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The Historical Library 

CJiuxcn of the. JSxE.tnzsn ^sjisraL cWtc£i 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 

2ooo. t'i-3 

,, Reconciler 

Moderator Elaine Sollenberger 
works to bring us together 

Celebrating 50 years of Brethren Volunteer Service 

The Good News, the story of Jesus, is to be proclaimed 
and celebrated. In words, yes, but also in the wordless 
words of love: feeding the htmgry, housing the homeless, 
healing the sick, consoling the lonely, bringing together 
the estranged, working for peace and justice. 

To tell the story by living the story: that's what 50 
years of Brethren Volunteer Service and 5,376 volunteers 
and 420 projects in 40 countries are all about. God's call 
to reconciliation is a ministry that never ends. X, 

In your support of Brethren Volunteer z""^-^. 

Service, you help make Jesus' love visible. 

Tefliui] tfie stovij. LivUicj the storij. 



Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 


14 The church is we rather than t/iey 

Since she was called back to the moderator's 
chair under unusual circumstances last 
summer, Elaine Sollenberger has been 
working to bring Brethren together. She 
reflects on how the church calls its leaders, 
on challenges facing the Brethren, and on 



On the cover: Two-time 
moderator Elaine 
Sollenberger in her 
home church in Everett, Pa. 
Her home church gives her a 
strong base from which to lead. 

(Cover photo illustration by Paul 
Stocksdale: background photo by 
Tom Grance) 


Justice? Or just us? 

David Radcliff, director of Brethren witness, 
outlines how Brethren might live in the face 
of economic injustice and global hunger. 

Hope for the middle-class malaise 

A new book suggests that churches are 
suffering budget crunches because their 
middle-class members are too stressed, 
busy, and deep in debt to think about 
giving. Problems of work and modern life 
need more attention from pastors. 

My prayer promise 

Former moderator David Wine promised to 
spend an hour a day, a day a month, and a 
week a year in prayer. We asked for his 
reflections on how he's done and how 
prayer has changed his life. 




From the Publisher 


In Touch 




In Brief 


Special Report 


Stepping Stones 




Pontius' Puddle 


Turning Points 



January/February 1998 Messenger 1 

m hmm 

With this issue we bid farewell to Kermon Thomasson, who has guided 
Messi;nci;r for 20 years, and welcome Fletcher (Bud) Farrar. 
I first learned to know Kermon by reading two years' worth of Mes- 
sengers all at once. I was preparing to join the magazine staff, and this reading 
exercise served as a short course in the Church of the Brethren. 

it also turned out to be an invigorating introduction to Kermon, whose stamp 
has appeared on the magazine for 23 years. His personality has been most evi- 
dent on the editorial page. Like many people, i often turn to that page first. 

As editor, Kermon has determined editorial policy and content and given 
overall direction to the magazine. He has covered church ministries across the 
US and in Nigeria, Sudan, India, Poland, and South Korea. 

Kermon joined the Messenger staff in 1974. In 1 977 he became acting 
editor and in 1979 editor. Prior to joining the Messenger staff, he served the 
Church of the Brethren Mission in Nigeria for 13 years. 

Regular readers know that he is partial to (among other things) Nigeria, his 
home state of Virginia, Mark Twain, Brer Rabbit, history, and the Church of the 
Brethren. He is most comfortable expressing himself on the printed page, and 
that's where his keen insights and sharp wit have flourished. 

Fletcher Farrar, church board chair of the First Church of the Brethren, 
Springfield, 111., has been owner and publisher of Illinois Times for 20 years, 
until selling the weekly newspaper last summer. 

He is completing a term on the Association of Brethren Caregivers board, 
serves on the board of Pleasant Hill Village, the Brethren nursing home in Girard, 
III., and was a member of the Annual Conference simple life study committee. 

Fletcher brings to his new assignment a passion for making faith relevant 
in everyday life. This sense of discipleship is borne out in a number of ways, one 
of them being his interest in purchasing and rehabilitating housing for low- 
income renters in his neighborhood. 

Fletcher is responsible for both the editorial and business sides of a maga- 
zine that is now expected to pay its own way, following the General Board's major 
budget reductions in 1997. The plan is to increase advertising and subscription 
income while costs are reduced through a change in printers and a decrease in 
staffing. So the task ahead is a large one. 

Fletcher is married to Mary )essup, a pastor, university instructor, and writer. 
He has two daughters-Ann, a junior at Indiana University, and Elizabeth, a 
junior in high school. Fletcher will continue to live in Springfield, a situation 
that is providing new learnings for everyone involved but working out amazingly 
well. (All Messenger mail should still be sent to Elgin.) In a sense, he is one 
more congregational life team member working out in the field. 

How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, IL 60120 

E-mail: CoBNews(a AOL.Com 
Fax: (847) 742-6103 
Phone: (847) 742-5100 

(800) 323-8039 
Subscription rates: 
$16.50 individual rate 
$12.50 church individual plan 
$10.50 church group plan 
$10.50 gift subscriptions 
Student rate 75c per month 

If you move, clip address label 
and send with new address to 
Messenger Subscriptions, at the 
above address. Allow at least five 
weeks for address change. 

Coming next month 

Congregational life teams 
come to life. 

District Messenger representatives: .\tl. N.E,, Ron 
Lutz; Atl S.E , Ruby RLi\Tner; 111 ACis., Kreston Lipscomb; 
S/C Ind„ Marjorie Miller; Mich,, Ken Good; Mid-All,, 
Ann Fouts; Mo. /Ark., Luci Landes; N. Plain,s, Faith 
Strom; N, Ohio, .Mice L, Driver; S. Ohio, Jack Kline; 
OrcAVash,, Marguerite Shamberger; Pac, S,\V, Randy 
.Miller; M, Pa,, Eva Wampler; S, Pa,, Elmer Q, Gleim; 
W Pa,, Jay Christner; Shen., Tim Harvey; S.E., Donna 
Shumate: S. Plains, Mary.^nn Dell; Virlina,Jerr\' Naff; 
\V Pl.iins, Dean Hummer; W' ManTi. Wmoma Spui^eon, 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
I if the Btethren, Entered as second-class matter Aug, 
2(1, 1918. under Act of Congress of Oct- 17, 191" 
Filing dale, Nov, 1, 198-t, Member of the A.ssociated 
Church Press, Subscriber to Religion News Service 
& Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical quotations, 
unless othertt'ise indicated, are from the New Rewsed 
Standard Version. Messenger is published 1 1 times 
a year by Brethren Press. Church of the Brethren 
General Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
111., and at additional mailing office, October 1997. 
Copyright 1997, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to iMessenger, 
li51 Dundee Ave, Elgin, IL 60120. 


Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger January/February 1998 



Baptism celebrates faith, community, heritage 

More than 45 members and friends 
of the University Park Church of 
the Brethren of Hyattsville, Md., gathered 
along the banks of the Wissahickon Creek 
in Philadelphia as three young people from 

the congregation were baptized in the 
creek Sept. 21. Anna Meyers, one of the 
three, had talked about being baptized in 
the creek near Germantown since studying 
about the Wissahickon and the origins of 
the Brethren in America. Five years ago 
she had studied the Whatza Wissahickon 
materials published by Brethren Press. As 
the three — Robyn Holl, Anna Meyers, and 
leremy Siegel — participated in a member- 
ship class over the last year, they all 
became excited about being baptized in 
the waters where the first Brethren in 
America were immersed. 

The baptisms became a church outing 
and eventually involved three congrega- 
tions. The University Park congregation 
traveled to Germantown by tour bus. Dar- 
lene Meyers, mother of Anna Meyers and 
pastor of neighboring Good Shepherd 
Church, invited members of her congrega- 
tion to join in the outing. As the group met 
briefly with the Germantown congregation 
in worship, a young man from that con- 
gregation, Ronnie Horton, expressed his 
desire to be baptized along with the Mary- 
land young people that day. So it was that 
four young people bravely professed their 
faith and stepped into the cool waters of 
the Wissahickon, one at a time, to be bap- 
tized by University Park pastor Kim 
McDowell. — Gloria Kindy 

Thatza Wissahickon. Anna Meyers 
being baptized by lier pastor. Kim 
McDowell, in Wissahicl<on Creek. 

Brethren logo at 
Arlington Cemetery 

Officials at Arlington 
National Cemetery 
outside ot 
D.C. recently 
approved the use 
the Church of the 
Brethren logo on one 
of its memorials. 

The church's logo wi 

adorn a brass marker at the 
grave of Frank William 
Miller, a member of the 
Woodberry Church of the 

Brethren in Baltimore, 
who died on 
Oct, 12, 1997, 
at age 78. 

Such per- 
mission is a 
rare occurrence. 
The logo is one of 
only 52 religious 

symbols approved for use at 
the cemetery. A copy of the 
logo and an explanation of 
its significance was submit- 
ted to cemetery officials by 
Fred Wilhelm, brother-in- 
law of Miller. 

Miller served as a med- 
ical photographer at Walter 
Reed Hospital in Washing- 
ton during World War II. 
He is survived by his wife, 
Eunice Wallace Miller. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 3 

II Toiii 

Living Gift Market 

The Living Gift Market held in November in North 
Manchester, Ind., raised nearly S 1 1 ,000 to benefit 
Heifer Project International, and more donations were stil 
coming in. The event attracted 160 people. 

Jane Harshbarger lells 

stories to children as 

part of the Living Gift 

Market in North 

Mancliester. Ind. 

"Ill Touch" profiles Brethren we wouU 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Marriage 65, 
Messenger 41 

Congratulations to Elmer 
and Marie West of Corning, 
Iowa, members of the 
Salem Church of the 
Brethren, who recently cele- 
brated their 65th wedding 
anniversary. They note that 
they have subscribed to 
Messenger for 41 years. 

Seminarian explains wliy 
he works with the poor 

Steve Brady, a third-year 
student at Bethany Theolog- 
ical Seminary, Richmond, 
Ind., has been working as an 
intern with the Richmond 

Human Rights Commission 
and the Interfaith Mission in 
Richmond. Though most 
Bethany students do intern- 
ships in churches, Brady 
said he wants to work 
directly to help the poor. 
He credits his ministry 
interest to earlier Church of 
the Brethren work camps 
and volunteer experience in 
North Carolina, Honduras, 
and Korea. His work and 
inspiration were featured last 
October in the Richmond 
Palladimu-Iteni newspaper, 
which quoted Brady refer- 
ring to his Honduran 
experience: "Coming from a 
culture that values material 
things and measures success 

by degrees or high salaries, 
on the surface it seemed that 
they [Hondurans] had noth- 
ing. It became evident that 
they had something we 
didn't have — perseverance 
and faith." 

Thanks-giving for 
another year 

On Thanksgiving 1995 the 
family of Dale and Ruth 
Aukerman gathered to 
choose a cemetery plot for 
Dale, who had been "given" 
by medical doctors two to 
six months to live. But God 
gave Dale more months. So 
on Thanksgiving 1997, as 
they have in the past, they 
invited volunteers at New 
Windsor to be their guests. 

Leiand and [eanette Grove 
of Laurens, Iowa, and 
Eugene and Eloise Lichty of 
McPherson, Kan., joined the 
Aukermans for a day of 
giving thanks, of love, inspi- 
ration, and spiritual renewal. 
Their 250-year-old restored 
log house was a perfect set- 
ting for the Thanksgiving 
meal, and the guests walked 
in the rolling meadows while \ 
Dale took his short rest. 

Dale Aukerman contin- , 
ues with his prolific writing j 
and work for peace. Ruth ' 
Aukerman was recently : 
given the award of Mary- 
land Art Educator of the 
Year. — Eloise Lichty 


Mazie S. Myer, the oldest 
member of the Akron (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren, 
died Oct. 5, 1997, at 
Brethren Village, Lancaster, 
Pa. She enjoyed bingo, 
painting ceramics, and fish- 
ing. She is survived by four 

4 Messenger January/February 1998 

sons, one daughter, 27 
grandchildren, 56 great 
grandchildren, and 25 great 
great grandchildren. 

• The Rev. Antoinette H. 
"Nettie" Sheets died Sept. 
17, 1997, in Akron. Ohio, at 
age 84. She was a member of 
the Paradise Church of the 
Brethren. Smithville. Ohio. 
She was a graduate of the 
Salvation Army Bible College 
in New York City and later 
attended Ashland Seminary. 
She was an ordained minister 
in the Church of the Brethren 
and had pastored Richland 
Church of the Brethren, 
Mansfield, Ohio, for 14 
years. She retired in 1984. 

For the Malian army, Aiuly 

Murray is helping develop a 

more democratic code of 

conduct. He is pictured with 

General Brehima Sire. 

Inspector General of the 

Malian Army and General 

Chairman of the workshop. 

• Margaret "Peggy" M. 
Cassel. a member of the 
Lititz (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, died luly 12, 1997, 
at age 84. She was a trustee 
at Elizabethtown College 
during the 1960s and 1970s. 
From 1943 to 1945 she was 
in charge of care for newborn 
babies at Castaiier Hospital 
in Puerto Rico. 

The church love biiih 

The new Butler Chapel A.M.E. Church, rebuilt after 
being destroyed by arson, was dedicated Jan. 9-11. 
Patrick Mellerson. the Butler Chapel pastor featured on the 
July 1997 Messenger cover, invited all Brethren youth work- 
campers and Disaster Response volunteers who helped with 
the rebuilding to join in the celebration. The Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries program reported that 294 vol- 
unteers and workcampers contributed 1 ,700 workdays to the 
construction of the new church building near Orangeburg, 
S.C. The value of their labor is estimated at $165,000. — 
Howard Royer 

Up from the ashes. 294 volunteers contributed 1 , 700 
workdays to the rebuilding of Butler Chapel. The new 
building was dedicated fanuary 9-11. 





I lI'Mia'f mIitI 

A inilitarA' code of conduct 

Andy Murray, director of the Baker Institute and 
professor of peace and conflict studies at luniata 
College, traveled last fall to the West African country of 
Mali. He was sent there by the United Nations Develop- 
ment program to help produce a code of conduct for 
armed and security forces in Mali. 

For that task he met with military and government offi- 
cials and with representatives of several United Nations 
organizations. Representatives from Mauritania, Niger, 
Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, and Senegal also 
participated in the meeting. 

The code of conduct will lay out strict norms of behavior 
for military and police personnel in a democratic society 
and under civilian control. 

According to Tore Rose, resident coordinator of United 
Nations programs in Mali, if the Code of Conduct 
becomes a reality it will be the first of its kind in Africa. 

"The document has a strong human rights compo- 
nent, "said Murray," and it also lays out the whole issue of 
civilian control of the military in clear and certain lan- 
guage. Given the fact that the document runs contrary to 
so much that has been taken for granted in post-colonial 
African armies. I am encouraged at the level of investment 
the Malian military and gendarmerie have made in this 
process and by the commitment the government seems to 
have in seeing that this actually gets done." 

Murray's primary role at the workshop was to evaluate 
the document from an educational point of view. "My 
job." said Murray, "was to struggle with the legal heads 
for a less complex and shorter document. If it has value it 
will be in its cultural impact. The potential for that impact 
will be directly related to the simplicity of the Code. The 
technical instruments are already in place." 

Murray was also a part of a smaller working group 
charged with developing a special chapter on human 
rights. The process has produced a text for a small arms 
moratorium which is now being discussed by a number of 
West African nations. 

Murray serves as a special consultant to UNDP on the 
role of education in peacebuilding. This was his fourth trip 
to West Africa in 1997. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 5 

Anointing service. Ken 

Rieinan of Richmond. IncL, 
and Andy Ulrich of North 
Manchester, Ind., embrace 
during an anointing service 
at this year's Church of the 
Brethren Young Adult 
Conference. The confer- 
ence, attended by 157. fo- 
cused on "lesus: The Man. 
the Message, and Me. " 

Neil's items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsemoit or advertisement. 

6 Messenger January/February 1998 

Young adults focus on Jesus 
and his role in their lives 

A spirit of sharing and support was 
what 1 57 Church of the Brethren 
young aduhs experienced Nov. 
27-29, at the annual Young Aduh 

Conference, held 
at Camp Mack, 
near Milford, Ind. 
Within this com- 
fortable atmos- 
phere the theme 
"lesus: The Man, 
the Message, and 
Me" was dis- 
cussed as a way 
for participants to 
learn more about 
lesus, each other, 
and the church. 

Main group ses- 
sions were led by 
Christy Walters- 
dorff, pastor of 
York Center 
Church of the 
Brethren, Lom- 
bard, III. An im- 
portant compo- 
nent of these ses- 
sions was the fre- 
quent use of ran- 
dom small groups. 
guided participants in an exploration 
of the Gospels without supplying easy 
answers. Small group members dis- 
cussed lesus' message and his impact 
on their lives. Individuals were forced 
to confront their own spirituality. 

"It was a powerful experience to 
see 1 50 young adults with their 
Bibles open, talking about lesus," 
Waltersdorff said. 

This mood of self-examination 
coupled with faith sharing carried 
over to the variety of worship experi- 
ences that took place during the con- 
ference. A Taize service offered a 
chance to quietly commune with God, 
while a traditional feetwashing service 
and the sharing of communion led 
participants to feel a part of the com- 

munity of believers, in addition to 
"sharing the table" with lesus. A high 
level of energy during worship times 
was due, in part, to the music selected 
and singing led by Shawn Kirchner. 

The nurturance and support of the 
gathered community was much in 
need Friday morning when Tim 
Stryker of Goshen (Ind.) Church of 
the Brethren, was informed that his 
younger brother, Steve, who had 
been missing for several days, was 
confirmed dead. Steve was reportedly 
murdered by several people in an al- 
cohol-induced incident. Tim stayed 
at the conference and the group liter- 
ally surrounded him with its love. 

The weekend also gave participants 
time to discuss issues that are rele- 
vant to faith and the larger church — 
political concerns. Brethren peace 
witness, conflict resolution, and the 
death penalty. Many of these issues 
came up in the large group sessions 
and in several workshops. These 
workshops — each in their own way — 
were reflections on jesus' teachings 
about spirituality and service. 

Young Adult Conference provides 
participants an opportunity to dialog 1 
with and support one another. Yet, 
the larger church plays a role in their I 
development as well. | 

"Young adults are dealing with 
tough questions and they need a 
church that will help them to struggle j 
to find the answers," Waltersdorff 1 
said. — Nate Haidu 

Annual Conference convenes 
symposium on South Korea 

A symposium that dealt specifically 
with the former Church of the 
Brethren mission in South Korea and 
with global mission in general was 
held Dec. 6—7 at the initiative of the 
Annual Conference officers. 

Seventeen people attended, repre- 
senting the Annual Conference of- 
fice, the General Board, and a group 
of congregations and individuals who 

have special interest in global mission. 

The idea for the meeting originated 
during the General Board's October 
meetings, when members of the global 
mission group addressed the Board 
(see page 6, December 1997). 

It became evident at those meetings 
that while the group believes only An- 
nual Conference can rescind its 1990 
call for Brethren mission in South 
Korea, the General Board believes it 
did try to plant the Brethren move- 
ment there, but had to eliminate that 
ministry as part of its redesign. 

It was in this context that the sym- 
posium was held. 

The participants began by identify- 
ing issues relating to mission philoso- 
phy, polity and procedures, and trust. 
They then reached consensus on a 
number of principles before produc- 
ing a list of recommendations and a 
separate list of cautions. 

Korea conference. Participants of the December symposium on Soutli Korea and 
on global mission in general were Duane Steiner, Anne Myers. Lamar Gibble, 
Joe Mason, Wayne Zunkel, Bonnie Kline Smeltzer, Dan Kim, Bentley Peters, 
Elaine Sollenberger Lowell Flory. Karen Peterson Miller Olden Mitchell, Earl 
Hostetter Lori Sollenberger Knepp, Merv Keeney, and Cathy Huffman. 

Although consensus was not 
reached on all points, two significant 
results did occur. Out of the sympo- 
sium was the understanding that all 
future mission inquiries within the 
denomination should be routed 
through the denomination's new Mis- 
sion and Ministries Planning Council. 
And the Annual Conference officers 
plan to initiate clarification over the 
question of authority and the rigidity 

of Annual Conference directives. 

"The symposium was a needed step 
to take," said Elaine Sollenberger, 
Annual Conference moderator. "Even 
though we adjourned the meeting, I 
would hope there would be continu- 
ing discussion and would hope that 
maybe out of it there would be some 
better ways of understanding each 
other. I think the best part of the sym- 
posium hasn't happened yet." 

BBT asks Annual Conference to approve revisions and modifications to its polity and policies 

Revisions to its polity and modifica- 
tions to the Retired Church Workers' 
Fund (RCWF) are proposed changes 
the Brethren Benefit Trust (BBT) 
board is asking Annual Conference 
to approve. This request comes out 
of action taken during the board's 
November meetings. 

The proposed polity revisions re- 
flect an expanded vision for BBT 
and allow possible new financial 

Please, oh, please. 

Don Fecher. staff 

and Gail Habecker. 

board member, look 

more concerned than 

they really were in 

November during 

BBT's board meeting 

while discussing the 

tentative sale of 

Bethany Seminary's 

former campus in 

Oak Brook, III. 

programs and services. The modi- 
fied RCWF will provide long-term 
financial help for active and retired 
church employees under the new 
name "Church Workers' Assistance 
Plan." This plan is intended to 
complement the General Board's 
Crisis in Transition Fund (CIT). 

The CIT Fund will continue focus- 
ing on short-term emergency needs 
of pastors in transition. The pro- 

posed Church Workers' Assistance 
Plan will focus on lay employees, 
pastors, and district staff who have 
larger, long-term financial needs. 
Inquiries can be made in confidence 
to Don Fecher at (800) 746-1505. 

The board learned that "excep- 
tional investment returns" will enable 
BBT to send an extra, one-time 
check to Pension Plan members who 
were retired by September. They also 
received a permanent three-percent 
increase in lanuary. One hundred 
Equitable retirees (former lay em- 
ployees of the General Board) shared 
$144,000 from the Supplemental In- 
come Fund for Equitable Annui- 
tants— $10,000 more than in 1996. 

The board held the January med- 
ical plan rate increase to 10 percent 
for six months, and gave approval 
for employer groups who use the 
Brethren Medical Plan (not applica- 
ble to the Ministers' Group) to of- 
fer long-term disability insurance as 
a stand-alone option. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 7 

General Board, Southern 
Plains announce staff changes 

Jeff Glass, pastor of First Church of 
the Brethren, San Diego, has been 
appointed half-time coordinator of 
the Area 5 Congregational Life Team. 
He has also served congregations in 
Laton, Calif., and Hagerstown, Md. 

Duane Grady, co-pastor of 
Northview Church of the Brethren, 
Indianapolis, has been named half- 
time member of Area 2 Congrega- 
tional Life Team. He has served as 
program associate at Lombard (111.) 
Mennonite Peace Center; as coordi- 
nator of the Iowa Peace Network; and 
as executive director of the Interfaith 
Council for the Homeless, Chicago. 

Jim Kinsey of Lake Odessa, Mich., 
has been named half-time member of 
Area 2 Congregational Life Team. In 
addition to this half-time position, 
I'Gnsey will continue serving as exec- 
utive of Michigan District. Kinsey 
has pastored congregations in Mar- 


Duiiiw GiucIy 

David Smallev 

lohii Thomas Sr. 

ion, Ohio, and Freeport, Mich. In 
October he concluded his assign- 
ment as interim co-director of the 
General Board's Ministry office. 
David Smalley, pastor of Eden 
Valley Church of the Brethren, St. 
lohn, Kan., has been appointed co- 
ordinator of Area 4 Congregational 

BVS Unit 227. Twenty -nine people entered Brethren Volunteer Service last 
full, participating in three ]veeks of orientation at Camp Swatara in Bethel. 
Pa. Thirteen from tlie unit are Church of the Brethren members. Four of the 
BVSers are from Germany, witli one each from Poland and the United 
Kingdom. "This is the largest unit we've had since 1993. " said Dan 
McFadden. BVS director, "and I'm e.wited about that. " (See page 31 for 
names and placement assignments.) 

lim Kinsey 

Life Team. He has 
also served as pas- 
tor of the Pittsburg 
(Ind.) and 
Fairview (Pa.) 
congregations, and 
served in Gotha, 
Fla., on New 
Covenant Church 
of the Brethren's leadership team 
while working as associate editor of 
News Media Directories. 

John Thomas Sr. began serving as 
interim executive of Southern Plains 
District on Nov. 1 5. This is a one- 
quarter-time position. From 1981 
until 1987 Thomas served half-time 
in the same position, while also 
working as a school administrator. 

Bethany plans a technology 
and education symposium 

A symposium for Bethany Theological 
Seminary board members and staff has 
been planned for March 27-29. As de- 
cided at its October board meetings, 
Bethany will use the time to explore 
ways of providing its programs to 
those who cannot study in residence. 

During its meetings, board mem- 
bers Janice Ruhl of Manheim, Pa., 
and Clara Patterson of Dayton, 
Ohio, were recognized for the recent 
creation of two endowments — the 
Donald E. Ruhl Endowment for Stu- 
dent Recruitment and the Patterson 
Endowment for Stewardship Educa- 
tion and Development. 

The board approved the establish- 
ment of a cross-cultural bank to 
assist students in financing cross- 
cultural experiences. Bethany has 
established a cross-cultural course 
requirement and will contribute $500 
toward each student fulfilling that 
requirement. Students are also ex- 
pected to contribute $600. 

The Board also set 1998-1 999 
tuition at $5,673, and heard from its 
auditor that Bethany continues to 
build financial stability. 

8 Messenger January/Febrliary 1998 


ftn appeal for congregations to send delegates to this year's 
'\nnual Conference in Orlando was made in December by moder- 
ator Elaine Sollenberger Only an estimated 600 churches sent 
representatives to last summer's Conference in Long Beach, 
Calif., fewer than half of the 1 ,400 delegate seats that represent 
:he denomination's 1,116 congregations. 

"Each congregation has the opportunity, as well as the respon- 
sibility, to help with the decision-making of the church by 
sending one or more delegates— depending on membership 
size— to Annual Conference," Sollenberger wrote. She added, 
'Delegates are key to helping us feel and understand the connec- 
ion between the congregations and the larger church body." 

Feachers of elementary school vocal music and high school 
jusiness education are being sought by the General Board to 
serve as missionaries in Nigeria. These positions require a two- 
/ear minimum commitment and include a support package 
consisting of housing, transportation, a medical plan, and a 
iving allowance. For more information, contact Elsie Holderread 
It (800) 323-8039. 

Eighteen youth and four advisers from Maryland, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Virginia attended a peace academy Nov. 8-9 at the 
Brethren Service Center, New Windsor, Md., sponsored by On 
■arth Peace Assembly. "The main sessions focused on how to 
;onfront conflict, how to be an advocate, and how to engage our 
]lobal world," said Kate Johnson of OEPA. 

'Family-based youth ministry" was the theme for this year's 
innual Youth Ministry Workshop, held Nov. 8 at Frederick (Md.) 
church of the Brethren. Eighty-seven junior and senior high 
vouth advisers attended the six-hour training seminar, which was 
ed by Mark DeVries, author of the book Family-Based Youth 
Vlinistry. A two-hour video of the workshop is available for loan 
rom Youth and Young Adult Ministries. Call (800) 323-8039. 

.ori Sollenberger Knepp is serving as acting General Board 
;hair through January, according to a decision made Dec. 3 by 
he Board's Executive Committee. Chris Bowman, the elected 
;hair, has not served in that capacity since early October as a 
esult of a multiple sclerosis flare-up. However, as of early 
)ecember, Bowman's speech and vision had improved to the 
)oint where he could again drive. 

"We thank God for the healing thus far and for the overwhelm- 
ng support of family, friends, the church and many acquaint- 
inces," wrote Sherry Bowman. "It has been a long, harrowing 
ixperience from which we have learned how much we value 
lealth, good relationships, and our faith." 

\fter languishing for about a year as a nearly defunct organi- 
:ation, new life was breathed into the Global Women's Project in 
iarly November as four members of its steering committee met in 
i/lerrillville, Ind. They reaffirmed the project's goal of sensitizing 
3rethren women to overconsumption and the effect overconsump- 

Environmentalists. Members of a new emnronmental 
working group met in November to discuss future 
initiatives oftiie General Board's environmental ministry, 
a function of tlie Brethren Witness office. The group 
included Tim Kreps of Bloomington. Ind.: Sarah Stafford 
ofNortli Mancltester, Ind.: program associate Karin 
Davidson: Brethren Witness director David Radcliff; Dar 
Miller of Dillsburg. Pa.: and Dianna Ullery ofOlympia, 
Wash. The group was joined by Shantilal Bhagat (right), 
former director of Eco-lustice Concerns. It decided to 
produce a quarterly newsletter to highlight environmental 
stewardship opportunities for churcii tnembers. and made 
plans for a Brethren initiative to help stem global warming. 

tion has on women at home and abroad. They decided to resume 
production of GWP's newsletter, and to plan more travel to bring 
Brethren women and the women in GWP-sponsored projects 
together. They hope to meet in different districts, and to provide 
educational programming in those areas. 

Melinda Van Slyke of Spring Green, Wis., departed Nov. 18 
for a year-long stay in Nuevo Mexico, Guatemala, to serve as a 
human rights observer and international accompanier Since the 
signing of a peace accord in late 1996, which ended the 36-year 
Guatemalan civil war, many people who fled their homes to escape 
the violence and oppression have returned. Ivester (Grundy 
Center, Iowa), Modesto (Calif.), Mexico (Ind.), and Highland 
Avenue (Elgin, III.) Church of the Brethren congregations have 
committed to serving as partners in this ministry. 

Two Emergency Disaster Fund grants totaling $24,000 

were allocated in November— $15,000 for the Middle East Coun- 
cil of Churches and to Lutheran World Service-Jerusalem 
Program, and $9,000 to Grassroots International for its work fol- 
lowing the Oct. 8 landfall in Mexico by Hurricane Pauline, which 
killed over 275 people and destroyed or damaged 56,000 homes. 

God's promises to the oppressed are among the topics 
examined in Daniel, the 26th title in the Covenant Bible Studies 
Series, now available from Brethren Press. This latest title was 
written by Frank Ramirez, pastor of Elkhart (Ind.) Valley Church 
of the Brethren. This series is designed for use by small groups. 
Most of the titles also include resources for sharing, prayer, and 
action. Cost of Daniel is $5.95. To order, call (800) 441 -371 2. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 9 

The greatest sin is standinf 

Story and photos by Heather Nolen 

Five Brethren were among the 601 protesters arrested 
at Fort Benning in Columbus, Ga., Nov. 16, after 
marching two miles into the base to oppose the con- 
tinued operation of its School of the Americas (SOA). SOA 
graduates have been repeatedly cited for egregious human 
rights violations — kidnaping, extortion, murder, and torture. 
That day marked the anniversary of the assassination of 
six Jesuit priests and their two women co-workers at the 
University of Central America in San Salvador, El Sal- 
vador. Nineteen of the 26 military officers cited for those 
assassinations were SOA graduates. 

Other notorious graduates include Manuel Noriega; 10 
of the 12 men cited for the El Mozote massacre of over 900 
civilians; two of the three officers cited for the assassina- 
tion of Archbishop Oscar Romero; 100 of the 246 officers 
cited by an international tribunal in 1993 for war crimes in 
Colombia; Guatemalan general Hector Gramajo, who is re- 
sponsible for the murder and displacement of thousands of 
Guatemalans; and the Peruvian officers convicted of mur- 
dering nine university students and a professor in 1994. 

Hall of Shame? This "Hall of Fame" of notorious SOA grad- 
uates served as backdrop for the vigil's popular street theater 

Speaiiliig out for those already silenced 

BY Shelly Ungemach 

Standing with my cross, waiting to 
walk past a seemingly arbitrary line 
on the ground, I experienced a 
rollercoaster of emotions. 

I remembered reading, on a trip to 
Guatemala, accounts of massacres, 
and seeing the names of those killed 
listed. At the time it didn't seem that 
important to read every name, so I 
skimmed over them. 

Those names took on new signifi- 
cance Nov. 1 6 when they were sung 
out to the crowd protesting the US 
School of the Americas. The crowd, in 
turn, answered back, "Presente!" Sud- 
denly those names on the crosses be- 
came more than just letters, and those 
who had been killed at the hands of 

10 Messenger January/February 1998 

SOA graduates became more than just 
statistics. Brothers, sisters, mothers, 
fathers, friends — they were all there, 
surrounding us as we prepared to walk 
onto the base. And I was angry — an- 
gry that I would have to do something 
as silly as get myself arrested so that 
they might have a voice and so that the 
institution that legitimized their killing 
could be stopped. 

As the drums continued to call us on 
and the crowd continued its chanting, 
Nathan Musselman (of Oak Grove 
Church of the Brethren, Roanoke, Va., 
and a fellow Eastern Mennonite Uni- 
versity student) and I stepped over the 
line. There was no turning back. 

We walked in silence with tear-filled 
eyes and angry hearts to buses that swal- 
lowed us and transported us further in- 

side the base where we would be pro- 
cessed. The ride was full of reflection for 
some and singing for others. The rest of 
the afternoon consisted of a lot of wait- 
ing — on the bus and then in a yard. 

The first step of processing was re- 
linquishing all our possible '"weapons" 
— pens, pins, nail clippers, and other 
like objects, which we were told would 
be returned to us. They were, minus 
any item that had SOA printed on it. 

Next came the pat-down, followed by 
more waiting. Finally: Processing time 
I was ushered to a seat in front of a 
smiling man who asked me my name, 
address, and more. Then, unexpect- 
edly, he said, "You're from Pennsylva- 
nia? I live in Harrisburg. Do you know 
of Hershey Park? I took my family 
there this summer. Isn't Palmyra the 

dly by 

After three days of planning, the Nov. 
1 6 demonstration consisted of a solemn 
"funeral" procession, with a quarter of 
the protesters crossing onto the base. 
Some protesters acted as pallbearers for coffins filled with 
100,000 signatures that called for the closing of the school. 
The remaining protesters who crossed the line walked two by 
two behind the coffins carrying crosses that bore the names of 
people who have died at the hands of SOA graduates. 

Other protesters who did not cross the line brought the 
total attendance to an estimated 2,500, five times more 
than in 1996. 

Brethren known to have participated in the funeral pro- 
cession and unlawfully entering the base were Ken 
Brown, Shelly Ungemach, Nathan Musselman. Yvonne 
Dilling, and Raenya Burkhart. They and the other "line 
crossers" were arrested in violation of a US code that re- 
quires military bases to be free of political activity. Fol- 
lowing their arrests they received letters barring them 
from the base. Of the 60 1 line crossers, 28 were repeat 
offenders and were ordered to appear in court. On Nov. 
19, Carol Richardson, director of the School of the Amer- 

Brethren style. 

Brethren from 
Indiana. Massa- 
chusetts. Virginia, 
and Washington. 
D. C. , traveled to 
Columbus. Ga.. in 
November to 
protest against the 
US military's 
School of the 

icas Watch in Washington, D.C., pleaded guilty as 
charged and was given the maximum sentence for unlaw- 
ful re-entry — six months in jail and a $3,000 fine. 

Before crossing over onto the base, vigil participants 
took part in a commissioning service. They agreed to act 
nonviolently, speaking these commitments in unison: 

• We will harbor no anger, but suffer the anger of the 
opponent ("opponent" meaning opposite in beliefs. 

not "enemy"). 

• We will refuse to return the assaults, verbal or physical. 

• We will refrain from insults and swearing. 

• We will protect opponents from insults or attack. 

• If arrested, we will behave in an exemplary manner. 
We will not evade the legal consequences of our actions. 

• As members of a nonviolent demonstration, we will 
follow the directions of the designated coordinators: in 
the event of a serious disagreement, we will remove our- 
selves from the action. 

• Our attitude as conveyed through words, symbols 
and actions will be one of openness, friendliness, and 

place with all the sinkholes?" 

It's too small a world! Hershey 
Park was my summer employment 
for two summers and Palmyra is the 
small town full of sinkholes where I 
lived the first 1 8 years of my life. 

Then this still-smiling man handed 
me a ban and bar letter, which stated I 
was being ejected from Fort Benning 
for criminal trespassing and banned 
for a year. My picture was taken and 

Crossing the line. 

Nathan Musselman 
and author Shelly 
Ungemach take 
"baby steps " in 
their support of 
justice as they cross 
into the grounds of 
Fort Benning. 

that was it — I had been processed. 

By the time it was all said and 
done, the sun had set and so I ate my 
army-supplied supper in the growing 
dusk, whipped by the cold wind and 
my mind awhirl with difficult ques- 
tions, such as "What did 1 accom- 
plish?" and "What else am I going to 
do to speak out against the injustice 
in this world?" This shouldn't be an 
end but a beginning, a beginning of a 

life-long commitment to speak for 
the silenced, to cry for the forsaken, 
and to work toward creating God's 
Kingdom here on earth. 

For me, where to start is a paralyz 
ing question lurking everywhere I 
turn. I do know that crossing that 
line wasn't as hard as I thought it 
would be. And this leads me to be- 
lieve that saving the world doesn't 
begin with huge actions but rather 
with little, tiny commitments that 
add up to a mountain. 

Note to self — Start taking 
those baby steps. 

Slwlly Vngemacli. a member of Palmyra (Pa.) 
Cliurch of tlie Bretluen. attends Eastern Men- 
nonite University in Harrisonburg. Va. Site lias 
studied liberation theology as well as Latin 
American history, language and culture. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 11 

"Funeral" procession. 

Some of the SOA pro- 
testers (above) partici- 
pate in a symbolic 
funeral procession 
onto the Fort Benning 

(Left) A street 
theater production of 
the assassinations that 
are attributed to SOA 

respect toward all people we encounter, including police 
officers and workers. 

• We will not damage property. 

• We will not bring or use drugs or alcohol. 

• We will not run or use threatening motions. 

• We will carry no weapons. 

"God had a hand in where I went," said Ungemach, ex- 
plaining why she crossed the line. The Palmyra (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren member added, "I'm looking for- 
ward to sharing my experience with my church." 

When asked why he planned to cross the line. Mussel- 
man, of Roanoke, Va., quoted the saying on his shirt, first 
spoken by Martin Luther King |r. — "The greatest sin of 
our time is not the few who destroy, but the vast majority 
who have stood idly by." 

"I'm not crossing the line to get arrested," Musselman 
said, "but I have no ill feelings with that result of my ac- 
tion. I've been inspired by a God who stands on the side of 

School of the Americas-related resources available 
from the Washington Office include "School of the 
Americas," a book by Jack Nelson-Pallmeyer, and 
"School of the Americas: An Insider Speaks Out," a 
video with Joe Blair, a retired Army major and former 
SOA instructor. For more information, contact the of- 
fice at (202) 546-3202 or at WashOfc@AOL.Com. 

the oppressed and the poor." 

Also participating in what organizers 
called an "act of holy obedience" were 
about 15 other Church of the Brethren 
or related demonstrators from Bethany 
Theological Seminary, Richmond, 
Ind., Manchester College, North Man- 
chester, Ind., and from Massachusetts. 
Some were vocal in their decision not 
to cross the line, like losh Kline, a 
Manchester College student who had 
worked closely with SOA watch while 
an intern at the Church of the Brethren Washington Office. 
"I can do more in a long-term profession than in a one-time 
(civil disobedience) experience; health care expansion is 
equally important," Kline said. 

Greg Laszakovits, a Bethany student, said he was "not 
sold on the political power of crossing over," but wanted 
to be "a voice within the church that would rally support 
(to close the school)." 

After protesters crossed the line, SOA officials organized 
a press conference with Roy Trumble, SOA commandant. 
Trumble took issue with the religious motivation of the 
vigil, stating to International News Services, "This is not a 
religious issue. It's not a moral issue. This is a political is- 
sue and it will be decided by our own politicians. I certainly 
hope that the school is not closed down as a result of what 
I think is an ill-directed movement against the school." 

In sharp contrast. Debbie Miller, representing the 
Bethany Peace Studies delegation, said, "We feel the SOA 
is contrary to Christ's teachings. We throw up our hands 
and want to pretend we are not of the world . . . we may not 
be holding the gun, but by doing nothing and by being 
silent we are behind the assassins." 

The continued existence of the SOA is also contrary to the 
General Board's stance, which this past luly passed a resolu- 
tion calling for the closing of the school. 

An attempt to close the SOA by cutting funds came close 
to passing in the US House in September — 210 to 21 7. 
SOA Watch, hoping to build on that near-miss, is urging 
people to contact their US legislators asking for their sup- 
port of H.R. 61 1 — a House bill to close the school; 
S. 980 would do the same in the Senate. 

Do phone calls, letters, and physical protests make a dif- 
ference? At the demonstration, Carol Richardson explained 
to protesters her conversation with one congressional repre- 
sentative, an unlikely supporter of SOA closure. In explain- 
ing why he voted to close the SOA in September, he said, 

"Well, you see, there's this monastery in my district " 

What if our representatives would say, "Well, you see 

there's this Church of the Brethren in my district " 

If only more of us would show our concern, we 
could close the SOA. 


Heather \olen. a Brethren \ohinteer Service worker, is serving as coordi- 
nator of the CInircli of the Brethren Wasliington Office. 

1 2 Messenger January/February 1998 


by Robin Wentworth Mayer 
"But you see, ma am. 

the computer don't know...." 

Usually I let such things 
slide. Usually I don't con- 
sider it my place to correct 
the grammar of other adults. 
Usually I just grit my teeth 
and remind myself that a 
small error in verb conjuga- 
tion doesn't destroy the 
intended meaning of the sen- 
tence. Usually. 

This time however my level 
of frustration had long since 
surpassed my threshold of 

"Doesn't know," i inter- 
rupted her. "The computer 
doesn't know." 

There was just a split 
second of confused silence, 
then she went on: "Yes 
ma'am, like I said, the com- 
puter don't know that you've 
been paying more than the 
scheduled loan amount and it 
just went ahead and sent you 
your coupon book for next 
year's payments." 

Several months previously 
I had purchased a new televi- 
sion set. Since the financing 
was interest-free for twelve 
months, I opted to take 
advantage of it. Even though 
the payments were based 
upon the assumption of a 
two-year loan, I had consci- 
entiously been paying 
enough extra every month to 
make sure 1 would have the 
entire amount paid off within 
twelve months. The fact that 
the computer didn't know 
that was exactly why I was so 

1 am not anti-technology. 
While computers intimidate 
me, I respect them and I've 
learned to use and appreciate 
them. I don't know if 1 even 

remember how to write with- 
out a word processor! No, I 
like computers just fine and 
would hate to have to navi- 
gate the complexities of our 
high-tech world without one. 

It's just that, like my experi- 
ence with the finance 
company so dramatically illus- 
trates, computers don't know 
me and the particular circum- 
stances of my situation. They 
don't know how to respond to 
my needs and efforts... only 
how to run their program. 

They also don't "know" the 
fine-tuning of communica- 
tion. I received a letter 
recently from an organization 
wanting to know if we would 
be having a "church bizarre." 
While "spell check" is a grand 
invention, it is certainly no 
respecter of homonyms. It will 
tell us whether or not a word 
is spelled correctly. It won't 
tell us whether or not that 
word makes sense in context. 

Computers also don't 
acknowledge individual iden- 
tity, lust last week I helped 
my son type his autobiogra- 
phy. Since he included first, 
middle, and last names of all 
five brothers, two parents, 
and four grandparents, it took 
a long time to get through the 
spell check because the com- 
puter doesn't "think" that 
names are words. That same 
document contained another 
error the computer couldn't 
catch: Brandon stated at one 
point that he loved "fiend 
trips." While that may well be 
a correct statement, it was 
supposed to be "field trips." 

And I suppose that's what 
it all boils down to: When it 
comes to programming, com- 
puters ruthlessly employ the 
letter of the law. Which is the 
same thing we find under the 

Old Covenant. 

The Old Testament Law 
made no provision for unique 
circumstances, no acknowl- 
edgment of individuality, no 
margin for error. It was, quite 
literally, set in stone. The New 
Covenant, however, is not set 
in stone, but rather signed in 
blood. While stone is hard, 
cold, and unyielding, blood is 
fluid, warm, and alive. Cen- 
turies ago the apostle Paul 
tried to make the Christians at 
Corinth understand this when 
he wrote: "... for the letter 
kills, but the Spirit gives life." 

The system of the Law, like 
computers, can only con- 
demn my faults and ignore 
my efforts. Grace, on the 
other hand, can forgive my 
faults and understand my 
efforts. Which is exactly why 
the Word became flesh. 

"1 realize the computer 
doesn't know I've been 
paying ahead." (I said this 
with a pretty good imitation 
of patience.) "I'm calling 
because I need to know if 
there exists a record of my 
additional payments." 

"Oh yes, ma'am! I have it 
all right here in your file." 

I'm glad there was a per- 
sonal backup for my financial 
account and it was not totally 
at the mercy of a computer 
system. Likewise, I'm glad 
there's a personal God behind 
my spiritual account and my 
soul is not at the mercy 
of a legalistic system. 


Robin Wentworth Mayer is pastor of 
Kolcomo (hid.) Church of the Brethren. 

Stepping Stones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and opinions 
— snapshots of life — that we hope are 
helpful to readers in tlieir Christian jour- 
ney. As the writer said in herfrst 
inslalhncni. "Remember n'lten it comes 
to managing life's difficulties, tve don't 
need to wall< on water We just need to 
learn where the stepping stones are. " 

January/February 1998 Messenger 13 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

Since August when she 
assumed the title of moder- 
ator of the Church of the 
Brethren, Elaine Soilen- 
berger of Everett, Pa., has immersed 
herself in the role, keeping up a full 
travel schedule that included atten- 
dance at six district conferences in 
the fall. Annual Conference plan- 
ning meetings in Orlando, 
committee meetings in Baltimore 
and elsewhere, and numerous trips 
to Elgin. When she's home her 
phone stays busy with the role of 
conciliator she has taken on. In that 
role, she organized a major sympo- 
sium on Korea and the global 

14 Messenger January/February 1998 

mission philosophy held in Elgin in 
December, a meeting that may 
become a model for resolving differ- 
ences within the church. 

This wasn't what Soilenberger 
had planned to do this year. But 
when the phone rang in her Pennsyl- 
vania home on the Sunday before 
Annual Conference last summer, she 
quickly realized that this was not just 
a call but a Call. On the line was 
then-moderator David Wine, who 
explained that for health reasons 
moderator-elect limmy Ross would 
be unable to serve as moderator for 
the coming year. The Annual Con- 
ference officers had worked with the 
nominating committee of Standing 
Committee to recommend her, and 


urcn IS 

works tc 

Standing Committee agreed. Wine 
asked if she would accept the call. 

"It came not only as a shock, but as 
a real challenge to know what to do," 
she recalled months later. She asked 
how long she had to decide. "Eighteen 
to twenty-four hours," Wine replied. 

She had held the position eight 
years before, presiding over the 
1 989 Annual Conference. Prior to 
that she served as chair of the Gen- 
eral Board. So she had been fully 
involved in the issues before; this 
time she would be thrust into the 
middle of things after having been 
away from denominational business 
for a number of years. 

What has changed? At that time 
the denomination was considering a 
major restructuring proposal; now it 
is implementing a different plan. 
"Many of the same issues that trou- 
bled us now troubled us then," she 
says. A global mission philosophy 
was debated then, was approved and 
revised twice since, and the issue is 
still hotly debated. "We were strug- 
gling financially then and we're 
struggling financially now. And the 
sexuality issue is still with us." 
Orlando was the site of Annual Con- 
ference when she was moderator 
before; this year Brethren will return 
to a bigger, busier Orlando. 

ve rather than they 

Elaine Sollenberger 
)ring us together 

Those may have been among the 
thoughts that went through her head 
when she was asked to serve. But ulti- 
mately her decision was simple. "It 
seemed any reason or excuse that I 
could come up with to say no — and 
there were a number of them — I could 
not defend any of them," Sollenberger 


means competition in which one 
person usually wins over another 
person. In the case of Annual Confer- 
ence officers, we start out with four 
candidates and then eliminate sev- 
enty-five percent of those people in 
order to get one that will serve. 1 just 
don't like the idea of making some 

I don't understand what really is 

meant by liberal and conservative 

/ do understa7id what 'we' and 'they' 
mean, and for me that's worse. " 

says. "Here was a serious illness that 
prevented somebody from doing 
something. Generally when you're 
asked to help someone in time of need 
or trouble, you say yes if you can." 

So she said yes, and felt pleased to 
have been asked. "It was certainly a 
very affirming time for me, to have 
this come to me in that way." 

Sollenberger has said for years 
that to be called by the church to 
serve feels much better than winning 
a contested election. " I have strong 
feelings about the way we call people 
to serve," she says. "An election 


moderators. Elaine 


became the first 

woman moderator 

in 1 989 when 

she succeeded 

Bill Hayes. 

people winners and others losers. It 
has diminished our leadership pool. 
It has denied many people with gifts 
of leadership the opportunity to use 
those, and for the church to benefit." 

Congregations ought to examine 
the issue too. "At the congregational 
level we sit with our friends and 
sometimes our relatives in a business 
meeting and with a few pencil strokes 
we eliminate or we affirm. When you 
get to a position through that process, 
do you rejoice? You want to because 
you want to serve. But in your rejoic- 
ing you're probably not thinking 
about the disappointment of someone 
else who probably would have done 
just as well but was not successful in 

January/February 1998 Messenger 15 

Interagency Forum: 

Can A^inual Conference 
become more of a hub? 

How do the various agencies of the denomination stay in touch with 
each other? And how has the General Board's redesign affected 

These are questions facing the Interagency Forum (lAF), a group begun in 
August of 1996 and given formal life by Standing Committee at last year's 
Annual Conference. The lAF is made up of the board chairs and CEO's of 
Brethren Benefit Trust, General Board, and Bethany Theological Seminary, 
plus the Annual Conference officers. 

"We just needed a formalized time to sit down and talk with each other," 
said former moderator David Wine, who called the group together the first 
time. He had noticed during his three years as chair of the General Board 
before being elected moderator-elect that the various groups had a "lack of 
trust and good solid communication." The lAF has met quarterly for a year 
and a half now, and has additional meetings scheduled for March and |une. 
Standing Committee designated the immediate past moderator to chair the 
group each year, so Wine serves in that capacity now. 

In addition to its job of aiding communication between groups, the lAF was 
given an assignment by Standing Committee: to report on how the General 
Board's redesign has affected agencies of the church other than the General 
Board, including the lAF members. "So this year we're looking at the organi- 
zational structures of the total church, not just the General Board," Wine said. 
"The General Board redesign is done. We're not redesigning that redesign by 
any means. But any time one organization redesigns itself, it has effects for 
many others. It's like a mobile hanging on the ceiling. If you move one part it 
moves all of them." The lAF intends to report its findings to Standing Com- 
mittee in Orlando next summer. 

"One of the things we feel, especially the Annual Conference officers, is that 
the General Board has downsized itself, and changed the position descriptions 
enough, particularly at the executive director level, that the General Board can 
no longer be the only unifed board of Annual Conference. It's more obvious 
now than it has ever been. There is a need for Annual Conference to become 
more of a hub or a center for the church." 

Wine said it is unclear how that might work because Annual Conference 
now has a modest budget and staff, geared primarily toward putting on the 
actual week-long conference each year. 

Perhaps church archives will be searched for answers. "We've moved back 
to a pre- 1946 model, where there are multiple boards of Annual Confer- 
ence," Wine said. "Now you have the possibility of ABC and OEPA and 
perhaps other agencies wanting to report to Conference as well. Everything 
we did prior to 1946 to make a change to one unified board is no longer 
there. That's clear. And yet it's not pre- 1 946 in terms of paradigms of soci- 
ety. So how does the church move in a concerted way in the midst of all 
these changes?" 

Stay tuned. -F.F. 

getting one more vote than you did." 

How would it work? Who decides 
who gets called? "It's not for me to 
design the process," she says, but it 
could work if the church diligently 
designed the process. "We have people 
who work at calling out four. Why not 
work at calling out one instead?" She 
agrees that mistakes could be made. 
Jesus called ludas after all. But mis- 
takes are made in elections too. 

As she said, she has strong feel- 
ings. Does that make her a radical? 
"I'd rather be labeled a radical than a 
conservative or a liberal," she said. 
She is frustrated by discussions in 
some parts of the church that divide 
people by means of labeling. "I don't 
understand what really is meant by 
liberal and conservative. I know what 
the perception is but I'm not sure 
about the real understanding." 

There are worse labels. "I do 
understand what 'we' and 'they' 
mean, and for me that's worse than 
liberal and conservative." Several 
times in the interview Sollenberger 
returned to this subject, as though 
her goal as moderator is to get more 
Brethren to talk about the larger 
church in terms of "we" rather than 
"they." When she addresses district 
conferences and "brings greetings" 
from the larger church, she explains 
she's really bringing them greetings 
from themselves. She wishes the 
polity that allows each church to 
have a voting delegate at Annual 
Conference would make more feel a 
part of the "we." "That just has not 
worked as well as it should I think." 

One of the challenges ahead is for 
the church to "deal creatively" with 
the redesigned General Board staff 
structure approved by Annual Confer- 
ence last year. She said so far there is 
more confusion about the redesign 
than criticism of it. "I think for the 
most part we're trying to work with 
it." At district conferences she has 
heard a lot of questions about the 
General Board's new congregational 

16 Messenger January/February 1998 

life teams. "We have not yet caught 
up with what it means for us." 

Is there any danger that the new 
congregational life teams will be 
oversold and unable to live up to 
their billing? "I'd rather over-expect 
than the opposite," Sollenberger 
replied. "We're grasping for some- 
thing. We tend to shrug off what we 
don't expect to be very useful." She 
said there is concern in several areas 

of the country about whether there 
will be enough congregational life 
staff positions to adequately cover 
the territory. 

The goal, she said, is "to get the 
congregations to feel that they are 
bigger than themselves or even their 
districts, that somehow we lift our 
vision beyond our own home base." 
She hopes to avoid the danger 
that many have perceived in the 

At home in Pennsylvania 

Soon after Elaine Sollenberger accepted an appointment 
to fill the unexpired term on the board of New Bedford 
(Pa.) county commissioners in 1995, she became 
involved in a smelly political battle. In a fight over control of a 
landfill, she became the swing vote to decide who would 
operate the regional garbage dump. There was a lot of politi- 
cal pressure from all sides, but her vote resulted eventually in 
successful reform of the facility. Now two years after her 
short stint on the board was completed, the county is selling 
the landfill to a private owner, which is what Sollenberger 
thought should happen all along. Sometimes it takes years to 
see the results of faithful work in public affairs. 

But successful reform on one project provides strength 
to plunge into the next controversy, as Sollenberger has 
done by accepting an appointment to the Bedford County 
(Pa.) Redevelopment Authority. That group is currently 
trying to save a historic hotel, an effort opposed by power- 
ful interests. "We're in litigation up to our ears," said 
Sollenberger. In fact, a judge has issued a gag order so no 
one involved can talk about the project. 

Whether leading the Church of the Brethren prepared 
her for Pennsylvania local politics, or vice versa, it is clear 
that Sollenberger has plenty of experience at the center of 
controversy. And that experience serves her well as the 
moderator of a contentious church. 

Strong support from her family and her congregation 
help her in her moderator role as well. She and her hus- 
band, Ray, are both semi-retired from the family dairy farm, 
which they operated together for many years and where 
they still live. The jersey dairy operation is now managed by 
daughter Lori Knepp, who currently serves as vice chair of 
the Church of the Brethren General Board and has served 
as acting chair during Chris Bowman's illness. Lori and her 
husband. Rex Knepp, a computer systems operator for a 
paving company, have one daughter, Morgan. Elaine's 
other daughter, Beth Sollenberger Morphew, lives in Elgin, 
111., where she serves on the General Board staff as a con- 

Elaine and Ray 
Sollenberger 1/7 

their home chiireh. 

the Everett (Pa.) 

Church of the 

Brethren. The 

congregation has 

been "extremely 

supportive. " 

gregational life team coordinator. She and her husband, 
Tim, a personnel outplacement counselor, have two chil- 
dren, Keith and Craig. The Sollenbergers' son, Leon, 
moved last summer from Pennsylvania to Hawaii, where he 
is pioneering a corn silage growing operation on the island 
of Oahu. He hopes to cut down on the amount of feed 
needed to be imported for feeding Hawaii dairy herds. 

It is a remarkable family that provides three women to top 
leadership positions in the denomination at the same time. 
"I'm pleased about all of that," says the mother and modera- 
tor. "But we would never have put this together in this way." 
She says the three have worked to keep their areas of church 
responsibility separate from family affairs. "Nobody would 
have planned this in their best or worst moments." 

About five miles from the farm is the Everett Church of the 
Brethren, where the Sollenbergers worship with about 200 
others, and where Elaine has been active as an adult Sunday 
school teacher and a music leader. Both times Elaine Sollen- 
berger has been moderator, in 1989 and this year, her home 
congregation has made deliberate efforts to support her — by 
signing up to pray for her a week at a time and by providing 
space in the newsletter for news of her travels. "They stop me 
and ask me how things are going, where I'll be next," she 
said. "They're very much interested and extremely support- 
ive." How does being moderator affect her attendance at her 
home church? "If they kept attendance I'd be out."-F.F. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 17 

redesigned church structure — that it 
will mean congregations will turn 
inward and forget about the world 
beyond. "Our leadership is going to 
have to help us to see ourselves as 
part of the global community." She 
said some congregations already 
have a global vision and some are 
involved in urban ministries. "Yet as 
a denomination we have not seemed 
to do as well with that as we had 
expected we would." 

is there a new role ahead for 
Annual Conference as an institution? 
Might that body take on a larger role 

Buried treasure 

The Bible school lesson for kindergartners at the High- 
land Avenue Church of the Brethren in Elgin was the 
parable of the buried treasure in Matthew. 

After the story, the children eagerly dug through a big 
bucket of sand to find small toys the teacher had buried 
for them. Then they filed to a sink in the hall to wash 
their hands before having a snack. 

While i was turning on and off the water and dispensing 
paper towels to the happy, dirty crew, 6-year-old Stephanie 
gave a determined yank on my shirttail. I looked down to see 
her standing silently beside me trying to draw a breath and 
making panicked gestures. She couldn't breathe. 1 called for 

in the day-to-day activities and oper- 
ations of the denomination? 

Sollenberger says she is "interested 
in the conversations" regarding a 
larger role for Annual Conference, but 
she sees practical difficulties. Would 
the moderator be given more to do? 
"I don't know how I'd handle that 
much more." Would an expanded role 
rule out having a moderator who has 
full-time employment?, she asks. 
Would Standing Committee need to 
meet two or three times a year? How 
much would that cost? 

As she does with other questions 

Symposium on Korea. Sollenberger 
with moderator-elect Lowell Flory 
at the December 1997 symposium 
she called to air differences on 
global mission philosphy. 

facing the church, Sollenberger will 
willingly plunge into the middle of the 
problem and try to figure out what 
God wants done. The focus of Annual 
Conference 1998 is faithfulness, cen- 
tering on Hebrews 1 1, which recalls 
the biblical figures whose faith shaped 
history. She's hoping the theme will 
challenge the church to faithfully 
plunge ahead together. 

She recalls the Greek mythological 
figure of Sisyphus, who was doomed 
forever to roll a heavy stone uphill, 
only to have it always roll back down. 
"There are times when I think that's 
what happens to us in the church. 
Somebody gets a good forward-look- 
ing idea and gets this rock moving 
up the hill. Then he or she is labeled 
as a liberal and it rolls back downhill. 
I would hope we could just become 
more able to accept each other as we 
are and let some of these rocks r-^^ 
get to the top." \^' 

Mike, the other adult helper, who immediately scooped 
Stephanie up in his great big arms and squeezed her several 
times in the middle. His modified Heimlich maneuver was 
gentle enough to keep from crushing her ribs, but strong 
enough to dislodge the obstruction in her throat. 

When the air rushed in, Stephanie looked up at us with 
big tears and said, "My quarter!" She had swallowed the 
little offering she brought for Bible school! No matter, said 
the doctor in the emergency room later. He assured her she 
would eventually find her "buried treasure." — |ulie Career 

Messenger would tike to publish other short, colorful, anel humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Messenger, Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at 

18 Messenger January/February 1998 


Or iust us.> 

Another way of living in solidarity with the poor 

/ offer the following possible 
implications of a life lived with 
a fuller view of God's blessing. 
I intend for these to be read as 
food for thought and not as 
a recipe for faithful living. 


People around the world are remarkably similar, 
given the wide range of colors and shiapes we come 
in. People everywhere enjoy laughter and play, 
respond to ritual and rhyme, and are generally willing to 
put in a decent day's labor. Yet there are wide disparities 
in the way people in different places are able to enjoy life 
or be rewarded by their work. Indeed, a vast number of 
the world's people struggle to survive, living without 
access to adequate food, water, medical care, education, 
and just about anything else beyond life itself. For many, 
even this precious commodity is at risk, as some 55,000 
children die each day around the world from hunger- 
related causes. Countless others have so little of the 
earth's goods at their disposal that they are consigned to 

Children are among those most directly affected by the 

concentration of the world's wealth in the hands of a few. 
Some 250 million children aronnd the globe work for a 
living in fields and along roads and in factories, often for a 
few cents a day. Education is a lu.xury many cannot afford. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 19 

Some one billion of the world's 
nearly six billion people live 
on less than a dollar a day. 

Feeling the pinch, this Guatemala 
family needed to sell its newly 
acquired hogs. "There is not 
enough grain for both the 
children and the pigs, " the father 
lamented. How can you get 
ahead if you can '/ catch up? 

endless routines whose only objective is to simply ensure 
survival for another day. 

In the meantime, other people on this same planet 
enjoy lives of luxury unimaginable to their less fortunate 
neighbors. Each of the world's upper class consumes 60- 
100 times more material goods than those in the survival 
class. They can expect to live 15-20 years longer. Their 
children are 10 times more likely to survive childhood. 
While in many places medical care is still not universally 
offered, for most in the upper class it is state-of-the-art. 
For significant numbers of these privileged ones, the 
struggle is not for adequate food, but for restraint from 
consuming too much. Meanwhile, as much as 30 percent 
of their food production is wasted in the field, in storage, 
or as garbage. 

Those of us in the Christian tradition affirm that God 
created the earth and its bounty. In a previous article [See 
"lohnny Appleseed got it wrong," November 1997], I 
suggested that this bounty was intended to be shared by 
the earth's people, enabling them to live in fullness and 
health. Indeed, we can turn to biblical institutions such as 
the Sabbath year and the jubilee year to point us in this 
direction. The Sabbath year reminds us that the earth 
itself is not to be taxed beyond replenishment, and should 
have a periodic reprieve from humanity's relentless con- 
sumption. The jubilee year was provided to assure that 
the earth's sustenance was not effectively hoarded by the 
fortunate or the few — or even the economically astute. 

Other biblical texts likewise press the faith community to 
share the blessing and to refrain from over-accumulation. 
Manna provided sustenance for each according to their 
need. People without means of support — widows, orphans, 
strangers — were to be provided for by the community in 
which they reside. And everyone, from members of the faith 
community to poor non-believing neighbors, was to be 
treated with justice and compassion in economic dealings. 

lesus's own teachings resonate with these themes, 
adding to them the call to sacrificial love for others, his 
own example of deep concern for people's physical and 
social well-being, an overall warning about the lure of 
material prosperity, and the longing for God's kingdom 
to come "on earth as it is in heaven." 

How, then, has the earth been apportioned in the way 
that it has? In the earlier article, I proposed that our 
understanding of the nature of blessing was at least in 
part responsible. If we begin to understand God's bless- 
ing in a different way — as intended for all people — what 
then does this mean in day to day life? 

Generally, I tend to shy away from such prescriptions, 
as I believe is the case in the scriptures in general, and 
particularly the New Testament. Our daily dealings spring 
from our deeper commitments to Christ as Lord and 
Savior. I likewise don't readily fall in behind those who 
claim to be able to derive sets of "biblical principles" that 
hold true for all time's sake. Our faith — and the work of 
the Spirit — seems much too dynamic for this. 

20 Messenger January/February 1998 

LooI{ for the path of least impact 
in any daily action. How can tve do 
tuhat we do with the least negative 
consequence for God's earth and its 
ability to sustain humankjnd? 

Nevertheless, I offer the following possible implica- 
tions of a life lived with this fuller view of God's blessing. 
I intend for these to be read as food for thought and not 
as a recipe for faithful living. 

What's fair is fair. I often wonder what "my fair 
share" of the earth's bounty is. If the earth can only pro- 
vide so much sustenance for its human residents, are we 
willing to live within our quota? For example, the total 
amount of available productive land in the world comes 
out to about 3 acres per person. Yet an average of 10 
acres per person is required to support the lifestyle of the 
typical US citizen. Could my family live on our fair share 
of the earth's productive capacity? Who is doing with less 
so that we can enjoy more? 

Enough is enough. Along with everyone else in 
our society. Christians can be lured into a consuming 
frenzy by wily advertisers. And most of us tend to spend 
just about — or just beyond — what our income allows. Do 
we have the spiritual discipline to live beneath our means 
and to turn away from the false promise of the "things 
equal happiness" equation? There is a true sense of liber- 
ation in being able to peruse a sales flyer and find nothing 
of interest. How often are we able to do this? 

Question prosperity. When we find ourselves in 
a significantly privileged position relative to the world 
around us, we must be willing to ask why. For instance, 
when the stock market booms, it usually means that the 
corporate profit picture looks good. Why is this? Sweat- 
shop laborers in another country? More layoffs at home? 
More efficient extraction of the earth's bounty? Military 
support of authoritarian regimes that keep their workers 
from seeking higher wages? And when our fields continue 
to bear bountifully, is it due to our wise stewardship of the 
soil, or from over dependence on chemical fertilizers and 
other practices that are not sustainable over the long 
term? It is difficult to question one's own prosperity. 

Think ahead. What will be the impact of our con- 
sumption on our children and our children's children? Do 
we care if the earth someday buckles under the weight of 

our polluting and consuming ways? Will each of us depart 
this earth with a net deficit — having used much more than 
our share, while having done too httle to replenish? Or are 
we taking care to leave as a legacy an earth with no less 
bounty than we inherited from our ancestors? 

Less is more. Look for the path of least impact in 
any daily action. How can we do what we do with the 
least negative consequence for God's earth and its ability 
to sustain humankind? It's in the small things that the 
battle is joined — the car, the thermostat, the thrown-away 
bottle, the thoughtless purchase. 

Get involved. There are ways to actively work to 
see that God's blessing is shared far and wide — which is 
how 1 believe God wants it to be. In our own church, 
programs are in place that provide economic opportuni- 
ties for people in poverty, assist in restoring the 
environment, advocate for fairer laws and government 
policies, and proclaim the gospel of justice and peace. 
Join these efforts. 

Stand alone together. While we pride ourselves 
on individuality, we constantly seek the affirmation of the 
crowd. Living a different way will set us at odds with 
society, both inwardly and outwardly. This, however, is 
the price that needs to be paid if we are to strike out in a 
different direction. The beauty of Christian community is 
that if we do this together, we are not by ourselves when 
we stand alone. 

Stop, look, and listen. Remember that in the 
end our lives are not sustained by our constant pursuit 
of prosperity. Indeed, our faith tells us that this is 
almost certain to do our lives in — and adversely 
affects the lives of many others. God provides. We 
must take time to reflect on this provision, and live 
like we believe it. There is joy and satisfaction for 
those who do. And the opportunity for God's blessing 
to be extended to the far reaches of the earth, 
which is right where it belongs. 


David RadcUffis director of Brethren Witness on the General Board staff. 
January/February 1998 Messenger 21 


for the midclle-class malaise 

A new boo\ says church financial problems are linked 
to its overworked, stressed-out members 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

The Crisis in the Churches: Spiritual Malaise, 
Fiscal Woe, by Robert Wuthnow, Oxford 
University Press, 1997, 291 pages. $30. 

^^ t last October's General 
J^^ Board meeting, a budget- 
/ ' weary board member mused 
aloud: "Wouldn't it be great if we 
had a new program like Adventure in 
Mission?" She acknowledged she 
was too young to have actually expe- 

22 Messenger January/February 1998 

rienced the program but she'd heard 
such good things about it. Some of 
us in the room who had joined in 
that 'Adventure" nodded in agree- 
ment. Yes, it would be great. Because 
Adventure in Mission wasn't about 
fundraising. It was about steward- 
ship, about giving, about changing 
our lives. 

A new book by Robert Wuthnow, 
sociologist at Princeton University, 
similarly urges churches to keep the 
stewardship message alive, not just for 

the benefit of the institution of the 
church which needs the money, but 
also, even primarily, for the benefit of 
its members who need to give. The 
Crisis in the Churches: Spiritual 
Malaise. Fiscal Woe is not alone in 
tracing the roots of church financial 
difficulties to spiritual problems. But in 
this analysis, the root spiritual problem 
is not that the church has gone astray 
by leaning left or right or endorsing 
some unpopular cause. The spiritual 
problems are rather with middle-class 


church members who feel trapped in a 
materialistic lifestyle with stressful jobs 
and too many bills to pay. 

The problem facing churches 

Even though a noticeable few 
churches seem to be thriving, the 
overall economic condition of 
churches is dismal. According to 
Wuthnow, "churches are experienc- 
ing an unparalleled economic crisis." 
Revenues are dropping off, especially 
when giving is adjusted for inflation 
or considered in relation to family 
incomes. A Champaign, 111., group 
called Empty Tomb reports that reli- 
gious giving as a percentage of 
family income has been on a down- 
ward course for the past two 
decades, dropping from an average 
of 3.1 percent in the late 1960s to 
2.5 percent in the early 1990s. They 
say this represents a loss of approxi- 
mately $2.8 billion annually. 

The percentages of income that 
people give are declining at a time 
when family incomes are no longer 
growing. There are fewer and fewer 
members of churches. And the 
church population is aging, meaning 
there are more and more retired 
people, more fixed incomes, and 
fewer people giving at the same levels 
they did before. 

So the local church suffers. 
Salaries and building costs are 
always under pressure. Cost-cutting 
measures are implemented, resulting 
in lowered morale among members 
and staff. And denominational pro- 
grams suffer too. Not just with the 
Church of the Brethren, but in other 
denominations as well, more money 
is being kept at the local level so it's 
not getting to the national church. 

But in addition to making the 
case that the economic crisis facing 

\he number 
one problem 

fa ci ng ch u rch es 
in America 
today is not 
poverty but 
We are poor 

because we have 
so much. 

churches is serious and growing, 
the author lays out some intriguing 
and hopeful potential solutions to 
the problem. 

The problem is with 
the middle class 

We know that the economy is grow- 
ing. And we have a strong sense that 
our own church members have 
enough money on hand to make 
churches grow and thrive if they 
would only fork it over. So we begin 
to ask why people don't give more 
than they do. One frustrated pastor 
is quoted here complaining that his 
middle-class congregation didn't feel 
motivated to give to the poor because 
they think they are the poor. 

In a way he's right. It has been said 
that the number one problem facing 
churches in America today is not 
poverty but affluence. We are poor 
because we have so much. 
"Affluenza" is the spiritual disease 
that affects us all in strange ways, 

while most of us don't know we have 
it. This is not to say we are fabu- 
lously wealthy. The majority of 
church members in America today 
belong to the middle class. The 
median household income for church 
members is about $45,000. which 
is probably enough to satisfy most 
families' needs and still leave enough 
room for donations to charity. 

But to get this $45,000 many 
church members experience extraor- 
dinary demands on their time and 
money. Two-thirds of all church 
members who are employed work 
more than 40 hours a week. Most of 
them say they have little or no energy 
left over for other things when they 
come home from work. The jobs they 
spend all that time at are not so great 
either. About a third say they are dis- 
satisfied with their jobs. About half 
complain of high pressure, extreme 
competition, or lack of opportunities 
for advancement. More than half say 
they experience significant amounts 
of stress on the job. 

And stress at home. The reason so 
many keep those jobs they don't like 
is because they have too many bills to 
pay. Seventy percent of employed 
church members say they have wor- 
ried in the past year about how to 
pay their bills. Virtually all church 
members admit to wishing they had 
more money. And more time. 

It is a real dilemma. We know as 
members of the middle class we enjoy 
tremendous resources. We have edu- 
cation, jobs, nice houses, plenty of 
food, good schools for our kids, and 
freedom from fear and violence. But at 
the same time we feel overburdened 
with too much work and too many 
bills. We suffer from stress and anxi- 
ety. We wonder what is wrong. 
Sometimes, though not often, we may 
even turn to our churches for answers. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 23 


What the churches 
are saying about work 

According to this study, most churches 
and most pastors don't feel adequate or 
comfortable addressing the economic 
part of our lives. So they say little about 
work or money. And that's just fine 
with many of us, who don't want our 
pastors to meddle in our financial 
affairs. We may report at church the 
details of our upcoming surgery, but if 
we're worried about losing our jobs or 
paying our bills we keep quiet because 
we feel we're supposed to have such 
things under control. 

Pastors may have a sense that not all 
is well at work. So they preach about 
work, but do so in confusing and con- 
flicting ways. They sometimes 
emphasize the work ethic, and remind 
us that God expects us to have a high 
level of commitment to our work. From 
this we get the idea that God loves us 
more if we work hard. And then pastors 
emphasize happiness, that God wants 
us to be happy in all that we do. The 
dual messages of commitment and 
happiness may not seem contradictory 
until they are heard by somebody who 
is already experiencing stress and 
burnout on the job. Does God want me 
to be committed to my work? Or does 
God want me to be happy? 

Wuthnow says few pastors preach 
about the idea of calling or vocation. 
But this may be the key to a spiritual 
understanding of how work can 
become more satisfying. Churches 
can help us understand how our work 
can be our ministry, and that our 
work can help the poor, or contribute 
to the benefit of the environment, or 
alleviate suffering. To the extent that 
God's work can become our work, 
then our forty or fifty hours a week on 
the job can become more satisfying. 

What the churches 
are saying about money 

Clergy often get in trouble when they 
talk about money. So pastors tend to 
shy away from it. or mention it indi- 
rectly, or in conjunction with other less 

'e have education, 

jobs, nice houses, 

plenty of food, good 

schools for our 

}{ids, and freedom 

from fear and 

violence. But at the 

same time tve feel 

overburdened ivith 

too much work^ and 

too many bills. 

painful subjects. We are used to hear- 
ing things like, "Remember, God wants 
us to give of our time, talents, and 
resources." When our pastors do get 
around to talking about stewardship, it 
is indirect. "We are called to be faithful 
stewards of all of God's creation." 

Now what exactly does that mean? 
It is understandable that parishioners 
might not catch on that the pastor is 
really trying to say, "We need you to 
put more money in the plate." The 
author makes a case for pastors to be 
more direct and explicit. But he is not 
calling for more explicit pleas for 
money so much as he is asking pastors 
to think clearly and talk frankly about 
the role of money and the concept of 
stewardship. They must realize that 
money is not only the solution, it is the 
problem as well. Only by seriously 
addressing the role of money in our 
lives can we gain the freedom and 
security to give freely. 

When churches do get around to 
asking parishioners for money, it is 
sometimes put in terms that we 
should give out of gratitude for our 
abundance and our blessings. But 

that often doesn't connect with the 
congregation because many are up to 
their ears in credit card debt and 
don't feel abundant or blessed. Debt 
and other financial difficulties are 
spiritual problems of the middle class 
and must be addressed before people 
can feel free to give. 

So how do churches do this? 
Several suggestions are offered. 

1. By discussing stewardship more, 
not less. Stewardship implies "bal- 
ance" in our lives. There was a 
time in American history when 
temperance and moderation were 
common watchwords of the reli- 
gious community. It's time to 
bring them back. 

2. By challenging the prevailing ide- 
ology of self-interest. The church 
may teach that we should moder- 
ate our personal desires and be 
generous because all we have is a 
gift from God. 

3. By teaching financial responsibility. 
We can encourage each other to be 
prudent and keep track of God's 
resources that are entrusted to us. 

4. By challenging the gospel of 
wealth. In subtle ways many of us 
subconsciously believe that the 
haves are better than the have- 
nots. One thing likely to make the 
church half as large yet twice as 
strong would be taking a harder 
look at the gospel of wealth. 

5. By playing a pastoral role on con- 
cerns about money. Churches can 
be the source for support groups 
on unemployment, study groups 
on simple living, or seminars on 
financial concerns. 

This author contends that by tackling 
money issues and money problems 
head-on churches can help their parish- 
ioners to be better givers. The idea is 
that becoming a better giver is a way to 
become a better person, not just a way 
to meet the church budget. Giving is an 
alternative to materialism and con- 

24 Messenger January/February 1998 


sumerism. It combats selfishness. 

It is important to include in the 
message that giving doesn't make you 
a richer person, although some pas- 
tors preach that it does. The author 
quotes one pastor as saying if you 
shovel your wealth to God, God will 
shovel it back except he'll use a larger 
shovel. Another says it is more prof- 
itable to give than to receive. But this 
is dangerous doctrine, and implies a 
selfish motive for giving. The better 
message is that giving won't make 
you financially better off. If you give 
money, you have less money, but you 
have more of other forms of blessing. 

Nor is giving always fun. God loves 
a cheerful giver, but if you wait for 
cheerfulness you'll only give when 
you're having a good day. Giving is a 
form of spiritual discipline. It requires 
effort and must be based on commit- 
ment. It is hard work. But it is also a 
matter of grace. It happens because of 
divine empowerment that facilitates 
and enriches the experience of giving. 

Strategies for survival 

The author is not suggesting minister- 
ing to the middle class as a neat 
fundraising trick. He is rather calling 
the churches to be faithful to their 
own members who are suffering 
greatly from serious pressures of 
flabby middle-class life. Churches 


'hiirches must 

help their members 

to understand their 

work^ as ministry, 

to cope with stress 

and burnout, 

to keep their 

priorities straight, 

and to manage 

their resources with 

greater care. 

must help their members to under- 
stand their work as ministry, to cope 
with stress and burnout, to keep their 
priorities straight, and to manage their 
resources with greater care. How we 
work and how we spend our money 
are serious moral issues on which the 
churches are often silent, and for this 
silence Wuthnow reserves his harshest 
criticism. "Clergy are reluctant to say 

Pot pies 

much about anything for fear of 
offending or for fear of appearing 
stupid. People come away from their 
sermons as they might from a lecture 
on molecular biology-uplifted for 
having been exposed to something 
that makes no difference." By failing 
to address these issues, the church is 
doing little more than "making sin 
comfortable," he writes. He quotes a 
pastor: "Sin has a way of dulling our 
senses, and the church is interested in 
keeping its patrons coming and giving 
their money rather than calling them 
to holiness, calling them to reality, 
calling them to the fact that we wor- 
ship a crucified God and not some 
superhero, and that there's a cost to 
discipleship, there's a cost to grace." 

He concludes that now is the time 
for churches to challenge young 
people to choose careers that will 
serve God and help other people 
rather than merely pay high 
salaries. And that churches should 
challenge the ethics of those who 
make large sums of money selling 
things that the public doesn't need 
or that harm the environment. 
Churches should help their mem- 
bers with the problem of juggling 
work and family commitments. The 
church, in short, has an obligation 
to challenge the middle class to lead 
unconventional lives of dedica- r-jnr] 
tion, service, and sacrifice. r*^! 

A spirit of generosity pervades the annual Disaster Relief 
Auction in Lebanon, Pa., which benefits the General 
Board's Emergency Disaster Fund and other regional 
organizations. It was held Sept. 26-27 at the Lebanon 
Area Fairgrounds. Last fall this auction spirit was best 
summed up by . . . pot pies. 

An unidentified woman attending the auction with 
some friends had stood in a food line for herself and for 
those in her party. After a long wait, the woman finally 
got to the front of the line, and her food of choice — pot 
pies — was handed to her on a tray. 

As she went to her seat, Dave Buckwalter, a local auc- 

tioneer who was auctioning on stage at the time, saw those 
pies pass by on their way to be devoured. In front of every- 
one, he asked if he could have a little for himself. 

"You wouldn't have asked that if you knew how long 1 
stood in line for these pies," she replied. 

"If you stood in line that long," Buckwalter reasoned, 
"then they must be worth something." 

Without hesitation, he began auctioning off the entire 
tray. Two hundred and eighty dollars later, the woman's 
place back in that food line was ensured! — Nevin Dulabaum 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Messenger, Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at 

January/February 1998 Messenger 25 

My prayer promise 

BY David Wine 

David Wine of Abilene, Kan., served as 
Church of the Brethren Annual Confer- 
ence moderator from 1 996 to 1 997. 
Following his consecration service at 
the Cincinnati Annual Conference in 
July 1996, Wine addressed conference- 
goers. During that speech he vowed to 
pray an hour a day, a day a month, a 
week a year, and he challenged confer- 
encegoers to join him. 

So how did It go? Wine explains: 

In 1990, while undergoing a 
challenging period of time in my 
vocational life, I picked up a 
copy of Richard Foster's book Cele- 
bration of Discipline, a book 1 keep 
turning back to time and time again. 
The book challenged me to do more 
— much more — in the way ol prayer, 
meditation, Bible study and practic- 
ing other Christian disciplines. I 
resolved to start practicing the spiri- 
tual disciplines in a new and 
concerted way. 

26 Messenger January/February 1998 

Prayer is a mighty force 
because it connects lis in new 
ways so that God becomes our 
frien d and pa ren t, ra th er th a n 
a theory or concept. 

I decided to covenant to be in 
prayer and communion with God an 
hour a day, a day a month, and a 
week a year. Consequently, my call 
for the Church of the Brethren mem- 
bership to join me in that discipline 
last year was simply a continuation 
for me of a discipline 1 had been 
practicing for several years already. 
Its impact on my life encouraged me 
to want others to experience what I 
had discovered. 

People often ask, "How have you 
done? Are you really able to do 
that?" I must respond yes and no. 

Yes, I have stayed with the covenant 
and 1 have been mostly successful at 
averaging the time committed. But 
do I miss a day or days? Surely! 
But, more importantly, I am also 
trying harder to live a life advocated 
by Brother Lawrence of being in the 
presence of God on a continual 
basis rather than only at set-aside 
times. I have discovered that is even 
more difficult! 

You see, part of the reason I made 
the covenant with myself is that I am 
a spiritual babe. I need the discipline 
of set-aside time in order to stay in 

communion with God. If I were more 
mature I would seek tiie goal of 
Brother Lawrence and make my con- 
versations and presence with God a 
continual dimension of my life, not 
one that needed only set-aside time 
to achieve. I am working at making 
the times of prayer in my life no dif- 
ferent in many respects from the 
other times of my life — all should be 
dedicated to God. 

A second question often asked by 
Brethren this past year to me is 
"What difference has it made in your 
life?" My response is an immense 
one, but one that is more noticed in 
my inner life than recognized by 
others. I have, of course, told others 
that my family notices, and they do. I 
am nicer, calmer, more sensitive, 
better able to deal with the myriad 
"crises" that erupt from time to time. 
It might better be said my family can 
tell when I've neglected my spiritual 
life! The same could be said about 
my Mutual Aid Association office 
"family" as well. 

Brother Lawrence wrote, "There is 
not in the world a kind of life more 
sweet and delightful, than that of a 
continual conversation with God. 
Were I a preacher, I should above all 

other things preach the practice of 
the presence of God." I can't think 
of a better way to describe another 
result of a deeper prayer life. One 
begins to see things from God's 
point of view rather than our own. 
The world's viewpoint seems less 
attractive and often worldly matters 
almost seem repulsive to me when 
I'm doing my best at practicing the 
presence of God. 

Some of the results of my focus on 
prayer life have been the following: 

• I become slower to react 
defensively or angrily. 

• I am more ready to forgive. 

• I am better able to understand 
the radical nature of the gospel 
of Jesus Christ — otherwise it 
does seem as foolishness. 

• Prayer helps convince me of 
God's existence and Christ's 

• Prayer has made me more 
sensitive to others and the 
need to live in community. 

• During prayer, God's creation 
almost burns in ecstasy at times! 

• Prayer helps prioritize what 
really matters in life! 

• Prayer helps make me a more 
sensitive husband, father, and 

This journey has also made me very 
aware that I knew a whole lot about 
God but that was much different than 
knowing God! We often confuse our 
God-talk and God-knowledge with 
faithfulness. Nothing could be further 
from the truth. Indeed, |esus con- 
demned the religious leaders who 
knew all the law to the smallest detail 
yet failed to see its application in 
their daily lives. 

We often succumb to the same 
trap. We study Christian doctrine, 
know what the scriptures say, and 
yet God remains distant and 
unreachable. We confuse knowledge 
with knowing. Knowing comes only 
through relationship, and relation- 
ship comes from conversation and 
listening. We have to know someone 
before we can love that person. 
Prayer is a mighty force because it 
connects us in new ways so that God 


becomes our friend and parent, 
rather than a theory or concept. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 27 


"I commend the Messenger editor for his excellent 
November editorial concerning the Redesign Program 
and I regret that, come December, Kermon 
Thomasson's editorials will be coming to an end." 

Glitches building a church 

I commend the Messenger editor for 
his excellent November editorial con- 
cerning the Redesign Program and I 
regret that, come December. Kermon 
Thomasson's editorials will be 
coming to an end. As the mortician 
said to his departing assistant, "Good 
luck in whatever you may undertake." 
Redesign of an organization can be 
done for many reasons, some of them 
good, some not so good. But it seems 
to me that a money crunch, such as 
our own, has got to be among the 
best of circumstances in which any 
organization can undergo redesign. A 
clear purpose for change (lack of 

From the 
On Earth Peace Assembly 

Program Coordinator/ 
Development Associate 

Church of the Brethren peace education 
organization located at the Brethren 
Service Center in New Windsor, Md., 
is seeking a full-time Program Coordi- 
nator/Development Associate to begin 
work on Sept. I. 1998. Responsibilities 
include carrying out OEPA's Peace 
Academy, Conllict Resolution Teams, 
Summer Peace Camp, Winter Inter- 
Term, and other peace education 
programs, as well as assisting with 
ongoing fund raising efforts. 


Bachelor's degree required. Some 
theological and program management 
experience preferred. E.xperience with 
computers, conflict resolution, medi- 
ation, and acceptance of the 
scriptural basis of biblical peacemak- 
ing strongly preferred. 

Letters of application, resume, and 
three references must be sent b\ Marcli 
51 to: Tom Hurst. OEPA. PC Box 
188. New Windsor. MD 21 776-0188. 

money) is the best morale-booster 
available, for those who are required 
to live through the temporary chaos, 

I see cause for concern, however, 
regarding our expectations for the 
reorganization plan. Some of these 
may be unreasonable. Will a new 
denominational structure lead to 
spiritual renewal? Not in and of 
itself. Or will our denomination be 
destroyed? Almost certainly not. 

One certainty is that there will be 
some "glitches." When I was still a 
preschooler, my father pastored a con- 
gregation that built a new church 
building. The architect didn't run any 
heat to the nursery. He thought that, 
with heated rooms on all sides the nurs- 
ery would stay warm. He was wrong. 

But despite months of building 
committee meetings, at which the 
blueprints were repeatedly discussed, 
nobody ever noticed the problem 
until the new church was actually 
built and the nursery got cold. 

Three steps toward a better world 

STEP 1 : Pick one of the statements below 

• I will write or call for my BVS 
application today. 

• I will talk with about 

BVS and challenge them to apply. 

• I will learn more about BVS by get- 
ting inforination about the program 
and then will share my new know- 
ledge with at least one other person. 

STEP 2: Say it out loud, preferably to 
another person. 


For more information or an application 
form contact llie Brelltren Volunteer Ser- 
vice Office. (SOO)323-S039. 

Nobody is perfect. No one can 
always think of everything, because 
some problems remain hidden until 
other changes start to be made. Luck- 
ily, though, it is always much cheaper 
to fix "glitches" in a reorganization 
plan than to remodel a building. 

Bill Bowser 
Martinsbiirg. Pa. 

More on Johnny Appleseed 

I want to thank Kermon Thomasson 
and David Radcliff for their attention 
to lohnny Appleseed in the Novem- 
ber Messenger [See "Johnny 
Appleseed got it wrong"]. 

The Messenger arrived as I was 
trying to come up with a creative 
approach to an interfaith sermon I 
had been invited to preach for a com- 
munity Thanksgiving service. After I 
read the November Messenger, 
lohnny Appleseed emerged as the 
central character of my sermon, not 
simply because "he got it wrong," but 
also because he got it right. 

The "Johnny Appleseed Song" indeed 
affirms that it is the Lord who gives, yet 
this prayer-song ends oddly, even 
heretically! It ends not in the name of 
Lord Krishna or Lord |esus. nor even in 
the name of Yahweh or Allah, but in the 
name of "lohnny Appleseed. Amen!" It 
ends in the name of a religious minori- 
tarian, a dissenter and a heretic whose 
unorthodox work of planting apple 
trees contributed to the common good, 
reminding us that it is in the end "With 
Many Voices a Common Thanks." 

Scott Holland. Pastor 
Moinveville (Pa.) Church of the Brethren 

Don't donate for killing 

How can I work for peace if I pay for 
war? Is paying for murder less evil 
than pulling the trigger myself? 
Millions of Vietnamese, Cambodians, 
Laotians, Japanese, Salvadorans, 
Iraqis, Koreans, and Germans begged 
their gods to protect them as US 
bombers destroyed their homes and 
massacred their families. Some of the 
victims prayed to |esus. Their tears and 

28 Messenger January/February 1998 

blood flowed amid their screams and 
moans while "Christians" in the United 
States paid taxes to build and fly the 
US bombers and sang every Sunday 
about God's love for all people. 

The US military robs, tortures, ter- 
rorizes, and kills far more people 
than all the US street gangs, armed 
robbers, drug dealers, serial killers, 
and Mafia combined. 

If someone comes to my door col- 
lecting money for a local gang to rob 
and kill my neighbors, would I 
donate? Would I donate even a dollar 
if I knew any of the money collected 
went to kill my neighbors — no matter 
if the rest of it went to feed the home- 
! less and to build schools? 

I keep my taxable income under the 
taxable level. For a sighted, single person 
under 65, the taxable level for 1 997 is 
$6,800. 1 lived well in 1 996 on $5,700. 

1 am glad to have no car, no big 
apartment or house, no luxury vaca- 
tions in order to live under the taxable 
level. 1 prize living the truth as best I 
! see it far more than I value unneces- 
sary things. In order for the US to 
plunder and to massacre, two things 
are required from many citizens — 
silence and paying taxes. For 18 years 
I have paid no federal income tax and 
I sure as hell am not silent! 

Don Sell racier 
Albuquerque. N.M. 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontiiii Puddle" from Messenger to 
Joel Kauffmann, III Carter Road, Goshen, IN 46526. $25 for one 
time uie. $10 for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 


Community Church of the Brethren 
1 1 1 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602) 357-981 1 

Sunday Services 10:15 AM 

Glendale Church of the Brethren 
7238 N. 61st Avenue 
Glendale, AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 

Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602) 955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520) 327-5106 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 


WITH ftWtNTv«,t 


u o 


Classified Ads 


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Cruise the waterways of Russia from .Moscow to 
St. Petersburg. The tour ( l4 days) leaves Washington. 
D.C. (Dulles Intnl. Airport) on Sept. 4, 1998. An attrac- 
tive price is available. For details contact the tour host, 
Dr. Wayne F. Geisert, President Emeritus, Box 40. 
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Travel with a purpose. Missionary journeys of St. 
?Mi. TrRKEY, 6i Greece, Mar. 19-Apr 3, 1998. $2,899. 
For info, write Wendell & Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal 
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Cruise the Russia.n \x:wer\v.«s, Aug. 7-23, 1998. From 
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Visit Spain and Portugal. May 29-June 4, 1998. Bus 
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Granada, Toledo, Rock of Gibraltar, Fatima, and World 
Expo '98 in Lisbon. For more info, wTite: J. Kenneth 
Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Rd., Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 


Cincinnati Church of the Brethren fellowship 

meets for worship & support in n,e. area of Cincin- 
nati. We welcome others to join us or bring needs to 
our attention. Contact us c/o Cincinnati Friends Meet- 
ing House, 8075 Keller Rd.. Indian Hill. OH 4S243. Tel. 
(s'l3) 956-^^33, 

Come worship in the Valley of the Sun with Com- 
munity Church of the Brethren at 111 N, Sunvalley 
Blvd., Mesa, AZ 86207. Mail to: 8343 E. Emelita Ave,, 
Mesa, AZ 85208, Tel, (602) 357-9811, 

Coming to Florida this winter? Come to Braden- 
ton-Sarasota area. Good Shepherd Chiu'ch of the 
Brethren invites you to share great worship celebra- 
tions, Sunday school, Saints Alive, Brethren bowling 
league, arts and crafts, quilting, tour groups, & great 
fellowship meals. Contact pastor Don White at (941) 
792-9317 or 758-0988. 


Vice President for Student Life. Goshen College 
seeks applicants for Vice President for Student Life 
beginningjuly 1, 1998. The candidate must have solid 
administrative and supervisory experience in an aca- 
demic environment, the ability to budget carefully 
and an advanced degree (doctorate preferred) in an 
appropriate academic area. The Vice President for 
Student Life is on the President's Council, reports to 
the Provost and directs the Student Life Division. The 
successful candidate must be approachable, fair, enjoy 
students, work collaboratively within and across divi- 
sional lines, and be an advocate of the college in the 
community and the church. Strong writing and public 
speaking skills are required. Goshen College, an affir- 
mative action employer, is committed to Christian 
beliefs as interpreted by the Mennonite Church. 
Applications from women and people from under- 
represented groups are strongly encouraged. Send a 
letter of application, including philosophy statement 
concerning student life at a Christian liberal arts col- 
lege, resume, unofficial transcripts and three 
professional references tojohn D. Yordy, Provost. 
Goshen College, Goshen, IN 46526; telephone: 
(219) 535-7501; fax: (219) 535-7060; e-mail:; website: 
Applications will be accepted until the position is tilled. 

The Young Center for the Study of Anabaptist and 
Pietist Groups At Elizabethtown College invites 
applications and nominations for CENTER FELLOW, 
Fall 1998, Spring 1999, Summer 1999. Send inquiries 
to: David Filer, Director, The Young Center, 
Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 
Phone (717) 361-1470, Fa.x (717) 361-1443. e-mail- 


Diabetics: If you have Medicare or insurance, you 
could be eligible to receive your diabetic supplies at 
no cost. (Insulin-dependent only) Call (800) 337-4144. 

January/February 1998 Messenger 29 

Iiiriiiiiff Points 


Note: Congregations are asked 
to submit only the names of 
actual new members of the 
denomination. Do not include 
names of people who have 
merely transferred their mem- 
bership from another Church of 
the Brethren congregation. 

Akron, Akron. Pa.: Daniel 
Good, Clarence Brubaker, 
lennifer Murphy, [oseph 
Morgan. Kevin Brubaker. 
Michael Hoshour 

Bear Creek, Dayton. Ohio: 
Erin Erbaugh 

Beaverton. Beaverton Mich.. 
baptism: Theresa Coats 

Brownsville, Brosvnsville. 
Md.: Sarah Cogle, Nathan 
Kaetzel, fason Stocks, 
Michael Mills. Dan Cray- 
ton. Timmy Hagan, Charity 
Heffner. Lee Heffner, Chaz 
Himes. )ohn Smith. Esther 
Kidweli, Cindy Bowers, |oel 

Canton, Canton. 111.: Mendy 
Kessler, Kasey Kessler 

Champaign. Champaign, III.: 
Plippip Hansen. Shannon 

County Line. Champion, Pa.: 
Kallie Long 

Donncls Creek. North Hamp- 
ton, Ohio: Berneta DeMent, 
Betty Riley 

Elizabethtown, Elizabelhlown. 
Pa.: Dale &. Lois Brown 

Elkhart Valley, Elkhart, Ind.: 
Holli Hainiill. Michael 

Elm Street. Lima, Ohio: Larry 
& lanice Biglow 

First Central. Kansas City. 
Kan.: Matthew Eis. 
Michelle McTaggart 

Friendship, Linthicum, Md.: 
Al Brocato. Rebecca 
Bowers. Lee Ann Butler. 
Allen Byers, Dawn Cham- 

Good Shepherd. Blacksburg. 
Va.: Steve &i Ellen Darden 

Hooversville. Hooversville, 
Pa., by baptism: Elaine 
Karashowsky, Christopher 
Karashowsky. Anthony 
Karashowsky. Clara 
Koontz, Danielle Koonlz. 
Dennis Koontz 

Hope, Freeporl, Mich.: Krista 

Maple Grove. Ashland, Ohio: 
Mark & Gale Andress, Lois 
Becker. Tim & Debbie 

McPherson, McPherson, Kan.: 
Darren & Shelly Hendricks 

Mechanic Grove. Quarryville, 

Pa.: Krissie Kipp 

Midland. Midland. Va.: 
Nathan Andrew Beahm. 
Hannah Ruth Beahm. Carol 
Lee Cornweii. Carrie Eliza- 
beth Nell, Jennifer Slechta 

Myerslown. Myerstown, Pa,; 
Sara Keller. William Keller. 
Daniel Landis. Robert 
Dubble. Erin Hoffer, Eric 
Keller, Cole Martin, Travis 
Hibshman, Samuel Ki'all, 
Sherrie Keller. Crystal Keller, 
Lamar Fahnestock. loanne 
Fahnestock. Crystal Hatt 

Osceola. Osceola. Mo.: 
Martha .Anderson 

Pleasant Dale. Decatur, Ind.: 
Landon Adler. Jed Carter, 
Ion Geyer. Kipp Blake, 
Sarah Durnbaugh. Caleb 

Pleasant View. Burkittsviile. 
Md.: Patsy Vasquez, Earl & 
loan Wean. Marie Chaney, 
Pastor Teri Greiser and 
Karen Greiser 

Rockwood, Rockwood. Pa.: 
Tracey Carter. Pamela 

Sebring. Sebring, Fla.: Gerald 
& Rosella Nelson 

Sheldon. Sheldon. Iowa: Dou- 
glas Osterbuhr. Nancy 
Osterbuhr, Clint Osterbuhr 

Syracuse, Syracuse, Ind.: 
Steve. Deb, |ason, Chris, & 
John Van der Reydon. Paul 
& Kim Davis 

Thurmont, Thurmont. Md.: 
Dee Albright. Tammy Crea- 
ger. lennifer Lowe. Thad 

Virden. Virden, 111.; Lynne, 
Crystal, and Stephen Dunn 

West Charleston. Tipp City. 
Ohio; Inoua Kodomalo. 
Mary Owen 

West Eel River. Silver Lake, 
Ind.: lohn and lanice 
Teeter, ludy Enyeart 

Yellow Creek, Goshen, Ind.: 
Garza, Agapita 

York Center. Lombard, 111.; 
Gail Clark, Karen Lease, 
Diane Mruk. Keith Mruk 

227th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Completed orientation in 
Bethel, Pa. Oct. 10.) 

Nathan Backus, Lincoln Park, 
Mich., to Gould Farm, 
Monterey. Mass. 

Barnhart, Andrea. Boones 
Mill, Va., to Community 
Family Life Services, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Burkhart, Raenya, Deer Isle, 
Maine, to Community of 
Hospitality-Cafe 458, 
Decatur. Ga. 

Collett, Melissa. Upland, 
CaliL to Office of News & 
Information Services, 
Church of the Brethren 
General Offices, Elgin. 111. 

Copp, Miriam. Richland. Pa. 
to Su Casa Catholic 
Worker, Chicago. 111. 

Davidson, Karin, Lebanon, Pa.. 
to Office of Brethren Wit- 
ness, Church of the Brethren 
General Offices, Elgin, 111. 

Davies, David. Swansea. 
United Kingdom, to Boul- 
der Hill Neighborhood, 
Montgomery, 111. 

Grimes, Kristin. Waynesboro, 
Pa., to Casa de Esperanza de 
los Ninos, Houston. Texas 

Hartmann, Geelke. Oster- 
holz/Scharmbeck, Germany 
to Catholic Worker House, 
San Antonio, Texas 

Hess. Ruth, Falls Church. 
Va.. to Camp Bethel. 
Fincastle, Va. 

foseph, Megan, Onekama. 
,\lich., to Casa de Esper- 
anza de los Ninos, Houston. 

(ossart, Cary, Racine, Wis., to 
Kilcranny House. Col- 
eraine. N. Ireland 

Knepper, Richard, Winter 

Garden, Fla., to ZSA, Poland 

Kruft, Stephan. Rheinbrohl. 
Germany to Tri-City Home- 
less Coalition, Fremont, 

Lehman, lessica. Elgin, III., to 
N. Ireland Children's Holi- 
day Scheme, Belfast, N. 

Lucas, Troy, Anderson. Ind.. 
to Brethren Woods, Keezle- 
town. Va. 

Mackie, Trina. Frankenmuth, 
Mich., to Pesticide Action 
Network, San Francisco. 

Matthies. Cathi, Uslar, Ger- 
many, to Catholic Worker 
House, San Antonio, Texas 

Nolen. Heather, Forest. Va., to 
Washington Office. Wash- 
ington. D.C. 

Platchek, leremy. Pottstown, 
Pa., to Camp Harmony, 
Hooversville, Pa. 

Plate, Annika, Pinneberg, Ger- 
many, to Bridgeway, 
Lakevvood. Colo. 

Reich, Travis, New Hope, Va, 
to Washington City Soup 
Kitchen. Washington, D.C. 

Risser, Gregory, Manheim. 
Pa., to Gould Farm, Mon- 
terey, Mass, 

Stepp, Laura, Newport News, 
Va., to Pesticide Action 
Network, San Francisco, 

Stiles, Robert, Hillsboro, Mo.. 
to Catholic Worker House, 
San Antonio. Texas 

Stover, lennifer, Quinter. 
Kan., to Community of 
Decatur, Ga. 

Szyraanska, Anna, Inowro- 
claw, Poland, to Tri-City 
Homeless Coalition, Fre- 
mont, CaliL 

Wave, Bryan, Kaleva. Mich., to 
Interfaith Council/Home- 
less. Chicago, 111. 

Wood, Christopher, Char- 
lottesville, Va.. to Camp 
Myrtlewood. Myrtle 
Point. Ore. 


Bartlelt, Dr. U.C. and Flossie, 

Union town. Pa.. 55 
Berkley, Clyde and Nancy, 

Danville, Va.. 50 
Blake, Victor and Irene, 

Elkhart, Ind., 55 
Blevins, Donald and Wilda, 

Donnels Creek. S. Ohio. 50 
Bowman, Fred and Wanda, 

Bridgewater, Va., 50 
Bowman, James and Merle, 

Wenatchee, Wash., 60 
Brandon, Louis and leanne, 

Goshen, Ind., 50 
Eshleman. James and Helen. 

Fort Wayne, Ind., 50 
Funderburg, Melvin and 

Wilda, New Carlisle. 

Ohio. 50 
Gordon, Ralph and loyce, 

Elkhart, Ind.. 50 
Greiner, Bob and Edna. 

North Manchester, Ind., 55 
Groth, Norman and Esther. 

Independence, Western 

Plains, 50 
Harbaugh, Merlin and Melba. 

Waterloo, Iowa, 50 
Heisey, Enos and Jane, 

Lebanon, Pa., 55 
Hettler, James and Marjorie. 

Silver Lake, Ind., 55 
Higdon. Leonard "Pete" and 

lunc. Brownsville. Md.. 50 
Hoffer, Mildred and James. 

Ligonier, Pa.. 50 
Hoffman, Vern and Elsie. 

Sebring. Fla., 50 
Hummel, Harry and Ethel. 

Sebring, Fla.. 55 
lagger. William and Evelyn, 

Silver Lake. Ind., 55 
McKay, Robert and Charlotte. 

Bridgewater. Va., 50 
Michael, Norman and Amy. 

Churchville, Va., 50 

Miller, Ray and Virginia, 

Waterloo, Iowa, 55 
Myers, Martin and Virginia, 

Pitcairn. Pa., 50 
Paff, Dr. William and Eliza- 
beth, Elkhart. Ind., 60 
Pratt, Joseph and Helen, 

Fresno. CaliL. 60 
Pratt, Ward and Mary. Fresno, 

CaliL. 60 
Rainey, Horace and Elizabeth. 

Portland, Ore.. 60 
Rhodes. Carl and Veda. 

Bridgewater, Va.. 60 
Rousselow, Leroy and Maxine. 

Waterloo, Iowa. 55 
Snell, Phillip and June, 

Auburn, 111., 50 
Studebaker, Donald and 

Marcy. Donnels Creek, S. 

Ohio, 50 
Wenger, Richard and Marjorie, 

Lorida, Fla., 50 
West, Elmer and Marie. Corn- 
ing, Iowa. 65 
Whilmore, Elwood and Eva 

Lee, Bridgewater, Va., 55 
Wiley, lames and Betty, 

Independence, W. Plains. 50 


lensen. Russell, from other 
denomination to Middle- 
bury, N. Ind. 

Pfeiffer. Carol, from seminary 
to English River. N. Plains 


Bitner. Robert L., Aug. 19. 

Union City, S. Ohio 
Bosserman, Sandra Leach, 

July 26. Peace Valley, 

Mo. /Ark. 
Dorsey, lanice Welch, Sept. 

15, Downsville, Mid-Atl. 
Fogle, Lerry. Sept. 13, 

Frederick. Mid-Atl, 
Gault, Mary Frances, Aug. 21, 

Battle Creek. Mich. 
Hufford, Lisa, Aug. 2. Nappa- 

nee. N. In. 
Kelly, John Stuart. June 2 1 . 

Hollins Road, Virlina 

Ketterman, Richard E.. June 

7. Glendale. Mid. Pa. 
Knepper. Nancy Fike. May 17. 

New Covenant, Atl. S.E. 
Kohler. Paul. Sept. 15. Cham- 
paign, III. /Wis, 
KrahenbiJhl, Lee. Aug. 2 1 , 

Skyridge, Mich. 
Spire, Steven Ronald, May 17. 

French Broad. S.E. 
Wine. Ronald K.. May 17. 

French Broad, S.E. 
Woodin. Ataloa, May 3, 

Fresno, Pac. S.W. 

30 Messenger January/February 1998 


Blake, Brian lohn. Aug. 5, 

Hanover, S. Pa. 
Bradley, Timothy Talbott. 

Sept. 1 3. Friendship, 

Burk, Kelly J., Sept. 13, 

Westminster, Mid-Atl. 
Criswell, Scott W., Sept. 6, 

Maitland. Mid. Pa. 
Ewing, fohn, Sept. 15, Cherry 

Grove, 111. /Wis. 
Held, Cheryl Snyder, Sept. 13, 

Westminster, Mid-Atl. 
Laszakovits, Gregory E., Aug 

3, Phoenix. Pac. S.W. 
Sievers, Michael Robert, Sept. 

21, Brookville, S. Ohio 
Staubs, Michael, May 17, 

Fellowship, Mid-Atl. 


Albin, Rev. Charles A., 97, 

Marshalltown, Iowa, 

Oct. 23, 1997 
Alford, Catherine lannie, 84, 

Waynesboro, Va., Sept. 28, 

Arnold, Esther E., 76, 

Ashland, Ohio, Aug. 20. 

Baile, Salome Mohler, 90, 

Warrensburg, Mo., Sept. 

25. 1997 
Baugh, Retha, 71. Broadway, 

Va., Sept. 18, 1997 
Beard, Dan, Sr., 88, Lansing, 

Mich., Sept. 29, 1997 
Bigler, Earl, 81, Lancaster, 

Pa.. April 27, 1997 
Bollinger, Alvin, 95, Lititz, 

Pa., Sept. 16 
Bowers, Elizabeth, 67, Knox- 

ville, Md., March 4, 1997 
Bratton, Barry, 53, Cedar 

Rapids. Iowa, Oct. 8, 1997 
Cassel, Margaret. 84. Lititz, 

Pa., luly 12, 1997 
Clay, Donald O., 82, Floyd, 

Va., Oct. 5, 1997 
Crownover, Florence, 85, 

Shelocta, Pa., [uly 26, 

Crull, Bob, 71, Angola. Ind., 

Sept. 5, 1997 
Davis, Mildred, 85. 

Hagerstown, Md.. March 

23, 1997 
Dehmey, Ruth, Lititz, Pa., 

Sept. 26, 1997 
Derree, Violet, 83, Red Lion, 

Pa., Oct. 21, 1997 
Dove, Alton "Dick" Delano, 

64, Timberville, Va.. 

Oct. 22, 1997 
Dowden, Harold A.. 77, Cir- 

cleville. Ohio, Sept. 2, 1997 
Eavers, Ruby G.. 84, Stuarts 

Draft, Va.. Oct. 13. 1997 

Eberl, Mildred. 78. New 

Creek. W.VA.. Sept. 22, 

English, Wallace, 84, Sheldon, 

Iowa, April 14, 1997 
Evans, Harold V, 81, Sheldon, 

Iowa, Aug. 24, 1997 
Foltz, Nancy, 70. Bridgewater, 

Va., Nov. 2, 1997 
Frantz, Trilba, 88, Warsaw, 

Ind., Aug. 27, 1997 
Frye, Clayton V, Norfolk. Va.. 

May 3, 1997 
Fulmer, Irene. 75. Elkhart. 

Ind.. Aug. 16. 1997 
Getz, Ruth K. 91, Manheim, 

Pa.. July 11. 1997 
Godfrey, Sterling L., 96, York 

Pa., Sept. 25, 1997 
Good, Herman, Lancaster. 

Pa., July 29, 1997 
Good, John R, Sr., 88. Grot- 
toes, Va., Oct. 28, 1997 
Goodman, Emmitt. Otway, 

Ohio, Oct. 6, 1997 
Griffith, Herman David, 77, 

Singers Glen, Va., 

Oct. 21, 1997 
Grumbling, Richard A.. 89. 

Shippensburg, Pa., 

Aug. 20. 1997 
Harbold, Lloyd E., 77, 

Cross Keys Brethren Home, 

Nov. 4, 1997 
Hargett, Betty, 67, Knoxville, 

Md.. Aug. 2, 1997 
Hawk, Mrs. Donneth, 80, 

Akron, Ohio, Oct. 4. 1997 
Hawkins, Louise Sanger, Car- 

rollton. Mo.. |uly 24. 1997 
Helmick, Erma Lee Crider, 

66, Baker. W. Va., 

Oct, 27, 1997 
Herr, Roy, Lebanon. Pa.. 

Sept. 4, 1997 
Hoffer, Russell, Lancaster, 

Pa.. Sept. 23, 1997 
Hoover, Russell, 86, Sebring, 

Fla. Sept. 25, 1997 
Hoover, Tracie H., 70. Mt. 

Bethel. Va., Sept. 17, 1997 
Howdyshell, Georgia P., 84, 

Mt. Solon. Va., Oct. 25, 

Huffman, Lucy Virginia, 76, 

Mt. Zion Church of the 

Brethren. Oct. 23, 1997 
Hutrell, Virginia, 68. Boons- 

boro, Md., July 22, 1997 
Ingle, Walter F,, 96, La Verne, 

Calif., Sept. 27, 1997 
lohnson, Truman E.. 89. 

Scherr, W.VA., lune 14, 

Keister, Harry A., 76, Tim- 
berville. Va., Sept. 18. 1997 
Kessner, Mernie S., 79, 

Franklin, W. Va.. 

Oct. 6, 1997 
Kimble, Vauda, 79, New 

Creek. W.Va.. Nov. 11, 


Kimmel, Helen. 89. Sheldon. 

Iowa. May 2, 1997 
Knight, Clyde Henry. 92, 

Charlottesville, Va., 

Oct. 13, 1997 
Kreiser, Levi R.. 79, York, Pa. 

Nov. 2, 1997 
Long, Robert, 59, Pleasant 

View. Mid-Atl., May 9, 

Longenecker, Edith. 96. Lititz, 

Pa.. Oct. 13. 1997 
Manchester, Alice. 93. Covina. 

Calif., lune 7, 1997 
Marra, Leila. Accident. Md.. 

March 19, 1997 
Marshall, Sudie. 97, Danville. 

Va.. Aug. 18. 1997 
Mauck, Annece Mable 

McNabb. 71, Strasburg, 

Va.. Oct. 2, 1997 
McCauley, Malcolm Keith 

"Monk," 69, North Garden, 

Va.. Sept. 23. 1997 
McDowell, Argel. 82. Goshen, 

Ind.. Oct. 1, 1997 
McKimmey, Blanche "Penny." 

58, Knoxville. Md., 

May 29. 1997 
Michael, Richard Thomas, 62, 

Bridgewater, Va.. Oct. 50. 

Miller, Elizabeth Rupp, 83, 

Fort Wayne, Ind.. Sept. 5. 

Miller, Esther. 91. Sebring. 

Fla.. Sept. 19, 1997 
Miller, Lamont, Windber, Pa.. 

April 22, 1997 
Mitchell, Harold, 47, 

Harrisonburg, Va. Sept. 

21. 1997 
Morris, Goldie Miller. 79. 

Harrisonburg. Va.. Oct. 24. 

Morris, Samuel "Lindy," 67. 

Dayton. Va., Oct. 4, 1997 
Myer, Mazie, 108, Akron, Pa.. 

Oct. 5, 1997 
Nedrow, George T. 81. 

Latrobe, Pa.. Sept. 50. 1997 
Neff, Mary K.. 72. Mount 

lackson, Va., Oct. 10, 1997 
Nofsinger, Clara Edris. 55, 

Strasburg, Va.. Oct. S, 1997 
Noonkester. Stella Prather. 95. 

Danville, Va.. Aug. 4. 1997 
Norris, Velma. 82. Dayton. 

Ohio, April 7, 1997 
Ott, Clara, 73, Windber. Pa.. 

Ian. 16. 1997 
Parlette, Ella. 96, Lima, Ohio. 

Sept. 28, 1997 
Peachey, Linda. 95. Sebring, 

Fla. Oct. 7. 1997 
Poole, Roy R.. 84. Virden. III.. 

Oct. 5, 1997 
Pratt, loseph G., 89, Santa 

Rosa, Calif., May 4, 1997 
Reedy. Warren D. Sr.. 60. 

Singers Glen, Va., Sept. 19. 


Reuter, Phillip, 71, Tipp City, 

Ohio, Sept. 30, 1997 
Reynolds, Lawrence. 32, 

Farmington, Del., Nov. 2. 

Roberts, Virginia, 72. 

Ashland, Ohio, Aug. 26. 

Sacra, Homer A., Sr.. 88, 

McGaheysville, Va., Oct, 

17. 1997 
Schafer, Ralph, Onekama, 

Mich.. 77. Sept. 13, 1997 
Schlosnagle, Marie. 71. 

Accident. Md., March 25. 

Shaver, Mildred M., 83, Fort 

Seybert. W Va., Oct. 3, 

Sheets, Rev. Antoinette 

"Nettie," 84, Wooster, 

Ohio, Sept. 17. 1997 
Shifflett, Ellen Virginia, 73. 

Timberville. Va.. Sept. 19. 

Show, Doris. 77, Uniontown, 

Pa., lune 20. 1997 
Showalter, Emily. 16. Millers- 
burg. Ind.. Aug. 4, 1997 
Shull, Evaleen E.. 77. 

