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Details from cover illustration © Durga 


-s God reaches out to touch us, 
we are changed; as we reach out to touch 
the world, we are changed once again, 
and the world is changed through God working in us. 

Give help. Give hope. 

Give life. Gi 

tve now 

One Great Hour of Sharing 

Church of the Brethren offering on March 14 for General Board ministries 
of development and response to refugees, hunger, and disaster. 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevjn Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: VIcki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: This month's 
cover is by the artist Durga 
Bernhard, of Red Hook, 
N.Y., celebrating what she calls the 
"undeniable interconnectedness of life." 
The work, commissioned for the 50th anniver- 
sary of the ecumenical One Great Hour of Sharing 
^T offering emphasis, reveals in its detail a marvelous human 
' mosaic, reminding us of the blessing of diversity, the theme of 
this month's lead articles which begin on page 9. The artist's 
;weep of bright colors is reminiscent of the rainbow, God's 
;ovenant of love. "Red and yellow, black and white, all are pre- 
;ious in His sight." Please note that details from the cover art are 
lighlighted on the inside front cover, opposite this page, remind- 
ng readers that One Great Hour of Sharing comes up in March, 
mother opportunity to celebrate the blessing of diversity. 

Coming next issue 

The March issue features a firsthand report 
'rom the Church of the Brethren delegation to 
he recent Eighth Assembly of the World 
Council of Churches in Harare, Zimbabwe. 


2 From the Publisher 

3 In Touch 
25 Letters 

27 Turning Points 

28 Editorial 


9 What we can do about diversity 

The lanuary birthday of Martin Luther 
King, |r., and the February observance of 
Black History Month are occasions to ask 
what the church can do to promote equal- 
ity for ethnic minorities. In this series by 
leanne lacoby Smith. Brethren pastors 
offer ideas of ways to build a more inclu- 
sive church that enjoys the blessing of 

16 Young adults look inward 

Through Walt Wiltschek's report, readers 
may join the 100 young adults who gath- 
ered in November for the annual 
denominational gathering under the 
theme, "Looking In, Reaching Out." 

18 Ministry Summer Service 

Now in its fourth year, this exciting pro- 
gram gives interns a chance to serve a 
church under a mentor for 10 weeks. And 
it gives churches a role in calling and shap- 
ing those exploring ministry. Lives are 
changed on both sides. 

20 Congregations need ethics, too 

Is your church a good employer? Does 
your church obey the law — even copyright 
law? These questions and others received 
spirited discussion during a series of work- 
shops in Virlina District. Congregational 
Life Teams helped bring about these and 
other events reported here. 

23 Lying, perjury, and Jesus 

With all the attention to lying under oath 
in high places, ordinary lying may not 
seem so bad. Here Dale W. Brown puts 
perjury into Brethren perspective, and 
explains why oaths don't help the cause of 

January/February 1999 Messenger 1 


While I was out of the country for several weeks, my e-mail inbox crashed and 
burned. No, this problem had nothing to do with Y2K. Apparently the inbox 
developed a continuous loop, sending itself thousands of pieces of mail. Eventually it 
tied the office network up in knots. Though our computer experts tried to save the 
contents of the inbox, everything was lost. 

Since there wasn't anything I could do about it, I found myself moving quickly 
from regret to relief. After all, I had expected to spend a day or more reading the 
hundreds of messages that would have piled up during my absence. Instead, I spent 
my first days back catching up with old-fashioned mail from the post office and the 
fax machine. 

I'll never know what I missed, and I hope that most of my electronic correspon- 
dents knew I was out of town. But there was one thing I didn't mind losing: There's 
a nice void where I used to have a backlog of old mail. It's not that e-mail is bad. It's 
just that I hang on to too many of the old messages. I had an embarrassing amount 
stored in case I ever needed to refer to it, and frankly was having trouble keeping the 
quantity under control. Suddenly, that was all taken care of. 

I rather like the symbolism of starting the new year with a clean slate. Perhaps I 
can keep my new inbox tidy, since it isn't yet inhabited by my old habits. 

Perhaps I will be inspired to delete those things in my life that keep me from 
moving forward. 

Perhaps I will recognize my folly when I get caught in continuous loops that 
siphon off energy into fruitless efforts. 

While losing a month's worth of correspondence is drastic, maybe 1 can use the 
experience to remind myself of the importance of leaving the past behind and 
moving energetically into the future. I want to remember the past, but not cling to 
the past. "Forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, I 
press on toward the goal. . ." (Phil. 5:13). 

In the meantime, please forgive me if I neglected to answer your recent mail. 
Blame it on premillennial tribulation. 


How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 
Fax: (847) 742-6103 
Phone: (847) 742-5100 

Subscription rates: 

$16.50 individual rate 
$12.50 church individual plan 
$1 0.50 church group plan 
$10.50 gift subscriptions 

If you move, clip address labi 
and send with new address t 
Messenger Subscriptions, at tf 
above address. Allow at least fix 
weeks for address change. 

Connect electronically: 

For a free subscription to 
Newsline, the weekly Church 
of the Brethren e-mail news 
report, call (800) 323-8039, exi 
263, or write cobnews@aol.con 

To view the official Church of 
the Brethren Web site, point 
your browser to http://www. 

Messenger is the official publication of the Chun 
of the Brethren. Entered as periodica! postage matt 
Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct. 1 
1917. Filing date, Nov. I, 1984. Member of ll 
Associated Church Press. Subscriber to Religic 
News Service & Ecumenical Press Service. Biblit 
quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are fro 
the New Revised Standard Version, Messenger 
published 1 1 times a year by Brethren Press, Chun 
of the Brethren General Board, Periodical posta] 
paid at Elgin, 111,, and at additional mailing olfic 
March 1998, Copyright 1998, Church of the Brethn 
General Board, ISSN 0026-0355, 
Postmaster: Send address changes to Messence 
1451 DundeeAve.. Elgin. 1L60120, 


Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger January/February 1999 



Artist Eric Davis began this painting at the beginning of a worship service last November at La Verne Church of the 
Brethren and finished it at the close of worship. 

La Verne artist's work is 'in God's Hands 


The Alternative Christmas Faire of the La Verne (Calif.) Church of the Brethren 
raised $10,700 to benefit Church World Service, Heifer Project, Habitat for Human- 
ity, and Pomona-Inland Valley Council of Churches. The painting "In God's Hands," by 
Eric Davis, brought $ 1 ,000 in the silent auction. 

January/February 1999 Mkssencer 3 


Kentucky Mountain 
Housing director retires 

M. Dwayne Yost, the 
founder and executive 
director of Kentucky 
Mountain Housing Devel- 
opment Corporation, 
retired in December after 
25 years in that position. 
The Church of the Brethren 
was influential in helping to 
begin Kentucky Mountain 
Housing, which has built 
more than 500 houses and 
rehabbed 365 more for low- 
income families in 
southeastern Kentucky. 
Yost writes that the housing 
work began in 1973 after 
the Church of the Brethren 
and Red Bird Mission, affil- 
iated with the United 
Methodist Church, agreed 
to pay his salary for a year. 
Then the Church of the 

Friend of Mkssencek honored 

Lois Myers of the Broadwater Church of the Brethren, 
Essex, Mo., was honored recently for 41 years of ser- 
vice as the congregation's Mf.ssi-ngkr representative. 

A friend writes: "For many years this small rural church 
had 100 percent Mhssf.ngiiR subscriptions. Mfssengp.r has 
been our window to the brotherhood and the activities of 
our missionaries around the world. Members tell of sharing 
their Messenger with non-members when the Women's 
Agricultural Extension club would meet in their home." 

Brethren SHARE program 
contributed $100,000 over 
5 years toward the con- 
struction of the initial 
houses. Wil Nolen, who 
represented the Church of 
the Brethren during those 
beginning efforts and is 
now president of Brethren 
Benefit Trust, was present 
for Kentucky Mountain 
Housing's 25th anniversary 
celebration in October. 

Yost plans to continue his 
life of service as pastor of 
two rural churches. Flat 
Creek Church of the 
Brethren and Mud Lick 
Church of the Brethren, 
both near Manchester, Ky. 

Frank Keath's faith 
reflected in music 

"Music draws me in. For 
me, music is worship." 
That's how Frank Keath 
accounts for a unique min- 
istry that has touched the 
lives of many people in his 
church and community. 

Music for Frank began 
with singing in high school 
and at Elizabethtown (Pa.) 
College, where he joined 
student deputation teams 
that visited churches. His 
singing continued when he 
became a member of the 
Chambersburg (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren. 
Besides serving there as 
youth choir director for 12 
years, he has been both 
soloist and faithful member 
of the church choir and 
recently became part of a 
newly formed eight-voice 

Frank finds in music a 
way to testify to his faith in 
lesus Christ. In recent 
years, this testimony has 
taken the form of concerts 
that include dramatized 
interpretations of Christ's 
life, death, and resurrec- 
tion. He enlists the help of 

fellow church members and 
friends as actors, musi- 
cians, and other 
participants to bring the 
words and music to life. 
Most of these concerts have 
been offered as benefits for 
a variety of people and 
causes. One of his concerts 
took place at the 1 996 
Annual Conference in 
Cincinnati. Volunteering 
time, talent, and the funds 
to produce these concerts 
has become a major com- 
mitment for Frank and his 
wife Mary Sue. 

Frank Kealh 

What does he hope will 
happen at his concerts? "I 
want the people who attend 
to strengthen their relation- 
ship with Christ," Frank 
says. "I always include an 
invitation for people to 
make a commitment or a 
recommitment to Him." He 
counts as one of his per- 
sonal rewards the way he 
has seen these concerts 
draw participants together 
as they plan, rehearse, and 
offer their gifts. 

Encouraged by a musi- 
cian friend, Frank has 
begun writing his own 
songs. He usually composes 
with the help of his guitar. 
When asked which comes 
first, the words or the tune, 

4 Messenger January/February 1999 

tie says it varies. "Some- 
dmes I have a tune 
running through my head 
and I find words to go 
with it; other times 1 write 
the words first and then 
write the music." 

The resuhs of his cre- 
ative work can be heard on 
his first CD, "As You Are." 
Seven of the 10 songs on it 
are his own compositions. 
He has been working on 
more songs for another 
possible CD. 

What lies ahead? "I 
hope for an opportunity to 
take this ministry into 
other communities," Frank 
says. He has no illusions 
about achieving fame with 
his music. "Whether or 
not that happens is no big 
thing for me." 

What is a "big thing" for 
him is the message in the 
songs he sings. "I want my 
music to help people of 
faith grow in Christ," 
Frank says. He says it with 
a quiet conviction that is 
evident in both his music 

I and his life. 

[, — Kenneth L. Gibble 
(Inquiries about schedul- 

'ing a concert, purchasing a 
CD. and other information 

\can be addressed to Franic 
Keath. 1530 Wilson Ave.. 
Chambersbiirg. PA 17201 
or to e-mail address: 
fkeath(cvinnernet. net. ) 

Fairview church marks 
100 years of service 

Fairview Church of the 
Brethren, Floyd, Va., 
observed its centennial in 
1998. The church began in 
1898 with members seated 
on logs where the present 
building now stands, 
according to The Floyd 
Press, which featured the 
church in a November 
article. The present build- 
ing was built in 1900, a 

joint effort between Bap- 
tists and Brethren. 

Glen Sage began as 
pastor of the congregation 
in November, succeeding 
Ralph Spradling, who died 
Aug. 29 last year. The 
church parking lot was 
paved and an accessibility 
ramp to the front entrance 
was added in Spradling"s 

Greene church gathers 
at the river for baptism 

More than 40 people from 
the Greene (Iowa) Church 
of the Brethren sang 
"Shall We Gather at the 
River" on the banks of the 
Shell Rock River last fall 
to witness Pastor Gene 
Burry baptize Mark and 
Mike Edwards. "It has 
been more than 50 years 
since the Church of the 
Brethren has sponsored a 
baptism in the Shell 
Rock," observed the local 
newspaper, which covered 
the event. Mike Edwards 
said he wanted to be bap- 
tized in a river because 
lesus was baptized in a 

Anabaptist Heritage 
Center being planned 

Plans have been 
announced to build an 
Anabaptist Heritage 
Center on a 19-acre site at 
Harrisonburg, Va. The 
vision for the complex 
includes a museum and 
research center, a confer- 
ence center, a restaurant, 
an inn, and gift shops. A 
committee hopes for a 
groundbreaking in mid- 
1999, according to an 
article in the Harrisonburg 
Daily News Record. 

Five acres of land have 
been donated for the site. 

The 16-member steering 
committee for the center 
has recently been reconsti- 
tuted to include half of its 
members to be Mennon- 
ites and half of them 

The center "will be a 
place to exhibit artifacts, 
to do research on our 

denominational histories, 
to reflect on our core faith 
values, and to celebrate 
our responses to the cul- 
tural and historical events 
of the past and present," 
writes Emmert F. Bittinger 
of Bridgewater, Va., a 
Brethren member of the 
steering committee. 

Dean Egge with scidpturc. 

Christ sculpture is artist's 
anniversan gift to church 

Dean Egge, a wood sculptor and member of the 
Williamson Road Church of the Brethren, Roanoke, 
Va.. on Nov. 22 presented his congregation with a sculp- 
ture he had made for the church's 50th anniversary. 

Egge comments on the sculpture: "About a year ago I 
made a sketch of a Christ-like figure for a sculpture I was 
going to give as a gift for the church anniversary. I looked 
for a log that had a Christ figure in it. After working on 
the sculpture for some time, I was ready to start develop- 
ing the face. The face must express caring, humility, and 
understanding. I saturate myself with the feeling and atti- 
tude that I hope to sculpt. Then the gouge in my hand 
seems to respond and the face appears. The head and the 
hands form a triangle to remind us of the Trinity. The 
body is clothed in a tunic and a cloak. The Christ-figure 
seems to say, T am the Truth, believe my words and you 
will be blessed.'" 

Egge is a longtime member of the Association for the 
Arts in the Church of the Brethren . 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we would like you to meet. Send story 
ideas and photos to "In Touch." Messenger. 1451 Dundee Ave.. 
Elgin. IL 60120. 

January/February 1999 Messenger 5 


Church responds to Central 
America, Caribbean disasters 

The Church of the Brethren contin- 
ues to respond to the many needs 
created by hurricanes Georges and 
Mitch, which struck the Caribbean 
and Central America in late fall. 

The General Board has sent former 
staff member Yvonne Dilling to Cen- 
tral America to assess the needs, plan 
the Board's long-term response, and 
assist organizations that have been 
partners with the Brethren. Before 
long-term projects can be estab- 
lished, governments of affected 
countries must deal with such mat- 
ters as repairing bridges and 
redesignating property, as entire sec- 
tions of land were washed away. 

Although firsthand assistance is 

Brethren Volunteer Service Unit #230, sponsored by Brethren Revival Fellowship 
coiupleled orientation at Roxbury, Pa., in August. Front row: Ruby Shenk 
(orientation staff). Denise Negley, folene Lehman. Doris Bender. Back row: 
John Shenk (orientation staff), Ben Stover Barlow, Corby Russell, Dennis 
Bender All six volunteers are serving in Lewiston, Maine. Ben Barlow and 
jolene Lehman are serving at the Lewiston Area Mission School, while the rest 
are at the Good Shepherd Food Bank. This is Doris Bender's second time in 
BVS. She served in Lewiston in 1985/1984. 

not currently needed, Dilling said 
financial contributions to the Gen- 
eral Board's Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries for the 
relief effort are needed. 

A grant of $50,000 from ER/SM's 
Emergency Disaster Fund was 
approved to support rebuilding pro- 
jects in the Dominican Republic, 
following Hurricane Georges. Four- 
teen people from McPherson 
College, led by Brethren Dale Min- 
nich, were to spend 1 7 days there in 
January cleaning and making home 

ER/SM is establishing a recovery 
project in the Dominican Republic. 
Guillermo Encarnacion, a Church of 
the Brethren member originally from 
the Dominican Republic, will spend 
about five weeks establishing the 
project, [an and Roma |o Thompson 
of Glendale (Ariz.) Church of the 
Brethren will serve as the project's 
initial directors. People interested in 
volunteering for the project should 
contact lane Yount at 
jyount_gb(5' or at 800- 

Glenn Kinsel of ER/SM has trav- 
eled to Puerto Rico twice recently to 
assess possible recovery efforts in 
response to Georges. One such pro- 
ject, in Caimito, is already underway 
under the supervision of |orge 
Rivera, associate executive of 
Atlantic Southeast District. 

A new Church of the Brethren dis- 
aster response project began in 
lanuary in Castafier, Puerto Rico. 
Wilbur and Nancy Morris will serve 
as project directors, supervising 
rebuilding projects, particularly the 
replacement of roofs that were blown 
off by Hurricane Georges. Although 
volunteer slots are filled through 
March, workers are needed for April, 

6 Messenger January/February 1999 

May, and |une. 

The need for "Gifts of the Heart" 
kits and quilts in Central America 
continues to be great. Two 40-foot 
containers were sent to Honduras 
from the Brethren Service Center in 
New Windsor, Md. Together they 
weighed 30 tons and were filled with 
18,750 health kits, nearly 12,000 
quilts, and medical supplies. 

A $3,000 allocation from the 
Emergency Disaster Fund was 
granted for work in western Ukraine. 
Through Church World Service, this 
money will assist victims of Hooding 
caused by heavy rains. 

Riemans head for tribal peace 
conference in south Sudan 

A peace summit of unprecedented 
proportions between the Nuer and 
Dinka tribes in southern Sudan is 
planned for lanuary and February, 
and is being attended by Phil and 
Louie (Louise) Rieman, pastors of 
I Wabash (Ind.) Church of the 

The purpose of this conference, 
which grows out of accords reached 
lin June, is to bring peace and unity 
ibetween these tribal groups and to 
foster a climate where peace is possi- 
ible on a wider basis. The gathering is 
Ithe largest of its kind; the expected 
attendance of 2,000-6,000 will 
include 500-600 delegates. A cross 
section of the local population will be 
at the event — people representing 
the church and military communities 
as well as many others. The intent is 
to air grievances, tell stories, and 
reach a point of reconciliation where 
they can "kill the bull" for celebra- 

"We hope many bulls die," said 
one Sudanese leader. The Riemans, 

who served as missionaries in Sudan 
for 3 1/2 years, have been granted a 
two-month leave from their pas- 
torate. Their expenses are being 
covered by the General Board's 
Global Mission Partnerships Office. 
Many European and US church 
groups and individuals are expected 
to assist in supportive roles, like the 
Riemans, who will provide back- 
ground coordinating assistance 
primarily from the New Sudan 
Council of Churches' offices in 

N. Koreans gather acorns for 
food; clinics lack clean water 

While the efforts of the international 
community have helped North Korea 
stave off an even worse food emer- 
gency, the east Asian nation still has 
a long way to go in order to feed its 
23 million people. Even with a stable 
growing season, this past summer's 
grain harvest was over 1 million tons 
short of the 4.5 million tons needed 
to supply basic needs. 

One welcome development is that 
there are signs that the North Korean 
government is more open to assis- 
tance in reforming its agricultural 
system to make it more productive. 

A recent United Nations nutri- 
tional assessment highlighted the 
ongoing difficulties faced by North 
Korea. Some 62 percent of all chil- 
dren were found to be malnourished, 
including 30 percent of children 
between one and two experiencing 
moderate to severe malnutrition, 
which is likely to impair physical and 
mental development. At least 1 mil- 
lion people are thought to have 
perished from food-related maladies 
over the past 3 years. 

Even places of healing need help. 

as the survey found that not one of 
814 hospitals and clinics assessed 
had water fit for human consump- 
tion. Most hospitals also lacked 
medicines, had no glass to replace 
broken windows, and were colder 
inside than out, having received no 
coal since 1994. 

On a recent trip to the troubled 
nation, Dr. Kim |oo, who has been a 
consultant for Brethren relief efforts, 
gave this firsthand vignette: "I saw 
tens of thousands of people gather- 
ing acorns in the mountains. They 
looked so miserable, they were 
starved, they were dirty, they slept 
right there on the mountain." Acorns 
are a welcome supplement to diets 
that regularly include cornstalks and 

The Church of the Brethren is not 
finished in its response to the North 
Korea crisis, according to Brethren 
Witness director David Radcliff, who 
manages the Global Food Crisis 
Fund. The Fund will be considering 
another major North Korean appeal 
in the coming months. 

New ER/SM manager, other 
staff changes announced 

Stanley Noffsinger has been named 
manager of the Church of the 
Brethren General Board's Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries, etfec- 
tive |une 1 5. 

Noffsinger has a bachelor's degree 
from Manchester College, North 
Manchester. Ind., a certificate in 
Total Quality Management from 
Wichita State University, and train- 
ing and experience in international 
living. He is currently managing two 
medical clinics and is the physician 
placement coordinator for 1 1 loca- 
tions in South Central Kansas. 

January/February 1999 Messenger 7 


Bob Pittman and Marianne 
Rhoades Pittman are serving as 
interim co-managers of ER/SM until 
Noffsinger tai<es over in |une. 

•Roger Golden has been named by 
the Association of Brethren Care- 
givers to serve as its coordinator of 
centralized services. Golden comes 
to this new position from Pleasant 
Hill Village, the Brethren home in 
Girard, 111., where he served as chap- 
lain and director of development. 
Golden will provide leadership to the 
Fellowship of Brethren Homes. 

•Tim McElwee began Jan. 1 as 
Manchester College's vice president 
of institutional advancement. He had 
been serving the college as director 
of development. 

•Sidney King, part-time executive of 
Idaho District, retired on Dec. 3 1 . She 
had held this position since 1989. 

•Sue Snyder's last day of employ- 
ment with the Church of the 
Brethren General Board was |an 8. 
Snyder joined the Board's staff in 
|une 1988 and had been serving as 
assistant to the executive director. 

•Manny Diaz resigned as part-time 
staff for the General Board's Area 4 
Congregational Life Team, effective 
Jan. 5 I , to become campus minister at 
McPherson (Kan.) College. 

•Don Myers has resigned as part- 
time staff for the Church of the 
Brethren General Board's Area 1 
Congregational Life Team, effective 
Jan. 5 1 . Myers joined the General 
Board staff in February. 

•Nada Sellers has resigned as 
part-time staff for the Church of the 
Brethren General Board's Area 5 
Congregational Life Team, effective 
Nov. 6. Sellers, who joined the Gen- 
eral Board staff in January, is 
returning to hospice chaplaincy. 

•|ohn Thomas has been named 
financial resource counselor for the 
General Board's funding office. He 

will cover the Plains states. He was a 
regional director for CROP for 15 
years, and was a teacher for 6 years 
and administrator for 16 years in the 
public schools of Missouri, Iowa, 
and Oklahoma. 

•Kathryn Radcliff, of Elgin, ill., 
resigned as president of Brethren 
Employees Credit Union, effective 
Oct. 3 1 . While Radcliff remains with 
the credit union as collections man- 
ager, Josie Buan-Hickman is serving 
as interim office manager. 

Boise or bust: Conference 
goes back to campus in 2003 

The 2003 Church of the Brethren 
Annual Conference will be held July 5- 
9 at Boise State University in Idaho. 

That decision, made late last year 
by the Annual Conference Program 
and Arrangements Committee, 
reflects the long-standing rotation 
schedule that calls for Conference to 
be held in the far northwest in 2003. 
It also is a response to an increasing 
call from Annual Conference atten- 
dees for the yearly meeting to be held 
again on a university campus. Annual 
Conferences through 2002 will each 
be held at convention centers. 

Business and worship will be held 
at The Pavilion, a 9,000-seat arena, 
while exhibits and smaller meetings 
will be held nearby. Meals will be 
served in the student union. Housing 
will be available in dorms and in 
nearby inns and hotels. 

Other Annual Conferences previ- 
ously announced include: 
Milwaukee, |une 29 - July 4, 1999: 
Kansas City, July 15-19, 2000; Balti- 
more, June 50 - July 4, 2001; 
Louisville, June 29 - July 3, 2002. 

A new format is on tap for Annual 
Conference beginning in 2000. 
Instead of the traditional Tuesday- 
Sunday format, conferences of the 

future will begin Saturday evening 
and will conclude at noon Wednesday. 

Shifting medical insurance 
may cost retirees more 

Church of the Brethren retirees whose 
pensions are with the Brethren Benefit 
Trust received a one-time additional 
payment on Dec. 15, 1998, which was 
equal to an extra month's benefit. This 
benefit was sent to all plan members 
who retired on or before Sept. 1 . 
These members also received a one- 
percent increase for 1999. 

These two benefits were approved 
by the Brethren Benefit Trust board, 
which met Nov. 20-21 in Lancaster, 
Pa. At that meeting the board learned 
that the Brethren Medical Plan staff 
is working to move all medical plan 
groups to fully insured insurance 
arrangements as quickly as possible. 
According to Jeff Garber, director of 
insurance plans, most agencies that 
have completed the transition have 
saved money. 

For groups in the self-funded plan 
that are waiting for a fully insured 
arrangement, there will be no premium 
increase in 1999, as Garber anticipates 
having all groups converted to a fully 
insured arrangement by April. 

The move to a fully insured med- 
ical plan has generated good news in 
the form of premium savings for 
active members. But most insurance 
companies do not want to cover the 
retired members. Thus, about 300 
retirees of the Brethren Ministers 
Group received premium increases 
between 36 and 41 percent. 

The board acknowledged that there 
is no long-term solution to the 
higher premiums. As a stopgap mea- 
sure, it authorized using up to 
$550,000 from medical reserves to 
subsidize retiree premium costs over 
a two-year period. 

8 Messenger January/February 1999 

Diversity at the corner 
of Poplar and Main 

A call to action on inclusivity 

BY Jeanne 
Jacoby Smith 


uring the past decade 
Brethren have 
become aware of ethnic groups 

in their midst. Bakimore First 
Church of the Brethren generated the 
denomination's first blaci< modera- 
tor, the late WilHam Hayes. The 
Tokahookaadi Navajo church in New 
Mexico reminds us that Native 
Americans are among our numbers. 
Korean sisters and brothers on the 
West Coast have knocked on the 
denominational door asking for a 
church home. 

It is thrilling to see what was once 
a German immigrant sect growing in 
diversity. Yet there is a paradox here, 
because long before we saw diversity 
in the North American church, the 
denominational door was open to 
include sisters and brothers from 

Somehow it seemed appropriate to 
take the gospel to Africa, to Ecuador, 
to Haiti. But when it came to minister- 
ing to God's children of color at Poplar 
and Main, like other denominations 
with a preponderance of Euro-Ameri- 
cans, Brethren had problems. 

Back in 1719 when Brethren set- 
tled in the colonies, they were people 
of the land clinging to Germanic 
world views to survive. As their 
descendants assimilated into Ameri- 
can society, they suppressed the 
persecutions of past generations. 
Today, the church is opening itself to 
diversity because of the New Testa- 
ment mandate to love. Yet the subtle 
reality remains: in day-to-day living, 
the church is entrenched in cultural 
norms that turn many minorities 

If Christianity had come to North 

America through Africa or Latin 
America rather than through Europe, 
what form might it have taken? Such 
a hypothetical question might be 
considered moot until one examines 
future demographics. Experts say 
that by the year 2020 more than half 
the children in the United States will 
be something other than Caucasian. 
If the church continues to define 
itself by mainly Germanic perspec- 
tives, it could outgrow its function in 
tomorrow's world. 

lames Boyer. professor at Kansas 
State University and pastor of a pre- 
dominantly black church, claims that 
"equity and diversity are fundamental 
elements of American ideology, but 
they have been violated consistently by 
most major American institutions." 
Brethren cannot hear Boyer's statement 
without feeling an element of chagrin 
for the church's sin of omission. At the 
local church door when Christians of 
color approach and say, "I believe," 
they often do not feel welcome and 
turn away. 

For 290 years Brethren have stood 
tall when responding to a world in 
need. Did not the denomination 
found Church World Service, CROP, 
and Heifer Project? Are we not 
responsible for Brethren Volunteer 
Service? If we define our niche in 
Christendom, would it not be Service 
to others with a capital S? 

The answer is an emphatic Yes. In 
outreach the church rates second to 
none. Then why do our churches 
lack diversity? If we do so well with 
outreach, might we need some help 
with inreach? 

Building an inclusive church 

Fifteen Brethren congregations with 
diverse memberships were asked the 
question, "What can churches do to 

create a welcoming atmosphere 
where persons of diverse back- 
grounds will feel at home?" 
Overwhelmingly, pastors agreed on 
four imperatives. 

Define who you are as Brethren before 
engaging persons of multi-ethnic back- 

"We live in a post-denominational 
world," says Frank Portee of Imper- 
ial Heights church in Los Angeles. 
"To attract and retain persons of all 
backgrounds, it is critical to define 
who the Brethren are." 

Pastor Gilbert Romero of the Bella 
Vista congregation, also in Los 
Angeles, provides one definition; 
"peace, love feast, trine immersion, 
the priesthood of all believers, and 
the right of women and men to min- 
ister in the church." 

Pastors who are straightforward 
about these issues when newcomers 
join the church avert serious con- 
flicts later, he contends. "If everyone 
comes to the table with common 
understandings, all are winners." 

"Brethren ideals dovetail with the 
multicultural vision," says Manny 
Diaz, pastor at the Lake Charles 
congregation in Louisiana. "The 
three ideals from Schwarzenau that 
we uphold are unconditional love, 
continual relevance of the Scriptures, 
and no force in religion." To focus 
on issues of peace, his baby boomer 
congregation erected a peace pole 
and sponsors events on racial har- 
mony and peacemaking in the family. 

Gerald Rhoades at Harrisburg 
(Pa.) First church cites social action 
and scriptural relevance as defining 
characteristics. "Our church repre- 
sents an appealing middle ground 
resonating somewhere between Pen- 
tecostal and Catholic." he explains. 

//February 1999 Messenger 9 

Diversity is a summer picnic ii'/V/; First Church. Chicago. Here is Jim fones uii llie giiiUir and Katie Leniuiii on violin. 

"When the Brethren began in Ger- 
many, we did not eonform to 
majority ways. Brothers and sisters 
ol' other cuUures help us restore that 

Chicago First church filters the 
Brethren identity through distinc- 
tively American issues. "Caucasian 
Brethren can only accept others as 
equals," says the pastor, Orlando 
Redekopp, "when they face uncon- 
scious racism and realize that 
privilege and power have come to 
them by virtue of the color of their 
skin." Such soul-searching enables 
the church to understand the anger 
and hurt that some diverse peoples 
bring with them. 

lames Eikenberry of ACTS 
Covenant Fellowship in Lancaster, 
Pa., concurs. "To be white in our 
society means you don't have to 
think about your identity. But being 
a person of color means thinking 
about it every day." 

Brethren must be committed to accepting 
ethnically different persons as equals. 

In the church the ethnically different 
person may experience rejection 
through subtle patterns of prejudice 
which ignore his or her existence. 
Many who live in low socioeconomic 
conditions or with racism are in a 
battle for survival emotionally, eco- 
nomically, and culturally. When they 
seek church homes, they need to feel 
wanted and valued. Do we ask per- 
sons of color to serve on church 
committees, to teach church school, 
to sit on the board? The church must 
invite persons of color to become 

active and welcome their perspec- 
tives when they do. 

"Up-front minority leadership in 
the church must be out of proportion 
to its numbers in the congregation," 
says Gerald Rhoades. Diverse per- 
sons need visibility to assure 
newcomers that they will feel at 
home. Darius Smith, an African- 
American pastor with the Dundalk 
congregation in Baltimore, preaches 
every month, bringing his musical 
talents to the worship. Diverse con- 
gregations believe it is vitally 
important for minority children to 
see their parents and elders in lead- 
ership roles. 

Chicago First church aspires 
toward a strong African -American 
leadership core. Sixty-five percent of 
its members are black, with the 
remainder Hispanic and Anglo. The 
latter group constitutes the majority 
of college-educated members. To 
maintain balance, the congregation 
includes non-college people in lead- 
ership roles. "There may be rough 
edges, but the church's commitment 
is intentionally multicultural," says 

Gilbert Romero suggests that con- 
gregations send delegates of color to 
Annual Conference and District 

Because of differences in the way some 
cultural groups express their faith, 
churches must be willing to vary tradi- 
tional worship styles. 

Traditional Euro-American worship 
services create an objective separa- 
tion of the person and the message. 

Many cultures, however, rely upon 
oral lluency and human relationships 
to transmit important values. Formal, 
prescribed litanies and prayers 
directly conflict with socialization 
styles of many ethnic groups. 

Here Brethren can learn from his- 
tory: Throughout the centuries the 
church has blossomed most prolifi- 
cally when the gospel assimilated to 
the cultures it wished to serve. 

What might this mean for the 
church? First, Euro-American 
Brethren should not deny their west- 
ern acculturation. They can, 
however, enhance Sunday worship, 
the avenue by which they reach most 
people first, by sensitively incorpo- 
rating multicultural elements into 
services on a regular basis. Simple, 
inclusive acts give ethnic minorities 
points of identification, the feeling 
that "this is my church, too." 

Wayne Sutton of Miami First 
church in Florida suggests that 
churches regularly ask their diverse 
members to pray the congregational 
prayer, sing solos, and preach. "In 
our congregation we've found a 
blend of styles that allows all mem- 
bers to worship in their traditions 

The Cornerstone Christian congre- 
gation in Lebanon, Pa., adapted its 
style to appeal to African -Americans 
and Latinos. To accomplish this, the 
church incorporated Congo drums 
and synthesizers. "For one who sings 
opera as I do," says pastor Bob 
Krouse, "it's a radical change." 

Lake Charles (La.) and ACTS 
Covenant (Lancaster, Pa.) also 

10 Ml ssENGRR January/February 1999 

moved to contemporary 
music, with the Lancaster 
group drawing heavily on 
African and Latino themes. 
Lal<;e Charles, which targets 
baby boomers, features con- 
temporary drama and rock 
music in their services. 
Manny Diaz, pastor, face- 
tiously relates that "members 
think (esus was a Cajun: they 
have gumbo for love feast." 
The Lower Miami congre- 
gation in Dayton, Ohio, has 
not altered its worship style, 
but rather focuses on black 
Brethren heroes and African - 
American history, especially 
during Black History Month 
in February. Pastor Ron 
McAdams explains, "We sing 
the black national anthem, 'Lift 
Every Voice and Sing,' from the 
Brethren hymnal every chance we 
get." The church has been a multi- 
cultural congregation since the 
1950s, when it lost many of its mem- 
bers to the suburbs. 

rhe church must enrich every aspect of pro- 
gramming with multicultural content. 

What do minorities think when they 
see themselves reflected in the mirror 
of the church? Do church school 
curricula reflect diversity, from 
implicit messages of pictures on the 

Cuffie. among others. 
Authentic research calls not 
just for articles about these 
people, but for writings from 
their perspectives, too. While 
stories of German roots 
must be recounted so that 
Euro-American members 
recall who and why they are, 
the church must honor 
others' traditions for they 
also ha\'e histories to share. 


Janelle Clary reads tu chiUlrcn fruiii ilie McPhersoii 
CIniivh of the Brethren. 

page to explicit messages taught in 

lust as children learn about |ohn 
Kline, William Beahm, Anna Mow, 
and other Euro- Brethren, so should 
they learn about minority heroes and 
heroines. Samuel Weir, former slave, 
became an ordained Brethren minis- 
ter in Frankfort, Ohio, in 1881. |ohn 
T. Lewis, a black Brethren, was pro- 
totype for Mark Twain's )im in The 
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. 

For some years. Messenger has 
published articles on prominent 
ethnic leaders — the late William 
Hayes, Frank Ramirez, and Barbara 


final question persists. If 
the church opens itself 
to diverse influences, will 
that not change the Brethren 
identity? Will Brethren still 
be Brethren? 
The answer is yes, of course. 
And no. 
Like multiple circles overlapping, 
we will celebrate each others' per- 
sonal journeys, yet blend together at 
the point of faith. 

German roots have shaped how 
Brethren think and worship for nearly 
300 years. As the 21st century dawns, 
change beckons. Together we must 
redefine our heritage and open our it 
eyes to a bright new day. > 5 

leanne jacoby Smith, a member of the 
McPherson Church of the Brethren. MePherson. 
Kiin.. is assistant professor of Englisli and cur- 
riculum unci instruction at McPherson College. 

Urban Ministries meeting to address concerns of minorities 

"Urban Ministries Consultation" is the prosaic name 
being given to an exciting grassroots gathering 
planned for Feb. 19-21 in Kansas City, Kan. The 
meeting will bring together Church of the Brethren 
persons interested in pressing the denomination to 
become more ethnically inclusive. 

"We are marginalized and not really acknowl- 
edged," says Belita Mitchell, an ethnic minority and 
member of the Imperial Heights congregation in Los 
Angeles. "There are some in our denomination who 
don't have any interest in becoming more inclusive." 

The planned consultation grew out of discussions 
among people whose ethnic church experiences 
"have left them feeling a great need for support, 
sharing, healing, and bridgebuilding," according to 
conference materials. The theme is "Clothed with 
Christ in Diversity and Unity." Meetings will be at 

First Central Church of the Brethren in Kansas City. 
For more information call 915-281-5760. 

Organizers say some who had worked on ethnic 
and minority issues in the past were embittered by 
some decisions that were made and initiatives 
dropped during the General Board redesign process. 
They hope to not only discuss problems of the past 
but to form a coalition that will work on new pro- 

Mitchell said the Church of the Brethren will be 
stronger when it finds ways to be more open to 
minorities. "We have had far too many churches 
closing because they refused to open up and invite 
those who are coming into the area different from 
themselves," she said. "In many cases, Sunday 
morning is still one of the most segregated times in 

V'/Febru.irv 1999 Messenger 11 

Where does your church go from here? 

How can your church create a 
welcoming atmosphere where 
persons of diverse backgrounds will 
feel at home? 

In three short years, Jesus trans- 
formed a Samaritan, Levite, tax 
collector, fishermen, and countless 
others into his disciples. Surely we, 
as his church, can do the same. 

Pastors in our survey suggested 
guidelines for churches committed to 
changing their complexions. To help 
your church bridge the culture gap, 
10 are listed below. 

Discern the type of congregation that 
meets your community's needs. 

Pastor Frank Portee, Imperial 
Heights church, Los Angeles, sug- 
gests paid interpreters for 
second-language speakers. Cur- 
rently, his mostly black congregation 
shares its facility with a Latino 
group, but his dream is to strengthen 
relationships so they can build a 
team ministry, making worship ser- 
vices accessible through interpreters. 

The Lincoln (Neb.) congregation 
engages an English-as-a-second-lan- 
guage teacher to lead a Sunday 
school class where the Bible is read 
in Cambodian, then discussed in 

"First -generation Cambodians 
came to church out of gratitude," 
says co-pastor Christy Dowdy. 
"Now, the second generation is 
searching the Scriptures to learn why 
they are here." 
Dowdy claims the 
Sunday school class 
has drawn families 
back to the fold. 
Finding Christian 
education resources 
in the Cambodian 
language remains a 
major challenge. 

To promote the 
"priesthood of all 
believers," ACTS 
Covenant Fellow- 
ship, Lancaster, Pa., 
divides its congrega- 
tion into small house 

churches led by non-salaried house 
church pastors. Several from diverse 
backgrounds bring their gifts to the 
congregational mix. 

Miami First church in Florida 
rotates leadership on Sunday morn- 
ings. Worship follows a basic form but 
is shaped by whoever serves as wor- 
ship leader and preacher of the day. 

According to Wayne Sutton, this 
has yielded a "worship model that is 
neither black nor white, but a true 
worship experience which comes 
from the honest expression of all the 
members. It means," he continues, 
"some traditional sermons and some 
rousing, amen-evoking sermons. It 
means singing 'Wade in the Water' 
led in the spiritual style by a black 
sister . . . during a fairly traditional 
Brethren feetwashing service. We 
have come to love these aspects of 

Be sensitive to first impressions. 

Does your church have stained glass 
windows with only Caucasian fig- 
ures? A Presbyterian church in 
Decatur, Ga., tinted the Christ figure 
at the altar brown and kept the |esus 
in the rear of the sanctuary white. 
Their motto reflected their sensitiv- 
ity: Religion should be colorblind. 

Music is another lens through 
which we experience God. Hyiiinal: A 
Worship Book offers a marvelous 
array of multicultural melodies and 
translations. Yet how many churches 

Assignment: Race awareness 

Recent Bethany Seminary graduate Greg Laszakovits begins a one-year 
assignment on race awareness in February through the General Board's 
Brethren Witness office. 

Greg will work out of the General Offices in Elgin, 111., but hopes to spend a 
good deal of the year on the road, engaging Brethren in various settings with 
the challenge of giving racial issues a higher priority in denominational life. 

Greg's work will include visiting racially diverse congregations; creating a 
resource base for individuals and congregations for use in classes and morn- 
ing worship; assisting congregations in developing cross-racial relationships 
with neighboring congregations; leading retreats for youth or congregational 
groups; directing the Mendenhall, Miss., youth workcamp; and working with 
Brethren institutions in the area of race awareness. 

incorporate multi-language lyrics or 
nontraditional instruments into wor- 
ship on a regular basis? God's love is 
transmitted to the greatest number 
when we use every avenue possible to 
communicate that love. 


Take someone to lunch. Befriend 
diverse persons in everyday life. 
Press to the edge of your comfort 
zone. Persons of color go into the 
white world, but whites seldom reci- 
procate. Relating to people as friends 
first, regardless of ethnicity, creates 
opportunities to invite them into the 

Mark Flory Steury of Mack Memo- 
rial church, Dayton, Ohio, asked his 
African -American members what 
attracted them. "It was not the 
sermon or preacher, but the caring 
people," he learned. The church's 
caring extends into the community in 
the form of daycare and homeless 

Phill Carlos Archbold of the 
Brooklyn church in New York City 
commends Atlantic Northeast Dis- 
trict for reaching out in love. "Our 
church serves as a launching pad for 
immigrants from around the world. 
During the holidays the district 
brings hundreds of boxes of food, 
medicine, clothing, blankets, and 
quilts. There's no other denomina- 
tion which does that. Many of our 
members come, not to become 
Brethren, but 
because somebody 
cares. Then they 
stay. I tell my people 
that this is Brethren 
theology — that God 
is a God of love." 

Make your building 

"Bible study groups 
have met in people's 
homes, then asked to 
use our facility," 
says Gerald Rhoades 
of Harrisburg (Pa.) 
First church. "As we 

12 Messenger January/February 1999 

do things together, we 
build trust relation- 
ships, sharing 
Brethren values and 
beliefs. Not every 
group joins our 
church, but some do." 
One such group that 
discovered a similar 
theology recently told 
Rhoades, "I guess 
we've been Brethren 
all along." 

Do not expect others to 
give up their heritage to 
adapt to Germanic 

The genius of the 
gospel is its trans-cul- 
tural nature. A good 
relationship among diverse members 
creates a new reality. First church, 
Chicago, recently combined tradi- 
tional love feast with a community 
event on the Middle Passage, the 
waterway across the Atlantic Ocean 
traversed by slave ships for hundreds 
of years. 

Do not expect ethnically different persons 
to continually play the heavy. 

Let them feel at home without having 
to justify their opinions in terms of 
race or ethnicity. They need to voice 
their convictions but also want to 
blend. When appropriate, members 
may initiate conversations about 
race, but serving the cause of Christ 
should be the overriding concern. 

Make your church a place where people 
can plug in and minister. 

Wayne Sutton of Miami (Fla.) First 
church , stresses the importance of 
learning to know people well enough 
so their gifts become known to the 
community. People feel at home 
where their abilities are recognized 
and used. 

Be understanding of cultural conflicts 
created by the church's teachings. 

"Cambodian members at Harrisburg 
First church subscribe to 'both/and 
theology,'" relates Gerald Rhoades. 
"That is, they acknowledge the lord- 
ship of Christ while clinging to 
Buddhist traditions." Because of 

Youth from ACTS Covenant Fellowship Lancaster. Pa., joined students 
front two African-American churches in their area on a mission trip to 
Kenya. The mission team of two Hispanics. four whites, and si.\ 
African-Americans is shown here with friends from Kenya. 

Christianity's exclusivity, many older 
Cambodians shy from the Christian 
faith, fearful of losing their heritage. 
Rhoades cites misunderstandings 
associated with ancestor worship. 
"Yet Americans erect grand tomb- 
stones and give memorials in honor 
of the dead. Is it really ancestor wor- 
ship or simply a deep respect?" 

Close to the heart of the Brethren 
lies the tradition of feetwashing. 
Some African-Americans express 
problems with the rite because of 
negative associations with servant- 
hood within the context of slavery. 
Pastors suggest inviting all to the 
table, with special sensitivity for 
those who defer to a different 
expression of faith. 

Phill Carlos Archbold teaches the 
theology of peacemaking in his 
Brooklyn congregation. Yet conflicts 
arise when his college-bound youth, 
caught between poverty and faithful- 
ness, elect military service in order to 
benefit from military financial incen- 
tives. Archibold tells them, "Please 
talk this over with your God. I have 
no alternative for you. If you do go 
to war, remember who and Whose 
you are." 

Expose members to different cultural 

Orlando Redekopp, Chicago, envisions 
churches creating forums for multicul- 
tural experiences just as Brethren 
Volunteer Service provides a venue tor 
young people to serve. The Salem con- 

gregation, near 
Dayton, Ohio, collabo- 
rates with an urban 
black church in a vine- 
yard project to share 
preaching, music, and 
picnics several times a 

ACTS Covenant 
youth in Lancaster, 
Pa. joined two black 
churches on a mission 
trip to Kenya. The 
churches raised more 
money than was 
needed for the trip 
and subsidized the 
Brethren youth. Those 
same churches invited 
Brethren to participate in their com- 
munity Bible school. Pastor 
Eikenberry relates, "At the closing 
exercise, the children came in 
together, arms around each other. 
They were friends." 

The Lake Charles congregation in 
Louisiana combined with a local 
black church to host a Kwanzaa 
event after Christmas. African-Amer- 
ican members of the Brethren group 
served on the leadership team. 

Learn to receive. 

Brethren excel at giving but are not 
well-versed in receiving. Eikenberry 
tells of an African-American pastor 
in his community who said, "Every- 
one treats us like a mission field. No 
one wants to be partners." 

The indictment weighs heavily on 
the church. "We must learn from 
sister congregations to not have a 
'savior attitude." They have much to 
offer us." 

An interesting question surfaces at 
this point: If there are no ethnically 
different persons in a congregation, 
how critical is it to incorporate such 
change? The fact is that those who 
have few opportunities to experience 
diversity need these experiences 
more than those who live with them 
every day. 

By exposing all of our members to 
a rich variety of worship practices, 
we will find God through different 
voices and enrich our faith journeys 
immensely. — Jeanne jAt:oBV Smith 

January/February 1999 Messenger 13 

On diversity, is your 

cliurch still runnin| 

like a Model A? 

lames Banks, nationally respected 
scholar, suggests four models for 
institutional reform. Applying his 
models to the life of the church, con- 
sider where your local congregation 
stands and how it plans to grow from 
Model A to Model D. 

Model A: Mainstream 

This model reflects mainstream, 
white, western culture, both in lead- 
ership and in worship styles. Ask the 
following questions about your con- 
gregation to see whether you fall into 
the Mainstream model. 

Do you conduct worship, week 
after week, making few changes in 
format or style? 

From the view in the pulpit, is your 
congregation pale in color or varie- 
gated with diversity? 

If you incorporate an experience from 
another cultural background into wor- 
ship, are your members accepting of it? 

Does your congregation see most 
issues through western eyes? For 
example, is there concern about 
reaching ethnic peoples in your com- 
munity? If so, is there a willingness 
to adapt? 

Model B: Ethnic additive 

This model involves the simple addi- 
tion of ethnic events, holidays, and 
programs to church services and cal- 
endars, a helpful beginning for 
teaching awareness. 

Does your church incorporate into 
its ministry the four F's: facts, foods, 
festivals, and famous people from 
various ethnic backgrounds? 

Does your church celebrate Christ- 
mas, Easter, and other religious holy 
days by drawing on the wealth of 

customs and music from other her- 

Does your church recognize 
Martin Luther King Day or Jewish 
holidays that provide a foundation 
for Christian values? What about 
Hispanic, Korean, or Nigerian tradi- 
tions? These, too, are part of 
Brethren heritage. 

Do your church school curricula 
reflect Brethren heroes, such as |ohn 
T Lewis, who represent ethnic 
groups other than the majority in 
your congregation? 

Model C: Multi-ethnic 

In this model, every event, concept, 
and issue is viewed from the perspec- 
tive of minority and majority groups 
within our society and acted upon 

Does your church accept families 
of color and mixed racial back- 
grounds? Would those persons feel 
at home among you, enough to 
return again? 

After worldng with multi-ethnic per- 
sons in your church, do you see and 
respect them as individuals and not as 
persons who are different? 

If you represent an inner-city 
church and the neighborhood begins 
to change, do you automatically con- 
sider a move to the suburbs or do 
you stay, incorporating the commu- 
nity into the life of the church? What 
is your mission together and how can 
you best fulfill it? 

Model D: Global 

In Model D, church members view 
events, concepts, and issues from the 
perspectives of different peoples in 
our society and around the world. 

This model retlects a truly inclusive 

Can your church handle controver- 
sial issues dealing with equality, both 
within this country and globally? For 
example, has it been open to the 
denomination's aid to North Korea? 

Does your church regularly use 
music and worship forms that reflect 
a variety of world cultures, customs, 
and languages? 

Do your church school classes talk 
about racial and ethnic issues with an 
eye toward understanding perspec- 
tives from global viewpoints? 

Can your church step outside the 
confines of Christianity from time to 
time and, even if you do not sub- 
scribe to them, attempt to 
understand the perspectives of other 
religious groupings, such as Mus- 
lims, Hindus, and Buddhists? 

The local church will do well to 
adopt Model C. However, Banks" 
ideal model is Model D, which falls 
well within the realm of Brethren 
theology. The church at large has 
responded effectively to Model D. 
Examples are the many BVS projects 
in former Communist countries. 
Many local churches, however, con- 
tinue to languish in Model A. 

Model B represents a conscientious 
start for many congregations, espe- 
cially for sensitizing members to new 
ways of seeing, thinking, and doing. 
Yet Models C and D represent the 
higher calling and will create for the 
21st century a new brand of Brethren 
at the front door of the local church. 
— Jeanne Jacoby Skuth 

1 4 Messenger January/February 1 999 


Brethren colleges continue collaboration 

BY Nevin Dulabaum 

The recruiting rules have changed. 

This fact became strikingly evident 
in mid-November to top representa- 
tives of the five Church of the 
Brethren colleges, one university, 
one seminary, and the General Board 
during meetings at Bridgewater (Va.) 
College. The group of 55 was given 
the initial results from a survey con- 
ducted on their behalf in the fall with 
high school students, parents of 
prospective college students, and 
Brethren youth advisers. 

It showed that 40 percent of the 
sophomores who last summer 
attended National Youth Conference 
couldn't name a Brethren college. 
Though that number improved to 20 
percent for seniors, the survey also 
showed that Brethren high school 
students only look at two or three 
higher education choices, and often 
ha\'e made their choice by the start 
of their senior year. Coupled with 
the colleges' emphasis of recruiting 
high school seniors, these statistics 
help explain the low Brethren atten- 
dance at Brethren colleges, which in 
1997-1998 was 551 out of 10,572 
total students. 

For many years. Brethren colleges 
treated each other as competitors. As 
a result, they had little official contact 
except for the yearly meeting of presi- 
dents and the General Board's top 
executive, a group known as the Com- 
mittee on Higher Education (COHE). 

By the mid-1990s, COHE members 
realized what this survey under- 
scores — the real competition is not 
from each other but from every other 
college and university. They began 
encouraging select staff groupings 
from their institutions to meet in order 
to develop collaborative initiatives — 
pooling information and resources to 
provide curriculum and training for 
their collective student bodies, and 
joining Brethren-student recruitment 
efforts into one united effort. 

Since then, the academic deans and 
admissions directors have started 
meeting, and work on a variety of 

joint projects has commenced. 

Thus, the COHE meeting, held Nov. 
19-21 at Bridgewater College, was his- 
toric in that it was the first-ever 
gathering of these four staff group- 
ings — the presidents, academic deans, 
admissions directors, and development 
directors (who met together for the 
first time). Each group met separately 
for two sessions and together for two 
sessions. The COHE group also met 
individually with each group. 

Ron Wendeln of Prescience Associates. 
Cleveland, in November delivers his initial 
findings from a liiglier education sur\'ey 
taken this fall of five groups of Brethren to 
about 55 representatives of the Brethren 
colleges and seminary. 

The admissions group gave a pro- 
gress report on its relatively new 
venture called Church of the 
Brethren Collaboration on Admis- 
sions (CoBCoA). Over the past year, 
CoBCoA has waived application fees 
for Brethren students; produced a 
brochure: launched a Web site; com- 
piled a database of prospective 
students; distributed T-shirts; pro- 
moted itself through ads and at 
National Youth Conference; and 
commissioned the survey. 

Based on the survey, the group is 
expected to redirect its Brethren 
recruiting efforts to high school 
freshmen and sophomores, trying to 
gain a foothold with the students 
before they choose their college. 
Avenues being explored include a 
new publication, targeted mailings, 
and increased interaction at the 
regional youth conferences hosted by 
most of the colleges. 

Why the emphasis on Brethren stu- 
dents at a time when their numbers 
are dwindling? The presidents in 
November addressed this, stating 
that Brethren students generally 
excel academically, are involved in 
myriad spiritual and social campus 
activities, and often take leadership 
positions within the church later in 
life. Each president also underscored 
the importance of their college's 
roots, stressing that their student 
bodies benefit from exposure to 
Brethren heritage and values. 

In keeping with Brethren values, the 
colleges and the seminary identified 
conflict resolution and mediation 
skills as being something they could 
work on together, both in terms of 
handling campus conflicts and as a 
part of the academic program. To kick 
off this initiative, representatives from 
each institution will convene next 
summer at Bethany Seminary. 

The colleges also acknowledge that 
each has its own curriculum with 
unique strengths. That's why they 
also are considering an inter-college 
student exchange program that would 
increase curriculum choices available 
to all Brethren college students. 

As the colleges discern what it 
means to be Church of the Brethren 
institutions, the presidents said they 
would welcome reflection by the 
denomination on the value to the 
church of having five colleges and 
one university. Furthermore, they 
would like to see the links between 
their campuses and Brethren congre- 
gations strengthened so youth are 
routinely called by churches and 
asked to consider enrolling in 
Brethren colleges. 

January/February 1999 Messenger 15 

Young adults look 
inside themselves 

hil Haynes, Dewey Broyles, and Heather Harper 
fellowship knot" 

BY Walt Wiltschek 

Perhaps you're past the suggested 
age range of 18-55 for the 
denomination's annual Young Adult 
Conference. Perhaps you've thought 
about attending but didn't quite get 
there. Or maybe you're not quite old 
enough yet but hope to go someday. 
In any case, take a journey for a peek 
inside one of these conferences — a 
glimpse of the 1998 YAC. 

Thursday, Nov. 26, 5:45 p.m. 
Some of sun pokes through an other- 
wise grayish Thanksgiving Day sky 
over the Camp Swatara parking lot 
in Bethel, Pa. Cars roll in slowly as 
those attending the conference arrive 
a few at a time and proceed to the 
registration area, sometimes stop- 
ping for some hellos or hugs along 
the way. The registration total of 
about 105 is lower than in some 
recent years, but an atmosphere of 
enthusiasm and vitality fills the main 
lodge nonetheless. Friendly greetings 
ring out as people sign up for work- 
shops and housing or play games at a 
table near the wall, punctuated by 

in a 

far-flung friends' 
happy screams of 
Thursday, 5:1 5 p.m. 

As tradition and 
Brethren friendliness 
dictate, a few icebreak- 
ers start off the slate of 
events, from lining up 
alphabetically by first 
name to forming 
groups by birthday 

These icebreakers go 
beyond the normal 
name games and get- 
acquainted activities, 
however, as the groups 
brainstorm the biggest 
social issues they feel 
aren't being addressed 
by the church. 

Runners check from 
group to group to be 
sure each group comes up with a 
unique issue, and then spokespeople 
compile a list. 

The items cover some deep 
ground, including poverty, diversity, 
apathy, health care, domestic vio- 
lence, AIDS, declining membership, 
genetic manipulation, sexual addic- 
tion, gay and lesbian issues, sexism, 
and balancing the church's internal 
and external ministries. 
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. 
Following a traditional Thanksgiving 
feast with vegetarian options and the 
opening announcements and intro- 
ductions, keynote speaker Glenn 
Mitchell, pastor of the State College, 
Pa., congregation, takes the podium 
for the first time to address the con- 
ference theme, "Looking In, 
Reaching Out." 

Mitchell focuses the opening ses- 
sion on the idea of "groping" for 
God taken from Acts 17: "a sense of 
hunger and desire for the journey, 
yet it's not all mapped out, it's not 
finished," Mitchell says. "We try to 
satisfy the desire for God with a lot 
of different things." 

Following video imagery and some 
devotional readings of works by 
Thomas Merton and others, Mitchell 
invites the young adults to form 
groups and discuss things that enable 
them to be more attentive to God. 
Answers such as music, journaling, 
silence, having creative time, and 
sharing stories come. Conference- 
goer Carissa Fralin recalls a quote 
she has heard: "You can only see the 
road as far as the headlights, but 
that's enough to make the journey." 

Thursday, 10 p.m. A moving Taize- 
style worship experience has just 
concluded, as young adults sat with 
small candles in a large circle around 
a centerpiece of two dozen other 
flickering flames. The service has 
been a quiet yet powerful one, with 
piano, violin, flute, and singing — 
weaving beautiful, simple tunes 
around readings and open sharing. 

The group exits the service in 
silence, but soon singing fills the 
building again as some follow the 
snack with an informal hymn sing. 

Friday, Nov. 27, 9:15 a.m. 
Mitchell is at the front of the lodge 
again, talking about discernment in 
his second session to an attentive, if 
slightly tired, audience. He urges the 
young adults to "let God lead rather 
than fit ourselves into a decision." A 
slide presentation on light and the 
obstacles that block us from it is fol- 
lowed by more sharing in groups and 
a presentation of some aids to dis- 
cernment of God's voice, such as 
scripture, finding a place where we 
can more clearly listen to God, and 
helping each other in the community 
to see more clearly. 

"The decision often emerges in a 
way that surprises me," Mitchell 

Friday, 1 :30 p.m. 
Following lunch, conferencegoers are 
sitting in the second period of work- 
shops for the day, choosing from 
among 10 choices. 

Topics ranged from jim Myer's "How 
Does the Bible Affect Your Life?," to 

16 Messenger January/February 1999 

;lowning with Kimber Mitchell, to 
render issues with Chris and Scott 
Douglas, to information on BVS. 

Once workshops are finished, 
jveryone heads out to a selection of 
"ree time activities such as football, 
liking to Swatara's landmark "rock- 
3ile." ultimate frisbee, choir practice, 
3r just relaxing. 

Friday, 8 p.m. After dinner, the 
^roup sits in worship once more, this 
:ime following a drama presentation 
ind singing with a service of feet- 
A'ashing. The young adults form 
:heir circles by untangling a "fellow- 
ship knot," then proceed in the 
:radition of the basin and the towel, 
mth music throughout. 

Communion follows, and then a 
:ime of candle lighting, which con- 
;ludes with all the smaller circles 
Forming one large circle and bursting 
into joyous song. 

That joyous spirit continues 
through the evening, with more than 
a dozen acts in the annual talent 

show and continuing celebration 
through music, a campfire, and con- 
versation until late in the night. 

Saturday, Nov. 28, 9:30 a.m. 
Those who made it for a sleepy con- 
tinental breakfast are joined by 
others in the main hall again for a 
final session. Lighting a "dancing 
flame" lamp as he has each session, 
Mitchell focuses this time on "prais- 
ing through action," looking at the 
ways we live out our faith. He shares 
more examples from literature and 
his personal experience in the Viet- 
nam draft era, underscoring that 
actions need to spring from a "spirit 
of willingness," not willfulness. 

Mitchell concludes by using the 
lewel song "Hands" to sum up his 
message, saying, "There is a powerful 
sense of our hands being small, yet 
they're our hands, and we take our 
hands into prayer and into service." 

Saturday, 1 1 :30 a.m. The time of 
closing worship has arrived, with 
more singing, storytelling, and a pre- 

sentation of the song "Unity" by the 
conference choir, directed by YAC 
songleader |im Bowyer of Princeton, 
N.|. It is another moving song in a 
weekend of strong music. 

The service concludes with a water 
blessing to the strains of "O Healing 
River," as a "sign of commitment to 
use our hands to follow the call of 
God in our lives." 

Event coordinator jenny Stover, a 
BVSer in Elgin, 111., thanks everyone 
who has made the weekend possible 
and urges everyone to return for the 
next YAC May 29-51, 1999, at Camp 
Woodland Altars as the conference 
leaves its traditional Thanksgiving 
weekend date in hopes of reaching 
out to more young adults. 

Then, after a time of evaluation 
and a final meal together, the group 
packs up and departs until the rZTl 
parking lot stands empty under i — J 
scattered sunshine once more. 

Wall Wiltschek is associate pastor of tlie 
Westiiiiiisler (Md.) Clnircli of the Brethren, and 



Getting home for Christmas 

The angels were perfect. I mean, they had perfectly white 
sculptured wings, set straight on little pink shoulders, 
with yards and yards of white netting floating behind each 
satin-slippered foot. Mary and foseph were solemn. Even 
the live baby jesus didn't make a peep. The stained glass 
windows of the cavernous sanctuary lent perfectly colored 
hues to the scene. Pomp, ceremony, drama, and. . . ugh! 
This MGM production was leaving me cold! What was 
wrong with me that 1 wasn't touched by the sweetest story 
of the Bible as it majestically unfolded before me? 

After the pageantry came punch and cookies down in 
the recreation hall. My small son stood by my side amid 
hundreds of chattering former angels, parents, and 
church leaders. He attended preschool at this lovely 
church, and so I thought we would make the first move to 
becoming involved in the church life itself. 1 had not 
attended church for years since marriage, and thought it 
was time to return to the fold for my children's sake. So 
we ventured forth and joined the Christmas celebration. 
But my son and 1 might as well have been alone on an 
island for all the attention turned our way! 

Not one person had noticed how awkward I felt under 
my frozen smile, standing next to people but not being 
brave enough to extend my hand and introduce myself. 1 
remember downing a cookie and balancing some punch 
for an eternity, then grabbing my little boy's hand and 
making a disappointed retreat. 

Another Christmas celebration was in a simple sanctu- 
ary, beautifully decorated in natural holly and candles. 
Was it ever different! Runners of brown paper had been 
placed on the carpet around the perimeter of the sanctu- 
ary to protect the carpet from candle wax. This was a 
great idea, until we all walked on it. The crinkle and pop- 
ping of high heels and shoes was a cacophony which 
made me giggle. During the beautiful candle lighting cer- 
emony, as we all stood quietly singing on the crunchy 
paper, a toddler decided to sing along with the gusto and 
strange key tone only a toddler can produce. And then a 
lovely foreign-born gentleman decided to take many many 
photos — flash, of course. It was unrehearsed spontaneous 
gaiety. I loved every unexpected and imperfect moment. 
It had to have made the Lord smile. 

But my lasting memory of that Christmas was the scene 
of the soft candlelight illuminating a group of people who 
had enveloped me with love and welcome the moment I 
stepped through the church doors months before. A 
group of people 1 had grown fond of so quickly. I had 
been invited to work and play with them, and to worship 
God in their unassuming and comfortable midst. Christ- 
mas will always be a special time for all Christians. Mine 
has been much more special because of the Brethren wel- 
come 1 received so many years ago. 

— ROBYN Reals, Arlington iVa.) Church of the Brethren 

Ml ^^tNGl^R woittii like to puhlnh olhi-r ihint. colorful, humorom or poigtuuil iloiiei ofrall-hfc 
incidents mvohiuig Brethren. Please send your submission « Messenger. N't I Dundee Aoe., 
Elgin. IL 60120-1694 ore-mail to the editor at 

January/February 1999 Messenger 17 

Minister for 

Ministry Summer Service 

changes lives of young interns, 

and the congregations that host them 

Service is ministry /or tliesc Muiislry Summer Service participants working 
during their orientation to rehab a building for the Concord Community 
Center Development in Indianapolis. Ind. 

BY Walt Wiltschek 

Several months remain until the 
Church of the Brethren's Min- 
istry Summer Service program 
begins its fourth year of placing 
young adults in local ministry set- 
tings. But Allen Hansell, director of 
ministry for the General Board, is 
already eager for it to arrive. 

"I jumped at the opportunity to get 
involved, because I think it's a fan- 
tastic oppoi'tunity to take young 
adults and give them some practical 
experience at the congregational 
level," said Hansell, who joined the 
MSS training for the first time last 

"Each year some young adults who 
were undecided come away from the 
experience affirming ministry, and 
that's exciting. It's one of the high- 

lights of my year." 

Indeed, the program is causing 
excitement in various corners of the 
denomination, from the MSS partici- 
pants themselves to the 
congregations that host them and 
points in between. Thirty young 
adults have gone through MSS in its 
first three summers, and organizers 
have high hopes that those numbers 
will continue to grow. 

Ministry Summer Service operates 
by linking college students and 
others ages 18-24 with congrega- 
tions, camps, and other church 
programs for 10 weeks of service in 
an internship style. Participants go 
through an orientation together 
before heading to their summer 
placement, where they receive a 
mentor who guides them through the 
remainder of the experience. 

It's been everything that Chris 
Douglas, the denomination's coordi- 
nator of youth/young adult ministry, 
hoped for when ideas for a program 
like this first sprang up. 

Douglas saw the number of people 
applying to be National Youth Con- 
ference coordinators and workcamp 
coordinators and realized there were 
far more qualified applicants than 
there were positions. That started the 
thought processes rolling. 

"I thought, 'Here are people who 
want to volunteer their time to work 
for the church, and there aren't 
enough spaces right now, so some- 
how we have to enlarge that 
number,'" Douglas said. "Brethren 
Volunteer Service was doing a good 
job of year-long positions, but did 
not offer short-term options." 

Soon she and some others in 
Brethren leadership began talking, 
and about the same time a major 
ministry paper came through Annual 
Conference. As the thoughts and 
ideas intersected, MSS was born — 
originally as a partnership between 
the youth/young adult office and 
BVS. The ministry office replaced 
BVS as the focus became clearly 
minis try /internship -oriented. 

Douglas tapped |udy Mills Reimer to 
run the initial orientation and provide 
coordination, and seven young adults 
formed the charter group in 1996. 
jThey quickly discovered that the initial 
*roup and those that followed were 
made up of very varied interests. 

"Some come having a pretty clear 
call, some aren't sure, and some say 

18 Messenger January/February 1999 

hey have no interest in preaching 
lut somehow want to be connected 
o the church," Douglas said. "So we 
ust tal<e people where they are. It 
:an include camp placements, cross- 
ultural, or inner city. We really try 
o tailor it to particular passions or 
nterests so that young adults have a 
hance to try that out." 

Some of that discerning comes 
hrough the orientation period. Par- 
icipants get acquainted, spend time 
n worship and learning and service, 
■isit Bethany Theological Seminary 
md meet with staff there, explore the 
Scriptures, Brethren heritage, and 
he idea of "calling," and have time 
or recreation, too. 

Mentors also receive training 
luring the orientation and have a 
;hance to meet with the young adults 
hey'll be guiding over the weeks 
ihead. Combined, Hansell called the 
)rientation a key component of the 
experience in its preparation and 

Then comes the day for MSSers to 
lead out all across the country and 
)egin the work they wished to 
ixplore. While it's not always easy A 
)eing far from home or trying com- 
pletely new tasks, most seem to 
eturn from their stay citing positive 

Keith Carter of Decatur, Ind., 
ipent last summer working at the 
Briery Branch Church of the 
Brethren in Shenandoah District 
hrough MSS. He knew he wanted to 
)ecome involved in some type of 
;hurch work, and his pastor in Indi- 
ma, Terry Shumakcr. suggested that 
barter look into MSS. That was just 
he beginning. 

"1 thought, 'What did I get myself 
nto?"" Carter said, recalling his ori- 
mtation time. "1 was nervous, 
scared, and excited, and just ready to 
;et going." 

His first day included a hospital 
(-isit where he passed out. "I was off 
:o a good start!" Carter joked, 
rhings definitely improved there- 
jfter, though, as Carter learned his 
strengths and weaknesses in min- 
stry, worked with worship and 
Dreaching and youth, and learned 

from his mentor, pastor Randy 
Cosner. Following the summer, 
Carter decided to become a candi- 
date for licensing to the ministry and 
transferred to Bridgewater College. 

"If anyone is interested at all in 
MSS, they have to go in with an open 
mind, a willingness to learn and be 
mentored, and a desire to do God's 
work," Carter said. "It helped me 
prepare for my future." 

Another 1998 MSSer, Rebekkah 
Helsel of Altoona, Pa., wrote in the 
newsletter at Oakton (Va.) Church of 
the Brethren, where she served: 
"God has such an amazing plan for 
each one of us, and it's a constant 
adventure to discover it if we only 
allow ourselves the freedom to 
explore, and the confidence to step 
out onto new paths." 

Helsel also came out of the 
summer affirming ministry and seek- 
ing to be licensed, far from where 
she started when she entered the 
program. That came in large part 
due to the strong relationship she 
built with her mentor, Oakton pastor 
Kurt Borgmann — the other critical 
piece of the MSS equation. 

Congregations apply to be placement 
sites just as the young adults apply to 
be summer interns. Borgmann had 
done some mentoring work before in 
other settings and urged his congrega- 
tion to pursue this option. 

"We've heard all these things about 
calling people to ministry, and this 
congregation wasn't doing it because 
we have no one here right now in 
that category," Borgmann said. "But 
there are other ways churches can 
support calling people to ministry, so 
it was in that spirit I proposed it to 
the board, it's one of the gifts we can 
give to the church." 

The board agreed with Borgmann, 
and eventually Helsel came to them 
for the summer. Borgmann worked to 
give her a wide variety of experiences 
but found he learned from it, too. 

"When you're with someone and 
saying, 'Here's what I do and why I 
do it this way," it brings a new kind 
of focus to your own ministry," 
Borgmann said. "There's a new kind 
of awareness. It's sometimes 

exhausting but very rewarding." 

The host site provides a BVS-like 
$45-per-month stipend, room and 
board, transportation, and a support 
structure. The interns also receive a 
scholarship at the end of the 
summer, provided by a privately 
funded source since MSS currently 
has no line item in the General Board 
budget — a source of concern for 
future growth, according to Hansell. 

Douglas said she encourages more 
congregations to become "teaching" 
sites for young 0ults like these, as 
well as to identify young adults in 
their midst who might be good can- 
didates for MSS. Intern applications 
for the 1999 edition are due Feb. 25, 
with orientation set for |une 4-11 at 
Bethany Seminary in Indiana. 

She and Hansell both expressed 
some disappointment that the enroll- 
ment in MSS slipped from 12 in 
1997 to 1 1 last summer, but attrib- 
uted it to National Youth Conference 
being held in |uly. With no NYC the 
next few years, they expect the num- 
bers to rise again. 

"I think my dream is that a lot 
more young adults would leel their 
gifts for ministry being called out 
through MSS and affirmed, and that 
they would find a kind of confirma- 
tion of their call," Douglas said. "We 
have some wonderful congregations 
who've done such a wonderful job in 
mentoring, especially pastors." 

Hansell emphasized, too, that par- 
ticipants don't have to be geared 
toward pastoral ministry or have def- 
inite goals — just a willingness to 
explore. As long as that happens, his 
excitement will continue bubbling. 
His experience with last summer's 
MSS group has convinced him. 

"They went into the summer with a 
lot of anxiety . . . and came away 
excited about the summer, and what 
happened to them, and with a deep 
commitment to the church," Hansell 
said. "And the congregations were 
just glowing with what happened in 
the summer months. ^"IT] 

"They'll remember this forever." j-^j 

H(/// Willschck is associate paslor at tlie 
Westiniiiislcr (Md.) Churcli of tlie Bivihi;yii, 
working u'itli yoiilli and Christian education. 

January/February 1999 Messenger 19 

Oak Grove Church of the Brethren members Emma Jean 
Woodard. Beu EdM'cirds, and fane Frulin Grisso discussing 
congregational ethics. 

Janet Gibson and Pastor Roy Heinlin front Troutville 
Churcli of tlie Brethren. 

Ethics ror a 
Detter Jifce togetner 

With help from Congregational Life Teams, many churches participate in workshops 

BY Charles Hite 

A series of worlxshops pertaining to 
congregational ethics was held in Vir- 
lina District as a joint effort between 
the Virlina District Ministry Commis- 
sion and the Congregational Life 
Team coordinator The author of this 
article, Charles Hite, was one of the 
workshop leaders. 

T\7Te are not the ethics police," 

VV |uHe Hostetter told a gathering 
of church leaders in Eden, N.C. 
"We're here to present a resource 
that can enhance congregational 
That message was central to the 

presentation that Hostetter, coordi- 
nator of Area 3 Congregational Life 
Team, I, and three other colleagues 
made last fall to six Virlina District 
workshops that dealt with the 1996 
"Ethics for Congregations" Annual 
Conference paper. 

it's difficult not to seem like the 
police when you come bearing a 
booklet that contains a 29-point 
ethics inventory, 20 "ethical guide- 
lines," and other imperative language 
that could easily conjure up images 
of Big Brother. Our ad hoc commit- 
tee sought to assure workshop 
participants that the "Ethics for Con- 
gregations" paper was not a legalistic 
doctrine that sought to dictate spe- 

cific do's and don'ts for churches. 
Rather, we saw the paper as an 
attempt by the collective church to 
capture the essence of denomina- 
tional statements and teachings on 
the important ethical principles and 
values of the Church of the Brethren. 

Role-playing helped us get our 
message across. The five of us began 
each workshop as if we were a local 
church committee that had been 
given the task of explaining the papei 
to the congregation. Each of us had 
been assigned a section of the paper 
to report back to the committee. Pre- 
senting the paper this way helped 
avoid focusing only on the guidelines 
and inventory. It allowed us — in 

20 Messenger January/February 1999 

our fictional roles as local church leaders — to express 
concerns about the paper or to suggest ways our congre 
gation might be "in step" or "out of step" with various 
principles, values, 
and guidelines. 

It was hard to 
find any disagree- 
ment with any of 
the broad and 
more widely 
known principles 
— the New Testa- 
ment is our rule of 
faith and practice; 

the Brethren word ^jg^ d^^-j church of the Brethren members working on the ethics paper are 
is good as our bond; ^lurleen Pratt. Ranch Hylton. and Rav Warner. 
all members are 
ministers; and Brethren shall be known by their fruits. 

But when it comes to applying these principles through 
more particular guidelines, things get stickier. Greg 
Broyles, a hospital pharmacist who is also a licensed 
Church of the Brethren minister, always got a lot of 
smiles and knowing nods from workshop participants at 
the same point in the presentation. When discussing the 
section of the paper dealing with the local congregation's 
relation to its community, Broyles said it probably wasn't 
right for him to photocopy Sunday school curriculum or 
:hurch hymns. "I just never thought about how that really 
is taking away someone's livelihood. It's stealing." 

1 seemed to strike a responsive chord when, in dis- 
:ussing how the congregation relates to its members, I 
said churches need to move away from elections as their 
method of selecting leaders. "Election ballots mean there 

are winners and losers," I added. "Our church shouldn't 
endorse a process that creates losers." 
Emma (ean Woodard, representing Virlina District min- 
isters on our 
team, voiced a pet 
peeve when it was 
her turn to review 
the section about 
relating to their 
members. When 
church members 
go out of their 
way to bring new 
people into lead- 
ership, she said, 
"Don't undermine 
them by pointing out, 'We've never done it that way!'" 

David Shumate, Virlina district executive, in reviewing 
the section on a congregation's relationship to its pastor 
and staff, had some practical advice. Make sure you have 
a contract with the pastor and be specific about the terms 
of employment. That way there won't be surprises. 

After our role-play, workshop participants gathered in 
small groups to discuss the paper and to review the guide- 
lines and ethics inventory. In reporting back to the larger 
group, there were a few issues that seemed to always 

• Providing a support group to the pastor and pastoral 
family. Many participants acknowledge they didn't do this 
or that they didn't provide it with the right group. The 
board executive committee is not the type of group that 
can do this job, Shumate said. 


At CLT worksnop, 
ielism is not wnat it used to be 

When polled earlier this year, pastors of the Church of the 
Brethren's Pacific Southwest District indicated that their 
top concerns pertain to evangelism-related issues. 

These concerns led to "Continuing the work of Jesus ... 
into the 21st Century," three days of special events held 
Oct. 30 - Nov. 1 at Pomona (Calif.) Fellowship Church of 
the Brethren. Sponsored by the district and the General 
Board's Area 5 Congregational Life Team, the event fea- 
tured an address by Eddie Gibbs, professor of evangelism 
at Fuller Theological Seminary's School of World Mission. 

Some thoughts from Gibbs: 

•Evangelism, on the brink of a new century, is a tremen- 
dous challenge. It's a very different challenge than 
evangelism was 1 years ago. 

•The church is not in the center of society anymore. The 
world today is filled with competing interest groups. You 
can't just invite people to church through door knockers. 

It's person-to-person sharing. Repeating past forms of 
evangelism is much less effective today because people 
don't have a past knowledge or memory of faith to return 

•The day of the local church is over The day of the mis- 
sion outpost has come. Our focus needs to be out there in 
the community and not upon ourselves. 

•Evangelism is a process of developing and learning 
about the community surrounding the church. As the con- 
gregation goes into the world, it will experience Christ in 
ways It will never experience if it stays stay in the sanctuary. 
Because of the non-church culture, 80 percent of evange- 
lism needs to be done outside the church grounds. 

Gibbs connected with the participants' understanding of 
evangelism, leaving some asking when they could hear 
him again, according to Jeff Glass, coordinator of the Area 
5 Congregational Life Team. 

January/February 1999 Messenger 21 

• Operating with strong consensus 
and harmony in mailing decisions. 
Congregations shouldn't operate on 
a "majority rules" basis, participants 
agreed. If a decision is split on a 
close vote, then it should not be 
implemented. Better to engage in 
further discussion and try to build a 
stronger base of support. 

• Avoiding anonymous calls and 
letters or communications outside 

established forums. "You'd be sur- 
prised how many anonymous calls I 
get," said one pastor. "But I'm not 
going to act on anonymous informa- 
tion." Another form of this, said 
another pastor, is the old, "Every- 
body's saying. . .." 

Despite the disagreements that many 
of the guidelines provoked, Hostetter 
reminded workshop participants that 
Brethren have a strong tradition of not 

withdrawing when conflicts arise. "We 
remain engaged. We remain in dialog," 
she said. Altogether about 120 people 
representing 37 congregations 
participated in the workshops. 


Charles Hite is director of bioetliics for Carilion 
Health System in Roanoke, Va. Prior to entering 
the field of ethics, he was a hecdthcare journalist. 
He has a master's degree in clinical ethics from 
the University of Virginia and is a metnber of Cen- 
tral Church of the Brethren in Roanolce. 

Witn CL T nelp, a congregation seeks vision 

The Walnut Grove Church of the Brethren, Johnstown, 
Pa., has been consulting with the Congregational Life 
Team, Area 1 , for revitalization of their congregation. 
The transformation process designed by Jan Kensinger, 
CLT coordinator of Hummelstown Pa., included several 

The first step was to organize a "Vision Team" repre- 
senting the diversity of the congregation's membership, 
and this was done with the assistance of the pastor, 
Michael Clark. Kensinger had several meetings with the 
Vision Team, and prepared a bibliography of printed 
resources for the members on the topics of leadership, 
spiritual direction, and transitional movement in congre- 

Assisting Kensinger with the consultation was Linda 
McCauliff, of Johnstown, Pa., a Congregational Life 
Team staff member. Additional steps in the process 
included presenting information concerning the life 
cycles of congregations, preparing a timeline of the his- 
tory of the congregation, developing a congregational 
survey to gather information and perspectives about the 
ministries of the church and community, and compiling 
and printing the survey results. 

On Sunday, Nov. 8, the Congregational Life Team 
members joined the Walnut Grove congregation for 
worship and a carry-in meal. One important quality 
that the congregation identified in its survey was that 
they love to eat! After lunch, they were organized into 
small groups to draft ideas for formulating a mission 

This process invites pastoral, congregational, and 
community input into adopting a "vision" that enables a 
congregation to move into a new and exciting extension 
of ministry within the community. Pastor Michael Clark 
commented, "This process is extremely helpful and 
important to our church as we define where we are 
headed. It energized the Vision Team, and was well 
received by the congregation." 

The youth training event was led by David Witkowsky, 
left, and David Steele. 

The youth uf VVulnui Grove Church of the Brethren.. 

The Congregational Life Team, Area 1 , also sponsored 
a one-day training event for pastors and youth leaders 
on Family-based Youth Ministry. The event was Nov 7 at 
the Martinsburg (Pa.) Memorial Church of the Brethren. 
Pastors David Witkovsky, of the Roaring Spring congre- 
gation, and David Steele, of the Martinsburg 
congregation, led the 30 participans representing 1 8 
congregations and 4 districts through a new model of 
implementing youth ministry that emphasizes a wholis- 
tic rather that a programmatic approach for ministering 
to youth in the church. 

With previous formal training in this model, both lead- 
ers have begun putting a distinctive "Brethren spin" on 
an exciting ecumenical approach. 

22 MhssENGER January/February 1999 

Perj^^y IS beside the point 

The focus on lying under oath nnakes plain lying seem okay 





X^epeatedly. con- 
xVgressional and media 
voices insisted that the lies 
'. and sexual scandals of the presi- 
dent are not what the 
impeachment/censure debate is 
about. Rather it is lying under oath. 
Perjury is the supreme crime that 
undermines law, morality, and the 

The greater the preoccupation with 
lying under oath, the more we can 
conclude that lying in general is not so 

bad. For me this has led to a new 
appreciation of the nonconformist 
rejection of oaths by traditional Quak- 
ers, Amish, Mennonites, and Brethren. 
Our tradition must seem foolish to 
liberals and the Christian right 
who ignore this teaching of |esus. 
When asked to take an oath, we 
refuse to swear and raise our right 
hand. We simply promise to abide by 
our usual intention to tell the truth. 
Such comes from a desire to literally 
follow Jesus' teach- 

ing in the Sermon 
on the Mount (Matt. 5:35- 
37). The text appears more concisely 
in the Epistle of lames: "Above all, my 
beloved, do not swear, either by 
heaven or by earth or by any other 
oath, but let your 'Yes' be yes and your 
'No' be no. so that you may not fall 
under condemnation" (5:12). 

In The Cost ofDiscipleship, the 
German martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer 
agrees with us. He maintains that 
oaths are necessary only because 
lying is so common. How true! 
Nearly every president has lied to the 
American people, often for alleged 
purposes of "national security." Politi- 
cians blatantly lie in order to win 
elections, including many who 
have exuded a self-righteous 
posture in judgments of 
Clinton. Government 
agencies such as the 
CIA and FBI adopt 
strategies for 

is not criminal to lie in 
speeches in Congress. In the 
impeachment proceedings it was 

frequently assumed that it was not 
lying but lying under oath that was 

In interpreting why jesus taught 
against oath taking, Bonhoeffer makes 
a fascinating observation. He reasons: 
"Where the oath claims final truth, 
space is given to the lie." His insight 
corroborates the common acceptance 
of lying. He adds that a "singular 
focus on the oath can be a protection 
for a lie." 

In recent impeachment proceedings 
it seems that lies were protected by 
featuring lies under oath. The public 
sensed that preoccupation with per- 
jury was used to cover the lie that "this 
is not about sex." Sanctimonious 
statements about perjury could deflect 
the lie that presumed sadness in the 
duty to impeach, especially when 
uttered by those who had sought for 
years to get the president. Likewise, 
accusations of perjury diverted atten- 
tion from the lie that named Kenneth 
Starr an "independent" counsel. 

But Bonhoeffer's interpretations 
cannot be appropriated to overlook 
Clinton's sin. In his concluding inter- 
pretation of lesus' teaching about 
oaths. Bonhoeffer stated that lying 
results from the refusal to bare one's 
sinfulness before God and others. A 
few years later in one of his prison let- 
ters (December 1943), Bonhoeffer 
pointed to the dangers of any coercive 
truthfulness that violates personal 
secrecy. He surmises that "talking 
openly about sin" can be a symptom of 
sin. He grew to appreciate Adalbert 
Stifter, one of his favorite authors, 
who articulated a "refusal to force 
his way into man's inner life." 

Another deviation from 
absolute truthfulness was 
expressed by Donald McDul- 

lough in a recent Christian Century 
article. He argued that a white lie 
may have more integrity at times 
than the truth. For example, he 
politely accepted a dinner invitation 
he did not savor because he knew his 
spouse would like it. 

Another chapter in Bonhoeffer's life 
occurred while he was involved in the 

January/February 1999 Messenger 23 

conspiracy against Hitler. In Ethics, 
he opted for relational truth over fac- 
tual truth. He defended the answer of 
a child to a teacher who asked whether 
it was true that his father often came 
home drunk. The child had to decide 
whether to follow the rule of school or 
the rule of family. The child denied 
that his father often came home 
drunk. His answer was untrue, but 
Bonhoeffer claims that "it nevertheless 
gave expression to the truth that the 
family is an institution sui generis and 
that the teacher had no right to inter- 
fere with it." 

We may not agree entirely with Bon- 
hoeffer, but we may affirm giving 
priority to relationships in some con- 
texts. Most of us can sanction lying 
through examples such as protecting a 
slave hidden in the underground rail- 
road or a Jewish person seeking refuge 
from the Nazis. 

The same traditions that might 
sanction lies in extraordinary circum- 
stances nevertheless treasure integrity 
in daily lives. Quaker merchants 
weaned our Anglo-Saxon culture from 
the barter system. In that system the 
merchant needed to lie in setting his 
price. The buyer was compelled to lie 
in making a counter offer. An agreed- 
on price resulted from a ritual of lying. 
Quakers were the first to set a fixed 
price that they judged to be fair. A 
remnant of the barter system often 
remains when we purchase an auto or 
a home. We either enjoy or resent 
having to endure this process. Our 
salvation is with Consumer Reports, 
whose staff endeavors to give us a 
truthful price, for a price. 

The obsession of making absolute 
the sin of perjury may result from the 


Anatomy lessons 

abundance of lawyers in Congress and 
the drove of legal experts who monop- 
olize media circuits. For most of us, 
truthfulness is more important when 
we relate to our families, associates at 
work, and people with whom we deal 
in serving our needs. 

Traditionally, Brethren enjoyed the 
reputation of being folk for whom 
their word was as good as their bond. 
Their integrity was not held hostage to 
the degree of honesty of a president. 
Andy Murray, a Brethren folk singer 
who is professor of peace studies at 
luniata College, composed a song 
about Cyrus Bomberger. In verses he 
sings how Cyrus, who could be 
trusted to give two full measures in a 
two-bushel bag, would be trusted to 
walk right in the pearly gates. Gabriel 
would report to St. Peter: 

"If he says his name is down in the 
book, it's there without a doubt." 

The chorus summarizes: 

"He's a full measure man. 

He won't tell you a lie. 

When Cyrus rolls his wagon to the 

lust wave him right on by. 

Level on the level, signed with the 
shake of a hand. 

Unaffected, well-connected 

Simple, honest man." 

Traditions stressing the nonviolent 
nature of lesus are the same ones 
that have embodied teachings against 
the oath. Again, the relationship is 
substantiated in Bonhoeffer's inter- 
pretations of the Sermon on the 
Mount. He advocates that disciples be 
extremely cautious about any pledge 
of an oath of allegiance. 
Since Christians are bound to the 

will of God alone, no earthly obliga- 
tions can be absolutely binding. The 
future must be free from absolute alle- 
giances other than our promised 
allegiance to lesus as Lord in discern- 
ing the will of God. Similarly, 
whenever peace traditions have dis- 
cerned the Way of Christ to be 
incompatible with the demands of the 
state, they have espoused a higher 
allegiance to the will of God incarnate 
in the lesus way. 

What are the implications of non- 
conformist attitudes about oaths to 
the president's impeachment? If lying 
is common in high places and our cul- 
ture, there may be credence in those 
who proclaim another admonition of 
lesus: "Let anyone among you who is 
without sin be the first to throw a 
stone"(|ohn 8:7). Most commentators 
agree that Clinton sinned. In the same 
passage, lesus admonished the sinner 
to sin no more. Since it is sinful to lie, 
it is sinful to lie under oath. 

Yet when the sin of perjury is per- 
meated with an absolutist ethos, 
temptations emerge that subvert pos- 
sibilities of forgiveness and a chance 
for a new beginning. Whenever one 
person becomes the scapegoat, it is 
easy for the rest of us to ignore or 
rationalize our sins. We need to foster 
faith responses that encourage the 
integrity of everyone. And in the pre- 
sent context of judgment and hatred, 
we need to revive New Testament 
themes of forgiveness and 
redemptive love. 


Dale W. Brown, professor emeritus, Bethany 
Theological Seminary, presently relates to the 
)'oimg Center for the Study of .Anabaptist and 
Pietist Groups and the satellite of Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary on the campus of 
Elizabethtonm College. EUzabelhtown, Pa. 

Qne day, my nephew was accompanying my mother to the 
doctor's office. He noticed a picture on the office wall 
and wanted to know what it was. After my mother 
explained to him that it was a picture of the human heart, 
Paul pondered for a moment, and then asked very seri- 
ously, "But where's God?" 

Another day, my then six-year-old daughter, Esther, was 
admiring her hands. She was grasping one finger with her 

other hand, and said, "There's bones in there." 

I responded, "Yes, that's right." 

She continued, "God did a good job making us." (Silence.) 
"He stayed in the lines." — Sue Wagner Fields 

Sue Wagner Fields, ofBemville, Pa., is an ordained minister of the Church of the 
Brethren working in areas ofjtistice. peace, simple lii'ing. and family. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorfid, humorous or poignajit stories of real-life 
incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission W Messenger. 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin. IL 60120-1694 or e-mail to the editor at 

24 Mf.sskni.;fr January/February 1999 


When words are an improvement over the wonderful silence, 
you'd better say them. Otherwise, you'd better not. 

luaker silence 

appreciated your editorial com- 
lents about silence in the November 
isue. In October, I attended a writ- 
ig colloquium at the Earlham 
chooi of Religion in Richmond, 
nd. A student there, Elizabeth 
yzenga, shared the best explanation 
've heard for the silence of Friends 
leeting. She sent me a copy, so I 
lought I'd pass her words along. 

Ron Marlin-Adkins 
Washington. D.C. 

The following is used with permis- 
lon of the author. Elizabeth Lyzenga. 
'0111 Ann Arbor. Mich., who is in her 
vrd year as a student at Earlham 
chool of Religion. 

One thing Quakers are best known 
Dr is the silence at the center of our 
worship. Ouakers keep silence for at 
;ast two reasons — out of a holy 
kepticism, and a holy awe, of the 
■ower of words. Ouakers, rooted in 
lie silence between words, know 
lost words are unnecessary! Wor- 
hip is a time away from words, to 
eek what is beneath words, beyond 
/ords — more real than words. To 
peak out of the silence, then, is an 
wesome responsibility; to write out 
if that silence is, too. Marianne 
4oore said of poetry, "Anything is 
llowable, so long as it improves on 
he blank page." When words are an 
mprovement over the wonderful 
ilence, you'd better say them. 0th- 
rwise, you'd better not. 

Friends who have sat in silence 
ogether have seen one another, and 
hemselves, scandalously without 
heir words on. We don't need words 
fill up the space between us, or to 
nake sure that God is there. But, we 
ind that into that space, and before 
lur God, words come. 

Many Ouakers know the story of 
ohn Woolman's trip into the back 
;ountry to visit some native Ameri- 
;ans with whom he did not share a 
anguage. During his visit, they took 

time to pray together, and Woolman 
asked the translators not to bother 
translating. Though they could not 
speak to one another, there was a 
sense of divine love among all the 
people gathered, according to Wool- 
man, and he heard later from one 
translator the comment from one 
man there: "1 love to feel where 
words come from." 

As we gather from our different 
places for this weekend, let us 
ground ourselves first in the silence 
together. Before we begin to share 
our love of words, let us share God 
in a deeper place — the place from 
where words come. 

— Elizabeth Lyzenga 

A Quiet Place in Indiana 

Yesterday I sat down in my home for 
lunch and I grabbed two pieces of 
mail to read while I ate: Abbey Letter 
(from St. Gregory's Abbey, Three 
Rivers, Mich.) and Messenger. 1 do 
not think it was coincidence that it 
was those two pieces, as the editorial 
on the last page of Messenger was 
regarding the Abbey. 

For many years I too made fre- 
quent retreats both at St. Gregory's 
and also around the corner at The 
Hermitage, which is a Mennonite 
retreat center. It was there that I felt 
a strong call from God to begin my 
training in retreat work and also 
spiritual direction. 

I have completed the two-year pro- 
gram in spiritual guidance and also 
the one-year program in Christian 
Contemplative Prayer Groups 
through the Shalem Institute in 
Maryland. During that time I fin- 
ished my work with TRIM and was 
ordained in the Church of the 
Brethren in February 1995. 

In March of that year, a group of 
us here in Northern Indiana saw a 
dream fulfilled when we opened A 
Ouiet Place Prayer Center. It is on 
the grounds of Camp Alexander 

Mack in Milford, Ind. It is a small 
three-bedroom retreat house for 
which I am director — cooking, 
cleaning, meeting with persons in 
spiritual direction, leading retreats, 

The Center can just barely keep me 
in a part-time position financially 
and because of that I have been 
working half-time at Camp Mack. 
Since I have also gone back to col- 
lege I am cutting back on my hours 
there so that I can devote more time 
to "marketing" our Prayer Center. 

I really believe that what we need 
in our world today is fewer words 
and more time and place to listen for 
the voice of the Holy. I sense your 
affirmation of that! However, I think 
most people do not realize that is 
what they need. Your article touched 
a place deep within me. 

You can find us on the internet at 
campmack(g and then click 
on Ouiet Place. I also have a home 
address: milfam(« 

Norma Miller 
Milford. Ind. 

December made me think 

I want to thank you for some excel- 
lent articles in the December issue of 
Messenger, particularly Paula 
Bowser's sermon on Amos with this 
sentence: "Amos has the gall to point 
out that the whole time we're sinning 
away we're knee-deep in church." It 
almost surprises me that she is able 
to keep a pastorate, if she makes 
statements like that very often. More 
power to her, and to you for includ- 
ing such in Messenger. 

Sara Speicher's article about the 
work of the World Council of 
Churches regarding nonviolence was 
very good. It seems the church is 
willing to talk nonviolence in Sunday 
school, but not at the polling booths. 

Dale Aukerman's article on for- 
giveness is very much needed. I am 
still struggling with how, in this 
world, all force can be disavowed. I 

January/February 1999 Messenger 25 

appreciated your editorial on the two 
Christmases. This is another area 
where it isn't easy to determine just 
how much simplicity or tinsel is 
accepable to God. 

Phil Zinn 
Tampa, Fla. 

Church respects youth 

From a Church of the Brethren youth 
who attended National Youth Con- 
ference and a Peace Academy at the 
Illinois/Wisconsin District Confer- 
ence, thank you. Instead of 
promoting the hokey, demeaning 
pledges to wait for "true love" that 
some churches bother with, the 
Church of the Brethren has been 
encouraging youth to decide on 
something that really matters and to 
make important personal choices no 
one else encourages us to make. 
Pacifism is not advocated enough in 

the world today, even by many 
churches, although it can make the 
most Christ-like impact on God's 
world. The Peace Pledge we have 
taken shows that our church respects 
youth as mature adults, and that we 
are ready to prove ourselves as such. 
Audrey DeCaiisey 
York Center Church of the Brethren 
Lombard, III. 

The overpopulation problem 

Assume that each of us directly or 
indirectly uses a body weight of 
material goods every day [see "Being 
good to God's good earth," Novem- 
ber]. By my calculation, if there were 
half as many of us, only half as much 
stuff would be used, half as many 
cars and SUV's would congest our 
streets, etc. Why can't we under- 
stand that overpopulation is a major 

factor in many of our environmental 
and social problems.? If we have 
more than two children or four 
grandchildren, aren't we part of the 

Donald B. Mille 
Corvallis, Ore 

The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessaril 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them i, 
the same spirit with which differing opiniotTS are expressei 
in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful ofth 
opinions of others. Preference is given to letters tha 
respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a write 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warrantee 
We luill not consider any letter that comes to u 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, th 
writer's name is kept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to Messenger editor, 1451 Dunde 
Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

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Camp managers. The Western Plains District is seek- 
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Labor Day. Camp Mt. Hermon is located near 
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Camp Colorado is located in the Pike National Forest, 
about an hour from Denver, For more information, 
contact Ron Achilles, chair of the Outdoor Ministry 
Commission, at Rt. 1, Box 143, Quinter, Kan, 67752, 
or call at 785-754-2322, 

Program Field Staff. The Association of Brethren 
Caregivers is seeking a full-time program field staff to 
be responsible for coordinating the program of the 
Denominational Deacon Ministry and other ministries, 
possibly Family Life Ministry and Lafiya: A Whole-Person 
Health Ministry This position will fill the vacancy cre- 
ated by the retirement of Jay Gibble and June Gibble, 
who had shared this full-time position. Jay Gibble 
retired Jan. 1; June Gibble will retire mid-year The ideal 
candidate will exhibit the following qualifications and 
qualities: relevant experience; appreciation of the spe- 
cial ministry of deacons within the Church of the 
Brethren; enthusiasm for the mission and ministries 
of ABC, understanding of the Church of the Brethren 
heritage, theology and polity; bachelor's degree in a 
related field; high energy and motivation for excel- 
lence; proficiency in interpretation and consensus 
building; excellent communication, organization and 
computer skills. Some travel will be required. Send 
letter of application, resume and three references to 
Steve Mason, Executive Director, ABC, 1451 Dundee 
Ave,, Elgin, IL 60120, 

Spiritual care and development director. Full- 
time position at a rural 98-bed Brethren long term care 
facility located in central Illinois. Provide spiritual care 
to residents, families, and personnel. Assist adminis- 
trator and board with fundraising and development 
projects. Seeking licensed or ordained minister with 
strong written and verbal skills. Mail or fax resume to 
Pleasant Hill Village, 1010 W, North St,, Girard, III,, 
62640, Fax 217.627.3604. For information call Paulette 
Miller at 217,627.2181. 


Travel to Amiual Conference in Milwaukee, with visit 
to Wisconsin Delis, Chic;igo, the Henry Ford Museum i 
Dearborn, Michigan, and the Brethren offices in Elgir 
For information please write to J, Kenneth Kreider, 130 
Sheaffer Road, Elizabethtown PA 17022. 


Glendale Church of the Brethren 
7238 N. 6 1st Avenue 
Glendale, AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Community Church of the Brethren 
1 1 1 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602) 985-8819 

Sunday Services 10:15 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 
Phoenix, AZ 850 1 6 (602) 955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 

Sunday Services 10:00 AM 

26 Messenger January/February 1999 

lurnii Foints 

Jew Members 

LFcadia, Intl.; Aaron Hook, Adam 

loise Valley, Meridan, Idaho: Mattie 

Iridgewacer. Va.: Chester and Eleanor 
Bowman. Brent and Karen Holl. 
Reta Kuper, Ann Wright. Carl and 
Madaline Zigler 

Champaign. 111.: Kay Leeds 

)ixon. III.: loAnne Munson 

)ouglas Park, Chicago, III.: limmy 
Whitfield, Richard Rincon, Tony 

)uPont, Ohio: Don Fisher. Wendy 
Fisher, Vickie Rayle. William Rayle 
IV. Chet Thomas. Lois Thomas 

iastwood, Akron, Ohio: |oel Abe, 
Yvonne Resch. Angela Mover, les- 
sica Shives, lennifer Shives, Revawn 

English River, South English, Iowa: 
Kristen Stoner, Nicholas Stoner, 
Matthew Miller, Andrew Miller, 
Courtney Ballard Goldman. Nate 

Juernsey. Monticello. Ind.: Georgia 
Sanders. Larry Sterrett 

lanover. Pa.: lames Bryner, Joan 
Bryner. Lois McCormick 

lershey-Spring Creek, Hershey, 
Pa.:Alex Royal, Arthur Garrison, 
Mildred Garrison, Roy Gesford. 
lacob Mellinger-Blouch, Gregory 
Waybright, Deanna Waybright 

ones Chapel, Martinsville. Va,: Mike 
and Donna Luther, Michelle Luther, 
Erica Stump. Kristyn Wingfield, 
Tyler Dollarhite 

Cent. Ohio: Paul Ruley IV. lill Wimer, 
Nicholas Wimer, Tom Smith, Dawna 
Smith, Amy Savarino, Marsha Fox, 
Tim Nelson. Melodie Gossett 

.ogansport, Ind.: Rick and Missy 

ilarilla, Kaleva, Mich.: Beth Welch 

ilechanicsburg. Pa.: Thomas Bowes. 
Robert Courtois, Merle Gulshall. ief- 
frey and Patty Hammaker, Kevin and 
Lisa Lewelien, Roger and Donna 

tliddle Creek, Lititz, Pa.: John Shen- 
bergcr. Donna Shenberger, Shannon 
Shenberger, lennifer Shenberger 

4ount Hermon, Bassett, Va.: lason 
Haynes, lohn Edwards 

'Jokesville, Va.: Eric Michael Truschel, 
Arlene Iverson 

Jlivel, Thomville, Ohio: [eff Ours, Mary 
Lou Stoltz, Brenda and Bobbi |o Bur- 
nett, |im and ludy Davisson, David 
Henderson, LouAnn Henderson, Ian 
Henderson, Annie Henderson 

'leasant Dale, Decatur. Ind.: joe! Burk- 
head. Earl Doll, Mike Geyer. Marilyn 
Geyer, Rachel Geyer, Crystal Geyer, 
Nathan Mugg, Marius Veres 

'leasanl View, Burkittsville, Md.: 
Martha Moser, Dawna Beauchamp, 
Shirley Yoe 

'lumcreek. Shelocta, Pa.: Richard Orr, 
Guy and Norita Toy 

^oxbury, lohnstown. Pa.: Justin Hess, 
Tiffany Lint, Nicholas Petrovich, 
Carolyn Fisher, Linda Livingston, 

Mark Livingston, Ashley Livingston 
Salkum, Wash.: Steve Craig, [oanne 

Cox, Gaudy Pfranger, Tyrel Vernard. 

Lou Ann Moore. Charii Vernard. 

Traci MeDaniel, Christina Butterton, 

Christopher Clark, Derek lackson 

Singleton, lames Church, Martha 

Sturgeon, Lorena Lindley 
Troutville. Va,: Adam R. Woodie 
Waynesboro, Pa.: Grace Kelly Smith, 

David Hockenberry, Brian Angle, 

Nicholas Moyer, Angela Smith, Lori 

Mong, Shay Wolford, Amy Martin. 

Erica Mong, Emily Angle 
West Goshen. Goshen, Ind: lanet Culp. 

Don and Carol Kennedy, luanita 

Woodbury, Pa.: Brent Houp. Nicole Love 


Brinkmeier, Reuben and Arlene, Pearl 

City. 111-. 60 
Chandler. |im and Marie. Nampa. 

Idaho, 55 
Flora, David and Mabel, Bridgewater, 

Va., 50 
Forrester, Raymond and Penny. 

Nokesville, Va.. 50 
Francy, Leonard and Margaret. Winlock, 

Wash.. 55 
Gillespie, William and Selena. Silver 

Lake, Ind., 60 
Hamilton, David and Velma, Virden. 

III., 70 
lacoby, Paul and Anna. Coopersburg. 

Pa., 50 
Jones. Vern and Bonnie, Avon Park, 

Fla., 50 
Keenan, Harold and Helen, Onalaska, 

Wash.. 65 
KJnzie, lames L. and Mable. Troutville. 

Va., 60 
Lackey, Ted and Sally, Brunswick. Md.. 50 
Leckrone, Sam and Lucy. Copemish, 

Mich.. 60 
Miller, Russell and Catharine. North 

Hampton, Ohio, 50 
Moore, ."Vrthur and Genevieve, Nampa, 

Idaho, 72 
Oxley, Derald and Audrey, Onalaska, 

Wash., 50 
Pullin, Harold and Irma, Waterloo, 

Iowa, 65 
Rader, lohn and Martha, Troutville, 

Va., 65 
Smith, W. H. "Bill" and Ava, Bassett. 

Va., 65 
Sowers, Glenn and Beatrice, 

Brunswick, Md., 50 
Ulrig, lohn and Mary, Greenville, 

Ohio, 75 
Williams, Bob and Evelvn. Mossyrock, 

Wash., 50 
Zimmerman. Mim and Wib, Ligonier, 

Pa., 50 


Adamson. Theodore, 83. Onego. 

W.Va.. Nov. 7 
Anders. Cleo. Arcanum, Ohio, Dec. 1997 
Armenlrout. locie T. 90. Harman, 

W.V. Oct. 15 
Belcher, W. Harold. 72, Fincastle, Va,, 

May 10 
Bower, Donald K., 89, Wichita, Kan., 

Oct. 23 
Boyer, Mabel. 82, Shelocta, Pa., |une 3 
Boyers, Ira "Houck," 73. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. Nov. 2 
Bridge, C. Lucille Studebaker, 82, New 

Carlisle, Ohio, Oct. 30 
Brown. Maxine. 72, Sugarcreek, Ohio, 

Nov. 20 
Bucher, K. Esther, 87, Lancaster, Pa., 

Nov. 24 
Buntain, Paul R.. 86. Mossyrock. 

Cable, lohn |.. 87. Hollsopple, Pa., 

Oct. 22 
Cade. Willis, 81, Monon. Ind., Nov, 2 
Carpenter. Edna Miles. 91. Leonard. 

Mo,, Oct. 8 
Detwiler. 1. Emory, 88. Roaring 

Spring. Pa., Oct. 5 
Dresher, Doris. 81. Savov. 111.. Oct. 4 
Dick. Grace E., 92, Clymer. Pa.. Sept. 1 7 
Durbin. Michael L.. 47. Danville. 

Ohio. Nov. 18 
Dvarman. Clara. 72. Newville, Pa., 

" July 23 
Eikenberry, Charlotte. Lewisburg. 

Ohio. Feb.. 1998 
Fisher, lohn, 69, Roaring Spring, Pa., 

Oct. 22 
Fouse, K. Evelyn. 74. Roaring Spring. 

Pa., Sept. 27 
Fry, Edwin. Sinking Spring. Pa.. Dec. 6 
Fryman, Harold. 83. Goshen, Ind., 

Oct, 24 
Gillespie, Donna Kay. 53. Brandvwine. 

W.Va., Nov, 13 
Class, Hattie, Reading, Pa,, Dec. 19 
Grim, Robert N.. 55. Spring Grove. 

Pa.. Nov. 1 3 
Gugleman, Wilma. 83, Ft. Wayne, Ind., 

Dec. 6 
Heisey, David, 44, Farmington Hills. 

Mich.. Nov. 27 
Hollen, Francis. 87. Bridgewater, Va., 

Sept. 2 
Honeyman. Noel, Laura, Ohio, Feb., 1998 
Hosletier, Mary, 69, Hollsopple, Pa., 

Nov. 23 
Hoy, Virginia Senseman, 91, Hamilton, 

Ohio, Dec, 4 
Jordan, Ruth Crist, 92, Bridgewater. 

Va„ Nov, 14 
Kimmel, lulia, 77, Shelocta, Pa,, Dec, 7 
Kissinger, William C., 86, Waynesboro, 

Pa,, Nov. 21 
Knepp, Shirley A., 64, Martinsburg, 

Pa.. Nov. 15 
Knott, Ray M., 66, Dayton, Va,, Nov. 1 5 
Landes, Ralph. 92, Kansas City, Kan,, 

Nov. 16 
Long, lohn Daniel. 84. New Oxford. 

Pa.. Nov. 6 
Marquard, Grace. 99, Roaring Spring, 

Pa,. Sept. 9 
Marston, George Ray. 57, Mount 

lackson. Va., Nov. 5 
Maxson, Robert. 75, Elkhart, Ind., 

Sept. 25 
Mendenhall, Bernice, 90, Waterloo, 

Iowa, Nov. 18 
Merriman, Margaret. 95, Rocky 

Mount, Va.. Dec. 3 
Miller, Franklin D., 65, Moorefield. 

W.Va., Nov. 3 
Miller, Garland, 86, Bridgewater, Va., 

Sept. 7 
Miller, Roger. Laura, Ohio. Feb.. 1998 
Myers, Miriam, Laura. Ohio. Nov, 
Norwood, Glenn. 72, Kokomo, Ind., 

Sept. 27 
Pence, Edna, 95, Bridgewater, Va., 

Sept, 2 
Ramsey, Brenda, 70, Hollsopple. Pa,. 

lune 1 2 

Reber, Margarette, 84. N, Manchester, 

Ind., luly 30 
Rolston. Ursula Lewein. 92. Sheldon. 

Iowa. Feb. 25, 1998 
Seybold, Faith Studebaker Owen, 97. 

Hamilton, Ohio, Dec. 6 
Shaffer, Hollis W., 95, Whitewater, 

Kan., Nov. 28 
Shearer, Ruth Seibel, Greenville, Ohio. 

Ian., 1998 
Slusher. Ruth, Bridgewater, Va.. Nov. 21 
Smith. Ruth. Greenville. Ohio. Aug. 8 
Sumpter, Richard. 67. N. Liberty. Ind., 

Aug. 1 I 
Teaford, Gale. 91, Greenville, Ohio, 

Sept. 14 
Teets. Roscoe R,. Eglon, W,Va.. Dec. 19 
Thompson. Edith, Greenville, Ohio, 

Feb.. 1998 
Togasaki. Yoshiko, 93, Berkeley, Calif.. 

Dec, 20 
Trowbridge, Carol, 70, Wauneta, Neb., 

Dec. I 
Uhl, Edna. 82, Coopersburg, Pa., Oct. 17 
VanSickle, Grace Hewitt, 101, Hazelton, 

W.Va., Nov. 14 
Wantz, Anna P, 79, York, Pa,, Nov, 7 
Waud, Dorothy, 81, Quakertown. Pa., 

lune 7 
Weldy. Lewis L.. 79. Bristol. Ind.. Nov. 13 
Weyant, Hattie, 85, Greenville, Ohio, 

Nov, 5 
Weyant, Margaret E., 78, New Oxford. 

Pa,, Nov. 15 
Wiley, Helen E. March, 89, York, Pa,, 

Nov. 7 
Willis. Adeline. 90. Newville. Pa.. Nov. 20 
Wingert, Mary Shockey, 96. New 

Oxford. Pa,. Nov. 4 


Bowser, Harold, from Holsinger, New 
Enterprise, Pa., to Diehls 
Crossroads. Martinsburg, Pa, 


Christine, Michael L.. Aug. 14, Maple 

Grove, Salix, Pa, 
Cosner, Elmer, Nov. 14, Fairview, 

Oakland, Md, 
Dueck, Stanley B,, Nov, I, Coventry, 

Pottstown, Pa. 
Hess, lohn M.. Feb. 14. 1998. Middle 

Creek, Lititz, Pa, 
Miller-Rieman, Christen, Sept. 10, N, 

Manchester, Ind. 
Min, Young, Feb, 8, 1997, Grace 

Christian, Upper Darby, Pa, 
Ort, David, Beech Run, Mapleton 

Depot, Pa, 
Satvedi, Valentina, Sept, 19, North 

County, San Marcos. Calif. 


Dell, Ernest. Nov. 7. Beech Run. 
Mapleton Depot. Pa. 

Fbc, Eleanor. Sept. 1 2. New Enterprise, Pa, 

Hood. Dana, Sept, 10. Bachelor Run. 
Bringhurst, Ind, 

Maclay. Connie. Sept, 12, Spring Run, 
McVeytown, Pa. 

Nissly, Glenn. Oct. 20, Tear Coat, 
Augusta, W,Va. 

Titzell. Linda S.. luly 15. Mechanics- 
burg, Pa, 

Yazell. luanita Louise, Aug, 20. East 
Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 

January/February 1999 Messenger 27 

Kindling lights my fire 

The snow and cold have kept me by the living room 
fireplace of evenings, reading, thini<ing, praying, Hs- 
tening to music. These have been warm but melancholy 
times, as I ponder bombs dropping on Iraq, and the 
impeachment trial, and a new year with opportunity to be 
more active in the struggle for justice and peace. Into my 
winter reverie came one day by mail the new CD album 
"Kindling Live!" by the Brethren folk band Kindling. This 
music has not only brought hope and joy to my fireside, 
but it has explained to me the times and my role in them. 

