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The Historical Library 

of ike 
aiuU of iL S'^tUn g^n^U Offiu 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 




Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Production, Design: Paul Stocksdale 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Dale Minnich 

On the cover: 
Mack's Bible, 
tucked under his arm, 
symbolizes the seriousness 
with which the first Brethren 
took scripture study. On 
page 1 0, Chalmer Faw tells 
what that led to. 

From the Editor 
In Touch 
Close to Home 
In Brief 

Stepping Stones 

Pontius' Puddle 
Partners in Prayer 
Turning Points 


10 Taking the New Testament seriously 

Plenty of other denominations do the same 
things and hold the same beliefs that Brethren 
do. So how are the Brethren unique? Chalmer 
Faw searches the writings and examples of 
Brethren founders to provide the answer. 

12 Living dangerously in Guatemala 

Kay Yanisch is an "Accompanier," providing a 
physical presence in support of former 
Guatemalan refugees as they resettle in their 
home communities. Her role is one fraught 
with danger, but, she says, "That's why I'm 
here." Jeff Leard tells her story. Sidebar by 
David Radcliff. 

16 Facing the gray areas in dying 

Guy Wampler questions Dr. Kevorkian's 
qualifications as a consultant on dying. He also 
points out the gray areas of end-of-life decision 
making, where tough questions have to be 
faced, and calls on us to be mutually supportive 
as we consider the alternatives before making 
the decisions. 

18 Death becomes him: Dr. Kevorkian's 
caricature of mercy 

lulie Polter takes issue with Dr. Kevorkian's 
brushing aside the Christian perspective in 
making end-of-life decisions. Rather, she 
contends, dying is a morally complex matter, 
requiring the Christian to ponder many issues. 

21 Let's give the Great Physician 

a little help 

lust as we are learning to take more 
responsibility for our own health care, says 
[ames Benedict, we should be accepting more 
responsibility for our spiritual welfare. 

22 Ending the Thirty Years War 

In 1897, after three decades of turmoil in the 
church. Annual Meeting was eager to establish i 
voice of unity in the brotherhood. What it did 
provides the story that historian James H. 
Lehman unfolds, marking a centennial 


How to reach us 


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If you move, clip address label 
and send with new address to 
Messenger Subscriptions, at 
the above address. Allow at least 
five weeks for address change. 

Coming next month 

We preview the upcoming 
Annual Conference in Long 
Beach and profile the modera- 
tor, David Wine. 

District Messenger representatives: Atl. N.E., Ron 
Lutz; Atl. S^E,, Ruby Raymer; Ill./Wis., Kreston 
Lipscomb; S/C Ind., Maijorie Miller; Mich., Ken Good; 
Mid-Ad.. Ann Fours; Mo./.^k., Luci Landes; N. Plains. 
Faiih Sirom; N. Ohio, Alice L. Driver; S. Ohio, Jack 
Kline; Ore./Wash.. Marguerite Shamberger; Pac. S.W, 
Randy Miller; M. Pa.. Eva Wampier; S. Pa , Elmer Q 
Gleim; W. Pa, Jay Christner; Shen., Tim Harvey; 5. 
Plains, Mary Ann Dell; Virlina, David & Hettie Webster; 
W Plains, Dean Hummer; W Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter 
Aug. 20. 1918. under Act of Congress of Oct. 17, 
1917. Filing date, Nov 1. 1984. Member of the 
Associated Church Press. Subscriber to Religion 
News Service & Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical 
quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are from 
the New Revised Standard Version, Messenger is 
owned and published 11 times a year by the General 
Services Commission, Church of the Brethren 
General Board, Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
ill., and at additional mailing office, Nov. 1996. 
Copyright 1996, Church of the Brethren General 
Board, ISSN 0026-0355. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Printed on recycled paper 

At the October General Board meeting there was a striking 
art exhibit in the Board room. Arranged on two walls were 
L_ 40 watercolor paintings that covered Brethren history from 
1708 to 1958. 

Oldtimers recognized the images. They were the original art, by 
Albert Winkler, done for a 1958 slide presentation titled "Come Up 
Higher." The slide presentation, with a script by Gospel Messenger 
editor Ken Morse, was done to cel- 
ebrate the 250th anniversary of the 
Church of the Brethren. Nowadays 
we would produce a video, of course. 

But like most of the things pro- 
duced by today's technology, you 
end up with something pretty and 
slick, but you wonder what the 
coming generations will make of 
them as antiques. With this 1958 
slide presentation, you can still pro- 
ject the images (if you can find a 
projector and screen). But you can 
also admire the original paintings. 
A video has no original art to pre- 
serve and treasure. 

Think of what e-mail is doing to the collecting of 
famous people's letters. Can you picture future collec- 
tors bidding high prices for someone's e-mail printouts? 
Imagine those in expensive frames on a paneled wall. 

Or consider the value today of something printed 
on Christopher Sauer's press. Not only does it have his- 
torical value, but the imprinted page itself puts you in touch with the 
one who set the type and operated the press. A page from an old 
hand-operated printing press records the three-dimensional impres- 
sion of the lead type, and each page is slightly different from the 
other. Compare such a page with a page of today's Messenger. We 
haven't done Messenger with lead type since 1974. 

The depiction here of the Christopher Sauer press, from the 1958 
filmstrip art, ties in nicely with an anniversary being celebrated this 
year — the centennial of Brethren Press. |im Lehman's story (on page 
22) of the church taking ownership of the Brethren Publishing House 
and moving to Elgin, 111., will interest our readers, especially those old 
enough to remember that original Brethren Publishing House at 22 
South State. Enjoy the story. May it whet your appetite for all the things 
Brethren Press has planned for this centennial year. 

Christopher Sauer's press is 

one of the 40 scenes from 
Brethren history depicted in 
the 1958 filmstrip "Come 
up Higher. " 

January 1997 Messenger 1 

Her heart's on her sleeve 

Losing a husband and a sister to cancer 
left Mary Jane Graybill with a feehng 
of helplessness. What could she, one person, 
do in the struggle to conquer cancer? 

The answer came to Mary Jane, a member 
of Ephrata (Pa.) Church of the Brethren, 

Mary Jane Graybill models 

the Arm Sunguard sleeve 

she invented to protect bare 

arms from harmful sun rays. 

The cotton sleeves are held 

up by elastic bands. 

one day when she was golfing with a friend, 
Jim Yerger. Jim had skin cancer. He said to 
Mary, "I wish somebody would make a 
sleeve so I wouldn't have to put my jacket 
on and take it off off all the time." 
"That's it!" thought Mary Jane. She and 

Jim formed the company J's Specialties am 
began producing the Arm Sunguard sleeve 
a 100-percent combed cotton, cuffed sleev 
with four rows of nonbinding elastic that fi 
around the upper arm. The sleeve blocks 
up to 97-percent of the sun's harmful 

ultraviolet rays, a consultant 
for the federal government 

People who use the Arm 
Sunguard sleeve can enjoy the 
outdoors without using 
creams, which wear off and 
must be reapplied. 

The sleeves are for anyone, 
stresses Mary Jane. "Golfers, 
motorcyclists and bicyclists, 
gardeners, fishers, walkers, 
boaters, campers, constructior 
workers, truckers." 

The Arm Sunguard sleeve 
isn't any cottage industry. Mar 
Jane advertises widely and has 
had the sleeve on show at the 
International PGA convention 
in Las Vegas. Last June she was 
a vendor at the Retreads 
Motorcycle Club International 
convention in Tennessee. 

But monetary profit is not 
the object for Mary Jane, who 
oftens whips out sleeves from, 
her golf bag and gives them to friends on 
the golf course. Her biggest dividend is 
the loss of that helpless feeling she had foi 
so many years. "Now I feel good inside, 
like I'm helping someone. That's what life 
is all about." 

In Touch stories wanted 

Do you know someone 
whose story should be in In 
Touch? Send us a note about 
the person, or a full-fledged 
story, and include a sharp, 
candid photo, preferably one 
showing the subject in a set- 
ting related to the story. 

Remember, we are seeking 
stories about Brethren who 

are presently doing interest- 
ing, noteworthy things. (The 
December story about Phyllis 
West and this month's story 
about Mary Jane Graybill are 
good examples.) Don't send 
biographical sketches or trib- 
utes. Stories should be short 
(350 words maximum) and 
pointed (Phyllis West saved 
a life; Mary Jane Graybill 
invented a sunguard 

sleeve) . If you find a news- 
paper story that is a natural 
for In Touch, send us the 
clipping (including publica 
tion name and date). 

Hint: Including a good 
photo remarkably improves! 
your story's chances of 
making it into print. 

Send your suggestions on 
stories to Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 6012G 

2 Messenger January 1997 

Catherine Emans, shown here with pastor Kevin Kessler. 
erved 50 years as treasurer of the Canton church. 

Reluctant acceptance 


James in the news 

losalyn Neuenschwander, 

member of Pleasant Dale 
Church of the Brethren, 
lear Decatur, Ind., was 
lamed Woman of the Year 
ly the Business and Profes- 
ional Women of Decatur. 

She was commended for 
successfully balancing her 
work as vice president of a 
bank, her civic and church 
roles, and her family life. 

• Ingrid Rogers, a 
member of Manchester 
Church of the Brethren, 
North Manchester, Ind., 

and associate professor of 
German at Manchester Col- 
lege, has had her sixth book 
published — Recollections of 
East Germany: Biographical 
Essays on Women Church 
Leaders. It carries testi- 
monies of women church 
leaders who experienced the 
changes of the 1989 Revolu- 
tion that resulted in German 

• Ron Beachley, Western 
Pennsylvania District execu- 
tive, and Warren Eshbach, 

standing Service Award 
from Bridgewater College 
at the annual President's 
Dinner Nov. 1. He is a 
retired medical doctor. 
• Nadine Bowman, a 
member of Manchester 
Church of the Brethren, 
North Manchester, Ind., 
and a resident of Timber- 
crest Church of the Brethren 
Home, has been named Vol- 
unteer of the Year by the 
Indiana Association of 
Homes for the Aging. 

n 1946, Catherine Emans reluctantly accepted the call 
to be treasurer of Canton (111.) Church of the Brethren, 
^ad she known it was for a term of 50 years, her reaction 
night have been more than reluctance. 

The Canton congregation honored Catherine Sept. 29 
/ith a musical program, a 50-year gold service pin, and a 
chocolate reception." 

Catherine said that her work as treasurer "started out to 
le simple, but became increasingly more complicated." 
itill, she enjoyed the opportunity to serve her church. 

But, having turned a reluctant acceptance into a 50-year 
ommitment, Catherine registered reluctance once again 
/hen asked if she would commit to the next 50 years. 
—Kevin Kessler 

Kevin Kessler is pastor of Canton (III.) Church of the Brethren. 

District ministers Ron Beachley and Warren Eshbach post? 

with Albert Meyers (right), executive director of PCC. 

Southern Pennsylvania Dis- 
trict executive, recendy 
participated in the reorgani- 
zation meeting of the 
Pennsylvania Council of 
Churches (PCC). 

• Two members of 
McPherson (Kan.) Church 
of the Brethren, Kathy 
Hackleman and Michele 
McMillan, have been 
named editor and news 
editor, respectively, of the 
town's newspaper. The 
McPherson Sentinel. 

• HoIIen G. Helbert, a 
member of Harrisonburg 
(Va.) First Church of the 
Brethren, received an Out- 


Dorothy Brown Dennison, 

80, died October 15. 1996. 
in Oak Park, 111. She served 
as a missionary nurse in 
India, 1945-1953. 

• Linford ]. Rotenberger, 
80, died Sep. 10, 1996, in 
Quakertown, Pa. He and the 
late Hartman Rice were 
cofounders of the Brethren 
Revival Fellowship in 1959. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we would 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

January 1997 Messenger 3 

Early ecumenicity 

Terrace View Union Church, near 
Goode, Va., has a history of ecu- 
menicity that goes back to its beginning. 
In the early 1900s, the local Brethren, 
Baptists, and Methodists had to travel 
some distance to find a church. Two acres 
of land were donated, money was raised, 
and the union church was erected on a 

A vintage photo shows the 

Terrace View church in its 

rural setting. After 77 years. 

the building still serves two 

groups — Church of the 

Brethren and Baptist. 

site with a good view of Virginia's famous 
Peaks of Otter on the nearby Blue Ridge. 
The church's dedication was held Aug. 
29, 1920. The Methodists later left Ter- 
race View (amiciably), but the Church of 
the Brethren and the Baptists are still 

sharing the church 77 years later. 

Each month in the old days, there were 
"Brethren Sundays" and "Baptist Sundays, 
but both groups attended all services. The 
morning offering went to the group whose 
Sunday it was. Brethren and Baptist busi- 
ness was handled separately, but Sunday 
school, the building fund, youth, choir, and 
other groups were jointly run. 

In earlier years, when revivals were pop- 
ular, there was a Brethren revival one year 
and a Baptist revival the next. Candidates 
for baptism just indicated to the preacher 
which denomination they wished to join. 
An outdoor baptistry fed by a stream had a. 
controlled water level. Deep water was 
needed for the "once backward" Baptists, 
and shallow water for the "three times for 
ward" Brethren. 

At one baptism there was no Baptist mini 
ister available. L.C. Coffman baptized 
everyone, simply asking each person in 
turn, "Which way?" 

The same L.C. Coffman was the 
Brethren pastor for six years, then became 
a Baptist. He returned as the Baptist pasto; 
for 10 years. Terrace View has much to 
teach about ecumenicity! 

Adapted from recollections of two men who grew up, 
together in the Terrace View church: Hugh Whitten. 
now a member of Bridgewater (Va.) Church of the 
Brethren, and John Tyler (a Baptist), who is still a Ter 
race View member. 



Close to Home 
stories wanted 

Has your congregation 
done something innovative 
that other congregations 
could use as inspiration or 
model? Does it have a 
unique ministry? Have 
your children or youth 
taken on a big project? Is 
something special going 
on at your district camp? 
Has a special event 
occurred in your congre- 
gation or district? 

If any of these apply to 
you, send us a story and 

photos, or contact us for 
writer's guidelines. If 
your newspaper has run a 
story that seems a natural 
for Close to Home, clip it 
and send it in, including 
the publication's name 
and date. 

Remember: Good sharp 
photos (with caption 
material) accompanying a 
story are sure to catch the 
editor's eye. 

Send your suggestions 
or stories to Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
IL 60120. Tel. (800) 

Campus comments 

Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary has met all established 
standards set for accredita- 
tion by the Association of 
Theological Schools and the 
North Central Association, 
and its accreditation is 
expected to be reaffirmed for 
1 years. And in a proposed 
program, Bethany's Brethren 
students will receive half of 
their tuition through scholar- 
ships and the other half from 
an Alumni Covenant Grant. 
The grant requires the 
receiver, after graduation, to 
pledge an annual gift toward 
the grant fund. 

4 Messenger January 1997 

ichool kits assembled by Cunyville children included 
lotebooks. pencils, crayons, erasers, and rulers. 

\^senibling school kits 

I'^/acation Bible school attenders from Curryville (Pa.) 

' T Church of the Brethren and Martinsburg Mennonite 
hurch recently assembled 209 schools kits, which they 
ent to school children in Africa. 

Daily offerings at the combined Bible school, plus dona- 
ions from local businesses, paid for the materials. Women 

Jlrom the two churches cut and sewed the bags. The chil- 
Iren had the fun of stuffing the bags with pencils, crayons, 

jiaper, and other school items. 

'.et's celebrate 

ilorgantown (W.Va.) 
-hurch of the Brethren held 
"Week of Renewal" Oct. 
1-13 in celebration of its 
l5th anniversary. West 
/larva District executive 
'eter Leddy led the Sunday 
ervices, with other guest 
peakers featured through- 
lut the week. 

• Yellow Creek Church 
if the Brethren, near 
Vakarusa, Ind., celebrated 
ts 140th anniversary Oct. 

17 during its Harvest Home, 
artifacts from the church's 
listory were displayed. 

• Claysburg (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren held 

homecoming Sept. 29 to 
nark its 70th anniversary. 
). Paul Green of Akron, 
^a., was guest speaker. 

Joan and Robert Heiny (center) present the Brubaker Fund 
to moderator Ruby fohnson. board chairwoman Sandi 
Boeger. and Live Oak co-pastors Pattie and Irven Stern. 

• As part of last year's 
85th anniversary celebra- 
tion of Live Oak (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren, 
five generations of descen- 
dants of the founder and 
first pastor of the congre- 
gation joined to form the 
WR. and Rosetta Landis 
Brubaker Fund for Peace- 

A chicken in every pot 

Lakeview Church of the Brethren, in Brethren, Mich., 
Jbegan Lakeview Food Pantry as a ministry in 1991. 
The pantry has been a success, with good cooperation 
between the church and the community. 

Recently a farmer donated 50 half-grown chickens to the 
pantry. A church family volunteered to raise the roosters of 
the flock to eating size. When the time came, the Brethren 
High School agriculture class killed and picked the chickens. 
Volunteers in the church continued the process 
until the chickens were packaged and 
frozen, ready for distribution. 

The pullets of the flock were raised 
by another Lakeview family. The hens 
are now laying, with some eggs being 
distributed by the pantry and others 
being sold to raise funds for the pantry. --"«i""'"" "»«i«Hif 

The chicken venture is just one example of the 
cooperation between the community and Lakewood 
church. A hog farmer donated a hog, already cut up and 
frozen. A cattle farmer donated large quantities of ham- 
burger. Potato farmers have donated part of their crop. 

So far, the community's contribution has been food and 
volunteers. For operating funds, Lakewood depends on a 
simple system: a donation jar in the church and pantry. 

In the pantry? Yes. In this happy situation, even the food 
recipients like to give as well. 

This and that 

Lima (Ohio) Church of 
the Brethren received the 
city's Good Neighbor 
Award Nov. 14. The con- 
gregation was cited for 
providing a meeting place 
for the neighborhood asso- 
ciation, serving breakfast 
to volunteers on national 
Make a Difference Day, 
and improving the neigh- 
borhood (26 members 
collected trash from side- 
walks and vacant lots on 
Oct. 26). 

making and Nurturing. 
Live Oak owns and man- 
ages the fund, with 
investment returns being 
used to support members 
who work toward peaceful 
resolution to social con- 
flicts and/or to support 
church-based community 
outreach programs. 

"Close to Home" highlights news of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
//oOTf, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

January 1997 Messenger 5 


Church World Service turns 50; 
hundreds join the celebration 

A 50th birthday party for Church 
World Service was thrown Nov. 1 3 in 
Chicago by several hundred CWS sup- 
porters and advocates, many who were 
on hand for three days of meetings by 

Desmond Tutu, speaking at 

Church World Service's 

Jubilee banquet, questioned 

whether the gospel gets 

heard by those who are rich. 

successful, or powerful. "(A 

person 's) value does not 

depend on possessions or 

achievement. " he said. "Tell 

that to your nation. Go tell 

them the good news. " Then 

follow Jesus ' example of 

seeking out the lost and the 

troubled, he added. 

News items are ititended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/"Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

6 Messenger January 1997 

the National Council of Churches' 
General Assembly. About 300 people 
participated in the Jubilee CROP Walk, 
in honor of the 2,000 walks that are 
scheduled each year nationwide. 

Desmond Tutu, archbishop emeri- 
tus of Cape Town, South Africa, de- 
livered the keynote address that 
evening to about 800 at the CWS Ju- 
bilee banquet, including at least 12 
Church of the Brethren NCC repre- 
sentatives, staff, and laity. 

Tutu credited the 33 denominations 
of the NCC for helping overthrow 
South Africa's former system of 
apartheid through prayers and pres- 
sure, and he called on these same de- 
nominations to exert that same level 
of energy to assist poor and undevel- 
oped countries at ridding themselves 
from crippling debt. Wouldn't it be 
appropriate during this CWS Jubilee 
for the International Monetary Fund 

and World Bank to adopt the Jubilee 
principle by forgiving the debt to 
countries that met four conditions? 
Tutu asked. 

"Give the people the chance to be- 
gin again," he added. 

In addition to the CWS celebration 
NCC delegates honored Joseph Cardi|! 
nal Bernardin, Roman Catholic arch 
bishop of Chicago, by naming him the I 
recipient of a new award, presented to 
a Bernardin aide the day prior to the i 
cardinal's death. The "Joseph Cardinal 
Bernardin Common Ground Award" ' 
will be awarded henceforth to honor \ 
people "whose lives have shown dedi- \ 
cation to the unity of people." { 

Delegates heard the first reading of ) 
"No Barriers for Deaf People in 
Churches," a proposed policy state- 
ment that will return to the General 
Assembly for second reading next No- 
vember. They were told of an NCC 
conference to be held in 1997 called 
"Ecumenical Consultation on the Im- 
plications of Homosexuality for Chris- 
tian Unity"; and heard a report from a; 
task force that is studying what it 
means "to be church" for the NCC's 
member denominations. 

Delegates also supported strategies 
to press Texaco and other companies 
"to embrace the concept that public 
accountability and assuming leader- 
ship in diversity is good for corpo- 
rate America"; and, in light of Cali- 
fornia's recent Proposition 209, 
which banned affirmative action, 
voted to reaffirm the NCC's pro af- 
firmative action policy. 

Delegates also learned of Church 
of the Brethren General Secretary 
Donald Miller's retirement through a 
notice in the daily newsheet. It said, 
"Dr. Miller will be greatly missed. 
NCC General Secretary Joan Brown 
Campbell credits him with keeping 
his communion's special witness to 
peace very much alive in conference 
calls among the heads of commu- 
nions, in the Assembly, and in other 
ecumenical settings. He has been a 
gift to the ecumenical community." 
— Nevin Dulabaum 

thio congregation bans 
ttendee from premises 

he Medina (Ohio) Church of the 
rethren on Nov. 10 banned one of 
s attendees, Debi Easterday, from 
ntering its facihty. The incident be- 
an when Easterday arrived at the 
(lurch and had a prepared congre- 
ational statement read to her. 
"The Medina Church of the Breth- 
;n . . . welcomes those who sincerely 
;ek to have or to strengthen their re- 
itionship with the Lord and Savior 
;sus Christ," the statement reads. 

I Calendar 

"Introduction to Preaching," offered by 

Bethany Academy for Ministry Train- 
ing. Ian. 6-10. Bethany Theological 
Seminary. Richmond, Ind. [Contact 
Kim Yaussy Albright. (800) 287-8822]. 

Nigeria workcamp. Ian. 1 1-Feb. 10 
[Contact the Africa and Middle East 
Office. General Offices. (800) 325- 

Council of District Executives meeting, 

Ian. 12-13 [Contact Karen Peterson 
Miller, (301) 790-0402]. 

General Board Staff/District Execu- 
tives consultation, Ian. 13-15, Lake 
Geneva, Wis. 

I Kirkridge Peacemaker Training for 
young adults, sponsored by Fellow- 
ship of Reconcilation. lanuary 13-23. 
Bangor, Pa. [Contact FOR, P.O. Box 
271, Nyack, NY 10960; fornatl(aiigc.]. 

1997 Week of Prayer for Christian 
Unity, Ian. 18-25 [Contact Graymoor 
Ecumenical & Interreligious Institute, 
(914) 424-3458]. 

Brethren Volunteer Service Unit 224 
orientation, [an. 19-Feb. 7. Camp 
Ithiel, Fla. [Contact BVS. General 
Offices; CoB.BVS.parti(a)]. 

Southern Africa study tour to Zim- 
babwe and South Africa with On Earth 
Peace Assembly and Association of 
Brethren Caregivers. Ian. 24-Feb. 6 
[Contact ABC. General Offices; 
CoB.ABC.partiCg' Ecunet.Org]. 

It continues, "We regret that an in- 
dividual has chosen to enter our 
church and our worship service with 
an agenda inconsistent with our 
peaceful principles and method of 
worship. The deepest desire of the 
members of the Medina Church of the 
Brethren is to gather for worship to 
pray, sing, study the Bible, and to 
praise Jesus Christ, without the fear of 
harassment, threats or general chaos. 
We have followed biblical principles as 
outlined by our Creator in handling 
difficult situations like this, and are 
greatly saddened that despite our ini- 
tial acceptance, love, generosity and 
prayers, Debi remains unrepentant 
and seeks to mock God. We are enti- 
tled to worship free of encumbrances 
and and fear according to the US 
Constitution and desire a return to 
peaceful and joyful worship services." 

Easterday had attended the Medina 
church sporadically for four years, 
but is not a member. She is a pro- 
fessed lesbian who recently married a 
man who reportedly is planning to 
undergo a sex change. According to 
Tom Zuercher, executive of Northern 
Ohio District, Easterday was not 
banned because she is a lesbian. She 
received the support and love of the 
church until her agenda brought 
chaos to the congregation and made 
it necessary to ban her from the fel- 
lowship, he said. 

National AIDS quilt the focus 
of BMC's sixth convention 

About 200 supporters of Brethren 
Mennonite Council celebrated the 
organization's 20th anniversary in 
Washington, D.C., Oct. 1 1-13, as 
part of BMC's sixth convention. The 
convention centered around the 
theme "Piecing New Patterns from 
Old Cloth," which tied into the na- 
tional AIDS Memorial Quilt, which 
was brought to Washington that 
same weekend and displayed on the 
Washington Mall. 

Leadership for the weekend was 
provided by Phi! Porter and Cynthia 
Winton-Henry, founders of the 
WING IT! performance ensemble. 

The conference consisted of many 
workshops that covered a variety of 
subjects. Conference participants 
also attended a tour of the National 
Gallery of Art, a banquet to celebrate 
BMC's anniversary, a charity auction 
that raised $2,600 for BMC, and an 
AIDS candlelight vigil on the Mall 
that attracted about 150,000. 

During the convention, BMC also 
formed The College Network 
(TCN), a group that will serve as 
support for gay, lesbian, and bisexual 
young adults. 

1997 interfaith legislative 
briefing to be held in April 

Focusing on current and proposed 
legislation as well as providing an 
opportunity to develop skills in advo- 
cacy and grassroots organization will 
be the topic of the 27th Annual In- 
terreligious Legislative Briefing in 
Washington, D.C., April 6-9. 

"This event will give the religious 
community an opportunity to express 
to the Clinton administration and to 
the 105th Congress the urgent needs 
of the poor and marginalized, as well 
as the need for social and economic 
justice, demilitarization, and envi- 
ronmental healing," said Tim Kreps 
of the Church of the Brethren Wash- 
ington Office. "Attending the brief- 
ing will give Brethren a chance to put 
their faith into action, including the 
chance to visit with their members of 

This year's Briefing is being orga- 
nized by the Interfaith Impact Foun- 
dation, the National Council of 
Churches Washington Office, and 
the Graymoor Ecumenical and Inter- 
religious Institute. Brethren inter- 
ested in attending the conference 
should contact Kreps at (202) 546- 
3202 or WashOfc(ffiAOL.Com. 

January 1997 Messenger 7 

General Board, Bethany 
announce staff changes 

James Replogle, director of Planned 
Giving, resigned effective Dec. 3 1 . 
Replogle served with the General 
Board's Stewardship Team in that 
position since 1989. 

Donna Derr, director of Refugee/ 
Disaster Services, resigned from her 
position effective Nov. 1 , citing per- 
sonal reasons. Derr served in the of- 
fice since 1981, and as its director for 
the past nine years. 

Orlando Redekopp, director of Ur- 
ban Ministry, will end his General 
Board employment because of termi- 
nation due to the General Board's re- 
design. Redekopp, 
who served in the 
position since 
1994, also serves 
as half-time pas- 
tor of Chicago 
(111.) First Church 
of the Brethren. 

Dan Kim, field 
director for Ko- 
rea Ministry since 
1993, was termi- 
nated effective 
this month due to 
redesign. Prior to 
this, Kim served 
as consultant for 
domestic Korean 

Ron and Har- 
riet Finney, co- 
directors of Fam- 
ily Ministry, were 
terminated effec- 
tive this month 
due to redesign. 

The Finneys, who ^^.^-^^ f,-,,,,^^ 

have served the 

General Board since 1993, also serve 
as co-executives for South/Central 
Indiana District. 

Linda Timmons, coordinator of 
recruitment for Brethren Volunteer 
Service, was terminated effective this 
month due to redesign. Timmons has 
held the position since 1995. 

8 Messenger January 1997 

Donna Forbes Steiner 

Joe Mason was 

named interim di- 
rector of Refugee/ 
Disaster Services, 
^^^^^^^ effective Dec. 5. 
hhB^^I^^B^H Mason recently 
^^^k^^^^H had served as in- 
terim executive 
for Northern 
Plains District. 

Donna Forbes 
Steiner began 
serving as At- 
lantic Northeast 
District interim 
associate execu- 
tive Ian. 1. 
She has served 
as a Brethren ministry consultant 
and pastor, and has worked as an 

Nancy Faus, professor and campus 
minister of Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary, Richmond, Ind., will retire June 
30. Faus has served as campus minis- 
ter since 1975 and as a full-time 

Ron Finne\ 

instructor since 1978. «' 

Darryl Deardorff, former Generall 
Board treasurer and current Board 
consultant, has been appointed di- 
rector of Investments for Brethren 
Benefit Trust, effective Jan. 1. 

New eras begin for McPhersori 
and Elizabethtown colleges 

The era of new presidencies began at 
two Church of the Brethren colleges 
this fall, as Theodore Long was 
installed as president of Elizabeth- 
town (Pa.) College Sept. 1, and Gary 
Dill installed as president of McPher- 
son (Kan.) CoUege Dec. 1. 

Theodore Long, 51, a member of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Church of 
America, is the 13th president of 
Elizabethtown College. 

Long most recently had served as 
provost and vice president of acade- 
mic affairs at Merrimack College, 
North Andover, Mass. He is a gradu- 
ate of Capital University, Columbus, 
Ohio. He earned his graduate degree 
from Duke University, and his doc- 
torate from the University of Virginia.i 

Prior to his appointment as the 12th 
president of McPherson College, Gary 


Theodore Long 

Dill served as senior vice president 
and a professor at Schreiner College, 
Kerrville, Texas, where he had worked I 
since 1991. During 1979-1984 Dill 
served as an adjunct faculty member 
at Bethany Theological Seminary. 

He also has served as pastor of York 
Center Church of the Brethren, Lom- 
bard, 111., and Prince of Peace Church 
of the Brethren, South Bend, Ind. 


jilo news is the word from the committees chosen to select an 
nterim and then a permanent general secretary. Kathy Hess, 
ihairwoman of the General Board and of the Board's Executive 
;ommittee, which is seeking an interim general secretary, 
eported at the end of November that no one had been selected to 
emporarily succeed Donald Miller upon his retirement Dec. 31 . 
)onald Fitzl<ee, chairman of the search committee for a perma- 
ent general secretary, stated that his committee did not have any 
aformation to release. Until an interim is chosen. Dale Minnich, 
issociate general secretary and executive of the General Services 
Commission, will serve as acting general secretary. 

Applications are being accepting by On Earth Peace Assem- 
ily from high school graduates interested in serving as conflict 
esolution program associates next summer. Four young adults 
be chosen. Two associates will work at Shepherd's Spring, 
iharpsburg, Md., and two associates at Gamp IViardela, Denton, 
i/ld., resourcing camp staff, counselors, and campers on conflict 
esolution and mediation skills. Applications must be received by 
an. 15. Contact Tom Hurst, OEPA director at (410) 635-8705, 
ir On. Earth. Peace. Assembly.parti@Ecunet. Org. 

unds for National Youth Conference '98 participants 

nay be raised through the help of SERRV International. Youth 
vho sell handmade products of SERRV's artisans will earn 20 
lercent toward NYC expenses. For more information, contact 
;ERRV at (800) 723-3712 or at SERRV.parti@Ecunet.Org. 

nding violence against women was the intent of an inter- 
aith breakfast Harriet Finney, co-director of Family Ministry, 
ttended in Washington, D.C., on Oct. 11. 
"A Call to End Violence Against Women" was the theme of the 
ireakfast hosted by the National Council of Churches, the Center 
or the Prevention of Sexual and Domestic Violence, and the 
Jational Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council during 
lomestic Violence Awareness Month. The event was held to 
encourage and support (religious groups) in meeting this major 
hallenge in our society, ending violence against women," Finney 
aid. She added that attendees were told domestic violence is a 
eligious issue that must be addressed by people of faith. 

i total of 1 ,450 Brethren from 48 congregations had 

igned a petition for the International Campaign to Ban Land 
/lines, as of Nov. 20. "This is a significant response from our 
ienomination regarding an important international issue," said 
lavid Radcliff, director of Denominational Peace Witness, of this 
tetition, which was sent to churches in the September Source. 

*'wo seminars sponsored by Bethany Theological Seminary and 
s Bethany Academy for Ministry Training are scheduled for early 
997 at Bethany's Richmond (Ind.) campus. An Introduction to 
Teaching course is scheduled for Jan. 6-10; an Advanced Pas- 
Dral Seminar is scheduled for Feb. 24-28. For more information, 
ontact Kim Yaussy Albright at (800) 287-8822. 






finLl^ _-a 


:upa '""Ldersb 


ajx^'° ,.».'?-"" 





Over 35 CPS 
and Catho- 
lics, attended 
the Oct. 26 
and dedica- 
tion service 
of this mark- 
er in Phila- 

More than 12,000 Brethren, Mennonite, Quaker, and other 
conscientious objectors who served in Civilian Public Service 
(CPS) from 1940-1947 were honored Oct. 26, when a marker 
commemorating their service was unveiled outside the Friends 
Center in Philadelphia. Although some Brethren thought it was 
inappropriate for members to participate with conscription in any 
manner, nearly 2,000 men — 1,1 19 from the Brethren denomina- 
tions—were serving in Brethren CPS units by October 1945. The 
Church of the Brethren donated more than $1 ,300,000 to the CPS 
program, in addition to food and clothing. This program helped 
lead to the founding of Brethren Volunteer Service in 1 948. 

A Certificate of Merit was presented to the Brethren Service 
Center, New Windsor, Md., in October by the Carroll County 
Health Department Bureau of Environmental Health. The Center 
was one of 93 facilities to receive the award, which is based on 
"outstanding food handling practices and cleanliness." 

Increasing service to the homeless will be the direct result 
of a $25,000 Global Food Crisis grant to the Brethren Housing 
Association, Harrisburg, Pa. The grant, approved Nov. 7, will 
help provide low-cost traditional housing, counseling, case man- 
agement, resources, and education. 

Dealing with congregational conflict is the focus of a work- 
shop scheduled for March 10-14 at Bethany Theological 
Seminary, Richmond, Ind. The workshop, which is intended for 
people with prior mediation or consulting experience, is co- 
sponsored by Ministry of Reconciliation. For more information 
and registration, call Kate Johnson at (410) 635-8706. 

And finally, a Roman Catholic priest instructed his altar boys to 
hand an apple to each woman who entered the church in a mini- 
skirt as "a reminder of the original sin of Adam and Eve." The 
priest began the campaign after several complaints concerning 
the clothing worn by women in the church. {ENl} 

January 1997 Messenger 9 

This, then, is the ''Brethren 

genius," the ability to take 

the New Testament seriously 

in a joyous giving of all 

that we are and have. 

BY Chalmer Faw 

In these days of declining membership, we might well 
ask ourselves, why have a Church of the Brethren 
when there are so many other denominations believing 
and doing virtually the same things that we do? 

When it comes to peace witness and service, the Men- 
nonites and Friends have been at it longer than we have, and 
seem to be doing an acceptable job. Also in these fields there 
are large denominations that have strong programs, so that 
in the United Methodist Church and the United Church of 
Christ, for example, there likely are more pacifists and ser- 
vice workers totally than there are among the Brethren. 

Nor are we the only "New Testament church" by any 
means. Every Christian denomination claims to be rooted 
in that document, from the Roman Catholics built on the 
apostolate of Peter to the Lutherans and their justifica- 
tion by faith alone, to the Calvinists emphasizing the 
sovereignty of God, to the Pentecostal groups who outdo 
us all in the gifts and work of the Holy Spirit. 

In what then, if anything, are the Brethren unique? 

The answer to this may be found in the writings and 
examples of the founders of our denomination. A key word 
for them was obedience, not so much more commands to 
obey but a greater spirit of obedience. In his publication 
Basic Questions, written in response to critic Eberhard 
Ludwig Gruber, Alexander Mack asked, "Why should a 
believer not wish to do the will of him in whom he believes?" 

Implied in this question borne out in the lives of early 
brothers and sisters was the conviction that there is noth- 
ing too little or too big to do for the one who died for our 
sins and won for us so great a salvation. For them it was 
not a question of do I have to do this or that or of how 
little can I get by with, but how much can I do to show 
my love for God and his Son Jesus Christ? 

Consequently, the early Brethren studied the Scriptures 
conscientiously, immersing themselves in the Bible every 
day to discover the best and the most they could do for the 
Lord, joyfully seeking the maximum and not the minimum 
of obedience. It was a little like two people in love asking 
not "Do I have to kiss or hug my spouse to show my affec- 
tion?" but rather "What are the thousand different little 

10 Messenger January 1997 

ways I can show my great love for my spouse?" 

Take the matter of Christian baptism, for example. Every 
denomination has it in some form. Even the Friends, who do 
not use water, have a special work of the Spirit that serves as 
baptism for them. Some groups sprinkle a little water; 
others pour water. Many denominations have immersion in 
water in one form or other, usually a single dip backwards. 
But not the Brethren. They combed the Scriptures carefully, 
comparing one text with another endlessly in their zeal to 
discover all they could do to express their gratitude for the 
salvation of which baptism is the seal and testimony. 

Beginning with the Greek word baptizo which meant to 
"dip" or "immerse," they found texts such as Acts 8:38— 39J 
in which Philip and the Ethiopian went down "into the 
water" and came up "out of the water" of baptism, and 
Romans 6:4, in which the believer is "buried" with Christ infiii 
baptism, and they were sure that the true New Testament 
practice was immersion of some kind. Then they examined 



lent serious 



Matthew 28:19 carefully and heard Jesus tell his disciples 
3 baptize "in the name of the Father and of the Son and of 
le Holy Spirit," and, on the principle of doing the most 
nd not the least, arrived at a threefold action, which they 
ame to call "triune immersion." 

Then, all Christian groups have ministries of prayer 
3r healing as did their Lord before them. The early 
brethren and related sects, however, searched the Scrip- 
jres for all the commands to heal, and attempted to 
nplement them in their lives, again on the principle of 
oing the maximum with gratitude and joy. 

They noted Christ's command in Matthew 10:8 to 
cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, (and) cast 
ut demons," and took healing seriously. And, true to their 
lethod, they found texts in other parts of the New Testa- 
lent to lay alongside this one, notably James 5:1 3-1 8, in 
'hich the early church was commanded to anoint with oil 
or healing. Having already learned from Mark 6:13 that 

the first apostles used this method on one of their trips, 
apparently at the command of the Lord, they were all the 
more eager for the detailed instructions found in lames 5. 
And from this came the rite of anointing for healing. 

It was not, as among the Catholics, a form of "extreme 
unction" for the dying only, but for all kinds of sickness. 
They took great care to see that the congregation was rep- 
resented through its "elders" or equivalents, followed to 
the letter the part about the confession of sins within the 
group, and practiced the prayer of faith that opened the 
door for the Lord to perform the miracle of healing. 

Still another area in which the early Brethren showed 
their desire to do everything that the Lord had commanded 
was that of holy communion. Here again all Christian 
groups, with the exception of the Friends, had the celebra- 
tion of the bread and the cup. But the Brethren and a few 
kindred groups added to that the communal meal found in 
1 Cor. 1 l:20ff and John 13, and the feetwashing instituted 
by (esus in (ohn 13:1-17. In fact they discovered from a 
close reading of verses 14—17 that lesus commanded us 
three times to wash one another's feet and, being eager to 
do all that the Lord wanted them to do, they did it without 
question and found great joy in doing so. 

The same spirit of following all the commands of 
esus motivated the early Brethren in carrying the 
^ospel to the whole world. In Matthew 28: 1 9-20, the 
emphasis was on making disciples, baptizing, and then 
teaching these converts to obey all of Christ's instructions, 
that is, making the same kind of earnest, fervent believers 
that the apostles were. This resulted in evangelizing by 
much doctrinal preaching, a characteristic of the procla- 
mation of the gospel by the early Brethren. 

But in Luke— Acts and much of the Epistles, the key word 
was "witnessing." and this was accomplished by first being. 
then doing, and finally speaking, with follow-up and organi- 
zation, leaving the results in the hands of the Holy Spirit. The 
Brethren are a blend of these two approaches, along with a 
strong emphasis on Matthew 25:3 1-46 that insofar as they 
show love to the "least" of creation they show it unto Christ. 

This, then, is the "Brethren genius," the ability to take 
the New Testament seriously in a joyous giving of all that 
we are and have in maximum fashion, ever on the lookout 
for even more that we may find to do to show our appreci- 
ation to God and Christ. 

The problem is that this is Brethren at our best. At our 
worst, we become legalistic and lose the spirit of the early 
Brethren. Only a genuine recovery of that spirit as we 
enter the 21st century will keep us alive. Without it, r7T~ 
we will be in deep trouble! l ! 

Chaliner Faw is a former professor at Bethany Theological Seminary 
and Nigeria missionary. He lives in McPherson. Kan. 

January 1997 Messenger 1 1 

Kay Yanisch's job is to be a 
physical presence showing 
solidarity with and support 
for former refugees as they 
resettle their community in 
Guatemala. "It is potentially 
very dangerous," Kay admits, 
"but that's why I'm here." 

in Guatemala^ 

Story and Photos by Jeff Leard 


It is a typical afternoon in the Ixcan region of 
Guatemala. The rainy season is in force and all in 
the little community of Los Angeles have taken 
cover from the daily torrential storms. Smoke from 
small cooking fires drifts lazily from the houses, juxta- 
posed with the thick precipitation that has engulfed the 
day. The constant chirping and buzzing of the jungle 
ecosystem is muffled by the steady din of rain on corru- 
gated tin roofs. Well-worn footpaths winding up and 
down Guatemala's rugged slopes are gradually turned to 
rivulets of mud. 

Kay Yanisch of St. Paul. Minn., is a visitor in Los 
Angeles — an invited guest — but today she is the host for 
a game of cards among a few of the neighborhood chil- 
dren. Set on a prominent hill in the community, her house 
is a place where people know they are welcome and it is 
the place where Kay does her best work — listening, sup- 

1 2 Messenger January 1997 

porting, and befriending a struggling community of 
refugees from a brutal civil war. 

Nearby, Cruza Lopez Perez sits inside her tiny broken 
home and slowly unwinds the story of her family's journeyi 
back to the community of Los Angeles. Her words describe ki 
the brutality of a country that went to war against its own 
people. It is the story of a mysterious and subjective 
oppression — the reason for Kay's presence in Los Angeles 

A tiny cooking fire is tended by Cruza's husband. He 
stares blankly through the slats of the outer wall, scan 
ning the obscured horizon for another betrayal in the 
Guatemalan darkness. He is silent. 

Cruza's 15-year-old daughter, Mikiela, is busy patting vo 
tortillas. Her hands move without thought. The attention o ts, 
her dark eyes is fixed intensely on her mother, whose 
somber words are interrupted occasionally by the sounds a 
Mikiela's tired baby, slung to her back in a lump of neatly 4; 

/oven fabric, crimson red. Milciela sums up the fate of the 
hild with a single sentence: "Another child born to suffer." 

In the 1 970s the Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP) 
ilently began organizing here in the Ixcan region. In 
975, the Guatemalan Army also established a presence 
n the region, and the two were soon locked into a bloody 
ivil war. The Ixcan became well known as one of the 
nost violent areas in Guatemala. 

In 1982, the army began sweeping from village to village 
n a series of massacres that were part of the government's 
corched earth policy. Troops were deployed on the ground 
nd in the air to destroy communities and massacre the 
nhabitants, leaving nothing but destruction in their wake. 

The scorched earth policy was implemented ruthlessly 
n the Ixcan and the situation in Los Angeles became 
mbearable when 350 people were locked inside a Catholic 
hurch in the nearby community of Cuarto Pueblo and 
ncinerated en masse. Troops began marching in the direc- 
ion of Los Angeles the following day. 

Cruza, her husband, and family of five children were on 
heir way to church on the day of the massacre. Frightened 
nd dismayed, they went back to their home, grabbed any- 
hing they could carry, and began the lethal journey north. 
Jke most of the other refugees, they headed for Mexico, 
'ractically all of Los Angeles fled in the days to follow, and 
he village was subsequently burned by the army. 

Some of the families arrived in Mexico and were even- 
ually placed in refugee communities. Others remained in 
he jungle close to the Mexican border, 
ften forming nomadic communities with 
jither refugees. Still others fled to safer 
)arts of the country and became displaced 
nside Guatemala. 

Lives were lost during the journey. 
)0me of the people were spotted and killed 
ly the army. Many more suffered and 
lied from disease, hunger, and exhaus- 
ion in the rugged countryside. Months 
ind years of paranoid flight took its toll. 

A decade after the Cuarto Pueblo mas- 
acre, the confrontation began to simmer 
lown, and in 1994 the situation around Los Angeles was 
leemed safe enough for families to return. But the area is 
till heavily militarized. Guerrilla camps are close by and 
wo army posts are within a few hours walk of Los Ange- 
es. Ostensibly the war is over, but the refugees in Los 
^geles are not safe. 

As part of the peace accords that ended the conflict, 
efugees throughout Guatemala insisted on having interna- 

The task of accompaniers 
is to report human rights 
abuses to the outside 
world and to support 
recent refugees as they 
work through the process 
of re-establishing broken 

It distresses Kay that while she lives in ilie same physical 
space as her Guatemalan neighbors, she cannot fully 
experience their sense of insecurity and uncertain future. 

tional people accompany them during the return to their 
communities. The Church of the Brethren has become a part 
of the process by sponsoring people such as Kay through the 
program "Partners in Accompaniment: Guatemala" (see 
sidebar). The task of accompaniers is to 
report human rights abuses to the outside 
world and to support recent refugees as 
they work through the process of re-estab- 
lishing broken communities. 

The need for accompaniment is evi- 
dent. The people of Los Angeles, like 
most replaced communities, do not trust 
the government, and with paramilitary 
forces close at hand, Kay's presence is 
believed to be essential. People in the 
community question their safety if she is 
gone for more than a few days. 
In the aftermath of the conflict, Los Angeles is work- 
ing hard at rebuilding itself. But the effects of more than 
10 years of violence have been pervasive. "I think there's 
a great deal of fear still," said Kay. "That's the reason a 
lot of people didn't come back — because they were wor- 
ried it was going to happen again. People don't talk 
about their emotions much, but I think there's a lot of 
domestic abuse — a lot of parents beating kids and a lot 

January 1997 Messenger 1 3 

Kay enjoys getting to know the people of Los Angeles and 

mastering their traditional crafts, such as weaving. 

of kids hitting dogs. People who have been stomped on 
feel like they need to stomp on somebody else." The frus- 
tration is palpable to Kay. 

Resources to accomplish the rebuilding effort are 
scarce. The community suffers from poverty and from 
political repression, and the combined effects of the two 

have severely hampered 
reconstruction. Accord- 
ing to Kay, the people 
of Los Angeles have not 
reached a state of 
famine, but they are 
poor and they are 
extremely limited in 

But Guatemalans 
are very resourceful. 
Houses are built out of 
timber and vines from 
the rain forest. Roofs 
are made from thatch 
or from sheet metal 
that has been donated. Two harvests of corn and beans 
each year offer an ample supply of food, but cultivating 
the crops and processing the food is a painstaking proce- 
dure. Lifetimes are spent planting the seeds, working the 

14 Messenger January 1997 

"People don't talk about 
their emotions much, 
but I think there's a lot 
of domestic abuse — a lot 
of parents beating kids 
and a lot of kids hitting 
dogs. People who have 
been stomped on feel 
like they need to stomp 
on somebody else." 

soil, picking the corn, grinding the corn, and patting it 
into tortillas — the staple food of the country. 

Los Angeles is also a difficult place to live. The neares-! 
town is five hours away by foot. A road that was promised 
by the government as part of the peace accords has been 
delayed indefinitely. Most supplies are transported by 
horseback, which virtually makes cash-crop agriculture 
out of the question. 

In the face of all this, the families of Los Angeles still 
consider themselves lucky. "They've suffered a lot," said 
Kay. "But at the same time there's a lot more hope for 
them than for other people who are suffering from poverty] 
in Guatemala: They have land. That's why they came 
back. There was no land in Mexico, and these people are 
so rooted in the land and in growing the milpa, the maize, 
the frijoles, and the squash — their life stems from it. A 
Mayan legend says that people are made of corn; it's the 
most important symbol in the culture." It is a luxury to 
have land on which to grow the precious staple. 

Peace in Guatemala is tenuous, and there is always con- ^ 
cern that the people might be removed from the land once 
again. After all, the Ixcan region is the most active area of 
conflict in the country. Kay admits without hesitation that 
the community is in a "potentially dangerous" situation. 

True, there are few options for people who live in Los 
Angeles, but for Kay it is a different story. She recognizes 
the danger, but stays for the satisfaction of her work. "I 
feel like I'm getting a lot more out of it than I'm putting 
inio it," she said about the experience. "I am getting a lot 
more out of it than I'm putting into it. The hardest part was 
just making the decision to do something." Once she made: I' 
the decision, she became quickly committed to the cause. 

Kay remains unconcerned about her safety. "I don't live ; )' 
in fear of the danger I'm in," she said. "I'm not naive 
enough to believe that another attack won't happen here, 
but in a lot of ways I feel safer now than I did locked up 
tight in my apartment at home in the US. It is a potentially 
very dangerous situation, and that's why I'm here — becausefii 
these people are in danger. 

"It's not right that they live in fear and it's not right 
that they need this accompaniment — it's not fair. It's 
such a simple thing for me to do. Yes, it's dangerous, and ii; 
I've thought to myself, 'well, what if something happens 
to me?' But a more important question is, 'what if some- 
thing happens to all these people here?'" 

The experience of living in the Ixcan region has been 
instructive, and Kay has a new perspective on mortality. 
"The people know life so much more than we know it 
because they know it in all of its extremes," she said. 
"They've been faced with death so much more and they 



ire so accepting of it as just another stage of life." 

Every day Kay goes to a different house for meals. She 
s immersed in the life and culture of the community, but 
s a North American it has been difficult to relate to the 
experience of oppression. "I've become comfortable here, 
lut at the same time I'm not suffering," she said. "I go to 
)eople's homes and I eat their food. I don't know the 
truggles they've had in their lives ... or even in harvesting 
he corn. I show up. There's food. It tastes great." She 
ives in the same physical space with the community of Los 
Uigeles, but does not share the history of a cruel past. 

Her cultural frustration is bal- 
mced by an immense respect for 
he people. "Their stories are 
ncredible, and their history is just 

As an accompanier, Kay's job 
s to be a physical presence show- 
ng solidarity with and support for 
he former refugees as they reset- 
le their community, but she plans 
o continue her work in the US after 
he leaves Los Angeles in April. 

Her plan is to bring Central 
i^merican issues to people's con- 
ciousness by advocating for Los 
Vngeles and other refugee com- 
nunities and by spreading the word 
ibout the oppression in Guatemala. 
One of the most important things 
hat anyone who has lived in this 
;ulture can do is to share the strug- 
;les that they've had with outside 
leople. A lot of people wouldn't go 
)ut and seek this information, but 
f you can bring it to them and to 
he people you know, then at least 
ou are doing a little bit." It is important, she feels, to have 
; local person talking about international issues and bring- 
ng them to the attention of people in the US. 

The experience of living among the people of Los 
Uigeles has affected Kay deeply. She is passionate about 
he situation in Guatemala, but knows that the challenge 
ihead for her is formidable. "There's a difference between 
;nowing and doing," she said. "The doing is the 
iiardest part." 


]eff heard, a member of Clendale (Calif.) Church of the Brethren, 
xently completed a year of Brethren Volunteer Service with the General 
'■card's Office of Interpretation. He has begun a second assignment, sennng 
s newsletter editor for the Middle East Council of Churches, in Cyprus. 

Partners in Accompaniment 

In response to requests by returning Guatemalan refugees 
for international accompaniment, particularly from cit- 
izens of the United States, the Church of the Brethren 
began the Partners in Accompaniment project in late 1995. 
The goal of the effort is to help assure the safety of 
Guatemalans who have come back to their communities 
after years in exile. Means of accomplishing this include 
linking Brethren congregations with Guatemalan com- 
munities for relationship-building and advocacy, recruiting 
accompaniers to live in threatened 
communities for terms of at least 
three months, and encouraging 
understanding of and support for 
Guatemalans through workcamps 
and learning tours. 

Congregations wishing to 
participate as partner communi- 
ties are asked to learn about their 
sister community and to be pre- 
pared to respond should the 
safety of that community be 
threatened. Congregations may 
also contribute to the support of 
an accompanier at whatever level 
is possible. Matching funds by 
the Church of the Brethren Dis- 
aster/Refugee office double the 
impact of congregational gifts. 
People interested in serving 
as accompaniers need to be 
fluent in Spanish, mentally and 
spiritually mature, and in good 
physical health. Training and 
placement of accompaniers is 
handled by the National Coordi- 
Kay learns much of nating Office on Refugees and 
Guatemalan life Displaced of Guatemala. Lisa 

from the children }antzen of California is sched- 
who dog her steps uled to be placed in the village of 
through the village. La Providencia this month. Her 
support will come from congre- 
gations in the Midwest and on the west coast. 

Further information is available from the General 
Board's Latin America office or the office of Denomi- 
national Peace Witness. — David Radcliff 

David Radcliff is director of Denominational Peace Witness on the 
General Board Staff 

January 1997 Messenger 1 5 





BY Guy wampler 

While I was getting my hair cut, I asked a couple 
of Catholics in the barber shop, "What do 
Catholics believe about Dr. Kevorkian?" 

Knowing a little bit about the Catholic opposition to sui- 
cide, I expected them to denounce "Dr. Death" of Michigan. 
To my surprise, they said, "It's difficult to say what Catholics 
believe, because Catholics do not all think alike." 

So I rephrased the question, "Well, what does your 
church teach about assisted suicide? Is it a venial sin?" 

"No," they answered in unison. "It is a mortal sin, 
definitely a mortal sin." 

I persisted, "Even though it is a mortal sin according 
to your church, can you imagine any situation in which 
you might condone physician-assisted suicide?" 

"Yes," they replied together. 

Both of these Catholics have been widows, although 
one is married again. Both have been through the terminal 
illness, suffering, and death of their husbands. They must 
have learned from that experience. They asked, "When 
there is no longer any hope of recovery, when pain is 
excruciating or if sedation is so heavy it turns patients into 
zombies, why prolong the agony?" They answered their 
own question: "We would not do that to dogs. We would 
put dogs to sleep. Isn't that more merciful?" 

Both women professed to love their church — the sanc- 
tuary, the worship, the sacraments. They claimed that they 
take the teachings of the church as far as they can but that 
the church is out of date. They said that the world changes 
but the Catholic church stays the same for centuries. More- 
over they contend that in their church most issues are black 
and white, whereas in the everyday world in which we live 
there are gray areas. They said that when they come to the 
gray areas of life, about 90 percent of Catholics have an 
understanding among themselves that they will exercise 
their individual judgment. 

I asked, "If you committed a mortal sin would you 
confess it to your priest?" 

They answered, "Yes, but that doesn't mean we'd 
change our minds." 

16 Messenger January 1997 

I think there are 

better people with 

whom to consuh than 

Dr. Kevorkian. He is 

too casual about death, 

too indifferent to the 

preciousness of every 

life. In the gray areas 

at the end of life there 

are alternatives to Dr. 

Kevorkian that I would 

find more acceptable. 

This conversation in the barber shop about the teach- 
ing of the church versus individual judgment had special 
significance for me because the Church of the Brethren 
now has an official statement against assisted suicide, anc 
we need to decide how to apply that statement to our 
individual lives. At Annual Conference in Cincinnati, 
more than 1,000 delegates voted to adopt a statement 
called "End-of-Life Decision-Making." One sentence 
from that statement reads: "The active and intentional 
taking of life including assisted suicide is unacceptable." 

At first glance. Annual Conference appears to be as 
black and white on this issue as the Catholic church. Of 
course the words "mortal sin" do not appear, but the 
word "unacceptable" is categorical. And Annual Confer- 
ence is the highest authority on matters of faith and politj 
in the Church of the Brethren. 

On the other hand, Annual Conference statements are 
not considered decrees, binding on all members. Our 
church considers Annual Conference statements to be 

eachings lo enlighten, not mandates to coerce the mem- 
jers of the church. In other words, the Church of the 
Brethren offers room for individual judgment when we 
"ace the gray areas of Hfe. So we must think about this 
•ecently adopted teaching of the church, interpret it, and 
;onsider how it appHes to our daily lives. 

I believe that every life is precious. |esus taught that 
he hairs of our head are numbered. He taught that not a 
sparrow falls to the ground unnoticed by God, and that 
NQ are of much greater value than sparrows (Matt. 
10:29-30). Every life is precious in the sight of God. I 
lave a sense of reverence for life. Therefore, the active 
ind intentional taking of life troubles me. 

One of my cousins committed suicide last year. He was 
\ respected member of his Church of the Brethren congre- 
gation. He had a natural twinkle in his eyes. He had a 
spirit of adventure. Years ago, he built an airplane and 
earned how to fly it. He took us cousins up for a ride. 

But this seemingly untroubled man left his home in the 

early morning darkness and took his life. Our whole 
family is still troubled. We don't fully understand the cir- 
cumstances that led to the suicide. He did have heart 
problems. Although his family didn't see the symptoms at 
the time, apparently he was more depressed about his 
health than they realized. 1 wonder if he kept his feelings 
inside himself and faced them alone. I wonder if it would 
have been good for him to express his despair rather than 
bear that burden alone. I wonder if, had he sat down with 
someone whom he respected to carefully consider all the 
alternatives, he would have made a different choice. 

His death was terribly tragic. I am glad for a church that 
cautions against all forms of suicide. In our low moments, 
we make bad decisions. In such moments we need the 
teaching of the church to give us perspective. The church 
teaches that every life is precious. Suicide horrifies me. 

The Bible doesn't give a definitive answer to the 
question of suicide. Remarkably, few suicides are 
reported across the several millennia of biblical 
history. The stories of these rare suicides are told without 
condemnation or judgment. 

1 Samuel 3 1 reports the suicide of King Saul. The 
Israelites lost a battle to the Philistines. The king's three 
sons, including the valiant Jonathan, were killed in 
battle. The king was critically, but not fatally, wounded. 
He instructed his armor-bearer to run a sword through 
him — that is, to become his Dr. Kevorkian. The armor- 
bearer refused the king. Then Saul fell upon his own 
sword. He chose to die rather than to be dishonored and 
humiliated by the enemy. 

King Saul's suicide is never denounced in the Bible. To 
the contrary, David's eulogy for King Saul is one of the 
most moving and beautiful of all time. In that great poem 
("How the mighty have fallen"), the king's life is remem- 
bered and honored, and his death is lamented and grieved, 
but his suicide is ignored (2 Sam. 1:17-27). 

The only suicide in the New Testament is that of ludas 
Iscariot, who hanged himself. His death is tragic. By 
ending his life, he cut all possibility of reconciliation. By 
ending his physical life, he ended his spiritual life also. 
What a tragic ending to the life of one of the 1 2 disciples. 

These two suicides, and a couple more, are reported in 
the Bible without evaluation; none of them are assisted 
suicides. The Bible gives no direct answer to our ques- 
tions about Dr. Kevorkian. 

Are there gray areas where we must use our own judg- 
ment? Consider the story about Dan West. Glee Yoder's 
book about him. Passing on tlie Gift, is an inspirational, 
yet honest, biography. Dan West is one of the great 
heroes in the Church of the Brethren during this century. 
He founded Heifer Project, a multimillion-dollar interna- 
tional agency for relief of hunger. He was a pioneer in 
church camping in the 1920s, when summer camps were 
first organized in the Church of the Brethren. He was a 

January 1997 Messenger 17 

key figure in the formation of Brethren Volunteer Service. 
Dan West was a peace activist par excellence in the 
Church of the Brethren. 

When he was in his 70s, Dan's health began to fail . His 
illness was diagnosed as Lou Gehrig's Disease. Six months 
later, he could barely speak because his throat muscles were 
paralyzed. Seven months later he couldn't swallow. A 
doctor performed a gastrotomy to channel nourishment 
directly into his stomach. He was placed in a nursing home. 

A year later, Dan must have decided to die. On Janu- 
ary 4, 1971, during a howling snowstorm, when the 
temperature was below zero, he put an overcoat over his 
pajamas and boots on his feet and took a walk outside 
alone. He came back to the lobby coughing and sputter- 
ing, nearly choking. He went out a second time and then 
a third time on that bitterly cold night. 

Pneumonia was the result. An oxygen tent was placed 
over him. He kept working his way out of it. He wrote a 
note "My life is no longer worth this cost." The doctor 

recommended a tracheotomy. Dan declined. 

On January 7, when his wife, Lucy, came to visit him 
after work she noticed that he was not at the window as 
usual, looking for her. She found him in his bed, near 
death. He awoke enough to smile and to reach out to 
squeeze her hand. Then within minutes he died. He must 
have willed himself to live long enough to say good-bye. 

When 1 read that story soon after it was published in 
1978, I was troubled. I could hardly accept Dan West's 
choice to deliberately hasten his death. I thought, "An 
unheroic ending to the life of a great hero." 

Now I am older. The passage of years diminishes one's 
fear of death. Older people say to me, "I'm not afraid to 
die. I just don't want to be there when it happens." In 
other words, they aren't afraid of death, although they 
may worry about the process of dying: "I don't want to 
linger. I don't want to suffer. I don't want to become a 
burden." But they don't fear death. They say serenely, "I'll 
be ready when the good Lord calls. I'm ready to go home." 

BY Julie Polter 

For all the nihilistic posturing 
in our culture, not many of us 
really want to ponder the reality 
of death, the nuts and bolts of how 
and why and when. Least of all do we 
want to think about the slow ways we 
or those we love may die, the journeys 
down long twisting tunnels of terminal 
illness or disability or chronic pain. 

These paths surely can be marked 
with the noblest human moments of 
the struggle with life and death. But 
they are also inevitably filled with the 

Death becomes him: 

Kevorkian's caricature of mercy 

On Kevorkian's terms, death is purely an individual 

matter, only a concern if you're the one choosing 
a physician's assistance in speeding up the process. 

mundane ambiguity of suffering — 
monotony spiked with agony; a 
shifting, confusing blend of hope, 
despair, perseverance, and surrender. 

So maybe some breathe a sigh of 
relief when Dr. Jack Kevorkian, the 
retired, unlicensed Michigan pathol- 
ogist who has assisted more than 40 
people in committing suicide, brashly 
smashes open the vacuum of cultural 
denial. With press conferences, 
videotapes, and general outrageous- 
ness, he shoves death stage center 
where you can't look away and he 
claims that it's all much more simple 
than doctors, lawyers, ethicists, or 
theologians would have you think. 

Dr. Jack explains it all: Suffering is 
wrong, and the dignified choice is to 
end it. An I.V. drip in a rusty van or 
hotel room is nothing more and noth- 
ing less than a courageous stand for 
freedom and personal autonomy. The 

law has nothing to do with it. Societal 
standards have nothing to do with it. 
The blessings and shadows of a dying 
person's relationships with family and 
friends have nothing to do with it. 
Spirituality or organized religion cer- 
tainly have nothing to do with it. 

Whether you applaud Kevorkian or 
are repulsed by him, you can perhaps 
recognize the release and relief many 
would find in seeing things from his 
perspective. On Kevorkian's terms, 
death is purely an individual matter, 
only a concern if you're the one 
choosing a physician's assistance in 
speeding up the process. According 
to The Washington Post, about 75 
percent of the public supports the 
idea of physician-assisted suicide. 

But the stark clarity of Kevorkian's 
"mercy and individual rights" road 
show evaporates when you look at the 
full record of who he has reported 

18 Messenger January 1997 

Dan West was 77 years old when he died. When a man 
who has been a talker all his life can't say a word anymore, 
when a man who enjoyed fresh vegetables from his garden 
can't eat one spoonful anymore, when a man who traveled 
to places around the world can't even get across town any- 
more, when a man who loved his 
little farm can't go home any more, 
when a man who believed in recon- 
ciliation and proclaimed the power 
of love can't participate in normal, 
healthy relationships anymore 
because of physical infirmities, is 
that life? When a man has no hope 
for recovery and nothing in this life 
to look forward to, why not squeeze ,-b^^^^ 

a hand, say good-bye, and journey on to the next life? 

There is a gray area in the Annual Conference state- 
ment. The gray area lies between two sentences: "The 
active and intentional taking of life, including assisted sui 

When someone has no hope for 

recovery and nothing in this life 

to look forward to, why not 

squeeze a hand, say good-bye, 

and journey on to the next life? 

cide, is unacceptable When death approaches, relief of 

pain and suffering is a higher value than simply prolonging 
life." That second guideline is an interesting counterpoint 
to the first. Simply prolonging life is not the ultimate value 
when death approaches. Do you begin to see a gray area 
that allows room for our individ- 
ual judgment when we interpret 
and apply our Annual Conference 

What is assisted suicide (which 
is unacceptable) and what is 
simply prolonging life, which is 
not the highest value? What is 
taking a life, and what is allowing 
" to die? Answer this question in 

your mind: Suppose a person were put on a respirator 
when he was unconscious, even though he had signed a 
"living will" against using such heroic measures. Is 
unplugging that respirator an assisted suicide, or is it just 

assisting in committing suicide since 
1990. A large majority have been 
women; several have had the kind of 
diseases usually associated with ques- 
tions of euthanasia — terminal cancer 
or severely debilitating conditions 
such as Lou Gehrig's disease, accom- 
panied by presumably untreatable 
pain. But Kevorkian has been steadily 
pushing the limit on what constitutes 
"terminal" or "untreatable." 

His "clients" include Rebecca 
Badger, apparently severely disabled 
by what had been diagnosed as multi- 
ple sclerosis; an autopsy found no 
physical evidence of the disease. Her 
history included evidence of depres- 
sion, chemical abuse, and alcoholism. 
She had refused antidepressants and 
was reportedly unhappy with a previ- 
ous psychological consultation. 

Kevorkian concedes that [udith 
Curren, a 42-year-old nurse and 
mother of two young children, was not 
terminally ill; rather she didn't feel she 
could continue bearing the pain and 
exhaustion of chronic fatigue syn- 
drome. Her psychiatrist husband was 
at her side with Kevorkian when she 
committed suicide. 

That same husband had been twice 
accused of assaulting her, with the 
police paying a visit to their home just 
three weeks before her death to arrest 

him on a charge of domestic assault 
and battery. As The Washington Post 
editorial page asked, "Is it in any way 
merciful, compassionate, or 'healing' 
(a favorite word of Kevorkian fans) to 
assist in the suicide of a middle-aged 
woman who is tired and depressed 
and married to a man whom she 
recently accused of attacking her and 
who then delivers her to Dr. 

Dying, like most things that 
matter, is a morally complex 
reality. Take a walk through a 
cancer ward or hospice or intensive 
care unit and it will be clear that 
almost any patient's existence is itself 
a dynamic interplay of body, emo- 
tion, and (yes) spirit, enmeshed in a 
medical establishment and medical 
technology and a web (or snarl) of 
personal relationships. 

Kevorkian has caricatured the 
Christian perspective resisting 
euthanasia as nothing more than a 
foolish claim that the body is sacred, a 
claim academically or spiritually 
removed from the physical reality of 
severe illness and pain. But the truth is 
that if we bring the whole of our faith 
and ethical heritage forward, it pushes 
us into deep engagement with the full 
range of issues (biological, medical. 

legal, relational, political, ethical) that 
are at stake in questions of euthanasia. 

A human being, made in the image 
of God, does have infinite value in 
our tradition. But if we see all life, all 
creation as flowing from God (and, 
eventually, back again), then we do 
not claim solely the worth of an indi- 
vidual life, but also the sanctity of an 
individual's connection to the rest of 
creation. Life is not just a heart beat 
and brain waves, but relationships 
and interdependence (both incarnate 
and transcendent) among people and 
the rest of the earth. 

Engagement (both personal and at 
the policy level) with the complexity of 
these questions, and a pushing for 
such full engagement by our society, 
should be what people of faith are 
about. This role is all the more key as 
the Supreme Court hears two cases 
this month that could fundamentally 
change how the legal system deals with 
physician-assisted suicide. There is too 
much mystery inherent in death and 
life for us to claim any simple answers; 
there is too much sacred in life and 
death not to fight for account- rvj-i 

ability where the two intersect. 

Iidie Poller writes for Sojourners magazine. 
Reprinted with permission from Sojourners, 
November- December. 1996. Sojourners, 2401 
15th Street N.W.. Washington. DC 20009. 

January 1997 Messenger 19 

no longer interfering with the process of dying? 

Or suppose a person on kidney dialysis becomes ter- 
minally ill and refuses dialysis, and the result is a quick 
death. Is that suicide? 

My wife and I have signed a living will with durable 
power of attorney that authorizes our care givers not to 
force-feed us if we can't eat or drink and not to give us 
blood transfusions, antibiotics, or any form of surgery if our 
illness or injury is terminal or our 
state of unconsciousness is perma- 
nent. Is that acceptable? 

Is refusing to swallow food or 
drink after a totally incapacitating 
stroke the taking of life or is it not 
simply prolonging life? 

Or suppose someone such as 
Dan West refuses oxygen, is that 
suicide? Or if someone who is ter- 
minally ill walks out on a cold winter night and gets 
pneumonia, what is that? Active or passive euthanasia? There 
are ways to hasten death besides visiting Dr. Kevorkian. 

In the age of high technology, the distinction between 
active and passive euthanasia is blurred. What is the taking 
of life and what is not simply prolonging life? Is that not a 
gray area in which we have to exercise our own judgment? 

It is easy for delegates to Conference to sit back and 
vote for an idealistic statement without making the hard 
decisions. A pastor back home and individuals facing gray 
areas don't have that luxury. I wish Annual Conference 
delegates would have wrestled more openly with the com- 
plexity of end-of-hfe decision-making. 

Dr. Kevorkian is spooky. He has little reverence for 
life; he said that explicitly in a television interview. He has 
assisted some 40 suicides. He has not been convicted of a 
crime. Apparently, in each of the cases, the jury sensed 
his compassion for his patients. In one recent case the ill- 
ness was painful, but not necessarily terminal. That is a 
different category of assisted suicide not yet tested in the 
courts. I think there are better people with whom to con- 
sult than Dr. Kevorkian. He is too casual about death, too 
indifferent to the preciousness of every life. In the gray 
areas at the end of life there are alternatives to Dr. 
Kevorkian that I would find more acceptable. 

Medical technology is a mixed blessing. Incredible 
progress has been made within the last decade in the relief 
of pain. Less sedation, applied more efficiently, offers a 
patient less pain without existing in a mental fog. We can 
be thankful for progress in the treatment of pain. 
Reduced pain means that quality life can be extended for 
many people to enjoy. On the other hand, in the age of 
high technology, dying has become more difficult. Some 
deaths would have been quick and easy a generation ago; 
the same deaths can be postponed almost indefinitely 
now. Despite many wonderful benefits, technology has 

Every life is to be treasured, 

preserved, and not relinquished 

so long as the quality of life is 

not so diminished that it is 

hardly life anymore. 

made decisions about dying more complex. 

Life as portrayed in the New Testament is more than 
breathing, more even than the absence of pain. Life is ani- 
mation, relationships, and spiritual vitality. If prolonging 
physical life was Jesus' most important goal, he would not 
have chosen the cross. When Jesus says, "I am . . . the life" 
(John 14:6), he is talking about more than breath or a 
heartbeat or brain waves that can be detected only by the 

most sensitive machines. He is talk- 
ing about the abundant life, the life 
of love. The cross did not prolong 
his physical life nor that of his disci- 
ples. But life is more than breathing. 

That delightful New Testament 
image, the "tree of life," means 
more than mere survival. "Tree of . 
life" means the nourished life, the 
vibrant life. Another delightful 
image, the "stream of life," means more than mere exis- 
tence. I think of refreshment, of renewal, of serenity. The 
New Testament concept "eternal life" means more than 
longevity, more than perpetual misery. "Eternal life" 
means life with spirit to it. It means the fuller joys of a 
closer fellowship with God and neighbors. Such life is far 
more than breathing. A lot of people who are walking 
around are half dead already. They are physically alive but 
spiritually dead. That kind of death, which is all around 
us, is far more tragic than assisted suicide. 

In this age of high technology, end-of-life decision- 
making can become a difficult task. People of the faith 
must offer support to those who must make such deci- 
sions. We must be caring, open, willing to listen and talk 
about life and about death, so that they can express their 
despair with out having to bear that burden alone and con- 
sider their alternatives before they have to make a choice. 
We must remind each other that every life is precious. 
Every life is to be treasured, preserved, and not relin- 
quished so long as the quality of life is not so diminished 
that it is hardly life anymore. We must encourage each 
other with the assurance that, even in this age of high 
technology, Jesus Christ is the Lord of both the living and 
the dead, and that he goes with us through the valley of 
the shadow of death. We must remind each other in the 
words of Paul: "If we live, we live to the Lord, and if we 
die, we die to the Lord; so then, whether we live or 
whether we die, we are the Lord's" (Rom. 14:8). 

The key question then is not when do we die or even 
how do we die, but how do we live? How do we spend 
our lives? To live a long life is good, but, as Jesus clearly 
shows, to live long is not so important as to live well. 
"He is Alpha and Omega, he the Source, the 
Ending" (Hymn 104). 

Guy Wampler is senior pastor of Lancaster (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, and a former Annual Conference moderator (1987). 


20 Messenger January 1997 

Let's give 
the Great Physician 

a little help 

iBY James Benedict 


ealth care is changing in 

America, and not everyone 
likes it. As is typical with 
change, the voices shouting the loudest 
are those who are getting "pinched" by 
the changes — those who are facing 
more red tape, fewer choices, more 
costs, or less income. Changing some- 
thing as big and complex as our health 
care system is impossible without some 
squawking, even if the change is for 
the better. We'll have to wait to see if 
that's the case overall, but I do see at 
least one area where recent changes in 
health care seem to be an improve- 
ment: the emphasis on people taking 
greater responsibility for their own 
health and well-being. 

Accepting this is not always easy. 
In the last months of my mother's 
life, she and my father chose the 
option of home care. I was surprised 
when 1 visited to find that my father 
had been taught by the home health 
agency to carry out many aspects of 
her care that I expected a nurse to 
provide. He set up intravenous feed- 
ings, gave injections through a port, 
tested her blood sugar regularly, and 
kept extensive records of her weight 
and temperature. 

My own initial reaction was "This 
is too much. He can't be expected to 
do all this. Why can't we have a nurse 
for these tasks?" But to Dad's credit, 
he wanted to handle it himself and, as 
it turned out, he could. Mom proba- 
bly got better care than she would 
have with even the most caring full- 
time professional nursing service. 

I now realize my initial reaction 
was off base. It is important for us all 
to think about taking more responsi- 
bility for our own health care. And 1 
applaud the fact that more and more 
people are. 

As a pastor, I encourage the same 
kind of change in our approach to 
spiritual well being. Districts, 

denominations, and set-apart leaders 
are essential and they have an impor- 
tant role to play. But we can all 
benefit from an emphasis on taking a 
larger share of responsibility for our 
own spiritual health. 

Individual Christians can take con- 
trol of their spiritual diets, avoiding 
too much violence, sexual titillation, 
or glorification of material wealth in 
the television programs we watch and 
the books and magazines we read. We 
can go to worship and Sunday school 
regularly in order to feed on God's 

We can all benefit 

from an emphasis on 

takjng a larger share of 

responsibility for our 

own spiritual health. 

truth. We can stay away from places 
and activities that we know cause us 
to stumble. We can identify the habits 
that limit our spiritual growth, and, 
when necessary, take the initiative to 
seek out help. 

And Christians can do some self- 
assessment. We can ask ourselves, 
"Am I growing spiritually? Am I 
stronger in my faith than I was a year 
ago? If so, why? If not, why not? 
What could I change to improve 
myself spiritually?" 

This approach will require a shift 
in the way we look at ourselves and 
at our churches. Old patterns of 
dependency may prove hard to lay 
aside. Even our language will have to 
change. For example, perhaps 
instead of coming to worship expect- 

mg "to be fed," we will 
have to start coming to 
simply "eat." (And we 
may even want to think 
about sticking around afterward to 
help "do the dishes.") 

An emphasis on individuals accept- 
ing more responsibility and taking 
more initiative might strike some as 
contrary to the Brethren emphasis on 
community. But it has antecedents in 
Brethren tradition. For instance, one 
of the most worthy arguments 
Brethren made against the introduc- 
tion of Sunday schools was that they 
might undermine the parents' sense 
of responsibility for and their 
involvement in their own children's 
religious training. Of course, we 
eventually got Sunday schools 
anyway. The point is not to go back, 
but to acknowledge that the losing 
argument had some merit. 

Another example of emphasis on 
individual responsibility and initia- 
tive comes from the practice of 
anointing. Because early Brethren 
were very literal in their reading of 
scripture, the physical/spiritual 
health care practice of anointing was 
typically initiated only at the request 
of the one who was sick. After all. 
Brethren observed, the text reads, 
"Are any among you sick? They 
should call for the elders of the 
church .. ."(Jas. 5:14). 

It is time for all of us to think seri- 
ously about accepting more respon- 
sibility for our spiritual health. It is 
time for us to become partners with 
our pastors, our districts, and our 
denomination. If we do, not only will 
we likely become more healthy spiri- 
tually, but our churches, districts, 
and denomination will become more 
efficient (that is, better stewards). 
And the more efficient our institu- 
tions are, the more lives will be j-tji 
touched by the Great Physician, r^l 

lames Benedict is pastor of Troy (Ohio) 
Church of the Brethren. 

January 1997 Messenger 21 

In the three decades following 
1850, more than 30 Brethren 
publications exploded onto the 
scene. While Brethren were starting 
all these periodicals they were found- 
ing colleges, launching a foreign 
mission program, establishing Sunday 
schools, and creating so much contro- 
versy among themselves that splits 
opened up between those who 
abhorred change, those who were 
open to it but at a moderate pace, and 
those who said it wasn't coming fast 
enough. Publishing was the engine 
that drove all these changes. 

As this activity settled down and the 
Brethren began to organize it, the 
central institutions we know today 
began to form, starting with publish- 
ing. In 1997 we celebrate the 100th 
anniversary of that beginning when 
the Brethren took ownership of the 
Brethren Publishing House. Two 
years later they moved it to Elgin, 111., 
and began what we know today as our 
General Offices. 

To begin the story we have to go back 
to the early 1880s. By 
1883, the three-way divi- 
sion was behind the 
Brethren. The middle 
body that would become 
the Church of the 
Brethren was regroup- 
ing. Many of those 
30-plus publications had 
failed or had been 
merged into others, and 
two main weekly papers 
remained. One was pub- 
lished in Mount Morris, 
111., and was called The Brethren at 
Work. The other was published in 
Huntingdon, Pa., and was called 
Primitive Christian. Both were pri- 
vately owned. In 1883, Annual 
Meeting advised the owners to con- 
solidate the two ventures. They 
agreed, and the Brethren's Publishing 
Company was created, with offices in 
both Illinois and Pennsylvania. The 
two weeklies were merged into one, 
named The Gospel Messenger which 
continues to this day as Messenger. 

the Thirty 
Years War 

BY James H. Lehman 

In 1897, after three decades of controversy, 

confusion, divisions, and rancor. Annual 

Meeting was eager to establish a voice of unity 

in the brotherhood. Taking ownership of the 

Brethren's Publishing Company and locating it 

in just the right city were the girders for 

building a bridge to the 20th century. 

The men involved in this merger were 
among the leaders in the brotherhood. 
James Quinter on the Pennsylvania side, 
long-time editor and educator was one 
of the preeminent elders of the latter 
half of the century. The Brumbaugh 
brothers, H. B. and J. B., also Pennsyl- 
vanians, were leaders in the early 
education movement and founders of 
Juniata College. Amick on the Illinois 
side was a very able businessman and 
leader in Northern Illinois District. 

The other Illinoisan, D. L. Miller, 

D.L Miller, a wheeler-dealer in the best 
sense of the word, was the pivotal 
figure in persuading the 1897 Annual 
Meeting to take possession of the 
Brethren's Publishing Company. 

was the most interesting of the 
group. Miller would be to the 
decades at the turn of the century 
what Quinter had been to the previ- 
ous half-century. He had made his 
money in the grocery business in 
Polo, 111. Without training as writer, 
editor, or publisher, he bought with 
Amick the nearly defunct Brethren 
at Work, and turned it into an inter- 
esting and financially successful 
publication. As the years passed, the 
Illinois office would become the 
stronger side of the merged com- 
pany, because of Amick's business 
acumen and Miller's gifts as busi- 
nessman, promoter, apologist, 
organizer, writer, and editor. 
Miller's money also played a role, 
both because it enabled him to fund 
new ventures and because it freed 
him from requiring 
a salary. 

This was the cast of 
characters that ran the 
Brethren's Publishing 
Company as a private 
stock company, and 
reaped personal divi- 
dends from its 
profitability. But they 
really saw themselves 
as working for the 
church and they 
agreed to keep The 
Gospel Messenger and the other books 
and materials they published in line 
with Annual Meeting, which wanted to 
end the controversy and division of the 
past 30 years and provide a voice of 
unity in the brotherhood. 

From the very beginning, though, 
D. L. Miller thought the brotherhood 
ought to own the Brethren's Publish- 
ing Company. He proposed this as 
early as the 1883 Annual Meeting, 
when his minority report was turned 
down by the delegates. Again in 1888 

22 Messenger January 1997 

land 1890, church ownership was 
considered and rejected. Miller's 
determination grew. After that 1890 
Annual Meeting, the company was 
reorganized and incorporated under 
Illinois law, and Miller insisted on an 
agreement that anytime the church 
was ready to take over the stock it 
should be surrendered at its par 
value of $ 1 00 a share. 

In 1893, the General Church Erec- 
tion and Missionary Committee, 
which supervised mission work, and 
the Brethren's Book and Tract Work, 
iwhich distributed books, pamphlets, 
land other materials were consolidated 
as the General Missionary and Tract 
Committee (GM&TC). Miller was a 
member of this new committee, as was 
his brother-in-law Galen B. Royer. 

In the Annual Meeting report 
establishing the GM&TC, among the 
stated purposes of the new committee 
\\ ere the following: "to assist in . . . 
publishing and distributing printed 
matter . . . and, when suitable arrange- 
ments can be made and wisdom 
dictates, to own and control all the 
publishing interests of the church." 

Because of his interest in mission 
and also because of his native curios- 
ity. Miller began to travel abroad in 
the early 1890s. After each trip, he 
returned and wrote a book sprinkled 
with strange and appealing photos of 
faraway places. The rural, still largely 
uneducated, stay-at-home Brethren 
were fascinated by images of this 
plaincoated, bearded elder in exotic 
scenes, and his books became 
Brethren bestsellers. 

Despite these new ideas and 
changes, the Brethren in the 1890s 
still did not have a denominational 
headquarters, still had no professional 
staff, still had no church-owned pub- 
lishing work, still had few central 
institutions beyond the General Mis- 
sionary and Tract Committee and a 
few other nascent committees. But 
this was about to change. 

Already in 1894, the GM&TC had 
a subcommittee on location looking 
into a place for permanent offices. 

Galen B. Royer occupied a corner of a large, cluttered room of the new publishing house 
in Elgin, III. The framed 1901 poster on the wall shows 1877 Annual Meeting leaders 
fames Quinter. D.P. Saylen and R.H. Miller Royer as D.L. Miller's brother-in-law 
and fellow member of the General Missionary and Tract Committee, and as Brethren 
Publishing House bookkeeper, played a key role in the drama of 1897-1899. 

Chicago was considered and rejected 
because of cost. The GM&TC was 
temporarily lodged at Mount Morris. 
This, of course, was where the 
Brethren's Publishing Company was 
and where D. L. Miller lived. 

In May 1896, the GM&TC employed 
elder Daniel Vaniman as "general trav- 
eling secretary." The Brethren's 
Publishing Company was 
already using this same 
Daniel Vaniman as its own 
"traveling secretary," or 
sales representative. As 
early as March that year 
it too was discussing 
moving its offices. 

Vaniman was well- 
suited for the job of 
traveling across the 
brotherhood, promot- 
ing the Publishing 
Company's materials, rais- 
ing money, and recruiting 
missionaries for the GM&TC 
He was a teacher, writer, church 
worker, and Annual Meeting 
moderator, known for his plain lan- 
guage, clear thinking, and spare 
writing style. He had helped set up 
the committee structure that became 
the GM&TC. As a fundraiser, he 
could raise thousands of dollars 
without using pressure. 

So the elements for central institu- 


tions were forming — committees, 
staff, funds, location, but Annual 
Meeting was slow to act. The Brethren 
were reluctant to assume ownership of 
the publishing work because they were 
not sure they could raise the money; 
they were afraid it would be managed 
poorly under the church; and they 
wondered if the Publishing 
Company's vaunted prof- 
itability was real. 

Finally, D. L. Miller 
took matters into his 
own hands. He wrote 
about this many years 
later: "In 1896, on 
my return from my 
trip around the world, 
1 called bro. Vaniman 
and suggested to him 
a plan to turn over the 
Publishing House to the 
church without asking 
the church for a dollar." 
Miller agreed to set 
Vaniman apart and turn over to the 

General Missionary and Tract 
Committee $26,000. Vaniman would 
raise by donation the additional 
$24,000 needed to buy the rest of the 
stock at par ($ 1 00 per share) . In just 
a few months Vaniman raised these 
funds from more than 40 donors. 

The donations were in the form of 
annuities paying six percent interest 

January 1997 Messenger 23 

The Brethren Publishing House in Elgin was built in 1899. It would soon be enlarged 
to more than three times this size, including a fourth floor. Proximity to a railway line 
was important. The sign on the train station behind the building reads "West Elgin. " 
The Publishing House property was sold when the Brethren moved to Dundee Avenue 
in 1959. The old building burned in 1991. and the site is now occupied by a strip mall. 

during the life of the donor and then 
reverting to the church at the donor's 
death. Like Miller, other stockholders 
were among the donors, in effect 
donating money to the church to buy 
their own stock. Even stockholders 
who were not donors were making a 
contribution because the company was 
paying large dividends and could have 
commanded twice the per-share price. 

At the meetings of the GM&TC 
beginning on September 28, 1896, 
arrangements for the transfer to the 
church were made. A prospectus was 
drawn up indicating the organiza- 
tion, the leadership, even the salaries 
of the "Publication Department" of 
the GM&TC. An executive commit- 
tee was named. Profits would be paid 
to the GM&TC to support the 
church's mission work. 

A lengthy announcement was 
placed in The Gospel Messenger for 
October 10, 1896, reporting the 
ownership plan, citing growing senti- 
ment in favor of church ownership, 
arguing that the cost of purchasing 
the publishing company had been the 
biggest obstacle, saying that "God 
put it into the hearts of the owners 
and others ... to make liberal dona- 
tions of money and stock," and 
justifying the action by quoting from 
that 1893 Annual Meeting report. 

On March 31, 1897, at the end of 
the Brethren's Publishing Company's 

fiscal year, the transfer was made. On 
April 1, the GM&TC assumed own- 
ership on behalf of the church. The 
name would be Brethren Publishing 
House. All this was accomplished two 
months before Annual Meeting, with- 
out the body's approval 

Although the leaders of the 
GM&TC thought the 1893 Annual 
Meeting had given them the authority, 
they were taking a risk — raising and 
paying out money, establishing annu- 
ities, and making the transfer legal. 
What would they do if Annual Meet- 
ing said no? The minutes and 
accounts of these actions do not tell 
us much. Church ownership had been 
rejected before. Why not check it out 
again with Annual Meeting? Why, if 
the GM&TC thought it had been 
given the authority in 1893, did it 
wait three years to act? Maybe Miller 
and others had a keen sense of timing. 
Maybe they knew the time was right, 
that "wisdom" now "dictated." Maybe 
Miller knew he had put together an 
offer the Brethren couldn't refuse. 

But some of the members of the 
GM&TC were not so confident. At 
their meeting on May 3 1 , just before 
Annual Meeting began, they made a 
special request that Miller "explain 
the transfer to Standing Committee 
and Conference." But their anxieties 
were groundless. Miller had read the 
Brethren right. Galen B. Royer, look- 

ing back 20 years later, wrote, "Some 

entertained fears of objections 

But in that large delegate body there 
was but one dissenting vote." Look- 
ing back himself from later years, 
Miller wrote, "This delegate favored 
the plan but his congregation had 
instructed him to vote against it." 

Now that the mission committee 
and publishing company were one, 
they turned their attention to the 
question of location. Though the 
needs of the Publishing House were 
the first consideration, the location's 
suitability for the GM&TC and other 
church offices must have been on 
their minds too. The mission com- 
mittee's secretary, Galen B. Royer, 
was one of the leaders of the search. 

At its February 14, 1898, meeting, 
the GM&TC decided to make 
Chicago the "commercial center," 
meaning the offices and plant would 
be near the city. This eliminated sev- 
eral Indiana locations that had already 
been under discussion: Muncie, Fort 
Wayne, Lafayette, and Huntington. 
The following cities remained under 
consideration: Goshen, Elkhart, and 
South Bend in Indiana, and Downers 
Grove, Naperville, Polo, and Mount 
Morris in Illinois. 

By October, interest had shifted 
to two Indiana cities not on the 
earlier lists: Walkerton and 
Plymouth. On October 12, members 
of a GM&TC subcommittee visited 
Walkerton and ruled it out. The next 
day they went to Plymouth, a town of 
4,200 located 85 miles from Chicago 
on the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, & 
Chicago Railroad, the Lake Erie & 
Western Line, and the Vandalia Line. 
They liked what they saw, and took 
action to make it their site, subject to 
the following conditions: "1. What 
favors from the railroads, 2. Options 
for plant sites, 3. Options for church 
sites, 4. Social standing, 5. Relation 
to adjoining congregations." 

On October 18, this subcommittee 
of the GM&TC made a proposition to 
the city of Plymouth asking for the 
following: " 1 . A bonus of $5,000 with 

24 Messenger January 1997 

pproved security . . . , 2. Electric light, 
/ater, and sewage on the side of the 

round " The proposal contained 

wo further conditions: "This propo- 
dtion shall be subject to the aid given 
ly the Northern District of Indiana 
nd the approval of the General Mis- 
ionary and Tract Committee." 

The leaders of Plymouth were 
nterested in the Brethren. Joseph 
Iwindell, of the Business Men's 
association, wrote to Galen B. Royer 
ater in the month saying, "The Com. 
eels much encouraged and there is a 
ery fair prospect of raising the 
mount." In November, Royer 
eceived a letter dated the 22nd from 
). Frank Redd, who was secretary of 
he Association and principal of the 
ligh school, reading, "We have 
ecured the subscription. It was a 
evere struggle, but still the people 
lave responded liberally, and with 
he best of feeling. We will immedi- 
itely proceed to put the subscription 
n such a legal shape that it may be 
ecured with approval by you. I will 
vrite more fully in a few days." 

The deal seemed a sure thing. But 
esistance was developing. The district 
vas willing to give $ 1 0,000 if the site 
vere in Goshen, Elkhart, or South 
iend, but not in Plymouth. Royer 
nused in a communication to 
jM&TC members, "If that is the sen- 
iment of Northern Indiana, then I am 
vondering if we had better locate in 
he district whatever." 

On January 10, 1899, the GM&TC 
net at Mount Morris College. The 
ninutes carry this cryptic note: "Loca- 
ion of office was thoroughly discussed 
ill forenoon." In the afternoon session, 
he committee members tabled the 
eport of the subcommittee that had 
asited Plymouth. They turned their 
nterest to an Illinois site and reaf- 
irmed their decision that it should be 
n Chicago's orbit, within 100 miles. 
Then in the evening they took action 
designed to get the process moving. 

They appointed a new "investigat- 
ng" committee of five men and gave it 
ull authority: " 1 . To select a location, 
I. To close the contract, 3. To raise the 

necessary funds for location, building, 
and moving of plant, 4. To turn same 
over to the Executive Committee of 
the Brethren Publishing House," to 
whom special duties were given "to 
erect building and move plant." 

On lanuary 50, the investigating 
committee met at the Windsor 
Hotel in Chicago. It decided to 
solicit donations and issue annuity 
bonds and to borrow money for tempo- 
rary operating funds. And then a city 
never before mentioned in any corre- 
spondence or minute suddenly came 
into consideration. Minutes of that Jan- 
uary 30 meeting were hastily scribbled 
on small sheets of note paper. Even 
though they were later copied into the 
minute book, the originals were pre- 
served and carefully glued into the 
book. The notes read, "That we make 
Elgin, 111., our first choice of location 
and seek to secure a site there." 

Since Elgin has now been our head- 
quarters for nearly 100 years, and 
especially since there presently are 
discussions about moving the General 
Offices somewhere else, it would be 
helpful to know why church leaders 
settled on Elgin. We know some of the 
reasons: Like Plymouth, Ind., it had 
railroads and was inside the 100-mile 
radius of Chicago. It was near Mount 
Morris, which would make moving 
the Publishing House easier. It too 
had businessmen who wanted to lure 
new ventures to the city. 

But Elgin's offer was not as good 
as Plymouth's and there was no talk 
of help from the district. And why 
wasn't Elgin on those earlier lists? 
The GM&TC and the Publishing 
House had been planning this move 
carefully, with much thought and 
deliberate investigation. Now all of a 
sudden they settled on a city they 
had never investigated, and they con- 
cluded the deal overnight. 

And it was overnight. They met the 
next day, Feb. 1, in Elgin, and made 
the following offer to the city: "We 
propose to give you $6,000 in cash 
for the Fitzgerald property now 
owned by Mr. Lord and erect a 

building suitable for a printing plant 
thereon, within nine months from 
date on condition: 1st. That you give 
us $3,000 as a cash bonus, 2nd. That 
you secure a switch from the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway 
Co. running along the east end of the 
south half of said ground." On Feb- 
ruary 2, in the Merchants Hotel on 
Douglas Street, Joseph Amick and 
Galen B. Royer closed the deal. 

In April, Galen B. Royer moved his 
family to Elgin, opening an office in 
a private room belonging to William 
Grote, business promoter, former 
mayor, one of the men responsible 
for the deal. During the summer, a 
three-story brick building was 
erected on the site, 22 South State 
Street. By September 1899 it was 
finished, and the printing plant, its 
workers, and their families were 
moved from Mount Morris. A new 
congregation, the present Highland 
Avenue Church of the Brethren, was 
founded in October in a room at the 
new offices. E. C. Alft, Elgin histo- 
rian, wrote in his 1984 book Elgin: 
An American History, "West side res- 
idents grew accustomed to seeing the 
newcomers' somber clothes, the 
women in black bonnets and the men 
in black hats with wide brims." 

And so that's how the church took 
ownership of its own publishing com- 
pany 100 years ago, placed it in Elgin, 
111., and planted the seed for our 
denominational headquarters. After 
letting the publishing work and the 
many other initiatives it engendered 
develop on their own, the church sud- 
denly moved to accept them and 
center them in an office site. This was 
typical of the Brethren of that era — 
deliberating long and carefully, 
counting the cost, moving too slowly 
for some, then taking sudden, deci- 
sive, even bold action. They knew 
how to take their time, and they rrr 
knew when to act. r^ 

lames H. Lehman is a member of Highland 
Avenue Church of the Brethren. Elgin. 111. He is 
a historian, as well as a writer of children's 
books. His most recent book is The Owl and 
the Tuba. 

January 1997 Messenger 25 

If I were to 

name one mistake 

that Christians 

maice more often 

than any other 

mistaice, it would 

be to respond to 

the pain of others 

with "smiley face 



by Robin Wentworth Mayer 

I said I'd never do it. 
I said it looked termi- 
nally boring. I said it was an 
activity that promoted nar- 
cissism, not fitness. I said 1 
preferred the open roads of 
jogging to the sweat shops 
of weight training. 

In spite of all that, 1 
joined a "fitness center" 
hoping that an exercise 
routine that required nei- 
ther daylight nor decent 
weather would better 
accommodate my schedule. 

There is a weight machine 
called the Rotary Torture ... I 
mean Rotary Torso. To use 
it, you sit down, grasp the 
handle, keep your arms and 
bottom half stationary while 
you use your inner and outer 
oblique muscles (that's 
"midriff bulge" in layman's 
terms) to move the handle 
from side to side as far as 

When this is done properly, 
the upper half of your body 
moves in a steady sweep of 
almost 180 degrees. This 
means that if you don't keep 
your eyes focused on a fixed 
spot, you will get dizzy and 
light-headed from a room 
that appears to be swirling 
by. The logical thing to look 
at is the bar in front of your 
face, since it moves with you. 

Some joker long ago 
decided to stick a "smiley 
face" on that bar. Maybe 
that sounds to you like a 
nice touch. But for someone 
sweating and struggling 

through several dozen gru- 
eling repetitions, a smiley 
face seems to mock, rather 
than encourage. 

If I were to name one mis- 
take that Christians make 
more often than any other 
mistake, it would be to 
respond to the pain of others 
with "smiley face theology": 

"Your mother died? 
Cheer up. She's with the 
Lord now." 

"You had a miscarriage? 
'Well, at least you're young 
enough to have another 

"You didn't get the job? 
lust remember that when 
God closes a door he opens 
a window." 

"Your husband has 
cancer? You know that God 
doesn't give us anything we 
can't handle." 

"Your 'ex' just got mar- 
ried? There'll be someone 
for you too." 

"Your son's been arrested? 
Don't forget that all things 
work together for the good 
of those who love God." 

I like the Living Bible's 
rendering of Proverbs 25:20: 
"Being happy-go-lucky 
around a person whose heart 
is heavy is as bad as stealing 
his jacket in cold weather, or 
rubbing salt in his wounds." 

lust yesterday, I spoke with 
a dear sister in my congrega- 
tion who has had more 
surgeries and debilitating 
complications in the last 1 5 
years than most people would 
have in 1 5 lifetimes. She had 
returned from the doctor. 

who, predictably, had found 
something else wrong. As she 
talked, I listened. So deep is 
her pain, so unrelenting is 
her suffering, that I knew no 
words adequate to alleviate 
them. After a few minutes she 
thanked me, said she always 
felt better after talking to me, 
and hung up. 

It is very important to un- 
derscore that I said ab- 
solutely nothing of any con- 
sequence to her. I bestowed 
no words of wisdom. I ap- 
plied no clinical expertise. I 
quoted no scripture. I gave 
no advice. I offered no solu- 
tions. I just listened. 

When people are suffering, 
"smiley face theology" makes 
a mockery of their pain. 
They do not need someone 
trying to "solve" their prob- 
lems or "cheer them up." 
They just need someone to 
listen and to acknowledge 
that their problems are real 
and their pain is valid. 

A few days ago at the gym 
I sat down at the Rotary 
Torso and realized I appar- 
ently have a kindred spirit: 
That smiley face had been 
ripped off. Which 
made me smile. 


Robin Wentworth Mayer is 
pastor of Kokomo (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a column offer- 
ing suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said in 
her first installment. "Remember 
when it comes to managittg life s diffi- 
culties, we don 't need to walk on 
water We just need to learn where the 
stepping stones are. " 

26 Messenger January 1997 

"If the Board's energy is focused too 
heavily on the life of congregations, 
we may end up not sustaining them 
or the vitality of the denomination. 

Focusing on self-survival 

\s a former general secretary and as 
iomeone involved directly in the life 
of the General Board during half of 
ts history (1952-1977), I read about 
•edesign and restructure with much 
nterest (December, pages 6-9). The 
Dctober actions, which begin to show 
he shape of things to come, prompt 
Tiy reflections and comments. 

A staff approach that utilizes a core 
staff at headquarters, with a few staff 

clusters in regional centers, is innova- 
tive. Success for that requires, 
however, a high level of staff flexibility, 
as well as maximum use of the latest 
high-tech communications. Unless 
there is full participation of all staff in 
basic program thrusts, the motivation 
that can be generated in a central staff 
may be seriously diminished. 

The unity or wholeness of the Gen- 
eral Board's ministry may be weakened 
by creating a somewhat independent 
representative agency (a Mission Plan- 

ning Committee) that secures its finan- 
cial support from a designated 
Emerging Missions Fund. This may 
tend to reduce the level of motivation 
for the total ministry of the Board. 

I get the impression that the focus 
of the three major areas (Program, 
Leadership, and Finance) is primar- 
ily on the life of the congregation. 
(Remember that ministers and other 
leaders of congregations are versed 
in the nature of the church's mis- 
sion.) Obviously, it is essential to 
have vital congregations to sustain 
our denominational life. But if the 
Board's energy is focused too heavily 
on the life of congregations, we may 
end up not sustaining them or the 
vitality of the denomination. 

It is dangerous to pay too much 

/(nTii^ctv Ccnlci^ ^cmlnai^s ^c^ 1997 

The Andrew Center has planned a full schedule of seminars and teaching church events for 1997. Please note the 
schedule below and plan to attend one in your area. Brochures will be sent to all pastors, witness and nurture com- 
mittees of each congregation in the Church of the Brethren, and to pastors in each partner denomination. 
For more information, call The Andrew Center's toll-free number, (800) 774-3360. 


1. February 1, 1997 

Fred Bernhard: "Hospitality and the Vital Church" - First 
Mennonite Church, Upland, Calif. 

2. April 5, 1997 

Jim Moss:"Does Your Church Really Care?" - Boise, Idaho area 

3. April 12, 1997 

Jim Moss: "Does Your Church Really Care?" - Sunnyside 
Church of the Brethren, New Creek, W. Va. 

4. April 19, 1997 

Paul Mundey: "Unlocking Church Doors: Ten Keys to Posi- 
tive Change" - Lititz Mennonite Church, Lititz, Pa. 

5. April 19, 1997 

Fred Bernhard: "Hospitality and the Vital Church" - Clarence 
Center, Akron Mennonite Church, Akron, N.Y 

6. April 26, 1997 

Steve Clapp: "Reaching Out to Young Families" - Prince of 
Peace Church of the Brethren, Kettering, Ohio 

7. May 3, 1997 

Paul Mundey: "Unlocking Church Doors: Ten Keys to Posi- 
tive Change" - Harrisonburg Mennonite Church, 
Harrisonburg, Va. 

8. September 20, 1997 

Fred Bernhard: "Hospitality and the Vital Church" - Fred- 
erick Church of the Brethren, Frederick, Md. 

9. September 20, 1997 

Steve Clapp: "Personal Faith Sharing" - Antelope Park 
Church of the Brethren, Lincoln, Neb. 

10. October 11, 1997 

Steve Clapp: "Building Congregational Self-esteem and 
Outreach" - Central Pennsylvania area 

11. October 18, 1997 

Steve Clapp: "Reaching Out to Young Families" - Battle 
Creek Church of the Brethren, Battle Creek, Mich. 

12. October 25, 1997 

Fred Bernhard: "Hospitality and the Vital Church" - 
Normal Mennonite Church, Normal, III. 

13. November 8, 1997 

Steve Clapp: "Building Congregational Self-esteem and 
Outreach" - First Brethren Church, North Manchester, Ind. 

14. November 8, 1997 

Jim Moss: "Integrating New Members: - South Hutchinson 
Mennonite Church, Hutchinson, Kan. 

Teaching Churches: 

I.February 1, 1997 

"Reaching Baby Boomers" - Cape Christian Fellowship, Cape 
Coral, Fla. 

2. November 15, 1997 

"Developing Neighborhood Ministries" - Belmont Mennonite 
Church, Elkhart, Ind. 

January 1997 Messenger 27 

attention to self-survival. We need a 
creative balance between the needs 
of congregations and the needs of 
the world. 

The church exists "for the sake of 
the world," not for "its own sake." 
And there are plenty of problems "in 
the world" to which the gospel speaks. 

I hope this can be more evident as 

the redesigning and restructuring of 
the General Board goes forward. 

S. Loren Bowman 
La Verne, Calif. 

A bright new format 

Congratulations on Messenger's 
bright new format observable in 

Because You Need 

Protection You Can 

Count On 

W hen a fire broke out at Elkhart City 
Church of the Brethren in Elkhart, Indiana, 
many members wondered how long it would 
be before they could worship there again. 
But they were about to experience a 
wonderful surprise. 

''Mutual Aid was right there when we 
needed them," says Ted Noffsinger, who 
supervised the reconstruction. "The approach 
I saw was, 'We have a policyholder with a 
problem. Let's do what we can, as fast as we 
can, to get him back in business.'" 

If that's the protection you 'd like to experience, then 
you should know Mutual Aid Association also offers 
homeowner's insurance at very competitive rates. To 
find out more, return the bind-in card in this issue of 
Messenger, or call us now. 



Mutual Aid Association 

Church of the Brethren 

3094 Jeep Rd • Abilene, KS 67410 

Protection you can depend on from 
Brethren you trust. Since 1885. 

recent issues. Together with the con- 
tinued solid content of articles, news, 
and editorial comment, it makes an 
attractive and stimulating package. 

When compared to periodicals 
of other denominations, it ranks 
high — even superior to most. The 
new makeup of the journal should 
retain previous subscribers and at- 
tract new ones. 

Thank you for this improvement. 

Don Durnbaugh 
fames Creek. Pa. 

(Thanks. We are happy to report 
that subscriptions have increased 
monthly since last spring. — Ed.) 

Thoughts on infallibility 

I truly believe that God's Word is 
infallible. But is the Bible thereby 
infallible? Were those who gave us 
that book infallible in their under- 
standing and interpretation of that 
Word? Or were they only helpless 
tools in God's hands? 

I do not hold to either of these 
extremes. I feel the same about the 
infallibility of the early Christians 
and their understanding of Christ's 
life, works, and teaching. 

I do not belittle those early saints. I 
believe the Bible is our best source of 
guidance for our sojourn here. 

I also believe that God reveals his 
will for us — individually and corpo- 
rately — as we are able and willing to 
receive it. No, I am not an unbe- 
liever. I strongly believe that the 
Bible is God inspired. 

But if, in order to remain in good 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them in 
the same spirit with which differing opinions are expressed 
in face-to-face conversatioru. 

Letters should he brief concise, and respectful of the 
opinions of others. Preference is given to letters that respond 
directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We will not consider any letter that comes to us 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, the 
writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, I L 60120. 

28 Messenger January 1997 

tanding, I were required to affirm a 
lelief in the Bible's infallibiity, I 
:ould not do so honestly. For me, 
hat would be affirming a belief in 
he infallibiility of the humans 
involved in the transmission of the 

Nor am I passing judgment on 
)thers' beliefs. I am merely stating 
ny position. 

Emma B. Dillon 
Greenville. Ohio 

^ow sweet and sour 

was excited by the October and 
Niovember Messengers. David Rad- 
iliff's article, "Trick or Treat?" 
October, page 13) — although it 
;ould have been deepened and 
)roadened — is the first instance I 
lave seen of a Christian publication 
iealing with some of these negative 
jffects and deeper cultural questions 
hat impact Christian missionaries 
md intercultural activities. 

The two-part church burnings arti- 
;le by Anthony Walton (October, 
)age 16; November, page 12) was 
;xcellent — sensitizing without being 

I have often faulted Messenger for 
)eing a little too sweet. Here's 
loping it will carry more in-depth 
irticles in the future. I am not of 
'Our faith, but I continue to read 
our magazine with interest, and its 
ipecial slant is important in my life. 

Joanne Greenberg 
Golden. Colo. 

(Joanne Greenberg. author of \ 
viever Promised You a Rose Garden 
ind other novels and stories, spoke 
It the 1994 Messenger Dinner in 
Vichita. She is of the Jewish faith. 

! assume no responsibility 

don't share Gerald Grouse's enthu- 
siasm for Promise Keepers 

November, page 20). And I don't 
mderstand how he can conclude that 
iphesians 5: 21-33 is "clearly . ..a 
:all for husbands to assume respon- 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to 
]oel Kaiiffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one 
time use. $10 for second strip in same issue. $ 10 for congregations. 

TMIS ^Aler^AT ^E A 



Statement of Ownership 
Management and Circulation 

(Required by 39 U.S.C. 3685) 


Publication No. 340-760 

January 1, 1997 

Publislned monthly 

No. of issues publislied annually 1 1 

Annual subscription price $16.50 

1451 Dundee Ave., Kane County 

Elgin, IL 60120 

9. Names and addresses of Publisher, Editor and Managing Editor are: 
Publisher Dale Minnich, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; Editor, Kermon 
Thomasson, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; Managing Editor, Nevin 
Dulabaum, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

10. Owner: Church of the Brethren General Board, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
Kane County, Illinois. 

1 1 . Known bondholders, mortgagees, and other security holders owning or 
holding one percent or more of total amounts of bonds, mortgages or other 
securities — none. 

12. For completion by nonprofit organizations authorized to mail at special 
rates — does not apply. 

13. Publication name: Messenger. 

14. Issue date for circulation date below: January 1997. 

15. Extent and nature of circulation. 

Average no. copies Actual no. copies of 
each issue during single issue published 
preceding 1 2 months nearest to filing date. 

A. Total no. copies printed (Net Press Run) 

B. Paid and/or requested circulation 

1 . Sales through dealers, carriers, street 
vendors, and counter sales 

2. Mail subscription 

C. Total paid and/or requested circulation 

D. Free distribution by mail. 

E. Free distribution outside of the mail. 
F Total free distribution. 

G. Total distribution 

H. Copies not distributed 

I. Total (sumof 15G & 15H) 

















16. This statement of ownership will be printed in the October issue. 

1 7. I certify that the statements furnished on this form are correct and complete. 

Dale Minnich, Publisher 

January 1997 Messenger 29 

call (800) 525-80391^ ext. 247 
Ask for Vicki. 

in Prayer 

Daily prayer guide: 

Sunday: Your congregation's ministries 

Monday: Annual Conference officers 

Tuesday: General Board and staff 

Wednesday: District executives, 

Bethany Seminary, colleges 

and university 
Thursday: General Services 

Friday: Parish Ministries 
Saturday: World Ministries 

January prayer concerns: 

Congregation: New energy in the life 
of the local church; Ecumenical 
Sunday, fan. 19; Week of Prayer for 
Christian Unity, Jan. 18-25. 

Annual Conference: Nominating 
Committee; Review and Evaluation 
Committee; Moderator-elect Jimmy 
Ross' trip to Nigeria, (an. 25-Feb. 10 
(Merv Keeney, Bonnie Kline Smeltzer, 
and Kathy Hess going, too). 

General Board: Staff Consultation, 
)an. 15-15. 

Districts and Colleges: CODE, )an 

12-13; January interim studies; 
Academy for Ministry Training at 
Bethany Seminary, |an 6-10. 

General Services: Personnel issues 
during "redesign." 

Parish Ministries: ABC/OEPA spon- 
sored trip to South Africa, Jan. 
24-Feb. 6. 

World Ministries: BVS unit 224 ori- 
entation; SERRV study team — Bonnie 
Kline Smeltzer, Rogers Fike, Charles 
Layman, and Bob Chase. 

30 Messenger January 1997 

sibility for the spiritual well-being of 
their wives." 

My wife and I are accountable to 
each other as life partners and as dis- 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Kulp Bible College, Nigeria 

Teacher, Begin mid- 1997 

Are you sensing God's call to 
ministry in Africa? 

A seminary-trained instructor is 
needed for this important church 
leadership development institution 
in Nigeria. 

For more information call 

Mervin Keeney. 

Africa/ Middle East Representative 


ciples of Christ, but for me to 
assume responsibility for her spiri- 
tual well-being, or her for mine, 
would be to treat each other as chil- 
dren, unable to make decisions for 

If Promise Keepers produces a 
higher level of integrity and respon- 
sibility in men, fine. Participation in 
such a program, however, is not 
equivalent to being Christian. I lis- 
tened to a radio program of a rally in 
which tens of thousands of men in a 
stadium cheered the assertion of 
authority over their wives. It sent a 
chill down my spine. 

There are plenty of us who are 
committed to being disciples of 
Christ, but who choose not to sub- ■ 
scribe to cultural stereotypes in 
which men lead and women follow. 

Lee Krdhenbiihl 
Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Classified Ads 


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nished, with a swimming pool. Located in Sebring, Fla. 
For info., contact Isabel Mattingiy, 555 SE Lakeview, 
Apt, 110, Sebring, FL 33870, Tel. (941) 385-0852, 

Biography. ,4 Dunker Boy Becomes Ecumenical: 
Adveiiiiires Toward Skituntx. The experiences of the 
family of Bernard Nathan & Ella Baugher King, between 
1930 & 1996, More than 200 pages of illuminating info, 
concerning prominent educator-minister in life of the 
Church of the Brethren. Covers historic & changing 
period between World War I and present, Elmer Q, 
Gleim, book editor Hard bound, maroon color, & 
mdexed. Price S20, plus 11.25 mailing cost. Contact 
Bernard N. King, 109-C Faith Drive, New Oxford, PA 
17350, Tel, (717)624-4021. 

Cincinnati Area— Stonelick Church of the Brethren 
invites Brethren in Cincinnati area to worship. Located 
on Rt, 727 at Stonelick State Park, east of 1-275 belt- 
way, Milford exit. Contact Gene Grossnickle, tel. (513) 

Shalom Church of the Brethren, a new & growing 
fellowship in Durham, N,C,, invites Brethren moving 
to Research Triangle area (Raleigh, Durham, Chapel 
Hill) to worship w/ us. Eager to provide moving assis- 
tance (unloading, childcare, area info,) for those 
relocating to area. For info,, contact: Fellowship, RO, 
Box 15607, Durham, NC 27704, Tel, (919) 490-6422. 
E-mail, ShalomCOB@AOL,COM, 

China adventure featuring Yangtze River cruise, Aug, 
4-19, 1997, (S3, 189) Visit Narita in Japan. Shanghai, 
Wuhan, Shashi, Badong, Wanxian, Chongquing, Xian 
in China, Travel on cruise ship on the Yangtze River 

stopping at various cities & ports. In Beijing, walk the 
largest 'wonder of the worid — the Great Wall of China. 
Also, visit Tian'Anmen Square, & much more, Wendell 
& Joan Bohrer invite you to share this great experi- 
ence w/ them. For info, & brochure, write: 8520 Royal 
Meadow Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46217. Tel, or Fax. 
(317) 882-5067, 

European Heritage Tour, July 12-26, 1997. Visit 
scenic sites of Anabaptist, Pietist & Brethren signifi- 
cance in Switzeriand, France, Germany & Netheriands. 
Sponsored by Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc., and the 
Brethren Historical Committee, $2,490 from New York 
(JFK). For complete brochure contact: Don Durn- 
baugh, P,O.B. 484, James Creek, PA 16657, Tel./Fax. 
(814) 658-3222. 