Sangerville. Va.. Oct. 5, 

ShuII, Fern, 99. Lawrence, 

Kan., Aug. 9, 1997 
Siever, Harlen, 65. Mount 

lackson. Va.. luly 15, 1997 
Smith. Esther, 68. Palmyra. 

Pa.. luly 1. 1997 
Smith, Lawrence, 96, New 

Lebanon. Ohio, lune 8, 1997 
Smith, Michael, 17. Green- 
town, Ind., May 2, 1997 
Snoeberger, Robert, 82, 

Woodbury, Pa.. Sept, 1 1, 

Spangler, Esther, 95. Bridge- 
water. Va.. July 27. 1997 
Stambaugh. Leona M., 78. 

Camp Hill. Pa.. Sept. 11. 

Staub, Ruth Greer. 87, Dover. 

Pa.. Aug. 16. 1997 
Sterner. Goldie L, 95, Cross 

Keys Brethren Home, Sept. 

2. 1997 
Stocksdale. Ethel. Greenville. 

Ohio, lune 27, 1997 
Swemly, Carrie A.. 89, Cross 

Keys Brethren Home, 

Oct. 1. 1997 
Temple, lack. Onekama. 

Mich.. 76. Aug. 29. 1997 
Thompson, Grace. 96. 

Frederick. Md.. April 50. 

Tribby, lames, 86. McGa- 
heysville. Va.. lune 21. 1997 
Tritapoc, Robert M.. 67. Knox- 
ville. Md.. Feb. 21. 1997 
Turner, Brenda Sue. 39, 

Moorefield, W. Va., Oct. 8, 


Turner, Floda Alice. 82, 

Onego, W. Va.. Sept. 13, 

Turner, Ted, 91. Seneca 

Rocks. W.Va., Sept. 19, 

Utz, 1. Norman. 94. 

Littlestown, Pa.. Sept. 15, 

Wahl, Marguerite, 80, New Port 

Richey, Fla.. June 5. 1997 
Wallace, Catherine, 85, Cross 

Keys, Pa., Aug. 6, 1997 
Wargo, Gladys, 83. Windber, 

Pa.. Sept. 14. 1997 
Wean, Earl Sr.. 79. Pleasant 

View. Mid-Atl.. April 17, 

Weaver, Rev. lohn L.. 82. 

Palmyra. Pa., Aug. 30. 1997 
Weaver, Urban, 80, Greenville. 

Ohio. May 6, 1997 
Webb, Henry Allen, Dayton, 

Ohio, Sept. 26, 1997 
Webb, Noelle Z. Neff, 54, 

Mount Crawford, Va.. Oct. 

23. 1997 

West, Paul. 78. Unionville. 

Iowa, April 17, 1997 
Whetzel, Arlie, 85, Petersburg, 

W.Va.. luly 31, 1997 
Whetzel, Doris, 67, Mount 

Solon. Va.. luly 19, 1997 
Whetzel, Ormand, 73, Tim- 
berville, Va„ luly 2, 1997 
Whipple, Lee, 83, Yoncalla, 

Ore., Oct. 7, 1997 
Whisler, Clarence E., 97. 

Virden. 111.. 1997 
While, Gilbert H., 95. Mel- 
croft. Pa.. Oct. 21, 1997 
Whitmore, Frank, 72. Bridge- 
water, Va., luly 19, 1997 
Wilkins, Gary, 44, Moorefield, 

W.Va.. Oct. 28. 1997 
Wilkins, Lory A., 73, Mathias, 

W.Va.. Sept. 15. 1997 
Williamson, Burnell. 83. 

Columbus. Ind.. luly 22, 

Wills, Glen, 83. Roanoke. Va., 

Feb. 16, 1997 
Wimer, Audrey, 75. Franklin, 

W.Va., lune 11, 1997 
Wine, Dennis. 80. Timberville. 

Va., Sept. 24, 1997 
Wine, Paul "Sammy" Allen, 

87. Hinton. Va.. Oct. 26, 

Witt, Frank. 75. Champaign, 

111.. July 24, 1997 
Witter. Harry M.. 85. Cham- 

bersburg. Md., Nov. 2. 1997 
Wolf, Wilma. 95, Pottstown, 

Pa., lune 26. 1997 
Woodson, Carl. 73. Roanoke, 

Va.. Feb. 18. 1997 
Yankey, Viola F.. 75, New 

Market. Va.. Oct. 8. 1997 
Young, Lerty. 82. 

McGaheysville, Va., |une 

24. 1997 

January/February 1998 Messenger 31 


On costs and counting well 

T I hose who attended Annual Conference last 
summer heard over and over the exhortation to 
"Count Well the Cost" of this and that. Count well 
the cost of community. Count well the cost of simplicity 
and service and peace. Count well the cost of discipleship. 
But nobody ever explained what it means 
to count well, as opposed to counting m ^ ^ 

poorly. And then there was little discus- 
sion of what to do after the cost gets 
counted. How our church answers these 
two questions will decide whether we are 
fearful bean counters or faithful disciples. 
The Annual Conference theme seemed 
apt because the church has been big into 
cost-cutting these days. Whenever new 
cuts were announced those making the 
cuts said woefully, "We had no other 
choice," and the rest of us nodded in agree- 
ment. Business is business. It takes courage 
to make the tough calls, we say. Even 
though we quibble over the details, most 
of us see cost-cutting as a necessary evil, 
and the more necessary, the less evil. In 
an atmosphere of limited resources like 
our church is experiencing, there becomes 
only one thing to do after costs are counted: 
Cut them. 

That's not exactly what [esus taught • • • 

in Luke 4. "Which of you, intending to 
build a tower, does not first sit down and count the cost, 
to see whether he has enough to complete it?" He doesn't 
say what is the right thing for the tower-builder to do if 
there isn't enough money. One alternative would be to 
build a shorter tower. But Jesus at least leaves open the 
other alternative, which is to go out and raise more 
money. "Or what king, going out to wage war against 
another king, will not sit down first and consider 
whether he is able with ten thousand to oppose the one 
who comes against him with twenty thousand?" Here, 
lesus does suggest one answer to the dilemma. "If he 
cannot," then he ought to ask for terms of peace. But 
Jesus also left open another alternative, which was to 
fight even though outnumbered. Jesus might have been 
hoping his listeners would recall Gideon. Remember? 
Gideon had the Lord. 

32 Messenger January/February 1998 

When we count the 

costs, we need not 

automatically change 

our plans to build 

a smaller tower, 

but instead go out and 

raise more revenue. 

The best thing to 

do ivith unfunded 

mandates is 

to fund them. 

Which is what it means to count well. Usually there 
are factors beyond the obvious to be taken into consider- 
ation. Businesspeople know that cutting here may affect 
revenues there. Likewise the church, if we cut costs with- 
out carefully considering whether it is muscle or fat 

being cut, isn't counting well. Muscle 
pays its own way. 

For more on counting costs, 
Brethren turn to Alexander Mack, Sr., 
who in his hymn had more to say to the 
tower-builder in Luke. "Are you 
resolved, though all seem lost, to risk 
your reputation, your self, your wealth, 
for Christ the Lord as you now give 
your solemn word?" The implication 
clearly is to not just count the costs but 
pay them. Counting costs well is not so 
much about cutting costs as it is about 
commitment. Many of us are happy to 
sing "to the death we'll follow thee" 
then complain about Annual Confer- 
ence approving "unfunded mandates." 
On the surface it makes sense to argue 
that if Annual Conference is going to 
ask the General Board to do some- 
thing, it ought to identify a source of 
money to go along with it. But only if 
' * * * you forget all the unfunded mandates 

in the New Testament. "Go ye into all 

the world " "Heal the sick." "Deliver the captives." 

"Preach good news to the poor." 


o we say, "Jesus, where's the money?" Or do 

|we say, "Here's our church. Lord. Send the 

There has been, of course, a time to cut costs. But 
now it's time, it seems, for the church to move beyond 
that. It's time to raise the vision. When we count the 
costs, we need not automatically change our plans to 
build a smaller tower, but instead go out and raise more 
revenue. The best thing to do with unfunded mandates is 
to fund them. And then ask for the next challenge. It may 
be another unfunded mandate, like: "Stir us to build new 
worlds in thy name." We should start building, no matter 
what it costs. — Fletcher Farrar 

ne Bretkren Homes of tke Atlantic Northeast District. 

Freeaom To Live Your Lire On Your Terms. 


1 our hie, your dreams, your 
nopes, your nome. These are lire's 
important tnmgs. Tne retirement 
communities or tne Brethren 
Homes offer a full range of living 
accommodations to suit your lifestyle 
and your needs. All are located m 
the beautiful southeastern region 
of Pennsylvania, with easy access 
to major metropolitan areas, 
vacation sights, shopping centers 
and tourist attractions. 

• Pennsylvania Association or Non-Prorit 
Homes for tke Aging (PANPHA) 

• American Association or Homes ana 
Services for the Aging (AAHSA) 


CcliivUtifll^ (7 

'ntuiy t'/ Coiuniitnh'nt 
3001 L.titz Pike 

P.O. Box 6093 

Lancaster, PA 17606 

Lebanon Valley 
Brethren Home 

1 200 GruLt Street 
Palmyra, PA 17078 

(717) 838-5406 





800 Maple Avenue 
Harleysville, PA 19438 

(215) 256-9501 

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I am vokinteering my help with Conference tasks, I have 
n-iarked below. I have numbered them in order of preference. 
I plan to arrive at Conference on 

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K' J^**" 

jnAi" -1™^**^"""" 




A young church and 
a church of the young is Ek- 
klesiyar Yan'uwa a Nigeria, 
one of sub-Sahara Africa's 
fast growing denominations. On March 17 EYN will mark the 75th anniversary of its founding. 

EYN's compelling faith, courageous leadership, spirited choirs, and solid advances in education, 
Bible training, health, agriculture, and evangelism are best described by a Hausa phrase, abin mamaki, 
which means "a new surprising thing arises." Rejoice with our sisters and brothers in EYN, 
God's wondrous new thing in Nigeria. CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN GENERAL BOARD 


'^^i»*vmm^^ff«^f^'^ • 


On the cover: As 
dawn breaks on 
the Ivester Church 
of the Brethren, Grundy 
Center, Iowa, a new 
program emerges to offer 
new Hght to congregations. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 




In Brief 




Pontius' Puddle 


Turning Points 



Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Paul Stocksdale 


10 At your service! 

Congregational Life Teams, the latest 
program initiative from the General Board, 
are in place and ready to assist congregations. 
A dozen new staff members are spread across 
the country ready to help with teaching, 
resourcing, and networking "so that the body 
of Christ may be built up." 

14 No creed but the Bible 

Do you know why Brethren reject creeds? 
Frank Ramirez explains that the way we arrive 
at our faith is as important as the statement of 
faith itself. Brethren get there by studying the 
Bible together. 

17 Tracing footprints in the soil 

loseph M. Mason, the interim executive 
director of the General Board relates the 
dream he had before beginning his service in 
that position. The vision that gave him hope 
and confidence can inspire us all. 

18 Out from the ashes comes 
a dream fulfilled 

Some 200 Brethren volunteers turned hate 
to Christian love when they helped to rebuild 
the arson-destroyed Butler Chapel A.M.E. 
church in Orangeburg. S.C. In lanuary the 
volunteers returned for an emotional and 
praise-filled dedication celebration. 

22 What makes a Great Hour? 

One Great Hour of Sharing, the global 
mission appeal which takes place on March 
22, is a major ecumenical event. Here is the 
background and history of the cooperative 
effort to put love into action. 

24 Remembering Bethany's 
Oak Brook campus 

Bethany Theological Seminary has already 
made its successful transition to its new 
campus at Richmond, Ind., but some sadness 
lingers at the old campus, now being razed 
for new development. Two writers who knew 
the old campus well reminisce here. 

March 1998 Messenger 1 

\m k fiiiskr 

Thave always loved words. I can still remember the first time, at age four, 
that 1 read a word all by myself. There was no stopping after that. I had a 
half-read book in every room of the house and ruined my eyes reading at 
night with a flashlight. 

Later on my mother, a former English teacher, taught me the power of edit- 
ing one's writing. 1 began my journalism career as a paper carrier delivering the 
now-defunct Washington Star. In high school and college I churned out pages 
of poetry. 

1 no longer spend any of my time writing poetry or other creative writing, 
though I sometimes regret that. Nowadays most of the words I'm responsible 
for are in memos, reports, letters, and contractual agreements. 

Though memos are hardly glamorous, they're part of a larger fabric of com- 
munication within the church that includes both the noticeable and the ordinary. 
Whatever the medium, I always hope that my words make the complex more 
understandable, strengthen connections between people, minimize barriers, 
enhance discipleship, and ultimately build up the body of Christ. 

A church publishing house is a unique blend of ministry (words) and busi- 
ness (numbers). While I come from the word side, 1 have a new appreciation for 
numbers, it is only through skillful management of the numbers that we can 
continue to publish the words. 

But we live in tension with some of the numbers. For example, the number 
of Brethren is almost too small to support a publishing house. It is difficult to 
break even on a book, curriculum, magazine, or church supply that is produced 
solely for Brethren. But we continue to do some of that, because we're com- 
mitted to supplying materials that foster Brethren identity and belief. 

To help pay for those materials, we try to be ever more creative in reaching 
markets beyond ourselves. For years we've worked in cooperation with many 
other denominations to produce curriculum, for example. And now, we're grat- 
ified that two curricula we're producing with the General Conference 
Mennonites — designed to meet our own Brethren and Mennonite needs — are 
being embraced by people in other denominations. We have a message that 
reaches beyond the Brethren. 

Of course some things have to be done by ourselves. We're creating our own 
heritage and membership curricula, launching our own Web page, and contin- 
uing to publish our own Church of the Brethren magazine. 

IVlany years ago that magazine, a unifying force in a fragmented church, was 
the seed that eventually produced a publishing house. A century later, Brethren 
Press still seeks to be a place where Brethren meet to grow in the faith and dis- 
cern God's movement among us. May our words always do that for you. 

How to reach us 


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W Plains, Dean Hummer; W Marva, W^inoma Spurgeon, 

.Messenger Is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as second-class matter Aug, 
20, 1918, under .'ici of Congress of Oct. 17, 1917, 
Filing date, Nov 1, 1984. .Member of the Associated 
Church Press. Subscriber to Religion News Service 
& Ecumenical Press Service, Biblical quotations, 
unless otheru'ise indicated, are from the New Revised 
Standard Version, Messenger is published 11 times 
a year by Brethren Press, Church of the Brethren 
General Board Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
111,, and at additional mailing office, March 1998. 
Copyright 1998, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave,, Elgin, IL 60120, 


Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger March 1998 



Evangel '97 ignites participants 

Bring on the fire! For over 500 young 
adults, the Christmas break wasn't a 
time to sleep off a month of overeating in front 
of a craci<Hng fire. It was, rather, a time to be 
filled with the fire of the Holy Spirit as they 
attended Evangel '97, an international young 
adult conference on mission and evangelism. 
From December 28 to January 1, these men 
and women gathered in Atlanta, Ga., for a life- 

changing week of worship, teaching, and out- 
reach. The event was hosted by Global 
Disciples, a growing network of Anabaptist- 
related discipleship and mission training 
ministries. The conference featured dynamic 
speakers, upbeat worship times, and forays 
into the city, where conference-goers put into 
practice on the streets what they heard daily in 
the lecture hall. — Ann and |on Metzler 

The power of prayer. 

Elizabeth Dich. 

right, in prayer with 

another participant 

at Evangel '97 


Arthur Leon Rummel died 
June 7, 1997, in Escondido, 
Calif., at the age of 99. He 
had been a pastor in the 
Church of the Brethren for 
over 70 years. 

• The Rev. Charles Albin 
of Marshalltown, Iowa, died 
Oct. 23 at the age of 97. He 
was a member of the Iowa 
River Church of the 
Brethren in Marshalltown, 
and was honored in 1996 
for serving as an ordained 

pastor of 75 years. He was 
pastor of the Ivester Church 
of the Brethren from 1952 
until 1966. 

• John Howard Yoder, 
Mennonite theologian, 
died December 30 at the 
University of Notre Dame, 
South Bend, Ind., at the 
age of 70. The New York 
Times said in its obituary: 
"Mr. Yoder stressed that 
the work of |esus was not a 
new set of ideals or princi- 
ples for reforming or even 
revolutionizing society, but 

the establishment of a new 
community, a people that 
embodied forgiveness, 
sharing and self-sacrificing 
love in its rituals and disci- 
pline. In that sense, the 
visible church for him was 
not the bearer of Christ's 
message; it was itself to be 
the message." His books 
and articles included The 
Politics of I esus (1972), 
Christian Altitudes to War. 
Peace, and Revolution 
(1983), and Tor the 
Nations (1997). 

March 1998 Messenger 3 



Huffman Health 
Center completed 

On Nov, 13, 1997, the 
Bridgewater Retirement 
Community celebrated the 
completion of a major 
remodeling of the nursing 
facility of Bridgewater Home 
with an open house and 
renaming of the nursing 
facility to Huffman Health 
Center. A ceremony held in 
Lantz Chapel honored Dr. 
Jacob S. Huffman, "father of 

Bridgewater Home," for the 
vision and planning that led 
to the beginning of what is 
now Bridgewater Retirement 
Community. Dr. Harold 
Huffman and Dr. Rufus 
Huffman, sons of Dr. Jacob 
Huffman, were present to 
receive memorial awards in 
honor of their father and his 
contribution to Bridgewater 
Home. Huffman Health 
Center consists of three 
floors and approximately 
1 50 nursing beds. 

William Daniel Phillips, 

winner of the Nobel Prize 

in Physics, invited his 

Juniata College physics 

professor to join him at 

the award ceremonies in 

Stockholm in December 

Juniata grad wins Nobel Prize 

William Daniel Phillips, a 1970 graduate of 
luniata College in Huntingdon, Pa., on Dec. 10 
was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics with two other 
researchers for their woriv in developing methods to cool 
and trap atoms with laser light. Dr. Phillips still considers 
veteran 59-year luniata professor. Dr. Wilfred Norris, as 
one of his biggest influences in the field of physics. 

Auction for expansion 
in Dupont, Ohio 

The Dupont congregation in 
Ohio began a $351,000 addi- 
tion in March 1996 which 
included a gymnasium, class- 
rooms, and restrooms. 

Most of the indebtedness 
has already been erased, 
thanks to many projects, 
including an all-church auc- 
tion and barbecue last 
September that raised 
$10,651 . Among the auc- 
tioned items were a quilt, two 
motorcycles, and a car. 

Diabetes Educator 
of the Year 

Sherry Trunnel, a member of 
the Prairie City Church of the 
Brethren, Iowa, was named 
the 1997 Diabetes Educator 
of the Year by the American 
Association of Diabetes Edu- 
cators. Trunnel works in the 
Children's Health Center at 
Blank Children's Hospital in 
Des Moines, Iowa. The 
award includes $1,000, a 
commemorative plaque, and 
an $8,000 travel grant to 
fund speaking engagements 
across the country over the 
next year. — Peter 

A town called Tunker 

The Fort Wayne loiirnal- 
Gazette on Nov. 30 featured 
the town of Tunker, Ind., 
pop. 75, and its Sugar Creek 
Church of the Brethren, built 
in 1886. The town, south of 
Fort Wayne, was originally 
called Dunkard, the article 
explained, because 
Dunkards, "a religious sect 
from Germany." settled in 
the area. Later the name was 
changed to Tunker, "the 
English name for Dunkard." 

4 Messenger March 1998 

■ it¥irriMMnt 

ITons of turkey 

' For the third year in a row, the 
Chiques Church of the 
Brethren, Manheim, Pa., gave 
av\ ay holiday dinners for 
Thanlcsgiving and Christmas, 
distributing them to area fam- 
ihes near and far. Altogether 
the church gave away 850 
meals using 1 1,073 pounds of 
turkey, 280 cases of canned 
goods, 850 pies, and about 
that many gospel tracts. The 
project was funded through 
special offerings that totaled 
$12,982.— Don Fitzkee 

Ramsey Endowment 
for urban ministry 

The children of Duane H. and 
Jane E. Ramsey have estab- 

lished an endowment fund in 
honor of the 45 years their 
parents served the Washington 
City Church of the Brethren 
before Duane's recent retire- 
ment as pastor there. Income 
from the endowment will be 
used to enhance projects 
related to ministry in the urban 
setting, particularly for schol- 
arships to students working in 
a city ministry project. Other 
Capitol Hill community 
groups and churches may ben- 
efit as well. The family has 
received more than $ 1 3,000 in 
pledges toward the endowed 
fund. Contributions may be 
sent to Ramsey Endowment, 
c/o Washington City Church 
of the Brethren, 337 N. Car- 
olina Ave. SE, Washington, 
DC, 20003. 

J. Herman Royer with Luke Bucket: minister/moderator of 
the Heidelberg congregation. 

Surprise recognition 
for 50 years of service 

The Heidelberg Church of the Brethren in Myerstown. 
Pa., surprised J. Herman Royer last October with a 
special recognition of his 50 years of faithful service as a 
deacon of the congregation. He has also served the church 
as Sunday school superintendent, teacher, church clerk, del- 
egate to Annual Conference, youth director (with his wife 
Grace, now deceased), carpenter, painter, and paper 
hanger. — Dorothy Heisey 

Directing the Multicultural CM\x at Annual Conference was one 
of the many ways Leonardo Wilborn has shared his gift of music. 

Music minister on the move 

A well-known Brethren musician, Leonardo V. Wilborn. was 
licensed to the ministry last |uly at the Imperial Heights 
Church of the Brethren in Los Angeles, Calif. Wilborn has 
for the past eight years been director of music at Imperial 
Heights church and in 1996 directed the Multicultural Choir 
at Annual Conference. He is the keyboard player and music 
director for Gilbert Romero's Christian rock group, "The 
Bittersweet Gospel Band." Currently he is enrolled at Fuller 
Theological Seminary, Pasadena, Calif. He received both the 
Fuller Seminary African-American Ministry Grant and the 
Church of the Brethren William A. Hayes Scholarship. 

Celebrates centennial 

A. Ruth Whitacre, a resident 
of Goodwill Mennonite Home 
in Grantsville, Md., celebrated 
her 100th birthday Dec. 10. 
She is an ordained minister, 
the first ordained female in 
the District of First West Vir- 
ginia, Church of the Brethren. 
Her husband, )esse, who died 
in 1995, was a pastor who 
served 12 different congrega- 
tions. Her two sons are 

pastors: Charles |. Whitacre, 
retired, of Denver, Colo., and 
Daniel I. Whitacre of Meyers- 
dale, Pa., pastor of the 
Salisbury Church of the 
Brethren and the Maple Glen 
Church of the Brethren in 
Western Pennsylvania. 

"Ill Toiuh piofilei Biethieii we would 
like you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
I-i5l Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

March 1998 Messenger 5 

Two Brethren churches burn in 
January, one because of arson 

What next? is what two Church of the 
Brethren congregations were aslcing in 
January in the aftermath of fires that 
destroyed both of their churches. 
The Pike Run Church of the 



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Battling the blaze. Two Old 

Order Brethren who live near the 

Manchester Church of the 

Brethren watch as firefighters 

struggle to save the building. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/"Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

6 Messenger March 1997 

Brethren, located six miles west of 
Somerset, Pa., was destroyed |an. 27 
in a blaze that was responded to by 
eight fire companies. The fire was no- 
ticed by a church member who drove 
by the building just past midnight. Af- 
ter driving home to call 9 1 1 , he re- 
turned and spotted footprints leading 
up to a broken window. The local fire 
marshal; the Federal Bureau of Inves- 
tigation; and the Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, and Firearms subsequently 
ruled the fire to be an act of arson. 
Two other nearby churches were also 
destroyed during the preceding week 
in fires blamed on arson. 

Not much remains of Pike Run. The 
roof and some of the walls collapsed, 
taking out the first floor as they 
crashed into the basement. The brick 
building, constructed in 1914, was 
fully insured, said pastor Barry Conn. 

After one preliminary meeting on 
|an. 29, the congregation was sched- 
uled to meet in mid-February to dis- 

cuss its short- and long-term plans. 

Also coping without its home for the 
foreseeable future is the Manchester 
Church of the Brethren, North Man- 
chester, Ind., which lost its building 
Ian. 7 in a blaze traced to a faulty wa- 1 
ter heater in the church's dishwasher. I 

The Manchester church was fully 
insured by Mutual Aid Association. 

This fire was first reported at 2:06 
a.m. by a Manchester police officer on 
routine patrol. Ten area fire depart- 
ments responded to the call. However, 
according to the Manchester News- 
lournai it took more than 30 minutes 
for the nearest aerial fire truck — 20 
miles away in Wabash — to arrive on 
the scene. Firefighters were also hin- 
dered in dousing the blaze because the 
church's natural gas cutoff was located 
inside the building. 

The intensity of the fire was evi- 
dent from the fact that it rained in 
North Manchester Wednesday 
evening and Thursday morning, and 
yet firefighters were called back to 
the scene Thursday morning to ex- 
tinguish the smoldering embers lo- 
cated in a heap of what had been the 

"It's a real overwhelming experi- 
ence, a devastating experience," said 
Susan Boyer, pastor. 

About 150 church members gath- 
ered in the pouring rain later that 
night for a short time of worship and 
prayer. Worship that next Sunday was 
held at the local high school. The fol- 
lowing week the congregation began 
meeting at Manchester College, which 
it will continue to do indefinitely. 

While church members are devas- 
tated about losing their house of 
worship, they are aware that the 
church is the people, said Boyer, who 
added the congregation is blessed 
that no one was hurt. 

"We really would appreciate peo- 
ple's prayers for us as we seek to 
hear God's vision for us and the 
church," she said the day of the fire. 

Additional stories and photos of these fires 
are available at the denomination's official 
web site at http://\ 

The business and ballot for 
Orlando '98 are announced 

The tentative business agenda and 
the ballot for this summer's Annual 
Conference, (une 30 — |uly 5 in Or- 
lando, were released in January. 

Five new and four unfinished busi- 
ness items will be considered by An- 
nual Conference delegates. 

The Annual Conference Standing 
Committee will discuss the new busi- 
ness items during its meetings, which 
precede Conference. The 44 Stand- 
ing Committee members, represent- 
ing the denomination's 23 districts 
and Annual Conference office, will 
then forward these items on to Con- 
ference delegates with recommenda- 
tions that the items be accepted, re- 
turned, or rejected. 

Standing Committee members will 
also vote on this year's Annual Con- 
ference ballot. Only half of the can- 
didates included on the ballot will be 
forwarded to Annual Conference del- 
egates: this election will determine 
those candidates. 

New business 

• Congregational structure. This 
query, passed by Standing Commit- 
tee in 1996, was deferred until after 
the General Board's redesign. 

• Fetal tissue use. The Human Ge- 
netic Engineering portion of a previ- 
ous query received final disposition 
in 1997. The Fetal Tissue Use state- 
ment was rejected and thus becomes 
a new business item for 1998. 

• Caring for the poor. A query 
from Harrisburg (Pa.) First Church 
of the Brethren. 

• Revision to the Brethren Benefit 
Trust Articles of Organization. 

• Changes to the Brethren Benefit 
Trust Retired Church Workers Fund. 
This and the previous item come 
from BBT's board of directors. 

Unfinished business 

• World Mission Philosophy and 
Global Church Mission Structure re- 
port. The final document of a corn- 

Pack your walking shoes. How big is the Orange County Convention Center, site 
of this year's Church of the Brethren Annual Conference? In the 10 years since 
the annual meeting was last held here, the building has been expanded to 
become the largest contiguous convention center in the country, second overall 
in total size to Chicago's three-building McCormick Place. 

mittee formed at the direction of the 
1996 Standing Committee. 

• The New Testament as Our Rule 
of Faith and Practice report. This 
query was accepted by Standing 
Committee in 1997. It appointed a 
group to draft this report. 

• Polity for Free Ministry report. 
This query was accepted by the 1997 
Standing Committee. A committee 
was formed to draft this report. 

• Unfunded Mandates report. This 
query was accepted by the General 
Board in 1996 and by Standing 
Committee in 1997. 


• Report from the Committee on 
Interchurch Relations on a potential 
relationship with the National Asso- 
ciation of Evangelicals. 

• Report from the InterAgency Fo- 
rum (which includes representatives 
from the Annual Conference office 
and the three organizations that report 
directly to the Annual Conference). 

• Report from the Standing Com- 
mittee subcommittee that is research- 
ing the role of Standing Committee 
in the Church of the Brethren. 


• Moderator-elect: loan George 
Deeter, |.D. Click, Harold Moyer, 
Emily Metzger Mumma. 

• General Board (at-large): Kim 
Yaussy Albright, Andy Loomis, [anet 
Over Sell, |an Thompson. 

• General Board (Atlantic Southeast 
District): Merle Crouse, Ron Mclnnis, 
Mary Mason Peckover, Irma Zayas. 

• General Board (Missouri/ 
Arkansas District): Don Brooks, 
Dale Grosbach, Elizabeth Baile Irle, 
Cynthia Loper Sanders. 

• General Board (Southern Penn- 
sylvania District): Warren Eshbach. 
|ohn Henry, Roger Miller, Sara 

• Annual Conference Program and 
Arrangements Committee: |anet 
Frankhouser Brounce, Paul Brubaker, 
Wendi Hutchinson, Paul Roth. 

• Pastoral Compensation and Ben- 
efits Advisory Committee: Wanda 
Button, Eunice Erb Culp, loseph 
Hinish, lames King Ir. 

• Committee on Interchurch Rela- 
tions: |im Beckwith, Tim McElwee, 
Dorotha Fry Mason, Belita Mitchell. 

• Brethren Benefit Trust: lanice 
Bratton, Cheryl Ottemoeller Ingold. 
Gary Osborne, Norma leanne 
Hochstetler Shaub. 

• Elector, Bethany Theological 
Seminary (for the laity): Karen Or- 
purt Crim, lames McKinney, David 
Wysong. Peggy Mangus Yoder (in- 

• Elector, Bethany Theological 
Seminary (for the ministry): Susan 
Stern Boyer, ludith Gibble Kipp. 
Karen Peterson Miller, Michael Titus. 

Additional Annual Conference infornialion is 
available on the denomination 's official web site 
at litlp://Hiin\\,'ac/inde.y.htin 

March 1998 Messenger 7 

staff changes are announced 
by three organizations 

Carol Bowman of Wenatchee, 
Wash., has been appointed half-time 
Congregational Life Team staff for 
Area 5. A legal assistant when hired. 
Bowman previously served as sup- 
port staff for the Oregon/Washing- 
ton District. 

Guillermo Encarnacion has re- 
signed as interim Dominican Repub- 
lic representative, effective March 
27. He has held this position since 
June 1994. He will continue pastor- 
ing Alpha and Omega Church of the 
Brethren, Lancaster, Pa. 

Larry Click, who has served as as- 
sociate executive of Shenandoah 
District for 1 5 years, has resigned ef- 
fective March 3 1 . He plans to spend 
more time with his family. 

Joan Hershey has begun serving as 
quarter-time coordinator of New Life 
Ministries, successor to the General 
Board's Andrew Center; she had been 
the center's lead congregational ad- 
viser. She has leadership experience in 
many denominational settings. 

Linda McCauliff of lohnstown. 
Pa., has begun serving as half-time 
Area 1 Congregational Life Team 
member. She continues serving 
Western Pennsylvania District as 
half-time associate executive. 

Howard Miller of Westminster, Md., 
retired Dec. 51 from the General 
Board staff. He had served as a finan- 
cial counselor since January 1993. 

Nada Sellers, pastor of Pasadena 
(Calif.) Church of the Brethren, has 
begun serving as half-time staff for the 
Area 5 Congregational Life Team. She 
has served as ad- _ ^^ 

viser for students 
at Fuller School of 
Theology, as an 
associate pastor, 
and as a chaplain. 

Rebecca Slough, 
assistant profes- 
sor of Ministry 

Curat Bowman 

Laii\ Cliik 

Howard Miller 

[oan Hershev 

Donald Mvers 

Guillerino Encainacion 

Rebecca Slough 

Craig Smith 

Studies and director of Congrega- 
tional and Field Education at 
Bethany Theological Seminary, has 
resigned to join the faculty of Associ- 
ated Mennonite 
Biblical Seminar- 
ies, Elkhart, Ind. 

Craig Smith, se- 
nior pastor of 
Eaton (Ohio) 
Church of the 
Brethren, has been 
called to serve as 
executive of At- 
lantic Northeast 
District by April 1. 
Smith has served 
the Eaton congre- 
gation since 1989. 
Carol Yeazell of 
Valrico, Fla., has 
begun serving as 
half-time Area 3 
Life Team member 
and as half-time 
executive of At- 
lantic Southeast 
District. She has 
served as interim 
pastor of Winter 
Park (Fla.) Church 
of the Brethren, 
and as executive of 
the United States/ 
Mexico Chamber 
"*t ^ ' of Commerce — 

^"^^ mtmiiM Gulf States Re- 
Carol )ea:ell gion. 

Linda McCauliff 

Nadu Sellers 

Solid management and strong donor support result in a positive year for the General Board 

The Church of the Brethren Gen- 
eral Board's preliminary 1997 audit 
shows that it may close its books 
about $500,000 ahead of projec- 
tions made in October. 

With the Board's redesign, which 
reduced its budget by $2,000,000 
from 1996 through 1997, finance 
staff were unable to precisely pro- 
ject end-of-the-year totals, as 

nearly one-third of the Board's em- 
ployees were released during the 
year. Thus, projections were based 
on budgeted income and expense 
parameters. Though income came 
in close to budget, expenses were 
about $450,000 under budget. 

"Expenses were contained 
through employee vacancies han- 
dled through heroic staff efforts 

during transition times, deferred 
maintenance and purchases, and 
other one-time savings," said |udy 
Keyser, treasurer. "These results are 
uplifting as we end a year of transi- 
tion for the General Board." 

Other factors included good re- 
sponse to an end-of-the-year mail 
campaign, solid investments, and 
strong individual donations. 

8 Messenger March 1998 

Children from across the Church of the Brethren are 

iencouraged to send care packages to North Korean children in 
an initiative sponsored by the General Board's Brethren Witness 
office. "North Korean children are in need of the simple necessi- 
ties of life," said Brethren Witness director David Radcliff. "This 
is a chance for our children to respond to this need." 

According to Kim Joo, Korean-born consultant to Brethren relief 
efforts, North Korean children have "almost nothing" following two 
years of floods and drought, and a deteriorating economy. 

Brethren children are being asked to enclose several of these 
items in ziplock bags— nail clippers, vitamins, gloves, adhesive 
bandages, toothbrushes, combs and brushes, underclothes, 
vaseline, lotion, soap, crayons and paper, and pens and pen- 
cils—and send them to the Brethren Witness office in Elgin, III. 
For more information, call Radcliff at 800 323-8039. 

Is there a correlation between the world's environment and 
human health? It so, how should people of faith respond? 

Answers to these questions are included in "Your Health and the 
Environment; A Christian Perspective," a new study/action guide for 
congregations produced by General Board staff Shantilal Bhagat. 

"This is a unique resource because there aren't any resources 
that we know of that comprehensively link human health, the 
environment, and the effect of toxics," Bhagat said. 

Ten thousand copies of the 1 3-part study series are being dis- 
tributed throughout the Church of the Brethren and other member 
communions of the National Council of Churches. Cost is $7.50; 
order from Brethren Press at 800 441 -371 2. 

The General Board's centralized offices site committee 

met in early January at the Church of the Brethren General 
Offices in Elgin, III. The committee, which has representatives 
from the General Board, the Annual Conference office, and 
Brethren Benefit Trust, used the time to do exactly what it did in 
November when it visited the Brethren Service Center in New 
Windsor, Md.: It toured the facility and met with the local devel- 
opment director of a government or civic organization. 

The committee will present a progress report to the General 
Board this month. There is the expectation that the committee will 
include its final site recommendation in the report because that 
recommendation, originally scheduled to be made last March, was 
extended for one year. However, Joseph Mason, interim executive 
director of the General Board, would not elaborate if the commit- 
tee's presentation would truly be a progress report or a final 
recommendation, underscoring the need for General Board mem- 
bers to receive the committee's report before details are publicized. 

A consultation on ministerial training and leadership devel- 
opment was held Jan. 22-25 at Bethany Theological Seminary in 
Richmond, Ind. Nearly 50 Bethany faculty, district executives. 
General Board staff, and resource people gathered to discuss 
further development of ministry education and to focus on the 
current five-year denominational emphasis on ministry and lead- 
ership development. 

Focusing on ministry. Rick Gardner. Bethany Theological 
Seminary's academic dean and associate professor of New 
Testament Studies, described the historic consultation on 
ministerial training and leadership development held at 
Bethany in January as a landmark meeting tliat brought 
together several partner agencies involved in ministry in 
the Church of the Brethren, giving them an opportunity to 
"articulate basic understandings of ministry that can serve 
as a common reference point for our respective programs. " 

The two primary goals were to develop a core of shared under- 
standings of the nature of ministry in the Church of the Brethren, 
and to do initial work on developing a partnership model for 
mentoring people who enter the ministry. Various presentations 
by participants discussed ministry from biblical, historical, and 
cultural perspectives. Presentation papers will be published in a 
future issue of Brethren Life and Thought. 

The presentations served as valuable resources for small 
group dialog that led to the development of a working paper This 
paper and further discussions on mentoring will be part of the 
agenda for the May meeting of the Ministry Advisory Council, 
which is composed of members of various ministry-related 
Brethren organizations. The Council will explore options for 
engaging districts and congregations in the conversation about 
ministry that the consultation set in motion. 

Eight week-long Peace Camps for people of all ages will be 
offered this summer by On Earth Peace Assembly. These camps, 
a new ministry for the independent Church of the Brethren orga- 
nization, will be held at the Brethren Service Center, New 
Windsor, Md. Most of the leadership will be provided by Church 
of the Brethren members. 

"Through these weekly Peace Camps, On Earth Peace Assem- 
bly is moving well beyond its traditional day-long and 
weekend-long peace education programming that only provides 
sufficient time to introduce issues related to faith-based peace- 
making," said Tom Hurst, OEPA director "Week-long camps that 
focus on particular peacemaking themes will provide sufficient 
time for an intense yet enjoyable experience." Hurst added that 
the Peace Camps are not intended to replace the traditional 
summer church camp experience; they are additional ways for 
people to spend one summer week. 

Camp costs range between $210 and $250, which includes 
room, board, tuition, and materials. Contact OEPA at 41 635- 
8705 for more information or applications. 

March 1998 Messenger 9 

The five area coordinators of 

Congregational Life Teams met in 
Elgin in January with Glenn 
Timmons. director of Congregational 
Life Ministries. They are, front row: 
Jeff Glass, fulie Hostetter Glenn 
Timmons. Back row: David Smalley, 
Ian Kensinger. and Beth Sollenberger 
M or phew. 

At your service! 

Congregational Life Teams, the latest prograjn ijiitiative from 
the General Board, are in place and ready to assist congregations. 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

It is long-awaited, the newest 
program of the redesigned Gen- 
eral Board staff, and it is 
launched. It is the Congregational 
Life Teams, currently 12 newly hired 
full-time and part-time staff mem- 
bers assigned to assist congregations 
and districts in doing the work of 
ministry. Amid the hope and uncer- 
tainty of a risky new venture, the 
CLTs are open for business. 

"Exciting" is the word that kept 
coming up in a group discussion 
with the five CLT area coordinators 
at a January training session in Elgin. 

"It is exciting to be part of something 
new," says Julie Hostetter of 
Roanoke, Va., coordinator of Area 3, 
which includes southeastern dis- 
tricts. "This is the most proactive 
thing in the church right now." 

"It's exciting to work at rebuilding 
connections and partnerships that 
have been lost," says Ian Kensinger 
of Hummelstown, Pa., coordinator of 
Area 1, the northeastern districts. 

Of the "peacefully, simply, 
together" trio, Beth Sollenberger 
Morphew picks out the latter as her 
vision for the new venture. "We want 
to develop ties that put us in the 
'together' category." Sollenberger 

Morphew is coordinator of Area 2, 
the midwestern districts. 

The idea comes from Ephesians 
4:12, in which various leaders in the 
church were named "to prepare God's 
people for works of service, so that 

the body of Christ may be built up " 

The Congregational Life Teams plan 
to do their work by responding to 
inquiries from churches or districts, 
performing consultations by request, 
and providing resources to congrega- 
tions, according to Glenn Timmons, 
director of Congregational Life Min- 
istries on the General Board staff. 
Team members expect to be offering 
workshops on a variety of subjects. 

10 Messenger March 1998 

providing leadership development and 
continuing education experiences. 

While each team member brings 
different talents and gifts, all are 
expected to have some knowledge of 
six core subjects of importance to 
congregations: worship, spiritual 
development, stewardship education, 
evangelism, small member churches, 
and urban and ethnic ministries. On 
all these subjects, if the Congrega- 
tional Life Team can't provide the 
needed service directly, then it will try 
to find the kind of expertise that will 
be of help. And if a person assigned to 
one geographical area has expertise 
needed in another, there is nothing to 
prevent that CLT member from trav- 
eling across area boundaries. 

Timmons emphasizes that the first 
step for CLTs — before seminars, 
resources, or consultations — is build- 
ing relationships within the wider 
church. This involves three types, he 
says: building relationships with God. 
building relationships with congrega- 
tions and districts, and building 
relationships with the ministry areas 
of the General Board program. 
"Relationship is the vehicle for min- 
istry and mission," Timmons says. 

Realizing that it is a new concept for 
the General Board to have staff assigned 
to relate to congregations, the Congre- 
gational Life Team members want to be 

careful to go only where they're invited 
and welcome. Yet they're eager to solicit 
those invitations. "Early on we'll be in 
conversation with pastors," Timmons 
says. District executives, seen as key to 
the program's success, are also being 
carefully consulted. Planners hope that 
by increasing the resources available to 
congregations, CLTs will be viewed as a 
welcome companion to district min- 
istries. "We will need to sell ourselves," 
Timmons says. He says Congregational 
Life Teams will be interpreting the Gen- 
eral Board's mission and programs to 
congregations which may not be familiar 
with all the ministry areas in the 
redesigned structure. 

T^he CLTs hope congregations 
will ask for help. "A healthy con- 
gregation will have a clear sense 
of mission, purpose, and focus," Tim- 
mons says. "We can help them find the 
resources and gifts to be in mission." 
Timmons knows that not all congrega- 
tions and districts will make use of the 
Congregational Life Teams. "Some 
congregations have plenty of confi- 
dence and plenty of resources, and may 
not use this service," he says. "Others 
may have low self-esteem and lack of 
clarity about their mission. Or they may 
disagree with what they perceive as the 
theology of the General Board. They 
may not ask for help either. We expect 

Meet the team 

By inid-lunuary. 12 Congregational 
Life Team members had been hired — 
4 full time and 8 half time. Three 
more half-time CLTs were expected to 
be added to the staff 
The team members are: 

Area I 

Jan Kensinger, coordinator. Currently 
a resident of Hummelstown, Pa., she 
grew up in Roaring Spring, Pa. She 

received her B.S. degree from Juniata 
College and is currently a student at the 
Bethany Seminary satellite and Lan- 
caster Theological Seminary. Kensinger 
served as associate for youth ministry 
and then as associate district executive 
in Atlantic Northeast District from 
1983 to 1996. Recently she served as 
pastor and chaplain at Brethren Home 
Community in New Oxford, Pa. She is 
a member of the board of the Associa- 

most requests will come from those 
churches in between." 

By having staff members deployed 
around the country, the General Board 
hopes to reverse some of the perception 
that power and decisions are concen- 
trated at denominational headquarters, 
and recognize that the strength of the 
denomination is in its churches. "Our 
job will be getting out there." Timmons 
says. "We need to be in front of people. 
If we make ourselves available we'll get 
more requests." 

Congregational Life Team coordina- 
tors acknowledge that their work may 
remain somewhat vague until they get 
some experience and a track record. 
The areas to be served are huge and 
the staffs small. "There's much more 
work than human resources," says Ian 
Kensinger. leff Glass, CLT coordinator 
for Area 5, the western states, recalls 
the biblical example of lethro con- 
fronting IVIoses about the need to 
delegate work. "We may ask for volun- 
teers to help us," he says. 

These ministry pioneers know that 
many in the church are skeptical of the 
General Board's new venture, but 
many also are hopeful that it will suc- 
ceed and flourish. David Smalley, CLT 
coordinator for Area 4, the Plains dis- 
tricts, expresses his optimism this way: 
"Transitions hold the possibility 
for transformation." 

tion of Brethren Caregivers and 
serves as ABC's treasurer. Telephone: 
(toll free) 888-411-4275. 

Linda McCauliff (half-time). A 
resident of lohnstown, Pa., she will 
continue to serve half time as the 
associate district minister tor 
Western Pennsylvania District. An 
ordained minister, McCauliff com- 
pleted the three-year reading course, 
graduated from TRIM, and is cur- 

March 1998 Messenger 1 1 

rently enrolled in a degree completion 
program at Geneva College in Beaver 
Falls, Pa. Telephone: 814-254-1048. 

Donald E. Myers (half-time). 
Donald is currently serving as the 
interim district executive for South- 
ern Pennsylvania District. He is an 
ordained minister and the moderator 
of the East Fairview (Pa.) congrega- 
tion where he has been active teacher, 

Sunday school superintendent, 
church secretary, and youth advisor. 
Myers retired as principal of the Dal- 
lastown Area Middle School in 1997, 
a position he held for 20 years fol- 
lowing four years as assistant 
principal. He serves as adjunct pro- 
fessor for the Education Department 
of York College of Pennsylvania. 
Myers received his B.A. degree 

from Elizabethtown College, has an 
M.Ed, from Western Maryland Col- 
lege, and an Ed.D. from Temple 
University (Philadelphia). He and his 
wife, Doris, live in York, Pa., and have 
three sons and two grandchildren. 

Area 2 

Beth Sollenberger Morphew, coordi- 
nator. A resident of Elgin, III., She 

Area 2 

David Sinallev 

12 Messenger March 1998 

grew up in Pennsylvania. She received 
iier undergraduate degree from [uni- 
ata College and her master of divinity 
degree from Bethany Theological 
Seminary. Since 1994 she has served 
as the director of stewardship educa- 
tion on the General Board staff. 
Before that she served as associate 
pastor of the Sebring (Fla.) congrega- 
tion for two years, pastored the 
Pleasant Hill (Ohio) congregation for 
five years, and was co-pastor of the 
Hagerstown (Md.) congregation for 
two years. Telephone: 800-325-8059. 

Duane Grady (half-time). Grady 
will continue his responsibilities as 
co-pastor of the Northview Church of 
the Brethren in Indianapolis, Ind. He 
has an M.A.Th. degree from Bethany 
Theological Seminary. Prior experi- 
ence includes serving as program 
associate at the Lombard Mennonite 
Peace Center, Lombard, 111., coordi- 
nator of the Iowa Peace Network in 
Des Moines, and executive director of 
the Interfaith Council for the Home- 
less in Chicago. Grady is coordinator 
of TRIM in South/Central Indiana 
District. Telephone: 517-546-5220. 

lames L. Kinsey (half-time). A resi- 
dent of Lake Odessa, Mich., Kinsey 
will continue his responsibilities as dis- 
trict minister in Michigan District. He 
grew up in Mt. Morris, 111., and is a 
graduate of Manchester College and 
Bethany Theological Seminary. He is 
certified as a trainer and coordinator 
for rural/small town congregations. He 
has served as pastor of the First Church 
of the Brethren in Marion, Ohio, and 
Hope Church of the Brethren in 
Freeport, Mich. Most recently Kinsey 
served the denomination as interim 
co-director of the Ministry office. Tele- 
phone: 616-574-8066. 

Area 3 

Julie Hostetter, coordinator. A resi- 
dent of Roanoke, Va., Hostetter was 
raised in Palmyra, Pa. A graduate of 
Lebanon Valley College, she received 
her M.Div. from United Theological 
Seminary in Dayton, Ohio. She has 
been a co-pastor with her husband, 

Michael, in an urban congregation; 
an adjunct faculty member and 
administrator at United Theological 
Seminary; an interim pastor of 
Chesterfield Fellowship Church of 
the Brethren in Virlina; and a minis- 
ter of music at West Richmond 
Church of the Brethren, Richmond, 
Va. Telephone: 540-562-2884. 

Carol Yeazell (half-time). Yeazell 
will also serve as half-time executive 
minister for Atlantic Southeast Dis- 
trict. An ordained minister, she has 
served as interim pastor for the 
Winter Park Church of the Brethren 
in Winter Park, Fla. She is fluent in 
Spanish and has had extensive experi- 
ence in Puerto Rico and Central 
America. She has served as executive 
director of Beth-El Farm Worker 
Ministry in Florida, and most 
recently as executive direcor of the 
US — Mexico Chamber of Commerce, 
Gulf States Region. She also operated 
a family business for 25 years. She 
and her husband, Gene, and daughter, 
Melody, live in Valrico, Fla., and are 
members of the Good Samaritan 
Church of the Brethren in Brandon. 
Telephone: 815-654-5054. 

Another half-time CLT member is 
expected to be hired for Area 5. 

Area 4 

David Smalley, coordinator. A resi- 
dent of St. fohn, Kan., Smalley is 
pastor of the Eden Valley Church of 
the Brethren. He will continue half- 
time in that position until April, when 
he will become full-time as Congrega- 
tional Life Team coordinator. He grew 
up in Florida, where he attended the 
Winter Park Church of the Brethren. 
He is a graduate of Manchester Col- 
lege and has taken course work at 
Bethany Theological Seminary. Smal- 
ley pastored the Pittsburg (Ind.) 
Church of the Brethren and the 
Fairview (Pa.) Church of the Brethren. 
He has been active on district boards 
and camping programs. Telephone: 
(loll free) 888-526-9589. 

Another half-time CLT member is 
expected to be hired for Area 4. 

Area 5 

Jeff Glass, coordinator (half-time). 
A resident of San Diego, Calif.. 
Glass recently served as pastor of 
First Church of the Brethren in San 
Diego. He is a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of La Verne and Bethany 
Theological Seminary. He has been 
pastor of Laton (Calif.) Church of 
the Brethren and co-pastor at 
Hagerstown (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren. He has served on a 
number of district committees and 
was a founding steering committee 
member of CoBACE. Telephone: 
(toll free) 888-826-4951. 

Carol Bowman (half-time). A res- 
ident of Wenatchee, Wash., Bowman 
was born and raised on the Nigerian 
mission field and returned to teach 
there. She is a graduate of the 
University of La Verne, where she 
has also done graduate work. She is 
a former General Board member. 
She has worked as administrative 
staff support for Oregon -Washington 
district and for a United Church of 
Christ conference, and as a legal 
assistant in a law firm. Telephone: 

Nada Sellers (half-time). Sellers 
will continue to serve half-time as 
pastor of the Pasadena (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren. A graduate 
of Yale University, she has an 
M.Div. from Fuller Theological 
Seminary and is ordained by the 
Church of the Brethren. She is 
moving toward completion ot a cer- 
tificate in the Art of Spiritual 
Direction program from the Center 
for Spiritual Development in 
Orange, Calif. She has served as 
advisor for pre-Ph.D. students at 
Fuller School of Theology, music 
director and then associate pastor at 
First Mennonite Church in Upland, 
Calif., and chaplain coordinator for 
Community Hospice Care, Inc., San 
Bernardino, Calif. She has served 
on the boards of the Center for 
Anabaptist Leadership in Los Ange- 
les and Camp La Verne. Inc. 
Telephone: 626-797-3255. 

March 1998 Messenger 13 


What I remember best 
from my days as a stu- 
dent at Bethany 
Theological Seminary are the stories 
told by the faculty. That solid rabbini- 
cal technique of illustrating lessons 
with sharp and memorable stories was 
used by most of my teachers there. 
One in particular, told by Dale Brown, 
comes to mind. It goes like this. 

There was a godless man who fell 
down a well. During that hopeless 
time he spent at the bottom he discov- 
ered Christ and his need to depend 
upon others. After he was saved from 
the well he wanted to share this great 
gift of grace with others. 

So he went around pushing people 
down wells. 

14 Messenger March 1998 


BY Frank Ramirez 

The point of the story is that most 
of us e.xpect others to find Christ 
exactly as we did, when there are as 
many paths to the good news of salva- 
tion as there are people. I thought 
about this a lot in the wake of the 
debate centering on a few little words. 

Those words are in two Annual 
Conference statements, one from 
1991 that "affirms that |esus Christ is 
the Son of God, savior of the world 

and the head of the church, according 
to the scriptures." The other is from 
the 1995 Annual Conference, which 
called upon members and ministers to 
"clearly affirm the uniqueness of 
lesus Christ as the only divine Lord 
and Savior." In this case the word 
"only" was the focus of the question. 
I have no problem with either state- 
ment, and I suspect that most 
Brethren from Alexander Mack to the 
present would have had no problem 
endorsing these propositions. But 
the debate didn't center on the verac- 
ity of the claim. Rather, concern was 
expressed that this quibbling over 
words might be leading us to a 
creedalism that we have avoided over 
the nearly three hundred years of our 

history. Moreover, some wondered if 
as the years went by we would simply 
'continue to add words and phrases 
luntil we finally had a creed. 

We Brethren have stated that we 
have no creed but the New Testa- 
ment. The New Testament is a lot 
longer than the shorthand theology 
that composes a creed, so the ques- 
tion should be asked, what is a creed, 
and what's wrong with it? 

A creed is a formal statement of 
[belief. It's a very helpful thing to have, 
Ito be honest. Take what is known as the 
fNicene Creed, which I recited every 
, Sunday as a child. It begins like this: 

I "I believe in one God the Father 
Almighty, creator of heaven and earth, 
and of all things seen and unseen. 

"And I believe in one Lord Jesus 
Christ, the only-begotten Son of God. 
Born of the Father before all ages, 
God of God, Light of Light, true God 
lof true God. begotten, not made, 
being of one being with the Father, by 
whom all things were made: who for 
us men and for our salvation, came 
down from heaven, and was made 
flesh by the Holy Spirit of the Virgin 
Mary, and was made man " 

The Nicene Creed is a fairly compact 
statement of faith. What's to argue 
with? Why don't we just have every 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
sign the thing and be done with it? 

I think we Brethren have avoided 
establishing a creed for two reasons. 
The first was that creeds were used by 
state churches as a basis for persecu- 
tion of non-state churches, such as the 
Brethren. They were a litmus test to see 
who fit and who didn't fit within 
boundaries that were not established by 
the Bible but rather by church tradition. 

The second and more important 
reason we have and should continue 
to avoid creeds has to do with the 
way Brethren do Bible study: in com- 
munion with each other. 

No one should be asked to affirm 
either Annual Conference statement 
— or any other faith statement — until 
they have engaged in Bible study. Nor 
is it necessary to do so in order to 
begin the Christian journey. I was 
struck during my study of the Gospel 

of Mark how those who followed 
Jesus least understood who he was. 
The Gerasene Demoniac had no 
questions about the supremacy of 
Jesus. And the Samaritan woman at 
the well saw Jesus and recognized 
him. Yet the disciples, even after wit- 
nessing the calming of the storm or 
the feeding of the five thousand, 
asked each other, "Who then is this?" 
Recognition that Jesus is Lord is 







essential to beginning the Christian 
journey. The rest takes time and may 
involve a different path than my own. 
Remember the man who pushed others 
down wells? When we recite a creed 
without doing the work, we're assum- 
ing we can get there by the same road. 
But Paul's journey was different from 
that given to Apollos and Priscilla and 
Aquila and Peter and all the rest! 

Of course that means we won't all 
share the same signposts or land- 
marks as are found on someone else's 
journey. We have to trust God to 
bring people to the kingdom by a path 
he has chosen. But the destination, 
the New Jerusalem, will be the same. 

One fact scripture readers discover 
is that believers coming to the text can 
honestly understand the words of the 
Bible itself in a different fashion. 
Study of not only English translations, 
but also the original biblical language, 
can lead to honest debate. What is 
actually expressed in the Bible, and 
what is based on interpretation over 
the centuries? You would be surprised 
how many basic assumptions shared 
by Christians have no basis in the text 
of the New Testament. 

A few years ago I attended a confer- 

ence at Elizabethtown College on the 
social transformation of the Church 
of the Brethren. Chris Bucher. an 
associate professor of religion there, 
gave one of the addresses, and called 
to mind her childhood memory of her 
grandmother's old black leather- 
bound Schofield Bible, which had the 
place of honor in the middle of the 
living room. She recalled how more 
attention was given to carefully dust- 
ing around it than in reading it. 

So in her talk called "Brethren and 
the Bible in the 20th Century," Bucher 
warned that "US culture treats the 
Bible as an icon, and venerates it as an 
object without paying attention to its 
contents." She quoted statistics that 
seemed to indicate that while both 
Brethren and American society under- 
stood the Bible to be the word of God, 
most people have a profound igno- 
rance regarding it, and only 1 7 percent 
read it daily. She encouraged regular 
Bible study, noting, "Brethren have 
used scholarly methods for the pur- 
pose of discovering the meaning of the 
Bible for our day. and not to discredit 
it." Bucher stressed that historically 
Brethren have read the Bible with the 
assumption that it should lead to action. 

if we were to agree that Bible study 
is essential to form faith statements, 
the next question is, what sort of 
Bible study? If we all read the scrip- 
tures and came up with different 
interpretations, how do we decide 
which is the right one? 

Recently I called upon all members 
of my church to take part in ten- 
week Bible studies, and more than 
half signed up. Also I led a small 
group through a program of reading 
the entire Bible in one year. 

In both these endeavors I tried to 
model what I think is the true, bibli- 
cal method of Bible study. I learned a 
lot about this method through a lec- 
ture given by Reneeta J. Weems at 
the "Consultation on Biblical Liter- 
acy," which 1 attended with several 
members of the Church of the 
Brethren in February 1994. 

Weems, a professor of Old Testament 
at Vanderbilt University, who was an 
economist before she became an 

March 1998 Messenger 15 

ordained elder in tiie African Methodist 
Episcopal Churcii, suggested tliat the 
best way to promote biblical literacy 
might not have anything to do with 
promoting more Bible reading. 

Speaking about people who lived 
during what we might call "Bible 
Times," she said, "Reading and 
formal study were privileges and lux- 
uries for the mass of people eking 
out a living. Religious instruction 
was an oral event, done in commu- 
nity, not in print, and done within 
the context of worship." 

In examining the biblical record 
Weems suggested that "private study 
of the written text was unheard of." 
She focused on consistent use of the 
words "hear" and "tell" in the Bible 
to emphasize the oral nature of the 
biblical experience. 

She was especially drawn to the 
story of the Ethiopian eunuch in the 
eighth chapter of the Book of Acts. 
In that episode the eunuch is reading 
the Isaiah scroll when the apostle 
Philip is sent to him. According to 
Weems it is "the sole example of 
what we might call scripture study. 

"Even he - a literate slave - cannot 
understand what he is reading. This 
underscores the difference between 
reading and understanding. 

"Interpretation and study are prop- 
erly done in communion with 
believers, in dialog with scripture 
and each other. 

"We have ample evidence through- 
out the world of religious people, 
devout, genuine, authentic, and law- 
abiding, who have never read a page 
of their holy text in their lives." 


Recently the Elkhart Valley Church of 

the Brethren in Elkhart, Ind., held a 

card shower for pastor Frank Ramirez as part of 

Pastor's Appreciation Month. The card from the 

Kauffmann-Kennel family included this cartoon from 

10-year-old Michael Kennel, in which he depicted the 

congregation's reaction to Frank's sermons. Michael 

As an example of the way in which 
community Bible study worked, Weems 
called to mind her childhood in an 
African American Pentecostal church. 

"Elder Riley and Deacon Foxworth 
railed at each other about the mean- 
ing of a text. Thirty adults and one 








child, myself, came early so we could 
watch them trade rhetorical punches 
about the true meaning of the flood, 
the virgin birth, the creation, how 
many [ohns are there anyway in the 
New Testament, and why the rapture 
would more likely take place in the 
day as well as the night." 

She reflected on how often they 
would pause to add, "Do you see 
what I'm saying?" Reading had 
nothing to do with it. 

If you have had the pleasure of read- 
ing a slim volume called The Complete 
Writings of Alexander Mack, published 
by the Brethren Encyclopedia Inc., it is 
clear that this is precisely the method 
of Bible study employed the early 
Brethren. It is for this reason that we 

refer to Mack only as a "co-founder" 
of the church. The Brethren in concert 
studied scripture for the answers to 
hard questions, and they emphasized 
that again and again in their writings. 
They read the Bible together and 
formed their conclusions jointly. 
Brethren have long felt that Bible 
study is group study, because we are a 
people, not primarily persons. 

One advantage to group study over 
individual study is that it provides a 
system of checks and balances. Many 
people approach the text as if it were a 
tool. They may have an aim in mind, 
and select verses that support their 
argument. They then expect others to 
jump through these biblical hoops so 
that they reach the same conclusions. 

The larger the circle of Bible study, 
the better. You may begin with a 
small group in your church, and then 
draw in others. Take advantage of 
district conference and Annual Con- 
ference Bible studies, as well as those 
available in the larger Christian body. 
Curriculum aids published by 
Brethren Press are helpful tools. 

Signing on to a creed is like read- 
ing the end of a book without going 
through all the intervening chapters. 
It's trying to bypass the process. You 
can't. Studying the Bible together is 
an important first step. It's an inte- 
gral part of being Brethren, of being 
Christian. In this way you can be 
open to where the word of God wants 
to lead you, not where you want 
the word of God to end up. 


Frank Ramirez is pastor of the Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren in Elkhart, Ind.. 

is the nephew of Joel Kauffmann, 
author of the popular Pontius Puddle 
comic featured in, among other 
places, Messenger. Michael often 
illustrates Frank's sermons as well. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents irivolving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Messenger, Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave,, Elgin, IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at 

16 Messenger March 1998 

As far as the eye could see, in every direction, there was 
nothing — no trees, no shrubbery, only reddish-brown dirt, 

like a smoothly harrowed field. 

Tracing footprints in the isbij 

BY Joseph M. Mason 

My name is Joseph. I do not 
own an "Amazing Techni- 
color Dream Coat." I am 
not a frequent dreamer, nor am I 
gifted as an interpreter of dreams. 

Nevertheless, several weeks ago I 
had a very vivid dream. I found myself 
in the middle of what appeared to be a 
huge field. The soil looked like the red 
clay of Orange County, Va., near 
where I lived as a child. 

As far as the eye could see, in every 
direction, there was nothing — no 
trees, no shrubbery, only reddish- 
brown dirt, like a smoothly harrowed 
field, it was like being lost in a great 
desert. I did feel lost. I had no sense 
of direction. 

Then I began looking around more 
intently. Finally I looked behind me. 
There behind me, as straight as one 
might draw a line, as far as I could 
see, were my footprints in the soil. 

I now knew the direction from 
which I had come. 1 now knew that I 
could turn and follow my footprints 

back. Or I could keep going straight 
ahead, guided by the line that had 
brought me thus far. Or I could go to 
the right or the left. 

I no longer felt disoriented or lost. 
I felt relaxed and confident. Since 
the direction from which I had come 
became clear to me, I was sure I 
could now find my way. 

Not long before I dreamed this 
dream, I read an article by Dale 
Stouffer in a journal called Old Order 
Notes. Stouffer addressed the ques- 
tion of where Brethren have come 
from — tracing their footprints in the 
soil. The theme or thread that he sees 
running all through Brethren history, 
from Schwarzenau to the present, is 
discipleship — being a follower of 
lesus, living according to the example 
and teachings of jesus. While others 
developed creeds, christological 
understandings, doctrinal positions, 
liturgical practices, the Brethren 
focus was to "live according to the 
example and teachings of |esus." 

Surely Brethren have not taken 
lesus Christ more seriously than 

many others. Others have placed 
great emphasis on the meaning of 
lesus" death and resurrection, the 
meaning of grace, of the atonement. 
Recently, leading scholars have been 
examining with new fervor who |esus 
was and what he said and did. 

But Brethren in general have not 
emphasized scholarly pursuits, or 
even rigid biblicism. Rather, we have 
put our emphasis on walking in his 
steps, seeking to "live according to 
the example and teachings of (esus." 

When I saw those footprints in the 
soil, and when I saw juxtaposed along- 
side them a clear Brethren theme, 
tracing from the present back to our 
beginnings, I was overwhelmed with 
the feeling that we are not lost, that we 
do have a sense of direction. I knew 
then that I would come to Elgin to join 
in "continuing the work of jesus. rrj" 
Peacefully. Simply. Together." I 

Joseph M. Mason began January 5 as 
interim executive director of the Church of the 
Brethren General Board. This article is 
abridged front a chapel message given to 
employees at the General Offices in Elgin. III. 

March 1998 Messenger 17 


Story and photos 
BY Nevin Dulabaum 

When three vandals on 
March 31, 1996, decided 
that the quaint, one-room 
Butler Chapel A.MT. church 7.5 
miles northwest of Orangeburg, 
S.C., was too much of a nuisance, 
they broke into that building — which 
is set back one-tenth of a mile off the 
main highway — and, in an act of vio- 
lence and hatred, set it on fire. 
If destruction was their goal, the 

18 Messenger March 1998 

racially motivated arsonists couldn't 
have known what they were doing. 
This past January, Butler Chapel 
dedicated a beautiful, new facility, 
which stands today largely because 
the Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries decided to coordinate 
its largest construction project ever. 
Some 200 Brethren volunteers and 
about 300 other volunteers from 
Butler Chapel, 10 churches from 
Maine, a Presbyterian church from 
New York, and an A.M.E. congrega- 

tion from Pennsylvania labored on 
the construction project under the 
direction of Brethren supervisors. 
Many of the volunteers — Brethren 
and non-Brethren — returned for the 
dedication weekend. The Brethren 
who returned arrived by car, plane, 
and — for a group of about 40 — on 
the York (Pa.) First Church of the 
Brethren bus. 

Thus, the 500-plus people who at- 
tended the three-day dedication event 
in January were there to celebrate, 
dedicate, honor God, and to reunite 

Rocking the church. /I 

number of choirs and 
singing groups that 
produced toe-tapping, 
hand-clapping, get-on- 
your feet music were 
featured throughout the 
dedication weekend. 
Often the congregation 
sang along, like this group 
of Brethren from Indiana 
and Virginia (below). 

with fellow volunteers. Lines of all 
kinds — race, age, gender, religious 
affiliation, geography — were tran- 
scended in this spiritually charged 
reunion making it one of those "you 
had to be there in person" events to 
fully absorb the emotions, sights, 
sounds, and presence of God that ra- 
diated throughout. 

Several worship services that fea- 
tured multiple speakers and building- 
rocking music from a variety of choirs 
were the weekend's focal points. Each 
service leading up to the Sunday af- 

From preaching to greeting, lohn Hurst Adams, presiding A.M. E. 
bishop (above left), preached during the Butler Chapel dedication 
service and then presented pastor Patrick Mellerson with a $50,000 
check to help pay for rebuilding costs. 

(.Above) Lydia Walker and Miller Davis of the General Board's 
Emergency Response Service Ministries greet Mellerson in his study 
during their tour of the new Butler Chapel church. .Around 
Mellerson's neck is his 1997 .Annual Conference name tag, which he 
proudly wore throughout the dedication weekend. 

March 1998 Messenger 19 

standing proud. The new 

Butler Chapel church is 

located on a 7. 5 -acre 

parcel of land, about a 

quarter mile away from 

the old church. Though 

the old structure will 

eventually be razed, 

Butler Chapel will 

continue owning the I ^ 

acres that building sil^^ 

on, which includes the 

congregation's cemetery. 

ternoon dedication honored a differ- 
ent group that had participated in the 
project. One commonahty among the 
services was the frequent use of the 
word "miracle," with many examples 
of miracles cited. 

After the former Butler Chapel 
building was burned, local authorities 
were slow to investigate the crime un- 
til several people with ties to the local 
media learned of the details at a 

restaurant while being waited on by a 
church member's granddaughter. But- 
ler Chapel pastor Patrick Mellerson 
soon found himself in Washington, 
D.C., attending a summit on the 
black church burnings epidemic in 
the south with President Clinton and 
other national and state officials. 
Mellerson's appearance in Washing- 
ton led to Butler Chapel's involve- 
ment with the National Council of 

Crusader for Christ. With pastor Patrick Mel- 
lerson to his right, pastor Samuel fenkins of 
Bristol (Pa.) A.M.E. church honors Torin 
Eikenberry. who spent seven months last year 
helping rebuild Butler Chapel as a Brethren 
Volunteer Service worker. Although fenkins 
worked with Eikenberry only one week last 
spring when he volunteered at the project, 
fenkins was so impressed by Eikenberry's 
spirituality and sincerity! that he presented the 
BVSer with a Jerusalem Cross, signifying that 
Eikenberry is a crusader for Christ. 

Churches, which is spearheading a 
multimillion-dollar project of rebuild- 
ing burned black churches. The NCC 
eventually brought Butler Chapel and 
the Church of the Brethren together. 
Several miracles in one. 

Tours of the new church and the 
old — which still stands about a quar- 
ter mile away — offered quite a con- 
trast: The new is fully air condi- 
tioned with a sanctuary, two class- 
rooms, library, social hall, pastor's 
study, choir room, study loft, and 
burglar and closed-circuit television 
systems — amenities that will allow 
the congregation to attract new 
members. Another miracle. 

The new church sits on 7.5 acres of 
land heavily covered with pine trees. 
These trees, according to Mellerson, 
will be slowly harvested for lumber. 
Seedlings will then be planted, thus 
producing additional, perpetual in- 
come. Another miracle. 

And it could be considered a miracle 
that so many of the project volunteers 
felt called to return for the dedication. 

Most poignant, however, is the 
miracle of what brought the Butler 
Chapel volunteers together in the 
first place. 

Prior to 1 997, none of the groups 
that worked on the project knew of 
each other. And yet a denomination, a 
community coalition of churches, and 
two other congregations each spent 
time and money to help rebuild a 
church hundreds of miles away. But- 
ler Chapel members, who could have 
easily given up in the midst of the 
struggles of regrouping and rebuild- 
ing, did not. For months they worked 
with and fed their guests. The single 
thread that tied together these people 
of different religious affiliations and 

20 Messenger March 1998 

different color was their love for 
Christ and their desire to help sisters 
and brothers of God — both testi- 
monies of faith. Miracles, indeed. 

In the midst of the celebrating it 
was announced that the Manchester 
Church of the Brethren in North 
Manchester, Ind., had been de- 
stroyed by fire earlier that week. It 
was evident that Mellerson was af- 
fected by this news, as he had been 
touched by Manchester pastor 
Susan Boyer's two visits to Butler 
Chapel last year. He also was 
touched by Manchester member 
Torin Eikenberry, who for seven 
months last year served as a 
Brethren Volunteer Service worker 
at Butler Chapel. Despite the loss of 
their church, Eikenberry and two 
other Manchester members attended 
the Butler Chapel dedication. 

Saturday night Mellerson announc- 
ed that the service's offering would be 
given to the Manchester church. He 
asked for the congregation to raise 
$ 1 ,000 to help those who helped But- 
ler Chapel when it was in need. At the 
close of the service, Mellerson an- 
nounced that $2,700 was raised. After 
a moment, the sound technician — a 
man with no ties to Buder Chapel 
other than his job — said he didn't like 
odd numbers. "Let's make it an even 
$3,000," he said. Such was the power 
of the Spirit. 

Retired Brethren pastor Glenn Kin- 
sel, who served as project supervisor 

A gift from the heart and hand. 

Gerri Irving (at podium). Miller 
Davis, and Torin Eikenberry 
present a quilt to the Butler 
Chapel congregation on behalf of 
the Church of the Brethren, along 
with a Brethren hymnal and 
accompanying compact disks. The 
quilt was handmade by Louise 
Hartle of Hagerstown. Md.. and 
includes the names of all of the 
volunteer workers. 

(Below) Members of the Manchester 
Church of the Brethren — Ambrosia 
Brown (speaking), Torin Eikenberry, 
and Judy Brown — thank Butler 
Chapel for the $5,000 raised to help 
rebuild their church, which was 
destroyed by fire earlier that week. 

^'1 Hit: AH 

for Emergency Response/ Service 
Ministries, was honored for his be- 
hind-the-scenes work by being asked 
to preach during the Sunday morn- 
ing worship service, the service that 
honored the Church of the Brethren. 

Kinsel said memories of two of his 
life's experiences — privileges he called 
them — were welling up in his soul 
throughout the weekend. The first was 
his experience of standing on the steps 
of the Lincoln Memorial some 35 
years ago to hear Martin Luther King 
Ir. proclaim: "I have a dream." 

"And I have continued to live with 
that dream until the second great ex- 
perience — being asked to be involved 
with the Butler Chapel project. Is this 
not, at least for those here and now 
today, a fulfilling of that dream? Of 

course it is, and we shout hallelujah!" 

In March 1996, the unassuming, 
hidden Butler Chapel church was 
hardly known even by the people of 
Orangeburg. Today the congregation 
resides in a huge, brick structure ad- 
jacent to the highway. A tall steeple 
serves as a beacon calling people in, 
including the church's 500 new 
friends from a handful of states. 

If destruction was the goal of the 
three vandals nearly two years ago, 
they couldn't have known what they 
were doing, for now something 
much more mighty towers 
above that hatred. 

.Additional coverage of t!ie Butler Chapel 
rebuilding and dedication is a)'ailable at the 
official Church of the Brethren tveb site, 
lit tp://\\'>vu: Bret 


March 1998 Messenger 21 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

It is a great name for a mission 
appeal, full of ecumenicity and global 
love. One Great Hour of Sharing 
takes place on March 22 this year, a 
day when members of the Church of 
the Brethren and nine other denomi- 
nations will be encouraged to "be 
transformed" and contribute to a 
special global outreach offering. For 
one great hour Christians of the 
United States will be joining together 
to share their resources with the 
needy of the world. 

The butterfly is the symbol for One 
Great Hour materials that are already 
in the hands of most congregations. 
"The butterfly, long a Christian 
symbol for the resurrection, suggests 
transformation," reads the leader's 
guide. "It reminds us that the world 
can be transformed through the 
power of the risen Christ." Implied 
also is the message that we too can be 
transformed by sharing our gifts and 
resources with those in need. 

Brethren have long been generous 
in their response to One Great Hour 
of Sharing. It is traditionally the 
largest by far of the three major 
denomination-wide offering appeals, 
generally bringing in upwards of 
$250,000 for Church of the Brethren 
programs worldwide. Much of the 
money goes to the overseas work of 
Brethren Volunteer Service. These 
funds also have gone to the New 
Sudan Council of Churches and to 
support work in Nigeria. Brethren 
projects in Europe, India, Latin 

22 Messenger March i9')8 

America, and the Caribbean has been 
aided by the "Great Hour." 

How did the name come about? 
During and after World War II Protes- 
tant churches appealed to their 
members for funds to aid relief and 
reconstruction. In 1946, Episcopal 
Bishop Henry Knox Sherrill chal- 
lenged Episcopalians to raise "one 
million dollars in one hour." Then in 
1949, church leaders from several 
denominations formed an ad hoc 
committee to organize an appeal to 
support the separate campaigns of 
American churches. They issued a 
joint statement that still inspires: "This 
nationwide united effort by America's 
Christians has an importance far 
beyond the practical goal of fund rais- 
ing. For this great joint program will 
not only strengthen the vitally impor- 
tant relief and rehabilitation work of 
the churches overseas, but will also 
prove to all the world how great is the 
power generated when Christians 
unite in a common cause." 

That first year was kicked off with 
a radio program called "One Great 
Hour," which was carried by major 

Pour on! 

A few years ago I walked into the church on Christmas Eve 
to find the usual bustle of deacons finishing the prepara- 
tions for the eucharist, the choir warming up, and families 
hurrying to get a good seat. 1 went to the kitchen and 
greeted the deacon co-chairs, a husband and wife. The 
husband nudged his wife and asked, "Are you going to tell 
him?" To which she responded, "If you don't keep quiet 
I'm going to have to." Dutifully I asked, "What's up?" 

The wife recounted how she had gone shopping for the 
supplies for the eucharist, grape juice and other essen- 
tials. She had brought the grocery bags into her kitchen, 
only to discover that somehow she had picked up prune 
juice instead of grape juice. "What shall we do?" she 
asked. My response: "Pour on. There is no way at this 

networks on Saturday, March 25 at 
10 p.m. President Harry Truman 
brought greetings, and the program 
featured stars of the day Gregory 
Peck and Ida Lupino. The broadcast 
closed with a request that listeners 
attend their local church the following 
morning and make a sacrificial contri- 
bution. More than 75,000 churches 
participated. In 1950 the title "One 
Great Hour of Sharing" was used for 
the first time, with a logo depicting a 
church steeple clock with hands fixed 
at eleven. The "great hour" had 
shifted from Saturday night radio to 
Sunday morning church. 

One Great Hour has always been 
an ecumenical effort, with participa- 
tion varying as denominations 
changed and merged. Currently the 
One Great Hour committee includes 
ten Christian denominations, includ- 
ing the Church of the Brethren, 
which was one of the founding 
denominations. The others currently 
involved are American Baptist 
Churches USA, African Methodist 
Episcopal Zion Church, Christian 
Church (Disciples of Christ), Cum- 

berland Presbyterian Church, Epis- 
copal Church, Presbyterian Church 
(U.S.A.), Reformed Church in 
America, United Church of Christ, 
and United Methodist Church. In 
various ways, all of these churches 
work in cooperation with Church 
World Service, the relief, develop- 
ment, and refugee assistance arm of 
the National Council of Churches. 

Denominational leaders are 
already planning for the fiftieth 
anniversary of One Great Hour of 
Sharing in 1999, and a "Celebration 
Manual" to assist congregations in 
planning next year's appeal has been 
sent with this year's materials. But 
though next year's may be a greater 
hour in terms of the publicity that 
helps to open hearts and hands, par- 
ticipating churches agree that the 
need is great today — just as great as 
it was when the idea was born in 
1949. The need is not only to put 
love into action around the globe, 
but also to "prove to all the world 
how great is the power generated 
when Christians unite in a '^^tti 
common cause. i t 

hour on Christmas Eve you are going to find a store open 
with sufficient grape juice to meet our need." 

It was one of my most memorable Christmas eucharists. 
Standing before the congregation as the trays were passed 
down the pews, I watched as parishioners took a sip, 
looked at the cup, and then swallowed the remainder with 
a quizzical look. 

Following the service one of my deacons with a humorous 
look on his face asked. "Well, parson, what did you think of 
the wine this evening?" To which I responded, "I think it 
made for a wonderfully moving service." — Roger L. Forry, 
PASTOR, Somerset, Pa. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Messenger, Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at 

March 1998 Messenger 23 

mm Pi 1/10^^ 

Oak Brook campus 

Bethany s 

■„%»- ■ ^i ..i^*»..:V?i.-<.>^'', -^i4,,,^3|E«\, 

24 Messenger March 1998 

This winter brought the beginning of 
"site preparation " at the old Oak 
Brook. III. campus of Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary. The work of clearing 
the seminaiy buildings brought both 
the anticipation of new construction 
on the site in the spring and sadness at 
the final destruction of the old. These 
remembrance essays, by two who knew 
and loved the old ccunpus, mark the 
sadness of its demise while expressing 
hope for the future of the seminary in 
its new setting. 

Meanwhile. Bethany President 
Eugene F. Roop reports that plans for 
the development of the property are 

moving along "in good order. " The 
Lombard village trustees were sched- 
uled to vote in late January or early 
February on zoning and annexation 
ordinances necessary to allow site 
plans to proceed. Those plans, which 
had earlier received a unanimous rec- 
ommendation for approval from the 
Lombard planning commission, 
include condominiums, a hotel, sev- 
eral restaurants, and stores. Galyans 
Trading Co. was to go before the 
plaiuiing commission to approve its 
plans for a sporting goods store and 
Amerisuites had scheduled an infor- 
mational presentation on its plans for 
a hotel on the site. Roop said that 
while much work remains to be done 
the seminary's board of trustees is 
"pleased" with progress at the site. 

BY John Cassel 

I feel the need to mark the passing 
of the Oak Brook campus of 
Bethany Theological Seminary 
(1963-1997). For 19 years I hosted 
visitors to the campus and helped 
them explore both the site and the 
school. Our family still lives but a 
short walk to the north. Over the 
past few months we have watched 
the campus buildings demolished 
and its trees uprooted. It's a sad day. 
The new developer promises Christ- 
mas shopping and power lunches 
within the new year. 

I've always considered the Oak 
Brook campus inspired. Paul Robin- 
son, John Eichelberger, Floyd 
McDowell, and a host of others put 
their very souls into the design. They 
hired architect Charles Stade, a Mis- 
souri Synod Lutheran, to help craft a 
suitable place for the Brethren to do 
theological education. Mr. Stade spent 
two years working with the Brethren, 
attending Annual Conference, talking 
with faculty and students. The result, 
while not perfect, was a wonderful 
expression of Bethany and the church 
in the early 1960s. 

The vision was expansive. The 
Brethren had just celebrated their 
250th anniversary, and the campus 
was designed for 250 students. The 
materials and design were, like the 
Brethren, simple, natural, and "of the 
earth." Quality and low maintenance 
were key. The location was part of how 
we understood ourselves. Chicago was 
(and is) a "world class" center for the- 
ological education. The Brethren 
played a small but crucial role in this 
important center. The Brethren helped 
convene, facilitate, and nurture the 
corporate life of the 13 -school Chicago 
area theological consortium. We know 
how to "do community." 

In 1963 the Brethren intended to 
take our heritage gifts out into the 
world. Oak Brook was a happening 
place (note that McDonald's corpo- 
ration also chose the community as 

its international headquarters). The 
seminary campus was oriented out 
toward the world. While focused 
outwardly, the campus had a clear 
center and an open, natural, and 
retreat-like ethos. With two large 
retention ponds and quality land- 
scaping, the campus matured into an 
oasis of green surrounded by too 
much asphalt. An apple orchard, 
planted by an Indiana Sunday school 
class, provided cider and apple sauce 
for a few generations of students. 

A holistic vision nurtured gradu- 
ate students who spent years using 
the campus as home base while they 
developed ministry skills all over 
metropolitan Chicago. A bell tower 
and cross overlooked the entire 
campus — attempting to symbolize the 
sacredness of study, family, recre- 
ation, and leisure, as well as chapel 
worship. The education emphasized 
an experiential approach where stu- 
dents had much responsibility for their 
own education, appropriate for a 
denomination committed to the priest- 
hood of all believers. 

Economic factors precipitated 
discussion of the school's move. 
Unfortunately, our increasingly inter- 
connected economy makes long-range 
planning difficult. Commercial real 
estate never recovered from the 
national savings and loan crisis, and 
visions of a large endowment may not 
be realized. I think the seminary lead- 
ership always assumed a somewhat 
noble purpose for the property — such 
as corporate headquarters or highrise 
offices. But the reality has come down 
to far less: the Village of Lombard is in 
the process of approving a "mixed 
use" for the site: condominiums, 
restaurants, shops, perhaps a hotel. 
Interestingly, the property is being 
developed by the seminary's brokers, 
the Shaw Company. 

Was the Oak Brook Bethany, as an 
expression of the Church of the 
Brethren, run over by the dominant 
culture and American consumerism? 

Only time will tell. The campus is 

March 1998 Messenger 25 

currently an unnaturally barren land- 
scape littered with piles of recycled 
cement, bricks, and wood chips. 
Earth movers have already begun 
transforming the 50 acres into the 
"Fountains of Lombard" with a 
"Wisconsin-like" fountain icon at the 
very corner of Butterfield and 
Meyers to lure shoppers. 

I hang on to the hope that our 
denomination will never lose the her- 
itage and promise that once existed in 
the Oak Brook campus. Perhaps the 

applicable metaphor is a church that is 
no longer tied to our old locations, 
however special. We are a church 
awaiting a new spirit, which will likely 
surprise us coming from where we 
least expect it. I hope we will be open 
enough to sense God's spirit as it 
moves among us. 

John Cassel served Bethany Theological 
Seminary for 19 years as dean of students and 
as director of field education. He currently is 
director of field services for the Illinois Associ- 
ation of School Boards. 

BY Dale W. Brown 

hut ^tt^Ai^ 

I may not have voted to have you 
emerge in Oak Brook's presti- 
gious environs. Some prophets 
said that you were a sign of a growing 
Brethren edifice complex. However, 
when we watched you rise from the 
backyard of our new home, we knew 
you were well designed. 

Martin Marty guided the architects 
to express our heritage in brick, stone, 
and beautiful wood. John Eichelberger 
secured the land in a remarkable way. 
President Paul Robinson and a com- 
mittee chaired by Dean Frantz 
designed a dream campus among lakes 
and virgin plantings. Each edifice was 
placed ideally to sen'e housing, study, 
worship, and management. The chapel 
won an architectural award. In a few 
years the campus was debt-free. Visit- 
ing professors frequently judged the 
classrooms to be the best they had ever 
experienced. Near the end of your 
adolescence the plantings had grown 
so as to portray an established campus. 

Wliy were you bulldozed? You were 
prematurely sacrificed because the land 
was assessed to be of more value than 
you. This would not be true in most 
realms of the world. Such well-con- 
structed and beautiful buildings could 
only be destroyed in a throwaway 
wasteful society. 

I remember sitting in a room at our 
Annual Conference. The seminary had 
hired consultants, who were discerning 
the mind of the church. A wealthy donor 
entered. He asked, "How much will you 
get?" The answer assured: "Between 
forty and fifty million. " The good 
brother responded: "Sell it, sell it! " 

Then the bottom dropped out of the 
market. Kmart made a substantial 
offer, but many factors contributed to 
the rejection of this proposal. One was 
that in turning over your fate to the 
realtor and lawyer, we failed to culti- 
vate relationships with the community, 
except through our excellent field edu- 
cation programs. We had failed to do 
this through the years. Wlxen Bethany 
moved to Oak Brook, we were deter- 
mined to quit offering guest rooms to 
traveling Brethren. As an excellent pro- 
fessional school, we believed it was the 
duty of others to offer training for the 
laity. Only in the last years did we bring 
folk from our congregations for special 
events. Thus the grassroots riever 
developed the attachment to you they 
had for the Van Buren Street campus. 

To anoint your buried remains 
seems to be a strange proposal. We can 
only anoint you on paper, which some- 
day will join you in the earth 's ash pits. 
In the anointing we may wish with you 
that more members of the board had 
joined voices in the community in 

saying: "It would be great if these 
buildings could be used purposely by 
someone else! " Even if this were not 
possible, the words might have helped 
some feel better. Perhaps you can find 
some satisfaction in realizing that your 
beauty forced architects to upgrade 
their aesthetic proposals for your 
replacement. And maybe you have a 
devilish satisfaction in knowing that 
they did not secure the windfall they 
thought they would. Hopefully, there 
will be enough to pay their debts. 

We anoint you to honor you for 
your beautiful presence and sendee for 
us. We do so in praying that the well- 
designed Richmond edifice will 
continue to sen'e Christ and our v 
alued heritage. We anoint you 
because you will continue to abide in 
the memories of so many. We pray that 
the campus at Richmond will provide 
the context for similar sacred memo- 
ries. We anoint you in lielping us work 
through our grief and anger so we can 
forgive and forget and support Bethany 
in its new environs of growing ser 
vants for the church. 

Dale W. Brown is professor emeritus of 
Christian theolog)' of Bethany Theological 
Seminary, where he served on the faculty 52 
years before his retirement. He lives in Eliza- 
bethtown. Pa., where he relates to and teaches 
at the Young Center and at Bethany's Susque- 
hanna satellite, both on the campus of 
Elizabethtown College. 


26 Messenger March 1998 

The Touch of the Master's Hand 

Thfi Ufe of Myra Brooks Welch >. ,:^^>-^ 

Pholo^ In Phil Gn.iK Sion' W WoikIv Mtl-'ajaai 

The Touch of the Nlaster^s Hand has been read aloud, 
set to music, and passed hand to hand for generations. 
Here is an elegant gift version of the beloved poem, 
plus the inspiring story of the woman who wrote it. 

The Story Behind the Touch of the Masters Hand. 
Let it touch your heart. 


$9.95, paper, 48 pages, SVi in. x 6 in. 

Illustrated with graceful black-and-white photographs 

To order, call toll-free 800-441-3712, 
or fax 800-667-8188. 

Brethren Press 

1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 

d^^ P 




"It seems like we are retreating 07i each level 

We need a strong national and global office to lead 
and aid us in our work^. The world needs to hear 
~rom the Brethren. Where is our voice?" 


The world needs Brethren 

Where are the Brethren going? 

This has been of deep concern 
ever since Bethany first talked about 
closing its doors here in Chicago. 
But close those doors they did! With 
their move to Richmond, we lost our 
valuable ecumenical connections 
with the other 1 1 Chicago seminar- 
ies — our Association of Chicago 
Theological Schools. We lost a 
tremendous opportunity for urban 
studies and our strong feminist the- 
ology and peace studies programs. 

At the present time, the Oak Brook 
seminary property has been 
destroyed — buildings, homes, trees, 

Messenger is available on tape 
for people who are visually 
impaired. Each double cassette 
issue contains all articles, letters, 
and the editorial. 

Recommended donation is SIO 
(if you return the tapes to be 
recycled) or $25 (if you keep the 

To receive MeSSENGER-ON- 
Tape, please send your name, 
address, phone number, and 
check made payable to ABC to: 

Association of 
Brethren Caregivers 
1^51 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 

everything. The environment is 
destroyed. The community, the mer- 
chants, the neighbors are all deeply 
upset. What happened to our concern 
for ecology and our neighbors' good? 

We no longer have a director for 
the Washington Office, to represent 
us on the national level, to have a 
voice for the Brethren — a voice 
direly needed by our national lead- 
ers. While 1 appreciate whatever a 
volunteer can do, the Brethren need 
to have one of our respected leaders 
there speaking for us. 

While 1 do not fully understand all 
the reorganization, it seems we will 
no longer have a denominational 
leader and our office will be split into 
pieces in various places. 

So essentially, the seminary has 
moved onto another faith's campus 
in rural Indiana, we have a volunteer 
in an office in Washington, and we 
have general offices downsized and 
dispersed around the country. 

Three steps toward a better world 

STEP 1 : Pick one of the statements below 

• I will write or call for my BVS 
application today. 

• I will talk with about 

BVS and challenge them to apply. 

• 1 will learn more about BVS by get- 
ting information about the program 
and then will share my new know- 
ledge with at least one other person. 

STEP 2: Say it out loud, preferably to 
another person. 


For more information or an application 
form contact the Brethren Volunteer Ser- 
vice Office. (800)y23-8039. 

Have we lost our vision? |esus did 
not tell us to preach to the Brethren. 
We were told to "go into all the 
world and preach the good news to 
all creation" (Mark 16:15). The 
Brethren message of peace, justice, 
and witness needs to be heard. 

It seems like we are retreating on 
each level. We need a strong theolog- 
ical seminary to train our leaders. We 
need a strong Washington Office to 
speak to those who lead our nation. 
We need a strong national and global 
office to lead and aid us in our work. 
The world needs to hear from the 
Brethren. Where is our voice? 

Linda F. Weber 
Lombard, III 

Speechless calling for help 

The Lafiya program has taught us 
many things about wholeness of life and 
that limitations do not detract from 
wholeness. We have learned not to 
expect everyone to stand, kneel, or walk 
up stairs. There are some disorders, 
however, which are not easily recog- 
nized and certainly not understood. 

After many frustrating years with 
a dysfunctional voice, 1 was diag- 
nosed in 1993 with Spastic 
Dysphonia, a rare disorder of 
unknown origin and no known cure. 
It is characterized by a tremulous, 
weak, breathy sound, often strained 
and sometimes reduced to a whisper. 
It is believed to be caused by the 
brain sending incorrect messages to 
muscles controlling the larynx, caus- 
ing them to contract inappropriately. 

I am writing about this because 
persons affected by this disorder 
cannot express it. It has been 
described as "speechless and calling 
for help." Needless to say, it is life- 
altering and extremely frustrating. 

While some churches are respond- 
ing to the needs of handicapped 
people there is still much to be done. 
In a group setting, well-meaning 
folks still insist on each one partici- 
pating, such as introducing oneself, 
reading a verse, or contributing to 
the discussion. It is like asking a 

28 Messenger March 1998 

ivheelchair-bound person to run a 
Ivild dash. It is impossible and 
:;xtremely embarrassing not to be 
ibie to perform in a norma! way. It is 
i very acute form of agony. 

There are some rewards. I am 
earning patience, I've learned to 
isten more, and I realize that my 
;omments are not imperative to a sit- 
jation. In some cases the 
:elemarketers have been scared off! 

Sara G. Wilson 

Mechanicsburg Church of the Brethren 
Camp Hill. Pa. 

Seagoing cowboy 

The article "Brethren remember past 
oy sending 130 cows to Poland" in 
yfour December issue reminded me of 
the seagoing cowboys during the 
years following World War II. Under 
the auspices of the United Nations 
Rehabilitation and Relief Administra- 
tion, numerous ships loaded with 
cows, horses, and mules were trans- 
ported to European countries. 

From the 
On Earth Peace Assembly 

Program Coordinator/ 
Development Associate 

Church of the Brethren peace education 
organization located at the Brethren 
Service Center in New Windsor, Md., 
is seeking a full-time Program Coordi- 
nator/Development Associate to begin 
work on Sept. 1. 1998. Responsibilities 
include carrying out OEPA's Peace 
Academy, Conflict Resolution Teams. 
Summer Peace Camp, Winter Inter- 
Term, and other peace education 
programs, as well as assisting with 
ongoing fund raising efforts. 


Bachelor's degree required. Some 
theological and program management 
experience preferred. Experience with 
computers, conflict resolution, medi- 
ation, and acceptance of the 
scriptural basis of biblical peacemak- 
ing strongly preferred. 

Letters of application, resume, and 
three references must be sent bv March 
31 to: Tom Hurst. OEP.A. PO Bo.v 
188. New Windsor. MD 21776-0188. 

I was one of 52 "cowboys'" aboard 
the ship Clarksville to provide care 
for 700 Holstein heifers and 93 bulls. 

We departed from Newport News, 
Va., on Easter morning, 1946 and 
arrived at Nouyport, Poland, on May 
6. Our trip was all too eventful with 
the death of a 20-year-old boy on the 
third day out, the ship taking a 48- 

degree roll on the 1 1th day, and 
losing 39 head of our herd due to 
sickness that somehow was not 
treated. In spite of these very unfortu- 
nate occurrences, we did arrive safely 
and ours was a mission of help to very 
needy families devastated by the war. 

Byron E. Dell 
Trotwood. Ohio 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to 
Joel Katiffniann, 111 Carter Road, Goshen, IN 46526. $25 for one 
ti?ne use. $1 for second strip in same issue. $J for congregations. 

Classified Ads 


News photographers to cover Annual Conference 
for Messenger. Reply to Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 or e-mail 


Cruise the waterways of Russia from Moscow to 
St, Petersburg. The tour ( U days) leaves Washington, 
D.C. (Dulles Intnl. Airport) on Sept. 4, 1998. An attrac- 
tive price is available. For details contact the tour host, 
Dr Wayne F. Geisert, President Emeritus, Box 40, 
Bridgewater College, Bridgewater VA 22812. Phone 
(540) 433-143.i or (540) 828-5494. 

Travel with a Mission in Understanding People 
to People International delegation visiting Iceland 
and Greenland, Aug. 30 to Sept. 9, 1998. For info,, 
contact delegation leader Enos B. Heisey, Member 
Board of Trustees, People to People International, 157 
Stone Hedge Ct., Lebanon, PA 17042-78076. Tel. (717) 

Travel with a purpose. Missionary jocrneys of St. 
P.M.L, Turkey, & Greece, Man 19-Apr 3, 1998, $2,899. 
For info, write Wendell & Joan Bohrer. 8520 Royal 
Meadow Dr., Indianapolis, IN 46217, Tel./fax (317) 
882-5067. Or write Paul & Geneva White, 3310 Melody 
Ave. SW^ Roanoke, VA 24018-3114, Tel. (540) 776-3289, 
Cruise the Russian waterways, Aug. 7-23, 1998. From 
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czars, on Ist-class cruise ship, 3 meals a day For info, 
write Bohrer Tours, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr., Indi- 
anapolis, IN 46217. Tel./fax (317) 882-5067. 


Cincinnati Church of the Brethren fellowship 

meets for worship & support In n,e, area of Cincin- 
nati, We welcome others to join us or bring needs to 
our attention. Contact us c/o Cincinnati Friends .Meet- 
ing House, 8075 Keller Rd., Indian Hill, OH 45243. Tel, 
(5L^) 956-7733. 

Come worship in the Valley of the Sun with Com- 
munity Church of the Brethren at 111 N. Sunvalley 
Blvd., Mesa, A2 86207. Mail to: 8343 E. Emelita Ave., 

Mesa. AZ 85208, Tel, (602) 357-9811. 


Community mediation and training center in 

northeast Indiana seeking Director of Development 
to coordinate fund-raising and organizational devel- 
opment. Will work with membership, donors, grant 
proposals and generating income from the program 
services. Requires commitment to community peace- 
making and empowerment, ability to work 
collaboratively and demonstrated fund-raising abil- 
ity Salary $25,000-J30,000 4- benefits. Application 
deadline April 15, 1998, For more info, contact: Edu- 
cation for Conflict Resolution, Inc., RO. Box 275, North 
Manchester, IN 46962. Tel. (219) 982-4621. E-mail; 


Diabetics: If you have Medicare or insurance, you 
could be eligible to receive your diabetic supplies at 
no cost. (Insulin-dependent onK',) Call (800) 337-4144, 

March 1998 Messenger 29 



Note; Congregations are asked 
to submit only the names of 
actual new members of the 
denomination. Do not include 
names of people who have 
merely transferred their mem- 
bership from another Church of 
the Brethren congregation. 

Annville, Pa.: Steve and Mary 

Antelope Valley, Billings, 
Okla.: iustin Heinrich. 
Gayton Silvey, Kathy [o 
Silvey, Tammy Brown, 
Darryl Brown. Rick Reaves, 
Pam Reaves, Daron Sharp, 
Sherri Sharp, Kay Ranney, 
Scott Ranney, Doug 
Ranney. Greg O'Laughlin, 
Kurt Vincent, Sue Williams, 
Katlin Harris, Micah Buz- 
zard, Alexia Williams 

Ashland First, Ashland, Ohio; 
Jordan Bowersook, Luke 
Cawood, Tyler Houston 

Beaverton, Mich.: Threse 

Bella Vista, Los Angeles, 
Calif.: Celine Flores, Aaron 
Sainz, Henry Cervantes, 
Mark Aldana, Eileen Flores 

Boise Valley, Meridan, Idaho: 
Margie Lacy 

Bridgewater, Va.: George 
Mason, David and Mabel 
Flora, Mary Rinker, feremy 
Koster, Margaret Spitzer, 
Phillip and Barbara 
Kirakofe, R.V. and |uanita 

Bush Creek, Monrovia, Md.: 
lames Cliber, Betty Auton, 
Dortha Cunningham, 
William Ziegler. Linda 
Ziegler. )odie Flook, |i!I 
Harris, Denise Gobbett, 
Crystal Phelps, Keith 
Phelps, lesse Boggs, Erin 
Boggs, Bruce Elliott, Greg 
Stoner, Megan Burke, 
Edward Smith, Patricia 

Carlisle, Pa.: Mary Graybill, 
Dennis Nickel. Blair 
Walker, Sara Vanasdalen 

Chiques, Manheim. Pa.: Leah 
Hughes. Ashley Swope. 
Audrey Myer, Derek 
Weaver, Steven Myer, 
Randi Myer, Paul Shaffer, 
Liz Shaffer, Norman Yeater, 
Heather Yeater 

Christ the Servant, Cape 
Coral. F!a,: Robert and Mil- 
dred Tingle, Steve and 

Debra Dei Vecchio 

Clover Creek, Martinsburg, 
Pa. iVaierie Acker, Betty 
Ayers, Larry Ayers, Amber 
Baker, Ashley Baker, Jen- 
nifer Bechtel, Chris 
Cunningham, |oe Cun- 
ningham, Mark Dilling, 
Kathy Karns, Kristy Karns, 
Leroy Karns. Beverly 
Ruhlman, lohn Baird, D. 
Bradley Krehl, Kendell 
Krehl. Elliot Krehl, Gail 

Dixon, ill.: George Munnich, 
Pamela Munnich, William 

Dupont, Ohio: Ryan Geckle 

First Church, Reading, Pa.: 
Meg Gauit, Candace 

Florin, Mount loy, Pa.: 
Nathaniel Baum, leffrey 
Dombach, Matt Nissley, |ill 
Hershey, Tara Summy, 
Megan Kline, Sarah Pepper, 
Glenn Wittle. Barb Wittle 

Germantown Brick, Rocky 
Mount. Va.: Susan Flora, 
Brandon Page, April Ander- 
son, Iustin Grubb. Karen 
Quinn Barnhart. Bill Corn, 
Angela Corn, lack Bram- 
mer. Ron Cawley, Arlene 

Green Hill, Salem, Va.: David 
Cossaboon, Betsy Cossa- 
boon, Ruby Schaal, Hope 
Shively, Samantha Shively 

Hartville, Ohio: Eric Poe, 
Debbie Poe. Kerensa Dash 

Live Oak, Calif.: Renate Hak- 
enson, lean Weeks 

Lower Deer Creek, Camden, 
Ind.: lay and Elaine 

Maple Spring, Hollsopple, 
Pa.: Andrew Baraniak, lulia 
Cable, Jonathan Dunmyer, 
Edward Fisher, Michael 
Graham. Jamie Harvey, 
David Koba. Megan 
McDonald, lennifer 
Rummel, Kirby Shaffer, 
Lucas Shaffer, Jeff and Kim 
Thomas, Fern Yarnick 

Memorial, Martinsburg, Pa.: 
Ernest Leckrone. Ida Leck- 
rone, Pauline Keagle, lason 

Middle Creek, Lititz, Pa.: Lisa 
Bollinger, lorden Wenger 

Middlebury, Ind.: Angle 
Bruens, Levi Mellinger, 
Chris Neeley. Julie Swine- 
hart, Rebecca Tallman 

Midland, Va.: Leonard, Doug 
and ludy 

Milledgeville, 111.; ice Leddy. 

Kelly Leddy 

Mohrsville, Pa.: Dolores Hatt, 
Grant Hatt, Nathan Bauer, 
Sara Sealer, Kristen Gross, 
Jennifer Lenz, Matthew 
Lenz, Cathryn Levan, Obi 
Nwoke, Pamela Werley, 
James Kidon, April Ullman 

Monte Vista, Callaway, Va.: 
Kenneth and Shirley Beck- 
ner, Eldridge Altice 

New Carlisle, Ohio: Helen 
Freese, Virginia |enkins, 
Rachel Peterson. Brent 
Taynor, Janice Taynor 

Pomona Fellowship, Pomona. 
Calif.: Carl Cook, Paul 
Sparks, Laura and Jennette 

Poplar Ridge, Defiance, 

Ohio:Paul and Carol Brown, 
Desirae and Amber Arm- 
strong, Dawn Lewis 

Pyrmont, Delphi, Ind.: Betty 
Fingerle, Ron Younker, 
Joseph Hemersback, Nancy 
Hemersbach, Darrin 
Disinger, Tami Disinger, 
Travis Hatfield 

Quakertown, Pa.: Lisa and 
Joseph Armstrong 

Ross, Mendon, Ohio: Peter 
Calvert, Ann Esmond, 
Dennis Knepper 

Sebring, Fla.: Baldomero 

Somerset, Pa.: Alan Keyser, 
Jr., Samuel i. Phillip, 
Connie Phillip. Samuel A. 
Phillip. Carissa Phillip, Kyle 
Moshoider, Edna Durbin. 
Russel Friedline 

St. loseph, Mo.: Mary Jonke. 
lerod Kobzej, Harry Brissett 

St. Petersburg, Fla.: Fred and 
Alba Putnam, Fred and 
Dorothy Harrison. Brinda 
Spearman, Roger and 
lunita Williams, Paul Clay- 
pool, Cassey Lerch, 
Marion Belton, Dorothy 
Crocker, lennie Good, 
Jimmie Good, Bill and 
Marian Goodwin, Myrtle 
Guy. Jennie Hambrick, 
Marie Lewis. Walter and 
Ann Witmer 

Sugar Ridge, Custer, Mich.: 
Richard Coleman, Dawn 
Coleman, Carol Gibbs 

Waynesboro, Pa.: Jennifer 
Angle, Rebecca Angle. ICrys- 
tal Stremmel, Jenniser 

West Charleston, Tipp City, 
Ohio: Verna Sergio 

White Oak, Penryn, Pa,: Kiah 
Wenger, Kirson Wenger. 
leanette Stoner, Carl 

Martin. Shirley Martin. 
Stella Martin, Charmaine 
Martin, Maria Santiago 
Wiley, Colo.: Kima Rayleen 
Miller, Jadelle Adrianne 
Thomas, [arrod Dean 
Sperra. Helen Colvin, Anne 
Oxley, Rod and Julie 


Alexander, Charles and 

Maxine. Warsaw, Ind., 55 
Ballou, lohn and Margaret, 

Roanoke, Va., 50 
Baughman, Doris and George, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 50 
Beck, lames and Ethel, 

Denver, Pa., 56 
Best, Sheldon and Genevieve, 

Rockford, 111., 60 
Cave, Wilmer and Mary, 

Grantville, Pa., 55 
Creech. Harvey and Mary, 

Tipp City, Ohio, 60 
De Seelhorst, Earl and 

Dorothy, Modesto, Calif., 60 
Demuth, Doris and Bill, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 50 
DuBois, Eldon and Virginia. 

Modesto. Calif., 60 
Eichelberger, Ura and Eugene, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 50 
Erwin. Floyd and Isabel, 

Modesto, Calif., 60 
Fawley, Gerald and Ethel, 

Churchville, Va.. 55 
Feather, Eugene and Gladys, 

Martinsburg, Pa., 50 
Flory, Ronald and Norva, 

Rockford, III.. 50 
Frey. Agnes and Elwood, 

Chambersburg. Pa., 50 
George, Dale and Verna, 

Carlisle, Pa., 50 
Gerdes, Robert and Mary Lea, 

Rockford. III., 50 
Hawbaker, Charlotte and 

Harold. Chambersburg, 

Pa., 50 
Heiks, Forest and Arlene, 

Ashland, Ohio, 50 
Holsinger, Glenn and Virginia, 

Martinsburg, Pa,, 50 
Howes, Gene and Geraldine, 

Copemish. Mich., 60 
Keim, Bob and Sybil, Tucson, 

Ariz., 50 
Kurtz, Willis and Hazel, 

Hartville, Ohio. 55 
Landis, Virginia and Menno, 

Chambersburg, Pa.. 50 
Lavy, Daniel and Wilma, 

Uniontown, Ohio, 50 
Leckrone, Sam and Lucy, 

Copemish, Mich., 60 
Lerch, Clifford and Pauline, 

Quakertown, Pa., 50 
Longnecker, Dale and Maxine, 

Rockford, III., 50 
McLucas, Doris and Lloyd, 

Chambersburg, Pa.. 50 
Miller, Fred and Virginia, 

Bridgewater, Va., 50 
Miller, Wayne and Gwen, 

Santa Cruz, Calif., 50 
Moore, Genevieve and Arthur, 

Nampa, Idaho, 71 
Myers, Pam and lohn, Cham- 
bersburg, Pa., 50 ; 
Newcomer, lohn and Helen, 

Rockford, 111., 50 
Price, Bob and Ethel, Carlisle, 

Pa., 55 
Regan, Edward and Ardath, 

Scottville, Mich., 50 
Ringer, Virgil and Cora. 

Alliance, Ohio, 50 
Ritter, Harry and Leah. Akron, 

Pa.. 55 
Rogers. Howard and Enid, 

Wakarusa, Ind., 65 
Schmidt, Eugene and Faye, 

Swanton, Md., 50 
Schumacher, Bill and Bernice. 

Hartville. Ohio, 55 
Shock, Lawrence, and Helen, 

Defiance, Ohio, 60 
Simpson, Glen and Reba, Mt. 

Lake Park, Md.. 50 
Slifer, Sam and Edith, Quak- 
ertown, Pa., 65 
Smith, Delbert and Barbara. 

Newton, Kan., 50 
Speas, loseph and Marguerite, 

Bridgewater, Va., 60 
Stump, Roberta and Ludema, 

Goshen, Ind., 55 
Switzer, Fred and Neva, 

Waterford, Calif., 50 
Thompson, Kenneth and 

Charleen, Freeport, 

Mich.. 50 
Wayne, Edward and Bernice, 

West Reading, Pa., 55 
Whitmore, Harry and Geneva, 

Bridgewater, Va.. 60 
Williams, Harry and Bev. 

Copemish. Mich. 
Wise, Herbert and Mary. 

Hartville, Ohio, 55 
Wong, Seek and Sue, Rock- 
ford, III.. 50 
Zitta, Tony and Irene. Quaker- 
town, Pa., 55 


Beeghly, Randall, Mar. 15, 

1997, Community, 

W. Plains 
Copenhaver, Ronald L., July 

26, 1997, White Oak, 

Atl. NE 
Coursen, Robert, Aug. 28. 

30 Messenger March 1998 

1997, Happy Corner. 

roushorn, Luke A., Nov. 8. 

1997, Nokesville, Mid-Atl. 
Javis, Barbra, Nov. 8. 1997. 

Ankeny, N. Plains 
jilbert, Dena, May 3, 1997. 

LaVerne, Pac. SW. 
iuffaker, Michael. July 24, 

1997, Trotwood, S. Ohio 
^eck, Dewayne. Dec. 17. 

1996. Potsdam. S. Ohio 
iornbaker, ludson. Mar. 15, 

1997, Community, 
W. Plains 

Cnotts, Kenneth Dale, Nov. 
10, 1997, Circle of Love 
Fellowship, W. Marva 

Vlyer, Dennis J.. Nov. 1 5. 
1996. Lewiston, All. NE. 

Galley, Mischelle R.. Aug. 12. 

1996. Meyersdale. W. Pa. 
Powers, James, July 26. 1997. 

Osceola. Mo. /Ark. 
Pugh, Edward J.. Aug. 28, 

1997, Lower Miami. S. Ohio 
Pyles, Tyowen Robert. August 

21. 1997. West Charleston, 

5. Ohio 

Rhodes. Rebecca Oliver. Sept. 

6, 1997. Roanoke, Central, 

[Schmidt, James R., Jan. 1, 

1995, Mountain View. 

Starkey, Patrick O.. Sept. 6. 

1997. Summerdean. Virlina 
Weber, Thomas M., Oct. 7, 

1997. West Green Tree. 

Atl. NE 
Williams, Edward Thomas. 

Nov. 8. 1997. Midland. 

Ifost, Eric W., Aug. 29, 1997, 

Windber, W. Pa. 


Cox, Mary Margaret. Nov. 15. 

1997. Petersburg, Memor- 
ial, W. Marva. 
Emmons, Anthony E.. Dec. 6. 

1997, Roanoke, Oak 

Grove, Virlina 
Hess, Nancy H., May 31, 

1997, Palmyra, Atl. NE. 
Houghton, James E., Sept. 15. 

1997. Moxham. W. Pa. 
Hosteller, Rick E., Oct. 10. 

1997. Brandts. S. Pa. 
Kessler. Kevin. Apr. 19. 1997, 

Canton, 111. /Wis. 
LaRue, Robin, 1994, Yellow 

Creek, N. Ind. 
Pfeiffer. Carol M., Oct. 25, 

1997, Salem, S. Ohio 
Powers, Walter Jr., Sept. 13. 

1997, County Line, N. Ohio 


Barnhart, Merlon, 89, Rocky 

Mount, Va.. March 17. 1997 
Baleman, Annie M.. 91, 

Hartville. Ohio, May 19 
Baugh, Betty, 77, Uniontown. 

Pa.. Oct. 6 
Beach, David, 70, Woodbury, 

Pa., Sept. 7 
Bechdolt, Paul E.. 77, 

Camden, Ind.. Nov. 21 
Becker, Lois, 55, Lititz, Pa., 

Sept. 21 
Becker, Lucille, 82, Mesa, 

Ariz.. Oct. 13 
Belts, Lillian. 87, Nampa, 

Idaho. Feb. 27. 1997 
Boitnott, Nell Kersh, 96, 

Bridgewater, Va., Nov. 18 
Brandt, Renee, 43, Manheim, 

Pa.. Nov. 25 
Brannan, Mary. 74, Decatur, 

111.. Nov. 28 
Brashear, George. Bush Creek 

CoB, Monrovia, Md., 

Jan. 1. 1997 
Brown, Inez, 85, Urbana, 111.. 

Nov. 16 
Brumbaugh, Lloyd, 84, 

Sebring, Fla.. Dec. 5 
Bucher, Minnie. 87. Palmyra. 

Pa.. Nov. 22 
Burkel, Wilson E.. 93, Mar- 

tinsburg. Pa., Nov. 23 
Claar, Bruce. 82, Roaring 

Spring, Pa.. July 10 
Clapper, Rawleigh L.. 78, 

Martinsburg, Pa., Nov. 14 
Clapper, Terry L., 61, Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa., July 14 
Clouser, M. Helen, 95. York. 

Pa.. Oct. 25 
Cordier, Faye. 81. Mogodore. 

Ohio. June 29 
Craig, Arline, 99, Palm 

Harbor, Fla.. Nov. 20 
Creason, Faye, 82, Nampa, 

Idaho. July 1, 1997 
Dart, .\lta, 84. Imperial, Neb. 
Dolby, Dewaine, 88, Hunting- 
ton. Ind.. Sept. 12 
Drake, Wayne, 90, Martins- 
burg, Pa., Nov. 23 
Dunn, lames (Joe) |r.. 20, 

Nappanee, Ind.. Nov. 17 
Eikenberry, Terrill, 47, 

Bangkok, Thailand, Ian. 10 
Embrey, Ethel, Bush Creek 

CoB, Monrovia, Md.. Jan. 

10, 1997 
Endsley, Ida Mae, 76, Hunt- 
ington, ind.. Sept. 14 
Etler, Mae. 96. Ottawa. Ohio, 

Nov.. 1997 
Farwell, William. Dixon. 111.. 

Nov. I 5 
Fisher, Amanda, 82. Ridgely. 

Md., Nov. 13 

Flora, Alvin, 76. Rocky 

Mount, Va.. Jan. 15, 1997 
Flora, Daniel L, 97, Boones 

.Mill. Va.. Oct. 31 
Flora, Essie, 90, Rocky 

Mount. Va., Nov. 16, 1996 
Flora, Lucille. 91. Tipp City. 

Ohio, Dec. 7 
Flory, Abram, 100. Manheim. 

Pa.. Aug. 6 
Foltz, Nancy Rhodes. 70. 