I am no music writer, so it will be difficult for me to 
describe how these songs stir my soul. If it is true that 
they who sing pray twice, then it may also be said that 
they who sing for me pray for me twice. Kindling's music 
adds a dimension of truth to spiritual messages that we 
mere writers can't approach. The group's members are 
Steve Kinzie of La Verne, Calif., Shawn Kirchner of 
Chicago, Lee Krahenbiihl of Kalamazoo, Mich., and Peg 
Lehman, of Elgin, 111. Not only are they excellent musi- 
cians, they are committed Christians and Brethren on the 
cutting edge of our church's politics and witness. They 
had come together for a jam session almost by chance 
during the Cincinnati Annual Conference in 1996; I first 
heard them at a late-night concert during the 1997 
Annual Conference in Long Beach, Calif. It was an extra- 
conference unofficial session, but there was more church 
there than at much of the sanctioned meeting. And then I 
saw them perform in Elgin, III., last |une, the concert 
from which this live album was produced. 

It is thrilling to hear Kindling live, but with "Kindling 
Live!" on CD I can go back to songs again and again. 
The one I go back to most is "Zion," written by Shawn 
Kirchner. The liner notes tell me the words are drawn 
from Psalm 46:4, Revelation 22:1 -2, and the old hymn 
"Marching to Zion." From the beginning slow-but-deter- 
mined piano in the rhythm of a spiritual, later joined by 
Kirchner's clear tenor, I am reassured that God is as 
aware as I am that bombs are dropping on Iraq. "There is 
a river/Whose streams flow forth/From Zion, the city of 
God." This reminds me that God's love and justice flow 
on without depending on me. "The trees of life/Grow 
upon its banks/Whose leaves bring the healing of the 
nations." Not I but God will bring the healing of the 
nations. As though to send home the song's statement of 
faith, Lee Krahenbiihl takes off on a saxophone solo that 
makes my spirit soar. 

Kindling is about the struggle for justice, but with God 
in charge. Strength for the struggle comes from within. 
These activists start with an active inner life, celebrated 

by Steve Kinzie's "The Place of Splendor," using words 
by the mystical spritual writer Jessica Powers. The gate 
to the outer world "lies in your soul" and "you must rise 
and go by inward passage from what earth you know." 
By my winter fire 1 hear God telling me to begin deep 
within. That's where strength and courage come from. 

They also come from being loved. In the middle of this 
spiritual and political collection is a plain and simple love 
song. When Peg Lehman sings Randy Newman's "Feels 
Like Home," I think first of my joy that an old friend 
after years of loneliness has found a new love. ("If you 
knew how lonely my life has been/And how low I've felt 
for so long/If you knew how I wanted someone to come 
along/And change my life the way you've done. . ..") But 
then I look across the living room to the person by the 
fire with me, realizing that the only thing better than new 
love is seasoned love. ("And I'm all right 'cause I have 
you here with me/And I can almost see through the dark 
there's a light.") My home feels like home to me. And 
when things are good at home I can better face the 

Grounded in home and inner peace. Kindling faces the 
world with, in Krahenbiihl's memorable phrase, "no 
more afraiding." Persistence in the struggle for justice 
gets its theme song in "We Are Not Going Away" by Lee 
Krahenbiihl. It will resonate with anyone who has ever 
carried a picket sign in protest. "We are not going 
away — We are not going away/God blesses the children 
who stand up and say/We are not going away." It 
encourages aging protesters not to get comfortable, but 
to keep making others uncomfortable. We are not going 
away. It reminds an old church to keep fighting the good 
fight. We are not going away. 

And then if we are faithful, God can make the miracles 
happen. Steve Kinzie writes of his "Dream" in which 
there was a table with food enough for everyone, all 
those driven into exile became free, families were 
reunited, and vanquished tribes restored to dignity. 

As I throw another log on my winter fire, I know this 
music answers my troubled prayer. Thank you God for 
"All those whose lives had been broken 
by greed and hate, by bullet, bomb, and sword 
in the beauty of that day, their tears were wiped away 
and all their joy restored." — Fletcher Farrar 

Readers may contact Kindling by e-mail at or by writing to 208 Edgemooi 
Ave.. Kalamazoo. MI 49001 -4206. 

28 Messenger January/February 1999 

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UtAi. iV ,1 









Turn to God-Rejoice in Hope 

Tlie World Council of Churches Eighth Assembly 


1 hanf{ \oii jor good material, rooted in the Bible. — Illinois 
Iv^ilv^r "-^ superb resource. ..lots of ideas that u'0)\. " — Michigan 


"StoiyTelter is a hit! Several oj the leaders agreed to u'orl( again 
next year, but only ij we used The StoiyTeller Series. " — Alabama 

"'^^s GalteV*^*' 

The/} Jesus said to Simon, 

"Do not be afraid; j mm iioir on you tvill be catching people. " When they had brought 

their boats to shore, they left eveiythmg and foUoived him. 

{Luke 5:10-11} 

1999 Vacation Bible School 

To place an order or to request a brochure, call Brethren Press at 800-441-3712. 

March 1999 


Editor; Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 


On the cover: Some of the Brethren from the US 
and Nigeria gathered quickly for a photo outside 
the worship tent in Harare. Pictured are (uHe 
Liggett, Wendy McFadden, Rebecca Kwabe, Judy Mills Reimer, 
George Reimer, Ken Miller- Rieman, and Kwanye Toma. Other 
Brethren at the WCC Eighth Assembly are pictured in the cov- 
erage that begins on page 9. 

Coming next issue 

The April issue features a preview of the 
2 1 3th Church of the Brethren Annual Con- 
ference, to be held in Milwaukee, including 
an interview with Moderator Lowell Flory. 


9 Our church at the World Assembly 

Messenger publisher Wendy McFadden 
was part of the Church of the Brethren del- 
egation to the World Council of Churches 
World Assembly in Harare, Zimbabwe. She 
reports on the state of world ecumenism, 
and where it may go in the next 50 years. 

17 It takes more than food 

Hunger wears many faces. It has many 
causes. And God's faithful must learn to 
battle hunger in all its complexities. David 
Radcliff, director of Brethren Witness, 
reports on the church's anti-hunger 
efforts, and the challenges it faces. 

23 Mitch teaches economics 

Sue Wagner Fields was planning to lead 
a Church of the Brethren delegation to 
Central America to study how global eco- 
nomics affects the poor. The plans were 
interrupted by a hurricane, which made 
the lessons all the more stark and urgent. 

27 What to do with your anger 

Frank Ramirez gets angry, though not as 
angry as writers of the Psalms. Those writ- 
ers knew what to do with anger, and they 
let God have it! 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 



March 1999 Messenger 1 


When I arrived at the University of Zimbabwe in Harare, I noticed that many of 
the guards and cleaning women were wearing buttons that read, "Do some- 
thing for peace." I figured the buttons had something to do with the World Council 
of Churches Assembly, but why a peace button? I wondered. 

The next morning, one of the first people I encountered was E. Paul Weaver of the 
Church of the Brethren. He quickly handed me a button and said he had brought 
4,000 to give away. Since he'd already been in town for several days, he'd given 
most of them away. He had 1 ,000 more to take to Nigeria, his next destination. 

The peace buttons were E. Paul's idea, but made possible by family members who 
contributed the funds in memory of his brother, L. John Weaver, who died in 1997. 

By the end of the 12-day assembly, it seemed everyone on campus was wearing a 
button. They were even spotted on people attending a soccer game in town, an event 
that had nothing to do with the ecumenical gathering. 

1 like to think that Church of the Brethren participation in the World and National 
Councils of Churches is a little like those buttons: We're small, but we make a quiet 
contribution that is noticed and appreciated. 

But that's not the reason we are members. While we do have a contribution to 
make in these kinds of gatherings, the purpose of our participation should come 
from a different motivation. We should participate out of a desire to witness to the 
unity of Christ and to be enriched through fellowship with Christians from around 
the world. 

in an article reprinted in the Aug. 21,1 948, Gospel Messenger, on the eve of the 
first WCC assembly, (ohn C. Bennett wrote words that are still appropriate today: 
"When you think of the World Council of Churches and of Amsterdam, think not 
only of ecclesiastical machinery and of the gathering of a few church leaders and 
think of more than unity. Think also of the ways in which unity and rebirth have 
been combined in the life of the World Council. Here is a chance for the vision of 
each local church to become different if it is aware of its relation, not to a far-off 
meeting, but to the common life of the churches that are represented there." 

As we reflect on the meeting in Harare, and as we prepare for our own assembly 
coming up in Milwaukee, may we be reminded that the work of )esus is far greater 
than our own experience. God is able to work through imperfect gatherings of 
imperfect disciples. In the last worship service of the Harare assembly, Emilio Castro 
reminded us: "As a shaky ship we go on sailing, 'setting our eyes on (esus, the pio- 
neer and perfecter of our faith.' It is God's power, it is God's cause." 


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2 Messenger March 1999 



Knob Creek marks 200 years of faithfulness 

Knob Creek Church of the Brethren, Johnston City, Tenn., will be celebrating its 
bicentennial Sept. 19, 1999. Organized in 1799, it is the Brethren "Mother Church" 
of Tennessee. 

Elder Samuel Garber rode 300 miles on horseback from Virginia to Tennessee to help 
organize a church, and after his visit the first love feast was held. In its early days the 
church had two pastors — one preached in English and the other preached in German. 

For the first 3 5 years the congregation did not have a building but met in homes once a 
month. Two of the homes where the congregation met are still in use today. A log church 
building was built in 1834 and used until 1905, when the present church building was 
erected. In 1934 the Tennessee District Conference was held at Knob Creek to celebrate 
the centennial of the old church building. — Margaret Sherfey Holley 

Knob Creek Church of the Brethren as it looked in 1S34 and today. 

OMA event focuses on 
conflict and ecology 

The Outdoor Ministries 
Association of the Church 
of the Brethren held its 
professional growth event 
Nov. 19-23 at Camp Ithiel 
in Florida. 

The group visited the 
coastland for a look at the 
ecology of Florida's wet- 
lands, had lunch on the 
national seashore, and vis- 
ited Cape Canaveral. 

The camp leaders were 

introduced to |erry Eller, 
who spoke to the group 
about how to deal with 
conflict and violence in 
school-age children and 
the teen population. Eller, 
a member of the New 
Covenant Fellowship 
Church of the Brethren, 
Gotha, Fla., is a school 
guidance counselor. He 
led the group through sev- 
eral mock demonstrations 
of teen violence, and 
methods of conflict man- 
agement, avoidance, and 


OMA (Outdoor Min- 
istries Association) is 
committed to the educa- 
tional ministry of Church 
of the Brethren camps in 
partnership with congre- 
gations, districts, and 
denominational and ecu- 
menical groups. OMA 
supports the total ministry 
of the church, including 
education, evangelism, 
peace education, and stew- 
ardship of all resources. 

— David Smalley 

March 1999 Messenger 3 



Howard Sollenberger, 81, 
a Church of the Brethren 
member who served with 
the US State Department's 
Foreign Service Institute 
for 29 years as a Chinese 
languages and cultural spe- 
cialist, died |an. 19 in 
McLean, Va., after suffer- 
ing a stroke. 

Sollenberger grew up in 
China, where his parents 
served as missionaries. A 
Manchester College gradu- 
ate, Sollenberger was 
employed by the Brethren 
Service Committee as 
director of Northern China 
in 1938-1940. After the US 
entered World War II, Sol- 
lenberger was drafted and 
entered Civilian Public Ser- 
vice, in 1 965 he was the 
recipient of a State Depart- 
ment Superior Honor 
Award for "innovative lead- 
ership" and "unflagging 
dedication," calling his 
contribution to Foreign 
Service training "unparal- 
leled in American 
diplomatic history." 

End of musical era at 
Peters Creek church 

The new year brought the 
end of an era at Peters 
Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Roanoke, Va., as 
Estelle Vinyard and Kath- 
leen Craun retired together 
)an. 1 as organist and 
pianist after 45 years of 
service. Each. 

Although the two accom- 
panied each other for a 
total of 90 years, their total 
service to the church 
totaled 145 years. Upon 
their retirement Ian. 1, 
Estelle had played 75 years 
for the church. Kathleen, 

who played for 70 years, 
had spent many of those 
early years at a Peters 
Creek mission point. 

At 89, Vinyard had been 
the church's senior musi- 
cian. She is a lifelong 
member of the congregation, 
having raised her daughter 
in the church as well, 
according to a recent 
Roanoke Times article. She 
started playing the piano at 
age 12 and learned to play 
the pump organ when one 

was donated to the congre- 

Craun, 85, a fourth-gen- 
eration member of the 
church, attends church with 
her daughter and grandson. 
She, too, is a lifelong lover 
of music. As a 10-year-oId, 
she would ride a pony over 
bumpy terrain to attend 
piano lessons from a 
cousin. At 12 she began 
accompanying her father to 
a nearby mission church he 
led where she played a 

Northern Ohio District "Live Report" cast includes: Elizabeth 
Beer, front, Leslie Lake. rear, and others, left to right. Sara 
Keegan. fared Zuercher. Alysia Lubbers, and Joy Hostetler 

Ohio group hits the road with 
General Board Live Report 

Northern Ohio District in February and March will 
break new ground by taking an abbreviated version of 
the Church of the Brethren General Board's popular 
Annual Conference Live Report on the road. 

They will tour eight churches with new material created 
by the General Board Live Report Committee. "It's fun to 
do a pilot project with such an enthusiastic and energetic 
group," said Beth Sollenberger Morphew, coordinator of 
the General Board's Area 2 Congregational Life Team. 
"They will be good spokespeople for the General Board." 

4 Messenger March 1999 

pump organ. 

For the past 45 years, 
the two have been fixtures 
at Peters Creek's piano 
and organ, and for the 
past 30 they have worked 
alongside Vinyard's 
daughter, Betty Lou 
Carter, who has served as 
director of the chancel 
choir and who, on )an. 1, 
became the church's music 

The three musicians 
were honored at a Decem- 
ber reception for their 
longtime service. 

Howard and Lnid l\oidcv> 

Wakarusa honors a 
most active couple 

Howard and Enid Rogers 
of the Wakarusa (Ind.) 
Church of the Brethren got 
a lot of attention last fall, 
when Howard celebrated 
his 90th birthday and the 
couple celebrated their 66th 
wedding anniversary on the 
same day. That's when 
their church and commu- 
nity recognized the couple 
for all the service and vol- 
unteer work they continue 
to do. Howard was featured 
in the local newspaper for 
his continuing work as a 
volunteer builder for Habi- 
tat for Humanity. He 

estimates he has done elec- 
trical wiring for 35 Habitat 
houses over the past 26 
years of his retirement. 
Their pastor, Roger Eberly, 
writes that both Howard 
and Enid are active dea- 
cons, and he serves as 
church clerk. Howard plays 
the harmonica and Enid 
does skits with characters 
made out of potatos — 
including Dic-tater, 
Agi-tater, Spec-tater, and 
Hesi-tater. "We are truly 
glad to have Howard and 
Enid as active members and 
excellent role models," 
Eberly writes. 

Worship workshop 
attracts 29 pastors 

Twenty-nine Church of the 
Brethren Shenandoah Dis- 
trict pastors on |an. 12 
attended a six-hour work- 
shop titled "Brethren, We 
Have Met to Worship." 
Participants worshiped 
together, explored issues, 
shared insights and exam- 
ples of what had worked 
for them, created worship 
components based on lec- 
tionary readings, and 
examined available 
resources. Julie Hostetter, 
coordinator of the General 
Board's Area 3 Congrega- 
tional Life Team, served as 
planner and facilitator. 

Youth work in Tijuana 
at Shalom Ministries 

A few days south of the 
border working and visit- 
ing with their peers is how 
youth from Pacific South- 
west District spent a 
February weekend. Led by 
Dena Gilbert, district 
youth minister from La 

Verne (Calif.) Church of 
the Brethren; Gilbert 
Romero and Fred Borne of 
Bella Vista Church of the 
Brethren, Los Angeles; 
and Linda Williams of San 
Diego Church of the 
Brethren, the 32 youth and 
advisers visited Shalom 
Ministries, located just 
across the Mexican border 
in Tijuana. The group par- 
ticipated in service 
projects of cleaning out a 
gully to help prevent future 
flooding, preparing bags 
of food for distribution. 

and preparing a site for an 

The group's weekend 
concluded with a visit to 
the Tijuana landfill, where 
they distributed food to 
people living in or scav- 
enging within the dump. 
Shalom Ministries has 
longstanding ties to the 
Bella Vista church and 
other Church of the 
Brethren congregations. At 
National Youth Confer- 
ence '98, an evening 
offering raised $ 1 0,0 1 3 to 
assist Shalom's ministries. 

Marilyn Delk, coordinator of volunteers at The Brethren 's 
Home, looks on as Clara Reed, auxiliary director, and 
Alberta McAdams, auxiliary treasurer, present gifts to 
Robert D. Cain. fr.. president and CEO. 

Auxiliary presents gifts to 
Greenville Brethren's Home 

The Auxiliary of the Brethren's Home Retirement 
Community, Greenville, Ohio, recently demonstrated 
their ongoing generosity by making three gifts. Two were 
given to support the resident financial assistance pro- 
grams, and the third gift was used to purchase four 
specialized wheelchairs. Funds for the gifts, which totaled 
$5,600, were raised during 1 998 through bake sales and 
the annual fall bazaar. The Auxiliary, organized in 1959, is 
made up of a nine-member cabinet and many "keywork- 
ers" from the churches of the Southern Ohio District. 

"In Touch " profiles Brethren we would like you to meet. Send story 
ideas and photos to "In 7oi/c/;. " Messenger. 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, It 60120. 

March 1999 Messenger 5 

Diaz is new campus minister 
at McPlierson College 

Manny Diaz was installed in Febru- 
ary as McPherson (Kan.) College's 
campus minister during the college's 
weekly chapel service. Assisting with 
the installation was Richard Hanley, 
executive of the Church of the 
Brethren Western Plains District. 
Until Jan. 3 1 , Diaz had been serving 
part-time as an Area 4 Congrega- 
tional Life Team member for the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board and as part-time executive of 
Southern Plains District. 

New campus minister: 

Don Booz, pastor of the McPherson 
(Kan.) congregation, with Manny 
Diaz, the new McPherson campus 
minister, and Rich Hanley. Western 
Plains district executive. 

•Earl Traughber has been called to 
serve as the new part-time executive 
of Idaho District, beginning Feb. 1. 
Traughber retired from the pastorate 
in 1 994 after serving 30 years. In 
addition to formerly holding pas- 
torates in Illinois and Missouri, he 
previously served as Idaho District's 
executive for eight years. Traughber 
currently is serving as a project 
director for the Church of the 
Brethren General Board's Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries. 

•Lyall Sherred and his wife, 
Vivian, departed the US in February 
for Nigeria, where he will teach Bible 
and Christian doctrine for six 
months at Kulp Bible College, near 
Mubi. The Sherreds are from 

Denver, Colo. Lyall is a retired col- 
lege professor who has served as 
interim pastor at Prince of Peace 
Church of the Brethren in Denver. 

General Board finishes 1998 
with healthy budget surplus 

Heading into the first full year under 
its new design, the Church of the 
Brethren General Board in 1998 had 
many questions about finances. 

Those questions were answered 
with exclamation points in February, 
as the Board's pre-audit figures were 
released, showing a net income over 
expense of $622, 1 10. 

In trying to create a budget that 
would sustain the Board for at least 
five years without major adjust- 
ments, the Board had approved 
income of $5,329,000 and expenses 
of $5, 105,000. The $224,000 bud- 
geted surplus was intended to 
replenish reserves used during the 
redesign process. 

Although congregational giving 
declined by about $25,000, strong 
response to its direct mail, bequest, 
and investment and other income 
categories pushed the Board's 1998 
income to $5,919,723. Meanwhile, it 
spent $203,700 less than budgeted. 

"This positive outcome was 
because of more income than bud- 
geted and careful underspending," 
said ludy Keyser, treasurer. 

As a result, the Board was able to 
transfer $227,563 into its bequest 
quasi endowment and finance 
$168,750 in special one-time 
expenses and still close its year-end 
books with $622, 1 1 of income over 

Three of the Board's five ministries 
that rely on fees or sales also con- 
cluded 1998 with income over 
expense — Messenger ($25,000), 
Emergency Response/Service Min- 
istries ($12,000), and SERRV 
International ($226,000). Two units 
ran deficits — Brethren Press 
($57,000) and New Windsor Con- 
ference Center ($47,000). 

"Even with much staff transition, 

6 Messenger March 1999 

new ministries, and major expense 
reductions, we can feel positive 
about the outcomes in this first full 
year," Keyser said. "A long-term 
approach and continued financial 
support will ensure the ministries of 
the larger church in the future." 

Board sends seed and goats 
to suffering North Koreans 

A $170,000 Global Food Crisis Fund 
(GFCF) grant for North Korea was 
approved in February by the Church 
of the Brethren General Board's 
Executive Committee in response to 
the continuing food emergency in the 
east Asian country. 

"It is estimated that as many as 3 
million people have perished from 
hunger-related causes since 1995," 
said David Radcliff, who manages 
GFCF as the General Board's director 
of Brethren Witness. "This would 
equal over 12 percent of the popula- 
tion." Radcliff added that the 1998 
grain harvest was over 1 million tons 
short of the 4.5 million tons needed to 
provide adequate rations nationwide. 

The current GFCF grant will pro- 
vide 105 metric tons of barley seed 
and 160,000 pounds of early matur- 
ing seed potatoes. It will also 
contribute $45,000 toward a new 
North Korea relief initiative launched 
by Church World Service, and pro- 
vide $50,000 to send 100 dairy goats 
this summer. The goats will have a 
milk production capacity four times 
that of North Korean goats. A por- 
tion of the barley seed will be used by 
families to grow seed for next year's 
crop, lessening their dependence on 
outside seed supplies. 

Church of the Brethren congrega- 
tions and individuals are encouraged 
to support this latest North Korea 
relief effort, Radcliff said. "North 
Korea continues to need massive 
assistance from the outside world," 
he stated. "We are working at ways 
of not just meeting immediate needs 
but helping the people of North 
Korea build a more sustainable 

Upcoming: Caring Ministries 
and Young Adult Conference 

Caring Ministries 2000 is planned 
for )une 1-4, 1999, at Elizabethtown 
(Pa.) College. With the theme "Be 
transformed in body, mind, and 
spirit," this second biennial confer- 
ence, sponsored by Association of 
Brethren Caregivers, is focused on 
helping people find health and 
wholeness to meet the crises of life. 

Major speakers include Phil 
Yancey, author of What's So Amazing 
about Grace and The fesiis I Never 
Knew: Ginny Thornburgh of the 
National Organization for Disabili- 
ties; Barbara Lundblad of Union 
Theological Seminary of New York; 
Staccato Powell of the National 
Council of Churches; Robert Raines, 
director of the Kirkridge Center, 
author, and United Church of Christ 
pastor; Melva Wilson Costen, profes- 
sor of worship and music at 
Interdenominational Theological 
Center, Atlanta, Ga.; (ohn Shea, 
research professor at the Institute for 
Pastoral Studies, Loyola University, 
Chicago; and Phillip Stone, president 
of Bridgewater (Va.) College. 

More than 60 workshops will fea- 
ture additional leaders. Workers in 
healthcare vocations, pastors, and 
deacons are especially encouraged to 
attend. For more information, con- 
tact ABC at or at 

Looking for something to do over 
Memorial Day weekend? Consider 
the Young Adult Conference, which 
has been moved from its traditional 
Thanksgiving time to a different hol- 
iday. Memorial Day. 

This year's theme will be "One 
Creation under God." David Radcliff 
will be leading the conference in 
exploring issues of health and hope, 
peace and community, as a creation 
rather than as a nation. Young Adult 
Conference will include in-depth 
workshops, worship services, the 
annual variety show, outdoor games, 
and the music leadership of Joseph 

For those who want to be especially 
near to creation, tenting areas will be 
available. The dates for the 1999 
Young Adult Conference are May 29- 
5 1 and the location will be Camp 
Woodland Altars in Peebles, Ohio. To 
register or find out more information 
about the conference, call the Youth 
and Young Adult Ministry Office at 

BBT offers family-friendly 
Internet access and e-mail 

A national Internet service using a 
values-based filter that will screen 
out undesirable content is what 
Brethren Benefit Trust's newly cre- 
ated Internet business will offer 
Church of the Brethren members 
early this spring. 

The first product, scheduled to be 
launched in mid-March, will be fil- 
tered Internet access memberships 
and e-mail service through BBT's This new service 
has been designed to filter out poten- 
tially offensive Web content by 
applying screens to 30 categories of 
content including violence, hate, 
pornography, gambling, and home- 
work cheating, as well as sites 
delivering sexually oriented material. 

As the basically unsupervised 
world of the Internet attracts a wider 
promises to be "the first family- 
friendly Internet portal" that applies 
a continuously updated filter to Web 
sites and information obtained 
through subject searches. 

"Our intent is to create a gateway 
to the Web that provides simple, safe 
access to Internet resources — the 
way the Internet was meant to be 
used," said Michael Addison, direc- 
tor of BBT's Information Systems. 
"This is important to Brethren fami- 
lies who want to make sure an 
intelligent gatekeeper is constantly 
watching over their children as they 
explore the world of the Internet. It 
is equally important to individuals 
and employers who want access to 
information without the distraction 

March 1999 Messenger 7 

and disruption of potentially offen- 
sive sites cluttering the search 
process." was scheduled to 
be activated in mid-March for $19.95 
a month. For more information contact or call 

Chiefs exchange launches 
south Sudan peace effort 

Nairobi, Kenya — On Feb. 1 1 the 
New Sudan Council of Churches 
announced that a historic effort at 
reconciling Sudan's two largest 
tribes is being launched with a high- 
profile exchange of visits by Nuer 
and Dinka chiefs to each other's 
areas. This is the first stage of 
moving toward a major indigenous 
peace conference. 

Phil and Louie (Louise) Rieman, 
pastors of Wabash (Ind.) Church of 
the Brethren, are in the region help- 
ing to make preparations for the 
peace conference. Sponsored on this 
trip by the General Board's Global 
Mission Partnerships Office, the Rie- 
mans served as missionaries in 
Sudan for 3 1/2 years. 

The meetings are in Bahr el 
Ghazal, which has become known 
around the world in the past year 
with the devastating famine, rooted 
in the seemingly endless conflict. 
After more than seven years of fight- 
ing and untold levels of suffering, a 
people's peace movement is under- 
way, facilitated by the New Sudan 
Council of Churches and with the 
active support of the military and 
civil administrations in the area. 

This peace conference is an out- 
growth of a nine-day peace 
conference that was held in |une 
1998 among key border chiefs and 
church leaders of the Dinka and 
Nuer from both sides of the Nile 
River in southern Sudan. 

The chiefs are going to the site to 
discuss security for the conference 
and to see the conference site. 

Both the security and the site of 
the conference are unlike what may 

be expected in other conferences, 
sponsored by governments or inter- 
national organizations and held in 
plush hotels or palaces. The Serbia- 
Kosovo conference in France was 
held under the threat of NATO 
bombing attacks, pressured with a 
two-week time line, and presented 
with a peace accord written by the 
international community. By con- 
trast, in south Sudan the Dinka are 
inviting hundreds of Nuer to come 
into their land unarmed and trust the 
Dinka to provide security for the 

The Nuer chiefs will sit with their 
Dinka counterparts and with some of 
the top leadership of the Sudan 
People's Liberation Movement and 
discuss ways to be confident that 
they can advise their people from 
Nuerland to come into enemy terri- 
tory and feel safe. 

Dinka youth and community have 
been working for months to build a 

village of peace to host the peace 
conference. About 1 50 toukels (mud 
and thatch homes) have been built 
along with a meeting house to seat 
1,000 and stores to keep supplies 

At the end of the visit to Dinka- 
land, both Dinka and Nuer will 
board a plane and fly to Nuerland in 
Western Upper Nile. This will be an 
opportunity for them to show their 
unity of commitment to make peace, 
to report on the results of their dis- 
cussions about security, and to tell 
the people of the work that has been 
accomplished to prepare the site for 
the peace conference. 

Once the actual conference begins, 
many will walk for days through dif- 
ficult terrain to attend. The price of 
peace will not come lightly. But the 
peacemakers in the bush of southern 
Sudan are taking the initiative for 
peace. — New Sudan Council of 


"Winds Over the Waters" 

July 4-9, 1999 

A unique Family Camp on the shores of Lake Waubee, 
featuring Brethren musicians and storytellers: 

Debbie Eisenbise - Storyteller & Moiwloguist David Frantz - Musician 

Joe Helfrich - Folksinger & Musician Alan Hoal - Stan/teller 

Jonathan Hunter - Storyteller Steve Kinzie - Folksinger & Songivriter 

Shawn Kirchner - Musician & Choral Director "Kindling" 

Lee Krahenbuhl - Songriter & Folksinger Jim Lehman - Author & Ston/teller 

Peg Lehman - Folksinger & Children's Songs 

Jan and John Long and the Jolliff Family - Folksingers & Square Dance Band 

Barb Sayler - Songleader and the JOYA young adult traveling music team 

Registration: includes all meals, housing, and leadership and is based upon tamily size. 
Children aged 2 and under are welcome without charge. 
Register by May 1 , to avoid 1 0% late fee. 

1 person - $145 

2 persons - $290 

3 persons - $350 

4 persons - $400 

5 or more - $450 

For information or to register contact: 
Camp Alexander Mack 

PC>Bo.\ 158, Milford, IN 46542 
(219) 658-4831 or 

8 Messenger March 1999 

Hammering out hope in Harare 

By Wendy McFadden 

The Eighth Assembly of the World 
Council of Churches was about 

Of course, the delegates voted on 
world issues such as human rights, 
Jerusalem, the challenges of global- 
ization, and debt cancellation. But 
the work that might have more long- 
term significance had to do with who 
the council is and how it will proceed 
into the future. 

In a set of meetings that were both 
introspective and celebratory, the 
WCC wondered aloud about the 
kinds of questions that face many 
50-year-olds: What have I accom- 
plished? Should I make a major 
change in the way I'm living? What 
things are important to me? 

The lengthiest discussions of the 
assembly were given to debate about 
a policy statement called "Towards a 
Common Understanding and 
Vision." Something of an "ecumeni- 
cal charter," the statement sets the 
context by outlining some of the 
changes in the world over the past 50 
years. It carefully rehearses the 
changing self-understanding of the 
council and suggests implications for 
the future. And it speaks to the rela- 
tionships the WCC has with many 
kinds of ecumenical partners. 

While the delegates officially 
received the policy statement, it was 
regarded as a touchstone, a point of 
reference, a "continuous process* '^ 
and not a finished document. This 
process, said the delegates, "calls the 
World Council of Churches deci- 
sively to deepen, as well as broaden, 
the fellowship which we share as 

How can its Christian |^owship 
be deepened? Perhaps the Council 
need look only as far as its own wor- 
ship services. To sllow the spirit and 

At the recommitment service, church leaders exchanged crosses with 
each other. Judy Mills Reimer exchanged crosses with Bishop 
Zacharias Mar Theophilus of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church of 
India. The cross she carried with her to Harare was the Church of the 
Brethren logo handcrafted in metal by Ray Sollenberger of Everett, Pa. 

grace of the worship tent to infect 
the assembly hall might transform 
the business proceedings. To 
exchange papers and speeches for 
hymns might change the outcome of 
the votes. To replace partisan 
applause for prayerful amens might 
bind delegates together more firmly 
than a policy statement. 

The emphasis on relationships was 
evident in the jubilee banner of the 
assembly. According to the biblical 
tradition, every 50th year was to be a 
year of jubilee. "Land and animals 
were to rest, debts were to be can- 
celled, land was to bereturned to its 
original owners," explains Sebastian 
Bakare, chaplain of the University of 
Zimbabwe. "The jubilee year was, in 
short, a year of grace. . . . "The spirh 
of jubilee was also one of rededica- 
tion to the needs of the poor." (The 
Drurf^eai of Life) . 

The assembly theme, "Turn to God 
--r-Rejoice in Hope," was seen as apt 
for a jubilee anniversary. It Was the 
basis for discussion of repentance 
and conversion, of the hope that 
comes because of God's love. The 
delegates said, "The one ecumenical 
movement is not, first of all, about 
programs, structures, and coopera- 
tion. Rather, the foundation for all 
our ecumenical cngagemetit is our 
response to God. It asks for nothing 
less than conversion of our hearts." 

The emotional climax of the assem- 
bly was the 50th-anniversary 
celebration, "Journey to^j^ilee." 
Through video, narration, and live 
appearances of key personalities, some 
of the defining moments of the WCC's 
history came alive. At the conclusion, 
narrator Pauline Webb, summarized: 
"We praise God for all that is past. We 
trust God for all that is to come." 

r/ W* <<4* 

March 1999 Messenger 9 

The peace chuches pay attention 

I'his assembly attracted more than 

■- three dozen members of the historic 
peace churches — Church of the 
Brethren, Mennonites, and Quakers. 
They gathered informally three times 
to discuss matters of common interest, 
particularly the WCC's Program to 
Overcome Violence (see December). 

Members of these churches were 
gratified when the assembly voted to 
launch a Decade to Overcome Vio- 
lence, an emphasis inspired in part 
by the United Nations decision last 
November to proclaim an Interna- 
tional Decade for a Culture of Peace 
and Nonviolence for the Children of 
the World. 

The proposal for the WCC's 
decade was made by Fernando Enns 
of the Mennonite Church in Ger- 
many. In Harare he became the first 
Mennonite to be elected to the 
WCC's central committee. While 
North American Mennonites are not 
members of the WCC, the Dutch and 
German Mennonite churches are 
founding members. 

Historic peace church members also 
followed with interest the assembly's 
approval of a statement condemning 
the use of children as soldiers. The 
issue was introduced by the Quakers, 

who have been working for decades to 
convince the international community 
to address the problem of young 
people under the age of 1 8 being 
forced to serve in the military. 
Various other peace-related issues 

emerged during the assembly, as par- 
ticipants discussed problems such as 
violence against women, the preva- 
lence of small arms, nuclear 
disarmament, conflict resolution, and 
the theological basis for peacemaking. 

Among the Brethren attending the WCC assembly were US delegates Julie Liggett 
(front left) and Judy Mills Reimer (far right) and Nigeria delegates Bitrus Bdlia 
(left) and Karagama Gadzama (right). Wendy McFadden (center) and Ken Miller- 
Rieman (back), who was the Church of the Brethren's alternate delegate, were 
accredited media. 

i»i:'f-i[!i(Sipfii'i"S fft^S^'F'ip 


Based on reports leading up to the assembly, some people feared that rising dissatisfaction among the Orthodox 
churches would cause the WCC to implode at its 50th birthday party. The outcome was far better than that, 
though there were tense moments. 

Two Orthodox churches- — those from Georgia and Bulgaria — have withdrawn from the council, and the large 
Russian Orthodox Church sent only a skeletal delegation. Some of the debate sounded harsh, but the frankness 
might also indicate the level of seriousness with which differences are being discussed. 

On the surface, the issues seem to be ones that cause controversy in other places as well — governance, the role of 
women, homosexuality. However, the issues likely are more fundamental. Contributing to the current situation are 
significant changes within Orthodox churches following the end of the Cold War. The ferment within these bodies 
makes more distinct the basic cultural and theological differences between the Protestant and Orthodox worlds. 

The delegates voted to establish a special commission to resolve the issue of the participation of the Orthodox 
churches. Just hours later, the Russian Orthodox Church delegation announced it was suspending its participation in 
the WCC's central committee while the special commission conducts its deliberations. That task is expected to take 
at least three years. 

10 Messenger March 1999 



outh African president Nelson Mandela 

was the highlight of the "Journey to 
Jubilee" 50th anniversary celebration. 
Excerpts from his speech: 

"The fact that on your 50th anniversary 
you have chosen Africa as the venue for your 
deliberations on the challenges of the new 
millennium bears witness to your continuing 
solidarity with all who strive for peace and 

"Thirty years ago you launched a program 
that broke new ground and set new directions 
for the future. You moved beyond the affir- 
mation of the right to resist on the part of ^ 
the oppressed, to the risk of active engage- | 
ment in struggle to end oppression. Today % 
the WCC is called upon to show that same 1 
engagement in the new and more difficult ^ 
struggle for development and the entrench- 
ment of democracy. 

"It is a great privilege for me, as my public 
life draws to a close, to be allowed to share these thoughts and dreams of a 
better world with you. I do so filled with hope, knowing that I am amongst 
men and women who have chosen to make the world the theatre of their oper- 
ations in pursuit of freedom and justice." 



A marketplace of ideas 

50 years ago 

Who was there 

At the first WCC assembly, held in Ams- 
terdam in 1948, the Church of the 
Brethren was represented by M. R. Zigler 
and Raymond R. Peters. Also participating 
were alternates J. Quinter Miller and Calvert 
N. Ellis; a youth representative, Carl Myers; 
and two official observers, Floyd E. Mal- 
' lott and Doreen Myers. ;l 

"It was a thrilling event," recalls Carl 
Myers, who lives in Elgin, 111. "Just to 
recall it chills my spine." 

ew to this assembly was the padare, an experiment in which member churches and related organizations were invited 
to sponsor sessions or exhibits for freewheeling exchanges of information. This marketplace of ideas ("padare" is 
the Shona word for "meetingplace") was intended to be an unofficial place for dialog that would feed into the official 
business of the assembly. 

The final evaluation was mixed, with praise for the concept being tempered by the confusion of some 550 events 
spread across the university campus. One could question the wisdom of devoting more time to such reporting from 
member churches than was given to reporting on and evaluating the actual work of the council. Each unit's work was 
reported on in a series of three hearings, while the padare stretched out over four days. Then a major |)art of the coun- 
cil's business was compressed into one final day. ... " 

The Padare Advisory Group maintained that "padare has influenced the deliberations of the assembly in a positive 
way." The group said, "The forums were issue-oriented, and less dominated by personalities. Minority people and 
views found space for unfettered expression. It has been a major context for encounter and exchan^with local Zim- 
babweans, who have attended padares in large numbers." 0^':,.^i 

The advisory group reporfied the evaluation of a participant from India: "In many years of attendirtg large group gath- 
erings like this, this week was thefitst time I felt visible, heard, and respected." 


March 1999 Messenger 1 1 




Cs Ecumenical D^ ';f Cfiuri 

: iTt'tor to the ussew ■ 

s in Solidarity with Women officially came to a close 
'cted more than two thousand women, including 
..Lirck of the Brethren, who attended on their own. 
''he WCC launched the Ecumenicu '"- ''^ ' 988 to encourage member churches to study 

and review their siruciures a: ;: ,..,-.,. lo ensure full participation of women. 

The Church of the Brethren was one of manv churches that endorsed the Decade. 

-sggen ana Pam Bruhaker fro, 


:. .LIG(3ETT 

he Ecumenical Decade Festival was a powerful experi- 
ence for me. The daily worships were especially creative 
and meaningful, and we Hstened for God's guidance about 
how to help women in the future. During the Decade, the 
WCC found that women deal with the same kinds of prob- 
lems and issues whether we live in rich, powerful nations 
or poorer, developing countries. 

The main focus that emerged from our gathering was 
the need to end violence against women in every aspect of 

our lives — home, workplace, 
church. We wrote a strong 
,_"". message against violence 

»' i " and presented it to the 

' *" WCC Assembly. 

Prior to the 
festival, I 
took part 



^-^^m-Ch '-^^^a 








i 7 5 " * 1 '* 




S^ M^^;^ 

"Women-to-Women" visits that had been arranged to coin- ; 
cide with the festival and the assembly. African women had 
invited women from around the world to stay in their 
homes and learn about their culture. More than a thousand 
of us responded, visiting homes in 50 different African 
countries. 1 was one of five who went to Mpumalanga, 
South Africa. 

I spent the first two days in Soweto, the Black town- 
ship of Johannesburg, in a home of extreme poverty. The 
whole community welcomed me! Then I flew to 
Mpumalanga to meet my fellow travelers. We each stayed 
with a different woman, and we were hosted by the local 
council of churches. 

The highlight was visiting a group of about 30 women 
who developed a candymaking business to support their 
families. It's as simple and plain as operation as I've ever 
seen, and the candies are delicious. 

We also visited church dignitaries and the premier of 
the district, who had been part of Nelson Mandela's orig- 
inal leadership of the African National Congress. 

My impressions of Black South Africa and Zimbabwe? 
Community/spirituaHty is the highest value, and the two 
cannot be separated. Individualism has no place in 

people's lives. Poverty is widespread. Relationships are 
more important than getting a task done or arriv- 
ing on time. 
%^'?*jj,,,, ..^ My biggest surprise? Everyone I talked 

with wanted to tell me about apartheid- 
how it had been for them and that it 
had ended legislatively in April 
-j^ — 1994. Unfortunately, from 

what I saw apartheid may 
•/■^jf^iMi <:" "-rt^ have ended legally, but 

'• it's still alive and well 

economically and 


12 Messenger March 1999 

Altogether it was a wonderful and 
enlightening trip! I have a new appre- 
ciation for women who continue to 
struggle in spite of overwhelming diffi- 
culties, and a new appreciation for 
cultures so different from my own. 

fulie Liggett was the Annual Confer- 
ence-elected delegate to the WCC 
Eighth Assembly. A former pastor, she 
works out of Denver, Colo., as Rocky 
Mountain regional director for Church 
World Service. After the WCC Assem - 
bly, she spent four days in Mozambique 
visiting a CWS program called Guns 

50 years ago 
Christ is not small 

"Our guide, a 1 7-year-old lad with blond hair, 
was thrilled by meeting so many foreigners. He kept 
asking questions, finally turning to me and inquiring 
'What is the name of your church in America?' 

'"I am a member of the Church of the Brethren, a 
small denomination,' I replied, knowing that this 
designation would mean little to him. 

"'But Christ is not small,' he responded with his 
big eyes sparkling. 'I have helped to guide people 
today from the whole world!' In these simple 
words he expressed eloquently the faith and 
spirit of Amsterdam." — Ernest Lefever, 
reporter for the Gospel Messenger, 
Oct. 16, 1948 

for Tools. CWS gives equipment such a 
farm tools, sewing machines, and bicy- 
cles in exchange for guns and bullets. 
Liggett was sent into the bush as part of 
a negotiating team, visiting small vil- 
lages saturated with guns and 
ammunition from the former Soviet 
Union. Her job was to record and pho- 
tograph the exchanges. 

Liggett is available to speak to con- 
gregations about the WCC Assembly or 
about Church World Service. Contact 
her at 503-567-4980 or 

A symbol of renewal 

t the opening of the festival, nine women from around the world 
carried vessels of water representing women's tears and poured the 
water into a large bowl on the altar. 

"I bring the tears of African women, of those who survived and those 
who never made it," said the first woman. "Our tears as victims of war 
and internal conflicts. Our tears as women whose story was never told. 
Our tears as women, strugghng to survive because of national debts 
and global economic control." 

Reporting later to the Eighth Assembly delegates, one speaker 
described the paradox of water — ^which is essential for life but which can 
also destroy. "However, there is one type of water for which no paradox 
exists: the living water offered by lesus" to the woman at the well. 

"Water, therefore, is not only a symbol of our solidarity with one 
another, but most importantly, a symbol of the renewal of our love for and 
faith in our Lord, jesus Christ. 'For the Lamb who is in the midst of the 
throne will shepherd them and lead them to living fountains of waters. 
And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes'" (Rev. 7:17 RSV) . 

March 1999 Messenger 13 

Assembly connects 
with Sudan crisis 

The conflict in Sudan came into the spothght at the assembly, primarily through the eloquent testimony of Bishop 
Paride Taban, a Sudanese leader well known to Brethren who have worked in southern Sudan. He delivered the mes- 
sage at an Africa Day Celebration in Rufaro Stadium. 

He pleaded with "this great fellowship of Chris- 
tians" to help bring a lasting and just peace to the 
people of Sudan. "The people of Sudan told me 
to speak out, to be their voice," he said. 

Critiquing those who do only relief work in 
Sudan, he said, "Spending on relief alone is like 
fattening a cow for slaughter. How long can one 
be doing relief without spending time, energy, 
and resources on root causes?" 

Six days after the bishop's passionate speech, 
the government of Sudan began bombing raids 
on Narus, where he has his office. Reportedly, 14 
bombs exploded in the town square, killing 6 
people and seriously wounding 14 others. The 
bombs damaged a cathedral and the Blessed 
Bakhita Girls School, which is one of the projects 
supported by the Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Global Food Crisis Fund. 

Church leaders suspected that the attack was in 
retribution for Bishop Taban's sermon to the WCC. 
Weeks later, the bombings were still going on.. 

The grace of God 

"Two facts stood out above all others 
at Amsterdam: first, the terrible condi- 
tion of mankind and second, the grace 
of God. . . . 

The remarkable event at Amsterdam 
was not the differences but rather the 
large measure of agreement." — Calvert 
N. Ellis, president, Juniata College, 

Gospel Messenger, Nov. 6, 1948 

Ken Miller-Rieman introduces himself to Bishop Paride 
Taban, who several years ago worked in southern Sudan 
with his parents, Phil and Louie Rieman, and with 
Roger and Carolyn Schrock. 

14 Messenger March 1999 

Out of Africa 

'?^he Eighth Assembly was enHvened by African 

art, African music and dance, and a larger- 
than-usual number of participants from across the 
continent. Most important, perhaps, was the 
inclusion of an African point of view throughout 
the assembly by way of major addresses, smaller 
meetings, and a poignant drama. Frequent men- 
tion was made of the fact that the "center of 
gravity" of the church worldwide has shifted from 
Europe and North America to Africa. 

The WCC agreed to place "a special emphasis 
on Africa during the beginning of the 21st cen- 
tury," pledging to join in the process of 
reconstruction and reconciliation within Africa, 
through "respect for human rights, promotion of 
an alternative economic order, debt relief, reduc- 
tions in the arms trade, and urgent measures to 
bring peace and justice in the Sudan, the Great 
Lakes region, and other areas of conflict in Africa 
in particular and the world at large." 

According to Zimbabwean theologian Sebastian 
Bakare, "The challenge to the church in Africa in 
the next millennium is to develop a theology which 
will enable African Christians to own the church 
instead of being mere custodians of it. The owner- 
ship of Christianity carries with it a deep sense of 
acountability, responsibility, and commitment. 
Africans cannot own Eurocentric or ethnocentric 
Christianity unless it is entirely immersed into 
African spirituality and is born again. That is what 
"incarnation" is all about. It transforms those who 
are born again, causing them to grow into the 
image of Christ" (The Drumbeat of Life). 

March 1999 Messenger 1 5 

About Zimbabwe 

he assembly was held in Harare, capital of Zimbabwe. Known as Rhodesia 

before it gained its independence from England in 1 980, Zimbabwe derives 
its name from the Shona dzimbadzemabwe, which means "houses of stone." 

It's estimated that more than 20,000 people lost their lives in the war for lib- 
eration, a struggle that divided Christians both within the country and beyond 
its borders. 

One of the WCC's most controversial actions was its decision almost three 
decades ago to grant $143,000 from its Special Fund for the Program to 
Combat Racism to the Zimbabwean liberation fighters. While the grant was 
given for humanitarian needs, some objected to giving money to organizations 
that used violence. 

Zimbabwe is one of the most industrialized countries in Africa, but it suffers 
today from poverty, the highest incidence of AIDS in the world, and an 
increasingly dictatorial government. 

In the WCC's own words: "A fellowship of churches which 
confess the Lord Jesus Christ as God and Savior according to the Scriptures, 
and therefore seek to fulfill together their common calling to the glory of the one 
God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit." 

What does the councii do? The WCC calls churches to the goal of visible unity; 
facilitates churches' common witness and supports them in their worldwide mission- 
ary and evangelistic task; expresses churches' common concern in the service of 
human need and the promotion of justice and peace; and fosters renewal of the 
churches in unity, worship, mission, and service. 
How liiany ■nembers ar After welcoming 8 new members, the WCC now numbers 339 member 

churches from more than 100 countries. When the WCC was formed in 1948, most of its original 147 
churches were in Europe and North America. Now a majority of member churches are in the South. 

Who funds the council? Each member church is expected to make a minimum contribution (1,000 Swiss 
francs) to the WCC, though 48 percent do not make any contribution at all. Just under 40 percent of WCC 
income comes from Germany. The next biggest funders are Sweden, the Netherlands, and the USA. 

When were the previous assemblies? Amsterdam 1948, Evanston 1954, New Delhi 1961, Uppsala 
1968, Nairobi 1975, Vancouver 1983, Canberra 1991. 

\Vi!;i ! -; ' i A 158-member central committee meets every 12 to 18 months. The general 

secretary is Konrad Raiser. Elected to a second term as moderator is His Holiness Aram I, head of the 
Armenian Orthodox Church. The assembly also chose two vice moderators and eight presidents repre- 
senting different regions of the world. At the assemblies, which take place about every seven years, 
delegates review the council's past work and set direction for the next seven years. 

Why 0: T a boat ior iis k)go? This symbol portrays the church as a ship afloat on the sea 

of the world with the mast in the form of a cross. It is not clear when the symbol was first adopted for the 
ecumenical movement, but it was in use before the inauguration of the WCC in 1 948. The symbol proba- 
bly has its origin in the Gospel stories of Jesus calling the fishermen and Jesus calming the storm. The 
boat pictured above is an African version of the traditional ecumenical ship. 

1 6 Messenger March 1999 



Church of the Brethren 
General Board Ministries 


At home and afar, what stories from General 

are the moments, the 
experiences, the values 
that define the Church 
of the Brethren? 
Depicted below are six 

Board ministries that 
give insight into the 
Brethren calling. 

Not only does 
Brethren Disaster 
Response build 
churches destroyed by 
arson and houses 
leveled by tornadoes, it 
strengthens the 
community of the 

Living Christ. A 
Brethren Disaster 
Response unit in 
Alabama was joined by 
workers from Butler 
Chapel AME Church in 
South Carolina (see 
photo on cover and 
above). Together AME 
and Brethren volunteers 
bear witness to the 
unity that is theirs in 
lesus Christ. 

On the heels of 
Hurricane Mitch. Global 
Mission Partnerships 
mounted one of the first 
medical teams to go to 
Honduras, and the 
Brethren Service Center 
dispatched one of the 
first shipments of tents 
and medicines. With 
ecumencial partners. 
Brethren continue to 
assist recovery and 
development efforts in 
Honduras and Nicaragua. 

Innovative youth 
ministry remains in 
the forefront of 
Brethren life, as in 
Northern Ohio wh 
a youth cast is tour 
eight churches with 
special rendition of 
the General Board 
Live Report. The 
message testifies to 
oneness of Christ's 
mission — local, distr 
national, and global. 

Defining moments occur 
as people come to know 
one another in Christ, 
as they enter into 
Christ's saving worl<, 
and as they become 
living signs of love. 

Defining moments 
take place as people 
reach out to help 
those who live on 
the margin, as they 
keep alive the vision 
of God's peaceable 
kingdom, and as they 
become agents of 
God's grace. 

In sum, defining 
moments, particularly 
for Brethren, come in 
"Continuing the work 
of Jesus. Peacefully. 
Simply. Together." 

Days after Bishop 
ParideTaban pleaded 
with the World 
Council of Churches 
Assembly for nations 
to help end genocide 
in Sudan, his home 
town of Narus was 
bombed, damaging the 
cathedral and the only 
girls' primary school in 
southern Sudan. A 
three-year, $238,000 
Partnership for Peace 
Initiative of the 
Church of the 
Brethren helps 
support the school. 

To help Faith Church 
of the Brethren, 
Batavia, III., recover 
from a devastating fire. 
Brethren churches in 
the Chicago area and 
Congregational Life 
Teams staged a benefit 
performance by Ted 
and Lee drama team 
that raised $4,000. 
Humor, fellowship, 
celebration go far in 
helping assuage loss 
and discouragement. 

After 10 years of co- 
pastoring the 1 25-year- 
old Antioch congregation 
In Virginia, Gerald and 
Rebecca Baile Grouse 
are now coordinators of 
the young Church of the 
Brethren mission in the 
Dominican Republic. 
There they and their 
three children aspire to 
walk with the people 
and become a bridge 
across cultural and 
theological perspectives. 

General Board Program Highlights 1 999 



Executive Director. 

Administers work of 
General Board. 
Coordinates Leader- 
shipTeam. Heads ecu- 
menical representation. 
Oversees human 
resources. Spiritual 
guidepost for staff and 
General Board min- 
istries. $680,330 

Brethren Press. 

Fosters identity, unity, 
and vision. Publishes 
books, curriculum, 
Messenger, Agenda, 
Source, Newsline. Web 
Page, Yearbook. 
Interprets program, 
conducts nevsfs service. 

Brethren Witness. 

Enlists individuals and 
congregations in study 
and action on peace, 
justice, and environmen- 
tal concerns. Manages 
Global Food Crisis Fund 
and Washington Office. 

Life Ministries. 

Resources congrega- 
tions in v^orship, spiri- 
tual grov^th. steward- 
ship education, evan- 
gelism, urban and eth- 
nic ministries. Directs 
youth/young adult 
work. $993,890 

Direct gifts from individuals 

endowments, \^ 
other income 

(estate settlements) 

f Behold pledges 




General Ministries Fund Income 
Total $5,2 1 8,000 

Brethren Press (/VIessenger) 

|.j, Global Food Crisis Fund 

# / $450,000 






New Windsor 
Conference Center 

Brethren Press 



Additional Ministries Direct Income 
Total $4,359,110 

Funding. Offers finan- 
cial resource counseling 
on stewardship and 
estate planning. 
Oversees direct mail 
campaign. Distributes 
outreach, stewardship, 
and offering emphasis 
packets. $5 1 7,730 

General Ministries 
Fund Expenditures 

Total General Board 
Ministries $9,577,110 

Global Mission 
Partnerships. Guides 
international church 
planting, development, 
leadership training, the- 
ological education. 
Coordinates global 
relief, disaster, refugee, 
and material aid 
responses. $595,830 

Ministry. Nurtures 
church leadership with 
Bethany Seminary and 
Brethren Academy 
Sponsors ministi^ train- 
ing. Works with district 
staff, pastors, and camps. 
Administers grants, pas- 
toral assistance. $324,080 

Resources. Handles 
finances of General 
Board and Annual 
Conference. Manages 
and maintains General 
Board facilities, technol- 
ogy, and archives. 
Covers telephone, tech- 
nology, postage, support 
services for all program 
areas. $1,325,320 

Volunteer Service 
Ministries. Conducts 
Brethren Volunteer 
Service training and 
placement in peace, 
justice, human need, 
and environmental 
projects. Oversees 
program volunteers. 

Church of the Brethren 
General Board 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60 1 20 

It takes more tnarf Fpod 

A Christian response is more about justice than charity *^ 

« -f»^ 



> M. 

Story and photos by 
David RadcliFF 

^ ^ March 1999 Messenger 1 7 

Nothing troubles us like hunger. 
Show a picture of a hungry child, 
and contributions pour in. Tell sto- 
ries of families struggling to feed 
their children, and our hearts go out 
to them. See a whole people tottering 
on the brink of famine, and the 
world can mobilize to respond. 

And hunger has always seemed like 
such a simple problem with straight- 
forward solutions. Health care 
conjures images of highly trained 
doctors, expensive medicines, and an 
array of management plans. Poverty 
raises issues of gender, race, and tax 
codes. Mention "affirmative action" 
and people spring to their battle sta- 
tions. Combating hunger has seemed 
more straightforward than dealing 

with other social problems. 

Despite what we've thought, how- 
ever, alleviating hunger isn't just a 
matter of providing enough food at 
the right time to the right people. 
Certainly getting food to people in 
need is crucial, and something that is 
a high priority for Christians. But 
unfortunately, we can't simply 
assume that once they get back on 
their feet, once the floods recede, 
once the latest round of fighting sub- 
sides, then things will return to 
normal and there will be food 
enough for all. 

This just isn't how it works for the 
vast majority of the world's 850 mil- 
lion chronically hungry people. In 
places around the world that we usu- 

ally associate with hunger — south 
Asia, Africa, Central America, the j 
streets of many U.S. cities, and ' 

recently the country of Russia — the 
causes of hunger go deeper and res- 
olution is more difficult to achieve. 

Think about it. Most places of | 
chronic hunger share one or more of 
the following characteristics. The 
government is corrupt, authoritarian 
or otherwise unresponsive to the 
needs of its people. There are deeply 
stratified racial, ethnic or caste divi- 
sions. Violence of one kind or 
another keeps people from having 
access to food or the social stability 
necessary to grow their own. Women 
are excluded from meaningful deci- 
sion-making roles in the community 

ProFile in hunge 


Without peace, the hungry will not be fed. Nowhere 
is this more true than in Sudan, the largest and per- 
haps most troubled nation in Africa. At war for 27 of 
the past 37 years, by all accounts this east African 
country could be self-sufficient in food production if it 
were at peace. As it is, over 1 .5 million people have 
perished in southern Sudan in the past decade 
alone — in an area populated by fewer than 1 million 
people. Millions more have fled their home areas — 
and farms and pastures — as refugees. Most of the 
dead are civilians, either caught directly in the fight- 
ing or, more likely, having been killed by the war's companions — starvation and disease. Many others suffer the 
ravages of malnutrition, including chronic illness and mental incapacitation. 

Even relief efforts are caught up in the armed conflict, as contending sides decide whether to allow supplies 
to pass through areas they control. Meant as a balm, food becomes a weapon or reward, wielded by unscrupu- 
lous military and political leaders for their own advantage. When shipments are allowed, logistics are a 
nightmare, as roads are rugged or nonexistent. 

Church of the Brethren relief efforts are coordinated through the New Sudan Council of Churches, longtime 
partner of the denomination. Aid is targeted to specific communities for particular projects. Grants from the 
General Board's Global Mission Partnerships office help sustain the ongoing work of the Council. The Global 
Food Crisis Fund has instigated a three-year $238,000 initiative called Sudan: Partnership for Peace, Each year's 
grant funds food relief for children, women's development efforts, adult education, and peace training for 
those working to stem conflict within and beyond tribal groups. 

1 8 Mkssenger March 1999 

or nation. Wealth is concentrated in 
the hands of a small percentage of 
the population, with increasingly 
diminishing resources available to 
those at the bottom of the economic 
ladder (a kind of "economic authori- 
tarianism"). Little attention is given 
to important hunger-related issues 
like health care, education, and 
providing good employment oppor- 
tunities. In other words, in one way 
or another human beings — especially 
those at the margins of their soci- 
ety — have little standing in the eyes 
of those in power. 

North Korea fits here. So do 
Russia, many African nations where 
hunger is chronic, south Asia, and 
Central America. The problems of 
our own nation in feeding its people 
is found here too. In other words, 
feeding the hungry over the long 
haul — which means to address the 
problems that give rise to hunger — is 
more a question of justice than of 
charity. We can care for immediate 
needs by getting enough food to the 
right people, but helping people 
escape the reach of hunger is a more 
complicated endeavor. 

Certainly the most vulnerable 
imembers of society, the old and the 
young or those ostracized by race, 
class or gender, will often need 
immediate assistance. It is appropri- 
ate — indeed imperative — to find 
leffective ways to meet their needs 
until longer term help arrives in the 
form of basic changes in society. 

While reaching out our hands to 
offer aid, however, we must simulta- 
Ineously raise our voices with theirs 
to challenge the conditions that do 
not allow people to have the respect 
they need or standing they deserve to 
■have adequate food. As Mary 
>McCann of the American Friends 
[Service Committee wrote from Hon- 
duras recently, "Indifference to the 
suffering caused by Mitch is 
unthinkable; indifference to the 

ProFile in hunger 


Forrest Holdcraft graduated from the University of California at Berkeley 
in 1 969. He is articulate and thoughtful, and once owned his own con- 
struction business. Now he sits outside the door of the West End food 
pantry in Ontario, Calif,, waiting for his ration of staples — a week's 
worth of food provided once every month. 

He blames his circumstance on a nasty divorce that cost him his busi- 
ness and savings; doubtless there are other factors as well. He has been 
homeless for the past six years, and is just now getting his identity 
papers together to begin to reestablish himself. With luck, he will be 
able to find work and get off the streets. With better luck, and the assis- 
tance of programs like those of West End, he will find a job that pays 
more than the minimum wage of $5.75 an hour. Otherwise, he may still 
be hungry, as housing alone will likely consume 75 percent of his 
income, leaving little for food, much less niceties such as medical care or 
spare clothing. 

"We are trying to give people hope, and to let them know that some- 
one cares," said Jim Gilman, on the staff of the West End pantry. This 
pantry alone serves over 23,000 southern California clients each year, 50 
percent of whom are children. 

In January, the Global Food Crisis Fund provided a grant of $22,500 to 
the Pomona/Inland Valley Council of Churches to assist in food relief pro- 
grams like the one at West End, all of which include a variety of services 
designed to move people beyond the need for food assistance. 

March 1999 Messenger 19 

ProFile in hunger 

North Korea 

Tens of thousands of people fanned out across the mountains in a rural area of North Korea 
this fall. They weren't looking for valuable truffles or morel mushrooms, but for acorns to 
supplement their meager food supplies. Dirty and weary, the collectors spent the night sleep- 
ing on the ground on the mountain. Tomorrow meant another day of scavenging. Now in 
their fourth year of severe famine. North Koreans are getting good at foraging. They regularly 
add chopped cornstalks, grasses, and bark to their soup pot to give the illusion of a filling 

Experts say famines are rarely caused by natural disasters, not even the two summers of 
floods followed by a searing drought that North Korea experienced. Natural forces only mag- 
nify inadequacies already present in a society For North Korea, their food problems are nearly 
a decade old, and can be traced back to the the breakup of the Soviet Union and the disap- 
pearance of subsidized commodities such as fuel oil, fertilizer, and machinery There is also a 
pressing need for serious revisions in government agricultural policies. 

"If we act together now," says Minneapolis-based agronomist Dr. Kim Joo, a frequent visi- 
tor to her former homeland and consultant to Church of the Brethren relief efforts, "we can 
find a way to turn this tragic situation around." Up to three million of North Korea's 23 mil- 
lion people have already perished from hunger-related causes. 

The Church of the Brethren has sent an average of $1 50,000 annually in relief to North 
Korea since 1 995, including rice, seed corn, barley seed, and canned beef donated by the 
Mid-Atlantic/Southern Pennsylvania Beef Canning Project. The Global Food Crisis Fund has 
just pledged $1 70,000 for 1 999. 

The funds will provide a $45,000 grant through Church World Service and Witness for 
grain and cooking oil; a 40-foot shipping container of a variety of seed potatoes with an 
extremely short growing season; 1 05 metric tons of barley seed (some of the harvested barley 
will be set aside to be used as seed for next year's crop, reducing dependence on outside sup- 
pliers); and later this summer 1 00 dairy goats with a milk yield four times that of domestic 
North Korean goats, which will be bred with domestic varieties to increase their production. 
Offspring will be passed on from one family to another instead of consigned to large collec- 
tive dairies. 

In these and other ways, donor organizations are encouraging subtle changes in overall 
farming practices. 

20 Mkssenger March 1999 

njustices prior to Mitch must also be 
:onsidered unacceptable" (Peace- 
vork. Dec. 98/ Jan. 99). 

That's why in every place where 
the Church of the Brethren is 
engaged in long-term efforts to 
ensure adequate food, we also work 
alongside those who seek resolution 
Df the broader issues that affect 
lungry people. Debt relief in Central 
\merica. Accompaniment work in 
Guatemala. Support for peace initia- 
;ives in Sudan. Attempts to influence 
agricultural policies and farming pat- 
:erns in North Korea. Paying special 
attention to the role of women in 
:ommunities everywhere. 
We have it on good authority that 

our God shares this broader perspec- 
tive on caring for those in need. 
Certainly, biblical admonitions 
abound that call us to respond 
directly to others' need for nourish- 
ment. Old Testament passages tell 
harvesters not to clean the field or 
the orchard, but to leave something 
for those in need (Deut. 24:19ff). In 
Matthew 25, feeding the hungry is 
commensurate to giving food to 
lesus himself. And the one miracle of 
lesus recorded in all four Gospels is 
the multiplication of the loaves and 

Just as prominent in the Scrip- 
tures, however, is attention to the 
structures that allow everyone in 
society to have a fair chance to make 

a decent life for themselves and their 
families. As early as Leviticus, the 
jubilee year restores property to its 
original owners, whether it has been 
acquired by others by their guile or 
their good business practices. As in 
other societies of the time, having 
land meant having food. Later on, 
the prophets condemn wealth accu- 
mulated by some at the expense of 
others, and stridently call for justice 
to prevail in economic relationships 
(Amos 2:6-7, 4:1). Micah 2 roundly 
condemns those who plot to take the 
property of others, and extends a call 
for special treatment for the women 
and children of the community. 
Jesus was revolutionary in the 
course of his own ministry in elevat- 

ProFile in hunger ' 

Guatemala ! 

For the people of Guatemala, hunger is 
nothing new. Poor Guatemalans experience 
food shortages as a way of life. The primary 
cause is poverty — simply not having enough 
money or enough land to provide an ade- 
quate diet. The majority of wealth in 
Guatemala is held by a small percentage of 
the population, as is the best land. Conse- 
quently, many Guatemalans must attempt 
to survive by renting land to farm or by 
working for factories or large fincas — or 
farms — at the going wage of $2-3 per day. 
Children are of necessity involved in the workforce, either in the fields or in the streets of the cities. Kept 
from school by their labors and by the inability of parents to pay even minimal school fees, these young 
ones will not receive the education that is so essential if they are ever to move beyond the situation of their 
parents. Racism is an issue too, as Guatemalans of Indian descent are the last to receive needed social ser- 
vices — or the respect that engenders self-confidence and hope for a better future. 

Church of the Brethren programs support efforts to bring economic and political justice to Guatemala. 
The Global Food Crisis Fund is also working to address basic needs at the community level. A three-year 
$25,000 grant will assist people in one community in building water-storing cisterns and wood-conserving 
stoves in a project coordinated by Tom Benevento of the Global Mission Partnerships office. 

March 1999 Messenger 21 


world is twofold: to work to assure that every man, 
,^^ woman, and child has the opportunity to 
Pjj_^ , ~*^^^V acquire the food they need to live 
^ Ht^,^ *i^^ healthy and productive lives, and to 





ing those of little standing in the community to a 

place of recognition — so essential if their 

basic needs for health and well-being _^^ 

were to be respected. In befriend- ^*' p^ 

ing women and children, for >;* ^ Th 

example, he instantly x^ ^ ^^ r-i u i r j r ■ ■ r j ^l 

. ,.,1 J • .u c ^ <x^ Global Food Crisis Fund, the 

mstilled m them a sense oi > X ■ ■ i ^l l r^i n ^l 

/ '\ principleChurchof the Brethren response 

/*' t^ to world hunger, had a record year in 1 998. A 
^ total of $455,519 was received— nearly twice the previ- ^ 
* '*^ ous high, which was set the year before. 
^ About 1 percent of the denomination's congregations par- 
ticipate in the My Two Cents Worth program; they contributed 
about half the total, with the remainder coming primarily from indi- 
vidual donors. 

Sudan and North Korea received about 75 percent of grants given by 
the Fund in 1998, with other recipients being Honduras; Chiapas, Mexico; 
Russia; Mauritania; and Guatemala. Other than a five-percent administra- 
tive fee and a modest amount for education and interpretation (totaling 
about three percent), all donations to the Fund go directly to hunger 

A wide array of resources are available from the Brethren Wit- 
ness office, which manages the Fund. These include a 
Children's Hunger Action Kit; Hunger for Justice Fast 
.i packet for youth; photo exhibits and slide presenta- 
V tions on Sudan and North Korea; and hunger 
^^ education materials for all ages. — ^ 

"'"^ David Radcuff 

self-worth. At the same 
time, this reminded 
others that everyone 
is of utmost value in 
God's eyes. 

lesus condemned 
the inattention of 
religious leaders to 
matters of justice, 
even as they rigor- 
ously kept religious 
rituals (Luke 1 1:42). 
And in the only para- 
ble that names one of 
its characters, the rich 
man pays with his soul in 
the life-to-come for his 
inattention to the inequities 
experienced by poor Lazarus in 
the here-and-now. 

Hunger is a stark reality in a world 
that regularly produces enough food to 
feed everyone. The role of Christians in such a 

\do what we can to make sure that 
the hungry are fed until that i 
-Q V day of justice arrives. ' 

, ^ The Church of the 

\ Brethren has had a special 
\ concern for hunger 
\ relief, and has given 
\ generously to feed the 
hungry. May we have 
this same concern for 
I helping our neighbors 
I escape the reach of 
I hunger by striving for 
I a time when every 

/* person has the same 
standing — and impor- 
tance — in our eyes and 
in society as in the |^Ti^ 
eyes of the creator. ! — ^ 


David Radcliff. director of the 
Brethren Witness Office of the Gen- 
eral Board staff has traveled recently 
within the US and to North Korea, Sudan, 
and Guatemala to gather firsthatid reports on 
hunger problems on behalf of the Church of the Brethren. 




No such thing as a minor operation 

The hernia was repaired and I have mended. However, 
"operation accomplished" did not happen without some 
fear and trepidation on my part. Before I entered my little 
cubicle in the surgical prep room, I was almost embarrassed 
to tell anyone I was having surgery. It all seemed so minor. 
Lying on that gurney, stripped of clothing, dignity, and free- 
dom, I found my initial bravado evaporating. Answering 
questions about organ donations and living wills got the 
inner churning started. When the blood pressure dial soared 
to 189 over 1 1 5, I was about ready to grab my clothes and 
say, "I'm out of here! I'll live with the hernia!" 

My operation early one Friday morning taught me that 
there is no such thing as minor surgery for the person 
who is experiencing it. In my moment of panic I wished 
that 1 had told my pastor about the surgery date. There I 
was alone, saying the twenty-third Psalm and petitioning 
God for strength to handle the ordeal. 

My message for all of us who are facing uncertainties is 
a word of encouragement to reach out to others for sup- 
port. We may not be as strong as we would like to 
pretend. Equally important, we may be far more precious 
than we ever dreamed. Of more value than all the birds, 
lilies, and grass piled together is how )esus described us. 
Created in God's image, little lower than the angels — 
that's who we are. Of course we are worth a caregiver's 
time; the Bible tells us so. 

So. . . when we hear advice from a caregiver who was 
reluctant to ask for pastoral care, let us do as he says, not 
as this one did. — William R. Kidwell 

William R. Kidwell is interim campus pastor at Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary, Richmond, Ind. This is used with permission of 
The lournal of Pastoral Care. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, humorous or poignant 
stories of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submissiofi to 
Messenger, I'iSl Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120-1694 or e-mail to the editor at 
ffarrar _gb(Q!brethren. org. 

22 Messenger March 1999 

Mitch teaches economics 

The children of Mulukuku are the victims of a crushing national debt. 

Hurricanes dont kill people. 
Poverty kills people. 

BY Sue Wagner Fields 

The economic dynamics of our 
world have been changing very 
rapidly — so rapidly that people who 
care can hardly keep track of what is 
happening. Discerning how we may 
be called by the God of justice to 
respond requires that great attention 
be given to these issues. Christians 
who truly care about being faithful to 
God's call to reach out to the 
hungry, the sick, the naked, and the 
imprisoned, would do well to devote 
serious effort to the study of eco- 
nomics, including global economics. 

We live in a world in which the 
economic system that most of us 
support and benefit from plays a 
large and growing role in causing the 
hunger, sickness, poverty, and vio- 
lence that we work so hard to 
alleviate with our generous service 
and disaster response programs. This 
economic system, in which the gap 
between rich and poor continues to 
widen, and by which our earth is 
being destroyed, also has a lot to do 
with causing the desperation and 
hopelessness that breed the violence 
that our peacemaking efforts con- 
front. This system is not only 
contributing to the cause of the 
problems, but is undermining our 
efforts to respond. 

Because of my convictions in this 
area, when my last pastoral commit- 
ment ended three years ago, I 
decided to focus my ministry skills 
on further educating myself and 
others about global economics and 
its effects upon the billions of des- 
perately poor and vulnerable people 
in our world. 

Early last year, with the support of 
the Little Swatara congregation of 
Bethel, Pa., and the Atlantic North- 
east District Peace and justice 
Committee who cosponsored the 
project, I began planning to lead a 
delegation of people to Nicaragua to 
focus upon one aspect of global eco- 
nomics — the unpayable national 
debts of the 40 or so "highly 
indebted nations" of the world, 
including Nicaragua's. 

March 1999 Messenger 23 

According to UNICEF, 
six million children die 
each year in Latin Amer- 
ica, Asia, and Africa due 
to policies that the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund 
(IMF) and World Bank 
impose on highly indebted 
nations. The crushing 
burdens of national debts 
are not simply economic 
issues. They are moral, 
life-and-death issues. 

Our trip was planned 
for this past fall. The 1 1 
delegation members and 
most of our funds came 
from six congregations, 
all but one in our district. 
We were to spend most of 
our time in Mulukuku, a 
remote village in the 
center of the country, 
where the Maria Luisa 
Ortiz Women's Center 
would host us. 

But Hurricane Mitch 
got to Central America 
before we got there, dump- 
ing rain on vast areas of the 
country for five days, ending about a 
week before our departure date of 
Nov. 10. Dorothy Granada, our con- 
tact in Nicaragua, told us of 
thousands of dead and missing, 
scores of washed-out bridges, mud- 
slides, lost harvests, entire 
communities isolated, buried, or 
washed away completely. 

At first we wondered whether to 
cancel the delegation. But within a 
few days, we realized that we were 
better prepared to respond immedi- 
ately than others might have been, 
having already gotten our immuniza- 
tions, and airline tickets. 

So we began making the necessary 
changes in our plans to adapt the 
delegation to include a response to 
the present crisis. By the time we 
left, delegation members had in hand 
over $28,000 of relief aid, about half 
of which was from the General 
Board's Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries office in New 
Windsor, Md., and the rest from our 

We did not want to lose the origi- 
nal focus of our trip, so we went 

Compassion means not only getting dirty but also doing 
battle with global economic injustices. In Nicaragua, 
Damon Wagner Fields, left, and Jim Eby did both. 

ahead with the first two days of the 
trip more or less as planned, meeting 
with representatives of various orga- 
nizations working in Nicaragua. 
These dedicated individuals articu- 
lated for us how present global 
economic trends and institutions, 
especially the World Bank and Inter- 
national Monetary Fund, which 
control the terms of Nicaragua's 
debts, were affecting Nicaraguans in 
negative ways. 

Hurricane Mitch was a good 
teacher of economics, bringing into 
more clear focus the dynamics that 
we had planned to study. As we 
heard over and over, it was not a 
hurricane but poverty that killed 
people and destroyed fragile ecologi- 
cal areas. 

It is difficult to engage in conver- 
sations with people here in the US 
about these topics. It doesn't take 
long for eyes to glaze over and for 
the subject of conversation to 
change. Most people around us seem 
to assume that economic systems 
and policies at work in the world are 
far out there somewhere, and are of 

serious concern only for I \ 
bankers, professional econ- > 
omists, and the like. But ' 
one after another, the 
people who spoke with our 
delegation helped us to see 
that global economic poli- 
cies, while made by people 
in powerful nations far 
away from Nicaragua, have 
effects that are anything 
but remote in their daily 

Large percentages of 
Nicaraguan people experi- 
ence daily the crushing 
burden of an unpayable 
debt and economic policies 
that benefit rich over poor. 
Largely because of such 
policies, their children do 
not go to school, have no 
clean water, eat only half 
the recommended calories, 
and die from easily pre- 
ventable illnesses. 
Cirilo Otero, director of a 
civil society advocacy group 
told us, "Hurricane Mitch 
stripped Nicaragua naked 
before the eyes of the world." 

The storm revealed just how vul- 
nerable were the lives of millions of 
rural farmers who had already lived 
on the edge of survival for years. 
During the last eight years of "struc- 
tural adjustment programs" (SAP's) 
imposed by the World Bank and IMF, 
thousands of small farmers had been 
forced to sell their land. SAP's are 
the means by which these institutions 
attempt to insure that nations con- 
tinue to pay interest on their debts 
even before attending to the most 
basic needs of their citizens. 

These campesinos joined thou- 
sands of other desperately poor folks 
who had nowhere to live and raise 
food but on the steep slopes of 
deforested volcanoes and mountains, 
or in flood zones. A representative of 
a coalition of nongovernmental orga- 
nizations in Nicaragua said, "It was 
not so much that the rivers rose to 
flood the houses, but that the houses 
were already in the rivers." 

As we traveled through the coun- 
tryside, we saw campesinos 
cultivating high up on slopes that 

24 Messenger March 1999 

jpeared to be too steep even for 
talking, slopes that had been defor- 
;ted either by the greed of huge 
ansnational corporations, or by the 
Dverty of campesinos needing fuel 
r grass for cattle. It was slopes such 
5 these that had given way and were 
arried by the torrential rains down 
ver the roads, burying whole vil- 
ges, people, and fields. 
We passed field after field where our 
river told us there had been acres and 
ores of basic 
rains or vegeta- 
les. Nothing 
jmained but fields 
frocks and gravel. 
'he topsoil had 
een buried or 
'ashed out to sea. 
hese campesinos 
aised 70 percent of 
licaragua's food, 
ut it is difficult to 
ie how these fields 
ould ever be culti- 

electricity. Heavy equipment that 
was desperately needed to clear 
avalanches and rebuild bridges was 
in short supply, and we saw brigades 
of men attempting to do this work 
with shovels and wheelbarrows. Dis- 
eases such as cholera, which were 
spreading quickly after water was 
contaminated, are much more likely 
to be fatal if victims are already mal- 
nourished, which so many 
Nicaraguans are. 


ated again. The 
;nse of finality I 
;lt while viewing 
lese fields was a 
jeling not unlike 
eath — death of 
le land. 

The eight-year 
eriod of SAP's 
as not only forced 
lany off their land, but has crippled 
ae nation's infrastructure to 
espond even to the needs of normal 
fe, much less to the present cata- 
trophe. When Mitch came, Cirilo 
old us, there was little medicine in 
ihe country, and the government was 
1 the process of dismissing half of 
he nation's public health doctors, 
elling them to "go and sell your ser- 
ices." (SAP's push for this type of 
irivatization of public services). It is 
me thing for doctors to sell their 
ervices in a nation with low unem- 
iloyment. It is quite another to 
irivatize the services of doctors in a 
lation with over 50 percent unem- 
iloyment and underemployment. 

Nicaraguans received no warning 
if the coming storm from their gov- 
rnment. Warning citizens quickly 
i'ould have been extremely difficult, 
s vast areas of the country have no 

Avalanches on deforested hillsides covered once-fertile fields with 

1 was enormously appreciative of 
the members of our delegation 
because each was willing to work 
under rather unpredictable circum- 
stances. We were also fortunate to 
have dedicated and resourceful con- 
tacts in Nicaragua through whom to 
work. Many waterways on the road 
to Mulukuku were still impassable by 
vehicle when we arrived in the coun- 
try, so we arranged to work for a few 
days each with CEPAD (the Council 
of Evangelical Churches of 
Nicaragua), Centro Humbolt (an 
environmental center), and Mision 
Cristiana (a denomination of 
Nicaraguan churches with whom 
Brethren have related as sister 
churches in recent years). We were 
delighted to represent Brethren by 
giving thousands of dollars each to a 
group of indigenous people whose 
village had washed away, a town that 

had not yet received any aid, Mision 
Cristiana, and a bean seed project in 
Mulukuku, where we managed to go 
before the end of our trip. 

Our group found it meaningful to 
be involved in these relief efforts. But 
even after millions of dollars of relief 
aid are given, the poverty, hunger, 
and violence will be continuing reali- 
ties unless Nicaragua's unjust 
economic and political structures are 
addressed. And natural disasters will 
continue to dev- 
astate nations 
such as this one, 
which have so 
few resources to 
defend them- 

But how can 
ordinary people 
make a difference 
at such levels? In 
the course of 
preparing to lead 
this delegation, I 
learned about a 
growing interna- 
tional campaign 
called "lubilee 
2000," which has 
brought me much 
hope. The goal of 
the worldwide 
organization is to 
"cancel the 
crushing international debt of 
impoverished countries by the new 
millennium." Campaign leaders 
explain: "The principle of (ubilee 
first expressed in the Hebrew Scrip- 
tures declares the moral conviction 
that debts should be forgiven before 
people are driven to misery and 

But why should the debts of some 
countries be forgiven? lubilee 2000 
explains further that the responsibil- 
ity for national debts of highly 
indebted nations is shared widely. 
Some responsibility lies with the 
creditors who have often loaned for 
political reasons rather than accord- 
ing to sound economic principles. 

It is enlightening to see how 
Nicaragua, for instance, incurred its 
debt. The debt began in the 1970s 
when US-supported dictator Anasta- 
sio Somoza made war against his own 

March 1999 Messenger 25 

people. When he was forced from power in 
1 979 after years of civil war, he emptied 
the national treasury. The new govern- 
ment borrowed more money in the 1980s 
to rebuild the nation that was war-torn 
and broke. Funds were also needed to 
defend the nation against US -backed 
Contra forces. 

It is important, too, to understand that 
the World Court in the Hague ruled 
against the US government in 1986 for 
causing $ 1 7 billion of damage during the 
war. The US refused to pay this debt, 
which is three times the size of 
Nicaragua's total national debt today. But 
Nicaragua is still expected to pay its debt. 

No, these are not simple issues, but it is 
urgent that we start somewhere to under- 
stand and address them, lubilee 2000 is a 
good place to start, both for education and 
for action. It is not that God loves the poor 
more than the rich. But it is only through 
God's grace enabling rich and poor to 
work together that the healing of us allf^Tri 
will be found. ffl 

Sue Wagner Fields, of Bernville. Pa., is an ordained 
minister of the Church of the Brethren, working in areas 
of justice, peace, simple living, and family. 

For more information 

Jubilee 2000, 222 E. Capitol St., NE, Washington, DC 20003-1036 
Phone: 202-783-3566 Website: 

Witness for Peace, 1229 15th St., NW, Washington, DC 20005 
Phone: 202-588-1471 Website: 

Books to read: 

'Dark Victory: United States. Structural Adjustment and 

Global Poverty, by Bello Walden. 
'Fifty Years is Enough: The Case Against the World Bank 

and IMF, by Kevin Danaher. 
• The Debt Boomerang: How Third World Debt Harms Us All, 

by Susan George. 
'Faith and Credit: The World Bank's Secular Empire, by 

Susan George. 

To purchase coffee that will help small Nicaraguan coffee farmers rebuild 
their lives in the wake of hurricane Mitch, contact; 
Equal Exchange, 251 Revere St., Canton, MA 02021 
Phone: 517-830-0303 Website: 

Many of the small farmers who grow coffee for Equal Exchange in 
Nicaragua live and farm in the northwestern part of the county, the area 
hardest hit by Mitch. These farmers lost family members, homes, trees, 
processing plants, and more. You can support them and Equal Exchange's 
efforts to help these farmers pick up the pieces of their lives by purchas- 
ing Equal Exchange coffee, especially their Nicaraguan blends, either 
directly from the company, or from SERRV. 


Family ties 

I've been a special education teacher for 1 5 years, mostly 
working with emotionally handicapped children. Although 
I've grown as a teacher, I've never been happy with the 
way 1 handle conflict between students. My usual pattern 
is to strengthen the ignoring skills of the "victim" and 
punish the bully, adding a message that it isn't nice to be 
mean. This approach is minimally successful, as one 
might imagine. 

Returning to my EH classroom this year, 1 was deter- 
mined to handle conflict more effectively, but had no idea 
how to accomplish it. On the day I was to receive a new stu- 
dent, 1 became aware that there had been conflict between 
this student and one who was already in my class; in fact, 
the two of them had had a fistfight in the cafeteria that day. 
Feeling a bit panicked, 1 wracked my brain, struggling to 
find the technique, the approach, the AN'VTHING that 
would resolve the clash that was about to take place between 
two large, aggressive 12-year-old boys. 

All afternoon I stewed over this and could not find a 
single thing in my head that would help the situation. In 
desperation, with 10 minutes to go, I prayed: "Lord, I 
don't have a clue how to handle this. I don't just want to 
stop the conflict, I want to change their whole thinking. 
Can you help me?" The answer I received was so bizarre, 
1 couldn't believe I'd heard correctly. 

The bell rang, the new student came in, the tension in 
my classroom surged. 1 asked the new boy to sit at the 
table with me, and 1 said to my class, "Let's talk about 
something. 1 know that you two boys have had fights 
before. Many of us are nervous that it will happen again. 
But it won't happen, not in here. In here, we are family. 
In here, we take care of each other. This is your safe 
place. Outside that door, kids will pick on you, make fun 
of you, call you names. But when you come through this 
door, into this room, you are returning to your family. We 
support each other. This is a peaceful place, and we are 
all safe here." 

The tension melted away. 1 could feel it ebbing as I spoke, 
which gave me more courage to say the words that at first 
felt awkward. I called each student's name, asking for a 
commitment to our "family," and received it. There was a 
handshake between the two boys who had fought before. 
And then we got on with our work. There is a remarkable 
absence of conflict in my classroom, and there have been no 
other fights in the cafeteria or anywhere else. 

Someday, maybe, 1 can help my students see that we an 
ALL family. 

— Marsha Banicki Graham. Beacon Heights Church of the Brethren, 
Fort Wayne. Ind. 

M^i!.ENOER would like to piihlisb olhet <:hort colorful humorous or poignant 
stories of real-life incidents ini oh ing Btethi en Please send your submission to 
Messenger, l~t51 Dundee Ave.. Plgin. IL 60120-169-1 or e-mail to the editor at 

26 Messenger March 1999 

Anger — gi 

God can take it 

ve it to God 

5Y Frank Ramirez 

Psalm 137 

fy the rivers of Babylon — there we 
at down and there we wept when we 
smembered Zion. 

)n the willows there we hung up our 

'or there our captors asked us for 
ongs, and our tormentors asked for 
lirth, saying. "Sing us one of the 
ongs of Zion ! " 

low could we sing the Lord's song in 
foreign land? 

If I forget you. Jerusalem, let my 
right hand wither! 

Let my tongue cling to the roof of my 
mouth, if I do not remember you. if I do 
not set (erusalem above my highest joy. 

Remember. O Lord, against the 
Edomites the day of /erusalem's fall, 
how they said. "Tear it down! Tear it 
down! Down to its foundations!" 

O daughter Babylon, you devastator! 
Happy shall they be who pay you 
back what you have done to us! 

Happy shall they be who take your 
little ones and dash them against the 

I admit this is not in the least bit 
rational, but the truth is the truth. 
I feel tremendous anger every time I 
catch a replay of Bobby Thompson's 
home run in 1951. You know, the 
ninth inning home run that helped 
the New York Giants defeat the 
Brooklyn Dodgers in a playoff for 
the National League pennant. 

It doesn't much make sense. After 
all, I wasn't even around when this 
event took place. 1 grew up a fan of 
the Los Angeles Dodgers. It doesn't 
matter. I get furious when people 
bring it up as one of sport's greatest 
moments (it wasn't of course, 
because it involved the Giants). 

Why, I find myself wondering, 
couldn't the team bus have caught 
fire and everyone died? Why did the 
Giants have to win? 1 don't mean 
any of it. But I think it. 

When you come down to it, I even 
like various members of the Giants 
legacy, such as manager Dusty Baker 
and one-time pitcher |uan Marichal. 
But I hate the Giants and I have to 
admit that to myself and realize that's 
irrational, especially since they didn't 
loot and pillage my people and take 
them away to a distant land. 

Brethren sometimes don't like to 
admit they hate people, but God's 
people in other times have no such 

Psalm 137 harks back to a bitter 
time in the history of God's people. 
After bad kings and allegiance to 
false gods, the people of the southern 
kingdom were conquered by the 
Babylonian Empire. It was a time of 
personal disaster and national cata- 
strophe beyond comprehension to 
most Americans. It was also a period 
of extraordinary religious crisis. At 
the time it was assumed that battles 
on earth mirrored battles in heaven 
between the patron gods of the vari- 
ous nations. It seemed a fair 
assumption that the Hebrew God 

March 1999 Messenger 27 

was roundly defeated by some Baby- 
lonian deity. 

Everything was lost in that struggle. 
People died, often horribly. Others 
were enslaved. Conquered peoples 
endured horrific pains, physical and 
emotional. As they were led away into 
slavery, God's people realized they'd 
lost the land they'd been given by God. 
Nothing had any meaning. 

The psalm records the distress of 
the people as they thought of all they 
had lost. They were being led to a 
place where a strange tongue would 
be spoken. Their tormentors mocked 
them, commanding that they sing a 
song about the land from which they 
were about to be wrenched. Certain 
that land and song, and perhaps even 
God, were all inextricably tied 
together, God's people hung up their 
harps on the willows of the homes 
they left behind, convinced they 
would never sing these songs again. 

As it turned out, the people later 
discovered they could indeed sing 
the songs of Zion in a foreign land. 
They may have been defeated, but 
God endures no such defeat. They 
retained their identity, their lan- 
guage, and their religious customs. 
They endured, and eventually tri- 
umphed. Their exile lasted about as 
long as the reign of the commissars 
in the Soviet Union. Evil empires 
tend to self-destruct after a time, 
although to contemporaries they may 
seem eternal. 

But they didn't know this at the time. 
Like dust bowl refugees, they might 
well have sung, "Ain't got a home in 
this world anymore." And in addition 
to their despair they felt a deep and 
harsh hatred toward their captors. 
Hatred that was expressed in a heart- 
felt desire that their captors someday 
feel the same terror and hopelessness 
God's people were feeling. Hatred so 
profound they blessed future genera- 
tions of conquerors who might 
mercilessly destroy their captors' 
infants, in perhaps the same way they'd 
seen their own children slaughtered. 

Typically when Psalm 137 pops up 
in the lexicon the final verses are not 
recited. That's reflected in Hymnal 
1 48, "By The Waters," a delicate 
melody which reflects the poignant 

ache of the exiles, but leaves aside 
the expression of hatred. So does the 
haunting "By the Rivers" from the 
musical Godspell. Hymnal 134, 
"Babylon Streams Received Our 
Tears" gets closer to the mark, when 
in its final verse lyricist Calvin 
Seerveld writes: "God give you evil 
for reward. Bles'd be the one who 
brings your fall. Babylon great your 
seed be smashed! Vengeance shall 
come from God our Lord." 

But most songs don't dare include 
the final verses of the psalm. Nor do 
most churches lift up the second half 
of the psalm in worship. 

Most people quote only the begin- 
ning because it expresses one of the 
most desperate longings — the 
desire to get back to the golden age, 
the past that has been wrenched 
away. You can't get there from here. 

Then the psalm degenerates into the 
gut-wrenching anger people feel as 
part of the normal process of grieving. 
Some people deny the anger part of 
their grief. I've seen widows who 
refuse to say anything about that no- 
good so-and-so who should have done 
better for them, or who refused to obey 
doctor's orders and could have lived 
longer, or simply died too soon and 
was loved so much. We're not com- 
fortable with anger. 

But it's there. 

Deep down inside we believe there is 
something unchristian about a deep 
and heartfelt hatred. Especially for a 
folk who claims to be peaceable. 1 
think those final verses of Psalm 137 
accurately display the anger the people 
of God must have felt upon being 
wrenched from their homeland. 

God doesn't have to act on the 
psalmist's anger, nor our own. God 
has his own agenda. But we owe it to 
God to express that deep anger or it 
will never be healed. It will work its 
way into our guts and poison our 

1 remember in a Bible study on 
lonah asking nice Brethren folks if 
they had ever felt such a rich and 
deep hate. Of course not, they 
answered. They liked to think they 
didn't hate anybody. But one by one 
they admitted it. One had just seen 
someone murdered in another coun- 

try on TV, bludgeoned to death, and 
they were angry about it. They soon 
began to call to mind other examples 
of atrocities, such as wars of hunger 
and attrition in which infants were 
the first to die. Doesn't God want to 
hear about this anger from us? If we 
believe in a personal God, do we 
treat that God as a person? 

The key is that the anger must be 
given to God. It is up to God to act. 
Retribution belongs to God. 

People in other cultures express 
their deep anger, then don't think 
about it again. Perhaps you would be 
shocked to see people holler and 
scream and rant at each other, and 
then go out to dinner together. But 
they do. When you see people in the 
Middle East worked up into a frenzy 
about America as the great satan, yet 
hear reports of how well American 
tourists are treated in those same 
places, you know there is a differ- 
ence between the deep and abiding 
hatred people can feel and their nat- 
ural goodwill as they act. 

Many Americans have not found 
themselves in the sort of situation 
well known in other countries where 
entire populations are displaced, and 
the innocent are slaughtered whole- 
sale. We can hardly judge them if 
their anger ends in a call to God for 
retribution to their enemies. 

The Psalms present in our conver- 
sation with God all the depth and 
breadth of human emotion. I love the 
Psalms because they are so blunt and 
honest, challenging even God in his 
heavens for not working fast enough 
or being as smart as us. I think 
Psalms should be the heart of wor- 
ship because we're praying and 
crying and laughing and bleeding 
and living together. 

When we pray the Psalms, and a 
psalm in its entirety, we stand with 
other believers, no matter how 
uncomfortable it makes us feel, in 
their anger as well as their joy, their 
grief as well as their exaltation. We 
acknowledge that God is a real God 
who accepts our emotions as rjT' 
authentically ours. I '. 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren, Elkhart. Ind. 

28 Messenger March 1999 

Diversity issues need not be divisive but can 
be stimulating and progressive on all sides. 

Jessing of diversity 

s a regular recipient of Messenger, 
have noticed many articles and let- 
;rs dealing with the subject of 
iversity within the church. [See 
The blessing of diversity," 
jn./Feb.] May I contribute another 
n a personal level? 

My spouse and I share an interfaith 
larriage: both of us are active in the 
fe of our respective faith communi- 
es. Religion is the source of unity in 
ur relationship and is extended by 
oth of us to our daughter. We all 
upport each other in matters of the 
pirit and do our best to make sure 
lat there is time available for our 
ivolvement in our religious commu- 
ities and their affairs. 

There was a time when the church 
ly wife was affiliated with had 
hanged pastors. With this change, 
[le pastoral tolerance and accep- 
ance we, as a family, enjoyed at this 
hurch changed also. After many 
ears of affiliation with this church, 
ly wife felt an urge to find another. 
Vith our interfaith marriage, where 
ould she go? 

I had accompanied my wife while 
he "tried" several churches in our 
rea. It was the noticeable affection 
hat existed among family and con- 
regational members of the 
.akewood Church of the Brethren 
Millbury, Ohio) that caught both of 
)ur interests. A short time later, my 
k'ife became a member. 

I was pleased that she found a faith 
ommunity that she could call home, 
iince this time, my friendship with 
he pastor as well as the congrega- 
ional members has deepened, 
lecently, my parents (not members 
f any particular church and having 
10 relation to Lakewood Church of 
he Brethren) passed away. Every 
indness was shown to me and my 

family in many forms — charitable 
donations in their honor, pastoral 
support, spiritual support by this 
congregation, and a funeral supper. 
All this was offered to me — a non- 

I believe that this church has bene- 
fited by our family's involvement. My 
wife became active in their Women's 
Fellowship meetings, helping to orga- 
nize funeral suppers, and assisting in 
children's education. While I am 
mindful that I cannot involve myself in 
the internal affairs of the congrega- 
tion, it was at their invitation that 1 
was able to help with various church 
projects. I have never at any time felt 
any attempt to proselytize me; and it 
would be rude of this guest to prosely- 
tize them. Some members go to great 
lengths to make sure that I do not feel 
insulted or belittled because of holiday 
events, fellowship events, or spiritual 

Nonetheless, their concerns have 
become my concerns and my con- 
cerns, theirs. I feel accepted for who 
I am, welcomed, and respected by 
this truly loving membership. 

We live in a world whose bound- 
aries are shrinking; some of us fall in 
love and marry someone of another 
culture, ethnic background, or reli- 
gion. This is what my wife and I did. 
We mutually agreed to not ask the 
other to convert as a condition of 
marriage. This, we thought, would 
preserve the spiritual identity of both 
of us. After 20 years of marriage, it 
seems to have worked and has 
strengthened our union. 

Those of us in an interfaith mar- 
riage have unique needs — not the 
least of these are spiritual. Where 
could the spouses go to be inspired 
by the pastor ... to be uplifted by the 
community of believers ... to lend 
support to the work of God . . . and 
not be saddled with additional bur- 

dens like the need to convert? Lake- 
wood Church of the Brethren has 
provided these to my wife and, yes, 
also to me. 

I have found that many people of 
deep faith explore core issues not by 
finding information that agrees with 
their views but by seeking views that 
challenge their ideas. Even though 
the pastor is of a different faith than 
mine, I find from him new ideas and 
insights, new understandings of the 
Bible, and fascinating views on 
Christian history and current moral 
issues. Diversity issues need not be 
divisive but can be stimulating and 
progressive on all sides. 

A church member asked me once if 
I was a member of the church. I told 
him that 1 was not but that my wife 
is. He then asked if I was a Christian. 
My reply? "Christian — no — 
believer in The Christ? — yes, most 
definitely. 1 am a follower of Baha-u- 
llah and member of the Baha'i Faith." 
[ohn Kroclimnlny 
Wulhridge. Ohio 


Glendale Church of the Brethren 
7238 N. 6 1st Avenue 
Glendale. AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

^^. — J — ■ — ^ ■ 

Community Church of the Brethren 
1 1 1 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602) 985-8819 

Sunday Services 10: 1 5 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 
Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602)955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 
Sunday Services 10:00 AM 

March 1999 Mi;ssi-:ngi;k 29 

Classified Ads 


Diabetics with Medicare-or insurance. Save money on 
diabetic supplies. For more information call (800) 3374144. 


Wanted: Young adults of any age, married or single, 
to attend the 1999 Young Adult Conference, May 29-31 
at Camp Woodland Altars in Peebles, Ohio. Keynote 
speaker will be David Radcliff with musical leadership 
fromjoesph Helfrich. Enjoy worship, workshops, recre- 
ation, and meeting new people. Come join us for a 
weekend of spiritual reflection and growth. Registration 
$80. For more information on how to register call the 
Youth and Young Adult Ministries Office at 800-323-8039 

Come worship in the Valley of the Sun with Com- 
munity Church of the Brethren at 111 .N. Sunvalley 
Blvd., Mesa, A2 86207. Mail to: 8343 E. Emelita Ave., 
Mesa, AZ 85208. Tel. (602) 357-9811. 

Coming to Florida this winter? Come to Braden- 
ton-Sarasota area. Good Shepherd Church of the 
Brethren invites you to share great worship celebra- 
tions, Sunday school. Saints Alive, Brethren bowling 
league, arts and crafts, quilting, tour groups, and great 
fellowship meals. Contact pastor Don White at 941- 
792-9317 or 758-0988. 

"Snow Birds" and all Florida visitors Come wor- 
ship with us— a small, warm, family of Brethren. Venice 
Community Church of the Brethren, 2269 S. Tamiami 
Trail (U.S. 41), Venice, FL 34293 Phone:(941)497-7442. 

Stay at the Hospitality House in St. Petersburg, 
Fla. — a week, two weeks, a month — any time of 
year. Everything furnished but your food. Sleeps 6 to 
10 conveniently Clergy or laity families welcome. Rea- 
sonable donation requested. Contact for details, cost, 
scheduling, and reservation form: First Church of the 
Brethren, 36S1 71st Street North, St. Petersburg, FL 
33710- (727) 
Come and let us enjoy your friendship! 


Program Field Staff. The Association of Brethren Care- 
givers is seeking a full-time program field staff to be 
responsible for coordinating the program of the Denom- 
inational Deacon Ministry and other ministries, possibly 
Family Life Ministry and Lafiya: A Whole-Person Health 
Ministry This position, located in Elgin, III., will begin 
July 1 and fill the vacancy created by the retirement of 
Jay Gibble and June Gibble, who had shared this full- 
time position. Jay Gibble retired Jan. l;June Gibble will 
retire mid-year. The ideal candidate will exhibit the fol- 
lowing qualifications and qualities: relevant experience; 
appreciation of the special ministry of deacons within 
the Church of the Brethren; enthusiasm for the mission 
and ministries of ABC; understanding of the Church of 
the Brethren heritage, theology and polity; bachelor's 
degree in a related field; high energy and motivation for 
excellence; proficiency in interpretation and consensus 
building; excellent communication, organization and 
computer skills. Some travel will be required. Send letter 
of application, resume and three references to Steve 
Mason, Executive Director, ABC, 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, IL 60120. 


Travel with a purpose: Joan and Wendell Bohrer pre- 
sent Spain, Portugal, and Morocco, Aug. 5-8, 1999. 15 
days at $2,799, with all accommodations except lunch. 
Visit Lisbon, Madrid, Seville, Granada, and a great deal 
more. NOTE: There is room available on our Passion 
Play Tours for the year 2000. For information, write, 
tel/fax or e-mail Tel/fax: 941-382- 

9371. After April 1; 5520 Royal Meadow Dr., Indianapolis, 
IN 46217,, Tel/fax 317-882-5067. 

Travel to Annual Conference in Milwaukee, with visits 
to Wisconsin Dells, Chicago, the Henry Ford Museum in 
Dearborn, Michigan, and the Brethren offices in Elgin, 
For information please write to J. Kenneth Kreider, 1300 
Sheaffer Road, Elizabethtown PA 17022. 

A i^Pif Opportunity 
through Brethren Education 

A Church of the Brethren educa- 
tion is distlhctive! Students find 
opportunities for academic 
achievement; intellectual curiosit/i 
and spiritual development, and 
programs that foster maturity, 
leadership, and service.The six 
Church of the Brethren colleges, 
alotig with Bethany Seminary and 
Brethren Colleges Abroad (BCA) 
are collaborating to encourage 
Brethren students to study and 
grow in a Brethren setting. 
Join us in promoting Brethren 
higher education. 

Brethren Colleges Abroad 
North Manchester, Indiana 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
' Richmond, Indiana 

Bridgewater College 
Bridgewater, Virginia 

Elizabethtown College 
Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania 

Juniata College 
Huntingdon, Pennsylvania 

University of La Verne 
La Verne, California 

Manchester College 
North Manchester, Indiana 

McPherson College 
McPherson, Kansas 


The Brethren Recruiting Project • Church of the Brethren General Board 
1451 Dundee Ave. • Elgin, IL 60120-9958 

30 March 1999 

lew Members 

likeny, Iowa: Melinda Moeckly 

ntioch, Rocky Mount. Va.: lonathan 
Emmons, Bradley Garst, Betty 
Rakes. Emily Webb 

ish Creek, Monrovia, Md: Scot 
Hottel, Debra Keeney. Vernon 
Keeney. Lauren Weinberg. lim 
Walker, Linda Walker, Allen Wilson, 
Amanda Elliott 

upont, Ohio: Matt Angelstorf, Greg 
Scherer, Denise Scherer, Laura 

khart City, Elkhart, Ind.: Walter 
Haroff. Imogene Rothermel. Karen 
and David Eis, |ill Noffsinger. 
Joseph Vance, Crystal Rogers. Trisha 
Hoke, Laurie Arnold 

iiglish River, South English. Iowa: 
Maegen Van Dee 

ohrata. Pa.: Donald Eisenberger, 
Krista Forehand, Stephanie Murr. 
Harry Nestorick. Bill Myers. Michael 
and Sarah Young. David and C.|. 
Koch. Desiree Cisney. lacob Harley. 
Daniel Kulp, Kristin Miley 

reensburg, Pa.: Eric Davis. Brenda 
D?\is. Steve Ramer. Angela Faust. 
Amber Heminger. Kerri Holsopple, 
Kristen Waugh, Mark Romeo, Frank 
Wheeler, Amy Ramer 

artville, Ohio: Christopher Bruner. 
Donna Bruner. lames Houmard, 
Beatriz Houmard, Robert Riley, Car- 
olyn Riley, Steve Mitchell, Kay 
Mitchell, David Mitchell, Mark Lon- 
sway. Kim Lonsway. Glenn Kline. 
Ann Kline. lohn Lehner, Wendy 
Quartz, Shari Appel, Angle 

ooversville. Pa.: Aaron Weaver, Mil- 
dred Shaffer, loseph Rosey III. Ruth 
Maggs. Willa Mae and Gary Weaver 

ampeter, Pa.: Brian Sigman. Donna 

iberty Mills, Ind.: Kris and Beverly 

ogansport, Ind.: Rick and Missey 
Nelson. Brooke Campbell. Andrew 
Fo,\, Eli Graham. Troy Markley. Nila 
Markley, Stephen Osborn. Ron 
Roller, Karen Roller, Ben Spitler, 
Kim Willis 

laple Grove, Ashland, Ohio: Brian 
and Barb Siler, Marty Wesner, lenny 
Wesner, Cassie Wesner, Katelyn 
Ballinger, Kyle Bernhard, Bridgette 
and leff Carrick, Marjie Heffelfin- 
ger, Alice and Amanda Keener, 
Jennifer Steward, Galen and 
Dorothy Cocanour, Don and Bonnie 
Fowler, Shirley Mailloux 

lessiah, Kansas City, Mo.: David 
Kauer, Daniel Roberts, Leaman 

lidland, Va,: Ruth Dawson, leremy 
Smith, Gwen Stoltzfus. Ruby Stoltz- 
fus. Violet Stoltzfus. Nathan Wolff 

lohrsville. Pa.: Stephen Bealer, Heidi 
Felix. Christopher Kunkel, Tiffani 
Lakin, Elmer and Stephanie Lenz. 
Michael Meredith, Ted and Ann Stal- 

anther Creek, Adel, Iowa: Chuck 
Zeimet, Carol Zeimet, Christopher 
Zeimet, Courtney Zeimet, Tom 

Barker, Leila Barker. Laura Barker, 
lamie Heefner, less McCord, Nathan 
Fritz, Erin Hughes, Curt Hunt, 
Amanda Marshall, Lorin Neuman- 
Lee, Shantelle Winters, Wendy 
Glenn. Verlan Miller. Barb Wright, 
lohn Wright 

Paradise, Smithville, Ohio: Robert 
Armitage, Donna Armitage 

Sugar Creek West, Lima. Ohio: Robert 
and Martha Stoner. Ruby Mihm 

Sunfield, Mich.: Eugene L. and Marie 

Skyridge, Kalamazoo, Mich.: Gayle 
Brisky. Vicki Haan, Shari Boone 

Springfield, Coopersburg, Pa.: Ken 
and Dawn Michener. Keith and 
Donna Wolf. Bonnie Weaver. Sharon 
Weiner. David Weiner. Ir. 

Troy, Ohio: Kristi Baugher, Carol lack- 
son. Kim Landrey, Maurice and Pat 
Williams. Christopher Reed. 
Matthew Roop. Sharon Walker 

White Oak, Penryn. Pa.: lacob 
Martens. Bonnie Martens, Wayne 
Esh, lustin Lowe. Esther Brubaker, 
losiah Brubaker, Tara Heisey. Nancy 
S. Horst. Amy Martens, Caria 
Martens, luliana Wantz, Brittanie 

Whitestone, Tonasket, Wash.: William 
Bedient. Sarah Bedient 


BarkdoII, Edwin and Helen. Wavnesboro. 

Pa.. 65 
Buirley, Cliff and Sarah, Troy, Ohio. 35 
Dessenberg, Courtland and Eileen. 

Ashland. Ohio. 60 
lones, Vern and Bonnie. .Avon Park. 

Fla.. 50 
Miller, Kenny and Erma, Elkhart, Ind.. 50 
Wampler, B.|. and Mary Virginia, 

Harrisonburg. Va.. 55 


Adams, lames, 83. Hagerstown. Md., 

Ian. 15. 1998 
Bahn, Violet. 97, Dallastown. Pa.. |an. 2 
Baker, Harold. 72, Mt. Morris. HI. 

Dec. 18 
Bechlold, Marv Alice. 92, Mt. Morris. 

111., Dec. 26 
Benedict, Edith Ella. 84. Vermonlville, 

Mich.. Nov. 25 
Bennetch. Sallie. 97. Ephrata, Pa., Oct. 

Brandenburg, Ernest, 79. Hagerstown. 

Md.. luly 22 
Brubaker, Lucy. 96. Hardy, Va., Nov. 18 
Cauffiel, D. Edward, 91. Davidsville, 

Pa.. Nov. 20 
Cline, Sarah. 97. Salida, Colo., Oct. 8 
Coblentz, Margaret. 75, Mt. Morris, 

111., Oct. 3 
Couch, Altha E., 101, Raytown. Mo.. 

Dec. 26 
Crouse, Edith, 78. Adel, Iowa, Dec. 4 
Crumley, |anet. 55. Fort Wayne, Ind., 

Dec. 21 
Davis, Nellie Mae, 73, Adel, Iowa, Dec, 6 
Deeler, Delores. 92. Troy, Ohio, Feb. 5 
Dcffenbaugh, Patricia, Friedens, Pa., 

Nov. 20 
Deiberl, Beulah. 96. Hagerstown, Md., 

Nov. 13 
Delauter, Roy "Les," Frederick, Md., 

Oct. 23 

Devereaux, David. 57. Tonasket, 

Wash.. Dec. 14 
Deyerle, Lois. Salem. Va.. 87. Dec. 30 
Eaton, lohn B., 86. Harrisonburg. Va,, 

Ian. 13 
Erb, Kathryn, 83. Ephrata, Pa., |an. 9 
Eyier, Helen, 82, Boonsboro, Md.. |an. 

23. 1998 
Fahnestock, Esther. 88. Ephrata. Pa.. 

Ian. 17 
Perm, Dora. 90, Elkhart, Ind., Oct. 19 
Ferry, Cora Mae. 77. Martinsburg, Pa., 

Dec. 16 
Flory, Ronald, 83. Rockford, 111., Dec. 26 
Foick, .Ada, 85, Troy, Ohio, March 1 1 
Frey, Esther B.. 88, New Oxford, Pa.. 

|an. 11 
Fultr, Nora M., 85, Ashland, Ohio. 

Nov. 20 
Gannon, Rosella M., 79. Ashland. 

Ohio. Nov. 20 
Gerberich, loseph, 101, Hagerstown, 

Md.. luly 13 
Gochnauer, Etta Mae. 66, Orrville, 

Ohio. Dec. 23 
Hess, Dorothy M.. 89. Harrisonburg. 

Va., Dec. 16 
Hess, Merl. 66, Roaring Spring. Pa., 

Dec. 11 
Hill, Harriet. 74. Hagerstown, Md.. 

Dec. 25 
Hochstetler, Laura. 91. W. Salem, 

Ohio. Dec. 13 
Hoffman, Robert. 74, Hagerstown, 

Md.. Ian. 7. 1998 
Hoover, Esther B., 94, Hanover, Pa., 

Dec. 8 
lennings. Katherine. 108, Clear 

Spring, Md.. March 11, 1998 
Johnson, Virginia. 78, Hagerstown, 

Md,, Oct. 21 
Kelly, Delbert. 88, McPherson, Kan.. 

Dec. 1 
Kimmel, Luella. Friedens, Pa.. |uly 28 
Knupp, William, 50. lohnstown. Pa., 

luly 7 
Kuhn, Lonnie. 55. Oakland, Md.. Ian. 2 
Landes, Ralph. 92. Kansas City, Kan., 

Nov. 16 
Lightner, Nellie, 80, Troy. Ohio. March 27 
Linde, Elmer L.. 79, Ankeny, Iowa, 

Nov. 14 
LoCastro, Frank |.. 65, Altoona. Iowa, 

Nov. 20 
Love, Mary. 84. Latrobe, Pa.. April 25 
Lyons, fohn, Somerset, Pa.. Feb. 13. 

Masterson, O. Ray. 59. Brownsville. 

Tex.. Sept. 9 
Mayner, Wilma R.. 81. Higbee. Mo.. 

Nov. 8 
McCann, Kenneth Sr., 74. Greensburg, 

Pa., luly 10 
McWilliams, Vertie M., 93, New 

Oxford, Pa.. Dec. 22 
Messamer, Fern, 93. Adel. Iowa. July 24 
Miller, Eula R.. 95, Harrisonburg. Va., 

Dec. 1 1 
Miller, Virginia M.. 89, Harrisonburg. 

Va.. Dec. 21 
Moomaw, Ethel. 89. La Verne. Calif.. 

Nov. 21 
Moomaw, |ennie. 96. La Verne, Calif., 

Dec. 9 
Myers, Kenneth L., 89, Goshen, Ind,. 

Ian. 12 
Norwood, lean, 72. Kokomo. Ind.. 

Sept. 27 
Oberholzer, Wilmer, 77, Hagerstown. 

Md.. Ian. 17. 1998 

Peffer, Betty lane. 65, Waynesboro, Pa., 

Dec. 21 
Poole, Herman. Frederick. Md., Nov. 12 
Poole, Luretta. 88, Boonsboro. Md., 

Feb. 25. 1998 
Potter, Dorothy, 59, lohnstown. Pa.. 

Oct. 12 
Reed, Don, 59. McPherson, Kan.. Ian. 12 
Rodgers, Pauline L.. 53. Ashland, 

Ohio, Dec. 22 
Roe, Thelma. 89. Hagerstown, Md., 

Nov. 1 1 
Sano, lerry, 58, Brooksville. Fla.. April 

Schweinsburg, Ruth. 77. Greensburg. 

Pa.. May 20 
Sherwood, Emma. 90, Troy. Ohio. 

Oct. 28 
Souder. Ellen |.. 105. Harleysville. Pa., 

Sept. 24 
Spann, Joanne E.. 71. N. Manchester, 

Ind.. Dec. 26 
Sline, Gladys, 94. Adel, Iowa, Feb, 14, 1998 
Stine, Ira, 90, Adel, Iowa, Oct, 2 
Suter, Evelyn, 89, North English, Iowa, 

Dec. 24 
Tennis, Mabel E. 81, Dillsburg. Pa., 

Dec. 31 
Thumm, Frances, 77, Hagerstown, 

Md., March 11, 1998 
Togasaki. Yoshiko, 92, Berkelev. CaliL, 

Dec. 20 
Wright, Michael. 35. Roanoke. Va., 

Nov. 18 


Baker, Allen |., to Williamsburg. Pa.. 