Panama Canal Cruise— 15 days, Apr 20-May5, 
1997, By air to Fort Lauderdale, then by Princess Cruise 
Liner stopping at 3 ports en route to Panama Canal, 
After the canal, visit 4 ports on Pacific Coast of Mexico 
prior to sailing to San Diego & flying home. For details, 
contact Dr Wayne F Geisert, Box 40, Bridgewater Col- 
lege, Bridgewater, VA 22812. Tel, (540) 828-5494 or 
(540) 433-I433, Inquire now— limited space. 

Tour the People's Republic of China including 4- 
day Yangtze River cruise to area where worid's largest 
dam is being built; also visit Hong Kong. 16 days, June 
24-July 9, 1997. Leave from & return to Los Angeles, 
Calif For details, contact President Emeritus Wayne E 
Geisert (or tour co-host, Dr Bradley K, Geisert), Box 
40, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA 22812. Tel. 
(540) 828-5494 or (540) 433-1433. Inquire now-lim- 
ited space, 


Seeking The Diaiy of John Kline. Send condition and 
the price wanted to Bonita H, McNaull, 699, County 
Rd, 1775, R #6, Ashland. OH 448O5, 

[urniM foiiits 


<ote: Congregations are asked 
3 submit only the names of 
ctual new members ot the 
enomination. Do not include 
ames of people who have 
merely transferred their metn- 
ership from another Church of 
le Brethren congregation. 

igape. S. Ind.: Angie & Jeff 

!lover Creek, Mid. Pa. loshua 

Banaszak; lamie Bechtel; 

Annie. Ben, Debbie & fim 

Byler; [im Caporuscio; 

Shawn DilHng: Shana 

Doutt: Amy & Lisa Estep; 

Jim Eicher: Aaron Feather; 

Bob Harrison; Kyle Krehl; 

Mike Noel; Cherie Steele; 

Tim Stone: Lance Ware- 
ham; Leah Yingling; Allen 

ndependence, W. Plains; 

Orville Springer 
ivester, N. Plains; Rachel 

Butler; Brenda Moats; 

Cheryl. Dennis &|ames 

ewiston, All. N.E.: Sheldon 

lames Myer 
xwiston, N. Plains; [enny & 

loni Boynton 
ogansport, S/C Ind.; Mike 

»Jorth Liberty, N. Ind.; Jason 

Beyer. Andrew Holderread 
'almyra, Atl. N.E.; Donald & 

Patricia Strine 
"arsons, W. Plains; Kenny 

Juakerlown, Atl. N.E.: Jen- 
nifer Hunkle 
ihalom, Virlina; Anna Bauer, 

Matthew Brown, Jamie & 

Jesse Moon 
ipringfield, Atl. N.E.; Jarryd 

Bauder, Jeanette Kramer, 

Tammy Theobold 
Jniontown, W. Pa.; Sarah 

Martin, Jeff Smitley, Carl 

Jniversity Park, Mid-Atl.: 

Ivan Shellenbarger 
Atst Cliarleston, S. Ohio; 

Andrew Bowman, Glenda & 

Gordon Tron 


^spacker, Clair and Emily, 

Abbottstown, Pa., 60 
3eck, James and Ethel, 

Denver, Pa., 55 
3erg, Clarence and Margaret, 

Hanover, Pa., 50 
iurkholder, Noah and Bertha, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 50 
Jurns, Robert and Doris, 

Johnstown, Pa., 50 
Jush, Warren and Hazel, Cur- 

ryville. Pa., 65 
Carter, B.L. and Zelma, Par- 
sons, Kan., 60 
-ohick, Eugene and Esther, 

Carlisle, Pa., 50 

Diediker, Cliff and Lois, Par- 
sons, Kan., 55 
Duling, Galen and Florena, 

Scherr, W. Va., 50 
Erb, Edwin and Dorothy, 

Ephrata, Pa., 50 
Fillmore, Donald and Pauline. 

Live Oak, Calif., 50 
Flood, Dale and Georgie, 

Boring, Ore., 50 
Gilbert, Emerson and Althea, 

Reading, Pa., 50 
Gortner, Harland and Hazel, 

West Salem, Ohio, 55 
Grogan, Herman and Eva, 

Kansas City, Kan., 72 
Hamsher. Eugene and Nadine, 

Parsons, Kan., 60 
Hanson, Arthur and Olive, 

Hanover, Pa., 50 
Hawk, Jess and Dora Lee, 

Scherr, W Va., 50 
lohansen, Charles and Vera. 

Ridott, 111., 60 
lohnson, Chalmer and Evelyn, 

Gridley, Calif., 50 
Kehr, Joseph and Nellie, 

Wakarusa, Ind., 65 
Lowe, Leonard and Viola, 

Lorida, Fla., 61 
Moore, Art and Genevieve, 

Nampa, Idaho, 70 
Pattee, Richard and Lois, Fort 

Wayne, Ind., 50 
Petrone, Charles and Cather- 
ine, Phoenix, Ariz., 50 
Purbaugh, Frank and Elaine, 

Johnstown, Pa., 50 
Shafer, Oren and Mildred, 

Dupont, Ohio, 65 
Simpson, Willard and Maxine, 

Franklin Grove, 111., 50 
Smith, Samuel and Mary, 

Galveston, Ind., 50 
Stutzman, Merle and Miriam, 

Berlin, Pa., 56 
Thomas, Donald and Erma 

Joyce, Elgin, 111., 55 
Wayne, Edward and Bernice, 

West Reading, Pa., 54 
Weaver, Homer and Helen, 

Tipp City, Ohio, 50 
Werner, Raymond and Carrie, 

Spring Grove, Pa., 60 
Wine, Tracy and Mary, Mount 

Sidney, Va., 60 
Worley, Laverne and Arlene, 

Hanover, Pa., 50 


Airesman, Roydon, ordained 

Aug. 2, 1 996, Winder, W. Pa. 
Archer, Alice, ordained April 

13, 1996, Mount Pleasant, 

N. Ind. 
Arnold, Patricia, licensed May 

18, 1996, Reisterstown, 

Barley, Shirley, licensed May 

18, 1996, Reisterstown, 

Beach, Gregory, ordained Jan. 

6, 1996, Dunnings Creek, 

Mid. Pa. 
Benbow, Timothy, licensed 

April 19, 1996, Valley View, 

Pac. S.W. 
Borsman, Kenneth, licensed 

April 27, 1996, Pleasant 

View, Virlina 
Boyd, Mary Louise, licensed 

May 1 1, 1996, Sebring, Atl. 

Broyles, Dewey, ordained luly 

13, 1996, Spruce Run, 

Caplinger, Robert, ordained Jan. 

15, 1996, Gratis, S.Ohio 
Cavaness, Ryan, licensed 

March 18, 1994, Nocona, 

S. Plains 
Christiansen, William, 

ordained June 15, 1995, 

Frankline Grove, III. /Wis. 
Clapper, Steven, licensed May 

9, 1996, Carson Valley, 

Mid. Pa. 
Coates, Earl, ordained Sept. 

28. 1996, Hickory Grove, 

S/C Ind. 
Cookas, Katherie McKinlay, 

licensed Aug. 14, 1996, 

Open Circle, N. Plains 
Croft, Eric, licensed March 

12, 1996, Leakes Chapel, 

Crumley, Paul, ordained Aug. 

27, 1996, Montezuma, Shen. 
Dietz, Arnold, ordained April 

13, 1996, Baugo, N. Ind. 
Dodd, Paul, licensed Feb. 24, 

1996, University Park, 
Ervin, Tavia, licensed Sept. 

14, 1996, Springfield, 

Feathers, George, licensed June 
4. 1996, Arbutus. W. Pa. 

Godfrey, Geraldine Mae, 
ordained July 20, 1996, 
Codorus. S. Pa. 

Gresh, Kenneth, ordained June 

22, 1996, Arcadia, S/C Ind. 
Griffith, Sam, licensed March 

23, 1996, Erwin, S.E. 
Krahenbiihl, Lee, licensed Aug. 

16. 1996. Skyridge, Mich. 
Lavin, Lisa Marie, licensed 

Aug. 14, 1996, Open Circle, 

N. Plains 
Lovett, Diana, licensed April 29, 

1996, Pleasant Hill S.Ohio 
Lowry, James, licensed March 

18, 1994, Thomas, S. Plains 
Lowry, Joan, ordained Aug. 3, 

1996, Thomas. S. Plains 
Marthur, Sajor, licensed Sept. 

14, 1996, York Center, 

McGlolhlin, Judith, ordained 

Aug. 3, 1996, Freeport, 

Meeks, Gary, licensed Nov. 

12, 1994. Deshler, N. Ohio 
Miller, Christen, licensed Sept. 

28, 1996, Manchester, 
S/C Ind. 

Miller, Steven, licensed June 

22, 1996, Huntingdon, 

S/C Ind. 
Miner, Blaine, ordained April 

27, 1996, Highland Avenue, 

Mitchell, Belita, licensed Sept. 

16, 1996, Imperial Heights, 

Pac. S.W. 
Naff, Lee, ordained July 13, 

1996, Cedar Bluff, Virlina 

Naff, Robin, ordained July 13, 

1996, Cedar Bluff, Virlina 
Neff, Daniel, licensed June 6, 

1996, Pleasant View, S. Pa. 
Neubauer, Cathy, licensed 

Feb. 24, 1996, Reistertown, 

Olvera, Victor, licensed Sept. 

16, 1996, Waterford, Pac. 

Ort, David, licensed Sept. 17. 

1996, Spring Run. Mid. Pa. 
Osborne, Helen, licensed Feb. 

7, 1996. Black Rock, S. Pa. 
Patterson, Michael, licensed 

Dec. 15, 1996, Ellisforde, 

Ore. /Wash. 
Power, Christopher, licensed 

Aug. 25, 1996, Prairie City, 

N. Plains 
Ray, Mark, licensed March 19. 

1996, Blue River, N. Ind. 
Rice, Robert, ordained Dec. 2, 

1995, New Salem. N. Ind. 
Rieman, Kenneth, licensed 

Sept. 28, 1996, Manches- 
ter, S/C Ind. 

Runkle, DwayneA.. licensed 
June 6, 1996, Pleasant 
View, S. Pa. 

Scott, Clarence, licensed Aug. 
20, 1996, Bethel Center, 
S/C Ind. 

Self, Kim, licensed March 23, 

1996, Lake Charles, S. Plains 
Snyder, Lisa Anne, licensed 

Aug. 14, 1996, Open Circle, 

N. Plains 
Spangler, Joyce, ordained 

May 1 1, 1996. Mount 

Carmel, S.E. 
Stouffer, Scott, licensed Sept. 

14, 1996, York Center, 

Taylor, Mark, licensed Aug. 20. 

1996, Pipe Creek. S/C Ind. 
Thacker, Robert, ordained July 

27, 1996, Jennersville, Atl. 

Townsend, Frances, ordained 

June 22. 1996, Manchester, 

S/C Ind. 
Twigg, Charles, hcensed July 

1996, Petersburg Memorial, 

W. Marva 
Vandermolen, David, licensed 

June 15, 1996, East 

Chippewa, N. Ohio 
Wickline, Jerry Lynn, licensed 

July 13, 1996, Pleasant 

View, Virlina 
Williams, Melvin, licensed July 

27, 1996, Brake, W. Marva 
Yates, Melinda, licensed April 

27, 1996, Masons Cove, 



Albright, Betty, Grundy 

Center, Iowa, Aug. 12. 1996 

Barnes, William, 66, Hunting- 
ton, Ind., March 4, 1996 

Beahm, Wanda, 43. Reming- 
ton, Va., July 26, 1996 

Becker, Thomas. 52, Dover, 
Pa., Sept. 1996 

Birman, Iva, 93, Lake Odessa, 
Mich.. Oct. 10, 1996 

Blank, Mildred, 80, Lancaster, 

Pa., July 27, 1996 

Bower, Evelyn, 82, Harris- 
burg, Pa.. Sept, 5, 1996 

Bowman, Elsie, 85, Goshen, 
Ind., April 7, 1996 

Bowman, Luther, 97, Floyd, 
Va., Oct. 13, 1996 

Boycr, Edwin, 75. Shelocta. 
Pa., April 2, 1996 

Bradshaw, Iris, 89, West 

Milton, Ohio. Sept. 16. 1996 

Brooks, Harlan, 88, Sterling, 
Va., July 8. 1996 

Brown, Herbert, 84, Nezpence, 
Idaho, Aug. 25, 1996 

Bucher, Cyrus, 83, Biglerville, 
Pa., Aug. 23, 1996 

Clary, Fay, 68, Cabool, Mo., 
April 21, 1996 

Cotter, Rhea. Berlin. Pa., May 
25, 1996 

Craun, Charles, 69, Harrison- 
burg, Va., Oct. 24, 1996 

Earhart, Nina, 79, Nokesville, 
Va., Sept. 7, 1996 

Earon, Terry, 56, Martins- 
burg, Pa., Oct. 11. 1996 

Edris, Harold, 70, Hanover, 
Pa.. Sept. 4, 1996 

Eichelberger, Stewart, 97, 
York. 111., Nov. 1 1996 

Eshleman, Roy. 83, Akron, 
Pa., April 17, 1996 

Fasick, Hazel, 92, Greenville, 
Ohio. July 22, 1996 

Forbes, Thomas. 85, Rocky 
Mount. Va., July 29, 1996 

Frymyer, Naomi, 83, Hanover, 
Pa.. Sept. 22. 1996 

Gcttins, Elizabeth. 75, Greens- 
burg, Pa.. Sept. 29. 1996 

Grim, Elvera, 90, Hanover, 
Pa.. July 27. 1996 

Grove, Mildred, 84, Aurora, 
Colo.. Sept. 26, 1996 

Harman, Alvin, 88, Floyd, Va.. 
July 15, 1996 

Harman, Eva, 95, Largo, Fla., 
Jan. 8. 1996 

Hassinger, Mae, 94, Greens- 
burg. Pa., June 2, 1996 

Hawbaker, Aden, 76, Cham- 
bersburg, Pa., July 28. 1996 

Hertzog, Jacob, 79, Jeannette, 
Pa., Sept. 24, 1996 

Hinegardner, Benjamin, Math- 
ias, W Va., March 19, 1996 

Hite, Sarah, Roanoke, Ind., 
June 16, 1996 

Hodgden, Marshall, 90, Hunt- 
ington. Ind.. Oct. 25, 1995 

Hodge, Dorothy, 94, Lincoln, 
Neb.. Oct. 2, 1996 

Hoffman, Chalmer, 92, St. 
Petersburg. Fla., April 22, 

Honsaker, Clifford, Martins- 
burg, W. Va., Sept. 22, 1996 

Hoy, Viola, 96, St. Peterburg, 
Fla., July 4, 1996 

Keeny, Doris, 69, Glen Rock. 
Pa.. Sept. 25. 1996 

Keller, Edna, 99, Trotwood, 
Ohio, Oct. 1996 

Keller, Elsie. 89, Lancaster, 
Pa., Jan. 29. 1996 

Keller, Wilma, 77, Chambers- 
burg, Pa., June 1, 1996 

Kerr, John, 93. Sigourney, 
Iowa, Sept. 26, 1996 

January 1997 Messenger 31 

If this is redesign, then why my deja ju? 

In the course of shaping the article "Ending tiie 
Thirty Years War" for this issue (page 22), I had sev- 
eral conversations with the article's author, Jim 
Lehman. We are both keenly interested in history, partic- 
ularly Brethren history, and the 1997 centennial of 
Brethren Press has occasioned our giving the past cen- 
tury more attention than usual. 

In one conversation, (im noted that in his research lead- 
ing to the article and to a larger project — a booklet for 
Brethren Press use in marking the centennial — he discov- 
ered that before the emergence of denominational headquarters 
in Elgin, 111., there were some people 
working in a capacity that was tanta- 
mount to being denominational staff. 

Presently, the General Board is 
proposing to disperse the bulk of the 
denominational staff out among the dis- 
tricts (December, pages 6—9), and we 
are waiting with bated breath to learn 
whether, in the redesign process, Elgin, 
111., will continue to host our denomi- 
national headquarters. So I quipped to 
if history is repeating itself; a hundred years after the 
time of which you speak, we soon may have staff out 
there somewhere, but the Elgin headquarters created in 

1899 will be abandoned." (im laughed and agreed. 
Ruefully, I could wish that history would repeat itself, 

as well, with Messenger's reception. A century ago, as 
Annual Meeting assumed ownership of the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, the magazine was widely received across the 
denomination. Today, while we hold our own, proportion- 
ally, with dwindling membership (and, in fact, are presently 
on an upswing in subscriptions), we are far from being the 
widespread periodical we were at the turn of the century. 

The repeating of history in my aforementioned quip is, 
of course, only superficially a repetition. The Brethren of 

1900 were different in many ways from Brethren of today. 
The Church of the Brethren (the name adopted in 1908) 
was consolidating after the three-way split of the early 
1880s that separated us from the Old German Baptist 
Brethren and The Brethren Church. (We were the moder- 
ately conservative group, between the very conservative 
and very progressive groups.) The new configuration, still 
a very rural church, was widely scattered across the coun- 
try in a time before up-to-date newspapers, much less 
radio and television, and wholly dependent on print media 
for information . . . not only for information about the 
world, but about themselves. Consequently, the fledgling 
Church of the Brethren looked to the newly adopted (by 
Annual Meeting) magazine for definition and for guid- 
ance. They hung onto the words of leaders such as D.L. 
Miller. He was of rural background, but was also a suc- 

32 Messenger January 1997 

A century after the 
Brethren hung onto 

/■/;^ Messenger editor's 
every word, the very 

character of the Brethren 
has changed. 

n, "It sounds as 

cessful businessman, a world traveler, and an articulate 
writer. As editor, he told the Brethren who they were and 
who they might become. He steered them into overseas 
mission work and set the stage for the global witness and 
involvement that would come years later as Brethren Ser- 
vice. Brethren work would still be for the "glory of God," 
but "our neighbors' good" would be that of neighbors far 
beyond the farm family across the fields. 

A century after the Brethren hung onto the Messen- 
ger editor's every word, the very character of the 
Brethren has changed. The Brethren of the turn of the 

century had, I perceive, what our just 
retired general secretary, Don Miller, 
says is so sorely lacking today: "the 
unity of vision that is so important for 
sensing and feeling a forward move- 
ment" (December, page 13). 

That forward movement of the 
early 20th century began running out 
of steam about 40 years ago. Many 
reasons for that could be put forward, 
and, as we like to note, the history of the mainline 
denominations is running parallel to our own. 

Acculturation, as such Brethren historians as Don 
Durnbaugh, Carl Bowman, and Don Fitzkee have pointed 
out, has taken its deadly toll of us. And in today's world, 
the Brethren, like everyone else, get their information and 
their notions more from television than from any other 
source. Brethren in all our highly diverse congregations 
are more and more setting their own course without 
asking any central authority for compass bearings. 

^nd this is the situation the redesigned General 
Board will address, reaching out to the congrega- 
.tions, spanning the communication gap that is 
perceived by the Redesign Steering Committee. Messen- 
ger, the flagship of General Board publications, will be 
trimming its sails in light of all this, seeking to be effective 
in this new reaching out. Under the proposals approved 
by the General Board in October, Messenger will be 
among those elements combined into "Brethren Press." 
Brethren Press, in turn, will be supervised by the general 
secretary. Which means that Messenger will be produced 
at whatever central headquarters is decided upon. 

Messenger back under Brethren Press? Brethren Press 
is the successor to the Brethren Publishing House of 1899. 
The Brethren Publishing House published The Gospel Mes- 
senger. That really is history repeating itself. 

The question that remains is whether Messenger read- 
ers will now sit up and take notice, the way they did when 
D.L. Miller was Gospel Messenger editor. For this answer I 
need not wait with bated breath. — K.T. 

Wanna Fill 
These Shoes? 

Do you want to . . . 

Share God's love through acts of service? 
Be part of solving deep-rooted problems? 
Work for peace and justice? 
Serve basic human needs? 
Help preserve the environment? 

Join Brethren Volunteerv^ervice 

Call (800) 323-8039 /^^^\ 

Monday through Friday 
between Bam & 4 pm C.S.T. 


Affordable retirement choices to meet the changing 

Ufestyles and needs of today's maturing adults. A 

nationally accredited Christian Continuing Care 

Retirement Community open to all faiths. Discover 

the many amenities ovir campus provides. 

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Church of the Brethren 




David Wine: 

Keeping us in touch 
in a time of transition 

February 1997 

Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Production, Design: Paul Stocksdale 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Dale Minnlch 

On the cover: 
David Wine, in 
the interview for 
our cover story (page 12), 
confided the secret of his 
shyness. But he has not let 
shyness interfere with the 
role he perceives is his as 
1997 Annual Conference 


12 Out of Enders 

What do you do when you are a shy person 
and have to speak for an entire denomination? 
Moderator David Wine's answer is to act like 
an extrovert. And talking is one of the main 
things he has us doing this year . . . for a very 
good reason. Story by Kermon Thomasson. 

16 Living up to a name 

At first Berwyn L. Oltman wasn't sure his first 
cousin David Wine had been named properly, 
but now he has become convinced. Sidebar: 
"Vintage Wines of old Virginia," by Kermon 

Nigerian Brethren have church 
growth down pat 

When it comes to church growth, the Brethren 
in Nigeria can teach the Brethren in the United 
States a thing or two. Glenn Mitchell checked it 
out and tells us the Nigerians' secrets. 

Farewell to Asia? 

H. Lamar Gibble, who retires from the General 
Board staff next month, has made his farewell visit 
to Asia, but, he asks, must our denomination also 
bid that condnent farewell? 





From the Editor 



In Touch 


Close to Home 




In Brief 


Special Report 


Stepping Stones 






f 30 

Pontius' Puddle 

Partners in Prayer 



Turning Points 

1 32 



How to reach us 


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five weeks for address change. 

Coming next month 

Redesign Steering Committee 
member Tracy Wenger Sadd 
discusses the theology and 
philosophy behind the new 
structure of the General Board. 

District Messenger representatives: Atl, N.E., Ron 
Luiz, Atl. S.E., Ruby Raymer; III./\Vis., Kreston 
Lipscomb; S/C Ind.. Marjorie Miller; Mich., Ken Good; 
Mid-Atl.. Ann Fouts; Mo./Ark.. Luci Landes; N. Plains, 
Faith Strom; N. Ohio, Alice L. Driver; S. Ohio, Jack 
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Plains, Mary Ann Dell; Viriina, David & Hettie Webster; 
W Plains, Dean Hummer; W Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter 
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1917. Filing date, Nov 1, 1984. Member of the 
Associated Church Press. Subscriber to Religion 
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the New Revised Standard Version. Messenger is 
owned and published 11 times a year by the General 
Services Commission, Church of the Brethren 
General Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
III., and at additional mailing office, Feb. 1997. 
Copyright 1997, Church of the Brethren General 
Board, ISSN 0026-0355. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
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One of the fun things about working with the cluster of 
articles on our Annual Conference moderator and his Wine 
heritage was the selection of photos, old and new, to choose 
from. A family member slyly slipped one informal photo of the new 
moderator to me last July during the Cincinnati Conference. We 
used it. Another relative assured me he had a photo of Grandpa 
David Glick Wine, but failed to locate it as our deadline approached. 

I had become rather anxious by the time a photo arrived in 
the mail — the photo we 
used on page 16. It was 
sent by Leta Wine Smith, 
a daughter of David Glick 
Wine, living in nearby 
Lisle, 111. The relative who 
had earlier promised a por- 
trait photo had frantically 
contacted her, and she had 
come through. Her hand- 
written letter was as 
interesting as the old 
photo. She wrote: 

"It's a miracle that I 
could find this photograph. I am 90 years old and have a monu- 
mental storage space of mementos awaiting separation and decisions 
on which of my nieces and nephews is to receive which. 

"I asked God to help me find the needed photograph, and 
within five minutes I opened the box that had just one portrait 
photograph among dozens of snapshots. Yes, I call it a miracle." 

Leta is one of the seven daughters among the 1 3 Wine chil- 
dren. In my last-minute anxiety I had asked the moderator 
himself if he could dig up a photo of his grandpa. He over- 
nighted his best effort — the family portrait (parents and 13 
children) shown here. 

And this ties in with an article on a different subject in this 
month's Messenger. On page 20, Glenn Mitchell reveals one 
secret of how Nigerian Brethren produce members in such high 
numbers: They grow their own! Here in the United States, fam- 
ilies with a dozen children weren't that uncommon back in the 
heyday of our Church of the Brethren growth. Maybe the answer 
to our present-day dwindling membership is simpler than our 
church-growth experts have made it out to be! 

Printed on recycled paper 

February 1997 Messenger 1 



Paul Swartz helped Westside 

Food Bank become one of 

the largest in the country. It 

distributes over 26 million 

pounds of food a year to 

hungry families in Phoenix, 

Ariz., and the western half 

of the state. 

A big-time banker 

If you want to find land or a new facility to expand your 
services, Paul Swartz is the one to contact. A member 
of Glendale (Ariz.) Church of the Brethren, Paul has 
served on the board of Westside Food Bank for the past 23 
years. In that time, he has helped the bank become one of 
the largest in the country by leading 
the acquiring of property and vehi- 
cles that dramatically increases the 
amount of food that can be 
processed and distributed. 

In 1973, the Glendale church was 
one of the founders of the food 
bank as a source of emergency food 
for hungry families. In those days, 
there was a great need for food, but 
no organized way to meet that 
need. Starting a food bank was the 
obvious thing to do, says Paul. 
Paul grew up in a family that 
placed a high value on service. His 
father supervised the construction 
of the current building of the Glen- 
dale church in 1947, and his 
mother volunteered at farm labor 
camps, making soap and distribut- 
ing food and used clothing. 

"There are many people who don't 
have the ability or education to deal 
with so many layers of government," 
explains Paul. "In today's informa- 
tion society, lots of people fall 
through the cracks. We provide one 
of the basic needs of survival: food." 
West Side Food Bank is success- 
ful. Last year it distributed over 26 million pounds of food 
to families in Phoenix and the western half of Arizona. 
Over 300 nonprofit agencies receive food from it, and an- 
other 100 agencies refer their clients to its programs. 

Another program that Paul spearheaded was the acqui- 
sition of trucks and trailers to transport excess produce 
from fields and orchards. The produce is distributed to 
hungry Arizona families through the food bank network. 
"We saved seven to eight million pounds of produce last 
year alone," says Paul. 

West Side Food Bank, with Paul's leadership, has pro- 
vided food and hope to thousands of hungry people. Says 
Paul, "Until food banks can become a thing of the past, 
we will continue to see that each person who comes to us 
receives food for a hungry body and hope for a better 
future." — Clay Myers -Bowman 

Clay Myers-Bowman, of Fargo. N.D.. is a former editorial assistant on 
the Messenger staff. 

Names in the news 

Enos Heisey, a member of 
Spring Creek Church of the 
Brethren in Hershey, Pa., at- 
tended the 12th worldwide 
conference of People to Peo- 
ple International, in Newport 
Beach, Calif. He is a member 
of the organization's board of 
trustees. People to People In- 
ternational, founded by Presi- 
dent Dwight Eisenhower in 
1956, is dedicated to advanc- 
ing international understand- 
ing and friendship. The New- 
port Beach meeting cele- 
brated the 40th anniversary 
of the group's founding. 

• I.B. ("Jake") Hershey, a 
member of West York Church 
of the Brethren in York, Pa., has 
been inducted into the National 
Auto Auction Association Halli 
of Fame. Selection was made 
from among 250 auctions 
worldwide. lake Hershey is 
president of Pennsylvania Auto 
Dealers' Exchange, Inc. near 
Strinestown, Pa. 

• Bob Kettering of Man- 
heim. Pa., is chairman of the 
Lancaster Living Board of 
Directors. Lancaster Living is a 
new quarterly publication sent 
free to households in the Lan- 
caster, Pa., area. 
It is a spin-off 
of a publica- 
tion circulated in 
Virginia's Shen- 
andoah Valley by 
Shalom Founda- 
tion of Harrison- 
burg, Va. Lan- 
caster Living is 
an inspiration, feel-good piece. 
According to its editor, "the 
magazine will contain only good 
news — stories that leave people 
with a positive feeling." Bob 
Kettering is interim director of 
Evangelism on the General 
Board's Parish Ministries staff. 

2 Messenger February 1997 

f Martian attackers get 
a Whitman sampler 

In "Mars Attacks!" — a movie released in mid- 
December — the fate of the world rests on one extraordi- 
nary man. And the man is Slim Whitman, the singer with the 
high tenor voice and the off-again-on-again popularity. . .who 
also is a member of Jacksonville (Fla.) Church of the 
[_ Brethren. 

Slim himself does not appear in the movie, but the 
distinctive high-pitched sound of his voice plays a pivotal 
role in saving humankind from bloodthirsty Martians. 
As the movie opened. Slim was waiting in his home in 
Middleburg, Fla., listening hopefully for phone calls from 
TV talk shows. 

Now there may be hope [Slim hope, as it were) as well, 
for the several hundred copies of Slim's biography, Mr. 
Songman, packed away on skids in an Elgin, 111., warehouse. 
Brethren Press published the book in 1982, but failed to make a 
killing on a wave of Slim Whitmania that lapped weakly ashore at 
the time. (See "Mr. Songman: In Brethren Circles, He's 'Brother 
Slim,'" Messenger, January 1982.) 

\ ministry in magic 

Forrest Gordon watched a seminary 
professor's magic act in 1972 and got 
he idea for a ministry in magic that he has 
provided ever since. 

Using the stage name "Flash Gordon," 
le presents programs of magic for ban- 
quets, parties, and other occasions, using a 
•epertoire he has built over the past quarter 
:entury. A member of Lost Creek Church 
Df the Brethren near Mifflintown, Pa., and 
•etired from the ministry. Flash is free to 
vork his magic full-time. He figures he has 
ione about 775 shows, traveling around 
Pennsylvania and into other states. The 
arthest afield he has performed is Cairo, 
igypt, while visiting the Middle East. 

The audiences that have enjoyed the 
Tiagic shows include church groups. Boy 
Scouts, fraternal organizations, nursing 
lomes, and elementary schools. Flash is 
ilso popular with the Juniata County (Pa.) 
Association for Retarded Citizens. 

The magic works with both children and 
■idults. After all. Flash points out, "If you 
;an fool kids, you can fool anybody." 

Flash has had no formal training as a 
Tiagician, but he has become sufficiently 

"Flash Gordon" uses his dummy sidekick. 
Benny, to pull off gags in his magic show. 

expert that he is a member of the Fellow- 
ship of Christian Magicians. 

And as for the mystery of how he does 
his tricks, he confides that there is nothing 
magic about it. He depends on the same 
thing all magicians do — the hand being 
quicker than the eye. 

Adapted from an article by Polly Davis Digon in the 
Juniata Sentinel, Mifflintown. Pa. 

Margaret Garner makes 
afghans for refugees. 

Adding warmth to a gift 

Margaret Garner adds 
warmth to her gifts to the 
needy both physically and 
figuratively. For the past six 
years, this member of Lake- 
wood (Ohio) Church of the 
Brethren has been making 
afghans for the denomina- 
tion's Refugee Resettlement 

As her sight failed, Mar- 
garet, who now is 90, 
sought a service project that 
didn't require keen eyes. 
While visiting her daughter, 
Eleanor Rowe, at the 
Brethren Service Center in 
New Windsor, Md., Mar- 
garet got the idea of tying in 
with the refugee program. 
She now has made and 
donated over 100 afghans 
— gifts that warm both the 
body and the heart. 

Friends and neighbors who 
know of Margaret's project 
keep her supplied with yarn. 
She also donates afghans to 
church bazaars and gives 
some directly as gifts. 
— Kathleen Campanella 

Kathleen Campanella is staff for 
Public Information at the Brethren 
Service Center in New Windsor. Md. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we tuould 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

February 1997 Messenger 3 

New in Koreatown 

On November 3, Central Evangelical 
Church of the Brethren in Los Angeles 
dedicated its new church building, capping 1 7 
years of ministry begun by pastor lohn Park. 

The congregation first met in a room of a 
driving school where pastor Park worked 
as a teacher. Since 1985, the Korean 
Brethren had been meeting in a house they 
bought in Los Angeles' Koreatown and 
remodeled for use as a church. Then, with 
the help of the denomination's New Begin- 

Central Evangelical 

built Its new chinch 

with help from the 

New Beginnings 

Fund. Former 

Pacific Southwest 

District co-executive 

Irven Stern and 

pastor John Park 

(front center) stand 

with newly installed 

elders, deacon, and 

"kwonsa. " 

This and that 

Bella Vista Church of the 
Brethren in Los Angeles held 
its second annual "Shut-in 
with God" in October. Par- 
ticipants spent the time in 
fasting, prayer, preaching, 
and singing. The event 
ended with feetwashing, love 

feast, and communion. 
• Atlantic Northeast 
District's Stewardship Com- 
mission has appointed a 
Haitian Building Committee 
and authorized it to raise 
funds to purchase a building 
for the Haitian First Fellow- 
ship in New York City. The 
committee plans to raise up 

nings Fund, they bought some adjacent 
land and built the new church. 

The dedication service included a sermon, 
prayers, music, and history, as well as ordi- 
nation and installation of three elders and a 
deacon. Also installed were six "kwonsa" — 
members of the women's auxiliary. A plaque 
was presented to Pacific Southwest District 
for its encouragement and help. 

The women of the congregation dressed 
in traditional Korean costumes for the 
event. Over 20 floral arrangements from 
community businesses and neighboring 
churches decorated the sanctuary. The 
day's singing was accompanied by a string 
quintet. The Los Angeles Korean television 
station presented a half-hour program on 
the dedication. 

The congregation follows a blend of Korean 
traditions and Church of the Brethren prac- 
tices and organization. One of the church 
windows features feetwashing. Pastor Park 
holds a D.Min. degree from Claremont 
School of Theology. — Pattie Stern 

Paltie Stern is co-pastor with her husband. Irven. of 
Live Oak (Calif.) Church of the Brethren. The Sterns, 
former Nigeria missionaries, were Pacific Southwest 
District co-executives during most of Central Evangeli- 
cal's history. 

to $500,000. It is hoped that 
the Haitian fellowship can be 
in its new home by this fall. 

• San Diego (Calif.) First 
Church of the Brethren 
hosted the sixth annual Kids 
Peacefest in November. All 
the entertainment related to 
getting along with others, 
building self-esteem, appre- 
ciating diversity, and 
expressing feelings in a 
prosocial way. On sale at the 
fest were peace-related toys 
and items from SERRV. Free 
was literature, including 
Brethren resource pieces 
promoting peacemaking. 
The fest is a project of the 
Children and Nonviolence 
Committee of the San Diego 
Peace Resource Center, of 
which San Diego First is a 


4 Messenger February 1997 

Oakton pastor Kurt Borgmann led a "Buildingless Sunday" 
service to support arson-destroyed black churches. 

\ buildingless Sunday 

On last fall's World Communion Day, Oakton Church 
of the Brethren in Vienna, Va., held a "Buildingless 
Sunday" as an expression of support for the congregations 
(most of them African American) that have been lost in 
jrson fires the past couple of years. 

Oakton met outside in 55 -degree weather, moving chairs 
rom the church to the parking lot. Some people brought 
awn chairs from home; others brought blankets for seating. 

The worship table held a basket containing charred 
ivood and flowers, reminders of destruction and rebirth. 
Prayers reflected on the walls of racial division in the US 
and the unity in Christ with Christians of all races. Pastor 
Kurt Borgmann spoke from Philippians 3:4—14 and from 
lis personal experience in a Florida community where a 
olack church was lost to fire. A special offering raised 
$200 for the rebuilding of one of the burned churches. 

A couple of weeks later, an Oakton member noted a 
inews item about a black congregation in nearby Reston 
losing its church bus to arson. Oakton then took up an 
offering of $800 and presented it to that congregation. 
Out of this grew plans for the two congregations to get to 
know each other better. Funny thing was, Oakton had 
been trying to figure out a way to initiate just such a rela- 
tionship without it appearing artificial. This is the genuine 
thing. — Keith Martin 

Keilh Martin, a member of Oakton Church of the Brethren, is the con- 
gregation 's peace coordinator 

Campus comments 

Elizabethtown College had 

originally begun a fundrais- 
ing campaign with a goal of 
$20 million, but the first $15 
million came in so readily 
that the college has raised the 
goal to $25 million. The cam- 
paign motto is "Celebrating a 
Century/Shaping the Next." 
Of the $25 million amount, 
$1 1 million is committed to 
student scholarships. Eliza- 
bethtown has been recog- 
nized for the third year in a 
row by U. S. News & World 
Report magazine as one of 
the top four regional liberal 
arts colleges in the North. 

• The fall lecture series at 
Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary featured lectures on 
Anabaptism and Pietism by 

Maple Grove participants were 
(front) Linda Fry. worship 
leader, and the Durnbaiighs. 
Back: pastor John Ballinger and 
Ashland Seminary professor 
Dale Stoffer event coordinator 

Brethren historian Don 
Durnbaugh and on Brethren 
hymnody history by Hedda 
Durnbaugh. One of the 
evening events was held at 
nearby Maple Grove Church 
of the Brethren, where the 
drafting of the charter of 
Ashland University (then 
Ashland College) took place 

Wendy and David Fisher 

dedicated children Abrianna. 
David, and Sarah. 

A thrice-blessed event 

Baby dedications are rou- 
tine at Moxham Church of 
the Brethren in Johnstown, 
Pa. But the one held this 
past September was un- 
usual. Wendy and David 
Fisher dedicated their 
triplets, Sarah Laynette, 
David (ames, and Abri- 
anna Suzette. Pastor 
(ames Houghton called it 
a once-in-a-lifetime event. 

in 1878. The lecture series 
brought together members of 
The Brethren Church and 
the Church of the Brethren 
to celebrate and contemplate 
their common heritage. 

Let's celebrate 

Living Stone Church of the 
Brethren, Cumberland, 
Md., will celebrate its 75th 
anniversary in October, 
with the theme "Hallelujah! 
Let the Praise Go "Round." 

"Close to Home" highlights netvs of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
Home, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

February 1997 Messenger 5 

Counting the cost is not 

a plea for stewardship; 

rather it is a warning 

about discipleship, said 

Rosanna McFadden of 

Goshen, Ind., designer 

of the 1997 Annual 

Conference logo. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

General Board's redesign tops 
business for Long Beach 

A full agenda of business awaits An- 
nual Conference delegates in Long 
Beach, according to the list of busi- 
ness items released in December. 

The General Board's redesign plan 
will be presented to the delegates, 
with many items expected to need 
vote approval. 

Northern Plains District is sending 
a "Proposed relationship of Church 
of the Brethren to the National Asso- 
ciation of Evangelicals" query, which 
would explore an ecumenical rela- 
tionship with NAE. 

Southern Pennsylvania District is 
sending a query on domestic violence 
after not finding a denominational 
statement or study on this issue. 

Oregon/Washington District is 
sending a "Defining Ministry Limits 
of Licensed Ministers" query, in 
response to the 1996 Ministerial 
Leadership paper. 

Delegates also are expected to 
address these unfinished business 
items: the Human Genetic Engineering 
and Fetal Tissue Use Statement; Office 
of Deacon Statement; Report of 
Review and Evaluation Committee; 
Denominational Polity — Property and 
Stewardship Issues Statement; The 
New Testament as Our Rule of Faith 
and Practice Statement; World Mission 
Philosophy and Global Church Mission 
Structure Statement; and Statement on 
Child Exploitation. 

Conference delegates also will be re- 
minded of the 1996 Congregational 
Structure query. That query was tabled 
by Standing Committee until 1998 in 
light of General Board's redesign. 

Three business items addressed by 
1996 Conference delegates called for 
the creation of study committees. 

Delegates elected Lowell Flory and 
Ann Gephart Quay and the General 
Board appointed William Eberly to 
respond to the query "Denomina- 
tional Polity for Real Property." 

The query "Understanding the 
New Testament as Rule of Faith and 

Practice" asked Standing Committee 
to prepare an interpretative state- 
ment for Annual Conference ap- 
proval. Standing Committee ap- 
pointed Carl Bowman, Earle Fike, 
and Carol Kussart to carry out this 
assignment on its behalf. 

Though delegates adopted the 
"World Mission Philosophy and 
Global Church Mission Structure" 
query, the following committee was 
appointed at the request of Standing 
Committee to respond to the query: 
Charles Bieber, Atlantic Northeast; 
Bonnie Kline Smeltzer, Annual Con- 
ference; Berwyn Oltman, Atlantic . 
Southeast; David Radcliff, General 
Board; and David Shumate, Virlina. 

These committees will make in- 
terim or final reports to the 1997 An 
nual Conference. 

The 1996 Standing Committee au- 
thorized three studies to be carried 
out on its behalf. A Standing Com- 
mittee subcommittee was appointed 
to review for the first time the role 
and function of the Pastoral Com- 
pensation and Benefits Advisory 
Committee, a committee that was 
formed in 1985. Appointed to carry 
out the review of this committee 
were Fred Bernhard, Robert Faus, 
and Marlene Neher. 

A second committee was formed to 
develop a statement that will formally 
integrate the free ministry into the de- 
nomination's polity. Serving on this 
committee are Samuel Cassell, Stanley 
Earhart, and Connie Burk Davis. 

The third committee, in coopera- 
tion with the General Board, is ad- 
dressing the issue of unfunded Con- 
ference mandates. 

All three committees are expected 
to report to Standing Committee in 
Long Beach, and any recommenda- 
tions adopted will be forwarded to a 
future Annual Conference for action. 

Annual Conference information 
packets will be distributed around 
March 1 1. For additional informa- 
tion, contact the Annual Conference 
Office at (800) 323-8039 or 

6 Messenger February 1997 

(aren Peterson Miller chosen 
IS Interim general secretary 

Caren Peterson Miller of Hagers- 
own, Md., has been named interim 
;eneral secretary for the Church of 
the Brethren 

Miller, 51, 
began serving 
in the Gen- 
eral Board's 
top adminis- 
trative posi- 
tion on Jan. 
1. She is the 
first woman 
Karen Peterson Miller tn serve in 

he position, even on an interim ba- 
sis. Miller will serve in that position 
jntil a permanent general secretary 
!S named. 

Miller has served as the General 
Board's director of District Ministry 
from her Maryland office since 1992. 
She has been granted a leave of ab- 
sence for up to one year while she 
serves as the interim general secretary; 
an interim director will be chosen to 
fill her position during her leave. 

"I believe in the work of a new de- 
sign for the General Board and my 
efforts in that direction will be to 
work toward being as inclusive as it 
can be with districts and congrega- 
tions, developing working relation- 
ships across the denomination," 
Miller said. 

"I accepted the position so I can 
assist with the process of moving re- 
design forward and to work with 
providing a sense of stability and di- 
rection with the current staff and the 
staff configuration in the future." 

Miller previously served the Gen- 
eral Board from 1987 to 1989 as edi- 
tor of Study Resources, editing adult 
and youth curriculum. 

Miller was ordained in the Church 
of the Brethren in 1987 at Christ 
Church of the Brethren, Carol 
Stream, 111. She earned a bachelor's 
degree in elementary education at the 

University of Wisconsin at Eau 
Claire; a master's of education degree 
at Loyola University, Chicago; and a 
master's of divinity degree from 
Bethany Theological Seminary, now 
located in Richmond, Ind. She also 
enrolled in a two-year program in 
Spiritual Direction from the Church 
of the Savior in Washington, D.C. 

Miller served as pastor of Nurture 
at Mountville (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, 1991. 

She also has served as associate 
pastor of North Northfield (111.) 
United Methodist Church. 

She is married to Dean Miller, pas- 
tor of Hagerstown (Md.) Church of 
the Brethren. 

With the selection of an interim 
general secretary, the search commit- 
tee chosen to select a permanent gen- 
eral secretary has delayed its search. 

That committee believes that by 
postponing the search it can "ob- 
serve how the General Board re- 
design process unfolds," according 
to Don Fitzkee, committee chairman. 

The General Secretary Search 
Committee plans to resume its work 
in April following the General 
Board's meetings, March 8—1 1. 

SERRV fields over 600 calls 
after national media focus 

Over 600 phone inquiries and cata- 
log requests to SERRV International 
were the result of the Church of the 
Brethren's alternative trade organi- 
zation receiving coverage by two ma- 
jor media outlets late last year. 

In October, SERRV was high- 
lighted in The Washington Post and 
subsequently received 230 calls be- 
cause of the article. 

As of mid-December, over 400 calls 
had been made to SERRV after it was 
featured on National Public Radio's 
"Morning Edition" on Dec. 9. More 
than 210 calls were received within a 
day of the programs airing. 

The five-minute segment focused 

on alternative forms of giving for the 
Christmas season, and SERRV was 
highlighted as an alternative trade 

The segment, which was heard 
twice during the drive-time program 
on NPR's 469 stations, featured 
Brian Backe, director of marketing. 

"I think people are interested in the 
concept of doing something different 
this season," Backe said. 

BBT reports substantial 
growth in its investments 

During the past 15 years, investments 
managed by Brethren Benefit Trust 
have grown from $25 million to $192 
million. That is one significant piece 
of news BBT Board members learned 
at their fall meetings, Nov. 22-23, at 
Morrisons Cove Retirement Commu- 
nity, Martinsburg, Pa. 

"This large pool of money allowed 
BBT to structure an outstanding in- 
vestment program by attracting top 
quality managers to invest pension and 
foundation funds," said Stan Morrow, 
former director of Investments. 

Morrow, who served BBT for 18 
years and was director of Investments 
since 1994, retired in December. 
During his years with BBT he also 
served as Legal Counsel and Benefits 
Consultant, and helped institute the 
self-insured medical plan, investment 
fund options for pension accounts, 
and the Brethren Foundation. 

In other BBT news. Board members 
approved the dispersement of 
$132,000 in retirement supplements to 
100 Equitable Annuity Plan annuitants. 

Board members also approved a 
search for an international invest- 
ment manager, and preliminary work 
on a "wellness initiative" for the 
Brethren Medical Plan. 

Other reports heard by Board mem- 
bers dealt with the General Board's 
redesign, preliminary considerations 
on BBT's office location, and the In- 
ter-Agency Council and its work. 

February 1997 Messenger 7 

The Andrew Center to host a 
variety of workshops in '97 

Many training and resourcing work- 
shops are scheduled this year by The 
Andrew Center: 

•Hospitality and the Vital Church 
—Feb. 1, Upland, Calif.; April 19, 
Akron, N.Y.; Sept. 20, Frederick, 
Md.; and Oct. 25, Normal, 111. 

•Does Your Church Really Care? — 
April 5, Boise, Idaho; and April 12, 
New Creek, W.Va. 

•Unlocking Church Doors: Ten 
Keys to Positive Change — April 19, 
Lititz, Pa.; and May 3, Harrisonburg, 

Reaching Out to Young Families — 
April 26, Kettering, Ohio; and Oct. 
18, Battle Creek, Mich. 

•Personal Faith Sharing — Sept. 
20, Lincoln, Neb. 

•Building Congregational Self-Es- 
teem and Outreach — Oct. 1 1, Rock- 
hill Furnace, Pa.; and Nov. 8, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

•Integrating New Members — Nov. 
8, Hutchinson, Kan. 

Reaching Baby Boomers — Feb. 1, 
Cape Coral, Fla. 

•Developing Neighborhood Min- 
istries — Nov. 15, Elkhart, Ind. 

•Business Leaders Sharing Christ 
in the Market Place — April 17, Lan- 
caster, Pa. 

•Persons with the Gift of Evange- 
lism — Oct. 31-Nov. 2, Lebanon, Pa. 

•Pastors of Growing Churches — 
Nov. 3-4, New Windsor, Md. 

•New Life Assemblies: March 1, 
Saint [acobs, Ontario; April 5, Cal- 
gary, Alberta; April 6, Edmonton, Al- 
berta; lune 6, Saskatchewan; and 
June 7, Winnepeg, Manitoba. 

•Learning Together How to Grow 
a Church — March 14-15, Gran- 
tham, Pa.; March 15, Ashland, Ohio. 

•Evangelism Workshop — April 
27-28, Martinsburg, Pa. 

•Growth Strategies for Smaller 
Churches — June 9-13, Ashland, Ohio. 

•"Caring Ministries 2000" — Aug. 
1 1-15, North Manchester, Ind. 

For more information about any of 

the 1997 events, contact The Andrew 
Center at (800) 774-3360 or COB. 

Brethren communicators 
invited to May conference 

The 1997 Council on Church and 
Media Convention is scheduled for 
May 8-10 in Pittsburgh. 

"Communication and Change" is in- 
tended for Church of the Brethren, 
Mennonite, and Brethren in Christ 
communicators who work for denomi- 
national agencies, homes, colleges or 
university, or other affiliated organiza- 
tions. During this conference. Church 
of the Brethren communicators will 
meet to network with each other and 
to discuss communications issues. 

For more information, contact Nevin 
Dulabaum, Church of the Brethren di- 
rector of News Services, at 800 323- 
8039 or NevinCoB@AOL.Com. 

Two directors named for the 
redesigned organization 

Dan and Wendy McFadden have been 
named directors of Brethren Volun- 
teer Service and Brethren Press, 
respectively, for the redesigned Gen- 
eral Board. They will assume those 
positions if the Board's proposals are 
approved by delegates at the 1 997 
Annual Conference. 

The General Board in October 
approved these new positions and two 
others for the redesigned organization, 
so that the directors can be included in 
the redesign process. A third director- 
ship — Mission Partnerships — has yet 
to be filled. An open search for the 
fourth directorship — Mission Fund- 
ing — was announced in December. 

Although Dan and Wendy currently 
serve as directors of BVS and 
Brethren Press, those positions will 
receive additional responsibilities in 
the redesigned organization. 

General Board and BBT 
announce staff changes 

Tim Sollenberger Morphew re- 
signed as director of Congregational 
Support, effective Dec. 31. Sollen- 
berger Morphew had held that posi- 
tion since January 1995. He now is 
an outplacement counselor with a 
Chicago firm. 

Cheryl Cayford was named interiir 
associate director of Association of 
Brethren Caregivers, effective Jan. 1. 
Cayford is a 1996 Bethany Theologi- 
cal Seminary graduate and served as 
Messenger's editorial assistant, 
1988-1993, first as a BVSer and 
then as a full-time employee. 

Stan Morrow, director of invest- 
ments for Brethren 
Benefit Trust, re- 
tired effective Dec. 
3 1 . Morrow served 
BBT in various ca- 
pacities over 18 
years, and helped 
to develop the ben- 
efit plans and the Tim Sollenberger 
Brethren Foundation. Morphew 

Cheryl Cayford 

Stan Morrow 


"Reaching Baby Boomers," an Andrew 
Center Teaching Event. Feb. 1. Cape 
Christian Fellowship, Cape Coral. Fla. 
[Contact The Andrew Center, (800) 

Advanced Pastoral Seminar, sponsored 
by Bethany Theological Seminary and 
the Bethany Academy for Ministry 
Training. Feb. 24-28 at Bethany Sem- 
inary and Quaker Hill Conference 
Center, Richmond. Ind. [Contact Kim 
Yaussy Albright, (800) 285-8822. ext. 

8 Messenger February 1997 


Ib M 

The disaster response project that was set up in response to 
Hurricane iVlarilyn in 1995 closed on Nov, 23. 

The rebuilding projects on St. John and St. Thomas, Virgin 
Islands, began on Oct. 16, 1995, and ended on Nov. 23, 1996. 
Cooperative Disaster Childcare workers served on St. Croix, 
Virgin Islands, and in Puerto Rico for about three weeks, begin- 
ning Sept. 25, 1995. 

More than 1 00 people participated in the disaster response 
efforts— 12 CDCC volunteers cared for 1,174 children, and 
Brethren Disaster Response teams repaired and rebuilt homes. 

The Seoul, South Korea, Church of the Brethren fellowship 
served Thanksgiving dinner and held a worship service for 1 50 
elderly Koreans on Nov. 17. "The program was part of an effort 
to emphasize a Christian Thanksgiving holiday, as opposed to 
the traditional Korean Thanksgiving observance held in late 
August of each year," said David Radcliff, director of Korean 
Ministry. Participating in the worship service and in serving the 
dinner were former General Board field staff Dan Kim, Bethany 
Seminary student Steve Brady, and members of the fellowship. 

lA resource guide listing family-oriented books, videos, 
and booklets was released in November by Harriet and Ron 
Finney, former co-directors of the General Board's former Family 
Ministry program. Subjects included in the guide include family 
strengthening and enrichment; parenting; family life cycles; life 
crisis; family worship; rituals and activities; single people and 
lifestyles; older adult issues; sexuality; and addiction, abuse, and 
violence in families. 

This resource was sent to all congregations in December. For 
additional copies contact Georgianna Schmidtke at (800) 323- 
8039 or at Georgianna. Schmidtke. parti@Ecunet.Org. 

The black church rebuilding project by the Church of the 
Brethren in South Carolina, which was scheduled to begin late 
fast fall, has been delayed. According to Glenn Kinsel, Refugee/ 
Disaster Services staff assistant, the rebuilding of Butler Chapel 
African Methodist Episcopalian Church in Orangeburg was 
slowed due to the need to obtain permits, negotiate contracts, 
survey the land, and meet county regulations. The Butler Chapel 
congregation has approved working drawings of the new building, 
and Kinsel expects work to begin no later than early February. 

;Orders for 1997 Peace Resources through Denominational 
Peace Witness are being taken. Resources include papers, 
newsletters, information on opportunities to be involved through 
a peace witness, and skits and dramas. Contact David Radcliff at 
(800) 323-8039, ext. 229. 

*A big birthday party celebration is scheduled for the 200th 
anniversary of John Kline's birth, June 1 3-1 7, at and around the 
Linville Creek Church of the Brethren, Broadway, Va. Sponsored 
by the Linville Creek congregation and Shenandoah District, the 
celebration will feature six tours, including John Kline's home; 

Twenty-two peop\e participated in Brethren Volunteer 
Service Unit 223 orientation in Indianapolis. Ind.. Sept. 
19-Oct. 5. Participants were: (front row) Ginger Bearden, 
Megan Blinn, Hugh Billhimer. Kay Billhimer. Karen 
Fackler. and Pauline de Jong. (Middle row) Sue Grubb 
(BVS orientation assistant coordinator), Allison Schmidt, 
Keith Rhoades. Michelle Williams, Patty Cleveland, Chris 
Weller, Jean Morgan. Todd Reish (BVS orientation 
coordinator), and Linda Timmons (BVS recruitment 
coordinator). (Back row) Elaine Campbell. Ingrid 
Bockstahler, Angela Shutak. Rhonda Narad. Keeley 
Waddle, Emily Pope, and Pascal Durr (See page 51 for 

1 5 exhibits; presentations; a dinner theater and puppet play; and 
many other events for people of all ages. 

The event is endorsed by the Brethren Historical Library and 
Archives and the Brethren Historical Committee. A handful of 
General Board programs will also participate. 

The Elder John Kline Bicentennial Celebration planning com- 
mittee sent a resource packet to all congregations in December 
that includes registration information and event descriptions. 

To request a packet, contact Shenandoah District at (540) 879- 
2515 or Jim.Miller.parti@Ecunet.Org; or Linville Creek pastor 
Paul Roth at (540) 896-5001 or Proth@Bridgewater.Edu. 

The National Women's Council of Program for Women is 

seeking two women to serve on the Council beginning in June 
1 997. The council also is looking for input on whether to hold a 
national event, assistance in producing a publication, and com- 
ments and suggestions on the future of Program for Women. For 
more information, contact Cynthia Mason at (814) 466-61 01 . 

And finally, William Shakespeare was a closet Roman Catholic, 
according to Margarita Stocker, fellow in English at St. Hilda's 
College, Oxford, England. Stocker states that it was punishable to 
be Roman Catholic during Shakespeare's day and that she is able 
to prove her theory through the coded messages she found in 
Shakespeare's play. Love's Labour's Lost. However, leading 
Shakespeare scholar A.L. Rowse disagrees, stating that "Shake- 
speare attended (Anglican) church services and left a regular 
Protestant will. He was a theater person, and all theater people 
were anti-Puritan." (Ecumenical News International) 

February 1997 Messenger 9 

Bridging gaps in Arizona 

By Shawn Replogle 

The 1996 Church of the Brethren 
Young Aduh Conference, held Nov. 
28-30, worked at bridging gaps in 
many ways. For starters, the confer- 
ence was the first of its kind to be 
held west of the Mississippi River, at 
Camp Pinerock in Prescott, Ariz. 

In the past. Brethren young adults 
from the West have had to make the 
long trek eastward to the conference, 
held annually over Thanksgiving. This 
year eastern Brethren were invited to 
travel the long distance — and travel 
they did, with attendance at "East 
Coast" levels — 106 participants. 

The theme "Peace-ing It Together: 
Word and Deed" was chosen to allow 
participants to struggle with issues 
dealing with inner and outer peace. In 
small groups, participants discussed 
the things that do not make for lasting 

inner or outer peace — global con- 
flicts, political strife, denominational 
divisions, and personal brokenness. 
Main sessions led by Chuck Boyer, 
pastor of the La Verne (Calif.) Church 
of the Brethren, focused on the com- 
plexity of human beings and how that 
relates to issues of peacemaking. Boyer 
asked the young adults to identify the 
perspectives from which they approach 
issues of religion, such as peacemak- 
ing. Acknowledging the ways in which 
we each interpret the Scriptures, as 
well as recognizing what matters most 
to each of us as Christians, is an im- 
portant starting point when engaging 
people who have differing beliefs. In 
the midst of our disagreements, it is 
easy to recognize the complexity of be- 
ing human and simply "getting along" 
with one another. 

"Chuck asked us to think about 
the perspectives that we bring to 
reading the Bible, whether radical, 
evangelical, fundamental, or liberal," 
said Lisa Ebaugh, a BVSer from 

Enjoying the fact that this year's 
conference was held west of the 
Mississippi are Jeremy Hoke, Andrea 
Wells, and Matt Giiynn (above), who 
soak in the Grand Canyon 's majestic 
scenery. Friends Tina Rieman and 
Elizabeth Farmer share a moment 
together (top right). Chuck Boyer. 
conference leader, addresses a 
workshop (left). 

Westminster, Md. "Obviously there 
was a broad spectrum at the confer- 
ence; but when it came to worshiping 
God, from whatever perspective, you 
could really feel the praise." 

Attendees had many opportunities 
to engage a variety of issues in work- 
shops, and through diverse worship 
experiences: a celebration of the con- 
nections we share as human beings, a 
traditional Brethren love feast ser- 
vice, and a worship that included 
personal stories about peacemaking 
on global, local, and interpersonal 
levels, and anointing. 

As a way of bringing the conference 
full circle from peacemaking skills to 
inner peace, Boyer guided the group 
through discussions of the creation 
account in Genesis. Acknowledging 
the varieties of ways that people in- 
terpret this story, Boyer noted, "To 
say that human beings are capable of 
wrong things is to speak of the com- 
plexity of human life." 

Young adults are no strangers to the 
divisions in the church, many experi- 
encing the pain of such divisiveness 
firsthand. But at the conference, par- 
ticipants were given the opportunity to 
discuss their pain from the past, speak 
about the present, and look toward the 
future in ways that will help 
bridge gaps among us all. 


Shawn Replogle is a third year student at 
Bethany Theological Seminary. 

10 Messenger February 1997 

My secret 


brought neither 

shame nor 

ridicule. Isn't it 

funny hovu we 

fool ourselves 

into thinking 

that the things 

we do in secret 

will not count 

against us? 



by Robin Wentworth Mayer 

Sunday, 10 a.m.: It was 
my turn to help with 
the once-a-month fellowship 
break. I watched with 
hungry eyes as the Young 
Adult Class set out dozens 
of picture-perfect, home- 
baked cookies. Temptations 
beckoned, but I prevailed. 

Same day, noon: 1 joined 
the Senior High Youth for 
their meeting. The cookies 
were back, and they had 
only grown more lovely with 
age. Enticing, but I resisted. 

Later, 2 p.m.: I arrived 
home, alone. I checked the 
messages, changed clothes, 
made a phone call, ate a 
dozen cookies, let the dog 
out, and read the paper. 

Later, 4 p.m.: I left with 
family for a church skating 
party. At the skating rink I 
ignored the cookies, as if 
willpower somehow could 
take on retroactive proper- 
ties and expunge my 
dastardly deed. Daintily I 
nibbled on low-fat veggies. 
Maybe no one would notice 
the scarlet C on my chest. 

No one did. 

God did not zap me. 
Friends did not forsake me. 
My secret indulgence brought 
neither shame nor ridicule. 

Isn't it funny how we fool 
ourselves into thinking that 
the things we do in secret 
will not count against us? As 
long as no one knows ... as 
long as no one else gets hurt 
... as long as I don't cause 
anyone else to stumble ... as 
long as I keep my faith with 
other commitments ... as 

long as it's just this once. 

The problem is, though, 
as long as it remains hidden, 
it is never "just this once." 
"Then when lust has con- 
ceived, it gives birth to sin; 
and when sin is accom- 
plished, it brings forth 
death" (}as. 1:15, NAS). 

A married woman 
becomes enamored with 
another man. Lust is con- 
ceived. While they transgress 
no physical boundaries, she 
attaches emotionally the soul 
that belongs to another. Sin 
is accomplished. As a result 
she no longer feels anything 
for this husband to whom 
she promised faithfulness. A 
marriage dies. 

A man becomes dissatisfied 
with his work routine and 
longs for the power and sta- 
tus of his superiors. Lust is 
conceived. He begins to re- 
port luncheon meetings with 
bogus clients and pads his ex- 
pense account. Sin is accom- 
plished. He is not as smart as 
he thinks he is, so when his 
infraction is discovered, he is 
fired. A career dies. 

A teenager resents his 
parents' rules and envies his 
friends who have no curfew. 
Lust is conceived. So, one 
night he lies to Mom and 
Dad in order to sneak over 
to a friend's older brother's 
apartment. Sin is accom- 
plished. They drink beer 
and watch porno movies till 
dawn. Innocence dies. 

A person who has resolved 
to lose weight begins to feel 
cheated because others do 
not have the same battle. 
Lust is conceived. She main- 

tains a front publicly, but in 
secret makes choices that are 
diametrically opposed to her 
goals. Sin is accomplished. 
It only takes a few such 
offenses for her to feel like a 
total failure. Hope dies. 

Every time we begin to re- 
sent something about our 
current situation and angrily 
tell ourselves: "I deserve bet- 
ter!" we have allowed lust to 
be conceived. After that, 
choices contrary to our stan- 
dards and commitments (sin, 
that is) follow much more 
easily. Then when sin is ac- 
complished, something dies. 

And it's not always a physi- 
cal death. More often it's the 
death of a relationship . . . the 
death of wonder ... the death 
of trust . . . the death of in- 
tegrity. . . the death of a dream. 

That's why fames also tells 
us to "confess your sins to 
one another ... so that you 
may be healed" (Jas. 5:16, 
NAS). Lust can only grow in 
darkness. Sin can only pre- 
vail in secrecy. Confession 
brings them into the Light 
where lust's power is neu- 
tralized, and sin's appeal is 
weakened. Which in turn 
sets us free to make choices 
that lead, not to death, r-rj-i 
but to life. ^ 

Robin Wentu'orlh Mayer is 
pastor of Kokomo (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a column offer- 
ing suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said in 
her first installment. "Remember 
when it comes to managing life's diffi- 
culties, we don 't need to walk on 
water We just need to learn where the 
stepping stones are. " 

February 1997 Messenger 1 1 

Out of 

As a boy in Nebraska, David Wine resisted the calling 

that his grandmother said was his. When he finally 

accepted it, he set out on a path that has led him to 

the denomination s highest elective office. 


BY Kermon Thomasson 

-oderator David Wine is shy, very shy. 

That will come as a surprise to many. Anyone who has 
heard this tall, handsome man of sunny mien address the 
"Bruth'n" (as he renders that word in an accent birthed on 
the windswept northern Great Plains) in his glib, bright way 
might argue the contrary. 

David Wine acknowledges that he comes across as a 
boisterous, glad-handing, back-slapping extrovert, exuding 
high-spirited Brethren bonhomie. That's the way he wants 
it. The image that overlays the real person protects the 
shyness he reverts to when opportunity arises. 

How has he come to perfect this outward 
image? "I learn what's required of me, and I do 
it," he explains simply, as if the line were as 
well rehearsed as his act. "I have had to over- 
come the desire to hide away from group 
process and leading. I form my habits by rep- 
etition until they seem to reflect whom I am." 

But, despite the years of passing as an 
extrovert, David insists, "I am still a shy boy, 
a strong introvert. My strengths are reading, 
hiking, and solitude. Most people don't real- 
ize it." 

Coming from Enders, Neb., gives a 
clue to the shyness. Enders is modestly 
tucked away in the southwest corner of the 

state, with blank space all around it on the Rand McNally 
Road Atlas map. Brethren meetings began there in a 
vacant sod house in 1887, and the Pioneer congregation 
was born (to be renamed Enders in 1917). The 
founding Brethren were, like David Wine's 
great-grandfather, pioneers from back east, 
seeking farmland on the frontier. 

David grew up on the farm operated by 
his parents, Marlin and Lois Wine. David, 
as a boy, did his share of the farm chores, 
looking after the cattle and helping with the 
hay. "I put in lots of tractor time," he says. 
"Fencing ... all the usual." 

Another clue to the shyness . . . and to the 

need for privacy ... is David's present home, 

400 acres of old prairie near Abilene, Kan. He 

lives there in a stylishly rustic house set in a 

35-acre grove of ancient oaks and walnuts. 

Prairie fires set by Indians and lightning 
kept the land denuded of large trees except 
along the creek bottoms. David, an ardent 
environmentalist, has planted 8,500 trees 
and shrubs on his land, built ponds, and 
restored 200 acres to pristine prairie grass- 
land. His plantings are mostly oak, walnut, 
cedar, osage orange, plums, and chokeber- 

1 2 Messenger February 1997 

ries. He has won a National Wildlife Habitat Conserva- 
tion award for his work. 

In earlier times, the Pawnee Indians made the area 
their stomping grounds. In solitary hikes around his 
acres, David enjoys picking up artifacts left by his Pawnee 
predecessors. Getting away to his own land is, for David, 
a restorative exercise. 

Many moderators, he observes, cite their year in the 
church's highest elective office as the highlight of their 
career. "They thrive on it," he says. "They grow stronger 
by it." But his year will never be that, he insists. "I can't 
wait until July 6, 1997." 

In order to find the strength to play the extrovert, 
David has to first find time to pull away. "I have to find 
time to rejuvenate my spirit. I often retreat right on my 
own land. I can go out and sit by a stream for half a day, 
all alone, just reflecting and thinking." 

That revelation is in line with the covenant that David 
made with the denomination in his inaugural remarks last 
July. He stated that in the coming year, he would devote 
himself to spiritual renewal through spending an hour a 
day in prayer, a day a month in prayer, and a week in a 
personal prayer retreat sometime during the year. 

To the question of how that's working out, the mod- 
erator laughs and replies, "Every day is a challenge. To 
carry through with the commitment, to recommit myself: 
That's a challenge." 

Part of the challenge is just to find the time during a 
busy day to draw away. "I have had to learn to be creative in 
order to find the time each day to pray. Sometimes I'm in an 
airplane seat. Sometimes I'm in a church sanctuary before I 
preach." And, he adds, he has had help: "Many people, sen- 
sitive to my need, have made sure I had a place to pray." 

David is pleased with the response his prayer 
covenant has sparked. "Literally hundreds of people have 
written me about the prayer commitment and taken up 
the same challenge. Whole congregations or church 
boards, in some instances." 

David has found more than one personal benefit from 
his prayer regimen. His family — wife Jana, and teenage 
daughters Jennifer and Tiffany — claim that his praying 
has made him "nicer." He laughs, but acknowledges it's a 
fact. "The prayer discipline provides a sense of balance, 
of centering, of prioritizing. It does make me 'nicer.'" 

If not for having to stop for prayer, David likely could 
talk all day about the benefits of the discipline. "Prayer gives 
me a sense of peace and inner-confidence. It's 'spiritual fit- 
ness.' It's like jogging, in a way. You have to keep doing it. 
If you break the routine, you have to rebuild the discipline. 

The moderator enjoys nothing better than solitary ivalks as 
time for prayer and reflection (facing page). He admits that 
his wife, Jana, and daughters. Jennifer and Tiffany, say that 
his increased prayer time this year lias made him "nicer. " 

The apostle Paul emphasized spiritual fitness over physical 
fitness. The spiritual side of us doesn't just happen." 

Drawing away from the crowd to pray fits right in 
with being shy. David tells a story on himself that demon- 
strates just how shy he was as a boy. Once, in high 
school, he was slated to give a speech before his FFA 
(Future Farmers of America) group. On the morning of 
the speech, he announced to his mother that he was ill 
and needed to stay home in bed. A thermometer was pro- 
duced to check this story out. David stuck the 
thermometer under the water heater to produce the 
"proof" of his claim. It worked. Tom Sawyer could not 
have improved upon the trick. 

David's grandfather was David G. Wine (1871-1950). 
A pioneer Brethren minister in Nebraska, he won wide 
renown (see next story). He died three years before the 
future moderator was born, but his widow, Lottie Keller 
Wine, lived on until 1973. Lottie used to tell her young 
grandson, "You are going to be the next 'David Wine.'" 

His shyness and typical kid's cussedness regarding 
family observations prompted David to resist his grand- 
mother's prediction. But it is significant, David points 

February 1997 Messenger 13 

out, that despite his shyness and 
his resistance to filling the shoes 
of his grandfather as his name- 
sake, "whenever the other kids 
and I played 'church,' I always 
insisted on being the preacher!" 

When high school was com- 
pleted, David entered McPherson 
College, in Kansas. Having 
resisted the call to ministry that 
his grandmother had proclaimed, 
David, as a McPherson sopho- 
more, began to feel the inexorable 
pull toward ministry. And he 
yielded. "I graduated in 1975 
with a dual degree in education 
and in philosophy and religion. I 
did that because of my conviction 
that the small church was critical 
to denominational life, and I 
wanted to serve a small church." 

And as for the call to min- 
istry, David is grateful that his 
grandmother lived to see him 
hcensed in 1973. "She took satisfaction in my fulfilling her 
prediction; at least I was headed toward fulfilling it." 
During his last year of college, David served as associate 
pastor at Monitor Church of the Brethren, a small congre- 
gation north of McPherson. 

Upon college graduation, David took two steps that steered 
him in the direction his career would take for the next 20 years 
at least. He took the pastorate of Buckeye 
Church of the Brethren, a small church 1 
miles from Abilene, Kan. Across the rural 
road intersection from Buckeye church are 
the offices of Mutual Aid Association (MAA) . 
a Brethren-based insurance company 
founded in 1885. (See "Big Times in Buck- 
eye: Celebrating a Century of Mutual Aid," 
by Kermon Thomasson, August 1985.) The 

"I have to find time to 

rejuvenate my spirit. 

I often retreat right on 

my own land. 
I can go out and sit by 

A deserted mining camp in the 

Colorado Mountains is one of 
David's favorite hiking destina- 
tions. He hasn 't had many 
getaway times this past year. 

leadership, having served during 
his college years on the planning 
committee for the 1974 National 
Youth Conference and on an 
Annual Conference Alcohol 
Study Committee. 

Buckeye flourished under 
David's leadership. It had from 
1 5 to 20 people attending Sunday 
services when he began. It had - 
about 60 when he left. And the 
growth was mainly among young 
families. Mutual Aid also grew 
during those years, doubling its 
size, and becoming increasingly a 
denominationwide ministry. 

And ministry it is, accord- 
ing to David. "The vision of 
Mutual Aid is to serve and strengthen the Church of the 
Brethren. It's a ministry that I am in." 

It's a full-time ministry, too. In 1987, David resigned 
as Buckeye pastor to take on additional leadership at 
Mutual Aid. But he considered this merely a shift of min- 
istry, not a removal from ministry. "It was only a move 
from a congregational ministry to an organizational min- 
istry," he clarifies. 

Along with becoming president of 
Mutual Aid Association, David moved 
into deeper involvement in denomina- 
tional life. At the 1989 Orlando Annual 
Conference, he was elected to a five-year 
term on the denomination's General 
Board. Two years later he became chair- 
man of the Board and served for three 

company was looking for someone to develop a Stream J Or halj a day, years. Ayear after that he was elected 

MAA across the denomination, and so it 
hired the new Buckeye pastor. Since then, 
David has worked himself up the MAA lead- 
ership ladder — secretary/treasurer, vice ^^^^^^ 
president, and, since 1991, president. 

When David became the Buckeye pastor, then West- 
ern Plains District executive Wilbur Hoover steered him 
to the new Education for a Shared Ministry (EFSM) pro- 
gram launched by the General Board's Parish Ministries 
Commission and Bethany Theological Seminary. In 
November 1980, David graduated from EFSM and was 
ordained all in one ceremony. 

By then he had already cut his teeth in denominational 

14 Messenger February 1997 

all alone, just reflecting 
and thinking." 

Annual Conference moderator-elect, to 
serve as moderator in 1996-1997. The 
past decade has been busy for David. 

The current redesigning and restruc- 
turing of the General Board, to be acted 
on this summer at Long Beach, likely will overshadow 
everything else on the Annual Conference agenda, as it 
already is doing for the denomination at large. David con- 
siders this process to be his main challenge as moderator, 
and it is dominating his year. 

David sees a definite role for himself in the redesign 
and restructuring as the highest elected official in the 
denomination, even though, as moderator, he is only an 

:David believes that the 
different components of the 
denomination need to contin- 
uously communicate with one 
lanotiier. A meeting of the 
Mutual Aid Association Board 
gives him a chance to talk 
with Henry H. Gibbel (left) 
of Pennsylvania and Wilfred 
E. Nolen (center), president of 
Brethren Benefit Trust. 

ex officio member of the General Board. "When one 
organizational component decides to redesign, the new 
design can't help but impact the rest of church life," he 
says. "It has a ripple effect, a domino effect." 

That being the case, David sees the need for him to 
work as moderator at fostering communication during 
this crucial time. "The challenge is to make sure that all 
the components are talking to each other — that they are 

David works intentionally at this. Several times, for 
example, he has called together such agencies and people 
as the Brethren Benefit Trust, Bethany 

Seminary, the General Board chair- DuVld SCeS the flCed foT htfTl 
woman, staff administrators, and Annual , 7 _7 ^ ^ 

n ( (f xu u u. to work as moderator at 

Conrerence oiticers. These are brought ^t-v^»/y^w-^ ,,i-y^yyv^^,v^v^Kj, w-.- 

together not as a formal group, but for foSterillg COmmUlllCatlOn 

the purpose of communicating, iron 

ing out differences, seeing the potential 
sticky wickets before the ball has to 
pass through them. 

This has led to the moderator having 
a higher profile than usual and a deeper 
involvement that some other leaders 
have questioned. David is aware of the 
criticism around the denomination. 
"People keep saying that I apparently 
have an 'agenda' I want to accomplish. 
But they misunderstand my purpose. And if they think I 
am overstepping my stated duties, then they are not famil- 
iar with those duties. The Manual of Organization and 
Polity clearly calls for the moderator to serve the General 
Board in a consultative capacity." 

Eyebrows were raised when, at David's urging last 
June, Program and Arrangements Committee hired consul- 
tant Bentley Peters in a one-year-at-a-time contractual 
agreement. The consultant, it was felt, was particularly 
needed in this time of redesign and restructure, coupled 
with the transition of general secretaries. Consultant Peters 
works mainly with the Conference officers, as they, in turn, 
work with the various agencies of the denomination. 

David likes to refer to any present lack of clarity in the 
steps toward restructuring as "muckiness." In the midst of 

the "muckiness," our various components really need to 
be communicating . . .networking. He bowed out of an 
official visit to the church in Nigeria last month to avoid 
taking time from his stateside travels. The farthest afield 
he will travel is to the Caribbean later this month, attend- 
ing the Annual Assembly of the Church of the Brethren in 
Dominican Republic, then pushing on to visit Brethren 
congregations in Puerto Rico. 

David sees himself as a proactive moderator. "I am 
spending more hours and days than most moderators at 
working on communication." And not only is he the first 
Baby Boomer moderator, he is the 
first one to get out and cruise on the 
Information Superhighway. "I am the 
first moderator to give out an e-mail 
address, a toll-free telephone 
number, and a toll-free fax number to 
the entire church," he points out. 

during this crucial time of 

redesign. "The challenge is Those, by the way, are (e-mail): 

to 7na\e sure that all the 

components are tallying to 

each other — that they are 

communicating. "; (tele- 
phone): (800) 255-1243, ext. 11; 
(fax) (800) 238-7535; and (mail) 
3094 leep Road, Abilene, KS 67410. 
Another first for the moderator is 
his own newsletter, ModCob, which 
has been mailed since September to 
pastors, leaders, and denominational 
employees. In it, David keeps Brethren informed about 
and in dialog with the Annual Conference office. 

The response to all these overtures toward communi- 
cation has been "voluminous." And David claims he 
answers every contact. "It takes two or three hours a day 
to answer the responses I receive. I come back from a trip 
and have 120-130 e-mail messages alone." 

What kind of messages does a moderator receive? Most 
of them, David says, are affirming. "Most people just want 
to be in touch, to bring greetings, to express concerns. They 
raise structural questions. They ask how they can get 
involved. And some of the messages are issue-oriented." 

David is not worried that he might be building a per- 
sonal following. "It's not David Wine the people are 
reaching out to. Brethren still want to hear from and be in 

February 1997 Messenger 1 5 

David grew up on an Enders, Neb. farm, starting early in 
life to help his father. Marlin Wine, with the chores. 

Living up 
to a name 

BY Berwyn L. Oltman 

From the day that I received 
the announcement of his birth, 
I questioned the wisdom of his 
parents giving him the name David. 
Moderator David M. Wine is my first 
cousin. He was born after I left our 
home church and community, and I 
knew him only as the mischievous 
boy who was hanging around the 
church or at family gatherings when 
I was home on vacation. I am closer 
to his father, my Uncle Marlin Wine, 
who was my peace hero when he 
served in Civilian Public Service 
during World War II, and who was 
always ready to discuss the deep 
questions of Hfe with me. 

The problem with the choice of 
names was that my grandfather was 
named David Wine, and I venerated 
him. As the years go by, I am more 
and more impressed with the spiritual 
stature of my grandfather and am 
increasingly proud of my heritage. I 
miss having William Beahm around 

touch with their moderator. They know the moderator is 
the highest elected official in the denomination. The mod- 
erator is somebody they can reach." 

In a time when the Brethren are seen by some as join- 
ing the rest of society in cynical despair over leadership, 
David finds them maintaining a deep trust in the church. 
That's why, he thinks, so many Brethren are reaching out 
to the moderator this year. But David insists it has noth- 
ing to do with him personally. "Other moderators have 
told me I would see that people have an awe and rever- 
ence for the moderator. And it is proving true." 

As for the redesign of the General Board, David takes 
comfort in his view that what may appear to be radical is 
not that radical at all. Basic to the redesign is the idea that 
the General Board's job is to serve the congregations. 
That is a "major paradigm shift," David admits. But, he 
goes on to point out, "in a sense, the redesign is getting 

to greet me (as he did almost every 
day at Bethany Biblical Seminary), 
"Good morning, Berwyn Oltman, 
grandson of elder D.G. Wine of 
Enders, Neb." I have had the feeling 
that no one could live up to the name 
"David Wine." I have a brother David 

and two other cousins have David for 
a middle name, but there are different 
surnames involved. I realize that our 
moderator's maternal grandfather 
was also a David — David Frantz, a 
dedicated layman from eastern 
Nebraska. But can there really be 

16 Messenger February 1997 

US back to our traditional way of doing ministry at the 
local level. Thus what sounds radical isn't." 

Expect David Wine to be upbeat in his state of the 
denomination address at Long Beach. "I live with a 
tremendous amount of hope and excitement for the Church 
of the Brethren. Why? In periods of great change, we are 
called back to what is important — to our foundation." 

And the foundation, David declares, is (esus Christ. 
Building on him, the Brethren, in their work and ministry, 
have something special, unique, and needed to give. "For 
example. Brethren have special gifts of stewardship and 

But in the midst of hope-filled talk, David throws in a 
caution: "At some time we must rethink what it means to 
be the church. It is not numbers and dollars that count. It 
is more to faithfulness to the the teachings of Christ, 
toward the stewardship of life in total." 

David enjoins the Brethren not to measure their success 
by the world's standards. He is intrigued that the present 
Brethren membership, about 144,000, has a scriptural ring 
to it. Revelation 7: 3-4 has 144,000 "servants of God" 
being marked for salvation with a seal on their foreheads. 

Rather than wringing our hands over our small mem- 
bership, we should think positively, David says. "There is 
a magnitude of possibilities with the numbers we do have. 
I tell churches that the gospel began with 12 disciples. We 
have 12 times 12.000 — 144,000. Now wouldn't lesus 
consider that extravagant?" 

David harks back to his growing up in the Enders 
congregation in the far reaches of Nebraska. "Enders has 
had 40 to 60 members steadily through the years. But just 
start listing the ministries and people that have come out 
of Enders and its ministry becomes large. As a denomina- 
tion, we should measure our ministry that way." 

And so we come back to where we began, in Enders, 
Neb. There a shy farm boy in the 1950s heard his grand- 
mother say he would be the next David Wine. So he 
proved to be. And he has expanded the role. Grandfather 
David G. Wine was affectionately known as the "Bishop of 
Nebraska." The grandson's calling has taken him beyond 
Nebraska to the denomination's highest office. Not bad 
for a boy from the backwaters who is so shy. 

Now the next David Wine really has his work rrpi 
cut out for him. Cjjd 

David Wine's grandparents, Lottie and 
David G. Wine, played important roles 
in his life. The "Bishop of Nebraska" 
had a famous name to be lived up to. 

another David Wine? 

D.G. Wine was a patriarch. He and 
my grandmother, Lottie M. Keller, 
were parents of 13 children, all of 
whom were strong willed and tal- 
ented. D.G. Wine was a gentle, 
loving father, always ready to listen 
to his children. (An introduction to 
his compassionate character is found 
in the Brethren Press book /I Bonnet 
For Virginia, by Evelyn Frantz). He 
taught his family carefully. It took 
only one stern look from his piercing 
eyes or one word in his strong voice 
to stop a disobedient act. That same 
gift of discipline was used with 
people who were mentally ill and 
placed under his care. The strength 
of leadership that he offered to his 
family was also his gift to the church. 
He was often referred to as the 
"Bishop of Nebraska." 

D.G. Wine was also a philosopher. 
His keen, questioning mind was 
involved in a life-long pursuit of 
truth. Because of the death of his 
mother when he was 1 3 years old, he 
did not have the opportunity to com- 
plete his formal education. He 
compensated for this by reading 
voraciously. (The story of his youth 
is recorded in a booklet. Keeping the 
Promise, written and published for 
the family by Gladys Snavely Welch). 
His library included almost every 
book that was made available 
through the Gish Fund. He once said 
that he always read a book from 
cover to cover, staying up all night if 
necessary to complete what he had 
started. He was ready to engage in 
dialog about theological issues or 
philosophical questions. 

Paul Bechtold, who spent most of 
his adult years as a college professor, 
told me about a visit to the Wine 
home when he was serving as a 
pastor of the Bethel Church in 
Nebraska. He was so hungry for 

serious discussion that he had a 
marathon conversation with D.G. 
Wine at the dining room table at the 
Wine home, beginning with a noon 
meal and continuing through the 
noon meal the next day. D.G.'s sons 
left the table to continue the farm 
work and to do chores, and the 
daughters cleared the table and set it 
for the next meals at appropriate 
times while the two isolated preach- 
ers voiced their lofty thoughts. 

An important part of every family 
gathering during my high school 
years was the time when I could sit at 
a footstool by Granddad's chair and 
ask questions that were on my mind 
or be stimulated by questions that he 
would ask me. 

In 1934, M.R. Zigler wrote to 
D.G. Wine: "I want to express my 
sincere thanks for the letters you 
write me. I like to read them over 
and over again. They are always 
filled with things that make me 
think. I hardly ever make an address 
but that somehow some of your let- 

February 1997 Messenger 17 

ters come before me as great chal- 
lenges to present my convictions 
more fervently." 

D.G. Wine was a pioneer, one of 
many Brethren ministers who located 
on the western frontier. Instead of 
moving on west, he put down roots 
and built a church. As a leader on the 
District Mission Board, he also played 
a part in planting other churches. He 
gave direction to pastoral placement 
and planning for funding of mission 

churches. His version of the free min- 
istry involved not only serving the 
Church of the Brethren congregation 
that he started, but also providing pas- 
toral services to an entire county. 
Quite often he would give instructions 
to his sons about the work that needed 
to be done on the farm, then hitch up 
his team and head across the county to 
conduct a funeral. At times the barber- 
shop in the county seat town became 
his pulpit. The conversations always 

took on a different tenor when he 
walked into the shop. For years he was 
a favorite baccalaureate speaker at the 
county high school. 

At one time Granddad was a 

Z^ prisoner. A Brethren family 
^ ^Lseeking a new start responded 
to his enthusiasm about the potential 
of land in western Nebraska. D.G. 
Wine was a master with words, and 
his description of the land was proba- 

Vintage Wines 
of old Virginia 

Moderator David Wine, a 
product of the Great Plains, 
sets great store by his Wine 
heritage and makes pilgrimages back 
to the family shrines in Virginia's 
Shenandoah Valley. These are in the 
Forestville area north of New Market. 

The chief shrine is the old Wine 
homestead, built by Michael Wine, 
who, as a three-year-old, migrated 
from Germany with his father, 
George, in 1749. George Wine, 
upon arriving at Philadelphia from 
Rotterdam on the good ship Elliot. 
signed in as Johann Gorg Wien and 
settled among the Brethren in Penn- 
sylvania. Michael moved down to the 
Shenandoah Valley in the 1 780s and 
was an early and active member of 
the Flatrock congregation. That 
congregation's exact date of organi- 
zation is uncertain, but likely the 
church had been established a few 
years before Michael Wine arrived 
from Pennsylvania about 1782. 

Most Brethren congregations of 
that time did not have meeting- 
houses. Like many Brethren, Michael 
Wine designed his house to be used 
for rehgious gatherings. Hinged par- 
titions were used instead of interior 

walls, so that on meeting days the 
partitions could be folded up and 
hooked to the ceiling joists, creating 
a large meeting room. The Wine 
house, still standing today, was one 
of four homes in which the Flatrock 
Brethren met on a 16-week rotation 
basis, until the first meetinghouse 
was erected in 1841. 

The 1 794 Annual Meeting was held 
in the Wine house. In 1 800, Annual 
Meeting was again held in the area, 
but there are no records that specify 
the exact location. Quite likely, how- 
ever, that Annual Meeting was also 
hosted by the Wine family. 

While Annual Meeting usually was 
held at Whitsuntide, the 1794 meet- 
ing convened on October 20. (The 
Old German Baptist Brethren still 
hold their Annual Meeting at Whit- 

The business before the 1 794 
Annual Meeting included a discussion 
of the "ban" (excommunication). The 
Brethren agreed to continue invoking 
the ban in extreme cases. 

The ban may actually have been 
invoked eventually in another 1 794 
business item — dealing with the case 
of maverick minister lohn Ham of 

North Carolina, who was stirring up 
controversy by his preaching of a 
"strange doctrine" (universalism). 
The case dragged on until 1800. 
Ham and his followers were then 
drummed out of the church. 

The Wine family continued to be 
prominent in the Flatrock church 
until it pulled up stakes and migrated 
to Nebraska in 1877. Moderator 
David Wine's grandfather, David 
Glick ("D.G.") Wine, was six years 
old at the time of the move. 

Six score years of life on the Great 
Plains, in the extreme southwest 
corner of Nebraska, have left their 

18 Messenger February 1997 

oly quite poetic. A year of drought 
and crop failure prompted the 
Drother to sue for "misrepresentation 
af facts." Since the communication 
had been by letter, the district court 
onvicted D.G. Wine of mail fraud, 
[n good Dunker fashion, he chose 
not to have legal representation. He 
simply responded to questions in a 
straightforward way. No one in his 
congregation offered to testify in his 
behalf. When he was being hand- 

le Wine house north of New 
'arket. Va., shown here as it 
jpeared in 1 908, hosted the 
794 Annual Meeting, and 
jssibly the 1800 event as well. 

lark on the present-day Wines, but 
le heritage of the Shenandoah 
alley years and the ongoing values 
f the Brethren have not diminished, 
loderator David Wine comes to us 
om the Nebraska prairies, but as 
is periodic pilgrimages to Virginia 
test, he cherishes his legacy estab- 
ihed in the Brethren heartland back 
ist. — Kermon Thomasson 

cuffed to be transported to a state 
prison, however, a neighboring 
farmer who never attended church 
services objected. "You are not going 
to treat this honest man like a 
common criminal. I will accompany 
him on the train, and I can guarantee 
you that he will not escape." 

Ieaving his teenage sons in 
charge of the farm and his wife 
^ in charge of the young family 
and the frustrating business deci- 
sions. Granddad spent the next 18 
months in prison. He was granted 
liberty to spend time in the public 
library, and enjoyed the luxury of 
having hours to read and read. Cor- 
respondence with his family from 
those months provide poignant 
expressions of faith and love. Grand- 
dad once told me, "Those were some 
of the most productive months of my 
life for the development of my mind." 
D.G. Wine was a progressive church- 
man. The untimely death of his mother 
prompted him to question some of the 
traditional platitudes of preachers. 
Prompted by the culture of the fron- 
tier, he was forced to discern which of 
the old Brethren values represented 
timeless truths. His children have vivid 
memories of the day when he had his 
beard shaved off and came home to 
face toddlers who cried because they 
didn't recognize their daddy. 

The church that he planted had not 
only a piano but also an entire 
orchestra. The Wine family orchestra 
was featured at community events 
and at district meetings. No wonder 
Grandma Lottie was upset when she 
heard a California preacher (during a 
visit in 1922) preach against the use 
of instrumental music in church. She 
wrote to D.G.: "I have no desire to 
discuss things like that where the 
Bible does not say 'don't,' and it's up 
to the different congregations and 
circumstances as in our frontier 
experiences . . .especially with men 
like brother , who likely never 

has labored in fields like ours and 
others similar to it." 

Today we would say that my grand- 
parents planted a "seeker-sensitive" 
church. It is only in recent years that I 
realized the significance of an uncle's 
statement when, as a senior in high 
school, I joined the family in viewing 
my grandfather's lifeless body laid out 
in a coffin. He said, "We should put a 
Bible in one hand and The Christian 
Century in the other hand. Then it 
would look just as if he had fallen 
asleep while he was reading." 

D.G. Wine was a prophetic 
preacher. He spoke the truth with 
conviction. His physical stature and 
his booming voice and his concise 
logic made his messages unforget- 
table. He spoke without apology 
about peace in a time of war, about 
sacrifice in a time of affluence, about 
hope in a time of depression and 
drought, and about love and forgive- 
ness when the popular mood was 
that of hatred and revenge. 

It was at the 1993 Annual Confer- 
ence that I had to rethink my 
thoughts about my cousin. As chair- 
man of the General Board, David 
Wine stood up to respond to a ques- 
tion from the floor. He stood tall; he 
was poised; he spoke forthrightly and 
with conviction. 1 rode home from that 
Conference with David's parents, and 
stopped at the Abilene home. David 
came to greet us, having replaced his 
business suit with his farmer's clothes. 
His voice was warm with affection and 
friendliness. We talked briefly about 
issues facing the church. Although this 
David was born after our grandfather 
died, he certainly is carrying on the 
legacy, (ust as his grandfather led the 
Church of the Brethren into the 20th 
century, he is leading it into the 2 1 st 
century. So now I can say with com- 
plete sincerity, "Brother moderator, 
you are truly living up to your rrri 
name — David Wine." i J 

Bernyn L. Oilman is executive of Atlantic 
Southeast District. 

February 1997 Messenger 19 

Nigerian Brethren 
have church growth 

down pat 

At a time when the Nigerian 
economy is at a record low, 
and most congregations 
have little capital, EYN is 
continuing to start new 
worship centers and raise 
new church buildings at an 
astonishing rate. 

Story and Photos by Glenn Mitchell 

T> he people who worship at Mado are undergoing a 
change. After six years as an Ekklesiyar Yanuwa a 
Nigeria center for Christian Religious Instruction 
(CRI), under the )os congregation, they are becoming 
a congregation of their own. At the EYN Majalisa (Annual 
Meeting) in April 1996, their request for congregational 
status was granted. They are the 283rd congregation in 
EYN. A total of 28 worshiping communities were given con- 
gregational status at that Majalisa, which brings the current 
number of congregations to 3 10. Also received were two 
new Gundiimomi (districts), which now number 35. 

As a US pastor working for seven months with the Jos 
congregation of EYN and its pastor, Samuel Dali, while 
on sabbatical from my congregation in Pennsylvania, I 
had time to take a closer look at this pattern of growth. 
(Samuel Dali's wife, Rebecca, was the subject of the 
November 1996 Messenger cover story.) 

Part of this growth comes from the large number of chil- 
dren EYN families are bringing into the world. Families with 
six children are not uncommon, and some simple math 
quickly reveals the growth potential projected from such 
birth patterns alone. EYN also seems to retain members well. 
Much of the church growth that is occurring, especially in 
the larger cities, is related to EYN members who have relo- 
cated there and established an EYN presence in their new 
setting. US Church of the Brethren boom years in member- 
ship growth correlate as well to these two factors of high 
birth rate and expansion into new areas. 

What 1 have found more intriguing, however, and 
what is a model worth noting, is EYN's approach to 

20 Messenger February 1997 

A drummer sets the beat for 
hymn-singing at Mado 
(facing page). The church 
It Utane (right), under 
construction last year, is 
built of handmade blocks. 
A zinc roof would be added. 
The Mado church (lower 
'ight) is already so crowded 
"hat latecomers have to 
stand at the windows. 

;hurch planting. A worshiping community begins as a CRI 
;enter. All congregations have CRIs or what are commonly 
:alled preaching points or worship centers. What this 
means practically is that every congregation is directly 
invested and involved in growing the church. When a 
request comes for a new CRI, from either people in a 
given geographic area or the witness committee, the con- 
gregation considers it, and, if it is approved, an evangelist 
is appointed by the congregation to work with the new 
:ommunity. The evangelist provides pastoral care and visi- 
tation, and leads in the preaching on Sunday mornings. 

Usually the evangelist has received some training, but is 
act ordained. The most important qualities are a strong 
personal faith and a high commitment to working with 
the people to establish a growing faith community. 

These centers for worship and instruction often begin by 
meeting for worship under a tree or in a home, but as soon 
as the congregation can afford it, a meeting house is built to 
accommodate the worshipers. Although the first congrega- 
tion established in a new area often draws heavily on exist- 
ing EYN members living in the community, the preaching 
points of that fellowship in turn pull membership from the 
unchurched people of the area, which results in church growth 
beyond those who were EYN members in other locations. 

There are over 1,000 EYN CRIs in Nigeria. The Jos 
congregation is not unusual among EYN churches in 
vvorking with three preaching points at the same time. In 
addition to Mado, there is a CRI on the outskirts of Jos, in 
the community of Utane, and another one a 45-minute 
drive into the bush in the community of Nitseng. Both of 
these CRIs were started in 1993, and are good examples 
of different aspects of development. 

On the Nitseng site, a church building was erected 
over two years ago and now has a worshiping community 
of about 75 people. The focus of those from the Jos con- 
gregation working with the Nitseng community over the 
past year also has been on buying more land around the 
meeting house for a parsonage and possibly a health 
:linic, and the digging of a well to service the commu- 
nity's present needs. In addition, several people from that 
:ommunity are being sent to a community health training 
program sponsored through EYN's Rural Health Pro- 

gram. Those who are trained will return to their village to 
assist the people in primary health care. Establishing a 
strong concern for health care, especially in the rural 
areas, goes far to legitimate a worshiping community's 
presence in the village. 

With the Utane CRI, the people moved into a new 
church building last summer, following several years of 
worship in the garage of one of their members. The Jos 
Brethren have assisted paid carpenters in the construction 
work — making and laying the mud blocks, filling in the 
dirt subfloor, raising the rafters, nailing on the zinc roof, 
and plastering the walls. Simon Sati, one of the |os mem- 
bers helping with the project, exclaimed while shoveling 
fill dirt, "It is good for us to be out here together, work- 
ing side by side, laughing together, and having a good 
time. We are all a part of what is happening here." 

From the beginning, there is a strong incentive for each 

February 1997 Messenger 21 

CRI to become a congregation. Like 
a child in the family during adolescent 
years, there is the desire for freedom 
and independence, for until it reaches 
congregational status, the lines of 
authority and accountability are clearly 
back to the parent church. To receive 
congregational recognition, a preach- 
ing point must reach the following 
levels of participation: 

• 150 members 

• 20,000 naira a year (at current 
exchange rate, about $240). 

In addition, the preaching point 
must have: 

• Approval of the sponsoring con- 


• Ability to provide housing for a 

pastor when one is appointed. 

• An evangelist or leader. 

Mado officially marked its pas- 
sage to congregation last summer, 
but already plans were under way for 
shifting the Utane CRI to its congre- 
gation, while "los No. 1 " congregation 
continues with its other preaching 
point at Nitseng and considers begin- 
ning a couple of new CRIs in the 
coming years. 

For the los congregation, like other 
congregations established in a new 
area, there is the added incentive to 
grow to the numbers that qualify it to 
become its own gunduma (district), 

which necessitates a minimum of six ^^^^^^^ 


The story of congregational starts is similar in other 
parts of Nigeria. I worshiped with the "Maiduguri No. 1" 
congregation early in my EYN sojourn. 

Its story is often cited as an example of the growth 
potential that is being realized as EYN moves from the 
rural areas into the city. In 1978, 12 people met in a home, 
and officially began the EYN worshiping community in the 
Maiduguri area. There are today over 3,000 worshiping in 
two services on Sunday morning in "Maiduguri No. 1." Six 
congregations, each with an attendance of over 500 mem- 
bers, have been recognized in the area, and now form their 
own Gunduma. The Maiduguri church currently has five 
preaching points, with some of them moving quickly 
toward congregational status. 

This rapid growth does not indicate a chasing after 
numbers per se nor a lessening of membership standards. 
People desiring to join an EYN congregation typically 
spend up to a year in classes. Three to six months of that 
year are spent in a covenant class that looks at the ques- 

22 Messenger February 1997 

People desiring to join 

an EYN congregation 

typically spend up to a 

year in classes. Three 

to six months of that 

year are spent in a 

covenant class, then an 

additional six months in 

a baptism class. 

The rough-hewn pulpit at Mado 
bespeaks, in its stark beauty, 
the simplicity of the gospel as 
preached in EYN. 

tion: "What does it mean to be a 
Christian?" This time is spent in 
Bible study and discussion around 
the foundational tenants of the 
faith. Another important goal of 
these classes is teaching some edu- 
cational basics missed in Nigerian 
schools. Following the class, if a 
person affirms, "Yes, I want to 
become a Christian," there is par- 
ticipation for an additional six 
months in a baptism class that 
looks at the question "What does it 
mean to be a member of this con- 
gregation?" Following completion 
of these classes, the candidates are 
recommended for baptism. In 
1994, some 8,000 people were bap- 
tized in EYN. In 1995, the number 
was 12,000, bringing the total to 
over 132,000 members. At the cur- 
rent rate of growth, Ekklesiyar 
Yanuwa a Nigeria will numerically 
surpass US Church of the Brethren 
membership in two to three years. 

At a time when the Nigerian 
economy is at a record low, and most 
congregations have little capital to 
work with, EYN is continuing to 
start new worship centers and raise 
new church buildings at an astonish- 
ing rate. Clearly, one of the strengths 
of the Ekklesiyar Yanuwa a Nigeria model for beginning new 
congregations is rooting the accountability for church growth 
in the sponsoring congregation. This accountability is possi- 
ble because a significant part of the congregation's identity 
and mission is invested in evangelism. 

As Samuel Dali says, "The primary goal of the EYN 
church, as it is in the minds of our members, is that once 
you become a Christian, you bring someone else to the 
church who is not a Christian. Our people know that evan- 
gelism is the basic responsibility of the Christian — moving 
from yourself to the other person who has not heard the 
gospel — moving from your neighbor to your village." 

In Mado, Utane, and Nitseng, the fruit of this com- 
mitment born out of the los congregation is evident. 
Welcoming the neighbor and helping to meet the needs of 
the village, all in the name of Christ, is growing the 
church in Nigeria. 

Glenn Mitchell is pastor of University Baptist and Brethren Church in 
State College. Pa. He spent a sabbatical in Nigeria in 1995-1996. 


BY H. Lamar Gibble 

X th 

here it was on the shelf of the 

Brethren Archives — Girdling 
the Globe by D. L. Miller. I 
hadn't thought about this book for 
years. But "girdling the globe" was on 
my mind while planning my farewell 
administrative visit to Asia because 
the least expensive travel would be a 
round-the-world fare. No, it would 
mot be a "girdling-the-globe" fare. It 
appears as if "girdling" has fallen into 
idisuse. Once again I held and perused 
this book that had planted some 
indelible memories on the impression- 
able mind of my youth. 

Other than the Bible, I grew up 
with a limited number of books in my 
home. This was a reality partly 
because of expense but also partly 
because "book learning" was not 
highly valued in the Brethren congre- 
gation of my boyhood. There were 
two books at home, however, that I 
do remember. One was a scary book 
on the 1889 Johnstown flood, which 
generated some of my youthful night- 
mares. I don't remember its title. The 
other book was the one plucked from 
the archives shelf. Stories from this 
book, along with the verbal pictures 
of global exploits painted by Lowell 
Thomas on his regular evening radio 
news broadcasts, provoked the first 
yearnings in my youthful mind and 
soul to know and experience more in 

to Asia? 

The harsh realities 

of our day, indeed 

of any era, compel us 

to re-envision and 

reformulate the 

church's mission just 

as was the case in our 

first mission efforts in 

Bulsar a century ago. 

God's magnificent creation than that 
which confined me then to a Pennsyl- 
vania Dutch and Brethren cultural 
and religious heritage. 

While memory had dimmed on the 
details of that book, I remembered a 
major focus on India. What I had 
forgotten was that brother Miller's 
global tour, with a lengthy stop 
related to the Brethren mission in 
India, had taken place less than a 

year after Wilbur and Mary Stover 
and Bertha Ryan began the witness 
and work in Bulsar. How could I 
have ever dreamed as I read those 
stories in my youth that 100 years 
after that account was written I 
would have the privilege of "girdling 
the globe" on my last administrative 
visit with our brothers and sisters in 
India who continue that work and 
witness begun a century ago? 

This farewell visit to the church and 
congregations of the Church of North 
India again focused mainly on the 
former Brethren areas. It was an 
exhilarating experience as we met 
with groups of pastors who gathered 
everywhere we went to express 
excitement about their ministry. In 
Anklesvar, Bulsar, Vyara, and Surat, 
large churches were filled with people 
from the surrounding congregations 
who had come to greet, garland, 
thank, and convey good wishes on my 
retirement. The new bishop of 
Gujarat, V.M. Malaviya, wanted us to 
know that the most rapidly growing 
area of the church is now in South 
Gujarat, where the Brethren had first 
planted the Christian church, and 
largely among tribal peoples. It is not 
only Wilbur Stover's famous banyan 
tree that still grows in South Gujarat. 

But all is not well. In these areas 
where I visited, as in much of India, 
population is exploding beyond the 
ability of the society to provide ade- 

February 1997 Messenger 23 

Lamar Gibble was garlanded at a 

November 1996 farewell reception in 
Bulsar (page 23). Over the 28 -years of 
his World Ministries staff work, Gibble 
has worked in many ecumenical and 
international settings. At right: He 
receives a medal from Poland's Minister 
of Agriculture Stanislaw Zieba in 1987, 
poses with Church of North India 
bishops Paul Chauhan and Samuel 
Joshua at the 1988 Annual Conference, 
and participates in a World Council of 
Churches Central Committee meeting in 
1976. Below: Gibble works on the 
China Agriculture Exchange with 
members of the Chinese Ministry of 
Agriculture in Elgin, III, in 1994. 

quate food and shelter. The green 
revolution brought increases in food 
production, but that has now peaked. 
Heavy use of irrigation and chemi- 
cals to increase food production now 
results in massive soil and water pol- 
lution. In the Anklesvar area the air 
reeks of chemical pollution out of 
control, a situation exacerbated by 
transnational corporations that 
exploit minimal national restrictions. 

Nor is the church immune to prob- 
lems. Disputes and schism divide and 
diminish its witness, particularly in 
the area where the Brethren first 
began the work. Litigation over prop- 
erty drains the energies and coffers of 
the diocese and the breakaway group. 
Years of exposure to this schism have 
convinced me that the central differ- 
ences are not related to theology, 
doctrine, or ordinances, but to issues 
of property and power. Unfortu- 
nately, some in our fellowship in the 
US naively or intentionally provide 
funds that support the schism, funds 
that assist more in covering costs for 
litigation than for ministry. 

Consultations and meetings in Hong 
Kong and Myanmar (Burma) revealed 
a similar mix of pain and possibility. 
In Hong Kong, the last vestiges of 
colonial control will soon be gone, and 
the territory will be returned to China. 
Within a vital Christian community 
there is awareness that the future will 
possibly bring major changes. Some 

anticipate new opportunities for wit- 
ness, while others are fearful. 

In Myanmar, Christians live under 
a very repressive military regime. Pri- 
vate conversations confirmed this 
repression. We were prevented from 
visiting with democratic movement 
leader and Nobel Prize winner Aung 
San Suu Kyi. At the Judson Baptist 
church on the university campus, 
where I was invited to bring greet- 
ings by its pastor and president of 
the Myanmar Council of Churches, it 
was Student Sunday, and the theme 
that the students had chosen was 
from Revelation — envisioning "a 
new heaven and a new earth." But 
amid all these difficulties, there is 
bold evidence of a vital Christian 
church, hallmarked by cooperation 
and unity — a church that longs for 
fellowship and support from the 
global Christian community. 

Certainly a collage of Asia today 
reflects pain and possibility. The 
painful images include burgeoning 
populations that exacerbate poverty, 
starvation, and homelessness. They 
include political and religious repres- 
sion, widespread pollution and 
ecological damage, a ravaging 
HIV/ AIDS epidemic, refugee and dis- 
placed populations, sexual exploitation 
of women and children, and expand- 
ing drug trafficking and addiction. 

But scattered through this painful 
collage are the images of possibility — 
bold challenges for the witness and 
service of a caring Christian commu- 
nity. These images reveal a vibrant and 
faithful church, usually a distinct reli- 
gious minority, that is committed to 
minister and serve and that longs for 
links with the larger church to support 
and sustain them in the struggle to be 
faithful in this critical time. 

24 Messenger February 1997 

Reflecting now on Asia, I am over- 
'vhelmed by how much has changed 
l.ince brother Miller's globe-girdling 
Experiences. His trip took more than 
|i year; mine took three weeks. Now 
!t takes about 1 5 hours to fly across 
[he Pacific; then it took 1 7 days by 
boat. But more than transportation 
Imd technology has changed our 
Ivorld. The Western colonial powers 
po longer hold sway in Asia. New 
political and economic centers have 
eplaced them. And within Christen- 
lom, most of the churches planted 
during that colonial past have 
;)ecome independent, often united, 
ind are creatively and effectively in 
mission in their respective social and 
|;ultural contexts while facing the 
.larsh realities just described. 

It is well then to remember that the 
larsh realities of our day, indeed of any 
i;ra, compel us to re-envision and re- 
brmulate the church's mission just as 
vas the case in our first mission efforts 
jn Bulsar a century ago. We sent and 
ivent with evangelical fervor and found 
massive human need in the midst of 
I'amine, and the good news found its 
lertile soil in orphanages, schools, 
medical care, and hospitals; the harsh 
ealities required nothing less than a 
lolistic gospel. It is dangerous then to 
)ecome arrogant and to delineate mis- 
ion too sharply or self-confidently. 

Some approximations of what the 
nission of the church should be in our 
lay are appropriate, but it is the gospel 

responsibly and sensitively communi- 
cated and appropriated in a particular 
context that is crucial. And if we accept 
Christ's life and ministry as a critical 
part of a holistic gospel, the missionary 
task of the church then becomes as 
broad and deep as the exigencies of life 
in our global community. 

My understanding of the missionary 
task of the church, formed during my 
childhood and youth, focused heavily 
on Matthew 28: 1 9-20. Now it is clear 
to me that while evangelism is one of 
the essentials of mission, it is not the 
only one. Of as great importance is the 
focus given as our Lord began his min- 
istry ( Luke 4: 1 6-2 1 ) and in the parable 
ofthegreatjudgment (Matt. 25:31-46). 
As I traveled again through Asia, this 
more holistic understanding of mission 
was reinforced. 

Being impacted again by the needs 
and the opportunities for witness and 
service in Asia, I find it implausible 
that at a time when the membership 
of the Church of the Brethren is 
financially more wealthy than it has 
ever been in its history we are seri- 
ously considering further radical 
reductions in our global witness. 
Given the reductions now being seri- 
ously considered by the General 
Board, I recognize that this might 

not only be my farewell to Asia but 
also our denomination's farewell. 
Will our brothers and sisters in Asia, 
and other regions, understand? Will 
Brethren be able in good conscience 
to live with such decisions? 

Discussion and debate about the 
mission of the Church of (esus Christ 
involves risks and dangers, unavoid- 
able risks if we are to be responsible 
and faithful witnesses as we face the 
exigencies of the 21st century. There- 
fore, recalling words of my favorite 
missiologist, the late David Bosch 
(Transforming Mission), I write of 
these experiences and perspectives in 
"bold humility." And, in "bold humil- 
ity," Bosch goes on to say of the 
mission of Christ in today's world: 
"We know only in part, but we do 
know. And we believe that the faith we 
profess is both true and just, and 
should be proclaimed. We do this, 
however, not as judges or lawyers, but 
as witnesses; not as soldiers, but as 
envoys of peace; not as high-pressure 
salespersons, but as ambassadors prj- 
of the Servant Lord." Amen! i ' 

H. Lamar Gibble retires next month as 
director of Peace and International Affairs 
and representative for Europe and Asia on 
the General Board's World Ministries staff. 
He has served on the staff since 1969. 

February 1997 Messenger 25 

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on tape for people who 
are visually impaired. 
Each double cassette 
issue contains all articles, 
letters, and the editorial. 

Messenger-on-Tape is 
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of Brethren Caregivers 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
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On bypassing study committees 

Dale W. Brown 

Let's model 
a new way 

In the debate at Cincinnati on the 
query "How Should Christian Faith Be 
Expressed in Political Processes?" a 
young sister in her teens bravely stood 
before the microphone. She simply 
asked, "What do Brethren believe 
about the Christian Right?" The offi- 
cers requested that she rephrase the 
concern so that it spoke to the query. 

She retreated, somewhat confused. 
Fortunately, she was met with empa- 
thetic and encouraging voices. And 
whether or not she or the Conference 
officers recognized it, she was very 
much in order: She was raising the 
same question as the query from the 
Crest Manor congregation and 
Northern Indiana District. 

In the context of asking how Christ- 
ian faith should be expressed in politi- 
cal processes, the query sought clarity 
as to whether current political move- 
ments that claim a Christian identity 
are consistent or inconsistent with 
Brethren understandings of biblical 
teachings about Christian discipleship 
and the Lordship of Christ. Although 
most Brethren would agree that 
Christian beliefs can be misused by 
people at any point along the political 
spectrum, many Brethren, like our 
young sister, are presently concerned 
about the Christian Right. 

Standing Committee recommend- 
ed acceptance of the query at the 
same time that it rejected the request 

To hold in respect and fellowship those in the church 
with whom we agree or disagree is a characteristic 
of the Church of the Brethren. It is to the continuation 
of this value, and to an open and probing forum, 
that "Opinions" are invited from readers. 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
"Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
of what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 

for a study committee, saying a com- 
mittee would cost a lot of money and 
minds would not be changed. It did 
encourage everyone to pray and 
study, using resources available fromi 
the General Board and the Washing- 
ton Office, as well as Annual 
Conference statements. 

I reacted to the pessimism of 
Standing Committee's representative 
because I have heard many testi- 
monies of minds having been 
changed by Annual Conference 
study committees on controversial 
issues such as divorce and abortion. 
In response to the delegate who 
argued that a year's study would 
extend months beyond the fall elec- 
tions and be too late, I say that the 
politics of the Christian Right will 
continue even now that the 1996 
elections are past. 

Let's take seriously the action of 
Conference to encourage congrega- 
tions, districts, and individuals to 
prayerfully study the concerns of the 
query. Let's encourage interested par- 
ties to read the query carefully, obtain 
the suggested resources, and formu- 
late written answers. I suggest that 
those answers be sent to the Northern 
Indiana District office (357 E. Marker 
St., Nappanee, IN 46550 or 
and that concerned Northern Indiana 
Brethren distill the material as a pos- 
sible answer that could be processed 
through Standing Committee and 
Conference at Long Beach. 

Not only the young sister but manyi 
others as well will welcome the guid 
ance of the church on how to apply 
our faith and tradition to contempo- 
rary political movements that identify 
themselves as Christian. And this 
process models a way to do Annual 
Conference business without ri 
funding study committees. L: 

Dale W. Brown is a former Annual Conference 
moderator, a member of Elizabethtown (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren, and a retired member of 
the Bethany Theological Semmary faculty. 

26 Messenger February 1997 



"Jesus called disciples away from the 

world's economic models, not to those 

models. He invited people to live in 

mch a way that all of God's creation, especially the 

People on the bottom, received the benefit of God's gifts. 

rime for downward mobility 

heading about the redesigning and 
lownsizing of the General Board 
December, pages 6-9), described in 
uch stark terms, I feel that economic 
!xpediency, more than Christian dis- 
ipleship, is directing our efforts. 
We Brethren, as individuals and as 
denomination, have benefited from 
ihe economic system that holds sway 
n this society. The economy is 
)iased to benefit the rich. The same 
ystem leaves most of the world's 
)eople destitute in its wake. The 
•-hasm between wealth and poverty is 
oing through an exponential 
rowth. Should we in the church 
idhere so tightly to this model? 

esus called disciples away from 
he world's economic models, not to 
hose models. He invited people to 
ive in such a way that all of God's 
•.reation, especially the people on the 
)ottom, received the benefit of God's 
ifts. Have we recognized the signifi- 
;ance of this and been willing to turn 
jur lives around in order to partici- 

^he opinions expressed in Letters are not necessar- 
ly those of the magazine. Readers should receive 
hem in the same spirit with which differing opin- 
ons are expressed in face-to face conversations. 