Bridgewater. Va., Nov. 2 
Frailey, Glenn, 87, Shelocta, 

Pa., Nov. 1 5 
Furrow, Anna. 60, Callaway, 

Va.. iune 23 
Glolfelly, Roger P Sr.. 60, 

Oakland. Md.. Dec. I 1 
Gochenour, Isabelle, 88. 

Annville. Pa.. Oct. 24 
Graber, Glenn J.. 73, 

Hartviile. Ohio, May 13 
Groff, Esther, 86, Lititz, Pa., 

Sept. 6 
Guise, Mary R., 74. Gardners, 

Pa.. Sept. 24 
Haldeman, Clarence. 79. 

Chambersburg, Pa., Sept. 2 
Hamilton, Harry. 79, Wood- 
bury. Pa.. Aug. 6 
Hampton, Chalmer, 85, 

Bloomfield. Mo., Nov. 4 
Hav^'kins, Mrs. Reddy Fagg, 

64. Pulaski. Va.. Sept. 8 
Heinzman, Meredith, 78, 

Arcadia, Ind.. Sept. 25 
Herbold, Lavern W., 82, 

Kingsley, Iowa, Oct. 10 
Hershey, Bruce. 77, Manheim, 

Pa.. July 22 
Hixson, Dale, 80, Quaker- 
town. Pa.. June 5. 1996 
Hollenbaugh, Phyllis |.. 62. 

Union Bridge, Md.. Nov. 20 
Holsinger, Charles. 79. 

Sebring. Fla.. Nov. 21 
Hoover, Benjamin E.. 71. 

Bridgewater. Va.. Dec. 3 
Irwin, Elizabeth, 77, Frank- 
fort, Ind.. Oct. 25 
Jacobs, Maude. 93, Quincy, 

Pa.. Nov. 14 
Jacobs, Paul A.. 92, New 

Oxford, Pa.. Oct. 28 
Johnson, Ruth, 86, Nappanee, 

Ind, Oct. 19 
Kensinger, Arthur, 79, Wood- 
bury. Pa.. Oct. 17 
Kimmel. Edwin B., 77, She- 
locta. Pa., .Nov. 15 
Kindy, Wayne, 80, Goshen, 

Ind., July 25 
King, Grace, 64. Woodbury, 

Pa., Oct. 3 
Kurtz, Samuel G., 86. 

Lebanon. Pa.. Oct. 3 
Lasley, Bernice, 80, Branch, 

Mich.. July 24 
Laughman, Charles A.. 88, 

Hanover, Pa., Nov. 1 
Lease, Edith, Bush Creek CoB, 

Monrovia, Md., May 1 1 
Leffue, I. Parker, 92, Rocky 

Mount, Va., June 21 
Leiand, William, 76, Ocean- 
side, Calif, May 7 
Longcor, Florence, 99, Rock- 
ford. III., August 16 
Longenecker, Edith, 96, Oct. 10 
McCall, Ray Kyle, 85, Wiley. 

Co.. May 21 
McCauley, Malcolm, 69, 

North Garden, Va., Sept. 23 
McCluney, Martha, 89, War- 

rensburg. Mo., Oct. 16 
McGill, Dorothy Yaple, 82, 

Pentwaler. Mich., Sept. 27 
Michael, Richard Thomas. 

62. Bridgewater, Va.. 

Oct. 30 
Miller, Kenneth, 68, 

Wakarusa, Ind.. May 17, 

Mixell, .Mary E., 87, Carlisle, 

Pa., May 19 
Morrow, Frederick E. Sr.. 82. 

Midland. Tex., Nov. 6 
Morion, Gerald. Warrensburg. 

Mo.. Jan. 19, 1997 
Myers, Roy, 97, Canton, Ohio. 

Nov. 4 
iVIyers, Ruth A., 81, Biglerville, 

Pa., July 13 
Oyler, Ursel Ellen. 84, Flora, 

Ind., Nov. 20 
Page, Howard, 88. Kingsley. 

Iowa, Oct. 10 
Parker, Delmar, 86, Beaver- 
ton. .Mich.. Nov. 19 
Replogle, Samuel, 86, Camp 

Hill, Pa.. July 26 
Replogle, Thelma. 84, Camp 

Hill, Pa.. Aug. 8 
Rilchey, Marjorie L., 62. Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa.. May 13, 1997 
Roderick, Harry Wilson, Bush 

Creek CoB, Monrovia, Md., 

Mar. 22, 1997 
Roush, Pearl, 80, North Lib- 
erty, Ind., Dec. 16 
Royer, Hannan, 96, Lebanon, 

Pa., Nov. 2 
Rudy, Lizzie. 96, Ephrata. Pa.. 

Nov. 30 
Rummel, Arthur Leon, 99, 

Escondido, Calif.. June 7 
Rupel, Milan. 62. La Verne, 

Cahf., Oct. 9 
Schullz, Corrine E, Dixon, 

III.. Dec. 11 
Scott, Ray. 43. Upland. Calif., 

Dec. 10 
Seilsinger, Earl R., 83, South 

English. Iowa, Oct. 10 
Sellers, Estella. 99, Bourbon, 

Ind., Nov. 25 
Shaffer, Linden, 74, Denton. 

Md., Oct. 8 

Shank, Ethel S.. 84. Martins- 
burg. Pa.. Aug. 19 

Sharrer, Dorothea. 89, Quak- 
ertown. Pa.. Sept. 8. 1996 

Shull, Evaleen, 77. Bridge- 
water. Va.. Oct. 5 

Sigler, Lona. 99. Huntington, 
Ind.. Sept. 7 

Sisk, Virgil, 77. Sebring. Fla., 
Dec. 19 

Slusher, Claude, 95, Bridge- 
w^ater. Va.. Nov. 29 

Smith, Frederick R. Sr., 78, 
Martinsburg, W. Va.. 
Oct. 21 

Smith, Thurman. 64. West 
Salem. Ohio, Sept. 8 

Spence, Beulah, Rocky Mount, 
Va., Dec. 29, 1996 

Spitzer, Delores. 65. Kalona. 
Iowa., Dec. 8 

Stealy, Romaine. 86. Goshen. 
Ind.. Nov. 12 

Sterling, Linda L.. 51. Indi- 
anapolis. Ind., Oct. 3 

Stine, Norma J., 78. York. Pa., 
Nov. 13 

Studebaker, Gerald L., 84, 
New Carlisle. Ohio, Dec. 7 

Stutsman, .Vlary K.. 68, 
Goshen, Ind.. Oct. 8 

Stutzman, Clyde W., 69, Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa., May 24, 1997 

Swartz, Julie Hoover, 42, Fair- 
field. Pa., Nov. 20 

Thoman, Delores M., 68. East 
Berlin. Pa., Nov. 16 

Thornton, Mazie, 84, 
Lebanon, Pa.. Nov. 17 

Tomlonson, Judith Carole 
Schroeder, 58. Warrens- 
burg. Mo.. Dec. 3 

Tomlonson, Judith Schroeder, 
58. Warrensburg. Mo., 
Dec. 5 

Townsend, Franklin Otto, 77, 
Lake Odessa, Mich.. 
Oct. 29 

Ulrich, D. L. , 74, Hunting- 
ton, Ind.. Oct. 1 

Walker, Paul, 89, N. Manches- 
ter. Ind.. June 24 

Webb. Nellie. Mt. Crawford. 
Va., Oct. 23 

Williams. Roger. St. Peters- 
burg. Fla.. May 4. 1997 

Williams. Sandra. 55. 
Defiance. Ohio. .April 
14. 1997 

Winegard. Katherine, 77, 
Grottoes, Va.. Nov. 18 

Witter. Harry M.. 83. Cham- 
bersburg. Pa.. Nov. 2 

Witlie. Barb, 47. Mount Joy. 
Pa.. Sept. 27 

Woody, John, Billings, Okla.. 
Dec. 4, 1997 

Younkins, Mary, 80, Sebring, 
Fla., Dec. 7 

March 1998 Messenger 31 

spirituality lite 

Iknow angels are big these days, and I had been intend- 
ing to watch all the new TV shows about church and 
religion. So I knew vaguely that spirituality had become 
trendy when 1 saw Sf// magazine's "special inspirational 
issue" with the big cover headline: "Your Spiritual Life" 
next to the fresh face of a model wearing 
(1 learn on the contents page) Flawless 
Finish Dual Perfection Makeup in Cream 
by Elizabeth Arden. 

1 bought it. 

Turning to page 132 where the spe- 
cial section began, 1 smugly looked for the 
magazine's version of spirituality lite. The 
first article was a reader survey titled, "How 
spiritual are you?" Of the 2, 100 respon- 
dents, 70 percent said they consider 

• •••••• 

The church has 
what Self readers 
wa n t — so m eth ing 

themselves spiritual, and another 27 per- rCal aud aUtheUtlC, them in 

ing suggests that all the things this culture sets up as 
desirable don't make us happy." Another doctor adds: 
"We're the most materialistic country on Earth, but we're 
no longer intoxicated by having three cars and four tele- 
vision sets. There's a deep inner yearning for something 
real, something authentic." 

Does the church have what all these 
people want? Of course. But we often 
don't make it easy for outsiders to get 
in. And the message about lesus is hard 
to explain precisely. All the meanness 
and hypocrisy of the church in history 
gets in the way. But if we in the church 
realize there are a lot of hungry people 
out there wanting what we have, maybe 
we'll open the doors a little wider to let 

cent said they are "somewhat" spiritual 
Some 79 percent said they were raised 
practicing an organized religion, but only 
47 percent practice that religion today. 
Why did the others lapse? Because the reli- 
gion was "too rigid," or didn't treat women 
equally, or encouraged "group think," or 
"was more interested in my wallet than my • • • 

soul." Hmmm. This could be interesting 
and useful to church people. 

Some 85 percent of the survey respondents own a 
Bible, though few read it. And the most popular choice 
for a motto to live by was "Do unto others as you would 
have them do unto you." Or, as one reader explained, 
"What goes around comes around." 

I found myself starting to like my Self. Its readers 
sound like many good uncommitted people 1 know. 

Another article warns against New Age spirituality: 
"One of the deepest and most attractive flaws of the New 
Age is its extraordinary emphasis on self-absorption. 
Devotees often refer to unconditional love for all human- 
ity but rarely do they mention an obligation to 
demonstrate it to actual neighbors." 

And a third article, "What Exactly is Buddhism, and 
Why is It So Hip Now?" explained the star appeal that 
has led Richard Gere, Phil [ackson, Tina Turner, and 
Natalie Merchant to try it. A psychiatrist is quoted: "The 
fact that so many rich and famous people are still search- 

calling for deep 


and changed lives. 

In various ways, most people in the 
Self survey said what they want most is 
love and acceptance. Their greatest 
fears are loneliness, failure, pain, and 
death. Their needs can be met by a 
loving church family and a loving God 
who says. "1 have come so that they 
- _ may have life, and have it abundantly." 

What many people want these days 
besides love are good examples of how 
to live. They want exciting not boring, different not the 
same, alternative not mainstream. People are looking for 
"another way of living," and a way that works. Alfred 
North Whitehead, the early twentieth-century British 
philosopher, had it right when he said, "Without the 
hope of high adventure, religion deteriorates into a mere 
appendage of a comfortable life." High adventure is what 
people want from religion. Seeing others take risks for 
Jesus is attractive. Watching Christians walk away from 
the materialistic culture has appeal. The courage of 
Christians witnessing for peace makes seekers take 
notice. The hard work of service is what many people 
want for themselves. 

The church has what Self readers, want — something 
real and authentic, calling for deep commitment and 
changed lives. We should write to the magazine and 
invite them. U Self gets religion, 1 wonder, will it change 
its name to Others? — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger March 1998 

Brethren Witness 

Michael Hoffmaster, Martinsburg, W. Va., at workcamp in Honduras 

Brethren have always been prepared to witness 
to their faith — by not going to war, by living 
responsibly with God's creation, by reaching out 
to those in need, by speaking the truth to power. 
At no time has making our witness been more urgent 
than it is today, amidst wars and preparation 
for war, a growing global gap between the rich and 
the poor, and widespread destruction of Gods 
earth. The office of Brethren Witness seeks to 
equip members, congregations and districts to 
faithfully and creatively express their witness 
— for the glory ot God and our neighbor's good. 

Peace and Justice Take the Pledge! ^ezce 

commitment campaign • Workcamps/Learning 
Tours/Peace Delegations 'Study Resources 'District 
Peace Coordinator Network • Global 'Women's 
Project 'Peace-related plays and worship resources 
People of God's Peace newsletter 'Accompaniment 
Projects 'Witness to Washington 

Care for Creation The Tim-d Day ntws- 

letter'BVS projects 'Special congregational initiatives 

Hunger Action Lenten bulletin 
inserts 'Two Cents a Meal campaign '"Seeds of 
Hope" children's hunger emphasis kit 'Youth hunger 
action materials 

For information or to request congregational visits or youth event leadership, contact: Office of Brethren 
Witness 'David Radcliff, director ' Church of the Brethren General Board ' 800-323-8039 

Every difference 

makes a difference. 

Inch by inch, one square meter at a time, a deminer clears 
land studded with anti-personnel mines. The task has bare- 
ly begun, given some 1 1 5 million land mines poised ready 
to strike at life or limb in 60 countries. 

In Cambodia, where land mines are equal to the num- 
ber of inhabitants, teams of deminers are trained and sup- 
ported by Church World Service. Their work, funded by 
gifts to One Great Hour of Sharing, enables refugees to 
move back to home villages, farmers to plant fields and raise 
livestock, and children to play securely out-of-doors. 

In freeing the land of terror and in rebuilding commu- 
nities, every difference makes a difference. 

And not only in Cambodia, but in 70 other countries 
where One Great Hour of Sharing helps feed the hungry, 
shelter the homeless, heal the broken, and transform lives. 

Listen and respond to your neighbors' cries. Hold the 
earth's people in God's loving embrace. Give help. Give 
hope. Give life. Give to One Great Hour of Sharing. 

Church of the Brethren General Board 

1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120 

tx^ ' 



Ir Mr 

Help Wante 


500 pastors in the next five 
years. Here's a chance to make a 
difference. Bring good nev« to 
Individuals and communities. 
Touch lives at crucial times, from 
birth to death. Be a servant 
leader. Education and training 
requirements flexible. Salaries 
and viforidng conditions Improv- 
ing. Women and minorities wel- 
come (some places more than 
others). God and your congr^ 
tlon will call you. (But «f thor 

dont, let them know you re intwj 

^ested anyway.) 



vice. Pj 

Celebrating 50 years of Brethren Volunteer Service 

The Good News, the story of Jesus, is to be proclaimed 
and celebrated. In words, yes, but also in the wordless 
words of love: feeding the hungry, housing the homeless, 
healing the sick, consoling the lonely, bringing together 
the estranged, working for peace and justice. 

To tell the story by living the story: that's what 50 
years of Brethren Volunteer Service and 5,376 volunteers 
and 420 projects in 40 countries are all about. God's call 
to reconciliation is a ministry that never ends. J^ 

In your support of Brethren Volunteer /^^^^a 

Service, you help make Jesus' love visible. 

Teffing the story. Living the story. 


Help Wanted 


500 pastors in the next five 
years. Here's a chance to mal<e a 
difference. Bring good news to 
individuals and communities. 
Touch lives at crucial times, from 
birth to death. Be a servant 
leader. Education and training 
requirements flexible. Salaries 
and worthing conditions improv- 
ing. Women and minorities wel- 
come (some places more than 
others). God and your congrega- 
tion will call you. (But if th^ 
don't, let them know you're inter- 
. ested anyway.) ^v* 




'A BervVj 
base ., 

• City t/ 

• Intern 

• Dedic? 
: & sh'i 

V^e alsci 

• La vary 

•i.Full # 

• li-af 

• >3 y^. 

• Class 

• Goocfc 
Please a. 
X3037 ■■ 

<1 2 Bakery 

Exp Cake Decorator wanted. 
Full-time. Call 000-777-4444 

Computer/Info Systems 
$100's of programming/n^ 

On the cover: 
Cover design 
by Paul 
Stocksdale, a talented 
graphic artist who has 
designed Messenger 
pages for the past five 
years. This is his final 
edition as designer. 
Thanks, Paul. 

Drivers ] 
vice. F| 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Paul Stocksdale 



12 Wanted: A new heart for ministry 

The ministry office of the General Board 
wants 500 people to be called and trained as 
ministers in the next five years. Educational 
opportunities are available through Bethany 
Seminary and the Brethren Academy. And 
obstacles to entering the ministry are being 
addressed. But the greatest need is for 
congregations to revive the old-fashioned 
practice of calling out their own members 
into leadership! 

16 Living with dying 

When Dale Aukerman, noted Brethren writer 
and peace advocate, learned in 1996 he had 
lung cancer and not much longer to live, he 
began a new phase of his life — more intent 
and intentional. In an article timed for Easter, 
he shares fresh insights from his experience, 
and reflects on the new life he has gained by 
preparing for his own death. 

20 Family reunion in Di Linh 

When Manchester and La Verne college students 
traveled to Vietnam in January, a new generation 
of young adults sought understanding of a 
troubled era in American history. Some made 
connections there with courageous family 
members. |oel Ulrich had a "reunion" with 
distant cousin Ted Studebaker, and Madalyn 
Metzger found where her parents met. 

24 Puerto Rico blessings 

Sixteen Brethren went to Puerto Rico in 
January to give gifts of work to church 
partners there. From that experience they 
brought back many gifts and blessings. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 




In Brief 




Pontius' Puddle 


Turning Points 



April 1998 Messenger 1 

One of the items still on my to-do list is "Christmas letter." I never got 
it done, but 1 haven't quite given up on the possibility. 

I've never gotten my Christmas letters sent before Christmas anyway, so it 
was no big deal when it carried over to my [anuary list. One year I sent a Ground- 
hog Day letter, so I was willing to carry this year's over to February. For a while 
I thought it would be charming to make it a Valentine letter. And now — well, 
I've not yet been captured by the idea of an Easter letter. 

But unlike a Christmas letter, which can be postponed forever, the to-do list 
of our subscriptions processor, Vicki Roche, simply snowballs. Address changes 
and invoices can't be postponed for long. Whatever doesn't get done one month, 
returns the ne.xt month with a vengeance. 

The staffing reductions last summer left us short-handed in many areas, includ- 
ing this one. Vicki — who handles other related tasks as well, including bookkeeping, 
mail and phone coverage, and some promotion work — makes sure the critical func- 
tions get covered first and then follows with all the others. For example, it's more 
important for new subscribers to get the next issue than for lapsed subscribers to 
stop receiving it, regardless of the cost of sending out extra copies. 

Given the pile of work landing on one desk, we're encouraging subscribers to send 
routine address changes or Turning Points information by fax, e-mail, or regular mail. 
That will free up the phone for those who have questions and need personal assistance. 

The good news is that we're anticipating a major upgrade to the database 
software used by the General Board. The new system will do a number of sub- 
scriptions tasks automatically that currently are done manually. As we prepare 
for this change, scheduled now for August, we will also be taking time to exam- 
ine our subscription categories and processes. 

It's likely that a rate increase for clubs (we already raised the individual rate last 
year) will accompany the change. Now that Messenger is self-supporting, our sub- 
scription and ad revenue must cover our production and staffing costs. While we 
have shouldered most of the burden by reducing staff and finding ways to save on 
printing costs, we will need to pass some of it along to readers. We trust that you 
will understand the need and be willing to keep Messenger a strong magazine. 

One of our loyal readers wrote this month to tell us her response to our new 
financial need: She is pledging to send us $20 every other month. She is com- 
mitted to helping ensure that Messenger is available for generations to come. 
The spirit of that letter buoys us for a long time. 

We hope readers will contribute in other ways as well — by reading Messenger 
cover to cover, reflecting with an open mind on the variety of ideas in its pages, encour- 
aging others to subscribe, writing Letters to the Editor, sending information for the 
In Touch pages, and generally embracing it as the family newsletter for Brethren. 

It's the Christmas letter, the Easter letter, the Thanksgiving letter, and much 
more. Without it, we might be tempted to go our separate ways, forgetting that 
we are part of a larger community of faith that acts in our name in places far 
beyond our individual locations and experiences. 

2 Messenger April 1998 

How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 



Fax: (847) 742-6103 
Phone: (847) 742-5100 
(800) 325-8039 
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If you move, clip address label 
and send with new address to 
Messenger Subscriptions, at the 
above address. Allow at least five 
weeks for address change. 

District Messenger representatives: Atl. N.E., Ron 
Lutz; Atl, S.E., Ruby Rajmer; lU.AVis., Kreston Lipscomb; 
S/C Ind , Marjorie Miller; Mich,, Ken Good; Mid-All,, 
Ann Fouts; Mo,/.\rk,, Luci Landes; N, Plains, Faith 
Strom, N, Ohio, Alice L Driver; S, Ohio, Jack Kline; 
Ore,AVash,, Marguerite Shamberger; Pac, SM, Randy 
Miller; M, Pa., EvaWampler;S. Pa,, Elmer Q, Gleim, 
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Shumate; S, Plains, Mary Ann Dell; Viriina, Jerry Naff. 
W Plains, Dean Hummer, W Marva, V^inoma Sputgeon 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren, Entered as second-class matter Aug 
20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct, 17, 191" 
Filing date, Nov 1, 1984, Member of the Associated 
Church Press, Subscriber to Religion News Service 
& Ecumenical Press Service, Biblical quotations, 
unless otherwise indiated, are from the New Revised 
Standard Version, Messenger is published 1 1 times 
a year by Brethren Press, Church of the Brethren 
General Board, Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
111,, and at additional mailing office, April 1998, 
Copyright 1998, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. ISSN 0026-0355, 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
1-151 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120, 

Printed on recycled paper 

True welcome 

A true welcome to any 
church can be a blue 
sign saying the build- 
ing is accessible. First 
Church of the Breth- 
ren in St. Peters- 
burg, Fla., learn- 
ed that lesson 
from their own 
members with 
disabilities. To 
welcome and accom- 
modate them, the church 
has added an enlarged 

restroom, for men or 
women, by converting two 
narrow res.trooms near the 
foyer. The new facility pro- 
vides ample turning space 
and allows a sitting 
person to park comfort- 
ably at the sink. For 
emergencies, a pull 
chain signals for 
help by turning 
on two lights 
outside the room. 
Total cost of the pro- 
ject was $13,700. — Jean 

Home for the night 

ill a cardboarxl 

box was Jennifer T. 

Sappington of 

Bridgewater. Va. She 

is a junior majoring 

in psychology at 

Bridgewater College. 

Alternative spring break 

Disappeared China 
missionaries remembered 

On December 2, 1937, 
three Brethren missionaries 
in Show Yang, China, 
received telephone calls 
asking for help. The three 
responded to the calls and 
were never seen nor heard 
from again. Sixty years later 
their lives and Christian ser- 
vice were remembered in a 
commemorative service at 
Broadfording Church of the 
Brethren Fellowship in 
Hagerstown, Md. 

The missionaries — Min- 
neva Neher and Alva and 
Mary Hykes Harsh — report- 
edly had experienced 
increased war-related diffi- 
culty as the Japanese army 
occupied the area. 

The anniversary program 
included tributes by John 
Mowen, nephew of Mary 
Hykes Harsh, and E. Paul 
Weaver, Alva Harsh's college 
roommate. Hymns included 
"Living for Jesus," which 
Minneva Neher had sung at 
her last mission conference 
in April 1937 at Ping Ting, 
China, and "Are Ye Able," 
which the Harshes had sung 
together at a 1936 Christ- 
mas program. There was a 
brief ceremony at a monu- 
ment to the disappeared 
missionaries in the Broad- 
fording church cemetery. 

Rather than head for the beaches, 
some 49 Bridgewater College stu- 
dents spent their spring break volunteering 
as construction workers with Habitat for 
Humanity. The students spent the last 
week in February working on a Habitat 
project in Miami, Fla. To raise money for 
the trip, and to raise awareness of home- 
lessness, the students spent one February 

night sleeping in cardboard boxes on the 
campus mall. 

Meanwhile, more than 100 students at 
Elizabethtown College went without food 
for 30 hours in February to raise money 
and awareness for the hungry and home- 
less. The "30-hour Famine" was a benefit 
for World Vision, a nonprofit Christian 
relief organization. 

April 1998 Messenger 3 

II Tom 

stop running like a Deere 

The Western Plains Dis- 
trict spreads out over 
Kansas, Nebraska, Col- 
orado, and part of New 
Mexico, so district execu- 
tive Richard Hanley is on 
the road and away from 
his family often. To com- 
pensate, the district board 
recently directed Hanley 
to take more time off, and 
encouraged him to go 
ahead with his dream of 

restoring an antique |ohn 
Deere "A" tractor. At the 
lanuary executive commit- 
tee meeting, ministry 
commission chair David 
Smalley (also a Con- 
gregational Life Team 
coordinator) and board 
chair Ken Frantz pre- 
sented Hanley with a |ohn 
Deere cap and a book on 
classic )ohn Deere trac- 
tors, sent to him by former 
board member Adrian 
Sayler. — David Smalley 

These pottery vessels were 

unearthed in the Ephrata 

Cloister Excavation. They 

consist primarily of redware, 

which suggests the ascetic 

nature of the commune life 

at the cloister Redware was 

both inexpensive and readily 

available, a finding consistent 

with the communit}''s goal to 

experience impoverishment. 

Ephrata excavation 

Artifacts unearthed at the Ephrata (Pa.) Cloister by 
Elizabethtown College have been on display at the 
college's Young Center for the Study of Anabaptist and 
Pietist Groups. The excavation is under the direction of 
Steve Warfel, senior curator at the State Museum of Penn- 
sylvania in Harrisburg. The exhibit provides insights into 
the monastic life of the Ephrata Cloister, a Christian soci- 
ety with roots in the Pietist and Anabaptist movements. 
The cloister, organized in 1732, flourished until the late 
18th century. It was known for its printing, distinctive 
choral music, manuscript ornamentation, strict discipline, 
and ascetic lifestyle. Conrad Beissel, founder of Ephrata, 
had close ties with the Brethren. 

Brethren contribute to 
consultation in Geneva 

For the fifth time, represen- 
tatives of the Church of the 
Brethren have taken an 
active role in consultations 
featuring interaction 
between the historic peace 
churches, their European 
counterparts, and Lutheran 
and Reformed theologians. 

The meeting, held in 
Geneva, Switzerland, in 
February, continued a series 
of consultations held in 
Prague, Czechoslovakia, in 
1986, 1987, and 1989, and 
in Geneva in 1994. The 
conference, designated 
"Prague V," included inter- 
pretations of "justification" 
and "sanctification" by the 
participating churches. 

Brethren participants were 
Lauree Hersch Meyer, 
director of the doctor of 
ministry program at Colgate 
Rochester Divinity School, 
and Don Durnbaugh, 
retired, a Fellow of the 
Young Center for the Study 
of Anabaptism and Pietism 
at Elizabethtown College. 

Unsung Hero 

|ohn Shonk, 90 years old 
this month, was recently 
featured in the Lafayette 
Journal and Courier as an 
"Unsung Hero" for his 
work as a founder of Medi- 
ation Services of Tippe- 
canoe County, which pro- 
vides conflict resolution 
workshops. Shonk, a 
retired schoolteacher, is a 
member of Lafayette (Ind.) 
Church of the Brethren and 
a graduate of Manchester 
College. While he copes 
with Parkinson's disease as 

4 Messenger April 1998 

a resident of Mulberry 
Lutheran Village, Shonk 
still advocates for nonvio- 
lence. "Conflict is 
inevitable, but it's what we 
do with conflict that is 
important," Shonk told the 
newspaper. "It can be con- 
structive or destructive." 

Wichita mentor "hires 
a youth to learn 

"Our children are our 
future," says Dr. Bob 
Wilson, a physician and 
member of Wichita (Kan.) 
Church of the Brethren. 
Acting on that belief, 
Wilson persuaded his med- 
ical office to "hire" a 
disadvantaged youth so he 
could carry out his personal 
vision of mentoring. 
Tyrome Crawford, a 1 7- 
year-old whose best friend 
and cousin were shot to 
death last year, was hired to 
work 30 hours a week. 
Crawford did some filing 
and faxing, but mostly 
spent the time reading arti- 
cles Wilson assigned to him 
and discussing them later. 
"It's fun to think about 
things," Crawford told the 
Wichita Eagle, which fea- 
tured the two. "He gets you 
to think." 

In Touch stories wanted 

Do you know someone 
whose story should be 
in In Touch? Send 
us a note about the 
person, or a full 
fledged story, 
and include a 
sharp, candid 
photo, preferably one 
showing the subject in a 

"The Final Journey of John Kline" cast included (seated, from left) Katrina Mevis, Michael 
Kennel. Frank Ramirez. Sue Charhvood. Melody Eash. (standing, from left) faron Kennel, 
Bart Eefever, Miriam Kauffmann. Jeff Stern-Gilbert, Jennie Ramirez, Evan Lefever, Kate 
Miller, Mary Kauffmann- Kennel, and Jacob Ramirez. 

The final journey of John Klme 

Two hundred and one years after he 
was born. Church of the Brethren 
martyr John Kline came to life in "The 
Final lourney of |ohn Kline," a play written 
by Lee Krahenbiihl. 

The complete play was performed for the 
first time in February by members of Elkhart 
Valley (Ind.) Church of the Brethren and 
Elkhart City Church of the Brethren. Other 
performances were in March and April. The 
part of |ohn Kline was played by Frank 
Ramirez, pastor of the Elkhart Valley 
church, who was also the director. 

Kline was a noted Brethren doctor, 
writer, farmer, inventor, and minister who 

traveled over 100,000 miles before and 
during the Civil War in his ministry to the 
sick and suffering. The play includes lines 
taken directly from |ohn Kline's diaries and 
correspondence, as well as excerpts from 
the memories of his niece. Anna Zigler 
Bowman. Among the several songs in the 
play is a chorus written by Kline himself. 

The play was originally written for the 
1997 celebration of the bicentennial of |ohn 
Kline's birth, but was presented then only in 
truncated form. Lee Kxahenbiihl, author of 
the play, is copastor of Skyridge Church of 
the Brethren in Kalamazoo, Mich., and a 
college professor of drama. 

setting related to the story. 
Remember, we are seek- 
ing stories about Brethren 
who are presently doing 
interesting, note- 
worthy things. 
Don't send bio- 
graphical sketches 
or tributes. Stories 
should be short 
(350 words maximum) and 
pointed. If you find a news- 

paper story that is a natural 
for In Touch, send us the 
clipping (including publica- 
tion name and date). 

Hint: Including a good 
photo remarkably improves 
your story's chances of 
making it into print. 

Send your suggestions or 
stories to Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
IL 60120. 


Hollis and Rena Shaffer, 
members of First Church of 
the Brethren, Wichita, Kan., 
recently celebrated their 
72nd wedding anniversary. 

"/;/ Touch" profiles Brethren we would 
hke you to meet. Send story ideas and 
photos to "In Touch, "Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

April 1998 Messenger 5 

Congratulations! Judy Mills 
Reimer (right), is con- 
gratulated March 9 by 
General Board member Mary 
Jo Flory-Steury, Executive 
Director Search Committee 
chair, following Reimer's 
introduction to salaried staff 
as the Board's executive 
director designate. After 
interviews during two days 
with Reimer and one other 
candidate, the Board called 
Reimer late March 8 to serve 
as its top administrator. She 
will begin in July. 

News items are intended to inform. They do not 
necessarily represent the opinions o/Messenger 
or the General Board, and should not be considered 
to be an endorsement or advertisement. 

Judy Mills Reimer is called to 
serve as executive director 

ludy Mills Reimer, former Church of 
the Brethren Annual Conference 
moderator and former General 
Board chair from Goodview, Va., on 
March 9 was called to serve as exec- 
utive director of the Church of the 
Brethren General 
Board. This an- 
nouncement was 
made at the start of 
the General Board's 
spring meetings at 
the Church of the 
Brethren General 
Offices in Elgin, 111. 
Reimer is found- 
ing pastor of Smith 
Mountain Lake 
Church of the 
Brethren, Moneta, 
Va., serving there 
since January 1996. 
She has been an ac- 
tive participant and 
leader in all levels of 
church life, reach- 
ing the pinnacle of 
Brethren service in 
)uly 1 993 when she was elected An- 
nual Conference moderator. Reimer 
also served on the General Board 
from 1985 until 1990, serving as 
chair during her final two years. 

The formal introduction of Reimer 
was made by Board chair Chris 
Bowman, who stated that the 24- 
member board had reached its decision 
to call Reimer by consensus in a closed 
session the previous evening. 

'T do feel that this is God's call 
through this board," Reimer said in 
a brief response. "To those of you 
who are on the General Board staff, 
I am thrilled, 1 am honored, I am 
excited to be a General Board 
employee with you." 

The General Board's top executive 
position has not been permanently 
occupied since Donald Miller retired 
as general secretary in December 
1 996 after a decade of service. Karen 

Peterson Miller of Hagerstown, Md., 
served as interim general secretary 
until last July, when the title was 
changed to executive director. When 
the board failed to call the candidate 
submitted to it by a previous search 
committee, she subsequently served 
as interim executive director through- 
out 1997. loseph Mason of Greenville, 
Ohio, assumed the interim executive 
director position in January. 

Reimer, who is scheduled to be for- 
mally installed as executive director 
in [uly at the 2 12th Annual Confer- 
ence in Orlando, will relocate with 
her husband, George, to Elgin, III. 
She will assume her new responsibili- 
ties following Annual Conference. 

In remarks to the board following 
the announcement, Reimer issued a 
challenge for all to walk with God's 
newness in tomorrow's challenges, 
staying close to God through scrip- 
tural study, reflecting |esus' teachings 
in our living. "For we walk by faith, 
not by sight," she said, echoing the 
theme for this summer's National 
Youth Conference (2 Cor. 5:7). 

Reimer earned a master of divinity 
degree from Bethany Theological 
Seminary in 1994, and was ordained 
that May. She earned her undergrad- 
uate degree in 1962 from Emory & 
Henry College, Emory, Va., which 
last year awarded her the William 
and Martha Defriece Award for her 
"outstanding, worthwhile contribu- 
tion to civilization or humanity." 

As a representative of the church, 
Reimer has traveled throughout the 
United States and to Puerto Rico, 
Nicaragua, Sudan, and Nigeria. 
She currently serves as volunteer 
coordinator of the General Board's 
Ministry Summer Service, an 
internship-like program that places 
young adults in congregations, 
camps, and districts. She also cur- 
rently serves as board vice-chair of 
Association of Brethren Caregivers. 

In addition to her church-related 
experiences, she and George have 
longtime business experience as 
owners of Harris Office Furniture in 

6 Messenger April 1998 

1^ [^ [23 

I2I mMm 

Roanoke, Va., since 1976. Prior to 
that, Reimer served as a public 
school teacher for 1 1 years. 

Location. Where will the centralized 
offices of the Church of the Brethren 
General Board be located in the 
future? That question, which for the 
past three years has been asked by the 
Board, is far from being answered. In 
fact, during its meetings, the Board 
approved expanding the committee 
that is addressing the issue and redi- 
recting the committee's focus. 

After convening five times in 
person or by phone over the past 
year — including visits to both cam- 
puses — the site committee 
determined that the sale of either or 
both of the General Board's Elgin, 
111., and New Windsor, Md., proper- 
ties would barely yield enough 
income to pay for site development 
at an existing or a new location and 
employee severance or moving 
expenses, thus leaving little to be 
invested for the future. With that 
realization, the committee concluded 
that the properties are most valuable 
to their present users. 

The committee also reported that 

Chris Bowman, General 
Board chair, in March 
moderates the debate 
regarding the Board's 
response to the heightened 
tension between the United 
States and Iraq. Looking on 
are Elaine Sollenberger 
(left). Annual Conference 
moderator; Lori Sollenberger 
Knepp, Board vice-chair; 
and Merv Keeney and David 
Radcliff (standing). 
directors of the Board's 
Global Mission Partnerships 
and Brethren Witness. 

Fish bowl was the description of the method used by the General Board's 
Leadership Team directors in March to report to Board members one challenge 
each of the nine directors is currently addressing. During his turn, director of 
Ministry Allen Hanseil (across the table, right) describes the denomination's 
need to recruit 500 new church leaders within the next five years. 

other denominational organizations 
have expressed interest in locating at 
a central denominational site. The 
committee added, however, that a 
General Board site decision isn't 
practical until it decides the future of 
three of its New Windsor-based min- 
istries and programs — the confer- 
ence center, SERRV International, 
and Material Resources. 

Thus, though the General Board 
asserted its role in the location deci- 
sion as owner of the Elgin and New 
Windsor properties, it approved the 
site committee's recommendation to 

1 V ,ljU^ 



9 ' ^ 


expand the committee's size and focus 
to include national Brethren agencies 
that are interested in being headquar- 
tered at a single denominational site. 
The Board approved the recommenda- 
tion that it determine the future of its 
New Windsor-based ministries and 
programs. The Board also approved a 
recommendation to consider options 
for consolidating financial, computer, 
and other services among the General 
Board and other denominational 
agencies, even if it maintains two sites 
for the near future. 

Spiritual renewal. An emphasis on 
spiritual renewal and stewardship will 
be launched by the General Board later 
this year in an attempt "to increase the 
mission and ministry potential of local 
congregations and, in turn, districts 
and the General Board." Five related 
recommendations presented to the 
Board were approved — 

• creating a 52-day "covenant cal- 
endar" that begins on World 
Communion Sunday (Oct. 4) and 
concludes on Thanksgiving (Nov. 
26). Each day will include scripture 
readings and prayer requests. 

• developing Church of the 
Brethren-specific worship resources 
with calls to worship, offertory 
prayers, and personal stories. 

• developing daily activities for 
families and individuals with specific 
spiritual disciplines such as prayer 
partners, fasting ideas, Bible study, 

April 1998 Messenger 7 

and stewardship activities that allow 
for witnessing of faith. 

• leading an Annual Conference 
insight session on spiritual renewal. 

• presenting spiritual renewal at 
this year's National Older Adult and 
National Youth conferences. 

New church development. The 

General Board approved creating a 
task team that will produce a new 
church development proposal. Once 
task force members are named, a 
two-day conference will be scheduled 
for the group to explore new church 
development issues. The task force 
will then seek feedback and input 
from district executives as it drafts 
an initial proposal, which is expected 
by Annual Conference. A finalized 
proposal is expected to be submitted 
to the General Board in October. 

Sudan. A new three-year initiative 
to assist Christians in war-ravaged 
southern Sudan was approved by the 
General Board. This initiative, which 
focuses on the needs of women and 
children, will also fund peace and 
justice training, provide a Brethren 
Volunteer Service worker, and pur- 
chase a computer for office work and 
bicycles for transportation. The 
three-year cost of this initiative will 
not exceed $238,000, and will be 
provided by the General Board's 
Global Food Crisis Fund (GFCF). 

"Sudan: Partnership for Peace" is 
an initiative of the General Board's 
Brethren Witness office, in conjunc- 
tion with the Global Mission 
Partnerships office and the New 
Sudan Council of Churches. 

Other business. During its meet- 
ings the General Board also: 

• approved a statement on the 
recent increased tensions between 
the United States and Iraq, in which 
the Board pledges to proclaim its 
faith that God is both present in the 
United States and in Iraq. The Board 
also will "join with international 
organizations and ecumenical col- 

leagues to search for ways to provide 
for the health and well-being of the 
Iraqi people and to seek reconcilia- 
tion between our peoples," and will 

And soon there will be nine. The 

General Board's Leadership Team, 
beginning in July, will include Judy 
Mills Reimer (front): Wendy 
McFadden and Ken Neher (second 
row); Allen Hansell and Judy Keyser 
(third row): David Radcliff. Merv 
Keeney. Glenn Tinunons. and Dan 
McFadden (fourth row). 

"peacefully resist all efforts to resolve 
this conflict by military force." 

• approved a proposed plan of 
operation submitted to it by the Mis- 
sion and Ministries Planning Council 
(MMPC), one of the most important 
but relatively undefined aspects of 
the General Board's new design. The 
MMPC, which was created to discuss 
mission and ministries proposals 
from congregations, districts or the 
Annual Conference Standing Com- 
mittee, reports to the Board. 

• rejected two requests relating to 
the General Board's former mission 
in South Korea from a world mission 
group of two dozen Brethren . The 
group sought permission to send a 
letter to all Church of the Brethren 
congregations to determine which 

congregations would have interest in 
supporting specific missions spon- 
sored by the General Board. It also 
was seeking permission to announce 
and implement a three-year, 
$75,000-a-year appeal to individuals 
and congregations to keep the 
Board's former staff member in 
South Korea working there on the 
group's behalf. 

• affirmed the progress made in 
the move by SERRV International to 
incorporate as an independent orga- 
nization as early as late October. 
'When finalized, the General Board 
will no longer be liable for SERRV's 
inventory liability and SERRV will be 
more able to adapt to the demands of 
the competitive handcrafts market. 

• directed its Executive Committee 
to meet with the Leadership Team to 
discuss the creation of task teams that 
would assist with the Board's work. 

• appointed Wendy McFadden, 
director/publisher of Brethren Press, 
to serve as acting executive director in 
the absence of the executive director. 

• approved changes to its former 
Crisis in Transition Fund, including a 
name change to Ministry Assistance 
Fund. This fund will now address the 
short-term needs of active ordained 
ministers. Long-term needs of active 
ministers, other church workers, and 
retired church workers will be han- 
dled by Brethren Benefit Trust. 

• heard a report from |oseph 
Mason, who said Brethren should 
celebrate the prospect of the highest- 
attended National Youth Conference, 
to be held this summer; the strong 
response to combat famine in North 
Korea; the General Board's better- 
than-expected year-end financial 
report; the filling of all major Gen- 
eral Board staff positions; the 75th 
anniversary of the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria; the 50th 
anniversary of Brethren Volunteer 
Service; and the success of the Gen- 
eral Board's largest Disaster 
Response building project, the Butler 
Chapel A.M. E. church in Orange- 
burg, S.C. — Nevin Dulabaum 

8 Messenger April 1998 

Donald Myers 

General Board adds Myers to 
Congregational Life Team 

Donald Myers on February 1 began 
serving as half-time staff for the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Area 1 
Congregational Life 
Team. He had been 
serving as interim 
executive for South- 
ern Pennsylvania 
District. Myers is 
moderator of East 
Fairview Church of 
the Brethren, Manheim, Pa. He is a 
graduate of Elizabethtown (Pa.) Col- 
lege. Myers earned a master's degree 
from Western Maryland College and a 
doctorate from Temple University. 

Emergency Response helps 
Tennessee flood victims 

Following the assessment of damage in 
Tennessee caused by winter flooding, 
the Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Emergency Response/Service 
Ministries (ERSM) in February began 
a new project at Roan Mountain, Tenn. 

A request for $25,000 by Miller 
Davis, ERSM manager, was approved 
to help 275 families with cleanup and 
rebuilding. Homeowners in the area 
lacked flood insurance because floods 
there are rare. 

Following ice storms that hit the 
northeastern United States, $25,000 
was allocated in January to purchase 
electric generators. 

Work continues in Grand Forks, 
N.D., where volunteers are installing 
drywall, replacing floors and insula- 
tion, repairing basements, and hang- 
ing new doors. 

The Material Resources division of 
ERSM recently shipped seven 20- 
foot containers of relief materials to 
North Korea under the auspices of 
Church World Service. The contents 
consisted of clothing, blankets, 
quilts, and medicines. 

Two additional 40-foot-long con- 
tainers full of blankets were shipped 
to the Republic of Georgia under the 
auspices of the United Methodist 
Committee for Relief. 

Heifer Project closes office 
at Brethren Service Center 

Heifer Project International in Febru- 
ary announced it is closing its south- 
eastern regional office, located at the 
Brethren Service Center in New 
Windsor, Md. The April 10 closing 
affects four full-time employees and 
one part-time employee. 

"In order to better serve our volun- 
teers and donors as far away as 
Florida, we've decided to recruit and 
hire a church relations staff person in 
the Atlanta area, or at least more 
centrally located for all the states in 
the Atlantic South region," reads a 
Heifer Project statement. 

Dan West, a Church of the 
Brethren member, started a ministry 
that in June 1942 became an official 
program of the Brethren Service 
Committee. That ministry eventually 
evolved into Heifer Project Interna- 
tional, which became an independent, 
nonprofit organization in April 1953. 

Registrations roll in 
for NYC and NOAC 

Registrations for the Church of the 
Brethren National Youth Conference 
(NYC) are running ahead of the 
number at this time four years ago. 
The event is scheduled for July 
28-August 2 at Colorado State Uni- 
versity in Fort Collins, Colo. All reg- 
istrations and fees are due by May 1 . 
The NYC office hopes final registra- 
tion numbers will exceed 5,000. 

Among the speakers lined up for NYC 
is Bernice King, daughter of Martin 
Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King. 

Registrations are also streaming in to 

Rolling registrations. Brian Yoder, 
National Yoiitli Conference '98 
coordinator, in January launches the 
first marble down the 100- foot-long 
marble run that is used to tally NYC 
registrants. As of March 5, 5,503 
marbles had been launched on the run. 

the office of the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers for the fourth biennial Na- 
tional Older Adult Conference, sched- 
uled for August 3 1 -September 4 at 
Lake Junaluska, N.C. Among the 
scheduled NOAC speakers are W. An- 
drew Achenbaum, senior research sci- 
entist for the Institute of Gerontology 
at the University of Michigan and "the 
nation's best known scholar on the his- 
tory of aging and old-age policy," and 
Merrilyn Belgum, a stand-up comedian 
and former faculty member at the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota. 

Batavia, III., sanctuary 
destroyed by fire 

Fire caused thousands of dollars of 
damage to Faith Church of the 
Brethren, Batavia, 111., on March 2. 

The heaviest damage was in the 
sanctuary. The congregation will 
worship in another part of the build- 
ing for the immediate future, 
according to Erin Matteson, pastor. 

Investigators have not determined 
the cause of the blaze, though there 
is no evidence of foul play. 

Matteson said contributions to 
assist the church in rebuilding its 
sanctuary can be sent directly to the 
church at 613 N. Van Buren St., 
Batavia IL 60510. 

April 1998 Messenger 9 

Brethren Benefit Trust 
makes staff changes 

Jim Replogle, former director of 
Planned Giving for the General Board, 
joined the Brethren Benefit Trust 
(BBT) staff February 1 as director of 
Deferred Gifts Services. 
Mark Pitman, formerly director of 

Darryl Deardorff 

Kathv Lee 

Michael Addison 

the Brethren 
Foundation, has 
assumed the new 
title of director of 
Brethren Founda- 
tion Operations. 

Pitman, based 
in Elgin, 111., will 
provide support for Foundation opera- 
tions and oversight for Asset Manage- 
ment Services, which currently admin- 
isters over $50 million in investments. 
Replogle, based in Bridgewater, Va., 
will support the stewardship and 
planned gift efforts of denominational 
agencies and will assist people who 
wish to make deferred or income-pro- 
ducing gifts. BBT's Gift Management 
Services currently manages about 
$2.3 million in deferred gifts. 

Pitman and Replogle will report to 
Darryl Deardorff, who in January was 
appointed BBT's interim chief finan- 
cial officer. Deardorff had been super- 
vising BBT's investment program, 
computer operations, and expanded fi- 
nancial services planning. 

Kathy Lee has resigned as trea- 
surer, effective |unel5. She and her 
family, who have attended Highland 
Ave., Church of the Brethren, Elgin, 
111., are relocating to southern Ohio. 
Lee has been employed by BBT since 
January 1993. 

Michael Addison of Boulder Hill 
Church of the Brethren, Montgomery, 
III., has been hired as controller and 
Information Systems director. 

Thomas Kepple Jr. succeeds 
Neff as Juniata president 

The 1 1th president of luniata College 
will be Thomas Kepple Jr., currently 
vice president for Business and Com- 
munity Relations at The University of 
the South in Sewanee, Tenn. Kepple, 
who will assume his new duties |uly 
1, succeeds Robert W. Neff, who re- 
tires June 30 after 12 years as presi- 
dent. Prior to joining Juniata, Neff 
served as general secretary of the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board in Elgin, III. Juniata is one of 
five colleges and one university affili- 
ated with the Church of the Brethren. 
Kepple will bring many skills to the 
position, said 
John Cramer, 
chair of Juni- 
ata's board of 

"Dr. Kepple 
possesses a set 
of skills and 
that are ideally 
suited to Juni- 
ata College," 
Cramer said. 
"From his ex- 
ceptional work in developing and im- 
plementing strategic plans to his 
broad experience in academic affairs, 
admissions, and fund raising. Dr. 
Kepple has the requisite skills to lead 
Juniata into the 21st century." 

"For 121 years Juniata College has 
had a reputation for academic excel- 

Thomas Kepple jr. 

lence," Kepple said. "My primary 
goal will be to keep the college fo- 
cused on its mission of offering the 
high-quality education that Juniata 
graduates and current students have 
come to expect." 

Kepple's duties at The University 
of the South have included serving as 
the university's chief business man- 
ager as well as manager of the town 
of Sewanee, which sits on some of 
the 10,000 acres of land owned by 
the university. 

Kepple graduated from Westmin- 
ster College in 1970 with a bachelor 
of arts degree in economics and 
business. He received a master of 
business administration degree in 
1974 and a doctorate in 1984, both 
from Syracuse University. 

Leadership changes are made 
by three eastern districts 

Georgia Markey has been named as- 
sociate executive of Southern Penn- 
sylvania District, effective January 1 7. 
For the past several years she has 
served as assistant to the executive. 

J. Rogers Pike has been appointed 
interim executive of West Marva 
District. He is a former General 
Board member. 

Howard Miller of Westminster, 
Md., has been called to serve as in- 
terim associate executive of Mid-At- 
lantic District at 
least through 
June. He recently 
retired from Gen- 
eral Board em- 
ployment as a fi- 
nancial resources 
counselor. Georgia Ma rkey 

/. Rogers Fike 

Howard Miller 

1 Messenger April 1998 

Id Urief 

Order forms for the 1998 Yearbook are now available. This 
year's Church of the Brethren yearbook will come in a new 
format— a 6" x 9" softbound book. It will include a comprehen- 
sive listing of denominational organizations, including the 
redesigned General Board. It also will list denominational 
employees, licensed and ordained ministers, e-mail addresses 
and denominational statistics from 1997. 

Yearbooks can be ordered by check, credit card, or standing 
order with Brethren Press. Cost is $17.50. For more information, 
contact Brethren Press Customer Service at 800 441 -371 2. 

Bethany Theological Seminary has received a $200,000 
grant from the Indianapolis-based Lilly Endowment Inc. to con- 
duct a joint program with Earlham School of Religion (ESR), 
which will increase the technical capabilities of both institu- 
tions for teaching and learning. The grant will be disbursed 
over three years. New computer hardware and software will be 
purchased and a full-time information technology support staff 
person will be hired. 

A shipment of used manual typewriters and books, 

donated by Brethren from across the country, arrived in Nigeria 
on December 1 8. The materials included books for the Kulp Bible 
College library near Mubi, textbooks and typewriters for the 
Mason Technical School in Garkida, and a Braille Bible. 

The shipment had been in process for many months while the 
clearing and shipping processes were being finalized by staff at 
the Brethren Service Center, New Windsor, Md. Many of the type- 
writers had been collected by the Church of the Brethren 
Western Plains District. 

Fifteen members of Southern Pennsylvania District trav- 
eled to the Dominican Republic in February to participate in a 
workcamp.The main focus of the camp was the construction of 
a church in the village of Arroyo Saludo. Alan Miller, pastor of 
Shippensburg (Pa.) Church of the Brethren coordinated the trip in 
cooperation with the district's witness commission. 

Seven young adults from Michigan, Virginia, Washington State 
and Germany have completed Brethren Volunteer Service orien- 
tation in Florida and have joined their respective projects in the 
United States and Europe. "Orientation tries to raise awareness 
for social issues that are pressing for many people in today's 
world," said Petra Beck, BVS staff. "In Florida, with its many 
citrus groves, strawberry fields and vegetable farms, farmwork- 
ers' issues are very obvious." Bert Perry of National Farmworker 
Ministry and Fernando Cuevas of the Farm Labor Organization 
Committee gave the trainees opportunities to experience the 
work expected of farmworkers, and to understand the workers' 
struggles for better working conditions and wages. Guest 
speaker Matt Guynn, who lives and works in the Philadelphia 
area, directed a two-day workshop on nonviolence and peace- 
making. In the middle of the second day, Guynn challenged the 
group in an unusual way: He asked each volunteer to draft a 

The 228th Unit of Brethren Volunteer Service completed its 
orientation February 6 at Camp Ithiel in Gotlia. Fla. From 
left: Matthias Lehmphul. Andreas Tillmann, Florian 
Kroeger. M.C. Roth, Petra Beck (BVS orientation 
assistant), Nancy Zook, Costa Nicolaidis, Todd Reish 
(BVS orientation coordinator), and Jonathan Martin. 

short speech about a topic of concern, and then took the group 
to a busy downtown Orlando street corner where they stood on a 
bucket and delivered their speeches. 

The inaugural edition of "The Third Day," an environmental 
newsletter published by the Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Brethren Witness office, was mailed in late January. The 
six-page publication is a collaborative effort drawing on the exper- 
tise of a small group of Brethren environmentalists who comprise 
an ad hoc environmental advisory committee with the Brethren 
Witness office. The newsletter's title refers to the third day of cre- 
ation—the day that God first brought living things into being. 
Individuals wishing to receive this newsletter should contact Karin 
Davidson at or at 800 323-8039. 

The York Center Church of the Brethren on March 15 cele- 
brated the life and mission of Bethany Theological Seminary at 
its former Oak Brook, III., campus. York Center served as the 
home church for Bethany's staff and students from the early 
1960s when Bethany relocated there from Chicago until mid- 
1994, when the seminary moved to Richmond, Ind. The 
property is in the process of being sold and all of the buildings 
have been razed. "The purpose of this service is to express our 
gratitude for Bethany's ministry through the years, to share our 
memories related to Bethany's Chicago-area location, to con- 
fess our need for healing as we grieve the changing Oak Brook 
property, and to open ourselves to the gift of renewed hope for 
the future," said Christy Waltersdorff, pastor, in a letter inviting 
people to the event. 

April 1998 Messenger 1 1 




iTeart for rainlsTO 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

Church of the Brethren congregations are getting 
serious again about calling people to become 
ordained ministers. For some it has been so long 
since they "called" one of their own into the min- 
istry that they've forgotten how. Some thought calling and 
nurturing prospective new pastors was the 
responsibility of the pastor. ,„,„.■..-- 

But gradually God and 
church members are getting 
together — sometimes through 
deacons and sometimes with 
the help of nominating com- 
mittees — to ask gifted and 
spirit-filled people to consider 
starting down the path toward 

Being a pastor is "a great 
way to live life," says Allen 
Hansell, director of ministry on 
the General Board staff. "A min- 
ister is invited into the depth of 
a person's faith and life. What's 
more important than that? 
What's more important than 
being involved in the daily strug- 
gles and celebrations of life? It's 
a wonderful opportunity." 

Eugene Roop, president of 
Bethany Theological Seminary, 
often relays to ministry prospects 
the saying, "It's easier to make a 

"Being a pastor is 
«a great way to live 
life....A minister IS 

invited into the 
depth of a person's 

A life What's 
faith and ine- "" 
more important 
than that? What's 

more important than f 
l^eing involved m the 

daily struggles and 


It's a won 


dollar than to make a difference." The pastoral ministry 
offers the chance to make a difference in individuals and 
communities. "The church offers the gospel of grace in a 
world of demands and law. As a pastor, you are simply 
offering the gospel to people struggling to understand 
how to be the person God is calling them to be." 

These two make it sound attractive. Yet the vocation of 
pastor has fallen on hard times in recent years. It has 
gotten a reputation for low pay accompanied by unreason- 
able expectations, even abuse in some cases, by 
congregations. Scandals involving televangelists also have 
taken their toll on what was once an esteemed profession. 
All the more reason, says Hansell, for 
'*"" t churches to resume their traditional role of 
nurturing and calling out prospects for the 
"set-apart" ministry. "In the Church of the 
Brethren, all people are ministers. But the 
faith community then calls out for leader- 
ship certain ones who then pursue 
ordination." It is ordination that sets 
those leaders apart from others who min- 
ister. The entire process of calling, 
equipping, and ordaining becomes holy. 
It distinguishes churches from those that 
merely hire a pastor to do a job. And it 
distinguishes pastors who are called 
from those who merely volunteer for a 

"The climate of the home and the 
congregation makes a difference," says 
! Hansell. "Sometimes people quite 
; young are thinking about how they're 
I going to spend their lives. The con- 
gregation needs to create a climate of 
nurturing these thoughts and ambi- 
tions. We can talk about it more. 
Parents can talk about it openly and 
honestly in the home. We can listen 

of life' 

12 Messenger April 1998 

carefully and be alert to what people are saying. Pastors 
can have sermons on what it means to be called." 

Hansell emphasizes that the call to ministry can come 
to anyone, even someone who already has a successful 
career. "Even after they're ordained they may stay in their 
old job and be bivocational." And, he says, a person need 
not be especially devout to be called. "God calls very ordi- 
nary people." 

Some districts have gone beyond casual nurturing to 
active recruitment. In 1992 the Atlantic Northeast Dis- 
trict asked the district board, pastors, and lay leaders to 

send the district office names of men and women who 
should consider the ministry. It received over 1 50 names 
and, of those, 55 participated in a series of follow-up 
"discernment" classes. Of those 55, nine have completed 
their training and have been ordained and three more are 
licensed ministers. Those 12 are serving congregations in 
pastoral roles. Four others are serving the church in other 
leadership roles, and another 12 of the original 55 are in 
ministry training programs. 

Southern Pennsylvania and Virlina districts both fol- 
lowed later with similar successful programs. On May 1 and 


The crucial role of districts 

District executives are finding 
it more difficult to assist con- 
gregations in calling pastoral 
leadership. Congregations want expe- 
rienced and well-trained pastors, but 
there are just not enough to go around. 
This situation is complicated by the 
fact that many congregations cannot 
afford to pay a full-time pastor. 

The Ministry Advisory Council, com- 
posed of the partners engaged in 
ministry and ministry training (districts, 
the seminary, the Committee on Higher 
Education, and the General Board), has 
been meeting since the fall of 1996 to 
implement the recommendations of the 
Annual Conference paper on Ministerial 

Many congregations have lost sight 
of their role of encouraging their 
members to consider the set-apart 
ministry. In fact it is not uncommon to 
hear words of discouragement to those 
considering a call to ministry. The 
office of ministry is not granted the 
respect it once carried. The district can 
help congregations reclaim their role 
of calling out ministerial leadership. 

District ministry commissions play a 
critical role in helping people to discern 
their gifts for ministry. They also play a 

role in calling, evaluating readiness, 
training, encouraging, nurturing, super- 
vising, and sometimes disciplining 
pastors. This is a complex role, one that 
many commissions are not well pre- 
pared to fulfill. One of the high priorities 
of denominational ministry staff is to 
work with district executives to facilitate 
their work. This includes clarification of 
polity on licensing and ordination; 
resources for evaluating the gifts and 
readiness for ministry; training for 
ethics committees dealing with clergy 
and congregational ethics issues; and 
assistance in providing ministry training 
options such as the Three-Year Reading 
Course, the Brethren Academy, or 
scholarship aid to Bethany students. 

Pastoral placement is often cited by 
district executives and district boards 
as their highest priority. The place- 
ment process is complex, requiring 
much energy and effort to help congre- 
gations discern the style of leadership 
that will help them fulfill their vision as 
a church, while also helping candidates 
discern God's call for their lives and 
ministry. A district executive must be 
well acquainted with the congregation, 
knowing its leadership, culture, and its 
understanding of God's call. 

Of equal importance is the role dis- 
trict executives play as "pastor to 
pastors." The district executive is the 
one person to whom pastors can turn 
for support, encouragement, and 
sometimes advocacy, when they 
encounter difficulties in their ministry. 
District executives and discipleship 
and reconciliation committees are 
often instrumental in resolving issues 
between pastors and their congrega- 
tions. In turn, district executives are 
often mentors to pastors as they 
develop their gifts for ministry. Fre- 
quently DEs are called upon to 
provide links between pastors and 
congregations, the General Board, and 
other agencies of the church. 

As more people are called to the set- 
apart ministry later in life and are already 
involved in other vocations, the church 
must respond to the challenge of provid- 
ing adequate preparation and training 
for these bivocational pastors. In many 
districts, the Three-Year Reading Course 
is offered as one option for ministry 
training for pastors who are not able to 
attend seminary or participate in other 
training programs. — Nancy Knepper 

Nancy Knepper is coordinator of district 
ministries on tlie General Board staff. 

April 1998 Messenger 13 

2 this year Middle Pennsylvania District is scheduled to host 
up to 40 people who are exploring an interest in ministry. 
Sessions are planned on the meaning of call, an explanation 
of the licensing process, and options for education and 
training, according to Randy Yoder, district executive. 

It will take all of this and more to meet the need for 
new pastors in the next few years, according to Hansell. 
One study projects that nearly 300 pastors will retire by 
2005. With retirement and other vacancies, the Church of 
the Brethren needs to call and train for the ministry 80 
people a year, but last year only 30 were called and 
trained. The denominational ministry office has set the 
goal of having 500 men and women called and trained for 
the set-apart ministry by the end of 2003. 

The current effort has its background in the Commit- 
tee on Ministerial Leadership, which delivered its final 
report to the 1996 Annual Conference. The committee 
made a series of recommendations and called for a five- 

year emphasis on ministry and leadership development in 
the Church of the Brethren. Preparations have been 
underway, culminating last October with the formation of 
the General Board's new ministry office, which includes 
the director of ministry, a coordinator of district min- 
istries, and the coordinators of the Brethren Academy for 
Ministerial Leadership. Now the machinery is in place for 
the five-year-emphasis to begin. 

Of course nobody expects the task of finding pastors 
to be over in five years. But one by one the issues that 
sometimes stand in the way of ministry recruitment are 
being identified and addressed. Most ministry prospects 
have questions about education and training. 

"Without a sense of call, no amount of education will 
do much good," says Hansell. "Yet we think training is 
important. You need to be equipped. And seminary is the 
preferred route of training. Bethany is the way to go." 
Bethany Theological Seminary at Richmond, Ind., has 

The Brethren Academy 

The Brethren Academy for Min- 
isterial Leadership coordinates 
non-degree programs in min- 
istry training, continuing education 
opportunities for pastors, and training 
events focused on leadership develop- 
ment. The Academy office, located at 
Bethany Theological Seminary in 
Richmond, Ind., is a denominational 
partnership between the General 
Board's ministry office and Bethany. 

The Brethren Academy is an 
umbrella for a variety of ministry train- 
ing options, other than the degree 
programs at the seminary. The options 
include two certificate programs — Edu- 
cation for a Shared Ministry (EFSM) 
and Training in Ministry (TRIM). 
EFSM offers congregationally based 
training designed to equip a pastoral 
and lay team for leadership in small 
membership churches. TRIM features 
a combination of college work, district- 
sponsored courses, special workshops 
and seminars, supervised ministry 
experience, and participation in a min- 

istry formation group. An orientation 
for the 1998 entering class for TRIM 
students and EFSM congregations will 
be held at Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary, luly 18-22, 1998. 

Another Academy event held each 
lanuary is a week-long intensive at 
Bethany. This year's course, "Explor- 
ing Our Brethren Heritage," was 
taught by Donald F. Durnbaugh, with 
33 students in attendance. 

The Brethren Academy enters into 
partnerships with many agencies and 
groups to sponsor leadership training 
opportunities. For example, the Sum- 
mer Extension School, working in 
cooperation with districts, is held each 
summer at a Church of the Brethren 
college. It will be held in July this year 
at luniata College, Huntingdon, Pa. 
The Academy works with districts to 
strengthen their specific educational 
events, such as the Three-Year Read- 
ing Course (or its equivalent), or the 
Theological Institute of the Church of 
the Brethren in Puerto Rico. 

The Brethren Academy has also 
been given the challenge of providing 
opportunities for leadership develop- 
ment, which will enhance ministry 
within the denomination. Currently, 
an Academy research project is seek- 
ing to learn more about bivocational 
ministry within the Church of the 
Brethren. The initial results of this 
research will be presented at the 
ministry training luncheon during 
Annual Conference. 

Other emerging projects for the 
Academy include exploring the possi- 
bilities of distance learning through 
technology; partnering with Congre- 
gational Life Ministries to sponsor 
continuing education for pastors; 
partnering with Ministry Summer 
Service to provide summer intern- 
ships for young adults; and working 
with the Center for Creative Church 
Leadership to train pastors and other 
leaders. — Harriet and Ron Finney 

Harriet and Ron Finney are coordinators of 
the Bretljren Academy. 

14 Messenger April 1998 


worked closely with the denomi- 
national ministry office to develop 
numerous educational opportuni- 
ties even for those who can't live 
on campus and go to school full - 
time. And Bethany tries to help 
students with financial aid in part- 
nership with congregations, ^, 
districts, and alumni. i 

"Seminary helps to foster a 
reflective, thoughtful ministry as well . 
as skillful leadership," says Bethany 
President Roop. "It is for one who 
can live out of the life of the spirit 
and call others to that life as well." 
Roop says some seminarians, espe- 
cially Bethany's younger students, 
consider their education to be part of -., 
their discernment process, helping 
them to decide whether to pursue pas- 
toral ministry as a profession. '"* 

For ministry candidates who 
cannot attend seminary, the Brethren 
Academy for Ministerial Leadership 
offers nondegree training programs, 
including Education for a Shared Min- 
istry (EFSM) and Training in Ministry 
(TRIM). (See sidebar.) 

While much of the emphasis is on calling, and working 

Cold feet no more 

Western Pennsylvania district delegates always sit 
together at Annual Conference. This past year at Long 
Beach we had two people who had never attended an 
Annual Conference before. They were Nancy Johnson of 
Ligonier Church of the Brethren and Terry Berkebile rep- 
resenting Walnut Grove Church of the Brethren. 

My uncle, Harry Deffenbaugh, saved the seats for our sec- 
tion each day. Nancy and I got there the first day and ended 
up sitting toward the end of one of the rows. Terry was there 
earlier but went back to his room to get some different shoes 
and socks because his feet were cold from the ice below the 
floor in the arena. Because he came in last he ended up sit- 
ting by Nancy instead of where he originally was. 

Terry and Nancy hit it off right from the start. Those of 
us from Western Pennsylvania kept encouraging them to 
spend time together because it was quite apparent there 

With retirement and ^ 
other vacancies, ^ 
the Church of the ^ 
Brethren needs to . 
call and train for 
the ministry 80 
people a year, hut 
last year only 30 
were called and 
trained. The denomi- 
national ministry 

office has set the goal 

, of having 500 men 
and women caUeda^d 

^ trained for theses 
apart ministry hy the/ 

end of S003 

with those who are called, Hansell's 
office is also working with congrega- 
tions to eliminate roadblocks to 
ministry. Some congregations have 
found ways to be better employers for 
their pastor by assessing themselves 
in light of the recent Annual Confer- 
ence paper on congregational ethics. 
Others have become more open to 
minorities and women as pastors. 
"This is a huge concern," says 
Hansell. "More than 50 percent of 
those enrolled in seminary are 
women. After they invest all that 
time in getting a seminary educa- 
tion, some find that there are not 
as many opportunities for them to 
be placed in a church." 

The ministry office is calling on 
all in the church to develop a new 
heart for ministry. "The ministry 
of the church belongs to all of 
us," says Hansell. "Pastors 
cannot lead well unless they 
have committed folks who want 
their congregations to be trans- 
formed by the Spirit of God. And congregations cannot 
thrive unless they have pastoral leaders who are "inr 

committed to the call of God and the church." \ 


was great interest on both their parts. We all would con- 
veniently have plans for dinner, so they would have to 
spend time getting to know each other. What a bunch of 

Terry and Nancy lived 30 or 40 miles from each other 
back in Pennsylvania, but that didn't stop them from 
beginning to date when they came home. One thing led to 
another and I am happy to say that on December 3 1 , 
Nancy and Terry were married at Walnut Grove Church 
of the Brethren by pastor Mike Clark. 

A lot of good things come out of Annual Conference! 
Nancy and Terry say now they have to attend Conference 
every year to celebrate their meeting one another. 
— Shelby F. McCoy, Friedens, Pa. 

Messenger would like to publiih other short, colorful, atid humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Messenger, Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at fffarrar@midwest. net. 

April 1998 Messenger 15 


With dying 

BY Dale Aukerman 

The One who died and rose again is the victor 
over cancer, heart disease, AIDS, Alzheimer s, 

schizophrenia, abuse of children, , ♦ , But if 

Christ already has the victory over such things, 

why are they so much in evidence? Why do they 

seem to have such encompassing dominion? 

1 6 Messenger April 1998 

My wife, Ruth, and I were 
finishing a meal in a Chi- 
nese restaurant. I broke 
open a fortune cookie and 
read the words, "Your deepest wish 
will be fulfilled." As someone likely to 
die quite soon, 1 smiled at getting this 
as my fortune. The first thought that 
came to me was, yes, the wish that I 
would continue to live much longer 
with my loved ones. 

But later I got to reflecting. That 
was not at all right. What I want 
most should have to do, not with 
longer life, but with living for the 
glory of God and toward the coming 
of God's kingdom. With that as my 
deepest desire 1 can look confidently 
to God to help me toward its fulfill- 
ment, whether my remaining time on 
learth is very short or relatively long. 
The shallow fortune cookie predic- 
tion would turn out to be true. 

On November 5, 1996, I found out 
that I had a tumor three and a half 
inches across on my left lung. Later 
tests showed that the cancer had 
spread to the liver, the right hip, and 
two spots in the spine. I learned that 
I could figure on living two to six 
months, with a median survival 
prospect of four months. 

It's amazing the reorientation of 
outlook that can come when you find 
out that you may have only a couple 
of months to live. Each day and each 
close relationship became much 
more precious than before. Every 
morning 1 would think of which new 
day of the month it was — this further 
day given by God. With fresh intent- 
ness I gazed at my family, my home, 
and God's creation, knowing that my 
time for seeing all this might very 
soon be at an end. In the anointing 
service held not long after the diag- 
nosis I confessed that I had not been 
giving God nearly enough attention. 
Through the cancer God certainly 
gained much more of my attention. 

When my sister Jane died of an 
especially lethal form of cancer at the 
age of 14, my mother saw this as 
God's will: God chose to take her. 

and who were we as human beings to 
challenge that? For some people this 
type of view gives comfort. I see such 
things somewhat differently. I don't 
think God sends cancer or heart dis- 
ease or Alzheimer's. When a drunken 
driver swerves into another car and 
kills a number of people, I don't 
believe that is God's will. 

With fresh 
intentness i gazed at 
my family, my home, 
AND God's creation, 





So much in the world is not what 
God intended and not what God 
wants. Around us are the threatening 
powers of death, rebel powers within 
God's creation. In 2 Corinthians 12:7, 
Paul wrote of his troubling ailment, 
that thorn in the flesh. He called it "a 
messenger of Satan." God has mes- 
sengers, agents that represent his 
dominion. Things like cancer are 
agents of the contrary power that 
enforces the dominion of death. 

Take lung cancer as an example. 
Some people smoke and bring on lung 
cancer. I'm in the 7 percent of victims 
who have never been smokers. But 
I've not taken up the useless question, 
"Why me?" Such illness can come to 
anyone. Embracing modern technol- 
ogy, we have messed up the 
environment with all sorts of pollu- 
tants. I live downwind from a cement 
plant that through the years has 
burned some terrible things in its 
kilns. A millionth of a gram of pluto- 
nium is enough to cause lung cancer 
in a person. All of us have in our 
bodies some plutonium from nuclear 

weapons production, testing, and use. 
In so many ways humanity aligns itself 
with the powers and agents of death. 

But God is with us as the One who 
stands against death. In more ways 
than we can notice or comprehend, 
God turns back the powers of death. 
As a boy I came near to being killed 
under a farm wagon. Several years 
later I almost died from what may 
have been arsenic poisoning. I've had 
close calls in automobiles. A few 
years ago I was attacked in a truck 
by a steer with horns. He charged 
twice, then stopped and walked out 
of the truck. After six cycles of 
chemotherapy, a regimen of nutri- 
tional supplements, and so much 
praying by a host of friends, I had 
another CAT scan, which showed 
that the tumor on my lung had 
shrunk to less than one-fourth of its 
earlier size. Two of the doctors spoke 
of that as a miracle. In an amazing 
way, contrary to the medical proba- 
bilities, God has held back death 
from me and given longer life. 

God brings into existence every 
living creature and every one of us. 
God is also the Sustainer, holding up 
into existence each creature and each 
of us. All of us have had times of 
rescue from death. All of us have expe- 
rienced God's power of healing many 
times — even from something so 
common as a cold. As just one dimen- 
sion, the immune system of the human 
body is an incredible array of defenses 
against attack. God keeps us in life by 
turning back the forces of death. 

After my diagnosis I started to pray 
much more for people with cancer. A 
number of those on my prayer list 
have died. For some God brings 
about full healing from a disease 
such as cancer. For others God gra- 
ciously gives a considerable length of 
time before the end. There are those 
who die so soon. Death was not part 
of God's original intention for 
humanity. But all of us have sinned, 
and for each of us the time comes 
when God no longer holds back 
death, and one by one we seem to be 

April 1998 Messenger 17 

given over to that dark power. 

In Ephesians 1 : 1 9-22 Paul writes 
of "the immeasurable greatness of 
[God's] power" by which "he raised 
[Christ] from the dead and made 
him sit at his right hand in the heav- 
enly places." We read: God "has put 
all things under" the feet of Christ, 
that is, God has brought Christ to 
victorious dominion over all rebel 
powers. This is a biblical image for 
triumphant conquest and subjugat- 
ing rule. The One who died and rose 
again is the victor over cancer, heart 
disease, AIDS, Alzheimer's, schizo- 
phrenia, abuse of children. He is the 
victor over exploitation of the poor, 
over the mindless blighting of God's 
good earth, over the madness of mili- 
tary spending and nuclear weapons. 

But we may ask: If Christ already 
has the victory over such things, why 
are they so much in evidence? Why 
do they seem to have such encom- 
passing dominion? In a war there 
may be one decisive battle that deter- 
mines which side will win. Because 
of that battle the one side is sure to 
go on to complete triumph, even 
though the other side still has troops 
in the field and the struggle contin- 
ues. It's only a matter of time until 
that side is utterly vanquished. When 
we look to lesus Christ, executed on 
a Roman cross and risen from a 
rock-hewn tomb, we put our trust in 
the One through whom all the 
powers of darkness have been 
defeated. Their grip on humanity has 
been broken. It is just a matter of 
time until they will be totally van- 
quished and swept from the field. 

Our hope as Christians does not 
have to do first of all with gaining 
eternal life after death. The towering 
hope given in the New Testament is 
that God's glorious kingdom will 
come, the invisible risen Lord will 
appear in splendor to recreate all 
that God has made, everything evil 
and destructive will be done away 
with. That is, history will turn out 
right. The human story will receive 
its God-given ending. God at some 
point will take total control of the 

1 8 Messenger April 1998 

stream of human events and bring in 
the unimaginable wonder of the New 
Age. We hope in God for the fulfill- 
ment of all that God has promised, 
and, quite secondarily, we hope to 
have our own tiny part in that, for 
all eternity. 

One friend who asked to pray 
with me for my healing was 
very insistent that I must have 
"100 percent faith" that God would 
heal me completely and if I did, that 
healing would certainly come. I was 
grateful for her concern and prayer, 

We hope in God for 

the fulfillment of 

all that god has 

promised, and, quite 

secondarily, we hope 

to have our own 

tiny part in that, 

for all eternity. 

but 1 can't agree with that approach. In 
that view, we have the determining 
role: If we can reach such a degree of 
certainty, this brings God's healing. It 
can become almost like a magic for- 
mula that gives us control. 

In contrast, a key passage for me 
has been the story in Mark 1 :40-45. 
"A leper came to [|esus] beseeching 
him, and kneeling said to him, Tf you 
will, you can make me clean.'" The 
leper had strong faith that |esus could 
heal him, but he was not supposing 
that his faith would automatically 
induce lesus to perform such a heal- 
ing. The leper saw jesus as the One 
who would freely and graciously 
decide whether to give healing. We 
read: "Moved with pity, [jesus] 
stretched out his hand and touched 
him, and said to him, T will; be clean.' 
And immediately the leprosy left him, 
and he was made clean." 

A number of best-selling books about 
healing have been published that have a 
message something like this: Have pos- 
itive thoughts, picture your illness as 
eliminated, be confident you're going 
to be healed, and the chances are very 
good that you will be. I think there is 
some truth in this approach. The out- 
look of a sick person certainly is 
important. But the popular literature 
gives it the central role. The idea is that 
we ourselves have that positive power 
to bring healing for ourselves. 

But biblical faith is basically differ- 
ent from such a view. If as Christians 
we grope toward healing, we recog- 
nize that God has the central role. 
Our part is quite significant, and 
God makes use of it. However, we 
look to God for healing, and not to 
the power of positive thoughts that 
we evoke within ourselves. 

Another key passage for me has 
been the one in Mark 5:24b-34 in 
which the woman, coming through 
the dense crowd, touched the gar- 
ment of jesus, and healing power 
flowed into her. I want to be in touch 
with jesus so that power from him 
can flow into me for healing or for 
coping with whatever comes. 

God has given me a measure of 
healing, and we rejoice in that. God 
may give me or any stricken person 
full healing from a deadly disease, and 
that is cause for yet greater rejoicing. 
But when God does not and the agent 
of death sooner or later seems to win 
out, we can still rejoice. For death's 
triumph is swallowed up in Christ's 
victory. At some point each of us is 
given over to death, but that infernal 
grip cannot hold us. God lifts us out 
of it to be with our risen Lord. 

When we found out that 1 might 
have only a few weeks to live, there 
came the urgent question of priori- 
ties. What was important enough to 
give time to? My pattern of reading 
shifted. As for the daily newspaper, I 
would look at the headlines and 
check the weather. Time seemed too 
precious for more than that. We 
didn't have the television on for 
maybe three months. I read the cards 

and letters from friends, but very 
little else that came in the mail. 
Reading the Bible was what seemed 
so crucially important. 

God speaks to us in many ways. For 
me the most personal and vital way is 
through the words of scripture. It is 
sometimes said that a verse in one's 
devotional reading can jump out at a 
person to be God's "marching orders 
for the day." Continually during the 
past months I've been given such 
verses. These messages from God are 
a decisive help when we are cornered 
by death, but we need them so much 
also in what seem less critical times. 

I have kept returning to verses 
having to do with fear. It has many 
ways of getting a hold on us, even 
through lesser threats. God's word is 
given in Isaiah 41:10: "Fear not, for 
I am with you, be not dismayed, for I 
am your God." Jesus, walking on the 
water, said to the trembling disciples 
in the boat (and to me): "Take heart, 
it is I; have no fear" (Matt. 14:27). 
The risen Christ speaks in Revelation 
1:17-18: "Fear not, I am the first 
and the last, and the living one; I 
died, and behold I am alive for ever- 
more, and I have the keys of Death 
and Hades." Even if death comes 
close to stalk us or a loved one, we 
don't have to be afraid. The Lord is 
risen indeed. He has defeated death 
and will soon put an end to it. 

Throughout my adult life I have 
been much involved in peace witness 
and peacemaking. During these past 
months I've cherished verses about 
peace. Isaiah 26:3 gives the promise: 
Thou dost keep him in perfect 
peace, whose mind is stayed on thee, 
because he trusts in thee." The risen 
Lord said to the fearful disciples in 
the upper room: "Peace be with you" 
(John 20:20, 21). As I was being 
thrust in and out of the MRI tunnel, 
I would think of the verse "the peace 
of God, which passes all understand- 
ing, will keep your hearts and your 
minds in Christ |esus" (Phil. 4:7). 
This peace, in the biblical under- 
standing, is more than inner 
tranquility of spirit. It is wholeness 

of life and relationships given by God 
over against all that fragments and 
destroys. God's gift of peace can 
bear us up even when we walk 
through the valley of deep darkness. 
Other verses that have stood out and 

At some point each 





accompanied me have to do with 
rejoicing. Psalm 70:4 gives the appeal: 
"May all who seek thee rejoice and be 
glad in thee." [esus said to his despair- 
ing followers in the upper room, shortly 
before his arrest: "These things I have 
spoken to you, that my joy may be in 
you, and that your joy may be full" 
(|ohn 15:1 I). Paul gave the exhorta- 
tion: "Rejoice in the Lord always; again 
I will say, rejoice" (Phil. 4:4). 

When my sister Jane died, we who 
were closest to her were grief- 

During Holy Week of 1997, 

midway through 
chemotherapy. Dale 
Aukerman oversaw the 
planting of more than 500 
trees in his meadow. 

stricken. But there was something in 
us stronger than that. We could 
rejoice because Jesus raised from the 
dead had changed everything for us 
and for all humanity. Our experience 
was that of the Easter hymn: 

Lo! Jesus meets us. 
Risen from the tomb. 
Lovingly he greets us, 
Scatters fear and gloom. 

I talked in Bridgewater, Va., with 
William Beahm, retired dean of 
Bethany Seminary, a little before he 
died of prostate cancer. One thing he 
said was, "Be thankful when your 
plumbing works." There is so much we 
take for granted and don't give thanks 
for. He also said, "Death is as close as 
the truck in the oncoming lane of traf- 
fic." I think he meant: Ordinarily the 
huge semi in the oncoming lane goes 
on by; but something can happen, and 
there is a head-on collision. The possi- 
bility of death is that close, and none of 
us knows when for us the possibility 
will become the actual thing. 

We are given these years of life on 
earth as testing and preparation 
within God's scrutinizing view. Each 
day is precious. Don't waste time. 
Keep examining your priorities. Cher- 
ish your loved ones and hug them 
often. Feed on God's word and take 
with you each day words that spring 
out at you as God's special promise or 
command. In times that aren't so hard 
give God your deepest attention, and 
when the hardest times come, God 
will be right there with you. 

Take heart. Fear not. Rejoice in the 
Lord. "And the peace of God, which 
passes all understanding, will keep 
your hearts and your minds in rrp 
Christ jesus. l I 

Dale Aukerman. a writer, preacher, and 
peace advocate, lives near Union Bridge, Md. 

April 1998 Messenger 19 

Y^^4ysXJLM< /\ 




How I found my lost cousin, Ted Studebaker 

BY Joel Ulrich 

I want to understand war. Every- 
one talks about it. It seems like a 
phenomenon that destroys so 
many people's lives and leaves noth- 
ing in its place. 

But war is a funny concept for 
young people in the United States 
under the age of 23, such as me. We 
have never directly experienced it. All 
my generation has are books, movies, 
pictures, and stories of those who 
have gone through war in the past. 
This has created a major conflict that 
plagues my consciousness. If I 
cannot understand global war, how 
can I possibly fathom global peace? 

One such story of peace and war, 
with which many within the Church 
of the Brethren are familiar, is the life 
of Ted Studebaker. Ted, a graduate of 
Manchester College, declared himself 
a conscientious objector to the war in 
Vietnam. He had no hesitation, how- 
ever, to entering South Vietnam in 
April 1969 as a participant in Viet- 
nam Christian Service (VCS). 

Ted chose VCS because of its 
service-oriented nature, a logical 

20 Messenger April 1998 

extension of his Church of the 
Brethren background. He worked in 
the village of Di Linh (pronounced Z 
Lin) with Koho refugees who had 
been displaced from the mountains. 
He worked to increase their rice effi- 
ciency, introduced fertilizers, helped 
establish an agricultural cooperative, 
and built chicken coops in bathtubs. 

The old French hunting lodge where led 
Studebaker and other VCS vohinteers 
had lived is now a restaurant. Ted's 
room was on the lower right corner 

For an American he had a wonderful 
rapport with the tribal people. 

After his two-year term was com- 
pleted, he decided to stay another year. 

He married another VCS volunteer 
from Hong Kong named Lee Ven Pak 
in a church in Di Linh, the service con- 
ducted in the Koho language. They had 
been married only a week when Ted 
was killed in the lodge where he lived 
by a Viet Cong insurrection. The Viet 
Cong were nationalist guerrilla groups 
fighting in South Vietnam against the 
government. Ted was, after all, an 
American, or "enemy," living among 
the local people. 

Ted has special significance to me. 
He was my mother's second cousin 
(my great grandfather was the brother 
of Ted's father) , and it would be hard 
to get through a Thanksgiving dinner 
at my grandparents' home in New 
Carlisle, Ohio, without mentioning 
something about Ted and the role that 
he represented: practicing nonviolence 
in the midst of violence. This cousin I 
never knew embodied the ideal lifestyle. 
I even wrote about Ted for one of my 
college essays on who has been the 
foremost hero in my life. And of course 
my book collection has a worn copy of 
the children's story by Joy Moore about 
the life of Ted Studebaker. 

So I was elated when I heard that 
there was going to be a three-week 
class traveling to Vietnam in January, 
jointly sponsored by the University of 
La Verne and Manchester College, 

examining the American war in Viet- 
nam from the Vietnamese perspective. 
One aspect of our 26-person trip was 
to visit Di Linh, in hopes of finding 
something of Ted's life and death 

Then I found out that my wonderful 
cousin, Nick Studebaker, now a stu- 
dent at Manchester College, was also 
going. The new generation of family 
was seeking out the old. I wanted Ted 
Studebaker to help me understand 
what war is. What it is like to die. And 
what peace is. 

I arrived at Di Linh with very little 
expectation of recovering anything 
substantial. We didn't know how to 
get to the lodge where he had stayed. 
We received word from someone who 
had visited Di Linh a few years back 
that the town was very different now 
from what it had been in the 1970s. 

Indeed, town landscape in Vietnam 
has drastically changed since the late 
1980s when Vietnam moved to a 
market economy while retaining its 
Communist one-party rule. Moreover 
it has been only four years since the 
United States completely waived its 
trade embargo against Vietnam, a 
country which was then and still is 
today one of the poorest in the world. 

So with the advent of the change to 
the market economy, roadside stands 

Khai Tran Van explains the circumstances 

of the night that he saw Ted 
Studebaker on the floor of his room 
in the hunting lodge after being 
killed by the Viet Cong. 

selling everything from rice to paint 
brushes to helicopters made out of 
Coca Cola cans are pervasive. We had 
been told that a market now existed 
in place of the old French hunting 
lodge where Ted had stayed. 

Other things made it unlikely that we 
would find any trace of Ted's history. 
For some reason, everyone had thought 
someone else would bring a picture of 
Ted, so we ended up with no photo to 
show people. We also didn't know his 
Vietnamese name. They probably 
didn't call him Ted, but rather some 
Vietnamese derivative. It may even 
have been a name in the Koho lan- 
guage. After all, everyone he lived and 
worked with were Koho refugees who 
were no longer living in Di Linh but 
had now returned to the mountains. 

I envisioned our group arriving in Di 
Linh, getting out of the bus, taking 
pictures of some random street, and 
saying, "Here is Di Linh. This is where 
Ted Studebaker lived and died." Then 
back on the bus and on we'd go. 

We did have one lead: The hunting 
lodge was supposed to have stood 
about a hundred feet away from a 
church in the middle of the village, 
the same church where Ted and Ven 
Pak were married. So when we finally 
entered Di Linh, we stopped at a 
seemingly random church that we saw 
from our bus windows. Our guide, 
Hoang, got out of the bus. walked 
into the church, and we all waited in 
the bus in quiet fervor. After about 10 
minutes, she came back with a small, 
old man who worked in the church. 

"We got lucky!" Hoang exclaimed. 
She introduced us to Khai Tran Van 
(called Mr. Khai by our guide), who 
was a former radio operator for the 
Army of the Republic of Vietnam 
(ARVN), or the south government's 
military. Speaking in broken English, 

April 1998 Messenger 21 

Joel Ulrich (far left) and Nick Studebaker 

{far right) met two men who had 
known and worked with Ted 
Studebaker — Khai Tran Van (left), 
and K'rah Kaning (right). 

Mr. Khai told us that he had been 
asked by the AVRN to verify and doc- 
ument the murder of Ted Studebal<er 
by the Viet Cong! Not only that, but 
he said that the old hunting lodge was 
indeed standing. 

In a rural village it would be unusual 
to see close to 30 white people just 
walking down the street with cameras 
flashing, and for that reason he was 
worried that a large group of us might 
attract authorities. So he said that he 
would take only a few of us to see the 
lodge. It ended up that Nick; our 
guide; Randy Miller, a professor of 
photojournalism from La Verne; and I 
left the bus to walk down the street 
with Mr. KJiai. 

The hunting lodge, a two-story 
building on the slope of a hill, was now 
a family-owned restaurant. Out of a 
sense of obligation and respect, we all 
ordered some soft drinks and bottled 
water. After about 10 minutes, Mr. 
Khai asked the owner if we could see 
the rooms downstairs. The five of us 
went down, and Mr. Khai took us into 
a room in the left corner by the door. 
He then proceeded to point to differ- 
ent, now imaginary, parts of the room. 
"There was a bed here, in the corner." 

When Mr. Khai had arrived that 
night, he saw Ted on the floor by the 
bed, unmoving. Ted's wife, Ven Pak, 
was lying beside him. At first Mr. Khai 
thought they were both dead, but in 
truth Ven Pak was just in complete 
shock from what had occurred and 
was holding Ted as hard as she could. 

About 1 other officials were in the 
room, and there was blood all over the 
floor. Mr. Khai said that the "VC (Viet 
Cong) thought that Ted was CIA." 
They were afraid that he was an Amer- 
ican spy and were nervous about how 
Ted was helping the Koho people. 

The room had changed a lot. There 
was no longer any bed in the 

corner — just a few chairs and a pool 
table, which overpowered the room. 
The walls were littered with posters 
of beautiful European-looking 
women holding Tiger and Carlsburg 
beers in their hands. Things change 
in 30 years. But we got lucky, 

While Mr. Khai had not known Ted 
personally, he knew an older Koho man 
in Di Linh who worked for the VCS 
with Ted. We walked down the street 
and met K'rah Kaning. "You are the 
cousins of Ted?" he exclaimed. Family 
relations are quite important in Viet- 
nam, and both Mr. Khai and Mr. K'rah 
were very honored that two of Ted's 
cousins would come back to Di Linh to 
see where he lived. 

Mr. K'rah had been a driver and 
translator for people in VCS who 
could not speak Vietnamese or Koho 
languages, although he commented 
that Ted could speak both quite well. 
They simply called him by his name, 
"Ted." He said that "Ted taught them 
to improve their lives . . . their health 
care . . .and how to have a good life. 
People loved him very much. The Koho 
people will always remember him, always 
remember the things he did for them." 

Nick and I exchanged addresses with 
the two men. We took a Polaroid pic- 
ture of the four of us and gave each of 
them a copy. I climbed back onto the 
bus, a little dazed from the experience. 
I hadn't expected this. 

I realize now that as this account 

unfolded of how a relative of mine was 
shot to death in the very room in 
which I was standing, I had felt peace- 
ful. Something about it seemed right. 
Not his death, of course, but the 
lifestyle that Ted had lived in this vil- 
lage, and the comments that we heard 
the men tell us about his life. Ted was 
speaking to Nick and me through 
these two men. "You can live a life like 
this," he was telling us. "I did." 

I hope to never truly understand war 
and peace in the same manner as my 
cousin Ted Studebaker did. After this 
journey, though, 1 am confident that I 
can contribute something in my own 
way to the issue of war and peace. My 
generation and I prove that it is possi- 
ble to go through life without being in 
a war. War is not an inevitable part of 
human history. 

I left a little notebook-paper mes- 
sage for Ted on the floor where he 
died. I told him not to worry, that a 
new generation of social activists was 
continuing his work by following the 
example that he, and [esus, and all 
other followers of nonviolence have 
set. Can we meet the standards that 
they have set for us? Or more impor- 
tantly, do we dare try? As Ted 
ended all his letters . . . "Life is 
great. Yea!" 


joel Ulrich is a sophomore majoring in polit- 
ical science and Latin American development 
at Macalester College in St. Paul. Minn. He is 
a member of York Center Church of the 
Brethren. Lombard, III. 

22 Messenger April 1998 

^^4>%i^A4^ yX^^/h'^^yh^ 

BY Brian Hartz 

Madalyn Metzger, a junior at 
Manchester College and a 
Brethren from Springfield, 111., 
went to Vietnam in [anuary with a class 
on ethical decision-making and earned 
;redit in intercultural communication. 

But for her the trip was mostly a 
journey of self-discovery, to the land 
where her mother was born, and where 
der mother met the Indiana Brethren 
,man who would become her father. 

Metzger currently has only distant 
relatives living in Vietnam, but her 
mother, after being orphaned, lived 
there for many years before moving 
to the United States. Madalyn's par- 
ents, Dennis and Van Metzger, are 
'active members of First Church of 
the Brethren, Springfield, ill. 
Metzger's father, a native of 
orth Manchester, Ind., and gradu- 
ate of Manchester College, worked in 
Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) in 
'/ietnam during the war, eventually 
neeting Metzger's mother. Van. 
An emotional highlight of the trip 
ame when she was able to locate the 
louse in the village of Tarn Ky where 
her father lived during his time in 
Vietnam, a house that she had heard 
af, but never seen. "I never thought 
I'd go to Vietnam, let alone find the 
louse where my father lived and 
A'orked," Metzger said. "That was a 
/ery emotional moment for me, to 
inow that my parents had been there 
ong ago, and that I was returning to 
t — it was a reunion of sorts, and very 

However, other moments of the trip 
Droved to be more emotionally dis- 
urbing, such as the old bomb craters 
:hat scar the countryside and the 
;harred remnants of burned villages 

and buildings. "Flying over the land 
made the destruction very obvious," 
Metzger said. "B-52 craters still dot 
the landscape, but the farmers have 
been creative in working around the 
destruction. They often use the old 
bomb craters as ponds for irrigation." 

In studying the destruction and 
devastation caused by the war, Met- 
zger was able to learn many lessons 
from this dark and tragic time in 
human history. "Vietnam didn't want 
to fight, and they didn't want the US 
there," Metzger said. "However, the 
people of Vietnam do not dwell in the 
past. Almost half the population is 
under 25, so for most of them the 
war is part of history and nothing 
else. They are moving on and moving 
forward. Things are getting better." 
But at the same time Vietnam is 
becoming more westernized, which in 
the opinion of Metzger and many 
others, "isn't always a good thing." 

Metzger insists that the Vietnamese 
do not hold many grudges. "The Viet- 
namese are a very forgiving people," 
Metzger said. "But the scars and 
wounds of war are still very apparent." 

Indeed, the group was reminded on 
numerous occasions of the atrocities 
that occurred during the war in Viet- 
nam. "We visited the site of the My Lai 
massacre, which was a very somber 
and sobering experience," Metzger 
said. My Lai was the site of a notorious 
and vicious massacre of innocent Viet- 
namese civilians, including women and 
children, by American soldiers. 

This massacre, along with the 
destruction caused by the Tet Offen- 
sive, were two of the events that led 
to the withdrawal of American troops 
from Vietnam. 

The class also visited the war crimes 
museum dedicated to the victims of 
the mass destruction and death caused 

Madalyn Metzger witli an orphan 
in Da Nang, Vietnam. 

by the war. "A lot of people couldn't 
handle it, although some did," Met- 
zger said. "Emotionally, it was very 
difficult for me to deal with the hor- 
rors of the war that I saw [at the 
museum]. It really spoke about our 
inability to learn from past mistakes, 
since atrocities such as these are still 
occurring today, around the world." 
For Metzger, visiting the small vil- 
lages and interacting with the people 
directly was an unforgettable experi- 
ence. "I really loved going to the 
villages, especially the ones that 
weren't used to having Westerners 
around," Metzger said. "It was like an 
entire village spectacle — all the people 
would come out, the kids would all try 
to talk to you, the adults would all 
smile and ask where we were from, 
how old we were, and why we were 
here." Metzger said it was especially 
pleasing to be able to converse using 
some basic Vietnamese phrases she 
learned from her parents. "Their 
faces would just light up." 


Brian Hart: is editor in cliief of Oak Leaves, 
llie Manchester College newspaper where this 
article first appeared. 

April 1998 Messenger 23 


7 7 ivico 


BY Mary Sue Rosenberger m. , -9 

"...Te alabamos. Senor. " 

"Por este pan, por este don. Te alabamos. Te alabamos. 

For este pan. por este don. Te alabamos. Senor. " 

"For this bread, for this gift, we praise you, we praise you. 
For this bread, for this gift, we praise you, Lord." 

This simple little Spanish-language table grace blessed 
many of the simple little meals shared together by the 
first Senior Adult Workcamp in Puerto Rico, (anu- 
ary 8-19. Sixteen work campers — tall 
and short, women and men, black and 
white, clergy and lay, Spanish-fluent 
and linguistically challenged, employed 
and retired, married and single — all 
learned to praise God in Spanish for 
the gift of food. But food was only one 
of the many gifts God showered upon 
this hardy group of senior pioneers. 
There was also the gift of com- 
munity. From the moment our group 
met, it was apparent that the Associ- 
ation of Brethren Caregivers had 
gathered together a unique bunch of 
hardy souls for this Caribbean adven- 
ture. As the week progressed, the 
special gifts of each person were called 
into service: The Arnolds of Berne, 
Ind. — Edith, a quiet and hard-work- 
ing gardener and Homer, a zealous 
ditch-digger. The Bollingers of Goshen, 
Ind. — John, a master joke teller and 
apprentice cement mixer and [olene, 
world-record holder for number 
of insect bites on the legs. The Corys 
of North Manchester, Ind. — Martha, 
a preacher with laryngitis and 
Norman, an antique machine 

wizard. Bill lackson of New Lebanon, Ohio — friendly 
giant, harmless to all except buried water lines. Ron 
McAdams, Tipp City, Ohio — retired computer whiz 
turned preacher and apprentice block layer. The Petrys 

24 Messenger April 1998 

of Lakemore, Ohio — ^Alice, with world-class adjustability, 
and Larry, jack-of-all-trades and master of most. The 
Rosenbergers of Greenville, Ohio — Bruce, organizer, chauf- 
feur, communicator, and Mary Sue, official map-reader and 
historian. The Sanblooms of Brookston, Ind. — Heifer Pro- 
ject International veterans. Bob, first-class cement-mixer | 
and loann, gardener par excellence. Beulah Shisler of Lans- 
dale. Pa. — quiet, hard-working competition to the Energizer 
Bunny; and Marilyn Yohn, of Elgin, III. — willing, generous, 
and wide-eyed as a first-time traveler abroad. Diverse gifts, 
essential skills, all bound together in 
the gift of community. "We thank 
you. Lord." 

The gift of sharing. This ABC : 

adventure was publicized by the i 
Older Adult Ministries Cabinet as a 
"workcamp," and, indeed, it was a 
workcamp. For five days, these 
hardy seniors — most of them 
retired — returned to work, really 
hard work! Preparing rocky soil, 
landscaping, designing and laying a 
gravel walkway, digging a trench, 
mixing and pouring a concrete base 
under the perimeter fence, tearing 
down and rebuilding concrete block 
walls for a new kitchen — these were 
the tasks undertaken by these stal- 
wart seniors. Hands unaccustomed 
to a machete learned to clear brush 
with it. Arms that had never used a 
pickax managed to use it to loosen 
the hard, rocky soil. Preachers dug 
trenches, planted shrubs, and laid 
concrete block. A retired govern- 
ment employee and an ex-insurance 
salesman both became adept at 

Workcamp participants /^//ce Retry and Bill Jackson work 
with Puerto Rican contractor Abel Pagan to prepare 
for the rebuilding of a concrete wall for Yahuecas Church 
of the Brethren's new kitchen. 

Older adults working alongside 
members from several Puerto 
Rican Church of the Brethren 
congregations include (first row, 
left to right) Marilyn Ybhn. Alice 
and Larry Petry, Jolene 
Bollinger, Jorge and Norma 
Rivera. Abel Pagan: (second 
row) Edith Arnold. John 
Bollinger. Bruce and Mary Sue 
Rosenberger Martha and 
Norman Cory. Ron McAdams. 
joann Sanbloom. Beulah 
Slushier, Jose Ostolaza and 
Jorge Rivera. Jr; (third row) 
Bill Jackson. Homer Arnold, 
and Bob Sanbloom. 

mixing concrete. An accountant, now retired, wielded a 
sledgehammer with enough force and persistence that she 
broke down two concrete posts. As one participant 
observed, "Nobody could pay me enough to make me work 
this hard!" 

But it was work shared with the Yahuecas Church of the 
Brethren. Each day, pastor )orge Rivera was available to 
encourage, to assist in purchase of needed supplies, and to 
keep the group supplied with work. Abel Pagan and Jose 
Ostolaza, congregational leaders, worked with the group 
Idaily, supervising and helping insure that the finished pro- 
jects would meet the needs of the congregation. Angel and 
^oung Jorge, nephew and son of the pastor, came each day 
to help with the work and to translate when needed. Norma 
Rivera, wife of Jorge and co-pastor of the congregation, had 
organized the women of the congregation to provide the 
noon meal for the work campers. Rice and beans, roast 
chicken or pork, mashed potatoes or salads, fried bananas 
and fresh pineapple, guava or rice pudding made the group 
think each day of the Hispanic tradition of "siesta hour," 
out the Brethren work ethic prevailed. What a gift to see the 
kvhole experience emerge as each shared according to their 
ability. "We thank you. Lord." 

God's gift o{ beauty was everywhere apparent, in 
places and in people. Puerto Rico is La Isla del Encanto 
(The Isle of Enchantment) . Walking one of its many 
beaches at sunrise, the sudden splendor of a mountain 
view, the feel of the cool mysterious tropical forest, the 
taste of freshly picked citrus, the nighttime sound of the 
cheerful coquis: these are just a few of the reasons why 
that title is more than just tourist propaganda. In six days 
of sightseeing around the island, the senior adult work 
campers also came under the spell of this tiny (100 miles 
by 37 miles) Caribbean garden spot. 

Like most tourists to Puerto Rico, the group visited the 
fortress at El Morro and the old city of San Juan, and 
enjoyed fresh seafood at fine restaurants on both the 
Atlantic and Caribbean coasts. But most tourists miss a spe- 

cial gift of beauty the group enjoyed: the work of the Holy 
Spirit in the people and congregations of the Church of the 
Brethren in Puerto Rico. La Iglesia de los Hermanos on that 
island has traded stately hymns for praise choruses, 
exchanged organs for rhythm instruments, and makes up in 
enthusiasm for what it may lack in theological training. But 
the Church of the Brethren is alive and well in Puerto Rico 
in the mission and ministries of people such as Juan and 
Isabel Figueroa at the Caimito Christian Community 
Center, Oscar and Millie Villanueva at Getsemani church, 
Fausto and Juanita Carrasco at Rio Prieto church, Irma 
Zayas as district minister for the island churches, the lay 
leadership of the Castaiier church who currently direct wor- 
ship in the absence of a pastor, and lorge and Norma Rivera 
at Yahuecas church. What a beautiful gift to worship with 
these Brethren. "Te alabamos, Seiior." 

The gift of God's care sustained the group in safe travel 
on mountain roads that seem to have been built for jeeps or 
horses. God's care gifted us in our working without injuries 
more serious than "tourista" (traveler's diarrhea), a bee 
sting, sunburn, and multiple insect bites. And the gift of 
God's care surrounded us in the prayer support offered to 
each of the work campers — and their home congregations — 
by the Puerto Rican Brethren. "Te alabamos, Sefior." 

The seniors who accepted the challenge of a work camp 
in Puerto Rico received many gifts for which to thank God. 
Each received gifts of community, sharing, beauty, God's 
care. There were also gifts of discovery. We went to Puerto 
Rico to give, but we received. We went to work, but we had 
fun. We went to bless, but were blessed instead. Some of us 
were startled by difference, but we all discovered unity. At 
times we were frustrated by language, but we learned to com- 
municate. We went to a "faraway place," but found a 
second home. "For all these gifts, we praise you. Lord." 


Mary Sue Rosenberger is a chaplain at The Brethren's Home Retire- 
ment Community in Greenville. Ohio. She is past president of the 
Association of Bretliren Caregivers and. in 1965. served three months as 
a volunteer nurse at Hospital Castat'ter in Puerto Rico. 

April 1998 Messenger 25 


"I am encouraged that there are more sisters 
and brothers who are modeling a7id calling 
us to ma\e central and utmost our passion 
for Jesus Christ and learning to be more 
graciously inclusive as in a family." 

Church of Brothers & Sisters 

How are we held together as the 
Church of the Brethren? And how 
are we to move on together? 

We need more than celebrating 
diversity in a shallow, pluralistic 

I am encouraged that there are more 
sisters and brothers who are modeling 
and calling us to make central and 
utmost our passion for Jesus Christ 

and learning to be more graciously 
inclusive as in a family. May their kind 
and spirit increase abundantly. 

There are some of us who still tend 
to be critical of others who are not 
part of our group, just as some of the 
early disciples who reported to |esus 
that they tried to hinder someone 
who was casting out demons in 
lesus' name because they were not 
part of their group. But |esus 
encouraged them to be more inclu- 

Make plans now to attend the 


at Annual Conference 

Sights^ sounds, 
6" stories from 
southern Sudan 

July 2, 1998, Orlando, Florida 

David R. Radcliff, directorof Brethren Wit- 
ness, delivers a multimedia report from the recent 
delegation visit to Sudan. Learn about the inspiring 
faith of Sudanese Christians and the new Brethren 
efforts to build a Partnership for Peace. 

For dinner tickets, call the Annual Confer- 
ence office at (800) 323-8039 or order from 
advance packet order form. Tickets also available 
in Orlando at Annual Conference ticket sales. 

sive (Mark 9:38-41). 

We need a fire as dynamic as the 
New Testament struggles that came 
to be inclusive of Samaritans and 
Gentiles. Some steps may be as 
simple as a new name, such as 
Church of Brothers and Sisters. This 
connects simply with our history and 
also more accurately communicates 
to our age who we are. Furthermore 
I suggest we leave out "the" in order 
to be intentionally more inclusive. 

Other steps will be more coura- 
geous in affirming vision and mission 
and dealing with exclusiveness in our 
family. A respectful, holy tension will 
probably always be needed and 
healthy in some areas. However we 
need to watch out for political and 
power plays that castigate or seek to 
cut off other groups. The way we can 
walk together is humbly in love and 
being diligent to preserve the unity of 
the Spirit in the bond of peace (Eph- 
esians 4:1-3). 

Roger W. Eberly 
Milford, hid. 

Putting the C back in YMCA 

Like many communities, our town 
recently celebrated YMCA Sunday. 
This is every YMCA's annual oppor- 
tunity to tell the communities they 
serve about the YMCA mission and 
ministry, without any pressure on 
either side to discuss programs or 

In the course of my travels to 
local churches to discuss the 
upcoming celebration, I repeat- 
edly heard about the lack of "C" 
(Christianity) in today's YMCA. 
Fortunately, our local YMCA 
does not lack mission or ministry 
to our community, but we do 
lack sufficient communication to 
educate others as to the services 
YMCAs provide to those in need, 
about our collaborations with 
other local human services agen- 
cies, and cooperative efforts with 
area churches. 

If your Church of the Brethren 
congregation would appreciate an 

26 Messenger April 1998 

opportunity to increase their own 
local outreach ministry, I strongly 
suggest that you contact your local 
YMCA. Also consider calling a 
church member to serve on the 
YMCA board of directors. There are, 
no doubt, YMCAs that were hard- 
pressed to find ways to celebrate the 
"C" in their YMCA. Let me assure 
you, it is an obligation, not an 
option. And perhaps your congrega- 
tion can help find ways to put the 
Christianity back. 

As the Church of the Brethren and 
YMCAs alike experience budget cuts 

ike the rest of business America, we 
bhould all be reminded of, and seek 
out the many opportunities for 

continuing the work of Jesus. . . 
peacefully, simply, together". . .not 

ust within our denomination, but 
Iwithin our world. 

Jackie Kallal 

Penn Run Church of the Brethren 

Penn Run. Pa. 

Messenger or the message? 

We are writing to you from the deacon 
board of the Berkey Church of the 
Brethren at Windber, Pa., to address an 
article about the Womaens Caucus and 
:he Brethren Mennonite Council for Gay 
md Lesbian Concerns that was printed in 
:he August/ September issue [see "Over 
200 'wade on in' to this year's 'Dancing' 
:onference"]. We feel the article should 
not have been included in Messenger. 
[This issue was covered as an overview of 
3ur Annual Conference held in Long 
Beach. This event was not held during 
Conference, nor was it held at the Confer- 
ence site. Thankfully, it was not any part 
af the Annual Conference, and we feel it 
should not have been printed as part of 
:he issue. 

We were deeply concerned as to 
the contents of the article, which 
lighlighted the topic "Gay, Lesbian, 
Bisexual, and Still Christian." As a 
deacon board of the Church of the 
Brethren, we earnestly feel the Bible 
:learly prints the sins of a sexual 
nature, such as homosexual tenden- 
:ies, bisexual, or lesbian sexual 

preferences as a sin. The Bible offers 
many scriptures against such 

We are sad and concerned that our 
Brethren choose to accept this as an 
alternative lifestyle, when the Bible is 
so clear to call a sin a sin. As we dis- 
cussed this topic, we prayed and 
reflected on the sin in our own lives. 
We feel the Lord directs us to lift 
each other up in prayer. 

We will continue to keep the 
Church of the Brethren, as a whole, 
in our prayers. We feel the world is 
pressing Christians to conform and 
accept ideas that we clearly read in 
the Bible to be wrong. We base our 
feelings on the word of God. We 
struggle with the many arrows 
Satan throws at each of us. We are 
confident that prayer is the weapon 
God gave us to fight Satan and his 

We will continue to pray for the 
staff of the Messenger and the 
choices it makes in the Brethren 

Deacon Board 

Berkey Church of the Brethren 

Windber, Pa. 

The anointed 

Today, with great courage, our 
pastor, limmy Ross, stood 
before the congregation and, as 
his morning sermon, recited his 
experience with the anointing, 
cancer, and depression. He 
cleared the air with a masterful 
explanation of the chain of 
events and the role of the 
anointing, prayer, love and com- 
mitment of family, loved ones, 
and the church played in his 

There were those — and, I confess, 
I among them — who questioned his 
faith as the failure of the anointing. 
How could he suffer from depression 
after being anointed? We were think- 
ing he must be feeling guilty for lack 
of faith. 

How welcome was his message as 
he brought a new insight into the 

anointing and its role in the manage- 
ment of serious medical conditions 
such as clinical depression. Surely 
faith in God and the anointing 
should prevent and relieve simple 
depression, as it is the result of 
simple loss of faith in things. Clinical 
depression is another matter alto- 
gether. It is a serious illness that can 
strike anyone without reason and 
requires a complex medical/psycho- 
logical program for recovery. 

Faith in God, and the reinforce- 
ment of one's faith with the 
anointing service, can be a signifi- 
cant factor in speeding the recovery. 
Seeing |immy today and hearing his 
explanation of events, 1 am sure the 
anointing, and his firm faith, played 
a very significant role in his speedy 
recovery. We thank God for such a 
good pastor, and we pray that he 
may have continued good health. 

Franklin K. Cassel 
Brethren Village. Lancaster. Pa. 

(jimmy Ross, pastor of the Lititz Church 
of the Brethren, was moderator-elect of 
.Annual Conference when he was discov- 
ered to have cancer of the prostate. He 
was anointed, had successful surgery, 
but developed severe clinical depression 
that resulted in his having to resign his 


Community Church of the Brethren 
1 1 1 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602)357-9811 

Simday Services 10:15AM 

Glendale Church of the Brethren 
7238 N. 6 1st Avenue 
Glendale, AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10;30AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 

Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602) 955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520) 327-5106 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

April 1998 Messenger 27 

Introducing Maple Terrace. 
Not your typical retirement living. 

Retirement will take on 
a whole new meaning with 
the opening of Maple Terrace 
at Bridgewater Retirement 
Community. Located in the 
breathtaking Shenandoah Valley 
of Virginia, Maple Terrace is 
a unique independent living 

facility with 28 spacious apartments offering the amenities you need. 
Here you'll find a community center featuring a large dining 

room, wellness center with spa, banking services, reading and craft 

rooms, a convenience store, beauty and barber shop, and more. All 

in a safe, secure environment. And there's easy access to walking 

and biking trails, tennis and swimming. 
For more information, including a 

free color brochure, call Karen McNeal 

at 800 419-9129 or 540 828-2550. 

Retiring at Maple Terrace can be 

much more than you might expect. A/f Ap] C TpDl? APIh 

By the way, roller blades 
are optional. 

Bridgewater, Virginia 
Opening Early 1999 

Where are theologians? 

Where are the Brethren theologians? 
As a reader of Messenger, and 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
for many years, I feel compelled to 
ask this question. While there is no 
lack of articles regarding what might 
be called "social gospel," it is diffi- 
cult to recall any articles dealing with 
the continuing development of theol- 
ogy. For this information, one must 
turn to writers representing other 
religious groups. Certainly there 
must be Brethren scholars who are 
studying the continuing analysis of 
the Dead Sea Scrolls, or the efforts 
to rediscover "Q". It would be inter- 
esting to read articles on these, and 
other areas of modern theology, 
written from a Brethren perspective. 
Robert E. Fletcher 
Denton, Md. 


Volunteer opportunities abound 
for the New Windsor Conference 
Center located at the lovely, his- 
toric Brethren Service Center in 
New/ Windsor, Md. The Center is in 
a peaceful, rural, treed setting with 
the theme of "A quiet place to get 
things done," but is also conve- 
nient to Baltimore & Washington, 
D.C., for ease of travel & sightsee- 
ing opportunities. We need 
volunteer hostesses/hosts to help 
coordinate/provide hospitality & 
conference services to a variety of 
guests. Maturity & detail orienta- 
tion needed along with outgoing 
personality & genuine interest in 
providing excellent customer ser- 
vice. Furnished apartment & meals 
provided during period of service. 
For more info., call or write Hospi- 
tality Coordinator, Box 188, New 
Windsor, MD 21776-0188. (800) 
766-1 553 (toll-free). 

Please note: this ad originated by. and 
partially funded, through the generous caring 
of a current volunteer hostess and host. 

28 Messenger April 1998 

ludas, we, and they 

I am writing to you concerning the 
article "The church is we rather than 
they" in the [anuary/February Mes- 
senger. This article has to do with 
the editor's interview with Modera- 
tor Elaine Sollenberger. 

I was taken aback when I read in 
your discussion with Elaine about 
who gets the call. She believes, at 
least that is what is insinuated, that 
ifesus made a mistake when he called 
judas (or was that the editor's com- 
ment?). I quote: "She agrees that 
mistakes could be made. Jesus called 
[udas after all." End of quote. 

That suggests to me that our God 
is not omniscient and that He is not 
sovereign. John 6:70: "Have not I 
chosen you twelve, and one of you is 
a devil." Acts 1:25: "From which 
udas, by transgression fell, that he 
might go to his own place." 
Could this be the reason why you 
ontinue to hear of the "we" and the 
they" in our denomination? 