Ian. 1 1 
Contra, Pete, to Oakland, Bradford, 

Ohio, |an. 1 
Deyerle, G. Ernest, to Red Hill. 

Roanoke. Va.. Dec. 13 
Hagenberger, Gene M., from Roaring 

Spring, Pa., to Peach Blossom. 

Easlon. Md.. lune 14 
Kunselman. Dorothy, to Plumcreek, 

Shelocta. Pa., part-time, May 1 
Oltman, Berwyn. to New Covenant. 

Gotha. Fla.. October 
Page, Ron, from lames Creek, Markles- 

burg. Pa., to Albright, Roaring 

Spring, Pa., March 15 
Raley, David, to Terrace View. Forest, 

Va.. Dec. 20 
Rinehart, |oe, from Spindale. N.C., to 

Mill Creek. Tryon, N.C.. Feb. 1 
Sage, Glenn H.. to Fairview. Floyd. Va., 

Oct, 18 
Stroup. Donald, to Lakeview, Brethren, 

Stump. Mildred, Elkhart, Ind, 
Young. Sarah Leatherman, from Akron 

(Ohio) First, to Prince of Peace, Lit- 
tleton, Colo., lune 15 


Harvey, lohn, Aug, 15, La Verne, Calif. 
Lease. Karen. Sept. 12. York Center, 

Lombard, 111. 
Longenecker, lames E., Sept. 9. 

Arcadia. Fla. 


Sauder, Steve. Nov. 14. Gortner 

Union, Oakland. Md. 
Turley, Charles. May 15, Lowman 

Valley, Va. 

March 1999 Messenger 31 


< I • 


The last great superpower 

It is a splendid tiling to love one's country," said Pablo 
Casals, "but why must love stop at the border?" As 
Christians we know borders are artificial things and that 
God loves people on both sides equally. Yet if a devastat- 
ing hurricane is moving up the Caribbean destroying 
everything in its path, the only concern voiced on our 
weather reports is whether it will hit Key West or Miami. 
The wrenching poverty in Tijuana or Port-au-Prince, 
only a few miles from US borders, is somehow not our 
poverty. Cuba, which ought to be a neighbor, is still 
behind an Iron Curtain in our minds. 

The church has always been about the work of crossing 
borders. We have been raised on inspiring stories of coura- 
geous relief and development efforts, and reports of 
missionary evangelism. Those tales were all the more excit- 
ing because they came from faraway, mysterious lands. 
Now the world is shrinking. We are more 
aware than ever of worldwide connections 
in economics and ecology. Our incomes 
are rising, airfares are falling, the cold war 
is ending, and communication technology 
is improving. It is increasingly possible to 
go, in many ways, to the places we once 
only dreamed about. Globalization is the 
order of the day. 

Ironically, however, our awareness still 
stops at the US border, and even Puerto 
Rico remains a "foreign" country to most 
of us. Our denomination, like many 
others, seems unsure of its role in the 
world. Painfully aware of past mistakes of arrogance, the 
desire to be correct has made churches hesitant and 
financially conservative about missions. At the same 
time, some factions of the church blast full speed into the 
world without humility, clinging to 19th-century models 
of converting heathens. There are better ways to be fully 
engaged, but staying home is no option. 

The church's situation is mirrored in US foreign 
policy. Traumatized by arrogance and failure in Vietnam, 
the US is careful not to get "bogged down" in expensive 
unwinnable wars. Yet aware of its position as "the last 
great superpower," the US wants to play a moral and 
ethical role as peacemaker around the world. But that 
moral and ethical role is limited — there must be some 
selfish interest to justify US involvement in a place like 
Kosovo. "We can't get involved in every ethnic conflict as 
a police force without sooner or later getting overex- 

It doesn't take long to 
learn that proclaiming 
the good news to others 
means hearing it pro- 
claimed to us. We all 
need good news. 

tended," says Henry Kissinger. "I think we need a 
national discussion about what we are trying to do." It is 
tempting to get into that discussion here, beginning with 
a suggestion that military intervention is an outmoded 
and inefficient tool for peacemaking. 

But the church has its own "foreign policy" problems tha 
we should attend to first. Unlike a mere nation, we are 
given a Great Command to "Go into all the world and pro-| 
claim the good news to the whole creation" (Mark 16:15). 
We must not let debate about the meaning of "proclaim" 
stop us from hearing the word "go." We must go. Go study 
global economics. Go get on the internet to raise our 
awareness. Go read newspapers to learn what is going on 
in the world. And go get on airplanes to see for ourselves. 

It is important, of course, to be culturally sensitive and 
politically informed when we go. Providing opportunities 
for global education is an important task 
of the church. But we need not have all thi 
answers. When we get where we're going 
lesus will give us further instructions. We 
must not be too fearful of doing missions 
wrong. Mistakes have been made, and 
there is room for discussion about whethe 
it is more important to feed a man's body 
or save his soul. But it is hard to genuineh 
try to spread the love of |esus without 
doing both. We must go with the humility 
of a servant. |esus is the last great super- 
power, not us. 
The miracle of mission is that it will savi 
our own souls. Few have gone to a mission field without 
being changed by the experience. Conversion happens 
best away from home. When the poor of the world share 
their faith we listen better. When we arrive to find God 
has long been known where we had planned to introduce 
God, our faith is strengthened. When we see how much 
love we get from those we meant to give it to, we feel 
blessed. It doesn't take long to learn that proclaiming tht 
good news to others means hearing it proclaimed to us. 
We all need good news. 

After going into all the world we come home with our 
faith energized. Our stories energize our congregations. 
Borders begin to disappear, the world becomes a smaller 
place, and the church becomes a larger place. As it says 
in the Brethren Peace Fellowship newsletter, "A church 
without borders is one without limit!" It is time to get 
going. — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger March 1999 


y / ' 

Caring Ministries 2000 

JUMFl-4/ 1999 

Sponsored by the Association of Brethren Caregivers 

Keynote Speakers 

Philip Yancey 

Editor-at-large for Christianity 
Today magazine and author of six 
Gold Medallion Award-winning 
books including What's So 
Amazing About Grace? 

Roliert A. Raines 

Former director of the Kirkridge 
Retreat and Study Center in 
Bangor, Pa., and author of 13 
books including /\ Time to Live 

Hlelva Wilson Costen 

Helmar Emil Nielsen professor of 

Worship and Music, director of 

the program "African American 

Worship Traditions" and choral 

music director at the Interdenominational 

Theological Center in Atlanta, Ca. 

Staccato Powell 

Deputy General Secretary for 
National Ministries for the National 
Council of Churches in Christ. 

John J. Shea 

Advocate Healthcare Senior 

Scholar-in-Residence at the Park 

Ridge Center for the Study of 

Health, Faith and Ethics and a 

research professor at the Institute of Pastoral 

Studies, Loyola University of Chicago 

Phillip C. Stone ^ 

President of Bridgewater (Va.) 


Dirertor of the Religion and 
Disability Program at the National 
Organization on Disability located 
in Washington, D.C. 

Bible Study Leader— 
Barbara Lundblad 

Preacher on "The Protestant 

Hour" radio program and other 

ecumenical events and associate 

professor of preaching at Union Theological 



More than 60 workshops focusing on issues 
such as family and marriage relationships, 
death and dying, mediation and reconcilia- 
tion, abuse and addictions, counseling, 
massage, parish nursing and more. 

Post-Conference Seminar 

Robert A. Raines will lead a one-day, post- 
conference seminar to explore ways for^ 
people to re-envision their lives and 
take action to make their lives 
more meaningful. 

For conference information 
CALL (800) 323-8039 

Last year was the 

Last year Brethren 
contributed a record 
$456,210 to the Global 
Food Crisis Fund 

fed 50,000 North Koreans 
until the rice harvest 

provided food for drought victims 
in Mauritania and Honduras 

sent emergency relief to Russians 
caught between a collapsing economy 
and a harsh winter 

assisted Guatemalans in building 
wood-conserving stoves and 
water-storing cisterns 

and helped thousands of Sudanese 
children and their families endure 
the ravages of war 

Give your life — to the neighbor 
who becl<ons you. 

Live your life — for the Christ 
who has called you. 

Find your life — in the living 
and giving. 

Global Food Crisis Fund 

Church of the Brethren General Board 
1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120 
800-323-8039, ext. 229 

Give 'til it helps 

if^tft v n i iu i r fc Wrm i r ini fi i f i m iiH i i i ii r i H ii 

\ n 

-SMUfSS}ZJJ'J:iiii^-3iliS^i J-lp/iiiif'ji) j'JjJj:Lhs3.<d}/-iiSLDJ^ 



r -n 




Listening, iiier-iionng, s(^i|V'ing 


Gbngregatibhal Life meal events 

Outdoor Ministries Luncheon 

Wednesday, June 30, 12 noori 

Youth Peace Travel Team, recognitions 

"Multicultural Dinner *'? 

Wednesday, June 30; S p.m. 
Ethnic Brethren groups lead celebration 

Christian Education Luncheon 
Thursday, July I, 12 noon 
Sonja-Stevvart, speaker 

Congregational Life Ministries Dinner 
Thursday, July 1,5 p.m. 
William Easum, speaker 

Peanut Butter & Jelly Luncheon 
Friday.July 2, ;j2;J0-p,rri.: , ' 
Stewardship;^P:p(i%sfe|ij>0iers, & caretakers 

sfpifitual iJevejoprnent 

WednesdayJuhg?l6,;:7[a:m JS« 

Paul Grout; preserit^r ■ 

Taize Wors 
Becky Rhdiairf^ipB^iffer^JeacIers, : 

Labyrinth 5; 

Friday, July-l, 7 a,m.. s 
David Sfnalley,!eaid& 

Spiritual Direction 3 

Saturday, July 3,7 a.m.; | 

Glenn Mitchell, leader ' 

Youth/Young Adult Insight Sessions 

Youth and Spirituality 
Wednesday, June 30,9 p.m. 
ChriS'Dduglas, leader 

Mentoring Programs for Youth 
Thursday, July 1,9 p.m. 
Chris Douglas, leader 

Teens and Smoking: What Can We Do? 
Friday,July 2, I2:30p.ra. 
Rhonda Pittman Gingrich, leader 

f :.■;;,,. 

Gl^n Insight Sessions 

Breaking Down Racial Barriers 
Wednesday.June 30, 12:30 p.m. 
One congregation's story 

Ethnic/Urban Consultation 
Wednesday, June 30, 9 p.m. 
Panel presentation 

Sister Church Partnerships 
Thursday, July I, 12:30 p.m. 
Logansport/Mexico/Roann story 

Resources: What Congregations Want 
Thursday, July I, 12:30 p.m. 
Wendy McFadden.PCPA survey 

From Here to Where God Wants Us to Be 
Thursday, July 1,9 p.m. 
William Easum, speaker 

The Young Child Worships: Story Context 
Thursday, July 1 , 9 p.m. 
Sonja Stewart, presenter 

Congregational Life Teams Focus Group 

Fridayjuly 2, 9 p.m. 

Davjd Srrialley, stories, talk back 

Understanding Rural Families 
Friday.July 2, 9 p.m. 
Roger Williams, presenter 

Stewardship Education Exists 

Friday,July 2, 9 p.m. ;: 

Dave Witkovsky, Ron Fleming 



Congregational Life Ministries, 
Milwaukee Annual Conference 

Writer, workshop leader, and church strategist 
William Easum will speak at Annual Conference on 
"The Context for Ministry in the 21st Century." This 
signature event, the Congregational Life Ministries 
Dinner, is at 5 p.m. on July I . 

You are invited to all Congregational Life Ministries 
programs. For meal events, order tickets through the 
Annual Conference Office. 

Congregational Life Ministries 

Church of the Brethren General Board 

Becoming a Multicultural Church 

Thursday, July 1,9 p.m. 

Panel on sharing worship space 

The Voices of Worship 
Thursday, July 1,9 p.m. 
Nancy Faus, Jonathan Shively 

Principles of New Church Development 
Friday, July 2, 12:30 p.m. 
Glenn Timmons, coordinator 

te Arts Address Racism 
Friday, July 2, 9 p.m. 
Jail Kensinger, drama 

A Pocketful of ... 

Fridayjuly 2, 9 p.m. 

David Smalley oh games and play 

Handbells in Worship and Beyond 
Friday.July 2, 9 p.m. 
Janelle Flory, Kendra Flory 

www. brethren org 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 



Conference modera- 
tor Lowell Flory in 
his role as professor 
at McPherson Col- 
lege, urges his 
students to be lead- 
ers in all aspects of 
their lives. The 
McPherson students 
pictured with Flory 
are, from left, Scott 
McDearmon, a 
sophomore from 
/lilledgeville. 111., studying theater and business; Sarah 
tover, a junior majoring in English, from Quinter, Kan.; 
haRhonda ("Shay") Maclin, student council president, a 
inior majoring in elementary education, from Oklahoma 
'ity, Okla.; and Seth Good, a sophomore majoring in biol- 
igy, from Annville, Pa. The cover photo and several of the 
hotos appearing with the article on page 10 are by Kris 
5oyer, director of communications for McPherson College. 
5oyer is a native of McPherson, Kan., a graduate of Friends 
Jniversity in Wichita, Kan., and is in her seventh year on the 
ollege's communications staff. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 




10 Servant leader on leadership 

Annual Conference moderator Lowell 
Flory will be bringing refreshing ideas on 
leadership to this year's Conference in Mil- 
waukee. He also brings with him a 
background of many years of effective 
leadership in the Church of the Brethren. 

14 Annual Conference preview 

Turn here lor a preview of the 2 1 5th 
Church of the Brethren Annual Confer- 
ence — its business, candidates for election, 
speakers and programs, and a change-of- 
pace post-Conference opportunity, the 
Great Lakes Song & Story Fest. 

17 Internet with a Brethren difference 

When Michael Addison, manager of infor- 
mation systems for Brethren Benefit Trust, 
went looking for a way to speed up com- 
munication with BBT clients, he came 
across new technology that resulted in 
ClearViewNet, a "filtered" Internet service 
that will soon be offered to families con- 
cerned about Internet content. 

20 Conference Dominican-style 

It was an exciting and joyful time when La 
Iglesia de los Hermanos (the Church of the 
Brethren) met earlier this year for its 8th 
Annual Assembly in the Dominican Repub- 
lic, joined by US church leaders and 
Wayne Zunkel, who reports on the gather- 
ing for Messenger. 

22 Ethnic concerns and hopes 

Howard Royer reports from the Ethnic/ 
Urban Consultation of the Church of the 
Brethren in Kansas City in February. 

24 The tenderness of God 

Harold S. Martin, of York, Pa., writes from 
his study of the Bible, as well as much 
experience, that learning more about 
God's tender nature will lead us to be more 
kind and gentle ourselves. 

April 1999 Messrnger 1 


tk hmkf 

As is traditional in many Ciiurcli of the Brethren congregations, at Highland 
Avenue we did baptisms on Palm Sunday. I was excited that four of the eight 
people we welcomed into membership were youth from the Sunday school class I 
help teach. 

I don't pretend to claim any credit for the decisions of these young people. After 
all, I've been part of this particular class for just seven months. There have been a 
host of people providing the nurture that led to this point. There are parents and 
grandparents. A succession of earlier Sunday school teachers. Pastors. Camp coun- 
selors. Youth group advisors. Mentors. Friends. 

Observing these baptisms led me to recall my own baptism — or baptisms, that is. 
Being an honest-to-goodness Anabaptist, 1 was baptized twice — once at age 4 (sort 
of a late "infant" baptism) and again at age 24. I remember both occasions. And I 
remember individuals in both congregations who made a contribution to my faith 

These Holy Week baptisms also led me to remember a particular Easter several 
decades ago — sometime between that first baptism at age 4 and church membership 
around age 12 — when 1 experienced something of an epiphany. I was sitting in the 
choir loft of my childhood congregation, a Presbyterian church of some 3,000 mem- 
bers, where Easter services are majestic and awe-inspiring. As the sunlight shot 
through the stained-glass windows, I was filled with a profound sense of the pres- 
ence of God. The moment was not overly dramatic, but it was memorable. Through 
it came a transition from second-hand belief to an owned faith, a shift from head to 

There have been many transitions since, which is as it should be, and 1 hope that 
each development brings more maturity to my faith. 1 also hope that somewhere 
along the road I can be one of those who unknowingly makes a contribution to the 
growing faith of someone else. 

I guess that's one of the reasons I keep going to Sunday school, alternating 
between participating as a class member and providing leadership as a teacher. 
Sunday school by itself isn't going to save anybody, but it can provide some of the 
good soil in which the Word of God can grow. "What matters isn't those who 
planted or watered, but God who made the plants grow" (1 Cor. 3:7 CEV). 


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2 Messenger April 1999 

fli a ^ij Ui Mi i tfgiwitf 


Swaziland ambassador 
presents peace lecture 

Moses Dlamini, Swazi- 
land's ambassador to the 
United Nations, will 
deliver the Washington 
(D.C.) City Church of the 
Brethren's annual peace 
lectureship on April 25. 
Dlamini will present "The 
Role of a Christian in the 

Society in Times of 
Besiege," during morning 
worship. A question and 
answer session, along with 
a drama presented by the 
church's youth and the 
Swazi Dance-Sibhaca, is 
scheduled from 1:30 to 3 
p.m. Contact Ruth Hoover 
at or 
at 202-547-5924. 

They say where there's a \\\\ 
there's another Wil 

Wilbur and Wilford Hodges, members of the Monte 
Vista Church of the Brethren, Callaway, Va., cele- 
brated their 86th birthday lanuary 8 as they have every 
year — together. Wilbur's nickname is "Little Man" and 
Wilford is called "Big Man." They married sisters, Grace 
and Evelyn Wray, and have lived near each other since 
their wives both died. They spend most of their time 
together, taking walks, eating out, going to church, and 
visiting family. According to Karen Hodges Ziegler, 
Wilbur's granddaughter, "One is rarely seen without the 
other. The two of them are quite a pair!" 

Wilford Hodges, left, and Wilbur Hodges 

Pike Run to dedicate 
church built after fire 

The dedication weekend 
for Pike Run Church of the 
Brethren, near Somerset, 
Pa., has been set for April 
24-25. Pike Run's former 
church was destroyed in 
early 1998 due to arson. 
This new facility, which 
the congregation began 
using just prior to Thanks- 
giving, includes several 
classrooms and a social 
hall. Contact Lori Conn at 
lori(5 or at 724- 

Camp Harmony marks 
75th year June 9-13 

Camp Harmony of 
Hooversville, Pa., will cele- 
brate its 75th anniversary 
|une 9- 1 3. |une 9 will be 
used as a work day and on 
|une 10 the men's and 
women's fellowships of 
Western Pa. District will be 
honored. An old-fashioned 
dinner in the lodge, the 
camp's last original building, 
will be held that evening. 
Youth will be honored |une 
1 1. Singing, worship, 
dining, and the construction 
of an outdoor chapel are 
scheduled for |une 12, as is 
an old fashioned revival ser- 
vice. |une 1 3 will include 
worship, lunch, and a sweet- 
hearts reunion for couples 
who met and later wed at 
the camp. Greetings from 
people who have related to 
the camp but cannot attend 
the celebration are encour- 
aged. Contact Doloris 
Griffith at dolorisagriffith 
(o or at 

April 1999 Messenger 3 


Pastor's Bible Study Award winners at Spring Run Church of the Brethren. 

Monthly quiz makes Bible study more fun 

The Pastor's Bible Study Award for (anuary went to 36 persons at Spring Run 
Church of the Brethren, McVeytown, Pa. To quahfy, they found at least 21 names, 
titles, or identifying descriptions of Jesus in the Gospel of |ohn. Each month Pastor 
Jerry Miller challenges the congregation with a new Bible quiz. To request a copy of this 
month's challenge contact Miller at 717-899-7164 or jerrym550(a' 

Virginia church leader 
chairs school board 

Barbara Smelser chairs the 
board of Leake's Chapel 
Church of the Brethren, 
near Stanley, Va. She is a 
deacon, teaches Vacation 
Bible School, and sings in 
the church choir. And now 
she has another position of 
leadership — as chairperson 
of the Page County (Va.) 
School Board. 

A nine-year member of 
the school board, as chair 
she faces a county divided 
over whether to build one 

Barluirii Sniclser 

large high school or two 
smaller ones. She told the 
local newspaper, "We need 
to learn to work together as 
all of Page County, and not 
just two separate parts of 
the county." 


Kenneth I. Morse, journal- 
ist, poet, hymnwriter, and 
for 35 years editor with the 
Church of the Brethren 
General Board, died on 
March 23. He was 85. 

Beginning work with the 
denomination in 1943, 
Morse served seven years 
as youth editor, 21 years as 
Messenger editor, seven 
years as Brethren Press 
book editor, and eight years 
as a part-time volunteer, 
for a total of 43 years. 

In 1988 he and his wife, 
Marjorie, moved from 
Elgin, 111., to Timbercrest 
Home, North Manchester, 

Among his cherished 
hymns are "Move in Our 
Midst," "For We Are 
Strangers No More," 
"Brothers and Sisters of 
Mine," and the translation 
of "Praise, J Will Praise 
You, Lord." An article 
about Morse will appear in 
next month's Messenger. 

•Geneva Kinzie, 90, died 
March 4 in La Verne, Calif. / 
memorial service was held 
March 1 2 at Ellisforde 
Church of the Brethren, 
Tonasket, Wash., where she 
was a longtime member. Her 
church involvements includec 
being moderator of her 
church and her district. She 
was the first woman licensed 
to the ministry in the Church 
of the Brethren in Ohio. 

•H. Austin Cooper, 87, ; 
longtime Church of the 
Brethren pastor and histo- 
rian, died Jan. 22 in 
Frederick, Va. During his 
ministry he pastored 10 
churches and authored 
three books of Brethren his 

4 Messenger April 1999 

)ry. For many years he 
laired the Brethren his- 
')rical committee. 
< 'Howard H. Keim, of 
letamora, III., a Church 
f the Brethren pastor for 
lore than 72 years, died 
|m. 18. He was 93. He 
as pastor of the Peoria 
[11.) Church of the 
rethren from 1959-1970, 
nd was co-founder of the 
eoria Planned Parent- 
ood Association. He 
articipated in the 1963 
larch on Washington with 
)r. Martin Luther King, 

|r., and died on Martin 
Luther King Day. 

Mack VonEhr, 77, died 
March 1 3. A graduate of 
McPherson College, he 
was a key figure in the 
development of Boulder 
Hill, the largest unincor- 
porated community in 
Illinois. He helped design 
and build Boulder Hill 
Neighborhood Church of 
the Brethren, Mont- 
gomery, 111., where he and 
his wife, Nell, have been 
active since the congrega- 
tion began. 

asant View Church of the Brethren. Fayetteville. W.Va. 

ctober homecoming 
lanned for centennial 

ayetteville, W.Va., is observing its centennial in 1999. The 
original meetinghouse was built just before the turn of the 
itury as a second preaching point for the Chestnut Grove 
rman Baptist Church, located near Oak Hill, W.Va. The 
ucture burned in 1952, and the current brick meetinghouse 
s built in 1953. Pleasant View invites all former pastors, 
mbers, and friends for a homecoming weekend Oct. 1 -3. 
lest speaker will be former pastor Walter Shank. For more 
ormation see www. /pvcob.htm or call 
4-574-2055.— Sam Riner 

Iowa botanist Ray Reeves researches prairie grasses. 

Botanist promotes prairie 

Botanist Ray Reeves might have felt more at home 1 50 
years ago, when prairies covered 85 percent of the 
Iowa landscape. But according to the Ottumwa Courier. 
now Reeves puts his heart into appreciating the small 
amount of prairie that remains. A member of English River 
Church of the Brethren. South English, Iowa, Reeves has 
recreated a small piece of prairie near his home in Harper, 
Iowa, and he cultivates native Iowa wildflowers and 
grasses to sell through his Reeves Wildflower Nursery. 
"The prairie is a living museum," he says. 

"In Touch " profiles Breihren we would like you to meet. Send story 
ideas and photos to "In Touch." Messenger. 1451 Dundee .A)'e., 
Elgin. IL 60120. 

April 1999 MESSENGER 5 

Judy Mills Reimer, 

executive director of 
the General Board 
staff, brought 
balloons to make the 
point there is much 
to celebrate. 

Board places spirituality and 
debt relief on its Y2K agenda 

A comprehensive paper on minister- 
ial leadership, a spiritual emphasis 
for the year 2000, support of the 
[ubilee 2000 campaign, and forma- 
tion of a new church development 
advisory committee were key busi- 
ness items the Church of the 
Brethren General Board grappled 
with March 6-9, during meetings at 
the Church of the Brethren General 
Offices in Elgin, 111. 

The meetings were celebrative, 
reflective, worshipful, and deliberate 
in tone as the nearly 100 Board 
members and staff, district execu- 
tives, and other guests celebrated 
some of the Board's successes, 
reflected on its ministries and new 
design, worshiped together at least 
once daily, and worked its way 
methodically through about 30 busi- 
ness items and reports. 

Ministerial leadership paper 

The General Board is forwarding a 
new ministerial leadership paper on 
to Annual Conference, the denomi- 
nation's highest elected authority. 
This document is a comprehensive 
update that would replace the 1986 
Annual Conference ministerial lead- 
ership paper. It would also supersed 
sections on licensing and ordination 
in related papers from 1975, 1976, 
1977, and 1985. 

The movement that led to the draft- 
ing of this new paper began in 1 990 
when Annual Conference appointed a 
study committee to look at ministerial 
leadership. Six years later the commit 
tee issued its report, listing 19 
concerns, such as questions about 
defining ordination in new ways, 
developing consistent standards of 
ministry across all districts, assisting 
district ministry commissions, and 
making the distinction between those 
who are baptized and those called intc 

6 Messenger April 1999 

linisterial leadership. 

By March 1998, Allen Hansell, the 

eneral Board's director of ministry, 
ad assembled Brethren ministerial 

adership experts who began 
ddressing the concerns by drafting 
n entirely new document, which 
icludes new areas on scripture, call- 
ig, records and reports, and 
iteraction between districts. 

Having been reviewed at least 
vice by the Council of District 
xecutives and the General Board 
nd at least once by many other indi- 
iduals and organizations, including 
lose who have read it off the Min- 
itry office's Web page, this paper 
as been revised nearly 20 times. 

Once revisions are finished, the 
raft approved by the Board will be 
jjosted at 

piritual disciplines in 2000 

\ Year of Living Faithfully," a 
ramework of year 2000 initiatives 
hat Brethren will use to celebrate the 
loOOth birthday of Christ by 
esponding "in faith, hope, and 
Dve," was approved by the General 
ioard. A task team of Board mem- 
ers and staff, plus representatives 
rom the Council of District Execu- 
ives and Bethany Theological 
ieminary, will meet over the next 
ew months to draw up specific 

Though details will be released at 
jVnnual Conference, some possibilities 
nclude disciplined Scripture study, 
irayer connections, congregations 
vitnessing to Jesus Christ's good news 
vithin their communities. Brethren 
)eing challenged to reach beyond 
hemselves in mission and ministry, a 
heological conference, and the con- 
truction of time capsules, which 
vould remain closed for the timespan 
)f lesus' earthly ministry. 

"I think it is an appropriate time 
or people to think about who we are, 
vhat we are, and where we're going 

General Board staff members fiidy Keyser, Dennis Kingery. and Dan McFadden 
participate in the spirit of worship that pervaded March General Board meetings. 

as people of faith," said David Rad- 
cliff, director of the Board's Brethren 
Witness office. "The Board needs to 
provide something, and I think 
Brethren will be receptive." 

The project's task team includes 
Radcliff and a General Board staff 
member still to be named; Board 
members Don Booz, Ruth Davidson 
Clark, and Marie Willoughby; |oe 
Detrick, executive of Southern 
Pennsylvania District, and a still-to- 
be-named representative from 
Bethany Theological Seminary. 

Debt forgiveness campaign 

The Board joined other church agen- 
cies in endorsing the jubilee 2000 
campaign that seeks the forgiveness 
of debt that reportedly is strapping 
"Heavily Indebted Poor Countries," 
countries that in most cases have 
been affected by natural disasters 
and civil strife. 

In Ethiopia, debt payments are 
four times greater than public spend- 
ing on health; Nicaragua's debt 

repayment exceeds the nation's 
spending on social programs; Hon- 
duras' debt service costs more than 
$1 million each day. 

"As we enter the new millennium 
and prepare to celebrate the 2000th 
birthday of Christ, it is appropriate 
that this be a time for a fresh start 
for those nations — and millions of 
people therein — who suffer under 
crushing international debt," reads 
the resolution the Board approved. 

This document, which is endorsing 
the theory, not specific legislation, 
calls on Brethren members and con- 
gregations to join the debt 
cancellation campaign. Furthermore, 
the resolution urges "the United 
States government to cancel debt 
owed it by Heavily Indebted Poor 
Countries, particularly the countries 
of Nicaragua and Honduras, and to 
use its leadership to encourage the 
International Monetary Fund and the 
World Bank to implement similar 
debt cancellation." 

The General Board's Washington 

April 1999 Mi:ssi-;nc;i-:k 7 

Office spearheaded this resolution. 
For more information, write or call 202-546- 

New church development 
Though not much attention has been 
given in the area of new church devel- 
opment since the General Board's 
redesign in )uly 1997, that soon will 
change as the Board voted to create a 
new New Church Development Advi- 
sory Council. This council is expected 
to address new church development 
issues and concerns. 

Six people from the General 
Board's five Congregational Life 
Team areas are being asked to serve 
on this committee. In addition, the 
Board is also inviting an American 
Baptist new church development 
expert to join the committee. Since 
1972 the Church of the Brethren and 
American Baptists have maintained 
an association, sending a representa- 
tive to each other's General Board 
meetings and assisting each other in 
other ways when needed. 

Site committee 

The General Board thanked and then 
dismissed its site committee, which 
was created to look at the feasibility 
and possibility of creating a single, 
central denominational center for 
Brethren agencies. In its report, the 
committee, which consisted of repre- 
sentatives from the General Board, 
Association of Brethren Caregivers, 
Brethren Benefit Trust, On Earth 
Peace Assembly, and SERRV Inter- 
national, stated that the Board first 
needs to examine the long-term 
future of its New Windsor, Md., 
operation, including the New Wind- 
sor Conference Center and the 
Board's Material Resources ministry. 
Only then can the Board make its 
best long-term site decision, the 
committee said. 

The committee's members, many 
who represent their agencies on 
Annual Conference's Interagency 
Forum, believe that the lAF is the best 

table for this discussion to continue. 
They added that Annual Conference 
Standing Committee is the appropri- 
ate body to approach if action on a 
single, central denominational center 
were to be officially proposed. 

Financial condition 

Despite congregational giving declin- 
ing by about $55,000 in 1 998, the 
Board learned that its general fund 
books were closed with income over 
expense of $622, 1 1 0. Factors that cre- 
ated this condition included $200,000 
in underspending by the Board's min- 
istries, plus income that exceeded 
projections in the categories of direct 
gifts, bequests, and investment and 
other income. The anticipated surplus 
was built into the Board's budget to 
help replenish its reserves used during 
its redesign, and to help maintain a 
five-year period void of additional 
budget reductions while being able to 
absorb rising expenses. 

One new financial figure just 
released was the amount of money 
and goods the General Board gave to 
SERRV International as it became an 
independent nonprofit organization 
on Feb. 1 . In addition to the 
$ 1 ,325,000 balance sheet total the 
Board "gifted" SERRV, this figure 
does not include about $ 1 3,000 in 
legal and professional fees; the cost 
of SERRV's 1 998 audit, which the 
Board will pay; depreciated equip- 
ment and furnishings estimated at 
$50,000; and volunteer Board 
member and staff time to make the 
transition happen. 

Board members were in a celebra- 
tive mood over the successful 
transition of SERRV, a ministry that 
was born with the Board and subse- 
quently nurtured for nearly five 
decades. The opening session of busi- 
ness, on Saturday afternoon, was 
upbeat as the SERRV spinoff and two 
other special occasions were honored 
— the 1 998 fiscal year and an 
anniversary of note for the Church of 
the Brethren General Offices. 

In other business: 

• The Board approved four recom- 
mendations for how it will evaluate 
its new design, which include evalua- 
tions with and by staff and the group 
of 100 pastors and 100 lay leaders 
that were contacted during the 
redesign process. An evaluation 
insight session is also scheduled 
during Annual Conference. 

•Bethany Theological Seminary 
reported on a new initiative, the 
"Institute for Ministry with Youth 
and Young Adults," which is being 
established with the blessing of the 
General Board's Youth and Young 
Adult Ministry office. 

•The Board heard a report that the 
management of its investment funds 
has been transferred to the Brethren 
Foundation from the Mennonite 

• The Board heard that its Missior 
and Ministries Planning Council is 
assessing whether to recommend 
that the General Board become a 
partner in Shalom Ministries in 
Tijuana, Mexico. 

Church aids disaster victims 
in Africa, Central America 

A $60,000 grant has been allocated 
from the General Board's Global 
Food Crisis Fund for food relief in 
Nicaragua in the aftermath of Hurri- 
cane Mitch. The funds will be used 
to support food relief efforts of 
Mision Cristiana, the Church of the 
Brethren's partner organization in 

The Global Food Crisis Fund 
receives the majority of its funding 
from individual donations and the 
"My 2 Cents Worth" campaign, a 
national Brethren initiative that asks 
members to donate two cents for 
each meal they eat. In 1998 GFCF 
received $456,169 in contributions. 

Seven grants from Emergency Dis 
aster Fund totaling $103,360 were 
allocated in March: 

• $20,000 in response to torna- 

8 Mkssenger April 1999 

loes that swept through Arkansas 
md Tennessee in [anuary; $5,000 is 
or Church World Service's response 
nd $15,000 is to fund an ER/SM 
)roject in the Jackson, Tenn., area, 
vhere 2,500 homes were damaged or 

• $10,000 for Grassroots Interna- 
ional's ongoing relief efforts in the 
Chiapas, Mexico, region. Conditions 
;ontinue to deteriorate, while vio- 
ence and displacement are on the 

] • $10,000 for CWS's response to 
'ighting in Freetown, South Africa, 
"unds are needed for food, plastic 
iheeting, blankets, and clothing for 
lisplaced people. 

• S2,360 for support of two grass- 
oots interfaith agencies that have 
leen established following the Octo- 
)er 1 998 flooding of the Guadalupe 

• SI 5,000 for Church World Ser- 
ice's response to ongoing needs in 
l\\ anda as a result of five years of 
itrife. Funds are to help facilitate the 
construction of I 50 homes and sup- 
jort agricultural and community 

• $ 1 6,000 in support of requests 
rem Yvonne Dilling, Hurricane 
Mitch response coordinator in Cen- 
ral America for the Board's Global 
Mission Partnerships office. Mision 
I^ristiana, the General Board's part- 
ler in Nicaragua, will receive 
$10,000 to support a food basket 
Droject for 480 families, in addition 
;o its other food relief efforts funded 
3y the Global Food Crisis Fund. The 
Honduran Mennonite Church will 

eceive $6,000 for rebuilding houses 
'or 12 mother-only families; the 
thurch of the Brethren will sponsor 
our of the houses. 

• $30,000 to support Church 
^orld Service's Hurricane Mitch 

elief and recovery efforts. Funds will 
support material aid shipments, vol- 
jnteer work, medical teams, and the 
-econstruction of water systems, 
."ood programs, and agriculture. 

Detrick and Dueck take on 
new positions in church 

Mary Cline Detrick has been called 
as associate executive of Mid- 
Atlantic District, effective March 1 . 
She is ordained in the Church of the 
Brethren and served on the General 
Board staff from 1974 to 1983. For 
the past 14 years she worked for 
Church Women United. 

Stanley Dueck has accepted the 
call to the position o( Congregational 
Life Team Member in Area 1 . He will 
begin this new role on |une 14. He 
has been the associate pastor at the 
Coventry Church of the Brethren 
since 1995 and will continue in that 
role. Stan and his wife, |ulie 
Gordon-Dueck. live in Denver. Pa. 

BVS unit completes training, 
workers head to assignments 

Seventeen Brethren Volunteer Ser- 
vice workers completed their 
three-week orientation Feb. 5 as 
members of Orientation Unit 232. 

This group, which trained near 
Orlando at Camp Ithiel, included 
nine Brethren, four Germans, and 
five older adults. 

The trainees participated in ses- 
sions dealing with farm worker 
issues, conflict resolution, AIDS 
awareness, racism, the death penalty, 
and nonviolent action. They spent 
two days picking fruit with farm 
workers, worked on a Habitat for 
Humanity project in Sebring, and 
made visits to Sebring Church of the 
Brethren, the Palms Estates of High- 
land County, and Eglise des Freres 
Haitiens, the Miami Haitian Church 
of the Brethren. 

One of the older volunteers, Vercey 
Smith, a longtime Church of the 
Brethren member, begins her second 
tour in BVS. She also was in Unit 
22. She and her husband, Allan, a 
Presbyterian minister, are headed for 
the World Friendship Center in 
Hiroshima, |apan. 

Three of the new BVSers are 
headed to Germany, Northern Ire- 
land, and Poland. 

Participants in BVS Unit 232 were — Bottom row: lennifer Ahrine. Jennifer 
Graber. Tracy Stoddart. and Matt Stanffer (staff). Middle row: Sue Gnibb 
(staff). Sherri Ambrose, Vercey Smyth, Ingrid Miosga. Paul Chapman. Michelle 
Horner, and Lori List. Top row: Martin Lohnecke, Allan Smyth. Kate Elms. 
Aaron Richardson. Merlinde Seyberth. Michael Uhrig, Eric Thompson, and 
Sarah Koeman. 

April 1999 Messengkr 9 

The church 


servant leaders 

Lowell Flory studies leadership, teaches it, embodies it. As moderator, 
he wants Annual Conference to explore the theme from all directions. 

On the road again: Lowell Flory. and his passenger. Mat- 
Moose, have crisscrossed the country. 


BY Fletcher Farrar 

As a college professor, he teaches future leaders. As a 
churchman, he has been an effective leader through 
his work on numerous boards and committees. And now, as 
moderator of the Church of the Brethren, he hopes to 
involve Annual Conference in a stimulating discussion of 
leadership under the theme "Let the servant church arise!" 

Lowell Flory lives and breathes leadership these days. 
The leadership he preaches in his many encounters with 
Brethren around the country is known as "servant leader- 
ship," taken from the example of |esus who lowered 
himself to live and serve among people. |esus led by 
washing feet. 

"If the servanthood principle is understood well 
enough," Flory says, "then community will emerge from 
it." And once true community emerges, the church will 
move forward. 

This theme will take shape in Milwaukee, Wis., at the 
2 1 3th Annual Conference of the Church of the Brethren 
June 29-)uly 4. Flory has been preparing for the confer- 
ence all year in meetings with the Program and 
Arrangements Committee and with Annual Conference 
officers. Conference worship services are planned around 
related themes, including the spiritual leadership of 
Christ, servanthood, community and reconciliation, and 

In the time since he became moderator in Orlando, 
Flory has traveled a phenomenal 60,000 miles as a roving 
ambassador for the church, visiting members of the 
denomination, inviting them to Conference, and listening 

IOMkssknger April 1999 


reaching business law at McPherson College. 

o their concerns. His travels have taken him to district 
events in 16 districts — including 12 district conferences 
and 1 1 district delegate briefings. He has spokento 
lumerous congregations, appeared before pastors groups. 
and attended the National Older Adult Conference and 
National Youth Conference. He also has attended General 
Board and Interagency Forum meetings, and an ecumeni- 
;al group called Council of Moderators and Secretaries. 
In February he visited the Dominican Republic, site of 
new denominational mission work. 

What has he learned from all his travels? What is the 
state of the church? "There is a very good spirit, a very 
gentle spirit, and a uniform commitment to being 
Brethren," he told the General Board during its March 
meeting. "But the definition of being Brethren is diver- 
gent. There is a commitment to the church there, but it's 
like the blind people feeling the elephant. They don't 
come out with the same church that they're committed to. 
For the most part, I haven't seen any of those contradic- 
tions flare this year. But I think any of several issues on 
the floor of Conference would bring them back." 

The moderator explained in an interview his plan to head 
ff such a flareup. "My hope is that if this turns out to be a 
light year for business, we can use it as a year to build on 
some of the common threads, a year to talk about what we 
share in common," he says. "Then whenever those times 
pome that we have to grapple with some tough issues, we 
have used years like this to build up some resiliency and 
jsome respect and trust for each other." 

Flory's preparation for this Annual Conference has 
iCome not only during the past year but over a lifetime in 


the church and a career of the kind of leadership he 
extols. He was born in 1 943 to Church of the Brethren 
parents and grew up in McPherson, Kan., where his 
father, Raymond Flory. was history professor at McPher- 
son College. 

After Lowell graduated from McPherson in 1965, he 
worked as a training coordinator at the University of 
Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City, where he had 
gone for "1-W" alternative service as a conscientious 
objector and ended up staying eight years. He did gradu- 
ate work in history and received a master's degree in 
organizational communication from the University of 
Kansas in 1978. Then he went to University of Kansas 
law school in Lawrence, receiving his law degree in 1980. 

He practiced law full time with his brother briefly, but 
in 1 983 he was appointed to the faculty of McPherson, 
realizing the dream he had had since his undergraduate 
days of becoming a college professor. He is currently pro- 
fessor of business and economics and chair of the 
business and economics department. 

He has been married for 32 years to Barbara Bollinger 
Flory, who grew up in the Olympic View church in Seat- 
tle. She has been a schoolteacher in McPherson, and this 
year became transition coordinator for the Head Start 
program in a two-county area around McPherson. 

The Florys have four children. Their daughter Kristen 
Reynolds, 30, is an occupational therapist in McPherson. 
She and her husband, Brian Reynolds, have a two-year- 
old son, Daniel. |oel Flory, 27, works in computer 
animation in San Francisco, Calif. Kendra Flory, 21, is a 
junior at Bridgewater (Va.) College, studying communi- 

April 1999 Messenger 11 

The Flory family, Christinas 1998: Front row, from left, are Joel Flory. Daniel 
and Kristen Reynolds, Kendra Flory, and Brian Reynolds. Back row. from left, 
are Barbara. Janelle. and Lowell Flory. Inset: fanelle and Kendra Flory gave a 
memorable performance on handbells at the 1998 Annual Conference. 

cation and music. Janelle Flory, 19, is a freshman at 
McPherson College. Lowell Flory's parents, Raymond 
and Rowena Flory, also live in McPherson, where they 
continue to be active in church and community affairs. 

Lowell Flory has prepared for leadership by studying 
history, communication, and law, and he teaches the 
subject often in his classes on business and economics. 
But his best education on leadership has come through 
service on boards, primarily in the Church of the 
Brethren. He has held local church offices in two different 
congregations in Kansas, and has served two or three 
terms on the Western Plains District board. He was a 
member of the General Board from 1981 to 1986, and 
during most of that time was chair of the Pension Board. 

At the end of his General Board term, Flory was nomi- 
nated for the board of Bethany Theological Seminary. At 
the time he didn't care whether he was elected or not, but 
to his surprise he was elected. The Bethany service 
"turned out to be one of the more growing experiences of 
my life," he says now. His two terms from 1986 to 1996 
found the board "needing to navigate our way through 
some difficult internal cultural questions, as well as the 
issue of moving." Flory chaired the Bethany board 
through the last four years of his term, seeing the semi- 
nary through a successful move from Oak Brook, 111., to 
Richmond, Ind. 

Add to this Flory's service on the board of Brethren 
Benefit Trust from 1988 to 1995, serving as chair during 
much of that time, and 1 7 years on the board of Prairie 

View, inc., a Mennonite mental health center in Kansas. 
Since 1980 Flory has served a total of 37 term-years, 
some simultaneously, on volunteer boards. 

The servant leadership theme headlines a Conference 
that will be asked to approve a major paper on min- 
istry, a topic that highlights the need for more pastors, 
with hundreds due to retire in the next 10 years. "We 
need to re-energize calling people to ministry," Flory 

But church leadership is not just about pastors. "Lay 
leadership creates momentum in congregations. We have 
to spread this leadership around." 

By spreading leadership around, he means to every- 
body. Flory wants to discard the notion that leaders are 
only the officeholders. No, in his view, a leader is anyone 
who helps to move the church along. "Leadership is a 
process of somehow getting a group to move toward an 
agreed goal," he says. "We all need to think of ourselves 
as helping with that process. 

"This is the opposite of command and control. We 
become servants to each other. That is the essence of the 
way community functions." 

Community is one of those shared values that Flory 
thinks all Brethren can agree on. Pursuing truth and 
resolving differences through community is what Annual 
Conference is all about. 

"Brethren will agree on those kinds of things more readily 
than they will agree on biblical interpretation and christology. 
To say that we all believe in the lordship of Christ, that's easy. 

12 Messenger April 1999 

rd like for us to see how we put it into practice. How do we 
wall< tiie talk? How do we live out being Brethren?" 

As does any church leader these days, he worries about 
how various factions treat each other and whether they 
will get along. "Diversity has two sides," he reflects. 
j"Diversity is enriching to a community. The other side of 
'the coin is that in our diversity we must also seek our 
common threads. If we can't keep those shared beliefs, 
practices, and commitments, we're going to come 
unglued." Flory worries that unless there is mutual 
respect, new and "diverse" groups coming into the wider 
church may end up disregarding oldtimers the same way 
the newcomers had been mistreated before. 

■'The trouble is that there is an insufficient appreciation 
for stakeholders," he says. "I want to work toward a more 
intentional form of community that can lead us into rec- 

This business professor hopes even to make the busi- 
ness sessions less dreary and more enjoyable. "We can 
think of business as a form of linking together and link- 
ing to God," he says. "We seek out God's truth in 
community. Why can't we regard doing business as part 
of our worship?" 

A good way to start building community is to get as many 
Brethren as possible to show up at Annual Conference in 
Milwaukee. Flory is planning a Conference full of celebra- 
tion, storytelling, "worshipful" business, and worship. 

And he will have these questions waiting for the dele- 
gates: "How can we respect each other in our diversity? 
How does each party maintain a sense of integrity? How 
do we find that common ground?" 

In business sessions, "we seek God's truth in coniuuuiity. " 
Below .4/ Lake junaluska. N.C.. Flory points to the future 
with Mac the Moose, the mascot who is expected to make 
ait appearance at Annual Conference. 

April 1999 Mhssknukk 13 

Annual Conference 

Business and ballots 

There are three new and four unfinished business items 
to be considered during Annual Conference business 
sessions in Milwaukee. 

New business will include a query on litigation, which 
comes from Western Plains District; a ministerial leader- 
ship statement from the General Board; and a proposal 
from Annual Conference Standing Committee that Stand- 
ing Committee terms be lengthened. 

Unfinished business items will include a statement on 
unfunded mandates. This paper was approved in theory 
by Annual Conference delegates in 1998, but was 
returned to Standing Committee for modification to 
include all of the official Annual Conference agencies, not 
just the General Board. Progress reports on the three 
other unfinished business items will be given — Caring 
for the Poor, Congregational Structure, and Review of the 
Process for Calling Denominational Leadership. 

The 1999 Annual Conference Standing Committee 
ballot includes candidates for 13 positions. Standing 
Committee delegates will convene prior to Annual Con- 
ference and will reduce the number of nominees by half. 
The remaining nominees will be forwarded on to the 
Annual Conference delegates. The candidates are listed 

Moderator-elect (two-year term): Phill Carlos Arch- 
bold, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Roger Forry, Somerset, Pa.; Steven 
Petcher, Citronelle, Ala. 

Annual Conference Program & Arrangements Com- 
mittee (three-year term): Maria Bieber Abe, Akron, Ohio; 
Debbie Eisenbise, Kalamazoo, Mich.; David Steele, Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa.; Myrna Long Wheeler, San Dimas, Calif. 

General Board, at-iarge (five-year term): Charles 
Eldredge, Lewistown, Pa.; Rhonda jane Rich, Englewood, 
Ohio; Ricky Thomas, Mount Airy, N.C.; Roy Unruh, 
Cedar Falls, Iowa. 

General Board, Northern Indiana (five-year term): |ill 
Bosler Best, Syracuse, Ind.; Donald Jordan, Fort Wayne, 
Ind.; Craig Alan Myers, Columbia City, Ind.; David 
Wysong, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

General Board, Michigan (five-year term): Donald 
Flint, Sterling Heights, Mich.; Mary Gault, Battle Creek, 
Mich.; Daniel McRoberts, Caledonia, Mich.; Lori Waas 
Smith, Pinckney, Mich. 

General Board, West Marva (five-year term): |. Melvin 

Like, Moorefield, WVa.; Hugh Friend, Friendsville, Md.; 
Sue Overman, Morgantown, W.Va.; Winoma Marguerite 
Spurgeon, Vienna, W.Va. 

On Earth Peace Assembly (five-year term): fudy Dot- 
terer, Woodsboro, Md.; Tom Leard Longenecker, 
Pasadena, Calif.; Laurie Miller, Harrisonburg, Va.; 
Ronald Stoner, Hanover, Pa. 

Association of Brethren Caregivers (three-year term); 
Phil Flory (incumbent), Bridgewater, Va.; Margaret Yoder 
Fultz (incumbent), Lemoyne, Pa.; Heidi Loomis (incum- 
bent), Boalsburg, Pa.; Mary |ane Myer, Cochranville, Pa.; 
Lona Beabes Norris, Huntingdon, Pa.; lanet Sell, Wood- 
bury, Pa.; Donna Stanford, Waterford, Calif.; Paul 
Ullom-Minnich (incumbent), Moundridge, Kan. 

Brethren Benefit Trust (four-year term): Donald 
Anderson, Middlebury, Ind.; Karen Orpurt Crim, Dayton. 
Ohio; Raymond Donadio jr. (incumbent), Greenville, 
Ohio; Harry Rhodes, Roanoke, Va. 

Bethany Theological Seminary elector, representing 
the colleges (five-year term): Sally |ane Conner, Bridge- 
water, Va.; loan Engle, Alexandria, Pa.; Gene Fahs 
(incumbent), North Manchester, Ind.; Susan Taylor, 
McPherson, Kan. 

Pastoral Compensation and Benefits Advisory Com- 
mittee, district executives (five-year term): Ronald 
Beachly (incumbent), Davidsville, Pa.; Carol Bowers, 
Seattle, Wash.; Joe Detrick, Seven Valleys, Pa.; Craig 
Smith, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Committee on Interchurch Relations (three-year 
term): Mary Abraham, Lenexa, Kan.; Douglas 
Archer, New Paris, Ind.; Barbara Cuffie, Baltimore, 
Md.; Belita Mitchell, Rancho Palos Verdes, CaliL 

National Council of Churches 
(four-year term): Gene Bucher, 
East Petersburg, Pa.; E.D. Hen- 
dricks, Eudora, Kan.; Ruthann 
lohansen. Granger, Ind.; David 
Miller, Richmond, Va.; Ronald 
Petry, North Manchester, Ind.; 
Valentina Satvedi, Vista, Calif. 

The logo for the 1999 
Annual Conference was cre- 
ated by |an Gilbert Hurst of 
Westminster, Md. 





14 Messenger April 1999 

Annual Conference 

Speakers and 
special events 

Annual Conference is always a feast of information, 
inspiration, and entertainment, starting with pre-con- 
ference meetings. This year's pre-conference schedule 
includes two workshops on Tuesday, )une 29 — a "Ser- 
vant Church" workshop by On Earth Peace Assembly, and 
a Matthew 18 workshop, by Ministry of Reconciliation. 
Three groups are combining to present a Clergy Financial 
Planning Seminar on Monday and Tuesday. 

New to the Conference program this year are four early 
morning spiritual formation and development events, 
planned by Congregational Life Teams. They will be 
Wednesday through Saturday mornings from 7 to 8:30. 
Wednesday Paul Grout will lead a session on "Stations of 
the Resurrection," Thursday Becky Rhoades and Karen 
Carter will lead a session on Taize worship, Friday David 
Smalley will lead a session on "labyrinth," and Saturday 
Glenn Mitchell will lead a session on spiritual direction. 

Special speakers this year include William Easum, 
director of 21st Century Strategies and a consultant to 
congregations and religious organization. He will speak 
to the Thursday evening Congregational Life Ministries 
dinner on "The Context for Ministry in the 21st Cen- 
tury." Sonja M. Stewart, co-author of the book Young 
Children and Worship, speaks on "A Child's Spiritual 
)ourney" at the Christian education luncheon July 1, and 
leads an insight session Thursday evening. 

"Spinning the Web" is a presentation about the Church of 
the Brethren on the Internet, led by Nevin Dulabaum, admin- 
istrator of the official denominational Web site, and Michael 
Addison, director of information services for Brethren Benefit 
Trust. The sessions are scheduled for Wednesday, June 30, 
and Thursday, |uly 1, both at 12:30 p.m. 

New this year will be a break in a business session to 
explain and promote Conference 2000, to be held in 
Kansas City, Mo., on a new schedule. This will include a 
brief video, which will then be available for loan to con- 
gregations. Also new this year, Annual Conference will 
accept Visa and Mastercard cards for registration, meal 
tickets, age group activity fees, and Conference booklets. 

The Saturday evening concert, |uly 3, features Kin- 
dling, a Brethren folk group of four musicians: Steve 
Kinzie, of La Verne, Calif.; Lee Krahenbiihl, of Kalama- 
zoo, Mich.; Peg Lehman, of Elgin, III., and Shawn 
Kirchner, of Chicago, ill. 


The Milwaukee Arena ;.s llie site oj ihc Annual Conference 
worship services and business sessions. Formerly known as 
the Mecca Center, this building served as host of the 1990 
Annual Conference. 

The Hyatt Regency Hotel is the official Annual Conference 
hotel. This will be host of some Conference events. It is 
located about two-thirds of a block away from the 
Milwaukee Arena, and about 2 blocks away from the main 
entrance of the Midwest Express Center 

April 1999 Mksseng[:i< 15 

Jam session at last year's Song & Story 
Brenda jolliff on guitar, Doug Eller on 
folliff on fiddle. 

BY James H. Lehman 

New things in the Church of the 
Brethren often start small, in a 
distant corner of the denomination. 
That's how the annual song and 
story fests began. They are the brain- 
child of Ken Kline Smeltzer, 
co-pastor of the Modesto, Calif., 
church, who was inspired by a con- 
versation he had at the 1996 
Cincinnati Annual Conference with 
some folk musicians who were com- 
plaining that there weren't enough 
outlets for Brethren performers. 

KJine Smeltzer persuaded the board 
of Camp Peaceful Pines, in the Pacific 
Southwest District, to incorporate the 
idea into its |une 1997 family camp. 
Brochures were sent out. An ad was 
placed in Messenger. Kline Smeltzer 
and the Peaceful Pines folks were bor- 
rowing the famous approach from 
Field of Dreams — "plan it and they 
will come." And they did — more than 
140 people, many from the West coast, 
but some from as far east as Michigan, 
some on their way to Annual Confer- 
ence in Long Beach, Calif. 

Highlights of those six days were 
lonathan Hunter's inner-city stories 
and the tales of his magical child- 
hood cohort and guru, Tanaka; the 
uplifting music of Kindling; individ- 
ual concerts by the members of 
Kindling — Steve Kinzie, Shawn 
Kirchner, Lee Krahenbiihl, and Peg 
Lehman; the old-timey music of |ohn 
and |an Long and Bill and Brenda 

Fest. Clockwise from left foreground: 
banjo, Joe Miguel on washboard. Bill 

folliff; stories by Debbie Eisenbise 
and by (im Lehman; daily work- 
shops; morning worships; late night 
concerts in the biting air at 6,200 
feet; kids running free; and 
impromptu storytelling and singing. 

If one is a good beginning and two 
is a fortuitous repetition, three is a 
genuine movement. And so we have 
the third annual fest, called this year 
the Great Lakes Song & Story Fest, 
to be held |uly 4-9 at Camp Mack in 
Indiana right after Annual Confer- 
ence in Milwaukee. People can leave 
Conference on Sunday, luly 4, and 
arrive at Camp Mack by early 

Added to the line-up of storytellers 
and singers from earlier fests will be 
singer and songwriter Joseph Hel- 
frich, storyteller Alan Hoal, the 
traveling peace quartet |OYA, the 
Bicentennial Plus One Players led by 
Frank Ramirez, and cellist David 
Frantz. Barb Sayler will serve as 
song leader for morning gatherings 
and campfires. 

Each day will feature a morning 
worship followed by workshops on 
singing, songwriting, storytelling, 
drama, and dance. Afternoons will be 
free for family time, crafts, and jam 
sessions. Participants will gather in 
the early evening at the campfire for 
singing and for joke telling by the 
kids (a cherished fest tradition). 
After the youngest ones have gone to 
bed, there will be concerts, a play, or 
folk dances. People from surround- 



Relax after Conference at the 
Great Lakes Song & Story Fest 

ing churches who cannot attend for 
the whole week will be invited to 
drive in just for these featured 
evening events. 

In addition, the varied resources of 
Camp Mack, located on Lake 
Waubee, will be available; swimming, 
sailing, canoeing, rowboating, snor- 
keling, hiking, climbing the rope 
course, Frisbee, golf, vollyball, ping 
pong, four-square, horseshoes, bas- 
ketball, and croquet. 

For information about registration, 
call Camp Mack at 219-658-4831. 
For information about the program, 
call Ken Kline Smeltzer at 209-522- 
7865 (home) or 209-523- 1438 

lesus often chose to reveal the 
deepest spiritual realities by talking 
about something else. Instead of 
preaching a sermon he told a story. 
These song and story fests touch 
something deep in people while they 
are doing something else — singing 
and telling stories for pleasure. Often 
participants are stirred more deeply 
than in the direct approach of formal 
worship, preaching, and study. God 
gave us stories and songs to be 
enjoyed, and when people do this 
together at the song and story fests, 
God's creative spirit and love for rrj^ 

humanity rises up and fills them. 

fames H. Lehman, of Elgin, III., is an 
occasional storyteller and gives counsel to 
Ken Kline Smeltzer organizer of the 
Great Lakes Song & Story Fest. 

16 Messenger April 1999 








— 1= — ^^^» 




t e rne t 

Michael Addison explains how the 

Internet travels through a "pipeline" 

to reach C lea rVi ewNe t . The pipeline 

is where content is filtered. 

On the way to 


computer systems, 

Michael Addison 

discovers a hot 

new product for 

concerned parents 

By Fletcher Farrar 

The Internet just became a simpler 
place for Brethren because of the 
new filtered Web access service 
offered by Brethren Benefit Trust. If 
you want the World Wide Web without 
the world wide trash that usually 
comes with it. you'll want to learn 
more about the product called 
ClearViewNet, which screens out 
undesirable content like nudity, 
pornography, violence, hate, gambling 
— and military recruiters — before 
they ever get into your computer. 

But just as interesting as how fil- 
tering works — a company in Seattle 
actually employs three six-hour shifts 
of specialists who locate and block 
1 ,000 new pages of pornography 
every day — is the process by which 
BBT found filtered Internet access as 
a byproduct on its way to offering 
expanded financial services to the 
Church of the Brethren. All this is 
part of BBT's "big picture." And 
Michael Addison is a big-picture 
kind of a guy. 

Michael Addison, 59, was an 
active member of First Church 
of the Brethren, Mansfield, Ohio, 
before his company transfered him to 
northern Illinois in 1996. He lives in 
Oswego, 111., about 40 miles south of 
Elgin, with his wife. Donna, and 
their seven-year-old son, Nicholas. 
The Addisons now attend Boulder 
Hill Neighborhood Church of the 
Brethren, Montgomery. III. 

After his experience in several high- 
powered positions in industry — he 
eventually became vice president of 
finance and information systems for 
General Signal Corporation — his 
company division was sold and he had 
become disillusioned with the corpo- 
rate world. One Sunday at church a 
friend suggested he contact Brethren 
Benefit Trust for a position. He did. 

Though he was uncertain about 
working for an arm of the church, he 
liked this agency with big plans. 
"What intrigued me was all their 
dreaming," he says. He was hired 
there as controller and director of 
information systems in February 

1 998, but after his computer savvy 
became better known he was named 
manager of information systems. 

Addison sees his new position as a 
"call," and he works at computer 
technology in response to his faith. 
This faith connection was articulated 
best by his former pastor in Ohio, 
Clyde Fry, who sent Addison an 
e-mail message after agreeing to 
become the first client of 
ClearViewNet: "One of the hymns 
that we used at the end of many 
church meetings when I was a boy 
was 'Blest Be the Tie that Binds.' 
This product will bind us together in 
a new way, where we can share ideas, 
resources, and dialog with each other 
in seconds over great distances." 

Addison has set about his goal of 
developing a "world-class informa- 
tion system infrastructure" for 
Brethren Benefit Trust. He tells the 
story of his plans by clicking through 
slides on the computer screen in his 
office. One shows a colorful pyramid 
with each layer labeled. "BBT wanted 
to build a pyramid of internal sys- 

April 1999 Mf.ssengkr 17 




f O V y i ^ 3 li- 

tems and tools," he explains. The 
aim was to provide quick financial 
information to clients of the pension 
system, and to church institutions 
that might hire BBT to help manage 
their finances. "The foundation soft- 
ware [at the bottom of the pyramid] 
needs to be done in 1999." 

Click. Another slide. "We will 
focus on speed — getting things done 
as soon as possible. And we will 
focus on developing partner rela- 
tions." Partner relations, he 
explained, means he would hire 
bigger computer companies to con- 
sult with him on how to accomplish 
his technology goals. 

With the support of the BBT 
board, Addison has moved with 
astonishing speed over the past year 
to replace all the old computer 
equipment in the office with new, 
and to make sure everyone is using 
compatible software. "We had to try 
to quit patching everybody's pants." 
Now everybody has new pants. 

Another slide. "We have to have an 
Internet interface." One of BBT's 
goals is to be hired by churches, dis- 
tricts, or other institutions to help 
manage their finances or watch over 
their endowments. To offer such ser- 
vices, the internet would need to be 
the key communication link to pro- 
viding clients direct access to 
financial information and reports. 

As a first step, Addison provided 
Internet access to employes in the 
BBT office. But within a month he 
discovered a case of "inappropriate 
Internet use." Somebody in the BBT 
offices had logged onto something 
naughty. After reporting that inci- 
dent to BBT management, Addison 
worked with a computer company 
named Concentric Networks of San 
lose, Calif., to find a solution: a "vir- 
tual private network." This is an 
Internet service that gets to its users 

/ C" 


only after flowing through a 
"pipeline" from the larger Internet of 
cyberspace. Operators control what 
flows through that pipeline, thus 
allowing the content to be filtered. 
From this filtering capability, 
ClearViewNet was born. 

ClearVicwNct is described in pro- 
motional literature as "the first 
family-friendly internet portal to apply 
a dynamic, continuously updated iilter 
to both Web site access and search 
engine retrievals." The service also 
provides e-mail, it will be sold by a 
new for-profit company called 
eMountain Communications, formed 
specifically for this new venture after 
Annual Conference last year gave BBT 
the go-ahead to do so. 

A Seattle company called N2H2 
will be doing the actual filtering for 
BBT when ClearViewNet goes online 
sometime this spring. Its technology 
was developed for schools and 
libraries, and is used by the Mormon 
church. N2H2 monitors a database 
of more than eight million pages of 
Web content to screen for 30 differ- 
ent categories, including 
pornography, hate, profanity, gam- 
bling, and violence. 

Exceptions or additions to the cat- 
egory list may be made by a filtering 
advisory committee of BBT board 

members — Ann Quay, of La Verne, 
Calif.; Ray Donadio, |r., of 
Greenville, Ohio; Cheryl Ingold, of 
Merced, Calif.; and BBT president 
Wil Nolen. The committee has 
barred nudity, but has allowed 
exceptions for nudity with educa- 
tional or medical content. And, for a 
Brethren twist, the committee has 
added military recruiters to the list of 
blocked sites. 

From a group of categories listed 
under "distractions," the committee 
has decided to allow most to go 
through, including games, news, 
jokes, and sports. But from that dis- 
tractions list, the committee has 
blocked personal ads and swimsuits. 
ClearViewNet will be interactive, to 
allow users to suggest sites that 
should be blocked or unblocked. 

Is this censorship? BBT officials 
say if the screening service is some- 
thing desired by consumers, lor the 
benefit of their children, then it 
doesn't deserve such a pejorative 
label. They compare it to socially 
responsible investing, another service 
BBT offers, which gives consumers 
assurance that they won't be sup- 
porting companies with which they 
have moral objections. 

Addison and BBT think they have a 
real winner with filtered Internet ser- 
vice. Addison says ClearViewNet will 
break even with 10,000 subscribers, 
and he projects that 9,000 to 12,000 
Brethren households will subscribe to 
the new service. Because it is some- 
thing no other mainline denomination 
is offering, it has the potential to be 
marketed to other churches, perhaps 
even franchised. "The gravy comes 
from selling it outside the Brethren," 
Addison says. The hope is that there 
will be some "gravy" to subsidize 
other services BBT wants to offer, like 
financial management for churches 
and districts. 

18 Mkssrnger April 1999 

BBT is clearly excited about its 
new venture. "At ClearViewNet we 
definitely feel like paradigm pio- 
neers, expanding the frontier with 
this new way to access and use the 
Internet," Addison says. Wil Nolen, 
president of BBT, puts it this way: 
"To a great extent, ClearViewNet 
stands as a prophetic frontier for the 
Church of the Brethren." 

Internet access is only half the 
new product line that BBT plans 
to introduce this year. After two 
years of preparation, officials hope to 
announce soon that beginning some- 
time this summer the agency will be 
selling "socially responsible" mutual 
funds to individual investors. The 
mutual funds — one domestic and 
one international fund — are being 
developed after a survey showed 
BBT could potentially attract $20 
million to $30 million in retail invest- 
ments over three to five years. If the 

8901 2 

f > /' 

901 234567 

Wi L NoLen: "Good 
financial management is 

the honest pursuit of 

the growth of assets. If 

we don't do it well, our 

institutions will die." 

funds can attract institutional 
investors, both from inside the 
church and outside, then the poten- 
tial investment pool is much greater. 
Day-to-day operation of the funds 
will be done by a partner company, 
which is a leader in the socially 
responsible investing field, but the 
BBT funds will have their own Wall 
Street Journal listings as public 
mutual funds. 

Wil Nolen, BBT president, 
acknowledges that some Church of 
the Brethren members may look 
askance at an agency of the church 
aggressively pursuing profitmaking 
products like Internet access and 
mutual funds, or helping church 
members increase their wealth in the 
stock market. But he explains: 
"Good financial management is the 
honest pursuit of the growth of 
assets. If we don't do it well, our 
institutions will die." 

Michael Addison's pastor, Clyde 
Fry, recalled to him a quotation from 
|ohn 14:12, in which |esus says 
those who believe in him will do 
even greater works than he has 
done. "I always wondered how it 
could be possible to do greater 
works than Jesus," Fry wrote in his 
e-mail message. "Perhaps this mode 
of communication and access 
qualifies for one of these 
'greater works.'" 



A coach's championship record 

When the Northwood High School girls basketball team 
won the Indiana Class 3A State Championship in March, 
it marked the climax of a 22-year coaching career for 
Steve Neff. Neff, a member of the Union Center Church 
of the Brethren, Nappanee, Ind., and a Manchester Col- 
lege graduate, has served as girls basketball coach at 
Northwood for 22 years, compiling one of the best coach- 
ing records in the state of Indiana. 

At a Sunday afternoon community pep rally, Nappanee 
Mayor Larry Thompson presented Neff the keys to the 
city and read a proclamation declaring Sunday, March 
14, as Coach Steve Neff Day in Nappanee. Earlier 
Sunday morning, after a long trip home from Indianapo- 
lis, Steve was in worship with his family at Union 
Center's 9 a.m. worship service. 

In an interesting sidelight on Saturday, the charter bus 
which was to take the team to Indianapolis for the cham- 

pionship game at Market Square Arena failed to show up. 
Neff loaded the team in a school bus and drove the team 
to Indianapolis. A high school biology teacher, Neff 
quipped, "I still have my license for summer biology, so I 
had to drive the bus today." It must have been an exciting 
ride as Neff reported, "We made record time from Nap- 
panee to Indy. We did it in under three hours in that bus. 
And no speeding tickets." One of the players remarked, 
"Our driver, well ... he got us there. But that's coach for 
you, stepping up when you need him to." [used with per- 
mission from "Thanks, Coach Neff . . ." by Ben Ford in 
The Elkhart Truth. March 15, 1999]. 

— submitted by Henmin Kaiiffiuuii. district executive. North- 
ern Indiana 

Mr.ssRNGRH it'ould like In piihllih iilber sborl. colurfiil. biimorinis iir polgiliiiil 
slorles of real-life liiclclenis nirnlilnfi Brelhren. Please seiul your stihinlsilo}! lo 
Mr.ssF.NGFR, ?j5/ Dundee Ape.. Elgin, IL 60U0-I69~i or e-mail lo the editor at 

ffaryarjfhia brethren ftri> 

April 1999 Mi-;sskngi-:r 19 

linddr construction 

Building the church and housing the homeless in the Dominican Republic 
Photos and story fey Weyna Zynktl 

Samuel Jose Rivera and his family enjoy their new home, rebuilt after the ravages of 
Hurricane Georges. To the left is a home still unrepaired, as the vast majority are. 

Hundreds of Brethren from I 8 
churches and preaching points 
across the Dominican RepubHc came 
to Campamcnto Betel, a Mennonite 
campground near San |uan, for the 
8th Annual Assembly of La Iglesia de 
los Hermanos (the Church of the 
Brethren). It was like all such 
Brethren gatherings — a love fast. A 
time of worship, fellowship, hugs, 
renewal, goal setting, and, of course, 
elections and business. 

Lowell Flory, Annual Conference 
moderator, was the Sunday morning 
speaker. In simple terms, he spoke of 
some of the things that are basic for 
Brethren. Guillermo Encarnacion, a 
native of the Dominican, pastor of 
the Alpha and Omega Church of the 
Brethren in Lancaster, Pa., and a 
spiritual leader of the Dominican 
Brethren, led a Bible study and spoke 
Saturday night. 

In the D.R., Encarnacion is in his 
element. His humor, his mix of evan- 
gelical faith and good sense practical 
wisdom, his many dominicanisms — 
illustrations from their daily life — 
make him an instant, beloved leader. 

Friday night's opening service was 
short. Perhaps an hour. It was full of 
singing — solos and congregational 
— scripture, and brief messages. 

A third of those present at the 
Assembly were youth. With one-half 
of the Dominican population under 
14, that makes sense. At each ser- 
vice, youth were involved heavily in 
leadership. Even the little children 
watched and listened. As I listened to 
the music, the clapping, the drums, 
the rhythm, 1 thought to myself, 
"One thing is missing! The Nigeri- 
ans. The Nigerian Brethren would 
not have understood the language of 
the mouth, but they would have res- 
onated to the language of the heart. 
They would have loved it." We must 
find ways to bring them together! 

Saturday morning, the young 
church heard financial reports and 
discussed budget. Then the attenders 
turned to a period of hearing each 
pastor stand and give a report of the 
state of their own congregation. 
They gave membership, attendance, 
the number of baptisms, and the 
number of those in membership 

classes awaiting baptism. The total 
number of Brethren has grown from 
500 a few years ago to from 1 ,200 to 
1,500 today. Most congregations 
have a dozen to several dozen per- 
sons in continuous membership 
classes preparing for baptism. 

A background of pain 

The Assembly met against a back- 
ground of continuing pain from the 
recent visit of Hurricane Georges. 
Present were members of a disaster 
relief unit at work. The nearby town of 
San |uan at a spot called Mesopotamia 
(meaning "between two rivers") wit- 
nessed the rush of rivers at 5 a.m. 
during the hurricane. In that one spot 
in San luan, Georges left more than 
2,000 dead. The raging waters were 
said to be 12 kilometers wide. Dis- 
placed persons still live in the San 
luan church building. 

Among the decimated homes, 
Brethren workers had recently been 
at work. On the inside of one ply- 
wood wall in the living room were 
penciled the words "Brethren Mis- 

20 Mkssenger April 1999 

iions Center. New Windsor Md. 
USA Constructo Jan. 22, 1999." 

Many of the people are immacu- 
lately neat. Women, in front of their 
partially destroyed little homes, 
could be seen sweeping up trash. 
They were sweeping dirt over dirt, to 
make sure it was clean. 

Also present was a team of 16 con- 
struction workers who had just arrived 
from the US to work alongside mem- 
bers to build the La Vida Verdadera 
Tabara Abajo church. Earl Ziegler, 
pastor of the Lampeter, Pa., church, 
who has done this several times 
before, was again the coordinator. A 
member of the Lampeter church, 
Arthur Kreider, was the foreman. 

Workers came from Pennsylvania 
but also from as far away as Fresno, 
CaliL, and Camp Verde, Ariz. They 
came for worship Saturday night and 
Sunday and then headed for their 
work site. Within a week they hoped 
to have the structure under roof. 
Members of the local congregation 
had poured the footers, will work 
alongside, and then will do the fin- 
ishing work when the Americans 
have gone home. 

In the afternoon, after the Assembly 
was over, many went by vans and cars 
to a beautiful site in a wide river, 
Yaque de Sur, to witness baptisms. 

Born out of service 

The Dominican Church of the 
Brethren was born out of service. In 
the aftermath of Hurricane David in 
1979, Puerto Rican Brethren lorge 
Toledo had come to do disaster 
relief. By day, he helped rebuild 
homes. At night people asked why he 
was there. As he told them, some 
sought baptism. A church was born 
at Viajama, so isolated that there had 
been no church of any kind there 
before. Not even Roman Catholic. 

Now the little village of Viajama was 
again hit by a hurricane. This time 
they know they must move. The next 
storm will wash the entire village 
away. So they are negotiating for land 
to relocate completely — the people 
and the first church — "the German- 
town church" of the D.R. 

At the Assembly were visitors from 

the Puerto Rican Church of the 
Brethren. Always there are members 
from the Puerto Rican church. At 
virtually every dedication, special 
occasion, and celebration. They con- 
sider themselves to be the parents of 
the Dominican church. 

At San Luis, because of the hurri- 
cane and because some sugar cane 
fields are now being plowed under for 
housing developments, the govern- 
ment has closed a sugar cane 
processing factory. This means long- 
term unemployment for the people of 
that village. All are hungry. Some are 
dying. On Tuesday following the 
Assembly, 70 persons from the largely 
Haitian community crowded into the 
church, which each Sunday is bursting 
at the seams with worshipers, to 
explore with Encarnacion ways to try 
to get that decision reversed. 

Disaster workers Eric Hunter, from 
Toledo. Ohio, and Nathan Brightbill. 
from Tonasket, Wash. 

Tile poorest of the poor 

A half million to a million workers in 
the sugar cane fields in northeast 
Dominican Republic are illegal Hait- 
ian refugees. Hurricane Georges 
destroyed 95 percent of the sugar 
cane crop so they have little food, 
impure water, inadequate housing. 

Hildas Ricardo is a doctor who 
has just finished her internship. She 
is a member of the Proyecto Peniel 
church in Santo Domingo, served by 
pastor Eduardo Montero. She wants 
to work for two years among these 
refugees. The work is being coordi- 
nated with COTEDO (Comision de 
Trabajo Ecumenico Dominicano, 
Inc.), an agency that works with the 

poor in the D.R. and has cooperated 
with the Church of the Brethren on 
other projects. 

For some Dominicans there is prej- 
udice against the Haitians. But the 
Brethren have reached out to these 
"strangers" in their midst. The 
Church of the Brethren in the DR 
has been invited to provide spiritual 
support for the Haitian community 
through preaching and Christian 
education ministries. 

A workcamp of 14 from McPherson 
College helped rebuild homes, dig 
latrines, and repair vital windmills in 
the area of the illegal Haitians. 

Members of one family 

lerry and Becky Crouse are newly on 
the scene. They have come to "walk 
with" the young Dominican church, 
as mission coordinators from the US 
Church of the Brethren. With their 
vibrant faith, earnestness, and youth- 
ful enthusiasm they find ready 
acceptance. They have hit the ground 

Soon after they moved into their 
new home, their four-year-old 
blonde daughter, Christy, was play- 
ing in front. When Becky checked on 
her, she was nowhere to be seen. 
Becky went door to door and found 
her in a home a few doors down. 
Christy does not yet speak Spanish. 
The home where she was playing 
spoke no English. But already the 
two had bonded. Two different lan- 
guages. Two different cultures. But 
fast friends already. 

Beneath the tamarind tree, at the 
spot of the first worship in 1 925 in 
Garkida, Nigeria, is a large plaque 
that quotes Ephesians 2. As Ken 
Morse put it in his hymn, "For we 
are strangers no more, but members 
of one family." So it is as one moves 
among the warm and loving mem- 
bers of Las Iglesias de los Hermanos 
— the Churches of the Brethren -tjt 
in the Dominican Republic. l — 

Wayne Zunkel. of the Elizabethtown 
{Pa.} Church of the Brethren, has traveled 
three times to visit La Iglesia de los Her- 
manos (the Church of the Brethren) in the 
Dominican Republic. 

April 1999Messkngi;r21 

The message of ethnic and urban Brethren is . . . 

Let the re-membering begir 

photos and story by 
Howard Royer 

On an Urban Peace Tour largely to 
rural churches in the mid- 
1990s, Don Mitchell was called upon 
for a spontaneous testimony. Dumb- 
founded, he turned to familiar 
words — "I am a recovering alco- 
holic" — words he had never before 
expressed to a group outside of Alco- 
holics Anonymous. 

"I told it like it was, my story with 
alcoholism, not knowing how the 
congregation would respond," said 
the member of Imperial Heights 
Church of the Brethren, Los Angeles. 
"To my amazement, people came for- 
ward and said, 'Brother, I've been 
there.' 'Brother, thank you for your 

"Never in my wildest dreams 
would 1 have expected to be 
embraced by so many." 

Don Mitchell's story was among a 
host of celebrative moments that 
unfolded at the Ethnic/ Urban Con- 
sultation of the Church of the 
Brethren in Kansas City the first 
weekend of Lent. Other accounts 
disclosed memories ot distress and 
disappointment, of dreams for urban 
and ethnic ministries yet unfulfilled. 

One such moment recalled the cur- 
tailment of the Urban Peace Tour 
itself, part of a wide swath of cuts in 
General Board programs. "Urban 
ministry had become visible in 
people's homes and churches and 
hearts, a great time of breaking down 
walls and building bridges," said 
Gilbert Romero, pastor of Bella Vista 
church, Los Angeles, and member of 
the General Board. "1 remember 
weeping before the General Board 
upon learning the board couldn't 
fund the peace tour any more. The 
one thing that brought us together 
was taken away." 

Others also had laments. Vincent 
Rivera, pastor of Summit church in 
Chicago, was dismayed that after five 
years of striving to bring the His- 
panic community together around a 
fresh design for denominational pro- 
gramming, the plan was scuttled. 
"We reached the fourth floor and 
then had to leave the structure unfin- 
ished. The damage done seems 
almost irrepairable." 

Mario and Olga Serrano are co- 
pastors of Principe de Paz, a new 
church development project based at 
the former Santa Ana church in Cali- 
fornia. Mario described the 
bewilderment the project felt when 

the Pacific Southwest District and 
General Board ceased funding. 

Belita Mitchell, a member of the 
Imperial Heights church, said she 
was energized by the cross-cultural 
activities of Annual Conferences in 
Charlotte and Cincinnati, but felt 
more recent conferences were less 
intentional about multicultural 
expression. She asked about compli- 
ance with the Portland Annual 
Conference mandate on greater 
inclusiveness of African-Americans 
in the wider church. And she rued 
the fact that the Black Advisory 
Committee is defunct. 

To give voice to such stories and 
feelings, to seek healing and restore 
broken relationships, and to establish 
common ground for building a mul- 
ticultural coalition were goals set out 
for the Kansas City Consultation. 
Haitian, Hispanic, African-Ameri- 
can, Korean, lapanese-American, 
and Anglo together pondered Gala- 
tians 3:26-29 on being "heirs 
according to the promise." They bore 
living testimony to the theme 
selected from that passage, the 
theme of being "clothed with Christ" 
in diversity and unity. 

When invited to cite particular 
gifts they and their respective cul- 

Voices from Kansas City Voices from Kansas City Voices from Kansas City Voices from Kansas 

"A Brethren is a person who 
has coininitiiient to live in 
coitiiniinily. to live the simple 
life, and to have concern for 
social issues. " — lorge 
Rivera, associate executive, 
Atlantic Southeast District, 
Castaner, Puerto Rico 

"To be Brethren is being a 
member of a very big family, 
caring for one another, 
lending a hand. " — Marilyn 
Montauban, college student. 
First Haitian Church of the 
Brethren, Brooklyn, NY. 

"Being Brethren means 
expressing love for God. love 
for fellow human beings, and 
love for the environment. " — 
Vera Ellwood, lay leader, 
First Central Church of the 
Brethren, Kansas City, Kan. 

"To be Brethren is to live for 
Jesus in a setting that 
develops a faith journey and 
brings healing. " — Vincent 
Rivera, pastor, Iglesia 
Evangelica la Nueva 
lerusalen, Summit, 111. 

22 Messenger April 1999 


ures bring to the 
arger church, indi- 
viduals used such 
erms as "open and 
lonest communica- 
i:ion," "realism," "joy 
iflnd laughter," "pas- 
pion." and "hosting 
I'oeople in the house of 
;he Lord." 

Of particular note were reports 
From representatives of the denomi- 
lation's two Haitian churches, in 
jVIiami and Brooklyn. With vigorous 
support from their respective dis- 
:ricts, Atlantic Northeast and 
\tlantic Southeast, and the wider 
;hurch, the French- and Creole- 
speaking congregations have 
eadership and facilities in place that 
Tiake for growth. 

To guide the consultative process in 
Kansas City, Phyllis Senesi served as 

ediator, encouraging participants to 
ipeak in candor and with "a loving 
ongue." Barbara Date assisted, her 

ate Discernment Circle creating a 
model for listening and understanding 
in a safe, neutral environment. 

The consultation was funded by 
the five Church of the Brethren con- 
gregations of the Metro Parish of 
Kansas City — First Central, 

Participants in the Kansas City Ethnic/Urban Consultation. 

Lenexa, Messiah, Olathe, and Saint 
Joseph — and by the Church of the 
Brethren General Board. 

Major planners were Irvin Heish- 
man, Richard Kyerematen. Belita 
Mitchell, Orlando Redekopp, Gilbert 
Romero, and Terry Shumaker, work- 
ing with Duane Grady, 
Congregational Life Team member 
and event coordinator, and Sonja 
Griffith, pastor of the host church. 
First Central in Kansas City. 

Of some 15 categories of action 
steps brainstormed by the group, by 
far the strongest call was for the 
establishment of a denominational 
committee on multiculturalism. 
Other locuses for change involved 
inclusiveness training for denomina- 
tional leaders, development of 
multi-language resources, and sister- 
to-sister congregational relationships 
to promote cross-cultural experi- 

ences. A small plan- 
ning group will meet 
April 50-May 2 to 
refine and focus the 
action proposals. 

Recognizing the 
pressure on church 
officials as staff and 
budgets have been 
diminished, the consultation singled 
out two participants for special 
prayers, Glenn Timmons, director of 
the General Board's Congregational 
Life Ministries and Emily Mumma, 
moderator-elect of Annual Confer- 

"All of us in some way, to some 
degree, are 'wounded healers,'" Tim- 
mons wrote to participants reflecting 
on the event. "Like all vessels, the 
church is subject to imperfections 
and brokenness, wounded by others 
who love us, even within the body. 

"To tell our story is to be re-mem- 
bered, reconnected with God, self 
and others." 

The message to the wider church 
from the ethnic and urban Brethren 
gathered in Kansas City is. Let rjj~ 
the re-membering begin. l__ 

Howard Royer. is staff for interpretation 
for the Bretliren General Board. 

(bs from Kansas City 

"Being Brethren means being 
intentional about liimg our 
lives with Christ and doing so 
in community. — Belita 
Mitchell, lay leader, Imperial 
Heights Church of the 
Brethren, Los Angeles, Calif. 

"In my congregation you 're 
never white and you 're never 
black. You 're just Lower 
Miami. " — Robert (ackson, 
second-generation member 
and lay leader. Lower Miami 
Church of the Brethren, 
Dayton, Ohio. 

"The mission we have been 
given is to bring some 
togetherness to the Church of 
the Brethren. " — Tim 
Wallace, lay leader, 
Germantown Church of the 
Brethren, Philadelphia, Pa. 

"If we say we live 'Peacefully. 
Simply. Together' and. if we 
believe this, we better let God 
see it. " — Gilbert Romero, 
pastor, Bella Vista Church of 
the Brethren, Los Angeles, 

April 1999Mhssrngi;r23 


God is a tender God 

God's GXQinplG can kelp us clG^^clop a spirit of gentlGness 

BY Harold S. Martin 

24 Messenger April 1999 

The word "tenderness" describes an emotion that is 
gentle, sympathetic, loving, kind, and pitying. Eph- 
;sians 4:32 says that we are to be kind to one another, 
enderhearted, forgiving one another, "just as God in 
Christ also forgave you." [All quotations in this article are 
rom the New King James Version.] The phrase "just as 
God forgave you" indicates something about the immea- 
surable tenderness of God toward sinful persons. 
I It is impossible for any of us to totally comprehend the 
kature of God. The being and attributes of God have always 
been a profound study. And when we study the nature of 
pod we must be careful not to dwell upon one attribute to 
he neglect of another. For example, often His mercy is 
iTiagnified and His majesty is played down; sometimes His 
ove is emphasized and His wrath is denied. 

One of the most beautiful and comforting of God's 
bttributes is that of His tenderness. "Tenderness" is an 
amotion that expresses warm affection, and seeks to share 
the joys and sorrows of another. God is a tender God, 
knd the tenderness of God is sadly needed in these harsh, 
loveless days when tenderness is a scarce commodity 
among human beings. Look, for example, at the hard and 
tense faces of some of the people who pass by at the mall 
pr in the grocery store. Many who are unusually intelli- 
gent have not discovered the secret of a calm and satisfied 
ife, and often do not manifest the qualities of gentleness 
nd tenderness. 

In Ephesians 4:32, the Apostle Paul (who himself was 
once a bitter persecutor of God's people) now urges the 
Christians at Ephesus to emulate the tenderness of God, 
when he says: "And be kind to one another, tender- 
hearted, forgiving one another, just as God in Christ 
[forgave you." Our lives should demonstrate the quality of 
tenderness; otherwise we will find ourselves hard, bitter, 
unfeeling, and loveless. Experiencing the tenderness of 
God can soften our characters. |ohn, the Son of Thunder, 
was later transformed into the apostle of love. The dying 
thief was likely the equivalent of a modern gangster, but 
in the presence of |esus (who was praying for his ene- 
mies), the thief was broken up and transformed into a 
new person. 

The Scriptures present us with several illustrations and 
pictures of God's tenderness, and hopefully these snap- 
shots of divine tenderness will help us develop a new 
sense of charity and gentleness in our own daily living. 

An eagle tkat flutters 

In Deuteronomy 32:11-12 God is described as follows: 
"As an eagle stirs up her nest, hovers over its young, 
spreading out its wings, taking them up, carrying them on 
its wings, so the Lord alone led him." The children of 
Israel are spoken of here under the figure of "|acob," 
their father. The passage illustrates God's instruction and 
training of Israel during the 40 years in the wilderness. 
Moses is reviewing those years for the younger genera- 
tion, just before crossing the lordan to enter into the land 
of Canaan. 

Three aspects of the eagle's care are indicated by 
Moses. Keep in mind that the eagle builds her nest high 
above the ground, often as high as the top of a four-story 

The eagle stirs up her nest, compelling the young eagles 
to fly. Wings that are developed and strengthened in the 
nest must learn to fly, and so out go the young! The 
mother eagle destroys the nest twig by twig, until the 
small eagles are so uncomfortable that they just have to 
go. And so it is that God sometimes acts toward us. He 
tears our nest to pieces, especially if we become too set- 
tled among the things of the world, and too self-satisfied 
with our own accomplishments. 

The mother eagle spreads abroad her wings in order to 
protect and hide her young from an attack. With her 
wings, the mother bird can drive off assailants and soar 
away with her young. At a considerable altitude she will 
drop the small eagles, compelling them to use their 
wings — and then, if through any cause they cannot use 
their wings — she rapidly darts down and places her body 
beneath the young so that they can rest on her back. The 
mother eagle stays near, and is quickly ready to help the 
small eaglets if they are in trouble. 

All this is a beautiful glimpse into the tenderness of 
God. He stirs up our nests; He makes us use our wings; 
but He constantly shelters us with His strong presence. 
We face hard places; there are times when the pressure is 
great and the heat is on — but like the eagle, the Lord 
undergirds and sees us through! The people of Israel were 
cast out from their permanent homes in Egypt and 
brought into the fierce Sinai Desert, but God stood by 
them and saw to it that none was forsaken. 

April 1999 Messenger 25 

A fatriGu wKo pities 

TKg nxotrLGi: wko conifofts 

Another picture of the tenderness of God is given in the 
103rd Psalm. "As a father pities his children, so the Lord 
pities those who fear him. For he knows our frame; he 
remembers that we are dust" (Psa. 103:13-14). 

There is always a lack in life if one has never had the 
benefit of a father's influence. Human fathers know how 
to pity their children when they are in distress. The ten- 
derness of a good father will cause him to punish a child, 
but not in heated anger. So it is with God. Often, as a 
father, 1 could feel the heartbeat in the arms of our chil- 
dren when they were small, and they knew punishment 
was coming. My wife and I are the parents of six children 
When one misbehaved, I would hold 
the wrist tightly and explain the 
misdemeanor — and a sense of 
pity nearly always over- 
whelmed me. So it is with 
the Lord. 

All of our children at 
some time or other were in 
difflcult settings. One of our 
sons fell out of the automo- 
bile and onto the blacktop 
highway. Another son broke 
his leg while kicking a foot- 
ball playing by himself in the 
front yard. Our second 
daughter had a portion of 
bone removed from her hip 
and grafted onto a weak 
spot on the ankle. Our oldest 
daughter was thrown from an 
automobile when rounding a 
curve on a dirt road. One of our 
sons took some nails from a 
neighbor and had to make an 
apology. Our youngest daughter 
has had seven major surgeries for s 

the removal of brain tumors that . ,„,-..,,^. 

continue to be growing in various 
regions of her head. 

Every honest father feels a tender love for his offspring, 
and our Father God senses the same kind of tenderness 
for those who have committed their lives to Him. "The 
Lord pities those who fear him" (Psa. 103:13). 

God knows that we are frail and subject to decay, and 
that we soon sink under a heavy load. He knows that we 
are easily broken under the pressure of severe trial, and so 
He tempers His dealings with us, so that we are not tested 
beyond that which we can bear. "As a father pities his 
children, so the Lord pities those who fear him" 
(I'sa. 103:13). 

Another picture of God's tenderness is found in the 
mother who comforts her child. Isaiah 66: 1 3 says, "As 
one whom his mother comforts, so 1 will comfort you." 

A good mother is a precious person, and a mother's atti- 
tude toward her child gives us another insight into the heart 
of God. It is to the mother that a child usually runs when 
there are tears to be kissed away. The little poem says: 

"Who ran to help me when I fell, 

And would some pretty story tell, 

Or kiss the place to make it well? 

My mother." 

God teveals himself in the Bible by using more 
than 300 names. One of the names for God is 
"El Shaddai" — a term that means "the 
breasted one." A fretful child will often 
soon fall asleep upon the tender pillow 
of a mother's breast. 

One of the wonders of the nature 
of God is the fact that He is able to 
function both as a father and a 
mother. Our God combines in one 
entity all the qualities of noble- 
hearted fatherhood, and all the 
qualities of gentle, tender mother- 
hood. As a father. He can inspire 
courage and fortitude when we are 
in the troubled hours of life, and 
like a concerned mother. He can 
bring comfort and peace. 

God says (in Isaiah 66:13), con- 
cerning the future of Israel, "As one 
whom his mother comforts, so I will 
comfort you." Our God is a tender 

A bcidGgroom 
wko UGJoicGS 

The third picture of the tenderness of God is that of a bride- 
groom who is in the midst of rejoicing. Isaiah 62:5 says, "As 
the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God 
rejoice over you." 

This is another glimpse into the tenderness of God. 
Watch the young man as his wedding day approaches. 
Notice the fond expression when he is in the presence of 
the girl who will become his bride. There is a rich joy and 
a deep satisfaction in his soul as he awaits the time when 
the two shall be united in the bonds of matrimony. 

26 Mksskngkr April 1999 


Believers are spiritually joined in marriage to Christ. The 
iride of Christ is His church (Rev. 21:9), and someday He 
5 coming to claim His own. 

Once a bridegroom takes his bride he is supposed to pos- 
ess her until death parts them. The bridegroom endows the 
)ride with all his worldly goods, and they become each 
)ther's. Thus it is in the spiritual realm: The bride and 
)ridegroom typify the relation existing between Christ and 
he church. Believers are the bride of Christ and they have 
)een endowed with all the Lord lesus has; we are joint heirs 
vith Him, but we are physically absent from Him now. 
Surely we long for the time when He will return to claim 
Tis bride, and God's people will enjoy His presence 
.hroughout eternity. "As the bridegroom rejoices over the 
pride, so shall your God rejoice over you" (Isa. 62:5). 

A Ken tKat gatKers 

esus says, as recorded in Matthew 23:37, "O Jerusalem . . . 
Iiow often I wanted to gather your children together, as a 
len gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not 
vvilling!" in this passage the Lord jesus compares His saving 
and persevering mercy to a hen covering her brood with her 
mngs in times of danger. 

lesus knew that the Roman armies were about to totally 
destroy the city of lerusalem, and thus He pleaded with 


What a baptism it was! 

Having been raised Christian Scientist, I was never bap- 
tized as a youth. In fact wasn't until last year, when I was 
56 years old, that I was baptized. I had been seeking not 
only a different job but also a church where I could feel at 
home. I thank God every day that I found both at High- 
land Avenue Church of the Brethren. Add to these 
blessings a boss like Pastor Don Shank! 

I knew from the first time I attended the Highland 
Avenue church that, whether or not I got the job as 
church secretary, this was the church for me. I attended 
subsequent services and eventually Pastor Don's 
inquirer's classes. I also studied quite a bit of material 
about the Brethren and then made my decision. I wanted 
to join this church and I wanted to be baptized. 

I had heard about trine immersion but was astonished 
to learn it was still practiced - and it was practiced at 
Highland Avenue! If I wanted to be baptized, I too had to 
be dunked. I had to think about this, I confess. Coming to 
understand the reasoning behind it, I made my choice and 
asked to join the church through baptism. 

I have always been a real "water rat." I told Pastor Don 
this, commenting that because of this he wouldn't have to 
hold my nose. He forgot. There I was in the baptistry, wet 

the inhabitants of the city to seek the shelter that He so 
willingly offered. Doubtless, Jesus often watched a 
mother hen calling her young beneath her sheltering 
wing, and He saw how the little chicks would rush for 
protection. But here were people who brazenly refused 
God's protection, and the tenderness of Jesus was stirred. 

The message on divine tenderness will be incomplete 
unless we remember that if the forgiveness from God's 
tender heart is spurned, and if one goes on in carelessness 
and loose living, then another side of God's nature is seen. 
Tough, hard, and unbending justice must operate upon the 
individual who ultimately and finally rejects God's love. If a 
soul dies without Christ, then the righteous judgment of the 
Almighty will fall upon the guilty sinner. 

Therefore, may each Christian, as opportunity attords, 
urge sinners to be wise, and to respond to the tenderness 
of God, while the invitation to flee from the "wrath to 
come" is still being extended. We call upon every respon- 
sible human being to remember that our God in 
tenderness calls for sinners to embrace the arms of rTin 
jesus and find eternal refuge in His care. i — J 

Harold Martin, of York, Pa., is married to Priscilla Martin, and 
they are the parents of six children. He is a non-salaried minister 
in the Pleasant Hill congregation. Southern Pennsylvania Dis- 
trict, and is on the staff of the Brethren Revival Fellowship. 

past my knees, ready to be dunked. Pastor Don grabbed 
my nose and as I went under I opened my mouth and 
gulped in a great big mouthful of water. Through the 
other two dunkings I was praying - praying not to have a 
choking lit. 

After the third dunking, I remained on my knees as 
Pastor Don said the final words. Before he was through, 
the layers of clothing — which modesty had dictated I 
wear — billowed from being in the water so long. I started 
to float away! Seeing my predicament, he quickly helped 
me to my feet. It truly was a "whoops, better get her 
quick" kind of thing. 

Yes, the situation was humorous, yet I went out of that 
baptistry feeling different somehow. As I changed clothes 
alongside another newly baptized woman in the ladies 
room, we shared our joy and gladness in being baptized. 
— Pam Keller 

Pam Keller is administrative assistant at Highland .Avenue 
Church of the Brethren. Elgin. III. 

WlFSiF.XGf.B would like lo piihli.^h olJjL'r fborl. coloijtll. bliiniirous or pinfiiuinl 
stories of real-life inciilenls inrolrin.t; Brethren. Please seinl your sidnnissioii to 
MfissrNr.ER, 1-451 Dundee .Are.. Elgin. II. 6012t)-lb9-i or e-miiil to the editor at 
ffarrarj^bift brethren org. 

April 1999MKSSKNGI-K 27 


I recognize because of my own failings how easy it is to 
justify the route that seems easier in the short term. 

Casting stones 

Your lanuary/February issue of Mes- 
senger contained an unusual article 
by Dale Brown contending that lying 
under oath, or perjury, is not such a 
bad thing, because lying is often jus- 
tified (and he gives examples) and 
because Brethren reject oaths, 
making lying under oath no worse 
than any other lying. 

The author of the article makes it 
clear that his interest is in the 
impeachment of Bill Clinton for com- 
mitting perjury, and admonishes us 
that, in Mr. Clinton's case, we should 
not be concerned with judgment or 
hatred, but that those without sin 
should cast the first stone. 

Yet Mr. Brown proceeds to cast his 
own stones, and to make judgments 
against others regarding their truth- 
fulness, alleging that those who 
maintain that impeachment is "not 
about sex" are lying, and that those 
who term |udge Kenneth Starr an 
independent counsel are also lying. 

The truth is that perjury is a seri- 
ous crime, despite what your article 
claims; the Ten Commandments still 
include "Thou shalt not bear false 
witness." And, contrary to what your 
article claims, Mr. Clinton was 
impeached for perjury, and not for 
adultery; and |udge Starr was in fact 
appointed by the courts as an inde- 
pendent counsel, since the Attorney 
General is obviously not independent 
of the president. 

It is astonishing that you would 
print such an internally contradictory 
and obviously incorrect article; this 
was not a letter to the editor express- 
ing a viewpoint, but an attempt to find 
some ground on which to defend Bill 
Clinton. There is a feeling by many 
within the church that our leadership 
is more loyal to the tenets of the 

Democratic Party than it is to the 
tenets of the Christian religion and the 
Church of the Brethren, and this feel- 
ing is reinforced by this article. 

Walter McSheny 
Spartanburg, S.C. 

Longing for that fire 

I am from a society with about 5 per- 
cent of the global population, a 
percentage that uses or controls 
about 50 percent of the resources 
being used in our world today. This 
is true in a world that has far sur- 
passed any sustainable limits in its 
style of living. 

1 have recently come from and will 
be shortly returning to Chiapas, 
Mexico. There I have been privileged 
to be frequently in a community of 
refugees, displaced just over a year 
ago by violence and militarization in 
their home communities. These dis- 
placed people, driven to the limits of 
human existence, are modeling in 
bold and dramatic ways some of the 
sustainable social, economic, and 
political answers to the difficult 
questions facing our world. 

As I look around at nearby institu- 
tions of my church — congregation, 
college, retirement community — I 
ask why these bodies of the church 
are not also more involved in grap- 
pling with these serious problems 
facing us as a people. 

The vision we have held as a 
denomination has led to transform- 
ing moments for me. BVS in 
Mississippi, disaster work with the 
Brethren in Guatemala, Christian 
Peacemaker Teams in Gaza Strip, 
work camps with the folks of Butler 
Chapel, S.C. Others of you met this 
vision on cattle boats to Europe, mis- 
sion work in Nigeria, quilting for 
relief of war zones, with civil rights 

work in the South, with housing 
rehabs in Habitat, resettling |apan- 
ese-Americans from the US 
concentration camps, and numerous 
other experiences. 

I need my church to keep pushing 
me to be transformed. Once or twice 
is not enough. We seem to do that 
best for each other by openness to 
vulnerability, opportunities for ser- 
vice, by seeing |esus in the least of 
these, by constantly connecting our 
institutions to the vision of God's 
New Creation — a world of right rela- 
tionship — vertical and horizontal, of 
biblical justice, of nonconforming 
wonder, of gospel love, of Sermon- 
on-the-Mount peacemaking, of 
costly discipleship, and of resurrec- 
tion miracles. 

1 recognize because of my own 
failings how easy it is to justify the 
route that seems easier in the short 
term. But I realize that the displaced 
in the refugee camps of Chiapas are 
more tuned than we are presently to 
the gospel message of )esus and the 
reign of God. How do we in the 
Church of the Brethren get encircled 
again by the same Holy Spirit fire? 
What kind of action, prayer, queries, 
dreams, and worship will it take? 

Cliff Kind) 
North Manchester. Ind. 

Honor new members 

We have been both Brethren and Mes- 
senger subscribers for a year and 
have an observation to share. During 
this year, we have heard talk of the 
diminishing membership, of "How do 
we stop the decline," etc. Fred serves 
on a planning commission where the 
same dark talk comes up. 

For months we counted the num- 
bers of new members listed in 
Messenger vs. deaths listed and new 

28 Mkssi-:nger April 1999 

lembers always "won," often by 
lore than two to one. Now in the 
)ecember Messenger we have an 
idex which, among other headings, 
sts deaths. Where are the new 
.lembers Hsted and celebrated? 

We suggest we are able to attract 
nembers but not hold them. Rather 
han wring hands, maybe more 
bought and honoring should be 
;iven these new Brethren. We know 
ome congregations are growing, so 
naybe more articles on their "growth 
esponses" would be useful. 

For us, have no fear; we are both 
)eing nurtured and have found what 
ve need. For others this may not be so. 
Fred and Ann Norton 
Loreland. Colo. 

yiotall Bible is equal 

'The Bible says" is a popular phrase 
n Christian circles these days. It is 
jften used as an authoritative way by 
jreachers to clinch a point or close a 
"Well, what's wrong with that?" 


you might ask. "Isn't the Bible the 
rule of faith and practice, as some 
have defined it?" Certainly the Bible 
is central for the believer, for it is the 
story of God's dealing with people 
from early times. 

But the phrase raises a concern. It 
is often used as a way to legitimize 
the passage cited anywhere it is 
found in the Bible. It is as though all 
writings are of equal importance, 
equal truth. 

lesus didn't seem to think so. Con- 
sider the account of the temptation 
of )esus as recorded in Luke 4; 1 - 1 5. 
The devil said to |esus, "If you are 
the Son of God, command this stone 
to become a loaf of bread." |esus 
responds by quoting Deuteronomy 
8:3, essentially, ". . . one does not 
live by bread alone." 

In the second encounter, |esus is 
offered the kingdoms of the world if 
jesus will worship the devil. |esus 
counters with Deuteronomy 6; 1 5: 
"You shall worship the Lord your 
God and him only shall you serve." 

The third time the devil is armed 

Make plans now to attend the 

Messenger Dinner 

at Annual Conference 

"The view from the editor s pew" 

Speaker: Fletcher Farrar, editor of MLSstNCER 
Music by folksinger Peg Lehman 

luly I. 1999 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

Get acauainted with Fletcher Farrar. the new editor of Messenger, as he 
describes the excitement he felt on discovering the Church of the Brethren, 
and his obsea'ations on the church after a year on the staff. 

Singer Peg tehman has been delighting audiences forj/ears with her songs 
that tell stories, celebrate life, honor family ties, respect the earth, nurture 
tolerance, and promote peace and justice. Her music will touch the hearts of 
Messenger Dinner guests. 

For dinner tickets, call the Annual Conference office at 800-323-8039 or order from advance ^. 
packet order form. Tickets also available in Milwaukee at Annual Conference ticket sales. 

with scripture. When he tempts |esus 
to show off his trust in God by jump- 
ing off the temple roof, the devil 
quotes Psalm 91:11-12. But |esus's 
reply is to quote another scripture, 
Deut. 6:16: ". . . you shall not tempt 
the Lord your God." 

This indicates that lesus did not 
see all scriptures of equal impor- 
tance. There has to be another way 
to understand it. The Apostle Paul 
instructs young Timothy: "Do your 
best to present yourself to God as 
one approved by him, a worker who 
has no need to be ashamed, rightly 
explaining the word of truth" (2 Tim. 

I have appreciated the wisdom and 
instruction 1 received over the years 
of how to rightly handle the Bible. 
While we revere all 66 writings as 
sacred, we read and comprehend it in 
the light of the New Testainent. The 
late Dr. Rufus Bowman said often 
that we should "read the Bible from 
the Gospels out." He suggested that 
we begin with the Sermon on the 

It is not irreverent to ask, "The 
Bible says what?" and follow this by, 
"How does this square with the life, 
teachings, and example of lesus and 
the early church?" 

Herbert A. Fisher 
Mountain Grove. Mo. 


Glendale Churcfi of the Brethren 
7238 N. 61st Avenue 
Glendale. AZ 85301 (602)937-9131 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Community Church of the Brethren 
11 1 N. Sun Valley Boulevard 
Mesa, AZ 85207 (602)985-8819 

Sunday Services 10:15 AM 

Phoenix First Church of the Brethren 
3609 N. 27th Street 
Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602)955-8537 
Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 
2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 857 1 6 (520) 327-5 106 

Sunday Services 10:00 AM 

April 1999 M[-ssi^ngi:k 29 

Classified Ads 


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Spiritual care and development director. Full-time 
position at a rural 98-be(.l Brethren long-term care facil- 
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residents, families, and personnel. Assist administra- 
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projects. Seeking licensed or ordained minister with 
strong written and verbal skills. Mail or fax resume to 
Plea,sant Hill Village, 1010 W. North St., Girard, 111., 
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WANTED: Enthusiastic visionary leader with strong 
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the Shenandoah Valley Current President/CEO is retir- 
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be willing to join a sponsoring Mennonite congrega- 
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Travel with a purpose: Joan and Wendell Bolirer pre- 
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days at 12,799, with all accommodations except lunch. 
Visit Lisbon, Madrid, Seville, Granada, and a great deal 
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.services of a profession;il tour director Deposit $300 and/or 
request brochure from: Wayne F Geisert, President Emer- 
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Phone: 540-433-1433 or 828-5494. 

Brethren Press 
Marketing Manager 

Full-time position based in Elgin, 
III. Application deadline: May 25. 

For more information, contact: 

Elsie Holderread at 

800-742-5100 or e-mail 


Office of Human Resources 
Church of the Brethren General Board. 

Position O|)oiiiiig [or iaiiapr of Ollico OpoFalioiis 

The General Board seeks a Manager of Office Operations. This full-time staff position is located in Elgin, Illinois, and 
works directly with the Executive Director. Coordinating schedule, assisting with correspondence, record and file keeping, 
assigning priorities to the work of the Executive Director's office, and channeling inquiries are key responsibilities. Other 
responsibilities include assisting in preparation of agendas and exhibits, recording and distributing minutes of board and 
committee meetings, and logistical planning for the General Board's three yearly meetings. 

The ideal candidate will exhibit the following qualifications and qualities: 

• committed to operating out of the General Board mission and dedicated to denominational and ecumenical objectives 

• appreciation for Church of the Brethren heritage, theology, and polity 

• excellent communication skills 

• organization management skills 

• high energy and motivation for excellence 
• proHciency with computer technology 
• Bachelor's degree or other education relevant to the position 
Application materials are due by May 21, 1999. For further information contact Elsie Holderread. Manager of Human 
Resources. 1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin, 111, or e-mail eholderread_gb((( 

A World of Opportunity 
through Brethren Education 

A Church of the Brethren educa- 
tion is distinctive! Students find 
opportunities for academic 
achievement; intellectual curiosit/i 
and spiritual development, and 
programs that foster maturity, 
leadership, and service. The six 
Church of the Brethren colleges, 
along with Bethany Seminary and 
Brethren Colleges Abroad (BCA) 
are collaborating to encourage 
Brethren students to study and 
grow in a Brethren setting. 
Join us in promoting Brethren 
higher education. 

Brethren Colleges Abroad 
North Manchester, Indiana 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
Richmond, Indiana 

Bridgewater College 
Bridgewater, Virginia 

Elizabethtown College 
Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania 

Juniata College 
Huntingdon, Pennsylvania 

University of La Verne 
La Verne, California 

Manchester College 
North Manchester, Indiana 

McPherson College 
McPherson, Kansas 


The Brethren Recruiting Project • Church of the Brethren General Board 
1451 Dundee Ave. • Elgin, IL 60120-9958 

30 Messenger A|M-il 1999 

\lew members 

Antelope Valley, Billings, Okla,: 
Donald, Cindy, |ason, and Brian 

Sakersfield, Calif.: Beverly Monji, 
Sammy |ohns, Kathy lohnson 
""iriery Branch, Dayton, Va.: Lena K. 
Cook, leremy Craig, loshua Craig, 
Greg Cummings, Mary C. Dove, 
Aaron Eye, Andrew Eye, Conrad T. 
Eye, Gene F. Fitzwater, Brandon 
Garst, Shay Garst 

iuffalo Valley, Miftlinburg, Pa.: Amy 
Bastian, Matthew Everett, Caleb 
Fox, Heather Farnsworth, Ann Hof- 
mann, Mary Keister, Christine 
Lamey, lason Lamey, Kaitlin Spaid. 
Andrew Richard, Doug Richard, 
Frank Rosencrans 

Chambersburg, Pa.: Linda Sharar, 
Tom Ezolt, Randy Hockcnberry, 
Tommy Nguyen, Bertha Snyder 

Chiques, Manheim. Pa.: Chad Brady. 
Kristen Cox, Alisha Shelly, Derek 
Shelly, Erin Shelly, Nathan Shelly, 
Daryl Ebersole, David and Frieda 

Decatur, 111.: Rick Szewczyk, Dale 
Szewczyk, Don Lair 

East Fairview, Manheim, Pa.: Dave 
Barley, Greg Berkey, Nancy Leed, 
Kerry Myer, Glen and Nancy 
Roberts, ludy Youngeberg, Stacia 
Detter. leremy Thilo 

Fairview-Mount Clinton, Harrison- 
burg, Va.: Kim Boyers. lohn 
Deavcrs, Kathy Deavers, Danielle 
Hoover. Michelle Hunt, Vicki Hunt, 
lackie Self, Barry Smith, Brandi 
Spitzer, Darlene Taylor, Henry 
Terry, Valerie Terry 

Fellowship, Martinsburg, W.Va.: Carl 
and juanita Lewis, John and Tona 

iplorin. Mount |oy. Pa.: Ronald |. and 
Candace L. Grasser, Eric McCom- 
sey, Christopher K. and Cindy C. 

