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Full text of "The metrical chronicle of Robert of Gloucester"

THE CHRONICLES AND MEMORIALS 

OF 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

DURING THE MIDDLE AGES. 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF HER MAJESTY'S TREASURY, UNDER 
THE DIRECTION OF THE MASTER OF TELE ROLLS. 



On the 26th of January 1857, the Master oi' the Eolls 
submitted to the Treasury a proposal for the puhlication 
of materials for the History of this Country from the 
Invasion of the Romans to the reign of Henry YIII. 

The Master of the Rolls suggested that these materials 
should be selected for publication under competent 
editors without reference to periodical or chronological 
arrangement, without mutilation or abridgment, prefer- 
ence being given, in the first instance, to such materials 
as were most scarce and valuable. 

He proposed that each chronicle or historical docu- 
ment to be edited should be treated in the same way as 
if the editor were engaged on an Editio Princeps ; and 
for this purpose the most correct text should be formed 
from an accurate collation of the best MSS. 

To render tlie work more generally useful, the Master 
of the Eolls suggested that the editor should give an 
account of the MSS. employed by him, of their age and 
their peculiarities ; that he should add to the work a 
brief account of the life and times of the author, and 
any remarks necessary to explain the chronology ; but 
no other note or comment was to be allowed, except 
what might be necessary to establish the correctness of 
the text. 



Tlie works to be published in octavo, separately, as 
they were finished ; the whole responsibility of the task 
resting upon the editors, who were to be chosen by the 
Master of the Rolls with the sanction of the Treasury. 

The Lords of Her Majesty's Treasury, after a careful 
consideration of the subject, expressed their opinion in a 
Treasury Minute, dated February 9, 1857, that the plan 
recommended by the Master of the Rolls " was well 
calculated for the accomplishment of this important 
national object, in an effectual and satisfactory manner, 
within a reasonable time, and provided proper attention be 
paid to economy, in making the detailed arrangements, 
without unnecessary expense." 

They expressed their approbation of the proposal that 
each Chronicle and historical document should be edited 
in such a manner as to represent with all possible correct- 
ness the text of each writer, derived from a collation of 
the best MSS., and that no notes should be added, except 
such as were illustrative of the various readings. They 
suggested, however, that the preface to each work should 
contain, in addition to the particulars proposed by the 
Master of the Rolls, a biographical account of the author, 
so far as authentic materials existed for that purpose, 
and an estimate of his historical credibility and value. 

Rolls House, 

December 1857. 



l^All rights reserved.'] 



ISiq"] 



THE METRICAL CHRONICLE 



OF 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



~^ EDITED BY " J 

WILLIAM ALDIS WRIGHT, M.A., Hon. D.C.L. and LL.D., 

FELLOW AND SENIOR BURSAR OP TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE. 



Part I. 



PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE LORDS COMMISSIONERS 
TREASURY, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 




LONDON: \^9fj^l!ll^t^^.^^^ 
PRINTED FOR HER MAJESTY'S ST ATO^ ^JfrT ^^fjM J^L I G L I S R A R i £ 
BY EYRE AND SPOTTISWOODE, 

PRINTERS TO THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. 



And to be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

EYRE AND SPOTTISWOODE, East Harding Street, Fleet Street, E.G. ; or 

ADAM AND CHARLES BLACK, 6, North Bridge, Edinburgh; or 

HODGES, FIGGIS, & Co., 104, Geafton Street, Dublin. 

1887^'" 



b9 

V.I 



PREFACE. 



V 



PREFACE. 



The Metrical Chronicle, which is commonly attvihu ted 
to Robert of Glouce.stei-, appears to have been first noticed 
by John Stow in A Summarie of Englyshe Chronicles 
(1565), and is there ascribed, in " TIic names of Authours 
" in this Booke alledged," to " Robert, a chronicler, 
" that wrate in the tyme of Henry the thirde." The 
story of William Rufus and his chamberlain, which 
will be found in lines 8012 — 8021 of the present edition, 
is quoted by Stow in the Summarie, apparently from 
the Cotton MS. In the interval between 1505 and 
1580, when he published The Chronicles of England, 
Stow must have discovered some reason for gfivine the 
writer a more precise description, for in the later volume 
he refers to him'more than once as "Robert of Gloster" 
or " Robertus Glocestrensis." In his Remaines concern- 
ing Britain, published in 1605, Camden follows Stow 
in adopting this designation, and gives the well known 
saying of Mabel FitzHamon to Henry I. on the author- 
ity of the Metrical Chronicle, " as Robert of Gloucester 
" in the Librarie of the industrious Antiquary maister 
" John Stowe writeth." Indeed the appellation seems 
to have been accepted without question by subsequent 
writers. Selden (Jani Anglorum facies altera, 1610) 
quotes him as "Robertus Glocestrensis," or (Titles of 
Honour, ed. 1072, p. 498) "Robert of Glocester, that 
" wrote about Edward the first," and his work (ibid. 
p. 535) as " that old English rythmical Story of 
" Robert of Glocester," or (p. 115) " the old Rhimes 



vi PREFACE. 

" of Robert of Glo. MS." All Selden's quotations are 
made from the Cotton MS., except one in the Histoiy 
of Tythes (1618), in which he mentions two manu- 
scripts, one in the library of Sir Pvobert Cotton and 
the other in that of Thomas Allen of Oxford, and 
quotes from the latter, which in all probability is the 
same as MS. Digby 205 in the Bodleian Library. But 
it was from Selden's notes to the first portion of 
Drayton's Polyolbion, containing Books I.-XVIII., which 
appeared in 1613, that English readers learned to be- 
come familiar with Robert of Gloucester and his verses, 
and from this source William Browne in his Britannia's 
Pastorals (Book II. song 4, ed. Hazlitt, Vol. II. p. 70) 
no doubt derived his knowledge of 

" The lay which aged Robert sung of yore 
In praise of England and the deeds of Swaines 
That whilome fed and rul'd vpon our plaines." 

It was very natural for Weever (Ancient Funerall 
Monuments, ed, 1631, p. 60) to add another touch to 
the description, and to speak of him as " Robert the 
" Monke of Gloucester, an old rimer, who writes the 
" language of our fathers about foure hundred yeares 
" since " ; and hence Fuller, who only knows him from 
Weever and Selden, places him among the Avriters of 
Gloucestershire (Worthies, ed. 1662, p. 358) as "Robert 
" of Gloucester, so called, because a Monk thereof" In 
the account of the riot at Oxford in 1263, which took 
place between the students of the University and the 
townsmen, Antony Wood (Hist, et Antiq. Univ. Oxon., 
ed. 1674, vol. i. p. 112) quotes the verses of Robert of 
Gloucester (11186-11233) as "poette cujusdam Oxo- 
" niensis, ibi turn prsesentis carmina." The narrative 
has certainly every appearance of having been written 
by a contemporary if not an eyewitness of the events 
described, and Hearne (Preface to Robert of Gloucester's 
Chronicle, p. Ixxvi.), accepting Wood's statement as not 
improbable, goes a step further and suggests that Robert, 



PREFACE. VU 

being a monk of Gloucester, was sent to Oxford " by 
" some of the Directors of the great Abbey of Glou- 
" cester" to take charge of the youth that thej^ had 
there under their care. And this appears to him so 
very probable that he adds, " I am apt to think, that, 
" upon that score, he resided in an old House, where 
" Monks used to study, on the West Part of Stockwell- 
" street, in the same Place where Gloucester College 
" (afterwards styl'd Gloucester Hall, and at lengtli 
" Worcester College, on the West Side of which the 
" Monks of Gloucester had a Mill) was since founded 
" in the year 1283, or, as others say, in 1281, 
" by John GifFard Baron of Brimsfield, the same that 
" was so famous for his Military Skill in the time of 
" Hen. III. and is mentioned, for that reason, towards 
" the End of this History." All this, however, is merely 
ingenious speculation, and beyond the fact that the 
name of the writer of a portion of the Chronicle was 
Robert, and that from the dialect in which he wrote he 
was probably a Gloucestershire monk, there is nothing- 
whatever known about him. But before going further 
into this question it is necessary to say something of 
the external form of the Chronicle itself. 

It is evident that there were two recensions, which 
are represented, the one by the Cottonian and Harleian 
MSS. in the British Museum, and the other by the 
MSS, at Oxford and Cambridge which Avill be hereafter 
described. These two recensions are in .'substantial agree- 
ment to the end of the reign of Henry I., but in the 
former the events from the accession of Stephen to the 
end of Henry the Third's reign are recorded at much 
greater length and occupy upwards of 2,900 lines, while 
in the latter they are compressed into less than 600. 
In addition to this, in the earlier portion of the Chro- 
nicle the MSS. of the later recension have upwards of 
800 lines which do not occur in those of the earlier 
recension. All these inserted lines, together with the 



viil PREFACE. 

shorter continuation, Avill he found in the Appendix to 
the present edition. It is remarkable, however, that in 
both the longer and the shorter continuations the nar- 
ratives of the events of Stephen's reign are almost 
exactly of the same length, and they appear to have 
been derived from the same original source. The most 
natural conclusion from this fact is that the original 
Chronicle ended with the reign of Henry I., the earliest 
form of it which has come down to us being that which 
we have in the Cottonian and Harleian MSS., and that 
it was supplemented by at least two different narrators, 
one of whom supplied the longer and the other the 
shorter continuation, while the latter may also have 
inserted the additional lines which are found in the 
earlier portion of the Chronicle as it appears in the 
later recension. If the shorter continuation had been 
a mere brief summary of the reigns of the successors 
of Henry I, it might very well have been supplied by 
the author of the longer continuation ; but it is in the 
highest degree improbable that the same writer should 
have given two entirely different accounts of Stephen's 
reiffn, one in 440, the other in 438 lines. 

It is a further question whether the longer continua- 
tion and the original portion of the Chronicle are by 
the same hand. If they are, we must suppose that the 
writer first carried his narrative to the end of Henry 
the First's reign, that various copies of this portion 
were circulated among the libraries of different monas- 
teries, and that one of these was made the basis of 
what I have called the later recension, while the ori- 
ginal was retained by the author and supplemented by 
himself On the other hand, the first portion of the 
Chronicle may have been an independent work w^hich 
was completed in two forms by two different con- 
tinuators, neither of whom was the original author. 
It is impossible to say to which of these two suppos- 
itions the greater probability is to be attached, there 



PREFACE. IX 

being no positive evidence for one or the other, although 
I am rather inclined on a priori grounds to favour the 
latter. It is extremely difficult in a composite work 
like the present to argue safely from internal indica- 
tions of date. In the earlier part there appear to be 
references to the times of Henry I. which would point 
to his reign as the period of its original composition. 
For instance, in speaking of the number of abbeys 
founded by King Edgar and St. Athelwold, the writer 
says (5739-5741) : 

Vor ey^te & fourty abbeys • hii rerde in this londe 

echon. 
Ar vre king jmt we abbe]? nou • adde yrerd so vale • 
To monye him wolde );enche • viftene bi tale • 

The king here referred to, " our king that we have 
now," is apparently Henry I,, who after Edgar was 
the greatest founder of monasteries. But as it is im- 
possible that the Chronicle in its present form can 
have been written at so early a period, it is more than 
probable that the reference in this passage was taken 
from the original document which the versifier had 
before him. Other passages indicate that the writer, 
although not perhaps actually a contemporary of Henry I., 
wrote at a period when the events of his reign were 
fresh in the minds of men. He refers more than once 
to the union of the Norman stock with the older Eng. 
lish royal family by the marriage of Henry and Matilda 
of Scotland, the daughter of Margaret, who was in the 
direct line of descent from Edmund Ironside. See 
11. 6466-6469 : 

As ^e mowe ihurc her afterward • in king henries lif • 
How engelond com to kunde aten • J^orii pe gode 

queue mold is wif • 
pat )?es margarete dorter was • mold pe gode queue • 
Vor pis lond were ^ut out of kunde • tif heo nere 

ich wene • 



X PREFACE. 

And again, 11. 7250-7257: 

Ac after )?at willam j?e rede king • issote was bi cas • 
& ]>e gode henry is bro]?er • after him king was • 
Seint edwardes nece • ]7at of is fader kunde com • 
& of ]>e riite kunde of engelond • king henry to wine 

nom • 
j^at was mold ]>e gode quene • J?at in gode time was 

ybore • 
])0 smot uerst |?is tre a^en • to is kunde more • 
& normandie |;oru |>e king • & j^oru ]?e quene enge- 
lond • 
lioyned were ])0 kundeliche • as in one monnes hond 

But these, after all, although they appear to have been 
added by the versifier, may very well have been written 
at a much later period than the time to which they 
refer. Indeed, it is quite clear from another of the 
writei''s insertions that it was made not earlier than 
the reign of Edward I., and probably after 1294, when 
the king exacted of the clergy half their revenues. 
Speaking of the twenty manors which were given to 
Winchester in the time of Edward the Confessor by 
the king, his mother, and the bishop, the writer adds, 
with a touch of sly humour which sometimes peeps 
through his monotonous dulness (6998-7001) : 
And |?at nas no^t lute ]>ere • 

Vor it wolde linde horn lee & morten • inowe bi J?e 
tere • 

Vor gode ]>e nexte king Edward • f^at after him 
Hu]>]>e com • 

Ne lei hom nott folliche so muche • wi}>inne is 
kinedom • 

All that has been said hitherto refers to the earlier 
portion of the Chronicle, and it would seem that even 
this part in its present shape was written not long before 
the end of the thirteenth century. 

We come now to the longer continuation as it appears 
in the text of this edition, and in the Cottonian MS* 



PREFACE. XI 

from which it is printed. In this the writer mentions 
his own name in the description of the great darkness 
at the time of the battle of Evesham, which was so 
dense that the monks coidd not see to read the service 
in the churches. It extended for thirty miles round, 
and is compared by the writer to the darkness at the 
crucifixion. Only a few drops of rain fell (11746-9) : 
An vewe dropes of reine • J^er velle grete inou • 
pis tokinuge vel in ];is lond • )?o me )/is men slou • 
Vor pretti mile J'anne • )7is isei roberd • 
pat verst J?is boc made • & was wel sore aferd • 

" This saw Robert, that first this book made and was 
" right sore afraid." The last two lines are omitted 
in the only other MS. of an early date which I have 
consulted, and at first I was inclined to think that they 
might refer merely to the transcriber of the Cottonian 
MS. But they occur also in the late MS. which is pre- 
served in the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, and the 
expression " |'at verst ]>is boc made " points rather to 
the author than to the scribe. We know, therefore, that 
the writer of the longer continuation at least, if not of 
the whole work, was named Robert, that he lived at 
the time of the battle of Evesham in 1265, and that he 
was within thirty miles of the place. The continuation 
in its present form could not have been written earlier 
than 1297, because, as Sir Frederic Madden pointed out, 
it contains a reference to the canonization of St. Lewis, 
which took place in that year : for the writer, after re- 
cording the taking of Damietta in 1249, adds (10943), 

pulke gode lowis • is now seint • & ileid in ssrine • 

On the whole it seems probable that if we place the 
date of the Chronicle about the year 1300 we shall 
approximate within a very few years to the time of 
its composition, and the Cottonian MS. must be nearly 
contemporary. The writer of the latter portion at 
least may have been as a young man an eyewitness 



^- 



XU PREFACE. 

of the riots at Oxford in 1263, to which reference has 
already been made, and two years later may have been 
living, most probably in Gloucestershire, and perhaps in 
Gloucester itself, not very far from the scene of the 
battle of Evesham. This is confirmed by the language 
in which the Chronicle is written, which is the dialect 
of Gloucestershire, and, according to Dr. Morris, that of 
the southern part of the county, and by the local know- 
ledge which the wi'iter shows of Gloucester and the 
neighbourhood. For instance, in the account of queen 
Ethelfleda's death (lines 5480-1), he follows Henry of 
Huntingdon in saying 

A.t tamewurj^e heo deyde su]?]?e • & ybured heo was 
ywis • 

In seint petres porche at gioucestre • 
but he adds on his own account " as j^e abbey tut is." 
Again, in the description of the reconciliation of Sir 
Hubert de Burgh and the banished nobles with king 
Henry the Third at Gloucester, on St. Swithin's eve in 
1234, there are details which have every appearance 
of being preserved by local tradition (lines 10822- 
10831): 

Sir hubert de boru & o|;ere • ]:'at in prison were 
ido • 

& hom l^at iweiued were • is pes he tef al so • 

& hii a sein swithines euc • of lun ^ ]?e verste 
day . 

To him come at gloucetre • as mani man isay • 

Vn hosed & bareuot • & vngurt al so • 

Hor amies to ]?e elbowe naked • hor heued bar 
)7er to • 

Hii velle to |'e kinges fet • & merci him criede 
vaste • 

pe king ne mi^te po uorbere • j^at he ne wep atte 
laste • 

' An error for lul. 



PREFACE. Xlll 

& bigan nal vor pitc • isuowe vpritt toumbe • 
Bote as ]>e erl of hereforde him huld • & sir geffrey 
of crancoumbe • 

As we come down to the events of the Chronicler's 
own time, it becomes more and more evident that he 
writes as a contemporary, if not as an eyewitness. 
The account of the violent proceedings of Sir Maci de 
Besile, the French knight who had been appointed by 
the king sheriff of Gloucester, how he went armed 
into the court where his rival Sir William de Tracy, 
whom the barons had made sheriff', was sitting, forced 
his way up to the dais, seized Tracy by the hair of 
his head, and dragged him through the mud of the 
streets to the castle, where he kept him a prisoner 
(llOGO-11081), all this is given with a vividness which 
shows that the narrator must have been in Gloucester 
at the time of the events which he describes. The sub- 
sequent attack on Gloucester Castle by Sir John Giffard, 
the capture of Sir Maci, the revenge taken upon the 
carpenter who shot one of Sir John Giffard's squires, 
the sacrilege committed by Sir Thomas de Turbeville 
in seizing the French bishop of Hereford at the altar 
and draofffing him out of the cathedral, the audacious 
manner in which Sir John Giffard answered the con- 
stable's summons to appear at the hundred court held 
at Quedgley, the artifice by which he and Sir John do 
Balun captured the west gate of Gloucester and let in 
the barons' army, these and many other natural touches 
mark the narrative as tliat of an eyewitness. No one 
but a narrator on the very spot would have known that 
the name of one of the luckless porters at the west gate, 
who let in Sir John Giffard and his woolpacks, was 
" Hobekin of Lodelowe," or that after prince Edward's 
vain attempt to take the city by assault, it was in a 
ship of the Abbot of Tewkesbury's, which was lying in 
the river, that he made his way to the castle, or that in 
a subsequent attack Sir John Giffard broke in by the 

IT 35441. \) 



xiv PREFACE. 

wall of the abbot's orchard, which was left undefended 
(11587). So that perhaps after all we may with safety- 
infer that Robert, who saw with his own eyes the great 
darkness which spread over the land at the time of the 
battle of Evesham, was living in Gloucester, that he was 
probably a monk belonging to the Abbey, and that he 
wrote at any rate the longer continuation of the Chro- 
nicle which now bears his name. 

It is now necessary to discuss a much more com- 
plicated question, the sources of those portions of the 
Chronicle which are not the narrative of a contemporary, 
and in doing this I may frankly acknowledge at the 
outset I have been unable to arrive at a satisfactory 
conclusion. It has been stated more than once that 
the Chronicle is evidently a translation from the French. 
On philological grounds Mr, Kington Oliphant (Old and 
Middle English, p. 480) says, " We may safely call it a 
" translation from the French, when we see such forms 
" as the March (Mercia), Picards (Picts), Daneis (Danes), 
" ]>e Londreis (Londoners), PountfreU (Pontefract, Pom- 
[ " fret)." I venture to think that the writer of the 
Chronicle used these forms because they were already 
in the language of his time, and not because he was 
following the French original, for the existence of which 
there is no evidence whatever. But the statement is 
repeated by the writer of the article on Robert of 
Gloucester in the Encyclopa3dia Britannica, without 
giving any reasons, and M. Taine (Histoire de la Lit- 
terature Angiaise, i. 107, ed. 1873) speaks lightly, as 
of a thing well known, of " un moine, Robert de Glou- 
" cester, et un chanoine, Robert de Brunne, tous 
" deux aussi insipides et aussi clairs que lears mo- 
" deles franQais." So far from the Chronicle being a 
translation from a French original, it is extremely 
doubtful whether there is any support for the much 
more guarded and moderate opinion expressed in Gold- 
beck and Miitzner's Altenglische Sprachproben (1867), 



PREFACE. XV 

i. 155, that the writer appears not to have been un- 
acquainted with Wace's Brut and his Roman de Rou, 
as well as with the old French poem La Estoire de Seint 
Aedward le Rei. This view is supposed to be confirmed 
by certain verbal coincidences, which are indeed very 
slight and are due rather to the common originals fol- 
lowed by the writer of the Chronicle and the authors 
of the poems in question. It is, however, apparently 
accepted without question by Professor Ten Brink, in 
his Geschichte der Englischen Litteratur (1877), i. 345, 
for he mentions La Estoire Aedward le Rei and Wace's 
Roman de Rou among the numerous authorities which 
must have been known to and consulted by Robert. 

What these numerous authorities were, it is not easy 
to determine, nor can the writer's method in his compil- 
ation be exactly ascertained. He appears to have had 
access to many sources of information which he used 
as suited his purpose, weaving them together into a 
continuous narrative, and connecting them sometimes by 
observations, which, as they are not to be found elsewhere, 
must be supposed to be original, though this is by no 
means certain. I assume that the compiler of the 
materials and the versifier were the same, and that the 
processes of compiling and versifying went on simul- 
taneously, because I have been unable to discover any 
compilation which the versifier could have had ready to 
his hand. Moreover, in saying that he used such and 
such sources of information, I only mean that the same 
narrative is to be found in the authors or works referred 
to, for it sometimes happens that it is only recorded 
in the pages of a later chronicle, and must therefore 
have been taken by our author from some authority 
earlier than both himself and the narrator who has also 
preserved it. With these preliminary remarks I proceed 
to analyse the work before us. 

Roughly speaking, the first half of the Chronicle is 
taken from Geofirey of Monmouth and Henry of Hunt- 

b 2 



XVI PREFACE. 

ingdon, for it is not till the time of Alfred that the 
writer appears to have used William of Malmesbury. 
In the geographical description with which the Chronicle 
opens (1-28) he follows Geoffrey ; the account of the 
division of England into shires and bishoprics is sub- 
stantially taken from Henry of Huntingdon, and here 
(91-110) occurs a quotation almost word for word from 
the Life of St. Kenelm as given in the metrical Lives of 
the Saints. But only three wonders of England are 
enumerated, instead of four as in Henry of Huntingdon, 
and the four great roads are described in a different 
order. The account of the climate of England however 
(180-189) is from Henry, while the seven ages of the 
world (190-205) differ from the number given in Bede 
and elsewhere in having the period from Abraham to 
David divided in two. The pedigree of Brutus ( 206- 
232) is given from Henry, who follows Nennius, or 
perhaps from Geoffrey of Monmouth, who is again the 
principal authority for the greater part of the early 
history (240-952), with the exception of certain chrono- 
logical notes (478-483, 62G-627, G46-649, 897-900, 
949-952) which appear to be added by the compiler. 
The accoimt of the Picts (953-996) and the description 
of Ireland (997-1014) are insertions from Henry of 
Huntingdon. Geoffrey is again the authority for the 
narrative down to the reign of Augustus (1015-1385), 
and after a brief account from some other source of the 
taxing of the world by Augustus and the reigns of 
Tiberius and Caligula (1386-1421), the same writer 
supplies the material for the history to the end of the 
reign of the emperor Claudius (1422-1529), the chrono- 
logical note (1426-1429) as before being inserted by the 
compiler, who probably added lines 1530-1533, fol- 
I lowing Geoffrey again in 1534-1537. The story of Nero 
(1538-1585) is apparently taken from the same source 
I as in Higden's Polychronicon, where it is referred to 
'Martinus, and the gap in Geoffrey's history of the 



PJIEFACE, XVI 1 

emperors (158G-1633) is supplied by the compiler, pro- 
l)ably from Henry of Huntingdon. Geoffrey's narrative 
is continued to the end of the reign of the Em2:»eror 
Constans (1634-1868), when a few lines (1869-1874) 
are again supplied from Henry of Huntingdon, who is 
also the authority in the main for the account of Con- 
stantino (1895-1934), the interval (1875-1894) being 
tilled up from Geoffrey, whose narrative is again taken 
up and continued, with few exceptions, to the death of 
Arthur, and the complete conquest of the country by 
the Saxons (1935-4654). These exceptions arc an 
original reflexion by the author (2089-2092), and an 
account of the seven planets (2435-2442), and of the 
discovery of Arthur's bones at Glastonbury, which may 
very well have come from the same source. 

The division of the land among the Saxons and their 
six kings is apparently described in the comj^iler's own 
words, but in the account of the arrival of Cerdic and 
the conquest of Wessex and Northumbria he follows 
Henry of Huntingdon (4669-4692), whose narrative, 
after a short digression of his own on Woden and the 
division of the land between the Saxons and Ano-les 
(4693-4716), he again abridges in describing the recon- 
version of the country to Christianity by the mission of 
Augustine and his companions (4717-4776). William 
of Malmesbury appears to be the authority for the 
original introduction of Christianity in the time of king 
Lucius, and the foundation of Glastonbury (4777-4806), 
and from this point the compiler for a time takes the 
material of his narrative from Geoffrey of Monmouth 
(4807-4904) to the death of Ethelbert, king of Kent. 
Henry of Huntingdon again becomes his authority from 
line 4905 to line 56 of the passage inserted from the 
Harleian MS., the rest of this passage being taken from 
Geoffrey of Monmouth, as well as the lines which follow 



xviii PREFACE. 

(4930-4939).^ The story of the slaughter of Enfrid and 
his twelve companions by Eadwal (4940-4947) is from 
Henry of Huntingdon, but the writer by reading " cum 
xii millibus " instead of " cum xii militibus " has exagger- 
ated the bloodshed. It is difficult to say what is the au- 
thority for the few lines (4948-4953) about Saint Oswald 
the king of Northumbria, but the mission of St. Birin, 
the conversion of the king of Wessex, and the death of 
Oswald in battle with Penda (4954-4979), are from 
Henry of Huntingdon. The writer shows his local 
knowledge, and perhaps also his partiality for his own 
county, in fixing the site of the battle at Marshfield in 
Gloucestershire. There is an obvious error in the date 
of Oswald's death, owing to a corruption in line 4978, 
which we should perhaps read thus : 

& vour & vourty vor seint Oswald • nije 3er king was • 

The death of his brother Enfrid is placed (line 4953) 
about the year 634, aud the length of Oswald's reign is 
given in Bede as nine years, so that the reading of some 
MSS. " score " for " hondred " is obviously only a conject- 
ural emendation, which is also cei-tainly Avrong. 

The narrative is now carried on (4980-5143) by the 
help of Geoffrey's history to the point which it had 
reached at line 4654, the complete subjugation of the 
country by the Saxons, and the writer here takes leave 
of his former guide. 

The account of the seven kingdoms of the heptarchy 
is taken from Henry of Huntingdon (5144-5155), but 
the history of this period is passed over very briefly, and 
the events of a centur}'- before the time of Egbert are 
unnoticed. From Egbert to the beginning of Alfred's 
reign (51G4-5323) the writer again follows Henry of 



1 The lines of tho text are wrougly numbered from this point ; 4932 
should be 4923. 



PREFACE. xix 

Huntingdon, adding perhaps from William of Malmesbury 
the slight mention of St. Swithin and Bishop Alcstan 
(5264-5266). For the early history of Alfred (5324- 
5361) he is indebted to the latter source, except for lines 
(5334-5) which may have been inserted from the Anglo- 
Saxon Chronicle. The lauding of the Danes in Devon- 
shire and their defeat, with the baptism of Gudrun or 
Gurmund (5362-5385), are recorded by Henry of Hun- 
tingdon, but the name Gurmund is only found in William 
of Malmesbury, who also mentions that thirty of his 
chieftains were baptised with him, while he says nothing 
of the twelve days during which he was entertained by 
Alfred, as Henry of Huntingdon relates. William of 
Malmesbury may have been the authority for the rest of 
the reign of Alfred (5386-5411) and the beginning of 
that of Edward the Elder (5412-5439), but the Avriter 
differs from his predecessors in putting the age of Alfred 
when he first learned his letters at more than ten years, 
instead of twelve, as his biographer Asser and those who 
follow him relate. The rest of the reign of Edward and 
the beginning of the reign of Athelstan are taken from 
Henry of Huntingdon (5440-5491), but in the account 
of the rebellion of Ethelwold, although the writer follows 
Henry in calling him the king's brother instead of his 
uncle's son, he departs from all the authorities in giving 
his name Edwolf. Athelstone's love for the church (5492) 
is commemorated by the writer after William of Malmes- 
bury, and the note of the birth of Dunstan in the first 
year of his reign (5493) may be from ^he A.S. Chronicle. 
From this point to the fifteenth year of Edgar (5494- 
5727) William of Malmesbury's narrative is followed, and 
several lines (5706-571.9, 5722-3) are borrowed from the 
life of St. Athelwold in the metrical Lives of the Saints. 
But the scene of the battle against Anlaf is laid atBry- 
mesbury (5550), which is clearly the Brunesburh of Henry 
of Huntingdon, instead' of at Bruneford, or Brunefeld, as 
in William of Malmesbury, and the names of the five 
boroughs out of vdiich Edmund drove the Danes (5593-4) 



XX PREFACE. 

are given from Henry of Huntingdon. The translation 
of St. Smthin's relics by Edgar and Saint Athelwold 
(5728-Sl), Avbicli is here placed in the year 971, is 
recorded by Florence of Worcester under the date 970. 
The foundation of the abbeys by Edgar (5732-5741) is 
summarised perhaps from the A, S. Chronicle and Henry 
of Huntingdon, but the number of them, forty-eight, 
which is vaguely given as " more than forty " by Florence 
of Worcester and other authorities, agrees with the 
number in the metrical Life of Saint Athelwokb and in 
Eadmer's Historia Novorum (ed. Selden, p. 4). For the 
rest of the reign of Edgar the metrical Chronicle follows 
William of Malmesbmy, except in lines 5762-57G9 and 
5808-5811, which the writer probably supplied himself. 
William of Malmesbury is again the authority for the 
history of Edward the Martyr (5812-5835) which agrees 
with the narrative in the metrical Lives of the Saints, 
except that the miraculous escape of Dunstan (5828-5835) 
is not told in the Lives, and the interpretation put upon 
it (5836-8539) is derived from Henry of Huntingdon. 
The story of the murder of Edward is (5840-5877), with 
the omission of a few lines, taken verbatim from the Lives 
of the Saints, and follows the narrative which is preserved 
by a later chronicler, John of Brompton, except 5866-7. 
Then follow two lines (5878-9) from Henry of Hun- 
tingdon, and William of Malmesbury again becomes the 
authority for the reign of Ethelred (5880-5925), with 
the exception of 5916-5921, the facts in which are also 
preserved in John of Brompton. Lines 5897-5905 are 
the same as in the metrical Life of St. Dunstan. For the 
narrative which follows (5926-5973) I have not been 
able to discover the original source of information, but 
from 5974 to 6399 the Avriter's authority is mainly Henry 
of Huntingdon, though he occasionally departs from his 
original. For instance, in 5985 the swarms of ants to 
which the Danes are compared are locusts in Henry. 
The date of the siege of Canterbury (6044-5) is from 
Florence of Worcester, and the details of the archbishop's 



PKEFACE. XXI 

murder at Greenwich are borrowed from the metrical Life 
of St. Alphc. The death of Ethelred (6123-4) is put on 
St. Gregory's day as in William of Malmesbury, not on 
St. George's day as in the A. S, Chronicle, and the date 
of the battle of Sherston, St. John's day (6150-1), is 
from the same historian, as are lines G161-3, and 6200- 
6205. The character of Edmund Ironside (6136-6147) 
is from Ailred of Rievaux, and the rest of his reiim 
(6216-6399) is to be found in Henry of Huntingdon, 
expanded by Ailred of Rievaux as far as 6328. The 
story of the murder of Edmund at Oxford, and of the 
punishment of his murderer (6329-6399), agrees also with 
the narrative in Roger of Wendover, with the addition of 
a few lines marked by the writer's peculiar humour 
(6390-6395) and apparently his own. It is difficult to 
say what authority he followed for the reign of Canute. 
The a'ccount of the first parliament and the banishment 
of Edmund's children (6400-6471) is substantially the 
same as that given by Florence of Worcester, who how- 
ever says nothing of the marriage of Edmund the son of 
Edmund Ironside to the king of Hungary's daughter, 
as told in John of Brompton. The name of Edmund 
Ironside's grandson, afterwards known as the Atheling, 
is here given as Edward (6462), instead of Edgar as in 
Florence of Worcester. The marriage of Canute with 
Emma the mother of Edward the Confessor (6472-6487), 
which is said to have been suggested by her brother 
Richard duke of Normandy, with the consent of her 
sons Alfred and Edward, is related without these cir- 
cumstances by other historians. The parliament at 
Oxford in 1018 is mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle, and the name of Canute's first wife, Ailive or 
iElfgita, may be found in Henry of Huntingdon, but 
no notice is here taken of the suspicious stories which 
are told of the birth of her children by Florence of 
Worcester and others. The goodness of Canute to the 
church in restoring abbeys and churches, and the trans- 



XXll PREFACE. 

lation of the body ot St. Alfe or Alphege (6502-G521) 
are narrated by William of Malmesbury. The chronicler 
then (6522-6609) follows Henry of Huntingdon, who is 
apparently the only authority for the well known story 
of Canute and his courtiers. The journey to Rome 
(6610-6621) is described in Florence of Worcester, and 
Canute's benefactions to Glastonbury (6622-6635) are 
commemorated by William of Malmesbury, while the 
account of his death a,fter a reign of twenty years (6636- 
6639) agrees with Henry of Huntingdon. Our chronicler, 
however, reckoning roughly from the death of Edmund 
Ironside in 1016, places the death of Canute in 1036 
instead of 1035 as in the A. S. Chronicle. 

The short reigns of Harold and Hardecanute (664)0- 
6672) are taken probably from Henry of Huntingdon, 
the chronological notes (6658-9 and 6669-6672) being 
added from William of Malmesbury. The retui'n of 
queen Emma from Flanders is related also by John of 
Brompton (6666-6670). The few lines which follow 
(6673-6682) are apparently the chronicler's own remarks, 
but in the account of the murder of Aldred or Alfred, 
the Confessor's brother, by Godwin, he follows Henry 
of Huntingdon (6683-6717). For a great part of the 
reign of Edward the Confessor the chief authority is 
Ailred of Rievaux (6720-6843). His coming with a 
small retinue of foreigners is from Henry of Huntingdon 
(6756-6759). The story of the ordeal of queen Emma 
is also told in the Winchester Annals (6844-7033), but 
the details of the death of Godwin vary in some respects 
from the account there given. The scene is laid at 
Windsor (7012) as in Henry of Huntingdon, instead of 
at Hodiham or Odiham, as in the Winchester Annals, 
and Godwin is dragged out from under the table by his 
son Harold (7031), as is told by John of Brompton. In 
relating how the king sent for Edward the son of 
Edmund Ironside (7034-7062), the chronicler follows 
the same authority as John of Brompton, and differs 



PREFACE. XXlll 

from William of Malmesbury, who does not mention the 
name of Edward's wife, and calls his son Edgar and not 
Edward. The early history of William duke of Nor- 
mandy (7063-7097) is related in the main as it is found 
in William of Malmesbury, but in the story of the early 
indication of William's vio-our in fillino- his hands as 
soon as he was born with the dust of the floor instead 
of the rushes with which it was covered, the writer has 
followed the legend preserved in Kn3''ghton, who has 
" pulvere," rather than the more common form in William 
of Malmesbury who reads " stramine." In other respects 
the account of the appointment of William as his succes- 
sor by Edward the Confessor, and of the visit of Harold 
to Normandy, agrees with William of Malmesbury (7098- 
7134), who, however, says nothing of the swearing of 
Harold upon the relics of the saints (7135-7145), an 
incident which is recorded by Henry of Huntingdon. 
The remainder of the history of the Confessor corresponds 
with the narrative of Ailred of Eievaux (7146-7267), 
the date of his burial at Westminster on Twelfth Day 
being the same as in the A. S. Chronicle. But the date 
of his death on the 4th of January agrees with that 
given by Ailred of Rievaux and Simeon of Durham, 
" pridie Nonas Januarii " ; whereas in the A.S. Chronicle 
and other authorities it was on the eve of the Epiphany. 
The beginning of the reign of Harold is described in a 
spirit hostile to Harold's pretensions, and it is not clear 
what authority, if any, the chronicler followed (7268- 
7281) ; but the account of the invasion of Harold Harfager 
and the battle of Stamford Bridge agrees with that given 
by Henry of Huntingdon (7288-7317), while the deser- 
tion of Harold's soldiers, in consequence of his greediness 
in keeping to himself the spoils of the victory, is related 
as in William of Malmesbury (7318-7323). After some 
reflexions of his own (7324-7331), the writer in the 
main follows William of Malmesbury in relating the 
events which preceded the invasion of England by 



XXIV PKEFACE. 

William (7332-7395), while the account of the landing 
of the Normans and the details of the battle of Hastings 
are made up from William of Malmesbury and Henry 
of Huntingdon (7396-7513). The date of the battle, 
which was fought on a Saturday, being St. Calixtus' 
day, is given as in Radulphus de Diceto and the Waverley 
Annals (7514-7517). In Henry of Huntingdon the day 
of the week is not mentioned. The motives which arc 
said to have decided William to attempt the conquest of 
England do not agree with those given by other his- 
torians. According to the chronicler (7360-7369), these 
were four in number ; the murder of Alfred, the Con- 
fessor's brother, by Godwin, the perjury of Harold, the 
grant of the crown to William by the late king, and 
his being the next of kin. Only three are enumerated 
by Henry of Huntingdon ; the murder of Alfred, the 
expulsion of Robert, Archbishop of Canterbury, and 
other Normans, and the perjury of Harold. Our chroni- 
cler omits altogether the expulsion of the Normans. 

The events which followed the battle of Hastings, 
such as the burial of Harold at Waltham, and William's 
coronation at Westminster on Christmas Day, are nar- 
rated as by William of Malmesbury (7520-7551), but 
the writer interposes some remarks of his own on the 
language of the Normans (7537-7547). The account of 
William's taking hostages of the nobles, the flight of 
Edgar Atheling, the marriage of his sister to Malcolm, 
king of Scotland, and the division of English lands 
among the Norman followers of William (7552-7581), 
may be found in Roger of Wendover ; but the date of 
William's return from Normandy on St. Nicholas's day 
(7577) is from the A. S. Chronicle. William of Malmes- 
bury again becomes the authority for the foundation of 
the abbeys of Battle and Caen (7588-7595), but he says 
nothing of Tewkesbury and Oseney (7596-7601), the 
account of which is perhaps inserted by the chronicler, 
who takes his character of the Conquerer from William 



PllEFACE. XXV 

of Malmesbury (7602-7605), adding some general re- 
flexions of his own (7606-7611). The endowment of 
Norman religious houses with English lands (^7612-7617), 
the marriage of William and the account of his children 
(7618-7629), may be found in William of Malmesbury. 
The reception of the English exiles by Malcolm, king of 
Scotland (7630-7639), is (old in Roger of Wcndover. 
The invasion and defeat of the Danes (7640-7659), the 
conquest of Wales (7668-9), the survey of England, the 
composition of Domesday Book (7673-7685), and the 
character of William (7686-7697), are from Henry of 
Huntingdon, but the writer has inserted an account of 
the devastation of the northern coasts by William in 
order to prevent the Danish incursions (7660-7667). 
This he may have taken from Rogei' of Wendover, who 
however, does not specify the distance, "sixty miles" 
from the coast, to which the devastation extended. The 
date of the death of Matilda is placed too early by ten 
years, 1073 instead of 1083 (7670-7673). William's 
love of hunting and the formation of the New Forest 
(7698-7711) are related by William of Malmesbury ; the 
severity of his game laws (7712-7721) by Henry of 
Huntingdon. The description of the festivals which he 
held three times a year, and of his personal appearance 
(7722-7737), corresponds with that given by William of 
Malmesbury, but that he wore his crown on the occasion 
of the great festivals (7722) is an incident recorded in 
the A. S. Chronicle, which is also the authority for the 
narrative that folloAvs (7738-7771). Henry of Hunt- 
intrdon Q-ives the account of William's lettino- his lands 
to farm at exorbitant rents (7772-7783), but the story 
of the death and burial of the king is from William of 
Malmesbury (7784-7853), the exact day of his death 
" ]>e morwe after seinte mari day |?e later," Sept. 9, beiug 
from the A. S. Chronicle, as is the date of the coronation 
of William Rufus at Westminster, three days before 
Michaelmas (7856 ). 



XXVI PREFACE, 

In the narrative of the earlier events of the new king's 
reign (7854-7993) the A. S. ChronicJeis closely followed. 
William's character, his pride and lavish extravagance, 
are described as by William of Malmesbury (7994-8021). 
The building of the Tower of London and the Hall at 
Westminster (8022-8027) are from Henry of Hunting- 
don, but for the king's sickness at Gloucester, the visit 
oi Malcolm, king of Scotland, and his subsequent defeat 
and death, followed by the death of his queen Margaret 
(8028-8061), the A. S. Chronicle is again the authority. 
The account of the crusade (80G8-8477) is almost 
entirely taken from Henry of Huntingdon, the numbers 
of the Christian army as they marched upon Antioch, 
and the comet which they saw on their way, may have 
been from William of Malmesbury, to whom also may 
be due the description of the " sow " which was used in 
the siege of Jerusalem, and the details of the capture of 
the city (8478-8507). The choice of Robert duke of 
Normandy to be the first king of Jerusalem, and his 
refusal of the dignity (8508-8528), are incidentally 
mentioned by Henry of Huntingdon and William of 
Malmesbury, and from the latter the description of the 
personal appearance and character of Robert (8524-8543) 
and the account of his marriage (8556-8559) are taken. 
The election of Godfrey to be king after Robert's refusal, 
and the names of his three successors (8544-8553) are 
from Henry of Huntingdon. For the rest of the reign 
of Rufus (8560-8675) the chronicler follows William of 
Malmesbury, adding some touches, descriptive of the 
king's cruelty and rapacity (8614-8626) and the date of 
his death (8668-9), from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 
The dream of Anselm (8676-8681) is told by Eadmer in 
his life of the Archbishop. 

For the early part of the reign of Henry the First 
William of Malmesbury is the principal authority 
(8082-8759). The account of Robert's invasion of 
England and the compact between the brothers (8760- 



PREFACE. XXVI 1 

8775) is from the A. S. Chronicle. The foundation of the 
abbeys of Reading and Cirencester is recorded also in the 
Waverley Annals (8777-8781). The account of Henry's 
children omits all mention of his son William (8782- 
8785), although he is brought in later in the narrative. 
The war with Robert and his defeat and imprisonment 
are described as by Roger of Wendover (8786-8819), who 
also connects the comet of 1106 with the same events 
(8820-1) as a sign of the anger of God. But the date of 
the decisive battle onMicbaelmas eve (8792) is from the 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. The character of Henry is 
partly from Henry of Huntingdon (8822-8827), and 
partly from William of Malmesbury (8828-8848), who 
records the foundation of the abbey of Reading for the 
monks of Clugni (8849-8853), and the birth and death 
of the king's only son by his queen (8854-8857). The 
account of the parliament which was held at West- 
minster in 1107 is from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 
(8859-8869), and this is followed by a narrative which 
may have been preserved by local tradition and was not 
necessarily derived from any written source, the story of 
the marriage of Henry's illegitimate son Robert, after- 
wards the celebrated Earl of Gloucester, with the great 
heiress Mabel FitzHaym or FitzHamon (8870-8925). 
It is true that we find this also related by the unknown 
continuator of Wace's Brut (Michel, Chroniques Angio- 
Normandes, I. 65-117), but the coincidence between the 
two narratives is more probably to be accounted for by 
their recording the same traditional story than by sup- 
posing that one was taken from the other. The mar- 
riage of Henry's daughter to the Emperor is from Henry 
of Huntiijgdon (8926-8933), the chronological note which 
follows (8934-5) and the reflexion on the goodness of 
Henry and his queen are apparently the writer's own 
(8936-7). The account of the good queen Mold or Maud 
is from William of Malmesbury (8738-8957), but the 
story which is told of her (8958-8975) is to be found in 



XXVlll PREFACE. 

Ailred of Rievaux, with the exception that instead of an 
unknown knight it is the queen's brother, David of 
Scotland, who remonstrates with her. More reflexions 
by the writer on the goodness of the queen now follow 
(8970-8979), and her death on the 1st of May 1118 is 
recorded from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (8980-8983). 
Henry of Huntingdon is the authority for the narrative 
of the war with France (8984-9081), the loss at sea of 
the king's sons (9032-9041), Henry's second marriage, 
the death of the Emperor of Germany, and the marriage 
of the Empress to Geoffrey of Anjou (9042-9069) ; but 
the writer lias made a curious blunder in putting the 
earls of Flanders and of Anjou (9001) on the side of 
Henry instead of on the side of the French king, and he 
inserts for the third time the statement that Henry 
built the abbey of Reading (9054-5). It is difficult to 
point to any one authority for the brief account of the 
founding of the monasteries (9070-9087), or of the birth 
of the King's grandson (9088-9097). The rest of the reign 
of Henry is from Henry of Huntingdon (9098-9119, 
9128-9131), the writer inserting some reflexions on the 
succession to the crown which he puts into the mouth 
of the king at his death (9120-9127). The death of 
Robert Courthose (9132-9134) and his burial before the 
high altar at Gloucester are recorded by Florence of 
Worcester, and the death of his son William (9135- 
9137) by Henry of Huntingdon. 

For the reign of Stephen it may be said generally 
that the Avriter has followed Henry of Huntingdon 
^ f (9138-9535). The death of Robert Earl of Gloucester 
on the eve of All Saints Day 1150, and his burial in the 
Priory of St James at Bristol, are probably additions of 
his own (953G-9539). The death of Geoffrey of Anjou 
and the marriage of his son to Eleanor, the divorced 
queen of Lewis of France (9540-9559), and the death of 
Stephen (9568-9577) after his reconciliation with Henry 
arc from Henry of Huntingdon. Henry's descent upon 



PREFACE. XXIX 

England with six and thirty ships (9560-9567) is re- 
corded by Roger of Wendover, but the writer gives the 
date of his landing in a different though equivalent form 
as " Biuore seint hillaries day " instead of " infra oetavas 
Epiphaniae." In line 9563 " erl of wareine " seems to be 
a mistake for " countess of Warwick." 

The beginning of Henry the Second's reign (9578- 
9593) is from Roger of Wendover, and the account of 
his children (9596-9599) agrees with that in the Wa- 
verley Annals, except that the names of John and Eleanor 
are added in the wrong order. The Life of Becket 
(9600-9725, 9768-9797) is mainly a quotation from the 
metrical Lives of the Saints, from which the winter 
borrowed on other occasions. The translation of Edward 
the Confessor (9628-9), which is mentioned in the 
Metrical Life, is described in other words by the writer, 
who inserts also his own versified narrative of events 
which do not appear in the Life (9630-9652), Becket's 
flight (9726-9731) is narrated as in the Winchester 
Annals. The writer differs from other authorities in 
placing the death of the Empress Maud (9732-8) in 
1165 instead of 1167, and in his account of the corona- 
tion of Prince Henry (9734-9747) he omits the Bishop 
of Rochester from the list of those who took part in the 
ceremony, although he is specially mentioned in the 
Metrical Life and by other authorities. The mission 
of the three excommunicated bishops to the king in 
Normandy, and the plot for the murder of Becket 
(9748-9767), are described as in the continuation of 
Florence ol Worcester's chronicle. From the same 
source may have been taken the account of the king's 
remorse (9800-9817). For the rebellion of the king's 
son Henry and his reconciliation with his father (9818- 
9845), it is almost impossible to say what authority the 
writer followed. The prince's death on St. Barnabas 
day, 1183 (9846-9850), is recorded by Roger of 

U 3.5441. C 



XXX PREFACE. 

Wendover, The translation of St. Egwine in the same 
year is mentioned in the Annals of Tewkesbury and 
Worcester, the destruction by fire of Glastonbury in those 
of Waverley (9851-9853), and the finding of the bones 
of Arthur, which is briefly recorded in the Annals of 
Margan, is more fully described by Giraldus Cambrensis. 
The brief account of Fair Rosamond, and of the building 
of the abbey of Bristol by the rich merchant Robert 
Harding, are probably insertions by the writer (9854- 
9865). The outbreak of the new Crusade is given as by 
Roger of Wendover and Roger of Hoveden (9866-9877). 
The visit of the Patriarch Heraclius to England, his offer 
of the kingdom of Jerusalem to Henry, and Henry's 
refusal, are related by Roger of Wendover (9878-9881) ; 
the names of those who took the cross agree with those 
given in the Annals of Waverley (9882-9887); but 
the brief summary of the remaining years of Henry, 
and the account of his death and burial at Fontevraud, 
may be the writer's own (9888-9903). 

The coronation of Richard and the slaughter of the 
Jews on that occasion are to be found in the Annals of 
Waverley (9904-9921). The creation of John as Earl 
of Gloucester, and his marriage with the daughter of 
the late earl, are mentioned by Roger of Wendover and 
other historians, but the name of the countess is gener- 
ally given as Hawisa or Eleanor. In the Annals of 
Tewkesbury she is called Isabel as here (9922-9227). 
The names of those who fell in the great battle against 
Saladin agree to some extent with those in Roger of 
Hoveden, but others are added and the date of the battle 
differs by a month (9928-9937). For the rest of 
Richard's reign it is almost impossible to say what 
authority the writer followed in his brief summary 
(9938-10097). The circumstances which he mentions 
are to be found in the longer narratives of Roger of 
Wendover and Roger of Hoveden, and sometimes in the 



PKEFACE. XXXI 

Annals of Waverley. The amount of Richard's ransom 
and the account of the death of the Duke of Austria 
(10025-100(31) are from Roger of Hoveden. 

As we came down nearer to the writer's own time it 
is still more difficult to suggest what may have been 
the sources of his information. In narrating the events 
of the reign of John (10098-10559) he is in substantial 
agreement with the Annals of Waverley, Avhere these 
Annals are supposed to be most original. But there 
are minute differences of detail which show that the 
writer of this chronicle was not copying the Annalist. 
Such are tlie insertion of the death of St. Hugh, Bishop 
of Lincoln (10103-4), the foundation of the order of 
Dominicans (10105), the reasons for the divorce of John 
from the daughter of the Earl of Gloucester (10108), 
which are from other sources. Again the writer differs 
from the Annalist and other authorities in placing the 
birth of Henry III. " at alle halwetid," or Nov. 1 
(10162), instead of on St. Remigius' day, which was 
the first of October. The meeting of the bishops to 
pronounce the interdict is placed " a lute biuore candel- 
masse" (10172), and the interdict is removed on St. 
Swithin's day, 2 July 1214, being a Wednesday (10482), 
as in the Winchester Annals, whereas in the Annals of 
Waverley the same day is described as the feast of SS. 
Processus and Martinianus. The visit of the papal legate 
Pandulf and the submission of John are also added as 
they are to be found in Mattliew Paris (10401-10449), 
The marriage of Isabel, daughter of the Earl Marshal, to 
Gilbert Earl of Gloucester is mentioned also in the Annals 
of Tewkesbury (10500-1), and the appointment of 
Alexander Neckham abbot of Cirencester (10502-3) is to 
be found in the Annals of Dunstable. The causes of the 
war with the barons (10488-10,499) and its beginning 
(10503-10531) are related with greater detail than in 
the Annals of Waverley, but the further incidents of the 
contest and the rest of the events of the kind's reio-n 
are briefly given as by the Annalist. 

c 2 



xxxn 



PREFACE. 



For the first year of Henry the Third's reign the 
narrative of the Chronicle agrees with that in the Annals 
of Waverley as far as the retreat of Lewis (10560-10621). 
The sum of ten thousand marks (10626), which was 
paid to Lewis on this occasion by the king, agrees with 
the actual sum mentioned in the Close EoUs (p. 41 5), 
whereas in the Chronicle of Melrose the amount is stated 
as ten thousand pounds, and in Koger of Wendover as 
"quinque millia libras sterlingorum," while in the 
Annals of Waverley the transaction is more vaguely 
described, ''accepta . . . non modica quantitate 
pecuniEe." The account of " Sir Eichard fiz le rei," the 
bastard son of king John, whose daughter married Sir 
Maurice de Berkeley, is apparently added by the writer 
from personal knowledge (10628-10635). In Dugdale's 
Baronage (i. 353) the wife of Sir Maurice de Berkeley 
is said to have been Isabel de Creoun, a niece of 
William de Valence, earl of Pembroke.'^ Their son. Sir 
Thomas de Berkeley, who succeeded his father in 1281, 
was in all probability a contemporary of the chronicler. 
In the brief calendar of the events which follow in the 
years from 1218 to 1256 (10636-10977), the narrative 
agrees for the most part with the Annals of Waverley, 
v/ith occasional additions which are to be found in the 
records of other monasteries, such as the Annals of 
Tewkesbury, Dunstable, Bermondsey, and Oseney, 
the probability being that the writer had access to 
some similar record in his own monastery which has 
now disappeared. From this point onward we seem 
to come to the chronicler's own period, of which he 
writes with the knowledge of one who was assisted 
by contemporary tradition and even by personal 
experience. 



* In Atkyns' History of Glouces- 
tershire she is described as his 
second wife, the first being Isabella, 



the illegitimate daughter of Richard 
earl of Cornwall. 



PREFACE. XXXm 

I have already called attention to the evidences of 
local knowledge which occur in the narrative of the 
barons' wars, and it is unnecessarj'- to repeat them. The 
chronicle terminates abruptly with the murder of Henry 
son of Richard earl of Cornwall at Viterbo in 1270 on St, 
Gregory's day by Guy de Montfort. 

The Appendix contains the additions to the earlier 
portions of the history which are to be found in the MSS. 
of the later recension, as well as the shorter continuation 
from the death of Henry the First which is also peculiar 
to these MSS. Of the additions it may be said generally 
that those indicated by the letters B, C, D, E, F, G are 
taken mainly from Geoffrey of Monmouth. The greater 
part of H is also from the same source, but the account 
of Morbidus and his conflict with the sea monster is 
much expanded, and it is clear that in this the writer 
has borrowed from La;amon. Indeed the influence of 
Latamon is apparent in the description of the death of 
Bladud, Appendix E. Compare " & J)er he nom his fe]>er- 
home" (1. 2) with the earlier version of La^amon, 2878, 
" his fe^er-home he dude him on " ; and lines 4, 5, 
" & fley him swi]?e an hey 

Vp bi ]?o lofte fer • and ]?e wolkne was wel ney," 

with La^amon (2881-2883), 

tseih him to j^on lufte • 

he ferde swi'Se heh^e :' 

|)ere wolcne he wes swiSe nih. 
Again (1. 5), 
" {)e wynd com mid stormes -J^o we|?elede his fe]?eres *' 
compared with La^amon (2884, 5), 

Jpe wind him com on wij^ere :' 

weo^eleden his fluhtes. 

In G also it is evident that the writer had the earlier 
version of Laiamon before him. Compare lines 8, 9, 
Se]?j?e was king Marke • ];ritti wikes alyue 
Gorbodiagus ]7er after • her was vif ^er king 



XXXIV PREFACE. 

With La^amon, 8920-23: 

Suo'Sen com king Marke :' 
he wes j^ritti wiken king. 
|7eo com Gorbodingo :' 
he wes fif ^ere god king. 
The account of Ferrex and Porrex is also clearly written 
under the influence of Latamon. Compare 1. 27, 

So |?at ]?e king & frendes • him lende faire ferde, 
with Latamon, 3974, 

"f)e king him lende ane ferd." 
Again, in the narrative of the murder of Porrex, 1. 85, 
Porex slep on boure . sikerliche him ]?oute 
is clearly from Latamon, 4002, 5 : 
Poreus lai on bure t 



& he siker slepte. 
And tlie lines which follow, 36-40, are from Latamon, 
4006-4017 : 

Con] is moder li^en :' 

mid leo^lichen creseften. 

mid o]>er swic (? six) wiuen :' 

mid six longe cniuen. 

])eo uniseli ^ moder r' 

]ms hire sune murSde. 

heo carf him ]?ene swure atwa f 

a wur]?e hire wa. 

]>e uniselie moder t' 

mid sexe hine to-snaede, 

& al to-dpelde :' 

ll from oJ?ere. 
It must be remembered that there is nothing of this in 
Geoifrey of Monmouth and that in Wace the details are 
diflferent. The punishment of the wicked queen ludon 
is also omitted b\' both these authorities. 

' In line 39 of Appendix G I " vnfele," though this is clearly the 
should probably read " vusele " for | reading of the MS. 



PREFACE. XXXV 

Again, compare lines 47-50, 

&5 echman .sloii o]?ev 
k, robbecle & reuede • ]>ei he were his bro)>er 
Her was hunger & hete • wo was pe vnstronge 
Her was rauche manquahn • wrake was in lande 
Fewe lefde alyue • 

with La^arnon, 4038-4044 : 

elc mon raeuede oSer t 
J?eah hit weren his bro'Ser. 
wrake wes on londe :' 
wa wes J»oiie vnstonge. 
Her wes hunger & hete :' 
her wes ah^e hsermene mest. 
her wes muchel mon-quahn r' 
]?at lut her quike bi-lefden. 

In the account of Cloten we find further instances of 
the direct influence of Latamon. For example, lines 
57-6G, 

Ac cloten hadde mest ri^te • to ];isse kyneriche 
Ac l^e ojjere were streugore • & Richore oniliche 
& cloten hi for leten • & his foredene for howede 
&5 Cloten hadde cornewail in pes • & wel he hit 

louede 
Anne sone he hadde ])o • was god & hardi knyt 
He was fair & eke mucbe • & kene on eche fyt 
(Szi was leue cousti • & J^ewes hadde gode 
Fair man he was ynou • & eke of milde mode 
& king was after Cloten • dunual his name was 
So fair king ase he neuer er • in ]ns londe ysey^e nas 

compared with Latamon (4060-4081), 

Ah Cloten hrefde mest riht :' 
to ateu J>as riclie. 
ah ]7a oSere weoven ra^here :' 
& eke heo weoren richere. 
of golde & of garisurae :' 



XXXvi PREFACE. 

and of gode londe. 

Cloten heo o-scuneden ^ 

& his fseredene for-howede. 

Cloten hauede Cornwale t 

pat he heold wel one gri-Se, 

Cloten hauede enne sune :f 

pe sel wes on eor^e. 

he wes feir he wes muchchelr' 

to feahte he wes msere, 

cniht he wes kene :' 

& he wes ^eua custi. 

monie ]?ewes gode :' 

he hauede on his moda. 

His none (?nome) wes ihote Jjus.*^ 

Donwallo Molinus. 

]7is wes ]?e feiruste mon r' 

]?e ffiuere aehte aar |?usne kinedom. 

The remainder of the additional lines in Appendix G 
are founded on Geoffrey of Monmouth, with some slight 
variations. For instance, Geoffrey says nothing of the 
nine ships (1. 103) with which Brennius returned from 
Norway ; or that Belinus held his parliament at York 
(1. 123), although the latter fact is mentioned both by 
Wace and La^amon. The four great ways (11, 135-152) 
also are described Avith greater detail than by Geoffrey. 

In Appendix H we again find the influence of Lata- 
mon, although the writer in this, as in other insertions, 
has mainly followed Geoffi'ey of Monmouth, Compare, 
for instance, 1. 21, 

Damns on his dawe • one chiuese ^ him ches . 

with La^amon, 6355-6 : 

]^es Damns on his deie :' 
ane chiuese him ichaes. 



' Chinese is an error of the MS. 



PREFACE. XXXVll 

And again, 1. 25, 

A kniit he was swi)7e god • ac to wemed of ynou 

with Latamon, 6365-8 : 

cniht he wes swi^e strong :' 
kene and custi muchel and long, 
of alia |?igen heo weore god ^ 
lif heo neore to warned. 

If any more conclusive proof were wanting it might be 
given by comparing 1. 32, " For his wif ywemned was," 
with Latamon, 6380, " his wif wes awemmed ; " where 
" wif" is in both passages an error for "wit," as may be 
seen by reference to the latter version of Laiamon, which 
gives " his wit was i-wemmid." Throughout the history 
of Morbidus the writer has copied Latamon so closely 
that the instances of resemblance are too numerous to 
quote, and I content myself with inviting a comparison 
of lines 21-89 with Latamon, 6355-6526. This passage 
is decisive, because in the narrative of the conflict of 
Morbidus with the sea-monster, La^amon 'differs both 
from Wace (Li Romans de Brut, ed. Le Roux de Lincy, 
3467-3520) and from Geoffrey of Monmouth (III. 15). 
The indel;>tedness of the writer to La^amon does not end 
here. There are many other parallel passages in Ap- 
pendix H which might be pointed out, but it would be 
tedious to quote them, and having given the hint I leave 
those who will to follow out the investigation for them- 
selves. 

The short insertions given in the Appendix, and 
marked with the letters I to R, have not been traced to 
their source ; but the account of the taking of Cirences- 
ter by king Gormond (App. S) agrees with that given 
by La^amon (ed. Madden, III. 170-174 ; see notes, p. 
415) and more briefly by Wace (ed. Le Roux de Lincy, 
ii. 244, 5), but appears to be from an independent au- 
thority. It is also to be found with some differences of 
detail in Robert of Brunne. 



XXXviii PREFACE. 

The story of the insult which St. Augustine received 
from, the inhabitants of Rochester, and their punishment 
(App. T) is to be found in Wace and La^amon, though 
in most MSS. the incident is assigned to Dorchester. 
See Sir Frederic Mad den's note on La^amon (iii. 419- 
421), where the whole question is fully discussed. 

Appendix U is from Geoffrey of Monmouth. 

The finding of a portion of the body of Sigebert, as de- 
scribed in Appendix V is related also in the Chronicles 
of Thomas of Walsingham and William of Rishanger. 

I have not been able to discover any other authority 
for the brief account of St. Formond king of Essex in 
Appendix W, and the story of St. Kenelm's head (App. 
X) does not agree with that in Roger of Wendover and 
elsewhere. The benefactions of Ethelwolf to the church, 
as narrated in Roger of Wendover, are assigned to 
Egbert in Appendix Y. The discovery of the body of 
St. Edmund (App. Z) is also told in Roger of Wendover. 

In the longer insertions, marked A A, BB, EE, II, 
the writer follows William of Malinesbury. The shorter 
additions are unimportant and not easy to trace. 

We now come to the continuation of the history 
from the end of the reign of Henry the First, which 
is characteristic of the MSS. of the later recension. I 
have already called attention to the fact that the reign 
of Stephen occupies very nearly the same space as in the 
longer continuation, and that the author follows the 
same original authority, Henry of Huntingdon. The 
brief calendar of the events of Henry the Second's reign 
might be taken from various sources. The beginning of 
the reign of Richard is singularly like that in the Annals 
of Burton, in which the chronicler whose narrative is 
followed is likewise called Hugh of Hoveden instead of 
Roger. Compare App. XX, lines 515-520, with the Annales 
de Burton (ed, Luard, p. 188) : " Rex Ricardus coronatus 
'^ est. Hie fuit bellicosus ct fortunatus in adversis. 
" Regnum Anglise et omnes terras transmarinas tenuit in 



PREFACE. XXXIX 

" vita sua, sod armorum exercitio. Quanfciis ctiani facrifc 
" si quis scire voluerit, legat Chronica magistri Hugonis 
" de Hovedene." The death of Richard is from Hoveden, 
and possibly the reign of John also, but the events arc 
so briefly related that the narrative cannot be traced to 
any certain original. The same remark applies to the 
reigns of Henry the Third and Edward the First, with 
whose accession in 1272 the shorter continuation of 
the Chronicle ends. 

In concluding this analysis of contents I can only 
repeat my former confession that it is by no means 
satisfactory to myself, and that I am unable to frame 
even a plausible theory of the manner in which the 
Chronicle has been compiled. That two writers at least 
have been at work is tolerably certain, and I am inclined 
to believe that there may have been more, for the power 
of producing doggerel verse, in ballad metre, of which 
this is a gigantic specimen, appears to have been a not 
uncommon accomplishment at the end of the thirteenth 
century. For this reason, I think that the metrical 
Lives of the Saints, from which the writer of the Chronicle 
frequently quotes, and especially in the history of Becket, 
have been too hastily attributed to Robert of Gloucester. 
The verse is the same, it is true, and the language is the 
same, but this at most proves that the Lives of the Saints 
were the work of some monk or guild of monks be- 
longing to a Gloucestershire monastery, perhaps even 
to the abbey of Gloucester itself. They can only be 
assigned to the writer of the Chronicle on the supposition 
that there was but one person in England at the end 
of the 13th century who could write in this style, and 
for evidence that this was not the case we need go no 
further than the Chronicle itself as it appears in the two 
recensions. 

As history, it will have been seen from the foregoing 
analysis that the Chronicle possesses no original value 



xl PREFACE. 

except for the period of the barons' war in the reign of 
Henry the Third, when the narrative becomes that of a 
contemporary. 

As literature, it is as worthless as twelve thousand 
lines of verse without one spark of poetry can be. Here 
and there we find a trace of the quiet humour in which 
gentle duluess delights, but of this the instances are 
rare and widely scattered. 

To the student of the earlier forms of English the 
language of the Chronicle is of the greatest value. The 
discussion of philological questions would be out of place 
in this Preface, but in the copious various readings, and 
the full Glossarial Index, the student of early English will 
find ample materials both for grammar and vocabulary. 

It remains for me now to describe the MSS. which 
I have employed. These fall into two groups as they 
belonof to the earlier or the later recension of the 
Chronicle. For the sake of clearness I have denoted 
the MSS. of the earlier recension by the Roman capital 
letters A, B, C ; and those of the later recension by the 
Greek letters a? ^, y, 5, 6. 

A. British Museum. Cotton Caligula A. xi. This MS., 
which is used for the text of the present edition, belongs 
to the earlier part of the 14th century, and was written 
about 1.320-1330. It is on vellum, and occupies foil. 
3-1 GS of the volume in which it is found, the contents 
of which are described literally as follows on the fly 
leaf: — 

Catalogus Tractatufi in isto volumine. 

1. Roberti Glocectrensis Historia rythmis Anglicanis 
(a Bruto nempe) ad Hen. 3. 

2. Pierce Plougheman. 

3. Quid deceat raonachus vel qualis debeat esse ; ver- 
sibus Elegiacis : sancto Aldelhino autore. 

On fol. 3 is written, in Sir Robert Cotton's own 
hand, " Historia Regum Anglige ad Henricum tertium a 



PREFACE. xli 

" Roberto Glocestrensi qui eodem tempore floruit." At 
fol. 14 is inserted a fragment from the shorter metrical 
chronicle, a MS. of which is preserved at the end of 
Add. MS. 19677, and which is printed by Ritson in his 
Metrical Romances, ii. 270-318. After fol. 74 two leaves 
are missing, and their place is supplied in the present 
edition by an extract from the Harleian MS. 

The Cotton MS, had once been in John S tow's posses- 
sion, as is evident from the names inserted on fol, 164 h, 
which are in his handwriting. There are also many 
notes by Selden, which are printed by Hearne in his 
Appendix, Num. vi., and described as in a later, but 
unknown, hand. 

B. British Museum, Harleian 201. This MS. was 
wi'itten at the end of the 14th century, about 1.390- 
1400. It was used by Hearne for the text of his 
edition (1724, reprinted 1810), but as it is unfinished 
and leaves off in the middle of a page at line 9529, he 
supplemented it from the Cotton MS. The Harleian 
MS, " was among the books that belong'd to Q^ Symonds 
d'Ewes" (Letter from J. Bridges to Hearne, 12 March 
172|- ; Rawlinson MSS., 3, 83), and was bought with his 
other MSS. by the Earl of Oxford. It was written by 
two scribes, the change of hand beginning with fol. 52 
and continuing to the end. In the earlier part we find 
" sh " represented by " sch," and in the latter by " ss." 

C. British Museum, Add. 19677. Written about 1390- 
1400 ; vellum ; imperfect ; begins at line 4684, 

vif hundred & seuene & f ourty as me telle can, 
and ends in the middle of a page, at line 11813, 
a coseil he made & schewede ]P ]>e popes hest ; 

after which are added the words " et s^ finit^," followed 
by the short English Chronicle mentioned above as 
printed by Ritson, and beginning, 

Herkene)? hiderward ^e lordynges. 



Xlii PREFACE. 

Besides these there are two MSS. of the first recen- 
sion which I have not collated, because they are too 
late for my purpose. One of them is in the British 
Museum, Add. 18631, and was written about 1430-1440. 
It formerly belonged to the Earl of Denbigli, of whom it 
was purchased 10 May 1851, and a note at the begin- 
ning states that it is the book referred to by Dugdale in 
his Warwickshire (p. 58) and Baronage (ii. 441). The 
MS. ends at line 12014. 

Than was that lond in pes w*outon dysturbance. 

The other MS. of the earlier recension is that in the 
Hunterian Museum, Glasgow (v. 3, 13). It was written 
about 1560-1570, and I was at first inclined to regard 
it as a modernized transcript of the Cotton MS., made 
perhaj)s while the latter was in Stow's possession, for 
it contains the inserted names in lines 11723, 11724. 
But further examination proves that this is not the 
case. The misplaced lines 11858-11861 stand as in 
the Cotton MS., and when the original transcriber 
breaks off abruptly in the middle of line 12024 the 
line is completed in another hand, which also adds 
the remainder of the chronicle, evidently from the 
Cotton MS., the same blanks being left in the last 
two lines. It is from this Hunterian MS. that Camden, 
in his Remaines (p. 8, ed. 1614), quotes the description 
of England, with which the Chronicle opens, as from 
" Okie Robert of Glocester in the time of king Henrie 
•' the 3." It is probable that the MS. at one time be- 
longed to Stow, for Camden (ihid., p. 112), in his Chapter 
on Surnames, quotes the famous reply of Mabel Fitz- 
Hamon to Henry the First in the following form : — 
It were to me a great shame, 
To have a Lord withouten his twa name. 

It will be seen on reference to the text and notes of the 
present edition, lines 8886, 7, that the reading given by 
Camden is supported by none of the eight MSS. which I 
have collated, but the MS. in the Hunterian Museum has 



PREFACE. xliil 

So fair heritage as I have yt were me great shame 
for to have a Lord without his two na,me, 

and this agrees so nearly with Camden's quotation that, 
coupled with the fact that the opening lines of the 
Chronicle are also given by him from this MS., it is fair 
to conclude that it originally formed part of Stow's 
library. On the covers of the MS. are stamped the arms 
of a previous owner, " or, three lions passant," which, if 
the gold of the field be really or and not that of the 
stamp, may be the arms of Carew. 

Of the MSS. of the later recension I have collated 
the following : — 

a. Trinity College, Cambridge, E.. 4. 26. Written on 
vellum about 1400. It must have been a careful copy 
of an earlier MS., for, judging by the inflexions and 
grammatical forms, the language cannot be distinguished 
in point of date from that of the Cotton MS., which is 
at least half a century earlier. It was given to the 
Library by Thomas Nevile, Dean of Canterbury, and 
Master of Trinity College from ]593 to 1615. 

jS. Bodleian Library, Oxford, Digby 205. This MS., 
which belongs to the early part of the 15th century, 
was formerly in the possession of Thomas Allen, of 
Gloucester Hall, and was left by him to Sir Kenelm Digby. 
Hearne (Preface, § xx) was of opinion that Allen had two 
MSS. of Robert of Gloucester, one of which is that now in 
the Bodleian, the other having disappeared ; and he sug- 
gested that it might be the same " that was sometime in 
" the Hands of the late Mr. Thomas Britton, the famous 
" Musical Small-Coal Man." J^'or this opinion I do not 
think there is sufficient ground. Hearne's principal 
reason for supposing that Allen had two MSS. was that 
the MS. in the Bodleian was apparently different from 
that used by the writer of the remarks "in a late, but 
" unknown, hand, at the Beginning of the Cottonian 
" MS. of Robert of Gloucester, relating to the age of the 



xliv PREFACE. 

" Author, and containing two Passages from a MS. copy 
" of this Historian, that was formerly in the hands of 
" the learned Mr. Thomas Allen." This "late, but 
" unknown, hand," is certainly Selden's, who in his 
History of Tythes (p. 20G, ed. 1618) quotes two lines of 
Robert of Gloucester from Mr. Allen's MS. Comparing 
this quotation and those given in the remarks, " in a 
" late, but unknown, hand," which Hearne has printed 
in his Appendix, Num. vi., p. 609, with MS. Digby 205, 
it will be seen that they agree very closely, the only 
differences being in minute points of spelling, which the 
transcriber has not followed exactly, and has sometimes 
modernized. The variations are not such as would 
imply the existence of another MS. from which the 
quotations might be taken, and I therefore doubt very 
much whether Thomas Allen had more than the one 
copy of Robert of Gloucester, which is now Digby 205 
in the Bodleian Library. 

Mr. Robert Keck, " who was formerly Gentleman- 
" Commoner of University College, and died in the 
" year 1719" (Hearne, Preface, p. x.), "was a young 
" Gentleman extremely inquisitive after Books in old 
" English," and had a transcript made of the Digby 
MS., which, says Bridges in a letter to Hearne (Mar. 
23, 172|, KawHnson MSS. 8, 84), " I believe went with 
" the rest of his Books, to Mr. Keck of Tew in your 
" County of Oxon." 

7. University Library, Cambridge, Ee. 4. 81, vellum, 
about 1430-1440. The readings of this MS. so closely 
correspond with those of Digby 205 that it is seldom 
quoted by itself, and when ^y are given as the autho- 
rities for any reading the exact form is that of ^, the 
variations of y being so trifling as not to be worth 
recording. 

As far as folio 82 no metrical merks are found. On 
folio 83 the mark : is used. The first few lines of 
folio S4<(i, have a full point in the middle, and then the 



PREFACE. xlv 

mark :' is used as far as folio 92. After this' v/ is found. 
The handwriting changes after folio 83. From this 
point sell of the earlier part becomes sJi : y rarely 
occurs, and it takes the place of hyi. The MS. formed 
part of Bishop More's collection, which was presented 
to the University by George the First. 

A transcript of y is among the Rawlinson MSS. in 
the Bodleian Library. 

S. Lord Mostyn's Library, Mostyn, Flintshire, No. 259. 
Shelf mark, H. 7. c. Number in the old catalogue, 38. 
The MS. is on vellum and was written about 1440. 
It is mentioned in the Appendix to the Fourth Report 
of the Historical MSS. Commission, p. 361, but the 
specimens there given are so curiously disfigured either 
by the writer or printer of the description as to be 
scarcely intelligible. After line 8569 the handwriting- 
changes. 

e. Pepysian Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge, 
No. 2014, vellum, written about 1430-1440. A frag- 
ment, containing lines 4216-5811, Appendix IL, lines 
1-18, lines 8557-9137, and Appendix XX. 

In addition to these, there is an imperfect paper MS. 
of the second recension in the British Museum, Sloane 
2027, written about 1450-1460. It begins at line 191, 
Fram the be gynnyng Off the world • to tyme that 
now ys, 
and ends with the reign of Henry the Third, but some- 
what differently, 

Tho Come ys sone harry / & this londe nome 
And ffifftye ter and six / he helde this kingdome 
In his dayes as ytt y wrytyn ys / was the barons 

werre 
That broughte aH Englonde, yn to Ryghte grete 
dere. 
The Heralds' College MS., readings from which are 
given by Hearne in his notes and marked Ar., is partly 

U 35441. d 



xlvi PREFACE. 

in prose and partly in verse, the latter being a garbled 
version of Robert of Gloucester. It is a late produc- 
tion, and a sufficient account of it will be found in 
Black's Catalogue of the Arundel MSS. in the Library 
of the College of Arms (1829), pp. 104-110. This 
account was reprinted in Sir T. D. Hardy's Descriptive 
Catalogue of Materials relating to the History of Great 
Britain and Ireland, III, pp. 183-187. 

A cop}'- of the Heralds' College MS. is in the Pepysian 
Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge. It was made 
for Sir William Hayward, and after his death came into 
the possession of Pepys, who brought it of Mills the 
bookseller, October 2, 1695, for 4:1. 10s. The first part 
was written by " one Ben net heretofore servant to Sir 
" W. Dugdale," the latter by Samuel Staben, servant to 
Mr. Gregory King, Lancaster Herald, by whom the 
whole was examined with the original and attested. 

In printing the text of this edition I have followed 
the Cotton MS. as closely as possible, only correcting 
obvious errors, without attempting to introduce better 
readings which are found in other MSS. Sometimes 
the correction is inserted in the text itself, and some- 
times I have made it in the Glossary. In three instances 
at least it would have been better had I made the 
correction in the text. These are in line 4212, where 
" barn" is an error for " baru," in 1. 9597, where ''newe " 
is an error for " uewe," and App. H. 21, wdiere" Chinese " 
is an error for " chiuese." 

With regard to the various readings of the other MSS. 
I have not thought it worth while to note all those which 
uniformly recur. After giving a sufficient number of 
instances as illustrations I have ceased to record them. 

It will be observed that I have given a long list of 
"corrections." These are for the most part of slight 
importance, and are such as are inevitable in a work of 
this kind. But by far the largest number have been 



PREFACE. xlvii 

rendered necessary, because I trusted too much to the 
correctness of Hearne's edition as representing the 
Harleian MS., and gave the readings of B on the 
authority of Hearne, whose substantial accuracy as an 
editor I had tested by comparing his text with the first 
thousand lines of the original from which he printed. 
Having found that he was not to be trusted implicitly 
in minute particulars, I verified every quotation from B 
by the MS. itself, with the result that there is an 
apparently formidable list of errata. At the same time 
I have taken the opportunity of making some correc- 
tions in the Glossary and Index of Names. 

In conclusion, I have to record my obligations to those 
to whom I have been indebted for various acts of 
kindness and assistance in the course of the work, 
although many of them have already passed beyond the 
reach of my acknowledgements. Among these I will 
especially mention the late Sir Frederic Madden, Dr. E. 
A. Bond, Mr. E. M. Thompson, and other officers of the 
British Museum, from whom I have received constant 
courtesy and attention; the late Rev. H. O. Coxe, 
formerly Bodley's Librarian, the Rev. J. W. Nutt, once 
sub-Librarian at the Bodleian, and Mr. George Parker, 
Oxford ; the late Mr. Henry Bradsbaw, University 
Librarian, Cambridge ; the late Lord Mostyn ; the 
Master and Fellows of Magdalene College, Cambridge ; 
the late Dr. Weir, Professor of Hebrew, and Dr. Jebb, 
Professor of Greek, in the University of Glasgow. The 
admirable transcript of the Cotton MS., made for me by 
Mr. E, Brock, materially lightened my labours. 

To those who from time to time have had the control 
of this series of Historical Memorials I desire to express 
my thanks for the patience with which they have borne 
with the various delays which have attended the com- 
pletion of the work. For some of these I may have 



Xlviii PREFACE. 

been blameworthy, aud I can only say in my own 
defence that at the very time when I began seriously to 
devote myself to the preparation of this edition, I was 
appointed to a laborious and responsible college office, 
and became secretary to the Company appointed for the 
Revision of the Authorised Version of the Old Testa- 
ment, of which Company I was also a member. These 
occupations left me but scanty leisure for purely literary 
work. My hope is nevertheless that no one will find 
it necessary to go over the same ground after me. 

William Aldis Wright. 

Trinity College, Cambridge, 
16 November 1886. 



List of MSS. used. 

A. British Museum Cotton Caligula A. xi. 

B. „ ,, Harleian 201. 

C. „ „ Add. 19677. 

a. Trinity College, Cambridge, E. 4, 26. 

^. Bodleian Library, Oxford, Digby 205. 

y. University Library, Cambridge, Ee. 4. 31. 

8. Lord Mostyn's Library, Mostyn, Flintshire, No. 259. 

e. Pepysian Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge, No. 2014. 

The numbers printed in square brackets in the margin indicate 
the pages of Hearne's edition. 



THE CHRONICLE 



OF 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



Cotton MS. Caligula, A. xi., fol. 3. 

"pNgelond his a wel god lond • ich wene ech londe best • [i] 

Iset in ]7e on ende of ]>e • woiide as al in ]?e west • 
pe see gej? him al aboute • he stond as in an yle • 
Of fon hii dorre |?e lasse doute • bote hit be ])orz gyle • 
Of folc of ]7e sulue lond • as me ha]? iseye twile • 5 
Fram sou)?e to nor]? he is long » eitte hondred Mile • 
tfc tuo hundred mile brod • fi-am est to west to wende • 
Amidde ]?e lond as hit be • & nott as bi ]>e on ende • 

1. a wel . . , best] lyght a merj'e lond • of alle oj^ere on w' J>e best S. 
(I luel god lond] AB ; swil^e goiid a ; ryjt good 0y. ich] ABa ; I ySy. 
ech] of cche B ; hit is a)3y. 

2. Iset . . . west] In on (one /Sy) ende hit is iset (ysette fiy) ; of \>e 
worlde al in J>e west a/Sy. oji] om. B. as] as here 5. 

3. pe] ABS ; And \>e a^y. ye)> him] go\) him B ; get a ; go}? y3y ; gothe 
hyt S. he stond as in aii] he stout as an B ; hit stond also on 
a ; hit stondel^ also in one 0y ; hyt stant ryght as an S. 

4. Of] Here B. hii dorre] heo durre B ; hit Kirf a; hit har /3y ; we 
dar S. lasse] lesse y. bote hit] Bot yf it 5. 

5. folc] fol B. sulue lond] selue lond B ; sulfe londe a ; selfe londe 0y. 
me] men /3y. ha\> iseye] hit isey a ; hit sej> /Sy ; hath sej'ne S. 
yvile] wyle B ; while a^y ; sum whyle 5. 

6. Fram . . . long] Fram be sou> ende to Jjo nortb bej> (northe ben 
By) a/3y ; Fram J>e sothe to J>e noi-the hit is longe 5. 

7. tuo] foure B. fram] fromB, est] \>e Este 5. to west] west aj3y. 

8. Amidde] Amyddes By. \>e] \>o B. as] ase J'ci a ; as )>ou) /3y. 

§• 7io)< «s] AB ; & norjjest a ; and norjjwest /3 ; and norwest y. 
i>e] om. a/3y. 

35441. A 






2 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Plente me may in engelond • of alle gode ise • 
Bote vole hit vorgulte • o]?er ^eres ]>e worse be • 10 

Vor engelonde is vol ino^ • of frut • & ek of tren • 
Of wodes & of parkes • ]?at ioye hit is to sen • 
Of foweles & of bestes • of wilde k, tame also • 
Of salt iichl & eke verss • of vaire riuers j^er to • 
Of wellen sAvete & colde inon^ • of lesen & of mede • 15 
Of seluer or Sz of gold • of tyn k ek of lede • 
[2] Of stel of yre & of bras • of god corn gret won • 
Of wit & of wolle god • betere ne may be non • 
Wateres he ha]; ek inoui • ac at uore alle o]?ere ]>re • 
Out of ]>e lond in to J?e se • armes as ]?ei it be • 20 
■tware bi ]>e ssipes mowe come • fram ])e se & wende • 
And bringe alonde god ino:^ • abonte in eche ende • 



9. wie] men Py. in C7tiiehnd'\ on engelond a ; on Englondo fiy. 
alle (jode /st'] alle gonde i.sco a ; al good jse ^y. 

10. Bole . . . he] Bot yf hit be for oure giilte • that \>s %erys ))e wers be 5. 
Bote] Elite B ; Bote l-a a ; But ^if /8 ; But yf 7. rori/ulte] for gulte 
Ba ; forgilt ySy. 1>/'] jnit afiy. be] beo a. 

11. lo?-] For Uafiy. eiif/elonde] cnglode A. vol hwi,] fill 
ynow B; goud ynou n; goodynoiu By- . /''"'] ^i'"3't 15" ; frute y3y. 
Sf eh of] & of B5. 

19. parhes] parkes bo}>e ay; parkes bo)- /3. ////] yl B; oni. aySy. 

13. of wilde] wWAti afiyS. t^] & eke a^. 

14. etie rerss] eche fresch B ; of fersch o ; of fresche /3y. of vaire] and 
i'ayre B5; of faire a ; and of faire By. riuers] riuere a. 

15. ivellen'] wellene a ; welles B/3 ; wellys yS. swete] AB ; gond a ; 
good /3 ; goode 7. lexeii] AB ; lese 0/87 ; leseo 5. ^•] & eke 
a/SyS. 

16. or] om. 5. ^' of] AB ; & eke of a; and also of ^37. eh] A ; 
eke a ; om. BJ87. 

17. yre] yrn B. cS'] & eke a ; and also By\ om. 5. (jrcl] & gret a. 

18. wit~\ whyte B ; -vvhyta; whete 7. of] om. 7. n-olle yod] good 
wolle 5. lie] om. 5. 

19. he ha\t] J^er beha ; )'?r ben By. eh] eke gode B ; goad a ; good /35 ; 
goode 7. ar] & aBy, bot 5. at uore] at before B ; to for « ; 
to fore By^. )>«?] ben l>reo a ; ben )'re By- 

20. \>ei] |.ou; By. it] om. B5. 

21. \>e] om. aBy. viowe] mowen «; may By- fram] fro B. 
fram . . . irende] & to \>(i see wende S. 

22. alonde] on lond 15 ; to lond a ; to londe By^ iu] bi a -, by By- 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 3 

Severne • & temese • honiber is )?et ]?ridde • 

& l^anne is as two sei]? • j;at pur lond amidde • 

Homber bringi bi norj'e • muche god & wide • 25 

Severne bi west sou]; • temese bi ];e est side • 

So ]7at of god inoi • |>at in o|>cr londes his • 

per bi come]; to engelond • ];at non defaute nis • 

Yles ];er hep manion • aboute engelonde • 

Ac ]>eY he]) at uore alle o]>ere • J>re icli vnder stonde • 30 

Commendacio Anglie. 
pe yle of man );at me clupe]? • bitvene vs & irelonde • fol- 3 b, 
& Jje gret yle of orkeneye bi ionde scotlonde • 
pe ]n"idde is toward normandie • \e yle of witt bi sou];e • 
pre ]?e beste yles • \ese be]? & mest cou]7e • 
pe werste louerdes & maistres • ]7at in engelond were* 35 
pe chef tovnes hii lete • in engelonde are re • 
Londone • & ever^vik • lincolne • k, leicestre • 
Golchestre • &l kanterbury • bristowe . & wircestre • 

23. homher'] and humbre 5. is \>et] yt is J^e B ; is J)at a ; is \>e fiy^. 

24. \>anne] J^enne B ; om. ^y. ywo] \xo B ; who fiy ; who so a. 
\>(U pur'\ J'e pure B5 ; J-at poure a. 

2.5. brinyx'l bringej5 «/3 ; bryugej^ B; bryugeth y. muche'] meche 5; 

moche y. 

26. west] weste a. 

27. o/'] om. a/37. /"*] ys B7 ; is a^. 

28. p«'] par a ; Where fiy. non] no "Qa^yd. nis] ))er nis a ; J>er 
nys ^y ; ys 5. 

29. he\>] be y. aboute] a bouten a ; AllaboAvte 5. 

."50. Ac \>cr . . . \>re] Ac bifore J'e ol)ere alle • be)> \n-e a ; But bifore })er ot>er 
alle • ben t>re Py ; Bot |n-e Jiere betbc by fore Alle oj^ere as 5. al uore] 
to fore B. ich] I fiyS. 

31, Uit i>ie clupe\>] J'at me clepul' B; hit is iclepid a; is called j8 ; j'S 
callyd 7 ; J)at on me clepeth 5. 

32. 8f] om. B. orkeneye] orcadas a/So ; Orcbadas 7. 

34. ?//es] om. afiy. \>ese be\>] t>at beh a ; l->at ben Py. ^] and 
eke 5. inest] mest of name a ; most of name 187. 

35. werste] firste B ; ferste a ; first /3 ; fyrst 78. louerdes] lordes B/875 
(and passim). Yat in enf^elond] iu engelond l^at a ; in engloude bat 
j3 ; in Englond that 7. 

36. pe chef] Thes grete & chief 5. }.v] fese B7 ; peos a ; Thise /3. 
/ja] heo B ; hi a ; bei /3 ; J'ey 78. lete] lette /3. arere] A5 ; 
rere Ba/37. 

37. ^] om. 5 (before everuuk). 

38. Golchestre] Golchestre Ba^7. 

A 2 



4 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Chichestre • & grantebrugge • and ]?anne cirencestre • 
Derccestre • & winchestre • and suj^J^e Gloucestre • 40 
&; dpev grete tovnes • );at were ];o in wales • 
pis was ]70 in engelond brutons were iwis • 
Engelond ha]? ibe • inome & iwerred ilonie • 
Verst ])OYi\i grete loiierdes • ]>e emperours of rome • 
pat wTOtte & wonne engelond • & J^at lond nome • 45 
Sii);]?e ]7ort picars Sz scottes • j^at to engelond come • 
pat werrede & destruede • ac al clene ne wonne it no^t • 
Su]?]?e ])Ovt engliss and saxons • ]>Sit hider were ibrott • 
pori brutons for to helpe hem • & 8uJ?J;e hom over come • 
pe brutons ]?at hom heder bro^te • & ]?at lond hom 
binome • 50 

Su]?];e ha]? engelond ibe iwerred ilome • 
Of ]?e folc of denemarch • J;at ne bej? no^t ivt isome • 

39. cirencestre'] Circestre ; Cyrcestre y. 

40. Derccestre'] Dorcliestre B ; Dorkchestre a^y ; Derkchestre S. sit\>\>e] 
se]}]>e B ; seth 5 ; Jjanne afiy. 

41. were ]>o] >o were B ; weren J>o a5 ; were {'an /8 ; were thanne y. 

42. )5o] om. a^y. brutons] whenne Brutons fiy. 

43. ha]>] hauejj a, ibe inome] ben inome a ; be benome 5 ; be ytake 
^y. iwerred] iworrecl B ; werrecl S. ilome] lome a^y ; ryght lome 5. 

44. Verst] First B)3 ; Ferst a ; Fyrst 75. emperours] amjierurs a. 
of] were of 5. 

45. icro-^te] fo^te B ; fowghte 5; ferst a ; fiirst ^y. ^' ivonne] 
ywonuen a ; wonne ^y. \>at lond'] Jjulk lond 5; to ham hit a ; 
to hem hit fiy. nome] name jSy. 

46. Su]yl>e] Sehhe Ba ; Sitheu ^y ; Seth 5. J^o;-^] ^oru Ba; ))urgh B ; 
thorugh y. picars] picardes BajS-yS. to engelond come] })are 
come a ; J^er came By- 

47. Vat'] And aBy^. werrede] Aa ; worrede B ; werred y3S ; werryd y. 
destruede] dcstruiode B ; destruide a ; distroied By- ac] but By ; 
hot S. al] om. aByB. ne] \>e\ B ; J'ey 75. 

48. Su\>);>e] SeJ'he Ba ; Sith By- \>ory] om. aBy. enyliss] cn- 
glische BaB ; Englyssh 7. hider trere] were hidere a ; were hider By- 
ibroyt] broujt By ; broght S. 

49. .suJ>J>e] seh>e Bo ; sithen By- hom] hem B^7 ; ham a. come] 
came By- 

50. omitted in 5. hom] hem B ; ham a ; Jiei ^37. hcdcr] hyder B ; 
hedde a. ; haddu By- broyte] ybrought 7. Jiom] hem YjaBy. 
binome] byname ^87, 

51. Su\>\>c] SehK- Ba; Sithen By ; And seth 5. ha]^] haucj> a. ibe 
iwerred] iworred ben a ; ben werred By ; y worred be 5. ilome] 
lome 5 ; also many tyme By. 

52. denemarch] dencmark B ; Denmark ^37. ne bc\> .... isome] be> 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 5 

pat ofte womie engeloncl • and helde it bi maistrie • 
pe vif|;e time iwan engelond • ]?at folc of normandio • 
pat among vs AvonieJ? ivt • & ssullej? euere mo • 55 
We ssulle]? her after in j^ise boc • telle of al ]>is wo • 
Brutons was ]>e verste folc • ];at to engelonde com • 
Voiire kinges hii made ]fO • in Jjis kinedom • 
pe king of westsex and of kent • & of nor]?homber • 

pe J'ridde • 
& ]?c kyng of ])o march • j;at was here amidde • GO 

Commendacio Anglie. 
pe saxons & ]?e englisse • ]?o hii hadde al an honde • fol. 4. 
Vine &; Jjritti ssiren • hii made in engelonde • 
. Sou];sex • & so]?ereye • kent • & estsex • 
Barcssire • & hamptessire • k, Jeanne middelsex • 
Dorsete • & wiltessii'e • & somersete • al so • G5 

Deuenessire • & cornewaille • k, gloucestre ];'er to • 

no^t jet wel ysome B ; juyt ne biij> noujt some a ; jit is nou;t louge 
syne fiy ; bethe noglit jyt hyclii- welcome 5. 

53. Vat] They 5. wonne] wonnen «/3y. helde] hulde Ba. 

54. vif\>e] fifte Ba;3 ; fyft 7. jwf/?;] ■won B; wonnen a/87; I'^y 
wonnen S. \)at] Aa ; jio BS ; \>o 0y. 

.55. vs] ousa. wo?iie\>] Ao ; wonehBS; wonneJ5/37. ^vt] iotB; 

jiiyt a ; jit /3 ; yit 7 ; jyt S. ssulle]'] schulle)^ Ba ; schuUeu /3S ; 

shuUen 7. 

56. ssidle\>] schul B5 ; scliullc a ; schal /3 ; shal 7. m jj/sc ioc] in 
Jiis boI\e B ; on \>'ih booc a ; on his boke 0y. 

57. was] Am; were B/Sy., Jjc ucrs<e /o/c] he firste folc B ; J'at I'erste 
folc a ; he first folke By. \>at to engelonde] to engelond h<it a ; to 
Englondu hat fiy. to] in to S. 

58. Foitre] Foure B7 ; Four ayS. hii] heo B; hi a ; hei /8 ; they 7; 
hey 8 (and passim). marfe] maden Ba. ho] her ho a ; here 
hau By. m] on ay37 ; al in 5. kinedom] kyndome B ; kingdom a ; 
kyngdome ^37. 

59. Sf] om. a^7 (after Kent). nor\>homber] norhhober A. 

60. ^] om. 5. Yat] & hat 8. 

61. §• )>e] & aj37. ho] when ;3 ; whenne 7. hadde] haddeu B, 
an] on aj87. 

62. ssiren] schireu Ba ; schyre.s )35 ; shyres 7. made] maden B. 

63. sohe?-e//e] suhererije a. 

64. hamptessire] hamptschire B ; hampteschire a j hampschire /3; hamp- 
shyre 7. \>anne] |ienue B (and passim) ; her to afiy. 

65. ^] om, 8 (before iviltessirc). 

66. Deuenessire] Deneschire B, ^ gloucestre] of Gloacester 5; 



6 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ssropssire • & wurcestressire • & al so hereford • 
Chestressire • & warewikssire • Derbi • & Stafford • 
1-4-1 Lincolne • & hontindone • & al so bedeford • 

Bokinghani • & norpliamtone • & of oxenford • 70 

Norfolc • & souj^folc • & grantebriigge al so • 

Hertford • & leicestre • & notingham • J^er to • 

Euerwik • & cardoyl • & nor|>homberlond • 

pes ssiren w'ip oute Avalis • be); alle in engelond • 

Seventene bissopriclies • in engelond be]? al so • 75 

Cardoyl • Sz duram • & everwik \>ev to • 

Of ely • & of kanterburi • of norjjwik • & of roueestre • 

Of londone & of salesbury • of chichestre • of win- 

cestre • 
Of lincolne • & of chestre • & ek of wreestre • 
Of hereford • & of ba];e • & al so of eccestre • 80 

panne be]^ )?er in walls' • j^re wij? onte Mor • 
Sein dauid • tfc landaf • & suj^jje bangor • 

67. Ssj-opssire] Schoqjschire /3y. ivui-cestressire'] of wiicestre B ; 
wiicestre a ; Worccstre iSy ; of Wyrcestre 5. Sf al su] and of B. ; 
]>er to a ; & J^er to fiy ; aud eke of 5. 

68. warewikssire'] warwil B ; warewyk o ; Warwj k &yS. Derbi'] 
dorbi o. 

69. al so] of BS ; so a. 

70. of] so a^y ; om. 5. o.ve7iford] oxcnfox B. 

71. iVorfolc] NorbfolcB; Northfolc a; Northufolke /3 ; Northfolke y. 
yrantcbrugge] grauntebrigge B. 

74. \>es] f'ese B; pecs a; Thiae ;3 ; These y. ssiren] scliires B; 
schiren a ; schire /8y ; sch3'res 5. (tv> oute] with outen /8y. be\> alle] 
buh a ; ben /By. 

75. bissopriclies] bisshopes a ; Byschopes ^y. in] ou a. be)>] 
bujj a ; ben fiy. 

76. ^' duram] of Duram 5. Sf evcrwih] of Euenvyk 5. 

77. ely] hely a. o/?tor\>wik] of norJ)wiche B ; Northwich a; Noith- 
wychc fi. ^" of] of B ; & a0y. roueestre] rouchestre By. 

78. Sf] oni. Ba^y. salcsburi/] sahisbuii a. of wincestre] of wyn- 
ehestre B ; and wincestre a ; & AVynchestre /3y. 

79. ek] om. Ba/3y. icrceslrc] wircestre /8 ; wirecestre a ; Worcestre ;8y 
(and line 94). 

80. eccestre] excestre Ba/3y. 

81. be]> \>er] Aa ; >er bc)5 B ; ben her ,8y. ]rrc] foure a&y. zvi)> 
oute] with outen ^y. 

82. cy] om. ^y. landaf] landa}^ B. .5- su]>]ye] & sej'^e B ; genitassc 
& a ; Scyntasse and /3y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 7 

Of everwik • & kantcrbiuy • he]> crchebissoiies tvo • 

Duiam l)c|> & cardoyl • vnder everwik ido • 

&; alle j^e o)7ere of cngelond • & also of walls • 85 

Vnder ])C erehebissop be)? • of kanterbury iwis • 

pe saxons |;o in her poor • ])o hii were so riue • 

Seve kynges made in engelond • & sujjj^e bote vine • 

pc king of nor|;honiberlond • & of estangle al so ♦ 

Of kent • & of westsex • & of |>e march \>ev to • 90 

Descripcio Anglie. 

pe kyng of J^e marcli • )?iilke time hadde wel |"e beste • fol. 4 b. 

Muchedel of engelond • \>e on half al bi weste • 

Wircestressire & warewik • & also of gioueestrc • 

pat neii is al o bissopriehe • pe bissopes of wrcestre • 

He hadde ek j^er to chestre ssire • & derbi ssire al so* 95 

& Stafford ssire ]?at be]? alle in o bissopriehe ido • 

pe bissopriehe of chastre • & tut he hadde ])ev to • ['>] 

Scropssii-e som & aluendel • of warewik ssire al so • 

83. Sf] & of 187. be\>'\ hat ben Py. 

84. Durum] Durham a/37. ieh Sf cardoi/l] & Cardoile ben fiy. iifo'] 
do I3y. 

86. he] han a. bc\>] om. afiy. bi'l> of kantcrhuri/] of Caiiutur- 
biiry beth S. 

87. pe] om. a^y. Jic] om. Ba^yS. her'] heore B ; here a0y. jjo] 
■wheune ;8 ; when 7. 

88. Seve] Seuene ^87. made] heo maden B ; here hij made a ; here 
hei made 0y ; hey made 5. su\>\>e] sehen B ; sehhe a ; sithen ^87. 
bote] Aa ; bute B ; but ;87. 

89. §•] om. 0/87. of eslaiKjle] of estangle ek a ; of he Estangle fiy 
al so] ho ^y. 

90. §• of ivestsex] and Westsex 7. 

91. \>uil(e] hiike B ; hat 0/878. \^c] hat a5. 

92. he on] hat on a/87. 

93. of] om. afiy. 

94. nei-^ is] ys nej B ; is iiey aj87 • ys nyj 5. al] om. afiy. 0] 
he B. he bissopes] om. B ; of he Bysshopriph 8. 

9-5. He hadde . . . chestrcssire] Chestieschire he hadde ek a ; Chester, 
schire he hadde eke fiy. derbi ssire] dorbischhe a. 

96. be\>] ben ^37. alle] om. 8. o] on B. 

97. pe] In he B5 ; & he al3y. cluistre] chestre /3a. Sf] om. a^y. 

98. Sf] om. 187. aluendel] half B; halfuendele o; halfdel fiy. of] 
om. B5. 



8 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pis king hadde ek herefordssire • ]>at o bissopriclie is • 
Ac ssropssire ^eld}* haluendel • to J)iilke bissopriclie iwis • 
& som of gloucestressire • & of warewikssire al so • 101 
^iit hadde J^e kyng of ]?e march • wel more lond J?er 

to • 
Norhamtessire • &; bokingham • &5 J?e ssii'e of oxenford • 
Leicestre ssire • & lincolnc • & ]w ssire of hertford • 
pat is al o bissopriche • }>at of lincolne is • 105 

pat ^wile was at dercestre • biside oxenford iwis • 
^vt hadde \>g king of }?e march • notingham ssire J?er to • 
In ]>e bissopriche of everwik ♦ ac ]>o nas hit nott so • 
«fc al walls ivt J'er to • ]7at a gret lond is • 
Al ]>is was ^wile icluiDed • |>e march of walls • 110 

Vor Jjc lond bitvene homber • & ]?e water of temese iwis • 
Ich wene in ]?e bissopriche of lincolne hit is • 

99. pis king hadde eh] Also he hadde a ; And he hadde ySy. eA] also S. 
o] on B ; a 5. 

100. Ac] And afiyo. jeWh] uah B ; cm. aySyS. haliicndtl} halfuendel a; 
halfdel Hy. \>ulke'\ hilke ^&y ; >at 5. 

Lines 111, 112, are here inserted in 0^87. 

101. §• soni] Sum a; Somme fiy. S^' of] and y. 

102. ^ut] ^et B. 

103. Norhamtessire] Northamptschire B; Northamteschire a ; Northehamp- 
teschire fi ; Northehampschyre y ; Norhamton schyre 8. oxenford] 
oxenfort B. 

104. Leicestre ssire] LeycetreB; Leicestre a ; Leycestre /S^. §' K'] 
and half the 7. hertford] hertfort B. 

105. o] on B. 

106. yicile] wuleB; while a; somme tyme j8 ; somtyme 7 ; sum tyme 5. 
dercestre] dorchestre Bj67 ; dorkcestre a. oxeiford'] oxenfort B. 

107. of \>e march] of Mai'che 7. 

108. In] That in ^7. everwik] Euerwyk is Uy. ac] but fiy. 
ac . . . so] l^at was uoght J^o 5. 

Lines 113, 114 inserted here In a/87. 

1 09. d/] eke 0/37. jt^O o™- «'87 ; hehadS. a] oal3y. /sjekisa; 
eke is Py. 

110. \>is] i)es5. ywile] \>emieB ; whilenea; ^at tyme /375. ichtped] 
ycleped B ; icleped o ; clepud 5 ; callyde )8 ; callyd 7. 

111. Vor . . . iwis] Bcdefordeschire and Huntyngdoii schire with al his Py. 
be lond] hat lond hat B ; hulk londc 8 ; om. a. he] hat a. iivis] 
hat is iwis o. 

112. Ich tvene] I wene Hy ; As I wene 6, ////] om. B. 



ROBERT OF GL0UC'ESTE1{. 9 . 

And ]>e bissopriche of lincolne • & bi weste al J'at lond • 
pe king wide of |?e march • adde al in his hond • 
pe king of westsex adde ]>o • al wiltessire iwis • 115 
&i dorsete • & barcssire • }'at a bissopriche his • 
pe bissoprich of salesburi • & al sou|?sex ]>Qr to • 
pe welde • & al );e bissopriche • of chichestre al so • 
& soii)?hamtessire • & souj'ereye • |>at on bissopriche • is • 
pe bissopriche of winchestre • J^at tvt is ]?ere iwis • 120 

Deseripcio Anglie. 

& somersete }?at to welles • ]ndke time drout • foi. 5, 

& nou it is ]?c bissopriche of ba]?e • te wetej? wel inot • 
^vt adde ];e king of west sex • al deuenessire iwis • 
& cornewaille • j^at in ])e bissopriche • of eccestre is • 
pe king of kent was ]?o louerd • of al ]>e lond of kent • 125 [6] 
pat were tvo bissopriches • & ivt nis it nott ivent • 
pe bissopriche of kanterbury • j^at of engelond is hext • 
& ]?e bissopriche of roucestre • J?at in ]>e west side is next • 



113. ^ bi weste'] bi west a/Sy. 

114. pe king ivide] That tymej'e kynge 5. wulc] while a; soni tyme B; 
somme tyrae ^y. J^e] om. ^y. in his'] on is o. 

116. a] oBaj875. 

117. al] ova-afiy. sou)>scx] Sousex 7. \pcr to] he hadde also B ; ck 
l^er to a ; eke )>er to ^y. 

118. al] om. afiy. \>e] om. y, al so] her to B ; eke al so a/Sy. 

119. sou\>hamtessire] souhhampschiic B. soii\yerei/e] soj^crey B; Ho)'erei5.c «. 
on] o afiyS. 

120. is] om. a. 

121. Sj-] om. aPy. ]mlke] hike B. 

122. 8f] om. a$y. it] om. Ba0yS. tuete\)] wteh A ; wyteh B ; wete 5 j 
whiteh hit a ; weteh hit /3 ; wetyth hyt y. 

123. ^vt] Sehhe B. 

124. iiat] om. k/Sy. eccestre] exetre B. is] hat is 0/87. 

125. ivas . . . lond] hadde (had /3) ho in he loude a^y. loUeril] k^iig 
B ; kynge 8. cd hfl] ai ho B. 

126. pat were] pat y ; There were ho S. bissopriches] bischopes B. 
nis] ys 78. it] om. a/87. /fcn<] y went B ; ywent aS ; ywente ^y. 

127. of engelond is hext] is noble & hey (hye j3 ; hygh 7) a^-), 

128. §•] om. 0/87. s/rfe] om, a;37. next] ney a; nye /8 ; nygh 7. 



10 THE CHRONICLE OP 

pe king of estangle • king was of norj^folc • 

pe bissoprichc of nor]>wik • & al so of soiij^folc • 130 

& jje bissoprichc of ely j^at ]?e yle of ely is • 

& of grantebrugge ssirc • ]?at J^er to val]? iwis • 

pe kyng of nor]>homberlond • was king icli vnder stonde • 

Of al ])c lond bi iondc bomber • anon in to scotlonde • 

Alle ]>es kinges were j^o • ac bote on nov j^er nis • 135 

Vor ]7e king of westsex alle ]>& o]?ere wan iwis • 

& was iin]y]>e al one kyng • as onre kyng nov is • 

Her after in |ns boce • me ssal ihere al ]>is • 

In ]?e contrey of kanterbury • most plente of iiss is • 

& most chas a boute salesbury • of wilde bestes iwis • 140 

At londone ssipes mest • & win • at winchestre • 

At herevorde ssep • & orf • & frut at wirccstre • 

Sope abonte coiientre • & ire at gloucestre • 

Metal as led and tyn • in |?e contreie of ccccstre • 



129. estangle] \>c Estaugle fiy. 

130. pc] Of I'e a^y. nor];>wik'] norjnvych B ; Noithwich a ; Norwyche 7. 
al so of] ck of a ; eke ^y. 

131. §■] & of B ; And of 8. Yc yle'] in he yle a ; in he londe j8y, 

132. §•] A fiy. of] of al B; of alle 5; om. a/37. (jrantebrugge 
ssire] grantebtagge ssire A ; Ciimbrugge scbire B. vul\>] falleh 
Ba ; fallih fi ; fallytb y ; longeth 5. 

133. loas king] kyng was B. 

134. Oful])C lond] Al ajSy. \>e] \>o B. in to] to afiyh. 

135. AUc Yes] pese fyue B7 ; pus vif a; Tliise fyue /3 ; Tbes fyue 5. 
were] wereu /3. ac . . . nis] har nou bote on her uis a ; her now but 
one is fiy ; heie now bot on ys S. 

136. oYere] oher B. ivan] won a; wonue S. 

137. was suYYe] was sehhe B; sehhe was o; sihe was fi; sythe was 7; 
was ho 5. one] o S. as] so afiy, 

138. Her after] Here afturward B; Asse her after a; Alle here aftir fiy. 
boce] bok B. me] men fiy. ihcre] Aa ; here Bfiy ; here of S. 
al h«s] ywis afiy. 

]3'J. contrey] contreije a. mesl] most fiy ; nioste 5 (and passim). of 

ftss is] is of fichs a; is of fEsche fiy. 
140. ^] cm. afiy. cluts] Aa; chase B ; chaas y87. iivis] in afiy. 

142. herevorde] herford B. ./'"O "le^t fruyt a ; most fruyte fiy. 

143. Soiic]Bafiy5; & ope A. concntrc] couintre «; Sf] Om. BafiyS. 
ire] yrn B. at] abowtc fi ; aboute 7. 

144. Metal] Metel B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 11 

Euerwik of fairest wode • lincolne of feirest meN • 145 
Grantebrigge • & hontendone • niest plente of dep ven • 
Ely of fairest place • of fairest sitt roiicestre • 
Evene est aien franee • stont ];e contrei of cieestre • 
Norwich aien denemarch • cliestre aten irlonde • 
Duram ateii norJ>wey • as icli vnder stonde ♦ 150 

MirabiHa AiKjlie. 

pre wondi'es be)? in engelond • none more inot • fol.sb. 

pat water of baj^e is ]?at on • pat euere is iliclie hot • LO 

k, verss & newe & euere springe]? • ne be ]?e chele so gret • 

Swiche baj^es ]?er be]? fale • in clos & in j^e stret • 

Vpe ]>Q plein of salesbury • ]?at o]?er wonder is • 155 

pat ston heng is icluped • non more wonder nis • 

Evene vp ri^t & svi]?e heit • ]?at wonder hit is to se • 

pe stones stonde]? ]?ere so grete • none more ne mowe be • 

& o]?ere lig'ge]? heie aboue • ]?at man may be of aferd • 

pat echo man wondry may • hoii hii were ferst arered • 160 

146. Grantebrigge] Grantebruggc Ba. dep'] dup Ba. oeii'] fen Ba. 

147. place] places 5. *«V] Sijte B ; syjta; ly^t /3 ; lyght 7. 

148. Evene] Efne a. est'] om.B. aien] «jeynB ; ajen a ; ajeus )3 ; 
ayeus y. stonf] stonde B ; stoud a ; stondeh /8 ; stoudyth y. 
cicestre] chichestre «. 

14!). aien] ajeyn B; a^en a; a^eus /3 ; ayeus y (and passim). 

150. nor)}wei/] norwei B ; Norewei^eo; Norwej'e 7. 

151. J^re] f>veo a. bei>] ]>er bej? B ; buj> a; ben Py. none more 
inot] none more I ne wote 5 ; )jat on lo is ^is a ; )>at one lo hit is )>is ^y. 
See Appendix, note A. 

152. \^at] The 5. 

153. neioe ^] blank iuB. • ^- euere] euere hit 5. s/i;'<n</e)5] springe B. 
ne he \>e chele] ne be chele B ; be jjc colde 5. so] no so B ; ucuerc 
so 5. 

154. Swiche] yuche B. Jale] fele B. m clos] in he clos B. 

155. Vpe] Vpon B5. ]pat . . . is] anohere wondir her ys S. 

156. pat .... nis] Stouhenge hit ys clepud a more wondir }>ere nys S. 
ston heng] ston hyngel B. fion] no B. 

157 and 158 transposed in BS. 

157. heix] hye B. i^at wonder hit is] hit ys wondir hem 5. 

158. pe stonen .... gretc] Ther stonden stones so grete 5. \>ere] 
her B. none] no B. nc] om. S. 

159. o]>ere] oher B. heie] hye B. man] a mon B. of] pm. 8. 

160. pat . . . arered] And henke hit meche wouudir how ht'y were arerd S. 
eche man] vche mon B. wondnj] wondre B. 