Letters should be brief concise, and respectfd of 
he opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
hat respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
•nly when, in our editorial judgment, it is war- 
anted. We will not consider any letter that comes 
us unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, 
he writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 
OundeeAve., Elgin, IL 60120. 

pate in God's new order? 

Instead, it seems that standards of 
profitability, institutional security, 
and lowered labor costs are promi- 
nent in our redesign decisions. We 
support the increasing divide 
between rich and poor. Is there 
something about Jesus' invitation or 
lesus' dying for the sake of the world 
that runs contrary to our practices? 

Upward mobility is the desired 
mode for most of us. But if we are 
concerned about biblical justice and 
environmental sustainability, we, the 
elite of the world, must be down- 
wardly mobile. This should begin to 
answer some of our troubling 
choices between program and staff. 

What if we chose the simple life 
that results from giving up all we 
have and following lesus to the salva- 
tion of the world? 

Cliff Kindy 
North Manchester. Iiul. 

We'll never be the same 

Regarding reaction to the General 
Board's financial troubles reported at 
Annual Conference, I believe that if 
someone told your congregation that 
30-40 percent of the people were 
going to lose their jobs if something 
wasn't done, every one of the mem- 
bers would do something. 

There is no doubt in my mind that 
if people at Conference had paid 
attention to the reports and believed 
what the reports were showing, they 
would have done something to 
change the reports. 

None of us should think for a 
minute that the irreplaceable work of 

the General Board will continue to be 
accomplished at its current level after 
a 30- to 40-percent staff reduction. 

Believe it, folks. The Church of the 
Brethren will never be the same. 

fackie Kallal 
Indiana. Pa. 

Jesus was an immigrant 

How ironic for Donald B. Miller 
(December, page 21)) to condemn 
US immigration policy in the season 
of celebrating our Lord's birth. 
Shortly after lesus' birth, he and his 
parents were immigrants (Matt. 
2:14). The story might have been 
different if Egypt had had a stricter 
immigration policy. 

Hebrews 13:2 (NAS) instructs us: 
"Do not neglect to show hospitality 

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February 1997 Messenger 27 


JUNE 13 -15, 1997 

Elder John Kline's 

200th Birthday 

June 17, 1979 - June 15, 1864 

TURE , , . 

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vision of Elder Kline and reclaim 

our heritage while afllrming our 



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Demonstrations ~ Exhibits ~ Tours 

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Senior High Heritage Weekend 

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Children's Activities ~ Puppet Play 

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Bicentennial Collectibles 

Heritage Horseback Ride 

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For registration information: 

Paul Roth. Pastor 

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IdBsills CiaA B Shamandaah Dntriet 
Choich ai Iha Brathnn 

to strangers, for by this some have 
entertained angels without knowing 
it." The context is that of teaching 
about God's kingdom. This calls us 
to a higher standard, a higher loy- 
alty. Faithfulness to God's kingdom 
means we welcome strangers, 
because that is what we once were 
and, in some ways, we still are. 
Levhicus 25:23 (NIV) tells us, "The 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Staff Opening 



This full time position will report 
directly to the General Secretary. Loca- 
tion at our central office is preferred. 
This position will begin after |uly 1997. 


•Congregational support for the 
Board mission and ministry. 

•Coordinate planned giving and 
direct gifts operations. 


•Administration experience (5 years) 
in Planned Giving, Direct Gifts and 
congregational giving. 

•Member of the Church of the 
•Bachelor's degree. 
•Graduate vi/ork in this field preferred. 
For prompt consideration phone or write 
to the address below by Feb. 28, 1 997. 
Karen Norstrom, Office of Human 
Resources, 1451 Dundee Avenue, 
Elgin, IL 60120. (800) 323-8039. 

land is mine, and you are but aliens 

and my tenants." 

Jeff Boshar 
Ithaca. N.y 

Calling the roll 

Olden Mitchell's congregational sta- 
tistics (December, page 10) set me 
to thinking. The Frederick (Md.) 
congregation lists 993 members, but 
an attendance of 524 — a 469-personi 
deficit. The Manchester congrega- 
tion in North Manchester, Ind., 
reports a similar disparity — 757 
members, but just over 320 in atten- 
dance. Other congregations have 
comparable figures. 

What inembership classifications 
(or lack thereoO are used by congre- 
gations that have hundreds more 
people as members than as attenders? 

What happened to the denomina- 
tional guidelines for classifying 
inactive people as "separated mem- 
bers" (no response or attendance fon 
three consecutive years)? 

And what about the number of 
Annual Conference delegates (and 
district delegates) that are allowed? 
Without congregational integrity 
regarding membership classification,) 
churches may send a dispropor- 
tionate number of delegates to 
Conference. They, indeed, maybe 
sending delegates according to their 
membership, although "separated 
members" are not to be included in 

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a ministry of the Church of the Brethren Benefit Trust 

28 Messenger February 1997 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius Puddle" from Messenger to 
]oel Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one 
[true use. $10 for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 

degate determination. 

Under these circumstances, repre- 
mtation is given at Annual Con- 
^rence for thousands of nonexistent 
sople. (Denominational member- 
lip is over 140,000, but attendance 

just over 80,000.) 

With the majority of us being miss- 
ig members, does even death separate 

ople from membership? "When the 
all is called up yonder," some people 
lay have duel memberships! 

Let's get realistic and responsible. 
Kurt M. Snyder 
Roann, Ind. 

irop that stone 

am amazed as I read Letters in Mes- 
ENGER to see how many of us "have 
o sin." lesus said, "Let anyone 
mong you who is without sin be the 
rst to throw a stone . . ." (John 8:7). 
jid for those of us who follow (esus, 
;t's stop throwing stones. 

Olden D. Mitchell 
North Manchester. Ind. 

iood news for bad guys 

lobin Wentworth Mayer did an excel- 
nt job of creative writing to enhance 
ur thoughts on war (December, 
age 20). 

War can't get rid of the "bad guys" 
ecause all have sinned and fallen 
hort of God's glory. Mayer states 
orrectly that "(esus Christ is the 
ood news for bad guys everywhere." 

Christ gave himself for all of 
umanity, especially for the bad who 
now that there is hope in the 
Redeemer of all mankind. 

Earl Hammer 
Waynesboro, Va. 

tditorial short on truth 

agree with the November editorial, 
A God Without Tunnel Vision," as 
ar as it goes. But it stops short of 
slling the essential truth about the 
ituation in Jerusalem and the 
sraeli-occupied areas. Having spent 


»,tte:mo a srniEAv ohi 
PR<3<:lWWIK(& FAiTH iH 

^ SEtoL^^^. ag-c, 






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But they were about to experience a 
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February 1997 Messenger 29 

in Pra^ 

Daily prayer guide: 

Sunday: Your congregation's ministries 

Monday: Annual Conference officers 

Tuesday: General Board and staff 

Wednesday: District executives, 

Bethany Seminary, colleges 

and university 
Thursday: General Services 

Friday: Parish Ministries 
Saturday: World Ministries 

February prayer concerns: 

Congregation: Children ministries; 
Youth and Young Adult Ministries; 
Women's Fellowship; Men's Fellowship. 

Annual Conference: Study commit- 
tees; moderator-elect Jimmy Ross' 
trip to Nigeria, Jan. 25-Feb. 10; 
Planning Coordinating Committee, 
Elgin, Feb. 20-21; moderator David 
Wine's trip to Dominican Republic 
and Puerto Rico, Feb. 21-27. 

General Board: Interim general sec- 
retary Karen Peterson Miller, 
providing leadership during redesign 
and transition; Transition Team 
(Kathy Hess, Glenn Timmons, Beth 
Middleton, and Dorothy Gall); Gen- 
eral Board staff. 

Districts and Colleges: Advanced 
Pastoral Seminar at Bethany Semi- 
nary, Feb. 24-28; professors. 

General Services: Communication 
Team; Planned Giving Team. 

Parish Ministries: Reaching Baby 
Boomers, an Andrew Center training 
event, Feb. 1; ABC co-sponsoring 
with OEPA in South Africa Study 
Tour, Jan. 24-Feb. 6. 

World Ministries: Global missions 
and ministries; Brethren Volunteer 

30 Messenger February 1997 

seven weeks tliis past summer in 
Hebron with CJtristian Peacemaker 
Teams, I am aware tJiat we are not 
talking about a level playing field. 
If we use the editorial's analogy. 

From the 
Office of District Ministry 

Mid-Atl. District seeks 
District Executive. 


•Commitment & extensive experi- 
ence in the Church of the Brethren. 

•Administrative skills & experience. 

•Interpersonal & communications 

• Leadership experience in collabora- 
tive planning & group dynamics. 

• Pastoral experience & ordination 


•Development of leaders to support 
church growth. 
•Placement of pastors. 

• Oversight to planning, implement- 
ing & evaluating district programs. 

•Strong communications & net- 
working throughout the district. 
This full-time position is available Sept. 1, 
1997. For more information contact: 
Georgianna Schmidtke, Office of 
District Ministry, (800) 323-8039. 


we must have the parent in the car 
take the side of only one of the fight- |ei 
ing children, providing assistance foiie 
only that child, and allowing that 
child to bully the other child . . . pro- 
fessing all the while to be neutral. 

I am referring to the millions of 
dollars a day in aid that the United 
States gives to Israel, aid that makes 
possible its oppressive occupation ofi 
Palestinian areas. Examples of the 
oppression are the frequent confisca- 
tion of land for settlements, roads, 
and alleged military purposes; the 
demolition of Palestinian homes; the 
closing of universities; the closing of 
borders that prevents Palestinians 
from going to their jobs in Israel and 
from developing their own economic 
base; and ongoing harassment by 
Israeli settlers and soldiers. 

For details about this situation, 
contact Christian Peacemaker Teams, 
PO. Box 6508, Chicago, IL 60680- 
6508, or e-mail for 
CPT's newsletter and news updates. 
Another resource is the Washington 
Report on Middle East Affairs, P.O. 
Box 53062, Washington, DC 20009. 
Esther Mohler Ho^ 
Hayward. Calif. 

Classified Ads 

Biography. A Bunker Boy Becomes Ecumenical 
Adventures Toward Maturity. The experiences of the 
family of Bernard Nathan & Ella Baugher King, between 
1930 & 1996. More than 200 pages of illuminating info, 
concerning prominent educator-minister in life of the 
Church of the Brethren. Covers historic & changing 
period between World War I and present. Elmer Q. 
Gleim, book editor. Hard bound, maroon color, & 
indexed. Price $20, plus $1.25 mailing cost. Contact 
Bernard N. King, 109-C Faith Drive, New Oxford, PA 
17350. Tel. (717) 624-4021. 

Give a gift of hope! Give an arid Arkcessories is a 
new shop that specializes in Noah's Ark gifts & col- 
lectibles. Enjoy our unique selection of gifts for all 
occasions. The shop is located at 333 N. Main, King- 
man, KS 67068. Tel. (316) 532-1800. Stop by, or visit 
our web site at 
Shalom Church of the Brethren, a new & growing 
fellowship in Durham, N.C., invites Brethren moving 
to Research Triangle area (Raleigh, Durham, Chapel 
Hill) to worship w/ us. Eager to provide moving assis- 
tance (unloading, childcare, area info.) for those 
relocating to area. For info., contact: Fellowship, RO. 

Box 15607, Durham, NC 27704. Tel. (919) 490-6^22 
E-mail, ShalomCOB@AOL.COM. 

Travel to Annual Conference in Long Beach by air- 
conditioned coach, June 23-July 15. Visit Bethany 
Seminary, Salt Lake City Bryce, Zion, Yosemite & other 
national parks. For info, write to: J, Kenneth Kreider, 
1300 Sheaffer Road, Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 

China adventure featuring Yangtze River cruise. Aug, 
4-19, 1997. ($3,189) Visit Narita in Japan. Shanghai 
Wuhan, Shashi, Badong, Wanxian, Chongquing, Xian in 
China. Travel on cruise ship on Yangtze River stopping 
at various cities & ports. In Beijing, walk the largest 
'wonder of the worid'— the Great Wall of China. Also, 
visit Tian'Anmen Square, & much more, Wendell & Joan 
Bohrer imite you to share this great expeiience w/ them 
For info, & brochure, write: 8520 Royal Meadow Dr. 
Indianapolis, IN 46217, Tel. or Fax. (317) 882-5067. 

European Heritage Tour, July 12-26, 1997, Visit scenic 
sites of Anabaptist, Pietist, & Brethren significance in 
Switzerland, France, Germany, & Netheriands. Spon 
sored by Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc., and the Brethren 
Historical Committee, $2,490 from New York QEK), For 
complete brochure contact: Don Durnbaugh, RO.! 
484, James Creek, PA 16657, Tel./Fax. (814) 658-3222, 

irnii foints 


jle: Congregations are asked 
submit only the names of 
tual new members of the 
nomination. Do not include 
mes of people who have 
:rolv transferred their mem- 
isliip from another Church of 
_ riix'llircn congregation. 

nrist the Servant, Atl. S.E.: 
Liza Fultz, lune Hill, [ohn 
& Phyllis Karns, Regina & 

' Scott Kilhefner, Catherine 
& Chester Lowe 

'anor, Mid-Atl.: Richard Gos- 
sard, Melvia Miller 

aple Grove, N. Ohio: Nora 
Fultz. Sam & Mary Keener, 
Diana Massie, T). Wilkinson 

idland, Mid-Atl.: ludy 
Funkhouser. Tia Kimball. 
Ray Roberts. Dottie & Tom 

ainut Grove, W. Pa.: Stephen 
Guydo: Benjamin, Sara, 
Stephanie & Warren Herr 

23rd BVS 
•rientation Unit 

iLL'inpleted orientation 
in Indianapolis. Ind., 

i on Oct 12. 1996) 

[garden, Irina, from New York, 
N,"l ,. to Deerpark Road. 
Bel last. Northern Ireland 

illhimcr, Edith, from 

I McPherson. Kan., to Gould 
Farm, Monterey, Mass. 

illhimer, Hugh, from 
McPherson, Kan., to Gould 
Farm, Monterey, Mass. 

linn, Megan, from Conner. 
Mont., to Kilcranny House. 
Coleraine, Northern Ireland 

Dckstahler, Ingrid, from 
Teningen, Germany, to 
Gould Farm, Monterey, 

ampbell, Elaine, from Thorn- 
town. Ind.. to Multicultural 
Resource Center. Belfast. 
Northern Ireland 

leveland, Patricia, from 
Neward. Del., to Center for 
Non-Violent Conflict, Nis, 

:e|ong. Pauline, from 
Saskatchewan, Canada, to 
Fellowship of Reconcilia- 
tion, Alkmaar. Netherlands 

lurr, Pascal, from Wiesloch, 
Germany, to Catholic 
Worker House. San Anto- 
nio. Tex. 

ackler, Karen, from Syracuse, 
Ind., to Lend-A-Hand. 
Walker, Ky. 

(organ, Jean, from Omaha, 
Neb., to Brethren Service 
Center. New Windsor. Md. 

arad, Rhonda, from Greens- 
burg, Pa., to Tri-City 
Homeless Coalition, Fre- 
mont, Calif. 

ippe. Emily, from York. Pa., to 
Washington City Soup 

Kitchen, Washington, D.C. 

Rhodes, Keith, from Green- 
ville, Ohio, to The Brethren 
Home, New Oxford, Pa. 

Schmidt, Allison, from York, 
Pa., to Balkan Peace Team. 
Minden, Germany 

Shutak, Angela, from Green- 
burg, Pa., to Catholic 
Worker House. San Anto- 
nio, Tex. 

Waddle, Keeley, from Panora, 
Iowa, to Friendship Day 
Care, Hutchinson, Kan. 

Weller, Christopher, from 
Girald, III., to Karlovac 
Committee for Human 
Rights. Karlovac. Croatia 

Williams, Michelle, from 
Shawnee. Okla., to Bread 
and Roses. Olympia. Wash. 


Austen, Gordon, from other 

denomination to LaPlace, 

Baker, Donald, from secular to 

Chambersburg. S. Pa. 
Bowser, Thomas, from secular 

to Nokesville, Mid-Atl. 
Bright, Richard, from Pine 

Crest Manor, Ill./Wis., to 

West Branch, Ill./Wis. 
Brumbaugh, Alan, from Point, 

M. Pa., to Bellwood. M. Pa. 
Brumbaugh, Lillian, from 

West Branch, Ill./Wis.. to 

Community Mesa, Pac. S.W 
Callahan, Wanda. Wawaka, N. 

Ind., from interim to full-time 
Croft, Eric, from secular to 

Rileyville, Shen. 
Deeter, leanne, from seminary 

to Worthington, N. Plains 
Dorsey, lanice, Downsville. 

Mid-Atl., from interim to 

Eisenbise, Debbie, from 

Bethany Seminary staff to 

Kalamazoo/Skyridge, Mich. 
Elmore, Carolyn, from secular 

to Midland, Mid-Atl. 
Elmore, Kendal, from Green 

Hill, Mid-Atl., to Midland. 

Fisher, Chester, from Mount 

Hermon, Virlina, to Buena 

Vista Stone, Shen. 
Foster, Chris, from Cedar 

Bluff, Virlina, to Vinton, 

Fowler, Michael, from Nappa- 

nee. N. Ind., to Ephrata, 

Atl. N.E. 
Hall, Lloyd, from other 

denomination to Bethel 

Center. S/C Ind. 
Hazen, Lisa, from Prince of 

Peace, S. Ohio, to Beaver- 
creek, S. Ohio 
Hendricks, David, from Ouin- 

ter, W. Plains, to Prince of 

Peace, N. Ind. 
Hewitt, Nancy, from secular to 

Black Rock. S. Pa. 
Holderread, John, from 

Enid, S. Plains, to Big 

Creek. S. Plains 

Holland, Scott, Monroeville, 
W. Pa. from interim to 

Huffaker, Michael, from semi- 
nary to Trotwood, S. Ohio 

Krahenbtihl, Lee. from secular to 
Kalamazoo/Skyridge, Mich. 

Manges, |ohn, from secular to 
Morrellville, W. Pa. 

McClelland, George, from 
secular to West Manchester, 
S/C Ind. 

McGlothlin, ludith, from sec- 
ular to Freeport, Ill./Wis. 

Mundey, Paul, from General 
Board staff to Frederick, 

Noffsinger, Bruce, from 
Hollins Road, Virlina, to 
Blue Ridge Chapel, Shen. 

Orndorff, Ian. from secular to 
Trout Run, Shen. 

Poole, Daniel, from Elizabeth- 
town, Atl. N.E., to 
Covington, S. Ohio 

Reeves, Catherine, from 

Mexico. S/C Ind.. to Cherry 
Lane/Snake Spring, Mid. Pa. 

Schwarze, Robert, Rossville, 
S/C Ind., from interim to 

Senger, Garold. from secular 
to Hiner. Shen. 

Shoemaker, E. B.. from Hiner. 
Shen.. to Forest Chapel, Shen. 

Simmons, Ben, from Swatara 
Hill. Atl. N.E., from interim 
to full-time 

Smith, Rufus, from retired to 
Johnson City First, S.E. 

Stauffer, Paul, from Moxham, 
W. Pa., to Bethany, Mid-Atl. 

Thacker, Robert, from secular 
to Greencastle, S. Pa. 

Wiser, Tracy, from secular to 
Harmony, Mid-Atl. 


Barnhart, Nevin, 55, Waynes- 
boro. Pa., Oct. 5, 1996 

Bauserman, Ethel, 90, Bridge- 
water, Va., Sept. 17, 1996 

Blocher, Kenneth, 91, Green- 
ville, Ohio, Aug. 28. 1996 

Block, Velda, 81, Dixon. III., 
Aug. 21. 1996 

Bonitatibus, Irma. 88. Phila- 
delphia, Pa,, Aug. 12. 1996 

Books, Olive, 94, Modesto, 
Calif., Oct. 26. 1996 

Boyd, Esther. 92, Milledge- 
ville. 111.. Aug. 6. 1996 

Bucher, Cyrus, 83. Biglerville. 
Pa.. Aug. 23, 1996 

Caricofe, Orpha. 95. Bridge- 
water, Va., Sept. 5. 1996 

Cooper, Troy. 65, Continental. 
Ohio. May 19. 1996 

Courtney, Mary, 88, Canton, 
111.. May 22, 1996 

DeHart, Freeda. 74, Bassett. 
Va.. May 18, 1996 

Diehl, Robert, 66, Hager- 
stown, Md., May 8, 1996 

Early, Maxine. 71. Harrison- 
burg. Va., Sept. 13. 1996 

Fogle, Carrie, 86. Waynesboro, 
Pa., Oct. 12. 1996 

Frymyer, Naomi. 83, York. Pa.. 

Sept. 22, 1996 
Gibble, Ira, 87, Palmyra, Pa., 

Sept. 19, 1996 
Ginder, Menno, 89, Manheim, 

Pa., Aug. 20. 1996 
Green, Guira, 97, Wichita, 

Kan., May 23, 1995 
Grossnickle, lason, 25, Day- 
ton. Ohio, May 23. 1996 
Grote, Harold, 78. Sabetha, 

Kan., luly 23, 1996 
Groth, Margaret, Bridgewater. 

Va., Sept. 3, 1996 
Grubb, Luke, 89, Palmyra, 

Pa., Sept, 19, 1996 
Hackman, Naomi, 102, Lan- 
caster, Pa.. Sept. 7, 1996 
Hantz, Kathryn, 80. Colum- 
biana, Ohio, Aug. 6, 1996 
Hasselwander, Walter, 83, 

Garber, Okla., July 24, 

Hosletter, lennie, 98, 

Elizabethtown, Pa., Aug. 

20, 1996 
Jarrett, Fannie, 90, Bassett. 

Va., July 5, 1996 
Johnson, Audrey, Wichita, 

Kan., Oct. 8. 1995 
[unkermeier, Gene, 54, 

Wichita. Kan.. Nov. 13, 

King, Frank, 81, Phoenix. 

Ariz., Sept. 23. 1996 
King, Harold, 80, Boones Mill, 

Va., Aug. 4. 1996 
Kiracofe, Erma. 93, Bridgewa- 
ter, Va., Oct. 8, 1996 
Kissinger, losephine. 88, Way- 
nesboro, Pa., Sept. 7, 1996 
Kreitzer, Mary, 93, Dayton. 

Ohio, Sept. 28, 1996 
Kuhar, lennie, 77, Vinden, 111., 

Aug. 13, 1996 
Kulp, Mary, 76, Ephrata, Pa., 

March 2, 1996 
Landes, Evagene, 82, Cicero, 

Ind.. Aug. 18, 1996 
Lantz, Charles, 93, Broadway, 

Va., Aug. 24, 1996 
Leatherman, Dorothy. 72, 

Boise, Idaho, May 2, 1996 
Leek, Mary, 103, McPherson, 

Kan., Oct. 21, 1996 
Ledbetter, Gladys, 85, Dixon, 

III., Sept. 26, 1996 
Lehman, Ada. 84. Pinellas 

Park, Fla.. March 19. 1996 
Lehman, Margaret, 91. 

Canton. III., May 20, 1996 
Lester, Minneah. 47, Peace 

Valley, Mo., Sept. 19. 1996 
MacFarland, Evelyn. 89, Scott- 

ville, Mich.. )uly 18. 1996 
Main, Lorene, 82, Lawrence- 

ville. III., luly 4, 1996 
Martin, Katie. 91, Lititz, Pa.. 

luly 12. 1996 
Mason, Ida, 84. Elkhart. Ind.. 

luly 9, 1996 
Mauzy, Carl, 77, Seneca 

Rocks. W.Va., |uly 27. 1996 
McCann, Douglas, 59. Greens- 
burg. Pa., April 12, 1996 
McGuffin, Lois, 83, Roanoke, 

Va.. Oct. 2, 1996 
Mentzer, Melvin, 88, Sebring. 

Ohio, May 30, 1996 
Miller, Raymond. 83. Treasure 

Island. Fla., Oct. 21. 1996 

Miller, Sophie, 96. Riverdale, 
Md., April 21, 1996 

Miller, Verna, 64. Johnstown, 
Pa.. May 1996 

Mock, Bly. 87, Wichita, Kan., 
April 7. 1995 

Moyer, Virgil, 76. Indepen- 
dence. Kan.. May 28. 1996 

Mull, Martin, 79. Ephrata. 
Pa., Aug. 1. 1996 

Mumma, Esta, 76, Lititz, Pa., 
lune 26. 1996 

Mummert, Sheldon. St. Peters- 
burg. Fla,. Dec. 18, 1996 

Mummey, Willis, San Diego, 
Calif., Oct. 14, 1996 

Myers, Harold, 95, Westmin- 
ster, Md.. Oct. 30, 1996 

Myers, Loretta, 71. Hunting- 
ton, Ind.. Nov. 28, 1995 

Naff, Wesley, 62, Boones Mill, 
Va.. Aug. 2, 1996 

Nichols, Cora, 84, Virden, III., 
Aug. 24, 1996 

Nicholson, Mildred, 84. |ohn- 
stown. Pa.. March 29, 1996 

Nies, Raleigh, 91, Manheim, 
Pa. Aug. 9. 1996 

Ober, Mildred. 77, St. Peters- 
burg. Fla., Sept. 17, 1996 

Ohmart, Bernadine. 81. 
McPherson, Kan., Oct. 3, 

Perry, lulie, 88, Modesto, 
Calif.. Sept. 7, 1996 

Phillips, Wilda, 94. Scottville. 
Mich,. Aug. 7. 1996 

Pickeral, Larry, 49. Washing- 
ton. Iowa, Aug. 27. 1996 

Poling, Lucy, 97. Lima. Ohio. 
Oct. 20. 1996 

Ramer, Lottie, 96, Shelocta, 
Pa., Feb. 16. 1996 

Reeves, Ernie, 69. Parsons, 
Kan.. Sept. 13, 1996 

Reiman, Claire, Berlin. Pa.. 
Feb. 5. 1996 

Renner, Gladys, 89. Astoria, 
III., Sept. 17, 1996 

Ritchey, Arthur. 72. Bridge- 
port. III.. Sept. 1. 1996 

Rittle, lohn. 45. Montgomery, 
III., lune 22, 1996 

Rody, George, 82, Hunting- 
don. Ind., Sept. 9. 1996 

Rotenberger, Linford, 81, 
Quakcrtown, Pa., Sept. 10, 

Salonen, lohn, 38. Kingsburg, 
Cahf.. May 6. 1996 

Sands, Melba. 79, North Man- 
chester. Ind., Ian. 16. 1996 

Sanford, LyIa. 88. Dixon, 111., 
Aug. 16. 1996 

Saylor, Rhonda, 82. Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., Aug. 9, 1996 

Scott, Dorothy. 78. Wichita, 
Kan.. Oct. 5, 1995 

Seeders, Paul, 84. Martins- 
burg. Pa.. March 27. 1996 

Senger, Russell. 86. Mount 
Solon. Va.. Nov. 6, 1996 

Shirley, Lee. 50. Wichita. 
Kan.. April 27. 1996 

Show, lames. 60, Farmington, 
Pa., Aug. 29, 1996 

Simmons, Suzon, 40, Ephrata. 
Pa., Aug. 8, 1996 

Smith, Eleanora, 8, Chambers- 
burg. Pa.. Aug. 23. 1996 

February 1997 Messenger 31 

Fear not the February funk 

My deepest 


comes in my birth 

month; I'm sent 

into a free-fall 

Could it be that I was birth-marked by coming 
into the world on a frigid February day, the drea- 
riness of which deepened until the leaden skies 
dropped 1 3 inches of snow on our Blue Ridge Mountains 
hollow? Why else would I, so many years later, still lapse 
into somber introspection whenever the elements in Feb- 
ruary replicate the conditions of that day? 

That master of gloomspeak, Edgar Allan Poe — though 
January born — roamed with his Soul on "a night in the 
lonesome October," and by ghostly firelight he distinctly 
remembered the bleak December. But my 
deepest soul-searching comes in my birth 
month; Vm sent into a free-fall funk by 
February. Could be that it's just winter's 
discontent, but the romantic in me rea- 
sons there's that other connection. 

I was surfing my inner thoughts the 
other day, while nursing a cup of coffee 
and staring out at the snow, and chanced 
to ponder this question: Why did the 
great religions such as ludaism, Chris- 
tianity, and Islam originate in barren funR UV rCurtiarV 
desert lands? Did the climate have some- -^ '- -^ -^ 

thing to do with it? Could the shepherd 
wanderer Abram as easily have been a Laplander with a 
reindeer herd? Could Jesus have returned "filled with the 
power of the Spirit" if he had spent 40 days shivering on 
snow-capped Mount Hermon instead of sweating out 40 
days in the heat of the wilderness? 

They do have snow occasionally in the Holy Land. 
Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, was remembered for killing a 
lion "on a day when snow had fallen" (2 Sam. 23:20). 
And Trypho was heading out on a relief mission, "but 
that night a very heavy snow fell, and he did not go 
because of the snow" (1 Mace. 13:22). But basically the 
people of the Bible were shaped by desert conditions. 

I was made keenly aware and appreciative of this 
during my 13 -year missionary sojourn in Nigeria. The 
land and its people were a fair approximation of their 
scriptural counterparts. Bible scenes were part and 
parcel of our daily life: Shepherds watched over their 
flocks; sowers went out to sow; fields grew white unto 
harvest; women went to the well; in the market we 
encountered the lame, the halt, and the blind; and always 
we suffered the little children — swarms of them. 

Of course, I experienced no snowy Februarys in 
Nigeria. But I managed to work into my schedule my 
annual funk. In February in Nigeria, the hot season is 
just around the corner, but usually the harmattan (thick 
dust clouds from the Sahara) lingers, providing a relative 

coolness. Thus, conditions were agreeable for me to take 
solitary hikes into the surrounding wilderness. There I 
could sit and brood as handily as if I were snowbound oii!| 
the trackless prairies of Illinois. I kept my Februarys. 

As I interviewed our Annual Conference moderator, 
David Wine, for this month's cover story, it was all I 
could do to keep my professional cool and not match his 
stories of spiritual retreats and solitary strolls with anec- 
dotes from my own experience. Vicariously, I clasped 
him to my bosom as a kindred soul. I do resonate to his 
expressed need for spiritual re-ener- 
gizing gained through contemplation 
and prayer . . . preferably far from the 
madding crowd. 

I confess I have not joined the 
moderator in his covenanted setting 
aside for prayer an hour a day and a 
day a month, and spending a week 
during the year in a personal prayer 
retreat. I match his shyness and his 
penchant for solitary contemplation, 
but not his firm self-discipline. I'm 
even leery of making public commit- 
^^^"" ments, indulgently attributing my 

avoidance to "keeping my options open." 

But I do publicly endorse the moderator's challenge 
for those with the jogger-like self-discipline it takes to 
meet it. For those like me, whose spiritual and physical 
sides are flabbier, I say seize, instead, those random 
moments when you can get away to ponder life's great 
questions and to commune with your Maker. Call it prayer 
or call it contemplation; it's still good for your soul. 


rather look forward to my February funk. It may 

sound like wintertime depression, but it anticipates 
.happier times to come, when one is wiser for one's i 
wonderings. As poet John Greenleaf Whittier put it, [ 

The Night is mother of the Day, 

The Winter of the Spring, 
And ever upon old Decay, 

The greenest mosses cling. j 

I'm sure that Whittier had February in mind. It's just 
that, like the word "orange," "February" is so hard for 
poets to rhyme with anything. Otherwise he could have 
been more specific in naming the mother of Spring. 

So, in February I sink into this temporary torpor, con- 
fident that I will rise from it rejuvenated in spirit — a wiser, 
stronger man. — K.T. 

32 Messenger February 1997 

ne Bretnren Homes or tne Atlantic Nortneast District. 
Freeaom To Live Your Lire On Your Terms. 


Your lite, your dreams, your 
hopes, your nome. fnese are lire's 
important things. The retirement 
communities or the Brethren 
Homes orier a mil range or living 
accomodations to suit your lirestyle 
and your needs. All are located in 
the beautirul southeastern region 
or Pennsylvania, with easy access 
to major metropolitan areas, 
vacation sights, shopping centers 
and tourist attractions. 

• Pennsylvania Association or Non-Proiit 
Homes for the Aging (PANPHA) 

• American Association oi Homes ana 
Services foi: the Aging (AAHSA) 

K^cntiJiy of Cciumitnicnt 
3001 Lititz Pike 

P.O. Box 5093 

Lancaster, PA 17603 

(717) 569-2667 

Lebanon \klley 
Brethren Home 

1 200 GruLt Street 
Palmyra, PA 17078 

(717) 838-5406 





800 Maple Avenue 
Harleysville, PA 19438 

(215) 256-9501 


Church of the Brethren 



I am volunteering my help with Conference tasks, 1 have 
marked below. I have numbered them in order of preference. 
I plan to arrive at Conference on 

- Biethren Press Exhibit 

- Registration (computer experience reqtiired) 

- Usher (business and general sessions) 

- Inf oimation/ Mail desk 

-Ticket sales 
-SERRV Exhibit 

Hease circle 
approximate age 



aty ______ 

16-22 22-30 30-40 
40-50 50-60 60 + 

. State . 


Telephone No. 

Additional voluntEera may indicate on a separate sheet 
their interest in serving. 

Long Beach, 

July I - 6, 1 997 


(Available in May) 

Please send the following: 

Copies at $8.00 each of the 1997 Annual 

Conference Booklet (regular binding) 
Copies at $11.50 each of the 1997 Annual 

Conference Booklet (spiral binding) 
Copies at $2.00 each of the 1997 Annual 

Conference Information Packet 


St. /RED. 

-State . 


Amount remitted $ . 

(Delegates sending the delegate authorization form and 
registration fee will automatically receive one program booklet 
without further cost.) 

Information about Conference programs and reservation forms , 
may be obtained by contactu\g your pastor or 

A^ >.■, ■ 

:4ii t 

' r: 



h\« i 

Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Production, Design: Paul Stocksdale 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Dale Minnich 

On the cover: 
Engaging faces of 
Sunday school 
children at Highland Avenue 
Church of the Brethren in 
Elgin, 111., invite us to heed the 
admonition of a special cluster 
of March articles: Listen to the 
voices of children. 


From the Editor 


In Touch 


Close to Home 




In Brief 


Stepping Stones 




Pontius' Puddle 


Partners in Prayer 


Turning Points 




10 Listen to the voices of children 

Four Brethren writers lay out what can be 
done by way of "positive parenting" to 
ensure that our children grow up feeling 
loved and supported, ready and equipped to 
find their place in society. 

11 Children in the Bible 

Harriet Finney cites many Bible stories 
that demonstrate the important role of 
children as full participants in the 
community of faith. 

12 Churches, children, and focus 

What would church be without the 
children? asks Judith Myers-Walls. Children 
bring young families with them to church, 
they are fun, and they are our future. But 
they are much, much more. 

16 Listening in our homes 

Forget all those other things you thought 
were most important as moms and dads, 
write John and Deb Lahman. Nothing is 
more important than parenting. 

18 Where there's all work and no play 

David Radcliff describes the plight of 
children at risk all over the world, and 
reminds us we have the capacity to work 
for change. 

20 Doing General Board ministries 
in a new way 

Tracy Wenger Sadd writes about the "new 
design," and deals with the questions 
people are asking. 

22 Pressing toward the goal 

Interim general secretary Karen Peterson 
Miller introduces herself in her new 
leadership role. 

24 Open wide your hearts 

Lisa Ebaugh, D. Miller Davis, Holly Peele, 
and Kirby Leland tell stories of Brethren 
operating in the servant mode. 

From tie Eitor 

How to reach us 


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Glenn Timmons, Administra- 
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Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren, Entered as second<lass matter Aug, 
20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct, 17, 1917, 
Filing date, Nov 1, 198^, Member of the Associated 
Church Press, Subscriber to Religion News Service 
& Ecumenical Press Service, Biblical quotations, 
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Standard Version, Messenger is owned and publrshed 
1 1 times a year by the General Services Commission, 
Church of the Brethren General Board, Second-class 
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office, Feb, 1997, Copyright 1997, Church of the 
Brethren General Board, ISSN 0026-0355, 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
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I have had two recent experiences with no apparent simi- 
larities, but, looking back on them, I see that each one left 
me with something of the same feeling. 

Among numerous maintenance chores at the homeplace 
in Virginia, my son and 1 burned a large brushpile. As the 
flames quickly consumed the debris and grew into an inferno, 
we remarked at the awesome power in it, and how easily we 
had unleashed that power with the mere striking 
of a match. One moment there was an inert pile 
of brush, a welcoming haven for small wildlife. 
The next moment it became a powerful source 
of heat, so radiant we had to back away from it 
and shield our faces. And nearby grass that we 
had not thought flammable reacted like tinder. 

More recently, as we prepared this March 
Messenger, I got the idea of shooting photographs 
of Sunday school students to produce cover art 
for this issue focusing on children. Managing 
editor Nevin Dulabaum, a capable photographer, 
joined me in visiting a class of youngsters at our 
own Highland Avenue Church of the Brethren. 
When we entered the classroom, the children were 
seated around a table, quietly working at some 
project. The teacher's announcement of our purpose was like 
a match touching off a brushpile fire. To achieve the desired 
expressions, we provoked the children with silly questions. They 
were more than cooperative. There was an explosion of energy. 
I almost backed away from the unexpected uproar we created. 

Now you catch the similarity between these two expe- 

And what 1 gained from the photography experience was 
a brand-new appreciation of the energy and potential of chil- 
dren. What an awesome responsibility we have to nurture 
and steer that energy so that the potential comes to fruition 
not only when the children become adults, but right now, 
while they are such delightful live wires. But I am stealing 
thunder. Turn to pages 10—17 for the words of ones who say 
it better than I. 

Keith Sollenberger- 
Morphew was among 
the Highland Avenue 
children serving as 
magazine cover 

Printed on recycled paper 

March 1997 Messenger 1 



College freshman 

Kendra Flory has been 

ringing bells in church 

choirs since she was in 

third grade. 

Bells! Bells! Bells! 

Kendra Flory is a handbellaholic. The 19-year-old 
McPherson College freshman began playing hand- 
bells in third grade at McPherson (Kan.) Church of the 
Brethren. For the past two-and-a-half years she has been 
solo-ringing, using two octaves and sometimes three. 
Most of her repertoire is sacred music. 

Three years ago a friend invited Kendra to watch a 
handbell practice at McPherson's Trinity Lutheran church. 
Kendra stepped in when one of the Trinity ringers couldn't 
make a performance. The director asked her to continue, 
and she did. 

Kendra learned to ring for solos and duets, and now rings 
in Trinity's adult choir, helps with a children's bell choir, 
and plays for credit in Bethany 
College's Handbell Ensemble. 

Music surrounds Kendra. She 
plays the piano and organ. In the 
McPherson College Band and 
Bethany College Brass Ensem- 
ble, she plays the French horn. 
She also sings in the McPherson 
College Concert Choir. 

When Kendra begins practic- 
ing a new bell solo, she 
memorizes the notes as quickly 
as possible. "Once I have the 
melody in 'muscle memory,' I 
find it easier to work on the 
movement, emotion, and grace 
of the composition," she says. 

Last summer, Kendra and her 
sister, (anelle, who rings duets 
with her, played a duet in 
Omaha, Neb. Kendra rang the 
solo "Joshua" for 800 ringers. 

A year ago, the sisters per- 
formed the Christmas duet 
"Angels' Canon." "Janelle fol- 
lows me in wearing a golden 
halo," Kendra explains. "After 
the accompaniment starts, I 
steal it. We ham it up and snatch the halo back and forth 
as we ring. She pretends anger when I am wearing the 
halo at the end. She pulls another halo out, and we both 
smile and bow." 

Kendra has performed in many settings, including a 
Bethany Seminary board meeting, a minister's ordination. 
Trinity church's St. Lucia festival, and community bell 

"Where I ring doesn't matter. I love it everywhere," she 
declares. — Irene S. Reynolds 

Irene S. Reynolds is a freelance writer from Lawrence, Kan. 

Names in the news 

Gregg A. Wilhelm, a 

member of Woodberry 
Church of the Brethren, Bal- 
timore, Md., heads a new 
publishing company in Bal- 
timore, Woodholme House 
Publishers. He is the former 
director of Baltimore's 
Cathedral Foundation Press. 

• Three members of Man- 
chester Church of the 
Brethren, North Manchester, 
Ind., who also are professors 
at Manchester College, have 
been named to Who's Who 
Among America's Teachers. 
They are Ed Miller, Steve 
Naragon, and Scott Strode. 

• Gary A. Dill is being 
inaugurated as president of 
McPherson College on 

Gary Dill 

March 7. Featured speakci- 
for the ceremony is Donald 
F. Durnbaugh, Brethren 

Seeing with the heart 

Pamela Brown, a member 
of Happy Corner Church of 
the Brethren in Clayton, 
Ohio, has second sight . . . 
not that she is clairvoyant. 
One day she observed a 
clean-cut family in a restau- 

2 Messenger March 1997 

ant. She thought, "What a 
ice family." But she 
hanged her mind when the 
ather i<ici<.ed his fidgety 
ittle son and made him cry; 
he father denied what he 
lad done, so the mother 
lapped the boy. 

The next day, Pam 
ibserved another family, 
cruffy and apparently 
ower-class. The long- 
laired father projected the 
tereotype of the macho 
notorcyclist: leather jacket, 
)oots, and wallet with req- 
lisite chain. Pam recoiled, 
s did other diners. But the 
ouple drew pictures with 
■heir children, hugged 
jhem, told them they loved 
ihem, and laughed a lot. 
Fhey said a prayer over 
heir meal. 

At that point, Pam says, 
he heard a voice: "judge 
lot that ye be not judged" 
Matt. 7:1, K|V). Now she 
ries to see with more than 
:ier eyes. 

Her resolve was height- 
;ned by an incident 
involving her 18-year-old 
;on, |ohn, who has Down's 
;yndrome. Pam had been 
mothered and embarrassed 
oy |ohn' penchant for hug- 
ging people. Recently, in a 
oizza parlor, a man 
ipproached John and Pam 
ind offered to buy them 
vhatever they wanted. Pam 
declined. When Pam's par- 
;nts came in to join |ohn 
ind her, and ordered 
drinks, the same man 
umped up and offered to 
Day for them. 

After the meal, John ran 
3ver and hugged the 
stranger. "1 wanted the 
door to open up and swal- 
ow me," Pam says. Then 
she saw that the stranger 

Long Green Valley pastor Pete Haynes (fourth from left) got the idea of promoting his 
church 's Crop walk not only as a fundraiser, but as a community-builder 

Taking a walk together 

Crop Walks are familiar to 
most Brethren. But for 
Long Green Valley Church 
of the Brethren in Glen 
Arm, Md., the one last fall 
was special. Pastor Pete 
Haynes, who coordinated 
it, wanted not only to raise 
money for hunger relief and 
to raise awareness of 

and another man at his table 
were crying. The second 
man asked fohn for a hug. 

The mystery was solved 
when the pair explained 
that they had just lost a 
sister with Down's Syn- 
drome. Reaching out to 
John helped them deal with 
their grief. 

"I now look at people 
with my heart as well as 
with my eyes," Pam says. "I 
let God direct me instead of 
letting society dictate to me 

hunger needs, but to pro- 
mote Christian community 
in the congregation's 

Thus was kicked off the 
First Annual (acksonville/ 
Long Green Crop Walk. 
Nearly $8,000 was raised by 
125 walkers (36 of them 
from Long Green Valley). 
Eight community churches 
participated in the walk, held 

what it thinks is right and 

With her new organ of 
sight, Pam cherishes the 
admonition of Luke 
6:37-38: "Do not judge, 
and you will not be judged; 
do not condemn, and you 
will not be condemned. 
Forgive, and you will be 
forgiven; give, and it will be 
given to you." 

Adapted from an article by 
Pamela Brown in Happy Corner 
church's newsletter. Good News. 

along a scenic former rail- 
road right-of-way. The walk 
was so successful in getting 
the church groups 
acquainted that the second 
annual walk has already 
been planned for next fall. 


J. Calvin Bright, 82, died 
Jan. 9, in Dayton, Ohio. 
Pastor of East Dayton 
Church of the Brethren at 
the time of his death, he 
was a missionary in China, 

• Clara B. Myer, 87, 
died Dec. 16, 1996, in 
Neffsville, Pa. She was a 
missionary in Nigeria, 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we would 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

March 1997 Messenger 3 

Fairview pastor 

Eric Fether rides 

forth on Clinton 

the donkey in the 

church's first 

annual Easter 


Everyone loves a parade 

When Fairview Church of the Brethren in 
WiUiamsport, Pa., was thinking about Easter 1996, 
the idea emerged to do something different: Stage a 
parade on Palm Sunday. 

Several values were in mind: Celebrate Jesus' ministry; 
encourage believers to go public with their faith; promote 
unity, cooperation, and fellowship among area churches; 
and invite unchurched people to join in celebrating 
Christ's life, death, and resurrection. 

With little publicity beforehand, the parade took the 
form of Jesus riding into Jerusalem on a donkey. Neigh- 
borhood people, caught by surprise, rushed to see what 
the racket was about. Participants sang, shouted praises, 
rang bells and shook tambourines, and strewed palm 
branches. Fairview folks handed out 400 palm crosses, as 
well as palm leaves, to spectators. One church youth 
group performed a joyful, interpretative dance, waving 
palm branches to Jewish music. Participants took time to 
explain the meaning of the event to spectators who asked. 

So successful was the parade that a second one, with 
elaborations, is planned for this year's Palm Sunday. 

Going international 

Lower Miami Church of 
the Brethren, near Dayton, 
Ohio, has been, for some 
time, racially integrated. 
And it sponsored a Bosnian 
family in 1995. 

In 1996 a Rwandan 
couple, Leonard Uwiringiy- 

imana and his wife, 
Francine, began attending 
Lower Miami upon the 
invitation of pastor Ron 
McAdams. Leonard is a 
Hutu and Francine is a 
Tutsi; their tribes in 
Rwanda have been at war 
for the past few years. 
On their first Sunday at 

Lower Miami, Leonard and 
Francine announced that 
they were expecting 13 
Rwandan refugees — mem- 
bers of Leonard's family 
who had fled from Rwanda 
into Zaire. The couple 
already had seven family 
members in their apartment . 

Lower Miami pitched in 
and found housing and 
other necessities for the 
newcomers. They also 
helped with English classes 
and provided transportation 

Since then, more refugees! 
have arrived and now there 
is a community of 38 
Rwandans in Dayton. 

A Dayton peace group 
has taken on the cause of 
the Rwandans. Last August 
the Miami Valley Peace 
Network held a Harvest of 
Peace Day that featured the. 
Rwandans. Working 
through their congressional 
representative, the peace 
activists hope to spur Con- 
gress to give greater 
attention to the Rwandan 
crisis. Their ultimate goal is 
Rwandan peace accords 
paralleling the Bosnian 
peace accords arranged 
earlier in Dayton. 

This and that 

Upper Conewago Church 
of the Brethren near East 
Berlin, Pa., planted a 
"Lord's Acre" in corn last 
summer, then spent a fall 
day picking, shucking, cut- 
ting, cooking, bagging, and 
freezing 674 quarts of corn. j 
The corn was donated to 
the Bowery Mission in New 
York City, which serves up 
some 600 meals a day for 
the city's hungry. 

4 Messenger March 1997 

'earning to do ministry 

(untsdale Church of the 
rethren in Carlisle, Pa., 
olds an after-school Bible 
'lub meeting for neighbor 
hiidren each Wednesday, 
he children sing, work 
n craft projects, eat 
inner together, and then 
ave a one-hour Bible 

Pastor |an Custer, who 
;aches the 4th-6th grades 
roup, set as her goals to 
;ach about ministry and to 
ivolve the children in min- 
try, as well. The children 
tudied a book When Did 
Ve See You?, focusing on 
/latthew 25:35-45. The 
tudy asks "Where do we 
ee [esus suffering, and 
low can we minister to 

This led to the making of 
quilt, which was given to 
homeless child at Christ- 
nas. The children created 
heir own quilt blocks, 
ising fabric markers. The 
|uilt was put together with 
he help of Sharon Swank, 
Huntsdale member. The 
inished product was pre- 
ented to the congregation 
)n Blanket Sunday and 
ielivered to a homeless 

The quilt was only one 
ninistry project for the 
:hildren. Other activities 
ncluded making cards for 
)eople in the hospital, 
■ending Christmas cards to 
)risoners, visiting the ill, 
md making cookies for 

Pastor Custer hopes that 
his actual doing of ministry 
vill be a first step for the 
;hildren toward long lives 
)f service to Christ and the 

Phyllis and John Carter and Pat Helman worked with others 
to create "A Quiet Place" at Indiana's Camp Mack. 

Creating a quiet place 

As a response to jesus' call 
for solitude, prayer, and 
rest, a new ministry in the 
contemplative mode has 
been established at Camp 

Mack, which serves the 
Indiana districts. 

"A Quiet Place" is a small 
retreat center that allows 
individuals and groups to 
experience new dimensions 
of prayer and spirituality. 

Huntsdale children Westly Gingrich, Natasha Sennett, Katy 
Sheaffer. and James Clark, with quilt consultant Sharon 
Swank and pastor Jan Custer, display the quilt made as a 
ministry project. 

The project has been facili- 
tated by Phyllis Carter, an 
Indiana minister and 
former Annual Conference 

At Camp Mack, a small 
house that once housed 
camp directors and care- 
takers had stood vacant for 
some time. Its dark interior 
was slowly transformed into 
a light-filled space that 
beckoned seekers into the 
unlikely sanctuary. Up to 
six people can be accom- 
modated for overnight. The 
Quiet Place's steering com- 
mittee invites anyone 
needing a place for silence 
and solitude or asking for 
spiritual direction to con- 
tact it through Becky 
Ball-Miller, executive direc- 
tor of Camp Mack. 

Campus comments 

At Manchester College, 

residents of Schwalm Hall 
held a food drive at 
Thanksgiving, benefiting 
local people in need. Rais- 
ing $740, the students 
bought 69 turkeys, along 
with vegetables, stuffing, 
and gravy to go with them. 

• Juniata College held 
its sixth annual Martin 
Luther King (r. convocation 
on Ian. 13. Featured was a 
dramatic performance. 
"The Meeting," about a 
confrontation between King 
and Malcolm X. 

"Close to Home" highlights news of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
Home, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, 11 60120. 

March 1997 Messenger 5 

ujicie tfcbur 


Contemporary China, 

as depicted on these 

faces and in the 

background by river 

boats and construction 

cranes, is the centerpiece 

of this year's "One Great 

Hour of Sharing," 

scheduled for March 16. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions oyMESSENGER 
or the General Board, and should not he considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

"Open Wide Your Hearts" 
OGHS theme for 1997 

China, once closed to church mission 
efforts, now is a land open to Christ- 
ian mission work. 

"While Christians represent only a 
small fraction of China's total popu- 
lation, they are seen as the leaven in 
the loaf, lifting up the needs of the 
poor, holding governmental officials 
accountable for quality of life con- 
cerns, giving increasing attention to 
stewardship of the earth, and infusing 
spiritual values into national life." 

That, according to One Great 
Hour of Sharing printed materials, is 
why OHGS — the largest of the three 
annual theme offerings in the Church 
of the Brethren — has chosen to focus 
on China for this year's offering, us- 
ing the theme "Open Wide Your 
Hearts," based on 2 Cor. 6:13. 

One Great Hour of Sharing, an 
initiative supported by 1 1 denomina- 
tions and ecumenical programs, in- 
cluding the Church of the Brethren 
and Church World Service, is sched- 
uled for March 16. Contributions 
fund hunger, development, and 
refugee and disaster service min- 
istries in 70 countries. 

To prepare for the 48th annual 
OGHS Sunday, congregations of the 
participating denominations received 
a sample packet of One Great Hour 
of Sharing materials in January. In- 
cluded in the packet are resource 
guides in English and Spanish, a 
theme poster, an offering bank, and 
a general distribution folder. 

Also in the packet is a children's 
activity folder. The four-page folder 
relates mission stories and activities 
for children ages 5-10. 

Global maps and stamps represent- 
ing Church World Service projects 
around the world in over 100 coun- 
tries also are included. 

Congregations may request the free 
"Open Wide Your Hearts" video, 
which relates the biblical calls from 
God to the needs of the world today. 
To request the video and accompany- 

ing study guide, as well other materi 
als, contact Howard Royer, director 
of Interpretation, at (800) 323- 
8039, ext. 260. 

Identifiable contributions by 
Church of the Brethren members to 
OGHS exceed $250,000 annually. 

Ballot for Conference-elected I 
positions announced 

The ballot for Annual Conference- 
elected positions was announced in 
January by the Annual Conference 
office. Conference is scheduled for 
July 1-6 in Long Beach, Calif. 

In pre-Conference meetings. An- 
nual Conference Standing Commit- 
tee will select half of the nominees 
for election by Annual Conference 
delegates during a Conference busi- 
ness session. 

• Moderator-elect — Joan Deeter, 
North Manchester, Ind.; Lowell 
Flory, McPherson, Kan.; Joel Kline, 
Fort Wayne, Ind.; and Craig Smith, 
Eaton, Ohio. 

• Annual Conference Secretary — 
Elaine Gibbel, Lititz, Pa.; Lena Miller, 
Westminster, Md.; Cathy Huffman, 
Rocky Mount, Va.; and Mary Sue 
Rosenberger, Greenville, Ohio. 

• General Board, at-large — David 
Gerber, Hanover, Pa.; Dale Gros- 
bach, Gladstone, Mo.; Violet Hosier, 
Penn Run, Pa.; Donald Parker, West 
Salem, Ohio; Julianne Stout, Hager- 
stown, Ind.; John Thomas, Guthrie, 
Okla.; Christy Waltersdorff, Lom- 
bard, III.; and Myrna Wheeler, San 
Dimas, Calif. 

• General Board, Idaho — Phyllis 
Howard, Nampa; Edward Kerschen- 
steiner, Boise; James Schmidt, Boise; 
and Ethel Schulz, Nampa. 

• General Board, Shenandoah — 
Martha Barlow, Dayton, Va.; Shirley 
Bruffey, Clifton Forge, Va.; J.D. 
Glick, Harrisonburg, Va.; and Merlini 
ShuU, Bridgewater, Va. 

• General Board, Western 
Plains — Donald Booz, McPherson, 

6 Messenger March 1997 

an.; Karen Calderon, Grand |unc- 
on, Colo.; Christy Dowdy, Lincoln, 
leb.; and Eugene Lichty, McPiier- 
on, Kan. 

• Program and Arrangements 
!ommittee — Maria Abe, Akron, 
)hio; Wendi Hutchinson, Goshen, 
nd.; Becky Rhodes, Roanoke, Va.; 
nd lane Shepard, Portland, Ore. 

• Pastoral Compensation and Bene- 
ts Advisory Committee (representing 
linistry) — Scott Duffy, Westminster, 
Id.; Kevin Daggett, Tryon, N.C.; 
haron Hutchinson, Mount |oy. Pa.; 
nd Janet Ober Miller, Redondo 
leach, Calif. 

• Pastoral Compensation and Ben- 
fits Advisory Committee 
representing district executives) — 
Ion Beachley, Davidsville, Pa.; Gene 
lipskind. La Verne, Calif.; Kenneth 
iolderread, Elgin, 111.; and Sidney 
ung, Nampa, Idaho. 

Committee on Interchurch Rela- 
is — Joe Loomis, Furnace, Pa.; 
".dward Pugh, Dayton, Ohio; Ken 
iCline Smeltzer, Modesto, Calif.; and 
iarah Young, Akron, Ohio. 

• Brethren Benefit Trust — Wayne 


General Board meetings, March 8-11, 
General Offices, Elgin. 111. [Contact 
General Secretary's Office, General 
Offices, (800) 323-8039]. 

Association of Brethren Caregivers 
Board meetings, March 21-22 [Con- 
tact ABC, General Offices]. 

Christian Citizenship Seminar, April 
5-10, New York City and Washington. 
D.C. [Contact Youth and Young Adult 
Ministry Office, General Offices]. 

Regional Youth Conferences, April 
18-20, McPherson (Kan.) College: 
April 19-20, Bridgewater (Va.) Col- 
lege: April 25-27. Manchester 
College. North Manchester, Ind. 
[Contact Youth and Young Adult Min- 
istry Office, General Offices]. 

Brethren Benefit Trust Board meetings, 

April 19-20, Elgin, 111. [Contact BET, 
(800 746-1505]. 

Fralin, Fremont, Calif.; Gregory 
Geisert, Harrisonburg, Va.; Rosalyn 
Neuenschwander, Decatur, Ind.; and 
Philip Stover, Quinter, Kan. 

• Bethany Theological Seminary 
elector (representing the colleges) — 
Eric Bishop, Upland, Calif.; Carl 
Bowman, Verona, Va.; Stephen Olin 
Mason, McPherson, Kan.; and Ron 
Wyrick, Huntingdon, Pa. 

• Bethany Theological Seminary 
elector (representing the ministry) — 
Debbie Eisenbise, Kalamazoo, Mich.; 
Carroll Petry, North Manchester, 
Ind.; Guy Wampler, Lancaster, Pa.; 
Bev Weaver, Indianapolis, Ind. 

General Board 1996 finances 
better than first predicted 

The General Board's Finance Office 
reported in January that preliminary 
General Board end-of-the-year finan- 
cial figures are better than expected. 

The figures were produced through 
a first-run look at the books and prior 
to the year-end audit, reported ludy 
Keyser, General Board treasurer. 

According to Keyser, congrega- 
tional giving exceeded budget pro- 
jections by $87,000 and direct gifts 
exceeded budget projections by 
$124,000, The Brethren Service 
Center's Center Operations was ex- 
pected to end the year with a 
$16,250 deficit, but preliminary fig- 
ures show it ended the year about 
$40,000 in the black. 

SERRV International and Brethren 
Press both expected to end the year 
with a slight surplus, but SERRV's 
surplus is expected to be about 
$100,000, while Brethren Press' is 
estimated at $20,000. The Andrew 
Center, which was budgeted to break 
even, is expected to show a surplus 
of about $16,000. 

Overall, Keyser expects the Gen- 
eral Board's budgeted deficit of 
$268,130 to come in much lower 
than that once final figures are deter- 

"These numbers could not have 
been achieved without much effort 
and sacrifice on the part of the (Gen- 
eral Board stafO, the Brethren Service 
Center and our other locations," 
Keyser said. "The strong support from 
our constituency lends a great feeling 
of support during these times." 

Redesign plan of the General 
Board to be considered 


After two years of working on re- 
designing itself, the Church of the 
Brethren General Board this month 
is expected to unveil its redesign 
plans, take action on those plans, 
and then, if approved, devise a plan 
for taking its proposals for polity 
changes to Annual Conference dele- 
gates in July. 

The redesign, or new design, which 
officially began in March 1995, is ex- 
pected to consume most of the 
Board's time March 8-11, when it 
meets in Elgin, 111. It is during those 
meetings that the Board is expected 
to respond to a host of proposals sub- 
mitted by the Board's Redesign 
Steering Committee, Transition 
Team, and Administrative Council. 

Information expected to be made 
public during these meetings includes 
the RSC's recommendation on the 
locations of the Board's central of- 
fices and staff who will be assigned to 
work out of one of a handful of yet- 
to-be-created areas; descriptions of 
all General Board jobs that will be in- 
corporated into the newly-designed 
Board; and the names of salaried staff 
asked to remain with the organiza- 
tion. The retention of support staff 
will follow the hiring of their respec- 
tive supervisors. 

General Board representatives as- 
sume the Board's new design will go 
into effect in |uly, but that is depen- 
dent on the actions taken by General 
Board members and Annual Confer- 
ence delegates. — Nevin Dulabaum 

March 1997 Messenger 7 

Twenty-one Brethren help 
construct a sanctuary in DR 

From Feb. 22 through March 1, 
Earl Ziegler, pastor of Lampeter 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren, and 
20 other Brethren helped the Santo 
Domingo congregation in the Do- 
minican Republic build a new 

The Dominican Church Board 
had identified the Santo Domingo 
congregation's building project as 
a priority and asked Ziegler for as- 
sistance with the project. Ziegler, 
who has been involved with other 
Dominican church building pro- 
jects, joined forces with the Gen- 
eral Board to raise the funds 

needed to construct the two-story, 
600-seat sanctuary. 

"We will be doing it with them, 
not for them," Ziegler said of the 
project that both Brethren from the 
States and from the Dominican 
Republic will participate in. 

The $40,000 obtained to finance 
the construction project was raised 
through the donations of two con- 
gregations and several individuals. 

Earl Ziegler and a member of the 
Church of the Brethren in the 
Dominican Republic work on the 
Santo Domingo church, one of 
several that Ziegler has helped 
build in the Dominican Republic 
since 1990. 

Deeter to retire as executive 
of World Ministries Commision 

loan Deeter, World Ministries Com- 
mission Executive since 1992, has an- 
nounced that 
she will retire 
on lune 20. 

Deeter also 
served the 
Board as 
Parish Min- 
istries execu- 
tive, from 
loan Deeter jggg^^ 

1992. From 1982 to 1988, she pas- 
tored West Manchester Church of the 
Brethren, North Manchester, Ind. 

Three coordinators named for 
NYC, workcamps in 1998 

Brian Yoder has been named coordi- 
nator of the 1 998 National Youth 
Conference, scheduled for August 
1998, in Fort Collins, Colo. Yoder, a 
senior at luniata College, is a mem- 
ber of Stone Church of the Brethren, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

)oy Struble has been named one of 
two assistant NYC coordinators. Stru- 
ble, a 1996 graduate of University of 
Michigan, is a member of Lansing 
(Mich.) Church of the Brethren. 

The second assistant NYC coordina- 
tor will be Emily Shonk, a member of 
Manassas (Va.) Church of the 
Brethren who is scheduled to graduate 
from Bridgewater College this year . 
She also will coordinate the 1998 
Youth and Young Adult Ministry 

General Board, one district 
announce staff changes 

Ron Finney in January was named 
interim director of District Ministry, 
replacing Karen 
Miller, who be- 
gan serving as 
interim general 
secretary, also 
in [anuary. 
Finney also 

serves as co-ex- 

ecutive in Ron Finnev 

South/Central Indiana District with 
his wife, Harriet. 

Phil and Louie Rieman completed 
their service to the General Board on 
(an. 4. The Riemans had served as 
mission interpreters in the US since 
May; before that they worked for 
about four years with the New Sudan 
Council of Churches. They have ac- 
cepted an interim team pastorate at 
Wabash (Ind.) Church of the 

Warren Eshbach has resigned as 
executive of Southern Pennsylvania 
District, effective April 30. He has 
served in that position for 13 years. 
He has accepted positions as pas- 
toral care director of The Brethren 
Home, New Oxford, Pa., and as dean 
of Graduate Studies at Bethany The- 
ological Seminary's Susquehanna 
Valley Satellite, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Phil and Louie Rieman 

Warren Eshbach 

8 Messenger March 1997 

The Global Mission Partnerships director for the redesign- 
id General Board will be Mervin Keeney, representative to Africa 
ind the Middle East, who was named in January. This new posi- 
ion will begin in July, when the Board's new structure is 
ixpected to go into effect. 

Keeney's responsibilities will include administering and monitor- 
ing the General Board's current and future global mission work. 

Flooding in the Northwest US prompted Brethren assistance. 
)isaster response coordinators in Pacific Southwest and Ore- 
ion/ Washington districts in January were assessing the 
:;ituation to take action if needed. Cooperative Disaster Child 
^are volunteers set up child care centers from Jan. 4 to 1 1 in 
yiodesto, Calif., and in Medford, Ore. 
Brethren nationwide can aid those affected by constructing 
Gift of the Heart" kits. To learn how to construct "Gift of the 
;deart" kits, contact Church World Service at (219) 264-3102. 

fhe 1997 Nigeria workcamp was canceled for American par- 
icipants after they were denied visas by the Nigerian government, 
"he workcamp was still held for six workcampers from Germany 
ind Switzerland affiliated with the Swiss-based Basel Mission, the 
;;hurch of the Brethren's mission partner in Nigeria. This situation 
s similar to that of two Nigerian students from Ekklesiyar Yanuwa a 
Nligeria (the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria), who planned to 
ittend Bethany Theological Seminary in Richmond, Ind., but were 
Jenied visas by the US in 1 995 and 1 996. 

Jubilee was rated the best children's curriculum in a 

)hone poll last year of over 1 ,300 people in nine denominations. 

iubliee, the children's Sunday school curriculum developed by 
the Church of the Brethren, the Mennonites, and 
Brethren in Christ, was rated "highest in cus- 
tomer satisfaction and emerged as a model for 
future curriculum planning," said Wendy McFad- 
den, director of Brethren Press. 
The survey was conducted for an ad hoc ecu- 
menical publishing group, including Brethren Press, 

hat is planning curriculum for the next century. 

Jrethren were involved in several events organized by 
:)hristian Peacemaker Teams this winter. The Christian Peace- 
naker Congress was held Dec. 27-30 in Washington, D.C. The 
;ongress, sponsored by CPT and New Call to Peacemaking, met 
jnder the theme 'Joining the Nonviolent Struggle: Getting in the 
A/ay." Brethren Art Gish of Athens, Ohio, served as a plenary 
speaker. Over 200 participants concluded the congress by cir- 
;ling the Pentagon and reading the following statement: "We 
lave come to the Pentagon from across America to lament the 
larvest of violence which our nation is reaping in the form of 
inempioyment, hunger, poverty, homelessness, depression, 
;rime, and despair." 

CPT also held its fifth annual demonstration against violent 
oys on New Year's Day in Chicago. Thirty Brethren, Mennonites, 

and Quakers began the protest at the Art Institute and then 
walked to a nearby Toys "R" Us, where they held a peaceful 
protest. The protest was covered by the Chicago Tribune. 

During a protest in January at the US Navy's Project ELF (ex- 
tremely low frequency) facility in Ashland County, Wis., — a 
government radio facility that communicates with submarines 
that are at sea— 1 1 CPT members were arrested for protesting 
with over 50 others. The protesters held a mock trial, charging 
ELF with "crimes against humanity and the environment," ac- 
cording to Gene Stoltzfus of CPT The protestors stated that ELF 
should be "shut down," and then symbolically "closed" the sta- 
tion by hanging closure signs on the outer fence of the facility, 
while others attempted to climb the fence to place more signs 
within the facility. The arrested protesters included Brethren 
Cheryl Cayford, Elgin, III.; Kryss Chupp, Chicago, III.; Mark Frey, 
North Newton, Kan.; and Cliff Kindy, North Manchester, Ind. 

"It has been a great media year for us," said Brian Backe, 
SERRV International marketing director, after he 
appeared on Cable News Network (CNN) on Christ- 
mas Day to promote SERRV in a seven-minute 
segment on alternative giving. CNN contacted 
Backe following SERRV's segment on National '^K^ 
Public Radio in November Backe showed several ^^^ 
SERRV crafts during the segment which was filmed at the CNN 
studio in Washington, D.C. 

Congregational peace coordinator training events are 

being held this year Five districts are hosting the events, which 
began with Middle Pennsylvania on Jan. 19. Other districts 
involved are Northern Ohio — March 15; Southern Pennsylva- 
nia—April 27; Pacific Southwest— May 16-18; and Western 
Pennsylvania— June 7, 

"Peace coordinators are selected by congregations to serve as 
a peace resource person for the church, while also representing 
ways to involve the congregation in various forms of peace wit- 
ness," said David Radcliff, director of Denominational Peace 
Witness. Participants will learn of resources and ideas for 
peacemaking, the biblical and Brethren basis for peace, and 
denominational action in peace. 

A first-ever grant to North Korea of $35,000 grant from the 
Global Food Crisis Fund was approved in January to assist in a 
first-time effort at double cropping. The funds will help plant 
wheat, barley, and rice on over 1,600 acres that will feed nearly 
3,000 families for a year. The assistance is in response to flood- 
ing in North Korea over the past two years because, according to 
David Radcliff, director of Denominational Peace Witness, "Inter- 
national agencies estimate that over three quarters of the 
population is experiencing some form of malnutrition." 

Radcliff was scheduled to visit North Korea in February with a 
delegation that includes the Heifer Project International Asia 
director. "With Brethren encouragement, HPI is actively exploring 
projects in that country," Radcliff said. 

March 1997 Messenger 9 

^^^^HI^^^^^^^HHP^' ' 






^^^^L . 




p • 





1 ■ ■ ■. . 


to j'Ue 

. .Or 

abv^rcc^, cl^/LdKet^ cxpLo/teol, cl^iWKei^ i^e^jLectedi, cI^/Wkci^ c)o^^e bad. Bv^t, ^i^l'ike a 

c^KeaoJeol K%evo c^/rea;e Ajk xAjt^/cl^ yea^; cov^W pa;; bcAjKe a c^^re ); A5«^^%c^, fUii /; a 

pKobLcri tUat ^eedi t^o Cv^k-e, j«^rt ///-^pLe pk-evev%t)oi^. CaLL it po/it/ve paKGi^t/^%cj. 

Tl^i; ;pec)aL cUrteK o^ aKticLc; ev>co<^j^ac]e; o>^k LeaK^%/t^cj /viokg abov/t cK/Wkg^, 

LcaK^^l^^cJ paKev%t)^%c) rk/LLi", a^%c^ LeaKk%iv%cj vol^at v^je cat^ do /^ o>^k cI^ukcI^g; to bK/v%cj ov^t 

fine bert 1^ oi^K claiLcilKev% a^%cJl to t^eLp tl^er> ^/w%cj| tl^eiK pLace i^ ;oc/ety. 

10 Messenger March 1997 

to j'Ue 

C^iWKeK% }v^ fUe SibLc 

3Y Harriet Finney 

he voices of children, while sometimes 
seeming unnecessarily noisy and annoying 
to parents, are nonetheless, often not 
eally heard by adults, unless they are given 
'oice by people who are more articulate and 
lave greater power. In the Bible the voices of 
■hildren speak to us through the stories, 
hrough the commandments of God, and 
hrough the words of (esus and the early 
:hurch. What do we hear these voices 
aying? How do they speak to us and to our 
elationship with children today? 

Isaac was definitely a "wanted" child (Gen. 
18:21). In the book of Genesis we read that 
he grief and shame of childlessness had pro- 
oundly affected the lives of his parents, 
Abraham and Sarah, from their personal rela- 
ionship to their ability to trust in God's 
promise that they would be the ancestors of a 
■freat nation. For people living in that culture, 
children, especially sons, brought not only 
he joy of their immediate presence into a 
amily, but also a certain status or prestige, a 
Dromise of honor and assistance in old age, 
and a heritage of hope for the future. The 
conception and birth of Isaac was understood 
;o be a special gift from God. 

The voices of children speak to us, saying: I 
am a unique child of God, to be loved and 
/alued for who I am as well as for who I may 

Isaac was loved and valued. Yet there was 
he expectation in the society in which this 
'amily lived that the firstborn child would be 
;acrificed because the gods demanded it. 
Abraham was tested as he too heard God's 
command to offer his son as a sacrifice. As 
he sacrifice was about to be made, God 
ipoke and Isaac's life was spared (Gen. 22). 

In ludges 1 1 , there is another child whose 
ife was ended at an early age because of her 
"ather's vow to God that he would offer up 
:he life of the first person who greeted him 
vhen he returned home victoriously from 
cattle. When lephthah came to his home and 
vas excitedly welcomed by his daughter, who 
lad planned to surprise him with a dance and 
iong that she had created especially for the 

occasion, his response to this exuberant 
expression of love was to tear his clothes and 
say, "Alas, my daughter! You have brought me 
very low; you have become the cause of great 
trouble to me. For I have opened my mouth 
to the Lord, and I cannot take back my vow" 
(Judg. 1 1:35). Thus, this young girl with 
such a passion for living was left to mourn 
the life she would never know because of 
societal understandings and traditions. 

The voices of children speak: Help us to 
grow and mature without becoming entrapped 
in the many expectations of our society that 
may harm us. Guide us gently in what is right, 
while encouraging us to live our own lives. 

From the Law through the Prophets, in the 
Psalms and in the gospel message of |esus, the 
Bible reminds us that we are to show compas- 
sion toward, and provide special care for people 
who may be weaker or have special needs. The 
ordinances that God commanded in Exodus 
include these words: "You shall not abuse any 
widow or orphan. If you do abuse them, when 
they cry out to me, I will surely heed their cry" 
(Exod. 22:22-23). The prophet Zechariah said, 
"Do not oppress the widow, the orphan, the 
alien, or the poor" (Zech. 6:10). And fames 
said: "Religion that is pure and undefiled before 
God, the Father, is this: to care for orphans and 
widows in their distress, and to keep oneself 
unstained by the world" (|as. 1:27). 

In the early years following Jesus' death 
and resurrection, the church was a part of a 
society dominated by the Roman Empire, in 
which children were considered to be the 
property of their father. 

The epistles reflect that social reality, while 
also encouraging Christians to follow Jesus' 
example and teachings concerning children. 
"Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for 
this is right. . . .And fathers, do not provoke 
your children to anger, but bring them up in 
the discipline and instruction of the Lord." 
(Eph. 6: 1 ,4). "Children, obey your parents in 
everything, for this is your acceptable duty in 
the Lord. Fathers, do not provoke your chil- 
dren, or they may lose heart" (Col. 3:20-21). 
Titus 2:4 has words of instruction for mothers, 
advising young women to love their children. 

The voices of children speak: We need dis- 

like vo/ce; of 
cU'ilc\^e^ ;peak'. 

Let v^; L/rte*^ 
a>%d LeaK^^ f^or^ 
yov^ abov^t tl^e 

f^'ifU t^at h 

yo^ aUo l);tet^ 
to v^i", KeaK ovK 

LcaKK% A'o/^ ^( 
a; uoeLL? 

March 1997 Messenger 11 

cU'id/e^ ;peak 

to oil ^3yi»^'^- 

I a/^ a yjv-,io^e 

cKiW 0^ 6oot, to 

be LoveoJ a^%ci 

vaL^^ed! foy ^l^o 

I ar> a; uoeLL ar 

AaK vajI^o I /^ay 


cipline and guidance as we learn and grow, 
yet always with love and patience, and with 
the understanding that we are still children. 

"Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God, the 
Lord alone. You shall love the Lord your God 
with all your heart, and with all your soul, and 
with all your might. . . . Recite (these words) to 
your children and talk about them . . ." (Deut. 
6:4-6). Again and, again biblical passages give 
us the message that children are to be included 
in experiences of faith. Not only are they to be 
taught, but also invited to participate in the 
community of faith as it gathers to praise God, 
to worship, to hear solemn words of com- 
mandment, to remember and give thanks to 
God, to participate in commemorative acts. 

The understanding of a child about matters 
of faith is not to be underestimated. Samuel's 
call from God came when he was a young boy, 
assisting the priest Eli in the temple. Jeremiah 
was called to begin his prophesying when he 
thought himself much too young. Mary was 
undoubtedly barely more than a child when the 
angel Gabriel appeared to her with the amazing 
message that she would become the mother of 
Jesus. And even she was astonished to find her 
son in the temple at age 12, amazing the theolo- 
gians and teachers there with his questions, his 
perception and understanding. 

Jesus himself spoke clearly on this matter. 

"Let the little children come to me for 

whoever does not receive the kingdom of God 
as a little child will never enter it" (Mark 
1 0: 1 4, 1 5). And he blessed the children. 

The apostle Paul encouraged the Corinthi- 
ans to be like children in one aspect of their 
living, while being adult in another. "Brothers 
and sisters, do not be children in your think- 
ing; rather, be infants in evil (maliciousness), 
but in thinking be adults" (1 Cor. 14:20). 
Childlike behavior may take us from malicious 
words and deeds. 

The voices of children speak: Let us listen 
and learn from you about the faith that is 
yours. And will you also listen to us, hear our 
questions and learn from us as well? Invite us 
to be a vital part of the community of faith, so 
that we can learn and worship and praise 
God together. 





Harriet Finney of North Manchester. Ind.. is co-executive of 
South/Central Indiana District of the Church of the Brethren. 

BY Judith A. Myers-Wall 

Imagine a church with no children. Every 
one in the church is 18 years old or older. 
Imagine Sunday morning — worship ser- 
vice, Sunday school hour, and fellowship 
time. Imagine a potluck or carry-in dinner. 
Imagine the church facilities. How would such 
a church look, sound, and feel? 

There would be some notable benefits for 
this type of church. There would be no nurs- 
ery expenses. Spaghetti dinners for National 
Youth Conference would be unnecessary. No 
one would need to be convinced to work in 
the nursery or teach children's Sunday school. 
Compared to churches with lots of children, it 
would be quieter during the worship service, 
and there would be fewer fingerprints in the 
cake icing at the church meals. Pastors could 
concentrate entirely on the sermons and other 
adult activities instead of being distracted by 
the children's story. Almost everyone in the 
church would be a potential board member or 
Annual Conference delegate. 

For many people the picture of a childless 
church is not a positive one. Many would say 
that the benefits of reduced costs and increased 
focus on adult needs and programs are not 
worth the costs of losing the children's presence 
in the church. But what are the benefits of chil- 
dren's presence? If you would be concerned 
about a childless church, would you be con- 
cerned about families, the future, fun, or focus? 

Families. Some people connect children 
with church growth. Children and young fam- 
ilies usually come as a package deal, and 
young families could have a long life ahead of 
them in a church. As a bonus, young families 
may multiply themselves. Families with chil- 
dren often look for churches with other young 
families and with large and active child and 
youth programs. So families with young chil- 
dren may attract other families with young 
children, helping the church grow. 

This view may concentrate on the families. Iti 
may see the children just as a side effect that 
coincidentally accompanies the primary bene- 
fit of bringing young families into the church. 

Future. Other people may look at children 
as a predictor of the future health of the 
church. They see today's children as tomor- 

12 Messenger March 1997 

hid^e^^^ a^%cl foCyj^ 

ow's church members and leaders. In that 
'lew, if today's church members are patient 
md they tolerate the inconveniences and 
idditional costs of children in the church now, 
he investment will pay off in the future. 

This view is represented by the many slogans 
hat state "Children are our future." Again, the 
:oncentration is not on the children as chil- 
Iren, but on what they may become in the 

C2^ Love it;claiLdKev% 

future. A danger is that the emphasis on wait- 
ing for the future may lead us to miss the 
special gifts that children offer in the present. 

Fun. Yet another group of people may espe- 
cially value the entertainment provided by 
children. A Christmas program with children 
dressed as sheep, shepherds, wise men, 
angels, Mary, and Joseph can't miss. And who 

Basic move- 
ment — rolling, 
sitting, reach- 
ing, crawling 

The impor- 
tance of commu- 
nication, under- 
standing and 
speaking a few 

Basic trust 
and security 

(2 to 5 years of age) 

Using movements for 
games and tasks 

How to do things for 
themselves (dressing, 
eating, using the bath- 

Building vocabulary 
and grammar 

Building confidence 
and independence 

Learning by doing 

Following rules be- 
cause they get re- 

Provide a safe 
and stimulating 

Childproof the 
fellowship hall 
and classrooms. 

Celebrate baby 

Love the child 
and the parents. 

Provide activity packs 
for use in worship ser- 

Childproof any area 
where the children 
might go. 

Include preschoolers 
in a children's sermon, 
but provide a nursery 
for other times in the 
service, if desired. 

Arrange for parent- 
ing classes for the 

(6 to 12 years of age) 

Developing more ad- 
vanced movement skills 

Doing most things for 

Saying and understand- 
ing almost everything; 
sometimes experimenting 
with adult language 

Learning basic academic 
skills (reading, writing, 

Understanding the things 
they have experience with 

Following rules because 
they are the rules 

Provide age-appropriate 
activity packs for use in 
worship services. 

Provide choirs and op- 
portunities for church pro- 

Display art projects and 
poetry or writing, or pro- 
vide a column in the 
church newsletter. 

Include their ideas when 
creating church profiles 
and assessments. 

Arrange for parenting 
classes for the parents. 

you'k>cj ac;loLe;cet^t; 

(13 to 15 years of age) 

Developing sports exper- 
tise and performance skills 

Interest in caring for 
younger children 

Learning with other 
young adolescents and 
with limited adult direction 

Deciding some career 

Following rules based 
on a black-and-white un- 
derstanding of morality; 
interest in world hunger, 
peace, and other issues 

Provide choirs and oppor- 
tunities for contributions 
to worship experiences. 

Allow young adolescents 
to help in the nursery. 

Encourage participation 
and leadership in service 

Provide a column in the 
church newsletter. 

Ask for input regarding 
church decisions, espe- 
cially those that impact 
young adolescents. 

Provide a membership 
class, celebrate baptism, 
and offer alternative op- 
portunities for those not 
yet ready for baptism. 

OWeK ac^oLerce^%t; 

(16 to 18 years of age) 

Preparing for adult roles 

Developing intimate 

Choosing which family 
activities and commit- 
ments to maintain 

Making some commit- 
ments to educational 
and occupational 

Following rules based 
on individual values and 
the needs of others 

Provide opportunities 
for leadership in wor- 
ship services, 
sometimes providing 
youth a service of their 

Consider one or more 
youth positions on the 
church board. 

Ask for input regard- 
ing church decisions. 

Provide opportunities 
for leadership in a vari- 
ety of church activities. 

Provide opportunities 
for baptism for those 
ready during high 

lUDlTH A. 

Myers -Walls 

March 1997 Messenger 13 

Cl^'id^e^ arc 

vaUabLe, ^^ot 

ov%Ly becav^re 

tiacy uoiLL /^ake 

becav^i"© 0^ vajI^o 
tl^cy aKc k%ovo. 

can avoid smiling at a baby dedication or a 
children's choir performance? Children can 
be unbelievably cute and adorable and can 
enliven even the driest situation. A danger 
here is that we may not notice the wisdom 
and messages carried by children while we 
are smiling or laughing at their naive or pre- 
cocious behavior. 

A I of these views at their heart can be 
very accurate and healthy in a church. 
Children are an important aspect of 
church growth; they could be an indicator of 
the future health and direction of a church; 
and they are fun and can brighten the worlds 
of those around them. But Jesus proposed 
another view of children. He encouraged us 
to focus on them now, as children. 

Focus. lesus said, "Let the little children 
come to me; do not stop them" (Mark 10: 14). 
He didn't say, "Let the little children come to 
me, and bring their parents along because they 
are the ones 1 really want to see." He also didn't 
say, "Let the little children come to me, because 
some day they will be important." Nor did he 
say, "Let the little children come and perform 
for me, because they are really cute." In fact, 
Jesus went on to say something that apparently 
was shocking in his time, and may still be 
shocking in this time: "For it is to such as these 
that the kingdom of God belongs. Truly I tell 
you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of 
God as a little child will never enter it" (Mark 
10: 14-15). 

Any society or institution that does not care 
for its children has a very limited future. But 
Jesus made a different observation: Children 
are valuable, not only because they will make 
contributions in the future, but because of 
who they are now. Children are important 
because they are children, not only because 
they are future adults. Yes, they have things 
to learn from adults, but they also have things 
to teach to adults. Adults are to become like 
children if they are to enter the kingdom of 
God. So if we are all to become like children, 
we must learn to understand and emulate the 
sense of wonder, hope, faith, love, and devo- 
tion of children. 

Childhood is an interesting time of life. 
Everyone on earth is either currently a child or 
has been one in the past. That means that 
everyone on earth possesses a significant level 

of expertise about childhood. We all know — or 
at least once knew — what it is like to be a child. 
Unfortunately, many of us either develop amne- 
sia about this stage of our lives, or find it too 
painful to remember, or forget how to remem- 
ber. We bury our childhood wisdom in so much 
adult thinking that we may need to dig through 
several layers to recover that approach to life to 
which Jesus called us. 

Churches provide a wonderful opportunity 
to tap into childhood wisdom that is not avail- 
able to many people not involved in a church. 
Churches challenge the age segregation that is 
so pervasive in our society. Infants through 
the elderly attend the same church together, 
often sitting next to each other in the same 
meetings. The opportunity is there to create a 
rich union of the wisdom of infancy, child- 
hood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle 
age, and aging. But in order to build this 
amalgamation of wisdom we need to welcome 
all ages and then listen to each other and 
understand what we are hearing. 

How can we learn from children? Do we 
line up children as teachers for adult Sunday 
school classes instead of the other way around I 
or make a 10-year-old church board chair? 
Actually, those approaches would be examples 
of using an adult focus, not a child focus. 
Teaching a class or presiding over a meeting 
are adult methods of sharing wisdom. In 
order to learn from children, we need to enter 
their world and participate in their approach 
to teaching. It may help to think of three 
steps: Learn about the culture of childhood; 
listen to children; and walk with children. 

Learn about the culture of childhood. At 
several periods in history, children have been 
viewed as small adults. They were given smaller 
versions of adult clothes and expected to do the 
same things as adults, except maybe a little 
less. But children are different from adults, not 
only in size, but also in how they view the 
world, how they think and process informa- 
tion, what they consider to be fun, and what 
they dream about. Understanding children's 
developmental stages can help adults as they 
prepare activities for children and as they try to 
understand and interpret messages from them. 

It may be helpful to compare learning about I 
children to learning about people in another 
country or culture. In order to understand 
any culture, it is important to explore the lan- 

14 Messenger March 1997 

^uage, learn about the customs, and observe 
everyday life. As a traveler, one's goal is not 
.0 change the people in the other culture, but 
:o appreciate who they are and how they are 
different. As travelers through the world of 
:hildhood, we do not need to transform them 
nto us, but just need to observe them closely 
enough to learn how to communicate with 
hem and interpret the wisdom and messages 
:hey can share with us. 

Listen to children. Listening to children is 
the heart of communication with them. 
• By listening to children we may learn 
low they think and what they think is impor- 
:ant. Listening also will communicate caring 
and nurturance to the children more power- 
fully than almost any other action. A 
sometimes painful and sometimes affirming 
aspect of listening is that it provides a mirror 
:o our own actions: we hear our own words 
in the children's voices, and we see the impli- 
cations of our words and actions as 
interpreted by children. 

Responding to children can also help us 
earn from them — if the focus is on the chil- 
dren and not on our need to express our ideas. 
Po find out if you truly understand something 
and to get away from the jargon that often 
abscures the concepts, try to explain that con- 
cept to a young child. Tell a child what God is 
or what Easter is all about. In this sense, when 
we try to teach children, we may learn more 
[han the children do. But that learning on our 
part is most likely if we combine our responses 
ivith effective listening. 

Walk with children. We spend a lot of time 
as adults doing things to or for children. We 
arrange their schedules, we tie their shoes, and 
vve remind them of rules. But if we are to enter 
:he kingdom of God as young children, we 
may need to do things with them. Isaiah drew 
a picture of the wonders of the Messiah and 
included the statement, "A litde child shall lead 
them" (Isa. 1 1 :6). We need to trust the faith of 
children enough to let them take the lead in 
matters of faith sometimes, and to let them 
ioin us as we make our faith journeys. 

Children are integral members of our 
churches, not only because they bring young 
families with them to church, not only 
oecause they are fun, and not only because 
:hey will be members and leaders of the 

future, but because of who they are now. If 
we wait for children to be something more in 
the future, we may miss who they are today. 
Children can raise the windows of faith 
development and open the door to the 
kingdom of God. 


ludith A. Myers-Wall is associate professor of Child Devel- 
opment and Family Studies at Purdue University, Lafayette, 
Ind., and a member of Lafayette Church of the Brethren. 

Reroufi^ce; o^s CMd^Qv^ ; /;;vye; 

(For annotated bibliography, see 1996 edition of Family Ministry 
Resources, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; (800) 323-8039. 

Raising Self-Reliant Children in a Self-indulgent World, Glen 
H.Stephen and (ane Nelson, 1989, Prima Publishing and 
Communication, Rocklin, CaliL (916) 786-0426. 

Serendipity Parenting Courses, Lyman Coleman, Serendipity, 
Littleton, Colo., 1991. 

Parenting Pre-schoolers: From Car Seats to Kindergarten. 

Single Parenting: Flying Solo 

Parenting Adolescents: Easing the Way to Adulthood 

Blended Families: Yours, Mine, Ours 

Learning Disabilities: Parenting the Misunderstood 

Our Children At Risk, joint editorship, 1991. Augsburg Fortress, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Regarding Children. 1994, Herbert Anderson & Kenneth R. Mitchell. 
Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville, Ky. 

Three Generations. Gary L. Mcintosh, 1995, Fleming H. Revell, 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

A Growing Together Series. (Booklets), 1990, United Church 
Press, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Talking With Your Child About . ..SEXUALITY. R.K. Ostermiller. 
Talking With Your Child About . ..FEELINGS. Kathryn Parker. 
Talking With Your Child About . . . PRAYER. Myra A. Nagel. 
Talking With Your Child About . . . WORSHIP Sandra Edwards. 

Helping Teens Care, |ames McGinnis, 1991, Crossroad Publishing Co., 
New York, N.Y. 

fust Between Father and Son. E. James Wilder, 1990, Intervarsity Press, 
Downers Grove, 111. 


Parenting — Growing Up Together Series (V564R1 through V564R6), 
Ecufilm 1985. Six videocassettes, 20-22 minutes each, study guide. 

Roots to Grow. Wings to Fly: The Fundamentals of Christian Parenting, 

1992, Bob Kraning, Christian Life Resources, Mesquite, Texas. 
— Ron Finney 

Ron Finney is co-e.xecutive of South/Central Indiana District and interim director of 
District Ministry. 

March 1997 Messenger 15 



Like a koLLck 
coa;tGK K/c^e. 
C^i/WKe^% are 



a^vci ;p/K/tv^aLLy 

cvei^y day. 
A; tuir cjKovotK 

paKei^t; are 

cKaLLei^cjeci to 

acilapt vyoitl^ 

BY John and Deb Lahman 

fesus called the children to him and said. "Let 
the children come to me and do not stop them, 
because the kingdom of God belongs to such 
as these" (Luke 18:16. TEV). 

Parent: "As long as you live under this roof, 

you'll do as I say!" 
Parent: "No daughter of mine is going out in 

public looking like that!" 
Parent: "Don't talk to me like that!" 
Child: "Nobody else's parents expect them 

to be home by 1 1!" 
Child: "You always say no!" 
Child: "I don't care what you think of my 

friends, you can't choose my friends 

for me!" 
Child: "You are the most old-fashioned 

parents anyone has ever had!" 

Statements like these can be heard around 
many households — Brethren and non- 
Brethren. What we may desire in the way of 
love and communication in our families does 
not always happen. In fact, communication in 
love in a family takes a great deal of time and 
effort. Communication in love is generated by 
parents' focus, flexibility, and intentionality. 

How hard is it to create the right environ- 
ment for positive family interaction? What 
ingredients are present in fostering positive 
self-esteem in children? How do we maintain 
a Christ-centered family life while dealing 
with the culture that surrounds us? 

While society assumes that parenting is 
something everyone does naturally, children 
are subjected to a variety of injustices. The 
means to ensure that children's voices are 
heard in their homes is parents receiving sup- 
port from the church and encouragement to 
enhance parenting skills. Here are some 
strategies that give families tools to handle 
the world around them. 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
homes requires making God the center of our 
families. When mealtime and devotional time 
are used for praying, reading scripture, and 
discussing faith, children learn that our lives 
are built on God's grace and love through the 
life of lesus Christ. 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
homes means giving children opportunities 
to express themselves. Best results are 
achieved through intentional communication 
strategies in which family members prioritize 
time with one another. One strategy makes 
use of a kitchen timer at the dinner table to 
provide each family member equal time to 
talk about the day, a problem, a friend, an 
incident, or some other personal topic. With- 
out the kitchen timer, there is the risk that 
the conversation will center on only one or 
two family members, leaving others to listen 
without talking. Of course the timer does not 
have to be used at every meal. The joy of 
family conversation cannot be scripted. The 
use of time shared equally on a regular basis, 
however, helps families listen to the voices of 
all, not just a few. 

"If we had employed the timer at our 
dinner table," one great-grandmother 
remarked, "our youngest would have been 
able to overcome his stuttering. At mealtime, 
he could never get a word in edgewise." 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
homes requires clarity of communication and 
understanding in the family unit. When order 
is given to their worlds, children's day-to-day 
lives gain predictability. Clarity is useful to 
parents attempting to keep equilibrium in 
their children's lives by providing a constant, 
predictable routine. This framework helps 
children have and expect secure environ- 
ments on which they can depend. 

Many parents operate in their own time 
frames, expecting children to come and go 
along with them. By clarifying family sched- 
ules and activity plans in advance with the 
children, parents are better able to win the 
children's cooperation and support. Simi- 
larly, parents must be flexible enough to 
accommodate their children's plans, espe- 
cially as the children grow into the teen years 
and young adulthood. 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
homes requires parents who actively listen. 
Often we catch ourselves in communication 
with our children, without really focusing on 
what they are saying or feeling, without really 
engaging in eye-to-eye communication. Lis- 
tening to children involves being very 

16 Messenger March 1997 

iintentional about actively hearing the words 
jthat they speak. Also, active listening means 
reading between the lines — picking up on the 
ifeelings that may be indicated by tone of 
jvoice or body posture. 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
ihomes means growing with children as they 
mature. Parenting is like a roller coaster 
ride. Children are growing physically, emo- 
tionally, and spiritually every hour of every 
day. As this growth is occurring, parents are 
challenged to adapt with the children. What 
a child needs as a 12-year-old sixth grader 
in elementary school may be a great deal dif- 
ferent from what that same child needs as a 
13-year-old seventh grader in junior high 
school. Parents must ride the roller coaster 
with their children, through the peaks and 
valleys that are created by this developmen- 
tal process. 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
ihomes means praising children. Appreciating 
children is one of the very best parenting 
strategies available. The admonition to praise 
children sounds simple, and is simple to do, 
but difficult to do consistently. Are our most 
common interactions with our children com- 
plimentary and appreciative? Or are they 
criticizing and condescending? For every 
reprimand, do we offer also a pat on the back 
either through words or actions? 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
ihomes means giving encouragement to chil- 
dren. Encouragement shows confidence in 
the children and helps them pursue other 
challenges that may be encountered. Encour- 
agement involves recognizing and building on 
the strengths that are evident, while valuing 
the children for their actions. Out of encour- 
agement, young people begin to view 
themselves as capable and their independence 
is stimulated. 

"If 1 were you, I'd be very proud of myself." 
I'With this statement, parents can help chil- 
dren feel good about their accomplishments. 
If parents tell their children, "We are proud 
of you," that suggests that the children's 
actions or accomplishments are really for the 
parents. Helping children feel pride in their 
own actions and behavior helps them gain 
confidence and strength. 

Listening to the voices of children in our 
homes is the most important ministry to 
which parents are called. Balancing and 
attaining life's necessities — such as occupa- 
tions, community service, and congregational 
life — is important, but nothing is more 
important than the opportunity and responsi- 
bility of parenting. 

Giving our best to our children and grand- 
children is the ultimate life ministry. In 
thoughtfully guiding children through child- 
hood, we give meaning to their lives and our 
lives. As we are models of our own Christian 
convictions, future generations and congre- 
gations become the beneficiaries of our r7J~ 
devoted parenting efforts. i 

cj/ve r^e2v^iv->'^ to 
tl^eiK Liver a^^d 

lohn and Deb Lahman are members of Glendale 
(Ariz.) Church of the Brethren, lohn is a high school 
guidance counselor and Deb is an elementary school 
intervention specialist. 

March 1997 Messenger 17 

Where there's al 

Dare we not feel a 

certain amount of 

shoc\ and anger 

every tune we hear 

of another child 

somewhere in our 

world 77 ot allowed 

to be a child and 

not allowed to 

have a dream for 

the future? 

18 Messenger March 1997 

BY David Radcliff 

^ ^ ■ f I didn't work here, we'd go 
I hungry." This short phrase, 
^Lspoken by a child worker on a 
tea estate in Kenya, sums up the situ- 
ation of many of the world's 250 
million working children. With few 
economic resources, their parents 
see little alternative to sending their 
children to work. 

And so they are sent to the fields to 
prepare the ground or harvest the 
crop or carry the produce to market. 
Indeed, young people under 14 years 
of age comprise 12 percent of the 
workers on the world's agricultural 

Children in rural areas not working 
in the field labor as domestic workers 
or as child care providers for younger 
siblings while parents are at work. 
Often chafing at this task, a "real 
job" is seen as a clear advancement. 

Cities serve as a magnet for chil- 
dren looking for "real" work. 
Opportunities are as varied as an 
entrepreneur's imagination — carpet 
makers, street vendors, begging 
operations, factories, prostitution. 
"Real" work for "real" (though not 
much) pay. Children earn from a few 
cents to a few dollars a day, and 
often for work that is dangerous or 
debilitating. Factory fumes clog 
young lungs. Hot metals are cast 
inches away from young bodies. 
Strangers force themselves on young 
boys and girls in darkened rooms as 
many as a dozen times a day (several 
million children are trapped in the 
global sex trade). Food, rent, or 
reimbursement for damaged goods 
come out of a child's earnings. 

What parent would freely send a 
child to work, especially the kind of 
work that injures body and soul? 
Few parents would choose such a 
path for their child, although in some 

cultures, there is less stigma attached 
to children working than in others. 
In most cases, economic necessity 
drives child exploitation. 

A recent report from the World 
Bank conveys the cold, hard num- 
bers. One quarter of the world's 
people must survive on a dollar or 
less per day. This makes difficult 
choices arise where there should 
have to be no choice at all. 

For instance, can a child be sent to 
school? Along with an extra monthly 
expense of $6-8 for secondary school 
tuition, there is also the loss of 
income the child might have brought 
to the family as a worker. Can the 
family afford a net loss of perhaps 
$ 1 5-20 per month in sending a child 
to school? And sometimes school is 
harder to justify because of poorly 
trained teachers, lack of materials, 
and an education that is not relevant 
to the child's present or future needs. 
Many parents long to give their chil- 
dren the education they never had, 
and statistics show how much an 
education can mean to a child's 
future. Alas, many children are not 
able to live out their parents" dream, 
but are consigned to follow in their 

Are there ways that even poor par- 
ents could avoid sending their child 
to the field, factory, or brothel? 
Often children are sent to work 
because their family has had to take 
out a loan to meet an unexpected 
emergency. A lender will provide the 
loan, often as little as $ 1 0, if the par- 
ents will turn over a child to work off 
the debt. This kind of "debt bondage" 
can ensnare a child for years. If fami- 
lies had access to small-scale loans 
with reasonable repayment schedules, 
they would not need to use their 
child's working body as the repay- 
ment coupon booklet. 

Families around the world can also 

fc^ork and no play 

benefit from a better understanding 
of the effects of a childhood spent 
working. Boys and girls in the sex 
trade bear permanent psychological 
and relational scars. Those in facto- 
ries often experience physical and 
mental stunting. Children sent to 
work far away from their families do 
not form strong familial bonds and 
learn the lessons of life from caring 
adults. Child soldiers (as many as 
200,000 around the world) suffer 
emotional trauma for years from their 
experiences in combat. As parents 
and entire societies better understand 
ithese risks for exploited children, 
fthere can be a greater reluctance to 
see children used in this way. 

Another avenue for easing the 
pressure to employ children is for 
laws to be passed — and enforced 
when passed — that make it illegal for 
children to be exploited as workers. 
Ironically, in many countries where 
children make up a large percentage 
of the work force, as many adults are 
unemployed as children are 
employed. Employers know that a 
child can be paid less and will be 
more compliant than an adult in the 
same job. Recent reports have also 
debunked the standard argument 
that children are more adept at work 
requiring dexterity — adults perform 
just as well, but just aren't as cheap 
or as submissive. 

Of course this brings the question 
a little closer home. In the global 
marketplace, attempts to improve 
profits can take direct aim at child 
workers. If hiring children decreases 
production costs, this in turn 
increases earnings . . . which brings 
smiles to corporate board rooms . . . 
and bonuses to executives . . .and 
gains in stock market prices . . .and 
extra dividends for retirees heavily 
invested in stocks . . . and ... we begin 
to get the picture. Paying a child a 

few cents for a day's work can do 
wonders for the bottom line on a 
corporate or personal ledger half a 
world away. 

But what is the true price of squan- 
dering a child's life for better 
earnings reports? What does it bode 
for the world's coming generation 
when so many children enter adult- 
hood without the experience of a 
healthy childhood? How will the 
working children of today be pre- 
pared for the world of tomorrow — a 
world of information and communi- 
cation? Are they not destined to be 
left farther and farther behind? 

For Christians, the questions 
are even more pointed . . . and 
have a prophetic ring. Dare we 
enjoy cheaper products or larger 
portfolio profits if these have come at 
the expense of the health and future 
of world's most vulnerable? What 
have we done to combat the growing 
child sex trade or to keep children 
out of the world's armies? Our own 
attitudes toward and tacit acceptance 
of violence help create a climate 
where these travesties continue. 
Have we done all that we can to give 
the world's children the opportuni- 
ties to become what God created 
them to become? We regularly thank 
God for all our many blessings and 
opportunities; is God any less intent 
on blessing the lives of others — 
especially those little ones? 

I became acquainted with 13-year- 
old Rosa Maria's family during a stay 
in her village in Central America. 
After getting to know them over the 
course of several days, I asked to talk 
with Rosa Maria. She seemed intelli- 
gent and vivacious. I wanted to ask 
her about her life and about her 
hopes for the future. 

A time was arranged, and our back- 
yard interview took place amid the 

clucking of wandering chickens. She 
told me about the simple routines 
that made up her day and the few 
things she did for pleasure — such as 
walking to the corner and listening 
with friends to a transistor radio. 

Then I asked Rosa Maria what she 
wanted to do with her life, what her 
hopes and dreams were for her 
future. She paused for long enough 
that 1 thought she hadn't understood 
my pitiful Spanish. When I repeated 
the question, she said that she had 
indeed understood. Then she replied 
that she hoped to join her father 
working in the fields, or perhaps 
work for one of the wealthier families 
in town as a cook. I was shocked and 
confounded, and thought, "This girl 
doesn't have a dream!" Her father 
told me the next day that even though 
she was a good student and especially 
adept in math and science, Rosa 
Maria had had to drop out of school 
the year before. They did not have the 
necessary tuition for the next level. 

I know now that my surprise was 
at least in part due to my naivete, 
and I have since come across many 
similar stories. But dare we not feel a 
certain amount of shock and anger 
every time we hear of another child 
somewhere in our world not allowed 
to be a child and not allowed to have 
a dream for the future? This is a 
world that should be as unacceptable 
to us as it certainly must be to our 
God. This is also a world over which 
these children have little control. 
Unfortunately — for we stand under 
judgment — or fortunately — for we 
still have the capacity to work for 
change — we cannot say the [Ti" 

same thing. l — 

David Radcliffis director of the General 
Board's office of Denominational Peace Witness 
and staff liaison to the Child Exploitation Study 
Committee. The committee's revised paper will 
be brought to the 1 997 Annual Conference. 

March 1997 Messenger 19 

A.. n.?.w design 

for the General Board 

First in a four-part series of information pieces 
about the General Board's proposed new design. 

Doing General Board ministrie 

BY Tracy Wenger Sadd 

Listening to people across the denomination 
talk about Redesign, one hears a wide range 
^ of thoughts. Some people believe that 
Redesign will bring about the structure to end 
all structures, while others ask questions in the 
vein of "Can anything good come out of 
Nazareth?" Many people's views range some- 
where in between these two. But underneath this 
wide divergence of thought and feeling lies a 
foundational belief that something in this beloved 
denomination is not working right. People 
have lost confidence in the system. Some- 
thing needs to change. 

Some of the challenges the church faces 
are uniquely Brethren. Others are common 
to a number of denominations, and have 
occurred because of changes in the culture 
that have put the church under fire along 
with most established institutions. An 
increasingly secular culture has generated 
significant interest among congregations 
in the mission field just outside their front 
door. Donors are no longer willing to simply 
turn over their money to established insti- 
tutions. They want to see, feel, and even 
influence what their money is doing. The 
church may celebrate these changes or 
lament them, but the fact is that they are 
the reality in which the Church of the Brethren exists, and 
in which the General Board must carry out its work. 

A financial crisis challenged the General Board to take 
action in 1995. But the lack of funds was only a symptom 
of the need for change, not the problem in and of itself. 
As the Redesign Steering Committee listened to people 
across the denomination, other symptoms emerged. The 
denomination is facing a leadership crisis. While many 
congregations are thriving, even more are struggling for 
survival. General unrest is evident among the member- 
ship. People feel disconnected: the church no longer 
speaks to them in meaningful ways and it no longer lis- 
tens to them when they speak. In some ways. Brethren 
have not been faithful to their values. Brethren value 
openness to the leading of the Spirit in community with 
brothers and sisters, yet they have operated at many levels 
of the system with top-down management. Brethren value 
discerning or seeking the mind of Christ, yet have allowed 

20 Messenger March 1997 

Leaders at all levels 

of the organization 

in the new design 

will carry on a 
continuous two-way 


process — somewhat 

like a loop — with 

all parts of the 


church proceedings to be a legislative process, 
complete with advocacy and partisan politics. 
The financial crisis of the General Board 
provides an opportunity to lay the blame for 
all these symptoms at the feet of the General 
Board. But it would be more accurate and 
more efficacious to acknowledge the financial 
troubles of the General Board as only one of 
many symptoms that are a "wake-up call" for 
all parts of the denomination. Although there 
are thriving pockets within the denomination, 
the responses of Brethren, as well as the 30- 
year decline in membership and giving, 
all suggest that the denominational 
system called Church of the Brethren 
has lost momentum, energy, signifi- 
cance, and direction. Individual parts off 
the body of Christ called Church of the 
Brethren are thriving, but as a whole, 
the church is not. 

Many of these concerns go beyond 
the scope of the General Board. But 
some do rest with the General Board. 
Through Redesign, the General Board 
hopes to do its part by designing its newi 
structure to empower constructive lead 
ership to do General Board ministries inl 
a new way. The new design of the Gen- 
eral Board will not be a quick fix, but 
rather a first step in a long-term process; 
of fundamental change. Key to this process are a continu- 
ous two-way communication process, a broad-based 
participatory planning process, a new kind of denomina- 
tional staff, and a mission planning council. 

Leaders at all levels of the organization in the new 
design will carry on a continuous two-way communica- 
tion process — somewhat like a loop — with all parts of the 
denomination. This continuous communication loop will 
send a message, solicit input, listen and incorporate that 
input, respond with a revised message, and continue the 
process. This loop is not a public relations technique, a 
planning strategy, or a method of gathering data from the 
membership. It is hoped that it will be the beginning of a 
rediscovery of what it means to discern, or to seek the 
mind of Christ together — not at a meeting — but over 
days, weeks, and months of study, prayer, and conversa- 
tion at all levels of the church. In the end, what the , 
community comes up with in conversation together in the I 

1 a new way 

process should be far better than what leaders or mem- 
oers could have come up with separately. It is in this 
constantly looping communication that discernment may 
happen, vision may be confirmed, identity may be shaped, 
and mutual accountability may be encouraged. This con- 
dnuous communication loop will be one step in getting to 
ihe place where the church speaks to its members, the 
members speak to the church, and the members speak to 
;ach other in meaningful, faithful, and significant ways. 

A nother goal of the new design is to establish an inte- 
/% grated, broad-based participatory planning process 
X ^Las part of the larger communication loop. Since 
operating top-down at any level of the system goes against 
Brethren values, the new design will encourage the min- 
istry and mission of the General Board to spring directly 
from the identity and faithfulness of congregations and 
districts. The participatory planning process will give con- 
gregations and districts a direct opportunity to shape the 
General Board's program, along with mission partners, 
the General Board, and Annual Conference. The priest- 
hood of all believers suggests the prophetic voice can 
come from any point in the denomination. Building a 
process of program planning that is responsive to the 
i/ision of churches and districts will be a mark of the ser- 
vant leadership of the General Board, and will re-establish 
a sense of involvement and participation of the member- 
ship in the denomination's ministry. 

Reflecting on Redesign, some have asked how some- 
thing new can come out of the drastic cuts required to 
operate from a balanced budget that is not dependent on 
special fund-raising campaigns. One answer is by the 
DOwer of the Holy Spirit. Another is the metaphor of 
oruning, which teaches that less can ultimately lead to 
more — more growth, more energy for the sustaining 
[roots, more pleasant and proportionate appearance. 

Others have suggested the "new" General Board 
structure may not even last five years. It may not. The 
Brethren are in some ways in the wilderness, and may be 
for a while. The new design should be a tabernacle, not a 
:emple; a beginning, not an end. This structure is for a 
oarticular time in the life of the General Board and the 
Church of the Brethren, not for the next 50 years. 

Still others have said the new structure will not solve 
ftll of the denomination's problems. That is indeed one of 
:he few certainties in this complex and difficult time of 
;hange. But the new structure, if given a chance, may 
jpen a window of opportunity, setting up an environment 

where continuing change can take place; where over time, 
the community called Brethren can rebuild trust in lead- 
ers, the system, and each other; where continuous 
communication and participatory planning will help 
members rediscover what it means to discern the mind of 
Christ together; where members can affirm and reclaim 
their unique identity, vision, and mission as one part of 
the body of Christ. The commitment of every member is 
needed to create such an environment in which spiritual 
renewal and transformation can happen. 

Many fear that in spite of all this. Redesign is just a 
bunch of corporate, organizational stuff, in some ways, it 
is, and to a certain degree there is nothing wrong with 
that. For although the Church of the Brethren is definitely 
the body of the living Christ on earth, it is at the same 
time a very human institution. Is it so misguided to adapt 
some ideas from those who are specialists in the field of 
organizational life? 

Moreover, many who have participated in the 
Redesign process have not felt they were just doing a 
bunch of corporate, organizational stuff. Many share the 
hope in the midst of confusion expressed so well in the 
words of former General Board chairman Ernie Barr. 
These thoughts were part of his reflections after the 
Sunday evening Board meeting in March 1995 when this 
whole journey of Redesign began: 

"My purpose in this somewhat detailed and, I hope, 
not too lengthy narrative, is to describe what I am con- 
vinced was an encounter with the Holy Spirit that Sunday 
night as the Board met alone. Was there the rush of a 
mighty wind? I didn't hear any. Were there tongues of 
fire on the heads of Board members? I didn't see any. 
Was there speaking in tongues? No, quite the contrary; 
persons were extraordinarily articulate in English. Why 
then do I say it was an experience of the Holy Spirit? 
Have you ever had the feeling that you were working 
'over your head' — that something had overtaken you, 
that somehow things were really quite beyond your con- 
trol, and that when it was all said and done, the result was 
better than you had any right to expect?" 

Through Redesign, the General Board is taking a step 
of hope that the Holy Spirit, from this confusion and pain 
that is in some ways beyond complete comprehension or 
control, will bring about more than the General rT«~ 

Board and the church could even hope for. l — 

Tracy Wenger Sadd, minister for Christian Nurture at Litit: (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren, is a member of the General Board and its 
Redesign Steering Committee. 

March 1997 Messenger 21 

Pressing toward the goal 

BY Karen Peterson Miller 

"For surely I know the plans 1 have for 
you, says the Lord, plans for your wel- 
fare and not for harm, to give you a 
future with hope. Then when you call 
upon me and come and pray to me. I 
will hear you. When you search for me, 
you will find me; if you seek me with 
all your heart, I will let you find me, 
says the Lord, and I will restore your 
fortunes and gather you from all the 
nations and all the places where I have 
driven you, says the Lord . . ." (Jer 
29:11-14 NRSV). 

While I was preparing tor 
family members from Penn- 
sylvania, Minnesota, and 
Maryland to gather for Thanksgiving 
at my home in Hagerstown, Md., a 
phone call came from Kathy Hess, 
chairwoman of the General Board. 
My first thought was that she was 
calling to check on the pulse of dis- 
tricts and the Council of District 
Executives concerning the redesign 
process of the General Board. She 
said, instead, "Karen, I am calling to 
ask you to consider the position of 
interim general secretary for a period 
of up to one year." Very few times in 
my life have left me speechless, but 
this was one of them. Surprise and 
terror filled my being. I replied that I 
would need some time to pray and to 
discern God's guidance as well as to 
talk with my husband and family. 

As I reflected on the call, I real- 
ized that most of my opportunities 
for providing leadership had come 
as surprises. When 1 least antici- 
pated or expected life to take a turn, 
something emerged that called to 
me, and I had to say simply yes. So, 
once again I have said yes to a call 
with responsibilities that are multi- 
faceted — requiring the faith of an 
Abraham, the laughter of a Sarah, 
the trust of an Isaac, the protection 
of a Miriam, the courage of a Debo- 
rah, the hesed of a Ruth, and the 
reckless spontaneity of a Peter. And 

22 Messenger March 1997 

there are other Bible heroes and 
heroines whom I carry with me each 
day as a reminder of God's presence 
in my life. 

As interim general secretary, I 
have the privilege as well as the 
responsibility of seeing the new 
design emerge and evolve. Mindful 

Karen Peterson Miller 

of the General Board's vision state- 
ment published in the August 1995 
Messenger, I have some thoughts 
about what we are going through to 
make that vision reality. 

Whether we are young or old, male 
or female, child or adult, the loss of 
the old scares us. We feel sad, angry, 
hurt, betrayed, and threatened. It is 
good to acknowledge the stress that 
results from the loss of the old and to 
remember that fear and apprehension 
are part of our experience. 

Even though the General Board has 
been moving toward discerning the way 
in which the vision might become a re- 
ality, the truth is that nobody knows the 
shape of the "new." That is why all of 
us experience free-floating anxiety and 
fear. None of us is good at living in the 
"in-between times," and that is where 
we all find ourselves as the spirit of 
God awakens us to newness of life. 

Yes, it is difficult to live with uncer- 
tainty about that which is emerging and 
evolving into newness. Some things 
are exciting, however, and fill me with 
hope in the midst of the anxiety and 

fear that daily creep into my being: 

• A committed and faithful Exec 
utive Committee of the General 
Board as it leads with intentionality, 
clarity, and care; 

• A General Board that takes seri- 
ously the spiritual turning being 
called for by the constituents; 

• A General Board staff and sup- 
port staff that serve faithfully and 
tirelessly to meet deadlines while 
trying to deal with the uncertainty of 
future employment and to discern 
God's leading in their lives; 

• Congregations, pastors, districts, 
and district staff that are experienc- 
ing the transforming power of God; 

• A desire and a genuine effort to 
strengthen the relationship among 
Annual Conference, the General 
Board, and other partners; 

• A growing awareness of the needl 
for one another as we cope with a 
world that is changing more rapidly 
than any of us could have imagined. 

I am committed to providing lead- 
ership for the General Board and 
staff during the in-between-times as 
the new design continues to emerge 
and evolve. It is my prayer that the 
vision of the General Board v/ill be 
embraced and accepted as we move 
forward in our call to be faithful dis- 
ciples in continuing the work of 
Jesus. Peacefully. Simply. Together. 