Merv Keller, pastor 
Lewiston, Maine 

(Assisting the lame 

Do we assist those who are lame? 
\lmost three years ago, I was diag- 
nosed with Lou Gehrig's disease. 
Since that time I have deteriorated 
to a point where it is quite difficult 
or me to walk or use my hands. I 
must now use two sturdy crutches to 

From the 
Office of Human Resources 

Kulp Bible College, Nigeria 

Teacher, Begin mid- 1998 

Are you sensing God's call to 
ministry in Africa? 

A seminary-trained instructor is 
needed for this important church 
leadership development institution 
in Nigeria. 

For more information call 

Mervin Keeney, 

Africa/Middle East Representative 


get around. Yet during this ordeal, 
my eyes have been opened to a new 
window on the world. People do 
generously reach out and assist the 
lame. We have, indeed, listened to 
His words. 

During this episode of my life, I 
have been enriched by the kindness of 
those who saw that I had difficulty in 
carrying out life's daily activities. I 
got in line at a crowded fast-food 
restaurant. Before I turned to pick up 
my tray, two men whom I had never 
met before rushed over, almost com- 

peting as to which one would help me 
carry my tray. I have experienced 
many other examples of kindness. 

I believe that lesus' lesson on serv- 
ing the lame has taken hold. In Luke 
14: 1 2-14 [esus said "...when you 
give a banquet, invite the poor, the 
crippled, the lame, the blind, and you 
will be blessed." lesus is saying that 
we will be blessed when we assist 
those who are lame. 

C. George Tidli Jr. 

West Richmond Church of the Brethren 

Richmond, Va. 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting "Pontius' Puddle" from MESSENGER to 
Joel Kauffinann, 111 Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one 
time use. $10 for secojtd strip in same issue. $ 1 for congregations. 

TK6,r, AS A concept; j 




yoo'LL P110TJA6L.V 



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we,st end of Quinter-Miller Auditorium at Camp Mack. 
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April 1998 Messenger 29 


Note: Congregations are asked 
to submit only the names of 
actual new members of the 
denomination. Do not include 
names of people who have 
merely transferred their mem- 
bership from another Church of 
the Brethren congregation. 

Akron, Ind.; Brad Shearer 

Antioch, Rocky Mount, Va.: 
Ginny Brink, Mary White, 
Daniel White, |im White, 
Libby Garst, Wesley Garst, 
David Vaden, Randy 
Lowman. April Lowman 

Bassett, Va.: iohn Cassell, 
lessica Helbert 

Brook Park Community, 
Brook Park, Ohio: Lori 
Shook, Mike and Terry 
Shook. Kay Frederick 

Champaign, III.: Shannon 
Davison, Barbara Agar 

Charlottesville, Va.: Ray 

Christ the Servant, Cape 
Coral, Fla.: Mark and lane 
Chidely. Scott Mason. 
Charlie and Dorie Bechtel, 
Eric and [ulie Bechtel 

Dayton, Va.: Louis Haynes, 
Ellis and Helen Harsh, 
Blaine and Stacie Simmers, 
Elaine Stroop, Chris and 
Karen Botkin, Sally fane 
Conner, Pete and Carol 

Detroit First. Harper Woods, 
Mich.: Phillip Ladouceur, 
Karen Ladouceur 

Drexel Hill, Pa.: DiAngelo 
Louis, lennifer Miller, 
Frank and Charlene Ryan 

Dupont, Ohio: Mandy Bush, 
Shane Rhees, Eric Deken, 
limmy Wright, Anna Porter, 
lenna Schulte, Andrea 
Elkins, Kendra 
Simindinger, )enn Barth 

Elizabethtown, Pa.: Patrick 
Dennehy, Terri Dennehy, 
Ralph Detrick, |oyce Stoltz- 
fus, Sara Beth Detrick 
Stoltzfus, David Eller, Bar- 
bara Filer. Timothy Eller. 
Robert E. "Gene" Ellis, Bar- 
bara Ellis, Carol Tobias. 
Scott Trayer, Richelle 
Trayer, Paul Williams, 
Marie Williams 

Ephrata. Pa.: Willie Camacho, 
Lorie Gibble, Wilbur and 
Florence Harley, )oel Horn- 
ing, Lori Trievel, Anna Rose 

Everett, Pa.: Todd Wallace, 
Nancy Corbin 

Eversole, New Lebanon, Ohio: 
Carol Reigel, Ron Moore. 
Robyn Moore, Matt 
Muncie, Matt Purcell 

Germantown Brick, Rocky 
Mount. Va.: lack and Arlene 
Brammer. Ron Cawley, Bill 
and Angela Corn 

Glendale, Ariz.: Dawn Hunn, 
Bob and |ulie Merrifield- 

Green Tree, Oaks, Pa.: Carol- 
loyce Anton, Ed Brown, 
Donna Brown, [ason 
Brown, leff Brown, Caitlin 
Clark, David Guzik, Bryan 
O'Neill. Brad Keller 

Greenmount, Harrisonburg, 
Va.: Kathleen Davis. Denver 
Loan. Crystal Ott. Carrie 
Strawderman. Leslie Sum- 
mers, Michele Shifflett, 
Douglas Myers Wenger. 
Cassia Campos Wenger. 
Ana Camila Campos 
Wenger, Jennifer Arm- 
strong, Matthew Armstrong. 
Berlin Bible, Bonnie May, 
Helen Minnick. David and 
Lorna Nesselrodt, Kevin 
and Norma Nesselrodt. 
Mark and Kristen Reese, 
Dale and Ruth Ann Sim- 

Hanover, Pa.: Clyde Weaver 

Hollins Road. Roanoke, Va.: 
Stuart and Martha Kelly. 
Louise Harmon. Wayne and 
Meriene Merricks. Russell 
and Rachel Parrish. 
Lawrence Mundy. Gerald 
and Bonnie Philpott, 
Sandra Thompson 

Laurel Glen, Cranesville. W. 
Va.:Eric Bishop. Gerry and 
Katy Bowser. Mary Ann 
Bolyard. Carrie Luckel, Ted 

Logansport, Ind.: loshua 

Long Green Valley. Glen Arm. 
Md.:Doreen Schafer, Kris- 
ten Bachelor. Liz Evans, 
Betty Rupp. Karl Huber. 
Sherry McGraw 

Maple Grove, New Paris. Ind.: 
Darin Bernsert, Cody 
Lantz, Tara Snider 

Marsh Creek, Gettysburg, Pa.: 
Joseph Pecaitis, Michelle 

Mechanic Grove, Quarryviile, 
Pa.: April Axe 

Memorial, Martinsburg, Pa.: 
lason Peterman. Pauline 

Middle Creek, Lititz. Pa.: 
Matthew Burkhart 

Modesto, CaliL: Mike Monson 

Mohican, W. Salem. Ohio: 
Greg and [ulie Strickler 

Monitor, McPherson. Kan.: 
Michael Plenert. Delberta 
Plenert. Amanda Plenert. 
Alisha Plenert, |ulia Hoff- 
man, Bradley Yoder 

Myerstown, Pa.: Earl and 
Shirley Brandt, Suzanne 
Kiguru, Nancy Yonker, 
William and lanet Post, 
Mark Bomberger, Scott 
Bomberger. Michelle 
Dohner. Braden Brubaker 

New Covenant, Gotha. Fla.: 
William Schultz. Kelly 
Madden Crouse. Peter 

Nokesvllle, Va.: Virginia 
Antos. Frank and Shirley 
Golladay. Ralph and Mary 
Weimer. Nancy Hedges 

Northern Colorado, Windsor. 
Colo.: lohn and Marilyn 
Orth. Margo Orth 

Panora, Iowa: Gloria Searcy. 
Hillory Wofford. Matthew 
and Shelby Sutherland. 
Ashley Wilson. Michelle. 
Tonya, and Vickie Krausc. 
Kelly Hodges, Bill Stephen, 
Connie Daggett. Lorie 
Sheets. Tina Dawson. Brian 
Swails, Tracy Gilliam, 
George Vannatta, Henry 
Alborn, Mark Behr, Chris 
Krueger. Chuck Albrecht. 
Danny and Tresa Moon. 
Pete and Patsy Flagstead, 
Gene and Marilyn Burns. 
Tim, Denise, Marc, and Joe 
Tyler, Pat and Norma 
McGriff. Helen McCord. 
Nikki and Becky Clark, 
Nathon Keith, Darrell and 
Helen Williams. Kathy 
Symonaitis. Chris Long, 
Jodi Sutton. Alma Krueger. 
Mary Nelson. |an Erickson. 
Dan and Kathy York. Mar- 
garet Hennen. Kent and 
Shelley Downing, Leonard 

Pittsburgh, Pa.: Brent Murray, 
Eddie Cookson, Corrine 

Poplar Ridge, Defiance, Ohio: 
Paul and Carol Brown. 
Desirae and Amber Arm- 
strong. Dawn Laws 

Prince of Peace, Kettering, 
Ohio: [essica and Joshua 
Flory-Steury. Amber 
DeCarlo. Brian Jenkins. 
Heather Loveless. Eric and 
Tom Stephenson. Arthur 
Barber, Nicole Wincher, 
Jesse McKinney 

Roann. Ind.: Mildred 

Baldridge. Brady Brower. 
Christy Brower. Delinda 
Brower. Ted Brower. Angel 
Clingaman. Steve Clinga- 

man, Henry Cervantes. 
Janell Dockter. Nathan 
Docter. Abbie Guthrie. Ste- 
fanie Hostetler. Addison 
lO-om. Norma Krom. Lisa 
Lengel. Steve Lengel. Alta 
Long, Karel Long, Pam 
Long, Russell Long. Terry 
Long. Marie Showalter. 
Marti Striker. Leroy 
Striker. Katie Lengel. 
Joshua Lengel. Maggie 
Lengel. Andy Brower, Gina 
Cervantes, Caley Cook, 
Mychal Cook, David 
Diener, Mark Hicks, Nicole 
Hicks, Wilma Hicks, Deric 
Musselman. Jeremy Pugh. 
Jon Wick. Aaron Bolinger. 
Alaina Clingaman. Helena 
Holts. Joshua Sinclair. Kat- 
lynn Youngblood. Zachary 
Youngblood. Ashley Zeller 

Roanoke, La.: Charlie McGee 

Roaring Spring, Pa.: Tom and 
Tammy Davis. Noel and 
Gloria Miller. Virginia 
Miller. Ken and Ian Claar 

Sugar Valley, Loganton. Pa.: 
Kim and Holly Barner, 
Scott and Bonnie Owens, 
Jim and Belva Bower 

Union Center, Nappanee. 
Ind.: Londa Bontrager, 
Greg and Lara Lawrence. 
Phil Wiens. Pauline Yoder 

Westminster, Md.: Scott 

Hodgdon, Kent and Dorien 
Mathias, Randy Ripley, Jack 
and Beth Tevis 

White Oak, Penryn, Pa.: David 
Zimmerman, Cole Zimmer- 
man, Leah Althouse 

York First, York, Pa.: Larry 
and Jeanine Logue, Scott 
and Misty Kready, John and 
Mary Esther Anderson. Jeff 

228th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Orientation was conducted at 

Camp Ithiel, Gotha. Fla.. 

Jan. 18-Feb. 6, 1998.) 

Kroger, Florian. Eicklingen. 
Germany; to Community 
Family Life Services, Wash- 
ington. D. C. 

Lehmphul, Matthias. 
Potsdam, Germany: to 
National Campaign to 
Abolish the Death Penalty. 
Washington. D. C. 

Martin, Jonathan, Harrison- 
burg, Va.; to Peace Brigades 
International, Hamburg, 

Nicolaidis, Costa. Seattle. 
Wash.; to Church of the 
Brethren Washington 

Office. Washington. D. C. 

Roth, M. C. Ann Arbor. Mich.; 
to Mladi Most, Mostar. 
Bosnia- Herzegovina 

Tillmann, Andreas. Hattert. 
Germany; to Washington 
City Church of the Brethren 
Soup Kitchen. Washington. 
D. C. 

Zook, Nancy. Tekonsha, 
Mich.; to (short term) Su 
Casa Catholic Worker. 
Chicago. 111., and (after 
April) Christian Campaign 
for Nuclear Disarmament. 
London, England. 


Abbott, Anna. 90, Lewiston, 
Minn., April 21, 1997 

Bahn, Lee A., 49, Windsor, 
Pa., Jan. 7 

Bechdolt, Paul, 77, Camden, 
Ind., Nov. 21 

Beck, Alverta. 87. Lancaster, 
Pa.. Aug. 27 

Benson, Robert lay. 58, La 
Verne. CaliL. Dec. 28 

Bishop, Charles |.. 91, Defi- 
ance. Ohio. Sept. 7 

Black, Tracy M.. 82. Har- 
risonburg. Va.. Dec. 6 

Blosser, Janice M.. 50, South 
English, Iowa, Jan. 23 

Boitnott, Nell K., 96. Bridge- 
water, Va., Nov. 1 8 

Bolt, Helen F, 76, Roanoke, 
Va., Nov. 12, 1996 

Bond, Mary. 85, Hagerstown. 
Md.. Sept. 18 

Bowman, Grace Virginia. 75. 
Edinburg. Va.. Nov. 5 

Bowman, Ernie Holt. 51. Call- 
away. Va., Feb. 4 

Boyd, Ellen. 77. Cambridge 
City. Ind., Aug. 18, 1995 

Breneman, Howard, 97, Clay- 
ton. Ind.. Dec. 27 

Brown, Elizabeth S., 86. 

Chambersburg. Pa.. Dec. 24 

Brubaker. Bessie Jane Fill- 
more. 95. Yuba City. Calif., 
Dec. 20 

Brubaker, Frederick. 82. 
Neffsville. Pa... Dec. 20 

Bushong, Grace Smucker, 97, 
Timberville, Va., Nov. 26 

Butler, Emma Durstine, 82, 
Champion, Pa.. Dec. 11 

Byers, Abigail J., 87, Daleville, 
Ind.. Feb. 19 

Caldwell, Beauford, 68, 
Vinton. Va.. May 1 

Callahan, Russell. Wyomiss- 
ing. Pa., Dec. 22 

Carpenter, Oscar. 80, Dayton, 
Va., Nov. 7 

Champaygne, Edmund, 85, 
New Oxford, Pa., Oct. 4 

Chronister, Velma E., 82, 

30 Messenger April 1998 

York. Pa., Jan. 1 1 
lark, Luella, 85, Middletown, 

Va., Dec. 10 
lark, Kenneth, 75. N. Lib- 
erty, Ind.. June 10 
line, Mary Belle, 64, Fish- 

ersville, Va., Dec. 17 
osner, lessie K., 98, Lan- 
caster, Pa., June 27 

[^ox, Don, 82, Warsaw. Ind,. 

Dec. 24 
;Craft, Levi K., 87, Roanoke, 
Va., Nov. 7 

Crater, Louise ]., 59, IVliddle- 
town. Pa.. Dec. 30 

iJraven, Mary, 86, Prince of 
Peace CoB, Kettering, Ohio, 
June 13 

Drilly, Roy, 69, Hagerstown, 
Md., August 8 

i;rowther, James. 86. Lan- 
caster, Pa., Sept. 23 
Puster, Lucille, 85, Warsaw, 
Ind., Jan. 28 

Paniel, Frances E., 81, Cham- 
pion, Pa.. Jan. 18 

banner, Lucille Marianna. 59, 
Astoria, 111., Dec. 29 

Bellinger, Betty Jean, 77, 
Hagerstown. Md.. June 2 

Jiffenbach, Roy. 77. Lititz, 
Pa.. Dec. 1 1 

Jinsmore, David. 81, Tipp 
City, Ohio, Jan. 4 

}ixon, John Henry, 71, 
Brightwood, Va.. Dec. 28 

OuVal, Robert, 68, Spring- 
field, Ohio. Dec. 18 

likenberry, Lewisburg, Ohio. 
Feb. 4 

;isenhart, William P, 67, 
York, Pa., Dec. 28 

lisenhart, William P., 67. 
York, Pa.. Dec. 28 

irwin, Isabel, 80, Modesto. 

Calif., Jan. 22 
vans, Lela. 88, North Man- 
chester, Ind., Nov. 5 

'elton, Elsie Florence, 88, 
Rowlesburg. W Va.. Dec. 30 

'ike, Robert E., 67, Camp 
Hill, Pa., Jan. 9 

'isher, Audrey, 53, Rocky 
Mount. Va., Nov. 16 

=lora, Wilford C. 83, Boones 
Mill, Va.. Ian. 25 

■lory, H. Lee, 68, Nokesville, 

Va., Nov. 4 
lory, Walter Lee, 89, Manas- 
sas, Va.. March 7, 1997 

'oik, Wilfred, 77, Claypool. 
Ind., Nov. 18 

'orney, Paul, 82, Palmyra, Pa.. 
Jan. 13 

'orsyth, Lear A.. 82, 
Staunton. Va., Nov. 5 

-ry, Paul, 77, Phoenixville, Pa., 
Nov. 10 

'uhrman, Mabel E.. 70. Glen 
Rock, Pa., Jan. 3 

■ulcher, Minnie Stone, 83, 

Bassett, Va., April 13 

Fulk, Fred. 85, Myerstown. 
Pa.. Dec. 16 

Gaerte, Julia, 86, Avilla. Ind.. 
Sept. 9, 1996 

Geesemore, Rut. 55, Freder- 
icksburg. Pa., March 9, 

Gehr, Charles, 75. Hager- 
stown. Md., Feb. 19, 1997 

Gehr, Barry. 28. Ephrata. Pa., 
luly 15 

Glosser, Rhoda, 87, Hagers- 
town, Md.. Dec. 19 

Gochnauer, Mabel, 75, Man- 
heim. Pa., Jan. 14 

Good, John B. F. Sr., 88. 
Grottoes, Va., Oct. 28 

Gouker, Elizabeth, 89, 

McSherrystown, Pa.. Nov. 22 

Grabner, Harold, 76. Colum- 
bia City, Ind., June 10 

Graffis, Homer, 87, N. Man- 
chester. Ind.. Dec. 10 

Grandstaff, Ethel Rebecca, 81. 
Woodstock. Va.. Dec. 14 

Greim, Mary Roop, 86, Lee's 
Summit. Mo., Dec. 23 

Greiman, Lillian R ,May. 87, 
New Oxford, Pa., Dec. 18 

Grim, Naomi A. Smeltzer, 80. 
Red Lion, Pa.. Dec. 18 

Grimes, Eden Hallie, 69, 
Bealeton, Va., Dec. 31 

Grimm, Grace, 92, Boones- 
boro. Md., April 28, 1997 

Grogg, Lucille M. , 60, 
Hinton. Va.. Nov. 5 

Guilliams, Minnie, 86, Call- 
away, Va., Nov. 3 

Halt, Gary, 44, Manchester. 
Mo.. Sept. 8 

Harper, Hazel. 76, Seneca 
Rocks. WVa.. Nov. 26 

Harris, John W., 83, Roanoke. 
Va., Dec. 20 

Hartman, Robert N., 65, Red 
Lion. Pa.. Jan. 9 

Hartman, Kenneth, 84, 
Wooster, Ohio, Jan. 27 

Heatwole, Herman Wilbur, 
83. Hinton, Va.. Nov. 7 

Heavner, Helen L., 56, 

Moorefield, W. Va.. Nov. 23 

Heinzman, Meredith, 78, Arca- 
dia. Ind.. Sept. 25 

Helmick, Erma Lee, 65, 
Baker, W. Va., Oct. 27 

Hershey, Nelson. 75, Man- 
helm. Pa.. Dec. 31 

Hess, Harold. 87, Fori Wayne, 
Ind.. Dec. 26 

Hickernell, Emma. 66, 
Ephrata, Pa.. July 26 

Holderread, Othel O.. 80. 
Walkerton. Ind., Dec. 22 

Holloway, Fern, 88, Pitts- 
burgh. Pa.. Feb. 2 

Honeyman, Noel, Laura. 
Ohio, Feb. 1 

Hoover, Benjamin Ernest, 71. 

Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 3 
Hummer, John, 94, Lancaster, 

Pa., Oct. 16 
Hunt, Levauda, 94. Lima, 

Ohio, Jan. 17 
Hunt, Levauda, 94, Chippewa 

Lake, Ohio, Jan. 23 
lagger, Harry, 94, Columbia 

City, Ind., Nov. 2, 1995 
(ones. Vena Alice, 91, Hilltop. 

W. Va.. Feb. 5 
Lantz, Ona Murl, 81, Broad- 
way, Va.. Nov. 2 
Lantz, Lois Katherine 

Lineweaver. 59, Broadway, 

Va.. Ian. 12 
Laughman, Peggy A. Riley 

Bechtel, 47, Hanover, Pa. 
Leatherman, Lee, 53, Cham- 

bersburg. Pa., Jan. 28 
Leonard, Willard B., 59, Cam- 
bridge City. Ind., Dec. 14, 

Lewis, Dorothy. 77. Lewiston. 

Minn.. Jan. 1 1 
Likens, Milla A.. 95, Mt. 

Storm. W.Va., Nov. 14 
Lineweaver, Violet. 78. 

Bridgewater. Va.. Dec. 16 
Link, Samuel D., 89, Baker, 

W.Va.. Nov. 13 
Loan, Mary Margaret. 55. 

Harrisonburg. Va.. Nov. 12 
Longenecker, Grace, 81. Lan- 
caster. Pa.. Sept. 22 
Looney, Clenna, 79. McPher- 

son. Kan., Nov. 18 
Lum, Alice, 88. Williamsport. 

Md.. Feb. 10, 1997 
Lynn, George, 79, Hagers- 
town, Md.. March 21. 1997 
Mahoney, Daniel, 86, La 

Verne. Calif.. Jan. 8 
Marks, Elva, 92. Manheim, 

Pa.. Nov. 28 
McCauley, Catherine, 86. 

Williamsport, Md.. 

Feb. 20, 1997 
MeCausIin, Martha E.. 81. 

Dillsburg, Pa.. Dec. 26 
McGunigill, Mina. 76, 

Warsaw, Ind.. Nov. 14 
McKimmy, Howard, 67. 

Beaverton. Mich., Feb. 7 
Merrifield, Daniel, 91. Cham- 
paign. 111.. Ian. 19 
Merriman, Sam. 87. Bassett. 

Va., Feb. 1 1 
Metzger, Ethel I.. 73. Mechan- 

icsburg. Pa., Jan. 26 
Miller, Hazel Bolt. 84. 

Roanoke, Va., July 13, 1997 
Miller, Roger, Laura, Ohio, 

Feb. 2 
Miller, Dewitt, 88, Williamsport, 

Md.. May 21, 1997 
Miller. Roy A.. 79. East Berlin. 

Pa.. Dec. 29 
Miller, Marion "Mike", 56, 

Nokesville, Va., Feb. 26, 


Miller, Dorothy, 57, Grottoes, 
Va., Nov. 25 

Mitchell, Harold, 47, Bridge- 
water, Va., Sept. 21 

Mitchell, Myrtle Belle, 79, N. 
Manchester, Ind.. Oct. 24 

Moncrief, Carrie. 71. Prince 
of Peace CoB, Kettering, 
Ohio, Oct. 21 

Morris, Goldie Miller. 79. 
Harrisonburg. Va.. Oct. 24 

Mowere, Adele. 87. Honey 
Brook. Pa.. July 12 

Mundy, Eva Wampler, 81, 
Bridgewater, Va.. Dec. 9 

Myers, Estella E., 84. Gettys- 
burg. Pa., Jan. 3 

Nedrow, George. 81, Donegal, 
Pa., Sept. 30 

Neikirk, Mary, 96, Hockessin. 
Del.. Feb. 6, 1997 

Nolen, Gladys, 87. Bassett. 
Va., Dec. 22 

Oyler, Ursel. 84. Flora. Ind., 
Nov. 20 

Patterson, John, 81. Martins- 
burg. Pa.. Dec. 22 

Pendleton, Nellie Boyd, 87. 
Bassett. Va.. Dec. 27 

Petry, Velma. 83. New 
Lebanon, Ohio, Feb. 7 

Phillips, Gladys lane. 80, 
Harrisonburg. Va.. Dec. 6 

Piatt, Marie, 77, Berlin, Pa.. 
Oct. 20 

Prillaman, Vivian, 82, Stan- 
dardsville. Va.. Dec. 8 

Privette, James Monroe, 69, 
Bassett, Va.. Jan. 1 

Ravegum, Roberta, 52, 
Ephrata. Pa.. Dec. 4 

Reeder, Donald. 64. Boones- 
boro. Md.. May 1 

Reichert, Lucille. 80. Tipp 
City. Ohio. Jan. 23 

Remsburg, Percy, 96, Akron. 
Ohio. Jan. 16 

Rhodamer, Frances, 64, Som- 
erset. Pa., Jan. 30 

Riggleman, Leonard E.. 59. 
Harrisonburg, Va., July 26 

Ross, Pearl, 97. Butler, Ohio. 
Ian. 9 

Russell, Donald, 73. Hagers- 
town. Md.. luly 1 

Sanders, Richard, 67. St. 
Charles. Minn., Sept. 1 

Savvyer, Florence. 83, King- 
man, Kan.. Jan. 22 

Schnee, Edgar, 73, Spring- 
field. Ore.. May 11, 1996 

Seitsinger, Earl R.. 83. South 
English. Iowa. Oct. 10 

Shafer, Hannah O., 86, Get- 
tysburg, Pa.. Jan. 19 

Sheets, George, 100, Nappa- 
nee. Ind.. Dec. 16 

Shugar, Mabel. 83. Marquette. 
Kan.. Ian. 16 

Shull, Grace. 77. Bridgewater. 
Va., Dec. 22 

Silvis, Gladys, 71, Mt. Pleas- 
ant. Pa., July 25 

Sines, David E., 81, Colonial 
Beach. Va., Dec. 18 

Singley, Electa F.. 98. Gettys- 
burg. Pa., Ian. 24 

Sisson, Frances. 77, Melcroft, 
Pa.. June 17 

Smith, Sterling, 75. Schaeffers- 
town. Pa.. May 31 

Smith, Edna, 98. Frederick, 
Pa., luly 2 

Snider, Treva, 92. Wakarusa. 
Ind., Sept. 28 

Stamback, Ada P. 87. 
Roanoke. Va.. |an. 15 

Stambaugh, Leona. 78. 
Hanover. Pa., Sept. 1 1 

Stillman, Albert, |r.. 55. 
Phoenixville. Pa.. luly 9 

Stone, Laura E., 88, Stanley- 
town, Va., Nov. 29 

Strickler, Grace E.. 78. Eliza- 
bethtown. Pa., Dec. 31 

Sludebaker, Frances, 74, 
Springfield, Ohio, Nov. 6 

Sweigart, Robert A.. 87. York, 
Pa., Dec. 20 

Swiridow, Dorothy, 64. Mid- 
dletown. Va., Nov. 4 

Tannreuther, Orville, 99, 
Waterloo. Iowa. Dec. 1 7 

Thompson, Edith, 86. 
Greenville. Ohio. Ian. 21 

Utterback, Richard E. Ir.. 39, 
Midland. Va., Ian. 23 

Walter, Dorothy M., 95, Man- 
chester, N. H., Dec. 27 

Walters, Lillian, 85, Mechan- 
icsburg. Pa., Feb. 14 

Walters, Leo, 87, Liberty 
Mills. Ind.. Nov. 12 

Wastler, Carrie E.. 88. Thur- 
niont. Md.. Dec. 9 

Weddle, Bertha. 91. Girard. 
111.. Dec. 20 

Whipple, Lee. 83. Yoncalla. 
Ore.. Oct. 7 

White, Lucy. 77, Prince of 
Peace CoB. Kettering. Ohio, 
Feb. 28 

White, Gilbert, 95. Melcroft, 
Pa.. Oct. 16 

Williams, Sandra. 55. Defi- 
ance. Ohio, April 14, 1997 

Winchester, lesse, 70, New 
Castle. Ind., August 24, 1995 

Wolf, Charles E.. Sr., 80. York 
County, Pa., Ian. 30 

Wood, Mattie. 86, Fredericks- 
burg, Va.. Oct. 27 

Wright, Nettie. 100. Utica. 
Minn., Dec. I 1 

Ziegler, Reba. 50. Manheim. 
Pa., Dec. 30 

Zimmerman, Samuel Warren, 
Dixon, 111., Ian. 14 

Zittle, Betty. 59, Hagerstown, 
Md., Oct. 26 

Zumbrun, Ray. 40. Columbia 
City. Ind.. Aug. 12 

April 1998 Messenger 31 

When Jesus comes to the New Sudan 

• • • • 

As night settled on our compound in Narus, Sudan, I got 

/% deep into a spiritual funk over what God was doing here 
JL ^ and what role God had for me in it. It had been a long day 
of listening to Sudanese women and men describe the hardships 
of war, the sorrow of being displaced from their homes, the con- 
flicts that arise from the lack of necessities like firewood. 1 cannot 
comprehend that a million people have died 
here from fighting and famine during 1 5 years 
of war. The people in southern Sudan have 
great faith in Jesus, who they trust will deliver 
them and bring peace to their villages. As they 
try to feed their children and reunite their scat- 
tered families, hope stays alive. I am inspired huck SCUt, I dcCldcd 
by their faith but daunted by their suffering. ^ , 

What am I to do about it? Why am I here? tO Ict J CSUS UYl /2 P" 
Surely there is a deep spiritual message in the 
pain and evil surrounding us. As our travel 
group sat in the gathering darkness that evening 
in late January, a noisy gasoline-powered gen- 
erator made conversation difficult while it 
powered electric lights enjoyed only by insects. 
I wanted to talk over God's larger message. But 
my colleagues wanted to talk about the lists that 
they had made. Lists! Lists of projects for 
churches to do. Lists of ways we could help. 
Isn't this just like North Americans, I thought, • • • 

to come up with ways to fix things before we 
even fully understand the problems? Aren't we just trying to 
hand out Band-aids to make ourselves feel better? Projects 
seem so trivial in the midst of war. Wait a minute before we 
go fixing, I pleaded. "Shouldn't we pray about this first?" 
My friends said they knew where 1 was coming from, that I 
was saying the heart has to be right before the head takes 
over, and that they were taking our hearts for granted, and, 

oh yes, about these projects I concluded they were on a 

head trip, I was on a heart trip, and both sides of this discus- 
sion were on an ego trip. The more I talked, the more 
offensive I became, and nothing was resolved. I went to bed. 

From my cot in that tent God soon came and took me in a 
dream to the New Sudan. New Sudan is what the people call the 
land of their postwar hopes. It is what youngsters go to school 
for now, to train for their role in the New Sudan. Each act of 
peace and reconciliation in the refugee camps now is under- 
stood as helping to build the New Sudan. I was getting a 
preview tour. As though flying in a silent helicopter, I saw happy 
families working in fields under glorious sunshine. People were 
in their own homes. The men had come back. The fields were 
no longer barren with scrub trees, as we had been used to 

Bumping and 
rolling in that 

peace to Sudani. 

He would stop 

the dying and 

return people 

to their hofnes. 

seeing, but growing what looked to me like Illinois soybeans. 

I awoke refreshed and apologetic for my contrariness of last 
night. Lists no longer seemed wrong or trivial. That day we lis- 
tened to more church committees describe their activities and 
their needs. One young chaplain, sensing that his American visi- 
tors might become overwhelmed by the size of the peacemaking 
task, retold the old story of the thousands of 
fish that had washed up on on a riverbank. A 
man went by throwing one by one back into 
the water before it died. He was confronted 
with the fact there were so many floundering 
fish; how could his meager efforts possibly 
make a difference? "Each time I throw one 
back it makes a difference to that fish," he said. 
Later on that day somebody quoted Mother 
Teresa; "We cannot do great things for God. 
We can do only small things with great love." 
Projects for peace began to sound better to me. 
"Soon and very soon, I'm going to see the 
king...." Each time we packed ourselves into 
the Land Rover to travel over treacherous 
roads to the next Sudanese village, our skill- 
ful but crazy driver Augustine would plug in 
this tape. "No more dying here, I'm going to 
see the king. . . ." Bumping and rolling in that 
9 % m back seat, I decided to let [esus bring peace 

to Sudan. He would stop the dying and 
return people to their homes. I'd let the Lord plant the soy- 
beans, if that's what they were. My part would be to embrace 
lists and projects and throw fish back one by one. The important 
thing for our church is not to succeed here, but to be here. 
Whatever we do for peace in Sudan, if it's done with great love, 
won't be wrong. The risk is that we will stay home and argue 
about mission philosophy. The important thing is to be here 
with these people when peace comes. When Jesus comes. 

Peace may be near. There are formal talks scheduled for 
this spring between the government of Sudan and the main 
rebel group. We were told there are many behind-the-scenes 
peace initiatives being undertaken now. Soon after we got 
back home a New York Times article described hopeful moves 
in Khartoum that could relax Islamic rule and allow greater 
political freedom for Sudan. 

Our group wasn't much for singing, but once on a trip in 
the Land Rover we got Augustine to eject his tape and we 
tried: "Freedom! Freedom is coming! Freedom is coming, oh 
yes, I know." We weren't very good but we were sincere. 


Over the ruts we let it rip: 
coming, oh yes, I know."— 

'Jesus! Jesus is coming! Jesus is 
-Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger April 1998 



to the 


Association of Brethren Caregivers 

1451 Dundee Ave, Elgin, IL 60120 

(847) 742-5100, fax (847) 742-5160, e-mail 

Brethren Chaplains Network pro- 
vides networking opportunities for chaplains 
and others in special ministries within the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Church and Persons with 
Disabilities Network facilitates barrier- 
free participation of individuals with disabilities 
in the life and programs of local congregations 
and other church agencies. 

Denominational Deacon Ministry 

develops and promotes resources to equip dea- 
cons to carry out their ministries in congrega- 
tion. A new resource for deacons, Deacon 
Manual for Caring Ministries, will be available 
in late spring. 

Fellowship of Brethren Homes iden- 
tifies, promotes and supports the work of 
Brethren retirement communities as an important 
mission and ministry of the denomination. 

Health Education and Research 
Ministry encourages consideration of health 
ministries as an attractive career option and 
increases awareness of available funding support 
for Individuals preparing for health ministries. 

Laf iya: A Whole-Person Health 
Ministry supports wellness and wholeness 
within the local congregations and other church 

Older Adult Ministry develops resources 
and leadership that enables Church 
of the Brethren older adults to enjoy full and 
creative lives. The fourth National Older Adult 
Conference (NOAC 98), a special conference 
for adults 50 or older, will be held August 31 - 
September 5, 1998, at Lake Junaluska, N.C. 

VOICE (Valuing Openness, Inclusiveness and 
Caring for Everyone Ministry) addresses concerns 
within the denomination regarding addictions, 
HIV/AIDS and mental health. 

Watch for more information about a new 
ministry program that focuses 

on family issues. 

For more information about ABC and its many 
ministry groups, please call (800) 323 -8039 
and mention this Messenger ad. 




Food for a family on the run, seeds and tools 
for a community on the edge. Education to 
give a child a brighter future. Nurturing 
peace to give ail these 
a chance to thrive. 
Working together in 
the name and spirit 
of Christ, we sow 
seeds of life and 
hope for neighbors 
around the world, trust- 
ing God for a bountiful harvest. All part of 
the partnership we call the Global Food Cri- 
sis Fund. All part of what it takes to prepare 
the soil for a more promising tomorrow. 

Global Food Crisis Fund 

Followers of the Way 

Photos by leff Leard 

Whatever your wal}{ in life, maybe it's time for you to consider God's call to 

For information on calling or training for ministry, contact your pastor or district executive or iprite or call Ministry 
Office, Church of the Brethren General Board, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60123 (800 323-8039, ext. 208). 

On the cover: 
Cover photo is 
of Grace Zoaka, 
active in the EYN church 
in Jos, Nigeria. The photo- 
graph is by Glenn Mitchell, 
pastor of University Baptist 
and Brethren Church in 
State College, Pa. Mitchell 
spent seven months in 
Nigeria as an exchange 
pastor beginning in 
November 1996. 






From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 



Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 


EYN's Diamond Jubilee 

In 1923 the first Brethren worship service 
in Nigeria was held under a tamarind tree. 
On March 1 7 that same tree saw thou- 
sands of members of the thriving EYN 
church and a large delegation of Brethren 
from the US come back to the spot to cele- 
brate 75 years of partnership. 

Taking the chill off Belfast 

Brethren Volunteer Service workers are 
contributing to the cause of peace in 
Northern Ireland by working in a family 
support center and managing youth activ- 
ity programs, [eff Leard, photographer and 
writer, stopped off to see them on the way 
home from his own BVS assignment, and 
filed this report. 

Beans and rice and Jesus Christ 

)oel Ulrich was in culture shock when he 
began his Ministry Summer Service 
assignment in East Los Angeles last year. 
From pastor Gilbert Romero, the Bella 
Vista Church of the Brethren, and recover- 
ing drug addicts, he gained new 
appreciation for the life-changing power of 
the gospel. 

Holy Impatience 

A review of William Sloane Coffin's book/l 
Passion for the Possible gives Brethren a 
preview of what may be in store when the 
activist pastor preaches on Friday night of 
Annual Conference. 

24 More-or-less faith 

"You and I know who doubting Thomas 
is," writes Brethren pastor Kenneth 
Gibble. "Thomas is ourselves." He advises 
readers to consider the important role 
doubt has to play in their spiritual lives. 



May 1998 Messenger 1 


I n a recent speech to Protestant publishers, Auburn Seminary president 

J_ Barbara Wheeler outlined a gloomy context for organized rehgion. While 
she was speaking about "customers in a new century," her analysis is worth con- 
sideration by anyone interested in fostering discipleship within the church. 

She identified five trends facing the church today: 1 ) We have become a 
nation of switchers, and most switchers don't care about denominations. 2) 
Local programs are more trusted than faraway programs. The unofficial orga- 
nization is more trustworthy than the official one. 3) Any organization that 
chooses to respond — for whatever motive — is more trusted than the ones that 
are supposed to respond. 4) There is a trend away from organized religious 
activity. 5) Nevertheless, 90 percent of the population claims a belief in God. 

In this climate, we do not have customers (meaning those who customarily 
trust and buy from their denominations), said Wheeler. They're just passen- 
gers, traveling through. "The time is surely coming, says the Lord God, when 
I will send a famine on the land; not a famine of bread, or a thirst for water, 
but of hearing the words of the Lord. . . . they shall run to and fro, seeking the 
word of the Lord, but they shall not find it" (Amos 8:11-12). 

Fortunately, Wheeler didn't stop with the diagnosis. She offered a prescrip- 
tion: We must expand the definition of what it means to publish. Our 
materials must create new patterns of use, because the old forms of use are 
breaking down: Every- Sunday participation is down. Membership is down. 
Family devotions and home Bible study are going out of style. 

"Gone are the patterns of life that formed customers. If we want people to 
be hungry again, those publications themselves have to teach people how to 
use them," said Wheeler. In an artful juxtaposition with the Amos passage, 
she cited Deuteronomy 30:1 1-14: "The word is very near to you; it is in your 
mouth and in your heart for you to observe." 

While I don't normally like to use "customer" in relation to the church, the 
term works if by it we mean those who trust and value their church commu- 
nity. In a loving endorsement of the institutional church, Wheeler described 
religious traditions "at their best" as "a record of what human beings have 
learned over time as they strive to be faithful to God. What we have learned is 
something of what God is like." 

In other words, there's wisdom in the gathered community that's bigger 
than that relationship each of us has personally with God. That sounds very 

Wheeler reminded her listeners that the Christian publishing movement 
began not to respond to a market, but to create disciples. These early publish- 
ing enterprises found themselves with customers who wanted more. "Making 
customers is our vocation," Wheeler concluded. "It is a very high calling." 

The goal of a denominational publishing house is not to sell; it is to nurture 
discipleship. The goal of a church is not to create the best program to attract 
today's "passenger"; it is to form disciples by seeking the word of God together. 

2 Messenger May 1998 

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Messenger is the official publication of tiie Cliurcli 
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March 1998. Copyright 1998, Church of the Brethren 
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Printed on recycled paper 



Putting cattle in cans 

About 200 volunteers processed 26,974 cans of beef last month in Ephrata, Pa., to help 
combat hunger in Pennsylvania and abroad. The volunteers were from Church of the 
Brethren congregations in Mid-Atlantic and Southern Pennsylvania districts. This was 
the districts' 18th annual meat canning project, and it processed 50,000 pounds of beef, 
said Georgia Markey, associate executive of Southern Pennsylvania District. This year 50 
percent of the beef will be sent abroad to yet-to-be-determined locations while the 
remaining meat will be distributed between the two districts. Keeping half of the meat 
locally "will address some of the concerns we have here in our own area," Markey said. 
— Nevin Dulabaum 

The choir chosen for the 

commercial included three 

Church of the Brethren 


Harmonyville church 
sings praises of yogurt 

If you're watching televi- 
sion sometime this year and 
a Colombo Yogurt commer- 
cial comes in, take a quick 
look — a quick look is all 
you'll get — to see three 
Church of the Brethren 
members singing praises 
for the foodstuff in front of 
Harmonyville Church of the 

Brethren, in southeastern 

How did this country 
church with about 50 
weekly attendees draw the 
attention of a Chicago 
advertising agency that was 
hired to produce the 
Columbo commercial? It 
was all in the name. 

DDNeedham was looking 
for three examples of rural 

America, examples with 
unique names. In addition 
to Harmonyville, it settled 
on Hurricane, Utah, and 
Grapevine, Texas. 

Pastor lohn KoUe received 
a call on Feb. 25 from a rep- 
resentative of Crash Films 
out of California, the com- 
pany hired to produce the 

Those who auditioned had 

Mav 1998 Messenger 3 


Film crews from Crash Films 

of Santa Monica. Calif, set 

up light diffuser panels 

outside the Harmonyville 

(Pa.) Church of the 


(continued from page 3) 

to take a spoonful of imagi- 
nary yogurt and pretend to 
enjoy it. After that, audi- 
tioners were placed into 
groups of four to form 
imaginary choruses that 
sang, "Oh Colombo, Oh 
Colombo." to the tune of 
Handel's Hallelujah Chorus. 

From the 76 who audi- 
tioned, 8 area residents 
were selected, among them 
5 Church of the Brethren 
members — Dorothy Pusey 

They've been making music for generations 

Mildred Swinger, 84, doesn't know how long she's been 
playing the piano at Broadwater Church of the Brethren, 
Essex, Mo., but she started not long after she became a 
member there at age 1 1 . She knows her daughter, Eliza- 
beth Petty, has been playing the organ there for the past 
40 years, and her granddaughter, Marie Petty, has been 
songleader for quite a few years too. The three genera- 
tions handle music responsibilities for the small 
congregation nearly every Sunday. 

and Deana Deichert, who 
attend the Harmonyville 
congregation, and Robert 
Bedi, a member of Coventry 
Church of the Brethren in 

Technicians began arriv- 
ing at the Harmonyville 
church on March 4 at 5:50 
a.m. The singing took place 
just outside the front door. 
An hour lunch break was 
taken, and the filming was 
finished by 5 p.m. The 

Ministry of music 

church received a few 
refinements in the process 
— a quick paint job to its 
front facade; a new cross | 
that was placed above the 
vestibule; a church sign that 
was placed across the road; 
and magnolia blossoms and 
shrubbery to make it look 
more like spring. The blos- 
soms and the shrubs were 
removed once the filming 
had concluded. 
— Nevin Dulabaum 

Marie Dulabaum MuUins has played the piano or the 
organ in the churches she has attended for the past sixty- 
five years. She started playing the piano at East 
Nimishillen Church of the Brethren, North Canton, Ohio, 
when she was 14 years old, and began playing the organ 
after the church purchased its first one in 1954. She 
moved to Arizona and attended First Church of the 
Brethren, Phoenix, in 1961. She was asked to play the 
organ or piano and has been playing ever since. "1 am glad 
to serve the Lord with music." she says. 

Musical Family. Mildred Swinger, left, her daughter 
Elizabeth Petty, center, and grandaughter Marie Petty. 

Marie Mullins "serving the Lord. 

4 Messenger May 1998 


—Merle T. Seehorn died 
eb. 5 at the Bridgewater 
Retirement Community, 
bridgewater, Va. She was 
104. She was a member of 
he Bridgewater Church of 
he Brethren. Her hus- 
band, the Rev. ]. Elmer 
peehorn. died in 1974. 

— Grace Douglas died 
an. 31 at the age of 1 03 in 
iloanoke, Va. She was a 
:harter member of Central 
rhurch of the Brethren, 

—Lena Norford, 100, of 
Stuarts Draft, Va., died 
eb. 26. In 1925 she 
noved to Washington, 
3.C., where she lived for 
)9 years and was an active 
nember of the Washington 
Tity Church of the 
kethren. In 1964 she 

moved to Verona, Va., and 
was a member of Middle 
River Church of the 
Brethren, New Hope. 

— Cleo Margarette Wag- 
oner. 92. died |an. 10 at 
the Morrisons Cove Home 
in Martinsburg, Pa. Raised 
in Ohio, in 1925 she 
moved to Chicago, where 
she worked with her hus- 
band, Floyd, in the 
Wagoner Realty firm. For 
many years they took an 
active role in First Church 
of the Brethren, Chicago, 
and shared their faith with 
people of the East Garfield 
Park neighborhood. 

— Pearl Ross, 97, of 
Butler, Ohio, died Jan. 9 at 
the age of 97. In 1918 she 
received a normal degree 
from Manchester College 
and was a schoolteacher 
for 55 years. She had been 

ebecca Klingler, who now lives in Los Angeles, gets back 
home" to North Manchester. IncL. at least twice a year. 

a member of North Bend 
Church of the Brethren, 
Danville, Ohio, since 

— lames W. Coffey, |r., 
72, died Feb. 9 at his home 
in Weyers Cave, Va. In 
1947 he signed with the 
New York Yankees and 
played professional base- 
ball before returning to 
Virginia where he played 
for a local league. He was 
co-founder of Staunton 
Foods, Inc., and active in 
business until his retire- 
ment in 1997. He was a 
member of Summit 
Church of the Brethren, 
Bridgewater, Va., where he 
taught Sunday school. 

— Lera B. Jarrels, 86. 
died Dec. 51 in an auto- 
mobile accident near her 
home in Port Republic, Va. 
She was a member of Mill 

Actress's star rises 
as Titanic sinks 

It will all be over soon," 
says the mother as she 
holds her frightened child, 
just before the Titanic sinks 
into the sea. "It will all be 
over soon." The doomed 
mother is played in the 
blockbuster movie by 
Rebecca KJingler, who grew 
up in the Manchester 
Church of the Brethren, 
North Manchester, Ind., 
and attended Manchester 
College. Her father, 
Charles KJingler. was a 
longtime professor of Eng- 
lish at Manchester College 
before he retired. 

IsJingler's few seconds on 
the screen take place about 
3 hours into the movie. 

Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Port Republic, 
Va., where she had played 
piano and organ for 70 
years. She had been sched- 
uled to play for the last 
time the Sunday following 
her death. 

— Zola Meyers 
Detweiler, 94, died )an. 12 
in Bridgewater, Va. She 
graduated from luniata 
College and served with her 
husband, the late Rev. 
George Detweiler, for 44 
years in the ministry of the 
Church of the Brethren. 
Their ministry included a 
congregation in Indianapo- 
lis, Ind., and numerous 
congregations in Pennsylva- 
nia, including Salisbury. 
Beachdale, Garrett, Mey- 
ersdale, [uniata College, 
Waynesboro, Somerset, and 

about 1 5 minutes before the 
end. To prepare for the 
scene took "a lifetime of 
training," she says, and 
about 5 months waiting on 
location during the filming 
at Rosarito, Mexico, before 
her two days of filming. 
Klingler filmed a death 
scene for the movie but it 
was cut because it was "too 
horrific," she was told. She 
also makes an appearance 
as an office clerk in L.A. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren 
we would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos to "In 
Touch." MESSE^CfiR. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

May 1998 Messenger 5 


ABC continues innovations 
and organizational change 

The structure and composition of the 
Association of Brethren Caregivers' 
(ABC) new Family Life Steering 
Committee was approved in March by 
the ABC board. This new ministry 
group will include Carolyn Arthur, 
Richmond, Va.; Sharon Burner, 
Elgin, 111.; Carl Graver, Holtwood, 

ABC board chair Bob Cain, left, with 
Annual Conference director Duane 
Steiner and Annual Conference 
moderator Elaine Sollenberger 
Discussions are under way regarding 
formal recognition of ABC by Annual 

Pa.; Deb and John Lahman, Glendale, 
Ariz.; Don and loyce jordon, Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., and ludy Myers -Walls, 
West Lafayette, Ind. )une Adams 
Gibble is staff liaison. 

During its two days of spring 
meetings, the ABC board discussed a 
recommendation from an ad hoc 
committee that ABC shift its fund- 
ing from memberships to donations. 

The board also: 

• agreed to participate on the 
committee that will determine the 
future location of a central denomi- 
national office facility. 

• endorsed a new long-term care 
insurance program that will be avail- 

able to participating Brethren and | 
Mennonite retirement communities 
in 1998. 

• approved necessary action items 
for formalizing ABC's status as an 
independent Church of the Brethren 
organization. Proposed bylaw j 

changes will be presented to ABC 
members at their annual meeting this 
summer in Orlando. j 

In other business, the board met 
with the Annual Conference officers 
to continue discussions as to how 
ABC can become an officially recog- 
nized organization of the Annual 
Conference, the denomination's top 
decision-making body. "Hopefully, 
we will have taken the appropriate 
steps for this issue to be presented 
this summer to Standing Committee 
at Annual Conference," said Steve 
Mason, ABC executive director. | 

The board heard a report from ; 
staff detailing how three of ABC's 
current four newsletters will be com- 
bined into one quarterly publication 
in [anuary. According to Mary 
Dulabaum, ABC's director of com- , 
munications, this new publication j 
will be larger than any of ABC's ' 

existing publications. The Brethren 
Homes Connection, a quarterly 
newsletter for retirement communi- 
ties, will continue to be published on 
its own, she added. 

June and Jay Gibble to lead 
Deacon Tour planned for fall 

The official Deacon Workshop Tour 
is heading out this fall and may be 
coming to your town! 

lune Adams Gibble and |ay Gibble, 
both now half-time members of the 
Association of Brethren Caregivers 
staff, are planning to take their show 
on the road in a series of workshops 
in churches to introduce a new 
deacon manual and to promote 
deacon ministries. The tour is spon- 

6 Messenger May 1998 

lored by the Denominational Deacon 
Cabinet through ABC, and supported 
)y Congregational Life Ministries of 
he General Board. 

A pilot workshop for Northern 
ndiana District is scheduled for May 
50 at the Goshen City (Ind.) Church 
)f the Brethren. Additional work- 
;hops are planned across the 
ienomination for this fall. Schedul- 
ng is being worked out with all 
districts that want to participate. 

|une Adams Gibble joined the ABC 
itaff [an. 1 as half-time program 
'ield staff, after serving the General 
3oard for 10 years as director of 
Congregational Nurture and Wor- 
;hip. At the same time, [ay Gibble 
noved from being full-time executive 
director of ABC to a half-time pro- 
gram field staff position. The move is 
I step in transition toward [ay's 
)lanned retirement, but he has not 
fet set a date to retire. 

In addition to serving as co-staff 
vith [ay on deacon ministries, [une 
jibble is responsible for implement- 
ing ABC's new Family Life Ministries 
Program and helping to plan the 
ipcoming National Older Adult 
Conference (NOAC 98). 

[ay Gibble is the ABC staff person in 
;harge of Older Adult Minstry, includ- 
ing NOAC 98 planned for this August, 
and the Caring Ministries 2000 con- 
erence, planned for [une 1999. 

Hate e-mail plagues 
Manchester College 

\ racist, hate-filled e-mail message 
sent March 9 to over 100 interna- 
ional and African-American 
students at Manchester College, 
North Manchester, Ind., has the col- 
ege and community abuzz due to the 
Venomous tone of the letter and 
Decause the origin of the message 
bas been traced back to the campus. 
The message, reportedly 34 words 

fay Gibble 

that included four racial slurs and 
the statement "Your time is up. Your 
... days are numbered," was sent 
from a college computer to HotMail, 
a Sunnyvale, Calif., computer service 
that allows computer users to send 
messages under aliases. 

The message was forwarded back 
to the Manchester campus with a 
HotMail return address and deliv- 
ered to the e-mail addresses of four 
student groups — Manchester Col- 
lege International Association, 
Hispanos Unidos. Black Student 
Union, and the Hispanic American 
organization. Manchester's e-mail 
system then automatically forwarded 
the message to those organizations' 
members — 107 students. 

The author and the college con- 
nection are being sought by college 
officials, who are even considering 
subpoenaing HotMail to force that 
company to identify the college 
e-mail address from which the hate 
message originated. 

Police began investigating the pos- 
sibility of a connection between the 
e-mail and two racially motivated 
altercations March 5 and 6 between 
Manchester students and community 
residents. The investigation was 
halted, however, when the county 
prosecutor determined that, though 
it was offensive, it was legal under 
Indiana law because it named 
groups, not individuals. 

Such messages to groups are ille- 
gal in California, however. Thus, 
college authorities are exploring the 

June Gibble 

possibility of pressing charges in Cal- 
ifornia if the author is found. 

BVS anniversary gift to bring 
volunteers to Conference 

Fifty years ago this summer the 
Church of the Brethren Annual Con- 
ference approved a motion from the 
Conference floor that became 
Brethren Volunteer Service. 

Several celebrations surrounding 
BVS' 50th anniversary will be held at 
this summer's Annual Conference in 
Orlando, Fla., and all current 
BVSers who wouldn't normally 
attend the conference will be able to 
do so, thanks to an anonymous 
donor. This person, who has offered 
to provide transportation, room, and 
board for all current BVSers, will 
probably spend between $25,000 and 
$50,000, said BVS director Dan 
McFadden, who added that even he 
does not know the donor's identity. 

In a letter to BVS, the donor 
wrote, "I would like to make a spe- 
cial gift to BVS in honor of its 50th 
anniversary and because 1 think BVS 
is one of our church's greatest 
assets. It's my hope that this gift will 
help Brethren gain a deeper knowl- 
edge of BVS' value and connect 
BVSers more closely with other 
Brethren. It is my hope that as many 
current BVSers as possible will be 
able to attend so that Brethren from 
all over the denomination will see the 
wonderful gifts of BVS and will be 
able to interact with the volunteers." 

May 1998 Messenger 7 

Diaz and Bowman accept 
new responsibilities 

Manuel Diaz has been called to serve 
as one-quarter-time executive of 
Southern Plains District, beginning 
|uly 1 . He also has been called by the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board to serve as a half-time Area 4 
Congregational Life Team member. 

Diaz has been senior pastor of the 
new Lake Charles (La.) Church of the 
Brethren congregation. He also has 
been an adjunct faculty member at 
Sowela Technical College and a grad- 
uate assistant at McNeese State 

Carol Bowman of Wenatchee, 
Wash., has been appointed half-time 
Area Financial Resource Counselor, 
Western States, effective April 6. She 
will continue serving as a half-time 
Congregational Life Team member. 

Youth to hear impressive 
speakers at 1998 NYC 

The National Youth Conference 
office has announced this year's 
keynote speakers: 

• Bernice King, youngest child of 
Martin Luther King |r. and Coretta 
Scott King. King currently serves as 
assistant pastor at an inner-city 
Atlanta church, coordinating youth 
and women's ministries. A former 
law clerk, she was ordained in 1990. 
She holds a B.A. degree in psychol- 
ogy from Spelman College. On the 
morning of her ordination, she was 
awarded a master of divinity degree 
and a doctor of law degree from 
Emory University. She also has 
received an honorary doctor of divin- 
ity degree from Wesley College. She 
is author of a book of sermons and 
speeches titled Hani Questions, 
Heart Answers. 

• Paul Mundey, senior pastor of 
Frederick (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren. Prior to joining the Freder- 
ick congregation in September 1 996, 
Mundey served as Church of the 

Bernice king 

Paul Mundev 

Pa ul Grout Ji idy Mills Reimer 


Debbie Eisenbise Milton Garcia David Radcliff 

Jim Myer 

Brethren General Board staff for 1 5 
years, concluding his Board tenure as 
director of The Andrew Center, the 
General Board's former evangelism 

• Paul Grout, pastor of the Genesis 
Church of the Brethren, Putney, Vt., a 
new church development project in the 
1980s. According to Brian Yoder, 
NYC coordinator, Grout "has been 
called upon by churches throughout 
the country to provide leadership in 
renewing commitment to |esus Christ 
and discovering new life in the Spirit." 

• |udy Mills Reimer, founding 
pastor of Smith Mountain Lake 
Church of the Brethren Fellowship, a 
new church start in Moneta, Va. 
Reimer, a former moderator of the 
Church of the Brethren Annual Con- 
ference, the denomination's highest 
elected position, has been named as 
the next executive director of the 
General Board staff. She is a 1994 
graduate of Bethany Theological 

• Debbie Eisenbise, co-pastor of 
Skyridge Church of the Brethren, 
Kalamazoo, Mich., with her hus- 
band, Lee Krahenbiihl. She is a 

former member of the General Board 
staff, having served as orientation 
director for Brethren Volunteer Ser- 
vice. She has led workshops at the 
annual Church of the Brethren 
Young Adult Conferences, and at 
various regional youth conferences. 
In 1994, Eisenbise served as an NYC 
worship coordinator. 

• Milton Garcia, currently of 
Puerto Rico. He attended the 
University of Puerto Rico and i 
McPherson (Kan.) College, and 
earned his master of divinity degree 
from Bethany Theological Seminary 
in 1993. 

• David Radcliff, director of the 
General Board's Brethren Witness 
office since [uly 1997. Radcliff, who 
has worked for the General Board 
since 1989, had served as director of 
Korean ministries and as director of 
Denominational Peace Witness prior 
to assuming his new responsibilities. 
Radcliff has served as keynote 
speaker for many conferences and 
events, including NYC 94. 

• Jim Myer, a free minister of White 
Oak Church of the Brethren, Penryn, 
Pa., will serve as Bible study leader. 

8 Messenger May 1998 


Ministry of Reconciliation, a ministry of On Earth Peace 
Assembly, now has a listserv for those interested in MoR and its 
vori<. or for people who want to discuss ideas about reconcilia- 
ion in the church and in the world, said Bob Gross, MoR 
iirector. To subscribe, send an e-mail to maiordomo(a 
md write in the message area: subscribe mor-1. 

n conjunction with "Sudan: Partnership for Peace," an ini- 
iative approved in March by the General Board, the Board's 
brethren Witness office has produced several resources to assist 
;ongregations that want to participate. The $238,000 initiative 
vill be funded by the Global Food Crisis Fund, the Church of 
he Brethren's principle hunger relief and development arm. 

A "Share Your Lunch with a Friend" project invites chil- 
Iren's classes or others to support a children's nutrition 
irogram in the village of New Cush. For 30 cents a day, a child 
i'ill receive a nutritious snack at one of the community's two 
chools. The "Take a Friend to School" project challenges indi- 
iduals, youth groups or Sunday school classes to support the 
ilessed Bakhita Girls School in Narus. Over 400 girls from 24 
ifferent language groups attend the school. Cost for supporting 
girl for a full year is $ 1 20. 

A Brethren Volunteer Service position is being developed to 
/ork with the women's capacity-building efforts of the New 
udan Council of Churches. Efforts are also being made to sup- 
lort women's self-help programs, such as tailoring and 
read-baking. These initiatives can be supported by individuals 
ir women's fellowship groups. 

Brethren peacemakers are invited to support the training of 
ustice and Peace committees in several refugee camps. These 
rorkshops are sponsored by the New Sudan Council of 
Churches. The Council is also seeking funds for an annual 
eace prize to be awarded to a Justice and Peace committee. 

Printed materials describing these efforts are available. A 
ull-color Sudan photo display is also available for loan to con- 
regations. Contact Karin Davidson of the Brethren Witness 
ffice at kdavidson_gb@' or at 800 323-8039. 

i new study guide for Don Durnbaugh's Fruit of the Vine: A 
listory of the Brethren, 1 708-1995, is now available. This 
0-page booklet contains eight open-ended questions per chap- 
tr that relate historical facts to present-day issues in the 
Church of the Brethren. According to Jennifer Leo of Brethren 
'ress. Fruit of the Vine is "fast becoming a classic" as it traces 
Srethren history "from eight courageous believers in 1 708 to the 
Church of the Brethren today." 

Fruit of the Vine: A Study Guide was written by Linda Logan, 
oordinator of educational ministries at the Harrisonburg (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren. Logan also is author of Whatza Wis- 
ahiclcon, a Brethren heritage curriculum for children. The 
tudy guide is $3.95, and the book is $39.95. Contact Brethren 

Press at, 800 441-3712 
(phone), or 800 667-8188 (fax). 

The 1 1 th annua! gathering of the Network of Biblical Storytellers 
(NOBS) will be held Aug. 5-8 in Wilmington, Del. Focusing on 
the theme "Call, Career, and Charisma: Telling the Stories of 
Vocation," this ecumenical event will bring together clergy and 
laity from the United States and abroad for storytelling, work- 
shops, and keynote addresses. For more information, contact 
NOBS at or 800 355-6627. 

"Disaster Child Care in the 2 1 st Century: A Look to the 
Future," will be held May 29-30 at the New Windsor (Md.)Con- 
ference Center, located on the Brethren Service Center campus. 
This symposium, sponsored by the Church of the Brethren Gen- 
eral Board's Emergency Response/Service Ministries, will be a 
working conference for staff of the Federal Emergency Manage- 
ment Agency and the American Red Cross, and for denominational 
leaders and ER/SM's disaster child care leaders. 

"CPT Sunday," a day that Christian Peacemaker Teams hopes 
congregations will focus on CPT's mission and ministries, is 
scheduled for May 31, which also is Pentecost Sunday. CPT has 
produced a packet of materials for congregations to use, including 
worship resources, sermon ideas, and peacemaking stories, which 
integrate a focus on the power of Pentecost with the vision for 
faith-based, nonviolent peacemaking. CPT is an independent 
organization whose membership consists of Church of the 
Brethren and Mennonite individuals and congregations. For more 
information, write to The entire resource packet 
is also available at 

The Church of the Brethren General Board's new Mission and 
Ministries Planning Council (MMPC), a channel through which 
congregations, districts, and Standing Committee may be involved 
in planning new mission and ministry projects, has determined 
how it will conduct business. The council will receive ideas and 
proposals and will review them before making recommendations to 
the General Board. MMPC will meet May 20-21. The council will 
convene again Aug. 27-28, when it will consider ideas or proposals 
submitted to it by early August. For more information, contact 
loseph Mason, interim executive director of the General Board, at or at 800 323-8039. 

A free one-day training seminar, sponsored by Brethren Revival 
Fellowship and Durbin Church of the Brethren will be held at 
the church in Durbin, W. Va., May 30. Workshops include "A 
Look at New Testament Baptism," "Maintaining Flope During 
Trials," "Studies in 1 Peter," and "A Study of the Beatitudes." 
For more information contact pastor Donald Curry at 304-456- 
4764 or David Rittenhouse at 304-799-4726. 

May 1998 Messenger 9 

EYN^s Diamond Jubilee 

The Church of the Brethren in Nigeria celebrates 
the past and looks toward the future 

Throngs gathered on a Nigerian hillside March 1 7 

BY Sue Grubb 

The welcoming branches of the 
tamarind tree in Garkida 
became the backdrop of the 75th 
Diamond Jubilee Anniversary Cele- 
bration of Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a 
Nigeria (EYN — Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria) on March 17. 
Throngs of people arrived at the field 
beside the tree, which was the site of 
the first Brethren worship service 
held in Nigeria in 1923 by Stover 
Kulp and Albert Helser. A multitude 
of EYN members, estimated at more 
than 5,000, spread across the field 
and covered the surrounding rocky 
hills. Some, like Zacchaeus, even 
climbed into the few scattered trees 
for a better view of the celebration. 
There were 42 representatives of 

10 Messenger May 1998 

the Church of the Brethren attend- 
ing, 3 1 of whom had come as part of 
a tour group especially for the 
anniversary event. Many of the rep- 
resentatives were former 
missionaries or their children, some 
having dedicated their lives to shar- 
ing the love of Christ in Nigeria. In 
his welcoming address, EYN presi- 
dent the Rev. Bitrus K. Tizhe spoke 
of EYN's deep appreciation and grat- 
itude to the Church of the Brethren. 

The day was filled with singing, 
prayer, recognition of special guests, 
speeches on EYN development, and 
fellowship. There were cultural per- 
formances of traditional music, 
dancing, drumming, and displays of 
costumes, representing the many 
tribes that form EYN . 

The Diamond Jubilee was a time of 
thanksgiving for the past blessings of 
EYN and praying for guidance in the 

future. And the future looks bright 
for EYN, one of the fastest growing 
Christian denominations in Africa. 

The popularit}' of EYN 

When 1 asked members why they are 
a part of EYN, several responses 
were given repeatedly: 
® EYN stands on the truth of the 
Bible. There is scriptural basis for its 
doctrine and an emphasis on teach- 
ings of the Word. Members are 
encouraged to learn about and follow 
these teachings in daily life. Like the 
Brethren, several Biblical practices 
that EYN incorporates into worship 
are footwashing, the agape meal, and 
believers' baptism. 
® EYN is working to embrace 
peace with more heart. The Rev. 
Karagama A. Gadzama, EYN vice 
president, explained that when the 
Brethren first came into northeastern 

Nigeria in 1923, the 
local tribes were 
vicious and constantl) 
figiiting one another. 
This had been their 
means of survival for 
centuries. Taking this 
into consideration, 
having the many tribes of EYN wor- 
shipping together and uniting to 
work toward common goals is quite 
an accomplishment. There are still 
some strong tribal loyalties, but EYN 
is aware of the need to reduce ten- 
sions and move toward a more 
unified body in Christ. 
® EYN follows a doctrine of love 
and this is important to its success. 
As one member put it, "EYN loves 
everyone." Even today Nigerian cul- 
ture is one of stratification, and 
people are positioned in a hierarchi- 
cal system with each person 
recognizing his or her station in life. 
The Church of the Brethren brought 
the concept of mutuality to Nigeria, 
and this is cited as a unique quality 
of EYN. Members feel that EYN is 
more democratic than other 

EYN has been established for all 
people. While many religious groups 
in Nigeria are interested in develop- 
ing their own members, EYN 
programs serve people of all faiths 
who are in need. EYN members seem 
proud of this tradition that follows 
the example set by Jesus. 

The holistic approach to ministry 
was the inspiration of Stover Kulp. 
Teachings about the love of Christ 
should be reflected through living the 
love of Christ, an attitude that has 
always been strong in the Church of 
the Brethren. EYN's dedication to 
programs of rural development, 
health, and education is a living testi- 
mony to its members' beliefs. 

The main celebration area ii't/i iiair the historic tamarind tree, the large 
tree on the left where the first worship service was held. 

For example, the EYN Rural Pro- 
gramme (RDP) and Lafiya 
Programme serve villages in need of 
basic advancements. The villagers 
are asked to assess their needs and 
then RDP works with the people to 
realize them. Under this program, 
hundreds of wells providing clean 
drinking water have been dug. 

Healthcare professionals are sparse 
in Nigeria, so the Lafiya Programme 
has answered this need with 18 dis- 
pensary clinics, numerous health 
posts, and educational opportunities 
for community members to learn 
basic healthcare practices. 

EYN educational programs include 
Kulp Bible College, established by 
the Church of the Brethren in 1960 
to prepare students for Christian 
ministries in the areas of teaching, 
pastoring, and community service. 
Mason Technical School, also begun 
by the Church of the Brethren, gives 
secondary school graduates an 
opportunity to develop skills in auto 
mechanics or office management. 
The new EYN Comprehensive Sec- 
ondary School, opened in 1996, is 
the church's response to inadequate 
government schools. Several EYN 
churches have begun their own 
schools to insure that their children 
will receive quality education as well. 


they can. These pro- 
grams are a major 
contributing factor to 
the fast-paced growth 
of the church. As one 
EYN member said, 
"People notice when 
you care about them." 
® EYN is striving for inclusiveness. 
Activities for children and youth help 
to develop their interest in the 
church at a young age. Women are 
also encouraged to be involved and, 
in fact, the EYN Women's Fellowship 
(ZME) is considered the most hard- 
working, well-run group in the 
denomination. It is the women who 
bring energy and enthusiasm to wor- 
ship services and church functions. 
Lughu Men's Fellowship, a newly 
formed group in one district, sang at 
the 75th Anniversary Celebration and 
was warmly received by the crowd, 
demonstrating support for more 

hese and other development and 
education programs are headed 
by EYN leadership, and, although 
finances are always tight, EYN mem- 
bers value their importance and 
continue to support them as best 

Nigeria Events at 
Annual Conference 

Wednesday' evening, July I 

Introduction of Nigerian visitors 

Thursda}' morning. ]u\y 2 

General Board Live Report includes an 

anniversary feature segment, 

"Brethren in Nigeria." 

Thursdaj' evening, |ul_y 2 

Insight Session featuring top Nigeria leaders: 

president, secretary general, treasurer, 

women's representatives. 

Saturday', ]u\y 4, 5-6:30 pm 

Anniversary celebration reception. All are 
welcome, free. Light refreshments. 

May 1998 Messenger 1 1 

Dr. Bala Takaya speaks at the 
anniversary celebration on 
Clirisiianity and national 
development relating to EYN. 

involvement of men in this way. 
® The church has begun to 
embrace past traditions. When the 
first missionaries came to Nigeria, 
there was belief that all tribal cus- 
toms were sinful and church 
members discarded them. Today, 
EYN members are recognizing that 
traditions are a vital part of their his- 
tory. Instead of denouncing all of 
their past culture, much of it is being 
used in forms of worship and cele- 
bration of Christ's love. This is 
attractive to people who have interest 
in Christianity, as well as maintain- 
ing a link to their past. 

Challenges facing EYN 

EYN is facing many issues today that 
will shape its progress into the 21st 
century. As Donna Forbes Steiner 

pointed out during a tour group fel- 
lowship meal with EYN members, 
many of these issues are parallel to 
concerns of the Church of the 
Brethren. Church growth, reaching 
congregations at the local level, a 
leadership shortage, need for identity 
. . . does any of this sound familiar? 
® The rapid growth of EYN contin- 
ues with an estimated 8,000 new 
members baptized each year. Accord- 
ing to the new book The Progressive 
History of EYN, 1997 statistics show 
membership has risen to 140,000, 
with average Sunday worship atten- 
dance reaching 240,000 people. 
While this is cause for celebration, it 
also gives rise to some concern. 
Yakubu B. Bwala, director of Mason 
Technical School, said in a speech 
earlier this year that although EYN is 

(continued on page 15) 

Looking back 


At the beginning of this century, revival ser- 
mons and missionary campaigns swept 
across Europe and the new lands. Church 
bodies saw new visions and became sensitive to 
the needs of people in other lands, especially 
Africa. Consequently, the Church of the 
Brethren in America sent Albert Helser and 
Stover Kulp to Nigeria in early 1925. 

They made their first home under one 
tamarind tree and began to preach the gospel, 
heal sickness, and make friends with the local 
people. They endeavored and preached under 
the scorching sun of the tropics which was unfa- 
miliar to them, but saw few respond to their 

On March 17,1 948, the church planting was 
celebrated. However, the joy of the Silver [ubilee 
was like the celebration of a child who could not 
understand the meaning. The Foreign Mission 
Secretary, Leland Brubaker and company, were 
present that afternoon, but hardly did the local 
people understand the message. But the church 
had been established and hope was perceived. 

Yet another jubilee came on March 17, 1973, 
recognizing the child's maturity. The hope of the 

planter was fulfilled. The joy of the local people 
was being recognized by the American church. 
The understanding that Nigerians could make 
independent decisions and lead their church was 
thrilling. The symbolic handover of instruments 
of power to the nationals was the climax of the 

On March 1 7, 1 998, all roads led to the 
tamarind tree at Garkida, the home of the first 
Brethren missionaries in Africa. It is now 75 
years since the first planting of the church. 
There were many visitors — Emirs, government 
officials, and sundry others. The understanding 
is that the Nigerian church is now and forever. 

This was a celebration of history and affirming 
the roots of the people. By the tamarind tree, 
local people will rejoice for their faith in Christ, a 
time to remember coming out of darkness into 
light. The Diamond Jubilee allows the church to 
look into the millennium age, and to move into 
West Africa, where Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a Nigeria 
(EYN — Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) may 
play an even greater role. 

.4 graduate of Bethany Theological Seminary, Nvwa 
Balami has been a pastor, a teacher, and a principal of Kulp 
Bible College. He has recently started a new congregation in 
Nigeria 's largest city, Lagos. 

12 Messenger May 1998 

Nigerian workcamps: Bridging the gap 

BY Sue Grubb 

It may be difficult to believe that hauling pans of 
cement on your head for hours on end, unbending old 
nails for reuse, or separating a big heap of stones by 
size into smaller piles would lead to spiritual growth. 
Although these tasks seem tedious and mundane in our 
society, in Nigeria they are ways of working together and 
slowly moving forward to accomplish a task greater than 
anyone involved ... a process we often forget in the fast- 
paced, time-is-money, fully-automated United States. 

Since the inception of the Nigerian workcamp in 1 985, 
the Church of the Brethren has been sending volunteers 
to Nigeria to work alongside Nigerians to build necessary 
structures for Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a Nigeria (Church of 
the Brethren in Nigeria). In 1991 Swiss and German vol- 
unteers from Basel Mission, a fraternal organization of 
EYN, joined the effort, to form a truly international work- 

Since 1985, buildings have been constructed for many 
programs in EYN. The buildings have included a new 
wing added onto the national administrative building, 
staff housing, a grinding shop, crop storage, and agricul- 
ture buildings, and a store, all at EYN Headquarters near 
Mubi, in northeastern Nigeria. Student and staff housing 
has been built at Kulp Bible College, also at this location. 
In 1997 a four-classroom building for the new EYN 
Comprehensive Secondary School was built, and in Feb- 
ruary the 1998 workcamp erected a dormitory for the 
students of the school. 

Each year EYN chooses the work project, and the 
Church of the Brethren and Basel Mission join them in 
providing funds for the necessary building materials. 

Although financial support is important to EYN, the 
workcamp is much more than just a means of funding. It 
is an opportunity for those visiting from the United States 
to increase their awareness of EYN. The workcamp 
schedule is arranged so that time is set aside for attending 
church services and other functions; meeting pastors, 
church leaders and members; learning about EYN 
national programs; and visiting sites important to the his- 
tory of EYN and the Church of the Brethren. 

There were 21 workcampers — 5 from the US, one from 
Germany, and 15 Nigerians. They were special guests at a 
new church commissioning in Gulak, about 1-1/2 hours 
by road to the north of EYN headquarters. Fellowship 
meals were shared with congregations during the several 
days they took to travel across northern Nigeria, from 
Kano in the north central region, to EYN headquarters in 
the northwest. Current EYN programs visited by the 
workcampers included Kulp Bible College, Mason Tech- 
nical School, EYN Secondary School, and the Rural 
Development Programme, which provides services in the 

areas of well-digging, rural health, and agriculture. The 
historic tamarind tree, site of the first the Church of the 
Brethren preaching in Nigeria in 1923, gave the group a 
connection to the past. They also visited former mission 
homes, the Garkida Leprosarium (now operated by the 
Nigerian government), and other institutions begun by 
the Church of the Brethren. 

Additionally, the workcamp is a forum for EYN mem- 
bers to learn more about the Church of the Brethren. 
Mostly this has been done through many informal conver- 
sations, but there have also been arranged question and 
answer sessions to exchange information about the two 
denominations. This year Wayne Zunkel and Paul Nye, 
both Brethren pastors, were invited to preach at Sunday 
worship services, giving another opportunity to share 
Brethren beliefs. 

The Rev. Karagama Gadzama, EYN vice president, 
feels that a gap has formed over the past few decades 
between the Church of the Brethren and EYN. Since EYN 
became indigcnized in 1973, the number of US Brethren 
serving as full-time fraternal workers in Nigeria has 
decreased significantly, from more than a hundred in the 
1950s to a handful now. Yet, Gadzama says that EYN 
members have high hopes of a renewed connection and a 
stronger relationship with the Church of the Brethren in 
the future. 

He believes that it is the Church of the Brethren work- 
campers who are bridging this gap. They are a visible 
presence and reminder that the Church of the Brethren 
still cares about EYN. During the workcamp. Brethren 
from the US and Nigeria come face to face. Through per- 
sonal interaction, the denominations have become real to 
each other, rather than merely images based on an article 
read or a story heard. EYN — and all its struggles, joys, 
frustrations, accomplishments, and the indomitable faith 
of its members — comes to life for US Brethren who work 
alongside church members in Nigeria. And as Brethren 
beliefs and culture are shared, the US church becomes a 
more tangible reality to Nigerians as well. 

Preparations are under way for lite 14th annual workcamp 
in Nigeria. The tentative dates for the workcamp are Janu- 
ary 16 to February 16. 1999. 

The workcamp will focus on the construction of a sec- 
ondary school near the EYN Headquarters. Workcampers 
will also have the opportunity to eat, socialize, and work 
with Nigerian workcampers. Other activities include visits 
to local churches, participating in cultural events, and 
traveling in Nigeria. Participation is limited, so register 

For additional information, contact the Global Missions 
Partnerships Office of the Church of the Brethren in Elgin 
at 800 523-8059, ext. 226 or Jeff Mummau.workcamp 
coordinator, at 717 567-2269. 

May 1998 Messenger 13 

What do sisters say to each other? 

By Mervin Keeney 

Sometimes when Nigerians have asked me 
where the relationship between the Ameri- 
can and Nigerian branches of the church is 
headed, I offer an analogy. When sisters are chil- 
dren, they play together. As teenagers or young 
adults, sisters may compete with each other, 
asserting their emerging identity, and there may 
be a bit of tension in the relationship. And as 
older adults, sisters respect each other and 
relish sharing in each other's lives. The rela- 
tionship changes and matures over time, but 
sisters will always be sisters to each other as 
long as they live. 

People are reassured by this anal- 
ogy that the bond between us is 
permanent, if evolving. I realize that 
my response does not answer their 
question specifically, but instead 
reaffirms the relationship. But 
since valuing and honoring the 
relationship is more important i*^ 
to Nigerians than particulars - * 
of directions, these words 

The Nigerian church continues to 
view the Church of the Brethren as ^ 
the mother church. In the Nigerian^ 
culture, the mother is accorded 
great respect and honor. At some 
points in our history together this 
cultural factor, coupled with 
wealth and power dynamics, has resulted in a lop 
sided relationship. We did not relate as sisters, 
but as parent and child. During recent decades 
the American church has sought to relate to the 
Nigerian church as a sister church of equal value. 

Where might this relationship take us? The 
Nigerian church may soon be as large as the 
American church. Does this change our sense of 
who we are? For example, for decades we saw 
ourselves as an exclusively American church. 
How does it alter our identity to recognize fully 
the large Nigerian branch, as well as new growth 
in Dominican Republic? 

We have much to learn about Christian faithful- 
ness from our sisters and brothers in Nigeria. We 
can also be energized by what God is doing in 
Nigeria. Rather than a withered vine that no 
longer offers anything, the relationship in Nigeria 
is at a point of harvest, a time when we might 
receive nourishment from each other. 

Rather than proposing a personal agenda, let 
me convey hopes and visions Nigerians have 

voiced to me in recent years. Perhaps the 
American church can learn from the 
'^'^4 Women's Fellowship (ZME), which 
%j has been identified by both Nigerians 
and visitors as a central force in the 
church. The highly successful church- 
planting efforts by the Nigerian church 
could be another good example. 
Both Nigerians and Americans 
have wondered whether the 
Nigerian church should send 
missionaries to America. Nigeri- 
ans have also expressed interest 
in doing mission together in 
Africa, and specifically working 
together in Sudan. The partici- 
pation of EYN pastor lames 
Zoaka with the Church of the 
Brethren peace group to Sudan 
this past [anuary was an important 
step for Nigerian church leadership 
to participate directly in our Sudan 
ministry. More such linkages 
between Nigeria and Sudan can be made. South- 
ern Nigeria has a cultural link with Brazil, rooted 
in the slave trade of centuries past. Perhaps work- 
ing together with the Nigerian church among the 
Brazilian population has potential to rekindle the 
somewhat dormant relationship begun in Brazil 
some years ago. 

May it be said at the 1 00th anniversary that 
during the preceding quarter century we drew 
upon the abundant gifts of faith of our sister 
church in Nigeria, and they from us, so that both 
sisters will have been nourished and renewed. 

Merviii Keeney serves as the General Board's director for 
Global Mission Partnerships. 

14 Messenger May 1998 

(continued from page 12) showing 
quantitative growth, there must also 
be emphasis on qualitative growth. 
EYN secretary general Bitrus Bdlia 
believes that with the rapid growth 
that EYN is experiencing, a new 
administrative plan will be needed to 
serve the larger population. Creating 
zones with regional leadership to keep 
in close contact with local congrega- 
tions is one possibility. The emphasis 
will be on keeping EYN intact and 
unified, while continuing to work 
towards expansion. 
® Growth raises the issue of pro- 
viding quality leadership. At present 
there are only about a fourth of the 
ordained pastors needed to serve in 
EYN places of worship. Although 
EYN continues to train more leaders, 
lack of funding for this growth will 
make it difficult to meet the rising 

® EYN is also struggling with its 
sense of identity. It shares common 
practices with other denominations 
and there is concern that young 
people are not understanding the 
unique qualities of EYN. 
® EYN is influenced by the political 
situation in Nigeria, a country rid- 
dled with military coups and unrest 

since its independence in 1960. The 
Rev. Toma H. Ragnjiya, principal of 
Kulp Bible College, believes that this 
military intervention has broken the 
continuity necessary for building 
Nigeria into a unified nation. As a 
result of financial mismanagement at 
the national level, high inflation and 
low cash flow are causing Nigeria's 
people to suffer economically. Mis- 
appropriated government funds for 
development programs, as well as the 
collapsed educational system, have 
made it imperative that EYN and 
other religious groups step in and 
take over where the government is 
failing. In the past, politics was seen 
as dirty and business dealings as 
unchristian, so EYN drew away from 
them. But now, Ragnjiya says, there 
must be more encouragement for 
EYN members to become educated 
in politics and economics, and to get 

EYN looks to the future 

When I asked members about their 
vision for EYN in the upcoming 
years, two responses came fre- 

® More education at all levels is a 
priority, providing primary education 

for all children and continuing edu- 
cation for those who want to learn, 
regardless of their economic situa- 
tion. Also, growth in pastor training 
is necessary to move toward solving 
the leadership crisis, as well as to 
challenge competent members to use 
their talents for the good of the 

® Continued efforts in evangelism 
and growth in EYN are also part of 
the vision. Since EYN is primarily a 
rural denomination, emphasis will be 
on movement into the cities, as well as 
spreading across the nation. Bdlia 
expects to see EYN covering Nigeria 
by its 100th anniversary and moving 
beyond the nation's borders. This is a 
continuation of Stover Kulp's vision, 
which was to train Nigerians to evan- 
gelize their own people. According to 
Gadzama, "We will not hide our faith 
anymore. Now we'll go every- 
where. We want to be known." 

Sue Crubb grew up in the Elizabethtown 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren and is a graduate 
of Juniata College. She served five years 
(1992-1997) in Brethren Volunteer Service, 
two of which she spent teaching fourth grade at 
Hillcrest School in Jos, Nigeria. Recently, she 
returned to Nigeria for two months to partici- 
pate in the 1998 workcamp and to attend the 
EYN 75th Anniversary Celebration. 

Sue Grubb, center, with fellow Nigeria workcamp participants Asabe Bulus, left, and Jessica David. 

May 1998 Messenger 1 5 



Taking the chill 
off Belfast 

Brethren Volunteer Service workers 
warm hearts in Northern Ireland 

16 Messenger May 1998 

'jt^^t he\i^o, \j\tU tUe Lic^5 f^aLe^ it ail \JOfti/\\^/i\\ie.^^ 



'ith the heat cranked up in 
her 16-passenger bus, 
Brethren Volunteer Service 
(BVS) worker MeHssa Magee navi- 
gates a familiar route through 
working-class neighborhoods of 
Belfast, Northern Ireland. Her pas- 
sengers are an unlikely mix of 
Catholic and Protestant mothers and 
children, and, as they get on the bus, 
Melissa greets them all with a warm 
smile and friendly conversation 
about the latest developments in 
their lives. 

Outside the bus Belfast is cold in 
December. Coal-burning stoves fill 
the already gray sky with a low-lying 
haze and a familiar, dirty scent. 
Working folks are wrapped from 
head to toe in dark winter garments 
and schoolchildren in woolly uni- 
forms step to a brisk pace on their 
daily walk to school. 

Partition walls, separating Loyalist 
and Nationalist factions, crisscross the 
city. Their very presence deepens the 
chill of the morning. Graffiti and col- 

orful murals along these barriers are a 
melancholy reminder of the lethal con- 
flict that has been waged in Northern 
Ireland since the 1 7th century. 

Melissa and her passengers are on 
their way to a bi-weekly program at 
Quaker Cottage family support 
center on a nearby hill, where moth- 
ers participate in group-sharing, 
receive staff support, and participate 
in various projects while their chil- 
dren receive their own regimen of 
support. The program is designed to 
bring Catholic and Protestant fami- 
lies together by improving the coping 
skills of mothers. 

But the children are Melissa's main 
priority. "|ust being with the kids 
makes it all worthwhile," she said. The 
progress made in children over the 
course of a year may be indiscernible. 
"You can't say, 'See, look, that's what 
we did.' There's no tangible thing that 
you can grasp onto .... But the kids 
know that there is another way of 
life — they don't have to be smacked. 
They can talk to people and be safe in 

a secure environment where they are 
loved and there is no interference." 

One of the children who has been 
close to Melissa is a very active little 
three-year-old boy named Bradley, 
who is hated by his mother. When he 
was recently placed in the intensive 
care unit of a local hospital with a 
severe illness, Melissa stayed with 
him every day and monitored his 
progress. Though he was uncon- 
scious for much of the time, his 
mother visited him only once. 

"It is hard to see how she treats her 
kids and not hold it against her, but 
we're not just getting the moms up 
here and telling them what to do," 
said Melissa. "It's more support — 
trying to help the whole family 
together. This is the only center in 
Belfast that has this kind of 

As an American, Melissa has held a 
special status among the Northern 
Irish. "Either side will warm to you 
and tell you their problems and try to 
(continued on page 19) 

May 1998 Messenger 17 

The joys and concerns of youth work in Northern Ireland 

Aaron Durnbaugh and Jessica Lehman are Brethren 
Volunteer Service volunteers working with Belfast 
youth in the Northern Ireland Children's Hohday 
Scheme (NICHS), a program designed to improve 
cross-community relations and provide youth with 
opportunities to develop leadership skills. Their work 
takes place in an unassuming building that plays host 
to a chaotic youth event nearly every night. 

Jessica and Aaron, both from Elgin, III., where they 
are members of the Highland Avenue Church of the 
Brethren, focus their efforts on the Community Part- 
nership Project, which brings youth together from the 
North and the South and from Nationalist and Loyalist 
communities for activities, retreats, and discussions 
with community leaders. 

"It's good to be in on the creative side of things," 
Aaron said about organizing the events, "but I really 
love the youth work part. I love to be in a room of 
screaming kids. You get frustrated and exhausted, but 
that's when it's the most fun." 

Jessica decided to join BVS because "in college it just 
felt like something was missing. I didn't have an over- 
whelming sense that it was where I was supposed to 
be," she said. "When I went to different church confer- 
ences and heard about BVS, it just felt right. . . ." As a 
member of the Church of the Brethren Peace Team last 
summer, she felt the call to act on her interests and 
made up her mind to join BVS. 

Aside from their other responsibilities at the youth 
center, Jessica and Aaron both work on a community 
drama project. Rehearsals are on Monday nights, and 
Jessica has enjoyed her involvement in the production. 

Life in Northern Ireland has not always been fun for 
the volunteers, however, and the political situation has 
affected them differently. "I find it very interesting the 

changes that come over kids when they go back to their 
communities where paramilitary forces are present," 
said Jessica. "Sometimes the girls will talk at the 
retreats about how they are great friends, but if they 
would meet in the local mall they wouldn't acknowl- 
edge one another. It's really sad because we should be 
building bridges so that they are comfortable together 
outside our structure." 

"I've been scared a few times," Aaron said about the 
conflict. In passing from a Nationalist to a Loyalist 
area early in his BVS term, he and a friend were mis- 
taken for Nationalists and were threatened. In July, he 
was also living in a neighborhood where petrol bombs 
were thrown and other violence occurred during a 
series of riots across the peace lines. 

Jessica and Aaron both hope that their work will help 
further the cause of peace by building bridges between 
Loyalist and Nationalist communities in Northern Ire- 
land. Much of this interaction takes place during 
weekend "residentials," where youth come together 
from the North and the South and from different com- 
munities within Northern Ireland. According to 
Jessica, "They are a cross between retreat and camp — 
hell, basically — a real pain for the youth workers." 

Aaron agrees that the residentials are a challenge. 
"It's really exciting to get to know a lot of different 
sides of myself that I didn't have before," said Aaron. 
"I'm adding to my interpersonal skills every time I have 
a residential and the kids are screaming and it's 4 in 
the morning and I'm exhausted. I'm drawing from new 
reserves of humility and patience." 

BVS has been an educational experience for both 
volunteers. "Volunteering isn't about taking time off," 
Aaron concluded. "I'm learning to be a youth worker 
every day here." — Jeff Leard 



18 Messenger May 1998 

■• ' \)oiUf^^te€^\t\<=\ i^ ^Oi^^etU\t^o, tU(xt ^eel^ ^iqUt to K^g 



{continued from page 17) 
get you to agree with them," she 
said. "Generally people love Ameri- 
cans and they love to make fun of 
Americans and they love to criticize 
Americans — especially the accent." 

Melissa, a Catholic whose home is 
in Yorkville, 111., began volunteering at 
the age of 20. She is now 26 and has 
done projects in California, Illinois, 
and two others in Northern Ireland. 
She attended University of Chicago 
for a year and a half, but soon 
changed her mind about the need for 
education and wanted to work with 
people doing something positive. 

"I don't like money. If I get money 
then I'll just want to spend it on lots 
of stuff I don't need and fall into the 
trap of consumerism," she said. Vol- 

unteering "is just something that 
feels right to me." 

But it has not always been easy 
work, she admits. "It takes a lot out 
of you and there are a lot of prob- 
lems with the families." Living at the 
center has also been a challenge, 
since Melissa is constantly reminded 
about problems in the families that 
come to the center. "You have to 
learn to draw the line about becom- 
ing attached. It's really hard to have 
your own life outside of work." 

In a few months, Melissa will finish 
her term in BVS and will return to 
the US. "I'm looking forward to 
going home," she said. But "I have 
no idea what I'm going to do. It will 
be hard to leave because I've grown 
attached to the place and I feel really 

settled here. 1 will miss the people 
and the place — moms and friends." 

In spite of pressure from her par- 
ents, Melissa has no plans to take up a 
more traditional lifestyle. "My parents 
have given up on me," she said. "They 
would still like to see me get a real job 
and have a family and settle down, but 
for now that's not what I want." 

For the warmth she provides to 
mothers and children in the very cold 

city of Belfast, it is probably just rrj- 
as well. tf^ 

jeff Leard stopped off in Nortliern Ireland on 
his way home to the US from a Brethren Volun- 
teer Service assignment in Cyprus. There he was 
managing editor for the Middle East Council of 
Churches. Originally from Glendale, Calif, Jeff 
is currently working as a frelance photojournal- 
ist in southern Pennsylvania. He is a member of 
the Church of the Brethren. 

May 1998 Messenger 19 

Fred Borne (right) talks to three Tijuana children lust July during the Pleasant Dale congregation's service project in Me. 


Beam and rice and Jem Christ 

BY Joel Ulrich 

They're going to cut your hair, 
brother!" may not come across at 
first as the most consoling thing to 
say to a long-haired fellow such as 
myself embarking on a new under- 
taking. This would not be the last 
time that I would be surprised. 
Having grown up in a neatly 
mowed middle-class suburb of 
Chicago, I was nervous but elated. I 
had decided to spend my summer 
through the Ministry Summer Ser- 
vice program with pastor Gilbert 
Romero in East Los Angeles, a pre- 
dominantly Hispanic inner-city 
neighborhood just east of downtown. 
1 worked and lived primarily with the 
men in the Bittersweet Christian 
Rehabilitation Home next door to the 
Bella Vista Church of the Brethren 
where about 70 percent of the con- 
gregation are recovering drug 

20 Messenger May 1998 

Through the summer, 
I saw these rigorous- 
Christian ideas at 
work in the men, 
improving their 
relationships with 
others in the program 
and with their families. 

addicts. This home and its inhabi- 
tants have forever opened my eyes. 

The Bittersweet Home was started 
by Romero and the Bella Vista 

church around twelve years ago, and 
since then a thousand men have 
walked through its doors. Last 
summer I had the opportunity to 
meet about twenty of them. I entered 
new worlds that I had not experi- 
enced previously: drug addiction, 
gang affiliation, prison culture, 
inner-city life, child emancipation, 
and a more rigorous Christianity 
than 1 had ever known back in my 
Chicago suburb. 

By the second day, I had written in 
my diary, "Of all the skills which I 
have learned in life, I have to admit 
they have all become irrelevant here." 
1 felt that nothing I had previously 
learned could help me there. All my 
previous skills probably were irrele- 
vant but two: listening and the 
willingness to learn. 

About half the men in Bittersweet 
were using the program as an alter- 
native to prison sentencing from 

■ HMMK Btiafiaffl 

Stan Koenemann f/opj anc/ Dai'/c/ Lihy of the 
Pleasant Dale church paint the front of a 
Tijuana house in which a Centra Infantil 
Shalom student lives. 

Gilbert Romero in June teaches a weekly Bible study lesson for high 
school students at Centro Infantil Shalom. Over 200 local children, 
ages 5 to 20. participate in Shalom ministries. Nine out of 10 of 
these children do not have fathers. 

minor offenses such as drug use or 
jtheft. If they left the house they 
would have to return to prison. The 
other half of the men have come to 
the home voluntarily in the desire to 
change their lives. "Life changing" is 
a hard business, however. How do 
you erase a lifestyle that you have 
ived for the past 25 years? 

I learned at Bittersweet how useful 
a more conservative or literal 
approach to Christianity could be in 
providing a foundation for people 
who have no foundation to call their 
own. It seemed more and more evi- 
dent to me that the main stumbling 
block that these men hit again and 
again is that they had no hope, no 
real belief that they could change 
themselves. "This is simply how life 
is," they would tell me. Life usually 
means growing up in an unstable 
family, joining a gang (your "real" 
family) in adolescence, living in and 
out of prisons, having "happiness" be 
dictated by the presence or absence 
of drugs, and not living to see your 
25th birthday. 

Gilbert Romero, however, repre- 
sents the alternative. He is the 
foremost example of a success 

story — someone who has hit rock 
bottom and come back to lead a 
prodigious life as he works against 
the "craziness" all around him, even 
becoming a national leader as a cur- 
rent member of the Church of the 
Brethren General Board. 

The men at the home participate in 
daily Bible studies, some led by 
members of the church and others by 
the men themselves. The foundation 
that these men can rebuild their lives 
on is made of several building 
blocks: Alcoholics Anonymous, Lion 
Tamers (a Christianized twelve-step 
program), car washes, and Bible 
study and ice cream at Grandma and 
Grandpa's, the wonderful elder 
couple of the church. 

Through the summer, I saw these 
rigorous-Christian ideas at work in 
the men, improving their relationships 
with others in the program and with 
their families when they would come 
to visit. The worship of God makes a 
vast improvement in the lives of men 
who had previously worshiped gods of 
money, drugs, and pride. The road is 
hard. Romero once said that perhaps 
only one in a hundred who have 
attended his program will really end 

up changing his life. 

Even if a participant gets turned 
around at Bittersweet, often upon 
leaving he would just return to the 
same environment that had been the 
source of his problems in the past. 
Various men whom I met were even 
"green-lighted," meaning that they 
were targeted by another gang, so it 
would be unsafe for them to return 
to their communities. Therefore, 
Romero has sought relocation as a 
solution. He has sent various men 
out of L.A. to other Church of the 
Brethren contacts in the country, so 
that these men may truly start their 
lives anew and not spiral back down 
to the conditions that put them in the 
home in the first place. 

1 was not the only visitor whose 
eyes were opened last summer. A 
couple from the Locust Grove 
Church of the Brethren in Maryland 
visited in early |une. and then an 
entire work group from Pleasant 
Dale Church of the Brethren in 
Decatur, Ind., came a week before 
Annual Conference in Long Beach to 
do renovations on the church. 

That week I accompanied them 
down to see Shalom, a children's 

May 1998 Messenger 21 

Ryan Hirschy, Denny Leyse, Joel Ulrich. and a Centra Infantit Shalom 
pastoral leader take turns digging out a latrine in a valley on the outskirts of 
Tijuana, where the poorest of the poor live. This valley is being considered 
for a second Centra Infantil Shalom facility. 

center across the border in Tijuana, 
Mexico, where Romero visits period- 
ically and brings food and clothes. 
There we performed various volun- 
teer tasks for families in the area who 
had children related to the program. 
We visited a local landfill and the 
people who lived there. They had the 
lowest living standards that 1 have 
ever seen and ever thought possible. 

1 also helped lead the youth pro- 
gram at Annual Conference down to 
Shalom on Saturday for an enrap- 
tured and eye-opening international 
work project experience. Various 
people from Pleasant Dale are now 
contributing directly to children at the 
Shalom center, and one of the offer- 
ings at this summer's National Youth 
Conference will be going to Shalom. 

Bittersweet Home is expected to 
soon become a Brethren Volunteer 
Service project. 

Romero has worked with Com- 
paneros en Ministerio (Partners in 
Ministry) for the past few years, form- 
ing relationships and bonds of 
communication with various churches 
such as Pleasant Dale across the coun- 

22 Messenger May 1998 

The Bittersweet Home 
was started by Romero 

and the Bella Vista 
church around twelve 

years ago, and since 

then a thousand men 

have walked through 

its doors. 

try. Romero has also toured the coun- 
try, visiting churches, high schools, 
and camps in an effort to share with 
others awareness of the gang and drug 
lifestyles that exist all around him. 

The Church of the Brethren some- 
times appears to be a "monocultural" 
denomination. Romero's involve- 
ment in East L.A. and Tijuana, as 

Joel Ulrich and Elias Ocejuera, a 1 7- 
year-old pastor at Centra Infantil 
Shalom, discuss the logistics of 
painting the front of this woman's 
house. At left is Terry Shuinaker. 
pastor of Pleasant Dale Church of the 

well as our other inner-city or inter- 
cultural churches across the nation, 
offers a huge resource and opportu- 
nity not to be missed by the larger 

One of Romero's most exhilarating 
sermons that summer focused on 
every one of us needing to continu- 
ally try to break out of our "comfort 
zones" in our spiritual walk with 
God and in the world. I for one had 
achieved that, sometimes painfully, 
this summer. The experience has 
been without question the hardest 
and most rewarding experience that I 
have ever had. And my "rite of pas- 
sage" had been correctly predicted 
by Romero. My parents were more 
than surprised upon my return home 
with a wonderful buzz-cut hair job 
from Mark, my bunkmate at the ijn 
Bittersweet Home. i '-i 

JOL'I Ulrich is a soplwmore at Macalester 
College. St. Paul. Minn., studying international 
political development and Latin American 
studies. Originally from York Center Church of 
the Brethren in Lombard. III., he plans to study 
in Quito. Ecuador in the fall. 

Holy impatience 

William Sloane Coffin's message to US churches 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

A Passion for the Possible: A Mes- 
sage to US Churches. Westminster/ 
John Knox Press. Louisville. Ky. 
1993. 88 pages. 

Brethren like good preaching and 
appreciate the prophetic voice 
directed at the unenlightened. We'll 
see how much we like that voice 
directed at us when William Sloane 
Coffin, former pastor of New York's 
Riverside Church and former presi- 
dent of Peace Action, steps into the 
pulpit on Friday night of this year's 
Annual Conference in Orlando. 

He might make us squirm. 

Not only does Coffin keep pushing 
churches to the forefront of the great 
political and social battles of today, 
like economic disparity and homo- 
phobia, he also reminds his 
audiences that the struggles of yes- 
terday — over the environment, 
nuclear arsenals, and racism — are 
still unresolved. For those who are 
feeling pretty good about a strong 
economy, the end of the cold war, 
and a relatively progressive adminis- 
tration in Washington, Coffin may be 

But he's right. And the message 
that the church is uniquely well-posi- 
tioned to advance the cause of justice 
should give new energy to the tired 
and hope to the timid. "It is time we 
stop retreating from the giant social 
issues of the day into the pygmy 
world of private piety," Coffin writes 
in his 1 993 book, A Passion for the 
Possible: A Message to U. S. 
Churches. "I believe the religious 
community has the saving vision." 

And if we don't quite have it. 
Coffin helps us get it. "The primary 

William Sloane Coffin 

religious task these days is to try to 
think straight," he writes. "Seeing 
clearly is more important even than 
good behavior, for redemptive action 
is born of vision." 

And then in nine short essays 
Coffin outlines his views and his 
challenge to churches on subjects 
including war, the environment, 
race, sexism, homophobia, and abor- 
tion. Though few will agree with all 
his points. Coffin's work challenges 
Christians to know their own views 
on all these subjects so they can 
"think straight" too. 

Not that straight. On the issue of 
homophobia. Coffin equates it with 
bigotry, on a par with racism and 
sexism. He is accustomed to hearing 
pleas for "patience" with churches, 
for it will take time for them to 
accept homosexuality. But, he 
answers, when homes, schools, and 
churches turn their backs on gay and 
lesbian people and the problems and 
discrimination they often must 
endure, churches should exercise 
"holy impatience." 

What about the Bible? "In abol- 
ishing slavery and in ordaining 

women we've gone beyond biblical 
literalism," he writes. "It's time we 
did the same with gays and lesbians. 
The problem is not how to reconcile 
homosexuality with scriptural pas- 
sages that condemn it, but rather 
how to reconcile the rejection and 
punishment of homosexuals with the 
love of Christ." 

In his chapter "Beyond War," 
Brethren will find much to com- 
mend. Recounting the economic and 
spiritual devastation of the cold war, 
he urges peacemakers to begin a new 
abolition movement aimed at nuclear 
weapons. And along with its 
weapons, the US should give up the 
pride and prestige that accompany 
them. "Churches should see that it is 
our pride-swollen faces that close up 
our eyes, that no nation is well 
served by illusions of its righteous- 

With less pride and power, this 
nation will realize that it has sin in 
common with other nations. "As with 
individuals, so with nations, their 
salvation lies not in being sinless but 
in believing that there is more mercy 
in God than sin in us." Coffin urges 
preemptive "humanitarian interven- 
tion" to stop wars before they start, 
and adds, "Mediation must become 
the order of the day." 

In an epilogue he calls "A Word to 
Preachers," Coffin gives some hint of 
how he may preach to the Brethren. 
In the face of injustice, pastors 
cannot remain silent, but "we should 
challenge people kindly." 

"If we who are preachers want our 
people to lend us their ears, we must 
first give them our hearts," he writes. 
"And if we do, then because of our love 
for them we shall never be afraid to 
put at risk their love for us." 


May 1998 Messenger 23 

BY Kenneth L. Gibble 

Some years back a survey on 
religious beliefs in the heart- 
land of America was taken. 
One of the questions on the survey 
dealt with belief in the resurrection 
of lesus. Some gave as an answer an 
emphatic "yes," some gave an 
emphatic "no." But a great many 
answered that, yes, they believed in 
Jesus' resurrection, more or less. 

Is that where you fit in? Are you 
more or less a person of faith? Some- 
one who truly believes and someone 
who just as truly doubts? 

This is nothing new, to live with 
the push and pull that is faith and 
doubt. Thomas was the disciple who 

24 Messenger May 1998 

said he would not believe |esus was 
alive unless he could see with his 
own eyes the nailprints and touch 
with his own fingers the wounds on 
his master's body. Thomas was not 
the first nor the last person who 
sometimes believed and sometimes 
could not believe. Thomas stands for 
everyone caught in a world where 
things are not what they should be, 
often not even what they seem to be. 

You and I know who Thomas is. 
Thomas is ourselves. 

Instead of simply feeling guilty 
about your more-or-less faith, con- 
sider the important role doubt has to 
play in your spiritual life. 

Think of it this way. A very small 
child who accepts without question 

what a parent says does not really 
have faith. Genuine faith can happen 
only after you have experienced dis- 
appointment, when you've lived 
through the pain of broken promises. 
Faith is possible only for people who 
have had their innocence shattered. 
Faith is possible only for those who 
have doubted. 

What are some good things to be 
said for doubt? For one thing, doubt 
requires a certain kind of courage, 
especially when everyone around you 
is a believer. To doubt is to weigh the 
evidence for yourself when you think 
people around you are deluding 
themselves. True faith cannot exist 
when doubt isn't around to ask the 
hard questions. 

B MBmamj aa 

Doubt keeps faith from becoming 
rigid and sterile. If what you beUeve 
Joes unchallenged for a long time, 
/ou have no incentive to learn, to 

There is something else to be said 
for doubt. There are plenty of people 
around perfectly willing to tell you 
ivhat to believe, what to do. Doubt 
keeps you from simply swallowing 
vvhat someone tells you is true. 

Doubt has its place. But doubt also 
tias its limitations. 

In lohn's gospel, when doubting 
Thomas sees the risen Jesus, he 
ixclaims, "My Lord and my God!" 
esus answers: "Have you believed 
Decause you have seen me? Blessed 
are those who have not seen and yet 
liave come to believe." 

■'Seeing is believing" goes the old 
saying. But the account in John's 
gospel disputes the old saying. 
Seeing is not believing. 
' Religious belief is more than allow- 
ng your senses to persuade you, 
more than intellectual assent. I 
Dclieve dinosaurs once roamed the 
;arth, but that belief doesn't affect 
.ny day-to-day e.xistence. I believe 
George Washington crossed the 
Delaware, but that belief doesn't 

change my life. 

Belief in God and in Jesus Christ is 
something different. So is believing 
in the resurrection, whether you 
believe it more or believe it less. This 
kind of believing is, as Frederick 
Buechner has put it (Whistling in the 
Dark, 1988): 

. . . less a position than a 
journey, less a realization 
than a relationship. It does- 
n't leave you cold like 
believing the world is round. 
It stirs your blood like believ- 
ing the world is a miracle. It 
affects who you are and what 
you do with your life like 
believing your house is on 
fire or somebody loves you. 
The real test of faith, after all, is 
not what one believes or doesn't 
believe. The real test of faith is what 
one does. Some have called faith a 
leap. You're hanging out a third- 
story window with the room behind 
you on fire. Down below a man holds 
out his arms. "Jump, I'll catch you," 
he says. You can believe with all your 
heart he will indeed catch you. You 
can even say it, "I believe you will 
catch me." But if you never jump, 
you are no better off than if you 

don't believe at all. Faith is the jump. 

There are some good things to be 
said for doubt. But in the end, doubt 
by itself isn't enough. Anybody can 
play it safe. It doesn't take much 
character to stand on the sidelines 
and be cynical about everything. 
Maybe one of the reasons people opt 
for doubt over faith is that doubt 
doesn't cost them anything. Faith 
requires not only thought but effort. 
Faith in Christ, in fact, demands 
everything of you — your heart, your 
mind, your life. 

But that faith doesn't simply 
demand everything. It g/Ves every- 
thing. It gives your life purpose and 
meaning. It gives you joy even when 
sorrow comes your way. It gives you 
a peace the world cannot give nor 
can it take away. 

This is what Christian faith really 
is — not so much something we 
choose to believe, but a gift. It's the 
grace to trust that the leap of life is 
not into a void — that, in the end, our 
lives are securely embraced by the 
everlasting arms of a loving God. 


Kenneth L. Gibble. pastor of the Chambers- 
burg (Pa.) Church of the Brethren, has been 
pastoring and writing, more or less, for the past 
30 years. 


Detestable Anabaptists! 

Ordained Brethren minister Lee Krahenbiihl took a posi- 
tion teaching theater and communications at Calvin 
College in Michigan several years ago. Calvin is a Christ- 
ian Reformed Church college, and as a reformed 
institution it requires all tenure-track faculty to pledge 
they will adhere to the "Forms of Subscription." The 
rForms of Subscription" is made up of three historic con- 
essions including the Belgic Confession. 

Lee told the college administration that Brethren don't 
sign oaths, believing that an agreement between Christians 
does not need the force of an oath to legitimate it. Let 
your yea be yea and your nay be nay. But he was doubly 

opposed to signing the "Forms of Subscription" when he 
read in Article 34 of the Belgic Confession that the Church 
"deplores the heinous error of the detestable Anabaptists." 
Lee went home and complained to his wife that this oath 
would seriously complicate his social life. "If I sign it, I'll 
have to hate myself!" 

Fortunately, Lee was not martyred by the reformers like 
many 16th-century Anabaptists. In fact, he's been teaching 
at Calvin on a part-time basis ever since. — Julie Career 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submissions to 
Mr.ssEycER. Brethren Press. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at ffarrar_gb((j 

May 1998 Messenger 25 



Far from losing its ministry in its relocation to 
Richmond, Ind., Bethany has rediscovered its 
mission to train people for service in the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Bethany made a good move 

I'll introduce myself by saying I'm a 
lifelong member of the Lititz Church 
of the Brethren, Lititz, Pa., and I had 
the privilege of serving on the 
Bethany Theological Seminary Board 
of Trustees in the late 80s and early 
90s. Furthermore, I served on the 
Relocation Committee when the 
decision was made to leave the Oak 
Brook campus. I'm responding to the 
articles in the March Messenger, 
"Remembering Bethany's Oak Brook 
Campus," "Ode to Old Bethany," 
and "The World Needs Brethren." 

In the early 1990s Bethany found 
itself in a financial crisis directly 
impacted by the cost of maintaining 
the property in Oak Brook. Bethany 
had not achieved the size anticipated 
by the expansively designed campus. 
Because the campus had been 
designed for a seminary almost three 
times the size of Bethany, the build- 
ings could not be maintained. They 
had deteriorated in ways noticeable 
to visitors and disconcerting to the 
Board of Trustees. The vision that 
built the campus was expansive, but 
the expansion of the Church of the 
Brethren drew to a close at the time 
the seminary opened in Oak Brook. 

The Board of Trustees agonized 
over the decision to sell the property 
and relocate the seminary. Indeed, 
the board's agony delayed action 
long enough that the sale may have 
been more difficult than if they had 
chosen to act more quickly. 

Although the trustees would like to 
have had the buildings upgraded for 
further use, no financially viable con- 
tract was ever presented to Bethany 
or its representatives that would have 

26 Messenger May 1998 

continued the use of the buildings. 
Some type of commercial develop- 
ment would be required. Now, 
fortunately, the land is sold. It will be 
developed for the benefit of the com- 
munity as assessed by the Lombard 
Village Board. Both the Village Plan 
Commission and the Village Board 
voted unanimously to approve the 
needed zoning for Fountain Square 
of Lombard. As a part of its quality 
design. Fountain Square of Lombard 
will have far more "green space" 
than the village ordinance requires. 

We are very grateful to Dennis 
Stine of The Shaw Company in 
Chicago and Thomas Karaba, 
Bethany's counsel. They stayed with 
Bethany throughout, giving their 
time and expertise to the very com- 
plicated sale of the property. Both 
gave Bethany much more than the 
contracted time. 

Far from losing its ministry in its 
relocation to Richmond, Ind., 
Bethany has rediscovered its mission 
to train people for service in the 
Church of the Brethren. Bethany's 
partnership with the church has 
grounded its ministry training in 
Brethren congregations of all sizes 
and perspectives. Bethany's partner- 
ship with the Earlham School of 
Religion has promoted an effective 
ecumenical dialog that has strength- 
ened the Brethren identity of 
Bethany. Bethany's partnership with 
area seminaries in Indiana and Penn- 
sylvania allows its students to attend 
classes in various theological semi- 

While joining Mr. Cassel, Mr. 
Brown, and Mrs. Weber in remem- 
bering fondly Bethany's past, we 
celebrate Bethany's current educa- 

tional program. It is educationally 
effective, financially viable, and 
embodies the heritage of the Church 
of the Brethren. 

Henry H. Gibbel 
Lititz, Pa. 

Generous helpings 

The Chiques Church of the Brethren 
of Manheim, Pa., is to be com- 
mended for generosity in giving away 
holiday dinners (see "Tons of 
turkey," Messenger, March 1998). 
However, I am puzzled by some of 
the details. 

The report said 1 1,073 pounds of 
turkey were used for 850 meals. That 
would be 13 pounds of turkey for 
each meal. After eating that much 
turkey, would there be any room left 
for one of the 850 pies? 

Melvin Holt 
Bloomington, III. 

Old friends 

We have been subscribers to the 
Messenger for many years through 
our Brethren churches. Middle Dis- 
trict at Tipp City, Ohio, and West 
Charleston, Troy, Ohio, then back 
again to the Middle District Church 
of the Brethren. We helped build the 
Troy, Ohio, Brethren church and 
spent 25 years going there. My wife, 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them in 
the same spirit with which differing opinions are expressed 
in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief concise, and respectfid of the 
opiynom of others. Preference u given to letters that respond 
directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We ivill not consider any letter that comes to us 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, th, 
writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dundee 
Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

dith Rose, spent 25 years of her life 
It the new church as a Sunday 
School teacher. We still belong to the 
Middle District Church of the 
Brethren at Tipp City. 

We were married April 19, 1932, 
oined Middle District church in 
November 1933, when we were 
isked to come forward and live a 
setter life. Now we have been mem- 
)ers of the Brethren 65 years, and 
'ery proud of it. 

Now we are happy to say that on 
\pril 19 we are celebrating 56 years 
:)f marriage together. That contract 
;aid till death do you part from this 
ife together. We are now living in 
Sreenville, Ohio, at the Brethren's 
4ome, which is a very nice and 
jretty place to spend till death do us 

If we make it to our birthdays this 
'ear we will be very happy. We are 
Doth lune bugs. I will be 90 on |une 
50 and my good partner Edith Rose 
vill be 84. You must work together 

is a good team. 

Laurel D. Rose 
Greenville. Ohio 

Brethren caught napping 

\ccording to Wendy McFadden (See 
'From the publisher." March 1998), 
here are barely enough Brethren left 
o justify a Brethren publishing 
louse. The church is withering. 
[Compare this to a century ago when 
t was remarked that it wasn't clear 
vhich would take over the country 
'irst, the Dunkards or the starlings. 

Why does a branch wither? 
Because it has been separated from 
he vine. For a church, life comes 
Tom the vine in the form of the Holy 

Gymnasiums, air conditioning, 
studies in feminist theologies, the 
atest program initiatives, and so on 
ivill do nothing but bleed the church 
iry and dissipate its remaining 

strength. Until we become filled with 
the Spirit, nothing will change for 
the better. 