12 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor no|?er gyn ne mannes .streng]7e • it j^enchej? ne may- 
it do/ 
Telle me ssal herafterward • of J'es wondres bo]?e tvo • 
& hou hii -were verst imaked • pat oj^er wonder is • 
Ype ]?e hul of J^e pek • ]>e Avind j^ere iwis • 
Vp of pe er]?e ofte com]? • of holes ])ei hit were • 1G5 
& blou]? \^ of ]7ulke holes • so J'at it wolde arere • 
&j here vp grete cloj^es tif hii were J^er nei • 
& bloue horn here & ]?ere • vp in |?e luft anhei • 
Veire weies manion • ]?er be}> in englonde • 
Ac voure mest of alle • J'er hep ich vnderstonde • 170* 
poru |;e olde kinges imad • 2war ];or2 me mai wende • 170 
Fram |?e on ende of engelond • vor]? to ]?e o}?er ende • 
Fi-am ];e sou]? til]? to ]?e nor]? • erninge stret • 
& fram est to ]?e west • ykenilde stret • 
[8] Fram douere • in to chestre • tille]? watelinge stret • 
Fram sou]?est to ])e uor]?west • & }?at is somdel gret • 175 



161. Vor . . . do"} Fore \>ev nys ney)?ere gynne ue vys j?at hit myght 
do S. we] ny B. \^e}ichei>'] J^ynkel^ B. may'] my^te B. 

162. jjci] Hs B ; J> A. bo\>e'] om. 5. 

163. imaked'] y mad B ; ymade S. pat o>er] J?e >ridde B ; The J?rydde 5. 

164. Vpe] Vp B. he ivind] uorjjwiud B ; fore J^e wynde 5. 

165. Vp] Out B ; Owte S. ofte] om. 5. ]?ei] as B; as Jjey 5. 

166. blou]) vp] ovfte bloweth S, ];>iilke] J'ilke B (and passim). 

168. horn] hemB (and passim). 17) in] vpon B. htft] lofte B. 
laihei] ou hey B. 

169. be\>] ben $y. in] on a. 

170. poru . . . ivendc] paX Jjoru on olde kynge were ymad er >is a; 
That Jjiirgh an olde (holde 7) kynge were made er (or 7) J^is yQy. 
poru'] p^i B ; Throu^ 8. \>c olde kinges] olde kynges J^at were 5, 
imad] mad B ; made 5. yvar \'or^] wer J^oru B. 

171. For this line a reads, Ase me schal ou his boke after telle y wis ; 0y have. 
As men schal on his book aftir here telle I wis. on ende] ou half 6. 

172. till) to \>c nor\>] tilk'h in to he norh B ; in to North takeh a; in to he 
North takih fiy ; to he northe taketh 5. erninge stret] eninge stret B; 
cvuingestretc I3y ; Emiiugest strete 8. 

173. Sf] om. 0/878. est] he est Ba;37. to] in to a0y ; vuto 8. 
ykenilde t^trct] goh ikeneldestrete 0^87 ; taketh ikenildstrete 8. 

174, 175 transposed in aj875. 

174. in to] vn to 8. <t7/eh] goh Py ; taketh 8 ; om. a. 

175. soui>est] he Sothe este 8. to he] AS ; in to B ; to «/S7. nor];'' 
west] Northeste 8. §'] om. 0^78. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 13 

pe ver|7e is mest of alle • }>at tille}> fram totenas • 
Fram ]>e on ende of cornewaille • anon to cattenas • 
Fram souJ>west to ye norJ>est • to engelondes ende • 
Fos me clupej? ]nlke wei • ]?at bi mani a god toun de]> 
wende • 

De Mundicla et pulcrituxline gentis terre. 

So clene lond is engelond • & so cler wi]? outen hore • 180 foi. 6. 
pe veii'este men in |?e world • |?er inne be]? ibore • 
So clene & vair & pur ^wit • among oj^ere men hii be]? • 
pat me knowe]? hem in eche lond • bi sitte }?ar me hem sep • 
So clene is al so J?at lond • &5 mannes blod so pur • 
pat ]7e gret evel ne come]? na^t ]?er • J^at me clupe]? ]?at 
holi fur . 185 

pat vorfrete}? menne limes • ri^t as it were ibrend • 
Ac men of france in ]?ulke vuel • sone me sue]? amende • 

176. ve/'Jie] ferjje of J^ise j3 ; ferthe of these y. totenas'] totteuais B ; 
totteneys a; Toteneys fiy. 

177. of] om. B. cattenas] Catenays B^ ; cateneys a^S. 

178. Fram] Fro \>e. B; Fram l^e a^y^. sou\>west] uorJ>est B. to Jx] 
in to B J to afiy ; in to \>Q S. iior\>est] sou)? west B. to] in to 'Bafiy. 

179. Fosi] Aa ; Fosse B/87. ?«e] men 0y. chipe\>] clepuJ^B ; clepej? a ; 
callil' $ ; calletli y. \>>lke] J^ike B ; J?iilke a. mani] moni a. 
a yod] god B ; om. 0/87. de\>] clo}5 Ba/37. 

180. lond is engelond] and fair is engelond a ; and faire englonde is ^y. 
so] om. a^y^. cler] pur Ba/3 ; pure 75. wi);> outev] wi)> oute aj87. 
hore] ore B. 

181. J3e] }?at \>Q, BS. in )>e] of >e Ba^y ■ of J^ys 5. be>] ben ^y. 

182. §• vair] faire ^y. piu-] om. a375. -yicit] wyt B ; white 0/87. 
hii] hij a ; heo B ; hei 187 ; Jjey S; hit A. be\>] ben ^y (and passim). 

183. me] men fiy (and passim). >ar] where B; wan «; whanne ;97 
whan S. hem] ham a. se]>] seen /8; sen 7. 

184. So clene is al so] So clene al so is B ; Al so so clene him (he ^87) 
is a)37 ; Fore al so clene ys S. so] ys so 5. pur] puir a ; pure fiy. 

185. )>e] om. 0/87. eye/] vuel Ba ; yuel /87. ?ie] om. B. nayt)>er] 
not Jjcr B ; J^er noujt 0/87.* me clupe\>] me clepuj? B ; is cleped a ; 
is callid Py, )i>at] }>o B ; Jie 5 ; om. a;87. holi] helle a/37, /"»'] 
fiiir o ; fuire &y. 

18G. vorfrete]}] forfarejj a/87 ; forfrette S. me7inc] monncs B; mannes 

0/87 ; mannys S. i< icere] heo were B ; )>ei it a ; >ey hit 5 ; ))Oui it I3y. 
ibrend] brende Ba;375. 

187. Ac] But ;87 ; Fore 5. ]>ulke] >ike B ; }>at a;37S. so7ie me suc\>] 
Aa; me syh sone B; sone men see> Py; sone me seeth 5. 



14 THE CHRONICLE OF 

tif hii be]? ibro^t in to engelond • ^ware ]?or^ me may 

iwite • 
pat engelond is londe best • as hit is iwrite • 
[9] T^Ram ]ye biginning of ])e world • to ]>e time |?at now 
^ is. 190 

De vij. Seiiene ages ]?er habbe]? ibe • as seue times iwis • 
etatiinis p^ verstc affe & time was • fram oure ferste fader adam • 

munch. r o 

To noe & suj7];e |?e o]?er • fram noe to abranam • 

pe J>ridde was fram abraham • vor te moyses come • 

pe ver]7e was fram moyses • to dauid ]>es kinedom • 195 

pe vifpe was fram danid to ]>e transmigracion • 

Of babiloyne & |?e six|?e • to ]>e incarnaeion • 

pat was vorte god was ibore • |;e seue];e was & is • 

Fram oure louerdes bur tyme • to ]>e world es ende 

iwis • 
po adam was verst imaked • & his ofspreng wax Avide • 
Hii begonne at on ende of ]>e world • as al in pis est 

side . 201 



188. ^If] a; ^is A; ^ef B ; If ^37. bc\' ihm-^t'] ben brou^t B^ ; be)> 
broujt a ; be broujt 7 ; be brought 5. in to'] to 7. iwite'] wyte 
Bj37 ; wite a ; wete 0. 

189. as] al so a; also ^y. iwrite] j wrete 5. 

190. Fram] Fro B. to \>e] to a^yS. 

191. Seiieiie] Seue B. hahhe\> ihe] haj> 3^6 fiy ; haue be 5. as] 
at afi ; atte 7. seue] seuen ;3 ; seucne 78. times] tjme B. 

192. age 8( time] time & age a ; tyme an age fiy ; tyme & age 5. fram 
otire ferste fader] from oure firste fader B ; fnrste fram a; first fram ^y. 

19.3. sv\>\>e] sehbe Bo ; si)>e j8 ; se)'e 7. \h'] h>o B. 

194. ?;or te] forte B ; for to 0^37 ; vnto 5. 

195. was fram] fro B. (hinitl \ws] Aa; dauid B; dauid is ;3 ; Dauid 
ys75. 

197. omitted in 5. i«i//o//«(^'] babilonye B. 

198. prt< VHis] J^at isB ; That fiy. vorte] forte B ; forto a^y^. ibore] 
bore 5 ; borne 7. scne\>e] seue B. 

199. louerdes] lordes B. biu-] bur})e Bo ; bure o ; birjie ;87. \>e] 
cm. o. 

200. imaked] y mad B ; jmade 5 ; made ^7. wax] Ao ; wex B ; 
waxed /3 ; wexid 7. 

201. heyonne'] bygouneB ; bigonnen a; biganne j3; beganne 7 ; begunnen 
S. at on ende of] at J>e on ende of B ; in a^y ; iu \>e on ende of 
as al in \>is] al in \>q B/37S ; ase al in ))e a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 15 

Su)>];c it wax wide aboute • fram loncle to lonclo • 
So pat in \>e j^ridde age • it was ar it com to engelondo • in 3a etate 
For in be time bi tveno abraham • & moyses hit was • ""'^y^^ 
Men come verst to engelond • ich wiile telle j'at cas • 20o tus in au- 
A bataile ]>eY was iwile • in j^e contrey of rome • giiam. 

pe meste ]>at euere was • as me haj> iherd ilome • 
pe bataile of troye |>at ilast vale <;er • 
Mani was ]>at gode bodi • J^at aslawe was j^ere • 

De excidio troie • t5 genelogia hruti. 

Vor ]>er nas god knitt in mani lond • ne stalworj^e man • f^,} g ^j 
pat in ]7e on side ]>ere nas • & al vor a woman • 211 
pat heleine was icluped • ]ns bataile verst bigan • [i"] 

An hei man was ];er bi vore • J>at me clupede dardan • 
Of him com ])e gode brat • j^at was ]>e verste man • 
pat louerd was in engelond • as ich tow telle can •215 

202. .S'«ht>e] Seh-he V,a ; Sithcn liy. ira.v'] Aa ; wex B^Sy ; woxte 5. 
from'] fro B. 

203. !>«<] om. $y. iras «?•] wcs er B ; was er a ; •was or ySy. 

204. jh] oni. afiyS. \>e lime Li tvcne^ hitwene }'e time of a/Sy. 

205. Men come verst'] IMan com fuist o ; Man com fj-rst 7 ; pat men 
come B. cornel comen 5. javV/c] wol B ; 011 wole a ; iow wole P ; 
yow willf y. \>at'\ ;ou I'at B ; jowe ^e S. 

20C. Al () a. ];>cr was yvile] )>er was while Ba ; J^er was somme t3nie j3 ; 
l^er was somtyme y ; sumtyme here was 5. coiitrej/] contrei^e o. 

rome'\ Ha^yS ; trove A. 

207. pe] Sc I'ut a ; And l-c 0y. mesle] most a ; most Py. me /i(i\>] 
me hit hali a ; men hit h;i)i Py. ihcnl] herd B5 ; ihiird a ; herde Py. 
Home] lome 0yS. 

208. ihist vale] laste fele B ; hist fale a ; hast feel I3y ; last manye a 5. 

209. Mani] Manije a. Inif] Aa ■ \^e B/SyS. aslaice] y slawe Ba ; 
slaj'n fiy ; slayne 5. 

210. 7ias] was Py ; was no 5. {/od] om. Ba/SyS. mani] no a^y ; 
I'at 5. sliiIwor\>e] stalewarde B ; ojiere stalward 5. 

211. pat . . . nas] pat he in o)jere syde nas a; But in he one side he 
was Py ; That he nas in he on syde 5. on] o B. nas] was B. 
a] one a^y. ivomaji] wommon B ; wimman a. 

212. heleine] elyne B. icluped] y clepnd B; icleped a; ycallyde /3 
ycallyd y. 

213. An] On a. was \>er] her was B ; here was 5. ]>at] hero. vie 
cltipede] icleped was a ; callid was ^37. 

214. brut] hruijt a (and in 221). 

21.1. louerd] Aa ; lord B5 ; Icu'Je /Jy. ic/i] yB; I /3y. ^oiv] ea a. 



16 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Dardan bitet troye • ]?at god man was & wis • 

Troye by;et priamus • & also anchis • 

pes were in J^isse bataile • of mest mi^t & mayn • 

Ancliis bitet enias • tfe enias ascayn • 

Ascayn bitet silvi • of ^wan ]?e ln-ut com • 220 

Vor enias after ]>e bataile • ascayn • is sone nom • 

& silui aseaynes sone • & o}»ere )?at ]>er were • 

& to |?e lond of lombardie • wende & wonede vor]? 

jjere • 
po silui hadde bi^ete a child • Avane he wolde iwite • 
iwat man ]>e child ssolde be • })at he adde bi ^ete '225 
A clerc ]>ov^ enchantement • him bigan |70 telle • 
pat • ];at child ssolde verst • fader & moder quelle • 
& su]7]?e he ssulde mani lond • over passi & wende • 
& mani bataile over com • & su];]>e at ]?en ende • 
To a noble lond he ssolde come • and j^ere a louerd 

be . 230 

& kynges come of his blod • & ]?at me ssulde ise • 



216. bi-^et] bi^^at a ; by^^at y (and in 218, 220, 221). 

217. also'] also eke a^y. 

218. pes'] pese B ; pat a^y. \usse] Ins B. of mest 7ni^i] moste of 
mygbt . 

219. enias] eneas Bal3yS. ascayn] eschayn a (and in 221, 222, 223). 

220. Silvi] silHus afiy (and in 223, 225). -^wan] whom BfiyS ; warn a. 

221. \>e] i>at a. 

223. §•] In B ; cm. a0y. lombardie] ytaile a/SyS. wende] AB • 
went S ; hij wende a ; \)e[ went $y. ?,'or)>] om. a0y. 

224. bi^ete] bi gete B; bijute a; bi^at P ; by^ate y. a] o afiy. 
wane] fayn B ; fayne Py ; vayne 5 ; fawe a. iwite] wcte 0yS. 

225. Iwat] y&t A ; "What BafiyS. \^e] \>at Ba^y ; J>ilk S. he] om. y. 
bi-^ete] y gete B. 

226. A] O a$y. \>o] to BjSy. 

227. pat\>at] pnt\>eBaPy; That l^ulk 5. child] om. B. 

228. sMjjIje] se^J^e a ; sithe Py, he] om. a0y. mani] raanye a 5. 
passi] Aa ; passe B375. 

229. mani] many^e a ; ora. 7 ; many a 5. bataile] batailes a/87. 
at \>en ende] atj>e nende A ; at >e ende B;37 ; at l-anende a. 

230. a] o a. a louerd] al lord B ; al louerd a ; al lorde ;35 ; alle 
lorde 7. 

231. come] covacw a^y. /sc] se BS : see ^7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 17 

pat eneas bi gan is of spring • to lombardie verst bringe • 
pre l^ousend & sixe & twenti • ]?er was fi'am ];e woiides 

biginninge • 
po J>e clerc adde iseid • his enchanterie • 
per vore silui him let sle • ac ]?at was hite maistrie • 235 
Vor hit coin no ])e later • as he hadde iseyd • C 1 1 ] 

Vor in travail of his beringe • is moder was verst ded • 
po ]?is child was ibore • me let hit clupie brut • 
Yerst louerd he was in engelond • of iwam me speke]? tvt • 

Brutus occidit patrem et exulat. 

pe child wax & wel i]7e^ • as J^e clerc seide er • 240 fol. 7 

Su]?|7e ]>o hit adde ]?e elde • of viftene ter • 

As he wolde ssete an hert • al aien is wille • 

To dej'e he sset his owe fader • |7at he lai ]?er stille • 

Hit him of ])Otte sore inou • & na]?eles tvt he was • 

Out of pe lond idriue • vor ]7e deolvol cas • 245 

232. of spring'] of spreng a. to lombardie] J>at to ytaile a ; Jjat to 
itaile fiy ; to ji-taile 5. bringe] gan J^ringe a ; gan J^ring fiy. 

233. sixe] sexti 187, )>er ivas] ^er Ba; ^ere was 5; jeer j3; yere y. 
fram )>e] fi'o >o B. 

235. \}er vore] Ther fiy. silui] sillius afi • Sj'llius y. let] lette a. 
ac] but /3y ; as 5. lute] lite a ; lyte S ; lytel B ; litel 13 ; lytell y. 

236. 710 \>e later] Aa ; nerj^e later B; ueuer J^e lateryS ; ueuyr the latter y; 
neuere J^e latre S. as] also a. iseyd] seyde y ; first yseyde 5. 

237. is]\}e a^yS. 

238. ibore] borne $y5. hit clupie] hym clepe B; him clepite a; 
clepe him 5 ; calle him fiy. brut] Brute S ; bruyt Ba; Bruyte ^7. 

239. Verst] The first 5. in] of S. jzram] wham Ba ; whom fiy. 
^vt] jet B ; juita; jitte (8 ; yitte 7. 

240. pe child . . . 2>ej] Thys waxt & wel gan thee 5. wax] wex 7. 
i]>ey] yjjei a ; })rof B7 ; J^rofe /3. 

241. Sui>\)c \>o] Sejjjje )jo B ; & ^oa; Antl whenne &y. hit] he By. 
elde] age py. 

242. ssete] scheteu afiy. «?«] on a. aje?;] a jeyn B ; ajenst a/3 ; 
ayenst 7. 

243. sset] scheet 7. owe] owne B ; owene a ; own 0. he] om. Py. 

244. Hit him of\>o-^te] Hyt forthought him 5. o/])Oj/t] for l^ouite B ; 
a\>o\Vytea; aboujt ^37. <S|-] ac Ba ; but j37 ; cm. 5. na\>eles] 
no>eles B ; uatherles 7. 

245. be] hat B. «<^m<e] ydreuen 5. ^e] J>atBaj37S. deolvol] deol- 
ful B ; delful 5 ; reufol « ; rewful fiy. 

B 



18 THE CHRONICLE OF 

In to ]>e lond of grece • he wende • & J^o vond he j^ere • 
Of ]>e kinde of priamus • mani men )?at ]?ere were • 
pat were of his nexte blod • ]mt were )?er in seruage • 
Vor her eldrene were ]>ev biuore • inome in ostage • 
Fram p>e bataile of troye • Avi-eche as hit were • 250 
Vor ]7e grete slait and wo • ]?at hore kunde dude 

]?ere • 
po brut among hom com • to such jn-owesse he drou • 
pat al |>e kun • ]?at him isei^ • adde of him ioye • 

inou • 
So ]7at atte laste • ]>o he in stat was • 
& him ]>o^te ]?at is per • in ]>e world nas • 255 

pat folc al of ]ndke blode • to him drowe vaste • 
pat he ssolde is owe kunde • of jnilke seruage caste • 
Hii come alle aboute him • so ]>at brut isey • 
pat ]>er was of hom gret poer • & noble vole & hey • 



24C. /ft to'] And to afiy. lie'] oni. a&y. wende'] com a ; come jSyS. 
J)o] J)an P ; thanne 7. vond] wonede B ; woned S ; fond a ; fonde y. 

247. kinde] kuynde o. mani] nianixe a ])ere] jjor B. 

248. tvere of] wer \>ev of B ; wcicn of a. were ]>er] weren a^y. 

249. Vor] oni. B. elifrene] vlderne a. were \)er biuore inome] 
]>er by fore were jnome B ; wercn er ynonie bifore a ; were ere take 
bifore fiy. 

250. lorerhe] in ■wreclie Ba^S^S. 

251. sicnyt] slaii^t Bo)3 ; slaiiter 7. hore kunde] here kjnde B ; here 
kun o ; here kyn ^7 ; hor kj'r:ne 5. dude] dide ^ ; dede 7. 

252. po] f'e B ; \>o \>ivt a ; Whanne l>at fiy. such] swiehe a. 

253. \>e hun] ))e kyn 7 ; ['at kynne 5. isei-^] say B; ysey o ; sawj /S ; 
sawe 7 ; sygh 5. 

254. \nit] om. 7. atte] at I'C B. \'u] whenne fiy. 

255. 1dm] hem B/875 ; ham a. l"^')/*'] I'ought 57. nnrld] worlde a/37. 
nas] ne was 5. 

25G. prt/] pe B5 ; Al l>at a ; Alle bat j3 ; Alle the 7. alof\>uJlie] of bat 
ilke B ; of his a^y. to] aboutein B ; aboute a^ ; abowte 78. 

droive] AB ; drou a ; drouj ^y. vaste] fast ^y. 

257. pat] For 0187. oice] Aa; owneB ; owen;8 ; ownne 7. kunde] 
kuinde a. of];>nlke] of bat B ; out of be a/87. caste] cast j3. 

258. come] comen Bo. alle ahoute him] alle aboutcn hym B ; him al 
aboute o/3 ; hym alle abowte 7 ; allabowten him 5. brut'] be brut B. 
isefi] sey^e 5. 

359. \>er was of hom yret poer] heo were of gret power B ; muche 
(moche ^7) power was of ham (hem 187) 0/87. role] men S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 19 

Hii zarked horn to gadere • ];at vair ost it was • 260 ['2] 
To ]?e king of grcce • lie sende • ]>at ihote was pandras • 
pat he ssokle }>e noble folc • }>at of so noble blod com • 
Ooiit of seruage lete • & out of j^raldom • 
0]>ev him ne ssolde noli wondri • )^ei hii dede hor mitte • 
Wip hor bodies ];at atte be so fre • vor to winne hor ri^te • 
pis king adde in is ]?ott • gret bisemare of ]?is]?inge • 2G6 
Pie tarkede is ost anon • him to gronde bringe • 
pis brut aien him wi]? is ost • wel wisliehe drou • 
Hii smite J?er an bataile • hard an strong inou • 

Brutus vicit ixinchxisiirti regem grecorum. 
pe proiiesse |»at brut dede • no tunge telle ne may • 270 fol. 7 b. 
Mani was ]?e gode bodi • J;at him self slou a day • 
^wat halt hit longe to telle • his fon he ouereom • 
& pandras J^e stronge king • as prison he J?er nom • 

260. HW] Heo B; He aliyS. ■^yCtrked'] jarkeden B; jarkede a; 
gadered /3 ; gaderj'd y ; aiayd 5. to gadere] Aa ; to gedere B ; 
to gider j8 ; to gedyr y ; to gedrys S, vair'] a fair B ; a fayre 5. 

261. sewd'ejsent /37. ihote was] hatte B ; callid was /Sy. 

262. he] heo B. \>e noble] so uoble B5 ; j^at noble a.Sy. noble] 
gret B ; hendi a ; hende fiy. 

263. seruage] \>e seruage afiy ; )n»t seruage 5, lete] late y. 

264. 0\>er] Or B ; Or ellis jSy. him ne ssolde] J)at he schulde /By ; 
him schulde S. \>ei] Aa ; J^ay B ; Jjouj |8S ; thouh y. dede] A7 ; 
dude Ba ; dide $ ; dud 5. ho?-] here 'Ba^y ; |>eir 5. miyte] my^t B/Sy. 

265. IF/|) //or] Mid here Ba/37 ; her 5. ior/;Vs] bodices o. ]>at..vor] 
to soffre a ; to asay 0y. hor] here BaySy; her S. ri^le] ry^t B/S-). 

266. pis] po B; pe aj8y. in] op on a. gret] om. a$y. 
bisemare] bysmar B ; besniare 5 ; scorn a ; scorne Py. l>is] J)isse a. 

267. ^arkede] gadered /8 ; gadcryd y ; gadred 5. him to gronde] to 
grouudc hem to B5 ; to grounde ham lH)u^te a ; to grounde hem I'ouit 
to 187. 

268. him] hem a. tvi\}] mid a (and passim). drou] he drow; 5. 

269. Hii smite] Heo smyton B ; Hij smite a ; Thei smote I3y ; They 
smyten 5. \>er] to gider P ; to gedj r y. aii] a B5 ; o a ; in 
Py. (/m] and Jia$yS. 

270. brut] \)e brute B. dede] dude B ; dude \>er a ; dide \>eT j3 ; 
dede ther 7. telle] no telle B. ve] om. a0y5. 

271. Ma7ii] Mony^e a. \^e] J^at 5. him self] he sulfa; he him 
self 5. a day] bat day B ; bat daye 5. 

272. "^wat] WhatBa. %wat halt hit] Hit were to ^y. to] om. a. 

273. pandras] praudras 7. prison] Aa ; pryson B; prisoner $y ; 
prisonere 5. \}er] om. BaHyS. nom] nome a^yS. 

b2 



20 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pis king ])0 he was inome • her wille dede a non • 
&, brotte horn out of Jraldom • ]?o he ne sey o]?er 

won • 275 

He bigan to loue brut • so niuche vor is faire cheance • 
pat he wilnede mest of alle • J'ing • to him eliance • 
Brut he seide })ou art nou • ]?e beste bodi |?at is • 
Vor J>e noble kinne ]?at )?ou art of • & vor ]>i prowesse 

iwis • 
Ich wille obligi me to ]?e • & mi kinedom j^er to • 280 
An dotter ich abbe of gret pris • noble & god al so • 
Ich tivis ]>e to ]n Avif • & tif ]wu wolt bileue here • 
pe ];riddedel mi kinedom • ich liue ];e to be mi fere • 
[13] ^if ]70u wilt no^t here be • ac wolt fonde more • 

Gold &, seluer icholde ^iue ]>e • & inou of eche 

store • 285 



274. \>o he toas inonie'] whan he ytake was /8 ; whan he ytake 7. (fcdc'\ 
dicle 7 ; he dude o ; he dide & ; he ded 5. 

275. I^o] Jiian Py. nc sey'] say nou B ; sygh none 5. 

276. loue'] louy^e a. so muche] om. 0^87. 

277. ]pat he'] And 7. wilnede] Aa ; wyllede B; wilned /3 ; willed 78. 
mcst of alle] J>oru out alle a ; ouer al o\>ev fiy. to him eliance] 
to hym eulyance B ; to him habbe a lyaunce a ; of him to haue alyaunce 
187 ; Jjat he were hys Aliaunce 5. 

278. \>at] jsat l^er 8. 

279. kinne] kyn B ; kuynde a ; kynde ^37. i>at \}0u art of] of worn 
J>ou art B ; of whom J)ou art 5. art] ert o. vor] om. 0/87. 

280, 281 transjjosed in 5. 

280. Ich luille] Ych B ; Ich wole a ; I wole (87 ; And I wil 5. ohligi] 
oblige 0)878. \>er to] al so B. 

281. An'] A B5; Oneafiy. ich abbe] ich haue B. gi'et] michea; 
muche $y. 

282. Ich yivis] Y jeue here B ; Ich jeue hure a ; I jeue hure /3 ; I j^eue 
here 7 ; And jeue S. pe to \)i wif] to j^e wyue a ; Jjee to wife j3 ; 
the to wyff 7. wolt] wylt 7 ; wylle S. 

283. \>riddedel] J>riddendel a;8 ; thryddendel of 7. Jjc] om. 7. mi 
fere] me nere 8. 

284. '^if \>ou wilt] And ^ef \>o\\ uylt B ; ^if \>o\\ nelt a. wilt 7io\t] 
wyluot 7. ac wolt] ac wolt jet B ; ac wolt jut a ; but wole jit fiy; 
hot wolt jyt 8. 

28.5. icholde yue \>e] ich wol l^e jeue B ; ich jiue \>& a; I jyue pee jQ ; 
I ycue the 7; I wil pe jeue 8, eche] oper aj37. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 21 

And take ]?e mi dorter • vor man j^ou art iwis • 

To winne tvt a kinedom • wel betere J?an min is • 

pis king & brut were at on • J>at to wine he tok • 

His dotter ]?at het • Innogen • ac his lond he vorsok • 

pe king tok brut is one bodi • in o stage as it were • 290 

Vorte it were to gadere ibrott • al ]?at hii wolde arere • 

He let sende is messagers • into al grece wide • 

He let fuUe corn & oyl • & win bi eche side • 

Me chargede ]>re hondred ssipes • & foure & twenti j'er to • 

per wi)? & al o]?er gode • )?at me mitte J^er inno do • 295 

po ]7is ssipes tare were • & fol of alle gode • 

& Jiis mayde ispoused was • of so heye blode • 

pe king deliurede J?at folc • out of seruage • 

& brut deliurede J^ene king • out of hostage • 

Brutus. 
& nom is leue vaire of him • & ]?onkede him alle ^o\. 8. 

god . 300 

&L nom wi]? him al J^at folc • ]^at he vond ];ere of his 

blod . 



286. he] to J^e aS ; tojpee fiy. man"] a man 5, You arf] J^at ert a ; 
Jjat art & ; than art y. 

287. }vt a] ^uyt O a. 

288. pis] pe a^y. bnit~\ Ye hvut B. iverel vreren a. at on'} 
attoue ;8 ; atte one y. 

289. Yat het] om. B ; J^at hijt ; that hyght y. ac] hot 5. 

290. tok] to 5. oue] owneB ; owen 0y ; own S. as it] so hit a. 

291. Vorte] Forte B ; Fort a; Vn to 0y. hii] he BajiyS. 

292. wide] wel wyde BS ; wel wide a;87. 

293. He let] And lette Ba ; And lete PyS. fulle] fiUe fiy. 

295. al] midalBa withal/3; wythalle7; with alle 5. we] om. B; 
J^ey 5 ; men 0y. 

296. j«re] faire a/37. alle] vche B ; eche a^S ; ecche 7. 

297. ispoused] spoused 0y ; y wedded 5. heye] riche B. 

298. deliurede Yat folc] hat folc deliuerede a; hut folke delyuered 0y. 
Ya,tfola] ho folk 5, seruage] alle seruage S. 

299. §■ brut . . . hostage] & he bruyt deliuerede out he king of ostage a. 
Yene] he 6/875. of] of hys B. 

300. nom] toke 1875, of him] om. a^y. alle] of alle 5. 

301. nmi . . . folc] nam him al hat folc mid him a ; toke hem alle with 
him fiy. nom] toke S. vond] wan afiy. 



22 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& his wif • Innogen • & to ssipe wende • 
Hii nuste to wiiclie londe • bote as god hem sende • 
pat deol ];at made • Innogen • no tonge telle ne may • 
Heo criede • & wep mid sorwe inou • & ofte iswowe 
lay • 305 

pat heo wende fram al hire kun • & fram ech ]>at heo knew • 
k> nuste an erj^e iwderward • bote as j^e wind blew • 
& wuste ]7at heo ne ssolde neuere • a^en .come ne go • 
Ne see vadcr ne o]?er kun • louerd J^at hire was wo • 
[u] Brut hire clupte • & kuste • & confortede hire inou • 310 
Ac he ne inizte here herte change • )>at heo to sorwe 

ne drou • 
Tweie dawes hii wende in ]?e see • fram \)e lond of grece • 
So |7at hii come to an yle • me clupede leogece • 

302. ss?pe~\ scliip Ba ; schipe a ; schippe (3. ivendc'] hij wende a ; 
\>ei went fiy ; went 5. 

303. nuste'] Ba ; miste A; nyst I3y; ne wyst 5. to] toward Bay; 
towarde 0S. tvucJie] AB ; wiclic a ; whiche fiy ; whyche S. 
sende] sent /375. 

304. pat] The 5. deol] dul a ; doile /Sy. made Innogen] Innogen 
made /8-yS. telle] ne telle B. ne] cm. ^yS. 

305. Heo] Sche /37S, wep] wepid/3y; wept 5. mid] w' BjSyS, 
inou] oui. a/Sy. iswowe] yswone B ; in sowne 0y ; asown S. 

306. pat] )?o Ba/S-y. heo] ho E ; sche /3)8. iccjide] went 0y. 
al] om. a$y. fram ech] from al hing B ; fram al afiy ; fram alle 6. 
knew] kende a/37. 

307. nuste] nyst fiy ; wj'st 6. an er\>c'] on er))e B ; neuere a/SyS ; 
ycderward] wliiderward Ba ; whiderwarde Py ; whedyrward 6. blew] 
hem blew B ; wende a/Sy. 

308. §* wustc^ Heo wisle a ; Sche wist /8y ; And wyst wel S. \pat . . . 
rieuere] ne seholde heo neuere a ; J^at sche schid neuer Py ; h>at sche 
ne seholde 5. a^eti come ne </o] a^eyn come \>o /Sy ; come ageyne 
Jjyder mo S. ne] uy B. 

309. Ne] No /3y. ne] ny B. o\>er] om. 5. hire] hure « ; sche /3y. 

310. hire?\ hure a/3y. clupte] cluppede B; chipe o; clyppid Py. 
kuste] cussede B ; kyssyd /3y. hire] om. a/3y. 

311. Ac] patB. /<e]AB; heo a ; sche /3y. /ic;-e] hire B j hure 
a/3y. /jerie] hmte o. {>«< . . . drou] )jat ne sche to sorow 
drouj j3y ; hot euere wepte & neuer lowj S. sorwe] sore B. 

312. Tiveie] Twey B; Two /8y5. datves] daycs BS ; dales /Sy. 
tvende in \>e see] went l^us 5. J'rani] fro B. 

313. come] comenB. me clupede] )jat me clepuj? B ; Kat me elepede a; 
Jjat me clepud S ; )>at men calUde y3 ; }jat men calljd y. leoyece] 
leogrece o/3y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 23 

pere hii gonne ariue • & brut sende vp J^ere • 

pre hondred men iarmed wel • to loke zwat lend j^at 

were • 315 

pis men wendc aboute wide • k, man ne fonden hii 

non • 
Bote vair contre k, bestes • wildc manion • 
A temple hii vovnde vair inou • & a maumet amidde • 
pat ofte tolde wonder gret • & iwat men bitidde • 
pes men of |?is wilde bestes • slowe & caitc inowe • 320 
& to astori hem of mete • vaste to ssipe drowe • 
Of ]>e maumet hii tolde • brut • J'at hii fonde j^ere • 
& he nom wi|^ him twelf men • Jpe hexte ]?at wij? him 

were • 
& a elerc |'at cou]?e of cnchantement • & to |ns temple 

drow • 
«fc offrede to ]'is maumet • k> honoured it inow • 325 



314. perel pidcrB. aiiitc] vyucJj ; toaiyuca; aiyde/97. .scndc 
vp'\ sent vp oil londc 0y. 

315. iarmed] armyd 0y. tvcl] om. 0/87. )?«<] yt By ; hit a; it /88. 

316. pis men ivende] Ilij wende a; Thei went ^y. ^'j ac a; but fiy. 
7iefondc7i'\ fonde B ; ne fonde a ; ne founde 0y ; founde 5. 

317. contre] coutreijes a; cuntreys/Sy. besfes ivifdc] -wyldcLcstes B. 
manion'] mani^eoii a. 

318. A] Acq a; Buta/Sy. vovnde] fonde B. a] a. maumet] a; 
inametA; iiiawnied B ; inawment /Sy ; mawniete 5. 

319. ivonder (jrct] wondres grete /3y. Sf ^wat >nen] & wat J'ing mou B ; 
what )?iug man a/3y ; what hynge myght S. 

320. pes . . . bestes] Of hisse wilde bestes a ; Of Hike Avilde bestis liy. 
pes] pis B. sloice Sj- ca-^te] ca^te & schete B ; cauwght & 
schotte 5 ; hij caute & schoten a ; }>ei caujt and schoten ySy. 

321. Sf] om. a/3y. to astori . . . drowe] forto astoie he schyppes of 
mete fast ynue Jjey drowe 5. astori] Ao ; astore B/8y. vaste] 
and fast /3y. drowe] hij drowe a ; \>ei drow; /8 ; they drowe y. 

322. maumet] niawmeut ySy. <ci/(/el toldcu B. y'o/u/t] fonden B ; 
foimdeu /3y. 

323. he . . . men] twelf men he noin mid him a ; tweUie men he toko w' 
him /3y. hexte] Aa ; beste B ; grettest j3y. 

324. u clerc] clerca; clerkes j8y. of] om.BaS. euchantement] 
anchantement a ; chauntemcnt fiy. }pis temple] I'ilke stede o ; J>e 
ilke stede fi ; that like stede y. 

32.5. )>is] }>e a/Sy. maumet] mamet B ; mawmcnt /Sy. honoured] 

honourede a. it] hyin B5. 



24 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor to wite in twiche stede • is woniigge were • 
po he adde is bone ido • he wer]? aslepe ri^t )?ere • 
Him J7otte j^e ymage in is slep • tolde him is chance • 
Brut he sede passe vor]? • al bi^onde france • 

Brut lis. 

fol. 8 b. Westward toward ]mlhe stede • as j^e sonne di'aw}? a^en 
eue . 830 

per J70u ssalt finde an place • god inne to bileue • 
[15] An yle god & riche inon • ]7e se ge]) al aboute • 

^wile ]'at lond was ifulde • wi); geans suij^e proute • 
& now it is as a wildernesse • vor noman j^er inne nis • 
To ye it wole be god & riche • & to alle ]'ine iwis • 
& it worj? as an oj^er troye • to )>e & so god • 336 
pat )?er ssoUe kinges come • and springe of ]>i blod • 

326. Vor <o] And forte B. ywichel -what B. ts] )>at hys S. 
woniigge] wonjiig B ; wouyjenge a; wonnjTige ySy ; wonynge S. 

327. icer\) aslepe] worji aslepe a; fel on slepe B; Mle aslepe 1875. 
ri^t] cm. ajSy. * • 

328. tolde] seide o ; said fiy. is] om. y. chance] cheauce a. 

329. he sede] hit seide a; hit saide /Sy. vor\>] uoi>e B. al biyonde] 
al J^e lond of B ; al bijende a. 

330. Westward] West B. i>ulhe stede] J>ike stude B. as . . . eue] 
|?at )?e. Sonne is an (at yS-y) eue a0y ; J>ere as ^e sonne j-s at euene 5. 

331. ssalt] schalt B7; schald a; schal P. finde an place] a place 
fynde S. finde] fynden B. an] a Ba/3y. god] ful good 5. 
inne] J>er inne ajSy. bileue] byleuene 5. 

332. An] On a ; One 5. geV] go\> B;85 ; gooth y. 

333. '^wile] WuleB; "NVhilene a; Wilde /Sy ; Sumtyme S. ifulde] 
yfuUed B ; yfuld a ; yfiUed fiy ; fulled S. geans std\>e proute] 
geaudes strong & proude B ; stronge geans & proute a ; stronge 
geauntes & proute y3y ; Geauntus stronge & prowte 5. 

334. 335 transposed in 0^87. 334. §•] om. aySyS. as a] al o /Sy ; as S. 
vor] om. 0)878. \)er inne nis] \>ev inne is ajSy ; J^ere js 5. 

335. To \>e . . . riche] Goud & riche hit is to \>q o. ; Goode & riche hit is to 
bee Py. wole] wille 5. 

In aj87 the following lines are here inserted : 
Albion hit was icieped (callidc/Sy) . while (sonime tyuie Py') & jute (jit /97) 

hit is 
per hou & alle |>ine . mowe habbe ioyje (haue ioie (87) and blis. 
33G. ^- il v'orV] Hit wor> a; Hit schal be to t>ee ^87; There schal be 8. 

as] om. BS. an'] on a. to Yc . . . god] to \>e & al so god o 5 

and also goode I3y ; J)at schal be to he so good 8. 
337. pat \>er ssolle] And her scholle a-, And i>Qv schal 187. springe] 

springeii aPyS. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 25 

po brut awok of is slep • al )?is he vnder stod • 
His men he tolde of |?at cas • wi); wel blijjc mod • 
Hii larkede horn & wende vor]> • J^e wind was god inou • 
So ]?at toward ]?e west • j^e ssiprene drou • 841 

So )>at wijjinne ]7ritti dawes • to affiic hii come • 
& arst hii wende ofte alond • & fette horn preie ilome • 
& fotte & slowe muchel folc • vor noman hom at stod • 
Fram afFric hii wende vor]> • mid ]>e wind ])at was so 
god • 345 

So bat hii found in a stede • hor kinrede bi cas • r!i".;?,'^'° 

Of ]7e noble man hercules • ])at wule of troye was • 
Corineus het hor souerein • )?at so strong was of honde • 
pat him ne mitte no man • ne no geant at stonde • 
po )?is folc to gadere com • & brut corineus fond • 350 
pe strengost man & mest • him j^ouite of eni lond • 



338. aivok'] awoke him 5. al]}is he] & al J?is I3aj37 ; and alle jjys 5. 

339. of \>at] al J>is B ; of \Af> a0yS. «;/}?] and w' 5. wel] rijt 0y. 

340. ^arkede] jarkeden B ; ordeyned /By ; arayedS. hom] hera afiyd, 
wende] wenden B ; weuten /3 ; went 7. 

341. \>e ssiprene] l>e schipreonea; here schippes eneue B ; Jse schippes 
echou 0y ; her schyppe euene 5. 

342. So \>at] om. o.^y. zr/J>««He] w' B. dawes] dayes B ; daies 0y. 
affric] affricau 5. hii come] j^come o. ; come y. 

343. §•] Bot 5. itrst hii] arsthey y. ofte alond] vp on \>q lond B. 
hom] om. afiy ; here 5. j)reie] preijes /8 ; preycs y ; prey S. 
ilome] lome S ; many one (87. 

344. 7)iuchel] mnche Ba ; moche I3y ; many S. folc] men 8. hom 
at stod] ham ne astod a ; hem ne astode /Sy. 

34.5, we7ide] wentc B ; went 7. mid] with B;3. so] ora. B. 

346. foxmd] fonden B/87 ; founden a. a stede] a stude B ; one 
stede a^y. hor kinrede] here kynrede B ; of here kunredeue a ; of 
here kynreden fiy ; of her owia kynred 5. 

347. Of \>e] Of B. umle] wyle B ; while a ; somme tyme By ; sum- 
tyme S. 

348. Corineus] Corneus By. het] hatte B ; hijt By, 

349. 7ie] om. 5. ne no] ne B. at stonde] ageyne stonde By- 

350. corineus] Corneus By. 

351. pe] That S. strengost] grettest /37. maw] man he was ^78. 
mest] \)e meste B ; strongest By. him \youyte of] \>at hym 
>0itcin B. 



26 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii aqueynted horn a non • & bi come frend ri^t gode • 
Bo])e vol- lior prowcsse • & vor liii Avere of one blode • 
po was ]>e compaynie strong • k, strengore j^an it was er • 
Al in one compainie • hii wende vor]> ri^t j^or • 355 
In )?e se w'ip god wind • so ]?at atte laste • 
In to }>e on ende of gascoine • ]?e wind hor ssipes caste • 
[16] Corineus ]7e strongc man • ]n-e liondred men nom • 
& wende alond to honti • ]70 he to londe com • 

Brutus. 
fol. 9. Vor to porchassi horn mete • & ]>e king • goftar • 360 
pat was king of ])& lond • ]fO he was iwar • 
pat such folc was ariued • as me sede vp his londe • 
& niiste wat folc it was • to horn he sende is sonde • 
To wite ^we]?er hii wolde pais • o]?er hii nolde non • 
His messagers as hii wende vor]? • comen & mette echon • 



352. u(jue!/}ilcd] acquiutede a ; acordede Py. bi come frcnd] bi comeu 
frendes B ; fi-endes bi come a/Sy; frendus by come 5. rhyt] om. B. 

354. po ivas \>e compaynie] po \>is company was B. J^e] \ns afiyS. 
strengore'] stengore A ; more afiy^. it ivas] hit was B ; he was a^y ; 
J>ey were 5. er] her a. 

355. hii] \>o \>ey 5. ivende] wenden Ba ; went I3y5. vor\>] to 
schyppe anoiie 5. ^i}t] om. B. 

356. I71] A.nd in to 5. ]pat atte] J^ei come atte \>e 0y. 

357. In to \>e 07i] In to on <x ; In one Py. hor ssipes] her schyppe S. 

358. Corineus] Cornieus /3. \>e] \>is B. J»-f] to B j two a^yS. 
nom] w"^ hym nom B ; Vo uom a ; \>o name &y ; \>o nome S. 

359. alond] on lond B. honti^ hunte jSy. \>o] ]>o hat 5. londe^ 
lond B. com] came /8 ; come y. 

360. porchassi] porchasc B ; porchase a ; purchase /3 ; purchace 7. §"] 
and h-an /3 ; and thannc y ; and ^o 5. 

361. kiny] om. 5. \>e] J^at 5. \>o] whan /S-y. was] was )>erof 5. 
iwar] ware B. 

362. such'] swiche a. ariued] y armed B. me] men fiy. scde] 
sei)> a ; saw^ ;3 ; sawe y. vp] Si ryuen vp B ; op on a ; vp on fiy. 

363. Sf nusle] Nuste he nou^t a ; Wiste he nou^t /8 ; Wyst he nought 7; 
Wyst he uoght 5. it] t>ei fiy. was] were l3yS. is] om. a. 

364. hii] he B. o]>er hii nolde] or wolde )>ei Py. hii] hco B. 
jiolde] wolde 5. 

365. His] pc B. as hii] J^ei B ; om. afiyS. ivcnde] wenden B ; 
Aventen /3 ; went 7. comen S}' mette] metten hem B ; & mette 
ham a ; and mette hem 8yS. echon] eucrichon a ; eucrcchone /3 ; 
euerychone yS. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCKSTER. 27 

Corineus mid is compaignie • as liii wende an honte}> 
]7ere • 30 G 

Hii csste anuii at corineus • hou liii so hardi were* 
To honti ope ])g kinges lond • bote );e king horn ^eiie 

leue • 
Cornells scyde • ]>at he nokle • noman esse leue • 
To honti & to winne is mete • & to abbe solas & game • 
pe maister of ]?e messagers • Imberd was is name • 371 
He bende is bowe & sset anon • to corineus to gronde • 
Cornells nom is bowe of him • & taf him anc woiinde • 
Anowarde is scoUe • mid his owe bowe anon • 
pat is scolle to brec • in peces manion • 375 

His felawes ]>o hii seie j^is • bigonne to He echon • 
& tolde ]>o king vore • hou ]>g gome was al igon • 



366. Corineus'] Coruieus /S^. mid] \\^ B; with )8 ; wyth y; w' alle S. 
hii wende an lionle\>] heo dude lionte B ; liij hontcde a ; J^ei hunted 1875. 

367. Hii csste'] Hco aschede B ; Hij eschte a ; He asked 187 ; They 
askyd 5. anon] om. B. a/] oni. 0/87 ; of 5. 

368. honti] houte B ; hunte ^yd. opeJvpBa; vp ou /37. Iwle] hot 
if 5. J>e kiny] he Ba/37. honi ^euc leue] leue hem jeue B ; 
leue jeue a ; hem leue jeue fiyS. 

369. Cornells] Corineus Ba ; Cornieus /3. \>at] oui. a/37. noldc] 
wolde I3y. tioman] of noman 5. esse] asclie B ; esche a ; aske /376. 

370. honti] houto B ; hunte ;37. to] om. 7. to] om. Ba^yS. 
abbe] habhe Bet ; haue fiyS. 

371. of i>c] of J>is a.; of Hse /3 ; of these 7. Imberd] Himbied a0 ; 
humbled 7 ; Ilimberd 5. 

372. i/e] om. Ba/375. ^cwrfe] Bent 187. ssc/] schette B. corineUs 
to gronde] do Corineus schoude 0^78. 

373. Cornells] Corineus Ba ; Cornieus (87. 710m] tok B7; toke /87. of 
him] anoue of him 5. >«/] smot B. une] a B ; de)?es afiy ; om. 5. 

374. Omitted in ^y. In a lines 374, 375 arc combined : Anowarde j^e 
scolle al to clef to peces maniac on. Anowarde is scolle] Abouen on 
\>e scolle B ; Anoward ]i>e Scolle he him smole 3. mid] w' B. 
owe] owne B. 

375. is scolle] ]pti scolle B5 ; his heed 13 ; hys liede 7. to brec] al to 
cleef 187 ; anone to clef 5. in peces] to peces 187 j to smale pecys 6. 

37G. l>o] whan (87. seie] say B ; yseije a ; sawj ;8 ; saugh7. biyonne 
to fie] gonue fleo awci a ; gon tte /3 ; gan flee 7 ; Ky fleye aweye 5. 

377. Omitted in 187. §-] & swifje a5. )?e] l^at a; )3at l^c S. 

gome] game Bo5. al igon] agon a ; gone S; 



28 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king made him vro]? inou • & lute wonder it was • 
pat strange men in is owe lond • dude a such trespas • 
pat asaileden is lond • & to robberie di'owe • 880 

& robbed is bestes & is game • & is men so slowe • 
r^^n He wende vip al is poer • & asailed hom anon • 
Brut & corineus preste were • & hor men echon • 
&; smite an bataille strong • ]mt no tunge telle ne may • 
pe folc Jmt l^er was aslawe • in 'eij^er side a day • 385 
Corineus suerd sone brae • so strong he smot & vaste • 
Vor no suerd ne mitte mid is dunt • longe dure ne 

laste • 
Mid him he adde an strong ax • jjat maniman bio^te 

to dej^e • 
So strong & gret J^at an oj^er • hit ssolde hebbe unnej^e • 



378. made hijii] him made fiyS. vro];>'] wroj B. hitel no BajS^S. 
it was'] hit nas a. 

379. strange ?ne?t] strauge man a ; a strauuge man $y. ?h] on a. 
otve'] owne B ; owen $y. dtide'] dud 5 ; dide Py. a] hym B7 ; 
him a/85. such'] swich a. 

380. asaileden] asailede Ba ; so asaj'led /3 ; so assayled 78. robberie] 
robbery B7; robberyje a. drowe] so drouj &y. 

381. robbed .... game] robbed & distruyd his game 5. robbed] 
robbede a; toke fiy. &,'] and eke 5. so] om. By875. 

382. asailed] sailede B ; asailede a. 

383. Brut] Sf Brut B. preste tvere] prestwereB; were prest ai875. 
hor vien] mette hem 5. ccho?i] euerichona; euei'echone /8 ; euerych- 
one 7. 

384. S7nite] smyten B5; smitte a ; smote ;S7. ati bataille] a batail 
!^o B ; bataile so a5 ; a Bataile so Hy. wc] om. Hafiy. 

385. pe] pat Ba5. aslawe] yslawe B ; slayn ^y ; J>ere abowte 8. 
in] on B0J878. a day] J>at day 'BPy. 

386. Corineus] Cornieus o;3. suerd] ys swert B. brae] to brae a; to 
brake $y. 

387. Vor] cm. a$yS. ne mi^te inid] ne ne mijte mid A ; my^te w' B ; 
ne myte a ; ne myjt $y ; myght not 5. dunt] d^-nt fi ; dynte 78. 
longe dure ne] none lengur B ; longe endure ne 5. 

388. Mid] With 187. an] a 8^378; o a. strong] stronge B;S7. 
ma7iiman] moni^e mon a ; many a man 5. 

38y. So strong Sj' grete] So Strong & so gi'et B ; So gret & so strong 
heo (it /37) was ally ; So stronge & so grcte hit was 8. an o]>er] 

cny ojjcr o ; any otjcre ^y. kit ssolde hebbe] bme haf «; myjt it 

lit'te 0y ; hit myght haiie 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 29 



Brutus. 



Corineus herwi]? liarde smot • & stured him aboute • 390 fo'- 9 ^• 

& made is wey bi ei|?er side • & percede }>e route • 

Mid )>re hondred knittes • a due J>at het syward • 

Asaylede corineus him sulf • a uorj? ward • 

He smot corineus harde inou • J'at he it stronge velde • 

& lut he hente j^ene stroc • muehedel mid is sselde • 395 

Corineus was ]>o somdel \vi'o]? • is ax an hei he drou • 

& smot him anowarde ]?at heued • mid god ernest inou • 

& vor clef him al ]^at heued • & ]>e bodi to gTonde • 

po mitte siward segge • ]?at he adde is per ifounde • 

po corineus was alles wro]? • so strong dunt he tef • 400 

pat ech bodi }>at he smot • oj^er heued he to clef • 

390. her wi^)] ]>er w' BS; Jjar inide a; f>erwithi8; om. y harde'] 
hard a. sturede'] scurede a ; scured /3 ; scuvyd y. 

391. §■ . . . side] On eyj>er side he mad wey a ; On eyjiere syde he made 
weye S ; On ei^er side he made goode wey ^y. \>e] al be 5. route] 
gret rowte ^y. 

392. Mid] With fiy. a] o a/37. f'«c] duyk a. het] hi^t jSy. 

393. corineus him sulf] corineus sidf a. a uor\>ioard] a noi-Jjward A; 
a forward B ; al a foreward a ; al in Jje forewarde fiy ; had \>e foi-ward S. 

394. smot] smot to a ; smoot to /3 ; smote to 78. stronge] sore B. 

395. &f yit] Ac a; But /Sy. he] om. a. hente] hent 5 ; kept j3 ; 
kepte 7. \>ene] Jjc B ; J'an o ; \>Vii&y\ him a 5. muehedel] 
mocheldel ^ ; mochedel 7 ; mechedele 5. mid is] vp on }?e Bo ; op 
on jjc a ;"apon be ^y. 

396. J>o] ban /87. an hei] on hey B. 

397. 398 combined in 7 : And smote Sywarde apou the heede and felde 
that body to grounde. 

397. him] syward a ; Sywarde /3. anowarde ];>at heued] vpon ]>e hed 
B ; opon bat heued a. ; apoii be heed (8 ; anoward be hede 5. mid] 
with fi. god] gret a/3. e;-nes<] vrnest a. 

398. /h7h] om. B5. \)at heued] \>e heed j8 ; his hede 5. \>e bodi] 
be bodi auou /8 ; f ulde bat bodi a ; felde bat bodi ; fellyd be bodye S. 

399. po] Than fiy. sepge] say $ ; sey7; seye 5. )i>at he adde is per] 
his per he hadde aj37. is] ys is B. 

400. alles] so Py. so strong dunt] so grete strokes B ; bat strange 
dynt Py. }ef] jaf Ba;37. 

401. ech bodi] \>e body of eche B. ech] be afiyS. o\>er] or B. 
heued] be hed B ; bat heued a ; be heed jS ; be heede 7 ; be heued 0. 
he to clef] al to claf o ; he al to claf ^37. 



30 THE CHRONICLE OF 

0|?er he smot of |?en arm • oj^er hond oj'er heued • 
No lim nas }>at he smot • mid ])e,bodi bileiied • 
Amty place he made aboute • ]?at folc fley him vaste • 
A wonder maister he was on • J'at hom so cou]?e agaste • 
[18] So vaste hii slowe of J'is men • & adoim hom caste- 
pat ]>e king mid a vewe men • him self fleii atte laste • 
po ]ns bataile was ido • brut & corinens • 
& astored hom aboute • mid richesse & chateus • 
Of corn & win & alle gode • & to ssipe vaste drowe • 
& barnde al ]>e contreie • & ]'at folc vaste slowe • 411 
po hii adde al bar imad • ]^e contrei al aboute • 
& hii were hom sulf wel astored • of no ]nng hii nadde 
doute • 



402. \>eii} \>e B5 ; J>an a ; an fiy. arml harme y. ol>ei-'\ or ^e B ; 
om. $y. o\>er'\ or l>e B ; or ellis 0y. heued'\ heed fi ; heede y. 

403. No lim nas] No Hue nas A ; No Ijm B ; pat no lime a ; That no 
lymme fiy ; No lym was S. mid'] nas mid o; was Avith /8 ; was y. 
bileued] leued Py. 

404. Amti/ place] Voide place fiy ; A rome 5. aboute] al ahoute fiy ; 
him abowte S. \>at fulcjley] & folc fleu B. fleti] fleije a ; 
flowe j3 ; flewe y ; flyen y. vaste] so fast fi ; so faste y. 

405. \>at . . . agaste] >at folc to so agaste a; )>at folke so to agast 
(agaste 7) &y. 

40G. Itii] he B. slowe] slow B7 ; slowen a/3. ])is] ]>\sse a. 

adoun hom] to gronde B ; to grouude a^y ; to l>e grounde 5. 

407. mid] w' B ; with fiy. him self] \>ey 5. .fid}] flew B ; flei a ; 
flowe Py ; flyen 5. atte] at he Ba(85 ; atte the y. 

408. po] Whan /By. \>is] he B. ^V] & his BafiyS. 

409. ^-j om. Ba/3yS. f/s/o;<Y/] Astorcde rtio?/^c] wel aboute a ; 
wel al aboute /3y. w/(V/]ofBa5; witli /By. ^-J & of a. chateus] 
chastens afiy. 

410. ^ . . . §•] of . . . of B ; of . . . & a;37 ; & of ... & of 5. alle] 
al manere 187. iSf] om. 0^7. 

411. barnde] breude B ; brande o ; brent )3 ; brente 7. «/] om. B. 
coiUreie] contreixes a ; cuutreys ^37. §• ha<] & h A ; & he B ; hat a ; 
and 1878. slowe] hij slowe a ; hei slowj ^87. 

4 1 2. po] Whan J87. iar imad] bar ymaked a ; ymade bare 5. \>c] 
hat 5. al] ab A. 

413. §• /i/« !/'crc /io/H sulf wel astored] Si. heo wel ystoi'ed B ; Ham sulf hij 
weren astored Avel a; & hei stored hem self rijt wel j9 ; And storyd 
hem .sylf ryght welle 7. of . . . donte] hij nadde of nohing donte a 
hei hadde of 110 man doute ^y. hii nadde] hei were in B5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 31 

Hii wcnde horn to ssipe anon • & euene hii gonne 

driue • 
To ])e contreie of tours • & ]>ere hii gonne ariue • 415 
A veil- place hii chose horn • & |?ere hii gonne arere • 
Walles wide & stronge inoii • castles as it were • 
& astored it wel inou • & hor god |)uder in bere • 
& abide ];en king . ^if he wolde asaily horn J>ere • 

Brut as. 

pe king goftar J>iiderward • gret poer & ost nom • 420 fo^- lo. 

Of france & of oj^er londes • »fc toward tours com • 

po he sei ]>e grete walles • castles as it were • 

Oii^ he sede ):»e gret despit • ]?at i se to me here • 

pat ]ns vile cumelinges • castles letej^ rere • 

Vpe min londe baldeliche • as me vor to afere • 425 

Ne do|? hii me ssame inou • hou mi^te hii do me more • 

Bote ich be ]>er of awreke • ich ssal deie wel sore • 



414. wendel weute 7 ; went 5. Jiom'] ora. B. to ssipe ation} anou 
to schipe a ; anone to sehip Py. eucnc'] efne a. Iiii] om. B. 

415. tours] toures Ba/S-y; tourys 5. J>tTc] 0111. Py. 

416. A veir'] A fair B ; O faire ajSy chose] cheson B ; clioseu a^yS. 

417. iiiou'] anon a ; anone $y. 

418. astored] astorede Ba, &,•] om. a^Sy. Iior yod] here god Ba ; 
here good Py ; her goodos S. \>u(h>r in] Jjer inue B^Sy ; Jjer iu a ; 
jjyder S. bere] AB5 ; liij bere a ; l^ei bere fiy. 

419. 8c abide \)en^ For to abide I'e B ; & abide W a; & abode J'C fiyS. 
asaili/ horn] asayle horn B ; liani asaile a ; hem asaile Py ; assaylye 
hem 5. 

420. \>uderward] J^iderward B ; l^eoderward a. noni] name Py. 

421. S{ of] and a. toward] towardes a^y. com] came 0y. 

422. po . . . walles] f'o he \)c grete walles sai a ; AV^han he )'o gret wallis 
sawj 0y. lie sei] heo scye B; t>ey seyje 5. as] also a. 

423. )3('] )>at S. j] ich a. here] don here j8 ; done liere 7 ; there 5. 

424. ]}is] heosa; )>ise /3 ; these 7; J'es 5. vile cumelinges] filo & 
komelynges B ; fyle comlynges 5. rere] her arere a; here arere fiy. 

42.5. Vj)e miv] Op on my Ba ; Vppon my /875. baldeliche] boldeliche 

)3 ; boldlyche 7. vor to] nou forto u ; now to fiy. 

426. do vie] do B5 ; me do a. 

427. be \>er of awreke] \>er of be wreke 5. deic] dye B/37 ; deye a5. 
ivel] for Ba5 ; for herte Py. 



32 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor godes loue stalwarde men • armie]? ^ow vaste • 
To sle ]7is pi^oute cumelinges • & hor castles adoim 

caste • 
pis folc armed hom anon • & hor baners gonne arere • 
& departede hor ost in tuelf parties ]?ere • 431 

[19] Brut ordeinede is ost • & sette hom wisliche • 
& mid god herte a^en ]ns folc wende baldeliche • 
pere hii smite an bataile hard • & strong inou • 
pe stalworj'e folc of troye • of ]>e frensse vaste slow • 
^e two ]?ousend & mo • in a lute stonde • 436 

So J»at l^e frensse were • nei^wat ibro^t to gronde • 
& na]7eles hor ferde wax • vaste aboute & Avide • 
Vor hii hadde suche j^ritti men • as were in hor side • 



428. Vor . . . vien] Staleworjje men for gorles loue ct/87. stalioarde] 
staleworJ>e B. armie\>'] arme> Ba;875. ■^oiv'] eu nou a ; ^ow 
nowe jSy. 

429. ]>is'\ the y. jiroute] om. B ; proude S. ciimelinges'] komlynges 
B ; kymlynges 5. 

430. pi's] These 75. fo^C] fol A. armed hom'] hem armecle B ; 
hem armed 5. hor] om. Baj37. ()onne arere] goune rere B ; 
gonuen arere a ; J>ei gon rere. ^y. 

43 1 . departede hor ost] deparcede hor ost A ; hare ost depardede a ; her 
ost departede ^ ; here ost departed 7. in] on 0/87. tuelf] twolf B ; 
twelue 7. 

432. ordeinede] armede wel a ; armed -vrel j8 ; armed welle 7. hom] hit 
wel a ; it rijt 187. wisliche] wisily 187. 

433. &i' . . . baldeliche] And mid gode hmte mette ham wel baldeliche a ; 
And with goode herte mette hem rijt Boldely 167. \>is] \>e B ; 
l^ese S. loeiide] he went 5. 

434. smile an] smyton a B ; smiteu o a ; smote o 0y ; smytteu a S. 

435. pe stahvor];>e] & J>is B ; pis ulke a ; Thise ilke Py ; These stalward 5. 
of ]>e] \>e afiy. 

436. lpouse7id] hundred a. mo] many mo 5. in a lute] in a lytulB ; 
in o wel lytele a ; in one litel ^y ; w'ynue a litil 5. 

437. So] om. 0^87. \>e] l>eos a ; )>ise )37. frensse] frenche men y37 ; 
ffrensche men S. ivere] weren 0/87. nei-^ivat] ney wat o ; nej B ; 
nerand ^87 ; nerehand S. 

438. §•] Ac a ; But 187 ; Bot S. ferdc] Aa ; ferd B ; ost ^87; oste S. 
u'ax] wexed fiy. vaste . . . ivide] fast and gadred abowte wyde S. 
^] om. B. 

439. suche] om. 5. as were in hor] as were on J^e o)>er B ; as weren iu 
J>c oj^er afiy; a^eynst on of J>at o^ere S. side] om. B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 33 

Vor hor poer & hor ost • wax eiiere so vaste • 440 

pat ])is gode folc of troye • oiiercome were atte laste • 
& flowe in to hor castles • vor hii naclde oj^er won • 
pe ost wi)?oute of france • biseged horn anon • 
& bi leye horn so vaste • ]?at ne^ to gTonde horn bro^te • 
So ]>at brut & corineus • an quointise horn bi |?oii^te • 
pat |>is corineus bi ni^te • wende out wij? gret route • 
At a posterne stilleliche • J^at hii nuste it no^t wij^oute • 
Amorwe brut wi);inne wi\> is ost out drou • 

& smot wi]^ J^is frensse men • strong bataile inou • 

Brutus. 

per were mani a J?onsend • islawe in a stounde • 450 fol. lo b. 
Brut addo a neuew J>at mony brotte to gronde • 
Vor he. slow mid is poer • & bro^te to ssame • 
Six hondered as me sei|> • tours was is name • 



440. ivax'] waxed ^y. so"] so swyl^e a/By, 

441. )>«s] l^ise /3 ; these 7. were'] was u0y. atlel at t>e Ba ; atte \>e Py. 

442. floive] flowen aySyS. in to] vnto'5. vor] \>o 'QafiyS. nadde] 
hadde uoue /8 ; hadde no 7 ; had non 5. 

443. biseged] bi segede B ; bisette al3y. horn] hem B ; ham )?er a ; 
hem Jser 0y. 

444. bi leye] bi lai B ; bileyjeu «3 ; bileyii 7. 

445. an] one a ; on j37 ; a 5. quointise] queintise a ; quayntise j3 ; 
quautyse 7 ; queyntyse 5. 

446. l>is] om. S. ni-^te] uyjt B. (/ret] a grete 5. 

447. a] one a$y. stilleliche] wel stillych 5. nuste it no^t^ hit 
nuste a ; ne wiste fi ; ne wyst 7 ; wyst noght 5. 

448. out] out so a ; so oute Py. 

449. men] om. 0^7. strong bataile] batayle strong B ; one bataile 
strong a ; o Bataile stronge ^y ; a bateyle stronge 5. 

450. per] f'ar a ; And J^ere 5. mani] raanyje a. a] om. Boy37. 
islawe] slawe B ; yslawen a ; slayu fiy ; slayne 5. in a] in one a ; 
in one litel Py. 

451. Brut] Ac bniyt a; But Brut ^y. a neueio] o god man a : one 
good man I3y. mouii] manyje a ; many on 5. 

452. mid his poei] with his owen (hys owne 7) poAver fiy. dro-^te] 
broute manyje a ; broujt many 0y ; broujt hem 5. 

453. hondered] Jjouscnd a ; bowsand ^y. as me sei\}] and mo a 
day a/37. tours] tourus B ; for tours so a ■ for Toures ^at ^y. 

C 



34 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Atte laste he was him sulf • aslawe ])er was cleol inou • 
po ])e bataile was ne do • corineus vor]? him drou -455 
Mid six ]>oiisend wiltemen • out of an wode ]>ere • 
& come vpe ]ns frensse men • as hii al weri were • 
[iio] & slou horn to gronde • al vor no^t • so ]>at atte laste • 
Hii ]>at mi?te ofscapie bigonne to fie vaste • 
Hii of troye siwede • wi}> oute eni feintise • 460 

Vor ^wanne streng]?e faile]:'«me mot nime vor}> qiioin- 

tise* 
po bnit & corineus adde hor wille • of ]>is ]nnge • 
Hii lete hor men ])at were aslawe • veire an er}>e bringe • 
& tours J>e gode kniit • J^at so muche folc er slow • 
Brut let bringe an er]>e • wi]? honur inou • 465 



454. ^//c] At J^oB ; At )ie a/37 (& passim). sii(f] self HPy. asknve~\ 
yslawc B ; shiyu fiy. (lcol~\ dul a ; dole 0y. 

455. ne do'] iicy ydo Ba ; vteyy ydo 13 ; uye ydo y ; nygh ydo S. cori- 
?(fHs] of corineus ct/Sy. i;o?)>] uoiJj B ; foithe S ; vor A. vor him 
(Iron] ich telle nou a ; I telle ^ow fiy. 

45C, 457 are transposed in S. 
45G. wiyteme7i] noble men B; of autemen a; of fresche men /3-y5. of 

an wode~\ of \>ti wode J'O a; of )je wodde J^an fiy. an'] a 5. 

457. come] com u ; felle 5. z'pe] vp B ; opou a ; apon 7. \>is] 
jjisse a ; ]>e Py. as hii al weri] \>o heo al Averi B ; \>o hij wel 
Averi a; when ))ei rij (ryglit 7) wery ySy; \>o \>ey werye 5. 

458. slou] slowen 0/87. a I vor no-^t] om. a/8y. 

459. vii-^te] mytena; mj-jten /3 ; myght 7 ; myght }>eu 5. ofscapie] 
osscapie A ; of scape B ; ascapyje a ; askape ^y ; ascape 5. hiyonne] 
gonne a; ganne ;8 ; gan 7. fle] fleo a. vaste] wel faste a; 
rij faste ^ ; ryght faste 7. 

460. Hii] & lieo B ; & hij a; And )>ei ^375. of] om. 7. siiredc] 
sy wede ham a ; seweden hem /3 ; sewede hem 7, wil> ante] wil'outeu 
afiS. feintise] fant^'se 7. 

4G1. xivannc] wenU ; whanne a. stren(/\^e] Jie strengl>e Ba5. 7ne] om. 

a; men/37. nime vor\>] take 35 ; do 0/87. qiiointise] quintise a ; 

(juayntisc |3 ; quantyse 7. 
4G2. po] Ir'eB; J^obisa; So j-is /37. adde hor iville] hare wille haddeu 

o ; here wille liaddcn y3 ; here wylle hadde 7. 
4C3. were aslawe] weren slayn fiy. an er]ie] on erj^e B ; in erj^e a/37. 
464. \>e] I'an a; \>at ^y. so] om. afiy. vntche] muchel a; moche 7. 

folc] om. 7. (•/■] l>ar a ; J>er ^3 ; there 7. 
405. brint/e] hring liim/3; hrynge Lyni 7. an et\>e] on er)>e B« ; 

in erj>e 187. honur] gret lioiiour a/37. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 35 

^ let vair tabernacle in • honur of him rere • 
»fe vair hous aboute him • & ]>e cite bigan ];ere • 
pat noble cite was & his • & vor tours j^at )?ere lai • 
pe cite me clupej? tours • as me de]> ^ut to ];is day • 
T>rut & corineus ]>o hii adcle 'hor wille of al j^e lond • 470 
Hii wende aboute & preide hom ne mi?te no^t 
atstonde • 
Hii chargeden hor ssipes vaste • & wel mid alle gode • 
&; wende vor}> mid god wind • mid wel driuinde tiode • 
& driue euere westward • wij? wel god pays • 
Hii come here to engelond • to J>e hauene of totteneis • 
To |?e on ende of engelond • as in ]?e west sou]? • 47(J 
A lute bi nor];e cornewaile • as in an hauene mou]? • 



466. t'fl/y] faire a ; a fair B ; a faivc ^75. i-ere] arere fiyS. 

467. !>«/>] a fayre 5. aboute] al abouteu Ba ; al aboute /3 ; alle 
aboute y ; allabowte 0. \u'citf hiyav] bigan l^e cite 60)875. 

468. noble cile'\ noble a; om. ^y. iS' /"'«] & 7"t is a ; auil jit is ^87. 
^ vor tours \>at'\ ffore l^at tourys 5. 

469. Ve . . . tours] He lete clepe it Tourys 5. pe] pat a/87. inc 
clupe\> tours'] me clepede tours B ; tours ycleped was a ; Toures 
callid was fiy. as me . . . dot/] and jut is to )>is day a ; and jit 
is Jiis day 0y. <l(\> x>il to] &o\> jet toB ; dothe jyt )>ys S. 

470. \>o hii] \>o he B ; om. a ; |)us ^y. of al \>e] in al ['e B ; in 
eche afiy ; in alle \>dt 5. 

471. Hii] He B. iceude] wenden a; went 5. aboute . . . atstonde] 
& saide al aboute for noj^ing iny;te hem atstonde B ; & preide aboute 
ne myte ham noj'iug astonde a ; and preid aboute ne niyjt uo |>ing 
hem astonde I3y ; & pleyd hem allabowte for noj^ynge hem myght w' 
stond 5. 

472. cliurciedeii] chargedc B ; charged 5 ; fraujt /3 ; frawte 7. vaste] 
wel a ; Jjan fiy. c^' wel mid] fol mid a ; ful with I3y ; and full w' 5. 

473. u-e?ide] wenden a. (/od] a good 5. mid wel driuinde] & 
wel dryuyng B ; Si wel driuendc a ; & wel dryuande Py ; and wel 
driuynge 5. 

474. driuc] driuen a; drauen ^87; dr\uen 5. lei]) icel god] so hat in god 
Bo ; with rijt good Py. 

475. Hii] & a$y. come] comen 0)875. here to] in to 5. )><■] 
om. B. totteneis] tottenais B ; tottenays a ; Toteuays I3y. 

476. \>e on ende] \>au ende a; l-e ende fiy. as] al a; alle Py. 

477. lute] litel a$; lytell 7; litil 5. bi )ior\>e] bi fore B. as in an] as 
is an B ; as in he ul3y. hauene] haueues Bfiy; liafneB a. 

c 2 



36 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pis was jn-e j^ousend • «fc four score & J^re ter • 

Fram ]^at 'pe Avorld was verst imad • ]'at hii ariuede J^er • 

foi. 11. Brutus. 

[21] Ar god was ibore • euene it was also 480 

Enleue hondred ^er • & J?ritti J^ar to • 
pus come verst to engelond • j^e verste men iwis • 
pat euere wonede in engelond • J?at were brut & his • 
po brut & is men]* J>us come verst to londe • 
Hii wende aboute wide inou • ]>e contreies vor to fonde • 
Gret plente hii founde of fiss • as hii wende bi ]:'e weie • 
Of wodes & of riuers • as is in ];e contreie • 
Lond hii founde god inou • to tulye on alle god • 
So ]?at to bileue ]>er • hor herte wel astod • 
Hii founde an vewe geans • vorbroide men as it were • 490 
Into cornewaile hii driue hom • in to olde diches ]?ere • 

478. \)ousend^ |jousend ywis a ; J'owsand I wis ^y. Sf }pre'] ova. ^y. 

479. Yaf] om. fiy. >e] \>o B. world'] wolld A. imad~\ mad B ; 
made ^y. \>at] YdX J^at B. . ariuede'] ariuede so a; so ryuede fiy. 

480. Ar] And er B ; & her ]>2A a ; And er J^at fiy ; And ere ]jat S. 
cuene] efue a. tvas] were B«. ibore] borne ^y ; bore 5. it 
was] hit ys S. 

481. Enleue .... ]>ar to] O t>onsend & two hondred ^eres and noumo o; 
A J^owsand and two huudrid jeres and no mo ^y. Enleue'] Ellenc 
B, \>ar to] ^er and two B. 

482. verst to] to B ; in to 5. verste men'] formust man a ; formyst man fiy. 

483. luere] was fiy. 

484. come verst to londe] come first a londe B ; fyrst come alonde 8. 
come] comen a^y. 

485. inou] om. B. vor] om. a/87. 

486. hii founde of fiss] of fysche Jjey fonde S. fiss] fichs a. wende] 
wente B. iveie] contreie A ; weye BJ875 ; weyje a. 

487. as is] as ben ^y. 

488. tulye] tilie B : telijen a ; tillien /3 ; tyllieu y ; tylye 5. on] & B 
of 7. 

489. bileue )>er] bileuen her a ; bileuen here ^y ; bileue here S. hor 
herte] here herte B; here hurteu a; hare hertes ^7; here hertiis 5 
wel astod] fel and stod B ; I'cr w' stode 5. 

490. foundti] fonden B ; foundene a; founden 187. an vewe'] a vewe B 
ane fewe a ; a fewe ^y. geans] Aa ; geandes B ; geaiintes ^y 
vorbroide] forbroide B ; forbreiden a;8 ; forbreyden 7 ; forbredde 5. 

491. driue hom] ham driue a; hem droue Py ; dryueu hem 5. in to] 
in ttPy. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 37 

Hii hoiisede »fc bulde vaste • & lierede & sewe • 
So J'at in a lute stoimde • gode cornes liom grewe • 
Corn «fc frut horn wax inou^ • & fiss inou hii fonnde • 
& of fless so ];at hii were • riche inou in a stounde • 495 . 
Brut bad corineus for to chese • of ech contrei iwis • 
^wich him were leuest abbe • to him &5 to hi.s • 
Cornewaile him likede best • ]7er vore he ches ]?ere • 
To him & to his of spring • & vor ]>ev geans were • 
Vor he wUlede to fi^te • mid geans «fo do horn ssame • 500 
pat lond he ckipede cornwaUe • after is owe name • 
Cornewaile after corineus • & in ]?is manere iwis • 
Corineus bi wan comwaile • to him & to his • 
Brut huld him to engelond • he ne dorste him na^t [22] 

pleine • 
& after brut his owe name • he clupede hit brutaine • 505 
Brutons me clupede alle men • j^at were in engelonde • 
As me clupede horn longe su]?]?e • vor te nou late ich vnder 

stonde • 

492. housede'] saiseden o ; seyseden fiy. bulde'] bulden a ; bilden fiy ; 
byllid 5. herede'] erede B ; ereden afiy ; ered S. setve'] eke sewe fiy. 

493. i>at] om. IBy. in] -w' ynue S. a hUe] lutel B ; o litel afiy; a 
litil 5. stounde] while B. 

494. tvax] Trex B ; grewe I3y. fiss] fichs a. hii] \>ei B. 

495. so \>at hii were] }f>a,t hij ()>ei /By) woxe afiy. riche inou] ruche a ; 
ryjt ryche fiy. a] litel a-0y. 

496. bad] badde fiy ; bede 5. for to] om. a$y. chcse] cheose a. 
ech contrei] eche coutrei^e a. 

497. were leuest] were leouest a ; leuyst were 5. abbe] to habbe B ; 
habbe o ; haue 0y ; forto haue 5. §- to his] and his a^y. 

498. Conieivaile] Bft; Cornewale /8 ; Corjiewayle 7; Corunwaile 5; Cori- 
neus A. 

499. of spring] osptyng B ; osprynge y. \>er] the 5, 

500. willede] wilnede a ; desired I3y. mid . . . ssame] & geans to 
don scharue a ; and geauntes to done schame /Sy. ?nid] w' 5. 

501. clupede] clepude B ; clepede a ; callid 0y. owe] ownc B ; owen /Sy 
(and passim). 

502. §-] om. a^yS. ]pis] >issc a. 

503. bi wan] wanne /B-y. 

504. huld] heldo; helde /SyS. him to] to him B8 ; to a. nc 
dorste] ne J'orte «; ne J^ou^t 0y ; dorst 5. 

505. ^-] om. a/37. clupede] clepede Bo ; callid fiy. 

506. clupede] clepude B ; clepede a ; callid Py (and passim). in] ofB. 
607. As . . vndcr stonde] & longe sc]')?e (sij-e /Sy) fort nou (for to now ^7) 

late for soj? (sothe 0y) ich (I 0y^ vuderstonde «^7. '-o'' 'c] for to B. 



38 THE CHRONICLE OF 

n ogmagog was a geant • suij;e gret & strong • 

Vor aboute an twenti vet • me sei]? lie was long 



Brutus rex. 

fol. lib. A gret ok he wolde braide adoim • as it a smal ^erd 
were . 510 

& bere vor]? in is bond • j^at vole vor to afere • 
He com mid tventi geans • & asailled brut vaste • 
Brut wi]7 is poer slou • jns geans atte laste • 
Alio bote gogmagog • vor him ne slou he no^t • 
Vor he ssolde mid corineus • WTastli he adde i]?o;t • 515 
So l^at corineus & he • to gadere were ibrott • 
pe wrastlinge bitvene horn . was somdel tott • 
per was moni a strong breid • so ]>at ribbes |?re • 
pe geant brae of corineus ' as me mi^te ise • 
In ]je ri^t side tuo • & in j^e luft side on • 520 

po was corineus somdel vro]? • he stured him anon • 



508. Go//»irt'/oy] Georaagoga; GoggomagogB. a^oa^y. siu\>c'] fnl Py. 

509. Vor] om. 13. «?(] om. Ba^y. twenti] four & twenti B. 
sei\>] seyde 5. he] Ipat he 0/87. 

510. A] O a. ok] om. y ; oke S. braide] breicle Bafiy. 
as . . . locrc] ase a smal icrd hit were a ; as a smallc ^erde hit were fiy. 

511. bcrc vor\>] bercn for)' hit aP ; beren hyt forthe y ; bere hit forth 5. 
ill] on a. \Htt . . . afere] J>at folc forte afere B ; hat folc fort to afere 
a ; be folke for to afere ^y ; J'jlk folk to afear 8 ; as it a smal jerd 
were A. 

512. asailled brut] asailede Inut B; briiyt assailede a ; Brut assayled ;3y. 

513. wi\> is] mid o. slou \^is (jeans] I'e geans slou a ; \>e gcauntes slouj 
^y ; slow^ hem 5. 

514. (/o!/mayoy] geomagog a; gograagod 7. hc] om. 8. 

515. icrasfli] wrastele B ; warstly /3y ; wrastle 6. /h^i^] jiou^t /Sy. 
510. So . . . cy lie] Y'o (Whan I3y') he & corineus a/37. iverc] weren a. 

517. icrastlinge] wrastolyng B ; Avalewinge a ; wallowj^nge /Sy. bitvene^ 
bitwene a. ; bitwex &y. hum] licm two 5. iva.s] hit was a/87. 

518. inoui] mani^e a. 

519. brae] brek B ; brake 7 ; broke 5. as] ase her a; as )>er 187. 
isc] her yse B ; yseo a ; se fiy. 

520. In \>c rixt] On he Iiift a; On he lefte 13 ; On tlie left 7. ///] on ay. 
lii/t] lift B ; lyfte 5 ; ry^t a ; ri^^t /3 ; ryght 7. 

321. he stured] he sterede B; he sturede a; J>o he steryd S. 



ROHERT OF GLOUCESTER. 39 

And kipte ]nH geant • & to an hei loche him Jrou • 
pat stod aboue |?e «o an lici • & |?ere ri^t adoun him sloii • 
So ]7at he was al to ranccd • pecemelc in a stounde • 
Ech lime Irani oj^cr among j-e roches • ar he com to 

gronde • 525 

Corineu.s was alone louerd • of cornwaile )>o • [23] 

^wanne )^e gcans were alle aslawe • ]'at j'er no bileiiede 

na mo • 
Brut wende voi|> in to engelond • kj aspiede vp »k; doun • 
Vor to seche an cy.si place • vor to rere an lieucd toun • 
He com & vond al vpe temese • an place vair inou • 530 
In god contrcie & i)lentiuous • pat is herte muche to diou • 
pat J7e ssipes miite fram eche londe • bringe to god iwis • 
pere he rcrede is licued toun • |>at londone icluped is • 
Ac so ne clupede he him noit • ac ]>g niewe troyc • 
per abbe]? kinges & mani o];ere • ofte ibe in ioie • 535 



522. kiptel gripte "Bay, gi'ipt 0; bygrepe 5. an hci] one hcyje a. 

523. ipaQ & a. ri}Q om. B. sUm] prcu a; Jax'wu I3y. 

524. S'o ]>«<] [■'ar he a ; Thcr /Sy. al tu ranccd'] Aa; al to raced B; 
al to racedc /Sy. /;/ a] iii o a ; in a litel ^y. 

525. fram o^e?'] om. a^y. ainoiKj Yc roclics'] among the rochesse y ; 
ora. S. ar] or /Sy. 

526. Corineus] Ynt coriueus B. ulonc'] al londe /Qy. of] ouer a/3 ; 
ouyr y; of alle 5. 

527. were] -weren afi. alle] om. a^y. aslaice] yslawe B. \^cr] 
J'erinne a$y. nii . . . wo] nere numo a ; ner no mo fiy. ne] 
om. B5. na] no B5. 

528. <h] om. 0/870. aspiede] aspide bim a ; aspietl him ^y. 

529. At'c7/e] suche /S7. an] on a. ei/si] ese B. vor to rcrc] to 
make B ; to rere 0^87; for to make 5. a?i] ou a. 

530. lie com Sf vond] He fond a ; He founde fiy. al vpe] ope a; vp 
ou fiy. teiitesc] Temse ^7. an] a 6/87 ; one a. 

531. In . . . plcntiuontf] In a good & a plenteous 5. plciitiuous] 
plenteus B. ]pat . . , droii] }>er to his hurte droii a ; )>er to his herte 
drou^ 187. nuiclic] meche S. 

532. \>c] om. a/37. '"] ^cr to a/87 ; to al 0. 

U'3ii. is liciicd l.oitn] I'ys liede toFi 5. ichipcd] iclepud B ; jcleped a. ; 

call id 187. 

534. ylr] But ^87 ; Bot S. nc] om. Hyh. clupcdc lie him] clcpede lie 
him a ; clcpude he yt B ; clepcd he hit 5 ; he callid it /Sy. ac )-<] 
hute )'e B. ; but J^e liy ; lF(jre he named hit 5. 

535. nbhc\>] huueth 75. Uimjes i^- niani o]>erc] kinges nKmy;e a; kynges 
many one j37. oj'tc ibe in] ofte ilyucd in re ; ofte lyu(Hl in fiy ; ybe 
in meche 5. 



40 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Brut ]7is noble prince • sones adde f're • 
His wif • Innogen • noble men & fre • 
Lotrin • & kamber • & albanac al so • 
& attelaste cleide brut • ]>o al j^is was ido • 



Locrinits rex. 

fol. 12. After |?at lie com to engelond • In }?e foure & twenti)?e 
^ere • 540 

Ibured he was in londone • ]7at he let verst rere • 
pis lond Avas ];o ideled a j^re • amang ]>Ye sones iwis • 
Bi weste seuerne kember adde • & so al walls • 
Albanac biionde bomber • ac lotrin adde best • 
Al out bitwene horn • fram est to J?e west • 545 

Vor l^at he was eldest me lokede him mest bi ri^te • 
pes were as ]?re kinges • & men of muchel mi^te • 
pe king of hongerie • suj)]?e com • bomber was is name • 
Into scotlond to worri • & to do albanac ssame • 



536. adde] he hadde S. 

537. H/s] By hys ByS ; Bi his o ; By his &. 

538. Lotrin] Locryu B ; Lokrin a ; Lokj'rin /8 ; Lokeiyn y ; Locrin 5< 
§• albcman] albanac he hadde afiy. 

539. Sj-} om. Bafiyd. \>o al >(s] whan j^is al I3y. 

540. to] in to S. ]>e] Jjo B. twentiW] twcnti a$y ; twentye 5. 

541. Ibured] Yburyed Ba; Buryed fiy ; Beryed 5, n;] at Bay85 ; 
atte y. rere] arere fiy. 

542. lond] london y. )>o] om. B ; |)anue fiy. ideled] ydeld a ; 
ydelde fiy ; deled B ; dalt 5. a )'re] a Jreo a ; in j^re /S-y. amamj] 
among Ba/Sy ; amonge 5. \n-c] )>e a ; ]?ise /9 ; these y. 

543. hembcr] kamber Bu/3y. so al] al )'er to a; her to al ^y. 

544. See Appendix, note B. lotrin] locryn B ; locrin S (and passim), 

545. bitwene] that lond bitwene B ; ]>ylk loude betwene 3. fram est'] 
fro \>e est B ; ffrara \>e. este S. 

546. mc lokede him] he hadde afiy. mest] best B ; j'C best 5 ; 
most Py. 

547. ivcre] wereu /3. as] al 5. \n-c] om. a0y. viuchd] umche 
Bo ; mochil /3 ; mocliel y ; meche 5. 

548. honyerie] hungri B ; hongrye a ; hongry Hy. su\>\>c^ sytheu y. 

549. worri] werre B ; wen-i «j werry j8 ; Averrcy y. to do albanac] do 
albauak B ; albanac to do a^y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 41 

& werrecl vpe him vaste • &; atte laste him slou • 550 Humber. 
po lotrin iseiz }>is • he was sori inou • 
After his bro)?er kamber • hastiliche he sencle • 
& beye mid gret ost • toward j^e king wende • 
& smite bataile strong inou • strengore ne mi^te non be • [24] 
So pat homber king of hongri • su]?];e bi gan to fie • 555 
In to a gTet water J;ere • & adreinte him sikie mid ssame • 
per vore me ekipede ];»at water ];o • homber after is name • 
As me de}> lut & euermo • wulc vor p'is cas • 
pat homber king of hongrie • ]?er inne adreint was • 
po lotrin adde al is wille • he astore wel is lond • 560 
Wi]:> homber kinges god • J;at me of his wond • 
po vond he }>ere damaiseles gent & vair ino^ • 
pat homber wi]? him broutte • to ]>e ones herte droii^ • 
pat was of horn cheuentein • & J7e kinges doiter was • 
Of germain & as him j^oiute • in ])e workle her pere 
nas • 565 

550. ti'ened] werrede I3a ; worred 5. upe] vpon 0^875. ^] om. a^. 
slou^ slo) B ; a slou a ; slou^ fiy. 

551. iseiy he's] lierde J:'is B; herd Jiys S; ]f>is yhurde a; Hs herde By. 
he was sorl'\ sore he wes B ; Sorye he was S. 

552. hastiliche'] ho hasteliche a ; J^au hastiliche $y. sende] sent 0y, 

553. bei/e] boj^e Ba/S75. J-.c] Jns afiyS. 

554. ^- smite'] He siuyte aB; Hij smiten 00; Thei smoten a 0; They 
6moteno7; They smytten a 5. strengore . . . be] ne strengor my^te 
be B ; no strengere myte beo a ; none strenger my ^t be By. non] om. S. 

555. \>at] om. a/Sy. su^pW] atte be last jSy. 

556. a gret water j^ere] a Mater swij^e (ri^t By) gret aBy. adreititc'] 
adreynt B ; dreynt 5. him silue] hym self B5 ; om. aBy. 

557. per vore . . . homber] par (Ther By) of hat water homber (humber 
By) is cleped (callid By) o-By. 

558. As me de]} yit] ^ujte me de]> a ; ^it men dob By- de\>] dothe 5. 
euermo] euer more B ; euere a ; euer By. ivnie] wole Ba/Sy ; om. 5. 
]>ts] be B ; bis vlke a ; bis ilke By ; bat self 5. 

560. astore] astorede Ba ; astored ByS. 

561. homber hinges god] kynge humbers good /Sy ; be kyngys good hum- 
bre 5. ]f>at me of his] bat men of hys 5 ; of his bat me (men By) aBy. 
wond] fond Ba ; founde By ; fonde 5. 

662. po vond he] )"'o fonden hij a ; Thei foundcn By. \>erfi] bre Bft^yS. 
damaiseles] nuiidencs a ; niaydencs By. gent] gentils a ; gentil By. 

663. Omitted in By and a blank left. to \>c ones] to be on ys B ; to bat 
on his «S. 

665. germain] germanie B. c^-] om, Ba/Sy, her] hire B ; hurc a • 

here B ; om. 5. 



42 thp: chronicle of 

So zwit ne of suich color • ne in eche manere so gent • 
King lotrines lierte was • al & clene vp hire iwent • 
He nom liire vor]? mid liim • mid gret honur inou • 
& Jwutte hire to .spoiisi • so his herte to hire drou • 

Loo -in us rex. 
fol. 12 b. Ac corineus due of cornwaile • wro]> inou was ^ 570 
Toward ]>e king lotrin • ]jo he herde of ]ns cas • 
Vor he adde him a vorewarde • is dorter abbe to wiue • 
His gret ax he nom in is hond • & toward him hicde bliue • 
His ax l>o he to him com • so grisliche he ssoc «&; vaste • 
pat ]>e king kwakede & is men • so sore hii were 
agaste ♦ 575 

Seie he sede lotrin • wat |?encstow vor to do • 
pencstow me corineus • vor to bitraye so • 
Hastow vor^utc ]?e grcte wo • & moni harde wounde • 
pat ich aljbe ijwled for ]n fader • & J^e mani haixle stounde • 

566. stiicli] such B ; suche y. ne'] ny B. cche] no a^y. 

567. hdrines] locriu ys 5. cy] om. Ba/37. cp litre] opon hiue o ; 
vpfjon hure fiy ; on here S. 

568. lie nom] And tok B; & nom a; And name 187; And nome 6. 
hire] hure a/87 j ^^^ ^- vorY] al for)? a/375. 

569. spousi] spouse B;87. to hire] opon hure a ; vpou hur /8 ; vpon here 7. 

570. ivro\> iiioii] wro) yuow B; wro)> ynou j'O a; wro)ie yiiou; lie (87 ; 
Avrothe ynow 5. 

571. he] om. B. herde of Jjt's] herde his B5 ; yhurde hat a; hard 
hat j8 ; herde that 7. 

572. adde him] made him yS ; made 7. vorewarde] vorward made 5. 
abbe] to liauc 75. 

57."3. His . . . nom] He nom his gret ax a ; He name his douity ax 0y. 
in] on o. toward] to B8. him] om. 7. hiedc] om a ; rennc 187. 
bliue] hi lyue B. 

574. grisliche] grimliche 0/87. he ssoc cV vaste] smot and caste (cast 
/3) 0187. 

575. pat] J-^ir a. hint/ . . . men] kyii;;e & alle liis men quaked fiy 
sore] om. 8. 

576. Seie] Nay 7. lotrin] to locryii a ; to Lokryn fiy. \)encstotv] 
henchest hon a ; hcnkest hou (thee 7) I3y ; Menyst hon 3. 

577. pcncstoio me] J^euehest hou me quah a; Thinkest hou me <i'' /87 ; 
Thenkyst hou S. ct>r to] to B ; nouhe a ; now me ^37. 

578. Ilastoiv] Hast hou Ba. voryite] Ibr^ete Ba75 ; forget /3. moni] 
he mouy B ; he numy 5 ; al he a/87. ivoimde] stounde a/87. 

579. ich abbe /'ho/tf/j icli j'olede a; 1 holed 187 ; I luiue had 5. he mtiiii 
hank] he mony luhcr B ; mauy^c a luyj-er a ; many a leher 187 ; many a 
Juhcre 5. stounde'] woude a ; vvouride 187. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 4o 

Vor to winne him lond & ^ow • & |:'0U wost now [-J] 

vorsake • 580 

Mi dorter |?at ssoldc bo ]n \vii'« & to a kumeling take • 
pou nc ssalt l)i liini |mt made me • ofskapie so litte • 
J)e iwile l^er is in mi liit bond • eni strengj^e or miite • 
e^ ]?e iwile icb mai |>er \vi]> • min bandax vp a drawe • 
^ware w'i\) icb abbe geans • & maniman aslawe • 585 
He bigan to ssake is bandax • & bigan to adrawe anon • 
& kniitcs cride & code • bitwcne bom manion • 
So ]'at king lotrin • vnder vcng wcl vain • 
cV: spouse is dotter • |?at bet gvendolein • 
& dude al is willc • vor be lokede so rowe • 590 

More vor eye |>ane vor loue • maniman senie]? bowe • 
Ac nott vor ]?an ]?at oj^er maide • be louede more of inou- 
Astrild hire name was • & more to hire he drou « 



580. io«'] oil a ; rent Py ; good 5. \wu'\ om. a. tvvsl ?iow^ hast 
liow B ; woldestc nou a ; -wuklist now /3 ; now Avoldjst y ; woldest 
now S. 

581. kumeling'] kernel} ng B ; kymlynge he 5. 

582. ?nade w(c] me made 5. ofskapie j ascapi^e me a ; ascapie me 0y ; 
ascape now 5. 

583. ejii stroiij^e or] strengj-e oj'er (oj'ere B) euy a/3 ; strength or ou}- y. 
or] & B. 

584. \>e xwile] while B ; \>e while ):'at a$y. haiuht.r] lioud axe B . 
handex /By. vp a draicc] vp drawc B/S^S ; op drawe a. 

585. *,tc<irc wi\y] Mid whan a; With whiehe 167. yeans] ofGeauntus 5. 
tV maniman] mony on B; niany^c ou a; many one ^y ; many ou 8. 
ashiivc] yslawe Ba^yo. 

58G. ssake] schaken a/87. /landa.v] axe B7 ; ax a/3. ly Oit/an to 

adrawe] for to smyte Bajiy^. 

587. ^'] Ae Ba ; But fiy ; Bot 5. cride] ci-yden a ; criedeu /Sy. code] 
^ede Ba/378. horn manion] swij^c & eke anon 0^7 : aiioue many 
one 5. 

588. kintj] I'O kyng B ; )>c kynge 3. under vcmj] vnder fong B ; 
vuder i'eng a ; vnder fenge ^y. vain'] fayn Ba ; iayue /37. 

589. spouse] spousede Bo ; spousid /8 ; spoused 78. het~] hette B ; 
hi^t fiy ; heyght 5. (jvcndulcin'] gwendelayu a. 

590. dude] dud )>o 5. 

591. vor eye] for hey^e a ; for hawe fiy. inanimon] mani^e mon a. 

592. Ac] And Ba^y. noyt vor h««] J^ei a ; uaK'les ^y. more of] 
more B ; of 187 ; euere 8; 

593. he] om. 8. 



44 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He made hire vnder erjje • a woniinge quointeliche • 
&; hiild hire }?ere to is wille • longe priueHche • 595 
& di'oii to hire wanne he wolde • )?at noman it niiste • 
Bote it were eni priueman • J»at is priuete al wuste • 
^wanne he wolde to hire go • to his meine he sede • 
pat he wolde to is godes • his offringe lede • 

Locrinus rex. 
ol. 13. And ]?at he adde to honouri horn • an priue stude \>ere • 
To sacrefize to is godes • pat noman iwar nere • 601 
Segge he wolde ek also • to ]>e qiiene is spouse • 
& na|7eles such saerefice • I ne kepte noit at min house • 
[26] So longe hii dude such sacrefise • & pleide such game • 
pat hii adde an dorter averne was hire name • 605 
& ]7e quene adde also • in spoushod bi^ite • 
An sone l?at het madan • as it is iwrite • 
Sone so ]?e queue fader • corineus was ded • 
pe king adde ]:'er after • wel sone inome i§ red • 

594. woniinge] -woni^ing a ; wonyng B ; wonuynge fiy. quointeliche'] 
coynteliche B ; quinteliclie a ; queyntiliche P ; quentlycLe y. 

595. i>ere to is iville] to his wille )>er afiy. to] at 5. priueliche] and 
priueHche a ; and preueyUche j8 ; and preuely y ; & priueylich 5. 

596. nusfe] nyst 1875. 

597. eni] ony 7, is jiriuete al] alle his priueytee 8. wuste] -wyste B7 ; 
■svist/3. 

598. meine] mayne Ba • menye 187. 

599. lede] \>o lede 0187. 

600. h07wuri] hououre B7 ; honour 13. (ni] a B ; otie &y. stude] 
stede fiy. 

601. sacrefize] sacrifise B; do sacrefise a; do sacryfiee ^7. noman 
iwar] mon iwar B. Jiere] ne were 5. 

602. Seggc . . . also] And al so segge (say fiy) he wolde a^y. Seyye] 
Seye 5. 

603. §•] Aco; But/37! BotS. naj^c/e*] no^eles B. I ne . . . /wuse] 
uis noutt in godes house a ; is noujt in gdddis house fiy. ne] cm. 5. 

G04. Ibiigc . , . sacrefise] longe saerefice hij dtide a ; longe sacrifice he 
dide ^87. diide such] dude ys B ; ded hys S. pleide] pleiden 0^7 ; 
pleyden fiy. game] a game a^y. 

fi05. hii] he B ; sche 5. adde] haddeu ^y. an] a B ; one a/37. 

60C. Ye quene] on J^e qiiene he 5. spoushod] spoushode a ; spousehode 

)8 ; sposhed B. biyite] bigete B ; bi^ete ajSy. 

007. A71] Anc o ; A B78. het] hette B. iivriic] y writon B. 

608. Sone so] And as sone as 5. quene] queues 0y ; quene ys 8. 

609. tvel] om. a0y. inome] take 187; ytake 5. is] om. B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 45 

He vorsoc is owe wif.fc astrild made qiiene • 010 

He ne dradde no^t ]>o ]>e liandax • as it was isene • 

po wende ]>e qiiene \ov]> • to cornewaile anon • 

& ^onge stalvvardemen • gaderede manion • 

pe poer J^at was hire faderes • & also of engelonde • 

So )?at sso hadde sone • gret poer an honde • GI5 

& gret ost made &l strong • & vpe ]?e king sette • 

& ]>e king also aten hire • so }'at hii horn mette • 

&5 an bataile vpe stoure • smite strong inou • 

Su ]>e quene folc • ]>e king lotrin slou • 

& mnche of is folc ek • bote hom j^at flowe • 620 

So J'at a lu|?er beuerege • to hare biof)?e hii browe • 

pe king mi^te segge er • ]>e wule he was oliue • 

pat in a lii)>er time • he striuede wi]:> his wiue • 



610. owe wif] wyf al out B ; wif al out a; wyf al oute I3y ; wyfe al 
owte 8, 

611. He ne . . . \>o'] Ne dradde he nout a; No drede he noujt 0y; lie 
dradde noght \>o S. Jjc] that B. isene'] wel sene 5. 

613. stcdwarde] staleworj^e Ba ; stahvorthe /Sy, (/aderedel gederede B ; 
gadrj'd y. manion'] mauy^o on a. 

614. pe poei- . . . faderes] pat poer al j^at was hire fader B ; Al hure fader 
(Fadris j8 ; faders y) power afiy. pe poer . . . engelonde] W here 
and alle \>e power J^at hir fader had iu Englonde 5. 

61.5. sso] heo Ba; sche /3S ; she-/. sone] ful sone 5. iiret'] 

stronge 5. an] on 5. 

616. ost made ^- strong] & strong (stronge /S^) ost made a^y. vpe] 
op a ; vpon 75. 

617. also] om. ajSy. ai^en hire] hure a^eu a^y ; vpon hir 5. liom 
mette] ham ymette a; to gider mette ^y ; togedre mette 5. 

618. an] a BySy; om. a. i^pe] ope a; vpon (875. smite] hij smite a ; 
l^ei smote 187 ; smytten 5. 

619. §■ J'e] And J^ere \>e BS; So pat j'e 0)37. quene] queues fiy ; queue 
ys 5. \>e] om. afiy. slou] aslou a ; pei slou^ 187. 

620. cS'] & eke a/37. ek] om. 0/87. 

621. lu\>er] lui^ere a; fehle /8 ; febyll 7. heucreye] beuerago B ; beuc- 
reche a ; beaerygge 7. hare] here Ba;87. hiof\>e] Aa ; bi 
hofjje B ; byhofe S ; prowe 187. 

622, 623 omitted iu 0^87. 

622. pe] po B. . segge] seye 5. wule] while Bo. oliue] aliue B ; 
alyue S. 

623. striuede] strofe 5. 



4G THE CHRONICLE OF 

^if alle lu]7er holers • were iserued so • 
Me ssolde vinde J^e les • such spoushruche do • 625 

Enleue hondred ter • );'is king was ]?us biuore • 
& eitetene ter aslawe • ar god were ibore • 
[-"] |)o was |ns sturne womman • guendolein ]>e quene • 
King iniad in J'is manere • vor lieo was somdel kene • 

Madan rex. Mempvicliis rex. Ehoracus rex. 
Bi'iUus rex. Leil rex. 
fol. 13 b. Astrikl ire bedsoster • hire louerdes concubine • 630 

& ire doiter auerne • heo let nime atte fine • 
& adreinte horn bo]^e tuo • in p»e water of seuerne • 
& vor it was ire louerdes dotter • ]>e maide j'at het 

auerne • 
& vor honour of ire louerde • & vor heo was of is 

kunde • 
Xo wolde pat ire name were • eueremo in munde • 635 
& let clupie ]?e water • after hire auerne • 
& su]>];e jjoru diuerse tonge • me clupe]> it seuerne • 



G24. ^^y*] X'\i J'at S. tu\>er holers'] luj^ere holours 5 ; luyj^ere lechours a ; 

licherous men fiy. wcrc^ weren afiy. 

C25. vindc'] vnde A. spoushruche'] spousbiielie a ; spousebreche fiy. 

do] to do a^y. 

626. Enleue] Ellene B ; Enlefuc a ; Elleiien fiy. hiuore] by foriie ^y. 

627. eytetene] eytetene a ; ey^te B ; ei^tenejSy. aslawe] y sla^e B ; 
yslayn ^y. 2oere ibore] was borne Py. 

C28. pa . . . icuviman] And ybiired at londone J'O a; And yburyed at 
London J)an /S^. nHnniiuut] wommon B. //«f7j(/«/e/«] gueudolyn B ; 
gwendelcyne a^y. 

620. Khig . . . vianere] Was king ymalced after a ; Was kyng ymade 
aftir $ ; Was kyng made after y. somdel] so aPy. 

630. ire] Sc hure a^y. 

63L nitne] take Py. alle] at ^e a ; at /3. 

632. adreijite horn] drenche B ; dreinte a ; drent ;8 ; dreynt y ; adrenched 5. 

633. cV vor it. was] For aySy. \>e maide] J>at mayde B ; )'ys niayde 5. 
\>at het] om. B. 

634. ^- vor] ]>at aySyS (after louerde). hu7ide] kynde B/87 ; kuinde a. 

635. ^o] Heo Ba ; Sche /?75. were eueremo] were ener more B ; euere 
were o ; euer were Py. munde] mynde ByS-y ; Mninde a. 

636. clupie] elepe B ; clepy v; o ; calle I3y. \h'] )>iit liafiyS. hire] 
oni. 15. 

637. \<oru] ).or^ B ; for a/37. clupe\>] elepede B; clcpej> a; caHi]- I3y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 47 

& de]> a lettre |?er to • & namore iwis • 

In j^is manere ]nilke water • seuerne icluped is • 

Giiendolein was king • viftene ter ])0 • G^O 

& ire louerd was king biuore hire • ten ^er «fc naino • 

k, inadan hire sone • fourti ^er • |>ulke time |>at samuel • 

})e ])rophete wardede • j>at folc of israhel • 

Mempris madanes sone • kyng was an tventi ^er • 

po kyng said was of israhel • king & non er • 645 

pis was as me may in bok • reden &, ise • 

Av god were ibore a p'ousend ter • & four score k, )'re • 

Ebraii meinprises sone • sixti ler was king • 

He made |?e tonn of eiierwik • ]?at strong is |joru alle 

);ing . 
After is name ebrau • euerwik cluped it wel • GoO t-^] 

pulke time pat king dauid • king was in israhel • 



C38. r/f)'] cloji aj375. a lettre'] o lettei'e more a ; one letter more ^y. 

?((/?/(ore] namore a ; no more B^y. iwis] bit nis aySy. 

C39. l'/.s] I'isse a. \>ulhe] I'ikc^ B; |'is \lke a. icliijicd] yelepiulB; 

ycleped a ; callid fiy. 
G40. /i'/«.</] al one kyng «/3y. viftene] aboM'te a fyftene S. 

041. liire] om. a/3y. namo] no mo Ba^Sy. 

C42. maddii] madian a/3y. 
G43. prophete] gode prophete a/3y5. \'(it] I'e 5. 

044. Mempris] Aleynprls B ; Membrys a ; Membris /Sy. madanes] 
madianes a; IMediau /3y; Madan ys 5. an] om. Ba/3yo. 

045. \>o hipKj] pe kyng B ; J^o t>at a ; When )>at /3 ; Wanne y. of israhel 
fiinr/] king in israel afiy • kj'nge of israel 5. non er] non^t her a ; 
now)t heer j8y. 

640. boft] bokys S. redeJi] rede B5. ise] se B; wel yseo a ; wel 

se /3y. 

047. Ar yod . . . xcr] O honsend are god were y bore a; A J>ousand or 
god was borne /3y. were] was 5. iJiorc] bore B. tf \>re] xqv 
& breo a ; ^eer & J)re /3y. 

048. Ebrau] Ebran B ; Eborac aj35 ; Eborak y. meinprises] mem- 
brises a ; Membris /3y. 

049. strony is] is strong a; is sti'onge /3y. Yoni] in ]>. 

O.")0. After] & after ay5 ; And aftir ^. ebrau] ebran B; eborac 

ajSyS. duped it] clepede it B ; elepede him a ; he callid it /3y. 

wel] ful welle 5. 

051. See Appendix, note C. Vat hiny] om. B. kiny was] was 

kyng B. in] of S. israhel] yrael B. 



48 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Brut is sone king was • jjrettene ^er & nanmo • 

& leir king vif & tuenti ^er • brutes sone was ]?o • J 

He bigan ]>en toun of leicestre • & nemnede is owe name • 

po j?at Salomon ]>e wise • man of gret fame • Co 5 

King was of israel • ]?at king dauid is sone was • 

pat rerede ]>e temple of ierusalem • such temple neuere 

nas. 
Leires sone Jnitti ter • king was & nyne also • 
He rerede verst kanterbury • & winchestre |;er to • 
Ba]7ulf is sone after him • king was tventi ler • 660 
He bigan ]>e toun of ba]?e • & J^e hote baj^es ]?er • 
In ]>e veines of ]>e water .as pe water de]> vp walle • 
He let closy fur in metal • quoynteliche wij? alio • 



652. Brut . . . nanmo^ Brut eborakes sone Kettene Q>vitti fiy) ^er 
was king so a/37. Brut'] And Brute 5. kiny was \>rettene 
yer] l^rottene kyng was B ; thi^ttene )ere kynge was S. nanmo'] 
no mo B8. 

653. leir] leil a ; kele jSy ; leile S. king] kynge was 5 ; one lorde 
kynge y. brutes sone was] fore brute ys sone he was S. 

654. He bigan \>en toun] And he rerde i>o town B-; He rerde J^e toun a ; 
He rered J>e towne (ton 5) 1878. leicestre] leycetre B ; kaerlcil a ; 
karlele fiy ; karleyl S. is oive] yt owne B ; hit his owii 5. 

655. po ]}at] po a ; Than Py. Salomon^ Salamon B/87. 9J'et] so 
grete ai37. 

656. israel] irael B. \>at] om. a^y. dauid is] dauid B ; dauid 
hes a ; DaueoJ>es ^ ; Dauconds 7. ivas] that was a/87. 

657. pat rerede] pat made B ; Rerde a ; He rered ^87. suclt'] swich a ; 
swiche fiy. temple] a temple 5. neuere] ner B. nas] was 5. 

658. Leires . . . also] Rudhudibras nyne & >ritti )er leiles sone was 
king Jjo a ; Ludhudibnis (Cudhudybras 7) nyne & l^ritti ^eer keiles 
sone was kynge l^o ^37. Leires] Leiles B ; Leil ys 5. nyne] fyue B. 

659. He rerede] & rerde a ; And rered ^y. \>er to] ek J^er to a ; also 
Jjer to ^87. See Appendix, note D. 

660. Ba\>ulf] Bladulf ai87. after him liing was] . was king after 
him a/375. 

661. Ye hote] ho bote B. 

662. ofl'C water] of water fiy. \>e water] yt B ; hit 5. de^] doj) a/37. 
vp] om. a/37. 

663. closij] close B/87. fur] fuyr B; fure Py. quoyiUel'iche] 
quinteliche a ; queyuliche /8 ; (jueutlyche 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 49 

pat as ];e water com]; ]?er bi • ];er of it cacj) hete • 
pe metal is nou iturnd • al in to roches grete • 665 

pat ])e]> eucro iliclic liotc; • tS:' J^o watoi-cs ]:'ci- of al so • 
& eke ])OYu enchantement • hit was verst ido • 
& vor ])e king bap'ulf })at it made • gret enclianteor was • 

Bladiui rex. Leir rex. 
& jjat him miite sn]>];e rewe • ich wolle telle }^at cas • foi. i5. 
Vor ]7at men ssolde • is enchantement se • 670 

He let him makie wengen • an hei vor to fle • 
& ]?o he was iflowe an hei • & ne coiipe no^t ali^te • [29] 
Adoun mid so gret eir • to j^en erj^e he vel & piite • 
pat al to peces he to rod • j^at betere him adde ibe • 
Abbe bileued J'er doiine • ]?an ilerned vor to fle • 675 
pis was ]?ulke time • J'at ]>e prophete elye • 
In israhel prophete was • & on vr louerd gan crie • 
pat J?er ne ssolde |?re ter • ne six mon]?es ]?er to • 
No rein come on er]7e • & it bi vel al so • 

664. pat as] So ase a ; So at j3 ; So atte y. \>e'] \>o B ; pat a$y ; 
Jjilk S. of] cm. B. each] cached B ; caclichet a ; take]) fiy ; tak' 5. 

665. pe] fat B ; & J^ulke a ; And J>ilke Py ; This S. is iiou'] is nou}>e a ; 
now ys S. iturnd] tuiuyd 5 ; turnede I3y. al] om. Ba/87. 

666. pat be\>] To ben $y. \>e ivateres] po water B ; >>e water 5 ; J^at 
water a/87. l^''^' if] om. a/37. 

667. eke] also 0y. was verst] furst was 0y. 

668. §•] om. Baj875. \>e] om. afiy. ba\>ulf] bladulf a/37. 

669. \>ut him miyte] hit mite (mi^t /S7) him afiy. sui>i>e] cm. a/37. 
ich wolle] ich wole a ; I Avil &y. telle] telle eu a ; telle )0W &y ; tel 
^ow S. l>at] \>e afiy. 

670. Vor] Al for a/37. men] me B5 ; muche folc a ; muche folke ^87. 
enchantement] channtement B. se] y se B ; yseo a; ise S. 

671. makie] make 6/875. wengen] wyngon B ; wingen a; wygges /3 ; 
wynges 7 ; whyugys 5. an] and 7. 

672. See Appendix, note E. ne] om. ?. 

673. k«] \>e BS. 

674. \>at] om. 5. to 7'od] to rof B ; to brake 5. 