Good Shepherd, Blacksburg, Va.: 
Doris Martin, Alisa Ersoz, Bruce 
Hissong, Kevin Richey 

Green Tree, Oaks, Pa.: jaclyn Leven- 
good, Sheryl Sloan, Ruth Vogt 

Greenmount, Harrisonburg, Pa.: Dale 
and Evelyn Basinger, Alvin B. and 
Larissa Dove, Elijah Andrievich 

Hope, Freeport, Mich.: Calvin Seese 

Maple Grove, New Paris, Ind.: Ben 
Bernaert, Brooke Clayton, Erin 
Kauffman, laimene Kirkdorffcr 

Memorial, Martinsburg, Pa.: LouAnn 

Middle Creek, Lititz, Pa.: Gary Myer, 
Chris Myer, David Beckman, Patti 
Beckman, Eric Beckman, Michelle 

Myerstown, Pa.: Barney and Rhea 
Braun. Richard Brown, Bill and 
Edna Yoh, Marcie Hill, Donna 
Layser, Travis Brubaker, Brian 
Smith, Megan Walmer, Katie Dief- 
fenbach, Mark Seldomridge, Kevin 

Nampa, Idaho: Debi Alsager, Lars 
Alsager, Rick Alsager, Lindsey Gor- 

rell, lulie Hyslop. lack lohns. Marlus 
Johns, Crystal Lamica. Alice Stick- 
ney, Gordon Stickney 

New Beginnings, Warrensburg, Mo.: 
Eldrcd Kingery. Charia Kingery 

New Carlisle, Ohio: Karen Slattery 

Onekama, Mich.: jack and Gail 
Nichols, Brenda Vallie 

Panora, Iowa: Don and Pam Parsons. Mel 
Tessman and Cheryl Starkweather, 
Gaylord and jan lohnson, Robert and 
Dolly Hayes, ludy and Tylor Long, 
Kurt and Mindy Duis, Betsey Leo, 
lenny Harper, Beverly Craft 

Pasadena, CaliL: Melinda Brogan, 
Richard Calkins 

Pomona Fellowship, Pomona, CaliL: 
Dean and Diane Kieffaber, )oel and 
Kim Ruhartz, Nanci Vardaman 

Root River, Preston, Minn,: Shauna 
Broadwater, Laura Broadwater, 
Hannah Serfling, Victoria Nolt, 
Bradley Nolt. Chris Peterson, 
Nicholas Peterson, Zachary Stcinmetz 

Spring Creek, Hershey, Pa.: Nicholas 
Breon, Kyle Lehman, Alison Peters, 
Michelle Thomas 

Sugar Creek West, Lima. Ohio: David 
Ryan Hackworth. Brian Lawrence 
Mauk. Bryan lames White 

Sugar Valley, Loganton. Pa.: Tom and 
Kathleen Owens 

Union Center, Nappanee, Ind.: Kcl 
Miller, Conley Carter, Mark and Kerri 
Kunze, Glenn and Bonnie Searer, 
Steven Stouder, Ruth Hochstctler, 
Nick and Sharon Plank II 

Walerford, Calif.: Melissa Miller, Stacy 
Switzer, lames Switzer 

Woodbury, Pa.: Heather Houp, |aren 
Love, Micah Stapleton, Ryan Staple- 
ton, Stephen Wagner 


Bechlel, Merle and Fay, Sebring, Fla.. 55 

Butzer, David and Mary, Akron, Pa., 65 

Clay, Vernon and losephine, Hartville, 
Ohio, 60 

Croy, Merl and Phyllis, Wakarusa, Ind., 55 

Faust, Chester and Gladys, Chambers- 
burg, Pa.. 5U 

Flora, Clifford and Louise, Elkhart, 
ind., 60 

Fox, Melvin and Celia, Chambersburg, 
Pa.. 50 

Frederick, Burton and Mary lean, 
Goshen Ind., 60 

Frenger, Bon and Ada, Syracuse, Ind., 50 

Herr, Francis and Lois, Nappanee, 
Ind.. 50 

Irelan, lames Sr. and Betty, Bristol, 
Ind.. 50 

Lineweaver, Warren and Mary. Myer- 
stown. Pa., 60 

Machamer, Vernon and Patricia, North 
Canton, Ohio, 50 

McCorl, Pat and Elizabeth. Hartville, 
Ohio, 60 

Myer, Harold and Grace, Frederica, 
Del., 50 

Peck, Paul and Genevieve, Troy, Ohio, 60 

Pippenger. Harold and Irene, Nappa- 
nee. Ind., 65 

Price, Howard and LaRue, Windber, 
Pa., 50 

Rager, Dean and Lois, Johnstown, Pa., 50 

Rotz, Robert and Margaret, Chambers- 
burg. Pa., 50 

Shimp, Chelcie and Margaret, Troy, 
Ohio, 60 

Smith, Arlington and Mary lane, 
Lebanon Pa., 50 

Stermer, Melvin and Dorothy, 

Hartville, Ohio. 60 

Wise, Roy and Dorothy, North Canton, 
Ohio, 60 

Wittier, Albert and Catherine, Sebring, 
Fla.. 55 

Wright, Gene and Nita, Troy, Ohio, 60 

Zimmerman, Stanley and Jessie, Bris- 
tol, Ind.. 55 


Arnold, Hazel. 92. Pontoon Beach. 111.. 

Dec. 2 
Alexson, Evelvn, 82, Rockford, 111, Ian. 

Arey, Alma H.. 85, Harrisonburg. Va.. 

Ian. 25 
Barb, Anna L., 70, Edinburg, Va., Ian. 16 
Barner, Raymond, SO. Loganton. Pa.. 

Barnes, Debra, 41, Huntington. Ind.. 

Ian. 6 
Bendsen, Olga, 86, North Manchester, 

Ind.. Ian. 2 
Blickenstaff, Ray, 96. Nampa, Idaho, 

April 8 
Boone, Helen, 85, Modesto, CaliL. Ian. 18 
Bowers, Lawrence David Sr., 91, 

Bridgewater, Va., Ian. 22 
Bowman, Harold E.. 88. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. Dec. 51 
Brechbill, Roy W., 89, Chambersburg, 

Pa,, Sept. 13 
Brehm, Eva, 82, Davidsville, Pa., Nov. 22 
Burroughs, Russell, 64, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Mar. 1 7 
Campbell, Catherine, 67, Warren, Ind., 

Aug 5 
Confer, Thelma, Lock Haven, Pa., Dec. 1 5 
Cook, Gladys Mae, 94, New Carlisle, 

Ohio. Ian. 6 
Covall, Earl, 91, lohnslown. Pa.. Dec. I 
Cox, Meral, 81, Lock Haven. Pa., 

March, 1998 
Crichton, Avis, 93, Nampa, Idaho, luly 8 
Crider, Carroll L. "Fuzz." 50, Dayton, 

Va.. Ian. 25 
Crill, Hazel, 84, Nampa, Idaho, Ian. 24 
Douglas, Alois E., 75, San Diego, 

Calif., Ian. 6 
Driver, Erva Cupp, Harrisonburg, Va.. 

Nov. 2 
Driver, John, 76, Lafayette, Ohio, Nov. 23 
Driver, Viola Cook, Dayton, Va., Sept. 1 2 
Eaton, lohn B., 85. Harrisonburg, Va., 

Ian, 13 
Ebling, Reuben, 94, Ridgely, Md., Ian. 14 
Ellsworth, Alonzo, 83, Lewiston. 

Minn.. Ian. 1 
Ewall, Dorothy, 72, Harmony, Minn., 

Sept. 25 
Good, Harold C, 73, Red Lion, Pa.. 

Ian. 18 
Graham, Frank, Hartville, Ohio, Dec. 8 
Graves, Jerri, 56, Billings. Okla.. 

Nov. 5 
Heckman, Ellenar, Richland Township, 

Pa.. Nov. 30 
Henninger, Paul H.. 57, Stuarts Draft, 

Va., Ian. 21 
Holsinger, Anna L., 86, Timberville, 

Va,. Jan. 21 
Hoover, Gussie, 89, Windber, Pa., Feb, 

9. 1998 
Horsi, Mervin, Cornwall, Pa., Oct. 29 
Humphrey, Esther, 87, Huntington, 

Ind., July 24 
Humphrey, George. 88. Huntington. 

Ind., Dec. 16. 1997 
Jell, Beulah Fsta, 93, Woodstock, Va., 

Ian. 16 
Johns, Christ, 94, Manheim, Pa., Ian. 10 
Keeling, L Calvin, 72, Bakersfield, 

Calif., Dec. 1 5 
Keeny. Charles E., 86, New Oxford, 

Pa.. Ian. 29 
Keim, Minnie. 97, Nampa, Idaho, May 9 
Knudson, Leota, 87, Nampa, Idaho, 

April 12, 1998 
Lanham, Raymond Osborne, 85, 

Broadway, Va., Jan. 1 7 
Lehman, Wilbur, 81, Windber. Pa., 

Dec. 29 
Lohr, Mabel Lee, 89, Quicksburg. Va., 

Ian. 14 
Masincup, Inez C, 60, Staunton, Va., 

Ian. 1 1 
Miller, Weldon A.. 86, Dayton, Va., 

Ian. 25 
Mitchell, Joseph B., 90. Bridgewater, 

Va., Ian. 1 5 
Mohler, Russell G. Sr., 77, Linville, 

Va.. Ian. 27 
Morey, Vera. 91, Preston, Minn., Jan. 

3. 1998 
Nichols, Ronald. 54, Huntington, Ind., 

Dec. 16. 1997 
Patrick, Vincent Sr., 8 1 , Windber, Pa„ 

Nov. 27 
Penrod, Floyd, 81, Windber, Pa., Jan. 2 
Replogle, Donald, 92, Lakeview, Ohio, 

Dec. 23 
Richard, Ann, Bluffton, Ohio, Dec. 3 
Roberts, George Sr., 96, lohnstown. 

Pa., Nov. 3 
Rock, Lova H., 69, Troulville, Va., luly 10 
Saul, Ernest, Richland, Pa., Dec. 16 
Senour, John M., 84, Pasadena, Calif,, 

Jan. 22 
Shaver, Viola M., 77, Harrisonburg, 

Va., Dec. 26 
Sheaffer, Ray G., 68, North Canton, 

Ohio, Oct. 9 
Snyder, Lois A., 82, North Canton, 

Ohio, luly 9 
Stapleton, Earl H., 88, Martinsburg, 

Pa., Ian. 24 
Swank, Edith, 95, Sebring, Fla.. Ian. 28 
Thorp, Gladys Pearl, 77, Mathias, 

W.Va., Ian. 25 
Underbakke, Maynard, 79, Preston, 

Minn., May 4 
Van Antwerpen, Thelma, 93, Modesto, 

Calif., Ian. 25 
Waterman, Naomi, Nampa, Idaho, May 31 
Weaver, Justice H., 75, Mathias, W.Va., 

Ian. 18 
Winters, Dortha E., 84, Mercersburg, 

Pa., Ian. 5 
Wise, Mary, 71, Goshen, Ind., Sept. 16 
Wood, Sarah, Hartville, Ohio, February 
Yager, Naomi. 96, Craigvillc, Ind., Dee. 29 
Yokum, Lester, 92, Petersburg. W.Va.. 

|an. 5 1 
Young, Mildred A., 84, Hartville, Ohio, 

Aug. 28 
Zimmerman, Ida M., 98, Martinsburg, 

Pa., Nov. I 


Freeman, LP. Sept. 10, West Man- 
chester, North Manchester, Ind. 

Rcmpcl, Jeanne, Oct. 10, Olympic 
View, Seattle, Wash. 

Sgro, John A., Nov. 10, Sebring. Fla. 

Taylor, Rudolph Hamilton III, March 
16, 1997, Cloverdale, Va. 

Brockway, loshua, Nov. 7, East 
Nimishillen, North Canton, Ohio 


Carter, Alfred K.. Dec. 17, 1976, Stony 

Creek, Bellefontaine, Ohio 
Dinkins-Curling, leffrey, Jan. 15, 

1995, Pitsburg, Arcanum, Ohio 
Lcflwich, Danny, May 16, Mount Airy 

First, Mount .Mry. N.C. 

April 1999 Messengf.r 31 

Squelch the squelchers 


Annual Conference has a last chance this year to 
squelch a bad idea called "Process Regarding 
Unfunded Annual Conference Mandates." This proposal 
would create a committee that could squelch any good 
ideas that might come before the church, simply by 
crying, "There's no money!" While it is true that "there's 
no money" is already employed at all levels of the church 
by tired souls who lack imagination, this would create an 
official "there's-no-money" committee to make doubly 
sure that nothing new or different ever gets done. 

The proposal came out of a beleaguered General Board 
in the depths of its redesign doldrums in October 1996. 
Understandably the board felt that its money woes 
resulted not from its own mismanagement, waste, or lack 
of promotion, but because it was trying 
to do too many things Annual Confer- 
ence asked it to do. This would show 
them. From now on, if Annual Confer- 
ence tells us to do something, let them 
give us the money! The resolution 
would create a Program Feasibility 
Committee, made up of board members 
and standing committee members, to 
conduct a feasibility study and cost 
analysis of every "unfunded mandate" 
passed by Annual Conference. In 1997 
Standing Committee sent it to 1998 
Annual Conference, which postponed it 
to 1999 Annual Conference. This was 
to allow the new Annual Conference 
agencies — On Earth Peace Assembly 
and Association of Brethren Care- 
givers — a chance to get in on the action. Rather, 

Money follows good ideas, not vice versa. Do what 
God loves and the money will follow. More often than 
not, obeying (esus will not win the approval of a Program 
Feasibility Committee. Often what the church is called to 
do is just not feasible at all. 

What if God had taken his Creation idea before the 
Program Feasibility Committee? "God, do you have any 
idea what this is going to cost? Why, the heavens and the 
earth are more than we can afford, let alone sea monsters 
and fruit trees of every kind! The idea is a good one, but 
it needs work." 

Or how would lesus have fared with the "there's-no- 
money committee"? Changing water into wine wouldn't 
have gotten very far at all, I think, and it might have 

< e e 9 « « » e 

More often than not, 

obeying Jesus will not 

win the approval of a 

Program Feasibility 


I e 9 « e 9 e I 

taken him a while to convince the group that healing 
lepers doesn't cost as much as you think. Feeding the 
5,000, on the other hand, is a quantifiable program with 
possibilities. My guess is that, after a two- or three-year 
campaign, the money could be raised to get them fed. 

Paul's missionary journeys surely cost too much, not to 
mention the unfunded mandate faced by the apostles to 
start a church and spread it throughout the world. How 
many of the best achievements of the Church of the 
Brethren would never have gotten past the squelchers? 
lust think of young Ted Chambers climbing on his 
orange crate to propose to the 1948 Annual Conference 
the motion that created Brethren Volunteer Service. 
"That's fine, young man," the chair might have said. 

"We'll assign it to the Program Feasi- 
bility Committee." And we never woulc 
have heard of the unfunded mandate 
called BVS again. 

It's time we get our fearful budget 
guards out of the way and let the Holy 
Spirit work. Church people know that 
many of the best ideas don't take much 
money, and even expensive ideas often 
prove easy if everybody is behind them, 
Church people also know that some- 
times things get funded that not 
everybody wants — call these funded 
non-mandates, if you will. Should we 
appoint a committee to look into these 
as well? 
.,,....... If a proposal is truly a mandate of 

Annual Conference, then it won't go 
unfunded for long — unless, that is, the squelchers kill it 
first. We donors need challenges, not complacency. 
Might giving grow even faster if there were more 
unfunded mandates asking for us to fund them? Rather 
than look for ways to shoot down Annual Conference 
proposals, it would be nice to foster some friendly com- 
petition among program boards to see which could 
implement the most new ideas the fastest. That would gel 
the church moving in a positive direction. 

The unfunded mandates proposal should be voted 
down because it would cost our church too much. It 
would cost us our spirit, our creativity, our spontaneity, 
our dynamic response to God's will. The theme of the 
upcoming Annual Conference is not "Let the fearful 
church demise." It is, rather, a powerful call to courage: 
"Let the servant church arise!" — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Mkssengkr April 1999 

1 nanf^youjorgooa material, rooted in the Bible. — Illinois 

"A superb resource. ..lots of ideas that worl^. " — Michigan 

"StoryTeller is a kit! Several of the leaders agreed to u'orl( again 
next year, but only iftve used The StoiyTeller Series. " — Alabama 

Then Jesus said to Simon, 

'Do not be afraid; from notv on you tvill be catching people. " When they had brought 

their boats to shore, they left everything and folio teed hiin. 

{Luke 5:10-11) 

1999 Vacation Bible School 

To olace an order or to request a brochure, call Brethren Press at 800-441-3712. 

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Church of the Brethren iVlay1999 








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Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: 

Kenneth 1. 
Morse is best 
known as author of the 
hymn favorite, "Move in 
Our Midst." But follow- 
ing his death March 23, 
remembrances by friends 
and colleagues have 
introduced his rich life to 
a new generation of 
Brethren who never knew 
him personally. Accord- 
ing to Howard Royer, a 
bngtime co-worker and friend of Morse who writes this 
nonth's cover story, he was not only a renowned hymn- 
writer and editor, he was one of those rare individuals 
yhose life and character shape the character of the church. 
The cover illustration for Kenneth Morse's book on wor- 
hip, Move in Our Midst, is a photograph by Wilbur 
Brumbaugh of empty pews. The photo on this month's 
MESSENGER cover, perhaps taken at the same time but 
midentified in the archives, shows Morse seated in those 
Dews, reflecting his lively interest in public worship, 'i can't 
hink of a more appropriate setting for Ken than in a sanc- 
uary," comments Royer. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 




12 Ken Morse remembered 

h is one of Ken Morse's lesser known 
hymns, "O God of mystery and might" 
(Hymnal #150), that inspired the title to 
Howard Royer's tribute, "Grace to touch 
the dream." 

16 Walter Wink on Kosovo 

When NATO bombs began dropping on 
Yugoslavia, Messenger turned to theolo- 
gian Walter Wink, a leading contemporary 
advocate of nonviolence, to ask what 
should be the Christian response. His 
answers are provocative. 

20 Getting spiritually ready for Y2K 

It is our interior computers that Ken 
Gibble wants to be sure are ready for the 
millennium. He writes: "We should use the 
coming days and weeks to retlect prayer- 
fully on the ways God has been and will be 
at work in human history and in our own 

22 Pitfalls of pastoral counseling 

A counselee might wonder, "Was that me 
the pastor was talking about in his sermon 
this morning?" This is but one of 10 
potential problems pastors should consider 
before they undertake the important min- 
istry of pastoral counseling. 

24 Renewal in rural ministry 

The small membership/rural church is the 
bedrock of the Church of the Brethren, 
according to lames L. Kinsey, who reviews 
a helpful new book on ways to understand 
and revive the small church. Photographs 
with the article are of Antelope Valley 
Church of the Brethren, a dynamic and 
growing small congregation near Billings, 

May 1999 Messenger 1 

11^ Piioiisiier 


On April 20, violence closer to home took over the newspapers and television 
screens, which previously had been dominated by NATO bombing of 
Yugoslavia. While we all had been mightily moved by the reports of suffering and 
inhumanity an ocean away, the massacre in Littleton, Colo., had our undivided 
attention. This event took place in our collective backyard. 

One of the high schools in Elgin actually does come up to my own backyard, 
underscoring the realization that many in the nation felt: This could have happened 
to us. In my family, we talked to our school-age children about all the issues that 
seemed from the first news reports to be related to the tragedy: guns, white 
supremacism, the culture's elevation of sports heroes, violent video games and 
movies, troubled youth. We couldn't answer the question of why the two boys 
became killers. And we couldn't assure our children that it could never happen in 
their schools. Clearly, being a kid nowadays means being aware of the overwhelming 
depravity in the world. 

It was easy to say, "See, this is why we won't let you play violent video games" 
(though we were quick to add that playing such games doesn't cause most kids to 
shoot somebody). But what more does it mean to be a member of one of the historic 
peace churches? In the midst of this war in the Balkans and then again in the face of 
yet another outbreak of school violence, what contribution can a peace church give? 
What do we make of the violence surrounding us on all sides? 

Is there some new role for the Brethren? We tend to think peacemaking means 
nonresistance, conscientious objection to serving in the military, marching for 
peace, writing letters to governmental officials. . . . But in a frightening world where 
children blow up their classmates, peacemaking may look a lot like doing social 
work, providing pastoral care, uncovering racism, critiquing the media and the cul- 
ture — maybe even changing the culture. 

I didn't expect to hear a profound peace statement on TV, but I heard one on Oprah 
Winfrey's show the night after the shootings. One of her guests, Gerry Spence, 
described eloquently how children reflect the culture in which they live, and listed the 
ways they are barraged with violence. President Clinton lamented that these boys knew 
no other way than violence to solve their problems, Spence commented, yet night after 
night we had watched the US bombing away at a problem in Yugoslavia. 

Then Oprah Winfrey turned to the camera and quoted William Stafford, a poet 
whom the Brethren have been proud to claim through his connection through Civil- 
ian Public Service. While she probably was reading from a different book, the poem 
she quoted also appears in A Scripture of Leaves (published by Brethren Press and 
soon to be reissued in a new edition): 

For it is iinportant that awake people be awake, 
or a breaking line may discourage them back to sleep; 
the signals we give — yes or no, or maybe — 
should be clear: the darkness around us is deep. 

Let us be truly awake, so that we may banish the nightmares of our children — 
those here and those in other cultures of violence around the world. 

How to reach us 


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of the Brethren. Entered as periodical postage matt( 
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Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger May 1999 



Peace Memorial Garden is a place of quiet rest 

Along one side is a busy street. Along another is a drive to the parking lot past the 
entrance to the handicapped accessible entrance to the church. Still, in the midst of 
cars and people, "there is a place of quiet rest." It is called the Peace Memorial Garden. 
At the entrance stands the familiar peace pole with the words, "May Peace Prevail on 
Earth," in eight languages. The area is an oasis of beauty and calm in the shadow of the 
church sanctuary. A place with benches on which to sit, look at the flowers, listen to the 
birds. A place where many come to reflect and pray. A place for the cremated remains of 
loved ones to be laid to rest. 

Rural churches often have large cemeteries. Town and city churches do not all have that 
luxury of space. But a memorial garden is a possibility for many. The church which can 
be a source of comfort during life becomes a sanctuary in death. 

Peace Memorial Garden 

at the Elizabeth town 
(Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren was designed 
by members of the 
church, Jeff Eisenbise, 
left, and his father. 
Eugene Eisenbise. 

The Elizabethtown Church of the Brethren set aside an area roughly 100 by 120 feet. 
On the side near the street are dense rows of fir trees. A low stone wall with massive 
rocks brought from nearby farms defines the terraced levels, which are covered now with 
flowers and trees. What had been a plain grassy plot has been transformed into a garden 
of beauty. A brick walkway at the base of the garden of shrubs and flowers and a picket 
fence help to define the area. 

For some time the idea had been thought a possibility as Sunday school classes talked 
of death and dying. The proposal was brought before the executive committee, and a 
Memorial Garden Committee was named to explore all options. Louise Baugher Black, a 
longtime advocate, was named the first chair for the committee. The concept of a 
church-sponsored garden for the cremated remains of members and their immediate 
families took hold. Interviews followed with representatives of congregations with 
church-side interment grounds. This was followed by visiting a variety of memorial gar- 
dens in Lancaster and nearby areas, (continued on page 4) 

Mav 1999 Messen(;i-:r 3 


(continued from page 5) 

Legal ramifications for 
the church were examined 
by the church's attorney. 
The borough manager 
approved the plans after 
studying the rules and pro- 
cedures set by the 
committee. Next came the 
endorsement by the church 
board and church council. 
Finally, all was in place for 
the physical work to begin. 

While some churches hire 
architects to plan and 
design their gardens, the 
Elizabethtown church 
called on two members, a 
father-son team. Eugene 
and leff Eisenbise served as 
project supervisors, job 
foremen, and landscape 
engineers. Excavation was 
handled by Ryan Kopp, 
another member, who had 
large earth-moving equip- 
ment. Other members 
helped with plantings. 

Remains are interred in 
biodegradable containers. 
No markers are placed in 

the garden, nor are records 
of interment location kept. 
But a brass plaque mounted 
on the wall inside the side 
entrance, which has been 
named Memorial Lobby, 
contains the name and birth 
and death dates of each 
person interred in the 
garden. A memory book is 
kept near the plaque. Each 
interment will have a page 
for the family to record 
whatever they wish about 
the deceased. 

Roger Killian, current 
chair of the committee, said 
the church has received 22 
applications from members 
of the congregation who 
wish to be interred in the 
garden. Others are giving it 

People look to the church 
in time of births, marriage, 
sickness and health, and the 
various stages of life. Now 
the church can provide 
nearby a final resting place 
in the time of death. 
— Wayne Zunkel 

Roy Howes, at bis retirement 
party in lanuary. 

Howes breaks a record 
for public service 

The longest-serving county 
commissioner in Michi- 
gan's history is Roy Howes 
a member of the Marilla 
Church of the Brethren, 
Copemish, Mich. He was 
recognized on his retire- 
ment from the board last 
year by Michigan Gov. |ohi 
Engler for his 45-plus year; 
of service to Manistee 
County. Many others 

Dean Rohrer, 


left. M'itli two of liis 

Ohioan recalls days as a sea-going cowboy 

In the spring of 1945 men from the Church of the Brethren headquarters 
in Elgin, HI., came to Manchester College to ask for volunteers. They 
wanted "sea-going cowboys" to assist with the delivery of horses to Europe. 

The war had been devastating to livestock all over Europe, so the United 
Nations shipped thousands of horses to ports across Europe, and Brethren 
volunteers were needed to care for them on the journey. 

Dean Rohrer, now a resident of Chestnut Village at the Brethren's Home 
Retirement Community in Greenville, Ohio, volunteered. He and 1 1 fellow 
Manchester students accompanied 600 horses to Greece. Caring for the 
horses was a 24-hour-a-day job for the entire three-week trip. But the next 
summer Rohrer and his fellow volunteers helped to transport another 600 
horses to Poland. 

"This changed all of us Midwestern boys and opened us up to what the 
world really was," Rohrer says. "We were all Church of the Brethren, and 
this launched for some of us the spirit of Brethren service, of truly wanting 
to help others around the world instead of just those in our own back- 
yard." — MiKi^ Wernick 

4 Messenger May 1999 

ffered words of apprecia- 
ion as well, including one 
vho served with him in 
.'ounty government who 

,aid: "Through his civilitv 


ind patience, Roy won the 
•espect of county commis- 

ioners of both political 
parties and made doing 

he county's business a 
pleasure." Howes, 86, has 
3een a faithful member of 
the Marilla congregation 
for 78 years. 

Elizabethtown College 
begins centennial 

iElizabethtown (Pa.) Col- 
lege's 14-month 
centennial celebration 
began April 1 7 with its 
igrand kickoff. Three days 
of events led up to that 
day, including an April 1 4 
program highlighting 100 
years of E-town stories 
and pictures. An extensive 
listing of all centennial 
events over the 14-months 
is posted at http://www 
Ihomepage.shtml. Or call 

iConestoga marks 
275th anniversary 

Conestoga Church of the 
Brethren, Leola, Pa., this 
year is celebrating its 
275th anniversary. Ser- 
vices throughout the year 
will feature special music 
and special guests. The 
congregation's anniversary 
celebration is scheduled 
for the Nov. 1 3 weekend. 
For more information, 
contact |ohn Hershey at 

Bridgewater College 
receives major gifts 

Bridgewater College has 
moved a step closer to 
constructing its new $3.5 
million health and wellness 

center with a second $ I 
million donation from 
Fred Funkhouser. Earlier 
this year, Funkhouser, a 
retired Shenandoah Valley 
banker, donated $1 million 
to initiate the campaign. 

The new center will be 
named the Fred O. and 
Virginia C. Funkhouser 
Center for Health and 
Wellness, in honor of 
Funkhouser and his late 
wife, Virginia. 

Dr. Richard Howells (in cup) extracts a tooth with help from a "flcishlighl holder" ami a 
"head holder" at the Las Rayas clinic in Honduras. 

Pennsylvania dentist helps in Honduras 

A favorite expression for something of 
real difficulty is that "it's like pulling 
teeth." From March 5 to 15 this year, Dr. 
F^ichard Howells, a member of Memorial 
Church of the Brethren in Martinsburg, 
Pa., found out how hard, but how reward- 
ing, pulling teeth can be. 

He was part of a group of 55 volunteers 
to go to aid Honduras, sponsored by the 
Johnstown, Pa., chapter of the interde- 
nominational organization Pro Papa 
Missions America. 

Howells pulled teeth all day in the vil- 
lage of Las Rayas, reached by an 
eight-hour trip over winding mountain 
roads in an old school bus. Both the bus 
and food and lodging for the volunteers 
were arranged by Chet Thomas, a Church 

of the Brethren member who went to Hon- 
duras 20 years ago and founded Project 
Global Village, which he serves as execu- 
tive director. 

Patients, dressed in their best clothes for 
the occasion, would begin lining up early 
and could number about 100 before the 
clinic opened. 

When he reported back to his home con- 
gregation. Dr. Howells helped connect the 
hemispheres and reminded us that our 
work and our worship are one. — jitAN P. 

"//; Touch" profiles Brethren we would like you 
to meet. Send story ideas and photos to "In Touch. " 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee. Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Mav 1999 Messenger 5 


us Brethren team visits India 
for work on reconciliation 

A team from the United States vis- 
ited former Brethren mission 
churches in India March 19-51. Led 
by the General Board's director for 
Global Mission Partnerships, Mervin 
Keeney, the group also included 
Shantilal Bhagat, GMP staff consul- 
tant, and Bob Gross, coordinator for 
the Ministry of Reconciliation. Their 
visit was to lay the foundation for a 
hoped-for joint meeting between the 
Church of North India and Brethren 
who have separated from the union. 

The Vyara congregation celebrates a 
festive Palm Sunday. 

Churches begun by the Church of 
the Brethren, which started mission 
to India in 1894, united with the 
Church of North India (CNl) in 
1970 as a part of an indigenization 

strategy. But some members began 
withdrawing from the union as early 
as 1978. Continued tensions have 
diverted the energies of both groups 
from fully pursuing God's mission 
and continue to divide the body of 
Christ in an increasingly difficult 
Hindu context. 

Annual Conference last spoke on 
the situation in India in a 1988 
action. Recommendations in the 
1988 statement included encourage- 
ment for General Board staff to 
facilitate cooperative ministry and 
reconciliation between the groups. 

The delegation visited the CNI 
leadership at Ahmedabad, including 
the Bishop of Gujarat diocese, the 
CNI general secretary, and CNI pas- 
tors from south Gujarat. They met 
with persons interested in property 
trust issues. They also visited CNI 
congregations at Vyara, Ankleshvar, 
and Valsad (Bulsar). 

Later they met with the Bishop of 
Mumbai (Bombay) diocese regarding 
outstanding property trust matters ir 
his diocese. CNI's key interest is to 
maintain the unity of the church. 

The three visited with seven 
Brethren congregations and six out- 
reach centers (some established 
since 1 978) in the Valsad and Vyara 
areas, and briefly visited three high 
schools run by the churches. They 
met with leadership and trustees of 
the existing property trusts. 

This was the first official contact 
by representatives of the Church of 
the Brethren with Brethren congre- 
gations since the time of separation. 
Receiving recognition by the Ameri- 
can church as a part of the global 
Church of the Brethren was the pri- 
mary concern of Brethren. 

6 MESSENGRKMay 1999 

The group also visited the Dangs 
area, where there has been rehgious 
persecution recently, and shared 
words of encouragement. 

Keeney summarized the meetings 
this way: "We worshiped, brought 
greetings, and enjoyed gracious hos- 
pitality. We heard a variety of 
iperspectives and recommendations 
regarding unresolved issues. The trip 
renewed the Church of the Brethren 
Iconnection with the church in India, 
and began to explore ecclesiastical, 
historical, and legal issues toward 
possible ways forward. While we rec- 
ognize that the solution must be 
found by the churches in India, the 
Church of the Brethren, as the 
'mother church," can be a catalyst. A 
number of contemporary factors 
prompt hope for movement now on 
these difficult, interrelated issues." 

Keeney said the next step, a joint 
meeting bringing the two groups 
together, is projected in the coming 
six months. 

Church calls for end to NATO 
bombing; aids relief effort 

In an open letter to President Clin- 
ton, Judy Mills Reimer, executive 
director of the Church of the 
Brethren General Board, on March 
31 asked the United States to help 
halt the bombing in Yugoslavia. 

"In the midst of this terrible situa- 
tion, 1 am led by the teachings of the 
Bible, by the traditions of our 
church, and by the stark reality that 
violence only begets violence, to call 
on you to stop the bombing of 
Yugoslavia," Reimer wrote. 

She added, "The intentions of the 
United States and its allies may have 

Church of the Brethren gives 
$140,000 for relief aid 

The Church of the Brethren has 
announced grants totaling 
$140,000 from the Emergency 
Disaster Fund to assist Church 
World Service in providing 
essential items to Kosovar 
refugees. The funds will be used 
to purchase needed supplies in 
Europe, the fastest and most 
efficient way to get them to the 

"We are learning more and 
more about the plight of moth- 
ers and little children," said 
Marianne Pittman, interim co- 
manager of Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries. 
"Part of this grant will be used 
to get baby formula there 

Donations are needed to 
replenish the Emergency Disas- 
ter Fund in the face of 
anticipated additional grants to 
meet needs in Europe, as well as 
to continue disaster relief 
efforts in Latin America and the 
Caribbean. Donations may be 
sent to Emergency Disaster 
Fund, Church of the Brethren 
General Board, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

been noble in seeking to protect the 
rights of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo. 
However, in allowing for only two 
options — to condone ethnic cleans- 
ing or to seek a military solution — 
we have created a no-win situation 
where ultimately the very people we 
have sought to protect are being fur- 
ther endangered." 

Reimer said a return of interna- 
tional peace monitors coupled with 
OSCE- or United Nations-led nego- 
tiations between the Yugoslavian 
government and the Kosovar Albani- 
ans is what is needed at this time. In 
addition, Reimer called for the 
United States to support voices for 
peace within Yugoslavia, while hold- 
ing leaders from every quarter 
responsible for crimes against 
humanity, and in particular the 
crimes of the Milosevic regime 
against the people of Kosovo. 

"The world desperately needs new 
and creative approaches to situations 
like this, which will doubtless con- 
tinue to be a part of our world as we 
enter the next millennium," Reimer 
said. "The United States can take the 
lead in helping fashion these new 
responses to the age-old problems of 
the human family." 

She concluded. "Our denomina- 
tion will be in prayer for the victims 
of the contlict and for the leaders of 
the nations involved. We have also 
begun to provide humanitarian assis- 
tance for those displaced by the 
conflict. May God grant you the 
strength and vision to act for peace 
in this troubling situation." 

An initial $40,000 was pledged 
early in April toward a Church World 
Service appeal by the Church of the 
Brethren General Board for humani- 
tarian assistance in Yugoslavia, then 
on April 20 another $100,000 was 
added as the dimensions of the 
tragedy became apparent (see box). 

The General Board's Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries also 
anticipates sending thousands of 
care kits to refugee centers. Assem- 
bled baby kits, clean-up kits, and 

May 1999 Messenger 7 


health kits can be sent to the New 
Windsor Service Center (601 Main 
Street, New Windsor, MD 21 776). 
For a description of the contents of 
the kits, contact |ane Bankert at 410- 

The General Board is encouraging 
Brethren and others to communicate 
their concerns about the Yugoslavia 
situation to the US government . 
Vigils or other forms of protest are 
encouraged to be carried out in 
public places. 

Brethren Volunteer Service has had 
volunteers in the Balkans since 1992, 
working toward longer-term solu- 
tions to the conflict there. Their work 
has been in the areas of peace and 
justice, human rights, youth, and 
women's organizations. 

"NATO attacks are one of the 
worst things that could have been 
done in this situation," according to 
one current volunteer in the region. 
"The bombing campaign has effec- 
tively squashed all opposition to 
Milosevic within Yugoslavia, esca- 
lated the pace of ethnic cleansing, 
and caused even opponents of the 
regime to rally in support of the 
Yugoslav government." 

According to BVS director Dan 
McFadden, there are no BVSers in 
immediate danger, but the BVS office 
is monitoring the situation closely. 

Brethren eyeglasses provide 
restored vision in El Salvador 

A poignant, memorable moment at 
last year's National Youth Confer- 
ence came during one worship 
service when thousands of partici- 
pants donated 4,700 outdated 
eyeglasses that would be cleaned, 
itemized, and sent to Central Amer- 
ica for reuse. 

A subsequent collection campaign 
brought in about 2,000 additional 
pairs. Bill Brinker, a physician for an 
Ohio-based agency that provides eye 
care "for the underserved," in Febru- 
ary traveled with a team to El 
Salvador. There they cared for over 
5,600 patients and performed over 
150 operations. More than 4,800 

pairs of glasses were prescribed, 
many of them from the two Brethren 

In a letter to Chris Douglas, coor- 
dinator of Youth/Young Adult 
Ministries for the Church of the 
Brethren General Board, Brinker 
said he'd welcome Brethren eye care 
physicians or general helpers on his 
next trip. 

"If you collect any more glasses 
please remember us because we 
never have enough," Brinker added. 
Contact Douglas at 800-323-8039 

Manchester graduation 
pledge spreads nationwide 

As college seniors across the nation 
contemplate life after graduation, for 
some the hunt for a job will mean 
searching for companies or organiza- 
tions that are environmentally 
sensitive, don't discriminate, and 
create a friendly work atmosphere. 
These are students who support the 
Graduation Pledge Alliance, a 
nationwide effort that has been based 
at Manchester College, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

This voluntary pledge states: "I 
pledge to explore and take into 
account the social and environmental 
consequences of any job I consider or 
any organization for which I work." 

About 60 percent of Manchester's 
graduates have taken the pledge 
since 1988, wearing green ribbons 
during commencement as a show of 
support. Manchester College sup- 
porters also receive a wallet-size card 
and a certificate. 

Other schools that have expressed 
support for the pledge include Barry 
University, Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary, Denison University, Earlham 
College, Georgia College, Georgia 
College and State University, Goshen 
College, Humboldt State University, 
Indiana University, Purdue Univer- 
sity-Fort Wayne, Luther College, 
Madonna University, Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, Olivet Col- 
lege, University of Kansas, University 
of Maryland, University College, Uni- 
versity of Notre Dame, University of 
Oregon, and Whitman College. 

National Council trains black 
family parenting consultants 

In March the National Council of 
Churches concluded its first step at 
trying to strengthen black families for 
the new millennium as it "graduated" 
25 Black Family Parenting consultants 
in Atlanta. The first training segment 
for this group was in February in 
Atlanta. The training drew on faith 
resources and on the history and 
strengths of the black family. 

These consultants are committed 
to recruiting at least two churches to 
provide at least two Parenting Semi- 
nars apiece during the coming year. 
Meanwhile, a second group of 25 
consultants will train in May and 
|une in Nashville. 

The Effective Black Parenting ini- 
tiative is made possible by a 
$134,760 grant from Lilly Endow- 
ment Inc. It is being conducted by 
the NCC's Office of Family Min- 
istries and Human Sexuality in 
cooperation with 10 denominations, 
including historic African American 
churches and other denominations 
with significant African American 

La Verne church presents 
opera by Brethren composer 

St. Indus Passion, a contemporary 
opera that explores the relationship 
between |esus and |udas, was pre- 
sented in a condensed concert 
version March 28 at La Verne 
(CaliL) Church of the Brethren. The 
performance, attended by over 800 
people, was sponsored by six La 
Verne/San Dimas community 

The three-act opera was composed 
by Steve Engle in 1 972 in three 
weeks, after he was denied permis- 
sion to produce lesus Christ 
Superstar. Engle, now minister of 
music at Stone Church of the 
Brethren, Huntingdon, Pa., was the 
music director of the La Verne 
church from 1975 until 1986. Engle 
returned to La Verne to direct the 
March performance that included 
soloists, a choir, and a 28-piece 


Simple Treasures 

A pipe organ 300 years old, one of the oldest playable 
organs in North America. The first Brethren hyninbook, 
1720. An 1833 New Testament handed down by the 
■-- C A^'-^ parents of Sarah Righter Major, the first 
Brethren woman preacher. Souvenir 
glasses, baggage tags, 
meal tickets: mementos of 
Annual Meetings a century ago. A 
spiritual icon, a gift to the Brethren 
fiom the Russian Orthodox Church at 
the height of the 1960s cold war. 

These are treasures of your church, 
heirlooms of a pilgrim people. Treasures 
that span three centuries of the 
Brethren journey. Simple treasures that 
tell profound stories. 

And there's more. Alexander Mack Sr. 's 

hymn "Count Well the Cost." A 
hundred hymns penned in prison 
by the Solingen Brethren. The 


deed to the Germantown 
property bearing the 
signature of Alexander 
Mack Jr. The tombstone of 
Christopher Sauer. A letter 
by Civil War circuit rider 

John Kline. The largest book printed 
in the American colonies. 

These memorabilia aiuait you in 
the Brethren Historical Library and 
Archives. A collection oj research 
documents and geneological leads, but 
more than that: A place where the 
Brethren story coynes alive. 

Come visit us during the General 
Offices Open House June 27-28, noon 
to 4 p.m., and June 29, 10 a.m. till 
noon. Come, see, hear. If;;:.*"*""' '.:Af/ 

and be touched aneiv by 
the Brethren story. 

Brethren Historical Library and Archives 

Church of the Brethren General Offices, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120 


The Four Horsemen of the 

Apocolypse/ra»7 a 14th- 

centurv woodcut. 

The living end — A conference on eschatology 

A national conference on apocalypticism and millennial- 
ism will be held at Bluffton (Ohio) College Aug. 8- 1 0. 
"Apocalypticism and Millennialism: Shaping a Believer's 
Church Eschatology for the 21st Century" is one in a 
series of believers church conferences that were started by 
Don Durnbaugh, Church of the Brethren historian, and 
)ohn Howard Yoder. 

Keynote speakers will include Paul Boyer of the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin and author of When Time Shall Be no 
More, and lames VanderKam of the University of Notre 
Dame, author of The Dead Sea Scrolls Today. Previous 
conferences have dealt with the theological issues of partic- 
ular interest to the broad believers church tradition, which 
includes the Church of the Brethren. Contact Loren Johns 
atjohnslCf/' or at 419-358-3280. 

Organizing for peace in Kosovo 

Sojourners has announced the availability of a new resource 
for Christians and others concerned about the growing vio- 
lence in Serbia and Kosovo — "Christians in Solidarity with 
the People of Kosovo: A Kosovo Organizing Packet for the 
This resource includes: 

— How to organize a public witness or demonstration 

— How to promote peace through a letter-writing 

— How to aid victims of war through church relief 

— How to incorporate prayers for Kosovo into 

— Editorials on the conflict in Kosovo and a Balkan 
primer for educating people on the region. 

"Christians around the country are asking for ways to 
stop the war in Serbia and for ways to help the victims of 
Milosevic and NATO's violence," says Rose Marie Berger, 

assistant editor at Sojourners. "This organizing packet 
gives churches tools for action." 

The packet is available through the Sojourners Web site 
at or by calling Sojourners at 800- 

Preaching, plumbing, and bivocational ministry 

Preaching. Planning, and Plumbing: The Implications of 
Bivocational Ministry for the Church and for You, written by 
Steve Clapp, Ron Finney, and Angela Zimmerman, is now 
available from Brethren Press. This 128-page book, jointly 
published by Christian Community and the Brethren Acad- 
emy, will guide clergy and lay people who are seeking to 
better understand their spiritual gifts and the ministries to 
which they have been called. Included are a spiritual gifts 
assessment and a guide to discerning God's call to ministry 
in the church and in secular work. A 1 3 -week discussion 
guide is included. Cost is $ 1 1 .00. Write 
brethren_press_gb(«' or call 800-441-5712. 

Getting the full story of Civilian Public Service 

A video and four books about Civilian Public Service and 
peacemakers are available from National Interreligious 
Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO). 
The CPS documentary video covers 1 943-1945. Books 
include a directory of all CPS participants; Exercise of 
Conscience, which details the CPS experience; Peace Was 
in Their Hearts, a comprehensive narrative distilled from 
questionnaires filled out by CPSers 50 years ago; The 
Turning Point, which describes "how men of conscience 
brought major change in the care of America's mentally 
ill"; and To the Beat of a Different Drummer, which 
focuses on the maturation of a World War II conscien- 
tious objector as seen through letters, home stories, and 
world events. 
Write nisbco(a.' or call 202-483-2220. 

10 Messenger May 1999 

Design a nevir mascot 
for ClearViemrSearch" 

A contest for 

Church of the Brethren artists 

7th grade through college 

We need your help to design a 
friendly mascot that will help fun- 
loving Web surfers, young and old, 
to navigate the Internet while using 

Win a computer 

for yourself and a 

year's free Internet access 

for your church 

Learn more about our unique search engine. 
Log on to 
and join the fun. 

The only search engine to be used on 
ClearViewNet™ , the new Internet portal 
developed by Church of the Brethren Benefit 
Trust, ClearViewSearch helps individuals of 
all ages to surf the Internet without being 
bombarded by offensive content. 

Entries will be judged by age group. Winning entries will 
be selected on originality and how well the mascot 
represents ClearViewSearch. 

The winner from each age group will win an official 
ClearViewNet T-shirt. The grand prize winner from among 
all age groups will win a computer. The winner's church 
will be awarded one year's free Internet access service 
from ClearViewNet. 

ClearViewSearch reserves the right to edit the 
winning entry for use on the Internet. 

Contest Rules 

Subnnit your entry on 8 1/2 x 11 inch paper. 
Each entry must include: 

• a completed entry form 

• a drawing of the mascot in color 

• the mascot's name 

• one or more paragraphs describing why 
your mascot would be a good companion 
for kids surfing the World Wide Web. 

The mascot can be an animal, a person, or 
a thing (real or imagined) in action anything 
from hiking up a mountain to surfing the Web. 

For an entry blank or more information, 
ask your pastor or call 800-250-5757. 
The deadline for entries is June 1, 1999. 

Send to: 

Mascot Contest 

1505 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, Illinois 60120 



Developed by Church of the Brethren Benefit Trust for 
individuals of all ages and faith communities. 


Grace to touch the dream 

The luminous life of Ken Morse 

BY Howard E. Royer 

O grant us gmce to reach, to gii'e, 
To touch the dream by which we live. 

—Hymnjl: A Worship Book, #130 

Kenneth I. Morse was a journahst, an 
editor, a poet, a hymnwriter, a story- 
teller. But he was something more to the 
Church of the Brethren than any or all 
of these roles. For half a century he was 
its spiritual mentor. 

How better to move the church family than to write 
the songs that inspire, define, and energize its mem- 
bers. How better to illumine the human and social 
dilemmas of the day than by mining the richness of 
biblical treasure. How better to keep alive the vision of 
faith — personal and corporate — than by glorifying 
God and seeking "grace to reach, to give / to touch 
the dream by which we live." 

Writing was Ken's primary vocation, his primary 
passion. Yet, much as he loved the printed word, what 
elated him most was to see the words he had written 
leap off the page into song, into such hymns as "Move 
in Our Midst," "For We Are Strangers No More," 
"Brothers and Sisters of Mine," and translation of the 
French text, "Praise, I Will Praise You, Lord." 

In recent years, even in recent weeks, Ken's wife, 
Marjorie, would give me a call and say, "Ken wants to 
send you some of his writings." Sometimes they were 
forthcoming but of late, more often not. What was 
clear was Ken's incessant drive, up to the last, to give 
voice to what was in his head and heart and soul. 

Wheelchair-bound in his 80s and experiencing 
Parkinson's disease, increasing deafness and barely 
audible speech. Ken persisted to craft the art of story- 
telling. One outcome is the Brethren Press work 
Preaching in a Tavern and 129 Otiier Surprising Sto- 
ries froni Bretliren Life, published in 1997. 

In the usual order of things, journalists are rarely 
poets and poets rarely journalists. The journalist is 
concerned with events, history, facts; the poet, with 
feelings. But for Ken these were not opposites in dis- 
course. He masterfully brought l<no\i'ing and feeling 

An ordained minister. Ken studied at luniata Col- 
lege, Princeton University, Penn State University, and 
Bethany Theological Seminary. Juniata College con- 
ferred an honorary doctorate on Ken in 1951, at the 
outset of his Messenger years. His career with the 
Church of the Brethren nationally was, loosely speak- 
ing, in multiples of seven — seven years youth editor, 
21 years Messenger editor; seven years book editor; 
seven or so retirement years a part-time volunteer: 

12 Messenger May 1999 


The Morses in the early 1960s {from the front): 
Mary. Ken. Marjorie. Betsy. Paul. Steven. David. 

altogether 43 years of service to the General Board 
and denomination. 

In the 1960s Messenger's editorials and articles 
rankled some readers, as documented by a file of let- 
ters Ken passed on to me when he left the Messenger 
editorship in 1971. There were threats and calls for 
his resignation over the use of Martin Luther King 
[r.'s picture on the cover. There were strident notes 
and canceled subscriptions over coverage of situation 
ethics, draft card burning, gun control, inclusive lan- 
guage, the Russian Orthodox Church, Vietnam, and 
ecumenicity. Ken learned firsthand that not all the 
blood that flows through Brethren veins is tranquil. 

He was an avid scholar in hymnology and history — 
Brethren and ecumenical. He researched Brethren 
beginnings in Europe and spent a five-month leave 
there touching base with Catholic, Orthodox, Taize, and 
Waldensian communities as well as lay academies and 
industrial missions. He is the only Brethren to have 
served on both the 1951 and 1992 hymnal committees. 

In the workplace Ken had a way of affirming what 
was deepest in others, igniting the spark, the hope that 
was within them. He had fruitful engagement with 
many of his peers, but surely one of the most dynamic 
was with Wilbur Brumbaugh. Ken and Wilbur collabo- 
rated on projects for the magazine and curriculum, on 
art and music, and on heritage and belief. One of their 
creations I cherish is a graphic about friendship. Wilbur 
used two abstract figures that seem to meld together in 
illustrating this verse of Ken's: 

We walked together, yoii and I, 

Wherever we wanted to walk 

Without ever ii'hisperim; a word. 

Yet your heart I heard, 

and I caught yoi/ measuring my mind. 

You and I . . . 

We never will discover how 

We understand in silence, 

But \i>e know why. 

Paul M. Robinson, Ken Morse in 1978. reealling 
years together at fitniata and Prineeton. 

For a man in love with words, what respect for the 
place of silence! 

In addressing the Messenger Dinner at the 1978 
Annual Conference, Ken lifted up three visions he 
held for the periodical that he had seen through an 
astounding 928 issues: 

— that Messenger reveal the human side of the 
church, the Good News written on "the pages of 
the human heart," 

— that Messenger be prophetic in declaring the 
hard things that must be said about Christian 
discipleship, and 

— that Messenger be a thing of beauty — "lovely to 
look at, delightful to hold" — giving special place 
to color, design, rhythm, poetry. 

These were not visions that Ken held for Messen- 
ger alone. They were values and dreams he forged for 
family, congregation, and denomination as well. 

Through study of hymnology Ken heralded the Old 
Testament roots of our faith. "Look to the rock from 
which you were hewn, and to the quarry from which 
you were dug," he quoted from Isaiah 5:1. He studied 
the New Testament beginnings of the Christian church 
and its worship patterns. He probed how pietist and 
anabaptist streams both flow into the Brethren mode ol 
worship. And he enumerated some things that have 
changed among the Brethren, the move from meeting- 
house to sanctuary, from farmer preachers to 
professional ministers, from a cappella singing to 
accompanied singing, from spontaneous worship to 
printed order of service, and from extended family to 
a reach for wider community. 

Likewise he identified cherished values that remain: 
hymn-making and hymn-singing, abiding respect for 
the Word, wide lay participation, celebration of com- 
munity, and openness to new understanding. 

Ken was particularly appreciative of the Brethren 
practice of the love feast and the contribution this 
brought to the wider church. Interestingly, in his 
book on worship he seemed moved by this ritual not 



so much for its sacramental aspect as for the meaning 
it bestowed on daily existence: 

One purpose of the (cctwasliiiig is to digntfy every act of 
service and cleansing. One value of the Lord's Supper is to 
liallow every family tueal.And some oftlie richest meaning of 
tlie comnninion are realized wlieii a Christian's whole lifestyle 
becomes a witness to sacrificial giving. 

—Move in Our Midst, 1997, p. 52 

With Ken's death coming over the Easter season as 
it did, many who know his work were reminded of his 
signature poem, "Listen to the Sunrise," and its use 
of scripture, imagery, language, and rhythm. One 
gem in the section on "Walking in the Resurrection" 
contains a line that stands almost as a self-portrait of 
Ken in his last few years: 

He still endures mild crucifi.xions, but he 
spreads eternity wherever he walks. . . . 

Ken deeply loved the church and found joy in 
devoting his life to it. For the Church of the Brethren, 

he keenly anticipated its 300th anniversary in 2008 
and even had sketched a rough blueprint for its com- 
memoration. At the core was the task of restating and 
reaffirming the marks of the Brethren, based on the 
words and examples of |esus. 

Beyond writer and historian, editor and hymnist, 
storyteller and theologian, there was Ken the com- 
panion of Marge for 57 years, and Ken the father of 
five and grandfather of eight and great-grandfather of 
one, and Ken the friend and neighbor. In all facets he 
exuded a luminous quality, a testament to Brethren 
spirituality, a personification of the Hebrew word 
hesed — loving-kindness. Simplicity, compassion, and 
grace shone through him and from him. 

Thanks be to God for Ken Morse, a mentor whose 
spiritual gifts will long move in our midst and nnr 
kindle our hearts. l '- 

Howard Rover and Kenneth Morse were coworkers in Gen- 
eral Board communication for 25 years. Each served as 
youth editor and Messenger ediVor. Royer shared the 
essettce of this article at Ken's memorial service on April 9 in 
North Manchester, Ind. 

14 Messenger May 1999 

I ^ g ^ o -. ^^ 

Collaborators: Perry Huffaker, composer, and 
Ken Morse, writer, of "Move in Our Midst. " 

Hymn favorites by Ken Morse 

Move in Our Midst 

This widely loved hymn was introduced in The Brethren Hymnal in 1951. Kenneth Morse wrote the 
first two stanzas in 1941 at Camp Harmony in western Pennsylvania; the second two stanzas were 
commissioned several years later when the song was chosen for the 1951 hymnal. 

The tune Pine Glen was named for the church where Perry Huffaker was pastor at the time. 
Since its introduction to the Mennonites in the 1992 Hymnal, the song has become a growing 
favorite in that community. It is also heralded in many other ecumenical settings. 

For We Are Strangers No More 

Both the hymn and its music were written for a slide presentation of the World Ministries Commission 
in the 1970s. Dianne Huffman Morningstar was invited by Ken Morse to provide the musical setting. 
Her goal, she writes, was "to celebrate the joy of unity and oneness not only among our brothers and 
sisters in the Church of the Brethren, but throughout a far-reaching, singing community." 

Brothers and Sisters of Mine 

This text was written in the 1 970s when Ken Morse was book editor for Brethren Press. The straight- 
forward, unison melody by Wilbur E. Brumbaugh complements the text's unadorned admission of 
complacency. The song underscores the Church of the Brethren history of compassion and service. 

Praise, I Will Praise You, Lord 

This simple yet moving song was introduced to Hymnal: A Worship Book by the Plow Creek Mennon- 
ite Community, Tiskilwa, III. Ken Morse, a member of the text committee, provided the translation. 
The song was written in the high Alps during a tour by the Troubadours of Hope in 1975. Claude 
Fraysse created it as a devotional based on Psalm 9: 1 -2, and the group adopted it as an expression of 
praise. Very quickly churches throughout Europe began singing the hymn and it has since been trans- 
lated into many languages. 

— Adapted from Hymnal Companion, © 1 996 by Brethren Press, Faith & Life Press, and Mennonite Publishing House. 

Mav 1999 Messenger 15 

A theologiaii on KoSOVO 

What is the response of nonviolence? 

Farrar Walter 


Walter Wink is a renowned theologian and biblical scholar, and a leading 
theological voice for the cause of nonviolence. He lives in Sandisfield, 
Mass., and is professor of biblical interpretation at Auburn Theological 
Seminary in New York City. His most recent book. The Powers That Be: 
Theology for a New Millennium (Doubleday, 1998), explodes the myth that 
violence can be redemptive. 

After NATO bombs began falling in the former Yugoslavia, Messenger 
asked Wink, as an advocate of nonviolence, to be interviewed on his per- 
spective. Somewhat reluctantly, he agreed. The interview, by Fletcher 
Farrar, took place on April 1 0, the 1 7th day of the bombing campaign. 

FWhat IS the Christian 
response, the nonviolent 
response, to the tragedy that is 
unfolding in Yugoslavia? 


One of the facts we have to face in 
the whole history of Yugoslavian 
conflicts, going back to the trouble in 
Croatia and in Bosnia, is that nonvi- 
olence has not shown itself to be a 
very effective means of stopping the 
conflicts once they've begun. 

A group of leaders from all the dif- 
ferent nondenominational peace 
groups got together early in the 
Bosnia conflict and tried to come up 
with some strategies that might work 
in that area, such as interposition, or 
putting people between the combat- 
ants. So some efforts were made in 
that direction, but they were colossal 
failures. So the first thing that has to 
be said is that we have not done a 
good job at all in trying to figure out 
how to make nonviolence effective in 
areas like Yugoslavia. 

That is not to say that nonviolence is 
not effective. It has been extraordinar- 
ily effective in a number of conflicts in 
the last couple of decades. In fact it 

has been the most effective thing on 
the face of the globe. But there are 
places where it doesn't work. So we 
have to acknowledge that it doesn't 
always work. It's not magical in its 
capacities for success. It does have a 
higher success rate than violence, 
which can never be higher than 50 
percent, because someone always has 
to lose. But we're not doing so well on 
this conflict. 


Does that mean we didn't do it 
well enough? 


Some situations are just tragic, espe- 
cially once violence has become the 
means which people look to and trust 
to extricate them from the situation. 


And then what? Once violence 
starts, violence is the only 




No, violence has clearly not been the 
way in Kosovo. In the period from 
1995 to 1997 the number of casual- 

ties had been quite low. The Serbian 
government killed 14 people and the 
guerrillas killed 28. So there was a 
very low level of hostilities at that 
point. What happened is that the US 
government has entered into this 
conflict without understanding the 
historical situation. We have sided 
with the guerrillas, even though the 
guerrillas moved away from a nonvi- 
olent strategy which was working in 
some ways effectively in Kosovo, 
though certainly not effectively 

The guerrillas initiated acts of vio- 
lence, some against their own 
people, because they thought they 
were collaborators. So these guerril- 
las were no better than Milosevic and 
his crew. But the US government 
decided to side with the guerrillas 
and launch the air war, using threats 
against Milosevic which failed to cow 
him. And now we don't seem to have 
any idea what our goals are. We have 
lost Kosovo, it appears. There are 
hundreds of thousands of refugees in 
the surrounding areas, with no 
future, no possibility of returning, 
cities burned and gutted. It looks as 
if we couldn't have chosen a worse 
path than the one we have chosen. 

1 6 Messenger May 1999 

F Isn't part of the failure of US 
policy thie fact that an air war 
s the only politically acceptable 
vay to intervene here? 


From Vietnam and studies of" WWII 
Dombing, it is clear that bombing 
'/ery seldom has made the people 
A'ho are targeted back down or capit- 
jlate. More often it has strengthened 
people's resolve as they see indis- 
;riminate death raining down from 

.he sky. 


FYet that's becoming US policy, 
to bomb everywhere. What 
lA/ould be a better policy? 


In a place like Yugoslavia, with a 
long history of conflict, I'm not sure. 
What is clear is that the scenes of 
what people are calling genocide did 
not happen until the guerrillas in 
Kosovo had mounted their offense 
and had succeeded in imposing 
themselves on large parts of Kosovo, 
so that the Serbian government 
sensed that they were losing control 
of the country altogether. What hap- 
pened here is that Kosovo had 
previously had autonomy, which 
Milosevic had not honored. They had 
been severely repressed by Milosevic, 
no question about that. But it wasn't 
until these guerrillas in Kosovo 
mounted their aggression that the 
kind of vicious response by the Serbs 
took place. And the guerrillas in 
Kosovo had changed the demand 
from autonomy to independence. 
They themselves weren't able to 
agree on this and there was a split in 
the guerrilla movement itself. 

It does appear that maybe this 
whole situation might have been 
dealt with better by leaving the 
people involved to deal with it them- 
selves. As a country we would like to 
be able to intervene to help people 

who are being oppressed, but we 
don't sometimes understand the his- 
torical situation well enough to really 
know who is the oppressor and who 
is the oppressed. 

FBut it's almost impossible for 
the US to do nothing. Would it 
be possible for the US to organize 
a massive nonviolent intervention? 


There was a considerable amount of 
nonviolent activity going on in 
Kosovo before the guerrillas put the 
situation on a totally different foot- 
ing. In November of 1988 miners 
walked for five days from one city to 
another and back in a demonstra- 
tion. In 1989 1,200 miners stayed 
deep underground in their shafts on 
a nine-day hunger strike to try to get 
reinstatement of provincial leaders. 
And there were mass gatherings 
under the slogan "For Democracy, 
Against Violence." 

There have been Days of Sorrow 
after police killings, when for two- 
hour periods cars would honk and 
factory whistles would sound. There 
have been times for public silence, 
other times for switching off lights, 
and other times for banging pots and 
pans at the start of curfew, and other 
times for putting candles in the win- 

Most interesting was the attempt to 
create a parallel government that 
would operate despite Milosevic, 
who had closed the schools. This 
parallel government set up schools 
that met in homes and empty build- 
ings. The teachers weren't even paid 
for quite a while. Later on they set 
up a system of voluntary taxation to 
pay for the teachers. And in 1997- 
98, student demonstrators, despite 
severe repression, succeeded in get- 
ting the universities reopened. The 
Kosovars really did use nonviolence. 

But at a certain stage the feeling 
grew that it wasn't effective enough. 

that they were not achieving their 
goals, so the guerrillas launched 
their struggle. And that has turned 
out to be a tragic mistake. 

FSo this was a crucible of non- 
violence. The international 
community could have supported 
those efforts instead of supporting 
the people who broke ranks and 
started violence. 


The situation in Kosovo was ripe for 
nonviolent struggle for the simple 
reason that the Kosovars outnum- 
bered the Serbs 9 to 1 . Ninety 
percent of the Kosovars are Alban- 
ian. That meant they had the 
numbers to launch massive forms of 
nonviolent struggle, like a general 
strike, which might have made it 
impossible for the Serbs to govern 
the country and made the Serbs 
more amenable to some sort of com- 
promise. We don't know if that 
would have worked or not. What we 
do know, with hindsight, is that the 
course that has been taken, which is 
the course of violence, has been 
absolutely catastrophic for Kosovo. 

Fit seems that when violence 
doesn't work, people get more 


The other thing that is noteworthy is 
how incredibly ineffective the mili- 
tary people have been in trying to 
carry out this violent response in 
Kosovo. They're running low on 
cruise missiles: they didn't seem to 
anticipate the need for Apache heli- 
copters. It appears that they thought 
that merely rattling their swords 
would bring Milosevic to his knees. 
The mistake we keep making over 
and over and over again is the belief 
that because we have superior 
strength we can simply bully people 

May 1999Messkngf,r17 

into acquiescence to our desires. 
People don't operate tiiat way. Wiien 
they're bullied, they stand up, even if 
they have almost no chance of pre- 
vailing. It is part of human pride. 

FWhat would have been the 
better course? Is doing noth- 
ing the only alternative to military 
intervention on the part of the 
United States? 

effectively, whether violently or non- 


(Pause.) Unfortunately there proba- 
bly are situations where the wise 
thing to do is to do nothing. We have 
a very poor understanding of that 
part of the world. That has led us to 
miscalculations over and over again. 
The hardest thing in the world for 
Americans is to accept the idea that 
there is nothing we can do. A part of 
the illusion of our power is that we 
are possessed by the belief that we 
can prevail on any subject we put our 
minds to. That simply isn't the case. 
We don't have that kind of sovereign 
power. Part of our problem is a 
major misunderstanding of the 
nature of power. We understand it as 
something to be imposed on other 

Nonviolence has another under- 
standing of power. But the point at 
which we in the nonviolent commu- 
nity have failed is that we too have 
been unable to come up with alterna- 
tive strategies for dealing with these 
kinds of situations. 


And you don't have any to 

If we had not backed guerrillas and 
had chosen instead to encourage the 
kind of nonviolent efforts that were 
being made, it's possible that the 
kind of bloodshed, and wholesale 
slaughter, and rape, and burning of 
cities that has eventuated might have 
been averted. But we just don't 
know. I think it's important to keep 
saying that there are situations in 
history which are simply tragic, 
where we are not able to intervene 


But we can make matters 

We did make matters worse by not 
accepting the fact that we are not 

FWhat scriptures come to 
mind"^ How would we relate 
God to this situation? 

One that comes immediately to mind 
is lesus weeping over Jerusalem: "If 
you had only recognized the things 
that make for peace." 


Would Jerusalem be the 
United States'? 


I think Kosovo and Serbia are the 
primary actors here. They certainly 
haven't been able to live peacefully 
with their own people, and that's the 
tragedy behind everything else that 
has happened. We have tried to come 
in there and impose peace by force. 
The moment we do that, the more 
these groups become ethnically iden- 
tified and the more impossible it is to 
envision any kind of future in which 
they could live together peacefully 
with other ethnic groups. The hatred 
which has come out of all this con- 
flict is a legacy that will now persist 
for years, decades, centuries to 

FDoes any scripture besides 
Jesus weeping over 
Jerusalem come to mind? 


Jesus' statements about loving the 
enemy are the ultimate challenge to 
that whole region. Until that hap- 
pens, there is no future for the 
former Yugoslavia. Jesus' teachings 
about turning the other cheek would 

certainly be appropriate. But the 
moment for those who had that kind 
of response seems to have passed. 

Fl keep trying to get you to be 
more activist. The message thai 
I've gotten from your books is that 
nonviolence is not a passive thing. It 
needs to be active, and I am sur- 
prised to hear you say that there is a 
time when all hope is lost for nonvio- 
lence. What do we do now? 


(Laughs.) You can see why I was 
reluctant to be interviewed. I think 
we have to be aware that the belief 
that there always has to be somethinj 
we can do is not so much a biblical 
attitude as an American attitude. 

The Bible is in many ways a tragic 
book as well as being a book full of 
hope. When the prophets preached 
doom on Israel there was sometimes 
a clause that said if you will repent 
and do right God will restore you. 
But in other cases it was, "This is it, 
folks." And that's the kind of apoca- 
lyptic scenario I see unfolding in 
Kosovo. It is in Mark 1 3 and the 
Book of Revelation. If you want 
some scriptures, those are the ones 
that are unfolding. But they're not 
prescriptive. They don't say get out 
and do something. This is a situatior 
where the prophets stand with their 
hands empty and offer nothing . . . 
except the recognition that God is 
still the lord of history. 

What that will mean for the actual 
refugee family in tent Number 1,260 
is not clear. 

FMany people in our country 
don't want to be bothered by 
the situation of people in another 
part of the world. The main priority 
is to keep the US economy running 
and to do nothing to interfere with 
our prosperity. 


I think that's unfair to say in this sit 
uation. There has been a tremendous 
public outpouring of funds and sup- 
port for the refugees and for the 

18 Messenger May 1999 

)eopIe who are suffering as a result 
)f the Serbian offensive in Kosovo. It 
s an amazingly warmhearted 
■esponse. We see these terrible 
icenes on television, and our hearts 
|o out to these folks who are going 
hrough such horrendous experi- 
;nces. We wonder what it would be 
ike to be in their shoes. 

There is such good-heartedness in 
Americans, that maybe our biggest 
oroblem is that we want so desper- 
itely to make everything okay. We 
lon't want people to be in tents. We 
vant them to be happy and in their 
romes. Surely there's something we 
;an do to stop what is happening. 
Surely if we just bomb them a little 
jit, that will make the government 
repent. But when that doesn't 
lappen we say, "Well, we'll bomb 
;hem a little harder. Then they'll 
-epent. And we'll bring in Apache 
lelicopters, then they'll repent. Next 
ive'U bring in ground troops, then 
they'll repent." 

There is this ominous series of 
efrains in the book of Revelation 
Where all these plagues are visited on 
the earth. After each one it says, "But 
they would not repent." I think we 
are seeing that in the response of 
Milosevic. He is not going to repent. 


I wonder if we in America 
need to repent as well. 


1 think we do need to repent for our 
dependence on force and power. I 
think it is well-meaning, which is 
what makes it even more difficult to 
ideal with. We really would like to 
help these people. We are horrified 
by what we see the Serbian govern- 
ment doing. But what we haven't 
learned yet is how to prepare our- 
selves in a national sense for 
nonviolent kinds of responses. Even 
if they wouldn't solve the problem, 
they certainly wouldn't escalate the 
violent response that seems to be the 
typical scenario. 

Qls there a possibility the US will 
learn the limits of its power by 
the failure of this situation? 


That's a very open question. We are 
the only empire left in the world. 
We're different from most empires in 
the sense that Americans don't want 
to think that we're an empire. We 
don't want to accept the responsibili- 
ties of empire, and the difficulties. 
The biggest problem with empires is 
that they have too much power and 
they don't know how to act in limited 
ways. Empires are almost defined by 
their capacity to impose their will on 
others. As long as we have so much 
power, 1 think it's almost inevitable 
that we're going to misuse it. 

It's not impossible for us to learn, 
but it would be very difficult because 
of the tradition of violence. 1 call it 
the myth of redemptive violence. We 
really believe that violence saves. As 
long as the mythology that violence 
is what is going to get us out of this 
jam continues to be the dominant 
perspective of the American people, 
it's going to be hard for this govern- 
ment and its people to learn from 
these situations. People still say that 
if Congress had given us more troops 
we could have won in Vietnam. 
That's absurd. But it's part of the 
mythology that violence saves, and if 
you don't win it's because you didn't 
use enough violence. 

Fl wonder if churches ought to 
orient themselves more to the 
global situation, now that the globe 
is shrinking. 

As I travel about speaking to dif- 
ferent groups, one of the things that 
I've encountered is a loss of the cen- 
trality of the peace witness that these 
churches have carried over the years. 
Yet it has never been more timely. 



But you've said the peace 
churches have been too pas- 



There is a very important role for the 
churches to play in the world situa- 
tion. And 1 think the Church of the 
Brethren is one of the chief instru- 
ments in that. I think there is nothing 
more important that the Church of 
the Brethren, or the Quakers, or the 
Mennonites, could be doing right 
now, than to be proclaiming the 
gospel of nonviolence as integral to 
and central to the message of |esus. 
This is a long-range work. But you 
already have a long history of that 
kind of work. 

I think they have been too passive. 
We have to have much more aggres- 
sive, even coercive, kinds of 
nonviolent direct action. 

But even though I have sounded 
negative and unhopeful in the dis- 
cussion we've had, on the whole 
nonviolence has been extraordinarily 
successful in the last two decades. It 
is the only thing that is working. In 
1 989 and 1 990 alone, 1 3 nations 
underwent nonviolent revolutions 
and all were successful except China. 
That involved 1 .7 billion people, a 
third of the human race. 

If you add in all the other nonvio- 
lent struggles of this century, 
two-thirds of the human race has 
been involved in nonviolent struggles 
and they have almost all been suc- 

Our failure to be able to apply non- 
violent direct action to the situation 
in Yugoslavia should not blind us to 
the tremendous success it has had in 
the last few years. 

David Dellinger remarked once that 
we're in the situation with nonviolence 
that Edison and Marconi were with 
electricity. They knew they had a 
tremendous power in their hands but 
they didn't know exactly how to use it. 
That's where we are with nonviolence. 
We have been very successful in using it 
in struggles for freedom. 

So it is a very exciting time to be 
alive, a very exciting time to be trying 
to figure out how to apply nonvio- 
lence to all the kinds of injustices we 
face in the world today. 1 don't want 
our discussion of Yugoslavia, where 
we don't know what to do, to take 
away from the tremendous success 
stories in so many nations 
around the world. 


Mav 1999 Messenger 1 9 

what to remember for the miUeniiium 

And what to forget 

BY Kenneth L. Gibble 

It won't be long until we find our- 
selves in a new millennium. Soon 
we will know for sure if all the dire 
predictions about the arrival of the 
new millennium will have come to 
pass. The scenarios are scary 
indeed — a stock market crash, total 
financial chaos, power failures 
throwing our cities into utter dark- 
ness, nuclear devices exploding and 
causing death and destruction. 

Now if you really find it necessary 
to worry about such things, I sup- 
pose you should just go ahead and 
worry. But maybe, instead of worry- 
ing about all the terrible things being 
predicted for the year 2000, we 
should use the coming days and 
weeks to reflect prayerfully on the 
ways God has been and will be at 
work in human history and in our 
own lives. 

We can begin by considering the 
words of a prophet. In the book of 

Isaiah, chapter 51, words are 
addressed to the people of God in a 
very difficult situation, lerusalem, 
the holy city, has been overrun by the 
armies of Babylon. The people have 
been taken into exile. There, in a 
strange land, with no temple to wor- 
ship in, with no prospect of returning 
home, God's people are tempted to 
despair. They wonder if God has for- 
gotten them or perhaps rejected 
them forever. If ever a situation 
looked hopeless, this was it. Into this 
desperate situation, the prophet 
announces a message from the Lord. 

Listen to me, you that pursue 
righteousness, you that seek the 
LORD. Look to the rock from 
which you were hewn, and to the 
quarry from which you were dug. 
Look to Abraham your father and 
to Sarah who bore you; for he was 
but one when I called him, but I 
blessed him and made him many 
(Isa. 51:1-2). 

Those words are a message of 
assurance. It's a message that asks a 
despairing people to remember — 
remember what the Lord has done 
for you. Remember the rock from 
which you were hewn, remember 
Abraham and Sarah and how the 
Lord made from them a people to 
love and serve the Lord. 

Remembering isn't very popular 
these days. We are part of a culture 
insatiably fascinated by whatever is 
new and now. A horrible hurricane 
that devastates the people of Central 
America makes the nightly news for 
maybe a week and then is all but for- 
gotten, even though the lives of 
people there will be disrupted for 
years by that disaster. 

But God's people dare not suc- 
cumb to such careless amnesia. We 
are summoned to remember, to 
remember with joy how the Lord's 
hand has guided our spiritual ances- 
tors, to remember with sorrow how 
many times those ancestors failed to 


How God astounded our church this morning 

Last spring the Venice (Fla.) Church of the Brethren was 
faced with an $8,000 deficit. Direct mail letters went out 
to all friends and members. One of the women organized 
a craft show for a hundred vendors twice and brought in 
over $1,000. With help from available members and with 
the yard sale and gifts, the church faced only a $2,000 
deficit in lanuary of this year. But even though so much 
had been done, that was discouraging. 

At the lanuary board meeting, discussion focused on 
what to do. The $1 ,200-per-month rent of the present 
building was a major consideration. Should we look for 
someplace else to meet? But in Venice rent will be high 
and to consider a house fellowship, parking would be a 
problem. Many things were discussed, including renting 

from another church, which would no doubt mean having 
services in the afternoon or evening. Nothing was very 

If you still have the October 1998 Messenger, look at 
the ad inside the front cover. The Friends church is build- 
ing a retirement home, Woodmere at jacaranda, just 
around the curve from our church. Pastor Mary Boyd had 
brought this to our attention when the ad first ran 
because potential members from either Friends or 
Brethren might locate there. As Mary and I talked about 
all this while we were quilting, 1 said, "What about the 
retirement center? They often have a chapel. Maybe it 
could be rented." Well, yes, that had been mentioned, but 
no one knew much about the place as yet. 

At the morning's service in late January when visitors 
were welcomed, a Mrs. Martin introduced herself and her 

20 Messenger May 1999 

bey the Lord's commands. It is 
;ood, it is necessary, to remember. 
But the prophet had another mes- 
age for the people in exile. It was a 
nessage that pointed in a much dif- 
erent direction. Through the 
)rophet, the Lord says this: 

Do not remember the former 
things, or consider the things of 
old. I am about to do a new 
thing; now it springs forth, do you 
not perceive it? I will make a way 
in the wilderness and rivers in the 
desert (Isa. 43:18-19). 

It is true that remembering can be 
i good thing. It is also true that 
•emembering can be a bad thing. 
Remembering can seduce us into a 
lostalgic longing for "the good old 
lays." And, for most of us, the "good 
)ld days" means about 30 years ago, 
vhen life was so much simpler. 

Of course, back then people were 
onging for the real good old days, by 
vhich they meant 30 years before 
:hat! Our remembering tends to be 
selective, a remembering that too 
easily brushes aside all the bad stuff 
we'd rather not deal with. 

Thirty years ago was 1969, when 
bur nation was being torn apart by a 
War in Vietnam, when Americans 
were dying by the thousands and 
Vietnamese were dying by the hun- 

dreds of thousands. Thirty years 
before that was 1939, when Hitler 
was on the move, rounding up the 
lews, invading Poland. 

When you and 1 are tempted to 
romanticize the past, when we find 
ourselves wishing things could be as 
they used to be, then the word of the 
Lord confronts us as it did the people 
of God in exile: "Do not remember the 
former things, or consider the things 
of old. I am about to do a new thing; 
now it springs forth. ..." 

I'm not as young as I used to be. 
Things that are new don't excite me 
as much as they used to. I feel 
threatened by loss of what is familiar, 
comfortable. The new always brings 
with it some heart-racing anxiety. 

God knows about this anxiety. God 
knows we are tempted to hunker 
down and hold on to what we have. 
It seems so much safer to do that. 
But playing it safe cannot be the 
game plan for the people of God. 

There is danger in forgetting what 
we must remember. So as we 
approach a new millennium we must 
remember Abraham and Sarah and 
all the other pioneers of faith who 
did not play it safe but moved for- 
ward faithfully and courageously. 

There is danger in remembering 
what we must forget. So in this last 
year of the 20th century we must 
forget-leave behind-the notion that 

the-way-things-used-to-be is a blue- 
print for the future. God is always 
doing new things: we must ask God 
to help us discern how we can be 
part of those new things. 

There is a member of our church 
who has been in prison for many 
years, serving a life sentence for 
taking the lives of two men in our 
community. On occasion I go to visit 
him. Gary acknowledges that he did 
a terrible thing. I believe the terrible 
thing he did was in large measure a 
result of the terrible things he experi- 
enced in Vietnam. Be that as it may, 
his chances of release from prison 
before he dies are very slim. The last 
time I visited him, I asked him, 
"What keeps you going? Do you still 
have hope?" Gary is a quiet, soft- 
spoken man. He thought for a 
moment and then said, "Yes, I have 
hope. If you don't have hope, you 
might as well pack it in." 

That's right, isn't it? Hope is what 
we need, what God gives us, as we 
enter a new millennium. We cannot 
know with certainty what lies ahead. 
But, as people of faith say, "We do 
not know what the future holds. But 
we do know Who holds the 

Kenneth L. Gibble is pastor of the 
Chanibersburg (Pa.) Church of the 


parents, the Rev. and Mrs. Kenneth Long. Kenneth and 
Grace were at the Rock Run Church of the Brethren, near 
my home in New Paris, Ind., back in the 1950s. I was 
eager to reacquaint with them at the close of the service. 
We had choir practice following the service. When we 
finished. Associate Pastor |im Graybill came up and said 
he had an announcement: He and Pastor Mary had just 
had a meeting with Mrs. Martin, who turned out to be the 
wife of the CEO of the Friends retirement home. Her hus- 
band had sent her to invite the Venice Church of the 
Brethren to be the resident church for the retirement 
center. The chapel is finished and the building project is 
expected to be completed within the year, so we could 
begin there any time. They have have a Friends meeting 
there in the evening, but no one has morning services. 
The administrator felt some of his residents would want a 

more formal preaching service than the Friends generally 
have, and the Church of the Brethren would be more 
closely associated with the Friends than some other 
churches in the community. 

Ouestions tumbled out. Where is it? How soon? How 
much? We formed a circle and prayed a rejoicing prayer and 
some of us shared tissues afterwards. The moment was elec- 
tric when this group was stunned with the act of God and the 
movement of the Holy Spirit among us. Our first meeting in 
their chapel happened one month later. — DoRonn A. Gai i 

Dorothy A. Gall is an associate member of Venice Community 
Church of the Brethren. 

Mlssekglr would like lu publish olhcr short, colorful, humorous or poignanl 
stories of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Mf.sse\ger. 1451 Dundee.Ave.. Elgin. IL 601 20-1694 or e-mail to the editor at 

May 1999Messen(;ik21 

BY Don Booz 

When I attended seminary in the 
late 1970s, pastoral counseling 
was the most popular class. In fact, 
many of my peers would travel to 
other seminaries in the area to attend 
ever more classes about how to per- 
form the much-needed ministry of 
pastoral counseling. Today, the need 
is no less great but the implications 
are far greater. 

Pastoral counseling has built-in 
pitfalls that every pastor should con- 
sider before entering into a 
counseling relationship with a 
parishioner. Of course, not every 
pastor has the time, skill, and energy 
necessary for pastoral counseling. 
Nevertheless, all pastors are, from 
time to time, called upon to do pas- 
toral counseling. What follows is the 
top 1 list of how things can go 
wrong in any pastoral counseling 
relationship with a parishioner: 

1. Relationship never the same. 
When a pastor enters a counseling 
situation with a parishioner, the rela- 
tionship is never the same afterward. 
This is largely due to the intimacy 
inherent in the process. The pastor 
may know things about the parish- 
ioner that no one else knows. 

Furthermore, the parishioner will 
share things with the pastor that, 
though confidential, might cause the 
parishioner to feel ill at ease outside 
the counseling setting. 

2. Is that me? Listening to the ser- 
mons by the pastor may cause the 
parishioner to wonder if the pastor is 
speaking about something he or she 
shared in the counseling session. 
Although the pastor may be saying 
something without regard to the 
counseling session, the parishioner 
sits in the pew wondering if the 
pastor is speaking about what he or 
she shared from past counseling ses- 

3. Lack of skill. Often the pastor 
is providing counseling out of a con- 
cern for meeting the pastoral needs 
of the congregation. However, quite 
often the pastor's skills reflect a lack 
of intensive training to meet the 
varied and demanding needs of the 
parishioners. Furthermore, most 
pastors, even if properly trained at a 
seminary, fail to upgrade their coun- 
seling skills after leaving seminary. 

4. Lack of time. Many pastors do 
not have the time necessary to ade- 
quately provide a ministry of pastoral 
counseling. Pastors also often under- 
estimate the time necessary for 

pastoral counseling to be helpful anc 
effective. Moreover, pastors may 
even come to resent the time being 
demanded for pastoral counseling. 
Pastors sometimes overlook time 
constraints and time management 
skills needed when entering a pas- 
toral counseling role with a 

5. Lack of clear boundaries. Pas- 
tors wear many hats when relating t( 
their parishioners, and pastoral 
counseling is one of many roles. 
Some pastors and parishioners do 
not know when the counseling ses- 
sion begins and ends. Pastors and 
parishioners alike may continue the 
counseling dialog outside the coun- 
seling setting. Pastors are 
particularly vulnerable to offering 
advice when parishioners ask for 
help outside the counseling setting. 

6. Too much information. Pastors 
are often privy to personal informa- 
tion about their parishioners. But 
this is especially true if the pastor is 
in a counseling relationship with a 
parishioner. Whenever a committee 
suggests a person for a particular 
position, the pastor may be placed ir 
an awkward situation. The pastor 
may not know what to say or how 
much to share about the person's 

22 Messenger May 1999 

}ualifications to hold a position in 
he church. 

7. Triangulation. Many pastors in 

I counsehng situation are placed in a 
riangle relationship between the 
)arishioner and others. Without real- 
zing it, the pastor can become 
;motionally triangled between a hus- 
band and wife or a child against the 
Darent. A triangle may also develop 
Jpetween the pastor, the church, and 
:i parishioner. Detriangling or "get- 
ing out of the middle" is a recurring 
Problem for many pastors when they 
;nter the pastoral counseling role. 

8. Power imbalance. When pas- 
oral counseling is completed, the 
Darishioner may feel a sense of grati- 
ude toward the pastor. Because 
nost churches do not reimburse that 
Dastor for pastoral counseling, the 
Darishioner or counselee may want to 
do something for the pastor. The 
oastor may also use and/or abuse 
Such imbalance inappropriately by 
asking the parishioner to hold a posi- 
ion or perform a function in the 

church. This imbalance often goes 
undetected by the pastor and the 

9. Sexuality. It goes without saying 
that pastors and parishioners alike 
are sexual beings. Parishioners may 
bubtly transmit sexual feelings 
toward the pastor and vice versa. 

Pastors often try to ignore such feel- 
ings, but sexual issues are present 
nonetheless. Pastors sometimes 
forget that it is always the pastor's 
responsibility to maintain the trust 
and integrity of pastoral counseling 
despite any sexual attraction. 

10. Messiah complex. By their 
nature and calling, pastors like to be 
helpful. Some pastors see themselves 
as a servant to all people day or night. 
However, not all pastors have the 
skill, time, and energy necessary to do 
adequate pastoral counseling. Even 
worse, some pastors believe they can 
meet most, if not all, the counseling 
needs of their parishioners. 

It is important for all pastors to 
recognize that pastoral counseling 
requires skill, time, and the support 
of the congregation. The congrega- 
tion should participate in this vital 
ministry by providing funds for lia- 
bility insurance coverage. Pastors 
also need additional funds for ongo- 
ing training and to acquire the 
services of a trained supervisor for 
pastoral counseling. 

Pastors need the protection that 
liability insurance gives if they are to 
provide any amount of pastoral 
counseling. Pastors also need the 
supervision, experience, and training 
of someone outside the congregation 
who can help see situations and pat- 

terns that the pastor may not have 
the skill or training to see. My many 
years of pastoral counseling convince 
me that pastors should not do pas- 
toral counseling unless these two 
actions by the church board or exec- 
utive committee are in place. 

The demand for pastoral counsel- 
ing never ceases in the life of a 
congregation. Yet pastors cannot be 
effective pastoral counselors unless 
they become aware of the top 1 
reasons for how things can go wrong 
in a pastoral counseling setting. 
Congregational support and pastoral 
supervision are the two main ingredi- 
ents necessary to help prevent things 
from going wrong. If these two 
ingredients are in place, then most 
pastors can provide an effective iinr\ 
ministry in pastoral counseling. I'^'^i 

Don Booz, pastor of the McPherson 
(Kan.) Church of the Brethren and a 
member of the General Board, has been a 
trainer for "Clergy Misconduct: Sexual 
Abuse in the Ministerial Relationship. " 
This is a program designed by The Center 
for the Prevention of Sexual and Domes- 
tic Violence, and Marie Fortune, who 
wrote the book Not in My Church. For the 
past seven years. Boo: has been training 
churches and districts of various denomi- 
nations about the misuse of power in the 
ministerial role. 


Quiet bravery 

At our best, we Brethren are quietly faithful Christians. 
We tend to shy away from the spotlight and to not crave 
attention and credit. That deep thread in our identity has 
led to a mistaken notion that we are confused about our 
faith and that we have few heroes. On the contrary, 1 
believe that there are many Brethren who are living out 
their calling in courageous and faithful ways. 

When my friend Shirley Kirkwood and 1 were leaving 
the Carbondale Annual Conference in 1 984, we stopped 
just outside the city to "gas up" for the trip home to Vir- 
ginia. That was before the days of self service so, while we 
bought a snack, an attendant filled the gas tank and 
washed the windshield. As we were settling back into the 
car for our long trip, the attendant walked to the window 
and hesitantly asked whether we were part of the group 

, . ^ .. ^.rfmlZ.!^ 1 — 

that called themselves Brethren, which had been meeting 
at the university all week. We replied that we were, and 
that we were on our way home. 

He said, "You know, I've always wanted to meet a 
Brethren. When 1 served in World War II, one of the guys 
in my unit was Brethren. He was a medic; he didn't carry 
a gun. We were in the thick of it, you know, and he was 
everywhere ... I think he got hit, I've never been sure. I 
don't know where he was from. I've always wished I'd 
have gotten to know him better. He was the bravest 
person I've ever known." — Martha S. Barlow 

Martha S. Barlow, of Dayton, Va.. is a member of the General 

Messekcck would like to publish olher short, colorful, humorous or poignant 
stories of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Mf.ssengek. 1451 DundeeAve.. Elgin. IL 601 20-1694 or e-mail to the editor at 


About the photos 

BY James L. Kinsey 

Antelope Valley Church of the Brethren is a growing and active 
rural congregation in north central Oklahoma, outside the 
town of Billings, pop. 750. Some 75 to 85 people worship 
there on Sundays, up from an attendance of about 40 several 
years ago. Gerald Klaus has been pastor there for the past 8 
1/2 years. 

Klaus says the old cliche that the future of the church is in 
its youth is not always true with the rural church, where the 
troubled agricidtural economy cannot keep young parishioners 
from moving away at the first opportunity. "The future of the 
rural church is the unchurched. " he says. Most of the growth 
of the Antelope Valley congregation has come from this group, 
particularly couples in their twenties and thirties. This group 
has formed an enthusiastic Bible study class called Young Dis- 
ciples. Klaus says some of the newcomers had been offended 
by other churches, or their parents had been. Several came 
wanting their children to be raised in a church. "They feel a 
real hunger for the Lord. " 

Small-church financial realities have made it necessary for the 
pastor to have outside employtnent. But Klaus, who does small 
construction jobs, roofing, and painting, as well as agricidtural 
field work, uses the contacts he makes in his outside work to 
draw in outsiders to the church. His backgrowid in agricidture 
helps, too. "I understand their frustrations with prices and the 
weather I know what they're going through. " — the editor 

The fantasy rolls on. "There's a 
church in the valley by the wild- 
wood, a little brown church in the 
vale." That church is seen as a relic 
of the past, a museum of antiques 
that no longer fits the modern work 
Her membership is the butt of jokes 
and horror stories by preachers and 
comedians alike. 

Yet the small membership/rural 
church is the bedrock of the Church 
of the Brethren. On her foundations 
leaders are formed and supported, 
per capita mission funding is strong 
and a language of faith is ingrained 
into the lives of her membership. 

When the Church of the Brethren 
experiences renewal, that renewal 
will come from those working in thi 
bedrock institution. The future of t\ 
church rests on that small member- 
ship body of believers. 

A small membership church is 
defined as having a base of 1 50 mem 
bers or fewer. Some 65 percent of 

24 Messenger May 1999 

A time for children is a highlight of Sunday worship at Antelope Valley. 

Church of the Brethren congregations 
all into that category. There are 
)0,000 of our 1 50,000 members who 
jive out their faith in these groupings. 
\nother 20,000 are in congregations 
?f 200 active members. 

The Church of the Brethren is a 
jmall membership denomination. We 
do our best work in small family 
groupings. The Brethren thrive in 
Family- or pastoral-centered congre- 
gations. We read our Bibles from that 

It is okay to be a small membership 
church. Once we come to terms with 
that fact, once we give up our "large 
size" idolatry, once we see church 
growth as the planting of more 
groups of this same size, the health- 
ier our entire system will become. 
iResources will be developed that fit 
our size. Pastors will be trained who 
know, love, and can work transfor- 
mational ministries within the small 
membership church context. 

This group //■(:)/» the Antelope Valley church traveled many hours to the passion 
play ill Eureka Springs. Ark. 

Shannon Jung, Pegge Boehm, 
Deborah Cronin, Gary Farley, C. 
Dean Freudenberger, Judith Bortner 
Heffernan, Sandra LeBlanc, Edward 
L. Queen II, and David Ruesink have 
team-written a helpful book entitled: 
Rural Ministry: The Shape of 
Renewal to Come (Abingdon Press 

Rural Ministry is a primer that 
every pastor in the Church of the 
Brethren should read. The book is 

overtly optimistic. The authors love 
and appreciate the small member- 
ship/rural congregation. 

Rural Ministry opens with a review 
of rural America. For these authors, 
"rural" is a mind-set, not a geo- 
graphical location. Inner-city 
groupings can be as rural-minded as 
congregations in the wheat lands of 
North Dakota. Rural groups are 
family systems that hold values in 
common for the sake of future gen- 

May 1999 Messencen 25 

erations. Relationships 
are primary. The Bible is 
understood in terms of 
family systems and rela- 

The authors take us on 
a journey of understand- 
ing. The first stop is to 
find where your congre- 
gation is located in the 
American landscape and 
what challenges that 
location faces. Congre- 
gations located adjacent 
to a large town or city 
will have a different set 
of values and modes of 
living together than the 
same-sized congregation 
that is 20 miles or more 
from that same city. 
Reviewing your geo- 
graphical location will 
assist you in understand- 
ing how your church 
family works. Each con- 
gregation is unique but, 
at the same time, similar 
to others in the same 
sociological and political 

The second stop takes 
a look at emerging issues 
that face the small mem- 
bership/rural church. We 
all are moving from the 
"little brown church" to 
cyberspace, whether we 
like it or not. The world 
"out there" is changing 
our perceptions of the 
people we live with and 
the way we go about our 
daily lives. Economics of 
any area deeply affect the 
nature of the church family. Popula- 
tion trends determine our futures and 
the people with whom we will work. 
Even in the farm business, satellite 
systems show us the world markets, 
when and where to sell or buy, and the 

An Easter Sunday school party in the church basement, 
siirpervised by Karen Klaus. 

An active and growing class of young adults who call 
"Young Disciples" meets for Bible study in the home 
Gerald Klaus. 

news around the world that will affect 
next year's crops. We are pushed to 
think and work globally. 

Some people moving into our com- 
munities are there not because of job 
relocation but to live out a "rural 

lifestyle." They see the 
church as a "retreat" 
from the high-pressure 
technological world in 
which they live. The 
demand for the "little 
brown church in the 
vale" will frustrate the 
"natives" who want to 
think globally, and mo' 
on into newer technok 
gies and the church lift 
that those technologies 
bring. The authors 
advise not to attack th( 
desire to "retreat." It i: 
better to understand 
why each person is 
stressed and wants 
"retreat." Only then ca 
healing ministries take 
place and a mission 

Rural Ministry then 
asks us to learn the art 
of thinking theologi- 
cally. We are asked to 
develop a theology for 
our congregation. We 
are directed to ask que 
tions such as: "Where 
God working in our 
community?" "Howd( 
we see the God of the 
Bible coming alive in tl 
real world around us?' 
To do this, training the 
ologians is the primary 
pastoral work. 

An example: Rural 
people seem to have a 
very strong belief that 
God is actively present 
in their lives. They 
believe that there is a 
spiritual and moral center in the 
world. The task of the believer is to 
understand and tap into that center 
It is God who holds that center, 
despite the changes that come in ou 
daily lives. 

of Pastor 

26 Messenger May 1999 

Once a theology is 

leveloped from this 

antral belief system, 

hen a re-visioning 

irocess can lead us to 

ee where, how, and 

vhat God wants us to 

lecome as a church 

amily. We are prodded 

b lift up the moral 
'iofharacter of the con- 

;regation and to 

xpand it to speak and 

vork within the global 

The final stop is mis- 
ion planning. No, this 

is not a "how to" with 

nagic wands that do 
anDur work for us. We are 

fiven a process of 

;nabling our member- 

ihip to see "Visioning 
flural Ministry Again 
for the First Time." The 
;ask of the church is to 
put real ministry flesh 
bn the unique institu- 

ions, values, rituals, 
oehaviors, signs, and 
s^ymbols that make up 
j3ach congregation. 
) Since small member- 
lihip and rural s 

ifcongregations are all f 

different from one -g 

another, the task is not 
to come up with a one- 
bize-fits-all fix, but to 
grow the church's mission and min- 
istry around these unique values. For 
pxample, barn-building values (when a 
person has lost home and business 
due to fire or storm) will translate into 
many helping ministries even when 
disasters are personal, such as divorce 
or death. 

We are called on to make the whole 
system work for the generations to 
come, not in content but in process. 
There is a sense that the values that 

Going forth to serve. 

each congregation and community hold 
will remain the same for generations to 
come. Thus, working on ministries that 
lift up those values will influence the 
quality of life for our grandchildren and 
great-grandchildren . 

Rural Ministry is written for folks 
who live in the country or in small 
towns. However, when read for the 
principles of discovery, when read for 
the meat of how to live out transfor- 
mational ministry, it will fit most 

Church of the Brethren 

The time is now to lift 
up our heritage and to 
celebrate it. We lift up 
our story not to hear 
antique tales, nor to 
recreate the "good old 
days." We lift that story 
up to celebrate our 
Anabaptist, barn-raising, 
feetwashing family of 
God. Our niche is to be 
that kind of people for 
the sake of the gospel 
and for the sake of souls 
needing refreshment in 
our world. 

The book closes with 
this question: "How 
would the American 
church appear to the 
local community if, 
instead of presenting a 
small group of people 
intent on institutional 
survival, it was viewed 
as a force for commu- 
nity strength and 
change?" Instead of 
seeing the community 
around the churchhouse 
as a place where people 
and funds can be found 
to keep the doors of the 
church open, that com- 
munity is seen as the 
arena where we reach 
out to share Christ's 
love. That community is the place 
where we hold high our values, shar- 
ing them in profound ministries ~jjr 
of caring and sharing. r^ 

lames L. Kiiisey is district minister/ 
executive for Michigan District and is an 
Area 2 Congregational Life Team member 
He is certified llirongli tiie Texas A&M 
Extension Service as a facilitator for rural 
studies and is a trainer and consultant for 
small membership congregations. 

Mav 1999 Messenger 27 

God gave his son 

Christ gave his life . . . 
unless we give, we die spiritually. 

Give us more on giving 

Thanks lof your arliclc on "Faitlilul 
I'unding"! November]. It is good that 
church budgets are planned once a 
year, which piovides an iiii|ielus ior 
us to examine our rehitionship to our 
resoui-ces. Iloiielully, we will not 
limit such an important subject as 
stewardship to a once-a-yeai' treat- 
ment. Biblical scholars tell us that 
more is written on stewardship than 
any other single subject. 

Siieaking ol biblical subjects, did I 
miss something? In no article did I 
detect any reference to tithing. We 
tend to dismiss it as being piedomi- 
nanlK Okl Testament. But, at a 
minimum, it lar exceeds the I to 5 
peicent that most Brethren give. More 
Brethren giving a tenth would have 
made unnecessai'y a I'cdesign pro- 
gram, and would make possible a far 
gi'cater ministry than we have ever 
envisioned. It would also eliminate the 
need loi' church suiijiers — the money- 
raising kind- auctions, and other 
less -than -biblical actisities. 

Another biblical theme that you 
came close to in your article, but 
seemed to me not to stress, is "the 
basic need of a Christian giver to 
gi\'e." As I understand the New Tes- 
tament, we give not to raise a budget, 
to fund a project, to jiromote a pro- 
gram, nor even to do missions. 
Instead, we give because it is basic to 
our laitli. Ciod gave his son . . . 
Christ ga\e his life . . . unless we 
give, we die spiritually. It is alnuisl 
selfish, but it is the essence of our 
lailh. It is not so much "l-aithl'ul 
I'unding" as it is 'T-'aithlul Giving. " 
Or, in words o[ the Wesleyan tradi- 
tion, "Giving is |iart of the perfecting 
vvoi'k ol God." 

It is obviLUis we need more stew- 

ardship education, more sermons on 
stewardship, and more dedication to 
the Christian faith which makes 
giving just as important as prayer, 
fellowship, service, and communion. 
Thanks, Messenger, for leading the 
way, but don't slop with one month! 

Eugene IJehly 
MePhersoii. Kan. 

Hooked on the Big Meeting 

Having attended 50 consecutive 
Annual Conferences of the Church of 
the Brethren, I will have to confess 
that I'm hooked! 1 show all the symp- 
toms of an addict. It began when I 
was a student at Manchester College 
and witnessed the "delegate" confer- 
ence, which was limited because of 
World War II. It was a lively meeting 
centering on the issue of becoming 
pai't ci( the Federal Council of 
Churclies, the forerunner of the 
National Council of Churches. Inci- 
dentally, the final vote was 690 to 15 
to become a member. 

When I became a pastor I felt 
strongly that a pastor should attend 
conference in order to witness and 
participate firsthand, as well as 
encourage other members of the 

local church to do so. 

Over the years the benefits to me 
and, I believe, to the churches I 
served include: 

• Exposure to church leaders. 
Brethren and others; 

• Growth experiences through thf 
Ministers Association and insigl 
sessions, as well as informal 

• The uplift of great worship and 

• The unifying experience of the 
"Big Meeting." 

Annual Conference was also wher 
the family attended and took vaca- 
tion time to visit dillerent parts of 
the nation and Canada. 

1 have also attended many other 
conferences and workshops and 
know the importance of these. The 
National Older Adult Conference is 
already well established and it is 
great for us "senior" Brethren. But 
trust that it will not be a substitute 
for Annual Conference, which need: 
the input of all segments of the 
Brethren family. It is, after all, the 
place where worldwide plans and 
programs are approved. 

Herbert Fish 
Mountain Grove. M 

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Glendale Church of the Brethren 

Services at Centennial High School 
14388 N. 79th Avenue 
Peoria. AZ Office # (623)587-1911 
Sunday Ser\ ices 10:30 AM 

Phoenix 1st Church of the Brethren 

3609 N. 27th Street 

Phoenix. AZ 850 1 6 (602) 955-8537 

Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 

2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson, AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 

Sunday Services 10;00AM 

Make plans now to attend the 

Messenger Dinner 

at Annual Conference 

"The view from the editor s pew" 

Speaker: Fletcher Farrar, ecditor of M£sse.\ger 
Music by foiksinger Peg Lehman 

luly I, 1999 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

Get acQuainted with Fletcher Farrar, the new editor of Messenger, as he 
describes the excitement he felt on discovering the Church of the Brethren, 
and his obser\'ations on the church after a vear on the staff. 

Singer Peg Lehman has been delighting audiences for years with her songs 
that tell stories, celebrate life, honor family ties, respect the earth, nurture 
tolerance, and promote peace and justice. Her music will touch the hearts of 
Messenger Dinner guests. 

For dinner tickets, call the Annual Conference office at 800-323-8039 or order from advance 
packet order form. Tickets also available in Milwaukee at Annual Conference ticket sales. 

A Mediator's Journe 





"From the outset. The Journey Toward 
Reconciliation by John Paul Lederach is 

punctuated by stories. From the first story 
m the book — which recounts the threats 
to kidnap his daughter because of his 
mediation work in Central America — to 
the last— which tells of Liberian peace- 
maker Samuel Doe who dreams of recon- 
ciliation for his country — the book lives 
and breathes the air of sincerity, struggle, 
and wisdom born of personal 
experience. " — Christian Living 

From real-life stories and the Bible story, 
Lederach finds God seeking reconciliation 
throughout history. F^ere is help for con- 
flicted families, communities, and nations. 

Paper, 204 pages, $10.99; 
in Canada $16.29 

Orders: 1800 759-4447 


New members 

Amwell. N.f.: Beth Glecson, Kelly 
Mozingo, David Palmer, Zina 
Staro&chak, Walter lohnslon. Norma 
iohnston, Michael Miller, LaNell 
Miller, Gary Mozingo, Stacia Nash, 
Paul Kamaras, Michael Simon 

Arcadia, Ind.: Harold Knapp. Ada 
Knapp, Esther Spivey, Fred Knapp, 
Dale Nightenhelser, Beverly 

Arlington, Va.: Larry and Mattie 
Harms, Silena Davis, Matt Cooke. 
Chelsea McCarthy 

Bassett, Va.: [essica Helberl. Russell 
Pack. Daniel Alderman 

Bush Creek, Monrovia. Md.: lames 
Paul, Dianne Paul 

Decatur, III.: Don Lair, Margaret Zea 

Eastwood, Akron, Ohio: Bill Burch, 
Vickie Myers 

Elizabethtown, Pa.: Kevin Engle. Amy 
Engle. Elyse Grol'f. Matthew Heinz, 
Annalie Heinz. Scott Stoutfer 

First, Reading, Pa.: Stephanie Blatl, 
Nicole DeFazio, Arlena Focht, 
Alfredo Guerrero, |eanne Hamilton. 
Kevin Lally, Susan Lally, Barbara 
Sensenig, Richard Sensenig, Sr. 

Friendship, Linthicum. Md.: Robin 
Noyes. |ohn and Mary Campbell, 
Heather Simmons 

Germantown Brick, Rocky Mount. 
Va.: Trudy Plunkett, Michael 
Slarkey, Marilyn Starkey 

Green Tree, Oaks, Pa.: |acklyn Leven- 
good, Sheryl Millard. Ruth Vogt 

Hanover, Pa.: Christine O'Polka 

Highland Ave.. Elgin. III.: Bertie and 
Maurice Angle. Roger and Alice 
Golden, Lee and losie Hickman, 
Ryan Kellerman, Dennis Kingery, 
Vic Kressin. Daniel and Pam Meyer, 
Matt and Virginia Meyer. Cyndi 
Fecher, [ack and Chris Floras. 
Rachel Flores. Paul Teetor. Anna 
Speicher. William Turbylill. Christ- 
ian Velazquez, jell Abbott. Angela 
Chestnut. Steve and Bonnie 
Graham, Scott [ohans, lonalhan 
Keeney. Pam Keller. Betlina Perillo. 
Matthew Rueker. Gerald and Shiriev 

Holiins Road, Roanoke. Va.: Shiriev 

La Verne, Calif.: Bob and Terry Ben- 
nett, Nicki Brandt, Chuck 
Butterfield, Gary Colby. Tracy 
Taylor. Tom Evans, Kristin Thomas. 
Kathryn Bache, Ben Meek, Anna 
Mary Welch, Maren Woodruff 

Lampeter, Pa.: Rick Mylin. Scott 

McGinnis, Amanda Slurdevant, Erin 

Lancaster, Pa.: Rebecca Achenbach, 
Cindy Brown, Mike and April 
Curran, Grover and Gloria Gouker, 
Wayne and Pat judd. David and 
Karen Longenecker, Floyd and |oy 
Montgomery, Nancy Rike. |eff and 
Gale Shirk. Tammy Showalter, Nick 
Siegrist, Shirley Siegrist. Sharon 
Slonaker, Will Stout, Brenda Waga- 

man, Doug and Lisa Witmer. Emmy 
Gene Brenner. Ted Cook, Courtney 
Deihm, Adam Ferguson. Ryan 
Forsha, Erin Kreider. [onilyn Longe- 
necker. lason Mackey, Kristin 
Pugliese, Danielle Tankesley 

Lebanon, Mt. Sidney. Va.: Robert 
Michael, Willma G. Click 

Lebanon, Pa.: Nancy Morris 

Lewiston, Minn: Daniel Glover, Mari- 
lyn Glover, Fran Boekenhauer 

Locust Grove, New Castle, Ind.: Don 
and Shelba Bowne 

Lone Star, Lawrence, Kan.: Carol 
Waisner. Megan Tate, loyce 
Leonard. Mark Leonard 

Long Green Valley, Glen Arm. Md.: 
Bonnie Failin. Laura Hart. Barbara 

Manor, Boonsboro. Md.: Chad Clipp. 
Stephanie Clipp. Angela Clipp. Erica 
Bailey. Dustynn Knight, Dwayne 
Knight, Mark Baker. Ray Shantz. 
Heather Fee, Brian Spielman 

Maple Spring, Eglon. WVa.: Cross 
Kisner, Kenneth and Edith Biser 

Maple Spring, Hollsopple. Pa.: [ohn D. 
and Penny Cable 

Marsh Creek, Gettysburg. Pa.: Dennis 
Dawes. Lisa Dawes, Chrystal Baker. 
Fernando Rivera, Sheena Hay, 
Robert Hay III, Roger Ramos, 
Tammy Nieves-Ramos. Ashlec Mus- 
selman, Leighton McCleaf, Nicholas 

Mountain Valley, Greeneville, Tenn.: 
Erin Gaby. Rachel Gaby, Andrew 

New Enterprise, Pa.: Wendy Sue Sipes. 
Carly Sue Imler. Dennis Brum- 
baugh, Linda Brumbaugh. Alisha 
Brumbaugh. Roger and Sherry 
Wright, Dylan and Britta Snow- 
berger. Bill and Carole Robison. 
Chad and Trisha Miekle. Cindy Sol- 
tenberger, Richard and Patsy 
Clemens. Derrick and Lori Home, 
Randy and leffie Singo, Kim Clap- 
per. Earia Reffner. lack and Betsy 
Brandick, Vergie Kagarise. Kelly 
Gates, Cathy lo Hart 

Pine Creek. North Liberty. Ind.: Tim 
and Amy lagger, leannie Murphy, 
Nils Lamberson, David Replogle. 
Rachael and Amanda Pearson, Mike 
Wolff. |r. 

Pleasant Dale, Decatur. Ind.: Missy 
Landis. Mark Zurcher. Vicki 
Zurcher. Brittany Zurcher 

Reading, Homeworth, Ohio: Carrie 
Bandy, Michael Hill. Howard Knig. 
Allen Mahafee, Brooke Mahafee 

Roaring Spring, Pa.: |im Butler, 

Bonnie Butler, Cindy Shaw. Grethen 
Shaw, Faye Eichelberger, |ohn 
Eichelberger, Mark Coffey, Gail 
Coffey. Adam Bechtel. Maliory 
Burns, Troy Crumrine, Kaylee Davis, 
lohnny Eichelberger, Kristina 
Hamm, Suzanne Hodgson. Noel 
Igou. leffrey Cakes, Rachael Piper. 
Megan Sollenberger. lacob Sullivan, 
Mindy Sullivan, lordan Walters 

Shrewsbury, Pa.: Robert Boykin. Kathy 
Boykin, Daniel Boykin. Samuel 

Spring Creek, Hershey, Pa.: Nicholas 
Breon, Arthur and Mildred Garrison, 
Roy Gesford Ir., Robert Lehman, 
Sylvia Lehman, Kyle Lehman, |acob 
Mellinger-Blouch, Alison Peters, 
Alex Royal, Michelle Thomas. Gre- 
gory and Deanna Waybright 

Woodgrove Parish, Hastings, Mich.: 
Eric Chase, Kristin Chase. Amber 
Chase. Stephanie Buskirk. Tony 
lados. Nicole |ados, Michael Bol- 
huis. Randall Bertrand 


Berkebile, Ronald and loanne. Glen- 
dale. Ariz., 50 

Brunner. David and Barbara, Mon- 
rovia, Md,. 50 

Caldwell, lulius and Betty. Roanoke, 
Va.. 50 

Carlin, lack and Verna, Winona, 
Minn., 50 

Coy, Ray and Miriam, Salem. Ohio, 60 

Eikenberry. |ames and Faith. Covina, 
Calif.. 55 

Ferguson, Wilson and Dorothy, Bas- 
sett, Va.. 50 

Gordcn, Israel and Edwina, Goshen, 
Ind., 71 

Hoffer, Victor and Mabel, Palmyra. Pa., 70 

lordan, Fred and Clara, Salem Va., 70 

Knapp, Harold and Ada, Cicero. Ind.. 65 

Kurtz, Paul and Mary. Lititz. Pa.. 50 

Oshcl, Clifford and Phyllis, Topeka. 
Kan., 50 

Russell, Harry and Maxine. Troy, 
Ohio, 55 

Sauder, Lewis and Dorolhv. Manheim. 
Pa., 55 

Schetrompf, Howard and Rose. 
Everell. Pa., 60 

Shellenberger, Ralph and Betty, Har- 
risburg. Pa.. 50 

Smith. W.H. and Ava. Bassett, Va.. 65 

Studcbaker, Carroll and Rena, Spring- 
field. Ohio. 50 

Underwood, Gilbert and Estelle. 
Bassett. Va., 60 


Alexander, Shirley Mac. 56. Upper 

Tract. W.Va.. Nov. iq 
Armslrong. Guy Sr.. 75. Staunton. Va.. 

Nov, 30 
Atkins, Pauline L.. 67. Bridgewater. 

Va.. Ian. I 
Barb, Anna. 70. Edinburg. Va., Ian. 16 
Beam, Agnes. 94. Mogadorc. Ohio. 

March 3 
Bechlel, Lenora M.. 91. Elkhart, Ind,. 

March 17 
Beck, Hazel. 87. Ml. Vernon, Ohio, 

March 2 
Becker, Kenneth, 74, Elizabethtown, 

Pa,, Nov, 25 
Berry, Flora B., 89, Eden, N.C, March 10 

Berry, Willard L,, 80, Harrisonburg, 

Va,, Feb, 13 
Beutler, Catherine Stuckey, 89. 

Canton, Ohio, Dec, 31 
Blount, Lee, |r,, 72, Roanoke, Va.. 

Nov. 20 
Botkin, Henry |,. 89. Headwaters. Va 

Nov. 29 
Brown, Walter, 84, Elizabethtown, Pe 

May 13, 1998 
Bolton. Willie L.. 93, Harrisonburg, 

Va.. Feb, 9 
Bowers, Lawrence, 91, Bridgewater, V 
Bowman, Harold E., 88, Harrisonbui 

Va.. Dec. 31 
Brownsberger, Aileen Rothrock. 89, ! 

Verne, Calif.. March 24 
Brubaker, Wilmer, 80, Troy, Ohio, 

.March 29 
Chandler, Charles H.. 86, Dayton, Va 

Feb, 13 
Chavis, William (ames, 72, Danville, 

Va,, 72 
Clark, Clair, 58, lohnstown. Pa., |an, 1 
Cline, Freddie W, 47, Edinburg, Va., 

March 7 
Cline, lames D.. 79. Waynesboro, Va. 

Dec, 5 
Coffman, Mary B.. 89, Grottoes, Va,, 

Feb, 15 
Cook, Loyd F, 83. Mount Solon, Va,, 

Nov, 22 
Corbin, Elizabeth M., 80, Bridgewate 

Va,, Feb, 7 
Corbin, Irvin C, 86, Harrisonburg, 

Va,. Feb. 27 
Cressler, Howard, 84, Carlisle, Pa,, 

Nov, 2 I 
Cullison, Bernice, 91, Gettysburg, Pa 

Nov. 6 
Dean, Henry L.. 76, Purgitsville, W.V 

Feb, 2 
Deffenbaugh, Patricia R,. 67, Frieder 

Pa., Nov, 20 
Delk, Ralph. N. Manchester, Ind., |ai 

29. 1998 
Dellinger, Charles A., 92. Edinburg, 

Va„ Dec. 14 
Devereaux, David, 58, Tonasket, 

Wash,, Dec, 14 
Dingier, Leah, 89, Timberville, Va., 

May 10, 1998 
Dove, Leo G., 74, Harrisonburg. Va.. 

Feb. 9 
Driver, Harry A.. 95, Weyers Cave, V; 

Dec, 8 
Durfee, Mable, 100, Ludington, Mich 

Ian, 16 
Erisman, Gladys, 78, La Verne, Calif, 

Feb, 1 
Fitzgerald, Helen, 88, Alexandria, Va. 