At one time we were the salt of the 
earth. We stood for some things, and 
stood against other things, and we 
knew what those things were. What's 
more we weren't much scared about 
what the world thought about it. 

On page 1 6 of the March issue we 
see a cartoon drawn by a 10-year-old 
boy. "Yada yada yada," says the min- 
ister, and the Brethren doze. The 
Messenger then asks for "other short 
colorful and humorous stories of 
real-life incidents involving 
Brethren." The "real-life incident" 
here is not the cartoon but the 
Brethren caught in the act. and there 

is nothing humorous about it. 

It is time to awake from our slum- 
ber. There is no power on earth that 
can hold back a church full of Spirit- 
filled believers. 

James D. Kessler 
Hershey. Pa. 

Indiana geography lesson 

In the March issue of Messenger, on 
page 16, in two different instances 
you show the Elkhart Valley Church 
of the Brethren as being located in 
Elkhart. Ind. This church is not 
located in Elkhart, it isn't even close. 
I don't know exactly how many miles 
it is, but it is located several miles 
south of Elkhart, and I think just a 
bit east. The Elkhart City Church of 

Make plans now to attend the 

Messenger Dinner 

at Annual Conference 

Sights y sounds y 
& stones from 
southern Sudan 

\\x\yl, 1998, Orlando, Florida 

David R. Raddiff, directorof Brethren Witness, 
delivers a multimedia report from the recent delegation 
visit to Sudan. Learn about the inspiring faith of 
Sudanese Christians and the new Brethren efforts to 
build a Partnership for Peace. 

For dinner tickets, call the Annual Conference 
office at (800) 323-8039 or order from advance packet 
order form. Tickets also available in Orlando at Annual 
Conference ticket sales. 

May 1998 Messenger 27 

the Brethren is, of course, located in 
Elishart, but not Ell^hart Valley. 

How do 1 know all this? Because at 
one time or another, each of these 
congregations was my parents" home 
church. You see, I was born at 
Elkhart, and when 1 was three, or 
thereabout, my parents moved to the 
vicinity of Elkhart Valley. 

Several years ago, when Dean 
Heisey was pastor at Elkhart Valley, 
my wife and I visited him there. So 
you see, I'm familiar with the loca- 
tion of Elkhart Valley. 

Don Snyder 
Waynesboro. Va. 

Editor's note: We asked Frank- 

Ramirez, pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren, to help us 
with this matter. He writes back: 

The Elkhart Valley Church of the 
Brethren is located in Dunlap. an 
unincorporated part of Elkhart 
County, and depending on what road 
you take, is less than two miles from 
the city limits of Elkhart. The post 
office has given us an Elkhart mailing 
address, and that's close enough, lit- 
erally, for government work. 

My previous church, the Ladera 
Church of the Brethren, was located 
in Ladera Heights, an unincorporated 
part of Los yAngeles County. It had a 
Los Angeles mailing address. When 
people asked me where I was from I 

Cx)yn& home to JViapic Terrace. 

There's no place like home. And there's no place like Maple Terrace, 
a unique independent living facility opening in early 1999. 

Maple Terrace at Bridgewater Retirement Community will feature 
28 spacious apartments and the amenities you need, including a 
community center with large dining room, wellness 
center with spa, reading and craft rooms, beauty -^ '"^ ■ ^ ' 
and barber shop, and more. All in a safe, secure 

For more information, including a 
free color brochure, call Karen McNeal 
at 800 419-9129 or 540 828-2550. 
Come home to Maple Terrace. 


Opening Early 1999 


Bridgewater, Virginia 

said L.A. Now when they ask me 
where I live I say Elkhart. 

The matter reminds me of the 
scholar who spent his whole life prov- 
ing the Iliad ami the Odyssey were 
not written by Homer, but by another 
Greek with the same name! 

School of the Americas Watch 




Reading the article "Speaking out for 
those already silenced," which 
appeared in the lanuary/Eebruary 
Messenger, causes one to reflect how 
murder or genocide perpetrated 
against any living person is uncon- 
scionable and unchristian. 

The manner in which the School of 
the Americas Watch was able to plan, 
organize, and promulgate a demon- 
stration against the School of the 
Americas by an estimated 2,500 per- 
sons at Fort Benning, which 
climaxed with the trespass of 601 
protesters into Fort Benning, was 
quite impressive. It made me think of i' 
what a powerful statement and wit- 
ness as to the sanctity of life an 
action of that caliber can make. 

But if the School of the Americas 
must be held accountable for the 
actions of some who attended it, 
should not medical schools. Planned 
Parenthood, and the National Orga- 
nization for Women, who train or 
endorse people who perform abor- 
tions, be viewed in the same light? 
Has the School of the Americas 
Watch ever taken actions against 
those who murder unborn babies? 

lack Kruppenbach 
New Holland. Pa. 

A life of prayer 

Thank you for printing David Wine's 
excellent piece in the January/Febru- 
ary Messenger on how he is doing 
with his vow to spend an hour a day, 
a day a month, and a week a year in 
prayer. What a wise decision he has 

28 Messenger May 1998 

nade! For me, fesus" relationship 
vith God was indispensable to how 
^e lived, for I believe His actions 
md power flowed from this. Thus 
hould it be for us. As David said, 
alking about God is so different 
jrom knowing God. 

Recently I decided to take seriously 
lie commandment to love God first, 
^hich for me would start with daily 
prayer and meditation. However, I 
^ften found at the end of the day that 
asks and interruptions had had their 
vay with me. But I was determined. 
Ay solution has been to pray during 
he night, when I can easily lay aside 
he soap opera of my life and just 
njoy God for about an hour. Every 
light 1 wake naturally between 3 and 
■ a.m., sit up straight in bed, and 
;ome to God with a surrendered 
leart. Then it's back to sleep and 
weeter dreams. 

I can testify to all the results of 
iving a life of prayer that David 
isted. They come quickly, too. It 
eems true that if we take one step 
oward God, He rushes to meet us. 
n addition, if we truly give ourselves 
o God and try to trust Him com- 
iletely, great and subtle changes take 


Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting" Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger to Joel 
Kauffniann. i 1 1 Carter Road, Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one lime use. 
SW for second strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 


Community Church of the Brethren 
111 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602) 357-981 1 

Sunday Services 10:15 AM 

Glendale Church of the Brethren 
7238 N. 61st Avenue 
Glendale, AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 
Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602)955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 857 16 (520)327-5106 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

TO RE.^^^^N Neotral. 

rVE Just beem 


place in our lives. Right now I rejoice 
at being shown tny hidden faults. 
And it seems that once shown, they 
are taken away with little or no effort 
on my part. Such is the love of our 
True Parent! Intention is key, I think, 
and when we really want to know, it 
is not withheld from us. I pray for 
God to keep purifying my heart and 
intention. Learning to know God has 
changed my life. 

Christine Dull 

Englewood. Ohio 

Lower Miami Church of the Brethren 

Celebrate ethnic diversity 

Upon receiving the January/February 
issue of the Messenger, we were 
surprised to see no mention was 
made of the recent Martin Luther 
King, |r. Day celebration, nor was 
there any mention of February being 

designated as Black History Month. 

Black History Month is dedicated 
to recognizing the achievements and 
contributions that African Americans 
have made to world history. 
Although many Black Americans 
regard this designation as a social 
paradox, it does serve to zero in on 
the positive influences of a people 
who still feel plagued by racism and 
conditional citizenship. 

Although the Church of the 
Brethren is of German ancestry, it 
still has many diverse congregations. 
In the future would it be possible for 
ethnic recognition such as "Black 
History Month"? 

Mary E. Jackson 

Harbor City. Calif., and 

Imperial Heights Church of the Brethren, 

Los .Angeles, Calif 


Messenger is available on tape lor people who are visual!}' impaired. 
Each double cassette issue contains all articles, letters, and the editorial. 

MESsENGER-on-Tape. is a service of volunteers for the Church and Persons with Disabilities 
Network (CPDN), a task group of the Association of Brethren Caregivers (ABC). 

Recommended donation is $10 (if you return the tapes to be recycled) 
or $25 (if you keep the tapes.) 

To receive MESSENCER-on-Tape, please sendj/our name, address, phone number, and check 
payable to ABC to: Association of Brethren Caregivers. 1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120 

May 1998 Messenger 29 


Note: Congregations are asked 
lo submit only tlie names of 
actual new members of the 
denomination. Do not 
include names of people 
who have merely transferred 
their membership from 
another Church of the 
Brethren congregation. 

Agape, Fort Wayne, Ind.: Neil 
and Vicki Groves. Arny 
iVIiller-Colburn, Greg 
Gause. Melissa Thomas, 
Kathy Barnhart, David 

Ankeny, Iowa: Connie Burk- 
holdcr, Lorcn Snyder, Terry 
and Marcy Davis, |eff 

Arcadia, Ind.: Candace Chase, 
Amber Beard, Stephanie 
Beard, lean Barker 

Black Rock, Hanover. Pa.: 
Terry Nowlin, lane Wilson, 
Anita Yanavitch. Greg 
Shaffer, lason Werner. 
Brian Wildasin. Becky Fouts 

Brandts, St. Thomas, Pa.: Ale.\ 
and lennifer Goods, Carey 
Grove, Allison Heckman. 
lenae Mummert, Bob and 
Shari Ommert, Ashton 
Price, lane Rhodes, |oni 
Stanton, Rachel Stanton 

Bridgcwater, Va.: Leanne 
Alley, Anthony Copper, 

David and Susan Huffman, 
Sarah Huffman, Kim Miller 

Briery Branch, Dayton, Va.: 
Bill Pirece, Michele Pirece, 
Lanna Strawderman, Lorie 
Anderson, Donna Huffman, 
Ashley Auville, Brandon 
Cowens, loel Cosner, Quin- 
ton Long, Sonya Milstead, 
Tyler Milstead, Christy 
Teter, Richard Pope, Ronald 
Guthrie, LaVerne Guthrie 

Buffalo Valley, Milllinburg, 
Pa.:Mike Kingston, Darlene 
Kingston, Angela Dye, Matt 
Dye, Tabitha Allen, Robert 
Fiske, Abigail Mullany 

Central, Roanoke, Va.: Lynn 
Owens. Robert and Ruth 
Corekin, Clinton Haith 

Chambersburg, Pa.: Lewis and 
Doris Fritz, Mike and 
Brenda Winklbauer, Terry 
and Doris Clopper 

Dupont, Ohio: Rod Roehrle, 
Teresa Roehrle. Brittni 
Roehrle, lennifer Roehrle, 
Andrea Webb, Erica Elkins, 
Brian Ladd, Mark Wise, 
Travis Rankin. Curtis Rayle 

Eastwood, Akron. Ohio: 
Theodore Holt, Adrianne 
Holt, Shasta Staten 

Green Tree, Oaks, Pa.: Anne- 
Dominique Haas, Lloyd and 
Esther Zieglcr, Carol- loyce 
Anton. Zoe Smith, Ed and 
Donna Brown, |ason and 
|eff Brown, Caitlin Clark, 
David Guzik, Bryan 

O'Neill, Brad Keller. Ian 
and Nicholas Bryan, 
Shaner-Etzler family, 
Maggie Randall, Sam and 
Sue Tubiello 

La Place, 111.: Lois Walden 

Midland, Va.: Isaac Beahm, 
David Ralliff, Kanda Ratliff, 
Carrie Carroll. Irene 
Frazier, Chester and 
Christina Stoltzfus 

Moorefield, West Virginia: 
Lilli Steele, Michelle Lynn 
Phares. Mark Landon 
Phares, Cassandra Michael 
Steele, Richard )ames Ket- 
terman |r., Michael Harold 
High |r. 

Myerstown, Pa.: Earl and 
Shirley Brandt, Suzanne 
Kiguru, Nancy Yonkcr. 
William and )anet Post, 
Mark Bomberger, Scott 
Bomberger, Michelle 
Dohner. Braden Brubaker 

Myerstown, Pa.: William and 
loanne Muth 

Pleasant Dale, Decatur, Ind.: 
Ed and Cherie Gage, Rachel 

Ross, Mendon, Ohio: 

Sallyanne Calvert. Karen 

University Park, Hyattsville. 
Md.: Robert and Roberta 

Waynesboro, Va.: David Isbell, 
Wanda Isbell, Ray Banas. 
Pat Banas, Ricky Mundy, 
Lindsay Snider, Buddy 

Decker, Pam Decker, Angel 

Welty, Smithburg, Md.: lanet 

Hess. Michael Hurley 
Yellow Creek, Goshen, Ind.: 

Phil Sechrist 
Zion Hill, Columbiana, Ohio: 

Tina Simpson, Ashley Lynn 



Appleby. Theodore and Geor- 

getta. Harrisburg, Pa., 50 
Bane, William and Velma, 

Burlington, W. Va., 50 
Bather, lohn and Wanda. 

Elgin, 111., 50 
Bixler, R. Russell and Norma, 

Pittsburgh. Pa.. 50 
Brechbill, Roy and Anna, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 60 
Bricker, Andy and Gail, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 60 
Carpentier, lesse and Virginia, 

Brightwood, Va., 50 
Carter, lohn and Phyllis, 

Goshen. Ind., 50 
Cheek, Calvin and Hilda. 

Richmond, Ind.. 60 
Chewning, lames and Clau- 

dine, Roanoke, Va., 50 
Cullen, lohn and Mae, Stevens 

Point, Wis., 60 
D'Amico, Rev. lames and 

Grace, Greensburg, Pa., 50 
Deardorff, Duane and Marie, 

Lake Odessa, Mich., 50 
Deardorff, Duane and Marie, 

Lake Odessa, Mich., 50 
DeSeelhorst, Earl and 

Dorothy, Modesto, Calif., 61 
Diehl, Robert and Charlotte, 

Uniontown, Pa., 50 
Diehl, Robert and Charlotte. 

Farmington, Pa., 50 
Dixon, Randolph and Ervel, 

Brightwood, Va., 50 
Dodd, Lewis and Marjorie, 

Bowie Md., 50 
Dodson, Milton and Christine. 

Bassett. Va., 50 
Dolph, Ed and loyce, Ply- 
mouth, Ind.. 50 
Early, Walter and lean, Har- 
risonburg, Va., 50 
Eaust, Emerson and Joan, 

Greensburg, Pa., 50 
Fike, Wade and Grace, Union- 
town, Pa., 60 
Eirestine, Earl and Ruth, 

Myerstown, Pa., 50 
Flora, Edgar and Frances, 

Bridgewater, Va., 50 
France, Cecil and Genoa, 

Bassett. Va., 55 
Cinder, Elam and Ruth, 

Lancaster. Pa.. 60 
Graf, Willard and Doris. 

McMillan. Mich., 50 
Gray, Al and Louise, Berea 

Ohio, 50 
Guengerich, Carles and 

Paulin. Ontario, Calif., 55 
Gugelman, Ralph and Wilma. 

Fort Wayne, ind., 60 
Hall, AiTios and Doris, 

Bassett, Va., 50 
Halt, Elmer and loyce. North 

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meets for workshop & support in n.e. area of Cincin- 
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30 Messenger May 1998 

Salisbury Community Church of the Brethren, a 

new and growing fellowship in Salisbury .\ID. invites 
Brethren moving into or vacationing in the Salisbur)', 
Ocean City, MD. area to worship with us. We are will- 
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contact: Salisbury CoB, RO. ho\ 2001, Salisbury MD. 
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date will have teaching strength in a reasonable selection 
of the following: MIS/AIS, managerial finance, invest 
ments, microeconomics, and production management. 
Also helpful: ability to cover some middle-level account- 
ing courses such as Intermediate and Cost. Skill in 
developmental advising and building mentoring rela- 
tionships with students required. Teaching experience 
or personal educational background in liberal arts set 
ting strongly preferred, as is some practical experience 
in the nonacademic business world. Institution is a pri 
vate liberal arts college with a tradition in accounting 
and CPA preparation, located in forward-looking small 
towm with strong diversified economic base. Ph.D. 
encouraged; M.Acc. or MBA required. Send curriculum 
vitae, transcripts, and three reference letters to Dr 
Steven Gustafson, Provost, McPherson College, McPher- 
son, Kansas 67460. Application materials submitted by 
May 1, 1998, will receive full consideration. 

Liberty, Ind., 50 
larmon, Henry and Louise, Roanoke, 

Va., 55 
(arsh, Ellis and Helen, Bridgewater, 

Va., 50 
(endricks, Merle and Evelyn, Tecum- 

seh, Mich.. 50 
[endricks, Merle and Evelyn, Tecum- 

seh, Mich.. 30 
luffman, Earson and Lois, Roanoke, 

Va., 65 
^auffman, Floyd and Thelma, New 

Paris, Ind., 50 
ancaster, Robert and Alice, Wichita, 

Kan., 50 
ineweaver, Carl and Ruth, Mt. Craw- 
ford, Va., 55 
lajka, Matthew and Pauline, Union- 
town, Pa., 50 
lartin, Edgar and Fraces, Mercers- 
burg, Pa., 60 
liller, Ammon and Violet. Lake 

Odessa, Mich. 50 
leff, Veloris and LaVerne, Nappanee, 

Ind., 50 
lissley, Harold and Erma, Palmyra, 

Pa., 50 
tverholt, George and Marion, 

Freeport, Mich., 60 
.eeves, George and Hazel, Bassett, Va., 50 
.ichard, Harry and Eva, Port Republic, 

Va., 50 
haffer, Hollis and Rena, Wichita. 

Kan.. 72 
hock, Lawrence and Helen, Defiance, 

Ohio, 60 
mith, William and Meredith. Ligonier, 

Pa , 55 
milh, Ardell and Margaret, Myer- 

stown. Pa., 50 
Inavely, Duane and loyce. Freeport, 

Mich., 50 
navely, Duane and loyce, Freeport. 

Mich.. 50 
tone, Claude and Barbara, Bassett, 

Va., 50 
wisher, Edward and lune. Myerstown. 

Pa.. 50 
Thompson. Clarence and Margaret. 

Independence, Mo., 55 
Jnderwood, Gilbert and Estelle, Bas- 
sett, Va., 50 
Jtz, N. T. and Nellie. Brightwood. Va.. 50 
I'alters, Rev. Robert and Marilyn. 

Phoenix. Ariz.. 60 
Vilkinson, John and Mildred, Dayton, 

Va„ 50 


dlison. lohn T. "lack," 75, Johnstown, 

Pa.. March 2 
Jtland, Claudine C. Mummert, 93, 

Spring Grove, Pa.. Feb. 17 
wnthony, Richard, 80, Quincy, Pa., 

March 4 
irk, Violet, 90, Greenville, Ohio, Feb. 

laker, Bessie Virginia Dorman, 88, 

Rockingham County, Va., Feb. 17 
taker, Willard W., 58.' 

Edinburg. Va., Dec. 30 
latdorf, Robert, 67, 
I Myerstown, Pa., March 2 
taughman, Treva, 100, New Oxford. 

Pa.. May 4. 1997 
teckner, Sarah Lucy. 68. Brodbecks. 

Pa., Feb. 8 
terry. |. Roger, 58, Harrisonburg, Va., 

Ian. 8 
llystone, Harold, C, 69. 

Shelocta. Pa.. Feb. 1 5 
lollinger, Lillian. 91, Ephrata, Pa.. 

Feb. 27 
treidenstine, loseph, 77. Lebanon. Pa.. 

March 12 
tuerkle. Beulah E., 93. 

Holcomb. Kan.. March 2 

Burkholder, Karen. 39, McPherson, 

Kan., March 1 5 
Busch, Lora Lee Fleming, 95, Mount 

lackson, Va,, |an. 3 
Carson, Delbert C, 90, Canton, 111., 

March 9 
Cline, Mary Belle Balser Weaver, 64, 

Fishersville, Va., Dec. 17 
Coffey, lames William Ir., 72, Weyers 

Cave, Va.. Feb. 9 
Combs, Herbert H.. 66. Tipp City. 

Ohio. lune 21 
Corbin, Mary |ane. 73, Harrisonburg, 

Va., Feb. 5 
Cupp, Clarence, 90, Dayton, Va., |an. 18 
Dellinger, Bessie Mae, 69, Woodstock, 

Va., Feb. 25 
Delso, Robert F, 57, lohnstown. Pa., 

Oct. 5 
Detweiler, Zola, 94, 

Bridgewater, Va.. |an. 12 
Dickerson, loe, 90. Fort Wayne. Ind.. 

Ian. 26 
Donovan, Vernon E. Sr.. 57. Edinburg. 

Va.. Dec. 30 
Douglass, Grace, 103, Roanoke, Va,, 

Ian. 31 
Driver, F. Wise, 97, 

Bridgewater. Va.. Feb. 26 
Emiet, Roy. 92. York, Pa., Aug. 23 
Flora, Edith Leonard, 82, Boones Mill, 

Va., Feb. 25 
Follyman, Blanche, 88, Greenville, 

Ohio, Feb. 24 
Freeman, Wendell, 86, 

Uniontown, Pa., Dec. 24 
Fulk, Frederick 1.. 85, 

Myerstown, Pa., Dec. 16 
Fulk, Peggie Louise, 62. Bridgewater, 

Va., Dec. 19 
Galentine, Leona. 83, Hyattsville, Md., 

Ian. 5 
Cinder, Elam, 79, Lancaster, Pa., 

March 20 
Cinder, Dorothy, 78, 

Manheim, Pa., |an. 23 
Clendye, Bessie L.. 83, 

Stuarts Draft, Va., Ian. 23 
Crelner, lohn. 84. 

Elizabethtown. Pa.. March 20 
Halterman, Lena Virginia Smith, 74. 

Broadway, Va., March 4 
Harman, Rena V, 82, Daylon, Va,, 

Dec. 16 
Hawk, Doneth. 82. .Akron. Ohio. Oct. 4 
Heavner, Sarah R.. 94, Moorefield, W, 

Va., Ian. 16 
Hefner, Sarah. Moorefield, 

W. Va., Ian. 18 
Hefner, Helen, Moorefield, 

W. Va., Nov. 24 
Henricks, Stanley T., 79, Peoria, HI.. 

Feb. 2 
Highbarger, |. D., 82, El Dorado, Kan., 

March 4 
Hinegardner, Vada R., 83, Timberville, 

Va.. Dec. 25 
Hosteller, Foster, 81, 

lohnstown, Pa., Feb. 22 
Hostetter, loyce Anna, 63, Winfield, 

Pa., March 10 
Hubbard, Darlene A.. 64, 

Lost City, W Va., Dec. 15 
Huffman, Rayburn, 87, Bridgewater, 

Va., Feb. 10 
Hurst, Ray L., 81, 

Canton, 111., March 1 
Jarrels, Lera B., 86, Port Republic, Va.. 

Dec. 31 
Karper, Paul W., 83. Chambersburg. 

Pa.. Ian. 7 
Keagy, Louis |., 90. Harrisonburg. Va., 

Ian. 26 
Keenen, Luther, 86, 

West Liberty, Ohio. Nov. 26 
Kessler, Donald E.. 75. Tipp City, 

Ohio, lune 21 
King, Mabel, 76, Champion, Pa., lune 

20, 1997 
King, Elmer F. Sr., 90, Champion, Pa., 

Feb. 19 
Kline, Robert Miller Sr.. 62. Broadway. 

Va.. Nov. 17 
Kline, Homer R., 91, LinviUe, Va., April 

18, 1997 
Kline, Goldie Marie Summers, 92, 

Linville, Va,, |an. 18 
Krall, Clarence, 78, 

Myerstown, Pa., Ian. 17 
Kramer, Dorothy, 82, Lima, Ohio, |an. 15 
Kreider, Albert V, 89, Goshen, Ind., 

Dec. 25 
Kulmack, Beulah Houston, 82, Green- 
wood, Del., Feb. 27 
Kuster, Gershon S., 62. 

Montezuma, Va., Feb. 8 
Lambert, Coy, 67, Mount Crawford, 

Va., Feb. 27 
Lamer, D. Bernice, 91, 

Marshalltown, Iowa, Feb. 6 
Lantz, Lois K. Lineweaver, 69, Broad- 
way. Va.. Ian. 12 
Lantz, losephine Wooding, 86. Tim- 
berville. Va.. |an. 31 
Layser, Frances. 66. Myerstown. Pa.. 

March 5 
Lehigh, Roy, 86, Lancaster, Pa., Feb. 14 
Lineweaver, Violet C, 78, Harrisonburg, 

Va„ Dec. 16 
Long, Dorotha 1.. 78, Dayton, Va., |an. 28 
Loughry, F. Glade, 87, Lancaster, Pa., 

March 6 
Ludwig, Olive, 76, Rothsville, Pa,, Feb. 25 
Markey, David L., 79, York, Pa., 

March 15 
Merrifield, Edna, 92, Champaign, 111., 

March 1 3 
Miller, Lester A., 94. Palmyra. Pa.. Feb. 18 
Miller. Virginia Mae. 60. Moorefield, 

W. Va., Feb. 26 
Mills, Barbara K., 51, Harrisonburg, 

Va.. Feb. 11 
Mongold, Odie C, 84, Petersburg, 

W. Va., Feb. 21 
Moore, Dorothy K., 79, Claremont, 

Calif., March 17 
Moreland, Erna, 77, Danville, Ohio, 

March 1 3 
Moyers, Lola Caldwell, 78, Mathias, 

W Va., Ian. 29 
Mumaw. Ethel Mae, 75. Ouicksburg, 

Va., Dec. 18 
Mumbert, Ruth, 78, Port Republic, Va., 

Ian. 31 
Newcomer, Florence Morris, 95, 

Uniontown, Pa., |an. 26 
Nickson, Richard. 85, Cuyahoga Falls, 

Ohio, Feb. 13 
Nolen, Gladvs Y., 87. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. Dec. 22 
Norford, Lena B.. 100. Stuarts Draft. 

Va.. Feb. 26 
Oellig, Cora, 89, New Oxford, Pa.. Feb. 1 
Puffenbarger, Cleda lane, 83, 

Harrisonburg. Va.. Feb. 1 1 
Ridenour, Linda, 61, Smithsburg, Md., 

Feb. 20 
Ross, Pearl. 97. Westerville, Ohio, Ian. 9 
Row, Evelyn Lucille Blose, 88, 

Bridgewater, Va.. Feb. 19 
Royer, Mary, 88, Arcanum, Ohio, Feb. 25 
Runkle, Lovie, 96, New Oxford, Pa., 

Nov. 30 
Seehorn, Merle T. 104, Bridgewater. 

Va., Feb, 5 
Sellers, Mary L., 93. Chambersburg. 

Pa., Dec. 12 
Shaffer, Florence. 79. New Oxford, Pa., 

lune 29 
Shank, lohn H., 82, Harrisonburg, Va., 

Dec. 27 
Shockey, Richard, 69, Waynesboro, Pa., 

Ian. 14 
Shuli, M. Grace, 77. Bridgewater. Va., 

Dec. 22 
Shuman, |ohn. 83, Lebanon, Pa., Feb. 24 

Sinclair, Orlo, 80, Smithville, Ohio, 

Nov. 29 
Slater, lames L., 88, Canton, 111., Feb. 19 
Smith, Avalon, 67, Dayton. Ohio. |an. 30 
Smith, Sterling, 76, Schaefferstown, 

Pa., May 31, 1997 
Stephens, Carl, 90, Wichita, Kan., May 

2, 1997 
Sterner, Goldie, 92, New Oxford, Pa., 

Sept. 2 
Strickler, Stanley S., 87. Roanoke. Va., 

Ian. 20 
Strickler, Feme Elizabeth, 92. New 

Market. Va.. Feb. 6 
Turner, Mary Ellen. 91. Keyser. W Va., 

Feb. 20 
Turner, Mary, Moorefield, W. Va,, 

March 1 
Van Ness, Fred, 83, Wichita, Kan., 

Aug, 26 
Wagoner, Cleo Margerette. 92. 

Chicago. 111.. Ian. 10 
Walker, Mamie. 89. Brodbecks, Pa., 

lune 24 
Walter, Dorothy M., 95, Manchester, 

N, H.. Dec. 27 
Walters, Elbie Thomas, 77, 

Columbiana, Ohio, Ian. 10 
Weaver, Mary, 91, Lititz, Pa., March 8 
Weaver, Arlene, Largo, Fla,, March 7 
Weaver, Elmer, L,, 83, Goshen, Ind., 

May 7, 1997 
Weddell, L. Stanley. 91, Wooster, Ohio, 

Nov. 30 
Weldy, Mary E., 82, Wakarusa, Ind.. 

Feb. 21 
Wetzel, Ester V, 80. Woodstock, Va„ 

Dec. 29 
Whetzel, Goldie C, 85, Bergton, Va., 

Dec. 28 
Wilkins, Mollie V. Funkhouser, 98, 

Mathias, W. Va., Ian. 13 
Wilkins, Mervin D., 62, Mathias, 

W. Va., Feb. 13 
Workman, Harry, 83, Danville, Ohio, 

Ian. 3 


Bitner, Robert L., Aug. 19, Union City, 

S. Ohio 
Heller, lack B., Nov. 15. Locust Grove. 

lohnstown. Pa. 
Longenecker, David L.. Oct. 28. Lititz. Pa. 
Rowe. T\>.7la, Oct. 28, Lititz, Pa.. 
Samland, Vickie, Aug. 1, Prince of 

Peace, Littleton, Colo. 
Williams, Alfred Lyons, Sept. 16, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Pastoral Placements 

Harness, Leah O., from Sandy Creek. 

W. Marva, to Newton, Northern Plains 
Hullihen, lames, from Ten Mile, W, 

Pa., to Sugar Run, Mid, Pa. 


Bennett, Melissa, Feb. 7, Prairie City, 

Benton, Walter T "Skip", Feb, 7, 

Maxwell, Iowa 
Bream, lonathan W., |an. 14, 

Huntsdale, Pa. 
Grove, Lois, Feb. 7, Ivester, Grundy 

Center, Iowa 
Hansen, Philip, Ian. 17. Champaign, 111. 
Hosier, Randy, Oct, 7, Chiques, 

Manheim, Pa. 
Myers, Lois, Oct. 7, Goshen City, 

Goshen, Ind. 
Schildt, Dwane, |an. 14, Pleasant Hill, 

Spring Grove, Pa. 
Schrock, Randy Lee. |an. I 7. Green 

Hill. Westovcr, Md. 
Weyant, lohn S., |an. 14, Shrewsbury. Pa. 

May 1998 Messenger 31 


The meaning of meetings 

At the Association of Brethren Caregivers board meet- 
ing in March, I had been going on and on about some 
item of business when our chair, Bob Cain, suggested 
that the item might need to be tabled since there was no 
consensus. My fellow board member Phil Flory, winking, 
said that was a good idea, because I wouldn't be at the 
next meeting and they could go ahead and pass it without 

It was true. I was finished. With my second three-year 
term on the ABC board coming to an end, this was to be 
my last meeting. During the past six years I have sat 
through many meetings, not only meetings of the full 
board, but also of the finance committee, the executive 
committee, the membership committee, the Homes and 
Older Adult Council. I confess I spent a lot of my time in 
those meetings wondering why I was there. Is this really 
necessary? Did lesus go to meetings? 

I was involved in endless budget discussions, con- 
tributed to numerous five-year plans, and worked on 
mission statements till I was blue. "Wait a minute," I 
protested to lay Gibble, then our executive director, once 
when he started us writing another statement. "We just 
did that last meeting." 

"That was a mission statement," he assured me. "This 
is a vision statement." 

That wasn't the only thing I learned. I learned the 
meaning of AAHA and ABMOAM and AARM and COCM 
(but don't ask me now). I finally learned to find the 
paperwork for agenda item 1 7. 1 .a. 1 before the discus- 
sion on it was over. I learned the fine lines of distinction 
between board roles and staff roles. Whenever I would 
make a pitch for the board to get more involved in the 
exciting work of ABC, like the Bethany Brethren Com- 
munity Center, ministries in Puerto Rico, or the Lafiya 
program, it was explained to me that these are staff 
responsibilities. My interpretation: The staff gets to do 
the fun stuff. 

1 loved serving on the ABC board and will remember 
fondly my time of service there. But not because we 
approved a new logo during my tenure, or adopted a 
wonderful marketing plan, which we did. There was no 
particular budget we approved that I will cherish forever. 
I do remember our party on the riverboat at the Cincin- 
nati Annual Conference, and going out for ice cream 
with friends after a night meeting. We met following 
National Older Adult Conference at Lake lunaluska, and 
I remember the deep sharing my prayer partner and I did 
as we walked around the lake during our devotional time. 
I remember my conversations with Bill Cable and Clyde 

32 Messenger May 1998 

Weaver and foel Thompson, and feel privileged ABC gave 
me the opportunity to meet them before they died. I 
remember kindnesses shown to me by older and wiser 
church members after my occasional brash remarks. I 
remember the charisma of Jay Gibble and the admiration 
I felt watching him lead. I remember, when we worked 
on the end-of-life paper, being inspired by the faith of my 
chaplain colleagues who witness death daily. If they are 
so confident that death is a passing from one life to 
another, then I can be too. 

After six years on the ABC board, and many years on 
many other church boards, I'm just beginning to get it. 
Church business is not about business, it's about rela- 
tionships. The best parts are not the budgets but the 
breaks, not the meetings but the meals. God spread our 
churches far apart so we'd have plenty of time to talk in 
the car on the way to meetings. And God gave us busi- 
ness so we'd have something to talk about until we get 
down to the important things. 

It would be going too far to say that business is merely 
God's pretext for human interaction, but it is surely no 
more than the context and the means by which we live 
our faith. What gets done is not as important as how it 
gets done, and even the process is not as important as the 
people, those involved in decisions and those affected. 
That said, business can be a fine way to do God's work 
and share faith and strengthen relationships. 

It is a joy to watch those who understand this conduct 
business. I have watched church leaders recently call 
meetings to build trust, and shake their heads perplexed 
when trust is broken. I have watched rules bent to help a 
fragile soul, and rules strictly enforced to stop a disaster 
in the making. I've seen a board turn down a request 
gently, and I've seen a proposal rejected in no uncertain 
terms, out of love for those who might not hear the 
answer otherwise. I've witnessed faith and courage 
expressed in budget proposals and even in five-year 
plans. I have yet to see a mission statement lead to salva- 
tion, but maybe someday 1 will. 

The kingdom may be brought nearer by business meet- 
ings, but only if we don't take ourselves too seriously. 
God can get along without our boards. If we must meet, 
we can at least try to stick to God's agenda and not get 
sidetracked with our own plans. We can take breaks and 
have some fun and meet people we didn't know before. 
There is a saying familiar in our Brethren churches, 
"When the service is over the service begins." To that we 
might add a corollary: "When the meeting is over the 
meeting begins." — Fletcher Farrar 

he Brethren Homes of the Atlantic Northeast District, 
Freeaom To Live Your Lire On Your Terms. 

^^ «? 


1 our lire, your dreams, your 
hopes, yoiu' home. These are hre s 
important thmgs. The retu-ement 
communities or the Brethren 
Homes OTier a niU range or hviiig 
accommoclations to suit yiiur hLstyle 
and your needs. All are located in 
the beautitul southeastern regiem 
or Pennsylvania, with easy access 
to major metropolitan areas, 
vacation sights, shopping centers 
and tourist attractions. 

• Pennsylvania Association of Non-Profit 
Homes for tlie Aging (PANPHA) 

• American Association or Homes and 
Services for the Aging (AAHSA) 

\jntu! y of Ccinniitnn'nt 


3001 Lititz Pike 

P.O. Box 5093 

Lancaster, PA 1 7606 

Lebanon \klley 
Brethren Home 

1200 GruLt Street J_L 
Palmyra, PA 17078 

(717) 838-5406 





800 Maple Avenue 
Harleysville, PA 19438 

(215) 256-9501 


212* Annual Conference 

Orlando, Florida June 30 - July 5, 1 998 


SO that \^vocl 
Is not ashamed 
to be called our 

Orange County Convention Center 


William H. Willimon 


Elaine Sollenberger 
Acting Moderator 


Fred Swartz 


William Sloane Coffin 


Donna Forbes Steiner 


Robert Alley 

Presented by 
Bethany Theological Seminary 

' iC ' ^C"^ c^^< 


Your online 
passport to the 
Church of 
the Brethren . . . 

WWW. b ret h re 

Go online at To learn more, write or call 600 323-6039, e5ct. 257. 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Pubiislner: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 



On the cover: The 
new Bethany The- 
ological Seminary 
building in Richmond, Ind., 
shares a peaceful and beauti- 
ful campus with Earlham 
School of Religion. Flower- 
ing trees signal the season for 
another graduation, one of 
many more to come. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 




10 The new Bethany 

Bethany Theological Seminary was on the 
verge of financial collapse when it moved 
from Oak Brook, 111., to Richmond, Ind., 
in 1994. Now it has finally sold the former 
campus and is debt-free, facing the future 
with new confidence. 

14 Advice from church fire victims 

In the first three months of this year, three 
Brethren churches were devastated by fire. 
Now on the road to recovery, the churches 
are eager to tell other churches what they 
did right and wrong, and what your church 
should do. First, check your insurance! 

17 Peace first in southern Sudan 

David Radcliff, director of Brethren 
Witness, led a lanuary delegation to war- 
ravaged southern Sudan. Here he brings 
back a message from Sudanese Christians 
that education and training are just as 
important as food aid. 

22 Ethics of fetal tissue use 

The chair of the Annual Conference study 
committee that last year brought a paper 
recommending approval of medical use of 
fetal tissue explains the ethical pros and 
cons. The paper was voted down last year, 
but the issue won't go away. 

24 Whatever happened to Sunday 

Many Brethren can remember when the 
problem under discussion was how to get 
the hordes who came for Sunday school to 
stay for church. Now Sunday schools are 
mere shadows of their former selves. What 
happened? And what can be done? 

June 1998 Messenger 1 



Last year when cleaning out files I ran across a 10-year-old memo from a col- 
league. In it he was encouraging the General Board's Administrative Council to 
consider the advantages of adding personal computers to the office. 

At that time, the idea of providing a computer for every employee seemed unthink- 
able. Nowadays if a network problem or power failure renders our computers 
unusable, we figure we might as well go home. Almost everything we do in the office 
requires a computer. 

lust a few years ago, the Brethren Press designer was considered a bit demanding 
when he upgraded to an amazing one gigabyte of storage memory. This issue of 
Messenger was designed on a computer with six gigabytes of storage memory. 

Not long ago, all news releases from the General Board were mailed first-class. We 
were limited by budget and time, carefully parceling out both so that releases went 
only to those media most likely to use the news. Now the news goes out every week, 
not only to the news media but to hundreds and hundreds of Brethren individuals 
and organizations. Anyone with e-mail or fax capabilities can keep up to date. 

Some might complain about the negative side of technology — the ubiquitous 
answering machine rather than a human being on the other end of the line, time 
wasted surfing the Net, databases that treat people like data. . . . But the same com- 
plaints that are made about computers today were made about the telephone a 
century ago. Like the telephone, computers are changing the ways people get 

Within the first few months after my family bought a personal computer, we com- 
municated more often with my sister and her family in Papua New Guinea than we 
had the entire dozen or so years that they had lived there. Somehow the speed and 
ease with which we could send letters electronically prompted us to do it much more 

The technology is not just a province of the young. Consider Irene Bittinger, who 
travels the world every day via the Internet (see page 3). My parents, who have more 
time than I do to check the inbox, hear from me several times a week — more often 
than we talk by phone. 

Within two days of the burning of the Manchester Church of the Brethren, a story 
and photos were posted on the Church of the Brethren Web site. Brethren across the 
country wrote in to tell of the poignancy of that connection. 

This summer those visiting the Web site will be able to experience three major con- 
ferences — Annual Conference, National Youth Conference, and the National Older 
Adult Conference — through updates three times a day. Be sure to check it out at Parents will be able to see what their youth are doing in Col- 
orado. And a few weeks later these middle adults can see what their parents are 
doing at Lake |unaluska. 

I don't think we need to fear losing the personal touch. We'll always get together 
in person. (After all, how many times have we voted not to make Annual Conference 
less frequent?) And we'll always communicate on paper. But a community is a com- 
munity, whether it's virtual or in the same room. 

And maybe a virtual community isn't that unusual an idea. I remember reading 
about one in the book of Hebrews. That "cloud of witnesses" stretches back through 
the centuries; today we have one that reaches across the Internet. 

2 Messenger June 1998 

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Printed on recycled paper 



'Mom B; 93, has her own Web site 

■ene Bittinger, assisted by 
er son. Richard, goes out 
nd about with her scooter 
he travels even farther via 
he Internet. 

While most people Irene 
Bittinger's age, and 
many decades younger, 
refuse to have anything to 
do with complicated, high- 
tech computers, she revels 
in using hers. The 93-year- 
old matriarch has a 
Comtrade, a Pentium multi- 
media model, with a 
top-oi'-the-line color 
printer. It sits on a com- 
puter desk near her bed in 
the Woods Health Center at 
the Brethren Hillcrest 
Homes retirement complex 
in La Verne, Calif. 

"The nurses urge Mother 
to get more rest because 
she was staying up nights 
trying to master Windows 
95," said her son, Richard. 
"Although Mother lives in 
the hospital section because 
she needs full-time assis- 
tance, she has her scooter 
and is out and about fairly 
regularly. Her Parkinson's 
tremor makes writing diffi- 
cult, but via e-mail she 

sends letter-perfect copy to 
her family," he added. 

The Bittinger family 
includes four children, ten 
grandchildren, fourteen 
great-grandchildren, and 
one great-great grandchild. 
Her son, Stanley, instigated 
purchase of his mother's 
computer. And loe Vecchio, 
administrative assistant in 
the Southwest Pacific Dis- 
trict office, helped set up 
and now maintains Bit- 
tinger's computer. "Irene 
learned computers very 
quickly. She was sending e- 
mail the first day," he said. 

Recently she made 50 
greeting cards to send to 
people around Hillcrest. 
The last time Richard tele- 
phoned his mother because 
he hadn't heard from her, 
she explained she had spent 
the week writing more sto- 
ries for her Web page, 
"How Wide Is My Valley." 
The page, set up by grand- 
son Steve, features Irene 

and her late husband, 
Desmond's lifetime experi- 
ences. Stanley is working to 
add pictures to her text. 

Bittinger, who is "Mom 
B" to students who 
attended McPherson Col- 
lege during her husband's 
tenure as president, is hon- 
orary chair for the college's 
fundraising campaign. 

"She may use a scooter, 
but she greeted all of us by 
name." marveled college 
alumna, Phyllis Beam, after 
that dinner. And when the 
college's grand dame spoke 
into the microphone, alums 
in attendance from that 
period, 1950-1965, 
remarked, "Forty-plus years 
simply vanished at the 
sound of her voice." 

Irene Bittinger's e-mail 
address is grandma- 
irene(a' Her Web 
page is: http://home.earthlink. 

— Irene S. Reynolds 

Churches challenged with $500 grants 

Every congregation in Atlantic Northeast and Southern Pennsylvania districts has received a 
$500 grant to be used to offer immediate aid to those in need. The grants were made from 
The United Relief Fund (TURF), a fund established in the early 1990s by the two districts as 
a way for some of the money raised from their large annual disaster relief auction to be used 
by congregations for local needs. 

Fifteen to 20 percent of the auction proceeds are sent to TURF for distribution. About 
$270,000 has been used for various projects since the fund was established, said )oe 
Long, TURF chair. Those projects include providing clothing and blankets for the home- 
less, providing transportation to disaster relief projects, and an AIDS ministry. 

June 1998 Mes.senger 3 


Thompsons assist 
in Bangladesh 

Assessing the training 
resources and emergency 
response preparedness of 
various disaster response 
programs witiiin 
Bangladesh was the tasi< 
undertal<.en Feb. 16-26 by 
|an and Roma |o Thomp- 
son, members of 
Community Church of the 
Brethren, Mesa, Ariz. Jan 
Thompson is a former 
director of the General 
Board's refugee/disaster 

The Thompsons and sev- 
eral other consultants 
carried out the assignment 
for Church World Service. 
CWS's involvement in 
Bangladesh is in coopera- 
tion with Actions by 
Churches Together (ACT), 
an organization formed 
several years ago by the 
World Council of Churches, 
Lutheran World Relief, and 
others to try to get all 
response agencies working 

Roma Jo and Jan Thompson. 

Members of the Spring Creek and Haitian cinirchc^ work on 

the sound system prior to a joint worsliip service. 

Brethren getting 

The Haitian Church of the 
Brethren, Brooklyn, N.Y., 
paid a visit to the Spring 
Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Hershey, Pa., on 
World Communion Sunday 
last October. After a three- 
hour bus ride from 
Brooklyn, members of the 
Haitian church joined in 
the worship service and 
love feast. The Haitian 
church's band and choir 
performed, and the visitors 
joined in the feetwashing, 
the meal, and the bread and 
cup communion. Several 
small groups of Spring 
Creek members have trav- 
eled to Brooklyn to worship 
with the Haitian church. 
Along with other Atlantic 
Northeast District 
churches. Spring Creek is 
helping the Haitians with 
funding to purchase a 
larger building to accom- 
modate their rapidly 
growing congregation. 

Economic stations | 
of the cross j 

Sue Wagner Fields of Little] 
Swatara Church of the 
Brethren, Bethel, Pa., par- 
ticipated in an unusual 
Good Friday service in | 
Washington, D. C. She was] 
a reader at one of the "Eco-i 
nomic Stations of the j 

Cross," an interfaith effort 
to focus attention on 
international lending insti- 
tutions and the role these 
organizations play in rela- 
tion to human welfare and 
the health of the environ- 

In a 14-station pilgrimagej 
reminiscent of Jesus' journeji 
to Golgotha, the procession 
moved from one institution 
to another, including the 
White House, each time 
offering statements of con- 
cern and hope interspersed 
with scriptural quotations. I) 
policies made in Washington 
can be changed, "we can 
change the world," said 
Wagner Fields. 

4 Messenger June 1998 

\niazing handbells 

une 20-22 Kendra and 
anelle Flory, daughters of 
noderator-elect Lowell 
"lory, will perform a jazzy 
nterpretation of "Amazing 
jrace," arranged by Kevin 
vlcChesney, at the Area 
iight Regional Conference 
)f the American Guild of 
inglish Handbell Ringers. 
vlcChesney will critique 
heir performance there 
lefore the Florys travel to 
Annual Conference where 
hey will perform the same 

Kendra will also ring a 
landbell solo, "The 
lejoicing," at Annual 
Conference. Kendra, who 
lirects the second through 
ixth grade handbell choir 
or Trinity Lutheran 
Church in McPherson, is a 
ophomore at McPherson 
College. Her sister, 
anelle, is a senior at 
McPherson High School. 

— Irene S. Reynolds 

Jappanee celebrates 
:entennial in July 

rhe Nappanee (Ind.) 
Church of the Brethren 
vill celebrate its centennial 
uly 1 8 and 19. There will 
)e a hog roast on Saturday 
:vening, and on Sunday 
norning Bill Kidwell, 
)astor from 1963 to 1971, 
vill preach at the worship 
ervice. Ruth Angle of the 
Pukey Creek Church of the 
kethren (4 miles east of 
Nappanee) will discuss the 
listory of the congrega- 

Members of the Turkey 
Creek congregation orga- 
lized the first Brethren 

services in Nappanee as 
early as 1877, but Nappa- 
nee was organized as a 
separate congregation in 
(uly 1898. 

VirlJna adults join in 
Faith Quest weekend 

Adults in Virlina District 
have seen evidence of 
increased commitment and 
devotion to the church in 
youth who have partici- 
pated in "Faith Quest" 
weekend events. Wanting a 
life-changing experience 
of their own, 46 adults 
attended "Pilgrimage: A 
Faith Quest for Adults." 
Participants at the March 
event had the opportunity 
"to share and learn with 
others as we journeyed 
together on the road to a 
deeper spirituality and 
commitment," said Doris 
Quarles, associate execu- 
tive. Two similar events 
have been scheduled for 
1999 — one for youth 
(March 12-14) and one 
for adults (March 26-28). 

Expressions of 

Manchester Church of the 
Brethren raised a special 
offering on Sunday, April 
26, in memory of Cesar 
Humberto Lopez, follow- 
ing his brutal assassination 
in El Salvador the week 

Lopez, head of the youth 
and children's ministry for 
Iglesia Bautista Emmanuel, 
was gunned down walking 
to the church offices in 
San Salvador. 

The Manchester Church 
and Iglesia Emmanuel are 

Debbie Roberts, the Brethren campus minister at University 
of La Verne: Stephen Morgan, university president: and 
Beverly Rupel, member of the board of trustees. 

Peace Pole planted at La Verne 

On March 26 a peace pole was "planted" at the Univer- 
sity of La Verne, La Verne, Calif. The pole carries the 
message "May Peace Prevail on Earth" in eight languages. 
Campus organizations sponsored exhibits in the university 
quad pointing to areas of injustice in the world. 

sister parishes. Manches- 
ter youth group members 
Ben Welter and Ambrosia 
Brown, who stayed in the 
home of Cesar Lopez last 
summer when the Man- 
chester church sent a 
special youth mission to its 
sister church, led the con- 
gregation in prayer. 

Congregation members 
David Rogers and Worth 
Weller flew the following 
week to San Salvador to 

carry messages of consola- 
tion and solidarity and to 
represent the congregation 
at Iglesia Bautista 
Emmanuel's May 3 memo- 
rial service for its slain 
youth leader. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren 
we would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos to "In 
Touch." Messe\'cer. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

June 1998 Messenger 5 


The 36-year conflict has seen 
indigenous communities hardest hit. 
targeted for atrocities and 
displacement. Their rights continue 
to be an issue in Guatemala. 

Guatemala bishop murdered 
after war memories released 

The people of Guatemala let their 
voices be heard April 24 after more 
than three decades of fear-induced 
silence. On that day, the Project for 
the Recovery of the Historic Memory 
(or REMHI, as it is known in Span- 
ish) was released in the cathedral in 
Guatemala City. 

The report gathers the testimonies 
of some 5,500 Guatemalans, each of 
whom had seen their lives and the 
lives of their loved ones torn apart in 
a brutal civil war that left over 
150,000 civilians dead, another 
40,000 "disappeared," 200,000 
orphans, and 1 million refugees. The 
Roman Catholic organizers of the 
project hoped that in the retelling of 
their stories, the people would take a 
significant step toward personal and 
community healing and national rec- 

Two days later, a brutal effort was 
made to once again impose a reign 
of silence. |uan Gerardi, auxiliary 
bishop of Guatemala and general 
coordinator for the human rights 
office of the archdiocese — the office 
responsible for REMHI — was mur- 
dered in the doorway of his home by 
an assailant wielding a cement block. 
Even in a nation gripped by common 
crime, robbery has been ruled out as 
a motive. That left but one likely cul- 
prit: those angered by the REMHI 
report. This would include a collu- 
sion of government, economic, and 
military powers that have conspired 
to terrorize and control the country 
for decades. 

Attending the April 24 presenta- 
tion was Brethren Witness director 
David Radcliff. "If it proves true that 
this murder was sanctioned by 
Guatemalan officials," Radcliff com- 
mented the day after the assault, "it 
is an affront to the Christian com- 

munity in Guatemala and to the 
people of Guatemala as a whole. 
This moment in history offers a 
long-awaited occasion for healing 
and reconciliation, as well as for jus- 
tice and peace. Unfortunately, some 
sectors of the nation may do any- 
thing to keep this from coming true, j 

"Let us pray for the people of 
Guatemala that they may have the 
courage to continue on the path they* 
have begun to walk. And we must ! 
also call on our government to pres- 
sure the government of Guatemala to 
thoroughly investigate and vigor- j 
ously prosecute this crime. The | 

long-suffering people of Guatemala j 
deserve no less." 

PrJmeTlme: 'Brethren' sect 
not Church of the Brethren 

Not all "Brethren" are the same, or 
even close. That point was made 
quite evident in a March episode of 
ABC's "PrimeTime Live." 

The broadcast featured a cult 
called "The Brethren." Although 
there are differences among the 
handful of communions worldwide 
that trace their roots back to eight 
men and women who founded the 
Brethren movement in Schwarzenau, 
Germany, in 1708, they are minor 
when those denominations. are com- 
pared to The Brethren cult. 

According to "PrimeTime Live," 
the cult was formed in the mid- 
1970s by lim Roberts, son of an 
evangelical minister. Its members 
often travel to colleges and universi- 
ties in attempts to recruit new 
members. Cult leaders persuade 
members to dissociate themselves 
from their families out of the fear 
that family members may try to 
kidnap or "deprogram" them. 
Members of the cult follow a near- 
transient lifestyle, routinely living in 
low-income housing and garbage- 

6 Messenger June 1998 

licking their food. 

Viewers familiar with the Church 
if the Brethren called "PrimeTime 
Ave" during the program, prompting 
ost Diane Sawyer to clarify on the 
ir that the Church of the Brethren is 

legitimate, well-established denom- 

"We want to make sure that you 
now that Jim Roberts' group, those 
Irethren, have nothing to do with 
hat group, the Church of the 
Irethren," Sawyer said. 

itaff changes at OEPA, BBT, 
Vashington office, Bethany 

.awrence Hoover of Harrisonburg, 
'a., has been retained by the 
Irethren Benefit Trust's Brethren 
'oundation to assist with estate plan- 
ing for the foundation's clients, 
loover, who has worked for the US 
itate Department, is senior partner 
t Hoover, Penrod, Davenport and 
!rist in Harrisonburg. He is a 
lember of Harrisonburg First 
Church of the Brethren. 

He and James Replogle will work 
ut of a newly opened Brethren 
'oundation satellite office in Har- 
isonburg, Va., and can be reached at 
88-3 1 1 -6530. They are sharing 
pace with Ray Click and Faye 
filler, of the General Board's Fund- 
ig staff, who can be reached at 

Loyce Borgmann of Vienna, Va., 
as been named coordinator of the 
!hurch of the Brethren Washington 
)ffice. She is a volunteer, working 
n-site three days a week. Borgmann 
ains Brethren Volunteer Service 
/orkers Heather Nolen and Costa 
Jicolaidis, who will continue their 
srms as legislative assistants. 

Kaysa McAdams retired May 10 as 
usiness manager for Bethany Theo- 
3gical Seminary, following seven 
ears on the Bethany staff. 

McAdams joined the Bethany staff 
in May 1991. Following the move by 
Bethany to Richmond, Ind., in 1994, 
she became director of a business 
office that serves Bethany and Earl- 
ham School of Religion (ESR). She 
also has handled the financial aid 
programs for both seminaries. 

Audrey Osborne of Codorus, Pa., 
has been named program coordina- 
tor for On Earth Peace Assembly, an 
independent Church of the Brethren 
peace and reconciliation ministries 

Osborne, a graduate of Western 
Maryland College, has served as 
Christian education/visitation staff 
for Westminster (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren and as chaplain and assis- 
tant program coordinator for Camp 
Eder, Fairfield, Pa. 

Churches making increasing 
use of computer technology 

A recent survey of computer technol- 
ogy in the local church shows a very 
high level of computer usage, with 
more than half of those users report- 
ing Internet access now or in the 
near future. 

The survey was conducted by the 
Protestant Church-owned Publishers 
Association (PCPA), of which 
Brethren Press is a member. Congre- 
gations surveyed were from 1 1 
denominations, including the Church 
of the Brethren. 

Among congregations of 200 or 
more members, 98 percent have at 
least one computer in their church 
office. Forty-two percent have Internet 
access, and 19 percent expect to have 
Internet access in the near future. 

Seventeen percent of the congrega- 
tions have their own home page on the 
World Wide Web, and 1 3 percent 
expect to create one in the near future. 

Survey respondents said they used 
the Internet for e-mail (41 percent). 

research (22 percent), ordering sup- 
plies and resources (12 percent), and 
receiving denominational informa- 
tion (12 percent). 

Brethren survey participants listed 
the following benefits of having a 
Web site and Internet connection — 
ability to connect directly with 
vendors, access to other members, 
receiving information from the 
denomination, personal responses 
for the pastor, e-mail with college 
students, and sermon information. 

Access to the Internet by PCPA's 
member publishing houses increased 
from 81 percent to 100 percent from 
1996 to 1997. In that year, Web site 
presence increased from 47 to 81 

CPT receives second death 
threat linked to Middle East 

An April 5 death threat recorded on 
the answering machine of Christian 
Peacemaker Teams was similar in 
content and timing to one received in 
January, says CPT. While the more 
recent threat targeted the Chicago 
office, the January message threat- 
ened members of CPT working in 
the West Bank city of Hebron. 

CPT has maintained a violence- 
deterring presence in Hebron since 
June 1995, and works closely with 
both Palestinians and Israeli peace 
groups. The team has periodically 
received verbal and written death 
threats from Israeli settlers, but 
detailed phone threats to the Chicago 
office suggest a new level of inten- 
sity, according to CPT. 

CPT says this latest threat comes 
at a time when Israel is under major 
pressure from Palestinians and the 
international community to imple- 
ment the Oslo Peace accords, which 
call for Israel to turn over additional 
land to the Palestinians. 

Christian Peacemaker Teams is an 

June 1998 Messenger 7 

initiative among Church of the 
Brethren and Mennonite congrega- 
tions and Friends meetings that 
support violence reduction efforts 
around the world. 

Giving to General Board 
down slightly as of May 

Gifts to the General Board's General 
Fund for the first quarter of 1998 
were up from 1997's first quarter, 
but were trailing 1997 by $52,000 in 
early May. 

"1 want to express my sincere 
thanks and appreciation to the con- 
gregations and individuals who 
continue their strong support of the 
vital ministries of the Church of the 
Brethren General Board," said Ken 
Neher, director of funding. "We 
appreciate the confidence and trust 
you place in us to be good stewards 
of your mission and outreach funds." 

White House vigil protests 
School of the Americas 

A vigil was held April 26-28 at the 
White House and at the US Capitol 
to call for closing the School of the 
Americas (SOA). 

The Church of the Brethren Gen- 
eral Board called for the school's 
closing in a luly 1997 resolution. 

Although graduates of the school 
have been linked to the most egre- 
gious human rights violations in this 
hemisphere, the US-operated school, 
located at Fort Benning, Columbus, 
Ga., in )anuary received additional 
funding after approval from a Defense 
Department subcommittee. According 
to the committee's certification 
report, the SOA now meets certain 
conditions that allowed it to receive 
the funding, which stands at $20 mil- 
lion annually. Congress debated 
funding of the school last fall. 

According to the National Council 
of Churches, many problems still 
remain with the school: there is still 
no adequate external oversight of 

curriculum; flaws in past curriculum 
are not fully admitted and, thus, are 
unlikely to be corrected; human 
rights and democratic values remain 
a minimal part of the curriculum; 
there is no objective evaluation of 
SOA graduates. 

Heather Nolen of the Church of 
the Brethren Washington Office cites 
other troubling indicators as well, 
and says that almost 1 50 SOA gradu- 
ates have been linked to human 
rights abuses since Congress debated 
the school last year. 

Brethren send emergency aid 
to victims of Alabama storms 

In the wake of devastating storms in 
Birmingham, Ala., $5,000 has been 
allocated from the Church of the 
Brethren General Board's Emergency 
Disaster Fund. The allocated funds 
will provide two child care volunteers 
for up to two weeks and will allow an 
Emergency Response/ Service Min- 
istries representative to assess 
whether a rebuilding project needs to 
be established. 

Other recent ER/SM efforts 

• the presence of Teresa Matamora, 
a Spanish-speaking disaster worker, in 
Orlando, Fla., to help disaster victims 
contact agencies for help. 

• allocating $2,600 to Catholic 
Charities of Le Center, Minn., to 
help displaced children with trans- 
portation to school. 

• sending 720 school kits to 
McCalla, Ala., for children whose 
school was destroyed by a tornado. 

Church leaders: Halt military, 
start peace in Chiapas 

Over 300 religious leaders from 
throughout the United States have 
signed a statement calling for the 
United States and Mexico to end the 
escalating violence against indigenous 
communities in Chiapas, Mexico. 

The statement was signed on 
behalf of the Church of the Brethren) 
by David Radcliff, director of 
Brethren Witness. It was also signed 
by the top leadership of the National 
Council of Churches. It calls on the 
two governments to address the 
"pattern of tolerance" for paramili- 
tary groups like the one responsible 
for the massacre of 45 Tzotzil Indi- 
ans in Acteal on Dec. 22. 

Since that massacre, the military 
has reportedly stationed an addi- 
tional 5,000 troops in indigenous 
communities in the Chiapas high- 
lands, increasing the current number 
of soldiers there to 40,000. Accord- 
ing to the NCC, between 300 and 
600 people have been killed there as 
a direct result of the military and 
paramilitary since a 1994 ceasefire. 
An estimated 10,000 people from the| 
area have been displaced. 

"We, the undersigned religious 
leaders, call on the governments of 
Mexico and the United States to 
examine official policies that have 
resulted in stalled peace talks and 
repeated explosions of violence in 
Chiapas," reads the letters sent to 
presidents Zedillo and Clinton. "Res- 
olute action is urgently needed to 
demilitarize the conflict and achieve 
a negotiated resolution. Any attempt 
at a military solution in Chiapas will 
only lead to more bloodshed and 
unrest, a loss of credibility for the 
Mexican government, and strained 
US-Mexico relations." 

Brethren lobby on welfare 
reform, church-state relations 

Brethren traveled to Capitol Hill 
twice in late April to speak with leg- 

Stephen Longenecker, professor of 
history and religious history at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College, visited five 
legislative offices to discuss an article 
he wrote opposing the Istook Amend- 
ment, an amendment that, according 
to some, would weaken the balance 

8 Messi,nc;hr June 1998 

iood Ground: Letting the Word Take Root is the name of a 
lew adult curriculum co-published by Brethren Press and 
^aith & Life Press. The two publishers are the creators of 
he Generation Why youth curriculum. 

According to Julie Garber, Brethren Press editor, Good 
Iround is a unique approach to Bible study. "It lets the 
3ible ask most of the questions and lets participants 
itruggle with the answers," Garber said. "When we ask, 
How can I be saved?' the Bible asks, 'Whom will you 
lerve?' When we ask, 'What will happen to me when I 
lie?' the Bible asks, 'What does the Lord require of you?' 
Vhen we ask, 'Whom does God loves best?' the Bible 
isks, 'Who is your neighbor?' Good Ground goes to the 
scriptures for questions, not just answers." 

Known for producing children and youth materials 
;eared toward "active learners," the publishers oi Good 
Iround saw a need for an interactive Sunday school cur- 
iculum for adults, said Wendy McFadden, Brethren Press 
)ublisher. ''Good Ground is created for a broad audience 
ige-wise, but targets those who enjoy using a range of 
earning styles." 

*'^' y^/'-S^rA Participants make connections 
^ jv 'V 'I ) )etween the Word and the world 

GP^^I IIWir^'^'^°"S'^ ^ variety of 
"^{BjL^r^t /activities. Beginning with 
he premise that everyone has equal access to the Bible's 
ruth, all participants, including the leader, use identical 
esources. "These are sessions in which learning happens, 
ather than sessions in which teaching happens," said 
(.en Hawkley, an education staff member for the General 
Conference Mennonite Church, for which Faith & Life 
'ress is the publisher. 
The Good Ground name is inspired by the parable of 

the sower, in which some seed falls on good ground and 
brings forth grain. 

The two fall units of Good Ground will be available in 
lune. Two winter units will be off the press in July, so that 
users will be able to start the Sunday school year with 
four titles to choose from. Over the four-year cycle, 
nearly all books of the Bible will be covered. Each study is 
six sessions long, with two studies offered each quarter. 
To order, contact Brethren Press at 800-441 -3712. 

Church of the Brethren youth groups are receiving a packet of 
resource materials from the General Board's Brethren Wit- 
ness office. Included in the packet is a flier that describes a 
"Turn Down the Heat" initiative, an activity youth can help 
lead in their churches to reduce the amount of carbon diox- 
ide that is emitted daily by automobiles. 

Also included are a "Take the Pledge" flier, which 
describes the campaign that asks youth and adults not to 
fight to kill, and hunger education and action materials. 
For more information, contact Brethren Witness at wit- 
ness_gb(S' or at 800-325-8039. 

A 40-hour course in mediation and conflict resolution is 

offered |uly 27-Aug. 1 by Education for Conflict Resolu- 
tion, Inc., at the Manchester College Union, North 
Manchester, Ind., "Mediating Interpersonal Conflict" 
covers the basics of conflict theory and communication 
skills for conflict resolution, win-win negotiation, and 
community mediation, along with guided practice in the 
mediation process. The training fee is $350. To register, 
contact ECR, Inc. PO. Box 275, North Manchester, IN 
46962, call 219-982-4621 or e-mail: ecri(g' 


)etween church and state, encourag- 
ng government-endorsed prayer and 
■eligion in schools. 

"Annual Conference clearly opposes 
my change in the current interpreta- 
ion of separation of church and state 
[codified in the US Constitution)," 
^ongenecker said. 

The Washington Office organized 
I'isits for three Eastern Mennonite 
University students, including Shelly 
Ungemach, a Church of the Brethren 
Tiember from Palmyra, Pa. The visits 

to three legislative offices were 
intended to encourage support of the 
Agriculture Bill (S.l 150/H.R.2534) 
and co-sponsorship of legislation to 
increase the minimum wage. 

Enactment of the Agriculture Bill 
would use surplus money (ironically 
saved by the federal food stamp pro- 
gram) to restore food stamps to 
approximately 200,000 of the 
900,000 legal immigrants who lost 
them under the new Welfare Law, 
said Heather Nolen of the Washing- 

ton Office. The three students 
expressed concern over the double- 
edged state of welfare reform, which 
moves individuals from welfare into 
work, but often without providing 
them with living wages. 

Washington Office staff are avail- 
able to help any Brethren interested 
in meeting with their members of 
Congress. For more information, 
contact the Washington Office at 
washofc@ or at 202-546- 

June 1998 Messenger 9 






J» . 



A confident new 

After its move and land sale, the Church of the Brethren 
seminary moves forward with partnership education 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

hree weeks before graduation at 
Bethany Theological Seminary, the 
dozen students in Prof. Dan Ulrich's 
advanced seminar on the Gospel of 
John are defending their final papers 
from critiques by their peers. It is a 
diverse group that includes four 
women, two white-haired older men, 
and one African man. All look to be 
over 30 and are bright and serious. 
The situation seems ripe for cut- 
throat academic competition. So I'm 
struck by how kind they are to one 

The discussion is seminary-ish, to 

be sure, with questions like, "In what 
ways does the evangelist recast the 
sign source?" And, "How would you 
apply the Deuteronomy 13 correc- 
tive?" But a visitor picks up signals 
that this study goes beyond intellec- 
tual exercise. "What is the relevance 
for our own faith?" the professor 
interjects. Addressing the student 
who wrote about jesus's miracles, 
the classmate responding to his 
paper concluded, "1 believe you 
believe in miracles yourself." The 
writer acknowledged with a smile, 
"Yes, I do." 

Insiders describe Bethany as a 
"believers" seminary, where faculty 
and administrators make no secret of 
their Christian faith nor apologies 
for it. But it is also a seminary where 
students are encouraged to be "in 
dialogue with the text" to find their 
own answers to their faith questions, 
rather than having answers dictated 
to them. Here it's okay if students 
believe in miracles and okay if they 
don't. Bethany is sometimes accused 
of providing more questions than 
answers. But it points to where 
answers can be found. 

10 Messenger June 1998 

The approach seems to work. Stu- 
dents from many points on the faith 
spectrum are finding an intellectual 
home here. This year there were 98 
students altogether, some of whom 
were part-time. The number of "full- 
time equivalent" students this year 
was 44, about the same as last year, 
though down from the 61 "full-time 
equivalents" enrolled during 1993- 
'94, the seminary's last year in Oak 
Brook, 111. Though there are fewer 
students these days, there are more 
Church of the Brethren students, 
with Brethren making up 95 percent 
of the student body now, but only 70 
percent the year before the move. 

Bethany is now settled after its 
1994 move to Richmond, Ind., where 
it shares a campus with Quaker 
schools, Earlham College and Earl- 
ham School of Religion. The new 
Bethany seems clear about its mis- 
sion. It wants to be the seminary for 
the Church of the Brethren, as 
opposed to a regional ecumenical 
institution or a seminary marketing a 
particular academic specialty. And it 
wants to prepare students to be pas- 
tors, leaving to others specialties like 
sacred music or pure academic pur- 
suits. Now debt-free, the seminary is 
facing the future with renewed confi- 
dence. There are challenges ahead, 
but the Church of the Brethren's 
seminary seems to have weathered its 
latest storm. 

The biggest cause for celebration is 
the $8 million sale, completed April 
13, of its 51 -acre former campus in 
Oak Brook. The sale allows Bethany 
to pay off its 1 993 loan of $4 million 
from Brethren Benefit Trust, plus 
interest on that loan. The sale pro- 
ceeds also pay back the money 
Bethany has borrowed from its own 
endowment fund over the years to 
stay afloat, and it allows payment of 
back property taxes Bethany owed on 
the Oak Brook campus because the 
property had lost its nonprofit 

Of course the sale is a tremendous 
relief for all concerned. Earle W. Fike 
Jr., chair of the board of trustees, 
says it provides "the first real breath- 

ing room" since he came on the 
board 10 years ago. "This is probably 
the first time in 1 5 years that we've 
been fiscally sound." 

But Fike is quick to add: "We need 
to keep telling the church that we're 
not on Easy Street." 

Getting across the dual message 
that yes, the debt is paid, but no, the 
seminary can't get by with less sup- 
port from donors, is one of the 
biggest challenges facing Bethany 
officials now. "If we lose significant 
annual support because the church 

Mow debt-free, 
the seminary 
is facing tlie 
future wjtli 

perceives us as rich, we are headed 
for trouble," said President Eugene 
F. Roop to the board in February. 

The reason the debt payment won't 
have much impact on the operating 
budget right away, Roop explained, 
is that Bethany hasn't been paying 
much on its debt for the past five 
years. The only interest paid before 
the land sale was 4.5 percent on the 
money Bethany borrowed from its 
own endowment. So, while the 
absence of payments during the loan 
period helped Bethany survive a 
tough time, it means there's little 
relief now. 

Keeping a tight lid on spending also 

has kept Bethany sound during the 
transition. Fike gives Roop credit for 
operating the seminary in the black 
for the past four years, adding that 
the president "didn't make any friends 
by his close watch over things." The 
close watch continues. "We will be in 
our present budgetary situation for 
the next five years," Roop told the 
board. "Adequate, but tight." 

Bethany will continue to rely on 
annual giving from Church of the 
Brethren congregations and individ- 
uals for more than half of its annual 
budget. Those gifts have amounted 
to over $800,000 annually in recent 
years, and Roop hopes for no letup 
in generosity. "We anticipate that 
revenue stream to remain steady in 
terms of dollars," Roop told the 
trustees, "and would hope that it will 
grow to keep up with changes in the 
cost of living." 

Earnings from the restored endow- 
ment should help the income stream, 
but only gradually. The seminary 
uses a three-year average of endow- 
ment income to determine its 
operating budget, so this year's boost 
to the principle won't be fully 
reflected in operating income until 
the budget year 2000. 

The endowment is expected to play 
a larger role in the future, however. 
Bethany is a half partner in Fountain 
Square of Lombard, Inc., which bor- 
rowed money to buy the Oak Brook 
property. As Fountain Square gradu- 
ally sells off parcels of the land to a 
planned hotel, condominiums, and 
retail stores, some of the proceeds 
will flow into the endowment fund. 
Bethany expects another $8 million. 
Thus, Roop says cautiously, "we 
have a solid financial basis with a 
sustainable future." 

The seminary has gotten by with the 
help of its friends. It has attracted 
friends by making "partnership" the 
word of the day. There are partner- 
ships everywhere. Bethany has formed 
a partnership with Earlham School of 
Religion, with whom it shares not only 
a campus but faculty and students as 
well, it has formed a partnership with 
the 100 or so area Brethren congrega- 

June 1998 Messenger 11 

tions in the Southern Ohio and 
South/Central Indiana districts. 
These churches regularly take in 
Bethany students for their field educa- 
tion during the second or "middler" 
year. And it has formed a partnership 
with eastern Brethren through its 
Susquehanna Valley Satellite opera- 
tion in Elizabethtown, Pa. 

A key partnership is the Brethren 
Academy for Ministerial Leadership, 
set up last fall and jointly funded by 
Bethany and the General Board's 
Office of Ministry [See "Wanted: A 
new Heart for Ministry," Messenger, 
April 1998.] The academy combined 
non-degree programs that had been 
under a program called the Bethany 
Academy, and the General Board's 
EFSM and TRIM certificate pro- 
grams for training licensed ministers 
who are not able to pursue a gradu- 
ate degree in regular seminary 
classes. Coordinators of the Brethren 
Academy are Harriet and Ron 
Finney, who share one full-time 
position with an office at the semi- 

"Partnerships take time and effort, 
but they also broaden the number of 
people working toward ministry 
training," says Harriet Finney. "The 
best way to go about expansion is to 
form partnerships." 

The Academy sponsors weekend 
"intensive" classes, summer exten- 
sion schools like the one to be held 
this year at Juniata College, and 
week-long class offerings like this 
year's [anuary class on Brethren her- 
itage, which attracted 33 students. 

Possibilities for expanding educa- 
tional opportunities for the church 
are endless. Next fall the Academy 

A workshop led by lean fanzen. 

plans to help train 20 lay leaders in 
"creative church leadership." Con- 
tinuing education for pastors 
through advanced seminars may be 
in the future. The Academy is facili- 
tating grants for educational events 
in Congregational Life Team areas. 

ichard Gardner, the academic 
dean, said the seminary is looking 
for new ways to use computer tech- 
nology to perform "distance 
education," which is what Bethany 
calls taking education to people 
rather than just bringing people to 
the campus. 

"My dream," says Marcia Shetler, 
associate for public relations, "is that 
when people think of developing lay 
leadership and spiritual leadership in 
the church, people will automatically 
think of Bethany." 

Murray Wagner, veteran professor 
of church history, said that some 
seminaries have dropped the non- 
degree education programs that were 
called Bible training schools, as 
Bethany did at one time in order to 
"maintain respectability." But now 

the Brethren Academy, which he 
calls "the old Bible training school 
put together in a new way," is being 
envied and emulated by other semi- 
naries. Besides benefiting the church 
by making educational opportunities 
widely available, it keeps the semi- 
nary in touch with the church. "We 
see a lot of congregations. We get 
into some places we wouldn't other- 
wise visit." 

Developing grassroots educational 
opportunities in cooperation with the 
General Board, churches, and dis- 
tricts has kept the seminary in touch 
with the larger church. But keeping in 
touch with all these partners has also 
been exhausting work for the faculty 
and staff who are involved in constant 
meetings and frequent travel. Presi- 
dent Roop addressed these often 
unseen costs when he outlined for the 
trustees future challenges. 

"Partnership education, like atten- 
tion to community which is so 
important to Brethren, is expensive in 
terms of energy," he said. "While we 
cannot pull back from our partner- 
ships, we must look repeatedly for 
ways in which the partnerships will 
work efficiently as well as effectively." 
Though he didn't propose a specific 
remedy, he said the current faculty 
and staff can't continue to handle all 
the work involved in partnerships. 

Bethany has focused nearly all its 
efforts on ministry education. And 
students like David Miller, 38, are 
what the seminary has to show for it. 
Joining a steady stream of second- 
career students. Miller came from 
Maryland to Bethany after 15 years as 
a computer programmer. He says he 
thinks he experienced a call, though 


Service with a smile 

The signboard in front of our church is sadly in need of 
repair. As a result, one snowy night last winter, someone 
with a sense of humor was able to make some slight 
changes in its wording. When we arrived for worship the 
next day, the board was announcing to the community 
that we were going to have an "Undy" Service. Since we 
do own and operate a daycare center which cares for 

infants as young as six weeks old, it occurred to us that 
the signboard was at least still truthful. For we do have 
both Undy and Sunday services. — MARIL^N Scott 

Marilyn Scolt is pastor of the Naperville (III.) Church of the Brethren. 

Messenger would lilie to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submissions to 
Messenger, Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. It 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at 

12 Messenger June 1998 

Music is an important part of 
Bethany's program. 

Steve Reid leads an "intensive, " a short course open to non-degree students. 

"for me it was more of a gentle nudg- 
ing than a blind flashing light." 

One reason he thinks the call to 
seminary was authentically from God 
is that "it made no sense at the 
time." He was happy in his work, 
had just recently moved, and he and 
his wife had two small children. But 
when his wife, his pastor, and his 
congregation shared in the nudging 
he felt toward seminary. Miller felt 
that the call was confirmed. 

Three years ago the Millers set off 
for Indiana. The transition wasn't 
easy, requiring difficult adjustments 
in household economics. "We had to 
hand things over to God to make this 
work," he said. Miller thrived at 
Bethany, which he found to be an 
exciting place full of ideas and 
energy in its new life. He was elected 
to head student government. 

"The most valuable things I 
learned in seminary were about 
myself," he says. "I learned about the 
value of reflection." He found useful 

a course in constructive theology, 
which taught him how to develop his 
own theology after study. For exam- 
ple, he said, he had always had 
trouble understanding the meaning 
of the cross. So he studied the issue 
and developed a sermon that he 
delivered in chapel, focusing on "the 
ways we face death every day in 
change and letting go." 

Miller said the Bethany experience 
changed him as a person. "My intent 
was to get academic training in how 
to do ministry," he says. "But I 
learned how to be a minister." A few 
weeks before graduation he was 
called to be pastor of the West Rich- 
mond Church of the Brethren in 
Richmond, Va. Noting that he has 
never performed a wedding or a 
funeral. Miller is green but excited. 
He begins his new vocation this 

"We have something special to 
offer," says Murray Wagner, profes- 
sor of church history, "We have a 

communal style of education. We 
practice church." Wagner says 
Bethany is neither evangelical nor 
liberal but has found "a third way." 
That way, he says, is to ask: "How 
does the community together appro- 
priate what the Scriptures are 

Wagner describes Bethany's 
approach as "narrative theology," 
which he defines as "theology as the 
telling of the story." Students are 
taught to find their own story inside 
the larger biblical story. "The story 
changes as life changes. But it is 
always informed by the tradition of 
the God who is ever-faithful." 

The seminary itself is finding its 
place in the biblical story after its 
exodus from Oak Brook and its new 
life with a narrower, more focused 
mission. What Wagner says about 
narrative theology applies to 
Bethany: "We are always on the way. 
On the pilgrimage. In process. p— -, 
The only constant is change." r'^j 

June 1998 Messenger 13 



H — I 

U— — — - 1 

Check your insurance 

and other advice from three congregations 
recovering from fires 

BY Fletcher Farrar 

"We were definitely underinsured." 

— Barry Conn, pastor. Pike Run 
Church of the Brethren, Somerset, Pa., 
destroyed by arson [an. 27, 1998. 
"We were underinsured. And we 
didn't liave enough contents insur- 

— Erin Mattesun, pastor. Faith Church 
of the Brethren, Batavia, III, heavily 
damaged by fire March 2, 1998, 
"We were underinsured on our 
contents. We wish we had done a 
better job on that. We lost our 
entire library." 

— Susan Stern Boyer, pastor, Man- 
chester Church of the Brethren, North 
Manchester, Ind., destroyed by fire Jan. 
7, 1998. 

Though it is a coincidence that 
three Brethren churches expe- 
rienced devastating fires early 
this year, the combination serves to 
put other churches on notice to 
check their preparedness. The three 
congregations that have experienced 
losses are eager to tell their stories 
for the benefit of others. 

Their stories are not all negative, 
to be sure. In each case the pastors 
expressed appreciation for their 
insurance companies, and their will- 
ingness to go beyond the letter of a 
contract to provide repair and heal- 
ing. And each expressed gratitude for 
a general outpouring of love and 
concern. "We have learned that we 
are brothers and sisters to people all 

over this town that we never knew 
before," said Susan Boyer, pastor of 
the North Manchester congregation. 

But if they'd had it to do all over 
again, these churches would have 
done things differently. Their stories: 

Pike Run is a small rural congre- 
gation where 40 to 45 usually 
worship on Sunday. Because 
the building was isolated with no 
close neighbors to check on it, some- 
one was able to approach the church 
and break a window to start the fire, 
leaving footprints in the snow. 
Though two other nearby churches 
had been recently destroyed by fires 
blamed on arson, the congregation 
has no clear idea of what the motive 

14 Messenger June 1998 

might have been. The fire was 
investigated by the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation and 
the Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco and Firearms, but the 
church has so far heard no 
word from those agencies. 

When we asked in April for a 
status report, the building ruins 
had been removed and the 
foundation filled in. Pastor 
Barry Conn said he hoped the g 
church would start construction | 
on a new building this spring. A s 
building committee has prelimi- 1 
nary plans calling for a 
single-story structure that 
would seat 1 50 and include a 
"good-sized" fellowship hall. It 
would be built on the same property 
but farther from the road. 

"They are looking for a contractor 
who will work with volunteer labor," 
Conn said. He said the church is not 
planning to hire an architect. 

Rebuilding is made more difficult 
by the fact that the old building 
wasn't insured for nearly enough to 
pay for the planned replacement, 
which Conn says will cost at least 
$300,000, based on an estimate of 
$50 per square foot. 

Construction costs vary by region, 
but many insurance professionals 
advise estimating construction costs 
at at least $85 per square foot. They 
suggest multiplying the square 
footage of the existing building by 
$85 and insuring for at least that 

Conn declined to disclose the 
amount of Pike Run's insurance set- 
tlement. The church has already 
received a check for 75 percent of 
the total, and will be given the other 
25 percent if the congregation 

Conn said the new building will 
make use of used pews donated by a 
Catholic church, and a donated 
organ, one of 13 used organs offered 
the church. The donations are wel- 
comed particularly because the 
church contents were insured for 
$ 1 3,000, only about half what the 
congregation estimates replacement 
cost to be. "It's little things you 
don't think about," said Conn. "Like 
the pulpit, offering plates, the 

Manchester's stained glass window (opposite) and 
sanctuary were open to the sky following the fire. 

copier, piano, and organ." 

Though the insurance amount was 
low, the church has high praise for 
its insurance company. Brotherhood 
Mutual. "We've been with this com- 
pany for a long time," Conn said. 
"They have been very good to us." 

He said that when the church 
wanted to make donations to each of 
the eight volunteer fire departments 
that responded to the fire, the insur- 
ance company agreed to reimburse 
the church, even though that was not 
included in the policy. Insurance 
reimbursed Conn for his personal 
books that were lost in the fire. And 
the insurance company is paying the 
cost of renting the restaurant where 
worship services are now held. Even 
so, the pastor said, "It is really tough 
to worship in a restaurant." 

Pike Run has already received 
some $70,000 in donated cash, 
mostly from local groups, to help in 
the rebuilding. 


though the fire was in lanuary, 
the burned-out hulk of the 
Manchester Church of the 
Brethren was still standing this 
spring while the congregation waited 
for state certification that asbestos 
had been removed properly before 
demolition could proceed. Despite 
this grim daily reminder of its loss, 
the Manchester church is facing the 
future with confidence. 

That's partly because insurance 
coverage on the building had been 
reviewed not long ago, during the 
process of planning for a $ 1 .6 million 

education wing addition, 
which was less than a third 
finished at the time of the fire. 
Because the total coverage 
amount was adequate for 
replacement cost, insurance 
loss payments from the old 
building should provide a new 
building that meets the needs 
of the congregation. The 300 
to 400 who attend on Sunday 
now meet in Manchester Col- 
lege's 1,300-seat Cordier 
Auditorium, which swallows 
up the grateful worshippers. 
With its insurance settle- 
ment in the bank, the 
congregation has been enthu- 
siastically working through a 
discernment process to "envision" its 
future needs. Though the church had 
been in the midst of a building pro- 
gram already, the fire means that 
now the church may plan anew. "We 
want our building to fit our min- 
istry," said Susan Boyer, pastor. In a 
series of meetings held over two 
months, the congregation wrote a 
statement listing five themes to be 
incorporated into its new building. 
The themes are flexibility, accessibil- 
ity, simplicity, environmental 
responsibility, and beauty. The state- 
ment received strong approval in a 
church council meeting. 

Next is a process for the congrega- 
tion to discern where to build. A 
decision on whether to stay on its 
old site or move to a new one was 
expected by early lune. If the deci- 
sion is to move, another process 
would be launched to pick the site. 
Though insurance on the building 
was adequate, coverage on the con- 
tents is another story. "We're not sure 
what we lost," Boyer said. "We were 
underinsured on our contents." Boyer 
said records were inadequate for the 
books in the library, which was 
destroyed. The music library was 
destroyed too, but at least the sheet 
music had been inventoried recently. 

The building was insured by 
Mutual Aid Association of Abilene, 
Kan., which insures many Brethren 
congregations. Boyer said that while 
the congregation doesn't agree on 
everything, there is near-consensus 
on one thing: "We're extremely glad 

June 1998 Messenger 15 

The intense heat from the Batavia fire wreaked havoc on 
plastic items in Erin Matteson 's second- floor study . . . 

. . . while leaving bulletins and hymnals on a lectern 
near the fire's point of origin virtually unscathed. 

we were insured by Mutual Aid. Tliey 
came right away. They flew in three 
people from Kansas. They talked 
openly and directly with us." 

She said a local priest whose con- 
gregation had experienced a fire 
advised her to hire an arbitrator and 
prepare to do battle with its insur- 
ance firm. "But we felt that we were 
a team with Mutual Aid, rather than 
adversaries," she said. 

Asked what advice she would offer, 
Boyer said fire prevention would be 
the best thing to look at first. And 
make an evacuation plan. Though 
the fire started at night when no one 
was at the building, "we realized 
afterward that our children's Sunday 
school room would have been a fire- 
trap." Finally, she said, check your 
insurance annually. 

And continue to thank God for 
blessings and help that come out of a 
disaster. As just one example of the 
generosity extended to the Manches- 
ter church, the Springfield (Ore.) 
congregation, which had experienced 
a fire some years ago, sent a $500 
Brethren Press gift certificate to help 
the church replenish its suppHes. 
Manchester has designated its spring 
special offering to be divided 
between its fellow fire victims. Pike 
Run and Faith congregations. 


aith Church of the Brethren, 
Batavia, 111., has a new message 
to carry to other churches. 

"Part of our responsibility now is to 
say that insurance is important," said 
Erin Matteson, pastor. "All our 
churches get too much into a mainte- 
nance mode, and important things 
get left by the wayside." 

After the March 2 fire that heavily 
damaged the Batavia sanctuary and 
did lesser damage to other parts of the 
building, the congregation learned 
that it had been insured only for the 
depreciated value of the church, not 
for its replacement cost. How that was 
allowed to happen has been the source 
of consternation for church officials, 
some of whom feel that had the insur- 
ance been explained better they would 
have insured better. "But that's not 
important now," says the pastor, who 
is trying to help the congregation con- 
centrate on the future, not the past. 

The Batavia church was also cov- 
ered by Mutual Aid Association, 
which is working with the small con- 
gregation to come up with a solution. 
In April the church was awaiting a 
proposal from a contractor for what 
repairs would cost using volunteer 
labor, and a price for repair without 
volunteer labor. 

Matteson said the insurance firm 
was planning to evaluate the repair 
proposal to see if it might be feasible 
to go ahead anyway, rather than 
strictly enforcing coverage limits. 
Though a satisfactory result may 
come out of this, clearly all parties 
would be more comfortable had the 

insurance coverage been adequate to 
replace the loss. 

Faith Church is now holding its 
worship services at a funeral home, 
which is providing the space at no 
charge. The temporary arrangement 
only required a half-hour change in 
the regular meeting time. The con- 
gregation has been gratified by many 
donations and kindnesses, including 
letters of encouragement from 
Brethren around the country who 
have had some connection to the 
church over the years, one as long 
ago as the 1920s. 

Like the two other fire-experienced 
pastors, Matteson advises churches 
to look also at their contents cover- 
age, and make sure there is an 
up-to-date inventory. "It's a big job 
to do a full contents inventory," she 
said. "We should have had a better 
file." Some churches may question 
whether they should make a claim on 
items that were donated. "Put it on 
the inventory anyway. Be aware of 
what you have. You can decide what 
to replace later." Matteson, who lost 
about $5,000 in personal items, 
including a laptop computer, sug- 
gests that pastors make sure their 
possessions in the church building 
are covered, as hers were. 

"Reevaluate your insurance," she 
says. "Reevaluate all the time. Every 
time you build a new addition or add 
an elevator or make an improve- r— ^-^ 
ment, reevaluate your insurance." ^' 

16 Messenger June 1998 


In siNitlterii Sudan, there's more to feeding 
the hungry than pnyviding focid 

story and photos by David Rackliff 

Messengkk 17 

Iow can we live in peace when 
our basic needs for food, cloth- 
ing, water go unmet? And how can 
we have these things, until we live in 

Posed by a Christian leader at the 
Kakuma Refugee Camp in northern 
Kenya, these questions sharply sum- 
marized the dilemma faced by 
southern Sudan's war-weary people. 
Driven from their 
homes to 
makeshift com- 
munities within 
and outside the 
country, millions 
of Sudanese 
experience these 
twin truths on a 
daily basis. Vio- 
lent conflicts 
break out over 
things as simple 
as possession of 
the water con- 
tainers so vital to 
carrying water 
from a commu- 
nity's few wells. 
And yet, had the 
people not been 
driven from their 
homes and tradi- 
tional water 
sources by the 
war, these con- 
flicts might not exist. 

These questions also pose a chal- 
lenge for those who wish to stand by 
people in Sudan or people anywhere 
who live on the edge of survival. It is 
one thing to offer the cup of cold 
water in Christ's name, and this bib- 
lical mandate still longs for 
fulfillment. But when a war has 
driven people to places where water 
is scarce, or when sharing these 
scarce resources becomes a flash- 
point for violence between 
competing groups, then the precious 
contents of the cup are more likely to 
be spilt than sipped. What is the 
compassionate Christian response in 

such a setting? Is our good will in 
sharing the cup or the rice or the 
seeds or the heifers enough, or do 
these gifts bring anything but tempo- 
rary relief when other needs for 
peace, security, and assurance of 
equal treatment go unmet? 

These were the questions con- 
fronting a group of five Brethren, 
four from the United States and one 

The Blessed Bakhita Girls School in Narus is an oasis of opportunity and stability 
for 408 girls from across southern Sudan. Girls ' education is vital for the health 
and future of families and communities. 

from Nigeria, during a recent visit to 
southern Sudan. Sponsored by the 
General Board's Global Mission 
Partnerships and Brethren Witness 
offices, the group had come with 
open minds and hearts to experience 
the situation and witness the 
renowned faith of the southern 
Sudanese, to show Christian support 
for them in their suffering, and to 
explore additional means of partner- 
ship with churches there. 

The group was told that the war 
with the government of Sudan was 
the ultimate cause of their misery. 
The northern government has sought 
to impose Islamic law on the nation 

as a whole. It also seeks control of 
resources in the southern part of the 
country, all the while denying the 
south adequate political representa- 
tion or access to economic 
development. And some think simple 
racism is also at work, as the mostly 
Arab north ravages the primarily 
black African south. 

But at every stop along the 

Brethren group's 
10-day journey 
men, women, and 
children, church 
leaders, and laity 
also were desper- 
ately concerned 
for things closer 
at hand. Time 
and time again, 
they sounded a 
plea for aid in 
their daily strug- 
gle to survive. 
The call, how- 
ever, was not for 
bread alone, but 
also for help in 
achieving the 
things that make 
for peace. 

For instance, 
the lustice and 
Peace committee 
at the Kakuma 
Camp is active in 
dealing with intertribal and interper- 
sonal conflict at the sprawling camp, 
home to some 51,000 people, most 
of whom are Sudanese. Conflict 
often erupts at food distribution 
points, and when food supplies run 
low is a time for marauding bands to 
steal food. 

And yet, said one church leader 
active in the peace work, "It is diffi- 
cult to tell a person not to steal when 
they are stealing food to live." 
Another pastor told of apprehending 
a young person who had stolen a 
bicycle, a precious commodity in the 
large camp. When the young man 
explained that he had taken the bike 

18 Messenger June 1998 

lecause he had not eaten in three 
[ays and sought to remedy this situa- 
ion, the pastor kissed him and gave 
lim some of his best food. 

On the whole, however, violence in 
he camp and throughout southern 
iudan has taken on a troubling 
limension, thanks in part to the war 
nd the implements of war sold to 
he combatants from the nations of 
he world. 

"The killing we see now was not 
aking place in the old days. The 
aping and killing of women and 
hildren, the burning of houses, the 
iestruction of grain stores — you did 
lot see this then. There is wide- 
pread social erosion, disrespect for 
he chiefs, recruitment of children 
nto the army. The pattern has now 
hanged. Our weapons have made us 
tiad," lamented chaplain Duku, an 
rticulate young church leader. 

The work of the peace group at 
Cakuma, trained by Brethren partner 
he New Sudan Council of Churches, 
las been increasingly recognized as a 
nodel effort. Indeed, the United 
Nations is seeking to spread their 
pproach to other refugee communi- 
ies. There is also an urgency to their 
I'ork among the teeming masses of 
he camp. "Sometimes it seems that 
he world has become a place where 
veryone is simply looking out for 
hemselves," said Duku. "It is up to 
he church to shine a light to show 
nother way." These Christians are 

Overseeing a school, inaiiitaining a 
clinic, hosting guests, working with 
other Christians — all part of Sister 
Doreen Oyela 's mission in the 
resettlement commimity of New Cush. 

attempting to do just that. 

The Sudanese Women's Voice for 
Peace in the displaced community of 
Narus in southwest Sudan has been 
active in mediating conflicts within 
the church, the family, and the com- 
munity. Said women's leader Flora, 
"Six of us went for seven days of 
training. In the beginning, we didn't 
see how this might work, but now we 

are able to call people together to 
solve community and family prob- 
lems through the church." 

Even here, however, peace work 
does not go unaffected by the 
broader physical situation. ""We 
know that people would be so much 
more receptive to our message if we 
could also give them just a little bit of 
food. You can't convince someone to 
have peace in their heart if that 
person is hungry and also if the 
agent of peace is hungry as well. 
When I have gone to talk about 
peace with another woman," said 
Flora, "she will say to me, 'You leave 
me alone: 1 am suffering with my 
children.'" Indeed, over the past year 
an average of four to five children in 
Narus perished daily from hunger- 
related causes. 

The requests of the community are 
simple: training for a tailoring or 
breadbaking cooperative, some 
emergency food rations for women 
and children in need, resources for a 
peace library, additional training for 
their peace committee. A strong 
sense began to emerge that all these 
are part of what it may take for there 
to be relative health and stability in 
this community. 

An invigorating side trip in Narus 
was to the Blessed Bakhita Girls 
School on the outskirts of the com- 
munity. Home to over 400 primary 
age girls. 100 of whom are orphans, 
the grounds of the school hum with 

(continued on page 20) 


Revive us again 


've done a lot of revival meetings during my years of ministry. Several years ago I was serving in a revival meeting at 

he Blue River Church of the Brethren near Columbia City. Indiana. One evening during the week as five-year-old Elijah 

Creider came into the church narthex with his parents, he inquistively looked up and asked, "Mom, are we having sur- 

'ival again tonight?" 

—Paul W. Bnibaker 

/Iessenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories of real-life incidents involving Ephrata. Fa. 

trethren. Please send your submissions to Messenger. Brethren Press, 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120-1694 
r e-mail to the editor at ffarrar _gb( 

June 1998 Messenger 19 

vitality. Girls soar in the air on 
one end of a pump handle bring- 
ing refreshing water. Others 
head to class, books under their 
arms, chatting and giggling with 
friends. When guests arrive, the 
entire school gathers to sing wel- 
coming songs and Christian 
choruses. We learned that diver- 
sity is the order of the day, as the 
girls speak 24 native languages. 

(Clockwise from top) A troubling 
casualty of the war is the tens of 
thousands of children \]>ho are "unac- 
companied minors " — separated from 
their families. Tlianl<fully, this is not 
the case for young Mary, who lives 
with Iter baby sister and parents in 
Kal<uma Camp. The combination of 
hunger, tribal fighting, and the daily 
struggles of life at the Kakuma 
Refugee Camp are a burden that 
weighs heavily on church leaders. 
Medical care and other basic services 
are minimal or nonexistent in many 
communities. This hospital built to 
serve 70 houses 700. many of whom, 
like this boy occupy a spot in a corri- 
dor. He is kept warm by a blanket 
provided by Church World Service. 

When the school was first 
founded 5 years ago, this 
sometimes led to conflict. Now 
the only scuffles are of the kind 
to be expected in a school set- 
ting. The schoolgrounds feel 
something like an oasis, a place of 
refuge amid a sweltering desert of 
violence and human need. 

This was partly a mirage. "There 
are more girls wanting to enrol! in 
our school, and we don't have ade- 
quate facilities. Our food supply at 
times runs short, and I have to beg 
donors for assistance," lamented 
headmistress Sister Rita. "And a few 
months ago, bombers from the north 
dropped bombs near the village on a 
Sunday. On Monday morning, the 
girls were still so distraught that they 
jumped at any sound. We decided to 
take them into the bush, away from 
the town. We stayed there for a week 
together, doing our lessons and 

singing. We would send back into 
town for supplies." 

In a sense, the way had been paved- 
for these visiting Brethren by an ear- 
lier Brethren visit. Sister Rita 
recalled with fondness that one 
Brethren woman pulled her aside as 
they were parting and said, "We 
didn't come with the intention of 
providing material support, but 1 
remember that in the book of lames 
we are told not to 
pass by a person in 
need saying only 'go 
in peace,' without 
giving them assis- 
tance. Please take 
this small gift." And 
she placed a one hun- 
dred dollar bill in her 

The education of 
girls anywhere in 
Sudan is extremely 
important — and 
often problematic. At 
the group's next stop, 
the 8,000-member 
displaced community 
of New Cush, the 
local Catholic sister 
explained that par- 
ents often keep their 
daughters from 
school after the first 
few grades. "They say it makes the 
girls stubborn," lamented Sister 
Doreen Oyela. "What they mean is 
that the girls may not want to go 
along with the marriage their family 
has arranged, where the daughter 
often goes to the man with the most 
cattle to offer, even if he is elderly. 
But it is women who carry the 
burden for work, community life, 
and the health of their families in 
southern Sudan. Their education is 

And the facts bear this out. While 
three quarters of the world's illiterate, 
are women, when women do have 
access to education, the benefits are 
widespread. Educated mothers 
understand how to care for their 
children, and the children then eat 
better and have better health. Edu- 
cated women tend to have fewer 
children, reducing food demands on 
a strained food system. And literate 

20 Messenger June 1998 

delegation members (from left) Fletcher Farrar. Marty 
iarlow. Heather Nolen. and fames Zoaka focus on a 
<resentation by a Sudanese Christian. Zoaka. from 
;V7V, the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria, brought a 
aluable cross-Africa perspective to the group. His 
resence was made possible by the Global Mission 
Partnership Office. 

k'omen are much more likely to lead 
conomically productive lives, creat- 
ng more options and a better life for 
heir children. 

At New Cush the Brethren visitors 
gain heard a refrain of needs: cloth- 
ng, school supplies, food for the 
hildren and pregnant mothers, 
ools, seeds, and water containers. 
When we had a feeding program for 
he kindergartners," Doreen said, 
we would tell the children to go 
lome at noon. They would tell us 
hat they didn't want to, there was no 
ood at home." 

The monthly ration for a typical 
slew Cush resident is 14 cups of 
orghum flour, half a mug of cooking 
)il, and 2 mugs of lentils. When this 
neager supply is combined with an 
l\ Nino-related drought last season, 
he food situation is extremely tenu- 
)us. It was here that women's group 
nember Deborah told us, "All of my 
;hildren have died, but I have not 
ost my faith in Christ." 

Another woman noted with appre- 
;iation the presence of women in the 
brethren group. "Other visitors have 
ilways been men. You mothers can 
mderstand our situation. You know 
he problems of the women where 
fou live; our problems are the same." 

And it was Rhoda who issued a 
iirect challenge to the visitors. 
'Three other groups came to see us, 
md we have had no reply from them. 

If you are Christians, 
you will not deceive 

Feeding the hungry. 
In some ways it seems 
like such a simple 
matter. And there are 
times, particularly in 
the wake of a natural 
disaster, that simple 
shipments of food aid 
can do the trick. But 
in many other situa- 
tions affecting 
millions of the world's 
people, those who 
would feed the hungry 
need to consider a 
wide array of factors 
that affect whether the 
cup will be sipped or 

fully develop their potential and their 
potential of feeding their families. In 
other places, weapons from the out- 
side make conflicts more deadly, and 
the social disruption much more 
severe, which in turn disrupts food 
security. And for many, there are not 
available channels or skills for deal- 
ing with conflicts that inevitably 
emerge, and people suffer the conse- 
quences by being displaced or having 
food stores ravaged. 

As a denomination, we want to 
assist the hungry people of the world 
in having the food they need to survive 
and flourish. As we are learning in 
Sudan and elsewhere, our shipments 
of seeds and tools and food relief also 
need to be accompanied by an ample 
supply of the things that make for 
peace: conflict resolution training, 
human rights advocacy, and opportu- 

These women from Narus, with their US visitors, are members of the Sudanese 
Women's Voice for Peace, a movement to promote reconciliation on the 
national and community level. They attended a week-long training sponsored 
by the New Sudan Council of Churches. One obstacle to their efforts is the 
hunger of their neighbors, for whom finding food is often more pressing than 
finding peace. 

For many people, there is little or 
no access to the land they need to 
grown their own food: the good land 
has been snapped up by those with 
wealth or by corporations growing 
food for export. Racial and ethnic 
tension keeps large segments of some 
nations from having a decent oppor- 
tunity for economic development. 
Lack of education, especially for 
women, does not allow people to 

nities for education and economic 
development. Together these help 
insure that the cup of cold water can 
be enjoyed as the thirst-quenching, 
gift it was meant to be. 


David Radcliffis director of Brethren Wit- 
ness on the General Board staff. .At the July 2 
Messenger Dinner at Annual Conference Rad- 
cliff will present a program. "Sights, sounds, 
and stories from southern Sudan. " 

June 1998 Messenger 21 

fetal tissue issue 

D, B. Johnson '='1993 Los Angeles Times Syndicate 
Used by permission. 

a cautious approval that 
Conference rejected 

BY James Benedict 

How dare we kill innocent babies 
just to make things a little easier 
for old people?" 

It was not so much a question as 
an accusation. Others at the hearing 
looked expectantly toward me as I 
stood at the podium. I took a deep 
breath. Then I tried once again to 
describe the process by which fetal 
tissue becomes available for trans- 
plantation and its many potential 
uses for recipients of various ages — 
including a case in which fetal tissue 
was transplanted into another fetus 
in iitero. 

The asking and answering of that 
particular question took place last 
year four days before delegates to the 
Annual Conference of the Church of 
the Brethren rejected a position 
paper that expressed cautious and 
limited approval of fetal tissue use in 
the treatment of disease or injury. It 
will be up to the 1998 Annual Con- 
ference Standing Committee to 
recommend what future action, if 
any, should be taken. 

The question about killing babies 
to benefit the elderly did more than 
produce a tense moment. It also 
reflected two features common to 
most arguments against fetal tissue 
use: strong emotion and caricature- 
like perception of the practice of fetal 
tissue procurement and transplanta- 
tion. Current fetal tissue therapy and 
experimentation programs in the US 

Copyright 1998 Christian Century Founda- 
tion. Reprinted by permission from the Feb. 18. 
1998, issue of the Christian Century. 

22 Messenger June 1998 

obtain fetal tissue from legal abor- 
tions under strict National Institutes 
of Health guidelines. These guide- 
lines insist on anonymity between 
donor and recipient (so one cannot 
direct that fetal tissue be donated to 
help a loved one) and forbid payment 
to the woman who makes tissue 
available, thus undercutting what 
might otherwise be strong incentives 
for abortion. 

The guidelines also require that 
signed consent to abort be obtained 
before the option of fetal tissue 
donation is discussed. The goal is to 
keep separate the decision to abort 
and the decision to allow the fetal 
tissue to be used. Indeed, the woinan 
seeking the abortion does not know 
with certainty that her fetal tissue 
will be used, thus limiting the signifi- 
cance of general altruism as an 
incentive to abort. 

Fetal tissue obtained under these 
guidelines is used or may one day be 
used to treat a wide range of condi- 
tions, most notably neural, 
hematological, and endocrine disor- 
ders. The condition which has 
received the most publicity is Parkin- 
son's Syndrome, which commonly 
manifests itself among older persons. 
This has led to the charge that fetal 
tissue use sacrifices the very young 
in order to benefit those who have 
already had a long, full life. Other 
promising uses of fetal tissue, how- 
ever, include the treatment of 
conditions hardly restricted to the 
elderly: diabetes, spinal cord 
damage, and blood diseases. 

In many ways, fetal tissue trans- 

plantation is merely an extension of 
organ donation, which has been 
under way for decades. Instead of 
replacing whole organs, however, 
fetal tissue therapy replaces groups 
of missing or defective cells. Fetal 
tissue has two advantages over tissue 
from adults or even newborns. First, 
fetal cells are relatively undifferenti- 
ated and therefore more versatile in 
their ability to establish residency 
and function normally in a recipient. 
Second, fetal cells are less readily 
recognized as foreign by the recipi- 
ent's immune system and therefore 
are less likely to be rejected. 

Those who favor using fetal tissue 
often concede that elective abortion 
is morally troubling. Some call it a 
sin, or even "murder." But they 
argue that this does not preclude the 
possibility of using the tissue, since 
organs and tissues for transplant typ- 
ically come from tragic events, 
including murder. They claim that 
agreeing to the use of fetal tissue 
does not imply approval of past abor- 
tions or encouragement of future 
abortions, any more than the trans- 
plantation of a heart or kidney 
implies approval of — or encour- 
ages — drunk driving, domestic 
violence or drive-by shootings. 

Yet as opponents to the use of fetal 
tissue are quick to point out, the use 
of tissue from elective abortions dif- 
fers in at least two important ways 
from the common practice of using 
organs and tissues from people who 
have died. First, organs and tissues 
for transplantation from the "post- 
born" tend to become available 

hrough events that are either unin- 
ended or illegal. The primary source 
)f fetal tissue (elective abortion), on 
he other hand, is both intentional 
ind legal. Many opponents to fetal 
issue use believe that without legal 
anctions against elective abortion, 
he widespread, successful use of 
etal tissue to heal will inevitably lead 
o abortions that would not other- 
vise have occurred. 

The second important difference 
)etween fetal tissue use and other 
issue and organ transplantation con- 
:erns the issue of consent. Consent to 
ise hearts, kidneys, corneas, and 
ungs typically comes from the next of 
:in, who may know the donor's own 
eelings or expressed wishes about 
lonation. Further, that next of kin 
vould only in rare cases be responsi- 
ile for the death of the donor. By 
;ontrast, consent for the use of fetal 
issue is made by the woman who has 
equested the abortion. 

Many who favor fetal tissue use in 
jeneral see a problem here. Some 
lave suggested establishing bioethics 
ommittees to offer or deny consent 
)n a case-by-case basis. Others have 
ailed for a policy of presumed con- 
ent, under which the tissue may be 
ollected for use unless the woman 
or in some cases another family 
nember) objects. Still others have 
;xpressed their concern about con- 
ent through semantics, insisting that 
)nly the fetus itself be called the 
donor," or that the tissue be 
eferred to as the woman's "contri- 
lution" but not as her "gift." 

Because of the legality of abortion 
md the knotty problems that arise 
iround the matter of consent, it is 
mpossible to regard fetal tissue use as 
he ethical equivalent of organ and 
issue transplantation from postborn 
lonors. But this does not necessarily 
nean that Christian faith requires us 
o avoid or forbid participation in fetal 
issue experimentation or therapy. 

Those who oppose the use of fetal 
issue tend to ignore how often 
cripture and tradition emphasize 
lealing, even in ways that raise moral 
;oncerns. According to the [ewish 
radition, all but three command- 
nents in the Torah may be violated in 
)rder to save a life (idolatry, adul- 

tery, and murder). Jesus was well 
within this tradition when he violated 
purity and Sabbath law in his own 
ministry of healing. 

Scripture and tradition thus chal- 
lenge arguments against fetal tissue 
use based on the moral questions 
surrounding the issue of consent and 
concerns about appearing to endorse 
the act of abortion. The obligation to 
save and heal takes precedence over 

What remains to be considered are 
the effects that widespread, success- 
ful use of fetal tissue may have on the 
number of subsequent abortions, and 
the degree to which those who rec- 
ommend, transplant or accept fetal 
tissue will be responsible for those 
effects. As long as the guidelines 
require anonymity between donor 
and recipient and prohibit any form 
of compensation for women whose 
fetuses are used, general altruism 
would be the only added incentive 
for women to seek abortions. Most 
who have considered the issue, espe- 
cially women, tend to feel this would 
lead to few additional abortions, if 
any. The physical and emotional 
risks of abortion are simply too great 
to be significantly influenced by the 
idea that one's abortion might possi- 
bly do a stranger some good. 

Still, one cannot deny the possibil- 
ity that a woman might be moved to 
abort by the thought that her abor- 
tion might do someone some good 
through fetal tissue transplantation. 
In this case, the parallel with organ 
and tissue donation from postborn 
donors is apt. There is certainly 
nothing to prevent a would-be mur- 
derer from deciding to go ahead on 
the basis of his knowledge that the 
intended victim has an organ donor 
card. Although both scenarios are 
highly unlikely, neither is completely 
beyond the realm of imagination. 
The point is that the act is not justi- 
fied by the incentive. Those who 
have retrieved, transplanted, or 
received tissues and organs in the 
past are not morally responsible for 
the decision the other person made. 

In the biblical description of the 
entry of suffering and evil into 
human experience (Gen. 3), it is 
made clear that suffering and evil 

become intertwined with the good 
that God has created. All our efforts 
to alleviate one particular form of 
suffering involve the risk of perpetu- 
ating or increasing some other form 
of suffering. This is clearly the case 
when we consider the unfortunate 
symbiotic relationship between elec- 
tive abortion and fetal tissue 

Some Christians may choose to 
suffer or die rather than benefit from 
an act they consider morally repre- 
hensible or risk creating a morally 
insufficient incentive for any future 
abortion. Our tradition of respect for 
individual conscience, grounded in 
New Testament teaching (e.g. Rom. 
14:13ff.), leads us to acknowledge 
the validity of such a perspective. 
Patients must always be informed of 
the intention to use fetal tissue so 
that those who wish may decline it. 

But those who might choose to 
suffer or even die themselves do not 
have the right to require others to 
become unwilling martyrs. In cases 
where no other treatment of equal or 
greater effectiveness is available, and 
the guidelines prohibiting designated 
donations and payment are followed, 
persons may recommend, choose, 
and participate in fetal tissue trans- 
plantation without violating their 
covenant with God or the church. 

We should vigorously pursue the 
research and development of treat- 
ment options that may decrease or 
replace the use of fetal tissue. We 
should renew and continue efforts to 
reduce the number of abortions, 
without regard for how the reduction 
might affect the supply of fetal tissue 
for transplantation. We should hope 
for and work toward a time in which 
the use of tissue from elective abor- 
tions is replaced by other treatments. 
But meanwhile, we must live with 
respect and compassion in this time 
when fetal tissue is the last, best, ' 
or only hope for some. 

lames Benedict is pastor of Union Bridge 
(Md.) Church of the Brethren. He was chair of 
the Annual Conference study committee on 
human genetic engineering and fetal tissue use, 
which was appointed in 1995. In 1995 he 
received a master of sacred theology degree 
from Lutheran Seminary. Gettysburg. Pa., 
where he studied New Testament and end-of- 
life decision mailing. 

June 1998 Messenger 23 

Whatever happened to Sunday school? 

BY D. Eugene Lichty 

What is happening to the Sunday 
school? I reahze that is not the 
current name for it. During my pas- 
toral ministry of more than 25 years 
we tried to change it to the church 
school. But that confused it with 
parochial day schools. Now it seems 
to loosely fall under the topic of 
Christian education, which is so 
inclusive than one must particularize 
it. At least most all of us know what I 
am writing about when I call it the 
Sunday school. 

When 1 was a youth, more than a 
half century ago, in the South Water- 
loo (Iowa) Church of the Brethren, I 
recall a concern discussed frequently 
among our members. It was, "How 
can we convince parents and their 
children who come for Sunday 
school to remain for the church ser- 
vice?" The church register board 
consistently showed a larger atten- 
dance for Sunday school than for the 
worship hour. 

In those days the church was grow- 
ing. Today, when I return to that 
same church, plus an added Christ- 
ian education building, the Sunday 
school attendance will be approxi- 
mately half that of the worship 
service. The same can be observed in 

many of our churches. What has 
happened? With millions of dollars 
spent on educational buildings and 
additions, upgraded curricula, better 
educated teachers, modern audiovi- 
suals, copy machines, and other 
technological goodies, we have 
empty classrooms, smaller classes, 
and decreasing attendance. Along 
with that goes smaller worship atten- 
dance, and a decline in membership 
of the church at large. 

According to Church of the 
Brethren Yearbooks, average Sunday 
school attendance in 1955 was 
1 05.000. By 1 996 it had dropped to 
46,000. Church attendance in the 
same year was 86,000. 1 was unable 
to find church attendance for 1955. 
Our net gain in membership in 1955 
was 2,010. By 1996 we had a net 
loss of 1,310. If this trend continues, 
what will our membership be in 
another 40 years? And what kind of 
a Sunday school will remain? 

How much interest has been 
shown in the Sunday school through 
our official church publication. Mes- 
senger? To get some indication, I 
examined the annual indexes of 1 3 of 
the last 14 years. There is no longer 
an index topic entitled "Sunday 
school." Five of the 13 years 
included a total of 1 1 articles on 

"Christian education." Among these, 
only 3 made reference to the Sunday 
school. Nearly half of the 11 articles 
were in one special issue (May/|une 
1989) lifting up "Christian education 
in the Church of the Brethren." The | 
editor introduced these articles with 
a paragraph above a drawing of the 
tree of knowledge, it is appropriate 
to quote a portion of it: 

"Today we take Christian educa- 
tion for granted — perhaps too much 
so. In the cluster of articles that fol- 
lows, we lift up Christian education 
as an area as worthy of our concern 
and support today as it was 200 
years ago at the Great Conestoga 
Annual Meeting of 1 789." 

lust how concerned have we been? 
For the next seven years there were 
only four articles listed under Christ- 
ian Education. If we invite someone 
to come to "church" does that refer 
to the Sunday school? Most likely 
not. Too often we are even apologetic 
when we speak of the Sunday school 
Why? After all, was not Jesus better 
known as the master teacher rather 
than a great preacher? Even the so- 
called Sermon on the Mount was 
more of a class lecture than a 
sermon. This is not to diminish the 
importance of the worship service. 
Frequently, however, the Sunday 

24 Messenger June 1998 

chool has become a kind of warmup 
ime for the worship service that cus- 
omarily follows. A considerable 
lumber in our Sunday school class 
iave 1 5 to 20 minutes early to robe 
nd practice with the choir, or to 
ake their stations as greeters, 
ishers, deacons, or other duties. 
Vhat would we think if as many 
/orshipers walked out in the middle 
if the sermon to prepare a church 
(inner or some other function 
lunday after Sunday? 
The 1990 Messengers had one 
eference under "Christian educa- 
ion." It reported a national study 
nade by Religious News Service: 
Of all the areas of congregational 
[fe we examined, involvement in an 
ffective Christian education pro- 
:ram has the strongest tie to a 
lerson's growth in faith and to loy- 
Ity to one's congregation and 
lenomination." Does this not speak 
our current condition? At a time 
/hen less than half our membership 


lommunion Bread 101 

t's time to make communion bread. 1 don't know how to 
reate this special holy symbol, so I take my place among 
he seasoned deacon women to participate in and learn 
his time-honored task. 