675. Abbe . . . ilerned] Walkynge vpon ^e grovxnde I'an haue leruyd 5. 
Abbe] Haue B. 

676. was] om. B. eli/c] helii^e a ; helye ^87. 

677. israhel] irael R. </?*] in Ba5. t/an] bi gan to B; gan to a/3; 
by gan to 5. 

678. pat] Ba/375 ; pnv A. nc six] ny six B. 

679. come on] ne come ou B ; comen in a ; come vpon 5. al so] ri^t 
so ;97. 

D 



50 THE CHRONICLE OF 

A fter king ba}>iilf • leir is sone was king • G80 

& regnede }>ritti ler - wel ]>ov alle ]nnge • 
Vpe ]?e water of soiire • an cite of gret fame • 
He rerecle & cluped it leicestre • after is owe name • 
pre (lo^tren ]>e king adde • ]^e eklost het gornorille • 
pe midineste het regan • ];e ^ongeste cordeille • G85 

pe fader horn louede alle inou • & ])e ^ongost mest • 
Vor heo was best & veirest • & to hautesse droii lest • 
po ]>e king to elde com • alle ]^rc he bro^te • 
pe dottren bi vore him • to witen of hor J^o^te • 
Vor he }?otte his kinedom • dele among horn ]n-e • 690 
& lete horn spousi wel • iwar he mi^te bise • 
To ]>e eldeste he sede verst • dorter bidde ich ]>e • 
Seie me al clene pin herte • hou mnche ]'ou lonest me • 



680. t«).i///] Bladulf a/Sy. 

681. ]>ritli'] sixti Ba/SyS. ]>or] |>oru Ba ; Jjiirnh )3 ; thorugliY; jn'ough 5. 
C82. Vpe] Opon o ; Apou /S7 ; ^'pon 5. soiirc'] stoure aS ; Stour J87. 

07*] a B5 ; o al3y. cife] town 5. 

683. rcrede] endede B. duped'] clepede Ba ; callid I3y. it] ora. I3y. 
leicestre] Ijxestre 7. 

684. do-ytren'] doutren a ; dou^trcs fiy ; donghlris S. Yc hiny] \>h 
kyng B ; he 0/378. eldott] heldcste a ; eldist fiy. het] om. BS- 
gornorille] Cornyllc jiy. 

C8.5. J-V . . . reyan] Kagan hot he midemeste a ; Ragan hi;t J^e mydemyst 
fiy; Regan he3ght }>e myddylmost 5. liet] hatte B. xonyeste] 

^ongost B ; hiidde het a ; ^ridde hi^ ^y ; thryd hcy%t 5. cordeille] 

cordille a^5 ; cordylle 7. 

686. horn louede] louod hem S. c^] ac B ; om.ay37 ; hot 5. -^onyosl] 
congest 0/878. mest] alremest a ; all'crmest y8 ; althermeste 7 ; al^er. 
moste . 

687. hautesse] hautesce a; hautenesse B ; hauutesse S; pryde 0y. drou] 
dren a. 

688. \>re he b/oyte] j^ey were browU 5. 

689. f'e doytren hi vore him] Hys doutren to fore hym B ; Him bifore he 
doutreua; Him biforn J-e dou^tres ;87 ; Hym by fore these doughtren 5. 
iviteii] wyte B ; \vite 0/87 ; wete 5. 

690. \>oytt] -Nvolde apyS. dele . . . ]>re.] among ham delen aj'reo a ; 
amonge hem (k'le al hrc J87. 

691. lete] leten a. spousi] J^er w' spousi B; |>er mide spousi a; J)er 
with spouse ^37 ; ]>er w' marye 5. 

692. he] hare a. verst] om. 0^875. l/idde ich] ich bidde Ba ; I bidde 
J875. 

C93. Seie'j Sey^e a; Sey Bliy. al clene] clene of 0/878, \'ou] om. 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 51 

Min heie godes qiiaj> ]?is maide • to wittnesse ich drawe 

echone • 
pat ich louie more in min herte • ]n leue bodi one • G95 
pane my soule oj^er mi lif • )?at in mi bouke is • [so] 

pe fader was ];o glad inou • ]?o he hurde )?is ,• 
Mi leue doiter he sede ]>o • vor ]70u ast in loue ido • 
Min olde lif biuore Jjin • & biuore )>i soule also • 
Ich J^e wole marie wel • mid ])e ];riddedel of mi londe • 700 
To j^e nobloste bacheler • jjat ]?in herte wile to stonde • 
pe o]?er dorter he esste ]>o ■ jmlke sulue askinge • 
Sire heo sede bi )>e heie godes • louerdes of alio |nnge • 
Ich louie more ]n swcte [lif] • |?an al pat in ]>e worlde 

is • 
& pel al ]>e world were rain • & al ]>e richesse iwis • 



G94. (/««{) \>is viaide'\ heo sede a ; sche saide fiy ; sehe seyde 5. ich 

drawe'] I take B5. 
69"). ich louie] y loue B; ich louy^e a; I loue ^.ow ^y. in ?«//*] in 

myu B ; in \>m A ; \>nn myn a^yS. ]h leue] B ; mi leue A ; ]>\ swete 

aPyS. one] al one a/87 ; allone 5. 
69G. pa7ie . . . lif] & })an mi soule lif a; And l-an myn owen life ^y ; 

And more t>an my soule or my lyfe 5. mi/] myn B. (i\>er] and B. 

ill] on a. mi] om. y. hoithe] bodi BySy ; bouk a. 

697. was \>o] \>o was 5. inou] om. 5. ))o he] whan he B. \>is] al 
l^is a/S^S. 

698. leue] leoue a. \>u] om. a)35. 

699. olde] owen fiy. )>///] J>is B. §• biuore] and biforn fiy. \>i] 
)>ine a. 

700. \>e wolc] wol \>e B/87 ; J^e wolle leten a ; wil J>e lete 5. marie] 
mari^en a ; marien ^y. mid \>e \>riddedel] with \>c H'idde part B ; 
mid Jjriddendel a ; with ^>e )>riddendel ^y ; w' J^e thryddeu dele 5. of] 
om. ay85. 

701. nobloste] nobleste a; noblest BI3y. ivile] wol B ; wole a^ ; wolle 7 ; 
wil 5. to stonde] vnderstonde a/875. See Appendix, note F. 

702. pe] To Jje 5 ; ho B. esste] eschte a ; aschcde B ; asked ^y^. \<o] 
)>an ^37. \>ulke sulue] J>ulke silue a ; |>at same B ; j'ilke same ^y ; 
J>ilk same 5. 

703. heo sede] tjuod heo B ; qua)' heo a ; q'' sche ^y^. bi ]?e heie] 
bi hye B ; by hir 5 ; by be 7. louerdes] lordes B ; lordis ^37. of] 
ouer a)37. \>i7ige] thynges 7. 

704. louie] loue B/37. j'i swcte] A ; |)i leue lyf B ; J>i leof hf a ; )<i 
leef life 0y ; hyne owii life 5. \>e] J^is ^y. 

705. i>ei] )i>ouy fiy. ^- al] and 7. 

D 2 



52 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Al & eke min owe lif • leuere me were lese • TOG 

pan yi lif )?at me is so lef • ^if ich mi^te chese • 

Le'w rex. 
fol, 15 1). pe fader was ]>o glad inou • & bad ire vnderstonde • 

To tAvan sse wolde imaried be • mid \>e j'riddedel of 

is londe • 
pe tongestc he esste ]jo • as he adde \>c o]?ere ido • 710 
Heo ne coup>e of no vicelinge • & ne ansiierede no^t so • 
Sire heo sede ine leue noit • }>at min sostren al so]? sede • 
Ac auornete me icholle so]? segge • of ]?is dede • 
Ich ]?e louie as ]?e man • ]?at my fader is • 
& euere abbe iloiied as mi fader • & euere wole iwis • 715 
& lif ]70u wole ^ut ];er vppe • more esse &5 wite of me • 
Al ]?e ende of loue & ]?e ground • icholle segge ]?e • 

706. Al] Al t>at ai37. owe] owyn )3 ; owue By. leuere] Aa5 ; louer 
B;37. me were] ich hadde Ba ; I hadcle 1875. lese] leose a. 

707. me is so lef] is me leof a ; is me leef I3y; ys me lefe 5. %if] ^cf 
B; & a; and /37c. mixtc] myght it 5. chese] cheose o. 

708. \}o] t)an /3 ; thanne 7 (and passim). 

709. xwan] whom B^7 ; wha a. sse] heo Ba. wolde imaried] 
scholde maried 5. mid >e \viddedel] w' t^e Jride del B ; mid j^riddendel 
a ; with t'dddendel ^y; w' J^e Jryd parte 5. of] om. a/87. 

710. pe] To \>e B. xongeste] ^ongost B. esste] askedo B ; asked 
PyS ; eschte a. J^e] ho B5. ido] her ydo a ; er ydo I3y ; ere j'do S. 

711. J)e cou];>e] no kout>e B ; eouj'e uoght 5. of no] no a/37 ; 01^ suche 
S. vicelinge] fikelyug B ; fikelinge a ; fekelyng fiy ; flattrynge S. 
^•] heo a ; sche /375. ne'] om. 5. ansnerede] onswerede B ; 
answerd S. 

712. ine] ich nea; yB; I ^yB. leue] lyue S. min] my BS. 
sostren] sustren BJ87 ; sosterne a ; sistres 5. al] om. 0)878. 

713. Omitted in a. Ac . . . dede] But I schal 50W in so^nesse & 
uou^t fekel in no dede ^87 ; I wil sothe seye as fore me of his ilke dede 5. 
auorne-yC me] for me my self B. icholle] ich wol B. 

714. Ich ))e louie] I loue ]'e 5. louie] loue B/37. J)e] Jjat S. 

715. e?«erc] om. 0/878. abbe iloued] habbe ylouede J^e a ; haue yloued 
l^e ; haue loued j^ee Py. 

71G. ivolc] wolt Ba ; wilt fiyS. yd] ^et B; ^itte 5; om. 0^87. \)er 

vppe] J'er vppon ^7 ; |>er vpon 5. esse] asche B ; eschc a ; aske 187. 

wife] ywite a. 
117. Al .. . ground] pan end & eke J^e ground of loue o ; An ende and 

eke grounde of loue I3y; The ende & eke K- groundo of loue S. 

icholle] ich wol B ; ich wole a; I wole /3 ; I wolle 7; I Mil 5. scgyc] 

say /37 ; seye 5, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 53 

As muclie as |?ou ast al so muche • ton art wor]> iwis • 
&j as muche ich louic ^e • ]?e endinge lo is ]ns • 
po king was ])o wroj? iuoii • vor to sede al ];at so]? • 7:^0 t^i] 
& sede vor }>ou ne louest mc nott • as ]nn sostrcn do]? • 
Ac despisest me in miii oldc line • ]>oii no ssalt ncucre 

iwis • 
Part abbe of mi kinedom • ne of lond )?at min is • 
Ac Ymo sostren ssolle]? abbe al • vor lior lierto is so 

kunde • 
&- ]?ou ssait vor ]nn vnkundhede • be out of al min 
munde • 725 

* Ac ine segge nott tif ich may • to inariage ]?c biinge • 
pat inele wij> cute lond • wij> some Intel ]>mge • 
Vor ];on art mi dotter & ich abbe • more p'an ]>m sos- 
tren boJ?e • 
I loued ]>e one }jon ^elst • nou my lone wro]7e • 

718. As . . . muche'] Also muche so (as /Sy) >ou hauest (hast /Sy) o/Qy; 
Also meche as j^ou hast 5. al so] as B. ^ow] l^ou Ba/375. arf] ert a. 

719. as] also afiy^. louic] loue B/Sy. \yc endinge lu] }>o eude of 
loue B. 

720. king] cm. 7. ]>o] om. ^y. y] heo Ba ; sche &yS. 

721. Sf sede vor] For he seide Ba; For he said 0y; Fore he seydc 5. 
7ie] om. a/875. \)i7i] \>i B. sostre7i] ohere sostren a ; o)>cr sustren 
/3 ; oj^ere sistres 5. 

722. Ac . . . Hue] Ac in miu elde despisest me a ; But iu niyu (myue 7) 
hcldc dispisest (displesyst 7) me Py. nc] om. S. 

723. 11c of] ue no afiy. 

724. Ac] om. afiy. ]^i7ic sostren] ]^y systerne S. sso?/e]>] schulle B; 
scholleu a ; schulleu ^7 ; schul 5. al] om. a;37. hor hc7-tc] huro 
hurte a; here hertes ^7 ; hertys S. is so /naidc] ys k3ude B ; IniJ^so 
kuynde a ; ben so kynde /S7 ; be so kynde 5. 

725. ssalt] om. B. vnhwidhedc] onkuinde hede a ; vnkyndhede /3 ; 
vukynbede 7 ; vnkyndenesse B ; vukyndeues 5. be] beou a. 
outofal] al out of a; al outeof)3; alle outc of 5. f.'/"«^] al of 5* 

7/vi7i] mi a;87. 7nunde] muinde a ; mynde B;375. 

726. i7ie] ich ne a. seggc] seye t>e 5. Tioyt] no)t for )>an B ; nout for 
I'an a ; not for han $y ; noght for jjan 5. %lf ich i/iai/ to] vf to a ; if to 5 ; 
yf I to Py. he bri7igr] J'c vrynge B ; I may J'C brynge 5 ; J^e mai 
briuge a$y. 

727. i7ielc] y ne wol B ; I nyl 0y ; ich uelc a. lond] eny londe 8, 

728. iV ich abbe] ora. a/87. i/iorc ]yan] bifore a;8 ; byforc 7. hw] 
\>i B,8 ; J)ine ay. 

729. lotted] loue a^y. \>ou yelst] & j'ou ^eldest B;375 ; & {'ou )elst d. 

nou OT//] now ray B5 ; nou mi a ; me nowe ^87. wrol>e] wel wroj^e a j 

ful M'roJ'e /By. 



54 THE CHRONICLE OF 

per after euene a tuo • he delede is kinedom • 730 

& tef is tueie do^tren half • & half him sulf nom • 
& f'e eldeste dorter \vi\) here del • ^ef vi}> oute faile • 
pe king of scotlonde & J>e o]7er • )?e king of cornwaile • 
To abbe half is lond wi)? horn • atte biginninge • 
& su]^)^e al is kinedom • after is endinge • 735 

& J»e gode cordeile • vnmaried was so • 
Vor 10 nolde vikeli as ire sostren adde ido • 
Ac god ];oiute iiit on hire • vor hire triwenesse • 
Vor ];e king of franee hurde telle • of ire godnesse • 
&j bed hire fader granti him • ])e gode cordeile • 740 
pe king sende word a^en • j^at it Avas wel is wille • 
[32] Ac he nolde wi\> hire line • tresor ne lond • 

Vor is tuo eldore doitren • hit adde al an hond • 

po ]>e king of france hurde ]?is • he ansuerede ]7er to • 

pat he adde him sulf lond inou • & tresour al so • 745 

730. per after"] Anon J>er after a ; Anone J^er aftir Py ; Auone \>eve after S. 
he delede'] dele a. is kinedom] his loude & kyngdom &y. 

731. }ej' is tueie] jaf (yauc 7) his two a/S-y ; ^af hit hys two S. nam] he 
nom a/3. 

732. ^] om. a/37. eldeste] vldest a. wi);> here del jc/"] he jaf wel je 
bojje a ; he jaf lijt wel ja (ye 7) boj^c ^37. y<^f] he jaf B. 

733. pc] f'e ober }>e o ; The tone ]>e 0y ; To J^e 5. cy] om. 0/378. o]>er 
]>e] o]f>ere to l^e 8. 

734. atte] at i>e a/3 ; atte the 7 ; at J^e first . 

735. al is] alle hys al hys 8. 

736. gode] om. 7. so] so ho a7 ; ho 0S. 

737. jo] hco Ba; sche /37S. ?ioWc viheli] nolde fikele B ; nolde fikelia ; 
wolde not fikely liy ; cowth uoght flattre 8. 

738. yit] om. B/87. oh. hire] of hure /37. triwenesse] trewnesse B ; 
grete trunesse a,- gret trewnesse 13 ; grete trewenesse 7 ; trouthe & 
goodnes 5. 

739. hurde] }hiirdo a ; harde yS ; horde 7. <jodncssc] Avisdam & worthy- 
nes 5. 

740. Sf] He S. bed] ])adBa/3; hade 78. (jranti] graunt B ; graitnte /37. 
\>e yode] liis gode doutcr a; his good (goode 7) doiuter 0y. 

741. seiide] send B. ivcl] om. B. 

742. nolde] wolde noujt 0y. zt;/J> /»';c yue] jcuc w' her 8. tresor] 
good tresoure 8. 7(t'] ne no a;37. 

743. tuo eldore] two oK'r B ; ojjere two a$y. hit adde] hadde it B|37 ; 
hadde hit o ; had hit S. an hond] on hond Ba ; on honde 0y. 

74'1. po] om. a/37. /'<-■] and a0y. . 

745. t'a^ . . /onrf] Him sulf (self /8) he hadde londe aS; Uym self hadde 
7. (V] and eke a0y. ul so] her to 8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 00 

& )?at he ne kepte bote hire one • wij; oute allc o]>er 
Innge • 

Lelr rex. 

pat some eirs & children • bituene horn niitte bringe • fol. ip. 

So |>at atte laste • jus niaide i.spouscd was • 

To ]'e heie king of franco • as god tef pat cas • 

])o |ns king leir eklore was • he bigan to \o]>e • 7-50 

Vor he so longe linede • is leuc dottren bo]>e • 

Hor louerdes hii entissede • ]:'at hii hukle to gadeic 

vaste • 
& wonne al ]?is iond to horn • & hor fader out caste • 
pis tueie kinges nonie hor ost • & endede }ns dcde • 
&j binome J^is oklemannes Iond • as hor wiues horn 

bede • 755 

Ac pe king of scotlonde • vor reuJ7e & for kundliede • 
[Hym nom to hym in to his hows ateyn ys wyues 

rede] • . 750* 



746. ^ \>at'\ Ke )jat B ; Aud a/3y ; He scyd 5. no hcpte'] kcptc noght 5. 
«//e] 0111. y85 ; ciil o. ; any fiy. 

747. sonic'] \pcy myglit som S ; hij myteu «; hei my^tcu /Sy. some . . , 
children] hco niy^tc soiii cyrcs B. mi'^f.e] fov\> Ba ; iori>c 0y. 

748. pat] oiu. y. ispoitscd was] ]>o ywedck'd was 5. 

749. )3C heic] \)h B ; I'e a$y. y<'f\>at cas] jaf J^at cas B ; scude her )nit 
grace 5. 

750. ];>is] J'at S. Jun<j Icir] leir king a ; kyng /3 ; kynge y. ctdoic] 
vldcre a ; elder y. he] heo B ; Wy fiy ; hym S. 

751. so] om. afiy. 

752. entissede] ticedc a ; ticed /Sy. \>at . . . vaste] to gedcre to holde 
fastc B. ];>at hii hidde] to holde afiyS. to (iadere'\ to g^'der y. 

753. uwnne] wynuc Ba^yS. ]>is] hys 5. 

754. pis] peos a ; Thisc /8 ; These y. tiieic] twelve o ; twei B ; two fiy. 
name hor ost] gadercde ost a ; gaderid ost /3 ; gaderyd y ; gadred oste S. 

755. binome] biiiomcn a ; by name I3y. |>/i] Jjc afiy. oldcmannes] olde 
mon ysB ; olde man hys 5 ; king his a ; kynge his fiy. horn] om. a/3y. 

756. for] om. Ba/3y. Inindhedc] kuudede B ; kyndehedc /Sy ; kuyiid 
liede a. 

756*. Fi'om 15. Omitted in A. ////w ?(om] Toke him /3y. to hi/i/i] 
om. 8. in to] in afly, viito 5. a^c;/n] ajenst afiy. ir)/ncs] wyf ys S, 



56 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Sixti kniites wi)? honour • to vinde him al his lif • 
As wo sei]? vor a kinedom • & vor hoiiur of is wif • 
Wi}; inne tuo ler after • hit of ]?oii^te ]>e lup'er qiiene • 
pat hire fader adde to muche • *!i:; J^at he wolde to 
muche spene • 760 

Heo made |?at of sixti kni^tes • hire louerd w'ip drou • 
& made him holde to ]mtti • & horn ]?outte inou • 
pis leir was assamed ]>o • & in wraj'j^e atte nende • 
To is doiter qiiene • of cornwaile gan wende • 
& plainede of ]'e unkimdhede • of is doiter gornorille • 
& wende j^er amendement • abbe after is wille • 766 
[33] pulke dozter him aueng • mid honur as ]>e hende • 
Ac he was al vol of him • ar ]7e leres ende • 
Vor he entisede hire louerd J70 • ]?at he is kniztes echone • 
Vor const binome him • bote an vif men one • 770 

757. SixW] & sixti a^y. u/wcfe] sywen a ; sewen 0y. him al A/s] 
hem alle here S. 

758. a] }s B ; his a^ ; hys yh. kinedom'] kyndoin B ; kyngdom /Sy ; 
kyngedam 5. 

759. after] j^er aftur B ; >er after oS ; J^er aftir ^y. of]pouytc'] hoii)te Ba ; 
a]30U)t fiy; Jiow^t 5. j^e] J53S 5. hiYcr'] luij^ere a; le>er fiy; Inhere 5. 

'i^O. fader'] om. B. \xit he] om. Ba/By. \>(it • • • muche] to 

meche he ded 5. 
761. \>cit (f] of a/3-y; of h-o S. hire] })at hir 5. louerd] loiierd J'ritti 

a ; lorde j^ritty ;8y ; lorde hem S. 
7C2. holde] holde him 5. to] but /Sy. lV horn \>ouyte] & >at was 

hire \>o-yte. B; >at Mas huie J'oute (liouUjSy) afiy ; and hat was hem 

how^t 5. 

763. assamed] of schamed a. atte vrnde] at he ende B5 ; at jniu 
ende a^ ; atte end 7 ; atte he ende S. 

764. do-^tcr] oher dorter he Ba/SyS. ijan] ho gan BaySy, 

765. of] himofa/3y. wj/rMj/f/Aet/c] Tnkyndc dede B ; vukuindehede a; 
vukyndehedc /3 ; vnkynhede y ; vnkyudenys 5. ;/ornorille] Cornyllc 
(corrected) y. 

766. abbe] to habbe Ba; to bane haddc /8y; to haiie 5. after] al at 
/8y. is] ys owne B ; om. 5. 

767. him] om. 7. aueng] to fonge B ; her feug a; here fonge /By; 
fengc 5. he hende] he wende Bafiy ; bym wende 5. 

768. he] heo Ba; sche ;3y5. al] om. 5. ar he] cr he B; er 
hane a ; or hat 0y. 

769. he] lieo Ba; sche ^875, htf] om. Ba/3y5. 

770. binome him] by nyme llym alleB; were binoraeu him a ; schuldo 
him bitalvcn fro fi ; schulde liym l)ytake froo 7. him] hem 5. an] 
a B ; om. a^79. one] al one a ; allonc 0yd. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 57 

Wuche SO hii were to serui him • & j^at was inou • 
po }>is oldeman J'is ihuixle • to sorwe is hertc he droii • 
He nuste to twej^er clozter • betere truste ]?o • 
& naj^eles he wende aten • to |7e o]7er mid muche wo • 
& hopede vor to finde of hire • betere miilce & 
grace • 775 

k, heo suor bi hire heie godes • anon in ]>e place • 
pat he ne ssolde mid hire be • bot it one were • 

Leir rex. 
Wi]; one kniite wij? oute mo • j^e ^Avile he him wcl ^o^- ^^ ''• 

bere • 
&L esste iwat sorwe him were • wanne he nadde him 

sulf no god • 
To wilni so gret const • & be of so gret mod • 780 
pis word dude muche wo • to ]>is seU olde king • 
pat heo atweste him is stat • ]7at he nadde no ]?ing • 
pat word brae nei is herte • muche he it onderstod • 
pat is child atweste is pouerte • J'at adde al is god • 



771. so hii were] so it were B; were \>o 5. to serui hivi] to serue 
liym B ; to him a ; on\, fiy, for to seruen him 5. ivas'] was heo 
seide a ; was sche sayd ^j ; hyr J^ou^t 5. 

772. oldeman'] seli mon B. )>/s ihurde] Hs herde B ; ]ns hard &y ; 
herd thys 5. Ae] oni. 'Ea^y^. 

773. nuste] wist iiou^t ySy; ne wyst 5. betere] best 5. truste] to 
triste a ; to trist fiy ; to tryst 5. 

774. mid muche] with muche B; mid gret a ; with gret /3-y. 

775. cS'] He a/3-y. of hire] at here 5. hctcre] more 3. mulce] 
meuske B ; milce o; chere &y, mercye 5. 

777. ssolde] om. 5. it one] yf it so 5. 

778. Wi]> one] And on B ; Mid o a. ?(v'h oute] M'ith onteu By; v/'- ' 
owten 5. 

779. esste] aslcedc B ; axede a. yeat] wad B. him were] him ailed 
^y. nadde] hadde liyS. him sulf] om. a/S-y. 

780. wilni so] wyluc so B ; wilni habbe a ; wilne to haue 0y. 

781. dude] dide him /Sy. muche wo] niuchc sorwe B; meche sorow S. 
to] om. BajSy, 

782. pat . . , slat] Tho he wyst of his astate 5. pat] poa; WhenySy. 
heo] om.B. atweste] atwiste a; atwytede B; atwited I3y. is] & ys B. 
stat] a.statc $y. nadde] hadde Py, nadde hyra self B; nad him 
selfe 5. 

783. herie] hertc atwo «; hert atwo I3y. muche] & louge BajSyS. 

784. pat] po a ; When ^y. atweste] atwiste a; at wiste B; atwited Py ; 
atwytte 5. 



58 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Were neuere king ne queue • glad wannc liii him seie • 
Ac to ]fe loiiiol day hopede • wannc he ssolde deie • 786 
He bileuede as he nede moste • vov\> mid one kni^te • 
& ]>e quene is dotter alle wo • him dude fram dai to 

niite • 
[•■54] So j?at he moste vor lin miseise • awey atten ende • 
pe o]7er dorter ]^at he adde • ifonded • he ne dorste to 

hire wende • 790 

pe quene of france }?e ]?riddc • him j^otte mid vnrizte • 
Vor he misdude hire • ]:»at he ne dorste • comen in hire 

sitte • 
Ac attelaste )?o he isei • j?at he moste attenende • 
Vor pur meseise vorfare • leuere he adde wende • 
& Ijidde is mete tif he ssolde • in a strange londe • 795 
pan ]>ere as he him sulf • king was • & such Jjing adde 

an honde • 

785. Nerc . . . ylad] Kyng ne quene nere nout (were nou^t jSy) glade 
a^y ; The kyuge ne ]:>e quene were neuere gladde S. Nerc] 
om. 13. An] heo B ; hat hij a ; >at hey 5; \>ei fiy. scie'] ysey^e a/37. 

786. to J^c loiuol day'] to ioy^e al diii a ; to ioye alday ^y; to loyc al 
daye 5. wanne he ssolde] t-at heo mi^te B ; I'at he scholde ufiy ; 
hat he schulde in haste 5. deie] dey^e afiy. 

787. bileuede] bilefde o. us he nede] & nede afiy. 

788. alle wo him dude] dude him a; dide him Py; ded him al wo 5." 
frain dai to] boj'e day & B ; dai to a^y ; by daye & eke by 5. 

789. So \>at . . . 7niseise] pat he for meseise moste a; That he for niysese 
most Py ; That he most fore mysseyse 5. uwei/] nede awey a/Sy ; 
awaye nede 5. atteii ende] at he ende B5 ; at ]>i\n ende a; at he 
)ere ende 187. 

790-793 omitted in a^y. 

790. ]Htt] om. B5. ifonded] asayed B ; founded 5. he] hat he B ; that 5. 

After 790 in 5 lines 795, 796 arc inserted, 

791. \)oyte] ho) B. 

792. Vor he misdude hire] He misdude hire B; He had mysdo 5. coinen 
i?t] eorae in B ; come w' ynne 5. 

793, 794 omitted in 5. 

793. attelaste] at he laste B (& passim). isci] sei B. tnoste] moste 
nede B. 

794. Vor pur] For pore B; For pur a; Than for /Sy. 

795. Sj- bidde . . . ssolde] Leuere him were to byd his mete 5. hiddc] 
beggc J87. yif he ssolde] mid pouere men a ; wih pore men /By ; 
w' pouerte 8. in a] fer in a; farre in j3 ; ferre in 7 ; in S. 

796. pan . . . ivas] That bi fore was hye kyng 0y. as] om B. he 
him sulf kin;; was] he king a; M'as byfore kyuge 5. such] swhcche 7 
h'wy] om. 7. an] on Ba/37. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 59 

Attelaste in sorwe inou . to ))e se he wende • 

To do is beste in raeseisc • ware so god him sende • 

In ])e ssip o]?er princes • in gret prute he biheld • 

& he nadde mid him bote tueie men • him )>o^te is 

herte vekl • 800 

[He ]?oite on j^e noblei ]?at he hadde in ybe 800* 

He wep \>e terus ronne doun j^at deol it was to se] 800** 
Mid loxinge & gret wop • ]nis he bigan is mone • 
Alas alas j^ou lu[>er wate • ]?at vilest me ]nis one • 
pat l^us clene bringst me adoun • woder ssal ich be 

bro^t . 
Vor wel more sorwe it de]; me • wan it comp' in mi 

pe nobleye ]7at ich abbe iheued • & j^at ich was iwoned 
to wende • 805 

Mid so moni hondred knittes • aboute in ech ende • 



797. Attelaste'] Bot at last S. to] iu to B. he wende] ho he 
wente 8. 

798. meseise] hys mysscyse 5. ware so] \>er asc a ; J^er as ^y ; wliedyr 
hat 5. sc7ide] sente 5. 

799. o\>er] as oj^er B ; al o\>ev 3. prute] pruydo B; pryde ^y. biheld] 
bi hulde B. 

800. (.y he . . . men] Bote twei^e men uadde he ho 5 ; But two meu 
hadde he \>AVi Py. c^] oni. 5. tueie] two 5. veld] felde 0y. 

800*, 800**. As m B ; omitted iu A. 800*. \yoytc] houte a; >ou)t 0y ; 

thought 5. noblei] noblei^e a ; noblcy fiy ; gi'ete nobleye 5. in 

ijbc] ou ibeo a. 800**. wep] Ba ; wept /3 ; wepte yS, \>e] hat he 5. 
ronne doun] ourue adouu a ; ran adofi 5 ; doun ran y3 ; douu ranue y. 
deol] BS; dul a; doil ^y. se] seo a. 

801. ^] & mid B ; & with I3y ; and w' 5. tvop] wepe S; weping /S-y. 
he] om. B. 

802. ho"] he B. ivate] AB ; whate a0y ; fortune 5. vilest] filest fiy. 

803. pat] om. a/Sy. \)its] so 5. bringst me] mebryngustB; briugest 
me ajSy ; brj-ngest me hus 5. ivoder] wyder B ; Avhider a/8 ; whyder 
y ; whedir 5. 

804. Vor wel] For B; om. a/Sy. com\> in] is on o; is in /Sy. 

805. ich abbe iheued] ich was on a ; I was Inne /Sy. iheued] y had 
B; yhadde 5. i\'] om. B. \>atich] om. a/Sy. iwoned] wond B; 
woned a5 ; wont /Sy. wende] wynde B. 

806. so] om. ajiy. 



60 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& castles nime & tonnes • & min fon bringe to groimde • 
panne do al ]>e meseise • ]?at ich am on iboimde • 

Leir rex. 

fol. 17. Leue dotter cordeille • to so]? pou seidest me • 

pat as muche as ich adde ich was wor]? • J'ei ine leiiede 
]>e . 810 

[35] pe wile ich o^t adde ich was wor]; • & nou it is al agon • 
Min children J?at ich ^ef mi god • be]? min meste fon • 
Vor my god hii louede me • k; nou hii abbe]? eueridel • 
Hii nolle]? me tine of min owe • mid gode herte a mel • 
A wey dotter cordeille • woder ssal ich nou lie • 815 
So muche ichabbe j?e misdo • ]?at ine dar ]?e ise • 
Mid woch bodi dar ich come • in }>in si^t ene • 
pat bi nom ]?e My frendssipe • vor ]?i sol?nesse al clene • 

807. imne'] take fiy; wynne 5. ^- ?«m] mine a; my fiy; myne 5. 
bringe'] to brynge 78. 

808. panne do al] "Wailewai a; Walaway $y; Weyllawey now 5- 
■meseise'] myscheef &y. am on] in B; am Inne fiy ; am now yn 5. 

809. io] i>e &yS. so\>] so)je B/ByS. 

810. pat] cm. aj875. as ich] so ich a. ]pei] Jjou) ^87 ; |>oughe 5. 
ine leuede] ich ne lefde a ; I lyuecl noght S. \>e] Ba ; l^ec fi ; 
the 75 ; me A. 

811. wile] whiles fiy; whyle J^at S. cV] om. aj875. it] om. 5. 
ayon] gone li. 

812. Min] Mi B. xef] )afa; ^aue )37. mi] om. afiy. be\> . . . 
fon] ne kepe)> me nou^t on o ; ne kepi)' me noujt one ^7 ; J'cy 
kepeth me noght one 5. 

813. hii . . . hii] heo . . . heB. S\-] om. 0/378. abbc]>] hit habbc)) a; 
hit ha)> Py ; haue 5. eueridel] euerichclel a; euerechedel fiy. 

814. Hii . . . herte] The wylle no)t of myne own w' good hert ^eiic 
me 5. Hit nolle]> me giue] He uul not )eue B ; And nnlle)' me 
^iue a ; And wollen nou^t me ■iiue /3 ; And wolle nought me yive 7. 
of min oive] of myn owne B ; \>er of al3y. a mel] o mel a; 
o meel ^y ; o mele 5. 

815. A u-ey] A wey (partly erased) a/3; Waye S; A 7. icodcr] 
wyder B ; whider a/3 ; whydev 7. 

816. ise] se /375. 

817. ]\[id . . . cue] To ))edoughter dar I noght come of myne angwyscli 
mc to beraene S. Mid trocli] Mi woch A ; Mid wuche B ; In swich 
o ; in wliiche fiy. dar] nc dar c-fiy, ]?/«] H a/37. ''"*^] nou^t 
ene a ; nou^t euene &y. 

818. Mij] myn B. al] om. S. 



ROBERT OF OLOUCESTER. Gl 

pis men mowe her ensamplc nime • to lete hor sones 

wiue • 
«Sj tiue horn vp lior loud • al lii lior line • 820 

Vor wel may a wimple frankelein • in iniseise him so 

bringe • 
Of hitc lonci wannc J'er biuel • such cas of an kinge • 
po ]ns king adde iwend aboute • in such soruol cas • 
Attelastc he com to carric • p'er is do iter was • 
He bileuede wij; oute toun • In wel grete fere • 825 
He sende ]>q quene is dorter word • wuch is aunters 

were • 
& ]}8bt pur meseise him j^uder drof • & defaute of biliue • 
& bad hire vor ])e loue of god • hire wra]?|?e him vortiue • 
pe quene ])0 zo ihurde j^is • nei is wo we was • 
Alas heo sede is mi fader • ibrott in such cas • 830 
Mid hou mani kniites is he come • ]>e oj^er aten sede • 
Ma dame bote mid o man • & ^ut l^ulke in feble wede • 

819. pis'] pus aByS. vwwe'] may fiy. her] here B ; oiu. aySy. 
nime] take By. lete] late B. 

820. vp hor lond] bare londes vp a ; here londis vp /Sy; her londc vp 5. 

821. Vor] om. ajSyS. a] o a. miseise] myscheef /Sy. him so] so 
hym 7. 

822. lute] lutel B ; litel a ; lytil 5. biuel] fel Ba ; felle PyS. cas] 
om. B. an] a BS ; one a ; on I3y. 

823. adde] om. By. iwend] go B; ywent By; weut 5. soruol] 
sorwfiil B ; soreuful a ; sorowfiil By ; a sorowful 5. 

824. carric] caric B ; carik aB ; caryk y. \>er] J^ere as 5. 

825. tou)i] \>e toun Ba5 ; J)e town By. In] & in B ; al in aB ; alle in yS. 

826. ivuch] Avuche B ; which a ; whiche By. aunters] antres B ; 
auenturus aB ; auenturys 7 ; auentures 5. 

827. \>uder] Hder ByS ; J^eodre a; theder y. defaute] defauntc ;3. 
of biliue] ofbileue a; where of to lyue By; of relyue 5. 

828. bad] bed B; prayed B; preyd y. 

829. \>o ^0 ihurde] \>o heo herde B ; \>o heo hurde a ; po sche herd 5 ; 
■when sche hard B ; when sche herde y. nei] wel njgli S, iswowe] 
yswounyng B ; ysowe a ; in swoune sche By ; ysowue sche 5. 

830. ibroyi] om. a/SyS. .such] swich o ; sucho By^. cas] deolful 
cas B5 ; dulfol cas a ; delful By. 

831. mani] fale a; fele 5. is he come] com he a; comeJ> he By ; come 
he S. sede] hure sede aBy. 

832. mid man] w» on man S. yit \>idhe] )et }nikc B; ^ulke o; 
Kit 07S. fcbJe] a fcbul 5. 



62 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Alas qua]^ ]>q qiiene ]:»o • is it nou mid him so • 
Nimejj anon tresor inou • |;at he a}> neode to • 
[36J & clo]:»e]? him mid ]?e beste clo]:* • |jat te mowe bise • 835 
& vourti knittes wi|? him • ])at of is siwte beo • 
& do]> hom alle wel an horse • as king bicom]> to • 
& wanne no defaute nis ];at al nis wel ido • 
Sende]^ mi louerd word & me • ]>a,t mi fader in ]?is 
lond is . 

Leir rex. Cordoille regina. 

17 b. Wat halt it to telle longe • ido was al |ns • 840 

po \)e king leir atired was • & me hom word sende • 
pe king & quene vairc inou • aten J?is o]>er king wende • 
& mid gret honnr him avenge • ])0 he to hom come • 
& toke to is owe wille • al clene ]'e kinedom • 
pis was ]>o ]>e gode dotter • ]?at noldo vikeli nozt • 845 
Ofte ]>ing pat is ivikeled • to worse ende is brott • 



8.33. J>o] >enne B ; |>an fiy. is it] it is A ; ys it B ; is hit aPy. nou] 
uoul'e a. 7WU mid him] w' him now 5. 

834. Nime\>] Take> PyS. \>at] of )>at 5. 

835. f7ot>e)j] cloj'e fiy. him] om. S. mid] om. o; in fiyS. clo\>] 
cloJ>es fiy. nioive] may Py. bise] biseo a; jse B; se I3y. 

830. \>af] \>at l>ey S. siwte] siutc a ; sute fiyS. 

837. alle] om. ajiy. an hoi-se] to haue horse J87 ; hors 5. hint/] 
a kyng B ; a kynge 5. bicom\}] bicomcj? a^y ; longe)>e 5. 

838. nis] is /3 ; ya yS. 7iis] his nys B ; is o ; ys 5 ; be ^y. 

839. word] Ba ; worde fiyS ; vorh A. in >/« lo7id] in loude Ba^yS. 

840. halt] nedi)> Py. to telle lonf/e] longe to telle afiyS. was] 
wes B. 

841. po] om. a^yS. \>e] om. B. atired] arayed BS. ?«e hom] 
men hem B ; J>an hem fiy ; home was 5. sende] sent fiy ; seute S. 

842. queue] \>c (jueue Bafiy. )>is] \>q B ; om. fiyS. o\>er kimj] leir 
king a ■ leyr kyng ^y ; kynge Lcyr J>o 5. wende] went ^y • wente 5. 

843. avenge] fongon B ; fouge ay ; foug )3 ; fenge 5. 

844. toke to] token hym to Ba/87 ; toke hira to 3. oive] owue B ; 
om. a/375. J)t'] hare a ; here /3 ; hure y ; her 5. 

845. bo] lo B ; om. a/SyS. ntdde vikeli] nolde fikele B ; nolde fikeli 
a ; fikely wolde 3 ; sykely wolde y ; Avolde fykel 5. 

84fi. irikeled] fikeled B; fikcl afiy ; fyknl 5. worse] \>e wors S. 

is] hit is I3y. broyt] ibrout o ; ybrought 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G3 

pe kying of fraimce after folc • wide aboute sende • 

To awreke him of )?e luj^ere men • )>at i.s frend so ssende • 

po he adde poer inoii • ])c kyng loir he nom • 

&; ]>e quene is dotter • & to ]ns londe com • SjO 

Many kundemen of ]?is lond • Mid king k'ir huldc also • 

Vor ]je \aikundc suikedom • ]>at is doitrcn adde ido • 

So ]'at of franco & of pis lond • poer he adde inoii • 

ifc toward is fon mid horn alio • mid god herte he droii • 

& ouercom J^is false kynges • & hor wiues also • 855 

&5 aten was in is kinedom • mid grete honur ido • 

Cordeile is leue dotter • eir of al is lond • [37] 

After is daye he made ]:'0 • j^at he so kunde fond • 

Bi }>is tale me mai ise • ]?at men triwest we se]? • 

& best me mai to hom truste • ]mt of lest wordes 

he]) . 860 

Wi|)inne ]?c lev ]>e king of franco • deide &; ]>e king 

leir • 
& cordeille ])e kinedom • aiieng as ])e ri^t eyi- • 



847. «//«•] om. afiy. 

848. awi'ekel wreken al3y ; awTeken 5. him'\ om. 5. of ]fc iii\>ere^ 
of \>e lu^l^re a ; of le)>er $ ; of hither y ; on J^ese hi)iere 5. Jreinl] 
om. y. ssende'] schent fiy ; had schende 5. 

849. J^e] om a^y^. nom'] name jSy. 

8.50. to] in to 5. \>is] l>isse a ; \>e ilke fi ; tlijlke 7. com] came 

fiy ; he come 5. 
8.")1. ]>is] \>Q aPy. l:in<i I fir] leyr king afiy. Inildi'] )iuld B ; hekle ^y. 

852. Vor] Of 7. vnliuiidc] on knnde a; vuk3nde B^y. suikedom] 
falsedom fiy ; wjckeduesse 5. 

853. of francc] Ba ; of frannce /S^S ; ofiance A. lu- adde] l>ey 
hadde S. 

854. ^] ora. BajSy. 

855. J)/s] )»es a ; J>ise /3 ; these y. 
85G. vHis] om. B. 

857. leue] dere y. 

858. is daye] his de[>e a ; liis deth (iy. 

859. \>is] l^isse a (and passim). ise] Re fiy ; see 5. me7i triwest] trewest 
men aySy ; trewest euere 5. ire se\>] ofte is seen Py ; me seethe 5. 

8G0. truste] triste a. of lest wordes] h^ste of wordys 5. bejp] ben Py. 
8C1. Wii>inne . . . france] pe king of france in )>e )>ridde %era; The 

kynge of Fraunce in \>q )^ridde ^eer ^y. \^e] )>re B5. deide] 

dyede B ; delude o ; deyed fiy. J'c] eke afiy. 
8G2. Omitted in ^y. diieni/] fong B; afenge 5; \>o feng a. as l>e] 

ase a ; as sche J^at was 5. 



64 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& hire fader let burie • wip* gret prute & honour • 
At leicestre ]mt he made him siilf • bi side ]>& water 

of sour • 
pis godc cordeille • as king & qiiene J70 • 865 

Bileuede her in }ns lond • vif ^er «fe nanmo • 
Ar hire tweie soster sones • stalwarde men J>at were • 
Hennin & Morgan • worre hire gonne arere • 
& adde despit ]mt worn man • king ssokle alonde beo • 
& naj'eles wan mid all rit^e • hii were ner ]>an heo • 870 

Cmiedag rex. 
fol. 18. Hii gaderede vp hor aunte • hor ost aboute wide • 
& destruede hire londes • ei];er in is side • 
So l^at attelaste • to bataile hii come • 
& ]?e qiiene hor amite • in bataile hii nome • 
& in stronge prison brotte • & \q kinedom • 875 

Delde bitwene hem two • & eij^er is del nom • 

863. hire fader let burie'] lette hire faclur burie B ; letehir fader berye S; 
let hiire bury^e a ; lete bare bodies burie jiy. prute] prude B ; pride 
^y ; solerapnite 5. 

864. leicestre] leicetre B ; licestre a. made him sulf] him self made 5, 
sour] Stour a^y ; stoure S. 

865. p/s] pus )jis a; Thus fiy. 

866. Bileuede . . . lond] Her on (in fiy) )>is lond bilefde (bileeued /3 ; 
byleued 7) a/87. Bileuede] Bylefte 5. he)-] hire B; here 5. vif] 
an fyve S. nanino] namoo 5 ; no mo 0/87. 

867. Ar] Er B ; Are afiy. iweie soster] sustren twey ;S7. ticeie] 
two S. 

868. Hennin] Cunedag aj87S. tvorre] weiTe Ba/875. hire~] with liure 
i87 ; on hir 5. gonne] gan 5. 

869. adde] hadden B ; om. a. 7vomman] wommon B ; winaman a ; a 
•womman 5. ssolde alonde] sehulde B ; scholde of londe a ; of ^at 
londe sehulde ^87 ; of londe scholde 5. 

870. S)'] Bot S. u'a7i] om. Baj875. hii . . . heo] sche was ncxte as 
me myght se S. ner] nere a ; nerre Py. heo] sche ^y. 

87 J. vp] opon a ; vpon S; vppon fiy. 

872. destruede] destruide a. ei]}cr in] eueryche on 5. is] here I3y, 

873. \>at] om. 7. hataile] baile B. 

874. iV] t'^ere B ; And t>arc a ; And \>cv 13; And there yS. 

875. in stronge prison broyte] dude in strong prison B; dude hire in stronge 
prisone o; diden hure in strong prison 187; putte hir in stronge prison 5. 
be kinedom] \>o alle ]>e kyugdome S, 

87G. Delde] Delden Ba^7. two] om. Bafiy. del] part B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 65 

Morgan king of scotlond • as hii dele cou]?e • [38] 

Adde al is lond bi nor]?e • & ]>e o])eY bi sou];e • 
Wi|7inne tuo ter "per after • some to morgan come • 
& vor he of ]?e eldor soster was • bed him nime 

gome • 880 

& sede him it was gi-et despit • }>at were in J^is londe • 
Tueie kinges wanne it ri^t was • ]?at he it adde al an 

honde • 
pis king was entised so • p'at he nom atte last • 
His ost & upe is cosin • bigan to werri vaste • 
& bigan berne & quelle • &l atte laste iwis • 885 

pe o]?er bigan to torne a^en • &5 drof him in to 

walls • 
& j^er hii smite an bataile • in ]>e sou]? half of }>e 

londe • 
& J>ere was morgan aslawe • J>at longe worp> vnder 

stonde • 
pe stude ]>&i he was on slawe • me clupe]? tut Morgan • ^^ appei- 
& eiiere woUe after him • vor he was so worj^e man • 890 de Glan- 

m[or]gau 

^ a rege sco- 

[tie] ibi 
occi[so]. 

877. A»] he /By. 

878. is'\ \>at 'Bafiyd. oJ>er] oJ>er hadde a. bi sojij^e] al by sothe 5. 

879. come'] yede Py. 

880. §•] om. a0y. eldor^ vldere a. bed] & bade a; and bad $y. 
nime gome] take hede fiy ; take gome 5. 

881. him] }>at afiy; that to him 5. \>at] Jjat )jer BaySyS. 

882. Tucie] To y. it] om. B5. ri-yt was] was rijt a ; were ri^t /Sy. 
he'] Ba/SyS ; hii A. it] om. a^y. an honde] on hond B ; on 
honde a/87. 

'383. pis king] pes a. nom] toke fiy. 

884. upe] op on a ; ap on /Sy. werri] werre 187 ; worre 5. 

885. bigan] gan 5. berne] to brenue BySyS. quelle] kille fiy. 

886. fe] That 5. in to] to a^y, 

t?87. )?er] )>e A. smite] smiten a; smyten /37S. «/(] o a; a ySyS. 

888. aslawe] yslawe B ; slayn /8 ; slayne 7. m;o?')>] was Ba)35. 

Q89. stude] stede /375. Jjo^ /ie icas on] }>at he was at B ; J^ere he was 5. 

.slaive] y slawe B ; aslawe a ; slayn ;8 ; slayne 7. clupe\> yut] clepujj 

^et B ; elepej? )ut a ; callej> ^it ^37. 
S90. vor] om. 5. so ivor\>e] so worj^i B; a iov\> a ; a gret ;87. man] 

a man 5. 

35441. " E 



66 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Cunedag was \>o one • & J'at loncl to him nom • 

& nobliche J^re & Jn-itti ^er • huld J?is kinedom • 

pe tweie holi prophetes • were ose & ysaye • 

pulke time in israhel • & dude hor prophecie • 

Romulus & remeus • ]>e tweie bre]7ern iwis • 895 

Bigonne ]?o verst rome • J^at noble cite is • 

Four hondred ter it was • & fourtene also • 

After ]?e bataile of troye • ]?at ]?is was al ido • 

& rome was vif hondred • ]ms imad bifore • 

& ]fre & vifti ler ek • ar god were ibore • 

After ]?is king kunedag • his sone J^at het riual 



900 



Gorgont rex. 

sol. 18 b. King was imad after him • wisman J^oru out al • 
[39j After him gurgust is sone • & suj^J^e anoj^er sicille • 
&; monion su]7]7e afterward • of wan we mote be stiUe 



891. Cunedag'] Cunegag a ; Cunedak7. \>o one'] \>o al one kyng B; \>o 
one king a; \>o one kynge S; J^an one kyng $y. \>at lond] J>e kyn- 
dom B. )>at] om. y. 

892. nobliche] nobleliche a ; wel 5. huld] held B ; helde fiy. )>is] 

893. pe tweie . . . were] po (Thanne ^y) were J^er tweije (two /Sy) pro- 
phetes a^y. 

894. israhel] irael B. 

895. Romulus] Eonulus y. remeus] ramus Ba ; Renus y. i>e] J>eo a ; 
Jjan Py. tweie] twei B ; twei^e a ; two 0y. 

896. noble] a noble 5. 

897. four telle] fourti euene B ; fourtene ^eer (yeere 7) fiy. 

898. Jji's was al] al Jjis was BajSyS. 

899. rome . . . \>us] Rome fyue hundred ^ere was 5. hondred] 
hundred jer (jeer ; yeere 7) BaySy. bifore] by forn 0y. 

900. ar] are a ; er B ; or Py ; ere J^at 5. ivere] was 5. ibore] 
ybom 187. 

901. \>is] Bai87; J^ys S; his A. het] hatte B; hijt fiy. riual] 
Rynal 37 ; Riualle S. 

902. imad] mad B ; ymaked a ; made I3y ; ho ymade S. after hi?n] 
om. 5. wisman] a wys mon B ; a wyanan a ; a wise man 8 a wyse 
man 78. \>oru out al] )?orj out al B ; w' alle 5. 

903, 904 omitted in 0/875. See Appendix, note G. 
904. u-an] wam B. we] om. B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 67 

So ]7at atte laste • gui-guont was kjoig • 905 

Stalwarde man & hardy • & god ]>ori alle )nng • 
Muche J^ing ]?at is eldore • lore p'oru feintise • 
Mid streng]?e he wan su]7pe a^en • & ])ori is quoyntise • 
pe kyng of denemarch ber • eehe ier wij> lawe • 
Truage to engelond • & bigan him to wij^drawe • 910 
pe kyng him porueide • of poer inou • 
& I'ere wi]? in gode ssipes • to denemarche he drou • 
«fe |7en king of denemarch • in bataile slou ■ 
«fe wan l^e truage aien • j^at he at hukl wij^ wou • 
As l^e king gurguont • fram denemarch wende 

a2e • 915 Vnde hy- 

Here toward engelond • he mette in J>e se venenmt^*' 

pritti ssipuol of men • & of wimmen al so • & qwo 

Of children & of oj'er god • J?at hii adde wi]? hom ido • ^'"P*^"^®" 



905. So . . . gurguonf] After belinus (Belins y) daije (dayes fiy) Gurgust 
his sone a^y ; After Belines daye \>\s Gurgust his sone 5. 

906. Stalwarde . . . hard>/'\ Strong & hardi he was afiy. Stahvarde'] 
Stronge 5. god'] wys B ; staleworj^e a ; stalworJ>e 0y ; stalworth 5. 
J>or^] on o ; in ^yS. 

907. J'(W(/] cm. 5. eldore'] huldere a; eldris fiy ; elder had 5. lore 
}poru'] loren J>orw B ; loren raid a ; loren w' S ; lost with fiy. 

908. Mid . . . ayn'] He won Jjoru strangle a^en a ; He waune ayen 
f)urgh strengj^e iSy ; He waune w' strengthe ageyne 5. 3Iid'] poru B. 
ivan] wann B ; was A. J'or^] mid a; with $y. 

909. ber] bar a ; bare ^y. 

910. engelond] >is loude a^y ; Jiys londe 5. bigan him to] gau him i>o 
a ; gan him J>an fiy ; began )?o to 5. 

911. pe] om. afiyS. kjj^ig] kyug Gurguont B ; King (Kynge ^y) 
Gurgust a/Sy ; Kyuge Gurghust 5. of] J?o a ; J^an fiy. 

912. )>ere wi\>] J>er mide a. he] him 0^75. 

913. J?e?;] J^e Ba/87 ; >an J>e 5. slou] he slo) B ; he aslou a; he slouj 
^y ; he slow^ 5. 

914. ]>e truage a^en] axeyn (a^en a/Sy ; ageyne S) J^e truage Bo/875. Ae 
at huld] he held B ; he atheld a ; withhelde 187. icon] Aa ; woy B ; 
wou J ^y. 

915. ^«r^!<o?ii] gurgnout A ; gurgust 0)87; Gurghust 5. 

916. Here] Hider B ; Hedyr 5. mette] ymette a. 

917. ssipuol] schipes fol a; schippis ful y87. icimmen] womnian /3 ; 
woman 7. 

918. cy of] and 5. god] goodes ^y. hii adde] heo hadden B. 

E 2 



68 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king esclite wat hii were • liii "vvere adrad wel sore • 
pe maister vel adoun akne • &j cride him milce & 

ore . 920 

Louerd lie sede we be]? men • wide idriue aboute • 
Fram contreie to contreie • ]>ebi we ne dorre nower 

atroute • 
Of l^e kunde of egipt • vr verste more com • 
Vor ])o ]?e folc of israhel • moyses wip him nom • 
& ladde hom out of egipt • in to l^e liuerede se • 925 
& J'e king adreinte & alle his • J?at hii ne come neuere 

ate • 
[40] Among hom ];at bileuede aliue • strif me mitte ise • 
Woch mest maisters were • & louerdes ssolde be • 
So J?at hii ]?at maisters were • adde wel gret honde • 
To J^e kun |?at we come of • & driue vs out of londe • 930 

919. cschte'] askedeB/87; axede o. adrad'\ adradde a/Sy. wel] fill 
B ; om. a/875. 

920. pe] Here afiy. adoun'] om. 0y. akne] on kne B ; akneo a ; 
aknee P. cride] criede B ; cried fiyS. him] om. Baj875. 
milce] mulce Py ; mercy B ; mereye 5. 

921. Louerd he sede] And seyd lorde 5. wide] wynde ;37. idriue] 
ydryuen 5. 

922. to contreie] to ol^er a^yS. \>at] om. a^y. ne dorre] mown B; 
ne mowe a^y ; maye 5. nower] no war a ; nowhare jS-y ; nowhere S. 
atroute] route B ; a route ajSy ; at rowt 5. 

923. kunde] kulude a ; kyuge/Sy. vr] oure Ba^yS. verste] fiirst a ; 
first /3 ; fyrst y. 

924. he] om. B ; )?at a5. of] om. a. israhel] Irael B. him] a ; 
hym B ; hom A ; hem 3y. 

925. in to] bi Ba; by /3y5. liuerede] reed ;S ; reede y; rede S. 

926. adreinte ^ alle his] & his adreinte a ; & his adreynte was 5 ; & his 
men adreynt /3 ; and hys men ydreynt y. ]f>at hii ne come] J^at he 
ne com B ; ne com hij a ; ne come )>ei fiy ; & come 5. 

927. bileuede] lefde a ; lefte S ; leued yS ; lyued y. aliue] o Hue B ; 
on lyue S. ise] se B. 

928. Woch] "WucheB ; "Whiche a^y. louerdes ssolde] hoo schulde lord 
B ; who scholde loueredes a ; who schulde lordes j8y ; hwo schulde 
lordus S. 

929. So \>at] So a/3y5. iccl] ri;t /3y. honde] onde Ba;3y5. 

930. hun] kyn B ; kynne fiy. \>at] of wham o. driue] droue ;8y; 
(Iryuen 5. vs] hem Bj8y ; ham a ; alle 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G9 

Vor drede J^at hii ne scholde no it • hor maistres be • 
pus hii were idi'iue awey • & uuste wuder te • 

Gorgont rex. 
Hii dude horn vor|> in to ]>e se • & bi moni a londe fol- 19- 

wende • 
So ]7at in to spaine • atte nende horn sende • 
pere hii bileuede & woxe • & alle J^at of horn come • 935 
Vorte now ]?is o|?er day • ^at we ne mi^te nozt be 

isome • 
Vor ]fe kunde vole of J^e lond • adde to horn onde • 
& ]7at we to grete maistres • were • driue us out of 

londe • 
Ojjer half lev we abbe]; now • iAvend wi]? oute reste • 
In J^e grete se of occean • vorto seche oure beste • 940 
pat oure owe lif ous is lo]? • }>at we nuste ware bileue • 
per vore we wolde bidde J?e • ]7at ]70u vs som place teue • 

931. we] om. 5. hor] ^ere hor 5. 

932. hW] we 5. idriue'] driue ;3 ; ydryuen S. 7iuste'\ misten a; 
wistcn not /3 ; wysten nought y ; ne wete 5. wuder te] wyder to tee B ; 
wheoder teo a ; wheder te 5 ; whider to fle )3 ; wheder to fle y. 

933. Hii dude horn] And sette vs 5. dude] duden B ; diden /8 ; dide y. 
in to \>e se] in a schippe 5. bi] om. a ; to /S-y ; into S. a londe] 
o lond a ; londus 5. wende] hi wende a ; )jei went ;8 ; they wente ; 
we haue went 5. 

934. So )>at] Se J'at God B ; So ]'at god a. atte nende horn se7ide] at 
>an ende ham sende a ; at jje ende )>ei sent (sente 7) 0y ; at J^e ende 
god vs sent 5. 

935. hii bileuede] hij bilefte u ; webyleftc o. woxe] wexed ; T/exidy ; 
wox 5. horn] vs 5, 

936. Vorte] Forto Jia^yS. ne mi^te no-^t be] nere nout a; nere 
nou^t fiy ; were noght S. isome] some 0/878. 

937. i>e lond] thys londe 7. adde to horn] vuto vs had 5. horn] 
ows B ; vs a/37. 

938. we . . . were] to grete maistres (maistris 5) we nere a5 ; to gret 
maistres we were ^y. were] nere B. driue] & driue a^y ; ]>ey 
drofe 5. londe] \>e londe B. 

939. abbe]f>] haue y375. iwcnd] y wende a ; yweut B/87. 

940. occeon] occian a0yS. seche] secheu a^y. 

941. owe] om. BaffyS. ous is] ys vs BalSyS. /o)>] ful lothe 5. \>at'] 
& BS. 7iuste] nutej^ a ; wote not ^y ; ne wete 5. bileue] to byleue 5. 

942. wolde] om. 5. biddc] praye I3y. \>at \>ou vs som place] sum 
plas >at )5ou vs a ; somme place J>at )ow vs (ys 7) 0y ; \>&t sum place 
t)0u vs 5. 



70 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat were ampty In )?ine londe • ware )?ou wost bi 

jjenche • 
pat we mi;te biswinke oure mete • & libbe bi oure 

swenche • 
pe kyng horn nolcle granty • no j^ing of is lond • 945 
Ac he sende horn bi god condut • In to yrelond • 
pat al ampty was of men • J?at no mon ne wonede J^ere • 
& ]?is were |?e verste men • ]?at in yrlonde were • 
A )>ousend lev hit was & tuo • |?at ido was al ]?is • 
After |?at folc of israel • of egipt wende iwis • 950 

Seue hondred ^er & nyenty • hit was ek biuore • 
Er J^an oure louerd crist • aner]?e was ibore • 
[41] Hit biuel )7erafterward • suij^e long inou • 

pat out of ]>e lond of seicye • oj^er folc Jjuder drou • 
A^or in to ]>e grete se of occean • a gret compainie • 955 
Of picars wende some time • out of scicie • 



943. were ampty'] amty were B ; ampti were a; ampty were ^y. In 
\)ine'\ on \>\ ajSy ; in )>y 5. tvost] woldest ByS ; woldist )3. bi 
\>enche~\ bihiuche a ; bi):>inke 187 ; bethenke S. 

944. biswinke'] ofswynke B ; tilije a ; tylly &y ; on telye 5. libbe] 
lyue /S-yS. swenche] swinche a ; sw3iike B/SyS. 

945. horn nolde] wolde not hen fiy. yranty] graunte B. is] >is B. 

946. he] om. a^yd. bi god condut] by god condyt B ; mid conduyt a ; 
•with condyd I3y ; by saf condyte 5. In to] fov]> into afiyS. 

947. \>at no mon 7ie] & no mon ne B ; & no man afiy, fore none 5. 
wonede] dwelde 5. 

948. \>is] \>ese B ; thise 7 ; J^use S. 

949. A] o a. );>onsend] })0usant B. hit was §- tuo] and two hyt 
was y. 

950. israel] irael A ; irsrael B. of] owte of 5. 

951. Seue] Fyf B ; Vif a ; Fyue /85; Fiue 7. biuoi-e] by forne ^37. 

952. Er \>an] Arc a ; Or ^y ; Ore S. crist] Jhesu cryst B ; ihu crist 
a^y ; ffiu criste 5. aner)?e] on ert>c 0)87. was ibore] were ybore a ; 
■were yborne ^7. 

953. \>erafterivard] swythe afterwarde S. su'i)>c] rijt ^y ; ryght 5. 

954. \>at] om. Ba/375. seicye] scitic B ; sicije a ; Cisije 187 ; Sacie 5. 
\>uder] J>ider B|3 ; l>reder a ; there 7. 

955. tjrete] om. 0^78. occean] occian 0^7. a] o a^y. 

956. picars] picardes a ; Bicardis/SS ; Tycardes 7 (and passim). scicie] 
scisle B ; sicije a^y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 71 

Fram londe to londe • wide hii gonne wende • 

So l^at hii come attelaste • to yrlondes nor)? ende • 

Aien J'at folc of scotlond • & ];at folc ]?at hii founde 

J'ere • 
Of ]?is eldore kunde • scottes ickiped were • 960 

pe picars bede j^e scottes • an ende of hor londe • 
To tiue horn to libbe by • bi suench of hor honde • 
pe scottes sede ]>Sit ]>ei lond • no^t inou be • 
To horn boj'e to libbe by • as hii mitte ise • 

Gorgont rex. 

Ac ]?at hii mi^te ofte ise • in cler weder J^ere • 965 fo^- 19 ^• 
Estward as |?e sonne aros • a lond as it were • 
Murie & vair hit j^otte inou • & }>at hii |?uder wende • 
To wonie & to libbe J'er • &l J^at hii horn word sende • 
■^if enimon horn destourbede • & J'at hii wolde hii sede • 
Wardi horn fram alle men • J'at horn ne tidde no 
drede • 970 



957. hill he B. 

958. -So J>a<] & a0 ; om. y ; So 5. hii come attelaste] atte laste heo 
(>ei P) come ByS ; at ^e laste hij a ; Atte they come y ; at last bey 
come S. 

959. A^en'] Ajenst 5. ]yat] \>eBS. folc] lond Ba ; londe /S-yS. 
pat folc] i>o folc B. \>at] om. ayS. founde] fondeu B. 

960. eldore] vidure a. scottes] >at Scottes a^y; Jjat Scottys 5. 
icluped] yclepud B5 ; yclepede a ; callid 0y. 

961. bede] prayed /S ; preyd y. an] on aS ; one ^y. hor] har 8. 

962. to] forto B ; for a. libbe] lyb 5 ; lyue I3y. by] ynne 5. hi 
suencli] bi swinch a ; with swynk B ; by swynke /S. 

962-964. bi suench .... libbe by] om y. 

963. sede] seide B; seiden a; saide /8 ; said y. pet] })ilk 5 ; om. a^y. 
no'^yt] nolde not B ; nolde noujt a; wolde noujt fi; wolde noght 5. 

964. horn bope] hem alle S. libbe] lyiie BySy. ise] pev yseo a ; J>ere 
yse jSy ; hit see 5. 

966. a lond as it] ase hit o lond a ; as hit a londe /SyS. 

967. Murie] Murine a. po-^tc] seme)? /Sy. 

968. libbe] lyue B/35 ; leue y. horn tvord] worde fiy. 

969. ^{/'em'wion] If ony man 5. destourbede] gveu&^Q 'Q. Sf pat hii 
wolde hii] J)ey wolde as pay hem S. 

970. Wardi] Warde B/87. horn] om. S. alle] al oi^ere S. horn 
ne tidde no] hem bi tidde no B ; J>ei hem dide no ^y ; hem dorst 
nothynge 5. 



Vnde scoti 
originem 



72 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pis picars horn wende euere vor]? • estward euere vaste ► 
To J?e norJ?ende of engelonde • hii come attelaste • 
pulke ende hii founde al bar • hii bileuede J^ere • 
& swonke &; tylede hor liflode • & al maistres were • 
Hii founde horn sustenance inou • & liuede jpus vor]? • 975- 
pe britons in ]>e sou}>half • & hii In ]>e norJ> • 
[42] pe picars founde ese inou • & defaute none • 
To libbe in plente inou • bote of wimmen one • 
duxerunt. Vor J>er nere none among horn • ]?eruore Into yrlonde ' 
Hii wende to scottes |?at ]?er were • J>at hii hom ssokle 

vnder stonde • 980 

& lene hom wimmen ];at hii miite • hor ospring eche 

so • 
Vor ];ing |7at wone]? & nojnng wex]? • sone it wor]; ido - 
Scottes hom sende wimmen • In l^is fourme ]>ere • 
pat wan a chikl were ibore • & me in doute were - 



971. pis picars^ peos picardes « ; Thise PicardesyS; These Pjcardes 7-, 
hom'] J^enne B ; om. aySy. e^lere'\ om. BafiyS (after tcende). 

972. come'] comen Ba. 

973. \>ulke] pat B ; pat rlke o ; That ilke jSy. founde] fonden B. 
hii bileuede] and )>ej beleuyd 5. 

974. %•] Hij a ; Thei ^y. tylede] telede a ; tilled )3 ; tyllede y. 
hor] om. oS ; hure j8 ; here y. 

975. founde] fonden B. liuede] lyueden Ba^y. 

976. pe] pis a; Thise & ; These 7. i>e] i>o B. hii] >e picardes a^y. 

977. pe] om. B5 ; pis o; Thise ^ ; These 7. founde] fonden Bj 
founden afiy. defaute] defa'wtes 5. 

978. libbe in] libben in a ; lyuen with fiy. 

979. i>er nere none] none J'er nere a ; none l^er were Py. nere] were 5. 
Into] to Baj375. 

980. wende] sende Bo5 ; sent J87. to] om. 5. hii] om. 5. hom 
ssolde] schulde hem B5. 

981. ospring] ofpriug B; of sprench a; ofspiynge j3 ; ossjjringe 7. 
eche] eke 187. 

982. u-one)>] AB ; wane> o/SyS. noting] nou^t 0^37. wex]>] wext o • 
•wexc>> B3 ; wexith 7. sone it wor\>] sone it ys B ; hit worj? sone a ; 
hit wor)>e soone (87. 

984. a] a^y. ibore] yborn fiy. ^- me] & hi a ; & hei /Sy ; >at 

me S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 73 

Wo were ])g fader ]?at it ssolde • name & eritage • 985 
BoJ'e abbe in |?e moder half • vor drede of outrage • 
Leste it heode out of kunde • J>ori child mis bi tite • 
Vor me mai bet so|>nesse of ]?e moder • j^an of }?e 

fader iwite • 
In l^is manere picars • mid scottes mengd hor blod • 
So J?at it si\yede ]?e wimmen • wanne me out vnder 

stod . 990 

& wanne man wiJ?oute eir of him sulue • to de]>e were 

ibrott • 
His moder kun was is eir • & is fader riit noit • 
& vor, J>e modres scottes were • so vor]; it is icome • 
pat )7e scottes name is al aboue • & ]>e picars bi nome • 
pus scottes among picars • come out of yrlonde • 995 
& ];at lond me clupede • after hom scotlonde • 

Gorgont rex. Lud rex. foi- 20. 

Vrlonde is aire yle best • wij'oute engelonde • [-^3] 

pe se firel? al aboute him ek • as ich vnder stonde • 9*^™"!^°" 

^ ^ ^ dacio hy- 

bernie. 



985. Wo'] Whoso &y. ^at] om. a/8y. it] me B5. 

986. Bo\>e abbe] Nou^t haue 0y. 

987. Leste] Laste Ba. heode] jcode B; ede a; ^ede PyS. mis 
bi ^ite] mys bi gete B ; mis bi^ete a/37. 

988. bet] om. a$y. iwite] wyte B ; betwitea ; better wyte (wete 7) &y. 

989. mengd] mongde a; menged /3 ; meiigyd 7; myngen B. 

990. it siwede] hij sewede a ; }>ei sewed ^y. out] o-yt B ; oujt a&y. 
vnder stod] mysvnderstod B ; mis vnderstod a ; mys vnderstode &y ; 
mysse vnderstode 5. 

991. ?«aM] a man 5 ; men 37. wj>oM<e] -vrithouten Ba/3. s?</i<e] om. B. 
ibro-yt] brou^t 5. 

992. fader] fader kunBa ; fader kynne ^yh. 

993. \>c modres scottes were] scottes were J^e moderes a/87. so] om. a;87. 
ico7ne] bicome B. 

994. pat \>e] pat B5. K] om. B. bi name] al bi uome B. 

995. pus] Thilke Py. come] comen a^y. 

996. tV] Al 0^37. clupede] clepuj> B ; clepede seM^e a ; clepe^e sethe 5 ; 
callid si>e fiy. hotn] hem sej^^e B. 

997. aire] aler B; albcr 0y. aire yle best] on He w' ]>e best 5. 
tvi];>oute] wi}>outen a/37. 

998. ge);>] Aa ; got> B/37 ; gothe 5. al aboute him] al abouten hym B ; 
him aboute 0/87 ; hit abowte 5. 



74 THE CHRONICLE OF 

More he is j?an engelond • & in ]?e souJ?half he is • 
Braddore & more of inou • panne in |?e nor}>hal 

iwis . 1000 

Aien ]>e lond of spaine he stont • in ]?e norJ> side ritt • 
Selde snow |?er inne li|? • & nameliche j^re niit • 
So euene hot Jjat lond is • ];at men dorre selde • 
Hor orf in house a winter bringe • out of J»e welde • 
Lese last j^er alle winter • bote more wonder be • 1005 
Selde me ssal in lf>e lond • eny foul worm ise • 
Vor neddren ne oj^er wormes • ne dorre )7er be no^t • 
Ac tif hii hep f'uder bicas • fram oj^er londe ibrott • 
Hii deiep* }?oru smul of ]>e lond • o]?er ]?ori torch inge 

iwis • 
Ech gras J>at ]?erinne wex]? • a^en venim is • 1010 

Vor men |?at bej> enuenimed • ]?oru graces of ]>e londe • 
Idronke hii bej> iclansed • sone }>oru godes sonde • 



999. he is'] ek o ; eke Py ; it ys 5. ^] om. aySy. he] hit a/S-yS. 

1000. Braddore] Bradder ByS. more of inou] much more 5. nor\>- 
half] nor> ende Bal3y ; northe ends 5. 

1001. Ayen] Aje S. he] hit afiyS. stont] stond Ba ; stondej5 fiy. 
nor]> side] nor}> ende afiy. 

1003. hot] om y. dorre] durre B ; J^orfe a; see\> Py. selde] ful 
selde S. 

1004. Hor] om. a^y. m] to a$y. a] in al3y. hrinye] bringen 
a^y. welde] felde BayS^S. 

1005. Lese lasf] Lese lastej? B; Hare lese lastej? a ; Here leese lastij? yS-y; 
Hor leseo lasteth 5. alle winter] al \>q wynter B ; euere a5 ; euer ^y. 
bote more wonder] bate hyt ]>o more wonder B ; bote t>e more winter o ; 
but Jje more wynter fiy ; bot if he harder wynter 5. 

1006. )>e] ]>aX 5. worm ise] wormes se B. 

1007. neddren] nedres B ; naddrena; addrenyS^; addres S. ne dorre 
\>er] t'ere J'ey mow 5. dorre] mow B ; mowe a^y. 

1008. Ac yf] And ^ef B ; & jif hat a ; And yd fiy ; And if S. hii 6e> 
}t>uder] \>ere be eny 5. ie)?] ben y. fram] of ajS-y ; owte of S. 
londe] londes B. 

1009. deic\>] deyen ^y. smul] smel B ; ^e smul a ; ^esmelle Py. )>e] 
|5at a. oy>c?'] or /3"y. torchinye] towchyng By ; touchinge a/S. 

1010. wcr))] wexeh Bj8 ; wexta; wexith 7. venim] vemyn /8. is] 
yt ys B ; hit is afiyS. 

1011. me7i] h (for hij) a; hei jSyS. /m'^] ben BySy. enuenimed] 
venymed BySy ; y veuymed 5. yraccs] grases Ba ; grasses fiy. i>e 
londe] yrlond B. 

1012. hii] he B ; Jjat Py. be\> iclansed] ben clansyd /S-y. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 75 

Hony & mile ]>er is muche • Muclie folc & bold • 
pis is j^e stat of yrlonde • as ich abbe itold • 
After kyng gurguont • kinges monion • 1015 

per were here in engelond • me ne may noit telle echon- 
Aboute ane four hondred ler • after him ]7er com • 
A kyng j^at was kid ickiped • J'at wel huld |)is kinedom • 
Grete tounes in engelond • he amendede inou • [44] 

& londone aller mest • vor j^er is herte mest drou • 1020 
& folc he het of |?e tonne • so noble bold arere • 
pat in al engelond • so noble cite ]?ere • 
Walles he let make al aboute • & ^ates vp & doim • 
&; after lud ]?at was is name • he clupede it ludes toun • 
pe hexte late of ]>e toun • }>at ^ut stont ]?ere & is • 1025 
He let hit clupie ludegate • after is owe name iwis • 
He let him J70 he was ded • burie at ];ulke tate • 
per vore int after him • me clupe]? it lodegate • 

1013. Muche'] mony B. 

1014. abbe itold] habbe nou told a; haue ^ow tolde $y. 

1015-1018 omitted iu afiyS. See Appendix, note H. 

1015. qurguo7it] gurguout A. 

1016. we] cm. B. 

1017. ane] a B. 

1018. huld] hult B. \>is] H B. 

1019. in] on o. he] lud a^y. 

1020. Sf] & hat a ; And at ^y. aller mest] aller most B ; aire mest a ; 
al^cr mest ^y^. vor] om. afiy^. ))er] \>ev to Ba/SyS. herte] 
hurte a ; hert jS^S. mest] om. Ba;875. 

1021. §•] pat Ba)375. hef] bad fiy. noble] good 5. bold] 
booldes 5 ; holde &y. arcre] J>er rere Ba/Sy ; }>ere arere 5. 

1022. Vat] So hat afiy; That ^at 5. cite] a cjte 5. )pere] nere B5 ; 
t>er nere a ; no nere ^y. 

1023. Walles he let] He let walles a; He lete wallis ^y ; He Icte wallys 5. 
make] makije a. al] om. Ba^75. 

1024. clupede] clepude B ; callid /Sy. ludes]\\xA\\^a^y. See Appendix, 
note I. 

1025. Ve] pat ayZ. hexte] hy^est /3 ; hygesth y. yate] ^at a. 
)>at] \>a, B. stont )>ere] stond l^ere B ; stout J^er a; \>eY stonte jS^. 
\>ere §• is] & J^ere ys 5. 

1026. hit] om. 5. chipic] elope B ; calle fiy^. ludegate] ludes gate 
'Bafiy. owe] om. ay875. 

1027, 1028 transposed in a^y^. 

1027. \>o] when ySy. burie] burije him a ; bury him fiy. at \>ulke 
late] Jjcr ate a ; her atte &y ; at J>ylk same jate 5. 

1028. clupe^] callij? 0y. lodegate] ludes gate a; lud gate Py. 



76 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Cassibel rex. 
fol. 20 b. pe toun me clupe]? ludestoun • ]?at is wide cou]; • 

& now me clupe]? it londone • |7at is littore in j^e 

mouj? . 1030 

& niwe troye hit het er • & nou it is so ago • 
pat londone it is now icluped • & wor]? euere mo • 
Xj^ngelond a]^ ibe • mid streng]?e iwonne ilome • 

& verst as ich telle can • ]?oru J^e emperors of 

rome • 
After king lud ]7er was king • his bro|?er cassibel • 1035 
pat noble prince was inou • & |?at lond gouerned wel • 
luly ]>Q emperour of rome • bi his daye com • 
& muchedel of ]?e world bi este • to is poer nom • 
So |?at he drou him westward • k; worrede in mony 

londe • 
& wan lond after o]>qx • him ne mi^te non at 

stonde • 1040 

po he adde iwonne france • }?e se he wende nei • 
& bihuld west & somdel • of engelond isey • 



1029. clupe\>'] clepede a ; clepud 5 ; callid /Sy. 

1030. dupe])'] callyth y. is li-^tore'] lijtore is a ; Hotter is j3 ; lyghter ys y. 

1031, 1032 omitted in afiy. 

1031. ^ null'] ac J^us B ; ac nowte 5. so'] om. B ; \>\xs S, 

1032. it] he B. now] om. 5. wor\>] scbal 5. 

1033. a]> ibe] haue)> ibeo o ; lia)> ben )3 ; hath be y. Home] lome fiy^. 

1034. <^] om. S. ich] ich eu a; I jow fiy. can] maye 5. be] 
om. ajSyS. 

1035. \>eT] her a ; here fiy; om. 5. 

1036. Vut noble prince was] A noble prince he was 5. ^at] \>\s &yS. 
gouerned] gouernede B ; wardede a ; wardid ^y. 

1037. luhj] luUus a^y. daye] day B. ; dawe aySy. 

1038. muchedel] muche a^yS. 

1039. So \>at] SehJ>e B. zvorrede] werrede Ba ; werred I3y. mony] 
mani^e a. 

1040 wan] won a; wonne ^y. after] & a/ByS. him . . . at stonde] 

}>at non ne mi^te at stonde a ; ))at none my^t him M'ithstonde fiy; and 
J>at none my^t astonde 5. 

1041. iwonne] wonne y. 

1042. bihuld] biheld a ; bihelde Py. west ^] westward and B; west- 
ward ayS ; westwarde 0. isey] he sey a ; he sije fi ; he sygh y ; Jjo 
he syghe 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. // 

He eschte at men wat lond it were • & wat folc [45] 

];erinne was • 
Me sede him }mt it was brutaine • no betere lond nas • 
& ];at I'e folc was of troye • & of brut icome • 1045 
panne be]? hii qua]? ]?e emperour • of ]>e kunde of rome • 
Vor after ]?e bataile of troye • ])e nobleman eneas • 
To lombardie com ]?at nou is rome • & vre ferste fader 

was • 
& brut also com of him • ]?at his fader slow • 
& ]?eruore was ]7enene idriue • & to }?ulke lond 

drou . 1050 

panne be we of one kunde • ac bote ich ]?erto lie • 
Aien kunde hii be]? a^en vs • & of chiualerie • 
Vor ]?erof ne mowe hii conne no^t • Inot hou hii mitte • 
To be bi horn sulue in an heme • as }?erof wij? oute 

si^te • 
Vor no^t we ssoUe hom ouereome • ac naj^eles as ]?e 

hende • 1055 

We ssoUe hom warni of oure }?o^t • ar we ]?anne wende • 

1043. He'] And afiyS. eschte] askede B ; axede a ; askide ^8 ; askyd ay ; 
asked 5. at men] om. lia^yS. 

1044. him )?at] om. a^y. 710] ne B ; none ^y. 

1045. \>e] om. a^yS. was of troye] was of )>e kjTide of troie B ; was of 
troi^e kunde o ; was of Troie kynde ^y ; of Troyes kynde was S. 
hrut] Jje brut B. icome] come o.^y'^. 

1048. lombardie] itaile 0/87 ; ytayle 5. com .... rome] >er nou is 
rome com a0y; Jjere Rome ys now he come 5. i>at nou is rome] 
om. B. Sj- vre ferste] J>at hare furste o ; >.at here first ^y ; and 
her first 5. 

1049. \>at] Jjat seh>e Ba ; j^at sithe fiy ; J>at sethe S. slow] asiou o. 

1050. )?enene] J^enne B; he Jianne o; he }>ens fiy ; he )>ennys 5. idriue] 
ydi-yuen 5. to \>ulke] J^at 5. 

1051. be ive] we bet> B ; ben we ^y. ac bote ich] and but I &y. lie] 
ly>e y. 

1052. Ayeji"] Ajenst aPy. hii be\>] were aySy; bc> hey 5. a-ten] 
a^ens /3 ; ayeust y. Sj- of] as of B ; as in afiyd. 

1053, 1054 omitted in oySy. See Appendix, note K. 

1053. Vor . . , 7Wi,f] Chyualrye conne J>cy noght 5. cojuie] konne B ; 
come A. hii . . .. hii] heo . . . he B. 

1054. To be] om. 5. hom sidue] hem self B. 

1055. Vor no-J] Ri^tsone^S^. ssoUe] schullej) B. ac] but;87; om. 5. 

1056. ssolle] schul B ; schulle a. hom tcarni] hem warne B • warne 
hem $y. ar] er B. {>a?!we] to hem ByS^J ; to ham a. 



78 THE CHEONICLE OF 

[46] pe emperours messagers • to engelonde come • 

pat pe king abude is herte • to pe noble stude of rome • 

As alle oj^ere kinges dude • & is noble seruage • 

Dude to]?e heye emperoiu- • & sende him is truage • 1060 

Cassibel rex. Iuli[us] imperator p[ri]m[ws] 
pevquisitor Anglie. 
fol. 21. & his lond huld of him • & dude him omage • 
Laste \e heie emperour • vor is outrage • 
Come & destruede al is lond • & tut ]7at worse were • 
pe blod schedde of is owe kunde • & defoulede so J^ere • 
& pe olde heinesse of priamus • worrede so • 1065 

Of was kunde hii come echone • & ]?at were him lo]? 

to do • 
Vor J^er ne scholde in al J'e world • no lond be uer 

bore • 
pis was euene sixti ^er • ar god were ibore • 
pe kyng sende ]?is word a^en • po he hurde ]?is tij^inge • 
Cassibel king of brutaine • to luly send gretinge • 1070 



1057. pe] pis afiyd. messagers'] messingeres B ; Messangers y. 
engelonde'] )>ys londe 5. come] hire comeB; her come a ; here come 
^y ; hedyr come 5. 

1058. pat] And bad ^y. abude] abowe B; buy^de a- bowe ^y. 

1059. As] And B. o)pere] \>e o>ere a. ^ is noble] and ys ry^t B ; & 
his ri)te a ; as his ry^t ^y ; and his ryght 5. 

1060. heye] om. ^y. 

1061. huld] hulde a; helde ^y. 

1062. Laste] Lest /8-y. outrage] gret outrage ^y. 

1063. destruede] destruye B ; destruide a; destruc /Sy. al] om. afiy^. 
\>at] Jje S. 

1064. pe], & 0/87 ; om. 5. defoulede] defoule yt B. so )>ere] >e so 
here a5 ; \>ee so here fiy. 

1065. heinesse] hei^enessea; heuynesse 5. ivorrede] werrede B ; )>anne 
worrede afiy ; J)an worred 5. 

1066. was] whas a ; whos jSyS. hii] ^e a^yS. were] was a^yd. 
lo\>] om. y. 

1067. ne] om. B. \>e] J^o B. uer bore] forbore Ba5; be forborne /Sy. 

1068. ar] er B;3 ; or y. god] \>3X god 5. were ibore] was yborne fiy ; 
was bore 5. 

1069. sende] sent /Sy. )>is] om. afiy. word] Ba ; wor A ; worde 
^375. \>o he hurde] anon for B. 

1070. hing] J'e kynge S. send] sende)> B ; sent fiy. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 79 

Wonder it is sire emperour • of ]?i noble gentrise • 

pat is so noble aner|?e iwolt • wi]? so vil coiieitise • 

pat worles nobleye as so muclie • alle manne mest • 

& vor coueitise art icome • so ver fram J^en est • 

To wilny oure lute god • p'at god vs wolde sende • 1075 

pat hep here bi vs sulue • at \>q worles ende • 

& ]7at |?ou nart one ipaid • vr tresour to nime at ene • [47} 

Bote ]70u ];erafter vs binime • vr franchise al clene • 

To bringe us so fre as we hep • In to so gret seruage • 

pat we here pe &5 |?ine • eueremo truage • 1080 

Gret vilte J?ou askest ous • wanne we of one kunde • 

Bep icome te &i we as )?ou ast ]?i sulf in munde • 

panne att it be inou • wanne we be]> of one blode • 

Loue & frendssipe to aski us • ^if l?ou pe wel vnderstode • 

1071. o/h] MB; J>at H 0/37. 

1072. is'] art (87, noble'] fol a; ful ;37 ; fulle 5. aner\>e iwolt] 
& eke y fuld B ; on eij'e ifuld a ; of erj^e yfild fiy; ou erthe yfulled 5. 
vil] fyl B ; foul 5. 

1073. worles] wordes B ; worldes a^y; worldys 5. as] hast Baj875. 
muche] meche 5. alle manne] of eclie men B ; of ech manne a; of 
eche man fiy ; of ony man 5. 

1074. ^] pat B. ^' vor .... icome] pat J^ou ert (art ^378) come for 
coueityse (couetise 5) a/875. fram] fro B. \>en] )>eB|375; 
Jjan a. 

1075. ivilny] Aa; wilne B ; wylue S; couet y3 ; coneit 7. lute] Intel 
Ba ; litel yS ; lytel 75. 

1076. be\>] ben 7. vs sulue] vs sulf a ; oure self B/37. at] as at 
B ; al bi a^y ; al by 5. icorles] worldes Ba;87. 

1077. \>at] ova. B5. nart one] nart nout a ; art not ^y ; art nought 
only 5. ipaid] apaiede /37 ; apayde 5; ypayed B; ypayt a. 
vr tresour to nime] to nime tresor o; to take tresour fiy ; to take 
tresoure 5. at ene] at eueoe ^y. 

1078. vs] woldest vs 5. al] om. 5. 

1079. so fre as we be\>] \>aX beth so fre 5. bc\>] ben 7. so gret'] fyl 
B ; so vil a ; vile ^y ; so bonde 5. 

1080. eueremo] euermore B;37 ; euere more a ; for eueremore 5. 

1081. vilte] wrong B; wrongeS; vileny 187. askest ous] woldest don 
vs B. wanne] wen B. loe] om. afiy; I'at 5. 

1082. Be]> . . . we] ^e and we bethe of icome 5. Be\>] We bej? B; 
te bu)> a; pat ben 187. icome] come 0y. 

1083. ayt] ayte B ; aute a. be inou] ynou to beo a ; ynou) to be fiy ; 
ynow to be 5. wanne we be]>] sithe we ben fiy. 

1084. to aski] aske Bfiy ; aski o. Jjom] om. 7. t^e] om. 5. weT] 
om. a/37. 



fol. 21 b. 



80 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pei J'ou ne askedest ]>er vppe • Jralhede euere mo • 1085 
Siker |>ou be we ne coime no^t • of ]?ralhede ne of wo • 
So muche we abbe]? euere ibe • in franchise tut her to • 
pat ]?ei vr owe god vs wolde • in ]?ralhede do • 
Fondi we wolde a^en hom • vor oure franchise wi]>- 

stonde • 
pei ]?ou }?er vore sire emperour • gret poer abbe an 

honde • 1090 

Cassihel rex. 

Wite to sdpe J^at we wulle]? • vor oure franchise fitte • 
& vor oure lond ra)?er J^an we • lese it wi]? vnriite • 
pis was ek four hondred ter • & four score & J^rittene • 
After ]7at ]7e boru of rome • verst was bigonne ich wene • 
po J?e emperour hurde J>is • to schipes he wende 
vaste . 1095 

& al is poer vorj? wi|? him • & hor seiles vp caste • 



1085. pei] Thaw B; Tliou) &y; They S. askedesf] asked 0y. \>er 
vppe'] Jier vppon I3y ; i>er vpon 5. ]f>ralhede] J>ralschipe a ; Jjralscheep 
fi ; thralschyppe y ; J^ralschj'pe 5. 

1086. Siker ])0u be] Sikerliche B. })0w] \>e a ; \>ee Py ; om. 5. be we 
conne noyt] we be nou^t ycome 5. 

1087. So muche] In so meche 5. abbe)?] han ;8; haue yS. ibe] be 
)8 ; ben y. her to] hider to afiy ; hedir to 5. 

1088. vr owe god vs] oure owne godes B; oure godes a; oure goodes jSy; 
oure goddys S. wolde] wolde haue ^y. in] & in fiy. \>ralhede] 
thraldam 5. do] vs do Ba^SyS. 

1089. Fondi we wolde] Fonde we wolde B ; We wolde fondi a ; We woUe 
fondy fiy ; We wolde fondye 8. ayen hom] a^eyn hem B ; a^en ham o ; 
aiens hem /8 ; ayenst hym y ; hem a^eyne S. vor] om. B. wi]}- 
sto7ide] to stonde afi ; to w' stonde S. 

1090. J>er vore] \>eT /3 ; om. y. an honde] on honde Ba^y. 

1091. Wite to so]>e \>at] Wite \>e wel a ; Wite I'ou wele fiy ; Wete bou ry)t 
wel S. wulle])] wollej' Ba ; woUe fiy. 

1092. we lese it] we lesed B ; luse hit a ; hit lose Py. we] om. 5. 

1093. four] fif a; fyuo fiyS. ^ four] foure 5. \>rittc7ie] Jrottene B ; 
Jrettene a^y. 

1094. ]>at] om. a^yS. boru] Cyte 5. rome] Home was aySyS. verst 
was bigonne] first was mad B; furst imad a; first made fiy ; first 
ymade 5. 

1095. hurde] herde B; ihurde a; hardo ^y. to schipes he tvende] he 
wende to schipe o ; he went to schippe 0y. schipes] schyppe 5. 

1096. hor] om. B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 81 

Hii entree! In at temese mou}> • «fc j^ere liii gonne 

ariiie • 
po cassibel hiirdo ];is ho tarkede him wel bliue • 
po adde king hid is broj^er « ionge sones tueie • 
Andi-oge & tennant • ];at to tonge were beie • 1100 
po lai^e fader deide • to holde j^e kinedom • [48] 

per vore cassibel • ]mt lend to him nom • 
Ac ])o nolde cassibel • }»at hii ssolde allinge faile • 
Tennant J?e ^ongore • he made erl of cornwaile • 
& androge erl of kent • & let him londone }>er to • 1105 
Beie hii were noble men • |:'o J^is dede was ido • 
pe king adde ek an broj^er • nenni was is name • 
Stalwarl^e knitt Sz- hardi • & mon of grete fame • 
pe kinges chef consolers • p'os ]7re were of ]ns ]nnge • 
Alle hii come to kaunter])nr3'' • atte biginninge • 1110 
pere ])e king & is poor • such consoil to gadere nome • 
To kepe ]>e emperours folc • ar hii to ver in come • 
Vor ^if hii adde o J'ing • iwonne • of castel o}>er of toune • 
Wel ]>Q worse it wolde be • to bringe hom ]?or doune • 



1097. //»•] )?ei B. tenwsc] (emse B. 

1098. hurde'] hcrcle B ; ihurcle a ; haide /By. yarkecle} araycl 5. wel 
hliue'] bi Ij'ue B; rlU blyiie j3 ; right blythe y; ful bljue 5. 

1099. Jr^o] Now BS ; Nou a ; Nowe ^y. Bones'] sone j8 (corrected to 
sones) 7. tue>.e'\ twei B ; twey^e a; two fiy; tweyne 5. 

1100. to] \>o B. heie] bei^e a; \>o 0y; beyue 5. 

1101. yare] here BPy; hare a ; her 5. 

1102. cassibel] l>ev to cassibel B; to him Cassibel a/87; J^ere to him Cassibel 
S. \>at] al pat B ^875. to him] om. B)37S; \>o a. 

1103. nolde] uolde not B; nolde nout a; wolde not (87; wolde uo^t S. 
allinge] allyng B ; alj^ynge 5. 

1104. yongore] ^onger Bi37. 

1105. Yf] xaf Ba;37. 

1106. Beie] Bo)>e B&yB. ido] do fiy. 

1107. ail'] a B 0/378. ncuni] ueuny B ; nenni ctS ; Nemni /3 ; Neuimi 
75 ; nemi A. 

1108. Stalivar\>c] Strong B. hnixt .S] man & a5; & man fiy. 

1110. alte] at he a; atte he ^y. 

1111. to gadere] to gedyr 7. 

1113. o \>i7ig iiconne] eny hing j-wonne B; out ywomie a; ou)t wonne 
^y ; owjt ywonne 7. u\>er] or B/37. 

1114. be] haue be 5. to] for to 5. \>er] om. 5. 

F 



82 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king wende toward ])e se • mid vair ost inou • 1115 
& as ])e emperour adde ipitt • his pauilons he drou • 
po hii adde iordeined • hor ost in ei];er side • 
pe bataile hii smite strong • inou • p'at cou]> was wel 

wide • 
Mid arwen & mid quarels • so muche folc verst me slou • 
And Hi\])])e mid speres smite adoun • ];at deol it was 

inou. "" 1120 

po hii were ]wru out imengd • mid suerd & mid mace • 
Mid ax & mid anlas • so muche folc in j^e place • 

Cassihel rex. 



fol. 22. 



[A'Jl Me slou ];at al ]>e er]'e aboute • stod as in flode • 
Ar |?e bataile were ido • al of rede blodc • 
Nenny |:'e kinges bro]?er • & ]?e erl of kent al so • 1125 
Mid al ]5e poer of kent • Sz mid londrcis |>er to • 
Abated hom to ]>ulke ost • J^at ]>e emperor Inne was • 
So j^at nenny isey • |>e emperour bicas • 



111.'), pe"] po V). ircndc'] wente 13. mid iHiir~\ & fail' a; w' a fayre 5. 

1110. r/s] where ySy. ipiyf] pi^t ;8 ; ypyglit 7. piniildiis'] pauelon 

15 ; paiiilou a ; paiiylou /SyS. 

1117. iordeincd'\ ordeyned /Sy. /?/,] on a/SyS. 

1118. ]>({] \>o'Q. smite'] smyton B ; smiten a ; smytten 0. ivel] fiil 
B ; r\x\ I3y. 

1119. cirwcti] areM'en 0/87; arowes 5. rci'st vie] me furst a ; men 
first (87 ; me first S. 

1120. su]}\>e] ?ythen 7. smilt:] smyton B; smiten a; sniotyn Py; 
smoten S. dco/] diil a ; doile ; doylle 7. /7] om. B. 

1121. J-""**] So 5. ]y(iru'out] hrowte 5. imengd] meng^d Py; 
ymeng3'd 5. siicrd] svverdes B. iV] & eke 5. 

1122. a.r] axes a/37. (mlas] anles B. ]h'] )'at B. 
l\23.Jlodc] a flode 5. 

1 124. Ar] Kr B ; Are a ; Or ^37 ; Ore 5. ],e] hat 5. al cf] al fol 

of o ; ful of 0y ; alle on 8. 
112.'). Nenny] Ncmni Py. 

1126. \n;] liere V,Py ; hare a. londrcis] (.e londreis B ; Londonnys 5. 

1 127. Ahitted] Awatede B. Aha ted . . . ost] To )>nlke ost ham abatcdc 
a ; To ))ilke ost hem abated Py ; To l-ilk oste hem abatyd S. 

1128. Su] po a ; When ySy. nniny] iiennyn B; Nemni 187. isey] 
cm. B ; sawe Py ; J^er sawe 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 83 

Anon he willedo in is licrtc • wi\) a so hei man to fizte • 
He asailede him & drou is snerd • & smot mid al is 

mi^te. 1130 

Ac ]>o emperour mid is suerd • J^en stroc hente inon • 
& adrou is suerd an hei • & to groundc harde slou • 
& smot nenny j^oru ]^e liuhn • somdel toward ]>c l)raine • 
& su]^|;e toward Jndkc stude • he smot mid more maine • 
To al^be icioiie him al ]'at hened • ac nenniii is sseld 

nom • 1135 

& dude bituene j^at ):'C sti'oc • so dep ]?er inne ne com • 
pat ]>e emperour ne mi^te it • out drawe mid al is 

mayn • 
Nennyn caste is owe swerd • awei anon wel vain • 
& nom j^at suerd to him • ]?at so noble was & riche • 
Vor J^er nas in al j^e world • suerd him iliche • 1140 
Vor J^er non wi}' him iwonded • ]:'at euere keueri mi^te • 
per vore it was rede de]:» • icluped & mid ri^te • 



1129. Ajion . . . hertc'] He wilnede on his hcrte anon a; He wilnycl in 
his herte anone ^87 ; He wylned in his hert anone S. is'] om. B. ivi\> 
a so hei] with so hey B ; mid Jjulke a ; -with Jjilke ^y ; w' J^ylk S. 

1131. suerd] scheld B ; schelde a;875. \>cn] ho B; l^aue a ; l-at ^^S. 
~ hente] heut 1875. inou] ynoutt /3 ; ynought 7. 

1132. adrou] drow B; he drou a; he drou^ 187 ; droii) 5. uv hei] 
a hj-e 7. Ui] to \>c B5. harde] faste B ; herde 7. 

1133. smot] om. S. nenrty] nennyn B; Nemni fiy. \>oru] ^l•o^yte 5. 
\>e] }>an o. 

113.5. iclouc] clone ^y. him] om. a0yS. \>al.] l>c /375. liened] 

A5 ; hed B; hefd a ; heed /3 ; hede 7. vcnnin] nenny a ; Nemni ^7 : 
Nenni 5. 

113G. dude] helde S. so dep] so dupe a; not so depe I3y. vc] om. a/375. 

1137. ?ic] om. 5. //] hit noiiit a/37 ; "og^i* S. out dnnvc] drawe 
ont a/37 ; drawe it owt 5. 

1138. Nennyn] Nenni a75 ; Nemni j8. aivei anon] anon awey Bo; anone 
awey 5 ; anone ^y. wel vain] wel fayn Ba ; riu tayne ^7 ; ful fnyuo S. 

1139. nom \>at suerd to him] to liim he noiu hat swerd a ; to liim he toke 
J)at swerde fiy^. \>at so] so hat 5. 

1140. nas] nes B ; no was 187. suerd] no swerd a ; no swerde ^y^. 
iliche] lyche Py^. 

1141. Vol-] om. 0/875. non ?(■/[> him iironded] nas non her with ywonded 
B ; nas no man ywonded mide o; was no man wounded her with ^7; 
was neuer man y wondyd her w' 5. heucri] keoueri o ; keuery ^ ; 
keuer B ; keuyr 7. 

1142. icluped] callid fiy. cV] om. 0/87. mid] bi Py. 

F 2 



84 THE CHEONICLE OF 

po nennyn aclde ];i.s gode siierd • aboute he smot to 

groimde • 
Ech man ]?at he ]?er wij> smot • he tef de)>e,s wounde • 
[50] pe romeins leie sone adoun • he made ampti place • 1145 
& \>e brutons arise vaste • so J^at |7oru godes grace • 
Hii adde |?e maistrie of veld • J?e romeins flowe bliue • 
Ac mony was ]'e moder child • ]^at arst was ibroit of' 

line • 
pe emperour &; is poer • to schipe flowe vaste • 
& to france flowe at en • somdel hii were agaste • 1150 
Hor folc hii lore in |;e se • ]?oru tempest monion ♦ 
Wat in bataile • wat in ]>e se • & hore hors nei echon • 

Cassihel rex. 



fol. 22 b. r^assibel was glad inou • ]>o he adde ]>q maistrie • 

Vaire he j^onkede is gode folc • & gi'et corteisie • 
Of liftes delde among horn • enere as hii worj^e were • 
So j^at ioye & mur|^e inou • among horn was J?ere • 1156 



1143. nennyn'] nennyc; Nemni ySy. }>«s] >at B. aboute'] aboute 
him fiy. 

1144. Ech man'] Echo a; To eche mail 5. Yer ioi\>] h>er micle a. yef] 
^af ham a ; ^aue him ;3 ; yaue hem 7. 

1145. leie sonc] lei^e swijje a; he leyd fast 187 ; he leytl Jjyk 5, ampti'] 
emty E ; )>ere a rome S. 

1146. \>e] om. a/37. arise] arase fiy; keueretl S. 

1 147. of veld] of J^e feld Ba ; of l^e felde 5; in J^e felde 0y. >e] l^o B. 
Jlowe] flowen S. hliue] hi lyue B ; blythe 7. 

1148. ibroyt] bro)t B ; hrout a; brou^t fiy. 

1149. flowe] flewe 7 ; flowen 5. vaste] J>o faste a; J>an fast 0y. 

1150. Jlowe'] xede afiy ; wenten S. Iiii ivere] hi weren a; sore S. 

1151. Hor folc] Here folc B ; Hare men a ; Here men 0y. lore] loren 
Ba ; lost ^75. \>oru] mid a ; with I3y ; \v' ^c 5. tempest] tempeste a. 

1152. Wat] And what S. m )jc] in 'Ba^y. tV] om. S. /lors] 
horses B. eclnm] euerychouc 5. 

1153. was] was )'0 o5 ; was j'an y3 ; was thanue 7. 

1154. (jode] om. aj37. cS'] and of B ; and eke 5 ; of here cej3 ; of hnrc 7. 

1155. Of yftes] And faire jiftes 0^37. delde] deled &y ; dalte S. 
amonfj horn] ham among a; hem amongc ^y. worl/e] om. B ; worjjj 
1875. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 83 

Ac ^ev was among horn cleol inoii • vor nemiin ibro^t • 
pat ]>e emperour j^e wouncle ^ef • ]^at he mi^te hele 

no^t • 
He lai iiorpined in ]?e wouncle • & toward J^e de]^e drou • 
& deide J)e vifte day • mid sorwe & deol iuou • 1160 
At ]>Q nor]? tate of londonc • hii Lirede ]ns godc kni^t • 
& buredo wi]? him in is cheste • ]?at swerd )nit was so 
• bri^t • 

j)at he wan of ]?c emperour • wi]> onour inou * 
pat rode dej? was icluped • warewi)? he him slou • 
Ibm-ed it was uor]? wij? him • as in tokninge • 11G5 
Of is prowessc |;at he it wan • of an so heie kinge • 
Cassibel ]?is gode king • him gan euere vnderstonde • [51] 
pat J»e emperour ]>ozie iut • worrie in is londe • 
])e vif tonnes of ]>e vif pors • he let walli aboute • 
& so gode kniltes dude J'er • )?at he nadde ]?er of no 

doute . 1170 

Stakes of ire monion • he pi^te in temese grounde • 
Aboue ssarpe & kene inou • binej'e grete & rounde • 

1157. Ac . . . horn'] Ac among ham -was a; But amonge hem was )37 ; 
Bot amonge hem was S. deol'] dul o; doil 167. ncnniii'] Nenni aS; 
Nemni fiy. ibro^t.~\ J^at J))'s abowght 5. 

1158. yf] him ^af 01873. ];>at he mi^tc] Jiat he ne my^t B ; me ne 
my^te « ; men ue my^t Py. he ini^ic hcle'] heled be myjt 5. 

1 159. uorpined'] for peyned /85 ; for peiuyd y. in )>e wounde'] in j^e Avonde 
Ba; in Jjc woode j8; in })e wode 7; on Jjc wounde 5. toward] to B. 
\>e] om. B. 

1160. deide] deydbanS. y//'/e] fyuethe S. sorwe ^- deol] deol & screw 5. 

1161. birede] burede « ; buryode B ; buried /3 ; buryed 7. 

1162. burede] buryedeB; buried y8 ; buryed 7. is] 1760/878. ]pat] 
\>e afiyS. 

1164. icluped] callid ;87. iuarewi\>] whar mide a, 

1165. Iburcd] Yburied B ; Iburyed 7. lo/aiiUfjc] a tokenyuge 5. 

1166. lie it wciJi] he h wan a; he wanne /37. an] on B ; one a^7. 
kitiye] a kyuge B7. 

1167.- h«s] }peBa0y5. 

1168. woi-rie] werre B; worri ti; \verry fiy ; to worrio S; wonie A. 
in] on afiyS. 

1169. vif] om. ajSyS. vif] om. 187. pors] portes 6/87; ports a. 
walli] walle B. 

1170. nadde] hadde ay ; had /38. ];>er of] \>er B. 

1171. ire] yru B; Ireu I3y. pi^te] pyte a; put $ ; putte 7. 



86 THE CHRONICLE OF 

J)at tif ]?er eni ssipes come • ar iiic iwar were • 

Hii ssolde i)iclie honi ]?oiu out • & adrenche so ]^ere • 

Her was quointise inou • he let also arere • 1175 

Vpe )?e water stronge hoiis • j^at hii vuwariied nei'e • 

& of )7e tonge folc of ]'e loud • ]:'erinne dude inowe • 

To be i)rest to kepe hor fou • wenne hii J^uder drowc • 

lulius ]?e emperour • wij? strong jjoer inou • 

Tuo lev after }'e bataile • to engelond aien drou • 1180 

& ]w2te to sle al j^at folc • & winne ]>e kinedom • 

Ac he caste amhesas • J^o he to londe com • 

Casslhel rex. 
fol. 23. Vor as J?e ssipes wij? gret eir • come toward londe • 

In temese as ]?ei al ]>q world • ne ssolde hom atstonde • 
pc })ikes smite hom ]?oru out • ar hii wuste wat hit 
were • 1185 

& to dasste & drainte • vourti ssipes ]?ere • 
& a }?ousend godc kniites • ]?erinne were adreint • 
& al hor atir & tresour • was also aseint • 

1173. ar me'] or l^at men Py. iwar'] warre /3 ; ware y. 

1174. ]>oru 0111] throwte 5. adrenche so] adrenche hem so B ; drenche 
ham so a^y ; so drenche hem S. 

1176. Vpc~\ Op on a ; Vppon /S^ ; Vpon 5. strunye] a stronge /Sy ; 
stronge 3'now 5. hvus'] houses 5. vnwarncd] ywar a , ywarre /3 ; 
yware S ; warre 7. 

1177. dude] hi dude a; K'i dide ^y; \>Qy sette S. 

1178. To be] Alle afiy^. \>udcr] to hem B/SyS ; to ham a. 

1179. K-] J'lilke a ; >ilkc /By ; J^ylk 5. 

1180. hf] >at afiy^. 

1181. Jjoj^e] J^ou^t jjan ^y. to] om. B. loinnc] to wyune S. \>e] 
Hs B ; al }>is afiy ; Jjys 5. 

118i>. ambesas] I'cr of ambesas Ba ; \>i:Y of ambos ase 187 ; J'cr of Ambs- 
ace 5. 

1183. \>e] his B ; hes 5. <jrct] om. %. eir] heir a; yre /3 ; Ire 7. 
londe] pe londe jSyS. 

1184. atstonde] astonde /S7 ; w' stonde 6, 

1185. ar] or B. icuste] wyste B; whiste a. 

1186. to (lassie c^ drainte] daschte andadreyutcB ; to daiscbte & adreinte 
a ; to (hischet & drejnt fiy. 

1187. tV] '^'"- ^' "] o "-y- were adreint] was drcynt 0y. 

1188. .yj om. aj37, hor atir] here atyl B ; ar tyr a; here tire Py. 
was also] also were 5. aseint] jschent ^7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 87 

& SO hii mittc Icrni • wiclie brutons were • [52] 

Beterc hoiii addo ibe at lome • )'an iiousted pere • 1190 

pe eniperour wi])diou him ]>o • & bi auo]?er ende • 

To londc he coin wro]? inou • jns loud vor to sscnde • 

po king cassibel isei • so niuche Iblc vorlorc • 

& adreint of is fon • glad he was ]?cruorc • 

& na]>eles he was sori • & made gret inione • 1105 

Of horn pat ofscapede • l^at hii nere adreint echonc • 

po )^e ronicins were iconie • to londe attelaste • 

Cassibel wip his poor • aten horn sette vaste • 

Hii smite bataile strong inou • J>er was ido gret wo • 

& muche folc aslawe in ei)?er half • & of ]?c romeins 

mo. 1200 

Vor ])G brutons woxe vaste • j^e romeins binej;e were • 
po ];e emperour isei • J^at his fare nas no^t )^ere • 
Wi]> lute folc l^at him was bileued • to ssipe hii llowen 

vaste • 
Hit was folc of an gode londe • J7at hom so coupe 

agaste • 

1189. Icriii'] lurni a; lerne B/Sy. tvic/ic'] ■wiich B ; whiclie a; what /By. 

1190. ibe] be B5 ; ben fiy. ^(/m] bane a. iionsicd] y ostcd B ; iu 
swich o stude a ; in suchc a stede Py. 

1191. \>o] oin. /8y. auo\'cr'\ on oK'i" «• 

1192. wrojj] wroj B. 

1193. po] And B ; pe a5 ; This /3 ; Tys y. isei] ysawe Hy ; saye \>o 5. 
vorlore'] y lore Jia^yS. 

1194. adreint] adienct A. 

11 9.5. §-] Ac a; But I3y. (/ret] grete aS. imoiic] mone Ba/875. 

1196. Of] Yov I3y. ofscapede] ascapede o ; aseaped /SyS. nere 
adreint] nadde be dreynt B. 

1197. lojidc] \>c londBS. 

1199. smite] Aa ; smyton B ; smote Py ; sinytten 5. bataile] o bataile 
a ; a bataile fiy. 

1200. §•] cm. 0/875. muche folc] mony B. aslawe] jslawe B 
yslawe jSyS. in] on B5 ; of ^87. 8f] ac Ma ; but ^y. mo] wel 
mo a/37. 

1201. ivoxe] wox B ; wexe /3; wex 7 ; vvcxt S. 

1202. isei] say B ; sawe fiy, saw 5. ./'"''■] fiih'e 187. nas] was (875. 

1203. lute] litel /Sy. \>'it] om. ^y. bileued] bilefd a. hii Jlowen] 
he go)) B ; he fley a ; he flowe fiy ; ho fley^ 5. 

204. Hit was . . . londc] That was good folke Py. was folc] werw 

men B. an] a B ; om, a. horn so] so ham a ; so hem fiyS, 



88 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king cassibel anon • vor ioie made his lieste • 1205 
pat alle pe kniites of is lend • come to is feste • 
To londone at a certein day • & hore wines al so • 
Hor sacrefize to hor godes • as riit was to do • 
Vonrti j^onsend of rnj^eren • he let qnelle ]>er to • 
& of fatte wej'eren • an hondred J?onsend al so • 1210 
Of wilde bestes he let • J^ritti ]?onsend quelle • 
Of wilde foweles & of tame • ne miite no tonge telle • 

Cassihel rex. 

iol. 23 b. po ];is feste tare was • |;at folc verst in is wise • 
To hor godes as hii wolde • dude hor sacrefice • 
[53] per after hii sete at hor mete • wi]? gret nobleie 
echon • 1215 

pat me nuste J^er biuore • so noble feste non • 
After mete as ritt was • j^e menestraus eode aboute • 
& kniites & swaines • In karole gret route • 



1205. pe] J-"'ooS; Thannc ;Q7. 

1206. of is] of >e a; of Ms Py. 

1207. «] O a^y. hore'] om. /3-y. 

1208. to do] for to do afiyd. 

1209. rui>erc)i] Aa ; io)>eren BjSy ; rotheru S. let] ktte Ba; lete y. 

1210. fatte] faire a0y. we\>creii] wej'eres Ba/370. cui] ou a. 

1211. let] letteBa; lete 7. 

1212. Of] pe B ; Bol-e of a/Sy. foweles] om. al3y. of tame] he 
tame B ; ne of tame 5. iie mixte no tonge] ue m_) ;te uo mou B ; no 
tonge ue uiijte a ; no tuugc ne myjt &y. 

1213. ^are^ redy &y ; redye 5. in is] on bis a ; in berc B; on here /S7; 
on ber S. 

1214. hor] beoie B. 

1215. hii] \>Q B. sete] seten 8. <it] to Ba/SyS. yrct] so gi-et B. 
nobleie] noblei B ; noble I3y. 