Let us remember and claim the 
words of the apostle Paul: 

"Not that I have already obtained this 
or have already reached the goal: but I 
press on to make it my own. because 
Christ lesus has made me his own. 
Beloved. I do not consider that I have 
made it my own: but this one thing I do: 
forgetting what lies behind and straining 
forward to what lies ahead. I press on to-' 
ward the goal for the prize of the heav- 
enly call of God in Christ fesiis. Let those 
of us then who are mature be of the same 
mind: and if you think differently aboiii 
anvthing. this too God will reveal jjl 
toyoM"fPhil. 3:12-15, NRSV). ^ 

Karen Peterson Miller is interim general sec- 
retary of the Church of the Brethren. 

Many times in 

Dur interactions 

witii otiiers, 

we interpret 

tiieir beliavior 

as some icind 

I of statement 

ibout ourselves. 


by Robin Wentworth Mayer 

I It was the weirdest sensa- 
tion. I had pulled up to the 
intersection and stopped. 
While waiting for the light to 
turn green, I glanced out the 
passenger-side window. That 
was when 1 saw it and felt the 
adrenalin surge. My car was 
slowly moving backward. I 
ground my right foot onto 
the already floored brakes 
only to realize that the move- 
ment didn't stop. Making a 
mental note to have the 
brakes fixed, 1 checked the 
dashboard assuming that I 
accidently shifted the car 
into reverse — but no. The 
little needle was firmly fixed 
on "D." 

"Why?" I wondered, "Am 
I moving?" I looked out my 
right window again and had 
my answer. 

I wasn't moving. The car 
next to me was slowly mov- 
ing forward to make a right 
turn. All that panic wasted 
over an optical illusion. 

That incident left me feel- 
ing silly. But it also left me 
thinking. Many times in our 
interactions with others, we 
interpret their behavior as 
some kind of statement 
about ourselves. 

I knew a young woman 
who, coincidentally, began 
dating a man with whom I 
was acquainted. Though 
never married, Deidre had 
been through several disas- 
trous relationships with men. 
She had spent some signifi- 
cant time and energy working 
through that pain, and when 
Larry called and invited her 
to dinner, she felt "ready." 

Larry was someone I did 
not know well personally, but 
his brother was a close friend 
of mine. So, I knew a lot of 
his family history, none of 
which I divulged to Deidre. 

After three dates (which 
seemed nearly perfect to 
Deidre) and a few engaging 
telephone conversations, 
Larry simply stopped call- 
ing. No reasons, no excuses, 
no good-byes, no closure. 
And considering the casual 
status of their friendship, I 
am not sure anything more 
was required. 

Deidre didn't see it that 
way, however. She fell apart. 
"What is wrong with me? Lll 
never have anyone. The first 
decent guy I meet, and he 
doesn't like me. What did I 
do to turn him off? I just 
don't have what it takes to 
attract a quality man." 

What Deidre didn't 
understand though, was that 
Larry's withdrawal from the 
relationship had absolutely 
nothing to do with her. It 
had to do with him. 

I had a vantage point that 
gave me a glimpse of 
Larry's struggles, Larry's 
dissappointments, Larry's 
insecurities, Larry's fears, 
and Larry's hang-ups. The 
waning of his interest in 
Deidre was not in any way 
an indictment oi her It was 
a reflection of him and what 
he was going through at 
that point in his life. 

Just like my incident in the 
car, when I saw something 
changing, I assumed / was 
the one responsible. Deidre 
realized something had 
changed and assumed she 

was somehow responsible. 

This not only happens in 
dating relationships; it hap- 
pens in families, work 
settings, and congrega- 
tions. An adolescent may 
become withdrawn, and a 
parent immediately packs 
for a guilt trip. A co-worker 
may be irritable and short- 
tempered, and we wonder 
what we did to offend her. 
A person at church may 
neglect to inform or include 
us, and we get our back up 
assuming that "So-and-so 
has something against me." 

Sometimes another's 
behavior toward us is a reac- 
tion to something we have 
said or done. But sometimes 
it's not; it's entirely a functon 
of his personal issues. 

It is important to remem- 
ber that our value is not 
determined by another's 
treatment of us. If someone 
in our life does something 
that is unpleasant or even 
hurtful, we need to do 
exactly what I did in my car 
at the intersection: Check all 
possible ways in which we 
might be responsible. And 
then, if everything is "in 
gear," let go of the panic, 
worry, anxiety, and guilt, and 
give the other the free- rijr\ 
dom to move as needed, r^l 

Robin Wentworth Mayer is 
pastor of Kokomo (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a cohimn offer- 
ing suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — titat we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said in 
her first installment. "Remember, 
when it comes to managing life's diffi- 
cuhies, we don 't need to walk on 
water We just need to learn where the 
stepping stones are. " 

March 1997 Messenger 23 

open wide your hearts 

The Brethren are noted for their stress 
on servanthood. For some, it comes so 
naturally that they might ask in inno- 
cence, like the righteous at the great 
judgment, "Lord, when was it that we 
saw you . . . ?" (Matt. 25:37). As we 
prepare to open wide our hearts for 
this month 's One Great Hour of 
Sharing offering, we might consider a 
few stories of Brethren operating in 
the servant mode: 

Helping the voiceless be heard. 

Ostracized by her family when she 
was a youth, Mary drifted into a life 
of drugs and prostitution. But, sev- 
eral months ago, when she learned 
that a baby was on the way, she 
decided to stop living on the streets. 
I visited Mary the day her son was 
born. It was heartwarming to watch 
her interact with him. But she told 
me she was afraid Health and Reha- 
bilitative Services (HRS) would take 
him away from her because of her 

HRS did just that, judging Mary an 
unfit mother, despite her turn- 
around. Then there followed the 
routine custody hearing. 

But Mary had friends. Cafe Joshua 
serves homeless people committed to 
attaining a better quality of life. We 
went with Mary to court, where Mary, 
the judge, and 
HRS talked 
things out. Cafe 
Joshua empow- 
ered Mary to 
stand up for her 
rights and to 
have a say in a 
decision affecting 
her life. Mary 
Lisa Ebaiigh ^^^ ^aby Destin 

are now reunited, and are living in a 
comprehensive drug treatment center. 

It is thrilling to help a voiceless 
person be heard. — Lisa Ebauch 

Lisa Ebaugh is a Brethren Volunteer Service 
worker serving with Cafe Joshua, West Palm 
Beach. Fla. 

24 Messenger March 1997 

Thanks for remembering us. 

The Brethren reached out to the 
hungry people of |apan when World 
War II ended. The church worked 
through the Licensed Agencies for 
Relief in Asia (LARA). Relief sup- 
plies valued at $400 million in 
today's money was sent to |apan. 
Among the material aid the Brethren 
sent were 25 purebred Holstein 
bulls, shipped by the Brethren Ser- 
vice Committee. 

Last November, a 50th-anniversary 
celebration of LARA was held in 
Tokyo. I represented the Church of 
the Brethren. I was amazed by the 
deep gratitude expressed by the 
Japanese for helping them 50 years 

ago. How could they have forgotten 
their suffering brought by the war 
won by the Americans and their 
allies? Yet, men and women who 
were youngsters at the time thanked 
me with tears in their eyes for our 
Brethren help. Everyone wanted to 
tell his personal memories. 

As I basked in the glow of this 
heartfelt gratitude, I wondered what 
the Church of the Brethren is doing 
today that might be celebrated so 
heartily 50 years from now. Will we 
faithfully continue the work of 
jesus? — D. Miller Davis 

D. Miller Davis is executive director of 
Center Operations at the Brethren Service 
Center in New Windsor, Md. 

Miller Davis (right) accepted an award from LARA for the Church of the Brethn 

Bringing light at Christmas. Last 
spring, I was translator for a human- 
itarian agency from England 
distributing food, clothing, and 
cleaning supplies to the needy in 
Croatia. In one bombed house we 
found a charming elderly couple 
living in a makeshift room in the 
basement. They were as fat and jolly 
as Santa and Mrs. Claus. Tomo and 
lelena had left a refugee camp to 
return to the task of rehabilitating 

their ruined home. Their dark little 
room was furnished mainly with a 
bed and some broken chairs. Yet they 
exuded warmth and hospitality, in\it 
ing us in and treating us to coffee 
laced with rakija (homemade 
schnapps made from plums). Their 
exuberance overwhelmed us. 

When we visited Tomo and [elena 
again in October, we were met again 
by the same warm hospitality. They 
were making progress with restoring 

iheir home. Some repairs had been 
nade. The barn was rebuilt. They 
lad some chici<ens. They had har- 
ested a fruit crop. But, before we 
eft, Tomo confided that there was 
)ne thing he wished he had — a Httie 
electric genera- 
tor. With it, they 
could have light, 
as well as power 
for the small 
electrical tools 
he hoped to 

The relief 
workers from 
England went 
Holly Peele home, raised 

money, and returned a week before 
[Christmas with a generator. We 
irrived giggling like kids as we 
blayed our Santa Claus role. Tomo 
ind lelena were surprised. They 
ladn't expected to see us before 
pring. "Oh, do come in out of the 
;old!" they cried. 

But things were different this time, 
fomo had been ill. The winter was 
larder than they had braced for. The 
'iirty, crowded refugee camp seemed 
jetter than this. 

The generator we helped them set 
■ip boosted their spirits. The room 
became more cheerful with the elec- 
ric light. 

We dropped in next day expecting 
in upbeat visit, but, instead, we 
oined with our friends in bitter dis- 
ippointment that the generator 
vasn't working. We monkeyed 
utilely with it all day, but agreed 
hat it would have to be taken to 
Zagreb for repairs. 

As I write this, the generator is 
iupposed to be repaired by tomor- 
ow, and in a couple of weeks I am to 
eturn it to Tomo and |elena. But this 
ime I am not excited; 1 am scared. 
The responsibility one holds after 
aising another's hopes has never 
)een more real to me. — Holly Peele 

Holly Peele is a Brethren Volunteer Service 
vorker serving in Zagreb. Croatia. 

Juana Pab\o dispensed warm hospitality to Brethren workers in her simple kitchen. 

Who was the servant? luana Pablo 
was my hostess for several days during 
a Church of the Brethren workcamp in 
Guatemala. Juana's family is one of 
many whose lives were disrupted by 
civil war in that country. Life is still 
very difficult for her people. While I 
had gone to Guatemala in the 
intended role of a servant, it was not 
at all clear to me that I was playing 
that role after my arrival. 

What passed for Juana's kitchen was 
a small entryway outside her house. 
Her equipment was one clay pot for 
cooking vegetables, two scorched 
metal pots for boiling water and 
making soup, and a tortilla griddle 
made from a piece of tin. We ate from 
a ragtag collection of white porcelain 
bowls, tin cans, and plastic cups. A 
gourd with a hole in the top held the 
tortillas. The five-inch hole allowed 
luana to push her fresh six-inch tor- 
tillas in comfortably, and allowed the 
rest of us room enough to get a hand 
in to pluck the tortillas back out. 

Juana rose daily at 4:30 a.m. to 
begin her day's work. The corn for 
the tortillas must be shelled and then 
soaked properly before it is ground 
by hand on a stone. Grinding takes 

an hour each morning. Then the fire 
must be started and the griddle pre- 

Juana's system was to get a lead on 
us of a half-dozen or so tortillas 
before calling us to eat. From then 
on, our hands reached into the gourd 
to pull out tortillas, and Juana's 
hands reached in to deposit fresh 
ones. For the first 10 minutes of the 
meal, it was nip and tuck between 
the cook and the eaters. 

While 1 could not help enjoying 
Juana's tortillas, my heart hurt as 1 
compared her world to mine. All this 
hard work, the homes broken by vio- 
lence, the hopes they had seen 
shattered so many times. All the 
material wealth for me back home, 
all the ease and comfort, all the lux- 
uries taken for granted that I had 
only temporarily, voluntarily set 
aside. I had come to serve among 
Juana's people, yet she, in her simple 
household tasks, was ministering to 
me as if 1 had come as a guest rrr 
of honor. — Kirby Leland r^' 

Kirby Leland is a member of Ivester Church 
of the Brethren. Grundy Center. Iowa. He par- 
ticipated in a Church of the Brethren 
workcamp in Guatemala this past November. 

March 1997 Messenger 25 

/ believe that how we die may say a lot 
about how we have have lived, who 
we are, and about our faithfulness to 
God, life, and our Christian values. 

How we die says a lot 

I don't agree with Guy Wampler 
("Facing the Gray Areas of Dying," 
January, page 16) that the kind of 
death in which people walk around 
physically alive but spiritually dead 
"is far more tragic than assisted sui- 

Quite to the contrary, those who 
have not yet found spiritual hope for 
their lives still can find it ... as long 
as they are physically alive. 

Many Christians might agree with 
Wampler that "the key question then 
is not when do we die . . . , but how 




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do we live?" But I believe that how 
we die may say a lot about how we 
have have lived, who we are, and 
about our faithfulness to God, life, 
and our Christian values. 

]ohn B. Huggett 
Orlando, Fla. 

Denying the Spirit's role 

The January articles on death and 
dying and Dr. Kevorkian are timely 
and necessary. This issue is at the 
heart of the struggle for the soul of 
our despairing society. 

One point, however: There is a 
danger in writer Wampler's propos- 
ing "gray areas" where we must use 
our own judgment. This usually 
means that whatever we want to 
believe in this area is okay; God 
doesn't give us definite answers here. 

But lesus and Paul let us know that 
God dispensed with the Law, the rule 
book, and reveals the presence of the 
Spirit, whom we must allow to influ- 
ence and determine our "judgments" 
in all facets of life. 

Even those issues that Anabaptists 
consider as "obvious" directives are 
"interpreted" and are adjudged dif- 
ferently by many. Our society as a 
whole is not actively in tune with the 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them in 
the same spirit with which differing opinions are expressed 
in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectfd of the 
opinions of others. Preference is given to letters that respond 
directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We will not consider any letter that comes to us 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, the 
writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Spirit; from this comes the present 

The sin in Kevorkian's approach is 
that it denies the Spirit's role by 
means of an enlightened humanism. 
Wayne Shirk). 
Farmington, PcL 

E.T., phone earth 


The December 1995 editorial, "The 
Lord God Made Them All," raised a 
cosmic mega-question when it asked; 
if "the poor joes out there on those 
other planets are eligible for salva- 
tion." I have believed for some time 
that communication will be made 
with "them" in the next century. 

I also have concluded, sadly, that 
the Christian community has barely 
acknowledged the enormous import 
of this extraordinary phenomenon. 
As scientists shake themselves loose 
from the restrictions of pure reason 
to confess a sense of religious awe, 
the church must stand with them on 
common ground where both faith 
and science are accepted as 
resources in the search for God's 
ultimate reality. 

'We are in the position of the 
Israelites, who were confronted with 
an expanded revelation of God's love 
for humanity, first through prophets 
such as Jonah, and finally through 
Jesus. The Jews who refused to 
budge from an exclusive relationship 
with God remained stuck in time, 
while those who, like Peter and Paul, 
accepted the new inclusiveness of 
Christ's love for all human beings 
were given entrance into a new 
cosmic dimension of God's pur- 

Edward Hubet 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

No place in church for gays 

How long will the Church of the 
Brethren fail to make a statement 
about homosexuality? 

Some people are born with attrac- 
tions to the same gender; others are 

26 Messenger March 1997 

c.^ Pontius' Puddle 

porn with a very strong sex drive; 
nd still others could care less about 
ex. Normal might be somewhere in 
he middle. 

But then again, what is normal? 
['he Bible tells us that sin is sin, and 
nust be repented. It also tells us that 
ve must keep our bodies under sub- 
ection — under control, resisting 
irges or desires. We are to subdue 
hose desires so that we do not sin 
igainst God and our fellow man. 

Outside of marriage, copulation by 
1 male and a female is wrong and a 
in. It may result in the conception 
)f life that is a blessing from God, 
)ut it is still wrong. Homosexual 
elations violate the primary purpose 
)f sexual relations and, in effect, tell 
jod, "Man can do better than you 
lid." This is idol worship, homosex- 
lals worshiping their bodies and 
iesires, rather than restraining 
hemselves and worshiping God. 
fhis is why it is called an abomina- 
ion to God. 

Homosexuals believe that the 
;hurch should repent for having 
jeliefs counter to theirs. But the 
;hurch has not sinned, and need not 
epent. When a homosexual sees the 
;rror and repents, then there is room 
or growth. Until there is repentance, 
lowever, we can only pray for homo- 
lexuals to see the error of this 
ibominable lifestyle. There can be no 
ellowship with practicing homosex- 
lals because God has flat let them go 
heir own way. 

Practicing homosexuals can never 
)e a part of the church of fesus 
Christ because they don't believe 
jod's Word or its promises of bless- 
ng for obedience and its damnation 
"or rebellion. 

Church of the Brethren: Take a 

David L. Powell 
Longton. Kan. 

(Actually, the Church of the 
brethren does have a statement about 
lomosexuality, in its 1983 Statement 
''Human Sexuality From a Christian 


Send payment for reprinting "Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to 
Joel Kaujfmartn, 111 Carter Road, Goshen, IN 46526. $25 for one 

time use. SW for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregalii 


Because You Need 

Protection You Can 

Count On 

W hen a fire broke out at Elkhart City 
Church of the Brethren in Elkhart, Indiana, 
many members wondered how long it would 
be before they could worship there again. 
But they were about to experience a 
wonderful surprise. 

''Mutual Aid was right there when we 
needed them," says Ted Noffsinger, who 
supervised the reconstruction. "The approach 
I saw was, 'We have a policyholder with a 
problem. Let's do what we can, as fast as we 
can, to get him back in business.'" 

If that's the protection you 'd like to experience, then 
you should know Mutual Aid Association also offers 
homeowner's insurance at very competitive rates. To 
find out more, return the bind-in card in this issue of 
Messenger, or call us now. 



Mutual Aid Association 

Church of the Brethren 

3094 Jeep Rd • Abilene, KS 67410 

Protection you can depend on from 
Brethren vou trust. Since 1885. 

March 1997 Messenger 27 

...^festyle, most people are 
very concerned with their 
lifestyle. This concern 
becomes more important 
as one grows older. 



c^ridgewater Retirement Community, a 46-acre retirement 
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Perspective, " which lists seven "ways 
he church can extend Christ-like 
ovifort and grace to homosexual and 
nsexual persons" /Annual Confer- 
nce Minutes, 1980-1984, page 

i)enial doesn't kill God 

n the current film "The Crucible," 
ohn Proctor cries out in frustration, 
God is dead!" The film is about the 
lalem witch trials, in which innocent 
ind faithful Christians were hanged 
)ecause their neighbors were more 
villing to uncritically affirm cultural 
ind religious authorities than to stand 
ip for what is right. The denial of jus- 
ice, in Proctor's view, killed God. 

I felt shock, shame, and anger 
ipon reading the lanuary Messen- 

ER news item "Ohio Congregation 
ians Attendee From Premises." I am 
anconvinced that the main reason for 
3ebi Easterday's banning was not 
hat she is a lesbian (asserted by a 
;hurch leader). 

The Brethren peace stance encom- 
passes much more than 
;onscientious objection to war. 
3eing about peace includes extend- 
ng the biblical principle of 
lospitality to all those who join us in 
vorship. It is not for us to judge 
mother to be outside the love and 
;ompassion of God, no matter what 
mr constitutional rights may be. 

I remind the Medina congregation 
hat Jesus was transformed in his 
ministry by one, the Canaanite 
Afoman, whom he tried to shame and 
ihoo away. I ask Medina to consider 
hat the Jesus it praises as Lord and 
Savior was known to enter more than 
3ne house of worship and cause 
haos. And he was crucified by those 
vho didn't like his agenda. I urge the 
Medina members to reflect that, 
vhile the US Constitution may, 
ndeed, give them the right to ban 
Oebi Easterday from the premises. 

Elizabethtown ffi 



The College, rated as one of the best northern liberal arts institutions by U.S. News and 
World Report , offers its 1 ,525 students 38 major programs in traditional liberal arts and 
professional fields. The Elizabethtown motto, "Educate for Service," expresses the 
College's mission of linking the world of work with the world of the spirit to advance the 
values of peace, justice and human dignity. Located in Pennsylvania's historic Lancaster 
County, Elizabethtown enjoys outstanding quality of life and easy access to the major 
metropolitan areas of Philadelphia, Washington and Baltimore. 

The Young Center focuses its work on three areas: ( 1 ) fostering scholarly research and 
publication on Anabaptist and Pietist themes; (2) interpreting to a broad public the cultural 
heritage of Anabaptist and Pietist groups through conferences, lectures, workshops, 
seminars, musical events, and other media; and (3) providing undergraduate courses at 
Elizabethtown College in the field of the Center's interests. 

Each applicant for the Young Center directorship should have a strong record of 
scholarship (with Ph.D. degree preferred) in at least one branch of the study of groups 
derived from historic Anabaptism and Pietism, and preferably have wide acquaintance with 
scholars throughout the various branches. Also, the applicant must show evidence of 
potential as an effective teacher of undergraduates in the College, the amount and field(s) of 
teaching to be negotiated in light of the applicant's preparation and qualifications. The 
Young Center attracts scholars for fellowships in residence, organizes or hosts a variety of 
public programs, and has its own physical facility; so the applicant should show 
entrepreneurial and administrative skills as well as scholarship. Personal compatibility with 
key values of the Anabaptist and Pietist traditions will be an asset. 

The position is year-round (twelve-month appointment), with excellent benefits and a 
salary commensurate with the applicant's preparation. To apply, please submit a letter of 
application; a resume; and names, addresses, and telephone numbers of three references to 
Martha A. Farver-Apgar, Director of Personnel, Elizabethtown College, One Alpha Drive, 
Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 

Evaluation of the applications will begin on February 15, 1997. AA/EO 

^artlci potion 

Dr. Wesley DeCoursey, chemistry professor 




316 241 0731 

Dr. Shingo Kajinami, chemistry 
professor (1986 - present) 

March 1997 Messenger 29 

call (800) 323-80391^ ext. 247 
Ask for Vicki. 

in Prayer 

Daily prayer guide: 

Sunday: Your congregation's ministries 

Monday: Annual Conference officers 

Tuesday: General Board and staff 

Wednesday: District executives, 

Bethany Seminary, colleges 

and university 
Thursday: General Services 

Friday: Parish Ministries 
Saturday: World Ministries 

March prayer concerns: 

Congregation: World Day of Prayer, 
March 7; One Great Hour of Shar- 
ing, March 16; Palm Sunday 
Services, March 23; love feast and 
communion, Maundy Thursday; 
Easter celebrations, March 30. 

Annual Conference: Duane Steiner, 
executive director of Annual Confer- 
ence; Program and Arrangements 

General Board: General Board 
meeting, March 8-1 1; Transition 
Team & new design of General 
Board; Executive Committee of Gen- 
eral Board meeting, March 6-7; 
Newly called directors; Judy Keyser, 
treasurer of General Board. 

Districts and Colleges: Those trav- 
eling to and from spring break. 

General Services: Dale Minnich, 
GSC executive. 

Parish Ministries: Glenn Timmons, 
PMC executive; Liz Bidgood and Greg 
Enders, coordinators of 1997 summer 

World Ministries: Joan Deeter, WMC 
executive; David Radcliff, director of 
Denominational Peace Witness. 

30 Messenger March 1997 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Needed regularly: part-time pastors 

More than half of the Church of the 
Brethren congregations call part-time 
pastors to serve them. Have you con- 
sidered relocating to serve? Or, in 
retirement, have you considered serv- 
ing one of these congregations? 

Is yours a calling congregation? 
Are you identifying and calling forth per- 
sons with gifts for ministry? How long 
has it been since you have called some- 
one into the ministry of the church? 

For more information, contact your district 

executive, or co-director of Ministry, fames 

Kinsey at (616) 364-8066. 

they should ask what the gospel 
requires of them. Finally, I recom- 
mend that the Medina Brethren go 
see "The Crucible." They may see 
themselves mirrored and have a 
change of heart. 

To Debi Easterday, I affirm that 
the Medina congregation has not 
killed God by its actions toward her 
God's love and the compassion of 
Jesus are bigger than that. Like Johi 
Proctor, may she find a circle of fail 
and love that encourages her to 
maintain her own integrity and sens 
of who she is — a beloved daughter 1 

Phyllis A,Bi. 
Berkeley, CaL 

Classified Ads 


Shalom Church of the Brethren, a new & grow- 
ing fellowship in Durham, N.C., invites Bretiiren 
moving to Research Triangle area (Raleigh, Durham, 
Chapel Hill) to worship w/ us. Eager to provide 
moving assistance (unloading, childcare, area info.) 
for those relocating to area. For info., contact: Fel- 
lowship, P.O. Box 15607, Durham, NC 27704. Tel. (919) 
490-6422. E-mail, ShalomCOB@AOL.COM. 


Business/Accounting. Tenure-track faculty posi- 
tion. Preferred teaching areas somewhat flexible 
depending on qualifications of candidate & load 
shifts w/in dept. Successful candidate will have teach- 
ing strength in reasonable selection of the following: 
cost accounting, interm. accounting, auditing, 
MIS/AIS, managerial finance, investments, micro- 
economics, production management, marketing. 
Skill in developmental advising & building mentor- 
ing relationships w/ students required. Teaching 
experience or personal educational background in 
liberal arts setting preferred. Also, some practical 
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accounting & CPA preparation, located in forward- 
looking town w/ strong & diversified economic base. 
Ph.D. encouraged; CPA preferred; iVI.Acc. or MBA 
required. Send curriculum vitae, transcripts, & 3 ref 
erence letters to: Dr Steven Gustafson, vice president 
for academic services, McPherson College, PO. Box 
1402, McPherson, KS 67460. Application materials 
submitted by March 8, 1997, will receive full con- 
sideration. Applications accepted until position filled. 

Biology. Tenure-track faculty position for fall 1997. 
Ph.D required. Broadly trained biologist needed to 
teach courses in vertebrate anatomy & physiology, 
cellular/molecular biology, genetics, & general biol- 

ogy Must be committed to excellence in undergra 
uate teaching, able to work cooperatively, & eager ji 
advise/co-advise students fulfillingJr/Sr undergra 
uate research requirements. McPherson College ii 
small, liberal arts institution related to the Church ■ 
the Brethren. Send curriculum vitae, transcripts,. 
3 reference letters to: Dr Steven Gustafson, vice pre 
ident for academic services, McPherson Colleg 
McPherson, KS 67460. Application materials subm; 
ted by March 8, 1997, will receive full consideratiOi 
Applications accepted until position filled. 


Travel to Annual Conference in Long Bcai ii I 
air-conditioned coach, June 23-July 15. Visit Beihai 
Seminary, Salt Lake City, Bryce, Zion, Yosemitc 
other national parks. For info, write to: J. Kenneij^ 
Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Road, Elizabethtown, PA 1702 

China adventure featuring Yangtze River cruis^ 
Aug. 4-19, 1997. ($3,189) Visit Narita in Japan. Shan; 
hai, Wuhan, Shashi, Badong, Wanxian, Chongquin; 
Xian in China. Travel on cruise ship on Yangtze Rivt 
stopping at various cities & ports. In Beijing, walk th 
largest "wonder of the world"— the Great Wall c 
China. Also, visit Tian'Anmen Square, & much mon 
Wendell & Joan Bohrer invite you to share this grei 
experience w/ them. For info. & brochure, write: 852 
Royal Meadow Dn, Indianapolis, IN 46217. Tel. or Fa: 
(317) 882-5067. 

European Heritage Tour, July 12-26, 1997. Vis 
scenic sites of Anabaptist, Pietist, & Brethren signi; 
icance in Switzerland, France, Germany & Netheriandi 
Sponsored by Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc. and th 
Brethren Historical Committee. J2,490 from Nei 
York QFK), For complete brochure contact: Don Dun 
baugh, PO.B. 484, James Creek, PA 16657. Tel./Faj 
(814) 658-3222. 

Eiiiiij Points 


■ ote: Congregations are asked 
) submit only the names of 
:tuai new members of the 
enomination. Do not include 
ames of people who have 
lerely transferred their mem- 
.ership from another Church of 
le Brethren congregation. 

gape, N. Ind.: Stacy Cause 

rcadia. S/C Ind.: lason Lee 

uffalo Valley, S. Pa.: Heidi 
Hunsberger, Danielle Keis- 
ter, Brian & Mellissa Wert 

abool. Mo. /Ark.: Eldon & 
Kathlyn Coffman 

hiques, Atl. N.E.: Elyse & 
Kiniberly Brandt, Nathan 
Gainer, Brian & leremy 
Geib. Karen Gummel, Emily 
Heistand, Annie Hickernell, 
Kenton & Lori Peters, Amy 
& Christopher Shelly 

^onnels Creek, S. Ohio: 
Rebekah Church, feff 
Hainm. Katie Hasting. 
Cindy Schilller 

lizabelhlown, Atl. N.E.: 
Duane & Lori Finley, David 
& Karen Good. Kecia Gro- 
hotolski, Daniel & 
Kymberly Helwig, Tricia 
i.phrata, Atl. N.E.: Lloyd 
Albright; Erla & Lew 
Bowman; Lori Brotzman; 
Calvin & Susan Buckwalter; 
Amy & Brian Church: Mike 
& Mona Fowler; Mike Lang; 
Sandy Marchall; Amber, 
Andrea & Megan Miley; 
Steven & Lee Ann Ober- 
holtzer; Tom Phillips; 
Matthew Rissler; Linda Sick- 
meier; Angle & Chris Sonon; 
Rob Sowers; Mary Weist 

reeburg, N. Ohio: Kassi, 
Kristi Karlen, lames Rakes, 
Adam & Beth Robertson, 
[eremiah Zellers 

ieiger, W. Pa.: Amanda 
Angermeier. Mellisa Brant, 
Linda Ellis, Lacey McCoy. 
Sonya Pyle, Shanna Woods, 
Ryan Yinkey 

irottoes, Shen.: Elaine Ford, 
Minnie Morris, Robin 

lartville, N. Ohio: Corey Clay; 
lames Domer; Michael 
Graber; Matthew Lonsway; 
Linda Machamer; Kevin 
Minner; Greg & lessica 
Nelson; Gretchen, locelyn, 
Michele & Todd Snyder; 
Aaron Stowers; Anna Unkefer 

lechanics Grove, Atl. N.E.: 
Angela & Danielle Kreider, 
Diana Hershey 

liddle Creek, Atl. N.E.: 
Kendra Bollinger, Kathy 
Graver. Keith Horst, Holly 
Long, Alyssa & Christofer 
Neidermyer, Cayla Rohrcr, 
Anthony Stoner, Daniel 

lonte Visia, Virlina: lulia Wray 

lew Carlisle, S. Ohio: Lucy 
Coe. Don Frantz, Tina 
Semler, Chuck & Vickie 

Siefke, Rcnee Wilson 
New Paris, N. Ind.: Christopher 

Clayton, Bryce Whitehead 
Newlon, W. Plains: lanet Gies- 

brecht, Pam Fields, Charles 

& Barbara Riley, Carol & 

Marty Ward 
Rummel, W. Pa.: David Chi- 

carell, Becky Dagostino, 

Shane Hostetler 
South Bay, Pac. S.W.: Marrisa 

& Monica Prado, Erica 

Stevens Hill, Atl. N.E.: Gail & 

lames Grob, Diana & Richard 

Horetsky, |an & Richard 

Repa, lane & |im White 


Albright, David and Anne. 

McPherson, Kan., 50 
Anderson, Rich and Doreen. 

Champion. Pa., 50 
Belcher, Harold and Geneva, 

Fincastle, Va.. 50 
Berkebile, Albert and Ruth, 

Johnstown, Pa., 50 
Bird, Charles and Norma, 

Continental, Ohio, 50 
Butterbaugh, Dean and Dar- 

lene, Dixon, 111., 50 
Dancy, Fred and Frances, 

Sparta, N.C., 76 
Erb, Samuel and Beulah, 

Ephrata, Pa., 74 
Erbaugh, Sam and Eileen, 

Glendale. Ariz., 50 
Etter, Franklin and Laverne, 

Cloverdale. Ohio, 50 
Fahnestock, Harold and Ver- 

nice, Harrisburg, Pa., 50 
Gardner, Frank and Grace. 

Goshen. Ind., 50 
Geary, Clyde and Charlotte, 

Champion, Pa., 50 
Geesaman, Mahlon and Mary, 

Hummelstown, Pa., 50 
Hoover, Raymond and Laura, 

Goshen, Ind., 50 
Igney, Thurl and Betty. New 

Paris, Ind., 50 
Jamison, Malcolm and Becky, 

Roanoke, Va., 50 
McCann, Ken and Wilma 

Jean, Greensburg. Pa.. 50 
Moore, lohn and Donna, 

Greensburg, Pa., 50 
Myers, Don and Martha, 

Greensburg, Pa., 50 
Oellig, Robert and Eleanor, 

Hummelstown, Pa., 50 
Rock, Leonard and Loua, 

Troutville, Va., 50 
Rummel, lames and Dorothy, 

Paris, Ohio, 50 
Sanner, Robert and Mildred, 

Greensburg. Pa., 55 
Shafer, Lester and Phyllis, 

Cloverdale, Ohio. 50 
Shickel, Marcel and Helen, 

Harrisonburg, Va., 50 
Smith, lohn and Mary, Har- 
risonburg, Va., 50 
Stormont, Robert and Helen, 

Rockford, 111., 55 
Tracy, Ralph and Erma, Conti- 
nental, Ohio, 55 
Wampler, Ray and leanne. 

Grottoes. Va., 50 
Webster, David and Hettie, 

Callaway, Va., 50 
Wise, George and Phyllis. 

Dallas Center, Iowa. 50 


Atwood, Bertha A. 87. Luray. 
Va.. Oct. 9, 1996 

Baker, Hilda L. S., 85, Wood- 
stock, Va., Nov. 8, 1996 

Balslcy, Carolyn M., 61, Glen 
Allen, Va., Nov. 14, 1996 

Banzhof, Esther F.. 86, Lan- 
caster, Pa., Sept. 24, 1996 

Blough, losephine, 93. Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., Sept. 22, 1996 

Boyers, Harry G.. 81. Port 
Republic, Va., Nov. II, 1996 

Brammer, Earnest, 80, Fulks 
Run, Va., Sept. 30, 1996 

Brubaker, Edyth B.. 87. Lan- 
caster, Pa., Oct. 4. 1996 

Brubaker, Nina T, 97, La 
Verne. CaHL, Nov. 12, 1996 

Cain, Ida R, 87, Moorefield, 
W.Va.. Dec. 19, 1996 

Clatlerbuck, Lois C, 72, Edin- 
burg. Va., Dec. 21. 1996 

Clincdinst [r.. Theodore E., 
70. New Market, Va., Dec. 
17, 1996 

Combs, Mildred B., 84, Baker, 
W.Va.. Nov. 20, 1996 

Cook, Rebecca C, 83. Edin- 
burg, Va., Dec. 2, 1996 

Dennett, Louise D.. 89, Lees- 
burg, Va., Oct. 31, 1996 

Dubble, CoraS., 82, Myer- 
stown. Pa., Oct. 21, 1996 

Edris, Marie E., 86, Palmyra, 
Pa., Dec. 27, 1996 

Eisenhower, Mildred. 83, Lan- 
caster. Pa., Sept. 24, 1996 

Fike, Lester, 99, West Goshen, 
Ind., Dec. 19, 1996 

Forney, Anna E., 95, Neffsville, 
Pa., Oct. 27, 1996 

Gainer, Maris H.. 89. Lan- 
caster, Pa., Dec. 27, 1996 

Gibble, Ella E., 84. Manheim, 
Pa., Nov. 11, 1996 

Gottlieb, Robert I., 71, 

Ephrata, Pa.. Dec. 19, 1996 

Grubb, Luke R., 89, Palmyra, 
Pa., Sept. 19, 1996 

Hedrick, Gladys L., 80. Frank- 
lin, W.Va., Dec. 13, 1996 

Heisey, Kreider M.,87, Myer- 
stown, Pa.. Nov. 17, 1996 

Hendrickson, Lucy, 94, Mod- 
esto. Calif., Nov. 29. 1996 

Hertzog, Raymond F.. 83, 
Denver, Pa., Oct. 30, 1996 

Hodge, Dora f., 77, Warm 
Springs. Va., Dec. 16, 1996 

Howdyshell, Cleta B.. 94. 
Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 16, 

Humphreys, Joseph L., 54, 
Waynesboro, Va.. Oct. 24, 

Ikenberry, Effie E., 96, Lan- 
caster, Pa., Nov. 2, 1996 

Kenney, Eldridge W, 91, 

Staunton, Va.. Dec. 29, 1996 

Kimble, VaudaM.H., 79. 

Scherr, W.Va., Nov. II, 1996 

Kiracofe, Eleanor E., 71, 
Waynesboro, Va., Dec. 15, 

Knicely, George R., 82. 

Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 27. 

Knupp, Roger W., 52. Fulks 
Run, Va., Oct. 3, 1996 

Koehler, Christian B., 93, 
Lititz, Pa., Sept. 19. 1996 

Krall, Ethel M., 77, Lebanon, 

Pa., Oct. 23, 1996 

Lee, Annie G., 66, Spring 
Lake. N.C.. Nov. 15, 1996 

Leffler, Georgiana E., 71, 
Richland, Pa., Dec. 3, 1996 

Lindamood, Charles D., 77, 
Timberville, Va., Nov. 9. 

Licten, Elizabeth W., 93, 

Moorefield, W.Va., Oct. 26, 

Long, Stella R H., 90, 

Ephrata, Pa.. Sept. 29, 1996 

Mason, Erika L., 60, Dayton, 
Va., Nov. 1, 1996 

Mauck, Catherine V, 74. Edin- 
burg, Va., Nov. 24. 1996 

May, Charles K., 84, Bridge- 
water, Va.. Nov. 5, 1996 

Motley, Vergie R.. 58, Rocky 
Mount, Va., Nov. 18, 1996 

Myer, Clara B., 87. Lancaster, 
Pa.. Dec. 16. 1996 

Myer, Paul Kurtz. 91. Ephrata, 
Pa., Nov. 4, 1996 

Neff, Wilmer E., 86, Mount 
Crawford. Va., Sept. 26, 

Nissly, Ralph H., 81, Akron, 
Pa., Nov. 10, 1996 

Oberholtzer, Clair, 64, Lan- 
caster. Pa., Sept. 29, 1996 

Orebaugh, Charlotte R.. 89, 
Broadway, Va., Nov. 20, 

Painter, Lisa A., 44, Luray, 
Va.. Oct. 8, 1996 

Peer, Vincent E., 80, Maur- 
ertown, Va., Dec. 17, 1996 

Phillips, William M., 78, Lan- 
caster, Pa., Dec. 7, 1996 

Polk, Glenn E., 75, Wood- 
stock, Va., Oct. 8, 1996 

Reid, Rosie K. S., 78, Alexan- 
dria, Va., Dec. 12, 1996 

Ritchie, [ohn W. 84, Fulks 
Run, Va., Sept. 19. 1996 

Robertson, Carrie C, 91, Warm 
Springs, Va.. Nov. 7, 1996 

Ross, Delmar E.. 81, Lan- 
caster, Pa., Nov. 3. 1996 

Sager, Preston L., 67, Broad- 
way, Va., Dec. 23, 1996 

Sampson, Walter L. 74, Stras- 
burg, Va., Dec. 26, 1996 

Sanger, Lillian R., 95, Bridge- 
water. Va., Nov. 29, 1996 

Scott, Charlena N., 87. Brandy- 
wine, W.Va., Nov. 6, 1996 

Shelly, lohn S., 80, Lititz, Pa., 
Oct. 30, 1996 

Shifflett, Arthur R. 92, Grot- 
toes, Va., Nov. 24, 1996 

Shirkey, Ruth R., 85. Dayton. 
Va.. Dec. 8. 1996 

Shoemaker, Timmy R. 
("Shoe"). 36, Edinburg. 
Va., Oct. 17, 1996 

Shue, lames I.. 50, Lititz. Pa., 
Oct. 4, 1996 

Simmons, E. Glenn. 67. Har- 
risonburg, Va., Oct. 29, 1996 

Small, Ruth v., 97, Crimora, 
Va., Dec. 9. 1996 

Smith, Dallas S.. 76. Roaring 
Gap, N.C., Dec. I, 1996 

Smith, Robert. 73. Bassett, 
Va., March 29, 1996 

Smith, Vernice, Grundy 

Center, Iowa, May 21, 1996 

Snader, Barbara, 45, Waynes- 
boro, Pa.. Oct. 2, 1996 

Snavely, Martha G.. 81. 

Annville, Pa., Dec. 24, 1996 

Snyder, Emerson. 86. Colum- 
biana. Ohio. Sept. 6. 1996 

Sonafrank, Delia. 89. Nokes- 
ville, Va.. Oct. 5. 1996 

Sorizi Sr., Cornell ("Wayne"). 
75, Martinsburg. W.Va., 
Oct. 15. 1996 

Spangler, Hazel. Berlin. Pa., 
April 3. 1996 

Sparkes, Mary, 74. Colum- 
biana. Ohio, April 22, 1996 

Speicher, Genita B.. 85. 

Wabash, Ind., May 10, 1996 

Stauffer, Grace. 92, Ephrata, 
Pa., Sept 1, 1996 

Stephen, Carl, 82, Bel Air, 
Md.. luly 23, 1996 

Stevens, Clayton L. 100, 
Bridgewater, Va., Sept. 20, 

Stirling, Stan, 50, Wichita, 
Kan., Nov. 20, 1995 

Stone, Lorene, 86, Sabetha, 
Kan., luly 10, 1996 

Stroop, leanette E., 68, Tim- 
berville, Va., Dec. 23, 1996 

Studebaker, Stanley, 90, Green- 
ville, Ohio, Aug. 18, 1996 

Stumpf, Jacob A.. 81. Rheems. 
Pa., Nov. 21. 1996 

Summers, Alfred F., 76, Har- 
risonburg, Va.. Oct. 27. 1996 

Suter, Hazel C, 78. Dayton, 
Va., Oct. II, 1996 

Sword, Charlie, Grundy Center, 
Iowa. March 26. 1996 

Taylor, Lucille, 91, Virden. 111.. 
Sept. 6. 1996 

Truax, Floyd, 85, Needmore, 
Pa., lune 15, 1996 

Turner, Agnes L. 88. Bridge- 
water. Va., Nov. 17, 1996 

Turner, Hazel, 78, Greens- 
burg, Pa., Oct. 14. 1996 

Varnes, Eugene. 62, Canton, 
III., Aug. 8, 1996 

Vought, Anna, 90, Fort Wayne, 
Ind.. Oct. 4, 1996 

Walker, Mary W., 90, Ephrata. 
Pa.. Dec, 16, 1996 

Watt, Doris, 75, Lima, Ohio, 
Sept. 2, 1996 

Weaver, Everett, 72, Enid, 
Okla., Aug. 25, 1996 

Weaver, Grace, 90, Lancaster, 
Pa.. May 3. 1996 

Weaver, Linda |.. 55, Ephrata. 
Pa.. Dec. 4, 1996 

Wenger, Edwin A., 89, 
Palmyra, Dec. 23, 1996 

Weyandt, Archie, 54. New 
Stanton. Pa., lune 12, 1996 

Williams, Alice M.. 86, 

Lebanon, Pa., Dec. 18. 1996 

Wilt, Diana, 42, Windber, Pa., 
Aug. 13, 1996 

Winand, Carl, 82, New 

Oxford, Pa., Sept. 22, 1996 

Wise, Levi, 87, Lancaster, Pa., 
luly 30, 1996 

Wisler, Claude. 75, Col- 

legeville. Pa., lune 14, 1996 

Wisman, [ames O.. 67. Bridge- 
water, Va., Dec. 8, 1996 

Yoder, Alice. 84. Elkhart, Ind., 
Aug. 4 1996 

York, Dora S., 76, Clearwater, 
Fla., Dec. 14, 1996 

Young, Robert, 83, Lititz, Pa., 
luly 27. 1996 

Zimmerman, Marian, 75, 
Dixon. III., Sept. 21, 1996 

Zirkle, Sarah R G.. Tim- 
berville. Va.. Dec. 21, 1996 

March 1997 Messenger 31 

And why not on Sunday? 

of warfare as inevitable, 

with Geneva conventions 

(chivalry they called it, 

bac\ in days of old when 

kjiights were bold). 

It had been a quiet Sunday morning at Waka Teach- 
ers' College in Nigeria. The students were away on a 
vacation break, and the campus was vacant except for 
the missionaries serving as faculty and staff. Through the 
screen door of my Brethren Volunteer Service lodgings, I 
watched two missionary children coming down the 
campus road. Ken and Sherri were six-year-old neigh- 
bors, on their way home from Sunday school. 

1 do not know what theological tenet had been the 
focus of their class that day, but it is unlikely that it was the 
subject of the noisy quarrel that was going on between Ken 
and Sherri. Something more immediate j j l ' J 

had put them at odds with each other. ^^^ OW uLinu aCCCptanCC 

As they drew near the path leading 
to Sherri's house, the acrimony inten- 
sified. The pair seemed about to lock ^^ placatC OUr COnScicnCC 
horns and go at it. Suddenly, Sherri 
struck Ken a sharp blow and dashed 
down the gravel path toward home. Ken 
set up a wail of outrage. Thirsting for 
revenge, he stooped to pick up a rock. 

When Sherri looked back, she real- 
ized that her legs might not save her; she 
had figured on Ken chasing after her 
futilely, but her enemy had turned to weapon technology 
that could overcome the distance between them. As Ken 
raised his arm, Sherri appealed for adherence to the rules 
of civilized warfare. (Never mind that she had already vio- 
lated one, herself: Don't hit and run.) She shouted back 
over her shoulder, "Not on Sunday, Ken! Not on Sunday!" 

But Ken believed the sabbath was made for man. Fie 
on any Geneva conventions. Sherri pumped her legs 
faster. The rock caught her between the shoulder blades. 

Sherri's problem is a microcosm of the one facing 
the International Red Cross, shocked by the killing of six 
of its workers in Chechnya this past December. The Red 
Cross is supposed to be allowed to do its humanitarian 
work immune to the death and destruction going on 
about it. But how do you explain the Geneva conventions 
(designed to mitigate the ravages of war, and which regu- 
lar armies had a self-interest in obeying) to warlords, 
paramilitaries, and criminal gangs? Are rules of war even 
relevant in today's conflicts? 

To tell the truth, I have always thought "rules of war" 
ludicrous to begin with — something of an oxymoron. I 
don't get it. Being utterly opposed to war, and consider- 
ing killing to be just about the ultimate sin, it puzzles me 
that those who go to war believe they should pull their 
punches — follow sportsman-like rules. I suppose it is 
their way of denying the true horror of the direction they 
have taken. I will never know . . . unless I become a sol- 

dier. Battlefield stories of the soldier charitably holding 
canteen to the thirsty lips of a dying enemy boggle my 
mind. Running a bayonet through him would make mort 
sense to me ... if war were right. 

War has plenty of adherents — even enthusiasts, 
plenty of people who believe that — for good or ill — war 
has always been with us, and is a natural proclivity of the 
species. Such is our war-studded history, that it is easy 
even for a pacifist to resign himself to war's inevitability. 

But, despite the seemingly impossible odds against 
humankind ever reaching a point where it studied war no 
more, I cling to the nagging suspicior 
that war as a means of settling differ- 
ences is not necessarily natural or 
inevitable. That suspicion was height- 
ened when I stumbled onto a 
magazine article, "Are Apes Naughty 
by Nature?" after 1 had already 
chosen this editorial's subject. An 
Emory University professor of pri- 
mate behavior, Frans de Waal, 
debunks what he calls "the old killer- 
ape myth" and its dark implications 
about human nature. Too long, he 
argues, we have seen morality as a thin veneer that 
human civilization spreads over blood-thirsty nature. 
Great apes are no angels, de Waal admits; they do occa- 
sionally kill one another. But he argues that makes it all 
the more remarkable that most of the time they get along 
reaching out to troop members in kindness. 

Says de Waal, if we want to understand what in 
nature makes us aggressive we have to understand our 
equally deep instincts to get along. 


1, that's the key phrase on which my hope clings: 
"our equally deep instincts to get along." To effec 
tively wage war, we humans have to teach our 
soldiers to kill; deep instincts incline them away from 
killing. Only the long centuries of accepting war and 
killing keep us from following our honorable instincts. In 
the struggle, in our blind acceptance, we placate our 
conscience with Geneva conventions {chivalry they called 
it, back in days of old when knights were bold) . 

As long as we have the irony of "rules of war," as 
long as we train killers, as long as we defy "our equally 
deep instincts to get along," we will have the contradic- 
tion of the "neutral" Red Cross hiring local toughs to 
protect its workers and convoys . . . and wondering what 
civilized warfare has come to. 

And I'll keep pondering the question "And why not 
on Sunday, Sherri?" — K.T. 

32 Messenger March 1997 


This is your invitation to visit 

Sebring Church of the Brethren 

700 South Pine St., Sebring, FL 33870. Tel. (941) 385-1597 

Cecil D. Hess, Pastor i 

Ralph Z. Ebersole, Minister of Visitation 

Located in beautiful south-central Florida, the church provides modern, handicapped-accessible facilities. The 
congregation has a special ministry to winter residents, offering an annual Bible Conference, weekly Bible studies, bus 
trips, golf outings, and much more. We invite your inquiries, and will offer assistance in finding accommodations. 

The Sebring Men's Chorus originated as a male quartet, branching out to become a chorus under the leadership 
of brother Perry Huffaker. The current director, John Bechtelheimer, has led the group for eight years. It provides 
music for worship at Sebring, and also is in demand for local groups and functions. The year-round group is aug- 
mented by a large number of men who participate during the winter season. 

Sebring AAen's Chorus Row 1: Walter Gingrich, Harold Geib, Kenneth Grubb, Marvin Miller, Robert Cox, Cecil Hess 
(pastor), William Hoover, Raymond Hoover, Jake Zigler, John Fike. Row 2: Dean Hollenberg, Wilbur Gump, David 
Bollinger, Paul Weaver, Quinter Liskey, Wayne Carr, Harry Fake, Ralph Hollenberg, Emerson Davidson. Row 3: Charles 
Rogers, Vernon Hoffman, Lowell Berger, John Gall, Retha Bechtelheimer (accompanist), John Bechtelheimer (director), 
Ralph Ebersole (associate pastor), Galen Detwiler, Floyd Lilyquist. Not in photo: Don Carpenter, Robert Delk. 


1 hi' \*nv 


< f 


( Oiinc i 

In northern Kenya, hand-held radios pur- 
chased by the Church of the Brethren assure 
that each cargo plane airlifting relief ship- 
"meiitS-tntoTsouthern Sudan is fully loade^^* 
The equipment enables Jimmy Anam, logis- 
tics staff for the New Sudan Council of 
Churches at Lokichokio, to gain access to free 
air shipment for such items as the Church of 
the Brethren SOS kits of salt, soap, and towels. 
On-the-spot radio communication is but one 
illustration of your One Great Hour of Sharing 
gift at work. Your gift may also mean school kits, 
blankets, tents, medicines, food, wells, refor- 
estation, volunteers. Whatever, wherev- 
er, the message is one and the ** 
same: hope from Christian sis- 
ters and brothers who care. 

Give help. 

Give hope. Give life. 

Give now through 

One Great 
Hour of Sharing. 


Church of the Brethren April 1 997 



m 'p^^ m>^^ 


ouf \n 



Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Dale Minnich 


I ur cover story: 

'Writes David 
Radcliff, "This little 
North Korean girl's ambiva- 
lence about facing my camera 
was okay with me. It seemed 
emblematic of her country as a 
whole — not quite sure what to 
make of outsiders, yet not in a 
position to keep the door so llrmly closed any longer." As for the cover 
photo, Mrs. Ri Chang Suk of the Kumchon Cooperative feels the pinch of 
the grain shortage — insufficient feed for her hens. Still she generously 
included eggs in a snack she prepared for our photographer. 


12 North Korea: For Brethren, a land 
of opportunity 

David Radcliff, back from visiting a land 
where few westerners are allowed to travel, 
sees an opportunity there for Brethren to 
reach out. Surprisingly, there are 
similarities between North Koreans" values 
and Christian values. 

22 Going to Galilee 

Ryan Ahlgrim says that going to Galilee is a 
journey of faith that will last the rest of your 

24 The Thomas in us all 

Thomas, the disciple who doubted |esus' 
resurrection from the dead, speaks for us 
all, says Pete Haynes. Deep within each of 
us, the doubter dwells. 

==1 26 


Beyond a relief mentality 

Dismissing the myths about hunger and 
poverty, Jeff Boshart challenges each of us 
to get busy doing something about the 
reality of the problems. 

Toward a shared vision for a 
shared ministry 

In the second of a series on the General 
Board's new design, Glenn F. Timmons 
describes how, in the new structure, the 
focus is on congregations. 



From the Editor 


In Touch 


Close to Home 




In Brief 


Special Report 


Stepping Stones 




Pontius' Puddle 


Partners in Prayer 


Turning Points 



tk Eiilor 

How to reach us 


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If you move, clip address label 
and send with new address to 
Messenger Subscriptions, at 
the above address. Allow at least 
five weeks for address change. 

Coming next month 

A preview of what's coming 
up at Annual Conference in 
Long Beach, and a look at the 
business agenda to be tackled 

District Messenger representatives: Atl. N.E., Ron 
Lutz; Atl. S.E,, Rub\' Rajmer; Ill./Wis., Kreston Lipscomb; 
S/C Ind,, Marjoric .Miller; Mich., Ken Good; Mid-All.. 
Ann Fouts; Mo./Ark., Luci Landes; N. Plains, Frances 
Merkey; N. Ohio, Alice L. Driver; S. Ohio, Jack Kline; 
Ore.AVash., Marguerite Shamberger; Pac. S.W., Randy 
Miller: M. Pa.. Eva Wampler: S. Pa., Elmer Q. Gleim; 
W Pa., Jay Chrismer; Shen., Tim Harvey; S.E., Donna 
Shumate; S. Plains, Mary Ann Dell; Viriina, Jerry Naff; 
W Plains, Dean Hummer; W Marva, Wmomn Spuigeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter Aug. 
20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct. 17,1917. 
Filing date. Nov 1, 1984. Member of the Associated 
Church Press. Subscriber to Religion News Ser\'ice 
& Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical quotations, 
unless otherwise indicated, are from the New Revised 
Standard Version. Messenger is owned and published 
1 1 limes a year by the General Services Commission, 
Church of the Brethren General Board. Second-class 
postage paid at Elgin, II!., and at additional mailing 
office. Feb. 199"'. Copyright 1997, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
l45l Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Printed on recycled paper 

One Annual Conference almost overlaps another lor us on the 
denominational staff. By February each year, we have handled 
details for such things as exhibits, meal events, and insight sessions. 
While folks out in the congregations are still thinking of Annual Con- 
ference as an event several calendar pages away, we feel like we are 
almost in Long Beach already. 

Two members of our Messenger staff have, indeed, been in Long 
Beach already. Promotion consultant Linda Myers Swanson and 
managing editor Nevin Dulabaum 
forsook the joys of winter in north- 
ern Illinois to travel to Long Beach 
in early February, reconnoitering 
the convention center, hotels, 
restaurants, and other amenities of 
the city; drumming up advertising 
business; and holding meetings with 
representatives of nearby Brethren | 
congregations to interpret our work | 
and promote the magazine. % 

We are always interested in find- z 
ing out the location and condition 
of the pressroom that is assigned to us in each host city's 
convention center. We have no choice in the matter. 
The location sometimes is right off the floor of the audi- 
torium and near the presstable we occupy during business 
sessions. Sometimes the pressroom is down corridors 
and up escalators and around Robin Hood's barn from 
the press table. We have enjoyed the luxury of a spacious pressroom 
at Charlotte (1995), replete with a kitchenette, restroom, and floor- 
to-ceiling glass wall overlooking the auditorium. And we have 
weathered the disappointment of makeshift quarters in athletes' 
locker rooms, replete with the fragrance of sweat-drenched uniforms 
and wet towels (Richmond many years back comes to mind). The 
pressroom reconnaissance report from Long Beach has me cautiously 

These days of faltering giving to the General Board and the result- 
ing straitened budget have us looking for sources of income that can 
postpone the day of raising Messenger subscriptions. So one happy 
outcome of the California trip was successful advertising solicita- 
tion by Linda and Nevin. See the results on pages 17-20. 

And be thinking Long Beach Conference. It will be here before 
you know it. 

Linda Myers Swanson and 
Nevin Dulabaum took to the 
top of a Long Beach hotel to 
get this bird's-eye view of 
the convention center. 

April 1997 Messenger 1 


Faith into music 

Michael Hochstetler is a 
member of Blue River 
Church of the Brethren in 
Columbia City, Ind., but 
these days he spends most 
of his time on the west 

Michael Hochstetler 
works in Tinseltown, 

but his inidwesteni 

Church of the 

Brethren roots are still 

much ill evidence. 

2 Messenger April 1997 

coast, in the music world. 

And in his music, his 
upbringing in the church is 
much in evidence. His CD 
Three Little Letters has 
been out over a year now. 
The hymns on the CD 
range from traditional to 
contemporary. Michael did 
the arrangements and 

orchestration. A pianist, he 
adds his masterful touch to 
each number. 

After going to California, 
Michael earned a degree in 
computer programming 
and piano performance 
studies at California State 
Northridge. He began 
teaching piano there and is 
still a teacher. He figures 
that 80 percent of his stu- 
dents come from "the 

He has performed in 
many places on the west 
coast and had many experi- 
ences in a variety of musical 
settings. With composing 
and arranging his first 
loves, Michael hopes even- 
tually to score films and 
television shows. 

Meanwhile, another CD 
is in the works to demon- 
strate this transplanted 
Hoosier's virtuosity. 

Names in the news 

Warren Eshbach of New 
Oxford, Pa., after leaving 
his position as executive of 
Southern Pennsylvania Dis- 
trict April 30, will become 
director of Pastoral Care at 
The Brethren Home in New 
Oxford. He also will serve 
as dean of Graduate Stud- 
ies for Bethany Seminary's 
Susquehanna Valley Satel- 

• Phillip Stone, presi- 
dent of Bridgewater 
College, was chosen in |an- 
uary as president of the 
Virginia Bar Association. 

• Vernon Baker, a 
member of Topeco Church 
of the Brethren, near Floyd, 
Va., received a commenda- 
tion from General Electric 

as one of a handful of the 
nation's GE dealers with c 
100-percent customer sat 
isfaction record. 

• Dympse Bowlin ]r., s 
member of Peak Creek 
Church of the Brethren, 
Laurel Springs, N.C., has 
received an Outstanding 
Service Award from North 
Carolina Association of 
Court Counselors. He has 
been a court counselor wit 
the 23rd Judicial Court 
District of North Carolina 
since 1974. 

• Fumitaka Matsuoka, 
dean and vice president of 
Pacific School of Religion, 
presented the annual Reli-! 
gious Heritage Lectures at 
McPherson College Feb. 
16—1 7, speaking on 
"Toward Peoplehood: The 
Pain and Promise of Racia 

• Donna Rhodes, minis 
ter of Nurture at Stone 
Church of the Brethren in 
Huntingdon, Pa., has 
authored her second book,. 
More Little Stories for Littl 
Children (Herald Press). 
(See luly 1995, page 2.) 

Crosses that inspire 

What began as a single pro 
ject for their small rural 
church has become a part- 
time ministry for |oe and 
Betty Lou Skwierczynski 
and Harold and Shirley 
O'Dell — both couples 
members of New Salem 
Church of the Brethren 
near Milford, Ind. They 
now spend much of their 
leisure time making and 
distributing inspirational 
pocket crosses. 
When New Salem 

e and Betty Lou Skwierczynski (seated) and Shirley and 
arold O'Dell make inspirational crosses for giveaways. 

ember Wayne Newcomb 
ed last August, among his 
;longings was a little 
)uch with a cross stitched 
1 the front and a message 
eked inside. Wayne's 
mily gave the pouch to 
Iwin Meek, a member of 
ew Salem's ministry com- 
ission. Edwin was 
lordinating a program 
at encourages members 

read through the Bible, 
e asked Betty Lou 
cwierczynski to make 
ime of the crosses as 
rards. That's when the 
'o couples began their 
OSS ministry. 
Pretty soon they were 
mding out crosses wher- 
er they went. The first 
2ek they gave away 200. 
ley visited nursing homes 
id gave a cross to every- 
le they met. Soon they 
sve traveling to area towns 
id cities. 

New Salem pastor Bob 
ice asked for 500 crosses 
1 a week's notice. He 
anted to give 100 crosses 

five other Brethren con- 
■egations along with a 
lallenge to distribute 
em. Now the crosses are 
aking their way across 

country. A hundred crosses 
were made for a man in Illi- 
nois who has a prison 
ministry. A New Salem 
member carries crosses 
with him on business trips 
to California. 

Although the four cross 
makers are retirees, and 
two are disabled, they take 
no payment for the crosses 
or any contributions for 
materials. "Sometimes we 
get a hug or a 'God bless 
you,'" says Shirley. "Just 
doing God's work is 
enough," adds Betty Lou. 

Joe explains, "I have a 
feeling that if we accepted 
money, the Lord would 
shut us down." 

Over 2,000 crosses have 
been made so far, each with 
an inspiring message 
tucked inside. The crosses 
carry an implicit message as 
well. Says Betty Lou, "We 
want others to know how 
much God loves them, that 
he died for them." — Deb 

Deb Peterson, a member of New 
Salem Churcli of the Brethren near 
Milford. Ind.. is a feature writer for 
The Goshen News. Goshen. Ind.. 
from whose Jan. 4, 1997. edition 
this story is adapted. 

Learnings in Chicago 

One of the lessons Erin 
Flory learned during a Jan- 
uary interterm study at the 
Urban Life Center (LJLC) 
in Chicago is the intertwin- 
ing of the city's commun- 
ities and the arts. 

The McPherson (Kan.) 
College sophomore braved 
50-below-zero wind-chill 
factors to tour Hispanic, 
Asian, and African-Ameri- 
can sections of the city, as 
well as city museums. She 
also frequented coffee- 
houses where artists 
congregate, attended jazz 
concerts, and learned the 
history of jazz and blues. 
She watched a play about 
gang violence, and even had 
gang graffiti explained to 

Erin Flory 

her. ULC stresses gaining 
work experience in an 
urban environment, and 
continual learning outside 
the classroom. 

Erin, a piano student 
since preschool days, plays 
the oboe, not only in the 
newly formed McPherson 
City Symphony, but also in 
the Hutchinson Community 
Symphony. She often pro- 
vides accompaniment for 
church and community 
musical events. Her home 

church is McPherson 
Church of the Brethren. 

Erin earned four college 
credits in social studies at 
ULC. Three days a week 
she assisted a director at 
Sherwood Conservatory of 
Music in building a South- 
side Chicago Youth 
Symphony. She also helped 
with sectionals and held 
one-on-one technique ses- 
sions with the younger 

"My ULC experience 
confirmed my decision to 
major in music perfor- 
mance," says Erin. But 
Chicago is not her kind of 
town. "I enjoyed Chicago," 
she says, "but I don't want 
to live in a city that big. In 
fact the month there made 
me really appreciate grow- 
ing up and living in 
McPherson, and made me 
realize the opportunities 
that a small town pro- 
vides." — Irene S. 

Irene S. Reynolds is a freelance 
writer from Lawrence. Kan. 


Martha Neiderhiser 
Parker, 90, died February 
25, in Greenville, Ohio. She 
and her husband, Daryl 
(died 1989), served as 
medical missionaries in 
China, 1932-1940, 
1946-1949; in Puerto 
Rico, 1944-1946; and in 
Nigeria, 1968-1972. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we would 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

April 1997 Messenger 3 

Eddie Donald and 
Donna Anthony 

added medallions with 

a Brethren theme 

when they created new 

windows to 

complement older ones 

at fones Chapel. 

Nothing generic here 

When it comes to custom- 
made stained-glass church 
windows, it pays to have 
in-house artists. That was 
the case for lones Chapel 
Church of the Brethren 
near Martinsville, Va., 
when it decided to add two 
new windows to supple- 
ment its earlier stained- 
glass windows, installed in 
the sanctuary some 45 
years ago. 

A Jones Chapel member. 
Donna Anthony, is co- 
owner, with Eddie 

Donald, of Foothills Art 
Glass Company in Greer, 
S.C. The pair donated 
their work, since the win- 
dows are a memorial to 
Donna's grandmother 
Ruth Thomason. The 
family wanted to incorpo- 
rate Brethren symbols, so 
the medallions in the win- 
dows depict the Alexander 
Mack seal and the current 
Church of the Brethren 

There are still some clear 
windows in the church, so 
there is no telling where 
this may end. 

Creating a Web site 

Elkhart (Ind.) City 
Church of the Brethren 
member Gary Arnold got 
the idea of creating a 
World Wide Web site for 
his congregation after 
hearing of other congrega- 
tions with sites. When 
CompuServe began offer- 
ing free Web site space to 

anyone holding an account 
with the company, Gary 
began investigating. He 
surfed the Web to see what 
other churches had done. 
He downloaded software 
and information about writ- 
ing the programs, bought a 
book on the programming 
language, and set to work. 
After scanning in some 
photos and graphics, Gary 

designed the pages for th( 
Elkhart City site. At first 
there were only four page 
The homepage tells about 
the church. Then there an 
a Calendar of Events page 
a Visitor page (an on-line 
version of the congrega- 
tion's newsletter. The 
Visitor), and the Sermon 
page (pastor David 
Bibbee's weekly sermon). 
The site is updated weekl} 
usually on Monday mornin 

The Web site went on- 
line last July, and has beerj 
enlarged and improved 
since then. Additions 
include a church history 
page and a page providing 
information about mem- 

Elkhart City is the first 
Church of the Brethren 
congregation in Northern \ 
Indiana District to have a 
Web site. For more infor- 
mation from Gary, reach 
him via the Internet at 
71350. 510@compu- To visit Elkhart 
City's Web site, point your 
Web browser to http://our 

This and that 

On April 20, Arlington 

(Va.) Church of the 
Brethren is hosting the thirc 
annual hymn-sing using llu i 
Harmonia Sacra shape- noti i 
hymnbook. Phone (703) i 
549-4239 for more infer- J 

• This past Christmas, th 
young people of County 
Line Church of the Brethre: 
near Champion, Pa., in a 
project called Operation 
Christmas Child, filled and 

4 Messenger April 1997 

ilie Barnhart responds to a letter from a Nicaraguan girl 
ho had received a Christmas gift from County Line church. 

ift-wrapped 52 shoe boxes 
f gifts for needy children 
Central America. 
• Following its tradition, 
a Verne (Calif.) Church 
f the Brethren took up a 
hristmas Eve offering to 
■each beyond the congre- 
ation and touch the needs 
fthe world." At the 1996 
hristmas Eve service, 
2ople brought books (or 
loney to buy books) to 
agin a new library for a 
ack church in South Car- 
ina burned by arsonists, 
iver 55 books and $1,000 
ere collected. 

elp's on the way 

sounds almost too good 
) be true, but there actu- 
ly is a place where 
lurches can turn for 

Enten Pfaltzgraff Eller, 
3-pastor of Lafayette 
nd.) Church of the 
rethren, operates Eller 
omputer Services on the 
de. Becoming aware of 
jsinesses and people 
;eking constructive and 
Dst-effective ways to dis- 
3se of outdated 
jmputers, he persuaded 

the Lafayette congregation 
to begin a Computer 
Recycling Program. The 
program started up last 

Donors of computer 
equipment receive a tax 
deduction. Eller Computer 
Services assembles the 
donated equipment into 
working systems, adding 
new parts if needed. The 
refurbished computers are 
donated to such recipients 
as schools in Africa, not- 
for-profit agencies, small 
churches, and low-income 
church workers. 

Anyone interested in 
donating equipment or 
seeking help may contact 
the Computer Recycling 
Program at EllerComp 
(a AOL. Com, or (the old- 
fashioned way) 1 107 S. 
18th St., Lafayette, IN 
47905: tel. (317) 474-5021. 

Campus comments 

At Bridgewater College, 

Black History Month was 
marked by a program Feb- 
ruary 1 8 featuring the 
Contemporary Gospel 
Singers, a 60-voice choir 
from nearby James Madi- 
son University. 

Let's celebrate 

Allensville Church of the 
Brethren near Martins- 
burg, W.Va., celebrated its 
75th anniversary Oct. 27, 

• Westmont Church of 
the Brethren in |ohnstown. 
Pa., celebrated its centen- 
nial Sept. 27-29, 1996, 
under the theme of "May 
All Who Come Behind Us 
Find Us Faithful." Activi- 
ties included an "old-time 
revival," story-telling, and 
a music program featuring 

Westmont's "Crayon Box 

Nancy Faus. Among the 
exhibits was a quilt called 
"The Crayon Box." 

• Beaver Creek Church 
of the Brethren in Hager- 
stown, Md., marked its 
sesquicentennial in 

1996 with special events 
and speakers. 

• Imperial Heights 
Church of the Brethren in 
Los Angeles combined its 

1997 centennial celebra- 
tion with programs |an. 19 
and Feb. 23 that honored 
the contributions of 
African-Americans to US 
society. The |an. 19 pro- 
gram paid tribute to 
Martin Luther King Jr. 
The Feb. 23 program, with 
a Black History Month 

focus, comprised drama, 
instrumental music, 
poetry, dance, and music 
by local choirs. 

• Root River Church of 
the Brethren near Preston, 

Minn., marked its 140th 
anniversary Nov. 3, 1996. 
Laminated bookmarks 
bearing a depiction of the 
church were among the 
mementos of the occasion. 

• Enders (Neb.) Church 
of the Brethren, home 
congregation of 1997 
Annual Conference mod- 
erator David Wine (see 
February cover story), will 
celebrate its 95th anniver- 
sary Aug. 30—31. 

• Harrisburg (Pa.) First 
Church of the Brethren 
celebrated its centennial 
throughout 1996. A new 
history of the congrega- 
tion, written by Bethany 
Seminary professor 
Murray Wagner, is avail- 
able for $10 (including 
postage and handling) 
from the church: 219 
Hummel St., Harrisburg, 
PA 17104. 

"Close to Home" highlights news of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
Home, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

4„„,, ,„.,^ K/fT-c 

General Board approves new 
design, polity changes 

The most extensive changes to the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board since its creation in 1947 were 
approved by the Board during its five 

Paul Wampler, General Board 

member, lights a "Candle of 

Hope, " which is cupped in the 

hands of Board member Terry 

Shumaker. This candle and 1 1 

others were lit as part of the 

opening devotion service to the 

Board's March meetings. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/"Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be ayi endorsement or advertisement. 

6 Messenger April 1997 

days of spring meetings, March 7-1 1 . 
Changes to the Board's composition, 
ministries, budget, and personnel 
(see pages 8—9) were among the ma- 
jor decisions discussed at length and 
ultimately approved. A decision re- 
garding the location of the Board's 
central functions was postponed un- 
til March 1998. 

Some of the changes approved by 
the Board require modifying An- 
nual Conference polity, which An- 
nual Conference delegates will be 
asked to do in July. Four major polity 
changes include: 

• reducing the General Board 
from 25 to 20 members (15 district 
and 5 at-large representatives). 

• removing the General Board's 
three commission structure (General 
Services, Parish Ministries and 
World Ministries) in favor of creat- 
ing and utilizing ad hoc committees 
and task teams when needed. 

• transforming the current Admin- 
istrative Council employee leadership 
structure, which consists of a general 


secretary, a treasurer, and executive utd 
of General Services, Parish Min- 
istries and World Ministries 
commissions, to a leadership team 
design (see page 8). 

• creating a Mission and Min- 
istries Planning Council and 
eliminating two other Annual Con- 
ference-created committees. The 
Mission and Ministries Planning 
Council would replace the current 
Planning and Coordinating and 
Goals and Budget committees, withi 
the General Board's Executive Com jd 
mittee absorbing Goals and Budget; ii| 
budget parameter development and 
planning responsibilities. 

The preamble of the document be- 
ing sent to Conference delegates 
containing the proposed changes in 
eludes the General Board's vision 
statement and its list of core func- 

tions, two documents that guided th 
Board as it developed its new design 
A statement following the document 
calls for an annual review of the new 
General Board structure, at least for 
several years. 

In addition to the four proposed 
polity changes, a key aspect of the 
General Board's new design that doe 
not need Annual Conference approv, 
will be the development of three to 
five area teams that will consist of 
several "generalists" who will work 
with congregations and districts in 
the areas of worship planning, spiri- 
tual formation, stewardship educa- 
tion, and evangelism. Each team also 
is expected to possess skills in urban 
and ethnic ministries, and small- 
church development. As of mid- 
March, these team positions were stil 
under development. 

The 1 997 budget approved by the 
Board calls for a balanced budget 
with expenses and income of 
$6,23 1 ,000. For 1 998, the Board ap- 
proved an income parameter of 
$5,391,000 and an expense parame- 
ter of $5, 1 35,000, down $ 1 .9 million 
from 1996. The $256,000 surplus the 
Board expects to have in 1 998 will be 


iiused to replenish its main budget re- 
serve, which currently is $1,487,000. 
Other reserves include $ 1 ,088,000 in 
a bequest quasi-endowment. 

Though the $ 1 .9 million reduction 
is less than the $2.5 million reduction 
proposed by the Board's Redesign 
Steering Committee, the Board dur- 
ing its debate considered adding 
$300,000 to the expense parameters, 
funds that are targeted for a bequest 
quasi-endowment. This proposal was 
in addition to the $300,000 Goals 
and Budget Committee added to the 
original 1998 expense parameter of 
$4,835,000 when it met just prior to 
the start of the Board's meetings. 

Lengthy debate ensued, with Board 
members closely divided between fiscal 
responsibility and increased ministries, 
at least for the short-term. However, 
the Board ultimately approved the 
$5, 1 35,000 expense parameter. 

Although a decision regarding the 
future location of the Board's cen- 
tralized functions was expected to be 
made in March, Board members ap- 
proved a proposal that calls for that 
decision to be postponed for one year. 

The reason for the postponement is 
that the Board's Redesign Steering 
Committee, which was charged with 
preparing a location recommendation, 
realized that location issues should be 
addressed separately from organiza- 
tional issues, said Chris Bowman, 
Board member and RSC chair. 

According to the RSC's location 
■recommendation, the Board's pri- 
mary task for the immediate future 
"is the implementation of its re- 
designed structure to involve the en- 
tire church in its mission, to facilitate 
the spiritual turning of the church we 
believe is required, and to develop 
new mission based on the discern- 
ment of the entire church body." 

Taking the RSC's recommenda- 
tions with only one slight modifica- 
tion, the Board approved forming a 
Site Recommendation Committee, to 
be composed of the general secretary 
(or interim), two people appointed by 

the General Board, one person ap- 
pointed by Brethren Benefit Trust's 
board and one member appointed by 
the Annual Conference officers. 
Brethren Benefit Trust and the An- 
nual Conference Office are two ma- 
jor tenants of the General Board- 
owned General Offices in Elgin, III. 

Though the Board mostly dealt with 
issues surrounding its new design, 
it also heard a proposal that was ap- 
proved by its Executive Committee to 
raise $75,000 for the Global Food 
Crisis Fund to provide fertilizer, seed, 
and planting materials for North Ko- 
rea (see page 15). North Koreans 
have suffered from food shortages for 
nearly two years due to damaging 
floods. Congregations will be asked to 
participate in the project in April. 

The Board received Annual Con- 
ference Review and Evaluation 
Committee's report on the General 
Board. This report will be printed in 
the Annual Conference Booklet, or is 
available by calling the Annual Con- 
ference Office at (800) 323-8039. 

Parish Ministries Commission heard 
Brethren Press' plan to develop a new 
alternative adult curriculum to its 
"Guide for Biblical Studies," which 
will be available in the fall of 1998. 
This new curriculum, to be published 
jointly with Faith & Life Press, will 
focus on life issues and "approaching 
the Bible as a curriculum itself." 

Brethren Press also reported its cen- 
tennial celebration plans for this year. 
Three publications are being pub- 
lished in honor of its 100th 
anniversary, and Brethren Press will 
also celebrate the special year at its 
Annual Conference breakfast. 

The Board approved the seventh 
draft of the "Deacon Ministry in the 
Church of the Brethren," to be sent 
for adoption this year by Annual 
Conference. Commissioned by 
Annual Conference in 1995, the 
paper was drafted by Association of 
Brethren Caregivers and forwarded 
to the Board through Parish Min- 
istries Commission. It is intended 

Kathy Hess and Steve Petcher, 

chairwoman and vice chairman of 
the General Board, listen to debate 
pertaining to the Board's planned 
new design at its meetings in March. 

"to revitalize the deacon ministry in 
the church," said Jay Gibble, staff 
liaison to the study committee. 

The Board also heard a report the 
joint Parish/World ministries paper, 
"Statement on Child Exploitation," 
which will return to Annual Confer- 
ence this year for approval following 
a year of study. 

The General Services Commission 
also reported to the Board that it: 

• approved a proposal that allows 
Board employees to now receive their 
retirement annuity through Brethren 
Benefit Trust beginning at age 55 
instead of 60. Retirees who are 55 and 
who have at least 10 years of service 
may also participate in the Board's 
group insurance plan. 

• heard an update on 

WWW. Brethren. Org, the web site 
that is being developed by Bethany 
Theological Seminary, Brethren Ben- 
efit Trust, Brethren Employees Credit 
Union, and the General Board. The 
site is scheduled to go online in lune. 

• elected (eff Bach, assistant pro- 
fessor and director of Peace Studies 
at Bethany Theological Seminary, to 
serve on the Brethren Historical 
Committee. — Nevin Dulabaum and 
Paula Wilding 

April 1997 Messenger 7 

General Board begins hiring 
employees for its new design 

During its March meetings, the Gen- 
eral Board and its Transition Team 
approved many personnel-related 
changes, including the formation of 
an interim Leadership Team for 
Board employees. This team, which 
replaces the five-member Administra- 
tive Council, will become permanent 
if proposed General Board polity 
changes are approved by Annual 
Conference delegates this summer. 

The Leadership Team structure ap- 
proved in mid-March consisted of 
nine directors, and other salaried 
staff members. Support staff posi- 
tions had not yet been named. 

• Executive director: executive 
director, assistant, and coordinator 
of Human Resources. The current 
equivalent position — the general sec- 
retary — is filled by Karen Peterson 
Miller, who is serving a one-year 
term as interim. 

• Congregational Life Ministries: 
director, Congregational Life Teams, 
and coordinator of Youth and Young 

Adult Ministries. Also announced 
were Congregational Life Associate 
volunteers. Glenn Timmons, execu- 
tive for Parish Ministries, was named 
director of this ministry in March. 

• Ministry: director, coordinator 
of District Ministry, coordinator of 
Ministry Leadership Development. 
An open search for the director is 

• Brethren Press: director/pub- 
lisher, editor of Publications, editor of 
Study Resources and Books, staff for 
Interpretation, Marketing manager. 
News and Information editor, and 
Business manager. Wendy McFadden 
was named director/publisher of the 
new Brethren Press in December. 

• Funding: director. Salaried staff 
positions yet to be determined. Ken 
Neher, executive of Oregon/Wash- 
ington District and a General Board 
Planned Giving officer, in March was 
named director. 

• Global Mission Partnerships: 
director, coordinator of Emergency 
Response and Service Ministry, and 
coordinator for Global Connections. 
Mervin Keeney was named director 

General Board member David M'lWer of Roanoke. Va., questions the future 
role the Board will have with the Association of Brethren Caregivers, during 
the Board's March meetings. During the meetings the Board voted to end its 
funding of ABC and On Earth Peace Assembly personnel. The Board will be 
in dialog with both organizations to define new working relationships. 

in early January. 

• Volunteer Service Ministries: 
director, coordinator of Brethren Vol 
unteer Service Orientation, 
coordinator of Brethren Service in ! 
Europe, and coordinator of Recruit- ] 
ment of Brethren Volunteer Service/ \ 
Short-term program. Dan McFadden i 
was named director in December. i 

• Finance, Central Resources: trea- 1 
surer/director; controller at General 
Offices, Elgin, III.; controller at 
Brethren Service Center, New Wind- 
sor, Md.; manager of Brethren 
Historical Library and Archives; man- 
ager of Buildings and Grounds 
(Elgin); manager of Buildings and 
Grounds (New Windsor); manager of! 
Information Systems; and coordinatori 
of New Windsor Conference Center. 
Treasurer Judy Keyser in March was 
named treasurer/director. 

• Brethren Witness: This ministry 
of peace, justice, care of creation, 
and other Brethren values was cre- 
ated by the Board in March. An open 
search for its director is underway. 

Several lists prepared by the Gen- 
eral Board and its Transition 
Team were released during and fol- 
lowing the Board's meetings. One listi 
included the job positions that will be 
eliminated effective July 18 unless 
otherwise noted (although some of 
the responsibilities included in these 
positions are being transferred to job 
positions in the new organization). 
Positions being eliminated are: 

• director, District Ministry 

• executive, General Services 

• administrative assistant. General 

• editor, Messenger 

• managing editor. Messenger/ 
director, News Services 

• director, Stewardship Education 

• executive, Parish Ministries 

• administrative assistant. Parish 

• director. Congregational Nurture 

• director, Hispanic Ministries 

• co-directors. Ministry 

• director, Ministry Training 

8 Messenger April 1997 

Members of the General Board's new Leadership Team include Dan McFadden. 
Judy Keyser, Mervin Keeney, Karen Peterson Miller, Ken Neher, Wendy 
McFadden, and Glenn Timmons. An open search is underway for two 
'.additional members of this team not yet hired (see pages 32 and 34). 

• director, New Church 

• director of Outdoor Ministries 

• director, Korea (domestic) 

• executive. World Ministries 

• administrative assistant, World 
Ministries/director, Mission 

• representative for Africa and the 
Middle East 

• representative for Latin America 
and the Caribbean 

• director, Eco-Iustice Concerns/ 
director. Rural and Small Church 

• director, Denominational Peace 

• executive director, Center 

• director, Refugee/Disaster 

• director, Washington Office 

• manager. Customer Service 

• advisor. Congregational 
Resourcing (for The Andrew Center) 

• director, The Andrew Center 
{goes into effect Dec. 31) 

• employees. Association of 
Brethren Caregivers and On Earth 
Peace Assembly (their employment is 
shifted to these agencies). 

A list of names of people hired to 
work in the new organization had 
not been released as of mid-March, 
as that process is expected to take 
several months. However, a list of 

full- and part-time employees whose 
employment will be terminated July 
18 (unless noted) was released. 
These people will receive three 
months severance. 

• Shantilal Bhagat has served as 
director of Eco-(ustice Concerns/ 
Rural Small Churches since 1987. 
He has worked for the General 
Board since 1968. 

• Karen Carlson has served as 
support staff for The Andrew Center 
since 1991. Her employment will 
conclude on Dec. 31. 

• Rose Collins has served as sup- 
port staff for the Office of 
Interpretation since 1995. 

• Martha Cupp, support staff for 
Messenger, has served in this position 
since 1995. Previously, Cupp worked 
for Messenger from 1989 to 1993. 

• lanice Eller has served as co- 
director of Ministry since 1994. 

• Guillermo Encarnacion has 
served as director of Hispanic Min- 
istry since 1994. Encarnacion will 
continue his General Board work 
with the Dominican Republic. 

• Barbara Faga has served as sup- 
port staff for The Andrew Center since 
1988. She began her employment with 
the General Board in 1986. Her 
employment will conclude on Dec. 3 1 . 

• Sheri Fecher has worked for 
Yearbook since 1996. She will con- 
clude her service on June 15. 

• |une Gibble has served as direc- 

tor of Congregational Nurture and 
Worship since 1988. She previously 
served the Board from 1977-1984. 

• Jean Hendricks, director of Min- 
istry Training, has served in this 
position since 1991. 

• Robert Kettering has served as 
director of New Church Develop- 
ment since 1994. Kettering currently 
also serves as interim director of The 
Andrew Center. Employment in that 
position will end on Dec. 3 1 . 

• lames Kinsey has served as co- 
director of Ministry since 1994. He 
will continue to serve as executive 
for Michigan District. 

• Dale Minnich has served as 
associate general secretary and Gen- 
eral Services Commission executive 
since 1988. He has served the Gen- 
eral Board since 1979. 

• Marge Moeller has served as 
support staff for Customer Service 
since 1996. She has worked for the 
General Board since 1987. 

• [an Morse has served as Cus- 
tomer Service manager since 1991. 
She has served the General Board 
since 1984. 

• Karen Norstrom has served as 
support staff for Human Resources 
since 1995. 

• Barbara Ober has served as 
administrative assistant and director 
of Mission Interpretation for World 
Ministries Commission since 1985. 

• Nina Roher has served as sup- 
port staff in accounts receivable for 
Finance since 1994. 

• Roberta Rosser, support staff for 
Congregational Nurture and Worship, 
has served in this position since 1986. 

• Linda Swanson has served as 
support staff for Messenger since 
1994. Previously, she served the 
General Board from 1977 to 1992. 

• Kermon Thomasson, editor of 
Messenger, has held this position 
since 1977. He has served the Gen- 
eral Board since 1959. 

• Paula Wilding has served as edi- 
torial assistant for News Services 
since 1993. — Nevin Dulabaum and 
Paula Wilding 

April 1997 Messenger 9 

Brethren Service Center hosts 
pastor of burnt church 

Building bridges and tearing down 
walls was the theme of the keynote 
speech given by Patrick Mellerson, 
pastor of Butler Chapel African 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Or- 
angeburg, S.C, at the Brethren Dis- 
aster Response Leadership Confer- 
ence, Feb. 15, at the New Windsor 
(Md.) Conference Center. 

The rebuilding of Butler Chapel 
Church, which was destroyed by an 
act of arson in April 1 996, will begin 
this spring by Brethren volunteers. 
In March, the Emergency Disaster 
Fund allocated $20,000 to help fund 
this project. 

"This will show my community 
that there are people across the 
United States who don't care about 
color or creed and are concerned 
with the burnings," said Mellerson. 
"When one church burns, we all feel 
the flames." 

Mellerson is the scheduled keynote 
speaker at the Messenger dinner at 
Annual Conference in Long Beach, 
Calif. He also is scheduled to appear 
in the General Board Live Report. 

Committee asl(s for support 
in pastoral insurance quest 

At its January meeting, the Pastoral 
Compensation and Benefits Advisory 
Committee addressed a letter to ask- 
ing Brethren to join it in encouraging 
Brethren Benefit Trust (BBT) to "seek 
ways to slow the spiraling cost of 
medical insurance while at the same 
time preserving the values of mutual- 
ity that have been incorporated in the 
medical plan from its inception." 

In light of the rising cost of medical 
insurance, the committee asked the 
denomination to remain with the 
Brethren Medical Plan while BBT 
looks at options to limit increases in 
premiums, according to Jan Filer, in- 
terim staff liaison to the committee. 

Council of District Executives 
(CODE) added its affirmation of the 
statement in January, Filer added. 

Conference attendees to 
build second Habitat house 

For the second consecutive year. An- 
nual Conference attendees will have 
the opportunity to blitz-build a house 
during Conference week. Work on 
the house is scheduled for June 
28-July 4, with Sunday, June 30, off. 

One hundred fifty volunteers are 
being sought to build the house in co- 
operation with Habitat for Humanity. 

The land where the house will be 
built was donated in February by the 
Long Beach Housing Development 
Company. The property is a 20-minute 
walk from the Convention Center. 

Habitat founder Millard Fuller will 
take part in dedicating the house, as 

well as serve as the Friday evening 
Conference speaker. 

General Board programs sponsor- 
ing the project include The Andrew 
Center, Brethren Volunteer Service, 
News Services, and Refugee/Disas- 
ter Services. The Emergency Disas- 
ter Fund allocated $50,000 to pay 
for materials. 

For a registration flyer, contact |an 
Thompson, 8151 E. Cactus Dr., 
Mesa, AZ 85208. Registration dead- 
line is June 1. 


Earth Day, focusing on climate change, 
April 22 [Contact Eco-|ustice Con- 
cerns for resources and other related 
materials, General Offices, (800) 323- 
8039; SBhagat.parti@Ecunet.Org]. 

"...With Eyes of Faith" will be the theme of the 1998 National Youth 
Conference, as chosen by the NYC '98 coordinators and the 1997-98 
National Youth Cabinet when they met in Elgin, III., in February. 

The NYC '98 coordinators cmd 1997-98 youth cabinet are: (front row) 
Janelle Wilkinson, Karen Miller, Jaime Eller, and John Eshleman: (back 
row) Ryan Bowers, Joy Struble, Janice Bowman, Emily Shonk, Chris 
Douglas, Eric Bishop, Brian Yoder, and Matt Rittle. 

Posters, brochures, a promotional video, and an NYC web site are 
expected to be available in June. 

10 Messenger April 1997 

Id Krief 

Young adults and young adult leaders are Invited to an ecu- 
menical young adult ministry leadership training event. The event, 
scheduled for May 22-25 in Atlanta, is co-sponsored by Youth and 
Young Adult Ministry. For more information, contact Chris Douglas 
lat (800) 323-8039 or CoB.Youth.parti@Ecunet. Org. 

A 700-hour fast by two Brethren and three other Christian 
Peacemaker Teams members was scheduled for March in 
Hebron, the Middle East. Art Gish of Athens, Ohio, and Cliff 
Kindy of North Manchester, Ind., were to join three other CPT 
workers in the "Fast for Rebuilding." The 29-day fast was to be 
held on behalf of the 700 Palestinian families "who are sched- 
uled to lose their homes because their land is adjacent to Israeli 
settlements or bypass roads," reported Janice Kulp Long of CPT. 
The demolition of the homes by the Israeli government is in vio- 
lation of the Oslo II Peace Accords, Long added. 

Three Christian Peacemaker Teams delegations were an- 
nounced in February. A delegation to Haiti, April 2-13, will work 
on local violence reduction. A delegation to the Middle East, June 
10-22, will work with the CPT team in Hebron on peacemaking. 
A delegation to Chiapas, Mexico, is being planned, though dates 
have not been announced. For more information, contact CPT at 
(312) 455-1 199 or at CPT@lgc. Ape. Org. 

Over $100,000 was allocated to eight projects by the 

Emergency Disaster Fund during the first three months of 1 997. 
Two grants totaling $36,000 were allocated to help people in 
North Korea— $25,000 will help Church World Service purchase 
and send barley to those in need due to flooding that has caused 
food shortages in that country; $1 1 ,000 will assist in shipping 

Other grants included: $20,000 — assistance for Brethren vol- 
unteers and their related projects in the Balkans; $20,000— for 
the Church of the Brethren rebuilding project of Butler Chapel, 
Orangeburg, S.C; $10,000 — supplies and child care in response 
to West Coast flooding; $1 0,000— relief supplies to Iglesia Cris- 
tiana Pentecostal (the Church of the Brethren partner in Cuba) 
following Hurricane Lily; $5,200— for Habitat for Humanity in 
rebuilding two homes in the Phillipines destroyed by the 1991 
eruption of Mount Pinatubo; and $5,000— food relief for mal- 
nourished people in Kenya suffering from severe drought. 

The Chemical Weapons Convention, which was signed last 
fall by leaders from over 1 00 countries— including the United 
States— bans the use, production, and possession of chemical 
weapons. In order to become a member of the decision-making 
body associated with the CWC, the United States Senate must 
ratify the convention by April 29. According to Nathan Davis of 
the Church of the Brethren Washington Office, the ratification 
^'Ote is expected in the Senate by early April. 

As a historic peace church, the Church of the Brethren has 
sought to limit both the use and availability of arms. The church 
las repeatedly declared that "all war is sin." More specifically, the 

Twenty-two people participated in Brethren Volunteer 
Service Unit 224 orientation. Jan. 19-Feb. 7, 1997, at 
Camp Ithiel, Gotha, Fla. Participants included (front row): 
Tilman Biittner, foe Laudermilch, Julie Moreau, Aaron 
Durnbaugh, Angle Kreider. Curtis Bryant, and Sladana 
Dankovic. (Middle row): Sue Grubb (BVS orientation 
assistant), Natascha Hess, Mary Ann Albert, Beth Van 
Order, Leslie Altic, fen Smith, Katie farvis, Michael 
McCarthy, and Nate Hadju (BVS director's assistant). 
(Back row): fason Larick, Todd Reish (BVS orientation 
coordinator). Ole Nicolaisen, Mike Martin, Anya Neher, 
and Charles Albert. (See page 55 for assignments.) 

1 987 General Board resolution "In this Time of Terrible Belliger- 
ence" calls upon the US government to reject chemical weapons 
and to put "an end to research and weaponry for chemical war- 

For more information, contact Davis at the Washington Office 
at (21 2) 546-3202 or at WashOfc@AOL.Com. 

Campaign finance reform was the topic of a letter drafted to 
Congress by Karen Peterson Miller, interim general secretary for 
the Church of the Brethren General Board, and about 20 other 
religious leaders in February. "As religious leaders, we believe in 
the government's role in seeking justice for all people and in 
building the common good," the letter states. "Justice cannot be 
achieved unless the rules governing the democratic process are 
just and fair to all." 

"To protect the value of our democracy, we must protect the 
integrity of each individual's vote," said John Harvey, interim 
Washington Office director. "As long as large amounts of money 
and a very small number of people are controlling the political 
process, public cynicism will continue to increase. Monied inter- 
est should not supersede the common good. As the voice of 
morality in the political debate, we as Christians must be active 
in working toward effective campaign finance reform." 

The Connecting Families Weekend Retreat for parents of les- 
bian, gay, and bisexual children is scheduled for April 11-13 at 
Laurelville (Pa.) Mennonite Church Center. For more information, 
contact Brethren/Mennonite Council, (612) 305-0315; BMCoun- 

April 1997 Messenger 1 1 

a larva o| oppoi^furviiy 

I came home from North Korea 

with hope. Many people there 

seem ready for a neiv kind of 

relationship with a people they 

remember only as deliverers of 

death and destruction. 

A Pyongyang police officer c/Zrecfs "morning rush hour" 
traffic. Few people own cars in North Korea, where 
salaries average $100 a month. 

Story and photos by 
David Radcliff 

ihe first thing I noticed was that I 
|could hear them tallying. Across i 
broad boulevard in the heart of North 
Korea's capita! city of Pyongyang, I 
could hear the conversations of 
people on the other side of the street. 
It gave me an eerie feeling — as if 
some catastrophe had suddenly 
brought on a regression to an earlier 
time. Instead, it was simply the nearly 
total lack of traffic or commercial 

But in Pyongyang even the conver- 
sation itself is disquieting; it is not tht 
raucous chatter we associate with ; 
urban life the world over. It is almost ' 
hushed — no evidence of laughter or 
rowdiness, except for the play of a few 
children in a concrete square. And \ 
this seems somehow out of place. It is! 
as if a pall hangs over the land. 

Warning: This story contains no 
gripping photos of dying children. 
Not that some North Koreans 
haven't died; there are reports of 
deaths from hunger among the very 
young and very old. Most of the 
people are gradually slowing down, 
losing energy along with body mass. 
Thanks to a very efficient food distri 
bution system, however, everyone 
goes down together. It's like a broad 
shallow lake: Evaporation sucks the 
moisture off its surface in a ruth- 
lessly equitable manner. Each part 
becomes shallower at the same rate; 
but when the lake bed finally 
appears, the lake is no more. 

I had come to North Korea with a 
small delegation of representatives of 
Christian humanitarian organiza- 
tions. Together, we were finding 
ways to assist North Korea in 
rebuilding after its devastating floods; 
of the past two years. My own 
agenda included following up on 
food aid that the Church of the 
Brethren had already provided, 
assessing needs for further assis- 
tance, and building a relationship 
between our two peoples. 

The people of North Korea are 

1 2 Messenger April 1997 

In the field behind Mrs. Ri Sung Sun, barley seed dunated by the Church of the Brethren was to be planted in 
mid-March. Here on the Kumchon Cooperative, one-fifth of its 1,500 hectares was submerged by the floods. 
Most of its oxen were swept away. A barley harvest this summer will be crucial to survival. 

lealing with their food crisis in the best way they know 
low — by turning to one another. One mistake outsiders 
nake is to sometimes equate the Juche ideal of self- 
eliance with the American style of personal autonomy 
md independence. For the people of North Korea, it 
neans that human beings within a certain society must 
ely on themselves collectively to solve their problems, 
leither depending on outsiders unnecessarily nor upon 
ome higher being. Thus, a time of need becomes a time 
if sharing and looking out for one another. "Even with a 
heet of paper, two hold it better." According to this 
Corean proverb, the smallest of tasks is worthy of cooper- 
five effort; so much more so, then, the much larger task 
if surviving a bone-rattling famine. 


Jorth Koreans from the city travel to visit their coun- 
try relatives, confident that their kindred will be able 
D assist them. This is because farmers receive their ration 
mmediately following the harvest. Even though for the 
last two years their portion has been been only 80 per- 
ent of earlier years' ration, it is food in hand. For their 
:rban counterparts, the monthly ration has been slowly 
ecreasing, until it has now become less than a survival 

The city folks take an article of clothing or some other 
ousehold item with them to exchange. This is valued by 
leir less materially blessed rural relatives, but the 
xchange still can be seen as unequal. Someone is giving 
p food. 
I wondered how North Koreans really feel about their 

heavily regimented lives. I got a chance to hold a lively 
discussion in an unlikely setting — atop the Juche Tower, a 
Pyongyang tourist stop. I asked my omnipresent govern- 
ment representative, Mr. Kim Su Man, to step to the 
other side of the tower so that the tour guide and I could 
have a frank discussion. He good-naturedly obliged me. I 
then asked the guide how she liked the North Korean 
political and economic system. What about the lack of 
freedom of speech, or the closed political process? "We 
have our apartments provided," she replied, "along with 
our monthly food ration. Health care and education are 
provided by the government. There is no unemployment." 
And she pointed out that 10 percent of the North Korean 
congress are women, one of the highest percentages in 
the world. "We are very grateful to our government for 
these things. Why would we complain?" 

"We are both willing to make trade-offs," I replied. 
"You North Korean people give up some freedoms for 
economic security and for other guaranteed benefits. In 
America, we have opportunities to make our fortunes eco- 
nomically and to participate in the political system. Of 
course, many don't make it to the top of the economic 
ladder, or anywhere near it. And money threatens to con- 
sume our democratic system. But these are risks we are 
willing to take. 

"Perhaps the ideal system lies somewhere between us," 
I offered the guide as a concluding statement that perhaps 
she and I could agree upon. 

Lack of incentive is a big problem for North Korean 
farmers and factory workers, however. A manager of a 

April 1997 Messenger 13 

German company running a clothing factory in Pyongyang 
said tPiat the products produced there were of marginal 
quality. "It's a human problem," he said. "The people just 
come to work and labor like robots. There is no imagina- 
tion or incentive for working harder or better. And the 
conditions are deplorable — the worst I have seen any- 
where. It is like there had been a war, or that this were the 
past century. The buildings are unheated, and it is some- 
times colder inside than outside. No one brings any food to 
eat; I suppose because they don't have any. And mothers 
have their babies strapped to their backs all day. Workers 
only get one or two days off a month. And they must work 
when there is electricity, which is often at night." 

The company pays $2-3 a piece for the articles of cloth- 
ing manufactured there. Payment goes to the government 
via a Hong Kong intermediary. Workers may receive a 
dollar or two a month for their labor — not including their 
food allotment, apartment, and other perks, that is. The 
items sell for $100-$300 a piece back in Germany. 

It would be difficult to overstate the effect of the recent 
floods upon the food supply in North Korea. In a country 
where only 20 percent of the land is farmable, because of 
the mountainous terrain, some 25 percent of available 
crop land was flooded in 1995 and 1996. As a result, the 
nation was left with an annual food shortage of some 1 .5 
million tons. This year, the daily food ration has declined 
from the normal level of 750 grams to 1 50-300 grams — 
or about 700 calories a person; 400 grams is considered 
essential for adequate nutrition. Birgitta Karlgren of the 
World Food Program warned that the current food sup- 
plies, even at this reduced ration, will run out by this 
month or next. 

How bad was the flooding? They say that on one day in 
late summer 1995, 1.2 meters of rain fell. That's right: 
over three feet. 

In my flight out of North Korea, I sat beside Arthur 
Holcombe of the United Nations Development Pro- 
gram. He filled in other details for me. Livestock 
production is down 75 percent since 1990. Many animals 
were washed away; many of those that weren't were killed 
for food, including breeding stock. It will be difficult to 
recover animal production, given the lack of feed grain. 

Prior to the floods, food production in North Korea had 
already been decreasing by four percent annually. This was 
due partly to a lack of incentives for increased production, 
but perhaps more so to the breakup of the Soviet Union 
and the increased openness of China to the outside world. 
These two countries had been North Korea's primary 
benefactors. Without their generosity, widespread short- 
ages of fuel, equipment, and other essential commodities 
such as medicine and fertilizer quickly developed. To make 
the energy situation worse, many coal mines have been 
flooded and thus taken out of production. 

The international community has responded to North 
Korea's crisis, although not to the extent needed. A recent 

In a February snowfall, /anners bring in bundles of 
cornstalks to be chopped by hand and stored in a primitive 
silo. The denuded hillside in the background represents 
widespread deforestation, and helps account for the floods 
of the past two years. 

$10-million food assistance grant from the United States 
was an appropriate step, but in itself totals less than five 
percent of the total aid needed in 1997, according to 
Victor Hsu of the National Council of Churches' East 
Asia office. 

In the current year, there is a grain shortfall of some 
2.5 million tons. The United Nations has begun to see 
some signs of physical stunting among very young chil- 
dren; they aren't growing normally. The North Koreans 
are nervous, however, about direct assessments of the 
health of their people. They say South Korea has used 
such information in the past for propaganda purposes — 
disparaging the North Korean governmental system. 

On the way to the airport on the morning of my depar- 
ture, Mr. Kim Choi Guk gave up his customary front scat 
to sit by me in the back of the government-provided Mer- 
cedes. Our relationship had been slowly warming each 
day. Our North Korean hosts hadn't known quite what to 
make of the Church of the Brethren. "I think that if you 
keep coming here, we will become familiar with you," Mr 
Kjm said. He and I talked about our families and about 
the future. He joked that when he became a high-ranking 
government official, he would personally invite me back. 

Mr. Kim wondered if the Brethren had a particular 
maxim. I asked him for the pen I had just given him. I 
pointed out the text printed on the barrel: "Continuing 
the Work of Jesus. Peacefully. Simply. Together." He 
asked if Brethren lived in luxury. "Living simply in Ameri 
can society is sometimes a challenge for us," I replied, 
"but we work on it." 

1 told Mr. Kim that there are many similarities between 
North Korean values and Christian values — concern for 
the well-being of others, willingness to share, and a 
strong sense of community. He noted that Christianity 
seemed to make sense. 

He then turned more serious and reminded me of the 
American troops amassed along the South Korean side oi 
the border. He sees US support of South Korea as a one 
sided policy, and reminded me that as long as this 

1 4 Messenger April 1997 

continues, there will be tension. I responded that we must 
not go to war; the devastation for all the Korean people 
would be enormous. And I felt a pang in my own heart at 
the thought of this man and others 1 had met over the 
past days being subject to another round of US bomb- 
ing — this time surely worse than during the Korean War 
of 1950-1953. 


Ri Chong Sun is pastor of one of 
the three Christian churches in 
North Korea. North Korea's 
Christian community numbers 
about 10,000 members, the 
majority belonging to house 

A city dweller heads for the countryside 
to ask farmer relatives for food to 
supplement her meager ration. 

here is much to yet overcome. The food situation will 
only slowly improve, and this will take a combination 
of outside assistance and North Korean willingness to try 
new styles of production. Our relationship will likewise 
take time to recover from the animosities of the past, still 
amazingly fresh in our minds. And misunderstandings on 
all sides could quickly lead to trouble. 

Yet, I came home with more hope than I thought I 
might. Some sectors of the North Korean government 
seem open to new ideas. Many people seem ready for a 
new kind of relationship with a people they remember 
only as deliverers of death and destruction; a new 
memory can slowly be created to replace the old. 

In the smiles of a teenage band on the streets of 
[Pyongyang, in the breaking of eggs together at Kumchon 
Cooperative, in the exchange of greetings with Christian 
sisters and brothers, and in an honest and frank conversa- 
tion atop the luche Tower, there were signs that where we 
have been is not where we have to continue to go. 
May God take us to this new place together. 


David Radcliffis director of Denominational Peace Witness on the 
World Ministries Commission staff. 

7\)oi^fK Koreans 

The Church of the Brethren has responded to the 
needs of the North Korean people in a variety of 
ways over the past 18 months. The Emergency 
Disaster Fund has allotted a total of $66,000, and 
$55,000 has been sent from the Global Food Crisis 
Fund. Much of this assistance has been in response 
to Church World Service appeals for rice ship- 
ments. Part of the GFCF grants ($35,000) and EDF 
grants ($25,000) supported the supplying of barley 
seeds for a 1997 spring crop to precede the early 
summer rice planting. This is the first time that 
such double-cropping has been attempted in North 
Korea. Two shipments of canned beef from South- 
ern Pennsylvania/Mid-Atlantic districts' Beef 
Canning Project have been made, and funds for 
medical supplies were raised by Missouri/Arkansas 

Due in part to Brethren prompting, Robert Pelant 
of Heifer Project International took part in the 
February delegation to North Korea. Efforts are 
being made to include other agencies in our 
response to the North Korean crisis. 

Last month, the General Board authorized a spe- 
cial one-time offering to provide additional 
assistance to North Korea. A goal of $75,000 was 
set, with any funds raised to be sent through the 
Global Food Crisis Fund. Congregations are encour- 
aged to respond to this appeal by mid-April. 
Depending on needs at that time, collected funds 
will be used either to purchase corn seed and fer- 
tilizer for the summer planting or additional rice 
for immediate consumption. 

We are seeking ways to build relationships 
between Brethren and the North Koreans. Among 
the ideas explored thus far are workcamps, 
exchanges, and reciprocal choir visits. Progress 
on such initiatives will be slow, as trust will need 
to develop over time. — David Radcliff 

April 1997 Messenger 1 5 

Following Jesus' w^elcome of strangers 

By Walt Wiltschek 

The fellowship hall of Codorus 
Church of the Brethren in Loganville, 
Pa., took on the appearance of a Chi- 
nese New Year celebration on Feb. 26. 

Colorful paper artwork sat on ta- 
bles or was carried proudly about the 
room; people in various corners of 
the room chatted excitedly; others 
shared hugs with newfound friends. 

This celebration marked not a new 
year but a new beginning. The 39 
Chinese men in the room had spent 
more than 1,360 days in prison, 
dreaming of this moment of freedom. 

They received carnations, happily 
tried on donated clothes, and re- 
ceived other items to help them get a 
new start on life. A sign outside the 
church proclaimed "FREEDOM." 

"There have been a lot of prayers 
going up for this," said Grace 
LeFever, a member of West York 
Church of the Brethren. "We're all 
celebrating and are just thrilled." 

The detainees' saga started in June 
1993, when the "Golden Venture" 
freighter ran aground off of Queens, 
New York. 

The vessel carried nearly 300 pas- 
sengers, 10 of whom died while 
swimming ashore. Most had con- 
tracted with smugglers to help them 
in their quest for freedom. 

Instead, they were sent to prisons; 
110 to the York County (Pa.) prison. 

There the immigrants stayed unno- 
ticed until an article in a local paper 
three months later focused on their 
plight. An ecumenical vigil was 
scheduled and a community group to 

1 6 Messenger April 1997 

help the detainees was born. "People 
of the Golden Vision" included about 
a dozen Brethren. 

The group faithfully held weekly 
vigils each Sunday, 183 in all. They 
made visits and organized classes for 
teaching English. 

They kept contact with lawyers who 
worked to represent the detainees 
and to build asylum cases for them. 

On Feb. 26, 12 days after President 
Clinton announced their release was 
imminent, it finally came true, al- 
though each detainee will still need 
to plead his case for asylum. 

|oe Detrick, pastor of Codorus 
Church of the Brethren, was among 
those involved in the effort from its 
early stages. He would often sing 
and preach at the vigils, and he and 
his family hosted several prisoners 
who obtained earlier releases. 

He rejoiced that People of the 
Golden Vision's work had finally 
achieved its goal. "We're feeling really 
elated about their release," he said. 

For Detrick, the People of the 
Golden Vision's work reached to the 
heart of the New Testament's message. 

"From our vantage point, it follows 
the biblical understanding of welcom- 
ing the stranger and being a messen- 
ger of God, and is consistent with our 
church's standing of taking in people 
who come to us," Detrick said. 

"When Jesus talks about 'the least 
of these,' there's power in that mes- 
sage from Jesus, which literally 
means when you have done it to oth- 
ers ... you're really doing it to God." 

LeFever learned about the Golden 
Vision work when she went to see a 

display of some of the detainees' pa- 
per artwork, which has helped draw 
national attention to their cause. 

"Because Brethren have been in- 
volved in many things like this, I im- 
mediately said I need to be involved, 
in whatever I can do," LeFever said. 

Harriet and Ray Miller, members 
of the Cordorus congregation, have 
also been active in People of the 
Golden Vision, with Harriet serving 
as resettlement coordinator. 

Arlene Miller, a French teacher and^ 
member of New Fairview Church of 
the Brethren in York, along with 
Jake, her husband, offered her ser- 
vices when told the detainees were ini 
need of an English teacher. 

Arlene and Jake were among 21 
families who had offered their homes 
to the detainees until they are settled. 

"Friendship House," a house pur- 
chased by the Golden Vision group 
and scheduled to open this month — 
in part through a $25,000 donation 
from Atlantic Northeast and Southern 
Pennsylvania districts' Disaster Relief 
Auction — will also help provide a 
place for such resettlement efforts. 
Detrick said work with refugees will 
become an ongoing effort. 

The weekly vigils, however, will 
likely become monthly meetings, he 
said. "We promised to meet until the 
last one was free," Detrick said. 

Through People of the Golden Vi- 
sion's persistence, that long- 
awaited moment finally came. 


Walt Wiltschek is a designer and a feature 
writer for the York (Pa.) Daily Record. He is a 
member of York First Church of the Brethren. 

^tfigBeach '97 












Long Beach, Calif., will serve 
as host city this summer for 
the 211th Church of the 
Brethren Annual Conference, 
July 1-6. 

Conference information packets 
were released on March 1 1 ; to order 
a packet, call the Annual Conference 
office at (800) 323-8039. Additional 
Conference information will be avail- 
able in Messenger's May preview 
issue, and in the Annual Conference 
Booklet, set to be available by |une 1 . 

Lodging in Long Beach is conve- 
nient, with three hotels within 
two minutes walking distance of the 
Convention Center. Two other hotels 
and one motor lodge are within 13 
minutes of the Center. For hotel 
reservations and rates, use the hotel 
registration form included in the 
Annual Conference packet. 

Getting to Long Beach should be 
hassle-free, regardless of how 
people travel. Long Beach is located 
less than an hour southeast of Los 
Angeles, with interstate access. With 
two major airports located within 30 
minutes of Long Beach's downtown, 

April 1997 Messenger 17 

fc)ifigBeach '97 

flying to southern California is a good choice. 

If flying to Los Angeles is the option chosen, it is best to uti- 
lize the $24 round-trip shuttle service the Annual Conference 
office has arranged with SuperShuttle, the region's premier 
airport shutde service, because having a vehicle in Long 
Beach over the 4th of July weekend may present a challenge. 

There are two premier Independence Day fireworks displays 
in southern California: at Disneyland in nearby Anaheim, and 
in Long Beach, off the stern of the Queen Mary, which is 
located just across the harbor from the Convention Center. 
Long Beach also boasts fireworks displays each Saturday 
throughout summer following luly 4, meaning crowds of 
more than 20,000 are expected to converge on Long Beach 
the nights of July 4-5 for back-to-back evenings of fireworks. 

Fortunately, the city boasts free tram and Runabout service 
throughout the areas frequented by tourists. Additional public 
transportation is available for traveling to communities nearby. 

A variety of dining choices can be found within a 1 5-minute 
walk from the Convention Center — from the food service 
provided at the Convention Center to nearby buffets to many 
novelty restaurants along historic Pine Avenue. And, at least 
two of the hotels listed in the Conference packet plan on 
offering a nightly ice cream bar. 


ecreation during free time also will be possible. All of the 
otels have excellent swimming pools and workout 

The Long Beach Convention Center is a huge facility with 
arena, and many meeting rooms. The center is located 
harbor from the Queen Mary, one of Long Beach 's pren 



7/fe RmcUucmce, Long Beack Hotel edmdi 

a uiatM icniO<£'M CahfotMla, 
uudame, t» tdi' CkuieA (yfth BneOuim!!! 

W(tk iU neuiici ampkUd ^4.1 uuMcu. 

tmovd^M, tke, RmaiuaMA noM towihiMti 

(cUilmmhIje, aeamumddtlotti (md uMowfiotKUMg 

ivu/iae, M a cMuaUtj eleqcMt d^koil^keAA. 

iocdUd M Ua keantof'Oie, Long 
Beack fiMOMCicd duViict, Ua koM U acnou 

nom tke Long BeacA Com/etCtlon 
Sir EiitM/iiMMmt CwtJvi ... Ih, officiaJt idi, 

of Aiuuuil Confvimai,. 

Uie Ui- Hodl Riifuut FotM iM/diided la Ui 
Amwm CiMmince racket ton, teivu/aUeni. 

18 Messenger April 1997 

ixhibit halls connected to a theater, 
way from the beach, and across the 

Discover Tne Hyatt loucn 


JLJ- vatt Regency Long Beach means business! Featuring 27,000 square feet of flexible 

facilities including the newly renovated Regency Ballroom and the spectacular 

Beacon Ballroom offering 100 feet of the city's most impressive views. Discover 

resort-like amenities and exceptional service providing the idtimate setting for 

memorable meetings, conferences and conventions. 

With its oceanfront location, Hyatt Regency Long Beach puts guests close to Shoreline 
Village and the fine shops, restaurants and theaters of Pine Avenue. Hyatt Regency 
Long Beach. ..a unique combination of location and amenities for any occasion. 