Who could count the number of times these all-knowing 
/omen have gathered with expectancy to prepare this very 
pecial bread? 

First we prepare the dough. 

"I don't think anyone would mind if we used half & half, 
lo you?"says one. 

"We've used it before, haven't we? And it turned out all 
ight," chimes in another. 

"OK, we'll use half & half." 

Next we mix until the dough "feels right." When it does 
ve sit, pour coffee, and divide the dough among us. We 
legin kneading. When one of the ladies decides its "time," 
ve toss our sacrament-in-progress to the person on our 

The tossing to the left continues. "|ust how long do we 

"Don't we usually go for about an hour?" says one dea- 

"One cookbook says you go 30 minutes," says another. 

"I've read you just knead till it's done," claims yet 

"Sounds to me like you just keep kneading until you've 
un out of gossip," is my contribution. Everyone laughs. 
Ne knead until Lois has to leave for an appointment. 

attends worship on a given Sunday 
and less than one fourth will be in 
Sunday school, and at a time when 
we must "redesign" our church orga- 
nization primarily because reduced 
loyalty is reflected by our giving less 
than 3 percent of our abundant 
incomes to the church, maybe we 
should again give the Sunday school 
its rightful priority. 

How might we do this?lt is not my 
intention here to propose remedies. 
This was done in a 1992 Messenger 
article by Phyllis Carter, which could 
profitably be repeated. It was enti- 
tled, "How to revive your Sunday 
school" (February, p. 22). My inten- 
tion is to raise the concern for 
discussion in Messenger and else- 
where. Why do not our church- 
related colleges and seminary pro- 
vide some therapy for what appears 
to be a sick and maybe dying educa- 
tional arm of the church? How many 
queries have been brought to Annual 
Conference in the past 25 years 

involving the Sunday school? As our 
membership becomes more and more 
biblically illiterate, maybe we need to 
take another look at Bible study in 
the Sunday school. As the number of 
available professional ministers 
decreases, perhaps the Sunday 
school needs to again become the 
forcus for new churches as it did a 
century ago when the first meetings 
were Sunday school classes held in 
homes and country schools, taught 
by lay men and women. 

The current condition of the 
Sunday school seems to me to be a 
significant concern. Hopefully, 
others will come with significant 
remedies or a better substitute nrr- 
for the Sunday school. i'^^* 

D. Eugene Lichty of McPherson. Kaji. was a 
pastor for 25 years in Missouri, Ohio, and Ari- 
zona. He also served as director of development 
for McPherson College, a position from which he 
retired in 1 990. .At press time he was returning 
from a trip to Bangkok. Thailand. 

Time to roll the dough into the special pans and mark 
the pieces. 

"Do we go five ruler widths across and four down? I 
can't remember." 

Now fork poking. I asked if it mattered how many pokes 
per piece or how deep. Apparently this is not a critical 
issue in our congregation. 

"No, it doesn't matter. |ust some." 

How hot should the oven be set to bake this holy symbol 
of Christ's body broken for us? 

"Don't we just bake it in a hot enough oven until it's 

By this time I have to laugh and exclaim, 

"You guys have been making communion bread together 
forever. Yet, you act like you've never made it before! 
Don't you have a recipe or something?" 

The reply was simple... 

"Hazel knew how. We just did what she told us. Now 
that she isn't here, we have to remember it on our own." 

Class dismissed. 

If I'm the next generation of communion bread bakers, 
next time. I'm taking notes! —Marsha Miller Neher 

Marsha .Miller Neher is a new deaconess at the Sunnyslope Church. 
Wenatchee. Wash. She is a registered nurse, mother of three daughters, 
and married lo Ken Neher. director of Funding for the General Board. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submissions to 
Messenger. Brethren Press. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120-1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at ffarrar _gb((!. 

June 1998 Messenger 25 


The Nigerian church wants to be "closest 

of family" with us. They do not want 

to live as abandoned stepchildren. 

Different from other 
churches in Nigeria 

(/;; response to May Messenger arti- 
cles on the 75th anniversary of 
Brethren partnerships in Nigeria.) 

January 1 7 to February 1 7 I was 
part of the 20-member workcamp in 
Nigeria, building a girls dorm for a 
new EYN (Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a 
Nigeria, the Church of the Brethren 
in Nigeria) secondary school near 
Mubi. During our first evening at 
Kano, Mervin Keeney, director of 
Global Ministry Partnerships, shared 
some stories about Albert Helser, 
one of the pioneer missionaries to 

When they began their services in 
Nigeria in 1923, Stover Kulp insisted 
that the mission must include hospi- 
tals and schools. Albert Helser said, 
"No, the focus must be on evange- 
lism. Getting involved in those other 
things would only slow them down." 
So intense was the disagreement that 
eventually Helser left, joining the 
Sudan Interior Mission which 
formed ECWA, the Evangelical 
Church of West Africa. 

Kulp's tradition lives on. Across 75 
years, nearly 500 missionaries have 
worked at helping the Nigerians 
develop a full gospel ministry. 

Karagama Gadzama, egg farmer 
and vice president of EYN, when 
asked if EYN is different, said what 
many are quick to say; "Today EYN 
has been engaged in digging wells 
and offering seedlings to villagers to 
help preserve the water table. They 
have built 18 dispensaries across 
Nigeria and are training workers for 
these." They practice what they call a 
holistic approach to the gospel: the 
whole gospel for the whole person. 

In 1972 the Church of the 
Brethren turned the Nigerian church 
over to the Nigerians. Nigerians hold 
the positions of leadership. We play 
supportive roles. 

At a final celebrative event at the 
close of our workcamp, I sat with 
Toma, Nigerian principal of our min- 
isterial training school at Kulp Bible 
College. I contrasted his role as a 
Nigerian heading our theological 
training school with a wonderful 
American missionary couple from 
another denomination. That white 
man was the head of their denomina- 
tion's Nigerian seminary. Our 
seminary is run by a Nigerian. Toma 
said, "That's the Brethren." 

I told how John and fanet Tubbs, 
our one remaining missionary couple 
in Garkida, have a home which is 
always accessible. Even at mealtime 
they are interrupted by visitors: stu- 
dents, staff of the Mason Technical 
School, visitors passing through. 
Then we went to a long-term mis- 
sionary couple's home for a meal. 
They were gracious hosts. Their 
home was several miles out a dirt 
road, removed from the nearest 
town. There were high walls with 
barbed wire on top, and barking dogs 
and a Nigerian security guard. In 
stark contrast with the open home of 
the Tubbs. Toma said, "That's the 

Ekklesiar Yan'uwa Nigeria is the 
name they have chosen for them- 
selves. I asked some seventh-grade 
students, "What does EYN mean?" 
They said, "Church of the Brethren." 
But Yan'uwa means more than 
"Brethren." It means "children of 
one mother." In Nigeria, a man may 
have several wives. But to be children 
of one mother is to be the closest of 

family. Sometimes when we spoke 
before groups in Nigeria, I intro- 
duced myself as being from EY-USA. 

The Nigerian church wants to be 
"closest of family" with us. They do 
not want to live as abandoned 
stepchildren. They very much want | 
someone to come teach Brethren 
doctrine to all of their new pastors 
who must attend Kulp Bible College. I 
They want a Brethren professor at | 
the Theological College of Northern \ 
Nigeria. They want the closest of ties j 
with us. 

Despite having their schools and 
hospitals taken from them and given • 
to the government and being dirt i 
poor, they remain joyous, faithful, 
committed to being Brethren. Today, 
EYN is one of the fastest growing 
churches in the world. They are dif- 
ferent from other denominations in 
Nigeria: in their focus, in the place- 
ment of power (with Nigerians now 
in full control), and in their approach 
to mission. We should be proud to 
count them as one of us: the closest 
of family. And we should do every- 
thing we can to develop the strongest 
ties possible. 

Wayne Ziinkel 
Elizahethtown, Pa. 

The opinion expye^sed m Letteib are not nete^saitly 
those of the magazine. Readen ihoidd receive them in 
the same spirit with which differing opifiiom are expressed 
in face-to face conversations. 

Letters should be brief concise, arid respectfid of the 
opinions of others. Preference is given to letters that respond 
directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We will not consider any letter that comes to us 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, the 
writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dune 
Ave., Elgin, II 60120. 

26 Messenger June 1998 

dealing with death 

consider Dale Aukerman's article 
n "Living with Dying" [Messenger, 
pril 1998] one of the most signifi- 
ant articles Messenger has carried 
1 many months. Most of us put off 
ealing with death because it is such 
n unknown, and therefore frighten- 
ig. And death brings physical pain, 
et I know death can happen to any 
ne of us at any time. How do 1 deal 
'ith all this? Dale's sharing provides 
nportant and helpful insights into 
lis personal journey. 

It's one thing to say that death is 
le doorway to eternal life; it's quite 
nother discussion to deal on a per- 
Dnal level with one's own death, 
'ith all its dimensions. Most of us 
re not well equipped to do so; we 
learn on the job." 

Through his own search, Dale is 
ble to share some important biblical 
nderstandings of both living and 
ying. Whether or not we agree with 
)ale, 1 applaud him for sharing so 
itimately of his journey, and, 
lereby, pushing me on to reflect 
lore on my journey. Thank you, 
)ale, and Messenger. 

Louise D. Bowman 
Bluemont, Va. 

Vill you hire my friend? 

n answer to your recent advertise- 
lent for pastors in Messenger, 1 am 
leased to share with you about my 
ood friend who fits your require- 
lents perfectly. She has invested 
me, energy, and prayer in her spiri- 
jal growth, and she has been a 
ource of inspiration for others in 
er congregation. She has studied 
le Bible, she has spoken out for jus- 
ice for oppressed peoples, and she 
itegrates spirituality and peacemak- 
ig. She has been a church leader, 
he has worked in church education, 
nd she has a commitment to per- 
onal and spiritual growth. 
In the last two years this friend has 

slowly and carefully discerned God's 
call to enter the ministry, she has 
spent prayerful time to clarify this 
call, and she is now prepared to enter 
the next phase of her preparation. 
My friend fits your advertisement 
perfectly. She has been called by God, 
and she has been called by her con- 
gregation. She is willing to learn, 
grow, and minister to others. One last 
thing: this friend has made a life com- 
mitment to a partner who happens to 
be a woman. This commitment does 
not change all the ways this woman 
fits your call. Can we as a denomina- 
tion afford to lose her gifts? Who are 
we to say that her call from God, 
carefully discerned, cannot be hon- 
ored in this denomination? 

Ineke Way 
St. Louis. Mo. 

Love the unlovable 

In response to the letter from the 
Berkey Church of the Brethren 
deacon board in April's Messenger, 
I would simply like to point out the 
last new commandment that |esus 
gave at the Last Supper: "Love one 

He does not stipulate that we love 
only those who we feel deserve it. He 
meant for us to love even the "unlov- 
able" — the dirty, the poor, the 
homeless, the sick, the homosexual. 1 
say, let God be the judge. And 1 feel 
that he will judge harshly those who 
judge harshly. 

As a Sunday school teacher of chil- 
dren in grades 3 through 5, I feel 
strongly about these issues. What 
about the children in your own 

in Religious Leadership 

With a good plan 

a lot can be accomplished 

IN A WEEK . . . 




Spend less time on campus 

Earn your degree by tal<ing intensive, weei<-long classes wiiile 
completing tine remainder of your course work in tiie comfort of 
your fiome. Classes are offered two weel<s in January and two 
ivee/cs in June. 

Design your own program 

Receive a Doctoral t^inistry degree in Religious Leadersfiip witti 
interdisciplinary areas of study. Select among: 

a Spirituality & Social Transformation in the 
Anglo-Catholic Tradition; 

3 Spiritual Formation and Transformation in 
the Blacl< Church; 

3 Prophetic Christian Life and Thought; 

Q Women in Religious Leadership; 

Q Biblical Interpretation in Ministry Settings. 






1100 Soulli Goodman Streel, Rochester, New York 14620 

June 1998 Messenger 27 



Community Church of the Brethren 
111 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602)357-9811 

Sunday Services 10:15 AM 

Glendale Church of the Brethren 
7238 N. 6 1st Avenue 
Glendale, AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 
Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602)955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 

Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

P O S I T I O lU 


Opportunity to serve the 
Church of the Brethren and 
bu\\6 on your computer 
experience at the same time. 

Looking for someone who 
has experience and curios- 
ity about personal computer 
hardware and software, likes 
people, has a sense of 
humor. Assignment will be 
at the Church of the Brethren 
General Offices in Elgin. III. 

Contact Perry Hudkins in 

information services 


church family? When they reach the 
age of maturity, will you shun them if 
they are homosexual? Will they drift 
away, knowing their church family 
no longer loves them? What would 
lesus do? I believe he would reach 
out to them in love. 

Katie Bryant 

Live Oak Church of the Brethren 

Live Oak. Calif. 

Deacons invited to Dancing 

We read with interest and disap- 
pointment the letter from the deacon 
board of Berkey Church of the 
Brethren in Windber, Pa. Interest 
because they noticed the article in 
Messenger about the Wade On In 
conference last June; disappointment 
that a deacon board could be so anti- 

The deacon board felt Messenger 
should not have carried the article. 
However, more than 200 Church of 
the Brethren congregants attended 
this conference, independent of any 
obligations to Annual Conference or 
the General Board. Such a large 
gathering is surely of interest to the 
Church of the Brethren. This letter is 
to say thank you to Messenger for 
reporting on a significant event in 
the spiritual lives of members of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Finally if members of the deacon 
board at Berkey Church would like to 
know firsthand what they are talking 

about, we invite them to Wichita, 
Kan., for Dancing in the Southwind, 
July 24-26. We would welcome those 
brothers and sisters as Christ has 
welcomed us. 

Patrick O. Fiegenbaum 

Eileen M. Wilsor 

Peace Church of the Brethret. 

Portland, Ore 

Global warming scam 

It is discouraging to see the Brethren] 
leadership wasting resources of time,' 
thought, and energy on a "Chicken 
Little" support of the global warming] 
scam. The minuscule evidence for 
global warming is easily balanced by 
evidence of global cooling, and both 
ideas fade in the light of past temper -i 
ature fluctuation history. The 
scientist who was first successful in 
alerting us to the threat of global 
warming later reversed himself and 
said his calculations were in error 
and global cooling was more likely to 
occur. It was predicted that in a rela- 
tively few years, corn could not be 
grown as far north as Minnesota. 
Instead of a much-ado-about- 
nothing involvement, why not invest 
our resources in combating the very 
real pollution of sex and violence thai 
is destroying families and smothering 
the minds and souls of our replace- 
ment generation? 

Virgil Rose 
Brethren. Mich. 

Q^ Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting" Pontius' Puddle" from Messenger /o 
loel Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. $25 for one 
time use. $10 for second strip in satne issue. $10 for congregations. 

rAooERN cuR^sTl^^^s M^VE A lot tor. 

F0RE6E.ft.R.«. SOFFEREO P.ND C>\tD f 0«. 009, 

— 1 


28 Messenger June 1998 


esus in disguise 

Editor's note: The writer explains 
lat she wrote the following on her 
loiights after reading in a newspaper 
bout a person sentenced to ten years 
I prison.] 

Mother Teresa once commented. 
When you see each person as |esus 
1 disguise, this work is beautiful and 
(tractive because it fills the heart 
'ith great joy and great love." Our 
rayer must be to not only view each 
erson as God views him, but to 
ctually be able to see that person as 
;sus in disguise. If we could view 
le unlovable as a disguised |esus, 

we would love them, forgive them, 
and minister healing to them. We 
would not be fearful of connecting 
with that person. 

The imprint of God is marked on 
every person. It may be buried 
beneath layers of dirt, but it is there. 
It is up to us, through the power of 
the Holy Spirit, to uncover that rare 
and precious treasure. What is at 
stake is the eternal life of a human 
soul — one that bears the imprint of 
our Father. 

Cathy L. Neubauer 

Licensed minister 

Winfield. Md. 

Victory without vulnerability 

We are in a period of travail. As some- 
one has said, "We read the Gospel as 
if we have no money, and we spend as 
if we know no Gospel." 

We have celebrated Christ's "victory 
through vulnerability" that it too soon 
becomes "victory without vulnerabil- 
ity." The cross so easily casts a 
shadow reminiscent of the Crusaders. 

Do we press too vigorously for "by 
right"? What about "He that would 
save his life shall lose it" (John 

Kurtis Friend Naylor 
McPherson. Kan. 


Volunteer opportunities abound 
for the New Windsor Conference 
Center located at the lovely, his- 
toric Brethren Service Center in 
New Windsor, Md. The Center is in 
a peaceful, rural, treed setting with 
the theme of "A quiet place to get 
things done," but is also conve- 
nient to Baltimore & Washington, 
D.C., for ease of travel & sightsee- 
ing opportunities. We need 
volunteer hostesses/hosts to help 
coordinate/provide hospitality & 
conference services to a variety of 
guests. Maturity & detail orienta- 
tion needed along with outgoing 
personality & genuine interest in 
providing excellent customer ser- 
vice. Furnished apartment & meals 
provided during period of service. 
For more info., call or write Hospi- 
tality Coordinator, Box 188, New 
Windsor, MD 21776-0188. (800) 
766-1553 (toll-free). 

Please note: this ad originated by. and 
partially funded, through the generous caring 
of a current volunteer hostess and host. 

Make plans now to attend the 

Messenger Dinner 

at Annual Conference 

Sights y soundsy 
& stories from 
southern Sudan 

]\i\yl. 1998, Orlando, Florida 

David R. Radcliff, directorof Brethren Witness, 
delivers a multimedia report from the recent delegation 
visit to Sudan. Learn about the inspiring faith of 
Sudanese Christians and the new Brethren efforts to 
build a Partnership for Peace. 

For dinner tickets, call the Annual Conference 
office at (800) 323-8039 or order from advance packet 
order form. Tickets also available in Orlando at Annual 
Conference ticket sales. 

June 1998 Messenger 29 

Classified Ads 


Diabetics If you ha\'e Medicare or insurance, you could 
be eligible to receive your diabetic supplies at no cost. 
(Insulin-dependent only.) Call (800) 337-4144. 


News photographers to cover Annual Conference for 
Messenger. Reply to Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, IL 60120 or e-mail fffarrar(5' 


A Cup of Cold Water: Church Services for the World. 
June 18-20, 1998. An interdisciplinary conference spon- 
sored by the Young Center for the Study of Anabaptist 
and Pietist Groups at Elizabethtown College, Eliza- 
bethtown, PA. Speakers include representatives from 
the Brethren, Friends, and Mennonlte traditions. There 
will be a special celebration honoring 50 years of 
Brethren Volunteer Service. Contact: The Young Center, 
(717)361-1470 or 


Cincinnati Church of the Brethren fellowship 

meets for workshop & support in n.e. area of Cincin- 
nati. We welcome others to join us or bring needs to 
our attention. Contact us c/o Cincinnati Friends Meet- 
ing House, 8075 Keller Rd., Indian Hill, OH 45243. Tel. 

Come worship in the Valley of the Sun with Com- 
munity Church of the Brethren at 111 N. Sunvalley 
Blvd., Mesa, AZ 86207. Mail to: 8343 E. Emelita Ave., 
Mesa, AZ 85208. Tel. (602)357-9811. 

Worship with Good Shepherd Church of the 
Brethren, Springfield, MO (in the heart of the Ozarks, 
35 miles from Branson). Address: 1024 East Blaine. 1 
1/2 blocks west of Glenstone, business 65, corner of 
Glenstone and Blaine. Sunday school meets 9:30 am. 
Worship 10:40am. Look for us in the Mennonlte Your 
Way Catalog as a camping facility For more informa- 
tion call the church office: (417)865-3104 or Pastor 
Lorene Moore, (417)862-5-191. 

Salisbury Community Church of the Brethren, a 

new and growing fellowship in Salisbury MD. invites 
Brethren moving into or vacationing in the Salisbury, 
Ocean City, MD. area to worship with us. We are will- 

ing to provide moving assistance (unloading, child care, 
area info.) to persons moving into the area. For info, 
contact: Salisbury CoB, RO. Box 2001, Salisbury, MD. 
21802. Tel. (410) 219-5949 or e-mail NRCain(g) 


Visiting Japan? Why not stay at World Friend- 
ship Center in Hiroshima! Non-profit bed & breakfast 
staffed by BVS couple. Located within walking distance 
to Peace Park. Traditional Japanese style house. Very 
reasonable rates. Sur\'ivor stories and park guides avail- 
able. For more info., call/fax Larry or Alice Petty 
(330)733-2879, or contact WFC directly at: 8-10 Higashi 
Kanon-Machi, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima, Japan 733. Tel. Oil- 
81-082-503-3191. Fax 011-S1-082-503-3179. 

Oberammergau Passion Play and tour of Europe in 
2000. One tour (July 3 1-Aug. 27) is completely filled. 
Reservations now being accepted for June 26-July 17 
and July 17-31, 2000 tours. Tours will include Paris, the 
Swiss Alps, Venice, Vienna, Prague, Beriin, Schwarzenau, 
and many other places. For info., write J. Kenneth Krei- 
der, 1300 Sheaffer Road, Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 

Oberammergau Passion Play year 2000 Bohrer 
tours will be leading three tours to Europe and the pas- 
sion play during the year 2000. (May, July and 
September) Prices will begin at ^2099.00. For infor- 
mation write: Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 5067 Royal 
Meadow Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46217 (317)882-50(37) 
Bradley and Bonnie Bohrer, 283 Parkway Drive, Berea, 
OH 44017 or Matthew and Noelle Bohrer, 1860 Joseph 
Court, Elgin, IL (847)697-2746. 


Director of Pastoral Care. Bridgewater Retirement 
Community is looking for a full-time Director of Pas- 
toral Care. Applicants must have knowledge of, and 
appreciation for. Church of the Brethren beliefs, prac- 
tices, and traditions. A Master of Divinity or similar 
degree, Clinical Pastoral Education, and five or more 
years in pastoral ministry (or equivalent experience) 
are required. Duties include weekly worship services, 
officiating at funeral and memorial services, and spir- 
itual growth activities for residents. Applicants should 
care about older adults and be able to minister to res- 
idents with varied faith traditions. Bridgewater 
Retirement Communitv offers a variety of senior hous- 

ing options on a lovely 46-acre campus in the BlU' 
Ridge Mountains. Located in a historic village in th^ 
beautiful Shenandoah Valley, Bridgewater is only a twc 
hour drive from Washington, D.C. and Richmond 
Virginia. If you are interested in this position, pleasi 
contact Phii Flory at (540)828-2531 or (800)419-9127 

Campus Pastor. Job Description: The Campus Pastoj 
is responsible for planning, supervising and providin: 
leadership in areas of spiritual development, campu 
ministry and Christian faith. She/lie is pastoral and pei 
sonal counselor to students and other members of thij 
college community The Pastor coordinates worshi] 
programs: advises the college on matters of spiritua 
development of students, and serves on committeesj 
organizations and boards related to the religious lifii 
program of the college. Qualifications: Candidates mus 
identify' with and be committed to the traditions of th( 
Church of the Brethren. It is expected that the Campu 
pastor is, or will be, ordained in the Church of the 
Brethren. A Master of Divinity degree or its equivalent 
and experience and demonstrated proficiency in pas| 
toral and personal counseling is required. Ability tti 
provide leadership and support for persons of all faiths' 
and a lifestyle consistent with the policies and tradii 
tions of Manchester College are also necessary. Ii, 
addition, strong academic preparation in theologil 
cal/Bible studies. Clinical Pastoral Education, ant! 
counseling is desirable. Experience as a student or staf' 
member at a church-related independent college, and/o' 
pastoral experience is helpful. Salary: Salary depenj 
dent upon qualifications and experience, 10 montl; 
continuing contract. Employment Benefits: Grouji 
insurance covering hospitalization, major medical, surl 
gical, life, accidental death, total disability; TIA/| 
retirement; tuition discounts for dependents, and othe: 
benefits. Starting Date: On or before August 17, 1998 
Application Process; Letters of application should bi 
accompanied by a complete resume listing training 
experience and a summary of academic preparation. 
Materials should be received as soon as possible. J\ 
screening committee will begin reviewing application.: 
mid-May. The position will remain open until a sucj 
cessful candidate is chosen. Forward applicatioi 
information to: Vicky Eisenhut, Vice President of Humai 
Resources, Manchester College, iNorth .Manchester, If 
46962. Manchester College is an Equal Opportu 
nity/Affirmati\'e Action Employer. 


Messenger is available on tape for people who are visually impaired. 

Each double cassette issue contains all articles, letters, and the editorial. 

MrssENCER-on-Tape, is a service of volunteers for the Church and Persons with 
Disabilities Network (CPDN), a task group of the Association of Brethren Caregivers (ABC). 

Recommended donation is $10 (it you return the tapes lo be recycled) or $25 (if you ivcep the tapes, ) 

To receive MESSENCER-on-Tape, please send your name, address, phone number, and check paj'able to ABC to: 
Association of Brethren Caregivers, 1451 Dundee Avenue. Elgin. IL 60120 

30 Messenger June 1998 

roninf Points 


lole: Congregations are asked 
to submit only the names of 
actual new members of the 
denomination. Do not 
include names of people 
who have merely transferred 
their membership from 
another Church of the 
Brethren congregation. 

.gape. Fort Wayne. Ind.; 
loDean Rhoades 

jnwell. Flemington, N.I.: 
Erik Frankevich, Kathy 
O'Neal, Brandt Kiskurno 

.ntioch. Rocky Mount, Va.: 
Heather Shepherd, Stephen 
Crouse, Lewis Green, Mary 

lear Creek, Accident, Md.: 
Adam Younkin, Vicki 
Schlosnagle. Angle Rush, 
Rox Ann Wooden 

leaverton, Mich.:Kris Ranes 
McKimmy. Ardis Larkin 

iradford, Ohio: lennie Clark, 
Brenda Hinkle, Scott 
Hinkle, Rosemary Wood, 
Stacy Baker, Mike Harmon, 
Kendra Hess, Kisha lone, 
Craig "I.R." Norris, Ruby 
Smith, Lyn Trissell. Rudy 
Trissell, Rosemary Wood, 
Angle Baker, Deanna Baker, 
Michelle Baker 

>ridgewater, Va.: Doris D. 
Boyne, Kjm Merrick. Jean 
Petre, Clarence and Mary 
Quay, Marguerite K. Smith 

!edar Creek, Garrett, Ind.: 
loshua Crain 

!ovenlry, Pottstown, Pa.: Kim 
and Kevin Darlington, Tim- 
othy Egalf, Andrew High, 
Lydia lohnson, Adam Mess- 
ner, Mark Moran. Brian 

Iphrata. Pa.: Ruth Coil, Jef- 
frey Wolf. Nikol Peterman 

Iversole, New Lebanon, Ohio: 
Patti Zimmer, Dustin 

'irsi, Reading, Pa.: John and 
Michelle Alexander. Carl 
and Linda Kaucher 

'irst Central, Kansas City. 
Kan.: Robert and Pauline 
Frank, Tawny Magee 

'irst, Harrisburg, Pa.: Wendy 
Barrick. B.[. Barrick. Daryn 
Bullock, Ethel Bullock. 
Waverly Chadwick. Mary 
Ann Coffman, Shyla Hamp- 
ton, Kenny Horst, Shirley 
Kiefer, Fred Lamar, Tim 
Long, Guillermo Olivencia, 

Maricel Olivencia, Lisa 
Rhoades, lohnny Saft, 
Alfred Williams' 

Geiger, Friedens, Pa.: Christo- 
pher Haines, Charles 
Shepley, Daniel Walker, 
Andrew Ritenour, lohn 
Ritenour, Sherri Ritenour, 
Michael Miller, Shirley 
Miller, Eva Lape 

Good Shepherd, Springfield. 
Mo: Calvin HIavaty. Bryan 
Lucore, Danielle Lucore 

Greensburg, Pa.: Luke Faust. 
Matthew Felker. Catherine 
Spicher. Ronald Spicher, 
James Rnald Spisso. 
Stephanie Struzzi, loshua 
Taylor, [ames Wheeler, 
Barbara Spisso 

Hollidaysburg, Pa.: Dan and 
Heidi McCready, lohn and 
Carol Miller, Nicole Brown 
Frank. Heather Claycomb, 
Bobby Stahl, Kele Stuver- 
Pacheco, Charles and Karen 
Brown, Michele Eastburn 

Hurricane Creek, Smithboro, 
111.: Bobbie Patterson 

Kokomo, Ind.: Dallas Garrett. 
Tim and Susan Swisher 

Maple Spring, Holsopple. Pa.: 
Michael and Sharon Toth 

McPherson, Kan.: Elijah 
Gehring. Kyle Gilbert, Ryan 
Goering, Scott Hammar- 
lund. Timothy Lolling, Mike 

Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Mable 
Smith, Linda Wevodav, 
Sharon Clark. Terri Martin, 
Heather Martin, loseph 
McCorkel, Shane 
McCorkel. Amanda Crouse, 
Shane Kumler. Colin Scott 

Mountville, Pa.: Margaret 
Longenecker, Ken Myers. 
Mary Myers 

Mt. Morris, 111: Myrna Stouffer 

New Carlisle, Ohio: Brian 
White, Amanda Slattery, 
Laura Spotts, |ulie Taylor 

New Covenant Fellowship, 
Gotha. Fla.:|an Daniels. 
Drew Daniels. Christopher 
Oilman, |odi Eller 

Nokesvllle, Va.;|ohn David 
Bowser. Laura Beth 
Bowser, leremy Hall. Rusty 
Hall. Jennie Hay\vood, 
Amanda Beth Murphy, 
David Robert Murphy, 
Katherine Millicent 
Murphy, Kayla Renee Hill, 
Rashad De|uan Bland, Lynn 
Renee Messenger. Matthew 
Arrott Truschel, Benjamin 
Lee Truschel, Vernon 
Funkhouser, leannette 
Funkhouser, David Moore, 

Stephanie Moore, Paula 
Rusher. George Rusher. 
Margaret Manuel, Kevin 
Delano Gough, Kimberly 
Margaret Gough, Kristo- 
pher Dean Gough, Kraig 
Delano Gough, Kory Dustin 
Gough, lacqueline Gayle 
Bear, Brittany Jeannette 

Parker Ford. Pa.: Bonnie 
Cameron. Christina Ewing, 
Paul Russell 

Parsons, Kan.; Chris Davis. 
Krista and Jayson Warstler. 
Everett and Winnie Griffin. 
Misty Davis 

Roaring Spring, Pa.: Kenneth 
Brumbaugh, Sarah Hall, 
Natalie Hershberger, 
Nathan Hershberger. 
Zachary Miller. Jordan 
Rhodes. Carii Rinker, Kayci 
Russell. Carrie Saylor, 
Matthew Witkovsky 

Sebring, Fla.: John and 
Amanda Sgro 


Barkley, Meredith and Minnie, 

Davidsville, Pa., 55 
Funkhouser, Cecil and Sylvia 

Midland, Va., 60 
DeBoll, Chris and Erma 

Uniontown. Pa., 55 years 
Shroyer. Dale and Florence 

New Carlisle, Ohio, 55 
Seltzer, Harry and Claudia, 

Reading. Pa.. 55 years 


Alexander, Velme, 86. Haxtun. 

Colo., Nov. 22 
Allen, Lola. 98, Mt. Morris, 

III. Nov. 23 
Bechtold, Jay, 91, Mt. Morris. 

III.. March U 
Becker, Richard E. 61, York 

County, Pa., April 4 
Booth, Elwyn. San Diego, 

Calif., Feb. 10 
Bowman, Clarence, 94, 

Bridgewater, Va., April 19 
Brumbaugh, Berdella, 93, 

Canton, Ohio. March 31 
Burkholder, Alden H., 93, 

Mentor, Ohio, Nov. 10, 

Burkholder, Mary E., 91, 

Mentor, Ohio. Aug. 30, 

Cessna, Vera P. 90. New 

Oxford. Pa.. April 2 
Churchill, Irvin. 85. Cham- 
pion. Pa., March 27 
Coffman, Marie E.. 72. North 

English. Iowa, March 19 
Courtney, Charles, Reading, 

Pa.. Feb. 3 
Dell, Mercelle, 74, Golden- 
dale, Wash.. March 10 
Dove, Arnold, 76, 

Fredericksburg, Pa. 
Edwards, Ethelyn, 77, 

Haxtun, Colo.. Jan. 26 
Emig, William Sr.. 65, 

.Abbottstown. Pa.. April 4 
Evans, Willard. 79. Hartville. 

Ohio, March 24 
Favorite, Russell H.. 51. New 

Carlisle, Ohio. Feb. 12 
Fisher, Pauline. 81. Boones 

Mill, Va.. Feb. 1 1 
Foltz, Violet, 75, Ephrata. Pa., 

March 27 
Gibson, Agatha. 79. Fort 

Wayne. Ind.. March 28 
Greene, Paul, 89, Mt. Morris, 

111., Feb. 10 
Harnage, Bertha C, 87, 

Sebring. Fla.. April 25 
Hawkey, .Alberta T, 65, 

Sebring. Fla., April 1 2 
Hite, Ralph, 86, Enid, Okla., 

June 29, 1997 
Hoffeditz, Beulah Vought 

Bridgewater. Va.. March 8 
Holsopple, Alice, 91 , Indiana, 

Pa.. April 6 
Hoover, Thomas D.. 56, 

Sebring. Fla.. Feb. 24 
Hoover, Ethel E.. 89, Sebring, 

Fla., March 24 
Hummer, Emmett, 83, 

Parsons, Kan.. Oct. 19 
Keeney, Paul W. 81. 

Loganville. Pa.. April 2 
Keiper, Pauline, 89, Martins- 
burg, Pa.. March 19 
Keiper, Alma N.. 101, Mar- 

tinsburg, Pa.. March 23 
Kuykendail, Amelda. 87. Fort 

Seybert, W. Va.. March 30 
Ladage, Ruth, 86, Parsons, 

Kan., Jan. 18 
Larson, Harold, 76, Yuba City, 

Calif., Feb. 26 
Lindeman, Margaret Eunice, 86, 

Waterloo, Iowa, March 25 
Lortie, Peggye, 50, Garrett. 

Ind.. Feb. 24 
Lucore, Eula Wolfe. 72, San 

Marcos. Calif.. Dec. 6 
McKimmy, Howard. 67. 

Beaverton, Mich.. Feb. 7 
Michaelis. Dorothy. 80. 

McPherson. Kan.. April 14 
Moore, Akin. 86. Fort Wayne, 

Ind.. April 2 
Myers, Lewis Edward, 9 1 , 

Bealeton, Va., March 27 
Nissly, Jeffrey, 31, Conestoga. 

Pa.. Jan. 19 
Nunn, Bessie. 95, Amboy, III., 

March 1 
Putnam, Ruth I Foust, 82, 

New Oxford. Pa.. March 30 
Rutledge, Bessie. 105. 

Decatur. 111.. Ian. 24 
Schenk, Homer, 78. 

Huntertown. Ind.. Feb. 29 
Seveir, Wilbur ].. 92. Franklin. 

W. Va.. March 1 1 
Shockey, Charles Grant, Sr., 

76, Decatur, III. 
Steinmetz, Clyde, 90, 

Lancaster. Pa., Jan. 20 
Stover, Catharine, 86. 

Waynesboro, Pa., April 1 
Stroble, loan S.. 63, Har- 
risonburg, Va., March 30 
Studebaker, Ruth Workman, 

81. New Carlisle, Ohio. 

March 14 
Swihart, Wilma. Hart, Mich., 

April 12 
Williar, Alton A. T. Sr.. 85, 

Walkersville, Md., April 8 


Bain, Paris "Pete," from Red 
Hill. Roanoke. Va., to leters 
Chapel, Vinton. Va. 

Miller, David W.. from 

Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary to West Richmond, 
Richmond, Va. 

Thompson, lohnny L.. from 
interim to pastor at Henry 
Fork. Rocky Mount, Va. 


Bailey, Patrick, March 14, 

Owl Creek, N. Ohio 
Bennett, Melissa, Prairie City, 

N. Plains. March 22 
Carlson, Melinda K., March 4, 

West York, S. Pa. 
Gates, Ginger .M., March 3 1 . 

Brownsville. Mid-Atlantic 
Grogg, Timothy, March 1 4, 

Owl Creek. N. Ohio 
Lindley, Kyle, Feb. 7, Salkum, 

Ore. /Wash. 
Lowry, William (Brett). March 

31. Brownsville. Mid-Atlantic 
Mason, Carol, Feb. 7. Lacev. 

Rummel, Robert L.. Feb. 22, 

Maple Spring. W. Pa. 
Sweetman, Don, Salkum, 

Zurin, |en, Sept. 2. 

Hempfield. Atlantic NE 


Bartholomew, Paul, March 14. 

Mohican. N. Ohio 
Routh, Joe. March 14. E. 

Chippewa, N. Ohio 

June 1998 Messenger 31 

Then what? 

During public radio pledge week I switched to a coun- 
try station, where a new song by Clay Walker said 
what I'd been thinking, it's called "Then What?": 

■7 got a good friend who 's got a good life/He 's got two 
pretty children and a real nice wifeAet he never seems 
quite satisfied/I said I know what's on your mind/But you 
better think about it before you cross that line/The grass 
ain 't always greener on the other side. " 

Christians may think it goes without saying that our 
personal conduct should be righteous to be pleasing to 
God. But perhaps it has gone without saying too long. 
I'm bothered by fooling around in the White House, but 
I'm bothered more by polls showing that most of the 
American people aren't bothered by it. The attitude 
seems to be that as long as the economy is good and we 
aren't at war what the President does in the privacy of 
the Oval Office is his own business. I'm for privacy and 
tolerance, and I'm not sure this is a legal issue. But 
before the American people acquiesce to lower standards 
of acceptable behavior for public officials, let's have a 
word for personal ethics and integrity. 

"Then what? /What you gonna do/When the new wears 
off and the old shines through/And it ain't really love and 
it ain 't really lust/And you ain 't anybody anybody's gonna 

In 1966 Annual Conference adopted a statement on 
"The Theological Basis of Personal Ethics." That state- 
ment clarifies that we should be good not because it's the 
law but because of love. "The gospel is not a new code of 
conduct. Legalism looks to a law or principle to find the 
specific requirements of God in a particular situation, 
but love supersedes the most exacting legal description of 
an act. Love will not steal or kill or commit adultery." 

Cheating hurts people. Marital infidelity is a painful 
form of domestic violence. And don't think certain fami- 
lies are immune. In the movie Primary Colors there is a 
heart-rending scene in which Emma Thompson, who 
plays the presidential candidate's wife, sobs uncontrol- 
lably on the floor upon learning that her husband has 
bedded a young girl. Even in high places, it hurts. 

Do what you want, do what you wish/It's your life but 
remember this/There 's bound to be some consequences/ 
For sneakin ' under other fences. 

We're not perfect, and we all pray with the psalmist, 
"Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgres- 
sions" (Psa. 25:7). Even so, while acknowledging God's 
mercy, we can keep trying, and speak up for the value of 
integrity. "Those who walk blamelessly, and do what is 
right, and speak the truth from their heart. . . . Those 

who do these things shall never be moved" {Psa. 15). 

If the Washington scandal were just about one man's 
marriage, the poll respondents would be right that it's 
none of the nation's business. But ethics doesn't stop at 
the door to the White House private apartment. From the 
Annual Conference statement: "lesus' summary of per- 
sonal ethics is that 'you shall love the Lord your God 
with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all 
your mind,' and "you shall love your neighbor as your- 
self.' The twofold commandment makes brilliantly clear 
that love of God always entails love of neighbor; personal 
ethics always involve social ethics." 

The connection between personal and social isn't 
always obvious, but here's one example. A person with 
nothing to hide can lead boldly for the social welfare, 
without fear that adversaries will drag out skeletons to 
stop him. It seems no coincidence that during President 
Clinton's first term, health care reform and Whitewater 
heated up together, and faded together. The nation was 
deprived of substantial benefit because its leader, under 
investigation, lacked the political power to get the job 
done. The church also has been deprived at times when 
would-be leaders are silenced by ethical skeletons. 

Social progress requires trust. My father's best friend 
had a saying that became his motto, "I will if I say I will. 
It was humorous because he used it in every instance. 
Are you coming to the party? "I will if I say I will." We 
enjoyed this memory at his recent funeral. This good 
man achieved much in his life, and was able to help many 
people, because he kept his word. Our church will be 
stronger if it has more people we can count on to do 
what they say they are going to do. 

A trusted leader can do a lot of good even without 
holding office, (immy Carter, known for his strong mar- 
riage and sometimes painful honesty, in his retirement is 
effectively building houses and building peace. Lesser 
leaders will retire young to face thirty years on the golf 
course because nobody trusts them anymore. 

What is lost with a decline of personal integrity goes 
beyond the loss of effectiveness in politics. As a people 
we lose our self-esteem, our nobility, our willingness to 
stand together and with God against injustice. If we 
figure everybody is out for themselves we stop trying. 

"Then what?/Where you gonna turn/When you can't 
turn back for the bridges you 've burned/And fate can 't 
wait to kick you in the butt/Then what? Oh then what?" 

But if we try to be good, God will bless a virtuous 
people. We can take risks together because we trust each 
other and God trusts us. — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger June 1998 

Make a Positive Decision 
FOR Your Future: 

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Your health and wellness in comfort and dignity 
Fitness in a challenging environment 
Convenience and beaut}' of your surroundings 
Enjoyment of being in a friendly community 

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Area 1 

I.Janice Glass Kensinger* 
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888 411-4275** 

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616 374-8066 


Area 3 

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407 523-0045 

(One appointment pending) 

Area 4 

9. David Smalley* 
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888 526-9589** 

10. Manny Diaz 

Lake Charles, Louisiana 
318 479-1068 

Area 5 

11. Jeff Glass* 

San Diego, Cahfornia 
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626 797-5249 

Director's Office 

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800 323-8039** 

*coordinator **toll free call 

An effective congregation, in Brethren terms, is determined not by status, 
influence, or numbers. Rather, congregational faithfulness comes in living 
as a reconciled and redeemed community, an instrument of God's vision. 

If your church is striving to be such a community, to signal the dawn 
of a new age in the midst of the old. Congregational Life Teams stand 
ready to work with you — in worship planning, spiritual formation, 
evangehsm, stewardship education, small membership 
churches, and urban and ethnic ministries. 1 1 

You have our number. We await your call. "——J 

Congregational Life Teams 

Working together: congregations, districts, General Board, partner agencies 

es L ^^ 

Church of the Brethren July 1998 

50 years of service 

How «&e BVS 
story began 


DSS Continuing Care Certificate #069, DSS 
#191501662, DHS #950000005 

Make a Positive 
Decision for Your 

■ Peace of mind for your security 
and saftey 

S Your health and wellness in 
comfort and dignity 

■ Fitness in a challenging 

■ Convenience and beauty of your 

■ Enjoyment of being in a friendly 

For further information contact the Hillcrest Marketing Office 



2705 Mountain View Drive, La Verne, California 91750-4398 
(909) 392-4360 or 1-800-566-4636 

On the cover: 
Brethren Volun- 
teer Service 
celebrates 50 years of faith in 
action by remembering the 
past and rededicating its 
energies to help in a needy 
world. In its history BVS has 
placed more than 5,000 vol- 
unteers in projects in the US 
and all over the world. 

Cover photos courtesy of Jeff Leard. Chen Rieman, 
Brethren Historical Library and Archives Design by 
Marianne Sackett and David Van Delmder 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: VIcki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 



11 Cleaver's Christian connection 

Radical activist Eldridge Cleaver found 
Christ in his later years, and found a spiri- 
tual home on the campus of University of 
La Verne, where he taught and studied 
before his death earlier this year. 

12 BVS then: The miracle of 1948 

Youth, prayer, and history came together 
with the Holy Spirit at the 1948 Annual 
Conference in Colorado Springs, where 
young Ted Chambers stood on an orange 
crate and made the modon that would 
create Brethren Volunteer Service and 
change the world. 

19 BVS now: At work in the Balkans 

Here is a firsthand report on the difficult 
and frustrating work of peacemaking as 
carried on by three young people sent to 
Croatia by Brethren Volunteer Service. 
Rebuilding lives and communities after a 
devastating war is done day by day and 
household by household. Former BVSer 
Nathan Hegedus reports from Croatia. 

23 Pluralism isn't everything 

Dale Aukerman, veteran churchman and 
peace activist, argues here that loving 
acceptance of diverging viewpoints is all 
right to a point. But on certain points there 
can be no compromise. The author out- 
lines the principles on which he stops 
accepting and takes a stand. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 



July 1998 Messenger 1 

•^roiii tk hmm 

I learned two new words recently. They are "aboutness" and "isness." It was Christ- 
ian Century editor [ames Wall who passed them along to a gathering of Mennonite 
and Brethren communicators. A film aficionado, he described two contrasting char- 
acteristics of film — what a film is about and what it is. 

Aboutness has to do with literalness. It has to do with facts, but not the meaning 
behind the facts. For example. Titanic is about an ocean liner that sinks after hitting 
an iceberg. 

Isness is the vision of life that the filmmaker is conveying. A film with isness does 
not fill in all the answers, but rather allows the ideas and images to be completed in 
the viewer's imagination. Isness allows room for ambiguity. |im Wall would like to 
see Christians focusing more on isness. 

(Whether Titanic has "isness" is a question I'll leave for those who've seen it.) 

I was intrigued by these new words and began applying them to more than film. I 
thought right away about scripture and Bible study. There's no question that those 
of us who make Brethren curriculum have placed a high priority on introducing 
users to the Bible text — that we want them to know what the Bible stories are about. 
But we also want users to internalize the story — to explore what the story is. and 
how their life stories interact with the Bible story. 

Curriculum with printed answers is easier to teach, but curriculum that asks you 
to discover the questions is more valuable. Even if it leaves you with ambiguity. 

Then I thought of our areas of disagreement within the church. Perhaps we don't 
hear each other because we are hung up on the arguments the other side is making, 
not on what really is at issue. Maybe we're uncomfortable with ambiguity. 

And then I thought of Dale Aukerman's article (page 23), in which he makes a 
case against pluralism. He argues that we have not been willing to take clear stands, 
to distinguish between contending sides and go with right and truth. 

He offers guidelines for making those distinctions. Among them: We are to act in 
love, to be nonjudgmental, to take out the log from our own eye before pointing out 
the speck in another's, and to be open-minded and willing to listen and change when 
we confront a brother or sister in accordance with Matthew 18. 

There's something classically Brethren about these guidelines. So classic that I 
wonder whether they won't lead us straight back into ambiguity. 

Year after year we try to resolve what things are about, but when it comes right 
down to it we are a relational people who can't escape the ambiguity of our identity. 
In other words, we care about what we believe, but our behavior seems to show that 
we care just a bit more about the relationships we have with each other and the way 
our beliefs in God are lived out. 

Does that make us wishy-washy? 

Maybe, maybe not. 


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2 Messenger July 1998 



Peace churches seminary students luur Sojourners 
Community Center computer lab in Washington. D.C. 

Seminarians work on race 
issues in capital 

The ministry of the historic peace churches was alive 
and well in March as 21 students and 3 faculty mem- 
bers gathered in Washington, D.C. focusing on race 
relations and "speaking truth to power." 

The students, from Associated Mennonite Biblical Semi- 
naries, Earlham School of Religion, and Bethany 
Theological Seminary, discussed the status of race rela- 
tions with Bill Lann Lee, assistant attorney general of civil 
rights. Working with staff from denominational offices, the 
Brethren, Mennonites, and Quakers made their concerns 
known to legislators and non-governmental organizations, 
including the National Council of Churches, Sojourners, 
and Call to Renewal, — Deborah Miller 

Ruhl gets honorary 
Elizabethtown degree 

[anice Ruhl of the East 
Fairview Church of the 
Brethren, Manheim, Pa., was 
awarded an honorary doctor- 
ate of humane letters by 
Elizabethtown (Pa.) College. 

"She is a role model for 
women in business and a 
living reminder of the col- 
lege's motto, 'Educate for 
Service,'" said Theodore 
Long, president. "She has 
been a devoted advocate for 
Elizabethtown College and 
a loyal keeper of the 
Church of the Brethren 
heritage at the college." 

Ruhl, a 1954 Elizabeth- 
town graduate, currently 
serves as president and 
chief executive officer of 
Ruhl Insurance, Manheim. 

She has been a member of 
the college's board of 
trustees since 1979. She 
also serves on the Bethany 
Theological Seminary 
Board of Trustees. 

Serving meals to Old 
Order "cousins" 

Members of Oakland 
Church of the Brethren, Get- 
tysburg, Ohio, served meals 
to the German Baptist 
Brethren Annual Meeting 
near Covington, Ohio, this 
spring. According to Fred 
Bernhard, Oakland pastor, 
the "Old Order" meeting is 
much like the Church of the 
Brethren Annual Confer- 
ence — a time for fellowship, 
worship, and business. Often 
4,000 to 7,000 people 

attend, he said. 

During 1881-1885, the 
members of the historic 
Brethren movement, who 
trace their beginnings to 
1708 Germany, split in 
three ways, becoming indi- 
vidual denominations 
known today as the 
German Baptist Brethren, 
the Church of the Brethren 
and the Brethren Church. 

"It's a labor of love on 
our part to serve our 
cousins," Berhard com- 
mented on the event. 

Murray honored by 
Bridgewater College 

"The Fires of Peace" was 
the title of this year's com- 
mencement address at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College, 

July 1 998 Messenger 3 


delivered by Andrew 
Murray, director of the 
Baker Institute for Peace 
and Conflict Studies at 
luniata College, Hunting- 
don, Pa. Murray was 
awarded an honorary 
degree, doctor of humane 
letters. Murray is a 1964 
Bridgewater graduate. 

Church builds Habitat 
house for member 

After sponsoring many 
Habitat for Humanity 
houses over many years for 
many people, the Sebring 
(Fla.) Church of the 
Brethren in April dedicated 
a house it had sponsored 
for one of its own. 

The house went to Luz 
Wilson, a 10-year member 
of the church. More than 
three years ago Wilson 
•applied for a Habitat house 
and began working on 
other Habitat projects to 

accumulate the 400 hours 
she needed to qualify to 
receive one for herself, her 
daughter, and her three 
sons. In lanuary 1997 the 
church board designated a 
Luz Wilson Family Habitat 
House fund. By the end of 
the year enough donations 
had been received to pay 
for the house. 

Lafiya weekend focus 
is on forgiveness 

"Forgiveness: Going 
Against the Tide," a Lafiya 
emphasis weekend featur- 
ing SueZann Bosler and 
lulie Hostetter, was held 
last month at Roanoke 
(Va.) First Church of the 
Brethren. This second 
annual Lafiya event by 
Roanoke First used sto- 
ries, discussion, worship, 
and Bible study to examine 
Bosler and her father. 

Bill, former pastor of First 
Miami (Fla.) Church of 
the Brethren, were brutally 
attacked in their home in 
1986. Bill died from his 
wounds and James Camp- 
bell, the attacker, received 
the death penalty. 

For about a decade, 
Bosler worked at trying to 
get Campbell's sentence 
commuted to life in prison; 
that verdict was finally ren- 
dered in June 1997 
following a hearing in 
which only Bosler appeared 
and spoke on Campbell's 

The weekend program 
included a "ritual of for- 

Peacemaker of the 
Year award to Kindy 

Cliff Kindy of North Man- 
chester, Ind., was named 
1 998 Peacemaker of the 
Year in April at the annual 

Robert D. Cain, ir., president and CEO of The Brethren's. 

Home, with Euniee Steinbrecher. board member, and 
Wilbur Mullen, former administrator. 

Brethren's Home gets award 
for integrity 

The Brethren's Home Retirement Community, 
Greenville, Ohio, May I 5 won the Miami Valley Better 
Business Bureau's Integrity Eclipse Award. The award is 
based on demonstrating high ethical standards, promoting 
truth in advertising, and practicing honest competition. 

Materials submitted in support of the nomination noted 
the Brethren's Home paid off bonds in 1996, nine and a 
half years earlier than required. The bonds were issued 
after the home filed for Chapter X reorganization during a 
period of financial difficulty in 1977. 

Since then the retirement community has made a finan- 
cial turnaround one local banker called "miraculous." At 
no time has any resident ever been asked to leave The 
Brethren's Home for reasons of lack of inability to pay. 

"Throughout the 14 years of Chapter X proceedings, 
promises to residents were never broken," said Russ Flora, 
chair of the board of trustees. The Home, founded in 
1902, now provides retirement and health care services to 
more than 500 residents. 

4 Messenger July 1998 

iinner meeting of the 
Ulantic Northeast District 
Brethren Peace Fellowship 
it Brethren Village, Lan- 
;aster, Pa. 

His citation read in part, 
'He puts his body where 
lis mouth is — both in 
langerous and public ways 
ind quietly in private, per- 
;onal ways." 

Kindy, who for nine 
'ears has served on the 
Christian Peacemaker 
reams Steering Commit- 
ee, was a member of the 
irst long-term team sent 
o the refugee camps of 
jaza Strip in the Middle 
last. He also has traveled 
o Israel and Palestine on 
;everal occasions. Kindy 
md his family have inten- 
ionally chosen to keep 
heir income below the 
eve! at which they would 
)e required to pay war 
:axes. They affirm that 
iimplicity in living is an 
mportant first step in jus- 
ice-building for those of 
developed countries. 

E-town develops ties 
lA/Jth Korean church 

Last fall for ten weeks 
Tiembers of the Elizabeth- 
:own Church of the 
Brethren traveled to the 
lew Korean Grace Christ- 
an Church of the Brethren 
in Upper Darby, Pa., along 
mlh teachers named by 
Donna Steiner and the 
\tlantic Northeast Dis- 
trict, to teach Grace 
Christian's youth about 
the Church of the 

They used English and 
Korean versions of "To 
Follow in lesus' Steps" 
and the accompanying 

video series, "Journey in 
Jesus' Way." Members of 
Grace Christian traveled 
to Elizabethtown to share 
in their first love feast. 

This spring members of 
Grace Christian traveled 
to Elizabethtown to share 
in the morning worship. 
Following worship the 
Korean youth, assisted by 
Elizabethtown youth, 
served the church a noon 
meal of Korean delicacies. 
Offerings totaled over 
$1,400 to help the Grace 
Christian youth join the 
Elizabethtown youth to go 
to National Youth Confer- 
ence in Fort Collins, Colo. 

— Wayne Zunkel 

Church anniversary 
celebrations planned 

Germantown Brick 
Church of the Brethren, 
Rocky Mount, Va., will 
celebrate its 1 50th 
anniversary Oct. 10 with 
love feast, and on Oct. 1 1 
with worship, during 
which all former pastors 
present will be recognized. 

Spring Creek Church of 
the Brethren, Hershey, Pa., 
is celebrating its 1 50th 
anniversary with events 
throughout the year. The 
final event will be a home- 
coming Sunday on Oct. 25. 

Ninth Street Church of 
the Brethren, Roanoke, 
Va., will celebrate its 75th 
anniversary Sept. 20 with 
a homecoming Sunday. 
Featured speaker for the 
worship service will be 
Earle W. Fike, Jr. 

Williamson Road Church 
of the Brethren, Roanoke, 
Va., is celebrating its 50th 
anniversary this year with 

activities planned for each 
month. Highlights include a 
spring choral concert, a 
homecoming weekend, a 
cornerstone service, and a 
performance of the Bridge- 
water College Chorale. 

Veteran pastor 
celebrates 90th 

Dorsey E. Rotruck cele- 
brated a 90th birthday and 
a lifetime of memories in 
April at The Cedars, 
McPherson, Kan. 

Rotruck was a Church of 
the Brethren pastor for 37 
years before his retirement 
in 1973. More than 90 
friends attended the celebra- 
tion, with surprise visits by 
former parishioners from 
Kansas City and Garden 
City. Rotruck received 
phone calls from well-wish- 
ers in Germany and from 
throughout the US. 

He served pastorates at 
Purchase Line, Clymer, 
Pa.; Tire Hill, Pa.; Miami, 
Fla.; Garden City, Kan.; 
Denver, Colo.; and Kansas 

Dorsey E. Rotruck 

City, Kan. His recent pro- 
jects include writing his 
memoirs and building a 
replica of the Knobley (W. 
Va.) Church of the 
Brethren where he 
attended as a child. He 
and his wife, Mildred 
Yoder Rotruck, have 7 
grandchildren and 1 3 
great grandchildren. 

Eighty years together 

On June 14 Harley and Sylvia Utz celebrated their 80th 
wedding anniversary with a reception at the Pitsburg 
Church of the Brethren, Arcanum, Ohio, where they have 
been longtime members. 

Both are 99 years old and in good health, according to 
their son, Emerson Utz, of Arcanum. Since last Septem- 
ber they have resided in an independent living apartment 
at The Brethren's Home, Greenville, Ohio. 

Sylvia Utz says at the Home she no longer needs to drive 
a car, which she did up until last year. Harley Utz, who has 
been blind for the past 20 years, "reads" 300 non-fiction 
books a year on tape. He is a former accountant; she was a 

They have lived in Dayton, Ohio; Rochester, N.Y.; 
Chicago, III.: Arcanum, Ohio; Brookville, Ohio; and Cali- 
fornia. According to their son, "They both believe in 
covenants, holding true to their word." 

July 1998 Messenger 5 


Members of COURAGE and Church of the 
Brethren employees share a moment 
together in prayer during an April visit 
to the General Offices. The COURAGE 
members visited the Brethren facility in 
honor of the denomination's long-term 
ties with Heifer Project Intenuitional. 

COURAGE unites Cameroon 
and Oklahoma survivors 

Their presence together at first 
seems puzzling: What is the connec- 
tion between the survivors of the 
Oklahoma City bombing of 1995 
and the survivors of Cameroon's 
Lake Nyos disaster of 1986, a 
tragedy in which 1,700 people and 
4,000 animals were suffocated when 
a natural buildup of carbon dioxide 
was released from beneath the lake? 
There was no connection prior to 
April 1997, but that changed when 
Heifer Project International and 

Interfaith Disas- 
ter Recovery 
Center of Okla- 
homa City sent 
14 from Okla- 
homa to 
Cameroon tor 
three weeks. 
From that experi- 
ence and from a 
three-week trip 
by eight 

Cameroonians to 
the United States 
in April, a close 
bond has been 
formed out of the firsthand experi- 
ence of losing loved ones tragically. 
In April, members of COURAGE 
(Cameroon Oklahoma Uniting in 
Recovery and Growth through 
Exchange) visited the Church of the 
Brethren offices in Elgin, 111., as part 
of a seven-state storytelling and 
sightseeing tour. The group included 
seven Lake Nyos survivors and sev- 
eral Oklahoma City bombing 
survivors. They were hosted by Merv 
Keeney, the General Board's director 
of Global Mission Partnerships. 

Their stories are gut-wrenching, 
yet inspirational, as many have 

rebuilt their lives and are able to see 
some good that has come from their 
ordeals. It is also obvious that mem- 
bers of the two groups have helped 
each other greatly through listening 
and compassion, which was the pur- 
pose of bringing these two groups 

From the Cameroonians the Amer- 
icans have learned that they need to 
give, not just receive. They also 
learned to show compassion and love 
to strangers. 

From the Americans the Cameroo- 
nians learned to talk about their 
tragedy. In one meeting last year in 
Cameroon, only the survivors from 
both tragedies were allowed to par- 
ticipate. For the Cameroonians, it 
was like a floodgate had been thrown 

"It was the first time we had sat 
and talked about the disaster," said 
Sule Umaru. 

As his village's only reader and 
writer, Sule became acquainted with 
HPI as it responded to the Lake 
Nyos tragedy. This connection led 
him to Massachusetts and an animal 
science degree. He has since 
returned to Cameroon to work with 
Lake Nyos survivors. 

lanet Walker, whose husband, 
David, who had worked on the 
eighth floor of the Alfred P. Murrah 
Federal Building, said his death 
brought her to face to face with her 
faith. She has become a devout 
Christian who, with lessons learned 
from David and the Cameroonians, 
wants to devote the rest of her life 
helping others. 'T want to be a 
giver," she said. — Nevin Dulabaum 

Rubbermaid contributes to 
success of disaster auctions 

Thanks in part to the Rubbermaid 
Corporation, four Church of the 

6 Messenger July 1998 

Brethren district disaster auctions 
raised nearly $300,000 in May for 
the Church of the Brethren Emer- 
gency Disaster Fund. 

Special sales of Rubbermaid prod- 
ucts have helped increase the totals 
af several district auctions over the 
past few years. Surplus commercial- 
grade items or slightly damaged 
goods that have not sold have report- 
edly been written off by the firm and 
then donated by the truckload. 

Mid-Atlantic District's 18th annual 
\uction. held May 2 at the Westmin- 
ster, Md., Agriculture Center, raised 
aearly $50,000. The auction included 
16 quilts, 20 comforters, three baby 
quilts, and two wall hangings. A vari- 
ety of items, such as baseball card sets, 
:ollectable trucks, and Longaberger 
Daskets, were also sold. 

Middle Pennsylvania's second 
annual auction, held May 9 at Morri- 
son's Cove Memorial Park in 
Martinsburg, Pa., raised over 
$80,000, with $60,000 of that 
:oming from the sale of 10 semi- 
trailer trucks of Rubbermaid 
products. The auction also featured 
23 quilts, livestock, and crafts. 

Shenandoah District's sixth annual 
auction, held May 1 5-16 at Rocking- 
ham County Fairgrounds, 
Harrisonburg, Va., raised about 
$1 50,000. This auction raised an esti- 
mated $32,000 from livestock and 
$100,000 from arts, crafts, com- 
forters, and quilts. It, too, raised funds 
from the sale of Rubbermaid prod- 
ucts — since last year the district has 
received about a dozen truckloads of 
various commercial-grade products. 

The fourth auction, West Marva's, 
was held May 2 at the Barbour 
County (W.Va.) Fairgrounds. About 
200 people attended the event, which 
raised about $4,700. Antiques, tools, 
and toys were among the items sold, 
as was a butchered cow. 

Brethren Homes Forum II 
focuses on collaboration 

New ways of working together was 
the focus representatives of many 
Church of the Brethren organizations 
discussed at the Second Brethren 
Homes Forum on Collaboration May 
1-3. The conference, which included 
representatives from 18 retirement 
communities, three districts, 
Brethren Benefit Trust, Congrega- 
tional Life Teams of the General 
Board, and the Association of 
Brethren Caregivers (ABC), was held 
at the New Windsor (Md.) Confer- 
ence Center. 

Sponsored by the Fellowship of 
Brethren Homes, an ABC ministry 
group, this year's event was the next 
step in creating a new model of col- 
laboration for bringing innovative 
services to participating Brethren 
retirement communities, said Mary 
Dulabaum, ABC's communications 
director. Last year's forum was the 
first time members of the Fellowship 
of Brethren Homes and agencies of 
the Church of the Brethren met to 
explore collaborative possibilities. 

Michael Winer, consultant for the 
American Association of Homes and 
Services to the Aging, again served 
as leader. 

Brethren colleges work 
together to recruit students 

Admissions officers of six Brethren 
colleges are finding new ways to 
work together rather than compete 
over potential student recruits. Their 
efforts are leading to broader collab- 
oration efforts among the colleges, 
and renewed attention to the 
Brethren values the colleges share. 
"We have more in common than 
we have in competition," says David 
McFadden, vice president of enroll- 

ment and planning at Manchester 
College, North Manchester, Ind. 

The Church of the Brethren 
Admissions Group is chaired this 
year by Brian Hildebrand, dean of 
enrollment at Bridgewater College, 
Bridgewater, Va. The group met 
twice in 1997, and again in lanuary 
this year. Another meeting is sched- 
uled for November. 

Out of those meetings has come a 
plan to develop a national database 
of Brethren youth, which will be 
begun this year from National Youth 
Conference registrations and supple- 
mented with information solicited 
from pastors. FnroUment-age youth 
on the list will be sent a joint publi- 
cation with information about all the 
Brethren colleges. The student may 
then request information from any of 
the colleges. 

The database and joint publication 
replaces an old system of Brethren 
college recruiting territories, which 
gave each of the six colleges exclu- 
sive recruiting rights in their 
geographical area. Though the exclu- 
sive territories were formally 
abandoned a decade ago, they 
remain in effect in the minds of some 
church members. 

"We have plans in place for collab- 
oration," McFadden said. "Now we 
have a lot of work to do to get the 
word out." The joint Brethren col- 
leges promotional brochure is 
scheduled to be available at Annual 
Conference this year. 

McFadden said that while the six 
colleges are different Irom each 
other, they all offer a high quality of 
education with good value for the 
cost. All offer good financial aid 
packages, he said. 

And, while there has not yet been a 
formal statement of values the col- 
leges hold in common, they all reflect 
in their programs the core Brethren 

July 1998 Messenger 7 

beliefs of peace, justice, and service, 
McFadden said. "At every Bretiiren 
college these are woven into the 
fabric of campus life," he said. 

"Some colleges tell students the 
answers," McFadden said. "Other 
colleges don't bother with the ques- 
tions. Our colleges help students 
answer the questions." 

All the colleges have agreed to 
waive their application fee for 
Brethren students. They plan to 
advertise jointly and create a joint 
Web site. And they are funding a 
joint research project to determine 
what Brethren families are looking 
for in higher education. 

The member institutions include 
Manchester; Bridgewater; Elizabeth- 
town College, Elizabethtown, Pa. 
luniata College, Huntingdon, Pa., 
McPherson College, McPherson, 
Kan.; University of La Verne, La 
Verne, Calif.; Bethany Theological 
Seminary, Richmond, Ind.; and 
Brethren Colleges Abroad. 

Life Teams go to work on 
working relationships 

The General Board's Congregational 
Life Teams (CLTs) have established 
formal working relationships with a 
number of Brethren organizations, 
most of which had ties with the 
Parish Ministries Commission before 
the board's redesign. 

A CLT member has been assigned 
to relate to the Association for the 
Arts (AACB), the Church of the 
Brethren Association of Christian 
Educators (CoBACE), the Ecumeni- 
cal Center for Stewardship Studies 
(ECSS), Education for a Shared 
Ministry (EFSM), New Life Min- 
istries, and the Outdoor Ministries 
Association (OMA). 

Communications links have been 
established with the Association of 
Brethren Caregivers (ABC), the His- 

i^ •• 


Bethany Theological Seminary awarded degrees to i8 students duriiig its 95rd 
coinmeitceinent on May 9. Graduates included, front row, kneeling, left to right: 
Christen Miller, Tracy Knechel, Laura Van Voorhis, and Jeff Carter Second 
row: Shawn Replogle, Rhonda Pittman Gingrich, Sharon Nearhoof, Steven 
Bollinger, Deborah Miller fames Bowyer, Brenda Petry. and Lisa Hazen. Third 
row: David Miller, Andrew Wright, Paula Carmicliael, Dana Statler, Kevin Derr, 
and Michael Grubb. 

panic Committee, Ministry of Recon- 
ciliation, New Church Development, 
On Earth Peace Assembly (OEPA), 
Urban/Black Committee, and the 
Women's Council. 

Eighteen graduates receive 
Bethany degrees in May 

Eighteen students were awarded 
graduate degrees during the 93rd 
commencement of Bethany Theolog- 
ical Seminary, Richmond, Ind. 

Thirteen received master of divin- 
ity degrees; four received master of 
arts in theology degrees. One student 
was awarded a graduate-level certifi- 
cate of achievement in theological 
studies. Three individuals have com- 
pleted a degree with a peace studies 

Jo Young Switzer, vice president 
and academic dean at Manchester 
College, North Manchester, Ind., 
delivered the keynote address at the 
worship service. 

North Koreans grateful for 
generous relief donations 

An anonymous gift of $53,000 has 
been given to the Global Food Crisis 
Fund's $100,000 appeal from Octo- 
ber to help combat hunger in North 
Korea. This money will be forwarded 
to Church World Service in addition 
to the $100,000 that was raised by 
the appeal and sent by the Church of 
the Brethren General Board two 
months ago for barley seed and 
emergency relief. 

This gift comes only three weeks 
after North Korean officials told the 
National Council of Churches that 
food supplies have run out and short- 
ages will continue for at least three 

Kim Su Man, An Song Nam, and li 
Man Bok, three officials of North 
Korea's Flood Damage Rehabilita- 
tion Committee, were in the United 
States earlier this year to thank non- 
governmental organizations 

8 MESSENGFRjuly 1998 

(NGOs), including the NCC, for 
their relief aid as well as to report on 
their country's current situation. The 
visiting officials stressed that food is 
still the number one priority, 
although medicines, livestock and 
agricultural equipment also are 

David Radcliff, director of Brethren 
Witness for the General Board, 
announced that the 2,300 child care 
kits produced by Brethren for North 
Korean children will be shipped to Asia 
in late summer. Additional kits may be 
sent to the Brethren Service Center in 
New Windsor, Md.,byAug. 15. 

Board, seminary, districts 
announce staff changes 

Brenda Reish has resigned as con- 
troller and assistant treasurer of the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board to begin Aug. 1 as business 
manager and treasurer of Bethany 
Theological Seminary. She will be 
responsible for Bethany's financial 
operations and budget planning and 
will supervise an office that provides 
institutional business and student 
financial aid services to Bethany and 
its partner seminary, Earlham School 
of Religion. 

Reish has worked for the General 
Board since 1984. She holds busi- 
ness administration degrees from 
Elgin Community College and Man- 
chester College. 

Tara Lea Hornbacker, pastor of 
Pleasant Hill (Ohio) Church of the 
Brethren since 1989, has been 
named assistant professor of ministry 
formation at Bethany Theological 
Seminary. She has been an adjunct 
faculty member at Bethany, super- 
vised student ministers-in-training 
for several institutions, and served as 
a mentor for licensed ministers in 
Southern Ohio District. 

Hornbacker has degrees from Indi- 

Ann Quay, BBT board vice chair, 
presents a gag award at the annual 
BBT board/employee dinner Don 
Fecher, pension plan director, looks on. 

ana University and Earlham School of 
Religion. She is pursuing a doctorate 
at Fuller Theological Seminary. 

Kristi Rittle, of Elgin, HI., began in 
May as Conference assistant in the 
Annual Conference office. A member 
of the Highland Avenue Church of 
the Brethren in Elgin, she is a 1998 
graduate of Millikin University, 
Decatur, 111. 

loan Dagget, of Tryon, N.C., 
begins |uly 15 as associate executive 
of Shenandoah District. She has 
served as a co-pastor, director of 
Christian education, and a curricu- 
lum writer, and has degrees from 
Bridgewater College and Bethany 
Theological Seminary. 

Jorge Rivera began |une 1 as half- 
time associate executive for Atlantic 
Southeast District, serving in Puerto 
Rico. He is pastor of the Yahuecas 
Church of the Brethren in Castaiier. 
He has been director of the Theologi- 
cal Institute in Puerto Rico, chair and 
moderator of the Puerto Rico board, 
and a member of the General Board. 

Eldon Coffman and Esther Norris 
have been named interim co-execu- 

tives of Missouri/Arkansas District. 
A retired pastor, Coffman worked 
many years at a Navaho Indian 
school in Utah. He will coordinate 
pastoral placements and will relate to 
the Council of District Executives. 
Norris has served many years in 
nursing and hospital administration. 
She will relate to the district's con- 
gregations and various commissions. 

Religious leaders: Jerusalem 
should be the City of Peace 

This year's 50th anniversary of the 
creation of Israel is a time for reflec- 
tion. So wrote 20 US religious 
leaders to President Clinton on May 
12, including loseph Mason, interim 
executive director of the Church of 
the Brethren General Board. 

The group states that movement in 
the Middle East peace process is 
needed while there's still hope for a 
peaceful solution. And a large por- 
tion of that solution hinges on 
Jerusalem, which has been subject to 
war and bitter dispute. 

"We are entirely convinced that a 
resolution of the question of 
lerusalem is essential for peace and 
cooperation among the three Abra- 
hamic faiths," the letter states. "We 
stand at a point in history where the 
future of Jerusalem is open to peace- 
ful resolution. As Christians, we join 
lews and Muslims in longing for the 
time when lerusalem, the spiritual 
heritage of all the children of Abra- 
ham, will truly be the City of Peace 
for humankind." 

"If there is to be universal and whole- 
hearted celebration of the creation of 
the State of Israel this year, the reality 
of the dislocation and suffering experi- 
enced by the Palestinian people must be 
acknowledged, and questions of resti- 
tution, self-determination (statehood) 
and a just peace need to be openly 
addressed and resolved." 

July 1998MESSENGfc.R9 

The Brethren World Assembly, scheduled for |uly 1 5- 1 8 at 
Bridgewater College, takes up the theme: "Faith and Family — 
Challenges and Commitments." Study papers related to the 
theme will be presented by Ronald Clutter, |ohn Shultz, 
Brenda Colijn, Nancy Faus, and Alvin Conner. The Wednesday 
night banquet features a keynote speech by Carl Bowman on 
"The Impact of Modern Culture on the Brethren Family." The 
event is sponsored by The Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc., and 
Bridgewater College. For more information call 540-828- 

"Dancing in the Southwind: Weaving an Inclusive Spirit" is 

the theme of the gathering of the Supportive Congregations 
Network July 24-26 in Wichita, Kan. It is an international 
gathering of Mennonite and Church of the Brethren congrega- 
tions and individuals who seek to welcome gay, lesbian, and 
bisexual members. Workshops will focus on homosexuality and 
the Bible, strategies for youth leaders, and the roles of congre- 
gational leaders. For more information call the SCN office at 

The 53rd annual Civilian Public Service reunion will be Aug. 
19-20 at Laurelville Mennonite Church Center, Mount Pleas- 
ant, Pa. The gathering is open to all who served in a CPS camp 
during World War II. For program and registration form write 
to Irvin E. Cordell, 57 E. Grandview Ave., Mercersburg, PA 
17236. Or call 717-328-2746. 

As part of its emphasis on health maintenance, the Brethren 
Medical Plan staff has found a self-help book that includes the 
emotional, social, psychological, and spiritual elements of 
health as well as the more traditional physical considerations. 
It is The Healthy Mind. Healthy Body Handbook, by David 
Sobel and Robert Ornstein. "Sobel and Ornstein point out that 
instead of relying on someone else to make you healthy, a 
person needs to become aware that the essentials for health are 
within and begin with the way we think about health," said 
Bruce Rosenberger, pastor of Greenville (Ohio) Church of the 
Brethren. The book is available from Brethren Press for $14.95 
by writing to brethren_press_gb(S, calling 800- 
441 -371 2, or by visiting the Brethren Press booth June 30-|uly 
5 at Annual Conference in Orlando. 

Brethren Benefit Trust to 
expand financial services 

At its April meeting, the Brethren 
Benefit Trust (BBT) board added an 
international common stock manager 
and approved items of business that 
will be presented to Annual Confer- 
ence delegates this month. 

Walden Capital Management of 
Boston, Mass., has been hired to 
serve as the fourth manager of the 
BBT pension plan's common stock 
fund, reported Darryl Deardorff, 
chief financial officer. An estimated 
1 5 percent of the common stock 
lund, which currently is invested in 
domestic stocks, will be allocated to 
Walden's socially responsible interna- 
tional common stock index fund, he 
said. Deardorff added that Walden's 

president, Geeta Bhide Aiyer, is noted 
for her leadership in socially respon- 
sible investing. 

Walden will also serve as manager 
of a fifth fund choice for BBT's 
Brethren Foundation Asset Manage- 
ment Service — an international 
common stock index fund that will be 
active by |uly. Foundation clients cur- 
rently have four fund choices — a 
domestic common stock fund, a bal- 
anced fund, a bond fund, and a 
short-term fund. 

The BBT board will ask Annual 
Conference delegates to approve 
revisions to its Articles of Organiza- 
tion and a proposed Church Workers' 
Assistance Plan. 

The Articles of Organization changes 
would allow BBT to provide services to 
non-Brethren individuals and organiza- 

tions that "share the values of the 
Church of the Brethren," said BBT 
president Wilfred E. Nolen. He added, 
however, that "our primary function is 
to serve the Church of the Brethren." 

If the proposal is approved, BBT 
would then consider offering pension 
benefit plans, welfare benefit plans, 
financial assistance programs, legal 
and tax information, financial man- 
agement, investment management, 
and other services. 

Annual Conference delegates will 
also be asked to approve expanding the 
Retired Church Workers' Fund and 
renaming it the Church Workers' Assis- 
tance Plan. The approval for expansion 
would enable the fund to provide finan- 
cial, legal, and tax assistance to active 
pastors and other church workers who 
have "extraordinary financial needs." 

10 Messenger July 1998 

Part of the solution 

In the last days of his life, 
Eldridse Clearer fornted a bond 

with the Unirersity of La Verne 
and its Brethren ralues 

Eldridge Cleaver 1937-1998 

BY Randy Miller 

Eldridge Cleaver, consultant to the Coalition for Diversity 
It the University of La Verne and former minister of infor- 
nation for the Black Panther Party, died May 1 of a heart 
attack. He was 62. 

Cleaver's affiliation with the university began last fall, 
rhe author of Soul on Ice spent Nov. 1 7 on campus, 
ipeaking to classes and addressing members of the faculty, 
student body, and the general public. He spoke not only of 
lis years as a Black Panther and his eight years in exile 
"oUowing a gun battle with Oakland, Calif., police officers 
n the late 1960s, but also of his conversion to Christian- 
ty. Some students, unsure of what to expect based on 
vhat they had read of his turbulent past, were surprised by 
vhat they encountered. 

"I thought [the Black Panthers] were a racist group 
because of the way history had portrayed them," ULV 
reshman Rachel Eldredge told a reporter for the Campus 
rimes, the university's weekly newspaper. "But after hcar- 
ng Eldridge speak, I began to understand what the Black 
'anthers were really about." 

At the end of the day. Cleaver found himself unexpectedly 
Irawn to the university. The welcome he had received from 
;tudents and faculty, along with the values and general char- 
icter of the institution, intrigued him. According to Sharon K. 
Davis, professor of sociology and criminology, the feeling was 
nutual. "We liked him and he liked us." Davis and Cleaver, 
ilong with other faculty members, began exploring ways a 
nore formal relationship could be established. On Feb. 1 5, 
[^leaver began his duties as a consultant. 

lohn Gingrich, dean of arts and humanities at the uni- 
'ersity, acknowledged that the atmosphere of the campus, 
vith its strong emphasis on community service and its 
oots in the Church of the Brethren, may have been part of 
vhat Cleaver found so appealing the day he spoke. 

"The emphasis on service at the university is a part of 
)ur curriculum. Our general education program is 
lesigned to fulfill the commitments we have in our mis- 
sion statement. So, with Eldridge Cleaver's interest in 
service and justice, I can see how he might have been 

attracted to us." 

La Verne's Protestant campus minister, Debbie Roberts 
of the Church of the Brethren, echoes Gingrich's senti- 
ments. "Our mission statement talks about service, 
community awareness, and building bridges. This comes 
from Brethren ideals. And Eldridge Cleaver was very much 
interested in building bridges. He could meet you on your 
own turf and help you across your turf to someone else's." 

Cleaver, who had participated in the planting of a "peace 
pole" on campus, phoned Roberts from Portland, Ore., 
days before his death to tell her he had noticed a miniature 
peace pole on the desk of a faculty member at a college 
where he was scheduled to speak. 

"People who knew him best saw him as a very wise 
person," Roberts added. "He was able to be a mentor to 
students. He had advice for them, yet he was always lis- 
tening. Some people accused him of selling out [when he 
became a Christian], but people who knew him didn't feel 
that. He gave us information we could never have found 
elsewhere. He was incredibly valuable to ULV." 

Cleaver often could be seen sitting with students in the Dav- 
enport Dining Hall, or chatting with a small gathering in the 
Wilson Library, where he had his own cubby and computer. 

At a memorial service held on campus, John Gingrich 
pointed out that Cleaver's influence on the university 
actually spanned three decades. He told those in atten- 
dance that former La Verne College President Leland 
Newcomer, known for his innovative ideas, was fond of 
quoting Cleaver's famous phrase, "If you're not part of the 
solution, you're part of the problem." 

"He was an elder to the community, and he was warmly 
received by everyone on campus," said Richard Rose, 
associate professor of religion and philosophy and diver- 
sity consultant, and perhaps Cleaver's closest friend at the 
university. "We were the last community to claim him as 
their own. Let the record show that this is where the story 
of his life, on this side of eternity, ends." 

Randy Miller is managing editor of llie journal Together, and editor of 
the MARC Newsletter, both publications of World Vision International. He 
is an adjunct faculty member at the University of La Verne. He and his 
family are active members of the La Verne Church of the Brethren. 

July 1998 Messenger 11 

The spirit that gave birth to BVS 

It was an ele ctr ify ing moment 
when prayer and history met up 

with youth and the Holy Spirit 
at the 1948 Annual Conference. 



Photos courtesy of Brethren Historical Library and Archives 

BY James H. Lehman 

Alma Moyers (Long) was the one who approached the moderator. 
Dr. Calvert N. Ellis, with the young people's motion. 

A small young man with big ideas stood on an orange 
crate to make a motion that had reached the floor of 
Annual Conference through a highly unorthodox 
process allowed by a moderator who usually went by the 

This dramatic 1948 beginning for BVS, remembered 
and turned almost into legend, overshadows the fact 
that Brethren had been volunteering service long before 
Brethren Volunteer Service began. 

Brethren were doing volunteer work as early as the 
1930s. In 1942 Annual Conference considered a query 
from the Council of Boards, the forerunner of the Gen- 
eral Brotherhood Board (GBB), stating, "Youth of the 
church have been serving for a number of years in areas 
of human need, giving one year of their lives without 
compensation." The query requested "that Annual Con- 
ference approve the principle of volunteer service by % 
members of the church." The terse decision: "Request 

This authorization was never acted on. By then World 
War II was heating up, and suddenly the Brethren Ser- 
vice Committee (BSC) had the huge task of creating "^ 
placements for hundreds of Brethren young men who 
were choosing Civilian Public Service (CPS) over mili- 
tary service. 

Still, volunteer work went on. At the same time men 
were going into CPS, Brethren were sending volunteers 
(men and women) to Castaner, Puerto Rico; the state 
mental hospital in Elgin, III.; the new clothing process- 
ing center at New Windsor, Md.; and other projects. 

In 1943, BSC already had Brethren in places like Eng- 
land and Spain dealing with war prisoners and 
beginning relief efforts. This activity accelerated as the 
war drew to a close and Brethren geared up for the relief 
and reconstruction they knew would be needed. The 

12 Messenger July 1998 

"If you want to get the Brethren interested in the peace movement, you 
have to get the ideas of the young people out into the churches. " 

reports of BSC for both 1 945 and 
1946 detail these efforts and call 
attention to ongoing volunteer work. 

Thus the seeds were planted. The 
volunteer movement had begun. But 
it wasn't the church leaders who 
brought it to fruition. It was the 

Annual Conference in 1947 met 
lune 10-15 in Orlando, Fla. M.R. 
Zigler, the executive secretary of 
BSC, just back from Europe, spoke 
to the youth in a football stadium, 
telling them about the hunger and 
homelessness, the illness and misery, 
the devastated land and leveled cities 
all over Europe. "His [Zigler's] first- 
hand accounts of the suffering he 
had seen in Europe shook his hear- 
ers," writes Brethren historian 
Donald Durnbaugh. "His message 
was electrifying. It shocked the youth 
into a state of horror. Dismay and 
soul-searching followed, then the 
questions, 'What can we do?' The 
decision was to begin praying and 
wait for an answer." 

The youth cabinet, with Charlotte 
Weaver (Anderson) as president and 
Don Snider as national youth direc- 
tor, called a round-the-clock vigil to 
pray for peace, inviting all youth and 
all conferencegoers to participate. 
Plans were to keep it going all 
through Conference week. 

One evening after a BSC session 
much like today's "insight sessions," 
some youth and adults lingered to 
talk, and again the idea of voluntary 
service came up. Edson Sower, a 
young man from Ohio, was there, as 
were M. R. Zigler; Kermit Eby, who 
was a labor activist, soon to join the 
University of Chicago faculty; Dan 
West, GBB staff member and 
Brethren innovator; and a young 
woman, also from Ohio, named Alma 
Moyers (Long), who remembers 

what Kermit Eby said: "If you want 
to get the Brethren interested in the 
peace movement, you have to get the 
ideas of the young people out into 
the churches." In Alma's view, that 
discussion led directly to the activi- 
ties of the next year and the events at 
the 1948 Conference. 

A lot happened in that summer of 
1947. On the train from Conference, 
somewhere between Orlando and 
Atlanta, Charlotte Weaver, a young 
man from California named Gerry 
Pence, and two other youth decided 
the prayer vigil was too important to 
drop. "Let's continue it through the 
summer," they said. They contacted 
the Brethren summer camps and 
assigned various months to different 
camps. The idea caught fire. 

Later in the summer, Charlotte 
Weaver, Don Snider, and two other 
youth were sent by the church to an 
international youth conference in 
Oslo, Sweden, where they met and 
listened to 1,400 youth from 80 
countries. Afterward, these four trav- 
eled all over Europe visiting the 
places where Brethren were already 
at work in their relief and rehabilita- 
tion efforts. Don Snider remembers 
zigzagging across international bor- 
ders 33 times and bringing back a 
vivid picture of the need and of the 
Brethren volunteers who were 
already responding to it. 

Meanwhile about 40 youth gath- 
ered in Salina, Kan., for a workcamp 
and peace institute. They built a 
community playground and did a 
door-to-door survey. They studied 
the Bible, discussed international 
problems, studied the history of the 
peace movement, looked at Jesus' 
teachings, looked at the post-war 
needs. They were led by an impres- 
sive group of church leaders, among 
whom were lack and Arlcnc Kough, 

Dan West, and Ed and Helene Crill. 

Intended to be a two-week event, it 
was such a high spiritual adventure 
that the campers extended it for 
another two weeks. They were very 
serious about peace. Edson remem- 
bers that his whole reason for going 
was to push for a volunteer service. 

Dan West challenged them to begin 
by starting peace caravans. The idea 
caught on: send groups of young 
people out across the Brotherhood to 
ask Brethren to think about peace. 
One of the workcampers remembers 
hearing Edson Sower say, "Our call- 
ing is to make peace. Let's do it!" 

Plans were to keep the caravans 
going for a whole year. Those who 
could pledged themselves to travel. 
Other who could not travel pledged 
themselves to pray and provide 
money. One Manchester graduate 
from Ohio, Mary Lou Bowman 
(Smith), gave up a secure job with a 
good salary teaching school. In keep- 
ing with the ongoing prayer of that 
summer, the workcampers kept a 24- 
hour vigil on the banks of a creek, 
and on the last night they lit candles 
and floated them downstream to 
symbolize their commitment. 

The first group to hit the road was 
four men and a woman. Soon others 
joined. They divided into two 
groups, traveling mostly in the Mid- 
west and South. They went to a 
different church each week, staying 

Dr. Calvert N. Ellis, moderator, and 

Dr. Paul Bcnvmaii. moderator-elect 
and president of Bridgewaler 
College, together at the 1 948 
Annual Conference. 

July 1998 Messenger 13 

"Somehow I knew it was going to happen. 
It was just like a gift of the Spirit or something. " 

in the homes of members, helping 
with the Sunday service if asl<:ed, 
meeting with the youth and any other 
wilUng church group. They met with 
community groups and spoke at high 
schools. One of the caravaners, Betty 
Wolfl<ill (Rogers), who now lives in 
McPherson, Kan., remembers their 
self-assurance with some embarrass- 
ment. "We young squirts went out 
and told them what to think. How 
presuming!" Still, the Brethren 
received these idealistic and ener- 
getic youth with courtesy and 

Ted Chambers, a Manchester Col- 
lege student from Michigan, missed 
the workcamp at Salina, but joined 
that first 1947 caravan, and stayed 
with it the whole time until the fol- 
lowing summer. He remembers they 
went to Churches of the Brethren in 
Texas, Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, 
Indiana, and Illinois. He also 
remembers they sometimes tried to 
practice their peacemaking by offer- 
ing to mediate internal disputes in 
the host church. In one little congre- 
gation where he sensed an internal 
rift, he gave a speech, invited them to 
stand up and hold hands, and had 
them sing together. 

During the holidays that winter, 
the peace caravaners sent Ted to 
observe the United Nations in action 
at its headquarters in New York. 
What he learned in that trip became 
part of the picture he presented in 
his peace caravan work. Ted had a 
gift for communication. He enjoyed 
the challenge of talking to people 
who might be less than excited about 
his peace message. 

Gerry Pence commented fifty years 
later, "He could present a program 

Dr. Calvert N. i\\\s, president ofluniata 
College and moderator at the 1948 
Annual Conference, made an 
unprecedented decision to ask the 
delegate body to consider the motion 
asking for the creation of BVS. even 
though the motion had not come 
through Stamling Committee. 

in a way that you'd say, 'Yeah, that's 
right!' When he visited service clubs 
(on the peace caravans) he'd say, 
'Gentlemen! I'm going to make you 
mad, but I'm going to make you 

The youth came to the 1948 
Annual Conference (|une 15-20) at 
Colorado Springs, Colo., with more 
momentum than anyone realized, 
even themselves. They had kept their 
prayer vigil and their peace caravans 
going all year, and the caravaners 
were excited about volunteer service. 
Young leaders from all over the 
country had met with the National 
Youth Cabinet in a sort of mini youth 

conference in Chicago just before 
heading to Colorado Springs, and 
they were full of new ideas. After 
praying and working for peace all 
year, the youth were saying, "Let's 
do something! Come on, adults. Get 
on board." 

So they arrived at Conference 
ready to act. Edson and Ted were 
there, active, vocal, full of vision. 
Dan West was there, lobbying in the 
background. But amazingly, no one 
came with a plan. No proposal had 
been sent to Standing Committee. 
No one came with a prepared 
motion. Instead, there was all this 
energy and prayer and talk and activ- 
ity. When it all came together, 
something like spontaneous combus- 
tion happened. 

Each day activities began with an 
early morning prayer vigil in a local 
park where the young people would 
make a circle, hold hands, and pray 

Dan West, General Brotherhood Board 
staff member and Brethren innovator, 
played an important role behind the 
scenes helping the young people to 
present their motion to the moderator 
at the 1948 Annual Conference. 

14 Messenger July 1998 

"I'm Ted Chambers from Grand Rapids, Mich., 
and believe it or not, I'm 22 years old. " 

for direction. Then on Wednesday, 
June 16, a local radio station inter- 
viewed three people. Two of them 
were Dan West and Alma Moyers 
(Long). "I prayed a lot about what I 
should say," she remembers from her 
present home in Ohio, "and during 
that interview ... I found myself 
saying that before the end of the week 
the young people would be proposing 
a new program for youth concerning 
peace and service. I just said that! And 
after I said it, 1 thought, 'Well, how do 
you know that?' It was just kind of 
like it was a word of knowledge. 
Somehow 1 knew it was going to 
happen. It was just like a gift of the 
Spirit or something." 

Alma, Ted, Edson, and a fourth 
youth, Doris Ruth Myers (Brubaker), 
created a questionnaire that they dis- 
tributed to more than 100 youth. 
Ninety-five percent said a volunteer 
program should be started and 89 
percent said they would join it. 

The next morning, Saturday, June 
19, the youth discussed the results in 
a large meeting. That day, they 
knew, the BSC report would be pre- 
sented to the Conference body in the 
afternoon session. This would be the 
time, they decided, to bring up the 
idea. But there was a lot to do. 
Someone had to write it up and 
figure out how to get it on the Con- 
ference floor. 

Dan West helped them hurriedly 
draft the proposal and coached them 
on how to present it. They knew it 
was a long shot. It was nearly impos- 
sible to bring an item of new 
business to the floor at the last 
minute. The polity was clear; items 
had to go through Standing Com- 
mittee and be placed on the agenda 

M. R. Zigler, who was executive 
secretary of the Brethren Service 
Committee inspired the young people 
in a speech at the 1947 Annual 
Conference in Orlando. Florida. 

ahead of time. 

Because Alma was a delegate from 
her home congregation in Ohio, she 
was stuck with the unenviable job of 
approaching the moderator. Dr. 
Calvert N. Ellis, president of luniata 
College. She looked for him, discov- 
ered he had gone to lunch, waited, 
and finally caught him backstage. 

"It was just before the afternoon 
session," Alma recalls. "I was back 
behind this curtain, and I had this 
paper in my hand. I felt like a mouse 
against a giant. I told him the young 
people have an idea they'd like to 
bring up at Conference. I felt like I 
was only two inches high. You can 
imagine, being a delegate and talking 
to the moderator! 

"He said, 'Well, we've never done 
this before. Standing Committee has 
to pass on everything.' 

"Of course, I knew that. Dan West 
had already told us he didn't know if 
we could get this done. Calvert Ellis 
didn't put us down. He just said. 

'We'll see what we can do about it.'" 

Dr. Ellis was a man who appreci- 
ated correct procedure. He was not 
rigid, but he did not quickly abandon 
practices that worked well and were 
designed for a good purpose. He had 
only a lew minutes to make up his 
mind. He knew he had the option of 
asking the delegate body if they were 
willing to accept this as an item of 
new business. 

On the podium that year were the 
writing clerk. Dr. William Beahm, 
dean of Bethany Biblical Seminary; 
the reading clerk, Paul Robinson, 

A whimsical drawing by Kermon 
Thomasson of how Ted Chambers 
might have looked when he climbed 
onto the orange crate at the 1948 
Annual Conference to make the motion 
asking for the creation ofBVS. 

June 1998 Messenger 1 5 

The motion that made history 

The motion placed by the youth before the 1948 Annual Conference, 
which resulted in the creation of Brethren Volunteer Service: The type- 
written original is in the possession of Alma Moyers Long. 

We, a group of young people at the 1948 Annual Con- 
ference, because of a concern for Brethren youth, in 
the event of conscription, wish to present to the dele- 
gate body this plan for immediate action. 

1. We plead for a plan of definite action to implement 
the general statement of the conference on the posi- 
tion and practices of the Church of the Brethren in 
relation to war. 

2. We recommend that a broad plan of volunteer ser- 
vice be instituted for Brethren, especially those of 
conscription age, at once. We further recommend that 
this plan carry over into any crisis period as the core 
of our alternative service program. We are willing 
and anxious to cooperate with the General Brother- 
hood Board in constructing such a plan. 

3- Finally, we ask for the immediate and continuing 
support of the entire Brotherhood in the carrying out 
and financing of such a program. 

16 Messenger July 1998 

7 can still see him coming down the aisle carrying his 
orange crate, and everybody laughing about it. " 

pastor of the Hager- 
stown, Md,, 
zongregation and later 
^resident of Bethany; 
and the moderator- 
;lect, Dr. Paul 
Bowman, president of 
Bridgewater College. 
Beahm and Robinson 
A'ere willing to bend 
:he rules and allow the 
tern. They sensed its 
mportance and nei- 
;her was quite as 
starchy as Ellis. But it 
vas Paul Bowman, 
"ellow college presi- 
dent, who helped Ellis 
Tiake up his mind. 
'We'd better listen to 
he young people," 
Bowman said. 

So Ellis decided, 
rhe call had to be his 
3wn, because there 
vas no time to run the idea past 
Standing Committee. The afternoon 
session was about to begin. The 
/oung people had selected Ted 
[Chambers, who was a delegate from 
lis home church in Grand Rapids, 
Vlich., to make the proposal. Ellis 
nade an arrangement with Ted to 
^ive him a sign when it was time to 
King up the item. 

All the young people gathered in 
he balcony. It was agreed that Alma 
Vloyers and Charlotte Anderson and 
Fed would speak to the motion. But 
here was one small problem. Ted 
[Chambers was very short. How 
vould he reach the mike? How 
vould he be seen? It was Dan West 
A'ho came up with the solution. That 
Tiorning he went out and fetched an 
grange crate from a nearby grocery 

Everything was ready. Alma and 
Fed were sitting side by side in the 

In addition to its huge task of organizing Civilian Public Service during World 
War II, the Brethren Service Committee coordinated vohmteer service for men 
and women during the war years. Here is BSC in a 1944 meeting. 

delegate section with the orange 
crate beside Ted's seat. Calvert Ellis 
was explaining that the youth were 
asking to bring a matter to the Con- 
ference floor. "The officers have 
met," he said, "and we believe this is 
of such importance that it ought to 
be admitted as business." A vote was 
taken and the delegates agreed to 
consider the matter. 

Ellis gave Ted the sign. "I can still 
see him coming down the aisle carry- 
ing his orange crate, and everybody 
laughing about it," Paul Robinson 

He climbed up on the crate, all 4 
feet 1 inches of him, and took the 
mike. "Ladies and gentlemen," he 
said, "I'm Ted Chambers from Grand 
Rapids, Mich., and believe it or not, 
I'm 22 years old." People laughed. 
The ice was broken. "And I have to 
interrupt this meeting," he went on, 
reading the motion and then making 

a speech. 

One of the 
things about 
that moment 
is that beyond 
those few 
words, no 
one living 
what Ted 
said — not 
Ted, not Paul 
not Alma 
Long. They 
that it was a 
speech, that it 
excitement, that 
it stirred almost 
immediate support. 

After Ted, Alma Moyers spoke, and 
so did Charlotte Weaver. None of 
them can remember what they said, 
nor does anyone else remember. 
Authorized audio recordings of Con- 
ference began only the following 
year. There is no tape for 1948. It 
was an historic moment. People 
remember what it felt like, what they 
thought, but not the words that actu- 
ally made it happen. 

There were no speeches in opposi- 
tion, and when the vote was taken, it 
was unanimous. The motion to 
create a volunteer service for young 
people had passed! The youth in the 
balcony broke into cheers, something 
Brethren of the time did not do in 
business sessions or anywhere else. 
"It took Conference so much by 
storm," Edson Sower remembers. "It 
was amazing the support it got 
almost immediately. Ted really won 

July 1998 Messenger 17 

"You could just feel the power of God in that place!" 

Don Snider, wlw was natioiud youth 
director in 1948. would later become 
BVS training director ill the 1960s. 

Participants in the workcamp and peace institide at 
Salina. Kan., in the summer of 1947. 

the support of Conference." 

"We felt it was a kairos moment," 
Paul Robinson says. "The time was 
right. The young people were con- 
cerned. We felt it was a great cause. 
We felt all of this overruled the 
objections of protocol." 

Calvert Ellis admitted in a conver- 
sation many years later in 1994, just 
before he died, that he never 
expected the program to amount to 
anything and how wrong he was. 

"I don't suppose any of us recog- 
nized how significant that moment 
was," Paul Robinson says. "We never 
dreamed that Brethren Volunteer 
Service would become what it has 
become. But we did think this was an 
idea whose time had come. If the 
youth had not been as insistent as 
they were, if Dan West had not been 
insistent, probably it would never 
have come to Conference that year. 

The unusual thing was that it came 
without being on the agenda." 

"When the young people stood up 
and cheered," Alma Moyers Long 
recalls, "the whole Conference was 
surprised. I remember that evening 
at suppertime everybody was talking 
about it. It was a big thing. . . . The 
Holy Spirit was just so in evidence. It 
was just like Pentecost! |ust like a 
football game! You could just feel the 
power of God in that place!" 

She also remembers Dan West's 
comment, "This baby's born now! 
What do we do with it?" 

The Brethren did more with BVS 
than anyone expected, even those 
idealistic young people. In the 50 
years since the Colorado Springs 
action, Brethren Volunteer Service 
has placed more than 5,000 volun- 
teers in projects in the US and all 

over the world. It has provided 
countless opportunities for volun- 
teers to serve people in need and to 
build relationships across barriers of 
religion, race, language, and eco- 
nomic status. 

Equally important, it has offered 
challenging experiences where the 
volunteers can learn about them- 
selves and grow. It has given 
invaluable training to several genera- 
tions of Brethren leaders and has 
encouraged many youth to go into 
full-time service in the church and 
elsewhere. As it celebrates its 50th 
year, it remains one of the most vital 
programs of the Church of the nrr 
Brethren. I 

lim Leizman of Elgin. III. is a writer and 
publisher of children's stories. He is working on 
a new project to collect and publish folk songs 
and stories for Brethren and people of like 
mind. His daughter. Jessica, is currently a BVS 
worker in Northern Ireland. 

18 Messenger July 1998 

BVS healing the wounds of war 

After a devastating war in Croatia, reconciliation is 
a long, slow process. Brethren Volunteer Service is there to help. 

Nathan Hegedus stayed on in a new 
assignment in Pakrac, Croatia, 
after his BVS tour there ended. 

"•''■ taster, 

'nteer ^^^^^W 


BY Nathan Hegedus 

The war in Croatia is over. The 
Croatians gained their indepen- 
dence from a repressive, Serb- 
dominated Yugoslavia and the Croatian 
Army brutally crushed the Croatian 
Serb rebellions inside the country. 

But the effects of the war linger in 
the most basic ways. Housing is the 
most important issue facing every 
group in the war-affected areas. Many 
houses were destroyed in the fighting. 
Many were burned by vengeful people 
on all sides. And many houses are 
occupied by refugees from the war in 
Bosnia. At least three groups — local 

Croatians, Serbs from Croatia who 
want to return to their homes, and the 
Bosnian refugees who occupy Serb 
houses — are all confused and more 
than a little desperate. These housing 
problems simply exacerbate the ten- 
sions left over from the war in Croatia 
fought in 1991 and 1992. 

Reconciliation is a long, slow 
process and there is pain on all sides. 
Imagine how difficult it would be to 
start the process of rebuilding trust if 
you were not allowed to enter your 
own home. Or, on the other hand, if 
you were occupying someone else's 
home but had no place else to live. 
What happens when the owner wants 
to return and has the government on 

his side? Besides these problems, all of 
former Yugoslavia is just starting to 
undergo the transition from socialism 
to capitalism, further complicating 
questions of ownership. 

Technically, the state owned all of 
these houses. But the state does not 
make much effort at reconciliation. 
Croatia is a country still flush with 
military victory and its first true inde- 
pendence in 700 years and so does not 
want to give much ground to Serbs 
who want their houses back. One 
Brethren Volunteer Service worker 
and two ex-BVSers are active in work- 
ing on the housing problems in three 
regions of Croatia with three types of 

July 1998 Messenger 19 

Gail Long was in BVS for over 
three years, volunteering in Bel- 
grade, Serbia, and Vukovar, a town 
in Eastern Slavonia, on the eastern 
border of Croatia, which recently 
completed a United Nations-admin- 
istered transition to Croatian control. 
After BVS Gail became a UN volun- 
teer, working on housing problems. 

The problems were for the most part 
the same. Gail says that her UN job 
involves more "emotional support and 
listening to their problems than any- 
thing else." She met with local 
government officials and tried to 
direct the mostly elderly clients to the 
proper government offices. This was 
frustrating since she knew that the 
government officials would not help. 

Gail thinks that the UN mission 
helped, and some people were able to 
return to their homes. But she is not 
optimistic for the future of the area. 
The number of violent incidents is 
actually low, but the general attitude 
of the authorities is reactionary and 
depressing. Much will be decided 
this summer when the weather allows 
more Croats to come to Eastern 
Slavonia and more Serbs to leave the 
region and return to their original 
homes elsewhere. 

According to Gail, her BVS experi- 
ence was invaluable for preparing her 
for her UN job. She learned to have 
faith in herself and to find her own 
way. She needed a strong sense of 
purpose to be effective in the sur- 
prisingly unstructured though 
bureaucratic UN. Most of the people 
Gail met through BVS in the Serbian 
peace movement and women's move- 
ment were devoted to their work. 
The UN, on the other hand, is just a 
regular paycheck for many of the 
internationals. BVS also immersed 
Gail in the ex-Yugoslavia. She had 
already extended her BVS term an 
extra year but did not want to leave 
the region because she felt too close 
to the people and events. 

Here's an example of the complex- 
ity of her work: A Serb and a Croat 

came to Gail's office to try to solve 
their housing problem together. The 
Serb was occupying the Croat's 
home. But the Serb could not leave 
because a second Croat was occupy- 
ing his original home in Osijek. And 
this third man refused to leave, even 
though his original home had been 
rebuilt. He did not want to be one of 
the first to return to the "Serb-domi- 
nated" war zone where he formerly 

The first Croat and the Serb were 
cooperating, but the authorities 
refused to help because of the inter- 
ethnic cooperation. When they 
insisted the Serb leave the office, the 
Croat always left too. But even this 
cooperation broke down under the 
pressure of the Croatian reintegra- 
tion of Eastern Slavonia. The first 
Croat eventually told his Serb friend 
that he would kick him out of his 
house if he did not leave immedi- 
ately. The Croat was frustrated and 

This three-way mess is typical of 
housing problems in the war-torn 
Balkans. But this one was "easy," 
compared to some problems, in that 
all three involved were from the same 
area. Out in Western Slavonia, that is 
not the case. 

My name is Nathan Hegedus and 
I work for America's Develop- 
ment Foundation in Pakrac, a town 
in Western Slavonia, about two 
hours west of Osijek. I was one of 
four Brethren Volunteer Service 
workers to work here in Pakrac 
between 1994 and 1997 in a grass- 
roots peace project. 

I stayed in the Volunteer Project 
Pakrac for over a year and then 
helped start a youth newspaper in a 
project in Eastern Slavonia. I took 
this job back in Pakrac because it 
gave me a chance to become more 
intensively involved in this one 
region rather than start over some- 
place new. I could build on my BVS 
work here. In fact, my BVS experi- 

ence in Pakrac is what made me 
qualified for the job. I knew the 
region, 1 knew the language, and I 
knew how to function in a difficult 
place like Pakrac. 

ADF is an American organization 
that provides funding to local 
groups. In Western Slavonia, the 
focus is on free legal assistance. 

Western Slavonia was a former 
UN-protected zone like Eastern 
Slavonia but with an important dif- 
ference. In Western Slavonia in May 
1995, the Croatian Army invaded the 
Serb-held part of the region and 
conquered it in a matter of days. 

Between the initial fighting in 
1991, which destroyed 80 percent of 
Pakrac, and the 1995 action, most of 
the region's 80,000 Serbs left. The 
question now is whether they can 
return if they want to rebuild their 
lives in Croatia. 

The problems with returns are 
legion. If these Western Slavonian 
Serbs were refugees in the UN-con- 
trolled Eastern Slavonia they could 
easily get Croatian documents. But if 
they were in Serbia itself or in the 
Serb republic in Bosnia to the south, 
then getting Croatian documents is 
almost impossible. 

The next important question is 
about housing. Is their house still 
standing? Thousands of homes were 
destroyed in the war. Many Serb 
homes in "peaceful" areas were 
burned or bombed in retaliation for 
the war going on elsewhere. Yet there 
are enough homes to house all the 
Croats and Serbs who stayed, as well 
as the returning Serbs. 

However, Western Slavonia is 
filled with ethnic Croat refugees 
from Bosnia and Serbia. The occu- 
pation of Serb homes was legal 
under an old Croatian law. Now, 
under pressure from the interna- 
tional community, the government is 
changing the laws. But new laws 
mean nothing if the local authorities 
are unwilling to move the Bosnians 
out. It would be political suicide for 

20 Messenger July 1998 

a mayor to move out Bosnian victims 
of Serb aggression and then move in 
Serbs, whom tiie locals blame for the 
"aggression" in Croatia. 

Of course most of the returning 
Serbs are not guilty at all. War crimi- 
nals will not return to Croatia. But 
emotions run deep after a war. And if 
the Bosnians were kicked out, then 
where would they go? Even local 
Croats think many Bosnian Croats 
have exploited the social system, but 
the majority of Bosnian Croats are 
also innocent victims. They are just 
in the way. 

So international organizations and 
governments both try to promote the 
almost impossible "three-way 
return." Here's an example: A Serb 
who occupies a Croat home in East- 
ern Slavonia wants to return to his 
home in Western Slavonia, which is 
occupied by a Bosnian Croat. The 
Bosnian Croat's home in Bosnia is 
occupied by a Serb from the Muslim 
part of Bosnia whose house is now 
occupied by a Muslim refugee whose 
house is occupied by a Serb from 
Croatia. The confusion can go on 
and on and on. 

My job with ADF is to monitor and 
support the legal aid project. This 
means that my two assistants and 1 
drive around to talk to the lawyers. 
The lawyers handle citizenship and 
property issues as well as social 
issues such as pensions and back 
taxes. All these issues were compli- 
cated by the war. 

The lawyers often cannot help their 
clients in the face of government 
"administrative" silence. So they 
listen to the clients' problems and try 
to comfort them. I, subsequently, go 
to listen to the lawyers and give them 
a chance to discuss their problems, 
such as emotional exhaustion and 

I am now one level removed from 
my volunteer days when I talked to 
the people. So I understand how 
important that support is for the 
lawyers. We also work with the orga- 

nization to help it run more effi- 
ciently. I write reports intended to 
influence to some small degree the 
political pressure on the Croatian 

After the pure grass-roots experi- 
ence of volunteering with BVS, it is 
interesting to be slightly involved in 
the higher political games. I still 
believe that the everyday life of the 
citizens in Western Slavonia is the 
most important area for work. But 
the high-level political pressure is 
also necessary, especially in a cen- 
tralized, almost authoritarian 
country like Croatia. 

Chris Weller, a Brethren from 
Virden, 111., is a Brethren Volun- 
teer Service worker. He works for 
the Balkan Peace Team (BPT) in 
Split, Croatia, which is on the sea- 
coast and is a paradise compared to 
Vukovar or Pakrac. Chris is the fifth 
BVSer to work for the Balkan Peace 
Team. BVS was integrally involved in 
the Balkan Peace Team from its 

Before going to work for the Balkan 
Peace Team, Chris volunteered in a 
rural region, which had also been 
under Serb control, near the Croatian 
capital of Zagreb. The Balkan Peace 
Team is an international NGO (non- 
governmental organization) that 
monitors the political situation and 
provides support to local activists by 
accompanying them in situations 
where an international presence 
ensures safety. 

Split was not in the war but is near 
Knin, the heart of the Serb rebellion 
in Croatia. The area around Knin 
was known as the Krajina when it 
was controlled by the Serbs. The 
Croatian military was brutal in the 
Krajina, murdering elderly Serbs and 
burning entire villages to the ground. 
Over 100,000 Serbs tied from the 
Krajina into Bosnia and Serbia. 

So the basic issues here are the 
same as in Western Slavonia. Serbs 
want to return, but manv of their 

homes are occupied by Bosnian 
Croat refugees, and the government, 
despite public assurances to the con- 
trary, does not really want the Serbs 

But one cannot just paint the 
Bosnian Croats as the bad guys. 
According to Chris Weller, "one of 
the most difficult things about the 
housing issues is that many of the 
Bosnian Croats do not have any- 
where else to go. It would be easy to 
look at them as opportunists, here 
only for the free house. But this is 
not always true." 

The Balkan Peace Team often 
serves as a crucial link between local 
grass-roots groups and big interna- 
tional organizations. This also helps 
the local organizations by developing 
their capacities. 

All of us internationals will go 
home one day and hopefully Croat- 
ian civil society will be strong enough 
to keep moving the country towards 
openness and democracy. 

"Without constant international 
pressure it will be difficult for Serbs 
to return to their homes," Chris says. 
He heard from one local that over 70 
percent of Serb refugees would like 
to return to Croatia. But under what 
conditions would people actually 

There are some empty, unde- 
stroyed villages in the ex- Krajina 
region, but they are too isolated for 
Bosnian Croats or even the Serbs 
who used to live there, due to the 
destruction of the local railroad line. 
The security situation is improving 
for returnees, in that the burnings, 
lootings, and physical harassment 
have almost stopped, is that enough? 

The bureaucratic harassment of 
the government makes life difficult in 
different ways. Chris, Gail, and I are 
all daily frustrated by our jobs. The 
situation can be a bit surreal. 

Says Chris: "1 was speaking with one 
human rights worker who lived in Knin 
the entire time. She said that the rela- 
tions between the Croats and Serbs 

July 1998 Messengef^21 

(continued from page 1 7) 
who lived in Knin before the war are 
relatively good. The biggest tensions 
are between not only the Serbs and 
Bosnian Croats but also between the 
'local' Croats and the Bosnian Croats. 
This means that the relationships 
between the two groups that fought the 
war seven years ago now are the small- 
est source of tension." 

There are small victories to go with 
the frustrations. Chris knew a few 
Serb families that were evicted from 

their homes but, with United Nations 
help, were allowed to return because 
the local government had no one to 
move into the homes. The changes in 
the housing laws are also hopeful, 
but will the government ever have the 
courage to implement the changes? 
Will the international community 
have the courage to challenge Croa- 
tia to change? 

Chris, Gail, and I are working on 
issues that will not be solved quickly. 
Millions of people will need to work 

for years and years in order for 
Croatia or Bosnia to reach stability 
and prosperity. But one has to hope 
that the small steps being taken in 
Croatia by BVSers and ex-BVSers, 
among many others, will pay off in 
the long run. The hope is that one 
day all the people in this region will 
be able to live in the area and in rrj- 
the homes that they choose. f^' 

Nathan Hegediis is a former BVS worker. 
His story came to Messenger by e-mail from 
Pakrac. Croatia. 

Brethrening ^^ ^ 

A word to work for ^ 

Her deep brown eyes send question marks. I try again, 
this time adding gestures. The question marks continue. I 
use different words. Then I see flashes of recognition. 
"Understand." Azra's face rela.xes. She smiles. 

All through the hour and a half we are together, we 
struggle to connect. I point to pictures and their labels 
from the Sunday advertisements. "This is a skirt. This is a 
shirt. These are shoes. This is a cupboard. This is a sink." 

Words with r's and //7"s cause facial contortions. 
"Skirt," I pronounce. 

"Skirt" is echoed. 

"Good." I point to the calendar. "I'll say the days of the 
week. Then you say them. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, 
rftursday." Goran has watched my mouth. He sticks out 
his tongue and snickers. "T/zursday." 

"Excellent! Bravo!" We all laugh. 

"Now, let's practice the alphabet. Azra." 

"1, beh." 

"A, b," I correct. 

We continue until I see they are tired. Concentrating on 
new sounds and trying to ascertain meanings is hard 
work. The Yugoslavian alphabet and sounds are different. 
Occasionally I sense recognition as Azra tells me their 
word that is similar. 

I sing "America the Beautiful" and ask about their 
national anthem. 

"No national song," Azra replies. "The war." (ust as she 
had told me a previous day when I showed pictures of my 
family. "No pictures. The war." I feel sad. 