1216. 7iuste] mi)tc A (first band) ; AVist I3y. feste] a feste 5, 

1217. \>e] Kit a. menestraus] menstrales B ; menestrals o ; mynstrals 
fiy ; Myustrelt 5. eode] jeode B ; jede a^y ; went 5. 

1218. Sf swaines] &quyers)3; & squyers 7 ; & eke swaynes S. In 
harole] carolynge 5; (jret] mid swibe grete <t ; Ivitb rijt gretc fiy ; a 
grete 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 89 

So ]?at ]>e kinges neueii • & )^c cvles neuen of kent • 

pe tueie ^ongc bachelers • ]>at noljlo were & gent • 1220 

In ])Q,t noble trusche • strif Ijigonno arerc • 

So ]jat ]7C herles ncueu • ])en o|)er slou ri^t J^ere • 

po was al \>e court anuyd • as he moste nede • 

pe king verde ek vor wra]?]je • as he wolde awede • 

Androge he sende word • |mt he is neueu toke • 1225 

& broite him vorp to aiiongc « J'at ]'c court him wokle 

loke • 
Andi'oge was adrad • vor ho nuste }>e kinges wille • 
& lo|:> he adde is neueu • to hongi o];er spille • 
pe king he sende word a^en • J;at he adde is franchise • 
In is owe court vorto lokc • domes & assise • 1230 

& j;at ^if is neueu adde misdo • In is owe court he ssolde • 
Ansnerie };at echman • to him siwi wokle • 
po ]>G king hurde j^is • ];at he ne mi^te bi no lawe • 
lugi him }>at his neueu • broite of lifdawe • 



1219. neueu'] iieue fiy. 6' K] & «• erles] Erie ys 5. neueu] aS; 
neuew B ; neue fiy ; men A. 

1220. pe] pdt B; Tlio &yS. tueie] twelve a; twei B; two HyS. 
'^otKje] noble afiyd. \>at] om. B8. 7ioble] jonge a^yS. 

1221. In] Ou ai87. J'«<] his B/3-yS ; )>isse a. trcsche] Aa 
treische fiy ; companj'e B ; reuel 5. arere] to areie 3. 

1222. \>e herles] l^is erles a/37; j^at Erles 5. iteuea] ueue fiy. i>en] 
Jjat B5 ; J^e fiy. 

1223. anmjd] aferd aS ; aferde fiy, he] hei B)S7; )^ey S ; hi a. 

1224. verde ek] eke ferde 5. awede] wede B. 

1225. Androije] To Androge afiy. 

1226. b?-o^ie] bringe fiy. vor\>] om. afiy. to auonye] forte fongc B ; 
for to fonge afiy ; to fange 8. him wolde] wold him 5. 

1227. Androcje] Andrge A. adrad] of adradde 5. nuste] nust /3 ; 
nyste y. 

1228. neueu] none fiy. honyi] hongc Bfiyh. o\>ei] oiB ; ojier ioafiy; 
or to 5. 

1230. In] On afiy, vorto] to a;87S. domes] donius a. 

1231. \>at] om. afiyo. In] on a5. he] me a ; men fiy. 

1232. Ansucrie \>at] Ouswerc to B; Answerije to a; Answery to fiy ; 
Answere to 5. cehman] eucry man 8. to] \>at to Jiafiy ; |>at 6. 
siwi] siwe B ; clepije o ; clepy fiy ; clcpo 5. 

1233. \>e] \>h B. hurde] ihurdc a ; harde fi ; herde B7. wo] ryjt 
Vt ; om. afiyS. 

1234. /".'/''] lugge a; Inge B/87. neueu] ueue fi, of] of y.sB ; owtc of 8. 



90 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He gTei|?ede is est faste • vpe ]ns erl of kent • 1235 
To bringe is ueiieu mid streiig|?e • to stonde to Iiige- 

ment • 
[54] Oj'cr mid fure o]?er mid swerd • bringe he wolde al 

out • 
Him to noite & al is ]>ing • nere he no so proute • 
pis eii bi grete louerdcs • to |?e king ofte sende • 
pat he ssolde vor godes lone • is herte somdel amende • 
& J'at he vor is neueu wolde • vorto abatie strif. 1241 
Do hey amendement • sauue lume & lif • 



Cassihel vex. 

fol. 24. po l^er nas oj^er wey • bote stonde al out to dome • 
pe erl of anoj'er wei • bi |>ou2te him ilome • 
& as he & is conseil • stable conseil nome • 1245 

pe lettres he sende to luli • ]?e emperour of rome • 
To luli emperour of rome • androge erl of kent • 
Gretinge & stable loue • after wrajjj'e sent • 



1235. vpe'\ op on a ; vppoii lij. h's] t'e B. 

1236. neueit] neue /S7. . to'] at a; attc ^y. 

1237. 0)t>er . . . o>cr] 0>er ... or B;8. 

1238. were] uer B ; were /S^S. mo] ncr B ; ueucr /35 ; iieiiyr 7. 

1239. k] Hs B. 

1240. hcrtc'] wyllc B7 ; wille aj3S, 

1241. he vor is ncueti wolde'] lie wold (wolde fiyh) I'ur his neueu 
(neue ^87) afiyS. abatie] abaty B ; abati^e a • abate Hy. 

1242. sauue] sawuc B ; sauc a/3y. 

1243. nas oi>cr] nas nou o)>erBa; was none o]>er /^y. Id lUnitc] atte 
dome fiy. 

1244. a7io];>ej- wci] on o)>er red a. ; an oj^er rede Hy. Iii \>oii-ylc] bi 
houjte bi houjte B. Home] wel louie 5. 

1245. Sf' is co7iscil] & bis conseilers o ; at his eounseilours Hy. 

1246. pe] )^esc B ; pna a; Thise fty ; Thes S. /„■] om. Ba/SyS. 
sende] sent &y5, 

1247. emperour] )>e emperour B0y ; he ainperour a. erl] be Erie &y. 

1248. sent] send B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 91 

Sire wite to ,so]?o • ];at sore ot'Jnnkj; it me • 

pat icli abbe vor oiire kinges loue • iholde aien 

l;e . 1250 

pat tif mi poer nadde ibe • pou addcst liim oiicrcome • 
Ac vor he ap now ];e maistrie • such i)rutc him haue]> 

inoine • 
pat noLi mc );oru warn he a|^ • of j^e j^e maistrie • 
Driue he wokle out of his loud • mid gretc vileinie • 
Ich him abbe ihokle in is lond • & mi mede |;er of 

is . 1255 

pat he me wole driue of is lond • vnofserued iwis • 
Vor oure godes ich take to witnesse • p'at oj^er gult non 

)?er nis 
Bote I'at inclle mi neueu • jmt a kite dude amis • 
Bitake him to lugement • to hongi oj^er to drawc • 
Ac ich wokle to sauui lif & lume • bringe him to ech 

lawe • - 12G0 



1249. wite <o] wite )?e to a ; Avite ^ou for /3 ; wyte thou for y; wete ie \>c 5. 
o/>j«/.)3 it] of Jjinkct yt B ; of J^iuclu'}' hit a ■ hit a]>enki|' $y ; hit 
athinkehc 5 

1250. oure'] ho al3y ; )> 5. iholde] hoklc /8y. a^en] ajenst a5 ; 
iijens ^y. 

1251. yf] om. B. nadde ihe] hud not be By. ^ou] Ba0yS; 
ho A." 

1252. Ac] Aud 5. he] om. y. a\y 7ioiv] hah uouhe a ; nowo hah I3y; 
now hahe 5. prate] pruyd B ; prude a ; pride /Sy. him] he a/S-y. 
haur\>] hah Ba/87 ; hahe S. inomc] nomc 5. 

1253. pat] Vor a ; For HyS. he In-.] he heo a ; he B. 

1254. he woldc] iiie wohle a ; me he wolde 0y. his] om. a^yS. 

1255. him abbe iholde] habbc yholde hym B ; habbe holde him a ; liatte 
holde him fiy ; haue yholde him 5. iji] on a/Sy. 

1256. me ivolc] me wolde a/8 ; wol me B ; wolde me y ; Avil me S. of is 
lond] a^vey 0/87 ; o\vte of his loud 5. vnofserued] vudeserued B ; 
aud vnaserued a ; aud vn asserued ;S ; and vuaseruyd 7 ; vndescruyd 5. 

1257. Vor] om. 0/875. to] om. B. ijult] oilt ^y. nis] ys 5. 

1258. inelle] ieh uelle a ; lue wolde ;87. lute] lytel B/37. 

1259. hoiKji] lionge Bo;87. 

1260. Ac] om. B. uutlde] wole B. to sauui] saue Ba/87 ; sauynge 
5, lif Sf lame] lym & lyf B ; lim & lyf a; lyme & lyfe (lyf 7) y875. 



92 THE CHRONICLE OF 

per vore ich bidde }?at ich mowe • mi stat holde 

];oru pe • 
& ]'at ]>ou vp him brutaine • mowe winne jjoni me • 
[55] & ue ]?ench )?ou sire noj'ing • )?at ich treson ];enehe • 
Vor siker pis is \>e so]?e wei • wij> oute eni mis wrenche • 
& god wole ]?at men ofte • be in wraj^J^e &5 in sore • 1265 
pat after hor grete wra])];'e • hor lone be ]m more • 
po ]>e emperour hurde ]ns • he ne trnste wel J'er to • 
Wi]? onte siker ostage • such j^ing to do • 
pe erl J?ritti noble men • J>at were of is blode • 
Sende him &; is owe sone • J'at were ostages gode • 

Cassihd rex. 
fol. 24 b. Siker was ])0 j?e emperour • he ne leuede nolt bi- 
hinde . 1271 

Ac com here to engelond • mid j^e nexte winde • 
pe king ]?e wule londone • bisegede uaste • 
& destruede ]>e erles lond • & is courtes adoun caste • 

1261. bidde'] piaye H ^y. ich motoe'] I mote 5. \>o/-u'] oi a0yS, 

1262. ^Jcif] om. afiy. vp] of 0/87. 

1263. nc . . . 7w]^i7ig'] ne beo J>ou sire uout of clrad a; be ton noujt sirre 
adracl Py ; be J'ou Sir of uoght adradde 5. )f>ench'] )>enclie o. treson] 
of treson 8. 

1264. is] om. B. ivi\)oute] withouten B. iiiis tvrenche] Tvrenche B. 

1265. men] men J^at a^yS. be] om, B ; beo]? a; were 0y; bethe 8. 

1266. hoi- yrete] gret fiy. 

1267. hurde] horde B ; liarde/Sy; ihui'de a. triiste] tryste By ; triste 
aj3 ; trist 8. tvcl] not wel B ; nout wel a ; noujt wel /9-y ; noght 
Avel S. ]>er to] her to B. 

1268. to do] for to do aySyS. 

1269. ]^<'] pulke a ; Thilke /Sy ; Thiik 8, of is blode] of hy^e blood 8. 

1270. Sende him] llim sendc ad- Him sent /Sy. owe] owune y. 
ostages] ostage /3y. 

1271. \>o] om. /Sy. ?(e leuede] ue lefde a; belefte 8. 

1272. ylc cow /jere to] Bot come hedir in to 8. 

1273. fc king \>e tvulc] & )'e king J^e while a; And \>e while \>c kj'uge )3y; 
The while \>e kynge S. bisegede] bisegede wel aS ; he bisegid rijt 

Py- 

1274. destruede] destryede B. fond] loudes 8, f;<i«y/es] coutreis B; 
court )3y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 03 

Ac ]>o he hnrde ])at ])g romeins • icome were to }>is 
londe • 1275 

To horn he wcnde hastcliche • & let londone stonde • 
po ho com nei kaimterburi • In a valeie biside • 
He sei }o emperours ost • sprad aboute wide • 
pe emperour verst in is half • & he in is also • 
Ordeinede verst hor ost • j^e bataile to do • 1280 

Ac mid vif hondred hors iwrie • as it was bispekc • 
pe erl of kent was in a wode • him vor to awreke • 
per of nas no^t ]>e king iwar • ac wij^oute faile • 
Mid gode herte he wende vor]? • to smite ]?is bataile • 
Bituene ]>e se & kaunterburi • |7is bataile was • 1285 [56] 
Neuere ich wene more slatt • in so lute wude nas • 
pat folc vel doun vorwounded • & aslawe in ei]7er side • 
As jncke as leues do]? of tren • aten winteres tide • 
Ac ])o ]?e folc of ]ns lond • nei adde ]?e maistrie • 
Com ]?e erl of kent mid is ost • ]?oru is tricherie • 1290 



1275. Ac 1)0 he hurde\>at'] But when he harde K'vt /3; But he herde 7. 
icome . . . londe'] were nyj come at honde S, icome were] were 
ycome y. to }>/s] in hys B ; in his 0,87. 

1276. horn he iccnde] hem went j3'; hem wente 7. 

1277. nei] to a/SyS. a] o a5. biside] )jere bysyde B5; J^er bisyde 0)87, 

1278. sei \>e] sawe t>is 5 ; sawe J^e 187. sprad] ysprad Ba ; yspradde 5, 
aboute unde] wonder wyde 5. 

1279. in] on alijS. in is] hym self B. 

1280. verst hor] fast here ^37. to] forte B ; for to a/375. 

1281. /io?(f//'t'f/] t'ousand B187 ; I'ousend a, ?'«T/e] I weue /37. bispekc] 
by spoke 5. 

1282. vorto] forte B. aicreke] ben awroke 5. 

1283. nas] was 0y5. iwa?-] war B/37 ; awar S. 

1284. gode] a good S. 

1285. Bituene] BytT^xte S. \>is] Jns vlke a; Ms ilke fiy ; hys ilk S. 

1286. more . . . wude] in o litel while more slaujter /37. slait] 
slant a ; slau^ter 5. so lute] o litele a. tcude] wjde B ; while aS. 

1287. doun] om. 0^7. vorwounded] wouuded ^37. tislawc] yslawe 
B ; slayn ^87 ; yslayn 5. ??(] on aj375. 

1288. As \-ic/tc] om. 0^87. As] Ac B. leues] Bd ; . leeues /87 ; leuys 
5 ; leiieh A. do]) of irev] of he treon a; on he treen ^87; of treen 5. 
ivi uteres] he wynteres S. 

1289. he/ofc] hat folk Ba/875. 

1290. tricherie] fals trecherje 5. 



94 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Al verss bi hinde ]>e brutouns • alas Jmlke stoiinde • 
So ]jat J;is lond was ibrott • ]?oru treson verst to 

grounde • 
Ac ]?e king & some of is • defended liom so vaste • 
J)at hii vol" horn alle aliue • ofscapede atte laste • 
& nokle horn tekle for no p»ing • ac among al or fon 

]?ere. 1295 

Ofscapede vp an liei liul • per moni rockes were • 
& ]>er kii kiidde kor prowesse • vor kii wuste kom 

]^ere ankei • 
Mid stones )?at no mon • ne dorste eome kom nei • 
Ou louerd ]ye noble folc • j^at is of pis londe • 
Wanne kii ])q emperour of rome • pat no lond ne mitte 

at stonde. 1300 

Cassihel rex. 
fol, 25. jj-^ bataile & al is ost • onercome twie • 

& eiiere wolde as ick wene • tif nadde ibe trickerie • 



1291. verss'] fresch B ; ferchs a. \>ulki'] l)ikke B. 

1292. ziro^/] broii;,t ^y. treson] |>is treson B; J^is traison a ; pis 
tresoun jSy. vcrst to] to Viafiy ■ to \>c 5. 

1293. defended] defendede Ba. 

1294. vor] fro /Sy. alle] om. ySy. aliuc ofscapede] ascaped alyue 5. 
aliue] o Hue B. ofscapede] ascapede B ; askaped /8 ; aseapj'd y. 

1295. nolde] wolde I3y. horn yelde] ^elde hem 5. al or] here B/87 ; 
hare a ; her 5. 

1296. Ofscapede] Ofscape B; At scapcde a; Ascapj-d ^y- Ascaped 5. 
vp an] op on an a ; vppon an j8 ; vppon a y ; vp on a S. ]ht] as B ; 
ase a ; }>er as S. moni] maniie a. 

1297. hii] cm. a^y. kuddc] kjMe fiy. vor hii uniste] & kepte BS ; 
& whiste o ; and kept ^7. anhei] an hyxe y3 ; an hygh y ; an heje 5. 

1298. stones] frode stones afiy. nc] om. S. come Itoni'] ham come a; 
hem come fi ; hym come y. 

1299. Oil hmerd] Ow lord B ; A louerd a ; A lorde fiyS. ]u-] )>at apy- 
)3at J^es 5. is of] was of a^y ; were J'O in fi. 

l.'iOO. Warinc] Wan B ; Whanne a ; Whenne 7; That 5. 71c] oni. 75. 

at stonde] ofstonde B ; astonde a75. 

1301. Sf al] w' al S. oucrcome] \>ey onercome hem 5. tivie] tuej-B; 
hi hadde twiu; a ; |ici hadde twej^e ^y. 

1302. as] om. 0)87. yij] om B. ?)r/fW(; //x;] hit nadde beo a; hit 
hadde uouU he >urgh /3 ; hyt hadde nought horugh 7 ; it nad he 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 95 

per vore ich wene ]^at ]>iH lond • neucre iwonne nere • 

Bote it jjoru treson of ]?e folc • of ])e londe were • 

po l^e emperour ne mi^te ];e king • mid strengj>e ouer- 

coine • 1305 

pen hul he wusto vorte he adde • mid honger him 

inome • 
Atte laste ])0 ])e king • was al ibroit to grounde • 
pom honger & defaute of mete • alas Jnilke stounde • 
& he sei wel |>at he mostc • nede vor honger deie • [57] 
0)jer tehle him to ])q emperour • as al is men iseie • 
& |;e emperours prison • he dradde ek wel sore • 1311 
per vore ]?e erl of kent • he biso^te milee & ore • 
pat he adde reu)?e of him • & nor is gentrise • 
Hadde is pes wi|? J'emperour • wi]? oute feintise • 
& ])at ])e kunde blod of ]ns lond • of wam Ave bo|?e 

come • 1315 

Nere |wrn him ilirott • to ssame • & ])at he toke gome • 
& j)at lif he adde ouit misdo • aion him mid won • 
pat he it wolde amcndi • aten him wel inou • 

1304. iQ om. afiyd. \>oru'] mid a ; with /8y. hmde'\ selue lond B ; 
sulue loiul Jnat a ; same londo J'at ^y ; self loud hat 5. 

1305. mid slroKiS'c'] mid no streng|>e a; with no stronl'C ,8; wj-th no 
sti'engthc y. 

1300. pt'?*] plat B^S^S ; pano a. lie umstc'] he kcpte BS ; he Miste a; he 
kept /3 ; thcj' kepte y. rortr'] for to B ; fort a5 ; vnto fiy. Jte'] Jiei 
187. inomit'] nome /By. 

1307. \>o'] om. Ba/SyS. \ie king UHts'\ was ^e king a/Sy. «/] om. B. 

1308. porw] For B. cV] for Bay; fore 5; & for /3. of mete'] om. 
aiSy. (lias \>ulke'] alas for hnlke a ; alias bat ilke /3y. 

1309. //(.'] om. o;3y. sci] sawe /8y. Ac »7ios<f] him muste^S; hj-mnmsty 

1310. 0\>er'\ Or B. is mcii'] \>e men ajSy. iseic'] sej'e B ; it seye 5. 

1311. emperours] emperom' /3y. iccl] fill B ; ri^t ^y. 

1312. \>e crl] hulke vrl a ; hilkeErle ySy. 

1313. adde] wolde haue S. f/cntrisc] gcnitrise a. 

1314. Hadde] Made BaySy ; Make 5. feintise] en3' feyntise 5. 

1315. Sj-] om. aj3y. Jt't' /;oK'] heo bo|>e B; hi bci^e a; ))ei ho^c ySyS, 
cow/e] om. B. 

1310. Nere] Where /3y ; Ne were 5. ^- )>«/ he] l>at he bor of a)3y5. 

ioAv; (yow.'c] toke her of gome B ; nome gome a ; hede nome fty. 

1317. hrt<] om. ajSy. rixeu] aj.enst a/3y. 

1318. ?V] om. 5. amendi] amende |8y5. axeii] axenst afiy ; to 5. 
wel] om. a/3y5. 



9G THE CHRONICLE OF 

po androge hurde ]ns • somdel he was in jjoii^t • 

pe prinse he sede o|?er king • nis to preisi no^t • 1320 

pat in time of worre as a lomb • is bo}>e mek & milde • 

& in time of pes as leon • bo|>e cruel & wikle • 

Min godes of heuene & of er]?e • wat segge nou ^e • 

Mi lonerd bisec]? nou mi grace • ]:'at miite er hote me • 

Mid pe emperoiu" & me • pes he seep drawe • ] 325 

& we bope of him biuore • pes wilnede vawe • 

per vore he ssolde abbe bipo^t • pat poru me he was 

aboue • 
& poru me he mitte abbe icome adoun • & abbe ikud 

me loue • 



Cassihel rex. 

fol. 25 b. "Vol- it is ech prince iwis • & king vileinie ' 

To defouli is knittes • ]'oru warn he ap pe maistrie 



1319.^ hurd a] bevde B; ihurde «; harde y. h/s] of^isS. m] 

on 8. 
1320. pe prinse] l?o S. vis to preisi] nys to pvej'se B ; is topreyse py; 

may I preyse 5. 
132L zvorre] werre Ba. as a lumb is"] is ase o lomb a; is as a lombe 0; 

ys a lombe 7S. tnek'] muk a. 
1322. ^'] cm. a5. as Icon'] as a lyon B ; al so \>e lyon a ; also as a lyon 

I3y ; 3'S a lioil S. 
1328. Mm] Mi B ; Mine a ; My 70. i.V of] {k aS. wat segyc nou] 

now what seye 5. sef/yc] say Py. 

1324. bisec\)] biseche|> B ; bisecbi)? /3; bysecheth 7. vou] oni. aliyS. 
mi] me a ; me of Py. miyte er] ere myght 3. er] byfore fiy. 

1325. Sf me] & mid me a ; & with me $yS. pes] to pes /S ; to pees 75. 
secj)] sechejje 5. drawe] to drawe a;G75, 

1326. x>moe] Mel fawe Ba5; ri;tfawe fiy. 

1327. he ssolde] sehulde be fiy. abbe] bym babbe B ; bim habbc a ; 
him haiie J875. /;/)'0x/] y \>o-yt B. />e] om. OJ875. 

1328. he] om. 0/378. abbe icome] haiie come B; come 0)878. abbe] 
om. B. ikiid] kyd B ; kjdde 7 ; kiid 8. 

1329. ech] to echo B/87. vileinie] eke vilenye 8. 

1330. defouli] defoule B/87. icam] whan 8. Jx] om. B08. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 97 

Vor ]>e maistrie nis nott a kinges • ne be no so god • 
Ac kni^tes j^at vncler him vi^te]? • & ssecle]? hor blod • 
Najjeles icholle fondi • to bringe him of is sore • [iis.] 

Vor iehabbe of him wreche inou • Avanne he bisec}^ 

min ore • 
pe erl wcnde to j c cmperovir • & sat adoun a kne • 1335 
Sire he sede al )>i wille • ]>ou ast ]?ou mi^t ise • 
Of ye king |?at is min vncle • he is al at J^in wille • 
Haue merci of him ich }>e bidde • & ne let him no^t 

aspille • 
Wat wostou more of him • bote ]mt he truage ]:>e bere • 
pc cmperour was stillo ]^o • & ne ^af him non ansuere » 
Sire emperour qua]> )>e erl J-'o • ne be ^e no so Isolde ^ 
Vnder ]?at voreward • ichabbo ])q al iholde • 
To bringe ]?e king binej^e • & ]'at ]wu wonnc al is londe • 
Wat ssolde ich ]?e more do • nastou al ]>is an honde >■ 

1331. nis noyt a kiiiges] nis in J^e king noiit a ; is in \>e kynge nou^t ^y ; 
ys of J>e kynge noglit 5. nc he no] ne be he ueuer B ; ne be he no a ; 
he he neuer /SyS. 

1332. Ac] Ac in J^e a; But in he ySy; Bot in 5. 

1333. Na]>eles'] And najjeles B. icholle'] ich wol B ; ich wole a; I wolle 
ySy ; 1 wil 5. fondi] fonden B ; fonde fiy^. of] owte of 5. 

1334. bisec.\>] biseche> B ; bisekih /3 ; bysekyth 7. 

1335. sat] set B ; sette 5. adoun'] om. 5. a kne'] on kne BiSy ; 
on hys knee 5. 

1336. "S'(>e he sede] He seide sire a ; And saide sirre /8 ; And sayd sirre 7 ; 
And seyd sir 5. \>ou ntiyt ise] he niy^^t iseo a; hat hou my^t se fiy. 

1337. al] om. B. at \>in] at hi B ; to h'me a0 ; to hy Sy 

1338. of] on /Sy. he] om. BayS. bidde] praye /3-y. t^' "^ '^''] ^ 
let B ; ne lat hon a ; ne late hou 0y ; lete hou 5. 

1339. ivostoii 7nore] woldest hou more B ; woldest hahbe more a ; woklist 
hou more haue Py ; woldest hou haue more 5. he truage he] he he 
truage Ba^Sy. 

1340. ho] om. B. ne] om. fiyS. ytf] )efB. ansuere] onswere B. 

1341. (]ua\>] quoh B (& passim). tie] oni. 5. jw] no)t B ; nout a; 
nouit /Sy ; neuere 5. 

1342. Vnder] Vnderstond Ba ; Vnderstoude iSy ; Vndirstonde 5. \'at] 
he aBy. iehabbe] hat I haue 5. he d] al he B ; he 5, iholde] 
holde 0y ; tokle 5. 

1343. bi7ie]ye] binehe he BafiyS. Sf l^at \>ou W07nie] and thou wynne y. 
al] om. Ba/SyS. 

1344. nastou al ]>is] nast hou hit ala; hast hou hit nou^t al ^7 ; ne hast 
al 5. an honde] iu hiu honde B ; on bond o ; on honde &y ; in hyno 
honde 5. 

G 



98 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Nolde god J?at ich soffrede • mi louerd J'at is & was • 
pat bit me voriifnesse • & to amendi is trespas • 
pat he in j^ine bendes come • god it ssilde me • 
Vor ]?ou ne ssalt so li^tliche • him nime i segge ]>e • 
pe wle ich libbe vor ich wolle • in ech manere fonde • 
To helpe mi louerd & min vncle • bote |?ou me vnder- 

stonde • 1350 

po ]?e emperour hurde |?is • he bigan him bi]?enche • 
& is wra]?]>e toward J^e king • [for drede of J^e erl 

quenche • 1351* 

pe emperour & ]>e king] in ]?is fourme acorded were • 
[59.] pat ]?e king of J^is lond • to ]'e emj)erom' bere • 
pre ]?ousend pound of seluer • fram ^ere to ^ere • 
As J^e truage to rome • J?at non vorbore nere • 1355 
In J'is manere was engelond • Ibrott verst in seruage • 
& J'oru treson of ]?e sulue lond • verst lef truage • 
peruore a king ne mai nott • among is kni^tes be • 
To sturne of is iugement • ac somdel him bise • 



1345. Nolde (/od] Wolde hit not fiy. 

1346. bit mel bid me B ; bidde> ]>e aji ; byddyth the 7 ; byddeth me uow S. 
voryijhesse'] forjefnesse B ; for^euenesse o. amendi^ mende BySy. 

1347. pat . . come'] On )>ine bendes )?at he come a; In J>i bondes >at he 
come l3yS. it ssilde'] schulde hit euere a ; schilde hit euer ^875. 

1348. ne ssalt] ne schalt nout a ; schalt nou)t yS. 7iime] take PyS, 
i segye] I say fiy ; I seye 5. 

1349. pe wle] Wyle B ; pe -while afiy. in ech] on eche a. 

1350. bote] bute B ; bot if S. me] J>e ay ; J>ee )3. 

1351. po] om. a/37. hurde] herdeB; ihurdea; harde ;37. him] to 5. 
1351*. for drede of\>e erl quenche] B ; om. A ; J^oru bede of ^e vrl quenche 

a; >urgh Jje Erie prayer quenche 187; for drede gan quenche S. 1352 pe 
emperour &f )?e hiny] po emperour & \>q king B ; om. A ; pe amperour 
& )>Q king] )>o a ; The Emperour & l^e king J)an I3y. i?i] on 0^87, 

acorded] acordede Bo. 

1353. )>!s] J>isse a. to \>e] to J?en o. 

1354. selver] seluere o. fraii] aye fro 5. 

1355. As \>e] As to B ; Ase a; As J87 ; Of S. to] of afiy. non] 
\>o\x fiy. vorbore] uer bore B, 

1356. In] And in B ; On aj37. was engelond] engelond was o 
englonde was $y. Ibro-^t] brou^t B;S7. 

1357. if'] om. 0)875. J>e sulue] J)is selue B ; l^isse sulue a ; this self /S-} 
verst }€/] furst hit ^af a ; first hit )aue ^87 ; for euer to pay 5. 

1358. «] o a. ne] om. 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 99 

Cassihel rex. Tennanci[us] rex. 

pat he a]; to horn nede • ho not wuche stounde • 1360 fol. 26. 
Vor a such wille as ze ise]? • broite verst ]?is lond to 

gToimde • 
pe emperour J;o & j^e king • to grete loue di'owe • 
&; hor eij^er o]>ev bitwenc horn • tiftes ^eue inowe • 
&, bileuede ahie winter • to gadere in |?is londe • 
Ac a^en somer ]>e emperour • ]>o he adde al anhonde • 
Wende horn toward rome • & mid gi"ete loue • 136G 
Nom wi|> him J?e erl of kent • ]7oru wane he was 

aboue • 
& ])oru nobleie J^at he was • man of so gret fame • 
He let an mon)?e in ])e lere • clupie after is name • 
lulius as he het him sulf • j^e mon|?e ]?at next is -ISTO 
Biuore heruest as me tut • clupe]^ J?e mon]?e iwis • 
r^assibel J>e gode king ^as god tef ]?at cas • 
Deide after seue ^er • ]?at he ouercome was • 



1360. Ae] om. a. aj> to honi] to hem haj>e S. 7iede2 ueodeB; 
nude a. wuche] whiche a^y. 

1361. a] om. ajSyS. sudi] swich a; whiche ^y. ise)>\ seet> a/SyS. 
verst] om. 'Qafiy^. 

1362. \>o] om. B ; )jan )8 ; thanue y. 

1363. hor] om. 'Qa^yd. ei]>er o]>e)-] ey}>er to oj^er B ; eij>er afiy. 
■^eue] )aue o\>ev fiy. 

1364. bileuede] bilefde a ; bileiied y8 ; byleuyd y. alne] al \>e 'Ba$y; 
alle 5. to gadere] to gedere B ; to gider j8 ; to gedyr y. in] on «. 

1365. aye^i] aye a. \>e] J)is afiy. anhonde] on houd B ; on honde a^y^. 

1366. Wende horn] WendeB ; Wende him a ; Went him /35 ; Wente hym y. 
grete] rijt gi'et fiy. 

1367. Nom] Toke fiyS. \>e erl] J?au vrl a. wane] wam B; -whfi o; 
whom ^y. 

1368. so] om. 5. 

1369. He let an] He let a Ba; lie lete a jS^S; He an A. mon\>e] 
monejj B. in] oi'Qa^y^. clupie] clepye B; clepije o ; clepy iSy ; 
calle 5. is] ys owne B. 

1370, 1371 transposed in y. 

1371. me -yut chipe\>] me clepu]? yet so B ; me clepej> jut so a; men callil) 
jit so fiy ; me clepeth jitte so 5. 

1372. yef] jaf a. i>at] i>e afiy. 

1373. seue] Jse seue a; \>e seuene fiy. 

G 2 



100 TPIE CHRONICLE OF 

& ibured was at ^ork • & J'is kinedom • 
Tennaunt is bro]?er sone • after him nom • 1375 

[60.] pat was erl of cornewaile • & ]>e erles bro]>er of kent • 
Andi'oge "pat was to rome • mid ]>e emperour iwent • 
A ugustus was emperour • after lulij of rome • 

pe triiage fram J^is lond • fram lere to zere come • 
pe kinges sone tennant • kimbel was is name • 1380 
He hukl wi)7 him at rome • Man of noble fame • 
He tef him armes & made him • knitt is owe honde • 
pis kimbel after is fader • king was of ]^is londe • 
So miiche he louede |?e emperour • ])at ]?ei he miite 

ozt . 
His truage atholde a^en • vor loue he nolde noit • 1385 
po august adde ibe emperour • tuo & fourti ter • 
He let make a descriuinge • ]>&t ido nas neuere er • 
He sende aboute is messagers • as it is i write • 
To eeh lond in to al ]>e world • a certein vor to wite • 



1374. ibured] y buryed B ; iburet o ; buried ;3y. ^ork'] Euerwyk E;8y ; 
euerw'ik o ; Euerwyc 5. ^-J and \>o 5. 

1375. Tennaunt] Temivaut {or Tenmvant) B ; Tenwanc' 5. vom] \>o 
nom a ; )>an nome ^y. 

1376. ^•\>e] & t-is afiy. 

1378. Augustus] August /Sy. of] at a ; atte jSy. 

1379. fram] bot>e of Ba5 ; of /Sy. fram yere to ^ere] eche xer a ; eclie 
jeer fiy. come] "heo nome B ; hi nome a ; }>ei nome $yS. 

1380. te7i7tant] tenwant B5. 

1381. huld] heldo; helde ySy. u-i\>] mid a. him] om. 7. 

1382. yef] jafBa. is owe] ys owne B ; mid his owe a; with his 
owen j8 ; -wyth hys owne 7. 

1 383. after] was after o. kini/ n-as] king a ; was kynge Py. \>is] 
al t»is o;8 ; alle thys 7. 

1385. atholde] with holde /Sy. ayn] a jer B ; ajer a; a jeer y3; 
ayer 7; ajere S. nolde] wolde J875. 

1 386. august] )>\s august B ; Augustus a^. ihe] be ^y. tuo] four a ; 
foure /SyS. fourti] twenti a ; twenty j375. 

1387. make] maki^e a. a] on a; one )3y. descriuinge] discryuyng a ; 
descreuynge )8 ; discreuyng 7. ido] j mad B ; imad a ; ymade 5 ; 
made ^y. nas] was fiyS. 

1388. messagers] messangers 7. 

1389. ech] eche B5. in to] in Ba5 ; of ^37. a] o oy9y. vorto] 
forte B. 



ROUEET UF GLOUCESTER. 101 

Kymhel rex. 
Hou mony ssire were in ech lond • & tonnes in eclie foi. 23 b. 

ssire • 13U0 

& hou monimen in echo toune • he was a uret sire • 
& ];at echman paide a peni • & me him )>e panes bere • 
War |)orii he wuste hou moni men • in al ]>e worlde 

were • 
«fe me made j^is descriuinge • in j^is lond as wel • 
As in eni o]7er londe • bi j^e kinges dale kimbel • 1395 
& naj^eles ine leue it noit • ]?at he ne dude it as wel 

Jeanne • 
Vor loue of ]>e j^ancs as to wite • p'e noumbre of eclie 

manne • 
Aboute ierusalem • ]>is noumbringe he bigan • [6I.] 

As in J7e middel of ]?e world • to noumbri echo man • 
pulke time vr louerd was • in bedleem ibore • 1400 ^'^^l"^ <^*t 

■V^ . . Chnstiis. 

Oi mane to saui men • )?at were arst vorlore • 
Bi kimbeles dai ]mt was king • of brutaine here • 
& in ]?e emperours august • two & fourti}?e 5 ere • 



1.390. Hou mony'] What aySyS. as'ire] scbiren B; schirene a^y ; 

schyre.s 5. cc/j] eclie Ba/37 ; euery 5. 

1391. vionhnai] muche folc a; muche folke /3y ; muche folk 5. cclu-'] 
euery 5. a] o c; of 5. sire^ desire 5. 

1392. ^-] & |>at BjSyS. panes] money B ; penyes 3 ; peynes y ; pans h. 

1393. wuste] wiste Ba ; wist fi ; wyst 7. moni] maniac a. ul] oni. y. 

1394. descriuinge] discryuyng a; descreuyuge ^; discieuynge y ; des- 
yrynge S. ]>is] J-isse a. 

1395. eni] ony fiy. date] daies 0y. kimbel] kinbel B. 

1396. ^-] Ac a; But fiy. ine leue] y leue B ; I lyue 5 ; ich nc Icue a. 
it] cm. a/Sy. he] hi o ; J-ei I3y. ne] cm, fiyS. it as] al B ; 
ase a ; as ^7. \>anne] J^eune /Sy. 

1397. panes] panewes a ; penyes ^ ; peynes 7 ; Pauegas 5. as] 0111. 5. 
cche manne] {>e menne B ; luunne a ; men ^y. 

1398. AhoutJ] So J^at aboute a/Sy. nuumbrlnye] nonibre 5. he] om. /3y 

1399. As] And S. middel] myddes B. noumbri] numbri a ; 
numbry ^ ; nombry 7 ; noumbre B. eche] echne a. 

1400. bedleem] bethleem a ; Bedlom !iy 

1401. saui] saue B/3y. men] mankun a ; mankynde jSy. were ar^l] 
arst were B ; was arst a^y. 

1402. himbeles] kinbeles B ; kvmbes /3y. was hinc/] kyng was B. 

1403. fnyrfl\'e] fourti B ; fonrty )3y ; fourtyo 5, 



102 THE CHRONICLE 

pat was icliiped octouian • in ano)7er name • 

pis emperour august • was of so gret fame • 1405 

pat vor luli ]7e emperour • ]>at biuore him was er • 

Hadde after him icluped • an monJ?e in ]>e ^er • 

pe nexte monj^e ]?erafter • }»at heruest monJ»e is • 

He let after him clupie • august iwis • 

po august adde ibe emperour • fourti ler & fiue '1410 

& wel iholde is poer • he wende out of ]>is Hue • 

Tibery is stepsone • after him com • 

pat nobliche huld is poer • & is kinedom • 
pe gywes & herodes • ]?at hore king was • 
He adauntede hard inou • & non harm it nas • 1415 
Pilatus he sende ]7uder • hor lustise to be J'ere • 
Vorto holde hom harde inou • as hii wel wrj'i were • 
& lut for al ]?an bi is dale • J^oru hor lu)7er mode • 
Hii brotte oure louerd ihesu crist • to dej^e on j^e 
rode • 

fol. 27. Givy]>er rex. 

[62.1 P^^ ^ tuenty ter emperour • he was l:)iuore is de|?e • 
& after him was gayus • vif ^er vnnej^e • 1421 



1404. icluped] callid /37. 

1405. augtist] augustus a. of] man of ojSy. 

1407. icluped] callid jSy. an] a B5 ; one a^y. in] of 5. 

1408. );>erafter] afturward B ; afterward a5 ; aftirwarde $y. 

1409. let] lete fiyS. after him clupie] clepe aftur hjTii B ; clepije after 
him a ; clepe after him 5 ; cally aftir him fiy. aur/ust] Augustus a. 

1410. autjust] Augustus a. ibe] be /Sy. fourti] fyftyBS; fifti o ; 
fifty Py. 

1411. iholde] holde fiy. \>is] om. 5. 

1412. after] J>o after 5. com] ]>o com a ; \>i\n come $y. 

1413. huld] helde a^y. if] & eke B. 

1414. J>«<] J^at ]>o 5. wax] \>o was a ; J>an was I3y. 

1416. Pilatus] Pilat/3S; Pylat y. \>uder] J'ider B ; Kodere a ; Jiedcr 
/3 ; thedyr y. 

1417. mtJ>i] wor)>iBo/3y; worJ>y 5, 

1418. J5«?i] Jjat jSyS. lu];>er] luyhei'c a. 

1419. de)pe] dye B. on] apon/87; opon o. 

Tour lines inserted in afiy. See Appendix, Note L. 
1421. vnue)>e] \>o vnnej'e a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 103 

Kymbel vi' king of j^is lond • sones adde tweie • 

Gwider & aruirag • noblemen beie • 

Gwider after is fader • king was of j^is londe • 

& Claudius emperour • after gay • ich vnder stonde • 

Ymad he was emperour • sixti ter ich wene • 1426 

After god was ibore • &; aboute an eittetene • 

& after vr louerdes de]> • seue hondi-ed lev • 

& euene eizte & nienti • rome Avas imad er • 

/gwider vr king of ]?is lond • is truage athuld sone • 

01 rome ]?at is eldore • were iwoned to done • 
Claudius ])e emperour • J^er of him gan bi se • 
pe verjje 4er j^at he adde • emperour ibe • 
Mid gret ost he wende • in to engelonde • 
In l^e contreie of souj^hamptone • hii ariuede ich vnder 
stonde • 1435 

po king gwider vnderiet • j^at hii ariuede ]?ere • 
Him ]?ou2te imete mid is ost • ar he at hom were • 



1422. tweie] twei B ; tweije a ; two ^75. 

1423. aruiray'] aruigal a ; auigal y; Anniran^ 0. noblemen beie'] )>at 
noble were beije o ; \>ni noble men were \>o fiy ; noblemen )>ey were 
bo 5. 

1425. emperour] was Emperour S. ycy] Gayus $yS. 

1427. After] Aftur hat B; After ^at aS; Aftir >at fiy. aboute] a 
bouten B. an eiytetene] ninetene a ; nyuteneySy. 

1428, 1429 omitted in a^y. 

1428. Sf] om. B5. seue] a seue B ; and seuene 5. 

1429. imad] made 5. 

1430. athuld] atheld a5 ; with helde fiy. 

1431. O/] To B5 ; Fram a/3y. eWorc] vldere a ; elders /Sy. iwoned] 
ywond B ; ywoute 5 ; wonnte /8 ; wonte y. 

1432. i>e] his a/87. .'/«" ^* se] b3'gan to se 7. 

1433. ver\>e] farj>e a ; fourt>e ^87. 

1434. Mid . . . zvende] W a grete oste he come 5. i?!. to en (/londe] 
here to his londe Ba$y ; hedir vnto hys londe 5. 

1435. In \>e contreie of] Aboute B. In] Into a/8. sou\>hamptone] 
souhhamto B. Idi] he B. ariuede] driue a; dryue ^87. 

1436. po] p'e Ba/37. vnder-^et] hit vnderiat o; hit vnderstode ^87 
vnderstode 5. 

1437. imete] long B ; longe 0/87; fulle longe 5. at hom] at hem B)3; 
hat bam a ; atte hem 7. 



104 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii mette horn togadere • mid poer inou • 
Muche folc ill e'ipev half • to gronde me sloii • 
pe king gwider more folc • slou is owe lionde • 1440 
pan muchedel of is folc • as ich vnder stonde • 
[63.] pis romeins were vor nott • ouercome atte laste • 
pat ]>e emperour mid is ost • bigan to fie vaste • 
A clieuentein ]7at was wij? him • haym was is name • 
He sei J^at hor partie • ibrott was nei to ssame • 1445 
He bi]70Zte him of felonie • & let him armi ]?ere • 
Mid amies of brutons • as he of ]ns lond were • 
He siwede ope |?e romeins • mid J^e brutons so vaste • 
pat oiire king him louede wel • &5 is lierte al vpe him 
caste • 

Aruiragus Tex. 
fol. 27 b. He spac engliss vor he was • at rome inorssed biiiore • 
Mid ostages of ]ns lond • me leued him J>e bet biuore • 



1438. inou] gret ynou a ; gret ynouj /8 ; grete yuouli y. 

1439. in'\ on 5. ei\>er'\ eyjje B. to yronde] to J^e grouude 5. 
me] \>o me a ; Jjan men fiy. 

1440. is owe honde] ich vnderstoude a; I vnderstonde ^y. 

1441. paw] pane a. folc] ost BaySy ; oste 5. as ich vnderstonde] 
mid his owe honde a ; with his owen houde /By. 

1442. vor no-^t] for uo^t B; for voute a; for foujt /8 ; forfought y. 
ouercome] & ouercome ay ; & ouercomen j8. 

1443. \>e] \>\s al3y. viid] & S. 

1444. A] O 0/87. ]>at] )>er BS. 

1445. sei] sawe I3y. hor] heore B. p/irlic] partiie a. ibroyt 
was we/] wrojt was ney B ; was uyje broujt 5. 

1446. him] am. a. of felonie] one felonije a ; on velonye/87. armi] 
arme B. 

1448. ope . . . brutons] myd j^e brytones vp he romaynes B ; mid ^e 
brutons ope t>e romaius a ; he Brutons vpoii >e Romayns fiy ; w' he 
Bretons vpon he romayns 5. 

1449. wel] om. B. al] om. y, vpe] to afiyS. 

14.')0. spac] spek B; spake 5. e7i(/liss] bruton a ; Bruton/By; Breton 5. 

i7iorssed] ynorisched Ba ; norisched j3 ; norysched yS. 
1431. ostaves] ostage Ba^y. \>is] ]>hsc a. Icaed] lefde a; louede 

B ; loucd 5. \>c bet biuore] he bet her fore B ; he bcttre her fore 5 ; 

her fore o ; he more By, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 105 

He was eiiere oure kinge next • & atte laste he adrou • 
His swerd ar me were iwar • & oure king aslou • 
per was tricherie inou • vor no rnon ne niai bet do • 
Gile ano]'er |^an ]?ulke • ]>at he truste mest to • 1455 
To his felawes he wende anon • & bed horn hardi be • 
So ]?at J?e brutons were • vpe J^e pointe to fle • 
Aruirag vr kinges broj^er • wende vor]? anon j^ere • 
ki dude him on |>e kinges amies • he im sulf as it 

were • 
He lei> on is stede &; siwede • & slou vaste is fon • 
& )?e brutons wi|> him vor hii wende • it were . ]>g 

king echon • 14G1 

Hii were alle ])0 so hardi • & J^at folc slowe so vaste • [^^-J 
pat j?e emperour bigan to fle • mid is folc atte laste • 
To scipes & in to ]>e se • mid wrechede inou • 
Ac ]>e lu]?er haym & is folc • toward wode drou • 



1452. ourel ur B. 7ie.vt'] nex B. <^-] ac a ; but Py. atte'] at 
>e aff ; atte the y. adrou'] drow B. 

1453. ar me] ar he Ba ; or he ^y. . trere iwar] ware warre $y ; were 
ware 5. aslou] so slow B ; he slou o ; he slouj ^y ; slouj 5. 

1454. per] pat afiy. tricherie iuou] trichcrije ynou a; tresoiii ywrought 
S. ne] om. a$yS. inai] mj^^t I3y ; may hit 5. bet] bettre 5. 

1455. Gile] Begyle 5. aiio\>er] on ol^er a. \>a7i] hane a. \>ulke] 
\>e iike 0y. truste mest] truste)> most B ; trist mest o ; tru.st most 0y ; 
moste trust 5. 

1456. bed] bad BajSy. 

1457. vpe] vp B ; opon a ; vppon jS-y. to] for to a0y. 

1458. Aruirag] Annirag 5. vr] oure B; ]^e afiy. anoji] ]io o; 
Jiau /By. 

1459. dude^ ded 5. him on] on Ba5 ; on him fiy. he im sulf] hym 
self B ; him sulf a ; him self fiy. 

1460. He lep] And lepte B ; He lepe fiy. siwede] swede a. i^aste] 
om. afiy. 

1461. wi\> him vor hii] om. a$y ; J^o w' him l^ey 5. it] J>at it B ; J>at 
he afiy ; he 5. echon] oon fi (a correction). 

1462. alle \>o so] alle so ay; also /3 ; )>o al so 5. hardi] hardiie o ; 
harde B. 

1463. folc] power a0y ; cste 5. atte] at t>e a. 

1464. scipes] schyppe 5. iiito] to a/Sy. wrechede] wrechede hed B ; 
wrecchedhed Py. 

1465. §•] with B^yS ; mid a. wode] |>e wode hym B5 ; \>e wode oy 
l)e woode /3. 



106 THE CHRONICLE OF 

de South Aruiraff him siwede • & to grounde slou • 
hamtone. . ... i i i i i -i 

Atte laste is tricnerie • wel lute he bilou • 

He of tok him at an hauene • & slou him v'lit j^ere • 

Lute harm j^ei trichors • so alle iserued were • 

pe hauene ]yev he was aslawe • after haym is name iwis • 

Haymtone was icluped • as he tut icluped is • 1471 

Vor sou]?hamtone he is icluped • & wor]? euere mo • 

In J?is manere ])e brutons • |?is lond wuste ]>o • 

piaudius J?e emperour • nolde nott tut bileue • 

^ef he com mid is ost • in to ]>is lond weue • 1475 

Aruirag at winchestre • mid is men was echon • 

Wi]? is poer ]>e emperour • biseged him anon • 

Aruirag greij'ed him • & is folc aboute • 

&; wende vor]> to tiue him • bataile wi]70ute • 



1466. Ariii?-a(/'] Armirag 5. grounde] the grounde 7. slou] 
euer slow^ B ; euere slou a ; him slou^ /8 ; hym slough y ; euere slouj 5. 

1467. Atte] At l^e a ; Atte ];>& fiy. wel] om. 5. lute'] luite a; 
lutel B ; lytel 7; litil S. he] he hit a^y. bilou] by low; B ; 
bilou) /3 ; bylough 7 ; by lou^ S. 

1468. of tok] ouer tok B; ouer toke PyS. at tni] at one a ; atte 
\>e&y. 

1469. Lute] Lutel B ; Litel j8 ; Lytel 7 ; Litil S. hei] J'ou^ alle S. 
trichors] tricherus B ; trechours $y ; Traytours 5. alle] om. S- 
iserued] serued fiyS. 

1470. aslaive] yslawe B ; slawe $y ; slayn 5. haym is] haymus a ; 
haymes fiy. 

1471. Haymtone] HamptoneBa; Hamptoii ^37. loas icluped] iclepcd 
was a; callyd hit was;87; hit was callyd 5, he yut icluped] he 
icleped ■^ut a ; hit ■^it callid fiy ; jytte callyd 5. 

1472. Vor] om. fiy. he is icluped . . . 7710] \>eT for callid is & so hit 
schal for ever mo $y. he is] hit ys 5. worY] worj^e a; schal S. 

1473. In] On afiy. wuste] wiste B ; werede o; warred ^87; kepte S. 

1474. nMe . . . bileue] wolde nou^t ^it his malese bileue Py. 

1475. ■^e/] Eft sone Ba;87; Efte sone S. com] gan B; cam o; 
came Py ; gon 5. iri to ]pis lond icene] J>is lond to bireue afiy. iveue] 
wefe 5. 

1476. Ai-xiira(f] Armirag 5. was] om. ^37; were S. 

1477. WiV • • • a"on] To bisegi him harinne claudius Jjuderward drou 
anon a ; To bisege him J^cr Inne Claudius ^edirwarde drou% anone fiy. 
hisc(fcd] bisegede B. 

1478. Aruira;/] Armirag 5. </rcii>ed him] him grei)>ede a ; him grahed 
07 ; arayde him 5. is] alle his Py. folc] men hym 5. 

1479. wende] wendeb B. to yue] to ^enst a; a^enst &y. bataile] 
to xeue bataile a ; to ^eue him bataile &y. 



[65.] 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 107 

Aruiragus rex • qid desponsauit filiam im^peratoris • 
Claudii. 
po he com outward wi]? is folc • |)e emperour atstod • fol. 28 
& di'adde is hardiesse • & J^otte it nas nott god • 
To don is lif an aunter • & is men al so • 
He ]70tte to speke of acord • tif it miite be ido • 
To \q king he sende word • J^at he ssolde him bise • 
& make fourme of acord • tif it mi^te so be • 1485 
Vor wanne hii adde al ifotte • & hor lif anauntre ido • 
& hor folc aslawe in ei]7er side • & peraunter horn sulf 

al so • 
Al vor a lute coueitise • \e bi^ete were J>anne lute • 
Betere hit were acordi • & bileue hor j)rute • 
Vor he was so god kni^t • & al so so noble king • 
He bed vor to ^iue him • is doiter in spousi[n]g • 
pe nobloste damaisele • J?at was in eni londe • 
& to spousy ]?e emperours dotter • hit nere him no 

ssonde • 



1480. atstod'] with stocl Ba ; •« ithstode ^y ; w' stocle S. 

1481. dradde] dredde B. is] of hys B-y; of his a)35. hardiesse] 
hardinesse a/8 ; hardynesse ByS. nas] was B/SyS. 

1482. don] do B; putte 5. an aunter] on auatre a^y; in aneuture 5. 

1483. \>o-yte to speke] t>on^te te speke B ; hoiite speken a. ido] so 
oyS-y ; do S. 

1484. bise] be se B ; yse fiy. 

1485. make] niaki^e a. fourme of] a forme of B8; ferme ;8y. yif] 
as Ba;875. so] best Ba)3y5. 

1486. anauntre] on auntre a^y, in auenture 5. 

1487. §• hor folc . . . side] In ei>er side folc (folke ^y') aslawe afiy. 
aslawe in ei\>er side] slawe on ey^er syde B ; perauenture yslawe S. 
peraunter horn sulf] perauenture him sulf (self 7) aySy; hem selue 
perauenture S. 

1488. Al] And al 5. lute] Intel B ; litel a/8; lytel 7; lytil S. biycte] 
wynnynge fiy. were] war B. lute] luite a ; lite Py ; fid lyte 5. 

1489. acordi] to acorde 5; acorded beo a; acordid be fiy. hor] 
heore B. prute] pruite a ; prite ^37. 

1490. k7iiyt] a knyght 5. al so so] al so afiy. king] a kynge 5. 

1491. bed] beod B ; bede /S7; profred S. yiue] jeuen a. 

1492. nobloste damaisele] nobleste damesel B; noblestc dammeselea- 
uobelest damysel j8 ; nobelest damesel 7 ; noblest & fairest ladye S. 

1493. §-] om. afiy. to spousy] to spouse 'Bfiy ; forto wedde 6. hit . 
ssonde] to hym it were no schonde 5. nere] were ^y. 



108 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor wat he bere is truage • as ri^t were to rome • 

As alle oj^ere kinges dude • & is eldore ilome • 1495 

pe king vor his heie herte • anon it wi]? seide • 

Ac naj^eles is conseil • him gan j^er to rede • 

& sede J'at it was to him • gret prou & honour • 

To be in such mariage • alied to ]?e emperour • 

pe heiest prince of al ]'e world • & j^e maide so noble 

al so . 1500 

& ]?at it ncre him no ssame • his truage to do • 
[66.] To ]>e noble stude of rome • wanne J?e o]7er kinges 

echon • 
Hit dude ]?oru al ]:'e world • & in so noble fourme non • 
pe king ]?ei he hautein were • ches ]>e beste won • 
&i vnderstond is conseil • so ]?at hii were at on • 1505 
pat he bere is truage • as oj^ere dude to rome • 
& ]?at he ]>e emperoures dorter • in spoushod nome • 
pis maide was to londe ibroit • of so noble gentrise • 
Vairor wommon nas ]>o non • ihote heo was gewise • 



1494. Vor wat'] To whom 5. were'] was 0^875. 

1495. eldore] eldren Jifiy ; vlderne a; elderne 5. Home'] lome 8. 

1497. 7ia\>eJes] noheles B. 

1498. it] his ;8 ; hys 7. 

1499. be] ben ajSy. such] swiche a. alietJ] aleyed 7. 

1500. heiest] hexte Ba ; higlicst 7. o/'«/] of Ba/3y. 
1500-1503. ^ \>e maide . . . ivorld] 0111.7. 

1501. nere] were 187. 

1502. ^c v]>vr] oh>er B. 

1503. ^•] ac a. 

1504. \>c kin;/ \>ei] Al J^ou) /3 ; Alio thouh 7. hautein] haunteyn S. 
dies] he chcse ^y. 

1505. vnderstond] vaderstod Ba. 

1506. here] bar a. 

150". in spoushod] in spoushed |nis B ; )nis in spousliud a ; Jnis iu sposc- 
hede j3 ; thus in spousede 7 ; in spousyiige \>\is 5. 

1508. pis] pat Ba)375. maide] fressche may 8. ihroyt] broujt /87. 
ijcntrise] genitrise a. 

1509. Vairor wommon] Fairer wimman o; Fairer woman )3 ; Faire 
woman 7; A fayrcr kidy 6. nas Jw] was J^au ^y; was J'ere 6. 
gewise] lewise 187. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 109 

Impevator Claudius. Aruiragiis rex. 

At a lute toun |?at was )?o«bi este walls* 1510 fol. 28 b. 

pat vpe seiierne stod • ispoused hii were iwis • 

pe king loiiede is wif anon • so purliclie & so vaste • 

pat al is herte onliche • on hire on he caste • 

Vor honur of ]>e mariage • ]?e emperour & he • 

pere as heo was ispoused • rerde a gret cite • 1515 

& after J?e emperoures name • ]?at claudius was • 

He let J^is cite clupie • claucestre vor ]>is cas • 

& \>e emperour bitet su)7]?e • in ]?ulke toun bicas • 

An sone )?at me clupede glou • ]7at gret man suj;]7e was • 

& hei due of al |>ulke stude • he clupede ]>en toun rg- -j 

iwis • 1520 

After his name gloucestre • as he tut icluped is • Gloucestria 

Aboute foure & twenty ter .as j^is clerkes vnderstode • edmcatur. 
After ]?at oure louerd was • idon on ])e rode • 
Gloucestre J^oru j^e emperour • verst )>us arerd was • 
& souJ>hamptone ]?er bivore • le abbe]> ihurd J>at cas • 



1010. a lute'] o lute a- one litul /Sy. walls] in walis a^y. 

1011, vpe] ope a; vppon Py. ispoused] ywedded 5. 

1512. I'OSte] faste apy. 

1513. onliche] outliche B ; outturly 5. on he] one he BaySy. 

1514. Vor] For the y. 

1515. \>ere . . . gret] Eerde as heo yspoused was a swyj^e fair B ; Arerde 
^er heo ispoused was one grete a ; Arered j'er sche spoused was one 
grete By ; Arered j^ere as sche wedded was a grete & a fayre 5. 

1516. Sf] om 5. \>at claudius] claudius J^at ajSy. 

1517. He] HeoB ; They 5. \)is cite clupie] J>is jjiscite clupie A; ^e cite 
clepe B ; \>Q cite clepi^e a ; J>e citee calle ^y ; clepe hit 5. clau- 
cestre] Gloucestre y ; Claucetre 5. \>is] \>is same S. 

1518. ^•] om. a/Sy. billet'] bijat a^y. 

1519. An] A BySy ; Anne a. me clupede] men callid fiy. yret man] 
a grete lord 5. 

1520. §•] An B ; & on a ; And a I3y. al] om. ajBy. ]'ulke] J^at E5. 
stude] stode 5. clupede] callid 0y. i>e7i] \>at BS ; \>e a0y. 

1521. he] hit;37; it 5. icluped] called /Sy. 

1 522. Joure] a foure 5. \>is] om. a/Sy. 

1523. idon on] y do on B ; idon op on a ; don vppon $y, 

1524. \>us] om. S. 

1525. ye abbe\> ihurd] je haue yhard /3 ; ye haue hardy; as je haue 
herde 5. \>at] \>e a^yS. 



110 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Sanctus Seinte peter per biuore • so muche so it were • 1526 
Petrus. p^^^^ ^^^ ^^ rome verst • cristendom to lere • 
Marcus. & sende seint Marc j^e ewangelist • in to egypt vor to 
preche • 
pen gospel ]?at he adde imaked • & cristendom to teche • 
Conuersio Seint poul ek ]7ulke time • to cristendom wende • 1530 
Dyonisius. Seint denis & monye o]?er • as oure louerd aboute him 
sende • 
Seinte peter vif & twenti lev • pope bileuede so • 
Vorte it was ])e laste ter • of J^e emperour nero • 
po ]>e emperour adde in );is lond • is wille ido inou • 
He let ])Q king al iwor]7e • &l to rome a^en drou .1535 
pe king let diite ]>o )>is lond • nobliche wi)? alle • 
&L let bulde vp grete tonnes • ]?at were ney adoun 

ivalle • 
po Claudius ]?e emperour • to is ende was ido • 
After him was emperour • ])e lujjer man nero • 

fol. 29. Imperator Nero. Aruiragus rex. 

prettene ter & an half'& J?at was longe inou. 1540 
petriis & Vor seinte peter & seinte poul • in his laste ^er he slou • 

paulus 



occisi. 



1526. so it} as hit a^y ; as it S. 

1527. af] of S. 

1528. 171 to] to a/Sy. for] om. fiy. to'] om. a. 

1529. pe?!^ e BafiyS. imaked] ymad Ba ; ymade 5 ; made fiy. 

1530. we7tde] so wende a; so went j8 ; so wente y. 

1531. denis] Uionj'S ^Sy. mo7iye]mamye a. aboute htin] ohontehimB ; 
ham a ; hem &y ; hem abowte S. sende] semde B ; sent j85 ; sente y. 

1532. bileuede] bilefde a; lyuedySy. 

1533. Vorte] Forto B ; Vort a ; Vn to ^y. 

1534. po] om. a^y. adde iii \>is lond] in J^is loud hadde B. is wille 
ido] idon his wille a ; d.on his wille fiy. 

1535. He let . . . iwor\>e] And )>e kynge ywor^'e lete 0y. al iwo7-];>e] 
y wort>e a ; alle worthe 5. 

1536. let] om. Ba&yS. diyte Jpo] di)t J>an fiy. ?r/>] mid a. 

1537. 8f] He B. vp] om. afiyS. adou7i] dou 5 ; om.a^y. ivalle] 
falle B ; afalle a/87 ; yfalle S. 

1539. )?e] J)at fiy. lui>er] luij^er a ; wycked S. 

1540. i>rette7ie] Jrottene B. a?t] on a; a fiy. 

1541. Vor] And Bafiyd. his] ))e ^y ; om. o. hisle] lafte B. he] 
oin. a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. Ill 

He bicom sone l^er after • pur gidy &5 wod • 

& vor he was in is moder wombe as he vnderstod • 

He totte he wolde wite &; ise • hou vair be chamber were • ^^«^™. 

' occidit 

War inne he was ikenede • ar is moder him bere • matrem. 

His moder he let queUe anon • vor to se wij^mne • 

Hou vair ]7e inewarde was • ]?at he kened was inne • 

po is moder aslawe was • me blamed him J^eruore • 

& sede ];at heo him bo^te dere • ar he were ibore • 

^e is it qua]? he so strong • mid childe to be bi- 

stonde • 1550 

Bi J?e fei |?at ich owe to mahoun • j^at soj^e ichoUe fonde • Nero voluit 

His fisicians he clupede • & suor is o]? anon • \.^^J_ 

Bote hii made him mid childe • he wolde hom sle echon • 

Hii bispeke hom bitwene • & J?en de]> vor to fle • 

Hii leue him an quointe drench • mid childe vor to be • 



1542. He"] And S. gidy"] gudy a. 

1543. Sfl om. Ba/375. was in is moder womhe] in his modir wombe was 
/By. »(] on a. 

1544. wite ^ z'se] wyte & se B/Sy ; ywite & iseo a. 

1545. ikenede] & kenede B ; ikened a; kennede fiy; ykenned 5. 

1546. se] se hir 5. 

1547. ]>e inewarde was'] was J^at Ineward a; was \>e Inwarde fiy; 
l^at ynwarde Avas 5. kened was] kenede Ba ; kenned fiy ; was 
kennyd S. 

1548. aslawe] yslaw B; yslayu S; slayn fiy. blamed] blamede Ba. 

1549. )?al] om. a^SyS. him bo^yte] bo^te hym B ; bou^te him a ; bou^t 
him 375. dere] dure j^nou o ; dere yuouj /Sy ; dere yuow 5. ar] 
er B ; ere l^at S. ibore] bore 5. 

1550. qua^ he so strong] so hard quod he fiy. bistonde] stoude B ; 
astounde S ; bound e fiy. 

1551. /e/] fait'e ^ ; feyth 7 ; feith 5. to] om. Ba. mahoun] 

mahone B ; mahun a. ];>at] fje BS. icholle] ich wol B ; ich wole 

o ; wol I Py ; wil I 5. 

1552. he clupede] he clepede he clepede a ; he callid 0y. 

1553. made him] maden hym B ; him made affy. echo7i] anone S. 

1554. Omitted in ^y. Hii . . . bitwene] Hi bispeke bitwene ham o ; 
They speken }>o to gedir 5 . \>en de]>] J^e de}> B ; )jane de)j a ; J>oujteu 5. 

1555. Instead of this line ^y have: 

Thei gaue him a drinke : to haue childe & so he bare 
Thurgh here crafte )>at ^ei dide : to saue here lyfes J^are. 
1555. Hii] pei B ; And a ; Bot J^ey 5. -ycue] ^euen B. aii] a B5 ; 
o a. quointe] koynte B ; quinte a. 



in vrbe 
roma. 



112 THE CHRONICLE OF 

His wombe bigan to greti • & euere J?e leng ]>e 

more • 

So longe ]?at it jjotte strong • his wombe ok wel 

sore • 

He clupede is fisicians • & suor gret o]^ anon • 

Bote hii made him bere child • he wolde hom honge 

echon • 

[69.] Hii teue him ano]>er drench • to abbe child ]^er • 15G0 

^ero gQ |,at atte laste • a sori child he ber • 

lanamaqua Vor ]?o it alles com vor]> • it was a foul frogge • 

paiac[ium] y^j, gode me binkb lute harm • bei it adde ibe a 
lateran- ° f r r 

en[se] dogge • 

^ut ]?is gidie wrecche • louede ])is foule best • 

As wommon de]> hire child • alle ]^ing mest • 1565 

& let hit rere a noble court • mid gret quointise & 

ginne • 
At ]>e on ende of rome • to norssi ]>e ssrewe j^er inne • 



1556-1561 omitted in fiy. 

1556. greW] grete B ; yrex grete 5. e«e;-e \>e'\ euere so o. /t'?j(/] 
lenger B5. ]f>e more] so more a. 

1557. it\ hym B ; him a5. \>oyt.e stromi'] }>ought_ stronge 5. oA] 
ook S. 

155S. fisicians] phisicieus \>o a. o\>] om. B. 

1559. Bote] Bot yf S. rnade him] him made a. child] a chyde S. 
Aom honyc] lete honge hem 7. 

1560, 1. \>er . . . child] om. a. 

1560. Hii] pe B. «?io)3cr] on ojjer a. 

1501. Jjai] om. S. /y«-] bar a. 

1562. Vol- . . . i'orJ>] But when hit forj^e come /Sy. \>o] om. B. 
co/H ?;o?-J)] for)' com a. «] o a ; om. S. 

1563. For . . . ]>ink\>] Vor gode hit was a; For trewlj' hit was 0y ; For- 
southe hit hadde S. lute] litel B^Sy ; lite a ; lyte S. ))£('] ))Ouj ^Sy. 
arWe ?"ie] had be S ; were ajBy. 

1504. yidie] gredi B ; gudije a; gyde 7. 

15G5. wommon deh] doJ> wimman a; do)? womman ^87; a womman doth 5. 

alle i>inf/] of alle (al j85) ^jinge ajSyS. 
1566. let] late /87. /<(<] hym B; him ajByS. rere] arere 5. gret] 

om. S. 
1507. i>e] jjan o; Jiat J875. vorssi] norische B^7 ; norischi o. \>e] 

t>at a/37. W*" inne] inne Bo/Sy. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 113 

& clupede laterane • after ]>e frogge iwis • 
Vor in ])o langage of rome • rane a frogge is • 

Imperator Vesjxisianus. Domicianus Imiperatov. 
So is ]>c, sfcude icluped nou • & eiiere wor]> wor ]?isfol.29b, 

cas • 1570 

Fable was ]>& godfader • after warn pe name was • 
pe verste churclie j'at me let • in J>e world rere • 
Seint lones de lateran • me rerde sup'l^e ];ere • 
pat stont 2ute & heued eliurehe • of al cristendom • is^« 
Ac betere chef J^er is now • j^an ]>e frogge was iwis • 
SuJ^J^e l^e lu|?er emperour • In is licrte adde loye • 
To ]?enche of fure |?at was • in ]>e bataile of troye • 
po me barnde grete tonnes • & courtes day & niit • 
& J'otte it was murie loie • to se so vair litt • 
pe gidie wrecche let sette • ]?e toun of rome a fure • [to.] 

To abbe game of ]'at lilt • ]>e wile it wblde dure • 



1568. clupedej callid $y. lateratie'] he court laterane Ba ; hat court 
laterane Py ; hit coui't Lateran 5. 

1569. See Appendix, Note M. 

1570. is \>e stiide'l \>e stude a ; he stede is 0y. hf] hat B. icluped 
mom] icleped jut a ; callid jit ^y. iror]> wor h's] worh for hat B ; 
worh for his a ; wil for his fiy ; schal for his 5. 

1571. warn'] wbam a ; ■whom /Sy. 

1572. he world'] ho load B. ?-ere] arere afiyS. 

1573. Jones'] lou a5 ; lohn /By. de] he B/3 ; om. 7. rerde] rerede 
B ; arerde a ; arere d fiy. 

1574. sto7it] stoud Ba; stondeh /85 ; stondyth y. 8f heued] & hefd a ; 
an heued fiyS. of] hat of B. is] hit is /Sy. 

1575. Ac] A 5. betere] a beter B. 

1576. In is herte adde] hadde in his herte B/Sy ; hadde on his herte a ; had 
in his hert S. 

1577. of] on B ; on he S. fure] fiiire a. z'w] at 5. 

1578. barnde] brenncde ^ ; brennyd 78. covrtes] countrayes ^37. 

1579. §^] He fiy. murie] a merye 5; muche 0^87. //j<] a lyjt B ; 
a lijt 0)87. 

1580. gidie] gudije a ; gedy 7. )>e] haue a. a fure] on fuyre B ; 
afuire a ; on fyre ^y. 

1581. \>at] he B. wolde] myjte B. dare] duire a ; dyre ^7 ; 
enduyre 5. 



' In blacker ink. 



114 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po wende vorj? ]>e toun folc • as hii moste nede • 
& nolde namore )?olie ]^an ssrewe • among liom a wede • 
& slowe \>o ]>e ssrewe • in vile de]> inow • 
& J7US ^ hira vel vrecche of god • vor he ]>e apostles slou • 
TTaspasyan 'pe emperour • after nero com • 1586 

pat betere man was ];an he • & ne worrede nott 

cristendom • 
pe gywes he worrede inou • & bro^te horn verst to 

notte • 
Vor as muche as J?e luj^ermen • vr loiierd to de]?e brotte • 
Vor he & titus is sone • of vr louerd vnderstode •1590 
Vom"ty ter after • ]?at he deide on ]?e rode • 
& wende to ierusalem • & 'pen toun velde to gronde • 
& slowe ]>e Iviper gywes • alle ];at hii founde • 
Bote a ssipuol per of scapede • psA were to fale ywis • 
"War of com }?at luj'er brod • Jjat among men ^ut is • 



1582. tcendel wenten S. 

1583. nolde namore'] nolde nomore B ; nolde namore o ; wolde no more 
fiy ; wolden no more 5. \>olie'} ]>o\[ye a ;'>ole jSy ; suffre B5. )>aw] 
t)ane a ; t>e B ; J^at fiyB. among honi] so afiy ; om. 5. a tvede"] 
■wede B ; a weed Py. 

1584. slowe'] slowen a. \>o] om. HafiyS. i>e] J>ane vlke a ; >at like I3y. 
in"] on a^y. vile] fyl B. 

1585. vel] added above the line in A ; fel. B ; om. a0yS. vrecche of] 
wrechede a ; wreched Py ; awreked S, apostles] apostle B; apostil S. 

1586. com] )>anne com ay ; J^an come 0y. 

1587. ne] om. S. worrede] werred &y. 

1588. pe] On \>e $y; Vpon l^e 5. he worrede] aworrede a ; he werred 
Py. 

1589. as muche as \>e] ase muche i>e a ; as )>o fiy. Iu\ierme7i] luj>ere 
men a. 

1591. after] J^er after aS. deide] deijedea; was don 5. 

1592. §• wende] Hi wenden a ; Thei went Py ; They wenten 5. \>en 
toun velde] fellyd ^at ton 5. i>en] |>at B ; \>e o-^y. velde] fulde a ; 
felde /3 ; felle 7. 

1593. lu\>er] luj?ere o. 

1594. a] o a/37. \>er of] om. 0^875. scapede] a scapede BS ; at 
Ecapede o ; askapid fiy. were] was ^37. fale] fele B ; manj 
/375. 

1505. \>at] be Ba)375. among men ^ut] jit amouge men S. 

1 MS. }>ul. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 115 

Ten ^er vaspasian • Emperour was J?o • 1596 

& titus is sone after him • tuo ^er & nanmo • 
F\omician tytusus broj^er • emperour ]70 was • 
Viftene ^er after him • no more ssrewe nas • 

Nqtvm imperator. Adrianus Imperator. Antoninus foi. 30. 

Imperator. 
Vor he worrede cristendom • as ]>e hiper nero • 1600 C'l] 
& let martri seint denis • & moni o|jere al so • 
XJ^erua was bo emperour • a ter & somdel more • 

-L^ m • /"i 1 • /♦ J. 1 Troianus 

iraian com alter him • mon 01 grete lore • imperator 

Nientene ter & an half • emperour he was • lustus & 

pe nobloste J^at miite be • bote J>at he cristine nas • 
So ri^tuol he was |?at J»o he adde • an dede him sulf 

ydo . 1606 

pat aien is lawes was • & is sone al so • 
Vor woch dede a man ssolde • J>at is adde iwrott • 
Lese is on eye & he him sulf • ne sparde him sulue 

no^t • 



1597. titus is sowe] his sone titus a^yS. after him tuo ^er] ten jer after 
him a ; ten ^eer aftir him jSy. tuol ten B5. ?«a?«mo] no mo 61878. 

1598. tytusus'] tj'tus B ; titus a^yS. 

1599. 710 more ssrewel a more schrewe Jjere 5. nasi ^^^ ^^^ -^* 
IGOO. worrede] worred on 5. cristendom'] vppou cristendom fiy. as] 

as ded S. lu\>er] luj^ere « ; wycked 5. nero] man Nero fiy. 

1601. martri] martir afiy. seint] seyn B. moni] mani^e a. 

1 602. Nerua] A Nerua B. was \>o] >an was afiy ; was 5, a] o 
0)878. 

1604. ^] cm. S. an] on a ; a 7. he] J^an he ^87. 

1605. nobloste] noblest B ; nobleste a ■ noblist man ^37. be] om. B. 
\>at . . . nas] cristene (cristen 78) J^at he nas 078 ; cristen \>&t he was fi. 

1606. he was] ora. 0/87. J)o] J'an (or wan) B ; bouj /3; thouh 7. he] 
om. a. an] a B. an . . . ydo] him sulf o dede ido a ; him self 
o dede ydo 187 ; him self a dede ydo 8. 

1607. lawes] lawe 0)878. 

1608. woch] such B ; whiche 0)8 ; wheclie 7. o] o a. is] \>is B ; 
hit a/37. 

1609. Lese is on eye] Luse his on ei^ea; Lose his owen eye/37; Lese 
Jjerfore his on ere 8. §• he him sulf] he 0/378. sparde] sparede 
)3a ; spared ^y^. sulue] self B/378 ; sulf a. 

H 2 



110 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ac let 25ulte out is owe eye • & is sones al so • 1610 
Vol vewe kinges me suc}> • |?at it wolde do • 
>;o;a. per iiore seint gregori • J^o he alonde was • 

More J>an vif hundred ^er . after ]>is rittuol cas • 

pat a such mon ssolde in helle be • he carede in is 

]>o^te • 
pe soule }>oru godes grace • out of helle he brotte • 
& to is bodi is ioinede • & tef him cristendom • 1616 
Ware wi]^ as he wor]7e was • to J^e ioye of heuene com • 
t^--^ A ^^'^^^^ co^^^ I'O next • & tuenti zer & on • 

After him emperour he was • of gywes ne louede 

he non • 

pe boru of ierusalem • he let somdel at en rere • 1620 

pat vaspasyan velde adoun • ]>o he slou Ipe gywes )>ere • 

Ac he nolde J>e gywes leue tiue • uor no ]?ing J7at hii 

mi^te • 
pat hii moste of ]>e boru • enes abbe an siite • 



1610. Ac'] Bute E. pulte] put /3 ; putte 75. oive] own B; om. 0/875. 

1611. VoFj Wei Ba5 ; Rijt ^y. sucV] sy)> B ; see}' /SyS. 

1612. seint'] sej'u B. alonde] o londe B; on londe o; on \>\s 
londe By. 

1G14. a such mon] such a nion B ; SAvich a; swich one j8 ; swech one y. 
in is] on his a. 

1616. is] om. 0)875 (after hodi). ioinede] loyned B;87. yef] )af o; 
^aue ^y. 

1617. Ware wi\>] Whar l>oru o; Whare l>rurgh )8 ; Whare thoiugh 7 ; 
Whare Irouj 5. M»orJ>e] worjji ^^y. \>e ioye] blisse B. com] 
he com a ; he come ^y^. 

1619. After . . , was] Amperour (Eniperoure 5) Mas after him aS ; Em- 
perour was aftir him ^y. oj f/i/wen] gywes a ; Jewes /8 ne] 
om. 5. 

1620. rere] arere u5. 

1621. velde] fulde o. 

1622. Ac , . . yue] Bot he noght jeue leue 5. nolde] wolde ;87, J>e 
</i/tves . . . mi-^te] for no J>ing ^eue leue j^at hi mijte a; for no \>inge 
jiue leeue J>at J^ei mi^t 0y. 

1623. pat hii moste] Ne J^at hi moste o; No j^at J^ei most $y. hii] J>eB. 
moste] myght 5. \>c boru] Jjare boru a ; J)at Burgh Py ; her borogh 5. 
enes abbe] cues habbe a ; ones haue fiy ; ouys haue 5. an] a B5 
a ; on /3 ; one 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 117 

He dude horn ssame ynou • »fe temprede horn vol wel • 
& made horn sone milde ynou • ]70 hii were rebel • 
A Ntoyn was ]?o emperour • & tuenti ^er & tuo • 161G 

& after liim tueye bre);eren • in p>e aumperye were 
ydo . 
Marcus • & aurelius • nientene ter hii were • 
Ciistendom by hor daye • me gan vaste lere • 
Vor cleutherie a god mon • was ]>o pope of rome* 1G30 fol. so b. 
poru wan verst cristenmen • to engelond come • 
Icholle ion sone telle hou • as ich vnder stonde • 
t& telle after J>is emperours • of kinges of j^is londe • 
A fter king aruirag • of wan we abbe]? itold • 

Marin is sone was king • quoyntemon & bold • 1035 
& is sone was after him • coyl was is name • 
Bo|5e it were quoyntemen • & of noble fame • 
& hor truage dude to romc • as hom ]?ou2te hii atte do • ["3.] 
Vor }>er nas non so noble prince • J>at ne dude al so • 



1624. He] Ac he a ; But he /3-y ; Bot he 5. dude] dide $y. vol] 

om. 5. 

1626. A7itoi/7i] Autonin Ba5 ; Antonius /3y. Sf lucnti] tweiUi 
Baj87. 

1627. tueye] tweijc a; twei B; two ^y. aumperye] amperi^u a; 
emperie BjSy. 

1628. hii] hui a. 

1629. me gan vaste lere] faste (fast S) lue gan arere aS ; fast men gan 
arere ^y. ffctn] by gan B. 

1630. eleutherie] eleutbere B. a] o a^y. icas );>o] \>o was 5. 

1631. wan^ warn B ; wha a ; wham 5; whom ^y. verst cristeiimcji] 
cristendom first ^y. cristenmen'] cristendom o; ciistendome 5. 
to] in to B ; vnto 5. tu cnyclond come] in bruteyne men her noma 
o ; in Brutayne men here nome fiy. 

1632. "yOu sone] sone B; sone cu a; soonc )ow fiy; cftsone 5. 

1633. emperours] Emperoure S. 

1634. /"".'/] J>e king a; J^e kynge ^yZ. ivan] warn B; wha n; whom 
jSyS. abbe])] habbeh Bo; haue /SyS. 

163.5. Marin~] Mariiis B ; Manrius o.^y^. 
163C. was] om. afiy. 

1637. Bo\>e'] Bei^e a. it were] )^ei were fi-vB. 

1638. hor-] om. a^yS. hom \>ouyte hii axtc] hem a^,te to B ; hem jiiu^t 
hem aujt to /3-y; hey owght for to 5. 

1639. nas] was &. non so] nower so B ; m \>q world 5. ne] J>ei jSy . 
it ne 5. al so] so B. 



118 THE CHEONICLE OF 

T ucie colyes sone • after him king was • 1640 

Vor as me may to soj^e segge • biuore him no 
betere nas • 
Vor he hurde ofte telle • of miracles ]?at Come • 
poru cristen men wide aboute • as wel as at rome • 
He wilnede and in is herte • to auonge cristendom • 
per vore is messagers • mid gode herte he nom • 1645 
pat to ]>e pope Eleuthery • hasteliche hii wende • 
pat he quic in to is lond • cristendom him sende • 
pat he miite serui god almitti • vor he willede moche 
])er to • 
Prima & he ne ssolde nozt be glad • ar ])e dede were ido • 
tasTn^^^ " P® pope was her of glad • & tweie holi men him sende • 
Angiia. Fagan & diman • is soule vor to amende* 1651 

pat ritte bileue him teitte • & teue him cristendom • 
pat folc vaste aboute • wide ]7er to com • 
pis was an hmidred ter • & sixti ^er & tuo • 
After J^at god was ibore • J^at jjis dede was ido • 1655 



1640. colyes'] Coylesa; coiles B/Sy. 

1641. asl om. ajSyS. to soj^c] ])e so)>e B ; to so)> a ; soJ>e ^y ; to sothe 5. 
seygel say ^y. hiuorc hitii no betere] no betere bifore him a ; none 
better by fore him Py ; a better by fore him S. 

1642. ofte] ofB. miracles] miracules a. 

1643. cristc7i] cristene B. tvide] al B ; om. a$y5. 

1644. wilnede] willede B. a7id in] anon in B ; on a ; in J87S. auonge] 
fonge BaS ; take fiy. 

1645. herte] hurte a ; lettres B. 

1 646. hii wende] he went 5. 

1647. quic in to is] to him on his a$yS. him] om. 5. 

1648. he] heo B ; J^ey S. serui] serve B/Sy. almi-^ti] om. BaiSyS. 
willede] wilnede Ba ; wilned fiyd. 

1649. he ne ssolde] )>at he schold 5. ar ]>e dede] er j>e dede B ; or it 5. 

1650. was her of ] hereof was B; was J^o her of a5; was ]>er of Py. 
tiveie] twei B ; tweije a ; two Py. holi] holi^e a. 

1651. diman] damian B; dymyan a^y ; Dimian 5. vor] om. 5. 

1052. pat] pe ajSyS. linn] >ei him ySy ; he him 5. ^ef^<t;] tajte B ; 

tau^t ^878. jewe] jef B ; jaiie fiy. 

1653. Vat] po B. vaste] \>o fasteBa; >au fast /3 ; )50 fast 5. See 
Appendix, note N. 

1654. an] on a ; ay. jpr] ora. 0/37. 

1655. ibore] borne /Sy. ido] do ^y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 119 

pus com lo verst here • in to J'is lond cristendom • 
Bote it were eny holi mon • ]?at stilleliche arst it nom • 
per were arst in engelond • hor false lawes to lere • [74.] 

Eitte &5 twenti chef stiides • bissopriches as it were • 

Indus rex. 
& ]n'e ercho temples • as it were hext of echon • 1660 fol. 31. 
Londone & Euerwik • & in glanmorgan was on • 
pis gode king & j^is holimen • let velle horn alle ]?ere • Episco- 
& eitte & twenty bissopriches • in hor stede lete rere • ^^ "^' 
& ]>VQ erchebissopriches • as ]?e erche temples were • 
As it were of alle chef* cristendom to lere • 1665 

Al l^e bissopriches • vnder Euerwik were ido • 
pat binorJ>e humber be]? • as hii be); tut al so • 
Londone adde }>o al J'is lond • |?at bi sou]?e humber is • 
Fram douere to seuerne • & al cornwaile iwis • 



1656. verst . . . lond] into Hs lond first B ; to \>is lond furst ]>o a ; to Hs 
londe furst \>sca fiy • first into bys londe first 5. 

1657. e?iy'] anyB; ouy 75. stilleliche] priueliche B^7. 

1658. pe?-] par a. ?«] on o. Jio?-] om. k/S^S. 

1659. studes] stedys 7. 

1660. erche temples'] architemples B ; archetemples ay8 ; archetemplys 7 ; 
riche temples 5. it] \>e'i I3y. hext] AB ; hexte aS ; hye^est /8 ; 
hyest 7. of echon] of of echon A ; euerychone 5. 

1661. in] om. afiyS. ylatimorgan] glomorgan B; glamorgan a/8 ; 
Glomargan 7. was] om. B. 

1662. pis yodc kiv<j] pe king a ; The kynge fiy^. \>is] his B ; J^ise j8 ; 
these 7 ; I'us 5. holimen] holye men a. let velle horn alle] lete 
afuUe ham a ; lete afelle hem fiy ; lete ful hem S. \>cre] )>are a. 

1663-4. in . . . erchebissopriches] Omitted in Py. 

1663. in] Ba5; & A. hor stede] here studes B ; har studes a; her 
stedus 5. lete] leten a, 

1664. J>re] }je BS. \>e J>e] )>re Ba/37. erche temples] architemples Bj 
archetemples I3y. 

1665. As it] As Jjei (87. 

1666. Al i>e] Alle >e aPy ; Alle J>o B5. 

1667. hinor\>e humber be]>] a ; binor>e bejj A ; ben bi norJ> homber B ; by 
northe humber ben fiy ; by fore humbur beth 5. be)>] bu}> o ; de}> B ; 
ben &y. 

1668. Jjo] om. 7. sou\>e] norj> B. 



torem. 



120 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe I'vidde erchebissopriche • was • at kayrleon in walis • 
Ype vske in glanm organ • ac ]>e se adoune is • 1671 
Ac endes of olde walles • ]7er stonde]? tut euerne • 
Vnder liim walis |?ulke adde • & al bi weste seuerne • 
pus com lo in to |?is lond • verst cristendom • 
Ac ]?oi'ii a lu]7er emperour • ]?at fer after com • 1675 
pat het dioclician • it was su|?]7e ibrott to grunde • 
&u he]?enesse ybrott aien • uort seint austin it adde 
vnbounde • 
["5.] Lucie ]ns gode king • J?at j^us cristene bicom • 
Deyde aboute four ler • after is cristendom • 
At gloucestre he deide • ac eyr nadde he non • 1680 
pat acorede al ]ns lond • & ]?e men echon . 
rtonuml"' Si^^^i' ^^^ emperour . ];ulke tyme at rome • 
perimpera- So ]>Sit J;e tydinge • sone to him come • 

pat ]?e king of bruteyne • wij^oute eyr was ded • 
Sone he |?oru al is court • J?er of nom is red • 1685 



1670. ]>e \)ridde erchebissopriche'] An Erchebischopiich al so 5. 

1671. Vpe'\ Vp B; Ope a; Apon Py. vske"] osk B; oske aySy. 
glanmorgcm'] glomorgan B ; glamorgan a ; Glommorgan londe (3 ; 
Glomorgau loude y. ]>e se] )>' Cee 5. w] nou is a ; nowe is fiy. 

1672. olde wanes'] wallys olde y. \>er'] >ar a. yut euerne'] jit at J>c 
lest ;8 ; atte the lest y. 

1673. walis \>idke] Mike •wailis /8 ; )>ilke wailys 7. bi tceste seuerne] 
Seuerne by west Py. 

1674. lo] cm. afiyB. vcrst] formest a. 

1675. a lu\)er] o luj^ere 5. 

1676. «i)jj>e] cm. afiyS. ibroxt] brought 5. to grunde] to noutc a; 
to noujt Py. 

1()77. 1/bro^t] bicomc (iy. ii<}rl] fur to B5 ; for a; vu to 187. dddr] 

om. Hafiyd. vnbomide] broute a ; bronjt Py. 
1679. four] a foure 5. 
] 680. nadde] hadde fiyS. 

1681. acorede] a^oujt J87 ; annycd 5. \>e] ys B. echo7i] euerych- 
one 5. 

1682. Seuer] Souer B. 

1C83. tydinge] tybinges Ba)37S. sone to Itim] to hira sone fiy, 
1684. ivi\>nnte] wi^oiiten a. 

1G85. Sinie he );>oru] So J>oru a ; So )>nrgh j3 ; So thorugh y. he"] om. 5. 
al] om. B. nom] he nom a ; he nome S ; he toke fiy. is] om. S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 121 

& wende hider hasteliclie • wi]? poer ynoii • 

&/ folc ]7at stod aton him • to gronde vaste he slou • 

A due ))er was of ]ns lond • fulgencc was is name • j^,,^ 

He stod azen him mid is ost • & dude him grete ssame • gent [is] 

Fidgencius. 
& vorto be ];e sikerore • he wende to scotlonde • 1G90 foi. 31 h. 
&, made him pere gret ost • of landfolc in ]>e londe • 
& wende ofte vpen him • & slou & barnde vaste • 
Ac euere adde j^e emperour • ]?e maistrie atte laste • 
pe emperour here in pise lond • weddede a wif • spon«ft*^ 

pat was fulgences soster • al in ])is strife lG9o vxorcm. 

Bi hire he adde an gode sone • icluped basian • 
Ano|?er he adde ihote gee • ]mt he at rome biwan 
po fulgence isei • J'at he ne mizte azen stonde 



CoUacio 
pictoruni 



To ]7e lond of scicye • he wende out of ]>is londe • per fuigen 



1686. ?<;enrfe] come him fiyS ; wende him a. -w/t*] mid a. ynou'] gret 
3'nou a • gret ynou^ ^y. 

1687. ^] \^Sii a^y; The 5. stod'] stode B. aycii] ajeynB; a^enst 
a^yd. to gronde vaste] faste to gronde B ; to he grounde 8. he] 
he hem S. 

1688. A] O afiy. of \>is] on >is o ; in his fiy. 

1689. a^ew] a^eyn B ; ajenst a;3 ; ayenst y. dude him] ded hem 5. 
(jrete] muche fiy. 

1690. weiule] went ySy. to] vnto 5. 

1691. him] hem S. landfolc] folk B75 ; folc a ; folke /3. in'] of 
Bc(j37S. he] hat B5. 

1692. wende] went fiy. ofte] eft fiy. vpen] vp B ; open a ; apon /8 ; 
vpon 7, /a'm] ham a ; hem (87. .s/om §- harnde] Lamed & slou^ 5. 
barnde] breudc y3 ; hrent 7. 

1693. maistrie] maystre B. 

1694. here] cm. B. /w] on a. h'^e] his a^y. loeddedc] weddede 
ho Ba ; wedded han ^y ; ho wedded 5. a] o a. 

169.5. fulgences] fulgens 7; ffulgencc 5. al in] ho in al B. m h'*] 

in hisse in hisse a. 

1696. an'] a B5 ; oa; on 187. yoile] god Ba. icluped] iclepcd was 
a ; callyd he was fiy ; y clepud he was 5. 

1697. Ano\>er] On oher ay- One oher ^. ihote] hat het a ; hat hi5,t ^y; 
hat heyght S. gee] get BaQ75. 

1698. /se« ha<] seih hat B ; hat saw 5. we jni^e] myght not wel 5. 
a^en] a^eyn hym B ; a)en him a ; ayenst him ^7. 

1699. scicye] sicije a^7. K'e«rfe] went ^y (& passun). 



122 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[76] 



bullum. 



Occisio 
Inipera- 
toris. 



& a gret ost of picars • was clieuentein he was • 1700 

Of stalwardemen he gaderecle • to helpe him in ];is cas • 

po he adde imad him a vair ost • of ])is ^onge bachelerie • 

He com aten in to J>is lond • out of scicye • 

He bilay verst euerwik • vpe J^e emperour vaste • 

So J>at ]>e emperour him ^ef-bataile atte laste • 1705 

Ac Mochedel of jjis lond • To fulgence toke • 

Vor he more of kunde was • & j^e emperour vorsoke • 

Bataile hii smite strong inou • &) slowe vaste to gronde • 

So ]7at fulgence J^ere • adde dej^es wounde • 

Ac ]7e emperour was al aslawe • «& ibured at euerwik • 

Ac fulgence deide su]7]7e • J70 he adde ileye sik • 1711 

po j?is men were boj^e ded • me moste abbe an king • 

Bituene )>e romeins &; j^is lond • J;er wax ]>o striuing • 

Gee ]>e emperoures sone • ]>e romeins to kinge nome • 

Vor he was of fader & moder • of ]>e kunde of rome • 

Ac ]7e brutons of J^is lond • nome basian J^er to • 

Vor is moder was of ]>is lond • & is vncle al so • 



1700. a] om. 0/87; of a S. picai's'\ picards a; Picardes ^y. was"] 
whas B ; hare a ; here fiy ; her S. cheuentein] chifteyne S. 

1701. stalwordemen'] stronge men B ; stalworth men 7. yaderede'] 
gederede B (& passim). hi] on o. 

1702. adde] om. B. imad]ova. ctjSy. Mm] om. a^y^. a'] o a. 
■^011 (je] om, Ba/875. 

1703. in] om. a^y. to] \>o a. scicye] sicije 0/37. 

1704. hilay . . . vaste] by laye }>e Emperoure in Euerwyc so fast 5. 
vpe] op B ; ope a ; vpon $y. J>e] Jjis a^y. 

1705. So ];>at] Ani d. \>e] Hs fiyS. jf/] -^af /88 ; yaf 7. bataile] 
a bateyle 5. atte] at t>at a ; atte \>e ^y ; at \>e 5. 

1708. Bataile] A batayle 5. smite] smote 187 ; smytteu 5. sloive 
vaste] mony slowe B ; slowe folc o ; slou^ folke ^y ; slowen folk S. 
to] to >e S. 

1709. \>ere] om. afiy. adde] hadde at >e laste a; hadde atte J>e last j8 ; 
atte the last hadde 7. de]>es] dej^eis B. 

1710. Ac] But 0y; And S. was] om. 5, al] om. Ba;87. aslawe] 
slayn Py. ihured] yburied B ; biiryede j8 ; buryed 7. 

1711. Ac] & aj375. \>o] when ^ ; whenne 7. ileye] leyn 5. 

1712. po] When/8; Whenne 7. \>is] >ise/3; these 7 ; {^es 5. an'] 
a B^7 ; o a. 

171.3. \>e] })o B; J>ise )3 ; these 7. )>er] >e a. wax] Aa ; bigan B; 

wexed ^37. J)o] ban ;3 ; thanne 7. 
1714. <7cr] Get Ba/378. }>e] his a/37. \>c romeins to kinge] to kyngc 

he Komayns 8. kintje] king a. 

1716. nome'] toke ^y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 123 

p o per were tiieie kinges ]>\is • |;cr nas nott wel gret beilum. 

loue • 
Ne mi^te j^ei hii brc]>ren were • ar J'c on was aboue • 
So )?at hor ei]?er vp o|?er • worrede vaste • 1720 [77.] 

& an bataile strong inou • smite atte laste • 
& basian & is poer slowe get is bro]?er • 
& basian bileuede king • J>o |;er nas non o|;er • 

Carausius • I'ex. f^, 3^ 

A Stalwarde ^ong bacheler • in ]7is lond was \o • 

Coraus was icluped • J;at cou]7e of muche wo • 172-5 carausii. 
Vor ]70 he adde moche in worre ibe • & ido gret maistrie • 
& him sulf moche ifonded • he ]7otte do tricherie • 
He wende & bed leue j^o • of ]?e emperour of rome • 
To wite j^e se aboute ]?is lond • fram strange men J'at 
come • 1729 

& bi het horn ]?at tif l^er of • wel avouwed hii were • 
To zelde more god to rome • ]?an al brutaine ]?uder bere • 

1718. were tueie'} was two ^37. nasi '^^s PyS. ivel^ om. 0/878. 

1719. Ne7nhyte'] om. aPyS. \>ei hii] Thouj \>ei Py; Thouj \>ey two 5. 
ar] er BySy ; or 5. Jjc] Jjo B ; J^at 5. 2vas aboue'] were aboue B ; 
were ouercome a ; wer ouercom & l^at oJ>er aboue fiy. 

1720. hor] om. Ba;875. rp] op oua; apou ;87 ; vpon S. worrede] 
weiTcde B ; worrode )'0 so a ; werred J^an so ^37 ; \>o worred so 5. 

1721. an] a Bj87 ; o a. .S7n;7e] smyten B ; lii smiten o ; hei smyteu 
J87 ; }>ey smytten 5. 

1722. 8f basian] J^at basiau a; That Basian ^87 ; So >at Basian S. §• is 
poer] at )>e laste a; at J^e last j8 ; atte last 7. slowe] slow B. is] 
his owe a ; his owen /S7. 

1723. \)o] for Ba/37 ; fore S. nas] AS; nas )>o Bet ; was ^87. 

1724. A] Oa. stalwarde] stalewor>e B ; stalworthe ^87. }07ig] om. 
5. i7t] on a. 

1725. Coraus] Caraus B; Caraus he 0)878. icluped] icleped o; 
called fiy. 

1726. ]}o] whenne Py. moche] om. Baj87S. ibe] ibeo a ; be 187. 
ido] do B^7. 

1727. moche ifonded] Ifonded beo a ; yfonded be ^37 ; y founded meche S. 

1728. bed] bad o ; asked ^87. 

1729. tdte] kepe /375. strange] stronge B. ^ 

1730. bi het] bihijt ^37. horn] hym B ; him 0/875. )pat] om. 0/378. 
wel avouwed hii'] he wel avowed 0/87. avouwed'] auaunsedB. hii] 
heB5. 

1731. more god to rome] Britaigne more good 5. Jjon] 60)878 ; jjat A, 
\>uder] J)ider B ; om. 0)878. 



124 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po Ipe conseil of rome • leuede is vair biheste • 

& ]?at he was stalwardeman • of gret poer mid ]>e 

meste • 
pe emperour mid gode cliartre • «Ss mid is owe ceel • 
Him lef of ]>e se aboute • ]?e warde eueridel • 1735 
I'rcdacio pis false man wende |70 • mid is chartre aboute • 
Mans. ^ ^£ -^ji[q^|q;[ j;f^Qji . ]-^jj^ gaderede a gret route • 

& bi het hom god inou • of porchas J'at god hom sende • 
& porueiede hom gode ssipes • & in to |^e se wende • 
[78.] & wonne hom sone Moche god • mid strengj^e & quoin- 
tise • 1740 

(Szi su]?|7e mid robberie • bote hii mi^te in oj^er wise • 
Of is porchas so large he was • to men J?at hem founde • 
pat he adde a gret ost • in a lutel stounde • 
pe yles he robbede in j^e se • & ]>& hauenes suj^j^e 

aboute • 
So ]>a,t men of porchas • come to him so gret route • 
pat ]>ev nas no prince vnne]7e • j^at him mitte at route • 
His poer wax Euere so • J^at ech lond him gan doute • 



1732. po Jje] So >at o ; So >at J?e fiy. leucdc'] y leuecTe B ; loued 5. 

1733. stalwardemanl strong mon B; a stahvorth man 5. of] & of B. 
gret] om. a$yS. mid] with fiy. meste] best fiy. 

1734. 7Hid] with ^y. gode] om. a&y. chartre] cartre B ; charyte^-y. 
owe ceel] owne eel B ; owe sel a ; owen seel /S7. 

1735. yef] ya( a. eueridel] euerich del o ; euerechedeel I3y. 

1736. wende] y wende a; went y. chartre] cartre B; chartres a; 
charters $y. 

1737. willeuol men'] willesful men B ; willesfollemeu a. him] he 
hira ^y. a] om. afiy. 

1738. hom'] him ^y. 

1739. wende] hi wende a. ; l^ei wende fiy. 

1740. ivomic] wannc 7. 

1741. bote] hot if S. in] with /By. 

1742. is] hys 5. hem] he Ba/SyS. 

1743. «] o 0(87. in] w'ynne 5. a Intel] o liitele a. 

1744. 8f] om. 5. 

1745. so gret] mite gret a ; with gret j3 ; wyth grete y ; a grete S. 

174C. lias no] nas B ; was no 5. liim] om. fiy ; w' him S. at route] 

o\\-yt route fiy. 
1 747. wax] wex B5 ; wexed fi. Euere] om. S. so] >o 08. ech] 

enerye 5. him] of him 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 125 

So ])&t he spac mid heie men • here of )nsse londe • 
»fc bi het hom vaire inou • & dude hom to vnderstonde • 
pat ^if hii buyde to him • Si to hor king him nome • 
pat he wolde hom al out bringe • of ]>e daunger of rome • 
& deliueri }>is lond of romeins • & of straunge men 

echon • 
pat so fre lond as J'is • ne ssolde be naur non • 
pat folc him made ]?o hor king • vor he was so quointe 

man • 
«fe he bigan to worri anon • vpe ]>e king basian • 1755 ^ellum. 
& hor ei]?er aten oj^er • gaderede hor ost vaste • fit Kex 

So bat hii come & smite • an bataile • atte laste • brit[an- 

' nisej . 

Asclepiod rex. 
Ac caraus of felonie « him gan vnder stonde • fol. J2, b. 

& )?outte )>at picars • were of strange londe • 
pat were wi]? basian J?e king • )>at fulgence is vncle [79.] 

bro^te . 17G0 

pat hii wolde littliche • to him tourne he |?otte • 



1748. spacl spek B. heie'] heije «i8 ; hygh y; heyje 5; hey B; 

beie A, t>me] J>is B. 

1750. An'] hiii a. buyde'] abowe B ; abuyjde a; abeyed y3 ; abeiyd 7 ; 
abowed S. hor] here B ; om. a/SyS. hing] kinge a. 

1751. wolde hom al out] wole al out hem B ; ham -wolde al out a ; hem 
wolde al out y3 ; wolde alle oute y. out] om. 5. 

1752. deliueri] deliuere B; delyuere ^y. lond of] men of )>& 5. 
straunge] stronge B. 

1753. pat so fre lond] So t'at so fre a. londe 5. ne] om. 5. be narir] 
uower B ; neuere beo o ; neuer be ^87 ; neuere be 5. 

1754. pat folc] pe lond B ; That men 5. him] o5; hym B ; hom A; 
hem $y. \>o] om. y. quoiiite] queynte y. 

1755. he] om. 5. to] \>o a; J>an j8 ; om. y. 

worri] 'werre B ; werry jSy. aiion] soue 0/87. vpe] vpon 7. 

1756. hor] om. Ba/875. a-^en] ayenst 7. gaderede] gadere o. 
hor] ys B ; his a. 

1757. So] om. 5. smite] smyton B; smytten 5. an] aB; o 0187. 
atte] at l^e oj8 ; atte the 7. 

1758. Ac] & 0/87. of felonie him] him of feloni^e a ; him of velouye 
$y. gan] bigan J?o o ; bigan )jau him &y. 

1759. picars] Picardes ^87. of] of one a0y; of a 5. strange] strong 
B ; stronge ^37. 

1760. is vncle] hider B. 

1761. hii^ om. By 



carai. 



126 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Mid hom he spac so quointeliche • & mede horn gan 

bede • 
So l^at ]>e king basian • hii bitraiede in is nede • 
Vor ]>o hii come into bataile • hii turnde aten him 

echon • 
Hii nuste woche were hor frend • ne woche were hor 

fon . 1765 

Ac basian & al is folc • tede anon to gronde • 
& he him sulf & mani oj'ere • islawe were in a 

stounde • 
Cams fit po was ]?is false caraus • king of J'is londe her • 

Vuele it com him of kunde • to be of such poer • 
occisio pis tidinge com to rome • ]7at he dude hom such ssame • 
Hii nome an grete louerding • allect was is name • 1771 
& sende him here to ]?is lond • & men wi]? him inowe • 
So ]7at in bataile • }>is caraus hii slowe ^ 
po }pis bataile was ido • hii bigone arere • 
WoiTe vpe men of J'is lond • vor hii mid caraus were • 



1762. spac'] spek B ; spake 7. ?«ec?e] made /Sy. liom gan'] bigaiiB; 

gan to 5. bede] bude a. 
17G3. \>e] om. 5. iif] on aySy. 7iede] nude a; dede 5. 

1764. Vor] Yo a. into] to Ba/37S. ayen] a^enst 7. echon"] euerych- 
one S. 

1765. Hii] Heo B ; He a/37. nuste] nyst fiy. woche] wich B ; 
whiche afiy. hor] here B ; his a^y. frend] frendus 5. woche] 
■wych B ; whiche a^y. hor] here B ; his afiy. 

1766. al] om. 0^87. -yede] eode B ; went 5 ; hi jude a ; J>ei jeed fiy. 

1767. he] om. a^y. mani] mani^e a. islawe] aslawe a; slayn $y ; 
slayne 5. wei-e] was Py. in a] in a ; in J^at 5 ; with lune a fiy. 

1768. of \>is] of Jjisse a. 

1769. Vuele it com him] Vuel it hi com hym B ; Hit cam him viiele o 
Hit came him euel ^37 ; Ful euyl hit bycome him 5. kunde] Aa ; 
kynde Hfiy. he] ben B. such] swich a. 

1770. Vis] po B; pea/375. tidinyc] tidigne A; typing B; ti>iuge 
0/87 ; tyjjyuges S. com] com ho B ; come ]>o 5. dude hom] ham 
dude o ; hem dide )3 ; dede 7. such] swich a. 

1771. aw] a B07; ane a. louerding] lordyng B^y ; lordynge 5. 
allect] alec a/37. 

1772. /(ere] om. B ; hedyr 5. to] in to Ba/37. lo7id] londe fiy. 

1773. caraus] fals caraus fiy. slowe] aslowe o. 

1774. arere] to arere 5. 

1775. Worre] Werre B. vpe men of] opou a; vppon ^ ; vpon 7. 
lond] londe a/37. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



127 



pe brutons ]>o of ]?is lond • to ssulde ^am fran ssame • 
Chose horn a niwe king • asclepiod was is name • 
pat was erl of cornwaile • he gaderede is ost anon • 
To worry &; to stonde • aten )?e romeins is fon • 
He wende him to londone • as king allect ]?o was • 
To honoury hor false godes • as it vel ]?o bi cas • 
po ]?is king it vnderiet • ]?at J'is folc ]?us com • 
He bileuede is sacrefize • & is folc wi]? him nom • 
& wende out aien hom • & strong bataile hii smite • 
So moche folc ]?er was aslawe • J^at deol it was to wite • 
pis brutons were so egre • & woxe euere so vaste • 
pat ]?e romeins & hor king • gonne fle atte laste • 
pe brutons sywede after • as hii a^te to do • 
& slowe mani |?ousend • & allect ]>& king al so • 
A louerding of ]>e romeins • ];at ihote was galle • 1790 
Com & telde him to ur king • & is men nei wat alle • 



[80.] 

asclepiod 
fit rex. 



Bellum. 



victoria 
Ijritomim. 



1776. pe hrutons Jjo] po J>is brutons a ; Thanne Mse Brutons ySy. t>o] 
om. S. ssulde] schilde B/37 ; schulde a ; schylde 5. ^arn] ham a ; 
hem B/87S. frail] fro B7 ; fram oy3. 

1777. Chose] Chesou B ; Chosen 7S. niwe] new B; newe /3 ; uuwe 7. 

1778. gaderede] gedere B. 

1779. worri/] werre B; werry 0y. stonde] stond a. 

1 780. him] him \>o 5. as] ase a. king] \>h afiy. allect^ alec a^y. 
\>o] fjan ^y. 

1781. honoury] honoure B/37; onouri a. hor] here B/37 ; hare a; 
hys 8. 

1782. po] Thanne 7 ; Tho>at S. king] alec afiy. if] )>is B; thys 7. 
V7ideryet] vnder jat a; vnderstode fiy. \>is] J>us S. Jjms] BafiyS ; 
Jjuc A. 

1784. ayen hom] hem aieyne S. horn] him ci;8. smite] smyten S. 

1785. was aslawe] was slayu 0y ; were slayne 5. deol] dul a ; doll 187. 
Wife] weteu 5. 

so] ])0 so 5. woxe] wox B ; woxeu a ; wexed )37 ; 



1786. pis] pe afiy. 
wex S. 

1787. K'] ho B. 

1788. pe] poB. 



aiie] at )?e a^ ; atte the 7. 



gonne fle] gan to tie 5. 
aj<e <o £?o] ajt do B. 

1789. wjcfju'] manije a. ]pousend] })0usant B ; })0usandes 5. allect 
i>e king] >e kynge Allecte 5. allect] alec a^y. 

1790. .4] O a^y. louerding] lordyng B ; lordinge /37. 

1791. yelde] )old B. ■yelde him to ur king] to oure king ajeld a; to 
oure kynge him ^elde 187. ur] oure B. nei wat] neraud jiy ; 
nerhand 5. 



128 THE CHKONICLE OF 

Asclepiod rex. 

fol. 33. pe king liim nom to prison • to londone lie was ybro^t . 
pe king him wolde ^iue lif • ac is men nolde no^t • 
Ne |;olie l^at j^er were aliue • eny of hor fon • 
Ac ladde him to londone • k, is men echon • 1795 

To an vrninde water • }>at tut is ];er ich wene • 
& smite of alle hor heued • to bringe hom out of tene • 

yopj^gjo And J^e broc J'ere hii were aslawe • Me clupede gal- 

galbroc. broc • 

After galle J»ulke prince • J^at ];er is de]? tok • 1799 
[81.] po was bruteine ]>is lond • of romeins al mest lere • 
Ac albusy were it ten zev • ar hii here a^en were • 
Asclipiod him let ]70 • crouny to kinge anon • 
& wuste aboute ten zer • ]?is lond wel mid fon • 
Ac J?oru romeins ]7at here come • ]?at he}>ene were 
echon • 1804 

J'oru oj^ere cristendom • was neit wat al agon • 



1792. nom'] toke /S7. to londone'] & to londone a^y. 

1793. him wolde yue] wolde hym yeue 7; wolde ^efhimS. nolde'] 
wold S ; he wolde fiy. 

1794. );>olie] J^olije a ; suffre B;875. \>er] they 7. aliue] oliue B. 
eny] none 5. 

1795. to] in to B; out of a ; oute of (87. echon] euerychone 5. 

1 79G. an vrnijide] on vinynde o ; an vrninge S ; a rennyng B7 ; a 
rennyuge j8. jwi is] is ^ut a ; is jit fiy. is )>er] )>er ys S. 

1797. §•] Hi a. smite] smiten a ; smyten B;37 ; smote 5. heued] 
hefden a ; hedes B/37; heuedys 5. tene] tune a. 

1798. And \>e broc] pe water B ; pe brok o; The broke 0y. were] 
weren a^y. aslawe] slayn fiy. mc clupede] men callid ^y. 
(jalhroc] galle brok Ba ; galle broke ^y. 

1799. tok] so tok a ; so toke J87. 

1800. of romeins al mest] al mest of remains a; almest of Komayns ^37. 
lere] clere 5. 

1801. were] was a^y. ar] er fiy. here ayen] ajen her a; ajen 
here ^87; ajeyne here 5. 

1802. Am /e< >o] let hym J>o B. crouny] crowne 'Qfiy. hinge] 
kyng B. 

1803. wuste] wiste a ; kepte B5 ; kepid ^y. ten] a ten 5. mid] 
\i\)> a ; with oute J87 ; from his 5. fon] om. B. 

1804. here] her o ; hedir 5. he\>ene] el^ene a. echon] euerychone ?>. 
180.'). o\>erc . . . agon] ham was her cristendom nei what wal al agon a ; 

hem was here cristendom ncreand al agon J87. o]>ere] oj^ere aliens 5. 
wai aV] om. 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 129 

T'ueie emperours of rome • Dioclician • 

& anoj^er is felawe • |?at hot maxiinian • 

Were bo]?e at one time • ]?e on in ]?e est ende • 

&; Ve oVer in t'e west of Ve world • cristendom to Destmccio 
^ ' clnistiani- 

ssende • t;it[is] 

Vor |?e ]u}>er maximian • westward liider soite • 1810 
& cristen men pat he vond • to stronge de]> he Ijro^te • 
Chirchen he velde al adoun • ]:'er ne moste non stonde • 
& alle l^e bokes • ]?at he miite • finde in eni londe • 
He wokle lete berne echon • amidde j^e heie strete • 
& ]?e cristenmen alle sle • & non aline lete • 1815 

Su)7];e god was ibore • |?er nas nor cristendom . 
In so lute stounde ido • so gret martirdom • 
Vor |>er were wi]nnne one monj'e • seuentene ]?ousend 

(Sz; mo • 
Ymartred nor vre louerdes loue • nas no2t here gret wo • 



1806. Tueie] TweiB; Two 187. o/] were of j3y. Dioclician'] 
J^at on D. a5 ; bat one lii^t D. ^7. 

1807. aiio\>er~\ ou o)>er a. 

1808. Were] They wereu /3 ; They were 7. at one] in one 5. \>e on] 
>at one 5. 

1809. &f W] & ]'ut 5. (iies^] west halue a; west half ;37. vf\>civorld] 
ova. Ba/37. 