Church of the Brethren Annual Conference 

Special Rate— $99* 

Single or double occupancy 

For reservations, please fax (562) 435-5653 


- led llulhatt Touch' ■ 


Church of the Brethren 

• Newly-renovated, luxurious 
4-diamond hotel 

• Across from Convention Center 
and short walk to Pine Avenue 

• 24-hour Room Service 

• Outdoor pool and Sun Deck 

• Award-winning Sushi Bar 

• Health and Fitness Center 

• Deli and Patio Dining 

Use Hotel Request Form in Annual 
Conference Packet for reservations 

Sheraton Long Beach 


April 1997 Messenger 19 


ij^tigBeach '97 

rooms. As for the S'A-mile beach 
from which the city derives its name, 
the north end is located two blocks 
from the Convention Center. The 
wide beach includes a paved path for 
biking, jogging, walking, and roller- 
blading. Two bicycle rental facilities 
within a 1 0-minute walk of the Con- 
vention Center make for a great 
exercise option. — Nevin Dulabaum 
and Linda Myers Swanson 

King-size or double beds 
Non-smoking rooms available 
Patio swimming pool and whirlpool Mini-gym 
Remote control cable TV In-room coffee/tea 
Iron and ironing board Full-sized work, desk 
Cozy restaurant for breakfast buffet or dinner 

Downtown Long Beach Courtyard 

Use Annual Conference Hotel Request fonn for resen-ations 

JOIN us 



M s I n 1 n ( 

Second Level 


JULY 1 - 5, 1997 

'If Long Beach 

Exp'm7/6I}J I 

The Promenade Tram is one of two free transit services offered throughout Long 
Beach. Public transportation to other communities is also available. 

{^itm oo^^biiiUf fd 

7^/ve 21-27, 1997 

A special Family Camp 

featuring Brethren 

musicians and 


in California's Sierra 

Nevada mountains! 

Lee Krahenbiihl- Songwriter & 


Peg Lehman - Folksinger & 

Children's Songs 

Jim Lehman - Author & Storyteller 

Registration Fees: 

0-3 years-Free 

4-11 years-$50 
Family maximum $240 

Registration Deadline - May 1, 1997 

Debbie Eisenbise - Storyteller & 


Shawn Kirchner - Musician 

Jonathan Hunter - Storyteller 

Jan & John Long - Folksingers 

For questions or more details contact: 

Ken Kline Smeltzer, Fest Director 

c/o Modesto Church of the Brethren 

2301 Woodland Ave. 

Modesto CA 95358 

(209) 523-1438 (w) 522-7865 (h) 

20 Messenger April 1997 


Living is risicy 

business, to be 

sure. But talcing 

calculated risks 

is the only path 

to growth. 


by Robin Wentworth Mayer 

Skating is not new to 
me. 1 grew up in the 
church, and roller-skating 
was one of the few recre- 
ational activities that was 
considered "wholesome." 
(No one noticed how simi- 
lar it was to dancing.) 

So, once a month my 
family used to go skating 
with our regional church 
group. And it was great 
fun. My dad taught me to 
skate backward, cross-over 
around the corners, and 
"hokey pokey" . . . without 
missing a beat. 

But recently, when I made 
my once-a-year appearance 
on the skating floor, during 
our church's annual pil- 
grimage to the roller rink, I 
was surprised at how 
wobbly I felt. What had 
changed? Did a year's aging 
make that much difference? 
Was I heavier? Weaker? 
Had something happened to 
my sense of balance? Tenta- 
tively, I skated a few laps. I 
spent the rest of the after- 
noon spectating. It was as I 
watched the kids racing 
around at breakneck speed 
that 1 realized what they had 
that I had lost: 

They weren't afraid 
of falling. 

When I was in college, I 
learned to downhill ski the 
hard way — by ignoring the 
beginners slope and heading 
straight for the chair lift. 
Before 1 could even stand 
steady, I was barreling down 
the hill. I was energetic, 

resilient, and perhaps a little 
stupid. Those first few times 
down, I took more creative 
spills than I could possibly 
count. But you know what? 
I learned to ski. 

Eventually though, I 
became reluctant to appear 
foolish. I got tired of bumps 
and bruises. I was embar- 
rassed by my mistakes. And 
I became afraid of falling. 

One of the silent tragedies 
of human experience is the 
person who goes through 
life as though the only item 
on the agenda were to avoid 
mistakes. It is silent because 
there are no major failures 
to draw attention. It is 
tragic because failure-free 
living is acquired at the 
expense of growth and ful- 

In his book The Psychol- 
ogy of Religion. Wayne E. 
Oates discusses three 
approaches to morality in 
dealing with the choices, 
temptations, and dreams of 
life. He calls the first a 
"morality of safety." This is 
the approach that assumes 
that a mistake, any mistake, 
is the equivalent of the 
"unforgivable sin." Thus the 
best approach is to avoid 
risks at all costs. 

The second is the flip 
side — a "morality of 
neglect." Here, all caution 
is thrown to the wind, and 
potential problems are 
denied. You can imagine the 
resulting chaos. 

Oates' third, and recom- 
mended, approach is a 
"morality of calculated 
risk." This attitude assumes 

that human life must be 
tested under careful condi- 
tions of freedom in the same 
way that a ship has to be 
given a shakedown cruise. 
And by collaborating with 
others in calculating the 
risks of a situation we move 
toward reality, responsibil- 
ity, and fulfillment. 

Take inventory of your 
life. Are you forfeiting legit- 
imate opportunities because 
they also contain tempta- 
tions? Have you aborted a 
possibility because it 
included a pitfall? Have 
you declined a challenge for 
fear of failure? Have you 
thrown the baby out with 
the bathwater? 

Living is risky business, 
to be sure. But taking cal- 
culated risks is the only 
path to growth. One of my 
all-time favorite quotes is 
from Charlie Shedd: "A 
ship in harbor is safe . . . 
but that is not what ships 
are made for." 

Like skating and skiing, 
living can only be done well 
when we get over our rTT" 
fear of falling. I- — 

Robin Wentworth Mayer is 
pastor of Kokoino (Ind.) Church of 
the Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a column 
offering suggestions, perspectives, 
and opinions — snapshots of life — 
that we hope are helpful to readers 
in their Christian journey. As the 
writer said in her first installment. 
"Remember, when it comes to man- 
aging life's difficulties, we don't 
need to walk on water We just need 
to learn where the stepping stones 
are. " 

April 1997 Messenger 21 

BY Ryan Ahlgrim 

So they went out and fled from the 
tomb, for terror and amazement 
had seized them; and they said 
nothing to anyone, for they were 
afraid (Mark 16:8). 

A little boy woke up one night 

yrl during a thunderstorm. Terrified, 
he went to his parents' room to sleep 
with them. The mother tried to calm 
his fears and send him back to his 
bedroom by saying, "Don't be afraid. 
Jesus is with you all the time." 

The boy replied, "I know. But I 
want somebody with skin on." 

1 can identify with that little boy. I 
believe fesus is with me all the time. I 
believe his living spirit lives in me and 
guides me and empowers me. But I 
have to confess: I still fear the thun- 
der. I fear the thunder of pain, of 
being robbed, of sudden accident, of 
cancer, and of the unknown. And 
when I am afraid, I want somebody 
with skin on. When the hammer of 

22 Messenger April 1997 

tragedy strikes in my world, and the 
shadow of death passes too close, 1 
wish I could see (esus. I wish I could 
talk with him, and he with me. I wish I 
could hold his hand and have him hold 
my hand. Then maybe I wouldn't be 

But of course the problem is, fesus 
isn't there with his skin on. I believe 
he is risen. I believe he is with me and 
in me. But I have never seen the risen 
lesus. He has never been fully and 
physically present. And if I am honest 
with myself, that makes a difference. 

My dilemma is similar to that of the 
women at the end of Mark's Gospel. 
They hear that Jesus is risen. They see 
the empty tomb. They experience the 
evidence. But Jesus himself they do 
not see. And so they run from the 
tomb trembling and afraid, and they 
say nothing to anyone. I am in the 
same boat: I hear the good news and I 
experience the evidence of it, but Jesus 
himself I do not see, and so I still 
sometimes tremble inside. 

The Gospel of Mark is a very odd 

The Sea of Galilee 

5^(7/ draws people 
today, either to 
view its tranquil 
beauty or to ponder 
events from fesus' 
ministry and 

Gospel. It is the only Gospel in which 
no one ever sees the risen Jesus. The 
early church was apparently troubled 
by this fact, because it attached a new 
ending based on the endings in 
Matthew, Luke, and John, in which 
fesus is seen and heard and touched. 
But all of the earliest copies of Mark's 
Gospel end with Jesus appearing to no 
one. No one sees him with his skin on. 
That makes the Gospel of Mark odd, 
but it also makes it special for us. It is 
a Gospel for all of us latter-day disci- 
ples who hear the message, believe it 
(or want to believe it), but never see 
the risen Jesus. 

And yet, we can see the risen Jesus. 
The Gospel of Mark invites the disci- 
ples to see the risen Jesus, but they 
will first have to go on a journey. The 
young man at the tomb tells the 
women, "Go tell his disciples and 
Peter that he is going ahead of you to 
Galilee; there you will see him." Mark 
seems to be saying, "Do you want to 
see the risen Jesus? Do you want to 
see him with his skin on? Then don't 


just sit there. Go to Galilee. He's not 
coming here. You have to go there." 
That's another odd thing, because 
Luke says the risen |esus appeared to 
the disciples right there in [erusalem. 
They didn't have to go anywhere. 
They just had to stay put and wait. 
John says the same thing. But not 
Mark. Mark has a different message. 
And maybe Mark has a different mes- 
sage because Mark is speaking 
specifically to us. He's saying, "To see 
the risen Jesus you must go on a jour- 

I ney, a journey to Galilee." 

What does it mean to go to Galilee 

! to meet the risen Jesus? For me, it 
means going on the journey of faith, 
committing myself to a journey that 
will last the rest of my life. At the end 
of Mark's Gospel, it is unclear 
whether the disciples are actually 
going to make that journey to Galilee. 
Matthew says they do. But Mark does 
not. And perhaps Mark leaves the 
ending in doubt because we are the 
disciples. It is up to us to decide 
whether we are going to make that 
journey to Galilee to see the risen 
Jesus, and it is an open question 
whether we will or will not go. 

A lot of would-be disciples choose 
not to make that journey. Some hear 
the good news that Jesus lives, but in 
their heart of hearts they decide not to 
believe it. They decide God has not 
conquered the things that make us 
afraid. God has not conquered 
random evil, human sin, and ultimate 
death. And so these people stay at 
home. Others hear the good news that 
Jesus lives, and they romantically 
believe it. But then they see how hard 
the journey is, and they only pretend 
to go. All of these people stay at home, 
deciding to live for themselves, and 
they try to ignore their fears through 

various distractions. 

But some people do go on the jour- 
ney. It is not easy. It is long, rugged, 
chilly at times, wet at times, there are 
lots of obstacles, and there are times 
when it is hard to tell which is the 
right path. Some take the road alone, 
but that is not wise. Most who go on 
the journey, go with a band of other 
pilgrims. That is what the church is: a 
group of pilgrims traveling together 
on our way to Galilee to see the 
risen Jesus. 

Together we lift the trees that have 
fallen across the path. Together we 
look for the right path to follow. 
Together we build a fire and stay 
warm. Together we sing as we jour- 
ney, tell stories, share each other's 
load, and make the way lighter and 

What does it mean to go 

to Galilee to meet the 

risen Jesus? For me, it 

means going on the 

journey of faith, 

committing myself to a 

journey that will last 

the rest of my life. 

richer. It is a beautiful path to Galilee 
for all of its difficulties. And many 
times, as we are traveling on this jour- 
ney of faith, a stranger will walk with 
us and talk with us, and our hearts will 
burn within us. 

We stay on that path all of our life. It 
is not that Galilee is so far away; actu- 
ally, it is pretty close. But it takes a 

lifetime to get there. Through the 
years, your legs will become ever 
stronger, and your body will learn to 
ignore the chilly winds and rain. As 
time goes by, the journey becomes 
more meaningful, more joyful, and we 
become more hopeful for the end. 

And then, at some point that only 
God knows (for many, it will be when 
your hair is all gray and your body is 
too tired to go farther), you will come 
to a clearing and see a blue lake, vast 
and calm, surrounded by hills. The 
people living around there call it the 
Sea of Galilee, and they will point out 
a small, stone house near the shore. 
You will go to the door and knock. 
And when the door opens, then, then 
you will see the risen Jesus — Jesus 
with his skin on. 

He will give you a big hug, kiss you 
on the cheek, and say, "I'm so glad 
you're here!" And you will look at him 
and say, "You know, you look a lot 
like that stranger who traveled with us 
and talked with us and made our 
hearts warm." Jesus will simply smile, 
invite you in, and pull up a chair for 
you at his dinner table. 

There will be lots of people at that 
table. How could there be so many 
people around a table in such a small 
house? I don't know, but everyone 
who has made the journey before you 
is there. Many of them you will 
know — intimates whom you have 
ached to see for many years. And 
then Jesus will gird himself and serve 
us. He will break the bread and pass 
it, and then he will pass his cup, 
and we will laugh together and sing 
and celebrate with our Lord into 


Ryan Ahlgrim is pastor of First Mennonite 
Church in Indianapolis, hid. 

April 1997 Messenger 23 

The Thomas in us all 

BY Pete Haynes 

Do you ever catch yourself associ- 
ating a character from the Bible 
with someone you know by the same 
name? That is what I have done with 
the disciple Thomas. 

The picture in my head that I have 
of this man is the spit and image of 
my cousin Tom. I first met Tom more 
than 30 years ago, when my family 
visited his home one summer. It was 
past midnight when we arrived, and 
my sleeping body was tucked into 
bed next to Tom's. Our first sight of 
each other was face to face early the 
next morning. Tom, who was four or 
five years old, remembers this more 
clearly than I. To wake up and find a 
stranger in bed with you certainly 
would make an impression. 

"Are you my cousin, Peter?" he 
remembers asking. 

"Un-huh," I answered. And we spent 
that visit making a farm out of the 
gravel driveway, playing with Tom's 
toy tractors, trucks, and animals. 

Tom's and my relationship did not 
survive the transition out of this toy 
farm stage. He battled with his adop- 
tive parents and moved out early into 
a so-so marriage. We rarely talked 
after that. I never got invited into his 
new life to play with his new toys. 

The Tom I see when I think of him 
now is the grown man whom I have 
met only a few times — mussed-up 
hair, dark eyes, stubbly chin, 
disheveled clothes, dirty hands and 
face, and the beginning of a pot 
belly. From the few chats we have 
had, I see him as an angry man, con- 
fused about his family origins, and 
full of doubt about himself, his 
family, and his God. 

For better or for worse, this is the 
Thomas I see when I turn to the 
Gospels. It probably is not a very 
accurate picture of that original 
Thomas, but it allows me to enter the 
scripture in a personal way. Although 
my cousin Tom and I share little in 
common, deep down we are very 
much alike. 

The biggest hour for the disciple 
Thomas is found only in [ohn's 
Gospel (chapter 20). After Peter and 
the beloved disciple verified Mary 
Magdalene's discovery of the empty 
tomb, she waited by it and was the 
first person to see the risen Christ. 
Then she went and announced to the 
disciples, "I have seen the Lord." 

One would expect that, after hear- 
ing her announcement, the disciples 
would all run to see for themselves. 
Sad to say, men often find it difficult 
to believe women. Thus it is signifi- 

cant that in every account, the first 
witnesses to the resurrection 
were women. 

Instead of moving with the excite- 
ment of Mary Magdalene's 
testimony, the disciples closed their 
doors. Talk about a lack of enthusi- 
asm! The greatest news in the world 
is breaking, and they shut themselves 
off from it. But that is what usually 
happens. Fear: That's the reason 
given. Fear. Not fear of lesus and 
something wonderful happening. No. 
Fear of "the lews," fear of what 
others might be thinking or doing. 

That usually is the reason we close 
our doors as well. We are afraid of 
what everybody else might think, or 
say, or do. That doesn't matter, 
though, for no closed door can keep 
lesus out. He didn't force himself in 
on the disciples; he just came and 
stood among them. That is also how 
it often is. lesus is there all the time; 
we just don't have the eyes of faith to 
see his presence. 

lesus came to the disciples in that 
closed room. "Peace be with you," he 
said. This risen Christ is the embodi- 
ment of God's peace. The marks of 
reconciliation, the print of those nails 
upon the cross, are visible to those 
who would see. Fear changes to joy. 
There in the stuffiness of that closed 

24 Messenger April 1997 

room, Jesus commissioned his disci- 
ples to go forth, and gave them the 
power to do so. "As the Father has sent 
me, so I send you," he said. You are to 
be my presence, my Father's presence, 
in this world. You will embody God's 
peace. The world will see you. The 
marks of reconciliation will be visible 
in your lives. The Father so loved the 
world that he sent me, and so I send 
you. Shine forth your light. 

As lesus commissioned the disci- 
ples, he empowered them. "Receive 
the Holy Spirit," he said, having 
breathed on them. The wind of his 
breath blew open the doors of that 
stuffy room just as surely as the wind 
of God blew through the first 
moments of creation. It breathed new 
life into those disciples just as God 
breathed the breath of life into that 
lump of clay he fashioned and called 
"Adam." And the Holy Spirit would be 
the presence of lesus to them as they, 
and all the disciples after them — to 
this very day — would embody God's 
forgiveness in this stuffy, dark, and 
fearful world. What a night that must 
have been! 

Not everyone, however, experienced 
Jesus' visit. Thomas had been absent. 
Why? Who knows? No doubt he had 
his reasons. Maybe he was the only 
one caught up in the excitement of 
Mary Magdalene's announcement, 
and was out searching for the risen 
Christ. Maybe. Maybe not. Maybe his 
own depression and fear had led him 
away from the others, and he was 
drowning his sorrows in drink. 
Maybe. Maybe not. The point is, we 
are not told why Thomas wasn't 
there, for, in many ways, he repre- 
sents the doubter in us all, and it is up 
to us to fill in the blanks. 

As for me, I see my cousin Tom. It 
just makes sense that he wouldn't be 
there, as at all the family get-togethers 
he has shied away from. No, Tom 
would not have been there in that stuffy 
room. And when the original Thomas 
heard the news about Jesus appearing 
to the others, he responded in the most 
natural way — with doubt. "Unless I see 
it, I ain't gonna believe it!" 

In many ways, Thomas speaks for 

us all. We can talk up a storm about 
resurrection, but, deep down, the 
doubter dwells. And that is as it 
should be. If we are not aware of our 
own doubt, we will live it unknow- 
ingly. We will profess the right words, 
but we will live as if they weren't true. 
Alfred Tennyson wrote, "There lives 
more faith in honest doubt, / Believe 
me, than in half the creeds." And 
Robert Browning put it this way: "You 
call for faith; / I show you doubt, to 
prove that faith exists. / The more of 
doubt, the stronger faith, I say. / If 
faith o'ercomes doubt." 

Doubt is a part of faith. If there 
were no doubt, there would be no 
faith. Even so, a person can't really 
live in doubt. Doubt overcomes the 
soil out of which grows faith. Without 
faith, the soil becomes as dust — life- 
less and blown away by the wind. And 
this is Thomas the disciple, as I see 

Deep down in each of us, the 

doubter dwells ... as it should. 

If we are not aware of our 

own doubt, we will live it 

unknowinsly. We will profess 

the right words, but we will 

live as if they weren't true. 

him, the doubter in us all. No doors 
can shut out the risen Christ, how- 
ever; neither can the dustiness of 
doubt, although, again, he does not 
force himself in. 

A week after dusty Thomas confessed 
his lack of faith in a "no see, no believe" 
fashion, Jesus returned. Again the doors 
were shut. "Peace be with you," he said 
to them all. This time Thomas saw 
Jesus. The risen Lord faced squarely 
into the doubt of Thomas: "Put your 
finger here and see my hands. Reach 
out your hand and place it in my side." 

The marks of reconciliation. Jesus 
looked Thomas squarely in the eye. "Do 
not doubt, but believe." 

The dustiness and lifelessness in the 
eyes of the doubter, who is every 
doubter, is blown away by the pres- 
ence of Jesus. The scripture doesn't 
say so, but the breath of the Spirit 
seems to blow across the page as we 
read of this encounter between 
Thomas and Jesus. It is as if black and 
white were changed to color, as 
Thomas the doubter became Thomas 
the believer. 

"My Lord and my God!" he con- 
fessed — the high point of John's 
Gospel, one of the highest confessions 
of Jesus divinity in all four Gospels. 
One commentator describes this 
episode as if it were a play, with the 
actors on a stage. At this moment in 
the drama, it is as if the lights in the 
theater come on, and people in the 
audience can begin to see themselves 
and others around them. With the 
lights on, Jesus seems to turn and face 
the audience — us — and bless it with 
his attention. "Thomas believed me 
because he saw me. Blessed are you 
who have not seen and yet believe." 

"Now faith is the assurance of 
things hoped for, the conviction of 
things not seen," wrote the author of 
Hebrews (11 :1). As for Thomas the 
disciple, scripture doesn't say that he 
touched the wounds of Jesus. In fact, 
there is some question as to whether 
his confession of faith would have 
been for real if he had. It wasn't so 
much the meeting of his conditions 
for faith that brought about Thomas' 
confession of faith. Rather, it was the 
gift of Christ's presence. Although 
his physical presence is not something 
we today can see, we may know it 
by faith through the breath of his 
Holy Spirit. 

That wind still blows. "Seeing is 
believing?" No. "Believing is seeing." 
When we believe in the risen Christ, 
we see that every morning is Easter 
morning, every day is resurrection 
day . . . whether it happens seven 
days later or two millennia later. 


Pete Haynes is pastor of Long Green Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Glen Arm. Md. 

April 1997 Messenger 25 


BY Jeff Boshart 

More and more these days, Amer- 
icans hear of events happening 
in places whose names are difficult to 
pronounce, in countries they never 
learned about in geography class. As 
our knowledge of our world grows, 
disturbing images of famine, warfare, 
and natural disasters remind us that 
increasingly we live in a global village. 
In the process of our acquiring this 
new knowledge, several myths have 
found their way into our collective 
body of information about the world. 
There are two particularly widespread 

• People are starving in this world 
because there is not enough food. 

• Overpopulation causes poverty. 
According to figures from the 

United Nations Food and Agriculture 
Organization (FAO), the world's per 
capita food production levels continue 
to rise each year at a rate faster than 
the world's population growth rate. In 
fact, as reported in The Economist for 
Nov. 16, 1996, the world's population 
growth rate is slowing. Basically, 
there is enough food in the world to 
feed everyone. So why then are some 
people starving? 

Are there people starving and 
people living in poverty because of 
overpopulation? Does overpopulation 
cause poverty, as conventional 
wisdom says? Those who believe this 
often point to densely populated 
places such as Africa or Central 
America, and then firmly state the 
cause of suffering: "'They' have too 
many people." But if overpopulation 
leads to poverty, then, according to 
this line of reasoning, both |apan and 
the Netherlands should be destitute. 
But, in fact, these two very crowded 
countries are among the wealthiest in 
the world. 

Having dismissed these two 

26 Messenger April 1997 

a relief mentality 

modern myths, where do we turn? If 
we have enough food in the world, 
why are people starving? If overpop- 
ulation does not cause poverty, what 
then are the causes of poverty? The 
answers to these two questions are 
uncomfortable ones for most of us. 

Clearly, we have a food distribu- 
tion problem, not a food shortage. 
The Church of the Brethren has a 
long tradition of food relief pro- 
grams, which, as the December 1996 
Messenger article "Church World 
Service at 50: The Trucks Still Roll" 
states, is "something to celebrate, 
indeed." The Disaster Relief Auc- 
tions across the denomination are 
also a wonderful part of our Brethren 
heritage and witness. But even as we 
buy a pie, a quilt, or a heifer at one 
of these auctions, or donate money 
to any of these fine programs, it still 
is not enough. People continue to 
starve in situations that have little to 
do with earthquakes, tornadoes, hur- 
ricanes, or floods. 

Many of today's international relief 
organizations were established right 
after World War II, during the era of 
European reconstruction under the 
Marshall Plan. This effort, hailed as 
a major success by many, has 
become the model for many relief 
efforts today. The idea is to move 

massive amounts of supplies (such asi 
clean water, food, medicine, and 
clothing) from one place to another. 
The assumption is that if people have 
more things they will then be able to 
pick themselves up, dust themselves 
off, and move ahead to better times. 

After over 50 years of a relief men- 
tality toward dealing with poverty, we 
find as we approach the 21st century 
that we are living in a world in which 
the division between rich and poor has 
never been in greater contrast. Why? 

There certainly is a place for relief 
in situations in which all that is 
needed is food, clean water, or medi-i 
cine (for example, after natural i 

disasters). But in many parts of the j 
world, this approach has failed. Mas-i 
sive hunger relief programs in Africa i 
have, in many cases, caused more 
harm than good. Huge amounts of ; 
free foreign grain dumped upon the 1 
markets of a country that is in the i 
midst of drought and famine only 
drive the prices lower for local grain, ' 
thus further depressing local 1 

economies. In some cases, food- i 
dumping destroys the incentive of j 
farmers to produce. i 

The picture is more complex in 
poverty-stricken countries in which 
some people have extravagant 1 

standards of living and incredible | 
power and control over the lives of 
the poor. 

Again, what are the causes of i 

poverty? I would answer "Injustice, 
and maybe a lack of education among 
rich and poor alike." Some people 
(leaders and laity) within the Church 1 
of the Brethren would say this, but 
then stop there without acknowledg- 
ing the cause of injustice. 1 

What is the cause of injustice? The 
Bible presents sin as the root of all 
the world's problems. Unfortunately, | 
although many people within our 1 
denomination do believe sin is the i 

oot of the world's problems, they fail 
acknowledge injustice or their roles 
n either promoting injustice or doing 
omething to change injustices. 

Popular evangelists preach about 
he need for a modern apologetic to 
each today's world. In a world full of 
lopelessness, how can we as Chris- 
ians more effectively witness to the 
lope that we have in lesus Christ as 
ihe Savior of the world? How can we 
jis Brethren be light to the world and a 
j;.ity built on a hill when we cannot pay 
ijur own ecclesiastical electricity bills, 
jind our denominational infrastruc- 
ture is being downsized? How can we 
:is individual believers respond to 
'hose people suffering in our own 
i:ommunities and congregations? 

In order to more effectively respond 
o the needs of a hurting world, we 
leed to move beyond a relief mental- 
ity toward a consistent development 
ihilosophy. Relief is short term and 
:ompartmentalized, and often only 
jiddresses material needs. Develop- 
[nent, on the other hand, is long term, 
Ineets the needs of the whole person, 
:ind encourages change, responsibil- 
•ty, and growth in individuals. 

A professor in one of my university 
;.:lasses encouraged each student to 
;ome up with his own community 
levelopment philosophy. I based mine 
)n my experiences working for several 
levelopment organizations. Readers 
nay find it helpful as they search for 
; reative ways of responding to Christ's 
all to address both the physical needs 
)f the world (Matt. 25:34-40), as well 
IS the spiritual needs. 

Some of my development experi- 
ince was in Nigeria, with the work of 
Ikklesiyar Yaniiwa a Nigeria (EYN — 
he Church of the Brethren in 
>ligeria). The EYN work incorporates 
preading the gospel with health 
vork, agriculture, literacy, well-dig- 
(ing, and occupational training. I 

have worked with Habitat for Human- 
ity (long-term connection between 
Habitat chapter members and the 
recipients of houses, which can 
involve aid in finding and keeping 
jobs, or family mediation, while 
encouraging church attendance). And 
I have served with various team-ori- 
ented missions organizations. 
From these experiences has 
emerged my development philosophy. 
It can be adapted to communities in 
distant lands or to the local church 

There is a place for 

relief in situations in 

which all that is needed 

is food, clean water, or 

medicine. But in many 

parts of the world, this 

approach has failed. 

and community as well. 

• Any project that is undertaken 
needs to be clearly Christian and con- 
sistent with the teachings of Jesus in 
the New Testament. 

• If at all possible, the work in a 
community should be connected to 
the local church or a group of local 

• Those involved in witnessing to 
Christ's love in a community need to 
be committed to working at their own 
spiritual development — Bible study, 
prayer, and accountability to Christ- 
ian sisters and brothers. 

• The input and priorities of those 
who will benefit from a project or 
program must be included in the 

planning process. Without a sense of 
ownership in a project, people rarely 
stick with it very long. 

• Working with others who have 
diverse gifts and perspectives (people 
such as clergy, business people, social 
service workers, educators, and 
youth) provides a strong resource 
upon which to draw when faced with 
difficult situations. Strong coalitions 
provide a greater chance of success in 
a project. 

The present realities in our world, 
our denomination, and in our own 
lives did not simply happen. These 
current realities are the result of 
actions previously undertaken by indi- 
viduals. And as individuals, we can 
influence future realities by our 
actions now. Through repentance 
from sin, and through prayer, Bible 
study, heightened awareness of how 
our own actions affect others locally 
and globally — in scriptural terms, 
"calculating the cost" (Luke 14:28, 
NAS) — we can move forward in the 
building up of Christ's kingdom. 

As Christians and as a denomina- 
tion, we have a responsibility to "let 
(our) light shine before others, so that 
they may see (our) good works and 
give glory to (our) Father in heaven" 
(Matt. 5:16). We also are called to be 
the salt that enhances the flavor of all 
other good ingredients in the world 
that God has given to us as stewards. 
"Salt is good, but if it loses its salti- 
ness, how can it be made salty again? 
It is fit neither for the soil nor for the 
manure pile; it is thrown out. He who 
has ears to hear, let him hear' 
(Luke 14: 34-35, NIV). 


leff Boshurt, born in Nigeria, is a member of 
Lebanon (Pa.) Church of the Brethren. After 
Brethren Volunteer Service with three projects, 
he worked in development in Florida. Nigeria, 
and Haiti. He is now a graduate student at Cor- 
nell University, Ithaca, N.Y., in international 
agriculture and rural development. 

April 1997 Messenger 27 

A new d e s i g n 


or the General Board ^"-'^-''/«---^«-----/-/~-«/'--- 

about the General Board's proposed new design. 

Toward a shared vision fo 

BY Glenn R Timmons 

We are on the eve of a new century. 
The 2 1 St century brings with it a 
growing awareness of a new wave of changes 
in our society and in the church. The Infor- 
mation Age is following the Agrarian Age 
and Industrial Age. This change has implica- 
tions that the church is only beginning to 
understand and explore. 

In God's economy, the center, the locus for 
Christian ministry and mission, is still 
the congregation. This is not to say the 
congregation does not have other part- 
ners with whom to fulfill Christ's mission, 
locally and globally. But the vitality and 
health of one partner affects the effec- 
tiveness of other partners. Growing 
congregations are key to ministry and 
mission beyond our membership. Some- 
times the General Board becomes the 
extended hands and feet of the congre- 
gation around the world. At other times, 
the General Board and the denomina- 
tional partners give counsel and support, 
identify and produce resources, teach 
and train others, and help understand 
the context in which ministry occurs. 

In luly 1995, after becoming aware of 
a serious, impending financial crisis, the 
General Board began what has become 
a redesign process. Two early steps in ••••••< 

this process were the development of a 
Vision Statement (August 1995, page 1 7) that points the 
efforts of the General Board toward the congregations, and 
a guiding document called Core Functions of the General 
Board (November 1995, page 6). 

At its March meeting, the General Board was to make 
two important decisions. One would be on the 1998 
budget parameters for the new organization of the Gen- 
eral Board. By necessity, the parameters would be $2.5 
million less than they were in 1996. The recommended 
budget parameters had been set at $4.7 million. A second 
decision of the General Board would be to adopt a recom- 

28 Messenger April 1997 

mended new organizational model for itself 
While the General Board and its staff will be 
smaller than it is now, the model will includ 
all the core functions of the General Board, 
as outlined in the documents named above. 
Based upon the core functions of the Gen- 
eral Board, here are the key features of the 
new organization: 

Participate with Annual Conference in the 
discernment of God's leading, and assist 
the Church of the Brethren with 
the implementation of the work of 
the body. 

The focus is not on 

how to capture the spirit 

in the existing 


structure, place, or 

position, but on how our 

hearts can be captured so 

that the form and shape 

of ministry emerges 
within and through us. 

While the General Board is an 
administrative arm of Annual Con- 
ference, the General Board is in 
partnership with other denomina- 
tional agencies or institutions. 
Brethren Benefit Trust, Bethany 
Theological Seminary, Association 
of Brethren Caregivers, and On 
Earth Peace Assembly are a few to bi 
named with which the Board is a 
partner. A partner seldom named is 
the congregation. 

In all of these partners, the domi- 
nant model used for decision 
making is that of Robert's Rules of 
Order. While this model has served 
• ••••• the church well, this core function 

calls the General Board and Annual 
Conference, if not other agencies, to engage in a prior 
step to decision making. The call is to engage in a dis- 
cernment process, discerning God's leading of the 
church. True discernment demands of all Christians that 
God's kingdom, not oneself, be the center of concern. 

This process cannot be reduced to a simple procedure. 
Those who have worked at it faithfully would be the first 
to say they have yet to master it. It is elusive because it 
presumes the will of God. What human really knows the 
will of God? Discernment would use the tools of silence 
(rather than speaking), questions (rather than pat 

I shared ministry 

nswers), dreams and imagination (even before reason), 
'rayerful discernment would include that of putting one- 
elf in a position so as to be able to hear what God has to 
ay to us. 

Another biblical metaphor for discernment comes from 
he parable of the sower, in which our task is to clear 
hose obstacles that prevent the scattered seed from 
aking root. Discernment is seeing with sacred eyes that 
vhich God would reveal. Or as Chuck Olsen writes, "Dis- 
ernment is uncovering the decision — not making it." 

I can only imagine the difference in mood and tone of 
lur meetings and the decisions of our church council 
neetings, particularly Annual Conference, if, as people of 
aith, we engaged in prayerful discernment before, 
luring, and after decision making. Discernment would 
;et us beyond the most vocal speaker at the microphone 
ir the astute parliamentarian, to leading with the question 
if God's will, or the affect of our decision on each other. 
Discernment reminds us that decisions come out of 
lialog rather than monolog. 

Lquip the church to make faithful disciples to continue 
he work of Jesus — peacefully, simply, together — 
ocally and around the world. 

''rovide resources. A primary feature of the new organi- 
ation will be the human resources of Congregational Life 
earns. Working collaboratively with district personnel, 
he General Board staff will have as a primary function to 
ive assistance to congregations in "equipping the church 
make faithful disciples." This assistance will be shaped 
<y the needs of congregations. Each Congregational Life 
earn, located in a geographical area, will work with dis- 
rict executives in that area, bringing a variety of adaptive 
kills and technical knowledge. Consultation will be 
iffered, along with various forms of leadership training, 
"he identification of resources and networking of congre- 
ations with similar needs will be provided. It is 
ecognized that we have widely varying kinds of congre- 
ations — urban, ethnic, small membership, rural, 
uburban, to name a few. Assistance will be given that fits 
he need. 

'aithful discipleship begins by asking several questions: 

The sociological question: What is the makeup of the 
city or community that we seek to serve? What are the 
cultural trends of which we need to be aware? 

The theological question: What is our call? What is the 
mission of our congregation? What is our ministry 

The practical question: What resources do we have? 
What do we need to fulfill our mission? What structure 
will best fulfill our mission? 

Congregational Life Teams will help congregations find 
local, contextual answers to these and other questions. 

Material resources will be available through a reshaped 
Brethren Press — a combination of our current communi- 
cation and publications units, customer service, and the 
Yearbook. Curriculum options. Brethren-authored books, 
Brethren publications, and a variety of resource materials 
will be the main feature of Brethren Press. Mechanisms 
will be created to disseminate congregationally generated 
resources or other recommended materials. 

Service ministries. Service ministries provide ways for 
Brethren to act on their faith. Brethren Volunteer Service, 
youth and young adult summer workcamps, summer 
camps, Ministry Summer Service, Refugee/Disaster Ser- 
vices and material aid are hands-on options for applying 
one's faith. These primary experiences have proved to be 
formative for young people, which, with reflective leader- 
ship, become fertile ground for a call to ministry. 

Coordinate mission opportunities. For congregations, 
becoming physically, emotionally, and spiritually involved 
in mission work beyond their membership is a mark of 
vitality. Nothing is more potent than a congregation or 
group of congregations that holds a shared vision. The 
General Board will not only support the formation of such 
congregations, but will assist in the coordination of global 
mission opportunities. The coordinator of Global Mission 
Partnerships will oversee our continued work in Africa, 
Latin America, and the Caribbean. The Mission Planning 
Council, a representative body made up of General Board, 
Annual Conference, and district personnel, will discern 
the necessary level of support for ongoing and new local 

April 1997 Messenger 29 

In short, the General Board is committed to the integrity of the love of 
God and love of neighbor. Our mission reaches beyond our membership. 

and global mission initiatives of congregations. 

Facilitate a leadership development system. Leader- 
ship development is another core function of the General 
Board. The 1996 Annual Conference Ministerial Leader- 
ship Statement calls for a five-year emphasis on the 
calling, training, and support of people to pastoral min- 
istry. Through a coordinator of Ministry, a Ministry Team 
will be enlisted, which, along with districts, will develop a 
coordinated system addressing the paper's recommenda- 
tions. The Ministry Advisory Council, made up of General 
Board, district, college, and seminary representatives, will 
oversee this development and be reporting to Annual Con- 

Incorporate the unique Brethren witness. A reconfig- 
ured General Board position will be developed to resource 
and assist individuals, congregations, and districts in 
giving witness to Brethren beliefs and values. Peace, jus- 
tice, and the care of creation are a part of our core values. 
As a member of the core staff, the coordinator of Brethren 
Witness will respond to local initiatives, while keeping 
congregations informed of opportunities for the church's 
witness to address public policy. 

Model a process of fundraising. As an agent of Christian 
stewardship, the General Board will follow a holistic theol- 
ogy of stewardship that recovers the rich biblical meaning 
of stewardship. Several questions come to mind: How can 
we be immersed in these meanings that lead us to a deeper 
commitment and excitement in our congregations? What 
compelling vision, what learning experience, what reflec- 
tive leadership, what structure or processes are required to 
make the answers to these questions a part of our identity, 
while funding the mission of the church? The coordinator 
of Mission Funding, focusing on planned giving and con- 
gregational stewardship resourcing, will be developing this 

Help build community. The strength of the church's wit- 
ness comes when the body is captured by a shared vision 
and is engaged in a shared ministry. The work of the Gen- 
eral Board will be to help create an atmosphere in which 
community can be formed, in which ideas are considered, 

30 Messenger April 1997 

stories are told, dreams are dreamed, support is given ano 
received, focus is clarified, and mission is engaged. 

Administer the General Board as Christian stewards ofi 
human and physical resources. 

With its focus on congregational life, the General Board 
will assist the church in seeing that 

• the good news of Jesus Christ is told, 

• the Scriptures are taught, shaping discipleship, 

• genuine community is formed, and care is extended, 

• and Christian service is rendered, locally and globally 

In short, the General Board is committed to the integrit; 
of the love of God and love of neighbor. Our mission 
reaches beyond our membership. 

Addressing this mission always calls for the clarity of a 
shared vision, for a shared ministry. It calls for discern- 
ment before decision. It calls for empowerment, not 
control. It calls for partnership, not competition. It calls 
for a focus on mission, more than on the needs of the 
organization. The focus is not on how to capture the spirii 
in the existing denominational structure, place, or posi- 
tion, but on how our hearts can be captured so that the 
form and shape of ministry emerges within and through 
us. The focus is on how, with sacred eyes, a people with a 
particular heritage can give faithful witness to a f 

shared vision and a shared ministry. ' 

Note: Although based on the Core Functions Statement o 
the General Board, this article was written before the 
Board's March 1997 meeting. Fhus, the essential shape of 
how those functions are carried out. as well as terminology 
and titles, may be different from what is indicated in this 
article — Glenn F. Timmons 

Glenn F. Timmons is executive of the Parish Ministries Commission, 
and Administrative Council liaison to the Transition Team, which is 
implementing the new design of the General Board. 


The church is saying to people 
contemplating suicide, "Everything will 
be okay, "glossing over their serious 
request with a "smiley face." 

Suicide a rational decision? 

As a psychiatric social worlcer in the 
field of aging, I often have been faced 
with people wanting to die . . . and 
with some of them asking for help in 
dying. I have told clients that my 
Christian faith and my professional 
ethics will not allow me to kill them. 
For some who desired it, we pray for 
God to bring their death today, but if 
death did not come today, we prayed 
for God's continuing presence and 
strength. Prior to Dr. Kevorkian, 1 
have helped a client write to the Hem- 
lock society concerning suicide 

Too many "gray areas" are not 
touched by the Annual Conference 
statement and the January Messenger 
articles. Robin Wentworth Mayer's 
statement about "smiley faces" 
(January, page 26) applies here. The 
Annual Conference statement tends to 
have the church saying to people 
contemplating suicide, "Everything 
will be okay," and glossing over their 
serious request with a "smiley face." 

The church should say, instead, "We 
do not believe in assisted suicide, but 
you have the legal right to consider it." 
(Legal right and faith often differ.) 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them in 
the same spirit with which differing opinions are expressed 
in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief concise, and respectfiil of the 
) opinions of others. Preference is given to letters that respond 
I directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
1 only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We will not consider any letter that comes to us 
• unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, the 
1 writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

The church needs to continue, "We 
will be with you during your act, just 
to indicate that God's strength and 
presence are yours." 

Prior to the point of a person carry- 
ing out an assisted suicide, the church 
should say to one facing this decision, 
"You can call us and a support person 
will be available to listen to you at any 

Suicide can be a rational decision. 
People contemplating suicide are 
facing an identity crisis. They see a 
prolonged life as a destruction and 
deterioration of the self. "Advanced" 
medical technology often can prolong 
life, even while disease is destroying 
mind and body. The older people with 
whom I have worked do not fear 
death, but fear "being a burden and 
losing themselves." It does not seem 
rational that dying now with an intact 
personality, compared to dying later 
after much suffering and pain — dying 
as a "vegetable" — is best. 

Donald Flint 
Sterling Heights. Mich. 

What did Dan West mean? 

Guy Wampler, in his [anuary article on 
dying, mentions Dan West writing a 
note saying, "My life is no longer 
worth this cost." 

At no point does Wampler refer to 
the principle by which Dan West 
lived — refusing to eat pie as long as 
there were hungry people in the world. 
Dan West believed in equity, that one 
man's greed deprived another of 

Dan West died the way he lived, 
but some are not catching his mean- 
ing. In the Wampler quote, Dan West 
meant that there were better ways to 
spend money than to spend it on 

Messenger is available 
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are visually impaired. 
Each double cassette 
issue contains all articles, 
letters, and the editorial. 

Messenger-on-Tape is 

a service of volunteers for 
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with Disabilities Network 
(CPDN), a task group of 
the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers (ABC). 

Recommended donation is 
$10 (if you return the tapes 
to be recycled) or $25 (if 
you keep the tapes) . 

To receive MeSSENGER- 
ON-Tape, please send 
your name, address, 
phone number, and check 
made payable to ABC to: 


of Brethren Caregivers 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 

April 1997 Messenger 31 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting" Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to 
]oel Kauffmann, 111 Carter Road. Goshen, IN 46526. $25 for one 
time use. $10 for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 







Because You Need 

Protection You Can 

Count On 

When a fire broke out at Elkhart City 
Church of the Brethren in Elkhart, Indiana, 
many members wondered how long it would 
be before they could worship there again. 
But they were about to experience a 
wonderful surprise. 

''Mutual Aid was right there when we 
needed them," says Ted Noffsinger, who 
supervised the reconstruction. "The approach 
I saw was, 'We have a policyholder with a 
problem. Let's do what we can, as fast as we 
can, to get him back in business.'" 

If that's the protection you 'd like to experience, then 
you should know Mutual Aid Association also offers 
homeowner's insurance at very competitive rates. To 
find out more, return the bind-in card in this issue of 
Messenger, or call us now. 



Mutual Aid Association 

Church of the Brethren 

3094 Jeep Rd • Abilene, KS 67410 

Protection you can depend on from 
Brethren voii trust. Since 1885. 

him. The point was not whether he 
did or did not continue to find life 
satisfying, but that the money 
required to continue Hving was 
morally wrong to him. That's what 
Dan West meant. 

Angela Henn Ver Ploeg 
Columbus. Ohio 

When is life not viable? 

While Guy Wampler, in his January 
article on dying, was writing hypo- 
thetically, I am in the process of 
deciding how much life-sustaining 
assistance I will instruct my family 
and doctors to provide. 

Like Dan West, I have ALS, or 
Lou Gehrig's disease. Which means 
that before I die, I will be unable to 
speak, eat, move, or breathe on my 
own. Ten months after my diagnosis, 
I can't dress myself, can't walk with- 
out a walker, have difficulty 
breathing, and choke easily on food 
and fluid. 

The day I learned I had ALS, I 
gave the disease to God. Since then II 
have been content and can say with 
Paul, "I have learned, in whatever 
state I am, to be content" (Phil. 
4:11, RSV) and "I can do all things 
through him who strengthens me" 
(Phil. 4:13). 

Having said that, however, it seems 
incongruous to consider how much 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Director of Ministry 


Team development and coordination in developing a system 
to call, equip, and support people for ministenal leadership, 


Five years experience in ministry, administration, or related 


Central site preferred. 

For prompt consideration send resume and cover 
letter by May 15, 1 997 to Glenn F, Timmons 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120, 

32 Messenger April 1997 

^.^festyle, most people are 
very concerned with their 
lifestyle. This concern 
becomes more important 
as one grows older. 



c^ridgewater Retirement Community, a 46-acre retirement 
community, provides a lifestyle of convenience and comfort for those 
over 55 years of age. Its location, across the street from Bridgewater 
College, is just a short distance from area churches, banks, shops, 
grocery stores and other community businesses. Accessibility to these 
services, as well as recreational opportunities, are important aspects of 
your active lifestyle. 

rivacy and tranquility are also an integral part of your life. While 
opportunities abound for you to participate in social activities with 
your friends throughout Bridgewater Village, your new home allows 
you the privacy you desire. 

^^ur independent lifestyle is very important to you and to us. Every 
effort is made by the staff of Bridgewater Village to provide you with 
the environment and services that are necessary to maximize your 
independence — in your choice of activities, endeavors, and pursuits. 

A Christian community serving persons oj all faiths. 

It s a great place to ltT>e! 

^ox more information call 1-800-419-9129 or 1-540-828-2550 

or send coupon to: Bridgewater Retirement Community, 

315 North Second Street, Bridgewater, VA 22812 








•Over 160 spacious, 
single-family and 
cluster cottage 
homes with refund- 
able life-leases or 
monthly rental 

apartments in 
Hearthstone Manor 

•Affordable service 

•Real estate taxes 

• Maintenance staff 
and resident 
ser\ices coordinator 


provided to 


well-trained staff 
•Many opportunities 

for planned or 

individual activities 

• Two-hundred-bed 
licensed nursing 
facility with fifty- 
four adult care units 

•Personal and 
nursing care at 
Bridgewater Home. 

Applications for 
congregate living 
waiting list now 
being accepted. 


call (800) 323-80391^ ext. 247 
Ask for Vicki. 

in Pra^ 

Daily prayer guide: 

Sunday: Your congregation's ministries 

Monday: Annual Conference officers 

Tuesday: General Board and staff 

Wednesday: District executives, 

Bethany Seminary, colleges 

and university 
Thursday: General Services 

Friday: Parish Ministries 
Saturday: World Ministries 

April prayer concerns: 

Congregation: Music & worship 
committees, Sunday school growth 

Annual Conference: Moderator 
David Wine, Standing Committee 

General Board: Transition Team, 
General Board new design, interim 
general secretary Karen Peterson 
Miller, Leadership Team 

Districts and Colleges: Students 
planning fall '97 schedules, seniors 
seeking jobs, Bethany seniors await- 
ing call to a church 

General Services: Brethren Histori- 
cal Library & Archives processing 
material from retiring staff. Messen- 
ger subscriptions staff, home page 

Parish Ministries: 1997 Christian 
Citizenship Seminar, 1998 NYC 
preparations. Outdoor Ministries 

World Ministries: Dominican 
Republic ministries, Refugee/Disas- 
ter Services 

support I might want in continuing to 
live, but it is a huge consideration for 
me. When is my life no longer viable? 
If I have a feeding tube inserted, it is 
very difficult to have it removed. Do I 
have a tracheotomy or use a breathing 
machine? What is right for me and my 
As clearly as I received God's help 

the day of the diagnosis, I haven't had 
a definitive answer to these questions. 
Do we humans muddle through this 
dilemma knowing God granted us fres 
will and knowing we will receive grace 
if we try to work this through with 
dependence on him? 

Iiidy Tomloiiso) 
Warrensburg, Mo 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 


On Earth Peace Assembly 


• Accounting background 

• Experience with IBIVI computer systems, 
mailing list and donor management software 

• Full service office management skills 

Competitive salary and full benefits package. Posi- 
tion available on or about May 17, 1997. 

Send resume and cover letter by April 1 5 to: 
On Earth Peace Assembly 

P.O.Box 125 
New Windsor, MD 21776 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Director of Brethren Witness 


• Grounding in Brethren heritage, theology, and polity 

• Ability to assist people and congregations in giving voice 
and shape to Brethren beliefs, values, and witness. 


Five years experience in administration and related field 


Central site preferred. 

For prompt consideration send resume and cover 

letter by May 1 5, 1 997, to Glenn F. Timmons, 

1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Classified Ads 


Shalom Church of the Brethren, a new & growing 
fellowship in Durham, N.C., invites Brethren moving 
to Research Triangle area (Raleigh, Durham, Chapel 
Hill) to worship w/us. Eager to provide moving assis- 
tance (unloading, childcare, area info.) for those 
relocating to area. For info., contact: Fellowship, RO. 
Bo.x 15607, Durham, NC 27704. Tel. (919) 490-6422. E- 
mail, ShalomCOB(a)AOL.COM 


Travel to Annual Conference in Long Beach by air- 
conditioned coach, June 23-July 15. Visit Bethany 
Seminary; Salt Lake City; Bryce, Zion, Yosemite & other 
national parks. For info, write to J. Kenneth Kreider, 
1300 Sheaffer Rd., Eiizabethtown, FA 17022. 

European Heritage Tour, July 12-26, 1997. Visit scenic 
sites of Anabaptist, Pietist, & Brethren significance in 
Switzerland, France, Germany, & Netherlands. Spon- 
sored by Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc., & Brethren 
Historical Committee. J2,490 from New York (JFIQ. For 
complete brochure, contact Don Durnbaugh, RO.B. 
484, James Creek, PA 16657, Tel./fax (814) 658-3222. 

China adventure featuring Yangtze River cruise, Aug. 

4-19, 1997. («,189) Visit Narita in Japan. Shanghaii 
Wuhan, Shashi, Badong, Wanxian, Chongquing, Xian in 
China. Travel on cruise ship on Yangtze River stopping 
at various cities & ports. In Beijing, walk the largesi 
"wonder of the world"— the Great Wall of China. Alsoi 
visit Tian'Anmen Square, & much more. Wendell & Joar' 
Bohrer invite you to share this great experience w,. 
them. For info. & brochure, write; 8520 Royal Meadow 
Dr, Indianapolis, IN 46217. Tel. or fax (317) 882-5067.' 


Youth director for Mount Hermon Church of the 
Brethren, Bassett, Va. Expectations: exp. in church 
related activities; Brethren background; mature Chris- 
tian; teach 3 Suns, a mo.; handle Wed. night programi 
Christmas program, & Youth Sun.; attend Brethren 
youth meetings in district and brotherhood; work with 
nurture comm. Hours & salary to be negotiated. Con-! 
tact: Alma Randall, 8291 Fairystone Park Hwy., Bassett, 
VA 24055. Or tel. church: (540) 629-7163. 

Church secretary for Manchester Church of the 
Brethren, North Manchester, Ind. Full-time. Computet 
work, receptionist, adm. duties. Should have acquain- 
tance with & respect for Church of die Brethren. Send 
resume to Andrew Rich, 606 N. Mill St., North Man- 
chester, IN 46962. 

34 Messenger April 1997 

ruriiiiig Points 


^otc: Congregations are asked 
o submit only the names of 
ictual new members of the 
ienomination. Do not include 
lames of people who have 
nerely transferred their mem- 
lership from another Church of 
he Brethren congregation. 

Vnnville, Atl. N.E.: Clifford & 
Lucy Alwine, Ivy Alwine, 
Biir&TessWathen. lanelle 
Wampler. Ryan Weaver 

Jear Creek, S. Ohio: Matthew 
Fahrnbach, Ryan Eichel- 
bcrcr, Gay Shock 

Jeaver Creek, S. Ohio: Lisa 

$oones Mill, VirHna: lane & 
Alvin Burgess 

Bradford, S. Ohio: Larry & 
Nancy Szilagyi, Karen 
Hauck, Steve & Sharon 

Cape Coral, AtL S.E.: A1& 
Abby Favicchia, Doug & 
Gerry Tussey. Tom & Bar- 
bara Kapla 

Carlisle, S. Pa.: Bob & Millie 
Smith, [ohn & Ethel Price. 
Nancy Andrews 

Chambersburg, S. Pa.: Don & 
Ann Baker. Bill & Missy 
Green, Audra Miller. Vivian 
Fisher, Robert & Kim 
Frazer, David Kreiger 

Cherry Lane, Mid. Pa.: Violet 
Pittman, Howard & Mildred 
FIcegle, Travis Smith 

Community, Pac. S.W.: Mil- 
dred Trader. Shawn 
Montgomery, Andrea & 
Erika Celedon 

Dayton, Shen: Walter & Fonda 
Erdman. lames & Dorothy 
Bryant. Melvin & Betty Lou 

Oeshler, N. Ohio: )ames 
Echman, Andrew Meeks. 
Timothy Meeks, Tyler 

Ferrum, Virlina: Terri Hol- 

Florin, Atl. N.E.: Desiree 
Mertz. Lauren Hostetter. 
Michael Bridgman, Lindsey 

Freeport, 111. /Wis.: Donna 
Lizer; ludith, David. Dan. 
& loe McGlothlin 

^reen Tree, Atl. N.E.: lustin 
Clark, Tracy Custer, Sharon 
McClain, Shawn O'Neil, 
Laurie Pavone. Casey 
Slinkard, lustin Watkins 

Highland Ave, 111. /Wis.: Ron 
Parrott, Jennifer Myers. 
Amy Feliciano, Rick Patzek, 
Sue Novonty 

Hollidaysburg. Mid. Pa.: 
Keith Eldred. Fred 

La Verne, Pac. S.W.: Marie 
Blackstone. Michael Blick- 
enstaff. Ethel Cripe. Melissa 
Elcral. Scott Frick, Paige 
Hanawalt, Margie Himes, 
Valri Jacobs Adam Sjol. 
Andy & jeanine Veje 

■Lancaster, Atl. N.E.: Sharon 
Armstrong, Stephanie 

Auchey. Cindy Carter. 
Cathy Eckman, Deb Eide- 
miller, Nancy Eckert; 
Gwen, lames, lennifer, & 
Ralph Martin, lames 
Stuckey. Esther Thomasco 

Lima, N. Ohio: Robyn Botkin. 
Beth Lozzio, lustin Martin. 
Carmen Miller, Dave & 
Patty Trusty. Al & Lori Sul- 
livan, Lucille Stumbaugh 

Linville Creek, Shen.: Lisa 
Derrow. Barbara Glee, 
Dave & Paula Kyger, Eldon 
Layman. Betty Lohr, Ben & 
lanet May. |erry Rainey, 
Marvin Showalter 

Logansport, S/C. Ind.: Kayla 

Maple Grove, N. Ohio: 
Sharon Duncan. Helen 
Eagle, Lin Keener, Shirley 
Benner, Lawrence & Susan 
Benner, Amy Horn, Jackie 

Maple Springs, W. Marva: iiil 
Hauser, David Sisler. 
Nicole & Lindsey Teets, 
Robert Harsh 

Mcpherson, W. Plains: Donna 
& George Becker. Anne 

Middlebury, N. Ind.: Tim & 
Deb Barwick. Chuck & 
Beth Bender, |ulie Bon- 
trager; Coieen Carney. Lyle. 
& Glenda Case. Orpha & 
Forrest Flynn, Randy & 
Michelle Grewe. Michael 
Lee. Tim & Diane Lund, 
LeRoy & Mabel Nisley, 
Galen & Toni Pauls. 
Charissa Pauls, Reg & Vicki 
Platz. Greg Puckett, Glenn 
& Vicki Raber, Phil & Jean- 
nine Tom, Brian & Kari 
Wrightsman, Darnell Zook 

Mohican, N. Ohio: Brian & 
Tammi Horst, Brian & Bon- 
Janette Koontz, Craig & 
Jennifer Tavanello, Ben 

Myersville, Mid. Atl.: Melvin 

Naperviile, 111. /Wis.: Alwin & 
Twinkle Christian; Shirin, 
Chirage, Hamilton. & Rash- 
min Christian; David. 
Suhasini, Glen. & Jennifer 
Das. Rita Khristy; Pravin, 
Ramila, & Paritosh Patel, 
William Thomas. Rachel 

Oakland, S. Ohio: Gretchen 
& Mark Davis. Wavelene 
Denniston. Lindsay Dona- 
dio, Connie Ernst, Mitchell 
Etter, Judy & Keith Fas- 
nacht, |im & Sharon Fetter, 
Steve Garber, Nan & Steve 
Hottle, Lita & Ty House, 
Kathy & Tom Jeffries, 
Becky & Kevin Jenkinson, 
Mike & Sharon Lehman. 
Dan & Raney Nord. 
Richard Shafer. Jennifer 
Stickiey; Alyssa, Donna. 
Gary. & Rachael Wagner 

Panora, N. Plains: Carla 

Knapp. Jessica Blome, fason 
& Debi West. Dennis & 
Darlene Arnold, Dick & 
Nedra Justice, Dick & 
Karen Doubleday. |erry & 

Mary Evelsizer, Terry & 
Linda Hatfield; Marsha, 
Stacy, Mandy. & Shane 
Pote, Beth Ferree, Hillory 
Wofford. Gloria Searcy 

Pittsburgh, W. Pa.: Marcia 
Webb. Barbara Oxenreider 

Pomona Fellowship, Pac. 
S.W.: Mindy Schimmel 

Ridgeway, Atl. N.E.: Ellen & 
Karen Ditmer 

Salem, S. Ohio: Ryan McCIel- 
lan, Pam Feffey; James, 
Tyner, Kellan & Sue 
Wampler. Janett Wilges 

Sugar Valley, S. Pa.: Scott & 
Bonnie Owens. |ohn 
Underkoffler. Clint & 
Nicole Weaver, Justine 

Union Center, N. Ind.: Bud & 
Ruby Etsinger, Sr., Andy 
Flickinger, Robert Gluck; 
Anitra, April, & Addi Pot- 
tenger, Jeri Yoder 

Valley Pike, Shen.: Joshua & 
Sarah Bauserman, Aaron 
Bowers. Michea! 
Gochenour. Jonalhon 

Virden, Ill./Wis.: Rhonda 
Cunningham. Lynn Jones. 
Timothy |ones, Robert 
Shroyer. Rita Werner, 

Walnut Grove, W. Pa.: Violet 
Berkebile. Ronald Brown. 
Nichole Shutz 

Waynesboro, S. Pa.: Stephen 
& Genovieva Beattie, Susan 
East, Sabine Renner 

West Goshen, N. Ind.: 
Kristina Miller, Justin 
Stutsman. Clint Culp, Lisa 
Sue Kamp 

224th BVS Orienta- 
tion Unit 

(Completed orientation in 
Orlando, Fla., Feb. 7. 1997) 

Albert, Charles, from Warsaw, 
Ind.. to World Friendship 
Center, Nishi-ku 
Hiroshima, lapan 

Albert, Mary Ann, from 
Warsaw, Ind., to World 
Friendship Center, Nishi-ku 
Hiroshima, lapan 

Altic, Leslie, from Richmond 
Va., to Casa de Esperanza 
de los Ninos, Houston, 

Bryant, Curtis, from Ander- 
son, Ind., to Trees for Life, 
Wichita. Kan. 

Buttner, Tilman, from Soltau, 
Germany, to Camphill Vil- 
lage, Copake, N.Y. 

Dankovic, Sladana, from 
Yugoslavia, to Community 
Family Life Services, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Durnbaugh, Aaron, from 
Elgin, III., to Washington 
City Church of the Brethren 
Soup Kitchen, Washington. 

Hcb, Natascha, from Welle, 
Germany, to Cafe 458, 
Decatur, Ga. 

Jarvis, Katie, from Char- 
lottesville, Va.. to 

Bridgeway. Lakewood, 

Kreider, Angle, from Paradise, 

Pa., to Camp Courageous, 

Monticello, Iowa 
Larick, lason, from La Verne, 

Calf, to The Palms. 

Sebring, Fla. 
Laudermilch, |oe, from Har- 

risburg. Pa., to Westside 

Food Bank, Sun City, Ariz. 
Martin, Mike, from Upland, 

Calif, to Cafe 458, 

Decatur, Ga. 
McCarthy, Mike, from Betten- 

dorf, Iowa, to Proyecto 

Libertad, Harlingen, Texas 
Moreau, Julie, from Taunton, 

Mass.. to Inspiration Cafe, 

Chicago, III. 
Neher, Anya, from Aptos, 

Calif., to Proyecto Libertad, 

Harlingen, Texas 
Nicolaisen, Ole, from Ham- 
burg, Germany, to Su Casa 

Catholic Worker, Chicago, 

Smith, |en, from Philadelphia, 

Pa., to Kilcranny House, 

Northern Ireland 
Van Order, Beth, from York, 

Pa., to Comfort House, 

McAllen, Texas 


Boyd, Mary, from Sebring, Atl. 
S.E., to Venice, Atl. S.E. 

Braun, |ohn, from other 
denomination to Olympic 
View, Ore. /Wash. 

Diamond, Douglas, from sec- 
ular to Hooversville, W. Pa. 

Glover, Irving, from Shalom 
Fellowship, Virlina, to 
Mount Bethel, Virlina 

Gresh, Kenneth, froin Arcadia, 
S/C Ind.. to Dunnings 
Creek, Mid. Pa. 

Hammel, Daniel, from Maple 
Springs, W. Marva. to 
Raven Run. Mid. Pa. 

Hufford, Lisa, from seminary 
to Nappanee. N. Ind. 

Kaucher, Howard, from retire- 
ment to Schuylkill, Atl. N.E. 

Kensinger, Janice, from assoc. 
district executive to Faith 
Community Brethren 
Home, S. Pa. 

Konopinski, Tom, from secu- 
lar to Pleasant Valley, N. 

McKellip, David, from 
Moreno Valley, Pac. S.W., 
to Mountain View. Idaho 

Mosorjak, Gary, from secular 
to Locust Grove, W. Pa. 

Riley, Richard, from secular to 
Frostburg, W. Marva 

Sink, Barry, from Moorefield. 
W Marva, to Mount 
Hermon, Virlina 

Smith, Leonard, from other 
denomination to Rouzervile, 
S. Pa. 

Spire, Sam, from seminary to 
New Enterprise, Mid. Pa. 

Stevens, Rahn. from Moreno 
Valley, Pac. S.W.. to Prairie 
View, W. Plains 


Abraham, Mary, licensed Oct. 

26. 1996, Messiah, 

Mo. /Ark. 
Beckncr, Dennis A., licensed 

Nov. 16, 1996, Manchester, 

S/C Ind. 
Biddle, lames C. licensed Feb. 

7, 1996, Black Rock. S. Pa. 
Brolhcrton, Bob, ordained 

May 18, 1991, Midway. 

Brush, lonathon, licensed |an. 

18, 1997, Manassas, Mid. 

Campbell, Harold, ordained 

lune 1996, Staunton, Shen. 
Carrasco, Fausto, licensed 

May I I, 1996, Rio Prito, 

Atl. S.E. 
Chinworth, lames H., 

ordained May 18, 1996, 

Mountville, Atl. N.E. 
Courtney, Steven Lee. licensed 

July 8, 1996, Sunnyside, W. 

Dahlbert, Nancy Lee, 

ordained Nov. I I. 1996, 

York First, S. Pa. 
DiSalvio, Robert S., licensed 

Ian. 7, 1997, Amwell, Atl. 

Farquharson, J. Keith, licened 

Aug. 2, 1996, Olathe, W. 

Guthrie, Donald, ordained 

Feb. 27. 1996, Bethel-Kee- 

zletown, Shen. 
Hershberger, Ronald, 

ordained |an. 29. 1997, 

Sugar Valley, S. Pa. 
Hess, Donald E., licensed 

Sept. 14, 1996, Oakton, 

Mid. Atl. 
Houff, Marlin D., ordained 

Nov. 2, 1996, Palmvra, Atl. 

Houser, Barry, licensed Oct. 

8. 1996, N. Liberty, N. Ind. 
Hufford. Lisa, licensed Dec. 

7. 1996, Nappanee, N. Ind. 
lones, Gregory L., licensed 

Dec. 4. 1996, Shippens- 

burg. S. Pa. 
King, Kevin Daniel, licensed 

May 1993, Orlando Com- 
munity. Atl. S.E, 
Knepper, Craig A., licensed 

Sept. 14. 1996. Westmont, 

W. Pa. 
Konopinski, Tom, licensed, 

Oct. 8, 1996, Pleasant 

Valley. N. Ind. 
Laue, Ron, licensed Aug. 2. 

1996, Northern Colorado, 

W. Plains 
McAdams, Ronald L.. 

ordained Oct. 26, 1996, 

Middle District, S. Ohio 
Rediger, Anita, licensed Oct. 

8, 1996. Yellow Creek, N. 

Reese, Sherry Lynn, ordained 

Aug. 3, 1996, Beacon 

Heights, N. Ind. 
Reinhold. Charles H., licensed 

Sept. 14, 1996, Flower Hill, 

Mid. Atl. 
Reininger, Linda L., ordained 

Aug. 2, 1996. NantyGlo, 

W. Pa. 

April 1997 Messenger 35 


To live the old, old story 

recognized, Alexander 
Mack replied, "By the 

In an Elgin restaurant, I bumped into a little group of 
out-of-town Brethren the other day, and as we chat- 
ted I mentioned that I had just received a letter from 
Don Snider. "What's Don up to these days?" one of the 
group asked. "He's busy being Don Snider," I 
responded. Everyone knew what I meant. 

Don is 81 years old now. I remember him as a name in 
The Gospel Messenger, when I was a callow youth and he 
was national youth director. I remember him from a 
week at New Windsor in the mid-1960s, when he was 
director of Brethren Volunteer Service 
training and 1 was a guest leader. And 
I remember him from the late 1970s, 
when he was our associate pastor here 
in Elgin, 111. 

In his letter to me, Don told about one 
of the congregations he pastored singing 
"I Love to Tell the Story." Don peeked 

and noted that everyone was singing, but manner OJ their Uving. 
a "rebel thought" intruded itself into his 
brain: "Who is out there telling the story? Are we doing 
what we sing?" Another thought came hard on the heels of 
the first: "Change one word, and we could sing this song 
more truthfully. Change it to 'I Love to Live the Story.'" 

That's what keeps Don Snider busy — providing the 
rest of us with provocative ideas. 

Do we love to live the story? That's really what Chris- 
tianity amounts to, isn't it? Go back to |esus himself. 
How busy he stayed, living the story. One of my favorite 
gospel passages tells of fesus giving sight to the man 
born blind (John 9). The exchanges between the man and 
the Pharisees are the part that charms me. To the Phar- 
isees' insistence that Jesus is a sinner, the man says, "I 
do not know whether he is a sinner. One thing I do 
know, that though I was blind, now I see." Jesus got 
wind that the Jews had run the impudent man off, and he 
looked him up to see how things were going. Because of 
Jesus' healing and caring, the man said to him, "Lord, I 
believe." Jesus lived the gospel for that man. 

Do we love to live the story? Go back to Alexander 
Mack, a founder of the Church of the Brethren. Right 
after the Eder River baptisms in 1 708, one of Mack's 
neighbors asked him, "How will we be able to tell the 
Brethren from anybody else?" Mack replied, "By the 
manner of their living." Alexander Mack figured that 
living the story would make all the difference. 

Do we love to live the story? Just a few weeks after my 
wife and I arrived as missionaries in Nigeria, she noticed 
that the little ragamuffin we had hired as our "yard boy" 
was limping around with a badly infected toe, wrapped in 
a dirty homemade bandage. She doctored on that toe for 

a couple of weeks, daily cleaning it, applying medicine, 
and putting on a fresh bandage. That was over 30 years 
ago. But that Nigerian has never written us without men 
tioning the sore toe episode. It wasn't the saving of his 
toe that most impressed him; it was my wife's gesture of 
kindness. "Why did she care so much?" he still wonders. 
Do we love to live the story? I had a wonderful English 
teacher and mentor in high school — Ethel Stone 
Koger — a good Brethren woman who, by the manner of 
her living, and by her belief in her students, challenged 
. / / / / them to do their best in life ... to live 

When asked how the the story. There is a host of Brethren 

T) J 11 1 leaders today who arise up and call ■ 

nretnren could Oe ^gj. blessed. But don't take my word 

for it; ask the president of Bridgewa- 
ter College — another of her proteges. 

A teacher of the old school, Mrs. 
Koger had us commit to memory 
numerous selections of poetry. One 
that stuck by me was Longfellow's 
"Psalm of Life." It seemed to be a statement of Mrs. 
Roger's principles for living, and having us get the poem 
by heart was a subtle suggestion from her. 

wo Longfellow lines came to mind as I worked 
with Ryan Ahlgrim's article in this issue — "Goini 
to Galilee": 

; But to act that each tomorrow 

Finds us farther than today. 

Ahlgrim likens our faith journey — our living the 
story — to going to Galilee to meet Jesus. On the way we 
walk together with others, sharing each other's load, 
making the way lighter and richer for each other. 

Thus, the lives of others — their living of the story — 
remind us 

We can make our lives sublime. 
And, departing, leave behind us 
Footprints on the sands of time. 

And who was that group of out-of-town Brethren that I 
mentioned earlier, and what was it doing here in Elgin? It 
was folks from Mount Morris Church of the Brethren, out 
west of here. They come in every month to volunteer their 
time stuffing envelopes for the mass mailings that go out 
from the General Offices. They save us thousands of dol- 
lars. Been doing it for years . . . living the story. — K.T. 

36 Messenger April 1997 

ne Bretnren Homes oi tne Atlantic Northeast District. 
Freeaom To Live Your Lire On Your Terms. 


Your lire, your dreams, your 
hopes, your home. These are hre's 
important things. The retirement 
communities or the Brethren 
Homes orrer a mil range or living 
accomodations to suit your lirestyle 
and your needs. All are located m 
the beautiful southeastern region 
or Pennsylvania, with easy access 
to major metropolitan areas, 
vacation sights, shopping centers 
and tourist attractions. 

• Pennsylvania Association or Non-Prorit 
Homes for tke Aging (PANPHA) 

• American Association of Homes ana 
Services for tlie Aging (AAHSA) 


\^-ntiiiy ('/ i^cmiuitnu'nt 
3001 LltitzPike 

P.O. Box 5093 

Lancaster, PA 17603 

(717) 569-2657 

Lebanon \&lley 
Brethren Home 

1200 Grubt Street 
Palmyra, PA 17078 

(717) 838-5406 





SOO Maple Avenuu 
Harleysville, PA 194 38 

(215) 256-9601 

Join Brethren Press 
in celebrating 100 years 

of publishing in the 
Church of the Brethren 

' For This Day, a 16-page historical overview of the 
Church of the Brethren's publishing house. 
Distributed this spring and summer to pastors and 
Annual Conference delegates. Additional copies 
available from Brethren Press for $3. 

' The Story Behind the Touch of the Master's Hand, 
a gift-sized book that tells the inspiring story of 
Myra Brooks Welch, the poet behind the poem. 
Available July 1997. 

' Preaching in a Tavern and 129 Other Surprising 
Stories from Brethren Life, by Kenneth I. Morse. 
Little-known anecdotes from Brethren history. 
Available July 1997. 

• The Brethren Press Breakfast at Annual 
Conference, featuring "Pages from the Family 
Album," an audiovisual presentation with stories 
of personalities from Brethren Press history. 
Thursday, July 3, 1997, 7:30 a.m.. Long Beach, 
Calif. Tickets are $9 each from the Annual 
Conference Office or from Brethren Press. 

• An Annual Conference display by Kermon 
Thomasson that tells the publishing house's 
history through graphics and words. July 1-5, 
1997, Long Beach, Calif. 

• An exhibit at the Elgin Historical Museum in 
downtown, Elgin, 111., featuring artifacts from 
the former printing operation. 

February 5-May 1, 1997. 

Brethren Press* 

Brethren Press (800) 323-8039 Customer Service (800) 441-3712 

Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 

On the cover: 
The Brethren 
moved to 
California early on, first to 
mine gold, and then to save 
souls. David B. EUer tells the 
story of a soul-saver, George 
Wolfe III (page 12) 



From the Editor 


In Touch 


Close to Home 




In Brief 


Stepping Stones 


Pontius' Puddle 




Partners in Prayer 


Turning Points 




10 Long Beach '97 

Nevin Dulabaum and Paula Wilding present 
Annual Conference information useful to 
California-bound Brethren this June. 

12 George Wolfe III and the 'Church 
of California' 

Historian David B. EUer tells how a 
Brethren pioneer in the Gold Rush days 
founded churches in California that became 
at odds with the Brethren back east. 

17 The Nuer Bible project: Tackling 
the hard part 

Producing the Scriptures in a vernacular 
language never before written down is the 
easy part, writes Esther F. Boleyn. The 
project is now into the hard part. 

18 For the General Board, a dramatic 
shift in focus 

In the third installment of a series on the 
restructuring of the General Board, Nevin 
Dulabaum explains how everything comes 

20 Could we afford another Pentecost? 

Heaven help us if Pentecost should come 
again! Alan Kieffaber counts well the cost. 

23 Money matters 

Sure, it matters, says Robert E. Alley. 
Money mattered to Jesus, and it matters to 
us today. Most importantly, it matters to 
the heart. 

How to reach us 


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If you move, clip address label 
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Messenger Subscriptions, at 
the above address. AUow at least 
five weeks for address change. 

Coming next month 

A cluster of articles on 
Brethren peace-making and 

District Messenger representatives: Atl. N.E., Ron 
Lutz; Atl. S.E., Ruby Raymer; lll./Wis., Kreston Lipscomb; 
S/C Ind., Marjorie Miller; Mich., Ken Good; Mid-Atl., 
Ann Fouls; Mo./Ark., Luci Landes; N. Plains, Frances 
Merkey; N. Ohio, Alice L. Driver; S. Ohio, Jack Kline; 
Ore./Wash,, Maiguerite Shamberger; Pac. SM, Randy 
Miller; M. Pa., Eva Wampler; S. Pa., Elmer Q. Gleim; 
W. Pa., Jay Christner; Shen., Tim Harvey; S.E., Donna 
Shumate; S. Plains, Mary Ann Dell; Vitlina, Jerry Naff; 
VK Plains, Dean Hummer; W Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter Aug. 
20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct, 17,1917. 
Filing date, Nov 1, 1984. Member of the Associated 
Church Press. Subscriber to Religion News Service 
& Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical quotations, 
unless otherwise indicated, are from the New Revised 
Standard Version. Messenger is owned and published 
1 1 limes a year by the General Services Commission, 
Church of the Brethren General Board. Second-class 
postage paid at Elgin, III., and at additional mailing 
office, Feb. 1997. Copyright 1997, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
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Printed on recycled paper 

David B. Eller in the flesh first established himself in my 
awareness when he became a member of the General 
Board in 1983. Before that, he had been for me only the 
name of a young Brethren historian. Beyond his amiability, 
he drew me to him as a fellow native of that part of Virginia 
from Roanoke on south. David was not like the fellow who, 
the other day, spoke of my being drawn back to the 
"Shenandoah Valley." When I hastened to point out that 
actually I was from south of Roanoke, 
he shrugged. When 1 testily elabo- 
rated, "That's a world and culture 
distinctly different from the valley," 
he shrugged again. Yet this fellow is 
from Lancaster County, Pa., and so 
certainly ought to appreciate cultural 
and geographical differences. 

Then there was David's immersion 
in Brethren history. Being a history 
buff, 1 admired and envied his schol- 
arship. Although a Virginian (from 
Roanoke, understand), David had 
earned his Ph.D. in a study of 
"Brethren in the Ohio Valley, 1 790- 
1850." But that was okay, since 
Brethren preacher Jacob Miller from 
Franklin County, Va., (in David's and my area) was an 
early and important Ohio pioneer church founder. 

1 arranged for David to write a Messenger article on Illi- 
nois pioneer preacher George Wolfe II, as background for 
our holding the 1984 Annual Conference in southern Illi- 
nois, at Carbondale. I was surprised to have David say this 
was his very first Messenger article. I said I would have to 
do something about that record. And I have. 

As we previewed the 1987 Annual Conference in Cincin- 
nati, we ran David's "Peter Hon and the 'Kentucky 
Dunkards'." For last year's return to Cincinnati, I asked 
David for another backgrounder; he wrote "Brethren in the 
Land of the Miamis." Then David seized the initiative from 
me. He said, "Kermon, since next year's Conference will be 
held in Long Beach, how about an article on George Wolfe 
III, the founder of the 'Church of California'?" I was 
delighted to oblige him, as our story on page 12 demon- 

Historian David Eller 

served as book editor 
for Brethren Press, 
1 984-1 988. He now 
serves as executive 
director and publisher 
for the Sivedenborg 
Foundation. West 
Chester. Pa. 

May 1997 Messenger 1 



Breakthrough in Cincinnati seeing with the heartt 

Brian and Mim 

Hartman had things 

on their mind besides 

the business agenda 

when they attended 

Conference in 


Brian Hartman planned for more relaxation at Annual 
Conference in Cincinnati last summer. He had customar- 
ily gone to Conference as a delegate, but this year he had 
decided just to free-float and to sing in the choir. It 
changed his life. 

At the first choir rehearsal, he heard 
someone call his name. It was Miriam 
("Mim") Mast, an acquaintance from 
Nappanee, Ind. A couple of evenings 
later, Mim invited Brian out for sun- 
daes. Eventually they walked down to 
the river to watch the Fourth of July 
fireworks. Apparently, there were other 
fireworks as well. Two hours later, 
Brian and Mim were still standing on a 
river bridge, watching the lordly Ohio 
flow by. They talked some, too. 

For the rest of the week, little notes 
went back and forth on the Conference 
message board. Brian and Mim 
attended Saturday night's Glad concert 
together. Afterward, they strolled up to 
Fountain Square. Eventually they 
strolled some more. Dawn found them 
once again watching the lordly Ohio 
flow by. 

The rest can be guessed. Brian and 
Mim were married December 21. Where did they honey- 
moon? In Cincinnati. And the special music at their 
wedding? A Glad number from the concert: "Your Love 
Broke Through." 

These newlyweds from Nappanee Church of the 
Brethren are looking forward to Annual Conference in 
Long Beach. But, somehow, they don't expect the experi- 
ence there to be as life-changing as Cincinnati '96. 

l^ong Beach lovebirds 

Eva and Dale 

Wampler will have 

special memories as 

they attend Conference 

in Long Beach this summer 

Another couple looking forward to Long 
Beach (see preceding story) are Dale and 
Eva Wampler, members of Stone Church 
of the Brethren in Huntingdon, Pa. They 
met at older youth activity after an 
evening worship service at Annual Confer- 
ence in Long Beach in 1961. 

They were married a year later and hon- 
eymooned at Annual Conference in 
Ocean Grove, N.L Since then, they have 
attended 1 7 Annual Conferences. And, 
yes, they will celebrate their 35th wedding 
anniversary at Long Beach this summer. 

Pamela Brown, a member 
of Happy Corner Church 
of the Brethren in Clayton, 
Ohio, has second sight . . . 
not that she is clairvoyant. 

One day she observed a 
clean-cut family in a 
restaurant. She thought, 
"What a nice family." But 
she changed her mind 
when the father kicked his 
fidgety little son and made 
him cry; the father denied 
what he had done, so the 
mother slapped the boy. 

The next day, Pam 
observed another family, 
scruffy and apparently 
lower-class. The long- 
haired father projected the 
stereotype of the macho 
motorcyclist: leather 
jacket, boots, and wallet 
with requisite chain. Pam 
recoiled, as did other 
diners. But the couple drew 
pictures with their chil- 
dren, hugged them, told 
them they loved them, and 
laughed a lot. They said a 
prayer over their meal. 

At that point, Pam says, 
she heard a voice: "Judge 
not that ye be not judged" 
(Matt. 7:1, KJV). Now she 
tries to see with more than 
her eyes. 

Her resolve was height- f 
ened by an incident L 

involving her 18-year-old [ 
son, John, who has Down'sjj 
syndrome. Pam had been 
bothered and embarrassed 
by John' penchant for hug- 
ging people. Recently, in a 
pizza parlor, a man 
approached John and Pam 
and offered to buy them 
whatever they wanted to 
eat. Pam declined. When 
Pam's parents came in to 

2 Messenger May 1997 

oin John and her, and 
rdered drinks, the same 
lan jumped up and offered 
3 pay for them. 
After the meal, lohn ran 
ver and hugged the 
tranger. "I wanted the 
oor to open up and swal- 
)w me," Pam says. Then 
he saw that the stranger 
nd another man at his 
able were crying. The 
3cond man asked |ohn for 

The mystery was solved 
'hen the pair explained 
lat they had just lost a 
ister with Down's Syn- 
rome. Reaching out to 
ohn helped them deal with 
leir grief. 

"I now look at people 
with my heart as well as 
with my eyes," Pam says. "I 
let God direct me instead of 
letting society dictate to me 
what it thinks is right and 

With her new organ of 
sight, Pam cherishes the 
admonition of Luke 
6:37-38: "Do not judge, 
and you will not be judged; 
do not condemn, and you 
will not be condemned. 
Forgive, and you will be 
forgiven; give, and it will be 
given to you." 

Adapted from an article by 
Pamela Brown in Happy Corner 
church's newsletter, Good News. 

ihelly Hendricks helped pull several teeth in Nicaragua. 

lands-on in Nicaragua 

I short stint in the remote 
•Jicaraguan village of 
J4ulukuku was an eye- 
I'pener for Shelly 
Hendricks, a member of 
.one Star Church of the 
irethren in Lawrence, 
,^an,, and a McPherson 
-ollege student. 
Part of a 30-member 
3am, Shelly went to 

Nicaragua in January with 
other students, doctors, 
dentists, and nurses to 
staff a visiting clinic spon- 
sored by Manchester 

Speaking about her expe- 
rience, Shelly said, "It 
brought cultural awareness 
and an appreciation for 
things we have here in the 
US." The students per- 
formed many tasks, such as 

taking blood pressure 
and giving shots. Shelly 
also pulled teeth, per- 
formed pap smears, and 
cared for sick babies. 
Everything was done 
under conditions primitive 
by US standards. 

"I may or may not go 
into medicine," Shelly 
said. "But I found out I 
have an interest in working 
with children, and I would 
not have known that with- 
out this Nicaraguan 

Home to Puerto Rico 

Gil Claudio was growing 
up in Castaner, PR., in the 
early 1940s when Brethren 
working there in Civilian 
Public Service were 

Methodist church in the 
Painesville, Ohio, District. 

Last November he 
headed an ecumenical 
workcamp whose project 
was installing a cyclone 
fence behind the Castaiier 
church. Claire and Ray- 
mond Hartsough from 
Pine Creek Church of the 
Brethren in North Liberty, 
Ind., were Brethren partici- 
pants. Castaiier members 
worked with the stateside 

One source of satisfac- 
tion for Gil was bringing 
along his 9-year-old grand- 
daughter, Megan Betteley, 
to connect her with her 
Puerto Rican roots. 

Planning is underway for 
a follow-up work project to 
repair a hurricane-damaged 
roof at Rio Prieto Church 
of the Brethren. 

Gil Claudio (right with friend Alberto Gonzalez) took his 
granddaughter Megan Betteley (left front) to Puerto Rico to 
connect her to their family roots. Also along were Claire 
and Raymond Hartsough (left back and center front). 

putting down the roots of 
Castafier Church of the 
Brethren. Gil is now coor- 
dinator of Volunteers in 
Mission for the United 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we ivould 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

May 1997 Messenger 3 

A landscape change 

gation was looking for. "I 
don't want to have to pick 
For years, Brethren visitors to the mother church at Ger- up the phone and say, 'I 
mantown in Philadelphia, Pa., have been concerned about can't help you,'" he says, 
the boarded-up building across the street, notorious as a "I want to be able to say, 

crack house. Now, through the work of the Germantown 'We can.'" 
congregation (pastored by Richard Kyerematen) and other 

Germantown has 

gotten rid of this 

eyesore across the 

street from the 


community leaders, the eyesore is gone and an adjacent 
vacant building is being renovated for subsidized housing. 

The General Board made a no-interest loan to the 
Greater Germantown Housing Development Corporation 
to encourage positive action. 

We say, "We can." 

fim Baker, pastor of Indi- 
ana (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren is president of a 
new ecumenical agency in 
his community called Faith 
into Action. The group — a 
network of congregations, 
human service agencies, 
and community members — 
provides help for people 
who usually fall through 
the cracks of local, state, 
and federal programs. The 
group's resources, aug- 
mented by a recently 
acquired grant of $25,000 

from the Robert Wood 
Johnson Foundation, are 
focused on helping frail, 
elderly, and disabled 
people maintain their inde- 
pendence. Among the 
helpful services that Faith 
into Action provides are 
transportation to the 
doctor's office or grocery 
store, help with household 
chores, and maintenance 
and repair work. 

When lim Baker received 
an initial inquiry testing 
the feasibility of such a 
program, he was excited. It 
was just what his congre- 

Peace Studies: 25 years 

Bethany Theological Semi 
nary's Peace Studies j 

Program began 25 years I 
ago with the offering of a 
Master of Arts degree 
focusing on peace studies. 
The Baker Peace Fund, 
endowed in 1980 with a i 
generous gift by |ohn and i 
Elizabeth Baker, has helpec 
broaden the scope of the 
program. Bethany professo 
Dale Brown, now 
retired, was a guid- 
ing force through 
the years. 

In 1994, profes- 
sor Jeff Bach 
became director of 
the Peace Studies 
Program. With the 
seminary now in 
Richmond, Ind., 
there is close coop- 
eration with 
Earlham School of 
Religion. The pro- 
gram makes the 
Brethren peace wit- 
ness more integral to the 
seminary's curriculum. 
Students are prepared for 
peacemaking careers and 
pastoral ministries that 
vitalize the witness to 
Christian peace in the 
Church of the Brethren. 

The Peace Studies Pro- 
gram kicked off a 25th 
anniversary celebration last 
September, with the Urban 
Peace Tour beginning at 

4 Messenger May 1997 

'.et's celebrate 

Shenandoah District is 

;elebrating its 30tii 
inniversary tiiroughout 
his year. Special historical 
irticles will run in the dis- 
rict's newsletter, 
Shenandoah (ournal, 
vhich sports a new logo in 
ts banner. The anniver- 
,ary will be emphasized at 
listrict meeting this fall. 

• Piqua (Ohio) Church 
)f the Brethren marked its 
'0th anniversary April 27, 
vith a theme of "Reflec- 
ions of the Past." 

• Blue Ball (Pa.) 
I!hurch of the Brethren 
;elebrated its centennial 
\prii 1 6-1 7. The youth re- 
dacted a pre- 1960 love 
east. Harold S. Martin, 
;ditor of BRF Witness and 

I native son, brought the 
inniversary message. He 
ilso wrote a congrega- 
lional history to note the 

• Virlina District's 
Damp Bethel will cele- 
brate its 70th anniversary 
over Memorial Day week- 
;nd, as a part of its annual 

David Radcliff 

Spiritual Emphasis Retreat 
it the camp, led by David 
Radcliff, director of 
Denominational Peace 

Mill Creek transformed this nearby house into a haven for temporarily homeless families. 

This and that 

This past January 26, Mill 
Creek Church of the 
Brethren, near Port 
Republic, Va., dedicated a 
guest house for use by 
families temporarily with- 
out housing. The house 
was donated by church 
members. Qualifying fami- 
lies may occupy the house 
for up to three months. 
Operating and mainte- 
nance expenses are paid 
from the congregation's 
outreach budget. Mill 
Creek offers its guest fam- 
ilies spiritual nurturing 
and financial counseling. 

• Arlington (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren 
hosted the third annual 
"Singing" April 20. What 
makes the event special is 
the use of the old Harmo- 
nia Sacra hymnbook, 
perpetuating the Brethren 
tradition of four-part, 
shape-note singing. Joseph 
Funk published the hymn- 
book about 1 70 years ago 
at Singers Glen in Vir- 

ginia's Shenandoah Valley. 
• Woodberry Church of 
the Brethren in Baltimore, 
Md., has, for several years, 
purchased 1,000 pounds 
of potatoes and included 
them in food baskets for 
the needy at Thanksgiving 
and Christmas. Last 
Thanksgiving, Woodberry 
helped 145 families and 
445 individuals through an 
ecumenically supported 
emergency food pantry. 

Campus comments 

The University of La 
Verne marked Black His- 
tory Month with special 
events, February 1 3-24. 
The series opened with a 
presentation on black his- 
tory and concluded with a 
soul-food dinner featuring 
entertainment by a jazz 

• Elizabethtown Col- 
lege is holding a 
conference April 15, 
"Anabaptist and Catholic 

Conversations: Points of 
Convergence and Diver- 
gence." It concludes a 
year-long series of events 
promoting dialog between 
Catholics and Anabaptists. 
(A third of Elizabethtown's 
students are Roman 

• Bridgewater College 
held its 102nd Spiritual 
Life Institute March 
18-20, jointly sponsored 
by the college and Bethany 
Theological Seminary. 
Speakers were Earle W 
Fike Jr., a former pastor, 
Bethany Seminary profes- 
sor. General Board staff 
executive, and 1982 
Annual Conference mod- 
erator; Rebecca Slough, 
Bethany Seminary profes- 
sor; and William H. 
Willimon, Duke University 

"Close to Home" highlights news of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
Home, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, II 60120. 

May 1997 Messenger 5 

Three Brethren ministries 
announce future intentions 

In the wake of the General Board's de- 
cision in March to cease funding of On 
Earth Peace Assembly and Association 
of Brethren Caregivers at the end of 

Books, videos, newsletters, 

magazines, and other 

peacemaking resources 

from the past 50 years are 

what have been available at 

On Earth Peace Assembly's 

Retreat Center and Study 

Library since late 1 995. 

This retreat center is 

expected to be moved when 

OEPA relocates within the 

next two years, as a result 

of the General Board's 

March decision to cease 

funding the ministry. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

this year, these organizations in late 
March announced their intentions for 
the future. Also announcing its future 
plans was The Andrew Center, which 
coordinates the General Board's evan- 
gelism ministry. Andrew Center per- 
sonnel received notice last October 
that the Board's funding of the center 
will also cease at the end of 1 997. 

The ABC board, which met March 
21—23, expressed regret, apprecia- 
tion, and excitement about becoming 
an independent organization. 

Although ABC is incorporated and 
has its own board, it has been closely 
affiliated with the General Board. 
ABC currently receives $60,000 in 
ministry and personnel funding 
through the Board's Parish Ministries 
Commission. Though formal organi- 
zational ties and funding to ABC will 
conclude at the end of this year, the 
General Board has stated it will seek a 
new working relationship with ABC. 

In addition to this new relation- 
ship, the General Board will honor a 
previous commitment that calls for a 
grant to be given to ABC through the 
year 2000. 

According to a release, the ABC 
board during its meetings expressed 
regret that the General Board's re- 
design process "did not take up the 
opportunity for a closer contact with 
ABC and its ministries." The board 
did express appreciation for its past 
and current affiliation with the Gen- 
eral Board, and excitement for the 
possibilities that lie ahead as the or- 
ganization becomes independent. 

However, the ABC board did agree 
to seek closer relationships with 
Brethren agencies. It also plans to 
maintain its current ministries: 

• Caring Ministries 2000 confer- 

• National Older Adult Conference 

• Lafiya: A Whole- Person Health 

• Deacon Ministries 

• Brethren Homes fellowship 

• Chaplains Association 

• VOICE task group, which 
encompasses the conditions of chil- 
dren, addictions, HIV/AIDS, and 
mental health 

• the Church and Persons with 
Disabilities Network 

• loans and scholarships for 
Brethren students in health care 

• summer chaplaincy internships 
at Brethren homes 

• sponsorship of Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary's Master's level 
courses in health and caring. 

The ABC board also voted to im- 
plement in September a four-person 
staff structure consisting of an exec- 
utive director, director of Communi- 
cation, director of Resources, and an 
administrative assistant. 

The On Earth Peace Assembly 
board, which met March 15—16, 
unanimously adopted a resolution 
stating that the Brethren Service 
Center in New Windsor, Md., no 
longer is "the best available location 
from which to carry out our min- 
istry." The OEPA board announced 
its intention of relocating its offices, 
book store, and retreat center within 
the next two years. 

6 Messenger March 1997 

OEPA, a multifaceted peace min- 
stry, has been affiliated with the 
jeneral Board through the Board's 
vVorld Ministries Commission. 

The Andrew Center in late March 
innounced its intention of evolving 
nto an independent, self-supporting 
\nabaptist evangelism center by |an- 
jary. The Andrew Center was estab- 
ished by the Church of the Brethren 
jeneral Board in 1994 as an evange- 
ism ministry that works in partner- 
ship with other denominations. 

Bob Kettering, interim director of 
The Andrew Center, said discussions 
lave begun with the center's partner 
denominations — the Church of the 
Brethren, The Brethren Church, the 
Mennonite Church, and the General 
Conference Mennonite Church — 
A'ith the hope that an independent, 
self-supporting center will be ready 
:o be launched by the end of this 

"The initial challenges will focus 
3n reorganization, funding, and the 
■edevelopment of Living in Faithful 
Evangelism and Passing On the 
Promise," Kettering said. 

A chance to learn about caring 
for people in a hurting world 

The healing of body, mind, and spirit 
A'ill be the focus of the Caring Min- 
stries 2000 conference, scheduled 
"or Aug. 1 1-15, at Manchester Col- 
ege. North Manchester, Ind. This 
:onference will be geared to deacons, 
oastors, chaplains, caregivers, coun- 
selors, peacemakers and reconcilers, 
social workers, and others. 

Sponsored by Association of 
Brethren Caregivers and supported 
3y nine denominational ministries, 
:he conference will feature: Helen 
Prejean, prison ministry advocate and 
author of Dead Man Walking; (oan 
Brown Campbell, National Council of 
Churches general secretary; Jimmy 
Ross, 1998 Annual Conference mod- 
erator; David Hilton, former 

is the 

NCC kicks off a year-long 
focus on media awareness 

What are the implications of living 
in a society where its citizens re- 
ceive about 16,000 media mes- 
sages a day? Throughout the up- 
coming year, the Na- 
tional Council of 
Churches intends to 

find out, as it 

will examine 


values in the media cul- 
ture as part of its Media 
Awareness Year initia- 

The emphasis begins 
May 6 with a nationwide telecon- 
ference titled "Family, Community 
and Media Values." 
Media aware- 
ness resources, 
which "will in- 
troduce key con- 
cepts of media lit- 

eracy into the 
home, school, 
congregation , 
and community 
environments — 
to promote criti- 
cal viewing and 

01 CliufEliGS presenis 





Your control is not remote! 

analysis of media mes- 
sages on consumerism, 
substance abuse, 
racism, gender, and 
global communica- 
tions" — will be released throughout 
the year. 

This emphasis "is a call for a na- 
tionwide approach to media liter- 
acy," according to an NCC release. 

For more information, contact 
Mary Byrne Hoffmann, (914) 358- 
0624, or at MBH52(ftAOL.Com. 

Brethren missionary and interna- 
tional health consultant; Marie For- 
tune, founder and executive director 
of the Center for the Prevention of 
Sexual and Domestic Violence; Fred 
Shaw, storyteller of the Shawnee Na- 
tion; Tom Mullen, professor of Cre- 
ative Writing and Preaching at Earl- 
ham School of Religion; and Wesley 
Ariarajah, deputy secretary of the 
World Council of Churches. 

Seventy-four workshops will be of- 
fered during the conference, as will a 
morning Bible study and evening 
networking sessions. Bernie Siegel, 
author and surgeon, will lead a pre- 
assembly conference from 9 a.m. to 4 
p.m. on Aug. 1 1 , which will focus on 
"The Art and Act of Healing." 

For more information, contact ABC 
at (800) 323-8039 or at 

Brethren man deported from 
Hebron for peace work 

Cliff Kindy, member of Manchester 
Church of the Brethren, North Man- 
chester, Ind., and of Christian Peace- 
maker Teams, was deported to the 
United States from the Middle East 
in late March after being held for 
several days by authorities. Kindy 
was detained following his attempts 
to rebuild a Palestinian house in He- 
bron that was destroyed a year ago. 
The house sits on land that was re- 
cently declared a "closed military 
zone" by the Israeli government. 

Kindy, who had been participating 
in a 700-hour fast with four other 
CPT members — on behalf of 700 
Palestinian families that are expected 
to lose their homes — was unable to 
complete the fast. 

May 1997 Messenger 7 

Disaster relief and child care 
giving keep Brethren busy 

Several rebuilding and assisting pro- 
jects and the allocating of $ 1 32,000 
in Emergency Disaster Fund grants 
was the focus of Refugee/Disaster 
Services' work in March and April. 

Work on rebuilding Butler Chapel 
African Methodist Episcopalian 
Church, Orangesburg, S.C., a black 
church that was the victim of arson, 
began in March after months of delay. 

Jiggs Miller of Lake Odessa, Mich., 
and Michigan District disaster coor- 
dinator, served as project coordinator 
for April. The first shift of volunteers, 
from Shenandoah District, began 
work the week of April 6. Volunteers 
from Virlina District were scheduled 
to work the week of April 1 3 . 

Meanwhile, response to flooding has 
kept other Brethren volunteers busy. 
Denver Harter, member of Oakland 
Church of the Brethren, Gettysburg, 
Ohio, and Southern Ohio District dis- 
aster coordinator, supervised projects 
in the Blue Creek and Manchester ar- 
eas in response to flooding of the Ohio 
River. Workers were housed and fed at 
Camp Woodland Altars, the Southern 
Ohio Brethren church camp located in 
Peebles. During the first weeks of the 
project, Southern Ohio District sup- 
plied work teams. 

Also in response to the Ohio River 
flooding, Cooperative Disaster Child 
Care provided caregivers in the 
Shepherdsville, Ky., area, near 
Louisville. Homer and Rossetta Fry, 
members of Logansport (Ind.) 
Church of the Brethren, managed 
this project in cooperation with the 
American Red Cross. 

A project of refurbishing 1 to 14 
homes in the Payette, Idaho, area 
began in March. Jan and Keith Var- 
daman, members of Lincolnshire 
Church of the Brethren, Fort Wayne, 
Ind., served as the first project's first 
directors, in cooperation with Verl 
King, Idaho District Disaster coordi- 
nator. During the project's first two 
weeks, volunteers from the sur- 

8 Messenger May 1997 

rounding area provided the labor. 
Surrounding Church of the Brethren 
districts (Oregon/Washington, Pa- 
cific Southwest, and Western Plains) 
were then asked to assume control of 
the project, which is expected to take 
two to three months to complete. 

In response to the disasters, Joe 
Mason, interim director of Refugee/ 
Disaster Services, made an urgent 
appeal for "Gift of the Heart" clean- 
up kits. The kits contain a bucket 
filled with sponges, a wire brush, a 
scrub brush, a can of powder 
cleanser, plastic garbage bags, and 
rubber gloves. Those interested in 
donating kits may contact the office 
at (410) 635-8731. 

During these two frenetic months, 
$132,000 was allocated from the 
Emergency Disaster Fund to nine 
projects. Funds were given to close 
four projects — Hurricane Marilyn, 
$68,263; Habitat House project in 
Cincinnati, $5,407; flooding in 
Northeast and Mid-Atlantic areas, 
$6,413; and flooding in Washington 
State and Oregon, $3,131. 

A grant of $20,000 was made to 
assist in the Butler Chapel rebuilding 

Four additional allocations of 
$5,000 were granted: to the Payette, 
Idaho, repair project; to assist volun- 
teers in southwest Ohio; to help with 
food relief for malnourished people 
in Kenya due to severe drought; and 
to help fund Church World Service 
Regional Disaster Response Facilita- 
tors around the US. 

General Board and Juniata 
announce staff changes 

Three young adults begin work this 
month coordinating National Youth 
Conference 1998, scheduled for July 
28-Aug. 3 in Fort Collins, Colo. 

Brian Yoder will serve as coordi- 
nator. Yoder, who plans to graduate 
from Juniata College this year, is a 
member of Stone Church of the 

Brethren, Huntingdon, Pa. 

Joy Struble will serve as an assis 
tant coordinator. She is a 1996 grad- 
uate of University of Michigan and a 
member of Lansing (Mich.) Church 
of the Brethren. 

Emily Shonk will serve as an assis- 
tant coordinator. She expects to grad- 
uate from Bridgewater (Va.) this year 
and is a member of Manassas (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren. Shonk also 
will coordinate the Youth and Young 
Adult National Workcamps in 1998. 

Robert Neff, president of Juniata 
College, Huntingdon, Pa., in April an- 
nounced his retirement, effective fol- 
lowing the 1997-1998 school year. 

In his resignation letter, Neff said 

ML ' L 

Brian Yoder Emily Shonk 

loy Struble 

Bob Neff 

the college, which is beginning to 
chart out a five-year plan, will need 
continuity to achieve its future goals. 
"These circumstances require a long- 
term commitment on the part of the 
president — a commitment that I find 
myself unable to make," Neff said. 
Neff has served as president of 
Juniata since 1986. Prior to joining 
Juniata, Neff served as general sec- 
retary of the Church of the Brethren 
General Board from 1978 to 1986. 
He also has served as professor of 
Biblical Studies at Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary, Richmond, Ind., 
and has taught at Bridgewater 
(Va.) College. 

Ill Erief 

The four-member 1997 Youth Peace Travel Team will 
begin its duties early next month. The four nnembers are IVIil<e 
Brinkmeier, Lena, III.; Jacki Hartley, Lewistown, Pa.; Jessica 
Lehman, Elgin, III.; and Nathan Musselman, Rocky Mount, Va. 

The group is scheduled to participate in orientation June 1 0-1 2 
and then attend the John Kline 200th birthday celebration at 
Linville Creek Church of the Brethren, Broadway, Va., June 1 3-1 5. 
The team will then visit Brethren church camps in the East and 
Midwest throughout the summer, focusing on peace education. 

The Youth Peace Travel Team is sponsored by four General Board 
ministries— On Earth Peace Assembly, Denominational Peace Wit- 
ness, Outdoor Ministry, and Youth and Young Adult Ministry. 

Eight young adults will serve on On Earth Peace Assembly's 
1997 Conflict Resolution Team. The team will be divided into four 
groups, with each group serving this summer at a Church of the 
Brethren camp. Their assignment will be to work with camp staff, 
counselors and campers on conflict resolution and mediation skills. 

Serving at Camp Mardela, Denton, Md., will be Chris Power of 
Prairie City (Iowa) Church of the Brethren; and Madylyn Metzger 
of Springfield (III.) Church of the Brethren. Serving at Shepherd's 
Spring, Sharpsburg, Md., will be Amanda Ash of Carmel (Ind.) 
Friends Meeting; and Jessica Hunter of San Diego (Calif.) First 
Church of the Brethren. Serving at Camp Swatara, Bethel, Pa., will 
be Jim Lucas of Antioch Church of the Brethren, Rocky Mount, 
\/a.; and Erin Gratz of La Verne (Calif.) Church of the Brethren. 
Serving at Camp Eder, Fairfield, Pa., will be Brian Bucher of Man- 

hester (Ind.) Church of the Brethren, North Manchester, Ind.; and 
Sara Stover of Quinter (Kan.) Church of the Brethren. 

("A Message on Jerusalem," a four-page paper that focuses on 
the sharing of Jerusalem by its residents, was published in February 
3y the Middle East Committee of the National Council of Churches. 
The paper, General Board statements pertaining to this issue, and a 
:opy of a New York Times full-page advertisement— complete with 
signatures of people and organizations calling for a shared 
Jerusalem (which was signed by the Church of the Brethren)— are 
available from Mervin Keeney, representative for Africa and the 
Vliddle East, at (800) 323-8039 or CoB.Africa.ME.Rep.parti® 

\ free loaning service of films and videos is available by 
:he Church World Service Film & Video Library. The service is 
available to congregations, schools, and community groups. 
3WS has approximately 400 titles from various producers on 
lunger, development, the environment, multiculturalism, and 
other related issues. For a catalog, contact CWS at (219) 264- 
U102 or at CWS. Film. Library.parti@Ecunet.Org. 

I3rethren Revival Fellowship will hold two of its 1997 spring 
raining seminars this month— May 3 at Beech Grove Church of 
he Brethren, Pendleton, Ind., where workshops will focus on 
Joctrine of the Holy Spirit, the Sermon on the Mount, the Christ- 
an's devotional life, and Bible study tools and translating; and 

May 1 at Beaverton (Mich.) Church of the Brethren, where 
workshops will focus on Biblical Reliability: The Key Issue, and 
Distinctively Brethren Practices. 

BRF's first training seminar of the year was held March 22 at 
Belvidere Church of the Brethren, York, Pa. The seminars are held 
annually and often at the request of congregations. For more 
information on the BRF seminars, contact James Myer at (717) 

A special offer for pastors and ministry 
students for Pragmatic Propiiet: Ttie Life of 
iVIicfiael Robert Zigler, has been made avail- 
able by an anonymous donor for the 
discounted price of $8 hardcover and $4 
paperback. The offer is available until May 30. 
Contact Brethren Press at (800) 441-3712 
or at Brethren. Press. parti@Ecunet. Org. 

M.R. Zigler 

"Come, Follow Me," the 1997 Brethren camping curriculum 
theme, has been created by the Cooperative Publication Associa- 
tion, of which Brethren Press is a partner. The curriculum is to be 
used by children, youth, and adults exploring Christ's call and 
their response to that call. The curriculum can be adapted for 
outdoor learning experiences ranging from highly structured, 
centralized events to informal, primitive camping. 

Materials include a campers' booklet, leaders' guide. Come 
Join ttie Circle songbook, and clip art. Contact Brethren Press. 

Nonviolence and Humanitarian Intervention, the latest 
denominational peace statement, which was approved by the 
1996 Annual Conference, is available as a 24-page booklet. The 
document includes the scriptural context and Brethren ideals from 
which the statement was drafted. It also includes a guide to action, 
including recommendations on how people can follow the peace- 
able call of Jesus. This resource is ideal for church school classes 
and peace groups. Single copies are $1 .50 and a quantity discount 
is available. Contact Brethren Press. 

Southern Ohio District ended 1996 with increases in seven 
out of nine categories, compared to 1995. 

Overall, membership increased by five to 9,301 . Average wor- 
ship attendance rose by 1 2 to 5,065, although Sunday schol 
attendance dropped by 1 1 9 to 2,891 . 

Giving to the General Board increased by $36,505 to $178,322. 
Other increases in giving (increase and year-end total) were to 
Manchester College ($1 1 ,01 7; $31 ,533), Bethany Theological 
Seminary ($10,463; $34,464), Southern Ohio District ($7,953; 
$1 16,808), Brethren's Home ($3,287; $85,008). Giving to Camp 
Woodland Altars decreased by $3,044 to $33,876. 

"These figures show strength and support of our Church of the 
Brethren congregations, district. General Board, and related insti- 
tutions," said Jim Tomlonson, Southern Ohio District executive. 
"I am grateful to our pastors for their individual leadership in 
keeping the outreach ministries of their congregations strong." 

May 1997 Messenger 9 

&i»figBeach '97 


BY Nevin Dulabaum 
AND Paula Wilding 

The 2 1 1 th Church of the Brethren 
Annual Conference will be held July 
1-6 in Long Beach, Calif. 

David Wine, president of Mutual 
Aid Association, Abilene, Kan., will 
serve as moderator; Jimmy Ross, 
pastor of Lititz (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, as moderator-elect. 

"Count Well the Cost," words that 
Wine says were spoken at the first 
Brethren baptism, will serve as the 
Conference's theme. These words 
call Brethren to find "our common 
denominator, which is zeal and en- 
ergy for our faith," Wine said. 

Daily events will include a worship 

Above: The Long Beach Arena, 

wintertime home to the Ice 

Dogs, a minor league hockey 

team, will serve as Annual 

Conference's worship service 

and business session venue. 

Right: Encircling the arena is the 

"Planet Ocean" mural, 

featuring sea life painted to 

scale. Attached to the arena is 

the Long Beach Convention 

Center (with the portion at the 

far right being where Conference 

exhibits will be located. 

1 Messenger May 1997 

service, Bible study, business ses- 
sions, insight sessions, meals spon- 
sored by various organizations, and 
activities for people of all ages. Sev- 
eral sanctioned and several unofficial 
events also are scheduled just prior 
to Conference. 

To request an Annual Conference 
information packet, contact the An- 
nual Conference office at (800) 323- 
8039 or at AnnualConf@AOL.Com. 
Contacts for unofficial events will be 
listed with those events. 


Worship service themes, preachers, 
and worship leaders will be: 

Tuesday: Count Well the Cost. 
David Wine; |immy Ross. 

Wednesday: Count Well 
the Cost of Community, 
ludith Kipp, pastor of 
Ridgeway Community 
Church of the Brethren, 
Harrisburg, Pa.; Leslie 
Cooper, pastor of Water- 
ford (Calif.) Church of 
the Brethren. 
Thursday: Count Well 

the Cost of Simplicity. Dawn Wil- 
helm, pastor of Stone Church of the 
Brethren, Huntingdon, Pa.; Janet 
and Skip Ober Miller, pastors of 
South Bay Community Church of thej 
Brethren, Redondo Beach, Calif. 

Friday: Count Well the Cost of Ser-j 
vice. Millard Fuller, president of 
Habitat for Humanity, Americus, 
Ga.; Olga Serrano, pastor of Principal 
de Paz Fellowship, Santa Ana, Calif. 

Saturday: Count Well the Cost of 
Peace. Glenn Mitchell, pastor of 
University Baptist and Brethren 
Church, State College, Pa.; Debbie 
Roberts, University of La Verne 
(Calif.) chaplain. 

Sunday: Count Well the Cost of 
Discipleship. Rich Hanley, Western 
Plains District executive, McPher- 
son, Kan.; Donald Matthews, pastor 
of Oak Grove Church of the 
Brethren, Oakland, Calif. 

Congregational singing will begin 30 
minutes prior to each worship service. 
Jonathan Shively, pastor of Pomona 
(Calif.) Church of the Brethren, will 
serve as music coordinator. 

The Annual Conference choir, 

^^. Hit 

>vhich will sing at each service, will 
3e directed by [anice Eller Fralin of 
Fellowship in Christ Church of the 
Brethren, Fremont, Calif. 

Jason Leister, Rochester, N.Y., will 
serve as conference organist; Eula 
Frantz of Windsor, Colo., as confer- 
ence pianist. 


Four new and eight returning busi- 
less items are on the docket for 
Standing Committee and Annual 
Conference delegates. 


• The General Board's new design. 

• A query proposing a denominational 
■elationship with the National Association 
of Evangelicals (from Northern Plains 
District) . 

Domestic violence query (from 
Southern Pennsylvania District). 

• Defining Ministry Limits of Li- 
ensed Ministers query (Oregon/ 

itVashington District). 


• Human Genetic Engineering and 
'etal Tissue Use Statement. 

• Office of Deacon Statement. 

• Denominational Polity: Property 
md Stewardship Issues Statement. 

The New Testament as Our Rule 
)f Faith and Practice Statement. 

• World Mission Philosophy and 
lobal Church Mission Structure 


Statement on Child Exploitation. 

Report from Annual conference's 
Review and Evaluation Committee. 

Congregational Structure. 

Special events 

A Habitat for Humanity house will 
)e blitz-built June 28-July 4. Regis- 

tering by June 1 is required. Call 
(410) 635-8730. 

The General Board Live Report is 
scheduled for Thursday morning. 

The Brethren Family Picnic will be 
held 4:30 p.m. -6:30 p.m., Friday, 
outside the Convention Center. 

Huntley Brown, a professional pi- 
anist, will perform Saturday evening. 

Pre-Conference events 

Standing Committee will hold its 
meetings Saturday evening through 
Tuesday noon. 

The General Board and its commit- 
tees are expected to meet at various 
times Saturday, Sunday, and Tuesday. 

"Game Plan for Living," a confer- 
ence sponsored by the Ministers As- 
sociation, will be held Monday 
evening through Tuesday afternoon. 
Tim Timmons will speak on relation- 
ships within congregations. 

"The Church's Response to Child 
Abuse" workshop, sponsored by As- 
sociation of Brethren Caregivers, is 
scheduled for Tuesday. Beverly 
Fancher, executive director of a child 
abuse treatment agency in Long 
Beach, will be the keynote speaker. 

The New Church Development 
Seminar on Monday will feature Jeff 
Wright, the Mennonite Board of Mis- 
sions' Urban Ministry director in Los 

Two workshops sponsored by Min- 
istry of Reconciliation — "Conflict 
Resolution Skills for Church Lead- 
ers" and "Group Facilitation Skills 
for Decision-Making and Reconcilia- 
tion" — are scheduled for Monday 

The Queen Mary, 

a fixture to Long 
Beach 's skyline 
since 1967, last 
year celebrated the 
60th anniversary 
of its maiden 
voyage. The ship 
currently is host to 
an upscale restau- 
rant, a conference 
center, and bungee 
jumping tower 

and Tuesday. 

Brethren Revival Fellowship's an- 
nual meeting will be held June 29 at 
Lindsay (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren. Call (717) 225-4184. 

"Dancing at the Water's Edge," 
sponsored by Brethren/Mennonite 
Council for Gay and Lesbian Con- 
cerns and Womaen's Caucus, will be 
held June 28-30 at La Verne (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren. Call (612) 
722-6906 or write BMCoun- 

"Sierra Song and Story Fest," a 
family camp featuring Brethren musi- 
cians and storytellers, will be held June 
21-27 at Camp Peaceful Pines, Dard- 
anelle, Calif. Call (209) 523-1438. 

Conference information 

Beginning June 30, Newsline, the Gen- 
eral Board's phone, fax, and e-mail in- 
formation service, will feature daily 
updates from Annual Conference. 

The 24-hour Newsline phone ser- 
vice can be accessed by calling (410) 
635-8738. Newsline by fax or e-mail 
can be received by calling (800) 323- 
8039, ext. 257., or by writing to 
CoBNews® AOL.Com. All fax and 
e-mail requests must be received by 
June 20. 

Newsline fax and e-mail recipients 
will also receive the text of each ser- 
mon and the daily Conference Journal. 