When we began meeting six weeks ago, I kept raising 
my voice to make myself understood. I explained an apol- 
I'm sorry." 

They smile. "Okay." They were not offended. 

Azra and Goran Trifkovic came to St. Petersburg from 

Sarajevo in August last year. They have both worked in a 
microchip factory in Largo with other immigrants, some 
Bosnian, some Cuban, some Vietnamese. Many weeks 
they work six days and some days overtime. Recently 
Goran began carpentry, his trade, with a friend who 
knows a little English. He likes the work but struggles 
with inches, feet, yards, and directions. His supervisor is 

Azra is a beautician but has no license, so must con- 
tinue working in the factory. She has beautiful black hair 
cut stylishly short, olive-toned skin, and dark brown eyes. 

Goran loves to say, "You are welcome." He calls me 
"teacher." He is balding, has a round face, and a few 
teeth missing in front. When he pronounces words cor- 
rectly he beams. "Good," he brags. "Good," I affirm. We 
both smile. 

I must be careful that my responses to their truncated 
attempts at communicating are not more chopped 
phrases. So we work on complete sentences. "My work, 
Yugoslavia, Vietnam, Cuba. No English," Azra explains. 

I write, then say, "At my work there are Yugoslavians, 
Vietnamese, and Cubans around me. No one speaks Eng- 
lish." She repeats the sentences. Underneath, on the 
yellow legal pad I write, "At my work I am surrounded by 
Yugoslavians, Vietnamese, and Cubans." 

"What surwiinded?" 

I show a circle with my finger — "surrounded." 

"Understand." Her word and her eyes have told me. 
What a beautiful moment. After grappling, searching, ges- 
turing, trying again, "understand." A word to work for. 

— [ean Lersch. First Church of the BreiSiren, St. Petersburg. Fla. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, and humorous stories 
of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submissions to 
Messenger. Brethren Press. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 601 20- 1694 or 
e-mail to the editor at 

22 Messenger July 1998 

^^ ^J ^ 

m ppobitn WITH Piupniisn 

There's more to the gospel than live and let live 

BY Dale Aukerman 

rj recent sermon preached by a 
I I lawyer friend of mine was for me 
Dotln stimulating and disturbing. He 
iet forth a position that I've heard a 
jreat many times — most notably in 
\nnual Conference worships and 
nessages. His concern was that 
people and groups in the church are 
io inclined to criticize and attack one 
mother. He pointed to those who see 
hemselves as standing for God's 
ruth over against those who have 
urned away from it. 

His plea was that we be accepting 
jf one another in spite of our differ- 
;nces. He urged, as is so often done, 
hat we Brethren accept our plural- 
sm and thus accept everyone, no 

matter, he seemed to say, what posi- 
tion is held. We were called to accept 
positions we may personally disagree 
with as having a place within the 

I share the concern about mean 
and hostile attitudes. Love should 
shape all interactions between Chris- 
tians, even when there are major 
differences in understanding. About 
this side of things 1 agree with my 
friend and so many others I have 
heard. But he and they focus com- 
pletely on that one side. He said that 
what is crucial is not so much what 
we believe but how we behave toward 
each other; what is overridingly 
important for the church is that 
members be civil, gracious, and 
loving toward each other, especially 

when they disagree. 

This approach fails to recognize 
that there is another side, which is 
very much in tension with the first 
side. If the New Testament is our 
rule of faith and practice, the focus 
on loving acceptance taken just by 
itself is a grave misunderstanding. If 
lesus had lived out the stance that is 
being called for, he would hardly 
have gotten into trouble with the 
leaders of the religious establish- 
ment. He did criticize and challenge. 
He stated plainly that he saw his 
opponents as going against the true 
way of God. That upset them. 

In the Gospels jesus warned about 
false prophets and said that the com- 
munity of his disciples would need to 
deal with that threat. ("Beware of 

July 1998 Messenger 23 

false prophets, who come to you in 
sheep's clothing but inwardly are 
ravenous wolves. You will know them 
by their fruits." — Matt. 7:15-16) 

Many passages in the apostolic 
writings take up this motif; certain 
teachings and movements appearing 
even within the church are seen as 
constituting a denial of the gospel. 
("I am astonished that you are so 
quickly deserting him who called you 
in the grace of Christ and turning to 
a different gospel — not that there is 
another gospel, but there are some 
who trouble you and want to pervert 
the gospel of Christ." — Gal. 1 :6-7) 

A pluralistic acceptance approach 
does not face the possibility of false 
teachings that go against the heart of 
the gospel. It focuses only on the 
imperative to love others and gives 
no attention to the imperative to 
defend the Christian message against 
whatever would distort or deny it. 
But the latter imperative is expressed 
many times in the New Testament. 

Soon after Nazism came to power 
in Germany, the German Christians 
took over the leadership of the 
national churches. Their Christianity 
was shaped by Nazi ideology. Later 
there was general agreement that this 
German Christianity with its German 
ultra -nationalism, anti-Semitism, 
and total allegiance to an idolized 
leader was a perversion of Christian 
faith and that the so-called Confess- 
ing Church was right to oppose. A 
pluralistic acceptance approach 
would seem to have no recognition 
that there can be situations like that 
for the church. It is pathetically inad- 
equate for any such situation. 

A question for those who cham- 
pion such an approach is this: Is 
there anything, any view or behavior 
(in addition to unaccepting atti- 
tudes), that must be seen as 
out-of-bounds and untenable for the 
Christian church? II there isn't, a 
person or group can advocate any- 
thing at all in terms of beliefs or 
actions and still be viewed as having 

a rightful place within the church. 
The church is seen as standing for 
nothing (except perhaps loving 
acceptance of everyone) . 

If those who take this approach 
will admit that some things are out- 
of-bounds and untenable for the 
church, then they too are recognizing 
that this imperative that others with 
differing views be lovingly accepted 



The biblical 

writers saw in the 

human story the 

continuous struggle 

between right and 

wrong, betweeyi 
truth and falsehood. 


is not without limits. Then the ques- 
tion becomes. Where are the limits? 

The biblical writers saw in the 
human story the continuous struggle 
between right and wrong, between 
truth and falsehood. They saw for all 
human beings the urgent, awesome 
need, before God, to distinguish 
between the contending sides and to 
go with right and truth. A pluralistic 
acceptance approach lacks this seri- 

ousness about those alternatives, for 
it does not see them in the biblical 
way. This approach moves with the 
intellectual and moral relativism that 
prevails in our society: Whatever 
beliefs and behaviors people hold to 
are all right and fine for them, if not 
obviously destructive of others. 

Love is at the heart of Christianity, 
and it's easy to conclude that a plu- 
ralistic acceptance approach focuses 
on what is most basic. But the love 
revealed in lesus of Nazareth was not 
grounded in a relativism with regard 
to what may be right and true. It was 
grounded in who God is as holy, 
righteous, and sovereign, lesus in 
that love commanded, rebuked, 
showed anger, made amazing claims 
about himself. 

lesus and the New Testament writ- 
ers assumed that his disciples should 
and could stand for truth over 
against error, for righteousness over 
against sin, for faithfulness over 
against unfaithfulness. Not only 
God's love but also God's truth can 
be furthered by human beings. Our 
comprehension of God's truth is lim- 
ited and inadequate. Yet God gives 
us as Christians the task of striving 
to live and communicate that truth. A 
pluralistic acceptance approach 
focuses total attention on loving 
acceptance, but does not come to 
grips with the question of truth. 

Can we find in the New Testament 
a contrasting stance that meets 
the difficult issues being considered? 
I believe there are the elements of 
such a stance set forth in a wide 
range of passages. 

1 . Some differences of opinion 
among Christians are about rela- 
tively minor matters and are to be 
accepted and lived with in the 
church. Romans 14-15:6 and 1 
Corinthians 8 and 10:23-33 deal 
with differing points of view, espe- 
cially in regard to what one can 
rightly eat (because of Old Testa- 
ment dietary laws and the pagan 

24 Messenger July 1998 

jractice of sacrificing meat to idols). 
n such matters Paul urged that 
Christians welcome each other in 
heir differences (Rom. 15:7), not 
:ondemn others, and not do things 
hat could bring the spiritual ruin of 
hose who are weak. 

His prayer for the disagreeing 
;roups in Rome was, "May the God 
)f steadfastness and encouragement 
;rant you to live in such harmony 
vith one another, in accord with 
[Christ Jesus, that together you may 
vith one voice glorify the God and 
^ather of our Lord lesus Christ" 
Rom. 1 5:5-6). The different posi- 
ions could be brought into a 
larmony in accord with Christ )esus. 

In our present-day Brethren con- 
ext many questions about the 
pecifics of baptism, feetwashing, 
md the love feast or church polity 
md program can be seen similarly as 
juite secondary matters. 

2. There are other issues where 
[Christian faith itself is at stake. In 
hese. Christians must hold to and 
;ontend for what is the heart of the 
aith. Jesus claimed to be the way, 
md the truth and the life (John 
14:6). What God revealed and did in 
esus Christ is put before us in the 
*Jew Testament. In these writings 
;ertain teachings, views, and lines of 
iction are seen as clearly in opposi- 
ion to Christ. Some things are, and 
ilher things are not, in accord with 
[Christ Jesus. Moving against the 
jospel of Christ are contrary 
gospels — even within the church 
Gal. 1:6-9). 

The unity and harmony of the 
;hurch comes not because all people, 
;roups, and views should be seen as 
laving an accepted place in the 
;hurch, but because "there is one 
spirit . . . one hope . . . one Lord, 
jne faith, one baptism, one God and 
■^ather of us all" (Eph. 4:4-6). Jesus 
;aid, "If you continue in my word, 
/ou are truly my disciples, and you 
vill know the truth, and the truth 
vill make you free" (John 8:3 1 -32). 

By immersion in the revelation given 
through and in Jesus, Christians 
come to know the truth. They are 
also enabled to identify what is deci- 
sively important and what is less 

John, the apostle of love, warned: 
"Beloved, do not believe every spirit, 

but test the spirits to see whether they 
are of God; for many false prophets 
have gone out into the world" ( 1 Jn. 
4:1). John did not see the command to 
love, which he gave first, as going 
against his warning about deceivers: 
"Any one who goes ahead and does not 
abide in the doctrine of Christ does not 
have God; he who abides in the doc- 
trine of Christ has both the Father and 
the Son. If any one comes to you and 
does not bring this doctrine, do not 
receive him into the house or give him 
any greeting; for he who greets him 
shares his wicked work" (2 Jn. 9-1 1). 

Strong words indeed! Those who 
spread teachings about Jesus Christ 
that are contrary to those of Jesus 
and the apostles are not even to be 
given hospitality lest one slip into 
providing support for false min- 

It is of course possible to dismiss 
or ignore all such passages in the 
Gospels and the rest of the New Tes- 
tament. But that involves rejecting a 

considerable portion of those writ- 
ings and the aspects of biblical 
understanding about God and Christ 
that lie behind them. 

3. The New Testament standard 
for relating to persons in the 
church with whom we disagree is 
love. Love as set forth in the New 
Testament can include acceptance in 
its common meaning, but does not 
necessarily need to. Christians may 
see certain people in the church as 
advocating views that go against the 
heart of the faith and still reach out 
to them in love, even while contend- 
ing against views they advocate. 
Disciples in their shared tie with 
Christ are to speak the truth in love 
(Eph. 4:15); and it is the Spirit who 
brings about needed change in heart 
and mind (John 16:8). 

If that direction is taken, the temp- 
tation to become self-righteous, 
self-exalting, and condemnatory can 
be very strong. But the New Testa- 
ment assumes that by God's grace 
Christlike love can be lived out toward 
individuals seen as caught up in grave 
error. "My friends, if anyone is 
detected in a transgression, you who 
have received the Spirit should restore 
such a one in a spirit of gentleness. 
Take care that you yourselves are not 
tempted" (Gal. 6:1 NRSV). Even if it 
develops that a person or group needs 
to be seen as having put themselves 
outside the Christian fellowship, they 
are still to be appealed to in love 
(Matt. 18:17: 2 Tim. 2:23-26). 

4. In such matters it is crucial 
that we keep in mind Jesus' com- 
mand to deal first with the log in 
one's own eye (Matt. 7:3-5). The 
intense seriousness given in the New 
Testament to adherence to the truth 
should impel us to ask first of all: 
Where am I in error? In what ways 
am I not living out the truth given in 
Jesus Christ? None of us are free 
from being taken in at some points 
by deceptions dominant in the world. 
Who of us heeds, in full obedience, 
the commands of Jesus to share what 

July 1998 Messenger 25 

we have with those who have little? 
Yet in Matthew 7:5, taking the log 
out of one's own eye is not to foster 
a relativistic attitude of live-and-let- 
live. It is rather to get spiritually 
ready to go to the other person. Then 
you will see clearly to take the speck 
out of your brother's eye. 

5. fesus calls us to listen intently 
to each other in our conflicts and 
disagreements. From the beginnings 
of the church, Brethren have seen 
Matthew 18: 1 5-20 as a key passage. 
We are to go to the other person 
when there is a conflict or broken 
relationship. The hope is that the 
person being called into question will 
listen. But there is the implication 
that the person taking the initiative 
will also go in a spirit of listening. 
Perhaps something vital — even 
something that will change the out- 
look of the person going — will be 
learned from the person being 
approached. So it can be too when 
the interaction has to do with con- 
flicting views in the church. 

One can move from guidelines to 
examples. It is from jesus and 
the New Testament that Christians 
together in the church can discern 
what is crucial to faith and faithful- 
ness. I venture the following points: 
"^ fl . In scripture God is Thou, the 
supreme Person, who knows and 
loves us; God is transcendent Cre- 
ator, distinct from the creation; God 
is ever active in and sovereign over 
creation and history. Views that go 
against the basic biblical understand- 
ing of God tear down the faith of the 
church. An example is the view that 
God is the force of creativity, good- 
ness, and love within the universe, 
somewhat comparable to gravity. 
13 5. lesus and the apostles saw his 
death as having ultimate significance 
for the relationship of God with 
humanity. "This is my blood of the 
covenant, which is poured out for 
many for the forgiveness of sins" 
(Matt. 26:28). "God was in Christ 
reconciling the world to himself, not 
counting their trespasses against 

them" (2 Cor. 5:19). Teachings that 
see his death simply as a supreme 
example of selfless love, commitment, 
and nonviolence go against the gospel. 

Everything that 
Jesus taught and 

lived is in total 

contrast to what is 

in making war. 

C? C The resurrection of |esus as 
person is central to the gospel. 
Teachings that go against what is 
given in the New Testament about 
that resurrection are a threat to the 
church. An example is looking to an 
eternal Christ that is said to have 
been in (esus but is not the person 
who taught and healed in Galilee and 
died on the cross. 

^ [). The earliest Christian confes- 
sion of faith was the proclamation, 
}esus is Lord (1 Cor. 12:3). This 
understanding is expressed in the 
Great Commission given by lesus 
(Matt. 28:18-20). Teachings that 
view some aspects of human living as 
not meant to be subject to his lord- 
ship contradict this understanding. 
^ E . Everything that )esus taught and 
lived is in total contrast to what is done 
in making war. Alignment with the 
military and with going to war goes 

starkly against the lordship of Jesus. 
^ f . lesus Christ by his dying has 
broken down every dividing wall of 
racial, ethnic, and national hostility 
and superiority so that all who 
become members of the one body 
can live in unity and peace (Eph. 
2:11-18). Views and actions that 
build up such walls negate this part 
of what lesus has done for humanity. 
^ (3. lesus stood with the poor, the 
suffering, and the victimized of his 
time. He called his disciples to live 
out his way of love, sharing, and sac- 
rificial service. Alignment with the 
United States in its role as the rich- 
est and most powerful nation in the 
world moves in a direction opposite 
to that taken by Jesus. 

For the first two centuries. 
Brethren generally held to the stance 
that the New Testament is to be 
taken as the rule of faith and prac- 
tice. There was relatively little 
disagreement about basic beliefs 
about God and lesus. These were 
seen as quite clear in the New Testa- 
ment. This consensus unraveled in 
the 20th century, and Brethren were 
poorly equipped to deal with the 
divergent and conflicting theological 
streams that emerged. This lack 
remains with us. 

In the New Testament, Christians 
are called to hold to what has been 
revealed in Jesus Christ and to dis- 
cern and reject what goes against 
him. They are to test the spirits to 
see whether they are of God (1 Jn. 
4: 1 ). We in the Church of the 
Brethren need to return to this New 
Testament perspective. The church 
does not have creeds or an elaborate 
confession of faith. But where it does 
not veer from its heritage, it looks to 
Jesus as Lord and to the New Testa- 
ment as the rule of faith and 
practice. This is how we hold to ^j^ 
the truth and reject what is false. 


Dale Aukerman, both a contender and a 
mediator in many church conflicts through the 
years, lives near Union Bridge, Md. All scrip- 
ture references are from the RSV unless 
indicated otherwise. 

26 Messenger July 1998 


Pifty years ago I used to say 

if there are telephones, mimeograph 

machines and committee meetings 

in heaven, I ain 't goin '/ 

>ource of identity confusion Wholly impatient 

rhe article beginning on p. 6 of the 
une issue of Messenger reports on 
he confusion of our identity on 
'PrimeTime." (Good for the callers- 
n who reminded Diane Sawyer's 
producers that it was not us who was 
)eing referred to.) 

But, we (including Messenger) 
;ontribute regularly to this confusion 
)f identity. The reference on page 1 to 
he article on page 14 says that "three 
brethren churches were devastated by 
ire." There is a denomination known 
IS The Brethren Church . . . but that 
sn't us! The sentence should read 
'three Churches of the Brethren were 
ievastated by fire." 

If we can't keep our identity 
itraight, we have no reason to expect 
hat others will do so. 

Clyde R. Shallenberger 
Baltimore. Md. 

rhe meaning of meetings 

Vlany of us can relate to your May 
;ditorial, "The meaning of meetings." 
fo paraphrase Ecclesiastes 12:12: 
'Of making many committee meet- 
ngs there is no end and much such 
neetings is a weariness of the tlesh." 
-ifty years ago 1 used to say if there 
ire telephones (always ringing), 
mimeograph machines (messy), and 
;ommittee meetings (long and 
coring) in heaven, I ain't goin'! 

Then 1 ran across Proverbs 15:22: 
'Without counsel, plans go wrong, 
3ut with many advisers they suc- 
;eed." And what about |esus' 
assurance: "Where two or three are 
gathered in my name, I am there 
imong them" (Matt. 18:20). 

For Bible study, prayer, worship, 
'ellowship? Of course! For purposeful, 
creative committee work? Why not! 

Harold Z. Bamberger 
Palmvra. Pa. 

Concerning the article, "Holy 
impatience" [see May Messenger], 
about William Sloane Coffin who is 
to be a featured speaker at the 
Orlando Annual Conference: 1 would 
suggest in all fairness to the conserv- 
ative Brethren that there should be 
another featured speaker right after 
Coffin's speech. 1 would suggest 
Billy Graham. Perhaps at the altar 
call the leaders and adherents to 
Coffin could go forward and confess 
their sins and ask forgiveness for 
having had Coffin speak. 

Coffin has some good ideas. You 
can find some good things even in a 
garbage dump. 

Rav Rowe 
Rovul Cit\. Wash. 

What's in a name? 

In the late 1960s the Church of the 
Brethren Mission Board was encour- 
aging the Indian Brethren to join an 
ecumenical movement to form a new 
church of North India. 

The Elgin office, concerned that 
we drop the vestiges of colonialism, 
wrote to me as medical superinten- 
dent of the Brethren Mission 
Hospital at Dahanu Road, India, 
suggesting that 1 work with the local 
church and the non-Christians to 
find a new name for the hospital that 
would not have connotations of colo- 
nialism. So I sought the opinions of 
local people. 

A Zoroastrian man said, "Don't 
change the name. We always name 
our hospitals after the founding 
person or organization. It seems 
right to us." Hindus and |ains who 
also were supporters of the hospital 
showed no interest in a name 

Local Muslims were more difficult 
to engage in discussion, although 

they utilized the hospital's services. 
So when I went to a gathering of 
multiple religious faiths in Allahabad, 
North India, I determined to ask the 
Muslim speaker his opinion. He 
responded, "In India mission hospi- 
tals have always given top quality 
care to all people. The word 'mis- 
sion' connotes quality. But if, for 
instance, you were to use the word 
'royal' in naming your hospital, we 
would have problems with that." 

Now 30 years later and 1 2 years 
since the last funds were sent by the 
Elgin office, the hospital continues to 
operate in the city of Dahanu Road 
with the name Brethren Mission 
Hospital over the front entrance 
greeting all who enter. 

Fred W. Wampler 
Mountain Citv. Tenn. 

Publish or perish 

I am interested in the heritage of our 
church and influences which continue 
through colleges such as Elizabeth- 
town College. 

Can we preserve the heritage and 
continue to preserve the values into 
the next century? 1 recently lound a 
book by Murray Wagner Sr., pub- 
lished in 1 965, titled To Heal the 
Broken. I ordered all nine copies avail- 
able from the Brethren Historical 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not neeessiirily 
those oftl)e magazine. Readers should receive them in 
the same spint with which dijfeiing opinions are expressed 
in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful oj the 
opinions of others. Preference is given to letters that respond 
directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We will not consider any letter that comes to us 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, the 
writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

July 1998 Messenger 27 

Library and Archives to show to staff 
members at Brethren Village, where 
Murray is a resident. Then I saw 
another book with more of Murray's 
sermons, entitled Watchers of the 
Springs, a collection of rural life ser- 
mons published in 1950. 

Murray's sermons have humor, but 
always made a valuable point. He won 
first prize for all three of his sermons 
included in the collection, and was 
recognized as one of the leading rural 
pastors and preachers in America. 

Just as we preserve the classics in 
poetry and literature, we as a denomi- 
nation have a responsibility to preserve 
this heritage. 1 believe it is important to 
publish the works of the many historic 
giants in the Church of the Brethren 
who have formed the foundation of 
our values, and to preserve this her- 
itage for the next century. 

Arlene Bucher 
Lancaster. Pa. 

In touch with Butler Chapel 

Recently my husband and I attended 
the Butler Chapel A.M.E church near 
Orangeburg, S.C. [see "A dream ful- 
filled," March Messenger]. Pat, my 
husband, worked two weeks last year 
helping to rebuild the church. 

We attended Sunday morning ser- 
vices, and, much to our surprise, 
there were two other Brethren cou- 
ples there, one from Mount Pleasant, 
Canton, Ohio, and the other from 
Pleasant Valley, Middlebury, Ind. 

Pat had made a white birch cross 
which he presented to the church 
that morning. Pastor Patrick Meller- 
son said he would preach a 
"sermonette" that morning, even 
though a Brethren pastor had told 
him that "sermonettes are preached 
to Christianettes." After listening to 
this 20-minute "sermonette," I asked 
him what a real sermon was like! 

We also experienced something 
there that I suggested could be inte- 
grated into the Brethren worship 
service: a drummer! With a full set of 
drums, the drummer, who sat imme- 
diately behind the pastor, kept up a 
steady beat (including cymbals at the 
really high points), emphasizing each 
point. Who could sleep with the 
drummer drumming? 

We spent some time out at the 
burned-out church. The church, with 
the overgrown cemetery and the 
moss hanging from the trees, surely 
was a quiet and lonely place. I 
brought a wild cactus back with me 
to remind me of all that I felt over 
that weekend. 

Lucy Easier 
Webster. Wis. 

Statement on war 

The 1970 "Statement of the Church 
of the Brethren on War" says the 
church expresses "complete dissent" 
from assumptions that the nation 
must be prepared to go to war, that 
"every young man must spend time 

Controller/Assistant Treasurer 

The General Board of the Church of the Brethren seeks a person to develop 
and maintain accounting and financial systems and procedures; manage day- 
to-day financial operations; and be responsible for cash management, corporate 
financial procedures, non-expendable funds, risk management, and corporate 
reports. Assignment will be at the Church of the Brethren General Offices in 
Elgin. Ill, Applications due July 21. 

For information contact: 

Elsie Holderread at 800-742-5100 
Office of Human Resources 

in the military," and that "an over- 
whelming share of our heavy federal 
taxes" must be devoted to military 

a. The Preamble to the US Consti- 
tution states that the "people" desire 
provision for "defense." b. The people 
entrust their elected representatives to 
raise and support military forces to 
suppress "insurrections" and repel 
"invasions." c. The public does accept 
as "norma! and inevitable" prepara- 
tion for defense from foreign and 
domestic enemies, d. The public does 
not expect "every young man to spend 
time in the military service." Provi- 
sions exist for conscientious objection 
and alternate servie. e. An "over- 
whelming share of our heavy federal 
taxes" are not allocated to the armed 
forces. Annually $300 billion are 
required to pay interest on national 
debt, while the present allocation for 
national defense is approximately 
$250 billion annually. 

I recommend that the Church of 
the Brethren, which appears to be at 
odds with the Constitution, direct its 
energies toward abolition or amend- 
ing the US Constitution. 

Section III of the statement says 
that, "We cannot, in the event of 
war, accept military service or sup- 
port the military machine in any 
capacity." My recommendation: 
Honor those who have made the 
supreme sacrifice and all others who 
served to preserve all freedoms, 
including freedom to worship and 
freedom to avoid military service as a 
conscientious objector. 

The statement implies that military 
expenditures are not "constructive 
purposes of government." Therefore, 
the church suggests several tax pay- 
ment options, including withholding 
the estimated portion of taxes allo- 
cated for war. 

I recommend reminding members 
who unilaterally withhold that por- 
tion of federal income tax allocated 
for national defense to voluntarily, in 
the absence of an audit by the Inter- 
nal Revenue Service, pay the penalty 
for their illegal action. If the church 

28 Messenger July 1998 

Pontius' Puddle 

Send payment for reprinting" Pontius' Puddle" [rum Messenger to 
Joel Kaufftnann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen, IN 4b526. $25 for one 
time use. S 10 for seeond strip in same issue. $10 for congregations. 

;hooses to provide legal services for 
hose who violate the law, inform 
nembers of this action in order to 
lUow non-violators the opportunity 

withhold financial support for 
hese cases. 

During my 56 years of experience, 
ncluding active military duty in 
A'orld War II and the Korean war, 
ictive reserve military duty, and in my 
;ontact with many veterans, never has 

1 soldier or a veteran expressed to me 
I desire to fight in a war. 

I believe those who drafted and 
ipproved the 1970 statement acted in 
;ood faith. However, as one who 
)bserves considerable departure of the 
itatement from the US Constitution, it 
s difficult to defend the US from all 
:nemies, foreign and domestic, and 
;oncurrently subscribe to the state- 
nent. The "Just War" concept, 
ieveloped by Augustine and later 
efined by Thomas Aquinas, which 
lolds that war is morally permissible 
mder certain conditions, is not con- 
idered in the statement. As a result, 
nembers of the Church of the 
brethren face difficult choices of 
vhether to accept the statement with- 
)ut reservation, to selectively accept 
ind reject portions of the statement, 
o ignore it, or to avoid hypocrisy by 
issociating with a fellowship which 
loes not force choosing between it 
ind the Constitution. 


Community Church of the Brethren 
111 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602)357-9811 

Sunday Services 10:15 AM 

Glendale Church of the Brethren 

7238 N. 6 1st Avenue 

Glendale, AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 

Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 
Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602)955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 

Sundav Services 10:30 AM 

MO ftMlWKUS VJERC Wottr ktA Trt\s 


OUR v/ltVilN& ^UOvt^iCE. 


Congregations are encouraged to 
examine the statement and support 
resolution of the differences between 
the position ot the church on war, 
and the role of citizens established by 
the Constitution. May the Lord be 
with those who are involved in this 
spiritual and moral struggle. 

Robert H. Saylor. D.Ed. 

Professor Emeritus 

Indiana University of Pennsylvania 

Windber. Pa. 

Thoughts on homosexuality 

In this letter I refer to that of the 
Berkey (Pa.) church deacons' letter 
in the April Messenger. 

Perhaps the responding letters came 
from persons who know the deacons 
personally. If so, they may know 
something that the letter does not 
reveal. But the letter itself tells ine that 
the deacons wrote with tears — with 
sorrow, not hatred — including confes- 
sion of their own sins. 

All indications suggest that the 
critics see the deacons as hateful 
because the deacons follow |esus' 
pattern of loving concern for all of us 
sinners, while bluntly identifying 

their/our sins. No, of course we do 
not have a record of lesus' position 
on homosexuality, but we do have his 
ringing endorsement of the Genesis 
proposition as to God"s creation plan 
for human families. And his readi- 
ness to name sins of his fellow jews, 
when they violated Torah. "Go, sin 
no more!" 

Sadly, when scriptures do not sup- 
port our preferred ethical decisions 
and conduct, we wiggle and squirm 
until we can wriggle out of the 
dilemma, or else conclude that scrip- 
tures are not uniformly binding on our 
"advanced" stage of ethical insight! 

Finally, I affirm — what we cannot 
objectively accuse the deacons of 
failing to notice — that homosexuals 
suffer agonizing personal contlicts 
and pain. And that, perhaps, it could 
just as well have been me. But 1 am 
told that Christian ethics offers rig- 
orous discipline of bodily appetites 
as a path to righteousness and spiri- 
tual health. And, last of all, hard as it 
is for me to understand and believe, 
believers daily do get healings for 
which science has no explanation. 

/. Roy Valencourt 
Goshen. Ind. 


Messenger is available on tape for people who are visuall_y impaired. 
Each double cassette issue contains all articles, letters, and the editorial. 

MEssENGER-on-Tape. is a service of volunteers for the Church and Persons with 
Disabilities Network (CPDN). a task group of the Association of Brethren Caregivers (ABC). 

Recommended donation is $10 dl vou return the tapes to be re-cycled) or $25 (if you keep the tapes ) 

To receive MEssENCER-on-Tape, please sendyour name, address, phone number and check payable to 
ABC to: Association of Brethren Caregivers, 1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120 

July 1998 Messenger 29 

Classified Ads 


Diabetics with Medicare or insurance. Save money on dia- 
betic supplies. For more information call (800) 3374144. 


Brethren Professor of Theology and Single Parent 

needs help caring for four children. I am looking for a 
member of the Church of the Brethren, or related 
Anabaptist tradition (River, Grace, or Mennonite), who 
is willing to become part of a Christian household and 
assist me with Jacob (9), Angelle (11), Isaiah (14), and 
Kathryn (15). My work as a professor at The Divinity 
School requires research, writing, and teaching: day- 
time library hours during the summer, evenings during 
the school year The specific assistance needed includes 
supervision of children after school, transponation to 
athletic activities (soccer Dad!), homework help, and 
evening meals. I am willing to provide living quarters, 
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values, drivers license, with love for well behaved, cre- 
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I. Bond, Yale Divinity School. 409 Prospect Street, New- 
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Cincinnati Church of the Brethren fellowship 

meets for workshop & support in n.e. area of Cincin- 
nati. We welcome others to join us or bring needs to 
our attention. Contact us c/o Cincinnati Friends Meet- 
ing House, 8075 Keller Rd., Indian Hill, OH 45243. Tel. 
(513) 956-7733. 

Come worship in the Valley of the Sun with Com- 
munity Church of the Brethren at 111 N. Sunvalley 
Blvd., Mesa, AZ 86207. Mail to: 8343 E. Emelita Ave., 
Mesa, AZ 85208. Tel. (602) 357-9811, 

Concord Church of the Brethren Fellowship is the 

only Brethren outpost in the Charlotte, N.C. 
metropolitan area. We provide a full program of Chris- 
tian Education, Worship and Spiritual Growth 
opportunities. Come and join us! For more informa- 
tion contact us by writing: Concord Church of the 
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or e-mail <marklara(5'> 


Oberammergau Passion Play year 2000. Bohrer 
tours will be leading three tours to Europe and the pas- 
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September) Prices will begin at $2099.00. For infor- 
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Bradley and Bonnie Bohrer, 283 Parkway Drive, Berea, 
OH 44017 or Matthew and Noelle Bohrer, 1860 Joseph 
Court, Elgin, IL (847)697-2746. 

Travel with a purpose. You are invited to travel with 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer on a Tour of Spain, Portugal 
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Director of Major Gifts. Juniata College, an inde- 
pendent, highly selective college of the liberal arts and 
sciences, seeks a senior development officer to serve 
as the Director of Major Gifts. The College is located 
in the rolling hills of central Pennsylvania near the 
largest interior lake in the northeast, the beautiful Juni- 
ata River, and abundant woodlands. Juniata's 
international emphasis and its emphasis upon com- 
munity among other values, have been influenced by 
its relationship with the Church of the Brethren, one 
of the historic peace churches. The Director of Major 
Gifts at Juniata College carries responsibility for obtain- 
ing gifts for current operations, capital projects, and 
endowment funds. The Director of Major Gifts relates 
to a select group of donor prospects that have the 
potential to give five and sb: figure gifts. Relationship 
building with prospects and donors will require sig- 
nificant travel. Involvement with Juniata's alumni will 
be extensive. The Director of Major Gifts reports to the 
Associate Vice President for Development of Gift Plan- 
ning and serves as a key member of the development 
and gift planning team. Management by objective in 
fulfillment of the College mission organizes the indi- 
vidual and collaborative efforts of the team and the 

College advancement and marketing group. Key respon- 
sibilities for the Director of Major Gifts include: Planning' 
and implementing strategies for the identification and 
cultivation of potential donors; effective and timely 
solicitation for gifts; expressing thanks and practicing 
good stewardship of contributed resources; develop- 
ing campaign events and meetings; assisting with alumni 
events and service opportunities; preparing briefing 
materials on major donor prospects as required; accom- 
panying the president, board members, faculty and 
volunteers on calls; fulfilling annual goals and objec- 
tives for contacts, proposals developed, gifts received, 
and new prospects identified. Candidates should have^ 
the following qualifications: Demonstrated philan- 
thropic success; minimum of 5 years experience; 
outstanding interpersonal, organizational, written and 
verbal skills; experience working with volunteers; a 
minimum of a four-year baccalaureate degree; advanced 
degree desirable; computer literacy and desire to 
develop additional knowledge; abilit\' to establish objec- 
tives and set performance standards. The successful 
candidate w411 identify with Juniata's mission, be highly 
motivated to succeed both quantitatively and qualita- 
tively, and show evidence of being able to relate to a 
wide variety of persons with integrity and confiden- 
tiality Send a letter of application, resume, and the 
names of three references to Gail Leiby Ulrich, Direc- 
tor of Human Resources, Juniata College, Huntingdon, 
PA 16652. Applications accepted until the position is 
filled. AA/EOE 

Bible Commentary Series 

"This readable commentai7 series is for all 
who seek more fully to understand the original 
message of Scripture and its meaning for today."' 
—From the Series Foreword 

Hosea, Amos 

Allen R. Guenther uncovers unicjue features of 
the proplieeies of Hosea and Amos. He brings 
an evangelical Believer's Church perspective to 
the study of these two eighth centuiy prophets. 

Paper, 434 pages. $19.99: in Canada $28.50. 

2 Corinthians 

\'. George Shillington \lews this letter as Paul's 
personal testimony of his ministry of reconcili- 
ation among Corinthian Christians and his 
ministry in defending the truth of the gospel. 

Paper. 336 pages, $19.99; in Canada $28.50. 

Available from Brethren Press. 
Orders: 1 800 441-3712 

30 Messenger July 1998 

New members 

Antelope Valley, Billings, Okla.: Tori 
Reaves, Hayley DeVilbiss 

Black Rock. Glenville, Pa.: Amanda 
Brant, Amy Brant, loshua Brant, R. 
Kyle Fake, Kayla Fake. Amber 
Hanson, Kyle Hubbell. Kevin 
Hubbell. Katie Renfro 

Blue Ridge. Va.: Ann and George Ferrell 

Chiques. Manheim, Pa.: Esther Donley, 
Brian Miller, Marlin Shellenberger 

Dixon, III.: Christine D. Mekeel. jason M. 
Mekeel. Mary E. jacobson, Olivia R, 
Harms. Kelsey E. Reed, Sarah A. Fis- 
cher, Megan M. Whitson. Melissa A. 
Fordham. Falon Nicole Larson, lustin 
A. Shaffer. Diana L. Manderscheid 

Dupont. Ohio: Scott Mcintosh. Eric 
Homier. Sara Mcintosh. Lisa Taylor, 
Heidi Dix, Heather Dix, Kira 
Rankin, Kristen Rankin. Tayla Dix. 
Crystal Taylor, Lynn Ellerbrock, 
lohn Dix 

Dundalk. Baltimore. Md.: lody Elling- 
son Gunn. Allison Barr. Jennifer 
Frank. Sheila Scarboro 

Good Shepherd. Springfield, Mo.: 
Calvin Hlavaty. Bryan Lucore. 
Danielle Lucore 

Highland Ave., Elgin, 111.: |eff Abbott. Steve 
and Bonnie Graham, Scott lohans, Pam 
Keller, Bettina Perillo, Matthew Rucker, 
Gerald and Shirley Witt 

Hooversville, Pa.: Douglas Diamond 

Lebanon. Pa.: Alicia Breidenstine. Harry 
Carpenter. B. Alan Dissinger, Ir., Patri- 
cia Fulk. Jonathan Hurst, Kristin 
Kettering, Amy O'Byle, Staci O'Byle, 
lulie Price. Keith Price. Katie Smith, 
Amanda Soliday, Rebecca Stuckey. 
Alex Wolfe. Vicki Wolfe 

Lewiston. Minn.: Timothy Radatz 

Lititz. Pa.: loseph Bingeman. Alysa 
Diller. Megan Fleming, Matthew 
Getz. Michael Getz, Benjamin Hess, 
David Hess. Matthew Hess. Martha 
Hess. Howard Mowrer, Hyla 
Mowrer. Brittany Ober, Katie Stauf- 
fer, Ashley Tennis. Georganne Way. 
Karin Charles. Larry Earhart, Ruth 
Earhart. Coanne Luckenbill. Duane 
Luckenbill, Christopher Moseman, 
nil Moseman, Bruce Ulrich, Floy 
Ulrich, lames Charles 

Manchester, N. Manchester, Ind.: Ken 
and Christen Miller-Rieman. Gene 
and Beth Stone, lohn and Naomi 
Mishler, Dan and Mary Riccius. 
Olden and Myrtle Mitchell, Clara 
Zimmerman, 1. Edward and Mildred 
Gilbert. Ron and Bev Petry. Lowell 
and Martha Yohe 

Maitland. Lewistown. Pa.: Pam 
McCarter. Guy Moscato 

Maple Grove, Ashland. Ohio: Judy 
Cook, Adeline Godby, Gail Streit, 
lason Keener, Sharon Keillor 

Maple Grove. New Paris. Ind.: Ron 
Cripe. Darin Bernaert 

Mechanicsburg. Pa.: Mable Smith, 
Linda Wevodau, Sharon Clark, Terri 
Martin. Heather Martin, loseph 
McCorkel. Shane McCorkel. 
Amanda Crouse. Shane Kumler. 
Colin Scott 

Middle Creek. Lititz, Pa.: Lindsey 
Hosier, leremy Kline 

Modesto, Calif.: loe Duncanson, Casey 

Mohler. Ephrata. Pa.: Kevin and Tara 
Deiter, Andrew Miller, 1. D. Kreamer. 
Spencer and Augusta Nissly 

Monroeville. Pa.: lennifer loy Hernley 

Monte Vista, Callaway, Va.: Kristen 
Furrow, Shannon Clingenpeel. Alan 
and lulie Scott, Michael Furber, 
Kevin Furber, Andrew Furber 

Nappanee, Ind.: Becky Hufford. Brenda 
Herr, ferry and Connie Sauhart 

Peters Creek. Roanoke, Va.: Elizabeth 
Bolt. Rita Craft, lames Garst. Kevin 
Otey. Todd Plunkett. Steve Poff, 
Pam Poff, lason Stevens, Chris 
Stevens, Rick Tuggle, lanet Tuggle, 
Amy Williams, Darrell Woolridge. 
Sharon Woolridge, Barbara Wright 

Pine Creek, N. Liberty. Ind.: Ryan 
Flickinger, Diana Godfrey, Mildred 
Hunter. Barbara Pearson, Rebekah 
Replogle. Becky Trusty, Marcus 
Trusty, Richard Trusty, Ashley Wolff, 
Vickie Wolff 

Prairie City, Iowa: Sarah Elrod, Tawnya 
Hopkins, Betsy Kane. Cindy Kane 

Quakertown. Pa.: Michelle Balkit. Brandon 
Crouthamel. Rosemary and Christopher 
Vanelli. Steve and Cindy Hunter 

Ridge, Shippensburg, Pa.: Faye 

Koontz, Amy Byers, Scott Lamason, 
Santell Miller 

Sangerville, Va.: Adam Shank. Nathan 
Shank. Bethany Shank 

Si. Petersburg, Fla; lean Figueroa. Axel 
Figueroa. .Anna Belle Sipe 

Union Bridge. Md.: Ion Lamb, Susan 
Lamb, Gene Straub. Dennis Hof- 
facker. Sue Hoffacker, Robin 
DiMartino, Martha Pennington. 
Dawn Fritz, Sara Yingling, Bryan 
Amsel. Caroline Amsel 

Walker's Chapel, Mt. fackson, Va,: 
Amelia Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest 
Coffman. Tiffany Mobley. Diane 
Ludwig. Edward Ludwig Ir., lamie 
Pennington, lohanna Pennington, 
lacob Grogg. Vivian Ryan 

Waynesboro. Pa.: Carolyn Misner 

West Eel River, Silver Lake, Ind,: 
Thomas Meredith, Valerie Meredith. 
Richie Reynolds 

Wilmington. Del.: Kevin Anderson, 
Karen Anderson, Bob Hoy, Alice Hoy 

Woodbury, Pa.: Beth Gearhart, Scott 
and Sue Black, Luther and Dorothy 
Steele, Ryan Claire, Kenneth Wyant, 
Christine Bowser 

Yellow Creek. Goshen. Ind.: Phil Sechrist. 
Ashley Schrock. Sonia Luevano 


Abshire, Randy and Helen. Roanoke, 

Va.. 60 
Bollinger. Abram and Ruth. Lititz. Pa,. 55 
Brubaker, Leo and Norma. Prairie 

City. Iowa, 60 
Clapper, Marion R. and Kathryn ].. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa.. 55 
George. David and Betty. Quakertown. 

Pa.. 50 
Helser. Raymond and Everil. Nappanee. 

Ind., 70 
Moherman. Will and Virginia, Ashland, 

Ohio, 50 
Rothrock, Dayton and Rebecca Spear, 

McPherson, Kan.. 50 
Shaub. Howard G. and Frances. 

Hollidaysburg. Pa., 50 
Tucker, lames and Rachel, Nova. Ohio. 50 
Utz. Harley and Sylvia, Pittsburg, 

Ohio, 80 
Walters, William and Dorothy, Sebring. 

Fla.. 50 
Watring. Glenn and Billie. Ashland. 

Ohio, 60 

Ministry Summer Service 

Berkey. Holly |o. to Palmyra, Pa. 
Brockway, loshua, to Crest Manor, Ind. 
Carter. Keith, to Briery Branch. 

Dayton. Va. 
Eshleman, lohn, to Palmyra. Pa. 
Gordon. Mary, to Eillisforde/ 

Whitestone, Va. 
Haas, Amy, to Nampa. Idaho 
Hade. Rebecca, to Linville Creek, Va. 
Helsel. Rebekkah, to Oakton, Va. 
Hood, lessica, to Germantown, Pa. 
Rivera. .%ige! Gullon. to Moorefield, W Va 


Doudt. David W.. May 2. S. Whitley, 

South/Central Ind. 
Hosteller. Elvin D., March 4, Buffalo 

Valley. Southern Pa. 
lohnson. Randy, May 2, Big Sky, 

Northern Plains 
Lawver, Charles Franklin, March 4, 

Buffalo Valley. Southern Pa. 
Murphy. Granville. May 2, New Hope, 

South/Central Ind. 


Douglas. Scott, April 18, Highland Ave., 
Elgin. 111. 


Black. Rachel, from Hagerslown. Md. 

to Beaver Creek, Hagerstown, Md. 
Burk. Kelly, seminary student, to 

Richmond, Ind. (part-time) 
Cooper. Leslie, from Waterford, Calif., 

to Pipe Creek, Peru, Ind. 
Knapp. Mark, from other denomination to 

Arcadia, Ind. 
Miller-Rieman, Christen, from seminary 

to .Manchester, N. Manchester. Ind. 


Albright. Harold, 74, Roaring Spring, Pa. 
Barclay, Violet, 89, Rockwood. Pa.. 

April 30 
Barr. Aileen. F., 83, Ashland, Ohio, 

March 29 
Benson, Robert, 58, La Verne, Calif.. 

Dec. 28 
Blevins. Otis U., 83, Taylors Valley. 

Va., May 3 
Brumbaugh, Grayce, 87. La Verne, 

Calif.. March 16 
Carver, George, 62, Falls Church. Va., 

April 30 
Case, Aimeta Ramsey, 66. Wichita, 

Kan., March 21 
Casteel. Naomi, 85, New Oxford, Pa., 

April 16 

Coleman, Richard F.. 81, Roanoke. Va., 

April 15 
Cox, Rev. Alvin S.. 83, McClure, Pa., 

March 30 
Crumpacker, Morris, 79, Roanoke, 

Va., April 1 
Driver, Rev. F. Wise, 97, Bridgewater, 

Va.. Feb. 26 
Fay. Iva M.. 83, Waterloo, Iowa, May 3 
Flora, Margaret. 85. Roanoke. Va.. 

May 4 
Fox, Delbert L., 85, Goshen, Ind., April 2 
Frantz, Delmond. 92. Hastings, Mich.. 

Ian. 17 
Garber, Dennis, Austria, Feb, 5 
Grady, Marvin E., 84, Waterloo. Iowa. 

April 28 
Graybill. Mazie. Stevens. Pa., March 25 
Guyer, Velma. 95. Woodbury. Pa., Ian. 16 
Harley. Elsie H.. 88. Sebring, Fla.. 

May 3 
Heinbaugh. Ray, 102, Somerset, Pa., 

May 14 
Hess, Laura. 90. Neffsville, Pa.. Oct. 17 
Hildreth, Carl, 80. San Diego, Calif.. 

March 22 
Hoffman. Franklin D. Ir.: 58. Ashland. 

Ohio, March 28 
Horst, Harvey. 67. Ephrata, Pa., April 13 
Hunter, Charles Ray, 74, Muncie, Ind., 

May I 3 
Iglima, Alice, 76, Baltimore, Md.. Ian. 7 
Keiper, Alma N., 101. Martinsburg, 

Pa,, March 23 
Keiper. Pauline M.. 88. Martinsburg, 

• Pa.. March 19 
Kirchner. Carol Ann. 54, Cass Lake. 

Minn.. May 14 
Kulp. Robert. 50, Ephrata, Pa., March 8 
Lutes. Clifford. 75. Nappanee, Ind., 

March 10 
Mahoney. Daniel, 87. La Verne, Calif.. 

Ian. 8 
Marlin. Gladys S., 86. Sebring. Fla.. 

April 30 
Marlin. Lora R.. 89. Thurmont. Md.. 

May 19 
Matheny. Russell B.. 74. Dalton. Ohio. 

April 10 
Nelson. Esther. N. Manchester. Ind.. 

May 5 
Orange. Hubert. 94. Troutville, Va., 

April 4 
Rife, Paul. 81, N. Manchester, Ind., 

March 17 
Rogers. Gertrude, 92, Roanoke. Va.. 

April 6 
Sanner. lohn, 87, Rockwood, Pa.. May 8 
Shaffer, Ruth, 84, Nappanee, Ind.. 

March 10 
Shaffer. Toylie. 100. Hooversville, Pa., 

March 29 
Stiles, lohn W. 63. Hershey, Pa.. March 22 
Sludebaker. Marie. 101, Tipp City, 

Ohio. March 29 
Swigarl. George, 77, McClure, Pa., 

March 12 
Trible. Charles, 72. Akron. Ohio. April I 7 
Warden. Doris M.. 51. Laurel 

Bloomery, Tenn., May 5 
Warner, Alice M., 94, Thurmont, Md., 

April 22 
Way, Alice L. 66, Ashland, Ohio. Ian. 25 
Weimer. Paul E.. 86, New Madison, 

Ohio, April 29 
Whilacre, Alan L., 65, Lancaster, Pa.. 

Ian. 24 
Wines. Peggy, 57, Roanoke, Va.. Feb. 4 

Zink, Hazel, 66, Champaign, 111., May 7 

July 1998 Messenger 31 



Freedom to be dangerous 

Ponder the story of lesus again." This is the theologian 
Walter Brueggemann speaking. "We forget how odd 
the story of Jesus is. Jesus subverted everything that had 
been trusted. It is the small body of the subverters who 
are the hope of the world." 

With this introduction, the 50 of us in the weekend 
seminar in Washington, D. C, began a wild ride through 
Acts and Luke, then to Genesis, then the Psalms, Isaiah, 
back to Mark. "A lot of people think the Bible is about 
sex," says Brueggemann, who is Old Testament professor 
at Columbia Theological Seminary, Atlanta, Ga. "It's not 
about sex. It's about economics." 

Upside-down economics. Subverting the established 
order. The Jews celebrated the Sabbath as 
a way to distinguish themselves from the 
Babylonians. They would not submit to 
the demands of the managers on that day. 
As God had rested, they would rest, in the 
belief that "We are not the maker but the 
made ones." Likewise, we are always 
having to decide how much to submit to 
the demands of the managers of our own 
economy, those who believe resources are 
scarce. We must strive because there is 
not enough to go around. 

Though the Jews were captive they were 
free. They remembered that God had 
freed them from the Egyptians and pro- 
vided the gift of manna, the central 
symbol of abundance in the Bible. God 
would provide freedom and abundance 
again. They were free from the grip of 
scarcity and emboldened by the belief that God would 
provide. There is enough for everybody. God defeated 
the powers of Babylon and told his people to go out in 

In the same way God will defeat the forces that have 
power over us. First we have to trust that God will pro- 
vide for our needs. There will be enough. Brueggemann: 
"The central task of our lives is to accept God's freedom 
and depart from Babylon." 

It was this same spirit of freedom and newness that 
whooshed into the church at Pentecost. The spirit took 
over the lives of this small band and set them loose in the 
Roman Empire to turn the world upside down. They no 
longer recognized the power of the established economic 
and political system, but found their security in the spirit 
It caused them to do what they had never intended to do. 

"In the 
shadow of a 

generous God, 
we will learn 

ourselves to he 
generous. " 

Like heal people and drive out demons. 

They were to heal without money. In Luke 9, when 
Jesus sent the disciples out with the power to heal he told 
them to "take nothing for your journey." It was because 
they took nothing, and were dependent on only God for 
security, that they were able to heal. In Acts 3 Peter told 
the lame man he had no silver or gold. It was not in spite 
of but because of Peter's penniless condition that he was 
able to heal the man and send him off "walking and leap- 
ing and praising God." 

Jesus was full of the spirit of God's newness when the 
devil tried for 40 days in the wilderness to talk him out ol 
it. Instead of succumbing to the voice of the established 
order, he went out and read from Isaiah 
6 1 . His inaugural announcement was that 
God had anointed him to turn the world 
upside down. He would proclaim the 
jubilee year, when the rich give back to 
the poor. 

Luke begins with songs on this theme. 
The song of Mary, the song of Zechariah, 
the song of Simeon. These are songs of 
treason against the political-social-eco- 
nomic order of the day. "He has brought 
down the powerful from their thrones, 
and lifted up the lowly" (Luke 1 :52). 
These are dangerous songs, says Bruegge- 
mann: "Newness happens in the world 
when long-silenced people get voice 
enough to sing dangerous songs." 

Dangerous is not a word often applied 
to Christians these days. Is it because we 
are too tied to the established political and economic 
order? Is the church so much geared to control and 
security that the spirit of Pentecost doesn't have a chance 
with it? Are we afraid we might lose our jobs? Is it 
because we don't trust God to provide abundance? 

If it's money we want, and the power that comes from 
money, there will never be enough. All the hard work and 
striving produces anxiety and results in brutality. But if 
we accept God's generosity, we are promised (Matt. 6) 
an endless supply of food, water, health, and friends. We 
will be so rich that we need not be greedy. We are given 
new openness to our neighbor. "In the shadow of a gen- 
erous God," says Brueggemann, "we will learn ourselves 
to be generous." 

The invitation is always open for us to depart from 

32 Messenger July 1998 

ne Bretnren Homes oi tne Atlantic Nortneast District. 
Freedom To Live Your Lire On Your Terms. 


Your liie, your dreams, your 
hopes, your home. These are hre s 
important things. The retu-ement 
communities or the Brethren 
Homes offer a full range of living 
accommodations to suit your lifestyle 
and your needs. All are located m 
the beautiful southeastern region 
of Pennsylvania, with easy access 
to major metropolitan areas, 
vacation sights, shopping centers 
and tourist attractions. 

• Pennsylvania Association or Non-Prorit 
Homes for tlie Aging (PANPHA) 

• American Association or Homes and 
Services for tke Aging (AAHSA) 


Vtv/^///y of L^vntuitnit'tit 
301)1 Lititz Pike 

P.O. Bc.v 5093 

Lancaster, PA 17606 

Lebanon Valley 
Brethren Home 

1.200 GruLli Street J_i_ 
Palmyra, PA 1 7078 

(717) 838-5406 





800 Maple Avenue 
Harleysville, PA 19438 

(215) 256-9501 






Founded in 1887 by the Church of the Brethre 

For information about enrolling at McPherson, 
or about teaching opportunities available at thi 
college, please call or write to us: 

1600 East Euclid 
P.O. Box 1402 
McPherson, KS 


1999 Annual Conference 
Moderator and Professor 
of Business/Economics at 
McPherson College, Lowell 
Flor\' is a representative of 
lay leadership within the 
Church at its best. Whether 
guiding students in a classroom 
setting or sharing leadership around a 
governing board table, Professor Flory 
is known for his abilit}' to frame tough 
questions in such a way as to invite 
others into a search for the best 
possible solution. 

McPherson College — its alumni, 
trustees, faculty, staff, and smdents — 
is enthusiastic and supportive of 
Moderator Lowell Flory 's leadership 
within the life of the Church of the 
Brethren. We like the way he exemplifies 
the mission of McPherson College! 








-^' . J: 

Church of the Brethren August 1998 





.''■■..—■"* i,^ ir 

Collaboration IN Orlando 

Celebrating 50 years of Brethren Volunteer Service 

The Good News, the story of Jesus, is to be proclaimed 
and celebrated. In words, yes, but also in the wordless 
words of love: feeding the hungry, housing the homeless, 
healing the sick, consoling the lonely, bringing together 
the estranged, working for peace and justice. 

To tell the story by living the story: that's what 50 
years of Brethren Volunteer Service and 5,376 volunteers 
and 420 projects in 40 countries are all about. God's call 
to reconciliation is a ministry that never ends. \^ 

In your support of Brethren Volunteer /'''"^"^ 

Service, you help make Jesus' love visible. 

Telling the story. Living the story. 



*^ 948-1 998 









^m J 













On the cover: Ruth Halde- 
man. left, of 
Greencastle, Pa., and 
Ruth Bushong, of Columbia, Pa., 
work on the Annual Conference 
quilt sponsored by the Association 
for the Arts in the Church of the 
Brethren. Bushong, a member of 
the Mountville (Pa.) congregation 
said she has been quilting "all my 
years" and works on the quilt at 
Annual Conference every year. 
Haldeman, a member of the 
Shanks Church of the Brethren, 
said quilting offers a good time to 
socialize and discuss Conference 
business, "but we were pretty quiet 
this year." 

K bout the photographer: This 
Yissue features Annual Confer- 
nce photographs by Phil Grout of 
/estminster, Md. Grout is a fine 
rt photographer and writer who 
as worked as a photojournalist 
round the world since 1966. He is 
le author of numerous books, 
icluding Seeds of Hope, published 
y Brethren Press. He has recently 
armed a "micro press," The Pub- 
sher at Treehouse, which 
pecializes in handmade artist 
ooks. This is the si.xth Annual 
'onference he has photographed 
Dr Messenger. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 







Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vickl Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 


Orlando '98: Annual Conference 
in photos 

Photographs by Phil Grout capture the 
spirit, the drama, and the fellowship of the 
212th Annual Conference of the Church of 
the Brethren. Highlights of Conference 
included a gathering of Brethren Volunteer 
Service workers from around the world, 
and special guests from Nigeria. 

Memories of Guatemala 

To recover from the painful memories of 
death and destruction during their pro- 
tracted civil war, Guateinalans were 
encouraged to overcome their fear and 
publish their stories. But the priest who led 
the project then was murdered in retalia- 
tion. The article is by David Radcliff, 
director of Brethren Witness, who was 
himself a witness to these events of 
courage and faith. 

Dangerous dunking 

This is a warning. Baptism will change 
your whole life. Forever. It is a near-death 
experience that kills your old way of think- 
ing. That is replaced by a radical new way 
of living, the way of the cross. Ken Gibble, 
pastor of the Chambersburg, Pa., congre- 
gation, explains the danger. 

How we can be like Zacchaeus 

Duane Grady of Indianapolis, Ind., a 
pastor and Congregational Life Team staff 
mernber, shows readers how jesus can 
transform their lives like he transformed 
Zacchaeus. All they have to do is to climb 
up in the sycamore tree. 

August 1998 Messenger 1 

M tie PuMiskr 

I always enter each Annual Conference season with a mixture of dread and excite- 
ment. Dread because the two months before Conference are the busiest time of 
year for those ol us preparing printed materials, merchandise, a bookstore, exhibits, 
meal events, insight sessions, and endless other things. And dread because of the 
exhausting marathon of meetings that begins days before Conference itself begins. 

But excitement because of the energy created when several thousand Brethren 
come together for work and worship. Excitement because the total of Annual Con- 
ference is much more than the sum of its parts. 

It's impossible to convey the value of Annual Conference to those who have never 
attended one. I believe the Church of the Brethren would be a different church — a 
more vital one — if every member attended Annual Conference at least once. 

If 1 had to pick just two elements from Brethren life that most profoundly symbol- 
ize our belief and practice, I would choose love feast and Annual Conference. 

Love feast goes to the root of who we are. It marries serving and being served, the 
individual and the communal, daily bread and the Body of Christ, the practical and 
the transcendental. 

Annual Conference does some of the same things on a larger scale. In this arena 
we struggle and laugh, we fight and love, we speak and listen. No matter how frus- 
trated we get. we come back year after year for more of the same. We keep coming 
back because, when all is said and done, we want to be together. 

One ot the reasons my husband and I take our three children to Conference is for 
them to experience this uniquely Brethren event. They are developing Annual Con- 
ference friendships. They are gaining a sense of how wide their church is. 

They are also asking questions. Why do we refer to other conferencegoers as 
"sister" and "brother"? Can anyone come to Annual Conference, whether they're 
Brethren or not? What makes Brethren different from other people? 

Like the ritual questions raised by Jewish children during the Passover meal, the 
questions raised by our children give us the opportunity to tell the Brethren story. 

Someday our children may distance themselves from the church. I hope they don't, 
but questioning and challenging is a normal part of developing a mature relationship 
with God. I believe the experiences we give them now build up a reservoir from 
which they can draw when they are grown. They may not be able to articulate now 
what Annual Conference means, but they know it feels good to be there. They know 
the big community i i gathered for work and worship, and that we are earnestly seek- 
ing what it means to do the will of God. 

1 need that reservoir too. While I'm exhausted at the end of Conference, I'm also 
rejuvenated. I'm refreshed by being with the sisters and brothers. 

See you next year in Milwaukee — for the pause that refreshes. 


How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 




Fax: (847) 742-6103 
Phone: (847) 742-5100 

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above address. Allow at least hve 
weeks for address change. 

Connect electronically: 

For a free subscription to 
Newsline, the weekly Church 
of the Brethren e-mail news 
report, call (800) 323-8039, ext 
263, or write cobnews(((' 

To view the official Church of 
the Brethren Web site, point 
your browser to http://www. 

Messenger is the oll'iciiil publication of the Churcl 
ol the Brethren. Enlefcd as periodical postage matte' 
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the New Revised Standard Version. Mi-ssKsot R 
published 1 1 times a year by Brethren Press. Churcl 
of the Brethren General Board. Periodical postagi 
paid at Elgin. III., and at additional mailing office 
March 1998. Copyright 1998, Church of the Brethrei 
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Primed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger August 1998 



lildred Siek, jlaiiked by Kay Troyer Schrock ami Larry 
'cliruck in front of the fireplace wall where the plaque 
'edicating McPherson College's special dining room to 
diss Siek will hang. 

A dining room for legendary home ee prof 

A walnut-framed plaque honors Mildred Siek, professor emerita, and hangs in the 
special dining room in McPherson College's Student Union. Siek taught many classes 
during her 27 years as head of McPherson College's home economics department. She is 
a legendary perfectionist — but practical. 

Students in her Quantity Cookery Class made "to-the-minute" schedules of tasks to be 
done, when and by whom. "1 still do that when I manage fund-raising dinners," said former 

student Kay Troyer Schrock at the April 1 dedication of the 
refurbished dining room she and her entrepreneur husband, 
Larry, financed and gave to the college. 

This scheduling worked for Siek when she orchestrated 
the annual Booster Banquets served to about 550 college 
alumni and friends during the 1940s and 50s. "After orga- 
nizing those banquets, serving 1 50-200 in a class project 
seemed easy," recalls the 92-year-old Siek. 

She stressed strengthening the family to "her girls" and 
set a professional example. She served frequently on com- 
mittees, and spoke on panels and programs. 

She retired in 1971 and in 1975 moved into the nearby 
Brethren retirement complex, The Cedars. For 14 years 
she was president of The Cedars Service Guild that 
planned chapel services three days a week. She managed 
the Gift Nook for eight years: was chairperson of the 
scholarship committee for six; and launched the home's 
annual fund-raising bazaar. 

As an octogenarian she decided to cut back her actvities. 
She became telephone coordinator of meals to church 
members, and often ended up cooking and delivering those 
meals herself. She continues to make bibs for the resi- 

Siek, whose hair is lightened with silver now, confided 
she had made the bright blue dress she wore to the dedica- 
tory luncheon in her honor. It fit her perfectly, of course. 

— Irene S. Reynolds 

Panora celebrates 
'Heritage and Hope' 

The Panora (Iowa) Church 
of the Brethren has declared 
1 998 to be a year of "Her- 
itage and Hope." Throughout 
the year various activities 
will take place to celebrate 
the history of the congrega- 
tion and its faith. 

Each quarter a service 
celebrating different phases 
in church history is held. 

The years chosen to be rep- 
resentative of the Church of 
the Brethren faith are 1 740, 
1863, and 1950. 

The celebration has 
included a beard-growing 
contest, a series of one-act 
dramas written by member 
Avis Finley, and a songfest. 
On August 23 there will be 
an old-fashioned picnic 
with the opening of a time 
capsule buried by the junior 
high youth 30 years ago. 

Those who have been 
members 50 years or more 
will be honored at an Oct. 
18 homecoming celebra- 
tion. Past members and 
pastors are encouraged to 
attend. Anyone who has a 
special memory from the 
Panora church is encour- 
aged to send it to Beth 
Ferree, PO Box 693, 
Panora. lA 50216. These 
will be included in a book 
to be published this year. 

— Beth Fe:rree 

August 1998 Messengers 

Ill Toiirli 

Outpouring of love 
for injured Amish man 

On Oct. 5, 1997 there 
were 1 50 members of the 
Amish community of Sauk 
County, Wis. gathered for 
worship on a farm. The 
second story lloor of the 
building in which they 
were worshiping collapsed, 
sending the congregation 
into the stable below. Six 
persons were injured, one 
of them, Henry Yoder, 
seriously. His neck was 

In lanuary the Wiscon- 
sin Council of Churches 
(WCC) sent a letter to 
member churches asking 
them to help the Amish 
community with Mr. 
Voder's medical bills, 
which then totaled 
$170,000. The office of 
the District of Illinois and 
Wisconsin also circulated 
the appeal to its Church of 
the Brethren congregation. 
By spring the Henry Yoder 
Medical Fund had received 
$63,000 in response. The 
Amish community has 
reported to WCC that, 
although Mr. Yoder is not 
expected to walk again, his 
condition is stable and he 
has limited use of his arms 
and legs. The contribu- 
tions received in response 
to the letters, together 
with those from Amish 

communities around the 
country, covered all of Mr. 
Voder's medical bills. 
— FROM Ecu-News 

Generation of 
BVSers remembers 

Annamae Rensberger, 60, 
of Pomona, Calif., died 
May 26. 

Upon graduation from 
college, Rensberger 
entered Brethren Volun- 
teer Service. She served 
assignments in numerous 
European countries, 
including Germany. 
Sweden, and the former 
Yugoslavia. She then 
joined the Church of the 
Brethren General Board 
staff as assistant director 
of BVS training, a position 
she held for more than 1 1 
years, during which time 
she connected with more 
than 1,270 BVS volun- 
teers. She resigned from 
the General Board staff in 

Rensberger then joined 
the staff of Woodbury Uni- 
versity, where she served 
as an administrator for 1 7 
years prior to her retire- 
ment. She was a member 
of La Verne (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren, 
where she sang in the 
choir and designed liturgi- 
cal furnishings. 

A pastor is nearby for 
Brethren at Mayo's 

Knowing that people from 
all over the US are 
referred to the Mayo 
Clinic and connecting hos- 
pitals in Rochester, Minn., 
the Church of the Brethren 
Northern Plains District is 
offering pastoral contact 
for Brethren patients and 
their families while at one 
of the medical facilities. 
The clinic is within the 
district's boundaries and is 
within easy driving dis- 
tance for two pastors — 
Gordon Hoffert, pastor of 
Lewiston (Minn.) Church 
of the Brethren, and 
Frances Townsend, pastor 
of Root River (Minn.) 
Church of the Brethren. 
Hoffert and Townsend are 
making themselves avail- 
able because most j 
Brethren patients at 
Mayo's are too far away 
for care from their own 
pastors. The district will 
pay for the pastors' 
expenses out of its 
"Rochester Ministry" ! 
fund. Pastors who have 
parishioners at Mayo's are 
encouraged to contact the 
district at 5 1 5-964-48 1 6 or 
CBurkholder_ds((( brethren, 
org. Or call Hoffert (507- 
523-3 1 1 7) or Townsend 

The newly renovated Glade Valley Church u]' the Brethren. 

Glade Valley finishes 
renovation projeet 

Glade Valley congregation. Glade Towne, Md.. dedi- 
cated its newly renovated facility on April 26. 
Originally built to be a college chapel and recital hall, the 
building's interior was remodeled to provide adequate class- 
rooms, nursery, restrooms, administrative, and fellowship 
areas. The redesigned sanctuary now provides a more inti- 
mate worship setting for the small congregation. The roof 
and heating systems were replaced and a new entry con- 
structed as part of the $500,000 renovation project. 

4 MESStlNtlER August 1998 

Followino in John Kline's hoofprints 

ilder John Kline is portrayed by Einmert 
3ittiiiger. right, and Elder Daniel Thomas, 
eft. is fason Baiiserman. They arrived on 
lorseback to greet the congregation waiting 
m the knvn of Miner Church of the Brethren. 

The |ohn Kline Missionary 
Riders, dedicated to reviving the 
fading memory of Elder Kline's visits 
to Brethren families of western Vir- 
ginia, retraced his trail on horseback 
May 29-|une 1. Twelve riders took 
part in this second annual "celebra- 
tion ride" of about 60 miles through 
some of the country's most scenic 
areas in Virginia, where Kline rode 
between 1835 and 1864. The riders 
retraced one of the typical mission- 
ary rides of the famous Dunker in 
celebration of his 20 1 st birthday. It 
was sponsored by the Shenandoah 
District Historical Committee and 
Emmert F. Bittinger. The group 
began its ride in Rockingham 
County. Va, spent its first night at 

the Crummett Run Church of the 
Brethren in West Virginia, then trav- 
eled across Shenandoah Mountain 
to Hiner Church of the Brethren in 
Virginia. There they attended 
Sunday services led by Ceroid 
Senger, pastor of the Hiner church, 
and four of the riders told more 
about Kline's life and ministry 
among the mountain people of Vir- 
ginia, Riders this year included: 
Marion Bowman, Maria Bowman, 
Fayc Wampler, joe Wampler, Fred 
Garber, Kathryn Ludwick, joe 
Evans, Glenn Bollinger. Ned Con- 
klin, Teresa Townsend, Margaret 
Geisert, and |oel Geisert. Emmert 
Bittinger organized the event and 
drove the support vehicle. 

iinging homebuilders 
:ravei to Malawi 

^ team of 20 "Habitat 
singers," mostly from 
31ympic View Church of 
he Brethren in Seattle, 
Vash., will travel to 
vlalawi in August for three 
veeks. This Global Village 
vork team, sponsored by 
-fabitat for Humanity, is 
mique in that it is a choir 
md a construction crew. 
vlembers will build friend- 
;hips through the sharing 
)t music while construct- 
ng a home alongside the 
ecipient family. 

The group is being led 
)y Bob Kauffman, 
Dlympic View Church of 
he Brethren choir dircc- 
or, who has experience 
caching music in Africa. 
A'ith Thelma, his wife: 
ohn Braun, Olympic 
/lew's pastor: and Braun's 
vife. Velda; and daughter, 
Fali, the team has already 
performed throughout the 
Seattle area at various 
undraising events. 

Other team members 
from Olympic View are 
Patty Berg, Roger Edmark, 
Frosty Wilkinson, Martha 
Bosch, Sid Bosch, |anet 
Lamont, and Mike Stern. 

Stern is a Brethren 
songwriter who composed 
"Count Well the Cost" for 
last year's Annual Confer- 
ence. He has written a new 
song for Habitat For 
Humanity called "Every 
One Of Us Deserves A 

Contact Mike Stern at 
mstern(f(u. washing 
for ways to support the 
group or to obtain sheet 
music of his songs. 

Youth lead others to 
'Take the Pledge' 

Eleven young people from 
West Charleston (Ohio) 
Church of the Brethren 
have learned about the his- 
toric peace position of the 
Church of the Brethren in 
a church heritage class. 

The lesson inspired them 
to promote peace in their 

own church by signing the 
pledge against violence 
distributed through the 
Brethren Witness office. 
Then they set up a table at 
church and encouraged 
other congregation mem- 
bers to take the pledge. 

After two Sunday morn- 
ings, 61 people had signed 
the pledge, thus saying yes 
to these statements: "1 
won't fight to kill. I will 
fight injustice. I will fight 
hatred. 1 will fight racism. 
I will fight hunger. I will 
fight to make sure that 
everyone has what they 
need to live as God 
intends. I just won't fight 
to kill." 

The class was taught by 
Thomas Hanks, youth 
director, who commented: 
"I especially like the sixth 
statement. It implies that we 
should work not only to 
make sure that people have 
their material needs met, but 
also to make sure that they 
hear the Good News of 
lesus." Contact Hanks at 

At 87, she delivers 
meals to the elderly 

Miriam Kolle was in her 
mid-bOs when she began 
delivering for Meals on 
Wheels. Now, 22 years later, 
the 87-year-old member of 
the Harmonyville Church of 
the Brethren, Pottstown, Pa., 
is still driving a 25-mile route 
to serve meals to elderly 
clients, most of whom are 10 
years younger than her. In 
April Kolle's volunteer work 
was featured in the 
Pottstown Mercury, which 
said she also maintains large 
flower and vegetable gardens 
and helps her son mow acres 
of lawn. Her son is |ohn 
Kolle, pastor of the Har- 
monyville church. How long 
will she deliver meals? 
"That's up to the Lord," she 
told the newspaper. 

"In Touch " profiles Brethren 
H'e woiilil like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos to "In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Ehiu. IL 60120. 

August 1998 Mhssenglr 5 


Ministry Summer Service 
interns begin assignments 

Eleven Church of the Bicthrcn young 
adults headed to their summertime 
assignments in lune as Ministry 
Summer Service interns. Now in its 
third year, the MSS program pro- 
vides young adults the opportunity 
to spend a summer with a mentor in 
the pastoral ministry field. 

Ministry Summer Service interns and 

leculcrs met for orientation at 
Bethany Theologieal Seminary. They 
are. front row: liuly Mills Reiiner 
lohn Eslileman. Lancaster. Pa. 
Middle roil', from left: .Angel Giillon. 
Castailer Puerto Rico: Holly Berkey. 
Holsupple, Pa.: Amy Haas, Overlaitd 
Park. Kan.: Alleit Hansell: Mary 
Gordon. Waynesboro, Va.: and 
Rebecca Hade, State College, Pa. 
Back rail'; Chris Donglas: Joshua 
Brockway. Louisville. Ohio: Keith 
Carter. Decatur Ind.: Rebekah 
Helsel, .Altoona, Pa,: Jessica Hood, 
Flora, Ind.: and Richard Sti\'er 
Ansonia. Ohio. 

Disaster aid helps Alabama, 
Africa, and Afghanistan 

Three grants totaling $18,750 have 
been allocated recently from the 
Church of the Brethren Emergency 
Disaster Fund. 

• $ 1 1 ,250 for support of Church 
World Service's $225,000 response 
to spring storms and floods that 
struck across the country. These 
funds will support inter-religious 
recovery efforts in South Dakota, 
Pennsylvania, and New York. 

• $5,000 in response to a May 50 
earthquake in Afghanistan that mea- 
sured 7.1 on the Richter scale, 
killing over 3,500 people and leaving 
more than 60,000 homeless. This 
grant will help Church World Service 

purchase 1 ,500 tents, 3,000 blan- 
kets, and 1,500 food baskets that 
will be distributed to 1 ,500 house- 
holds in 1 5 villages. 

• $2,500 to support Western 
Pennsylvania District's response to 
the tornadoes and high winds that 
blew through the Salisbury, Pa., area 
May 3 1 - |une 1 . There were 43 
homes destroyed and 37 homes suf- 
fered major damage 

Two 20-foot containers of medical 
supplies were shipped by the General 
Board's Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries in |une from the 
Brethren Service Center, New Wind- 
sor, Md.. to the Republic of Congo 
on behalf of the Medical Benevo- 
lence Foundation. Twenty-five 
5,000-gallon canvas water contain- 
ers have also been shipped to 
Ecuador, along with 5,000 five- 
gallon water jugs. 

Thirty thousand dollars was allo- 
cated from the Church of the 
Brethren Emergency Disaster Fund 
to assist with two ongoing disaster 
response projects of the Church of 
the Brethren General Board's Emer- 
gency Response/Service Ministries. 
An additional S20.000 has been allo- 
cated for a rebuilding project of six 
months to one year in Birmingham, 
Ala. Following tornadoes that struck 
in April, $5,000 was allocated to 
support child care volunteers and to 
pay for the delivery of 720 Church 
World Service school kits. This com- 
mitment to a building project is 
needed, said ER/SM manager Miller 
Davis, because 45 percent of the 
people being assisted in the region 
have no insurance. The allocation 
will be used to work with a local 
interfaith agency in opening this 
long-term project. 

An additional $10,000 has been 
allocated in response to spring tor- 
nadoes and floods that struck 

6 MlSSENGER August 1998 

Florida. Of the $50,000 that was 
approved in May, $43,555 has been 
jsed. The additional funds will allow 
ER/SM to continue its repair and 
rebuilding work. 

An allocation of $7,500 from the 
[Church of the Brethren Global Food 
Crisis Fund (GFCF) was approved 
:o assist famine relief in the west 
\frican nation of Mauritania. This 
noney will be forwarded to Action by 
Churches Together, which is seeking 
i total of $52,506 to establish a 
nother/child feeding program. Food, 
nedicines, and training will be pro- 
dded by the World Food Program 

>taff changes announced for 
JVS, SERRV, On Earth Peace 

fodd Reish of Elgin, 111., has 
esigned as coordinator of Brethren 
/olunteer Service Orientation, effec- 
ive Nov. 6. At that time he will move 
o Richmond, Ind., to join his wife, 
Jrenda, who in August will begin 
employment at Bethany Theological 
Seminary in Richmond. She cur- 
ently serves as controller for the 
jeneral Board in Elgin. 

Todd Reish has served the General 
Joard since [uly 1994, coordinating 
6 BVS orientation units 

Ned Stowe of Lombard, 111., has 
greed to serve as the General 
Joard's volunteer controller while a 
earch for Brenda Reish's successor 
ontinues. Ned is a retired adminis- 
rator from George Williams College. 

Kate lohnson, On Earth Peace 
assembly's program director, has 
esigned effective early August to 
lursue studies at Bethany Theologi- 
al Seminary, Richmond, ind. 

According to Tom Hurst, OEPA 
lirector, lohnson joined the organi- 
ation in luly 1996 and provided a 
tabilizing influence on OEPA's pro- 

gram that had been carried the three 
previous years by short-term 
Brethren Volunteer Service workers. 
During her tenure, more than a 
dozen peace academies for junior 
and senior high students were held 
and a new peace retreat for young 
adults was established. 

First hunger funds on their 
way to southern Sudan 

An initial Global Food Crisis Fund 
grant of $1 32,500 has been for- 
warded to the New Sudan Council of 
Churches (NSCC) for hunger relief 
and development assistance in south- 
ern Sudan. 

Sudanese communities of dis- 
placed people will be the principle 
beneficiaries of the aid, part of a 
$238,000, three-year project 
approved by the General Board in 

One grant will support Blessed 
Bakhita Girls School, home to over 
400 girls from across southern 
Sudan. The village of New Cush will 
receive funds for a child-feeding pro- 
gram, school supplies for adults and 
children, and seeds and tools for 
community members. A women's 
development program in Narus will 
receive grants for small-scale 
income-producing projects, includ- 
ing tailoring and bread-baking. 

The NSCC's peace department will 
receive assistance for its conflict res- 
olution training programs. Bicycles 
will be purchased for justice and 
peace committee members at the 
sprawling Kakuma refugee camp. 
Emergency food relief will be pro- 
vided for the drought-stricken 
community of Mundri. 

The New Sudan Council of 
Churches is the Church of the 
Brethren's partner in Sudan. "We are 
pleased to move ahead in providing 

this first installment of our multi- 
year commitment to our brothers 
and sisters in southern Sudan," said 
Global Mission Partnerships director 
Merv Keeney. 

For information on how Sunday 
School classes, youth groups, and 
congregations can participate in this 
project, or to borrow a Sudan photo 
display, contact David Radcliff, 
director of Brethren Witness. 

SERRV teaches Guatemalans 
what Americans want 

How does an expert weaver living in 
the Guatemala highlands begin to 
understand the needs of a young 
woman from Manhattan and incor- 
porate this knowledge into her 

This seemingly insurmountable 
gap was bridged recently by SERRV 
International, the Church of the 
Brethren self-help handcrafts organi- 
zation, when it brought 44 
representatives of 21 community- 
based artisan organizations from 
Guatemala and El Salvador together 
with a group of highly skilled people 
of different perspectives. The semi- 
nar was held May 1 5 - 1 7 in 

Robert Chase, SERRV director, 
initiated the seminar to help artisans 
regain some of the Guatemalan gift, 
housewares, and textile markets that 
have been lost in recent years to pro- 
ducers from other developing 

Experts from the United States, 
Holland, the United Kingdom, and 
Guatemala led workshops and panel 
discussions for the artisan represen- 
tatives. "They thirst to understand 
the North American and European 
consumer and to be informed of the 
trends as they develop," said Chase 
of the artisans and their representa- 

August 1998 Messenger 7 


tives. Chase challenged crafts and 
clothing producers to integrate the 
information gleaned from the confer- 
ence with the rich cultures of their 
countries and their unique skills to 
develop new products for domestic 
and international markets. 

Summer workcamps offer 
lessons for a life of service 

Seven workcamps offered this year 
by the Church of the Brethren Gen- 
eral Board's Youth/Young Adult 
Ministries will involve 1 54 youth, 
young adults and advisers. 

The first workcamp, a young adult 
trip to El Salvador, took place in 
lune. This group helped build a play- 
ground and Children's Ministry 
Center in Los Talpetates. 

Also in lune. Brethren Revival Fel- 
lowship cosponsored a senior high 
workcamp to the Dominican Repub- 
lic. They painted two churches, one 
in San Salvador and one in Arroyo 

The second senior high workcamp 
was June 22-28 in St. Croix, US 
"Virgin Islands. There the youth 
assisted elderly residents, painted a 
home for mentally and/or physically 
challenged adults, performed routine 
maintenance jobs, and worked with 
children at a residence for abused or 
neglected children. 

The first junior high workcamp 
was June 17-21 in Harrisburg, Pa. 
The youth worked for the Brethren 
Housing Association at Harrisburg 
First Church of the Brethren. A 
second junior high workcamp was 
luly 5-9 at Camp Ithiel in Gotha. 
Fla. Work projects focused on con- 
servation efforts at a state park and 
wilderness preserve. 

Another workcamp was held |uly 
8-1 2 at Northvicw Church of the 
Brethren, Indianapolis, Ind. This 
group helped refurbish homes in 
Indianapolis' inner city. The final 
junior high workcamp will be Aug. 
12-16 in Washington, D.C. Partici- 

pants will volunteer in soup kitchens 
and food banks. 

This year's workcamp coordinator 
is Emily Shonk, a Brethren "Volunteer 
Service worker, lonathan Brush is 
serving as summer workcamp assis- 

"Workcamps provide a unique 
opportunity for youth to follow in 
lesus' footsteps as they learn what 
serving others is all about," said 
Shonk. "A lifetime dedicated to help- 
ing others is not at the top of most 
'when I grow up I want to ...' lists — 
it's a perspective that has to be 
learned. This summer we'll be mod- 
eling and teaching service at each of 
our workcamps." 

Washington Office calls for 
support of Peace Tax Fund 

Now is the time to support the Peace 
Tax Fund bill (H.R.2660) in light of 
verbal support from Rep. Tom Delay 
(R-Tex.), House majority whip. 
Although he is not an official sponsor 
of the proposed bill, the National 
Campaign for a Peace Tax Fund 
reported that he spoke in favor of it 
recently while in Texas. 

Now he needs to hear from 
Brethren and others who oppose 
taxes for military purposes. His sup- 
port could help bring on other 
legislators as cosponsors. 

Since its inception in 1 708, the 
Church of the Brethren has openly 
expressed its opposition to war. 
During the Revolutionary War, 
recorded minutes indicate that 
Brethren were struggling to define 
what action to take with regard to 
government conscription and the 
payment of "war taxes." The recom- 
mendation by the Conference body 
was to examine one's conscience and 
to act as a result of Christ's leading, 
with support being given to all those 
who chose to pay or not to pay taxes. 

Some Brethren who paid their 
taxes would designate the money 
"for the needv." but would allow the 

government to decide ultimately how 
to use those funds. During the Civil 
War, the peace churches were suc- 
cessful in convincing the Union to I 
modify its approach to the use of tax 
revenues. The government agreed to 
use monies collected as bounty from 
conscientious objectors for "the ben- 
efit of sick and wounded soldiers" 
rather than for hiring substitutes. 

The Church of the Brethren has 
recently called for the establishment 
of a World Peace Tax Fund through 
several General Board and Annual 
Conference statements. 

By supporting the establishment of 
a Peace Tax Fund, we can lift up an 
integral part of our Brethren her- 
itage. In April 1972 the World Peace 
Tax Fund bill was introduced by Rep. 
Ron Dellums of California; the offi- 
cial national campaign was launched 
in May. 

Thanks to legislation passed in 
1940 establishing alternative service 
for drafted conscientious objectors, 
CO's have not been required to par- 
ticipate in active combat. Even so, 
more than one quarter of every tax 
dollar goes to current military expen- 
ditures. Over 19 percent goes to pay 
for past military debt. 

A Peace Tax Fund would allow 
conscientious objectors and others 
acting out of conscience to designate 
that total portion, 44 percent of 
every tax dollar, to life-giving gov- 
ernmental programs. They include 
the Special Supplemental Food Pro- 
gram for Women, Infants, and 
Children: Head Start; the U.S. Insti- 
tute of Peace: and the Peace Corps. 

The Washington Office urged 
Brethren to contact Tom Delay, 
urging him to support the Peace Tax 
Fund bill. Letters should be 
addressed to: Representative Tom 
DeLay, U.S. House of Representa- 
tives, Washington, DC 20515. Phone: 
202-225-5951; Fax: 202-225-5241: 
e-mail: the whip(a 

— Heather Nolen 

8 Messenger August 1998 

icwffs anil (liiiitoiilies 

i^nnual Conference resources — audio, 
/ideo, and printed — are available fol- 
owing this year's annual meeting: 

• a video wrap-up — concise high- 
ights from the week, including 
business, worship, and social activities. 
rhe video is 20 minutes long, and costs 

• a printed wrap-up summarizing the 
Conference week through text and pic- 
ures. Printed wrap-ups are used 
primarily by churches for distribution to 
Tiembers in conjunction with congrega- 
ional reports by Annual Conference 
ielegates. Cost is SI 2.50 per 50. 

• a video of the General Board's Live 
ileport, an hour-long report using 
irama and video to tell the story of 
jeneral Board ministries. Cost is 

• a sheet detailing the official actions 
jf the 1 998 Annual Conference, at no 
;harge. Contact the Annual Conference 
jffice at annualconf(« or 800 

• audiotapes of each worship service 
iermon and three sessions by William 
kVillimon at the Minister's Association 
;onference. Cost is S4.95 each. Orders 
nay be placed by calling 800-441-5712. 

rhe Western Plains District of the 

Church of the Brethren has prepared a 
videotaped 1 2-session study of Chalmer 
Faw's/4c-/s (Herald Press, 1995). The 
/ideo features Faw, former professor of 
Mew Testament at Bethany Theological 
Seminary, personally introducing his 
;ommentary section by section. This 
nexpensive videotape is available from 
Lahman-Sollenberger Video. Route 1, 
Box 164. Annville, PA 17005 (717-867- 
1-187). This tape would be useful for 
Bible study, or for anyone who might 
ivant to present a workshop on Acts, 
rhe Western Plains District office (516- 
241-4240, or. Rich Hanley, RO. Box 
594, McPherson, KS 67460) will sug- 
gest a person ready to lead a workshop. 
Reviewers of Chalmer Faw's commen- 
tary have responded, "It makes Acts 
truly live in our day," promoting a mes- 

sage that "confronts individuals, groups, 
and systems with jesus, who brought a 
gospel of love and forgiveness that chal- 
lenged the very foundations of society." 
Acts and all other titles in the Believers 
Church commentary series are available 
from Brethren Press. 

Some of the most stirring passages of 
scripture are the songs, poems, psalms, 
hymns, and laments found throughout 
the Bible. How these texts were used by 
the early church and how they connect 
with the songs and hymns of today is 
examined in Hymns and Songs of the 
Bible by Mary Ann Parrott, a forthcom- 
ing title in the Covenant Bible Studies 
series. Parrott, a musician specializing 
in organ and composition, lives in 
Pomona, Calif. The book is available for 
S5.95 plus postage and handling. Con- 
tact Brethren Press at 
brethren_press_gbca or 

A different style of mission support is 
being initiated in the General Board's 
search for a mission coordinator for the 
Dominican Republic. The board is seek- 
ing congregations and individuals to 
support this new mission venture. Given 
recent cutbacks in mission, this place- 
ment can proceed only as supporting 
partners come forward. "This is an effort 
to respond to congregations and individu- 
als who wish to designate funds to 
support mission," according to Merv 
Keeney, director for Global Mission Part- 
nerships. "The idea is to raise funds for 
this placement specifically, rather than 
through the unified budget. A key goal is 
to foster a closer connection between the 
funders of the mission and the mission 
personnel." For further information con- 
tact Global Mission Partnerships, 
financial resource counselors, or Congre- 
gational Life Team members. 

"Games That Byte: Helping Youth Eval- 
uate Computer Games" is a new 
hands-on curriculum "that helps youth 
evaluate the unspoken assumptions and 

harmful effects of violent video games." 
This new resource uses Philippians 4:8 
as a foundational biblical text to help 
youth consider values alternative to 
those implied in violent video games. It 
is produced jointly by Mennonite Cen- 
tral Committee, Ontario, and Christian 
Peacemaker Teams. The resource is 
geared primarily to junior high Sunday 
school classes or youth groups. Partici- 
pants play games on church-based 
computers or on computers brought 
from homes. An appendix with quota- 
tions, data, and additional resources on 
violence is included. Order from 
Brethren Press. 

The Brethren Encyclopedia's 1998 cata- 
log has been released. New additions to 
this year's edition include a Brethren 
video series, consisting of 50 video ses- 
sions on seven videocassettes containing 
over 1 5 hours of teaching. William 
Eberly of North Manchester. Ind., 
serves as instructor. A study guide is 
included. Cost is S95. Another new 
offering, "God's Means of Grace," writ- 
ten in 1 908 by C.F. Yoder, studies the 
church's important practices. Ten addi- 
tional Brethren-related items are 
included in the catalog. To receive one. 
call 215-646-1 190. 

Plans are underway to produce a fourth 
volume of The Brethren Encyclopedia. 
The schedule calls for the manuscript to 
be completed next year, with the new 
volume to be published in 2000. The 
new volume will include additions and 
corrections to the first three volumes 
(published in 1985-1984). new articles 
on topics that have emerged since 1980, 
and a comprehensive index. Carl 
Bowman of Bridgewater (Va.) College 
and Don Durnbaugh of luniata College, 
Huntingdon, Pa, are co-editors. The 
editorial board is seeking corrections 
and additions to the previously pub- 
lished volumes for inclusion into volume 
four. These corrections should be sent 
to Durnbaugh at Box 948, Juniata Col- 
lege, Huntingdon, PA 16652. 

August 1998 Messenger 9 

Orlando '98 

Faithfully taking care of business for the 21 2* time 

Collaboration" was the word of tl 
day at the 2 1 2th Church of the 
Brethren Annual Conference |u 



50-|uly 5 in Orlando, Fla. 

The conference, which drew a total 
of 5.509 registered attendees to the 
cavernous Orange County Convention 
Center, was sedate and cheerful as 
Brethren steered clear of controversy. 
In business sessions, delegates recog- 
nized two organizations — Association 
of Brethren Caregivers and On Earth 
Peace Assembly — as "fully reportable 
and accountable" to Annual Confer- 
ence, thereby establishing a more 
decentralized but collaborative style of 
organizing denominational affairs. 

Judy Mills Reimer was installed as 
executive director of the General 
Board. On the day after Conference, 
Reimer was on the job addressing her 
new duties at General Offices in Elgin, 

In other business, the Conference 

• Gave Brethren Benefit Trust 
authority to offer expanded financial 
services, including mutual funds, to 
church members. 

• Approved a paper on "World Mis- 
sion Philosophy and Global Church 
Mission Structure," which outlines 
procedures for establishing and equip- 
ping new overseas mission projects. 

• Returned without action a query 
requesting study of medical uses of 
fetal tissue. 

• Accepted a report on Free Min- 
istry and adopted its statement on 
Plural Non- Salaried Ministry. 

• Approved a paper reaffirming 
"The New Testament as Our Rule of 
Faith and Practice." 

• Assigned thi'ee committees to 
study queries and report back to 
Annual Conference in the future. 
Study committees were assigned to 
research Congregational Structure, 
Review of Process for Calling Denom- 
inational Leadership, and Caring for 
the Poor. 

10 Messengi-r August 1998 


Phil Grout 

Story BY 
Fletcher F Farrar 

Top photo: An Annual Conference protest organized by Christian 
Peacemaker Teams asks the Disney Corporation to pay fair wages to 
Haitian workers who sew Disney clothing. Second row, left: In the 
General Board Live Report, Judy Mills Reimer, Amanda Sgro, and Roy 
Stern make the best of their situation on a stuck elevator. Right: Judy 
Mills Reimer takes charge as the General Board's new executive direc- 
tor. Third row: On an elevator together for the entertaining General 
Board Live Report were, from left, Judy Mills Reimer; Amanda Sgro 
of Sebnng, Fla,; Roy Stem, pastor of Lorida, Fla, congregation; Bonnie 
'rel Filer, Sebnng, Fla.; and Amanda Osborn, Sebnng, Fla. 

^ to tm c 

Top photo: "The land is sold!" reported Earle Fike, Jr., third from right, president of the 
Bethany Theological Seminary board during Bethany's report to Conference. Sale of the 
seminary's former campus in Oak Brook, III. enabled the seminary to pay off the $4 mil- 
lion loan made to it by Brethren Benefit Trust for the seminary's relocation to Richmond, 
Ind. Here Wil Nolen, left, president of Brethren Benefit Trust, and John Flora, BBT board 
chair, present a framed copy of loan papers marked "Paid in full" to Fike and Eugene 
Roop, president of Bethany Bottom left: Chris Bowman, chair of the General Board, 
said in his report: "This was a tough year! We tned to be faithful. Lots of folks put pres- 
sure on us to follow their own vision of the church-to go left or right or backwards-but 
the Annual Conference elected us and, with prayer and consensus, we had to stay faith- 
ful to what we felt was right, despite the maneuverings of others." Bottom right: Don 
Tharpe of Midland, Va., addresses an item of business from the Conference floor. 

August 1998 Mes.senger 11 


Annual Conference is always a 
time for getting friends together, 
for relaxed visiting, and formal 
celebrations. For many who attend 
Conference each year, it is primarily 
a social gathering, interrupted only 
occasionally by business, worship, 
and sleep. 
Among the highlights this year: 

• Twenty-six golfers played in the 
annual Brethren Benefit Trust golf 
outing at the International Golf Club 
in Orlando. After a tie-breaking play- 
off, first place went to Todd Reish, 
Dan Poole, Dave Rogers, and lean 

• lay Gibble was honored upon his 
retirement as executive director of 
the Association of Brethren Care- 
givers, after 1 7 years of work with 
the ministry. "It's been a great joy," 
said Gibble, who continues as a part- 
time ABC staff member, working 
with deacon ministries and the 
Lafiya program. 

• The annual 5lv run/walk, spon- 
sored by the Outdoor Ministries 
Association, drew a crowd of ener- 
getic early-risers. First and second 
place winners in the men's run were 
Fernando Coronado and |erry 
Crouse. Deb Morris and Rachel 
Long led the women. In the walking 
division, Dave Fonts won for the men 
and Becki Ball-Miller won for the 

• Service took first place for 38 
Brethren conferencegoers who con- 
tributed a combined 57 volunteer 
days assisting Project LOVE by 
repairing houses in nearby Winter 
Garden. The houses had been dam- 
aged by storms that swept through 
central Florida in February. 

In a separate response to disaster. 
Brethren at Conference donated 
more than $13,000 for the Red Cross 
to help victims of Florida wildfires. 

Top photo: Dorotha Fry Mason of N. Manchester, Ind,, and longtime fnend Eisie Eicher of Harrisonburg, Va,, share family 
photos. Middle: Magician Barry Sink pulls a rabbit out of a hat during children's time, led by worship leader Cindy Barnum- 
Steggerda, Below: Ludovic St. Fleur, pastor of Eglise des Freres Haitiens, Miami, Fla,, with Karen Carter of Daleville, Va,, 
greeting members of the Haitian church choir, which performed for Tuesday evening's worship service. 

12 MrsstNGER Aueust 1998 

Top: Emily Barker, with her grandmother, Violet Miller, a 
member of Hope Church of the Brethren, Freeport, Mich. 
Middle: Friends get together From left: ByrI Shaver, pastor, 
Longmeadow Church of the Brethren, Hagerstown, Md,; 
Manny Diaz of Lake Chades, La, a Congregational Life 
Team staff member and Southern Plains district executive; 
and Don Self , associate pastor. Lake Charles (La.) Com- 
munity Church of the Brethren. Bottom: John Wenger of 
Anderson, Ind., a clinical psychologist, leads a panel dis- 
cussion in an insight session on mental health issues. 

August 1998 Mi.s,si.nci:r 13 



1. V 

aithfulness" was the common 
theme explored by each of the 
worship preachers at Annual 
Conference. A quotation from each: 

William Willimon, dean of the 
chapel and professor of Christian 
ministry, Duke University, Durham, 
N.C., was Tuesday night's speaker: 
"The Bible is a book about the imagi- 
nation of God. It's a book meant to 
stoke, to fund, to kindle the imagina- 
tion of the church. That's how 1 want 
you to think of the Church of the 
Brethren, as a people produced by 
the imagination of God, as a people 
with faithful imagination." 

Elaine SoUenberger, Annual Con- 
ference moderator, of Everett, Pa., 
spoke Wednesday: "Somehow we 
need to find the grace to value those 
things we have in common as well as 
those we do not. ... At this time in 
our lives, one of the things we need 
most is to find ways, or the way, to 
hold this body, the Church of the 
Brethren, together during a time of 
some uncertainty and some lack ot 
clarity about who we are." 

Fred Swartz, pastor of Manassas 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren, 
preached Thursday evening: "Often 
what is required of us is a real sur- 
prise, what we least expect. For 
example, maybe we need to give up 
some of our obstinacy toward others' 
views in order for the church to make 
some headway toward unity and wit- 
ness for Christ. Maybe we need to 
give up some of our social prejudice 
so that Christ's love for all people 
can shine through." 

Duane Ramsey, former moderator 
and recently retired pastor of Wash- 
ington City Chui'ch of the Brethren, 
Washington, D.C., spoke Friday 
evening: "1 have never found it easy 
to walk and talk with God. Any seri- 
ous commitment to follow Christ is 
not easy." 

Donna Forbes Steincr of Lan- 
disville. Pa., associate district 
executive of Atlantic Northeast Dis- 
trict, spoke Saturday evening: "The 
nature of God's love is inclusion of 

Fred Swartz 

Donna Forbes Steiner 

Robert Alley 

14 Messenger August 1998 

all persons. No area, no people, no 
group is separated from God's 
mercy. Whatever or whomever con- 
tributes to excluding another from 
the Christian community works at 
cross-purposes with God's redemp- 
tive intention." 

Robert Alley, pastor of Bridgewater 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren, was the 
Sunday morning preacher: "This 
week, we have listened to words of 
faithfulness .... Now as we prepare 
to leave Annual Conference, the chal- 
lenge for us is to go aware of God's 
faithfulness to us and be unashamed 
to be called God's people! Remember 
who goes with us!" 

Top: A human tableau, called a "living banner," was pre- 
sented at the beginning of each night's worship. Here, 
representing different stages in life, from a youth being 
baptized to a seminary graduate living a life of faithful- 
ness are (from left): Joel Kline, Jill Kline (kneeling), Liz 
Bidgood-Enders, Eugene Roop, and Cathy Folk, Second 
row left: Jimmy Ross, pastor of the Lititz, Pa. congrega- 
tion, leads singing. Ross, who had been elected to serve 
this year as moderator but had to resign a year ago for 
health reasons, came to Conference demonstrating that 
he has been restored to good health. Second row right: 
Belita Mitchell, a member of Impenal Heights Church of 
the Brethren, Los Angeles, Calif., served as Thursday 
evening worship leader Third: Janelle Flory (left), a fresh- 
man at McPherson College, and Kendra Flory, a junior at 
Bridgewater College, dazzle conference goers with a 
handbell duet. The sisters, from McPherson, Kan., are 
daughters of Lowell Flory, 1999 Annual Conference mod- 
erator. Bottom: NoelleBallinger performs ballet to the 
music of "The Lord's Prayer." 

August 1998 Messenger 1 5 

Global snapshot 

The world comes 
together at Orlando 

There was not a more inspirational 
moment at Annual Conference 
than when the Brethren Volunteer 
Service volunteers came forward one 
by one to announce their name, pro- 
ject, and location. From 10 countries 
and 1 3 states they came, 52 volun- 
teers in all, each serving God under 
the Brethren banner. For this time it 
seemed the church had indeed been 
faithful to the command, "Go ye 
therefore into all the world . . . ." 

As part of the BVS 50th anniver- 
sary celebration, current volunteers 
from around the globe had traveled 
to Conference; most of them had 
their trips made possible by the gift 
of an anonymous donor. 

1 . Laura Stepp, Pesticide Action Network, San Francisco, Calif,; 2. Mimi Copp, teaciier, Kulp Bible College, Mubi, Nigena; 3.Jessica Lehman, 
Northern Ireland Children's Holiday Scheme, Belfast, Northern Ireland; 4. Matt Stauffer, assistant to BVS orientation, Elgin, III.; 5, Diane 
Dubble, Community Mediation Center, Harrisonburg, Va.; 6. Jean Morgan, Women's Aid, Belfast, Northern Ireland; 
7, Nancy Zook, Christian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, London, England; 8. Mary Ann Albert, World friendship Center, Hiroshima, 
Japan; 9, Caria Kilgore, Religious Coalition for Emergency Human Need, Frederick, Md.; 10. Mandy Kreps, peace consultant of Shenan- 
doah District, Harrisonburg, Va,; 11. Anna Szymaska, Tri-City Homeless Coalition, Fremont, Calif,; 12. Mary Miller, Tri-City Homeless 
Coalition, Fremont, Calif,; 13. Jenn Brown, National- Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Washington, D,C.; 14, Andrea Wells, Cafe 
Joshua, West Palm Beach, Fla,; 15. Ruth Hess, Camp Bethel, Fincastle,Va,; 16, Robert Stiles, San Antonio Catholic Worker House, San Anto- 
nio, Texas; 17. Kryss Chupp, Christian Peacemaker Teams, Chicago, III,; 1 8, Heather Nolen, Church of the Brethren Washington Office, 
Washington, D,C,; 19. Tina Rieman, assistant to the director of Volunteer Service Ministries, Elgin, III,; 20, Chen Rieman, San Antonio 
Catholic Worker House, San Antonio, Texas; 21, Megan Blinn, L'Arche Community Republic of Ireland; 22. Melissa Collett, World Wide 
Web administrator, Elgin, III.; 23. Karin Davidson, program assistant to Brethren Witness Office, Elgin, III,; 24. ien Flory, Religious Coali- 
tion for Emergency Human Need, Frederick, Md,; 25. Chip Wood, Camp Myrtlewood, Myrtlepoint, Ore.; 26. Aaron Durnbaugh, Northern 
Ireland Children's Holiday Scheme, Belfast, Northern Ireland; 27. Curtis Bryant, Trees For Life, Wichita, Kan,; 28. Charles Albert, World 
Fnendship Center, Hiroshima, Japan; 29. Jeffrey Faus, Trees For Life, Wichita, Kan,; 30. Travis Reich, Washington City Church of the Brethren 
Soup Kitchen, Washington, D.C; 31. Ean Frank, San Antonio, Metropolitan Ministry, San Antonio, Texas; 32. Bekah Rieke, Trees For Life, 
Wichita, Kan,; 33. Tom Benevento, Trees For Life, Guatemala; 34. Dennis Kingery, teacher, Hillcrest School, Jos, Nigeria; 35. CaryJossart, 
Kilcranny House, Coleraine, Northern Ireland; 36. Sarah Shreckhise, Casa de Esperanza de los Ninos, Houston, Texas; 37. Jenny Stover, 
Cafe 458, Atlanta, Ga,; 38. Brian Yoder, National Youth Conference coordinator, Elgin, 111,; 39, Megan Joseph, Casa de Esperanza de los 
Ninos, Houston, Texas; 40. Costa Nicolaidis, Church of the Brethren Washington Office, Washington, D.C; 41. Torin Eikenberry, Su Casa 
Catholic Worker House, Chicago, 111,, 42. Bryan Wave, Interfaith House, Chicago, III,; 43. Daniel Opoku, National Farm Worker Ministry, 
Benson, North Carolina; 44. Jeff Bibler, Trees for Life, India; 45. Stephan Kruft, Tri-City Homeless Coalition, Fremont, Calif,; 46. Scott Shiv- 
ely, Kilcranny House, Coleraine, Northern Ireland; 47, Raif Ziegler, EIRENE Organization, Neuwied, Germany; 48. Andreas Tillmann, 
Washington City Church of the Brethren Soup Kitchen, Washington, D,C,; 49. Chris Weller, Balkan Peace Team, Split, Croatia; 50. Nathan 
Backus, Gould Farm, Monterey, Mass,; 51 . Andrew Taylor, Proyecto Libertad, Hariingen, Texas; 52. Todd Reish, coordinator of BVS Orien- 
tation (full-time staff), Elgin, III,; 53. Michael McCarthy, Proyecto Libertad, Harlingen,Texas; 54. Elaine Campbell, Multi-Cultural Resource 
Centre, Belfast, Northern Ireland; 55. Knstin Flory, BVS Europe coordinator (full-time staff), Geneva, Switzerland; 56. Dan McFadden, direc- 
tor of Volunteer Service Ministries/BVS (full-time staff), Elgin, 111, 

(ilA" - 


42 ..^"44 i45^'* 48^^11 52153^55" 



?6:A.2eW32,:;,33.^^,, 54 37 3lf 




16 Messenger August 1998 

Alma Long of Ada, Ohio, who played a key role in'the foundin'g of BVS in 1948, spoke at the 50th ,anni\/ersary dinner. 

"The founding of BVS at the 1948 
Annual Conference was the most excit- 
ing event of my life." 

"You can tackle a lot of problems if you 
know that somebody somewhere loves 

"It's the chain reaction of the spirit-how 
one life touches another life-that gets 
the job done." 

"BVS wound me up for life." 


Celebrating histofy and 
hope at the 50'' anniversary 

More than 400 persons attended 
the Brethren Volunteer Service 
50th anniversary dinner in Orlando. 
Most of them were current or former 
BVS volunteers. All agreed that BVS 
not only changes the world, but 
changes the people who enter the 
program, too. 

Several former volunteers were rec- 
ognized from the first official BVS 
unit in 1948. and from volunteer pro- 
jects before that. Volunteers from each 
decade were then asked to stand. 
When the crowd was asked how many 
had met their spouse through BVS, 
dozens of hands were raised. 

Bob Gross, a former volunteer from 
N. Manchester, Ind., told the audi- 
ence that BVS deepens a person's 
values permanently. "BVS volunteers 
are changed in a way that they don't 
quite fit into the world anymore," 
Gross said. He suggested networking 
among former volunteers so that 
BVSers "can stay ruined for life." 

Kristin Flory, the coordinator of 
Brethren Volunteer Service in Europe, 

came to Annual Conference from her 
base in Geneva, Switzerland, where 
she has been supervising BVSers for 
the past ten years. She now has charge 
of about 25 volunteers. 

Preferring to work quietly behind 
the scenes, Flory reluctantly agreed to 
be interviewed in Orlando about 
changes she has seen over the years. 

She said it continues to be a chal- 
lenge to find the right kind of people, 
and enough of them, to fill the need. 
In Europe alone, she said, she knows 
of 10 or 12 organizations which are 
"desperately" seeking volunteers. 
Recent cutbacks in BVS recruitment 
personnel contribute to the problem. 

"The volunteers are more honest 
about what they want to get out of 
their BVS service," she said. While in 
the past participants said they were 
motivated only by their desire to 
serve, today the motivation is mixed. 
"There is an increased consciousness 
that this is part of their education," 
Flory said. Though less than half of 
the volunteers are members of the 
Church of the Brethren, Brethren 
values are emphasized. "Some are 
clear that they are living out of their 
faith," Flory said. 

Regardless of their motives for 
coming into BVS, the volunteers 
always leave the program changed by 
it. "They are changed by seeing a dif- 

ferent way of approaching problems. 
They get another cultural perspec- 
tive. It's inevitable that they're going 
to see things differently than when 
they came." 

"We're all going to be changed and 
challenged," Flory said, offering a 
glimpse into her own motivation. 
Some volunteers' lives take on a whole 
new perspective, oriented to peace and 
justice for the poor. "I'm thrilled when 
that happens." 

Dan McFadden, who heads BVS as 
director of Volunteer Service Min- 
istries for the General Board, said 
currently there are 79 open BVS posi- 
tions with only 25 volunteers currently 
available to fill them. "We need volun- 
teers," he said. 

Bob Gross told the dinner audience 
he'd like to see BVS get more involved 
in Brethren-initiated group projects, 
rather than just being a clearinghouse 
to recruit volunteers for existing pro- 
jects. "We need to be washing the feet 
of the world," he said. "But we need to 
be challenging oppression too." 

Alma Long of Ada, Ohio, who 
regaled the dinner crowd with tales 
from the beginnings of BVS 50 years 
ago, ended her presentation with a 
look toward the future. "God isn't 
done with BVS yet," she said. "There 
lies the hope. And there lies the chal- 

August 1998 Messenger 17 


Children and youth at Conference 
learned about their faith, made new 
friends, performed service work, and 
shared their talents. The young at 
Annual Conference are not only the 
church's future, they are its present 

Dawn Hanes, left, of Union, Ohio, Drew 
Jones of Durfiam, N.C, and Amy Rhoades 
of Dalevile, Va, get their heads together 
at senior high youth activities. 

Editor's Note: This photo 
is by Jessica Ramirez of 
Elkhart, Ind.. who will be 
a high school senior this 
fall. She is considering a 
career in photography. 


and friends performed a spirited God- 
speli for conferencegoers Saturday 
night. Pictured, from left, are: Holly 
Hathaway John Harvey, Barb Sayler, 
Shad Scarrette, Rhonda Pittman Gin- 
gnch, Liz Bidgood-Enders, Jim Bowyer, 

Jason and Heidi Fishburn perform dunng a senior nign concert. 

Mycal Gresh of New Plains, Pa. pours her heart into children's rhythm band performance . . . 

. , . but once off stage she succumbs in the arms of her father, Pastor Ken Gresh. 

18 Messenger August 1998 


)p: Bitrus Bdlia, general secretary of Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a Nigeria, delivers greetings in Orlando, with Bitrus Tizhe, EYN 

a, left, and Tizfie enjoy American food 
atives in famine-gripped North Korea, 

resident, and Men/ Keeney, director of Global Mission Partnerships. Second: 1 

Orlando. Bottom photo: Kim Joo, a consultant for several Brethren relief initic 

lived in Orlando direct from her latest visit to the Asian nation. She discusses the situation in North Korea with Brethren 

astor Dan Kim, left, and General Board vice chair, Lon Sollenberger Knepp. Joo hosted Knepp on a February visit to 

orth Korea. 

They could never imagine a rule 
limiting the length of speeches 
at their Annual Conference, or 
limiting a delegate to only one 
speech on a particular subject. In 
Africa, speeches go on and on. 

Despite differences in microphone 
decorum, guests from Nigeria at 
Annual Conference found much in 
common with their US church part- 
ners. The guests were the two top 
leaders of Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a 
Nigeria (EYN), the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria. They are Bitrus 
Bdlia, general secretary, and Bitrus 
Tizhe, president. 

They came as part of the celebra- 
tion of 75 years of partnership 
between the US Church of the 
Brethren and the Nigerian church. 
Some 80 Brethren who have served 
in Nigeria or visited there joined the 
visitors on stage during a special pre- 
sentation, and many others with 
special ties to the African church 
greeted the visitors at a reception. 

The church leaders' visit to 
Orlando followed meetings at 
Church of the Brethren offices in 
Elgin, ill. This was the "biennial con- 
sultation" between Nigerian church 
leaders and their church partners, 
which include the Basel Mission of 
Basel, Switzerland, in addition to the 
Church of the Brethren. 

These visitors would go home to a 
land in political turmoil over leader- 
ship struggles. Nigeria's political 
problems affect the EYN church pri- 
marily through the economic 
problems resulting from government 
corruption. Problems between Chris- 
tians and Muslims are intensifying as 
Muslim fundamentalism spreads. 

Despite these problems, or because 
of them, EYN is growing so rapidly it 
is experiencing a leadership shortage. 
There are full-time pastors for only a 
third of the 356 congregations. 

Tizhe said service is key to the 
church's evangelism in Nigeria. A 
rural development program digs wells 
even in Muslim areas as a demonstra- 
tion of Christian love. He recited a 
favored saying: 'Tf I go empty- 
handed, what will my Lord say?" 

August 1998 Messenger 19 

New Leadershio 

The new executive director of the 
General Board, Judy Mills 
Reimer, received a standing ova- 
tion as she was officially installed at 
the conclusion of Thursday morn- 
ing's General Board Live Report. 
Family, friends, and church officials 
surrounded Reimer as she took her 
vows from Chris Bowman, chairman 
of the General Board, and received 
anointing with oil and laying on of 

Reimer gave all in attendance a 
bookmark bearing the words of Eph- 
esians 4:5 — "Make it your aim to 
be at one in the Spirit and you will be 
bound together in peace." — and led 
the body in reading the passage in 
response. "It is my sincere hope, 
friends," Reimer said, "that we will 
continue on the journey and that we 
would truly be about God's busi- 

Lowell Flory, a college professor 
and attorney from McPherson, Kan., 
assumed the position of Annual Con- 
ference moderator, the highest 
elected office in the Church of the 
Brethren, after serving one year as 

Emily Metzger Mumma, pastor of 
Hollidaysburg (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, was elected moderator- 
elect. She will assume the position of 
moderator next |uly, and will preside 
over the 2 1 4th Annual Conference in 
2000. Mumma, of Duncansville, Pa., 
has served the church in numerous 

Top: Judy Mis Reimer, new executive director of the Gen- 
eral Board, Second: Reimer being anointed with oil by 
Chris Bowman, chair of the General Board. Bottom: Laying 
on hands, from left, are: Chris Bowman; Troy Reimer, son, 
of Roanoke, Va.; George Reimer; Judy Mills Reimer; David 
Shumate, Virlina distnct executive; and Jane Mills, sister, 
of Louisville, Ky 

20 Mi.ssENi.ER August 1998 

)p: Tracy Wenger Sadd, left of Manheim, Pa, was elected vice chair of the General Board and Mary Jo Flory-Steury, of 
ettering, Ohio, was elected chair. Middle: Kneeling dunng Sunday's consecration service are Lowell Flory, the new mod- 
^ator, and Emily Metzger Mumma, moderator-elect. Standing, from left, are Barbara Flory, Cathy Huffman, Elaine 
ollenberger, Berwyn Oltman, and Luke Mumma. Below: Lowell Flory says thanks and farewell to departing moderator 
laine Sollenberger, with whom he has served for the past year. 

leadership positions on the congre- 
gational, district, and 
denominational levels. 

Among other election results: 

Annual Conference Program and 
Arrangements Committee: Paul 
Roth, Broadway, Va. 

General Board: At-large — R. |an 
Thompson, Mesa, Ariz. Atlantic 
Southeast — Merle Crouse, St. 
Cloud, Fla. Missouri/Arkansas — 
Cynthia Loper Sanders, Cabool, Mo. 
Southern Pennsylvania — Warren 
Eshbach. Thomasville, Pa. 

Pastoral Compensation and Bene- 
fits Advisory Committee: Eunice Erb 
Culp, Goshen, Ind. 

Committee on Interchurch Rela- 
tions: lames Beckwith, Dayton, Va. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
electors: Representing the laity — 
Peggy Mangus Yoder, Huntingdon, 
Pa. Representing the ministry — 
Susan Stern Boyer, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

The General Board elected Mary Jo 
Flory-Steury, pastor of the Prince of 
Peace congregation, Kettering, Ohio, 
as its new chair. Tracy Wenger Sadd 
of Manheim, Pa., was elected vice- 
chair. Other executive committee 
members are Phyllis Davis, Ernest 
Bolz, Stafford Frederick, and Bill 

Ann Ouay of the La Verne (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren was intro- 
duced as new chair of Brethren 
Benefit Trust. Ray Donadio was 
elected vice-chair and is joined by 
new board members Lamar Gibble 
and Richard Pogue. Cheryl Otte- 
moeller Ingold was re-elected by 
Conference delegates. 