1811. cristen] cristene B. stronge] strong B; luljer a/87. /"^] om. 0. 

1812. Chirchen^, Chirchene a; Chirches B;87 ; Chirchys 5. velde] 
fulde a ; fel B. al] om. 0^37. ]>er . . . sto?ide] Jjat non ne 
moste stonde a; l^at none ne my^t stonde ^87. 7ie] om. 5. 

181.3. he miytefinde] he fond awer a ; he fonde owher fiy. 

1814. wolde lete berne echon] wolde ham lete berne a; wolde hem late 
brenue ^y ; lete hem brenne euerychone 5. lete] lete hem B. 

1815. \>e] J)0 B ; om. 0/878. cristenmen] cristenemen B. aliue] o 
liue B ; on lyue fiy. 

1816. Su\>\>e] Sethe hat S. ibore] broue ^; borne 7. nas] 
ne was ^87. 

1817. lute stounde] luite stounde a; litel a stounde (87; litil a while 5. 
martirdom] o martir dom a. 

1818. were] was ^37. wi)>inne one mon\>e] in a mone]^ B ; in one riionJ>e 
0^7 ; in on mounthe 5. 

1819. Ymartred . . . loue] Vor godes loue y martred a ; For goddis loue 
martired fiy ; Fore goddys loue y mavtired 5. nas] v/as /87S. nu-it 
here] here noujt ^87. 

I 



130 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[82.] Wij^oute grete halwen • |>at liii helde longe in torment • 
As seinte cristene & seinte fei • & al so seint vincent • 
As seint Sebastian &; mony o]?ere • as me may in 

chirche rede • 
& Monion turnde aten • to hef'enesse uor drede • 
& among alle J'es in ]?is lond • J'er were monion • 
Ymartred as J^ulke time • Seint albon was on • 1825 



Albanus. 



Cole rex. 
fol. 33 b. pat was ]7e verste martir • j^at to engelond com • 
Dere aj> louerd monymon • abo^t cristendom • 
Vnder ]7is luj^er emperours • |per was a lu)7er man • 
& of hor lu]7er lawe • ]?at moehe vnder hom wan • 
Constance was is name • he conquerde of spaine • 1830 
pe truage ifc of france • &; su]?]?e here of brutaine • 
/"jole was a noble mon • & gret poer adde an honde • 
Erl he was of colchestre • here in J>isse londe • 



1820. halwen] halwe B; halewen o; halowen fiy. helde longe'] hiilde 
longe B ; longe helde a^yd. 

1821. seinte] seynt B. cristene] cristyne B ; cristine a. Sf seinte] 
Si, seynt B ; cm. a. Sf] cm. ^y. fei] feye a ; Feyl> j85 ; feythe y. 
al so] eke a^y. 

1822. As seinf] As B ; & a^y. Sebastian] Bastian S. mony o\>ere] 
mony oj^er B ; o})ere fele a5 ; oj^er many fiy. 

1823. Monion] maniac on a. turnde] .tuxaQ&a B; >er turnde a; )>er 
tumede /3 ; that tm-nede y ; >ere torned 5. he\>enesse] he>ene B. 

1824. 6f] om. Ba;375. )>es] \>QOs a. \>er] )jat B. monion'] manije 
on a. 

1825. Ymartred . . . time] pulke time ymartred a ; Thilke tyme martired 
0y ; Thulk tyme j^martired 5. seint] & seint aj875. 071] J^at on a ; 
hat one ^87. 

182G. \)at to] to afiy. to] into 5. com'] Jpat com a • J^at come ySy. 

1827. Dere] Dure a ; Ful dere 5. a]) louerd] haj^ lord B ; haueth o; 
hah fiy ; ha^e 5. monymon] mony a mon B ; manije on a ; many 
one iSyS. a6oji] ybo)t B ; ybouit S ; ybroujt trewe & ; ybought 
truwe y. 

1828. \>is] J>eos o. lu\>er] luijjere a. a] o afiy. lu}per] noble 
BojSyS. man] mon B. 

1829. Sf] As B/375 ; Ase a. lawe] lawes B. moche vnder hom] 
\'nder hem muche B^Sy; \nder ham muche a; vndir hem meche S. 
watt] •won B. 

1832. a] o «. an honde] on houdo Hafiy, 

1833. in] on o. )?issc] >is Ba/8 ; thys 7. 



KOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 131 

& Colchestre after is name • icluped is icli under 

stonde • 
Vre louerd among oj^er J^inges • him sende a uair sonde • 
pat he adde an holi dotter • at colchestre in bis lond • ^ancta 

. . . . Elena. 

pat Seint eleyne is icluped • ]?at ])e holi rode vond ■ Bellum 
Bituene ure king asclepiod • & ]?is erl wi|;oute faile • [83.] 

per wex a gTet worre • & ] at hii smite bataile • 
&; ])e erl cole slou ]?en king • & |^o he adde |?un ouer Cole fit 

hond . 1840 ^^^■ 

King he let him crouni • here of l^is lond • 
pat folc was ]>o of };is lond • ypaid wel ynou • 
pat he adde y^vonne ]>e kinedom • & he ]?e dpev slou • 

1842* 
pe tydinge to rome com • );at ]>e king aslawe was • Constan- 
pat hom adde ido so moche ssame • hii were glad of britanniam 

]?at cas • 
pe noble prince hii sende hider . ];e gode kni^t costance • 
pat wan hom alle poer • of spaine & ek of franco • 



1834. Omitted iu 5. icluped] callid fiy. 

1835. o|jcr] al oj^er S. a] o a. 

183G. an] on a; a (87. at] al B. land} londe -y. 

1837. is] wasB. icluped] callid jSy. ])e] J)0 B. holi] lioli^e a. 

rode] croys B. vo?id] fonde y. 

1839. wex] wox B ; wax ay ; waxe fi. «] om. B ; o a. worre] werre 
ay ; warre j8. ^•] so Jia^yS. hii smite] j^ei smote Py ; t>ey smoteu S. 

1840. J>e] ]>[s Ba^y. erl] om. a^y. J)C?i] J>e Ha^yS. \>o he] so &y. 
i>mi] J>o B ; l^e a&yS. ouer] ouere «. 

1841. Ki7iy he let him] And king him let a; And kynge him lete /Sy. 
crouni] crowne B ; cromie $y. . here] \>o B. \>is] al ]jis BafByS. 

1842. pat] & J^at afiy ; These 5. was] om. a^y. lond] loude 0y. 
ypaid] ipayd was a ; paied was ^y. 

1842*. ywonne] om. a^y. kinedom] kyndom B ; kyngdom fiy ; kyng- 
dame 5. he \>e o\>er] o\>qv hej^ene 5. 

1843. tydinge] tyj>iug B ; tij^inge a; til^inges fiy, ty^ynges 5. to rome 
com] come to Rome ^y. \>e] )?ys 5. J>e kiny] he B. aslawe] 
slayn ySyS. 

1844. hom adde ido] hadde ido ham a ; hadde do hem $y. adde ido] 
had do 5. so moche] om. B. \>at] ]>e a. 

184.5. pe] pane o ; That iSy. costance] coustance Ba/Sy. 
1846. alle] al >e B; al l^at ajSy ; are >e 5. 

I 2 



132 THE CHRONICLE OF 

])at he ssolde ek ]ns lond • winne aien to rome • 
So J;at )?is noble prince • and is men hider come • 
po J?e king cole it vndertet • he dradde in is mod • 
Vor he was so noble knitt • ]:at nomon him ne wi]?stod • 
To him he sende of acord • lit it were is wille • 1851 
pat he wolde to rome • abuye • & lete al contek be 

stiUe . 
& louder bere is truage • as o)^er dude biuore • 
Vor wat he hulde J^e kinedom • wanne ]>e truage were 
ybore • 
Cncordia Constaunce it grauntede • & nom is truage • 1855 

^"i''*.^!'^.:-. & nom al so to be siker • of him god ostage • 

& granted him J?at kinedom • & ]?at pes of rome • 
& bileuede in ]?is lond • to gadere bo|7e isome • 



coustantij. 



foi. 34. Constans rex S imperator. Constantinus rex tfc 

imperator. 
t^'*-] A mon];e it was ]?er after • |7at cole wel sik lay • 
Obituscole. ^ deide as god it wolde • wij^inne J?e ei^tej^e day • 



1848. )>2s] om. fiy. prince . . . come^ prince hider & his men with 
gret power come /Sy. 

1849. po )>e] pe B; Wheune J^at $y. v/ider^ef] vuderstode $y; 
vndirstode 5. dradde^ drad him fiy. in'] on a. 

1850. k7uyt'\ kny^t was S. nomon him nc] non him ne a; none him fiy. 
ne] om. ByS. 

1851. of acord] for acorde ^y ; to aeorde 5. yif] ^ef B ; )>&t jif a^y. 

1852. abui/e] abowe BajSyS. al] om. a$y. coulek] strif B ; strife S. 

1853. ])udcr] J>eodre a. o]per] o}>ere o. 

1854. Vor wat] For whi /Sy. f>e] his 5. kinedom] kiudam B. 
\>e] \> A; his 5. yhore] bore S. 

1855. it] hym 5. nom] toke fiy. 

185G. nom also] toke whare for jSy. to he siker] siker to beo a ; siker 

to be /SyS. 

1857. granted] grantede B \>at] he Ba/875. ^at] he Bo^Sy. 

1858. in] on o. lond] lond here 5. to gadere] to godere B ; to gidrc /3 ; 
to gedre y. ho\>e] om. B ; wel 5. isome] ilome fiy ; some S. 

1859. A] O o/Sy. mon)>e] moneh B. leel] om. B ; rijt /3 ; ryghtyS. 
sili] soke ^y ; syke 5. 

18G0. deide] deijede a; doicde fiy. it] om. B. ei'yte]>e] eitctehe a 

eijtcne fiy ; Eyghtenehe 5. 



ROBEllT OF GLOUCESTER. 133 

Sz o]>er eir nadJe he non • bote seint eleyne l^e gode • 

His dorter ]7at snp]>e fond • ]>e swete holi rode • sponsio 

Constance nor ir eritage • ]>is, maido to wiue nom • 

& nom wi]> ire so j is lond • & ];is kinedom • constautius 

& let him crouni to king • & god king was afin -1805 ^^^' 

Bi hire he adde an gode sone • ichiped constantin • 

po Constance adde ibe • enleue lev king iwis • 

He deide at euerwik • tSc ibured was ]>ev & is • obitus 

Ponstantin is ^onge sone • ikrouned was |?o king • constantij. 

& noble mon he bicom • & wis |7oru alle jnng • 1870 constanti- 

Eang he was britti ter • he ladde is kinedom • ^^^ "^ ^* 

° , ' , / rex. 

Ri^tuolliche & sui]?e wel • wi]? quoyntise & wisdom • 

A lujjer emperour biuore • j^at het maximian • 

pat was upe cristinemen • as we sede so luj^erman • Maxenc'ms 

An sone he adde ssrewe inoii • maxencius bi name • imperator. 

Him he made emperour • monimon to ssame • 1876 



1861. nadde'\ hadde ^y ; had 5. seint'] seinte a. eleyne'] helyne ;8y. 

1862. holi] holi^e a. 

1863. ij-] bure /3a ; bere y. \>is] ^at ^y ; orn. u. 

1864. nom] toke ^y. so] al a^y, ^o 5. ^•] & buld a ; aud belde ^y. 

1865. crouni] crowne JR ; croune Qy. to king] kj ng B ; to 
kiuge afiy. ofin] and fj-n B; & fyne yS^S. 

1866. an] a B ; o ayS ; one y. gode] god a. icluped] iclepcd was a ; 
Jjat callid was ^y ; bis name was 5. 

1867. enleue] endleue a; ellene B; elleuen 0yo. 

1868. deide] deijde \>o a; deied J>an ^y ; deide j^o S. ibured] y buried 
B ; iburied fiy. ibured . . . Sf is] her he 3'beryed ys 5. 

1869. ikrouned was \>o] crouned t>an was ^y. 

1870. if] om. Ba/375. noble mon] B; noble men A ; Noble man 0/875. 
wis] wytty B. 

1871. he] and afiy; and he 5. ladde] bi ladde a. is] bis B. 

1872. Ri-ytuollichc] Ryjt nobliche B. .SM/'be] rijt^Sy. quoi/ntisc] 
quintise a ; queyntiso fiy. icisdom] with wiscdom ^y ;• w' wysdomc S. 

1873. A] a/3y. lu\>er] luiber a. 

1874. \^ut] far a; Ther ^y. upe] op on a; apon fiy. as we scdc] 
om. S. so lu)>erman] so lu}>er a man B ; so Inhere a man 5; a lul'cr 
man aySy. 

187.5. An] A B ; O a^yS. ssrewe^ schrewcd 5. bi name] to name B. 

1876. he] me B. monimon] mani man a; manye a man 5. szame] 

do schame a/87. 



134 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[85.] 

romani 
veniunt 
Constan- 
tino. 



He was as luj?er as is fader • gret ssrewe inou • 

Vor in strong martirdom • seinte katerine lie slou • 

& moni o]?er martir • & J^at folc of rome al so • 

He vondede to deseriti • & moni ssame do • 1880 

So ]7at deserites • into ])is londe come • 

To constantin ]>e gode king • nor defaute fram rome • 

& he horn vaire vnderueng • so J^at mo & mo • 

per come nor enlegeance • to abbe of hor wo • 

So )?at deserites • bigonne alle on him grede • 1885 

Sire hii sede vor godes lone • bring us of j^is wrechede • 

Of ]ye kunde blod of aunperie • ]>er nis bileued nou • 

Ne ]?at bi kunde were emperour • non bote ]>o\\ • 

Hon longe woltou soffri • pe ssrewes outrage • 

Go & win ]7i kunde lond • & J?in eritage • 1890 



1877. teas'] wes B. /«t>c;-] wel Ba^yB. «s] so a. g^ef] a grete 5. 
(/ret ssrewe'] schrewe gret Py. 

1878. strong'] stronge a. 

1879. moni] manije a. o\>er] oj^ere a; anoj'er 5. tnartir] martirs a; 
martris P ; martyrs y. \>at] om. 5. 

1880. vondede] fondicl 0y ; founded S. diseriti] deserie B ; disherit! a ; 
disherity $y. moni] muche a^y. ssame] schames B. do] to 
do aPy. 

1881. deserites] \>e deserites B; \>e desherites a/87; J"^ diseritc^ S. in. 
to] vnto 5. londe] lond B. 

1883. he] om. S. vnderueng] vnderfeng a ; vnder fong B ; vnder- 
fonge ^y. 

1884. pe?-] Here ^87. nor] of 7. enletjeancc] elegeance a; eligiaunce 
^7 ; Icgeaunce 5. oflwr] of lieore B ; for here 5. 

1885. deserites] >ese deserites BS ; J^es desherites a ; Jiise disherites 
these disherytes 7. 

1886. hii sede] heo seiden B. of h/s] B ; of his of Hs A ; out of a ; 
oute of Py ; of 8. 

1887. J'c] om. afiy. kunde blod] pure kynde 5. aunperie] em- 
perie BJ87S ; amperi^e o. nis bileued'] is leuyd ;87 ; ys now by leued 
5. nou] non Ba ; none ^yB. 

1888. Ne \>at] So J^at ^y. none] noman 0)878. ]pou] J>ou on Ba ; 
|jou one 08 ; thu one 7. 

1889. icoltou] wolt hou a; wilt [>ou fi ; w^jlt thu 7. soffri] siiffre B|37 ; 
sufiri a. 

1890. )>in] )>ine owe a ; jjine owen j8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 135 

pou ssalt abbe ])er help inou • of ]>in kundc londe • 
Wei J70U wost ]>&t lute wile • J^e ssrewe J?e ssal at stondo • 

Constantinus. 
Constantin him vnder stod • of is kimde londe • ^o'- ^'^ ^■ 

& god it were to abbe bo|?e • }>is & ]?at an honde • constanti- 
Moche ];at poer of ]?is lond • mid him uor]; he nom • Tadat 
& siij>]? ef sone of france • as he J7er uor]?e com • 1896 ™™^' 
& wende toward rome • to winnie ]>e aumperie • 
& to bringe ]>en ssreue adoun • J>at dude such robberie • ^isio .. 
As he wende he bi huld • toward heuene an hey • 
& ]70 vp in ye firmament • an aungel he sey • 1900 
pat huld an croiz & ];er on • y write was lo J^is • [86.] 

Constantin ]7oru ]?es signe • ]70u ssalt be Maister iwis • 
Constantin |?is vnderstod • he]?ene ]>ei he were • 
An croiz in stede of is baner • is men at vore him bere • 



1891. ssalfj schal fiyS. ]>w] J^i B ; om. a ; \>j d. \>in kunde] kynd 
men of )>e $•} . 

1892. Wei . . . wile] Wei lutele while >ou hit wost a; Rl5,t litel while 
))0u wel wote ^y. \>e ssal] ]>g B ; schal a ; schal }peG Py ; schal \>e S. 
at stoiide] astonde Py5. 

1893. hini] hem 5. 

1894. Sf-] Hou a; How fiyS. bo]>e'] om. Bafiy. «?^] on a^y. 

1895. Ixit] om. BafiyS. ?<o?J)] for> B ; buder o ; J>ider $y ; byder 5. 

1896. s«J>J>] sebbe Ba; sithc /8 ; om. 5. efso7ie'] also B5; eft sone a; 
eft soone Py. of] of be londe of 5. v<o;-J>e] forb B. 

1897. ^uinnic] wjTine B;S7; wiuue a. aumperie] emperie BPy. 

1898. Sf] om. Ba^y. to] om. B. bew'J be B ; bane a ; bat PyS. 
such] bat B. 

1899. In huld] bihekl a. 

1900. ]>o] so 0y. vpi7i'] op in a; vpon 5. an] on a. sey] ysey a. 

1901. pat huld] & held a; And helde 0yS. an] a B/875; o a. croiz] 
croiz in his hond a ; crosse in his honde ^87 ; crosse 5. ywrite] wryte 
/3 ; wryten y ; y wrytten 5. was] was ber on a$y. ^- \>er on] 
om. a^y. 

1902. Constantin] Costantyne B. \>orn] lo bro) S. \>es] bis Bafiy^. 
siyne] tokne a ; token ;3 ; tokyn 7. 

1 903. he\>ene )>ei /te] bei he hebene o. ; bon^ he heben fiy ; bou^ he 
hebenne S. 

1904. An"] A B ; O a/37. stede] stude Ba. is] om. a^y, a 6. rt< 
vure] bi fore B ; to fore afiy ; afore 5. 



13G 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Mercio 
Maxencij. 



capcio 
rome. 



baptisacio 

constan- 

tini. 



Siluester. 



Maxencius J?o he wste him come ' he adde of him gret 
doute . 1905 

He let at rome an stronge dich . make al aboiite • 
& Deop a^en constantin • & a^en is route • 
Vor to holde hom ]?er ]>ov\i • wanne hii come wi]?oute • 
As he was aboute J?is dich • he ne gan nott muche 

winne • 
Vor he velle an alle midde • & adreinte J^er Inne • 
pere ]>oru vertu of ]>e croiz • he was sone ouercome • 
& constantin adde also sone • ])en toun inome • 
Constantin ne com nour • in bataile non • 
pat he nadde ]7oru ]?e croiz • ]?e maistrie of is fon • 
So ]7at he him vnderstod • of ]>e beste won • 1915 

& of seint siluester • ]7e pope • he let him baptisi 

anon • 
& he was as it is iwrite • pur mesel J?o • 
& he bicom in is baptizinge • hoi of al is wo • 
Sein seluester was pope ]70 • & j^e verste f'at j^er com • 
Of alle popes ]7at deyde • wi)>oute martirdom • 1920 



1905. wstel wiste Ba)8 ; Tvyst y. he'] oni. a0y5. 

1906. an stronge dich] a strong dich B ; o gret dich a; o gret diche ; o 
grete dyche y ; a grete diche 5. make] maki^en a ; maken Py. 

1 907. Deop] dep B ; dup a. is] al is B ; al his afiy. 

1909. As] And as 5. was] went Py. 7ie] om. S. 

1910. velle] fel ^Bafiy. an alle midde] al amidde B ; on aire midde a ; 
in hit amyddes jSy ; al amydde 5. adreinte] dreynt hyniB; adreinte 
him a ; adreynte him /Sy ; drcyut was 5. 

1911. pere];>oru] |?oru )>e B. 

1912. constantin] costautyu B. \>cn] he B ; hauc a; J^at /SyS. 

1913. Constantin] Costantyn B. nc com nour] ne com nowcr B ; 
ueuere ne com a. ; neuer ne com ^y ; neuerc no come 8. non] Ba ; 
none ;8y5 ; nom A. 

1914. nadde] ne haddc &y. is] om. B. 

1915. him] om. y. 

1916. seint] om. a/SyS. he let him baptisi] liym let baptize B; him let 
foUi o ; him lete crysten ^y ; was Baptized 5. 

1917. Omitted in ajSyS. 

1918. Omitted iu u/SyS. J>aptizini)e] baptizing B. al] om. B. 

1919. Sein] Seynt BjS ; Seint a. Yer] om. 5. verste] first B. 

1920. popes] \>e popys S. 



KOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 137 

Vor ]7er nas non biuore him • ]?at ymartred nas • 
Of |?e luper emperours • vor ecli lie]?ene was • 
An churche of seint Ion |'e baptist • constantin let rerc • 'f "^cio cc- 
& clnped IS constantiniane • vor he ybaptized was pere • 
Of seinte peter & seinte poul • ano]?er he rerde also • [87.] 

«fc in strong niastling • he a}? J^erinne • boj^e hor bones 
ido . 1926 

Octauus rex. 

Of Seint laurence he rerde ano]?er • of Seint anne foi. a.-j. 

ek on • 
tfc of o]7er halwen J7at nite stonde]' • he rerde monion • 
po sende he seint eleine ys moder • pat wis was wide inucncio 

ikud . ^i""'^'^- 

To ieriisalem to seche ]7e croi^ • ];at j^er was yhud • 
So |?at he was ]7er yfounde • j^e biginingge of may • 
As Ze abbe]? ofte yhurd • ]>e holi rode day • 



1921. 7ias] was fiyS. ymartred'] ymartired a; he martired B; he 
ymartired ^y ; marth'ed 5. /ms] ne was 5. 

1922. /wj^cr] lu^ere o. ec/t] cche B ; echo of hem /SyS. 

1923. All] A B ; O a/37. rere] arere S. 

1924. duped is] clepude jtB; clepede hit a ; calHd hit /Sy. constan- 
tiyiiane] costantiniaue B. ybaptized was] was ybaptized B ; baptized 
was /87S. 

1925. Sf seinte poul] & of poule B. 7-crdc] rerede B. ano);>er] on 
ojjer a. 

1926. he a\>] bu)? a ; beu )3 ; bene 7; beth 5. bo\)e hor bortes] her boK 
bodyes 5. 

1927. Of] Andof/37. ano\'cr] onoKra; one oj^ere ;37. of] & of 
0)875. amie] anneis Ba ; Anneys ^y. 

1928. o]per] oj'erc a. halwen] seyntes B ; haleAvene a. rerde] rerede 
eke B. inonioii] manije on a (& passim). 

1929. eleine] heleyne ay ; helyne ^. ivis] om. 0^875. ivas wide 
ikud] was ykud B ; was wide kydde fiy ; wyde was kud 5. 

1930. \>e] t-at o. yhud] hidde fiy ; longe yhud 5. 

1931. he] it B7 ; hit afiS. \>c] in \>e a&yS. biginiugge] by gyng B. 
may] \>q may B. 

1932. Y abbe\>] he habbe}> a ; )e huue S ; we haue ^87. yhurd] harde 187. 
J'c] vpon a S. holi] bolide o. 



rex. 



138 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Constantin let also • In ierusalem cherchen rere • 
& wide aboute elles ware • cristendom to lere • 
So ]?at Jjoru godes grace • so noble mon he was • 1935 
pat ]?er nas prince in al J^e world • ]?at vnder is poer 

nas • 
pre vnclen is moder adde • J?at on het leonyn • 
& traen ^e o]?er het • & J?e J^ridde marin • 
Alle J>re constantin • nom wi]? him to rome • 
& grete louerdes |?oru him • alle ]?re ]7er bi come '1940 
A N erl jjer was in j^is lond • octaui was is name • 
Komeins ]mt here were bileued • he dude ofte ssame • 
Octauus & Slou vaste her & ]?er • & J'at me ssolde vewe ise • 
pe brutons hii hin crounede ]?o • hor king vor to be • 
po ]?is word com to constantin • he }>otte wat was to 

done • 1945 

Traen is moder vncle • hider he sende sone • 
Wi]? gret poer ynoii • to winne ]?is kinedom • 
At an hauene bi sou]?e • ]^is folc alonde com • 



1933. Constantin^ Costantyn B. Jet also] let o chirche a; letc o 
chirche 1878. cherchen rere] chirches rere B ; \>o rere a ; )>an rere 
fiy ; \>o arere S. 

1934. wide . . . ware] wyde whare allaboute 5. 

1937. vnclen] vnclene o; vncles 5. het] hatte B; hi)t fiy. leoni/n] 
Honyn B ; leomin 7. 

1938. traen] traben Ba;875. \>e] \>o B; J^at Sy. het] hette B; 
hijt j8 ; highte 7. inarin^ het Marin a ; hi^t Marin I3y ; hcte Marine 5. 

1939. constantin] costantyn B; t>is constantin 0/87. worn wi\> him] 
mid him nom a ; with him toke J87. 

1940. alle ]>re )>er] alio hi \>cv a; J>ei alle J>er 187. 

1941. An] On a; Ane ;3 ; One 7. 

1942. here wei-e] here B; were her a; were here 1873. hilcaed] hy 
lefte S. ofte] gret a^y. 

1943. slou] slow hem B; slou ham a ; slon^ hem ^875. ^' \>at] J>at 
Ba/375. me] men (87. 

1944. hii hin] hym B7 ; him o/35. 

194.5. po] cm. B. Constantin] Costantyn B. icat] ova. B. was] 
om. a/37. 

1946. Traen] Trahen Ba;87. hider he sendc] he sende hedyr 5. 

1947. Wi\>] Mid a. 

1948. an] one a. ^nu);>e] sought 7. J^'s] J>es S. alonde] o londe 

B ; on londe 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 139 

pe king was of horn iwar • aten horn he sette • bellum. 

Bi side winchestro in a feld • to gadere hii horn mette • 
Bataile hii smite ]>er • & to grounde slowe vaste • 
So }>at octaui king • aboue was atte laste • 
&5 traen &; moche of is folc • ywonnded ney to de]7e • 
Flowe to se in hor ssipes • & ofscapede vnncjje • 
To scotlonde hii wende al bi watre • & )?er hii gonne 
ariue • 1955 

& gaderede |?ere al niwe ost • azen ]>is kinge bliuc • 
& robbede uaste & bamde • al ]?e contreie aboutc • victoria 
Vre king wende ]?uderward • iiast mid is route • rum. 

IN westmoiiond hii mette horn • & gonne fi^te bliue • 
pat vre king octaui of scapede . vnnej^e aliue • 1960 
Ac ofscapede in to norwei • to winne him help vaste • ^'^^- ^^^ 
po was traen al a louerd • j^e wule it wolde ylaste 
Ac as he out of londone • wende in an tyde • 
A gret erl him kepte ]/er • in a wode bi syde • 



Occisio 
traen. 



1949. hear'] war ; ware y. ayen'] & a^en $y ; aud ajejnie 5. 

1950. a feld'] \>e feld a; J>e felde ySyS. horn viette'] ham ymette a. 

1951. Bataile'] A Bateyl S. smite] smyten B ; smytteu 5. 

1952. kiiig] oiire kyng By; our king a; oure kynge j85. attc] at J^e a. 

1953. traen] trahen Ba^Sy. ywounded] wounded /8 ; woundid 7. 

1954. Flowe] And y flowe 5. sc] )>c see /Sy. in'] to BajSyS. 
ofscapede] ascaped ^y ; escaped 5. 

1955. To] Vn to 5. al] om. B. \>er] om. y. Iiii] oni. (i. 
gonne] by gon to 5. 

1956. gaderede] gedered y. niwe] any we a ; a newe /SyS. a'^ycn] &. 
a^en j8 ; and ayein 7. ^is] J>e B. bliue] biliue B. 

1957. barnde] brent fiy. al \>e contreie] al Jjb contrei B ; he contreiie 
al a ; he countreyc al ^y. 

1959. gonne] gan to 5. bliue] biliue B- 

1960. pat] Ac B. ofscapede vnne\>e] vnnehe ascaped 5. ofscapede] 
ascapede a ; ascaped ^y. aliue] oliue B. 

1961. Ac] He B; And a; And so ^y. ofscapede] ascaped /SyS. 
norwei] norewei%e a ; Northwey fiy. winne] viuno a. help] 
helpc a. 

1962. al a louerd] al on louerd a ; al one lorde fiy ; alle lord 5. ylaste] 
laste B ; ilaste a ; alaste ;3 ; last yS. 

1963. wende] wente B. a«] a B ; one afiy. 

1964. A] O a^y. him kepte \>er] here him kepte 5. a] one a/3- 
hisyde'] syde By ; side 3. 



140 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Mid an hondred kni^tes . yarmed wel ynou • 1965 

pis prince al an onywar • toward liom drou • 
Keditus Hii come a^en him onywar • & slowen liim al vor nott • 
(H'taiu Si p^g tidinfve was ouer se • to be kinge ibrott • 

(luininacio. ^ " ^ ... ' 

He com hider sone a^e • ioiuol inou • 
& ]>e romeins ]?at he vond • to groundc vaste slou • 
[89.] po gaderede he so gret tresour • & also so gret route • 
& so gret poer ]?at he nadde • of no prince in J7e world 

doute • 
Vor ])ev nas prince non • J?at him durste arere strif • 
So ]?at he huld J»o p'is lond • in pes al is lif • 
concilium He esste of is conseilers • ]?o he to elde com • 1975 

Hou he mitte best do • of ]ns kinedom • 
Vor he nadde bote an dotter • wo mi^te is eir be • 
Some of is conseilers • hom gonne )ms bise • 
pat he ssolde nyme is neveu • }7at het conan • 
& Crouny him king of J^is lond • vor J7at he was man • 



regis de 
re-juo 



19G5. (in'\ ou a. ho?i(Ircd'\ huudreth . 

1966. al an onywar'\ al vn ywar B ; al in on oniwar a ; al in vnware jSy ; 
al vnware 5. drou\ J^o drou a-; J>an drou) &y ; >o drowj S. 

1967. co?«e] comen B. onywar'] vn war B5 ; on oniwar o ; vnware ySy. 
slowcn'\ slowe Ba ; slow) j8 ; slough y ; slouj S. 

1968. tidinge] tiHng B ; til^inge a ; ti^iuges ySy. icas oner se] ouer sue 
was a ; ouer \>q see was ^78. hinge] king a. ihro-^t] sone ybroit 
B ; sone ibrout a ; soone broujt fiy ; soue ybroght S. 

1969. He] The kynge fiy. hider] om. /8. aye] a)eyn B; ajen a^y. 
inou] ]?o y nou a ; Jjo ynow) S ; >an ynou) ^y. 

1970. J>e] \>o B. slou] he slow B ; he slou^ S. 

1971. he so gret] he gret aS ; J^e kynge $y. so] om. a$yS. 

1972. ^] om. afiyS. nadde] ue haddc fiy. no] noneafiy. in J>c 
world] om. u/375. 

1973. nas] was ^y^. him durste arere] dorste arere him a ; durste 
arere him fiy ; dorst rere a)cnst him 5. 

1974. ho] om. a/SyS. 

1975. esstc^ ascode B ; eschtea; asked /87. of] at Baj37. clde] 
hulde a. 

1976. do] doiio/3; done 7. of] mid Ba ; with /375. \>is] his 0/378. 

1977. nadde] hadde $y. a7i] a B ; o 0/87. wo] ho B ; who a0y. 

1978. horn] hym B7 ; him a/3. gonne \>us] gan hus afiS ; thus gan 7. 

1979. nyme] om. $y; take S. het] hatte B; ihote was a0yS. 

1980. Crouny] crowne B/37. ^rt^] om. a/87. waw] stalcwor)'e man a 
st-ilwor|'r man Py. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 141 

&; lete is dotter spousi • mid richesse • ynou • 1981 

To ano}7er prince ellcsware • j^ere as is herte to drou • 

[OJl^er radde |?at he ssolde • al mid ]>e kinedome • 

[LJete is doctor spousy • to an prince of rome • 

[&] |>enne vor ]7e eliance • |?at were ^am so bituene • 

[H]ii miite J;is lond al in pes • holde wi)?oiite tene • 

So ]?at l^er was among hom • gret strif vor J?is dede • 

Craddok erl of cornwaile • is auis sede • 

pat a senatour of rome • yhote maximian • 

Was of ]e kimde of p>is lond • a sui]je noble man • 

Vor he was leolines sone • |'at eleyne vncle was .1991 

pe gode constantines moder • vor no betere nas • 

& wanne he was a prince of rome • tSs he were ek [yo.] 

]>er to • 
King here of j^is lond • suij^e wel it were ido • 
Siker me miite ]?anne be • to abbe here pays god .1995 fol. 3G. 
Vor he was ibore at rome • & of ]ns londes blod • 



1981. spousi] wedde 5. 

1982. aiwi>e]-'} on o^er a; somme o^ev $y. \>ere] om. Ba^Sy. 

1983. radde'] radde radde a ; redde y. 

1984. Lete] Late B. spousy] spouse jS-y; wedde S. an] on a; one 
ySy. prince] hey prince B ; heije prince a ; hegh prince j8 ; high 
prince y ; hy^e prince 5. 

1985. \>e] om. afiy. eliance] aliance B; elyaunce a; aliaunce ^7. 
were] ^er were 5. yam so] hem B ; so ham a ; so hem fiyS. 

1986. \>is lond . . . pes] in pees al ^ys londe 5. ivi\>oute] wythouten y. 

1987. So\>at] Tho5. 

1988. erl] vrl a. is] hy B. sede] \>o sede a; ))an sede /3 ; than 
seyde y ; \>c sede 5. 

1989. a] o a^y. yhote] bat callid is fiy. 

1990. suilpe] ry)t fiy. 

1991. leolines] leonines afiy. eleyne] eleue B; helyue a/8 ; hcleyne y ; 
Elene ys 5. 

1992. model-] sone moder A. 710] nou B ; none I3y. 7ias] i>cv nas 
a^y. 

1993. iva7ine] whan 0.$. was «]was o a ; were o 0y ; was S. ^•] ^ef 
B; yi{aPy; yf 5. 

1994. here] eke her B. toiul] h)nde o/3. sui\>e] ry^t I3y ; Ryght 5. 

1995. here] her a/S. pays] pees PyS. 
19 9G. ibore] borne 0y. 



142 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Missio 
rome post 
maximia- 
Diua. 



& vor he was of ]?is kinges kiinde • J'at of ]?i.s londe 



was 



2000 



2005 



pe betere pays ]?er ssolde be • uor j^e ri^tuol cas 

Conan pe kinges neueu • ]>o he hurde j^is • 

Was wro]? &5 destourbede • al ]?e court iwis • 

& naj^eles craddoc him hekl • al euene & stille • 

& ]>en king stilleliche • bro^te al to is wille • 

To rome he sende morice • ]7at is owe sone was 

Stilleliche to maximian • to telle him of ]?is cas • 

per was J^o contek at rome • bituene maximian • 

& j?e emperonr ];at was )?o • ]?at het gracian • 

po morice )^uder com • & vau-e was vnderfonge • 

& yhurde ]^is contek • J'at ylaste longe • 

To \>is senatour he sede • Sire maximian • 

Wy artou so Sore adrad • of ]?is gTacian • 

Wanne ]70u miit of him god wey • in to al |?in wille 

Vor com mid me to britaine • & ]?ou ssalt }>ere king be • 



2010 



1997. hinges'] om. a^yB. londc] loud Ba. 

1998. hetere] beter B. pays] pees fiy. \>c] \>a.t afiyS. 

1999. hurdc \>is] ihurde l^is a- hard of J^is ^y. 

2001. ^] Ac a; But fiy. Sf] om. afiy. 

2002. \>en] \>q B ; >ane a • Jeanne fi ; thanne the y ; J>at S. 

2003. owe] owne B ; owen j3 ; om. y. 

2004. Stilliche to maximian] Pryueliche to maximian B ; To Maximian 
al stille afiyS. 

200.'j. contek] stryfB. maximian] his maximiau BajS7S. 

2006. \>e] po B. was \>o] \>o was aS ; }>au was I3y. het] hatte B ; 
icleped was a ; callid was $y ; cleped was 5. 

2007. po] \>o J?at aS ; Whenne J>at jSy. was] om. S. 

2008. yhurde] herde B ; harde fiy. \>is] of }>is fiyS. ylaste] hit 
laste o ; hit lasted j8 ; it lastid y ; last hadde 5, 

2010. aj-tou] ai't )>ou o. so sore] om. fiy. gracian] gartian a. 

2011. Whanne] Wen B ; Whan a. of] fro /3; from y. god wey] go 
wei o ; go awey jSy. in to al] al to "Ba^yB. \>in] J>i a^y ; Jjy 5. 
wille] wal 5. 

2012. com] cum l^ou 5. britaine] BretayneB; bruteinc a ; BrutayneyS. 
JjoM . . . be] king ]>ou schalt )>er beo a ■ kynge J>ou schalt l^er be )3 ; 
kyng there slialt thou be y ; kyuge \>qx ]>o\x schalt be 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 143 

Vor ])e king nou in is elde • na]; non eyr ywis • 

Kiinde bote is dorter one • |?at him vol lef is • 

& he aj> god wille to ]>e • as me de|; him to vnder- [91.] 

stonde • 2015 

pat ]?ou ire spousedest nor f'ou art • of kundo of ]>e 

londe • 
& Such mi^te wan it so is • Jjou mi^t }?er ];orii avonge • 
pat ]70u mitt perauntre rome winne • ar come outt longe • 
Vor ])i gode cosin constantin • Rome wan al so • 
& mani o]7ere of ure kinges • in ]>is manere com ]?erto • 
po ]?is maximian • vnderstod al J'is • 2021 Maximia- 

He dude him sone hiderward • mid gret poer ywis • br^tau^nie 
He ariuede at sou]? hamptone • as J^e wind horn adde 

ylad . 
po vre king hurde J?er of • he was somdel glad • 
Laste he vor vuel icome • ac ]>o he wste wat he was • 
He vnderueng him vaire ynou • & conseilede of pis cas • 



2013. 7jom] om. a^yS, is'] om. B. na\>'] ha}> 0y ; liathe 5. nun'} 
no a. 

2014. Kunde'] Of kynde 5. vol lef] ful luf a. 
2015, 2016 transposed in afiy. 

2015. §•] om. al3y5. de\> him to] don P ; done y. to] om. fiyS. 

2016. spousedest] spouse fiy ; wedde 8. /luiule] \>e kjude B5; \>e 
kunde a ; kynde Py. \>e] that 7. 

2017. Such miyte] )ut )?ou myt a ; ^it )50U mi^t ^87 ; ^it jjou myght 5. 
waji] whanne a ; when ^y. ]>ou miyt] suche myte a ; suche my^te 
Py ; suche myght 5. avenge] fouge afiyB. 

2018. perauntre] par auenture a/8 ; per aueuturc 7. ar] or hit /3o ; 
or it 7. come] be 5. ou-^t] out a. 

2019. cosin] om. S. constantin] costantyn B. Home iuan'\ of rome 
was a/375. 

2020. Mia?«j] mani^e a. o\>cre] om. a)37. /«] on a5 ; of/37. 

2021. po] Whannc ^y. \>is] >at 0)875. 

2022. Am]om. /3. yretpoer] power gret /87. 

2023. Aom] hym B/37. y^ai^] lad /8 ; ladde 7. 

2024. vre] vne A ; oure a/37. hurde] ihurde a ; hard fiy. )>cr of] 
her of Ba75 ; here of j3. glad] adiad Ba/3 ; adradde 75. 

2025. Zas<e] Leste B ; Lest ^87. he] he hadde aj875. ac J^o] but when 
(87. wste wat] wiste wad B ; Aviste what a ; wist what ^y ; wist how 5. 

2026. vnderueng] vnderfonge ^87. conseilede] conseilede him a ; coun- 
seiled him fiy. )>is] )>q B. 



144 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Some sede J^at him betere were • take is neueu conan • 
pe kinedom of |?is lond • & some maximiaN • 
fol. 36 b. (Sj some an heymon of ]?is lond • ];at he is dotter 
toke • 
& |?is kinedom wi); ire • vor he it wolde best loke • 
Ac is nexte conseil naj^eles • J?at he mest vnder stod • 
Radde him to maximian . ]>&t was of so hey blod • 
Of ]>e gode quene eleyne • tfe of |?e gode eonstantin • 
pat was king here of ]>is lond • & emperour atte 
fin • 
[92.] & of ]:>e kinges blod cole • king of ]>is londe he com .2035 
pat god it were to al ])e lond • to take him ])e kinedom • 
spousio pe king & J?e meste men • hulde al J)is wisdom • 
filie regis, g^ j^^^^ ^^ kinges doiter • mid |?is lond he nom • 

Ac conan )?e kinges neueu • ne likede nott ]?is game • 
He tarkede poer a^en him • to don him alle ssame • 
Ac is poer lute was • vor ])e king was euere aboue « 
So ];at atte laste • hii were ybrott in loue • 



2027. \>at Jmn'] hit a)3 ; it 7 ; liim 5. betere were'] wer beter B ; were 

betere a ; were better ^yS. take'] tak a. 

2029. an liei/vion'] on hey man a ; on hey^e man ; on high man . 
20.30. \>is'] ys B ; his 7. wi\> ire'] mid hiire a. wolde] om. S. ivolde 

best] best wolde ^y. 

2031. Ac] & a^y. 7iexte] hext BS ; hexte a ; hey^est /3 ; highest y. 
conseil] man fiy. he mest] he moste 7 ; meste he S. 

2032. Badde] Redde 7. \>at] for he B5. of] om. 5. hei/] hcyo 
o ; hye 5. 

2033. gode] noble 5. eleyne] elene B ; helyne ay. gode] noble Ba;37. 

2034. atte fin] at )>e fyn a ; good & fyn j3 ; good and fynne 7. 

2035. londe] lond o. 

2036. to al] te al A. 

2037. \>e meste] ys meste B; his hexte a; his hey^est j8 ; his highest 
7 ; next S. hulde] hulden o ; helden ^y ; \>&y helde 5. al] om. 5. 

2038. \>c] >is ^37. 

2039. Ac] Sc a^y. ne] om. 5. 

2040. yar/icde] araydc 5. ayeti him] him a^en 0^37. don] om. B. 
him] hem y375. 

2041. was euere] euer was /3. 

2042. atte] actc A ; at K' a^y. were ybro^t] were brou^t fiy ; acorded 5. 
in] w' 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 145 

Bi gracianes day ];e emperour • al j^is was ich wene • 
Aboute ]7e zer of grace • ]>re hundred • & sixti & seuen- 

tene • t?„ j-. 

Kex uadit 
Wi}>inne vif ter her after • ))e king so prout bicom • armore. 

Vor ]>e grete tresoui' nameliche • J'at he al day nom • 

pat he nas no^t one ypayd • to abbe ]>is kinedom • 

Bote he adde france al so • wij? sstreng}?e wip'oute dom • 

He nom \vi|? him of is lond • gret pore ynou • 

&; to J7e lond ]7at was icluped armore he drou • 2050 

pat bruteine is nou ycluped • as he it nemde l>o • . ^ . 

^ , . . victoria 

Viftene |?ousend hors ywrie • j^er were aien him & mo • maximifni. 

Of J7e lond of fi-ance • & of o]?er lond bi syde • 

pere hii smite a bataile • ]7at couj? was wel ^dde • 

pere was J^e due of fi-ance • aslawe • & al is folc ney • 

po ]>e king maximian • ]7is grete slatt ysey • 2056 

He was glad uor he wuste wel • to winne al is wille • [93] 

Conan ]?e quene cosin • he clupede j^o al stille • 



2043. d(i>/'\ dayje a. einperour'] amperours a. al J>/s ivasi t)ls was 

as Ba/SyS. z'c/i] I ^yd. 
•2044. Aboute'} After afiy. §• sixti'j om. aS ; ^eer )3 ; yere y. 
2045. her] om. B ; Jjer a^y. >e] t>is B. 

2047. was] was ^yS. 7ioyt'\ om. S. owe] ene B ; om. al3y. ypayd] 
apayd a ; apaied j3 ; apayed y^. 

2048. wi])'] in a^y. loi^toute] withoutcn y. 

2049. nom] toke fiy. is] Hs a^y ; )>ys 5. pore] power Ba^Sy. 

2050. icluped] yclepud B; icieped a ; callid ySy. 

2051. Vat] There 5. hruteine] breteyn B. is jiou'] is uou)>e a ; 
now ys S. ycluped] clepiid 5 ; ycluped B ; icieped a ; callid 0y. 
7ieTnde] nempde B ; nemnede a ; nempned 5. 

2052. ywrie] ywryje afiy. 

2053. lond] londe a. of] om. aS. o\>er] oj'ere a. lond] londes 
B ; eke a$yo. 

2054. S7nile a bataile] o bataile smite a ; o Bataile smyte By ; a bateil 
smytten 5. wel] ful B/S^S ; fol a. 

2055. aslaive] yslaw B ; slayu 187 ; yslaj-n 5. folc] men 5. 

2056. po] When By. \>e] \>\s afiy. \>is (jrete slai^t] al \>\s slant a ; 
al J^is slaujter By ; alle Jjys slaught S. ysey] yseye B ; syje S. 

2057. uor he wuste wel] & wiste wel aBy ; & Jjo he wist S. «/] J)o 
al Ba5 ; J^an al By- 

2058. clupede] callid ySy ; clepud 5. \>o al] out \>o B ; owte )>o 5 ; }po 
out wel a ; )>au cute wel B ; than oute full y. 

K 



rex. 



146 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He bigan somdel to lyhe • we abbe]? nou he sede • 
Ywonne an ende of france • of ]>& o]?er nis no drede • 
pei ich be king of Bruteine • J?at was ]nn vncle lond • 
Ne be noit sori J^er uore • nor icliolle abbe more an 

bond • 
Icholle p>e make of j^is lond • king ]?ou ssalt yse • 
& ]7is lond al be j^in • & |?e oj^er bruteine be • 
Vor honour of bruteyne • to wan J'ou addest kunde • 
pe o]7er brutainel hit ssal bote • as to abbe of J^e 

munde • 
Deliuery we ssolle it of ]?is folc • ]?at her Inne is • 
& of folc velle it vol • of ure kunde ywis • 
Couan fit Conan buyde adoun to him • & J^onkede uaste • 

& bihet him to serui triweliche • J?e wule is lif 

ylaste . 2070 



2059. somdel to lyhe'] lyje a ; lye fiy ; >o to lawghe 5. a6ie)>] haue fiy. 

2060. Ywo7inc'] Wonne S. an ende'] B ; amende A ; on ende o ; one 
ende )8 ; oon ende y; )>e on ende 5. o)>er] o|>ere o. nis] is ^y ; 
ys 5. 

2062. Ne be] Ne be \>ou 'B^y; Ne beo t>ou a ; Be >ou 5. noyt] not B ; 
uor] om. a^y. icholle] ich wol B ; ich wole a ; I wol /S-y ; I wil 5. 
nout o ; nou^t ^y ; no>ynge S. sori \>erforc] fol sori a ; ful sory fiy. 
an hoiid] on hond a ; on honde jSy. 

2063. Icholle] Ych wol B ; Ich wole o ; I wol $y ; I wil S. \>e make] 
make he Ba5 ; make ^ee 0y. yse] it se 7 ; se 5. 

2064. Jj/s lo7id al] ^is lond B ; al J^is lond aySy ; alle >ys lond 5. be] 
schal be Baj85 ; it shalt be y. t>e o]>er bruteine be] litel Brutayne 
callid be ^y. 

2065. wan] warn B ; wha a ; whom /S^S. 

2066. brutainel] breteyne B ; bruteine a ; Brutayne fiy. hate] beo a ; 
be ^875. as] om. 5. oj \>e munde] to mynde 7. 

2067. Deliuery] Deliuere B7 ; Delyuer j8. we ssoile it] it we schul 5. 
her] hire B. is] nou is a; nowe is J87; now ys 5. 

2068. velle] fuUe B; we schollea; we schul ^878. vol] fulleoS; 
fillej37. 

2069. buyde] bowede B ; bowed ^y^. uaste] hym faste B ; him \>o 
fast a5 ; him ful fast fiy. 

2070. him to serui triweliche] to seme hym trewliche B ; him seruy treu- 
liche « ; trulye to serue him 5. serui] serve fiy. tcule] while Py. 
ylaste] laste B ; last 5 ; may last Py. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 147 

Hii -wende aboiite in to al ]?at lond • & heye tounes 

nome • 
& alle pG men j^at hii founde • hii slowe as hii come • 
& lete ]?e wimmen go aliue • tfc J^o hii adde al an honde • 
& adde yslawe al clene aboute • J^at folc of ]>e londe • 
In eche stude hii sette J?er • strong warnesture & god • [^4] 
Of folc of J^is londe here • & of hor owe blod • 2076 
pe king an hondred j^ousend men • of ]?is londe ek let 

uett[e] • 
& ]7ritti ]?ousend kni^tes • hor wardeins hii sette • 
& delde among horn al ]>e lond • & ^ef ech diuerse |?ing • 
& made conan of hom alle • & of J?e londe king • 2080 
& J7us was brutaine ywonne • ]7oru vre princes here • 
& after ]?is lond britaine • ycluped in ]7is manere • 
Maximian wende vor]^ • ]>or\i is grete maistrie • perquisicio 

& wan mid streng]?e al france • & sup\>e normandie • raucie. 
Vor he tef echmon J^at to him com • is porchas in ech 

londe . 2085 

So moche poer him com to • J^at him ne mitte no J>ing 

atstonde • 



2071. ill to al i>af] in al i>e B. 

2072. J>e] om. afiy. as] euer as By3 ; euere as ay. 

2073. lete'] let B. wimmen'] women y. go aline] alyue go afiy, 
]>o] Ba ; >e A ; when ^at ^y ; om. S. Mi] om. ^y. ari] on afiy. 

2074. adde yslaive] yslayu ^y. J>a<] >e 5. Jpc] that y. 

2075. Ill] On a5. warnesture] warnestur a ; warde fiy ; wardeyns 5. 

2077. an] on a. of] iu BajSy. ek] om. Ba/SyS. let] om. B. 
uette] fette B^Sy ; feche a. 

2078. wardeins] wardeinus a. hii] he Ba/SyS. 

2079. K'] J'at aPyS. yef] yaf y. 

2080. of hom alle] lorde of alle &y ; of alle a. of] of al B5. 

2081. was] om. 0y. princes] prince B. 

2082. britaine ycluped] yclepud Bretayne 5. ycluped in] icleped on a ■ 
callid on jSy. 

2083. wende] him wende a ; him went jSyS. 

2084. normandie] al normandije a ; al Normandye fiy ; alle Normandie 5. 

2085. in] on a5. 

2086. him com] fel hym B ; come him 5. ]>at him . . . i>in(/] J^at noJ>ing 
my^t hym B ; )>a ne myte ham no prince a ; >at \>cv my^t hem no prince 
jQy ; }>at J^ere myght no prince him 5. atstonde] astonde afiy ; 
w' stonde 5. 

K 2 



148 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& gracian ]?e emperour • at rome su]7]7e he slow • 
pat uor is ardy dedes • of him uor dradde ynou • 

occisio j^Q hoYu. he emperour I'at subbe com • yhote teodose • 

Maximian was swpye aslawe • maugre is nose • 2090 
& so ]>ei ssrewe robeours • abbe hor wille an stounde • 
& cheni in hor robberie • atte laste hit ge]? to grounde • 
[95] pe brutons ]7at maximian • of ]>is lond brotte ]>o • 

In J?e lasse bruteine bileue]? tut • & wor)? euere mo • 
tfe so ]?ulke bruteine • of |?is londe com • 2095 

More ]?oru streng];e as le se]> - j^an ]'oru rizt dom • 

fol. 37 b. Of ]>e lasse bruteine • conan |>at was ]7us king • 

Among horn nolde of )?ulke lond • abbe non menging • 
pe childern of ]?ulke kunde • ]?eruore he let sende • 
To heye men in ]>is lond • a^boute in ech ende • 2100 
pat of heie menne dottren • maidens me nome • 
Enleue ]70usend atte leste • & to him ]^at hii come • 



2087. graciani gartian a. at rome su\>\>e'] seJ'J^e at Rome a; sij^e at 
Rome fiy. 

2088. ardy'] hardije a. uor dradde'] me dradde Ba ; men drad /3 ; 
men dradde 78. 

2089. yhote] J?at yhote 5; Jjiit was callid fiy. teodose'] theodoseB. 

2090. was su)>))e aslawe] was slayn 5. maugre] magrei B. 

2091. >e/] t>e B; J^ei^ /8 ; thise 7; Vowy 5. ssrewe] schrewesyS; 
shrewes 7 ; schrewed 5. abbe] hadde B. an] at B; o afiy, a 5. 
stounde] stonde B. 

2092. cheui in] ekny a ; eke (87 ; echeu in 5. hit ge)?] it go\> B ; hi 
goj' a ; Jjei goii fiy ; ]>ey goth 5. 

2093. lond'] londe a. 

2094. bileue]) . . mo] bileue)^ euere mo a ; bileued euer mo fiy ; ]>&j 
belefte euer mo 5. ivor\>] wro}> A ; schul B. 

2095. bruteine] Britoiis 5. lo7ide] lond Ba. 

2096. as Y se\>] as )e ysej? B; om. 0/875. ;/j<] rijte a. 

2098. nolde] wolde ^37. non] no Ba;875. menging] mjTigyng B 
moting a ; motynge ^37. 

2099. pe] Ne ^afiy^. diildern'] children ySyS. kunde] londe ^y. 
/c<] lette B. 

2100. in] of Ba;87S. \>is] l^isse a. loud] londe a. 

2101. pat] And 0/378. menne] manue o; menncs /3 ; mennys 7 
mennus 8. me] >at me o ; Jjat men ;875. 

2102. Enleue] Ellene B ; Endleue o ; EUeuen fiy. hii] \>q fi; they 7. 



virgmum. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 149 

& of simple manne doitren • sixti Jjousend god • 

pat hii miite make hor kunde • al clene of hor blod • 

pis maidens were igadered • & to londone come • 2105 

Mani were glade ]>er of • & wel sori some • 

pat hii ssolde of londe wende • & neuer eft hor frend 

yse • 
& some to lese hor maidenhod • wiues vor to be • viigines 

^ , .. . . 1 • 1 in maii. 

po hu were in ssipes ydo • & in pe se ver were • [ge] 

So gTet tempest ]>ev com • J^at drof horn here & ]?ere • 
So ]?at J^e mestedel • adreincte were in )?e se • 2111 

& to o]7er londes some ydriiie • ]?at ne come neuere 

a^e • 
A king |7er was of hungiy • guayn was is name • occisio 

& melga king of picardie • |?at cou]?e ynou of ssame 
pe wateres uor to loki • aboute ]>e se hii were • 2115 
A compaynie of J^is maydens • so }>at hii mette J>ere • 



2103. simple manne doytr en'] simpler maydenes B. manne'] menues /8 ; 
mennys y ; mennus 8. sixti] an sixti B ; au sixty 5. yod] gode 
Ba. 

2104. make] maki^e a. blod] blode Bo. 

2105. igadered] ygedered B ; gadered /3 ; gedered y. come] y come 
B5 ; were icome a ; were ycomme /8y. 

2106. Mani] Mani^e a. wel sori'] ful sori B ; wel serine a ; ri^t sory 
iS-y ; ful sorye S. 

2107. of] oute of S. londe] londone a. ^-] om. y. eft] om. /3y. 
frend yse] frende se fi ; freudes se B7. 

2108. to lese hor] to luse hare a; to lose here 13 ; to lose her 7; for 
lesynge of her 5. maidenhod] maidenhed B. 

2109. in] in t>e B ; on a. ydo] do /8 ; om. y. se] om. B. 

21 10. coin] com ham to c ; come hem to fiy. 

2111. mestedel] mest dele /3 ; moste dele y. adreincte were] adreynt 
were B ; adreint was a ; adreynt was /Sy. 

2112. ydriue] driue /By ; ydryuen 5. i>at] and B. 7ie come] >ei 
come ;8y ; come S. iieucre] ner B. 

2113. A] O aPy. hungry] hongri B. guayn] Gnayn /3y. 

2114. melga] Malgo a^y 

2115. lohi] loke Bi3y 

2116. A] O a/Sy. compaynie] conpaini^e o.. \>at] om. ajSyS. hii 
mette] hi ymette a ; \>e\ mette /3y. 



150 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



guerra 
pictorum 
& scot- 
torum. 



To hor folie hii wolde horn nime • & hor men al so • 
Ac ]?e maydens wolde ra)7er deye • ]?an encenty ]?er to • 
po wende uor]? ]?e luj?ermen • & ]>e maidens slowe 

echone • 
So ]?at to pe lasse brutaine • ]?er ne come aliue none • 
Af ];e wowe J'at j^er aip . in j^is lond ybe • 2121 

poru ]>e emperours of rome • here le mowe yse • 
In o]?er manere of scottes • & picars as ich sede • 
Habbe]? iworred ]?is lond • icholle telle }'e dede • 
Guayn ]>e king of himgri • & ]>e king of py cardie .2125 
po hii adde as ichabbe ysed • mid so gret vileinie • 
Yslawe of ]?is maidens • }>at swete compaynie • 
Hii ]70ite to do ]?is lond • more tricherie • 
Hii vnderstode ]?at J7is lond • was ymad al clene • 
Of god folc )7oru maximian • & conan as at ene • 2130 



nime'] take 5 ; haue had $y. 

>e . . . deye'] rat)er hi wolde dey^e a • ra)jer J^ei 
enceiity] a cente B ; assenty a. ; assent fiy ; con- 



)pe] \)0 0y ; ]>Qse 5. echone] euerych- 

hrutaine] breteyne B. we] om. /S^S. none] 



i] on a. \>is lond] Engelond 



2117. hii] he B. 

2118. Ac] But fiy. 
wolde deye fiy. 
sente S. 

2119. wende uor)>] wente 5. 
one 8. 

2120. \>at] om. a^y. 
rijt none fiy. 

2121. wowe] woB. 
B ; J>isse londe a. 

2122. ]>e] om. B. 

2123. of] J>atBa; as ^y 
jow ^y. 

2124. Hahhe)> iworred] Hauewerred in/Sy ; Han y worred in 5. 
ich wol B ; ich wole ou a ; I wil )0u /85 ; I wole you y. 

2125. hunyri] hougri B. 

2126. ichabbe i/sed] ych haue yseit B ; ich seide oc ; I haue seide ; I you 
seyde y ; I seyde 5. vileinie] vilanije a ; o vilenye 5. 

2127. Ys/ait'e] Islayu /3; Yslayney ; SlaynS. «/] alle 7. )>«<] 

2128. Hii] Bi B. ^o-^te] J'Outen a; houjten ^y. more] \>o more 5. 

2129. ivas ymad] ymad was B ; was made fiy. 

2130. \>oru] J>at J'oru a. as at cne] I wene fiy. 



\>er] here ^y. 

yse] se jSyS. 
J>at Jje S, 



picars] picardes a^y. 



ich] I 
icholle] 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 151 

&, }>at hii imzte ]>is lond • al vor nozt Avinne • foi. 38. 

Hii gaderede folc vaste ]?is worre to biginne • 

To |?e se hii wende mid hor folc • ]>&t hii adde an [^7] 

honde • 
& come as horn leuest was • verst in to scotlonde • 
Toward J?is lond hii bigonne • vorto robby vaste •2135 
pat folc to sle & tonnes • & castles adoun caste • 
pe simple men ]?at here were • hor red ]>er of nome • Missio 
«fe sende after beter help • to J>e emperour of rome • ''^™®' 
AN due |?at het gTacian • fram rome me sende • 
pat mid gTct poer ynou • to jjis lond hider wende -2140 
pe lond vole J^o he hider com • to him turnede vaste • bellum. 
So ]?at J^er was slatt gret • ]>e wule it wolde ylaste • 
& |;is king of picardye • & al so is felawe • 
Were of come atte laste • |?at hii nuste wuder drawe • 



2131. >a^] om. a^r a/] as 0y. 

2132. Hii'] & a$y. gaderede'] gared /3. folc] hem folk S. i>is] 
\>e B. u-orre] werre &y. to] forto 5. 

2133. ivende] sende B. mid hor folc] mid ost a ; with ost ;37. an] 
on Ba/SyS. 

2134. come] comen a. horn] ham a; hem ^^y. in to] vp in afiy; 
vnto 5. 

2135. Toivard );)is lond] Hiderward a ; And hiderward /Sy. vorto robby] 
to robbe ri^t /8 ; to robby right y ; to robbe "wel 5. 

2136. Vat] The 5. 

2137. hor] om. a/87. ^^^ of] her of 5. nome] hi nome a; J>ei 
nome ^y. 

2138. beter] betere a; more B. 

2139. A71] A BS ; O a^y. het] hijt yS ; highte 7. me] was 5. 

2140. ynou] om. B. \>is lond] J^isse londe a. hider] om. 0^87. 

2141. pe] )^o B ; pat ay87. im turnede] turnede to hym B5 ; turde 
to him a ; turned to him /S. 

2142. sla-^t] slau^ter fiy. wide] while afiy. it] >at it 5. ylaste] 
laste B ; last ;87. • 

2143. Vis] the 7. 

2144. of come] ouercome a^y ; so of com 5. hii] J^e yS ; they 7. 
nuste wilder] nuste whider o ; nyst whider /3 ; nyst wheder 7. 
drawe] to drawe B/875. 



152 



THE CHEONICLE OF 



gracianus 
romanus 
fit rex. 



occisio 
graciani. 

reditus 
pictorum 
& scot- 
torum. 



[98.] 



Villiche hii were & wij? strengj^e • iclriue in to yrlonde • 
po adde gracian j^is loud • al clanliche anhonde • 2146 
He let him crouny king • & ]>o he al louerd was • 
Nomore ssrewe J^an he bicom • ich wene non nas • 
pat lond folc tede vor]? • & to gadere drowe • 
& ar he dude to muche wo • J?an foule ssrewe slowe • 2150 
pat ]>e king was aslawe • it was sone wide cou]? • 
In ech half fram londe to londe • nor]? & eke sou]? • 
So ]?at it to J^e kinges come • j^at wende to yrlonde • 
Hii porueyde ]7at hii adde • folc ynou an honde • 
Of norwey of denemarch • & also of scotlonde • 2155 
& barnde & to grounde slowe • vast in ]7isse londe • 
So ]?at ]?at folc of ]?is londe • al clene was ouercome • 
For ]?e king adde arst of ]ns lond • al clene ]?is kni^tes 
inome • 



aiilwnde'\ 

wo?*] 
yorj?] 



2145. Villiche . . . ^-] And so ]>ey were S. hii luere] om. a^y. 
idriue'] iwere idriue a ; were ydryue j8y. in to] to afiy. 

2146. graciaii] garciau a. al clanliche'] clanliche alle S. 
on honde Ba^7 (& passim). 

2147. crouny] )>o crowne B; \>o crouni a ; }>an croune fiy. 
J?o a; when /S-y. al louerd] a lord B. 

2148. No more] A more 5. bicom] bicam a ; bigan ^y. 
neuere a ; neuer ^y ; to fore him 5. 

2149. Vat] The S. yede] code B ; jeode a ; ]po wenten S. 
forjj J>o a ; fort>e \>o fiy. to yadere] to gider hem fiy. 

2150. ar] bar a ; er ^y. ^an] )>o B ; and )>ane a ; and >at ySy ; >at 5. 
foule] om. a/3y. s/owe] hi slowe a ; )>el slou^ )35 ; they slowe y. 

2151. Vut] f'o a; "Whenne /Sy. >e] }>o B. aslawe] yslawe B ; 
slayn j3 slayne y. ivide] om. B. 

2152. Ill] On ajSyS. ecA] eche Ba$. 7iori> if eke] bohe nor)) & B; 
bo)>e bi uorjpe & a/37 ; I'o!' northe & 5. 

2153. it] om. 5. it to >e kinges] to )>e kinges hit a; to Jjc kynges hit/Sy. 
<o] in to B5. 

2154. porueyde] poruei^ede a. \>a7i] on BaySy. 

2155. norwey] noreweyje a. of] andofBa/SyS. 

2156. barnde] brent 187. to grounde slowe] slowe to grounde afiy. 
in J?tsse] in J>is B ; on \>\s afiy. 

2157. \>at \>at] J^at J^e Ba/SyS. al clene was] was clene 5. clene] 
chene A. 

2158. arst of ] er out of a; er oute of ^ ; here oute of 7. of]>is 
lond . . . kni'^tes] al \>ii knyghtis oute of )>is lond 5. al clene \>is 
kni-^tes] J)e knyjtes so clene B ; )>e knijtes clene afiy. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 153 

Eft sone he sende tut to rome • wepinde wel sore • Missio 
pat hii ssolde hem in hore wo • ^ut helpe more • 2160 ^o"^*^- 
& hii hom wolde obligi • & sikernesse vinde gode • 
To here hom clene hor truage • ^e wule ]>e worlde 

stode • 
Eft sone tut ]>e romeins • hider poer sende • romam 

-tr • / • 1 ^ 1 veniunt. 

Knittes & o];er worreours • J?at to J^is londe wende • 
& in J)e souj^half ariuede • & in }»is londe her • 2165 
Hii gaderede folc ynou • J^at hii adde gret poer • 
& wende eft sone vp hor fon • J^at ne mitte ^am no^t 

at stonde • 
Vor some were a slawe sone • & some flowe out of 

londe • 
po J>is louerdinges of rome • al hor wille adde • 
Hii nome hore conseil &5 J^is folc • of J'is londe radde • 
pat hii bitwene ]?is lond & scotlond • ssolde an wal 

rere • 2171 



2159. he'] hi a ; heo B ; l^ei ByS. yiit] om. a/Sy. wepinde'] 
wepyng B ; weopiude a; wepynge By. wel] ful B. 

2160. hem . . . yut] in here wo ^et hem B; on hare sorewe )ut ham a ; 
on here sorwe ^it hem &y. 

2161. hii] om. B. /iom wolde ohliyi] wolde ham obligi a ; wolde hem 
oblige By- 

2162. here] bereu a. dene] om. afiy. ye wule] wyle B; J?e 
while aySy. 

2163. hider poer] power hyder B ; here power hider afiy. 

2164. worreours] werrours B ; werreours a; werryours fiy. 

2165. 8f in] ofB; & of a/SyS. 

2167. eft sone] faste B. vp] op a; apon /S; vpon y. ne] noon y ; 
cm, 5. yam] ham a; hem BySyS. 7ioyt] non a. at stonde] 
astoude a^yS. 

2168. For] And 7. a s/awc] y slawe B ; slayn/3; slayne 7. floice] 
flow B ; flowen By^- 

2169. louerdinges] lordes B^7. al hor wille] hare wille al a ; here wille 
al 187. 

2170. nome] nomen B. \>isfolc] \>q folk B. \>isfolc . . . londe] J;e 
lond folc a ; J>e londe folke 187. of] owte of 5. 

2171. pat hii] om. a0y. lo7id] om. 0^875. ssolde an ival] anne wal 
^e scholde a ; an (a 7) walle je schulde Py. an] a BS. rere] 
arere aj375. 



154 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[99] 



leuacio 
muri 
versus 
scottos. 



Strong & hey in eche stude • j^er no water nere • 
Fram J'en on se to |7en oJ?er . ];at were tarn bitwene • 
To lette tarn wanne hii come • horn to saui fram alle 

tene • 
Vor scotlond aj» euere ybe • a luj^er recet ylome • 2175 
Wanne j^er eni worreours • toward ]?is lond come • 
pe romeins sede ek J^at hii nolde • in none manere so 

wende • 
Out of hor lond hiderward • ne hor poer so sende • 
Ne to rokky hom so in ]>e se • ne hor lif an auntre 

do . 
Ac witye hor owe lond atom • & hor god al so • 2180 
& ]7at hii ssolde of hor iunge folc • teche vor to fitte • 
Vor hii na more in JjIs lond • nolde come ne miite • 
pat folc ]fo of j?is lond • ]>o hii nuste o]?er red • 
Bigonne to rere J^on stronge wal • as it was hom 

ised • 



2172. 171 eche stude'] on eche syde B5; on eche stude o. iiere'] were 5, 

2173. I>e7i on'] t>at on B ; >e o a'; >at o /SyS. ]>e7i] >at B/SyS ; >an a. 
yam] hem BySyS ; ham a (& passim). 

2174. lette] letten a^y. wa7me] wen B ; whan a; when fi. coTiie] 
come eftsone 5. Jtom to saui] & to saue hem B ; & saui eu a ; & 
saue ^ow 0y ; to saue hem 5. frar)i alle] fro B ; fram afi • from yS, 

2175. a] o a. recet ylome] rescette lome 5. 

2176. ivorreours] werrours B ; werrurs j8 ; werryours 7. toward] toy. 

2177. ek ]i>at] om. ajSy. none] no BySy. so] to 5. 

2178. ne] no 0y. so] om. fiyS. 

2179. to rohky hem so] to rokke hem so B; beon Irobbed a; ben 
yrobbid 187. an auntre] in auntre a^y ; in auenture 5. 

2180. Ac] Bote B; But fiy ; Bot 5. ivitye] wite B ; wytije a; kepe 
375. hor Otoe] heore B ; hare a ; here j8 ; her 7. atom] at hom o ; 
at home BySyS. 

2181 ^- \>at] And bad ^y. ^ \>at hii] Ac )e B ; Ac )?at hii a. of] 

om. 0^87. ho7'] oure B. 

2182. 7ia more] ne more B ; no more a^y. ne mi^te] ne >ey myght S. 

2183. Vat] Vo ]>s.t a ; Whenne t>at ^y ; The 5. >o of] of oj8 ; in 7. 
\>o hii 7iuste] nuste a ; wyst ^y. ojjcr] non o>er Bo ; none oJ>er yS ; 
noon other 7. 

2184. Bigonne to rere] Hy gonne arere o; Thei gonne arere/S; Thei 
gonne to arere 7. ];>on] >e B ; a 0^87 ; J?en a 5. it was ho7n] hem 
was ^PyS ; ham was a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 155 

Yrered he was strong ynou • as ]?e stede is tut ysene • 

Muche me moste suinke er • & j?er aboute spene •2186 

po ]>e wal was ^are ymad • a conseil hii nome • pariia- 

pat al ]?at conseil of j^is lond • to londone come • londomim. 

po hii were alle ycome • wisliche to Rede • 

pe bissop of londone • in ]?is manere hom sede • 2190 

Mi leue frend to telle tou • as Hs heie men me bede • concilium 

. . ' episcopi. 

Betere wille ich abbe to wepe • |?an to do oj^er dede • 

Vor pite it is of |?is lond • & of vre wrechede • 

After j^at maximian • vre folc gan awey lede • 

Alle vre knittes &; swaines • & alle vre longhede .2195 

& astored j^er wi]? oj'er lond • alas J^e deluol dede • 

Vor ^e be]? men bet itei^t • to ssofle & to spade • 

To cartstaf & to ploustaf • & a wissinge to wade • 

To hamer & to nelde • & to mercandise al so • foi. 39. 

pan wi]? suerd o]?er hauberc • eny bataile to do • 2200 



2185. Yrered'] Arered 078 ; Arerede /8 ; Arerde B. /«e] hit 5. 
ysene'] sene B ; I lene /8 ; ylene y. 

2186. suinke er] er swiake a ; er swynk fiy. 

2187. wal was yire] wal wes jare B ; wallys were 5. -^are ymad] ))ere 
made fiy. a] afiy. 

2188. )>at] J>e Bnj87S. to] schulde to B, come] >ey come 5. 

2189. po] & >o a ; And when (87. to] for to Bay87 ; forto jif S. 

2190. hom] him B. 

1191. frend] frendes fiy ; frendus 5. jom] hit eu a ; hit jou /3 ; it 

you 7. as] and 7. \>is] J)us 5. bede] sede a/87. 

2192. Betere] More afiy. ich abbe] haue y 7. i>an to do] t)ane do a, 
ol>er] eny o]per 5. 

2193. pite it is] hit is pite a^yS. wrechede] WTecched hede B. 

2194. ya7i aivey] fram eu (jow /3) awey gan a/S; awey from you gan 7; 
awey gan 5. 

2196. ]?er io'i\>] \>ex mide a. o]>er lo7id] an oj^er londe 0y. i>e] ^at B. 
deluol] deolful B ; dulfol a ; doiful $ ; doifull 7. 

2197. be\>] ben B/8 ; bene 7. bet iteiyt] beter ytajt B ; betere itaujt a ; 
better taujt /8 ; better taughte 7 ; better ytaujt 5. ssofle] schouele 
Ba^ ; shouell 7. 

2198. cartstaf] carstaf a. a wissiny] a fischyngB; in fuschingea; 
in furland j8 ; in furlande 7 ; to fysschynge 5. to] om. 5. 

2199. nelde] nedle Ba5 ; uedyl /3 ; uedill 7. mercandise] marchan- 
dise B ; marchautise /8 ; marchauntyse 7. 

2200. o\>er] or B. hauberc] mid hauberc a ; with hauberk 187 ; ham- 
berk 5, 



156 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[100] Vor wanne toure fon to ^ou comeJ> • ^e ne conne 

bote fle • 
Ase ssep to vore wolues • hou miite more wo be • 
& ye se biset tou al aboute • bote tweie weies te ne 

mowe J^enche • 
0}>er ligge adoun & be aslawe • o]7er fle & adrenche • 
Wor]? ]7er eni hope of tou • bote clanliche of al ]>is 

lond . 2205 

Al ]>e help & lokinge is • in oj^er mannes hond • 
& ]>e romeins hep anud • of hor trauail so sore • 
Of peril a se & eke a lond • ]?at hii nolle]^ come here 

nanmore • 
Hii wolle]7 raj^er bileue hor truage • ]^at te horn berej? 

atere • 
Ne conne te noit lerni ]?ing • J^at ze ne dude neuer 

er . 2210 



2201. yojire'] oure B ; eure a. jou] ow B; ou a. come)p'] come 7. 
ne conne] ue konne no jt B ; ne konne a ; ne can fiy ; con not 5 ; ne 
ne conne A. 

2202. to vore] do)> fore j3 ; doon from 7. 

2203. >e se] >ei 187. hiset] ys bysette 5. jo?<] ow B ; eu a. al] 
ova.. 0)878. bote tioeie weies] om. 0/875. ne] om. B. inotce] 
may 7. Yenche] o)?er J>enche 0^78. 

2204. 0\>er] Bote a ; But ^87 ; Bot 5. Hyge] lye 5. he aslawe] be 
slawe B ; beon aslawe a ; ben slayn ^37 ; ben yslayn S. Sf] or •) . 
adrenche] drenche Ba^78. 

2205. Wori> . . . }ou] Ther is none ope of helpe of jow y87. TFo;-J>] 
Wor B. eni hope] eny ope a; ony helpe 5. you] ow B ; eu a. 
bote] >an ben )8 ; that bene 7. of al )f>is] al >at B ; al J>is a5 ; of 
J-is ^87. 

2206. Al] But al 187. lokinge] longyuge $y. mannes] monue B; 
manne a ; menues ^87 ; mauere S. 

2207. be)>] ben j8 ; bene 7. anud] auyed B; anuyda; anoj-ed /S7 
anoyede . 

2208. a se] on se B ; in see a/3 ; in the see 7 ; in J^e se 5. a lond] on 
lond B ; in lond a ; in londe ;S75. \>at hii nolle\>] )>at heo mil B ; 
& nolle)? a ; and wille J87 ; and woUe 5. nanmore] no more Ba;875. 

2209. Hii . . . truage] Ac (But ^87) ra)>er Jse truage lete 0/87. ioolle];>] 
wol B ; woUe 5. 6ereJ>] here Py. ayere] ajcr Ba; by jere 5. 

2210. Ne] om. S. conne] come 7. Ier7ii] lerne lB$y. we] 
om. B5. dude] dede $y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 157 

Change ^oure hond & to \>e vs • of suerd & lance is do • 
Vor none men ne be]? strengor ]?en te • tif ze turnde 

j^erto • 
Me may yse a bondemannes sone • o]:'er wnle kniit 

bi come • 
& some gromes squiers • & su]?j7e kni^tes some • 2214 
Wanne le abbep> fourme of men • be]? men an alle wise • [loi] 
& tourneJ> loure hond to manhede • & wyte}? toure 

franchise • 

pis bissop J'at het goscelin • ]?oru hor aire rede • episcopus 

To I'e lasse brutayne • wende uor Ws dede • ^^.*^'' . 

minori 
King conan he uondede • & ano]7er of grete fani^e • britannie. 

King he vond in is stede • andrew was is name • 2220 

Sire king qua]? ]?e bissop • ^if ]?ou wolt under stonde • 

Deol ]?ou milt abbe in }?in herte • of ]?in kunde londe • 

Of ]?e more brutaine • as J^in elderne were ybore • 

Vor ]?ou wost wel maximian • & ]?e king conan her 

biuore • 



2211. Change] Turne)> afiy. ^•] om. a^y. to \>e vs^ to vse B; to 
)>ulke vs a ; to t^ilke vse ^87 ; to t>e vse 5. of ] t>at in a0y, is e?o] 
is ydo B ; also 5. 

2212. Vor] cm. a/87. none] no B/375 ; None a. Jie] om. 5. bei> 
strengor )>tn ^e] buj> strongore a ; ben stronger /S7. turnde] turnej? 
aj37 ; turne 5. 

2213. Me may yse a] Me sucj? a ; Men see]? 187. yse] se B5. a] 
om. aj37. sone] child a ; childe ^87. wide] while Ba,87. 

2214. squiers] and squiers ^a^y. se];>]>e] J^an 5. 

2215. an alle] on alle B ; in alle a; in al /87S. 

2216. -^oiire hond] eu a; jow J87. wyte\>] kepej? ^87; kepe)>e 5. 
youre] oure Ba5. 

2217. het] hatte B ; hi^t /8 ; hight 7. ^osce/m] gocelj-n B ; gocelin 
0/87 ; Gotelyn 5. Aor aire] heor alle B ; ar aire a ; alle here fi ; 
al ther 7 ; al hore S. 

2218. i>e] om. 7. 

2219. iiondede] fond ded Ba ; fonde dede ^y^. ^' ano\>er] an o)?er B ; 
& on oj^er a. ; and oj^er ;87. 

2221. wolt] wold a; wilt yS. 

2222. Z)eoZ] Dul a ; Doile /3 ; Dole 7. in Jx'n /je/7e] in herte a ; om. ^y. 
\>in] J>i Ba;37 ; Jjyne owii 5. 

2223. a«] Jjere 5. elderne] eldre B)87 ; vuldere a. ybore] borne fiy. 

2224. we/] om. 0/87 ; wel J>at 5. Sf \>e king] the kyng & B. \>e] om. 5. 
her] om. afiy. biuore] biforne ;87. 



158 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe bachelerie al ]?at a^t was • out of j^ulke lond nome • 
& astorede here J?is lond • «S5 J^e poer of rome • 2226 
& ]>e londes abouten vs • abbe]? wel under lite • 
pat per nis no vole bileued • ]>&t lond vor to wite • 
Hii slex]? & destrue]? al • ]?at J?er nis no ]?ing bi leued • 
Ware bi men mowe libbe • & al vor defaute of 
heued • 2230 

& ]>er nis no mon ];at kunde abbe • J?er to bote |?ou on • 
fol. 39 b. Help ]?in kunde eritage • & ]70u worst )?er king anon • 
responsio pg king bigan somdel to lyhe • |?o he hurde ]?is • 
'^ ' Ich abbe he sede sire bissop • such time yseye ywys • 
[102] pat inolde nott abbe uorsake J^at lond • wo me adde 
ibro^t ]?erto • 2235 

Ac so moche wrecchede ]?er is • }>at it nis nott nou so • 
& nameliche uor ]?e folc of rome • pat so moche seruise 

abbej? j^ere • 
pat in such ]?ralhede uor to be • ech god man lo]; 
were • 



2225. aZ] om. a/Sy. was"] wes B; was al a0y. i>ulke'] J^atB ; he afiy. 

2227. i>e'] om. B; al 5. ahouteii] abowte 5. ahbe\>'\ haJj/Sy; 
haue 5. vnder yte'] vnderstonde 0y. 

2228. ww] is y. bileued'] bilefd a. )>at lond vor to wite'] for to kepe 
J>at londe fiy. 

2229. slex\>] sle> Ba ; sleej> /SyS. destrue]>] destruye]? B ; destruijejj a ; 
distroie> fiy. nis] is 7 ; ys 5. no ]t>ing] noujt afiy. bi leued] 
bilefd a. 

2230. Ware hi] Bi whan a ; By whom 0y. Sf] om. a^y. heued] 
hefd a ; an heued 5. 

2231. ^] om. a/Sy. 7us] is 7 ; ys 5. mon'] mor /3. a66e] ha> BySyS. 

2232. \>in] )>i Ba^Sy. it;ors< J^er king] schalt be kyuge >er 0y ; worthest 
kynge S. 

2233. bigan'] gan B5, ///Ae] lyjhe B; lije a; lau) 0y ; laughe S. 
Awrrfe] ihurde a ; hard Bj3 ; harde 7. 

2234. yseye] seyu 5. 

2235. jnoWe ?ioi<] ich nolde noujt o; I wolde no)t 0y ; I nold 5. abbe] 
om. a^7. M-o me adde] who SO hadde me al3y. wo] ho B. ibroyt] 
brout a ; broujt)3 ; brought 78. 

2236. wrecchede] wrccched hed B ; wrecchid 7. J>cr] }>er inue ajSyS. 
it] om. B. it 7iis no-^t nou] now it is not 5. nis] is /37. 

2237. nameliche] om. 0/87. so] om. al3y. abbe]>] ha)> /87 ; han 5. 

2238. i>ralhede] j^raldam B. uor to be] bu> a ; ben P ; lyue 7. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 159 

pis lond ichabbe so fre her • j^at ine ssal to non herre 

abuye • 
Bote wite me fram );e kinge of france • ];at me de]> 

ofte anuye • 2240 

& vor to wite me fram him • inele nott hemie wencle • 
Ac uor min eldore adde )?ulke lond • ich segge J^e atten- 

ende • 
To bringe it a ten to hore kunde • icholle puder sende • 
Constantin my bro]7er • J^at god kni^t is & hende • 
& wel yfonded in armes • & tuo hondred kniites 

al so • 2245 

Wel ywrie wi]? j^e atyl • ]?at god dede mowe do • 
Mid ]?e folc of |>e lond • tif hii a^tes hep • 
& te mowe him makie loure king • wanne te tyme 

yse]?. 
pis constantin was of send • & ]?is kni^tes al so • 
& ssipes & hor atyl prest • such prowesse to do • 2250 



2239. so fre her'\ here so fre B/SyS; her so fre a. me . . . herre'] to 
non herre j schal B ; to no man ich (I ;8) ne schal o/3 ; to no man I 
shal y; to non heyer me schal 5. abuye'] abuije a; abije y8 ; 
obeye y, abowe 5. 

2240. me] om. B. fram] fro ^y. me de)> ofte] do> me ofte B ; ofte 
me de}' a; oft medoh ^y; ofte doj^e me 5. anuye] anyeB ; anuiie a ; 
anni^e ^ ; annoye y ; wowe 5, 

2241. After I. 2243 in 5. wite] witije o/Sy. me fram him] it fram 
wo 5. inele Jio-yt] y nyl not B ; ich nelle nout a ; I wol noit ; 1 wol 
not y; I nyl 8. heime] my self 5. 

2242. Ac] And y. eldore] vldure a ; eldres ffy. \)iilke] i>at Ba^yS. 
attenende] atte ende B ; at J>an ende a ; at Jje ende ySyS. 

2243. hore] oure B ; om. a^y. icholle] ich wol B ; ich wolle a ; I 
wole fiy. )?uder] J^eodere a. 

2244. Cofistantin] Costantyn B ; Bot Constantine 5. 

2246. ywrie] ywri^e a; ywrye B5 ; araied fiy. >c atyl] atyr o; 
atyre fiy ; armys 5. god] gode a. dede] dedes a ; dedys 0y. 

2247. hii] hui o. Vfl jifr ?• a-^ies] aujtes o5; oujtes 0y. 
bei>] beo}> a ; been $y. 

2248. him makie] him maki^e a; him make B^y ; make him 5. ^oure] 
om. afiy. ^e] ^at je 5. yse\>] \seo\> a ; se]> B ; seen fiy ; se 5. 

2249. CoHstantin] CostantjTi B. of send'] afsenda; oner sent /Sy. 
Yis] })es o. 

2250. §•] In to S. atyl] atyr a; atyre iSyS. to] for to B5. 



IGO 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[103] 

guerria 
inter pictoi- 
scottos & 
alios^ 



Advent us 
constan- 
tini de 
hritannia. 



pu^a. 



Ac hii ne mitte so rsbpe come • ]?at ]?e kinges tueye • 
Nere icome out of yrlond • w'ip gret poer beye • 
Of scottes & of picars • of Denemarch of norj^weye • 
pat euere abbe]? ]?is lond yhated • bote it were vor 

eye • 
Ver binor]7e hii bigonne • & hiderward vaste slowe • 
& caste adoiin j^is stronge wal • & tounes grete ynowe • 
pe brutons J>at mitte of scapie • bigonne vaste to fle • 
Some in roches • some in wodes • |?at reuj^e it was 

to se • 
^onstantin & is poer • annon al ]?is wrechedom • 

Atte hauene of totenais • stilleliche alond com '2260 
Glade were ])o J>is brutons • & ioyuol & proute • 
Hii come out of ]?e wodes sone ■ & of ]?e rocbes aboute • 
So J'at constantin adde • sone poer ynou • 
& toward ]?is luj^er men • norjjward sone drou • 



slowe'] 



2251. kinpes'] Inhere kinges a; lu>er kynges $y ; lu>ere kynges 5. 
tueye'\ twei^e a ; twei B ; two /S-yS. 

2252. Nerel Were fiyS. of] om. B. bei/e] bey B ; beije a; J^o )37 ; 
bo 5. 

2253. picars] picards a ; Picardes^Sy. of7wr];>ivei/e]oinoTwei'B; &of 
noreweije a ; & of Norweyje )3; and of Norwey y; & Norweye 5. 

2254. abbe\}] ]iai>^y; haueS. yhated] liatyd 5. tvere] heo a ; heffy. 
eye] eyje o ; eije ^ ; eye y. 

2255. Ver] For fiy. hii] om. B. hiderward] hider B. 
drowe B. 

2256. tounes grete] gret tounes a ; gret townes &y. 

2257. of scapie] ascapije o ; ascape $yS. to] om. a0y. 

2258. so?iie] and some y ; & smn S. reu\>e] routhe y. 

2259. Constantin] Costantyn B. §•] myd B; mid a; with fiy, 
annon] among Ba ; amonge /SyS. 

2260. Atte] At ^e Ba^7. totenais] tottenels a. aloud'] o lond B ; 
om. o/Sy. com] op com a ; vp come &y. 

2261. >o )>is brutons] J>o )>Q britones B ; \>o)>Q Britons 5 ; >e brutons ]>o a ; 
|>e Brutons )>an fiy. 

2262. Hii come . . . sone] Sone hi comen out of )>e wodes a ; Soone 
Jjei come oute of \>e woddes jSy ; Sone J^ey come owte of >e wodes 5, 
Hii come] Heo comen B. of];>e] om. 5. 

2263. coiiilantin] costantyn B. adde so7ie] soone hadde of ySy; sone 
hadde 8. 

2264. i>is] )je8 . lii\>cr] luthern y. drou] he drouj fiy. 



' MS. a^c. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. IGl 

Hii ciidde j^at hii were men • & slowe to grounde • 
& ])e prute of scottes • & of picars • abatede in an 

stounde • 22 GG 

Yor hii flowe ]?at miite fle • & some velle to gi'ounde • 
Hii mi^te segge wan hii come hom • ]?at hii hor per 

founde • 
To yrlonde hii flowe a^en • & elles woder hii mi^te • 
Hii ne ]?ou^te nott a gode wile • wi]> brutons to 

fi^te . " 2270 

pe brutons nome constantin • & glade )?oru alle J?inge • fol. 40. 
In ]>e toun of cicestre • erouned him to hor kinge • L \ 

pat lond was ]>o wel iwust • in pes wi]?oute strif • ^^g g^ j.^^^ 

per ne come no scottes }?uder • ne picards al is lif • 



2265. Hii} He B. cudde] kyd ^y. slowe'] slowe i>o a; slou^ 
}>an j8 ; slowe than y. 

2266. §•] om. B. ];>e prute of scottes'] ]pe prude of scottes B ; Scottes 
prute a ; Scottes pride $y ; ])e Scottys proude 5. Sf of] & JiafiyS. 
picars] picards a ; Picardes ^yS. abatede] abouten B. an] 
a BJ875 ; o a. 

2267. hii flowe] J>ei slouj ^y. mi-'yte] myjt nojt ^y. velle] 
fellid /3y. 

2268. seyye] say fiy. waii . . . hom] j>ere a/Sy. \>at hii hor per] 
her per hi hadde a ; here pere i>ei hadde 0y. hii] heo hadde B. 
founde] Ay ; y fonde B ; ifounde o ; yfounde ;8. 

Lines 2269, 2270 transposed in 5. 

2269. To] Vnto 5. flowe a-yen] flowen ]t>o 5. ^] om. 5. woder] 
wyder B ; whider o)3 ; wheder 7 ; wheder J>at 5. 

2270. \>ou-^te . . . wile] J^oute gode while o; )?ou)t good J^e while fiy. 
noyt] om. S. brutons] J^e brytones B ; \>Q bretoiis 5. to] for to 5. 

2271. nome] nome \>o Ba ; toke J^an ^y, constantin] Costautyn B. 
glade] were glad 5. 

2271. 2272. 8f glad . . . kinge] they crowned hym to kynge In the towne 
of Circestre and gladde thurgh al thynge y. 

2272. cicestre] circestre a/SyS. erouned] hi crounede a ; hei erouned /3 ; 
Jjey cro^vned 5. to hor] to here B ; to a;3 ; her 5. 

2273. Vat lond] pis B ; pis lond o ; This londe /SyS. was \>o] was so B ; 
was J^an ^y; t>o was 5. wel iwust] wel ywist B ; wel j'wist a ; ykept 
wel fiy ; wel kepte 5. wi)?oute] wythouten y. 

2274. per ne come] pat her ne come B ; Ne come J^er afiy ■ Ther come 5. 
no scottes )>iider] ne Scottes J^ider B ; no mo (more ^y) scottes hider 
a^y ; hydir no Scottys S. picards] pycars B. al is] bi his a/SyS. 



162 THE CHRONICLE OF 

iij fiiii pre sones he adde al so • Constance was on • 2275 

^^^^' & aurel & ambrose • gode children echon • 

Constance is eldoste sone • in godes seruice • 
Monek he made at winchestre • & dude as ]>e wyse • 
Godman he was ynou • & gode lawes uorj? caste • 
& god pays was al is lif • & to lute wule it laste • 
occisio Vor}> }>er com a pycard • |?at is maners wel wuste • 
regis. p^^ Yie louede wel ynou • & muche to him truste • 

He ladde him in to an orchard • as it gret neod were • 
To speke wi]? him priueliche • f'at no mon ywar nere • 
Ac J>o hii were al bi hom sulue • & no mon horn 
ney • 2285 

He drou is knif & slou ]>e king • ]>a,t no mon it ne 

sey. 
He was sone vor}> iwent • ar eny mon were iwar • 
po me adde al isouit • ]?e kinglai ded ]?ar • 



2275. he addel ha hadde he hadde a. constancel costantyn B. on'] 
>at on a ; )>at one /85 ; that oon y. 

2276. aurel] aurely ByS^ ; aureli a. ambrose] uter B. echon] 
euerychone 5. 

2277. Constance] Costanteyn B. eldoste] eldeste Ba ; eldest ySy. in] 
putt him in /S-y ; al in 5. 

2278. Monek he made] Monk he made B ; Was monek a ; He was Monke 
^y ; Monke was 5. 

2279. he was ynou] was Ms king a ; was t>e kynge ^y. 

2280. was] wes B. al] in al a^y. &•] om. afiyB. to] the y. 
lute] lutle a ; litle fiy. it] >at Ba^Sy, 

2281. Forjj] ForB/Sy; Vor a. a] o a. maners] manere ojSy. 
wuste] wiste Ba ; wist ^y. 

2282. ^pat] And >at 'Qafiy. louede] louede him a; loued him ySy. 
truste] triste o ; trist fiy. 

2283. in to] to 5. aii] on o. neod] ned B ; nud a. 

2284. ywar] were y. 

2285. al] om. a/SyS. horn sulue] ham sulfa. 8(] om. y. hom] 
ham was a ; hem was j3 ; was ham y. 

2286. ne sey] yseyj B ; ysey j3; sey yB, 

2287. 8 transposed in 5. 

2287. He] pe treitour a ; The traitour ^y. He was sone^ And he S. 
ar] er B. iwar] war B ; ware ^y. 

2288. po] And \>o Ba5 ; And whenne fiy. me] men /87S, 



ROBERT OF GLOU(JESTER. 163 

po was yis lond king les • wat halt it to telle longe • [io5] 
Gret word was among )?at folc • wo mi^te ]?e croime 

auonge • 2290 

Vor j?e eldoste sonemonek was • & J^e tueie to ^onge were* 
& to nime • verrore of is kimne • no ri^t it nere • 
V tiger ]>e quoynte suike • ]'at was erl of cornwaile • Monachus 

Vor to do a suikedom • no conseil ne ssolde faile • 
To ]>e eldoste sone |jat was monek • to winchestre he 

wende iwys • 2295 

Lo he sede nou j^ou sucst • ]?at ]>i fader ded is • 
& l^ine bri);eren to ^onge hep • uor to auonge \>e croune • 
«fc ]>ei Jjou be in o]?er cloj^es • pi rilte nis no^t per doune • 
Wei me wot eldost j?ou art • & mid best riit king also • 
^if ]>ou wolt wel be mi frend • & bi mi red al do • 2300 
Icholle bringe al )?at folc • in wille • to crouni pe to 

kinge • 
& Jjei J?in ordre pev aten be • J'er to icholle pe bringe • 

2289. was \>is lond'] ]>is lond was 5. ivat halt] what is fiy. it] 
om. 5. 

2290. word] strif a; strife /37. \)at] om. 5. wo] ho B. auonge] 
fonge Ba/375. 

2291. eldoste] eldeste o; eldest /Sy. monek] monk B (& passim), 
tueie] twei B ; twei^e a ; o)>ev two fiy ; tweyne 5, to] om. By. 

2292. §•] For y. nime verrore] nime fer o ; take fer jSy. verroi'e] 
om. 5. kunne] kynde B ; kynne j3y. it] om. B ; iwis J>at a I wis ; 
)>at iS ; ywys it y. 

2294. do a] don o a ; don a /Sy. suikedom] wyckedome 5. ne ssolde] 
ne scholde him a ; schulde hym By ; schulde him ^8 ; schulde he S. 

2295. eldoste] om. B ; eldest a/Sy. sone] om. afiy. he] om. a^y. 

2296. sucst] Aa ; syst B ; seest j8yS. 

2297. \yitie] H B/3y. brii>eren] brel^eren BjSy ; bre]?rene o. ie)>] 
buj) a ; ben P ; bene y (& passim). uor to] to B. auonge] a 
fonge B ; fonge a;8y5. Jje] om. a. 

2298. §' \>ei] J>ei a ; Thou^ /3yS. wts] is /3y ; ys 5. \>er dou7ie] adoune 
a/3y ; J>er y done 5. 

2299. eldost] eldest Ba/3y. ar<] ert a. Sf] om. a)3y5. Aw^r] om. 5. 

2300. wolt] wilt j8y. i<;e/] wol B. a/] om. d. 

2301. /cAo//e] loll wole B« ; I wille )3y. bringe al . . . w?7/t'] J^at loud 
(londe /8y) in wille make a/3y. ol] om. B. t>a<yb/c] J>e londe 5. 
cro?<ni] crowne B. 

2302. J>er a)e?i ie] be )>er a^eyn B ; beo (be )3y) J)er a^eu o^y ; be her 
ajeynst 5. icholle] ich wole Ba ; I wole (8y ; I wil 5. \>e] it B5 ; 
hit o/3y. 

L 2 



164 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe monek was ioyuol inou • ]?o he hurde J?is • 
&; bihet him tif it were so • euere mo to be his • 
Out of is abit anon • vortiger him drow • 2305 

[106] ^ clo]?es as to kinge bicome • dude on him uaire ynow • 
& to vore al J'e parlement • to londone he gan him 

bringe • 
& sede he was purost eyr • to be icrouned to kinge • 
fol. 40 b. Nomon ne mi^te it wel wi)? segge • me may ri^t yse • 
Wanne he was ];er & was pur eir • ]>ei he adde monek 

ybe • 2310 

Vpe is owe peril it were • bote he it mi^te wel do • 
pe heiemen J)oru vortiger • auenge him alle J?er to • 
pe erchebissop of londone • goscelin was ]>o ded • 
& non oJ>er him nolde crouni • uor al }>at J>e erl hom bed • 
Vor he adde so longe in ordre ybe • & he was so out 

ybro^t . 2315 

Vor as )?an vortiger • nolde bileue it nott • 

2303. pe] po B. hurde'] ihurde a; harde fiy. i>is] of thys 5. 

2304. him] om. afiyS. mo] ova. afiyS. be] be al ByS-y ; beo al a ; 
be alle S. 

2306. as to] J>at a^yS. bicome] om. 5. dude on him] him dude on a 
him dide on Py ; him ded on 5. 

2307. to vore] bifore Ba^Sy. he] om, ajQyS. ga7i him] him gan a0y. 

2308. purost] purest B ; puirest o. icrouned] crowned B ; crouned afiy ; 
croned 5. 

2309. Nomon . . . it wel] No mon ne my^t wel it B ; J^at no man mi^te a ; 
That no man my^t fiy ; And t>at myght no man 5. wii> segye] with 
sey ^y ; w' seye 5. rjj<] J^e ryght S. 

2310. )>er ^ was] om. ojSt'S. pur] so pur a ; so pure /35 ; pure y. 
ybe] om. B. 

2311. Vpe] Op on o ; Vppon &y. is owe peril it] hym self ^e perel B. 
he] om. B. it miyte wel] wel mi)te hit a ; wel my^t hit $y ; myght 
it wel 5. 

2312. pe] po B. auenye] afong B ; funge o; fonge fiy ; fenge S. 

2313. erchebissop] archiebischop y8. (joscelin] goeelyn B. was \>o] 
]>o was 5. 

2314. non] no o; none fiy. him nolde] nolde hym B ; him wolde &y ; 
wold him 5. crouni] crowne B ; cronee 5. hom] om. B. 

2315. Vor] Vor J>at a ; For J^at fiy. so longe] om. afiy. ybe] be B. 
he was so] so was Baj87. 

2316. as }>««] al )>at B5 ; ^an a ; t>at $y. vortiger nolde] nolde for- 
tiger a ; wolde Vortiger ; M'olde ffortiger y. bileue] leuo S. it] 
hit ri)t 0^7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 165 

Ac him sulf him croimede • & made him hinrf so • constancms 

fit rex. 

His sacringe was kite wor]^ • & na]?eles it was ydo • 
po he was king ymad • is heste he made anon • 
pat clanliche to vortiger • is men buyde echon • 2320 
Vor him sulf nolde }»enche no^t • bote take him al an 

honde • 
Vor he cou]?e wel bet J>an he • gouerny such a londe • 
po bij^otte vortiger • mest of alle ]?ing • 
Hou he raiite do quoyntekicst • ]?at he him sulf were fraus 

king . vortigerni. 

Vor Jpat was alwei is ]fOZt • &, ]?eruore ]?e monek he 
nom . 2325 

To be king vor he was nyce • & ne coujje no wisdom • 
pis tueie brej^eren were ibro^t • out of cradele vnne]7e • [io7] 
& j^e heie men mest of ]>e lond • were ibrott to depQ • 
Wi]? batailes & o]7er wo • j^er fore he was so prout • 
& J?e king nas him sulf • bote as a ssade • & let im 
worj^e al out • 2330 



2317. him crounede'] hiue crounede a. 

2318. Mis'] pe Ba ; The Py. lute'} litel fi ; litil y ; lytil 5. Sf] 
om. a0y. 

2319. po] & ))o a ; And when 0y. ymad'] ymaked a ; made fiy. 

2320. bui/de] abuyde B ; abuijede a ; abey^ed fi ; obeyed y ; abowed 5. 
echmi] euerychon 5. 

2321. Vor him sulf nolde] &, nolde him sulfa; And wolde him self )3y. 
volde] he nolde B ; wolde 5. him] om. a^y. an] on Ba/S^. 

2322. wel] om. 0/875. bet] better /SyS. youerny] gouerne B. a] 
o a ; an /3. 

2323. of] {>oru B ; ouere a ; ouer ^y ; t>rou^ S. 

2324. quoi/ntelucst] quoynteliche B ; quinteHche a ; queyntliche fiy ; 
queynteliche y ; queyntlokest 5. him sulf were] hym selue were B ; 
were him sulf a ; were him self ;375. 

2325. ivas alwei] euer B ; was alne wei o. cV] om.. 

2326. be king] kyng be B. lie] om. B5. no] litil 5. 

2327. Vis] And ys B ; & his afiy^. tueie] twei B ; twei^e a ; two ^y^. 
bre)>eren] bretherne S. were] wereu o. ibroxt] bro)tB ; broujt/Sy. 

2328. mest] om. a^y^. o/K] of t>is o/Sy. ihroyt] swi)>eibrout a; 
swij)e brou^t ^y ; swy}>e ybrou^t 5. 

2329. WiV] Mid a ; ISIyd B. batailes] bataylc 5. ^■] & myd B. 

2330. (Sr] om. a^y. nas him sulf] nas B; sulf nas a ; self was jS ; him 
self was y ; him self nas S. as] om. Ba$y. /p<] lette a. u;o7\>e'\ 
yworthe 5. 



PIcardi 

veniunt 



166 THE CHRONICLE OF 

To ]>e king he sede • ]>a,t lie moste is castles astore • 
panne wolde is fon aboute • douty him ]?e more • 
& for ]?e picards were is fon • somme he wolde take • 
To be priue wi]? ]>e king • vor J^ulke ssolde make • 
Hor felaus j^at were bileued at hom • louie }>at lond ]?e bet • 
Ac na]7eles J^er vore nas it nott • ]>o it was al by set • 
Ac vor hii ne louede noit J^e king • & in trayson were 

cointe • 
pat hii ssolde J^en king sle • wan hii come vpe pointe • 
pe king graunted al his wille • & for is gode he wende • 
After an hondred picars • into scotlond he sende • 2340 
regi. Bi certeine messagers • so ]?at hii gonne bringe • 

^ An hondred knittes of picars • ]>a,t bileuede mid vr kinge • 
Of is meste priue men • ]70ru J^is luj>er vortiger • 
Of ]>e kinges tresour he delde eke • aboute ver & ner • 
[108] & mest of J7e picars • vor to hom mest loue he drou • 
Mid alle )?at he wolde him sulf • he made him beloued 

inou . 2346 



2331. h«<] om. a$y5. astore"] >o astore a5 ; |)an astore I3y. 

2332. tvolde'] wolden alSy. douti/'] doute B ; douten a ; dowten 0y, 
\>c more] J)er fore S, 

2333. were] -weren a^y. 

2334. loiV] mid a. 

2335. bileued] leued B ; bilefd a ; left y. louie] to loue B ; loue $y. 
l>at] >ys S. 

2336. Ac] ora. a^y. \>er vore nas it noyt] nas hit nou^t }>er fore o ; 
was hit no)t J>er fore ^y. nas] was 5. \>o] whenne ^y. urns] 
wes B. al] ora. a^y. 

2337. ne] om. B5. cointe] quointe a; quoynte B5; koynt ^y. 

2338. )>en] \>e Bai35; om. 7. Au] heo B; hit fiy ; it 5. vpe] vp 
he B ; to a/37 ; to he 5. 

2339. graunted] grantede B ; grauntede o. yode] godo. he] om. B. 

2340. an] on a. picars] of picards ay ; of Picardes fiy. i7ito] to affy. 

2342. An] On a. hondred] hundreth y. bileuede] bilefde a. vr] 
\>e a/Sy. 

2343. Of] Al a ; Alle fiy. is] om. B. 7nesie] mest Ba; most /3 ; 
moste 7. J>or!«] om. a/37. lu];>er] swlkea; swik 187. 

2344. Of] And B ; om. ai37. he] om. 0/87. delde] dalt S. eke] 
om. 0^7. aboute ver Sf ner] bothe fer & eke ner S. 

2345. of] to Baj375. vor] & a$y. inest] most j8 ; moste 7 he] 
om. a$y. 

2346. made him beloued] bilouede him a ; biloued hem $. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 167 

Alle ]?at seruede ]7e king • ]?oru him were echon • fol. 4i. 

pat ecli mon were aboute • vor to paye him on • 

& songe al day bi |)e stret • ase vor is onour • 

Wor]? were vortiger • to be king oj^er emperour • 2350 

po J>is vortiger adde • )ns folc al in is hond • recessus 

He sede he moste wende • a wnle out of )?is lond • fictus! 

To porchaci more tresour • ye king vor to spene • 

Vor he nadde no^t inou • is kni^tes to soustene • 

At ]>e piears he nom is leue • & at J>e oj^ere ]7ere • 2355 

& wende hom to is In • sori as he ]7eruore ]>o were • 

per was sor & del ynou • among al ]nilke mayne • 

pat he ssolde fram hom wende • nor |?er nas no king 

bote he • 
& nameliche among J^e piears • J^at were of so lu|;er j^o^t • 
pat he adde ido so m'uche honour • & ne loued ]?e occisio 

king no^t • 2360 



regis. 



2347. him were'\ hem was fiy. 

2348. Vat ech mon] & alle hi a ; And alle Jjei fiy. )pat] So >at B5. 
were'] was B5. paye] pay^e a. 

2439. al day] om. o/Sy. stret] strete Ba/Sy. ase] al B. 

2350. TFor>] Worj^i B ; "Wei worjje a ; Wei wort>i &y. to he] to B ; 
beo a. o\>er] & ajQy ; or 5. 

2351. \io\>is] SoM«;8y; The J>at S. >/s] |>atBa; JjeS. in] on a^y 

2352. he] j^at he 5. moste] must ^y. wende a wule] o while wende 
a^y. 

2353. jwrchaci] purchace B. 7nore] om. a^Sy. \>e] to \>e S. king] 
kinge a. vor to] for to Ba/Sy. 

2354. nadde] hadde ^7 ; had 5. inou] tresoure ynowj 5. k7U'^les] 
folc ; folke fiy. 

2355. At \>e] And atte B ; At a ; And at l^e 5. he] om. B. nom] 
toke fiyh. ]?c] om. Ba/B^S. o\>cre] ohere J>at were 5. 

2356. hom to is In sori] hom to hys fir sori B ; him to his in sori a ; 
him Inne sory /3 ; hym sory Inne 7. as] also a ; as Jjou^ ^87. 
\>eruore \>o] om. Ba/375. 

2357. sor] sorwe B ; sorewe a ; sorowe ^y ; sorow 5. del] deol BS ; 
dul & dul a ; doil /3 ; doile 7. \>jdke] t>e B5 ; J^er a ; here /3. mayne] 
meine o ; meynee /3 ; meyne 7 ; maynee 5. 

2358. \)at] For B. iias] was Bfiy. 

2359. Sf] om. afiy^, \>e] om. B ; hise 187. so] om. afiy. lu]f>er] 
Inhere a. 

2 360. adde ido so much honotir] hadde do such honour B ; muche hadde 
honoured a/S ; hadde (had 5) muche honoured 78. §-] & J^at B ; ]>& 

aPy. ne loued \>e kiny] ne louedc king a ; J>e kynge J'Cy louyd 5. 

'MS. vortigernus. 



168 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Wat hii secle wat is vs • to lete j^is badde king • 
Go ]ms aliue as a ssade • J'at nis wor]? no ]?ing • 
ri09l ^^^^' ^° targe we so long • to quelle him attenende • 
pat vortiger were king • }>at aten us is so hende • 
In gret wraJ^J^e & hastinesse • to j^e kinges chambre hii 

wende • 2365 

& smite ]>eY riit of is heued • & to vortiger hit 

sende • 
Vortiger made deol inou • & sori was J^er uore • 
Ac naj'eles so glad he nas • su]>]?e he was ybore • 
Vor icompaced he adde J^at • atte biginningge • 
Verst |;o he brotte • a so nyce man to kinge • 2370 
& su]?]7e ]>o he let al is fon • & picars to court 

bringe • 
pat hatede |?en king • al it was for ]>is ]?inge • 
& J?at he was so large & hende • of is ^iftes al so • 
po adde he al is wille • uor wan it was al ido • 



2361. Wat . . . vs] What is vs hi sede a; What is vs \>ei saide/Sy; 
What ys vs Jjey seyde 5. sede'] seyden B. lete] Icten a ; late j8 ; 
latte y. 

2362. \>us'] }jys S. aliue] o Hue B. as a] asc o a. 7iis] is $y ; 
ys 5. 

2363. Waj- to] Whar to aS ; Where to ;8 ; Wher to y. targe] Ao ; 
tarie BS ; tary fiy. we] ye A (originally). ive so] shulde we y. 
attenende] at j^an ende a ; at J^e ende ^y^. 

2364. ayen vs is] is to vs 0/675. so] to a. 

2365. wra)?]>e] wayj^e B. hastinesse] hastyliche 5. 

2366. smite \>er riyt] smyten B ; )>er hy suiiten a; }>er J>ei smyteuySy; 
Jjere J'cy smytten 5. heued] hefd o ; hed B ; heed ;8 ; hedc 78. 
vortiyer] fortiger a. 

2367. deol] dul a ; doil /3 ; doilc 7. 

2368. 7ias] ne was ueuer fiy. su\>\>e] se»e a ; sethe J^at S. yhorc] 
bore (875. 

2370. \>o] wen B. a so] as o A ; on so B ; so 0/37S. man] a mon B ; 
a man 5. kinge] Jjc kynge ^7. 

2371. su)>]>e] om. a^yd. \>o] whenne 187. alisfon] ys fon B ; his 
frendes 5. bringe] come S. 

2372. \>en'] muche ^e B ; al bane o; al bat fiy; alle be 5. al it] & al 
Ba/37; hit 5. 

2373. )>at] bo B. .so] om. a^y^. is] oni. fiy. 

2374. po] Thanne 187. adde he] he hadde ^875. is wille] his 
lustis 8. wan] when B ; wha a ; whannc fiy ; bo 5. al ido] ido a 
do ^37. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 169 

& to such ende it was ri^t icome • as he compaced in 

is ]7o^t . 2375 

& na]?eles he fenede him • |?at me ne vndertete it nott • 
At londone J)is king was aslawe • he let nyme anon • occisio 
pc picars & J7oru lugement • let smite of hor heueden pictorum. 

echon • 
pere he kudde wat he was • vnkiinde ssrewe & quoynte • 
& al it was J^at me ne vndertete • is suikedom in no 

poynte • 2380 

And naj^eles wel me it ortrowede • & ne leuede noit 

isglose. ^110-, 

pe kinges zonge brej?eren • aurel • & ambrose • fuga 

Dradde vor hor eritage • ymor]7red to be • &ambrosii. 

& hii l^at hom adde awarde • jjeruore hom gonne bi se • 

& to ]?e lasse brutayne • wende to J?e kinge • 2385 fol. 4i b, 

& he sousteined hom wel • uor di-ede of Ws binge • vortigemus 

^ ^ ^ fit rex. 



2375, 2376 transposed in afiy. 

2375. §•] om. afiy. such'] sue B. '"'^C om. Bo^yS. icome'] 
come 7. he] hehaddeB; om.S. com/>acet/] compascdc a ; ycom- 
paeed B. 

2376. §•] Ac aS ; But 0y. me ne vTidej-^eie] me vnderjet B ; me 
nuste a ; men wist Py ; he uust 5. 

2377. \>is khuj was] was >e kingo; was J>e kynge J87S. aslawe] 
yslaw B ; yslawe 5 ; slayn fiy. he] hem ^y. let] let \>o Ba ; 
Icte J^an fiy ; lete >o 5. 7ipne] take /87S. 

2378. let] om. ajSyS. hor heueden] \>e hedes B5 ; hare hefden o ; here 
hedes /8 ; her hedes y. 