Annual Conference wrap-ups will 
be available in print and video fol- 
lowing Conference. Fifty printed 
wrap-ups ($10) and the video 
($24.95) can be ordered through 
Brethren Press, (800) 441-3712. 

May 1997 Messenger 1 1 

Within three generations. 

Brethren preachers from 

the Wolfe family had 

migrated across the conti 

nent from Pennsylvania, 

to Illinois, and on to the 

Pacific coast. There in the 

land of "gold, revolvers 

and bowie knives," 

George Wolfe '7un." 

would carve out his niche 

in Brethren history 

In California, George Wolfe held large camp meetings, modeled after the 
emotion-packed events of his boyhood in the Mississippi Valley. 

12 Messenger May 1997 

BY David B. Eller 

/n//rethren beginnings in California can be traced to the 
«// exciting days of the Gold Rush and the first years of 
statehood. A few enterprising and isolated Brethren were 
drawn to the gold fields northeast of Sacramento as early 
as 1849 or 1850. The Monthly Gospel-Visiter (forerunner 
of today's Messenger) was barely a year old in 1852 
when it published the first of several letters from Brethren 
describing their journey to California and its gold fields. 
These letters were published not to encourage Brethren to 
head for California, but to discourage them. Going off in 
search of fortunes in gold was not considered the 
Brethren thing to do. Grumped Gospel-Visiter editor 
Henry Kurtz, in his preface to an 1853 travel account, 
"Here is . . . another exhibition of the sufferings, dangers, 
and difficulties so many undergo for the sake of a little 
glittering dust." 

But brother Kurtz could have taken comfort in the fact 
that most Brethren who participated in America's west- 
ward expansion were part of the agricultural (rather 
than mining) frontier. The first Brethren minister to 
settle in the new Pacific-coast state was an Illinois 
farmer-preacher, George Wolfe III. And on him centers 
the story of the first California Brethren congregation. 

A tall and stocky man, Wolfe preached forcefully and to 
the point. Largely self-educated, he could be compassion- 
ate yet resolute. While unyielding on certain doctrinal 
matters, he was not a strict adherent of others, such as 
uniformity of plain dress for members. Moreover, he 
enjoyed violin music and other pastimes considered 
worldly (if not sinful) by most Brethren leaders of his 

Wolfe was born in southern Illinois near Jonesboro in 
1809, a son of Jacob and Barbara Hauser Wolfe. His par- 
ents had settled in this virgin territory from southwest 
Kentucky only a few years earlier. His grandfather of the 
same name, George Wolfe I, was also a Dunker preacher. 
He had traveled down the Ohio River from Pennsylvania 
to Kentucky in 1800, and died at Kaskaskia, 111., the same 
year George III was born. 

Jacob Wolfe, a deacon, died when his son was about 
13. George married Rua Faggart in 1831, and both were 
baptized into the Brethren fraternity a year or so later. 
The major religious influence in George's life became his 
uncle, also of the same name, George Wolfe II (see 
"George Wolfe: Giant in Illinois," by David B. Eller, May 

In George Wolfe's day, the Brethren back east practiced 
"double-mode" feetwashing, in which one brother washed 
and another brother dried the feet of two or more 
communicants in a row. The servers then passed the basin 
and towel to two others, who continued the service. 
Maverick Wolfe caused consternation among these 
orthodox by practicing the "single mode. " which, 
ironically, has generally replaced the "double mode" in the 
Church of the Brethren today. 

1984). This George Wolfe was the leader of "Far West- 
ern" churches in western Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, 
and Iowa that had developed independently of Annual 

George Wolfe "Jun." (as George III signed his name, 
presumably to distinguish himself from his uncle, George 
II), was elected to the ministry about 1835. He wrote 

May 1997 Messenger 13 

later that he attempted to escape this call by moving with 
his family to the "American Bottom" (across the Missis- 
sippi River from St. Louis) and then to Iowa. When his 
Uncle George confronted him by asking if he was going 
to "flee like Jonah," young Wolfe replied that indeed he 
was. The elder solemnly admonished him, "then to hell 
like Jonah, too." 

'oung Wolfe, apparently having second thoughts, 
accepted the call of the 
church and was ordained in 
Iowa in the early 1840s. For 
several years he worked to build 
up scattered Brethren 
settlements in the south- 
eastern part of the state. 
In 1848, he and his 
family moved back across 
the Mississippi into Illinois. 
Here he labored in closer con- 
tact with George Wolfe 11 and 
the church at Mill Creek in 
Adams County (today's Liberty 

As Brethren from Indiana and 
the East immigrated into Illi- 
nois and Iowa during the 
1840s, tensions developed 
between them and the "Far 
Western" churches. Annual 
Meeting advised members not to 
commune with the western 
Brethren because of doctrinal 
disagreements. The differ- 
ences centered on the manner 
of observing the love feast, 
particularly the method of feet- 
washing. Nineteenth-century 
Brethren viewed uniformity in ritual 
practices as an essential part of their faith. The 
western Brethren used "single-mode" feetwashing, 
rather than the "double mode" observed then by most 
Brethren. In the "single mode," after a brother's feet had 
been washed, he then received the basin and towel and 
washed the feet of another. In the "double mode," one 
brother washed and another brother dried the feet of two 
or more communicants in a row. The servers then passed 
the basin and towel to two others, who continued the ser- 
vice. The sisters, of course, observed this ordinance 

A secondary doctrinal issue was the western Brethren 
fondness for preaching "universal restoration" (the idea 
that in the fullness of time a loving God will redeem all 
souls, even those suffering hell punishments). Eastern 
Brethren viewed this idea as a dangerous one. A council 
of western Brethren elders held at Mill Creek in 1851 
concluded that they could not in good faith conform to 
practices of the Annual Meeting churches. George Wolfe 


Brethren Sites 

in Central 


III signed those minutes. 

Further discussion brought a team of elders appointed by 
the Annual Meeting to visit the western Brethren at Mill 
Creek in 1856. A compromise was agreed upon and entered 
into the Annual Meeting minutes. In substance, the west- 
ern Brethren agreed to soften their preaching of the "wider HI 
salvation" and to observe eastern practices when eastern 
Brethren communed with them. 

Underlying these controversies, however, was the ques- 
tion of Annual Meeting jurisdiction. Would the isolated 
western Brethren agree to be subject to the decisions of 
this body? This matter seemed to be resolved in 1859 
when the Conference received letters from three "Far 
Western" congregations (all in Illinois) acknowledging 
that they would accept the counsel of the larger church. 

Although George Wolfe III maintained his allegiance to 
the compromise of 1856, he was not present at the coun- 
cil with eastern leaders because he was then en route to 
California. His purpose in heading west was 

undoubtedly to seek agricul- 
OjennyLind tural economic 

opportunities rather than 
missionary advance- 
ment. One 
biographer sug- 
gests that he went 
to California "to 
grow up with the 
country, and with 
purely business 
Like thousands of 
others, Wolfe 
caught the 
"Oregon" or "Cali- 
fornia fever" in the late 
1840s and early 1850s. 
He sold his farm in 1855 
and departed with his 
wife, two sons, and a mar- 
ried son and 
daughter-in-law for New 
York City. From there the 
Wolfe families booked passage on 
a steamer that took them to Colombia. 
Through jungles rife with pestilence, the 
Brethren travelers crossed the Isthmus of 
Panama on a brand-new railroad, then con- 
tinued up the Mexico and California coasts by ship, 
arriving in San Francisco in mid-December 1856. 

(/ from 

within three generations, Brethren preachers 
3m the Wolfe family had migrated across the conti- 
nent from Pennsylvania to the Pacific shore. Now in the 
land of "gold, revolvers, and bowie knives" (as he 
expressed it), George Wolfe "Jun." would carve out his 
niche in Brethren history. 
Initially the Wolfe party setded at Watsonville in the Pajaro 

14 Messenger May 1997 

Valley, a few miles inland from Monterey Bay. The first 
Brethren worship services were held in the Southern Methodist 
meetinghouse, and the newcomers soon met two Brethren 
sisters and their families who had settled in this area a few 
years earlier. Within a few months, however, Wolfe's group 
had relocated a few miles east, over the Coastal Range at 
Gilroy in Santa Clara County. 

The "Church of California" was organized by Wolfe in the 
fail of 1858. He baptized five converts, bringing the number 
of known members in California to 1 7. This included five 
members who had come by land the year before and settled 
in the San [oaquin Valley, south of 
Stockton. At the organizational meet- 
ing, which was held in a grove prepared 
for the occasion on the Pajaro River, an 
election for a deacon was held. The ser- 
vices concluded with a love feast. Within 
two or three years, however, virtually 
all of the Gilroy members relocated to 
the San |oaquin Valley, near Lathrop. 
where rich farm land could be easily 
obtained on reasonable terms. Wolfe 
reorganized the church here in 1862. 

From these humble origins, the 
"Church of California" grew through 
both evangelistic efforts and immigra- 
tion. Preaching points were established 
at Tracy, Cressey, and at other locations 
in the San loaquin Valley, and at "Ander- 
son Valley" in Mendocino County. A 
few Brethren also settled in the Napa 
Valley near Cordelia, northeast of San 
Francisco, which Wolfe organized into 
a separate congregation in 1862. A third 
congregation. Chaparral, was formed in 
1879 in Calaveras County, centered at 
jenny Lind. A fourth church on Eel River 
in Humbolt County was started in 1880. 
These early Brethren pioneers did not 
quickly build church houses (although 
at Lathrop and other locations they were 
able to use a union meetinghouse). Many 
of the Brethren moving to California, 
however, were not familiar with the independence, love feast 
traditions, or restoration theology of the "Far Western" group. 
Tensions were unavoidable. 

ifornia" were visited by two elders sent by Annual Meeting, 
Daniel B. Sturgis (a former leader of "Far Western" Brethren 
in Illinois) and |acob Miller of Indiana. Even though the Cal- 
ifornia Brethren contributed toward travel expenses, there 
was misunderstanding about the purpose the visitors served. 
Wolfe had the impression they might stay for at least a year 
and work extensively to increase the membership. 

Only George Wolfe's hair and beard 
styles conform to the Brethren 
standard of his day. His suit is not 
"plain garb. " Riia Faggart Wolfe's 
white bonnet would have passed 
muster, and her shawl, emulating 
Brethren sisters' capes, probably 
made her dress acceptable as well. 
Thus this Wolfe portrait symbolizes 
the California leader's grudging 
compromise with Brethren standards 
and practices back east. 

olfe wrote several letters and reports to Brethren peri- 
odicals in the 1850s and 1860s describing the California 
Brethren's circumstances and requesting that they be visited 
3y elders to help them build up the church. In the early 1860s, 
:hurch periodicals were filled with opinions on how best to 
organize a "Pacific Mission," and funds were raised to send 
/isiting missionaries. The needs of Brethren in Virginia and 
Fennessee suffering the effects of the Civil War took prece- 
dence, however, and the meager funds collected ($263.80) 
vere diverted to that cause. 
Finally, however, in 1870, Wolfe and the "Church of Cal- 

turgis and Miller believed that they were to "organize 
churches and set things in order" so that the Pacific 
Coast Brethren conformed to Annual Meeting standards of 
faith and practice. Sturgis and Miller 
stayed about two and a half months 
on the West Coast, visiting most of 
the Brethren in the San loaquin Valley 
and in the Willamette Valley in 
Oregon. While no new congregations 
were organized, they held a lengthy 
council meeting at Lathrop and 
reported favorably in church periodi- 
cals on their visit. Wolfe was more 
critical. In his view, the "Church of 
California" had invited evangelists, 
not a disciplinary committee, and he 
had no intention of abandoning the 
compromise of 1856 allowing him to 
use "single-mode" feetwashing. He 
wrote a friend that Sturgis had 
learned more by his visit to the Cali- 
fornia Brethren than in all his prior 

In addition to the continued 
legacy of the "Far Western" Brethren, 
other differences developed between 
the California Brethren and the east- 
ern churches. By 1869, for example, 
the "Church of California" had estab- 
lished a Sunday school, an innovative 
method of Christian education 
frowned upon by many in the East. 

The entire pattern of church life 
also changed. In the Atlantic states 
and the Midwest, the custom of hold- 
ing love feast in a meetinghouse over several days was well 
established. In California, the members were spread out 
over hundreds of square miles, so that holding even 
monthly services at various preaching points was difficult. 
Without church houses, the California Brethren quickly 
developed the practice of holding outdoor meetings over 
several days in May and October. 

These assemblies included preaching services, baptisms, 
a church council, and a love feast. A temporary camp near 
the San [oaquin or Merced River was laid out with an area 
for preaching and another for tents. 

Wolfe undoubtedly patterned these "camp meetings" 
after those he had known in his youth in the Mississippi 
Valley, and they became a prominent feature of the 
"Church of California." Because camp-meeting preaching 

May 1997 Messenger 1 5 

often stressed an emotional conversion experience, such 
gatherings were viewed with suspicion by eastern 

(O/hen there was the thorny issue of California Brethren 
U accepting the authority of Annual Meeting. Tensions 
became strained when in 1873 Wolfe and a close associ- 
ate, elder Jonathan Myers of Alameda County, became 
corresponding editors for a new Brethren periodical, The 
Gospel Trumpet. This paper championed the cause of the 
"Congregational Brethren," a schismatic. Midwest-cen- 
tered movement that practiced "single-mode" 
feetwashing and was harshly critical of Annual Meeting 
governance. Indeed, Wolfe had warmly welcomed to Cali- 
fornia elders associated with this movement. While Wolfe 
and Myers were sympathetic to the formation of the Con- 
gregational Brethren, they were not anxious to sever ties 
with the wider church. Rather, they considered them- 
selves in fellowship with both groups. 

These and other developments led the Annual Meeting 
to send two prominent elders, Benjamin F. Moomaw of 
Virginia and Henry Dorsey Davy of Ohio, to the San 
Joaquin Valley in the fall of 1874. Every district within the 
brotherhood was assessed an amount to finance their 
travel expenses. These elders first visited Brethren who 
lodged several complaints against Wolfe's leadership. In 
addition to his clinging to "Far Western" Brethren tradi- 
tions, Wolfe was charged with carelessness in church 
discipline regarding adultery, distinctive Brethren dress, 
tolerating too much pride, and receiving disowned mem- 
bers into the church. 

At an emotionally charged council meeting, Wolfe also 
brought certain charges against the "Annual Meeting 
party" within the "Church of California." Moomaw and 
Davy worked to sort out the various issues, but decided to 
permit the "Annual Meeting" faction to organize its own 
congregation. It was called the Stanislaus (or Paradise) 
church and was centered near Salida, a short distance 
southeast of Lathrop. Wolfe and others then wrote to the 
Standing Committee of the 1875 Annual Meeting: "Our 
desires remain unchanged, and we wish to be recognized 
as a part of a body giving and receiving counsel together 
. . . and whatsoever the Scriptures teach we are willing to 
obey, and if shown to be in error willing to retreat." 

The formation of a "double-mode" congregation in 
California, however, did not end the controversy. Within 
a few years, letters were sent from California to eastern 
elders complaining that Wolfe had not kept the agreement 
reached with Moomaw and Davy. The 1877 Standing 
Committee subsequently appointed a committee that 
reviewed the former report, interviewed Moomaw, and 
then called upon Wolfe to implement the "decision of 
1875." He was given until January 1, 1878, to comply or 
face disfellowshipping. 

Undaunted, Wolfe asked for an appeal, which prompted 
the 1878 Annual Meeting to appoint yet another commit- 
tee to investigate the situation in California. Ellas K. 
Buechley of Iowa was the only one of three elders named 
to the committee who was able to make the long trip. He 

16 Messenger May 1997 

was welcomed that fall by both sides, and in church peri- 
odicals he wrote favorably of his visit. He minimized the 
differences between the Wolfe group and the Stanislaus 
church and suggested that ultimately the dispute would 
work itself out. 

Reconciliation, however, was not achieved. By the late 
1870s, forces within the denomination had produced a 
growing polarity between liberal or "progressive" and 
conservative, or "old order" factions. The progressive 
movement was largely centered around Henry R. 
Holsinger of Pennsylvania, who tirelessly promoted 
Sunday schools, revival meetings, foreign missions, an 
educated clergy, and the abolition of distinctive Brethren 
dress as a test of membership. Wolfe and other California 
leaders quickly aligned themselves with the progressive 
element and Holsinger's periodical. The Progressive 
Christian. Between 1880 and 1884, three prominent pro- 
gressive leaders, including Holsinger, visited California, 
met with Wolfe, and held evangelistic meetings. Holsinger 
was expelled by Annual Meeting in 1882. This led pro- 
gressives to form The Brethren Church — the "Ashland 
Brethren" — a year later. Soon this new organization also 
included the Congregational Brethren churches. 

In view of the fact that Wolfe had welcomed Holsinger 
and endorsed his views, Oregon Brethren asked Annual 
Meeting in 1884 to send yet another committee to Cali- 
fornia to "look after those brethren." A committee was 
appointed and visited the San Joaquin Valley in Novem- 
ber, where it noted that the Stanislaus church had been 
dissolved. When it tried to call a church council, the 
members of the California Church "rejected the commit- 

(y/he 1886 Annual Meeting had little recourse other than 
f/ to disown Wolfe and all those who would not "respect 
or hear the counsel of the church." After more than 20 
years of controversy with eastern leaders and Annual 
Meeting, Wolfe and the "Church of California" found a 
new home in a new denomination — The Brethren 

By that time, however, Wolfe was near the end of his 
ministry, and church work fell increasingly to his son 
John P. Wolfe, who was ordained an elder in 1879. 
George Wolfe's health began to fail in 1875 after con- 
tracting typhoid fever, which at the same time claimed the 
life of his son Joseph. A description of the California 
Brethren camp meeting of 1881 noted that "brother 
Wolfe, though 72 years old, and afflicted, came forth 
from his tent on crutches and exhorted all." He died at his 
home in the summer of 1887. The congregation he 
founded and loved, the "Church of California," continues 
its witness today as The Brethren Church's Wolfe rrp 
Memorial congregation in Lathrop. r^ 

Brethren historian David B. Eller formerly was professor of history at 
Bluffton College. He also has served as book editor for Brethren Press. He 
now is executive director and publisher for the Swedenborg Foundation. 
He and his family live in West Chester. Pa. 

Three chartered flights, each carrying ubuui a ton of Nner language 
books, were made from Nairobi, Kenya, into southern Sudan. 

Tlie Nuer Bible project: 

Tackling the hard part 

BY Esther R Boleyn 

iCC A fter you print these books, how do you plan to 

/».distribute them?" That question often is asked by 
the distribution department of the United Bible Societies 
lin Nairobi, Kenya. 

These people know that producing materials in a ver- 
nacular language often is the easy part. The hard part is 
[getting the materials delivered to the area in which that 
vernacular is spoken and distributing them among its 
speakers. That feat becomes harder when delivery and 
distribution must be made in a country such as Sudan, 
still being ravaged by years of civil war. 

This has been our experience with the materials that 
we, the Nuer Bible Translation Project, have produced. 
Since 1989, my husband, Lester, and I have been coordi- 
aating the translation of the Bible into Nuer, a language 
spoken by a million southern Sudanese (see "Beneficia- 
ries of Grace," by Lester E. Boleyn, February 1996). 
I The Nuer are rejoicing these days because of shipments 
of many books to their home areas. With a large grant 
Tom the Bible Society of Australia, we chartered three 
airplane flights into Upper Nile Region, the Nuer home- 
and. Each flight carried about a ton of books. One went 
o the east (which also can be reached by Nuer refugees 
n Gembela, Ethiopia); one to the west, and one to the 
:entral area. In each area, messengers collected their des- 
gnated materials and carried them to their home church 

Imagine what it means to be a messenger in southern 
Sudan. To start with, there are no roads to follow. The 
messenger may have to walk through the bush for four or 
five days to reach a river. Then he travels by dugout 
canoe for several days. After disembarking, he walks four 
or five more days to reach the collection point. Carrying 
the heavy cartons on his head, he reverses his course to 
return home. And all this travel is done in temperatures 
reaching more than 1 10 degrees. And it is done joyfully. 

Our shipments included 1 1 different titles that our pro- 
ject has produced in the past years: portions of Genesis, 
Exodus, and Jeremiah; three of the six books of the New 
Testament New Reader portions; two books I have written 
on women in the Old and New Testaments; and three 
books teaching about the birth of Jesus, the death of 
Jesus, and health for women and families. 

With Sudan's civil war showing little sign of coming to 
an end, the people have every reason to be discouraged. 
But as the Christian church grows in amazing propor- 
tions, the receiving of these books in their own language 
gives the Nuer great hope for the future. Anticipation for 
the complete Bible in the Nuer language is high, with the 
distribution date of 2000 only three years away. 

These huge smiles and prayers of rejoicing must surelyrjT^ 
warm the heart of God. They certainly warm ours. K^ 

Esther F. Boleyn is associate coordinator/editor for the Nuer Bible 
Translation Project in Nairobi. Kenya. She and her husband, Lester, are 
Church of the Brethren field staff. 

May 1997 Messenger 17 

A new d e s i g n 

for the General Board 

Third in a four-part series of information pieces 
about the General Board's proposed new design. 

For the General Board, 


By Nevin Dulabaum 

The theme of the artwork adorning the 
walls might not have been on the minds of 
the people gathering around the table. Then 
again, it probably was. 

That artwork, hanging in Meeting Room A 
of the Church of the Brethren General Offices 
in early March, consisted of a nearly continu- 
ous stream of fabric — fabric showing colorful 
butterflies flitting about. Artistically hung, the 
fabric tied together nearly a dozen 
posters spread around the walls, each 
poster printed with a different version of 
Jeremiah 29:1 1: 

"For surely I know the plans I have 
for you, says the Lord, plans for your 
welfare and not for harm, to give you 
a future with hope" (NRSV). 

Surrounded by this verse and varia- 
tions of it, and with each business ses- 
sion beginning with worship and prayer, 
the General Board met March 7-11 to 
address proposals that are leading to the 
most substantial changes the Board has 
undergone since its creation 50 years 
ago. Not only did the Board reduce its 
ministries, personnel, and structure, and 
table for a year a location decision for 
its central offices, it approved changes 
that will redefine the Board's role within •••••• 

the denomination, charting a different 

course from what the General Board has been about since it 

was established in the late 1940s (April, pages 6-9). 

According to The Brethren Encyclopedia, a number of 
cause-oriented denominational boards were formed in 
the decades following the 1 880s, so that by 1 928 at least five 
independent boards reported directly to Annual Conference. 

Though two attempts at coordinating all ministries were 
made (in 1923 and 1940), "organizational questions per- 
sisted." Annual Conference in 1942 was asked to study 
home mission work and to consider simplifying and inte- 
grating the various boards. Two committees later, a unifi- 

Not only did the Board 

reduce its ministries, 

personnel, and 

structure, and table for 

a year a location 

decision for its central 

offices, it approved 

changes that will 

redefine the Board's 

role tvithin the 


cation recommendation was produced. That 
recommendation, which was approved by 
Conference delegates in 1946, led to the for- 
mation of the General Brotherhood Board. 

This 25-member Board "was created to 
achieve unity, efficiency, and economy in gen- 
eral brotherhood work." To do so, five com- 
missions were created — Commission on For: 
eign Missions, Commission on Ministry and 
Home Missions, Commission on Christian 
Education, Commission on Christian Service, 
and the Commission on Finance. 

After nearly two decades under this 
system. Annual Conference appointed 
a committee to study the system and to 
make recommendations for changes. In 
1 968 that committee's recommenda- 
tions were approved: "Brotherhood" 
was dropped from the title and the five 
commissions were reduced to three — 
General Services, Parish Ministries, 
and World Ministries. 

Four major modifications have been 
made to the General Board since then. 
The Goals and Budget Committee 
was created, composed of Board 
members, executive staff, and district 
executives, who work on budgetary 
goals and planning. The executives of 
General Services and Parish and 
World Ministries became associate 
general secretaries of the General 
'•••••• Board, who, together with the general 

secretary and treasurer, formed a unit 
called the Administrative Council. Annual Conference's 
Review and Evaluation Committee was created, to evaluate 
the General Board's performance once each decade. And, in 
1 988, the Pension Board, on which all General Board mem- 
bers also served, became a separate entity with a 12-member 
board and a new name, Brethren Benefit Trust. 

The General Board in March, after two years of prayer, 
discussion, discernment, and contemplafion, approved 
budget parameters of $5,391,000 in income and $5,135,000 
in expense. The expense parameter is down $ 1 .9 million from 
1996. As a result, at least two dozen General Board employ- 

18 Messenger M 

AY 1997 

Iramatic shift in focus 

ses will have their jobs terminated in mid-|uly. Some min- 
istries will be eliminated, others will be modified so that ele- 
ments of the old will reappear in the new. Some new min- 
istries will be created, such as the Congregational Life Teams. 
Still other ministries, specifically On Earth Peace Assembly 
and Association of Brethren Caregivers — which already report 
to their own boards as well as to the General Board — were 
given their release as General Board ministries, effective at the 
;nd of the year. Thus, the General Board's journey toward a 
new design does not come with a return ticket: what has been 
done could be modified, but cannot be undone. 

These all are decisions that stem from Redesign Steer- 
ng Committee recommendations, which the Board is em- 
Dowered to make. However, the Board needs Annual 
Conference approval for changes in polity. In March, the 
General Board showed its faith in Jeremiah 29:1 1 by 
:urning over its request for changes in polity to Confer- 
ence delegates this summer instead of next, keeping the 
■edesign process moving forward, but only giving the 
Board four months to explain to delegates why the 
bhanges are being sought. The pros and cons of present- 
ng these polity changes this year versus next were dis- 
cussed at length by the Board. 

"We have to make one of the toughest decisions when 
ve're still grieving what was," said Tracy Wenger Sadd, 
Board member and member of the Board's Redesign 
Steering Committee. "No matter what we decide, we are 
>;oing to have to risk, and we are going to have to trust." 

As a result of its PA years of work, the Board's Redesign 
steering Committee is of the opinion that the Board and 
ts relationships with other denominational organizations, 
listricts, and congregations must be based on trust, ser- 
'ant leadership, and discernment, Sadd said. Thus, she 
idded, it is fitting that the Board now place the process 
nto the hands of the 1 ,000 delegates. "We must be the 
'ery thing that we are calling for others to do," she said. 

In deciding to send its change in polity proposals to 
Conference delegates this summer, the Board showed its 
aith that delegates will share the Board's spirit and vision 
ind join the Board on its new design journey. These 
hanges include: 

• reducing the General Board from 25 to 20 members 
o reduce costs. Five of the 20 members would be named 
ly the General Board and confirmed by Annual Confer- 
■nce. This process is being sought by the Board so that it 
»an ensure that people with specific areas of expertise it 

considers necessary can be called to serve on the Board. 

• removing the General Board's three commission 
structure (General Services, Parish Ministries, and World 
Ministries) in favor of creating and utilizing ad hoc com- 
mittees and task teams when needed. This will give the 
Board increased flexibility and increase its response time 
for ministry initiatives and cooperative efforts. 

• transforming the current Administrative Council em- 
ployee leadership structure to a Leadership Team design, 
consisting of an executive director and eight other direc- 
tors. This is seen as a move that flattens the organization 
as directors of ministries will report directly to the execu- 
tive director, instead of to an executive of a commission. 

• creating a Mission and Ministries Planning Council, 
which would replace the Goals and Budget Committee and 
the Planning Coordinating Committee, a committee that 
consists of General Board and district representatives. 
This new council would assume the Planning Coordinat- 
ing Committee's functions, while the General Board's Ex- 
ecutive Committee would absorb Goals and Budget's bud- 
get parameter development and planning responsibilities. 
This Mission and Ministries Planning Council would allow 
for a circular dialog model — meaning dialog among the 
national, district, and congregational levels — which the 
Redesign Steering Committee believes will ensure that 
program initiatives are supported denominationally. 

By adopting this new design in March, pending Annual 
Conference delegates' approval of polity changes, the 
General Board has made a dramatic shift in its focus from 
what it was established to do 50 years ago. No longer will it 
coordinate all ministries of the church. But it will work 
cooperatively in partnership with individuals, congregations, 
districts, and other denominational organizations. This new 
design is needed, according to the Redesign Steering 
Committee, because the denomination has lost momentum, 
has no central organization for planning, currently has plan- 
ning that is driven by national staff, and lacks adequate 
structure for dialog among denominational organizations, 
districts, and congregations. 

By working together in a cooperative manner and plac- 
ing ownership of ministries at all levels — national, dis- 
trict, congregational — the Board has faith that God's 
hand is in this plan and that the denomination will regain 
momentum and become revitalized. 

That, it is hoped, will be the legacy of this redesign. 


May 1997 Messenger 19 



BY Alan Kieffaber 

Read Acts 2, the Pentecost story 


nd Pentecost will come again" is a the refrain of a 
hymn 1 remember. Whitsunday is called the "birthday 
of the church," and it does share some of the symbols — 
everyone together for a common purpose and Wow! The 
"lighting up" experience! If they had one wish in that time 
of Jesus' recent departure from them, they surely got it — 
his powerful presence with them in a new and enlarged 

Many of us have sung the hymn "Lord, send the old- 
time power, the Pentecostal power, thy floodgates of 
blessing on us throw open wide . . . that sinners be con- 
verted and thy name glorified." There is another 
well-known symbol, the flood of purification, healing, 
baptism, as, indeed, we speak of the "baptism of the Holy 
Spirit." Baptism has varying meanings, including testing 
unto death as well as simple immersion after Jesus' exam- 

20 Messenger May 1997 

pie and teaching, as a ritual of faith commitment. 

There is much talk today about downsizing, shrinking 
attendance, and flat budgets, along with increased pres- 
sure on church life, associated with changing values and 
too many "worldly" things to do and think about. Far back 
in the beginnings of the Christian community, when Jesus 
had just been executed, his followers discovered him to be 
both newly alive and then ascended into the eternal realm 
out of their sight, but he had promised to send them 
"another comforter." 

We discuss and fantasize about church growth as we 
come into the 21st century. We read about mega-ministr\ 
with a $34-million stained-glass edifice and services for 
1 5,000 members in Monstertown, Texas, or the miracu- 
lous revival of The Little Church That Could in 
Smalltown, USA. We would do well to consider what did 
happen or might have happened on that revival day called 
Pentecost, when the "early church" of Jesus' disciples, the 
discouraged, leaderless, and perhaps even in-hiding band 
was wondering what was coming next, even as many of us 
do now. 

Then exploded on them the manifestations of fire, wind, 

earthquake, and a miraculous "gift" of speaking and 
hearing "tongues" of heretofore unknown languages that 
some today call charisma. The word refers to a special 
gift of persuasion and attracting people to oneself and 
one's message, and it certainly was present on that first 
Pentecost Day. Reminiscent of the experience of Elijah on 
the mountain, these mysterious forces galvanized them as 
they did Elijah when the time of apparent success had 
suddenly deteriorated into death, depression, and a great 
uncertainty about what was coming next. 

Much wondering and discussion surround these events 
recorded in Acts 1 and the several other references that 
foretell them. "God," we say, "how we wish we could 
understand them better, in order to duplicate them in our 
own spiritual lives, so as to recreate the fervor of Christ- 
ian discipleship in these 'latter days.'" We read that they 
were together, both physically in that upper room and "in 
one accord," in prayer and a unity of spirit and purpose. 

How we wish we could duplicate that. Were they only the 
eleven-plus-one, the "new twelve"? And don't we want to 
think that the first "sisters" were also with the first "broth- 
ers," the former having faithfully followed 
and ministered both to Jesus and the rest 
of them, co-learners, providers of food, fel- 
lowship, and hospitality, even as our women 
do today? Indeed, we do! And surely all 
was not gloom and doom, dark prediction, 
and hollow clink of spoon on dish as in our 
traditional love feast. Surely there was 
laughter, joyful reminiscence, optimism, 
and hope. 

And then the explosion! It was morning, 
which fact was used to explain that the stun- 
ning phenomena were not the result of a 
communal hangover. Had it been a sleep- 
less night of prayerful watching? Was there 
any clue or premonition, or were they as 
taken by surprise as the community of many 
people and languages upon whom they burst 
from the upper room, the seedbed of rev- 
olution and unimaginable change? It was the birth day of 
the "church" of |esus Christ, whose fracturing and demise 
is lamented by many nearly two millennia later. 

What happened? I don't know. Fire. Wind. A shaking 
and roaring. An outburst of speaking and preaching, in 
which Peter's voice is identified, but apparently was 
accompanied by many others. And people of a dozen or 
more diverse and discreet ethnic and language back- 
grounds all hearing in their own tongue. How important 
this is can be imagined if you have ever been in a foreign 
[Setting in which you grasped the rudiments of how to find 
J restaurant or bathroom, but a street sermon on sin and 
salvation in the foreign language would have found you 
entirely unable to relate. 

Yet, they all understood every word, as if each one had 
one's own set of earphones and personal interpreter. And 
;hey were so many together and so moved by the message 
:hey heard, each one alone, that they rushed to respond, 
ind 3,000 were "saved." Does that raise the question of 

If we seriously 
considered the 


happenings of 

Pentecost, would 

we be willing for it 

to come again? 

what "Are you saved?" means? Is 3,000 a nice, round 
number? Or what? 

if even an approximation of what Acts 2 describes actu- 
ally happened, it is scary. If what preceded the visitation 
of the Holy Spirit is puzzling and commends its duplica- 
tion to us, what more of its aftermath? Three thousand, 
and these were baptized on the spot. And that is nothing, 
compared to the report that they were all immediately 
integrated into the life of the church, and were fed, taught 
to pray, and. . . . 

And that's just for starters. The preaching continued 
day after day, and the converts increased day after day, 
and people were giving up their possessions and turning 
their property over to the church. There is no mention 
that they ever went back to that tiny upper room again. 
And why should they? 

But in the many New Testament accounts and reports 
that follow this "first day," we read no mention of a single 
piece of ground being purchased or structure being 
erected to house these tens of thousands of disciples or 
their program of nurture, or witness or stewardship. No 
houses for pastors, no benefit plans. No 
stained glass, no "Akron plan," or 
padded seats, or divided chancel, or ele- 
vated deacons bench, or robe for priest 
or choir. Amazing, isn't it? Amazing 

We hear of the growth of the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria after 
its separation from the American mis- 
sion dependency. We are aware of great 
growth being recorded and predicted in 
some of the Hispanic ministries both 
stateside and elsewhere. Charismatic 
evangelistic growth is noted in places 
around the world, in many denomina- 
tions, and in many indigenous, 
nondenominational manifestations. 

If I could understand Pentecost 
and what it might mean for the experi- 
ence of church life and growth where I am, I would do 
well to reread Acts 2 and those passages that predict and 
follow it. I would do well to think and pray long and hard 
over these amazing accounts, sketchy and incredible as 
they are. And as they were together, I would do well to 
gather together with fellow believers in this study and 
search, seeking the common understanding of the disci- 
ples together, just as they did. 

What might happen if we prayed and sincerely sought 
to receive the "Spirit" of Acts 2, as in the poem of H.H. 
Tweedy: "O Spirit of the living God, / Thou Light and 
Fire divine, / Descend upon thy church once more / And 
make it truly thine." I would be afraid for my life and 
livelihood, certainly for my conventional pastorate and 
moderately remodeling little church building. How r-nr-, 
about you? r^^i 

Alan Kieffaber is pastor of Denton (Md.) Church of the Brethren. 

May 1997 Messenger 21 

Ministry to 

ciiildreii is a 

higii and iioiy 

privilege — a gift 

entrusted to us 

by God to help 

reconcile the 

world to Jesus 




by Robin Wentworth Mayer 

Be transformed by the 
renewing of your mind, that 
you may prove what the will 
of God is, that which is 
good and acceptable and 
perfect (Rom. 12:2, NASB). 

For a long time, I held 
a less than positive 
attitude toward vacation 
Bible school. Although I 
loved it as a child, when I 
became an adult I consid- 
ered Bible school a childish 
thing to put aside. For 
many years thereafter, as 1 
functioned in the church, 1 
had as little to do with 
Bible school as possible. 
And 1 had a long list of 

"Working with younger 
kids is not my area of 
greatest strength." (That 
was, and remains, true.) 

"I am much more effec- 
tive teaching adults." (That 
is also true.) 

"I carry a lot of responsi- 
bility in other areas of 
ministry." (True then; true 

"I don't have any kids 
involved, so why should I 
be expected to help?" (Or 
it's variation: "I'm done 
raising my kids, so. . . .") 

"Besides, I don't have the 
time." (Does anyone? Our 
Bible school director put 
me to shame each evening, 
coming straight to the 
church from work still in 
her nursing uniform.) 

God began dismantling 
these attitudes in me a few 
years ago, until last 

summer, when they were 
completely demolished and 
transformed into joy — 
pure, unadulterated, 
unshakable joy. 

Don't get me wrong; it 
made me tired. In fact, five 
straight nights of energetic, 
excited, wound-up kids 
racing from one session to 
the next left me downright 

But it was a happy, fulfill- 
ing kind of tiredness — the 
satisfaction of a job-well- 
done kind of tiredness. As I 
assessed the impact of the 
week, I was amazed that I 
had had more fun than I 
had experienced in any 
other single event since I 
entered pastoral ministry. 

But joy and fun notwith- 
standing, important work 
was accomplished. One 
Bible school worker told me 
about her six-year-old 
nephew watching a video of 
his cousin's baptism. After 
a few moments, he turned 
to his grandmother and 
asked, "Grandma, is that 
what the inside of a church 
looks like?" 

That very same scene is 
being played out right 
under our very noses 
among our relatives, neigh- 
bors, and coworkers. Bible 
school is not just about fun 
and games for kids and a 
"night off" for neighbor- 
hood parents. It's about 
bringing young people and 
their families into the circle 
of God's love. 

And, guys, it's not just for 
your daughters and wives. I 
often hear the complaint 

that there is a shortage of 
strong male leadership in 
the church today. But what 
can we expect? When little 
boys grow up having only 
female helpers in the nurs- 
ery, Sunday school, 
children's church, and Bible 
school, how can they help 
but get the idea that church 
is basically a "girl's thing"? 

Ministry to children is a 
high and holy privilege — a 
gift entrusted to us by God 
to help reconcile the world 
to lesus Christ. Tragically, 
many Bible school pro- 
grams are aborted every 
summer for lack of help, 
which is largely attributable 
to the barrier of church 
members' attitudes. 

When we hold on to neg- 
ative beliefs about various 
aspects of ministry, our 
attitudes become stumbling 
blocks to God's work. But 
when we cooperate with 
God's intention to renew 
our minds (in other words, 
change our thinking), our 
attitudes are transformed 
from stumbling blocks into 
stepping stones, and we can 
"prove what the will of God 
is, that which is good and 
acceptable and perfect" 
(Rom. 12:2). 


Robin Wentworth Mayer is 
pastor of Kokomo (Ind.) Church of 
tlie Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and opin- 
ions — snapsltots of life — that we Iwpe 
are helpful to readers in their Christian 
journey. As the writer said in her first 
installment, "Remember, when it comes 
to managing life's difficulties, we don't 
need to walk on water. We just need to 
learn where the stepping stones are. " 

22 Messenger May 1997 






BY Robert E. Alley 

Read: Luke 12:22-34. 

\Tl was Pentecost Sunday — the sev- 
I enth Sunday after Easter, when we 
Christians remember and celebrate 
the gift of the Holy Spirit to fill our 
ives and draw us together as Christ's 
people. As the congregation filed into 
church, ushers handed each person a 
oright red carnation to symbolize the 
Festive spirit of the day. People lis- 
tened attentively to the reading of the 
Pentecost story from Acts. It told how 
:he disciples heard "what sounded 
ike a powerful wind from heaven" 
and how the Holy Spirit appeared 
'like tongues of fire." Then came the 
sermon. The preacher began with 
'The Spirit of the Lord is upon us." A 
ivoman sitting in the front pew 
ihouted, "Like a powerful wind from 
"leaven!" She threw one of the red 
carnations toward the altar. So the 
areacher started again with "The 
Spirit of the Lord is upon us!" The 
same woman's voice rang out: "Like 
ongues of fire! Like tongues of fire!" 
\gain she threw a red carnation 
oward the altar. The preacher looked 
straight at her and said, "Now throw 
/our pocketbook!" At that, the woman 
•eplied more softly, "Now, preacher, 
/ou have just calmed the wind and put 
Jut the fire!" 

Preachers have been accused of 
neddling in human life. Perhaps 
hat's part of the job. If it is, then 
here is no more sensitive area to 
neddle in than the one of money. 
Sometimes, preachers have been 
iccused of ethical violations in the 
nanagement of money. Several years 
igo, a popular TV preacher was 
ound guilty of mismanaging funds 

from contributors. He pulled time in 
the pen as a result. 

I am glad to be part of a community 
of faith in which the budgeting and 
management of funds are a joint 
responsibility. Part of the success of 
the Billy Graham ministry may be 
attributed to this pattern in its money 
management. Early in his ministry, 
Graham consulted with leaders in the 
stewardship department of the 
National Council of Churches or 

Minds occupied vuith 

earthly treasures 

create hearts that 

become over anxious 

or hard. Minds 

occupied u^ith God's 

rule in endeavors of 

love and peace create 

hearts that grow in 

their generosity and 


another ecumenical group regarding 
the handling of his evangelistic 
finances. Their advice was that the 
funds be managed by people other 
than himself, and that all workers 
receive a salary rather than the pro- 
ceeds of an offering. He took that 
advice. When I worked with a 
Graham Crusade in Martinsburg, 
W.Va., I learned that all funds 
received were handled locally. The 
Graham organization was paid a con- 

tract price for particular services, 
including that of the evangelist. If all 
costs of the Crusade were covered 
through local donations prior to the 
Crusade itself, no offerings were even 
necessary during the week. 

All of us believe that money matters. 
We earn it; we save it; we spend it; we 
love it; sometimes we hate it; we 
anticipate it; we wrestle with it; we 
share it; we hoard it. Ultimately, we 
leave it. In our attempts to be pious, 
we may deny that money matters. Yet 
as Harry Emerson Fosdick wrote, 
money "is your personal energy 
reduced to portable form and 
endowed with power you do not pos- 
sess." Money is a product of human 
innovation, but full of holy and 
demonic potential. 

Some people are reluctant to speak 
about money in the church, as though 
it were irrelevant to ministry. One 
pastor said, "People go nuts when 
they talk about money." Celia Allison 
Hahn from Alban Institute wrote, 
"They would rather tell you about 
their most painful traumas or the inti- 
mate details of their most private lives 
than let you in on how much money 
they make and what they do with it." 
Church leaders may even apologize 
for talking about it. Many church 
study groups refuse or hesitate to use 
resources on the topic. As a result, 
congregations gravitate toward a 
maintenance or survival mode instead 
of letting visions of mission and min- 
istry blossom. 

The reality is that money does 
matter. As a measure of personal 
energy and portable power, our reluc- 
tance to deal openly with money 
reflects how private we really are 
regarding matters of faith and now 
fearful we may be of anyone, even 

May 1997 Messenger 23 

ourselves, assessing our faithfulness 
to Christ and the church. Still, 
money is a hot topic. Books and 
magazines abound to explain how to 
earn it, how to save it, how to shelter 
it, and how to make it grow. Does 
ever a day go by that money does not 
appear in your mind? Richard Foster 
sees money as one of the three most 
seductive forces today, along with 
sex and power. 

A father purchased a large table 
globe for his children as a Christmas 
gift. As they opened his gift, he noted 
a hint of disappointment on their 
faces. "What's wrong?" he asked. 
"Well, Daddy, we really wanted one 
with a light on the inside." Dutifully, 
the father exchanged the globe for a 
different model. A friend asked him 
what he learned from the experience. 
He replied, "1 learned that it costs a 
lot more to light the world." [esus 
said something about us being the 
light of the world. 

In a time of growing costs and 
diminishing resources, one truth 

remains unchanged: Money is a sub- 
stantive matter for the Christian's 
journey. }esus spoke more about 
money and possessions than any 
other subject except the kingdom of 
God. Of the 38 recorded parables of 
lesus, 16, almost half, are about 
money and possessions. Clearly, 
money mattered in the culture and 
times of lesus and the New Testa- 
ment church, as well as in our own. 

Now, what about these money 
matters? Several Bible verses have 
served as guides and warnings. In 
1 Timothy 6:10, it is written that 
"the love of money is a root of all 
kinds of evil" — a direct and inclusive 
reminder of what drives evil in our 
lives. Not money itself, for it is rather 
neutral. Our relationship with money 
makes the difference. Will it be an 
object for our lust or our beneficial 
service? In Luke 12:22-34 and in 
other stories, Jesus addressed these 
money matters in the context of rela- 
tionship with our possessions. He 
doesn't appear to have condemned 

people for either making or having 

In one story, |esus offered concerr 
for the rich and the righteous: 
"There is still one thing lacking. Selll 
all that you own and distribute the 
money to the poor" (Luke 18:22). 
The ruler to whom this was spoken 
was wealthy and good, but didn't 
know a generous heart. He had only 
a receiving and accumulating heart. 
lesus saw his need to become a gen- 
erous benefactor. We, with our 
wealth and our goodness, need to 
listen to that story and examine our- 

The story of the poor widow 
putting her "two small copper coins'" 
into the temple treasury (Luke 
21:1—4) would expand the illustra- 
tion so that generosity with money 
was not restricted to those who have 
much. In proportion, the widow gave 
more than the richest. 

Early in my ministry, a family in 
the congregation suffered their 
second home fire. They lost almost 

We're Building a House! 

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California I labitat for 1 lumanity need help building 
a house during the Church of the Brethren's 211th 
Annual Conference. 

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• framing • Roofing • Drywalling • Vinyl Siding 

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materials. Coniributions can be made through the 
limergency Disaster fund. Send checks designated for the 
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Church of the Brethren Sponsors: Brethren Volunteer Service, 
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For More Information or 
an Application Contact: 

Disaster Besponse 


24 Messenger May 1997 

/erything. When they came to wor- 
lip the next Sunday, someone 
bserved the wife in the family plac- 
ig her offering as usual into the 
Dliection plate. Her generosity 
(ceeded her tragedy. 
Generosity crosses economic lines 
) offer one aspect in money matters. 
;sus neither told nor tells everyone 
) sell all he has and give it away, 
istead, the gospel calls us all to a 
;nerosity that shares our treasured 
isources in proportion to the faith 
e claim and the goodness we pos- 

Remember the story of the Good 
amaritan (Luke 10:25—3 7). When 
le Samaritan took the injured man 
) the inn, he used his money to pro- 
de for the man's care. Money is not 
lerely a resource for generosity, but 
means for servant care. lesus com- 
lended the Samaritan for his 
;rvice. Money offers the opportu- 
ity to benefit others. It is the 
Drtable means of servant power for 
ich of us to do what we may not be 
3le or qualified to do by ourselves. 
Consider the story of Mary and the 
3stly perfume she used to anoint 
!sus' feet (John 12:3-8). She was 
iprimanded by |udas for her extrav- 
Jance and for not selling the 
;rfume (worth nearly a year's 
ages for a laborer) and giving the 
loney to the poor. Yet Jesus com- 
lended her act as one of holy love, 
ife affords us opportunities to use 
ur money for expressions of love, 
id these may not be only for those 
eking the necessities of life. 
Jesus' instruction regarding money 
latters seems to authenticate what 
osdick says: "It is our personal 
lergy reduced to portable form and 
idowed with power we do not pos- 
;ss." As we make decisions 
;garding its use, we reflect our per- 
3nal values and interests. Money, 
;sus indicated, mirrors who we are. 
he treatment of money — how it is 
jrned and how it is spent — is one of 
le most decisive tests of a person's 

However much the New Testament 
nd the words of Jesus in particular 
ress the evil potential in money, the 
ood news is that money does not 

have to seduce and dominate. It can 
be extremely useful for sharing, exer- 
cising Christian compassion, 
correcting inequities, promoting eco- 
nomic justice, building the church, 
and extending the kingdom of God. 
Clement of Alexandria, a 2nd-cen- 
tury church leader, said, "Wealth is 
at our disposal, an instrument that 
can be used well or foolishly. How it 
is used does not depend on the 

instrument, but on the person who is 
using it. If we use it well, it is a valu- 
able servant — a servant that can do 
good things for us, and for those 
who depend on us. If we use it badly, 
it is an unhelpful servant — a servant 
that causes us and our friends end- 
less harm." This wisdom carries 
contemporary relevance. 

Money matters. It mattered to 
Jesus as he told what it means to live 

Because You Need 

Protection You Can 

Count On 

W hen a fire broke out at Elkhart City 
Church of the Brethren in Elkhart, Indiana, 
many members wondered how long it would 
be before they could worship there again. 
But they were about to experience a 
wonderful surprise. 

''Mutual Aid was right there when we 
needed them," says Ted Noffsinger, who 
supervised the reconstruction. "The approach 
I saw was, 'We have a policyholder with a 
problem. Let's do what we can, as fast as we 
can, to get him back in business.'" 

If that's the protection you 'd like to experience, then 
you should know Mutual Aid Association also offers 
homeowner's insurance at very competitive rates. To 
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Brethren you trust. Since 1885. 

May 1997 Messenger 25 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius ' Puddle " from Messenger (o 
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time use. $10 for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 



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an abundant and fulfilling life. Oth- 
erwise, he would not have told 
stories calling for generosity and fo 
servant care with it. 

Money matters to the family. Eacll 
of us carries responsibility for our 
family members in providing for 
life's resources, including instructic 
for children in how to manage mom; 

Money matters to our society. Ho 
we use money in business and gov- 
ernment relates not only to prudent 
investment and growth, but also to 
opportunities for human justice and 

Money matters to the church. Wit 
it, the church can continue the woxV 
of fesus by nurturing faith in all gen 
erations and by supporting 
opportunities for witness and servic 
in Jesus' name. With our attitudes 
regarding money, we can truly affec 
the wind and fire of Christ's people. 

But most of all, money matters to 
the heart. Jesus said in words that 
need to be the conscience in each of 
us: "Where your treasure is, there 
your heart will be also" (Luke 
12:34). Life is like a gathering of 
wealth. Minds occupied with earthly 
treasures create hearts that become 
over anxious or hard. Minds occu- 
pied with God's rule in endeavors oi 
love and peace create hearts that 
grow in their generosity and service. 
When you build a house, your lende 
expects you to put some money up 
front for the project. Jesus didn't saj 
we have to put our money in the 
kingdom before we enter, but he did 
indicate that our heart will not be 
there unless our treasure is there 

Money and its potential influence 
calls for our respect. In more words 
of Harry Emerson Fosdick, "It can 
go where we cannot go; speak lan- 
guages we cannot speak; lift burdens 
we cannot touch with our fingers; 
save lives with which we cannot deal 

Where our treasure is, there 
our heart will be also. 

Robert E. Alley is pastor of Bridgewater 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren. 


26 Messenger May 1997 


\f God has seen fit to arate and to 
:ontinu€ creating a diverse world, 
'hen it is incumbajt upon us, God's 
leopk, to honor and respect it. 

If ^^ 

et's have harmony 

"he tandem positioning of the March 
/Iessencer letters "E.T., Phone 
iarth" — which speaks of the "inclu- 
iveness of Christ's love for ail 
luman beings" — and "No Place in 
'hurch for Gays" highlights the lack 
'f unity among us on a basic ques- 
ion: Is everyone welcome? 

If God has seen fit to create and to 
continue creating a diverse world, 
then it is incumbent upon us, the 
people of God, not only to tolerate 
that diversity, but to honor and 
respect it. All people are created in 
God's image, and are entitled to 
being treated with dignity. 

I have great respect for the Peace 
Church tradition of the Church of 

the Brethren. 1 do not see how we 
can ever hope to achieve peace with 
justice in the world if we cannot live 
in harmony in our own congrega- 
tions and communities. 

My congregation, Columbia 
United Christian church (an affilia- 
tion of United Church of Christ, 
Church of the Brethren, and Disci- 
ples of Christ), is an "open and 
affirming" congregation. We mem- 
bers support each other on our 
spiritual journey without being judg- 
mental about where each of us is on 
that journey. In our regular liturgy, 
we say, "We give thanks that the 
living Christ invites us and all people 

Elder John Kline Bicentennial Celebration 

June 12-15, 1997 

Linville Creek Church of the Brethren 

Broadway, Virginia 

Capture some of the spirit and vision of Elder Kline through 20 presentations under four theme tracks: Woyks]\OTp & Preach- 
ing; Civil War Background & Issues; Gemian Baptist Leaders, Relationships & Transition; John Kline as a Leader Guest speakers 
include: Fred Benedict, Tim Binkley, Emmert Bittinger, Carl Bowman, Dale Brown, Don Dumbaugh, Ray Gingench, 
Michelle Grimm, John L. Heatwole, William Kostlevy, Steve Longenecker, Dale Stoffer, Phil Stone, Klaus Wust. Other 
leaders include Jeff Bach, Ken Bomberger, Chris Douglas, Alice Geiman, Kate Johnson, David Radcliff Judy Mills Reimer, 
Mary Ahce Womble. 

Experience the setting of the Early Brethren and Elder Kline through six tours: the Church cemetery where Elder Kline, his 
wife and other leaders are buried; the John Kline Farm Home; the Tunker House, home of Peter Nead and M.R. Zigler; 
the Memorial Martyr where Kline was killed; a Last Day Walk tracing Kline's final hours; and a Heritage Horseback Ride 
over the countryside Kline traveled. 

Learn about Kline and the Early Brethren through nearly 35 exhibits; Children's Learning Centers with Heritage Passports; 
Junior High Scavenger Hunt on Klme's History; Senior High Heritage Retreat and Walk. 

Celebrate Elder Klme's birthday through a dinner theatre. The Final Journey of John Kline, at the Broadway High School each 
night; two Heritage Concerts with Andy & Terry Murray; an Old Order Worship Sunday morning; a Memorial Service 
Sunday afternoon. 

General Registrarion after May 5, 1997: $7.50 per day; Child Care, $7.50 per day; Children's and Junior High Activities, 
$17.50 per day; Senior High Heritage Retreat, $42.00; Hentage Horseback Ride, $25.00. 

Shuttle services provided between all sites, with golf carts for those who have difficulty walking. 

For more information and additional resources on John Kline's life and witness, contact Paul Roth, coordinator/pastor, 
Lmville Creek Church of the Brethren, 405 E. Spnngbrook Road, Broadway, VA 22815-9631 (540-896-5001); e-mail: 

May 1997 Messenger 27 


HosEA, Joel, and Amos 

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Rosea, Joel, and Amos are the first three of the prophetic 
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Hosea and Amos are the first of the great classical 
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Birch shows how these prophets spoke to issues that dominated their times — 
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inclusivity — and that continue to have great relevance today. 


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Few books of the Bible have had a reversal of fortune as strange 
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the end of the world, or for both. 

Catherine Gunsalus Gonzalez and Justo Gonzalez, two foremost 

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and adult study groups, yet of significant value to scholars and students as well. 

Their insightful analysis yields new understanding of this challenging book. 

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of all spiritual paths, ages, abilities, 
races, sexual orientations, and fel- 
lowships into our community of love; 
and healing." 

Raymond T. Donaldsc 
Columbia, Mii 

Check out Gamaliel's booth 

At a most crucial time, when emo- 
tions and passions were high, 
Gamaliel (Acts 5:34-39) brought 
forth some very wise counsel: How 
we treat people whom we feel are 
misguided or worse is very impor- 
tant. If what they are up to is not of 
God, it will pass. If it is of God, 
then certainly we do not want to be 
found fighting with God. 

It is not acceptable behavior when 
some Brethren treat others in less 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessarih 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive then 
in the same spirit with which differing opinion 
are expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief concise, and respectfU 
of the opinions of others. Preference is given P. 
letters that respond directly to items read in thi 

We are willing to withhold the name of a write 
only when, in our editorial judgement, it i 
warranted. We will not consider any letter tha: 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print thi 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest confidenct 

Address letters to Messenger, 1451 Dundel 
Ave., Elgin, LL 60120. 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Director of Ministry 

Team development and coordination in devel- 
oping a system to call, equip, and support 
people for ministerial leadership. 

Director of Brethren Witness 

Grounding in Brethren heritage, theology, and 
polity: ability to assist people and congrega- 
tions in giving voice and shape to Brethren 
beliefs, values, and witness. 

Send Resume and cover letter to Glenn 
Timmons, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120, 
by May 15. 

28 Messenger May 1997 

lan respectful ways. Do our words 
nd actions and reactions reflect 
eing team members, or being in 
pposition to one another? If warm 
earts and cool minds do not prevail, 
len we too may be found fighting 
gainst God. 

Early Brethren seemed to be in 
jne with Gamaliel's practical 
/isdom — always open to more light 
nd truth. Truth that we are likely to 
liss may come from those whom we 
5ast expect it to. 

We present-day Brethren need 
elpful, creative channels for 
xpressing strongly held beliefs. So 
/hat about having a "Table of 
jamaliel" at Annual Conference? 

Some zealous Brethren sometimes 
ush certain agendas and materials. 
Lnd they also want materials that not 
lUowed or are censored. 

Make such materials available at 
he "Table of Gamaliel," and there 
ould be some enlightening inter- 
hange. Indeed, some items of 
'onference business might wisely be 
abled until there are more light and 
ruth to guide the action. 

Unless we practice more wisdom 
f Gamaliel, all the fellowship, wor- 
hip, and actions of Conference . . . 
nd the effort put into the "new 
esign" . . . may prove futile. 

Roger Eberly 
Milford, lnd. 

'assing on "blessed hope" 

'he earthly life of Jesus was spent in 
/hat we would call today a Third 
Vorld country. People suffered from 
ard times and lack of hope. Jesus' 
lessage was for the ears of those 
/ithout hope. That hope he offered 
elped believers to endure and the 
hurch to grow. 

That same hope is what we should 
e offering today to people who are 
nslaved by oppressive economic and 
olitical systems. (See "Where 
'here's All Work and No Play," 
4arch, page 18.) 

Hope does not require the trap- 

Hear him spea\ at the Messenger Dinner 

July 3, 1997, Long Beach, Calif. 

Patric^ Mellerson 

Piistor oj Butler Chapel African Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Orangeburg, S.C. 

"From the Ashes: 
Building Bridges of Hope 

The Church of the Brethren is 
helping rebuild Butler Chapel, 
tvhich tvas burned by arsonists 
in March 1996. 

For dinner tickets, call the Annual 
Conference office at (800) 323-8039. 
Tickets also available in Long Beach 
at .Annual Conference ticket sales. 

COB Washington Office 

a bridge between members of the 
church and public policy makers 

Nearly forty years ago, the 1957 Annual Conference 
proclaimed, "We believe that in a democracy Christians must 
assume responsibility for helping to create intelligent public 
opinion which will result in legislation in harmony with the 
eternal laws of God." 

The Washington Office provides members of the church free and concise 
information about current federal policies within the context of our Brethren 
tradition. The Witness to Washington newsletter provides updates on current 
issues, excerpts of Annual Conference statements which help guide our actions, 
and information on how to contact policy makers. Key issues include: 



Church and State 




Women's Justice 

Middle East 

Death Penalty 

Children's Issues 

Civil Rights 

Latin America 

If you are interested in promoting national and international efforts for a world of 
greater peace, justice and stewardship of God's creation, contact the Church of 
the Brethren Washington Office, 337 North Carolina Ave SE, Washington, DC 
20003, or e-mail The newsletter and additional alerts are also 
available by electronic mail. 

Stay informed and live out Christ's call to active 
peace making by joining the Washington Office network. 

May 1997 Messenger 29 

call (800) 323-80391^ ext. 247 
Ask for Vicki. 

.v;;^:.?:.';" y.C :-:.-- :'.c::i.iS'Silii!L¥.::i-3K>"Si^- 

in Prayer 

Daily prayer guide: 

Sunday: Your congregation's ministries 

iVIonday: Annual Conference officers 

Tuesday: General Board and staff 

Wednesday: District executives, 

Bethany Seminary, colleges 

and university 
Thursday: General Services 

Friday: Parish Ministries 
Saturday: World Ministries 

May prayer concerns: 

Congregation: Mothers Day, May 
1 1 ; graduates. 

Annual Conference: Moderator and 
moderator-elect; executive director. 

General Board: Interim Leadership 
Team; employees being dismissed; 
search committee for executive direc- 
tor of the General Board; Transition 

Districts and colleges: Bethany 
Seminary graduation. May 1 1; stu- 
dents seeking summer jobs. 

General Services: Human Resources 
staff; Planned Giving staff. 

Parish Ministries: National Youth 
Sunday, May 4; discussions with 
Association of Brethren Caregivers. 

World Ministries: SERRV; discus- 
sions with On Earth Peace Assembly. 

pings of church life as we know it 
today or the luxuries of our society. 
It does require a Spirit-filled heart 
focused on manifesting the fruit of 
the Spirit and pruning away the 

We can do our part in improving 
the lot of the world's working chil- 
dren by refusing to purchase goods 
from those who abuse those children. 
But we need to understand that 
falling trade barriers will transfer 
some of our own prosperity to those 
underpaid workers. 

lolin Bloiich 
Lebanon, Pa. 

Part of my heritage 

I am 81 years old, and Messenger 
has always been a part of my life. 
Although it has changed a lot over 
the years, I cannot imagine being 
without it. 

I have had two or three articles 
published in the magazine. And in 
my scrapbook I have an article that 
my grandfather ]. H. Quillhorst had 
published in The Gospel Messenger. 

So Messenger is part of my her- 

Marie Griffii 
Carleton. Ne^ 

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30 Messenger May 1997 


iley, Cecil and Pauline. 

Verona, Va.. 55 
nderson, Charles and Wilma. 

Fort Wayne, Ind.. 50 
alsbaugh, loe and Arlene, 

Macy, Ind.. 60 
ealer, Harold and La Verne. 

Lancaster. Pa.. 60 
ixler. William and Clantha, 

Carlisle, Pa., 50 
oose. Raymond and Mary. 

Hollidaysburg. Pa.. 50 
owman, Harold and Caro- 
line. Harrisonburg. Va.. 50 
oyer. Ernest and Ruth. 

Carlisle, Pa.. 60 
rubaker, lohn and Orlena. 

Lititz. Pa.. 55 
ryant, Kenneth and Ruby, 

Goshen, Ind., 60 
yrem, Gerald and Lois, 

Strasburg. Pa., 50 
handler. Bob and Betty. 

Beaxercreek. Ohio. 50 
layton, lohn and Fran, 

Mount Solon, Va.. 55 
'lingenpeeL Leon and 

Catherine. Avilla, Ind.. 50 
rummett, Wilmer and 

Thelma. Bridgewater, Va., 

lulp, Fred and Evelyn, Nap- 

panee, Ind., 60 
'ick, LaDean and Mary Alice. 

Fort Wayne. Ind., 50 
orwart, jack and Yolanda, 

Vero Beach, Fla.. 50 
rb. Earl and Kathryn, 

Ephrata. Pa.. 60 
tslnger, Bud and Ruby. New 

Paris. Ind.. 50 
ields, Ernest and Isabel. 

Goshen, Ind., 50 
jfer, Willie and Mary, Mount 

Solon, Va.. 65 
rederick, Carlyle and luanita. 

Nappanee. Ind.. 50 
rindrich, Harold and 

Thelma. Hershey, Pa.. 50 
arner, Lloyd and Helen. 

Kansas City. Kan.. 55 
inton. Bill and Emma. Mar- 

tinsburg. Pa.. 55 
odgden, Glen and DeLouris, 

Kansas City, Mo., 55 
iodgden. Merle and Frances. 

Kansas City. Mo.. 55 
iolderman. Earl and Kathryn, 

Modesta, Calif., 50 
lowes, Robert and Ruth, 
! Bridgewater. Va.. 50 
l>seph, David and Mary. 
1 Onekama. Mich.. 60 
layman. Ward and Maxine, 
I Dayton. Va.. 55 
jlatheny, Russell and Alberta, 

Dayton. Ohio. 50 
leadows, Richard and Alice. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa., 60 
liller, Robert and Dorothy, 

Bridgewater. Va.. 50 
liller, Warren and Treva. 

Beavercreek. Ohio. 50 
.ichols, Linford and Sarah. 

Hopewell. Va.. 60 
ielsen, Alfred and Ethel. 

Modesto, Calif.. 55 
acker, Oscar and Ann, Mid- 

dlebury, Ind.. 50 
faltzgrafr, Roy and Violet, 

Lancaster, Pa.. 50 

Quarry, Lloyd and Elizabeth. 
Martinsburg, Pa.. 50 

Shaffer, Dean and Atlegra, 
Windber. Pa.. 65 

Shcnk, Paul and Blanche. 
Carlisle. Pa., 50 

Sherman, Gerald and 

Dorothy, Goshen, Ind.. 60 

Simmons, Melvin and Geor- 
gia, Mount Solon, Va.. 50 

Smith, Kenny and Dorothy. 
New Paris. Ind.. 55 

Tritt, Clair and Mary. Carlisle, 
Pa., 50 

Wampler, Stanley and Mazie, 
Harrisonburg, Va., 50 

Wampler, Weldon and Cather- 
ine, Bridgewater, Va., 55 

Weber, Clinton and Dena. Van- 
couver, Wash.. 50 

Young, Forest and Lora Lee, 
Harrisonburg, Va.. 55 

Zack, loe and Ruth, Kansas 
City, Kan.. 60 


Gauby. Martin, from district 
executive, S. Plains, to West 
Goshen. N. Ind. 

McDaniel, Alton, from retired 
to Cedar Run, Shen. 

Peyton, James M., from secu- 
lar to Myersville, Mid. Atl. 


Arendt, Patricia I.. Feb. 13. 

1997, Gettysburg, S. Pa. 
DeVore, Thomas A.. March I, 

1997, Boulder Hill, Ill./Wis. 
Hanks, Thomas, April 27, 

1997, Roanoke, Oak Grove, 

Hartman, Charles L.. |an. 27. 

1997. New Fairview, S. Pa. 
Ilyes, lohn S.. Ian. 29. 1997. 

New Fairview, S. Pa. 
Laue, Ron, Aug. 2, 1996. 

Northern Colorado. W. 

Lehigh, Daniel G., March 1. 

1997. Upper Conewago, S. 

MacDonald, ]. Christopher, 

Feb. 13, 1997, Gettysburg, 

S. Pa. 
Pheasant, lanelle, Dec. 18, 

1996, Huntingdon, Stone. 

Mid. Pa. 
Rediger, Anita. Oct. 8. 1996. 

Yellow Creek. N. Ind. 
Reinhold, Charles H.. Sept. 

14. 1996, Flower Hill, Mid. 

Replogle, Shawn, April 23, 

1996, Bridgewater, Shen. 
Riley, Richard D.. Nov. 1. 

1996, Frostburg, W. Marva 
Rivera, Marcelo Otero, May 

11. 1996. Pueblo de Dios. 

Atl. S.E. 
Sayler, Barbara, Aug. 2, 1996, 

Eden Valley, W. Plains 
Shively, Paula M., |an. 25, 

1997, Huntington. S/C Ind. 
Smith, Leonard W.. [an, 29. 

1997, Rouzerville, S. Pa. 
Spaid, Darrel R., Nov. 4. 
1996. Maple Springs. W. 

Spencer, Brain E.. Sept. 14. 

1996. Rockton. W. Pa. 
Spire, Samuel G., Nov. 23. 

1996, French Broad, S.E. 
Stevens, Rahn L.. March 1, 

1997, Prairie View, 
W. Plains 

Dim, David. Nov. 9, 1996, Mt. 

Pleasant. N. Ohio 
VanVoorhis, Valeria, March 4, 

1997, Anderson, S/C Ind. 
Villanueva, Oscar Lopez, |r.. 

May 1 1, 1996, Iglesia 

Christiana-Getsemani, Atl. 

Walern, Steven E.. |an. 1. 

1997. Cedar Grove, S. Ohio 
Webster, |erry R., March 1. 

1997, Boulder Hill, Ill./Wis. 
Wetzel, Howard, Feb. 27, 

1997, Wakemans Grove, 

Williams, loan H., Feb. 15. 

1997, Arcadia, Atl. S.E. 


Malone, Sarah 0., Feb. 1, 

1997, Univ. Baptists 

Brethren, Mid. Pa. 
McAdams, Ronald L., Oct. 26, 

1996, Middle District, S, 

Reese, Sherry Lynn, Aug. 3. 

1996. Beacon Heights, N. 

Reininger, Linda L.. Aug. 2, 

1996, Nanty Glo, W. Pa. 
Snyder, Sue E.. Nov. 16. 

1996. Highland Ave., 

Sumpter, Lynette. Aug. 3. 

1996. Pine Creek, N. Ind. 
Taylor, lack, May 11, 1996, 

Cumberland, S.E. 
Teal, Mark. Sept. 14, 1996, 

Black River, N. Ohio 
Wright, lames, |an. 18, 1997, 

Greencastle, S. Pa. 


Adams, Elizabeth, 90, New 
Oxford, Pa.. Feb. 23. 1997 

Adams, Mary, 60, Rockwood. 
Pa., Ian. 18, 1997 

Ahalt, Doris, 65, Hagerstown, 
Md.. |une2. 1996 

Anderson, Charles A.. 54. 
Kokomo. Ind.. Feb. 1 7, 

Applequist, Wanda, 65, 

Franklin Grove, 111.. Dec. 8. 

Arey, Carl E., 68. Dayton. Va., 
Jan. 20. 1997 

Arnold, Opal, 4 1 , South Whit- 
ney, Ind.. Nov. 29. 1996 

Aschliman, Kathryne. 89, 
Goshen, Ind.. Aug. 2. 1996 

Bailey, Edwin, 65, 

Phoenixville, Pa., Oct. 7, 

Baker, Gerald, 50, Martins- 
burg, Pa.. Nov. 27, 1996 

Barkdoll, Eugene C, 85, Way- 
nesboro. Pa.. Dec. 10. 1996 

Barnhart, Eugene F., 82, Way- 
nesboro, Pa., Nov. 4. 1996 

Bauer, Pauline A.. 85. New 
Paris. Ind.. Dec. 28, 1996 

Baugher. Duane. 62. Oxon 
Hill. Md., Dec. 6, 1996 

Baum, Glenn, 73, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., Aug. 30, 1996 

Bauser, Ethel. 90. Greenbank. 
Va., Sept. 17, 1996 

Beahm, E. Russell, 91, Har- 
risonburg, Va., |an. 9. 1997 

Benner, Shane. 1 1 mo., 

Hagerstown. Md., May 22, 

Bennett, Richard A., 38. Ligo- 
nier. Pa.. Aug. 29, 1996 

Benz, Henry, 73, Numa, Iowa, 
Oct. 15, 1996 

Besse, Erma F., 90, Alliance, 
Ohio, May 12, 1996 

Bird, Charles W.. 72, Conti- 
nental, Ohio, Ian. 26. 1997 

Blosser. Roy. 86. Nappanee. 
Ind.. Nov. 9. 1996 

Blough, losephine. 93. Eliza- 
bethtown. Pa.. Sept. 22, 

Boardwell, Robert, 70, 
Oregon City, Ore., |an. 3, 

Boatman, lames, 62, Jersey 
Shore, Pa., Nov. 30. 1996 

Bolyard, Lincoln. 73, 

Moatsville, W.Va., Sept. 15. 

Bolinger, Maude, 99, Peace 
Valley, Mo., Dec. 25, 1996 

Bosserman, Fred E., 82, York, 
Pa.. March 2, 1997 

Boyers, Harry S. Sr., 81, Port 
Republic, Va.. Nov. 1 1, 

Brammell, Violette, 87, 

McPherson, Kan., Nov. 12. 

Brandenburg, Everett. 82. 
North Manchester, Ind.. 
Feb. 15. 1997 

Brandt, |acob. 90. Elizabeth- 
town. Pa.. Feb. 10. 1997 

Breeden, Betty B.. 64, Har- 
risonburg, Va.. Feb. 7. 1997 

Bridge, Grady S.. 84. New 
Carlisle. Ohio, Oct. 24. 

Bright, |. Calvin. 81, Dayton, 
Ohio, )an. 8, 1997 

Brown, Florence. 92. Martins- 
burg, Pa.. Aug. 7, 1996 

Brubaker, Edyth, 87 Lan- 
caster. Pa.. Oct. 4. 1996 

Brubaker, Elizabeth. 96. Lan- 
caster. Pa.. Oct. 27, 1996 

Brubaker, Nina. 97. La Verne. 
CaliL. Nov. 12. 1996 

Brumbaugh, Emma, 89, Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa.. Oct. 13. 1996 

Brumbaugh, Robert, 69, 
Hartville, Ohio, Dec. 9. 

Bucher, Cyrus G., 83, 
Biglerville. Pa.. Aug. 23. 

Carr, Kim A., 41. York. Pa.. 
Dec. 14. 1996 

Cassidy. Ann L. 92, Harrison- 
burg, Va.. Ian. 11, 1997 

Chaney, Margaret L., 81. 
Grantsville. Pa., Aug. 

Chronister, Preston E.. 75. 
York. Pa., March 15, 1997 

Clark, Willis. 61, Hagerstown. 
Md.. Feb. 18. 1996 

Coffman, Clarence E.. 75. 
Roanoke. Va.. Dec. 9. 1996 

Copenhaver, Mable, 89, 
Goshen, Ind.. Oct. 15. 

Cooper, Eva B.. 82. Harman. 

W. Va.. Nov. 11. 1996 
Cooper, Troy, 65, Continental, 

Ohio, May 19. 1996 
Cooper, William M., 87, New 

Carlisle, Ohio, Dec. 

Corle, Grace E.. 79. Gulfport. 

Miss., Oct. 9. 1996 
Covaie, Elsie M., 85, lohn- 

stown. Pa., Dec. 8. 1996 
Covarl, Mary G.. 90. New 

Oxford. Pa., March 15. 

Craven, Margaret. 96. Read- 
ing. Pa., Nov. 10, 1996 
Crossan, Thomas Jr.. 74. 

Ephrata. Pa.. Aug. 24.1996 
Cullison, Oscar T. 82. Get- 
tysburg. Pa., Oct. 7, 1996 
Gulp, Edna, 88, Columbia, 

Ohio, Dec. 31. 1996 
Gulp, Hazel V, 100. Goshen. 

Ind.. Aug. 9, 1996 
Cummings, Shelle L.. 22, 

York, Pa., Nov. 21. 1996 
Cupp. Harold W.. 66. Mount 

Solon. Va.. Dec. 26, 1996 
Delawder, Ernest B., 76, 

Pleasant Valley, Va., Ian. 8, 

Delawder, Lefa G., 78, Rock- 
ingham, Va.. Ian. 29. 1997 
DeLong, Frank. 76, Dayton, 

Ohio, Ian. 1. 1997 
Demmitt, Floyd A.. 73. 

New Carlisle. Ohio. Oct. 

19. 1996 
Derringer, Norma, 80, 

Greenville, Ohio, Nov. 1, 

Deterline, Floyd, 58, East 

Freedom, Pa., May 20, 

Dickey, Clara I., 92, North 

Manchester, Ind., Feb. 3, 

Dilly, Oliver, 86, Raymore, 

Mo., Nov. 22, 1996 
Dilly, Prudence, 79, Raymore, 

Mo., Nov. 3, 1996 
Dresher, Naomi, 87, 

McPherson, Kan., Feb. 5, 

Driver, Dorothy, 90, Elida, 

Ohio. Feb. 12. 1997 
Ebie, Galen, 72, Louisville, 

Ohio, Oct, 3. 1996 
Eigenbrode. Merle C, 74. 

Waynesboro. Pa., Dec. 12. 

Engle, Emma. 81. Elizabeth- 
town. Pa.. Aug. 1 1, 1996 
Engle, ). Harold, 99, Waynes- 
boro, Pa.. Dec. 19, 19% 
Evans, lessie V. 71. Oakland. 

Md.. Ian. 2, 1997 
Fahneslock, Rav C. 73. Win- 
chester. Va.. ian. 28. 1997 
Farrell, Irene M., 65, Goshen, 

Ind.. Feb. 21. 1997 
Fifer, Mary C. 83. Bridgewa- 
ter, Va., Feb. 24, 1997 
Fike, Lester, 99, Goshen, Ind.. 

Dec. 19, 1996 
Flora, lake, 85, Springfield, 

Ohio, March 8. 1997 
Flory, Mary, 91, Waynesboro, 

Pa.. Ian. 12, 1997 
Forney, Anna, 93, Lancaster, 

Pa.. Oct. 27. 1996 
Forsyth. Florence. 96. 

Holmesville. Neb., luly 1. 


May 1997 Messenger 31 


The limitations of an optic glass 

Go?ie was the 

Mich elajigelesqu e 

image of God as a 

bearded old man 

sailing around in 

the clouds 

wearing only a 

hospital gown. 

The April National Geographic magazine carries a 
cover story on the accomplishments of the Hubble 
Space Telescope. Orbiting 370 miles above the earth, 
with its view unobstructed by the atmosphere, Hubble 
can look back some 1 1 billion years in time. A photo- 
graph of what the astronomers dubbed the "Etched 
Hourglass Nebula" carried a caption leading off with this 
sentence: "Astronomers looked 8,000 light-years into the 
cosmos . . . and it seemed that the eye of God was staring 

The photo does, indeed, show what looks like a giant 
eye. What intrigued me, however, was the suggestion 
that God — a God who would be physically visible, if only 
one could see far enough — is 
"out there" somewhere, hovering 
on the periphery. 

it's easy to understand how we 
come by our God images. Begin- 
ning with the Genesis story that 
we cut our teeth on in Sunday 
school, we learn about a God 
who certainly seems to be some- 
thing physical, like us. God 
works all week, gets sweaty and 
tired, and rests on the Sabbath. 
How can God get tired? And how 
can we help but conjure up images of "old man God"? 

It's no wonder that astronomers, perhaps even 
astronomers who profess no belief in God, might get the 
creepy feeling that when they probe into the uttermost 
reaches of the universe, they just might stumble onto 
God himself, puttering at whatever it is he still does out 
there, after all these lonesome years. 

Little children, after exposure in Sunday school to sto- 
ries of the garden (with God ambling about in it "at the 
time of the evening breeze"), move on to other lessons, 
to be progressively exposed to elaborations of God's 
character. If the children are fortunate, they learn from 
exposure to Genesis 1 the vital truth that creation exists 
because of God's creative power. The purpose of the cre- 
ation story is to make the point that the universe is good. 
And if the children continue in good fortune, they wade 
on through the Old Testament, with its many disturbing 
images of a God with a short fuse and a strong bent for 
wreaking vengeance, and eventually, as mature adults, 
see that the Old Testament leads up to the New. And in 
that, God is revealed truer to form. 

At some point in my youth, when I had begun to surf 
the Scriptures on my own, 1 came across 1 |ohn 4:8, was 
gripped by it, and ever since have considered it the most 
significant statement in the Bible: "Whoever does not 

32 Messenger May 1997 

love does not know God, for God is love." 

God is love! At first I couldn't quite grasp the meaninji 
of those three words, hampered by too many mindless 
repetitions of them in the song "Praise him, praise him 
all ye little children; God is love. God is love." Graduallj 
though, the meaning sank in. This is a definition of God 
1 marveled. This really is what God is; It's not just a 
pretty thought! Suddenly I understood the truth, and wa 
released from the Michelangelesque image of God as a 
bearded old man sailing around in the clouds wearing 
only a hospital gown. 

Poet Harold McCurdy, in his poem "Morning Sick- 
ness" (Theology Today, January 1997), puts the Hubble 
views into proper perspective: 

The Hubble telescope 
Has brought Immensity near, 
Now let delusive hope 
Yield to wholesome fear. 

For what are we, conducting 
Our little human affair, 
With all that star-eructing 
Going on out there? 

McCurdy goes on to paint a picture of our seemingly 
utter insignificance in view of the enormousness of 
the universe. Then he closes with observations helpful to 
us Christians: 

- Yet autumn turns to spring. 

And spring to autumn turns. 
Leaves rustle, the birds sing. 
Love, or its memory, burns. 

Once mercy was promised to us. 
Else why did the Bridegroom, 
Of true love amorous. 
Die, and rise from the tomb? 

And as for astronomers finding themselves staring 
through Hubble right into the eyeball of God, 

Love has greater scope 
Than any optic glass. 
And will, abandoned by hope, 
Through every terror pass. 

It's a mighty big leap, from the scientific wonders 
described in National Geographic to the wonder of 
1 John 4:8, but 1 dropped my magazine and leaped. 
And was glad I did. — K.T. 

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hurch of the Brethren 

Rosanna Eller McFadden - artist 
Goshen, Indiana 


David Wine - Moderator 
Judith G. Kipp 
Dawn O.Wilhelm 
Millard Fuller 
Glenn Mitchell 
Rich Hanley 

Saturday Evening Concert 

Huntley Brown 


Music that is Inspired, 
Anointed, Powerful 
and Explosive 




Long Beach, 

July I - 6, 1 997 

Color Photos Courtesy of Long Beach 
Convention and Visitors Bureau 

Church of the Brethren 

June 1997 



John C. Baker 

At 101, STILL A 

Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 

On the cover: 
Over his long life, 
|ohn C. Baker has 
held true to his Brethren 
heritage of reverence for 
peace. On page 10, 
Donald F. Durnbaugh 
chronicles that life. 


10 John C. Baker: stalwart for peace 

Age has not dulled the zeal of this veteran 
peace activist, who, at age 101, still 
challenges Brethren to live up to their 
peace heritage. Story by Donald F. 
Durnbaugh. Sidebars on peace programs 
and peace activists through the years. 

16 Unlikely pulpits 

Kenneth 1. Morse has produced a book of 
stories that poke into the nooks and 
crannies of Brethren history. We have 
excerpted a few of his tales that show some ! 
Brethren preachers in rather unlikely pulpitsi 

20 Let's find the water, fill the pots | 

and expect a miracle 

Wendy McFadden, in the final article of a 
series on the New Design, uses the story 
of the miracle at Cana as imagery for 
where the Brethren stand now. 

22 Marking with monuments 

Although revered patriarchs did it, raising 
monuments of stone isn't necessarily the 
best way to mark holy ground. Frank 
Ramirez says there's a better way. 

25 Good for nothing 

Don't despair just because Kenneth L. 
Gibble says we're good for nothing. Give 
him a chance to explain. 



From the Editor 


In Touch 


Close to Home 




In Brief 


Stepping Stones 


Pontius' Puddle 


Partners in Prayer 




Turning Points 



How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 
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(800) 323-8039 
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If you move, clip address label 
and send with new address to 
Messenger Subscriptions, at 
the above address. Allow at least 
five weeks for address change. 

Coming next month 

Messenger visits the South 
Carolina church that Brethren 
volunteers are helping rebuild 
after an arson fire. 

District Messenger representatives; Atl. N.E., Ron 
Lutz; Atl. S.E„ Ruby Ra^tner; Iil./Wis.. Kreston Lipscomb: 
S/C Ind., Marjoiie Miller; Mich., Ken Good; Mid-Atl., 
Ann Fouts; Mo. /Ark,, Luci Landes; N. Plains, Faith 
Strom; N. Ohio, Alice L. Driver; S. Ohio, Jack Kline; 
Ore./Wash., Marguerite Shamberger; Pac. S.W, Randy 
Miller; M. Pa., Eva Wampler; S. Pa., Elmer Q. Gleim; 
W Pa., Jay Christner; Shen., Tim Harvey; S.E., Donna 
Shumate; S. Plains, Mary Ann Dell; Virlina, Jerry Naff; 
W. Plains, Dean Hummer; W Marva, Winoma Spuigeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter Aug. 
20, 1918. under Act of Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. 
Filing date, Nov. 1, 1984. Member of the Associated 
Church Press. Subscriber to Religion News Sen'ice 
& Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical quotations, 
unless otherwise indicated, are from the New Re\'ised 
Standard Version, Messenger is owned and published 
11 times a year by the General Services Commission, 
Church of the Brethren General Board, Second-class 
postage paid at Elgin, III,, and at additional mailing 
office, June 1997, Copyright 1997, Church of the 
Brethren General Board, ISSN 0026-0355. 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
1-151 Dundee Ave . Elgin. IL 60120. 

Working with and knowing Ken Morse has been one of 
the joys of my time at the Church of the Brethren Gen- 
eral Offices in Elgin, 111. Ken had already been editor of 
Messenger for 10 years when he gave me my first writing assign- 
ment. I was a Brethren Volunteer Service worker at the offices at 
the time I reported for Ken on the opening of the Castaiier Hos- 
pital in 1960. Much later, Ken and 1 had four years on the magazine 
staff together. 

Now 37 years after giving me my first byline, and almost 20 since 
his retirement, Ken, although 84 years old and in frail health, is still 
going strong as a writer. It gives me great plea- 
sure to once more run the Kenneth 1. Morse 
byline in Messenger, with excerpted nuggets 
from his latest book. Preaching in a Tavern, 
hot off the press. 

It was while 1 was having a sneak preview 
of his book manuscript that 1 discovered Ken 
and 1 had something in common besides being 
Messenger editor. I read in the preface of an 
experience Ken once had with Brethren 
preacher, antiquary, and raconteur Reuel B. 
Pritchett. Ken told about riding in a car in Ten- 
nessee with district executive Ron Wine and 
brother Pritchett, the three of them in the front > | 
seat, with Ken in the middle and brother Pritch- 
ett on his right. As they drove along, brother 
Pritchett talked animatedly and, as Ken put it. Ken Morse served as Messenger editor 
he "would score a point in his conversation by for 21 years (1950-1971) and has 
coming down with the full strength of his left written several books since then. 
index finger onto my right knee." 

It was uncanny! I had had virtually the same experience! Once 1 
was riding in a car in Tennessee with district executive B.|. Wampler 
(predecessor of Ron Wine) and brother Pritchett. 1 sat in the middle 
and brother Pritchett on my right. As we drove along, brother Pritch- 
ett talked animatedly. He kept a grip on my right leg, just above the 
knee, and emphasized his points by squeezing my thigh, tighter and 
lighter, in rhythm with his emphases. My thigh was like a mellow lemon 
ready for making lemonade by the time we reached our destination! 

Ken's tales that begin on page 16 are good ones, and, as good 
tales usually do, they may provoke memories for other readers, as 
they have for me. 

Printed on recycled paper 

June 1997 Messenger 1 



Sowing seeds of kindness 

hen you're talking about providing 
food for famine-threatened people, 
what better symbol of that help than a little 
packet of seeds? 

That's what the office of Planned Giving 
thought recently as it prepared a fund-rais- 


Helen and Nelson Wetsel 

donated 3 7.000 seed 

packets for appeal letters 

for North Korea aid. 

ing letter appealing to Brethren to help the 
hungry in North Korea (April, page 15, 
"Opening Our Hearts to North Koreans"). 
Hey! Let's stick a symbolic packet of seeds 
in with each letter! 
Great idea, but where will the seeds come 

from, and who's going to pay for them? T' 
answer lay right in Harrisonburg, Va., wheri 
the office of Planned Giving is based. 

Nelson and Helen Wetsel of Harrisonburg 
First Church of the Brethren generously 
donated 37,000 packets of garden seeds for 
the mass mailing. Nelson, the retired presiden 
of Wetsel, Inc. (formerly Wetsel Seed, Inc.. 
founded by Nelson's father) was impressed b\ 
the cause that the appeal supported. And the 
appeal was by no means the first object of the 
Wetsels' generosity through the year^. 
"They put the idea to us, and it sounded 
like a good one," Nelson said simply (a 
word from our Brethren tag line) . 

Says the letter that the seed pack 
ets accompany, "Please pick 
up and shake the little seed 
package: Each one of the 
tiny, fertile seeds inside rep- 
resents food, nourishment, 
nutrition, health, survival. The 
seeds also represent thoughtful- 
ness, caring, understanding — 
genuine feeling and dedication to 
the words of lesus to help our 
brothers and sisters in need." 
In one of Jesus' parables, a 
sower went out to sow, and some of the 
seed fell on good ground. Jesus added, 
"Let anyone with ears listen!" 

Now, through the gift of Nelson and Helent 
Wetsel, a mailing has gone out with seeds. 
Let anyone with eyes and a heart respond. 

Names in the news 

Harold S. Moyer, retired se- 
nior pastor of Williamson 
Road Church of the Brethren 
in Roanoke, Va., received an 
Outstanding Service Award 
from Bridgewater College in 
March. Among his many 
roles in service ministries, he 
served on the Virginia Hu- 
man Rights Committee, ap- 
pointed by the governor. 
• Grace T. Lefever, a 
member of West York Church 

of the Brethren in York, Pa., 
had one of her poems, "My 
Comfort," included in Fields 
of Gold, a book of poetry 
published by The National 
Library of Poetry. 

• David J. Morris, a 
member of Heatherdowns 
Church of the Brethren in 
Toledo, Ohio, was named 
Social Worker of the Year 
for 1997 by the Ohio Chap- 
ter of the National Associa- 
tion of Social Workers, 
Northwest Ohio Region. He 

is executive director of The 
Friendly Center, a Toledo 
social agency. 

• Carole C. Grove, asso- 
ciate professor of education 
at Bridgewater College, and 
a member of Beaver Creek 
Church of the Brethren near 
Bridgewater, Va., was pre- 
sented the Martha B. Thorn- 
ton Faculty Recognition 
Award at the college's 
Founder's Day banquet April* 
4. The award carries a 
$1,000 cash gift. 

2 Messenger June 1997 

i run for Camp La Verne 

iteve Schatz ran the Los 
[ingeles Marathon in March, 
finishing the 26 miles in four 
ours and 34 minutes. That 
et no record, but more im- 
ortant for the runner was 
he $2,100 he raised for im- 
irovements and restoration 
/ork at Pacific Southwest 
)istrict's Camp La Verne. 

Steve, a physical education 
sacher in Lomita, Calif., 
nd a member of South Bay 
'ommunity Church of the 
Irethren in Redondo Beach, 
iHJoyed experiences at Camp 
:.a Verne in his childhood. 
ie wants to help enable the 

camp to provide such experi- 
ences for the children of to- 
day and the future. 

As Steve contributes to 
Camp La Verne, he has in 
mind his friend Marion 
Leard of Glendale (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren. 
Marion, a contractor led the 
restoration work at the camp 
until his death in 1995. His 
son Rodney is completing 
the project. Now the project 
has $2, 1 00 more to work 
with, thanks to Steve's 
run. — Cherryl F. Cercado 

Cherryl F. Cercado. a communi- 
cations major, is a senior at the 
University of La Verne, La Verne. 

teve Schatz' children lames and Elizabeth provided water 
reaks as Steve ran the Los Angeles Marathon. 

Joe Kidd (backgroiimt) got some help from buddies Mike 
Crouse and Stephan Shanholtz in safeguarding the John 
Kline Memorial. 

Keeping the cows off 

When Joe Kidd looked for a suitable project to earn 
his Boy Scout Eagle award, he didn't have to look 
farther than the ridge near his home where Brethren peace 
martyr John Kline was killed in 1864. 

[oe's congregation — Linville Creek in Broadway, Va. — and 
Shenandoah District were gearing up to celebrate the 200th 
birthday of Inline. And the spot where Kline was killed 
needed sprucing up. 

The spot, in a cow pasture, has been marked for many 
years with an inscribed stone. For decades, however, cows 
have found the stone a handy rubbing post. The stone had 
become discolored and otherwise damaged. 

loe and other members of his troop excavated a 10-foot- 
square area around the marker and poured an exposed 
aggregate concrete base. A wrought-iron fence of the style 
of the mid- 1 800s was added. 

Joe's youth group at Linville Creek raised funds for the project, 
including gathering and selling over four tons of black walnuts. 

Now |oe Kidd gets his Eagle award and John Kline a 
refurbished memorial. 

he truth about farming 

«lornia Stokes, a member of 
.orida (Fla.) Church of the 
irethren, was an urbanite 
/hen she married a cattle 
ancher in 1951. She 
juickly adapted to her new 
ife and embarked on a ca- 
eer of promoting ranching 
nd farming. 
She organized what be- 
ame the Highlands County 
'attlewomen and served as 
me of its officers for several 
ears. She has been active in 
he Florida Farm Bureau at 
he local and state level. 

To promote beef, Norma 
has conducted demonstrations 
at the Florida State 
Fair, the Highlands 
County Fair, and 
the Florida Straw- 
berry Festival. She 
also conducts food 
safety demonstra- 
tions for home 
economics classes, 
civic organizations, 
and churches in 
her community. 

As part of Farm City Week 
each year, she helps orga- 
nize and conduct farm 
tours. And she helped make 

Norma Stokes 

the Ag in the Classroom pro- 
gram part of the regular cur- 
riculum in some 
Highlands County 

Giving her ac- 
ceptance speech 
upon being named 
the Florida De- 
partment of Agri- 
culture's "Woman 
of the Year" in 
February, Norma 
emphasized that 
the future of agriculture de- 
pends on the education of 
consumers and of "rulemak- 
ers," whose ignorance (and 

sometimes misinformation) 
can lead to bad decisions. 

"They need to hear the 
truth," she said. Children, in 
particular, "need to know 
where their food comes from. 
People are removed from the 
farm, and there are fewer 
farmers to tell the story." 

Telling the story is what 
Norma intends to keep on 

"In Toitch" profiles Brethren we would 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

June 1997 Messenger 3 


Kids in the workplace 

On April 24, the Church of the 
Brethren General Offices in Elgin, 
111., held its own version of "Take Your 
Daughters to Work Day." It was "Take 
Your Kids to Work Day" as sons and 
daughters of employees at the offices 
accompanied moms and dads to work and 
got a feel for life at "1451 ." 

Highlights of the day included a tour of 
the building, lunch out, and a work pro- 
ject. The grounds at the offices are 

Kids at the General Offices. Front center: Carson and Cassidy McFadden. Behind: Jennifer 
and Justin Carlson, Daniel Radcliff. Cori Miner Kelsey Swanson, Karen Miller (interim 
general secretary). In tree: Parker Swanson, Rachel Douglas, Lindsay Garber 

Let's celebrate 

Cedar Grove Church of 
the Brethren, New Market, 
Va., has been celebrating 
its 140th anniversary since 
January, with a special 
event each month. On |une 
29 there will be a church 
picnic and baptism of new 

members at a nearby river. 
• Mount Olivet Church 
of the Brethren, near Tim- 
berville, Va., will celebrate 
its quasquicentennial July 
12-13. Festivities include 
an ice cream social, a note 
burning, guest speaker 
(lerry Ruff), and a puppet 

susceptible to trash blowing in from 
Dundee Avenue on the front and Interstat 
90 on one side. For a busy couple of hour | 
it was "Put Your Kids to Work." The visi- 
tors collected two large trash bags of 
debris, weighed it on the shipping room 
scales, and proudly announced their 
accomplishment — 20 bulky pounds of 

Cookies and milk and a photo session 
rounded out the busy day. 

This and that 

Five members of Bremen 
(Ind.) Church of the 
Brethren and three member! 
of an area Korean congregcl 
tion spent time earlier this 
year helping to add im- 
provements to "Brethren 
House," a social services 
outreach project of Segundj 
Iglesia Cristo Misionera ir 
Caimito, P.R. The Bremen 
church has a mission part- 
nership with the Puerto Ri- 
can church and regularly 
sends workers there. 

• Twenty junior-high stu 
dents from Elizabethtowm 
(Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren spent time the 
evening of April 6 in Eliza- 
bethtown Borough jail. 
Pulling time in the pokey 
was part of the students' re 
enactment of Acts 
16:1 6-40, the story of Paui 
and Silas being sprung 
from jail when an earth- 
quake converted the jailer 
and shattered the resolve ol 
the Philippi cops. In the 
Elizabethtown version of 
the tale, the jail was for 
real. But as for the meal 
with the jailer, it was decid 
edly unbiblical — grilled 
hamburgers and hot dogs. 

4 Messenger June 1997 

lampus comments 

Campus Times, student 
lewspaper of the University 
)f La Verne, was judged the 
)est weekly newspaper in 
California, and La Verne 
nagazine earned a General 
excellence award for being 
)ne of the best university 
nagazines in California. The 
iwards were received at the 
tSth California Intercolle- 
pate Press Association con- 
'ention. George Keeler, a 
ormer Messenger intern, 
ind frequent photographer 
or Annual Conference, 
;hairs ULV's Communica- 
ions Department. Eric 
3ishop, former Messenger 
Tianaging editor, is faculty 
idviser to Campus Times. 

• McPherson College has 
•eceived a $10 million chal- 
enge gift from Harry H. 
Stine, owner of Stine Seed 
"arm in Adel, Iowa. Stine is 
I 1963 McPherson graduate. 

Speaking at the CPS meet from four different perspectives on their World War II experiences 
were Roy Valencourt and Gilbert Weldy (front) and John Ebersole and Larry Gara (back). 

CPS learnings recalled 

Men who participated in Civilian Public 
Service (CPS) during World War II 
gathered with their families at Manchester 
College April 20-21 to remember their expe- 
riences and consider the organization's 
lessons. The conference, "Civilian Public 
Service Revisited: CPS a Half-century 
Later," was sponsored by the college's Peace 
Studies Institute (see page 14). 

CPS — conceived by the Brethren, Quakers, 
and Mennonites in cooperation with Selective 
Service — placed conscientious objectors in 
programs around the country, providing an 
alternative to military service. (Brethren Vol- 
unteer Service — BVS — succeeded CPS when 
the military draft was in effect in later years.) 

William Yolton, former executive director 

of the National Service Board for Conscien- 
tious Objectors, spoke on opening day of the 
CPS event. On day two, four former men 
who responded to the World War II draft in 
different ways served as a panel to recall 
their personal responses to that draft. The 
men were Roy Valencourt, a noncombatant 
in military service; Gilbert Weldy, a CPSer; 
lohn Ebersole, who commanded a B- 1 7 
bomber in the Air Force; and Larry Gara, 
who served a three-year prison sentence for 
refusing even to register for the draft. 

The view of many of the conference atten- 
dees was summed up by CPS veteran Paul 
Keller of North Manchester, Ind., who had 
served as a "guinea pig" for medical experi- 
ments: "If you believe that war is wrong, then 
your ultimate test is not whether it will work, 
but whether it is just." 

i)uring "children's time," Dick Custer read the book Faith the 
Cow while Karen Mostoller signed the story for the deaf. 

Henny pennies for HPI 

Coins intermingled with 
sock fuzz poured noisily 
through funnels into glass 
jars as children at Somerset 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren 
collected 48,000 pennies for 
Heifer Project International 
(HPI), which is using the 
money to buy chicks. The 
Lenten season project uti- 
lized HPI's Animal Crackers 
program for the fund drive. 

Sunday morning story- 
tellers presented scripture, 
tales, and chicken facts, and 
taught geography, environ- 
mental science, stewardship, 
and nutrition. One storyteller 
surprised the children with 
chicken-shaped cookies. 

The project concluded on 

Easter Sunday with a story 
of the egg as a symbol of 
resurrection and new life. A 
box of 5-day-old cheeping 
chicks made the project real 
for the children. 

The Men's Fellowship 
added $100 to the fund. At 
a dollar a chick, the Somer- 
set children provided 580 
chicks, in the initial stage of 
Heifer Project's "passing 
on the gift" process. 

Adapted from a report by Sherry 
Berkey and Kathie Shaffer. Somerset 
church 's children 's program directors. 

"Close to Home" highlights news of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
Home, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, 11 60120. 

June 1997 Messenger 5 

Brethren produce food and 
raise funds for disaster relief 

Preparing food and raising money 
for disaster response and humanitar- 
ian relief kept members of four 

The cutting room (top), is 

where over 60.000 pounds 

of beef were processed 

during this year's annual 

canning project. Meanwhile, 

Rachel Hilty and Joanna 

Hilty. of Pleasant Hill 

Church of the Brethren, 

Spring Grove. Pa., wipe off 

two of the more than 25,000 

cans of beef and broth that 

were produced. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/"Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

Ciiurcii of the Brethren districts busy 
this spring. 

The annual Beef Canning Project of 
Mid -Atlantic and Southern Pennsyl- 
vania districts kicked off such denom- 
inational projects in 1997 by process- 
ing 62,322 pounds of beef into 
21,175 cans of beef chunks and 4,523 
cans of broth. This total exceeded the 
61,800 pounds of beef volunteers 
processed in 1996, and exceeded this 
year's goal of 60,000 pounds. 

About 425 volunteers participated 
in the 1 7th annual canning project, 
which was held at Meadow Brook 
Turkey Farm, York, Pa., March 
24-26, 31, and April 1-2. 

Twenty-five Mid-Atlantic congre- 
gations and 28 Southern Pennsylva- 
nia congregations were represented. 
Five other area congregations of dif- 
fering Protestant affiliations also 
were represented. 

Seventy-five percent of the canned 
beef will be sent overseas; the remain- 
ing 25 percent and all of the beef 
broth will be divided between the two 
districts and then distributed to agen- 
cies and organizations that help feed 
the needy. Major recipients of the 
beef and broth in past years in Mid- 
Atlantic District have been SERVE 

Food Closet, Manassas, Va., and the } 
Washington City Church of the 
Brethren Soup Kitchen. Major South 
ern Pennsylvania recipients in past 
years have included the York and 
Chambersburg (Pa.) Salvation 
Armies; Our Daily Bread, a York souj 
kitchen; and Youth Challenge Inter- 
national Bible Institute, Sunbury, Pa. 

Meanwhile, three districts also heh 
disaster relief auctions in early- to j 
mid-May. West Marva and Mid-At- \ 
lantic districts held theirs on May 5. 

Nearly $5,000 was raised at West 
Marva's third annual auction, held at 
the Barbour County Fairgrounds near 
Belington, W.Va. About 150 people at- 
tended. Since its inception, this auc- 
tion has raised nearly $15,000. 

Mid-Atlantic District's 1 7th Annua 
Disaster Relief Auction was held at j 
the Agricultural Center in Westmin- | 
ster, Md. Though totals were not 
confirmed at press time, this auction 
was expected to draw 1,000 partici- 
pants and raise about $36,000. Since 
its inception, this auction has raised i 
nearly $600,000. j 

Shenandoah District's fifth annual j 
auction, scheduled for May 16—1 7 at 
Rockingham County Fairgrounds, 
was expected to draw about 1 ,700 
people and raise nearly $125,000. In 
its four previous years, the auction . 
has raised about $460,000. 

Christians of North and Latin 
America discuss 'mission' 

What does Christian mission mean ini 
the Americas at the approach of the 
21st century? Representatives from 
churches in North America, Latin 
America, and the Caribbean met in 
San lose, Costa Rica, in late April to 
wrestle with that question. 

Even in the consultation's opening 
hours, there clearly was agreement 
that mission must address the prob- 
lems and needs of the people the 
churches are seeking to serve. 

And over and over again, partici- 

6 Messenger June 1997 

lants, including four Church of the 
irethren representatives, kept coming 
■ack to one powerful reality: the grow- 
ng number of people in the hemi- 
phere — indeed, worldwide — who are 
leing excluded from the increasingly 
lobalized economy, in which profits 
oar as companies downsize and ex- 
iloit workers with low wages. 

Consultation participant Bishop 
itchegoyen from Argentina summed 
ip this challenge to mission in one 
entence. How can the church carry 
)ut )esus' preferential option for the 
xcluded in the context of a global 
conomic system that makes prefer- 
ntial option for the wealthy? 

This was the first consultation since 
929 to bring together official delega- 
ions from North American denomi- 
lational mission boards with work in 
.atin America and the Caribbean. Its 
ibjective was to resume dialog and 
ooperation among mission boards. 

The four General Board staff rep- 
esenting the Church of the Brethren 
it the consultation were Merv 
iCeeney, current representative to 
ivfrica and the Middle East and direc- 
or of Global Mission Partnerships for 
he newly designed General Board; 
jlenn Timmons, current Parish Min- 
«tries Commission executive and di- 
ector of Congregational Life Min- 
stries for the newly designed General 
Joard; Mariana Barriga, coordinator 
)f the Latin America and the 
Caribbean Office; and Guillermo En- 
■arnacion, representative for the Do- 
ninican Republic. 

These Brethren representatives at- 
ended the consultation out of the 
jeneral Board's desire to connect 
ongregations to mission. A key 
;uideline is that the impulse to do 
!Ood work needs to be informed by 
hose whom we would serve, said 
Timmons. "That means the church 
nust be willing to hear from the poor, 
he faceless and the voiceless, and to 
ee lesus in the disenfranchised, the 
narginalized, the least of these. The 
Church of the Brethren prides itself in 
)eing 'hands-on'; we need to be sure 

that what we do is what people need." 

Keeney said congregations inter- 
ested in extending themselves in mis- 
sion may consider doing the follow- 
ing: research the situation; listen to 
local voices and needs; explore de- 
nominationally and ecumenically what 
else is going on in that area; attend 
relevant mission, language, and cross- 
cultural studies; discuss with other 
congregations, districts, and national 
staff partnerships for potential pro- 
jects, as well as other opportunities. 
The Church of the Brethren has 1 1 
churches and four fellowships in the 
Dominican Republic. There are 12 
Hispanic congregations in the US, 
and several in Puerto Rico. — Carol 


BBT considering expanding 
its financial services 

An expansion of financial services to 
Church of the Brethren individuals and 
organizations was one of the items dis- 
cussed by the Brethren Benefit Trust 
board at its spring meetings in April. 

Wil Nolen, president, informed the 
board that as a result of a recent sur- 
vey of church leaders, BBT would 
consider offering "a socially responsi- 
ble mutual fund" to individual 
Brethren, assist congregations and 
districts with training in financial op- 
erations and individuals in financial 
planning, provide leadership in pas- 
toral compensation and benefits mat- 
ters, and offer increased leadership in 
planned giving. 

According to Nolen, a broader sur- 
vey will be taken to determine whether 
to pursue any of these services. 

The BBT board also heard that its 
investments for 1996 either equaled 
or exceeded its own benchmarks, and 
that its foundation can now legally of- 
fer its services to non- Brethren chari- 
table organizations. The board di- 
rected Foundation director Mark Pit- 
man to develop criteria for accepting 
such agencies. 


(ohn Kline 200th birthday celebration, 

sponsored by Linville Creek Church of 
the Brethren, Broadway, Va.. and 
Shenandoah District, June 13-15 
[Contact Paul Roth, (540) 879-2515], 

"Sierra Song and Story Fest," a family 
camp, |une 21-27, Camp Peaceful 
Pines, Dardanelle, Calif. [Call (209) 

"Dancing at the Water's Edge," spon- 
sored by Brethren/Mennonite Council 
for Lesbian and Gay Concerns and 
Woinaen's Caucus, |une 28-30, La 
Verne (Calif.) Church of the Brethren 
[Contact BMC, (216) 722-6906; 

Council of District Executive (CODE) 
meetings, June 29-30. [Contact Har- 
riet Finney at (219) 982-8805 or 
Wanda. Miller, partid Ecunet.Org]. 

Brethren Revival Fellowship General 
Meeting, June 29, Lindsay (CaliL) 
Church of the Brethren [Contact BRF, 
(717) 225-4184]. 

New Church Development seminar, 

June 30. Long Beach, Calif, [Call 
(717) 664-5181], 

Minister's Conference, June 30 — July 1, 
Long Beach, Calif, [Contact Esther 
Norris, (316) 275-4270], 

Ministry of Reconciliation workshops, 

June 30 — [uly 1 , Long Beach, Calif, 
[Contact MoRat (219) 982-7751 or at 
CoB, Reconciliation, partid'Ecunet, Org], 

General Board meetings, |uly 1, Long 
Beach, Calif, [Contact General Secre- 
tary's Office, General Offices], 

"The Church's Response to Child 
Abuse," a workshop sponsored by 
Association of Brethren Caregivers. 
July 1, Long Beach, Calif, [Contact 
ABC, General Offices], 

Annual Conference, |uly 1-6. Long 
Beach, Calif. [Contact Annual Confer- 
ence Office. General Offices, 
AnnualConfCg AOL. Com]. 

Brethren Benefit Trust Board meetings, 

July 3, Long Beach, Calif, [Contact 
BBT, (800) 746-1505], 

June 1997 Messenger 7 

General Board releases partial 
list of its post-June staff 

An extensive listing of who will be 
doing what for the newly designed 
General Board has been announced. 
Additional positions are to be filled 
by appointment or open search. 

• Executive Director — Sue Snyder, 
assistant; Elsie Holderread, Human 
Resources coordinator; Ellen Hall, Human 
Resources secretary (New Windsor). 

• Volunteer Service Ministries — Dan 
McFadden, director; Todd Reish, coordina- 
tor of orientation; Kim Bickler, secretary. 

• Funding — Ken Neher, director; 
area financial resource counselors David 
Huffaker (midwest), Ray Click (south- 
east), Howard Miller (northeast); [ackie 
Azimi, systems coordinator; Faye Miller, 
resource coordinator. 

• Congregational Life — Glenn 
Timmons, director; Joan Pelletier, secre- 
tary; Chris Douglas, Youth/Young Adult 
Ministries coordinator; |udy McDonald, 

• Global Mission Partnerships — 
Mervin Keeney, director; Mary Munson, 
secretary. New Windsor staff: Miller 
Davis, Emergency Response/Service Min- 
istries manager; Lydia Walker, Outreach 
and Training coordinator; secretaries |ane 
Yount, Helen Stonesifer, lane Bankert, 
and Clenna Massicot; Lois Duble, tempo- 
rary office helper; case workers Alexandru 
Kirculescu and Tomislav Tomic; Loretta 
Wolf, Material Resources manager; Noco- 
letta Coarda, sorter/packer; Bill Fleagle, 
truck driver/warehouser; Brenda Giles, 
sorter/packer; Randy Koontz, hi lift oper- 
ator/warehouser; Virginia Long, 
warehouse and Grantee Program; Sam- 
sudin Moledina, medical receiver; balers 
Randy Parrish and George Poleuca; Max 
Price, truck driver/warehouser; Rosella 
Reese, medical packer. 

• Treasurer — Judy Keyser, treasurer 
and director of Centralized Resources; 
Jeanie Hicks, gift management/Central- 
ized Resources assistant; Buildings and 
Grounds managers David Ingold (Elgin) 
and Ed Palsgrove (New Windsor); Sheri 
Cromar, Building Services assistant 
(part-time); [oanne Holmes, reception- 

8 Messenger June 1997 

ist/switchboard; Bryan Katzel, mailroom; 
maintenance mechanics Ron Anders 
(New Windsor) and David Bulpit (New 
Windsor, part-time); Diane Gosnell, sec- 
retary/receptionist (New Windsor); Felix 
Hill, general maintenance/mail (New 
Windsor); controllers Brenda Reish and 
Kent Shisler (New Windsor); accoun- 
tants Pat Marsh and Kellie [ones; 
La Verne Wisdom, accounts payable/data 
entry specialist; Lillian Dako, accounts 
receivable/data entry specialist; Nancy 
Gutierrez, data entry specialist (part- 
time); Elaine Caprarola, accounting and 
data entry specialist; and Ken Shaffer. 
Historical Library and Archives manager. 
Additional New Windsor staff includes 
Perry Hudkins, Information Systems 
manager; Ed Leiter, programmer/analyst; 
Francie Coale, PC specialist; Darlene 
Hylton, operations specialist; Maria 
Capusan, kitchen helper/storeroom clerk; 
lanet Comings, second cook; kitchen 
helpers Virginia Kolpack, Bettina Weaver, 
and Roberta Weaver; Linda Mathis, head 
a.m. cook; Emma Moses, prep/kitchen 
helper; housekeepers Doris Glass, Maria 
Poleuca, and Christine Watson; and Lisa 
Sensensy, Conference Center secretary. 
• Brethren Press — Wendy McFad- 
den, director and publisher; |ulie Garber, 
study resources editor; Howard Royer, 
staff for Interpretation; Nevin Dulabaum, 
News and Information manager; lennifer 
Leo, marketing manager (part-time); 
Nancy Klemm, copy editor; Vicki Roche, 
subscriptions processor; Margie Paris, 
Information assistant (part-time); Cus- 
tomer Service representatives Eleanor 
Plagge and Linda Coisman; Steve Bick- 
ler, warehouser; Karen Stocking, 
publishing assistant. 

Positions with Association of Brethren 
Caregivers, SERRV, On Earth Peace As- 
sembly, and overseas and volunteer posi- 
tions are not included. 

More 'Gifts of the Heart' kits 
are needed for flood relief 

Additional clean-up and health "Gift 
of the Heart" kits are needed, accord- 

ing to Refugee/Disaster Services, 
which made its appeal for more kits i 
late April in response to flooding. 

A clean-up kit includes a bucket 
filled with sponges, plastic garbage 
bags, a wire brush, a scrub brush, 
rubber gloves, and a can of powder 
cleanser; a health kit includes a hanci 
towel, a washcloth, a bath-size bar o 
soap, a comb, a toothbrush, a nail 
file, and six adhesive bandages. 
Items should be wrapped in a towel. 

The kits should be sent either to 
Church World Service, c/o the Sal- 
vation Army, 4427 1 3th Avenue 
South, Fargo ND 58104; or to 
Church World Service, c/o the Sal- 
vation Army, 68710 Shingle Creek 
Parkway, Brooklyn Center, MN 

Refugee/Disaster Services in April 
also made two Emergency Disaster 
Fund allocations — $ 1 5,000 in re- 
sponse to flooding in midwestern and 
southern states and $7,260.70 to as- 
sist work still being done in the after- 
math of Hurricane Fran; $2,000 of 
this latter grant will help Shenandoah 
District in its repairs of Shiloh Church 
of the Brethren, Pratts, Va. 

Center Operations signs two 
new contracts for services 

Two organizations in April signed 
contracts with Brethren Service Cen- 
ter's Center Operations, New Wind- 
sor, Md. 

The contract with the Office of 
Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) ' 
is for storage and shipping services 
for one year, with annual renewal 
options for four additional years. 

"The Brethren Service Center is the 
only US stockpile for OFDA material 
resources, which includes tents and 
plastic sheeting," said Kathleen Cam- 
panella, director of Public Informa- 
tion for the Brethren Service Center. 

The center also has agreed to pre- 
pare and ship containers overseas for 
Medical Benevolence Foundation. 

in W 

)A seminary course on mission, a cooperative venture 
betw/een Bethany Theological Seminary and the General Board, 
was offered this spring semester at Bethany's Richmond, Ind., 
campus. "Brethren in Mission" was taught by Bethany professor 
Jeff Bach, with General Board staff David Radcliff and Mervin 
Keeney serving as resource people. Speakers brought in for spe- 
cial sessions included Wendell Flory, Bridgewater, Va.; Glen 
Campbell, North Manchester, Ind.; Roger Ingold, Hershey, Pa.; 
and Anet Satvedi, Hudson, III. Satvedi spoke on his experiences 
with the Church of the Brethren in North India and EkklesiyarYan- 
uwa a Nigeria (The Church of the Brethren in Nigeria). Planning 
for this course had been underway since 1995. 

lA Capitol Hill vigil to protest the existence of the US Army 
School of the Americas (SOA) was held in late April by Washing- 
ton (D.C.) City Church of the Brethren, the General Board's 
'Washington Office, and other faith-based organizations. 