Nov. 29 
Forsberg, Harold, 83, Raytown, Mo., 

March 31 
Frazee, Grace, 95, Uniontown, Pa.. 

Ian, 15 
Fritts, C. Raymond. 87. Decatur. III.. 

Feb, 22 
Frye, Gerald R., 69, Woodstock, Va., 

March 18 
Fuqua, William "Tom" E. III. 63. Feb, 

6, Toms Brook. Va. 
Garber, Ruth V. 88. Portsmouth, Va.. 

30 Messenger May 1999 

Feb. 1 
arner. Rachel H., 87, Hanover, Pa., 

March 9 

eisbert, Paul, Frederick Md., |an. 13 
erber. |ohn, 63, Hershey. Pa., March 

25, 1998 
ibbel, Verda E.. 99. Palmyra, Pa., 

Feb. 27 
load, Annetle Hicks, 59, Roanoke. 

Va., Aug. 12 
iodfrey, Melvin M., 76, York Pa., Feb. 26 
ood, Mamie E., 89, Luray, Va., 

Nov. 22 
ordon, Bertha V., 88, Luray, Va., 

Feb. I 5 
[j irate, Barbara. 45, Salem. Ohio, 

March 13 
ireenwalt, Charles, 88, Maurertown, 

Va.. Ian. 27 
ireiner, Lester, 85, Manheim, Pa., 

Feb. 20 
Jriggs, Ruth W.. 75, Bourbon, Ind., 

March 20 
^rove, Selma |., 75, Grottoes, Va.. 

Dec. 6 
irove, Wilbur, 70, lefferson. Iowa, 

iamer, Merwin, 84, Waterloo, Iowa, 

Feb. 18 
hammer. Raymond B.. 87, Franklin, 

W.Va., Dec. 1 1 
leinbach, Ruth, 74, Columbia, Pa., 

Nov. 7 
lerr, Hilda, 86, Mechanicsburg, Pa.. 

Nov. 14 
llildebrand, Debra C, 42, Abingdon, 

Md.. March 10 
tlinkle, Blanche £., 80, Old Fields, 

W.Va., March 15 
rtinkle, Donald W., 64, Penn Laird, 

Va.. March 7 
Hodges, Nellie Blankenship. 88, 

Vinton, Va.. Dec. 4 
ioel, Maude, 96, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 26 
tiolsheiser, Charles H., 85, Spring- 
field, 111., April 7 
Hoover, William E., 85, York Pa., 

.March 5 
Houff, Robert E., 74, Dorcas, W.Va., 

Feb. 7 
Housden, Reba V, 86, Stanley, Va., 

Feb. 25 
Buffer, Martha M., 87, Mount Solon. 

Va., March 6 
[kenberry, Rhea F., 91, Timberville, 

Va., Feb. 6 
lennings, Ruth A., 88, Waterloo, Iowa, 

Feb. 18 
ludy, Mary V, 104, Franklin, W.Va., 

Feb. 15 
Karschner, Audrey, 80, Lewistown, 

Pa., Dec. 4 
Kettering, Mary Elizabeth, 83, Myer- 

stown. Pa., March 15 
Ketterman, Lucy C, 77, Richmond, 

Va., Nov. 21 ' 
Right, Shirley A. "Pancake," 65, Eglon, 

W.Va., Feb. 20 
Kimmel, Herbert, 70, Shelocta, Pa., 

Ian. 5 1 

King, Delmar, 67, Salem Va., Nov. 28 
Kinzie, Geneva. 89, La Verne. Calif.. 

March 4 

Kiracofe, lune, 74. Lima. Ohio. Ian. 30 
Kline, Harold. 88, Bridgewater, Va., 

Feb. 4 
Koogler, lames, 78, Lima, Ohio, March 1 6 
Lantz, E. Dow, 66, Timberville. Va., 

Nov. 28 
Lawson, Lorraine, 72. Roanoke. Va., 

Feb. 2 
Lehman, Wilmer. 95, McPherson, 

Kan., Feb. 19 
Lester, Henry, 80, Salem, Va.. March 6 
Lough, Frances S., 83, Broadway, Va., 

March 18 
Loxley, Ceraldine, Troy, Ohio, Feb. 16 
Main, Chris, Mount Airy, Md., March 7 
Masemer, Harry E., |r.. 82, Carlisle, 

Pa., March 22 
Michael, Robert, 49, Mt. Sidney. Va., 

Oct. 3 
Miller, Elizabeth, 86, Frederick, Md.. 

March 16 
Miller, Eula R.. 95. Bridgewater, Va., 

Dec. 1 1 
Miller, Gerald jr.. 54. Edison, N.|.. 

March 28 
Miller, fames, 91, Lancaster, Pa., Sept. 2 
Miller, Virginia M., 89, Harrisonburg, 

Va., Dec. 21 
Mitchell, loseph, Bridgewater, Va., Ian. 13 
Mitchell, Robert N.. 76. Harrisonburg. 

Va., March 8 
Milts, Warren Edward, 69, Mt. Sidney. 

Va., March 18 
Mock, Harley, Wichita, Kan.. |an. 20 
Moore, Annie, 96. Ridgely, Md., Feb. 27 
Musser, Amelia Detwiler, 86, Glendale, 

CaliL, Feb. 24 
Myers, Margaret L., 71, Moorefield, 

W.Va., Feb. 26 
Myers, Sara F., 88, Harrisonburg, Va., 

Dec. 1 
Nasener, Harry E. |r., 82. Carlisle, Pa., 

March 22 
Norman, Luther A. "Bucky. "Gettys- 
burg. Pa.. Nov. 13 
Obaugh, Elva C, 94, McDowell, Va., 

March 6 
Over, Ralph, 88, Lancaster, Pa., March 18 
Peterson. Lillian, 89, North Liberty. 

Ind., March 30 
Pilapil, Ivy A., 71. Stanley. Va.. Feb. 15 
Powell, Helen, 86, Troy, Ohio, Feb. 18 
Ratliff, Thelma Taylor, 87, Roanoke, 

Va., Oct. 19 
Reel, Elsie B.. 94. Maysville, W.Va. 
Rexrode, Thurman R.. 75. Fulks Run, 

Va.. Feb. 8 
Reynolds, Erglene Williams, 80, Sedan, 

Kan., Ian, 1 7 
Ritchey, Isa, 89, lohnstown, Pa., Jan. 7 
Ritterspach, Martha, 87, Lancaster. 

Pa., March 24, 1998 
Rodich, .^nna. 85, Berne. Ind.. March 8 
Roth, Kathryn, 80, Carlisle, Pa.. March 18 
Rothrock, Hazel, 94. Tonasket, Wash., 

Feb. 26 
Rothrock, Sam F, 84, La Verne, Calif., 

March 24, 1998 
Sager, "Gertie" May, 99, Woodstock, 

Va., Feb. 14 
Sahms, Mildred Kauffman, 79, York, 

Pa., March 27 
Sample, Harold, 78, New Providence, 

Pa.. March 22 
Sanborn, Carl, 75, lohnstown. Pa.. |an. 19 
Sayre, Nora M., 97, Waynesboro, Va., 

Dec, 24 
Seitz, Marguerite R., 76, New Oxford, 

Pa.. March 16 
Shaffer, Bernice, 82, Uniontown. Pa., 

Feb. 5 
Shaver, Viola, 77, Harrisonburg, Va., 

Dec. 26 
Sheets, lohn, 85, McPherson, Kan., 

March 6 
Shifflett, Charles E., 79, Penn Laird, 

Va.. Dec. 25 
Shockey, Charles, 76, Decatur, 111.. 

March 25 
Shoemaker, Mary M., 72, Harrison- 
burg, Va., March 1 
Shull, Virginia B. C, 85. Bridgewater, 

Va.. Nov. 19 
Simmons, A. M. "Hun," 85, Franklin 

W.Va., Feb. 27 
Simmons, Eva M., 84, Franklin, W.Va., 

March 13 
Simon, Lucy F., 69. Fort Seybert, 

W.Va., Nov, 17 
Smith. Glenn A., 69, Roaring Spring, 

Pa.. March 3 
Smith. Mary R., 85, Shippensburg, Pa., 

Ian. 22 
Southerly, Lottie M., 87, Petersburg, 

W.Va., Nov. 18 
Stanley, S. Earl "Bill," 75, Snow Creek. 

Va., Nov. 1 
Stark, Alma, 74. Elizabethtown, Pa.. 

Ian. 12, 1998 
Stites, lohn, 63, Hershey, Pa., March 

22. 1998 
Stough. Wilson W, 74, Loganville, Pa., 

March 28 
Strickler, Florida D., 83, Martinsburg, 

W.Va.. March 12 
Sunderland, Ora, 77, Lewistown. Pa.. 

Sept 12 
Sweigart, Margie S, 91. York. Pa.. 

March 28 
Teets, Charles F, 82, Eglon, W.Va.. 

Feb. 28 
Thomas. Feme, 78, Davidsville, Pa., 

Feb. 20 
Thompson, Marie, 92, Dixon, 111. 
Tomb, Elizabeth, lohnstown. Pa., Nov. 19 
Turner, Adam C. 76. Criders. W.Va.. 

March 3 
Twaddle. Ben. 78. McPherson, Kan., 

March 15 
Verbeck, Grant, 49, Clc Elum, Wash.. 

March 5 
Walker, Elizabeth T, 83, Woodstock, 

Va., Feb. 7 
Weaver. Freeman, 88, Davidsville, Pa., 

March 10 
Weaver, Gladys M., 89. Pasadena, 

Calif., Feb. 18 
Weirick, William, 70, Wichita. Kan.. 

Feb. 1 3 
Wheeler. Edna H.. 71. Shenandoah, 

Va.. Dec. 6 
Whetzel. Guy A.. 86. Romney. W.Va., 

Nov, 24 
Whitmer, Charles O.. 71. Verona, Va., 

March 5 
Wilfong, loseph Emory "Bill." 87. Har- 

risonburg, Va,. March 1 1 
Wright, Roy H., 97, Bridgewater, Va,, 

March 9 
Young, Nellie |,, 87, Bridgewater, Va., 

Dec. 10 


Coulter, Carol, Nov. 7. Enid. Okla. 
DeMuth, loan. May 22, 1997, Lake 

Charles, La. 
Hodges, Carlton, Nov. 1. Bethlehem, 

Boones Mill, Va. 
Kerr, Thomas |.. Dec. 21, Christ Our 

Shepherd, Indianapolis. Ind. 
Leaman, Frank Herbert, Feb, 3, York 

First, York, Pa. 
Liggett, Kristin Sue. Dec. 21, Flora, 

Morris, D. Wayne. Sept. 1, Evergreen, 

Stanardsville, Va. 
Rice, Larry Alan. Sept. 8, Prince of 

Peace, South Bend, Ind. 
Royer, Kathryn Sue, Ian. 28, Cedar 

Grove, New Paris, Ohio 
Self, Don. Aug. 7, 1997, Lake Charles, La. 
Semple, Robin, May 22, 1997, Lake 

Charles, La. 
Stahl, Ervin. Lowell, Mich., March 6 
Ulm, David. |une 2, Mt, Zion Road, 

Lebanon, Pa, 
Williams, Daniel, Ian. 30, Bethany, 

Farmington, Del. 
Williams, Donald lames, April 7, 1998, 

Buena Vista Stone, Buena Vista, Va, 


Bowers, George. Antioch, Woodstock, Va. 

Hazen. Lisa Lynn. Ian. 14. Beaver- 
creek, Ohio 

Lovett, Diana Lynn, Oct. 10, Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

Replogle, Shawn, Feb. 24. Bridgewater. Va. 

Schneiders, Francis, Sept. 18, Walnut, 
Argos, Ind. 

Self, Don, Nov, 6, 1997, Lake Charles, U. 

Smith, Leonard W.. Jan. 16, 
Rouzerviile, Pa. 

Weyant, lohn S.. Ian. 16, Shrewbury, Pa, 

Whetzel, |. Diann, |une 10, 1997. 
Front Royal, Va. 

Pastoral placement 

Brunner, Daniel, to Big Sky, Froid, 

Havey, Edward, Ir., from Dayton, Va.. 

to New Hope. Stuart. Va, 
Reinhold, Charles, to Flower Hill, 

Gaithersburg, Md, 
Stovall, Earl, from New Enterprise. 

Pa., to Bassett. Va. 
Shreckhise, Dick, from Annville. Pa.. 

to Lancaster, Pa, 
West. Edward. |r., from Saunders 

Grove, Moneta. Va.. to Selma, Va. 
Williams. Melvin, from Newport News, 

Ivy Farms, Va.. to Ninevah, Hardy. Va. 
Yeakley, Kevin, to Long Run. Lehigh- 

ton. Pa. 

May 1999 Messenger 31 


Brave hearts of the Balkans 

The only thing I knew, or thought 1 knew, about the 
Balkans was that this region has had a history of con- 
flict for the past 500 years. I had heard that repeated 
over and over during the confusing war in Bosnia, from 
1991 to 1995, as I am hearing it too often now. I had 
come to accept the view that fighting is a genetic defect 
of those inferior peoples, who are not worth our time or 
energy to try to help. 

But from the time I arrived in Sarajevo in 1997, I 
began to learn a different view. I was greeted by a sign, 
"You are welcome in Sarajevo if you come in peace." I 
gradually discovered the sign reflected a truth held there 
for centuries. This is a region that has lived in peace, 
with diversity, for ages. Occasional bloody conflicts arise 
and capture the world's attention with their ferocity and 
complexity, but it is the peace that is interrupted by war, 
not vice versa. 

In a Franciscan monastery near Sarajevo, an ancient 
stone tablet is displayed on a wall. Its inscription in three 
languages proclaims a pact of cooperation between 
Muslim, Catholic, and Orthodox peoples of the region. 
And in another monastery a large painting commemo- 
rates the moment in 1465 when the Franciscans in 
Bosnia received a charter from the Turkish Sultan, repre- 
senting the Islamic world, legalizing their mission and 
guaranteeing the safety and status of their Catholic flock. 
Ethnic and religious peace goes back a long way. Even 
the recent communist period of Yugoslavia is offered as a 
prime example of how diverse peoples can live together 
in harmony. Marshal Tito, who ruled Yugoslavia for 5 5 
years until his death in 1980, may have been known in 
the US as a communist dictator, but is hailed there as a 
hero who made a genuine attempt to reconcile the inter- 
ests of all the country's peoples. It was Tito who, in the 
mid-1960s, emancipated Kosovo's Albanian majority 
from Serbian domination, allowing even the despised 
Albanians to feel, for once, that they belonged. 

It is to the Balkans we should go to learn about peace, 
not to teach it, or impose it. Until only a few years ago 
Yugoslavs boasted, with good reason, of the cultural 
diversity which made their country an example to the 
world. Even now, in the aftermath of war in Croatia and 
Bosnia, heroic efforts are being made toward building 
peace with justice, some aided by our own Brethren Vol- 
unteer Service. Glaringly missing from the current global 
debate over Kosovo are any of the experienced and 
courageous Balkan voices for peace. 

One of them is Father Ivo Markovic, a Bosnian Fran- 
ciscan priest and a professor at the Franciscan 

Theological Institute in Sarajevo. As host to our tour 
group at the Franciscan monastery where we stayed, we 
met him as a jovial guide, and only gradually learned th 
details of his life. When Serbs captured the area of the 
city where the seminary is located, Father Ivo and other 
were held for some time as prisoners there, unsure 
whether they would survive. He was finally put on a bus 
and became a refugee in Croatia. He was there when he 
heard the news about his father. 

Ivo took us to his uncle's house to meet his extended 
family, his uncle and aunt, sister, and mother, who live 
the mountains an hour and a half outside Sarajevo. 
When other arrangements had fallen through, Ivo had 
called them on short notice to ask them to host us. We 
were greeted with a sumptuous feast and laughter. Thei 
was strudel, tomatoes, slaw, stewed lamb, and more 
laughter. Then, almost incidentally, Ivo told us his fath( 
had been killed in the war. 

The family had been spared longer than other Bosniai 
Croat families in the area because they had been good t' 
the Muslims as neighbors. But one day in 1995, his 70- 
year-old father and three other men older than him, ons 
of whom was 94, were lined up and executed. 

After dinner Father Ivo took us up the hill to meet the 
neighbors. The neighbors, we learned, are Muslim fami 
lies who took over the area during the war. When we 
stopped at Ivo's boyhood home, a Muslim family came 
out, and Father Ivo handed chocolate bars to all the chi 
dren. Aren 't these the people who killed his father? No, 
he explained, these are refugees from another part of 
Bosnia, whose home had been destroyed in the war. He 
asked the man for what did he hope. To go home, he 
said. As we left. Father Ivo explained that the Muslim 
family occupying his family home has been careful to 
keep the cross on the wall, where it has always been. 

Since that time. Father Ivo Markovic has continued tc 
work tirelessly for dialog between religious and ethnic 
groups in Bosnia. A year ago in New York City he, alonj 
with Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel, was presented the 
Tanenbaum Award for Interreligious Understanding. H 
was asked how he, a Croat, could continue to do the 
work of peacemaking with Muslims and Serbs. "I am nc 
a Croat," he said. "I am Ivo." 

A friend observed, "Ivo has not been captured by the 
Serbs, nor has his deepest loving self been murdered by 
the Muslims. He is free and alive, able to choose recon- 
ciliation over retaliation." 

It is from such brave hearts that we should learn peac 
making. — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger May 1999 

are the 

of a Lifetime! 

The Brethren Homes of the Atlantic Northeast District invite you 
to explore the care and refreshing lifestyles at your doorstep... 

" Life as good as it 
can get! - in a relaxed, 
care -free, attractive 
environment, among 
congenial contempo- 
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Christian love and 
service. Praise God! " 


" We enjoy living at 
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it provides ctioices for us 
to live in an upbeat, well- 
managed, caring, Christ- 
centered community of 
persons from diverse 
backgrounds. " 


"Living at Peter Becker 
Community offers us 
the opportunity to meet 
new Christian friends 
with similar interests. 
We have peace of mind 
knowing all our needs 
will be met." 


Lebanon Valley 
Brethren Home 

1200 Grubb Street 
Palmyra. PA 17078 
(717) 838-5406 


B_t i.i_R t NVbJS 1 .L._0 M M U N^i 1 y 

3001 LItitz Pike 

PO Box 5093 

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(717) 569-2657 





800 IVIaple Avenue 

Harleysville, PA 19438 



213tHANNUAL Conference 
Church of the Brethren 

June 29-July 4,1999 

Midwest Express Center 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 





Lowell A. Flory 


Nancy R. Fans 


Patrick Mellerson 


Linetta Alley 


Cindy Laprade 


Kurt, Snyder 

'■■ ^li'iii rii -^ 

Paul Muri'dey, 

ill ili 
n III 

M ill 
h r 


' "i '* * ' I, ■ 
w t ' ' '.' 

.' " ■"•■■ ', 

^. or '*♦,!< 

The art and ministry 
of Paul Grout 



where two or three are gathered, there 
'\ 3 am I in the midst of them," Jesus said. 
} ^ This truth reminds us of the strength that 
;»' comes from being together in Christ 

"in Our Midst" is a series of fresh, creative 

resources produced by the Church of the 
Brethren General Board for congregational 
use. The introductory packet is on spiritual 
growth; forthcoming topics are on mission, 
worship, and Christian education. 

ren General Boar 

Dundee Avenue, Elgin, Illinois 60120 
Contact Brethren Press, 800 441-3712 

June 1999 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vickl Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: The image is 
a study painting for 
"Ascension of Christ," by 
j ^ / ^"^ |^> \ J Paul Grout, Church of the Brethren 
H i^_. >s»vf%. m F" pastor in Putney, Vt. We selected 
Tl ' li^^ »"* Jl this from among Grout's many 

works because it captures the 
essence of what the artist is saying 
n his series of paintings, "Stations of the Resurrection," 
low the subject of a new video. As Grout explains, "So 
nuch of who Jesus is comes together in the final week. The 
ourney into Jerusalem ultimately was toward life, not 
leath. To understand what life is, how life is to be found 
md lived, we must see the final result of Christ's journey as 
lis resurrection and ascension." 

Phil and Louie Rieman, at right, with staff and workers from 
the New Sudan Council of Churches, make preparations 
for an important tribal peace conference in Sudan. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 




12 The Paul Grout story 

He inspired thousands at National Youth 
Conference, and his art exhibition 
attracted a large following this winter at 
Bethany Theological Seminary. A new 
video tells the story of his "Stations of the 
Resurrection." Now meet the man behind 
this ministry, Paul Grout, profiled for 
Messenger by Walt Wiltschek. 

19 Peace conference in Sudan 

Phil and Louie (Louise) Rieman, pastors 
in Wabash, Ind., were thrilled to get an 
invitation to go back to Sudan, where they 
had been field workers for the General 
Board from 1992-96. The assignment this 
time was to support a major peace confer- 
ence between two traditionally hostile 
tribes. "The white bull of peace" is their 
fascinating story of Brethren involvement 
in practical peacemaking. 

24 Why grandparents are so special 

"Grandparents can take a young child 
from boredom to intense pleasure in min- 
utes," writes Victor Stoltzfus. But it's not 
just what grandparents do for grandchil- 
dren that makes this relationship work so 
well. "Anyone who has ever taken an 
unhurried walk with a curious child will 
see the world in a new way." 

26 Here's what youth have to say 

More than 2.500 senior high youth 
responded to a survey at National Youth 
Conference last summer. Their answers 
revealed a high regard for the church and 
its practices. But they want more involve- 
ment and responsibility. The article is by 
Walt Wiltschek, who also contributed this 
month's cover story. When he's not writing 
for Messenger, Wiltschek works with 
youth as associate pastor of Westminster 
(Md.) Church of the Brethren. 

June 1999 Messenc;er 1 


n hmmt 

I was heading from Indianapolis, Ind., to Springfield, 111., when I saw a cluster of 
signs at the state line. One told me I had to buckle my seatbelt ("It"s the law"). 
Another announced that the legal limit for the blood alcohol level was .08. 1 couldn't 
read the rest of the signs at 55 miles per hour because they were too close together. 

Then, a readable distance later, I saw one large sign: "The people of Illinois wel- 
come you." Despite this friendly greeting, I found myself feeling less than welcomed. 
Even though every rule posted made sense and was clearly for my wellbeing, I would 
have believed the last sign more if it had been the first. 

Fresh in my mind was the meeting I had just left, a gathering of the newly named 
Cross-cultural Ministries Team. This team was carrying forth the vision that 
emerged from the urban/ethnic consultation held a few weeks earlier in Kansas City, 
Kan. In Kansas City, Brethren from various ethnic backgrounds told their stories 
and described the painful experiences they had encountered while trying to become 
assimilated into the Church of the Brethren. In many cases, the "rules" of the church 
(both written and unwritten) had spoken more loudly than the welcome. 

Out of the crucible of that gathering came new inspiration to try different meth- 
ods. Representatives of the various ethnic organizations agreed to work together, 
forming this Cross-cultural Ministries Team. There was a dogged commitment to 
not give up on the church. ("We are fiercely loyal to the Church of the Brethren," 
said one participant.) Perhaps the key strategy adopted by the team was to assume 
leadership for teaching the Church of the Brethren how to be multicultural. 

Like many institutions, the Church of the Brethren professes a desire to be more 
inclusive and embrace many cultures, but it doesn't know how. We need to be 
taught. I believe we also need a definition of "multicultural" that represents more 
than first-generation, culturally ethnic immigrants. As our country rapidly changes 
its complexion, multicultural will come to include second- and third-generation eth- 
nics, mixed-race people, and those who were adopted into this culture. 

One idea that emerged was for members of the Cross-cultural Ministries Team 
meeting to host ethnic minorities at Annual Conference and make them feel wel- 
come. Hospitality is not a new concept, of course, but it's one we can too often 
forget. Every newcomer, no matter what ethnic background, needs to be hosted in 
our congregations. Every newcomer needs a guide to interpret Church of the 
Brethren "culture." 

We can each take the lead from this new group and practice hospitality to those 
who come into our midst. Isn't that what each of us hopes for when we are looking 
for a home? 

How to reach us 


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2 Messenger June 1999 



Bridgewater names 
award for Dale Ulrich 

A new award has been cre- 
ated at Bridgewater (Va.) 
College in honor of Dale 
Ulrich, a 38-year member 
of the faculty and longtime 
member of Bridgewater 
Church of the Brethren. 

The Dale V. Ulrich 
Award for Excellence in 
Physics recognizes Ulrich, 
professor of physics and 
former dean and provost. 
This year's recipient, 
senior Matthew Whitaker 

of Parkersburg, W.Va., 
received a plaque during 
the annual Academic 
Awards Convocation. 

McPherson receives 
$1.75 million match 

McPherson (Kan.) College 
has received a $1.75 mil- 
lion grant from the ).E. 
and L.E. Mabee Founda- 
tion of Tulsa, Okla., in 
fulfillment of a challenge 
grant issued by the foun- 
dation in April 1998. If the 

Tethren Peace Fellowship 

nniial banquet. From left 
re Wayne Ziinkel, editor 
brethren Peace Fellowship 
ewsletter: SiieZann 
'osier; Roy and Violet 
'faltzgraff; fames Gibbel. 
<PF chair: and Kenneth 
ireider, BPF treasurer. 

Peace Fellowship honors 
missionaries to Nigeria 

The Brethren Peace Fellowship held its 33rd annual 
dinner meeting at Brethren Village, Nefisville, Pa., 
April 8. SueZann Bosler of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., served 
as keynote speaker. At that meeting, Roy and Violet 
Pfaltzgraff, 30-year missionaries to Nigeria, were honored 
as Brethren Peacemakers of the Year. Violet served as a 
nurse and teacher; Roy is a leading authority on leprosy. 

The Brethren Peace Fellowship is an independent initia- 
tive of a group of Church of the Brethren members. 

college raised $2.8 million 
from March 1998 to April 
1999 for "Enhancing the 
Legacy," its current capital 
campaign, Mabee would 
contribute $1 .75 million. 
The college raised over 
$3.5 million. As part of 
this campaign, the college 
is constructing a new fine 
arts center, science facil- 
ity, and performance hall. 

Districts process 
27,495 cans of beef 

This year's annual meat 
canning project by Mid- 
Atlantic and Southern 
Pennsylvania districts 
yielded 27,495 cans of 
beef from 50,000 pounds 
of meat that was processed 
April 5- 10. A quarter of 
the cans will be distributed 
throughout each district, 
25 percent will go to 
Christian Aid Ministries 
(the agency where the 
meat was canned), and 25 
percent is tentatively 
scheduled to go to Korea, 
El Salvador, and Kosovo. 

About 250 volunteers from 
both districts worked on this 
year's canning project. 

Youth take live report 
"On the Road Again" 

Illinois/Wisconsin District 
has joined the General 
Board's Live Report "On 
the Road" brigade. A 
drama/music troupe of 
youth is preparing to per- 
form "Web Connection," a 
multimedia presentation of 
General Board activities 
around the world. This 
troupe joins groups from 

Tune 1999 Messenger 3 

Ill Tone 

Northern and Southern Ohio 
that have prepared similar 
performances this year. 

Rehearsing May 1-2 in 
Elgin, 111., were Cyndi 
Fecher and Kelsey Swanson 
of Highland Ave. Church of 
the Brethren, Elgin; Cathy 
Gilbert of Peoria (111.) 
Church of the Brethren; and 
Corrine Lipscomb of First 
Church of the Brethren, 
Springfield, 111. This troupe 
will travel to Fort Wayne, 

A ministry of reading to kids: Wanda Hubbard. Floyd 
County. Va.. school board member and a member of the 
Topeco Church of the Brethren. Floyd. Va.. donned a Dr 
Seuss hat and read to kindergarteners during a "Read 
Across America" program in March. Hubbard is "one of the 
most talented worship and special program designers I have 
ever seen. " says David Shumate. Virlina district executive. 

Ind., on lune 1 3, to perform 
at Beacon Heights Church of 
the Brethren. 

According to Beth SoUen- 
berger Morphew, 
coordinator of the General 
Board's Area Two Congre- 
gational Life Team and the 
group's sponsor, the youth 
are open to performing 
elsewhere to "share the 
story of the General 
Board's work." Contact 
Sollenberger Morphew at 

Fellowship groups 
meet in Tennessee 

Sixty-six Church of the 
Brethren members represent- 
ing nine congregations 
attended this year's annual 
Southeastern district 
women's and men's fellow- 
ship's combined meeting 
April 26 at jonesborough, 
Tenn. Host pastor Curtis 
Rhudy, a bell choir, and a 
number of vocalists and 
musicians led the opening 
worship service. 

lulie Hostetter, coordina- 
tor of the General Board's 
Area Three Congregational 
Life Team, led a session on 
Annual Conference's recent 
Ethics for Congregations 
paper. The offering raised 
$366, which will be sent to 
the General Board's Emer- 
gency Response/ Service 
Ministries to assist with 
refugee programs in Albania 
and Macedonia. 

Cultural Center gets 
historic cupboard 

The Valley Brethren-Men- 
nonite Cultural Center has 
received a large Rocking- 
ham County corner 
cupboard from the estate o 
Harold R. Kline. It was on 
the Kline homestead, a 
Brethren mill farm, and 
may have come from the 
family of Elder |ohn Kline, 
a key figure in Brethren his 
tory from the Civil War 

Ruth Greenawalt, librarian 
at the Alexander Mack 
Library at Bridgewater 
College, notes the large 
dimensions of the Kline 
family corner cupboard. 

The cupboard, which is ii 
near original condition, wil 
be exhibited in the Alexan- 
der Mack Library at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College. 
The Valley Brethren-Men- 

4 Messenger June 1999 

lonite Cultural Center, a 
ecently formed group, 
lopes to build a perma- 
lent home for the 
upboard and other arti- 
acts on land donated for 
hat purpose at Harrison- 
mrg, Va. — Doris |. 


ommunity center 
)uts faith to work 

The Wilmington (Del.) 
Ven's Journal recently fea- 
ured the work of the 
lichardson Park Commu- 
lity Action Program, an 
organization founded 30 
fears ago by the Wilming- 
on Church of the 
Brethren, along with two 

other congregations, 
which continues to be a 
major part of the church's 
local outreach efforts. 
RPCAP runs a thrift 
shop for affordable cloth- 
ing and household goods, 
a Brown Bag Club that 
provides food to the 
needy, a monthly foot 
clinic for the elderly, and 
numerous other programs 
for people in need. "1 
think for a lot of us, it is a 
sense of what it means to 
be a Christian," said A. 
Lee Kinsey, a board 
member of RPCAP and 
pastor of the Wilmington 
congregation. "It is a 
hands-on kind of ministry. 
And we're supposed to live 
our faith." 





fS':... I 

{." ■ »W « mi 

iConstruetion begins on 
Manchester church 

Manchester Church of the Brethren, North Manches- 
ter, Ind., has broken ground for its new building, 
n\\\c\\ will replace the facility that burned last year. The 
Duilding will be on a hill near the center of a 25-acre 
3arcel of land the congregation purchased. It will be 
4-6,500 square fee all on one level, and it includes a Family 
Life Center. There will be 180 parking spaces. Heating 
and cooling for the building will be provided by a closed 
oop geothermal systerm. The exterior of the building will 
De a combination of brick and vinyl siding. 

Conestoga Church of the Brethren's present meetinghouse 
was built ill 1 994. 

November events planned for 
Conestoga 275th anniversary 

The Conestoga congregation, Leola, Pa., this year is 
celebrating 275 years as an organized congregation. 
For over a hundred years the worship services were held in 
homes and love feasts were held in barns. The first build- 
ings used for worship were union houses, which were used 
by several denominations. 

The first meeting house built by the Conestoga congre- 
gation was built in 1860. There are records of five 
different meetinghouses being used by the congregation. 
The building in Bareville, Pa., was built in 191 5, with 
additions and remodeling taking place in 1951 and 1959. 
The outlying meetinghouses were sold and worship was 
centralized in Bareville (Leola) through the years until the 
last one was sold in 1946. The present church was built in 

The Conestoga congregation invites all former pastors, 
members, and friends to join it for its anniversary weekend 
Nov. 13-14. Guest speaker will be Lowell Flory, 1999 mod- 
erator of the Church of the Brethren. For more information 
call 7 1 7-656-2495, or e-mail Conestogacob (a 
— Nancy Wile 

"In Touch " profiles Brethren we would like you to meet. Send story 
ideas and photos to "In Touch," Messenger. 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin. IL 60120. 

June 1999 Messenger 5 



Youth prepare health kits by 
the hundreds for Kosovo 

Response to the ongoing crisis in the 
Balkans continues throughout the 

When Kosovo refugees needed help. 
Ashland, Ohio, youth went into 
action. Here, from left, Michelle 
McNaull, Sharla Zuercher, and 
Rachelle Matz hand out fliers outside 
the local Wal-Mart listing needs for 
health kits. 

Church of the Brethren in many dif- 
ferent ways. The Ashland (Ohio) 
Dickey church in May provided one 
example of effective witness. May 
Patalano explains: 

"When the e-mail appeal for per- 
sonal items and health kits for 
Kosovo refugees was received, Ash- 
land Dickey members went into 
action. A challenge was put forth to 
the congregation at the April 25 wor- 
ship service to bring enough items to 
fill the church vestibule the following 

"A youth then had an idea. High 
school freshman Rachelle Matz and 
I, Ashland Dickey's youth advisor, 
went to the local Wal-Mart the fol- 
lowing day with two requests. We 

wanted permission to hand out fliers 
to customers with the list of refugee 
needs, and we wanted to set up a 
table to receive these items at the 
exit. The manager was very receptive 
and granted permission for the youtl 
to be at the store from April 27 
through May 1. 

"Each day, the youth set up their 
stations for four hours inside and 
outside the store. During the project 
enough items and monetary dona- 
tions were received to assemble 243 
health kits, including a large number 
of additional personal items. When 
the congregation met for worship on 
May 2, members continued to bring 
their own contributions. The final 
tally was 33 7 health kits and a large 
number of personal items. 

"On the previous Sunday, a chal- 
lenge had been extended for 
someone to personally deliver the 
items to the Brethren Service Center 
in New Windsor, Md. Mike and 
Cindy McNaull were led by the spiril 
and they departed at 4 p.m.. May 2, 
with their minivan full of the dona- 
tions. They arrived in New Windsor 
on May 3. 

"This experience was a wonderful 
point of celebration for the youth, 
culminating coincidentally on 
National Youth Sunday, where they 
led the worship service using the 
theme "Spirit. Lead the Way!" 

A faithful church responds to 
Kosovo crisis on many fronts 

The Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries in May was working 
to respond to Kosovar refugees 

6 Messenger June 1999 

preparing to resettle in the US. 

Meanwhile, $10,000 of a $1 5,000 
Emergency Disaster Fund grant is 
supporting a new short-term Church 
pf the Brethren/Quaker initiative 
created to respond to the refugee 
crisis in Kosovo. These funds are 
jeing used by Brethren Volunteer 
Service worker Gail Long to pur- 
;hase and then deliver relief supplies 
CO Kosovar refugees. 

Long, who served as a BVSer in 
;he Balkans from lanuary 1995 
:hrough September 1997, returned 
:o the region in April to lead this pro- 
ect. Long has visited several refugee 
pamps. With other relief aid activists, 
she delivered about 100 boxes of 
apples, 50 kilos of chickpeas, sani- 
tary napkins, 10 kilos of coffee, and 
pens, paper, and plastic sheeting to 
three camps. 

The remaining $3,000 is being 
bsed by ER/SM to support special 
Cosovar refugee projects. 

ER/SM has been requested to 
assess the need for child care at the 
Refugee Reception Center at Fort Dix 
in Trenton, N.|. lean Myers of Sinking 
Springs, Pa., and Patricia Ronk of 
Roanoke, Va., were there to assess the 
kind of child care to provide. 

With the announcement that up to 
20,000 refugees will be permitted to 
relocate in the United States pro- 
vided they already have family 
members here, ER/SM is prepared to 
assist in the relocation of refugees in 
the Baltimore, Md., region, should 
such assistance be requested. 
Churches or individuals wishing to 
sponsor a refugee should contact 
ER/SM at 800-45 1 -4407 ext. 735. 

In April the Church of the Brethren 

Brethren were among some 3.500 demonstrators who protested May 1-5 at the 
Pentagon and the US Capitol against the Sehool of the Americas. The school is 
a US .Army training ground for Latin American and Caribbean soldiers at Fort 
Benning, in Columbus, Ga. Graduates have been linked to numerous humait 
rights violations. .Among the Brethren involved in the protest, from left, are Greg 
Laszokovits, Kristin Grimes. Kim Stuckey, Andreas Peschke, Tina Rieman, and 
Torin Eikenberrv. 

contributed $ 1 40,000 to a $ 1 .8 mil- 
lion appeal by Church World Service 
for assistance in the former 
Yugoslavia. CWS released $265,000 
to provide 1 5,000 blankets, 10,000 
bed linens. 2,000 mattresses, and 
5,000 pillows and cases. CWS had 
already sent $100,000 for blankets 
and bedding and $800,000 for tents, 
blankets, and mattresses, which are 
being purchased in Albania. 

The Brethren Service Center in 
New Windsor, Md., is busy receiving 
and sending material aid to assist 
with humanitarian efforts in the area 
of conflict. Eight trucks full of sup- 
plies, which included 1 ,260 tents and 
1 ,600 bales of woolen blankets, were 
shipped to Skopje, Macedonia, on 
April 1 7- 1 8 on behalf of the US 
Office of Foreign Disaster Assis- 

June 1999 Messenger 7 


During this frenetic time the 
Brethren Service Center also shipped 
seven 40-foot containers with 1,875 
bales of quilts and 750 bales of 
sweaters to Armenia for Lutheran 
World Relief. 

Response to the NATO air strikes 
has also come from across the 
church: Middle Pennsylvania District 
Witness Commission and Disaster 
Response Committee has committed 
$27,000 to provide 1 ,000 of the 
family gift kits. 

Coventry Church of the Brethren 
of Pottstown, Pa., scheduled a 
Proclamation and Prayer for Peace 
service on May 2. 

About 1 75 people attended an ecu- 
menical peace vigil April 14 at 
Highland Avenue Church of the 
Brethren, Elgin, III. A community 
prayer vigil was organized by the 
Sunnyslope Church of the Brethren- 
United Church of Christ on April 1 1 , 
which was attended by about 60 
people of various faith traditions. 
The Ankeny (Iowa) church has been 
holding a Prayers for Peace service 
one evening each week. And the 
Williamson Road church, Roanoke, 
Va., held a Good Friday evening 
prayer service. 

About 50 participants of the Chris- 
tian Citizenship Seminar held a 
prayer vigil April 1 3 in front of the 
White House. Participants made 
protest signs and some of the youth 
led the readings and the prayers. The 
vigil concluded with the spontaneous 
singing of "Freedom" while others 
knelt in prayer. 

On May 1 5 at York Center Church 
of the Brethren, Lombard, III., Bob 
Williamson of the Lombard Mennonite 
Peace Center presented a peace church 
perspective on the conflict, based on 
his visits to Serbia. The church is 
asking its members to learn "the facts 
behind television pictures" and to carry 
"a strong message of human need to 
our local communities." 

Workers and funds help 
needy in US and worldwide 

Church of the Brethren Disaster 
Child Care teams began taking care 
of children in Wichita, Kan., and in 
Oklahoma City, Okla., within days 
after devastating tornadoes struck 
the Plains region May 3. 

A $10,000 grant from the General 
Board's Emergency Disaster Fund 
was allocated immediately following 
the storms. This money was used to 
send assessors to Oklahoma and 
Kansas to determine the General 
Board's Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries response. Stanley 
Noffsinger, incoming ER/SM man- 
ager, and Byron Frantz, Western 
Plains District disaster coordinator, 
were on the scene in Wichita; Cheryl 
and Doug Dekker, trained disaster 
child care givers from Norfolk, Neb., 
and Golan Winkler, Southern Plains 
District disaster response coordina- 
tor, were in Oklahoma City. 

Child care centers were established 
in both cities by ER/SM at the 
request of the American Red Cross. 

In the meantime, ER/SM also sent 
200 blankets to Oklahoma in 
response to a Church World Service 

Hurricane Georges emergency 
response work coordinated by 
ER/SM entered a new phase in April. 
A new project opened in Biloxi, 
Miss., to assist with rebuilding pro- 
jects still needed in the wake of last 
September's storm that tore through 
the Caribbean and onto the Missis- 
sippi Coast. Many rural poor and 
elderly families in Biloxi suffered 
flood, wind, and water damage to 
their homes. ER/SM's work will 
involve major repairs, with the possi- 
bility of one or two rebuilds. 

ER/SM's other ongoing Hurricane 
Georges response efforts continue in 
Caimito and Castaner, Puerto Rico: 
and in San |uan, Dominican Repub- 

lic. Related grants include: 

•$50,000 in support of emergency 
food relief and long-term recon- 
struction programs in the Dominican 

• $57,000 in support of the ship- 
ping of medical supplies to the 
Dominican Republic, Haiti, 
Nicaragua, and Honduras by CWS. 

• $20,000 in support of the new 
Biloxi, Miss., project. 

Three additional Emergency Disas 
ter Fund grants include: 

• $ 1 5,000 in support of the CWS 
response to the December California 
freeze that damaged citrus and sea- 
sonal crops and affected up to 
28,000 workers. These funds will 
help provide direct aid to affected 

• $ 1 0,000 in support of the CWS 
response to the |an. 25 earthquake ir 
Colombia, which killed 1,300 people 
These funds will help provide shelter 
for 700 families, seismic-resistant 
housing, sanitation, tools, economic 
regeneration, and food. 

• $10,000 in support of the CWS 
response to food shortages and mal- 
nutrition in Sudan. These funds will 
support a long-term food security 
and agricultural rehabilitation pro- 

As of May, 1 5 EDF grants have 
been allocated this year totaling 

A $ 1 5,000 Global Food Crisis grant 
has been allocated for use in Viajama, 
Dominican Republic, home to one of 
the earliest DR Church of the Brethren 
congregations. There is a food crisis in 
Viajama due to damage of crops and 
fields caused by last fall's Hurricane 
Georges. Some $ 1 2,000 will be used 
in direct food aid and $3,000 will go 
toward legal fees. 

One hundred metric tons of seed 
potatoes were shipped from Denver 
to North Korea on April 28 as part o; 
a new initiative launched by eight US 
humanitarian relief and development 

8 Messenger June 1999 

agencies, including CWS. The total 
initiative consists of 1,000 metric 
tons of seed potatoes that will be dis- 
tributed on farms throughout several 
North Korean provinces. 

Additionally, a 100.000-metric-ton 
food-for-work program, with com- 
modities provided by USAID and the 
US Department of Agriculture, will 
support the seed potato initiative. 
The 100.000 metric tons of food 
marks the first bilateral aid given by 
the United States to North Korea. 
The Church of the Brethren General 
Board, through its Global Food 
Crisis Fund, contributed $45,000 to 
ithis initiative. 

New leaders to serve the 
church in numerous roles 

Robert Blake will join the Association 
of Brethren Caregivers as program 
field staff beginning |uly 1 5. In this 
role, Blake will provide staff leadership 
for Denominational Deacon, Family 
Life, Lafiya, and Voice ministries. 

Blake has served two years on 
ABC's Lafiya Steering Committee. 
Blake, who will succeed |une Gibble 
upon her retirement from ABC |uly 
4, has worked 19 years as director of 
the pastoral care department and 
chaplain at Sherman Hospital, Elgin, 
111. He is a licensed Church of the 
Brethren minister and former pastor. 

Marisa Yoder, of the Goshen City 
(Ind.) congregation, will begin a one- 
year assignment with the General 
Board's Brethren Witness office this 
summer. National high school Teacher 
of the Year in her field of soil and 
water, Yoder will provide environmen- 
tal education to groups across the 
denomination, while assisting the 
office in organizing a network of cre- 
ation stewardship advocates. 

Yoder will volunteer for the Gen- 
eral Board as part of her sabbatical 
year from teaching. 

Dale Minnich has been named 

Jim and Bonnie Martin were among those who protested against the death penalty 
at the Pefinsyivania State Capitol May 1 . 

executive director of college opera- 
tions at McPherson College. In this 
capacity, he will also serve as the col- 
lege's chief financial officer, 
directing the college's financial and 
physical plant operations. Minnich 
has been director of planned giving 
since 1997. Previously he served on 
the General Board staff for 22 years. 

lanine Katonah began April 1 as 
interim executive for Illinois/Wisconsin 
District. She has been a member of the 
district's board and ministry commis- 
sion. Katonah served on the General 
Board stewardship staff 1979-80. 

Brethren family joins protest 
to support son on death row 

Jim and Bonnie Martin, members of 
Spring Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Hershey, Pa., made their 
voices heard May 1 at the Pennsylva- 
nia State Capitol along with about 
200 others. 

Pennsylvania Governor Tom Ridge 
has been speeding up the number of 
executions in the state and the Mar- 
tins' son. Brad, currently sits on 
death row awaiting lethal injection. 
At the Capitol, the demonstrators, 
which included the Martins and 
about 1 other Church of the 
Brethren members, protested against 
the death penalty. They called for a 
two-year moratorium on executions. 

Impassioned participants included 
attorneys who have worked on death 
penalty cases and issues, death row 
survivors, people with family mem- 
bers on death row, and musical 
performers. All called attention to 
the seeming inequity of death penalty 
sentences and executions, which 
often appear to be based on income 
levels and race. 

Speakers also cited those who have 
been executed on death row only to be 
found innocent after their death. 
Upon leaving the Capitol, rally partici- 

lune 1999 Messenger 9 


pants then marched to the governor's 
residence chanting and singing. 

While the Martins do not want to 
see their son die, they do beheve jus- 
tice must be served, (im Martin says, 
"A penalty has to be paid, but not the 
death penalty. It's time that we dis- 
cuss the issue again in our churches 
and our society. We need to be more 

On May 3, eight days before Brad's 
scheduled execution, the Martin 
family was informed that Brad 
received a stay of execution by the 
Pennsylvania Supreme Court. 

"The Martins remain anxious, but 
hopeful and supported," said Greg 
Laszakovits, who is working on 
death penalty issues this year for the 
Church of the Brethren General 
Board's Brethren Witness office and 
who joined the Martins at the Har- 
risburg demonstration. 

Said Bonnie Martin, "We know 
we're not alone. God and others have 
been there for us." The Brethren 
Witness Office will soon be asking 
congregations and individuals to get 
involved in this matter through a 
letter-writing and petition-signing 
campaign urging Governor Ridge to 
stop the killing in Pennsylvania. 

The 1987 Church of the Brethren 
"Annual Conference Statement on 
the Death Penalty" states that "Our 
Christian sense of justice compels us 
to abolish the death penalty." For 
more information on abolishing the 
death penalty, call Greg Laszakovits 
at 800-323-8059. 

Youth put faith into action at 
Christian Citizenship Seminar 

More than 100 youth and youth 
advisors from across the country 
attended the annual Christian Citi- 
zenship Seminar April 10-15, 
sponsored by the Youth/Young Adult 
Ministries office and the Church of 
the Brethren Washington office. 

"Handle With Care" was the theme 
for this year's seminar, which 
focused on stewardship of God's cre- 

ation. The seminar began in New York 
City before moving to Washington, 
D.C., for the last two days of the 

Speakers included Brethren Wit- 
ness director David Radcliff, who 
provided the keynote address; Marisa 
Yoder, high school teacher and youth 
leader from the Goshen City (Ind.) 
congregation; and Lynne West of the 
Eco-justice office of the National 
Council of Churches of Christ. 

Participants worshiped in a variety 
of multicultural congregations on 
Sunday morning, toured the United 
Nations, visited their congressional 
representatives while in the nation's 
capital, and used free time to explore 
the two cities. 

Partners in Accompaniment 
sends two to Guatemala 

Sandy Summers of the Ephrata (Pa.) 
congregation and Sarah Stafford of 
the Oakland (Ohio) congregation are 
the latest in a series of Brethren- 
sponsored "accompaniers" to go to 
Guatemala through the Church of 
the Brethren Partners in Accompani- 
ment program. 

Their role is to live in communities 
of returned Guatemalan refugees, 
providing a visible symbol of interna- 
tional support and a measure of 
security in this land still recovering 
from more that 55 years of civil war. 

An additional role of the accompa- 
niers, who spend three months or 
more in their community, is to pro- 
vide a link to stateside congregations 
or other supporting groups. These 
groups in turn visit the community, 
uphold the community in prayer, and 
provide financial support for the 

A |uly delegation to Guatemala is 
being led by Tom Benevento, former 
Brethren Volunteer Service worker in 
Guatemala now with the Global Mis- 
sion Partnerships office of the 
General Board. 

Partners in Accompaniment is a 
project of the General Board's Office 

of Brethren Witness, in cooperation 
with the non-profit Guatemalan 
Accompaniment Project of Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

OEPA still planning to move 
offices from New Windsor 

The On Earth Peace Assembly board 
of directors met for its spring board 
retreat at Shepherd's Spring Out- 
door Ministries Center, Sharpsburg, 
Md., April 16-18. 
During its meetings, the board: 
•reaffirmed its March 1997 deci- 
sion to leave the Brethren Service 
Center in New Windsor, Md., and 
called a new site committee, giving it 
the mandate to recommend a new 
OEPA headquarters site to the board 
at its October meeting. 

• developed mission statements, 
investment strategies, and regula- 
tions for its endowments. 

• endorsed the idea of an annual 
Reconciliation Sunday for Church of 
the Brethren congregations, and 
directed staff to pursue plans to 
implement such a program. 

• affirmed cooperation with the 
Church of the Brethren Womaen's 
Caucus and the Brethren/Mennonite 
Council for Lesbian and Gay Con- 
cerns in areas where OEPA's mission 
coincides with the groups' activities. 

In program reports from staff, the 
board heard: 

• plans for OEPA's five-day 25th 
birthday celebration in late October. 
Promotional and registration infor- 
mation will be distributed in May. 

• OEPA is working cooperatively 
with Mennonite denominations to 
develop a peace curriculum for con- 

• OEPA is a collaborating partner 
in the development and sponsorship 
of the Western Christian Peacemak- 
ing Conference, scheduled for Oct. 
8- 1 1 at George Fox University. 

The board also met with its seven- 
member Ministry of Reconciliation 
steering committee and heard 
numerous reports on MoR activities. 

10 Messenger Tune 1999 

Take The Pledge 

Amy Adkins 
LaDonna Alexander 
Thoma-. Altbaugh 
Luke Allender 
Mentha Anderegg 
Lois Anderson 
Apnl Angel 
Ruth Angle 
Robbie Arnold 
Jason Arnold 
Shalon Atwood 
Eliza Aucherman 
Ruth Aukerman 
Gerald Baile Crouse 
Jodi Bailey 
Ann Baker 
Donald Baker 
Maria Banks 
Lorraine Bard 
Andrea Bamharl 
Cleona Barr 
Emie Barr 
Jessica Bauman 
Sarah Leigh 
R. Keith Beckner 
Alyson Beer>' 
Tiffany Bevins 
Knsla Bibbee 
Allen Bierbower 
Karen Bierbower 
Shalom Black 
Grace Black 
Leah Blackwood 
Alice Blair 
Wendell Bohrer 
Joan Bohrer 
Ben Bohrer 
Allyson Bomberger 
Stefan Bomberger 
Rebecca Bonham 
Marceil Boone 
Lee Bowman 
Rebecca Bowman 
Mana Bowman 
Chnslopher Bowman 
Michelle Bowman 
Andre Bowman 
Juli Anne Bowser 
Elizabeth Bradley 
Heather Brand! 
Lana Bncker 
Dean Bncker 
Cynthia Bmgan Bmun 
Patncia Bross 
Gregory Brown 
Jenn Brown 
Allison Bryan 
Rachel Bucher 
Glena Buchholiz 
Don Buchholtz 
Amanda Bunting 
Alexia Burchelt 
Linda Burkholder 
Ray Burkholder 
Julie Burtz 
Peg Byard 
Marshall Camden 
Ted Carl in 
Sulynn Carlin 
Kim Carter 
Jeffrey Carter 
L. Clyde Caner. Jr 
Deanna Castle 
Andrew Chaney 
Ruth Clark 
Lois Clark 
Eldon Coffman 
Daniel Cohick 
Linda Collins 
Jason Cook 

Katie Cosner 
Mary Cox 
Sam Cox 
Ben Cox 
Jane Cox 
Mark Craddock 
Greg Cunningham 
Lois Davidson 
Tim Davis 
Amanda Davis 
Amanda Davis 
L,R Davis 
Glenn Deardorff 
Nancy Deardorff 
Wesley DeCoursey 
Audrey DeCoursey 
Casey Delano 
Attelus Delima 
Heather Derr 
Brandi DeShong 
Rhonda DeShong 
Lisa Dielerly 
Earl Dilbert 
Isaac Dill 
Mabel Diller 
Peier Dobberstein 
Howard Nevin 

Jenny Dormois 
Judy Dolterer 
J Ebener 
Minam Eberly 
Roger W. Eberly 
Val Ebersole 
Austin Eikenberr>' 
George Eisele 
Jerel Ellen 
Jessica Eller 
Laura Emnck 
Jodi Eshleman 
Soma Ewald 
Dianne Eyler 
Jeffery Fackler 
Dean Feasenhiser 
Joel Fennel 
Patnck Fiegenbaum 
Rhonda Fike 
Vivian Fisher 
Bnan Fitzgerald 
Bnan Flor\' 

Don Gallagher 
Beliie Rae Gallagher 
Susan Ganger 
Jeffrey Garber 
Mary Gaull 
Chns Gaylor 
Dorothy Gciman 
Kenneth Gibble 
Ann Earharl Gibhle 
Sarah Gilliam 
Mildred Gillian 
Connie Gindlesperger 
Jean Gindlesperger 
Lucy Godbey 
Chnstopher Good 
Rebecca Good 
Jessica Graves 
Harry Graybill 
Jane Taylor 
Ken Gresh 
Knstin Grimes 
Helen Groff 
Lloyd Groff 
Anna Lisa Gross 
Marta Grove 
Tern Guy 
Matthew Guynn 
Rebecca Hade 
Katie Haman 
Sherri Haman 
Edward Haman 
Louise Hampton 
Deb Hansen 
Norman Harsh 
Stanley Harter 
John Harvey 
Linda Hawk 
Fae Heckert 
Chanty Heffner 
Cecilia Heneberry 
Leonard Herman 
Earl Hess 
Eugene Hess 
Matt Hess 
Anita Hess 
Amanda Hiti 
Calvin H. Hlavaty 
Rohm Hockenberr)' 
Dave Hoffman 

Enca Hoyt 
Kelly Hoyt 
Donald Hubbell 
Jane Hughes 
Jonathan Hursi 
Nathan Huslon 
Wendy Jackson 
Lesli Jamison 
Dean Johnson 
Grace Johnson 
Lyla Johnson 
Lisa Johnston 
Paul Jones 
Sarah Jordan 
Shannon Jorgensen 
Karl Joseph 
Car) Jossart 
Jean Kam 
Erin Kam 
Colleen Karn 
Marta Kaufman 
Ratko Kaunn 
Annie Kaylor 
Rebecca Kearney 
Minam Keckler 
Sarah Keegan 
Matthew Keeling 
Lindsay Keeney 
William Kilgore 
Robin Kilgore 
Cliff Kindy 
Maria King 
Steve Kmzie 
Nancy Kline 
Philip Knaub 
Tawny a Knienm 
Terry Koons 
Carol Koons 
Glenn Koons 
Minerva Koser 
David Krieger 
Janice Kulp Long 
Ben Landis 
Virginia Landis 
Menno Landis 
Rachel Landis 
Eugene Lantz 
Brandon Lantz 
Jodie Laughlm 
Grace Lefcver 
Jessica Kate Lehman 

Kevin Magnan 
Doug Mangum 
Kira Mamner 
Emily Martin 
Ruby Martin 
Justine Martinez 
Sam Mason 
Mary Mason 
Tiffany Mason 
Wendy Matheny 
Melissa McAllister 
Greg McAvoy 
Jeff McAvoy 
Meghan McCann 
Enn McCourt 
Edward McCullough 
Laina McKellip 
Lloyd McLucas 
Shirley McMillin 
Stephanie McRoberts 
Derrick Method 
Madalyn Metzger 
Grace Meyers 
Donna Meyers 
Stephanie Michael 
Carolyn Michael 
John Miller 
Irene Miller 
Miranda Miller 
Sarah Miller 
Leslie Miller 
Maureen Miller 
Abby Miller 
Tiffany Mills 
Jane Mills 
Beverly Monji 
Karen Monlcgomer 
Daniel Moore 
Byron E. Moore 
Lorene A. Moore 
Ashley Morgan 
Brandon Moyer 
Rachel Myers 
Rachel Myers 
Ruth Myers 
Robm Naff 
Sharon Nearhoof 
Jill Neiheisel 
Genevieve Newman 
Jared Ness 
Justin Nichols 

Jonah Pence 
Rachel Grace Pennell 
Belh Phelps 
JaCLjueline Picking 
Nicole Piper 
Reid Fletcher 
Anna Pomazal 
Renee Preso 
Brooke Pyles 
Robed Pyles 
Kairee Pyles 
Teresa Pyles 
Tami Pyles 
Carolyn Pyles 
Michael Rager 
Alison Rager 
Charlotte Ranck 
Tasara Redekopp 
Travis Reich 
Troy Reimer 
Beth Rhodes 
Frank Rhodes 
Robena Rinker 
Jamie Risser 
Kun Riichie 
Bernard Ritchie 
Pearl Rohrer 
Becky Rotz 
Rhonda Rotz 
Lynn Rotz 
Lynn Rotz 
Ann Royer 
Connie Royer 
Anne Royer Royer 
Riki Rumer 
Laura Ruitedge 
Keilh Rutter 
Pamela Rutter 
Melissa Sager 
Nancy Sallurday 
David Sanders 
Naomi Saver Shellon 
John Schafer 
Steve Schaiz 
Lucinda Schuler 
Kane Seward 
Chns Shaffer 
Robert Shank 
Ruth E, Shaniz 
Linda Sharar 
Amy Sharp 

Alison Flory 
Anthony Ford 
Peter Fox 
Mark Fox 
Amy Nicole Fox 
Michael Frantz 
Doris Fritz 
Zach Fritz 
Kathleen Fry-Miller 
Margaret Fuchs 
JancI Funderburg 
Cindy Funderburg 
Chris Funderburg 
Sandra Funderburg 
Tara Gagliardo 
Amy Gall Ritchie 

Enc Hoffman 
Michael Hogan II 
Susan Hoke 
Mary Holderman 
David Holderman 
Alan Holderread 
Becky Hollenberg 
Heather Holi 
Jacob Hoover 
David Hoover 
Benjamin Hoover 
Jonathan Hoover 
Susan Hoover 
Andrew Hosteller 
Amy Householder 
Deana Hoyt 

Cliff Litwiller 
Melinda Long 
Johanna Long 
John Long 
Benjamin Long 
Rachel Long 
Andrew Loomis 
Leonard Lowe 
Viola Lowe 
Erica Luckenbill 
Florence Mackey 
Kenneth Mackey 
Joyce Mackey 
Wilbur Mackey 

Deborah Nimz 
Alfred P Nyce 
Geneva O'Cull 
June Oakes 
June Oakes 
Janet Ober Miller 
Wayne Oellig 
Phoebe Oellig 
Tina Osswald 
Anne Palmer 
Brenda Shenk 
Ollievia Patterson 
Donna Peachey 
Conrad Peachey 
Chester Peckover 

Lois Shatluck 
Virgina Sheets 
Amos J. Sheets 
Thomas Sheffer 
Sara Shencovich 
Josh Shewn 
Karen Shively Neff 
Heather Shively 
Bnan Shoup 
Sarah Shreckhise 
Richard Shreincr 
Heather Simmons 
Ronald Siney 
Barbara Siney 
Raechel Siltig 
Morgan Skiles 

Clint Slipher 
Kari Smith 
Nale Smith 
Lon Waas Smith 
Darlene Smith 
Laura Snider 
Tony Snyder 
Karen Snyder 
Ray Sollenberger 
Elaine Sollenberger 
Shiela Souders 
David Souders 
Kendra Sousley 
Derrick Spangler 
Coreen Spencer 
Steve Spire 
Sarah Stafford 
Phihp Stafford 
Karen Statler 
Nancy Sieedle 
Duslin Slein 
Sarah Sterner 
Robert Stiles 
Manon Slollzfus 
Laura Stoltzfus 
Esther Stoltzfus 
Laura Stone 
Matt Stone 
Jenny Stover 
Eileen Studebaker 
Jessica Suiter 
Callie Surber 
Glenn Swope 
Sarah Taylor 
Cynthia Taylor 
Diana Thomas 
Galen Toews 
Rhonda Tomlinson 
Loma Toms 
Richard Travis 
Jay Tucker 
Emily Tulh 
Mary Uhrig 
Howard Uhng 
Howard LHIery 
Becky Ullom 
Joel Ulnch 
Michelle Ungemach 
Siacie Unruh 
Lon Van Order 
Bryan Vance 
Carol Vamer 
Kelly Vocke 
Al Vocke 
Joy Vocke 
Rachael Waas Smith 
Becky Walker 
Fred Wampler 
Emily Wampler 
Mandy Wampler 
Joyce Ward 
Bryan Wave 
Ineke Way 
E Paul Weaver 
Dana Welch 
Myrtle Wells 
Randall Westfall 
Angle Weybrighl 
Kara Whistler 
Andrew Widdowson 
Mark Wilhelm 
Joan Williams 
Eileen Wilson 
Mike Wimmer 
Lois Wine 
Marlin Wine 
Allison Wolfe 
Lou Anne Wray 
Anila Wucinic-Tumer 
Dale Yoder 
Jodi Youlz 
Paul Zimmerman 


I WILL oppose injustice 
I WILL oppose hatred 
I WILL oppose racism 
I WILL oppose hunger 
I WILL oppose to make 
sure that everyone 
has what they need 
to live as God intends 



The White Rose 

In [he early iq40's. youthful members ol ihe Whice Rose were put to death tor 
danng to cry out publicly against the evils of 
N'jzisni and its racist war machine. As mem- 
bers of the privileged Aryan racial group. 
chey could have remained silent and safe. 
They chose mstead, in spite of great risk, to 
make their values known to the citizens ol 
[heir nation. In memory of the spirit of their 
courage in speaking out, the While Rose has 
been chosen as the symbol for the "Take the 
Pledge" campaign. 

To Take The Pledge, contact 
The Office of Brethren Witness, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694; 1-800-323-8039; Email: 

June 1999 Messenger 1 1 

The art and ministry of Paul Grout 

His journey from Genesis to the Resurrection 

by Walt Wlltschek 

A study drawing for "Peter Denies Jesus." 
Jesus turns to lool( at Peter after liis tliird denial. 

12 Messenger June 1999 

Good things are happening at the Genesis 
Church of the Brethren, the denomination's 
lone outpost in Vermont. Attendance has been 
strong, enthusiasm is running high, and 
numerous new programs have been starting — par- 
ticularly ones geared toward evangelism. 

For all that success, however, the congregation's 
pastor, Paul Grout, is quick to say Genesis isn't 
some perfect paradise. He says it's had its struggles 
and failures just like every other church. 

That's okay, though, because 
perfection in itself isn't what con- 
cerns Grout. Following the 
example of the One who was per- 
fect, and helping others to follow 
it, does. 

"They're all about the same 
thing," Grout said of the myriad 
programs at Genesis, "giving our- 
selves to Christ. The foundation . . . 
is Christ." 

That foundation has been at the 
base of Grout's life since the 
beginning, when he was growing 
up in the Presbyterian church in 
Pennsylvania. Many other things 
have changed, but following 
Christ has remained at the center. 

Grout, 53, said through his 
leadership experiences and camp 

he had already begun then to feel a tug toward the 
ministry. That continued while he studied art at 
Kutztown University near Allentown, Pa., and as he 
taught art for five years at Manheim Township High 
School in Neffsville, Pa., near Lancaster. 

It was during that time in the late 1960s that Grout 
and his wife, Dorothy, discovered the Church of the 
Brethren in Lititz. They were concerned about issues 
happening in the country in the Vietnam era and felt 
the Brethren addressed some of those concerns. 

"We very quickly felt that we'd 
found a home," Grout said. "We 
had found a group of people 
attempting to live out what they 
believe. We wanted to live out a 
New Testament faith." 

And so they became part of the 
Lititz congregation and began to 
learn more. Grout admitted feeling 
a bit disillusioned when he 
attended his first Annual Confer- 
ence and watched the business 
there, but it didn't dissuade him 
and his wife from feeling a connec- 
tion to the Brethren. 

"All through our experience we 
felt a great love for the church," 
Grout said, "and that continues, 
locally and denominationally." 
Through the Brethren Grout 

programs in a youth group setting 

Paul Grout 

eventually did respond to his call 

The growing congregation of Genesis Church of the Brethren, Putney. Vt. 

Tune 1999 Messenger 1 3 

toward ministry, too, and he and 
Dorotiiy left their teaching posi- 
tions so that he could attend 
Bethany Theological Seminary in 
the early 1970s. 

They made financial plans to 
make it possible, then received an 
extra blessing when their first 
daughter, |enny, was born during 
their first year in Illinois. To sup- 
plement their income. Grout took a 
job sweeping up popcorn at a local 
theater to provide money for gro- 
ceries and other needs. 

Once seminary had been com- 
pleted, Grout headed to Custer, 
Mich., to become pastor of the 
Sugar Ridge congregation — the 
first full-time pastor the church 
had had in years. Grout said he still 
loved teaching, but the call to be a 
pastor "felt very natural, very 

The Grouts spent six years, from 
1975-81, at Sugar Ridge, and 
during that stay added another 
daughter, Sarah, to the family. 
Meanwhile, Grout continued con- 
versations with two other families 
who had been part of a "house 
church" with his family while at 
Bethany — Brethren pastors Dick 
Shreckhise in Pennsylvania and 
Dennis Coffman in West Virginia. 

The three had envisioned some- 
day starting a Church of the 
Brethren on the frontier, "some- 
place where Brethren had not yet 
been," Grout said. "We wanted to 
live out the New Testament and be 
away from cultural Brethrenism, 
where you have to 'do it this way or 
you're not really Brethren.'" 

Both Shreckhise and Coffman 

At National Youth Conference 1998, 

Paul Grout worked in meaningful 
silence to assemble his sculpture of 
fesus on the cross. After the cross 
was raised, he addressed the 
audience of thousands. 

eventually moved to pastorates in 
the Southern Pennsylvania District, 
and so they began to work through 
that district to carry out their 
vision. With the help of the General 
Board's Merle Crouse and the dis- 
trict, the vision became reality. 

In spring of 1981, the three fami- 
lies traveled to New England and 
settled in the southeastern corner 
of Vermont, near Brattleboro. 
Grout said they found lifestyle con- 
cerns that matched up well with 
their New Testament vision, such 
as a strong emphasis on social jus- 
tice and simple living, but in a very 
secular setting. The three families 
met up in Vermont in August of 
that year and lived in a tent for a 
week while they searched for hous- 
ing, which came in the form of a 
large old farmhouse needing reno- 
vation. They converted it into three 
apartments, and the Genesis pro- 
ject began. 

The fellowship met in a school 
for the first few years until a house 
in the town of Putney became 
available. After much prayer and 
discussion, they purchased the 
house and began to worship there, 
using a large room for a sanctuary 
and others for Sunday school and 

The three pastors, meanwhile, 
split one full-time salary and 
worked part-time to supply the rest 
and to reach out into the commu- 
nity. They picked apples together 
at first until Grout found work 
doing substitute teaching and then 
part-time teaching in art. Coffman 
and Shreckhise eventually left for 
(continued on p. 16) 

14 Messenger June 1999 

Bethany Seminary hosts 
Stations of the Resurrection 

The opportunity for worship and reflection at 
Bethany Theological Seminary, Richmond, 
Ind., was enriched this winter by the Stations 
of the Resurrection art display by Paul Grout, 
Church of the Brethren artist and pastor of 
Putney, Vt. 

Paul met with faculty, staff, and students 
from Bethany and affiliated seminary Earlham 
School of Religion for a meal and program that 
featured viewing his new video interpretation of 
the display. 

Bethany Theological Seminary's Katonah Fund 
for Faith and the Arts sponsored the display. The 
family of Stephen I. Katonah established the 
fund as a memorial to his life. It seeks to provide 
opportunities to reveal spiritual truths of justice 
and faith in contemporary life as depicted 
through various mediums of art. 

The display opened Ash Wednesday evening 
with a reception. Attendees included youth and 
advisors from the New Carlisle (Ohio) Church of 
the Brethren, who enjoyed the opportunity for an 
"up close and personal" visit with Grout, a 
speaker at last year's National Youth Conference. 

The display was housed in Bethany's Nicarry 
Chapel, with viewing hours for the public each 
weekend until Easter. About 200 people signed 
the guest register, including Bethany, Earlham 
School of Religion and Earlham College stu- 
dents, faculty, and staff, Richmond community residents, and others from a dozen states. 

Alvin Zunkel of Elkhart, Ind., traveled to Richmond twice to see the display, which he described as 
nificent." Paula Ulrich, a member of the Katonah Fund Committee, called the display "stunning." 

"Every time I look, I see more," she said. The Stations of the Resurrection video was shown repeatedly on 
local cable television. 

Kelly Burk, a 1999 graduate, says Grout's work is "truly a gift." The Bethany community is grateful for 
the opportunity to share the blessing of both the works and the artist. — Marcia Shetler 

A Study drawing for "The Scourging." 


Tune 1999 Messenger 1 5 

(continued from p. 14) 
other ministries, and Grout 
remained as the congrega- 
tion's full-time pastor. 

The art remained a signifi- 
cant part of Grout's life, 
however, and began to work its 
way into his ministry when he 
was asked to lead early morn- 
ing devotions at National 
Youth Conference in 1986. 

Grout spent that summer 
gathering limbs during hikes 
on Putney Mountain and 
carved them into rough pieces, 
finally assembling them into a 
large crucifix, "symbolic of my 
crucifying lesus," Grout said, 
building on Peter's sermon in 
Acts 2 when the apostle tells 
the people, "this lesus whom 
YOU crucified," extending to 
all of us. 

"Why (Jesus) needs to die 
is because of who we are," 
Grout said. "Only in that 
understanding can we truly 
come to Christ." 

He took that crucifix with 
him to NYC and to other fre- 
quent speaking engagements 

throughout the denomination. 
He used a new, even larger cru- 
cifix as part of a worship service 
at last summer's National Youth 
Conference in Fort Collins, 
Colo. The worship Grout led 
was a time that many of the 
youth in attendance called 
among the most moving experi- 
ences of the week. 

Grout began another major 
religious art project in the 
1990s when he became 
inspired by the Roman 
Catholics' Stations of the 
Cross. He decided to do 
something similar, and some 
advice from his father shaped 
the project. 

"He said you have a great 
theology of the cross," Grout 
said, "but you need to develop 
a theology of the resurrection. 
I took that to heart. My father 
had always been very special 
to me. 

"As I read and studied, 1 
found that the crucifixion was 
never mentioned apart from the 
resurrection and ascension. 
(continued on p. 18) 

A Study drawing for "Mary, Mother of Jesus. 


A mother's witness 

Geneva Kinzie, of Tonasket, Wash., died March 4 after a 
long life of service to God and to the Church of the 
Brethren. She was buried next to the grave of her hus- 
band in a wooden casket made by her three sons, Steve, 
David, and Tom. Tom Kinzie, who lives in Portland, Ore., 
shared this anecdote about her life: 

After World War II, my father finished his service at the 
Marine Hospital in Seattle and the whole family followed 
him there. My brother Dave and another young boy 
started the third grade together as new kids in the class. 

They were Kinzie and Kinjie, and because their names 
were so close they became best friends. Kinjie and his 
family had just returned from the internment camps. 
One day, Dave and Mom went to the neighborhood 
grocery store. A new owner had posted a sign, "No laps!" 
Dave asked Mom who were the Japs and Mom replied 
that Kinjie and his family were Japanese. Dave said, "But 
that means Kinjie can't shop here." And my mother 
replied, "And neither can we." 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, humorous or poignant 
stories of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694 or e-mail to the editor at 
ffarrar _gb(a' 

1 6 Messenger June 1999 

Stations of the Resurrection, tlie video 

Paul Grout's recent video, Stations of the Resurrection, is a work of art in itself. A 50-ininute program of 
Grout's art images, narrated by his own mellifluous voice with scripture readings by Susan Greenhart, and 
accompanied by sacred music ranging from Gregorian chant to African folk hymns, the program provides 
viewers with an uncommon spiritual experience. The video was taped and edited by David Sollenberger of 
Annville, Pa. 

The script offers "a deeper understanding of the fullness of God's revelation in lesus Christ" by explain- 
ing the theology of resurrection that Grout has reflected in his paintings and drawings. When lesus "sets his 
face toward 
lerusalem," he is 
focused "not only 
on his crucifixion 
but also on his 

The journey of 
fesus was "not a 
journey that led 
ultimately toward 
death, but toward 

There are reflec- 
tions here of the 
artist's impatience 
with the status quo. 
When Peter, James, 
and lohn are 
depicted falling 
asleep while Jesus 
prays, "they seem 
symbols of the wider 
church." And when 
an angry Jesus drives 
money-changers out 
of the temple, the 
narrator asks, "What makes Jesus angry?" and answers, "self-seeking systems and self -justifying religion." 

But the signature image is that of the tree of life. From Mary's womb comes the fruit that will be hung 
back on the tree, the cross, to reverse the action of Eve in the garden. This is the tree of life, "and the leaves 
of the tree are for the healing of the nations" (Rev. 22:2). 

Stations of the Resurrection, the video, offers a beautiful opportunity for worship and meditation. It is available 
for $19.95 from Brethren Press or from Genesis Church of the Brethren, Box 307, Putney, VT, 05346 (Tel. 802- 
387-4517). — Fletcher Farrar 

A Study drawing for "The Tree of Life." 

June 1999 Messenger 1 7 

A study drawing for "The Crucifixion. 

(continued from p. 16) 
fesus wasn't heading toward death. He was heading 
toward life." 

Thus Grout called his series of images the Stations of the 
Resurrection [see Messenger, April 1996]. He began with 
12 three-dimensional pieces portraying scenes from Jesus' 
last week, and gradually added more as people offered sug- 
gestions. There are now 19, ending with The Body of Christ 
to show Christ alive and present in today's world through 
the church. 

"They are all pieces of the picture. You had to see the 
pieces as a whole to understand the message," Grout 
said. "So many things came alive through that. The whole 
church participated." 

lust recently. Grout wanted to find a way to share this 
message with the wider church and worked with David 
Sollenberger, a Brethren video producer in Annville, Pa., 
to create a video of the pieces. The video, available 
through Brethren Press or the Genesis church, uses the 
19 images along with music and narration to convey the 
Holy Week message — again calling people back to follow- 
ing lesus' New Testament example [see p. 17]. 

"My role throughout ministry, I've felt, is not as an evan- 
gelist to the fallen world but as an evangelist to the fallen 
church," Grout said. "My role seems to have been the 
evangelization of the church," calling it out of cultural con- 
formity and back to lesus Christ and the heart of 
Christianity at its New Testament roots. 

That spirit has caught on at Genesis church. In 1990, 
the congregation began to outgrow its space and decided 
to build a new sanctuary attached to the original house. It 
has grown from its original cluster to a membership of 
about 65 and average attendance of 70 to 80. 

More recently. Grout said, the congregation has also 
sought to re-energize its spiritual life, breaking out of its 
comfort zone and regaining touch with its original mis- 

sion and Grout's steady motto: "Take God more seri- 
ously: take yourself less seriously." 

"Only recently some of us looked at ourselves and 
wondered if we hadn't started to become the church we 
dreaded," Grout said. "As things began to work for us, we 
got comfortable. We've started to call ourselves back." 

Members of the congregation have provided the impe- 
tus for new evangelistic programs such as new worship 
committees, an early-morning men's group, cell groups, 
and a new peace and justice committee. 

A large ad in the local newspaper advertised a recent 
special service looking at the abundant violence in the 
world, inviting people to come to Genesis and develop a 
relationship with the Prince of Peace. An additional grant 
from an anonymous donor will equip the congregation to 
address peace concerns. Following lesus' call remains the 
underlying focus, though. 

"We are pretty strongly involved right now," Grout 
said. "Everything happening in the world (such as 
Kosovo and the Colorado school shootings) is spurring 
us on. Programs are popping up all over the place, a lot of 
things at once. . . . We realized we weren't reaching 
people who hadn't had contact with the church. It's a new 
start, really. 

"We've certainly had our struggles and failures, too, but 
God used everything to draw us closer together. Where it 
will all go, I don't know." 

He does know the direction he wants it to head, however: 
down the path of New Testament Christianity, following 
in the footsteps of lesus Christ. 


Wall Wiltschek. associate pastor at the Westminster (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren, first became acquainted with Paul Grout during a youth workcainp 
more tlian a decade ago. Wiltsclielc writes. "I liave ahvays been impressed by 
tlie sincerity of Ijis faith and the depth of his spirituality, in addition to his 
amazing artistic sliills. He has a real heart for young people, too. " 

18 Messenger Tune 1999 

Dawn breaks over resting cattle at the peace conference site in Wiinlit, Sudan. 

The white bull of peace 

Brethren help out at the historic Dinka-Nuer Peace Conference in southern Sudan 

BY Philip and Louise Baldwin Rieman 

(t is hard to describe our feelings when we received an 
e-mail message asking if it would be possible for us 
to come to the New Sudan Council of Churches 
(NSCC) offices in Nairobi, Kenya, to work during 
January and February 1999 for a Dinka-Nuer Peace 
Conference in southern Sudan. When we heard the news 
we were so excited we felt the impulse to jump up and 
down like children. The thrill came from our love for the 
people and an eagerness to see and work with them again, 
especially on such a peace effort. We were eager to return 
to the land we came to love when we'd worked there from 
1992 to 1996 as General Board field workers. 

We knew that the Dinka and Nuer tribes in southern 
Sudan had been warring for years, compounding the suf- 
fering both tribes have experienced from the Sudanese 
civil war between the north and the south. Thousands of 

people have died at the cruel hands of each other's tribes. 
Hundreds of thousands of cattle have been stolen. It has 
been a rough past between the Dinka and the Nuer. And 
yet they also recognize that they are truly brothers and 

The peace conference was born at the grass roots with 
local chiefs who gathered in a |une 1998 workshop in 
Lokichoggio, Kenya. About 55 chiefs and church leaders 
came together and worked out a Nuer-Dinka Loki 
Accord, signed and thumb-printed by the participants. 

Specific plans for the conference came out of ongoing 
peace efforts of the New Sudan Council of Churches 
(NSCC). It was a huge undertaking. Help was needed. - 
So, in response to the invitation, we returned to Africa to 
work with Haruun Ruun, the general secretary of NSCC, 
and the Church of the Brethren's Merlyn Kettering, 

June 1999 Messenger 19 

A Dinka peace leader. 

Sudanese woman and child. 

strategic advisor to NSCC, who helped organize the team 
to prepare for this conference. Bill Lowrey (Presbyterian 
Church USA) arrived later to facilitate the pre-conference 
meetings and the conference itself, though it was the 
Sudanese who led the sessions. 

Most of our work was "foot-washing service" for the 
actual peacemaking that would happen at the conference 
between the local leaders of the Nuer and Dinka people. 
We needed to communicate in a land with no mail system 
nor telephones and with too few radios 
between villages. We needed to orga- 
nize transportation where there is 
practically no infrastructure and one 
has to depend on chartered flights for 
travel. And we had to spend consider- 
able time working on fund-raising for 
this event. Tukols (huts) had to be built 
to house the conference participants, 
and the large meeting hall had to be 
built with mud, tree trunks, branches, 
grass, and palm fronds. A well had to 
be dug and latrines made. 

The site was chosen for security rea- 
sons — an obscure village not on the 
maps. It was hoped the site would not be 
known by the Sudanese government in 
Khartoum, which was still known to 
bomb any area in the South. Any item 
needed during the conference had to be 
purchased and transported to the area — 
blankets (as beds), mosquito nets, cook- 
ing utensils, bowls, cups, silverware, 
candles, matches, buckets, and food. 

Finally, after more than a month of logistical work 
done from NSCC offices in Nairobi, Kenya, we 
went to the conference site in southern Sudan to 
help with preparations. We spent two weeks work- 
ing with Sudanese to establish the solar-powered 
electrical system for sound and lights and computer tran- 
scription of the meetings in the large hall, and for radio 
communications. It was a delight to work among people 
who didn't try to hide their awe at seeing for the first time 
a hand drill, a staple gun (we had yards 
of electrical cord to fasten to rafters), 
or microphones and speakers. We 
shared in their laughter as many tried 
out the miracle of hearing their voices 
amplified. We found ourselves in awe 
of the wide differences in our worlds 
and their gracious and delightful 
acceptance of us and our strange ways 
and equipment. 

Meanwhile, the international com- 
munity was becoming directly involved 
in the pre-conference events, which 
included confidence-building visits by 
Dinka chiefs to Nuer territory, and 
visits by Nuer chiefs to Dinka territory. 
NSCC and human rights representa- 
tives and media from England and the 
US were present to witness the historic 
"chiefs exchange." After gathering at 
the conference site, which was in 
Dinka territory, the Dinka boarded a 
chartered plane to fly to Nuer land. 
{continued on p. 22} 

Elderlv Nuer leader. 

20 Messenger June 1999 

Happy memories of passing the peace 

As Church of the Brethren General Board field workers we worked 
with the New Sudan Council of Churches from December 1992 to 
May 1996, ending the last six months of that year doing interpretation 
work in churches and some schools here in the US. 

During our time in Sudan we helped to establish a peace department 
at the council and were appointed as its first staff. As we prepared to 
return to Sudan this year, memories came back to us of workshops 
with the Sudanese, focusing on peace from biblical, cultural and mul- 
ticultural, and visionary perspectives. We worked at a grass-roots 
level, and with a long-term vision for ways of keeping and monitoring 
peace once it was made. 

We had met with pastors, with women's groups, with young adults, 
with community leaders such as chiefs and elders, as well as with 
church leaders (bishops) and others to work together on how peace 
could be made in Sudan in light of our Christian beliefs. 

We remember the time in Yomciir in 1996 when we were with some 
Dinka pastors and women church leaders sharing |esus' teachings 
about peace and love. A couple of pastors spoke out that they remem- 
bered when Phil had been with them earlier on a peace workshop and 
had encouraged them to love their enemies and to make peace with 
them. The Mandari, the Murle, and the Nuer were considered ene- 
mies. "Now," they said, "look, here is a Mandari man with us in this 
workshop today. And we are preparing to talk with the Murle and 

steps are beginning with 

At the peace conference, a joyous 
reunification of women from northern 
Sudan and southern Sudan 

Two young boys headed for the 
Wunlit peace conference site. 
the Nuer." They were 

taking [esus' teachings seriously and making them a part of 
their lives even in difficult circumstances. 

At that same seminar, when Louie shared in discussions 
about peace with the women, lifting up the teachings of [esus 
and other biblical understandings about justice and peace, one 
woman asked outright, "Does this mean we should not fight?" 

Louie realized she came from a life-long understanding of 
Christian pacifism and these women from a fight for liberation 
in their land. But she believed the answer was to be found 
within them. She said, "If we are Christian, we are committed 
to love and follow Christ. We learn his ways and try to live 
them." The woman moved Louie profoundly as she responded, 
"I think we should not fight." 

We remember the stories we'd hear at the workshops, of for- 
giveness, of efforts to be reconciled. 

We remember the time we were invited to go to Ayod in 
1 995 just to meet with a few pastors to plan a peace workshop 
for a later date. When we got there, instead of a few people, 
there were about 1 75 chiefs and elders, women church lead- 
ers, and others who came to be involved in planning to work 
for peace. We heard the people tell about returning enemy 
prisoners to their people and about how enemy Nuer and 
Dinka were starting to walk safely and freely in each other's 
areas and how, in fact, there were people there who had both 
Dinka and Nuer parents. The conclusion was, "We are each 
other's children." — Louie and Phil Rieman 

Tune 1999 Messenger 21 

White bull about to be slaughtered on the opening day of 
the Wunlit peace conference. 

being slaughtered, Feb. 28. 1999 

A Nuer chief steps over the slaughtered bull, a ceremonial 
sign of endorsing peace. 

(continued from p. 20) 

They were royally welcomed by being lifted onto the shoul- 
ders of women and carried from the airstrip to the church 
where their feet were washed in cool, refreshing water. 

Then the Nuer chiefs visited Dinka territory. After the 
pre -conference visit, the Nuer chiefs were able to assure 
their own people that they would indeed be safe at the peace 
conference, which would be held in "enemy" territory. 

When the Nuer chiefs arrived at the conference site, 
where they were once again in Dinka land, they were wel- 
comed with the slaughter of a small white bull, a symbol 
for peace. Each one stepped over the bull in honor of the 
welcome, good will, and desire for reconciliation. To walk 
over such a sacrifice is a privilege, and the guests did it 
with a mixture of solemnity and joy. They seemed to be 
deeply honored to enter this formerly "enemy" area with 
such dignity. 

Some of the chiefs were carried for a part of the long 
distance from the airstrip to the peace conference site. 
The older ones rode in an ancient truck. Chanting, shout- 
ing, and singing welcomed the visitors to the area. 

By the first day of the conference, representatives from 
church and peace organizations in Kenya, Germany, 
Denmark, and Sweden had joined the other observers. 
The churches represented at the conference, were Angli- 
can/Episcopalian, Presbyterian, Africa Inland, Catholic, 
Sudan Interior, the Church of the Brethren, and Church 
Aid from Denmark, England, and Germany. 

The international community was not directly involved in 
the peacemaking efforts, but it was made clear to us that we 
played an important role. Our presence and financial sup- 
port conveyed our caring for the Sudanese and what is 
happening in their land. The Sudanese expressed deep 
appreciation for our witnessing their efforts for peace. They 
told each other that they had better be very serious about 
keeping the peace agreements, because the world would be 
watching them. The international and ecumenical presence 
provided a sense of a wider community, and deepened the 
hope for greater concern and involvement in the struggles 
and accomplishments of the people in southern Sudan. 

The opening ceremony of the traditional spiritual lead- 
ers, spear masters, elders, women, youth, and chiefs was 
interesting to watch. There were parades of chiefs and 
other leaders making their way to the circle around the 
big, stately, white peace bull tied to a large stake in front 
of the meeting hall. There was dancing, singing, mock 
fighting, and finally the slaughter of the bull. 

But it was the passion and determination for peace which 
really excited us. The air was electric with anticipation. The 
people, fervent with good will, were ready for resolutions. 
Speeches were full of the power of their desire for unity and 
peace. In fact, some of the speakers said the peace had 
already been made. Now they just had to be sure to keep it. 

Normally, the killing of the bull would have come at the 
end of the peace meeting to seal a successful covenant. 

22 Messenger June 1999 

But the fervor for peace was so strong, 
the fevered passion for the long-awaited 
reconcihation was so intense, that the 
bull was killed before we'd even met 
inside the meeting hall for the formal 
opening speeches. 

But the grievances still had to be aired, 
the stories told. For two days the Dinkas 
spoke, then for two days the Nuers 
spoke. Some expressed sorrow, some 
anger. One woman who spoke declared 
she and other women would no longer 
give birth to babies who would be sent 
out to die. The speakers proclaimed the 
necessity to end the violence, to put the 
past behind them, and turn a new page. 
l\s men and women spoke, representing 
their tribes, they would often call up thei 
counterpart from the other tribe, and 
they would embrace and raise their 
joined hands in a sign of reconciliation 
and unity. It was a stirring and awesome 
sight. We wished more Brethren could 
have joined us as observers, though the 
denomination's presence was felt. 

As we each introduced ourselves in the opening speeches 
of the conference, we gave greetings from our denomination 
and told of the early involvement of the Church of the 
Brethren in Sudan, our participation in NSCC, and our 
ongoing prayers and support. We felt the collective presence 
of the church in that place, and we trust the Sudanese people 
felt it too. 

We have a copy of the peace covenant signed in Dinka- 
land. It is a sign that the Dinka and Nuer people of the 
Nile's West Bank have reconciled. They have agreed to live 
peacefully as neighbors and as members of one family. 

Now we hear about proposals for more peace conferences 
in the future between other warring tribes and factions. The 

Nuer chief's canes outside of 
peace conference meeting hall. 

international community, donors, partners of 
the New Sudan Council of Churches, includ- 
ing the Church of the Brethren, join the 
Sudanese in their interest in this pursuit of 

Perhaps the work for peace in southern 
Sudan is happening like the early mission- 
ary work. The seeds are planted and then 
the Sudanese explode in growth. When the 
missionaries were expelled by the govern- 
ment from Sudan in 1964, church growth 
took off with incredible enthusiasm. Now 
the people are tired of the war, tired of all 
the killing and violence, dislocation, result- 
ing famine and lack of development. They 
want peace, and seeds have been planted. 
Now the people are working hard and 
enthusiastically for reconciliation and 
unity. But they need the support of the ecu- 
menical church and the international 
community. We trust the Church of the 
Brethren will be an ongoing part of this 
support and work for peace. 


Philip and Louise Baldwin Rieman. of Wabash. Ind.. are pas- 
tors, former missionaries, and peacemakers. They add these notes 
of gratitude: "We are so very grateful for the concern and com- 
passion of the Church of the Brethren to be willing to be involved 
in a country torn by war and local conflicts, and for the support 
of this effort by Merv Keeney, director for Global Mission Part- 
nerships. We are thankful for the team effort of the Wabash 
Church of the Brethren, where we pastor, who saw this as part of 
their mission and sent us as tJieir representatives to be involved 
with this peace conference. We are also grateful and indebted to 
Church of tire Brethren NSCC consultant Merlyn Kettering and 
his wife. Una. and son. Kahlil. who so graciously took us into 
their home while we were working in Nairobi, and to the staff of 
NSCC for their gracious teamwork. " 


Never too young to participate 

Keithan Michael O'Brien is just 1 5 months 
old, but he is already a veteran of the chil- 
dren's sermon time at Cherry Lane Church of 
the Brethren, Clearville, Pa. His parents, 
Michael and Sonya O'Brien, asked Pastor 
Kate Spire to implement children's messages soon after 
Keithan's birth, and he has been a regular at children's 
messages since he was four months old. On April I 1, 

when, in the absence of the pastor, Congrega- 
tional Life Team coordinator Ian Kensinger 
presented the Brethren children's classic Faith 
the Cow, Keithan had a ready response: 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, humorous or poignant sto- 
ries of real-life incideitts involving Brethren. Please send your submission to 
,V/issf,sc£R. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60 1 20- 1 694 or e-mail to the editor at 

lune 1999 Messenger 23 

Jim Sackett, father o/ Messenger designer Marianne Sacl\elt. enjoying the company of grandson Jackson 

BY Victor Stoltzfus 

1\Tq^ grandparents often tell me 
1. V that they underestimated the joy 
and responsibility of their new rela- 
tionship. It is not only the wonder of 
holding a baby that carries our 
genes. It is also the new bond to their 
children who have suddenly become 
parents. There is often a special grat- 
itude born of the realization that one 
time, long ago, a mother and father 
did all that for them. 

Sixty-five years ago my grandpar- 
ents welcomed me to a home they 
shared with my parents. I wonder: 
did they respond to me like I respond 
to my grandchildren? I remember my 
grandmother's proverbs and Bible 
verses, especially the oft-repeated, 
"Why spend money on that which is 
not bread"? I remember the time my 
grandfather made the mistake of 
turning his back on a billy goat that 
he had been teasing. He was sore for 
a week. I remember how my grand- 

parents read books to me until their 
throats were dry during my child- 
hood illnesses. Today, many children 
have only one parent. How grateful I 
am to have had two parents and two 
grandparents amid the turkeys, 
chickens, plants, and weeds of our 
small truck farm. 

Today three-generation households 
are mostly limited to Amish commu- 
nities. We have higher divorce rates 
and often many miles between 
grandparents and grandchildren. 
However, the role of the grandpar- 
ents survives and often thrives in the 
modern world. Our role is secondary 
but still significant. We can find ways 
to be supportive without interfering. 

What do grandparents do for grand- 
children? This past summer five 
grandchildren and one or more par- 
ents were in our home, some for three 
weeks, others for eight weeks. Our 
time together was delightful! Grand- 
parents can take a young child from 
boredom to intense pleasure in min- 

utes. The key is sustained, undivided 
adult attention to an activity that 
engages their imagination. 

Young children are delighted by a 
strong push on a 30-foot tire swing, 
picking cherry tomatoes, or visiting a 
farm and seeing new kittens. It is sur- 
prising how much delight children 
find in working with an adult who 
instructs and praises for a job well 
done. It takes more time, but a small 
child can drop tulip bulbs into the 
hole. They can turn grandma's food 
grinder and squeeze out apple sauce. 
At times the delight comes when we 
step aside and watch them carry out a 
project such as building a hospital for 
sick animals. Some adults would look 
with a jaundiced eye and call the 
whole effort a mess. For the child, it \i 
a beautiful, tangible expression of 
their care for birds, squirrels, or any 
sick or injured animals. 

Experiences of human delight lay 
the groundwork for relating to the 
God of the Bible. "The Lord delights 

24 Messenger June 1999 

n those who fear him, who put their 
lope in his unfailing love" (Psa. 
147:11). Children need experiences of 
tiuman delight if they are to ever think 
of a God who is delighted with them. 
Parents necessarily teach a lot of 
"ought," "must," and "should" to 
move children toward adulthood. But 
these necessary disciplines take on a 
different color and texture if we 
believe the awesome God who com- 
mands is also the One who delights in 
us and invites us to delight in Him. 

It isn't easy to grow up. Little ones 
are often fearful. Grandparents can 
reassure that the dark is friendly 
space. We tell them that the loud 
train will not leave the tracks and run 
over them, it is safe to go to chil- 
dren's time in an unfamiliar church. 
They can learn to swim. Children 
need assurance that all will be well 
the first day of school and that a 
scratched knee will heal. A broken 
toy need not be a permanent loss. 
Grandpa has glue. 

Public shaming is a real fear. Com- 
petitive children just hate to lose a 
(foot race or a word game. They need 
reassurance that losing a contest is 
not a stain for life. And with time, 
they will learn that no one wins every 
contest. Someone out there is faster 
or smarter or both. A frequent mes- 
sage to adults in the Bible is "fear 
not." Overcoming fear as a child is a 
necessary step to coping with adoles- 
cent and adult fears later on. 
Grandparents can help a frightened 
child shrink threats down to a man- 
ageable size. 

Doubts sometimes haunt children. 
Walking down the street, completely 
out of the blue, I was asked by a five- 
year-old grandchild, "Do you believe 
in God?" 1 was tempted to say too 
much. I restrained myself to saying 
that yes, I do believe in God. I 
believe because the Bible teaches 
about God. because of the wonder of 
nature and God's love shown by my 
parents and church people. That was 
enough. She said very little in 
response but 1 hope my few words 
were reassuring at the time and per- 
haps food for thought later on. 

We live in a world where both chil- 

dren and adults value lots of tangible 
things. It is no wonder that children 
sometimes doubt a God who is silent 
and invisible. Grandparents can pro- 
vide safe space for the doubts that 
children might be ashamed to 
express to parents and other adults. 

Grandparents tell the stories that 
root children in family history. 1 am 
repeatedly asked for stories about 
when I was a little boy. Children 
must deal with rapid changes at 
home, at school, and even inside 
their developing bodies. It is reassur- 
ing to know that they are part of a 
larger, continuing story. In the 
future, our furniture, our photos, 
and tombstones will be their link to 
family history. For now, we have a 
brief time to make and share memo- 
ries. So much of the Hebrew and 
Christian faith consists of words and 
rituals of remembering. Grandpar- 
ents who make the past attractive 
and remembering important encour- 
age a rooted faith. 

What do grandchildren do for 
grandparents? Anyone who has ever 
taken an unhurried walk with a curi- 
ous child will see the world in a new 
way. Trees have leaves, climbing limbs, 
and bark with texture. Granddaddy 
long legs insects can climb up glass, 
morning dew sparkles, and bossy jays 
chase other birds away from the 
feeder. Nature is wondrous to a child. 
Grandchildren share their gift of 
wonder with us. The pace of a child's 
walk slows us down so that we observe 
things we would ordinarily miss. 

"Grandma (or Grandpa), I love 
you." The affection of a grandchild is 
different from the routine good 
wishes we receive from other adults. 
It comes with sparkling eyes and a 
lilt in the voice. It is often sponta- 
neous, expressed in a time and place 
where we did not expect it. Some of 
the most formal, even formidable 
adults I have ever met, go into emo- 
tional meltdown when a grandchild 
says, "1 love you." 

Grandchildren, even at a tender 
age, mirror back bits of ourselves. 1 
wish it were only the most admirable 
aspects of our lives but alas, the 
mirror is honest. We don't do a lot of 

psychological or physical changing in 
the later decades of our lives. Grand- 
children make a hopeful new 
beginning. Working with and along- 
side parents, we may be able to 
interpret the inherited strengths and 
weaknesses of our grandchildren in a 
helpful manner. 

Grandchildren strengthen our con- 
nections to the larger web of life. We 
meet their friends at a birthday party 
and we are invited to grandparents 
day at school. When grandchildren 
are in tow we have a reason to 
engage in brief conversations with 
other grandparents who are 
strangers in a grocery store. Some 
grandparents travel 1,000 miles or 
more for the service of infant dedica- 

But most important of all, we relate 
in new and creative ways to their 
parents. Today's two-career parents, 
also involved in church and civic life, 
are very busy people. Grandparents 
can clean, shop, and provide emo- 
tional support when a child is born. 
We can also provide time for a par- 
ents' night out or even a vacation 
when parental batteries run low. 

Folks in the adult world are espe- 
cially quick to ask us retired people if 
we are busy. Grandchildren connect 
us to guilt-free leisure. Grandchil- 
dren connect us to our deeper, 
reflective selves. 

Grandparents, parents, and grand- 
children have much to offer each 
other. Even when grandparents joke 
about enjoying the taillights as much 
as the headlights of their children's 
cars, they know and feel a deeper 
truth. We may get tired at night when 
the house is filled with little people 
but it is one of the most rewarding 
forms of fatigue we will ever 


Victor Stoltzfits. of Goshen. Ind.. is the 
retired president of Goshen College and is 
now active in writing, speaking, and con- 
sulting. He engages in grandparenting in 
Tucson and Baltimore "when our children 
need backup help or a new one is born. " 
He says he remembers fondly his Church 
of the Brethren neighbors at Martinsburg, 
Pa., his boyhood home. 

June 1999 Messenger 25 


Involve us 

Survey yields hopeful results 

Mountaintop experience: Youth at NYC expressed 
llieir eiuhiisiasin for being part of the church. 

BY Walt Wiltschek 

Have you ever wondered what the 
youth in your church are think- 
ing — really thinking? 

Have you wondered how they felt 
about the church? Have you been 
curious about what they believe? Have 
you wanted to know what they liked 
about worship, or how that worship 
affects their lives outside of church? 

Well, it's time to listen. The youth 
have spoken. 

A survey of more than 50 questions 
was distributed at last summer's 
National Youth Conference, and 
more than 2,300 senior high youth 
responded. After months of 
painstaking work to input and tabu- 
late the information gleaned, a 
snapshot of Church of the Brethren 
youth has emerged. 

"A number of different surveys and 
research materials had been done 
about youth, and 1 thought it would 
be nice to have input from Brethren 
youth, see how they compare and 
contrast with others," said Dave 
Witkovsky, pastor of nurture at the 
Roaring Spring (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren and a family counselor. 

Using some questions from other 
surveys plus some original ones com- 
piled by talking to people at Annual 
Conference and elsewhere, 
Witkovsky put together an initial list 
of questions. loe Hinish, an indus- 

trial psychologist and the 
small groups coordinator 
at NYC, revised the 
survey to increase its reli- 
ability, and others looked 
it over to make critiques 
and add finishing 

Then the youth took 
their turn, answering 
questions about personal 
opinions and beliefs, feel- 
ings about the church and 
Brethren practices, family, and per- 
sonal actions. 

While most of the results followed 
the trends that emerged in other sur- 
veys, Witkovsky said, the answers 
should cause Brethren congregations 
to take a good look at their youth 

Chris Douglas, the denomination's 
coordinator of youth/young adult 
ministry, has indeed found much to 
think about since seeing the results. 
A few of the responses particularly 
grabbed her attention. 

For example, youth said that if they 
could be guaranteed church leaders 
would listen to them, the one thing 
they'd most like to ask is to find ways 
to get teenagers more involved in the 
life of the church. 

"I found that fascinating," Douglas 
said, "because I think there's a per- 
ception out there by many adults that 
youth aren't all that interested in 

"The second highest response to 
the question was 'Give teenagers 
more responsibility to help make 
decisions in the church.' When you 
put those two together, you get over 
800 youth who responded that they 
want to be more involved in the life 
of the church. That feels to me to be 
a very significant response." 

Other things that stuck out for 
Douglas: Youth listed prayer time as 
the most meaningful part of worship 

to them, followed by praise songs 
and singing hymns; and an over- 
whelming majority of youth said that 
nobody in their congregations had 
ever approached them about going 
into the pastoral ministry or other 
church vocations. 

Most had fairly clear views and 
opinions about God and lesus but 
were widely divided on the Holy 
Spirit. Almost all said their religious 
beliefs affect the way they acted at 
school and with friends at least some 
of the time. 

Fewer than 5 percent feel feet- 
washing is an outdated practice, 
although more than half wanted to 
see flexibility in the style of the love 
feast. Most youth felt well-educated 
about love feast, communion, and 
baptism, but far fewer felt that way 
about Brethren history. 

About two-thirds said faith had 
become more important to them in 
the past year. More than a third, 
however, said they never hear their 
father or other primary adult male 
talk about his faith, and about 20 
percent said they didn't hear their 
mother talk about her faith. 

"I hope local congregations will 
really look at what young people are 
saying and shape their ministry 
accordingly," said Douglas, who also 
plans to use the results to shape 
denominational programming like 
future NYCs, National Youth Sunday 
materials, and training opportunities, 

"Every time I talk with youth advi- 
sors, I'm going to be talking with them 
about this response of young people 
— get teens more involved, give them 


more responsibility. This is an 
important cry for us to hear." 

Walt Wiltschek is associate pastor for 
youth and Christian education at the 
Westminster (Md.) Church of the Brethren 
and a member of the denomination's 
(unior High Ministry Task Force. 

26 Messenger June 1999 


jingrich legacy survives 
n unfunded mandates 

Congratulations on your April edito- 
■ial, "Squelch the squelchers," about 

he item of business regarding 
'unfunded mandates." To borrow a 
Duaker phrase, "It spoke to my con- 

1 have been wondering who came 
jp with the "unfunded mandates" 
iroposal ever since 1 heard of it. 
'Unfunded mandates" is, after all, 
bne of the phrases Newt Gingrich 
but in his "Contract with America," 
and cutting social spending was high 
on his list of priorities. Could the 
'culture wars" of the religious right 
lave carried over into a battle for the 
2hurch of the Brethren? Some folks 
lave been complaining about a so- 

alled "liberal bias" at Elgin for 
^ears; have the same folks been so 
quick to adopt their own conserva- 
tive bias in its place? 

Bill Bowser 
Martinsburg. Pa. 

Casting stones 

Thanks for a great April editorial on 
the unfunded mandates proposal! 
Now I'm waiting to hear from some 

separation of powers" purist who 
will decry an employee trying to tell 
Annual Conference what to do. 

You raise a complicated and com- 
plex issue and make some helpful 
observations. Another side of the 
coin is how Annual Conference can 

un-fund" some longstanding pro- 
grams that have outlived their 
usefulness — "long-funded sacred 
cows." There has to be a better way 
than a restructure process! There's 
also the problem of doing only those 
things that win in a popularity con- 
test for dollars — which is no way to 
run a family or denominational 

You make a good point! At the 
same time, we'd better pray for our 
faithful General Board members who 
have to make tough budget decisions 
after listening to you and competing 
voices while trying to discern God's 
will in the cacaphony. If it's a matter 
of choosing between the board and a 
Program Feasibility Committee as 
the decision-maker, my inclinations 
are in favor of the General Board (or 
OEPA or ABC, as the case may be); 
it's part of their original charter as 
administrative "arms" of Annual 
Conference and they each represent 
a broader base of interests and expe- 
riences than is likely to characterize 
a "watchdog" PFC. 

Maybe some new language needs 
to be inserted in the GB, OEPA, and 
ABC bylaws that gives them until the 
next Annual Conference to respond 
to "mandates" with affirmative 
action or a "show cause" report of 

Norman L. Harsh, 
Roanoke, Va. 

She is a tender God 

I don't usually get upset reading too 
many articles in Messenger, but 
April's article by Harold Martin titled, 
"God is a tender God," deeply frus- 
trated me. After reading the beginning 
paragraphs which readily and appro- 
priately acknowledged that "It is 
impossible for any of us to totally com- 
prehend the nature of God," and that 
"the being and attributes of God have 
always been a profound study," and 
that "when we study the nature of God 
we must be careful not to dwell upon 
one attribute to the neglect of 
another," I was at first refreshed. 
"What a nice admittance that we as 
humans are so limited by our earthly 
concepts and language to be able to 
fully describe and know God," I 
thought. "What a nice caution to us." 

Yet to read in the section "the 
mother who comforts," references to 
God like and as Mother, followed by 
continuous immediate references to 
God as "He" and "himself" only 
seemed nonsensical and as a lack of 
follow-through on the first com- 
ments. How frustrating! Poor God, 
in a neat little box again. 

It seemed awkward and even ridicu- 
lous to hear Harold Martin begin that 
section talking about how God is as a 
mother comforting her child and then 
refer to God, in that section, with the 
pronoun "He" over and over. If we 
acknowledge God's expansiveness 
beyond ourselves as well as God's 
knowability. and if we acknowledge 
that God is, of course, in fact not liter- 
ally a man or a woman, then why, in 
God's name, is it so hard for us to uti- 
lize "She" and "Herself," as well as 
"He" and "Himself?" Particularly 
when talking of God in reference to 
female attributes! 

Barbara Brown Taylor's book. 
When God Is Silent, contains a won- 
derful first section discussing the 
limits, frustrations, and even lack of 
integrity where our language is con- 
cerned. At one point, Taylor takes 
time to talk about how God was not 
to be named because to name God 
was to indeed limit God and seemed 
in fact blasphemous. At this point in 
my life, and after reading articles 
such as that one, lovely at points, 
and yet floundering with our lan- 
guage, I am about ready to go back 
to this idea of not naming God for 
the sake of saving God's uniqueness 
and unlimitedness. 

Someday I pray we (myself 
included, as I wrestle with this as a 
pastor in the pulpit) can use He or 
She to refer to God without even 
thinking about it. Those of us in the 
pulpits need more support from lead- 
ers who step forward and speak 
about how God is not a human man 

June 1999 Messenger 27 

or a human woman, and how, 
although we know God, God is also 
beyond ourselves. And then we need 
them to switch off their pronouns to 
follow through. 

Erin Matteson 
Wheaton, III. 

March around the world 

Thanks for the great March issue. It 
was, for me, a gift and a blessing. 
David Radcliff's keen analysis of 
what causes hunger, along with 
strong biblical reflection on justice 
teachings in the Old and New Testa- 
ments, make the use of the Global 


■ ■ ■ ' 

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tion is distihctive! Students find 
opportunities for academic 
achievement; intellectual curiosity^ 
and spiritual development, and 
programs that foster maturity, 
leadership, and service. The six 
Church of the Brethren colleges, 
along v^ith Bethany Seminary and 
Brethren Colleges Abroad (BCA) 
are collaborating to encourage 
Brethren students to study and 
grow in a Brethren setting. 
Join us in promoting Brethren 
higher education. 

^Brethren Colleges Abroad 
North Manchester, Indiana 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
Richmond, Indiana 

Bridgewater College 
Bridgewater, Virginia 

Elizabethtown College 
Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania 

Juniata College 
Huntingdon, Pennsylvania 

University of La Verne 
, La Verne, California 

Manchester College 
North Manchester, Indiana 

McPherson College 
McPherson, Kansas 


The Brethren Recruiting Project • Church of the Brethren General Board 
1 45 1 Dundee Ave. • Elgin, IL 60 1 20-9958 

Food Crisis Fund a clear response to 
the Gospel as I see it. 

Sue Wagner Fields has helped us tc 
know that not all disasters are acts of 
nature. They are often rooted in 
human greed and sinful systems. 
During this past year, my wife, 
Doris, and I have witnessed firsthanc 
the evil effects of international debt 
and environmental degradation on 
the people of Haiti, especially the 
rural poor. 

We have also seen the fruits of 
visionary mission schools during a 
visit to South Africa. But the schools 
are only one part of what has pro- 
duced a generation of strong black 
women who now occupy key roles in 
the building of the new South Africa. 

Fletcher Farrar does well to reminc 
us that mission in the manner of 
Christ includes both speaking and 
listening for what God is already 
doing in the lands to which we go, 
even before we arrive. 

This and much more made the 
March issue of Messenger a beauti- 
ful and challenging one. Keep up the 
good work. 

Benton Rhoade. 
Claremont, Calif 


Glendale Church of the Brethren 

Services at Centennial High School 
14388 N. 79th Avenue 
Peoria, AZ Office # (623)587-1911 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Phoenix 1st Church of the Brethren 

3609 N. 27th Street 

Phoenix, AZ 830 1 6 (602) 955-8537 

Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tlicson Church of the Brethren 

2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson. AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 

Sunday Services 1 0:00 AM 

28 Messenger June 1999 

The blessings of borders 

I am writing to address some con- 
derns I inave about your editorial in 
the March issue, "The last great 

I was raised in the Church of the 
Brethren and now am a member of the 
United Methodist Church. My con- 
cerns about your recent message 
involve a genera! concern I have for 
the Brethren at large. It seems as 
though the borders of this nation are 
only important if they fit into our neat 
theological package. If not, we are 
happy to discard them as if they pos- 
sess no value in God's great plan. 

In my life I have come to realize 
that without the protection of the 
"artificial" borders of this nation, I 
would not have the ability to express 
my opinions freely, worship in my 
own way, and go to serve humanity 
anywhere in the world without 
extreme risk to my life. 

In my conversations with my 
Brethren friends I see a naive vision of 
the world, one that is made up of 
people with the same values, laws, 
and philosophy that we have created 
for ourselves. Unfortunately there are 
many evil people in this world who 
iwould destroy us. This should be 
obvious in light of recent events in 
Littleton, Colo., and Kosovo. 

While I do not believe that our policy 
in Kosovo, i.e., to bomb it until it is no 
more, is sound peacekeeping policy, I 
also don't believe that stripping the 
American military down to nothing will 

accomplish anything for peace. I believe 
peace comes in a troubled world by 
having the US retain its strong military 
presence. I believe we must love this 
nation and embrace its profound 
responsibility to the world as a "super- 
power" in the spirit of Christ's 
teachings. We must protect its borders 
and maintain some healthy self-interests 
if we are to do any good in any other 
part of the world where needs are great. 
Carol L. Ebener 
LaSalle. III. 

Peace Book goes to school 

My attention has been focused on vio- 
lence, especially in schools. The 
Brethren theme, "Another way of 
living. Peacefuly. Simply. Together," 
also speaks against violence. The 
recent beautiful little booklet, from 
the Brethren Witness office. The 
Peace Book, is a great way to present 
to others the idea of peace. 

The Michigan District Witness 
Commission is presenting a challenge 
and an opportunity to churches. We 
are giving to each church a small 
number of books and asking them, 
when school begins this fall, to go to 
nearby middle or high schools and 
offer The Peace Book as a reference 
for the school library or indicate a 
book can be ordered for each child. 

Wouldn't this be a great opportunity 
for every Church of the Brethren in 
the whole nation? 

Donald K. Flint 
Sterling Heights. Mich. 

From the General Board Office of Human Resources 

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For more information contact: 

Merv Keeney at 800-323-8039 or e-mail mission_gb(« 


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June 1 999 Messenger 29 

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Make plans now to attend the 

Messenger Dinner 

at Annual Conference 

"The view from the editors pew" 

Speaker: Fletcher Farrar, editor of Messenger 
Music by folksinger Peg Lehman 

luly I, 1999 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

I Get acQuainted vuith Fletcher Farrar, the new editor of Messenger, as he 

i describes the excitement he felt on discoverinc the Church of the Brethren. 

|; and his observations on the church after a^ear on the staff. 


;| Singer Peg Lehman has been delighting audiences for years with her songs 

I that tell stories, celebrate life, honor family ties, respect the earth, nurture 

i tolerance, and promote peace and justice. Her music will touch the hearts of 

I Messenger Dinner guests. 

i I * 

,,,, I (5 For dinner tickets, call the Annual Conference office at 800-323-8039 or order from advance ;' A 

O r packet order form. Tickets also available in Milwaukee at Annual Conference ticket sales. ,, j | 

The National Council of the Churches of Christ 
in the USA is accepting applications for the position of 
general secretary. The general secretary is the principal 
executive officer of the Council, responsible to the General 
Assembly and Executive Board for: providing dynamic leadership, 
articulating the mission and purpose of the Council, providing 
spiritual guidance and vision, symbolizing the vocation of 
Christian unity in service and witness, maintaining relationships 
with communions, and implementing and interpreting policy. 