2380. ^' . . . v7ider-^cte] Ac hit was not vnderstond 5. Sf al it was] 
Ac al he dude B ; om. afiy. me ne vndenycte] men vnderstode noujt 
Hy. is] in B. suikedom] wyckedom 5 ; wisedome 7. in 710] 
in none kunncs a ; in no kynnes fiy. 

2381. yl?i(/] Ac a; But;87. wel] om.^a^y^. or/;wref/e] trowede B ; 
ortrwede wel a ; ouertrowed wel ^y ; ouertrowed 5. 7ic] om. Ba;87. 
leuede] lefde a ; leued fiy. 

2382. -yonqe] om. B. aurel] Aureli aS • Aurely 187 ; Aurele B. 

2383. to] for to Baj875. 

2384. awarde] to ward B ; in warde /S7S. hom] om. B ; hi a ; be /3 ; 
J>ey 57. 

2385. \>e] om. fiy. wende] ^ei Avent ^y. 

2386. ^ he soustei7ied] f»at sustenede o ; For to susteyne ^87. hom] 
hem B;8 ; ham a ; theym 7. wel] here 187. J^/s] \>\»se a. 



170 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[Ul] 
aduentus 
hors & 
hengist. 



po vortiger. alone was • & non er nadde alonde • 
Sone he let him crouny king • & |?e poer nom an- 

honde • 
Princes oueral aboute of ech kinedom • 
Speke him vuel & hated him • vor is suikedom • 2390 
pe picars were wro]7e ek • & Jjretnede him yaou. . 
pat he wi|7 such vnkundehede • hor felawes slow • 
Fram ]fe lasse bruteyne ek • him com word ylome • 
J^at ]?e tueie children • gret poer to him nome • 
& ]>at it stalwarde children • were of hor age • 2395 
& J»at hii wolde liider come • to winne hor eritage • 
Such stronge tidinge • in sorwe & in sore • 
Bronte |?is false king • & euere ]>e leng ])e more • 
TJors & hengist tueie men • J^at tuey bre];eren were • 
Come to kent ]?ulke tyme • & ariuede ]?ere • 2400 



]p7-et7iede^ jratten B ; 

vnhmdehedc'] vnkyn- 
slow'\ so aslou a ; so 



2387. vortiger'] Fortiger /37. non er nadde"] no pere nad B ; no per 
nadde a ; none pere hadde fiy ; no pere hadde S. alonde] in londe Py. 

2388. crouny] crowne B/Sy. no7n] Ba ; mon A ; toke fiy. anhonde] 
on honde BajS-y. 

2389. ech kinedom] eche kyndom B ; eche kynedom a, 

2390. Speke him] Speken a ; Spoken /8 ; Spokyn y ; Speke 5. vuel] 
yuel fiy ; euyl S. suikedom] •wyckedome 5. 

2391. were wro\>e ek] y<xo\>Q eke Avere a/SyS. 
hatede a ; hated ^y ; hatyd S. 

2392. -wiY] myd B ; mid a. such] om. a^yZ. 
dede B ; vnkyndhede ^y ; vnkyndeuesse 5. 
aslou^ fiy. 

2393. bruteyne] bretayne B. him] om. 5. ylome] lome 5. 

2394. >e] >o B. tueie] twei B ; two afiy. him] hem B^SyS ; 
ham a. 

2395. }>a< it] om. afiy ; >iat S. stahvardc] stahvorthe fi ; staleworthe y ; 
stronge B. children] childre B. were] hit Avere a5 ; J^ei were jS-y. 

2396. hii] \>c\ B. hidcr come] come hider afiy ; come heder 5. 

2397. Such stronge] Swiche sori aj8 ; Suche sory y. tidinge] 
tyjjinges BayS-y ; tyhynges S. 

2398. Broyte . . . ki7ig] pis false king me broute a ; This fals kynge men 
brou)t fiy ; To J^is fals kynge men brouU fi. cue)-] er B. \>c leng] 
\>(i lenger B/S^S ; so leng a. 

2399. tueie men] bothe B ; twei men a ; two men Py. tuey bre\>eren] 
twei brejire B ; twei^e brc^eren a ; two brej'cr ; two brethcru y. 

2400. \>ulkc] >at al3yS. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 171 

Mid ]7re ssipuol kni^tes • yarmecl wel ynou • 

po ]?is folc com alond vor]; in to kent he drow • 

pe king was ]7o at kaunterbuiy • & herde her of anoN • 

Biuore him he let bringe • ]ns kni^tes euerichon • 

pe king bi huld hom vaste ynou . vor it mochel men 

were • 2405 

& Nameliche ]?e tueie brej^eren • vor so grete none 

nere • 
He esste hom wanen hi were • & wo him }?ider broite • 
& vor wat encheson hii come • & wat J'ing hii sozie • 
Sire heye king qua]? hengist • ]?at vor alle o]?er spac responsio 

iwys • hengist. 

Of saxoyne we be]? ibore • pat of germaine is . 2410 
pe manere is of )?ulke lond • ]?at wanne ]?er is nor]? 

ybrott • 
So moche folc of men • )?at ]?e lond • ne mowe hom 

susteny no^t • 



2401. J>/-e] >reo a. kni-^tes'] of kny^tes B ; of kni^tes a ; of knyjttes ^y ; 
of knyghtis 5. yarmed'\ armed 5. 

2402. com alond'} was on lond B. he'] hit lia ; l^ei $y5. 

2403. pe'] po B. her of] \>eT of 0^87. ano7i] sone afiyS. 

2404. Biuore . . . bringe] He lette bringe bifore him a; He lete brynge 
by forn him fiy ; He lete brynge byfore hym 5. \>is] \>e a&yS. 
euerichon] echon B. 

2405. pe] po B. bi huld hom] biheld ham a ; bihelde hem fiy. it] 
om. 01875. mochel men] muchele men hi a ; muchel men )>ei fiy ; 
muche men )>ey S. 

2406. tueie] twei B ; om. a^y. vor] om. a/S^S. grete] muchel B- 
none] non J^er Ba ; >er none fiy ; J^o none 5. 

2407. esste] ascode B ; axede a; asked /Sy. hom] cm a/875. ivanen'] 
of wanne B ; whannen a ; whens fiyS. ivere] om. B. too] ho B. 
him] hem B/37 ; ham a. \>ider] beodre a ; hider y. 

2408. encheson] cheson 5. 

2409. heye] om. Bay375. o]>cr] om. 0^875. spac] spek B ; 
spake 187. 

2410. saxoyne] saxone a/8 ; saxonie B ; Saxon 7. \>at of germaine] 
hat of germanie B ; of germaine \>i\X, a ; of germayue hat ^87 ; of germani 
t>at 5. 

2411. is of] his of a. hf/<] om. 0/873. wanne] wen B. 

2412. he] \>o B. ne mowe hom susteny] may susteyne B ; ne mai 
susteni a ; ne may susteyne 187 ; men may susteyne 5. 



172 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Heye men of ]?e lond ssolle • come biuore ];e kinge • 
& alle ]>e ^ongemen of |?e lond . lete among hom bringe • 
pe stalworj^est me ssal bi choys • & bi lot al so • 2415 
Chese out & sende into o]^er lond • hor heste uorto 

do. 
& hii ssolle be such ]?at no prince • ne dorre hom vor- 
[112] sake. 

Ac vor hor prowesse gladliche • in to hor seruise hom 

take • 
pis cas is to us ycome • y chose we be)? J^er to • 
Vor so moche folc is in ]?e lond • vre beste we mote 

do . 2420 

& vor to be maistres of J'is folc . we be]? ychose & 

ynome . 
fol. 42. Mi bro]?er & ich vor we be|? • of dukes kunne ycome • 
mercurius. Vor ]?oru ure godes in to ]>e se • we wende ich vnder- 

stonde . 
& mercurius us a|? • ylad in to ]>in londe • 



2413. Heye] po heye B. jjc] ]>o B. ssolW] schulle B ; om. o/SyS. 
007)16] comejj a/87 ! comej'e 5. 

2414. alle] om. 0/875, \>e] \>o B. lete] letel^ afiy, \>ey do 5. 
aviong hom] bifore hym B. 

2415. stalwor\>est] strengesteB; staleworde o ; stalwor}>e /8 ; stalworth 7 ; 
stalward 5. me] men ^y. 

2416. Chese] Cheose a. out] om. 0(875. into] to 0/875. hor 
heste] here beste Ba ; here best j8 ; her beste 7. 

2417. hii ssolle be] heo schulle beB; om. a/875. 7ie] om. B. dorre] 
J>arf o ; thare Py. 

2418. yladliche] gladlich 5. m to hor seruise hom] in to here seruise B ; 
to him o ; to hem 0y ; to him hem 5. 

2419. is] 0/87; ys B; it A. ychose tvc be\>] chose we ben Py ; ichose 
vre buj> a. 

2420. Vor] a; Vo A ; For B/875. folc] om B. vre] oure B^7 ; 
hare a. we mote do] forto do Ba/875. 

2421. §•] om. 0/875. maistres] maistrise ^y. \>is] Jjc 5. be\>] 
h\x\> o (& passim). 

2422. Mi bro\>er Sf ich] Ich & mi broj^er a ; I and my brot)er 0y. tve] 
wo B. kujuie] kyn B ; bei)c o ; bo^e $y. 

2423. Vor \>oru] And \>Touy 5. 

2424. Sf] om. 5. us aj>] haj? vs B5. ylad] lade Hy ; ylad now 6. 
\>in] \>i B ; hisse o ; jjis ^37 ; \>v 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 173 

po ]>e king hurde nemne • mercurius in )?is cas • 2425 falsa fides. 

He esste wat god & wat )^ing • mercurius was • 

Oure bileue qua}> p'is oJ?er • in j^e heye godes is ido • 

Satiu'nus & lubiter • & alle ])e oj^ere al so • 

pat holde]> up |7en world • & in mercurius mest ywis • 

pe heye god ]?at in vre tonge • woden icluped is • 

per uore vi' eldore him bitoc • of ]?e wouke J^en ver];e 

day . 2431 

In oui'e tonge ycluped in honour • of him is wodnes 

day. 
After him we honoure); venus mest • |?at frie ycluped is • 
In vi'e tonge & in ]7e wouke • fry day uor him iwys • 
Her of ze ssolle vnderstonde • J>at in ]>& fii*mament planete, 

be]? . 2435 

Planetes yliche clere sterren • seuene as ^e sej> • 



2425. hurde'] ihurde a ; harde Py. 7iem?ie'] nempny a$y. in] on a$y. 

2426. esstel askede B ; axede o ; asked $y. wat god Sf wat \>iny'] 
what Idone god a; what manere god ^y. mercurius'] \>n\V.e Mer- 
curius o ; l^ilke mercurius fiy. was] J>an was 5. 

2427. qua\>] quoj) B. ]>is] t>e afiy. heye] ova.. 5. godes] god fiy. 
ido] do afiy. 

2428. lubiter] lupiter a. alle] al B. 

2429. holde\> up \>en] vp holdet> )i>e Bj8 ; opholde}> bane a ; holdeth vp 
the 78. 'in] om. afiy. mercurius] Mereurye ^y. mest] 
moste y. 

2430. pe heye god ]>at] pat )>e hel)e god aySy. god] go A. icluped] 
yclepud B ; icleped a ; ycallyd ^y. 

2431. eldore] huldere a ; eldres ^y. bitoc] toke a^y. of] in afiy. 
wouke] woke B; wike a; wyke/S-y. ]>en] \>&'Qafiy. ver\>e] furj^ea; 
four)) ^y. 

2432. In . . . him is] lu honour of hym yclepud in oure tonge B ; In 
honour of him icleped (callid /Sy) in oure tonge afiy ; In honoure of 
him yt is cleped In oure tonge 5. honour] hononour A. wodnes 
day] Wednesday B ; "Wodenesday ^ ; Wedonesday y ; Weusdaye 5. 

2433. mest] om. afiy. frie] B ; fri a ; frj-e 5 ; fyre fiy ; J^rie A. 
ycluped] yclepud B ; icleped a ; clepud 5 ; callid Py. 

2434. i^"] om. 0/87. wouke] wyke B ; wike a$ ; weke y. 

243.5. ssolle] scholde a. \>at] om. a$y. be\>] hu)) o ; ben $ ; bene y 

(& passim). 
2436. yliche] alle ilichc ay ; al iliche B. sterren seuene] sterres 

seuene B ; seue sterreue u ; seuene sterres fiy. sej>] iseoJ> a 

seen 3 ; sene y. 



174 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Satumus . & lubiter • Mars & ]>e sonne ywis • 
Venus • & Mercurius • & ]?e Mone lowest is • 
[113] After ech of horn in ]?e wouke • ycluped is a day • 

Verst ]>e sonne & so ]>& oj^ere • & ]>e seuejje Saturday • 
& vor weder & oper J^ing on erj'e • after horn moche is • 
pis misbileuede men horn clupede • godes wule ywis • 
respousio ^ori ich am qua]? vortiger • ])0 he hm^de J^is • 
uortigerni. Yor ioure bileue J>at ze segge]? • vor non bileue it nis • 
Ac of vor toure kumes ich am glad • wo so ^ou hider 
ladde • 2445 

"Were it god were it oj^er • vor al nede ichadde • 
Vor ich am mid min fon • in eche half biset • 
& tif ichom may ouercome • ]7oru ^ou ]?e bet • 
Ich ton woUe mid me atholde • & in gret richesse ^ou do. 
Of ^iftes & of chateus • & of londes al so • 2450 

2437. lubiter'] lupiter Ba. 

2438. \>e Mone] H ne o (so MS.). 

2439. loouke] wike Ba ; wyke ;8 ; weke 7. ycluped] yclepud B ; icleped 
a ; ycallid &y. a] o a/SyS. 

2440. Verst] Of ajSy. >e] os B ; of >e 5. ^ so ^e] & so of B ; 
se^^e of }>e o ; sithe of \>q Py; 8c sej^e of al 5. seuei>e] seuen y ; 
seuenth is S. 

2441. vor] om. a^y ; Jje 5. o\>er] )>e oj^er ay ; J^e oJ>ere 0. er\>e] 
vrj)e o. moche] om. 0)875. 

2442. pis] J5us aPy. 'Jiom] hem B ; ham o ; han 0y. clupede] 
clepede Ba ; callid Py. tviile] while Baj37. 

2443. a7n] ham a. ];>is] al l>is Py. 

2444. Vor] om. a. ^oure] Eure a ; oure S. segge]f>] segget 
B ; seyn $y. vor] om. aj87. vor . . nis] J>at no belyue ys 5, 

2445. Ac] A A. oj" vor] ioT H ; oi a^yS. jowre] eurea. kumes] 
comyng Ba ; comynge 0y ; commynge 5. ich am glad] glad ich 
ham a ; glade I am ^y ; glad I am 5. wo so] ho so B ; who euer S. 
}ou] ow B ; eu a. 

2446. were it o\>er] oj^er o}>ur l^ing a ; ojjer oher J>inge )3 ; or other 
thinge 7 ; oJ>er oj^ere 5. al] om. B ; grete 5. ichadde] ich 
hadde Ba ; I hadde fiy. 

2447. min] my B ; mi a. m] on Baj875. eche] ech B. 

2448. ichom may] ich hem may B ; ich ham mai a ; I may hem fiy ; I 
maye hem 5. )>oru] vor a; for fiy. yOu] eu nou a; ^ow now 378. 

2449. Ich . . . >ne] Ich ^ou myd me B ; Ich wole eu mid me o; I wole 
^ow with me 187; I wil w' me jow 5. atholde] holde 0^875, jom] 
om. afiyB. 

2450. chateus] chastens o. londes] londe 5. 



guerra 
pictorum. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 175 

Hii made certein couenant • |?at hii were al at on • 

So l^at hii bileuede uor]? • mid ])e king echon • 

Hit nas na^t longe ]7er after • j>at ]>e picars ne come 

Out of scotlond sou]?ward • & tounes vaste noma • 

po ])Q ti]?ing her of- to oure kinge com • 2455 

pen wey mid al is poer • aien hom vaste he nom • [114] 

So stronge bataile hii smite • & j^e saxons anon • Saxonum 

So gode were |^at J^e op>ere • bigonne to fie echon • 

po vortiger J>oru hom • adde \>e maistrie • ^"^ '^-^• 

He lef hom iiftes gTet ynou • & dude is corteysye • 

Hengist J'at hor maister was • he ^ef him lindeseye • 

Londes vaire & Rentes • & tounes grete &; heye • 

Ware |7oru him & is men • in vair warison he brotte • 

po hengist adde ]7is • vor|7ere more he yotte • 

po he adde J>en king in priuete • al clene at is wille • consilium 

Sire he sede of deme cas • icholle j^e warny stille • 

pin fon be]? in eche alf • & j^at he is mest to doute • 

pat ))in owe men ne loue]? ]?e noit • j^at ]?e be]? aboute • 

2451. made'} maden B. \>at hit'] \>er hi a; jjer \>ei 0y, 

2452. hiil J>ei B. 7nid \>e king'] with \>e kyng B ; mid him a ; -with 
him fiy ; w' him 5. echoii] euerichon a ; euerchone fiy ; euerychone 5. 

2453. nas noyt'] "was not B ; was nou^t ^y. \>e'] }jis B. 

2455. po . . . her of] So j^at thulk tyt>ynges 5. po] om. B ; 
Whenne /Sy. >e ti]>ing'] i\\>va.ge /3 ; tithynges y. to oure] to )>q 0/87 ; 
vnto om'e 5. kinge] kyng B ; king a. 

2456. pen] peB/Sy; pan a. m?cZ a/ es] w' his 5. ayen . . . he] 
fast to hem fiy. vaste] om. S. 

2457. So] om. B ; & a/SyS. hii smite] heo smyte J^er B; hij smiten 
)>er a ; Jjei smyten J^ere fiy ; )>&y smytten j?ere 5. 8f] ac B5. 

2458. gode] god B. ivere] hi were a ; J>ei were ^y. \>e] \>o S. to] 
om. a. 

2460. ^ef] ^af a ; ^aue fiy. cortesye] coiteyse B. 

2461. hor] o 0/878. y^f] )afBa; jaue ^37. him] in B. lindeseye] 
lendesey 7. 

2464. \>is] ywonne Hs a/87 ; wonnel'isS. vor\>ere] former Ba ; fer>er ^87. 

2465. po he] And ^y. \>en] J>e Bay87. 

2466. of] 0/37; a 5. icholle] ich wol B ; ich wole o ; I wil ^5 ; 
I wol 7. warny] wame B;87. stille] al stille 0y. 

2467. pin] pme] Ba ; Thi 187. m] on 5. Sf] om. S. i>at he is 
mest to] J>is ys );>e meste Ba5 ; j>at is )>e most 0y. 

2468. owe] owne B ; owene a. ne] om. 5. loiie\>] loiiyeh a. 
ba< ]>e] )?at we 5. 



176 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii J7retnej> ]>e stilleliche • t& seggej? hii woUe]? bringe • 
pe tueie bre|jeren fram brutayne • & crouni ]>e o]?er to 
kinge • 2470 

peruore ich rede j^at me sende • into my contreie iwis • 
To saxoyne after more help • vor help ynou jjer is • 
Vor abbe ]?ou poer ynou • ]?ou mitt be glad & bli|?e • 
Ac J»ing icholde bidde ]>e • ^if ^ou me woldest tij^e • 
[115] Send after help qua}* j^e king • )?at j^ou me no^t bi- 
traye • 2475 

& icholle hor wule telde so • J^at icliom wole wel paye • 
& bid of me wat ]70u wolt • &, icholle ]>e granty iwis • 
hengist Vor elles ich were vnkunde • ^if it to granty is • 
petit castra. Ue^gist vaire him J'onkede • & is heued lotte adoun • 
pou hast he sede line me • mony a uair toun • 2480 
& na)?eles such J?ing nabbe ich nott • as it to due bicome • 
Vor wanne ich am dukes sone • it bicome to me • 

24C9. ];>retne);>'] J>reti^e}> a ; J^retiJ? j8y. stilleliche'] stille B. seggel)"] 

seyn &y ; seyne S. hii wolle]>'] \>ei wille Py. bringe] )>& brynge B. 

2470. tueie] twei B ; tweije a ; two /S-y. bre\>eren]'bve)>y:e'&; brethern 7. 
fram] oute of ^y. crouni] crowne BjSyS. \>e o]>er to] )>at on B ; 
)3at on to a ; J>at one to j8 ; the one to y ; him to 5. 

2471. \>at] om. aS. me] we aySyS. into] to ajSyS. contreie] 
cuntrey Saxon fi ; cuntre Saxon y. 

2472. saxoyne] saxone a ; Saxon &y^. help ynou] ynou help o ; ynouj 
helpe fiy ; ynow helpe 5. 

2474. icholde] ich wolde Ba ; I wolde ^y ; I wil 5. bidde] I praye jSy. 
}if] \>2A B. wte woldest] wost me o; woldist me jSy ; me wolt 5. 

ti)>e] lyjje S. 

2476. icholle] wole B ; ich wole a ; I wole )8 ; I wol 7. hor ivule] 
heore while B ; here while a)37. so] om. afiy. ichom wole wel 
paye] schoUe holde hem wel paie B ; hi scholle ham wel a ; jjei schulde 
hem wel ^y ; \>Qy hem schul wel S. 

2477. bid] bidde B ; bide o; aske fiy. wolt] wilt /3. icholle \>e 
granty] ich wol J^e grante B ; graunti ich wole a ; graunte J>ee I wol ^87. 

2478. were vnkunde] were vnkynde BfiyS ; were vnkuinde a; vnkunde A. 
yif] ^ef B. granty] grante B. 

2479. heued] bed B ; hede fiy^. lotte] lowtede B ; lutte «; lowte ^y; 
lowted 5. 

2480. hast] hauest a, yue] ^eue B ; ijiue a ; yjeue 5. mony a] 
manije o a. 

2481. ^] Ac a; But ^y ; om. 5. nabbe ich] om. a^y ; haue I 5. 
it] om. 0^75. due] a Duke 7?. bicome] bicom to be ^87. 

2482. ivanne] om. S. dukes] a duke ys 5. bicome] bicomeJ> B;37. 



EOBEKT OF GLOUCESTER. 177 

Vor to abbe som gret cite • oj^er castel me to ware • 
War Inne ich mitte to J>in nede • mi folc abbe ^are • 
per uore as ich am J'i kniit • Sz prest to J^in nede al so • 
Graunte me castel o]?er cite • ]?in nede inne to do • negacio 
Hengist • hengist • qua)? j^e king • hit nere me no^t to ^^^^^' 

done • 
Such ]>mg as ]70u me bist • to grante J?e so sone • 
Vor j/ou art mon of strange londe • & cristine mon non • 
& eke J?ei icholde myne barons • hit wolde wi]? sege 

ochon . 2490 

Sire graunte me ]?anne qua]? hengist • tif it is ]?i wille • mensura- 
As moche place as mid a jniong • ich may aboute tille • core^iun. 
pat ich J^eruppe mo we a siker bold rere • [lie] 

pat ich me mowe in |?ine seruise • wite tif it ned 

were • 
pe king ne huld j^at bote lute • he grantede is bone • 
Hengist sende in to is contreie • after more poer sone • 



2483. Vor'] orn. ayS^. o])C7-'\ or BS. ware] were ay; weer /3. 

2484. J)m] H afiy. mi folc abbe] habbe my folk B ; haue my folk 5. 
abbe] ]>eT haue Py. ^are] %ere a ; al ^eer /8 ; al j'ere y. 

2485. per uore] per a ; For Py. ]>in] \>i Ba^y. 

2486. i>i7i] ]>i Bl3y. }iede] By875 ; neodea; ne A. i?ine] \>er inne 
afiy. 

2487. Hengist hengist'] Hengist B. king] kyng \>o B. hit] om. B. 
nere] were 5. 

2488. me'] om. ^y. bist] Aa ; biddestB ; byddist 5 ; askij> fiy. grante] 
grant! a. 

2490. ^- eke . . . barons] & mine barons t>ei ich wolde a ; And my 
Barons J>oii^ I wolde Py. myne] my B. hit wolde] wolde yt B. 
wi\> sege] witlisey fiy. echo7i] eueryclione 5. 

2491. it is] hit be yS ; it be y. 

2492. As] So a$y. a] o a^y. )puony] )>ong Ba ; jjonge j37. 

2493. Yeruppe] \>er vppe o ; J>er vpon /Sy. mowe . . . bold] o siker 
bold (holde 187) to me mowe ajSy. buhl] Ba ; blod A ; boolde 5 ; 
holde /S-y. rere] arere Ba/SyS. 

2494. me mowe] mowe Bafiy ; maye me 5. ?w] on afiy. \>ine] 
|?i Bafiy. wite] wytie B ; me ■nitije a ; me kepe fiy ; kepe 5. 
it] om. 5. ned] nude a. 

2495. ne . . . lute] ]>at bote lute huld a. ne] om. fiyS. huld] 
hulde B ; >ou5.t fiy. lute] a lutel B ; a lyte 5 ; litel fiy. he] & a^yS. 

2496. in to is contreie] hom J)0 a ; home )>an 0y. poe?-] folc a ; folke Py. 

M 



178 THE CHRONICLE OF 

fol. 43. po carf he an hole hude • smal to an J?uong • 

poru out |7e wiile it wolde ileste • ]>o was it somdel 

long . 
In an harde rochi stede • is ]?uong aboute he drou • 
& J>er wi]?inne al to is wille • Markede place inou • 2500 
& rerde ]?er an castel • god ynou & strong • 
pat ]7uongcaster o];er tangcaster • icluped was for ]?is 
p'uong • 
aduentus per come out of germaynie • vnder ]?at ich wene • 
plurium. Ycharged mid gode knittes • ssipes eittetene • 

& rowen hengistes doiter • among hom ybro^t was • 
pat vairor womman nour aboute • in none londe nas • 
conuiuium po J^is castel tare was • hengist jjen king bisotte • 
eugist. rp^ come to is castel & yse • ]?e knittes J^at he brotte • 



2497. po carf he'] And carf afiy. an hole'] a bole BySy; o bole a; a 
bool 5. hude] hyde BS ; huyde a ; hide ^y. to an'] al to a B ; al 
to o fair a ; al to a faii-e fiy ; al fayr to ou 5. \>uong] J^ong Ba ; 
Jjonge /37S (& passim). 

2498. poru out] om. ajSy. \>e wule it] wil he B ; \>q wile he o; The 
while hit 187. ileste] Aa ; laste B ; last ;875. \}o was it] & )>o 
was he B ; & he was a ; & hit was fiy ; and )30 was it 5. 

2499. an] one 0(87. 7-ochi] roche BS. stede] stude Ba. he] 
om. a^y. 

2500. Sf] om. afiy. al] om. 0^87. Markede] he markede a ; he 
marked (87. 

2501. 8f rerde .... strong] & rerde o castel strong ynou wy^d & eke 
long a ; And rered o castel stronge ynoii^ wide & eke longe ^87. 

2502. ]>uo7i(jcaster] J:>angcaster B ; hongcastel 01878. o\>er tangcaster'] 
om. 01)878. icluped] yclepud B5 ; icleped a ; callyd ^y. for] 
al for 0(878. \>is] ^e B ; J>ulke a ; ^ilke ^y ; J^at 8. See Appendix, 
Note O. 

250.3. germaynie] germanieBa; gennayue $y. 

2504. eiytetene] eitetenea; ei^tene ^37. 

2505. Sf] om. 0)878. rowen] Kowenne 0/87. hengistes] hengist $y. 
1/broyt] brou^t ;37. 

506. pat . . . 7tas] pat aboute on oher lond no fairere wimman nas o ; 
That aboute in oj'er londes no fairer womman nas ^37 ; That nowhere 
in oJ>ere londe a fayrere womman |>er nas 8. nour] nower B. 

jione londe] no lond B. 

2507. yare] redy /87S ]pcit] \>e 'Bafiy. 

2508. to is . . . Itniytes] & seo (se 1878) Jie knytes (kny^ttes &y; knyghtis 
6) at his castel 0^378. yse] se B. broyte] had brou^t ^87. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 179 

pis king com |?uder priueliche • & ]7es knittes ysey • 

& Ms castel so sone arerd • so strons: & so hey 2510 P'"™'^^. 

vGSscllis 
Mid al he was wel ypayed • & bileuede atte mete • m-i' 

pis maide out of chambre com • ]>o hii adde neit ytete • 

Mid a coupe of golde vol of win • side drou hire tail • 

Akne to ]fe king lo sede • Louerd king washayl • 

pe king bi huld hire sui}7e ynou • & bi huld hire vair- 

hede • 2515 

Vor so vair wommon nuste he non • & askede wat to 

sede • 
Men ]?at knewe |?e langage • sede wat was washail • 
& ]>at he ssolde to hire J^at bro2te • ansuerie drink 

hail • 
Drink hail quaj? ]>e king a^en • & bad hire drinke 

anon • 
pe coupe he nom sujjj^e of hire • & among horn eu- - 

richon • 2520 



2509. pis'] po B. Jjxrfer] t>eodere a. >es] )>is B ; >eos a ; >ise $y. 
7/sei/'] sy^e S. 

2510. so'] om. n/SyS. 

2511. ypayed] apayed By; ypayd a ; apaied /3 ; payde 5. bileuede] 
bilefde a. atte] at J>e a ; J>er at \>e S. 

2512. )>o] om. a; when /Sy. hii adde] )>ei hadden B; hei hadde/8; 
they had y. neix] om. B. 3/^e<e] ete ^y. 

2513. a coupe] a coppe B ; o coppe a. of golde] om. a/B^S. hire] 
hure o. 

2514. Akne] Akneo a; On knee y. yo] heoBa; sche /8 ; she y ; ))ys 
sche 5. sede] seyde B5 ; sat & sede a ; satte & seide fiy. Louerd] my 
lord })e S. ivaskayl] wasseyl B ; washail a ; washaile fiy ; wassaile S. 

2515. hi huld] bihelda; biheldeySy. hire] ova. a^yS. sui]>e] isistfiy. 
bi huld] wondrede Ba ; wondred 5 ; wondrid of Py, 

2516. Vor] om. afiyS. wommon] wimman a. 7iustc] wist fiy ; 
wyst S. §•] he B5. 50] heo Ba ; sche y35 ; she y. 

2517. knewe] knew B ; knowe j3. wat] hit a;875. icashaH] 
wassayl B ; washayl a. 

2518. >a<] om. a/S-y. to hire] om. B. \>at bro'^te] ajeno/S ; ayein y; 
ajeyne 5. ansuerie] onswere w' B ; segge nou a ; saie nowe y3 ; sey 
nowe 7 ; seye S. 

2519. \>e] \>\& B. a-^en] )?o a ; om. ^yd. bad] bed B. 

2520. coupe] coppe a. nom] toke B/87. su\>\>e] s(t\>\>e Ba ; sij?e ^y. 
^] om. Bay. eurichon] echon B ; ]>er echon a ; echone iSyS, 

M 2 



180 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Kuste hire & sette hire adoun • & glad dronk hire heil • 
& j^at was lo in ]?is lond • ]>e verste washail • 
As in langage of saxoyne • j^at me mi^te euere iwite • 
& so wel he paij> ]^at folc aboute • ]?at he nis no^t ^ut 

vortute • 
No sire ne be J^e day so long • |?e wule hii sitte]; 
abenche • 2525 
& som of ]?e nizt nime]? }er to • ]?e drinke vor to 
ssenche • 
[119] Of an holi prechors word • hii nolde no^t so ofte 
]?enche • 
As of ]'e murye word as horn ]nnc]> • of j?e seli wenche* 
So fonl lechour was J^e king • J^at anon in J^e house • 
He wilnede vor foul lecherie • ]'is mayde abbe to spouse • 
rex dedit Hengist wuste wel is wille « & J?at he was hastif • 
gfst &^°' He him grantede in is felonie • is doiter abbe to wif • 
sponsat 
fii'.am. — 

2521. Kuste'] & custe B; Kjst 7. sette ha-e'] sette a. glad'] 
gladliche a^y ; gladdly 5. 

2522. in] on a^y. washail] vassayl B. 

2523. As] And 5. saxoyiie] saxonie B ; Saxon )Q7. me mi-^te euere 
iwite] euere (euer j8) is y write 0^87. iiuite] -wj-te 5. 

2524. he] hit a^y. \>at] )je J875. aboute] om. afiy. he 7iis] nis 
he o; hit is /3 ; it is 7 ; it ys 5. yut] om. affy ; ^it J^er 5. voryute'] 
forgete B ; forpte o/3 ; foryete 7. 

2525. A^ sire ne] Ne a ; No fiy ; om. S. so] no so a ; neuer so & ; 
neuere so yS. hii sittei>] heo sitte^ B ; je sitteb afi ; ye sette 7 ; 
^e sitte S. abeyiche] o benche B ; on benche )875. 

2526 omitted in 7. 

2526. iiimij;)] om. a/8 ; take^e S. ssenche] schenche BayS ; swenche 8. 

2527. Of an] On a; Of J87 ; An S. holi] holi^e a. hii riolde] nolIe> 
hi a ; nyl )e ;37 ; nyl \>ej 5. ofte] longe fiy ; oft on 5. 

2528. >e] that 7 ; J'is 5. as horn Yinc\>] om. 0^875. as] hat B. )pe] 
)>ulkc o ; Jjilke fiy ; >ylk 5. seli] selije o. 

2529. So] As 7. lechour] a lechour 5. 

2530. wilnede?^ willede B ; wolde fiy. foul] om. afiyS. lecherie] 
lecheri^e a. ]>is] >at afiy. abbe to] for te B ; to haue to 5. 

2531. wuste] wiste Ba ; Avist ^37. wel is iville] his -wille wel a; his wil 
wel ^37. <§•] om. 8. was] wes B ; was so 8. 

2532. him] om. BS. him grantede] grauntede him o; grauntydhim ;87. 
felonie] feloni^e a ; foly ^y. is doyter] here 8, abbe to] to be 
ys B ; to ben his 8. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 181 

Vor iwat |?e king zene him • |;e contreie of kent 

ywis • 
pe king in is foule wille • grantede al ]>is • 
& wedclede ]>is mayde • in wel lu}>er cas • 2535 

Vor J>at he was cristine • & to payene was • 
pat lond was vuel ypaid ];er wi|? • & is J>re sones al so • 
Vortimer • & castigen • & passen ];er to • 
Four hondred ^er • & fourty • & nyne ich vnder 

stonde • 
Hit was of grace p'at |>e saxoyns • |?us com verst to 

londe . 2540 

po were among cristinemen • |7is paiens ]?us imengd • 
pat misbileue in to al ]>is lond • among men was 

ysprengd • 
Hengist sede to |?e king • sire )^ou mitt yse • 
pat ich am in stede of )?i fader • & ]n conseiler 

ssal be • 
Do al after Mi conseil • & |?o.u ssalt J^oru me • 2545 



2533. contreie'] contre B; coiitrei^e a; cuntrey 187. 

2534. aZ] )>o al a ; t>an al fiy. 

2535. J>js] h>at 5. wel] a wel B ; ryjt 0y5. 

2536. J>rt<] om. S. ivas] om. a^y. cristine] cristene man a ; cristen 
man $yS. yo] heo Ba ; sche ^y5. payene] a payuen B ; paynym 
j8 ; panym y ; Payneme S. 

2537. \iat] This /Sy. was] wes B. vuel] yuel ^87. ypaid] payde 
J87. 

2538. castigen] catigeu BS; castigern 7. passen] pascense a ; Pascence 
fiy. 

2540. Hit . . . grace] Of grace hit was a^y ; Of grace was 5. was] 
wes B. )>e] Hs « ; J>ise 187; om. S. saxoyns] saxones B ; saxons 07; 
Saxons )35. }pus] om. 0/875. com verst] come B ; come first 5 ; furst 
come a;87. to londe] to J'is londe Baj37 ; a londe 5. 

2541. t>'«] om. S. paiais] paynes B; payns a; paynymes ^y ; Pai- 
nems S. imengd] y menged B ; y mengid fiy. 

2542. to] om. 5. \>is lond] eugelond a ; englond ^y. ysprengd] 
ysprenged B ; y sprengid 187 ; sprengde 5. 

2543. yse] it se 7. 

2544. ich am in stede of] I as 5. 

2545. )>oru] after 7. 



182 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[120] 

Missio 
post octo 
& ebise. 



adueutus 
eorum. 



Ouercome al j^in fon • to sol'e ich segge it ])e • 
Sende we tute after mi sones • octo • & ebyse • 
pat quointe werreours be]? • & stalwarde & wyse • 
In J^e norj^half tif horn lond • ware ]70u wolt bise • 
pat hii mowe bituene ]?e • & |?e scottes be • 2550 

panne ]?ou mitt siker be • bisou|7e bomber ywis • 
pe king he sende after hom • & grantede al 'pis • 
So ]?at wi)? pre hondred ssipes • hii ariiiede per • 
Vol of armes & of men • her was gTet poer • 
pe king wel vawe zei hom lond • as hengist him bi- 

sotte • 2555 

& hengist eiiere mo & mo • ssipes hider brotte • 
po pe brutons ]?is yseye • of trayson hii were in drede • 
Vor pe lond was al of hom yfuld • J'er uore pe king 

hii bede • 
pat he ssolde him vnderstonde • & out of londe hom do • 
Vor it ne bicome nott to payens • among cristine men 

be so . 2560 



2546. ]>in] >i B ; ]>ine a. to soi>e~] for soj^e afiyS. it] ora. BafiyS. 

2547. yute^ om. 5. mi] mine a. octo'] octe B ; octa a/87; Otte 5. 
§•] & eke 5. ebyse'] Ebise BS ; elyse aP ; Elise y. 

2548. quointe] quaynte B; queynt Py. werreours] werroures B; 
worreors o ; werryours fiy. stalwarde] stalworj^e ByS ; stalewor)je a ; 
stalwortb y. 

2549. yf] ye/B ; jeue fiy. wolt] schalt 5. 

2552. he] B; hen A (? het) ; let a; lete $y5. after] all after 5. al] 
eke al 5. 

2553. \>at] om. &y. i>re] Ba$yS; \>e A. ]}er] her a ; here ^375. 

2555. wel vaive] wel fayn B ; welfawe a ; ry^t fayne ^y ; fawe 5. }ef] 
jaf Baj3y. 

2556. hider] fiy ; hj'der B ; hidere a ; hedir 5 ; hide A. 

2557. po] om. 8. yseye] j-see y. of] and of 5. hii] om. 5. 

2558. ^e] ]f>o B. al of hom yfuld] al mid hem yfuld B ; of ham ifuld a ; 
of hem yfuUyd ^y ; so fulle of hem 5. \>e king] om. y. bede] 
badde y. 

londe] the londe y. 

nc bicome noj<] bicome> noujt ^y ; by come noght 5. 
payens] payns Ba ; Paynymes ^y ; Paynems 5. 



2559. him] om. S. 

2560. Vor] ora. 5. 
in] the y ; om. 5. 
6c] to be 5. 



. IIOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 183 

Vor it was aten hor cristendom • & in moni studes me 

nuste • 
Woch was on ne woch was oj^er • & hii nuste to wuch 

truste • 
Some faderes were cristine • &5 ]?e moderes he]/ene were • 
Me nuste to we]?er hii bicome • ]>e children ]?at hii 

here • 
pe king louede saxons • uor loue of is wine • 2565 

«fe nolde uor al ]>e brutons • out of is lond hom driue • 
^eint germayn ])e bissop • to )?is londe com • [121] 

Vor misbileue at bulke tyme • & to amendy cris- predicacio 

> '^ -J saucti 

tendom • germani. 

& prechede as ned was • & vair miracle wro^te • 

So J^at ]7e cristinemen • in betere stat he brotte • 2570 

& hii aforcede hom ];e more • \% he]?ene awey to driue • 

Hii nolde bileue hor porpos • vor ]7e king ne uor is 

wiue • 

Hii vorsoke |?e king alout • & binome him is poer • fol. 44. 

h is eldoste sone made king • bat het vortimer • vortimer 

^ ^ fit rex. 



2561. For] om. 5. a^e?i lior'\ om. B ; ayenst her 7; a^en 5. &f\ 

■ ffor S. moni\ mani^e a ; manye 5. sludes\ stede 5. imste\ 

nyst ^87. 
2.562. WocK] Wuch B ; Which a ; Whiche |3 ; Who 5. woch was\ 

wuch was B ; which a ; whiche was ^87 ; om. 5. ^- Idi nuste to wuch'] 

ne to warn me myjte B ; ne nuste to whuche a ; no nyst to whiche fiy ; 

ne nyst to wham to S. truste] tryst 187. 

2563. cristine] he>eii &y. he\>ene] crysten J87. 

2564. nuste] nyst ^y^. to ive\>er] whedyr 5. hii] om. a^yd. 

2565. saxo7is] \>q saxones B. 

2566. nolde] wolde nou^t ^y. al] om. 5. 

2567. bissop] Busshop 7. to] vnto 5. \>is] ))isse a. 

2568. at )>ulke] ]?at B ; on >at a5 ; in ^at ^y. ^] om. a/875. amendy] 
amende 8/87. 

2569. as] as yt B ; as hit a/8S ; as it 7. miracle] miracles Boy87. 

2570. ]>e] om. ^yS. cristinemen] cristendom ^y. 

2571. aforcede hom Jje more] enforced hem J^erfore 5. to] om, a. 

2572. nolde] wolde noujt /8 ; wolde not 7, bileue] leue ^y. 

2573. binome him is] binome al his a ; binome ys B ; from him toke al ^37, 

2574. eldoste] eldest B ; eldeste a ; eldist ^87. het] hatte B ; hijt /3 ; 
highte 7. 



184 THE CHRONICLE OF 

guerra. pis vortimer wi]^ gret poer • & wi]? gret ernest ynoii • 
poru conseil of seint germain • a^en ]?is he]?ene drou • 
pe seue]?e ter it was after • ]?at hii to londe come • 
pe king was gode )?onk aboue • in four batailes J^at 
hii nome • 
occisio Alle hii were In one iere • & atte verste wi|;oute one • 
-Castigen ];e kinges broj^er • mid is men echone • 2580 
Asaylede hors & is ost • so ]?at hii fo^te vaste • 
occisio So J^at |?is castigen • aslawe was atte laste • 
°^^' pe king uor is bro)?er de]? • sori was ynou • 

To ]?is hors he sraot anon • & amidde al is folc him 

slou • 
po l^is stronge mon was aslawe • j^at so strong was in 
fi^te . ^ 2585 

[i22] His men bigonne sone to fie • & vawe ]?at hii mi^te • 
iij™ bellum. pg i^ridde bataile |?at hii smite • was ritt upe pe se • 
per com )?e king mid is ost • & hengist him ate • 
per was batayle strong ynou • & mest was upe tweye • 
Vpe j^e king & hengist • ]?at were so stronge beye • 



2575. wij> gret] god Ba ; good &yS. erriesf] vrnest a. 

2577. pe se«e>e] po seue B ; The seueuJjjS ; The seuen 7. it was after'] 
J^er after ay ; )>er aftir y3 ; after J'at 5. >«< hii] \>ey S. 

2578. pe king] pis vortimer a ; This vortymer ^y ; This Fortimere S. 
yode \>onk] god i \>oiik B ; om. o^SyS. in] at 0/878. 

2579. hii] om. 0/87. were] 'weren 5. ^] om. B. 

2580. Castiyen] Catigen B. echone] euerychone S. 

2581. fo-^te] fou)ten S. 

2582. )pis] om. S. castiyen] catigen B. aslawe] yslawe B; slayn fiy. 

2583. pe] po B. 

2584. amidde] among Ba ; amonge 1875. is] om. 5. 

2585. po] Whenne fiy. stronge mon] hors 0/878. aslawe] slawe B ; 
slayn fiy ; yslayn 5. so strong] kete a/35 ; kythe 7. Jiyte] iyyt B/3. 

2586. so7ie] om. B. to] om. a. vawe] fayn B^75; fawea. 7niyte] 
myjt By3. 

2587. sniite] smote /37 ; smytenS. upe] vpB; op on a; vpon/8; vppon 7. 

2589. mest] most /8 ; moste 7. was] yt was B ; om. 0/878. upe] 
vp B ; op on a ; vppon ^37. tweye] twei^e o ; two $y ; tweyne 5. 

2590. Vpe] Vp B ; Op on a ; Vppon Py. were so stronge heye] 
stronge were beije a; stronge men were J>o fiy ronge were beyne S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 185 

pe stronge duntes y&t hii smite • grisliche were to se • fuga 
So |?at hengist bigan • atte laste to fie • .^^ teneth, 

He J7at neuer er ne fley • founde ]fev is per • 
He fley in to be yle of tenet • he ne durste astunte 

no ner • 
^ut eft hii foite in )7e se • & hi side J>erc • 2595 

Ac ];e brutons at eche tyme • |^e maistrie awey bere • 
pe saxons yseye suj^J^e • J?at hii ne mi^te no leng 

astonde • 
To l^e king hii sende )7at hii moste • wende to hor owe 

londe • 
po hii were alle henne ywend • here was ioye inou 
pe king tef is men grete ^iftes • & gret loue to horn 

drou . 2600 

& let rere chirchen vp • |?at \>e ssrewen adoun caste • 
& bigan to makie a nywe lond • ac to lute wule it 

laste • 



2591. pe] po B. smite'\ smyten B ; smote 0y ; smete S. were'] yt 
was B ; was 5. 

2592. biga7i atte laste] at last began 5. to] for to a^yd. 

2593. 7ieuer] neuere a. er] her a. ne] om. 5. founde] fond B ; 
fonde fiy. 

2594. fley] flee y. in'] om. ct/S^S. tenet] teneth a^ ; Tenethe y. 
he lie durste] he no dor.ste B ; ne dorste a ; he diu'st ^y ; he dorst 5. 
astunte] abide Ba/S^S. 

2595. "^ut] ^et B ; ^uyte a. hii] he 5. foUe] fou)ten B; fought 5. 
bi side] bi sides afi ; besides y. 

2597. pe] po B. yseye] heo seye B; ysei^e a; yse 187; sawe 5. 
SMj>J)e] om. B ; wel ^y. ne] om. B. no leng] om. 0/875. astonde] 
at stonde Ba. 

2598. To . . . sende] Hi bede J'e king a ; Thei prayed ]>q kynge (87 ; 
They bede l^e kynge 5. \>at] om. afi. to hor owe] hom to heruB ; 
to hare a ; to here ^y ; vnto her S. 

2599. alle] om. afiyZ. henne] hom a ; home /SyS. ywend] ywent 
B^y. 

2600. grete] om. ajSyS. 

2601. rcT-e] arere B. chirchen] \>e chirchen a; j^e churches 78 
chirches B/8. vp] om. 5. ssrewen] schrewes BjSyS. 

2602. makie] make BJ87. nywe] muri B ; nowe ;8 ; newe 7 ; merye S. 
ac'\ & a^y. lute] lutle o ; litlo 0y. 



186 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



toxicacio 
I'egis. 



concilium 
regis. 



fol. 44 b. 
[123] 



pe cleuel adde enuie ]7er to • ]?at he susteinede cris- 

tindom • 
& in is stepmoder herte • is woniinge he nom • 
So ]?at ]?e lu]?er womman • of poyson hire bi]?o^te • 
& apoysonde ])& gode mon • & to de]?e him bro^te • 
pe king ]?o he sey is de]? • is kni^tes he let of sende • 
& ssewede horn alle }»en wey • woder he ssolde wende • 
& tef horn gold & seluer • & ^iftes riche & gode • 
& bed horn vor J>e loue of god • ]7at hii horn vnder- 

stode . 2610 

& stabeliche helde to gadere • to saiiy ]?at lond • 
pat neuere l^e lujjer payens • it adde eft anhond • 
& lit he mitte libbe leng • he nolde drede no^t • 
& wanne it alles so was • j^at he was to de|?e ybro^t • 
He bad )?at wanne he were ded • ]?at me is bodi nome • 
& bured it atte hauene • }?ere ]>e paiens come • 2616 



2603. pe] Fore J>e 5. e7iuie'] envyje a. i>er <o] om. a/SyS, he 
susteinede'] sustened was a ; susteynecl was /S^S. 

2604. in is] on hisa 5. ivoniimje'] wonyjinge a ; wounynge /8 ; wonnyng 7. 

2605. he] \>o B. hi]>er'\ lupere a. ivommati] wimman a ; wommon B. 

2606. apoysonde'] apoysenede a ; poysoned j3 ; poyseued 7 ; poysned S. 
mon] king a ; kynge ^y^. de)>e] >e de]>e B ; >e de)? ay. 

2607. pe] pis B. sey] isey a ; sawe 78. is] >en B ; Jjc 5. is] 
aftir his 37. ^e] om. 5. of sende] asende a ; sende /87 ; owte 
sende 5. 

2608. \>en] J^e Ba/37S. ^voder] wyder B ; weder a. lie] >ey 5. 

2609. seluer] soluer B. riche Sf gode] good and riche 7. 

2610. bed] bad Ba ; prayed ,87. horn] om. 5. 

2611. stabeliche] faste a; fast &yS. helde] holde B57 ; hulde a. 
sauy] saue B(37. J^a/] hare a ; here ^7. 

2612. J>e /Mj>er payens] W lnl>er payns B; Jjulke payens a; J>ilke 
paynymes /37 ; t>ylk paynmes 5. it adde] nadde hit a ; haue hit 
fiy. anhond] on hond a ; in honde ^y. 

2613. y/] yf hat S. leng] lenger 'BfiyS. nolde] wolde hem fiy; 
wolde 5. 

2614. alles so] so /S7 ; also 5. was to de)>e] wes to dej)e B ; to >e dethe 
was 8. 

2615. 6ad] bed B. \>at] om. Ba^75. rfec?] deb 3. me] me 
schulde B. 

2616. bured] burie B; burede o; buryed ^y ; berye 5. it atte"] 
ytJ>eB. I'eT-e] wer B. paiens] payns Be ; paynymes 7; Palmns 5. 



KOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 187 

In an tumbe suijie hey • p»at hii miite hit ver yse • 

pat hii vor drede of |;e si^te • mitte sone fie • 

Hardy was is herte to horn • wanne he wolde j^at hii 

adde • 
Drede of is bodi ded • wanne hii aliue adde • 2620 
per was del & sorwe ynou • ])o };is godemon was ded • ^^^^^ 
&5 naj^eles hii ne bured him nott • as he him sulf bed • 
Vor hom ]?o2te it nas bote an wile • ac as hii hom 

bi}?o^te • 
In londone mid gret honour • j^is bodi an erj;e hii 

bro2te • 
"Uortiger ]?e lu]?er man • ];o is sone ded was • 2625 vortigemus 

Ynder veng a^en to him • }>e kinedom alas • ^^^' 

Vor sone |>oru is wiues red • after hengist he sende • Missiopost 
pat he hider to him • mid simple uolc wende • hengist. 

Vor he di-adde ^if he adde • to gret poer an honde • 
pat |7er ssolde arise strif • bituene him & ]>e londe • 

2617. a7i tumbe'\ a temple B ; toumbe al3y. sMJ)>e] ryjt fiy. Ae^] 
heye B ; heyje a ; heije /3 ; high y. hii'] me a; men fiyS. hif] 
om. a^yS. ver] fer afiy ; }>ere S. 

2618. vor drede] draddea/By; drad 5. siyte] sijete a. miyte sone] 
& sone myte a ; and soone my^t /3 ; & sone myght yd. 

2619. is herte] he a^yS. 

2620. aliue adde] o hue hym dradde B ; him alyue dradde a0 ; him on 
lyue dradde y ; ahue him dradde 5. 

2621. del] deol B ; dul a ; doiljS ; doile y (& passim). >o] when $y. 
godemon] king a ; kynge fiyS. 

2622. Sf] Ac Ba5 ; But /Sy. na\>eles] no>eles B. ne] om. 5. bured] 
burede a ; buriede B ; buryed 0y • beryed 5. him sulf bed] ere hem 
bede 8. 

2623. ho)n i>oyte] om. a^yS. nas] was /87S. an wile] awilleB ; o gret 
wil a; of gret wille I3y. ac] om. a^y. hii] hee B. 

2624. gret] om. B. >«s] J^at a/87. bodi] bedi B. an] on a ; in 0y. 
er]?e] yerthe 7. hii] om. B. 

2625. J>e] this 7. ma7i] swike a/87. 

2626. V7ider veng] Vnder fong B ; Vnderfeng o ; Vnderfonge 0y. axen 
to him] to him ayein 7. to him \>e kinedom] >e kyngdom to him 
a^eine S. 

2628. to him] a^en to him a0 ; ayein to hym 7 ; ajeyne to him 5. wendel 
ywende a/87. 

2629. to gret] so grete 5. an] on 0^37. 

2630. Vat i>er] Ba^y ; That Jjere 5 ; l^er per A. 



188 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[124] po hengist hurde telle • J^at vortimer was ded • 

aduentus jjg g;aderede poer ynou • & sone nom is red • 
regis, ° r J . 1 . 

& pre hondred ]?ousend men • mid nim yharmed he nom • 

& mid al }>e atyl j^er to • in to j^is lond he com • 

po ]?e king *& is conseil wuste • of so gret compainye • 

Hii bi)?02te & dradde sore • }>at it were uor trieherye • 

& na]7eles he sende hom word a^en • in is felony e • 

pat in gret loue hider he com • & ne ]>oZiQ no vileinye • 

Bote uor drede of vortimer • leste he aliue were • 

Such folc wij? him he brotte • vor he adde of him 

fere • 2640 

Ac wanne he nas aliue no^t • he bad |?e king be hende • 

pat he mitte mid is folc • upe is lond wende • 

Biuore him & is conseil • at a certein time & place • 

"Wi]?oute eni maner harme • to fondi is grace • 

& ]?at ]>e king of is men • at helde woch he wolde • 

& driue aten ouerse • ]?ulke ]?at he nolde • 2646 

2632. nom.'] toke 5 ; nom to j8 ; to 7. 

2633. >re] thre tho y. him'] om. B. yharmed] y armod B ; )>o a ; 
Jjan Py. 

2634. ^ . . . i>er to] Wei y armed & atyred ek o ; Wele yarmyd & atyred 
eke 0y. atyl] atire 5. in to] & to aySyS. he] om. a; J)ei jS-y, 

2635. }>e] >is a. co7iseil] om. 5. so] ys B ; his a^B ; this y. 

2636. Hii] Heo B ; He ajSyS. )>at it were uor] of luj^ere a5 ; of somme 
hijier ^y. See Appendix, Note P. 

2637. §•] om. a^SyS. he sende hom word ajew] hengist sende word a ; 
hengist sent worde ^y ; he sent worde S. in] on S. 

2638. gret] om. 5. hider he] he hider a^y. we] no B. ne . . . 
vileinye] for no tricheri^e a; for no trecherye ySy ; w'owte trecherie 5. 

2639. vortimer] fortimer o; ffortymer 7. leste] last B; laste a. 
aliue] o liue B ; on lyue 7. 

2640. M'«J> him he] he mid him a ; he with him fi. 

2641. Ac wanne] Ac wen B ; But sithe &y. nas aliue] nas o liue B ; 
was alyue /8 ; was on lyue 7 ; alyue was 8. bad] prayede fiy. 

2642. vpe is] vp ys B ; op on his a ; vppon his /3 ; vppon this 7. 

2643. 2644 transposed in 0^37. 

2643. Biuore] To fore a5. at a] a B ; in 0/878. 

2644. Wi];>oute] With B ; Withouten 0y. harme] arme Ba fondi] 
fonde B ; founde of S. 

2645. J>c] jpo B. at helde] athuld B ; athulde a ■ atholde $y. woch] 
wuche B ; whuch a ; whiche 187. 

2646. ouerse] ouer )>e ee B ; ouer )>e see ^87 ; o]?er >e se 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 189 

pe king was her of wel ypayd • & sette liim a day • 
& al is owe folc • j^at hii come • ]?e uerste day of 

may • 
At ambresbury vor to speke • of |ns )nng som ende • fol. 45. 
To atholde woch he wolle of horn • & "pe of'ere ate 

sende • 2650 

po j^at folc in ey]?er syde • ywar were of j^at daye • fraus 
In a ny we maner hengist ]>ozte • )?e king & is bytraye • ^°^'^*' 
He het al is knittes • J'at mid hin p'ere were • rjgsi 

pat in is hose stilleliche • ech of hom a knif bere • 
& wanne hii his semble • among J^is brutons come • 
pat ech of hom an heyman • In. conseil to him nome • 
& siii]?e vaire speke wi]? him • & wanne he Jeanne sede • 
NimeJ? lour soxes • ]?at le anon mid |;e dede • 



2647. hej- o/] her w}J> B ; ^er mid a ; J>er with ^y ; here w' 5. ypat/dj 
apaied ^y ; ypayed 5. him'] [>o ham a ; )>an hem 0y ; hem J)o B5. 
a] om. B. 

2648. al'] om. a^yS. 

2649. At] To afiy. spelte] om. B. som ende] an ende S. 

2650. atholde] holde 0/875. woch] wuche B ; whiichea; whyche {^at 5. 
wolle] wolde BajSyS. o}>e?'e] o|?er B. c}^] a^en Ba/3 ; ajein 7. 

2651. \>at] Jjis B. /?«] on 5. were] was Baj87; om. 5. ];>at] J^e 
Ba^yS. 

2652. In . . . maner] turne S. a] o a. Vo'^te] J^oujt B5. bytraye] 
to bytraye 5. 

2653. Ife] And S. het] hette B ; heyght 5 ; lete/37. \>at mid hin\>ere] 
w' him Jjer t>at 5. hin] hym B ; hi a ; him 7. 

2654. pa<] om. 0/878. is] his a ; here /8 ; her 7. cc/t . . . knif] 
o long knif Jjat hi o ; a knyf longe yuoiu J^at hei ^y ; a knyfe J^at 
he 5. 

2655. wanne] wan B ; whanne a ; whan ^y. hii .... hrutons] to 
\>\se Brutons amonge hem J^at ^ei fiy. his] to J^is Ba ; to {^ys 5. 
semble] om. a. )>js] J>e a5. 

2656. an] on a ; one /37. 7/*] to 7. 

2657. s?">e] rijt'/87; ryght S. spe;^e] spake S. wi\) him] him wij> 
0^875. wa?iiie] wan B ; }>anne a ; \>an /8 ; thenne 7. //e ]>anwe] 
whanne he a ; whenne he fiy ; J'at he S. 

2658. Nime\>] Take je S. your] eure a. scares] saxes B ; sexes 0/87S. 
J3a< . . . dede] anon mid J^e dede a ; anone with rijt in dede B ; anone 
right wyth iu dede 7. ye] he B. 



190 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Drou is knif & slowe anon • al an onywar 

pat hii mitte of ]>e hexte men • ]?at loncl makie 

bar . 2660 

pis word was wel vnderstonde • so ]?at ]70 hii come • 
In ei|7er side to ambresbury • |7en day |7at hii nome • 
& ]>e brutons al simpleliche • In god pays hii vnder- 

stode • 
& hengist spac wi]? ]>e king • as it were uor gode • 
& ]>o he sei is time wel • he bigan to grede anon • 2665 
Nime]? toure sexes • & is men |7er wi}? Echon • 
Kipte hor longe kniues • &5 slowe vaste to gronde • 
So ]7at hii slowe four hondred • & sixti in an stounde • 
Of erles «& of barons • of ]>e hexte ]7at |?er were • 
Alas ]?e deol to J^is lond • woch treson was |7ere • 2670 
Nou ne cou]?e l^e brutons • non engliss ywys • 
Ac Ipe saxons speche it was • & J^oru hom ycome it is • 



2659. Dro7i .... onyivarl That >iei schulde drawe here knyfes & sle 
alle vuware ^y. Drou'] Drowe a. is Jmyf] her knyves 5. 
slowe] sloni S. anon] om. a. al an] al on a ; al 5. onywar] 
vnware 5. 

2660. hii] he ajiy. hexte] heijest ^y. >a<] \>e S. makie] makije a; 
make B/Sy ; to make 5. 

2661. wel] om. 5. wel vnderstonde] vnderstonde wel I3y. ]po] om. 
a^yS. 

2662. In . . . ambresbury] To ambresburi ey>er half a ; To Ambresbury 
o))ere half ySy. \>en] )>o B ; >>ene a ; J>at fiyS. 

2663. ^] om. 5. pays] pay as B ; pes a. Mi] as J^ey S. 

2664. spac] spek B. wi)>] mid a. as] as J>ei aS ; as ^ouj ^y. 

2665. sei] say B ; saw) /3 ; sawe y. 

2666. NimeY] Take je 5. goitre] eure a. sexes] saxes B. );>er 
wi)>] om. ai37. Echon] euerichon o ; euerechone fi ; eueryehone y. 

2667. Kipte] Hente fiy ; Owte w' 5. vaste] J>o a ; >an fiy. 

2668. So \>at hii] & aBy. slowe] slow B. an stounde] a stoude B 
o stounde a ; a litel stounde Py. > 

2669. erles] vrles a. &fof] of a/3; and 7. 0/ K] l^eBS; & of K 
0/37. hexte] heijest 0y. 

2670. j/;oc/i treson was] & treson Jjat was aPy ; suche was J^o S. 

2671. Me cou\>e] cou)>e noght S. ]?e] om. By- engliss] englichs a. 

2672. ycome] come ^875. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 191 

Hengist anon wi|? ]>e word • ]?en king hente vaste • [12 6] 

Bi |;e mantel & anon • to is fet him caste • 

So |?at |;is godemen were ybrott • mid trayson to 

grounde • 2675 

Ac some } at ofscapede • mid stones j^at hii founde • 
& mid staues of hegges • defended hom aboute • 
& slowe of |?is lu]7er men • manion in ]?e route • 
XT Idol erl of gioucestre • ]?at stalwar]7e kni^t was • probitas 

"^ Hente an stronge leuour • |>at him com anhonde ^ ° ' 

bicas . 2680 

po he sei is felawes • ymor]?red so villiche • 
God ernest he nom to him • & sturede him harde- 

liche • 
He smot to gronde & littliche • he ne lef stroc non • 
pat he ne brae heued oJ;er arm • o];er som o|?er bon • 
He ne ^ef of is lif no^t • is felawes to awreke • 2685 
So ]?at he slou in ]?e place • ar is staf gonne breke • 



2673. ivilp'] mid a. t>e«] \>e BPy ; J^ane a. 

2674. Sf} om. /Sy. to'] & to 0y. 

2675. t>is] hese S. yodemen] folc a; folk 5; folke fiy. were'] was 
a$y. ybro-'yt] brou^t ^y. trayson] treson Ba. to] to J^e 5, 

2676. Ac] & a/3-y. )>at] >er afiy. ofscapede] ascapede a ; ascaped 

2677. defended^ defondede B ; defendede a. 

2678. slowe] slow B. \>is] >isse a. manion in )>e] manye in a S. 

2679. Eldol] Eldol J^e a; Edolf >e fiy ; Cadel f-e 5. \,at stalwar\>e 
kniyt] J^at a strong knyjt B ; staleworJ?e knijt ))at a ; stalwor>e knyjt 
}>at fiy. 

2680. an] a B. an stronge leuour] o leuor on his bond a; a leuere in 
his honde jSy. him] om. S. com an honde] a com at houde B ; 
com J3er a ; come J^er ^y. 

2681. set] say B ; isey u ; sawe fiy. 

2682. sturede] sturde B ; stered ;8 ; sterryd y. hardeliche] baldelicbe 
0/8 ; boldeliche 78. 

2683. &f] om. a/SyS. he] & be afiy ; for he 5. ne] om. 5. 

2684. heued o\>er anw] hede and arme y. o\>er] or 5. ojjer] or B5; 
outber 7. 

2685. we] om. 5. lif] lyue o. to] for to BafiyS. awreke] wreke 
afiy. 

2686. >e] that 7. ar] er B/3 ; or 7. 



fol. 45 b. 



192 THE CHRONICLE OF 



Sixtimen & tene & woundede monyon • 
& tute he of scapede aliue • uor horn eclion • 
tormentum pat IvLpeY folc ]>at slou |7us • ]7at folc mid tricherie • 
^^^^^' pun king hii bounde uaste ynou • ]?at reulich he gan crie* 
capcio & defoulede him mid bendes • vorte he suor is o]> • 
Al hor wille euer eft to do • nere him no so lo]? • 
po wende vor]? ]7is lujjer folc • & nome londone • 
[127] & Euerwik • & Lincolne • al )>oru |?is traysone • 2694 
& su]7]7e winchestre bisou]>e • & o)?er grete tounes mo • 
& robbede as hii wende • & slowe & dude muche 
wo . 2695* 

pis were lo vre faderes • of wan we be]? suj7}?e ycome • 
pat wi]? such trayson • abbe]? • J^is lond ]'us ynome • 
l^ortiger vre feble king • j^at lute was wor]? |?o • 
As he it adde of serued • ynou he adde of wo • 

2687. monyon'] mani^e on a. 

2688. yite] )etB; ^ut a ; ^it/Sy; ^yt 5. he] om. 5. of scapede] 
ascapede a ; ascaped /SyS. echon] euer ech on B ; euerichon o ; 
euerechone & ; euerychone yS. 

2689. pa^] And )je B ; pis a ; Thise jSy ; These S. lu\^cr] luthern y. 
slou] slowe Bay. ]>atfolc . . . tricherie] w' her fals trechorye S. 

2690. pMw] po B ; pane a ; That fiy. yno^l] om. a^yS. reulich] 
rewliche B ; reuHche a^ ; reuthfullich S. he gan] biganne y. crie] 
to crye y. 

2691. bendes] bouades ^y ; bondes 5. vorte] for to B ; vor to a ; vn 
to jSy. 

2692. eft] aftir /8 ; om. y. nere him no so] ner hyra ner so B ; were 
him not so S ; nere him no a ; nere hit him neuer so fiy. 

2693. po wende] Thanne went y. Sf] and anone 5. nome londone] 
londone nome anon a ; londou toke anone Py. 

2694. al ]poru . . . traysone] mid treson J^at wa[s] idon a; with tresoii 
l>at was ydone 187. traysone] treson B. 

2695. smJiJjc] om. a/SyS, o\>er] om. a$yS. 

2695*. as] euer as B. Sf slowe] slowe a ; slouj 5. dude] dede Py; 

ded S. muche] gret BoySy ; grete S. 

2696. pis] pise B ; peos a ; Thus 5. were lo] were a^y ; loo were 5, 
wan] warn B ; wha a ; whom ;8 ; whoom y. siihl^e] of B ; om. ajSyS. 

2697. trayson] om. |3y. abbe]?] habbej> >us a; haue^je |>us 0y. >««] 
to ham a ; to hem /3y5. inome] nome S. 

2698. lute] litill y. was worl>] worthe was 5. 

2699. it] om. al3y. of serued] of serued wel Ba/Sy ; deserued wel S. 
ynou he adde] to Intel hadde B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. V 193 

He fley in to walls • ]nider he com sone • 2700 fugavorti- 

He esste at is conseilers • wat were best to done • geiui. 

Me radde him uor is castels • al bi nome him were • 
pat in some syker stude • an castel hulde ]?ere • 
pere he mitte sikerliche • wite him fram is fon • lucepcio 

pe king an gode stude ]?er to • let seche out anon '2705 ^'"^tn. 
& bigan an strange castel • of lym & of ston • 
& of quoynte vorcmen • let bringe monion • 
po hii bigonne ]?is castel • al J>at hii made aday • 
A morwe wanne hii come j^er to • al clene adoune it 
lay • 2709 

No betere sped hii nadde • nere ]?e wore no so strong . qjqs] 
pe king esste at enchanters • war on it were ylong • 
pe enchantors sede • |'at me a child soite • Ineanta- 

pat were biiete wi]?oute fader • )?at me it ]?uder broite • 



2700. flei/'] flow B ; flowe I3y. )>Mrfe>-] Jjeoder a. 

2701. He'\ & ajS. esste at] ascode of B ; axede of a ; asked of ;35. 
tvere'] was B;8. 

2702. f//] bat alle 5. bi nome him'\ liym bi nome B. him'] om. a/3. 

2703. \}at] pat he B5. aii] a B ; o a^ ; sum 5. hulde be;-e] bulde 
Jiere B ; lete arere a ; lete rare /8 ; scbulde arere S. 

2704. pere] pat B5 ; par a ; "Where /8. wite] witeije a ; kepe |35. 

2705. an] a B ; one a)3 ; o 5. let] he lete 5. out] om. 5. 

2706. hiyan . . . castel] o castel ^oute bulde a ; o Castel JpouU to belde 
;8. an] a B. stranye] strong B ; stronge 5. of lym] y made 
of lyme 5. ^ o/] & 5. 

2707. of quoynte] a slyje S. vorcmen] werkmen Ba ; werkemen /8 ; 
werkman 5. let bringe] let hym bryuge B. monion'] maui^e on a. 

2708. made] rerde a; rerede /8. 

2709. A morwe] Omorwe B ; Amorewe a. wa7ine] wen B. adoune] 
J>er dowue B. 

2710. nadde] om. B ; nade a ; hadde /8. 7iere \>e wore] were hitymade S. 
nere] were /8. \>e] }>at B. no] ner B ; neuer /85. 

2711. pe kinge esste] Thanne askyd }>e kynge /8. esste] ascode B ; 
aschte aS. at] at is a ; at his /8 ; of his 5. enchantors] en- 
chanteors a. tvar on] whar on a ; where of )8. were] was B, 
ylong] longe /3. 

2712. so-^te] out soute a ; oute sou^t /3 ; ofte soughte 7 ; owte sought 5. 

2713. were] was yd. biyetc] y gete B ; bijute a. ];>at] & \)nt Baj85, 
it] him /3. it \>uder] ^uder hit a. 

N 



194 THE C!HRONICLE OF 

& slowe it & mid ]?e blocl • bi sprengde wel lior ston • 
& hor morter & it ssolde • stonde }»enne anon* 2715 
Horn ]702te it Avas vuel to do • ac ]>ei hii ne bileuede 

it nott • — "----, 

pat in many a contreye • a such child \as ysoit • 
Inuencio So }>at some ]?e messagers • to kermerdin come • 
Merlin. ^ y^Qn children biuore l?e late • pleyde hii toke gome • 
po sede on to an oj'er • merlin • wat is ])e • 2720 

pou faderlese ssrewe • wy misdostou me • 
Vor icham of kinges icome • & ]70u nart no2t Avor); a fille* 
Vor ]70u naddest neuere nanne fader • ]?eruore hold ];e 
stille . 
fol. 46. po ]?e messagers hurde ]ns • hii astunte ];ere • 

& esste at men aboute • A\^at ])e child \v^ere • 2725 

Me sede ]?at he ne bod neuere fader » jjat me mitte 

ATider stonde • 
fc is moder an kinges dotter • w^as of jnilke londe • 



2714. it] him j85. )je] hj's yS. bi sprenyde'] bi sprengo Ba/8, 

2715. hor'] om. 5. 

2716. vucl] euel B. to do] ydo B ; for to so do 5, \>ei hii] heo B; 
\>e\ a ; \>ey 5. ne hileitede] bileuede B ; byleft 5 ; ue let a ; ne lete j3. 

2717. main/] manije a. a] om. aj3 ; a ferre S. a such] such a B ; 
o swich a ■ of Avhiche /3 ; the whiche y ; suche a 5. child] om. y. 
lias] -^yas a^o. 

2718. so7ne] some of 7S; somme of fi. viessac/cra] messingcres B. 
kcrmerdiii] kaermerdin a ; kaermerdyn /3. 

2719. plcijde] pleyede B. hii] as hey S; he B. 

2720. an o\>er] ou o)'er a. 

2721. misdostou] mis dest t>ou a; mj'sdide \>o\\ fi. 

2722. nart noyt] art noght 5; art not /3. trorY] wroj^ a. a fille] 
o villa a)3S. 

2723. naddest] haddest ;85; haddist y. veuere] uer B ; neuer a; om. 5. 
nanne] no BS ; om. aj8. 

2724. \}o \>e] To )ns a ; Whcnne his /8. astunte] astynte B/8 ; 
astynten S. 

2725. esste] askedeB/3; axede a ; asked 7. rt<] of a/85. \>e] ^at B5. 

2726. Mc . . . fader] lie ue bod neuer fader heo seyde B. }-«/] om, 
0/3. he nc hod] hit nadde a ; he hadde y3 ; hit had 5. 

2727. ^-J Ac oS ; But ^. an'] a B5 ; om. oy85. \>ulhe] }>ulke sulue «; 
Hike self 0; }'ylk selue 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 195 

& wonede at seinte petres . In an nounerie ])ere • U-^l 

po pe messagors hurde j?is • loyuol ynou hii were • 

To ])e baylif of ]^e toiin • liasteliche hii wende • 2730 

pat liii ])e inoder & ])e sone • to ])e king sende ' 

po liii wuste wat hii were • hi ne dorste wi]> ^egge Merllnus 

no;t . ■ " ^"^V^^ 

So J>at J?e moder & ])e sone • to ]>e king were ybro^t • 
pe king bad |;e woniman to segge so}' • & uor no jjing 

lete • 
pat heo ne sede in so);nesse • wo ]?at child bitete -STSo 
Louerd king quaj> ]ns o];er • to so];e • ich segge ]>e • Responsio 
pat neuere mon ney me ne com • ];at it biiete on me • ™^"'''^- 
Ac of one ]nnge ichot • wanne ich ofte v/as • 
In chambre mid mine felawes • ]>ev com to me bi cas • 
A sui|7e vair man mid alle • & bi elupte me wel softe • 
& semblant made vair ynou • & custe me wel ofte • 2741 



2728. pe/?'es] Petrus /3. «n] a R ; o ct/35. nonverie^ nonnerije a 

Nunrye y. 

2730. hayUj"\ baylys B. wendel wente & bisoiut /3. 
2731-2733. to \>e kinij . . . seme] omitted iu /3. 

2731. An] J>ei /3 ; he B5. /^ijiff] kinge a. 

2732. hii] me Ba ; meu 5. wuste] 'wiste Ba ; wist 5. /// ?/(] me ne 
Ba; men 5. dorste] dorst 5. noyt] it nojt B. 

2733. to \>e kiny were'] wei'e to jie kinge a^. to] to fore 5. yhro-^t] 
broujt j8. 

2734. pe hiv(i] He 5. womman] wommon B ; wimmau a. to] cm. 
Ba;85. S(i\>] J>e sotbe 5. ^- uor no \>ing] )jat heo no}>ing B ; for 
nojjing )>at heo (sche )3 ; she y) a^y ; jiat sche noght ne 5. lete] 
lette 5. 

273,5. heo] he B. nc sede] schulde say ^8. in] }>e 5. wo] ho B ; 

who a. \><it] Jje a/8. 

273G. Louerd] My lord B; Mi louerd a; My lorde /SyS. \>is o\>er] 

f>e moder a ; J>e modir /85. to so\^e] to J'e so]>e B ; iioube o ; nowe 

/3 ; now 5. segge] segge it B5 ; segge hit a ; scy hit /8. 

2737. mo7i] man a. ?ie] om. Ba/SS. 6/je/e] bijat a. 

2738. Ac] But /3 (& passim). o7ie ]>iiige] o t'ing B. icitot] ich 
wot Ba ; I wote 0. tvanne] wan B. ofte] often 7. 

2739. 7ni7ie] my B/3. 

2740. A] And B ; O a. s//(><'] rijt /3. w/u/ a/le] Avith alle B ; 
me I'OU^te a; me }>oujt 0. bi chipte] bi clepid /3. 7«e] om. B. 
zrf/] ful /}. .<;r;/V('] ofte 5. 

2741. made] made nie a^, wel] rijt ;3. ';/'''] softe 0, 

N 2 



196 THE CHRONICLE OF 

panne wende he vov]> as in ssade • inuste hou ne 

ware • 
po he adde ysywed me • longe in ]?isse fare • 
[130] Attelaste in fourme of man • ofte he lay by me • 

Ac oj'ermon neuere non • to soj'e ich segge ]?e • 2745 
Dictum po ];e king hurde ]>is • gret wonder him ])ozte ]?ere • 

clericorum -n .i-ii •± ± i ' 

de o-encm- ^6 esste at IS clerkes • were it to leue were • 
done Mer- pe clerkes sede ]?at it is • in phUosofie yfounde • 

pat ]?er be]? in ]?e eyr an hey • ver fram \q grounde • 
As a maner gostes • wi^tes as it be • 2750 

& me may 2 em ofte an er]?e • in wilde studes yse • 
& ofte in mannes forme • wommen hii come]> to • 
& ofte in wimmen fourme • hii come]? to men al so • 
pat men clupe]? ehiene • & parauenture in ]?is manere • 
On of hom in J?is womman • biiet ]7is chikl here • 
dictum po Merlin adde al ]7is yhurd • to ]7e king he wende 

Merliny. ^^^^^ . 2756 

Sire king wi lete te mi moder • & me biuore J^e lede • 

2742. 'panne wende /ie] And wende a ; And went /35. as in ssade^ as o 
schade a ; a schade jS ; as a schade S. inuste'] I ne wiste y3. ne] ny B. 

2743. Jjisse] Aa ; }?is B;8 ; tliylk 5. 

2744. in fourme of man] in manus fonne S. 

2745. to] for afiy ; ]>e S. ich segge] y segge it B. 

2746. him \>o-^te] he Jjou^te B ; he had S. 

2747. esste] asched B ; axede o ; asked jS. were] wer B ; welder o ; 
whet>er /8 ; whej'ere S. 

2748. is] was aj35. 

2749. eyr] heir a. an hey] on heije /3 ; aboue y. fram] fro B. 

2750. as] as J^ei a ; as l^ou^ j8. it] )>cj 8. 

2751. me] ova. P. yem] hem BS ; ham a ; cm. ;8. a7i] on B ; in 
afiS. er\>e] yerthe 7. in] hem in j3. yse] se /3. 

2752. mannes] monnes B. wommoi] -nymmen B ; wimmen a. 
comc\}] come y. 

2753. wimmen] wimmane a ; wommannes y3 ; wommanys y ; wommens 5. 
hii . . . men] to men J^ey come)5e S. comeY] come y. 

2754. ctupc\>] clepie}> a; calli)? )3. elnenc] elues /3. parauenture] 
perantre B. J^js] J>isse a. 

2755. in] on 5. ]>is ivomman] J>isse womman a. biyet] bi^at afi. 

2756. yhurd] harde j3 ; herde 5. loende nede] sede B5; wende & 
sede a ; went & sede /8. 

2757. Sire king] om. 5. lete] dudest B. ^e] >ou Ba/3S ; ye 7 
lede'] be leydo 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 197 

Min enchantors qua]? j^e king • me abbe]? ]?er to yrad • 

pat a child |>at uadde neuere fader • biuore me were ylad- 

& l^at ]>e wore mid is blode • J'at we abbe]? an honde • 

Bi sprengde ]>at iial]? al adoun • & Jeanne it ssolde stonde • 

Let ]>me chantors qua]? merlin • biuore me sone brings • fol. 46 b. 

& ichoUe prouy biuore ]>e • ]?at hii telle]> al lesinge • 

pes enchantors were ybro^t • sone biuore }>e kinge • 

Wat segge le qua]? merlin • of ]?is nywe }?inge • 2765 

Radde te ]?at me by sprengd • J^at morter mid my blod • 

Here me ssal sone yse • ]?at le ne conne no god • 

Segge]? me ^if le conne • wat is binu]?e }?e gronde • [i3i] 

pat make]? ]?at ]>e fondement • ne stent none stounde • 

pe o]?er ne cou]?e ansuerie nott • as it is iwrite • 2770 fossacio. 

Louerd king qua]? merlyn • tif J?ou wolt ]?at so]?e ywite • 

2758. Min'] My B. enchantors'] enchanteoi's a. 'me abbe\>] hah 
me j8. yrad] radde fi. 

2759. a] o a. nadde neuere] nadde no B ; nadde uanne a ; hadde no 
^y ; had no 5. biuore^] to fore ayS. biuore . . . ylad] t>at were to 
fore me ladde 5. 

2760. \>at] cm. /3. \>e] om. a5. wore] werk Ba. blode] blod Ba. 
abbe\>] haue)? /3. an] on Bay3. 

2761. Bi sprengde] Be sprenged B; Ale sprengde u; Men schulde 
sprencle 3 ; ^len sprenged 5. ual\>] fallej^ Ba/3S. al] om. Ba^5. 
adoun] don ^ ; doiine y. 6f \>anne it ssolde] hit schold after 5. 

2762. Let] LatB; Leteb a/3. \>ine] J>e a/85. cA«n<o/-s] enchantors B ; 
enchanteours a ; enchauntours ;35. biuore me sone] sone bi fore 
me Ba5 ; soone by fore me /3. 

2763. icholle] ich wol B ; ich -wole a ; I wole /3 ; I 7 ; I wil 5. prouy] 
preue B ; proue )3. telle\>] alle te\Yi]> $ ; telle alle y ; seye 5. al] a y3. 

2764. pes] pis Ba. so7ie] \>ev a0 ; anone S. 

2765. omitted in /3. Wat] Wad B. )e] ^e now 5. of \>is] of 
J?isse a ; by hys S. 

2766. me by sprengd] me by sprengede B ; me sprengde a5 j men sprengen 
p. \>at morter] J^ys work 5, 

2767. me ssal] shalmen7. ^e] om. B. ne] om. /3S. no] ful litel 5. 

2768. Se(j(/ei>] Sei> j8 ; Seytbe 7. yif] '^ef^atB. 

2769. mahe]^] makye}> a. \>at] om. aP. \>e] |>o B. ne stent none] 
no stond none B ; ne stondeJ> none a ; fiat hit stonde> no /8 ; maye 
stonde no 5. 

2770. pe o\>er ne] pei neB/3 ; Hi ne a; They 5. ansuerie noyt] ouswere 
nojt B ; nout onsweri^e a ; nou^t answere fiy ; answcre him noght 5. 

2771. wolt \>(it so]>e] wilt \>q soj^e B; wilt J>e soj? fi; the sothc wol 7. 
\>nt] he ?. yiuite] wyte B^. 



108 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Let delue viider ^e foundement • & me ssal binepe finde • 
A water pol }?at aj? ymad • ]'at ])e wore is j^us bihinde • 
Me dalf binej^e k, foimde • ]?at water • as merlin adde 

ysed- 
Wat segge ze maistres qua]:* merlin • ]?at ^eue j;an 

colde red • 2775 

To binime my blod & mi lit" • Avat is binej'e j^ere • 
pe maistres sete stille ynou • ri^t as hii doumbe were • 
Uracones. Do]> out ]ns water qua}; merlin • & wannc it is 

aweye • 
Xe ssollej; tute bine]?e linde • liolwe stones tweye • 
& in ei]7er a dragon • ]>er inne slepe vaste - 2780 

Me let sone out of ]7is pol • ]>a,t water al clene caste • 
Hii founde al as lie adde ysed • men wondrede ynou • 
& 'pozte J?at is manliede • to godhede drou • 
As ]?is king vortiger • & ];is men toke gome • 
Tueye grete dragons • out of }>is stones come • 



2772. Lcfj Lat B. 6' • • • fi'ide'] seue fet & )>ou sclialt finde «; seuene 
fote & J?ou schalt fyncle )3 ; seuen fete & J^ou schalt fynde 5. me 
ssal} \>o\\ schalt B. 

2773. A] o. >e] Hs Ba,8 ; \>y 5. \>iis'] om. B ; hys 5. 

2774. i1/e] And men 5. fmmdc'] fond B. ]<at'\ }'e B ; om. a/3. 
ysed'] sede S. 

2775. maistres] om. afi. ^c«e] ^euehe 5. \>un coIdc] )iat cole B; 
J^e cole a ; ))s lewed ^3 ; the lewde y ; J?e kynge to 5. 

2776. my'] om. B. \>erc] now J>ere B5. 

2777. si'tc] satte ;8. rhyl] om. a^. 

2778. Do\>] Do 5. ^is] >at a/3. 

2779. ssolle\> yitc hine]>e] schul Li nej^e ^et B ; scholle binej^e a ; schuldo 
bynej'c /8 ; schal byaethe y. ssoUe)>] schul 8. finde] yfyude B. 

2780. ei\>cr] ej^ere of hem 5. a] o a^. slepc] slepi> )3 ; slepyuge 5. 

2781. Me] Men ^. \>is] he 5. ]Hit] he ByS ; al \>q 5. al] om. B ; 
owte S. 

2782. Hii] And B. al] om. B. Hii . . . ysed] & al so he seide hi 
founde o ; And as he seyde J^ei founde fi ; And alle as he sede )>ey 
founde S. wcmdrede] v.oudred B/3 ; wondred fast y. 

2783. godhede] godhed B ; wisdome ho a ; wisdome }'an y3. 

2784. ^•'"(/] om. B. i^' t"^] ^ ^^^ a; -n' hys S. j/ith] folk B; folc a ; 
folke )3. <o/<e] token B. 

2785. Tueye] Twei B ; Two /3S. 



IIOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 199 

J)e on was red J-'C oj^cr wyt • hii gonne to iitte vaste • pugna. 

Strong batale k, ]?at fur • out of |?e nioii|> caste • 

So |?at |?e wite was aboue • as al ];at folc ysey • 

& Drof l^en rede al abac • out of ];e putte ney • 

pe rede as vor sorinesse • bi turnde him atteuende • 

& asaylede ]>en wite • & made him abac wende • 2701 

As ]7e di'agons fo^te ]nis • ]>& king het merlin ];erc • 

Vor to segge tif he cou]7e • wat ]?e signe were • inoiiheiia. 

Merlin bigan to wepe ];o • & bigan is prophecie • [132] 

A wey he sede ]>o rede dragon • uor is ende bigin}^ to Signacio. 

hye • 2705 

& ]>e wite dragon ssal • in to is holes wende • 
pat bitokne]? J?e saxons • j^at |;ou lete after sende • 
pe rede bitokne]> ]>e brutons • & toure kunde l^at is • 
pat ]>e saxons ssolde tut ouercome • & bi nime hor 

lond ywis • 
Grete wateres wor];en ^ut • red of mannes blode • 2800 fol. 47. 
Cristendom wor}> icast adoun • & chirchen j^at er 

Stode • prophetia. 



2786. pc] pat BaySS. red . . . ivyt] -wbyt . . . red a ; white . . . rede/Sy ; 
whj-te . . . rede 5. Jje ot»er] J>at oher a^. hii'] \>q B. <o] ora. a0. 

2787. batale] Lataile made a ; bataile \>ei made /35. \>at] he B ; om. 
a$5. fi"'] fiiyr Ba5 ; fyve 13. he mou\>] here mouses a/3 ; her 
mouses S. 

2788. ahoue] al aboue a,Q ; al boue 7. al] om. Ba/35. \>ut] \>q B. 

2789. \>cn] >e B5 ; hane a ; hat y8. al] om. a;85. putte] put B ; puitea. 

2790. sorinesse] sohenes 5. atteuende] at han ende a ; at he ende j8. 

2791. )?en] he B ; hane a; hau he ^37. 

2792. ^s he] As his B ; Ase his a ; As thise 7 ; Tims 5. foytc] foujten 5. 
het] hette B ; bad ^y. 

2793. Vor to] Forte B; To a/35. \>e signe] he tokouyng B; tokuinge 
hit a ; tokennyngc hit /3 ; tokenjnge hat 5. 

2794. bigan] gan B. to iccpe ho] han to wepe fi. 
279.5. ende] time a/3. bigin]y] gjnneh B ; bigynneh H- 

2798. he brutons] brutons a/35. -goitre] oure a/8S. 

2799. he] om. 5. ssolde] schuUeh B ; scholle a ; schal fi ; schul S. 
•^ut] om. 5. hi nime hor lond] here londe wynne B ; here lond 
binime a ; here londe bjiiyme fi. 

2800. wor\>en'] worheh Ba; schal wexe fi. xut] om. fi. of] al of ^. 

2801. icast] caste a; cast ;3. chirchen] chircliene a; chirches /3. 



200 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ac tute ssolle]? ]>e brutons • som tyme Sbien stonde • 
Vor ]7e bor of cornewaile • ssal helpe ]ns loncle • 
& ]>e saxons newen • vnder is fet to trede • 2804 

Mani yles winne he ssal • lond & oj^er stude • 
Louerd he wor]? of franco • rome ssal is sturnede • 
Douty & quaky J^eruore • ac is lif wor]? in drede • 
pat folc ssal euere speke of him • and is noble dede • 
Wor]? to horn a suete mete • ]7at it conne arede • 
Sixe J'at come]? after him • ssolle]? holde ]>e seignorie • 
Ac after hom J^er ssal arise • a worm of germanye • 
& ]7e se wolf him ssal bringe vp • & Jeanne ]>e religion • 
&L holi chirche wor]? ef sone • ybro^t al adoun • 
Change worj? of bissopriches • & ]?e digne sege iwis • 
WorJ? ybrott to kaunterbury • J^at at londone nou is • 
[133] Al ]7is biuel afterward • as te ssoUe]? ihure • 
prophetTe! P® cornwelisse bor • of wan he spek • J?at was ]7e king 
ar]?ure • 2816 

2802. ssollei)'] schul By8 ; scholle a. som^ at some a ; at somme |8. 

2803. b'«] Hs^se a. 

2804. newe}!.'] hedes B ; nekken a ; nekkes /8 ; nekkj-s 5. is] om. B. 
to] om. B5. 

2806. worb] schal be /3. 7'ome] & rome B ; and Eome 5. fiturnede] 
stm'iide A ; sturnhede BaS ; sternehede /8 ; stm-nehede S. 

2807. Douti/ t^ qnakij'\ Doute & quake B/3. Iif~\ endyng B ; eudinge a ; 
endynge /35. 'wor\>'\ schal be/8. 

2808. and'\ and of o;8. 

2809. Wor\>'\ Hit worJ> a; Hit worthe 5 ; Hit schal be /3. honi] hym B; 
ham a ; hem /SS. r/,] om. S. arede] rede a/35, 

2810. Sixe] Sithe /3. ssoUe\> Iiolde] scholle habbe a ; schul haue 5. 

2811. Ac] And 5. ]>er] om. B5. (t worm] a worre afi; werre in 
Jje lond 5. 

2812. 8f \>c] be ay85. be religion'] religion BaySS. 

2812*. wor\> ef sone] eftsone worb B; eft sones schal be fi ; sone efte 
worthe 5. ybro'^t o/] al ibrou^t a^ ; alle ybroght 5. 

2813. ivor\>] ber worb «; ber schal be fi. §•] & of y8. sege] se a; 
see ^. 

2814. Wor\> yhro-^yt] Schal be brouU ;3. \>at at londone~] at London 
bat S. 

2815. .9Ao//eb] schul B/85 ; schuUe a ; shal y. ihure] here aftir hurc j8 ; 
here 5. 

2816. \>c cornwelisse bor] f^o cornewailes bor B; Fore be Cornyssche 
here S. ivan he spek] warn he spak B ; wham he spac a ; whom we 
spaVp ft. \>nt] om. a/3S. b<?l om. BS, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 201 

pat SO nobliche hiild vp |?is lond • & is fon ouercom • 
& I'oru is nobleye wan • mani a kinedom • 
Of ])e prophecye of merlin • we ne mowe telle namore • 
Vor it is so derc to simplemen • bote me were ];e bet 
in lore • 2820 

Gret wonder adde al bat folc • of wisdom bat he sede • prediccio 

tic 1110 rt 6 

Of )?ing ]7at to comene was • & of is ^ongliede • regis, 

pe king bed ]fO merlin • ]?at he him tolde an dede • 

In wat de\> he ssolde deye • & merlin him J^is sede • 

Constantines sones fur ■ fle ^if |?ou mi^t • 2825 

Vor hii tarke]) hor ssipes • toward jns lond ri^t • 

Hii bileue]? ])e lond of armore • ]?at ]7e lasse brutajoie is • 

Hor seiles hii spredej? in j^e se • &> hider hii come]? 

iwis • 
pe saxons hii wille):' asayly • & to gTOunde bringe • 
Ac hii woUe]? ]>e in ]?in owe tour ♦ sle atte biginn- 

inge . 2830 

poru \>i trayson luj^ermen • hor fader slowe • 
& ]?oru ]}i trayson saxons • in to p'is lond ]70u drowe • 

2817. nobliche^ vrel B$S. huld] held o ; helde ;88 ; help y. )>«s lond] 
engelond a ; englonde 0- fon] foos 5. 

2818. ij-] pat B. is'] om. 5. «] o a ; a grete 5. 

2819. l>e] om. B)3y. we ne mowe] ne mai ich a; ne may I jS ; ne 
maye I 5. tiamore] no more Ba;8 ; more 5. 

2820. Vor] om. a/8S. is] om. B. me] men;8. ivere] beo a; be /3. 
bet] better ;8. 

2821. al] om. B. \>at] om. 5. of] of }>e Baj85, sede] gan rede 5. 

2822. comene] come B;85. is] this y. 

2823. bed] bad a. \>o] that y. him tolde] him schiilde telle 5 ; shulde 
him y. ati] o ayS. 

2824. In] On a/88. him i>is] J>is hym B ; him J^us ;8 ; thus him y ; to him 5. 

2825. fur] fuir aS ; fyre /3. fle] fle nou a ; fle hou ;8. 

2826. icirlie^] arayeth S. ]>is] J>i B. 

2827. bileuey] bileuet a ; bileued y. \>e] hat Ba^. lond] london y. 
\>e] ]>o B. 

2828. hii] om. a$S. hii] om. B. comelp] come fi. 

2829. wille]^] wolleJ> a ; wollehe 5. asaylij] asaile B ; assaile ^. to] 
to ]>e 5. 

2830. ^c] & ai3. A«' it'o//eJ> J^e] heo woUe l^e B ; wolleJ> a ; wolle )3. 
s/c] sle I'oe /3. 

2831. \>i] \>m a. hor] lieor B. /rtrfcr] fadres foullych 5. sloicc] 
}>ou slowe B ; vilelichc slowe a ; villiliche slouj 0. 



202 THE CHRONICLE Oi' 

poll becle hom nor to helpe ];e • ac to pin wo • hii 

bep icome • 
Tweye sorwes be]? ]'e vpon • & pe ne woip no]'er bi 

nome • 
[134] Vor pe saxons destniyes • ]n lond in ]'c on ende • 

])e tneye breperen in ]je on half • vpe ]'i lond wolc 

wende • 2836 

fol.47b. To awreke on pe hor fader dep • pe no tit no peys • 

Vor hii wollep tomorwc ariiie • at tc haiione of tote- 

neys • 
& wanne hengist is aslawe • aureli wov]) king • 
Pays he wole bringe aien • & chirchen poru alio }'ing • 
Apoysoned he worp atte laste • & after him worp ido • 
His bro|?er in pe kinedom • jmt apoisond wor|) al so • 
So gret trayson wor]? among hom • ])at after ]?e ssolle 

come • 
Ac ]?e cornwaillisse bor • hom ssal chasti some • 



2843 



2833. bedc'] prayed j3. uor] om. ajSy. «c] B5 ; at A ; & o/3. 
)>(w] \>i a. he)i> icome] ben come 5. 

2834. Tweye sorwes iej) }'e] Sorewes Jjc -worhe tweije a ; Sorowes schal 
be two \>ev /8 ; Sorowes \>e worthe tweyn 8. 6e)> )5e] j>e be)? B. 
Sf i>e . . . . jwlper'] Tio\>ev ne wor}' he a ; noujier ue schal j?e /3 ; & l^e 
worthe noher 5, no\>er'\ now^er B. bi iioiiie'] benome 5. 

2835. J'e] om. a/3. destruyes'] destruj-ej> B ; destniy^ej> a ; destrueh ^ ; 
distruyth 5. >t] V\s afi. in >e] in to l^o B ; in >at a^B. 

2836. \>e o?»] }>e o>er B ; l^at ol^er aj8 ; )'C oherc S. wolc'] wol B ; wolle}> a. 

2837. awreke] awerke a ; awreken 5. on J>c] ham of a ; hem of ;3 ; 
om. 5. hor] heor B. fader] faderis ^ ; faders y. \>e] & J'e a ; 
& J>ee p. ne tit] ue tyd B ; ne tidej" a^ ; tytte haue 5. 

2838. hiiwolle)) tomorwe] to more we hi wolleh a; to morowe hel wollen fi; 
to morowu J'ey wil 5. at te] at he afi. kauenc] haue B ; hafne a. 

2839. is aslawe] worth yslawe 5. wor\>] schal be /35. 

2840. he wole] hi wolleh a. chirchc7i.] churches y. 

2841. wor\>] schal be ;3. laste] ende B. icor\y Ido] au liasle B ; schal 
be do /8. 

2842. in \>e] schal haue ^e B ; on his a ; in his /35. wor\>] schal be 13. 
al so] atte laste B. 

2843. So] om. a^S. wor[>] schal be /8. ssolle] wil 5. 

2844. cornicallllsse] corncM ailcs B ; Cornysche S. chasti] chaste B ; 
chastise fi. 



sunn. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 203 

A vreli & vter • }7e tiieye brejiern corteys • --S-i^ 

Wi|7 gret poer amorwe • ariued at totteneys • adneutns 

po J^c tidinge s})roiig • j^at liii come attelaste • ^"f^'' ^ 

pe brutons ] at were helples • aboute horn drowe xsinie • adncntus 
pat were to sprad her & ]?er • hii were ])0 glad inou '^'"t'^'ien- 
pat folc also of holi chirchc • aboute lioni vaste drou 
pere hii made aureli king • & omagc him dude echon • am-elius fit 
& bede pat hii moste • vpc |;e saxons wende anon • 2852 ^^^' 
Ac ]^e king aurely • J>er atcn gan speke • 
Vor he ]>ozte on vortiger • is fader verst awreke • 
Vor is herte was so gret • uor is fader dej^e ];erc • [i.3o] 

pat he ne miite glad be • ar he awreke were • 
Vortiger was iflowe • vor drede of him ywis • 
To an castel in irchenyeld • in j^e est ende of walls • v.^ait ail 
Aboue ]7e water of' weye • vpan hul an hey • Aoitiger- 

pe king aureli ]?uder com • & |nin castel isey • 28G0 
To eldol erl of gloucestre • he spec in ];is manere • Rex con- 

Sire noble erl nim god teme • of I'is castel here • ^"^^*. 

^ / > comitem 

gloucestrie. 

2846. Wi\>'\ Mid a. amorwe ariued] aryuedo on he morow S. ariued] 
ariuede Ba. 

2847. po \>e tidinge] Whennc ti)nnges /8. come] comen B. 

2848. helj)les] BajSy ; lielpcs A. aboute horn drowe] come aboute 
hem B. drowe] drowen 8. 

2849. to sprad] y spradde S. 

2850. pat folc also] & Jmt folc a ; And )>e folke /3 ; And Kit folke S. 
holi] holi^e a. aboute Item vaste] fast abowte hem 6. 

2852. ^] Tho 5. bede] prayed /3 ; bede Wy 5. moste] my)t /3. 
J>e] cm. a. 

2853. Ac] & a/3. 

2854. 07i] in a0. vortiger] Fortiger /8. awreke] to awreke S. 

2855. herte] hurte a (& passim). fader] fadres /3 ; faders y. 

2856. ar] or y. 

2857. ivas] ys B. dredc] fere 5. 

2858. a?«] one afi. irehenveld] irchinefeld a ; yrchynfeldc 0. 

2859. weye] wythe y. vpa?i] op on a ; vpon an /85. an he;/] on 
hey 8. 

2860. pe] po a ; Tho 5. i'uii] ^at B5 ; om. a ; J^c 0. isey] seye 5. 

2861. eldol erl] eldolf erl B ; Eldolf >e Erie y3 ; Edolf he Erie y. spec 
i7i] spac on a ; spake in ; spake on y. 

2862. 7ioble] om. S. 7nm] take 5. 7iim god yi7ie] nim non terae a ; 
mvn owen erne 0. 



204 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Were he mowe pe lu];er vortiger • witie fram ]>e de]7e • 

pat ich in is Ineward • mid suerd make a sse)?e • 

pat is aire manne worst • )?at ich euere ne sey mid 

eye • 2865 

pe del? ne miite be to luj^er • ]?at he ssolde Inne deye • 
Vor mi fader constantin • verst he bitraide amis • 
pat sauede him & al J>at lond • fram ];e picars ywys • 
Su]?j7e mi bro]?er Constance • he brotte to kinge • 
Vor he him wolde bitraye & to dej'e bringe • 2870 
[136] & su]7]?e ]7oru is tricherie • ]?o he adde ]fis lond an 

honde • 
He mengde )7e hiper paiens • among low in J?is londe • 
Vor to holde me & mi bro]?er • out of oure eritage • 
Ac al vpe is owe heued • ybrott is is outrage • 
fol. 48. Vor ]?o ]fG lu]?er saxons • vnder tete is lu]?er dede • 

Hii binome him is kinedom • & ]?at is a ri^tuol dede • 



2863. Were he] Whejjerhe a ; Whejjer hit j85. Jjc] om. afiyd. lu);)er] 
om. a/3. vortiger] fortiger B. witiel vfitiye a ; kepe j35. fram'] 
fro B. 

2864. in] of ai8S. mid suerd] my swerd B ; to mi swerd a ; to my 
swerde /35. make a] A7 ; ne make a B5 ; ne maki^e a ; make /8. 

2865. is aire manne] ys aller mon B ; ich al j^e manne A ; is of alle 
manne o ; is of alle men j8 ; ys man aire S. ich euere ne set/] me euer 
sey B ; me euere isey a ; euer man yseij (see 7) fiy ; euere man 
sawe 5. 

2866. be to lu\>er] to Iut>er beo (be $y) aPy. he] om. S. Lme deye] 
on dye 5. 

2867. Vor] For Ba$ ; Fore S ; poru A. 

2868. ];>at] the 7. picars] picards a; Picardis /3. 

2869. Sui>i}e] And seth 5. bro-^fe] bro^te hym B. 

2870. him wolde] wolde hym B5 ; wolde him a/3. ^'] and eke 5. 

2871. sMj^>e] Jjeu S. an] on a0. 

2872. mengde] mengedeB; mengyd /3 ; menge a. in] on o;8; in al 8. 

2873. Vor] om. a^S. mi] myn B. out of oure] own 5. 

2874. al vpe is owe heued] oure lord ha)> vp ys heued B ; oure lorde haj'e 
vpon his own hede 5. vpe] op on a ; apon j3 ; vppon 7. i/broyt] schal 
falle afi. is is] is A ; ys owne B ; his owe a ; his owen & ; his 5. 

2875. J>o] om. Ba/S. v)ider }eie] vnder ^ede /8 ; vnderyede 7 ; 
vnderstood 5. 

2876. is a] was a B ; was afiS, riytuol] nyiol A ; ry^tful B;8 ; ri^tfol a ; 
ryghtful 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 205 

Ac of one l^inge ichabbe cleol • )?at J>is payns |>at hipev 
be]? . 2877 

pat he broite verst to londe • as le alle jsep • 
pe noblemen of ]>is lond • ]?us to ssame broite • 
& ]>h lond ]jat was so riche • wastede al to nozte • 
& holi chirche & cristendom • abbe]? ibroit to gTonde • 
Fram ]?en on se to ]?en o]?er • alas ]?ulke stounde -2882 
Nou]?e kundemen of ]ns lond • cu]?e}? toure manhede • 
& awreke]> ^ou of ]?is lu]?ermen • of wan com J?is 

wrechede • 
& si\]>])e turne we oure bond • vpe ur dper fon • 
& deliueri we ]?is lond • of ]?e lu|?ermen echon • 
pis folc mid gode lierte • ^en castel asaylede • Insultacio 

Ac vor ]>e castel was so strong • hor wille ]?o failede • ^^^^''■'^■ 
Wi]? quointise liii caste fur • & barnde ]?e castel wi]?- 

inne • 2889 ^^^'^ . 

& ]>e king vortiger was • ybarnd to doust wij^inne • castri & 

Tortigerni. 

2877. of one .... deol] o J>mge I haue doil of /3. owe] o B. J>«] 
om. aj35. payns'] payens a ; paynjins /8 ; painems 5. be\>'\ beu j8. 

2878. londe'] )>\s, londe /3. alle] alle 'wel /8. yse)>] yseen /8. 

2879. of] bat of a. Vus] h>at t-us /3. broyte] J^ci broii^t /3 ; J^ey 
brou^t 5. 

2880. so] om. B. 

2881. if] And al B. holi] holi^e a. abbe]>] habbet a; ha)j /3 ; 
Jjey haue S. ?'6ro)/] broght 5. 

2882. \>en on] >at o B ; j^e one a;8. J5e?^] >at B ; J^an a ; J>e /9. \>ulke] 
for hulke a ; for j^ilke /3 ; fore J^ylk S. 

2883. iVo?<>e] Now ye B ; Nou je a ; Nowe >e yS. cu]>e];>] kythe /3 ; 
kepeth S. ^owre] eure a. manhede] monhede B. 

2884. awreke\>] awreke /8S. ]>is] J)isse a. lu\>ermen] hij^ere man 5. 
of ivan] Jportt •warn B; of wham a ; of whom /8 ; ofwhoomy; l^roui 
whom S. \>is] al }?is 5. wrechede] wrechedhede B ; wrechidhede y. 

2885. vpe] op a ; vpon jS ; vppon y. ur] oure By ; eure a. 

2886. deliueri we] delyuere B ; delyuere we 0. qf\>e] of J>ese S. 

2887. ]>en castel] Ins castel B ; j^e castel \>o aS ; J^e castel )?au 13. 

2888. ivas so] wes B. |jo] J>o hem B ; >o ham a ; J^an hem /8 ; ]jo hem S. 

2889. TF/})] Mid a. liii caste] heo casten B, f"^] fuir o. 
barnde] brent j8. J?e] J^at B. 

2890. Sf] om. S. J>e Ae?«^ vortiger] wortiger j^e king a ; Fortiger J^e 
kynge |3. ybarnd to doust] to doust y barnd B ; to douste ibarnd a ; 
to doust brent /3 ; al to dust ybarne 5. ivi]iinne] J^erinne Bafi ; \>o 
Jjerynne 5. 



20G THE CHRONICLE OF 

& ]>o mitte ho finde so]? • ]jat merlin him er secle • 
pat ho constantines sones fur • s.solde fie & drede • 
po was hengist sore adrad • of ]'e king aureli j^ere • 
& nameliche vor J^e noble los • j^at he hurde of him ere • 
pvobitas Vor ]?or nas in non ende of franco • ne in no lond J^er 
^'"'■*^'^- aboiite . 2895 

pat in ionstes & in tornemens • echmon him nolde 

doute • 
Vor ])er nas so god knitt non • nour about© franco • 
pat in ioustes ssolde sitte • ]?e dunt of is lance • 
pat he ssolde adoun o]>er is hors • o}?er bo]>e anon • 
0)7er ];e lance ssolde broke • in peces monion • 2900 
prouideucia peruore heno'ist was adrad • to mete wib is lance • 

heninst. . ' . 

'^ Ouer homber he fley anon • to wite him fram mes- 

chance • 
& castles & cites • astorede uaste ]^ere • 
& In scotlond al so • vor jnilke londes were • 
A hi]>eY recet euero • a^on engelonde • 2905 

Vor och l^at wolde hider harm • J>ere mi_^te at stonde • 

2891. 7niyte he'] he myte a ; he my^t ;8. 

2892. //e] om. a^5. ssolde'] he scholde a; he schulde ;8S. 

2893. Vo] Thanne y. \>e] om. B5. 

2894. nameliche] nomehehe B. los] lose /3. 
289.'). Vor] And 7. nas] ne was ^. 

2896. in tornemens] toruemens B ; in turnemeut S. echmon him nolde] 
echo mon gau hym B ; him nolde ech man a ; him ne wolde Iche 
man )3 ; him wolde iche man 7 ; )>at nolde of him hane S. 

2897. nas] was )35. hnl-yt'] a kuyght 0. mnir] uower B ; nowara; 
nowhare fi ; nowher S. 

2898. ssolde] mv^t /8. sitte] at sitte Ba ; at sytte 5; asitte ;8. \>e] 
hene a. 

2899. ssolde] ne schulde B;3 ; ne scholdo a5. 

2900. in jyeces] to peces a^. 

2901. \^eruore] per /3 ; And J'erfore 5. adrad'] sore adradde S. ici\>] 
mid a. 

2902. wv'/e] witi^e a ; kepe /35. vieschance] mescheaxmce a. 

2903. astorede] he astored fi ; he stored 7. 

2904. al so] eke also a ; )>er also j8. 

290.5. euere] euere mo a ; euer more y8. w^e?«] towarde ayS. enyelonde] 

al Englonde 5. 
290C. miyte] hi myte u ; he myiit /3 ; Jjey myght 5. at stonde] 

astonde S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 207 

po aureli wuste • ]?at hii were yfiowe to hurne • am-elius 

He was glad ];at hii were aferd • & ))0^te be liom P^^'-^^q"'*'*''- 

sturne • 
He ^arkede is ost & sywede • after horn iiaste nor|> • [iss] 
& ]>o he sey |?e contreys • as he passede vor]) • 2910 
k destnied & bar in eche half • gret deol hii made 

]^ere • 
& nameliche nor chirchen • |;at icast adoiin were • 
He bihet god almitti • zif he sonde him |>e oner fol. 48 b. 

hond • 
To rere vp aten pe chirchen • abonte in to al ])at 

loncl • 
po hengist wuste J'at he com • toward scotlonde • 
He larkede is ost naste • aten him nor to stonde • 

Idol erl of gloucestre • as he wende in J^is verhede • Dictum 



E 



Toward bataile to ];o king • |^es Vv^ordes he sede • 



Sii'e king nor al ]7e dawes • ]mt ichabbe aner]?e y go • 
O day me wolde ]>inche ynon • to libbe wi|? onte mo • 

2907. wustel wiste B ; hit wiste a ; hit -wist j3. yflowc'] floweu /3S. 
to hurne] to )>& hqrne 5. 

2908. he] to be i3 ; to be to S. 

2909. Hi' .... nor\>] He w' hys oste hem Fewed after as \>ey floM en 
ei'.ere uoithe 5. is] om. a. nor]>] Ba ; norl^e ^S ; vorj' A. 

2910. contrcys] eoiitreiies a. vorY] cuere forthe 5. 

2911. iS' destrucd] Destruycle Ba/8. bar] bare B; barnde a ; brent ;8 ; 
eke brannyde o. yrel] t>at grete 5. hii] he Ba/35. 

2912. chirchen] chlrchene a; chirehes B; churches y; t>e churches 5. 
]uii] oni. a.. icast] cast /8S. adoiai] to gronde B ; doun to 
grounde 5. 

2913. bihet] behyit 13; bihighte 7. semic him] him sende ayS. 

2911. rere] arere S. I'p] om. afio. \>e cliirclien] \>q chirehes B ; 

)>o chirehes ^ ; tho chm-ches 7 ; ^e churches 5. in to al] in al a ; 

al In /8 ; in alle S. 

2915. he] heo B. 

2916. ^arkede] arayed 5. r/^ew] a^enst a^ ; ayenst 7. him] 
hem B. 

2917. JEWo/] Eldolf I'e /3. )>is] his c;S5. verhede] ferhede Ba ; 
forehede ^ ; forhede 7 ; verehede 5. 

2918. bataile] \>e hatail B/3. I»] mid a ; with /8. 

2919. rfrtM'cs] dayes B7. aner]>e] on crj^e B ; in er^e o^. ]/ <J(>] 
y be 5. 

2920. libbe] ha])be a; hane y8 ; lybe 5, ie/\' oulc wo] }'at I myght se 5, 



208 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat icli ]^e h\]>ev hengist • in bataile mitte mete • 2921 

Vor on of vs ssolde deye • ar 'pe bataile lete • 

So moche sor ichabbe in min herte • wenne ich ]?er on 

jjenche • 
po we come to makie pais • of is hiper wrenche • 
[139] pat of vre eiies & ure barons • ]?at noblemen were • 

Four hondred & four score • mid treson he slou 

|7ere • 2926 

Of liom )>at were onywar • & wij^ oute arme al so • 
Nou god leue ]?at ]?e wreche per of • bituene vs mote 

go. 
pe king aurely is felawes • confortede to fitte • 
bellum. & al is hope in godes sone • dude & al is mi^te '2930 
As ]?e ost in eyj^er side • toward ]?e bataile drou • 
Hii come & mette horn baldeliche • mid god ernest 

ynou • 
Hii smite harde &; made • moni an strange wounde • 
Hii ssedde blod & slowe • in eij^er side to grounde • 

2921. mete'] ymete o. 

2922. o?i] o)>er a ; )>e one j8. dei/e'] B5 ; eje A ; deije a ; deyj fi. 
ar )>e] er we )jat B ; er we )je a ; or we J^e /35. 

2923. sor'] sorwe a;8 ; sorowe 8. in min herte] om. aj8. iveyine] 
wan B ; whanne a ; whan J^at 5. 

2924. po we] pon B ; Whenne he 13. makie] make B/8. lu\>er] 
luj>ere a. 

2925. of] om. /8. vre erles] Erles S. ure] om. Ba/SS. baro?is] 
barnes B. i>at] \>at so Ba/35. 

2927. onywar] al on war B ; al on onywar a ; alle vnwar /8 ; alia 
ATiware 7 ; al vnware 5. arme] armour were B ; armes 0/8 ; armyre 
were S. 