The US-funded SOA is based in Columbus, Ga. It is a key training 
ifacility for Latin American military personnel. According to John 
Harvey, interim director of the Washington Office, SOA graduates 
ihave been linked to numerous human rights violations. Recently 
released training manuals confirm that the SOA curriculum "con- 
idoned or appeared to condone executions of guerrillas, physical 
:abuse, coercion, torture, and false imprisonment," according to a 
1996 White House Intelligence Oversight Board report. 

The Washington Office encourages Brethren to support the 
closing of SOA through House Resolution 61 1 . For more infor- 
mation, contact the Washington Office at (202) 546-3202 or at 

'Annual Conference Moderator-elect Jimmy Ross, pastor 
of Lititz (Pa.) Church of the Brethren, was 
diagnosed with prostate cancer earlier this 
year. He was expected to undergo surgery 
May 28. At the Church of the Brethren 
Annual Conference in July, Ross is sched- 
uled to be consecrated for his one-year term 
as moderator, the denomination's highest 
elected position. "Prayers are appreciated," 
said Ross, who is publicly confronting his 

Jimmy Ross ^^^^^^^ 

'Annual Conference booklets will be available in early June. 
One change not noted in the booklet is the Black Brethren and 
Friends' luncheon, from July 5 to July 4. Send $8 (regular 
)bound)or$11.50 (spiral) to 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 

families that want to promote positive moral values while 
resisting the violence that is omnipresent in our lives can take a 
stand by signing "A Family Pledge of Nonviolence," which has 
been created by Parenting for Peace and Justice Network. 
Brethren are encouraged to sign the pledge, which has been dis- 
tributed to all Brethren congregations by the General Board's 
(Office of Congregational Nurture and Worship. 

Hangin' out at the fountain. That's what Nevin Domer, 
Gwen Edwards, Joel Brush, Carle Gaier, and Alexis Bear 
did April 8 in New York City's Central Park during a respite 
from Christian Citizenship Seminar. Eighty -nine youth, 
young adults, and advisers attended the annual event, 
which focused on "Ethnic conflicts around the globe: How 
should Christians respond?" A visit to the United Nations, 
with members of Congress, and with representatives from 
various organizations were some of the major activities. 
Phil Reiman, team pastor at Wabash (Ind.) Church of the 
Brethren, delivered the keynote address. 

Signers of the pledge vow to "respect self and others, commu- 
nicate better, listen, forgive, respect nature, play creatively, and 
be courageous" in challenging violence. 

Jim Chinworth, associate pastor of Mountville (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren, serves as the Church of the Brethren representative 
with Parenting for Peace and Justice Network. 

Anabaptists in Conversation, a conference in Brethren and 
Mennonite Interactions with 20th Century Theologies, is sched- 
uled for June 19-21 at Elizabethtown (Pa.) College, and is 
sponsored by the Young Center for the Study of Anabaptist and 
Pietist Groups. Twelve plenary sessions will be held during the 
three-day conference, and Dale Brown, former Bethany Theolog- 
ical Seminary professor, will serve as keynote speaker. Brown 
also will be honored at a banquet. 

For more information, call (717) 361-1470 or write to 

Following their delegates' 1995 decision to merge, a com- 
mittee composed of Mennonite and General Conference Mennonite 
church representatives has decided that the two denominations will 
merge by 1999, becoming the "Mennonite Church." At the Men- 
nonite Church/General Conference Mennonite Church Integration 
Committee meeting, Feb. 28-March 1 , the committee approved the 
joining of the MC and GC general boards. A 26-member general 
board is expected to be in place in two years. A churchwide 
assembly— which is comparable to the Church of the Brethren 
Annual Conference— will be held every three years, regional 
assemblies biennially, and conference assemblies annually. 

These decisions are subject to approval by the general boards 
and delegate assemblies of both denominations. 

June 1997 Messenger 9 





John Kline (1797-1864) 

John Kline, a Brethren minister 
from Broadway, Va., had emerged 
as a Brotherhood leader by the 
1850s. But it was during his years 
as moderator of Annual Meeting 
(1861-1864) that he exempli- 
fied the best in Brethren 
peace witnessing, dealing 
with Civil War troubles 
from his pacifist stance. 
Cut down by bushwhack- 
ers near his home, John 
Kline became the most sig- 
nificant martyr in the history of 
the Brethren. The 200th an- 
niversary of his birth is being 
marked by activities in Shenan- 
doah District this month, 

M.R. Zigler (1891-1985) 

Michael Robert ("M.R.") Zigler 
gained prominence in the World 
War II years and their aftermath 
as head of the Brethren 
Service Committee. He 
helped create Civilian Pub- 
lic Service (CPS) and the 
National (Interreligious) 
Ser\'ice Board for Religious 
Objectors. He was in the 
forefront of developing Church 
World Service (CWS), Christian 
Rural Overseas Program (CROP), 
Heifer Project, and Cooperative 
for American Remittances to Eu- 
rope (CARE). 

In 1948, he began a 10-year 
term as head of Brethren Ser- 

John Ba\er believes 
that Brethren must lead 
out boldly with their 
actions for and messages 
on peace and other 
great 7noral issues of the 
day — leading that is 
needed desperately in 
contemporary society. 

BY Donald R Durnbaugh 

When former Seeretary of Defensei 
Robert McNamara met waves of 
criticism for confessing in his 
book In Retrospect that the Vietnam War 
he administered was a tragic mistake, he 
received a warm letter from John Calhoun i 
Baker, president emeritus of Ohio Univer-j 
sity. John Baker complimented | 

McNamara for his courage in admitting j 
that he had been wrong in prosecuting the i 
war. McNamara scrawled a response to \ 
the Baker letter, "I am deeply grateful for | 
your note," and offered "many, many i 

thanks" for the words of encouragement. 
What John Baker had not mentioned in his; 
letter was that he was a hundred years old j 
when he wrote it. 

The incident sheds light on the energies I 
and insights of a remarkable man, shaped \ 
largely by the values inculcated in his I 

Brethren home in Everett, Pa., where he 
was born Oct. 21, 1895. His grandfather 
was a Dunker free (nonsalaried) minister: 
his parents were Francis and Jennie Cal- 
houn Baker, leaders in the local Church of 
the Brethren congregation and in the com- 
munity. Francis Baker, who died in 1934, 
owned and operated one of the largest 

10 Messenger June 1997 

ohn C. Baker 

farm machinery and warehouses in Bed- 
ford County, [ennie Baker loved poetry 
and implanted that love in her children. 
She introduced them to Longfellow, Whit- 
ttier, and other poets popular with young 
people, and also to Whitman, Bryant, and 
the great English writers, especially Shake- 
speare, Milton, and Wordsworth. This 
early exposure was formative for the Baker 
children, who drew on this literary 
resource throughout their lives. 

)ennie Calhoun Baker assisted her hus- 
band with his business and was known for 
the active role she played in community 
affairs. When she died in 1946, a local 
newspaper headlined the event on the front 
page: "Mrs. Jennie Baker, Outstanding 
Citizen, Died Last Week." She was 
admired for her leadership in Bedford 
County Federation of Women's Clubs and 
for founding public libraries. More contro- 

versial were her outspoken involvements in 
the Women's International League for 
Peace and Freedom and the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union. 

As (ohn Baker reflects on his long and 
creative life, he gives major credit to his 
mother's influence. They corresponded fre- 
quently while she lived. Her theme song, 
recalls Baker, was a couplet from the Eng- 
lish poet Pope: "Act well your part. / There 
all the honor lies." 

The five children of the Bakers, two 
sons and three daughters, were unusually 
gifted. Robert C. Baker, noted for his 
integrity, gained a national reputation as a 
banker in Washington, D.C. When he died 
in 1976, The Washington Post editorial- 
ized: "Among influential and concerned 
community leaders who knew him best, 
Robert Calhoun Baker . . .enjoyed a special 
reputation not only as one of Greater 

Bethany Seminary: Strengthening 
the Brethren peace witness 

Bethany Theological Seminary's Peace Studies Program began 
26 years ago with the offering of an M.A. degree focusing on 
peace studies. It trained people for ministries of peace and for 
strengthening the peace witness of the Church of the 
Brethren. In 1981, Bethany began to offer a peace studies 
emphasis for students in either the M.A. or M.Div. programs. , 

In 1980, John C. and Elizabeth Baker gave the seminary a 
generous endowment, now known as the Baker Peace Fund. 
That greatly helped the program pursue educational activities ' 
and bring in speakers on peace topics. The fund enables stu- 
dents to travel abroad to learn about peacemaking in 
worldwide settings. 

Under a seminar program, peace studies students meet weekly for discussion, 
hearing visiting speakers, and planning peacemaking activities. 

Professor Dale W Brown, now retired, was a guiding force in organizing and 
developing peace studies at Bethany. In 1994, Jeffrey A. Bach joined the seminary 
faculty and became the program's director. With Bethany Seminary relocated in 
Richmond, Ind., the program cooperates closely with Earlham School of Religion. 
The Peace Studies Program continues to keep the Brethren peace witness integral 
to the seminary curriculum. 




vice in Europe, where he also 
was active in the World Council 
of Churches (WCC). 

His last great peace service was 
the launching of On Earth Peace 
Conference in 1974 (now On 
Earth Peace Assembly— OEPA). 

Dan West (1893-1971) 

Dan West gave denominational 
leadership in peace ac- 
tivism from the 1920s un- 
til the 1960s. From the late 
1920s through the 1930s, 
he gave major emphasis 
to peace education. In 
1932 he helped organize 
a movement called "20,000 
Dunkers for Peace." 

From relief work in the late 
1930s in Spain, during that 
country's civil war, he got the 
inspiration for developing a pro- 
gram called Heifers for Relief, 
which grew into today's Heifer 
Project International (HPl). 

In 1948 he was helpful in the 
founding of Brethren Volunteer 
Service (BVS). For many years 
thereafter, he regularly helped 
with BVS training. When he was 
73 years old, he became the first 
lay moderator of Annual Con- 

GladdysE.Muir (1895-1967) 

Gladdys Muir pursued her peace 
activism through teaching, writ- 
ing, and mentoring. In her 
later years, she maintained 
contact, through a semi- 
annual newsletter, with a 
worldwide "family" of for- 
mer students that num- 
bered in the thousands. 

She founded and, for 11 
years, directed the Peace Stud- 

JuNE 1997 Messenger 1 1 



ies Institute at Manchester Col- 
lege, the first program in the 
world in which students could 
graduate with an academic ma- 
jor in peace studies. That insti- 
tute served as a direct and indi- 
rect model for dozens of peace 
and conflict studies programs 
in the turbulent 1960s. 

Oral. Huston (1903-1967) 

Ora Huston made his mark in 
peace activism through his long 
service with ecumenical peace 
agencies and as a denom- 
inational staff member. He 
served as an administrator 
of Civilian Public Service 
(CPS), 1942-1946, and as 
executive secretary of the 
National Service Board for 
Religious Objectors (NSBRO) 
(later National Interreligious 
Senice Board for Conscientious 
Objectors-NISBCO), 1946-1948. 
Then, on the Brethren Service 
Commission staff, he served as 
director of Social Action 
(19-18-1959) and as Peace Coun- 
selor (1939-1967). 

The Huston Memorial Peace 
Lectureship was established in 
his honor at Bethany Theolog- 
ical Seminary in 1968. 

W.Harold Row (1912-1971) 

In 1942, Harold Row became 
director of the newly created 
Civilian Public Service (CPS), 
which provided alterna- 
tive service for conscien- 
tious objectors during 
World War II. For 20 years 
(1948-1968), he served 
as executive of the 
Brethren Service Com- 
mission. In that role, he helped 
develop and guide several ec- 
umenical agencies, including 
the National Service Board for 
Religious Objectors (NSBRO), 
International Voluntary Services 

12 Messenger June 1997 

John and Elizabeth Baker, shown here at a 1960 dinner celebrating fohn 's 1 5th year as 
president of Ohio University, were imbued with a reverence for peace through their 
upbringing, he as a Brethren, she as a Quaker. When they presented Juniata College a 
grant for peace studies, fohn said. "Nowhere is it more important to build . . .defenses 
peace) than in the minds of college students " 


Washington's most successful bankers 
over the last three decades, but also as a 
colleague whose determination to pre- 
serve the financial health of this city made 
hiiTi an enormously influential figure in 
local affairs." He played a leading role in 
the creation of the Kennedy Center as its 
first treasurer. 

Dorothy Baker Johnson achieved 
national standing in social work as the 
director of Family Society of New Haven, 
Conn. The gifts from her estate to Juniata 
College, primarily for scholarship aid, were 
very substantial. Helen C. Baker was a 
researcher and educator, enjoying respect 
from both academic and business figures. 
Such was her stature that her work was 
even avidly followed in the Soviet Union. 
When she died in 1955, an outpouring of 
messages came to the family, all recogniz- 
ing her remarkable achievements. The New 
York Times wrote in its obituary that she 
"was an authority in the field of industrial 
relations research and the first woman to 
hold the rank of associate professor at 
Princeton University," a tenured position. 
Margaret E. Baker devoted her life to 
teaching and to building a solid foundation 
for the Everett Free Library, created by her 
mother in 1923 and now located in the 
lennie Calhoun Baker House. 

The career of fohn C. Baker was also 
distinguished. Following graduation in 
1917 from Juniata College (which he 
attended, as did his siblings, through his 
parents guidance) he was one of four 

Brethren who worked with the newly 
formed American Friends Service Com- 
mittee in war-torn France from late 1917 
to early 1919. Based on this service, he 
was asked in 1921 to join a mediation 
and fact-finding team that visited Ireland, 
troubled by anti-British violence. 

Following his wartime experiences, 
John entered Harvard Business School, 
graduating with a MBA in 1923. After a 
further year there in research, he pursued 
business interests for two years. In 1926, 
he was invited to return to the business 
school as an instructor, soon being pro- 
moted to assistant dean (1928—1936), 
and, after holding various research and 
teaching appointments, becaine a full 
professor in 1940. In this period, he 
wrote numerous books and articles on the 
topics of executive salaries, bonus plans, 
and corporate directors. 

During World War II, John was on leave 
from the business school, under appoint- 
ment as associate dean of Harvard 
University ( 1 94 1-1 945). At this time, the 
president of the university, James B. Conant, 
was in government service in Washington, 
D.C. John was Conant's leading administra- 
tive agent in Cambridge; he recalls those 
busy years as among his happiest. 

In 1933, in the midst of his Harvard 
years, John married Elizabeth Evans, 
daughter of a prominent family with 
Quaker roots of Essex Fells, N. J. Elizabeth 
was gifted in music and drama, and sang 
and acted professionally. She sustained a 

life-long interest in drama. For three 
decades after 1958, she directed (and acted 
■with) the Ohio University Players in plays 
of noted dramatists in the Monomy The- 
atre, Chatham, Mass., near the Bakers' 
summer home. Following her death, |une 
.'21, 1990, |ohn issued in commemoration a 
privately printed book. Her Words, contain- 
ing some of Elizabeth's moving poetry and 
colorful visionary prose. 

The Bakers had three daughters, Eliza- 
beth C. Baker (editor o(Art in America), 
Eleanor Baker Steindler (distinguished 
flutist and former president of the New 
•York Flute Association), and Anne C. Baker 
(musician, lawyer and trustee of Juniata 
■.College), all now residing in New York City. 

In May 1945, lohn was inaugurated 
president of Ohio University in Athens, 
Ohio. His years there (1945-1961) were 

challenging and productive. He found it a 
dispirited, low-budgeted state school with 
inadequate facilities for its wartime enroll- 
ment of 1,500 students. He left it a 
flourishing university with a strong faculty, 
quintupled enrollment, 32 new buildings, 
and a system of branch campuses. A Time 
magazine feature story (October 1950) 
quoted a current saying in Athens: "A Yale 
man founded the school, but a Harvard 
man put it on its feet." Plaudits at John's 
retirement by members of the student 
body, staff, faculty, and trustees glowed 
with appreciation. 

lohn found time during this period to 
take on international responsibilities as 
chief of the United States delegation to 
the United Nations Economic and Social 
Council (ECOSOC) in Geneva, Switzer- 
land, appointed and reappointed by 

Juniata College: Leading other 
schools in peace studies 

Andv Miirrav 

The Baker Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies was estab- 
lished at luniata College in 1986 to apply the resources of the 
academic community to war and deep-rooted conflict as 
human problems and to peace as a human potential. John C. 
and Elizabeth Baker challenged luniata to develop a peace 
studies program, and their financial gifts have helped sustain 
the program named for them. 

Primarily, the institute supports and supervises the acade- 
mic program in peace and conflict studies initiated at luniata 
in 1974. The program offers a full academic major, with 
more than 20 courses. About 25 students each year have peace studies as a major 
or as part of a combined program of emphasis. 

A vigorous outreach program has had faculty from 20 universities and six high 
schools participating in study tours around the world. The institute helped found 
and continues to support the Peace Studies Association, comprising over 100 col- 
leges and universities with peace studies programs. Several public school districts 
in Pennsylvania have received mediation training and/or conflict intervention help 
through the institute's Baker Mediation Services. In cooperation with the United 
Nations and with the International Association of University Presidents, the insti- 
tute has provided intensive training in arms control and disarmament curriculum 
to professors from 30 universities in 24 developing nations. Currently, the Baker 
Institute is working with the United Nations Development Program, UNESCO, 
and the UN Center for Disarmament Affairs on a special 10-nation peace initia- 
tive in West Africa. M. Andrew Murray, who joined the luniata faculty in 1971, 
has been the Baker Institute's director since its establishment. 



(IVS), Church World Service 
(CWS), Christian Rural Overseas 
Program (CROP), Christian Peace 
Mission, International Christian 
Youth Exchange (ICYE), Home- 
less European Land Program 
(HELP), and EIRENE (Greek for 
"peace"; it provided a channel 
for Christian pacifists from many 
nations to serve as volunteers 
in the cause of peace and rec- 

In the later years of his ca- 
reer, he became well known for 
arranging a series of exchange 
visits between the Church of the 
Brethren and the Russian Or- 
thodox Church, a highly con- 
troversial project carried out 
amid cold war tensions. 

T. Wayne Rieman 

T. ("Tim") Wayne Rieman served 
as campus minister at Man- 
chester College for 16 years, and 
taught religion there for 31 years, 
serving nearly 20 years as 
departmental chair. He in- 
spired young people far 
beyond his Manchester 
College classroom, ser\- 
ing as speaker and rt 
source person at many 
events across the denomination. 

Even after retirement, and 
with failing eyesight and health, 
he served interim pastorates in 
three states; conducted 185 
workshops in camps, churches, 
and Elderhostels from coast to 
coast; and taught six more 
courses at Manchester. In 1990, 
he wrote a year-long series of 
columns in Messenger titled 
"Brethren Facing the Future." 

Manchester professor Ken 
Brown said of his colleague. 
"Tim agreed with Teilhard de 
Chardin, Love is the only force 
that can make things one with- 
out destroying them'." 

June 1997 Messenger 1 3 



Ralph E. Smeltzer 

One of Ralph Smeltzer's earli- 
est peace-related activities was 
in 1942-1943, teaching at the 
Manzanar Relocation Center for 
Americans of Japanese Ances- 
try. Manzanar, in California, was 
one of the 10 infamous con- 
centration camps into which the 
US government threw its Japan- 
ese-American citizens during 
World War IL 

Later, Smeltzer and his wife, 
Mary, directed programs 
for people of Japanese an- 
cestry aiding their relo- 
cation in Chicago and 
Brooklyn. From 1946 to 
1949. he directed Brethren 
Ser\'ice in Austria. Then he 
served 1953-1968 as di- 
rector of Peace and Social Edu- 
cation on the Brethren Service 
Commission staff. He was serv- 
ing as director of the denomi- 
nation's Washington Office at 
the time of his death in 1976. 

One of his lesser known but 
very significant services as a 
peace activist was his role. 
1963-1965, as a mediator in the 
Selma, Ala., civil rights crisis. 
Tribute for this was paid in 
Charles E. Pager's 1974 book. 
Selma 1965- 

Dale W. Brown (born 1926) 

Dale Brown made a name for 
himself as a peace activist dur- 
ing his 32 years at Bethany 
Theological Seminary, 
where he was professor of 
Christian Theology while 
maintaining a busy sched- 
ule as a resource person 
for peace activities across 
the denomination. 

One of his chief contributions 
has been the authoring of books 
such as The Christian Revolu- 
tionary, Understanding Pietism 
(now out in a revised edition). 
Flamed by the Spirit. What About 
the Russians? and Biblical Paci- 
fism. He served as Annual Con- 

President Eisenhower in 1953, 1955, and 
1956. He completed studies of educa- 
tional needs in countries as varied as 
Cambodia and Colombia at the request of 
a State Department agency. lohn also 
completed short-term assignments in 
Yugoslavia, India, Iran, and Nigeria. 

It was during his retirement that John, 
strongly supported by Elizabeth, made the 
greatest contribution to the Brethren. 
Their long-standing interest in peace and 
in conflict resolution led the Bakers to 
fund programs at Juniata College (1974) 
and Bethany Theological Seminary 
(1980), as well as at Ohio University. In 
the early 1970s, Elizabeth proposed a cur- 
ricular peace emphasis to luniata College, 
offering to begin a fund for this purpose. 
She persisted until the college responded. 

When lohn presented one of their 
financial grants for the luniata Institute 
for Peace and Conflict Studies (renamed 
in 1987 in honor of the Bakers), he 
referred to the well-known statement in 

UNESCO's constitution: "Since war 
begins in the minds of men, it is in the 
minds of men that the defenses of peace 
must be constructed." He concluded, 
"Nowhere is it more important to build 
these defenses than in the minds of col- 
lege students. . . . This income, we hope, in 
some small way, will aid this great cause." 

Elizabeth was honored by luniata Col- 
lege in 1987. On that occasion, she said, 
"It is the most gratifying thing in my life to 
feel [myself] a part of this great worldwide 
quest for peace. I want to [challenge] all of 
you who are teaching the young to think in 
new ways about this world " 

lohn had a long-term relationship with 
luniata College for he served actively on 
the its board of trustees for 50 years 
(1936-1986) and as chairman 
1963-1976. He currently holds the title 
Chairman Emeritus. All told, he has 
helped to lead the college for nearly half 
of its existence. In recognition of his ser- 
vice, the college awarded him a Doctor of 

Manchester College: The first US 
peace studies program 

Established in 1948 — two decades before any other such 
program — the Peace Studies Institute and Program for Con- 
flict Resolution at Manchester College pioneered as the first 
undergraduate peace studies program in the United States. 
The academic program offers a Bachelor's degree in peace 
studies, as well as a minor. Many students combine peace and 5| 
conflict studies with a second, traditional major. 

The program in peace studies is interdisciplinary and draws || 
from political science, psychology, economics, sociology, phi- 
losophy, religion, and the humanities. Attention is given to 
questions of values and personal lifestyle, as well as to historical perspectives, 
conflict resolution, political theory, and social change. 

Peace studies education at Manchester extends beyond the classroom. Majors 
are in weekly discussions at "Kenapocomoco Coalition," retreats, action projects 
(such as Amnesty International and CROP), and mediation services on campus 
and/or in area public schools. |anuary study-travel has taken students to countries 
such as Ireland, Mexico, Haiti, and Brazil. Many students spend their junior year 
with Brethren Colleges Abroad. 

The Peace Studies Institute was established by Gladdys E. Muir to prepare 
Brethren men and women for peace leadership. Muir headed the Institute for 1 1 
years. Kenneth L. Brown, who joined the Manchester faculty in 1961, has 
directed the institute since 1980. 

Ken Brown 

14 Messenger June 1997 




Laws degree in 1943, one of nine hon- 
orary degrees conferred upon him. 

In 1988, Elizabeth commissioned at 
Juniata an open-air "peace chapel" on 
scenic college property overlooking the 
campus and town. It was created by Maya 
:Lin, who designed the Vietnam Veterans 
memorial and the Civil Rights memorial. 
iMaya Lin grew up in Athens, Ohio, where 
her parents were faculty members of the 
university that (ohn headed. The luniata 
College connection was featured in an 
Oscar-winning documentary film on the 
ilife and work of the young designer, 
shown nationally on public television in 
'November 1996. 

One of the happy developments in later 
ilife for John was his belated friendship 
with Brethren peace activist M.R. Zigler. 
They hit it off immediately, assisted by 
their mutual friendship with Andrew W. 
Cordier, first chairman of the Brethren 
Service Committee, long-time United 
Nations administrator, and president of 
Columbia University. John attended the 
memorial service for M.R. Zigler in 1985. 
He commented in a letter to M.R.'s biog- 
rapher that in [ewish folklore "there is a 
tradition that the Creator has in every gen- 
eration 36 anonymous righteous men 
privileged to see God, and the world exists 
on their merit." He went on: "If true, it 
would appear to me that M.R. was one of 
these rare, selected individuals." |ohn con- 
siders M.R. Zigler to have incorporated 
the best in Brethren values as an ecumeni- 
cally oriented advocate for peace. In a 
practical demonstration of his respect, 
John made a significant gift to inaugurate 
the M.R. Zigler Endowment Fund of On 
Earth Peace Assembly (OEPA). 

Following gradua- 
tion from Juniata 
College m 1917, 
John served with 
American Friends 
Service Committee, 
working among 
rural French people 
at the height of 
World War /. 

To recognize John's untiring efforts for 
peace, OEPA presented him with the 
M.R. Zigler Peacemaking Award in Octo- 
ber 1995. The citation began "Born in 
Everett, Pa., 100 years ago this year. Dr. 
John Baker has led an exemplary life pro- 
moting scholarship and education as the 
major thrust of that life." 

Sounding very much like M.R. Zigler, 
John today urges Brethren to take the long 
view and to develop a clear vision for the 
church's future, downplaying past routine. 
He asserts that "business as usual" will 
place the church in the also-ran category, 
on a course for futility. Brethren must lead 
out boldly with their actions for and mes- 
sages on peace and other great moral 
issues of the day — leading that is needed 
desperately in contemporary society. 

Andrew Murray, director of the Baker 
Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies at 
Juniata College, gives this characterization 
of John Baker: "He challenges and sup- 
ports. He shared with Elizabeth a great 
vision on how the academic community 
might contribute to a more peaceful world. 
But vision is only half the story. Hard 
work, attention to detail, and consistent 
and unswerving support have combined 
with his vision to leave a legacy that will 
keep committees, students, and teachers 
focused on a better future for our world." 

Now past the century mark in years, John 
Calhoun Baker remains an outspoken stal- 
wart for peace, challenging the Brethren to 
live up to their peace heritage by active ~7r\ 
engagement in that cause today. . I 

Donald F. Dwnbaugh. of James Creek, Pa., is a 
Brethren historian with a career that has included 
professorships at Juniata College. Elizabethtown Col- 
lege, and Bethany Theological Seminary, 

ference moderator in 1972 

Since his retirement from 
Bethany Seminary in 1994, his 
base has been Elizabethtown, Pa., 
where he relates to Elizabeth- 
town College's Young Center for 
Anabaptist and Pietist Snidies and 
teaches at Bethany Seminary's 
Susquehanna Valley Satellite. Still 
the activist, he has recently taken 
part in peace demonstrations in 
Washington, DC. The next book 
he anticipates writing is one on 
Brethren doctrine. 

This month he will speak on 
"John Kline and his Quest for 
Peace" at the bicentennial cele- 
bration in Broadway, Va., of the 
19th-century peace martyr's birth. 

Ted A. Studebaker 


As a Brethren Volunteer Service 
(BVS) worker, Ted Studebaker 
served two years with Viet- 
nam Christian Service in 
the war-wracked country's 
central highlands. He was 
killed April 26, 1971, dur- 
ing a Vietcong attack on his 
residence at Di Linh. 

As a conscientious ob- 
jector and a Brethren peace ac- 
tivist, he had spoken out against 
American military participation 
in the Vietnam War and the de- 
struction of the Montagnard and 
Koho peoples. 

The tragic death of this young 
man, whose constant affirmation 
was "Life is great, yea!" served 
to turn him into a peace martyr 
and folk hero for the Brethren. 

We conclude our list of well- 
known Brethren peace activists 
as we began it— with the name 
of one who laid down his life in 
the service of peace. 

Credits for 'peace stalwarts" por- 
traits: Kline, Zigler, West: Kermon 
Thomasson: Miiir Huston, Row, 
Rieman, Smellzer: Brethren Histori- 
cal Library and .\rchives; Brown: 
Bethany Theological Seminary: Stude- 
baker: Don Honick. 

June 1997 Messenger 1 5 


BY Kenneth I. Morse 

I It should come as no surprise that 

I Brethren do not always "preach" 
fceatfrom the traditional pulpits that 
worshipers deem appropriate. In a 
collection of anecdotes from Brethren 
history, such as I made for my book 
Preaching in a Tavern, there is bound 
to be found a wealth of incidents 
illustrating the unconventional cir- 
cumstances that sometimes 
accompany Brethren preaching. The 
bulliest pulpits are not always those 
found in Brethren churches. 

A th*eatened lynching in Tennessee 

Look at what happened to Samuel 
Garber, an Illinois Brethren, when he 
preached in Tennessee, where he for- 
merly had lived. This was in 1858, 
when tension between free states and 
slave states, abolitionists and slave- 
holders, was rapidly building toward 
civil war. 

Preaching in a Presbyterian church in 
eastern Tennessee, Garber "spoke of 
the yoke and the bondage of sin in gen- 
eral terms . . .and particularly against 
oppression in every shape and form." 
Reporting in Messenger's forerunner. 
The Gospel Visitor, Garber wrote, 
"About the close of my discourse, I said 
that among the yokes and oppressions 
might be named that of slavery." 

Garber had "done gone to med- 
dling," as he quickly found out. 
Immediately another minister 
jumped up and announced that he 
would show that Garber's Isaiah 
58:6 text had no reference to African 
slavery. A newspaper article accused 
Garber of having the audacity to 
deliver an abolition sermon in the 
presence of master and slave. That 
was followed by threats of lynch law, 
of being tarred and feathered and 
ridden out of town on a rail. 

A few weeks later, the Brethren 

Illustrations abound to show that, 

throughout Brethren history, our 

preachers have found that the bulliest 

pulpit is not always the one in the church. 

preacher was arrested for delivering 
an abolition sermon. Garber refused 
to appear in court on a Sunday, but 
the next day he was set free on $500 
bail "to appear in the next term of 
court." Area Brethren, fearing vio- 
lence, persuaded him to leave 
Tennessee. They paid the forfeited 
bail money. Later, socked with court 
costs and lawyer's fees amounting to 
$234, a pained Garber grumbled, "A 
pretty sum to be paid for preaching 

Ken Morse knew the bearded preacher, 

antiquary, and raconteur Reuel B. 
Pritchett for many years before he put 
him into his book. In a photo from 
earlier times, the tivo pored over 
historical documents from brother 
Pritchett 's collection that was deposited 
in the Pritchett Museum at Bridgewater 
College. In old age, brother Pritchett 
wrote a tale-filled autobiography titled 
On the Ground Floor of Heaven. He 
died at 90, in 1974. 

16 Messenger June 1997 

he gospel! Where is the boasted lib- 
erty of the pulpit and the press?" 

Cleaning up after horses 

llf ever the use of incense could 
lave been justified in a Brethren 
ivorship service, it was on a cattle 
Doat returning from Greece in 
1948. Reuel B. Pritchett, a | 
plain-garbed preacher from < 
White Pine, Tenn., and, for the S 
v'oyage, a "sea-going horse | 
wrangler," tells how he cleaned ^ 
up a stable on the boat to create | 
a makeshift sanctuary: s 

"On our return voyage, I | 
made me a church on deck, ^ 
right where one of the horse sta- 
bles had been. I took a hose and 
flushed it all out nice and clean. 
It had open cracks, like a [corn] 
crib. 1 got planks we'd used for par- 
titions, scrubbed them all up, slipped 
them into the cracks, and made raised 
seats all the way back. 1 made me a 
stand and took a towel out of my grip 
for a spread on the stand. We was out 
on the deck, and the wind would be 
so heavy, I'd have to weight the towel 
down with something, or my Bible 
and all would have been blown away. 
So 1 polished up some ammunition 
cartridges that I'd secured from under 
the rubble of waterfront warehouses 
in Athens and perched them on the 
spread for vases to hold it down tight. 

"There ... I would preach. (I had 
preached going over, too, but without 
the deck chapel.) I [ordinarily] wore 
work clothes, but when 1 went to preach 
... I appeared as stately as I knew how 
to do. I had the high-ranking officers 
and the reprobate old seamen and the 
soldiers we were hauling back instead of 
horses. They all came to church, and I 
unloaded on them. One profane old 
seaman said to me, "Mr. Pritchett, this 
is the first time we ever had any religion 
on this boat." 

Isaac Newton Harvey Beahm was 

probably the most colorful Brethren 
character of all time. Practically 
everyone knew him, for he not only 
held forth at Annual Conferences but 
traveled constantly. He spread mirth 
everywhere he went with his razor- 
sharp wit. pithy "sound bites. " and his 
way of referring to himself in third 
person as "brother Beahm. " He was 
killed in a car wreck at age 91 in 1950. 

Preaching at a court-martial 

Some of the finest statements setting 
forth aspects of the Brethren peace 
testimony can be found in the 
printed records of Brethren who 
were summoned, arrested, and called 
upon to give a defense of their 
beliefs. One of the most eloquent of 

these came about at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kan., during World War I, 
when Maurice Hess, a member of the 
Old German Baptist Brethren and, 
for many years, a McPherson Col- 
lege professor, offered this 
statement at his court-martial as 
a conscientious objector: 
"For a young man, life and 
its hopes and freedom and 
opportunities for service are 
sweet to me. I want to go out 
into the world and make use 
of what little talent I may 
have acquired by long and 
laborious study. 

"But I know that 1 dare not 
purchase these things at the 
price of eternal condemnation. 
1 know the teaching of Christ, 
my Savior. He taught us to resist 
not evil, to love our enemies, to 
bless them that curse us, and do 
good to them that hate us. . . . We 
would indeed be hypocrites and base 
traitors to our profession if we would 
be unwilling to bear the taunts and 
jeers of a sinful world, and imprison- 
ment, and torture or death, rather 
than to participate in war and mili- 
tary service. We know that obedience 
to Christ will gain for us the glorious 
prize of eternal life. We cannot yield, 
we cannot compromise; we must 

"Two centuries ago, our people 
were driven out of Germany by reli- 
gious persecution, and they accepted 
the invitation of William Penn to 
come to his colony, where they might 
enjoy the blessing of religious liberty 
that he promised them. This religious 
liberty was later confirmed by the 
Constitution of Pennsylvania and the 
Constitution of the United States. 
"If the authorities now see fit to 
change those fundamental docu- 
ments and take away our privilege of 
living in accordance with the teach- 
ing of the Scriptures of God, then we 

June 1997 Messenger 17 





»till on tne rut 


In 1943, Kenneth Ivan Morse, a young Brethren man from Ahoona, Pa., 
took a job at the Brethren PubHshing House in Elgin, 111., serving as 

editor of youth publications. In 1950, he moved 
up to become editor of The Gospel Messenger, 
succeeding Desmond W. Bittinger. Ken served as 
editor for 21 years. The most memorable event for 
the magazine in those years was the 1965 change 
in format and frequency of publication, and the 
shortening of the name to Messenger. 

After becoming Brethren Press book editor in 
1971, Ken continued on the Messenger staff as 
associate editor, until his retirement in 1978. That 
rounded out 35 years of service on the General 
Ken Morse Board staff. 

But that was not the end of Ken's productivity. In the nearly 20 years 
since then, he has continued to write poems and songs and to author 
books. His latest work, which is excerpted on these pages is Preaching in 
a Tavern, published by Brethren Press this month. 

At age 84, Ken is still looking toward the future. In 1993, he proposed 
a writing project and presented it as a challenge to Brethren of various 
talents: "To restate and reaffirm for the 21st century the marks of the 
Brethren way — based on the words and example of Jesus as they are illus- 
trated by stories from Brethren life, experienced by Brethren members, 
preserved by Brethren images and rituals, and embodied in Brethren 
practices." (See August/September 1993, inside front cover.) 

This he believes would be a suitable way to mark and celebrate the 
300th anniversary of the Church of the Brethren in 2008. If there is a 
group of Brethren around who are as multi-talented as Kenneth Ivan 
Morse, the project should be a snap to pull off. — Kermon Thomasson 

have no course but to endure perse- 
cution as true soldiers of Christ. 

"If I have committed anything 
worthy of bonds or death, I do not 
refuse to suffer or die. 1 pray God for 
strength to remain faithful." 

Despite this remarkable defense . . . 
and eloquent "preaching" in a mili- 
tary courtroom, Maurice Hess was 
sentenced to prison and spent time 
in solitary confinement. 

Brother Beahm's "Jubilee Journey" 

Not all the preaching in unlikely pul- 
pits has been as serious as that of 
Maurice Hess. Well-known Brethren 
character I.N.H. Beahm celebrated 
50 years in the ministry by staging a 
"Jubilee Journey." 

In order to set his record of 
preaching in 20 different places on 
20 different subjects all on the same 
day, it was necessary to go beyond 
the limits of churches and to include 

meetings in homes and courthouses 
and on courthouse lawns. But 
"brother Beahm" met the challenge 
in his own unique style. 

He set out on July 26, 1931, 
accompanied by other ministers who 
assisted in each service, by a group 
of singers, and by three stenogra- 
phers — his "recording angels," he 
called them — who took down the 20 
sermons in shorthand. The sermons 
covered topics such as work, giving, 
fasting, prayer, education, the state 
and the church as divine institutions, 
the positives and negatives of Chris- 
tianity, and the supremacy of the 
Bible and the church. 

Beahm was 72 years old at the 
time. At age 9 1 , in 1 950, he attended 
love feast at Jones Chapel church 
near Martinsville, Va., and was killed 
in a car wreck later that evening of 
Nov. 1 1. The fast-paced preacher 
died as he often had said he wanted 
to — "with his shoes on." 

Knock-down, drag-out in Somerset 

Perhaps the most unusual manner of 
illustrating a sermon subject 
occurred spontaneously in Somerset 
County, Pa., around 1872. William 
Sevits announced that he would 
preach on "Casting out Devils." 
During his sermon, two local rough- 
necks came forward and offered the 
preacher a drink of whiskey from 
their bottle. Sevits grabbed the pair 
by the scruffs of their necks and 
knocked their heads together. Taking' 
each of the unconscious men by an 
arm, he dragged them down the aisle 
and dumped them outside. 

Reoccupying his pulpit, Sevits 
remarked to the petrified congrega- " 
tion, "I didn't expect to literally 
demonstrate my text and sermon 
topic this evening." He then went on 
to preach a powerful sermon such as 

Sarah Major, the first woman to gain 
recognition as a preacher, gained it by 
open if humble defiance against 
Annual Meeting calls for her silence. 
When reminded of the apostle Paul's 
admonition against women speaking 
in church. Sarah scoffed that she 
couldn 't believe he would be so bold aS' 
"to quench the gift of the Spirit of God 
because it was given to a woman. " 
And she kept right on preaching until 
her death at 76, in 1884. 

18 Messenger June 1997 

10 one had ever heard. As for the two 
chastened bulHes, they went to see 
Sevits the next day and begged for 
Forgiveness. He agreed, on condition 
that they attend the rest of the revival, 
3very night. The two complied, joined 
the church, and were reputed to have 
jventually become elders! 

Did his wife believe this one? 

The title of my book comes from an 
incident in the early 1800s. George 
Price and several other Brethren 
ministers were visiting congregations 
in western Pennsylvania. Seeking a 
much needed night of rest, they 
asked for lodging in a tavern. The 
taverner warned them that a dance 
was scheduled for that night: there 
would be loud music and boisterous 
carryings on. The next tavern was 
seven miles down the road, so the 
(Brethren group decided to tough it 
out, the dance notwithstanding. 
When the leader of the dance 
showed up, he heard of the preach- 
ers' presence, and asked to meet 
Ithem. He was so taken by their wit- 
ness, that the dance was called off, 
and George Price preached to an 
(impromptu congregation, right there 
dn the tavern! 

^How dare Conference let her speak! 

*As far as I know, Sarah Major 
(1808-1884) never spoke in a 
tavern, but she often spoke in jails 
and hospitals. Wherever her pulpits 
were, there was controversy, just 
because she was a "woman 
preacher." We need not think that 
controversial speakers at Annual 
Conference are just a present-day 
phenomenon. Annual Meeting was 
grappling with the problem and what 
to do about it even in Sarah Major's 
day. At the 1878 Meeting, in North 
Manchester, Ind., Sarah was preach- 
ing off on the side, and the 
troublesome sister siphoned off such 
a crowd that the preaching had to be 
amoved to a large church nearby. 

Once in earlier years, an Annual 
Meeting committee was sent to 

counsel with maverick Major. It 
heard her and went away without 
enforcing an Annual Meeting ruling 
of 1834 made (in vain) to quiet her. 
One committee member (a male, of 
course) commented, "I could not 
give my voice to silence someone 
who can outpreach mel" 

A drifters' guru atop a mountain 

One of the most unusual preachers, 
as well as an unusual base of opera- 
tions, was [ames S. Swallow and his 
Sonoma Lighthouse Mission atop 
Sonoma Mountain, north of San 
Francisco. Then Messenger manag- 
ing editor Kermon Thomasson 
visited the 9 1 -year-old bearded 
patriarch in his mist-shrouded 
mountain fastness in 1975 and wrote 
an "as-told-to" story, "The Lord and 
Elder Swallow" duly 1975). 

Elder Swallow, a boy from a broken 
home and a runaway in the late 
1800s, grew up amid tremendous 
hardships. At age 16, he served in the 
US Army in the Philippines. Later he 
got religion, married, became a min- 
ister, and led a footloose life around 
the country, leading him eventually, 
in old age, to Sonoma Mountain. 
There his life ended as he ministered 
to runaway youths and drifters — "the 
boys and girls of the highway." 

Describing those whom he served 
as guru, elder Swallow said they were 
"ones like I was, cast-offs, the ones 
that's down and out, got no place to 

James S. Swallow led an exciting 

(though tragedy-filled) vagabond 
existence as a boy. and had stirring 
adventures in the US war in the 
Philippines before settling down, 
getting religion, and becoming a 
preacher Forever footloose, elder 
Swallow ended up in old age atop 
Sonoma Mountain north of San 
Francisco, where he told his story to 
Messenger (fuly 1975) just shortly 
before his death at 91. 

go, no place to call home, nobody that 
cares for or loves them." He went on 
to explain his unique ministry: "They 
come here from everywhere now. If 
they want to get married, they come. 
If they want to be saved, they come. If 
they want somebody to listen to them, 
they come. 

"These boys and girls of the high- 
way are coming in and laying their 
lives on the altar. I'm having a better 
time right now than I've ever had in 
my life. Don't tell me that the Lord 
doesn't have a purpose for our lives. 
He does! He does!" 

And not only does the Lord have a 
purpose for our lives. Often those 
whose purpose is to preach find 
themselves doing it in the most \~T/r\ 
unlikely pulpits. r**"*! 

Kenneth I. Morse served as editor of 
Messenger, 1950-1971. A poet, a hymn- 
writer, and a much published author he has 
just completed a new Brethren Press book. 
Preaching in a Tavern. He and his wife. Mar- 
jorie. live in North Manchester, bid. 

June 1997 Messenger 19 

Anew d e s i g n 

for the General Board 

Let's find the water, fill the jar 

Fourth in a four-part series of information pieces 
about the General Board's proposed new design. 

BY Wendy McFadden 

Sometimes when my children are watch- 
ing a video they've seen dozens of times, 
they still want to sit real close to me during 
the scary parts. 

"But you've seen this before," I say. "Isn't it 
less scary since you know that everything turns 
out all right in the end?" ^ 

No, they still feel frightened in the middle of S 
the scene. % 

Maybe we adults aren't all that different. 
Even though we have the assurance that things 
will turn out all right in the end, trusting is 
still hard. 

My father's stock answer when I've fin- 
ished some long-winded description of a 
problem is, "Well, don't worry. Everything 
will work out." At the time, that response usu- 
ally seems a little pollyanna-ish, as if he hasn't 
really understood the problem. But the truth 
is, everything always does work out — even- 

'"""y- God always does come through, even cOngre^attOnS, OUT tUsk 
II It s m a ditterent way from what 1 expected. o o ' v 

The Bible is an epic story — the story of 
God's involvement in the life of his people. 
When we take the long view, we can see that 
God repeatedly is faithful, even though in 
each crisis the people feared the worst. There 
are moments when God feels far away and 
the world seems out of control, but ultimately 
we see that everything is in God's hands. • • • • 

Everything turns out all right in the end. 

That doesn't mean the middle isn't scary. 

Right now the Church of the Brethren General Board is in 
the middle, and it makes us anxious to not know how the scene 
will end. But I'm convinced that we do know the end of the 
movie. "For 1 know the plans I have for you, says the Lord. . . . 
to give you a future and a hope!" (Jer. 29: 1 1 RSV) . 

The General Board is redesigning itself, and it's messy. It's 
hard to live in your house while you're remodeling it. There's a 
lot of noise and dust. You get distracted from your regular 
chores. And the whole project looks worse for a while than the 
building you earlier decided needed to be changed. 

It's also unclear. While there are some blueprints, it seems 
as if most of the decisions have to be made as we go. 

And it's idealistic. It assumes we can improve upon the 
past. The old design served us well for 50 years; what will the 
new one do for us? 

But at some moments, it's also inspiring. The new is begin- 
ning to take shape and someday it will feel like home. More 
than that, the very act of changing ourselves is forcing us into 
new ways of thinking about how we carry out our work. 

20 Messenger June 1997 

Whether our 
congregation is large or 

small, whether we're 

denominational leaders 

or members of 

is the same: We are to 

fill the jars with water. 

We cannot turn the 

water into wine. 

Has anyone ever revitalized a denomination by 
restructuring? Perhaps not. But I'm sure that no 
denomination has ever been revitalized by staying tht. 
same. If the new design allows us to be more open to 
God's leading, if it allows the Spirit to move more 
freely among us, then by all means let's restructure. 
In fact, let's restructure more than once. Let's 
write our plans in pencil. As the Redesign Steering 
Committee has urged, let us build a tabernacle 
rather than a temple. Let us be portable and light- 
weight and flexible, so that we can pick up and movei 
when the Spirit leads us on. 

Where might the Spirit be leading us 
today? Perhaps it's not the task but the con- 
text that is new. Today the church is trying 
to minister in extraordinarily difficult times: 

We are tired. The church should 
replenish people — return to them the 
energy they've spent — but it isn't doing 
that now. Instead of feeling refreshed by 
our time there, we often feel more tired. 
The church needs to nourish its people in 
order to enable them to serve. 

We are consiinier-oriented. We go 
church-shopping the same way we shop 
for shoes. If we don't like the pastor or the 
youth program, we move on down the 

We are skeptical. Our distrust of politi- 
cal and social leaders and institutions 
carries over to the church. 
• • • • • We want to see with our own eyes. We 

are not giving less, but we're keeping it closer to home. We 
want personal connections with the recipients of our giving. 

We have much more information, but it's shallow and wide. 
Faced with an information glut, we have little time or energy to 
probe deeply. Most of the information simply shocks or enter- 
tains. Our attention span is short. 

We have less formal religious training, but a more pro- 
nounced hunger for spiritual sustenance. We can't count on a 
shared body of biblical knowledge. So how best do we teach? 
The daunting list goes on. How in the world can we persevere? 
lesus commissioned 12 disciples. The Brethren movement 
began with eight. We are not too small to be used by God. We 
still have much to offer to the world. 

We have always sought to extend the reach of the congrega- 
tion into the wider world, to focus the Brethren voice, to be 
more effective together than individual congregations can be on 
their own. 

We have been committed to outward acts of service that 
grow out of a strong inner spirituality — a manifestation of our 
twin strands of Anabaptism and Pietism. 

We have emphasized discernment through community, 

..and expect a miracle 

believing in continual openness to new ideas and new under- 

We have placed a iiigher value on right relationships than 
on right doctrine. Not that belief doesn't matter, but we have 
noticed that [esus more often reached out in love than in 

We have cherished long-held values of peacemaking, sim- 
plicity, integrity, conflict resolution, partnership. 

We have been "leaven" in the world, creating programs that 
have influence far beyond our size and providing leadership in 
arenas larger than the Church of the Brethren. 

We have been dedicated to doing the work of [esus, to 
living lives of discipleship, to making our faith count every day 
of the week. 

As the General Board has struggled with continuing the 
work of lesus in today's culture, it has chosen to orient itself 
more closely to the congregations. The hope is that the board 
will greatly enhance the way it resources congregations, and 
that congregations will have more direct involvement in plan- 
ining denominational ministries. 

The challenges are many. How can we increase resources 
with fewer staff? Can one really structure in a way for everyone 
to have direct involvement? How close will expectation and 
reality be? 

Can we shift our focus while still maintaining balance, 
remembering that the General Board's purpose is not solely to 
meet local needs? Part of its purpose is to do those things that a 
congregation cannot do — things that a congregation might not 
ever identify as a need. The work of |esus is broader than one's 
immediate community, even though it surely begins there. 

It is popular right now to draw upon marketing language 
and think of the congregations or church members as cus- 
tomers. While there is much to learn from the business world 
and its emphasis on customers, we already live too much in a 
culture that is so consumer-oriented that we impatiently give 
up on anything that is not immediately to our liking. There is 
little need for commitment and discipleship in a climate in 
which we believe our primary reason for attending church is to 
have our needs served. 

This is not to say that churches should not focus on meet- 
ing needs. There are many needs out there, and to follow lesus' 
example will cause us to move out into the world binding up 
those wounds. 

But too much emphasis on customer satisfaction feeds our 
individualism and self-centeredness, and allows us to shift our 
focus from first and foremost serving God. A church focused 
on truly serving God will end up meeting its members' needs. 
But a church focused only on meeting human needs will not 
necessarily end up serving God. 

A church exists to nurture individuals within a community of 
faith but also to live out that faith throughout the world. If a con- 
gregation focuses only on the former, its vision and witness are 
truncated. While it carries out some of this witness in its immedi- 

ate community, in the Church of the Brethren our congregations 
also band together with other congregations to carry that witness 
much farther than any one congregation can do on its own. 

In other words, when we say the General Board exists to 
serve congregations, we do not imply that the board exists only 
to serve the congregations. Rather, the board exists on the 
authority of the congregations, but has been given a broader 
assignment than to keep the circulatory system working only 
within the body. By working collectively, the church pours itself 
out for the entire world. If we give, knowing that only part of 
what we give is meant to come back to us individually, we will 
eventually find that we actually have received far more than we 
originally gave. 

How important is structure? It's merely the framework 
within which we do our ministry. It's a vessel in which we carry 
the message. A new design may make our work less difficult, or 
it may more accurately reflect our theology and philosophy of 
denominational life, but it is not itself the ministry. A new 
design may instigate a shift in attitude and style, but it is not 
itself the message. 

Whether our congregation is large or small, whether we're 
denominational leaders or members of congregations, our task 
is the same: We are to fill up the jars with water. We cannot 
turn the water into wine. Only God can. But he tells us to fill 
the jars. Each of us must find the water and the jars, expecting 
the miracle. 

My favorite passage of scripture is 2 Corinthians 4: 

"Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy of God, we do 

not lose heart For what we preach is not ourselves, but Jesus 

Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for lesus' sake. . . . 

"But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, to show that 
the transcendent power belongs to God and not to us. We are 
afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not 
driven to despair; persecuted, but not forsaken: struck down, 
but not destroyed 

"So we do not lose heart. Though our outer nature is wast- 
ing away, our inner nature is being renewed every day. For this 
slight momentary affliction is preparing for us an eternal 
weight of glory beyond all comparison, because we look not to 
the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen; for 
the things that are seen are transient, but the things that are 
unseen are eternal" (2 Cor. 4:1, 5, 7-9, 16-18 RSV). 

We are sturdy, simple pots, formed by God's hands. We are 
not perfect. We are different sizes and shapes. We are ordi- 
nary — even homely. But we are handmade by God. 

Our job is not to be the water, but to be the vessels. God has 
given us the honor of carrying living water to a thirsty people. 
We are filled . . . and then we allow ourselves to be poured out for 
the refreshment and replenishment of a dry world. 

This is our responsibility . . . and our joy. If we will be 
eager vessels, God will transform our ordinary efforts FTT 

into wine for the world. l__ 

Wendy McFadden is director and publisher of Brethren Press. 

June 1997 Messenger 21 

What is the best way 
to mar\ holy ground? 

It is by constructing 

a monument of 

prayer— constant 


dwelling less and 

less on what God 

has done for us, 

a7id more on the 

tenuous comtection, 

the ladder between 
heaven and earth. 


arkingwith monuments 

BY Frank Ramirez 

■ JUS 
I pre 

here's a saying in Indiana. 
"If you don't like tiie weather, 
just wait 1 5 minutes." The 
proverb is likely true for a 
good part of the country. Be 
that as it may, it is amusing for me, a 
former Angelino, who grew up on a 
steady of diet of overcast mornings 
and sunny afternoons, to watch the 
piercing light of dawn in northern 
Indiana give way to dark and brooding 
clouds and sudden squalls, followed by 
bright sunshine and steady winds. It 
makes me want to wait around for the 
afternoon to see what else will happen. 

One thing I notice in connection 
with these sudden weather changes is 

22 Messenger June 1997 

how short the memory is for those 
who live through them. Hoosiers 
seem convinced that sun, shadow, 
rain, or wind will rule the rest of the 
day, and they make their plans 
accordingly, even though change 
seems the only constant. These 
things come and go, but there don't 
seem to be any memory markers. 

Changes in the fabric of the universe 
come and go as well, and the biggest 
change comes during those moments 
when God's end of the conversation 
takes on a more tangible form. 

Call it answer to prayer, a still small 
voice, an omen, a sign, or handwriting 
across the heavens. It takes a lot of 
forms, and there are no constants. It is 
not something that can be quantified. 

But I'm tempted. 

I have thought in the past of carry- 
ing around a little notebook, on 
which I would write the title Tender 
Mercies. In it, I would record every 
moment in which I felt God inter- 
vened in my life. Most of it would be 
small stuff. The clear message to 
"Get there." The sudden and inex- 
plicable urge to "Wait," or "Bide." 
The demand to "Let go." 

It is a constant thing, I find. If I 
just relax, I find myself in the right 
place at the right time to serve others, 
to hear others. I don't leave the 
office, and a phone call comes. I take 
a little side trip on a whim, and there 
is a need when I arrive. I am forced 
to choose between two alternatives. 

and suddenly the choice is clear. 

1 know better than to think I am the 
only person so blessed. Time and 
again, I sit in the company of a 
believer who has experienced the same 
thing. Like Elijah, faint in the desert 
after his flight from Jezebel, these 
believers were on the verge of despair 
when spiritual food — or sometimes a 
plate of cookies — arrived in time, 
giving them the strength to travel to 
the foot of God's mountain. 

What interests me about these sto- 
ries — mine and others — is that they 
don't always end with tragedy averted. 
Everyone is going to die, and we are all 
going to experience not only our own 
passing, but the departure of others as 
well. What seems to be offered at times 
is not safety, but assurance. 

Is God at work? I think so. Most of 
these instances aren't very spectacu- 
lar, but they occur fairly regularly. 

But how to mark these occa- 
sions? What is the best way to 
memorialize those moments 
that show that God is not only 
on the listening end, but he is in a 
sending mode as well? 

When (acob saw the traffic is con- 
stant between heaven and earth, even 
when you are on the run from a 
brother who wants your hide, he 
named the place "Bethel," saying, 
"Surely the Lord is in this place — and 
I did not know it!" And he left behind 
a stone pillar (Gen. 28:10-22). 

That stone pillar isn't a half-bad 
idea. It's a good conversation starter. 
Jacob set up more than one, as did 
the other patriarchs. When the chil- 
dren of Israel crossed the Jordan (on 
dry land, no less) into the Promised 
Land, they stopped and picked up 
one large stone for each of the 12 
tribes, specifically as a conversation 
starter. If anyone asked what that 
stack of stones was doing in their old 
camp site, they could be told all 
about the story, and be reminded 
that God had passed through these 

parts once and done another wonder 
for his people (Josh. 4:1-7). 

But I can't always remember where 
the stones are. The tamarisk tree in 
Beer-sheba was a solemn place for 
Abraham to renew the covenant as 
well (Gen. 21 :33). But trees are 
mortal, as we are, though slower 

This is the steady linl^. 
This is the bond, the 
assurance, the record 

of all that goes before. 
This monument 

moves tvith us through 

the stages of our lives. 

about the matter, if we let them be. 

Nor can you fully trust monu- 
ments. I recall in this regard a trip to 
my old graduate school. I graduated 
from Bethany Theological Seminary, 
in Oak Brook, 111., in 1979, after 
three of the most formative years of 
my life. I resisted revisiting the site, 
despite many good memories, until 
at last my wife convinced me to stop 
there on one of our longer trips. 

What a mistake. The buildings 
were there, careworn and cracking. 
But the community was gone, scat- 
tered to the four winds. People were 
there, good people, but they weren't 
the same people who had shared that 
time with me. 

Now 1 know why Jesus made no 
resurrection appearances in the 
tomb. Even though Mary found him 
in the garden shortly thereafter, it 
was important for the angels to say, 
"He is not here!" An empty tomb not 
only means new life, but it is also a 
strong message to get away, get out 
into the world. Resist the urge to 
return to the womb, to comfort, to 

even (dare 1 say?) the upper room, 
when there are so many communions 
waiting to be shared in lower rooms 
and ground floors. 

The resurrection was made mani- 
fest outside the tomb. The memory 
of our encounters with God is made 
manifest outside those spots where 
they took place. 

What then is the best way to mark 
holy ground? 

It is by constructing a monument of 
prayer — constant communication 
dwelling less and less on what God 
has done for us, and more on the ten- 
uous connection, the ladder between 
heaven and earth that causes us to 
shout aloud at those times when we 
feel trapped in the driest spiritual 
desert, "Surely the Lord is in this 
place — and I did not know it!" 

This is the steady link. This is the 
bond, the assurance, the record of all 
that goes before. This monument 
moves with us through the stages of 
our lives. It is constant, because the 
words may remain the same. It is a 
living memorial, because the tenor of 
the conversation is never the same. 

And it is unself-conscious, because 
the conversation with God is not 
something I am trying to do. It is 
something I am doing. Moreover, the 
replies are frequent enough to assure 
me I know that my Redeemer lives. 

Which is not to say there aren't 
times when the door seems closed, 
when no answer is forthcoming. 
Prayer is not magic. We do not 
summon God at our convenience. 

But if our life of prayer is a monu- 
ment to God's mighty works, then 
the existence of this prayer stone 
provides the same thing as any his- 
torical marker: perspective. That 
view from the height is enough of a 
guide when we are back in the low- 
lands, seemingly on our own again. 

Where is God? Now I remember. 
Right here. rrri 

Just wait. Lll] 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Elkhart, Ind. 

June 1997 Messenger 23 


by Robin Wentworth Mayer 


Be careful 

that you 

don't tell 

new believers 

more than 

they want to 


.ecause some good- 
"hearted, generous 
person donated his old 
computer to our church 
when he updated his own 
system, I now am working 
on a piece of technology 
that is four generations 
beyond my most recent PC. 
That, for me, is a challenge. 
No, I have understated 
that. It's a pain. 

Now, before you accuse 
me of being one of those 
people who resist change, 
please understand that I do 
not have a technical mind. I 
won't even tell you how old 
I was before I realized that 
the television set didn't 
have miniature actors living 
and performing inside it. 
And I am still unconvinced 
that there isn't a little man 
inside my car engine who 
begins to shovel coal into a 
furnace when I turn the 
ignition key. I have to call 
one of the kids to operate 
my VCR for me, for 
heaven's sake. So for me to 
adapt from a 8088 Packard 
Bell to a 486 SX has been 
an exercise in frustration. 

But I am doing it — slowly, 
grudgingly, painstakingly. 

My husband, on the other 
hand, has a highly technical, 
analytical mind. Something 
in his perception of infor- 
mation translates all of life 
into a three-dimensional 
diagram. For him, there is 

nothing more fun than mas- 
tering a new technological 

"What a blessing," you're 
thinking. "God has pro- 
vided her a personal tutor." 

Well, sometimes blessings 
are mixed. It's not that I 
don't appreciate my hus- 
band's help; I would have 
made no headway on this 
machine without him. The 
problem is that when I get 
stuck, he always tells me 
more than I want to know. 
That leaves me over- 
whelmed and confused. 

We are inclined to be like 
my husband, aren't we? 

Our kids ask for help 
with a math problem, and 
in no time we are lecturing 
them on the perils of care- 
less financial management. 
They ask how to spell a 
word, and we send them to 
the dictionary. They ask for 
help on a science project, 
and we turn a simple pro- 
ject into a complicated feat 
of engineering. 

In one way or another, 
we tell them more than they 
want to know. 

We also do it with new 
believers when we imbue 
them with the particulars of 
tradition and church mem- 
bership before actually 
taking them through the 
disciplines of discipleship. 
Or, worse yet, we do it 
when we load them up with 
teaching or administrative 
responsibilities before they 

have had a chance to con- 
nect with a Sunday school 
class or Bible study group. 

We tell them more than 
they want to know. 

It's not that this extra 
information isn't valuable: 
Every detail that my hus- 
band tells me about this 
computer will one day feel 
indispensable to me. But I 
can only absorb one thing 
at a time. 

Most learners, when 
tackling a difficult problem 
or project, reach a satura- 
tion point far sooner than 
their teachers realize. Too 
much too soon doesn't 
result in progress. Instead, 
it causes derailment, which 
results in frustration and 

When we assume a teach- 
ing or helping role, we have ' 
to let our learners set the 
pace, whether they be our 
children, students, col- 
leagues, siblings in Christ, 
or spouses. 

Now, who is going to 
show this to my nrr 

husband? t^ 

Robin Wentworth Mayer is 
pastor of Kokomo (hid.) Church 
of tlie Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a cohimn offer- 
ing suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that we 
liope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said in 
her first installment. "Remember, 
when it comes to managing life's diffi- 
cidties. we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where the 
stepping stones are, " 

24 Messenger June 1997 

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We ^vc <rddt>, y^£^t rov a^/ 

if fd P^55 iVi V45. 144 ^VC <rddb 

1V7 rcw»^vt> fo be a:- 

fdv vid <r^m to ve li^i>. We ^\-e 

BY Kenneth L. Gibble 

"Beware of practicing your piety before others in order to 
be seen by them; for then you have no reward from your 
Father in heaven. 

"So whenever you give ahns, do not sound a trumpet 
before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in 
the streets, so that they may be praised by others. Truly I 
tell you, they have received their reward, , , . 

"And whenever you pray, do not be like the hypocrites; 
for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at 
the street corners, so that they may be seen by others. Truly 
1 tell you, they have received their reward. . . . 

"And whenever you fast, do not look dismal, like the 
hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces so as to show 
others that they are fasting. Truly I tell you, they have 
received their reward" (Matt, 6: 1-2, 5, 16). 

Iwas introduced to chain letters in college. Until then, 
I had only heard about them and had some vague 
understanding of how they worked. Supposedly, they 
were illegal, but I hadn't the faintest notion why. 

So when my college roommate received a chain letter in 
the mail, I was fascinated. In the letter were four names and 
addresses, listed top to bottom. The last name belonged to 
the person who had sent my roommate the letter. The letter 
instructed my roommate to do two things: First, send five 
dollars to the person whose name appeared at the top of the 
list; second, mail copies of the letter to six people, placing 
his own name in the number-four spot, in due time, at least 
in theory, his name would arrive at the top of the list, and 
the five-dollar bills would come rolling in. 

It didn't take my roommate long to figure out how 
many five-dollar bills that would be. Were the chain to 
remain unbroken, he would accumulate a total of $ 1 ,080. 
At once, I saw my duty and acted. I set about to temper 
my friend's enthusiasm. 

"Use your head," I told him. "Nobody takes chain letters 
seriously. They all end up in the wastebasket. Besides, 
what's to prevent others from carrying on the chain with- 

JuNE 1997 Messenger 25 

out sending that five bucks?" 

This was all very reasonable, helpful 
counsel, to my way of thinking. Did my 
roommate appreciate it? He did not. 
He quickly pointed out to me that 
the scheme meant he would have a 
potential of 236 people to send him 
five dollars. If only two of those 236 
came through, he would double his 
money. Besides, the chain letter said 
that breaking the chain would result 

in a streak of bad luck. Best not take 
a chance. 

I saw that he was hopelessly hooked 
on his illusion, so I shrugged and gave 
a final word of advice. "Don't say I 
didn't warn you." Then I sanctimo- 
niously got back to the books. 

By 10 p.m. that night, my room- 
mate had circulated his six letters to 
guys in the dorm and had given his 
sales talk to everyone in sight. Now 

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W hen a fire broke out at Elkhart City 
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many members wondered how long it would 
be before they could worship there again. 
But they were about to experience a 
wonderful surprise. 

''Mutual Aid was right there when we 
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he was sitting on his bed riffling 
through the more than 30 dollars h 
had already collected. 1* 

"Come on, roomie," he said. "You 
can still get in on the action." 

I tried to concentrate on my book, 

"Of course," he mocked, "if you ha 
started right away, your name would f 
now be at the top of a few lists." 

I sat there muttering under my 
breath. I should never have underes- 
timated the power of single-minded, 
passionate greed. 

What made my lesson painfully 
unforgettable was the five dollars I 
lost getting in on the tail end of the 
whole business. Yes, I finally suc- 
cumbed to the madness around 
midnight. By next day it was all overj 
So far as I know, no one but my 
roommate so much as broke even. 

Chain letters and the other scams 
that pervade our society — lotteries, 
sweepstakes, grand prize drawings — 
are all symptoms of the human 
longing for magical solutions. Pass 
on the chain letter and good fortune 
will result. Buy the lucky ticket and 
your problems will be solved. 

Maybe it's a carryover from child- 
hood. "Clean up your room and 
you'll get a piece of candy." "Get a 
B-l- in math and you can go on that 
weekend outing with your friends." 
Translated into religion, it comes out 
"Live a good, clean life, go to church' 
at least occasionally, and good things 
will happen to you." 

Iesus had something to say about 
all this. He called his followers' 
attention to the behavior of 
people who made a big show of 
their religion and good works. Jesus 
wasn't saying they should stop doing 
good things. His point was simply 
that once they had given their alms 
and had finished offering their public 
prayers, they had already gotten what 
they wanted: attention and admira- 
tion from their neighbors. "Truly I 
tell you," he said, "they have received 
their reward" (Matt. 6:2, 4). 

How do these words apply to the 
kind of religion you and I often prac- 
tice? If we think that being good will 
make us acceptable to God . . . will earn 
us what we want ... we are mistaken. 

26 Messenger June 1997 

•lost of the time, we are good in order 
3 get sometiiing in return: respect, 
ocial approval, even God's approval. 

Jesus makes it quite clear that doing 
ood or being good will not win us 
jod's favor. Instead, God's favor, 
jod's grace, is already given to us, and 
hen we may do good, we may even be 
ood ... at least some of the time. In 
his sense, it can be said that we are 
ood, not for any reward to be gained, 
ut simply because God has brought it 
pass in us. We are good for no gain 
be had. We are good for nothing. 

Such an idea is contrary to what 
nany people believe the Christian 
aith is all about. That's too bad, 
lecause what makes the gospel so 
xciting is the unexpectedness of 
race, the surprise of joy. 

We miss it time and time again. We 
eel guilty so often because we think 
ve aren't good enough. We are not 
;ood enough as parents, not good 
:nough as a spouse, not good 
inough as a friend. 

In one sense, it's true. We aren't 
;ood enough. In fact, we can never 
)e good enough, but that doesn't 
natter to the One who created us. 
The Holy One is far more interested 
n using whatever good we do for the 
blessing of God's children. 

There is no magic. Chain letters 
ire a sham. There are no secret for- 
nulas, no standards of right and 
vrong that, if carefully followed, will 
Jive us what we want. Rain falls on 
he just and the unjust. Some good 
oeople get sick; some bad people live 
o be 100. There are no guaranteed 
■ewards for goodness; goodness 
Tiust be its own reward. 

There is something better than 
guarantees. It is the grace and free- 
dom and love of God. They pervade 
ife more than we know, more than 
A^e take time to see. In the end, they 
Dring us, often kicking and scream- 
ng, into God's kingdom. 

Oddly enough, we have trouble 
recognizing our salvation, even rrsn 
ivhen it's staring us in the face. I I 

Kenneth L. Gibble. former promotion consul- 
ant for Messenger, is pastor of Chambersburg 
'Pa.) Church of the Brethren. He is the author 
^f several books and contributes articles to 
numerous religious publications. 

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June 1997 Messenger 27 


in Pra^ 

Daily prayer guide: 

Sunday: Your congregation's ministries 

Monday: Annual Conference officers 

Tuesday: General Board and staff 

Wednesday: District executives, 

Bethany Seminary, colleges 

and university 
Thursday: General Services 

Friday: Parish Ministries 
Saturday: World Ministries 

June prayer concerns: 

Congregation: Father's Day, June 
1 5; Summer Sunday school; vacation 
Bible school; graduates. 

Annual Conference: Delegates; 
Conference in session, July 1-6; 
Conference officers, especially mod- 
erator-elect Jimmy Ross, who 
underwent prostate cancer surgery in 
late May. 

General Board: Interim general sec- 
retary; interim Leadership Team; 
General Board meeting, July 1; Gen- 
eral Board reorganization, July 3; 
general secretary search committee; 
Transition Team. 

Districts and Colleges: CODE 

meeting, June 29-30; district execu- 
tives search committees; Shenandoah 
District's John Kline Bicentennial; 
summer classes; revitalization for 

General Services: Communication 
Team; Brethren Historical Library 
and Archives archivist; Planned 
Giving staff. 

Parish Ministries: Ministers Confer- 
ence, June 30-July 1 

World Ministries: Nigeria; Joan 
Deeter, World Ministries Commis- 
sion executive, retiring June 20. 


"Why has the General Board cut 
off all fundi 7ig to our mission iji 
South Korea that was mandated 
by Annual Conference?" 

Board's actions puzzling 

The April cover story describes excit- 
ing opportunities for Brethren 
ministry in North Korea. 

I was inspired by the General 
Board's goal of raising $75,000 for 
hungry North Koreans, in addition 
to $66,000 from the Emergency Dis- 
aster Fund, and $55,000 from the 
Global Food Crisis Fund. What puz- 
zles me is this: Why can we raise 
money for North Korea and not for 
South Korea? 




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lower registration price. 

Why has the General Board cut ofi 
all funding to our mission in South 
K.orea that was mandated by Annual 
Conference? True, South Korea is 
not physically starving, but its spiri- 
tual needs may be just as great. 

As for the General Board's down- 
sizing, budgets must be balanced, to 
be sure. But look at the April Mes- 
senger's center spread of Long 
Beach hotel ads for Conference- 
bound Brethren. We have money for 
Hyatts and Sheratons even if we 
don't have money for mission. I 
wonder how this fits with following 
[esus ...peacefully, simply, together. 

I am also puzzled by some people 
on the General Board and across the 
Brotherhood seeming to think our 
"problems" will be solved by 

Did our past two restructurings 
help us grow either numerically or 

To be sure, new wine needs a new 
skin. But old wine is still old wine, 
even if put in a new skin. 

Let us pray for new wine. We then 
could become an inspired people, 
rather than a puzzled people. 

Leon C. Nehei 
Quinter, Kan. 

All God's children are equal 

As much as I was taken by the mes- 
sage of "living the story" in the April 
editorial, "To Live the Old, Old 
Story," what really caught my eye 
was the mention of Don Snider. 
I first met Don at a conference 
many years ago. When I shook his 
hand, I introduced rnyself as "Don 
Snyder the Lesser." I called him 
"Don Snider the Greater." 

28 Messenger June 1997 

His response can easily be guessed: 
Don't ever say that! There is no 
Greater' or 'Lesser.' We're all God's 
hildren on an equal basis." 
I appreciate this man and his 

Don Snyder 
Waynesboro. Va. 

^ioC Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to 
Joel Kaujfhiatm, 111 Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one 
time use. $10 for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 

Ptp ^OM SETT\Ner 


TOF THE P11_L/Qk« 
O^ riRE T^AT 

&0(MCr TO 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Manager of Conference Center 

Brethren Service Center, 
New Windsor, Md. 

Responsible for systems and proce- 
dures; manages day-to-day opera- 
tions; does short- and long-range 
planning to achieve financial goals. 

Needs at least three years confer- 
ence/hotel management experience in 
budgeting, personnel management, 
and marketing; Bachelor's degree in 
hotel management, business adminis- 
tration, or other related field. 

Respond by June 18. 1997 

Editor of Publications 

Brethren Press 

Plans and edits Messenger maga- 
zine, and assumes other responsibili- 
ties as part of the Brethren Press editor- 
ial team. 

Needs five years proven experience in 
communications, particularly maga- 
zine editing; strong grounding in 
Brethren heritage, theology, polity; 
excellent oral, written, and interper- 
sonal communication skills; active 
membership in the Church of the 

Business Manager 

Brethren Press 

Responsible for financial planning, 
inventory management, subscriptions, 
warehousing and distribution, and 
computer systems. 

Send resume and cover letter 

by July 15 to Office of Human 

Resources. 1451 Dundee Ave.. 

Elgin. IL 60120-1694. 

Hear him spea\ at the Messenger Dinner 

July 3, 1997, Long Beach, Calif 

Patricf{ Mellerson 

Pastor of Butler Chapel African Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Orangeburg, S.C. 

"From the Ashes: 
Building Bridges of Hope 

The Church of the Brethren is 
helping rebuild Butler Chapel, 
ivhich tvas bunied by arsofiists 
in March 1996. 

For dinner ticf^ets, call the Annual 
Conference office at (800) 323-8039. 
Tic/(ets also available in Long Beach 
at Annual Conference ticket sales. 

Classified Ads 


Director of Music sought by large, downtown 
church. Responsible for total music program of the 
church. Will work as member of a professional church 
staff Salary negotiable. Send resume to Hagerstown 
Church of the Brethren, 15 S. Mulberry St., Hager- 
stown, MD 21740. Deadline June 30, 1997. 


"Anabaptists in Conversation: Mennonite and 
Brethren Interactions with 20th-century Theologies" 
conference. June 19-21, at The Young Center, Eliz- 
abethtown, Pa. Inquire: Conference, Young Center, 
Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA 17022- 
2298. Tel. (717) 361-1470. Fax (717) 361-1443. E-mail 


Single wide mobile home for sale. Completely 
furnished. 12 ft. x 42 ft., 9 in., with 10 ft. x 20 ft. Florida 
room. In senior citizen mobile home park, Sebring, 
Fla. Near Sebring Church of the Brethren. Tel. (717) 


Seeking tape recording made at church service 
at Ramey Flats Church of the Brethren near Clint- 
wood, Va., in late 1950s. Tape made by someone from 
Church of the Brethren in Tennessee. Mullins Family 
Singers were performing, including my late father, 
Dock Patten Mullins. Hassel Mullins & Rev. Edd Hicks 
were members of church. Send info on person who 
recorded the service to Janice Whittington, 191 Neil 
Ave., Marion, OH 43302-3329. 

June 1997 Messenger 29 

Turiiii Points 

New Members 

Note; Congregations are asked 
to submit only the names of 
actual new members of 
denomination. Do not 
include names of people 
who have merely transferred 
their membership from 
another Church of the 
Brethren congregation. 

Antelope Valley, S. Plains: 
Tim &. Patricia Heinrich, 
Coby & Sherri Snyder 

Antioch, Virlina: Ronnie & 
Matthew Sigmon 

Black Rock, S. Pa.: loel & 
Brenda Beard. Clair & 
Nancy Hewitt, David & 
Karen Thomas, Benjamin 

Cedar Creek, S.E.: Donald 
Givens, Noah Newburn. 
Tabbetha Givens. Allison 

Center Hill, W. Pa.: Timothy 
& Robin Bowser, lames & 
Nancy Sturgeon, Benjamin 
Shumaker. Courtney 
Bowser, B.|. Marshall, 
Michael Dunn, Kenneth 

Charlottesville, Shen.: Marve 
& Donna Gearhart, Bessie 

Coventry, Atl. N.E.: |ared 
Novak, Brandon Keene, 
Corinne Major 

Dixon, Ill./Wis.:Kayln Harms, 
Elizabeth Fordham, Shanis 
Leathers, Shayla Hiatt, 
Crystal & Stephanie 
Horton, Benny & Rebecca 
Her, Loren Munson, George 
Broman. Loretta Samuel, 
Mariam Pasqual, Robin 

Donnels Creek, S. Ohio: Dale 
& Donna Algren 

Dupont, S. Ohio: Tom & Lori 
Hemenway. Holly & Shawn 
Herr, Shellie Moran, Bill 
Murphy, Raymond Mays, 
Ronnie & Dianna Rayle; 
Mike, Leah, Dustin, & 
Amanda Bryan 

Elm Street, N. Ohio: Terry 
Martin. Brandon Martin 

Franklin Grove, 111. /Wis.: 
Mark Christiansen. Eliza- 
beth Finifrock, Robert 
Logan, Emily Tilsy 

Fraternity, Virlina: Beth Hayes 

Green Tree, Atl. N.E.: Justin 
Clark, Tracy Custer, Shawn 
O'Neil, Laurie Pavone, 
Casey Slinkard, lustin 

Greensburg, W. Pa.: Louis 
Schmidt. Thomas Cantola, 
Kristopher Holsopple, Gale 
& Thomas McNamara, 
Christy Pomaibo. David 
Shincovich, Michael Sphon. 
Dale & [essica Struzzi 

Independence, W. Plains: 
Christopher Chapman, 
Linda McCarty, Terry 
McKenzie, Amber Price, 
Angela Jean Price, Angela 
Marlean Price 

fennersville, Atl. N.E.: Ashley 
Campbell. Samatha Price. 

la'Nelle Campbell 

La Place, 111. /Wis.: Garvin & 
lackie West 

Lampeter, Atl. N.E.: Timothy 
Creighton, Nancy Kreider, 
Benjamin Feeney 

Leamersville, Mid. Pa.: Ben- 
jamin Hoenstine, Shane 
Dick, Jennifer Walter, Jes- 
sica Betwiler, Valerie Harris 

Lebanon. Shen.: Jack & Shoh 
Tucker, Ed & Brenda 

Lititz, Atl. N.E.: Cody Brum- 
bach. Ben Hunter. Brett 
Kendig, Nikole Kreiter, Brett 
Martin. Mike Staub, Jeff 
Witmer, Christopher Enck, 
Kathryn Resh, Carol Young 

Lower Claar, Mid. Pa.: Larry 
Arnold, Josh Barnhart. 
Bobby & Brian Mock, 
William & Beth Kuruzovich 

Maple Grove, 111. /Wis.: Darin 

Maple Grove, N. Ohio: Paul & 
Julie Yanchek 

McPherson, W. Plains: Gary 
Dill. Vicky Dill. Rich 

Midland, Mid. Atl.: Katie But- 
terfield, Chris & Sandra 
Myers, Whitney Rankin. 
Ricky Utterback, 

Monican, N. Ohio: Lindsey 
Beegle. Stacey Bodager, 
Scott & Rhonda Bodager, 
Clint Kolp, Steve Martin, 
Brad & Sherri Nelson, Stan 
& Linda Ramsier, Mike & 
Kathryn Wilco.x 

Nappanee, N. Ind.: Tracy 
Miller, Nicole Carpenter, 
Jesse Hufford 

New Carlisle, S. Ohio: Mark 
Benner, Barbara Davey, 
Matthew & Janne Ferguson. 
Kyle & Robbie Shock, Kent 

North Winona, N. Ind.: Jen- 
nifer Coffell, Michelle 
Coffell, Shannon Sucec, Joe 
Dilling. Robert Maxson 

Peace, Ore. /Wash.: Elmer Mil- 
lion. Feuy Lin Saelee 

Plumcreek, W. Pa.: Amber & 
Leanna Blystone, Calah &. 
Luke Dismore, Tara Flem- 
ing, Denise George. Brian 
Kimmel. Bryan & Kayla 
Miller, Nicole Ramer 

Potsdam, S. Ohio: Joe & 
Jenessa Brown. Anthony 
Weikert. Andrew Post. 
Adam Shiverdecker. Scott 
Oswalt, Linda & Tony 
Taylor, Kevin Whitmer, 
Tammy Delk, Hugh Hillis. 
Robert & Judy Honeyman. 
Phill & Alvin Cook 

Prairie City, N. Plains: Tracey 
& Dennis Bown. Jessica 

Rayman, W. Pa.: Steve White, 
Richard Hay 

Rockford First, 111. /Wis.: 
Heidi Grander 

Roaring Spring First, Mid. 
Pa.: Robert & Nicole Beers, 
Andrea Bechel, Elise 
Hogenberger, Jenni & Abby 
Harmon. Mandy Holsinger, 
Kylie Horner, Nathaniel 
Miller. Traci Russell, Greg 

Smith, Beverly & Jeverlie 

Sangerville, Shen.: Doug, 
Sonja, & Alston Horn, 
Dusty Shull, Nathan Sheets 

Skyridge, Mich.: Rhonda 

Springfield. Atl. N.E.: Kim & 
Avanel Kramer, Lynn & 
Phillip Calabrette, Walter & 
Shirley Weaver, Arielle Wal- 
ters. Diane Holschwander 

Trinity, Virlina: Kristen 

Collins. Bret, Jan, & Marie 
Galloway; Mark Ingram, 
Brandon McCampblee, 
Brandon Sells 

Troy, S. Ohio: Connie Schlat- 
ter. Debbie Gallager, Darryl 

York Center, HI. /Wis.: Kim- 
berly Kirkwood, Jesslyn 
Jalayerian, Melyssa Otake. 
Evelyn Leyva, Lin Stefurak, 
Jean Zak 

White Oak, Ad. N.E.: Micah 
Diffenderfer, Jared Groff, 
Kate Hershey, Gary Zim- 
merman, Kimberly Goff 

Woodbury, Mid. Pa.: Kent 
Cooper, Eugene Shannon 

Zion Hill, N. Ohio: Derek & 
Angela Mellott, Christopher 
& Melanie Cresanto, Mary 


Adams, Walter and Leora, 

Hammond, Ind., 50 
Barkey, Lowell and Katherine, 

Leesburg, Ind.. 55 
Bowman, Raymond and 

lewell. Boones Mill, Va., 50 
Brown, Claron and Alvera, 

Decatur, 111., 60 
Coffman, Ray and Helen, 

Huntingdon, Pa.. 50 
Delautcr, Leslie and Gladys. 

Monrovia, Md., 70 
Gartzke, Don and Juanita, 

Roanoke, Va., 50 
Hartman, Dale and Janet. 

Huntingdon, Pa., 50 
Hileman, Lawrence and 

Wilma. Elgin. 111., 60 
Hoffman, Charles and Verna, 

Huntingdon, Pa., 50 
Jarboe, Russell and Eunice, 

Everett, Wash., 50 
lohnson, Elden and Doris. 

Waterloo, Iowa, 55 
Kreider, Benjamin and Evelyn, 

Willow Street. Pa., 50 
Miller, Perry and Dorothy, 

Waterloo, Iowa, 55 
Miller, Rex and Esther, New 

Paris, Ind.. 50 
Snyder, Don and Gladie, 

Waynesboro, Va.. 60 
Sutton, Charlie and Wilma. 

McPherson, Kan.. 50 


Houghton, James E., from 
Moxham, W Pa., interim 
pastor, to Moxham W Pa., 

Stern, Roy L., Markle S/C 
Ind. to Lorida, Atl. S.E. 

Yancheck, Paul, from secular 
to Black River, N. Ohio 


Andrew, Georgia., 75, Port 
Republic, Va., March 1 1, 

Atwater, Beulah, 99, Elkhart, 
Ind., March 2, 1997 

Blocher, Ruth, 92, Greenville, 
Ohio, March 28, 1997 

Bowman, Alma H., 71, Mar- 
tinsville, Va., Feb. 2, 1997 

Brandt, Jacob, 90, Elizabeth- 
town. Pa., Feb. 12, 1997 

Brownsberger, Roland. 88. La 
Verne. Calf.. Feb. 10, 1997 

Burkholder, John, 64. Lan- 
caster, Pa., Jan. 17. 1997 

Click, Freddie A., 44, Bridge- 
water, Va., Feb. 18, 1997 

Compton, Olivia, 88, Bridge- 
water, Va., March 1 1, 1997 

Conner, A'dra, 90, Hunting- 
don, Pa., Dec. 12, 1996 

Cook, Alice, 74, Windber, Pa.. 
Jan. 22. 1997 

Cook, Wayne, 89, New 
Oxford', Pa., April 3, 1997 

Couchenour, Jack, 56, Greens- 
burg, Pa., Jan. 30, 1997 

Ebersole, Dorothy E.. 72, 
York, Pa.. March 22, 1997 

Faught, Jared, 72, Fish- 
ersville, Va., March 1 1 . 

Fonts, S. Russell. 92, Blair. 
Neb., Oct. 19, 1996 

Fryman. Lavonne, 81, Goshen. 
Ind., March 20. 1997 

Fulk, Lena T, 87, Fulks Run, 
Va., Feb. 26, 1997 

Gaag, Blanche, 87, Union- 
town, Pa.. Dec. 23, 1996 

Gainer, Maria, 89, Lancaster. 
Pa., Dec. 27, 1996 

Garns, Helen. 88, Manheim, 
Pa., Jan. 26, 1997 

Gibble, Ella, 84, Manheim, 
Pa., Nov. 11, 1996 

Gibbs, Charles, 65, Custer, 
Mich.. Jan. 10. 1997 

Glick, Frank J., 92, Dayton, 
Va., Dec. 29, 1997 

Glover, Alma M., 87, Har- 
risonburg, Va.. Feb. 2, 1997 

Good, Edward W.. 76. Stanley. 
Va., Feb. 4. 1997 

Gottlieb, Robert. 71, Ephrata, 
Pa.. Dec. 19. 1996 

Grant, Ruth. 83. Bent Moun- 
tain, Va., Ian. 31. 1997 

Green, Alice L.. 91, Kokomo, 
Ind., March 7,1997 

Green, Elsie S., 96, Fairplay, 
Md., Oct. 17, 1996 

Guerin, Gladys. 88. Muncie. 
Ind., Nov. 14, 1996 

Hackman, Mildred, 87, 

Palmyra, Pa., Ian. 21, 1997 

Hager, Neva M., 82, Farming- 
ton, Pa.. Feb. 2. 1997 

Hansen, Gayle. 40, Harrison- 
burg, Va., Ian. 13, 1997 

Harlow, Charles. 71, Indepen- 
dence, Kan., Oct. 15, 1996 

Harriger, lane, 74, Ephrata, 
Pa., Dec. 29, 1996 

Harris, Glenn M., 90, Jen- 
nings, La.. Feb. 26, 1997 

Harshbarger, Charles, 83, 
Peoria, 111., July 12, 1996 

Hartman, Wilmer B., 87. 

York, Pa., March 22. M'-l 
Haugh, Reginald C, 73. \\;i 

nesboro. Pa., Oct. 16. 19' 
Hawbaker, Paul G., 79. 

Decatur, 111., Jan. 30. K^c 
Hearn, Lillian. 75. Huntin^!- 

don. Pa., lune 4, 1996 
Heckman, Delia M., 97. 

Chambersburg, Pa.. No\ . 

10, 1996 
Held, LaVonne, 73. Rocklon 

111.. Feb. 14, 1997 
Heinbaugh, Feme, 97, Rock 

wood, Pa., Jan. 28, 1997 
Heinbuch, Kenneth, 65, 

Hartville, Ohio, Oct. 28, 

Hendrickson, Henry, 80. 

Petersburg, W Va., Feb. 6. 

Henry, Alma, 93, Martinsbun 

Pa.. Oct. 28, 1996 
Herring, Alonzo E., 93, Farm 

ington. Pa., Feb. 10, 1997 
Hertzog, Ira B., 94, Ephrata, 

Pa.. Jan. 14, 1997 
Hertzog, Raymond. 83, 

Denver, Pa., Oct. 30, 1996 
Hess, Sherman, 88. 

Pottstown, Pa., Nov. 1 1 

Hicks, Catherine, 75, Dayton 

Ohio, Dec. 30. 1996 
Higgs, Miller, 91, New 

Market, Va., March 1 1, 

Himelright, William, 55. 

Strasburg, Va., March 8, 

Howdyshell, Margaret, 85, 

Harrisonburg, Va., March 

15. 1997 
Hoffman, Galen, 85, Windbe 

Pa., Jan. 4, 1997 
Hoffman, Robert, Pensacola, 

Fla.. March 3. 1997 
Hoffman, Thomas, 48, Way- 
nesboro, Pa., Dec. 2, 1996 
Holloway, Wilma, 76, Akron, 

Ind.. lune 17, 1996 
Hoover, Annie A., 85, York. 

Pa.. March 17, 1997 
Hoover, Dean, 71, East Free- 
dom. Pa., Oct. 31, 1996 
Hoover, Mildred, 79, New 

Carlisle, Ohio. Oct. 19. 

Hoover, Roger K., 68, Way- 
nesboro. Va.. Dec. 26, 1996 
Hopkins, Edward M.. 76, 

Martinsville, Va.. Jan. 25. 

Hopkins, Louise, 74, 

Nokesville, Va., Jan. 19. 

Horein, Fern, 81, Goshen, 

Ind., Dec. 17, 1996 
Hosaflook, Addie. F, 87, 

Roanoke, Va.. Ian. 17. 1996 
Hotham. Mary. 56. South 

Elgin, 111., Ian. 11. 1997 
Housel, Mona, 79, Martins 

burg. Pa., Nov. 3, 1996 
Howdyshell, Blanche, 94, 

Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 15, 

Howdyshell, Margaret, 85, 

Harrisonburg, Va., March 

15, 1997 
Hudkins, Ellen, 80, Beaver- 
creek, Ohio, April 24, 1996 
Hudson, Mary, 81, Rocky 

Mount, Va., March 13, 199? 

30 Messenger June 1997 

iluff, Russell, 78, Norton, 
Kan., Nov. 3, 1996 

luminel, Norma, 75, Dayton, 
Ohio, Dec. 25, 1996 

lyllon, Amy, 15, Char- 
lottesville. Va., Ian, 17. 

innerst, George. 64. York. Pa.. 
March 27. 1997 

lohnson, Mabelle, 94, Water- 
loo, Iowa. Dec. 15. 1997 

lohnson, Russell T., 85, 
Severn. Md.. Nov. 8, 1996 

'Oseph, lohn. 86, Onekama, 
Mich., Nov. 29, 1996 

ludy, Belinda, 88, Cabins, W. 
Va., Feb. 28, 1997 

ludy, Bernice, 80, North Man- 
chester, Ind., Ian. 17, 1997 

lUnady, Sue, 55, Indepen- 
dence, Kan., Dec. 3, 1996 

Ceener, Lucille. 80. Ashland. 
Ohio. March 28. 1997 

Ceplinger. |ohn. 87. Maysville. 
W.Va., Ian. 10, 1997 

:Cepncr, Edna Mae. 69. 
Spring Grove, Pa., Nov. 
28. 1996 

(immel, Mae, 101, Shelocta, 
Pa., Nov. 13, 1996 

(inkcad, Ellen, 72. Harrison- 
burg. Va., March 4, 1997 

Cinzie, Ethel. 92. Troutville. 
Va.. Dec. 23. 1996 

Cisamore, Annie. 99. Har- 
risonburg, Va., |an. 18, 

vline. Ellen. 90, Hagerstown. 
Md.. Oct. 2. 1996 

{line, Irene B.. 80. Bedford, 
a., March 4. 1997 

inaub, Mary C. 94. Dallas- 
town, Pa.. Dec, 25, 1996 

Cnicely, George. 82. 

Harrisonburg, Va.. Dec. 27. 

,Colp, Leola. 98. West Salem. 
Ohio, March 25. 1997 

.Conkey, Robert. 73. Michigan 
City, Ind.. Ian. 22. 1997 

<uhar, lennie. 77. Virden, III.. 
Aug. 13. 1996 

<urtz. Paul M., 91, Ephrata. 
Pa.. Nov. 4, 1996 

i^ambert, Betty I.. 69. Har- 
risonburg. Va.. Ian. 4, 1997 

uane, Galen. 83, New Carlisle. 
Ohio. March 22,1997 

^.apham, H. Eugene, 95, York, 
a., Ian. 13. 1997 

Langham, Edna, 97, Martins- 
burg, Pa.. Ian. 5. 1997 

iantz. Romaine. 88. Syracuse. 
Ind., Dec. 17, 1996 

Large, Alonzo. 76, Danville, 
Va., Nov. 27, 1996 

Lauver, Dorothy, 92. Cross 
Keys, Va., Feb. 26, 1997 

Leckrone, |oe K.. 86, Silver 
Lake, Ind., March 29, 1997 

Leffel, Edith. 91. Springfield. 
Ohio. March 16. 1997 

Lehman, Kim, 44, New York. 
N.Y.. Nov. 21. 1996 

Lehman, Margaret M.. 84. 
York, Pa.. |an. 25. 1997 

Lehman, Mary lane, 75, Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa., Dec. 5, 1996 

Lehman, Ralph, 102, Wind- 
ber. Pa., |an. 1, 1997 

Lentz, Margaret, 92, Green- 
ville, Ohio, Feb. 5, 1997 

iLewis, Donald, 75, Polk, 
Ohio, Oct. 15, 1996 

Lewis, Virginia, 86, Hager- 
stown, Md., Oct. 6, 1996 

Lewrew, Alverta, 77, New 
Oxford. Pa., Feb. 26. 1997 

Livingston, Virginia. |ohn- 
stown. Pa.. March 30.1 997 

Lobb, Richard. 79. lohnstown. 
Pa., Dec. 17, 1996 

Lohr, Milton, 105, Hoovers- 
ville. Pa., March 24, 1997 

Long, Helen E,, 87, Bealeton. 
Va., Dec. 26, 1996 

Long, Rodney, 76. Roanoke. 
Va.. Sept. 21. 1996 

Long, Stella R, 90. Ephrata. 
Pa., Sept. 28, 1996 

Lusk, Mary lane, 71, Elida, 
Ohio, iune8, 1996 

Lutz, lohn, 88, Lititz, Pa., Feb. 
8, 1997 

Lasterson, Esther, 93, Mount 
Morris, 111.. Feb. 4, 1997 

MacLeod, Robert, 65, Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa., Feb. 14.1997 

Martin, Ophia, 83, Rice Lake, 
Wis., Aug. 9, 1996 

Martzall, Warren E., 66, 
Denver, Pa., lune 12, 1996 

Mathews, Walter E., 77, lones 
Mills, Pa., Nov. 21, 1996 

Maxwell, Clarence, 72, 

Rheems, Pa., Sept. 27, 1996 

McClanahan, George, 86, 
Winchester, Va., Ian. 4, 

McDaniel, Annie, 81, Los 
Angeles, Cahf.. March 14. 

McDonald, Lillian. 90, Way- 
nesboro. Pa., Ian. 1. 1997 

McGraw, Clara, 95, Martins- 
burg, Pa.. Nov. 28. 1996 

McMullen, Martha, 84, 
Uniontown, Pa., Feb. 25, 

McQuin, Allison, 76, Silver 
Spring. Md.. Feb. 15, 1997 

Mentzer, Melvin. 88, Sebring. 
Ohio. May 30, 1996 

Method, Kathryn, 91, Goshen. 
Ind.. Dec. 18. 1996 

Miles, Lillian. 84. Tipton. 
Iowa, Feb. 5. 1997 

Miller, Frank, 90, Sangerville, 
Va., Feb. 3, 1997 

Miller, Galen R.. 60. Bridge- 
water. Va.. Feb. 7, 1997 

Miller, Harry C, 72, East 
Berlin, Pa„ Oct. 10, 1996 

Miller, |anet L., 53, Spring 
Grove, Pa., Oct. 22, 1996 

Miller, I. Mark, 52, Bridgewa- 
ter, Va., Feb. 15. 1997 

Miller, Versal, 73, Centerville, 
Iowa, Oct, 25, 1996 

Minnick, Leona M., Bridge- 
water, Va., Ian. 30, 1997 

Montel, Ruble, 83, Claypool, 
Ind.. Dec. 29. 1996 

Moore, Harold. 84. lohns- 
town. Pa., luly 18, 1996 

Moyers, Boyd, 73. Bergton, 
Va., Ian. 8, 1997 

Moyers, Grayson L., 73, Har- 
risonburg, Va., Jan. 7. 1997 

Myer, Clara B., 87, Lancaster, 
Pa., Dec. 16, 1996 

Myers, lames W., 77, Gettys- 
burg, Pa., Oct. 26, 1996 

Myers, Letha A.. 74. Fairfield, 
Pa., Dec. 28. 1996 

Neff, William. 86, Mount 
Crawford. Va.. Sept. 26. 

Novenly. Helen. 96. Wheaton. 
111.. Dec, 27, 1996 

Nugent, Herman F., 77. 
lohnstown, Pa., Dec. 25, 

Nutter, Barnee, 75, Rice Lake. 
Wis., Oct. 28. 1996 

Ober, D. Kenneth, 63, Eliza- 
bethtown. Pa., Nov. 7. 1996 

Oberdick, lames E.. 88. York. 
Pa.. Sept. 3. 1996 

Odem, lames, 77. La Verne. 
Calif,, Sept. 14, 1996 

Old. Maxwell. 75. San Diego. 
Calif,, Nov. 15, 1996 

Orendorf, Beatrice. 82. Salis- 
bury. Md., Ian. 21. 1997 

Orwig, lohn E.. 83. New 
Oxford, Pa., Dec. 22. 1996 

Ours, George O., 68, Peters- 
burg, W.Va.. Ian. 29, 1997 

Overdorff, Harry, 68. Bovard. 
Pa,. Ian. 25, 1997 

Painter, Rosa. 67, Peoria 
Heights. III., luly 7, 1996 

Parker, Martha, 90, 

Greenville, Ohio, Feb. 25. 

Pennington, Asa, 84, Dry 
Fork, W.Va., Dec. 25, IC'.e 

Pennington, William, 95, 

Eglon, W. Va., Ian. 22, 1'.97 

Pepple, Sarah A., 84, Fori 
Wayne. Ind., Dec. 4, ' 96 

Phillips, Robert, 50, New 
Carlisle, Ohio, March 27, 

Phillips, Georgiana., 61, Fulks 
Run, Va., Ian. 12, 1997 

Phillips, William, 78, Lan- 
caster, Pa., Dec. 7, 1996 

Plummet, Ethel, 93, Bowie, 
Md., Dec. 10, 1996 

Popp, Louis. 82. Windber. Pa., 
lune 22, 1996 

Poter, |eff. 23. Hagerstown. 
Md.. Sept. 20. 1996 

Procter, Ruth E., 96. Bridge- 
water. Va., Feb. 8, 1997 

Putney, Beth, 88, Waterloo, 
Iowa. Feb, 15, 1997 

Reed, Martha, 91. Fallston. 
Md.. Feb 2. 1997 

Resser, Lynda M.. 82. New 
Oxford. Pa., Feb. 13, 1997 

Ressier, Rhoda, 79, Brown- 
stown. Pa.. luly 25. 1996 

Rimel, Dorothy V. 82. New 
Market, Va., Feb. 9, 1997 

Rinehart, Mary, 95, North 
Manchester, Ind,, Oct. 26, 

Riner, Glendon, 80, Harrison- 
burg, Va., Feb. 2, 1997 

Ritchie, Virgil, 84, Harrison- 
burg, Va,, March 9, 1997 

Ritchey, Ethel M., 79, Cur- 
ryville. Pa,, Nov. 23. 1996 

Roberts, George, |r., 71. lohn- 
stown. Pa.. Ian 16, 1997 

Robison, Haniill, 79, South 
English, Iowa. Feb, 6, 1997 

Roddy, Caitlyn, 3, Seward, Pa., 
Dec. 27. 1996 

Rolston. Megrum, 85, Shel- 
don, Iowa. May 5, 1996 

Roudybush, Howard, 87, Kit- 
tanning, Pa., Ian. 30, 1997 

Rudy, Ada, 91, Wooster, Ohio, 
Dec. 30. 1996 

Rudy, Monroe. 92. Lima, 
Ohio, Dec. 8, 1996 

Rudy, Ray H., Huntingdon, 
Pa., Sept. 1, 1996 

Rupcl, Lucy W., 9 1 , La Verne, 
Calif,, Ian. 13, 1997 

Sanger, Lillian, 95, Bridgewa- 
ter, Va.. Nov, 30, 1996 

Saul, Bobby Lee, 65, Roanoke. 
Va., lune 7, 1996 

Seilhamer, loann, 62, Waynes- 
boro. Pa., |an. 4, 1997 

Sell, Emma E., 65, Martins- 
burg, Pa„Oct. 19. 1996 

Sellers, Lydia C, 91 , Shrews- 
bury, Pa., Dec. 29, 1996 

Sencindiver, Ruth, 96, Har- 
risonburg. Va.. March 25. 

Shafer, Oren, 90. Continental, 
Ohio, Oct. 31. 1996 

Shaffer, Steven L,, 47. Spring 
Grove. Pa„ Sept. 9, 1996 

Shanaman, Fredrick L., |r., 
63, York, Pa., Feb, 22, 1997 

Sharon, Amanda, 93, Edgewa- 
ter, Md., Nov. 29, 1996 

Sherman, Lester, 77. Goshen. 
Ind,, March 13. 1997 

Sherman, Wade, 83, Mathias, 
W.Va., Feb. 9. 1997 

Shelter, Huber D., 67, Cham- 
bersburg. Pa., Feb, 16, 1996 

Shmid, Matilda, 81, Lan- 
caster, Pa., Oct. 15. 1996 

Shoemaker, Barry, 50, Col- 
legeville. Pa., Ian. 24. 1997 

Shoemaker, Earl, 87, Eliza- 
bethtown. Pa., Feb, 20, 

Showaller, Walter, 94, Har- 
risonburg, Va., Ian. 24. 

Shull, M, Gladys, 89. Bridge- 
water. Va.. Ian. 22, 1997 

Simpson, Lee G., 90, Harring- 
ton, Del,, Dec, 14, 1996 

Smith, Beverly, 85, Roanoke. 
Va.. Nov. 12. 1996 

Smith, Elmer S., 82, Waynes- 
boro, Pa., Feb. 13, 1997 

Snavel, Martha, 81, Annville, 
Pa., Dec, 24, 1996 

Snyder, Emerson, 86, Colum- 
bia, Ohio, Sept. 1, 1996 

Snyder, Reed, 80, Thomas- 
ville. Pa., Oct. 18, 1996 

Spencer, Marri, 23, Char- 
lottesville, Va., March 12. 

Spitler, Clark W., 92, Waynes- 
boro, Va., Feb. 21, 1997 

Stanton, lohn, 64, Clearville, 
Pa., May 25. 1996 

Statler, Irene, 76, Sebring, 
Fla., Ian. 2, 1997 

Steiner, |ohn C, 95, Muncie. 
Ind., Dec. 2, 1996 

Sterner, Noah, 74, New 
Oxford, Pa„ March 13, 

Stoersand, Ervin, 91, Luding- 
ton, Mich., Ian. 17, 1997 

Stombaugh, Lester, 89, Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa., Nov. 3. 1996 

Stotlemyer, Frances, 89. 

Hagerstown, Md,, April 28, 

Stover, Evelyn M.. 65. York, 
Pa.. Feb. 23. 1997 

Sirickler, Thelma M.. 81. New 
Oxford. Pa.. April 1, 1997 

Stull, E. Lorain, 80. Howard. 
Ohio. March 2. 1997 

Stump, Harley. 81. McPher- 
son. Kan.. Dec. 2. 1996 

Stumpf, I. Adam, 81, Rheems, 
Pa.. Nov. 21. 1996 

Slutzman, Ruth. 61, Martins- 
burg, Pa., Oct, 17. 1996 

Sumey. Lewis. 86. Uniontown. 
Pa.. Ian. 16. 1997 

Sullon, Edward, 62, Logans- 
port, Ind., Ian. 25, 1997 

Swisher, Mantle, 92, Akron, 
Ohio, Dec. 28, 1996 

Sypherd, Lena, 90, Potlstown, 
Pa,, Nov. 15. 1996 

Tawney, Lewis. 76. Glen 

Burnie, Md,, Dec. 13, 1996 

Taylor, Lucille I., 91, Virden, 
111., Sept. 6, 1996 

Thomas, David Sr,, 59, Rose- 
ville. Mich., Dec. 15, 1996 

Thompson, Grace, 99, 

Roanoke, Va., Dec. 8, 1996 

Troup, Dessie, 90, Milford, 
Ind., Oct. 4, 1996 

Upham, lack, 88, Bridgewa- 
ter, Va., Ian. 2, 1997 

Vaniman, Glenn, 89, La 

Verne, Calif.. Dec. 23. 1996 

Von Dyke, Ruth, 95, Beaver- 
ton, Mich., Ian. 14, 1997 

Vore, Roger, 90, Elida, Ohio, 
lune 24, 1996 

Wade, Helen, 77, Salem, Va., 
Aug. 8, 1996 

Walker, Mary, 90. Ephrata, 
Pa., Dec. 16. 1996 

Watkins, Wilma. 90. Indepen- 
dence. Kan., March 8, 1997 

Watts, Doris, 75, Lima, Ohio, 
Sept. 2, 1996 

Weaver, Linda, 55. Ephrata, 
Pa., Dec. 4, 1996 

Wertenberger, Dale, 65, 
Topeka, Kan,, Nov. 14, 

Wesner, Donald R., 83. 
Ashland, Ohio. Jan. 28. 

Westfall, Bill. 79. Laura, Ohio, 
luly 7. 1996 

Whetzel, Ronald, 53, Moore- 
field, W. Va., Feb. 1, 1997 

Wilkins, Harvey F, 63, Baker, 
W.Va., Ian. 18, 1997 

Willey, Irene. 89. Linthicum. 
Md.. Dec. 8. 1996 

Wilson, Charles. 96. Moore- 
field, W. Va.. March 9. 1997 

Winland, Viola. 92. Akron, 
Ohio. Dec. 15. 1996 

Wineland. Zola. 71. Martins- 
burg. Pa., |an. I, 1997 

Winter, Mary E., 89. Cross 
Keys, Va.. Dec. 28, 1996 

Wise, lesse, 86, Mulliken, 
Mich., Aug. 7, 1996 

Witmore, Nora, 97. Windsor. 
Conn.. Nov. 17. 1996 

Wolf, Irene R.. 91. East Berlin. 
Pa.. Nov. 5. 1996 

Wolfe, Galen, 74, South Whit- 
ley, Ind., Ian. 11. 1997 

Worthinglon, Mary. 91. 
Modesto, Calif.. Feb. 12. 

Wright, Hester, 82, Williams- 
port, Md., Oct. 12. 1996 

Voder, Erma, 86, Clarksville. 
Mich.. Ian. 19. 1997 

Voder, Eugene, 90, Hunting- 
don. Pa., luly 18, 1996 

Voder, Russell, 81, McPher- 
son, Kan., Dec. 9, 1996 

Yohn, C. Samuel, 80, Coop- 
ersburg. Pa., Dec. 14, 1997 

Zimmerman, lean, 55, North 
Manchester, Ind., Oct, 25. 

June 1997 Messenger 31 


Misgivings about the millennium 


Increasingly I am of the mind that we are fortunate 
that a millennium doesn't come around but once in a 
thousand years. Millennia are proving to be more 
trouble than they are worth. 

The next one is due in three or four years (more later 
on the uncertain ETA), and already we are discovering 
vexing problems attending its coming. For example, there 
is a technological problem of horrific dimensions. Com- 
puters everywhere are geared up to refer to the years as 
'97, '98, and "99, but are unprepared for dealing with '00, 
which will make computerized bookkeeping go haywire. 
Scientists and engineers who can send space 
probes to the outer reaches of the solar 
system and create computers that can check- 
mate the brainiest chess whiz are at wit's 
end over this problem. 

Then there is the problem of where the 
millennium will arrive. Who gets to say "I 
saw it first"? It would be such a comfort 
if only we knew where the//rs/ millennium 
burst into view. Folks at Greenwich (in 
London) claim this second millennium will 
show up there first, because the zero degree 
of longitude runs through it. Britain, I read, is building a 
huge tourist complex based on its Greenwich claim. But 
there are islands in the remote expanses of the Pacific, along 
the International Date Line, that claim they are the spot 
from which to first spy the millennium. Some of these, I 
hear, are even shifting the Date Line itself, to assure them- 
selves of drawing the most tourists. With so many people in 
so many different places scanning the horizon, confident of 
being the first witnesses of the dawn of a new age, the mil- 
lennium has little chance of sneaking up on us earthlings. 

But yet it may do just that, because there is another, 
overarching problem: We are not sure what year it will 
appear! Or, at least, we don't agree on it. Ask the average 
joe, and he'll tell you the millennium will show up fan. 1 , 
2000. It seems plain as day. After all, won't a person 
born in 1980 turn 20 in 2000? So won't 2,000 years 
since Christ round out with the arrival of the year 2000? 

But savants in the field of time calculation tell us that 
the millennium actually will arrive Jan. 1, 2001. How's 
that? It defies reason, to say nothing of what we all learn 
in arithmetic class. What would make it a year late? How 
can it take 2,001 years to reach 2,000? I pointed out 
(hotly) to one learned person that if two millennia add up 
to 2,001 years, then, ipso facto (it doesn't hurt to drop in 
a little Latin when you're arguing with a savant), the first 
10 years after Christ rounded out on Jan. 1 of the year 
1 1, creating the phenomenon of a decade with 1 1 years 
in it. His face took on a pained expression. He seemed 
sorry about something. 

More bothersome to me than these problems is the 
mythologizing of the millennium event. All around, reli- 
gious cranks are building up expectations among the 
gullible of the millennium date coinciding with Christ's 
second "coming and of the end of the age" (Matt. 24:3). 
As certain signals of the big day's approach, they cite 
instances of wars and rumors of wars; nation rising 
against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; famines; 
and earthquakes in various places. 

But the Son of God, himself, pooh-poohed such 
dependence on signs. If there is any fulfillment of the 
^ Scriptures going on, it's of Jesus' words 

Li€t S u€ CiCUV. "Many false prophets will arise and lead 

We can 't depend on ""^"^ ''I'f (^att. 24: 1 1 ) . ■ 

X But takmg |esus too literally can be dan 

Signs and wonders gerous. There was my Great-uncle George: 

As a teenager, he got religion and became 
hung up on scriptures that he took at their 
word. As a farm boy, he spent time plowing 
and he couldn't figure out how he could 
keep from looking back at those furrows 
behind him. The poor kid lost his mind 
struggling with Luke 9:62 — "No one who 
puts a hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the king- 
dom of God." Uncle George died at 1 7, a hopeless lunatic. 

Let's be clear. We can't depend on signs and won- 
ders to warn us of the second coming and give us a 
running start. And our counting of centuries and millen- 
nia is nothing but a man-made, secular way of reckoning 
time; it's not a mythical symbol. 

to warn us of 

the second coming 

and give us 

a running start. 

/ \ n 

s the writer Helmut Koester states, "Demythologiz- 
ing the Second Coming and the last judgment allows 
us to realize that the good news of (esus' message 
will have run its course and accomplished its purpose when 
all people in the nations — regardless of their religious per- 
suasion — feed the hungry, give a drink to those who are 
thirsty, welcome the stranger, and visit those who are sick 
or in prison, even if they do not know that they are doing 
this for lesus, whose Second Coming has already happened 
in our midst, among all his poor and hungry and impris- 
oned brothers and sisters throughout the world." 

Jesus sounded clear enough when he said, "The good 
news of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the 
world, as a testimony to all the nations; and then the end 
will come" (Matt. 24:14). 

That's reason enough for Brethren to cancel any 
planned trips to England for late December 1999 (or 
2000) and to tune out anyone connecting the millennium 
arrival with skewed biblical prophecy. And good reason, 
too, for our proclaiming the gospel of Jesus. Devotedly. 
Unabashedly. Vigorously. — K.T. 

32 Messenger June 1997 


Portrait of an enemy 

Her nation is squarely on the ropes, reeling from 
years of economic problems compounded by two 
summers of catastrophic floods. Food rations 
have plummeted to 400 calories per day, sending , 
Jji people scurrying for anything remotely edible — 
" including roots, bark, and leaves. The world has 

offered assistance, but only a fraction of what is 
required to feed her country's 23 million people. 

And so she waits. Wondering who these strangers 
are and why they have come. Wondering whether 
she will eat tomorrow. Wondering what a child won- 
ders . . . why her parents are so anxious, why her 
friend is so sick. 
* Like so many others in North Korea, she does 

not Jcnow what to make of those who come to 
help. We, likewise, wonder what to make of her 
and her people. Separated so many years, why 
should we reach out now? 

Responding in the name of Christ, our church 
has given her an answer in language a child can 
understand — rice, canned beef, barley seed, seed 
corn. We want her to live to wonder another day. 

Pray for tffose who suffer in Nortf^ Korea. Encourage recon- 
ciliation between our two countries. Give to the Global Vood 
Crisis Fund in support of the North Korea Seed Project. 

Global Food Crisis Fund 

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July 1997 

Editor: Kermon Thomasson 
Managing Editor: Nevin Dulabaum 
Editorial Assistant: Paula Wilding 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche, Martha Cupp 
Promotion: Linda Myers Swanson 
Study Guide Writer: Willard Dulabaum 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 

On the cover: 
With the help 
of Brethren 
volunteers, an arson- 
burned church is being 
rebuilt. This sooty mini- 
poster is a survivor of 
the 1 996 fire at Butler 
Chapel. For the 
members, it carried a 
poignant message. 


10 Receiving a priceless legacy: Snow Hill 
artifacts come to Juniata College 

Donald F. Durnbaugh reports on the 
preservation of a priceless piece of history. 
Sidebar: "The Saga of Snow Hill," by Kermoii 

14 The Brethren and Butler Chapel agree 
Love must prevail 

The Brethren and some new friends are of onn 
accord as a new church building rises near 
Orangeburg, S.C. Story and photos by 
Kermon Thomasson. 

19 In the Dominican Republic: Education) 
as empowerment 

Miguelina Arias Mateo says "Thank you" to 
the stateside church for its help in empowering 
church leaders. 