The Association of Brethren Care- 
givers has chosen Marilyn Lerch 
Scott as chair-elect to fill a vacancy 
created by the resignation of Judy 
Mills Reimer. New ABC board mem- 
bers elected to a three-year term 
were Connie Burk Davis. Ralph 
McFadden, Sue Moore, and Bentley 

lanice Ruhl and Mark Baeverstad 
were confirmed as members of the 
Bethany Theological Seminary board 
of trustees. Donna Ritchey Martin of 
Mt. Morris, III., was elected to the 
officers committee of the Minis 
ters Association. 


August 1998 Messenger 21 


War-weary people gather 
the courage to tell their stories 

Guatemala is one of the most 
beautiful places on God's 
earth. Lush forests, volcanic soils, 
monuments to ancient civilizations. 
Gracious and generous people 
dressed in every color of the rain- 
bow. Yet there has been no pot of 
gold at the end of this rainbow in 
recent years; for the past three and a 
half decades a brutal civil war has 
drained the colors of life from this 
Central American nation. 

The numbers themselves command 
our attention: over these past 3 5 
years there were 1 50,000 killed, 
another 50,000 disappeared, 
200,000 orphans, 40,000 widows, 1 
million refugees — and all this in a 

country about the size of Virginia 
with a total population of only 6 mil- 
lion people. The victims of this 
violence were mostly poor, mostly 
rural, mostly indigenous — although 
beyond that the destruction was 
coldly impartial. 

Children were killed along with 
their parents, sometimes wrenched 
from their mothers' wombs. In half 
of the over 400 recorded massacres, 
women as well as men were killed. 
Men were forced to watch their wives 
being violated by groups of soldiers. 
Ninety percent of the victims were 
civilians, belonging neither to the 
government nor guerilla forces. 
Everyone cowered under a pale of 
fear. Afraid to see, afraid to talk, 

Photos and story by 
David Radcliff 

afraid to know, afraid to live. 

One priest told our group a story 
to illustrate the curtain of fear that 
hung over many communities. In a 
certain community, a man had been 
murdered. The priest only knew 
about this from cryptic comments 
made by villagers. "You see," the 
priest explained, "no one wanted to 
admit that they knew anything about 
this. Even though it would have been 
common knowledge that the para- 
military forces were responsible, the 
people were afraid that they would be 
blamed for the killing." 

Einally someone indicated that per- 
haps the lake near the village could be 
the site of the crime. The priest spent 
all of the next morning searching for 

22 Messenger August 1998 

the body. After combing 
the lake shore for hours, a 
man came by driving his 
cattle. "Pastor, do you 
have anything for fear," 
he asked, as one would 
ask for a dose of medi- 
cine. By his ashen 
appearance and shaken 
manner, the priest sus- 
pected he had stumbled 
upon the body. He 
retraced the tracks of the 
cattle until he came to a 
wooded area, just in time 
to see a small dog come 
out of the forest carrying a 
human arm in its mouth. 

How does a nation 
overcome such a legacy? 
Even after the signing of 
an historic peace accord 
in September 1996, the 
fear — and the accompa- 
nying silence — remained. 
This was in part due to 
the fact that many of the 
conditions that gave rise 
to the conflict still 
remain. "The social and 
economic problems that 
provoked the contlict in 
the past — the poverty, the 
lack of land, the oppres- 
sion of indigenous people 
and women — are still pre- 
sent, and getting worse," 
according to Guatemalan 
human rights advocate 
Frank LaRue. "And there 
is the feeling that the mil- 
itary can make a move 
and set us back 20 years. 
The past can happen 
again. That is why 
REMHI is so important." 

Indeed. REMHI was 
why I had come to 
Guatemala in April along 
with a dozen other US 
church representatives. 
The Recuperation of His- 
toric Memory project 
(REMHI is the Spanish 
acronym) was an attempt 
sponsored by the Catholic 
church to both deal with 

Families living in the village ofNuevo Mexico, a 
sister community in the Church of the Brethren's 
Guatemalan Accompaniment program, each liave 
their ozim REMHI-like stories. Translation and 
comments are provided by Melinda Van Slyke, 
Brethren-supported "accompanier." Melinda will 
finish her one-year stay in Nuevo Mexico this fall. 


"We lived in tine Ixcan region when the repression 
started. They burned our house — they burned every- 
thing we had. With machetes they cut down our 
trees. First we went into the jungle, because we didn't 
want to die. We were just lil<e animals. The arnny 
would come at night and kill anyone they saw. And so 
we left for Mexico. We walked for 22 days. Along the 
way, we ate anything we could find — weeds, leaves. 
And now we're here, and they want each family to 
pay a huge sum for this land. It hasn't rained for 
months, we can't plant, and we're running out of 
food. The government built us a basketball court. Can 
we eat a basketball court?! It was a completely ridicu- 
lous project. I have a very painful abscessed tooth, but 
I cannot afford treatment. Before, we were caught 
between the army and the guerillas; now it's the rob- 
bers. The former soldiers and guerillas are now the 
bandits. Who knows what we're going to do? It's very 

the past by giving people 
the opportunity to speak 
of what they had seen, 
heard, and experienced, 
and to build for the 
future, by taking a step 
toward national reconcil- 
iation. In order to move 
into a more peaceful 
future, the trauma of the 
past needed to be recog- 
nized and addressed. 
REMHI was to be pre- 
sented on Friday, April 
24 to the nation at a spe- 
cial ceremony in the 
cathedral in Guatemala 
City, an event our delega- 
tion had been invited to 

Indeed the people 
spoke, for the first time in 
decades. Over 6,500 
people came forward over 
the course of two years to 
tell their personal and 
community horror stories. 
These testimonies were 
collected by some 600 
"animators" — common 
people trained to inter- 
view their neighbors. The 
results bore out what 
everyone had suspected. 
While there were atroci- 
ties committed by every 
party to the conflict, the 
vast majority, over 80 
percent, were carried out 
by government forces. 
Here is case #5 1 64, 
San Cristobal Verapaz, 
Aha Verapaz, 1982: 

Without asking any 
questions, the soldiers tied 
up everyone inside the 
house. They poured gaso- 
line on tlie house and set 
it on fire. Everyone inside 
died in the fire, including 
a two-year-old child. My 
jnother. sister, and 
brother-in-law died along 
with their three children. 

The purpose of REMHI 
was not to make accusa- 
tions or to be 

August 1998 Messenger 23 

confrontational. This was 
evident at the April 25 
presentation. "Speaker 
after speaker stressed the 
pastoral focus of the 
work, primarily the idea 
that speaking the truth 
was necessary lor the 
mental health, healing, 
and reconciliation of the 
country," noted longtime 
Guatemala activist Kathy 
Ogle, of the US-based 
Ecumenical Program on 
Central America and the 

The speaker that after- 
noon who garnered the 
most robust applause was 
bishop |uan Gerardi. 
Although he had just 
recently been in charge of 
the REMHI project, Ger- 
ardi had once been bishop 
of the Quiche region, the 
area in which the repres- 
sion had been the most 
severe. At one point in the 
early 1980s, he had to 
close down his parish due 
to the assassination of so 
many priests. Threats 
were made on his own 
life, sending him into exile 
for several years. 

I first met the bishop 
soon after that period, a 
large man with dark hair 
and sharp features, during 
a visit to Guatemala in 
1986. His hair has grayed 
over the years, but his 
commitment to Guatemala's margin- 
alized people and to living out the 
gospel in this difficult situation has 
not lessened. 

When asked recently if he had for- 
given the military officials who 
slaughtered the pastors of his parish 
and tried to kill him, Gerardi easily 
and confidently answered, "Yes." He 
quickly added, "It's difficult, I know. 
Forgiving doesn't mean forgetting the 
monstrosities of that time. But if God 
forgives someone, then that person 
has to forgive others, although at 


"My two brothers and my wife's mother were killed in 
massacres by the army. Once when my wife was walking 
with her father to the fields, the soldiers stopped them. 
'Why do you have all these tortillas? Are you feeding the 
guerillas?' Of course they were only for them to eat for 
lunch that day, but the soldiers didn't believe them. We 
eventually had to flee to Mexico. And after all these years 
we have returned, and to the government, the peace 
accords are just paper. They don't follow them. Condi- 
tions are worse than they were before; they provided us 
with this land, but now want to make us pay over 080 
million (over $1 million) for it, and there is no way for us 
to raise the money to pay for it." 

times we remember and that memory 
makes us angry." 

During his speech on April 24, Ger- 
ardi said, "We want to contribute to 
the building of a country different 
from the one we have now. For that 
reason we are recovering the memory 
of our people. This path has been and 
continues to be full of risks, but the 
construction of the reign of God has 
risks and can only be built by those 
who have the strength to confront 
those risks." 

On April 26, two days after I saw 
him last, Gerardi lay dead in the 

garage of his home, slain 
by an assailant wielding a 
cement block. While no 
one has yet been convicted 
of the assassination, most 
suspect it was carried out 
by the same elements 
whose identity had begun 
to be unmasked by 
REMHI. So used to acting 
under the cover of fear- 
induced darkness in 
carrying out their dirty 
deeds, these same forces 
would likely strike back 
when suddenly exposed to 
the light of day. And what 
better target than Gerardi? 
Strike the shepherd, 
silence the lambs. 

Other acts of intimida- 
tion were unleashed in the 
weeks following REMHI, 
including death threats 
delivered and carried out. 
Indeed, many of the people 
with whom our group had 
met had expressed concern 
over the tenuous state of 
the nation in the wake of 
the peace accords, even as 
they rejoiced at the new 
"space" to speak up and 
speak out. 

But perhaps it is too late 
for even a heinous act like 
the murder of the bishop 
to carry the weight it might 
have only several years 
ago. Due both to REMHI 
and to newfound political 
openness, the lid of repres- 
sion is not so firmly in place anymore. 
Once rolled away from the tomb, per- 
haps the stone of silence and fear will 
not be rolled back. For the first time 
in decades the voices of countless 
Guatemalans have been heard, and 
their painful yet healing words are 
there for all to see in REMHI — black 
and white and red all over. 

Many challenges for Guatemalans 
remain. Indigenous people still need 
respect for their rights and access to 
land. Women, thousands of whom 
must now head their families in the 

24 Messenger August 1998 

absence of murdered hus- 
bands, need to be assured 
of equal treatment and 
full respect. A judicial 
system used to offering 
impunity must instead 
present impartiality. In a 
nation where annual per 
capita health care expen- 
ditures are under $10 and 
many live in abject 
poverty, means must be 
found to improve the lives 
of Guatemala's citizens. 
The military and eco- 
nomic structures that 
often ruled by force in the 
past are still in evidence, 
and they must be put in 
their proper place in 
national life. 

The United States has 
at best a checkered past 
in Guatemala. Indeed, the 
Deginning of the trauma 
of the past decades can 
oe traced to a US-orches- 
trated overthrow of the 
sleeted Guatemalan gov- 
ernment in 1954. Since 
then, the US has often 
overlooked gross govern- 
mental misconduct in 
deference to having a 
'strategic partner" in a 
k'olatile region. We must 
now encourage our gov- 
ernment to use its 
influence to foster peace 
and justice in Guatemala, 
including a thorough 
investigation of the death 
of Bishop Gerardi. 

As a church, we must 
:ontinue to stand along- 
side the people of 
Guatemala as they face 
the truth of their past, 
and seek a peace for 
tomorrow. The Partners 
in Accompaniment pro- 
gram, connecting 
Brethren congregations 
with Guatemalan com- 
munities of returned 
refugees, gives a sense of 


"I am not sure where I was born. My grandparents fled 
Guatemala because soldiers frequented their area. They 
threatened to tal<e their daughters away as wives and 
their sons off to the army. So my family lived for many 
years in Mexico. Now that we are back, things are still 
difficult. We live in this community, but do not own land. 
So we have no say in community decisions. We are like 
refugees in a community of refugees. School for my 
daughter will cost about $6.50 a year after this year. This 
will make it difficult to keep her enrolled. It is very impor- 
tant for my daughters to go to school — otherwise they 
will have little choice about how to earn money; all they 
can do is to be a domestic worker. I only completed the 
third grade. I was married when I was 14. I made the 
choice for myself. I thought marrying my husband would 
change my life. It didn't. My husband is very hard on me. 
He will not let me teach the children my native language, 
Cankobal. I have thought about leaving a thousand 
times, but cannot because of the children." 

[Melinda Van Siyke: "He beats her — and not just push- 
ing her around — he really hits her — at least once a 
month. And once she came home to find him with her 
best friend. She came running to my house crying."] 

solidarity and provides 
protection of human 
rights. Visiting Brethren 
delegations sponsored by 
the Brethren Witness and 
Global Mission Partner- 
ships offices will continue 
to let Guatemalans know 
that they are not forgot- 
ten, and will help us 
understand the strength 
as well as the struggles of 
these neighbors. And the 
denomination is currently 
seeking opportunities to 
support small-scale devel- 
opment initiatives like 
those being carried out by 
Brethren Volunteer Ser- 
vice worker Tom 
Benevento in the impover- 
ished northeast corner of 
the country. 

As Bishop Gerardi said 
not long before his death, 
"Many have blamed the 
church for pointing out 
the abuses of the past 
because we're the ones 
putting our finger into the 
wound. We didn't create 
the problems, we've only 
shed light on them, and 
that's what bothers some 
people. The church is 
called to reconcile per- 
sons. Sure, it's a difficult 
task, but it's a very appro- 
priate task for the church. 
And if the church doesn't 
do it, no one will." 

Guatemala — a trou- 
bled nation experiencing 
both the peril and the 
promise of trying to 
reclaim its future by 
recalling its past. Our 
prayers, our presence, 
and our compassion go 
with these neighbors in 
their risky journey to 
a better day. 


David RaJcUff is director of 
the Brethren Witness office of the 
General Board staff. 

August 1998 Messenger 25 


Baptism is a matter of death and life 

New Covenant Church of the Brethren, Gotha, Fla.. celebrated a baptism on Christmas Day, 1997. The first Brethren 
baptismal service in America was on Cliristmas Day, 1 725. 

BY Kenneth L. Gibble 


^m our baptism. What does it 

H mean to you? 

My own baptism means more to 
me the older I get. I value it now far 
more than when as a boy I walked 
down the steps of the baptistry in the 
East Fairview Church of the Brethren 
and one of our ministers, Willis 
Stehman, immersed me three times 
in the name of the Father, the Son, 
and the Holy Spirit. 

There is a sense in which every 
Christian spends the rest of his or 
her life discovering what their bap- 
tism signifies. 

1 like what William Willimon has 
said about baptism: "When you join 
the Rotary they give you a handshake 
and a lapel pin. When you join the 

church we throw you in the water 
and half drown you." Let's face it, if 
somebody who didn't know anything 
about the Christian faith ever walked 
into our church when we were bap- 
tizing someone, they would think we 
were all crazy. And really, the whole 
thing is kind of crazy, isn't it? — 
pushing a person's head under water 
three times so they come out soaking 
wet, hair all mussed up. It's not a 
very reasonable, sensible thing to do 
to someone, is it? 

It's more than that. It's dangerous. 
Baptism is a dangerous dunking 
indeed. Why do I say that? 

It's dangerous because it's a kind of 
dying. Here's how the Apostle Paul 
described it in Romans: "Do you not 
know that all of us who have been 
baptized into jesus Christ were bap- 
tized into his death?" (Rom. 6:3). 

"Baptized into his death." What 
did Paul mean by that? I'm not sure, 
but I think Paul was referring to the 
fact that baptism signifies dying to 
our old, self-centered, sinful nature. 
It means putting to death the attitude 
of "I've gotta be me" and "I did it my 
way." That attitude is quite popular 
these days. It insists that what I think 
is right and worthwhile and impor- 
tant is the only thing that counts. It 
declares, "Nobody can tell me what 
to do." It is the voice of American 

Baptism is dangerous because it 
means the death of that way of think- 
ing. When you are baptized, doing it 
your way is replaced by doing it 
lesus' way. And that can get you into 
trouble. The way of Jesus is the way 
of the cross. Baptism never lets you 
forget that. Baptism means that your 

26 Messenger August 1998 

life is no longer your own: now it 
belongs to the Lord. 

Baptism is a dangerous dunking in 
another way. Baptism means you are 
adopted into the craziest family you 
can imagine. Now every family is 
crazy in its own way, 1 suppose. 
There is the colorful uncle who 
always shows up at the family gath- 
erings with a new car and a new 
girlfriend. There is the little brother 
who is such a pest. Maybe there is 
the mother who drives everyone nuts 
with her perfectionism, the father 
who still hasn't learned how to say "I 
love you" to his kids. 

But the family you are adopted into 
when you are baptized is even cra- 
zier. It's the kind of family only God 
could love. In this family there are 
holy rollers and Pentecostal shouters 
and there are monastics who take 
vows of silence. There are Bible- 
thumping fundamentalists and there 
are left-wing liberals. In this world- 
wide family there are people who 
speak a multitude of languages, who 
dress for church in everything from 
priestly robes to African dashikis to 
cut-off shorts. 

There are Democrats and Republi- 
cans. There are black people and 
white people and people of every 
shade in between. There are people 
who believe abortion is a mortal sin 
and people who believe it is a matter 
of choice. There are gay people and 
straight people. There are people 
who make a career out of military 
service and there are people who 
would rather go to jail than wear a 
military uniform. There are people 
who will tell you they know with 
absolute certainty when the Lord will 
return, and there are people who will 
tell you they don't have a clue. There 
are people in this family you probably 
couldn't stand to be in the same 
room with for more than five min- 

But like them or not, agree with 
them or not, this is the family you 
become part of when you are baptized. 
We call it the church. And it's not our 
church. It's the Lord's church. He 
gave his life for it and He loves it. He 
loves each one in it. loves me and loves 
you and loves the craziest member of 
it. Paul said it this way: 

In Christ Jesus you are all children of 
God through faith. As many of you 
were baptized into Christ have 
clothed yourselves with Christ. There 
is no longer Jew or GreeJi. there is no 
longer slave or free, there is no longer 
male and female: for all of you are 
one in Christ Jesus. (Gal. 3:26-28.) 

You see now why I say baptism is a 
dangerous dunking. It means you are 
part of this family, the church, this 
worldwide conglomeration of baptized 
people known as the body of Christ. 

There's another way baptism is 
dangerous. It's dangerous because it 
marks you for life. Like all the rest of 
it. this is God's doing. It's a mystery 
I don't pretend to understand. But I 
believe it with all my heart — that 
when you are baptized, you are 
changed forever, you will never be 
the same. 

Some people who are baptized drop 
out of church life. I think I understand 
why that happens. They get busy with 
other things. Maybe something that 
happens in the church offends them or 
turns them off. Maybe circumstances 
in their life make them feel ashamed 
or guilty. And so they gradually stop 
attending worship. And after awhile, 
they just don't feel part of the church 

Does that mean they are "lost"? In 
one sense it does. They are lost to 
the rest of us because we no longer 
have the benefit of their ideas, their 
questions, their tears and laughter. 
We no longer can see their faces, 
shake their hands. It is our loss — 
and their loss too because they no 
longer have the benefit of our ideas 
and questions, our tears, our laugh- 
ter. And because of this lostness, we 
want them back. We pray for their 
return and their recommitment. 

But are they lost to God? I don't 
know that. But I do know this — that 
there is One who is constantly 
watching for them, like a father wait- 
ing for his prodigal son. There is 
One who is seeking them, like a 
shepherd who leaves the 99 and goes 
searching for the lost sheep. 

It's dangerous to be baptized 
because for the rest of your life you 
will never be able to get away from 
the Holy One who has named you 
and claimed vou, the Lord to whom 

you belong. The Lord of life will 
suffer any pain, any indignity for 
you, no matter where you go or what 
you do. 

When I was a youngster, the bap- 
tisms of our church were held in the 
creek that ran near our house. One 
Sunday when several people were 
baptized, everything went fine until it 
was the turn of one teenage girl to 
enter the stream. She was terrified of 
the swiftly flowing current, and the 
minister had to gently coax her to go 
with him and to kneel down in the 
water. After doing his best to reas- 
sure her, he pushed her head under 
the surface for the first time. She 
came up out of the water with a 
shout of terror and headed for the 
bank. No amount of coaxing could 
get her back for the second and third 
dunks. It was kind of funny, really, 
but nobody laughed. And the impres- 
sion it made on me at that tender age 
was that getting baptized is a dan- 
gerous business. 

Nothing I have seen or heard since 
then has made me change my mind. 

So, if baptism is this scary, this 
dangerous, why would anyone want 
to be baptized? The answer is: 
because it's the best thing you can 
ever do. You give yourself to the 
Lord and the Lord gives you new 
life. Remember what Paul said about 
being baptized into the death of 
lesus? Well, this is the very next 
thing Paul wrote: 

Therefore we have been buried with 
him by baptism into death so that, just 
as Christ was raised from the dead by 
the glory of the Father, so we too might 
walk in newness of life. (Rom. 6:4.) 

There's the answer: new life. When 
you come out of the water, you are 
new and clean. You are changed for- 
ever, by the grace of God. You are no 
longer your own man or woman, boy 
or girl. And that is why I say to each 
person as 1 help them get to their feet 
after their baptism: "Now you belong 
to lesus. " 

There is nothing better, no oner 
better, to belong to. 


Ken Gibble is pastur of the Chaiiibersburg 
(Pa.) Cinirch of the Brethren and a frequent 
contributor to Messenger 

August 1998 Messenger 27 


When we least expect it^ God can turn us around like he did Zacchaeus 

BY DuANE Grady 

Zacchaeus was a wee little man 
A wee little man was he. 
He climbed up in a sycamore tree 
For the Lord he wanted to see. 

rhus went one of the earliest the- 
ological lessons 1 can 
remember, sung to a catchy 
tune. At the time 1 had no idea 1 was 
being taught theology, nor did 1 
much understand the kind of trans- 
formation which is at the heart of 
this story told in Luke 19:1-10. 

As children we were told that Zac- 
chaeus, who was short of stature, 
could teach us something about 
lesus' way with the "little people" of 
the world. This lesson remains a 
good one as we strive to find our 
place in a world with big problems 
and weighty concerns. 

When Zacchaeus climbed into that 
sycamore tree, he intended to catch a 
glimpse of lesus. He had an outward 
focus, lesus, however, changes the 
location of Zacchaeus' interest and 
leads him to look at himself. A key 
lesson for us today: where you look 
for change makes all the difference. 

The story of Zacchaeus is about 
transformation. Zacchaeus, the chief 
tax collector in the town of Jericho, 
is rich in possessions and poor in 
spirit. Something sparked an interest 
in him to see |esus. Intending to be a 
spectator, Zacchaeus chooses a safe 
and secure perch in a sycamore tree 
far from the crowd and unlikely to be 
noticed by the prophet passing by. 
lesus not only notices but declares, 
"1 must stay at your house today." 
lesus in this simple sentence bridges 
the gap of culture, religion, and 
custom and begins the process by 
which Zacchaeus is transformed 
from a tax collector, one who takes 
from others, into a generous follower 
who gives to others. 

28 Messenckr August 1998 

The most important need in our 
churches today is for transformation. 
Too often when we talk about change 
we are content to tinker. Maybe we 
will change the place in our worship 
where the offering is collected. More 
radical churches might consider 
learning a new hymn or two. And 
there is the standard answer to all 
our problems — changing pastors. 

In the Zacchaeus story, |esus calls 
us to a transformation of our spirit. 
This call will stimulate real changes 
of the heart so that the lives we lead 
and the way we act in the world will 
be distinctively different from what 
we have known. 

Does this sound frightening? 
Intimidating? Is it beyond your 
reach? Good. The Zacchaeus story 
will remind us that it is |csus who 
does the changing. All Zacchaeus has 
to do is accept it and move into the 
new life that Christ has opened up as 

From my experience as a pastor of 
the Northview congregation in Indi- 
anapolis, let me share two 
transforming experiences. One 
Mother's Day during our worship 
service's "time for children" I asked 
each of the children to bring with 
them a mother from the congrega- 
tion, not necessarily their own 
mother. Among our children that day 
were several whose real mothers 
never came with them to worship. 
These children walked to church 
from our immediate neighborhood 
and their behavior had been experi- 
enced as a challenge during both 
worship and Sunday school. 

One Sunday school teacher had men- 
tioned earlier that she was growing 
weary of the difficulties in maintaining 
order in her class and was not sure she 
wanted to continue teaching. 

And then something changed with 
subtle awesomeness. One of our 
neighborhood children chose to 

bring her Sunday school teacher for- 
ward. I will never forget the power of 
seeing that little girl leading her 
teacher by the hand for the children's 
time. Nor will I forget witnessing the 
transformation happening within the 
teacher who suddenly saw her role 
no longer limited to that of a teacher. 
Now she was "mother." 

About this same time, our church 
provided a transforming moment in 
our ministry with our neighborhood. 
Years ago the church's back parking 
lot had developed into a gathering 
place for unpleasant activities. To 
prevent cars from driving onto the 
back parking lot which lies behind 
our church, a locked cable was 
strung across the driveway. This bar- 
rier allowed the lot to become a safer 
place to play and ride bikes. So it 
changed the kind of activity which 
happened there. A sign was posted 
which read "Private Property." 

Was this sign the message we 
wanted to send? After several years, a 
new idea came to one of our neigh- 
bors. The old sign was replaced with a 
new one reading "Children Playing." 
A transformed message sent a very 
different signal. Now the purpose of 
the barrier has less to say about keep- 
ing others out and more about being a 
nurturing, caring place of safety. The 
distinction has not been lost on our 
neighbors nor on us. 

If we wish to become more com- 
plete disciples of lesus as our church 
enters a new century, we will need 
transforming experiences. These will 
come when we, like Zacchaeus, 
earnestly seek to see lesus and then 
bid welcome when the Christ desires 
to enter our lives and change our 
hearts. The power is great. The ■ /* 
potential is unlimited. I ' 

DiiaiK' Grady \forks part time tritli tite Con- 
gregational Life Team in Area 2 and is 
co-pastor of the Nortliview eongregation in 
Indianapolis, where he has been since 1989. 


The very idea of needing to recruit two teachers 
for every class was horrifying initially. . . 

Here's what happened to 
Sunday school 

In response to Eugene Lichty's arti- 
cle, "Whatever happened to Sunday 
school?" [see June Messenger], I 
would advise that it is alive and well 

and living in Glendale, Ariz. 

A few years ago our congregation 
faced a dilemma similar to that of 
many of our sister churches around 
this country — slowly declining mem- 
bership, especially among young 
families and children. We routinely 


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struggled with finding volunteers will- 
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gregation almost void of youngsters. 

Then something happened. From 
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call. The insurance company cover- 
ing us for our liability insurance sent 
some information about managing 
our risk in terms of children's pro- 
gramming. The company proposed a 
"two-adult" rule in any church- 
related children's activity. The very 
idea of needing to recruit two teach- 
ers for every class was horrifying 
initially, and we imagined that it 
might be the end of our program, for 
if we struggled finding one teacher, 
how would we find two? 

This spawned our brainchild, 
which was to have two-teacher 
teams, which teach Sunday school 
on an every-othcr-month rotation. 
This limited any one person's level of 
commitment to one month at a time, 
which was manageable and increased 
our children's exposure to adults in 
their faith community. The concept 
took off. In the beginning, however, 
I answered a lot of questions from 
Brethren Press as I called to order 
"four teacher's guides and two stu- 
dent packs." Our student pack 
orders currently outnumber our 
teacher's guides! 

The team teaching has built 
bridges in our congregation and our 
children feel valued and blessed by 
personal relationships with so many 
in their faith community. With aver- 
age church attendance of about 1 00, 
we currently have 22 church mem- 
bers who teach Sunday school! 

Our average of 30 or so children 
who now attend Sunday school 
weekly can be heard bounding down 
our hallways singing the latest song 
from the Noah Cantata or reciting 
the books of the Old Testament. We 
feel blessed indeed! 

Debru L. Meirifield 
Siiiiduy school siiperinlendeni 

Glendale (Ariz.) Cluirch of the Brethren 

August 1998 Messencir 29 

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30 Messenger August 1998 

New members 

Barren Ridge, Staunton, Va.: Travis 
Movers, Melissa Moyers. Billy Duff, 
Dorcus Duff, Holly Duff, lenny 
Duff. Chris Coffman, larrod Coff- 
man, Bobbie Packard 

Big Creek, Cushing, Okla.: Rosalea Cox 

Bush Creek, Monrovia, Md.: Mindee 
Brashear, Ron Brashear, Becky Burke, 
Doris Flynn, loshua Flynn, William 
Goode, lacqueline Goode, Britnie 
Greene. Michelle Hartley, fames 
Lehman, Curtis Keeney. Lisa Keeney, 
Carol Poole, lennifer Shea, Nancy 
Shea, Sandy Shea, Donna Ward 

Champaign, 111.: Robin Trudeau 

Elizabelhtown, Pa.: Laura Barlet. Adri- 
enne Keesey. Megan Baum, Amanda 
Bunting, Erin Bunting, Joshua 
Bunting, Anna Eller, Jessica Hoover, 
loseph Bedenbaugh, loshua Day, 
Laura Viscome, Miranda Sweigart, 
Philip Rhodes, Ryan Corso, Shelby 
White, lesse Eisenbise, Brian Helm, 
lonathan Young, lennifer Baum, 
Gregg Epps, Pete Fox, Melissa 
Musser, Dean and Megan Sweigart, 
Cindy Tschudy. Heidi and Heather 
Tschudy, Dorothy White, lodi Yountz. 
loseph and Becky Zateski. Pat and 
Terri Dennehy. Gene and Barbara 
Ellis. Carol Tobias. Scott and Richelle 
Trayer. Paul and Marie Williams, Paul 
and Dorothy Worman, Donna Weaver. 
Mike Mast. Martha and lere Bunting. 
Bill and Susan McSherry. Bob and 
Svlvia Lightner, Louise Pippin. Ryan 

Harrisonburg, Va.: Sarah Carothers. 
Kali Dove. Crystal Lantz. leannie 
Loker. Melissa Martz. Daniel 
Mason. Chad Rhodes. Kristin 
Ruscher. Dawn Lokey. Chandra 
Mitchell. Steve Spart. Rebecca 
Bowser. Timothy Coffman. Daniel 
Garst. lanna Morris, lohn B. Neff. 
Mary-lo Ritchie. Caite White- Kohl. 
Michael and Lori King. Ed and Edie 
Pritt. Dick and Peg Rainbolt. Karen 
Moyers. Allen and Kathy Shull. 
Laura Stemper. Lauren Somers. 
Elaine Taylor. Ray and Eleanor 
Flanagan, lim and Phyllis Pickett 

Huntsdale, Carlisle, Pa.: Winnie Beam, 
lennifer Wright. Beatrice Miller. 
Carol lones. William lones 

Lampeter, Pa.: Charlene Book. April 
Brackbill. Lindsey Koch. Kelli Rath, 
lay Lance. |ared Spence. |ason 
Spence. lustin Feeney. Adrie Fry. 
Kelly Hockenbroacht. |amie Peflley. 
Nichole Peffley. Benjamin Thomas. 
David and Carol Work. Matthew and 
Marie Cooper 

Linville Creek, Broadway, Va.: Valerie 
Fleming. Ron Gentry. Michele and 
Tim Reger. )anet Smallwood, Tracey 
Wooddell. Clair and Phyllis Cheuvront. 
Harold and lune Fleming. Cameron 

Meyerslown, Pa.: Betty Williard. 
Ashley Hoover. Sara Hibshman. 
Chad Shelly. Kevin Foster 

Modesto, Calif.: Muriel Alexander. |im 
Costello. Patty Geer. Ila Shelor 

Monroeville, Pa.: lennifer loy Hernley. 
Meredith Ritchey 

New Enterpise, Pa.: lohn and Annabell 
Frazier. Cathy lo Hart. Dennis 
Brumbaugh. Linda Brumbaugh. 
Alisha Brumbaugh. Roger and 
Sherry Wright. Dylan and Britta 
Snowberger. Bill and Carol Robin- 
son. Sam Spice 

Northern Colorado, Windsor. Colo.; 
Ann and Fred Norton 

Peoria, 111.: Cathy Gilbert, lonathan 
Grabb, Lisa lohnston. Wendy Math- 
eny. leremiah Smith. Timothy Van 
Autreve. Austin Giles. Greg lohn- 
ston. lustin Matheny. Lindsay 
Nelson, loseph Smith 

Prince of Peace, Kettering. Ohio: Bar- 
bara Marshall. Elizabeth Reiter 

Ridgeway Community, Harrisburg. 
Pa.: Matthew Dotter. Ashley Hanna. 
Amanda Horoschak. Elizabeth 
Humphreys. Stephanie Rowe 

Stevens Hill Community, Elizabeth- 
town. Pa.: Tim Bryan. Carl and 
Michelle Davis. Duane Smith. Bill 
Sturn. Zachary Sturn. Brad White- 
man. Shelley Smith. Cindy Sturn. 
Dennis and Audean Bryan. Leara 
Kline. Brooke Robertson. Linda 

Sugar Creek West, Lima, Ohio: 
Rhonda Swallow. Delores Vice. 
.Angela Thomas 

Woodbury, Pa.: Michelle Whetstone. 
Michael Whetstone 


Brill, Betty and Norm. Dayton. Ohio. 55 
Fisher, Bryant and Margaret. Monrovia. 

Md.. 50 
Fleming, Walter and Betty. Monrovia. 

Md,, 50 
Helsel, Walter Ir. and Martha, 

Lancaster. Pa.. 50 
Peterman, Kenneth and Louise, 

Harrisburg, Pa.. 50 
Robinson, Paul and Mary. Sebring. 

Fla,. 60 
Shumaker, Thomas and Alah Mae. 

Burlington. W. Va.. 55 


Alger, Edna Henry. 71. Front Royal, 

Va.. March 15 ' 
Alt, Ottis R. 59. Petersburg. W. Va.. 

April 3 
Ballard, Wilbur, 79. Dayton. Ohio. 

Feb. 1 I 
Barnhouse, limmie. 60. Mathias. 

W. Va.. April 8 
Beahm, Henry E.. 93. Roanoke. Va.. 

April 1 
Benson, Talitha C. 82. Staunton. Va.. 

April 2 
Biegel, Beverly B.. 74. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. March 30 
Bloom, Geneva, Elkhart, Ind., May 23 
Bollinger, Blance A.. 78, New Oxford. 

Pa.. May 7 
Bowman, Clarence R.. 94. Bridgewa- 

ter. Va.. April 19 
Brantner, Eva. 89, Keyser. W Va.. May 21 
Brown, loshua F.. 90. Wyndmoor, Pa.. 

May 29 
Butzler, loanne V. 61. Bridgewater. 

Va.. April 1 5 
Carper, Raymond A.. 79. Fitzgerald. 

Ga.. March 29 
Cave, Bessie L.. 86. Luray. Va., March 50 
Clark, Mildred, 89, Grottoes, Va.. May 12 
Cooper, Marv. 93. North Manchester, 

Ind., Oct.'ig 
Daniel, Gazel, 81 . Cushing, Okla.. 

May 29 
Danner, Marianna. Astoria, ill.. Dec. 28 
Davis, Oliver 1. "Dick". 77. Harrison- 
burg, Va.. March 23 
Delawder, William H., 85. Moorefield. 

W. Va.. March 24 
Diehl, Russell 1.. 83. Mount Crawford. 

Va.. April 28 
Dove, Dennis Dow. 81. Baker. W. Va.. 

March 1 7 
Dove. William Howard. 89. Fulks Run. 

Va.. March 16 
Fellon, Elsie Florene. 88. Rowlesburg. 

W. Va.. Dec. 30 
Pike, Clarence B.. 93. Sebring. Fla.. 

May 28 
Ford, Maude E.. 95. Oakton. Va.. April 29 
Fyock, Nellie. 80. Penn Run. Pa.. 

December, 1997 
Garber, Willie P. 87. Timberville. Va.. 

Mav 27 
Griffith, Elbert E.. 74. Linville. Va.. 

May 1 5 
Grore, Vivian, 77, Elkhart, Ind.. Dec. 16 
Hearn, Cloyd A.. 79. Dover. Pa.. |une 5 
Herbst, Fred H. Sr.. 89. York Pa., lune 9 
Hoffeditz, Beulah V, 94. Bridgewater. 

Va.. March 8 
Hoover, Nora E.. 85, York. Pa.. May 1 7 
Hurst, Wilmer. R.. 67. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. May 24 
Hylton, Ena 1.. 90. Roanoke. Va.. April 23 
loseph. Pearl E.. 71. Front Royal. Va.. 

March 29 
Keller, Annie Ruth, 89. Mount lackson. 

Va.. April 6 
Kuykendall, Anielda. 87. Fort Seybert. 

W. Va.. March 30 
Laughman, Harold E.. New Oxford. 

Pa.. lune 6 
Laughman, Ruth M.. 90, Glen Rock. 

Pa,, lune 7 
Ledine, Clifford. 86. Dixon. 111., lune 22 
tiller, Sarah Elizabeth, 87, Keyser, 

W. Va.. Dec. 1 5 
Ludwick, Georgia M.. 97. Keyser. 

W. Va.. Ian. 1 3 
Markey, Harry T. 65, York County. 

Pa. ."May 20 
Mauck, Cleve Sr.. 75. Woodstock. Va.. 

March 27 
Moyers, Conley |.. 78. Franklin. W. Va.. 

.April 18 
Moyers, lames W. . 86. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. lune 9 
Myers, Berniece Miller, 94. 

Harrisonburg. Va.. March 7 
Myers, Lucinda M.. 93, East Berlin. 

Pa., lune 1 
Ness, Odessa D.. 53. York, Pa.. April 10 
Ours, Mary 1 .. 64. Fisher, W. Va., 

.March 1 1 
Patton, lohn L. (Larry). 64, 

Winchester. Va.. May 7 
Pennybacker, luanita Swecker. 81. 

Blue Grass. Va., March 10 
Pickett, Nina Sue. Winston-Salem. 

N, C. 48. March 20 
Plaugher, lohn Paul. 77. Bridgewater. 

Va.. March 16 
Fletcher, Sarah. 69. Elkhart. Ind.. 

March 13 
Propst, Roberta P.. 67. Franklin. 

W. Va., May 2 
Rensberger, Annamae. 60. Pomona. 

Calif.. May 26 
Rhodes, Nelson L.. 70. Dayton. Va.. 

May 1 1 
Rice, John. 94. Penn Run. Pa.. May 10 
Robinson, Wilson W.. 78. 

i4arrisonburg. Va.. lune 9 
Sandridge, Dennis. 67. Bridgewater. 

Va.. April 2 
Secrisi, Waldo R. 72. Broadway. Va.. 

April 17 
Seveir, Wilbur James. 92. Franklin. 

W. Va., March 1 1 

Shearer, Clara. New Oxford. Pa., April 30 
Shiflett, Elmer Thomas. 96. 

Charlottesville. Va.. May 24 
Shull, Ralph H., 84. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. May 14 
Simmons, Hattie H.. 94. Bridgewater, 

Va.. April 1 5 
Simmons, Lucille Swilzer Wise. 92. 

Staunton. Va.. April 1 
Simmons, Ervin Richard. 77, 

Harrisonburg. Va.. May 12 
Smith, Cecil Hav. 76. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. March 1 l' 
Sowles, Maxine. 79. Elkhart. Ind.. 

May 23 
Spitzer, Reba Phares. 92. Bridgewater. 

Va.. .April 22 
Stead, Peggy. 55, Strasburg. Va.. 

March 25 
Stine, Gladys 1.. 94. Dallas Center. 

Iowa. Feb. 14 
Strawderman, Luther Lee. 79. Dorcas. 

W Va,. April 27 
Stroble, |oan S., 63, Harrisonburg. 

Va.. March 30 
Taylor, A. Wayne. 80. Petersburg, 

W Va.. March 26 
Thompson, Michael D.. 42. .Austin. 

Texas. April 5 
Traughber, Earl E.. 95. Decatur. 111.. 

lune 18 
Trout, Howard L.. 81. York. Pa.. May 5 
Tyler, Elva E.. 92. Keyser. W. Va.. Ian.' 10 
Vance, Elsie M.. 93. Onego. W. Va.. 

April 16 
Via, Lyda. 87. Staunton. Va.. |une 14 
Warner, .Alice L.. 95, Thurmont, Md., 

April 22 


O'Malley, Beth, Columbia United 
Christian Church, Columbia. Md.. 
April 5 


Belcher, Marvin. Nov. 22. Bakersfield, 

Clark, Randv. March 14. Wiley Ford. 

W. Va. 
Hullihen, lames. Ian. 19. Sugar Run. 

Mount Union. Pa. 
Keeling, |. Matthew, Nov. 22. 

Bakersfield. Calif. 
Russel, Charles, Nov. 22. Community, 

Mesa. Ariz. 
Satvedi, Valentina, Ian. 1 7, N. County, 

San Marcos. Calif. 
Sexton, Norma. Nov. 22, Bakersfield, 

Snyder, Ernest M.. |an. 1 7. Tucson. Ariz. 
Sparks, George. Nov. 22. Pomona. Calif. 
Sparks, Sharon. Nov. 22. Pomona. Calif. 
Thomas, Daniel R.. Feb. 22, 

Locust Grove, lohnstown. Pa. 


Carter, leffrey. May 16. Manassas, Va. 
Charlton, Burl. March 14. Tear Coat, 

Augusta. W. Va. 
Combs, Daniel. March 14. Capon 

Chapel. West Marva 
Derr, Fl, Kevin. May 14. Beech Grove. 

Hollansburg. Ohio 
Lambert, Linda, May 16. Thurmont. Md. 
Lehigh, Daniel Grant. April 4. Upper 

Conewago. East Berlin. Pa. 
Nearhoof, Sharon, Feb. 7. 

Spring Mount. Warriors Mark. I'a. 
Snyder, Ernest M.. April 19. Tucson. 

Pacific Southwest 
Weatherholt, Otis "Buzz". March 14, 

Moorefield. West Marva 

August 1998 Me.ssenger 31 

Big tent 

With one of the top items of business a revision of the 
Articles of Incorporation for the Brethren Benefit 
Trust, some may get the impression that this year's Annua! 
Conference was a yawner. One observer commented that 
there was "an almost perplexing level of agreement" on 
business items by the delegate body in Orlando. The good 
professor William Willimon said he'd seen our agenda and 
noticed, "A lot of that business is yesterday's business." 
Former moderator Chuck Boyer, the ever-truthful pastor of 
La Verne (Calif.) Church of the Brethren, said what others 
were thinking when he told a luncheon crowd, "This con- 
ference has bored the Dickens out of me." 

Even so, worship was wonderful, friends were plentiful, 
and the gathering of Brethren Volunteer Service workers 
from around the globe was inspirational. Besides, the Spirit 
is moving behind the scenes. Forces are gathering, relation- 
ships are forming, treasuries are growing, new leaders are 
emerging. This is a time for regrouping; perhaps it is the 
calm before a holy storm. 

Collaboration is beginning. This year Annual Confer- 
ence officially recognized the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers and On Earth Peace Assembly as agencies 
"fully reportable and accountable" to Annual Confer- 
ence, joining the General Board, Bethany Seminary, and 
Brethren Benefit Trust. These agencies have always been 
closely related to the official church, so the significance 
is not so much to change present reality as it is to begin a 
new "model" for the church's future organization. 
Rather than the General Board and its staff being seen as 
the church, the new picture has the Annual Conference 
and its Standing Committee as the central body, with 
other agencies "reporting" to Annual Conference. This 
offers the possibility that Annual Conference could in the 
future bring other groups into its big tent, allowing these 
groups to retain their autonomy while still being firmly 
entrenched as part of the Church of the Brethren. 
Though there are no plans now for adding more groups, 
collaboration offers possibilities for expanding ministry, 
for offering multiple giving options to donors, and for 
keeping us together in times of disagreement. 

Making collaboration work takes work. One difficult 
issue is how congregations should allocate their giving. 
There was some concern that congregations might start 
dividing their denominational giving into thirds, sending 
equal amounts to the General Board, ABC, and OEPA. 
That could spell trouble for the General Board and its $5 
million budget, or a windfall for ABC and OEPA, which 
each spent well under $500,000 last year. The immediate 
goal for the newly recognized organizations was not to 

32 Messenger August 1998 

gain equal funding with the General Board, but to ask 
congregations to "replace" the funding they formerly 
received through the General Board. Last year ABC 
received $1 11, 500 through the General Board ($60,000 
a year continues, from the Behold campaign, through 
2000) and OEPA received $35,000 through the General 
Board, of which $25,000 continues, from the Behold 
campaign, in 1998 and 1999. 

My hunch is that congregations will recognize the rela- 
tive size of the church's organizations and their program 
responsibilities, then fund them accordingly. Ideally, 
congregations won't slice the pie thinner but rather bake 
a bigger pie. The General Board doesn't need less fund- 
ing, but the church's new agencies need more. ABC and 
OEPA represent new opportunities for congregations to 
participate in wider denominational ministries. 

Giving remains solid. As of May 3 1 , congregational 
support of the General Ministries Fund was essentially 
identical to last year, not decreased as expected. Giving 
to the Emergency Disaster Fund was up substantially. 
Global Food Crisis Fund giving was up, and special gifts 
from congregations were nearly double those of this time 
last year. "Overall, the income situation for the most par 
is better than many expected," said Ken Neher, funding 
office director, "and there is room now, though the year 
is far from over, for guarded optimism." Add this to the 
$3 1 5,000 operating surplus that treasurer |udy Keyser 
reported the church experienced at year-end 1997, and 
there is still more room for optimism. 

Brethren Benefit Trust is strong. Boring or not, this 
year's Annual Conference approval of expanded services 
from BBT is a reminder that this church partner is 
healthy, growing, and ambitious. The successful comple: 
tion of BBT's relocation loan to Bethany Seminary bring 
to mind that BBT could be helpful with future building 
and property issues facing the church. As an expanded 
Site Coinmittee explores options to consolidate the 
church's national offices in a "denominational center," 
BBT's financial strength may prove useful. 

The General Board staff has a new executive direc- 
tor. Annual Conference marked the beginning of Judy 
Mills Reimer's service as head of the General Board staf 
With her business background and church experience, 
Reimer brings excellent credentials for leading the 
church's business. From her energy and savvy, we can 
expect much. 

William Willimon called on the Church of the Brethren 1 
become "a people with faithful imagination." It's coming. 
We are getting ready for things hoped for, things unseen. 


IS Be Knowi 


'% "Va 

C u r f I ( u I u 






Three hundred 3/ears ago. the first Brethren looked to the future by recovering the practices 
of the ancient church. Today we lool< to the future by recovering the early Brethren vision. 

When_you*re looking toward the future, 
it helps to know where 3/ouVe been. 

Let Our |oys Be Known, a new heritage curriculum from 
Brethren Press, teaches all about Brethren life and faith, past 
and present. Younger children (kindergarten through grade 3) 
hear stories of Brethren families. Older children (grades 4-8) 
relive important events in the life of the church. Youth (grades 

9-12) study the faith issues that all Brethren struggle with, and 
adults look at why Brethren believe as they do. The curriculum 
for each age level spans 13 sessions. Each children and_youth 
class uses a single reproducible leader's guide ($9.95). Adult 
classes use one primer for each class member ($5.95). ^ 


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To order, contact: 

Brethren Press, 145! Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120 

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A Quiet 
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Fax 410-635-8719 • 500 Main Street • New Windsor, Maryland 21776 

Brethren youtli look to the future 

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Call for a r Iv't-t sample 
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Fax:800-667-8188 • E-mail: 

Order line: 800-441 -371 2 

September 1998 

On the cover: Gloves dis- 
tributed to NYCers at 
tlie closing worship ser- 
vice symbolize the courage to live 
"with eyes of faith," and the 
unique memories they will take 







Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 


A Brethren family reunion 

At the second Brethren World Assembly, 
the denominations that trace their history 
from the courageous 1 708 baptism in 
Schwarzenau studied their common her- 
itage and explored the theme "Faith and 
Family — Challenges and Commitments." 
Frank Ramirez was there to chronicle the 
education and the fellowship. 

Beyond right and wrong 

The luly Messenger stirred the thinking of 
Bethany professor Murray Wagner, who 
wrote this thoughtful essay with fatherly 
advice on how to live life when it's not 
always to know what's right. 

Special section: 

National Youth Conference 

If you're looking for signs of hope in the 
Church of the Brethren, check out this 
gathering of more than 4,500 youth and 
advisors. Randy Miller covers the high- 
lights, finds out what the youth thought, 
and leaves you feeling optimistic about the 
direction of the church. 

Letters, letters, letters 

The letters to the editor section is espe- 
cially full of vim and vinegar this month, 
with Brethren adding their perspectives on 
pluralism, the military and patriotism, 
Bethany seminary, Annual Conference, and 
the Holy Spirit. What do you think? 


From the Publisher 
In Touch 

Turning Points 

September 1998 Messenger 1 



The last time I went to National Youth Conference was 12 years ago, back in the 
old days when it was small enough to be housed at Estes Park. Now it's 50 per- 
cent bigger — a real sign of hope in a denomination that worries about diminishing 

Just as the attendance was bigger, so was the coverage. In the old days, NYC was 
covered by one or two people carrying notepads and cameras. This year's conference 
was covered by a team of people operating out of a press room linked to the Internet. 

Through a partnership between the Brethren Press communication team and the 
NYC staff, the 1998 conference was thoroughly covered onsite by a daily newssheet, 
a four-page printed wrap-up, and a Web site that was updated several times a day 
(and can still be accessed at — all orchestrated by General Board 
staff member Nevin Dulabaum. 

Our post-NYC coverage is right here. This special section is something of a depar- 
ture for Messenger. It's a 16-page, full-color mini-magazine. Written in a breezy, 
slightly irreverent style, it's aimed a little more at the youth than at the regular read- 
ership of Messenger. But don't be fooled. Despite the light touch, the articles make 
clear that there was plenty of spiritual depth to NYC. 

The cluster was made possible through the volunteer efforts of Randy Miller, who 
wrote the articles and supervised the team of photographers — which included leff 
Leard, Jim Tomlonson, and Frank Klein — that documented the event for both Mes- 
senger and the NYC archives. 

A photojournalist by background. Randy is managing editor of World Vision Inter- 
national's journal Together. He is a member of La Verne (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren and a part-time faculty member at the University of La Verne. Years ago he 
served Messenger as its first editorial assistant, volunteering through BVS. Prior to 
that he was associate coordinator of the 1974 National Youth Conference. 

To help youth remember their experiences in Colorado, the NYC office is sending 
this issue of Messenger to every conference participant. Extra copies are available 
by sending $2 per copy to Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 
(Brethren Press also has a limited number of copies of the NYC theme song cassette, 
which can be ordered by calling customer service at 800-441 -3712. And NYC wrap- 
up videos are available from the NYC office at 800-323-8039.) 

By the way: Randy did an informal survey of youth at NYC and found that one- 
third to one-half didn't recognize Messenger as their denominational magazine. We 
hope this issue gets them hooked. After all. Messenger is one of the best ways to 
keep them connected to the wider church. 

Keeping them connected will help them build on their life-changing experience 
this summer. But maybe more important, it will also allow their enthusiasm to infect 
us all. 

How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 



Fax: (847) 742-6103 
Phone: (847) 742-5100 

Subscription rates: 

$1 6.50 individual rate 
$12.50 church individual plan 
$10.50 church group plan 
$ 1 0.50 gift subscriptions 

If you move, clip address label 
and send with new address to 
Messenger Subscriptions, at the 
above address. Allow at least five 
weeks for address change. 

Connect electronically: 

For a free subscription to 
Newsline, the weekly Church 
of the Brethren e-mail news 
report, call (800) 323-8039, ext. 
263, or write 

To view the official Church of 
the Brethren Web site, point 
your browser to http://www. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Church 
of the Brethren. Entered as periodical postage matter 
Aug, 20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct. 17, 
1 9 1 7. Filing date, Nov. 1 , 1 984, Member of the 
Associated Church Press. Subscriber to Religion 
News Service & Ecumenical Press Service. Biblical 
quotations, unless otherv/ise indicated, are from 
the New Revised Standard Version. Messenger is 
published 1 1 times a year by Brethren Press, Church 
of the Brethren General Board. Periodical postage 
paid at Elgin, III., and at additional mailing office, 
March 1998, Copyright 1 998, Church of the Brethren 
General Board, ISSN 0026-0355, 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messenger, 
1451 DundeeAve,, Elgin, IL 60120, 


Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger September 1998 



Built on spacious grounds un a hill next to Bridgewater College, the church looks out over the town of Bridgewater, with 
views of the Allegheny and Blue Ridge mountains. 

Bridgewater chureh to be dedieated Nov. 1 

The $5 million new building for the Bridgewater (Va.) Church of the Brethren will be 
dedicated in special worship services Nov. 1. A new pipe organ, scheduled to arrive in 
mid-September, may be installed in time for the dedication. The congregation moved 
into the new facility in June. The sanctuary has seats for 550, plus a 50-seat choir sec- 
tion. The building includes a library and three education wings as well as rooms for the 
food pantry and community pre-school housed in the church, according to Wendell Eller, 
associate pastor for visitation. A dual-purpose room doubles as a basketball court and a 
fellowship hall that will seat 400. The church is built on one level for complete accessibil- 
ity. The state-of-the-art sound system also has special provisions for the hearing 
impaired. The congregation's former building was purchased by Bridgewater College for 
use as a chapel. 

September 1998 Messfnger 3 



Hazel N. Kennedy, 89, died 
July 14 at her home in La 
Verne, Calif. She was a cur- 
riculum editor for children 
and educational planner for 
the General Board in Elgin, 
111., for 25 years, retiring in 
1974. Upon her retirement a 
Messenger editorial spoke 
of her quiet wisdom: "Wher- 
ever she goes. Hazel Kennedy 
probably won't be shouting to 
make herself heard. But out 
of a rich life she has much to 
share. People who know her 
will listen." 

•Morley |. Mays, presi- 
dent of Elizabethtown 
College from 1966 to 1977, 

Modesto's senior committee, which plans monthly programs, 
includes, from left in back, Pliyllis Hari'ey, Neva Forney, 
Roy Owen, and Lois Northrup. In front are Bob Coulson 
and Max Bashor. 

Seniors "celebrate life'' at Modesto 

Seniors at the Modesto 
(Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren have an active 
program of monthly meet- 
ings with lunch and 
fellowship. One month's 
program, called "Celebrate 
Life," honored those 80 
and older. Other programs 
have been an update on 
Nigerian missions, a high 

4 Messenger September 1998 

school choir performance, 
tours of local industries, 
and a trip to Calaveras Big 
Tree State Park. Seventeen 
seniors from the Modesto 
congregation were planning 
to attend the National 
Older Adult Conference 
Aug. 31 -Sept. 4. 

— Phyllis Harvey, coor- 
dinator of senior ministries 

died July 5 in Lancaster, Pa. 
He was 85. Prior to being 
president he was first vice 
president for academic 
affairs at Juniata College. 
He was a founder and 
chairman of the administra- 
tive committee for Brethren 
Colleges Abroad. He was a 
member of Trinity Lutheran 
Church in Lancaster. 

•Teresa Crawford Lowe 
of Hanover, Pa., died June 
29 at the age of 108. She 
was a resident of The 
Brethren Home Community 
at New Oxford, Pa. Raised 
in the Church of the 
Brethren, she came from a 
Pennsylvania Dutch back- 
ground. She was known for 
her sense of humor. Inter- 
viewed by a local newspaper 
on her birthday this year, 
she said her family moved 
around a lot while she was 
growing up. "I once asked 
my father if the sheriff was 
after me because we moved 
so much," she said. 

Remarkable marriages 

Congratulations to Glen and 
Mabel Moyer, who cele- 
brated 77 years of marriage 
June 20. They live at The 
Brethren's Home, Greenville, 

Wilbur and Florence 
Lauver, of Ottawa, Kan., 
marked 70 years of mar- 
riage July 18. 

Norman and Beryl 
Patrick, of Hershey, Pa., 
observe their 70th 
anniversary Sept. 22. 

Groups collaborate to 
control health costs 

Gary N. Clouser, president 
of Brethren Village in Lan- 
caster, Pa., was named to 
the board of directors of 
Kairos Health Systems, 
Inc., Mechanicsburg, Pa. 
Kairos is an innovative 

effort at collaboration 
among 14 groups that pro- 
vide services to seniors in 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
and Delaware. It negotiates 
contracts with health main- 
tenance organizations and 
serves as administrator for 
its members' managed care 
patients. Clouser, who was 
elected board vice chairman 
of Kairos, has been presi- 
dent of Brethren Village 
since 1983. 

Children's Daily News 
reports from Orlando 

Children's activities at Annual 
Conference in Orlando 
included publishing a daily 
newspaper. The children's 
center planning committee 
was made up of Mary Boyd, 
of Venice, Fla., Arlene Rite- 
nour, of Bradenton, Fla., and 
Jean Lersch, of St. Petersburg, 
Fla. Jean Lersch provided 
these excerpts from the chil- 
dren's work. 

By Jonathan: Today all of 
the children activity kids 
went to the Orlando sci- 
ence museum and we had 
fun. First, we got to go 
where ever we wanted. 
Then, we saw a play called 
mysteriest mosquitos and 
it was funny. 

Aaron's lead story was 
headlined, "No air condi- 
tioning": Today in the 
children's center the air 
conditioning wasn't work- 

Gary N. Clouser 

ing. Everybody was 
exausted because it was 
soooooo HOT! lanitors 
were on the sene trying to 
fix it but they couldn't. 
Hopefully they will have 
fixed it by tomorrow. 

Stephen highlighted an 
important part of Confer- 
ence in his article, "My too 
best friends'": I have a 
friend named Andrew. He 
is so cool. He has a play 
station and a Netendo 64! 
I met a kid named Ryan. 
He's cool to. He lives in 
Dayton, Ohio. He has a 
dog and a rabbit. 

(ohnathon, Evan, Mike, 
and Tyler were sportswrit- 
ers: The Chicago Bulls 
have won there 6th 
chamionship. it wuld be 
better if it was in a row. 
GO Bulls! 

Another sports report: 
Cow ripkin made 5 home- 
runs in one game on |uly 
3, 1998, in Orlando. 

In a column headlined 
"Kid Talk" was this com- 
ment: Lunch was not such 
a success. The cheese 
sandwiches could have had 
ham and other food could 
have been more junky. 

Sarah was positive in her 
report: We played. I was a 
helper and I have fun! We 
did faces. It was fun! We 
had sand art. It was fun! I 
loved it. I did Spanish. It 
was so fun! 

Coming home to Long 
Green Valley 

Homecoming is Oct. 1 1 for 
the Long Green Valley con- 
gregation in Glen Arm, Md. 
The church built its first 
meetinghouse 90 years ago. 
"All are invited to join in 
rejoicing with us over how 
God has been meeting with us 
in this house and the facility 
that succeeded it," said Peter 
Haynes, pastor. 

— Ianet Bowman 

Renovation to make 
church accessible 

Topeco Church of the 
Brethren near Floyd, Va., is 
undergoing a $500,000 ren- 
ovation, which includes a 
new front entrance, an ele- 
vator and accessible 
restrooms, an expanded 
narthex, and an expanded 
kitchen and fellowship hall. 
Topeco is the "mother 
church" of Floyd County, 
which at one time was the 
only county in the US where 
Brethren were the predomi- 
nant Christian 

1998 Youth Peace Travel Team members are Linetta Alley, of 
Bridgewaier. Va.: Rachel Carroll, of Osceola. IiuL: Lori 
Van Order, of York, Pa.: and Liz Geisewite, of Logantown, 
Pa. The teani traveled to camps and congregations in the 
western US. with a stop at National Youth Conference, 
faintly sponsored by the General Board's Youth and Young 
Adult Ministries office and Brethren Witness office, along 
with On Earth Peace Assembly and the Outdoor Ministries 
Association, this year's team was the eighth straight to 
make a summer of sharing the Brethren peace message 
with their peers. 

Honored in Harrisburg, from left, Gerald Rhoades. Allen Hansell. Irvin 
Heishman. and Aa«cv Heishman 

A pastor and 
admirers: Larry 
Click, Joseph 
Wayne Pence. 
Dennis Brown, and 
Doug Phillips. 

Anniversaries worthy of celebration 

Surpise! The Lebanon 
Church of the Brethren, 
Mt. Sidney, Va., surprised 
their pastor, Joseph Wayne 
Pence, with a special service in 
honor of his 1 years of ser- 
vice to the congregation. The 
service included a sermon by 
Larry Click, a presentation on 
the history of Wayne's life, 
and a video prepared espe- 
cially for the occasion. 

On |une 1 First Church 
of the Brethren, Harris- 
burg, Pa., celebrated the 
25th anniversary of the 
ordination of its commu- 
nity minister, Gerald W. 
Rhoades, as well as his 15 
years of service to First 
Church. Also, co-pastors 
Irvin and Nancy Heishman 
were recognized for their 
10 years of service to the 

congregation. Guest 
speaker for the morning 
worship was Allen Hansell, 
director of ministry on the 
General Board staff. 

'7,\ Touch" PRoriiES Brlthren 

Se.\D STOR) ideas .4ND PHOTOS TO 

'7.V Touch," Messescer. 1451 
DusDEE.AvE.. Elci\. IL 60120. 

September 1998 Messenger 5 

Brethren family reunion 

Six denominations gather at second World Assembly 

Linville Creek's Paul Roth led tours of 
John Kline historical sites. 

Family life was the focus of the papers 
presented at Bridgewater College. 

Photos and Story by Frank Ramirez 

Speaking to the theme of the 
second Brethren World Assem- 
bly, "Faith and Family — Challenges 
and Commitments," keynote speaker 
Carl Bowman compared the difficult 
life Brethren faced in the 1890s, with 
Brethren life in the 1950s and 1990s. 

Brethren men and women worked 
in partnership in their own realms on 
the farm, according to Bowman, who 
is chair of the sociology department 
at Bridgewater College. Each was 
essential, and strong-armed men and 
women, along with the children and 
extended family, worked hard for the 
success of the enterprise. On many 
occasions one would enter the realm 
of the other to get the work done. 

The family consisted of the house- 
hold, with aunts and uncles and 
grandparents, and in a larger sense, 
the entire church. By contrast, life 
had changed enough by the 1930s 
that the so-called "modern" family 
came into being. Father left home to 

work, and mother, now considered 
frail, stayed at home at "women's 
work." People came to think of the 
family as consisting of only husband, 
wife, and children. 

Bowman insists that period, extend- 
ing through the 1940s and '50s into 
the '60s, was an anomaly, and that 
we're better off comparing our lives 
with the 1 890s if we look to the past 
for solutions to family problems. 

Now the family is stretched in 
many different directions, Bowman 
claimed. There are more single 
households, consisting of the wid- 
owed and widowers, young people 
delaying marriage, and single parents 
raising children. 

"What does this have to do with 
Brethren families?" Bowman asked. 
"Young Brethren differ little from 
their religious peers. Although there 
is some indication they had experi- 
enced fewer broken homes, they 
looked like other people. Their atti- 
tude towards violence, the death 

penalty, and Christian patriotism are 
the only differences." 

Bowman said, "Family challenges 
spring from the very challenges of 
life at the end of the 20th century. 
Even though some of us are not of 
the world, we're still in it. . . . It's 
popular to say the family is in crisis, 
but that suggests something that 
might be solved. This is wishful 
thinking. The crisis is chronic, so 
this is not a crisis but a new reality. 
Family is a work we need to engage 
in as we turn to our faith for 

It was all part of the second 
Brethren World Assembly, held fuly 
15-18 at Bridgewater College, 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Twenty-five years ago M.R. Zigler 
gathered together representatives of 
the five major Brethren groups in 
America for what he called a hand- 
shake at the nearby Tunker Meeting 
House. For nearly a century before 
that the groups that traced their 

6 Messenger September 1998 

roots back to the 1 708 baptism in 
Schwarzenau had studiously avoided 
each other. In a way it was no differ- 
ent than members of the same family 
who are too proud to admit they'd 
really like to get together. Over the 
years the issues that had divided 
some of the groups had lessened in 

The representatives so enjoyed get- 
ting together that the practice of 
gathering face to face continued. 
Rather than trying to settle differ- 
ences or seek formal unification, the 
meetings focused on joint projects 
that all could support, especially the 
Brethren Encyclopedia. In 1992 the 
first Brethren World Assembly came 
together in Pennsylvania on the 
campus of Elizabethtown College. 
And at this second assembly, some 
1 30 Brethren came together for wor- 
ship, fellowship, sightseeing, and a 
number of papers on the confer- 
ence's theme. 

In addition to the American 
Brethren, lose Rivero, the national 
supervisor of the Brethren Church in 
Argentina, and Dan Kim, former 
Church of the Brethren missionary to 
South Korea, were in attendance. 

Throughout the conference, other 
speakers examined the theme of the 
family. Though the speakers often 
had different approaches, a common 
thread ran through many of the 
papers read. Brethren need to 
reclaim their traditional understand- 
ing of the extended family, the 
relationship of the family to the 
larger family known as the church, 
and rediscover home devotions. 
Brethren obviously did not agree on 
biblical language regarding a hierar- 
chical structure in the basic family, 
but all agreed that Christian love and 
discipleship had to undergird the 
family structure. 

Different Brethren groups hold dif- 
ferent views on the place of women 
in the ministry. Some confined 
women to subordinate roles in the 
church, with the greatest expression 
of God's gift to be found in the mis- 
sion fields. The groups hold different 
views on the authority of the church, 
running the gamut from those who 
embrace an entirely congregational 
structure, to those who recognize 

Annual Meeting's rulings on the 
Scriptures to be authoritative. 

For all Brethren, the Bible is key. 
All the groups would argue in the 
same fashion. Plunk down the Bible 
and say, "Show it to me in the Word 
of God." There are differences of 
interpretation, but the centrality of 
God's word was a common thread in 
all the presentations. 

Brenda Colijn of the Brethren 
Church, for instance, spoke about 
the biblical understanding of the 
family as a household, and empha- 
sized that in the New Testament that 
definition was broadened to include 
a wider range of people. "This is a 
significant development," she noted. 
"In the Old Testament, God has a 
house but no household." In the New 
Testament, she said, the house of 
God is a spiritual building, which 
includes God's people. She added 
that one of Alexander Mack's 
favorite images for the church was 
that of the household. 

The centrality of God's 

word was a common 

thread through all the 

Brethren groups. 

Nancy Faus, retired professor from 
Bethany Theological Seminary, 
recounted the history of family spiri- 
tuality and devotions among the 
Brethren, and prescribed several 
remedies for the difficulties faced by 
the modern family, including the 
suggestions that family devotions, 
scripture reading, and singing be 

"Don't worry or feel guilty if daily 
worship is not always possible. Once 
or twice a week is more often than 
what many families are doing. Find a 
regular time, make it intentional, and 
put it on your calendar in ink, so it is 
as important as everything else you're 
doing that week. So often we say that 
family time will come when we have 

finished other things. It never will." 

But as informative as these papers 
were (and they will eventually be 
published by the Brethren Encyclo- 
pedia), it was obvious that most of 
those in attendance simply enjoyed 
meeting old friends and making new 
ones across denominational bound- 
aries. Brethren ate and talked 
together, two things that all the 
groups are good at, regardless of 
their denominational addresses. 

At the last Brethren World 
Assembly there were five 
denominations that came together. 
This time there were six. In addition 
to the Church of the Brethren, the 
Brethren Church, the Dunkard 
Brethren, and the Old German Bap- 
tist Brethren, the Grace Brethren had 
split in the interim, and given birth to 
the Conservative Grace Brethren 
Churches International. The 
church's name is derived from the 
fact that there are nearly as many 
congregations overseas as in the 
United States. 

From 1708 to 1881 there are 175 
years of shared history for all 
Brethren. Elder [ohn Kline, martyred 
during the Civil War, was part of that 
shared history. Paul Roth, pastor of 
the Linville Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Broadway. Va., led assem- 
bly participants in tours of sites 
associated with the life of KJine. 

Virginian lohn Kline (1797 - 
1864) served as moderator of the 
denomination during the Civil War 
and over the course of his long min- 
istry traveled over 100,000 miles, 
visiting Brethren all across the coun- 
try. He was eventually murdered by 
Confederate guerrillas. 

There is a stone marker on the spot 
where Kline was murdered. Some of 
the Brethren made the arduous walk to 
that site, now an open field. The 
solemnity and quiet there was finally 
broken when Brethren visitors began to 
sing, "God Be With You Till We Meet 
Again." The unity of Brethren, present, 
past, and future, seemed solidly 
symbolized by that sacred stanza. 

?rank Ramirez is pastor of Elkliarl Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Elkhart, hid., and a 
frequent contributor to Messenger. 

September 1998 Messenger 7 

Living beyond 
right and ^vrong 

BY Murray L. Wagner 

One of the nation's favorite writ- 
ers, Calvin Trillin, recently 
published a moving memoir, Messages 
from My Father (1996). Trillin's trib- 
ute to his father, a Kansas City grocer 
whose family immigrated from east- 
ern Europe, recounted his vexations 
over what it means to be Jewish. 
What's orthodox and what's not? 
Lists of prescriptions and proposi- 
tions and postulates, with collections 
of admonitions and prohibitions and 
bills of particulars on what's kosher 
and what's not (not unlike Dale Auk- 
erman's list on what's Christian and 
what's not in the July Messenger). 
All the do's and don'ts drove old Abe 
Trillin nuts! Finally, he asked, "Why 
not just be a meiich?" And that's the 
question I'd like to put. 

Mench in Yiddish means much 
more than the German Mensch: 
"person." In Yiddish it means 
"upright, honorable, decent." Parents 
tell their children, "Act like a mench; 
be a menchl" To say that someone is a 
mench is the finest thing you can say 
about anybody. It's a person of char- 
acter, rectitude, and dignity. Time 
and again I've heard it as a Yiddish 
understanding of the biblical impera- 
tive, "be a menchV 

But I don't think that's the way 
Aukerman reads the Bible. He says, 
"the biblical writers saw in the human 
story the continuous struggle between 
right and wrong, between truth and 
talsehood." And i would guess, to 
spin out the bipolar differences a litde 
further, it would be between the elect 
and the reprobate, the saved and the 
lost, and who deserves to win the 
annual Brethren Peacemakers trophy 
and who doesn't. 

No, I think not. I think the biblical 
story tells of the "Hound of Heaven" 
in hot pursuit with the question, 
"Why not be a mench?" 

Besides the Aukerman piece in the 

July Messenger, several other articles 
and letters in the same issue have 
inspired my reflections on the mean- 
ing of mench. 

Thirty-eight years ago I entered 
Brethren Volunteer Service to do 
alternative service as a conscientious 
objector. They sent me to Poland to 
teach English to agricultural students. 
It was quite a menschlish thing to do, 
we all thought, so, as the July Mes- 
senger reports, we are celebrating 50 
years of it this year. 

But think back and imagine this. I 
was in Poland during the grimmest 
days of the Cold War in the very year 
the Berlin wall went up. Every day 
Soviet troop trains were heading west 
toward Berlin. The Polish army was 
on full alert. And I, a BVSer from 
southern Ohio, was collecting quite a 
nice stipend from a communist gov- 
ernment. Relatively speaking, it was 
the best money I've made teaching 
anytime since! Meanwhile, drawing 
infantry pay as an American army 
conscript, one of my high school 
classmates was heading east toward 
Berlin. Quick, will someone who 
knows the truth tell me the difference 
between right and wrong? 

Thanks to the efficiency of the 
German military machine, Poland's 
nearly three million Jews had been 
annihilated. The cradle of European 
Jewry was Judenrein by the time I got 
to Poland. So I never met a Jew in 
Poland, nor had I ever met one in any 
of the communities where I grew up, 
not even at Manchester College. 

Little could I know that one day I 
would be back in eastern Poland 
trying in vain to uncover traces of my 
wife's lost ancestors. I knew next to 
nothing about the Shoah until I stared 
into the Polish genocidal pit of 
unmenschlichkeit. My denomination 
slept through the Holocaust like Rip 
Van Winkel slept through the revolu- 
tion, uttering not a mumbling word of 
protest. What then does someone with 

the name Wagner (the conscientious 
objector) have to say either to Polish 
friends who survived, or to Jewish in- 
laws whose relatives did not? Will 
someone quick tell me how to hold to 
the truth and to reject what is false? 

I really don't trust either ideologues 
from the left spouting party lines or 
theologues from the right thumping 
holy writ. Wherever they line up on 
the political spectrum, they all seem 
to lay positive claim to the knowledge 
of good and evil. But what they know 
about the difference between right 
and wrong is mostly presumption. 
That's what I think anyway. And I 
also have concluded after nearly 30 
years of teaching Christian history 
and religious studies in college and 
seminary classrooms that religion can 
make good people better, but it can 
also make bad people worse. 

What does it take to be a better 
person? I think I got the same mes- 
sage from my father as Trillin got 
from his. My dad got some apprecia- 
tive recognition from Arlene Bucher 
in a letter also appearing in the July 
Messenger. Years ago when I called 
him, a Brethren pastor for 40 years, 
and my stepmother, Martha Bucher, 
to tell them I was about to marry a 
lew, the pause was short. Then came 
the message, "If you love her, we love 
her." And did they ever. 

The tribe expanded from Lancaster 
County to include the New Jersey in- 
laws. They didn't ask what's right, 
what's wrong; what's true, what's 
false; who's in and who's out. "Why 
not be like a mench?" they asked (the 
word in Pennsylvania Dutch is the 
same as in Yiddish), and they 
answered in lives lived. I can do no 
better than to keep the question alive 
for my children and for my rjTn 

grandchildren. I — 1 

Murray L. Wagner, of Richmond. IncL. is 
professor of historical studies at Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

8 Messenger September 1998 

7998 /Vationai V o ci t k Conii 


,- "^ li 



Jeff Leard 

Stories by Randy Miller 
What's wron..^ m^itli these kids? 

Moslilng-, body 
surfino"... what- 
ever the proper term is for hoisting 
teenagers overhead and passing 
them around during a rock concert, 
could not be resisted even by a 
crowd of Brethren youth who, less 
than 20 minutes before, were 
anointing each other's foreheads 
with oil and dabbing their eyes with 
handi<.erchiefs, when the Top-40 
band Jars of Clay kicked off their 
show in Moby Arena Saturday night. 
Bodies ride high in what appears to 
be some kind of massive "trust your 
neighbor" exercise. Maybe they're 
just practicing what they heard Friday 

morning, when youth speaker Cindy 
Laprade told of her experience in a 
workshop in which she had to take a 
crash course in trust by falling back- 
wards from a five-foot platform into 
the arms of her friends. They didn't 
drop her, nor are these Brethren 
dropping any of their newfound 
brothers and sisters. If you're going 
to body surf at a rock concert, what 
better place than over the heads of 
4,500 youth who've spent the week 
bonding and hugging and generally 
learning to care about each other? 

No one got dropped. No limbs were 
broken. One kid stubbed his toe. Sev- 
eral lost their pillows — at least 
temporarily — many of which had 
been carefully crafted by women's 

sewing circles back home, and were 
last seen flying through the air over 
the arena floor. Some lost their voices 
(including dean Steve Van Houten). 

But, overall, it was a relatively safe 
place to spend the evening. Certainly 
safer than the anointing service that 
preceded it. According to NYC coun- 
selor John Wenger, there were more 
medical-related problems arising from 
the anointing service than there were 
from the Jars concert. 

Frankly, it was a relief to see at 
least some form of misbehaving 
going on — albeit rather minor. I was 
beginning to worry. These kids were 
being far too nice. Everyone was on 
his or her best behavior. How would 
they ever fare in the world beyond 

Septemie.i' 7 9 9 8 


J998 /Vatio/iaf ^ o a t i. Coi^ 

e- 1^ e- n c e 

the bounds of NYC? 
Being around them was 
like hstening to banjo 
music all the time — no 
one can listen to banjo 
music and be anything 
but chipper and perky. 

Evidence of this 
creeping niceness was | 
apparent from the 
moment they arrived on Tuesday. 
Granted, the NYC staff had done a 
bang-up job of streamlining the reg- 
istration process. But even when 
several buses disgorged their weary 
travelers and sent them, parade-like, 
to the registration tables, there was 
no shoving, no bickering, no snide 

Colorado State University police ^ 
officer Frazier M. Damon, assigned t 
to keep an eye on things during reg- - 
istration, said our NYCers were 
among the most well-behaved kids 
he's ever dealt with. The smaller 
groups are generally easier to 
handle, he said. But NYC was one of 
the two largest he's been responsible 
for this summer. Even with that, he 
said it was one of the easiest he's 
experienced. "I'd take these kids any 
day, versus the opening day of 
school here." 

Standing in the middle of all 
4,500 of them the next morning, 
after they'd just spent 45 minutes in 
blistering heat waiting for their pic- 
ture to be taken, the strangeness was 
unnerving. No one swore, smoked, 
drank, uttered a discouraging word, 
or littered. Some were even picking 
up bits of trash. They all remem- 
bered their manners as they wove 
their way toward their small group 
locations at various spots around 

Stpte m ier 7 9 9 8 


Halfway to his small group site, 
Dylan Fanning, 15, of the Glendale 
(Ariz.) Church of the Brethren, real- 
ized he'd left his pillow on the grass 
in the middle of the picture site. 
Certain it would be gone by the time 
he returned, he nevertheless felt 
compelled to check it out. His pillow 
was right where he had left it. 

Later, three girls witnessed a 
fellow NYCer shoplift three $7 neck- 
laces from a jeweler in the Lory 
Student Center. At last, you may 
think — someone behaving like the 
teenagers we are accustomed to 
hearing about on the news. Before 
you get your hopes up, the next 
morning the three girls returned to 
the jeweler with $2 1 of their own 
NYC spending money to cover the 
amount he'd lost at the hands of 
their fellow conferee. 

'T don't know what 
you're teaching those 
kids," the jeweler told 
Steve Van Houten, "but 
keep it up." 

NYCers are so well 
behaved that, according 
to one world-weary 
youth I spoke with after 
the |ars of Clay concert, 
they don't even know how to mosh 
properly. "They don't go to enough 
concerts," he lamented. "They aren't 
doing it right. They're going to hurt 
somebody." They didn't. But being 
seen in the presence of so many 
embarrassingly inexperienced mosh- 
ers and body surfers had clearly put a 
crimp in his evening. 

What's with these kids who can't 
even misbehave properly? Can 
being exposed to non-stop kindness 
for five days have long-term 
effects? It appears so. How could 
this happen? Who have they been 
listening to? What have they been 

Their counselors. Their peers. The 
Bible. And maybe a little Jars of Clay. 


7998 /Vationai Y o a Ci, Con^e 

Build your 

Ywith God 
ou could hear it in lier voice, in 
the cadence and rhythm with which she deHvered 
her message. You could see him in her face, and in the way 
she moved. That she was Dr. Martin Luther King, |r.'s 
daughter was unmistaicabie. Yet, as her words unfolded 
before the crowd assembled in Moby Arena Friday night, it 
was clear that the Rev. Bernice King was more than just the 
daughter of a legendary figure. Here was a woman who had 
been through struggles of her own, and learned valuable 
lessons about survival, and about the importance of building 
a relationship with God. 

She did not begin by speaking, however. She began with a 

"Anybody here play the piano?" she asked. NYC pianist 
Shawn Kirchner leapt onto the stage and took a seat at the 
Steinway. King began to sing, "The |esus in me loves the 
Jesus in you. You're easy, so easy, you're easy to love." In 
moments, the entire arena was rocking to the gentle gospel 
beat. Then she began to speak. 

"1 was five when my father was assassinated," she said. 
She related the struggles of growing up without a father. 
She also described the pressure she felt in being the daugh- 
ter of a larger-than-life figure. How could she ever live up to 
that? What if she failed? She got so low that at one time she 
considered ending her life. 

"It was as if nobody could reach me," she said. "In a 
sense, 1 had lost all hope. But as soon as 1 picked up that 
knife, the voice of God spoke. It said, 'Put that knife down, 
because you do have a future, and you do have a destiny.' 

"1 don't know what you've had to deal with," she told the 
spellbound youth, "but I came here to tell you that God 
says, 'Your destiny is greatness.' Not material greatness, but 
spiritual greatness." 

The key to achieving that greatness, she said, lies in form- 
ing a strong relationship with God. 

"No matter what is going on in your life, always hold onto 
God. Always stay connected to God. And when you do that, 
it doesn't matter how bad it gets. He'll take you over, under, 
around or through. He is faithful." 

NYCers young and old were gripped by Bernice King's message: 

Greg Brown, 15, 
Lebanon Church of the 
Brethren, Mount 
Sidney, Va.: "She was s 
one of the people who 5 
got through. Some- | 
times it's hard to get 
through to teens." 

Valerie Messenger, 
Nokesville (Va.) 
Church of the 
Brethren: "1 remem- 
ber when her father 
was shot. 1 was in Los 
Angeles. 1 felt so sad 
that one of those who was for us was 
no longer there. Bernice's testimony 
of hope for kids is so great. When 
things get tough, God will pick you 
up. I wish I'd had her message taped 
so I could play it over and over again 
for my kids." 

Caria Senger, 18, Barren 
Ridge Church of the 
Brethren, Staunton, 
Va.: "It's nice to know 
that others go through 
the same anxieties you 
do. Hers were more 

serious than what most of us deal 


Jenni Dols, 17, Oakton 

Church of the 
Brethren, Vienna, Va.: 
"It was very moving — 
her personal story. 
People next to us were 
so moved they were 
crying. For people our age, suicide is 
a real issue. That's why her speech 
was so moving." 

Jackie Snoots, 
Brownsville (Md.) 
Church of the 
Brethren: "She held 
the attention of our 
young people. She 
gave them something 
to think about. I felt sad listening to 
her. I remember the riots and 
destruction in Washington, D.C. 
[after Martin Luther King's death]. I 
remember driving through the city 
and seeing the destruction. I couldn't 
imagine how people could do that to 
other people. I admire her. I'm sure it 
was hard for her to grow up without 
her father. Such a loss." 

Se d C 

c M D c r 

7 9 9c 



7 998 N a t i It 0- ^ ioatk Con^e-i^citos- 

Medema likes 

Brethren down-horae 


Ken Medema 
travels the 
world slng-liig'his original 
songs and entertaining audiences of 
all ages. He sang lor NYC in 1990 
and again in 1994, and has also per- 
formed at Annual Conference. 

Ken was born blind, but sees more 
than most fully sighted people. If 
anyone knows what it means to see 
"with eyes of faith," it's this guy. We 
were lucky — again — that he con- 
sented to perform for us. 

Messengfr: "You've performed for 
many groups like this. Is there any- 
thing that sets Brethren youth apart?" 

Medema: "This crowd probably has 
some of the most sound kingdom-of- 
God theology you'll find anywhere, 
with a faith and passion you don't 
commonly find among the more lib- 
eral churches. A lot of liberal 
churches have strong social con- 

St/itemicf 7 9 9 8 

cerns, but are spineless when it 
comes to enthusiasm. Here I find a 
wonderful combination of the two. 

"It's taken this group a little longer 
to embrace some of the more con- 
temporary Christian music. They're a 
little slower than, say, the Methodists 
or the Baptists in that regard. This 
group seems to be more careful, 
more thoughtful about embracing 
some of the new music. They don't 
just go rushing in. They take time to 
evaluate it. . . . Kind of a slow-but- 
certain approach. 

"There's a 'down-home' kind of 
gentleness about this group that I 
really appreciate. I come across 
youth in other denominations who 
have seen it all, and I find them a 
little jaded, a little spoiled. They need 
more stuff to get them excited. This 
group is not like that. They can still 
get excited about someone shouting 
out the name of a state, and they can 
sing a capella. They don't need a lot 
of 'stuff to get them excited." 

What did youth 
think about 
Paul Grout? 

Rachel Bucher, 17, 
Mount Wilson Church 
of the Brethren, 
Lebanon, Pa.: "Paul 
Grout was very 
moving. I had never 
thought about how 
we nailed Jesus to the cross. I liked 
where he told us that Jesus loves us, 
which gives us self-esteem. I think 
his presentation will change me 
because I now know how special I 
am. I can be unafraid to stand up for 

Valerie Taft, Middle- k 
bury (Ind.) Church c 
of the Brethren: "At 
first, I didn't think 
he looked like much 
fun. He was older 
and seemed really 

serious and traditional. I thought he 
was going to get up there and say 
something like, 'This is what I say 
about this and you should believe it.' 
But he was really good. Right now, 
after hearing him, I feel better than I 
ever thought I would." 



NickJuday, 17, Wate 
ford Community 
Church, Goshen, 
Ind.: "That was th 
most unbelievable 
thing I've ever seen 
in my life. Nothing 
ever made sense or hit me like this 
before. This guy really knows God 


7 998 national Y a u t k Con^ 

e- !•■ e- It c e- 


by the 


Wednesday evening. The songs 
have been sung, the prayers prayed. Paul 
irout, pastor of the Genesis Church of the Brethren in 
'utney, Vt., the evening speaker, is getting to work. 

Shirtsleeves rolled up above his elbows, Paul hauls a long 
/hite canvas bag onto the stage and begins to unpack it. He 
5 nowhere near the lectern, and he does not look like he's 
ilanning to speak. He lays the contents of the bag — a bunch 
if wood pieces — out on the floor. Then he begins pounding 
in them, using wooden pegs to tap pieces into place. 

Tap, tap, tap. The arena is silent except for some guy in the 
losebleed section who shouts, "Preach it, Paul." Paul ignores 
lim and continues tapping. David Sollenberger, video 
amera in hand, is now on stage, and soon we see an image 
if Paul projected onto the two huge screens flanking the 
tage. There it is, a little wood figure that looks kind of like it 
ould be lesus. Yep, there is something that looks vaguely 
ross-like about what is taking shape up there. 

Tap, tap, tap. He works on this thing for a good 10 to 15 
linutes. Moby Arena is spellbound. Finally, Paul lays his 
,ammer aside and raises the cross, slowly, slowly. He raises 

it until it is vertical. Then he lifts it, straining under the 
weight of the thing, and struggling to hold it upright, the 
way circus jugglers struggle to balance poles in their acts. 
The crucifix is at least 20 feet tall. Paul teeters a few times, 
steps quickly backwards, then steadies himself. At last, he 
sinks the thing into the wooden base he had placed on stage 
earlier. The crowd sighs audibly, then erupts in cheers. 
Dozens of cameras Hash. |esus didn't fall over after all. 
Everyone is relieved. 

(Actually, he did, less than an hour before the service 
began. Twenty feet of wooden crucifix went crashing to the 
Moby Arena stage, barely missing evening worship coordina- 
tor |im Chinworth, who wondered how on earth the show 
would ever go on. Not to worry. It was only the wooden pegs 
that broke, and Paul fished new ones from somewhere in the 
depths of his canvas bag.) 

Having finished his building, Paul takes to the lectern, still 
shaken from the workout. "I'm always nervous when I do 
that," he tells the crowd. "When I stop being nervous I will 
no longer do it. I get nervous because when I do it 1 feel like 
I am nailing Christ to the cross. 

"My goal," he continued, "is to make you see this cross 
and understand how lesus had to let his crucifixion happen." 

Maria King, 18, West York Church of the Brethren, 
York, Pa.: "What moved me was what he said 
about how we were blind but now we see. And 
how, even if we're afraid, he's with us and com- 
forts us. . . . 

"I've always wanted to help people. Sometimes 
people at our church say to us, 'Oh, you're too 
young,' as if we really aren't capable of doing 
much. But we have so much energy. And here at 
NYC we have all these people behind us. I'm not 
afraid to take what I've learned back to my 

Leah Werner, 16, Waterford Community 
Church, Goshen, Ind.: lust seeing 
everybody crying, being touched, you 
know something happened tonight. A 
lot of kids from our youth group 
came down here [for the altar call]. 
They were crying. Our youth group 
wasn't really alive before tonight, but 
I think it's going to be different now. 
I know I've changed. I just want to 
know God better." 

6e^ p C e- /I 

7 991 



19 9 8 /]/ a C I n a i 'i o a t k oo/iret^e/(C& 

Worship services to remember 

Photos by Jeff Leard 

I eii worsliip services in five clays is an impressive number for anyone, much less for a seg- 
iJL- ment of the population not usually known for its enthusiastic response to an hour of worship a week. But 
then these weren't your typical Sunday morning worship services. 

In addition to Paul Grout and Bernice King, NYCers were led in worship by Paul Mundey, pastor at Frederick, Md.; 
the three NYC staff members, Brian Yoder, |oy Struble, and Emily Shonk (pictured on page 23); Ted and Lee, a Men- 
nonite drama team: |udy Mills Reimer, executive director of the General Board (picured on page 1 7); youth speech 
contest winners Linetta Alley and Cindy Laprade; Milton Garcia, a Church of the Brethren minister from Puerto Rico; 
Debbie Eisenbise, co-pastor of Skyridge Church of the Brethren, Kalamazoo, Mich.; and David Radcliff, director of 
Brethren Witness for the General Board. 

Paul Mundey 

Milton Garcia 

David Radcliff 

"Don't just party 
this week. Partic- 
ipate in finding 
God's purpose in 
your life. Lean on 
others, especially 
this week, and 
soak up their 
support and 

"Take time today 
to name the 
demons that sur- 
round you and 
cast them away, 
so that when you 
go back to your 
you can be a wit- 
ness to the Lord 
[esus Christ." 

"God doesn't 
want you just to 
go to church. God 
wants you to be 
the church." 

Linetta Alley 

"We may not 
know what's in 
store for us, but 
we can only get 
this information 
if we keep 
[moving foward], 
and seeing with 
eyes of faith." 

"When we put 
our faith in him, 
we can feel his 
presence. We 
need to take a 
leap of faith and 
fall into God's 

Eisenbise por- 
trayed blind 
Bartimaeus as a 
way to set the 
stage for the Sat- 
urday evening 
anointing service. 
The oil flowed, as 
did tears, amid 
hugs and a 
renewed conviction 
to see the world through eyes of faith. 
Said Tyler Montgomery, 18, of Bedford 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren, "I can't 
fully explain this experience. It was like 
a lightning bolt. I'm not one to share 
my feelings, but I had chills running up 
and down my spine pretty much the 
whole night." 

Debbie Eisenbise 

Cind.v Laprade 

Professional Gospel 



Scripture meets Saturday Night Live. 

^^^^^^^^^^v ^ 

"Ted and Lee were really fun," said 
Reanie Conrad, 14, Bush Creek 
Church of the Brethren, Brunswick, 



Md. "They make you understand 

■wiqf^^^^^r i 

^H ^' 

things better. Pastors are usually 


talking to adults. Ted and Lee made 

scripture understandable here, for 


Ted and L-ee 

Sc item Ur 7 9 9c 




Are ray kids safe? 

arents who've just 
sent their pride and 

joy off to a conference with the same 
acronym as America's most dangerous 
city naturally want to know that their 
children are safe and that they will be 
having meaningful spiritual experi- 
ences at NYC. They also want to know 
that they are eating their vegetables, 
getting enough sleep, and generally 
behaving themselves. 

Having witnessed the most recent 
conference first-hand, 1 can address 
some of their concerns. 

No one got more than three hours of 
sleep a night. And the advisors got less 
because they had to stay awake to 
make sure that the youth bellowing 
coyote hoots between dormitories at 
curfew were not actually causing 
themselves or others physical harm. 1 
saw four youth eat vegetables, but this 
was early in the week. My guess is that 
they were still homesick, and eating 
vegetables made them feel more like 
they were still at home. By the end of 
the conference, the cafeteria staff had 
removed most healthful items from the 
menu. By Saturday, pizza delivery 
trucks became the most frequently 
sighted vehicles on campus. 

Parents want their kids to have 
deep, life-changing spiritual experi- 

ences at NYC, but not too deep, and 
not so life-changing that they feel 
suddenly compelled to book reserva- 
tions for a shuttle to the next comet 
that passes by the planet, a la 
Heaven's Gate. Thankfully, this NYC 
seemed to get the mix just right, pro- 
viding something for everyone. 

Brethren Revival Fellowship pillar 
|im Myer began each day with a half- 
hour Bible study in Moby Arena. 
Volunteer staff member Kimber 
Mitchell brought the gospel to NYCers 
via grease paint, goofy wigs, and 
clothes that looked like . . . well, like 
what some youth found at a nearby 
thrift store. It came via music from the 
folk group KJndling (who did nol sing 
"Light My Fire"), the Top-40 band 
|ars of Clay, and the NYC theme song 
from Lee Krahenbiihl. 

Sometimes the spirit came through 
when least expected. NYC counselor 
lohn Wenger told about a girl he 
spotted coming out of Moby Arena 
following the Wednesday evening 
worship, at which Paul Grout had 
spoken. "She was a tall, beautiful 
blonde girl, and she was sobbing," he 
said. "I asked her what was wrong, 
but she was crying so hard she 
couldn't tell me. I invited her to 
come to the counseling center, so we 
walked across the street to Durrell 

Center and sat in my office until she 
calmed down. When she was able to 
speak, she said, T've been an athlete 
all my life. I play volleyball, and I 
always thought people liked me 
because I was a good athlete. But 
tonight at the worship service, I 
lound out that people love me for 
who I am.' 1 hear all kinds of stories, 
but that one really made my week." 

At the Sunday morning worship 
service, David Radcliff encouraged 
the youth to carry home with them 
what they had experienced at NYC. 
"I hope what you have seen and felt 
this week will take you to higher 
ground, where you can see more 
clearly. And when you get home, you 
can tell those folks at your church 
that they got a good return on the 
investment they made on all that 
spaghetti they ate." 

This week in Ft. Collins, your 
youth ate well enough, did not injure 
themselves beyond repair, and 
seemed to leave with their spiritual 
batteries fully charged. No one was 
talking about hitching their wagon to 
a star — or comet — as they boarded 
their buses for home on Sunday. But 
most, if not all, were different people 
from the ones who had arrived at 
NYC five days before. What more 
could a parent hope for? 

dea t e m ^ e 

7 99 8 

mc-t * 



§ ^^ ^ \veltering' lieat. No breeze. Where's my sunscreen? 

More than 4,500 young people are sitting in a pie-shaped (well, kind oO wedge in front of scaffolding holding a few pho- 
tographers and their assistants. A man with an achingly twangy "Missourah" accent is down on the grass shouting 
way-too-loud instructions over a way-too-loud P.A. system. 

"Sit down, all you in the yellow shirts," Missourah hollered. "You, in the Hawaiian shirt, sit down. We're all waiting on 
you." Hawaiian Shirt shouts back, "Allergies." He didn't want to get his nose too close to the grass until the last minute, 
and it took a good 45 of those to get to the "gang's all here" stage and begin smiling for the camera. 

Finally, the gang got close enough into position enough to satisfy Missourah Accent. 

"On three," Missourah twanged. "Take off your hats and sunglasses." Okay on the hats, but the squinty sun made most 
people keep their sunglasses perched on their noses. 

Days from now, when the 10-x-16s are in their hands, NYCers will only be able to spot themselves by the color of their 
T-shirts anyway, and their general position in the big pie wedge. But the memory of being together will last for years. 


Brethren Volunteer Service director Dan McFadden intro- 
duces Orientation Unit 229 to NYCers Thursday evening. As 
part of their orientation, unit members participated in various 
leadership duties diring the conference. This was the first 
time a BVS unit has participated in NYC as part of orienta- 
tion. McFadden invited NYCers to consider BVS in their 
future. "If you give a year of your life to BVS, it will change 
you, no matter what profession you enter." 

Sc ptcirUr- 19 9 8 



Where's tlie 
honeymooii dorra? 

We"i*e celebri- 
ties now." 

20-year-old Aurora Rubio de Garcia 
said, laughing. She and Saul Garcia, 
2 1 , her husband of barely two weeks, 
had been featured in Thursday's NYC 
newsletter, Insight. "Many people 
whom we've never seen come up to us 
and wish us congratulations. We often 
don't understand what they are 
saying, but they are always very nice." 

Saturday morning NYC speaker 
Milton Garcia, of Puerto Rico, inter- 
preted for the couple as they retreated 
from the summer heat in the comfort 
of the NYC press room. They had 
arrived in Ft. Collins on Tuesday from 
Tijuana, via Southern California's 
Bella Vista and La Verne congrega- 
tions. They began their journey at 
Tijuana's Shalom Ministries, where 
Saul is minister of transportation, and 
for which Friday's NYC offering was 

After 26 hours on a bus with some 
45 youth and advisors, Saul and 
Aurora picked up their bags and went 
separate ways: she to a girls' dorm, he 
with the guys. And this is how they 
chose to spend their honeymoon? 

"We knew we'd be sleeping in sepa- 
rate quarters this week," Saul 

explained. "But we still wanted to 
come here." 

"This is the beginning of our mar- 
ried life," Aurora added. "This is 
where we are building our founda- 
tion. So, in the future, when we have 
differences, we can reflect on this 
special experience. We feel like we 
are starting in the right direction." 

Wearing powder-blue NYC T-shirts 
and holding hands, the newlyweds 
said that what they have encountered 
at CSU was different from what they 
had expected. 

"A friend told us that it would be a 
camp with 5,000 people," Saul said. 
"We thought it might be held in tents. 
We were surprised when we got here 
to this big university." 

In addition to the physical layout, 
the experience itself had exceeded 
their expectations by midweek. 

"I've really appreciated the warmth 
of the people," Aurora said, "and the 
feeling during the worship services." 

Not to rush them into things, but 
would they tell their future children 
to attend NYC? 

"Of course," Saul said. "I would 
tell them that they would have a good 
time. And I would tell them to expect 
to be strengthened spiritually, and to 
have their commitment deepened." 


I hope 

for these 


Judy Mills Reimer, a 
former BVSer and Annual 
Conference moderator who 
was recently installed as 
executive director of the 
Church of the Brethren 
General Board, is billed at 
NYC as a "cheerleader for 
youth in the church." Chat- 
ting informally at the Tuesday 
evening picnic, she talked 
about what she hoped young 
people would take with them 
from the conference. 

"I hope that they will come 
away with a deepened sense of 
their own spirituality, plus an 
appreciation for the church at 
large. So that when they leave 
here they will carry with them 
an understanding that we all 
need to work together." 

Septcm itr 7 9 9 8 


7 998 National Hoatk C o it ^ 

& t^ & /I c & 

' Ben Ht'ir. Hi. Walinil Ciroxf 
Church of the Brethren, Johns- 
town, Pa., joins Wendy Driver, 15, 
Montezuma church, Staunton, 
Va., In tacking shingles to the roof 
of one of the Habitat for Humanity 

-s Pete Bailors . 10. of the Mon- 
tezuma church, joins Ben and 
Wendy In tacking shingles. 

If you build it. tliey 
will come. 

Actually, if you just lay the lounda- 
tion, they will come, hammers in 
hand, tool belts around their waists. 

Dozens of them did come to the 
Moby Arena parking lot, ready to 
work on two Habitat for Humanity 
houses as part of the service projects 
offered at NYC. And they all looked 
very impressive, in a "Tim, The Tool 
Man, Taylor" sort of way. 

And, guess what? In three days 
(sounds vaguely biblical, doesn't 
it?), they built the darned things. All 
those years fooling around with 

Legos paid off. 

Building the Habitat houses was one 
of several service projects to which 
youth could donate a few hours a day. 
Money from two anonymous 
donors— $60,000— funded the NYC 
Habitat project. Shifts ran from I 1 
a.m. to 3 p.m., and 3 p.m. to 7 p.m. 
each day. And, rain or shine, they 
pounded, sawed, shingled, and tacked. 

Under cloudy skies on Friday 
afternoon, 16-year-old Ben Herr, of 
the Walnut Grove (Pa.)congregation, 
took a break from nailing shingles to 
talk about why he chose to work on 
the project. "1 do a lot of this for my 
dad. I love it. I'm just signed up for 


today, but I'd like to do more. I like 
helping out on this project. Maybe 
I'll sign up for tomorrow." 

Saturday morning, amid smiles 
and tears, new owners Rita and 
lavier Loya, along with Felisita Mon- 
tanez and her four sons, were 
presented their Habitat homes. 
Asked how he felt about moving into 
a house built by a bunch of 
teenagers, lavier smiled and said, "At 
first 1 didn't believe they could do it. 
But they did." 

The homes will be moved from the 
Moby parking lot to the nearby town 
of Severence, where they will receive 
finishing touches in the weeks ahead. 

St-ptcm ill- 7 9 9 8 


/ V V o l\l a I I If a t 1 a I li ionkei'e.nce. 

> Lt. Jeff Booth, based in 
Cheyenne, is greeted by NYCers 
follo\ving the Brethren demonstra- 
tion at the missile silo launch site. 

Peace vigil 

afternoon, the 

Brethren Witness office sponsored a 
peace demonstration at the site of a 
missile silo an hour northeast of Col- 
orado State University. David 
Radchff, NYC Sunday morning 
speatcer, and director of Brethren 
Witness for the General Board, coor- 
dinated the visit. 

Youth gathered in rain-soaked 
grass across a gravel road from the 
silo. Linetta Alley. Rachel Carroll 
and Lori Van Order, members of the 
Brethren Youth Peace Travel Team, 
led the group in singing "One Tin 
Soldier" to begin the demonstration. 
Costa Nicolaidis, legislative associate 
in the Church of the Brethren Wash- 
ington office, spoke to the group 
about the Comprehensive Test Ban 
Treaty, and encouraged them to 
write letters to their senators and 
representatives voicing their con- 
cerns about it. 

Participants were given handfuls of 
grass seed, which they tossed toward 
the silo launch site as a demonstra- 
tion of the power of life over the 
forces of death. 

As they left the site, individuals 
greeted surprised soldiers guarding 
the site with hugs and handshakes. 

— Melissa Collett 


comment about 
tlie week 

Photos by Randy Miller 

Aspen Di loll, 16, La Verne (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren: "This week was great. 1 liked seeing how 
everybody came together. Everyone was really close 
during the conference. It was fun to meet new 
people who suddenly acted like your best friends." 

Amanda Adjetey, 15, Dayton (Va.) Church of the 
Brethren: "The week, overall, has been great. 1 had 
more experiences than I thought I would: small 
groups, workshops, worship services. I especially 
appreciated the worship services. Paul Grout and 
Bernice King really stood out for me." 

Sam Barns, Locust Grove (Ind.) Church of the 
Brethren: "One thing I noticed here at NYC was 
that the youth and advisors are very friendly. 
They don't just walk past you. They say 'Hi!' 
There ain't no loners here, like at school. 
Nobody's picking on people or making fun of 
them. Even though you don't know each other, 
you start talking and become friends. I've made a 
lot of friends here." 

Jamee Eriksen, 17, Dayton (Va.) Church of the 
Brethren: For me, this week was more like a road 
sign than a door. It was symbolic of where my jour- 
ney is going to start. It was like a starting point. 
When 1 was baptized, 1 had a lot of questions and 
issues to deal with. I came here to learn more about 
who I am and where I'm going." 

oe- p C C HI D c 

J 998 



1998 /Vat/o/taf H o «. i h C t 

^r,hor for sin and 





Jars of Clay 

Photos by Randy Miller 

bring kettles of tunes 



ars of Clay brought 
barrels of fun. buckets 
ot narmony, jugs of laughs and kettles 
of tunes Saturday night when they 
played to a packed Moby Arena. The 
popular Top-40 band, whose hit song, 
"Flood," from their self-titled debut 
album, catapulted them from the con- 
fines of Christian audiences to 
mainstream listeners, met with a 
receptive crowd at NYC. No, receptive 
is not the right word. Enthusiastic? 
Maybe. Giddy? Closer. On the edge of 
their homemade pillows in nail-biting 
anticipation? Yes. 

The youth were not disappointed. 
|ars of Clay kicked off their show in 
high gear and never let up. Although 
some of their musical influences — the 
Beatles, Peter Gabriel, the Beach 
Boys — were evident in their tunes, 
they definitely have their own sound, 
rich in layered harmonies, lilting 
melodies, and a driving beat. With two 
albums under their belts, a hit song on 
the charts, and enough pull to open 
for the likes of Sting, one might 
wonder how the little old Church of 
the Brethren ever snagged them. 

"Persistence," explained NYC coor- 
dinator Brian Yoder. "I just kept 
calling and calling until they finally 

called me back." 

But surely they're used to playing 
bigger venues than NYC. Why would 
they include a little group like this one 
on their tour? 

"Actually, this one's fairly big," said 
lead guitarist Stephen Mason, as he 
puttered around the stage in frayed 
blue jeans, Nikes and a T-shirt, hours 
before the concert. "We play at col- 
leges and youth conferences fairly 

Still, for a band that has enjoyed 
such critical and commercial success 
in a relatively short time, one could 
imagine that their hat sizes might have 
increased an inch or two. Not so. 
Instead, they seem remarkably normal 
for rock stars — or for anyone. 

"They even grabbed their own lug- 
gage off the carousel," said Shawn 
Replogle, one of the NYC staff who 
met the band at the Colorado airport. 
"They seemed very appreciative of the 
welcome we gave them." 

Sitting in folding chairs in a vacant 
hallway backstage before the concert, 
Steve and singer Dan Haseltine talked 
about their spiritual influences, and 
about how the band got started. 

"Dan, [keyboardist] Charlie 
[Lowell] and I were roommates at 
Greenville (III.) College," Steve said. 
All of the band members grew up in 

Christian homes, and the types of 
songs they wrote grew out of their 
spiritual orientation. Today, do they 
see their music as a form of ministry, 
or is it more just a performance? 

"Being a Christian, everything in life 
is a ministry," Steve responded. "Our 
music is part of our walk with the 

When asked about the origins of 
their hit song, "Flood," Dan said, "We 
started writing that song in college. It 
is a metaphor for sin and how we can 
drown ourselves in sin. It's really a 
prayer to be lifted out of that situa- 

The name of their band, too, is a 
metaphor, as Dan explained later on 
stage in Moby Arena. It is drawn from 
2 Corinthians 4:7, in which the Apos- 
tle Paul talks about how " we have this 
treasure [God's spirit] in earthen ves- 
sels [our bodies]. . . ." 

Dan says he hopes |ars of Clay can 
help serve as a catalyst for other 
Christian bands to cross over into the 
mainstream of popular music. 

"I think the Christian community 
has isolated itself from the world," he 
said. "We need to be part of it in order 
to influence it." 

Saturday night at NYC, they defi- 
nitely influenced 4,524 young people 
and their advisors. 

SeptomUi- 19 9c 



7998 iVationai (/ o a t k Con^ 

e I"- e n c & 

* One of the dozens of service piojects youth 
signed up for was cleaning- and sorting thou- 
sands of eyeglasses donated for shipment to El 
Sal\ador. Here NYCers don specs for the 

( -\ Michelle Keim. Beacon Heights Church of 
the Brethren. Fort Wayne. Ind. "These aie 
%veird. I think my dad has some like this." 

r Chris Harmon, of the Greenhill Church of 
the Brethren, West Dover. Md.. uses an old 
toothbrush to scrub sjjecs. 


spectacles of tliemselves 


■ ■ ow to spend 
m m your after- 
noons at NYC? Let me count 
the ways. There were — how did Lin- 
coln put it? — at least four score 
workshops or service projects from 
which to choose. 

Among them: Eeyore's Birthday 
Party (are we having fun yet?); Do 
We Have Faith in Washington? (they 
were serious about this); Brethren 
Youth Dating in the 21st Century 
(why rush into things — wait till the 

next millennium); The Gospel of Se.x 
(wait a minute ... I think my Bible is 
missing a chapter), and Mountain 
Dew for the Soul (Pepsi for the 

Several dozen youth spent their 
afternoons cleaning glasses under 
the shelter of the Moby Arena over- 
hang. More than 4,602 were donated 
in a special offering during the 
Wednesday evening worship service. 
Most needed a good overhaul, and 
youth turned out in droves to pick up 
toothbrushes and scrub specs in tubs 

of sudsy water. 

An added incentive to do this was 
the afternoon downpour that discour- 
aged participation in other activities 
scheduled for the great outdoors. On 
Friday, there must have been three 
dozen youth sorting, scrubbing, and 
generally goofing around, trying on 
glasses, many of which had been 
around since the Howdy Doody days. 
Guys wound up looking like Buddy 
Holly; girls, like Lisa Loeb. For some, 
the improvement in appearance was 
astonishing and immediate. 

Se-pt^m Ur- 19 9 8 


7 998 n a t i n a i ^oatk Co/t^er-ence. 

■ lie sraaller tlie 
^ denomination, 
the more imj^ortant 
quantification seems to 
l3e. How many of us Brethren are 
there? Where are we located? What is 
our background? How come 99.999 
percent of us live in Pennsylvania? 

If you're under 19, numbers don't 
really matter. You get home from 
NYC. They ask at your church, "How 
was it?" You tell them, "Cool. There 
were like tons of people from all over." 
What more do you need to say? 

But older folks like numbers. Fool- 
ing around with numbers gives them 
something to do (exhibit A: Annual 
Conference). They like numbers 
almost always except when talking 
about their age. Anyway, you were 
there. You know there were tons of 
people and most of them were just like 
you, or at least they acted like they 
wanted to be just like you. For those 
who weren't there — and those over 
1 9 — here are the numbers: 

— This was the biggest gathering of 
Brethren in one place since the 1 996 
Annual Conference; 4,524 attended 
this NYC (okay, this includes advi- 
sors — but they are very young in their 
thinking). They came from 59 states, 
Germany, Croatia, Mexico, El Sal- 
vador, and Puerto Rico. The ones 
from Germany were especially 
impressed with the efficiency of the 
organization during registration. 

— Every NYC is bigger than the 
last. In 1982, 3,000 attended the 
conference; in 1986: 5,500; in 1990: 
3,500; in 1 994: 4, 1 20. This year, 
more people attended NYC than 
attended Annual Conference. Mem- 
bership in the church at large keeps 
declining, but our youth keep coming 
to these things. Maybe there's hope 
for us after all. 

— A grand total of 1 ,570 youth and 
advisors traveled by whatever means 
possible from Pennsylvania to Col- 
orado. This might sound like 
something to brag about unless you've 
spent a summer in Pennsylvania. 

Scptcmie^ r 99 c 


and 5 


t * t Two ri-iencis 
f'loni the weather. 

sliare shelter 

> > NYC niirs( 
tencLs to a hlistei 

Shai-on Stephens 

' NYCei-s gather for tlieh' daily 
small group session. 


— One person came from each of 
the following states: Georgia, Massa- 
chusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, 
New lersey, Nevada, and Wisconsin. 
These states may be better vacation 
spots than most of us have given 
them credit for. No one wants to 
leave, even to come to NYC. 

— Fifty-one youth, advisors and 
staff came from Frederick, Md. — the 
most from any single church. They 
deserve something for this, don't you 
think? How about a mention in Mes- 
senger? There, that's done. 

— Belly-up to the buffet: NYCers 
ate 8 1 ,452 meals during their week 
at Colorado State University. Most 
of these were consumed in the 
campus cafeterias, despite the menu. 
However, a good many were eaten 
out of cardboard boxes, courtesy of 
Papa John's Pizza. Those delivered 
after the 12 a.m. curfew were taken 
care of handily by those on the NYC 
staff who were foolish enough to be 
up at that hour. 

— Digging deep: Youth and advi- 
sors coughed up $10,015 for Shalom 
Ministries in Tijuana, 4,602 pairs of 
eyeglasses for shipping to El Sal- 
vador, and $7,482 for the NYC 
scholarship fund. They also lugged 
2,412 pounds of canned goods to Ft. 
Collins for the Larimer County Food 
Distribution Center. (Unfortunately, 
no one thought to donate a can 

— Sprains, strains and general funk: 
During the week, 259 people called on 
the medical services staff for sprains, 
strains, stomach viruses, and colds. 
Would they have fared better had they 
been at home? How dangerous is it to 
be a couch potato in Northern Ohio in 
luly? Of course they're going to bang 
themselves up when they hit the Rock- 
ies. It comes with the territory. 
Besides, after they see the NYC 
nurses, they get to impress their 
friends with Barney stickers when they 
leave the dispensary. 

— Some 5,800 NYCers traveled to 
Rocky Mountain National Park to 
hike in the wilderness. 


1998 /y a t i It a ^ ^ o a t k Con^e-i^ence- 

etf Leard 



Ifc:,s1fff-i' "ill 

\ '-';j^^^^ Vl 

r^J^ 1 -m : . J^ ^..^^i^^H 






R,i; ■!, Miiler 

Jim Tomlonson 

Beliind the scenes 

National Youth Conference was cre- 
ated by the NYC steering committee 
and a volunteer staff of three — coor- 
dinator Brian Yoder and assistant 
coordinators |oy Struble and Emily 
Shonk. The three shared personally 
about their faith journeys during the 
Wednesday morning worship service. 

StptcKie.r 7 9 9 8 


J 998 /y a t i n a c Houtk Coit^ef-e/ice 






:i: ♦ 

How to bring NYC liorxie 

NYC worship ser- 
vices are just like 
church services back home, except 
that they're about a hundred times 
bigger, and they're fun. 

A quick glance at the crowd assem- 
bled in Moby Arena at any NYC 
worship leads one to conclude that at 
these services you get to wear any- 
thing you want, you can bring snacks 
(Ted and Lee found plenty when they 
tried to feed the 5,000 during the 
Thursday morning worship) and, 
instead of sitting on hard pews, you 
get to slouch on the floor on pillows — 
some the size of chaise lounge 
cushions. Plus, if you stick around 
afterwards, you get a rock concert. 
Who wouldn't want to go to a church 
that looks to some like one big slum- 
ber party? 

hlow can churches back home com- 
pete with that? Must they rip out their 
pews, provide pillows for everyone, 
hand out snacks, book |ars of Clay, 
and invest in an audio-visual system 
that would drain most district bud- 

NYCers sometimes are disappointed 
when they return home to the same ol' 
same ol' alter their Colorado Rocky 
Mountain high. They naturally want to 
take home some of the great feelings 
and experiences they had at Ft. 

ScpCe.KUi- 7 9 9 8 

Collins. Folks at home are glad they 
had a good time, but sometimes find it 
difficult to grasp what their youth are 
trying to tell them. 

There may be no quick or easy solu- 
tions to transporting the "NYC 
experience" back home, but a few 
NYCers already have come up with 
ideas about how to try to keep the 
spirit alive. Soon after arriving home, 
Wendi Hutchinson, former NYC coor- 
dinator, and eyeglasses cleaning 
director this time, wrote to the COB-L 
electronic Brethren chat line about her 
group's experience. 

"I have been amazed at [our 
group's] enthusiasm," she wrote. 
"One youth is even passing up a trip 
to Disney World in order to be here on 
the 16th [for their group's report to 
the congregation]. They are so excited 
to share what they saw and heard at 

"[Since this] was the largest 
Brethren gathering this year," she