2928. Nou] om. a/3. leue] wolde /3. \>er of] om. aj8. mote go] 
mow be do B ; mo we go a; my^t go /8 ; maye be do S. 

2929. pe] om. ayS. is] alle his ;8 ; al his 5. felaives] folke (8. 
confortede] comforted B ; he comfortid /3. to] wel to Ba/35. 

2930. rf«f/e] he dide /3. 

2931. ^s] And )8. ei'>e?-] euery 7. toward ]>e] A7 ; to ]?is B ; 
toward I'is o ; tOAvarde J^is j8 ; )jus to 5. 

2932. mette horn] metten B. yod] om. o;3. 

2933. smite] smyten B ; smote 7. moni an strange] mony a strong B ; 
maul J e o stronge o ; many a stronge /3 ; manye a stronge S. wounde] 
vounde a. 

2934. ssedde] schadde j85 ; shaddo 7. in] on ajS5. c/Jjc?'] euery 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 209 

Auroli confortedc • ^o cristinemcn aboute • 

& hengist in is half • )>e he]?enemen is route • 

Ac ]>e cristine poru gocles grace • adde J^e betere ende • 

So l^at toward cornebury • ]?e hej>ene gonne wende • fugapaga- 

& ]?e cristine afterward • & to grounde brotte ynowe • 

Vor al ]?at hii miite of take • hii nome o]?er slowc • 2940 

po hengist ysey ]?e cristinemen • sy wi him so vaste • iteracio 

& ))at he moste nede turne aten • oJ?er deye attelaste • '" 

He bigan ordeiny is folc • & to bataile aten drou • 

In eipev side as me dude er • to grounde me slou • 

pe cri of ]>e folc ]?at me slou • |;e o}»er bro^te in drede • 

Attelaste ]?e hej^enemen • bigonne iam to sprede • 294G 

pe cristine were ]>e baldore • ]>e king harde sette • [140] 

Vor to conforti is men • & slou al ]'at he mette • 

Eldol erl of gloucestre • al so in is syde • Eidoi & 

Barnde & kepte her & ];er • & slou aboute wyde • 2950 *'''"^''^- 

& moche his entente was • hengist uor to mete • foi, 49. 

Hii mette hom atte laste • ar ]>e bataile lete • 



2935. covfortede] comfortede B ; comforted wel ,i3 ; enforcyd 8. abouie'] 
al aboute j8. 

2936. m] on 5; eke on a; also on j8. he\>enemen ?s] he|>ene meuuesB; 
hej>eue manne a ; he}>en mennys /3 ; hej?ene manys 5. 

2937. Ac'] om. a;8S. betere'] lytter 7. 

2938. cornebury] corneborwB; coneboruaS ; coneborow /S ; coneborowey. 
he\>ene] he)?ene men 5. 

2939. afterward] aftur B ; aftir hem R. 

2940. Vor] om. a^5. of take] atake a; ouertake /8. nomc] 
uomen a ; toke 78. 

2941. ysey \>e] sa we that 7 ; sawe \>c j85. sywi him] hym siwe B ; sewe him /8. 

2942. omitted in 7. c^] om. aj85. 7tede] nude a ; nedys S. deye] 
be slayn /8. 

2943. biyan^ gan 5. ordeiny] toordeyne Bj3 ; to ordcini a. Sf] om. 7. 

2944. In] And in Ba/3S. me] heo B. er] her a. to] euer to S. 
me] faste a ; fast /3. 

2945. pe] pat J>e B. of\>e] of aff. oi>er] o)>ere a. 

2946. ]>e] om. aj8. bigonne] gan 5. ^f//«] hem B;35 ; ham a. 

2947. /;arf/e] faste Bo5; fast /3. 

2948. conforti'] eomforte B/3. 

2949. JE:/f/o/] Eldolf /3. /?;] on 5. 

2950. Barnde] Arnde Ba ; Frekyd /3 ; Cried S. 

2951. his] of his S. 

2952. «r] or heo B ; av hi a; er jjei j8 , or hey 5. 

O 



victus. 



210 THE CHRONICLE OF 

On louercl ])e duntes stronge • j^at bituene horn was 

J;ere • 
pat fur smot out of ]>en yre • lit tinge as it were • 
So stronge kniites bo]?e hii were • & eke ]?e herte gret 

was • 2955 

Gorlois erl of cornwaile • bi horn com bi cas • 
hengist As sone as eklol him ysey • is herte vpward drou • 
Hengist bi ]?e hehn binejje • he hente vaste ynou • 
& mid streng]>e him drou adoun • & loude bigan to 

grede • 
Cristinemen vitte]? nou • of no]nng ^e ne drede • 2960 
God me a]? mi wille y^iue • vor ich im abbe nouj^e • 
Him ]?at made al ]?is wo • bi norj^e & eke bi sou)?e • 
Cu]?e]7 nou]?e }>at te hep men • vor pe maistrie al vre 

is • 
pe cristine men to grounde slowe • po hii hurde ]>is • 
Hii ne finede neuermo • ar pe opere were at grounde • 
^Some flowe to huUes • & to wodes J?at hii founde • 

2953. Ou . . . . strojKjel Stronge were \>e duutes ((i3-ntes fi ; dyutis S) 
a/85. bituene horn ivas'] were bitwene hem B ; hi smite a ; l^ei smyte 
P ; hey two smytten 5. 

2954. ha/] The /35. fur] fuyr B ; fair a ; fyre /3 ; fuyre 5. ouQ 
om. a/3. J>e«] hat B; J>e y85. yj-e] yren . Ij/. tinge els'] as 
hjttynge ; as lyghtyng y ; lyghtiiynge as 5. 

2955. kniytes] om. a^. bo\>e hii were] hi wereheiie a; hei were bo^e ;3. 
eke] om. Ba)3S. \>e herte] here herte B ; here hurte a; here hertys /3. 
gret] so grete S. 

295G. hi horn] her forh Ba ; hei' forhe j8 ; bysyde hem S. 
2957. As] So . eldol] Eldolf/3. gseg] seye B ; sau) /3 ; sawey. 

vpward] opard a. 

2959. him droit] drough hym y. drou] dreu a ; drowe /8. higan] 
gan aj35 ; ganne y. 

2960. vi-yteV] fijteh B; witeh afi ; wytteth y. je ne] bane no P ; 
haue ye y. 

29f)}. yyiie] ^euen j8. im abbe] habbe a; haue him /3. 

2962. \>is] hat a/3. 

2963. C«ht'h] Kithe /3 ; Cuyhe 5. non}}e] nou a ; nowe 7 ; >ow uowe 5. 
ich] ben B ; buh a. vre] oures ; oure B7. 

2964. nte}i] om. a/3. /o grounde slowe] slouj to grounde S. 

2965. finede] stynt neuer h^n /3. «;•] or /3. icere] ware B. a/] 
at hP )3 ; to 7. 

2966. floice'] floweu ai3. e^] and sum 5. 



K0BP:RT of GLOUCESTER. 211 

Ac octa hengistes sone • & is poer attelaste • fuga octe. 

Of scapede to cuerwik • & of streng|;ede |?en toiin vaste • 

Hengist was aliiie ynome • & yholde uaste • [i-ii] 

po ]>is bataile was 3^ do • ]^is brutons attelaste • 2070 

Nome ]>en toiin of corneboru • & ]?er Inne adde reste • 

pre dawes & ]n-e nitt • vor to ];enche lior beste • 

pe king let ]'e wule burie • ]>e dede men j;ere • 

& do vnder lecliecraft • horn J?at iwounded were • 

pe king let bringe |?er after • hengist biuore liim sone • paiiiamcn- 

& esste at erles & barons • wat were mid him to done • 

Eldad J^at bissop • of gloucestre was • Concilium 

& ]>e erles broj^er eldol • hii were j^erc bi cas • g^^^j ^^^" 

po he sey hengist stonde • biuore J^e king j^ere • iudicio 

He stod vp & sede ]>e verdit • vor al oj^ere J^at ]?ere ™^'^ ' 

were • 2980 

if o];ere he sede |>at here be]; • him wolde deliueri 

echone • 
To smale peees ichim wolde hakky alone • 



} 



2967. hengistes'] heugist. y. §• is] mid his a ; with his j8. 

2968. Of scapede] Ascapede a ; Ascapid /3 ; Of ascaped 5. of 
streny\>ede] strcngl>ede a ; streugj'ed fiS. \>eu] l^e Bj8S ; Jvine a. 

2969. aliue] oliiie B. t/iiome] take ; ytake 5. yhohle] in warde 
kept j8. 

2970. \>is brutons] ]>e hrntons a/3 : ]>e brctous 5. 

2971. Nome] Toke i85. ]>en] )jcB5; ]>imc a ; J>at /8. cornehoru] 
Corneborow /3 ; Corneborowe y ; Coueborue 5. 

2972. dawes] dayes 7S. h«^<] iiy^ttcs /3 ; nyghtes y ; iiyglitys 5. 
];>enche] bi t)enche Ba ; byljcuche S ; bij^enke ;8. 

2973. wule] wyle B ; -while a,8. ],cre] alle J^ere ay ; al l^ere 0. 

2974. do] dude ham a ; dide hem /3. /wm] om. Ba/3. iwomidcd] 
ywonded a ; woundede )3. 

2976. esste] aschede B; axede a; asked )3. al] ora. afi ; of 5. 
barons] barues B. 

2977. Eldad] Eldal B ; Aidate 5. \<at] )^e a/3. bissop] Byschope 
\>o 5. of] J>at of a/3. 

2978. erles] erl ys B. eldol] oui. S. hii tvere] was B; }iat was a/3; 
Jier was 5. \>ere] h>ar a ; eke S. 

2979. sey] saw^ /8 ; sawe 78. 
29S0. vor] by fore B ; afore /3. 

2981. ^if] pei a; Thou-^ /85. /;«•] I>er B. bc\y] buj. a ; ben 18. 
wolde] wol B. deliueri] deliuere B ; delyuere /8. 

2982. zcA/hj luolde] ich hym wolde B ; ich M-olde hiiu a ; I wolde him /33. 
hakkij] to hiikke B ; to hewe a^ ; hewe /S. 

o 2 



212 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor icholde \ie prophete wule • samuel vnder stonde • 

pat ])0 he adde ]?e lu]?er king • agag vnder honde • 

[142] He let him hewe to peces • Sz> al so he sede • 2985 

As ]?ou ast ymad mony wif • deohiol lif lede • 

& moni child wipoute fader • & moni wif loiierd les • 

Al so icholle make to day • ]>ine sones fader les • 

fol. 49 b. Also do]? bi ]?is mon • J;at so moche wo a]? ydo • 

So mony child ymad faderles • diite]? him al so • 2990 

occisio pjg word was for dom yholde • Ve erl eldol him drou • 
hengist. . 

& ladde him wij'oute J?e toun • mid god herte 3rnou • 

& smot of is heued • |?at so moche wo adde ydo • 

per was monimon awreke • & monimon glad al so • 

pis was euene vourty ^er • ]?at he adde is dom • 2995 

After ]?at he mid is folc • verst to ]?is londe com • 

po wende ]>e king mid is ost • to euerwik anon • 

Vor to sle hengistes sone • & is men echon • 

octa se pq QQ^g^ j^ adde vnderiet • Vat hii cominde were • 
recidit reo'i. ' 

'^ He sey wel |7at is poer nas nott • aten horn }»ere • 3000 

2983. wule\ wyle B ; om. a;85. vnder stonde] gan vndirstonde S. 

2984. agag] agad a ; Agat ^8. 

2985. He] And he 5. let] lette B (et passim). to] al to 5. 

2986. ymad mony wif] mani^e wif ymad a ; many wife made ;8. mony 
wif] many a wyfe 5. deohiol'] dulfola; doilful ;8. lede] toledeBySS- 

2987. cAf W] a chylde S. iw//"] lady /3 ; a wyfe 5. /owerrf/es] loi'dlesB)35. 

2988. make . . . so7ies] to dai bine sone make o ; to day )>i sone make 0. 
i>i7ie sones] by sone 5. 

2989. Also do\>] Eyght so do le S. a\> ydo] hajje doii 5. 

2990. .So] That so 5. mo?«^] mani^e o a ; manj' a ;8 ; manye a 5. ymad] 
mad Ba ; made /3 ; haj>e made 5. di-^te\>] lete dy^t 5. him'] AB^S; 
^e him afi. al so] so sone 5. 

2991. icord] om. a/3. for dom yholde] j'holde fore dome'5. 

2992. ladde] lade o. be] om. a. god] glad a$ ; gladde yb. 

2994. \>er] bo B. monimon] many a man ; manye a man 5. moni- 
mon] mani^e a ; many 0. glad] glade o. 

2995. is] bis Ba)3 ; bys 5. 

2996. mid is folc] ymade his folk 5. verst to \>is londe] to bis loud B ; 
to bis lond fiirst a ; to bis londe first j3 ; first hedir 5. 

2997. is] god B. 

2998. hengistes] Hengiste B ; Hengist j8. echon'] cuerychone 5. 

2999. octa] bis Occa ay, bis octa /3 ; bys Octa 5. it adde] om. BaySS. 
vnderyA] ouderstod B ; vuderstode P ; vndirstood 5. cominde] Aa ; 
comyng B7 ; comynge )35. 

.^Ono. is] om. 75. ?.'«.s] was jS5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 213 

An raketeie of hire • in is hond he nom • 

& wi]7 ])e hext of is men • a^en j^e kinge he com • 

Sire he sede myne godes • al ouercome bej? • 

& ]7i god is louerd one • as we to so]?e ise]? • 

& J?at l^us noblemen to I'in wille • bring}? in j^isse 

manere • 3005 [143] 

per uore us wi)? j?is veteres • vnder vong nou here • 
pat to ech torment ];at ]:'0u wolt us do • we be]? ^are 

in |?is place • 
Bote |?ou wole of vs abbe here • pite & grace • 
pe king adde pite of him • & as is conseil him ^ef ]>o • 
Nom of him sikernesse • to be is ]?ral euere mo .3010 miseiicor 
& of ech ]7at wi]? him was. & in gret destresse • tiaiegis. 

Biside scotlond horn ^ef an place • al in wildernesse . 
To wonie ]>er inne in |?ralhede • vnder ]?e king euer mo . 
po eosa & mony o]?ere . ]?at yflowe were ]>o - 

3001. Ati] One oj8. raketeie'] raketyne B ; raketije o/S ; Eaketeye S. 
hire] yre Ba ; Ire /35. 

3002. Sj-] om. a/S. wi]>] Mid a; om. S. hext] hexte Ba ; hei^est /3 ; 
highest y. is] om. y. ayen] to B. kinye] kyng Ba. 

3003. al ouercome] ouercome al 5. Oe\>] we buj> « ; ben /3 ; bene y. 

3004. yod is louerd] lord ys god B ; louerd is god a ; lorde is god /3. 
one] al one B. to soi>e] l>e so]> fi ; J^e soJ>e S. ise];>] isu)' a ; 
se\> B ; now seen /8. 

3005. §•] om. Ba/35. \>us] J^use 5. J)««] }?i a/3. 6r«ni/t>] 
bringest a/3. J^me] |>is Ba/3. 

3006. i*s] om. oj3. Jj(s] om. Ba^. i;e<e?'es] feteres /3. ?*02<] vs 
nou a ; vs nowe j8, 

3007 . to ech . . . do] al to J?ine wille we buj> a ; alle in to J>i wille we ben 
j8 ; ben al to \>j wille 5. ech] eche B. 1>om wolt vs do] ye wole vs B. 
we be]> ^are] ^are Ave bej? B ; redi o ; redy j8 ; redye now 5. \>is] |>isse a. 

3008. i?ote] Bot yf 8, wole] wilt y8 ; wille 5. abbe here pite] here 
pyte habbe Ba ; here pytee haue ^ ; here Pyte haue 5. 

3009. pite] rewj?e B/3 ; reuj>e a5. of him] of hem B ; on him/3. §• 
as] & B ; om. a^5. 

3010. iVoMt] pat he nom (nome 5) a5 ; To take /3, Itim] hem B. 6e] 
om. B. 

3011. ech'] eche Ba. wi\>] mid a. 

3012. homycfa7i] ^af hem a 5. yefa7i] ^efaB; ya,f o a ; ^aue o ;8 ; 
yaue a y, 

3013. i<;o?«'e \>er i?mc] wone inne B ; woni^ea; wonne /3 ; wonne yune S. 
i>ralhcde] J^raldam B. 

30.14. po eosa] pese B ; J^eose o ; Thise &. yflowe] flowe /3 ; j'flowen 5. 



214 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



releuacio 

ccclesi- 

arum. 



[144] 
Vadit lou- 
donie 
quam 

emendavit. 
fol. 50. 



Yseie pat ]>e king aclde • sucli milce liom ydo • 3015 
To l^e king hii wende as prisons • & bede him milce 

al so • 
pe king al in one manere • liom lef milce & grace • 
To wonye al in ]>ralhede • in j;ulke wilde place • 
To Avro]:'e hele al ]ns lond • was he so milde ]?o • 
Vor ]?e ssrewen dude fie]>]>e to ]ns lond • suij^e moche 

wo . 3020 

po al ]ns Avas ido • J?e king ar he wende • 
Lob ordeiny in euerwik • |?is lond vorto amende • 
& let rere up chirchen • & to al j'at lond aboutc • 
& bissopes dude in hor poer • ]?at er were al wi]?oute • 
After viftene dawes • ]^at he adde yordeined ];is • 
To londone he wende uor to amende • j^'at ]^er was 

amys • 8026 

He let amendy al J>en toun • of hous |?at were adoune • 
& in ]^e contreye chirchen let • rere & in ]7e toune • 



3015. Yscie] Ysei B ; And sci^o a; And sithe ;3 ; Saweu 5. milce'] 
mercy B ; grace S. horn'] him 5. 2/''''] ^^^ ^^• 

3016. i>e king] hjvo. B. prisons'] prisoues Ba. bcdc him] bcdom B; 
bede a ; prayede fi. milce] mercy B ; grace 5. 

3017. horn -ycf] lafhemS. viilce] mercy B. 

3018. wonye] woue B; woniic/3; Avonije a. al] om. o/3 ; alle y. 
al in YraVhcde] in o thralled 5. )>ulkc] J>ike B. 

3019. ivro\>c hele] ■wrot'er hele aj8. al] to al 5. 

3020. >e] J^es 5. \>e ssrewe7i] }'C schrewes B ; hi o ; J>ei 0. dude] 
dide j3. se];)\>e to b's lond] to }>is loud sehJ^e Ba ; to J^is loude 
sithe /3 ; to )>is londe sethe 5. sni]>e] wel Ba5 ; ry)t /3, moche] 
muche Ba/S ; meche 5. 

3021. ido] doun /3. 

3022. ordeiny] ordeyne B ; ordeni a. euerwik] oucrwik a. Jj/s] )>e a/3. 

3023. let rere] rered j3. rere] arere 5. u]> chirchen] vp chirches 
B/3 ; op circhen a. §■ to al ];>at] in al J^c BajS ; in alle ]^at S. 

3024. dude] sette 5. al] om. ^5. 

3026. Mor] om. aPS. 

3027. amendy] amende Bo/3. jpcn] J>o B; >e a,8. hous] bowses B; 
houses ^5. 

3028. contreye] contrey B. chirchen let rere] lete arere churches 5. 
chirchen] chirches B/3. lei] he let,« ; he lete /8. cjr] & eke 5. 
\>e] om. a/3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 215 

Gode lawes ]?at were aleyd • nywe he let make • 
pe londes |>at were arst binome • ]>q v'lZt eyres he let 
take . 3030 

Bote is wille clene was • is lond iior to amende • 
& after al J^is to winehestre • fram loudone he wende • vadit win- 
Vor to amendy ]>ulke syde • & so to salesbury • 
& so vor to amendy more • to ]>e doune of ambres- 

bury • principium 

J)o he com to |)ulke place • |)at ])e heye men inne stouheug'. 

laye • 
pat heng'ist mid is sexes • let sle k, bi traye • 3035 
Of I'e mor];ere he adde deol • & bigan to wepe sore • 
He J?otte in is herte hou he mitte • pe place Avorj^i 

more • 
Vor ]?er leye so gode men • hit was wel ydo • 
pat vor to defend! ]7at lond • ymor]?red were so • 
His conseil he nom ]70 • hou he mi;te makie J'ere • 
Som wore in honour of honi • ]mt euere in muncle 

were • 3041 

pe erchebissop of walls • sede is avys • 
Sire he sede tif J^er is • Enymon so wis • 



3029. let] lete /3 ; hete y. 

3030. J^e] oin. B5. ejp-cs'] eyr B; eir a; eyre /3; heir y. 

3030*. cletic] al cleue Ba/35. is lo?id'] }>atlonda; J^at londe /35. uor 

to] forto Ba/3 ; to 5. 

3031. at] om. a/35. to ... . londone] from Londou to Wynchcstre o. 

3032. omitted iu 5. amendi/] amende B;3. \>ulke syde] \>q cite a ; 
he Citee /35. ^ so] & so & so B. 

3033. vor] wov a ; om. 8. amendij] amende B;8. to] iu a/8. 
doitne] toun ay35. 

3034. \>%dke] hat B; W ^5. men'] me A. 

3036. he] her he S. biyaii] gan aS. 

3037. ill is herte] om. oj85. ivor\)i] worscbip /8. more] om. B. 

3038. Ici/c] ley ; lay By. 

3039. vor] om. /8. defendi] defende B/3. \>at] he 5. >jmor\>red 
were] for hem (theim y) hat morhred were /Sy ; hey were murthred 5. 

3040. nom] tok B ; toke /8. miyte] my^t B. makie] make Ba;8. 

3041. wore] werk Ba. \>at] hat hey 5. munde] myude B. 

3042. sede] \>o £eyd 5. is] ho his o ; han his /3. avys] avice B. 

3043. Enymo7i] any mou B ; ony man J3 ; cny man ay. 



216 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[145] 



aduentus 
merlini. 



concilium 
Merlini. 



pat beste red conne rede • merlin ]?at is • 
Vor ]>er nis in ]?is kinedom • so wisman iwys • 3045 
To segge so)? of |?inges • ]?at to comene be]? • 
Ne of quoynte gynnes • uor to rede as we al day ise]? • 
Merlin was |?o in walls • he was sone of so^t • 
Mid messagers & yfounde • & to ]7e kinge ybrott • 
pe king made him loye inou • & among alle • 3050 
Bad him telle of som J?ing • ]?at him ssolde biualle • 
Sire king qua]? merlin ]>o • such ]?inges ywis • 
Ne be]? uor to ssewy noli • bote iwanne gret ned is • 
Vor lif ich it sede in busemare • o]?er bote it ned were • 
Sone fram me he wolde wende • ]?at gost ]?at de]? me 
lere • 3055 

pe king ]7o non oj^er nas • bad him som quoyntyse • 
Bi |?enche aboute ]?ulke cors • ]?at were so noble tfo wyse • 
Sire king qua]? merlin ]?o • tif ]?ou wolt here caste • 
In honour of hom a work • ]?at euere ssal ylaste • 



3044. conne] j^e can B ; konne l^e ot/S. 

3045. nis'] is /8. ];>is] )>i B ; J^y 5. wistnan] witti man a ; wyse a man 5. 

3046. comene] konninge a ; comynge )3. be\>] but> « ; ben 0. 

3047. quoijnte gynnes] quoyntes B. uo7-] om. a/8. as we al day] asal 
day we a ; al day we )8. ise]>] suJj o ; seen /S. 

3048. ofsoyt] af sout a ; oute sou^t /3 ; ysoujt 5. 

3049. Mid] And w' 5. messagers] messingeres B. ^-j om. S. Sf to] 
& to fore a ; and afore ;8 ; and byfore 5, kinge] kyng Ba. rjbro-'yt] 
broujt /3. 

3050. Iiim] of him 5. loye] cliere j8. Sf] & \>&re 5. among] 
amon B. alle] hem alleB;85 ; hal alle a (sic). 

3051. Bud] Bed B. sow] some a. 

3052. qua\>] quod ^ ; seyde y. suc/t] suche B ; swich a. 

3053. Ne . . . tioyt] Beth uoght for to be schewed 8. ssewy] schewe 
Bj3 ; schewi a. ywanne] weu B ; whanne a ; whan j8 ; wheune y, 
ned] nud a. 

3054. ich it sede] J>ei were seyd ;8. it] om. Bo5, busemare] 
bismare B)3 ; busmare a. ned"]. nud a. 

3055. fram . . . wolde] he wolde from me 5. )pat gost] he gost BaS. 

3056. ]'0 /ton o\>er ?ias] saw) han none ober was /3. ?*ffs] it nas S. 
if/f/l bod B. 

3057. i>ulkc cors] J>e bodices a ; Jjc bodies ; >e corsscs 5. icere so 
noble] so noble were B ; noble were a/8 ; so noble men were 5. 

3058. \>o] om. o. ivolt] wilt /3. 
3050. hononr] J>c honour B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 217 

To ]>e hul of kylar • send in to yrlonde • 3060 

After ]>e noble stones • )?at ]fev abbe]? longe ystonde • 

pat was J7e treche of geans • vor a quointe wore it is • 

Of stones al wij? art ymad • In ]>e world such non is • 

Ne |?er nis noj'ing )?at it ssolde • wi|? streng]?e adoiin foi. 50 b. 

caste . [1-16] 

Stode hii here • as hii do]? ]?ere • euere hii wolde laste • 
pe king bigan somdel • to liyhe • ]>o he hurde j^is tale • 
Hou miite he sede suche stones • so grete & so uale • 
Be ybrott fram so ver lond • & lut )7at mest of were • 
Me wolde wene ]7at in |?is lond • no ston to worke 

nere • 
Sire king qua}? merlin • ne make no^t an idel such 

lyhinge • 3070 

Vor it nis an ydel no^t • ];at ich telle ]>is tydinge • 
Vor in ];e verroste stede of affric • geans wule vette • 
pulke stones vor medicine • & in yrlond horn sette • 

3060. kylar'] Ba5 ; kylare /8 ; hilar A. send] sende aj35. m to] vorj? 
to a ; forjje to )3 ; forthe into S. 

3061. abbe\>] habbet B ; ban 7. lonye] leuge B. ystonde] stonde jS. 

3062. \>at] There S. treche] Bu/Sy ; trethe 5 ; crecche A. geans] 
geaudes B ; geauutes /3. it is] J^er ys B5. 

3063. wi\>] mid a. ymad] made /3. such non] uoue suche 7. is] nis a. 

3064. Ne] om. a^S. nis] is /3 ; ys S. it] me B ; ham a ; hem /35. 
w/)>] myd B ; mid a. 

3065. Stode] Stoden o. as] so a. do]>] done y. hii] a B. 
laste] ylaste a ; ylast /3. 

3066. biyan] om. B ; gan 5. liyhe] Iy)he B ; li^e a ; lawgh )3 ; laughe S. 

3067. miyte he sede] he said myjt /8. suche] om. S. wa/c] falc Ba)35. 

3068. Be . . . lond] Fram so fer lond beou ibroujt a ; Fram so fer londe 
ben broujt j3. Be ybro-'yt] Brou^t be 5. fram] of B. \>at] om. B. 
mest of] mest a ; most fi. 

3069. »«] on 5. nere] were 5. 

3070. Sire] Srre A. /«'?«(/] om. a/3. ?je] om. 5. ?«rt^e] make J>ou 
a^. «?i «f/e/] on ydel a/8. lyhinye] ly^hyng B ; lyghynge 5 ; 
lesinge a ; lesynge |8. 

3071. nis] is /3. an ydel noyt] noght an Idel 5 ; on ydel nouta; on 
ydel noii)t /3. )pis] suche 5. tydinge] tibinge ayS. 

3072. Vor] om. aj8. verroste] farreste B ; ferreste a. affric] 
aufrike a. geans wule] geaudes while B ; geans while ham a ; 
geauutes hem |8. wule] souityme S. 

3073. pulke] pike B ; And J>ulk 5. §•] om. S. in yrlo?ul] yrlonde a. 
horn] t>ey 5. 



218 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe wule hii wonedc in yrlonde • to makie hor baj^es 

Jjere • 
per vnder vor to ba]7ie • wanne hii sike were • 8075 
Vor hii wolde ]'e stones wasse • & j^er inne bajne 

y wys . 
Vor ])er nis no ston ]?er among • ];at of gret vertue 

nys . 
[147] pe king & is conseil radde ]>o • ]?e stones vor to 

vette • 
& wi]:» gret poer of bataile • iif enimon horn lette • 
vadunt Ambrose I'e kinges brober • bat vter het al so • 3080 

post petras. -r i t i i i 

In an oyer maner name • ichose was per to • 
Wi]? viftene j^ousend men yarmed • );is dede nor to do • 
& merlin • vor is quoynte wit • jnider wende al so • 
rex Gyneman was jnilke tyme • king of yrlonde • 

po me tolde him of pis briitons • ]?at icome were in J^is 
londe . 3085 

A^en hom he wende anon • mid gret poer ynou • 
po me tolde him hor erande • he astunte & lou • 



hibernic. 



3074. pe] orn. B. ivo?icde'] wonedenB; duellyd j8. makie'] make 
B/8 ; makije o. 

3075. vur] om. oj8. ba]>ic'\ ba)>i)e a ; baj^i hem /8; bathi thcymy. 

3076. Z»fl]?«e] bahyje a ■ baj^e B ; hem ba}>e /8. 

3077. ]>er'\ om. B. nis] ys B5. \>er among'] hem amonge fi. of] 
ue of /3. itys] is ;8. 

3078. king §• is] kinges a ; kyoges /8S. \>c] oiu. B. vor to] forte B ; 
j^at me a ; t?at men j95. vette] fette Ba^5. 

3079. §"] om. a/35. enimon'] eny men wolde 5. 

3080. Ambrose] Uter B. vter] ambiosc B ; vther a. liet] hettc B ; 
hyjt j8 ; highte 7. 

3081. ««] on a. Ichose] chese j8. 

3082. 'Wi\>] And B. yarmed] om. B. dedc nor] om. a/35. 

3083. quoijnle loit] quoyntisc B. wende] wente B ; ^o wende a ; 
))an went /8. 

3084. Gi/neman] Gyncmon B. tyme] om. B. of] in a. 

3085. Mm] om. 5. of] M B. \>is] \>q a/35. \>at] om. B. 
iconic were] come were a ; were come j8. in \>is] to ys B ; in 
his a35. 

3086. wende] wente B. gret] god B. 

3087. erande] ernde B ; heriude a. astnnle] atstuntca; astyntc B/3. 
ton] loW) Bj8. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 219 

No wonder he sede ]jei bruteine • al day go to 

grounde • 
Wanne hii l?at );er inne be]; • such foles be|? yfoundo • 
Wo as yhurd such folye • wcr j^er ne be in non 

ende . 3090 

Stones |;at aite be • bote liii hider sende • 
Arme|) lou vaste nou • & wite)? ^oure lond • 
Vor hii ne ssolle}? abbe |>e leste ston • ])c wule ich may 

weld min hond • 
Vter & is compaynic • yredy aien horn were ♦ -victoria 

& a strongc bataile smite • & J?c yrisse to driuc p'ere • ^rutonum. 
& wende vor]> mid streng|;e • J^o no mon ne lette • 
To Ve hul of kylar • be stones vor to vette • 3097 ^^"encio 

' J i pctrarum. 

po hii seye ]>e stones • horn wondrede ynou • [148] 

Of ]>e wore ]?at was so gret • & wo hit ];uder drou • 



3088. );>ei . . . . al dai/'] al daye Jiou^ bretoiis 5. \>ei'\ j>aw B. 
hriiteine] briitous a/3. grounde] the groimclc y. 

3089. bc\>\ bujj a ; om. 5. sucK] suche Ba. 

3090. as yhurd] ha|> yherd B ; baj? hurd a; haj> hurde $ ; hathe harde y ; 
hajje herde 5. tver] whcher a^. ne he] be B5 ; no ben /3 ; non 
bene y. non~] no y. 

3091. )>ut] >er Jjat Ba^. a-yte he] ajtes be B ; au^tes bco a; oujt 
ben yS ; aughtys bethe 5. bote] om. B ; but \>zX /3. 

3092. -yon vaste nou] eu nou faste anon a ; ^ow nowe anon fast /3. 
vasle nou] now fast 5. ioite\> -SjOurc] witej> wel cure a ; kepe|> wel 
cure /3 ; wai'de we wel oure 5. 

3093. Vor .... uhhe] Hi ne schoUe habbe a ; Thei schal uo)t haue /8 ; 
They ne schul haue 5. ne . . . . ston] schul not habbe here no 
ston B. \>e wule] wyle B. weld min] wolde niyn B ; hebbe op a ; 
lyfte myn /3 ; Jyfte my y. 

3094. Vter] Vther a. yredij] redi B ; redy 35. a^e?/] a^enst a/3. 

3095. a stronge .... smite] bataile smite strong 3mou a ; Bataile smyte 
stronge ynow^ /3 ; a batayle smytten stronge ynowj 5. ^-J om. a/8. 

3096. \>o] })at |3. 7U'] hem no B ; ham ne a ; hem ue /3 ; hym 
ne 5. 

3097. To \>e lad of] And come to B. \>e] l^o B ; & J^e ad ; and \>o /3. 
vor to] om. a;85. 

3098. hii sei/c] heo sey B ; hi iscije a ■ he saw^ $ ; he saM'e y. seye \>c 
st07ies] \>Q stonys sawe 5. ^e] ))o B. hoin] heo B ; he /3 ; J^ey 5. 
wondrede] wonndrede of hem j8. 

3099. icorc \>at icas] stones J^at were j8. wo] ho B ; who a^. hit] hem /39. 



220 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Xe tongemen qua]? merlin • cuj'e]? loure mi^te • 3100 
Hou le mowe ]7is stones • best to ssipe diite • 
fol. 51. Hii stode & bi]?otte horn bet • & cables vette ynowe • 
& laddren & leuours • & uaste ssoue & drowe • 
Ac hii ne miite nor noj^ing come • to ende mid hor 

wille . 
Merlin ysei ]?is & Ion • & bed hom stonde stille • 
He sette ys ginnes as he wolde • & is quointise dude 
stnie . 3106 

pat folc mid ]7e stones ]>o • dude al hor owe wille • 
& let hom to ssipe bringe • & so in to pis londe • 
Ac J?er was som enchanterie • per to ich vnder stonde • 
Ductio To ]>e doune of ambresbury • pes stones ybroit were • 
buihim '^^^' ^^6n pe feste of witesontyd • as merlin gan lere .3111 
Four hondred lev & fourscore • & aboute j^e te]?e iere • 
After ]?at god an evpe com • yset hii were peie • 



3100. CMj)e)>] cuj>ej> now B ; kij^e now (85. 

3101. \>is stones best] best the stones 7. J?es] J>e a^ ; Jjus 8. to 
ssipe] to I>e schip B ; to i>e schyppes S. 

3102. hom bet] hem best B ; hare beste a ; here best ; ther best y ; 
her best 5. cables] gables /3. 

3103. laddren] laddrene a; laddres BySS; ladders 7. leuoiirs] hokes 5. 
uaste] fate a (sic). ssoue] schofe 5. 

3104. hii ne mi-^le] J>ey myght 5. uor no]>ing come] come for noj^yug B ; 
come nout a ; noujt come )3 ; come noght 5. ende] hende )3. mid 
hor] w' al here 5. 

3105. ysei] say B ; sey a ; saw) /3 ; sawe 7. lou] lew) /3 ; lough 7. 
bed] bad Bai3 ; badde 7. 

3106. He] Merlin a. sette] sette \>o 5. as he wolde] \>o a; Jjan ^8 ; 
om. 5. is] om. a/35. quointise] queyutise /3. 

3107. Vat] And ]>q B. owe] om. Bo/85. 

3108. let hom to ssipe] lette hem to schippes B; let to schipes o; lete 
schippes hem /3 ; lete to schyppys S. §•] om. )3. in] forthe 5. 

3110. ]>es] )>eB. 

3111. witesontyd] whitsonetyde a j wytsoutydeB. 90171] can 7. 

3112. yer S^ fourscore] & four score )er a ; & foure score jere yS. tc)>e] 
tenj>e B;8S ; teoi>e a. 

3113. </(>c/] gon B. an] on Bo/35. er)>e] yereth 7. ?/se<] sette )3. 
/»t ?<;ere }>crc] iwere so J^ere o ; j^ei were so ]>ere ; so they there were 7. 



scopatiium. 



lapiclum. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 221 

Alle ]>e heyemen of ]>e lond • ]>c king let of sende • t'estum ad 
Erles & barons • & knittes in ech ende • 3115 ^ ' 

Bissopes & abbodes • «fe oJ»ere J?at |?ere were • 
pat ]>e feste of witesonetyd • mid him were ]?ere • 
pe king a witesoneday • ])o hii come alle to is heste • [149] 
Sette ]>e croune on is heued • «fc huld noble feste • 
& alle |?e foure dawes • ]7e feste he huld ]?ere • 3120 <i^cio epl- 
Bissopriches al so • |?at deliuered were • 
In onoiir of |?ulke stude • ];ere he tef hom Jjo • 
As of euerwik &l of walls • & of o]:'ere mo • 
Merlin mid enchantement • & mid is quointise j^er • posicio 
Sette vp ])e stones ri^t al so • as hii stode in yrlond er 
pus was stonheng uerst ymad • j^at men al day yse}> • 
In onour of j^e noblemen • ];at j^ere ibured be]? • 
X)ascence vortigeres sone • ])0 is fader ybarnd was • 
Fley in to germayne • mid wel hastif pas • 

3114. Alle'] To alle S. o/|jc] of }jo B ; of J)is j8. let] lette B ; 
faire a ; J^er aftir j3 ; f ayre S. of sende] af sende a ; sende 5. 

3115. Sc barons] Barons j8. i7i] aboute in /3. ech] eche Ba. 

3116. abbodes] abbotes B. 
3117,3118. pat }f>e . . . . heste] And men of dygnjte bo)>e fer & nere 

At \>e feste of wytsonday whenne \>ei come to Hs heste /8. 

3117. pat] At a5. witesonetyd] whitsonetj'd a. ivere] to beo a • 
to be 8. 

3118. a witesoneday] at wytsonday B ; at wittesoueday a. alle] om. a. 

3119. hidd] helde a/3, 7ioble] a noble 0. 

3120. daives] dayes B. he] hi a ; l^ei/S; J^ey 5. huld] huldea- 
helde /35. 

3121. Bissopriches] Bischopes B. deliuered] deliuerede a. 

3122. hom] ys B. 

3123. &f ofwalis] & walls ayS ; & walys S. c5-] & also B. oi>ere] o\>ev a. 

3124. mid] mid his a; with ys B ; with his /8 ; w' his 5. enchantement] 
chauntement B. 

3125. vp . . . . also] vp J^e stones ryjt so B ; op ri^t \>e stones a.; vp 
ry^t \>Q stones ^ ; vprj-ght ]>& stonys 5. hii . . . . er] >ei in Irlonde 
dede ere j8 ; tbei dide in Irlonde ere y ; \>ey in Irlond were ere 5. 

3126. stonheny] j^e stonehenge 3. uerst] J>us B ; om. afid. men al 
day] al day men aj3. yse\>] isuj> a ; se|j B ; seen /3. 

3127. \>e] \>o /3. ibured be\>] yburicd be]? B ; buryed been /3. 

3128. vortigeres] ffortigeree /8 ; ffortiger y. \>o] om. B. ybarnd] for 
barnd B ; brent /3 ; breuned 5. 

3129. in to] to 7. germayne] germanyeB; germani^e a. ivel hastif] 
wel hasty B ; ry^t hasty j8. 



222 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pere he gaderede folc • of saxons ynowe • 3130 

Vor to awreke him of hom • )?at is fader slowe • 
In ]>e nor]? ende of ]ns lond • hii bigonne ariue • 
& vaste slowe & barnde •'& robbede bliue • 
pat word to vre king com • so ]>at he wende • 
Mid is poer among hom • & hor prute ssende • 3135 
Pascence & is men • ]?at of scapede ]?er aliue • 
To ssipes flowe aten • ech wiile hom ]>ozte vine • 
[li^o] Aboute hii wende by ]>e se • to yrlonde ]>o hii come • 
Gyneman ])e king of yrlonde • & hii gi'et conseil nome • 
fol. 51b, ^ j,is lond vorto ssende • alle hii snore an o]> • 3140 
Vor gyneman vor stonhenge • was tut hyderward wro]^ • 
Aduentus So j^at ]^e yrisse & hii • mid gret poer ywis • 
ybernensi- Wende toward ]>is lond • & ariuede in walis • 
bus. In |7o toun of seint dauit • hii bileuede & aboute • 

& vor to asayli jns lond • grei}>ed hor route • 3145 

Kyng aurcli at winchestre • to gret syknesso drou . 
Gynemon & pascence were • |?eruore glad ynou • 
concilium A quointc mon of j'e saxons • eope was is name • 
cione^re-ris. "^^ pascence he wende anon • ];at god ^iue him ssame • 



3130. pere'] And her aj3 ; And l^iere 5. /o^f] of folke^. 

3131. of] on . 

3132. hiyomie'] gan S. ariue'] to aryuc 7S. 

3133. harnih'] brent jS. hUue'\ bi lyue B. 
3135. hor] beore B. prnle'] Pryde /3. 

313G. !>«/] I'O B. of scapede] ascapede Ba ; ascapyd fi; ascaped 5. 

\>er'] cm. BS. 

3137. ^ozye] flo ^3 ; flowcn o. ayen'] faste ajen Ba; fast axen /8 ; 
fast a)eync 0. icide] myle j8. hom \>o-:^te] Jjou^t hem 5. 

3138. to] so J>at to B ; J^at to 5. \>o] om. B ; ^at afi. 

3139. )>e] om. Ba,85. 

3140. vorto] to a/35. alle hii] ^ere ))ey 5. an'] on a ; one )3 ; con y. 

3141. vor] was for )'e B ; was for aj3S. was yiit hi/dcrirard] biderward 
let B; biderward jute a; biderwarde ryjt )3 ; biderward jitte ful 5. 

3143. Wende] Come B. 

3144. seint] sent B. dauit] dauid Ba. ^- ahoute] a 1 aboute ;8. 

31 4.'). asai/li] asailc B ; assaile j8. J'i's] J'at ;3. i)rei\>ed hor] bi 

grcijjede ham gret a ; J^ei gral'cd hem gret ^ ; J'ej gaddred grete S. 

3147. \>eruore ylud] gbid l^er of B ; glad l^er fore 5. 

3148. A] O 0/3. mon] maistre B. t>e] om. o)3. 

3149. Ac] om. B5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 223 

Wat woste he sede ]mlke mun • to is mede tiue uawe • 
pat |;e king aurely • brotte sone of lifdawe • 3151 

^if ich mitte qua)> pascence • such mon vinde on • 
A ]?ousend pound of sehier • ichim wolde line anon • 
& make him euere vnder me • maister of al mi lond • 
& ])at ich im wolde mid treu]>e • sikeiy him vaste an 

hond . 3155 

pis vorewarde was uaste ymad • nou cou|'e ]us lu]?ei' 

man • 
Langage of ]ns londe • as he were a cristineman • * 
»fe ]?e manere of brutons • as he adde among hom er 

ygo • 

& ]'e art of Icchecraft • al to moche as ]>o • 

His herd he let ssere verst • & is croune al so • 31 GO 

& su]>]7e monekes abit • on him he let do • 

& nom wi|? him spicerie • j^at to fysike drou • ['^i] 

& wende him to winchestre • quointeliche ynou • 



3150. ivustc'] wolJcst B; wost I>oii a; woldist )'ou ; •woldest J)Ou 5. 
he sede .... naire] he seide ^iiie Jjulke man fawe a ; he sayde ^eiie 
J)ilke man fayu )3 ; ^ene he soyde to ))ylk man fawe 5. 

31.51. broy/e .... lifdawe'] wolde vndertake to slayn /3. sone'] 

ora. Ba ; owte 5. li/daive] da we 5. 

3152. moil] a man /35. 

3153. A] O a. ichim ivolde j/«e] ich wolde hym ^eue B; ich wolde 
him ^iue a ; I wolde him ^eue ;3 ; I wolde ^ef him S. 

3154. make] makije a. al] om. a/3. lond] londe B. 

315.5. im] om. a;35. treu\>e] grcte treuj^e o ; gret treuj^e /3 ; trowhe 5. 

siherij him] siker B ; sikir him ^ ; him sykere 5. vas/e] om. a,8. 

an hond] on hond a ; on honde B;8. 

3156. \>is] The j3. vorewarde] forthward 5. vaste ymad] ymade 
fast y8. noil] nowc 75. \>ls lu]>er man] he Jio he cam a ; he whenue 
he came j8. 

3157. >/s londe] brutons a; Brutoiis 13. he .... cristineman] hit 
were on of ham a ; he were one of hame /3. he were] had be 5. 
a] om. B. 

3158. brutons] ham alle a; hem alle 13. er] om. BajSS. 

3159. as] om. B. 

3160. is] a brod B ; one brode a; one broode ; a brode S. 

31 01. monekes] a moukes B ; a mouke ys S. on him lie let] he ded on 

him 5. 
3162. nom] toke ^~. ?r/|)] to a. spicerie] spiceri^e a. 

31 C3. to] om, a. (jiuiiiilclielie] queruliche y. 



224 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& sede J^e kinges meine • )'at ho wolde him to helc 

bringe . 
pat folc was sone glad ynou • vor ]?e tydinge • 31 G5 
So wisliche he made hit • & so wel • J'at me leuede 

him uaste • 
toxi[caci]o pe king ek in is syde • is herte up on him caste- 
leg's- jjg .g£ l^^j^ ^ luj'er drench • & ])o he adde ydronke 

so • 
He bad him ligge & slepe wel • ];at it mitte ]>e bet 

do . 31G9 

pe king hopede wel to him • & let him helie vaste • 
& stille was wi]?oute noyse • & lay & slep is laste • 
Vor ]>e poyson in is slep • ]>e veines so ]7oru so^te • 
pat it of eode al ]?at body • & to de]?e him sone bro^te • 
pe wuIq he slep ]7e traytor • |7en wey awey^ard nom • 
Stilleliche bi halues • ]7at me nuste • ware he bicom • 
visio stelle. Ri^t aboute ]>e kinges de]>e • in ];e firmament an hey • 
An sterre gret & vair ynou • sui]7e cler me sey • 

3164. J>e . . . . him'] hat he wolde welj>ane king (>>e kynge /8) a/3. I^e] 
to >e 5. 7neine'] om. B ; men S. 

3165. pat] The 5. was soyie] was Jjo a ; was }>au /8 ; were 5. vor t>e] 
for )>ulke a ; for J>inge fi ; for thilke y ; of ])ilk 5. tijdiiiye] A7 ; ty)>inge 
Baj3. 

3166. he ... . wel] he spak & Avel aS ; he spake & wel /3. leuede] 
lefde a ; louyd j8. 

3167. ek] om. B. in'] ou 5. up on] al vpBa; al on /3 ; alle vpon 5. 
caste] he cast y. 

3168. rt] o a. drench] dreuche a ; drinke /8. adde] hit hadde a. 
j/dronke] drouke B. so] yt so B ; it so 5. 

3169. bad] bed B. Hffge] lye P. ivel] \>a,n wel 0. \>e bet do] do 
bet hyni do B. bet] better y3. 

3170. helie] heli^e a; helyje /3 ; hely y. 

3171. s/e;>] slepte B;3S, 

3173. of code] of jeode a ; J>urgh jede ^ ; ouerwent 5. \>at] J^e j85. 
<o] to J>e a5. A/m so?je] sone hym B ; him ayS. 

3174. slep] slepe ;S ; slepte 5. \>en ivey aweyivard] aweywardj'e weyeS. 
\>en] \>o B ; ^>ane a; )?e ^. 

3175. S<//M'c/je] So stillely /3. 6/ /ia/Mcs] by halkes j85. ]>at] om. a. 
me nuste] men nyst )3. 

3176. an hey] on hey 7. 

3177. An] A B ; One a/3. y?io?/] om. aj8. S7«>c] and swyK B5 ; 
ryjt /3. »«r> si;^] men ysey )8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 225 

Vtcr. fol. 52. 

cler leom wi}>oute mo • ]>ev stocl frara him wel pur • 
Yfoiirmed as a dragon • as red ase fur • 3179 

Out of ]?e dragons mou|7e • tueye leomes ];er stode |7ere • 
pe grettore tylde euene est • ouer franco as it were • 
pe o]>ev adde seue branches • alle clere ynowe • [152] 

& toward ]?e yrisse se ♦ westward euene drowe • 
po ]?is sterre was yseye • men wondrede ynou • 
Vter J?e kinges bro]?er • mid is ost ]>o drou • 3185 

To walis to |7is strange men • to asayli hom & fi^te • 
Adrad he was sore ynou • of ]?is wonder sitte • 
Merlin he clupede & esste anon • hou it mitte j^er of be • Meiiinn> 
Merlin wep anon so vaste • ]>at reu};e it Avas to se • tans'^"" 
Alas he sede |;e deoluul harm • ]?at ys endeles • 
Alas j^at folc • of brutaine • ]?at is nou help les • 3190 
Ded he is ]>e noble king • aurely |^i bro|?er • 
Ac l^e sterre J^at me ysey • bitoknej? anoj^er • 



3178. O] One ay3 ; A 5. leom'] leome a; leme /3. wi]>oute'] wyth- 
outen /3. \)er] l^at a/3. /;//«] hure afi ; hire y. icel'] vyxt 0. 
pur] puir a ; puire j8. 

3179. as a] as on a. ase] as J>e B ; so eny a ; as ony /3 ; as eny 78. 
fur] fuyr B ; fuir a. 

3180. dragons] Dragon 5. tueye leomes] twei leomes B; tweije 
leomes a ; two lemes 0. J^er] om. afiS. 

3181. pe] om. B. tylde] tilled yS. eue7ie] eftie a. est] estward 
aj8 ; estwarde 5. oue)-] on /3. 

3182. seue] seuen 0. 

3183. yrisse] hyrische a. droice] \>ei drowe B; hit drowj 5. 

3184. yseye] yse /3. 

3185. Vter] Vther aS (& passim). Jjo drou] J>an he drou) 0. 

3186. to \>is] toward \>is a; toward J)ise j3. \>is strange] i>es stronge S. 
asayli] asa3'le B ; assaile /3. 

3187. zvo7i(le}'] wonderful S. 

3188. clupede Sf esste] clepude & aschede B ; clepede & eschte a; callyd 
& asked 0. it] he B ; i>at hit $. ]>er of] om. a^d. 

3189. icep aiion] gan wepe a0 ; wepte anon 5. reu\>e] deol B ; wonder o ; 
wondre j8 ; wondir S. 

3189*. \>e] that 7. deoluul] deolful B ; dulful a; doilful /3; delful 5. 

3190. ]>at] om. 5. is vou] now ys B5 ; nou is a ; nowe is j8 ; is nowe 7. 

3191. See Appendix, Note Q. 

3192. ysey] yseyb B; sey a; seen 0. hitokne\> ano\>er] bitokone]> 
a nojjer B ; nl bitokneJ> on oj^er a. ano\>cr] al anoj^er y3 ; al ano^ere 0. 

P 



22G THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hye nou |?ou noble due • ]'at ]>& batayle were ysmite- 
Vor king |?ou worst of brutayne • & ]>e maistrie bi 2ite- 
Vor |;e sterre bitoknej) ];e • & ];e fury dragon al so • 
pe lem J^at out of is mou]; • ouer france is ydo • 3196 
pat bitokne]? a chikl • J^at ]70u ssalt bi^ite ywis • 
pat ssal biiite france & o]?er londes • in j)e world such 

mon nis • 
pe lem J^at tyl]? westward • a dotter }?at is • 
pat ]?ou ssalt biUte • & lo ssal abbe sones ywis • 
[153] pat ssal ecli after o]?er • king of bruteine be • 3201 
Of som o]?er al in contek • & ]ns me ssal yse • 
pe noblemon of wam lie spac • j^at he ssolde biiite • 
pat was Ve king arj^ure • as je ssolle]? ywite • 
bellum ad Vter let al ]?is be • vor he ne leuede it nott anon • 
daukL '" ^ wende toward seint dauid • to mete wi]? is fon • 
pe o]:»er ^\ere of hom y war • & tarkede in hoi- side • 
Hor ost & let hom army wel • bataile uor to abide • 



3193. Hi/e] Hi)e a ; Ily^e 0. nou ^o(<] >ou noii a; J^ee J^oii /3. 

3194. king \>ou icorsQ \>e kynge Jjou schalt be $. ivorst of brutayne'] 
schalt of bretayn be S. hi yte'\ l>ou scbalt gete B ; sehal gete /8. 

3195. fury'] fur B ; furi a; fuire /3. 

3196. lem] leom B ; leome a. out] om. a/3 ; ys 5. ouer fr mice] 
that ouere france y. is] ^at was o/3 ; was y. 

3197. «] o a. 

3198. Vat ssal bi-^ite] pat sehal wynne B ; Schal wione france a ; 
That Wynne schal Fraunce fi ; Schal wynne fraunce 5. o]^er lo}ides] 
londes nio a$S. mon] man afi ; on 5. 

3199. Ve] V'at aP. lem] leome Ba ; leme /3. ////).] tylde B ; tilled a. 
a] o afi. 

3200. i>ou] hir jjou 5. bixite] bi^ute a. Sj- yo] and Bafi ; hat S. 
abbe soues] sones habbe a ; sones haue ;8 ; sonnes haue 5. 

3201. /dug] kyngys S. 

3202. Of] And of j8. 

3203. wam] wham a ; whom j3. he spac] he spek B ; we speke a/3. 
ssolele] wolde B. biyite] begete B ; bijete o. 

3204. ssolle\>] schul B^S ; scholle a. yicite] ywete /3. 

3205. vor] om. a)3S. nc leuede] lyued 5. 

3206. wiY] mid a. 

3207. hom] him aS ; hem B/3 ; hyiii y. ywar] war P ; ware y. yarkede] 
larkede hem B ; %arked fiist ; arayed hem 5. in] on a8. 

3208. Hor army] And lette arme here ost B. hom army] army 

hem /3. vor to] vort c. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 227 

Hii come & smite ]?is bataile • & vaste slowe to 

gTOunde • 
In ey]?er side moche folc • in a lutel stounde • 8210 
Kni^tes &5 o]?er folc • ac attelaste vre louerd J?02tc • victoria 
In is cristine folc • & ]>e maistrie horn brotte • 
Vor }?er was gynemon aslawe • king of yrlonde • 
&, })ascence vortigeres sone • ]>&t so moche poer adde 

an honde • 

• Vter ' fol. 52 b. 

(fe moche of hor folc wi}> horn • so ]'at vewe atten 
ende • 3215 

Aline ]>er of scapede • ]>at to ssij^e miite wende • 
&J so hii ssolde lerny • mid cristinemen to iiiie • 
Yor vre lonerd wole among is men • euere cu}»e J^e 

ri^te • 
To vter of is broJ>er de]? • |>er com word atte laste • 
After ]ns bataile he wende • to winchestre uaste • 3220 
Ac arst Avas ];e king ybured • ar he mitte come }?ere • [154] 
VVij'inne ]'e place of stonheng • |>at he let him sulf '.''^.^^ '"^ 
rere • 

3209. smite'] smote P. 

3210. fn] On a/3. hi r/] iu o ao ; with Inne a )3. /iilcl] lute Via; 
litel ;3 ; litill y. 

3211. ac] cm. BS. 

3212. In] Ou BI3. is] >e afi. 

3213. aslawe] yslawc B/3. /''«.'/] I'C kynjr B. 

3214. vortiyercs] vortigcrnes a ; fortigeres ^ ; forliger -y. so vwche] so 
gret B ; gret a/? ; grete 5. an lionde] in honde B ; on honde a^. 

3215. wi\>] mid a. so] om. a/35. rcwe] fowe B. atten] at l-an a; 
atte t>e /3 ; at the 7 ; at )>e 5. 

321G. of scapede] afscapede a ; ascliapede y3 ; aseapid 7. mi-^te] gan 5. 

3217. ssolde lerny] schulde lerne B: scliolde lurni a; lerne schulde B. 
cristinemen] crystendom j8. 

3218. vre louerd] oni* lord B ; iti'c a; Ihe /3 ; Itic 5. n-ole] wolde 5. 
me7i] folke y. cu\>e] ku)>e a; kij^e j3 ; luthe y ; cuyj>e 5. |>e] 
ys B ; his aySS. ri-!,te] my^teB ; myght 5. 

3220. vaste] fol faste o ; fid fast j3. 

3221. Ac] om. B; But 0. arst] first /3. was . . . r/biired] Jie, kynge 
was buryed P. ybured] jburyed B. ar] er Ba/8. 

3222. stonheixj] he stonheng B ; stonhenge a. him sulf] oni. B. 
rere] there y. 

p 2 



228 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Vor he let ]>en stede halwy • vor \fe gode cors j^at ]?er 



were 



leuacio 
saxonum 



kine- 



& bissopes & wur];e men • is bodi J^uder bere 
TTter after is broj^er de|? • ]>e croune to him nom 
& Jjoru ]?e heyemen of ]?is lond • aueng ];e 

dom • 
Of |?e dragon he vnderstod • j^at yseie was an hey • 
& of ]?at merlin adde ysed • & of sitte }>at me sey • 
dracones. Tueie riche dragons of golde • he let makye anon -3229 
At ]>e heye munstre of winchestre • he offrede J^at on • 
pe o]?er he let biuore him bere • in bataile wan he 

was • 
Me cluped him vter pendragon • ]?er after vor j^is cas • 
pat was vter dragon heued • »fe ]?at was to singnefie • 
pat merlin him clupede dragon • in is prophecye • 
Occe hengistes sone • ]>e hiper saxon • 8235 

& eose is cosin • hii ]70^te of treson • 



3223. \>eii'] \>e B ; J>aiie a ; Jjat ;SS, stede'] stude a. halwy'] halweB ; 
halewi o ; halowe )3S. gode cors] bodijes a ; bodies j8 ; corsses 5. 

3224. wuri>e] wor}n Ba ; olpere 13 ; worthye S. \>uder] t>ider B ; 
l>udere a. 

3226. \>e] om. a/3S. aueng \>e] fong Hs B; afeng Ms a; afonge )>is 13 ; 
he fenge J^e 5. 

3227. 1/seie loas] was iseyje o ; was yse ;3 ; seyn was 5. a7i hey] 
on heye B. 

3228. Sf ofshyte] of i-e sijte B ; & of t>e syt a ; & of J^e syjt j8 ; of l^e 
sjyt S. sey] seye B. 

3229. Tueie] To B ; Twei^e a; Two (85. riche] om. a/8S. makye] 
make B^S'; maki^e a; to peynte S. 

3230. At \>e heye] And at Jae B ; At )>e a5 ; To he ;3. munstre] myn- 
stre B ; uiynster /3 ; monastere 5. offrede] rerud vp S. 

3231. Ipe] pat B5. biuore] by forn /3. iva7i] whanne a. 

3232. cluped] clepede Ba ; callyd /3. \>er] om. 5. 

3233. dragon heued] dragoncs heued Ba ; dragons heede /S ; dragons 
hede S. singnefie] signifie By ; signefyje a ; signyfye /8. 

3234. him clupede] cleped him S. clupede] clepude B ; chpede a; 
calhd 0. in] on a)3. 

323.5. Occe] Otte B ; Occa ay ; Octa j8. hengistes] hengiste B. >c] 

Jpat B5. 
3236. /(// \>oyte] he J^ouU /3 ; hou^ten 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 229 

pe o]> ]>Sbt to king aureli • hii suore biuore • 

Hii ]?o^te ]fo he was ded • ]7at he were al uor lore • 

Hii J'o^te to do J?is lond • ssame to germayne hii sende 

lome . 3239 [i55] 

pat is a lond of alemaine • fram wan hii alle come • 
After more folc of hor kunde • so ]?at ]7er come ynowe • 
At scotlond hii bigonne • & vaste barnde & slowe • 
&; so ]?at toward eiierwik • ]>e contreye adoun caste • 
Hii bi segede euerwik • ]7o hii j^uder come vaste • 
pe king vter hurde her of • ]?uderward vaste he drou • bellam. 
To gadere hii come & smite • bataile strong ynou • 
Hii slowe & smite in eij^er side • ]?at rente it was to se« 
Atte laste ]?is saxons • bigonne vorto fle • 
& j^is brntons after • & slowe to grounde vaste • 
So ]?at some of scapede • vpe monteyns atte laste • 
& some in to tonnes • & it drou to niite • 3251 

So ]7at hii ne mitte noj^er • leng yse to fiite • 

3237. pe'] That 5. king] the kynge y ; om. S. Aureli'] Auryli B. 
suore] swere B. biuore] \>er bifore a/3. 

3238. Hii i>oyle] Hem Jjo^te B ; Ham Jjoute a; Hem |jou^t /85. he 
were] yt was B ; he was oy85. 

3239. to do] do a. (jermayne] germanye B ; germani^e a. lome'] 
ylome Bj8 ; ilome a. 

3240. a] om. B ; o a. o/] in Ba;35. alemaine] alymaine B ; 
Almayue )3 ; Almaine 5. ivan] warn B ; wha a ; whom /3 ; when S. 
hii] Ave /8. 

3241. more] om. 5. \>er come] ham com a ; hem come ^ ; thej-m come y ; 
to hem come 5. 

3242. vaste . . slowe] bamed & fast slou) 5. vaste barnde] fast brent j8. 

3243. so \>at] so for)> B ; so a5 ; om. ;8. contreye] contre B. adoun] 
doun /8. caste] )>ei caste Bj8 ; hi caste a ; >ey cast 5. 

3244. Hii] And B. 

3245. pe] po a. her of] >is a)3S. );>uderward] Jpcoderward a. 
drou] drow> B. 

3246. smite] smite \>o a ; smote ban /8 ; smyt'eu \)0 5. bataile] a 
batail B ; a bataile 5. 

3247. sloioe c^ smite] smyteu & slowe B. <.y smite] om. a/35. in] 
on a/3S. 

3248. \>is] Jje a;35. bigonne] \>o bygan 5. 

3250. of scapede] of hem ascapid /3 ; \>o ascaped 5. vpe"] ope a ; vpon (8. 
monteyns] moyntenes y. 

3251. in to tonnes] in townes /3. Sf it'] as it y. to ni-^te] to Jjc nytt P. 

3252. no\[>er] nou^t a;SS. ieny] longor B; Icuger /35. ys^] to se 7 ; se 0. 



230 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi. 53. • Vter ' 

couciliiira. & ]'Q brutoiis lioiii wij^clrowc' & j^e saxons bom reste • 
King vter nom is conseil • woch red were ]>e beste • 
Gorloys erl of coriiwaile • |mt wysost was iholde • 
& old & mest adde yseie • is red verst he toide • 
We mote he sede be hardy • & stalwarde & wyse • 
^if we wolle]; abbe vre lif • & holde vre franchise • 
Wexinge euere be]? vre fon • bi water & bi londe • 
& tif we abidep longe • we ne ssolle]? hom no^t at 
stonde • 3260 

[156] Nou hii be]? al onywar • hii wolle]? yswyke by daye • 
peruore I ne rede in no rnanere • ]ns nede leng delaye • 
We ssolle]? honi abbe al nor no^t • I ne rede no leng 

abyde • 
Vor hii be]? naked k> onywar • & ysprad Avydc • 

capclo hos- pis conseil was wel yhurd • hii heolede her to echon • 
Al by nitte hii wende uor]? • & so^te out hor fon • 



tiuin noctc. 



3254. 7tO!H'] tokej85. ivoch'] wat B ; which a; whiche ^. J>c] om. B. 

3255. Gorloijs'\ Corloys ^. 

3256. §• oW] 0111. /8. mest] most /3. addc yseie'] he haddc yseeii /3. 

3257. mote] moste 5. S^ stalwarde] staleworde a ; stalworhe B/3 ; 
stalward S. ivyse] eke wyse S. 

3258. wolle]>] Avol B/3. abbe] haue ;8. 

3259. Wexinge] Wexinde o. euere be\>] cuer Le]' B ; bii)' eueic a ; 
beii euer ^ ; bene euere y. water] watere a. 

3260. ^] J-"'at Ba,35. abide\>] bidej? a; bide /8. ne ssoUe\'] schal B; 
lie scholle a ; scluille /35. hom noyt] iiouit hem y3. atstonde] 
astoude 78. 

3261. hii be\>] he be)? B. woUe]^ ysuujlie] woUeu waxe yS; wil rest 5. 
by] J^ys S. 

3262. / ne] ich ne a ; 15. in no manere] nout a ; noii^t fi ; noght 5. 
\>is nede] J>is neodc a ]y]< vercdct P ; in J'is nede hat we 3. ^cny] 
leiigor B ; leiiger /85 

3263. ssolle^] schul B ; schuUe a ; schulle 0. al] now B5 ; noii a ; 
now^ j3. / 7ie] ich a; 1/35, 710 Icny] no lengor B ; uon leng a ; 
we no lenger j3 ; j^at we noght 5. 

3264. hii] he B. he])] buj? a; ben ^ ; bene y. Jiahcd] nakede «. 
onywar] vnwar j3. ysprad'] to spiad B ; to si)iad buh a ; alle to 
sprade ben /8 ; to sprad J^ey ben 5. 

3265. hii heolede her to] \>qv to hi huldc a ; J^er to )'ei helde ^ ; J^cr w' ]>cy 
heldc 5. heolede] hulde B. lier to] j^er to B. echo7i] 
euerychouc 5. 

3266. hii] he B. hor] bar 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 231 

Some hii foiinde ligge slepe • hii demayde horn anon • 
Some hom wolde army • ac wule nadde hii non • 
So |;at hii slowc |?ere • a pousend & mo • 
«fc nome octa & eose • J^at made al j^e wo • 3270 

& dude hom at londone in prison • & ]»at was to lywe 

sore • 
pat hii nadde hom aslawe • nor sorwe liii dude tut 

more • 
A tte festo of cstre j>o • ]>g king sende is sonde • febtum ion 

V)at hii come alle to londone • ])o heyemen of |ms 

londe • 
& ]7e leuedies also god • to is feste wide • 3275 

Vor he wolde croune here • vor ]'c heye tyde • 
Alle I'e noblemen of ]ns lond • to j^is feste come • 
& hor wiues & hor dottren • rnoni wij? hom nome • 
pis feste was noble ynou • & nobliche ydo • 
Vor mony was ]>e vayre leuedi • ]7at icome was )7er to • 

3267. ligge slepe] aslepe a;85. dcma>/de'\ demayede /3 ; demaydud 7. 

3268. army'] anne B. nadde] liadde ji; had 5. hii] be B. 

3269. hii] heo B. a] o a/3. 

3270. nome] nomen a; toke /85. octa] ocia 'Q ; occa a. made] 
Avrojte B ; wroujt 5. 

3271. ^- . . . . prison] At londoue in prisone ham dude a; At loudon iu 
Prison hem dede ;8 ; At Londoii in prison \>ey ham ded 5. ^y] 
om. o|85. to ryive] rew^e B. 

3272. nadde] ue hadde ;3. aslawe] yslawe B ; slayne 7 (& passim). 
sorwe hii] sorw ^ei B; he sorow )?at ]'ey S ; screw J^at \>ei /3. ytt] 
ora. ay35. 

3273. i>e] om. B. 

3274. come] comen B. heyemen] hey men B. \>is] \:>e a$S. 

3275. leuedies] lefdics a ; ladies y3 ; ladyes S. feste] noble test B ; 
noble feste 5. 

3276. ivolde] schulde B. croune] his croune 5. 

3277. \>is] t>e 5. \>is feste] \>q noble fest B. 

3278. wiues §• hor] wyues & o/3. do-)^tren] doutren a; douUreu $ ; 
dou^trys 5. moni wip hom] w' hem mony B ; mid ham mauite a ; 
with hem many /3 ; -w' hem manye )>ey 5. 

3279. noble ynou] noble & fair a; noble & faire /3 ; ful roysX 5. 
nobliche] uobleliche a. 

3280. mony was \>e] manije o a ; many a /85. leuedi] ledy B ; 
lefdi a ; lady ; ladye 5. \yat icome ivas] icome was a$ • was 
ycome 5. 



9:i^! 



THE CHROJslCLE OF 



[157] Igerne goiioyses W3''f • was vairost of echon • 3281 

Soi"sor- P^^ ^^^^ contasse of cornwayle • vor vairor nas J^er 
loys. non • 

amor regis, pe king bi liuld ire vaste ynou • & is herte up ire 
caste • 
& ]>oite ])ei io were wif • to do folie atte laste • 
He made ire semblant vair ynou • to non o]?er so 
gTet • 3285 

Iracomitis. pe crl nas no^t |?er wi]? ypayd • J>o he it vnder ^et • 
rccessiis After mete he nom is wif • mid stourdi mod ynou • 
comitis. ^ wij^oute leue of ]>g kinge • toward is contreye 

drou • 
iia regis, pe king sende to him ]to • to bileue al ni^t • 

Vor he moste of gret conseil • abbe som in si^t • 3290 



fol. 53 b. 



. Vter . 

pat was vor noit nokle he no^t • J^e king sende ^ut 

is sonde • 
pat he Avere at is parlement • vor neode of ])e londe • 



vairost'] fairest «;8. 



echo7i'] 



3281. gorloyses] gorlojs B/3. 
euorechonc ^ ; euerychoue 7S. 

3282. vor vairor] for so fair B ; so fair a ; so faire /8 ; so fayre S. nas 
>er] >er nas a ; her was /8 ; was >er 5. 

3283. vaste ynou] juriie a; ^crue S; longe y8. up] on B; op a; 
•vpon /3. 

3284. \)ei] ]pay B ; Jjou) /85 ; thof7. yo] heo Ba; sche /85j she 7. 
wif] a wyfe 5. to do folie] to foli^c a ; to folye /3. 

3285. ire] ora. fi. 

3280. 7:as] was iSS. J)cr ivi];>] J>er mid a. vpuyd] ypayed B ; 

wel payed 5 ; apayd ;8 ; apayed 7. 

3287. n(/»j] nome 5 ; toke )3. mod] med B. 

3288. cS J om. a/8, toward] to B ; towardes 8. contreye] contrei B. 
drou] he drou a; he drou) /3. 

3289. \>o] J^an /3 ; thaune 7. to] for to /3. 

3290. of] in a/S. siyt] his sy)t ;8. 

3291. ?to/f/c he noyt] he nolde a;85. \>e king sende yul] ^ut >c king 
sende a ; jit Jjc kynge sent ^ ; jyt l^e kynge send 5. 

3292. lucre] by leuede B ; bilefde a ; byleued &. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 283 

pe king was ]>o he nolde no^t • anguisous & wro]? • 
Yor ]>e despit he wolde be • awreke he siior is oj> • 
Bote he come to amendement • is poer attelaste • pcisecusio 

reffis. 

He tarkede & wende uor]? • to cornwayle uaste • 

Goiioys is castles • astorede uaste aboute • 

In a strong castel he dude is wif • vor of hire Avas al 

is doute • 
In ano]?er him sulf he was • vor he nolde no^t • [i58] 

^if cas come ]>at hii were • bo]?e to dope ibrott • 3300 
pe castel |?at ]?e erl inne was • |7e king bisegede uaste • obsessio 
Vor he imite is ginnes • vor ssame to J>en o];er caste • ^°^^ ^^' 
po he was j?ere seueniit • he ne spedde nott • 
Igerne |?e contesse • so moche was in is ]?o^t • 
pat he nuste non o)?er Avit • ne he ne mi^te uor reueiacio* 

ssame • 
Telle it bote a priue knitt • vlfin was is name • 
pat he truste mest to • & ]>o ]>e kniit hurde ]ns 
Sire he sede I ne can wite • wat red her of is • 



3305 P^'"P°*^'' 



3293. teas J>o] J>o he saw S ; was when ; was whanne y. anyuisous} 
anguysche /3 ; anguyssh y ; was angwyschous S. 

3294. l?e] om. BajS. be awreke'] awreke be B. 

3295. he] om. a. 

3296. ^arkede Sf ivende] arayecl & weut 5. to] toward 5. uaste] 
ryjt fast j3 ; at J^e laste a. 

3297. astorede uaste] a store al B. 

3298. a] om. o^. dude] sette 5. vor of hire] for her 5. 

3299. ano]f>er] on o]>er a ; one o>>er /3. vor] for J^at 0. nolde] 
wolde j85. 

3300. bo]}e to de\)e] to dej^e boj^e afi ; to \>q deth boj^e 6. ibro^t] 
ybrout a ; broujt /3 ; ybrought y. 

3302. ?uiyte .... ssame] ne myte nout for schame ginnes a ; ne my^t 
nou^t for schame gynnes /3 ; myght noght for schame Gynnys 5. 
to ];>en oi>er] to J?e oj^er BmS ; jper to ;3. 

3303. he ne spedde] and he spedde B ; him ne sped a ; he spedde ryght S. 

3304. i?i] on a/3. 

3305. ne he 7ie] he ne aj8 ; and he ne S. miyte] my^te nou)ta; my^t 
noujt 0. 

3306. bote] bote to o ; but to j8 ; hot to S. a] o 6. 

3307. truste] triste a. mest] most /3 ; nieche 5. hurde] ihm'de a; 
yharde )3. 

330S. wite] om. a/35. wat] no a/S5 ; ne y. is] ywis a ; I wis /3. 



* MS. retcuaci'o. 



234 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor ]>e castel is so strong • |>at |?e leuedi is Inne • 
pat ich wene al jns lond • mid strengj^e ne ssolde it 
winne • 3310 

Vor ]:»e se ge|? al aboute • & entreie bote on |;er nis • 
& |mt is vpe harde roches • & so nare wey it is • 
pat ]yev nc may go on & on • |7at ]>re men wijnnne • 
Miite sle al |?at lond • ar liii come ]7er Inne • 
& no2t for l^an lif merlin • at ]n conseil were • 3315 
^if eni mitte he couj^e • ]>e beste red ]>e lere • 
concilium Merlin was sone of send • ysed it was him sone • 
^"^ ^°'' pat he wolde ]?e beste red • segge wat were to done • 
Merlin was sori ynou • vor J?e hinges folye • 
& na]?eles sire king he sede • her mot to maistrie • 3320 
[159] pe erl a]? tueie men him next • briithoel & Jordan • 

IchoUe make ]n sulue tif ]7ou wolt • jwru art ]>at ich can • 
Abbe al ]>e fourme of ];e erl • as ]70u were purliche he • 
& vlfin as Jordan • & as bri;thohel me • 



3309. ha/] here 5. leuedi] lady 1113 ; Icfdi a. 

3310. pat] For B. h«s] he B5. mid strcng\>e nc ssolde it] ne 
schulde yt myd strenghe B ; ne scholde w' strengthe it 5 ; ne scholde 
him a; ne schulde him /3. iviiute] iwinne aj8. 

3311. gei>] goth hit 5. ^- entreie bote 07i] bute entre on B ; & eutre 
bote on a. §•] om. 5. \yer nis] there is y. 

3312. )^>at is] om. afiS. vpe] vp on B/8; oppou a ; vp 5. so nare 
ivey it] he wey so nareu a ; he 'vvey so narowe /3. nare'] narw B ; 
uarow 5. 

3313. ne may yo] may go bote B ; ne mai go bote a ; ne -may go but /3 ; 
may go bot 5. h''fi] her fi ; there y. 

3314. \>at] he B5. hii] there y. 

3315. at] of S. 

3316. red \>e lere] rede & Icre a^5. 

3317. sone of send] ho afsend a; han sent fore fi ; sone after ysent 5. 
ysed] Si, saide fi ; & yseyd 5. 

3318. ivolde] schulde B ; scholde aS ; schulde ^eue /3. seyge] om. j8. 

3320. if] Ac a ; But /3. her mot to] here to mote /8. 

3321. hri-ythoel] bry^thowel a/8 ; Bryghtwel 5. 

3322. Icholle] Ich wol B ; Ich wole o ; I wole ^ ; I wil 5. make] om. aj83. 

3323. Abbe al he] IMakije he habbe a ; Make hee haue /8 ; Make thee y ; 
Make he haue he 5. purliche he] a. ; purliche A ; pureliche he j8 ; 
ry^t he B ; priueliche 5. 

8324. t^] om. afi. vlfin] olfyn B. §- as] & 5. briythoel] 

brithoel B ; bry^thowel afi ; Bryghtwel 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTEE. 235 

pis art was al cleiie ydo • j^at ychanged hii were • mutacio 

Hii ]>Ye in j^e oj^eres fourme • horn sulue as it were • 
Aten eue hii wende vor]? • nuste no mon ]7at cas • 
To j^e castel hii come ari^t • as it eue was • 

. Vter . f«l- •'^•*- 

pe porter ysei is louerd come • & is mest priue tueye • Intracio 
Wu]? god herte he let is louerd in • & is serians 

beye • 3330 

pe contasse was glad ynou • J'o hire louerd to hire 

com • 
&- hor ei]?er in o]?er armes • mid gret ioye hom noni • 
& l»o hii to bedde come • l?at so longe atuo Avere • Generacio 

' aithuri. 

Bituene hom was so gret delit • |'at bituene hom |;ere • 
Bitite was J^e beste bodi • ]mt euere was in ]?is londe • 
King arthure ])e noble mon • j^at euere wor]? vnder- 

stonde • 333 G 

po \>e kinges men nuste amorwe • were )?e king was 

bicome • 

Hii verde as wodemen • hii wende hii were ynome • lusuhacio 

•^ castri. 

3325. ychanged'] al chauget B ; chaungyd /3. hii'] he B. 

3326. ]>e] ova. 5. o);>eres fourme] oj^eres formes a; ojjcro fourmes B, 
hom sulue] ]>e .selue B ; hii sulue a ; J>cy hem self 5. as] at B. it] \>ey S. 

3327. eue] euen B/8 ; euene 5. hii] he B. niiste] wist |8 ; J^er wyst 5. 

3328. ari-^t] ryjt B/3 ; ri^t a ; ryght 5. eue] euene B8. 

3329. ysei] yse B; sei a; saw^ j8 ; sawe y. mcst priue luei/e] meste 
priuey twei B ; mest priues twelve a; two priue men also /3. tueye] 
men tweyne 5. 

3330. Wu\> god] ]\Iid gode a. is ioucrd] ys lord B ; ham a; him /3 ; 
hem 5. Sf is serians] & ys men B ; & Jse serians a ; & his scruauntes $ ; 
hym & J^e seriantus 5. l^eye] bei^e a • two P ; beyne 5. 

3331. to hire] om. ai35. 

3332. hor eii>er ill o];>er] ey^er o^er in here B ; hare ey}?er o^er a; eij'er 
oJ>er in ^ ; eij^er in otjeres 5. hom] om. Bc.j35. 

3333. §•] om. Bo^5. atuo] atwynnc 5. 

3334. Bituene] AVith B. 

333.5. \>e] J>at a. ]vs] om. aj3. 

3336. wor\>] was 0. vndcrstonde] I vnderstonde ;35. 

3337. po] om. a/35. nuste] uyst ^. rccre] wer B ; whar a ; 
where /35. Ye king] he B. was] om. o. 

3338. verde] ferden o/3. hii wende] and wende B. hii were] he 
were Ba/3 ; he had be 5. ynome] uome 5. 



286 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii asaylecle pen castel • ri^t as he ssolde adoiin 
anon • 
Occisio Hii ]7at wi]7inne were • tarkede horn echon • 3340 

comitis. ^ smite out in an fole wille • «& foite wi]' hor fon • 
So ]?at ]?e erl was aslawe • & of is men monion • 
[ICO] & j)e castel was ynome • & j^at folc to sprad ]7ere • 

^ute ]>o hii adde al ydo • hii ne founde no2t ]>e king 
]?ere • 
Nunciacio pe tyding to ]?e contasse • sone was ycome •" 3345 

coniitisse. p^^^ \iQYQ louerd was aslawe • & ]?e castel ynome • 
Ac ]>o ]fe message!' ysey • ]?an eii as him ]70^te • 
pat he adde so foule ilowe • wel sore him of ]?otte • 
pe contasse made somdel del • for no soJ>nesse 4e 
nuste • 
blanclicio pe king vor to gladye hire • biclupte hire & kuste • 
legib. Dame he sede ne sikstou wel • J^at les it is al J^is • 

Ne sixtou wel icham aliue • icholle segge hou it 
is . 3352 



3339. asaylede] asaileden B. \>en^ J>ane a; J>e B ; t-at 5 ; })an J^e /3. 
rhyf] om. Ba;8S. he] yt B ; hit 8. 

3340. yarkedc\ arayed 8. 

3341. smite] smiten aj8. an fole] a fole B; o foul ayS; a foule 8, 
wille] wil a. foyte] fou^ten 87. ivi\>] mid a. 

3342. aslaive] >ere yslayne 8. of] om. a;38. 

3343. ynome] ywonue )3. ^at] \>q B5. Jjere] were a^. 

3344. hii ne] ne a. ne] om. )38. no'^t \>e hiny] J>e king nout a ; J>e 
kynge uoujt j3. 

3345. tydiny] tij>inge a; ti>iuges /3 ; ty)?yngs 6. contasse] compas B. 
ycome] ynome B. 

3347. \}o] om. aP. messaycr] messinger B. U^cy] liym sey B ; 
ysawe ;3. \>an] \>e JialS. 

3348. wel] ful B; ry^t /3. him] hit him a^. o/J^oj^e] of ^joute a; 
ajjoujt i88. 

3349. 7nade] sche made /3. y] heo Ba; sche /3S. 7iusie] 
nyste ;3. 

3350. gladye] glade B;3 ; gladi^e a ; gladde 7. biclupte hire] biclupte 
faire o ; byclypt faire /3 ; byclipte hir faire 7. 

3351. ne] no B. sikstoii loel] sixt I^ou wel B ; sucst J'OU nout a ; 
seist )>oii not /3 ; seest J>ou noght 8. 

3352. Nc sixtou ivel] Ne wost Jjou wel B ; Ne siixt >ou wel a; Ne seist 
i>o\\ nou^t wel /3 ; Seest J>ou noght wel 8. atiuc] olyue B. icholle] 
ich wole \>e B. seyye] telle }?ee 0. 



KOKERT OF GLOITCESTEE. 237 

Out of J>e castel stilleliche • ich wencle in priuete • 
pat none of mine men it nuste • vor to speke wij? 

& ]>o hii myste me to day • & nuste Avar ich was • 
Hii verde ichot as gydie men • mid wan no red nas • 
& fotte wip ]>e folc wi)?onte • & abbe|> in j^isse ma- 

nere • 
Ilore |>en castel & hom siilue • ac wel ]70u Avost icham 

here • 
Ac vor mi castel j^at is jdore • sori ich am ynou • [ici] 

& for mine men J^at ]>e king • tfo is poer slou • 3360 
Ac onre poer is nou to lute • j^er fore ich drede 

sore • 
Leste ]?e king vs nime here • & sorAve ]?at were 

more • 
perfore icholle hou so it be • Avende aten ]>e kinge • 
& make my pays Avi]? him • ar he to ssame vs bringe • 



3353. m] al in B. 

3354. 7)07ie] om. j8. ?«e«] om. afid. ?iuste'] wist /3S. loi])^ mid a. 

3355. 7)iyste me'] me m3"st y. iiiiste'] nyst /8. wai-'] wer B ; 
whar a. 

3356. verde'] ferden Ba ; ferde /3. icJiot^ ri^t B; om. afiS. tvaii'] 
wam B ; wham a ; whom S. 

3357. foyte] foujten aj3. ?m>] mid a. \)e] Jjano ; \>at /3. folc] 
om. /8. wi\>oute] i>er oute a/3 ; other oute y. ahhe]> in~] habbej> 
on a ; ha\> on B. \>isseP^ J^is Ba. 

3358. Ilore] Host 3. \>eii] >e B ; Jjane a ; J?at /8. wel \>ou wost] 
)50u siixt wel a ; Jjou seist wel j3 ; J>ou seest wel 5 ; thou seest wel 
that y. 

3359. mi castel \>at] \>e castel a/S ; Jpat Jje Castel S. ylore] for lore oj85. 
sort] sore /3. son t'cA am] sore am I /3 ; sorow I haue S. 

3360. mine] \>& a/38. s/om] aslou o ; so slouj j3. 

3361. OMyc] my B. to lute] lute a ; litel /3 ; lyte S. sore] me 
sore S. 

3362. Leste] Last a. I'S »u'»it'] vs take /8 ; take vs 75. Sf] oure 5. 
)>at were] J^at we were B ; were S. ?yiore] jut more a ; lit more /3 ; 
jit >e more 5. 

3363. J>e] to \>e S. 

3364. jHa/i'e my pays] mi pays makije a ; my pees make /35. ar] or /Q 
(& passim). to ssame vs] vs to schame a/SS ; vs to schame vs B. 



2'6H THE CHRONICLE OF 

For}? he wende & het ]'e men • tif j^at jje king come' 
pat hii ssolde him |?e castel lelde • ar he wi|? strengj^e 
him nome • 30G0 

54 b. • Vtcr • 

po he com toward is men • is owe fourme he nom • 
& bileuede ];e erles fourme • & ]?e king vter bi com • 
Sore him of j'o^te ]?e erles de]? • ac in o]>er hahie he 

founde • 
loye in is herte nor ]>e contasse • of sponshod was 

vnbnnde • 8370 

po he adde ditt al ]'at he wokle • & ypaised wi)> is 

fon • 
To J?e kontasse he wende a^en • me let him in anon • 
Wat halt it to telle longe • bote hii were su]?]?e aton • 
In gret lone longe jniou • wan it nolde oj^er gon • 
& adde to gadere |?is noljle sone • j'at in ]>e Avorld is 

per nas • 3375 

pe king arthnr • & an dotter • anne her name was • 
[1C2] r^cte & eose • |?is luj^er saxo^mes tueie • 

In prison were in londone • as ich 2ou tolde beye • 



336.5. Fo)-]}] For/S. het'] Lad ;3. N'] ys B ; his ;35. y/k'O M 

-,ef B ; that if y. 
33GC. hii . . . -ycldc] i>ey hhn J^e Castel ^olde 5. him] oni. a;3. jpe] 

l^ane a ■ J^at /8. wi];>'] mid a. hiiii] it By ; hit /3. 

33G8. bileuede] Icuede B ; hilefde a. 
33G9. Sore him of \>oxte] Sori (Sory j3) he was for a/3 ; Sorye he was 

fore 5. erics] Krle ys 5. oj^e;] \ie o]>ev /3. halue] half Ba;3. 

3370. m is herte] om. a;S5. iiar] for j^at 5. spoushod] spoushed B 
spousehede i8. 

3371. di-yt . . . wolde] what he wolde idiit a/3. diyl al] oni. B. 
7/paised] paysed B. ?<">] mid a. 

3373. halt] schiild /3. to telle lonye] longe to telle a^o. hii were 
s?<t))j<?] sejjj'e hi were a; sil^e hei were 13. at<m] at on o ; at one 13. 

3374. nolde] wolde none 13 ; wolde non 5. 

3375. \>at] om. a&S. 

3370. \^c] om. a;85. arthur] artiire B. a7i] o a/35; a By. 

3377. Oc<(;] Occa a/3. \>is] J>e a/35. /^J^er] lu}>re a. sa,ro//Hes] 
saxoncs B ; saxoiis a. /upi'e] tweyne 5 ; }>at were J>o )3. 

3378. in] at Ba/35. /oA/c] telle 5. bej/e] beyne 5 ; bo|> tuo P. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 230 

Mid hor wardein hii speke so • ]nit hov wardein & hii 



ywys 



fuga octe 
& eose a 
Flowe in to germaynio • ];at in alymaync is • 3380 carcere. 

& gret poer gaderede • of saxons ];er • 

^ut it adde betere ybe • ]?at me adde yslawe horn er • 

In scotlond hii ariuede • &5 worrede vaste • reuenUis 

& barnde & slowe to grounde • & tonnes adoun caste • l^orum m 

, , .. . scocia. 

pe king lay ]?o sore syk • hii were glad nor J'is cas • lauo-uoi- 
An erl ])er was of leicestre • lot is name was • 3386 I'^g^ & 
pat stalwarj^e kni^t was & god • ])e king l)i tok him comitis. 

is mitte • 
& ])e poer of ]>is lond • wi|? ])e he};ene men to litte • 
Also anne is dotter • he 2ef him to wine • 
pis noble erl wi)? j?e brntons • a;en is fon wende 

bline • ' 3390 

& euere naste slon • & ];e he]>ene al so god • 



3379. wardehi] wardeioe a; warcleyncs B; vrardeius S. spcke'] 
spekon B ; spake /8. so'] om. S. Jior u-ardein 8f hii~\ \)i''i bop B ; 
he & hi a ; he & \>e\ fi. wardein'] wardeins 5. 

3380. Flowe] Flowcu a^S. in to] vn to 5. yermai/7iie] germaniie a. 
alymcnpie] alemayne a ; Alinaync /3. 

3381. grvf] grete B. of] of ^e 5. jvi] alondel?era; in hat londe 
here /8. 

3382. it] hem 5. me . . . horn er] hi liadde beo slaweu er a ; ]>ci hadde 
hen slaya ere ^ ; hey hadde be slawen ere 5. 

3383. worrede] werreden B ; worrede euere a : wened her /3. 

3384. barnde] brent her ;3, sloice to grounde] .slow; fast 5. shnce] 
slow B;8. 

3385. }vs] hat B;8 ; he aS. 

3386. An] On a ; One 13. leicestre] lejcetre B. 

3387. \>at] & a/3 ; om. 5. slalwor\>e] strong B. yod] boldey. hi 
tok him] hym by tok B ; tok him a ; to him /3 ; him toke 5. 

3388. h's lond^ engelond a ; Englonde ;8. \>is] his 5. wi\> . . . to] 
mid ham forio a ; with hem for to /8S. he\>ene] hehe B. 

3389. enme is do-'yter] anne is do)ter is dojter A ; ys do;ter anne B ; 
anne his douter a. to] to hys B5. 

3390. 'pis noble] & he «;S ; And hys 5. «;<> he brulons] mid ho brutons 
a; w* hretofis 5. ayn . . . wende] ajenst ham wende a ; azenst 
hem went /8 ; went a^eynst hem 5. wende bliue] wente biliue B. 

3391. euere uastc slou] fa^t and sIoav faste B ; fouUe & slowe ftiste 
(fast |8") here fon (fone ;8) a/3 ; fowght Sc slou^ fast ynow, 5. 



240 



THE CHRONICILE OF 



superbia 
brutonum. 



[163] 



Duccio 
regis in 
feretro. 



Ac naj/^eles |?e liepen folc • vaste a^en stod • 

Vor ];e brutons nolde uor prute • after ]7e erl do • 

Vor he nas nott king & ]?eruore • J^e worse hom com 

to. 
po ]>e tydinge com to ]^e king • J^at hom so febliche 

spedde • 3395 

He was so sori & so wro]? • j^at he ney awedde ■ 
Biuore him he let bringe is men • & bigan hom vaste 

blame • 
pat hii vor hor prute • bro^te ]?e lond to ssame ♦ 
puder he sede he wolde him sulf • ]7ei he ne mi^te 

an fot go • 
tif eny horsbere him wolde here • to awreke him of 
-^ is fo . 3400 

Mid ffode wille he wende uorb • in an hors here • 
& is folc vor]7 wi); him • ];at he baldere vor him were • 
pe saxons were so proute vor ];e king com so • 
pat vnne]?e hii wolde • armes on hom do • 



3392. he\>en] he>ene Ba. vaste'] faster B ; fastore a ; faster yS. 
ayen] a^en ham a ; ajeyu hem ^. 

3393. Vor'] om. 5. hrutons] bretous 5. nolde uor prute] iov \^viAe 
nolde y. noUle] wol noght 5. prute] prude B ; pride ;8 ; pruyd S. 
erl] Erles wille j8. 

3394. Vor] Vor >at a ; For J^at j85. nas] ne was /8 ; was 5. 8f 
]>eruore] om. aj35. hom com] come hem S. 

3395. po] om. aj35. tydinye] tlj^ing B ; tij>inge a ; ti>iuges ; tyj>ynges 5. 
to i>e] to y. horn so febliche] heo so febliche B ; ham so viiele a. ; 
J>ei euyl |8 ; J>ey so euyl 5. 

3396. he ney awedde] his hert to dej> ney bledde ^. 

3397. Biuore] By forn /3. bicjanr] gan S. 

3398. prute] prude B ; pryde j3. bro-^te] bronge y. he] >is B ; J^at aj8. 

3399. \iudcr] peoder a. he sede he luolde] he wolde he seyde y. J^e/] 
>ai B. mixte] my to a (sic). an fot] o fote a ; on fote B;8 ; a fote S. 
go] gou a ; gone 0. 

3400. eny] ony /3. liorsbere] horse beer /3 ; hors 5. him wolde] 
wolde hym B ; wolde him S. awreke] Avreke B. of] on yS. fo] 
fon o ; fone )8. 

3401. gode] god B. in a7i] in one a^ ; on one y ; on an S. 

3402. \>at he] J>at J>e B ; ^e a;3 ; }jat J^ey ^e S. baldere] balder B ; 
baldorea; bolder ;8S, tvere] hi were a; Jjei were )8. 

3403. proute] prowde B;3. vor] t>at B. 
3401. armcs] liruicre 5. oti] vpon P. 



ROBERT OF OLOUCESTER. 241 



fol. 55. 

. Vter ' 

Vor him hii sede it were ssame • pat we yliarmed 
were • 3405 

Nis he more }>an half ded • ylad in an here • 
pe king sette up is herte hey • & ordeined is folc bellum. 

uaste • 
pe saxons he asaylede • & to grounde hom caste • 
So |?at sone dawes • hom of J^o^te hor prute • Occlsio 

pat hii of ]>e noble mon • ]>e king tolde so lute • 3410 saxonuuu ^ 
Vor ]>ev was octe aslawe • & is cosin eose al so • 
&; so it adde ybe betere • ]7at me adde er ydo • 
pe saxons |?at mi^te fie • bigonne to fle uaste • 
pus |?e samdede king • cou]?e hom agaste • 
Lo he sede hii clupede me • samdede king some • 8415 
& tut ichabbe leuere samded • hom ouercome • 
pan hoi & sound • be ouercome • & leuere al so me is • 
Vor to deye myd honour • ]?an libbe in ssame ywys • 



3405. him'] om. B ; hem 5. y harmed] yarmed Ba;8 ; armed yS. 

3406. Nis he] Nis he bote a ; Is he but $ ; Is he noght 5. 7)iore ]pan 
half ded] an half dedman a ; an half dede man ;8. /?* a7i here] in on 
horsbere a ; on one horse here 0. 

3407. hey] an hey o; an hye 0; on bye 7. ordeined] ordeine a. 
folc] men B5 ; ost afi. 

3408. he] Bafi ; him A (altered to hi) ; \>ey 5. asaylede] assayled 5. 
hom] om. B. caste] slo^re & caste a; slou) & cast ;8 ; slouj fiist 5. 

3409. dawes] daises a ; dayes BS. of Jjoj^e] of J^oute a ; a)50U) $ ; 
athoughte y. 

3410. hii] om. $. \>e noble mon] B ; \>e noblemen A ; \>e noble man S; 
nobleman a ; so noble man fi, tolde] tolden a ; J^ei told en y2. lute] 
lite y. 

3411. \>er was octc] Octa -was l^er o ; Occa was fjere /3. octe] otte B. 
aslaice] yslawe By. eose] oese B. 

3412. ybe betere] be beter B ; betere ibeo a; better ybe /3; be better 5. 

3413. bigonne] gonne a/3. 

3414. samdede] same dede B; half ded /3. agaste] so agast 5. 

3415. clupede'] callyd /3. samdede] ]?e samdede a ; }>e half ded /8. 

3416. ichabbe] haue I 5 ; I hadde j8. samded] half ded /S. 
3418. I>a7i] J-anno a. ssa?ne] chame a. 

Q 




242 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[164] pe saxons were ]>o oiiercome • ac liii ne bileuede tut 

nott • 
Hor ssrewhede ac to wroj^erhele • were hii to dej^e 

ybro^t . 3420 

Yor hor ost euere wax • ]>ev come euere mo & mo • 
Bo}>e by este & by nor]?e • hii dude wel muche wo • 
pe king wolde aten hom wende • ac he ne moste uor 

is conseil • 
Vor ]?e feblore he was • vor ];e eror trauail • 
pe saxons hom adde ymad • in )>is lond ywis • 8425 
Kinges in ]?re stede • ]?at al to on ycome ys • 
Hengist was verst king • in kent • & elle in sou]?sex • 
Aduentus & su]?]7e last was certik • king of west sex • 
certik & Yqj. |-^g ^ kenryk is sone • com vp at 2arnemou|?e • 

& su]>|;e a gret due • j^at het port • com vp at portes- 

mou]7e . 3430 

Hit ^it^as as In ];e ter of grace • |?at god was ybore 

ich wene • 
pat certyk com verst four hondred ^er • &i four score 

& tene • 



wcl muche] muchel B ; ryU 

moste'] n\y^i fi. 
febler p. ' he] wel he Ba ; 



3419. ne bileuede] ne leuede B ; ue lefde a ; ne leuyd yS ; beleuyd 5. 

3420. ssrewhede] schrewede dede B ; schi-ewede a ; schrewdnesse S. 
wro))erhcle'] wro)>e hele B. to] })0 to a ; J>an to )3. 

3421. wax] waxt 5. \>er] hem BS. 

3422. Bo\^e'] om. a^i. S^•] Si, eke u/S. 
muche /8. 

3423. ac lie] and a; & he j8. ne] no B 

3424. \>c] wel J>e 5. feblore] feblor B 
muche he /8. croi-] o^er B ; rajjere o5 ; raj^er /8. 

3425. ho7n adde] had hem 5. 

3426. stede] studes Ba; stedes 13 • stedys 5. al] om. a/3. i/come] 
yeomen B ; icome nou a ; now ycome ft. 

3427. verst] om. afi. in kent] of keng B. elle] BaySS ; eke A. 

3428. last was] alas was o; alias was /8; was last S. certyk] Cortyk^S; 
kynge Cortyk 7. 

3429. Vor] And 7. he 8f kenryk] he & henrik a ; hcuryk $. com] 
comen a. yartiemou\}e] jermouthe 8, 

8430. a] a. f/ret] om. B. het] hatte B. 

3431. as] oni. a/3. )>c] om. B. ybore] bore B. 

3432. certyk] Cortyk j8. rerst] om. aj8. jer] om. aft 
$core] fom* score jcr o ; foiue score jeer ft. 



Si'four 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 243 

King he was of westsex • & is of spring al so • 

& atte laste jnilke kunde • alle ];e oj^ere wan ])er to • 

Vor port ];ulke grete due • com vp her bi soiij'e • vocacio 

Me clupe)? it ]>er he iierst com up • after liiiii portes- n°ouj>e'. 

moul^e . 343G 

pus were in worre & in wo • ymeng J>e saxons • fifi^] 

Some tyme iboue & some bine]?e • her mj'd |;e bru- 

tons < 
Ac al aboue neuere liii nere • ar after ]>e king ar);ure • 
Ac su)?j?e liii wonne al clene out • as le ssulle after 

yhure • 3440 

Vter ]>e gode king • of wan we speke biuore • 
Was feble after })at he was • in ])e hors bere ybore • 

. Vter • Arthure • fol. ss h 

pat he moste vor feblesse • nede holde him stille • 

per uore ]>e \u]>ev saxons • so moche adde hor wille • 

& lute ]?o hii ne mitte him sle • hii |?otte wi)? tray- Toxic [ac]io 

son . 3445 ^'^'• 

In some manere him bringc of Hue • o]?er wi]; po}^- 

son • 



3433. of spring'] ofspreng a. 

3434. alle \>e o)>ere wari] wau alle t>e o^ere 5. \>e o\>ere'\ the tother 7. 

3436. Me clupe)>'] Me clepejj a; Men calli|5 ;8; Men calle 7. //] 
om. 5. 

3437. were] were heo B. worre~\ werre Ba;3. in] om B. j/iiiniy] 
ymenged B ; iraengd a ; ymengyd /35. 

3438. &i' some] & some tyme B^ ; somtyme 5. 

3439. neuere hii nere] nere hi neuere a ; were Jjei neuer ;8 ; -were \>ey 
neuer 5. 

3440. Ac su\>])e] & seW^e a; And sithe j3; Bot than 5. ssulle] solle B. 
after] here aftur B ; here after 5 ; om. ajS. i/fiure] hure B. 

3441. wan] wham a ; whom )3. 

3442. Was] Wer}? a ; AYorthe 13 ; Wonder 7. )>«/] om. j8. 

3443. feblesse] feblenesse /35. 

3444. so inoche adde lior] hadde al hare (here /3) afi. 

3445. wi\>] wyt B ; mid a. 

3446. him hringe] bringe a ; hrynge him 5. of Hue] alyue /S. wi\>] 
mid a. 

Q 2 



244 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii sencle hor felle messagers • in pouere manne 

wede • 
pat at doles in j^e court • mete w'ip oj^ere bede • 
Hii aspyede in J^e court • oueral of ];inges alle • 
fous. So ]>at hii vnder ^ete • a welle ney ]>e halle • 3450 

Of wan ]>e king ofte dronk • uor lie ne drone in such 

cas • 
Lute ]?ing bote )?er of • vor ]?at water so cold was • 
Wanne he drone ek eni wyn • ]?er among it was ydo • 
& me made metes in |?e court • mid ]?ulke water al so • 
[166] po ]>e traytors it vnderiete • hii enuenimed wi|?inne • 
pe welle aboute in eche stude • mid hor lu]?er gynne • 
Toxic [ac]io pat ]?et water ]7at ]?er of com • poyson was wel strong • 
r"igis. p^ king was sone apoisoned • ]>o he J'er of drong • 

& mo ]?an an hondred of is men • ar me wuste wer of 

it com • 
Moche ssame were hii wor]?e • ]?at do]? such suike- 
dom . 3460 



3447. setide'] sent P. hor'] om. ajS. felle] feble B ; fele a ; many j8. 
manne] monne B ; mannes /8 ; mennus S. 

3448. mete] her mete B7S ; hare mete a ; here mete ;8. iui\>] mid a. 

3449. aspyede] aspyed B; aspyde a. of\>inges] of eche binges a/S. 
34.50. vnder yete] vnderstode )S ; vndirstode S. a] an B ; one a/3. 

3451. wan] wat B; wham o; -whom P; water Jjat 5. o/te dronk] of 
dronke j3 ; dronk of 5. ne] om. aP. in] on aj8, 

3452. Lute ]f>inff] Lutyl o^er J>yng B ; Lute o]>er Jnng a ; Litel oj^er >inge i8 ; 
hot lytil olpev drynk S. \>at] \>c B/8. zvater] wadyr B. 

3453. Wannc] And whan )-.at 5. ck eni] ckj-n B. ek] om. I3S. 
it] om. a^. 

3454. mid] of oj8. 

3455. l^e] \>ese S. vnder^eie] vnderstode j85. enuenimed] 
envenymede a, wi]>inne] hit w'ynne 5. 

3456. aboute] om. 5. stude] syde B. lu]}er] luj^ere a. 

3457. J^e^] ])Q B5 ; om. a0. ivel] ry^t /3. 

3458. sone] wel sone 5. apoisoned] apoysoud B. drong] drone B ; 
dronk a ; dronke S ; dcde fonge j8 ; fonge y. 

3459. mo \>an] om. a^. an] on a. wuste] wiste a; wist S. 
wer of] how S. 

3460. wor)>e] worpy fi. do\>] dude a; dide ;8. suikedom] 
wyckedome S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 245 

So]? him sede meiiyn er • j?at he ssolde ];oru poyson deye- 

pe heye men of ]?e lond • ])o hii j^is de]? iseye • 

Del &; sorwe hii made ynoii • & ]>o per nas non o|7er 

red • 
Hii lete him burye by is broj^er • as he him sulf bed • sepultura 
Atte mimstre of ambresbmy • at stonheng ywis • ^^^'^" 

Wei atte ]?at be a wiirj^e stude • wamie ]>ei' such se- 
pulture ys • 3466 
A rthvire vteres sone • of wam we tolde biuore • 

^e abbe]? yhurd hou he was • biiite & ybore • 
po ]>is king was ]?us ded • ]?e heye men alle come • 
Of J^e londe to eilicestre • & conseil ]?er of nome • 3470 
Vor to make horn a king • uor nede hom drof ]?er to • 
Vor ]7e saxons Avuste • ]?at ]?e king was ded so • saxonum 

Hii sende uor]? to alymayne • after more poer bliue • [167] 
&; ]?o^te ]?is brutons al clene • out of londe driue • 
So ]'at hii adde ywonne • al clene ]7e nor]? lond • 3475 
Fram homber to totenays • & adde al in hor hond • 

3461. he] hi a; \>ei /8. 

3462. heye'] chere B. >/s del)] ded hym B. )>/s] his ay^. isei/e'] 
seije a ; sey^e j3 ; sey y. 

3463. Bel] Dul a. §• Jjo] ac J^o B ; ac a ; but /S. 7imi] om. Ba0. 

3464. Hii .... burye] Hi bixrede him a ; Thei huryed him /3. hurye] 
beburye B. 

3465. Atte munstre] Atte mynstre B ; An ope \>Q doune a ; Apou ]>e 
doune /3. ambresbury] ambysbure B. 

3466. be a] he beB. icur\>e] worH «/8. wanne \>er] ))at B; j>er a/85, 
sepulture] a sepulture 8 ; burijng a; buryenge /3. 

3467. vteres] Vter B; Vter is 5 ; vtheres a. ivam] wan B ; wham a. 
tolde] spake 5. 

3468. abbe\> yhurd] habbujj ihiird a ; hau herd 6. Sj-] & eke a5 ; & 
also )3. 

3469. \>is] \>e a/8. 

3470. eilicestre] Cirencestre a/8. 

3471. make] makije a. a] o a. 

3472. Jjfi] i>o J^e a. iviiste] wiste « ; wist \>an 13 ; hit wist 5. 

3473. sende] went /3. 

3474. Sf i>o-^tc] Wei hi }?oute a ; Wei J^ei t>ou)t /8. c/e?je] oui. 6. 
out] om. Ba/3. londe] londone a. 

3475. te] })at Ba/8. 

3476. to] vnto 5. totenays] catanej's B ; catheueys a/8. adde] 
haddeu hit a. in] on a/3. /lor] om. a/85. 



Arthure. 



246 THE CHRONICLE OF 

arthure ArJ'ure was ]70 long mon • of viftene lev vnnej^e • 
fit rex. ^ .^^^ g^l j^g lond made him king • after is fader dej^ie • 
& he bigan anon & eke er • such mon vor to be • 
pat me ne solde in no lond • is per noiir ysc • 8480 

fol. 56. . Arthure • 

So laro'e lie was & so hende • & al so debonere • 
So hardi & so gentil • & of so vair manere • 
pat so mochefolc to him com • of kni^tes :;onge & olde- 
pat he nadde no2t wel war wi]? • such menie u\) to 

holde • 
Ac is herte was euere god • long \>ei he were • 3485 
Vor he ]7o^te of )?e saxons • is spense vp arere • 

Guerra He bigan |70 wel sone • to arere vp is baner • 

Vor is prowesse he adde sone • gret folc &5 poer • 

He wende toward euerwyk • wi]? vair compaynye 

ynou • 
po J'e saxons it vnderiete • j^at he ]mderward drou • 8490 
Of scottes & of pycars • & of horn sulue hii nome • 
Gret poer ynou & strong • & aten horn come • 



3477. A)-];>ure'] Av\>n\>e A; Artur B. yO?)^] a jonge S. vmiel-e'] 
onnejje a. 

3478. Jje] hat Ba ; \>[\k S. made him'] him made ajS. /«"/7] 
oin. B. 

3479. ^] om. a^. Ae] om. B. anon'] suon B. cV] om. B5. 
eke er] eke 5. moii] a man 5. 

3480. no] Aa75 ; none B|3. nour'] uowar a ; noAvhere ^5. 

3481. so hende'] heudc afi, 

3482. so vair] faire aS. 

3483. J-^/^J Vo B. knbytcf-] kyn^tes B (& passim). 

3484. nadde] hadde /3 ; had 5. menie] meyne B ; meiiie a ; a mayne 5. 

3486. of J'c] of J?is k ; in )nse /3. spense] spenscs afi ; cxpensis 5. 
arere] rere j3. 

3487. ]>o ivel sone] fol sone anon a; i'ul sooue anone jQ. arcrc] rcre 0. 
vp] om. Ba/85. 

3488. he adde so?ie] sone (sooue /3) he haddc a0. 

3489. ir/Jj] mid a. conipai/ni/c] copanyc B ; ost ap. 

3490. J^e saxons it] )>is saxons o ; \>e Saxons y3. vndcr'^ele] vnderstode/85. 

3491. scottes] soctes a. horn'] hym B. hii name] ynome a. 

3491'. Gret .... strong] Strong power & gret ynou a; Strouge i)o\ver 
& gret ynou^ 0. hoin] hym B/3 ; liim a ; hem y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 247 

per was sla^t in ey|>er syde • no mercy J^er nas • [168] 

Ac king arthm-e atte laste • as god wolde aboue was • ^ "'"' 
& sywede in to euerwyk « colgrim hor cheuenteyn • 
& him l^o he was wi)>imie • by segede mid al is mayn • 
Baldulf colgrymes bro])cr • six ]?ousend men mid him 

nom • 
&, is bro]7er nor to helpe • toward euerwyk com • 
po he was fram euerAvyk • aboute an ten myle • 
He at stunte & J70tte • );at he wolde mid gyle • 8500 
Vpe ])e king arthure come • an onywar bi niite • 
& so him & al is folc • ssende tif he mitte • 
pe king was |?er of ywar • he ]?02te to do bote • 
Mid six hondred knittes • & ]>ve hondred men auote • 
Cadur erl of cornwayle • aten hom he sende • 3505 
pat aien hom com an onywar • by a wey ]>at hii 

wende • 
& slowe & euere woundede • &l monye brotte to de]?e • 
So |>at l^is baldulf • of scapede aliue vnnejje • 



3493. sla^yf] slant o ; slaujter 0. in'] on a0. sijde] half B5. 
j/o] none B. 

3494. Ac"] ova. afi. atte .... wolde] ase god wolde at he kiste a ; 
as god wolde atte \>e last /8. 

349.5. &'] He /3. in to] vn to /8. 

3496. him )>o] when /3. mid'] him with /3. mayn'] many B> 

3497. mid him] ]po a; he 0. 

3498. com] he come 5. 

3499. po] So B. fram] toward a$. ati] a y. 

3500. at stunte] astunte a ; astjnt /3 ; astynte 5. mid gijle] hy gWki fi-. 

3501. an onyivar] al vnwar y3 ; al vuware yS. 

3502. folc] men 5. he] j>ey 5. 

3503. he \>o'^te] and J?ought 5. 

3504. hondred] }>ousand /3. hondred] housend Ba ; J'ousaude /3 ; 
Jjousaud 5. auote] afote a; of fote ^. 

3505. hom] hym B. 

3506. hom] hym B. an onywar] on onywar a; on vnwar /3 ; vnwar 5. 
a] a/8 ; one y. \>at hii] >at he B ; }?er hi o ; as Wy 5 ; per \>t\ )3. 

3507. cuere woundede] vere woundede B ; forwondede a ; forwounded 
/85. 8f monye] many & 5. 

3308. of scapede aliue] alyue of scapede aweya; alyue scaped awey /8. 
vnnchc] ouncj'e c. 



248 



THE CHKONICLE OF 



Adueutus 
ducis aly- 
manie. 



[169] 



parlia- 

mentum 

arthure 

londoni- 

ense.* 

fol. 56 b. 



rex mittit 
britannie 
minori. 



;e 



pe wule J^at ]>e king arthure • by segede euerwyk 
Me tolde him of a gret due • J^at het theldryk 
pat out of alymayne com • to scotlonde so • 
Mid six hondred ssipuol of knittes • & al 

l^er to • 
per was lo gret poer • yii to a 
po ]?e kinges conseil wuste • 

adi'ad • 
pe king ar];ure hii radde anon 
To nyme ]?er is conseyl • woch were )?e best ende 
Leste such poer come • vpe him & him ssende • 
pe king dude after hor red • & to londone wende 



3510 



atyl 



londe ylad • 
]ns • hit was 

• to londone to 



somdel 

3514 

wende • 



Arthure 



pere he huld is parlement • wat were best to done • 
So ]?at he & is conseil • at o red were sone • 3520 

So |?at to J?e lasse brutaine • ]?e king sone sende • 
To howel king of ]7e lond • j^at he to him wende • 
To helpe him in suche nede • & |'at he him vnder- 

stode • 
pat kunde it wolde ]?at he dude • vor hii were of one 

blode • 



best] 



3509. ^paf] om. oS. Jse] om. S, by segede^ biseged B. 

3510. thcldri/k] AB7 ; theldrik a ; Theldryl )3 ; Cheldrik 5. 