An applicant must be a member in good standing in a 
communion that is a member of the Council, be theologically 
competent and articulate, and be an active participant in church life 
and in the ecumenical movement. Minimum educational 
requirement: graduate theological degree or equivalent experience. 
The Council is seeking a leader with a collaborative leadership 
style and excellent communication skills. 

For a copy of the position description and application form please contact: 

General Secretary Search Committee 
National Council of Churches 
475 Riverside Drive, Room 650 
New York, NY 10115-0050 

Applications will he accepted with a postmark no later than August 2, 1 999. 


30 Messenger June 1999 

filing foints 

Mew members 

Vntelope Park, Lincoln, Neb.: Sam 
Berndt. Erin Dempsey, Ian Knopp. 
William Pegans IV, Neil Rutlcdge, 
loshua Ward Moore, Lindsey Ward 

Bear Creek, Dayton. Ohio: lennifer 
Gillum. William Schwabe, Kim 

Sig Creek, Gushing. Okla.: Curtis 
Meloy, Elaine Ryan, Ray Ryan, 
Christa Todd, Darren Francis. Kim- 
berly Francis, Nathan Meloy 

Brookville, Ohio: Matthew Nihiser, 
Amy Cummings, Joseph Cummings. 
Danielle Foley. Don and Ruby Siev- 
ers, Kay and Leonard McGraw. 
Henry and LaVerna Bang. Amy Beth 
Fetters Howard, Amanda Bogan, 
Mel and Vivian Ballinger. Martha 
Plunkett. Ben and Sheila Sievers, 
Thomas and Geraldine Mills, 
Rebecca |. Dull, lane lenkins. 
Robert and Mary Newman, Robert 
and Diana Bitner. lessica Dull, leff 
and Beth Schrodi 
edar Creek, Garrett. Ind.: Marilyn 
loseph. Mallory Knott. Daniel Par- 
rett. lohn Graft. Kris Graft. Katie 
Carunchia. |oe Putnam, [eremy 

Elizabethtown, Pa.: Aaron Good. Der- 
rick Stevens. Heather Haldeman, 
Patrick Myers. David Day. Elyse 
Kolonauski. Lindsey Lightner 

Enders, Neb.: Clifford and Violet Beard 

Eversole, New Lebanon, Ohio: Garry 
Curliss, Earl Vallery 

First, McPherson, Kan.: David Fruth. 
Bonnie Fruth. Amelia Hanley. 
Rachael Stevens, Elizabeth Wagoner 

Hope, Freeport. Mich.: Bethany Pad- 
gett. Casey Tuttle 
acksonville, Fla.: lustin Raymer 

Lima Elm Street, Lima, Ohio: Evelyn 

Lititz, Pa.: lack Bingeman, lulia Boyer. 
Leah Eshelman. Alex Garner. Bran- 
don Geib. Nicole Kreider, Gail 
Longenecker. Ronald McNeill. 
Jonathan Shenk. Lindsay Tennis. 
Michael Tobias. John and Lisa 
Huber. Robert and Polly Garner. 
Viola McNeill. Elizabeth Pittenger, 
Robert and lean Myers 

Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Crystal Bretz, 
Bradlev Eisenhauer, Kevin Shaffer, 
Randail Wakefield. Ryan Wakefield. 
Steven and Gayle Amon. Lynne 
Grew. Glenn Brumbaugh 

Memorial, Martinsburg, Pa.: Alison 
Raftery, |ay Raftery. Charles Green- 
land. Mary Greenland, lames Hall, 
Michael Forshey 

Midland, Va.: Stephen Petio 

Myerstown, Pa.: Barney and Rhea 
Brown, Richard Brown, Bill and 
Edna Yoh, Marcie Hill. Donna 
Layser. Travis Brubaker. Brian 
Smith. Megan Walmer. Katie Dief- 
fenbach. Mark Seldomridge. Kervin 

Nappanee, Ind.: Rod and Jennifer 
Newcomer. Tony and Natalie Stover, 

Harold Herr. |r., leremy Herr. Anna 
Lou Yoder. Donna Hawkins 

New Carlisle, Ohio: Abby Brubaker, 
Andrew Brubaker. Andrew Ferguson. 
David Gevedon. David Lemmer. 
Ryan Miller, Amanda Phares. Geof- 
frey Reno. Lyndsay Reno. Michael 
Shroyer. Christopher Tooke. lanette 
and Jerry Atkins. Malissa and 
Richard Tracy. Michael and Carol 

North Liberty, ind.: Andrew King. 
Emily King 

North Webster, Ind.: Maurice Dorsey, 
Chad McClintic. Dave Wilson, 
Isletta Reese. 

Peace Valley, Mo.: Beth and Kristin 
Protiva, Angel Shrubb, Ashley Mizell 

Ridge, Shippensburg. Pa.: Derek Krall. 
Keri Krall. Crystal Devinney. Mark 
and Linda Brandt, lohnathon 
Brandt. Sharon Brandt. Randy 

Shalom, Durham. N.C.: Michel 

Walker Chapel, Mt. lackson, Va.: |ere- 
miah Grogg 

Woodbury, Pa.: Randy and Sherry 



Bates, Donald and Emma Mae, 

Elkhart. Ind.. 55 
Hash, Clare and Beryl. Freeport. Mich.. 65 
Foster, Paul and |anet, Roanoke. Va.. 55 
Howell, Weldon and Mildred. St. |ohn. 

Kan.. 60 
Mason, Frank and Martha. Shelbvville. 

Mo.. 50 
Royer, lerry and Ruth, Virden. 111.. 50 
Smith, Arlington and Mary |ane. 

Lebanon. Pa.. 50 
Ulbricht, Ernest and Dorothy. North 

Liberty, Ind.. 50 


Adkins, Delitha, 84. Gushing. Okla.. 

Feb. 8 
Albright, Madeline G.. 87, Martins- 
burg, Pa., March I 
Andes, Ray Clifford, 83. Sumerduck, 

Blough, Grace. 89. Lancaster. Pa.. Feb. 

Bond. Florence, 90, Lawrence. Kan.. 

Ian. 12. 1997 
Bowman, Mary I., 85, Bridgewater. 

Va.. April 13 
Bowman, Mary K.. 86. Martinsburg. 

Pa.. Feb. 24' 
Bowser, Charles, 90, Brookville. Ohio. 

March 26 
Burton, D. Conrad, Long Beach. 

Calif.. March 31 
Butterbaugh, Mary Ruth. North Man- 
chester. Ind.. March 13 
Dancy, Fred S,, 97. N. Wilkesboro. 

N.C.. Dec. 19 
Dannelley, Mary. 78. Elizabethtown. 

Pa.. Feb. 21 
Deaven, Margaret. 88. Palmyra. Pa.. 

April 20 
Donmoyer, Frances. 88. Palinyra. Pa., 

April 14 
Donmoyer, Mark. 91. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Dec. 15 
Farling, Frances I.. 79. New Carlisle. 

Ohio. March 9 
Flory, Donald. 79, Overbrook. Kan.. 

Sept. 30. 1997 

Flory, Thelma. 78. Lawrence. Kan.. 

Sept. 6 
Foltz, Clarence. 80. Annville. Pa.. 

March 20 
Fruhwirlh, Helen. 89. Frackville. Pa.. 

Dec. 26 
Gall, Sharon, 53. Glenford, Ohio, Feb. 26 
Gardner, Anna E.. 78. Loveland. Colo.. 

Feb. 5 
Garner, Rachel H.. 87. Westminster. 

Md.. March 9 
Gasper, Joe. 87. Greenville. Ohio. Feb. 8 
Gingerich, Reva. 84. Garrett. Ind.. 

Haddad, Barbara. 65. Elton. Pa.. |an. 

Harter, lohn, 67. Hershey. Pa.. Dec. 15 
Heindel, George W. 81. York. Pa.. 

April 1 3 
Helser, Raymond. Nappanee. Ind.. 

March 28 
Herring, Mary. 100. Uniontown. Pa.. 

March 14 
Hershey, Carroll. 59. Elizabethtown. 

Pa.. April 19 
Hicks, Douglas, 88. Brookville. Ohio. 

March 30 
Hildebrand, Debbie. 42. Abingdon. 

Md.. March 10 
Bollinger, Rufus. 80. Palmyra, Pa.. 

March 13, 1998 
Home, Helen E., 89, Longmont. Colo.. 

Dec. 27 
Horst, Mervin. Cornwall. Pa.. Oct. 29 
Hunter, lames W. 64. Wakarusa. Ind.. 

April 7 
Irby, Lorabelle. 83. Kokomo, Ind.. 

March 16 
Keller. Denise Lynn. 43. Martinsburg. 

Pa.. March I 5 
Riser. Ralph. 85. North Webster. Ind.. 

|unc28. 1998 
Krauter, Furman, 80. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Feb. 18. 1998 
Laprad, John A.. 86. Delphi. Ind.. Ian. 31 
Laudermilch, Martha. 76. Palmyra. 

J'a.. Dec. 18 
Lung, Walter. 88. Garrett. Ind.. Feb. 10 
MacGee, Virgic. 102. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Feb. 5. 1998 
Messick, Ralph W. 86. Warrenton. Va. 
Micklus, William. 76. Thayer. 111.. |an. 29 
Miller, M. lack. 72, Loveland. Colo.. 

Oct. 17 
Morse, Kenneth I., 85. North Man- 
chester. Ind.. March 23 
Mumper, Loreeta 1.. 82. Cedar Rapids. 

Iowa. March 26 
Myers, Helen. 88. Brookville. Ohio. 

June 2 
Nobles, Carl. North Manchester. Ind.. 

April 8 
Nyers, Delmas L.. 82. York. Pa.. April 13 
Orr, Dale. 70. Glenford, Ohio. April 23 
Palchen, Tom. 74. Lawrence. Kan.. 

Aug. 10 
Patlon, Gladys. 83. Kokomo. Ind.. 

March 31 
Reeder, John, 90. Palmyra. Pa.. Feb. 10 
Riley, lune, 69, Elizabethtown. Pa.. 

.March 8 
Roberts, Bernard. 83, Syracuse. Ind.. 

March 4 
Rohrer, Cassandra "Cassie." 16. 

Willow Springs. Mo., April 19 
Rutter, Gordon. 85. Lebanon. Pa,. Dec. 31 
Saul, Ernest. 57. Richland, Pa., Dec. 16 
Shoemaker, William. 88. Ashland. 

Ohio. February 
Shores. Jayne. 78. Brookville. Ohio. 

Ian. 6 
Shroyer, Edna. North Manchester. 

Ind.. March 5 
Shull, Mildred Morgan. North Man- 

chester. Ind.. April 2 
Silling. Florence, 69. Staunton. Va., 

Ian. 25 
Smith, Mary R.. 83. Shippensburg. Pa.. 

Ian. 22 
Spangler, Harold H.. 81. York. Pa.. 

April 7 
Speieher, Paul, North Manchester. 

Ind.. March 18 
Sleek. Cleo, 85. Brookvlle. Ohio. |an. 6 
Stoudt, Theodore. 96. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Ian. 22 
Strom. Anna Miles. 94. Leonard. Mo.. 

March 7 
Slubbs. Everett. 7b. West Plains. Mo., 

April 20 
Stukenberg, Ruth. Forreston, 111., Feb- 
Stum, Ruth, 85. Lancaster. Pa.. Feb. 21 
Stump, Robert C. 79. Goshen. Ind.. 

Dec. 23 
Summers, Raymond. 87. Peculiar. 

Mo.. March 1 1 
Tate, Eda. 87. Lawrence. Kan.. April 

50. 1997 
Troxcll, Derwood L. "Woody," 67. 

Akron. Ohio. March 29 
Yoder, Marilyn. North Manchester. 

Ind.. April 4 
Young, Marjorie. 66. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Aug. 24 
Zincke, Mabel Lucille, 88, Ashland, 

Ohio. March 20 


Doering, Carol A.. Feb. 2. Parker Ford, 

Doering, John N. |r., Feb. 2, Parker 

Ford. Pa. 
lones. leffrey Brian. Dec. 12. Beaver 

Creek. Knoxville. Tenn. 
Pruitt, Lonnie Lewis, Dec. 12, Peak 

Creek, Laurel Springs. N.C. 
Latshaw, Daniel R., Feb. 2. Parker 

Ford. Pa. 
Rhoades, Marie. Nov. 10. Harrisburg 

First. Harrisburg. Pa. 
Roudebush, Norbert (Pete) L.. |an. 28. 

Eaton. Ohio 
Yeakley, Ke\in L.. March 2, Long Run, 

Lehighton. Pa. 


Bollinger, Steven Wayne, Ian. 16. 

Salem. Englewood. Ohio 
Kontra, Peter |.. March 27. Oakland. 

Bradford, Ohio 
Powell, Lewis E.. |an. 30. Valley Point. 

C^rbisonia. Pa. 
Shaw. 1. Russel. May 20. Ambler. Pa. 
Ullery, Victoria L.. March 27, Bear 

Creek. Dayton. Ohio 

Pastoral placement 

Baker, Paul Maynard. from Crab 

Orchard. W. Va.. to Saunders Grove, 
Moneta, Va. 

Banks, Wilbert. to lames Creek, 
Marklesburg, Pa. 

Beam, Nicholas, to Pleasant Hill. Ohio 

Craddock, Mark, to Maple Grove. Lex- 
ington. N.C. 

Grcgersen, |oe. to English River. South 
English. Iowa 

Kerkove, David, to Plymouth. Ind. 

Ritchey Martin, Donna and Tim. from 
Mt. Morris. III., to Grossnickle. 
Myersville. Md. 

Wagner, lohn, to Salem. Lenox. Iowa 

June 1999 Messenger 31 


Getting on top of things 

I'm behind in my work again. Rather, still. 1 haven't fig- 
ured out this business of a monthly deadline; I can't 
seem to get everything done in a month. It's embarrass- 
ing and discouraging. But I'm determined not to let 
"behind" become a permanent condition, even though I 
have lots of company in it. Perhaps the church, as a 
school for simplicity, can help me and others catch up 
and get back on top of things. 

Teaching simplicity about time and work would be a 
useful ministry for the Church of the Brethren. As loan 
Chittister reminds us in Wisdom Distilled from the Daily, 
"Time is the treasure that cannot be recovered and must 
not be taken for granted. Time is all we have to make our 
lives bright-colored, warm, and rich. . . . Time spent in 
gray, dry aimlessness is a prison of the thickest walls. But 
good work that leaves the world softer and fuller and 
better than ever before is the stuff of which human satis- 
faction and spiritual value are made. There will come a 
moment in life when we will have to ask ourselves what 
we spent our lives on and how life in general was better 
as a result of it. On that day we will know the sanctifying 
value of work." 

Yet judging from the behavior of some of us, the 
church may seem to be the last place to turn for practical 
guidance on time management. Some of the most faithful 
people I know are also overburdened and overwhelmed. 
Church leaders are among those who complain the most 
about overwork and lack of time. One said recently he 
was stretched to the limit, with no time for regeneration. 
Another said meetings consume too much of her time, 
but she felt powerless to do anything about that. And 
another seemed resigned to the fact that world events 
divert attention from work that needs to be done. "That's 
the nature of this work," he wrote. 

From the way some of us behave, it's easy to infer that 
it's the nature of the Christian life to be behind in our 
work. Because God set so high a standard for us, we 
can't possibly measure up, so we must ever strive to do 
more. Because we are chosen to serve, our work is never 
done. In our subconscious minds, we carry around the 
thought that we must never say no to lesus. And it does- 
n't help that we who work in the church are such a 
merciful group. There is rarely a whip cracked in 
response to a confession of not getting work done; the 
response is usually, "|oin the crowd." Working in a 
downsized organization presents its own set of prob- 
lems — and excuses. It's easy to see why my colleagues 

and I feel like victims sometimes. 

We need to get over it! Even though I occasionally 
indulge in the victim mentality, I don't buy into it. Theri 
is enough old-fashioned sloth in my life for me to know 
that getting rid of even some of it will change things for 
the better. And for the rest, I'm convinced that |esus w: 
help me if I try. It is wrong to live constantly over- 
worked, overwhelmed, and behind. When lesus said "I 
came that they may have life, and have it abundantly," h 
was talking abundant joy, not the weight of the world. 
The struggle to get on top of things is a spiritual strug- 
gle. To see good use of work time as an act of Christian 
discipline and obedience is a first step. 

It is one thing to resolve to do better, but getting frorr 
there to the top of things is a climb. It doesn't help that 
time management is such a mundane problem, with nor 
of the glamour or importance of the battles against 
hunger and war. I started, mundanely enough, by buyin 
a pocket computer to keep my calendar and to-do list. ( 
does little that a notebook won't do, but because it's an 
expensive gadget I use it more.) Then I bought a time 
management book, with useful chapters on "Inadequate 
Planning," "Telephone Interruptions," "Procrastination 
"Drop-in visitors," "Meetings," and "Travel." The book 
begins: " 'I just didn 't have enough time. ' Yes you did. 
You had all the time there is. You had the same 24 hour: 
the same 1,440 minutes, that everyone else did. What 
you didn't have are the skills of managing the time that' 
available to you." 

The key is progress, not perfection. I've been into this 
subject before, but it's time to get into it again, and I'm 
started. A wise person was asked what we do in the 
church: "Oh, we fall and we get up, we fall and we get 
up, we fall and we get up." 

It helps to know these problems have been around for 
awhile. In the 1 7th century Jeremy Taylor, chaplain to 
King Charles I, wrote on the subject, "Care of our Time" 
"God has given us a short time here on earth. Yet upon 
this short time eternity depends. We must remember that 
we have a great work to do, many enemies to conquer, 
many evils to prevent, much danger to encounter, many 
difficulties to be mastered, many needs to serve, and muc 
good to do. . . . We need not fear that care of our time wi 
be a snare to us, or that duty must end in scruple, vexa- 
tion, and fears. Remember that the life of every person C£ 
be so ordered (and indeed must be) that it may be a per- 
petual service to God." — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger June 1999 


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10 'i. 





Support a Unique Brethren Ministry 

his is your home away from home, where 
you know you'll be met with friendly smiles, 
see old friends, and relive many warm memories. 

When planning your next event, consider coming 
home again to your New Windsor Conference Center 
at the Brethren Service Center. Situated on twenty- 
six beautiful acres, it's the perfect place for group or 
personal gatherings, retreats, business meetings, 
banquets, family celebrations, and reunions. 

We have meeting rooms to fit every occasion 
and every size group up to 300. Our comfortable 
accommodations include hotel style rooms and 
delicious "home cooked" meals. And what's even 
better, everything is very reasonably priced. 

Come home again to your New Windsor 
Coriference Center where everyone is family 
and you're always welcome! 

Nf^tLj 'WindDD 

"A Quiet Place to Get Things Done 

P.O. Box 188 • 500 Main Street in histor 

New Windsor, Maryland 217/ 

Toll Free: 800-766-155 

Local: 410-635-8700 • Fax: 410-635-87] 

e-mail: NWCC_GB@brethren.oi 

Visit our web site: ww^ 

Church of the Brethren July 1999 

* t^ 


Jenny Stover '97 
McPherson College 






' JT ^i wholistic education is connpleted outside the walls of the 
t \ classroom. Through the opportunities supported 
m \ try the college, I was able to extend myself and grow. 
I was involved with service projects, choir tours, travel abroad, 
church camp counseling and various on-campus organizations. 

One specific strength of a Brethren college is the smallness of the 
carripus 'community. Having the opportunity to build close rela- 
tionships and develop interpersonal skills was an invaluable part 
of my learning. Now, as I pursue continued education in the social 
work field, I am grateful for the small-school experience and my 
multi-faceted education. 

I encourage prospective students and parents to explore 
a Brethren education. With financial aid, a private Brethren 
college is affordable. Cost no longer drives the decision, 
it becomes a consideration of value and quality. 

At a private Brethren college, the small school environment 
allows you to grow. Personal attention from professors provides 
the support to achieve academic success. Participation in athlet- 
ics, activities and the arts opens you to new experiences and 
people. Studying abroad brings an understanding of cultural 
diversity and community service supports your role as a member 
of a global society. 

For more information about Brethren colleges 

visit our website: 

email: jstover_gb® 

call: 1-800-323-8039 

wwwbrethren org 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevm Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: 

Ken Koons of 
the Carroll Comity Times, 
Westminster, Md. has been 
photographing Brethren 
preacher and writer Dale 
Aukerman rather intensely 
for the past two and a half 
ears. Soon after Aukerman received a diagnosis of terminal 
mg cancer, Koons, asked and received permission to docu- 
lent his life through the course of his illness. Koons allowed 
Iessenger to use his photographs to illustrate Aukerman's 
;stimonial article, "Why I believe." 

Koons has become well-acquainted with Aukerman on the 
ssignment. "Many people try to teach others how to live," 
^oons told Messenger. "Few live what they teach. Dale 
dIIows what he believes. I've never seen him falter. He's an 
mazing fellow." 

The newspaper used Koons' remarkable photographs, and 
rticles by Scott Blanchard, in a seven-part series called 
Living with Dying," published last December. The series was 
sprinted as a tabloid and may be ordered for the price of 
ostage from Carroll County Times, 201 Railroad Ave., Box 
46, Westminster, Md. 21 158. The series is also available on 
le newspaper's Web site at 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 




10 God's Message in the stars 

Faced with terminal illness, Dale Auker- 
man has been facing ultimate questions 
more intensely than ever. He has examined 
his faith, and this month shares his ques- 
tions, and answers, with Messenger 
readers. The results are not surprising, but 
they are inspiring. 

15 My dirty secret 

jean Lersch, of St. Petersburg (Fla.) First 
Church of the Brethren, questions why one 
part of God's creation has been demeaned 
and despised. With her mop in the closet 
and tongue in her cheek, she advocates 
making peace with a ubiquitous foe. 

16 Caring Ministries 2000 

"Be Transformed in Body, Mind and 
Spirit" was the ambitious theme of this 
year's conference at Elizabethtown College 
lune 1 -4, sponsored by the Association of 
Brethren Caregivers. Writer Tavia Ervin 
examines how transformation happens, 
and how it begins at events like this. 

20 Ministerial leadership 

In this in-depth interview. Director of 
Ministry Allen T. Hansell explains the 
important changes in the new ministry 
paper, and describes the feelings he 
encountered in visits to districts around 
the country. 

24 Environmental justice 

A Conference on Environmental justice 
Ministries in the Church provided the 
occasion for Susan Houff Trudeau, a 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
Eco-justice Working Group, to reflect on 
connections between the environment and 
economic justice. 

July 1999 MESSENGER 1 


m tk Piiisfier 

The cheeriest room in our home is the guest room, which benefits from having the 
only south-facing window in the house. I lil<^e having a comfortable guest room 
always ready to be pressed into service. That way we can invite anyone in at any 

So we tend to have a friendly parade of houseguests that has included Brethren 
Volunteer Service workers on their way to projects or retreats, folks coming to Elgin 
for committee meetings. General Board members, out-of-town staff colleagues, 
friends returning to town for a visit. Sometimes we barely have time to get the sheets 
out of the dryer and back onto the bed before the next visitor arrives. 

I treasure the three volumes of guest books that have been filled since I moved to 
Elgin in 1981. The pages document comings and goings of colleagues and friends. 
They offer greetings in a number of languages. They evoke memories of simple times 
spent together. 

Our children have grown accustomed to meeting new people. The oldest tried out 
her two or three words of German on an Eirene staff member from Germany. The 
youngest snuggled up for jubilee Bible stories read by the executive director of the 
Jubilee project. The middle one was pleased when visitors took in one of his baseball 
games. We parents are glad for the opportunity to give the children faces and names 
to attach to the work that we do, so that the ministry of the wider church becomes 
more real. Besides, we love having company. 

On the flip side, some of my clearest memories of trips made are of the homes in 
which I've stayed. The sanctuaries and fellowship halls might blur together. But 1 
can still picture specific homes in Missouri, California, Pennsylvania, Florida, Vir- 
ginia. . . . The connections made last a long time: Occasionally I've run into 
someone who hosted me 20 years ago on a [uniata College choir tour. 

lesus made himself known to the disciples when he stopped to spend the night and 
break bread together. In the warmth and intimacy of our times together, as travelers 
on the road, we invite Jesus to be known to us. 

How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 



Phone: (847) 742-5100 
Fax: (847) 742-6103 

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weeks for address change. 

Connect electronically: 

For a free subscription to 
Newsline, the weekly Church 
of the Brethren e-mail news 
report, call (800) 323-8039, ex 
263, or write cobnews@aol.coi 

To view the official Church of 
the Brethren Web site, point 
your browser to http://www. 

Messenger is now available ( 
the World Wide Web at 

Messenger is the official publication of the Chu 
of [he Brethren. Entered as periodical postage mai 
Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of Congress of Oct. 
1917. Filing date, Nov. 1, 1984, Member of 
Associated Church Press. Subscriber to Relig 
News Service & Ecumenical Press Service. Bibli 
quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are fri 
the New Revised Standard Version. Messencei 
published 1 1 times a year by Brethren Press, Chu 
of the Brethren General Board. Periodical post: 
paid at Elgin, 111., and at additional mailing offi 
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General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
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Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger July 1999 



Coventry Church of the Brethren. 

Coventry church celebrates 275th anniversary 

Several events are planned to celebrate the 275th anniversary of the Coventry Church 
of the Brethren, Pottstown, Pa. The first is Aug. 1 5, a morning service beside the 
Schuyilcill River. Scheduled for Sept. 1 2 is a visit by Alexander Mack, founder of the 
Church of the Brethren. Love feast with a historical flavor is Oct. 3, and Oct. 1 7 will be a 
trip to see the Germantown church. Anniversary weekend is Nov. 6 and 7, with guest 

speaker Bill Longenecker, a historical video, drama, and 
^ On Nov. 7, 1 724, Peter Becker, of the Germantown church, 
~r~r_^=^i^ helped nine German-speaking immigrants living near the 

Schuylkill River in Pennsylvania to organize into the second 
Brethren congregation in America. Martin Urner and others 
who had gone to Germantown in December 1 725 to seek reli- 
gious help were the nucleus of the Coventry congregation. Six 
of them were baptized by Peter Becker on Christmas Day. 
For many years they met in various homes, chiefly at 
^ Urner's. In 1 772 a log meetinghouse was built on the forested 
southeast corner of the Urner property. The present Coventry 
church building is on the same corner. 

During the 20th century, enthusiasm for missions at Coven- 
try has been high. Stover Kulp, from this congregation, helped 
to found the mission work in Nigeria. Several others from the 
congregation went to foreign lands. 

Today the formerly rural area around the church has few 
farms. Instead of crops, the fields are sprouting new homes 
everywhere. The church seeks to draw new neighbors into fel- 
lowship and commitment to Christ. The facilities are available 
to Boy Scouts, a community senior citizen group, a garden 
club, and exercise groups. Youth Club and nursery school 
bring others into contact with the church. 

Coventry has been active in its community from the early 
18th century to the close of the20th century. But its focus now 
is on the 21st century. — Dorothy N. Lloyd 

July 1999 Messenger 3 



Joy on Easter Sunday: SInnvii 
lorgensen. being baplizecl by 
David "Skip" Ober Miller, 
co-pastor of the South Bay 
Coiuimiiiily Church of the 
Brethren. Redoiido Beach, 
Calif "The enclosed 
photograph is so joy -full 
that we just had to share 
it, " writes co-pastor Janet 
Ober Miller. 

Brethren's Home earns 

In March the Brethren's 
Home Retirement Commu- 
nity in Greenville, Ohio, 
received notification from 
the Continuing Care Accred- 
itation Commission in 
Washington, D.C., that it 
had been accredited as a 
Continuing Care Retirement 

The Continuing Care 
Accreditation Commission is 
the nation's only accrediting 
body for continuing care 
retirement communities. Of 
the approximately 5,700 
retirement communities 
nationwide, only 255 have 
completed the CCAC process 
and been fully accredited. 

Spooked deer crashes 
into Lititz church 

A young buck crashed 
through a window and into 
the Lititz (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren on May 7. 
After that the confused and 
injured deer left a trail of 
blood and broken glass 
inside the church as it 
crashed through two more 
windows. Finally the animal 
collapsed in the choir sec- 
tion. Because of concern 
for the safety of children 
attending daycare in 
another part of the build- 
ing, a game commission 
officer decided to euthanize 
the animal and shot it with 
a rifle. 

"They don't prepare you 
for that in seminary," said 
Lititz pastor Bob Kettering. 

Brandon Grady 

The inspiring voice of 
Brandon Grady 

When Brandon Grady 
enters West Chester State 
University this fall, fellow 

members of First Church c 
the Brethren, Harrisburg, 
Pa., will celebrate with hirr 
the latest of many impres- 
sive achievements in his 
young life. Over the years, 
many have been inspired b 
his positive attitude towarc 
life after he lost all his sigh 
to glaucoma by age 1 2. He 
has been an outgoing par- 
ticipant in many aspects ol 
church life, and he is espe- 
cially known for his joyful 
and moving singing. 

His singing garnered 
Brandon top chairs in the 
state chorus, and he has 

"A Pleasant View" book committee at the book dedication at 
the Pleasantville Church of the Brethren. From left to right, 
front row: H. Austin Cooper, Kathy Mosen Glenna Moser 
Back row: Gary Moser, Shirley Moser, Barbara Moser, 
coinnuttee members. Not pictured was Barbara Hurst. 

Beloved pastor leaves a 
historv book behind 

The late H. Austin Cooper, who died |an. 22 this year, 
is remembered through his book. A Pleasant View. It i 
a history of the Pleasant View Church of the Brethren, 
Burkittsville, Md., in stories he collected during his pas- 
torates there, from 1943-47 and 1970-78. Cooper was a 
pastor for 44 years before he died at the age of 87. 

The Dunkers (Brethren) came to the area in the summ< 
of 1 760. led by Elder |ohn Schiefer. — Shirley Moser 

4 Messenger July 1999 

een a member of several 
sleet high school singing 
roups. In February, he 
erformed with the All 
.astern Choir in Carnegie 
tail. At church he has 
byeen active in Praise and 
V^orship Team, youth 
ictivities, the youth and 
e dult choir, and men's 

Brandon was featured in 

recent article in the Har- 
isburg Patriot- News, in 
/hich his high school 
hoir director was quoted 
aying, "1 have never had a 
tudent show as much pas- 
ion for music, especially 
DT singing." Brandon says 
is role model is Ken 
/ledema, who he first 
eard at Annual Confer- 
nce and then at National 
'outh Conference 
because he is blind and 
iffers the kind of music 1 

As he recalls his high 
chool successes, Brandon 
ays he has achieved two 
^f his personal goals: "to 
lave those in special edu- 
ation viewed in a more 
)ositive light, and to have 
ligh school music pro- 
;rams highlighted along 
vith athletics." 

As he moves to a new 
hapter in his life. Bran- 
ion Grady will have 
ollowing him a large 
;heering section filled with 
ijersons touched by his 
aith, his musical gift, and 
lis unique "vision" of 
ife. — Helen Stutz 
HoLLiNGER, First Church 
jf the Brethren. Harris- 
nirg. Pa. 

Ida Howell witii great granddaughter Lauren Buckler. 

Howell honored for a distinguished eareer 

Ida Shockley Howell, of La Verne, Calif., has been recognized by the Association of 
Brethren Caregivers for her long and distinguished career relating to the church as well 
as to the larger community. 

She is a native of Washington State, a graduate of Manchester College, and earned a 
master's degree from the University of Chicago. Her educational experience includes 10 
years of high school teaching in Washington and Montana. She also worked in the adminis- 
tration of three colleges — as dean of women at McPherson College from 193 7 to 1943, 
dean of students at Bridgewater College, and student counselor at Mt. San Antonio College 
at Walnut, Calif. At Mt. San Antonio she served with distinction for 1 5 years until retire- 
ment in 1968. 

Prior to moving to California, Ida was married to Ellis M. Studebaker, who was adminis- 
trator of Bethany Hospital in Chicago. 

Ida later married Frank Howell. They both were partners in service to the community, the 
church, and the University of La Verne. Ida served as an officer of the Pomona Inland Valley 
Council of Churches. She was the first woman moderator of the Pacific Southwest District 
of the Church of the Brethren. She is an honorary member of the University of La Verne 
board of trustees and has served as a member of the board of directors of Hillcrest Homes, 
where she now resides. Locally, Ida has worked with the YMCA, AAUW, and the Pomona 
Fellowship Church of the Brethren, where she has served in several leadership positions. 

Ida was a volunteer to Brethren Service at New Windsor, Md., for a year. For years, she 
was chair of the Brethren Health Education Foundation, where she was instrumental in 
helping many people secure loans for graduate education in the health field. She also was 
active in the Brethren Health and Welfare Association, where she touched many lives. 

Above all. Ida is beloved for her generous and positive spirit. She has been and is a role 
model for many people in many circles. — Ioseph 1. Schecter, La Verne, Calif. 

"/;; Touch" profiles Brethren we would like you to meet. Send story ideas and photos to "In Touch. " 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. It 60120. 



Faith goes to work providing 
child care in five locations 

Child-care givers of the General 
Board's Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries were kept busy this 
spring as ER/SM has established 
caregiving services at five locations 
throughout the country, including its 
first-ever response following an avia- 
tion disaster. 

Four members of ER/SM's CAIR 
(Child Care - Aviation Incident 
Response) Team, who were trained 
in March, were summoned to Little 
Rock, Ark., to provide care for chil- 
dren affected by the |une 2 crash of 
American Airlines Flight 1420, which 
killed nine people and injured many 
others. ER/SM is the only agency 
under contract with the Red Cross to 
provide child care services related to 
aviation disasters, and this was the 
first accident to which Brethren care- 
givers were summoned. 

Lydia Walker, CAIR Team adminis- 
trator, was on the scene eight hours 
after being notified by the American 
Red Cross. Karen Walters of Tempe, 
Ariz.; Sharon Gilbert of Fullerton, 
Calif.; and Anne Price of Laguna 
Beach, Calif., arrived later that 

The CAIR Team is an integral part 
of the American Red Cross' aviation 
disaster response. The 1996 Family 
Assistance Act mandates that the 
National Transportation Safety Board 
and the affected airline work together 
to provide services for survivors and 
affected families. The Red Cross has 
been designated as the agency to coor- 
dinate mass care, mental health 
services, and child care. 

Child care services in Little Rock 
included meeting children at the air- 
port, accompanying them on visits to 
the hospital to see injured family 
members, and helping distraught 

family members in decision-making 
related to the care of their children. 

"Though every tragic event brings 
with it the pain of loss and injury, 
this accident in Little Rock gave the 
CAIR Team a 'walk-through' of pro- 
cedures learned in our training," sai( 
Walker. "We all learned a lot and are 
especially appreciative of the respect 
and support of the American Red 
Cross, which has given us this addi- 
tional opportunity to minister to 

Plans are being developed for 
future training of additional CAIR 
Team personnel. 

Meanwhile, a second team of 13 
ER/SM child-care givers is at Fort 
Dix in Trenton, N.|., working with 
Kosovar refugee children. The first 
team of 1 1 began its work on May 
25, caring for 180 children that first 
day. This work is being funded in 
part by a $2,000 grant from the Gen 
eral Board's Emergency Disaster 
Fund. This grant will help finance 10 
weeks of volunteers. 

Across the country in Phoenix, 
Ariz., nine caregivers from area 
Church of the Brethren congrega- 
tions were called into action May 27 
when the county condemned apart- 
ments that housed 1 5 families, 
leaving about 20 adults and 20 chil- 
dren homeless. Most of the parents 
are employed as farm workers and 
speak Spanish. 

The families were sent to live tem- 
porarily in a school gymnasium, 
where ER/SM caregivers worked 
with them over the Memorial Day 
holiday. The families received per- 
manent housing on June 1 . 

Two other child care operations, 
which were established in Kansas 
and Oklahoma following devastating 
May tornadoes, closed their doors in 
late May — 296 children were cared 
for in Kansas, 240 in Oklahoma. 

6 Messenger July 1999 

; 'oun^ adults challenged to 
'xarnine their lifestyles 

i challenge was presented to the 70 
; larticipants of this year's Church of 
■ he Brethren Young Aduh Confer- 
icnce over Memorial Day weekend, 
e David Radcliff, director of Brethren 
I Vitness for the General Board, used 
ocal and global facts on the status of 
he earth's resources in relation to 
he world's population to get partici- 
)ants to examine how their life 
:hoices as Christians affect the 
;lobal community. 

This conference, which for years 
lad been scheduled over the Thanks- 
;fiving holiday, was held at Camp 
iVoodland Altars in Peebles, Ohio. 
Spirited music was led by [oseph 
-ielfrich of Oakland Church of the 
Brethren, Gettysburg, Ohio. Helfrich 
ilso served as worship service leader 
ilong with a Bethany Seminary team 
md Shawn Flory Replogle, pastor of 
South Waterloo (Iowa) Church of 
he Brethren. Cliff Kindy, a Church 
3f the Brethren member from North 
Manchester, Ind., and member of the 
ndependent Christian Peacemaker 
jTeams, led a workshop titled "Radi- 
cal Christian Action." 

Disaster relief auctions raise 
money for people in need 

Several recent disaster relief auctions 
raised nearly $100,000. 

Over $63,000 was raised in this 
year's Mid-Atlantic District Auction, 
a record for the annual event that 
was held May 1 in Westminster, Md., 
and was attended by about 1 ,200 
people. Money was raised from the 
auction, booth sales, and from the 
sale of donated return and seconds 
products by the Rubbermaid Corpo- 
ration. Over $20,000 was raised 
from the auctioning of quilts. 

Skit night at the Young Adult Conference had johiuiy Ban; Eric Burkey. and Andy 
Lahinan perfonning, and Michel Moyer enjoying the entertainment. 

A song and cup routine perforined by jedd Schrock was one of the highlights 
of the Young Adult Conference variety show. 

Middle Pennsylvania District's 
third annual auction, held May 7-8 
in Morrison's Cove Memorial Park, 
Martinsburg, Pa., raised about 

West Marva District's fifth annual 
auction, held May 8 at the Barbour 
County Fairgrounds, raised $7, 136.51. 
The district's donation of $2,865 and 
an additional $1,000 donation from an 
estate will push West Marva's total con- 
tribution to the General Board's 
Emergency Disaster Fund to $1 1,000. 

Major house-building project 
opens in Dominican Republic 

A massive new rebuilding project in 
Azua, Dominican Republic, opened in 
|une, sponsored by the General 
Board's Emergency Response/Service 
Ministries. This cooperative venture 
involves the Church of the Brethren, 
the Catholic Church, INVI (a govern- 
ment agency), and the rebuilding of 
homes for a 33-family village. 
The Catholic Church is giving land 

July 1999 Messenger 7 


and materials for concrete walls. INVI 
will furnish sand, gravel, wood, roofing 
materials, and technical assistance. 
The Church of the Brethren will fur- 
nish cement for footers and floors and 
hire local skilled construction workers 
to supervise the work. The village fam- 
ilies will provide 32 volunteers per day. 

This initiative will produce two to 
three small houses each week. 

Meanwhile, a $50,000 grant from 
the General Board's Emergency Dis- 
aster Fund has been allocated in 
support of ongoing Hurricane 
Georges recovery projects in Puerto 
Rico by Emergency Response/Ser- 
vice Ministries. The funds will be 
used to continue current projects 
and expand into new areas that 
include Rio Prieto, San Isidro 
Canovanas, and Culebra. 

A $7,500 Global Food Crisis Fund 
grant has been allocated for the 
Armenian village project of Target 
Earth, a Christian agency with pro- 

grams in Belize. The funds will help 
in the construction of a community 
education center where classes on 
adult literacy, health, and agriculture 
will be offered. 

Washington Office joins 
ecumenical peace coalition 

in May the Church of the Brethren 
Washington Office joined about 20 
religious and peace organizations by 
becoming members of the National 
Coalition for Peace in Yugoslavia. 

This group, formed by leaders of 
several major US peace organizations, 
called for a cease-fire in the Balkans. 

Coalition members gathered at the 
White House at noon on |une 3 to 
speak out for an end to NATO bomb- 
ing. They also participated in a 
demonstration |une 5 at the Pentagon. 

More than 550 Church of the 
Brethren members placed their 
names on [ubilee 2000 petitions that 

The first Older Adult unit of Brethren VoluiUeer Service workers in recent years went 
through orientation at New Windsor Mel,. May 4-14. In the middle row are Sally 
Caracheo, Olive Peters. Sue Snyder, Joanne Nesler (staff), Joyce Ray. Berneita 
Srmicker. and Don Smucker BVS staff members are Dan McFadden (top) and Sue 
Grubb (bottom). The next BVS Older Adult unit is planned for April 4-14. 2000. 
According to McFadden, older adults may attend the orientation before making a 
commitment to accept a BVS work assignment. 

weredelivered to the G-7 Summit, 
the annual meeting among the US 
and six other industrial power- 
houses. This year's summit was in 

The petition drive was headed by 
the General Board's Brethren Wit- 
ness office in conjunction with its 
Washington Office. The petition ' 
originated with the lubilee 2000 US/ 
Campaign, which the General Board 
endorsed in March. 

New church development 
committee begins work 

The General Board's newly formed 
New Church Development Advisory 
Committee met for the first time Ma; 
11-12. The appointed committee 
includes a representative from each 
of the five Congregational Life Team 
areas and from the Council of Dis- 
trict Executives. 

Committee members are Marianne; 
Pittman of New Windsor, Md.; [im 
Rhen of Cocalico Church of the 
Brethren, Denver, Pa.; |ay Steele of 
Open Circle Fellowship Church of 
the Brethren, Burnsville, Minn.; Eric 
Anspaugh of the Cincinnati Church 
of the Brethren Fellowship; Gilbert 
Romero of Bella Vista Church of the 
Brethren, Los Angeles, Calif.; Virlina 
District executive David Shumate, 
and Glenn Timmons, director of 
Congregational Life Ministries for 
the General Board. 

The committee examined the his- 
tory of Church of the Brethren 
church planting, then developed lists 
on what Brethren have to share that 
is unique and reasons why new 
churches should be planted. It also 
talked about new church develop- 
ment challenges, particularly funding 
and leadership. Members then began 
drafting a blueprint for helping con- 
gregations and members find 
renewed vigor for calling new pas- 

8 Messenger July 1999 

ors and planting new churches. 

The committee will convene again 
ollowing Annual Conference and it 
lyelcomes denominational input. 
[Contact Steele at jay.steele@world- 
|iet. or at 612-808-0161. 

Mew Life Ministries expands 
resources for evangelism 

Vew Life Ministries' board of direc- 
ors and management team met at 
he New Windsor (Md.) Conference 
enter in the spring. There they 
vorked on short- and long-term 

I *- 

joals and sharpened NLM's focus as 
t seeks to be a "resource to 
esourcers" for its four partner 
denominations — the Church of the 
Brethren, the Mennonite Church, the 
Conference of Mennonites in 

anada, and the Brethren Church. 
\lso serving as a member agency is 
3ne para-church organization, 
Shalom Foundation, publisher of 

The group has been an indepen- 
dent Anabaptist evangelism ministry 
or the past 1 5 months and it has 
losted two meetings of the Anabap- 
:ist Evangelism Council. 

The group affirmed the continued 
development of LIFE (Living in 
'aithful Evangelism) modules for 
ongregations to study and imple- 
nent outreach plans. It also 
jncouraged NLM to continue offer- 
ing hospitality workshops in 
:onjunction with denominational 
nission leaders and for hosting a 
third Anabaptist Evangelism Council, 
A'here theologians and practitioners 
in evangelism convene. Next year's 
jy-invitation-only event will be held 
Feb. 19-20 at Associated Mennonite 
Biblical Seminary, Elkhart, Ind. 

New Life Ministries became an 
independent organization on [an. 1, 
1998, when it was spun off from the 
Church of the Brethren General 


%' ' m9^F^ ^9 




, -4 » 

WW ^ v^ 

w.. Jp-- wmM 

Bethany Theological Seminary awarded master of divinity degrees to 15 
students during its 94th commencement on May 8. Graduates included, 
front: Victoria Ullery. Kelly Burk, Barbara Sayler. and Mia Miller. Back : 
Manfred Schreyer. David L. Miller Gregory Laszakovits. Peter Kontra, 
Steven Brady, Matthew Fike, Brian Flory. David Kerkove, Thomas Hanks, 
and Sam Smith. A degree was awarded posthumously to janelle Pheasant- 
Pennington. who was killed in an automobile accident in August 1998. 

Board through the Board's redesign. 
As a General Board ministry it was 
known as the Andrew Center. 

Staff changes announced 
for church organizations 

Pam Leinauer has announced her 
retirement as executive of the Mid- 
Atlantic District, effective Aug. 15. 
She will be moving to Stuttgart, Ger- 
many, where her husband is being 
transferred. Leinauer began as asso- 
ciate executive of Mid-Atlantic 
District in 1985, and was called as 
executive in [uly 1997. She served as 
chair of the Council of District Exec- 
utives from 1992 to 1995. 

Scott Holland has been appointed 
by Bethany Theological Seminary of 
Richmond, Ind.. to serve as assistant 
professor of peace studies and cross- 
cultural studies and director of 
campus ministry, beginning Aug. 1 5. 

An ordained Church of the 
Brethren minister, Holland currently 
serves as pastor of Monroeville (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren and as vice 
president of United Campus Min- 
istries of Pittsburgh. He previously 

served as pastor of several Mennon- 
ite congregations. He also has taught 
as adjunct or part-time faculty in 
religion and peace studies at West- 
minster College, Carlow College, 
Duquesne University, and Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

Karen Jenkins, associate dean and 
director of International Education 
at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pa., 
has been named president of 
Brethren Colleges Abroad. She suc- 
ceeds Allen Deeter, who is retiring 
after 24 years of service. 

lenkins, who has been published in 
a number of journals and who has 
extensive international experience, is 
a graduate of Fisk University. She 
earned her master's degree in Inter- 
national Relations from Yale 
University and a law degree from 
Rutgers University 

BCA was founded in 1962 and cur- 
rently includes programs in England, 
France, Spain, Germany, Greece, 
Mexico, Ecuador, |apan, China, and 
India. It serves the students of the six 
Brethren colleges and university and 
those from about 75 other higher 
education institutions. 

Julv 1999 Messenger 9 

Jesus is God's "Message in the Stars" 
by Dale Aukerman 

Among the Bible passages that hit home with Dale after his November 1996 
cancer diagnosis was a psalm that included the blessing, "May you see your 
children 's children. " "It seems unlikely to find fulfillment with me. " he said. 

10 Messenger July 1999 

After returning from a radiation treatment, 1 made the 
comment, "If this about God and jesus is true, there 
is life beyond death." 

A friend, who is not a committed Christian, pointed to my 
use of the word if and asked me, "Do you have doubts?" 

I replied something like this: The possibility that the 
Christian faith is an illusion can hardly be dismissed. But 
I don't find myself pulled back and forth between faith 
and doubt. I have a deep assurance, a strong certainty, 
that the gospel about God and jesus is true. 

We can rather easily coast along in our faith. We have 
:ome to believe certain things, and we almost casually go 
on believing them. But if we suddenly find ourselves face 
'to face with dying, we come up against ultimate ques- 
tions. Is death the end? When we die, are we kept within 
the gracious care of God, or do we sink away into noth- 
ingness? After I received the diagnosis of advanced lung 
cancer, I needed to deal with those questions more 
intensely than I ever had before. 

In a meditation titled "Message in the Stars," Frederick 
Buechner asks, "If God really exists, why in Heaven's 
name does God not prove that he exists instead of leaving 
us here in our terrible uncertainty?. . . What would 
happen if God did set about demonstrating his existence 
in some dramatic and irrefutable way?" 

Buechner then presents a story. One night people look 
up at the sky and see the words emblazoned in the Milky 
jWay, I REALLY EXIST. The message in the sky has a 
tremendous impact on earth. There is terror and awe. 
Many repent. Persons near death are filled with hope. 
Wars and crimes cease. Church services overflow into 
football stadiums. The message continues. Several years 
pass, and then one evening a child with a wad of bubble 
gum in his cheek looks up and says, "So what if God 
exists? What difference does that make?" In the twinkling 
of an eye the message fades away for good. 

If God were to give that sort of proof of his existence, 
that would not meet our deepest need. We would know 
that God exists, but this knowledge might not make much 
difference. God has given us something far better than a 
;message in the stars. 

Why do I believe? Most of all because of |esus. There 
are many reasons and factors that enter into my 
having faith in God, but jesus is at the center. 
In the first chapter of the Gospel of John we read about 

two disciples of John the Baptist, who started walking 
after jesus. "jesus turned . . . and said to them, 'What do 
you seek?' And they said to him, 'Rabbi, where are you 
staying?' He said to them, 'Come and see.' They came 
and saw where he was staying; and they stayed with him 
that day." (Biblical quotations are from the Revised Stan- 
dard Version unless otherwise noted.) 

The call of jesus to his disciples was, "Come, stay with 
me, and see." Day after day and month after month the 
disciples rubbed shoulders with him, they heard him 
preach, they saw him deal with the masses, they watched 
as he confronted adversaries. 

The disciples were drawn to jesus. They saw him as a 
most extraordinary person. He amazed and puzzled them. 
Only gradually did they come to understand just how 
extraordinary this person was. Here are some of the ways: 

•At the close of the Sermon on the Mount we read: 
"The crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he 
taught them as one who had authority, and not as the 
scribes" (Matt. 7:28-29). jesus was not offering opinions. 
He was not saying in effect, "This is the way I see things." 
He spoke as one who felt himself to be in direct touch 
with ultimate reality. He claimed to have definitive knowl- 
edge of God, and he communicated it. 

•We see it as essential for right living that a person rec- 
ognize and own up to the wrongdoing in his or her life. 
But jesus said to his opponents, "Which of you convicts 
me of sin?" (John 8:46). jesus saw human beings as sin- 
ners, but he did not include himself in that. 

•In the Gospel of John we find several statements of jesus 
like the one in 7:29, referring to God: "I know him, for I 
come from him, and he sent me." That outlook is implied 
throughout the Gospels, jesus saw himself as the one 
uniquely sent to reveal God and to do his work. He believed 
himself to be the central person for all the human story. 

•Even the officers of the chief priests and Pharisees 
reported, "There has never been anybody who has spoken 
like him" (John 7:46 |B). The disciples reached that con- 
clusion too, but they went beyond it. As jesus taught them 
after the Last Supper, they told him, "Now we know that 
you know all things. . .; by this we believe that you came 
from God" (16:50). 

Something like what the disciples concluded has been 
my experience. Something like that can be anyone's expe- 
rience. We can come to the Gospel stories. We can listen, 
watch, and ponder. Like the disciples, we can reach con- 
clusions about this man jesus. 

July 1999 Messenger 11 

I ki;?iV€- X"ou^nd ^tf?^in ^nd ^^^in -Vh^-V" -Vhi-£> tiVinc^ Uow-d crot7-i€_'S> 4-0 Kpe«, 

No one else ever saw so deeply and truly into the 
human situation or spoke with such authority. No 
one else ever expressed so well in teaching and life what 
right human living is. More radically than anyone else in 
history, |esus called into question prevailing assumptions 
that hrough the millennia have shaped individuals and 
societies. Decisive for his life and teaching was his total 
rejection of lethal violence. 

Around us are all sorts of religions and views of life. 
What makes sense? What holds together? What rings 

I am convinced that [esus spoke truth as no one else 
ever has. What he said and did came out of his unique 
relationship with God. Far beyond anyone else he had a 
grasp of what the human situation is and who God is. 1 
trust his understanding. 

Some of the critics of [esus said he was mad (|ohn 
10:20). There were even friends of his who said, "He is 
beside himself" (Mark 3:21). There have been mentally ill 
people and occasional impostors who have made claims 
similar to those of |esus. Either |esus was who he claimed 
to be, or he was deranged, 
or an impostor. Only one 
explanation makes sense: 
that he was who he pre- 
sented himself to be. 

I give myself to the faith 
that God is like [esus. As 
this carpenter from 
Nazareth said to Philip, 
"He who has seen me has 
seen the Father" ((ohn 
14:9). Jesus is the key to 
the mystery of who God is. 
There cannot be a more 
marvelous view of God 
than this, that God is like 
lesus. God loves with the 
love that |esus has put into 
our view. 

The depth of that love is 

"How good to be able to have a garden and to hoe in it for yet 

another year. " Dale Aukerman said in June 199S. This year he 
has another flourishing garden. 

to be seen most of all in )esus going to the cross. He took 
the hate, the ridicule, the abandonment, the excruciating 
agony. lesus believed that his going to his death by execu- 
tion on a cross was the will of God. In what |esus did we 
see God's love for humanity acted out. 

lesus died on that Roman cross. His body was placed in a 
rock-hewn tomb. It seemed that his enemies had triumphed. 
His disciples had fled. All their hopes had been crushed. 
They had seen the defeat of what they thought was the 
coming of God's Kingdom. They were utterly distraught. 

But then something happened, jesus came back to be 
with his disciples again. He came back, not as he had 
been earlier, but as far more. His body still had the nail 
prints, but it was a spiritual body. The disciples could 
know beyond all doubt that right there with them was the 
one who had come from God, the one whom God had 
raised up to be Lord of all. The Word that was with God 
and was God had taken human form and dwelt among 
them (lohn 1:1,14). 
The risen |esus greeted the women at the tomb. The 

earliest written account of 
the resurrection was given 
by Paul in 1 Corinthians 
15:4-8: "He was raised 
on the third day in accor- 
dance with the scriptures, 
and ... he appeared to 
Cephas [Peter], then to 
the twelve. Then he 
appeared to more than 
five hundred brethren at 
one time, most of whom 
are still alive, though 
some have fallen asleep. 
Then he appeared to 
lames, then to all the 
apostles. Last of all, as to 
one untimely born, he 
appeared also to me." 
At that time manv of the 

12 Messenger July 1999 

Thw-oc^ aha^y'A' /)ny li-Ce^ he« h^-s> krie_4- trie,, 
diVe-ci-Ve-d iri€-, w-e^ic'u^ke^d Kve-, iVrspive^d Kye, , 

;losest friends of |esus were still alive. They could vouch 
or having seen and experienced the risen Lord. Paul was 
saying that several hundred people were still alive as wit- 
nesses to testify to the reality of a resurrection 
appearance. One person can have a hallucination. Paul's 
vision on the road to Damascus could be dismissed in that 
iway. But 1 1 people or 500 do not all at the same time 
have a common hallucination. 

Near the close of Matthew's Gospel we read that the 
chief priests gave money to the soldiers who had been 
guarding the tomb and said, "Tell the people, 'His disci- 
ples came by night and stole him away while we were 
asleep'" (Matt. 28: 13). Through the centuries there have 
been all sorts of attempts to explain away the resurrection 
of lesus. But if his followers had carried out a hoax, why 
would they have lived and died as they did? It could have 
been a delusion, but too many people were involved. 

One explanation has it that soon after the crucifixion 
the disciples came to the insight that the love, goodness, 
and truth that |esus had lived out was what they could 
still live for. It would have been like followers of Martin 
Luther King, |r., deciding after his assassination that they 
must carry on his work. But 
there is nothing in the Gospel 
accounts or elsewhere to indi- 
cate that this is what 

What else but the resurrec- 
tion could have transformed 
the shattered group of disci- 
ples into a band ready to 
challenge the [erusalem 
authorities and face prison 
and death as they bore witness 
to this Lord? What else but 
the resurrection of lesus could 
have transformed the Peter 
who fled from Gethsemane 
and three times denied know- 
ing lesus into the Peter who 
preached at Pentecost? What 

else but the resurrection could have been the impetus for 
the emergence of the Christian church, which within 
decades spread across the Roman Empire? 

We are asked to believe that the one who lived a 
superlatively loving life beyond any other was raised from 
the dead. We are asked to believe in the rising of this one 
who claimed a role in relation to God such as no other 
sane person ever did. Is it that hard to believe that the one 
who lived the most extraordinary life in all of history 
would triumph over death and come back to be with his 
friends? Not if there is the God to whom lesus pointed. 

1 think of myself as having heard the invitation of iesus, 
"Come and see." I've gone with the disciples on a jour- 
ney with this itinerant preacher. Through their accounts I 
have been given a closeup view of who he was. 1 have 
come to the same conclusions about him that they 
reached. I also have their testimony about his rising from 
death. The resurrection of lesus is central to why 1 believe 
and what 1 believe. God has not written a message in the 
stars, but he has given exactly the message we need in the 
life, death, and rising of lesus. 

But it's not just that I am 
convinced in my mind that 
Jesus is risen. I have found 
again and again that this living 
Lord comes to me. I have not 
seen the risen lesus with my 
eyes or touched him with my 
hands as the disciples did. But 
throughout my life he has met 
me, directed me, rebuked me, 
inspired me. 

When 1 talk with persons 
without Christian faith who 
might be interested in checking 
it out, 1 often say something 
like this: "There are the 
Dale Aukerman has preached as much as his health accounts about |esus. Read 

will allow since his cancer diagnosis. He often uses his them, immerse yourself in 
illness as a theme for his sermons. them, come to your own con- 

July 1999 Messenger 1 3 

4-0 Kpe-e^-V ya^ ^nd 4-0 l^y hold on yot^^w- li-Cc-, 

elusions. We have the accounts of the res- 
urrection of lesus. Ponder them. These 
questions about |esus are the most impor- 
tant questions you can ask and answer. If 
you are really seeking to find out the truth 
concerning jesus, an amazing thing can 
happen, lesus will no longer be simply a 
historical person in those events nearly 

2,000 years ago. This Lord will step out of "This wall plaque is there all the 
those stories to meet you and to lay hold time," Dale suid. "I generally 
on your life." 

An internationally known evangelist was 
giving a series of messages on a university 
campus. In the discussion time a student 
challenged him with skeptical questions. 
Several days later the evangelist met the student at break- 
fast. The student said, 'T still don't believe what you are 
saying. But since we talked, I have read through the New 
Testament." The evangelist replied, "You're on the way." 
Those who seek that ardently will find. 

overlook it. Bill when 1 notice 
it. what it says speaks so 
directly to what we experience 
in the struggle with cancer. " 

I believe in God most of all because of 
what I have seen in )esus. I believe that 
he comprehended the truth about our 
human situation, and I yield myself to his 
understanding. I believe that God gives 
eternal life beyond death, because Jesus 
promised us that. 

I don't know what is ahead for me. But 
I hope to be sustained in the faith that the 
disciples declared on the first Easter 
evening, "The Lord has risen indeed!" ^ 
(Luke 24:34). ^— 

Dale Aukerman. uj Union Bridge. Md.. is a writer, 
preacher and peace advocate. In his April 1998 article 
"Ijving with dying. " he shared with Messenger readers insights on the effect 
that a diagnosis of terminal lung cancer has had on his faith. By April this 
year the cancer had spread to his brain, and he received radiation treatments. 
.A journal Aukerman has kept during his illness is to be published next 
year bv Brethren Press. 


The child's mite 

During our church's recent remodel I held a Sunday 
school class in the back pew of the sanctuary. One 
Sunday, while trying to organize myself in the transition 
from class to worship, I looked up and saw my four-year- 
old son, loseph, going through my purse. I told him he 
was not allowed to do that and to stop. 

He then looked up at me and wailed, "But you haven't 

given me my coin. I NEED my coin. 1 need my coin for 
the give-it-up time!" — Stephanie K. Varnadore 

Stephanie Varnadore is a member of Columbia Lakewood Commu- 
nity Church, Seattle, Wash. 

Messenger would like to publish other short, colorful, humorous or 
poignant stories of real-life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your 
submission to Messenger. 1451 Dundee .Ave.. Elgin. II. 60120-1694 ore- 
mail to the editor at ffarrar_gb(a' 

14 Messenger July 1999 

God knows my dirty secret 

3yJean Lersch 

[n the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens 
... the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground" 
;Gen. 2:4-7). 

Human beings, the crown of creation, were formed 
rom dust. James Weidon Johnson, the famous 
3oet, expressed it this way, in his poem, "The Cre- 

Up from the bed of the river God scooped the clay. 

And by the bank of the river He kneeled him down; 

And there the great God Almighty. 

Who lit the sun and fixed it in the sky. 

Who flung the stars to the most far corner of the night. 

Who rounded the earth in the middle of his hand, 

This Great God, 

Like a mammy bending over her baby. 

Kneeled down in the dust toiling over a lump of clay 

Till he shaped it in his own image: 

Then into it he blew the breath of life. 
And man became a living soul. 
Amen. Amen. 

[\ Both the writer of the book of Genesis and this more 
-ecent wordsmith express God's high regard for dirt. So 
vvhy have we made dust, the metaphoric raw material of 
the human body, our enemy? 

Our culture dictates its removal and implies shame for 
its presence. One television ad pictures a hostess, a 
dervish polishing the room. She has just learned that 
guests are on their way. By the time the doorbell rings, no 
signs of this sacred element are evident. Mahogany furni- 
ture, knick-knack shelves, and linoleum floors shine like 
counterfeit mirrors. 

Unlike in the Garden of Eden, dust balls underneath 
beds or hovering in corners bring disgrace to today's 
homemaker. Why has this hallowed substance been so 
demeaned? Why must it be our foe? 

We pollute our atmosphere with fluorocarbons from 
spray cans, dry our skin with caustic cleaning chemicals, 
break our bones falling from ladders, and ruin our dispo- 
sitions engaging in unpleasant futile expenditure of time 
and energy, as we try to wipe out dirt. But that is as likely 
as seeing Martha Stewart serve hot dogs on paper plates. 
Dirt is here to stay. God ordained it. 

In my early married life 1 let my mother's example and 
women's magazines dictate a cleaning ritual. At the end 
of every week, usually Friday, like a household grunge, I 
dutifully gritted my teeth and armed myself with battle 

gear. I attacked sediment and smudges with dust cloths, 
spray, scrub bucket, rags, lemon-fresh or pine-scented 
cleaning agents, mops, vacuum sweeper, and angry 
energy. At the end of the day, the foe wiped out (or so I 
thought), the house smelled and looked antiseptic, thor- 
oughly clean and austere. 

Now, after 46 years of marriage, I've tried to 
make peace with my former enemy. When 1 
detect a buildup of this specially consecrated 
substance, I squint my eyes and imagine it a 
beach with billowing waves. As the layers 
increase, my vision is transformed into a 
garden growing cheerful sunflowers and 

When the old compulsions raise their 
voices and force me to retrieve some of the 
old battle gear, now I'm more relaxed with 
the chore. 1 clean much less than before. 
And I always clean late in the day, my 
most unproductive time, never when my 
mind and body are rested for more 
important pursuits. 

Occasionally I hear the vacuum 
sweeper motor or the squeak of glass 
cleaner on windows. Then I know my 
husband's level of grime tolerance has been 
reached. I'm sure at these times he is recalling his vow, 
"for better or for worse." 

When 1 visited an aunt whom I hadn't seen for many 
years, I was delighted to discover she was even less dirt- 
driven than I. Under beds and in corners I found evidence 
of her respect for God's gift. She spent her days reading, 
playing the piano, entertaining her granddaughter, and 
watching the Los Angeles Dodgers on television. 

But many places I visit are not like that: polished, 
uncluttered shelves; vacuumed rugs, the pile standing at 
attention; immaculate burnished furniture devoid of 
specks or stains; spotless mirrors, windows, and dinner- 
ware; everything tidy, picture-perfect, like the women's 

I wish more people would join my crusade to welcome 
this sacramental substance, dust. I really don't like being 
different. Perhaps I could start a magazine. Honoring What 
Is Sacred in Our Homes. Its pages would picture enticing 
scenes of cozy dwellings, a few sentimental decorations 
imperfectly placed, furniture mottled, windows spotted, and 
many bookshelves — all covered with the stuff from which 
we were made. 
And God saw that it was good (Gen. 1 ). 

lean Lersch is a member of St. Petersburg iFla.) First Church 
of the Brethren. 

July 1999 Mkssen(,ek 15 

begins here 

Caring Alin is tries 2 00 
ipas a place to be heard 
and to listen, to be 

cJiaUenged and to change 

Story by Tavia Ervin 
Photos by Nevin Dulabaum 

On my last day at Caring Ministries 2000 I came into 
Leftler Chapel at Elizabethtown College looking for a 
good seat for the morning's keynote session. My friend 
and I spotted a vantage point in the upper pews on the 
main tloor and headed that way. A solitary person sat at 
the end of the pew and as she saw us coming she smiled 
and moved down to make room for us. I sank down into 
the comfort of that warmed space she left for me in the 
middle of that big chilly auditorium and suddenly what I 
had heard and seen and experienced at this conference 
came clearly into focus for me. 

"Be Transformed In Body, Mind and Spirit" is an ambi- 
tious theme for a four-day conference. After all, I thought 
when I received my materials in the mail, transformation 
is not easy. How are we transformed in the church? How 
is the church transformed? Transformation comes slowly. 
What brings it about? An encounter with God. What 
brings about an encounter with God? Community, Spirit, 
the Word, worship. I brought these thoughts with me to 
the conference in the hope that my understanding of them 
would deepen as the week progressed. I was not disap- 

One of the striking scenes found on the Elizabethtown 
College campus is Leffler Chapel, which was constructed 
about four years ago. This chapel and performance hall and 
meeting space was the site of this year's Caring Ministries 
2000 plenary sessions, other special events, and exhibits. 

Staccato Powell, deputy general secretary of the National 
Council of Churches, draws chuckles from his Caring 
Ministries 2000 workshop participants as he e.xplains that he 
is a "salesperson" for God. not a member of God's 
"management team. " 

16 Messenger July 1999 

Like my brief encounter witin that sister in the audito- 
rium, at its core the conference was about sitting in the 
warmth of each other's faith and experience — about 
making room for one another to speak and to hsten. In 
his opening remarks to the confer- 
ence, ABC Executive Director 
Steve Mason said that the purpose 
of the conference was to both 
"comfort" and "challenge" atten- 
dees with a variety of presenters 
and session topics. He encouraged 
us to both share what we had to 
offer as individuals and to partici- 
pate fully in the conference 
program that had been planned for 
us. The result was a week of 
opportunities to experience those 
things which truly do lead to the 
transformation of the body, mind, 
and spirit: compassionate Christian 
community, spirit-filled worship, 
inspired preaching and teaching of 
the Word, and the honest discus- 
sion and exchange of ideas. 

The foundational message of 
transformation for our church, our 
congregations, and ourselves was 
woven into a wide variety of 
forums and brought to us by indi- 
viduals with different backgrounds 
and perspectives. 

The opening message delivered 
by Staccato Powell, deputy general 
secretary for National IVlinistries 
for the National Council of 
Churches in Christ, exhorted us to 
embrace and live out our status as 
"resident aliens" in this world, 
living here but not calling this our 
true home. He preached from 
Philippians 3:20-21 : "But our citi- 
zenship is in heaven. And we 
eagerly await a Savior from there, 
the Lord |esus Christ, who, by the 
power that enables him to bring 
everything under his control, will 
transform our lowly bodies so that 
they will be like his glorious body." 
He told us, "It is marvelous to let 
your light shine and to let others 
know whose you are." 

Bible study, led by Barbara Lundblad. began 
each day of Caring Ministries 2000. 
Lundblad. a member of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church of America, is known for 
her messages as a speaker on The Protestant 
Hour radio program. 

Daily Bible study with Barbara Lundblad , a regular 
preacher on "The Protestant Hour" radio program and 
associate professor at Union Theological Seminary, opened 
our minds afresh to the transformational power of the Word 
and to God's ability to raise up what 
we would keep down. Looking at 
stories of healing in the book of 
Luke, she challenged us with ques- 
tions like, "What would it take to 
heal your infirmity of spirit?" and 
"Must one person's liberation 
always be another person's threat, or 
does [esus have the power to heal 
all?" Her teaching about |esus' heal- 
ing of unexpected people in 
unexpected circumstances called us 
to look at our own healing and 
transformation as Christian care- 
givers, and our approach to the 
ministry of caring. 

This dovetailed nicely with the 
conference's 69 session offerings 
with titles like, "Necessity of the 
Second Birth for Caring," 
"HIV/AIDS and the Congregation: 
Are You Prepared to Respond?," 
"Caring Evangelism," and "Creat- 
ing a Safe Place to Share What 
Really Hurts." 

These provided plenty of oppor- 
tunity to be both comforted and 
challenged and to ask and answer 
the vital questions brought out in 
our Bible study, which are central 
in our caregiving ministries. Do we 
want to be transformed in ways 
that God has in mind for us? When 
we minister to people, do we do it 
with a preconceived notion of how 
that ministry will transform them 
or are we willing to let God do the 
transforming as he will? What if we 
are transformed in ways that are 
unexpected to us, even ways that 
we may deem "undesirable"? 

These are questions best lived with 
over time, not only for a brief confer- 
ence experience. But the raising of 
these questions is why a conference 
like Caring Ministries 2000 is impor- 
tant to the church. 

July 1999 Messenger 17 

Special music Ijigiilighted the opening sessiun. a worsiiip 
service, with Joel Nogle directing the singing. Included in 
this service was The Bells of the Valley, a group from 
Codorus Church of the Brethren. Loganville. Pa. 

Luke Walker of Black Rock Church of the Brethren. Glenville. 
Pa., followed every move of Bible study leader Barbara 
Lundblad. Based on Luke 15:10-1 7. Lundblad's lesson 
focused on "Healing the Spirit Bent Low. " 

Sponsors of Caring Ministries 2000, the Association of 
Brethren Caregivers, have a vision of service to the 
Church of the Brethren that is still emerging, according to 
Mason, the executive director. "We want to provide an array 
of resources to enrich and enable professionals and volun- 
teers in caregiving roles." This biennial conference is just 
one way that ABC will carry out that goal. Its aim is to both 

"nudge" and "nurture" in a faith-based context, as it pro- 
vides safe space for support of caring ministries and brings 
together a variety of perspectives and faith experiences. It is 
a blessing to be able to add these perspectives to my own as 
I continue to reflect on my experience at the conference. 

in one of the sessions I attended, the discussion turned 
to each person's definition of a dignified death. They 


Christina's sl(irt runneth over 

Christina said nothing when the visitor joined the group 
around the quilt frame, her 88-year-old eyes struggling to 
follow her needle in and out. But suddenly her needle 
stopped in mid-air and she burst out: "You been Vienna? 
I been Vienna, too. Worked there seven years, lived in a 
refugee camp, two kids, my in-laws, my mom, no hus- 
band. Sam was prisoner of war, we didn't 
know where, maybe dead, maybe not. . . . 
Vienna, I kno]v that town." Then with her 
face suddenly radiant she said, "That's where 
Mr. Ickes found us." 

Of course, that's neither the beginning nor 
the end of Christina's story. At a time when 
our Brethren ancestors streamed to the US, 
her family left Germany in 1 784 to emigrate 
to the breadbasket of Yugoslavia. There, 
between the Danube and Theiss rivers, they 
were "rich" in food, and life seemed secure ? 
for many years. Christina Beni 

But, suddenly. World War II was breaking out. Her 
husband was forced to join the German army, and one 
night in the spring of 1945, with village drums beating, 
word came they must evacuate. A cart was piled high with 
one butchered pig, loaves of bread, clothes, blankets, and 
then, with other villagers, they began to run, and walk, 
and hide, and work, dirty and hungry, poor in life's 
necessities, but rich in lice and the spirit to survive. 

"God's hand was over us, it sure was!" she 

When the war ended in April 1945, they were 
in a small village in Czechoslovakia. The plan 
was to charter a boxcar to take them across the 
border and then home, but it didn't happen 
that way after all. They found themselves vic- 
tims of slave labor, pawns of cruel, greedy 
Hungarian and Russian Communists, even 
locked in a boxcar on the Austrian border. At 
last, "home" became an old high school-cum- 
refugee camp in Vienna and here, thankfully, 
they were deloused. Here Christina, son Peter 


"It's wonderful being in the land of chocolate" is the body 
language Don Shanli, pastor of Highland Avenue Church 
of the Brethren. Elgin. III., seemed to express after he 
sampled the world-famous kisses that are made in nearby 
IIershe\\ Pa. 

were all different from one another, but I remember 
thinking to myself that the one principle that everyone 
seemed to agree on was the importance of the dying 
person's power of choice and participation in the dying 

I would say that it is just as important for the dignified 
life of our faith that we acknowledge the power of partici- 

and her father-in-law toiled long days rebuilding the rub- 
bled infrastructure of a devastated city and it was here, 
after seven long years, she had the dream. 

"I didn't believe in dreams, but one night I dreamed I 
was gathering eggs! In my skirt! Yes! I had to pull up the 
sides from the bottom and pull it together with one hand 
to make a basket and with my other hand 1 piled it full of 
eggs. Full eggs! All eggs, my skirt run over!" She laughed 
as she told the story. "Next day I come home from con- 
struction work the neighbor children come running out 
yelling: "Your husband's home, Sammy's home." She 
paused, "I don't know how he found us, but I have God's 
hand over me, no matter what." 

From that day on, Sam Beni took his wife's place at the 
hard labor and soon Christina went in search of warm 
clothes for him. Brethren back in the US had put together 
bundles which had reached the distribution center near 
the refugee camp. "We found a warm suit, and in vest 
pockets I find little cards with the name Will Ickes, 
Heifers for Relief Program. I say I'm going to write this 
man and thank him!" 

Laura Shenk of Elizabethtown, Pa., completes her painting 
of "love" at Elizabethtown Church of the Brethren while 
Lavonne Grubb stands by to assist. Grubb provided this 
service each day for the children of Caring Ministries 2000 

pation and engagement with one another in both the 
"comfort" and the "challenge" of being the church, rj/n 
Conferences like this one afford us that opportunity. r**^1 

Tavia Ervin. a member of First Church of the Brethren. Spring- 
field, III., is chaplain at Pleasant Hill Village, the Brethren Home 
at Girard. III. 


The letter, dated 1948, arrived in Dallas Center, Iowa, 
where Will was a farmer and a longtime member of the 
Church of the Brethren. Letters began flowing back and forth 
and soon Will Ickes, having helped deliver another load of 
heifers in Poland, came down to meet the Beni family in 
Vienna. With support of the local church, four years later, in 
1952, the Beni family arrived in New York. Mr. Ickes drove 
them to their new home near the church in Dallas Center, 
jobs were secured for the men, and Christina's life was as full 
of happiness as her dream-skirt had been of eggs! "God's 
hand is always over us! It sure is!" — Nelda B. Ikenberry 

Nelda B. Ikenberry. a member of the McPherson (Kan.) Church of 
the Brethren, is a retired special education teacher She researches and 
writes about women who live extraordinary lives. She grew up in the 
Dallas Center (Iowa) Church of the Brethren, where Christina Beni is 
a member Ikenberry met her during a visit there a year ago. 

Messenger would like lo publish oiiwr shori. colorful. Iiumorous or poignant 
stories of real-life incidents involving Bretliren. Please send your submission to 
Messe\ger. 1451 Dundee .^ve.. Elgin, I L 60120- 1694 or e-mail lo the editor at 

July 1999 Messenger 19 

A new day tor Ministry 

Gathering feedback from across the church 




As director of ministry for tlie General Board, Allen T. Hansell over the past 
year visited district nninistry commissions in 19 districts, while Nancy Knep- 
per, coordinator of district ministry, visited ministry commissions in the other 
4 districts. Together they logged 38,000 miles, listening to reactions of com- 
mission members to the proposed paper on ministerial leadership and 
explaining how the new policies might be implemented. In his travels, Hansell 
not only received important feedback on the ministry paper, he also 
assessed the mood of the church. 

Hansell, of Elizabethtown, Pa., served as a pastor for 23 years and as 
district executive for 8 years before assuming his current General Board 
staff position in October 1 997. He served Church of the Brethren congre- 
gations in Wilmington, Del. and Mountville, Pa., and was district 
executive for Atlantic Northeast District. He was interviewed by Fletcher 
Farrar, editor of Messenger, on June 1 1 . 

FThe name of the paper is "Min- 
isterial Leadership Statement," 
You came up with the name "ministe- 
rial leadership" after a lot of 
discussion. What is its significance? 


The church has wrestled with this for 
a long time. There is conl'usion about 
everybody being a minister, even to 
the point of saying that baptism is a 
sort of ordination. 

By the name "ministerial leader- 
ship," this paper attempts to describe 
the purpose of ordination. We are 
called out or ordained to provide 
leadership tor the church. Ordina- 
tion is not just tor personal 
recognition of an individual, 
although it is that. We ordain people 
tor the purpose of providing leader- 
ship tor the church. Those persons 
are different from others only in the 
sense that their leadership is recog- 
nized by the church. The main 
purpose of ordination is for the 
church to call out those who have 
those kinds of qualities the church 

You dropped the terms "cre- 
dentialed" and "set apart"? 


"Set apart" carries a connotation 
that ordained people are different 
from others. We're trying to get away 
from that implication of profession- 

Of course leaders need to be well 
trained. We don't have any problem 
with that. But our focus wants to be 
that we're not "called apart" so much 
as we are "called into." "Set apart" 
carries the connotation that you are 
"apart from." We want to develop the 
notion that persons are called by the 
community of faith, and they are 
"called into" an active leadership 
role. They are leaders among other 
sisters and brothers who are disci- 
ples. Some within the body are 
gifted, and those persons are called 
to use those gilts on behalf of the 
church. All baptized people are called 
into discipleship. Some of those dis- 
ciples are called into leadership. 

There is one sentence in the paper 
that spells this out: "An ordained 
minister, who believes in the ministry 
of the whole people ol God, will 

understand ministerial leadership as 
a call to serve with and among broth- 
ers and sisters who are not licensed 
or ordained, but who are also called 
to discipleship and service through 
the rite of baptism." 

FWill this document make it 
easier or more difficult to 
become an ordained minister in the 
Church of the Brethren? 


We are going to be much more inten- 
tional about ministerial leadership. 
We have raised the bar some in terms 
of helping persons to discern the call 
and in terms of ministerial educa- 
tion. Ministry is terribly important in 
the life of the church. We need to call 
out the best people that we have, and 
we need to be clear about what the 
expectations are. 


You've raised the educational 


The Ministerial Advisory Council 
deleted the section on the Three-year 

20 MEssEN(;i-Khilvl999 

Reading Course. If this is approved, 
that's where we would raise the bar 
in terms of ministerial preparation. 
At the moment we have the Three- 
year Reading Course. Many believe 
that program is inadequate. Some 
districts have stopped using it. 

If the changes are approved, the 
programs administered by the dis- 
tricts would need Brethren Academy 
certification. The Brethren Academy 
would come up with a curriculum 
and a process for that district- 
administered training program. 

We would hope to increase the 
number of courses, to increase the 
contact hours that students would be 
involved in. There are a number of 
people coming into the church 
through that level of training. In the 
future, there may very well be more 
persons coming in through that level 
of training than any other. So we're 
very concerned about what kind ot 
quality we have there, and whether it 
is consistent throughout the 23 dis- 

FAre you saying the Three-year 
Reading Course is done differ- 
ently throughout the different 


It's pretty spotty. Some districts use 
it pretty much as it's outlined. Other 
districts have stopped using it alto- 
gether and have put something else 
in its place. Right now that program 
is in the hands of each individual dis- 
trict to do with what they want. 


What are some more of the 
major changes? 


Another concern was persons 
coming into the Church of the 
Brethren from non- Brethren back- 
grounds. We have not had 
consistency. Districts have followed 
their own plans. Some have high 
standards; some are pretty lax. We've 
had some problems with persons 
coming in who did not understand 
the Church of the Brethren, who 

were not committed to the Church of 
the Brethren. That created a lot of 
conflict in our congregations. 


What did you do about it? 


The 1996 paper called for a national 
interview committee, and proposed 
that no one would come into the 
church unless they received the 
approval of that interview committee. 
That didn't seem very workable. 

We came up with what we call a 
Ministry Inquiry Committee. The 
person who wants to be recognized in 
the Church of the Brethren would be 
in touch with the district executive of 
the place where they wish to enter, 
and that DE would give her or him 
some basic literature about the Church 
of the Brethren — who we are and how 
we understand ministerial leadership. 

If the person is still interested after 
reading the material, the DE would 
convene the Ministry Inquiry Com- 
mittee. That would be the DE from 
the point of entry, someone from the 
district ministry commission, and 
someone from my office, either me 
or someone I would appoint. We 
would interview that individual. My 
presence there would be to ensure 
that we are applying the standards 
equally through all the districts. 

We would have the person tell their 
story. We would look at their minis- 
terial training to see if it would 
satisfy the requirements of the 
Church of the Brethren. We would 
need letters of reference to show that 
their ordination is in good standing 
at the place from which they come. 
We would ask how they understand 
leadership and pastoral authority. Do 
they understand the Church of the 
Brethren system, that we are congre- 
gational, yet we're also connected? 
We believe in the community of faith, 
not just individualism. We ask ques- 
tions to get at how that person will fit 
into the Brethren ethos. 


They would have to be 
approved by the committee? 


It's not so much approval as input. If 
the committee had concerns it might 
say to that district, "We see some 
problems. Move forward with cau- 
tion. These are some red flags." But 
the district would ultimately have the 

FWhat difference would it make 
whether they are recognized by 
the Church of the Brethren? 


They could not be a pastor in one of 
our churches if they are not recog- 
nized by the Church of the Brethren. 
That is not new, but it hasn't been 
enforced. Someone who has grown 
up in the Church of the Brethren 
needs the approval of the district 
board before they can be ordained. 
Why should we do less for someone 
coming in from the outside? 

Ordination for that person of non- 
Brethren background could not 
become official without at least one 
year of probation. 

FWhat are some of the problems 
you have experienced from 
independent pastors? 


Independent pastors see themselves 
as called by God alone; they're not 
terribly accountable to anybody else, 
and they move into a congregation 
and see that as their own fiefdom. 
They see that as their church. They 
have taken whole congregations 
away from us and have created lots 
of conflict. They have not been terri- 
bly supportive of the congregation 
making its financial contributions to 
the district and the General Board. 
They have not been supportive ot the 
congregation being invoked in the 
district and in Annual Conferences. 
They run their own independent 

We want to avoid that. We want to 
make sure that a person not only 
understands the Church ol the 
Brethren, but loves the Church of the 

July 1999 MiissENCEK 21 

Brethren, and can promote the basic 
beliefs of tiie Church of the Brethren. 
We are a peace church. We have a 
system of pohty that makes us inter- 

We don't thinl< the guidelines will 
turn away anybody who wants to 
serve the Church of the Brethren 
faithfully. It will turn away those who 
want to come into the church for 
their own benefit. They'll find it 
tougher to get in. 

courses can be taken to deal with 

those issues. 


Is there attention given to ethics 
of pastors? 


There's a new section on pastoral 
accountability. We lay out very clearly 
that all ordained people, not just pas- 
tors, arc subject to the 19Q6 f'thics in 
Ministry Relations paper. Districts will 
be required to conduct district-wide 
ethics training for all ordained people 
at least once every five years. 


Is there a new approach to test- 
ing one's call to ministry? 


The Council of District Executives 
approved in I 996 a program called 
Readiness for Ministry. We encourage 
districts to follow that, and more and 
more districts are coming online. When 
someone is recommended by a congre- 
gation for ministry, that Readiness for 
Ministry program suggests that there 
be a covenant formed between the con- 
gregation, the district, and the 
candidate for licensed ministry. 

Then we would expect that person 
to go through a scries of tests, or 
"discernment instruments," that help 
a person better understand who they 
are. What kind of gifts and skills 
does this person bring to ministry? 
What are some of the areas of con- 
cern? What are some of the areas of 

Then, ministry education becomes 
part of the process. If there are areas 
that need attention, some elective 


What has been the most contro- 
versial part so far? 


I hope there are no major controver- 
sies. This paper has been through a 
lot of groups. This paper has been in 
a collaborative process for 1 5 
months. We have worked out a lot of 
the problems. 

But there is one that might emerge: 
We continue to affirm that old state- 
ment that a person needs a call 
before they can be ordained. 

There are those who feel that we 
should simply ordain people and let 
them find their place later. District 
ministry commissions really bristled at 
that notion. They say their job is tough 
enough, and to lay that on them would 
make it almost impossible. 

We outline nine areas of service 
and say that a person seeking ordina- 
tion must fit somewhere within those 
nine areas. We're llexible with how 
you interpret those nine areas, but a 
person ought to be able to identify 
that their ministerial leadership is 
going to take a certain shape. With- 
out that, a person could justify 
almost any reason for being 
ordained. That would make it really 
tough for district ministry commis- 
sions to say no. What would you say 
no to if you don't have those guide- 

FThe paper seems very polished 
and positive. But in your visits 
with the ministry commissions, prob- 
lems surfaced. Is there worl<; to be 
done to address those concerns? 


1 have a deep appreciation for dis- 
trict ministry commissions. But they 
are not always taken as seriously as 
they should be. There are those 
within the Church of the Brethren 
who say, "Who are these people to 

question my ministry? I've been 
called by God. What right do they 
have to question that?" That gets 
back to individualism over against a 
community of faith. We believe 
strongly in 1 Corinthians 12 — that 
we're the body of Christ, that the 
body helps us discern our call. 

It's tough for ministry commis- 
sions to say no. We have this strong 
feeling within us that if we say no 
that puts a roadblock in the way of 
someone who may be very sincere. 
Commissions bend over backwards 
not to say no, but sometimes in 
doing that they've been too lenient 
and have ordained people who 
should not have been ordained. In 
matters of discipline and account- 
ability, there was a day in our church 
when the elders body had a lot of 
authority to act and their decisions 
were binding upon the church. Dis- 
trict ministry commissions are given 
that responsibility, but aren't given 
much authority with it. It creates 
confusion and anxiety. 


What are we going to do about 


In my visits I went over this paper, 
and outlined the commissions' 
responsibilities. 1 said it's tough, but 
you need to do this. No one else is 
going to do it. This is your job. And I 
made myself and others available to 
walk with them. They don't have to 
walk alone. They have a lot of 
backup help if they want it. 


You gave them a pep talk. 


That's right. I find some incredible 
people across the districts who give 
many hours beyond their secular job 
to the church because they love the 
church, and they love the Church of 
the Brethren. They are glad for this 
kind of paper that takes a lot of oral 

22 N4i:ssi-N(;i,uliilv IW) 

tradition and puts it into writing. To 
lay the paper out in such a way — that 
we're going to relate the same way to 
all 23 districts, we're going to do the 
same thing everywhere — that gives a 
lot of encouragement to district min- 
istry commissions. 

FYou say that a minister is 
"ordained for life." What does 
that mean? 


The paper does away with inactive 
and emeritus ordinations. That 
means a person is ordained for life 
and that ordination should stay 
active for life. However, for it to stay 
active, a person must be involved in 
ministerial leadership. 

We have about 950 pastors in the 
Church of the Brethren who are serv- 
ing in pastoral roles. We have o\er 
2,200 ordained people. I know that 
districts aren't in communication with 
some of those ordained persons, and 
are not really clear about what they're 
doing. What is their role? Is that 
person continuing to grow with con- 
tinuing education? What's that person 
doing? There's no reason to keep ordi- 
nation if a person is not involved in 
ministerial leadership. 

FYou said district ministry com- 
missions expressed concern 
about the shrinking size of the 


There is some anxiety out there about 
what's happening to us. Why are we 
declining? Why is it so tough to find 
ministerial leaders? There's some- 
thing going on. How can we lock the 
back door? 

I make the statement as I travel 
around the country that, while it's not 
all my fault, since I was ordained in 
1967 the church has lost 50,000 
members. Why is that? One answer is 
that we need quality leaders. What 
happens in our local congregations is 

often determined by the quality of 
leadership that's there. Does this 
person ha\e the skills to pastor a con- 
gregation? 1 think lack of quality 
leadership has something directly to 
do with our church's decline. How can 
we attract the best and the brightest? 


The answer to that is to have 


We say to people, "We want quality 
people. This is not a Mickey Mouse 
organization. This is serious." If 
you're a family therapist, you have to 
do so many continuing education 
units to keep your license. Is the min- 
istry less important than that? I think 
it's just as important. 

Quality does not turn people away. 
It attracts good people who say. 
"We're serious about this. This is a 
place I can serve, with some stan- 
dards that will help hold me 
accountable." When we raise the bar 
of quality w^e attract better people. 

FDid you find that redesign is 
still a topic of concern in the 
districts, even two years after it 


There is anxiety from not knowing 
what has happened. The people in the 
pew wanted the church to redesign 
itself, to make it more cost-effective. 
They wanted to make sure that the 
General Board and other agencies of 
the church really understood congre- 
gational life, and were there to assist 
congregational life. The congregation 
is where ministry occurs. Redesign 
was intended to increase visibility of 
congregations, to help enhance con- 
gregational life. We have some pieces 
in place to do that. At this point there 
are a lot of people waiting to see what 
is going to happen. They just don't 
know yet. They don't see enough evi- 
dence of it yet. 
But the recent numbers from the 

Funding Office showing an increase 
in congregational giving offer some 
real encouragement. Maybe the mes- 
sage is getting out there. Maybe 
things are going to be different. 
That's my hope. 

FHave the ministry commis- 
sions noticed any positive 
changes from redesign? 


Congregational Life Teams have been 
out there working with congrega- 
tions. When I went out to visit 23 
district ministry commissions I was 
there as a General Board staff 
person. 1 talked about the church at 
large. Persons were very appreciative 
of having someone from the General 
Board who cared enough to come 
and sit with them for three or four 
hours. Other General Board staff are 
putting forth an effort to be more 
visible in congregations. 

Each congregation needs to be 
involved in its own community. The 
role of the district and the General 
Board and others is to help them do 
that ministry to their very best ability. 
But their role is also to challenge con- 
gregations to go beyond their ministry 
in their own community. They also 
have a big responsibility toward the 
district and the General Board. And to 
the world. Congregations don't dare 
turn in upon themselves. They need to 
be outgoing. 

When I did the visits this time I 
wanted to test that. Are churches just 
concerned about their own. or is there 
a larger vision out there? I think that 
vision is there. We're part of a bigger 
picture. We're part of a whole. There is 
a love for the church as a whole, not 
just their own little corner of the 
world. Congregations are wanting the 
larger church to be effective, wanting 
us to spend our dollars wisely. They 
don't want a top-down type of ministry 
any longer. They want ministries that 
are done in partnership and through 
collaboration. That's what the 
church is hungrv for. 


July 1999 Messenger 23 

story and photos by 
Susan Houff Trudeau 

"Let the heavens be glad, and let 
the earth rejoice; let the sea roar, and 
all that fills it: let the field exult, and 
everything in it! Then shall all the 
trees of the forest sing for joy before 
the Lord" (Psa. 96:11-12).' 

It's hard to pick up a newspaper 
these days and not read bad news 
about the heahh of our environment. 
The hole in the ozone layer grows 
larger, the rainforests grow smaller. 
Our wildlife is vanishing, and global 
warming threatens to melt the polar 
ice caps, flooding our coastal com- 

Care of God's creation is becoming 
increasingly important in the 
Christian community. In 
May, the National Council of 
Churches in Christ convened 
its second Conference on 
Environmental lustice Min- 
istries in the Church, entitled 
"Christ is in Our Midst." 
More than 200 people repre- 
senting more than a dozen 
denominations gathered at 
North Park University in 
Chicago where, through a 
series of speeches, work- 
shops, and tours of 
environmentally and eco- 

Chicago, they both celebrated cre- 
ation and examined critical problems 
facing our planet today. 

Through workshops such as "Trans- 
forming Your Local Church: The 
Environmental lustice Covenant Con- 
gregational Program" and "Working 
with Children and Youth on Eco-jus- 
tice Issues," attendees learned 
strategies for introducing eco-justice 
issues to their home churches. "Eco- 
lustice in the Old Testament" and 
"Eco- lustice in the New Testament" 
provided biblical support for caring for 
creation. There were workshops on 
health care, the Clean Water Act, and 
climate change. 

Armenian Oithodox chinch members posed bv a landfill 
nomically devastated areas of before The Service of the Blessing of the World. 

One key issue addressed was the link 
between economics and the environ- 
ment. "Far too often environmental 
protection means protection for a cer- 
tain segment of the population — the 
privileged and the affluent," said 
Rosetta Ross, professor of ethics at the 
Interdenominational Theological 
Center in Atlanta, Ga. 

The Rt. Rev. Steven Charleston, an 
Episcopal bishop recently named presi- 
dent and dean of the Episcopal 
Divinity School in Cambridge, Mass., 
agreed. "Environmental change must 
equal economic change," he said. 
"There is no other way. We can't have 
one nation using so much of our 

resources when others must 
destroy their environments 
simply to survive." 

"Our way of life is humanly 
and environmentally suicidal," 
said the Church of the 
Brethren's Shantilal Bhagat, 
one of the conference's 
keynote speakers. "Survival 
depends on coming to grips 
with what is wrong with the 
mainstays of our civilization." 

Conferencegoers had the 
opportunity to examine first- 
hand the link between 
economic and environmental 
devastation. In the Garfield 

24 Messenger July 1999 

'ark neighborhood on Chicago's 
lear west side, burned-out brown- 
;tones served as a reminder of the 
•iots that rocl<.ed Chicago after the 
assassination of Dr. Martin Luther 
Kjng, |r. in the 1960s. Vacant lots lit- 
ered with broken beer bottles and 
;igarette packages lay next to apart- 
Tient buildings where children 
played. On the south side of the city, 
\ltgeld Gardens public housing pro- 
ect loomed eerily above the to.xic 
^aste dump upon which it was built. 
Yet abundant hope could be found 
amid the devastation. In Garfield 
Park, Bethel New Life Center offers 
residents a way out of poverty and 
despair. Founded by Mary Nelson 
and other members of the Bethel 
Lutheran Church in Garfield Park 35 
years ago, just after the Chicago 
'riots, Bethel New Life is a holistic, 
faith-based community approach to 
urban revitalization that encourages 
self-reliance and mutual assistance. 
Today, the organization offers job 
baining and placement (with a spe- 
cial focus on environmental and 
allied health careers), builds new 
homes, and rehabs apartment build- 
ings. Child and adult day care and 
in-home care offers a safe environ- 
ment for the young and the elderly, 
so family breadwinners can go to 
work. Burned-out buildings are 
being razed, gardens planted. 

The tours culminated with a visit to a 
landfill in the Lake Calumet area on 
the city's far south side. Once a heavily 
industrialized area. Lake Calumet lies 
placidly among the shells of long- 
abandoned steel mills. Mountainous 
landfills give the region the appearance 
of being not-of-this-world. 

Yet once again, as in Garfield Park, 
life has returned to an area that previ- 

Issiting a strong call for fundamental 
change in living patterns was Shantilal 
Bhagat of the Church of the Brethren 
General Board staff. 

ously lay in total ruin. Thirty years ago. 
Lake Calumet was a dead lake, poi- 
soned by a toxic leak from one of the 
landfills. Its fish and wildlife were 
destroyed. After a loud public outcry 
forced the landfill's closing, the leak 
was capped to stop the flow of toxins 
into the lake. Today, more than 200 
species of birds have been identified in 
the area, including 18 rare and endan- 
gered species such as the yellow- 
headed blackbird and great blue heron. 

Although a light drizzle had been 
falling off and on all day, the sun 
broke through the clouds as the dele- 
gation celebrated The Service of the 
Blessing of the World, conducted on 
a landfill by members of the Armen- 
ian Orthodox clergy. The service is a 
tradition in the liturgical cycle of the 
Armenian Orthodox Church, in 
which the church prays for the entire 
world and asks God's blessing to be 
on the four corners of the earth. 

"Help us save, maintain, and enjoy 
the gifts of your creation, this beautiful 
earth and its fruits," prayed Fr. Harou- 
tuin Dagley of St. George's Armenian 
Orthodox Church, Winnetka, 111. 

One of the great delights of an 
ecumenical conference is the oppor- 

tunity to worship God in a tradition 
other than one's own. Each evening 
service was held in a different tradi- 
tion: the Black Churches, Evangelical 
Lutheran and Episcopal Churches, 
and the Armenian Orthodox Church. 
The final worship service of the con- 
ference was ecumenical in nature. 
Sermons and music focused on 
God's love of creation and 
humankind's obligation to care for it. 

As the conference drew to a close, 
those in attendance were charged 
with inspiring their own churches to 
become environmentally aware and 
active, even if the road to awareness 
is difficult. "You would think con- 
vincing other human beings to take 
care of our planet would be a no- 
brainer," the Rev. Charleston said. 
"We must stand shoulder to shoul- 
der, side by side. Where else in the 
world is there a group who can stand 
up against this global threat if ^rsn 
not the Church Universal?" I i 

Susan Houff Trudeau. of Champaign, 
III., is a member of the Churcli of the 
Brethren eco-jiistice working group. Other 
members are Dianna Ullery, of Lacey, 
Wash.: Dar Miller of Dillsburg. Pa.: Tim 
Kreps. of Bloomington. Ind.: Karla Hig- 
niie, of Richmond, Ind.: Sarah Stafford, 
of Bradford, Ohio: and Emily Clark, of 
Claremont, Calif. Shantilal Bhagat, 
Global Mission Partnerships consultant, 
and David Radcliff, director of Brethren 
Witness, serve on the NCC eco-justice 
working group as well as the denomina- 
tion's working group. Other Brethren who 
attended the conference are Ken Edwards, 
of lonesborough. Tenn.: Donald Flint, of 
Sterling Heights, Mich.: Elric Boardman, 
of La Verne, Calif: Barry Barto, of Bear 
Lake, Mich.: and Don Stroup, of 
Brethren, .Mich. 

Wliat you can do 

The Church of the Brethren Environmental Working Group is in the processing of developing a Care for Creation pro- 
gram. The program, called Creation Care Congregation, will offer suggestions on how congregations or individuals can 
instigate changes that will help protect God's fragile creation. 

Several programs are already in place. The "Beat the Heat" campaign focuses on how churches can help cut down on 
CO, emissions and help stop global warming. The Energy Star Congregation program, developed by the National Council 
of Churches, helps congregations make their buildings more energy efficient. 

For information on these programs, contact the Brethren Witness Office at 800-323-8039; or e-mail Brethren Witness 
at witness_gb(5 

July 1999 Messenger 25 

/ can remember when the only supper 

held in the church was the Lord's Supper. 

I can't help wondering what the reaction 

of Jesus would he, if He were to appear today. 

Cover-to-cover superb 

It's not often that 1 read Messenger 
cover-to-cover. I give it a quick 
once-through, then pick the articles 
that tweak my interest and that's 
that. Not so the May issue! As a 45- 
year subscriber to Messenger, I 
would say that issue ranks in the top 
ten. I read it cover-to-cover twice. 

Beginning with the striking picture 
of Ken Morse on the cover and 
Howard Royer's superb tribute to 
Ken in "Grace to Touch the Dream." 
Then Wendy McFadden's excellent 
"From the Publisher" statement on 
violence, as well as the informative 
interview that Fletcher Farrar did on 
Kosovo with Walter Wink and the 
failed option of a nonviolent solu- 
tion. Then Fletcher's editorial, on 
the back page, of his personal 
acquaintance with, and insights 
gained from. Father Ivo Markovic, a 
Bosnian Franciscan priest and pro- 

Other articles — from |im Kinsey's 
"In Praise of Small Churches," to 
Don Booz' "Pitfalls of Pastoral 
Counseling," to Ken Gibble's article 
on the millennium — were all worth 
reading and pondering. 

From cover-to-cover it was a 
superb edition, one of Messenger's 
very best issues. 

Don Shank, pastor 
Highland Ave. Church of the Brethren 

Elgin. III. 

Ken Morse & beautiful words 

What a beautiful, loving tribute to 
Kenneth Morse was written by 
Howard Royer in the May issue! 

My husband and I grew up in the 
beautiful Church of the Brethren in 

Wenatchee, Wash. I really know my 
loving to just be in church goes back 
to those days long ago when each 
Sunday our family would enter that 
beautiful sanctuary. We later moved 
to Portland, Ore., and for a few years 
attended a Brethren church here. A 
few years later a Presbyterian church 
became our home church, but I never 
stopped taking care to keep Messen- 
ger coming to our home, just as my 
mother enjoyed it years before. 

I love beautiful words, so I am sure 
that Ken Morse's words gave me the 
rich inner joy I reaped from the May 
issue. lust as other efforts that 
remain faithful. Messenger has 
changed and evolved into the beauti- 
ful issue that could finally come to be 
the one for May, honoring the gifted, 
sensitive choice person that Kenneth 
Morse became. 

One night in the early 1960s, we 
were blessed to have him spend a 
night in our home when he was way 
out here in the West on some special 
mission that included our tiny 
church. It was an honor to offer a 
bedroom to a special guest. Now I 
want to show my appreciation for 
this gentle Brethren giant. Ken 
Morse would have been deeply 
pleased by Mr. Royer's effort. 

Marie Bninton 
Portland. Ore. 

In praise of small churches 

"In praise of small churches" in the 
May issue hit home with me. 1 was 
elected to the ministry in 1941 and 
retired in 1979. 

When I was called to be a minister 
I was working for the railroad. 1 had 
received a raise and was assured of 
more. I was asked to take a promo- 

tion that called for me to be out of 
the state at times. But I didn't take it 
Instead I served small churches, two 
of which grew to the size that they 
could, and did, support full-time 

I retired from the railroad and my 
full-time church in 1979. Up until a 
few years ago I filled in, and had a 
large number of revivals. 

We need revival in our churches 
now. There is nothing wrong with 
giving the invitation to come forward 
and accept [esus Christ as Savior 
and Lord. 

W. Randolph Abshire 
Roanoke. Va. 

Walter Wink on Kosovo 

Thank you for the interview with 
Walter Wink on Kosovo in the May 
issue. It certainly answered a lot of 
questions for me about this terrible 
situation. It is very refreshing to get 
both sides of the story. 

Gladys Haiigh 
Waynesboro. Pa. 

Another view on violence 

I appreciated Walter Wink's sound 
Christian perspective on the power 
inherent in nonviolence if it is used 
in the early stages of conflict. We 
shudder to think what might have 
happened in the racially tense 1960s 
if Dr. Martin Luther King, |r. had 
not become active at an extremely 
sensitive political moment. Might 
there have been a second civil war? 
But I found it difficult to focus on 
Wink's view because he repeatedly 
called the Kosovo conflict US- 
driven, without acknowledging that 
it was a NATO project from start to 

26 Messenger July 1999 

finish. Although the US is a major 
participant, it is not possible to 
imagine that President Clinton could 
make France, Britain, Germany, etc., 
do anything they did not want to do. 
NATO is an organization designed to 
keep European conflicts from 
spreading to a more general war. It 
appears that this objective has been 
met, at least temporarily. Similar 
action in 1938 might have stopped 
Hider cold. 

The policy has been not only to 
"cow" Milosevic, but to encourage 
his unhappy people to rise up and 
overthrow his government. This is 
still possible. Mr. Wink also failed to 
mention that a peace agreement had 
been within reach after years of 
diplomacy, but the buUheaded Milo- 
sevic refused to consider it. Those 
who say, "Why don"t we try negoti- 
ating?" have forgotten their very 
recent history. 

Edward Huber 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

They left out something 

I read with interest the interview by 
Brother Farrar of Walter Wink in the 
May issue. There were many 
poignant observations. I was heart- 
ened to hear someone so succinctly 
describe crucial elements of the 
American experience with power and 
violence, and its effect on our role in 
world affairs. 1 wholeheartedly agree 
that there are times when we can do 
nothing earthly to change things one 

However, 1 was astounded that 
both the editor of a peace church 
magazine, and a theologian and pro- 
ponent of nonviolence, failed to get 
in print the one thing Americans (or 
anyone) can do at all times, in all 
circumstances: PRAY. Pray that God 
will restore life to us when "captured 
by the Serbs. . . murdered by the 
Muslims," as the editorial stated, 
whomever our Serbs and Muslims 

may be. Pray that we might all be 
"free and alive, and able to choose 
reconciliation over retaliation." 

lesus' friends could not stop the 
violence being perpetrated on the 
Son of God. Even the Son of God 
could not stop the violence. But he 
could, and did, pray in the midst of 
the violence: "Father, forgive them, 
for they know not what they do," and 
"Not my will, but thine be done." 

Pearl Rohrer 
Shepherdstown. W.Va. 

A house of merchandise? 

1 want to say a very emphatic "Amen" 
to Eugene Lichty's letter in the May 
issue [see "Give us more on giving"]. 
And in particular I applaud his 
emphasis on eliminating the com- 
mercialism so prevalent in our 
churches these last few years. 

I can remember when the only 
supper held in the church was the 
Lord's Supper. There were no auc- 
tion sales, or "other less-than- 
biblical activities." Only worship. 

1 can't help wondering what the 
reaction of |esus would be, if He 
were to appear today. Would He 
again accuse those responsible of 
making His father's house a house of 

It grieves me no end that we have 
to merchandise to keep going, and 
can't keep God's house strictly a 
house of worship. 

Don Snyder 
Waynesboro. Va. 

Remember China martyrs 

Thanks for Messenger on tape. My 
wife Mildred and I have been sub- 
scribers for 63 years. 

Our church bulletin recently 
named two Church of the Brethren 
martyrs who should be remembered 
for their stand for peace: Ted Stude- 
baker and John Kline. 

We should also remember three 

Church of the Brethren missionaries 
who were martyrs: Minneva Neher, 
Alva Harsh, and Mary Harsh. They 
died in China in 1937. 

I knew Alva very well. We were 
both from West Virginia and we were 
students at Bethany at the same time. 
We were good friends. 

I was at the 1 936 Annual Confer- 
ence in Hershey, Pa., when he and 
Mary were dedicated for the mission 
field in China. It was a most wonder- 
ful spiritual experience to be part of 
more than 12,000 Brethren waving 
white handkerchiefs, and singing 
"God Be With You Till We Meet 
Again." We will meet again in 

These three loved the Lord, the 
Church of the Brethren, and the mis- 
sion field, and gave their lives of 
loving service to the Chinese people. 
We must not forget their cause and 
sacrifice. They were truly continuing 
the work of |esus. 

Dorsey E. Rotruck 
McPherson. Kan. 

Lifting up a Brethren saying 

While serving as a Church of the 
Brethren pastor for six years (conclud- 
ing in 1998), 1 greatly appreciated and 
enjoyed learning Brethren folklore, 
folkways, and folk-language. One oft- 
repeated phrase among Brethren 
people has intrigued me, the phrase 
"to lift up." Where does that stem 
from — some German pietist phrase or 
custom that got translated into this 
English idiom and stuck in the 
Brethren consciousness? 

For example, in the Messenger 
article by |ames L. Kinsey (May), he 
uses the phrase five times (three 
times in the same paragraph). 
Besides wondering if the phrase isn't 
redundant (usually, just "to lift" 
should be adequate), I'm curious if 
there's something in anabaptist his- 
tory that's being preserved through 
this choice of words, but maybe 

July 1999 Messenger 27 

obscured because newcomers like me 
are not aware of that connection. 

Those who know the answer, please 
let me and others knows. It certainly 
does seem that this phrase is charac- 
teristic of the Church of the Brethren. 
Carl H. Van Farowe 
Johnstown. Iowa 

Brethren name has served 
the brotherhood well 

1 am opposed to changing the name 
of our church just because a handful 
of "sisters in the faith" got their 
dander up over a distorted interpre- 
tation of the word "brethren." I have 
never thought of the name 
"brethren" as anything other than 
being neuter in gender, and i am of 
the opinion that this rendering is that 
shared by most everyone in the 

Why spin our wheels on this when 
we should be expending our energy 
in solving the problems of the world 
and, 1 might add, our church? 

The cost of a name change would be 
staggering. Every church bulletin 
board, every letterhead, every bank 
account would need to be changed. 
Why not channel the money instead 
into a fund to assist Brethren retired 
pastors who need financial assistance? 

Second, the name Brethren is a 
well-known and highly respected 
name most anywhere in the world. 
Being a representative of the 
Brethren Service Project in Puerto 
Rico, for example, will get you 
immediate entrance into any govern- 
ment office, including the office of 
the governor. 1 know. I have done it. 

Third, if your church doesn't 
embrace the qualities that are needed 
to build a loving and concerned fel- 
lowship, the name across the front of 
the church won't make one iota of 
difference. Nothing of significance is 
going to happen. 

£. G. Carper 
La Verne, Calif. 

28 Messenger July 1999 

A letter to our churches 
about anti-Semitism 

Recently we have been reminded of 
the persistence and pervasiveness of 
anti-|ewish bias in our denomina- 
tions. In our peacemaking work in 
Israel and the West Bank we work 
cooperatively with Jews and 
Moslems; we are working with 
people who are taking significant 
risks for peace. 

They reach out, beyond their fears, 
in the hope that people of different 
faiths can respect each-other enough 
to live as neighbors. 

Our relationships with lews are 
threatened when expressions of 
Christian anti-Semitism rekindle 
their fears and memories of the role 
of Christianity in fostering hate and 
violence towards lews. 

Some of our churches are doing 
significant anti-racism work. Thank- 
fully, there is no longer any credible 
theology undergirding racism. 

In contrast, we still have many 
adherents who use theological argu- 
ments to support their 
anti-Semitism. We have encountered 
simplistic characterizations of the 
Hebrew Bible as vengefuland 
ungraceful, beliefs that jesus' criti- 
cisms of some lewish leaders of his 
day apply to all |ews then and now, 
and Christian Zionism, in which 
lews become pawns with magical 
power in an end-times drama. 

It is our sense that we need to 

undertake strong denominational 
educational efforts to understand 
how our theological assumptions 
have been shaped by an anti-Semitic 

We can begin by acknowledging 
that ignorance of the history of 
Christian anti-Semitism is a prob- 
lem, our problem. 

Whether we like it or not, even 
whether we know it or not, we are 
the spiritual heirs of the Crusaders, 
of those who expelled the lews from 
medieval Spain, of those who refused 
asylum to lews fleeing the Holo- 
caust; others remember even if we 
don't. We suggest, as one starting 


Glendale Church of the Brethren 

Services at Ceniennial High School 
14388 N. 79th Avenue 
Peoria, AZ Office # (623)587-191 1 
Sunday Services 10:30 AM 

Phoenix 1st Church of the Brethren 

3609 N. 27th Street 

Phoenix, AZ 85016 (602)955-8537 

Sunday Services 10:45 AM 

Tucson Church of the Brethren 

2200 North Dodge Boulevard 
Tucson. AZ 85716 (520)327-5106 

Sunday Services 10:00 AM 

Congregational Life Team Member 

Half-time position to work in Area 5 to work with Pacific Southiwest, 

Oregon-Washington, and l(daho districts. Works as part of a team within 

covenantal partnerships between General Board and districts to 

resource and consult with congregations and district groups. 

Interviews begin after August 23 and continue until the position is filled. 

For more Inforraation contact: 

Elsie Holderread at (800) 323-8039 or e-mail 

point, that the following questions be 
addressed by our denominational 
educational and publishing institu- 

Where in our school curricula are 
our students taught about the history 
of Christian anti-Semitism? Are they 
exposed to modern ludaism as a 
living faith? Where in our seminaries 
are future church leaders given the 
tools to confront anti-Semitism in 
congregations they may pastor, in 
church conferences, or in ministerial 
associations? in our congregations 
and meetings, does the theology in 
our Sunday school curricula prepare 
our members for respectful encoun- 
ters with lews? 

Many CPTers have made a com- 
mitment to confront anti-Semitism 
wherever they encounter it, whether 
on the street, in sermons or in jokes. 
We ask you to join us in this commit- 
ment, knowing that it will be neither 
easy nor comfortable. 

Christian Peacemaker Teams 

P.O. Box 6508 

Chicago IL 60680 

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Developed by eMounlain'" Communications, 
LLC. a minisirv of Breihten Benefit Trust for 
membe'S ol the Church o1 the Steihten and 
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Messenger is available on tape for people who are 
visually impaired. Each double cassette issue con- 
tains all articles, letters and the editorial. 

Recommended donation is $10 (if you return the 
tapes to be recycled) or $25 (if you keep the tapes). 

To receive Messenger on tape, please send your 

name, address, phone number, and check made 

payable to ABC to: 

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Elgin, IL 60120 


Diabetics with Meciicare-i ir insurance. Save nione\' on 
diabetic .siipplie.s. For more inf( irmation call (800) 337-4144. 


Mennonite Indemnity, Inc., a church-based com- 
pany promoting mutual aid through property and 
casualty insurance, seeks to fill two new leadership 
positions. Director of Information Systems-bachelor's 
degree or equivalent experience in information sys- 
tems and five years in systems analysis, design and 
management. Leadership, planning, relational and com- 
munication skdis needed. Director of Insurance- 
bachelor's degree in a business-related field. Three- 
five years of experience in the P& C industry; familiar 
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CPCLI or other insurance designation preferred. Please 
mail or fax resumes with cover letter and salary expec- 
tations to: Mennonite Indemnity, Inc., 704 Main St., 
Box SOO, Akron, PA nsoi, Fa.x: (717) 8S9-3983 


Discover the best of Greece and TUrkey. with possi- 
ble optional to the famous Oberammergau Passion Play 
in Germanyjune 14-July 1, 2000. Tour Coordinators- Rev 
Ed iSi Edie Bontrager, Pastor and Rep. on New Life .Min- 
istries; Guest Lecturers-Pres. Richard and Jewel Show;ilter, 
Eastern Menn. .Missions. See Athens, Corinth, Philippi, 
Istanbul, Troas, Isle of Patmos, Ephesus, Pergamum, 
Lacxlicea, Miletus, Munich, Dachau, Neuschwanstein Gistle, 
Bavaria, & much more! Write for brocure to Ed Bontrager, 
2 E. Spur Ct., Hampton, VA 23666. Phone 757-766-7746. 
E-mail EeBontrag(5' 

Travel with a purpose to: Eastern Europe and the 
"Passion Play with pi issible optional ti i the famous Ober- 
ammergau Passion Play in Germanyjune 1-i-July 1, 2000. 
Tour Coordinators- Rev. Ed & Edie Bontrager, Pastor and 
Rep. on .New Life Ministries; Guest Lecturers-Pres. Richard 
and Jewel Showalter, Eastern Menn. Missions. See Athens, 
Corinth, Philippi, Istanbul, Troas, l.sle of Patmos, Ephesus, 
Pergamum, Laodicea, Miletus, Munich, Dachau, 
Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, & much more! Write for 
brocure to Ed Bontrager, 2 E. SpurCt., H;uiipton, VA 23666. 
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The opinions expressed in Letters are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them in 
the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is warranted. 
We will not consider any letter that comes to us 
unsigned. Whether or not we print the letter, the 
writer's name is liept in strictest confidence. 