20 A most unusual Sunday school class 

Patricia Kennedy Helman chronicles the 50- 
year history of a group of altruistic Brethren iii 
Fort Wayne, Ind. 

22 Pacifist patriotism 

Writes Mark Thiessen Nation, being a pacifist 
between wars is sort of like being a vegetarian 
between meals. 

24 Climb the ladder of the Beatitudes 

Rung by rung, Jim Forest takes the reader on ; 
soaring trip through some key verses of 
Matthew's Gospel. 



From the Editor 


In Touch 


Close to Home 




In Brief 


Stepping Stones 




Pontius' Puddle 


Turning Points 




How to reach us 


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Coming next month 

Text and photo coverage 
of Annual Conference in 
Long Beach. 

District Messenger representatives: Ad- N.E., Ron 
Lut2; All. S.E., Ruby Rajiner; lll.AVis., Kreston Lipscomb; 
S/C Ind., Marjorie Miller; Mich., Ken Good; Mid-AtL. 
Ann Fouts; Mo. /Ark., Luci Landes; N. Plains, Faith 
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Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter Aug, 
20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct. 17, 1917, 
Filing date, Nov 1, 1984, Member of the Associated 
Church Press. Subscriber to Religion News Service 
& Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical quotations, 
unless odierwise indicated, are from the New Re\ised 
Standard Version. Messenger is owned and published 
1 1 times a year by the General Services Commission, 
Church of the Brethren General Board. Second-class 
postage paid at Elgin, III,, and at additional mailing 
office, July 1997, Copyright 1997, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
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July is a time of transition at the General Offices. July 18 is 
the effective date of termination for most of the employees who 
have lost their jobs in the downsizing of Genera! Board program. 
Three people who will be sorely missed on the Messenger staff are 
Paula Wilding, Linda Myers Swanson, and Martha Cupp. 

Paula Wilding, a native Elginite, came to us right from college 
in 1993, to serve as editorial assistant in News Services. She, like 
everyone else on a small staff, 
has done a multitude of tasks. 
She has chiefly worked with 
news reporting and with 
Newsline. In both these respon- 
sibilities she has worked with 
Nevin Dulabaum, director of 
News Services and managing 
editor of the magazine. Paula 
has also written special reports 
and In Touch and Close to 
Home articles. 

Linda Myers Swanson 
began working for Messenger 
in 1994, after having worked 
for Brethren Press from 1977 

to 1992. Linda's work has been Messenger promotion, 
work in which she has been successful, as evidenced by 
growth in subscriptions for more than a year now. She 
keeps in touch with our congregational and district rep- 
resentatives, counseling them in their paperwork and 
encouraging them in their own promotion work. She 
also has worked at attracting more advertising, which has increased 
Messenger income. 

Martha Cupp had a career in Elgin as an elementary school 
teacher before her retirement. After retiring, Martha came to Mes- 
senger on a part-time basis, serving in the subscriptions department, 
1989-1993. Two years later, she agreed to come back and help again, 
and has been with us since. Aside from helping keep the subscrip- 
tion system updated and functioning, Martha has supplied a calm, 
soothing voice on the phone, helping Messenger representatives 
work through problems at their own end of the system. 

Aside from the good work of these three, we shall miss their pres- 
ence and contribution that were part of the camaraderie of the 
Communication Team. 

Paula Wilding, Linda Myers 
Swanson, and Martha Cupp 

are three Messenger workers 
whose names will be gone 
from our staff box after July. 

Printed on recycled paper 

July 1997 Messenger 1 



'Cracked Glass Gals' 

Sunlight shining through eight stained- 
glass windows highHghts the sanctuary 
of Community Church of the Brethren in 
Hutchinson, Kan. Each window required 
more than 100 hours of work by the artists, 
all members of the congregation. 
Anita Cochran (now Cooney) launched 

Opal Frye, Betty Sampson, 

and Betty Robinson carry on 

the work begun by their 

teacher, Anita Cooney. in 

creating stained-glass 

windows for their church 

and other Brethren 

institutions in Kansas. 



the volunteer project after attending a 
stained-glass workshop in the 1970s. In 
1978, she created a lotus flower window in 
honor of her late husband, Virgil. Then she 
offered to teach others. 

Opal Frye, Betty Robinson, and Betty 
Sampson joined Anita to become the 

"Cracked Glass Gals." They met twice a ; 
week in a church basement room. "Anita 
taught us all we know," says Betty Sampson 
"We practiced for two years before we cut 
our first glass or soldered our first joint on 
the sanctuary windows." 

Betty Robinson thought of using a rainbow 
effect on opposing front windows. She and 
Betty Sampson measured off the rays, using 
inner colors of lighter shades and outer colors 
brighter and darker. The effect, with sunlight 
coming through, is that of an inside rainbow. 

After the death of Anita's daughter, Anna Jo, 
a monarch butterfly was added to the "Cross 
and Aura" window, the first one that the four- 
some created. A butterfly hovering outside 
Anna |o's window had been a symbol of hope 
and eternal life for the Cochrans. 

Fine-tuning was a part the creation and in- 
stallation of all the windows. When "The Good 
Shepherd" window was installed near the 
front, a distracting strong blue light streamed 
in. The window was moved to the back. 

The most time-consuming window con- 
tains eight symbols including a peace dove, 
towel and basin, bread and cup, and the 
Alexander Mack seal. It took over 200 hours 
to complete. But, one by one, eight full- 
length windows joined the round stained- 
glass one installed above the altar when the 
church was built in 1959. 

Next, the stained glass team designed and 
created windows for the church chapel. In 
1995, two windows, "Jesus Feeding the Five 
Thousand" (which honors Anita, now in a 
nursing home) and "Noah's Ark," for the 
children's enjoyment, were done profession- 
ally for the Easter timetable, which the 
church women could not meet. 

Although the church is now out of window 
space, the stained-glass workroom is still in 
use. The "Cracked Glass Gals" have done two 
windows for the Cedars Health Care Center 
in McPherson, Kan. And as a gift from West- 
ern Plains District to McPherson College's 
retiring president Paul Hoffman, the artists 
did replicas in stained glass of the Church of 
the Brethren and McPherson College logos. 

Farther afield, shoppers at Annual Confer- 
ence in Long Beach could find "sun catchers" 
made by the "Gals," on sale in the Art for 
Hunger exhibit area. — Irene S. Reynolds 

Irene S. Reynolds is a freelance writer from 
Lawrence. Kan. 

2 Messenger July 1997 

iilames in the news 

»1anchester College, at its 
lilay 25 commencement, 
onferred honorary degrees 

Paul Hoffman 

on Patricia Kennedy 
HIelman and Paul 
Hoffman. Helman was the 

;ollege's first lady for 30 
/ears, 1956-1986. She 
served as an ambassador, 
lostess, and patron of the 
arts. She is the lyricist of 
he college anthem, "Man- 
bhester Fair." Hoffman, a 
1954 Manchester graduate, 
and later a faculty member 
and dean, served 
1976-1996 as president of 
McPherson College. 

• Judy Mills Reimer, 
1995 Annual Conference 
.noderator and now pastor of 
Smith Mountain Lake Church 
of the Brethren, Moneta, Va., 
and director of the General 
Board's Ministry Summer 

Service pro- 
gram, was 
honored by 
her alma 
mater, Emory 
and Henry 
Emory, Va., 
at its recent 
ment with the 
William and Martha DeFriece 
Award. The award, which 
includes a medal, is given for 

an outstanding, worthwhile 
contribution to civilization 
or humanity. 

• Raymond N. Andes, of 
Bridgewater, Va., professor 
emeritus of Foreign Lan- 
guages at Bridgewater Col- 
lege, has received the Rip- 
ples Award from Bridgewa- 
ter's Ripples Society, citing 
his 35 years of teaching and 
serving as chair of the De- 
partment of Foreign Lan- 

• Suzanne Lind, a member 
of Florence Church of the 
Brethren, Con- 
stantine, Mich., 
is beginning a 
five-year as- 
signment with 
Central Com- 
mittee in Dur •^ 
ban. South I 
Africa. Suzanne Lind 


DeWltt L. Miller, 88, died 
May 21, in Hagerstown, 
Md. Pastor of several con- 
gregations, he was noted 

DeWin L Miller 

for his promotion of ecu- 
menicity. He was modera- 
tor of Annual Conference 
in 1964. 

J.- I 

David Fruth helped reopen a aporls museum in Abilene. 

Retired to a museum 

As assistant director of the Kansas Sports Hall of Fame, 
-David Fruth worked to prepare for its opening this sum- 
mer in downtown Abilene, Kan. This is a new job for David. 
He is retired from a 29-year career as a school counselor. His 
congregation is Buckeye Church of the Brethren, near Abilene. 

A three-story building had been donated for the sports 
museum after a bank buyout. "The committee followed two 
rules," says David. "What we do, we will do well, and we 
will not do any deficit spending." 

Shiny brass letters on the tawny brick exterior and new 
light oak panels and stair rails on the interior contrast with 
the fresh gray carpeting and dark glass partitions. 

In the Great Moments Theater, viewers push a button to 
watch a video highlighting Kansas athletes. An inspirational 
spot shows Glenn Cunningham's fight to run again after 
tragically being burned. 

Another exhibit displays etched portraits and short biogra- 
phies of the 69 sports players who have been elected to the 
hall. A computer selects information on any inductee, such 
as Dutch Lonborg, who coached at McPherson College 
before going to Kansas University. 

Spectators in the four exhibit halls are surrounded by 
sounds of football, basketball, and Olympic activity. In 
another booth, visitors push a button to view feats of individ- 
ual athletes, such as Jim Ryun running the four-minute mile. 

A third computer station gives the school colors for any of 
the 330 present Kansas high schools, tells about individual 
athletes, what championships the school has won since 
1911, and lists records that that school still holds. 

David is responsible for all artifacts, photos, and memora- 
bilia. He unpacked stored memorabilia and wrote letters to 
all the hall's inductees asking for additional items. Then he 
described, numbered, and preserved each article. 

He researched for hours, gathering information on all the 
Kansas schools, their athletes, scores, and championships. 
Then he computerized the data and now maintains Kansas' 
collection of sports records. 

In addition to getting the computers operating, David 
coordinated the organization's bimonthly magazine while 
moving his office about to avoid the remodeling turmoil. 

After several postponements, the relocated Kansas Sports 
Hall of Fame is now a reality, not only for David, but for the 
tourist-conscious town of Abilene. — Irene S. Reynolds 

Irene S. Reynolds is a freelance writer from Lawrence. Kan. 

July 1997 Messenger 3 

Screen door' visitors 

Figuring that few people can 

resist the aroma of bread 

fresh from the oven. Pleasant 

Valley members carry along 

gift loaves when calling on 

first-time attendees. 

You can't go wrong with bread. Everybody eats it. 
And few people can resist an aromatic loaf fresh 
from the oven. 

Reliance on that human frailty works for a evangelism 
program at Pleasant Valley Church of the Brethren at Wey- 
ers Cave, Va. Officially, the program is called "Breadwinners 
for Christ," but, says partici- 
pant Virginia Shreckhise, 
"We call ourselves 'screen 
door' visitors." 

That name comes from the 
practice of members show- 
ing up at the "screen door" 
of anyone who is a first-time 
visitor on Sunday morning 
at Pleasant Valley. Within a 
day or so, someone knocks 
on the door and offers a 
fresh loaf of homemade 
bread. "We just give them 
the bread and tell them 
we're happy they came to 
church," says Virginia. 
"Most of the time, people 
invite us in." 
Does this ploy of casting 
one's bread through the screen door work? A year after the 
program began on Palm Sunday 1995, it was figured out that 
42 percent of those receiving bread and visits had returned to 
worship. Of that number, four had become members, 14 were 
attending regularly, and 12 were attending occasionally. 

Pastor Galen Brumbaugh got the idea from a magazine ar- 
ticle. A spin-off of the bread program is "Bring a Friend 
Sunday," held quarterly. On those Sundays, visitors are rec- 
ognized and a meal follows the church service. 

lesus made points several times using bread. Nothing like 
continuing the work of Jesus, Pleasant Valley figures. 

Let's celebrate 

Altoona (Pa.) |uniata 
Church of the Brethren is 
celebrating its 90th anniver- 
sary, with "Shine the Light 
till lesus Comes" as the 
theme for its year-long 
event. An anniversary book- 
let is being published. 

• On lune 29, North- 
haven Retirement Apart- 
ments in Seattle, Wash., cel- 

ebrated 25 years as a 
provider of affordable hous- 
ing in the Northgate commu- 
nity. Northhaven was built in 
1972 under the sponsorship 
of Olympic View Commu- 
nity Church of the Brethren. 

• Beacon Heights 
Church of the Brethren in 
Fort Wayne, Ind., celebrated 
its 45th anniversary April 20. 

• Constance Church of 
the Brethren in Hebron, Ky., 

celebrated its centennial 
May 18. Former pastor 
Lawrence Rodamer was 
guest speaker. Former mem 
bers provided music. Old- 
fashioned food was featured 
in the carry-in meal. 

• Scalp Level Church of 
the Brethren in Windber, 
Pa., marked its 40th an- 
niversary May 17-18, with 
an ice cream social Saturda; 
evening, and Rick Gardner, 
Bethany Seminary dean, 
speaking Sunday morning. 

• The Phalger congrega- 
tion of the Church of Northf 
India, in Maharastra, dedi- 
cated its new building Marcl 
9. Phalger, which has about 

India's Phalger congregation { 

traces its history to the work 
of Brethren missionaries. 

290 members, had previ- 
ously been meeting in an old 
mission bungalow. Many 
Church of the Brethren mis- 
sionaries had worked in the 
area in earlier years. 

4 Messenger July 1997 

IWhen the rickety old Egyptian freighter ZamZam sailed for 
Africa in Marcli 1941 . it fortuitously had among its 
passengers a photographer to record its tragic sinking. 

The one who shot the ZamZam 

When David Scherman died May 5, large city newspa- 
pers carried obituaries for tiie former Life magazine 
editor and photographer. But the name likely caught the at- 
tention of few Brethren readers. 

Yet Scherman once figured in a drama that not only 
stirred the Brethren, but made headlines across America as 
well. In March 1941, he was a young Life photographer 
aboard the Egyptian freighter ZamZam sunk by a German 
warship off the coast of Africa. Also on board the freighter 
were three missionary nurses — Sylvia Oiness, Ruth Utz, and 
[Alice Engel — headed for service with the Church of the 
'Brethren in Nigeria. 

The ZamZam passengers were saved, despite perilous ad- 
ventures on the seas and in Europe at war. (See "The Night 
They Sank the ZamZam," by Kermon Thomasson, April 
1981.) Photographer Scherman managed to smuggle sev- 
eral rolls of exposed film home, photos from which were 
sensationally splashed across Life magazine and US news- 
papers tha"t summer. The ZamZam atrocity and the result- 
ing publicity were not forgotten as America and Germany 
went to war later that year. 

Thus, it was fitting that David Scherman's 1997 obituary 
led off with a reference to his ZamZam fame of 56 years ago. 

Campus comments 

Bridgewater College's Fo- 
rum for Religious Studies has 
released its third publication. 
The Dilemma of Anabaptist 
Piet}': Strengthening or 
Straining the Bonds of Com- 
munity? The 237-page book 
is a compilation of 1 5 papers 
presented at the September 

1995 conference "The Holy 
Spirit and the Gathered 
Community." Steve Longe- 
necker, associate professor of 
History at Bridgewater, 
edited the book and is author 
of one of its chapters. 

In October, the Forum will 
co-sponsor with Brethren Life 
and Thought a Festschrift 
honoring Donald F. Durn- 

baugh, bringing together arti- 
cles by colleagues and former 
students of the well-known 
Brethren historian (see page 
10 of this issue). 

• McPherson College is 
one of 135 colleges in 42 
states included in the John 
Templeton Foundation's 
1997-1998 Honor Roll for 
Character-building Colleges. 
The designation recognizes 
schools that emphasize 
character-building as an in- 
tegral part of the college ex- 

• Bridgewater College's 
Student Council sponsored 
a CROP meal April 3 and a 
10-kilometer CROP Walk 
April 6. The money raised 
went to Church World Ser- 
vice, which returns 25 per- 
cent of the money to the lo- 
cal community for funding 
hunger projects. 

• Manchester College is 
national headquarters for 
the Graduation Pledge Al- 
liance. The pledge states: "I 
pledge to investigate and 
take into account the social 
and environmental conse- 
quences of any job opportu- 
nity I consider." At Man- 
chester's May 25 com- 
mencement, graduates who 
took the pledge wore a green 
ribbon on their gown. 

• Bridgewater College 
claims to have the highest 
enrollment of Church of the 
Brethren students among the 
denomination's six schools. 
In the just finished school 
year, Bridgewater had 178 
Brethren students, 18 per- 
cent of the total enrollment. 

• At Bridgewater Col- 
lege's May 1 1 baccalaureate 
service, Carlyle Whitelow, 
assistant professor of Physi- 
cal Education since 1969, 
was the speaker. Graduating 

William Kosllefv 

from Bridgewater in 1959, 
he was one of the school's 
first African-American stu- 
dents. Whitelow's topic was 
"How Great Thou Art!" 

• This fall, Elizabeth- 
town College's Young Cen- 
ter will host visiting scholar 
William Kostlevy, a Church 
of the 
who is 
and assis- 
tant direc- 
tor of the 
and Holi- 
ness Stud- 
ies Center at Asbury Theo- 
logical Seminary in 
Wilmore, Ky. He will con- 
duct a seminar and a con- 
ference on historic interac- 
tions between the Wesleyan 
Holiness tradition and 
Brethren and Mennonites. 

• At McPherson College, 
[ay Leno, host of television's 
"Tonight Show," has estab- 
lished the Fred Duesenberg 
Memorial Scholarship. It 
will support students in the 
college's program of antique 
car restoration. 

• At Bridgewater 
College's 1997 W. Harold 
Row Lecture series, April 
14-15, the speaker was Li 
Lu, a leader in the 1989 
Tiananmen Square demon- 
stration in Beijing, China. Li 
still has aspirations to help 
create a democratic society 
in China. 

"Close to Home" highlights news of 
congregations, districts, colleges, homes, 
and other local and regional life. Send 
story ideas and photos to "Close to 
Home, "Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

July 1997 Messenger 5 

Nearly 75 gather for first 
Brethren homes forum 

The gathering of representatives from 
Brethren retirement homes and nurs- 
ing centers may not seem unusual, 
but a three-day forum for members of 

A historic photograph. 

Representatives of Brethren 

liomes gather to meet for the first 

time as members of the 

Fellowship of Brethren Homes, a 

ministry of Association of 

Brethren Caregivers that was 

formed about two years ago. 

(Below) David Gerber of the 

Brethren Home, New Oxford, Pa., 

leads a small group discussion. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/TvIessenger 
or the General Board, and should not he considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

6 Messenger July 1997 

the Fellowsiiip of Brethren Homes in 
|une was, indeed, notable. For when 
75 representatives from 17 of the fel- 
lowship's 20 members convened at 
the Brethren Conference Center, 
New Windsor, Md., it marked the 
first-ever meeting of this group. 

The Brethren Homes Forum on 
Collaboration, organized by the As- 
sociation of Brethren Caregivers, 
however, was designed to go beyond 
bringing fellowship members to- 
gether. Its goal was to provide op- 
portunities for members to discern 
how they can work collaboratively 
with each other, and as a group with 
other organizations — Brethren, ecu- 
menical, and nondenominational. 

Michael Winer, consultant for the 
American Association of Homes and 
Services to the Aging, provided lead- 

The conference began with repre- 
sentatives from each participating 
home introducing staff members and 
then describing their organization's 
successes and challenges. 

The second session was devoted to 
presentations from eight panelists 
who reviewed or previewed past and 
possible collaborative efforts between 

the homes and other organizations. 
Panelists included Harriet and Ron 
Finney, co-executives of South/Cen-i j 
tral Indiana District; Bob Cain of 
The Brethren's Home, Greenville, 
Ohio, and chair-elect of ABC; Kareni 
Miller, interim General Secretary of 
the General Board; and Rod Mason 
of Peter Becker Community, 
Harleysville, Pa., and member of 
ABC's Long Term Care Insurance 
Committee. Other panelists were Will 
Nolen of Brethren Benefit Trust; 
Brent Styan of Association of An- 
abaptist Risk Management; Warren 
Eshbach of The Brethren Home, 
New Oxford, Pa.; and Nevin Dula- 
baum of the General Board's News 
and Information Services. 

Participants then used the remain- 
ing 1 'A days — primarily in small 
groups — discussing how to meet the 
needs of their organizations, while 
identifying the perceived needs of 
other organizations with whom col- 
laborative efforts could be mutually 
beneficial. Ten potential areas of col- 
laboration identified by homes repre- 
sentatives included ministry/services; 
media/marketing; insurance/risk 
management; managed care/HMO; 
staffing/training/education; resource 
development; management/purchas- 
ing; leadership development; technol- 
ogy; and regional governance. 

Ten to 15 Haitian Brethren in 
danger of deportation 

With the impending implementation 
of new Immigration and Naturaliza- 
tion Service regulations, 10 to 15 
members of Eglise Des Freres Hai- 
tiens — a Church of the Brethren 
congregation in Miami composed 
mostly of Haitian citizens — are in 
danger of being deported. 

The countdown of 180 days until 
implementation began in early April, 
giving the Brethren until September 
to gain legal immigrant or citizenship 
status, or be sent back to Haiti. But 



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Summertime service. Twelve young adults comprise this year's team of 
Ministry Summer Service interns. These volunteers, who were trained May 
23—30 at Bethany Theological Seminary, are spending their summer learning 
leadership skills in a congregation, camp, or district. Each participant will 
receive a $2,000 college tuition grant. This year's interns are: (first row) 
Rachel Zerkle, Carrie Weller. Joel Ulrich, Jennifer Sink, Heidi Beck, Jamie 
Risser, and MSS coordinator Judy Mills Reimer (Second row) Ginger Gates, 
Jonathan Brush, Sue Grubb, Stacey Perdue, Heather Replogle, Audrey 
Osborne, and Richard Stiver MSS is sponsored by the General Board's Youth 
and Young Adult Ministry and Brethren Volunteer Service. 

according to Mandy Kreps of the 
Church of the Brethren Washington 
Office, it has "become much more 
difficult to get legalization." 

The Washington Office is working in 
cooperation with the Immigration 
Coalition, gathering stories of peo- 
ple — such as the Haitian Brethren — 
that will give members of Congress "an 
idea of how the laws they implement 
are affecting real people," said Kreps. 

According to the 1982 Annual 
Conference Statement on Addressing 
the Concern of Undocumented Per- 
sons and Refugees in the United 
States, "out of obedience to our her- 
itage and the Gospel mandate, the 
Church of the Brethren affirms legis- 
lation and public policies which wel- 
come and promote the welfare of im- 
migrants and refugees." 

For more information on the situa- 
tion and what can be done, contact 
the Washington Office at (202) 545- 
3202 or at WashOfc@AOL.Com; or 
Berwyn Oltman, Atlantic Southeast 
District executive at (407) 578- 

Ross recuperating but could 
miss Annual Conference 

Jimmy Ross, senior pastor of Lititz 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren and 
moderator-elect of Annual Confer- 
ence, successfully underwent 
prostate cancer surgery on May 28. 
He returned home May 3 1 , with the 
expectation that he would not return 
to a routine work schedule for up to 
eight weeks. 

Although his recovery was going as 
expected, Ross said he did not expect 
to attend this year's Annual Confer- 
ence, July 1-6, in Long Beach, Calif. 
He does, however, intend to succeed 
David Wine as the denomination's 
highest elected officer. "1 plan on 
serving as moderator," he said. 

Following his surgery, Ross said he 
and his wife were inundated with let- 
ters, cards, and calls from through- 
out the denomination. "Betty and I 
have appreciated so much the 
tremendous support we've received," 
said Ross, who added, "Continued 
prayers will be appreciated." 

District Conferences '97 

Atlantic Northeast: Oct. 1 1. Elizabeth- 
town (Pa.) College. 

Atlantic Southeast: Oct. 10-12, Sebring 
(Fla.) Church of the Brethren. 

Idaho: Date to be determined, Mountain 
View Church of the Brethren, Boise. 

Illinois/Wisconsin: Oct. 3-5, Cerro 
Gordo (III.) Church of the Brethren. 

Indiana, Northern: Sept. 19-20, Camp 
Mack, Milford, 

Indiana, South/Central: Sept. 5-6, 
Christ Our Shepherd Church of the 
Brethren, Greenwood. 

Michigan: Aug. 21-24, Wesleyan Con- 
ference Center, Hastings. 

Mid-Atlantic: Oct. 10-11. Frederick 
(Md.) Church of the Brethren. 

Missouri/Arkansas: Sept. 5-7, Winder- 
mere. Lake of the Ozarks, Roach, Mo. 

Northern Plains: Aug. 1-3, Wartburg 
College, Waverly. Iowa. 

Ohio, Northern: Aug. 8-10. Ashland 
(Ohio) University. 

Ohio, Southern: Oct. 10-11, New Car- 
lisle (Ohio) Church of the Brethren. 

Oregon/Washington: Aug. 21-24, 
Camp Koinonia, Cle Elum. Wash. 

Pacific Southwest: Oct. 10-12, Pomona 
(Calif.) Fellowship Church of the 

Pennsylvania, Middle: Oct. 24-25, Al- 
toona First Church of the Brethren. 

Pennsylvania, Southern: Sept. 19-20, 
Black Rock Church of the Brethren. 

Pennsylvania, Western: Oct. 18, Moxham 
Church of the Brethren, Johnstown. 

Shenandoah: Nov. 1-2, Bridgewater 
(Va.) College. 

Southeastern: July 25-27, Shooco 
Springs, Talladega, Ala. 

Southern Plains: Aug. 7-9, Pampa 
(Texas) Church of the Brethren. 

Virlina: Nov. 14-15, Bonsack Baptist 

Church, Roanoke, Va. 
Western Plains: Aug. 1-3, University of 

Southern Colorado, Pueblo. 
West Marva: Sept. 19-20, Moorefield 

(W.Va.) Church of the Brethren. 

Contact district offices for information 
concerning their respective confer- 
ences, as well as other district events 
held throughout the year. 

July 1997 Messenger 7 

staff changes announced for 
Brethren organizations 

Pam Leinauer has been named Mid- 
Atlantic District executive, effective 
July 7. Leinauer has served that dis- 
trict as associate executive since 

Donald Myers is 
serving as interim 
executive for 
Southern Pennsyl- 
vania District. My- 
ers, a member of 
New Fairview 
Church of the 
Brethren, York, 
Pa., began his ser- 
vice on May 1 and 
will continue 
through 1997. 

Mark Sloan, 
Bethany Theologi- 
cal Seminary's reg- 
istrar, has re- 
signed effective 
July 18. Sloan has 
served as 

Bethany's registrar 
and as coordinator 
of Academic Ser- 
vices for Bethany 
and Earlham 
School of Religion 
since 1994. Sloan 
plans to attend 
University of 
North Park and 
North Park Theo- 
logical Seminary, 
Chicago, in the 

Kent Shisler, 
controller of the 

Brethren Service Center, New Wind- 
sor, Md., resigned from that position, 
effective June 25. Shisler, who served 
the General Board since 1991, will 
join the Brethren Home, New Ox- 
ford, Pa., as financial analyst. 

Shantilal Bhagat, director of Eco- 
Justice Concerns/Rural Small 
Churches, has been terminated as a 
result of the General Board's re- 





^ ■ .''- 


1 . 

^ 1 


Duiuilil Mvcrs 

Barb Ober 

Kennon Thomasson 

Ian Morse 

design, effective 
July 18. Bhagat, 
who has held this 
position since 
1987, has worked 
for the General 
Board since 1968. 

Jan Eller, in- 
terim co-director 
of Ministry, has been terminated due 
to the General Board's redesign, ef- 
fective July 18. She has served in this 
position since 1994. 

June Gibble, director of Congre- 
gational Nurture and Worship, has 
been terminated due to the General 
Board's redesign, effective July 18. 
She has served the General Board 
in this position since 1988. She 

also served the Board from 

Jean Hendricks, director of Min- 
istry Training, has been terminated 
due to the General Board's redesign, 
effective July 18. She has served in 
this position since 1991. She has 
been called to serve as half-time di- 
rector of Church Relations for 
McPherson (Kan.) College. 

Jim Kinsey, co-director of Min- 
istry, has been terminated due to the 
General Board's redesign, effective 
July 18. He has served the General 
Board in this capacity since 1994. 
He will continue to serve as execu- 
tive for Michigan District. 

Dale Minnich, associate general 
secretary. General Services Commis- 
sion executive, and Messenger pub- 
lisher, has been terminated due to 
the General Board's redesign, effec- 
tive July 18. Minnich, who has 
worked for the General Board since 
1979, has served in this position 
since 1988. He has accepted the po- 
sition of director of Planned Giving 
for McPherson (Kan.) College, ef- 
fective Sept. 1. 

Ian Morse, manager of Cus- 
tomer Service, has been terminated 
due to the General Board's re- 
design, effective July 18. She has 
worked for the General Board since 
1984, and has served in this posi- 
tion since 1991. 

Barb Ober, administrative assis- 
tant and director of Mission Inter- 
pretation for World Ministries Com- 
mission since 1985, has been termi- 
nated due to the General Board's re- 
design, effective July 18. 

Kermon Thomasson, editor of 
Messenger, has been terminated ef- 
fective July 25. A replacement is be- 
ing sought (see ad, page 28). He has 
served the General Board since 
1959. Following service on the Nige- 
ria mission field for 1 3 years — most 
of them on the Waka Teachers' Col- 
lege faculty — he joined the Messen- 
ger staff as managing editor in 
1974. He has served as editor for the 
past 20 years. 

8 Messenger July 1997 

lie hd 

The church's ministry to youth and their families is the 

focus of a workshop scheduled for Nov. 8, Frederick (Md.) 
Church of the Brethren. Youth and Young Adult Ministry is spon- 
soring this workshop that will feature IVIark DeVries, a youth 
minister and author. For more information, contact Youth and 
Young Adult Ministry, (800) 323-8039 or CoB,Youth.parti@Ecu- 

"Living the Story ... 50 Years of Brethren Volunteer Service" 
will be the theme for BVS' 50th anniversary in 1998. 

BVS' anniversary committee is encouraging congregations and 
districts to host their own BVS anniversary activities throughout 
the year, such as awareness events, service projects, a panel 
discussion, a celebration dinner, or information sharing. How- 
ever, the committee is planning a denominationwide anniversary 
celebration, Oct. 2-4, in New Windsor, Md. 

In preparation for the festivities, the BVS office is collecting 
addresses of former and current BVS workers. 

BVS will also be the focus of two Living Word bulletins in 
1998— July 5, which is Annual Conference Sunday, and Sept. 
20, which has been designated as BVS Sunday. 

To forward addresses of former BVSers, for more information, 
or for more ideas for local or district events, contact BVS at 
(800) 323-8039 or at CoB.BVS. parti@Ecunet.Org. 

About 4,000 people were killed, 6,000 seriously injured, and 
50,000 left homeless as a result of a strong earthquake May 10 
in Iran. A grant of $1 0,000 was allocated in mid-May from the 
Emergency Disaster Fund to help those who were left homeless. 
The grant will be used by the Middle East Council of Churches 
and the Iranian Red Crescent Society to purchase food, clothes, 
blankets, and other necessities. 

About $21 1 ,000 was raised by Brethren for disaster relief 
in May by three district annual auctions. 

Mid-Atlantic District's 17th auction, held May 3 at the Agricultural 
Center in Westminster, Md., was its most successful to date, rais- 
ing over $45,000. The quilt auction alone raised nearly $1 8,000. 

Middle Pennsylvania District's auction, held May 9-10 at Mor- 
risons Cove Memorial Park in Martinsburg, raised over 
$46,000— $20,000 from livestock and about $26,000 from the 
40 quilts that were donated to the auction. 

Shenandoah District's fifth annual auction, held May 1 6-1 7 at 
Rockingham County Fairgrounds, near Harrisonburg, Va., raised 
about $1 20,000 and drew an estimated crowd of 2,500. 
Although final figures were not available at press time, this 
year's auction "could be the best of the five years," said Larry 
Glick, associate district executive. 

Mennonite Your Way Directory 8, 1997-2000, is now 
available. This directory, which lists over 2,000 North American 
hosts from the United States and Canada and 280 hosts from 65 
other countries, can be purchased from Brethren Press for 
$18.00. To order, call (800) 441-3712. 






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Sue Grubb, 

former BVSer 
in Jos, 
hands a mud 
brick to Jeff 
during a 

Assisting in the construction of a secondary school near 
the headquarters of EkklesiyarYanuwa a Nigeria (the Church of 
the Brethren in Nigeria) is what participants of the 1 3th annual 
workcamp to Nigeria will do Jan. 1 7-Feb. 1 7, 1 998. This project 
was started during this year's workcamp. 

Additional activities will include visiting churches and partici- 
pating in cultural events. 

Next year's event is sponsored by the Church of the Brethren 
General Board, EYN, and the Basel Mission of Switzerland. Jeff 
Mummau will serve as coordinator. Estimated cost is $1 ,995. 

For more information, contact Mummau at (717) 367-2269. 

And finally, is there a correlation between poundage and patrio- 
tism and the willingness of people to serve their country militarily? 
Carl Bowman, a member of Lebanon Church of the Brethren, 
Mount Sidney, Va., and sociology professor at Bridgewater (Va.) 
College, and James Davison Hunter of the University of Virginia 
think so, according to a story published in the Washington Post. 

Of more than 2,000 randomly selected Americans surveyed in 
1996, Bowman and Hunter found that 38 percent of obese 
women said they would participate in a hypothetical war "'under 
any conditions,'" compared with women of normal weight (28 
percent) and women who are thin (22 percent)." The report 
added that 59 percent of obese men would fight for their country, 
but only 39 percent of men of normal weight and 1 3 percent of 
thin men would do the same. 

The figures were the result of Bowman and Hunter's study, 
called "The State of Disunion," which they wrote in an attempt to 
look at political culture, views, and commitments in light of 
broader cultural trends. Richard Morin, a Post columnist who is 
familiar with their work, asked Bowman if he could produce 
some offbeat results from that study relating to body mass. So 
Bowman ran some tables and produced some data and sent 
Morin an e-mail on his findings. 

"These were not strong differences," Bowman said, "but they 
were enough to make it interesting and include it in a light- 
hearted piece in the Post." 

July 1997 Messenger 9 


Snow Hill artifact! 

BY Donald F. Durnbaugh 

eginning early in 1997, [uniata College has been 
given valuable collections and artifacts connected 
with the German Seventh Day Baptist Church of 
Snow Hill, located at Quincy, Pa., near Waynesboro. Snow 
Hill was a colony of the Protestant monastic community at 
Ephrata in Pennsylvania's Lancaster County familiar to 
today's tourists and to Brethren as the Ephrata Cloister. 

The "Nunnery," as the Snow Hill Society was known 
locally, grew out of the Sabbatarian congregation at Anti- 
etam in the early 19th century. It persisted long after the 
founding Ephrata Society had withered. The last Snow Hill 
brother and sister died in the 1890s. Since then, the build- 
ings and meetinghouse have been used by the members of 
the German Seventh Day Baptist church. 

Crist M. King and his wife, Helen, of Salemville, Pa., 
have been instrumental in placing the Snow Hill materials at 
luniata, motivated by a desire to have the records of Snow 
Hill preserved for posterity. Another determinant was the 
common heritage connecting the German Seventh Day 
Baptists with the Church of the Brethren. Except 
for the principle of worship on Saturdays, the 
two groups are virtually identical in religious 
belief and practice. Representatives of the 
Snow Hill congregation discussed affiliation with 
the Church of the Brethren at a meeting at Snow 
Hill on April 5, attended by members of the Church 
of the Brethren's Southern Pennsylvania District 
and its Committee on Interchurch Relations. 

Highlights of the collections deposited in the 
[uniata College archives are 1) more than 20 

According to tradition, this press was imported /rom 

Germany in 1 742 by the Ephrata Coniniunity. but it 
more likely dates to about 1810. On it was printed 
much of the Snow Hill material. After long use at 
Snow Hill, the press was moved in 1894 to Salemville< 
Pa., and by 1925 it was the property of Frank King, 
father of Crist King, who was active in getting it and 
the other Snow Hill artifacts to f uniata. Aside from 
printing. Snow Hill was known for Fraktur (hand- 
decorated manuscripts). According to Don Durnbaugf 
Snow Hill Fraktur (above) "lacks the ethereal and 
delicate beauty of" its Ephrata counterpart. 

Driceless legacy: 

ome to Juniata College 

ihandwritten and illuminated music books from Ephrata and 
Snow Hill, prized by collectors; 2) a large number of 
Ephrata imprints, including hymnals, writings of Conrad 
Beissel (founder of the communitarian body), and the 
Chronicon Ephratense (the chronicle of Ephrata's history); 
3) several hundred imprints from the press of Obed Snow- 
berger (the last monastic member at Snow Hill); 4) eight 
document boxes containing correspondence, individual lit- 
erary creations, and church and financial records of the 
Snow Hill Society; and 5) detailed ledgers recording the 
operations of the Snow Hill community that flourished 
throughout the 19th century. 

The most impressive artifact is the ancient hand-oper- 
ated Ephrata-related printing press, used at Snow Hill and 
later at New Enterprise, Pa., in the printing shop of Frank 
R. King, father of Crist King. Along with the venerable 
press are many specimens of type used at Ephrata, includ- 
ing decorative type used to create borders. 

In addition, the Snow Hill collection contains valuable 

Bibles, hymnals, and devotional books published in Europe 
and North America and dating from the early 16th century. 
Volumes of the noted Berleburg Bible (the Radical Pietist 
masterpiece printed between 1 726 and 1 742) are repre- 
sented. Books related to Brethren, Mennonites, and 
Schwenkfelders are in the Snow Hill collection. 

Although not yet cataloged, the Snow Hill and Frank R. 
King estate materials will be made accessible to recognized 
scholars upon application to the luniata College Archives. 

Except for the materials donated to luniata, the other 
surviving contents of the "Nunnery" will be sold at auction 
in Ephrata, Pa., on August 1 1 . This is to the consternation 
of many Snow Hill neighbors, who did not wish to see 
these historic artifacts leave the area. 


Donald F. Durnbaugh, of lames Creek, Pa., is a Brethren historian 
with a career that has inchtded professorships at funiata College. Eliza- 
bethtown College, and Bethany Theological Seminary. His relationship to 
and work with the Snow Hill trustees has been vital to Juniata College's 
acquisition of Snow Hill materials. 

The saga of Snow Hill 

In 1763, a Swiss immigrant to 
the American Province of Pennsyl- 
vania, Catherine Schneeberger 
(German for "snow mountaineer"), 
bought 131 acres of land near the pre- 
sent-day town of Quincy. The British 
land office, as was customary, gave a 
name to the tract. Inspired by Cather- 
ine's name, they called it "Snow Hill." 
That naming was historically insignif- 
icant at the moment, but Catherine's 
family and the name "Snow Hill" 
would, in time, become entwined with 
the saga of a monastic movement that is 
part of the larger saga of the Church of 
the Brethren. Today, the "Seventh Day 
Monastical Society of Snow Hill" has 
been gone for over a hundred years, 
and the sad part now for Brethren who 
revere their heritage is that even the 
physical remnants of Snow Hill seem 

doomed to disperse or disappear, 
except for the artifacts salvaged by the 
luniata College Archives. Some of the 
Snow Hill buildings remain, but there 
are no plans for their restoration or 
permanent preservation. 

In Pennsylvania of the 1700s, reli- 
gious expression was much in flux. 
There were the Quakers, who had 
founded the province. There were the 
Anglicans who were more prevalent 
throughout the American colonies. And 
there were the Brethren, fleeing perse- 
cution and hardship in Europe. Along 
with the Brethren were many other 
people of German background, bring- 
ing with them a mixed heritage of ideas 
on religion going back to the age of 
monasticism. Even the Brethren in 
Pennsylvania had not formalized their 
structure. People moved from one 

group to another, or among different 
groups at once, imbibing ideas, quarrel- 
ing over them, and passing them along. 

In that milieu, Conrad Beissel first 
associated with the Brethren, then split 
from them in 1 728 and founded the 
Ephrata Community, a religious society 
that held beliefs quite similar to the 
Brethren, but also practiced celibacy 
and Sabbatarianism (recognizing Satur- 
day as the true sabbath or seventh day). 

In 1752, the Brethren, centered in 
the Philadelphia area, organized a 
congregation westward in Franklin 
County called Antietam. Maverick 
minister Georg Adam Martin (a rest- 
less, controversial church planter who 
started congregations as far afield as 
South Carolina) preached Sabbatari- 
anism there, and with the help of 
Ephrata's Beissel (who made three 

July 1997 Messenger 1 1 

The 150-foot-long main building 

at Show Hill was built in four stages 
from 1814 to 1843, each addition 
added to the others. A spring and 
branch are in the basement. There 
were over 50 rooms, including nine 
large community rooms used for sitting 
rooms, refectory, and kitchen. The 
second floor contained the Saal and 
many small sleeping chambers. The 
Saal (left) was the meeting place for 
both the society and the surrounding 
congregation for many years. Plain oakl\ 
benches, solid and comfortless, and 
the desk of the Vorsteher (leader) are 
the Saal's dominant features. Back of 
the Vorsteher hung a broadside that 
interpreted the mysticism 
characterizing the society's credo. 

visits to Antietam) established Anti- 
etam as a Seventh Day German 
Baptist congregation in 1764. 

The Schneeberger (now partially 
anglicized to Snowberger) family, 
particularly Barbara Snowberger, was 
instrumental in the establishing and 
solidifying of this congregation. Bar- 
bara, whose strong will prevailed over 
that of her husband, Andrew (long- 
time Snow Hill prior), is considered 
by many to be the "real founder" of 
the Snow Hill Society. 

The death of Beissel and the 
upheavals of the Revolution (with sig- 
nificant battles going on in the general 
area of Ephrata) led to the rapid 
decline of the Ephrata Cloister. 

By the 1 790s, Antietam had become 
Snow Hill. Snow Hill's pastor, Peter 
Lehman, encouraged by Beissel's suc- 
cessor, Peter Miller, turned Snow Hill 
into something of a copy of Ephrata. 
Communal living began at Snow Hill in 
1 798. The first community house was 
built in 1814. In 1834, the community 
incorporated as "The Seventh Day 
Baptist Monastical Society of Snow 
Hill." The period of 1835-1845 saw 
the greatest growth in membership, 
from 1 1 to about 30. Meanwhile a "sec- 
ular" congregation of many members 
existed alongside the monastical group, 
and worshiped in the society's Saal (a 
worship room in the main building). 
Beliefs and practices remained close to 
those of the Ephrata Cloister, but with- 
out some of Ephrata's rigidity. 

But, as with most monastic move- 
ments, which changing times allow to 
blossom and flourish for only a season, 
Snow Hill slowly withered away. 
Through the second half of the 19th 
century, the old members died off, and 
new ones were not attracted. The offi- 
cial end of Snow Hill Cloister is 
considered to be the closing of the 
common dining room in 1889. The 
last celibates were dead by the mid- 
1890s. Snow Hill, although it 
survived for a longer period than its 
founding institution, died for the same 
reason. Beissel's successor, Peter 
Miller, had foreseen the inevitable, 
"that Ephrata was doomed because the 
genius of America runs to active doing 
and not contemplative introspection" 
(quoting Charles W. Treher in Pennsyl- 

vania German Society Publications 2, 
"Snow Hill Cloister,"' 1968). 

Since the death of the society, the 
property's trustees have successfully 
fought in the courts to rebuff the 
Snowberger heirs, who sued to regain 
the property, and the State Historical 
and Museum Commission of Pennsyl- 
vania's effort to acquire and restore 
Snow Hill, as it has acquired, restored, 
and preserved the Ephrata Cloister. 

Thus in 1997, Snow Hill survives in 
two remnant forms: the Snow Hill 
congregation of German Seventh Day 
Baptists that is considering affiliation 
with the Church of the Brethren, and 
the decaying buildings that for several 
decades of the 1800s were home to a 
hardy monastic movement. — Kermon 

1 2 Messenger July 1997 


Across the land, 

church calendars 

are filling up with 

reservations for 

couples eager to 

pledge their troth 

to one another. 

by Robin Wentworth Mayer 

iS I write this in late 
May, the dogwood, 
lilacs, and forsythia are 
blooming in all their sea- 
sonal glory. They herald not 
only the arrival of spring 
but also the opening of the 
wedding season. 

Across the land, church 
calendars are filling up with 
reservations for couples 
eager to pledge their troth 
to one another. And as 1 
schedule a premarital coun- 
seling appointment for yet 
another starry-eyed couple, 
I think to myself, "They 
have no idea." 

Don't get me wrong. Next 
to baptisms and baby dedi- 
cations, marrying a man and 
woman in Christ is one of 
my favorite pastoral func- 
tions. It's just that I know all 
too well that out of all the "I 
do's" that are spoken, many 
a bride or groom will even- 
tually say: "I did then, but I 
don't now." And there's 
nothing sadder than a good 
thing gone bad. 

There is an often over- 
looked Bible story about a 
starry-eyed young couple 
getting married. David and 
Michal were society's dar- 
lings. He was a handsome 
war hero and the future king 
of Israel. She was a princess. 
King Saul's second daugh- 
ter. Even though their 
marriage was arranged 
according to the custom of 
the day, scripture records 
twice in 1 Samuel 18 that 
Michal loved David. And 
since David had to slay 

100 men to win her, it is rea- 
sonable to conclude he 
wanted to marry her. 

After the nupitals, we find 
in 1 Samuel: 19 that King 
Saul is still determined to 
kill David, even though 
David is now his son-in-law. 
So David's adoring wife, 
Michal, helps her husband 
escape, and even plants the 
life-size family idol in their 
bed as a decoy. 

When confronted by her 
father, she lies and tells him 
that David threatened to kill 
her if she did not help him. 

For at least the next 10 
years, David plays a deadly 
game of cat and mouse with 
his deranged father-in-law. 
During that time, some sign- 
ficant things happen — and 
don't happen — that con- 
tribute to this good thing 
going bad. 

King Saul gives Michal 
to another man to be his 
wife — Paltiel, son of Laish 
of Gallim. And David takes 
six additional wives. We 
have no idea if there was 
any contact, or attempted 
contact, between David and 
Michal during this time. 

When David officially 
ascends the throne, one of 
his first demands is that his 
long-lost wife be returned 
to him: "Give me back 
Michal, for I bought her 
with the lives of one hun- 
dred Philistines" (2 Sam 

How did Michal feel 
about it? Scripture doesn't 
tell us directly, but it does 
give us some clues. We 
know, according to 2 

Samuel 3:15, that her hus- 
band, Paltiel, grieved deeply 
over losing her. Then, in 
2 Samuel 6: 1 6, we are told 
that as Michal watched 
from a window while the 
ark of God returned to 
Jerusalem with David leap- 
ing and dancing before the 
Lord she despised David in 
her heart. Later she com- 
pares him to one of the 
foolish ones who shame- 
lessly uncovers himself. 

In 2 Samuel 6:20-22, 
David retaliates with cut- 
ting words, reminding her 
that he's the king and he 
will do just as he pleases, 
and if she doesn't like it, 
there are plenty of women 
who do. The last we hear of 
Michal is that she had no 
children to her dying day. 

There is just nothing 
sadder than a good thing 
gone bad. Here we have 
these idealistic young lovers 
who were considered a per- 
fect match, but a few years 
later they are hurting each 
other with spiteful, hateful, 
words. It sounds familiar, 
doesn't it? Where did they 
go wrong? In next month's 
column, I will give you my 
analysis of just how this rrjn 
good thing went bad. r^l 

Robin Wentworth Mayer is 
pastor of Kokomo (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a column offer- 
ing suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said in 
her first installiJient. "Remetnber. 
when it comes to managing life's diffi- 
culties, we don V need to walk on 
water We just need to learn where the 
stepping stones are. " 

July 1997 Messenger 13 

Xne Brethren and 

L Butler Cnapel a^ree: ^ » 

vove must.i 


T^he little white stuccoed church J 
sits ' ■ • ■ ■' , , . 


Story and photos 

BY Kermon Thomasson 

A ruined piano in 

Butler Chapel's 
burned chancel is 
open to the elements, 
mute forever as a 
musical instrument, 
but loud and clear as 
a symbol of the hate 
crime committed 
against the church on 
March 51, 1996. 

he little white stuccoed church 

sits in a clearing in the woods, about 
quarter of a mile down a dirt road 
from the blacktop. An old live oak tree, 
draped in ghostly Spanish moss, canopies much 
of the churchyard. The gravestones of the bury- 
ing ground begin there and extend into the 
surrounding oaks and pines, accounting for the 
Butlers, Claytons, Macks, Logans, )ohnsons, 
Scotts, Greens, Maples, Dashes, and other fam- 
ilies who are a part of the congregation's story. 
There isn't a house in sight. It is quiet back 
there, the silence only 
accentuated by the calls of 
songbirds, woodpeckers, 
and partridges. A breeze 
murmurs through the tall 
pines. The setting bespeaks 
a long history and heritage 
linking the members of a 
congregation. In this place, 
surely cares and woes can 
be laid aside, letting seren- 
ity and peace prevail. 

But this is Butler Chapel, 
some eight miles outside the 
South Carolina town of 
Orangeburg. At first glance, 
the church looks intact, but partially hidden by 
low limbs of the live oak is evidence of destruc- 
tion. While the front of the building — the 
sanctuary — with its litde steeple atop it, is solid, 
the back end — the chancel area, office/library, 
and rest rooms — is roofless. Charred rafters and 
roof remnants protrude from the soot-stained 
outer walls. The old live oak seems sorrowfully 
to spread it limbs to protect the dignity of the 
downed building, pleading with the visitor not to 
gawk at the little chapel's violated corpse. 

But curiosity leads to an inspection of the 
interior. Way past a year since the fire, nothing 
has been cleared away. Burned rafters are 
tumbled onto the floor. A broken and charred 
piano will never lead the worshipers in song 
again. The ruins of the pulpit will never again 

resound with the pastor's voice. Fire-spoiled 
Bibles, hymnbooks, and Sunday school materi- 
als are strewn about. The library books are 
fused into a mass on the shelves. One book lies 
apart, on a table. Scorched and water soaked, 
but still readable, it is titled Reconstruction. A 
mini-poster on the remains of the bulletin 
board reads "Keep the Faith." 

The members of Butler Chapel knew their 
church was not safe. It had been vandalized on 
several occasions. A different window was 
broken each time. Graffiti was scrawled on the 

14 Messenger July 1997 

walls, including repeatedly the number 666. 
Once the communion cloth was burned 
beneath the altar table. 

"It was as if the vandals had one message for 
us: 'We can get in here whenever we please,'" 
said soft-spoken pastor Patrick Mellerson. 
"Still, somehow, it never entered our minds that 
anyone would actually burn our church down. 
We notified the Orangeburg police each time 
someone broke in, but they didn't seem to care." 

As best the Butler Chapel folks can figure 
out, on Sunday night, March 31, 1996, a 
gang of kids broke in and carried on some 
sort of activity involving drugs and liquor. 
There was a melee, and the tumbled candles 
that were used to avoid turning on the elec- 
tric lights set the building afire. That is the 
charitable version, at any length. 

"For the next two days 1 watched the televi- 
sion news and the Orangeburg paper — the 

Times- Democrat — but there was 
no coverage," said pastor Meller- 
son. "I couldn't believe that our 
tragedy had been totally ignored. 
But the 'evilness' of the deed hurt 
more than anything; it was like a 
death in our family." 

Eventually, there was a police 
investigation, and three white 
juveniles were arrested. Over 
time, the number of arrests rose to seven. But 
1 5 months later, no one has been brought to 
trial. "They keep saying 'We're still investi- 
gating,'" the pastor explained. 

Butler Chapel joined the list of 85 African- 
American churches — 32 in South Carolina 
alone — that were arson-burned between Janu- 
ary 1995 and |uly 1996. For months, it seemed 
that Butler Chapel and the others would be 
nothing but statistics. America took little 
notice, or belittled the reporting and rational- 
ized away the enormity of the hate crimes. 
(See "Behind the Church Burnings" and 
"Behind the Church Burnings Story," a two- 
part article, October and November 1996.) 

Said pastor Mellerson, "We felt hurt . . . 
and alone. No one seemed to care. None of 
the community's churches reached out to us. 
The whole country was unaware of what was 

Then the National Council of Churches, 
already actively investigating the church 
burning phenomenon, stepped up its work. In 
April and May, 1996, the NCC sent a delega- 
tion, including Brethren, to affected sites in 
Alabama, Tennessee, Louisiana, and Missis- 
sippi to gather data, raise public awareness, 
and demonstrate its support of the fire vic- 
tims. Rallies were held across the country. 

Over |une 9-10, 1996, the NCC brought 
about 30 pastors of burned churches to Wash- 
ington to meet with top government officials, 
including President Clinton and Attorney 
General Reno. Said an NCC spokesman at the 
time, "The pastors will come to the nation's 

The moss-draped live oak tree in tlie old 
cinircliyard seems to spread its limbs protectively 
over the little chapel that mil never again resound 
with the songs, prayers, and exhortations of a 
worshiping congregation. 

Patrick Mellerson has been 
pastor of Butter Chapel for 
the past three years. He also 
pastors another small AME 
church, while working full 
time in quality control at 
Metokote, an auto parts plant 
ill Sumter, an hour's drive 
from Orangeburg. He also 
lives in Sumter, with his wife. 
Queen, and children Sonya. 
12, Patrick fr.. 9, and Eric. 5. 

A South Carolinian by birth, 
pastor Mellerson spent some 
time in the Miami. Fla.. area. 
He is quick to point out that 
Miami and Orangeburg are 
two distinctly different cul- 
tural worlds for African- 
Americans. South Carolinians 
are much more open, trusting, 
and neighborly. 

Patrick Mellerson yielded 
in 1985 to a calling to be a 
minister. After pursuing col- 
lege courses, he took his first 
pastorate in 1989. 

Butler Chapel has long held 
sen'ices on first and third Sun- 
days of the month. Pastor 
Mellerson hopes that in the 
new church, by 1998. full ser- 
vices can be held each Sunday. 

July 1997 Messenger 15 

Volunteer carpenter 

Tom Dickson of Tyrone 
(Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, served at 
Butler Chapel the week 
of May 18. 

Marion Mack (left), the 
resident project direc- 
tor, consults daily with 
the Brethren project 
director of the month, 
in this case Stan Bark- 
doll of Kearney sville. 
W.Va.. who served 
throughout May. 

1 6 Messenger July 1997 


capital seeking answers and 
explanations, but most impor- 
tantly, they will come seeking to 
be taken seriously by the highest 
officials of the land." 

Patrick Mellerson was among 
the pastors brought to the Wash- 
ington meeting. 
Some officials tried to deflect 
criticism by claiming government action was in 
progress. Said pastor Mellerson, "Our South 
Carolina senator Strom Thurmond told us 
there were 280 federal agents working on the 
burnings. I said to him, "Look, Senator Thur- 
mond, there has not been one agent in 
A week after the Washington meeting, the 
Federal Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, and Fire Arms began its 
probe into the Butler Chapel arson. 
It was only then that the local 
police began its own investigation 
that led to the juveniles' arrests. 

"I was more angry at the investiga- 
tors and the news media than at the 
children who burned our church," 
pastor Mellerson said. "We should 
W ! have gotten justice immediately." 

^^ But while he called for justice 

then and still calls for justice today, 
the pastor wants justice that is tem- 
pered with reconciliation. "If I 
were the one meting out justice, I 
would sentence the kids to one year 
of church attendance at Butler 
Chapel. For one year, every time 
our church door opened, I'd have 
those kids sitting in the front pew 
before me." 

What would the kids hear? "We 
teach love, not hate. We would wel- 
come them. They would find God 
somewhere in our church. They 
would learn compassion, forgive- 
ness, and love of the Lord. If those 
kids had known the Lord, they would not have 
done what they did." 

The trouble with kids today, said pastor 
Mellerson, is the homes they come from. 
"People have neglected to teach good values to 
their children at home. It's no wonder they do 
the things they do." 

The NCC action led to a partnership 
between African Methodist Episcopal Butler 

Chapel and the Church of the Brethren. An 
NCC member, the Church of the Brethren 
assigned its Disaster Services office the task of 
rebuilding Butler Chapel. The Emergency Dis- 
aster Fund allocated $20,000 to provide for 
volunteer workers on the site. 

It was originally planned to begin the 
rebuilding of Butler Chapel last fall, but delays 
of one sort or another postponed the begin- 
ning of construction until this past April. 
Habitat International, experienced in such 
matters, cared for the legal clearances, pro- 
vided functioning guidelines, and did other 
work necessary for the project to move ahead. 
Sources for building materials were found. 
International Paper Company, for example, 
has donated all the lumber, sheeting, drywall, 
and tar paper, as well as other materials. 

The Disaster Response office appointed 
retired Brethren minister Glenn Kinsel liaison 
to Butler Chapel, with the job of recruiting and 
scheduling volunteers from various Brethren 
districts as well as project directors, who serve 
on a monthly basis. Jiggs Miller, a long-time 



disaster response worker, served as project 
director in April. Stan Barkdoll, also a disaster 
response veteran, served in May. A team of 
directors. Earl Dohner and William Clem, 
served in June. And Cliff Kindy was recruited 
for |uly. A Brethren Volunteer Service worker, 
Torin Eikenberry, assists these directors, helps 
orient volunteers, cares for financial reporting, 
and works at local public relations. 

Groups of Brethren volunteers from one dis- 
trict at a time serve one-week stints at 
Orangeburg. A senior-high Summer Work- 
camp group led by Greg Enders will be on 
hand July 7-13. During luly, also. Brethren 
brick-layers from whatever district they are 
found in will be used. "We've got volunteer 
groups lined up through August," said Glenn 
Kinsel. "Then we'll 'take a sounding' to see 
what's needed beyond that." It is hoped that 
the building can be completed by November. 

The local project director is Marion Mack, a 
Butler Chapel member from a family with deep 
roots in the congregation. A contractor, he 
gives much time on the project site, providing 






iii«i[ M 

an ongoing presence, and taking responsibility 
for the project's meeting of building codes. 
His contractor's license doesn't allow him to 
take on a project the size of the new church, so 
he carries the t\t\e Acting Contractor. 

Stan Barkdoll explained that building codes 
differ from state to state, and volunteers come 
in with their ideas from back home about how 
things are to be done. "Marion keeps them in 
line, though. He knows South Car- 
olina. What he says, goes." 

Extending that, whatever Butler 
Chapel says, goes. The Church of the 
Brethren only supplies volunteers. It 
has no input regarding the size and 
shape of the church, the materials used, 
or how the building is constructed. 

Besides Marion Mack, there are sev- 
eral other Butler Chapel members with 
building experience who regularly vol- 
unteer their time. Other members also 
drop in to work. And Butler Chapel 
folks fetch in one home-cooked meal 
a day, themselves, and their arrival is 
much anticipated by the volunteers. 
Camaraderie is strong among the 
Butler Chapel members. This, and ;. 
their infectious good humor, quickly ~_ _ 
bonds them as well with the weekly 
Brethren volunteers. 

So well honed is the rebuilding process that 
on a Monday morning, raw recruits from afar 
quickly grasp the task before them, and before 
the first hour is out, hammers and saws are 
creating a din, and the structure is smoothly 
continuing to take shape. 

Before the joint building project with the 
Brethren began, Buder Chapel had already bought 
a 7.5-acre building site out on the big road. "Some 
of the older members wanted to rebuild on the 

The chuck wagon 

shows up, a welcome 
sight for hungry 
vohinteers. Butler 
Chapel members Zeter 
Mack. Flossie Mack, 
and Colie Davis bring 
in down-home fixings. 

^ A.M.E. 

The old church sign 

is still in place. In the 
left background (and 
across the road) can be 
seen the edge of the 
7.5-acre clearing that 
is the new church site. 

The new Butler Chapel is much larger than the 
old church. The sanctuary (front right) is 46.5 
by 88 feet. Brick-laying is being done in fuly. 

July 1997 Messenger 17 

Aleene Maple, a Butler 
Chapel volunteer, shows 
a balky nail who's boss. 
Some Butler Chapel 
members work daily on 
the project. Others 
come in periodically. 

old site," said pastor Mellerson, "and that's under- 
standable. But the younger folks outvoted them. 
They felt the need to be out where the church 
would be visible to the community." 

And visible it is. The new church is going up 
on a raw, scraped off, treeless site, visible for a 
distance up and down a straight stretch of road. 
Across that road and down a few hundred yards, 
a small sign, wreathed in Virginia creeper, points 
down the sandy lane to the old church. 
The 8,500-square-foot brick church will be 
far bigger than the old 
one. The sanctuary itself 
is46.5by 88feet. A31- 
by-132-foot wing with 
rooms for Sunday school 
and other functions is 
behind the sanctuary, 
forming with it the shape 
of a T. A tall white vinyl 
steeple will sit atop the 
sanctuary roof. 

The new church clearly 
is being built to allow con- 
gregational growth. Butler 
Chapel membership is 
about 135. When it began, 
just over a century ago, 
the rural community sur- 
rounding it was almost 
completely African-Ameri- 
can. Gradually, however, 
people moved into 
Orangeburg to find jobs in 
industry and services. 
Now only about five per- 
cent of the Butler Chapel 
members live near the 
church. The rest drive in, 
some from as far away as 
the state capital, Colum- 
bia, about 25 miles to the northwest. Today, the 
community has many white residents. 

But the picture is changing again, according 
to pastor Mellerson. People living in Orange- 
burg who retained their property in the area 
are moving back out. The racial mixing contin- 
ues, but with more returning African- 
Americans being the factor. "They've gotten 
tired of the town," the pastor explained. 

Pastor Mellerson sees this mixing as good, 
and it fosters the new ecumenical spirit that has 

come with the burning and rebuilding of Butler 
Chapel. "Holy Trinity Catholic church was the 
first one to invite us over after the fire." 

A Baptist church in town, when approached 
to help with the rebuilding project, provided 
housing in its Family Life Center for the 
Brethren volunteer groups. The Times- 
Democrat makes a point now of covering 
developments at the building site, such as the 
ground-breaking and foundation-pouring. 
According to pastor Mellerson, the newspaper 
lamely excused its earlier lack of coverage as 
"things just falling through the cracks." 

The higher profile in the Orangeburg com-- 
munity and the unaccustomed neighborliness 
are not the only benefits attributable to Butler 
Chapel's burning and rebuilding. "It's a move 
from tragedy to triumph," said pastor Meller- 
son. "Getting to know the Church of the 
Brethren is one of the best things. We could 
hardly believe that a church that had never 
heard of us would so open its heart to us, and 
help us rebuild." 

Not unexpectedly, both sides of the partner- 
ship claim they are reaping the lion's share of 
benefits, and they talk about an ongoing rela- 
tionship. So far it's just talk, of course. Glenn 
Kinsel says, however, that encouragement is 
being given to Southeastern District to con- 
sider relating to Butler Chapel. Pastor 
Mellerson and his wife are attending Annual 
Conference in Long Beach. He is the speaker 
for the annual Messenger Dinner, and other 
appearances and involvements at Conference 
have piggybacked on that. The Annual Confer- 
ence experience will expose Butler Chapel's 
leader to the broader church beyond the gung 
ho volunteers who trek to Orangeburg. 

Pastor Mellerson is impressed by the Church 
of the Brethren's emphasis on service and vol- 
unteerism. The Brethren who work on the 
Butler Chapel project are impressed by the 
warm hospitality and the congregation's 
wealth of practical skills. }ust what these 
impressions can lead to remains to be seen. 

What already is seen is that when a tragedy 
happened, when racism threatened the life of 
an African-American church, the Brethren pre- 
sented themselves at their best — answering 
again the question "Who is my neighbor?" and 
demonstrating that hatred cannot be tol- rrr 
crated. Love must prevail. K^ 

18 Messenger July 1997 

In the 



Education as 


Tl he Church of the Brethren in the Dominican Repub- 
lic has been involved in a Theological Education 
Program since 1992. There were problems at the 
beginning in getting all the pastors involved and enthusias- 
tic. After a short hiatus, Marcos R. Inhauser proposed a 
new program, which began in 1 995. This time, all the pas- 
tors were enrolled, and enthusiasm did catch hold. 

Even I, a lay person and not directly involved in the pro- 
gram, felt the new excitement. Part of this can be attributed 
to Milciades Mendez, the new national coordinator. He is 
in touch weekly with every student. He visits our churches 
, and answers the questions that students raise. Beyond his 
' weekly visits, there is a monthly all-day meeting of all pas- 
I tors. This builds and promotes a sense of community that 
'we had been lacking previously. 

Now that the new Theological Education Program has 
I been in place for two years, I have a couple of things to say 
; about its importance for the Church of the Brethren in the 
Dominican Republic. 

The role of women among the Dominican Brethren has been 
completely reshaped since Estella Horning — a former mis- 
sionary in Ecuador and Nigeria, 
and more recendy a member of 
the Bethany Theological 

Miguclina Arias Mateo 

feels empowered as a 
woman in the 
■Dominican church by 
the Theological 
Education Program 
provided by the US 
Church of the 

Seminary faculty — came and presented a course on "The Role 
of Women in the Church." Before that course was taught, I had 
felt that I was a second-class member of the church, that I had 
to do something before I could be accepted in the church. 

The Horning course transformed us women. We Dominican 
sisters now feel and understand that we are important, that we 
have a role, and we see that the church needs us .. .as women. 

This is demonstrated when now we see pastors' wives 
participating in their husbands' ministry. We see it demon- 
strated by male pastors speaking of "our ministry" (that is, 
including their wives), instead of "my ministry," as they 
used to refer to it. 

Another manifestation of this growth in awareness is the 
request made by pastors' wives to be included as regular 
students in the Theological Education Program. These 
women say, "We are also pastors in our congregations; our 
members consider us not as wives, but as pastors." 

One of the other commendable effects of theological educa- 
tion is the marked improvement in the quality of sermons we 
hear. Previously it was widely accepted that one did not need to 
study beforehand and prepare a sermon; the Holy Spirit, it was 
believed, would just guide the preacher, with no preparation on 
his part needed. This notion has now been dispelled. Pastors 
now do studying and sermon preparation. Credit for this 
change is due to a course on sermon preparation and delivery 
taught by Marcos R. Inhauser, a Brazilian who graduated from 
Bethany Seminary. We now hear sermons with better structure 
and presentation. Church members can now catch the idea of 
the sermons easily, and the level of biblical instruction is rising. 

And of great significance, we are becoming one church. 
At the beginning, we were an association of churches, each 
with its own doctrines and goals. But as we studied church 
history, particularly as we studied Anabaptism and Pietism 
in courses taught by Pennsylvania minister Earl Ziegler and 
Bethany Seminary professor Dale Brown, we gained a 
better understanding of Brethren heritage and we caught a 
new vision. This heritage is something very close to our 
spirituality and the way we understand Christian life. 

We are a new church now, more open to learning and to 
change. We are growing day by day to be more Brethren. 
Earlier, all our pastors called themselves Pentecostals, and 
taught that church members had to speak in tongues. 
Through the course on the Holy Spirit, particularly, but 
through other courses as well, they have a new understand- 
ing and a new position. 

But it is not only in the biblical and theological areas that our 
pastors and other church leaders are improving. We have become 
familiar with schedule keeping, reading requirements, and class 
assignments. We have improved our reading and writing skills. 
We have developed the discipline of study. We have improved our 
skills to examine everything and to retain what is good. 

My testimony is my way of thanking the Church of the 
Brethren in the United States for providing us Dominican 
Brethren with theological education and helping us to rrr 
improve ourselves as church leaders and as people, r**^ 

Miguelina Arias Mateo is a member of Magueyal Church of the 
Brethren in the Dominican Republic, and secretary of the National 
Board of the church in that country. 

July 1997 Messenger 1 9 

A most unusual Sunda 

Because of the experience 

of our common bonds of faith, 

teaching the Altruists has 

been a journey of joy, 

BY Patricia Kennedy Helman 

Altruist: One who has regard for the 
interest of others, devotion to others, 
a humanitarian perspective regarding 
a public spirit, and a benevolent 
ardor on behalf of others. 

One of the joys of my life 
has been teaching aduU 
Sunday school classes for a 
long time — 50 years, to be exact. I 
taught adults in the Church of the 
Brethren in Ottawa, Kan., where I 
went as a bride, and continued this 
role in Wichita Church of the 
Brethren. In North Manchester, Ind., 
I was an assistant to Manchester 
College professor Paul Keller, pri- 
mary teacher of the Questers Class. 
Paul, a rare mentor and a wise and 
masterful educator, still inspires 
those who remain on the quest. Now, 
savoring retirement years in Fort 
Wayne, Ind., I share my Sunday 
mornings with the Altruist Class at 
Lincolnshire Church of the Brethren. 
In 1947, at Smith Street church in 
Fort Wayne, the only adult group was 
the Plus-Ultra Class. Its name indi- 
cates that the members were in their 
middle years or older; but, occasion- 
ally, some younger folks joined them. 
It was a time when the men were 
returning from military service and 
Civilian Public Service camps. The 
ending of World War II brought to 
family life a sense of normalcy that 
was most welcome in our culture. 

The pastor of Smith Street church 
at that time was Van D. Wright. His 
wife, Nora, taught the Plus-Ultra 
class, and it was she who suggested 

that the younger group start a class of 
its own. She was aware that her group 
was made up of the older set, and that 
those who were obviously growing 
older might have an agenda different 
from that of their younger friends, 
hurrying to create families and settle 
into comfortable lives. 

The younger ones took Nora Wright's 
suggestion seriously. Seven couples 
banded together and established the 
new class. After some pondering, they 
chose the name Altruist Class. 

This year, 1997, marks 50 years of 
continuous growth and study. The Al- 
truist Class has accrued a history that, 
in many ways, assumes model propor- 
tions in a bonding of friends and fam- 
ily in Christian love. Its members have 
lived their lives in willing service to 
the congregation, demonstrating their 
gifts in a variety of ways. In these past 
50 years, the Altruist Class members 
have grown older and wiser, and, at 
least by name, have moved into the 
age group the Plus-Ultra Class repre- 
sented a long time ago 

Eleven years following the advent 
of the Altruists, construction of a 
new church building was underway. 
The move was made from Smith 
Street church to a neighborhood 
called Lincolnshire. In 1959 the ded- 
ication of Lincolnshire Church of the 
Brethren took place. It was agreed by 
all that the building committee had 
done a masterful job of planning a 
beautiful edifice. On the seven- 
member committee were two women 
and three men from the Altruists. 

From the beginning, the Altruist 

Class had within it a strong group of 
leaders, comprising both men and 
women whose experience and abilities 
were given recognition. Through the 
years, some 45 school teachers were on 
the roll, including several school super- 
intendents and principals. There were 
present, also, those who were in admin- 
istrative positions in the industrial and 
financial groups in the city. Builders, 
artists, secretaries, musicians, scien- 
tists, health-care workers, and others 
were a part of the group. The presence 
of unusual leaders was and still is at the 
root of the strong life of the class. 

Lincolnshire moderators have 
come from the Altruists, spanning 
1947-1994. Early in the life of the 
group, several women who were rais- 
ing infants post-World War II, began 
a Mother's Fellowship. It had pro- 
grams helpful to mothers of infants, 
toddlers, and elementary-age chil- 
dren. As societal changes occurred, 
and mothers often were working out- 
side the home, the group was 
subsumed into a Reaching Out Fel- 
lowship within the church. 

Covering 50 years of the life of any 
group touches instances in which there 
was some ruffling of feathers. The class 
did not totally escape difficult times, 
but neither did its members give up on 
each other. From my vantage point as a 
relative newcomer and teacher, I am 

20 Messenger July 1997 

chool class 

continually aware of the members' 
caring for one another. Each Sunday, 
the happenings of the past week are 
discussed — illness, hospitalization, 
travel, and other matters to which 
people can respond. The Altruists pay 
attention to those who need it. As hos- 
pital visits are made and flowers and 
cards are sent, the caring spirit prevails. 

Ioy is also celebrated, occasioned 
by weddings (usually of grandchil- 
dren) and births (now of grand 
i^iiildren and great-grandchildren). 
Care is taken to celebrate life together. 
Seldom does a month go by that the 
class does not gather for fun and fel- 
lowship — a visit to a new restaurant, 
an evening of entertainment, or a night 
of games and dessert in a member's 
home. And never is the party complete 
without a mention of those who need 
attention because of illness, loss, or 
loneliness. If a group has been together 
for 50 years, loss and sorrow have at- 
tended them. The Altruists' response 
to the death of a member of the class 
never falters; the word "caring" con- 
tinues as an undergirding to an ongo- 
ing part of the lives of the faithful. 
The word "sharing" also epito- 
mizes the Altruists. From my first 
months in the Lincolnshire church, I 
was surprised by the outreach in 
which the class was involved. A 

wooden box is passed each Sunday, 
and money slipped into its slot. Over 
the 50 years of togetherness, the 
Altruists' capacity for outreach has 
grown. Monthly, $100 is given to the 
food bank sponsored by the Associ- 
ated Churches of Fort Wayne and 
Allen County. Another regular out- 
reach is made to a missionary 
couple, with a yearly gift of $ 1 ,000. 
When there is a specific need in the 
church for repair or painting, the 
Altruists are invariably at hand. 

Recently, a large carpet that had 
taken years of wear and tear was 
replaced from the class treasury. Sev- 
eral memorial gifts honoring faithful 
members who are deceased helped 
the Altruists provide a number of 
large round tables for the church's 
fellowship hall. Lincolnshire has a 
care givers program that covers the 
entire congregation. Of the 14 
groups of care givers within the body, 
five are from the Altruists Class. 
These members pay special attention 
to those who are hospitalized or are 
needing help. Besides the outreach 
from within the group, a number of 
class members volunteer at local 
agencies, including Red Cross, food 
banks, hospitals, and schools. 

There are 52 members of the Altru- 
ists Class. Some are in nearby 
retirement homes, but are kept on the 

Lincolnshire's Altruist Class is marking 
50 years of study and service, 
bonding and fellowship. Patricia 
Kennedy Hehnan (seated, second 
from left) has been the Altruists ' most 
recent teacher and the chronicler of 
its history. Her husband, Blair 
(standing, fourth from left), is one of 
the several Lincolnshire moderators 
produced by the class. 

roll because of the group is still impor- 
tant in their lives. The youngest active 
Altruist is 61, and the oldest is 87. On 
Sundays when the "snow birds" have 
returned from Florida, betwee'n 25 
and 30 people attend the class. 

While I have been the primary 
teacher of the class, several others also 
take part in the teaching role. Francis 
Barr taught sessions on science and 
religion this year. Another teacher, 
Roland Young, is taking the group 
through Donald F. Durnbaugh's new 
and comprehensive history of the 
Church of the Brethren, Fruit of the 
Vine (Brethren Press, 1996). A study 
of comparative religion was a major 
part of the winter sessions. The class 
remains open to new ideas and new 
approaches to biblical studies. 

Because of the experience of our 
common bonds of faith, teaching the 
Altruists has been a journey of joy. It 
is a blessing to know what can 
happen when people live by those 
precepts of leading, sharing, and 
caring. Such a way of life is dear to 
the hearts of all who speak of them- 
selves as the brothers and sisters riiri 
in the Church of the Brethren. ffl 

Patricia Kennedy Hehnan. a member of Lin- 
colnshire Cliurch of the Brethren. Fort Wayne. 
Ind., is an ordained minister, a writer, and a 
poet. For several years she wrote a regular 
column in Messenger, "Pilgrim's Pen." 

July 1997 Messenger 21 


One Friday 

evening during the war, 

community people 

tied a big, beautiful yellotu 

ribbon around my oak^ tree, 

complete with bow. 

When I discovered it next 

morning, I — almost by 

instinct — ripped it down. 

BY Mark Thiessen Nation 

Read: Romans 12. 

A few summers back, I attended the Fourth of July 
parade in my hometown, McLeansboro, III. To 
. any outsider, the parade would have appeared 
pathetic. But for this poor community of 3,000, cheering 
on the parade was a matter of pride. The floats, sponsored 
by businesses whose profits were slight, were not elabo- 
rate, but they had been created with love and pride and 
staffed by familiar faces. 

But what stood out for me were the veterans marching 
past. There were four. I knew two of them. One was the 
father of a man who has been one of my best friends since 
we were four. 

Marion had long ago outgrown his sailor's uniform, but 
still he marched in it with fierce pride and military bearing. 
Since that day of the parade, he has shown me photos of 
the battleship he was on during World War II, and has told 
me stories from his service in the Navy. There was no glee 
in his voice as he talked about killing other people. But 
there was a simple, subdued pride in having done what he 
was asked to do by his country. Marion loved his family, his 
McLeansboro friends and neighbors, and what seemed the 
more vague entity called the United States of America. He 
was a simple citizen who had done his duty. 

Ammon Hennacy, a leader of the Catholic Worker 
Movement, once said, "Being a pacifist between wars is 

22 Messenger July 1997 

like being a vegetarian between meals." The statement is a 
reminder. Yes, it is when the most meat-laden feast is set 
before us that we really show whether or not we are com- 
mitted vegetarians. And it is when push comes to shove, 
when shame, violence, and other threats are real for us that 
our commitment to love even our enemies is tested. 

But it is also a distortion, a distortion we too often allow to 
shape our lives. For, if it is only in wartime or during national 
celebrations such as the Fourth of July that we realize that our 
convictions as Christians do not perfectly coincide with the 
ideals of an entity called the United States of America, then the 
superficiality of our lives will be revealed either by our 
unnecessarily shrill protests when wars do come or by an 
easy capitulation that reveals our true allegiance is not, after 
all, to the Lord Jesus, but rather "to the flag of the United 
States of America and to the republic for which it stands " 

Ah, comfortable conformity! But Paul tells us, "Present 
your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, 
which is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this 
world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so 
that you may discern what is the will of God — what is good 
and acceptable and perfect" (Rom. 12:1-2). 

Renewal and transformation sound like good spiritual 
words. And they are. But Paul doesn't want us to forget that 
the spiritual is connected to our real, everyday lives. In 
Romans 12:9-13, he goes on: Our love is to be genuine. 
We are to hate what is evil and hold fast to what is good. We 
are to love one another with mutual affection. We are to be 
humble, associating with the lowly and honoring others. 
Empathy is something we should learn, rejoicing with those 
who rejoice and weeping with those who weep. There are 
needs among our brothers and sisters in Christ; we should 
respond to them. We are to be hospitable to strangers. 

Then comes the point in the text at which the offense 
begins. For beyond this, we are to bless those who perse- 
cute us — not curse them as we are tempted to do. Of 
course, not everything is in our control. But, as far as it 
depends on us, we are to live peaceably with all. We are 
never to repay anyone evil for evil, but are to overcome evil 
with good. We are never to avenge ourselves, but are to 
leave room for the wrath of God (verses 14-19). 

These verses of Romans 1 2 provide a rich and compact 
summary of the basic structure of our life together as a 
church in the midst of the world, if we live in this way, it not 
only enriches our own life, but also testifies to the Lord who 
makes possible our life. And if our convictions are lived with 
enough clarity, the offense of pacifism is mitigated and the 
underlying convictions about loving our enemies and repay- 
ing evil with good are rendered intelligible and credible. 

At the time of the Persian Gulf War, I was pastoring a Dis- 
ciples of Christ congregation in Orestes, Ind., a village of 500 
people. In a place that size, people want something to take 
pride in. One of the centers of pride in Orestes was a 200-year- 
old oak tree that stood at the center of the village ... in my yard. 
The venerable tree was thought of as community property. 

You guessed it. One Friday evening during the war, com- 
munity people tied a big, beautiful yellow ribbon around my 

oak tree, complete with bow. When I discovered it next morn- 
ing, I — almost by instinct — ripped the ribbon down. 

On Sunday morning, my congregation was abuzz. The 
members and other villagers were just sure that some way- 
ward teenager had vandalized my tree. To get the village 
teenagers off the hook, and to be honest, I told the congre- 
gation that I had taken down the yellow ribbon, myself. 

The next Sunday I preached on taking down the ribbon. 
'A part of the congregation's response struck me powerfully. 
These were people who probably had never heard much 
(about pacifism before I came along as their pastor. And they 
'Were people who by instinct were political and social conser- 
vatives, especially regarding war. But they were not totally 
offended by my sermon. 1 hope that was partly because of the 
trust I had established. But, also, it was partly because this 
was central Indiana, where the Brethren and Mennonites and 
their convictions were well known. Although those groups 
are not without faults, their convictions had been lived with 
enough clarity, along with their peculiar views about war, 
that these people in Orestes respected them and appreciated 
them even if they didn't fully understand their pacifism. So 
I when I did something potentially offensive, it did not offend. 

But it is not only that clearly lived convictions make 
pacifism during a war more palatable to others. If 
these teachings in Romans are substantially believed, 
taught, and embodied between wars, between celebrations, we 
have a narrative that shapes us (and our children) such that 
we know why it is we cannot fully, wholeheartedly join in cel- 
ebrations of national hubris and willingness to kill others so 
that we might live. 

So, should we, as Christians, consider ourselves patri- 
ots? This reminds me of a question I have wrestled with 
numerous times over the past few years: Do I believe in 
tolerance? If the alternative to tolerance is narrow-minded 
bigotry or the act of smashing someone's face in or being 
nasty because he disagrees with me, then the answer is "Of 
course, I believe in tolerance." 

But the problem is that there is a lot of baggage that 
typically goes along with believing in tolerance in today's 
world. It usually implies that convictions are merely a pri- 
vate, personal matter; religion is treated like a hobby rather 
than as something that should fundamentally shape our 
lives. What I sometimes say is "No, I don't embrace toler- 
ance, but I hope I embody Christian convictions. Now, 
some of those convictions — such as humility, forgiveness, 
and loving my neighbor as myself — will sometimes look 
like tolerance to others, and that is okay. 

And so it is with patriotism. Patriotism is defined as 
"love for and devotion to one's country." Of course, in 
actual practice, that implies specifics — specific loves and 
specific hates. There is always, but especially during a war, 
baggage that goes along with "love of one's country." 

The problem with patriotic symbols such as flags and 
yellow ribbons is that the message is ambiguous — dependent 
upon the mood of the viewers at the time. One of the 
intended messages of the yellow ribbons during the Persian 

Gulf War was that the US wanted its soldiers to return safely. 
And, of course, with that message all of us could concur. But, 
were the yellow ribbons not also tied up with solidarity with 
the war in general and with sentiments such as one soldier 
expressed when he wrote on a bomb he launched: "If Allah 
doesn't answer, ask for Jesus"? Or all the bumper stickers 
that said "This vehicle doesn't brake for Iraqis"? 

Yes, there are loves and hates, dyings and killings that 
are celebrated in patriotism. That is the problem. 

Thus, sometimes I say, "No, I don't embrace patriotism, 
but I hope that I embody Christian convictions. Some of those 
convictions — extending hospitality; responding to needs; 
living in harmony, humility, and empathy — will, most of the 
time, look like love for my country to others. And that's okay." 

Putting it this way will remind us that pacifism is related 
to a set of convictions and practices relevant between wars as 
well as during them. 

Putting it this way will remind us that what is first is 
worship of God, the God become flesh in |esus — the lesus 
who calls us to love our neighbors and our enemies. 

Putting it this way will remind us not to reduce the 
offense of the cross to some vague commitment to global- 
ism or the peace issue. 

Putting it this way will remind us that whatever love we 
have for the United States of America is qualified by a wor- 
ship of God that leads us to bless even those who persecute 
us, submit even to pagan, wicked leaders, as Paul advocates 
in Romans 13, if the alternative is overcoming evil with evil. 

I would never suggest that placing the discussion of 
patriotism back in the context of life — real Christian life — 
resolves all issues. Hardly. But it does place the tensions 
where they should be: in the presence of the worship of God. 

Taking the stance of Christian pacifism does not entail 
demeaning war veterans. Stanley Hauerwas, in his book 
Pacifism: A Form of Politics, writes: "One difficulty of the 
pacifist witness is that it seems to require the pacifist to 
ignore or dishonor [the] sacrifices [of those who partici- 
pated honorably in war]. ... It is my hope that pacifists will 
help us learn to tell the story of our lives in such a way that 
the valor and sacrifice of participants in past wars will be 
an honorable part of that story without entailing the repeti- 
tion of war for our own lives." 

In the midst of our questions and wrestlings, in the 
midst of the wars of the world, in the midst of patriotic cel- 
ebrations, I hope we can say and live the following: 

We won't carry flags in your parade. 

We won't recite your pledge of allegiance; our alle- 
giance is elsewhere. 

We won't kill enemies whom our God has called us to 
love, even in your wars. 

But ... we hope our lives and convictions convince you 
that we love our God and the people of this land 
within which God had called us to serve. 


Mark Thiessen Nation, who recently served as interim pastor of Glen- 
dale (Calif.) Church of the Brethren, is director of London (England) 
Mennonite Center. He is a Ph.D. candidate in Christian ethics at Fuller 
Theological Seminary. 

July 1997 Messenger 23 


the ladder 


BY Jim Forest 

Read: Matthew 5:1-11. 

T^e Sermon on the Mount, the 
most famous sermon of all time, 
begins with a set of blessings we 
call the Beatitudes — just 10 verses, with 
the word blessed repeated nine times. 
But what does blessed mean? In some 
Bibles, you find it translated as "happy," 
but this makes no sense when you look 
at the conditions Christ is describing, 
from poverty to persecution. 

"How would you translate blessing?" 
I asked the biblical scholar Rabbi 
Steven Schwarzchild. "There is no one 
word that will do," he replied. "It is 
something like 'on the right path,' 'on 
the way the Creator wants us to go.' it 
is the opposite of the word for sin, 
which means 'losing your way.'" 

The Beatitudes weren't the first 
words of the public ministry of Jesus, 
but Matthew uses them to introduce 
us to the teaching of his Master. This 
short text provides a summary of the 
whole gospel. 

If we recognize the last two bless- 
ings as one, because both describe the 
suffering often imposed upon those 
who try to live the gospel, we may 
consider there to be eight Beatitudes, 
each of which we need to think about 
again and again as we progress in our 
lifelong conversion. 

The eight Beatitudes are all aspects 
of being in communion with God. They 
are like rungs on a ladder. Each one 
leads to the next. Remove any one of 
them, and you fall off the ladder. It is a 
carefully built ladder. The rungs aren't 
in a random order. To reach the second 
step, we need to make the first step. 

1 Blessed are the poor in 
spirit. Poverty of spirit is the 
essential beginning. Without it, we 
haven't begun to follow Christ. 

What does poverty in spirit mean? It 
is your awareness that you cannot save 

24 Messenger July 1997 

yourself, that you are basically defense- 
less, that neither money nor power will 
spare you from suffering and death. It 
is your awareness that you desperately 
need God's help and mercy. It is step- 
ping away from the rule of fear in your 
life, fear being the great force that 
restrains us from acts of love. 

Being poor in spirit means becom- 
ing free of the myth that possessing 
many things will make you a happier 
person. It is an attitude summed up in 
a French proverb: "When you die, 
you carry in your clenched hands only 
that which you have given away." 

Look at the life of any saintly 
person and you see this Beatitude in 
practice. For St. Francis, in his habit 
of rags, it was the way of the person 
who makes himself least rather than 
greatest. St. Francis addressed 
poverty as his sister. St. Therese of 
Lisieux spoke of "the Little Way." 
And Dorothy Day came up with the 
phrase "voluntary poverty." 

2 Blessed are those who mourn. 
This next rung is the sacrament of 
tears, the Beatitude of feeling and 
expressing grief not only for your own 
sorrows and losses, but the sorrows and 
losses of others. You can hardly feel 
someone else's pain without poverty of 
spirit — otherwise you are always on 
guard to keep what you have for yourself 
and to keep you for yourself. 

Think about the two-word verse in 
the Gospel of John: "Jesus wept" 
(John 11:35 RSV). The 17th-century 
poet and priest John Donne com- 
ments, "There is no shorter verse in 
the Bible, nor is there a larger text." 
The Gospel authors tell us of three 
times when Christ wept: as he stood 
before the tomb of Lazarus before 
summoning him back to life; as he 
looked on the city of Jerusalem and 
foresaw its destruction; and as he 
prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane 
the night before his crucifixion. 
"The presence of Christ is revealed 

in those who mourn," says my thera- 
pist friend Glinda Johnson-Medland. 
"In mourning, there is transparency — 
the body shows who you truly are. 
Christ is a very transparent person, 
able to communicate with his whole 
body, not just words. A child is trans- 
parent in the same way. Mourning 
makes us transparent to each other. 

"When you see tears on the face of 
another person, you feel it; you are 
changed." She adds, "Mourning cre- 
ates a path. But in America we lack - 
rituals of grief. The result is that we 
aren't operating in reality. 

"One of the things to mourn is the 
loss of the nuclear family — now one 
more minority group. Religious ritual 
provides a way to 'sing away' the soul 
and body of a person we love. Tears 
are very powerful. No prayer of abso- 
lution equals tears. We are mourning 
with the heart of Christ — mourning 
our sins and losses." 

3 Blessed are the meek. We see 
meekness in Jesus washing the 
feet of his disciples, something that 
embarrassed them, something they 
resisted. But in what better way could 
he teach them the nature of love and 
what it means to be a pastor? We see 
meekness in Christ carrying the cross 
and enduring all the other events that 
led to his crucifixion. 

Meekness is a tough virtue for 
everyone, but perhaps most of all for 
men because they have been made to 
think of meekness as a feminine qual- 
ity. But meekness is not simply doing 
what you are told. The person who 
obeys evil orders is not being meek but 
being cowardly. He has cut himself off 
from his own conscience, thrown away 
his God-given freedom, all because he 
is afraid of the price he may have to 
pay for following Christ. We must first 
of all be meek toward God, and that 
meekness will give us the strength not 
to lord it over others or to commit evil 
deeds against our neighbors. 

For an image of meekness in the 
nodern world, think about Rosa 
'arks, a church-centered seamstress in 
Vlontgomery, AJa., who in 1955 qui- 
:tly refused to give up her bus seat to a 
vhite man. In so doing, she violated a 
:ity ordinance — and also changed the 
:ourse of American history, although 
ihe had no idea of anything important 
;oming from her small gesture on 
Dehalf of human dignity. 

That night, 40 black pastors serving 
ocal congregations met together and 
decided the time was at hand to try to 
;nd segregation on Montgomery's 
oublic-transportation system. They 
decided to begin a boycott of the buses. 
Martin Luther King Jr. was elected to 
iiead the boycott, partly because, being 
the youngest pastor in town, he had the 
least to lose should the campaign fail. 
jThe black population of Montgomery 
ibegan walking and carpooling to work. 

A year later, the US Supreme Court 
decided that racial segregation in 
public transportation violated the Con- 
stitution. It was a major blow to the 
legal foundation of segregation. And it 
all began with the firm but gentle 
refusal to go along with something 
Rosa Parks knew was wrong. Faith- 
based meekness can move mountains. 

4 Blessed are those who 
hunger and thirst for right- 
eousness. When we begin to share in 
the sufferings of others, we cannot 
help but notice that suffering is often 
either the consequence of injustice or 
is made worse by injustice. 

Notice that |esus doesn't say 
"Blessed are those who hope for 
righteousness" or "Blessed are those 
who campaign for righteousness," but 
"Blessed are those who hunger and 
thirst for righteousness" — that is, 
people who want what is right as 
urgently as a person dying in a desert 
wants a glass of water. There is a 
saying, "Some people are so hungry 
that the only way God can appear to 

them is as a piece of bread." 

Think of Dorothy Day, who not 
only devoted her life to hospitality, 
but kept asking what it is about our 
society that produces so many people 
in need of hospitality. "Our problems 
stem from our acceptance of this 
filthy rotten system," she said in her 
usual plain-spoken way. 

A society whose main story is 
summed up in the good-guy-kills- 
bad-guy Western movie seemed to 
Dorothy Day a far cry from the king- 
dom of God. The core of the spiritual 
life, she explained, is to see the image 
of God in everyone, especially in those 
we fear or regard as enemies. "Those 
who cannot see Christ in the poor," 
she wrote, "are atheists indeed." 

5 Blessed are the merciful. 
This rung prevents us from 
thinking that the longing for right- 
eousness allows us to be ruthless. It is 
natural to feel anger toward those who 
make themselves richer, more com- 
fortable, or more powerful by causing 
others to suffer. We immediately 
become aware of our attraction to vio- 
lence and vengeance when we start 
imagining how to punish people and 
groups who have hurt those we care 
about or by whom we feel threatened. 

But we see in Christ the constant 
example of someone ready to be mer- 
ciful to anyone, no matter what that 
person has done — not only the 
woman condemned to death for adul- 
tery, but even a Roman centurion, an 
officer belonging to a much resented 
army of occupation. Christ's final mir- 
acle before his crucifixion was to heal 
the man Peter had wounded in trying 
to defend him. 

Thomas Merton described God as 
"Mercy within Mercy within Mercy." 
For a child, it is hard to know what to 
make of that way of thinking about 
God, but sooner or later in life, 
knowing what we have done and what 
we have failed to do, we have good 

reason to be amazed at God's mercy 
toward us. Whoever tries to center his 
life in God is drawn more and more 
deeply into a life of mercy. 

6 Blessed are the pure in heart. 
What is a pure heart? A heart free 
of possessiveness, a heart able to 
mourn, a heart that thirsts for right- 
eousness, a heart that is merciful, a 
heart that doesn't look at people merely 
as bodies or labels or objects to be used. 

We see a pure heart in any saintly 
person. Think of Seraphim of Sarov. 
Thousands of Russian pilgrims 
walked great distances for confession, 
advice, and a blessing from this old 
man with a bent back who addressed 
his visitors as "my joys" and wore 
white because it was the color associ- 
ated with Easter. Seraphim was so 
free of fear that he was on good terms 
with a bear that lived nearby and on 
occasion even shared his bread with 
it, seeing the beast as a neighbor. 

In fact, bears were less dangerous to 
him than people: Seraphim was nearly 
beaten to death by robbers who had 
heard there was a treasure hidden in his 
log cabin. Even so, he refused to con- 
demn them. The only "treasures" in his 
cabin were his icon of Mary, his Bible, 
and his prayer books. He labored long 
and hard to free himself of all obstacles 
to God, and finally had a heart so pure 
that it seems no one could come near 
him without becoming more pure in the 
joy of his welcome. 

7 Blessed are the peacemakers. 
Only after ascending the first six 
rungs of the ladder of the Beatitudes 
can we talk about the Beatitude of the 
peacemaker, for only a person with a 
pure heart can help rebuild broken 
bridges and pull down walls to help us 
recover our lost unity. The maker of 
peace seeks nothing personally, not 
even attention or recognition. 

Such a person is not serving peace 
because it is a good deed, but because 

July 1997 Messenger 25 

he has been drawn deeply into God's 
love and, as a consequence, sees each 
person, even the most unpleasant or 
dangerous, as someone beloved of 
God, someone made in the image of 
God, even if the likeness is at present 
damaged or completely lost. 

How desperately we need peace- 
makers! We need them not only in 
places where wars are being fought or 
might be fought, but we need them in 
every home and within each congre- 
gation. Even the best and most vital 
congregations suffer from deep divi- 
sions. And who is the peacemaker 
who is needed? It is each of us. 

Often it is harder to forgive and 
understand someone in our own con- 
gregation than an abstract enemy we 
see mainly in propaganda images on 
television. Within the church, we 
don't simply disagree with each other 
on many topics, but very often we 
despise those who hold opposing 
views. In the name of Christ, who 

commanded us to love one another, 
we engage in wars in which we don't 
even respect our opponents, let alone 
love them. But without mercy and 
forgiveness, without love, we are no 
longer in communion either with our 
neighbors or with Christ. 

At the deepest level, the peacemaker 
is a person being used by God to help 
heal our relationship with him, for we 
get no closer to God than we get to 
our neighbor, and, as we know from 
the parable of the Good Samaritan, 
our neighbor doesn't just refer to the 
person next door of the same nation- 
ality, but even more to the person we 
regard as "different" and a "threat." 

One of the saints of the 20th century, 
Silouan of Mount Athos, who had 
nearly beaten a neighbor to death in his 
youth, taught that love of enemies is not 
simply an aspect of Christian life but is 
"the central criterion of true faith and 
of real communion with God, the lover 
of souls, the lover of humankind." 


Former BVSers, former BVS staff members, present BVSers, BVS project 
staff, supporters of BVS, all who have been associated with BVS. 

Help Brethren Volunteer Service Celebrate Its 50™ Year 

Will you please send photos, drawings, stories, anecdotes, 
reminiscences, and descriptions of BVSers and their work? 

For producing: an exciting print piece using text and photos to tell the 
story of 50 years of BVS, highlighting its history in the 
church and in the world 

And for gathering: a collection of stories and 
anecdotes about life in BVS. 

Living the Story — 50 years of Brethren 
Volunteer Service is the theme for the 
1998 year-long celebration that will include 
a national event October 2-4, 1998, at New 
Windsor, Maryland, and several regional events. 

Ail photos will be returned unless you designate 
them as a donation to BVS. Please keep 
photocopies of written materials so they 
need not be returned. 

Send to: BVS 50 Years, General Board, Church of the Brethren 
1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120 

8 Blessed are those who are | 
persecuted for righteousness'' 
sake. At last we approach the top of the 
ladder. This is the Beatitude we are most 
reluctant to know about, the blessing of 
the persecuted. Far from expecting the 
Nobel Peace Prize for faithful living, we 
are advised to expect the worst. 

Sometimes we think persecution is 
safely in the distant past, way back in 
Roman times. Or perhaps we remem- 
ber the millions of Russians who died 
in early Soviet Union times simply for 
their refusal to deny Christ. We may 
think persecution isn't a threat in a 
democratic country in which we can 
do and say what we like and build a 
church at every intersection. 

But if you start noticing the image 
of God in the poor, if you begin to 
oppose those activities that cause suf- 
fering and bloodshed, no matter how 
meek and merciful you are, you may 
find that getting into hot water can 
happen here and now. 

The odd thing is that Jesus assures 
us that getting into trouble for follow- 
ing him is something we should 
receive as a major blessing. "Rejoice 
and be glad, for your reward is great 
in heaven, for in the same way they 
persecuted the prophets who were 
before you" (Matt. 5:12). 

Worse things could happen than to 
be in the good company of the 
prophets and, still more important, 
with lesus the Savior. Jesus never 
harmed anyone, but finally had to 
carry a cross — we know it to be the 
holy and life-giving cross, but it didn't 
look holy or life-giving at the time — to 
a place of execution and have nails 
hammered through his hands and feet 
for our sake. Yet it is on the cross nrri 
that the Resurrection begins. i 1 

Jim Forest is secretary of the Orthodox Peace 
Fellowship. He lives in Alkmaar, Netherlands, 
and is the author, most recently, of Praying 
with Icons (Orbis. 1997). He is familiar with 
tlie Church of the Brethren through using the 
services of Brethren Volunteer Service workers 
(BVSers) when he worked for the International 
Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR). 

Reprinted with permission from Salt of the 
Earth, MayZ/une 1997. published by Clarelian 
Publications. 205 W. Monroe St., Chicago. IL 

26 Messenger July 1997 




'fy ^' 



Make a Positive Decision 
FOR Your Future: 

Peace of mind for your security and safety 
Your health and wellness in comfort and dignity 
Fitness in a challenging environment 
Convenience and beauty of your surroundings 
Enjoyment of being in a friendly community 

For flirther information contact the Hillcrest Marketing Office: 




2705 Mountain View Drive, La Verne, CA 91750-4398 • (909) 593-4917 or (800) 566-4636 

DSS Certificate of Authorit)- #069, DHS; #950000005, DSS: #191501662 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 


Brethren Academy for 
Ministry Leadership 

Full-time position reportable to the 
Director of Ministry for the General 
Board and the Academic Dean of 
Bethany Seminary. Location at Bethany 
Seminary, Richmond, Ind. Starting 
date Aug. 1, 1997, if possible. 

Responsibilities: Develops educa- 
tional events for leadership 
development, coordinates certificate 
programs for ministry training, con- 
ducts continuing education events, 
works collegially with General Board, 
districts, and Bethany Seminary. 

Qualifications: Pastoral ministry expe- 
rience (5 years); administrative 
experience (3 years); Masters of Divin- 
ity or equivalent; ordination and active 
membership in the Church of the 
Brethren; well-grounded in Brethren 
heritage, theology, and polity; skills 
appropriate to the responsibilities. 

A 60-day rolling search beginning 
May 19, 1997, with qualified candi- 
dates interviewed at the discretion of 
the Interview Committee. Some inter- 
views may take place at Annual 
Conference in Long Beach. Send 
materials as soon as possible. 

Editor of Publications 

Brethren Press 

Plans and edits Messenger maga- 
zine, and assumes other responsibili- 
ties as part of the Brethren Press editor- 
ial team. 

Needs five years proven experience in 
communications, particularly magazine 
editing; strong grounding in Brethren 
heritage, theology, polity; excellent 
oral, written, and interpersonal com- 
munication skills; active membership 
in the Church of the Brethren. 

Business Manager 

Brethren Press 

Responsible for financial planning, 
inventory management, subscriptions, 
warehousing and distribution, and 
computer systems. 

Send resume, cover letter and 3-4 

letters of reference by July 15 to Office 

of Human Resources, 1451 Dundee Ave.. 

Elgin, IL 60120-1694. 



John Baker has the goal of 
providing for rural people quality 
of life opportunities equal to those 
of people in urban areas. 

John Baker in Everett 

As the June cover story notes, John 
C. Baker has roots in Everett, Pa. 
where he is a life-long member of 
Everett Church of the Brethren. 
Although John Baker is known 
internationally for his accomplish- 
ments, we here in his birthplace 
know him best for his interest in and 
his generous gifts to our community 
library. When the Everett Free 
Library decided to relocate and 
expand, the Baker family provided 
the $75,000 needed to purchase the 





August 11-15 
N. Manchester, Indiana 

A training opportunity for 

Deacons ♦ Pastors 

Chaplains ♦ Nurses 

Doctors ♦ Social Workers 

Counselors ♦ Students in 

Training for a Caring 


Learn from 9 inspirational 

speal<ers and more than 

70 worksl^ops on issues in 

caring ministries. 

For a registration brochure contact: 

Association of Brethren Caregivers 
1461 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 

(800)323-8039, ext. 410 
Register before July 10 to receive a 

lower registration price. 



new site. A clear stipulation was that 
the new facility would have a Peace 
Room. John Baker chooses and pro- 
vides books and resource materials 
for the room that supports his firm 
beliefs concerning peace, mediation, 
and reconciliation. He also has pro- 
vided a $10,000 endowment toward 
the maintenance of the library. 

The library is again planning an 
expansion, and again John Baker has 
made a major financial contribution 
toward the project. That gift will pro 
vide computers and Internet access 
for library patrons. 

A library board member, Daniel 
Koontz, said of John Baker, "Becausei 
he has such great appreciation for 
rural life, a goal of his is to provide 
the means for rural residents to have 
quality of life opportunities equal to 
those living in urban settings, without 
leaving their areas. The Everett Free 
Library has been a fortunate benefi- 
ciary of that philosophy." 

An ongoing legacy of the Baker 
family to their hometown is the 
Everett Free Library. It was founded 
by John's mother, built up and kept 
current by his sister Margaret, 
endowed and equipped in forward- 
moving and enduring ways by John. 
We of the Everett community are 
most appreciative and grateful. 

Elaine Sollenberger 
Everett, Pa 

Not the whole elephant 

David Radcliff, in his April article, 
"North Korea: For Brethren, a Land 
of Opportunity," says "there are 
many similarities between North 
Korean values and Christian values." 
Congress member Frank Wolf of 

28 Messenger July 1997 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to 
Joel Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road, Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one 
time use. $10 for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 

'irginia, a member of the Helsinki 
Committee that monitors human 
ights abuses in eastern Europe and 
le former repubhcs of the Soviet 
Jnion, has said that there is "undeni- 
ble evidence now of widespread 
Drture, icilling, raping, and imprison- 
nent of behevers" in dozens of 
ountries, including North Korea. 
One of these two pieces of infor- 
mation has to be untrue. If the North 
Corean rulers have "Christian 
alues," why are they persecuting 
;!hristians? Once again, we have 
een the elephant and come away 
vith only one impression. More 
investigation is needed before we 
leclare the North Korean rulers 
brothers in Christ." 

Eugene Shaver 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Vlust Hispanic ministry go? 

have been a second-generation 
Tiember of the Church of the 
Brethren all my life. It saddens and 
discourages me to see Hispanic min- 
stry disappear in the General 
Board's "new design." 

The cut speaks strongly against us 
Hispanics in the church, where we 
10 longer have a place. Our Hispanic 
eaders, heroes in the denomination, 
lave worked hard for many years to 
lave a place and a say. Now it is all 
'gone with the wind." 

As a Puerto Rican pastor, I am very 
frustrated, even angry, but most of all 
iust sad. I love the church, but this may 
;nd my love for this denomination. 

We are not heard, accepted, sup- 
ported, or even respected. All our 
efforts are responded to with so- 
called "words of encouragement." 

Telma I. Perez (Garcia) 
Kissimrnee, Fla. 

Advice on relocating 

It was on April Fools' Day that I saw 
this ad in Time magazine: "There's a 
town in Illinois where, if you move 
there, you won't be able to help but 


FRo^^ WHICH WE" most 
CHOOSE, the Wipe OME \S 
OP THE rLESa >. 







Because You Need 

Protection You Can 

Count On 

When a f-re broke out at Elkhart City 
Church of the Brethren in Elkhart, Indiana, 
many members wondered how long it would 
be before they could worship there again. 
But they were about to experience a 
wonderful surprise. 

"Mutual Aid was right there when we 
needed them," says Ted Noffsinger, who 
supervised the reconstruction. "The approach 
I saw was, 'We have a policyholder with a 
problem. Let's do what we can, as fast as we 
can, to get him back in business.'" 

If that's the protection you'd like to experience, then 
you should know Mutual Aid Association also offers 
homeowner's insurance at very competitive rates. To 
find out more, return the bind-in card in this issue of 
Messenger, or call us now. 



Mutual Aid Association 

Church of the Brethren 

3094 Jeep Rd • Abilene, KS 67410 

Protection you can depend on from 
Brethren you trust. Since 1885. 

July 1997 Messenger 29 

become a financial expert." 

Fidelity Investments, a mutual 
fund company, is offering "lectures 
on investing, retirement options, and 
money management" to the residents 
of this Illinois town. 

Since the Church of the Brethren is 
experiencing financial troubles, per- 

haps we should take advantage of 
this opportunity. Perhaps if we 
moved our denominational head- 
quarters to this Illinois town, all our 
financial problems could be solved. 

After all, according to the ad in 
Time magazine, our denominational 
leaders "won't be able to help but 

it smart. 

Help protect yourself and your investments. Diversifying is a key 
to making your money work harder It's one of the smartest 
moves you can make. 

To help you diversify, we've added MMA Praxis International 
Fund to our Praxis famity of flinds. So not onfy will you spread 
your investments out over more and newer markets, you have 
the solid backing of a fund famity. 

Make your move. Just call 1-800-9-PRAXIS or your local 
MMA counselor to become part of the MMA Praxis femily. 

MMA Praxis Mutual Funds. 

A world of opportunity brought down to earth. 

A free prospectus with more information is available by calling 
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send money Foreign investing involves a greater degree of risk 
and increased volatility BISYS Fund Services, distributor. 


become . expert(s)." ' 

The name of this Illinois town 
where financial expertise is guaran- 
teed? Some place called Elgin. 

Bill Bowsi 
Martinsburg, Pi 

We took you up on it 

Sebring (Fla.) Church of the 
Brethren took to heart the news iterr 
on Campaign Finance Reform (April i 
page 11). One member wrote a lette 
addressed to Florida's members of 
Congress. Members who are voters 
signed their names and gave their 
addresses, and we mailed the letters 
to our Senators and Representatives 
in Washington. 

Ginny Grove- 
Sebring. Fla 

Classified Ads 


Executive Director, Thurston Woods Villagei 

Sturgis, Mich., has immediate opening for executivi 
director of a Mennonite-sponsored retirement com 
munity To oversee current & future housing, healtl 
care & supportive services. Prerequisites incl. nurs 
ing home administrator's license, min. 5-yrs 
professional leadership exp. Master's in health can 
preferred. Must be committed to Christian ministry 
identify with & support mission, goals, and values o 
Thurston Woods 'Village and possess strong man 
agement, interpersonal, and communication skills 
Thurston "Woods Village is a nonprofit Christian retire 
ment community with 118 skilled-care nursing beds 
82 assisted-living units, & 33 HUD apartments; 
million annual budget; 120 full-time equivalent employ, 
ees. Send resume, salary history, & references to J 
Randall King, 27440 Banker Street Rd., Sturgis, Mli 
49091-9357 or fax (616) 489-2491. 


Seeking song books. Title; Favorite Hymns 
(revised), pub. by Standard Publishing Co., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. Series No. 5747. If you can help, call (8l4)i 
861-5547 (Pa. number). 


Travel with a purpose. Wendell &Joan Bohrer invite 
you to travel with them on the missionary journeys of' 
St. Paul, Mar 19-Apr. 3, 1998, to Turkey visiting the 7 
churches of Asia— Ephesus, Philippi, district of Mace- 
donia, Thyatira, Pergamon, Philadelphia, Thessaloniki, 
Athens, & Corinth. We will visit other points of inter- 
est in Turkey and Greece. All meals provided. 12,899. 
For info, write Bohrer Tours, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr, i 
Indianapolis, IN 46217. Tel./fax (317) 882-5067. 

30 Messenger July 1997 

urniiiff foiiits 

lew Members 

ote: Congregations are asked 
to submit only the names of 
actual new members of 
denomination. Do not 
include names of people 
who have merely transferred 
their membership from 
another Church of the 
Brethren congregation. 

ntelope Park, W. Plains: 
lason & Lynn Samsel 

shiand. N. Ohio: Norm & 
foanne Lake, Roger Stroup, 
Cristy & Nicole Groh, 
Miriam Mortland, Madeline 

elhany. Mid. Atl.: Katie & 
Liiulsay Heilner, Crystal & 
Slurry Kemp, Angle Sam- 

clhcl, N. Ind.: William & 
Dorothy Evans 

cthkhem, Virlina: lane & 
AK in Burgess 

ranclls. S. Pa.: Wesley & 
K.n^n Heckman, Daniel 
I lullcnshead, Amy Kline, 
kji\ Romero, Robert & 
kinicc Valentine 

ush Creek, Mid. Atl.: Daniel 
Conrad. Gaylen & Melanie 
Mji^hman, leffrey Mussel- 
nun, loy Puckett, Tina & 
Arthur German. Glenna 
Doorough, Laura Spauld- 
ing, Dallas Kehne. George 
Fox, Nissa & Healther 
Quill. Timothy & Wanda 
Perry, Kannika Keovichith 

entral, Virlina: Mandy 
Burton, Melissa Carr, Laura 
Garst, Meredith Hite, Alli- 
son McCoy, Amy Rhodes, 
lames Sexton, Loni Stone- 
man, Lindsey Wray, Leslie 
Covington, N. Ohio:Andrew 
lanovsky. Dene' Longen- 
delpher. Heather Wolfe, 
Steven & ludy Wright 
()undalk,Mid. Atl.: John, 
Sharon, &. loshua Pinkas, 
John Lynn, Medie 
Uizabethtown, Atl. N.E.: Jen- 
nifer Baum, lesse Eisenbise, 
Gregory Epps. Peter Fox, 
Brian Helm, Melisa Musser, 
Dean & Megan Sweigart; 
Cindy. Heather. & Heidi 
Tschudy, Dorothy White, 
lonathan Yound, lodi Youtz, 
Becky & loseph Zaieski 
iphrata, Atl. N.E.: Shirley 
Gehr. Richard & Marilyn 
Mull, Doug & Gwyn Pfautz, 
lonathan Rissler, Sean & 
Ranea Wilson 
Freeport, 111. /Wis.: Linda & 
Shannon Skaggs, Beth 
Simler. lackie Jacobs, 
Ashley Ehrler, Tanya Ram 
Oreenmount. Shen.: Matthew 
Armstrong, Michael & |en- 
nifer Armstrong, Berlin Bible, 
Bonnie May, Helen Minnick, 
David & Lorna Nesselrodt. 
Kevin & Norma Nesselrodt, 
Mark & [Cristen Reese 
Lampeter, Atl. N.E.: Bernice 
Wimer. Reuben & Sandra 

King, Edwin & Patricia 
Bowermaster, Ivan & Debra 

Ligonier, W. Pa.: Monica & 
Robert Monticue, Jason 

McPherson, W Plains: Jessica 
Chapman. Lacey Gayer, 
Crystal Schrag, Victor 
Burkholder, Jacob Gayer, 
Daniel Hammarlund. 
William Hanley. Michael 
Stevens. Alexander Tyler, 
Timothy Wysman 

Mechanic Grove, Atl. N.E.: 
Lars Rasmussen, Steve & 
Sandy Stauffer 

Mechanicsburg, S. Pa.: 
Matthew Ayers, Bryce 
Meek, Ashley Nale, Kevin 
Nyman, Alison Diegel, Paul 
& Evelyn Cassel 

North Liberty, N. Ind.: Ruby 

Parker Ford, Atl. N.E.: Sandra 
Chrislman, Kendra Ren- 
ninger. Mary Romig 

Philadelphia First, Atl. N.E.: 
Sharon Best 

Pleasant Chapel, N. Ind.: 
Rozanne & Tony Robertson, 
Chris Wells, loel Wilson 

Snake Spring Valley, Mid. Pa.: 
Linda Trivelpiece, Nathaniel 
& Stacy Manges. Tina & 
Danielle Imes, Michael & 
Ryan Sleighter. Steven & 
Lynn Shelly. Debbie & John 
Koontz, Randy & Allen 
Kintz, Kelsey Nouse 

Tucson, Pac. S.W.: Alice R. 
[ohnson, |im & Millie 
Hughes. Howard & Gen- 
erkia Smith, Frank 

Virden, 111. /Wis.: Robert 
Lykins. Dan & Annette 

Yellow Creek, HI. /Wis.: 
Sabrina Brinkmeier 

York First, S. Pa.: Pam Bald- 
win, Jim & Linda Barnard, 
leffrey Sunday, Laurie Wise 


Anderson, Ralph and Mabel. 

Michigan City, Ind.. 55 
Baughman, Carl and Olive, 

St. Petersburg. Fla., 60 
Berkey, Robert and Betty, 

Johnstown. Pa., 50 
Craighead, Moyer and Esta. 

Palmyra, Pa., 50