Address letters to MESsr^t^GER editor, 1451 Dundee 
Ave.. Elgin. II. 60120. 

July 1999 Messenger 2 9 

New members 

Ankeny, Iowa: Dennis and Wendy 

Arcadia, Ind.: Allen Rednour, lake 
Rednour, Levi Rednour, Megan 
Brocket!. Ron Brockett, Patty Brock- 
ett, lared Knapp, Travis Knapp 

Bakersfield, Calif.: Tricia McPherson, 
Krysta! Shaler. Sara Diaz. Zachary 
McGraw. Lindsay Dumatrait. 
Richard Keeling, Katherine Keeling. 
Anna Blockley. Elizabeth Keeling, 
lenni Scarr, Scott and Karoline 

Brandts. St. Thomas, Pa.: Anita Car- 
baugh. lulie Hunt. Steve and Robin 
Murray. Todd and Tammy Amsley 

Bridgewater, Va.: Larry and Marilyn 
McDorman. Herman and Frances 
Miller. Barbara Pugh, Megan 
Button, Ed and Louise Callahan, 
lessica Bachman. |ill Craun. Will 
Fawley. Casey Flora, Heather 
Galang, Kent Hutchinson. Callie 
Mclntyre, Gcnita Metzler. Nicole 
Shank. Beth Stovall. [ulia Stutzman 

Brothersvallcy. Berlin. Pa.: lames Nair. 
Stacy Sayler 

Bush Creek, Monrovia. Md.: lennifer 
Musselman, |ill Wilson. Crystal 

Chambersburg, Pa.: ieffery Banks. 
Daniel Baker. Graham Burkholder, 
Tom Deardorfi, |ohnathan Faust, 
Rayanne Humelsine, Ashley |acobs, 
lessica Piatt, Shelly Rotz, Bradley 
Shilling, Alison Van Horn 

Charlottesville, Va.: lames and Stacy 
Burback, Carl and Sandy Schwaner, 
Robert Ready 

Defiance, Ohio: Morgan Mammon 

Dupont, Ohio: Rebecca Hermiller, Earl 
Hermiller, Katie Kosch, Brian 
Kosch, Karen Kosch, Samantha 
Prowant, Norma Moore, Tony Ten- 
walde. Bonnie Adkins, Richard 

Eversole. New Lebanon, Ohio: Scott 
Yuppa, Vivian Valley 

First, Harrisburg. Pa.: Domique Burno, 
Lisbeth Carrion, Kathy Carrion, 
Mara Carrion, Gina Cruz. Millie 
Cruz, lessica Cruz. Adriana Gonza- 
lez, Hector Nieves, Mirta Ortiz, 
Hilda Renlas. |ulio Reyes, Maria 
Rivera, luanita Rosado. Ruth Ann 
Saft. Luz Salcedo, Yanitza Sobrado, 
Anderson Velez, Brenda Velez, 
Marisol Velez, Moises Velez, lames 
Ballard, ]uan Pablo Cruz. Mercedes 
Cruz, Margaret Morris, Andy 
Ostrowski, Ruth Ostrowski 

Flat Creek, Big Creek. Ky.: Natasha 
Napier, Carrie Napier, Orville 

Napier, Edith Baker, Herschel 
Asher, Lena Asher 

Friendship, Linthicum. Md.: George 

Glendale, Ariz.: Daniel Allen, Bob 
Borkiewicz. Beth Creaney. Gregg 
Gordon, Linda Gordon. Betty |o 
Gordon, Linnette and Quinn 
Klinedinst. Sean McGuire, Cindy 

Greensburg, Pa.: Lori Blackburn, 
Linda Thompson 

Hollidaysburg, Pa.: Allen Hughes, 
Gaylee Hughes, Patrick Hughes, 
Terry Bickcl 

Kent, Ohio: Millie and Richard Fox. 
lason and Deena Smith, lustin 

La Place, 111.: Phil Hansen 

Ligonier, Pa.: Katrina Beckman, 
Michael Mclnchok, Britney 
Pniewski, Zachary Polinsky 

Linville Creek, Broadway, Va.: Norman 
Biller, Noah Keller, |ason Spence 

Maple Spring, Hollsopple, Pa.: Adda 
Marian, Ashley Bittner. Jonathan 
Shaffer, Debbie Toth, Shawn Toth 

Marsh Creek, Gettysburg, Pa.: Dennis 
Dawes, Lisa Dawes, Chrystal Baker, 
Fernando Rivera, Sheena Hay. 
Robert Hay 111, Ashlec Musselman, 
Leighton McCleaf. Nicholas Troop, 
Roger Ramos. Tammy Nieves- 

Middlebury, Ind.: Ron and Suezeli 
Adams. Kimberly Barger, Lee and 
Dorothy Bontrager. Kevin and 
Donya Doullick, Marilyn Kehr. Glen 
and Marie Kuhns. Don and LaVerda 
McGowen, Deneise Weymiller 

Mill Creek, Tryon. N.C.: Al Brown. 
Reen Smith, Meghan Home, lustin 
Home. Claire lohnson. lamie Kim- 
brell. loshua McEntire. Ben 
McEntire, Melissa McEntire, Shanna 
McCormack, Megan Painter, Brandy 
Painter, jane Ptumley. Otis Rowe, 
Wilma Rowe. loe Rinehart, Brenda 

Mohican, W. Salem, Ohio: Scott and 
Lee Ann Bowling, Rich Moore, Mike 
and Tracy Thomas, lessica Wilcox. 
Cory Beegle 

Moscow, Mt. Solon. Va.: Stacey Grove. 
Starr Hooke, Ryan Knott. Diana 

Mt. Morris, 111.: Vera lohansen, 
Michelle Bellows. |an Francis. 
Isabelle Krol, Brian Ballard, Brandon 
Burr, Kristi Davis, lessica Griffin, 
Ben Ritchey Martin. Kyle Ward 

Mud Lick, Manchester. Ky.; Geneva 
Smallwood. Patsy Smallwood. Patri- 
cia Holland, (ennifer Holland, 
Gather Smith, Pamela Smallwood. 

Stephanie Holland 

Naperville, III: Ivor and Saryu Hatia. 
Bhavna Patel, Purvi Satvedi. 
Christopher Shah, Vivek and lenifer 
Shah. Nikhil Siony, Alliston Thakor 

New Paris, Ind.: Randy Haupert, 

Renee Haupert, Beverly Long, Caria 
Valencourt, Angela Goppert 

North Winona, Warsaw, Ind.: David 

Oakland, Gettysburg, Ohio: Ed Ever- 
man. Erin Everman. Eric Everman. 
Shari Everman, Mary Ann Maurer, 
Shelley Kontra, Pete Kontra, Rita 
Sharp, Peggy Stiver, Rick Stiver, 
Deborah Strain, Scott Strain. Don 
Wick. Ellen Wick, Richard Stiver. 
Stacie Stiver. Heidi Bailey, loe 
Bailey. Paul Bailey. Wanda Bailey. 
Norma Baker. Susan Ganger. David 
Shetler, Lisa Martin, Wilma Heiby, 
Vicki Monnin, Stacey Galloway. 
Brian Haag, Kaysa McAdams, Patri- 
cia Meeks, Amy Hannahs, Don 
Harmon, Karla Harmon. Krista 
Spence, Tony Spence, Marianne 
Sigman, Dennis Sigman, Melissa 
Bernhard, Sarah Coblentz. Kathy 
Cooper, Christina Custer. Elizabeth 
Custer, Laura Donadio, Christopher 
Ernst. Elizabeth Etter. lason 
Hollinger, Brandon leffries, Carrie 
lones, Niki Lyme, Rebecca Hare, 
Melinda Thompson, Brad Hare. 
Marcia Shetler, Tracey Martin, Pat 
Monnin, Michael Galloway. Ray 
Haag, Lynne Hanes, Dennis Meeks, 
Linda lones 

Philadelphia First, Wyndmoor. Pa.: 
Tara H. Dorsett. H. Kevin Derr 

Pine Grove, Harrisonburg, Va.: Mark 
Spitzer. Penny Green, Anne Brower. 
Don Adams. Glendon Deavers, Betty 
Ritchie, Luella See. Ray Caplinger. 
Connie Derrer, Nancy Adams, 
Dennis Stoneburner. lames Eberly, 
Sam Good 

Parker Ford, Pa.: Paul Weaver. Larry 
Willauer. Matthew Willauer, Ryan 

Piney Creek, Taneytown. Md.: Dennis 
Robinson, Russell Tyler. Terry 
Bishop. Deborah Waltz, Kim Poff. 
Katie Baker. Richard and Linda 
Baumgardner, Tobias and Scott 
Bowers. Dale Dinlerman, Linda 

Pleasant Hill, lohnstown. Pa.: Eric 
Blue, Elisa Cekada, Shawn Davis. 
Melissa Demchak, Nicholas Fabina, 
Sr., lessica Leventry, Korey Roberts, 
Kurlis Roberts 

Ridgely, Md.: Erma Lynn Garey, Althea 
Schuyler, Kathy Lindenberger 

Saunders Grove, Moneta. Va.: |oanna 

Williams, Sheila Williams 

Skyridge. Kalamazoo. Mich.: Ryan 
Metzler, Carle Moerdyk, Chuck 
Kreps-Long, David Thompson 

South Bay Community, Redondo 
Beach. Calif.: Elizabeth Schatz, 
Shannon lorgensen. Hannah Mcln- 
tire, Shaun lorgensen. Robert 
Schatz. Kevin Schatz 

Stone, Huntingdon. Pa.: lames Tuten. 
Belle Tuten, Andrew Nelson, 
Christopher Land, Aaron Rhodes, 
loseph Porcelli 

Trinity, Sidney, Ohio: Phillip Miller. 
Linda Miller, Rhonda Miller. Mark 
Barga. Lori Barga, Mark Chiles, Sue 
Chiles, and Thelma Slusser 

Wichita, Kan.: Travis Boles, Susan 
Kendall, Mike Stapleton. Katie Hill, 
Aaron Melhorn, Christopher Minns, 
Chris Blurton 

Wilmington, Del.: lennifer Mary 
Burris, David Michael Cornelius, 
Brianna Leigh Hansen, Wesley Paul 
Haynes. Kathryn Micki McKenney, 
Amanda Shearer MacFarlane 


Aldrich, Wallace and Pearl, North Lib- 
erty, Ind., 50 

Bailey, Carol and Neva, Morrill. Kan., 50 

Brandt, Lloyd and Lois, Glendora, 
Calif., 50 

Brumbaugh, Elmer and Averie, Kent, 
Ohio. 75 

Buirley, William and Pauline, Troy, 
Ohio. 50 

Carper, lerry and Eva, Richlandtown, 
Pa.. 55 

Catledge, Cecil and Bonnie, Gridley, 
CaliL. 50 

Folk, Glenn and Evelyn. South Bend. 
Ind., 50 

Graffious, Howard and Maude, Defi- 
ance, Pa.. 50 

Hartsough, Raymond and Claire, Ply- 
mouth, !nd., 50 

Haworth, Paul and Virginia, Lorida, 
Fla.. 60 

Hodge, loe and Phyllis. La Place. III., 50 

Hodgden, Ralph and Margaret, Erie, 
Kan., 60 

Houser, George and Anna Lou, North 
Liberty, Ind.. 60 

Hunt, William and Cora Belle. Bush- 
nell, Fla.. 50 

Kagarise. Blaire and Pauline, Hunting- 
don, Pa.. 55 

Leckron, Verl and Irene, Vancouver. 
Wash.. 50 

McCrory, Harold and Thelma. Olathe, 
Kan., 60 

30 Messenger July 1999 

McNew, Robert and Genevieve, Cham- 

bersburg, Pa.. 50 
Miller, Henry and Mary, New Oxford. 

Pa., 73 
Morral, Eugene and Allegra, Everelt. 

Pa., 50 
Pollock, Norman and Vivian, Anlieny, 

Iowa. 50 

Reed, Roy and Esther, Plymouth, Ind., 50 
Romick, Ray and Betty, Alleman, 

Iowa. 55 
Rolruck, Dorsey and Mildred, 

McPhcrson, Kan.. 65 
Shively, Sherlo and lla. Bakersfield. 

Calif.. 50 
Sloan, Don and Donna, Ashland. 

Ohio, 50 
Underwood, Gilbert and Esther. Bas- 

sett. Va., 50 
Wendell, Tobias and Georgia, Akron, 

Ohio, 50 
Wildasin, Roy and Hilda, Hanover, 

Pa., 60 
lYoung, Charles and Marilyn. Oakwood, 

Ohio, 50 


Adkins, lames Alfred, 79, Bassett, Va., 

Nov. 2 
Airey, Leta Elizabeth. 80. Dayton, Va., 

March 25 
Apple, Ralph, Piqua, Ohio, April 23 
Armentrout, Virginia, 94, Bridgewater, 

Va.. April 27 
Barker, Bonnie Nash, 50. Bassett, Va.. 

Dec. 6 
Barker, William loseph. 52, Bassett. 

Va., Dec. 6 
Boles, Buford G., 77, Modesto, Calif., 

May 1 
Bowman. Mary, 85, Bridgewater, Va., 

April I 3 
Boyd, lohn. 89, Troy, Ohio. June 2 
Brubaker, Martha Detrick, Troy, Ohio. 

May 8 
Claar, Winifred, 85. Hollidaysburg, 

Pa., Ian. 31 
Cline. Margaret I., 74, Waynesboro, 

Va., May 6 
Cline, William L.. 92. Harrisonburg. 

Va., May 15 
Coy, Edward Cason. 87, Live Oak, 

Calif., April 6 
Cuilison, Bernice, 91, Gettysburg, Pa,, 

Nov. 6 
Delauter, Gladys Regina. Frederick, 

Md.. April 25 
Derringer, Byron 1., 85, Grottoes, Va., 

April 1 5 
Dickson, [ohn, 82, Mt. Morris, 111.. 

Ian. 22 
Donley, Esther, 83, Manheim, Pa., May 3 
Dove, Burley F., 81. Broadway. Va., 

May 6 

Dunmya, Tim, 46, Hooversville, Pa., 

April 26 
Eash, Ruth, 87. Hooversville, Pa.. 

April 20 
Eby, Cecil, 78. Marysville, Ohio. Aug. 24 
Fetter, Lawson, Greenville. Ohio. Feb. 1 3 
Fiore, Isabel. 89. Greensburg. Pa.. Ian. 1 
Foley, Kate Midkiff. 89. Bassett. Va., 

Nov. 23 
Follz, Pearl, 79, Woodstock, Va., 

March 22 
Foutz, Marcus, 82, Vinton, Va., Ian. 18 
Gibbel, Verda E., 99, Palmyra, Pa., 

Feb. 27 
Gibble, Ann E., 56. Chambersburg. 

Pa,. May 10 
Good, Evelyn H., 68, Grottoes. Va., 

May 8 
Guy, Lantz L.. 81, Timberville, Va.. 

May 25 
Hager. A. Mary, 94, Chambersburg, 

Pa., Ian. 16 
Halterman, Inez L.. 78, Bcrgton, Va.. 

April 18 
Hanger, Thelma K.. 85. Harrisonburg. 

Va., May 5 
Hatcher, William ¥.. 82, McDowell, 

Va.. April 5 
Haulman, Ellen M.. 84, Chambers- 
burg, Pa., April 10 
Henk, Carol, 72, Glendora, Calif.. Dec. 

21, 1997 
Hershberger, Marion, 86. Kettering, 

Ohio. May 9 
Hetrick, Ethel. 84. Huntingdon. Pa.. 

Nov. 20 
Hildebrandt, Philip, 86, York, Pa.. May 

8. 1999 
Hoffer, Lulu, 93. Wakarusa, Ind., May 3 1 
Holdren, Henry. 73, Moneta, Va., 

March 23 
Holsopple, Donald, 74, Hollsopple, 

Pa,, May 17 
Houston. lames A., 98, New Paris, 

Ind,. March 18 
Hudock, Alice |ane, 71, Greensburg, 

Pa., May 10 
lohnston, Floyd. Monroeville, Pa., May 7 
Keeling, Calvin, Bakersfield, Calif.. 

Dec. 15 
Ketterman, Charles W, 80. Petersburg. 

W.Va.. April 1 1 
Kielsmeier, 90. Mt. Morris. Ill, March 1 1 
Kingree, Stanley. 71. Edinburg, Va,, 

April 19 
Kramer, Avanel, 76. Coopersburg. Pa., 

Feb. 23 
Lauver, Wilbur H., 92, Ottawa, Kan., 

May 2 
Laylon, Fleeta. 91, Huntingdon, Pa., 

April 25, 1998 
Lease, William. 84. Davidsville, Pa., 

April 30 
Lemert, Henry, 85, Plymouth, Ind., 

May 13 
Lough, Frances, 83, Broadway, Va., 

March 18 
Lowes, Donnie, Monroeville, Pa., April 18 
McElwee, Gladys, 94, Huntingdon. 

Pa.. Feb. 1 1 ' 
Manchester, Alice. 92. Glendora. 

Calif., lune 7, 1997 
Martin, Vivian. 95. Mt. Morris. 111.. 

April 23 
May, Larry T, 60. Lynchburg, Va., 

April 10 
Mellott, Sara. Monroeville, Pa., April 13 
Merriman, Edna Foley, 83, Bassett, 

Va., May 15. 1998 
Metz, Pieter, 79, Kentucky. March. 

Meyers, Susan. 99, Chambersburg, Pa., 

Nov. 19 
Miller, Frances, 81, Springfield, Mo.. 

April 8 
Miller, R. Eugene, 69, Saxton, Pa.. 

March 1 5 
Miller, lerry D., 60, Harrisonburg, Va.. 

March 5 
Molison, Hazel N., 88, Hanover. Pa.. 

April 9 
Moore, Annie, 96. Ridgely, Md., Feb, 7 
Morgan, Loretta. 73, Strasburg, Va.. 

April 18 
Mummerl, Ross, 85, Chambersburg. 

Pa., Ian. 2 
Norman, Luther A., Gettysburg, Pa., 

Nov, 13 
Nusbaum, Alvin, 78. Middlebury. Ind,. 

Nov. 30 
Cakes, Albert |,. Ir.. 76, New Oxford, 

Pa,, May 20 
Personette, Roy. Mt. Morris, 111., 

April 30 
Pheasant-Pennington, lanelle, 29, 

Huntingdon, Pa., Aug, 4 
Rager, Sylvester Dean, 73, lohnstown. 

Pa., March 9 
Reeves, George Mack, 73, Bassett, Va,, 

Aug. 5 
Rhodes, Regina, 86, Hollidaysburg, 

Pa,. Sept. 14 
Rogers, Enid, 92. Wakarusa. Ind., April 2 
Rose, Orrie L,, 77, lohnstown. Pa., 

April 9 
Rudy, Minnie, 90. Huntingdon, Pa,, 

Aug. 29 
Secrisi, Seth F. 88, Fayetteville. Pa., 

Ian. 28 
Shafer, Mildred. 86, Continental. Ohio. 

May 16 
Shimp, Chelsie. Troy, Ohio, April 26 
Smith, Marv H.. 86, Harrisonburg, Va,, 

May 10 
Snead, Frances R., 80, Staunton, Va., 

May 9 
Stauffer, Pearl, 80, Mt, Morris, 111., 

April 19 
Stephic, Frank. 73. Elkhart, Ind., Dec, 27 
Stevens, lohnnv, 82. Bedford, Va., 

March 27 
Thompson, Leta. 83, Glendora, Calif., 

April 20 
Turner, Wanda, 71, Fulks Run,Va,, 

April 22 
Webber, Martha E,, 87, Modesto, 

Calif., May 2 
Weyandl, lames Sr.. 53, New Stanton. 

Pa., April 2 
Whittington, Emma, Baltimore, Md,, 

May 1 7 
Williams, Betty A., 77, York, Pa., May 1 
Winebarger, Roger, 65, Bassett, Va.. 

Dec. 19 
Wright, Lois, 93, Bridgewater, Va., 

March 15 
Wright, Roy, 97, Bridgewater, Va., 

March 9 


Brady, Stephen Derek, Mount Carmel, 

N.C.. Dec, 12 
Carter, Duane. Decpwater. 

Missouri/Arkansas. Feb. 13 
Hoffman, Richard Allen, Schuykill, 

Pine Grove. Pa., Dec. 17 
Rice, Larry jr., Prince of Peace, South 

Bend, Ind., Sept, 8 


Boyd, Mary L., Venice Community, 

Venice, Fla.. Nov. 7 
Siroup, Donald W.. Lakeview. 

Brethren, Mich., May 1 

Pastoral placement 

Beutler, Kelly, to Liberty Mills, Ind. 
Dowdy, Dale and Christy, from Ante- 
lope Park. Lincoln, Neb,, to Stone, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Driver, Brent, from Waynesboro. Pa., 

to Trinity, Sidney, Ohio 
Dutka, Leon, from Bristol, Tcnn., to 

Mountain Valley. Greeneville. Tenn. 
Glover, Clara, from interim to Stover 

Memorial. Des Moines. Iowa 
Kettering, Dclbert, to East Chippewa, 

Orrville. Ohio 
MacEachern, Warren, to Spring 

Mount, Mark, Pa, 
McLearn-Montz, Alan, to Lower Deer 

Creek, Camden, Ind. 
Pyles, Ty, to Pitsburg, Arcanum, Ohio 
Spangler. Keith, from New Haven, 

Sparta, N.C, to Boones Chapel, 

Snow Creek, Va. 
Upham, lames Daryl, from another 

denomination to Pleasnt Dale, 

Decatur, Ind. 
Vroon, Robert, from West Shore, 

Enola, Pa., to Hempfield, E. Peters- 
burg. Pa. 

July 1999 Messenger 31 


A new name for a new time 

A name is a 

our identity. 

both identity 

I've been experimenting with changing my name. All my 
lite I have been called Bud, while I have reserved my 
real name, Fletcher, for my byline and signature. Fletcher 
was my father's name, and I was Fletcher, Ir. He's been 
gone a few years now, and I've started claiming Fletcher 
as my own, actually having people call me that. It's been 
gradual and hesitant to be sure. Friends must surely 
think I'm strange when I call myself one name one time 
and something different the next. But I feel something 
inside moving me toward Fletcher. I've entered a new 
phase of my life, started a new job, and turned 50. I'm 
ready to get strong and serious for the long haul. I can 
shape the meaning of Fletcher, and the name can shape 
me. I'm ready for a new name. 

"A name is a precious part of our 
identity," said Donna Ritchey Martin 
when she addressed Standing Com- 
mittee in 1992. She reflected on her 
own name changes, from her child- 
hood name, to her married name, to 
"Mommy." "Each of those names has 
reflected who I am at a given time of 
life and what my relationships are," 
she said. "A name reflects both iden- 
tity and relationship." 

Ritchey Martin made these remarks as a member of a 
"pre-committee"study committee that did groundbreak- 
ing work on the issue of a new name for the Church of 
the Brethren. But after Standing Committee received the 
pre-committee's report in 1993, it essentially dropped 
the matter, albeit "with the knowledge that the discus- 
sion will continue." In the past six years there hasn't 
been much discussion. But now Womaen's Caucus has 
taken the lead in reviving it by devoting a recent edition 
of its newsletter, "Femailings," to the name issue. Noting 
that the issue had been swept under the rug, "Femail- 
ings" editor Carissa Fralin writes, "After much discussion 
and prayer, the [Womaen's Caucus] Steering Committee 
has decided to lift up the rug. Let me make clear, how- 
ever, that we cannot do this alone. It will be a short-lived 
project if we find no support." 

Here's some support. A new name could be a positive 
and attractive identity tool that describes both who we are 
and who we want to be. (ay Gibble, the former director of 
the Association of Brethren Caregivers, has given the 
matter considerable thought. "A good name should say 
where we've been. What are the concepts that have defined 
us as a people?" He proposes "peace" as a defining con- 

precious part of 
A name reflects 
and relationship 

cept for our church. And he proposes "covenant," which he 
says captures the idea that we are a "community of the 
book." "We covenant to live in peace, to follow the way of 
peace." His proposal: Covenant Peace Church. 

"The name works at mission," Gibble says. "It says 
what we're about. Peacemaking is something we can do 
and do well. Those who are interested in peace will join 
us. In a society of violence, what is more needed?" 

We have grown fond of telling people who we are by 
repeating the lines, "Continuing the work of lesus. 
Peacefully. Simply. Together." Wouldn't it be nice if the 
name of the church also helped to tell our story? 

Church of the Brethren has a proud history, and nothing 
is going to erase that. But it is important to understand that 
that name did not come up out of the 
water with the "five brethren and three 
sisters" who were baptized in 1 708. In 
fact this group's spiritual descendants 
didn't even have an official name until 
they adopted "Fraternity of German 
Baptists" in 1836. That became 
"German Baptist Brethren" in 1871, 
but by the turn of the century the name 
no longer included everyone — not all 
were German. And the name confused 
outsiders because, although most services were not con- 
ducted in German, the name implied that they were. As 
Brother T. T. Myers said at the 1905 Annual Meeting: "I 
have no prejudice against the name German Baptist 
Brethren, but it is a name that we cannot use. We cannot 
use it in city work. We cannot use it in mission work. What 
we would like is a name we can universally use all around." 
In 1905 the Gospel Messenger invited members to write 
in their opinions on a name change, and a vigorous dis- 
cussion ensued. In 1908, the church's bicentennial year, 
Annual Conference adopted the name "Church of the 
Brethren" by a vote of 289 to 103. Not all were pleased, 
of course. Albert C. Wieand, of Bethany Bible School in 
Chicago, wrote in the Gospel Messenger in 1908; 
"Brethren is masculine, and a body of our sisters cannot 
say, — if a group of other ladies should say to them, 'We 
are Presbyterians, what are you?' — 'We are Brethren,' 
because the humor of the situation would be too much." 

After nearly a hundred years, the humor is wearing 
thin. Our church should work to have a new name by the 
300th anniversary in 2008 — a name that not only doesn't 
offend, but one that invites others and challenges our 
own. — Fletcher Farrar 

32MESSENGEKluly 1999 

Call the 







(California only) 

Special Features of Hillcrest: 

•Variety of accomodations, ranging in size from sUidios to 

single family homes 
•Award-winning dining services 
•Value of comprehensive semces with a personalized touch 
•Commitment of 50 years of liistory serving La Veme aiid the 

surrounding area 

•Security of options from residential living to nursing care on our 

beautiHil 40-acre campus 



•Distinction of accreditation 
by the Continuing Care 
Accreditation Commission 

2705 Mountain View Drive 
La Veme, California 91750 


DSS: Continuing Care Certificate #069, 
DHS: #950000005, DSS: #191501662 

McPherson College 

involving I ife & learning 

*i *%¥C^ -' 




^^^3^4 '• h 

/'/'o^o f/'d/'j; Members of the McPherson College 
work team teach the children ofTarana to play 
Duck, Dtick, Goose. 

Photo (middle): Renata Lichty ofQuinter, Kan., 
takes a break from digging latrines to meet some new 

Photo (right): Seth GoodofAnnville, Pa., negotiates 
rafiers ivhile roofing a home in Parana. 

To find out more about how you can become 
a member of the McPherson College community, 

call 1-800-365-7402. 

In January, 1 1 McPherson College 
students, one alumnus, one faculty 
member, and one staff member left the 
comforts of campus to serve the 
community ofTarana in the Dominican 
Republic. While there, the crew built 
latrines, roofed houses, helped repair 
damage to the town's windmill- 
driven water system, made 
about a million new friends, 
and learned more about 
themselves than they ever 
expected . . . and this was just 
one of the many opportunities 
for service and learning at 
McPherson this year! 





Church of tKe Brethren August 1999 - , y^^ j'/ 


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In southern Sudan, the Global Food Crisis Fund provides development aid and lit- 
eracy training. In the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua, food relief. In Honduras, 
a hydroponic project among the poor. In India, agricultural and health extension in 
rural villages. In Belize, literacy training. In North Korea, 100 high Quality goats. In 
Guatemala, wood-conserving stoves and water-storing cisterns. In Grand junction, 
Colo., welfare-to-work assistance. In Harrisburg, Pa., community development. 
These are places and people currently being served by the Global Food Crisis 
Fund, loin in this ministry of Christian compassion and hope by sendingj'our gift 
to the Global Food Crisis Fund, Church of the Brethren General Board, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 (800 323-8039; witness_^ 

ave liJ Jr hdps. 

Global Food Crisis Fund 




Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vickl Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer: Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: The 

cover photo for 
this year's Annual 
Conference issue is of the chil- 
dren of the Covenant Chorale, 
directed by Karen Cakerice, 
from the Wester Church of the 
Brethren, Grundy Center, 
Iowa, performing an early 
evening concert in Milwaukee. 
For each verse of their song 
ibout peace they sang "peace" in a different language, and 
1 child would hold up a sign with that word on it. 

The photo is by Regina Bryan, official photographer of 
this year's Annual Conference, who took most of the photos 
we use with our coverage on pages 10-22. Regina lives on a 
farm near Decatur, Ind., with her husband, Nat Bryan, and 
3perates a freelance photography business out of her home. 
They are members of the Pleasant Dale Church of the 
Brethren. She grew up in the Midland, Va., congregation, 
where her pastor when she was a teenager was David Rad- 
cliff, an accomplished photographer and now director of 
Brethren Witness. "I was impressed by the way he used his 
photography skills to beautifully portray those in poverty 
with dignity, and share their sense of hope and joy in spite 
of their circumstances." So influenced, she studied photog- 
raphy in high school and at Shepherd College in 
Shepherdstown, W.Va., and used her camera skills during 
her two-year Brethren Volunteer Service stint working with 
SERRV. She says it is part of her life's dream to work as a 
photographer for the Church of the Brethren, taking photos 
that "make a difference." She adds: "I always loved the 
family reunion feel of Annual Conference and hoped I 
could bring that feeling across through my photographs to 
those who weren't able to attend." 





1999 Annual Conference 

Coverage of the Milwaukee Annual Con- 
ference includes news of business and 
elections, compiled by Brethren Press 
News Service Director Nevin Dulabaum 
and his Conference team of writers named 
on page 10. In addition, we feature special 
articles on other Conference subjects. Erin 
Matteson wrote on spirituality workshops 
(p. 16), Kurt Borgmann on worship at 
Conference (p. 18), Walt Wiltschek on 
children's activities (p. 20), and Frank 
Ramirez on renewal at the Logansport 
(Ind.) Chuch of the Brethren (p. 22). 

A disastrous six months 

When Bob and Marianne Pittman agreed 
to serve as interim co-managers of Emer- 
gency Response/ Service Ministries 
beginning last January, they had no idea it 
would be one of the busiest periods of the 
disaster agency's history. Yet they not only 
survived, but thrived, and meanwhile 
helped one of their co-workers through a 
personal disaster of her own. 

The god called materialism 

A thought-provoking article by David Rad- 
cliff, Brethren Witness director, examines 
the damaging effects of human overcon- 
sumption on the earth's ability to sustain 
itself, and concludes with helpful sugges- 
tions for ways to repent from dependence 
on material things. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 



August 1999 Messenger 1 

le Piiisiier 

The best thing about the Great Lakes Song & Story Fest was where the songs and 
stories came from — that is, deep out of people's own hves. 

The week in )uly at Camp Macl< in Indiana was rich with experience. 1 was partic- 
ularly moved by the informal storytelling that took place during one of the 
workshops. A collection of ordinary objects (symbolic of the typical attic) was laid 
out on a bench. When a memory was evoked by one of the objects, the person rose to 
tell the story. None were trained storytellers, but the words shared were eloquent 
testimonies about receiving legacies, about adopting and being adopted, about dying 
and living. 

Each person's story was received with warm applause, offered with a spirit of grat- 
itude for the risk taken. Once there was no applause, because the story shared was 
too tender, too poignant, to respond in any way but silence. 

We rarely have the opportunity to interact this profoundly with other people, even 
the ones we know well. But the Song & Story Fest showed that the stories are there, 
in everyone, if we can only establish a place and an invitation for them to be told. We 
can all be enriched if we recognize our own stories, waiting to be discovered, and if 
in turn we can provide the places and the invitations for others to tell theirs. 

A few years ago I mined my own memory to produce the gifts that I am perhaps 
most proud of — a set of two handmade books. When each of my parents turned 80, 
I created a book called I Remember. Each of the 60 or so pages had a simple one- or 
two-sentence memory recalled from my childhood. For the first book I recalled expe- 
riences I'd had with my mother. The next year I recalled experiences I'd had with my 
father. The books cost me only a modest amount in supplies, but represented the 
best gifts that I could give. 

Since these collections of sparely written prose are presented so simply, without 
comment, the meaning they carry must be in the act of remembering — in the 
remembrances themselves. Remembering something gives it importance, even 
power. Someone (unfortunately, I've forgotten who) has said, "No experience is 
complete until it is remembered." 

Perhaps this is some of what happens at Annual Conference and at other places 
Brethren gather. When we rekindle acquaintances and search for common memo- 
ries, we honor each other. In a time when so much is out-of-date as soon as it's 
produced, giving each other the stories of our lives is an activity to cherish. 


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2 Messenger August 1999 



rt. Col. Dave Grossman 

fxplaiiis the need to swap 
ioleiit video games for 
ainily-oriented board games, 
ionated by a major game 

Littleton, Colo, church swaps violence for peace 

Swapping violent video and computer games for family-friendly board games was a 
simple idea that evoked a surprising response for the Prince of Peace Church in Little- 
ton, Colo., and led to greater things. 

A small study group came up with the idea in mid-May while talking about how the 
church might help the community bring peace out of the tragedy at Columbine High 
School. Pastor Sarah Leatherman Young says, "Since it's been acknowledged how fond 
the killers at Columbine were of playing 'Doom" and similar games, many families are 
rethinking this form of entertainment. The game swap was a way to get rid of the violent 
games while encouraging more family group entertainment and interaction." 

Two days later, Pastor Young called the office of Lt. Col. Dave Grossman, a person she 
had met in a training experience two years ago and someone she knew could powerfully 
address the issue. She was told he was booked into the year 2000, and she was about to 
hang up when she was put on hold for another caller. It was Grossman calling in from 
the Senate hearing where he was testifying on just this issue. The office manager men- 
tioned to him who was on the other line and why, and when she came back on Young's 

line, she said the colonel would come and waive his fee! A 
date was set — Saturday, June 12. 

Young said for the next three weeks the church office 
looked like "a pressroom, with mailings, releases, e-mails, 
and faxes flying." Quickly the pieces came together. Hasbro 
sent 500 board games to be swapped. The Brethren Witness 
office gave a grant to cover expenses: a clergy colleague of 
Young's secured the community college for the event. Author 
|im McGinnis sent 100 copies of Creating Family Circles of 
Peace for those who would sign the Family Pledge of Non- 
violence. Grossman, a licensed Southern Baptist minister, 
was scheduled to speak at two events on Saturday and from 
the pulpit on Sunday. As the day neared, the media began to 
take notice. 

The actual swap was a bit disappointing. Young was sur- 
prised at the small number of kids who were really willing to 
give up their games. Grossman thinks the adrenalin rush and 
pleasure the kids get from the violent games makes them 
addictive. Young sees a huge educational task ahead. 
But the swap was only the beginning. "Television and radio stations have reported on it 
without further prompting from us," says Young, "and people from all over metro Denver 
are giving words of encouragement and offering to help. USA Today ran a picture along 
with an article on Grossman. And we even made the General Board Live Report at this 
year's Annual Conference." 

Building on all this interest and concern, the congregation created a follow-up work- 
shop — this time for younger children. Teenagers are being helped to work through the 
tragedy. Young thinks small children in the area need help too. 

Called "Helping Young Children Cope," the back-to-school workshop was held on Sat- 
urday, Aug. 14, and was jointly sponsored by the Prince of Peace congregation, a local 
group called The Contlict Center, teaching conflict and anger management and parenting 
skills, and the Disaster Child Care Program of the Church of the Brethren Emergency 
Reponse/Service Ministries. The leader was (udy Gump, a disaster child care trainer, 
and member of the Littleton congregation. 

The game swap idea grew like a mustard seed, says Young. "It's been an amazing blessing 
to watch this mustard seed idea blossom into a grassroots movement." — [ames H. Lehman 

August 1999 Messenger 3 

Couple completes a BVS Circle of Service 

Don and Berneita Smucker, members of the older adult BVS Unit 253, trained at the 
Brethren Service Center in May. This was not their first trip to New Windsor, Md. 
but it brought back some very special memories for both of them. They became engaged 
here in January 1951, while Berneita was training as a member of BVS Unit 9. Don 
Smucker had met Berneita the previous August in Middlebury, Ind., and while stationed 
in Arlington, Va,. he took the opportunity to visit and pop the question. 

Following her BVS training, Berneita worked in Washington, D.C., for the National 
Service Board for Religious Objectors, finishing up her assignment in early December. 
She and Don were married December 29, 1951. in 1974, Berneita's parents joined an 
over- 30 BVS group and after visiting New Windsor again, Don and Berneita began to 
think about BVS service after they retired. Attending Annual Conference last year 
reawakened their interest and following up on information in Messenger, they signed up 
for BVS. 

So in 1999, 48 years later, they were back in New Windsor. Coming full circle as a 
BVSer in 1951, operating a successful business and retiring, Don and Berneita are con- 
tinuing to serve others. — Kathleen Campanella 

Churches celebrate 
golden birthdays 

Piney Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Taneytown, Md., 
has aunnounced its centen- 
nial celebration plans for 
Sept. 18 and 19. 

Four services are 
planned. Saturday evening, 
Sept. 18, Piney Creek Play- 
ers will perform. Sunday at 

9 a.m. will be a children's 
program, followed by 
morning worship at 10:15. 
lohn Layman will be the 
guest speaker, and former 
pastors will participate. A 2 
p.m. service will feature 
talks on the past, present, 
and future of the church. 

Nampa (Idaho) Church 
of the Brethren has been 
celebrating its centennial 

with special events each 
month, to culminate in a 
final celebration with a 
birthday dinner Nov. 1 3 
and 14. 

In honor of the Nampa 
centennial a cookbok with 
both old and new recipes 
has been prepared by the 
women of the church. A 
souvenir plate is available 
and a history book is being 

4 Messenger August 1999 


Sharpsburg (Md.) 
Zhurch of the Brethren 

:elebrated its 100th 
anniversary in its present 
ocation in April. There 
A'as an open house and a 
special worship service 
eaturing Fred Bernhard, a 
former pastor of the con- 
gregation. Before the 
new" church was occu- 
bied in 1899, the 
;ongregation worshiped at 
:he famous "Old Dunkard 

hurch" on the Antietam 
oattlcfield, built in 1852. 

Midland (Mich.) Church 
jf the Brethren celebrates 
ts 75th anniversary on 
Sept. 26 with a special wor- 
hip service, a luncheon, 
and an afternoon program. 
More information is avail- 
able on Midland's Web page 
at HTTP://members. 

Importing his spirit /ro/;; Ghana to Virginia. Arnold Adjetey 
pumps up his team. 

Church sends soccer 
ambassador to Europe 

When the Dayton (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren 
learned that one of its own 
had a chance to represent 
the state of Virginia on the 

Youth meating: In April there were 27 vohmteers. many of diem 
youth, from tlie Pleasant Hill Church of the Brethren. Spring 
Grove. Pa., helping to process beef at the Southern PA/Mid- 
Atlantic District meat canning project. Pictured above, from 
left, are Tanya Miller. Rachel Miller. Katie Churchfield. .Angela 
Newcomer, and Janice Godfrey. The project yielded 27.495 
cans of meat, which was donated to Church World Service. 
Southern Pennsylvania District, Mid-Atlantic District. 
Emergency Response/Service Ministries, and Christian Aid 
Ministries. — Priscilla A. Martin 

American Soccer Ambas- 
sadors tour ot Europe, 
they went to work to help. 
With contributions mostly 
from church members, 
they raised the $5,000 
necessary. So Arnold 
Adjetey, a soccer standout 
at Harrisonburg (Va.) 
High School, left July 24 
on a summer tour to train 
and play soccer in Eng- 
land, Belgium, Holland, 
and Germany. 

Adjetey was recently fea- 
tured in the local Daily 
Ne^vs-Record as the dis- 
trict's top player and his 
team's leading scorer in 
his junior year. 

Four years ago Adjetey 
moved with his family 
from Ghana to Harrison- 
burg. His father works at 
Eastern Mennonite Uni- 
versity in Harrisonburg 
and his sister is a student 
there; the whole family is 
active in the Church of the 
Brethren. "Arnold brings a 
lot of his culture to us," 
his coach told the newspa- 
per. "He pumps up the 
team with it." 

He scored five goals in a 

single game this past 
season, and hopes to play 
college soccer. Besides all 
that, says his pastor, Peter 
Leddy, Sr,, "he is a 
delightful young man." 


Paul M. Weaver, 81, of 

North Manchester, Ind., 
died |uly 2. He served the 
General Board as director 
of junior highs and camp- 
ing in the 1950s and as 
principal of Hillcrest 
School in Nigeria in the 
1960s. Upon return from 
Nigeria he was principal of 
Gilford School in Elgin, 
111., from 1967 to 1984. 

•Raymond Stayer, of 
Denver, Pa., former short- 
term missionary for the 
Church of the Brethren in 
Nigeria from 1966-1969, 
died luly 18, 1999, at the 
age of 94. 

•R. Eugene Miller, 69, 
of Saxton, Pa., died March 
15. As a Church of the 
Brethren pastor he served 
many congregations, 
including long tenures at 
Raven Run congregation 
near Saxton, and the 
Carson Valley congregation 
near Duncansville. At the 
time of his death he was 
interim pastor of the Dun- 
nings Creek congregation, 
New Paris, Pa. He had 
served on numerous boards 
and committees at district 
and denominational levels. 

"In Touch" features news ofcon- 
givgations. districts, and individuals. 
Send story ideas and photos to "In 
ToKc/;. " Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave.. Elgin. It 60120. 

August 1999 Messenger 5 


General Board members meeting in 
Milwaukee, including a perplexed David 
R. Miller, of Roanoke, Va., grappled with 
numerous issues, including a proposal 
for new support for a ministry in 
Tijuana. Mexico. 

"J2K = New Hope. New Day" 
General Board initiatives for 
the year 2000 

The General Board will challenge 
Brethren to celebrate the beginning 
of the new millennium with a host of 
activities that range from tree-plant- 
ing to prayer to church planting. 

Meeting in Milwaukee before 
Annual Conference, Board members 
tentatively adopted the theme "|2K- 
New Hope, New Day" and laid out 
its agenda. | is for |esus. 

A monthly prayer/meditation cal- 
endar will include daily scriptures 
and encourage Brethren to read an 
annual goal of 200, 2,000, or 20,000 
Bible verses. 

Special worship and leadership 
resources will be developed for the 
beginning and ending of the year. 

A theological conference will be 
held in conjunction with Bethany 
Theological Seminary. 

Congregations, families, and even 
individuals will be encouraged to 
create time capsules to be opened in 

Brethren will plant 2,000 trees 
across the denomination symbolizing 
hope for the future. 

To prepare for a "new day of peace 
in the new millennium," congrega- 
tions will be encouraged to hold 
worship services that focus on peace 
to host cross-cultural events, and to 
call volunteers for workcamps or 
Brethren Volunteer Service. 

A special booth will be created at 
Annual Conference to celebrate the 

Fifty thousand Brethren will be 
challenged to set aside 20 cents each 
Sunday to raise $500,000 for the fol 
lowing:!) to fund three years of 
ministerial training for men and 
women from the Dominican Repub- 
lic; 2) to help create a safe-haven 
community center in East Los Ange- 
les, Calif., 3) to enable people in 
developing countries to construct 
wood-conserving stoves; 4) to assist 
in making low-income loans to the 
poor; 5) to help plant congregations 
in the US and Puerto Rico and help 
existing congregations grow; and 6) 
to work with congregations, districts 
and community agencies to help 
homeless families find shelter. 

In other actions, the Board voted 
to explore a partnership with Cam- 
paneros en Ministerio (Partners in 
Ministry) of Tijuana, Mexico, an 
independent ministry that has 
received strong support through con- 
gregations and districts and the 
General Board's Youth/Young Adult 
Ministry office. 

6 Messenger August 1999 

H i AMjmmmit 


This was the first recommendation 
from the Board's Mission and Min- 
istries Planning Council, which was 
created during the Board's 1997 
redesign. The next step is to clarify 
what each side will expect of the other. 
The Board voted to review the part- 
nership (if formalized) after two years. 

Three Brethren at Michigan 
Global Warming Conference 

Three members of the Church of the 
Brethren were among the 70 partici- 
pants representing 19 faith 
communities and at least four state 
ecumenical organizations assembled 
near Lansing, Mich, for "Global 
Warming and God's People: The 
Michigan Interfaith Global Warming 
Conference," June 14-1 5. They were 
Marie Willoughby of Copemish, Don 
Flint of Sterling Heights, and Jane 
Reynor of Vestaburg. 

This event was part of a year-long 
campaign designed to to help people 
of faith in nine selected states across 
the United States to see global 
warming as a religious issue. 

Peacemaker Teams plan 
trips to Middle East 

The Christian Peacemaker Teams staff 
has scheduled trips to the Middle East 
for Nov. 18-30 and Feb. 4-16. 

Rebuilders Against Bulldozers 
Teams will meet with Israeli and 
Palestinian peace and human rights 
workers and then join with CPT's 
long-term team in Hebron to docu- 
ment cases of Palestinian families 
whose homes are threatened with 
demolition by Israeli authorities. 

Trips to Chiapas, Mexico are 
scheduled for Nov. 4- 1 5 and Feb. 
18-29. Delegates will learn about 
justice issues underlying the conflict 
in this southern Mexican state and 
meet with villagers facing ongoing 
violence and harassment from sol- 
diers and paramilitary groups. 

Tornado disaster relief in 
own back yard 

When Gordon Hoffert, pastor of 
Lewiston (Minn.) Church of the 
Brethren decided to lead an upcom- 
ing delegation from his church to 
participate in tornado relief response 
in Haysville, Kan., little did he know 
that such an opportunity would soon 
exist in the church's backyard. 

On a weekend in |uly, a tornado 
passed less than a mile north of the 
church, striking a vacant farm and a 
residential area in Lewiston and 
causing about $ 1 .8 million in 
damage. Although 1 5 homes were 
damaged beyond repair, there were 
no casualties. 

Since the tornado did not devas- 
tate the town and affect as large a 
portion of its citizens as the May 3 
tornado that blasted through 
Haysville, most of the cleanup was 
finished in two days by local volun- 
teers, including Church of the 
Brethren members. 

However, Hoffert learned that only 
about half of the damaged houses 
were covered by insurance. Volunteer 
labor and grants will be sought to 
make up the remaining $900,000. 

Hoffert still plans to take to take a 
work crew of about six to Haysville 
in late August to assist in a General 

Board Emergency Response/Service 
Ministries (ER/SM) rebuilding pro- 
ject, but he is also preparing for his 
congregation to assist those in need 
in Lewiston. 

Long-term disaster relief 
for Haysville, Kansas 

The General Board's ER/SM is 
opening a new project to offer long- 
term relief in Haysville, Kan. A group 
from Southern Pennsylvania District 
began in the first week of August. 
Wilbur and Nancy Morris of Sta- 
nardsville, Va. are serving as project 
coordinators, assisted by Adrian 
Sayler of St. |ohn, Kan., all of whom 
arrived on site on |uly 25. 

The May 3 Kansas tornadoes 
destroyed 8,500 houses, including 
many in Haysville. 

ABC, General Board team up 
for intergenerational camp 

At the end of |uly, 1 4 youth and 1 
older adults repaired homes and 
maintained properties in Harrisburg. 
Pa., for the Brethren Housing 
Authority, a downtown urban hous- 
ing and ministry project. 

The was the first collaboration 
between the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers and the General Board's 
Youth/Young Adult Ministries office. 

New BVS unit begins training 
in New Windsor 

Brethren Volunteer Service unit 234 
kicked-off orientation on |uly 18th at 
New Windsor (Md.) Conference 
Center. Twenty-one volunteers from 

August 1999 Messenger 7 


1 1 states, Germany, and )apan par- 
ticipated. Half the volunteers were 
from the Church of the Brethren. 
Eight other rehgious organizations 
were represented. 

For the first time in many years a 
volunteer came from )apan. This was 
made possible through Brethren con- 
nections with the World Friendship 
Center in Hiroshima. 

GFC Fund allocation includes 
tractor purchase in India 

A $51,000 Global Food Crisis Fund 
grant has been allocated for the Rural 
Service Center in India. The agency 
assists poor people by providing basic 
agricultural services. The funds will 
support the general program and help 
buy a tractor. The allocation will be 
given over a three-year period. 

Approval for $27,000 was given for 
the 1 999 portion of the request, 
including $12,000 for program and 
$1 5,000 for the tractor purchase. 

China mission exhibit opens 
at Bridgewater College 

An exhibit on Brethren missionaries 
in China is now on display at the 
Alexander Mack Memorial Library at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College. It 
includes artifacts, photographs, and 
other memorabilia from the work of 
94 Brethren missionaries, 20 of 
whom were Bridgewater graduates. 
These missionaries served in China 
from 1908 through 1950, during the 
period of war and famine that lead 
up to and through that country's 
communist revolution. 

The late Ernest Wampler, who was a 
former missionary, his children (all 
Bridgewater graduates), and a handful 
of other former missionary children 
helped create this exhibit. It is free-of- 

The National Youth Cabinet takes a break from its meetings at the General 
Offices on July 24-25 to pose in the tukel created for the General Board exhibit 
at Annual Conference. Left to right, front: Emily Tyler. McPherson. Kan.: Marie 
Rhoades. Harrisburg. Pa.: fill Noffsiuger. Elkhart. Ind.: Steve Van Houten. 
Akron. Ohio. Left to right, back: Eric Christiansen. Franklin Grove. III.: Chris 
Douglas. Elgin. III.: Drew f ones. Durham. NC. 

charge and will be open during August 
from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. weekdays. 

Staff changes 

William Thomas on lune 1 joined 
Brethren Benefit Trust as controller. 
Thomas, who has his Ph.D. in busi- 
ness administration, has spent much 
of his career teaching accounting at 
colleges and universities. He also 
served as financial controller for the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church of 
Papua New Guinea. 

Mark Flory Steury has been called 
to serve as executive of Southern 
Ohio District beginning Oct. 1 . 
Mark has served as pastor of Mack 
Memorial Church of the Brethren, 
Dayton, Ohio, since 1995. Previ- 

ously he served as co-pastor with his 
wife, Mary jo, at Troy (Ohio) Church 
of the Brethren. Flory Steury is a 
graduate of Manchester College, 
North Manchester, Ind., and has a 
masters of divinity degree from 
Bethany Theological Seminary, 
Richmond, Ind. 

Jim Yaussy Albright has been 
called as executive of the 
Illinois/Wisconsin District beginning 
Sept. 15. He currently is serving the 
Huntington and Markle congrega- 
tions in the South/Central Indiana 
District. In addition to his pastoral 
experience, Yaussy Albright has had 
extensive training in conflict resolu- 
tion in congregational settings. He 
also co-founded and co-directed the 
Fort Wayne (Ind.) Mediation Service 

8 Messenger August 1999 

jeginning in 1986. Yaussy Albright is 
i graduate of Manchester College, 
North Manchester, Ind., and has a 
naster of divinity degree from 
Bethany Theological Seminary, 
^chmond, ind. 

Russ Matteson has been called as 
narketing manager for Brethren 
'ress, beginning July 19. Matteson 
vas general manager of Borders 
3ooks and Music in Wheaton, 111. 
reviously Matteson and his wife, 
Erin, co-pastored Fellowship in 
Christ Fremont (Calif.) Church of 
he Brethren. Erin currently pastors 
"aith Church of the Brethren in 
Satavia, 111. Matteson holds a bache- 
or of arts in economics from 
jrinnell (Iowa) College and a 
naster of divinity degree in peace 
itudies from Bethany Theological 

Ion Kobel began serving as man- 
iger of office operations for the 
jeneral Board's executive director's 
jffice on June 21 . Kobel has a bache- 
or of fine arts degree from |udson 
pollege, Elgin, III. Previously he 
vorked for several hotels and held 
arious positions at David C. Cook 
Publishing in Elgin. 

Barb Leininger Dickason of Mt. 
Ury, Md., began serving as On Earth 
'eace Assembly's program coordina- 
or in mid-lune. She succeeded 
\udrey Osborne. Dickason recently 
elocated to Maryland from Syra- 
cuse, N.Y., where she was working 
pn a master's degree. She is a gradu- 
ate of Manchester College, North 
Vlanchester, Ind. 

Mike Leiter has been hired as On 
arth Peace Assembly's coordinator 
bf communications and funding, 
beginning in August. Previously 
^eiter has worked for Manchester 
College, North Manchester, Ind., for 
he General Board, and a Brethren 
•etirement home. 

BBT chooses Burt the window 
cleaner as Web guide 

With his cre- 
ation, Burt the 
window cleaner, 
Ted Kaetzel, age 
1 7, of Knoxville, 
Md., won the 
contest spon- 
sored by 
Brethren Benefit 
Trust to choose 
an icon for the 
filtered search 
engine of its 
ClearViewNet Internet Service. 

Burt "will provide a friendly and 
helpful companion to those surfing the 
Net," Kaetzel said. The character 
wields a "Dirt Be Gone" cleaner and 
squeegee to clean up the Internet for 
those using ClearViewSearch. which 
filters out pornography, violence, sex, 
cheating, drugs, and alcohol. 

Kaetzel received a new computer 

and a year's subscription to 
ClearViewNet. Nearly 40 Brethren 
from throughout the denomination 
participated in the contest. 

Ted Kaetzel, winner 
of BBT contest. 

Burt the Window Cleaner, the winning 
design for the BBT web guide. 

Deborah Morris, Cliarlottesville. \a.. 
finished first among female runners 
in the 1st Annual BBT Ruti/Walk 
Fitness Challenge at Annual 

Becky Ball Miller, director of Camp 
Mack. Milford, Ind., finished first 
among all walkers. 

August 1999 Messenger 9 

Milwaukee '99 

Exploring what it means to be a servant diurch 

A strong statement on children ami viulcnce. which called for more effective gun control legislation, was presented to 
delegates by Brethren Witness director David Radcliff 

About the articles 

Reports on Annual Conference business and elec- 
tions were compiled by the Brethren Press News 
Service team, headed by Nevin Dulabaiim. editor, 
and including Karla Hignite, Regina Bryan, Walt 
Wiltschek. Kathleen Campanella, and Nathan Dcwis. 


et the Servant Church Arise," the 213th Annual Con- 
ference theme, got a workout in Milwaukee |une 
29-July 4. it showed up in banners and logos everywhere 
and inspired the message of sermons and insight sessions 
on servant leadership. 

And the hymn from which the line was taken was put tc 
thrilling new music by Richard D. Erode, of the Chicago 
First church, commissioned specifically for Annual Con- 
ference. When trumpets and trombones added their 
power to the thousands of conference voices, the messagt 
was triumphant: 

Then let the servant church arise. 

a caring church that longs to be 

a partner in Christ's sacrifice. 

and clothed with Christ's humanity. 

10 Messenger August 1999 




Delegates approved the paper bv a wide margin though there 
was some opposition. 

Several youth members, including Wendy 
Matheny. of Peoria. III., implored the church to 
take a stand against gun violence. 

.eadership tops 
AC business 

The theme carried over into 
usiness sessions dominated 
y discussions of how to 
;ali, train, and equip leaders 
or the church. 

Drawing from writings 
md discussion that spanned 
nearly a decade, delegates 
approved a Ministerial 
Leadership Statement that 
contains "polity and proce- 
dures for the licensed and ordained ministry, calling to 
■and advancement within the ministry, and receiving 
prdained ministers from other denominations." 

This paper also includes revisions of previous Confer- 
ffence actions. It is the result of expansive studies and 
feedback received over the years, and from visits over the 
past year to all 23 district ministry commissions by the 
General Board's Ministry staff, and from input received 
Sfrom the Ministry office's Web site. 

Delegates adopted the statement after approving severa 
plarifying amendments. 

"This statement establishes a far clearer set of guide- 
ines and moves us toward consistency from district to 
district," said moderator Lowell Flory following the vote. 

Moderator Lowell Flory talks th 
traveling companion, Mac the 

ings over with his sometimes 

A clear call for 

In the wake of the tragedy at 
Columbine High School in 
Littleton, Colo., earlier this 
year, the General Board in 
its pre-conference meetings 
drafted a resolution to 
submit to the 1999 Annual 
Conference calling congre- 
gations and members to 
recommit to the denomina- 
tion's heritage of nonviolence, 
and to "teach peace and pursue it" within their congrega- 
tions and communities. 

Among those who spoke in favor of the paper were sev- 
eral National Youth Cabinet members. They and others 
felt that in addition to calling young people in the church 
"to turn away from the culture of violence in its many 
manifestations in our society," that adults were also called 
to become more involved in the lives of their children and 
to teach and model peace. 

Others spoke of how gun violence had touched their 
own family, friends, and communities. Gayle Hunter 
Sheller, of Springfield, Ore., told delegates she had been 
called as a chaplain to respond to the 1998 Springfield 
school shooting in which two parents were killed and 25 
children were shot by a boy in the community. 

August 1999 Messenger 1 1 




A church youth group, portrayed by actors from Ohio and Illinois, and their youth leader, played by Ken Kline 
Sineltzen were the principals in the Live Report, spotlighting numerous ministries of the General Board. 

Before delegates accepted the resolution, they passed an 
amendment to encourage congregations to approach 
school boards and other public policy agencies to request 
development of curriculum and materials. These 
resources would teach and promote conflict resolution, 
anger control, and tolerance. 

iVIore isysiness 

In addition to the ministerial leadership paper and chil- 
dren and violence statement, Conference delegates 
considered other business items, elected new church rep- 
resentatives, and received various reports. 

Hieifif isysiness 

A query from the Haxtun (Colo.) Church of the Brethren 
asked the denomination for "clarification regarding litiga- 
tion and appropriate Christian response." 

After some discussion, the delegate body accepted 
Standing Committee's recommendation to elect a study 
committee to present a draft position paper to the 2001 
Annual Conference that would include guidance for indi- 
viduals, congregations, and church agencies. Delegates 

elected (eff Bach, Janet Mitchell-Dix, and Marty Smeltzer 
West to this committee. 

Delegates voted down a Standing Committee recom- 
mendation that would have extended the term of Standing 
Committee members from three years to five. 

Unfinished business 

The delegates granted requests from three study commit- 
tees for another year before reporting their findings to 
Conference. These were a committee to study congrega- 
tional structure, a committee to review the process of 
calling leaders, and a committee to study Caring for the 

Delegates also accepted Standing Committee's recom- 
mendation to accept a new process for considering 
unfunded Annual Conference mandates that will establish 
a review committee to determine the financial impact of 
all future mandates. 

Agencif reports 

Among the reports heard and accepted by delegates was 
the first presented by Association of Brethren Caregivers 

12 Messenger August 1999 




The end of an era: Howard Royei: as 
staff for interpretation, was recognized 
for his role in producing the General 
Board Live Report for many years. Next 
year the report will take on a new 
format, highlighting the ministries of 
all Conference agencies. 

Marilyn Montauban, of the First 
Haitian churcli. Brooklyn. N.Y.. 
sang during the Live Report. 

Warm appreciation fur Rawr and his work 
on the Live Report came from tlw audience. 

since becoming an official Conference agency. ABC's 
report outlined its new deacon resources, a new publica- 
tion, and a forthcoming intergenerational work camp. 

Bethany Theological Seminary president Eugene Roop 
announced the launch of Bethany's Institute for Ministry 
with Youth and Young Adults, an initiative to help pastors 
and churches minister to those groups. 

Brethren Benefit Trust introduced two new services — 
ClearViewNet, an Internet access service, and 
Walden/BBT, a forthcoming socially responsible invest- 
ment option. BBT also reported that its managed assets 
lave quadrupled during the past 10 years. 

This year's General Board Live Report depicted a 
youth group using Brethren Press curriculum that came 
alive via some unexpected visitors who helped teach the 
youth about inviting others to obedience and how to make 
choices for peace, service, and inclusion. 

On Earth Peace Assembly, which turns 25 in October, 
lighlighted the importance of each individual's call to 
peacemaking during its report to the delegate body. Bob 
Gross, director of OEPA's Ministry of Reconciliation pro- 
gram, announced MoR's intent to work more closely with 
congregations to increase peacemaking and reconciliation 
efforts in local communities. 

Committee reports 

Among committee reports presented to delegates, the 
Pastoral Compensation and Benefits Advisory Committee 
asked Conference delegates to approve a 2. 1 percent cost 
of living adjustment for pastors for 2000. 

2000 and Beyond 

When Annual Conference 2000 gets under way in Kansas 
City with its theme of "Love as I have loved you," 
Brethren will experience a new format and focus to the 
yearly meeting. Conference will be shorter by a day, with 
a Saturday night to mid-day Wednesday schedule. The 
dates are [uly 15-19. 

A stronger focus on worship, fellowship, and celebra- 
tion of Brethren ministries will set the stage for 
denominational decision-making, as well as increased 
exposure to ecumenical leadership. 

Next year, conferencegoers will hear David Haas, direc- 
tor of the Emmaus Center for Music, Prayer, and 
Ministry; Emanuel Cleaver, pastor of St. lames United 
Methodist Church; and Tom Troeger, professor at lliff 
School of Theology in Denver. 

August 1999 Messenger 1 3 



Incoming Moderator Emily Mumma, pastor of HolUdaysburg (Pa.) Church of the Brethren, and incoming 
Moderator-Elect Pliill Carlos Archbold. associate pastor of Brooklyn (N.Y.) First Church of the 
Bretlireu, are consecrated during Suiulay morning's worship. 1999 Moderator Lowell Flory leads the 
laying on of hands that included Munnna's and Archbold's colleagues and family members. 

Elections name leaders 

Phill Carlos Archbold, associate pastor of First Church 
of the Brethren, Broofciyn, N.Y., was elected to serve 
as moderator of the 215th Annual Conference, scheduled 
for Baltimore, Md. in 2001. 

Archbold, 62, has congregational, district, and denomi- 
national experience that includes serving as Atlantic 
Northeast District evangelist and as a district representa- 
tive on Annual Conference Standing Committee. 

In the mid- 1980s, he served as chair of the former His- 
panic Ministries Committee. Archbold has spoken at 
Annual Conference and National Youth Conference. 

In addition to electing a 2001 moderator, delegates also 
elected the following representatives — 

• Maria Bieber Abe, Annual Conference Program and 
Arrangements Committee. 

• Roy Unruh, General Board, at-large. 

• |ill Hosier Best, General Board, Northern Indiana. 

• Daniel McRoberts, General Board, Michigan. 

• Winoma Spurgeon, General Board, West Marva. 

• Tom Leard Longenecker, On Earth Peace Assembly. 

• Phil Flory and Heidi Loomis, Association of Brethren 

• Raymond Donadio, |r.. Brethren Benefit Trust. 

• Gene Fahs, Bethany Theological Seminary (repre- 
senting the colleges). 

• Ronald Beachley, Pastoral Compensation and Benefits 
Committee (representing district executives). 

• Belita Mitchell, Committee on Interchurch Relations. 


Two denominational boards elected officers for the 
coming year. The newly organized executive committee of 
the General Board includes Mary |o Flory-Steury, chair; 
Stafford Frederick, vice-chair; and Bill Eberly; Christy 
Waltersdorff; Martha Barlow; and David Miller. 

Brethren Benefit Trust elected Ann Quay to a second 
term as board chair. Plan members also recently elected 
Melvin Wampler to represent Bethany and the Brethren 

1 4 Messenger August 1999 




The General Board chose its executive committee members for tite coming year. 
Front row: David Miller and Bill Eberly. Back row: Martha Barlow. Mary fo 
Flory-Steury (chair). Christy Waltersdorff and Stafford Frederick (vice chair). 

Phill Carlos Archbold, of Brooklyn. N.Y.. 
was elected to serve as moderator-elect 
for the coming year He will be moderator 
of the 2001 Aimual Conference. 

iderator Lowell f\ory presided over a calm 
t productive business meeting. 

Moderator Emily Mumma, flanked by her 
husband. Luke, expresses her willingness 
to accept God's call to leadership 
despite her natural aversion to being in 

Association of Brethren Caregivers board members and staff members gathered to 
present their report to the delegates. They are. front row: Margie Yoder Fultz. 
Marilyn Lerch Scott (board chair-elect). Nancy Fans. June Gibble (staff). 
Connie Burk Davis. Linda Timmons (staff). Mary Dulabaum (staff). Second 
row: Bentlex Peters. Roger Golden (staff). Steve Mason (executive director). 
Scott Douglas, and Robert Cain (board chair). 

August 1999 Messengfr 1 5 




Developing our spirits 

The Labyrinth, an aid to prayer, was used by Lucille Snowden, of Hershey, Pa 

BY Erin Matteson 

For those who could pull their bodies out of bed early at 
Annual Conference there was an incredible opportu- 
nity waiting to awaken their faith as well. In the past, 
many have appreciated evening worship at Conference, 
but this year the early-morning Spiritual Development 
options, beginning daily at 7 a.m., provided opportunity 
for some creative worship and worshipful experiences to 
begin the day. 

Each event was hosted by the Congregational Life 
Teams under the direction of Glenn Timmons. Wednes- 
day morning Phil Grout, artist and pastor of the Genesis 
Church of the Brethren in Putney, Vt., quieted those 
gathered and then shared his video, "Stations of the Res- 
urrection," a narration with closeups of his art depicting 
|esus' journey to Jerusalem, and the final week of his life, 
including the resurrection and ascension. 

More than simply watching the video, we were sur- 
rounded where we sat by Grout's art itself, allowing a 
much deeper experience as he shared scripture and com- 
mentary on lesus' life and mission. It was a wonderful 
invitation to journey with fesus' compassion and caring. 

Daybreak Thursday morning beckoned all who would 
heed the call to come and learn about and experience the 
Labyrinth. Brief sharing by CLT leader David Smalley 
and personal preparation took place in one room, while 

an actual Labyrinth, created by Area One CLT coordina- 
tor, Beth Sollenberger Morphew, awaited our walking 
feet in a nearby room. 

The Labyrinth is a circular pathway which eventually 
leads to a small center, and then invites one to journey 
back out again. The Labyrinth invites one to enter and 
walk to the center, journeying inward, seeking all the 
while to focus on a scripture, a challenge, or one's rela- 
tionship with God and Christ [esus. 

As we reach the center, we are invited to take a moment 
to be especially present with God, to stop and listen with 
new ears, or to simply be quiet and listen. Then when we 
are ready, we begin the journey outward once more, 
returning to everyday existence, hopefully with fresh 
breath and a renewed heart. 

We were greeted Friday morning by silence and a simple 
worship center, which included only a picture of fesus sur- 
rounded by small votive candles. Musicians readied 
themselves and stayed in the back, since they were not to 
become the focus of the event. Each participant took a 
songbook of simple chants before they sat down. 

The Taize worship experience was planned by Becky 
Rhodes, minister of music, and Karen Carter, ordained 
member, both from the Williamson Road congregation, 
Roanoke, Va. Becky and Karen have both been to France, 
where the Taize community there welcomes young and 
old alike who gather from around the world to worship 

1 6 Messenger August 1999 


Contemplation: Earla Reffuer. of Roaring Springs. Pa., at 
Milwaukee's Midwest E.xpress Center. 

together and discern life questions and callings. 

Taize services are typically planned using periods of 
silence between scripture readings and sung simple 
phrase chants, which can come in a variety of languages. 
The Spirit moved simply and yet profoundly that morn- 
ing, as the gathered group moved in silence from 
awkwardly ending repeated sung phrases, to sensing how 
to end songs together by the time the hour and a half ser- 
vice was at an end. 

Saturday morning was a time to grow in understanding 
of the art of spiritual direction, as we not only heard 
about it but also experienced it together. Glenn Mitchell, 
trained spiritual director and pastor of the State College, 
Pa., congregation, offered helpful descriptions of spiritual 
direction. He said it is "tuning in to God to find greater 
harmony with self and others," and "a process by which 
an individual seeking to be more attentive to God in their 
life goes to a director, guide, soul friend, or companion 
for sharing, praying, and listening, to be more responsive 
to God in daily living." 

Although spiritual direction comes originally from the 
Roman Catholic tradition, its grounding in prayer and the 
assumption that God is present and moving in our midst 
can be seen as quite Brethren as well. 

Mitchell invited those present to divide up into couples 
and switch off practicing the art of spiritual direction, not 
attempting to teach or solve, but rather focusing on being 
present and listening to one another. He suggested prepar- 

Spiritual development worl\shop participants experienced 
Taize worsliip. 

ing through prayer to listen to one another, followed by 
praying and sharing together about what was revealed. 

The sharing time largely involved the listener asking 
simple questions about where the partner sharing might 
note or detect God's presence in their life. Many com- 
mented on the challenge of listening to another without 
interrupting, as well as the gift of having another pray with 
you, and truly listen to you, quietly for a long period. 

Glenn Mitchell summed up the wonder of the early 
morning spiritual development opportunities well when 
he said, "1 used to think 7-1 1 was a convenience store. 
Now I understand it as the Annual Conference schedule. I 
have often wondered, with such a busy schedule, when do 
we have time or take time to listen? In a schedule that can 
be so busy, so full, I am grateful for the opportunities we 
have been given this year to begin our day with listening." 

The nourishment that came from beginning each day at 
Conference with the development of our spiritual lives 
was truly an experience of great refreshment. 

In addition to coffee cups, those who brought their "per- 
sonal cups" at 7 a.m. seemed to find the living water which, 
we are told by fesus in John 4: 1 4. "will become in them a 
spring of water gushing up to eternal life." Several Brethren 
left the early morning sessions "gushing," at least over to 
business by 9 a.m. It seemed a fine start toward eternal life. 

Erin Mattesun is pastor uf Faith Clnircli of tlie Bretliren. 
Butavia. III. 

August 1999 Messenger 1 7 




The many faces of worship 

Paul Mundey 

BY Kurt Borgmann 

If we've heard it once, we've heard it a million times: "I 
love the singing at Annual Conference. There's nothing 
like joining your voice with thousands of others to sing a 
great hymn of the church." 

And it's true. The congregational singing (indeed the 
music on the whole) is typically one of the characterizing 
and beloved elements of worship at Annual Conference, it 
was no different at Milwaukee this year. We sang the old, 
familiar hymns, with great enthusiasm of course. But who 
could deny that the Spirit was present when Gilbert 
Romero led us on Sunday morning in the hymn "Tu has 
venido a la orilla" ("Lord, you have come to the 
lakeshore") as we all stood arm in arm and moved to the 
music? The music is powerful. 

But there are some other elements of worship, special to 
the Annual Conference experience, that are also powerful 
— elements that help to bring us into the presence of 
God in refreshing ways. This year, it was the varied 
voices, the wide participation, the powerful symbols, and 
the fullness of space and time that added to meaningful- 
ness of worship. 

Kurt Snyder 

Varied voices 

At Annual Conference, each day a new preacher preaches 
and each one speaks in a different voice. This year, across 
the week, we heard voices calling us to service, to humil- 
ity, to acceptance, to evangelism. We heard different 
tones and different styles, but each voice was a gospel 
voice and each voice was fervent in its proclamation of 
the Word. 

Our preachers included Lowell Flory, the moderator for 
the conference; Patrick Mellerson, pastor of Butler 
Chapel, whose burned church building in South Carolina 
the Brethren helped to replace; Nancy Faus, retired 
Bethany Seminary professor; Linetta Alley and Cindy 
Laprade, last year's National Youth Conference youth 
preachers; Kurt Snyder, pastor of the Roann, Ind. con- 
gregation; and Paul Mundey, senior pastor of the 
Frederick, Md., congregation. 

Most of us in our home churches listen week after week 
to one preacher who proclaims the gospel in one voice. 
But charged as we each are with proclaiming the gospel to 
different sorts of people, isn't it helpful to hear God's 
Word interpreted and given shape through the voices of 
different people? 

18 Messenger August 1999 




Patrick Mellerson 

Michelle Grimm 

Lowell Flory 

Nancy Fans 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^K^IMK^ '-N ^^^^^^^^^^1 

V ,mF * 1 


Wide participation 

The varied gifts of leadership and creativity offered 
during worship over the course of the week included the 
contributions of soloists, musical ensembles, choral read- 
ers, and a conference choir. There were also testimonials, 
liturgical dance, signing for the deaf, and drama presen- 
tations. It was striking how many people offered their 
gifts for worship. 

This meant that the "offering time" wasn't just that 
time in the worship service when the offering bags were 
passed. Instead, the offering time went on throughout the 
worship service, as gifts of worship-expression were 
offered by dozens of people. 

Powerful symbols 

For the Brethren, feetwashing is a powerful symbol of 
what we believe and who we intend to be. But can it speak 
to more than individual relationships, the way it usually 
does back home in our love feasts? 

Thursday night, the evening that Patrick Mellerson of the 
Butler Chapel AME church preached, it did just that. The 
worship service climaxed with the symbol of feetwashing 
shared between Pastor Mellerson, Torin Eikenberry, who 
spent his BVS year working there, and Tom Hostetler, who 
was serving as the worship leader that evening. 

As they washed each other's feet, while Mark Lillci- 
recited from memory the |ohn 13 scripture, the familiar 
symbol of feetwashing spoke in a new way. It spoke of 
new relationships across race and denomination. But per- 
haps even more importantly, it truly symbolized how 
serving each other frees us from our fears and our pride. 

Fullness of space and time 

Worship at Annual Conference is experienced in the full- 
ness of space and time. What needs to happen is going to 
happen — no matter how long it takes! It's not just that 
"more happens" in an Annual Conference worship service 
and that the preacher (usually) preaches longer than the 
preacher back home. It's also that there is time created 
within the service for reflection and confession and 

Whether it's a full and soaring prelude, a thoughtfully 
crafted guided prayer, or a calming Taize song, repeated 
over and over, there is a sense that time can stand still 
while we are gathered to worship, and that it is worship 
that will carry us through the week. In Milwaukee, the 
singing certainly was great, but it was the whole experi- 
ence of worship that carried us through the week. 

Kurt Borgmann is pastor of the Oukton. Va. congregation. 

August 1999 Messenger 1 9 




Going the extra miie: luel Peterson, of Ft. Wayne. Iiid. . took part in a junior iiigli service project to pick up litter in Milwaukee. 

Children liked the 
critters and the choir 

BY Walt Wiltschek 

!ust a short stroll from the main arena where Annual 
Conference business sessions were held, cavernous 
race Hall auditorium rang with the sounds of excited 
children. While adults were hard at work, children were 
hard at play at Conference children's activities. 

Days began with some free time, then moved on to 
singing led by Peg Lehman, crafts, and a variety of "dis- 
covery center" learning activities, plus two field trips 

during the week — one to the Milwaukee County Zoo 
and the other to a children's museum. By all accounts, the 
scheduled events were a hit. 

"Worship was boring," said 8-year-old [ustin Hollen- 
berg of York, Pa., about the large evening sessions in the 
arena, "but the activities were fun!" The zoo seemed to be 
the star attraction of the week, with nearly every kid 
within earshot talking about the trip and all the critters 
they saw there. 

"I saw all kinds of animals," said 8-year-old Amy Gab- 

20 Messenger August 1999 




The children of Conference, led in singing by Peg Lehman, performed 
for the adults at the opening of the evening worship serviee. 

bard of Dayton, Ohio. "I 
even saw a giraffe." 

"1 liked going to the 
zoo," echoed another 8- 
year-old, Craig Morphew 
of Elgin, 111. "I liked the 
Wisconsin something." 
After prompting from a 
friend he finished: "Oh, 
yeah! The Wisconsin 

Six-year-old Emily 
Peters of Pennsylvania 
said she got a peacock 
feather from the trip and 
also liked the museum a 

I "lot, while Kezia Roop, also 6, from Mauertown, Va., gave 
high ratings to the cows. Abby Steele, 7, of Martinsburg, 
Pa., couldn't decided which animals she liked the best, 
saying she "loved it all." 

That all tied in well with the "Critters in the Choir" 
song that the children worked on during the week, part of 
their daily practices for a children's choir concert they 
gave before the main worship service Saturday evening. 

Megan Kohler, 1 1 , of Marion, Ind., said "1 liked the 
singing," listing as her 
favorite "We Are One 
Body," a song sung at 
Friday evening's worship 
service. Matthew Petcher, 
of Citronelle, Ala., mean- 
while, didn't have to think 
long about his favorite 
part of the week: "Free 
time for me," he said. "We 
just played!" He said he 
liked playing foursquare 
the best. 

There was plenty of 
room for foursquare and 
much more in the hall, 
which had chairs set up 
for singing at one end 
and tables piled with 
activities lined up along 

Jennifer Scarr, of Bakersfield, Calif, enjoys iee cream at the Hilton. 

each side, with open 
space in the middle. The 
various activity centers 
included an area for 
reading, craft tables of all 
sorts, banner-making, 
board games, and more, 
like hula hoops and col- 
orful parachutes. 

The lourney of Young 
Adults (lOYA) team, 
sponsored by On Earth 
Peace Assembly, also 
came in one afternoon to 
lead the children in games, 
Bible skits, and other 
lessons. Much of the action came as a result of hard work 
from Kathryn Radcliff and Pat Rittle of Elgin. 111., who 
served as children's co-coordinators for the week. They 
each worked at their specialties, pulled in some other 
people to help, recruited parents and others to be volun- 
teers each day, and made it all happen for the nearly 1 50 
children who registered. "It's been a real good week," 
Rittle said. "The kids have been good — really receptive 
and cooperative." 

Rittle especially praised 
the zoo. which even did a 
special cookout for the 
group, and the |OYA 
team, who "had the kids 
right with them from the 
beginning." Of course, it 
might be best not to say 
too much more about the 
children's activities — 
otherwise it might be 
hard to get the adults to 
go to those business ses- 
sions next year. 

Walt Wiltschek is associate 
pastor at Westminster (Md.) 
Cliiirch of the Brelhrcii. )york- 
iiig ]vitli children, youdi. and 
young adults. 

August 1999 Messenger 21 



Renewal happens! 


The hardest part is asking for help 

There's a stubborn streak of individualism in America, 
not only in people, but in churches as well. Even 
though scripture calls us to be dependent on and 
accountable to each other, we somehow think if we don't 
go it alone there's something wrong with us. It's hard to 
ask for help. 

In direct contrast to this attitude, the Logansport 
Church of the Brethren in the South Central Indiana Dis- 
trict, reached out for help to the district and to sister 
congregations — and experienced transformation. 

The Logansport story was the 
subject of an Insight Session at 
the Milwaukee Annual Confer- 
ence and bears repeating. 

By the fall of 1997 the con- 
gregation, which had been 
yoked to another congregation 
for the previous six years, felt 
exhausted. Attendance was 
less than fifty a Sunday, and it 
felt like the same people were 
doing all the work. As feff 
Graham, now one of the 
copastors of Logansport said, 
"Some members told me that 

there came a point where they almost dreaded coming to 
church on Sunday. They were working on keeping the 
doors open. It seemed like all they could think about was 
whether there was enough money to pay the bills. They 
couldn't concentrate on worshiping the Lord." 

The church board decided that they couldn't go on as they 
were, so they turned to their district ministers, Ron and Har- 
riet Finney, for help. At a council meeting in lanuary of 1998 
Ron remembers, "I asked them how willing are you to take a 
risk? Are you serious about a new beginning?" 

The church was willing. The two came up with a pro- 
posal. The church board members would take a sabbatical; 
the district board took responsibility for the church. Two 
sister congregations, the Mexico and Roann congregations, 
along with their pastors, Tim Deardorff, Kurt Snyder, and 
Bruce Hostetler, established a partnership for renewal. 
Indianapolis-based Duane Grady, employed by the General 
Board as a Congregational Life Team member, encouraged 
and promoted the project. He also helped the congregation 
conduct a six-month review of progress. 

Two licensed ministers from the Mexico congregation, 
Jeff Graham and Aaron Gross, stepped forward and 
answered a call to share the Logansport pastorate. In the 

People have heard there's something new going on at 
Logansport Church of the Brethren, and they're 
coming to find out what it is. 

words of Ron Finney, "The church was reignited. Every- 
thing had doubled. Worship attendance and giving 
doubled. Sunday School attendance tripled. There was 
definitely the movement of the Holy Spirit in that place." 

lanet Reed was board chair of Logansport at the time 
the decisions were made. "I'd read some church growth 
books," she said, "and little by little it occurred to me we 
were accepting what we'd become instead of trying to 
find ways to become something else. God didn't intend 
for us to remain a small church. We were making it that 

way. The Executive Committee 
and I decided to turn every- 
thing over to the Lord." 

Janet said that things are 
exciting at church now. "It's 
more than the numbers. It's a 
feeling of the Holy Spirit being 
present. Before we had a lot of 
despair and apathy. Now it's a 
spirit-filled church." 

Both leff and Aaron have 
worked full time with a con- 
struction company while 
devoting an additional 20 hours 
a week to the church. However, 
Logansport is on the verge of calling them as joint pastors. 
Aaron said, "The church has an excitement for ministry 
right now. They're eagerly desiring to go out and share 
the Gospel with people. They want other people to come. 
It's been kind of exciting. They've got a new sense of 
excitement in that congregation. That's helped them to 
feel like going out and sharing that with people. God has 
blessed us and brought a lot of people who have heard 
that something is going on at Logansport. Then all of a 
sudden they're a part of the congregation." 

|eff Graham felt the same calling as Aaron, to work 
outside their home church. "I was interested when I 
heard that Mexico and Roann were going to help Logans- 
port. The Lord laid on my heart that he wanted me to be 
involved in pastoral ministry. The door opened and things 
really lined up and we ended up over there." 

Like everyone else, )eff perceives a dramatic change in 
the Logansport church. "People come to the church with 

excitement for Sunday morning worship, expecting to 
have an encounter with the Lord." 


Frank Ramirez is pastor of tlie Ell<hart Valley Churcli oftlie 
Brethren, Ellcliart, Ind. 

22 Messenger August 1999 

Lifesavers on overtime 

Interim disaster response managers 

faced a landslide of challenges during 

six inonths they'll never forget 

STORY BY Walt Wiltschek 
PHOTOS BY Phil Grout 

Conflict in 
Kosovo. Refugee 
camps in New jersey. 
Tornadoes in the 
Plains. A plane crash 
in Little Rock. 
Floods. Earthquakes. 
Crops freezing. Hur- 
ricane recovery. 

Bob and Marianne 
Pittman expected a 
challenge when they 
answered the call to be interim co- 
managers of the Church of the 
Brethren's Emergency Response/ 
Service Ministries in (anuary, but 
they never expected the challenges 
would come in such a landslide. 

"It was a little different than we 
thought it would be," Marianne said 
in understatement. "Sometimes we'd 
say to each other, 'Can we hold this 
together?' " 

But hold it together they did, and 
then some. Nearly half a million dol- 
lars in aid was sent out from January, 
when they took over for retiring 
ER/SM director Miller Davis, to early 
June. That money from the Emer- 
gency Disaster Fund went literally to 
all corners of the world, meeting a 
wide variety of needs. As they look at 
it, though, the Pittmans say they didn't 

When Marianne and Bob Pittman, interim co-managers of Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries, answered a call, they knew the chtirch would laugh 

something we're 
interested in." Still, 
they don't know how 
their name came up 
for the ER/SM 
interim director's job. 
"We've asked often 
who had something 
against us," Mari- 
anne said with a 

Merv Keeney 

provide the support needed to perform the task. 

really do it, but rather God, and the 
church, did it through them. 

They didn't jump at the opportunity 
when Global Mission Partnerships 
director Merv Keeney called them last 
year in Blacksburg, Va., where Mari- 
anne had been a pastor. 

Bob said he and his wife had been 
volunteers and project directors for 
disaster relief responses and were 
trained caregivers for children in 
those situations, so they were a nat- 
ural choice in some ways. In fact, 
they had offered to be project direc- 
tors again just weeks before Keeney's 
call came. 

"We have a firm belief that ER/SM 
is key to who the Church of the 
Brethren is," Marianne said. "Bear- 
ing one another's burdens, bringing 
the cup of cold water — it's really 

said 'We're asking 
you to go to New 
Windsor as interims. We said, 'How 
long?' He said, 'Six months.'" 

At first they felt that would be too 
long, and they were concerned about 
their lack of computer experience, 
but eventually the call won out over 
their trepidations. When January 
rolled around, they rolled into the 
hills of New Windsor, Md., and met 
the 20 employees of ER/SM. 

"There's something about a call like 
that," Marianne said. "If the church 
calls you to a task, the church will 
undergird and support you. You rec- 
ognize that even if you fail, the church 
will be there to support you." They 
needed all that support and undergird- 
ing as the series of disasters struck, 
and bombs fell in the Balkans, and 
requests began streaming in. 

Grants went to Tennessee and 

August 1999 Messenc;er 23 

Arkansas for tornado cleanup first, 
then to the Chiapas region of 
Mexico, then to Sierra Leone, and 
Texas, and Rwanda and Hurricane 
Mitch cleanup efforts. 

While the money kept pouring out, 
material aid went, too, as the mater- 
ial resources personnel — who the 
Pittmans call the "unsung heroes" of 
the operation — worked overtime to 
send clothes, health kits, and other 
aid. Volunteers and financial dona- 
tions flowed in, too. These were, and 
continue to be, critical in meeting the 
varied needs, according to the 

In addition to the impressive 
ER/SM load, the distribution center 
also handles additional loads. It does 
preparation and shipping for 22 
denominational and nonprofit agen- 
cies, including Church World Service, 
Lutheran World Relief, Interchurch 
Medical Assistance, Inc., United 
Methodist Committee on Relief, and 
the Presbyterian Church (USA). 

Thus when the wheels kick into 
high gear, frenetic is the only word 
to describe the pace in an otherwise 
serenely peaceful small town. Sup- 

Stanley Noffsinger, tlie new director of 
Emergency Response/ Service 
Ministries, in front of material aid to 
be shipped to needy people all over 
the world. 

plies fly across tables, crates zip from 
one end of the warehouse to the 
other, and large trucks come in and 
out of the docks. 

Loretta Wolf, the center's manager 
of material resources, said this past 


We disagree but could be good neighbors 

One recent Saturday morning, two walking visitors 
approached me, literature in hand, as I tended lawn in 
front of my home. From previous experience 1 surmised 
that these neatly dressed women, much, much younger 
than I, wished to discuss serious business with me — 
Armageddon and my place in eternity. 

I, being in no crunch for time, and not being one to 
avoid theological discussion, decided to invest a block of 
time and engage in "tri-alogue." 

In retrospect, it seems that we three were good listeners 

spring's work included 22 trailer 
loads of tents, plastic, water jugs, 
and wool blankets for Kosovo — the 
largest single shipment ever sent out 
by the center. 

"It was a work-all-through-the- 
weekend kind of deal," Wolf said. 
"The workload really did increase." 
The Pittmans' lives finally became less 
hectic in late |une, when Stanley Noff- 
singer moved to New Windsor from 
Wichita, Kan., to become the new, 
permanent director of ER/SM. He's 
seen how busy a job it can be, calling 
Bob and Marianne "wonderful, won- 
derful servants" of the church. 

Even so, he has that same sense of 
calling that his predecessors sensed, and 
a deep appreciation for ER/SM's work. 

"This church has an incredible 
heart that goes out to people in need, 
no matter where it is," Noffsinger 
said. "I've always been amazed at the 
Church of the Brethren's willingness, 
despite its size, to be a pioneer. I 
hope we continue to be a pioneerprin 
as responders to need." I 5 

Walt Wiltschek is associate pastor at the 
Westminster (Md.) Church of the Brethren. 

as well as aggressive debaters as we interacted with 
point/counterpoint. But it was obvious that in this intense 
tug-of-war neither "side" was about to pull the other into 
the mud pit between us. 

After 30 to 40 minutes we agreed to disagree. "Let me 
share something with you," 1 proffered, and led them 
around the garage to view my garden and several patches 
of wildflowers which were putting on a dazzling perfor- 
mance. There is a kind of reverence when one stands in 
the presence of beauty — and we three experienced it and 
expressed it as we embraced the scene for a time. 

24 Messenger Auijust 1999 

On the other side of disaster 

A caregiver receives care 

Loretta Wolf has spent more than 23 years helping the Church of the Brethren and others respond to disasters. 

She started as a receiver/packer at the distribution center in New Windsor, Md., in 1976. Later she moved into 
data entry at the center, then into a support -staff role, and then into the position of administrative secretary for the 
director. Finally, in 1985, she moved back into the material resources department, now serving as manager of mater- 
ial resources for the denomination's Emergency Response/Service Ministries. 

"I've kind of grown up at the center," Wolf said. "I really enjoy the challenge it provides for me." 

in all that time of helping out others, though, she never expected to be on the other side of the disaster response. 

That changed this past March, when she received a call at work 
saying that her barn was on fire. She rushed home hoping to at 
least save some of the animals, but by the time she got there the 
fire had not only consumed almost all of the barn but also spread 
via strong winds to her nearby house. It was a near-total loss. 

Interim ER/SM directors Bob and Marianne Pittman came out 
right away, she said, along with another staff person. Additional 
support, emotional and material, quickly followed from them and 
many others at New Windsor and beyond. 

"The people at the center showed a lot of concern," Wolf said. 
"They always were asking, 'How are you doing?,' 'Is there any- 
thing we can help with?' They were very supportive." 

They helped her and her family find space at the center to live, 
too, after the initial support from the American Red Cross. Littie 
gifts and donations like pots and toilet paper and other supplies 
helped it feel more like home. 

"It was very difficult," Wolf said. "Helping other people is so 
easy from my vantage point, but accepting that — at first we just 
said, 'We'll be okay.' But the Pittmans said other people need to 
respond, too, just as you need to respond. It took a while to get 
that into my system." 

She still doesn't like the sound of sirens, but there is some She's been aiding disaster ]'iciiiiis joi 23 years. 

good news — great news, in fact. Her new house is going up, but when her house burned Loretta Wolf 

shingles are going on, and she expects to be in it this fall. became a victim herself. 

Before you go, may I show you something else ... do 
^ou like cherries?" Affirmative from both as we walked to 
he other side of my home. There, my 40-year-old cherry 
Iree stood, hanging heavy with luscious, sweet fruit. 
There is a special joy and satisfaction in picking your own 
("ruit and eating it ripe and juicy on the spot — and spitting 
eeds on the earth's carpet below. 

While we picked and gorged, we talked of our trees and 
gardens, our successes and failures, and shared a lot about 
;he bounties of nature — no point/counterpoint here. 

When my visitors departed carrying bags of cherries, I 
nused that they would make nice neighbors and hoped 

they would feel the same about mc. And I thought about 
how often theology is divisive while simple acts of kind- 
ness bring us together. — Gene Palsgrove 

Gene Palsgrove is a retired teacher and administrator and a 
member of the Modesto (Calif) Church of the Brethren. 

Messckger would like to piiblisli oilier slioil. colorful, humorous or poigiiaiU stories 
of real- life incidents involving Brethren. Please send your submission to MESsnNCEK. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. II. 60120- 169-1 or e-iiuiil to the editor at 
ffarrar jgb(s> 

August 1999 Messenger 25 

Idol pursuits 

Overconsumption not only harms the earth, it damages our relationship to God 

The average US citizen consumes 60 times more material resources per person than residents of poorer nations. 

Story and photos by David Radcliff 

It is the year 2525. An interplane- 
tary spaceship has landed on Earth 
on a research mission from a nearby 
solar system. Humankind has long 
since disappeared from the planet, 
but marks of human habitation still 
remain just under the sod and 
beneath the branches of towering 

Curious about the one-time inhabi- 
tants of this shiny blue and green 
planet, the visitors begin to excavate. 
Finding their way through successive 
layers of human history, they finally 
arrive at a period which, to their 
keen sensors, seems to be a turning 
point. It is an era some 500 sun -rev- 
olutions earlier, at what was known 
as the 20th and 21st centuries. 
According to their analysis, this was 
the time that the inhabitants' rela- 
tionship with their planet changed 

Until then, human impact on the 
planet had been more or less benign. 
Certainly there was evidence of 
small-scale disruptions due to 

mining and industry and agriculture, 
but nothing like what would tran- 
spire at that key juncture. 

Beginning around 400 sun-revolu- 
tions earlier, these interlopers 
observed that the main activity of 
this lost race began to be the extrac- 
tion of the planet's material bounty. 
This might not have been so trouble- 
some had these materials been used 
and reused. For the most part, how- 
ever, this had not been done. The 
archaeological record showed a 
marked tendency to use extracted 
materials only once, with items sum- 
marily trashed after a single use. 

Closer examination of this level of 
history told the story more clearly. 
There were large deposits of refuse 
and evidence of massive deforesta- 
tion. There were silted and polluted 
waterways and sunken water tables. 
Key ecosystems had collapsed due to 
habitat destruction and the conse- 
quent wholesale disappearance of 
thousands of species of plants and 
animals. And core samples of the 

oldest trees revealed evidence of 
widespread climate change soon 
after this period, a clear but perhaps 
unintended consequence of their 
dependence on fossil fuels. 

There was also evidence of wide- 
spread conflict centered around 
areas of abundant resources — espe 
cially oil. Evidently, the visitors 
concluded, materials eventually 
became so scarce that there was not 
enough to satisfy everyone, and war 

Science fiction? We can hope so. I 
am afraid, however, that it will 
take more than hope to keep at least 
some approximation of this scenario 
from coming to pass. 

Many of us are already living what 
our futuristic visitors supposedly 
found. Our consumption of the 
earth's bounty far exceeds its ability 
to sustain us — or itself. 

According to the recently pub- 
lished Our Ecological Footprint (Nev 
Society Publishers), there are just 

26 Messenger August 1999 

)ver 20 billion acres of productive 
and on the planet on which 
lumankind may draw to sustain 
tseif. This includes forests and fields 
md all other arable or otherwise pro- 
ductive areas. Since the earth's 
copulation is now at 6 billion people, 
his comes out to a little over 5 acres 
5er person. 

As the authors of the book calcu- 
ate it, many of the earth's 
nhabitants use nowhere near their 
air share of the earth to meet their 
rieeds. This is primarily due to their 
30verty. The 1.5 billion people who 
ive on less than one dollar per day 
lo not have the purchasing power to 
reatly impact the earth. 

The richest fifth of the world's 
)eople are not similarly restrained. 
Members of this group, which 
ncludes most North Americans, use 
nore than their share of the earth to 
orovide for their level of consump- 
ion. Indeed, they consume about 60 
imes more material goods per captia 
han is consumed by the world's 
poorest people. They use from three 
:o ten times their share of the earth's 
Dounty. In other words, these 
A'ealthy ones require from 10 to 50 
acres per person to sustain their level 
Df consumption, when only three or 
pO acres is their share. 

If everyone in the world consumed at 
fhe rate of those who use three times 
heir share, 
three planets 
ike the one 
'we have 
tvould be 
simply to pro- 
v\de for us. 

people are using much more than 
their share of the earth's bounty. 
There is something about this 
arrangement that doesn't square with 
the biblical idea of justice. And an 
economic and social or theological 
system that allows for, or even 
encourages, this kind of disparity 
must be questioned. 

A second concern has to do with 
our stewardship of God's creation — 
or the lack of stewardship we display 
by our overconsuniing ways. Biolo- 
gists call our era the sixth great 
extinction period, and the first to be 
caused by one of the earth's species 
— humankind. Species are disap- 
pearing at 1 ,000 times the historic 
rate. Forests are being cut at a pace 
of nearly 40 million acres a year. In 
the US, 400,000 acres (or about two 
New York Cities) are being paved or 
built over every year, replacing fields 
and forests and wetlands. 

And there are signs everywhere, 
from tree rings in northern Asia, to 
butterflies' choice of nesting sites in 
Europe, to the retreat of glaciers 
around the world, that the earth's 
climate is changing due to our vora- 
cious consumption of fossil fuels. 

Does the earth belong to the Lord? 
Did God create the species and pro- 
nounce them "good"? Do we care 
what kind of planet we pass on to 
our children and grandchildren? It 

^T^'here are 
X. a numbe 
of conclu- 



may draw 
from this 
First, it does- 
n't seem 
(iquite fair 
that some 

How will humankind relate to God's earth in the coming century', 
our attitudes and actions. 

often seems that while our lips con- 
fess one thing, our actions confess 

Even with our concerns about jus- 
tice and stewardship of the earth, 
there is another more fundamental 
dimension to our appetite for mater- 
ial goods. 

An ancient story may be a clue for 
what is really at stake here. In 
Exodus 52, the Israelites turn from 
the living God to a golden calf as the 
object of their worship. What was the 
purpose of an idol such as this? To 
receive our adoration and sacrifice. 
To bless the community with material 
goods, fertility, military prowess, 
things. To passively receive worship 
without demanding obedience. 

And the Israelites' response to 
their newly created god? They 
engaged in raucous play and unin- 
hibited devotion to their desires. 
What a metaphor for our consuming 
passions! We, too, seem intent on 
letting nothing stand in the way of 
our pursuit of pleasure, comfort, and 
the latest styles — to the point that 
our purchases, even of things as 
expensive and as costly to the envi- 
ronment as an automobile, often 
seem aimed more at making a fash- 
ion statement than at any other 

Is it too handy lo borrow such a 
strong biblical image and apply it 

directly to a 
current real- 
ity? After all, 
we're not 
actually fash- 
golden gods 
to dance 

But recall 
lesus' teach- 
ing along a 
similar vein. 
"You cannot 
serve both 
God and 
Here lesus 
makes it 
clear that if 
God has one 

The answer hinges on 

August 1999 Messengek 27 

primary competitor in the 
human heart for uhimate 
allegiance, it is materialism 
Materialism alone is so 
alluring to humankind that 
it can regularly siphon off 
the devotion we siiould 
offer solely to God. 

Do our consuming ways 
and our fervent desire for 
material rewards meet the 
criteria for an old-fash- 
ioned Old Testament idol, 
or the godlike mammon of 
the New Testament? 

We might ask ourselves 
these questions: Do we turn to 
material things to find a sense of 
identity? Are we willing to set aside 
other important values — like the 
health of the planet or what would be 
fair for all — in the pursuit of these 
things? Do we find that we accumu- 
late for ourselves to the point that 
our sharing with others is dimin- 
ished? Are our personal and spiritual 
energies devoted to God and our 
daily discipleship, or to the pursuit of 
material goods? Have we created a 
theology to justify our consuming 
ways, or do we allow ourselves to 
look critically at how much we have, 
how we use it, and what God's hopes 
are for the world? 

As it turns the corner into the next 
century, the human family faces 
many serious challenges. Not least 
among these is our relationship to 
God's earth and to the other people 
who live here. But more basic than 
this is our relationship to the Cre- 
ator. If we, like the ancient Israelites, 
are content with a golden god, one 
who expects little but promises 
much, we will suffer their fate. Left 
to our own designs, our passions will 

Plants and animals are faced with tremendous pressure 
from luiniaii activity, yet show remarkable resilience. 

run wild and our "playing" will lead 
ultimately to destruction. 

On seeing the people dancing 
around the fire before their new- 
found god, the Lord said to Moses, 
"Go down, for your people are on 
the verge of self-destruction." They 
were about to destroy themselves by 
turning to a false god instead of to 
the living God. 

What a telling image for our day and 
the challenges we face! We, too, may 
be on the verge of self-destruction, 
and perhaps for the very same reasons 
as the Israelites of old: seeking secu- 
rity and even salvation in things 
material and close at hand. And, like 
the rich man in |esus' parable in Luke 
1 9, we can become so oblivious in our 
consumption that we fail to notice the 
unfortunate one at our doorstep — to 
our eternal dismay. 

What would it mean for us to turn 
our devotion away from the golden 
calves of our day and toward the 
eternal presence of the living God? A 
short list might include: 

•Turning toward the world and its 
people. As we learn more about how 
others live and how our actions affect 

the planet, our hearts can be 
moved and our behavior 

•Turning away from inces- 
sant consumption. A small 
step would be to honor the 
Lord's Day as a day of rest, 
rather than another day to 
shop or work. This "rest" 
becomes a deeply theological 
statement that we do not 
secure our lives by constant 
striving after things, but rather; 
that our lives depend on God'S| 
provision. j 

•Turning off the television, j 
staying away from the mall, putting 
down the fashion magazines. The 
constant drumbeat of consumption 
sooner or later convinces us that we 
must join the parade. 

•Turning to God and God's accep- 
tance of each of us for who we are. 
This leads to the kind of self-accep- 
tance that is the best antidote to the 
temptation to look to things to 
assure our self-worth. 

I hope that future visitors to our 
planet will discover that our era was 
indeed a turning point for the earth 
and its people. But I hope they find, 
rather than a turning away from care 
for the earth and for one another, 
that we seized this moment to turn 
toward good stewardship and just 
treatment of all people. And more 
importantly, that we began to turn 
toward the God who asks for our 
complete devotion, and promises us 
life in return, even unto the tenth 
generation. Which would just 
about get us to 2325. 

David Radcliff is director of Brelliren 
Witness for tlie CInircli oftlie Brednvii 
General Board. 

28 Mf.ssenger August 1999 



/ have decided to focus my life and energy in 
the years ahead on the church instead of the chapel. 

jChapel or church? 

\ recent experience at the Timbercrest 
Church of the Brethren Home, where I 
how Hve, has caused me to reflect on, 
to compare and contrast, "church" 
and "chapel." The chapel committee 
plans and provides a half-hour experi- 
ence of worship, six days every week, 
513 services each year, with pastoral 
and lay speakers secured from the 
:hurches of the area. 

I have been asked to chair the 
:hapel committee, a job that would 
require about half-time ministry as a 
volunteer. 1 am now serving as 
interim pastor of a church on a half- 
time basis. I am facing the question, 
where shall I serve, chapel or 

Both have a building used regularly 

for services of worship. Both are 
more than, and different from, the 
building in which they meet. In both 
the services of worship are similar. 

But there seems to be a striking 
contrast in the mission of church and 
chapel. The purpose of the chapel is 
to provide inspiring services for all 
those who meet for worship on a reg- 
ular basis. It exists for the "in 
group." Its mission is not to reach 
outsiders, or to serve the larger com- 
munity or world. 

The church's essential mission is to 
those outside or beyond the local 
group — to share the faith and make 
disciples, to minister to the needs of 
the community and the world. It is to 
train and involve every member in its 
outreach, in its mission and varied 
ministries. The church is to "Con- 

Shepherds by the Living Springs 

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spiritual dimension as key to renewal in 
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faith formation. They serve by the trans- 
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tinue the work of lesus" in its com- 
munity, nation, and world. 

I have observed one congregation 
that resembles a chapel more than a 
church! As a member of the District 
Task Team on Evangelism and 
Church Growth, 1 am sensing that 
many of our congregations bear a 
stronger resemblance to chapel than 
to church. They seem to exist for the 
"in group," for the present member- 
ship. Many of them are now largely a 
cluster of older members, with little 
or no effective "disciple-making" or 
evangelism for decades. 

I have decided to focus my life and 
energy in the years ahead on the 
church instead of the chapel. The 
Gospel writer Matthew credits lesus 
with saying, "I will build my church." 
He has called me, and every follower, 
to "Go make disciples," to go with 
Him in a continuing ministry to a 
world of need. 

I feel it is urgent, the time is now, 
for every Brethren congregation to 
make an in-depth study of its life and 
mission, to discern if it is truly lesus' 
church or just a local chapel, serving 
its own members. This may be the 
first key to new life and growth, to 
the spiritual renewal so much needed 
in our beloved Church of the 

Olden D. Mitchell 
Noiili .Manchester, hid. 

Take time for youth 

The |une Messenger article by Walt 
Wiltschek had a most positive note in 
it regarding Brethren young people 
wanting to be more involved in the 
life and work of the church. A perti- 
nent part of this work is what we do 
to facilitate the involvement of mem- 
bers to get the youth work done. 

Often wc hear, "But I don't have 
the lime to do it." Those who find 
joy in possibilities by taking respon- 

Aiunur IQOO iVIm<;FMr:FK 29 

sibility have found an answer to that. 
If you want to have more time, take 
on more responsibility. If we do not 
have time, our relationship to time 
needs to be looked at. Adults who 
have time have learned the fine art of 
exciting young people to use their 
special talents in engaging others in 
doing the work. Then young people 
become involved doing things that 
they feel make a difference. 

Youth need to have a say in the work 
of the church. The experience of 
having a say is what turns them on. 
This is where the gifts of God within 
them become channeled, and amazing 
things happen. Leaders in the King- 
dom are essentially facilitators in this 
process. May the aspirations to follow 
the light which emerges from the 
hearts and minds of our youth come 
to focus and fruition in the church 
they want to serve. 

Andrew G. Mathis 
Tampa. Fla. 

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30 Messenger August 1999 

lew members 

rcadia. Ind.: Allen Rednour, lake 
Rcnour. Levi Rednour. Megan 
i Brocket!, Ron Brocketl, Patty Brock- 
et!, lared Knapp, Travis Knapp 

eaver, Iowa: Sarah |ane Evans. |en- 
nifer Ann Evans 
if|lentral, Roanoke, Va.: David Wilson. 
Ronald and Barbara Berkheimer. 
Lawrence and Carol Bryant 

urryville. Pa.: Tyler Poor, Mink Fink. 
Susie Fink 

lenton, Md.i Rebecca Holsinger, 
Colleen and Claire Berkey 

asl Cocalico, Reamstown. Pa.: Evan 
Dill, lennil'er Dill, Kathleen Dill. 
Tina Dill. Kelly Frederick 

lizabethtown. Pa.: Ann Good. Susan 
Grubb. Ellen Sauder. Milton Good. 
Christina Lehman. Sandv Snowden 

nders, Neb.: Amel Peterson, Arlan 

nglish River, South English. Iowa: 
loe Gregorson 

phrata, Pa.: Shelly Wenger, Allison 
Bowman, Jennifer Sickmeier, 
Michael Sickmeier. |ulie Hess 

'airview. Unionville. Iowa: Tiffany 
Leann Mason. Eric David Grove, lil- 
lian Brooke Seli.\. lonathan Tyler 

irst, Harrisonburg. Va.: Dawn Burt- 
ner. Emily Foster, Zach Foster, 
Becky Huffstetler, Phillip Long, 
Denise Mason, Ryan NoUey. 
Matthew Phillippi, Randy and Deb 
Mitchell. Bob and Goldie Roller. 
Darin Keith Bowman, lohn and 
Missy Agee. Steve and leni Simons. 
Ed Huffstetler. Bob and Anne 
Spilman. Charlene Williams. .Aileen 
Crider. |im Borkholder. Bill Fisher. 
Bly Brown 

irst, St. Petersburg. Fla.: Robert 
Beach. Martha Beach 

lood Shepherd, Silver Spring. Md,: 
oscph Mason 

lollidaysburg. Pa.: Robert lohnson 

Kansas City, Kan.: Michael Patrick 

ampeter, Pa.: Lawrence and Dawne 
Beard. Chris Peifer. Karen Peifer, 
lustin Stahl 

ebanon, Mt. Sidney. Va.: lustin 
Augst. lordan Bowman, Tim Cupp, 
Bess Lintner, Denise Michael, Brice 

inville Creek, Broadway, Va.: 
Norman Biller, Noah Keller. |ason 
Spence, lanice Cobb. Tami Spitzer 

ititz, Pa.: Mike Fortney. Ken Grove. 
Laurie Grove, Tobye Slankard 

laitland, Lewistown. Pa.: Tricia Lom- 

larsh Creek, Gettysburg, Pa.: William 
Harrison. Tia Currens Hay. Richard 
Coutts. Shirley Coutts 

lidland, Va.: Stephanie Davis. Debbie 
Matthews, Brandon Carroll, Peggy 
Petro, Cameron Petro, Derrick 
IVtro, Stephen Petro 
[Hill Creek, Port Republic, Va.: Karen 
White. Cathy Click. Kevin Perkins. 
Lynn and Donna Hill. Debbie 
Armentrout. Nathan Foerster. 
Richard Click. Hannah Holsinger. 
Harper Holsinger, |enna McAllister, 

Katie larrels, Steffan larrels. Kellv 

lohnson. Lauren Long. Kurt Maga- 

lis. Alissa Michael. Steven Michael. 

lustin Michael. Michelle .Michael. 

Farren Shifflett. Sarah Souder 
Mohier, Ephrata. Pa.: Clarence and 

Eleanor Wenrich. Lloyd and Shirley 

Myers. .Andrea Mills 
Morgantown, W.Va.: Zane Long. 

Lenore Harris 
New Paris, Ind.: Ed Miller 
Osceola, Mo.: Ruby Conwell. Tracy 

Conuell. Peggy Baldwin 
Plumcreek, Shelocta. Pa.: Mabel Flem- 
ing. Patricia Orr 
Poplar Ridge, Defiance. Ohio: Patty 

Bishop. Edward and Sarah Mor- 

daunt. -Mark and Man Harrington. 

lonathon Blosser. Elayne Peterson 
Prairie City, Iowa: Bob Clymer, Kelli 

Clymer, Matt Ayers. Katie Green. 

lulie Timmons. lason Trunnel. Dana 

Salisbury, Md.: Mike and Dottie March 
South Waterloo, Waterloo. Iowa: Chris 

Greiman. .Alison Fiory Replogle. 

Shawn Flory Replogle 
Union Center, Nappanee. Ind.: Tara 

Hepler. |on and Christina Eshelman. 


Albertson, Robert and Mary Ellen. 

Michigan City. Ind.. 50 
Anderson, Charles and Bernice. 

Uniontown. Pa.. 65 
Baker, Robert and Rose. Martinsburg, 

Pa.. 50 
Bowman, Paul and Sarah, Sta- 

nardsville. Va.. 55 
Clapper, Paul and Gladys. Altoona. Pa.. 

Embry, .Ashbv and Ernestine. Midland. 

Va.. 60 
Gicking, Robert and Margaret. Holli- 

daysburg. Pa.. 50 
Harper, Harry and luanila. Hunter- 
town. Ind.. 50 
Hostetter, Earl and Pearl. Goshen. 

Ind., 60 
Messick, Obrey and Virginia. Midland. 

Va.. 55 
Moon, Dick and Edith. Waterford. 

Calif.. 60 
Peck, Paul and Genevieve. Trov. Ohio. 

Proctor, Chester and Lorene. Shawnee. 

Kan.. 55 
Sayler, David and Ruth. Thurmont. 

Md.. 50 
Shaffer, Dorothy and Marlin. Man- 

heim. Pa.. 55 
Smith, Harold and Vera. Waterford. 

CaliL, 65 
Stauffer, Graybill and Martha. Mount 

loy. Pa.. 60 
Wolgemuth, Paul and Ruth. Manheim. 

Pa.. 50 
Wright, Gene and Nita. Troy. Ohio, 60 


Aecardi, Salvalor 1., 67. Spring Grove. 

Pa.. lune I 5 
Beehler, Nettie. 90. Wakarusa. Ind.. 

April 28 
Beery, Irene L.. 86, N. Manchester. 

Ind.. lune 1 7 
Bell, Hazel. 85. Fayetteville. W.Va.. 

lune 20 

Bollinger, Ella. 92. Ephrata. Pa., May 1 5 
Booth, Larry R.. 62. Ontario. CaliL. 

April 7 
Bradley. Mary. 80. Lebanon. Pa., lune 1 5 
Bradshaw, Ruth. 90. Waterford. CaliL. 

March 9 
Butt, Beatrice. 88, Shillinglon. Pa.. 

April 24 
Carroll, C.H.. 86. Osceola, Mo., April 1 I 
Dagen, .Mattilee. 87. Lancaster, Pa.. 

March 21 
Darkwood, Gerald. 65. Nappanee. 

Ind.. April 28 
Daughtrv, lulia, 75. Myerstown. Pa.. 

May r 
Dial, Barney Robert. 102. Yuba City. 

Calif,, lune 1 
Duncan, Charles Glenn. 86. '^brk. Pa.. 

lune 2S 
Ebersole, Mabel. 106. Ephrata. Pa.. 

lune 25 
Garsi, Wallace B. 81. Roanoke. Va.. 

lune 9 
Gilmer, Grace L.. 87. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. lune 26 
Grimes. David E.. 89. Union Bridge. 

Md.. May 14 
Hahn, Keith. 59. Homeworth. Ohio. 

May 7 
Harlman, lo. 84. Wakarusa. Ind.. lune 17 
Hayes, Bernice. 75, Denver, Pa.. April 19 
Heardt, Robert E.. 69, Cando, N.D.. 

May 22 
Heindel, George. 8 1 . York. Pa.. April 1 5 
Higgins, .Milton H.. S2. Roaring 

Spring. Pa.. May 25, 1998 
Hildebrandt, Philip, 86. York Pa.. May 8 
Howe, Edna. 79. Waterford. CaliL. 

May 28 
Keiper, Marv. 97. Martinsburg. Pa.. 

.May 51 
La Clair, Ethel. 84. Uniontown. Pa.. 

lune 14 
Lambert, Violet Esther. 92. Yuba City. 

Calif.. May 29 
Lerch, Clifford F.. 72. Coopersburg. 

Pa.. March 19 
McMurray, Grace. 95. McPherson, 

Kan.. May 2b 
Miller, Ora Mae, 74. Lewistown. Pa., 

May 22 
Morrison, Rachel, Wooster, Ohio, May 25 
Myers, Charles. Ir.. 78. Nappanee. 

Ind.. lune 27 
Neff, La Verne. 71. Nappanee. Ind.. 

Ian. 20 
Neideigh, Dorothy. 92. Rheems. Pa.. 

April 50 
Peifer, Diana .Ausherman. 47. York. 

Pa., lune 26 
Railing. Carrie. 102. Lancaster. Pa.. 

lune 5 
Root, Roberta |. 80. La Verne. CaliL. 

May 4 
Saplaii. Emily. 76. Oak Hill. W.Va., 

lune 19 
Shcap, Dorothy Pino. 84. Lansing. 

Mich.. March 17 
Sheap, Stanlev H.. 79. Lansing. Mich.. 

May 22 
Shenk, Miriam. 74. Elizabethtown. Pa.. 

May 50 
Simmers, Lois C. 85. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. lune 18 
Slifer, Edith S.. 85. Perkasie. Pa.. Dec. 25 
Smith, Elizabeth (Bette). 63. Reading. 

Pa.. May 16 
Stouder, lulia. 84. Wakarusa. Ind.. 

lune 8 
Strom, Rolland. 81. Worthington, 

Minn.. March 25 
Umbaugh, Harold. 86. Goshen Ind.. 

lulv 7 
Woodruff, Arthur. 83. Upland. Calif.. 

.April 7 
Yeller, Samuel. 59. Lewistown. Pa.. 

.May 19 


Baker, Norman E.. Pilsburg. Ohio. 

Ma\ 3 
Carter. Keith. Pleasant Dale. Decatur. 

Ind , Dec. 21 
Chambers, Scott .Allen. Pleasant Dale. 

Decatur. Ind.. March 15 
Chambers, Stacie lo. Pleasant Dale, 

Decatur, Ind.. March 1 3 
Detwiler, Carol Dawn. New Enterprise. 

Pa.. Ian. 50 
Edgar, Tiinothy. Cedar Grove, 

Rogersville. Tenn.. May 23 
Gandy, Craig L.. Woodgrove. Mich.. 

May I 5 
Kerr, Thomas |.. Christ Our Shepherd. 

Indianapolis. Ind.. Dec. 21 
Risscr, lames K.. Lewiston. Minn.. 

April 17 
Smucker, Matthew |.. Skyridge. Kala- 
mazoo. Mich.. May 1 5 


Harvey, Timothy. Dayton. Va.. April 20 
(ones, Eugene E., Mt. Olivet, Newport, 

Pa.. April 17 
Neff, Daniel Allen. Pleasant View. Red 

Lion. Pa.. April 1 7 
Peyton, lames. Myersville. Md.. May 8 
Riege, Yvonne Renee. Troy. Ohio. May 20 
Runkle. Dwayne .Allen. Pleasant View. 

Red Lion. Pa. 
Scheppard, Carol Ann, Genesis. 

Putney. Vt., April I 7 
Spire, Samuel G.. Snake Spring Valley, 

E\erett, Pa.. Ian. 50 
Thomas, Ricky Lane, Peak Creek, 

Laurel Springs, N.C.. May 15 

Pastoral placement 

Beekner, Denni.s. hum Locust Grove. New 

Castle. Ind.. to Columbia City. Ind. 
Edwards, Emily Shonk, to Cloverdale, 

Va.. director of Christian Nurture 
Flory, Brian, from student to Ambler. Pa. 
Gauby, Martin, from West Goshen. 

Goshen. Ind.. to Prairie View. Scott 

City. Kan. 
Hess, Stephen, from Pottstown. Pa., to 

Lititz. Pa., associate pastor 
Hooks, Eric, from Robinson. Pa., to 

Old Furnace. Ridgeley. W.Va. 
Hostetter, lohn. from Coventry. 

Pottstown. Pa., to Lampeter. Pa. 
Malone, Sarah Quinter. from interim 

to Stonerstown. Saxlon. Pa. 
Mo\\cn, lohn. to Fellowship. Martins- 
burg. W.Va. 
Pinkham, David, to Midland. Mich. 
Quintrcll, Greg, from Ligonier. Pa., to 

Malhias. W.Va. 
Reynolds, Phil, from Beech Grove. Pendle- 

lon, Ind.. to Mohier. Ephrata. Pa. 
Spire, Sam. from New Enterprise. Pa., 

lo Holsinger. New Enterprise. Pa. 
Spcicher, lill Keyset. Reading First. 

Reading. Pa.. May 16 
Struble, |oy Elizabeth. Lansing, Mich., 

May I 
Weaver, Herbert. Good Shepherd, 

Bradenton. Fla.. Nov. 8. 1997 

August 1999 Messenger 31 


Here's what attracted me 

When I wandered into First Church of the Brethren, 
Springfield, 111., about 15 years ago, it was love at 
first sight. I found the church through its peace witness. 
1 had gotten to know the pastor first when our newspa- 
per did a story on draft counseling and he was involved 
in that, and then later 1 worked with Tom Kinzie in peace 
groups protesting the US war against the Sandinistas in 
Nicaragua. I kept wondering what kind of a church 
would allow this radical peace activist to be its pastor, 
and pictured old hippies with barefoot kids. 

Like everything else I wanted to find out about, I 
decided the paper would do a story on this church. So I 
went one Sunday morning, and was real surprised to find 
a congregation of ordinary-looking people there, people 
of all ages, even some older people. They were all signing 
something on the back table — it was a petition for a 
nuclear weapons freeze. I was so impressed that older 
people were interested in these peace issues too. It was 
only later I found out that the Church of the Brethren 
identifies itself as an historic peace church. 1 had never 
heard of such a thing. 1 had been a Christian all my life, 
and became a peace activist during the Vietnam War, but 
I didn't know thei-e was a church that put them together. 

But it wasn't just the church's politics that attracted 
me. From the very first moment I felt welcome there. I 
enjoyed the easy informality of the congregation during 
the joys and concerns. The next Sunday I brought my 
young daughters, and they immediately liked the 
people — even my shy daughter was taken in. it was a 
community that cared about each other, and soon they 
cared about me. 

So 1 went back, and back. And gradually I learned that 
the Church of the Brethren valued the simple life. We had 
a study group that read Richard Foster's Celebration of 
Discipline, and I read everything I could get my hands on 
about simple living. 1 was attracted because my life had 
been anything but simple. I wanted to slow down and to 
live it well. I wanted to learn how to live better, and in 
that congregation I found many good role models for 
how to live. 

So those were the three values that attracted me to the 
Church of the Brethren: peace, simplicity, and com- 
munity. They would later be celebrated in our tag lines, 
"Peacefully. Simply. Together." I think those caught on 
so quickly because they resonated with our experience. 
These are the values that make our church stand out 

from all the rest. And these things that make us differen 
can help attract others to the Church of the Brethren, as 
was attracted to it. 

Now that 1 have been in the church awhile, I find tha 
while many would agree that these are core values, 
they often fade into the background of our life together. 
Often they seem more like hobbies we do in our spare 
time, rather than the niain things we're about. I would 
propose that we look tor new ways to put energy behind 
our core values. 

We need to be not only a historic peace church, but a 
peace church for today and for the future. With the US 
conducting bombing campaigns and schools erupting in 
violence, the time for a strong faith witness for peace is 
now. We must move our peace stance at every opportunity 
from passive non-participation to active nonviolence. We 
can become a school for nonviolence. When there is gross 
injustice, as there was in Kosovo, caring politicians start 
saying "We have to do something." But they only know or 
thing to do, just as many in our churches know only one 
thing to do — get out the guns and bombs. We have to offe 
them effective alternatives. 

Simple living is the core value we hear the least about 
I suppose it is partly because people who lead simple 
lives don't talk about it, it's just who they are. And it is 
partly because we fear the legalistic approach that tore 
the church apart years ago. Besides, we all feel somewh; 
guilty on this subject. But people are yearning for some 
one to show them how to live. Whenever they hear us s£ 
we offer "Another way of living" they are eager to know 
what it is. They know there must be a better way than 
they are living now. The reason we live simply is becaus 
lesus did, and because, just as he did, we seek first the 
kingdom of God. 

Finally, together. Community is the value we Brethrer 
cherish the most. We love one another and we do it well 
But ours is such a small community. We need to find ne 
ways to open the doors wider and welcome new strange: 
all the time. The point is we all have sinned and fallen 
short; there's something wrong with all of us or we 
wouldn't need God in our lives. We need to lower our 
admission standards, to welcome the poor of every kind 

If our church wants to grow again, it can't be all things 
all people. It needs a strong identity. It needs to be a peaci 
church, where simplicity and plain living are valued, and 
where everyone is welcome. — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messen(;er August 1999 

are the 

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i; _[ I I 1! 1 M E. N T C OM MUNI TY 

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(717) 569-2657 





800 Maple Avenue 

Harteysville. PA 19438 

(215) 256-9501 





■■ /■■-^^■',' ■■■'■■ " ■ ■. ■ 

in the mord are 

Brethren doing? 


^M ^ m m - 




Here are sin readily auailable channels to heep you in the hnoui. 


Since 1 85 1 , the flagship publication of the Church of the Brethren. 1 1 issues a year, 
$16.50. Group rates available. Wnte Messenger Subscriptions. 


Newsletter on denominational news and resources. Sent 10 times a year by the 
General Board free to designated congregational officials; for others, $10 a year. 
Write Agenda Subscriptions. 


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to pastor or contact person in each congregation. Available to others, $6 a year. 
Write Source Subscriptions. 


Round-up of denominational news every other week produced by General Board News 
Service. Sent without charge to e-mail and fax addresses. Contact 

Official Web site conveying news and information from six partner agencies 
of the Church of the Brethren. Visit the Web. 


Directory of agencies, districts, congregations, and ministers, along with annual statistical 
report, produced by Brethren Press. $18,50 plus s/h. Order from Brethren Press. 


Church of the Brethren General Board 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 

Jenny Stover '97 
McPherson College 


^* I I %■ 



#^f^A wholistic education is completed outside the walls of the 

/ \ classroom. Through the opportunities supported 

M \ by the college, I was able to extend myself and grow. 

I was involved with service projects, choir tours, travel abroad, 

church camp counseling and various on-campus organizations. 

One specific strength of a Brethren college is the smallness of the 
campus community. Having the opportunity to build close rela- 
tionships and develop interpersonal skills was an invaluable part 
of my learning. Now, as I pursue continued education in the social 
work field, I am grateful for the small-school experience and my 
multi-faceted education. 

I encourage prospective students and parents to explore 
a Brethren education. With financial aid, a private Brethren 
college is affordable. Cost no longer drives the decision. 
It becomes a consideration of value and quality. # #' 

At a private Brethren college, the small school environment 
allows you to grow. Personal attention from professors provides 
the support to achieve academic success. Participation in athlet- 
ics, activities and the arts opens you to new experiences and 
people. Studying abroad brings an understanding of cultural 
diversity and community service supports your role as a member 
of a global society. 

For more information about Brethren colleges 
visit our website: 

call: 1-800-323-8039 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News: Nevin Dulabaum 
Subscriptions: Vicki Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer; Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: Anas- 
tasia Santos Tena, a 
nine-year member 
of Iglesia de los Hermanos, the 
Church of the Brethren in the 
Dominican RepubUc, reads her 
Bible regularly as she seeks 
wisdom in her daily walk with 
Christ. Her inspiring story, 
"Living on faith," (page 21) is 
included in this month's exten- 
ve coverage of Church of the Brethren mission partnerships 
the Dominican Republic. The photograph is by Becky 
aile Crouse, an accomplished photographer and writer in 
idition to being mission coordinator. 



From the Publisher 


In Touch 






Turning Points 




10 Walking with the Dominicans 

A poor economy and devastation left by 
Hurricane Georges provide the context for 
a growing church in the Dominican 
Republic, lerry and Becky Baile Crouse, 
mission coordinators, write of their work 
as mission coordinators who are "walking 
with" the Dominicans, to help them learn 
more about the Church of the Brethren in 
the US. 

13 Special photo insert 

An eight-page color center section on the 
Dominican Republic depicts the devasta- 
tion of Hurricane Georges, the recovery 
and rebuilding efforts by the Church of the 
Brethren, and the fervor of new believers 
to share their faith. Copies of this section 
are available from Church of the Brethren 
Funding, 800-323-8039. 

24 Judy Mills Reimer's first year 

After one year on the job as executive 
director of the Church of the Brethren 
General Board, ludy Mills Reimer reflects 
on the joys and challenges of the position, 
discusses how she spends her time, and 
shares her ideas on how the church finds 
its vision for the future. A Messenger 
interview, by Fletcher Farrar. 

28 Letters, letters 

Letters to the editor flowed in this month on 
a variety of topics, including the ad for 
McPherson College which included a photo 
of a student wearing an Army shirt. Another 
writer objects to the new Ministerial Lead- 
ership paper, and a letter describes a fitting 
camp tribute to Ken Morse. 

September 1999 Messenger 1 


tta hmm 

Recently 1 did a little research in the Centennial Room at the Highland Avenue 
church. The Centennial Room is a Sunday school classroom that has been set 
aside this year to house congregational records. This way the dozens of church 
members who have been assigned articles about our history can do their research 
more efficiently. The encyclopedia-type articles are being published in a volume that 
will be completed just in time for the October 2 event that will be our congregation's 
100th birthday party. 

I had to take my 10-year-old daughter, Cassidy, with me as I did the research, and 
I suggested she bring something to amuse herself while I worked my way through 
the volumes of church council minutes. But somehow the musty smell wafting up 
from the yellowed pages must have worked its magic on her, because soon she was 
reading some of the materials herself. Occasionally I would comment on an intrigu- 
ing item in the minutes, and she in turn would ask me questions about what she was 

There were several papers lying on the table and after a while she picked up the top 
piece, which turned out to be a church newsletter from 1955. Back then the newslet- 
ter was written in microscopic type on a postcard (people had better eyesight back 
then, I guess). She was thrilled to see that the first words on the page announced 
that pastor W. Glenn McFadden had just welcomed his first grandchild, Daniel 
Glenn McFadden . . . who happens to be the father of Cassidy Glenn McFadden. 

Because of the nature of the Church of the Brethren, it's not that unusual in many 
of our congregations for today's children to find their own grandparents in the his- 
torical record. But what 1 think is more important about Cassidy's find is that her 
great-grandfather (whom she never knew) was also her spiritual ancestor. And each 
of us, even if we're not related to anyone else at church, can find spiritual grandpar- 
ents populating the unwritten stories of our congregations. 

I say unwritten, because the written record tends to be rather perfunctory. Lots of 
financial statements. Matter-of-fact reports of decisions made. It's as if this picture 
of the body shows only the skeleton. But occasionally one catches a glimpse of some- 
thing more than the bones, and then I can see that the real story has not been been 
captured in bound volumes. 

Eventually I had to close the books and put the files away. Cassidy asked if the 
Centennial Room was going to exist after our centennial year had come to a close. I 
didn't think so, I told her. "I think they should keep this room," she responded. "It's 
fun learning more about our congregation." 

One hundred years. The Highland Avenue congregation was born because 
Brethren Press chose Elgin, 111., for its home and because other denominational 
boards and agencies eventually followed suit. In one sense its history is written all 
across the Church of the Brethren. It's also written in the hearts of the children and 
adults who today call it their church family. 

How to reach us 


1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 



vroche_gb(§' ^ 
Phone: (847) 742-5100 I 

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Connect electronically: [ 

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your browser to http://www. i 

Messenger is now available o 
the World Wide Web at 

Messenger is the official publication of the Chun 
of the Brethren. Entered as periodical postage matt 
Aug. 20, 191 8, under ,Act of Congress of Oct. 1 
1917. Filing date, Nov. I, 1984. Member of tl 
Associated Church Press. Subscriber to Religic 
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quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are fro 
the New Revised Standard Version. Messenger 
published 1 1 times a year by Brethren Press. Chun 
of the Brethren General Board. Periodica! postaj 
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April 1998. Copyright 1998, Church of the Brethrf 
General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
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Printed on recycled paper 

2 Messenger September 1999 


Elmer and Averie Brumbaugh 

Brumbaughs celebrate 75th annhersaiy 

Elmer and Averie Brumbaugh celebrated their 75th wedding anniversary August 1 at 
the Kent (Ohio) Church of the Brethren with family and friends. A family celebration 
was held |uly 24. 

Elmer, 96, and Averie, 93, met in high school in Nelson, Ohio, and were married in 
1924 by Elmer's father, the Rev. T.A. Brumbaugh. They have three daughters: Elise Hart 
of Florida, Esther Domer of Ohio, and |une Leadam of California. They have 1 2 grand- 
children, 26 great grandchildren, and 1 great, great grandchild. 

The Brumbaughs managed receiving homes for young boys and girls in the 1930s and 
also served as foster parents for many troubled boys. Elmer was a probation officer for 
20 years and worked as a youth counselor for Church Women United in Akron for 20 
years. Averie worked with disabled children from 1950 to 1970. 

Elmer was ordained to the ministry in 1934. He has served as interim pastor at a 
number of churches within the Northeast Ohio District, and served as part-time pastor of 
the Kent Church of the Brethren from 1945 to 1 960. He returned there as part-time 
pastor from 1970 to 1977. Today he is the oldest living pastor in the Northeast Ohio Dis- 

Admired by countless friends gathered over the years, the Brumbaughs enjoy their 
senior years living in Kent, and continue to worship at the Kent Church of the 
Brethren. — Rose Hyre 

Events all year mark 
Ephrata centennial 

The Ephrata (Pa.) Church 
of the Brethren is celebrat- 
ing its 100th anniversary 
this year. Various activities 
have been scheduled each 
month, including a tradi- 
tional service with old 
forms of worship and 

clothing, a Brethren Her- 
itage weekend with slide 
lectures by Dr. Donald 
Durnbaugh, Alexander 
Mack impersonations, 
tours of early Brethren 
sites, an old-fashioned 
family picnic, musical pro- 
grams and Sunday 
morning messages by 
former pastors. A Septem- 

ber homecoming event 
featured Guy Wampler and 
Albert Sauls as speakers. 
A 200-page congrega- 
tional history, Keeping the 
Embers Aglow, was 
authored by Charles 
Bieber, pastor emeritus. 
For more information con- 
tact Mary Becker at 

September 1999 Messenger 3 


Internet ministry aids 
Alzheimer caregivers 

Since his wife, Peggy, died 
of Alzheimer's disease two 
years ago, Dr. Franklin K. 
Cassel, a member of the 
Lititz (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, has devoted much 
of his time to an Internet 
ministry to help Alzheimer 

"I spend hours a day 
counseling caregivers who 
share their problems and 
ask questions," Cassel told 
the local newspaper. "I give 
specific counsel by e-mail- 
ing a message to an 
individual mailbox. Or, I 
can post an answer that 
goes to everyone who logs 
onto the site." 

Cassel's advice comes 
from years of caring for his 
wife, visiting her in a nurs- 
ing center three times a 
day. He would help her do 
exercises, "and many times 
each day I would make it 
clear to Peggy that I loved 
her. And not only by words. 
I'd bring her flowers as 
often as I could." 

Cassel has produced a 
book and a video called 
"Flowers for Peggy" with 
help for Alzheimer care- 
givers. Those interested in 
purchasing the book ($2 
including postage) or the 
video ($7 including 
postage) may write to Cas- 
sell at 3001 Lititz Pike, 
Lancaster, PA 17606. For 
information on his Internet 
ministry, e-mail him at 

Standing together /ro/n left: }ohn and Anita Heatwole, Waynesboro. Va.: Ken Heatwole, 
Richmond. Va.: and Mil<e Fike. Morgantown, W.Va. 

Sening on Standing Committee a family tradition 

Members of the Heatwole family have been serving the denomination as delegates to 
Standing Committee for over two decades. |ohn Heatwole and Anita Heatwole from 
the Waynesboro, Va., congregation served three terms. John's two terms were in 1977-78 
and 1 994-96; Anita's term was 1 982-83. Their son. Ken, from the West Richmond 
church, Richmond, Va., is the newest member of Standing Committee from Virlina Dis- 
trict and will serve from 1 999-200 1 . Son-in-law Mike Fike from the Morgantown, W.Va., 
congregation has served as a Standing Committee delegate for three terms: a two-year 
term in the 1980s and is currently in his sixth year of two consecutive three-year terms, 
in addition, Mike's grandfather, the late Ezra Fike, and his father, the late Galen Fike, 
also served several terms each as Standing Committee delegates from the West Marva 
District. Mike's mother, Lorraine, also served one term in the 1970s. 

Ken Heatwole and Annual Conference Moderator Emily Mumma are planning to pro- 
vide a forum for exchange of ideas and feedback on Nov. 1 2 at the Virlina District 
Conference. — |ulie M. Hostetter 

Sixth denomination 
joins Encyclopedia 

Membership of the 
Brethren Encyclopedia has 
been expanded to include a 
sixth denomination — the 
Conservative Grace 
Brethren Churches. Estab- 
lished in 1979, the Brethren 
Encyclopedia was incorpo- 
rated to "compile, publish, 
and distribute an encyclo- 
pedia covering all aspects 
of Brethren life, belief. 

practice, and history and 
other works of interest...." 
Other partner denomina- 
tions include the Church of 
the Brethren, Old German 
Baptist Brethren. Dunkard 
Brethren, the Brethren 
Church, and Fellowship of 
Grace Brethren Churches. 
Work on a fourth ency- 
clopedia volume is 
currently under way. Set to 
be released in 2000, this 
resource will include addi- 
tions and corrections to the 

first three volumes (pub- 
lished in 1983-1984), new 
articles on topics that have 
emerged since 1980, and a 
comprehensive index. 

BRF marks 40th year 
with special issue 

Brethren Revival Fellowship 
turns 40 this year and a 
special issue of BRF Wit- 
ness, the BRF newsletter, 
focuses on the movement 

4 Messenger September 1999 

past, present, and future. 
Nine pages of the 1 6-page 
document reflect on the 
anniversary, incorporated 
in an article by Harold 
Martin titled "Brethren 
Revival Fellowship: A 
Loyal Concern Move- 

According to the Brethren 
Encyclopedia, the BRF is "a 
Imovement within the 
Church of the Brethren 

seeking to call the denomi- 
nation to a firm stand for 
the authority of the Scrip- 
tures and to an emphasis 
upon the teachings of the 
New Testament as they have 
been historically understood 
by the Brethren." It started 
following the 1959 Annual 
Conference in Ocean 
Grove, N.|. For more infor- 
mation, contact Harold 
Martin at 717-225-4184. 

Remembering Tomiii Harada, 
Hiroshima's man of peace 

Last February I accepted the World Friendship Center's 
invitation to become a member of the PAX (Peace 
Ambassador eXchange) 1999 delegation to |apan. High on 
my expectations was the opportunity to meet once more our 
good friend Dr. Tomin Harada. Our delegation was to leave 
|uly 24. So, it was with great disappointment when at 
Annual Conference I learned he had died just the week 
before. He was 87 years of age, and probably the best 
iknown and loved physician in Hiroshima. He was also one 
of our best peace ambassadors. 

To those of us who had served at the World Friendship 
iCenter, Dr. Harada was a close friend, our personal physi- 
cian who provided his services without charge, and actual 
or honorary director of the WFC. To thousands of survivors 
of the A-bomb, he was their doctor who worked long hours 
trying to heal their scarred bodies. To Norman Cousins he 
was a personal friend who, in 1955, accompanied the 25 
Japanese hibakusha (A-bomb survivors) to the US for plas- 
tic surgery at Sinai Hospital in New York City. To 
Hiroshima musicians he was cofounder of the Hiroshima 
Symphonic Orchestra. To sports fans in Hiroshima he was 
the one who helped organize the Carps professional baseball 
team because he thought Hiroshima residents deserved 
some fun after all their anguish. To rose gardeners around 
the world he was an expert grower who developed such 
varieties as the Hiroshima and Peace roses. 

Even though Dr. Harada had been a physician in the 
Japanese army in Taiwan, his overriding interest was in 
peace. His eighth and final book, written in 1998, is enti- 
tled, Moments of Peace. He was impressed by Dr. Albert 
Schweitzer and did his best to reflect Schweitzer's respect 
for all life, be it human or roses. He said he found his 
"moments of peace" in ministering to the needs of his 

When Dr. Harada saw the condition of my old bicycle, he 
gave me his own, which at 79 years he did not use a great 

Grace E. Groff, with Robert Lau. composer. 

Groff honored for 50 years 
as Palmyra organist 

In June the Palmyra (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren conducted a special Service of Recog- 
nition to honor Grace Espenshade Groff's 50 
years as assistant organist and organist. 

A highlight of the service was the presentation 
of two organ compositions which the congrega- 
tion had commissioned for Grace to celebrate 
the occasion. Composed by Robert Lau, director 
of music at Mount Calvary Episcopal Church in 
Camp Hill, Pa., the pieces were based on two 
beloved Brethren hymns, "On the Radiant 
Threshold," and "Move in Our Midst." Lau 
debuted the pieces at the organ. 

Groff, who was Annual Conference organist in 
Wichita, Kan., in 1994, continues as organist at 

deal. When my wife was suffering from a heart condition, 
he had us taxied to his home at midnight. When the World 
Friendship Center needed counsel, he shared freely from his 
vast experience. Even while his second wife, like the first, 
was dying of cancer, he remained calm and at peace with 
life. When he diagnosed himself as having leukopenia, he 
explained it professionally, and serenely. He died, as he 
lived, in a "moment of peace." He will be missed by many. 
But, I am sure he would say the greatest memorial we can 
give in his memory would be to continue to carry the torch 
of peace. — D. Eugene Lichty, McPherson, Kan. 

September 1999 Messenger 5 

A cloud lifted: Executive Director Judy 
Mills Reimer. on one of her frequent 
visits to New Windsor. Md., with Stan 
Noffsinger. left, who has been named 
coordinator of the Brethren Service 
Center, and Joe Buss, manager of the 
Conference Center. 

New Windsor gets a new 
long-term lease on life 

The Brethren Service Center at New 
Windsor, Md., and ministries based 
there, including Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries and the 
New Windsor Conference Center, in 
August officially were removed from 
the General Board's "endangered 
species list." The Board's executive 
committee has affirmed that the 
center and its ministries are in the 
Board's long-term plan. 

During the Board's redesign — a 
major overhaul of ministries and staff 
configuration that was mostly con- 
cluded by )uly 1997 — questions were 
raised about whether the Board should 
maintain more than one large facility. 
Although no preference was cited 
between the Brethren Service Center 
and the General Offices facility in 
Elgin, 111., the situation at New Wind- 

sor appeared to be more tenuous. 

One nonprofit tenant, Heifer Pro- , 
ject International, closed its eastern 
regional office at New Windsor 
about two years ago, although the 
closure had nothing to do with the 
Board's redesign. 

Today three additional nonprofit 
tenants remain — Interchurch Med- 
ical Assistance and two former 
General Board ministries — On 
Earth Peace Assembly and SERRV 
International. These latter two agen- 
cies have made it clear they intend to 
explore relocation options. 

Furthermore, the Board during 
redesign also stated that a decision 
whether to continue or close the New 
Windsor Conference Center would 
have to be made by |an. 1 , 2000, based 
on the center's financial stability. 

Nevertheless, IMA continues to be 
a firm tenant and the Board's 
ER/SM has many service-related 
contracts with other relief agencies, 
such as Church World Service, 
Lutheran World Relief, and the 
American Red Cross. And over the 
past two years the Conference 
Center's financial status has 
improved. With all of these variables 
and uncertainty, and with |an. 1 
looming increasingly closer, there 
had been much speculation about the 
future of the New Windsor facility 
and its ministries. 

That ended in an Aug. 1 3 letter to 
General Board members, sent by 
Mary )o Flory-Steury, Board chair, 
and ludy Mills Reimer, executive 
director. In that letter the two state 
that the Board's executive commit- 
tee, after studying and consulting, 
had affirmed that the center would 

6 Messenger September 1999 

emain open and that the ministries 
/ould stay put. 
Furthermore, they announced that 

I addition to serving as ER/SM 
aanager, Stan Noffsinger has been 
iamed coordinator of the Brethren 

ervice Center. While that doesn't 
nean that all New Windsor-based 
mployees will report to him, it does 
riean that Noffsinger will coordinate 

II aspects of running the service 
enter, in this role he will report 
iirectly to Reimer. 

Reimer said that the Board will 
/ork to maintain its current tenants 
nd will reach out to other agencies 
p help provide the Service Center 
Wth a sustainable future. "We see 
his as a proactive stance," Reimer 
aid. "We started about six months 
go approaching agencies here and 
ithers to come and join us at this 
»eautiful campus." 

Church responds to 
earthquake and drought 

n response to the devastating 
\.ugust earthquake in Turkey, the 
jeneral Board's Emergency 
lesponse/Service Ministries staff at 
he Brethren Service Center in New 
fVindsor, Md., prepared seven trailer 
bads of blankets and plastic tarps to 
be shipped immediately. In addition, 
he Church of the Brethren 
innounced on August 24 that it is 
ending an initial $25,000 Emer- 
gency Disaster Grant to assist an 
ecumenical humanitarian assistance 

Also, in an attempt to better under- 
stand the impact of the drought that 
las affected a large portion of the 

eastern United States this summer, 
ER/SM has invited executives and 
disaster coordinators from Church of 
the Brethren districts in Pennsylva- 
nia, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, 
and West Virginia to convene at the 
Brethren Service Center, New Wind- 
sor, Md., on Aug. 26th. 

"It is our hope to hear assessments 
from our district coordinators and to 
consider ways in which ER/SM and 
the Brethren Service Center can pre- 
pare to respond if called on in the 
coming months to the wide geo- 
graphic drought," said Noffsinger. 

Two Global Food Crisis grants 
totaling $30,000 have been allocated 
by the General Board for work in the 
Caribbean and the United States — 

• $20,000 for emergency food aid 
for families in the Dominican Repub- 
lic. The monies will help purchase 
two months' worth of food supplies 
for 275 families. The aid will be dis- 
tributed by COTEDO, the Church of 
the Brethren's ecumenical partner in 
the Dominican Republic. 

• $10,000 for Harrisburg (Pa.) 
First Church of the Brethren to assist 
in the development of a thrift shop to 
serve the poor. Profits from the shop 
will support First Church's other 
community ministries. 

A $5,000 grant from the Emer- 
gency Disaster Fund has been 
allocated in response to a tornado 
that struck Lewiston, Minn., on |uly 
13. Because the disaster was rela- 
tively small-scale — $1.8 million in 
damage including 1 5 homes beyond 
repair — the town does not qualify 
for federal assistance. Nevertheless, 
only about 60 percent of the damage 
is covered by insurance. The EDF 

funds, which were requested by Stan 
Noffsinger of ER/SM, will be sent to 
Lewiston's Economic Development 
Authority for long-term recovery 
projects. A local bank has promised a 
matching grant, thus doubling the 

A grant of up to $20,000 has been 
allocated from the General Board's 
Emergency Disaster Fund for the 
purchase of two disaster recovery 
vehicles for Emergency 
Response/Service Ministries. In 
addition to EDF funds, Mid-Atlantic 
District will contribute approxi- 
mately $24,000 for the purchase of 
these vehicles. 

An Emergency Disaster Fund grant 
of $ 1 5,000 was allocated Aug. 1 2 to 
provide additional support for the 
General Board's Emergency 
Response/Disaster Services project 
in Haysville, Kan., a town devastated 
earlier this year by tornadoes. 

"Iowa kids" reach out to sister 
church in inner-city Chicago 

For the fifth consecutive year, a 
workgroup from Panther Creek 
Church of the Brethren, Adel, Iowa, 
traveled to Chicago to clean, make 
repairs, and help lead Vacation Bible 
School at Douglas Park Church of 
the Brethren. Seventeen youth and 
adults, who had raised $1,200 to 
purchase supplies for the inner-city 
congregation, participated. 

During previous visits. Panther 
Creek members painted the ceiling, 
put up railings in front and back 
basement stairs, replaced walls, fixed 
doors, changed electrical outlets, 
remodeled the kitchen, took out 

September 1999 Messenger 7 

chairs, and taught Vacation Bible 
school, said lean Keith, Douglas 
Park co-pastor. 

"They have lesson plans and crafts 
and teaching teams organized before 
they get here," Keith said. "They 
really reach out to the kids in the 
neighborhood, which is truly spread- 
ing the good news of the gospel 
because they reach out in love. The 
Towa Kids' are known in the neigh- 
borhood and bring such energy and 
enthusiasm that it can't help but give 
us a boost and revitalize us." 

Tubbs return to Nigeria 
in new mission role 

John and |anet Tubbs returned to 
Nigeria on August 1 8 for a third 
two-year term of service through the 
General Board's Global Mission 
Partnerships office. Their assignment 
shifts from teaching and administra- 
tion at the Mason Technical School 
in Garkida to a broader assignment 
as mission coordinators. 

They will seek to strengthen rela- 
tions between the Church of the 
Brethren and Ekklesiyar Yan'uwa a 
Nigeria (the Church of the Brethren 
in Nigeria) through greater visibility 
and access to EYN members, and 
provide increased support to the 
handful of Brethren workers in Nige- 
ria. The work that they've been doing 
at the tech school for the past four 
years will now be filled by EYN 

"The broader role is for |ohn and 
lanet to become more involved in the 
life of the Nigerian church," said 
Merv Keeney, Global Mission Part- 
nerships director. 

During their summer furlough in 
the US, the Tubbs attended Annual 
Conference and talked about the 
Nigeria mission in Church of the 
Brethren congregations in Pennsylva- 

nia, Indiana, Nebraska, Missouri, 
and Colorado. 

Nigeria church leader meets 
with newly elected president 

Toma Ragnjiya, president of Ekklesi- 
yar Yan'uwa a Nigeria (Church of 
the Brethren in Nigeria) was one of 
10 church leaders from northern 
Nigeria invited to meet with Oluse- 
gun Obasanjo, the country's new 
democratically elected leader, on 
lune 10. 

Ragnjiya said the transition from 
military to civilian rule has gone 
smoothly and that many Nigerians 
are pleased "God has given us a ded- 
icated and committed Christian as 
president." He also has noted the 
new president's prompt steps against 
corruption and other actions to begin 
to deal with the country's problems. 
The EYN church leader also called 
for US Brethren to pray for the new 
Nigerian president. 

Staff changes 

Nevin Dulabaum has resigned as 
Newsline editor and as manager of 
News Services for the General 
Board, effective Aug. 27. On Sept. 6 
he joins Brethren Benefit Trust as 
manager of marketing and public 
relations. He will continue working 
from the Church of the Brethren 
General Offices in Elgin, III. 
In addition to the Newsline 
responsibilities he's held since join- 
ing the Board in November 1994, 
Dulabaum has also served as co- 
editor of Agenda newsletter for 
Brethren leaders. Erom November 
1994 to |uly 1997, he served as man- 
aging editor of Messenger 
magazine, and since November 1996 
he has served as administrator of, the denomina- 

tions Web site. 

Walt Wiltscheck, associate pastor 
at Westminster (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren, has agreed to serve as 
Newsline's interim writer/editor 
until a new manager of news service 
has been hired by the General Boarc 

Wiltschek is a former newspaper 
reporter at the York (Pa.) Daily 
Record who has written articles for 
Newsline and Messenger. He also 
served on Brethren Press" Communi 
cation Team at National Youth 
Conference 1998 and Annual Con- 
ferences 1998 and 1999. 

R. Thomas Fralin Jr. has been 
called as interim executive of Mid- 
Atlantic District, effective Sept. 1. Ii 
August Fralin is retiring from 
Brownsville (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren, where he has served for 21 
years. Previously he served churches 
in the Shenandoah and Virlina dis- 
tricts totaling 33 years. 

Margie Paris has resigned as coor 
dinator of the Church of the 
Brethren Yearbook. She then trans- 
fers from Brethren Press to the 
General Board's ministry office 
where she will serve as secretary to 
Allen Hansell, ministry director. 
Paris joined the General Board in 
1989 as assistant yearbook coordina 
tor; she was named coordinator in 

Fifth "Dancing" conference 
draws 150 in Milwaukee 

The fifth annual "Dancing" confer- 
ence sponsored by Brethren 
Mennonite Council for Lesbian and 
Gay Concerns, Christian Peacemake 
Teams, Global Women's Project, 
Supportive Congregations Network, 
and Womaen's Caucus was held |un( 
25-27 in Milwaukee, Wis. The event 
drew over 1 50 participants. 
"Leading the Dance: Living the 

8 Messenger September 1999 

Church Re-imagined," served as this 
year's theme for the weeicend of wor- 
ship, fellowship, conversation, and 

"Worship centered around a rainbow 
staff of inclusion with litanies pro- 
claiming an extravagant and dancing 
God," said participant Barb Sayler. 
"People were encouraged to re-imag- 
ine the church as a graced, safe space 
and to respond to a call to search for 
truth, to share stories and songs, and 
to prepare a place where justice and 
peace can join hands and dance." 

Worship also included time for 
people to share stories of their cele- 
brations and lamentations of the past 
year, their thoughts and reflections on 
the present, and their hopes and aspi- 
rations for the future, Sayler said. 

There were two opportunities for 
gathering in conversation circles. 
Topics discussed included a possible 
Church of the Brethren name 
change, the in-process merger of the 
two Mennonite churches, how to 
include the excluders, talking to chil- 
dren and youth about diversity, and 
the issues facing open and affirming 

"Participants left the weekend feel- 
ing inspired and refreshed as they 
reimagined a church of uncondi- 
tional love, inclusiveness, and 
integrity," Sayler said, 
ginia, and Indiana camps. 

Dan West's daughter joins 
Heifer Project staff 

Janet West Schrock has been called 
as church and community relations 
director for Heifer Project Interna- 
tional. HPI, a nonprofit development 
organization that works worldwide 
to alleviate hunger and poverty 
through the gift of livestock and 
training in its care, was founded by 

Schrock's father, Dan West. West 
envisioned the organization while 
serving as a Church of the Brethren 
relief worker during the Spanish 
Civil War. 

Previously Schrock had served as 
director of special projects for the 
National Council of Churches Ecu- 
menical Program for Urban 
Service/Americorps in New York 
City. Prior to that she served as 
director of Brethren Volunteer Ser- 
vice. Her background also includes 
28 years in the field of education, 

including service as a classroom 
teacher, special needs teacher, and 
administrator in the United States 
and abroad. 

"I am so pleased to become a part 
of this organization that was founded 
by my father over 50 years ago," said 
Schrock. "I firmly believe, as he did, 
that peace will come and hunger will 
go when we, as people of faith, live 
as one global family." 

HPI currently supports over 300 
projects in 40 countries, including 
the US. 

(X. I^SSSSIil 



) '^ 

■1 > ♦'' 

/ i ! : 

ptiaU 3i^-H4 '6H5i«w Ui M>«* tith Ifftaf^'f 

"Imagine a new vjor\A... paradise regained" states this poignant drawing by Deb 
Morris of Charlottesville. Va. 

Anti-landmine posters: The 1999 Youth Peace Travel Team's lO-week summer 
task was to attend Church of the Brethren camps, assisting camp staff and 
teaching campers about peace. The team decided to focus on the horrors of 
the more than 100 million landmines that are sowed throughout the world. 
which kill or maim 26,000 people each year Instead of asking campers 
merely to write letters to President Clinton asking him to sign an 
international landmine treaty, they decided to ask the kids to draw their 
letters of protest instead. Here is one of the 150 pictures the team 
acquired during its stops at Illinois. Ohio. Virginia, and Indiana camps. 

September 1999 Messenger 9 

ission lAiorkers 

encounter a poor 
economy and 

a church 

rich in spirit 

»Y tliLUiiY A\'i> Bkcky Baile Cuoijsii: 

Rebuilding after Hurricane Georges included local church 
ineinbers digging latrines during a June workcamp. 
Observing, left to right, are San Luis Pastor Isaias Santos 
Tena. Mission Coordinator ferry Crouse. Jacob Crouse. 
Wayne Sutton of the Miami First Church of the Brethren, 
and San lose Pastor Manuel Miguel Tena. 


ourism and unemploy- 

ment. Sugar cane and 
malnutrition. Lush 


^^B valleys of fruits and 
^^H vegetables and 
^^H^ poverty. Internet 
access and inadequate electrical 
Jjsupply. Cell phones and no indoor 
plumbing. The Dominican Republic 
is a nation of contrasts. The changes 
taking place in this developing coun- 
try are immense in their impact on 
families and the church. 

In |une of 1999, the Dominican 
go\ernment received $90 million 
from the World Bank and the Inter- 
American Bank of Development for 
the funding of several important 
development projects to strengthen 
the country's stability. Another $110 
million is expected to flow into the 
country through other international 
organizations, with an aim to help 
reverse the trend of the country 
paying out more capital than it has 
received. This money is in addition 

to the $215 million borrowed by the 
Dominican government to rebuild 
roads and bridges following Hurri- 
cane Georges, which severely 
damaged much of the country in the 
fall of 1998. This borrowed money 
will increase the already burdensome 
national debt. 

A strike at the end of May by vari- 
ous labor unions called attention to 
the struggle of the country's working 
class whose economic buying power 
continues to be reduced by low 
wages and high prices. Oxfam Inter- 
national states in its April 1997 
report, "Debt repayments have 
meant health centers without drugs 
and trained staff, schools without 
basic teaching equipment, and the 
collapse of agricultural extension 
services. . . . For many millions of 
families in poor villages and urban 
slums, the daily consequence is that 
they are unable to maintain health 
and nutritional standards, and 
unable to keep their children in 


A book entitled Living in Santo 
Domingo, published in 1998, esti- 
mates that the cost of living in the 
capital city for a family of five living 
a US middle-class lifestyle is compa- 
rable to that of a couple earning 
$50,000 dollars a year in a midwest- 
ern US city. It is possible, the book 
adds, for a single person living an 
austere life to get by on $700 a 
month ($8,400 a year). 

With the per capita income of 
$1,600 per year, how do working 
class Dominicans making $8 a day 
manage to support a household? 
Some sell things to fellow workers, 
run some kind of business at home, 
hold multiple jobs, or are fortunate 
enough to have a relative who sends 
monthly checks from abroad. 

The Dominican Republic receives 
$1.1 billion annually from Domini- 
cans living in the US. This income is 
just above that of the tourism indus- 
try, which produces $1 billion in 

September 1999 Messenger 1 1 


Pray that God's will and the movement of the Holy Spirit 
will be evident in the lives of the pastors, members, and 
US Brethren as they work together for the upbuilding of 
the church. Pray for the Grouses in their work as mission 
coordinators. You may contact them c/o Lynx Air SD-DR, 
PO. Box 407052, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33340, tel. & fax: 
809-560-6142, e-mail: do. 

Seek to be one in Spirit with our Dominican sisters and 
brothers by being centered in Ghrist, a Bible reader, con- 
stant in prayer, active in your congregation, a doer of the 
will of God, and by sharing the good news of Jesus 
Christ and His love with others in your community. 

Develop a mutual relationship with some of the Domini- 
can Brethren through participation in a workcamp or by 
supporting someone who can come to work alongside 
them in disaster response, church building, or other pro- 
jects. Volunteer to host Dominican church members 
when they have the opportunity to visit the US. Read 
about developing mission partnerships and interdepen- 
dence with sister churches of other cultures. 

Advocate for structural changes in the world economy 
that will benefit the poor. Read The Globalization of 
Hope, recently published by the Ecumenical Program on 
Central America and the Caribbean, which suggests 
numerous ways of working for economic justice for the 
poor in the region. Order from EPICA, 1470 Irving Street, 
NW, Washington, DC 20010, tel. 202-332-0292, e-mail: 

Learn more about the Dominican Republic and its his- 
tory. Check out Internet Websites. Read the novel In the 
Time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez, which vividly 
describes life during the 30-year dictatorship of Trujillo. 

Support the General Board mission work in the Domini- 
can Republic through your regular prayers and financial 
gifts. Contact the office of Global Mission Partnerships 
at 800-323-8039 for more information. 

income annually. Large numbers of 
Dominicans spend years working 
abroad to earn money and then 
return to the island to raise their 
families. The country has a popula- 
tion of 7.9 million inhabitants, while 
at the same time 1 million Domini- 
cans reside in New York City. 

The difficult economic situation of 
the poor negatively impacts family 
life. Many women come into the city 
for the week to work as housekeep- 
ers for middle-class families. They 
earn about $50 to $60 a week and 
leave their children behind with 
family members or friends. Others 
work in assembly plants with long 
hours and poor wages (see"Living on 
Faith, page 21). Unemployment 
stands at 16 percent nationally, but 
soars up to 80 percent in some areas 
of the country where jobs are scarce. 

When asked for his perspective on 
the economic issues here, Alcides 
Collado, director of project planning 
for COTEDO (Commission of 
Dominican Ecumenical Work) noted 
that the Dominican Republic 
recorded the second highest rate of 
economic growth in the world during 
1998 (7 percent). 

"And yet," Collado added, "the 
economic status of the majority of 
Dominicans worsened last year." 
Why? "The economic structures here 
have never been oriented toward the 
benefit of our citizens, but rather 
toward furthering the interests of 
other nations. The 7 percent growth 
last year primarily elevated the rich 
and benefited the capacity and 
investment of the foreign investors," 
Collado answered. 

Election campaigns are underway 
for the next president, who will be 
selected in May of 2000. The 
Dominican government is a repre- 
sentative democracy modeled after 
the US system with two chambers, 
the Senate and the Chamber of 
Deputies. While there are about 20 
political parties, only three play a 
significant role in political life. 
(continued on page 21) 

1 2 Messenger September 1999 


Building the 

Church of the 

Brethren in 

the Dominican 



Produced by Howard E. Royer 

^ Wft^ 

Safifo^oTfiingef ' 

Upon losing 
their home to 
Georges, a San 
Luis family 
took refuge in 
Prince of Peace 
Impressed by 
such hospitality, 
they joined the 
church. This 
spring they 
moved into this 
new home and 
now are helping 
a neighbor 
build a house. 

Cover photos: Center 
and nght (second from 
top), David Radcliff. 
Others, Jeff Leard. 

altered the 




When Huiricine Georges 
unleashed its fury on the 
Caribbean m September 
U^'^JH, virtually every com- 
munity on the Dominican 
Republic's lower side suf- 
fered drastic losses. Whole 
towns and barrios were 
wiped out, crops ravaged, 
top soil washed away, even 
the courses oi rivers 
altered. Dominicans were 
devastated economically 
and nutritionally. 

For a host ot Brethren 
communities — San |uan, 
Azua, Viajama, Tabara Abajo, 
Paraiso — recovery trom the 
wind and Hoods has been a 
long haul. Residents want to 
distance themselves trom 
normally placid streams they 
have seen turned into ram- 

paging rivers. The entire vil- 
lage of Viajama is seeking to 
relocate to higher ground 1 
kilometers away. 

To hasten recoveiy from 
the hurricane in Puerto Rico 
and the Dominican Republic, 
the Church ot the Brethren 
Emergency Disaster Fund and 
Global Food Crisis Fund have 
issued grants ot a third ot a 
million dollars. Iglesia de los 
Hermanos has been strength- 
ened by this support of the 
wider church. The rebuilding 
work of Dominican Brethren 
has helped draw new mem- 
bers, neighbors moved by 
what Luis Mariano Ogando, 
president of the Conference ot 
Churches Board, describes as 
"the gospel preached with 
practice. ' 

14 Messenger September 1999 

One of the most devastating long-term effects of Hurricane Georges was to wash away tillable soil and leave only fields of brush and stone. 

Becky B.3ile Crousf 

-~^- \ \ wm 

'\^}^:M' :: ^./^ 

At Azua. a worker helps stake out foundations for 32 houses. 

Each future occupant family is required to assist with the construction. 

September 1999 MESSENGER 15 

the cause 
of Dominicans 
of Haitian 


Providing sugar 
cane communi- 
ties with med- 
ical care for 
two years is Dr. 
Hllcias Ricardo 
of the Peniel 

The hot and dirty work of 
cutting and processing 
sugar cane in rhe 
Dominican Repubhc has 
fallen to Haitian immi- 
grants. Cane workers and 
their families have been 
housed on government- 
owned plantations in com- 
munities called bateyes 
(pronouced bataiyas). But 
now as the sugar industry 
moves toward privatization, 
the government is selling its 
property and leaving the 
bateyes without schools and 
health services. 

Compounding the plight 
of the bateyes and Haitian 
laborers Rirther are the crop 
and job losses suffered from 
the hurricane. One sugar mill 

diat closed left 12,000 labor- 
ers unemployed. 

Moreover, Dominicans 
of Haitian descent often 
lack proof of legal residency. 
Many speak Creole. 
Outside the bateyes, they 
are mistrusted and abused. 

Iglesia de los 
Hermanos embraces 
Dominican Haitians and 
has three churches that 
worship in Creole. It works 
with COTEDO, the 
Commission of Dominican 
Ecumenical Work, in pro- 
viding food and medical 
assistance. Its ministry in 
the bateyes testifies to the 
power of the gospel to 
transcend race, language, 
and culture. 

When the hurricane destroyed the sugar cane plant 

"''--■^'^'■i'^j^^!^ 'A^^j^^^^a^^ 

^r^p-,^ f-^-.^' 



At Viaiama, Georges left this schoolyard a rock gar 

16 Messenger September 1999 

01 or Isaias Santos Tena found many in his church without a means of livelihood 

The Grouses greet Prince of Peace members at San Luis. 

•jj';'i-;'-;\^.v:;-. ■■'^^ ■■■■;,■■ -■^'^r- 


.. r/?f^ ^^-i-' '-ii' >',-■ ■.-, V -'•.-, . ,= '^ . •..;•-'■, 


Mission in the making — Jerry Grouse puts listening first. 

cstream converged with three other streams to become a mighty torrent. 

September 1999 MESSENGER I 7 

In Christ, 
are drawn 
spiritually as 


Becly BaileCrouse 


Youth have a key role in the church's annual assembly. 

To make disciples is the 
expressed goal of Iglesia de 
los Hermanos, a task that 
engages both pastors and 
laity in preaching the 
gospel, teaching the word, 
and glorifying Jesus as Lord 
and Savior. 

Youth especially bring 
vigor to the mission enter- 
prise. A typical congrega- 
tion holds special youth 
services on Saturday night. 
But in a number of congre- 
gations the yotith groups do 
not just settle for people 
coming to the church; the 
youth mobilize outreach 
missions to neighboring 
towns, there to fan out in 

groups to conduct open-air 
services on several streets 

As the chtirches grow, 
larger and improved meet- 
ingplaces are needed, and the 
Church of the Brethren in 
the US and Puerto Rico has 
helped Dominicans build 10 
new places ot" worship. Yet 
while new members and new 
buildings and new outposts 
ot service and witness are 
sttategic, what excites the 
Dominicans most is that, as 
the apostle Paul wtote to the 
church at Ephesus (2:22), 
they are being "built together 
spiritually into a dwelling 
place for God." 


18 Messenger September 1999 

Newly constructed LaVida Verdadera Church at Tabara Aba|0- 

Pastor Manuel Cuevas at the original church at Tabara Aba|0. 


The two-story church at Guaricanos was dedicated in 1 998. 

n a mission: youth from True Life church in Tabara Abajo take their witness to outlying towns. 

Luis Mariano Ogando baptizing at Chalona preaching point. 

September 1999 MESSENGER 19 

Tb work 
and walk 
with others 
is to receive 
from them 


Former moder- 
ator and 
Guaricanos pas- 
tor Angelica 
Beriguette and 
mission staff 
Becl<y Baile 

Brethren in the US and 
Puerto Rico have much to 
receive from their young 
partners in mission. To 
wori< and walk with sisters 
and brothers in the 
Dominican RepubUc is to 
receive from them, person 
to person and heart to heart. 

The encounters come in 
diverse ways: evangelistic out- 
reach, ministry training, 
exchange visits, medical serv- 
ices, food distribution, disaster 
cleanup, reconstruction aiid, 
foremost, vibrant worship. All 
who give attest freely and joy- 
ously to how much they have 
been given in return. 

This is the hallmark of 
world mission today. 

Volunteers from states, Puerto Rico have helped build 10 new churches. 

Executive Board and Brethren Academy review ministry training plans. 

20 Messenger September 1999 

(continued from page 12) 
Corruption and catering to the rich 
continues to be a plague on the road 
to true democratization. Though 
there is evidence of a growing middle 
class, the majority of the population 
continues to struggle for basic food 
supplies, and many live in one-room 
shacks without running water or 
electricity. Access to clean drinking 
water continues to be a problem in 
many areas of the country. Violence 
and robberies are on the rise. 

Evidence of the contrast between 
the rich and the poor are the many 
new US fast-food chain restaurants 
that have sprung up around the city 
during the past 5 years. One can buy 
a "combo" meal for about $5, which 
would be two thirds of a daily wage 
for the typical Dominican laborer. 

fBlhe majority of the members of 
M. the Church of the Brethren in the 
Dominican Republic are working 
class people who struggle to survive 
in their current economic situation. 
Pastor Luis (Miguel) Ogando, presi- 
dent of the Conference of Churches, 
is a high school English teacher. He 
pastors the Luz y Verdad church in 
San luan and also serves a preaching 
point in the mountains in the com- 
munity of Chalona. His wife, Maria, 
has sought to supplement the family 
income by opening a small store 
where she sells cookware. The 
couple works hard to provide for 
their family of five children ages 1 2 
through 18. 

Poor standards of education and 
inadequate housing and health care 
plague many of the communities 
where Church of the Brethren con- 
gregations have begun during the 
past 20 years. 

As "mission coordinators," we 
were called by the General Board 
at the request of the Dominican 
churches to have someone from the 
US church come to walk with them 
and help them learn more about the 
(continued on page 22) 


IJ'ollowing Hurricane Georges on September 22, 1998, Anastasia Santos Tena, 
. received from an international human rights organization a loan of 5,000 
pesos (equivalent to S300) to start a small business. 

Anastasia, like many other women living in the Haitian sugar cane community 
of San Luis, needed additional income to help support her family. When she 
couldn't find a suitable business to start, the pressing needs of her family quickly 
swallowed up the loan. 

Unemployment is high in this community northeast of Santo Domingo, which 
normally has been employed in the nearby sugar cane factory. The Dominican 
government is privatizing the sugar industry and trying to sell the San Luis sugar 
cane factory, which has been closed since the hurricane. 

In April, Anastasia began work in a clothing factory about one hour from her 
home to try to repay the loan. She makes 10 pesos (about 60 cents) an hour 
doing quality control for shirts and pants bound for the United States. 

"1 started work because it was a difficult time. My husband is a pastor of the 
Church of the Brethren here and we were trying to live on his pay of about 2,700 
pesos a month. Many times when it was time to receive his pay, we already owed 
all the money to the stores. My children needed shoes, clothes, and some days we 
didn't have enough food for three meals a day so we'd just eat one meal," Anasta- 
sia said. 

Anastasia rises about 5 a.m. and leaves for work at 6 a.m. Some days she works 
a 12-hour shift with three 10-minute breaks and a half hour for lunch. Other 
days she works for 8 hours. Because she doesn't own a vehicle, Anastasia spends 
1 5 pesos a day ($1) to travel to and from the factory. Sometimes if she buys a hot 
lunch or something to drink, she is left with only 40 or 50 pesos (about $5) to 
show for her efforts. 

From December through April, the family housed four children of an ill cousin 
including one eight-month-old baby. They received no additional income to assist 
with the needs of these children. Anastasia also left behind her own four children, 
ages 1 1 to 20. The older children and her sister cared for the younger ones while 
she was away. "The children suffer a lot because 1 am not there," she said. 

Anastasia and her family have been members of the Church of the Brethren for 
9 years. When she was able to be at home, Anastasia was present at the church 
most evenings 
during the week 
for the various 
worship ser- 
vices. "The 
church people 
are concerned 
about my work 
because of the 
stress on our 
family but they 
because their 
situations are 
similar," she 

When asked 
how the family 
survives during 
such difficult 
times, she said, 
"We live on 
faith." — Becky 
Baile Crouse 

While she is a at work Anastasia Santos Tena. right, has to 
leave children behind. Pictured are her cousin's daughter 
Loyda. 15. and her daughters Llania, 1 1. and Noemi. 14. 

September 1999 Messenger 21 

Church of the 

Brethren. When 

the house we 

planned to rent I 

fell through ^ 

after an initial 't 

visit in Novem- I 

ber, church and 



located a house and facilitated the 

shipment of our belongings, which 

arrived March 5. 

Two days after we arrived Jan. 3 1 , 
we "camped out" in our Santo 
Domingo home with mats on the 
floor and a cooler for our refrigera- 
tor. On Feb. 1 Steve, 10, and Jacob, 
8, began attending an English-speak- 
ing school, where they have learned 
to know children from all around the 
world. Christy, 4, has been a joyful 
ambassador for Christ as she has 
encountered her new Spanish-speak- 
ing neighbors and church friends. 

Our living room has been con- 
verted into an office. We have 
learned to drive the General Board 
car in congested city traffic and on 
treacherous country roads. We also 
use the public taxis (5-passenger 
cars packed with 7 people), guaguas 
(private 30-passenger buses repre- 
senting various levels of repair, 
comfort, and safety) and city buses. 
As we have traveled to visit the 1 9 
churches and preaching points, it is 
no surprise that the primary health 
concern for missionaries today is 
accidents, not diseases. 

Having lived in the Dominican 
Republic for nearly 6 months, we 
have spent considerable time in 
building relationships. We have vis- 

The Grouses visit e«c7; oj the 19 congregations and new church pi 
pictured witli ineinbers of the Azua Sunday school. 

ited the churches and projects to 
learn to know the Dominican 
Brethren and listen to their stories of 
faith. Our work has ranged from 
hosting US church leaders and 
workcampers, to handling regular 
communication and translation of 
letters and paperwork between US 
and Dominican churches, to helping 
facilitate proposals for development 
and leadership training. We attend 
regular meetings of the conference of 
churches and are working in partner- 
ship with the Dominican church, as 
leaders share dreams and visions for 
the future. 

Though many of the Dominican 
Brethren have roots in other Christ- 
ian traditions, a strong theological 
education program begun in 1994 
under the leadership of Marcos 
Inhauser and Milciades Mendez has 
laid a solid foundation for the future 
of the church. Pastors and members 
alike can articulate the basic beliefs 
of the church and use stories such as 
that of Brethren pacifist John Naas in 
their discussion of the church's 
peace witness. 

When asked how the local commu- 
nity recognizes members of the 
church, brother Ogando replied, "By 
the manner of their living," a phrase 
well-known to US Brethren. The first 

group of pas- 
tors will 
complete their 
training this 
under the 
■ojects. Here lliey are leadership of 

interim coor- 
dinator I 
Guillermo Encarnacion, pastor of i 
Alpha and Omega Church of the i 
Brethren in Lancaster, Pa. 

Many of the Dominican churches 
have services throughout the week 
for the children, youth, women, and 
men. They have active evangelism 
ministries, including weekly services 
in the homes of members where 
neighbors and friends are welcomed 
to come and praise God and find out 
more about the church. They have 
actively sought to share in emergency 
relief with food aid and disaster 
response building projects in their 
communities following Hurricane 

During a |une workcamp, 20 
members of the San Luis church 
traveled with US workcampers to the 
sugar cane community of Sabana 
Grande de Boya to learn more about 
the ministry of Dr. Hilcias Ricardo, a 
member of Peniel Church of the 
Brethren (Santo Domingo), working 
in this area. Dr. Ricardo had 
arranged for the group to hold a 
worship service in one of the com- 
munities where there are few active 
churches. About 50 people from the 
community participated in the wor- 
ship, held on a concrete slab that 
used to be homes which were 
destroyed by the hurricane. 

22 Messenger September 1999 

The Nuevo Renacer (New Rebirth) 
congregation in Los Toros has a 
monthly Saturday evening worship in 
the street, which is attractive to the 
youth in the community. It is attended 
by more than 200 persons. The music 
and worship in the Dominican 
churches reflects the lively Latin cul- 
ture, as songs of faith are 
accompanied with instruments includ- 
ing bongos, keyboards, guiras, and 
tambourines. The Dominican 
Brethren have much to teach US 
Brethren through the forthright way in 
which they live and share their faith. 

At the invitation of two US Church 
of the Brethren camps (Ithiel in 
Florida and Bethel in Virginia), two 
of the Dominican youth leaders 
served on their staffs this summer 
and attended Annual Conference in 

During its first 20 years, as the 
Dominican church has grown and 
developed, it has relied heavily on the 
US church for leadership training 
and financial resources. Ten church 
buildings have been constructed 
through generous giving of time and 
money by US Brethren in partner- 
ship with local congregations. The 
Dominican church is deeply grateful 
for this support. 

Working side by side as brothers 
and sisters in Christ will mean con- 
tinuing to wrestle with issues of 
self-reliance and interdependence as 
members of the faith community. 
Exploring these issues in the context 
of the current economic and political 
situation of the country will be 
important in coming years as the 
Dominican and US Brethren HliT 
walk the road of faith together. '"^^^ 


by Guillermo Encarnacion 

In the Gospel of Luke, chapter 6. verses 27-36, we find a sublime teach- 
ing given to us by our Lord lesus Christ: "Love your enemies, do good to 
those who hate you, bless those who curse you, and pray for those who 
mistreat you..." (Today's English Version). 

Also, according to the Apostle Paul, love defeats evil and hatred (Romans 
12:20-21). "Do not let evil defeat you; instead, conquer evil with good" 

When 1 was returning from my most recent trip to the Dominican Republic 
in April, I saw a familiar face in the airport in Santo Domingo. This man was 
carrying a Bible under his arm. During 
the flight to San |uan, Puerto Rico, I 
kept thinking and trying to remember 
who he was, because his face reminded 
me of a military officer at Beata Island 
Prison, where 1 had stayed as a political 
prisoner 43 years ago. 

When we arrived in San |uan and 
were going through immigration, 1 
mentioned to him, "1 see that you carry 
a Bible so you seem to be a Christian 
and your face is so familiar, but it 
reminded me of a prison guard I knew 
during Trujillo's dictatorship." Looking 
at me, he said that he was a pastor in 
Chicago and I told him that I was a 
pastor in Lancaster, Pa. 

All of a sudden, all the past memories 
came flooding into the present. This 
man was the man who, as a military 
officer, had mistreated me in the prison. 

He apologized for his past behavior, mentioning that now he is a new person in 
Christ. We embraced each other and wept. We could see the Word of God 
becoming a reality in our lives. "So, if anyone is in Christ, there is a new creation: 
everything old has passed away" (II Cor. 5:17). 

Our plan to meet later and exchange telephone numbers and addresses at the 
luggage pickup was not possible because I was accompanying Pilar de Oleo, the 
mother of a member at Alpha and Omega Church of the Brethren, Lancaster. Pa., 
who was in the process of getting her permanent residency. When we had fin- 
ished with this matter, all the other passengers had left the customs office. 

This experience was a blessing from God for me. It made me aware that my 
heart is filled with the power of forgiveness. 

Guillermo Encarnacion is an ordained minister in the Cliurcli of the Bretltren and pastor of 
tlie Alpha and Omega Church of the Brethren in Lancaster. Pa. He began as interim coordina- 
tor of theological education in the Dominican Republic in .April 1 999. Guillermo is a native of 
the Dominican Republic and was imprisoned from 1957 to 1959 at Beata Island Prison for 
participating in the student resistance movement against the Trujillo dictatorship. He is mar- 
ried to Gladys Montero Encarnacion. They have five children and three grandchildren. 

nuo Liicanuicioii 

September 1999 Messenger 23 

The first year on the job 

Judy Mills Reimer reflects on life as executive director 







Judy Mills Reimer began as executive director of the Church of the 
Brethren General Board in June, 1998. Before that she had served as 
chair of the General Board (1 988-90) and as Annual Conference modera- 
tor (1 995). A 1 994 graduate of Bethany Theological Seminary, she is an 
ordained minister and was founding pastor of Smith Mountain Lake 
Church of the Brethren Fellowship (1996-98). She was a schoolteacher 
from 1965 to 1976, then worked at Harris Office Furniture, Roanoke, Va., 
which she still owns with her husband, George. 

When she came to the executive director position, the General Board 
organization had already been downsized, streamlined, and 
"redesigned" a year before. Yet she was the first permanent staff execu- 
tive hired to give shape to the new structure. After her first year on the 
job, she reflects on the challenges and opportunities, the joys and diffi- 
culties she has faced. She was interviewed by Fletcher Farrar, editor of 
Messenger, on August 12. 

FYou had said your approach 
has been to listen, listen, listen. 
You meet with your staff Leadership 
Team once a month, and you've 
been going to New Windsor, Md., to 
meet with the staff there once a 
month. At General Board meetings 
you listen as well. What have you 

I try to listen with my eyes and ears. 
When I came on this job there was 
still a lot of grieving about the old, 
and a lot of questions about what the 
new meant. 1 would ask someone 
who lived through the process of new 
design, how is it supposed to be 
working? Everybody had a different 
picture, and nobody could clarify 
that this was exactly what the board 
wanted to happen. 

1 think that my listening skills, and 
coming around the table and sharing 
with each other, has been an impor- 
tant part of learning what is working 
and what is not working. We have to 
function professionally, and be good 

stewards of God's time and money, 
while at the same time trying to live 
into what the new design calls team- 
work. While we work as a team, we 
had to have the buck stop some- 
where. The responsibility for that 
buck is in the executive director's 

FA key part of the new staff 
structure is the Congregational 
Life Team, which deploys General 
Board staff members around the 
country to work with congregations. 
How is that program working? 

There has been joy and excitement 
and frustration around the question 
of what does it mean to have a Con- 
gregational Life Team. They've been 
searching themselves to put skin on 
their structure. The congregations 
and the districts are responding 
beautifully. They're hungry for this. 
We all know that our districts and 
our national ministries exist because 

of our congregations. Without those 
of us who sit in the pew every 
Sunday, there would be no need for 
the wider organization. 

In consultation with the director of 
Congregational Life Ministries, we 
will be increasing some of our staff 
to full time who have been half time. 
We're shifting some dollars to make 
more time available to the congrega- 


So the CLT program is working'; 

The new design has only had this one 
year because I've only been on the 
job one year. 1 don't care who would 
be wearing this hat, that would be 
the case. For me we've only been in 
this new design for one year. Yes, 
there are all kinds of questions that 
continue, but I don't think it is fair 
to say immediately that changes are 
needed. The board had just made its 
decision [to create Congregational 

24 Messenger September 1999 

Life Teams] when I came on. I think 
they would have put me out on a 
limb and sawed it off if 1 had said 
we're not going to do it this way. 

Fin mid-August you announced 
that Stan Noffsinger, director of 
Emergency Response/Service Min- 
istries, would also serve as 
coordinator of the Brethren Service 
Center at New Windsor, Md. At the 
same time you announced that New 
Windsor would "no longer be living 
under a cloud" of a threat to close 
the center after Jan. 1 , 2000 (See 
News on page 6.) Does this move 
signal more such decisive actions in 
the future? Will your listening move 
into a more vocal role? Is it time to 
speak up more? 

I'm not going to stop listening. But 
I'm now articulating very clearly to the 
Executive Committee some of the 
tweaking that 1 think needs to be done 
to the new design. I'm not at liberty to 
say all the things that I've already 
shared with them. Of course we still 
work in that land of tension of what is 
the executive director's responsibility 
and what is the board's responsibility. 
I do believe that the executive director 
is the person that the board hires, and 
all other staff is accountable to the 
executive director. 

F Often boards have a tendency to 
get into micro-managing, so you 
and the General Board have worked 
on defining roles, through a workshop 
last March and another planned for 
this year's October meeting. It takes a 
while for the new person on the block 
to come in and establish her author- 
ity. How is your relationship with the 

I really appreciate the board. I was a 
member of the General Board for 
five years myself. I think how we're 
working at our relationship is 

through a wonderful chair and exec- 
utive committee. The board's 
responsibility is to look at the bigger 
picture, to help set the policies, to 
give the parameters of the budget, 
and leave it to the staff to work out 
the details. 

F Annual Conference has asked 
its five agencies, including the 
General Board, to collaborate in the 
work of the church A lot of your time 
and energy goes into the collabora- 
tion effort. How's it going? 

I don't really know how it's going. I 
am committed to collaboration 
because 1 was called under that new 
umbrella language. It sounds like a 
good idea, but working at it is very 
hard. We are trying to give the image 
that we are all working together. 
Each of us has a different definition 
of what the church has called us to 
do. What does it mean for bound- 
aries? Well, it is time-consuming and 
it takes lots of energy, I'd better stop 

Within the General Board pro- 
grams, I'm trying to use different 
words, which are "cooperating cre- 
atively." We can talk about working 
collaboratively, and everybody lays it 
on the table, and everybody shakes 
hands and walks away. But 1 feel that 
our energy would be better used if 
we were looking at creative ways of 
working together. With collaboration 
I have the image of the fist at each 
other. I'm telling you my feelings. I 
would give us all an A-plus for 
trying, really trying, to do what the 
church has asked us to do as far as 
working together. 

I hear a lot of historical kinds of 
things brought up during collabora- 
tion meetings. It makes it very 
difficult for the General Board. It 
would be better if we could all start 
from the here and the now, and cre- 
atively move forward from this point. 
It will never go back to what it was 
before. So how can we work 
together, within the General Board, 

and with all the different agencies, 
and stop whining over what was 
done in the past? 

FAs executive director, you are 
responsible for managing a 
General Board staff of 106 employ- 
ees. You have said you are trying to 
improve salaries as well as ease the 
transition into a new medical insur- 
ance plan. Yet you acknowledges 
that staff morale continues to be an 
issue. What have you done to 
improve employee relations? 

I didn't get off the cabbage boat yes- 
terday. I know that I am working 
within a system. A lot of the problem 
was that people were just still angry 
over this new design, and things 
being done differently. I know that 
we are excellent employers. I also 
know that we have people here who 
find it very comfortable just to gripe. 
I work at managing by walking the 
halls, being a presence as much as 
possible here, keeping my door open. 
When I have deadlines or if someone 
is with me, the door is closed. But I 
try to eat lunch with people in the 
building. I try to have a personal 
interest, to try to understand what 
their jobs are and what they're doing. 
I try to show an appreciation for 
what people are doing. When some- 
one hears a thank you from me it 
comes from my heart. 

FYou have tried to be accessible 
to the staff, but you are often 
away from the office. You repre- 
sented the church at the World 
Council of Churches Assembly in 
Harare, Zimbabwe last December 
and you will attend a World Council 
meeting in Geneva, Switzerland this 
month. You recently helped to lead a 
youth event at Camp Swatara and 
you are preaching a revival in Sep- 
tember. Despite all this, you say you 
were criticized for not attending a 
large district event last year, to which 
you had not even been specifically 

September 1999 Messenger 25 

invited but it was assumed 
you would come because 
your predecessors had 
attended. How do you bal- 
ance your time and priorities? 

It has been a personal goal of 
mine to put skin on tiie Gen- 
eral Board. And to do that is 
to be accessible to the people 
in the pew. I'm doing a 
revival at the end of Septem- 
ber that has been on my 
calendar for three years. To 
be gone a week is not the best for 
working at the employee relation- 
ship. But I do think the executive 
director must be available and be 
seen in congregations and at district 

I will be going to a district confer- 
ence at Northern Indiana. I'll be 
going to the Atlantic Northeast auc- 
tion. Every time I go to Virginia I go 
to a congregation to worship on 
Sunday. Lot's of times I don't even 
tell them I'm coming because I want 
to be just sitting in the pew. I have 
affirmed for years that we're all on 
level ground at the foot of the cross. 

The General Board has been given 
the responsibility by the church to be 
the ecumenical arm. So that takes 
lots of time and energy. 

FAre there people you go to for 
counsel on where to put your 

The executive committee is my per- 
sonnel committee. They're the ones 
who are really encouraging me to 
stay on top of balance and bound- 
aries. Each meeting I give them a 
pretty strong update of how I'm 
spending my time. They give me 
guidance out of that. I listen to their 
voices, but I still feel that I am 
making the decisions. 

Judy Mills Reimer and her husband. George, recei 
hearty welcome to Elgin from the General Board 

F Overall how do you feel that it's 
going with management of your 
time? Is it working? 

I'm more energized beginning the 
second year than I was the first year. 
My energy was high the first year. 
But 1 have been through that ques- 
tioning period. It came about 
two-thirds to three-fourths of the 
way through that first year. I said to 
myself, 'What in the world have you 
done? You dummy.' I worked 
through that. 1 really do get up in the 
morning and I say, 'Okay God, 
you've called me to this position. 
What are we going to do today?' 
That keeps me energized. 

I try to stay focused on seeking to 
be faithful to God's spirit. And I'm 
just determined that nobody's going 
to break my faith-spirit. They're just 
not. I feel so strongly that I have 
been called by God through the Gen- 
eral Board to be at the place where I 
am right now. That doesn't mean I'll 
be here forever. But 1 can look back 
and see how God prepared me to be 
here. So I'm not going to allow 
people to break my spirit. 


lYour business skills have been 
helpful with the finances, which 
seem to be improving, not only from 
the expense side, but from the 
income side as well. Is that a true 

I feel positive about the 
church's finances. But I state 
that with a caution. Ken 
Neher (director of funding) 
and I talk about this often, 
because he is Mr. Sunshine, 
and I do celebrate with him 
when he says that we must be 
doing something right. But I 
also come out of a marketing 
ved a understanding that we must 
staff. keep our story before our 
people, because there are 
others out telling their story. 
When the figures look good, 1 
think it is a tribute to our treasurer 
and finance department, and the 
way that they listened to the General 
Board's guideline of increasing 
reserves to $2 million, because they 
had gone way under that. It takes 
hard work, because you have to let 
some things go in order to increase 

FFor the past two years, around 
Memorial Day, you have gone 
on a spiritual retreat at the Trappist 
monastery in Kentucky where 
Thomas Merton lived. What did you 
do on your retreat? 

When I went on the retreat in May, 
1 998, it was a time of preparation 
for me before coming to this posi- 
tion. This May I went again, and I 
have plans to go back each of the 
next two years. I need this time of 
silence. I go for one hour each day to 
Sister Danielle, who is the spiritual 
director there. I spend time in read- 
ing scripture, fasting, prayer, and 
walking in the woods. I go to wor- 
ship with the monks several times a 
day as they sing through the 1 50 
Psalms. I work at goals for my per- 
sonal and spiritual life, but also at 
goals for this calling as the executive 
director of the General Board. 

26 Messenger September 1999 

FYou like to spend time with your 
family, but your job can be hard 
)n family life. How's that going? 

jeorge and I are either face to face 
laily or together by phone daily. My 
amily has not been here (in Elgin) 
nuch. But I will be extending my 
Mew Windsor time soon to be in 
Roanoke because our company, 
riarris Office Furniture, comes to 
3ur home. We live on Smith Moun- 
ain Lake, in a home that has been in 
|ny family since 1965, which we plan 
o be our retirement home. All of our 
employees and their families will 
:ome for a summer picnic. It's an 
Annual tradition. 

Every year since 1984 when my 
nother died, George and I host my 
iTiother's family — her siblings, and 
ill of our cousins and our cousins" 
;hildren. On the Sunday after 
Thanksgiving we have about 60 
oeople in our home. We sit down in 
he family room after we enjoy a 
neal together, and we just bring 
ach other up to date on what has 
aappened. 1 will go back to Virginia 
each year for that. 


Please tell us about your grand- 

JHle is Bailey Gerhard Reimer and he 
was born Dec. 20, 1998 to our son 
PTroy and his wife Chris. They live in 
Roanoke, Va. It was sad to realize 
that I would have a grandchild in 
jVirginia while I'm in Illinois, but 
grandparents live through this all the 
itime. It's probably good for me to 
have some distance. But fortunately, 
^hen I do get to Virginia, 1 am able 
to spend some time with him. Most 
of the time I even babysit, so I can 
have that all-inclusive time of being 
with him constantly. 

F Let's finish by talking about your 
vision for the future. The process 
of getting the board to come up with 
its vision with the staff is one thing. 
But you have your own personal 
vision. Can you share more about 
what you see the church becoming? 
What are your goals and visions? 

that's just a tagline.' It's not just a 
tagline. It's a vision for us to work 

FYes, we're going to determine 
together what it means. But 
you're not quite ready to say here's 
what it means to me? 

My goal is that we will continue with 
a sense of renewal to learn what it 
means for us to be a simple people, 
what it means for us to be a service 
people, what it means for us to wash 
the feet of others. We must give 
strength to each other out of our 
understanding of the New Testa- 
ment, and live into our ordinances of 
baptism and anointing. We must 
seek to resolve our conflicts and to 
live into the reality that 'war is sin.' 
We must build upon our heritage 
going into the 21st century. For me 
that is what it means for us to con- 
tinue the work of |esus, peacefully, 
simply, together. 
I keep hearing people say, 'Well 

That IS what it means to me. I think 
one of the reasons I was hired for this 
responsibility is my willingness to work 
as a team. The shared vision has to be 
shared. If I'm out running the flag, 
then it's a ludy vision. And I don't work 
out of that mentality. I work out of us 
working together, that we are together 
moving into this vision. I don't work 
out of that mentality that I'm going to 
say this is what it's going to be. It 
angers me when people say 'You don't 
have a vision.' I do have a vision. We 
are together working to build up God's 
kingdom. My vision is to move others 
forward with enthusiasm to bring 
about the kingdom for God today. 

Relaxing with grandson Bailey. 

September 1999 Messenger 27 

When we lose sight of the stark difference between the life- 
giving power of Christ's reconciling love, and the fearsome 
power of military might, we are making a terrible mistake. 

Mistakes are opportunities 

I was surprised to see on the back 
page of the |uly Messenger, that 
McPherson College included a photo 
of one of its students wearing an 
ARMY tank top in their advertise- 
ment. The student was playing with 
children at a workcamp in the 
Dominican Republic. 

I am sad that McPherson compro- 
mised its opportunity to be a truer 
witness for the possibilities of global 
peacemaking which the Church of 
the Brethren has historically sup- 
ported (and which the US 
military — especially in Latin Amer- 
ica — has not). 

I called McPherson and spoke to 
their director of communications. She 
was very responsive to my concerns 
but explained that the college felt that 
editing the photo to hide the word 
ARMY would have been no more ethi- 
cal than for the college to tell its 
students what to believe. These are 
both good points. Nevertheless, it is 
hard for me to believe that this picture 
would have been used in the single 
most prominent advertising spot in the 
magazine (not to mention the whole 
denomination) if he had been as 
clearly picking his nose. 

But I am not just concerned about 
poor taste, or even someone's insen- 
sitivity to our church's anti-war 
tradition. Most deeply, I am con- 
cerned that it didn't even seem to 
anyone to be a problem. When I 
spoke with McPherson, only one 
other person had called them to 
share the same concern. It may be 
that nobody really noticed the shirt. 
As my friend Andy Loomis lamented, 
this photo is like a metaphor for the 
vision of peace which the church 
seems to be losing focus on. 

Our church's Washington office 

for years brought clarity to our view 
on the world and our elected policy- 
makers. It spoke with a unique voice 
in a city which has bought into an 
entirely different notion of power 
and how it should be used. Now, we 
have all but eliminated our support 
for the vital work which it did and 
for the clarity with which it spoke. 

This may seem like a small thing, 
but when we as a church let our eyes 
go so lazy that we lose sight of the 
stark difference between the life- 
giving power of Christ's reconciling 
love, and the fearsome, death- 
destroying power of military might, 
we are making a terrible mistake. I 
am thankful that McPherson so gra- 
ciously heard my concerns. I am also 
thankful that their advertisement has 
created an opportunity for us to pre- 
sent Christ's message with new 

I share this letter not to humiliate 
anyone. We all make mistakes. I just 
hope that our church can restart a 
conversation on how to bring boldness 
to our peace witness. We have a vision 
which the world needs desperately. 

Ken Miller- Riemaii 
North Manchester. Iiuliana 

Chapel and church 

Olden Mitchell's insightful "Chapel 
or church?" note [August] begs for 
additional observations. Retirement 
community chapels usually exist as 
the result of local churches and dis- 
tricts banding together to "go with 
Jesus in a continuing ministry to a 
world of need" that includes senior 
citizens. Retirement communities are 
frequently referred to as a "ministry" 
of the church in the best sense envi- 
sioned by Brother Olden. 

Further, many of us who are 
blessed by "chapel" attendance are 

also actively involved in some local 
church that is anything but a 
"chapel." By prayer, financial sup- 
port, and membership involvement i 
some local church, chapel attenders | 
share and understand the point and 
distinction — often better that lots o 
mere attenders in many churches, 
just as Brother Olden's letter and 
activity log demonstrates. 

To summarize, there's an appropri 
ate place for both chapels and 
churches; aging may allow us to 
appreciate both. 

Norman L. Hars 
Roanoke. Vc, 

Just call God God 

Erin Matteson, writing in the )une 
Messenger, points out the preva- 
lence of inconsistencies in the use of 
pronouns referring to God. We reallj 
don't know whether it should be 
"him," "her," "it," or something 
entirely different. "It" seems to be 
clearly wrong. A simple strategy 
would perhaps solve the problem: 
don't use a pronoun at all. For exam 
pie, instead of referring to "God and 

^oriii oil tk name 

Messenger has received numer- 
ous responses to the July editorial, 
"A new name for a new time," 
regarding the name of the Church 
of the Brethren. These will be 
included in the October edition. If 
you would like to contribute your 
opinion to the discussion, please 
write to Messenger, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120, or e-mail to 

28 Messenger September 1999 

lis children" or "God and her chil- 
dren," use the phrase "God and 
jod's children." This may seem 
edundant at first but it is distinctly 
nore honest than ascribing gender to 
jod when such an attribute may be 
lot only meaningless but also mis- 

Wilson B. Lilt: 
North Manchester. Ind. 

i^ukerman's testimony 

rhank you, thank you, for the tine 
article by Dale Aukerman, "Why I 
relieve" [|uly]. I can honestly say 
hat as I read Aukerman's testimony, 
ny own personal testimony in Christ 
A'as reaffirmed and strengthened. 
We need more testimonies like 
\ukerman's. We need to hear more 
speakers at Annual Conference 
breach the saving gospel of Christ, 
and claim that Biblical truth for the 
hurch today. We need to hear more 
Brethren theologians who claim the 
resurrection of Christ to be true, and 
that lesus was not simply a historical 
person, but someone who can trans- 
form lives. 

I can only pray that the Church of 
the Brethren can be transformed 
towards Christ like Aukerman's testi- 
mony was for me. 

Marty Moyer 
Lima Ohio 

Who sets the standard? 

In regards to the interview of Allen 
Hansell by Fletcher Farrar on the 
Ministerial Leadership statement 
[See "A new day for Ministry," |uly], 
it causes me great concern. It 
appears that the Brethren leadership 
has forgotten who calls and sets the 
standard for His leaders. Since when 
have we been able to tell God what 
standards He must choose His lead- 
ers from? With this statement, our 
leadership problems will even be 
worse, or maybe not. The wedge 
being driven between leaders and 
parishioners may drive enough 
people away that there will be no 

problem. Higher education is good 
for some, but not all. Man's stan- 
dards are not God's. He is able to 
guide His own into the training they 
need to serve Him and His people. 
We need to remember Isaiah 55; 8,9. 

Eric W. Yost 
Salix. Pa. 

Ken Morse lives on 

Thanks for Howard Royer's great 
memorial story on Ken Morse in 
your May issue. 

When I read it I was planning the 
Bible study for the two sessions at 
Camp Brethren Woods near Har- 
risonburg, Va., that I had signed up 

September 1999 Messenger 29 

for this year. The study's theme was 
"God is in Our Midst." Clicic. I fig- 
ured Ken Morse's hymn, "Move in our 
Midst," should be our theme hymn. 

If it's fun — and you let them do it — 
Icids will buy into just about any 
activity. So we rehearsed at vespers 
each evening. We added some collec- 

tive hand motions. You should see 
those campers "Strike from our feet 
the fetters. . . " and "Kindle our 
hearts to burn. . . ." 

Each Friday evening of the two 
weeks I was there at camp, we per- 
formed for the parents who came to 
retrieve the campers. One hundred 
campers and counselors were staged 
on two picnic table bleachers, 
singing and gesturing their hearts 

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30 Messenger September 1999 



New members 

Amwell, Stockton. N.I.: Thomas 
Everett, Marci Emery, Shawn 
Emery, Christian Emery, Lou 
Angelo, lane Angelo. |anet Kerr 

Ankeny, Iowa: Meagan Morgan, Cas- 
sandra Stowe 

Beacon Heights, Fort Wayne, Ind.: 
David Bever, Marl; Bever, Tom 
Bever, Lori Grain, Steve Crain, 
Elaine Forsythe, Katie Hollenberg. 
Donald |. Hunley, Michele 
Kadenko-Monirian, Lou Ann Stone, 
Michael Stone 

Bethel, Carleton. Neb.: Candiss Kirch- 
hoff. Austin Kirchhoff, Brett Trover. 
Danielle Dornbierer, Bethany 
Beavers. Andrew Schardt. Anna 
Schardt, Garrett Schweitzer 

County Line, Champion, Pa.: Amanda 
Wolk, Ashley Shawley, Katie Bitner. 
Erin Brady, Elizabeth Brady 

Geiger, Friedens. Pa.: Kayla Urban, 
William Shockey 

Greensburg, Pa.: William Thompson 

Kent, Ohio: Richard and Millie Fox, 
lason and Deena Smith, lustin 

Leamersville, Duncansville, Pa.: |ames 

Lewiston, Maine: |ulie Soucy, Thomas 

Lewiston, Minn.: Todd Cage, Linda 

Maple Grove, New Paris, Ind.: Ryan 
Kirkdorffer. lordan Kirkdorffer, 
Kenneth and Eileen Kurtz 

Maple Spring, Holsopple. Pa.: 
lonathan Shaffer, Debbie Toth, 
Shawn Toth. Laura Soha. Nicole 
Soha, Kellie Stevens, Adda Marion, 
Ashley Bittner. Douglas Baraniak, 
Brandon Bittner, leffery Bittner, 
Katie McDonald, Tracy McDonald 

Mechanic Grove, Quarryville, Pa.: 
Rhonda Holloway, Ashley Holloway, 
Cory Holloway, Philip [ohnson. Keri 

Memorial, Martinsburg, Pa.: Kyle 
Kensinger. Adam Shatzer. lesse 

Naperville, 111.: Rajendra and Renny 
More, loyous Thakor 

New Enterprise, Pa.: Kim Turner. Erin 
Detwiler, Lennae Zimmerman. Roy 
and Angle Leach, Sandy Boyd, Bran- 
don Boyd, Brittany Boyd, Pat and 
Susan Kolinchak, Tracy Brunner, 
Becky Law, Allen Boyd, Barb Settle- 

Northern Colorado, Windsor. Colo.: 
Cheryl Zeiler 

Peace, Portland, Ore.: Rusty and 
Karen Dinkins-Curling, Gary and 
Sonya Olsen-Hasek 

Peoria, 111.: Cara lanelle Baker. Marc 
Stuart .Anderson 

Pleasant Dale, Decatur, Ind.: Phil 
Compton. |oe Dustman, Chris 
Gerber. Ali Hirschy, Lindsey Landis, 
loshua Soldner 

Pomona Fellowship, Pomona, Calif.: 
Jim Pruitl 

Prince of Peace, Littleton. Colo.: Ron 
Raab. Betty Raab. Betty Heisler, 
Debra Holt. Dave Wittrein, ludy 
DeRyke, Liz DeRyke, Ruth DeRyke. 

Michael Biefel 

Roaring Spring. Pa.: Susan lohnson, 
Jaren Davis, Brenton Farshey, |acob 
Guyer, Andrea Holsinger, Scott 

Stevens Hill Community, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa.: Dave and Donna 
Culbertson. Charles and Crystal 
Evans, Jessica and Theresa Eutsey, 
Gary and Brienna Dupler, Linda and 
Tommy Schmidt, Lucas Repa 

Sugar Ridge, Custer, .Mich.: Merritt 
Bongard, Lois Bongard. Scott 
Dumas. Kathy Dumas, Frank Mart- 
inchek, Maxine Marlinchek. Curt 
Baird. Lisa Baird. Laurie Sutton. 
John Wahr 

Thurmont, Md.: Debbie Barnes. Don 
Barnes, Daniel Dayhoff, Brian Lambert 

Turkey Creek, Nappanee, Ind.: Shad 

Lnion Bridge, Md.: Jim and Gidget 
Isanogle, John Buffington. Donald 
and Rhonda Smith, Donna Straub, 
Brian Horr, Brian Johnson, Laura 

Virden, III.: Tyler Hampleman. Keaton 
Peters. Kendal Tate. Christine Hiera. 
Amy McElfresh 

West Charleston, Tipp City. Ohio: 
Kayla Haman. .Megan Black. Mike 
Manning, Kenton Haman. Megan 
Wray. Kairee Pyles 

White Oak, Manheim. Pa.: Anna 
Brubaker. lanessa Dilfenderfer, 
Randall Martens, Brent Miller, 
Derric Miller. Wesley Miller, Andrew 
Rogers. Phillip Rogers. Timothy 
Rogers, Kyle Wenger, Heather 
Ziegler, Joram Zuck, Melita Zuck, 
Nathaniel Zuck 


Bohrer, loan and Wendell, Indianapo- 
lis. Ind.. 50 
Brumbaugh, Elmer and Averie, Kent, 

Ohio, 75 
Delk, Bob and lanet. West Milton, 

Ohio. 50 
Diehl, Norman E. and Frances M.. 

Elizabethtown, Pa.. 50 
Gibson. Wayne and Lucille. Fort 

Collins, Colo.. 50 
Hart, William and Marjorie, Virden, 

111., 50 
Holsinger, Ray and Gladys. Silver 

Spring. Md.. 55 
Leckron, Verl and Irene. Vancouver, 

Wash.. 50 
Lineweaver, Warren and Mary. Myer- 

stown. Pa.. 60 
McDaniel, Willard and lewel. Ray- 
mond. Calif., 60 
Moore, Edwin and Ethel, Uniontown. 

Pa., 60 
Overholser, Willard and Leora, 

Goshen, Ind.. 50 
Raymer, William and Ruby, lack- 

sonville. Fla., 50 
Rohrer, James and Mary lane. Tim- 

berville, Va.. 50 
Shoup, Irvin and Viva. Ashland. Ohio. 65 
Tincher, Roy and Alberta, Fayetteville, 

W.Va., 55 


Acker, Charles L., 62, Bridgewater, 

Va., |une9 
Altergott, Ruth Anderson, 87, 

Lawrence. Kan.. May 8 
Andes, Edna V. 94. Timberville. Va., 

May 31 

Archer, Clara. 92. Pyrmont. Ind.. lune 24 
Baker, Martha H., 87, Martinsburg, 

Pa., luly 21 
Baugher, Patricia A., 58. Westminster, 

Md.. luly 10 
Bible, Myrtle V, 85, Franklin, W.Va., 

lune 19 
Boord, Frank E.. 99. Uniontown. Pa.. 

luly 24 
Bowles, Tina P. Ritchie, 36, Wood- 
stock, Va., lune 29 
Bowman, Esther, 93. Des Moines. 

Iowa, Dec. 3 1 
Bradley, Waher. 91. Manheim. Pa., luly 1 
Brown, Stella P., 97. Harrisonburg, 

Va., May 29 
Brownfield, Geraldine. 68, Greens- 
burg. Pa., lune 4 
Browning, Kathleen, 81, Des Moines, 

Iowa. March 1 
Buchwalter, Clara L.. 86, Wooster, 

Ohio. .Aug. 2 
Campbell, Katherine A.. 72, New 

.Market, Va.. lune 15 
Carr, Albert L.. 99. Fulks Run. Va., luly 5 
Cason, William B., 83, Staunton, Va., 

May 22 
Catright, Darrell, 83. Kissimmee, Fla., 

lune 25 
Coslic, Leo, 83, Somerset, Pa,, |une 5 
Couchenour, Ethel, 90, Greensburg, 

Pa.. May 26 
Dean, lohn R., 81. Harrisonburg, Va.. 

lune 12 
Dennen, Frances Miller. 81. Spring- 
field. Mo.. April 2 
DeSeelhorst, Earl, 88. Modesto. Calif., 

luly 29 
Dessenberg, A. Eileen. 79, Ashland, 

Ohio, luly 19 
Ditmars, Catherine. 79. Washington. 

Kan., luly 20 
Dove, Goldie L., 58. Linville, Va.. May 22 
DuBois, Pearl E., 89, Fresno. CaliL, 

May 17 
Erbaugh, Miriam Filbrun, 87, Dayton, 

Ohio. |ulv2 
Feaster, Carl L., 82, Martin, W.Va.. 

lune 1 1 
Ferranli, Emma lane, 73. Greensburg. 

Pa.. May 31 
Fulk, Bessie M.. 99, Timberville, Va.. 

May 29 
Garber, Erma H., 90. Bridgewater. Va.. 

lune 1 7 
Gilmer, Grace L., 87, Harrisonburg, 

\'a., lune 26 
Grogan, Herman C, Kansas City, 

Kan., luly 10 
Grove, Katherine, 80. South English, 

Iowa, |une 1 5 
Havens, Marion, 95, Beaverton, Mich., 

luly 23 
Hochstetler, Galen C, 86, Smithville, 

Ohio, luly 1 3 
Hose, Ernest B., 75, Moorefiled, W.Va., 

luly 12 
Houff, Charlotte Rankin, 80, Mt. 

Sidney. Va., lune 19 
Huffman, Alma B.. 84, Swoope. Va.. 

May 20 
Ice, Bertha M., 84, Moorefield, W.Va.. 

lune 10 
lohnson, loan, 62, Blue Eye. Mo.. July I 3 
Jordan, Wilda M.. 85, Nova, Ohio. 

May 24 
Keller, Sheldon E.. 74. Timberville. 

Va.. luly 14 
King, William H.. 94. Bridgewater. Va.. 

May 27 
Kiracofe, Hazel M.. 90. Waynesboro, 

Va., lune 20 
Kitiel, Kendall. 86. McPherson. Kan., 

Aug. 3 
Klingler, Mary, 97. Lima, Ohio, Aug. 13 
Knight, lohn W. Sr.. 79. Luray, Va., 

May 29 
Ladewig, Gladys Irene, 79, Lewiston, 

Minn.. May 16 
Lantz, L. Guy, 81, Timberville. Va., 

May 25 
Lintula, Florence. 89. Kale\a. Mich. 
Myers, Lillian Miller. 92. Bridgewater, 

Va.. luly 31 
Peel, Lawrence. 76. McPherson. Kan., 

Aug. 2 
Pifer, Richard "Rusty." 54, Perrysville. 

Ohio, April 28 
Printz, Margie I., Rileyville, Va.. July 10 
Richards, Thomas E., 66. Stanley, Va.. 

luly 6 
Sandridge, Dorlis W. 65. Cross Keys, 

Va.. lune 11 
Saville, lunior Brook, 76, Moorefield, 

W.Va., luly 11 
Seal, Leo Cletus, 73, Luray, Va.. |une 2 
Shipley, Harrison M.. |r., 71, Mathias. 

W.Va.. luly 7 
Simmers, Lois C. 85. Harrisonburg. 

Va., lune 18 
Sprint, Elizabeth M.. 74. Landes. 

W.Va.. lune 1 1 
Stroupe, Lucille F. 82, Luray, Va.. lune 27 
Summers, Donald E., 42, Harrison- 
burg, Va.. luly 9 
Taylor, Garnet, 77, Carrolltown, Tex.. 

May 18 
Thomas, Harry S.. 68. York. Pa.. .Aug. 1 
Utz, lanet. Arcanum, Ohio, Aug. 3 
Utz, Nellie Wharton, 74, Brightwood, 

Va.. April 16 
VanPelt, Glenn Allen. 51, Timberville. 

Va.. lune 28 
Wagaman, Thomas. 63. York. Pa.. |uly 29 
Wagner, Irvin E., 89, Denton, Md.. luly 23 
Weaver, Paul M.. 81, North Manches- 
ter. Ind.. and Sebring. Fla., |uly 2 
Wellman, Floyd. Sebring. Fla., luly 1 
Wheeler, Robert B., 78, Ankeny, Iowa, 

luly 1 1 
Whiltington, lanice, 56. Woodstock. 

Va.. May 20 
Wilkinson, Sara, 89, Greensburg. Pa.. 

lune 1 3 
Wilson, Dick. 92, Claremont, CaliL, 

luly 10 
Wine, Clarence V, 86. Mt. Sidnev. Va.. 

May 27 
Wineguard, Nelson. 79. Grottoes. Va., 

luly 11 
Worley, Laverne A.. 81, Hanover, Pa., 

luly 30 


Speicher, |ill Keyser. Reading First, 

Reading, Pa.. May 15 
Struble, |oy Elizabeth. Lansing, Mich.. 

May 1 
Weaver, Herbert. Good Shepherd, 

Bradenton, Fla.. Nov. 8. 1997 

Pastoral placement 

Brockway, Bonni. to New Enterprise. Pa. 

Brockway, Wayne, to New Enterprise, Pa. 

Davis, Vernita |ane. to New Begin- 
nings. Warrensburg. Mo. 

Detwiler, Sam. from Nettlecreek. 
Hagerstown. Ind.. to Wenatchee. 

Krider, Eldon. from Union Center, 
Nappanee, Ind., to Mexico, Ind, 

tiller, Mark, from Moscow. Mt. Solon. 
Va.. to Altoona 28th St.. Altoona, Pa. 

Sollenberger-Morphew, Tim, to 
Bethany, New Paris, Ind. 

September 1999 Messenger 31 



This stuff has soul 

When it approached time for us to move out of the 
big old house where we've lived for the past ten 
years, the agent from the moving company went from 
room to room punching an inventory of our stuff into his 
handheld computer. When he was finished, the computer 
yielded a printout saying we had 1 2,446 pounds of stuff 
to move. Six tons! I was aghast. "I didn't think we had 
much stuff," I whimpered, my self-image shattered. 
"Everybody says that," the mover said, none too sympa- 

As we boxed and sorted, we tried to get rid of some of 
the extra accumulation — this pile to the trash, this load 
to the church rummage sale, bags of books to the library 
for its book sale. Going through books reminded me of 
old brainstorms and self-improvement whims — How to 
Trade in the Commodities Market lasted about as long for 
me as Arnold Schwarzenegger's body-building tech- 
niques. I'll pass those books along to the next momentary 
enthusiast. But I'm holding on to Great Ideas in Western 
Civilization, which 1 never read in college, thinking 
maybe I'm getting mature enough for it now. I notice 
how many Gandhi books I have, and Lincoln books, 
wondering how they have shaped me. 

After the initial shock and revulsion from the realiza- 
tion I have too mucit stuff \ began to think stuff isn't all 
bad. A wise counselor urged me to spend time sorting, 
because reflection can transform things. I dug into some 
boxes of papers I'd saved since high school, and remem- 
bered good times and girlfriends. I showed my daughter 
my high school newspaper recording Ed Sullivan's visit 
to our town. She'd heard of him and acted duly 

It's interesting the churning that takes place in a move. 
After the old silver letter opener got misplaced the first 
day, I was hardly able to read the mail. I put my pruning 
shears in a special place where they wouldn't get lost, so 
they did. Cleaning up the yard one last time without them 
didn't seem right. But other things surfaced. I got out 
the shortwave radio I put away five years ago and lis- 
tened to Africa Watch on Voice of America. An old clock 
that hasn't been wound in years got hung on the new wall 
and came back to life gladly. I started to pitch the oil 
lamp I found in the cabinet until Mom told me it had 
been hers as a child, so now I'm looking for a wick and a 
glass chimney for it. It takes only time to find the life in 
things. I sat down and read, probably for the first time, a 
Sojourners article I'd saved from 1977, and it still had 
the power to stir me. 

I worry about liking things. Materialism and overcon- 
sumption are curses of our age, and possessions too 
quickly possess us. St. Benedict addressed this in his 
medieval Rule for monastic life, under the heading, 
"Whether the monks may have anything of their own." 
The answer is as you might expect: "This vice especially 
is to be cut out of the monastery by its roots. Let no one 
presume to . . . have anything as his own — anything 
whatever, whether book or tablet or pen or whatever it 
may be — since they are not permitted to have even their 
bodies or wills at their own disposal. Let all things be 
common to all, as it is written, and let no one say or 
assume that anything is his own." 

The Quaker prophet George Fox spelled out the prob- 
lem with possessions. "There is the danger and the 
temptation to you, of drawing your minds into your busi 
ness, of clogging them with it, so that you can hardly do 
anything to the service of God . . . and your minds will 
go into the things, and not over the things. And then, if 
the Lord God cross you, and stop you by sea and land, 
and take your goods and customs from you, that your 
minds should not be cumbered, then that mind that is 
cumbered, will fret, being out of the power of God." 

Because we get clogged with too much cumber we ten( 
to blame the things in our life. We get angry at things an' 
treat them badly; cars and old houses, even church build 
ings get neglected when we're out of the power of God. 
But it's not their fault. In Care of the Soul Thomas 
Moore makes the case that things have soul, a life of thei 
own, a bit of their Creator in them. He calls it anima 
mundi, the soul of the world. To recognize that objects 
have their own vitality and personality gives us new 
respect for them. We care for our houses, and bring 
beauty to them, because they care for us. Things have a 
lifespan that can outlast many human generations. An 
old Bible or an old church connect us to the cloud of wit 

In this view, there's really no such thing as an inani- 
mate object. All things have anima, and our task is to 
reanimate them by giving their soul back to them, with 
respect. Recognizing the soul of things may give us fewe 
and better and older things. Nobody can love six tons of 
stuff. But when we see God in things, they don't get in 
the way of God. 

So I wind the old clock, turn on the old radio, hunt for 
the letter opener, and linger over photographs. It's a 
wonder I ever got the boxes packed, but I moved my 
stuff. And my stuff moved me. — Fletcher Farrar 

32 Messenger September 1999 

'^ir(^hrm^ Cmm0^/BiW 

Deacon Resources — ABC offers a full range of training and 
recognition resources to congregations wishing to establish or 
support a deacon ministry program. Deacon resources include 
the 319-page Deacon Manual For Caring Ministries (in handbook 
and large print versions); the "Annual Conference Statement on 
Deacon Ministries" and training video on deacon ministries (in 
English and Spanish); deacon and deacon emeritus certificates; 
deacon identification and/or business cards; and study materials 
about deacon ministry from biblical and historical perspectives. 

Choosing Death: A Study Guide on Euthanasia — 

Written by Graydon F. Snyder, this Study Guide uses biblical 
texts, case studies and questions to help study groups and 
families explore their ideas and beliefs about euthanasia from 
a Brethren perspective. This Study Guide is the second piece in 
a series of materials ABC is creating on end-of-life decisions. 

Lafiya Care Group Handbook and Lafiya Guide — 

Learn ways the church can provide holistic approaches to 
fostering wellness in spirit, mind and body. The bound, 128-page 
Lafiya Guide provides an introduction to congregationally-based, 
whole-person health ministries. The Lafiya Care Group Handbook 
describes the benefits and methods of establishing a small 
group ministry. 

Caring Ministries 2000 Conference — Audio and 

video tapes are available of presentations made by keynote 
speakers at ABC's biennial conference for caregivers. 
Speakers included Bible Study Leader Barbara Lundblad, 
award-winning writer Phil Yancey, author Robert Raines, 
Bridgewater College President Phillip Stone and others. 

All God's People — Congregations can learn ways to 
establish a ministry with people who have developmental 
disabilities through this new 14-minute video. Created by the 
Virlina District, this video gives ideas on ways to be inclusive 
and receptive to the gifts of all God's people. 

CaREGIVING — ABC's quarterly publication provides 
practical tools to anyone involved in caring ministries. 
Subscribers also receive in-depth articles that explore 
issues of caregiving from Brethren perspectives. 

For order information, call the Association 
of Brethren Caregivers at (800) 323-8039. 

CELEBRATE IGLESIA DE LOS HERMANOS, the Church of the Brethren in th 
Dominican Republic. Congregations: • PRINCE OF PEACE Principe de Paz, Sai 
Luis • FOUNTAIN OF LIFE Fuente de Vida, Los Guaricanos • NEW LIFE Nuevi 
Renacer, Los Toros • GOD, FOUNTAIN OF LOVE Dios Fuente de Amor, Viajam; 

• MOUNT OF OLIVES Mantes de los Olivos, Magueyal • LIVING WATER Agua Viva 
Arroyo Salado • ROCK OF HOREB Pena de Horeb, Bastidas • LIGHT AND TRUTF 
Luz y Verdad, San Juan • THE GOOD SOLDIER El Buen Soldado, Fond< 
Negro • MARCHING en March a. Villa Nizao. Fellowships and projects 

• CHRIST, THE TRUE ONE Cristo Verdadero, San Jose • BRETHREN I^ 
HARMONY Hermanos en Armania, Paraiso • TRUE LIFE La Vida Verdadera 
Tabara Abajo • PENIEL Santo Domingo • WALK OF 
HOPE Camino de Esperanza, Azua • EBENEZER 
Bonao. Preaching points: • CHALONA through San 
Juan • LAS P I E D R A S , Paraiso thro ugh Villa Nizao 

• SABANA TORSA through San Luis. 'Join in partner- 
ship with the thriving, youthful, Spirit-filled church in the 
Dominica)! Republic through your prayers and your gifts. 


"...built together spiritually 
into a dwelling place for God." 

- Ephesians 2:22 

World Mission Offering 


, Spmtualtip, 

Recoperiiig our pictis^ heritage 

:»t^ '-'-^ 


Celebrates 25 Years 
of Peace Education 


In 1974, M.R. Zigler, retired Church 
of the Brethren executive and peace 
advocate, developed a movement to 
serve the intellectual and spiritual 
soul of Brethren who sought to be 
tnie to the historic peace witness of 
our denomination. On December 
20, 1974, a group of people invited 
by M.R. gathered at the Brethren 
Service Center in New Windsor, 
MD, to consider formation of a "hands-on" peace pro- 
gram for the church that became known as On Earth 
Peace Assembly (OEPA). 


The Peace Place Bookstore 
& Resource Center 

• Conflict Resolution Materials 

• Peace-Related Curriculum 

• Children's Story Books 

• Alternative Gifts & Toys 

• lO'Ki Discount to Churches 

Ministry of Reconciliation 

• Offers Matthew 18 Workshops 
to Congregations 

• Developing a Network of Approved MoR 
Practitioners Available to Congregations 

• Supports District Discipleship & Reconciliation 

The Peace Academy 

• Youth Peace Retreats 

• College Intern Program 

• Youth Peace Travel Teams 

• JOYA (Journey of Young Adults) 

• Conflict Resolution Training for Outdoor Ministries 



"On Earth Peace Assembly is a tuoveineut 
grounded in the Church of the Brethren dedi- 
cated to following the teaching of Jesus Christ 
in renewing and living out our biblical and 
denominatiotial heritage of peace. Our purpose, 
through religious and educational activities, is to empower 
people to discern the things that make for peace — in our- 
selves, withirt families, in 
our global environment, W<^\ 
between nations — and to 
advocate peace and jus- 
tice, seeking the realiza- 
tion of God's will on ^tjt, .S,\ \ ^* 
earth as it is in heaven. " 

^^^^^^^^^KjPVQ^^SHEjf^^ ^ jfldHSS3 


The Peace Place 



Bookstore & 



Resource Center. 

^mW^^^^^^^^l^^S^^^. 1^8^. •'■ajt' F^^ 

\ ^^^^k^IShH 

1999 ]0Y A 

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Team: (1 to r) 

XSL' ^'^ \^ j|[S^?^^-> " 

^K -^^^^^1 

Brian Tlory, 

wL\ ^ "^w^^^y 

V '^^^^^1 

Christ}' Van 
Horn, h'Y Struble, 

^^^BP' ^^^StK^^r-^mtll^ v^^^^^l 

M '^^^l^^l 

Erin Floir anil 

i. ^^KL'r;;'i^^^^n3^^^| 

Mntt Rittle 

1999-2000 BOARD OF DIREC 


Dale Brown, 

Tom Leard Longeneclcer, 

Elizabethtown, PA 

Pasadena, CA 

Chris Forney, 

Andy Loomis, Wasliington, DC 

Silver Springs, MD 

Hoyt Maulden, 

Matt Guynn, Riciimond, IN 

Herndon, VA 

David Jehnsen, Galena, OH 

Walt Moyer, 

Kathy Leininger, 

Elizabetlitown, PA 

Timberville, VA 

Plana Naylor, Manassas, VA 

Eugene Liciity, 

Fran Nyce, Westminster, MD 

McPlierson, KS 

Ken Rieman, 

C. Wesley Lingenfelter, 

Nortli Manchester, IN 

Altoona, PA 

Bev Weaver, Indianapolis, IN 

Janice Kulp Long, 

Walt Wiltscheck, 

Blacksburg, VA 



On Earth Peace Assembly — Brethren Service Center 

Editor: Fletcher Farrar 
News; Walt Wiltschek 
Subscriptions; VIckl Roche 
Publisher: Wendy McFadden 
Designer; Marianne Sackett 

n the cover: 

This month 
Messenger fea- 
tures a cluster of articles on 
the theme of spirituality. To 
illustrate the theme we have 
chosen a photograph by 
David Radcliff, who is 
Brethren Witness director 
as well as extraordinary 
photographer. In this 
image, the sun is just peek- 
ing through the tree — not 
unlike God's presence — we 
dare not look directly, but 
lere is a sense of nearness and we feel the warmth nonethe- 
:ss. As the tree sheds its leaves, we recall the rhythm of the 
;asons and the sense of the dependability of God's presence, 
he rootedness of a tree allows it to weather the vicissitudes 
If a dry spell or heavy winds. 


2 From the Publisher 

3 In Touch 
8 News 
29 Letters 

31 Turning Points 

32 Editorial 


12 Spiritual roots 

When a number of souls could not find the 
spiritual nourishment they were looking 
for in the established church, they formed 
a cell group that eventually became the 
Church of the Brethren. Now Brethren are 
finding new vitality in spiritual practices 
they are recovering from their own pietist 
heritage. Wallace B. Landes, Ir., pastor of 
the Palmyra, Pa., congregation, provides 
insights based on his academic research. 

16 Keeping a spiritual journal 

Keeping a journal is a useful tool for draw- 
ing closer to God. "We come to 
community, and to call, richer and clearer 
for the inner work we have done," writes 
Gayle Hunter Sheller, a Church of the 
Brethren pastor from Springfield, Ore. An 
accompanying article explains how to 
make your own journal book. 

19 Spiritual direction 

Many are finding their interior life 
enhanced by the help of a friend with 
whom they discuss prayer and God's lead- 
ing. Though this ancient practice is called 
"direction," the real director is the Holy 
Spirit. Glenn Mitchell, pastor of the State 
College, Pa. congregation, provides 
insights from his considerable experience 
in this field. 

22 Dream with us 

Messenger invites readers to share their 
dreams for the Church of the Brethren in 
the 21st century. 

24 Forum on the name 

The |uly Messenger editorial said it is time 
to revive the discussion of a new name for 
the Church of the Brethren, and invited 
readers to write their opinions and sugges- 
tions. Those responses are included here. 

October 1999 Messenger 1 


fte hmmt 

"And you shall call the sabbath a delight" (Isa. 58:13). 

When 1 was growing up, on Sunday we didn't do certain things — go shopping, 
work, talce part in particular kinds of entertainment. I remember being admonished 
once for sewing on a Sunday, even though for me it was a form of relaxation as 
much as a task to be completed. Over the years I've strayed from that strict an 
observance of the sabbath, but I still feel mildly guilty if I go to the store on Sunday. 

What 1 didn't properly comprehend as a child was that the sabbath has less to do 
with removing things from one's life and more to do with filling it up again. If I am 
busy that day doing all the same things I do every other day of the week, there's no 
room to replenish my spiritual well. 

In When True Simplicity Is Gained: Finding Spiritual Clarity in a Complex World, 
photographer Micah Marty writes, "When we decide to focus on God, and our faith, 
simplicity is less difficult to embrace; pushing things out of the way then reveals 
rather than diverts us from our goal. As a result, we do not have the gnawing sense 
of giving up things of great value (the consumer culture's definition of simplifying) , 
because what is left in our lives has more appeal and meaning than what was dis- 

I've just completed a sabbath that lasted 10 weeks. It was time away, in some