3511. to'] into B; vnto 5. 

3512. of} om. B. al \>e ati/l] J^e atyr a ; >e atyre /3 ; al J^at longe^e S. 

3513. lo] so B5. poe?-] poyr B. «] au B; one a/3. 

3514. hit tvas] J?ei were )8 ; \>ey were 5. 

3515. to wende] vorte weude B ; for to wende 5 ; Avende a. 

3516. nymc] take j85. woch] wich a ; which /3. ^e] om. B, 
bestc a. ende] ^ende B. 

3517. vpe] on /8 ; to 7. &; him] Si her rijt (ry^t ;S) bhu a/S. 

3519. huld] hulde B ; held a; helde ;85, best] beste a. 

3520. So] Jr'o B. o] one Bct/S. 

3521. So] po B. to] om. /3. isove se7ide] his sonde sende afi. 

3522. ivcude] auone wende 5. 

3523. i)i suche tiede] at his ueode a ; atte his nede /3. 7icdc] a nede S 
he] om. B. him] om. aySS. 

3524. pat] Vor a; For )3. it] om. a/8. i>at he dude] he soded d. 



* MS. loHdoniecis. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 249 

King arthures soster sone • ]7e king howel was • 3525 
& ]>e kinges sone of ]>e lasse briitayne • no wer kiinde 

]>ev nas . 
po ]>e messagers wi]' ]?e tydinge • to king howel come • 
His eonseil wol hastiliche • in suche nede he nom • 
Vor to helpe is neveu • & is kynedom . 
Wij? fiftene ]70usend knittes • in to )?is londe he com • 
At souj^hamtone hii come vp • & ]?o hii to gadere [i7o] 

come . 3531 f^^^"'^^^ 

pis tueye kinges hii ciiste hom • & bi chipte ylome • howel. 
po hii adde hor folc yset • as ritt was in such cas • bellum. 
Nor]7ward toward lineolne • hii wende mid god pas • 
pere hii come & mette hom • & strong bataile smite 

J?ere • 3535 

So J?at mo J>an six jjousend • of ]?e saxons islawe 

were • 
Wat aslawe wat adreint • so ]?at atte laste • fnga 

po hii ne seye o)7er won • hii gonne to fle vaste • ad^nemus. 

In to an wode ]>er by side • |?o hii |7er inne come • 
Hem J70^te hii were siker ynou • & toke j^e lasse 

gome • 3540 

3525. King'] )>e kyng B ; \>e. king a ; The kynge /35. soster'] systiir B. 
\>e] }>ys B5 ; j?is a/8. 

3526. Sj'] om. aj3. \>e lasse] lasse BjS. no wer] & none nerer B ; & 
non ner a ; & none nere ; & no fer S. kimde] kyn S. \>er nas] 
t>at nas 8. 

3527. ):o] om. /3a. ??iessrt^ers] messager Ba. ?«>] mida. ti/dingc] 
ti\>jTig a ; tij^inges )3 ; tyj'yngs S. khig] J^e kynge 5. co)iie] com a. 

3528. wol] welBa; ryjt y3. 

3529. Vor] om. S. neveii] Erne 8. ^-J and eke 8 ; and to sane $. 

3530. Wi];>] Mid a. kni-^tes] om. 8. in to] vnto 8. londe] lond a. 

3531. hii] he B. come] comen a)3. come] came /3. 

3532. kii] om. a/85, custe] kyste /3, bi chipte] hii clupte hem B ; 
clnpte ham wel a; clypte hem faire j8. ylome] same /3 ; hem lome 8. 

3534. Nor\^ward] YorJ^ward B. * 

3535. hom] hym B. smite] smote /8. 

3536. !So] om. a|8. mo )>an] om. o;8. \>e saxons] \>e saxonB; saxons 
a;8. islawe] aslawe B ; t>are aslawe o ; \>ev aslayn /3. 

3538. sef/e] say a. to fle] fle wel a; fle ryjt )8. 

3539. an] a B. \>o] and \>o B«5 ; & when /8. 

3540. siher] sykcre Ba. 



250 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



pe king sywede vaste • & bi segede lioni aboute • 
Ac among |?e tren hii wiistc horn • ]?at hii nadde no 
doute • 
Ilex obsi- po |:'e king arthure ysey • ]7at hii nokle out come • 
' Aboute J>e wode he let fulle • ])c grete tren some • 
& leide ech eeh vp o]?er • aboute in eche ende • 3545 
pat it was as it were a wal • j^at hii ne ssolde out 

wende • 
pre dawes & |?re niit • meteles hii wuste hom so • 
pat hii nuste hou on take • ne wat for honger do • 
pe king arthure hii bisotte • mercy attenende • 
pat he grantede hom in pes • out of |?isse londe 
wende • 3550 

& hii grantede him al here god • }>at hii hider ladde • 
Gokl & sehier & tresour • al clene ]?at hii adde • 
Hii bihete him ek eche ter • to bere him truage • 
Out of hor londe & ]?er to • take him god ostage • 
Misericor- pe king ]?oru is conseil • assentede wel |?er to « 3555 
a I'egib. ^ gQ J ostage of hom nom • ]?e truage vor to do • 



peticio 
venic. 



[171] 



3541. vastel after B«5 ; aftir /8. bi segede'] byseged B. 

3542. Ac] om. a^. wuste] -wisten o ; kepte /35. nadde] hadde /3 ; 
had 5. 

3543. iiolde] wolde not 5. 

3544. Aboute . . . fulle] He let fulle \>e wode aboute a; He lete felle \>e 
wodde aboute 0. let] lest A. fulle] felle 5. yrete] gret a. 
treii] trees S. some] sone B. 

3545. cch ech] ecli Ba ; eche j3S, vp] vp on a5 ; apou y3. 

3546. a] o o/8. ne ssolde] ne solde B ; ne my^t /3 ; ne myght S ; mite a. 

3547. ni-^t] nyjttes j8 ; nyghtis S. w^iste] wiste a; kept yS ; kepte 5. 

3548. take] to take 5. 

3549. biso-^te] bisou^t soone /3. attenende] atte endeB ; at Kin ende a; 
at ]>Q ende yS. 

3550. yrantede] granted B. \>isKe] ysB; his a;85. londe] lond o. 
iccnde] to wende fi. 

3551. hii] he fi. him] hem y3. 

3552. Sj- scluer] om. j3, al] & alle a ; and al j3. 

3553. Hii ... e^] & hi bihete o ; And )>ei bi hijt )3. 

3554. Out of] Fram al3. talit] toke j3 ; to take 5. 

3555. assentede] encented B ; enseiited 5. i>cr to] herto 8. 

3556. god] gode a. hom.] om. B. nom] toke 13. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 251 

• xirthwre • id. 57. 

& at huld al hor god - & let horn al bar Avende • 
& tut him of potto sone • ]'at he was horn so hende • 
Mid hor gold & sehier • & mid hor trcsour hii mi^te • 
Soustcini a god luile is ost • atens horn wor to vi^te • 
k, tut his hiber false men • in be se come • 35G1 Keditus 

c ( 1 1-11 I' 1 ] Raxonum 

& tornde aten to snikedom • to an o]>cr red nome • j^,^ ^Q^^^_ 
Atte hauene of tottenays • hii gonne arst ariue • n^is- 

& dude hom alond & robbede • in deuenissire bliue • 
& so vorj? in somersete • moche wo gonne do • 35G5 
Al anon to seuerne • & to l)aJ7e al so • Obsesslo 

& bisegede ];ene toun • ac wip oute hii were • ^^^^• 

Vor ]ye king bi norj^e was • hii gonne hor werre arere • 
Vor ]7e king was toward seottlond • & awreke him he 
]?o^te • 8569 

Of scottes & of picars • )?at euere euele him wrotte • 
po J^e tyding him com • of ]>e saxons is fo • [i"^l 

He nuste in we]7er ende turne • so uol he was of wo • 

3557. at huld] atel B ; with helde ;8 ; at helcle 5. Ao?«] him B. 

3558. him of Jjojie] B ; him of jote A ; him at>outc a ; he aj^ou^t fi ; him 
forthou^t 5. hom] to ham a ; to hem /8. 

3559. c5- mid] & a/3. hii] he Ba/35. 

3560. a] om. B. god] gode B; grct afi. ycile] wjle B; while a/3. 
aye7is hom] om.'BS ; a^eu ham a ; agejn hem /3. ivoi- to] vor to B ; 
forto S ; to a/8. 

3561. cy]AcBa; But/3; BotS. yU]>is] ^\t]^ctiS ; \)Qal3. m] into /3. 
come] ]}0 liii come B ; ho hi come a ; i>o ]>ey come S ; wheu )7ei come y3. 

3562. Sf] om. Ba^5. snikedom] wyckednesse S. an] on a. 

3563. Atte haucnc] At \>c liafne a. tottenays] tottenas B. arst] eft 
Ba; efte/85. 

3564. dude hom] dude hym B ; come a/8. alo7id] on londe 7. rob' 
bede] rewede B. 

3565. in] in to a^. moche] and muclie Ba/85. yoviic] gan /8, 

3566. Al] And /3. §• to] & vn to/3. al] om, 5. 

3567. \)ene] \>e B5 ; j^aue a ; J^at /3. toun] thoun B. 

3568. bi nor\>e] byuore B. yotmc] hygonne B. hur iccrre] her 
worre a. arere] here B. 

3569. ^"awreke] to awrelie as 5. him he] hym B ; he him a, 

3570. Of] On he 5. §" «/] & he 5. picars] pigars B. euele] 
vuele B ; vuel o. 

3571. tijding] tihinge o ; tihinges /3 ; tyhyuges 8. him] to hym B; 
to him aj85. is fo] M'e B ; wo S ; hat dude so a ; J^at dide so /8. 

3572. ?)»s?r] nyst/8. inwe\>erende]\\h\([^vvfAYAa; whiderwarde him /3. 
so ... . ivo] he was so ful of wo /3 ; so thoughtful he was ho 5. 



252 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Morbus 
howel. 



vaclMt 

versus 

saxones. 



Of scottes he wolde awreke be • tif time him ]>ev to 

teue • 
Ac he nolde uor no ]nng • f^e saxons bileue • 
& howel is soster sone • king of ])e o]7er brutayne • 
Mest in is herte was • uor anguysse to playne • 3576 
Vor he lay binorj'e sik • }?at he ssolde bileue him 

J'ere • 
Leste ]?e scottes him dude ssame • o]?er J?at he ]>e wule 

ded were • 
He bileuede him poer ynou • & toward somersete • 3579 
Wende toward ]>e saxons • vor p>at nolde he nozt 

lete • 
po he com to somersete • & ]?e saxons ysey • 
He houede & spac wij? is men • ]7es wordes al an hey • 
Vor ]?is luj^er saxons • abbe]? gTet dedeyn • 
Vor to holde me treu]?e • lif ich abbe eny mayn • 
IchoUe holde to ihesu crist • treu]?e tif ich may -3585 
«fc l^at blod of my kunde folc • awreke ^ut to day • 
ArmyeJ> ^ou nou hasteliche • arme]? tou anon • 
Vor we ssolle to day mid godes help • ouercome vr 

fon • 



3573. scottes'] j^e scottes B5. awreke be] j'wroke haue be S ; him 
awreke &. him \>er to] )>qv to him a/S. 

3574. nolde] wolde ;8. no] nonB. bileue] so byleueS; >o bileue a; 
>an so byleue j8. 

3575. Sf] om. B. hoivel] howe 5. soster] seyster B. o))er] lasse aj8. 

3576. in] on a/35. herte] hurte a. playne] compleyne S. 

3577. binor\>e] byuore B. bileue] leue 5. 

3578. Leste] Laste Ba. \>e] om. S. kim dude] dude him a; dide 
him )8. )>at] om. aySS. \>e wule] le wule A ; om. B ; J>e while a/85. 

3579. bileuede] byleuyd B ; bilefde a. 

3580. ]>at . . . no-^t] nold he nojt ))at 5. nolde] wolde /3. 

3581. to] toward a; towarde /3, ysei/] sey B ; J^er sey^e 6. 

3582. spac] spec B ; speke 5. wii>] to B ; mid a. 

3583. lu]per] luj>ere a. abbe]>] abbyt B. dedeyn] scorne & dedayne /S 

3584. eny mayn] myjthe or mayne /3. 

3585. Icholle holde] Ich chylle treube hoklc B. holde . . . crist] to 
Ihu Cryst holde /8. treu])e] treuly B ; treuliche a/8 ; trewlich 5. 

35S6. ]pat] >e o/35. my] ys B. folc] floe B. 

3587. Armyc])] Armejj Ba/S. arme\> ^om] & make )ow redy 5. 

3588. Vor] om. aj35. godes] god B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 253 

Ac J?e king atte biginninge • let hangy echon • 3589 [i'3] 

Hor ostages uor ];e treson • he ne bileuede nott on • 

po pis gode folc ^are was • in batayle to Ride • predi[ca]- 

Sein dubric ]>e erchebissop • of caiieon gan abide • 

& "wende vp a Intel hul • amidde ]?e compaynie • 

Xe cristinemen he sede • of so noble seynorye • 3594 

• Arthwre • m. 57 b. 

pat hep godes owe lumes • ]7oru toure cristendom • 
penche]? on god J?at vor us deide • & on |7is kinedom • 
Vitte]? nor loure kunde • & defendej> •^oure ritte • 
penche]? of pe nede of pe lond • & of vre louerdes 

mi^te • 
&L tif eny of ton is aslawe • in J>is ulke fitte • 
To saui ];at lond folc • &> uor }'e londes ri^te • 3600 
He sywe]? purliche god • j^at lef is owe lif her • 
To savy us sinuol men • fram pe deueles poer • 
& wo so her is aslawe • is de]? him sal be • 
In lesnesse of al is sinne • & is soule ssal fle • 

3589. Ac ]>e] Bo5 ; But \>e /3 ; Atte A. hangy'] hang B ; hongi a ; 
honge j8. echon'] ]>o echon a ; J^o echone S ; J^an echone /3, 

3590. ostar/es] ostage 0. >e] om. /3. he ... . o?;] ]>ej left no^t 
alyue one 5. bileuede] bilefde a. 

3591. po \>is] }?o Jje a ; "Whenne Jje /8 ; And >ere his 5. yare] redy fiS. 
171] in to aB. in batayle to] in to batayle B ; to J^e bate3'l for to 5. 

3593. vp a] apon an 0. Intel] lute B ; litel $. k] J>ys B. 

3594. seynorye] seynore B. 

3595. Otoe] owene a; om. /3. lumes] lyniys B ; limes a; ymmes 13. 
youre] om. 5. 

3596. penche]>] penc he B. on .... deide] J?at god deijde (deyed B ; 
deyd 5) for vs ajSS. 

3597. uor youre] now for oure 5. youre] oure 5. 

3598. of i>e nede] he nede BBS ; J?e neode a. ^' of] and on 5. lou- 
erdes] louerd B. 

3599. 6t'] om. aj85, is aslawe] be slayn 13. in \>is ulke] here in 
jpys B5 ; her on J:)isse a ; here on J^is 0. 

3600. satti] saue 0. \>at lond] J>e lond B ; ^is londes 0. londes] 
loude 0. 

3602. sinuol] sunfole a. deueles] deoueles a. 

3603. her is aslawe] is here aslayn 0. 

3604. In lesnesse] On lesnesse a ; Of forjeuenesse j8 ; Relesse 5. al] 
om. a0 sinne] synnys B5 ; sinnes afi. 



254) THE CHRONICLE OF 

& be ybrott biuore god • ar ]?at bocli be cold • 8605 
He asoylede al ]mt folc • ]?at he adde ]?us ytold • 
pat folc ]>oru is prechinge • so god wille nom ]?ere • 
pat horn j^o^te ech wule vine • ar hii in bataile were • 
['".4] pe king was aboue yarmed • wi]> auberc noble Sz, riche • 
arthure. Wi]? helm of gold on is heued • was non him yliche • 
pe fourme of a dragon • ]?er on was yeast • 8011 

His sseld j^at het Jnidwen • was ];onne yhonge vaste • 
Aboute is ssoldren & J»eron • ypeint was & ybro^t • 
pe ymage of vre leuedy • on warn was al is ]>ozt • 
Mid is suerd he was ignrd • ];at so strong was & kene- 
Calibourne it was ickiped • nas nour no such ich wene • 
In is riit hond is laimce he nom • J^at was ycluped 

Ron • 
Long & gret & strong ynou • him ne mi^te at sitte non • 

3605. 2/broyt'] brou)t S. biuore] to fore a5 ; afore /3. )?«/] ^e 
360C. asoi/lcdc] asouled B. }-(//] hys B ; Y-is afi ; >ese S. \>at he 

adde >i<s] \>o he adde al ^ys B ; }'0 he hadde his a ; when he hadde )>is /8 ; 

J>o he he hadde alle >ys 5. 

3607. pat] pis a ; This ;3 ; These 5. j>oru is'] for \>e a/SS. god] 
gode a. 710711] nome o ; toke /8. 

3608. wide] wyle B ; while afi. ar hii in hataile] in hatayle ar hii B ; 
ill bataile ar hi a ; in Bataile tille >ei j8 ; in hatayle to J>ey y, in bataile 
ar \>ej 5. 

3609. wi\>] mid a. auhcrc] haubert B ; haubree a; hawbrek y3 ; 
hawberk y. 

3610. Wi\>] IMid a. was 7wn him] nas nour hym B ; non him nas o ; 
none hiin was ;3 ; none was him y ; was J>er nowhere him 5. ylichc] 
lyche /3. 

3611. a] o a. on] inne a/3; yn 5. i/cast] cast 5. 

3612. \yridtrrv] Pridwen 5. })07nie] J?anne Bay ; }>an /35. yhonge] 
ihonget a; honget )3; hanged y ; hoiiged 5. vaste] wast B. 

3613. ypeint'] peynt )3; ypeintid 5. iMoyt'] ywort B; ywrouit a; 
wrou^t (8. 

3614. leuedi/] lady B ; lefdi a. on warn] in wan B; in wham a ; in 
whom JS. 

361.5. iyurd] gurde ;3. strong] stronge a. 

3616. Calibourne] Callibourue a; Calliborne fi. ichiped] callyd ^. 
nas .... such'] nas nower no such a ; was nowhare non suche /3 ; was 
nowhare suche 7 ; nowhere was such 5. ich] yc B. 

3617. /?«] On o. 7J0)«] namo; toke /8. ivas ycluped] ycluped 
was B ; was icleped a ; Avas callyd /S ; yclepud was 5. 

3G18. him] hure a; hit /3. at sitte] asyttc ft. non] Ba5 ; none ft\ 

om. A. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 255 

He jjo^te al on ihesu crist • & is men eclion • Bellum 

Vpe ]>e doune aboue bape • liii mette mid hor fon • oG20 i"xtaba>e. 
Hii smite bataile strong ynou • j^at al longe day 

ilaste • 
pe saxons in hor syde • stode euere a^en vaste • 
Moche folc I'er was ynou • aslawe in eyjer side • 
po ]>(i niit vpe horn com • pat hii ne rniite no leng 

abide • 8024 

Vpe pe torret of an lierre hul • pe saxons wende pere • 
pat pe heye hul to horn was • a castel as pey it were • 
A morwe po it day was • adoiin eft hii ali^te • 
& in batayle strong ynou • bigonne eft sone to fiite • 
& sloue uaste in eyper alf « pat reupe it was ynou- [175] 

po pe king arpure ysey • pat me is men so uaste 

slou . 3G30 

His herte he gan vp arere • pat he nadde pe maistrie • probitas 
& dude is wille al to god • & on is moder marie • arthure. 



3G19. echo7i'] euerj-chone 5. 

3620. Vfie'] Opou a. 7nette'] mytte B ; metten S. 

3621. al hmyc day'\ al day ayS ; alle a dayc S. ilasfe] hit lastea; hit 
last/3. 

3622. slode] stodcn a/8. 

3623. Moche] Myclic B. irus ynou'] was )>ere I'O 5. aslairc] slayn 0. 
in'] ou a;35. 

3624. >e] J>at afih. rpc] vp on a ; apon y. )>(//] om. a^. ?/<? 
7niyte no] myght iio^t 5. leiiy] lenger fi. 

3625. Vpe J^e] Y\) an B ; Op o a; Vp a 5 ; Apou a 0. toriet] 
thoret a ; toret 5 ; turret /3. an herrc] ou hey a ; an hey S ; one 
heije y8. hul] hiille Bi35. 

3626. heye] cm. o/35. horn] hym B. </] om. /8. \>ey] om. Ba/35. 

3627. A morwe] Amora^e B. 

3628. hlyonne] bygonnen S ; jjci bigonne y3. ef'l sone] ef sone B ; 
eft o;8 ; cfte 5. 

3629. in] on a/35. 

3630. po] There S. ysey] isey >is a ; yse >is /3 ; om. 5. me] men 5. 
is men so uaste] so vaste ys men B ; his fole (folke ^) so a/3 ; his folke 
thus y ; fast his men 5. 

3631. he] om. afi. he (/an ?•;>] vp he gan S. ai-ere] rere /S. 
nadde] ne hadde $. 

3632. 071] in a/3; vp S; om. y. 



256 THE CHRONICLE OF 

fol.58. ^Avthwre. 

&5 calybourne is gode suerd • mid god ernest he drou • 
& smot aboiite in ei]7er side • to grounde harde ynou • 
& four hondred men ar he reste • is owe honde he 
slou • 3635 

& sixti & tene al so • |?e asaut was somdel ton • 
victoria & ]^erto nadde he o|?er help • bote god & seinte marie • 
britanuo- ^ calibourne is ^ode suerd • to do such maistrie • 
j)o IS men iseye j^is • aiter vaste hii drowe • 
& to gronde aboute smite • & ]>e saxons uaste slowe • 
«Sz; colgrim )7at hor maister was • & baldulf is bro]?er •3641 
Asia we were at ]?ulke asaut • & al so moni an o]7er • 
Vor mony a ]?ousend )?er were aslawe • & teldrich atte- 

laste • 
His felawes ]>o he sey aslawe • bi gan to fle vaste • 
Nunciacio po jjis batayle was ydo • to ]>e king com message • 
scottes^ pat ]7e scottes & J>e picars • dude him gret outrage • 
& sire howel is neueu • king of ]?e o]7er brutayne • 
pat sik lay as ich sede er • bisegede mid al hor 
mayne • 

3633. god] gode B. ernest'] huvnest a. he drou] adrou B. 

3634. in] on afiS. ci\>er] eu>er B. to grounde harde ynou] & sturede 
him faste ynou a ; & stured him fast jnouj ;8. harde] & hard B ; & 
harde 5. 

3635. Sf] cm. 8. ho7ide he] body a/3. 

3636. ^] An B. 

3637. nadde he] hadde he none $. seirite] seinoe A. 

3638. gode] god a. do] don a ; doun /8. maistrie] a maistrije a. 

3640. smite] smote |3. \>e] om. S. 

3641. Sc] om. BajSS. K'O om. 0. \>at hoi-] that ther y. 

3642. Aslawe] Slayn $. asaut] slant a ; slawite S ; slaujter $ ; om. y. 
a7i] on a ; om. y. 

3643. Vor] om. a^B. «] om. Ba/3. aslawe] slayn fi. teldrich] 
teldryc B ; Theldric S ; Cheldrik a ; Cheldryk /3. 

3644. felawes] falawes /8. J>o . . . . aslawe] J>an slayn /8. se?/] 
isey a. ij gaii] he bygan j8. ras/e] wel faste a. 

3646. Jje] om. S. Jjc] om. B5. picars] pj'gars B. 

3647. is 7ieueu] l>e kynge neueu j3 ; the kjTiges neueu y. oJ>er] lasse afi. 
brutayne] brutannye B. 

3C48, lay] day B. bisegede] byseged B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 257 

po ]'c king hurde pis • him longede ];uder sore* [^'^] 

He ne mitte |?ere longe abide • ]>e saxons to sywy 

more • 3650 

Cadour eii of cornwayle • he bileuede ]?ere • 
Mid ten J^ousend men • nor to sywe • horn |?at ofscaped 

were • 
pe erl sywede mid is men • ]?e saxons uaste ynou • 
& strong batayle smite • & teldiic J^e prince slou • Occisio 

& is compaynie ]>e mestedel • bote an vewe atten ende • '^ "^• 
Mercy him cryde ];at hii moste • Into hor owe londe 

wende • 3656 

(fc suore & toke him ostage • ]>at hii ne ssokle neuere 

ywys . 
pis lond eft asayly • ne ssame do ne amys • 
So )>at ]>et folc of saxons • namore hider ne come • 
pe wule J?at ]>e king arthure • wiste ]>is kinedome -3660 
^adour erl of cornwayle • Jjo he adde ydo al ]?is • cudour 

To ]>e king is louerd wende • to scotlond ywis • J^^^^^ 

3649. hurde'] him harde $. him longede ^^uder] Jsedir him louged 5. 
)?uder\ Jjudere a. 

3650. \>ere longe'] >er leug B ; no lenger 5. sijwy] sywe B. 

3651. bileuede] bilefde a. 

3652. meji] of meu a. nor to] to o^S. ofscaped] ascapede o ; 
ascaped fi. 

3653. i>e] J)es aS ; Jjise fi. 

3654. Sf] A 5. smite] sraot Ba ; smote 13 ; he smote 5. teldric] 
Theldric S ; cheldric a ; Cheldryk ^. slou] he slou « ; he slouj ;3. 

3655. mestedel] most del y3. an vewe] auewe B ; a fewe a. atten 
ende] at J>an ende a ; at jje ende j8. 

3656. Mercy him cryde] Hi cride merci a ; Thei cryed mercy /3. him] 
J>ey S. moste] my^t j8. Into] vnto 5. 

3657. ^- suore] Hi sn'ore a ; Thei swore )3. hii ne ssolde neuere] t>ei 
schulde 13. 7ie] om. S. 

3658. ne ssame] mid schame a ; with schame j85. do ne] dou B ; ne 
do o)35. 

3659. So] po B. \>ct'] \>e Bo/35. saxons] saxome a; Saxonye ;8. 
ne] om. 5. 

3660. ivule] wyle B ; while a^. ]>at] om. Bo)3. Jse] om. S. wiste] 
wuste B ; kepte /3 ; regned in S. 

3661. erl] >e Erie 5. of] om. 7. a/rfo] idou a ; doS. S. 

3662. kitig] king arthur a ; kynge Arthure $. ivende to scotlond] 
to scotlond wende (went /3) a^. 

R 



258 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king adde er among • j^e scottes • ystured him uol 

wel • 
(fe deliuered of hom ar he come • is neueu sire howel • 
fuga & yslawe of hom monyon • so l^at in an yle • 3665 

SCO 01 urn. jj-^ ^|. gcapede atte laste • bi nor)?e mony a myle • 
Nidi pet water ge]? al aboute • & J?er inne eke be}> • 

aquilamm. gj^ti grete roches • as men al day yse]; • 

[177] per Inne nomon ne wone]? • ac in ech roche ];er is • 

In tyme of tere an ernes nest • p'at hii brede}> inne 
ywis . 3670 

fol. 58 b. • Arthure • 

Ech is in a roche him sulf • vor hii ne mowe no2t 

ney be • 
Vor hom by hoiie]? moche mete • & hii ne mowe nott 

wel fie • 
Vor feblesse of hor brode • ac wanne hor briddes rype 

bej? • 
per hii finde]? more mete • in londes aboute hii flej? • 



3663. adde er'\ cm. a^S. ystured him'] hadde isturcd (stored /3) him 
er o;8 ; hadde sturryd her y ; had stared }>ere 5. 

3664. ofhoni] ofhym B; cm. a^5. ar] hare a; or By3. 

3665. yslawe] slowe ^. of hom] ova., a^. in] in to afiS. an] 
one aj3. 

3666. of scapede] at scapede a. hi nor\>e] by uore B. moiiy a] 
mani^e o a.. 

3667. \^et] pe 5 ; pat a. yc]> al] goth hit 5. 

3668. (jrete] heye B; helje a; hey^ 5; hey /3. al day] t>ere B; 
Jjerofte a/8 ; J^ere ofte 5. yse\)] ysene y. 

3669. ne] om. 5. wone^] wonyej? B. in] on o/8. erii] eche B«i3. 

3670. In ... . nest] Vor so> (For sothe )3) o nest of ernes aP. 

3071. Ech is] Euerich is a; Euereehe /3. /?(] on 13. a] o o)3. 

him sulf] bi him sulf a ; by him self yS ; by him selfe 5. 7te] om. 5. 

noyt] om. y. ney] ne B. 

3672. ne] om. S. noyt] om. y. 

3673. feblesse] feblisce a ; feblenesse^ ; febulnesse 5. briddes] byrdes y. 

3674. per] There as 5. hii] hi hi a. Ji7ide\>] fyuden /3. in londes 
aboute] in o^ere londes a ; in ojier londes )3 ; Into oJ?ere londes S. fle]>] 
fluj» o ; fleu ;9 ; flene y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 259 

pe king bilay |;es scottes • ])ere mid alle wo • 3G75 Rex obsl- 

pat ];er deide of horn vor honger • a ]jousend & mo • 

«fe tut nolde j^e ssrewen • to none pays go • 

Gillam ])e king of yrlonde • to horn wende ]}0 • 

AVi|? gi'et poer in J^e water • to helpe horn of )ns cas • 

po ]>e king arthure it wuste • prest aten him he 

was . 3680 

& slou of horn to gTOunde • so j;at hii gonne \vi]> 

di'awe • 
& hii ]?at miite come aien • aliue were wel vawe • 
Ac l^e king hom adde afayted so • ]?at hii ne kepte 

nanmore him mete • 
^ut he ]70tte afayty • ]>e scottes ar he hom lete • 
He bi sette hom vaste jtiou • so J'at attelaste J^ere • Aduentus 
pe bissops & o}?er prelats • J^at of J?e londe were • rum*^°^''' 

Com wi]? gret procession • wij? gret anguisse & fere • 
Wepinde bin ore ]>e kinge • &; hor relikes wi|> hom 

here • 



3675. \>es'] J^is a ; }>ys B. Jsere mid] t>at mid a ; >at witli ^ ; >ere he 
dud hem 5. alle] al B. 

3676. pat] om. afiS. deide] doyede 0. a] o a;3. 7no] wel rao a$. 

3677. nolde] wolde /3; wolden y. 7io?)e] no $5. pays] pes Ba. 

3678. Gillam] And Gillam oyS ; And Gillian y. [<e] om. B;S5. 
yrlonde] her londe B. 

3679. Wi\>] Mid a. hom] hym B. of] in B;8. 

3680. po] om. /8. i>e] om. Ba ; |iat 5. it wuste] I wiste )3 ; 
ywyste 7. A/m] hem B;8S ; ham u. 

3681. to] to ]>e 5. ici]> drawc] fle ajeyue ;8 ; flene ayein 7. 

3682. Iiii] \>o /3. come] comeu o; comyn y. tcel vatve] ful fawe 5; 
ry^t fayne /3 ; ful fayne y. 

3683. Ac] po Ba5; When ^. /(ow adde] hadde hem 5. so )?«/] 
om. aj85. ne . . . mete] ne kepte him more jmete a ; ne kept him 
more to mete /3 ; kept him no more mete S. 

3684. -^ut] Sithe /8. afai/ty] to affaite 5. hom] om. a/3. 

3685. so] om. ajSo. 

3686. pe] om. a;85. prelats] B ; prelates a5 ; prelatis /3 ; prelascs A. 
J>e] om. B. 

3687. Com] Come a; Some B. «•?>] mid a. ivi\>] in Ba;35. 
grete] grete a. 

3688. !re/)/wf?p] Wepinge a ; Wepynge |8. hor] om. 5. jtv'^ //<)?« 1 
myd hem B ; mid ham o ; by fore hem ^ ; by fore him y. 

R 2 



9,60 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[178] & oj^er holy chirche );inges • bareuot eclion • 3689 

Hii velle alle adoim akne • biuore ]fe kinge anon • 
& bede him uor is suete loue • ]^at deide on Ipe rode • 
pat he adde reu]?e of horn • &l is soule vnder stode • 
Wanne he adde • ])er biuore • of horn aslawe ynowe • 
pat he soffrede ];ulke libbe • )?at he foUiche alle ne 
slowe . 3694 

& jjat he som hiirne of |^e lond • grantede horn Jjere • 
Warinne hii leuede & eueremo • seruage him bere • 
Misericor- pe king vor pite her of-bigan to wepe sore* 

° ' iSz; nom of hom sykernesse • p'at hii ne ssolde mis do 
namnore • 
& grantede hom an end lond • to libbe inne in ser- 
uage • 
To bere J?er of him & is • euere mo truage • 3700 

Nou wer ];er wij? him j^re men • ]7at of ]>e riite kunde 

come • 
Of kinges of J'ulke lond • vor te saxons hom bi 
nome • 



3689, 3690 transposed in ^y. 

3689. Sf o];>er'} Sc o\>ev ho)>er A ; With /8. holy] holiye a. bareuot] 
hare vorj^e B. echon'] eiierichon a ; euerechone ;8. 

3690. velle] welle B ; fellen a5 ; felle )8. akne] eke B; akneo a; on 
knee 7. kitige] kyng Ba. 

3691. bede him] him a; sayde /8. suete] dere S. 

3692. §• is] & of ysB. 

3694. libbe] lyue & ; to lyue S. folliche] voUiche o; fouliche /3. 

alle] ham a ; hem j3. 
369.5. grantede] awayted 5. 

3696. §•] om. ay85. seruage] & seruage aj85. 

3697. vor] nom a; toke ;8, bigan] & bigan a;8. 

3698. nom] toke ^S. hii . . . namnore] hi mis dude no more a ; }jei 
mysdide no more /8 ; J^ey mysded nomore 5. 

3699. an end lond'] annende lond B ; on ende of lond a; one ende of }je 
londe /3. lond] of jjc londe S. libbe inne] wonye yune B ; libben a ; 
Ij'ue j8. 

3700. of him] to him 5. euere mo] eueremor B ; euere more 
oj8. 

3701. \>er wiY] Jjer myd B ; \>a,v mid a. \>rc] l>er /3 ; there 7. \>e] 
om. B. ri-^te] om. a;85. 

3702. vor te] fort a ; vn to /8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 261 

Auncel & vrian • & lot j^e Jridde was • Rex facit 

pat spoused j^e kinges soster • ^e abbej? yhurd ]^at cas • "J^^^JJ^* "^ 

& adde bi hire tueie sones • sire waweyn j^e liende • 

pe oJ?er het modred • j^at J^e king bytrayde attenende • 

pe keng arthure ]7es ]n*e men • kinges made ]>eve • [179] 

Ech of is riit eritage • as hor elderne were • 

'Arthure* foi. 59. 

Auncel king of scotlond • & vrian is bro];er • 

King of ]7e lond of murifens • vor he was ner ]7an an 

o]7er . 8710 

Of ^e contreie of lodenesie • Lot he made king • 
& of al \q contreie |?at \qv to uel • & J^at was gret 

)?ing . 
po he adde al ];is lond • ybroit • & scotlond al so • 
Al clene in riite to is wille • an o]?er he moste do • 
He spousede a noble wif • gwenwar ire name was • Sponcisio 
Of ]?e heye kunne of rome • no vairor womman nas • s^vemuar. 



3703. Auncel] Auusel afi. Vriaii] yarian ;8. lot] loth o3. 

3704. spoused] hadde 5. J>a<] Jjc a0 ; of )>ys 8. 

3705. waweyn] wawayna; wawayne /3. 

3706. f'e o]>er het] And eke a;35. modred] Modret S. )>e hiny] 
J>eue king a. attenende] at i^an ende o ; at the ende /3. 

3707. >es] t>ys B; t>ls a ; >o j8. made] he made 5. 

3708. of is] ou his o.^. eritage] ertage B. elderne] huldere a ; 
eldren (8. 

3709. scotlond] pur scotlond B ; pujr scottlond k; puir scotlond /3; puire 
scotlande y ; pure scottlaad 8. 

3710. ]>e] oni. B. murifens] muryfycens B. vor] om. a/38. an] 
eni a ; any j8 ; eny 7. 

3711. lodenesie] ledeneseye B ; lindesey^ea; lyndeseye /35. 

3712. al] om. a)35. J?e] om. B. gret] muche BS ; muche fair a ; 
muche faire /3. 

3713. al] om. a;3S. also] ek also a ; eke also fih. 

3714. clene] om. a^. in ri-yte] aryght 5. ri'^te] erased in o. 

3715. noble] wel noble 8. gwenwar] guerwar B ; gwenhuuer a/3. 

3716. kunne] kunde a. no ... . nas] a fayrer womman J>ere nas S. 
womman] wimman a. 



262 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Rex uadit 
iberuie. 



bellum. 



Capcio 

regis 

willami. 

Perquisi- 
cio yrloii- 
die et insu- 
larum. 



[180] 



A s sone as somer com • to yrlond he gan wende 

Vor to afayti ]'at lond • & to winne ech ende • 
Gillam king of ]>q lond • ar he ]mder com • 
Vole as it were wi]^ oute noumbre • a^en him he 

nom • 8720 

Hii come tk: mette horn sone • & gret bataile smite • 
Ac ]'e king arthnre waf? aboue • as me may wel 

ywite • 
& ]ie king gyllam was inome • & so al ]?at lond • 
Bi certein couenant was • in king arthures bond • 
Fram |7anne he wende • sone • to ]'e lond of yrlonde • 
& wan it al clene to him • & al p'at he vonde • 
po such tydinge aboute com • as ech sende o]'er sonde • 
pat so noble nion he was • ];at him ne miite no lond 

at stonde • 
Deldam wende anon to him • ]^at was king of god- 

londe • 
& ginnas king of orcadas • his grace for to fonde • 3730 



3717. As'] Also a,8. as] ha « ; j^e P. yrlond] yrlonde a. 

3718. Vor to] Fort a. afayti] alfaiti a; affaite j8. ech] eche o. 

3719. Gillam] Gilliam y. >>e] cm. B. ar] are a. 

3720. it were] om. afi3. 

3721. mette] ymette B. smite] hii smjte B ; smj'ten 5. 

3722. Ac ]>e] But j3. yioitc] wj'ten 5. 

3723. Jjfi] om. oj8. inome] ytake /8. 

3724. certein] certey B ; sj^ker 5. couenant] coimenant B. ivas] 
om. afi. ?h] alle in 5. 

3725. \>(inne] Joannes o ; J^enues j8. ivende] wente ;8. \>e lond] heu 
yle a ; ]?s He li. yrlonde] yslond Ba ; Islonde ;85. 

3726. a/] om. a5. (§• al] mid al a; with al ;3 ; and eke al 5. 
vonde] wond B ; fond a ; fonde /3. 

3727. po] So B. tydinge] tilling a; tyjiynge B; tithingea y ; 
tijjyuges S. sonde] his sonde S. 

3728. mon] a man 5. him ne mi^te no lond] ue my^te no lond B ; ne 
my^te him no lond a ; her myjt him no londe /3; ther myght no londe 
him 7 ; no loud myght him 5. at stonde] astonde 7. 

3729. Deldam] Doldam B ; Doldan a&S. 

3730. (jinnas] gumyas B ; Gymmas a ; Gunnas S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 26o 

k, bicome is men k, bihete him • to bere him truage • 

Ech ter & holde of him • & of his in seniage • 

Of |?isse brutaine he was king • «fc adde al so scotlonde • 

& yslonde & oreadas • vnder him & yrlondc • 

po winter was al ydo • to )?isse londe he wende • RecUUtus 

To bringe ]>e lond in god pais • & ]>e lawes amende • ^ '^ ^' 

Tuelf ler he bileuede ]70 here • mid nobleye ynou • nobilitas 

& }'e hexte men of mani londes • aboute him uaste 

drou • 
tic bigan to streng]?e is court • & to eche is mainie • 
Mid so gret plente huld is ho us • & mid so gret cor- 

teisie • 3740 

pat me ne mi^te of so noble los • man neiier vnder- 

stonde • 
& p>at ]7er nas noiir aboute • kniit of none londe • 
pat me tc^lde of eny ];ing • bote hii of sute were • 
Of king arthures hous • oJ?er som signe ]?er of bere • 



3731. Sf bicome] Bicomen o; Byconiyu /8. bihete'] byhijt /3 ; bighte 7. 
hini] ova.. 5. to] forto 5. bere] beren a. 

3732. Ech] Eche a. S^- holde] to holde a^. Sf of his] & his he 
londe a ; & his }pQ londe /3. 

3733. \>isse] >is a, ; >y3 B. brutaine] brytanye B. was] was >o 
Ba5 ; was J'an /8. 

3734. ydonde] B; yrlondc A; yslond a ; IsIoude/85. 

3735. to] in to Ba)35. \>isse] i^ys B ; J>is a. 

3736. )>e] Jiys B5 ; >is /3. god] om. /3. pais] pes Ba ; pees /3. 

3737. bileuede'] bilefde a. \>o] om. ay85. wuV/J wyth B ; in a;85. 

3738. J5e] om. B. hexte] hei^est fi. mani londes] maniie lond a ; 
many a londes y. uaste] he 5. 

3739. strengVe] astreng^y B; streug^i a. gf to] & ayS. eche] eke fi. 
maiiue] maignie a. 

3740. Mid] And myd B ; & mid a ; And with /83. so] om. a/35. 
AmW] holde B ; held a ; heldc /8 ; om. 5. mid] om. a/8. 

3741. me ne miyte .... w(c/h neuer] no man. . . . ne myte name a; no 
man . . . . ne myjt no man P ; no man ... , ne myght be 5. 

3742. ]f>at] om. a/8. 7ias] was no /8 ; nas ]?er 5. woMr] \>tre B. 
nour abotite kniyt] kni^t aboute her ne o; kny^t aboute here ne ^ ; 
knyjt there aboute here ne 7. o/"] in Ba/3. jiowe] no/85. 

3743. /iu] he B5 ; jif he a/3. s«<e] sywte B ; sivte a ; ]»e sute /3. 

3744. O/] Of )>e B. )>er of] of him 5. 



2G4 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Of robes o]>ev of armes • & ]>e gode mon was so hende • 
pat he aueng vawe echon • |?at to him wolde wende • 

foi.59b. 'Arthure- 

[181] Bote to sigge ssortliche • J^er nas ver ne ner • 
alii tim»nt ^^ prowesse lie of corteisie • in ]>e world is per • 
eum. Is los sprong so wide sone • of his largesse • 

Of streng]7e & of is corteisie • & off is prowesse • 3750 
To ]>e verrost ende of ]>e world • J?at such nas nour non • 
So ]?at o]?ere grete kinges • doutede him echon • 
Biionde J'e se in ech stude • & dradde ver & ner • 
pat hii come & binome hor londes • o]7er hor poer • 
Hii bigonne hor heite tonnes • & streng)?ede vaste 
aboute • 8755 

Hor castles & astori • |?at hii mi^te be Inne in doute • 
po ]:'is gode tidinge com • to )ns noble arthurg • 
Mid gode herte he Avolde • such tydinge yhure • 

3745. o>er] or S. Sf \>e gode mon'] J>at to ]>e gode (good ;8) men afi ; 
This good lord 5. 

3746. auenyl feng a ; fonge P ; fenge S. vawe'] fawe aS ; fayne /3. 
him] hem 5. 

3747. to] for to a/85. s<Vs"^] segge Ba ; seye j38. ssortliche] 
sothelicli 5. nas] ne was ;8. 7ias .... ner] was neuer none ere S. 

3748. in i>e] in al >8 /8 ; In )>is 5. loorld] worl B ; londe founde S. 

3749. so] om. a;35. 

3750. Of. . . ij-ofis] His strengthe & 5. of is] of ByS. Sfoff] 
and eke of 5. 

3751. verrost] ferest a; ferrest/8. such] such man B. 7ias] was ;35. 
nour] nowar a ; nowhere /3. 

3752. o]>ere] o>er Ba. . grete] om. 5. doutede] douted B, 
echo7i] euerychone S. 

3753. Biyonde \>e se] Bi^ende see B ; Bi ^onde see«. ech] eche Ba. 
^' dradde] & dradde him ayS ; Jjcy dradde 5. 

3754. pat] Laste a ; Lest j35. hii] he Ba^S. binome] nome oySS. 

3755. Sf streny\)ede] streugjjy B ; streng))i a ; to strengl^e j85. 

3756. castles] castellis 5. Sf astori] & storys B ; to astore S ; & astore 
hem ;3. mit^te <>e Inne] J^er Inne myjt be /8. Inne] )>ere o. 

3757. gode] om. afi, tidinge] tydyug B ; ti}>iuges aj8 ; tyj^yngs 8. 
com] come o)3. \ns noble] Jjys noble kyng B ; ]>q noble king a ; J>e 
noble kynge /85. 

3758. gode] god B. he ivolde] wolde he a/8. such] suche a. 
tydinge] ti)>iuges a/8 ; tyhynges S. yhure] hure /3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 2(j5 

He ]>oite come bi horn • & bringe some to lure • 

& to wimae al europe • tif he mi^te dure • 3760 

pe }»ridde del of al j^e world • europe icluped is • 

pat tyl)? ver fram bitonde rome • to l^e west worles 

ende y wis • 
Him ]?oite he adde yrest yiiou • no leng he nolde 

abyde • 
Is poer he let someny • )?at ysprad was wel wyde • paiacio 
& gTei]?ede is noble ost • & dude him in ]>e weye • [182] 

& dude him so in to he se • & verst to nortweye • ^^^^} 

f iiii'i- nortpweye. 

Nou was ]7e king of nor]?wey ded • perbiuore bi cas • 
& Lot J7at was is o]7om • ]7ulke kinges neueu was ■ 
& Jje king him adde ymad is eyr • ]7erbiuore longe • 
Ac |?e men of norweye nolde • vor prute him vnder 
uonge • 3770 

Ac adde ymade anoJ>er mon • king of ]>e londe • 
pat aien ]?e king arthure • hopede wel at stonde • 



3759. come] to come /3S. Iiomi ham )ut a; hem jit /8. some] 
ham a ; hem /35. 

3760. al] -yWX al Ba ; jit al j8. europe] J>e Europe 5. dure] hit 
endure 5. 

3761. \>ridde del] Jjriddeudel o.^. europe] \>e Europe 5. icluped] 
yclyped B ; callyd /3 ; called S. 

3762. tyl]>] tille> a/3. ver fram] fram ver B ; fer fram a ; fram j8 ; 
from 7 ; fram ferre 5. worles] worldis S ; om. a/3. 

3763. yrest] rest /3. no leng he nolde] he wolde uo lenger /3 ; no lenger 
wolde he S. 

3764. let someny] let sumny B ; somenede a; somonede |8. ysprad] B ; 
isprad a ; yspad A ; sprade ;8. wel] ryjt /3 ; ful 5. 

3765. & dude .... iveye] J^at he hadde in euere (euery 7) weye fiy. 

3766. dude . . . . se] anon toke }>e Se 5. so] om. a/3. ]>e] om. B. 
verst] vorst B. <o] into /35. Horjjzoeye] noreweyje a. 

3767. 7ior\>we2j] noreweyje a. \>erbiuore] byfore 5. 

3768. o]}om] oj'am a/8. \>idke] i>e B. 

3769. ^'J om. a/35. /i'«^] kind a (sic). ymad] mad B ; made /3. 

3770. >e mew] >ei /3. norweye] nor}>eweye B ; norewey a. /irw^e] 
pryde ;8. Aim] hem 5. 

3771. adde] Jjey had 5. ymade] made /375. ano];>er] on o]>er a. 
J?e] |>elke a ; J>ilke ; bat ilk 5. 

3772. ayen] aje a. j^g] om. /3. hopede toe/] was & hopede wel a8 ; 
was & hoped wel him 5. 



266 



TEE CHRONICLE OF 



Waweyn. 



Wawein 
fit miles. 



bellum in 
nor)5wcya. 

Oscisio 

regis 

norj'weje. 



Child wawein lotes sone • ]?ulke time uas • 

Bote tuelf ter & ];e pope of rome • ]?at child bitake 



was 



To norisy \>oyu. ]>e king arthure • & )?ulke time ri^t • 
pe pope bitok him armes • & is owe honde made him 
kni^t . 8776 

As \>e king arthure as ich sede • to nor)?weye com • 
pe king of j^e lond aten him • sone Jjen wey nom • 
Mid is poer tfc smite • an bataile strong ynoii • 
& ssedde blod in ei]?er side • & moche folc me slou • 
Ac hor poer of norweye • ydo was anon • 8781 

pe king him sulf was sone aslawe • & is men monyon • 
pe brutons hom sturede ]?o • & slowe & barnde uaste • 
So ]?at hii wonne al clene • norj^wey atte laste • 



fol. 60. 



• Arthure • 



conquisicio per after hii wonne denemarch • uor to do seruage • 
deuem . rj.^ -p^ king arthure euermo • & to here him truage 



3773. nas'] was B. 

3774. Bote'] Bote of Ba; Bot of 5 ; But of /3. tuelf yr] twelf )er 
elde a ; twelue jere olde /8. J^e] wi]? he afi ; to ^e 5. ]}at child] 
om. BajSS. bitake] ytake 5 ; om. ay8. 

3775. norisy] uorys B ; norischi a. Sf \>ulke time] J'ut time itake a ; 
J>at tyme ytake /3. 

3776. bitok him] hym tok B; him bitok >e a; him bitoke \>e $ ; him 
bitoke y ; him toke \>e S. is owe honde] eke a/85. 

3777. As] om. a;85. arthure] om. )3. nor\>weije] norweye B ; nore- 
wey^e a. 

3778. >e] om. B. sone }pen wey] J)eu wey sone B; sone hane wey a; 
soue ]?e weye /8 ; J^c weye sone 5. 

3779. smite] hi smite o ; J^ei smote /8 ; J^ey smytten 5. an] om. «/3. 

3780. m] on a/35. s((/e] lialf Ba ; halfe 5. 

3781. norweye] North wei^e a. ydo] done /3. 

3782. pe Am^ .... (/s/a!t'e] & he king sone aslawe a ; And )>e kynge 
sooue slayn y3 ; And J^e kynges sone slayn y ; And her kyng was sone 
yslawe 5. 

3783. hom] hym B. sturede \>o] stirred faste y. barnde] brent /9. 

3784. nor\>wey] Noreweije a. 

3785. to do] to don a ; to douu /3 ; to done y, 

3786. K'] om. o^5. ^ to] for to 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 267 

He made Lot is o|^om • king of norjnveye • Lot fit lex 

per after toward france • hii dude horn in ]>e weye • ^ ori>\\eye. 
Nou adde france jmlkc tyme • j^e cmperour leon « .. 'i^^^-^ 

& he bi tok in warde • an due ]?at net ftollon • o/90francie. 
pat hardy bodi was & god • & poer adde ynou • 
po he wuste ]?at ]?e king • arthur )?uder drou • 
Alle ]}e kni^tes & }7at folc • |?at in is poer were • bellum. 

He nom & niette j^e brutons • & smite batayle j^ere • victoria 
Ac al l^at hom was kite wor]? • vor aien |'e king '* 

arthure • 3795 

& is poer hii niitte • kitel wule dure • 

Vor euere wan he nom a lond • al ]>e bachelerie • Largitas & 

pat a^t was in }>e lond he nom • in is compaynie • eiiis 
& of is mayngnage vp is coust • &> uor he was so 

hende • 
Ech noblemon vawe was • mid him uor to wende • 
& ];e beste party of france • to him al so he drou • 
Vor he was so large & hende • j^at him com poer 

ynou . 3802 



3787. ojjom] o^am a/3. 7wr]>ivei/e^ Norewey^e o. 

3789. Nou .... ii/me'] pulke tyme hadde franco a; Thilke (Th3'llc S) 
tyme hadde Fraunce ;85. 

3790. he bi tok'] he bytoc yt B ; bitok hit a; bitoke hit /3 ; toke hit 5. 
in] ine a. cm fZ«c] o diik a ; o duke /3 ; to a Due S. 

379L poer adde] hadde power S. 

3792. ]puder] Jjederward a5 ; J^iderwarde jS. 

3793. ^ \>at] & J^e B5. nt] on o;3. 

3794. nom] toke j3. sniite batayle] bataile smite a ; Bataile smote /3 ; 
smj'tteu a batail S. 

3795. )>at hom] J^at ayS ; oiu. 5. vor] om. a^B. 

3796. §• is] And al his /3 ; For ajeyn his 5. lutd] Kite B , litel /3 ; 
hot lite S. dure] endure S. 

3797. ivan] wanne B. nom] toke ;35. a loml] o lond a ; one loude /8. 

3798. in is] on his a. 

3799. of] on a. maijnynaye] mayuageBay; nianyage 5. vp] vp 
on a ; vppon /3. 

3800. vawe was] was fawe a; was fayn ^ ; was fayne 8. 

3801. >e] om. B. party] partite a. he] om. B. 

3802. so large §• hende] hende & large afid. ]pat] J^at to B ; om. a^ ; 
to 5. com] cam a. ; came /3. 



268 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor me ne tolde wel ney of nomon • no|7er here ne 

]7ere • 
Bote he mid ]7e kinge arthure • In som manere were • 
[184] po ye due foUon ysey • ]?at is poer no ]?ing nas • 
fuga ducis. jjg £gy -jj^Q paris • mid wel quic pas • 3806 

& astorede ]?en toun • & strengj^ede him aboute • 
King arthure & is poer • asegede horn wi]?oute • 
conciiiium So J^at wij'inne a mon]7e • J?e due foUon ysey • 
de duello, p^^ fg ^qj^ yqj. defaute . & uor hunger deyde ney • 3810 
& ]?at is poer nas noj^ing • a2en ]>e king ar]7ure • 
He ]?o2te do is owe body • wat he mi^te dure • 
Vor he was strong ynou • & hardy • ]>e strengost of ]?is 

londe • 
To ]>e king arthure he sende • J'at he ssolde him vnder 

stonde • 
To do an batayle horn sulue tuo • mid hor owe 
honde • 3815 

& we]?er so mi^te aboue be • were louerd over o]?eres 
londe • 



3803. Vor'] om. a;35. me lie'] Men ne S ; Men $. ivel ney'] 
noujt )3. 

3804. Bote] Bote )if «; But yf 8. \>e] era. a)3. som] some a. 

3805. no )>ing] noujt /8. nas] wa.s ;85. 

3806. fley] fleu B ; flowe iS. into] vuto 5. mid] with y3. wel quic] 
rj^t a quycke /3. 

3807. ]>en] )>ane a ; l^at j8; the 7. streng)>ede] strengjje B. 

3808. if is] ■w' his 8. nscgede] aseged B ; bisegede a; biseged /3 ; 
byseged S. hom] hym B ; him afi. 

3809. a] o aS. 

3810. J3a< .... ney] That his men deyed for faute for hunger eueryche 
ney y. 

3811. nas] was 8. nas no);>ing] no J>mg nas a ; no l^inge was )3. J>e] 
om. B. 

3812. He] Ac he o; But he iS. do] don a; doun )3. owe] owen )8. 
?<>a<] wyle B ; ]?e while a;3. dure] endure 8. 

3813. ?/?<ou] man B; om. a;88. strengost] strengoste B ; strengeste a. 
)>is] ys B ; J>e aj3S. 

3814. \>e] om. aj35. ssolde him] him schulde j8. 

3815. an] om. a)3. owe] owene a; owen ;9. 

3816. over] oSBafiS. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 269 y 



pe kine- arthiire hurde bis • no sfladdore mon nas • assensus 

TT 1 -1 1 11 11 arthuri. 

Me sende word |>at al prest • to such batayle he was • p^g^j^^,^^ 

Sikemesse & treu]7e ypli^t • of )?is voreward hii nome • iuxta pmi- 

So \dX a certein day yset • to |?e batayle hii come • 

A lute wi]; oute paris • atyled wel ynou • 3821 

Moche was )?at folc aboute • J>at to l^is batayle di'ou • 

'ArtUure' foi eo b. 

Hii fondede hor steden uerst • hor lances su}j|?e hii nome* [185] 
& wi|; hard dunt & gret eir • to gadere sone hii come • 
King arthure aten |?e brest • is felawe verst ahitte • 
Aien ]?e brust |;at a vul • & ne mi^te no leng sitte • 
Ase sone as he miite • turne is hors • is suerd he drou 

]7ere • 
Vor to asaile him ]?erwi]? • ac ]?e o]7er was vp ere • 
& tef his stede wi]> j^e spere • a^en }?e brest de]?es 

wounde • 3829 

So ]7at bo]7e stede & king • leye sone atte grounde • 



3817. pe] \>o Ba; Whenne &. gladdore'] glader /3. nets'] \>o nas a; 

J?an nas j3 ; )>er nas 5. 

3819. treu\>e'\ trouj^e B. )>/s] his 8. 

3820. rt] at B ; to a a/3S. ]je] Jjys B5 ; >is a^. 

3821. atyled] atired a ; atirede /3 ; arayed 5. wel] \>Qi were ■wel ; 
they were y. 

3822. \>(U] i^e 5. folc] Ba ; fol A ; folke fi ; folk 5. 

3823. steden] stedes /8. uerst] vorst B. hor lances] & her lancen B. 
nome] name p. 

3824. ivi\>] mid a. dunt] dyntus 5. eir] yre B. sone] su^>)>e B. 
come] came j8. 

3825. King] fJe kyng B. ayen'] on 8. brest] bruste a. verst] 
uorst B. ahitte] an hytte B ; an hitte a ; he hitte ;8 ; hytte 8. 

3826. Ayen \>e brust] Mid gret eir u ; With gret ire 0. brust] breste B. 
a vtil] he vel B ; he fel a ; he felle ;3S. §* 7ie] & y ; |>at he 5. leJig] 
lenger j88. sitte] A-y ; sytte B ; atsitte o ; asitte 13. 

3827. Ase .... turne] So bat sone he turnde a ; So J>at soone he (he 
soone 7) turnede ^87. is suerd he drou] & di'ou his swerd ri^t a ; 
& drou) his swerde ry^t 0. 

3828. asaile] asayly B ; asaili a. vp] vppe Ba. 

3829. ^e/] ^af a. his] J>e Ba/38. ivi\>] mid a. Jje] ys B ; his /8S. 
a^ew \>e] ayen B ; in })e Ba/88. brest] bruste a. 

3830. ftojjg stede Sf] J>e stede & \>e 8. /e.'/e] leije a ; lye y ; laye 8. 
aY^e] at B ; at Jjc a. 



270 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po J>e bnitons seye ]ns - hii vorbere vnne)>e • 3831 

pat hii ne breke couenant • & bro^te }>an o])er to 

de]>e • 
Ac J?e king arthur keuerede vp • & asailede fullon 

vaste • 
& smite hor ei)>ev oj^er her & |?er • Sz harde duntes 

caste • 
So ]?at fullon wi\> a stroc • |?e brutons sore agaste • 
Vor ]>e king arthur a^en ]^e frount • he smot atte 

laste . ' 3836 

pat tif he nadde wiy ]>e sseld • somdel ])e dunt yhent • 
Siker he im adde aslawe • o]?er al out yssent • 
po king arthure it ivelede • & ysei al so is blod • 
Vpe is hauberc & is sseld • he was ney uor wra]?]je 

wod . 3840 

[186] He adrou sire calibourne • is suerd j^at was so god • 
fullon'?* & anowarde ]ye helm • mid wel stourdy mod • 

])en o]?er he smot & to clef • J^e heued mid ]?e wounde . 
He vel & ssoc |>e helm • & deide in a stounde • 



3831. seye'] isei^e a; yse 13. <;?me>e] onnej^e a. 

3832. couenant'] \^e couenaut B ; J^e Couenaunt S. Sf broyte ]pan o\)er'] 
to do hat oWv a$ ; to do the other y ; & ded >e o^er 5. J>an] J>en B. 

3833. J^e] om. Ba/3S. keuerede] keouerede a. fullon] follon Ba. 

3834. smite] sraitea a ; smoten ;3. hor] om. Baj35. 

3835. fullon'] follon Ba. ioi\>] uiyd B ; mid a. a] o a/3. 

3836. Vor \>e] om. a/3S. 

3837. nadde] ne hadde fi. uii\> \>e] mid his a ; v;\\> his yS ; w' his 5. 

3838. im adde aslawe] had him yslaya y. o\>er] outher y. yssent] 
ischent a ; yschent )3 ; sheut y. 

3839. po] The /35. it] J^is 5. ivelede] yuelde B ; ifelde a ; 
yfelde fi ; felte 5. ysei al so is] sey his owe a ; sawe his owen fi ; 
sawe his owii 5. 

3840. hauberc] haiibert B ; haiibreekc ;3. sseld] sselde B. he was 
. . . u'rrth>J'f] he was for wiaJ'C ney a ; he was for wrathe nere fi ; he 
was for wrothe ner y ; for wrath he was nyj 5. 

3841. adrou] drou B; adrowe /S ; droii S. sire] JjO a ; om. B. call- 
bourne] caleboiirne a ; Calliborne /3. 

3842. anoivarde] ouowarde a ; abouen )3. ivcl] ry^t j8, 

3843. pt'«] pane a ; The )3. \>e heued] \>a.t heued Ba ; >at heed yS. 

3844. He] pat he a/8. J>t' //(-//y;] \>et heued a ; J^e heed /3 j J^e helys 5. 
in a] in lute a ; iq a litel P, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 271 

po |?is dede was ydo • & ]>e o];er was ded ' 8845 patria 

pe conseil of france • sone nom hor red • arlhuro^ 

& to )'e king arthiire hom ^olde • ech man ]'at was 

wys . 
& tolde him vp al pat lond • & pe kej^en of paiys • 
pis was lo ]'e cornwelisse bor • of wan merlin spac 

ynou . 8849 

& pe cler leom of pe sterre • pat oner france drou • 
Som was ycome as he sede • of pis noble king arthure • 
Wei more me ssal herafter • of him ^ut yhure • 
t)o he adde vwonne france pus • &l al pis was ido • s^^^ . 

. 111. T 1 / . , bipartita. 

pis noble king arpure • delde is men atiio • 

pe king howel he bitoc • & oper princes al so • 8855 

pe del of is ost • to wende to peyto • 

Vor to winne ] at lond • & him sulf he wolde wende • 

Vor to winne seygnorie • aboute in oper ende • 

King howel wip is poer • wan sone peyto • perquisicio 

Al to king arthiires wille • & gascoyne al so • 3860 yasconie. 



3845. J5e] >ere B. 

3846. pe] put B ; Alle Jse 5. nom] om. a ; t)an toke /3. hor'] ys B. 

3847. J'fi] om. a^S. /io?w] liym B ; hi a; Jjei P. xohle] loulde o ; 
^elde 13. cch'] cucry o. u'cis'] om. /8. 

3348. >a?] J^e )35. /ici/cu] koyien a ; keyes /35. 

3849. /o] om. 5. cornwelisse'] Cornewailis /3 ; Cornewaylis y ; Corun- 

wail 5. of wau] of wham a; of whom yS ; J>at 5. apac] spec B; 

spake of S. 
38.iO. }>e] om. B. Itom] leome a ; leme ;S ; leme B7. 

3851. ycome] commyn /3 ; comjn 7. l>/s] J^e B. 

3852. more] om. B. me] men 3. yhure] iu hiire y. 

3853. he] om. 5. ywonne france] france ywonne a ; Fraunce ywoune/3 ; 
Fraimt ywonne 5. Jjms] om. aj35. 

3854. pis] Jje a. 

3855. o\>er] obere a ; \>e o\>cv B ; to other y. 

3856. pe 0] pat o Ba5 ; That one 0. 

3857. him sulfite] him sulfa; him self /3 ; he him self 5. 

3858. seygnorie] J)e signorye )3. 

3859. wi)>] mid a. 

3860. Omitted in 5. ^/] ora. aS. arthures] Ax\.\n\ve a. also] 
jser to ajS. 



normannie 
& aungeo. 




272 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi. 61. • -A-Tthure ' 

perquisicio pe king wan normandye • & al so god angeo • 
& witinne a nye ter • al l>is was ydo • 
[187] pe king wende J^o to parys • \o he adde ydo al Jjis • 
& alle ]?e heye men of ]?e lond • ]7uder come y wis • 
Hor omage of hom • & hor seruise he nom • 3865 

& lawes as he wolde im siilf • sette in ]?e kinedom • 
He tef ]?at lond of normandye • bedwer is boteler • 
& )?at lond of aungeo • kaye is paneter • 
& o]?er ]?ing o]?er he5^emen • & syker it made ynou • 
& su];|7e aboute leinte • toward ]?is londe di'ou • 3870 
po ]?e king arjjui-e com • here in to }?is londe • 
& so moche lond adde ywonne • & adde al so an 

honde • 
In ioye & blisse he was ynou • & alle )jat wi|? him 

were • 
concilium & aten witesontyd • hit was in \q ^ere • 

de rotundo 

tabulo 

{sic). 

3861. king'] king arthur a; kynge Arthure |3. loan'] won B. al so] 
ek a ; eke j3. god"] J^e good 5 ; om. afi, 

3862. ^'] & al a ; And al ;8. a mje] o ny^e a ; nyue |3 ; an nyne 5. 
al \>is] Jjis nobleie a ; Hs nobley ;8. ?/rfo] do /8. See Appendix R. 

3863. \>o to] to ct;8. ?/rfo] doii 5. ydo al] al do y. 

3864. ^-j om. $. alle \>e heije] al hey B. \)e] om. B. \>iider] 
t>edere o. come] hi come a ; ]>ei come |8. 

3865. For] Al here a ; Alle here )35. omage] homages B. 

3866. lawes] ]>e lawes BaySS. m] on Ba/8S. 

3867. bedwer] to Bedwere 5. 

3868. /crtye] kaxe B ; kayi^e a. paneter] panyter a ; panter B ; 
Pantere j8. 

3869. ]>i7ig o\>er heyemen] strange men o}>er >iug a; straunge men o)>er 
Hnge j3. o)jer] to o^ere S. 

3870. leinte] lenten S. toward \>is londe] to engelonde o ; to Eug- 
londc ^. droii] he drou a ; he drou^ j85. 

3871. be] om. afi^. here] hedir 5. in to] in B; vnto 5. 

3872. §• adde] & 5. al so a??] al on a/3. 

3873. io.ye] yoe B. Sf] & in 5. «'/>] mid a. 

3874. aje??] a)e a. witesontyd] i>e wytsontyde a • jje witsontyde ; ^e 
Wytsontid S. 



ROBERT OF OLOUCESTER. 273 

He |;o^te ]>e heye feste • of wytesonetyd do • 3875 

Wip> honour among is men • & |?at alle come )?erto • 

Boj^e kinges & dukes • & erles echon • 

Barons & kni^tes • &5 squiers monyon • 

Leuedies & maidens • & ech mon • j^at a^t were • 

In eny lond p>at it was • ]?at hii were alle ])eve - 3880 

Of Jjis rounde table • is ban aboute he sende • 

pat ech a witesonetyd to carleon wende • 

A toun }>at is in glammorgan • vpe ]?e water of osk 

ydo . 
A lute bisyde seuerne • in murye stude al so • 
Vor me may ];ere in ]>e souj^half • al bi ]>e se lede • 
Fram o]fer londes god ynou • to endy such a dede • 
In ]>e o]?er half hep grete wodes • lese & mede al so • 
So ]?at ]?er nas non defaute • such noble J^ing to do • 
per come to J?is rounde table • as he sende is ban • [iss] 

Auncel king of scotlond • & al so viyan • 3890 ygnien- 

pat was king of murifens • & king of nor}? walls • cium. 

Cadwal & al so seater • king of sou]?walis • 
Cador king of cornwayle • & erchebissopes al so • 
Of Londone & of euerwyk • & of carleon J>er to • Comites. 

3875. do] to do a/3. 

3876. Wii>] Mid a. 

3877. echo7i] ek echon a; also echone $ ; euerychone 5. 

3878. Sf squiers'] squeers B. 

3879. Leuedies] Laydyes B ; Lefdi^es a. maidens] raaideues a, 

3880. it] ys B ; is o/35. 

3881. \>is] J)isse a; ys B. is] this y. ban] bayne )3; spnde 5. 

3882. ech] eche B ; eche man S. a] at a;Q5. witesonetj/d] wyt- 
sontyde a/S. wende] }jo wende a ; J)an weude /8 ; J>o went S. 

3884. murye] murine o ; the myrie y ; a merye 5. 

3885. \>ere in] al bi Jjb a ; al by J^e /3; alle by l^e 5. al] om. a)3. 

3886. o)>er] oJ>ere a. endy] ende ^. 

3887. J>e] om. B. o\>er] oJ>ere a. 6eJ>] ben )3 ; bene y. lese] leseo 5. 
3388. So] om. a/SS. nas non] vas no B ; nis no a ; is no /8 ; was no 5. 

noble] om. S. to] for to 5. 
3889. ban] baan $. 

3891. murifens] muryfycens B ; merifons 5. /,/«i/] also V>0 ; ek o; 
eke 5. 

3892. Cadwal] Gadwale $. al si>] ck a ; eke /35. scatrr] St;ilcr /}. 
3894. ic (if carleon] of kaeileon a. cV] om. /3. carleon] caileu B. 

S 



274 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Erles )?er come ek monion • as J^e erl of gloucestre • 
Moroud & Ingemer • erl of leicestre • 3896 

Mauron erl of warewik • & cursal of cicestre • 
Gallut erl of salesbury • lonatal • of dercestre • 

foi. 61b. 'Arthure- 

Kjninnar erl of kanterburi • of hsipe sire vrgen • 
"" ~^; Bose lerl of oxenford ' |?at were alle noblemen • 3900 
^e barons & kniites • ]>&t of J^is londe a day • 
At J>is rounde table were • noman telle ne may • 
reges. Kinges ];at were of yles • as king of yrlonde • 
Gillam & al so malueys • king of yslonde • 
Lot king of nor|?wey • & doldam of godlonde • 3905 
& ]?e king of orcadas • &i of denemarch ich vnder 

stonde • 
Kinges ek of byionde se • as kay of aungeo • 
Bedwer of normandye • Gwider of peyto • 
Ligger of coloyne • &l al so ]?e dosse pers • 3909 

Of france were Jjer echon • J^at so noble were & fers • 
[189] His neueu king howel • of ]>e lasse brutayne al so • 

Mid so vair uolc J>uder com • & mid so gret charge 
]?er to • 

3895. gloucestre'] Gloucestrye B. 

3896. Moroud] Morond B ; Moroude 5. Ingemer] Ingomer B. erl] 
\>e erl a ; Jje Erie ^. See Appeudix, Note R. 

3897. Mauron] Marou B. 

3898. Gallut] Galluc Bo^ ; Galluk y ; Galuc 5. dercestre] dorcestre 
B)3 ; Dorccestre a ; Derkchestre 5. 

3899. Kyninnar] Kymmar Ba)3S. 

3901. pe] om. 5. kiii-^tes] J^e kyn^tys B ; Jjiskni^tes a; the kuy^tes /3, 
\>is] hys B. londe] lond a. a day] J^at day y3 ; \>aX daye S. 

3902. At] That at 5. >is] hys B ; >isse a ; >e 5. ne] om. 5. 

3903. \>at] Jjer B. were] were eke Ba5 ; were also /3. as] ar >e B ; 
ase ^e a ; as }>e j85. 

3905. nor\>wey] norl^eweye B ; uorewey^e a. of godlonde] kjTige of 

godlonde )3. 

3907. ek] om. oj85. byyonde] byjende B. se] )>esee/8. of] & /8. 

3908. Gwider] & Gwider a^. 

3909. coloyne] colonye B. al so] eke aj85. dosse pers] douj piers S. 

3910. so] om. aj35, fers] ferys fi. 

3911. lasse] om. A. brutayne] briitenye B. 

3912. vair] farre 5, charge] om. /8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 275 

Of mules &D of cartes • & of hors mid alle gode • 
pat \>er nas non so wyttimon • ]?at it al vnder stode • 
per nas bituene ]>is & spayne • no prince wij^oute al 

>is . 3915 

pat nas at l^is rounde table • & at is feste ywis • 
& no wonder uor J^e kinges los • so wyde sprong ynou • 
Of godnesse & of cortesye • ]?at hor herte to him 

drou • 
po ]?is heymen were alle ycome • & ]>e heye tyme al so • festum. 
Of )?e wytesonetid • ])e feste uor to do • 3920 

pe erchebissopes were ybro^t • to sette J?e kinges 

croune • 
On is heued ac sein dubric • of ]>e sulue toune • corona 

Was erchebissop him biuel • ]?e croune on him do • 
& |;e seruise ek of holi chirche • J^at biuel |?er to • 
po ]?e croune was on is heued • & ydo ech o]?er j^ing • Duccio 
Tueye erchebissopes • ladde j^is noble king • 8926 ^^^^^' 

To j^e chirche of ]>q heye munstre • & }»at tede biuore [i9o] 

him ]?ere • 
Four kinges & four suerdes • of golde biuore him bere • 

3913. Sf of cartes'] of caites B ; & cartes S. mid alle} & alle /8 ; and 
of al y. 

3914. lias] was j3. wi/ttimon'] wytty a man S. 

3915. 7ias} ne was ; was 5, spai/tie] spanye B. 

3916. 7jas] he ne was /3. i>is] J>isse a ; his /8 ; om. 5. table} table 
\>o S. is} Jjys B ; )>is a,8 ; his "y ; j^e 5. 

3918. Sf} om. a/8. 

3919. heyvmi} hei)e men a. alle} al B; om. 0^35. &f \)e} & )>is afi ; 
& J>ys 5. 

3920. 0/>e] Of B. 

3921. erc/jeJzssopes] herchebyssopes B ; archiebisshopes 7. 

3922. heued^ hefd a. ac} and 0/8. dubric} Diibuic 5. \>e} 
om. B. sulue} same )3. toune} tyme B. 

3924. ek} om. o/SS. ek of holi chirche} of holy chyrche ek B. holi} 
holije a. 

3925. po] om. a^5. \>e} om. B. ydo} ydo was B5 ; ido was a; 
doun was /S ; done was y. 

3926. Tueye] 8i twije a ; And two /8. erchebissopes} Erchebischopes 
Jjo 5. i>is noble} }>isne a ; l>iin Ye 0. 

3927. o/}>e] of B. Sf \>at} And j^er B ; i>ev afi ; And bere S. jerf«] 
5 code Ba ; went 5. 

3928. if} mid a ; with /3. 

s 2 



cantus. 



276 THE CHEONICLE OF 

Verst ]>e king of scotlond • & ]>e king of norpwalis • 
&; pe king of cornwaile • & J?e king of sou}>walis • 3930 
0]7er bissopes & prelats • biuore )?is king arjnu'e • 
& clerkes songe as rizt was • j^at ioye it was to hure • 
Duceio In ]>e o]?er half ):'e quene was • of erchebissops al so • 
regme. yiad & ycrouned ek • as ritt was uor to do • 

& to ano]?er munstre ylad • & vour quenes biuore hire 
wende • 3935 

pe voure kinges wines • )?at we biuore nemde • 

fol. 62. • Arthure • 

& foure wite colfren • al so biuore hire bere • 
pe compainye of leuedies • wel gret al so were • 
dulcis po hii were to chirche ybrott • eyj^er in is side • 

So murye & so gret was ]?at song • ]?at me song ]>er- 

inne wyde • 3940 

pat pet folc stod j^at per was • as hii were ynome • 
Ne hii nuste to we)?er chirche • murgore it was to 

come • 



3929. Verst] Vorst B. cV] and sethe 5, 

3931. 0]>er'] And oljere S. \>is kini/'j the kynge y, 

3932. sottge'] Ba;8 ; songeu 5 ; soue A. 

3933. J>e oher] oj^er B. half] syde j3. 

3934. ycrouned'] crouued |8. uor] om. j8. 

3935. ano\>er] no^er B ; on oj^ere a. munstre] Monasterie 5. ylad] 
ladde y. quenes] queuene a. hire] om. a. 

3936. we] were a;3. nemde] ynempde a; nempnede j3. 

3937. colfren] colueren a/85. al so biuore hire] byuore hyr also B ; 
bifore hure al so a ; by fore hure also $. here] hei bere /8 ; >ey 
bere 5. 

3938. compainye] coupjiny^es a; companyes y3. leuedies] laydyes B ; 
lefdi^es a ; ladies /8. wel (/ret al so] al so greto a ; also gret 0. 
ivere] ywere a ; J)ei were /3. 

3940. murye Sc so f/ref] gret & murye B; coryous & merye S. jnurye] 
murine o. so] om. a^. \}at me .... u\i/de] In i>o two 
monasteries large & wyde 5. 

3941. \H;t] beB; om. afiS. stod] atstod a; astoined 13. iras] 
were B. as ... . ynome] Byght as f>ey had be uome 5. 

3942. Ne hii 7iusle] That ^ei nyst P ; And hey nyst S. mnryore] 
nuirgoryo B ; mnryer /3 ; Meryor 5. it] om. S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 277 

pe king was to is paleys • )^o }>e seruisc was ydo • reditus ab 

Ylad wi|7 is meyne • & ]>e quene to hire al so • ^^ ^^^'^' 

Vor hii hulde ]>e olde vsages • ]7at men wij? men were • [I'Ji] 

Bi horn sulue & wymmen . bi horn sulue al so |?ere • ' 

po hii were echon yset • as it to hor stat bicom • seruiciuui 

Kay king of aungeo • a J'ousend knittes nom • ^^^^'^ "" 

Of noble men • yclo];ed • in ermine echon • 

Of syw^te & seruede • at J'is feste anon • 3950 

Bedwer )?e boteler • king of normandye • 

Nom al so in is alf • a uayr compaynie • 

Of o sywte uor to semi • of |?e botelerye • 

Biuore |?e quene it was al so • wi]? a such corteisye • 

Vor to telle al J^e nobleye • J'at j^er was ydo • 3955 

pey my tonge were of stel • me ssolde nott dure j^er to • 

Womman ne kepte • of no kni^t • as in druerye • 

Bote he were in amies wel yproued • & atte leste J^rie • 



3943. Am*/] om. A. leas'] went 5. ,'/f^o] do &. 

3944. Ylad] Ryally 5. wi\>] mid o. is] l>js B. mcijne] menye 13. 
hire] hure a ; hurs j8 ; herys 5. 

3945. wi\>] mid a. 

3946. wymmen] wimraan a. 

3947. were] weren a. yset] isete a ; sette )3. as it'] as ay35 ; and j. 
ste<]Ba ; State ;8 ; astate S; stot A. bicom] bicam a ; bigaiie /8 ; biganno 
y; bycam S. 

3948. king] JjC kynge S. aungeo] auugeo a. a Youscnd] fif (fyue /3) 
hundred a/8. nom] nome B ; nam a ; name y35. 

3949. yclo\>ed] cloj^ed /8. echon'] eueryclioue S. 

3950. o] on B5 ; one a^ ; oon y. at] as B ; al a. fesle] noble 
feste Ba ; noble fest ,65. 

3951. Bedwer] Bediwer a. of] om. a. 

3952. Nom'] Toke ;85. in] on a/SS. a] o a ; anoJ>er /3. 

3953. o] on B5 ; one o/S ; oon y. sywte] sywyte B. semi] serue P. 
of] alonly of ;8 ; allonlyofy. botelerye] Boterye /3. 

3954. u-i]f>] of B ; mid a. a such] al suclie B^SS ; al such a. 

3955. al [>e nobleye'] J>e noblcy alle /S. al] of 5. \>er icas] ',vas 
Jjer a^. 

3956. me ssolde no^t dure] ich ne schoide duii a ; 1 ne schulde dure yS ; 
hit mjght noght endure 5. 

3957. Womman] Wymmen 15/3 ; Wimman a. ne] om. y^. heptc] 
kepe a. of] om. 6- hni-'yt] kynge 5. 

3958. he] \>cy S. //{ armts wel yproued] in anues wel yprowed B ; of 
arme.s iproued a ; of arnies ypreuede /3 ; ypreuyd in amies 6. cV] 
om. aQ. atte leste] B ; atte laste A ; at he kslc u ; ;it he lest 5 ; at he hi:>{fi. 



278 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat made lo ]>e wimmen • )7e chastore lif lede • 
&5 ]>e knittes |7e stalwordore • & ]?e betere in hor 
T ,. , dede • 3960 

hastiiudia " Sone after 'pis noble mete • as ritt was in such tyde • 
dium^'^^^' P® knittes atyled horn • aboute in eehe syde • 
[192] In feldes & in medes • to prouy hor bachelerye • 

Some wij? laimce & some wij> siierd • wi];oute vileynie • 
Wi)? pleyn de atte tables • o];er atte chekere • 8965 
Wi]? castinge o]?er wi]? ssetinge • oj'er in som manere • 
& woch so of eny game • adde pe maistrie • 
pe king hom of is tiftes dude • large corteysie • 
aspectus Vpe J?e alures of J?e castles • j^e leuedyes Jeanne stode • 
domina- ^ bihulde ]?is noble game • & wuche knittes were 
™"' gode . 3970 

AUe J^e pre hexte dawes • laste ]>h nobleye • 
In halles & in veldes • of mete & eke of pleye • 
retribucio pis men come |?e ver]?e day • biuore ]?e kinge l^ere • 
promeritis. ^ ^® }^^ ^^^^ large ^iffces • euere as hii worj^e 
were • 



8959. K] Jjo aPS. chastore^ chaste 5. lede'] to lede y. 

3960. stalwordore'] stalwardere a ; stalworJ>er )8. 

3961. in] of B. 

3962. atyled] atiredeo; atired i35. 

3963. feldes] felde aS. prouy] preue B/8 ; preoue a. 

3964. wi\>] mid a (bis). Sf] om. BajSS. wi\>oide] ■wythouten y. 

3965. TFi'J'] Mid a. pleynde] pleyn de A ; pleyynge BS ; plei^inge a ; 
pleynge /3. atte] at Yq ajSS ; at B. o)>er] or j8 ; and oj^ere 5. 
atte] at )>e aj8. 

3966. 'Wi)>] Mid a. wi\>] mid a. som] som ogyrt B ; some ©Jjcre 
a ; somme o^er /3 ; som oj^ere S. 

3967. woch so] wuch so B ; who so S ; whuch \>o a ; whiche ^jan j8. 

3968. yftes] 5yfte> B. large] ful large 5. 

3969. 'Vpe] Opon a. alures] Aleres S. leuedyes] laydes B ; 
lefdies a. 

3970. bihulde] bihul o. \>is] J>at afiS. noble] om. 5. wMcAe] 
whiche a. kni-^tes were] were knytes a ; were knyjttes fi ; were 
knyghtis 8. 

3971. hexte dawes] hei^est dayes /8. laste] ylaste B ; lastid y. \>is] 
J>e a. 

3973. pis men come] jDeos comen a ; Thise comen /3 ; They come 5. 

3974. horn"] om. j3. trorjje] om. o/38. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 270 



• Arthurs • foi. 62 b. 



Bissopriches & chirches • clerkes he tef some • 

& castles & tounes • knittes J^at were ycome • 

Sein dauit was J>e kinges vncle • him he tef aday • Sanctus 

pe erchebissopriche of karleon • as he him wel by say • ' 

Vor he was sui];e holyman • Sz, an mimstre he let rere • 

pat me clupe]? in walis sein dauid • & tut he li]? ]?ere • 

pe bissopriche of wincestre • a god mon he tef ]?o • [193] 

Of chichestre an o]?er • & ^ut o]?er mo • 

pe wule ]7e king & is men • aboute }?is nobleye were • uuncii 

per come in tuelf olde men • wi}? euene pas ]7ere • 

Men of wel vair semblant • & branches hii here • 

Of oliue as in signe • }>at hii aien pays nere • 3986 

A lettre hii toke ]?e kinge • ]?at ]fO he hit let rede • 

Fram |?e senatour of rome • hii come & ]7us sede • Utere. 



3975. (§•] om. a/85. clerkes'] and chekkeris 5. ^ef] yaue y. 

3976. ^ castles'] Castles afiB. kni'^tes] to knyghtis 5. jf>at. . . . . 
ycome'] hat )>e pley begoaue 5. were] were huder a ; were )>ider )3. 

3977. dauit] dauid Ba. him he yf] him ^e ^af a ; he jaf him S. 
aday] J>at daye 5. 

3978. erchebissopriche] bisschopriche a ; Bischopryche 3 ; byschoprich 5. 
he] om. )3. him] om. Ba/35. 

3979. sui\>e] ry^t j8 ; right an 7 ; ryght an 5. an] om. B; he aj35. 
nmnstre] Monasterie S. he] om. B. rere] arere S. 

3980. ?«e c/»</)et>] me clepuj> B ; hatte a ; hat 5 ; hy^t ^; hightc y. he 
li)?] he ligget a ; liggeh B. 

3981. a] o aB; 00 7 ; to a 5. 

3982. ano);>€r] ek ou oher a ; eke anoher B ; eke to anoJ>erc 5. ^ yit] 
jyt he ^af S. o^er] o^ere a. 

3983. ?t'M/e he] Avhile hat he 8. he hiny] Hug Arthur o; kynge 
Arthur e B- 

3984. come] comen a. ivi\>] mid a ; myd B. 

3985. Men] Hi were a ; Thei were ;8 ; They were 5. wel] ryjt B ; 
om. 5. 

3986. ]>at] om. ^. /u' ayen pays] aje he pes hi a ; ajeu he pees hei /3. 
ajc?j] of B. pays] pes a ; he pes 5. nere] were B. 

3987. A lettre^ Lettres a; Letteres B; Letters y ; Lettrys 5. Iiii toke] 
he too B. hit] ham o ; hem /85. let] lete a)35. 

3988. h«5] bys B. 



280 THE CHllONICLE OF 

Lucye senatour of rome • to ar|?ure )>e kinge • 

Send ]?at he of serued ap • wijjoute gre tinge • 3990 

Moche me wondred »Sz; ouermoche • of |;ine reuerye • 

Of Jjin cruel lu]?erhede • & of ]7in robberye • 

& nameliche of f>in vnriit • ichabbe gret dedeyn • 

pat ]70u to }?e noble stude of rome • dest mid al |'i 

mayn • 
& jmt };ou nelt him iknowo • ne do J^in seruage • 
Ne vnderstonde hou lu|>er it is • to do cny outrage • 
Ojjer winny out ]?e noble stude • ]:'at al j>e world abue]) 

to . 
Vor ]>ine aimcetres hit dude al • )?at we J?e hote]? 

do. 
& )>ou as in gi-et despit • of so noble seignorie • 3999 
Ne at halst nott one ])i truage • ac mid ]>i I'euerye • 
[194] Rauissest france & oj^er londes • J^at bi weste be]; 

echon • 
pat here truage to rome • & )>oru )?e ne de]> nou non • 



3989. se7iatour'] J>e cenatour B ; \>e senatour a$. senatour of rome'] 
of Rome Senatoure 5. ar]>ure'] arture B. 

3990. .Senrf] Sendeh /3. o/ serMcrf] ofte serued B ; serued 5. wi\)Oute'] 
wythouten y. 

3991. ivon(l?-ed] wondrej) Ba; wondre)je 5. J?/7ie] )?y B. 

3992. OJ"} And of 7. \>in'\ \>[ 0/8. lvj>erhede] wickede liedc a; 
■wiekydhed 5. of] om. 5. )>m] M a0. 

3993. imri^t] ouri^t a. ichabbe'] I haue /S. dedci/ti] disde3'iie 5. 

3994. \>ou to] om. 5. dest] dost 13 ; doost y. 

3995. Sf] om. a;35. nelt] nylt /8. him iknoice] him knowc ^3 ; hit 
knowe 5. \>in] J>i afi. 

3996. Ne] No j8. do] don a; doun j8. 

3997. OWr] And 5. winny] Averny B ; wenini a; harme j8 ; weyfe 5. 
out] oujt afi ; owte S. abuc])] bowe)' afi. 

3998. uuncvtrcs] auncestros a. hit'] om. Ba,Q5. dude] dudcn a ; 
didcn j3 ; deddcn 5. \^r. hot(\>] hotche \>i to 5. 

3999. iS"] As 5. so] he S. 

4000. Neat halst] Ne withhohlist /3 ; Uakkst 5. one] 15a; oalic'iu/i; 
oonly y ; out A ; om. 5. \>i] )nne a. reueriie] pruerie 5. 

4001. Rauissest] Tiauysest B; Rauicest a. o\>er] om. a;8. 

4002. 7<e] om. 5. de\>] do^ Ba. de^ nuu'] uowe do)'e 5. nou non] 
noit non B; nou nont on a; no\t one /3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 281 

Vor |>anne of j^e gret despit • j^e noble court of rome • 
Ri^t wol abbe of J>e ywis • |?at |?ou horn misdest ylome • , , t 

Amidde haruest we |?e sette); day • of j^is nexte ^ere • \j^'' Aj^i 
At rome iior to ansuerye • & ]?at )70u be ]n sulf j^ere • * V> ^ 

We ]?e bote]? uor to auonge . j^at ]>q court J?e wole deme • 
& bote J>ou do of one ]>mge • nym wel god leme • 
pat icholle |?e mi sulf seche out • & ]>oru suerd re- 
store • 
Al ]>at I?! reuerye • vs a]? binome & more • 4010 Dedignacio 

pis was a prout mandement • & an heiuol dede • 
pe king adde j^er of gret despit • \>o he hurde it rede • 

• Arthure • fol. 63. 

Vor J^e uerste truage ];at he sende to rome • of seluer 

dper of golde • 
pat was kicyes body aslawe • burye lit hii it wolde • 
pe king clupede no^t uor ]?an -is conseil sone • 4015 concilium 
To ansuere to |ns mandement • wat were best to done • dato. 



4003. Vor \>a?me'] For \>j S ; Whare for j8 ; Wherfore y. 

4004. wol abbe] wil haue 5. tcol abbe of )>e] of the wol haue $. 
ham misdest'] hym dest B ; misdest a ; mysdedist fi ; dost hem 5. 

4005. Amidde'] At myd S. )>e sette]>] settej' he a ; sette)> }>ee 3 ; sette 
the 7 ; setteh S. 

4006. nor] om. o/8. unsuerye] answerije a ; auswere /8. ^•] ova.. afiS. 
be \>i sulf] be he sulf B ; thi self be y. 

4007. auonge] afonge 5 ; fonge a/3. he wole deme] wil ordeyne 5. 

4008. bote] bot yf S. do] om. a/3. nym] nune a ; take /35. ivel] 
ry^t /3. yod] ^ode B. 

4009. \>at icholle] hat ychylle B ; I wil 5. he mi sulf] mysulf he B ; 
mi sulf he a ; my self her /3 ; he 5. sedie] scchyn B ; secheu S. §•] 
om. a;35. restore] & restore a;85. 

4010. ^' /v/o>r] and eke more y. 

4011. ««] on o. haitiol] heifol a. 

4012. h«" 0/"] om. 5. hurde it] hit hurde a; hit hard )S. 

4013. 'Vor] But )3 ; om. 5. neisle] vors>te B. sonde to rome] to 
rome ^af a;8 ; to Rome yaue y; iaf 5. of seluer . . . ijoldc] was 
neyhere siluere ue golde 5. 

4014. )patwas] Was a;8 ; Bot 5. body] bod B ; om. S. aslawe] 
slayne j3 ; yslayne S. yf hii it] hit who so a/3 ; it who so S. 

4015. clupede'] cluped B; clepedc a; callid fi. noxt] ac no^t B. 
voxt uor h«"] anone han ;3. so:ic] wel sonc B ; to him sone (soone ;S) a/35. 

' 16. To] om. rt. ansuere] ansuerye B; Answeriie a. 



282 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



clictuni 
cadour. 

[195] 



dictum 
arjjure. 



Cadour erl of cornwayle • stocl & somdel lou • 

& verst sede is auys • mid god wille ynou • 

Sire he sede her biuore • ich abbe ybe sore adrad • 

Leste ]?at ydel lif • ]7at ];ine men abbej? ylad • 4020 

Nou moni day out of los • tSz; in sleu]7e hom bro^te • 

Vor wanne men be]? al ydel • ]>at er batailes sotte • 

Hor ydelnesse hom ssal bringe • to sunne of lecherye • 

To tauerne & to sleu]?e • & to hasardrie • 

Hit is ney vif ter ]?at we abbe)? • yliued in such 

vice • 4025 

Vor we nadde nott to done • & in such delice • 
& J?er wi]? nis nott god ypaid • ]?eruore he sip ibroit • 
pe romeins in such wille • ]?at we nere to ydel nott • 
Ac ]7at we come to vr stat a^en • of vre verste prow- 

esse • 
Leste we velle in dedlich sunne • vor vre ydelnesse • 
po he adde ysed is auys • & o]?ere him bere wit- 

nesse • 4031 

pe king ar]?ure sede is • al in gladnesse • 

4017. eW] klug a; kynge ;85. Sf somdel'] somdel and B. 

4018. verst'] verste B. sede] he seide afi. mid] myde B. 'jod] 
gode a. 

4019. ich abbe ybe] ich was a; I was /85. adrad] drad B. 

4020. Leste] Laste B. \>at] \>q 5. ydel] idele a. abbc\> ylad] ban 
ladde j8. 

4021. jno7ii] mani^e a. day] AB7; o day a; a day y35. Sf] al aS ; 
alle p. 

4022. batailes] bataile ctj8. 

4023. Hor] Her B ; Vor a ; For )35. hom] era. 5. hom ssal] schal 
ham a ; schal hem ;8. to siinnc of] to sj'nne B ; to syunc & /8 ; 
hem to synne of 5. 

4024. §• to hasardrie] & eke to h. S. 

402.5. \>at] om. a. we abbe\> yliued] ^e habbej' ilyued a ; ^e haue}> 

lyued /3 ; ^e haue lyued 5. such] suche a. 

4026. Vor] Vor hat a ; For >at j8. nadde] hadde /8. §•] hot lyue 5. 
such] suche a. 

4027. \>er wi\>] \>er mide a. nis] is H ; ys 5. jperuore] & J>er fore a/S. 

4028. nere to ydel] to ydel were 8. nere] ne were /S. 

4029. come] rome A. stat] astate S. 

4030. Leste] Laste a. 

4031. ysed] iseyd a ; yseide /3; seyde y. Sf] om. a$S. 

4032. sede] ho fceyd 5. is] his ho a ; his han P. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 283 

Xe louerdinges he sede ]>a,t ich abbe • in conseil & in 

batayle • 
Ifonded as uor anante me • j^at nolde me neuere 

faile • 
Do]? nou]7e al loiir wit j^er to • me wel to consayle • 
& ich hopie we ssolle|> ]>e lasse recche • of \>e romaynes 

tayle • 4036 

Vor me |?inche]? mid vnritt • hii eschej> vs truage • [196] 

Vor luli cesar hit nom verst • mid strengj^e & outrage • 
Vor deseord & contek • f»at bituene vr eldorne was 

)70. 

He nom it verst mid vnriit • & brotte J'at lond in 
wo • 4040 

& l^ing ]?at is mid streng]?e inome • hou mitte it be 
mid riite • 

Vor he na}? reson non • bote robberie & miite • 

& mid as god reson mowe we • of hom esse ywis • 

Bere he ]7anne J?e truage • ]?at bine]7e is • 

4033. ■^e] om. afiS. louerdinges'] lordynges fi. abbe'] haue aj8. 

4034. anante me] a^te men B ; aujte a ; au^t y3 ; ow^t men 5. noldc 
?ne] me nolde Baj85 ; me wolde y. 

4035. 7iou\>e'] nou B ; om. a/35. yoiirl euro a. ivit] wj'ttes /3. 

4036. ich hopie] om. oj85. sso//eJ>] ssolle B ; scholle a ; schulle )3. 
lasse] lesse j8. of] of al fi. 

4037. ]>i7ichei>] Hnchez a. 7nid] Jjatw'S. esche]}] essej^ B ; essche>a; 
asken fi. vs] ova. 5. 

4038. lull] lulius o. nom] wan a; wanne j8. nom verst] first wan 5. 
outrage] myd outrage B. 

4039. Vor] poruB. vr] ourea; Ler . eldorne] elderne B ; 

vlderne o; eldr^s y3 ; elder 5. was] vas B. 

4040. nom] wan a5 ; wanne fi. it] om. B. vnriyt] swerd a ; 
swerde /35. \>at] Jje 5. 

4041. )?ing . . . i?iome] J^at hi woune mid streugj?e «; >at hei (jjey 8) 
wonne with strengj>e /8S. mid riyte] injA rj'^t B ; ry^t/8. 

4042. 7ia]>] nade a; had /3 ; ^af 5. bote robberie ^] midrobberi^e he a ; 
with robberye he ;3 ; Robberye he 5. miyte] my^t B/3 : rayght 5. 

4043. i/tid . . . we] myd as resou we mowe B ; we mid swiche reson 
wolle}> o; we with such resoii wolle /3 ; w' w' suche reson wollej^e 5. 
esse] esche o ; aske /8 ; eke S. 

4044 Bere he \>an?ie] Aske 5. J^e] J>e o^er B ; obere a ; ot>er j3 ; 

anohere 5. i^at] ^>at now S. is] nou is a ; nowe is 0. 



284) THE (JHllONICLE OF 

Vor Iiili & o]>eve emperours • hii seggej? come ];er to • 
pat emperours were of rome • ich may segge al so • 
[197] pat min aimcetres of |?e lond • wule womie rome • 

As bely j^e noble king • |7at ^e abbe]? yhurd ylome • 
& constantin eleyne sone • ze wite]; wel rome nom • 
& su]>]>Q maximian • }>at of hor beyre blod ich com • 

foi. 63 b. • Arthure • 

Min aimcetres hii were alle ])rc • & kinges of j^is 

londe • 4051 

& wonne ]?e aumperye of rome • &5 boj^e addo an 

honde • 
Of france & of o))er londes • )?at wc wonne mid vre 

mitte • 
We mowe segge |?at we nabbe]? • to ansnerye noli mid 

ritte • 
Wanne hii vorsoke is »fc uorslewede • & to none defense 

ne come • 4055 

po we l^oru chiualerie • out of hor poer is nome • 

4045. hii segge]f>1 >ei seyn /3 ; \)ey seyue 5. 

4046. emperours were'] were amperours a; were Emperours 3. iccrc of 
rome] of Rome wore 5. ich] 8c I 0. seyge] sey /3. 

4047. auncetres] auucestres a^. \>e] )>ys B ; J'is a/85. wule] wylc B ; 
while a; also )8 ; ere 5. iconne] wanuey. 

4048. hely] belin o;85. abhe\> yhurd] ban harde ;8 ; liauc harde y ; bau 
bcrd 8. ylome'] lome j85. 

4049. ^6' wite)>] bii wutej' B. 

4050. maximian] eke maximian a5 ; also Maximian (i. hd] and B. 
hor] om. B. beyre] om. «,8 ; bohe 5. 

4051. auncetres] auncestres afi. hii] om. B. iiwrc^ wcren a. h''<] 
>ere ay ; J)er )3. tS'] om. /3. 

4052. ^] Aud Jjey 5. cuinipcriic] emperye B ; Empire )3. bo))e 
addc] badde hit (it /9) al a/3 ; bo]>i' liit liad 5. an] in a ; on fi. 

4053. Sf of] \y ; & r>a,33. 

4054. !>«/] om. aj33. nabbv]^] iial)l)et nout a ; ne bauej> nouit/3; we 
haiie noght 5. dnsuerye] answeriio a ; ausvi'cre /3. noit] om. 
a.35. 

4055. inyrsokc /.vj liit I'ursoke 5. is] om. a/3. norslcwcde] ft>r 
slew|ji'd B ; for sleu^edo o ; t'o:sk'u)5;'d /8 ; Ivfte 5. ncne] d< n a ; 
IK) 5. ne] oni. a/3 ; wolde 5. 

405(;. Old] nm. al3. f)ocr is] liondus bit 5 ; pii\i(_r hit a/3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 285 

Vor hii ne mowe nott segge |?at wi}> treson • oj^er stal]7e 

it were ydo • 
Vor wi]>imie nye lev non of horn • ne com enes ]?er to • 
Howel king of ]>e o|?ei" brutayne • ]>o he hurde ]?is he Dictum 

sede . ^«^^'- 

pei ech of vs sete al day • ]?e beste red to rede • 4060 
Betere ansuere we ne ssolde vinde • J^en ^e abbe); 

nou ysed • 
peruore we aite onoury wel • of so noble wit ]?i red • 
For tif we in J>isse manere wende]? • we ne fayle]? on [i98] 

none wyse • 
pat we ne wolle)? abbe ]^e maistrie • wanne we defends 

vre franchise • 
& wo so an o|?cr mannes god • bi nime wole mid 

vnritte • 4065 

Wi)? ritte he may is owe lese • ^if J^e defendour a]? ]?e 

miite • 
& wanne pe romeins aboute be]? • vs to binyme vr ritte • 
Wij? reson we woUe]? horn bi nime • tif we mowe to 

gadere fi^te • 



4057. For] om. a. 7je] om. 5, iioxf] om. o/3. seyye] sey /3. 
^paf] om. o85. wi)>'] mid a. ojjcr] ne afi ; ne w' 5. stal)>e 
it were'] stelj^e hit was /8. ydo] do B. 

4058. nye] uije a ; nyne ;35. ne] no |8 ; om. 5. com] come o. 
enes] om. 5. 

4060. sete] sitte ;8. sete al day] al daye sytte 5. to] forto S. 

4061. we ne ssolde vinde] ne solde we fynde B ; ne finde we a/85. 
abbeV] haue fi. nou] om. a;85. ?/se(/] sede /3 ; ysede y. 

4062. onoury] to honour )3. 

4063. in ]}isse manere ivende\'] ]pns ywendt't> a ; j^us -wenden /8 ; }>us 
wend' 3. 7iefaile\>] faile /3 ; fuiion 5. on no7ie] anone B ; in 
none afi ; in no S. 

4064. 7ie ivolle)f>] ne ssolde B ; ne scholle a ; ne schujle /8 ; nyl S. maistrie] 
maystre B. ivanne we] & a^5. defendy] defended B; defendi a; 
defends /8S. vre] ioure ;8. 

406.5. §•] Vor a ; Fore 5. r/« o\^ei-] on o)>er a;3. i^■ nime ivole] 

binemejj a; bynymme> /83. vnri-yte] vnryjt B ; oury^te a. 

•4066. WiV] Mid a. r/^/e] ry5,t B. /fse] leose o. a\>] haue /35. 

>c] om. 5, 

4067. aboute bt)>] \)\\]> aboute a; ben aboute /8. ys] om. a/35. 

40G8. H7))]Mida. we] om. /8. «'o//p)j] wolle B;8 ; wil 5. Ao7«] ha?e 
a ; hers /3. w/o?<'e] om. o|85. to yadere] to gidre ;8. ^J/^"] fvjt B. 



rex 
scottie, 



286 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Nou it wor]? iended ];at Sibile • J?e sage sede biuore • 
pat ]>er ssolde of brutayne • ]>re men be ybore • 4070 
pat ssolde winne J^e aumperye of rome • of |»e tueye 

ydo it is • 
As of bely & constantin • & j^ou art ]?e )?ridde y wis • 
Hye nou vaste uor to auonge • }>is noble honour al • 
To bringe horn vnder J^e • ]>&t J^e wolde makie J>ral • 
Hye to anhansi vs alle • & inele nott be bi hinde • 
Ten ]7ousend hors ywrye • icholle ]?e ]>Qr to vinde • 
[199] Auncel ]?at ]>e king adde ymad • king of seotlonde • 

Glad ynou was mid J^is word • Sz uor ioye huld vp is 

honde • 
Vor ]?at he sede ich abbe yhurd • so gret ioye ich abbe 

& blis . 
pat inabbe no tonge J^at mowe • hit al ssewe ywis • 
Vor al |?at we abbej? of londes • & of kinges her bi- 
uore • 4081 
Ywonne mid chiualerie • it J^inc]? me al uorlore • 

4069. wor\> iended'] schal be ended )3. Sibile'] Sibili o ; Sibyly j8 ; 
Sibeli 7 ; Sibly S. i>e] om. 5. 

4070. be] ben a. 

4071. pat ssolde] 8c afi. a M»nper?/e] emperyeB ; Empire /3. of\>e]8c)>e'B. 

4072. bell/] belin afiS. art] ert a. 

4073. Hye] Hi)e a. uor] om. afiS. auonge] fonge a/85. 

4074. 4075. Omitted in 7. 
4074. V7ider \>e] anunder a ; ))er vnder ^ ; al vnder S. \>at] Ba;85 ; 

& A. )>e wolde makie] )?& wolde make her B ; wolde )>e maki^e a • 

wolde l^ee make ^ ; wolde make J>e S. 
407.5. Hye] Hye nou B ; Hi^e nou a. anhansi] auansi a ; auauncy j8 ; 

enhaunce S. ^ inele] & ynelle B ; ich nelle a ; I wil /3 ; & I wil 5. 
4076. Ten'] And ten a;85. yivrye] ywrije o ; al redy /8. icholle )>e 

i>er to] ych ]>e woUe B ; ich i>e wole o ; I wil >ee /S ; I wil i>e now 5. 

vinde] ifinde o. 

4078. ynou] om. 5. uor ioye huld vp] held vp for ioy^e o ; helde vp 
for ioye j85. huld] held B. 

4079. he sede ich abbe] ich habbe he seide o ; I haue he seide P ; 1 
haue here he seyd 5. yhurd] harde /8 ; tide 5. ich abbe] om. 5. 

4080. inabbe] ich nabbe o ; I haue ;8. 710] non B ; to a. \>at . . . 
ssewe] to teUe hit al a0 ; to telle al 7 ; to tel hit alle 5. hit al] al yt B ; 

4081. 7ve abbe];)] we han )8 ; whan 7. her] om. B. 

4082. Ywo7ine] Wonne P. it ]>i7ic\) me] hit }>inchet me o; hit ]>enkej> 
me jS ; Me Jjynke it 5. uorlore] ilore a ; ylore j85. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 287 

Bote we of romeins be awreke • & of saxons al so • 
pat vre elderne er j^is • so moche ssame abbe}> ydo • 
& nou )7e time is icome • J'at we mowe be awreke • 
So glad ich am ]>&t inot • wat vor ioye speke • 4086 
Vor ine wilnede neuere )?ing • so moche • as icli do hor 

blod. 
Oil iesu }>at ];ulke day • worp me suete & god • 

. Arthure • ^°^- ^^• 

Swete woUe)? ]>e wounden be • to me & no|?ing 

stronge • 
Suete wole ek my de]> be • tif ich im auonge • 4090 
Vor to awreke vre faderes • & to holde \q) \Te fraun- 

chise • 
&; voiiio anhansy vre king • as we ssolle on alle wyse • 
Seche we out )?ulke haluemen • ne abyde we nott to 

longe • 
pat we after hor wrecche de)? • hor londes auonge • 



4083. Bote} Bot if 5. be'] bene y. ^- of] & of )>e 5. 

4084. eldeme] vlderue a ; eldres y3. er \>is] er J)isse o ; or J>is /3. so] 
om. a)3S. ahhe)>] han )3. 

4085. nou] om. y. is] him is a. icome] come y. moxve] maye S. 
be] ben B. awreke] awreken 5. 

4086. ich am] ich ham o ; ycham B. speke] to speken 5. 

4087. ine wilnede] ich ne wilnede a ; I desirede /3 ; I wylned 5. ich 
do] om. a)3S, 

4088. Ou] B ; On A ; A a;3S. \>ulke] vlke a ; ilke fi. wor^ me] 
schal be to me )3. 

4089. wolle\>] woUe /3 ; woUen 5. wounden] wounded B ; wondene a ; 
woundes )35. 

4090. wole ek] wol eke a. im auonye] him schal fonge a; hit schal 
fonge )3S. 

4091. For <o] Vort a. vre] hor B. <o holde] holden o; holde j3S. 

4092. anhansy] auansy B ; auansi a ; auaunse fi ; auaunce S. ssolle] 
ssolde B ; wol 5. o«] in Ba)35. 

4093. t>«/Ae] J>e a/3. Aa/we «ie«] able men /3. ?<e . . . , ?ioy] }jat 
we ne abide ay3 ; >at we abyde not 5. 

4094. we ... . auonge] we mowe wreke om-e eldres dej> & J)ilke londes 
fonge ;8. tvi'ecche] om. aS. hor] jjulke a ; J>ylk 5, auonye] 
fonge o5. 



288 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[200] 
numeracio 
gentis. 



Summa 
equorum. 



represen- 
tacio. 



& icholle vre ost eche • & vre baclielerye • 4095 

Wi]^oute archers & votmen • wi]p tuo ]7oiisend hors 

ywrye. 
Of ]>e men here of ]>is lond • |)e king adde her wi);- 

oute • 
Sixti ]70usend hors ywrye • & ]'at was a uair route • 
pe kinges of six yles ek • as norj'wey & yrlonde • 
Godlond & orcadas • denemarch & yslonde • 4100 

Seue kinges ek aboute france • as brutayne & nor- 

mandye • 
Gascoyne & aungeo • & al so of pycardye • 
Of peyto & of o]jer to • & ]?e dosse pers of france • 
Among hom alle hii were siker • al wij? oute balance • 
Of an hondred ]?ousend hors • & four score jwusend 

]>er to • 4105 

& ]>re J'ousend wel yrwye • & tuo hondred al so • 
"Wip oute votmen ]?at were so vale • ]7at ]>er nas of 

non ende • 
pis was a uair compaynye • jjoru al l^e world to wende • 
po ]?is was syker & bi speke • ]>e king hom het 

echon • 4109 

pat hii wende ech in is syde • to hor contreye anon • 



4095. eche'] echen 5. 

4096. votmen'] B ; votraon A ; fot men a ; foote men ;3. 
om. /3. 

4097. ]>e 7«e«] men B. her] l^er a^. 

4098. ywrye] ywri^e a ; al redy /3. «] o a. 



4099. six] }>e six a5 ; J>ise sex )3. eh] om. a;3. 
norewei^e a. yrlonde] yrloud a. 

4100. yslonde] yslond o. 

4101. ek] om. a;35. 

4102. of] om. BaS. 

4103. o);>er] oJ>ere a. to] two a^. 

4104. Amony hom] Ac of o ; And of fi. 

4105. an] two a/3. 

4106. \>ousend] sousend B. ywrye] 3-wri;c a : arayed /3 



wi)>] mid a ; 



r\)wey] 



\>e dosse pers] dojze pers B. 
sihe)-] sikere a. 



4107. ]f>cit] Jjer 0. vale] fale a; many j8, 
7ion] nas non a ; was none /3 ; was non 5. 

4108. a] a. 

4109. hi speke] by spoken 5. liuni] oni. ayG 

4110. in] on 5. /o hor] to /3 ; the 7. 



\>at] oni. a/3. wrts 0/" 



het] badde ;3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 289 

& ]?at hii a lanmasse day • mid hor poer come • ^ 

Euerichone to barbesflet • & pes veiage nome • 

pe kino' sede to be messa^cers • bat hii be senatour Hesponsio 

■, or r adroma- 

sede • uos^ 

pat he wolde to rome come • ac no truage him to lede • 
Ac vorto conquciy of hom • pulke sulue seruage .4115 
])at hii askiop of him • vilHche &) mid outrage • 
& pat he wokle to rome come • pe day pat he settc • 
pe ritte abbe weper so mitte • wanne hii to gadere ^^ -' 

hom mette • 
pus departede po pe cour • & ech in is syde • 
parked him aten ]?e day • vor hii ne mittc long 

abyde • 4120 

T ^icye pe senatour • po he wuste pis mandement • imperacio 

Son he adde wide aboute • is messagers ysent • lucje. 
Vor to gadery to is help • al pat poer of rome • 
So pat aten lanmasse • alle pes kinges to him come • 
Of afFric & of grece • of spayne & of scyrye • 4125 
Of medes & of parkes • of y tours of libye • 



4111. a lanmasse'] a lammasse Ba5 ; at hiiumas ^. 

4112. Euerichone'] Echoue Ba5. barbesflet] barbesfleod aj8. \>cs] 
t)is o. veiage] veage Ba. 

4113. sede to] bed B. 

4114. to rome come] to rome a; come to Rome ;3. , ac] Si ad ; and fi. 
to] cm. a;85. 

4115. hom] hym B. sulue] same )3. 

4116. hii askie\)] he askej? a ; he askih /3. Sf] & eke a ; and also yS. 

4117. wolde] wole 0. l>e] )?ilk 5. he] hii hym B ; he him o/3. 

4118. to gadere] om. a)35. to gadere hom] hem to gadere B. tnctte] 
ymette a/3. 

4119. coiir] court Ba)3 ; courte 5. ech] eche B ; ech louerding o ; 
eche lordynge /3. iji] ou a^S. 

4120. parked] ^arkede a; Arayed 5. him] hem B/85. vor] om. aj85. 
7ie] om. ByS. le?ig] leugore a ; lenger /3 ; no lenger 5. 

4122. 7/se?it] j'send B ; isend a. 

4123. to is] him P. l>at] Jjc afiS. 

4124. lanmasse] lammasse Ba. ]>es] i>c afiS. 

4125. Sf of grece] of grece afi. scyrye] Syrye B ; sirije a; SyiTye /8 ; 
Surrye 5. 

4126. ^ of parkes] & of perces B; of parthes o)3; & of Paites 5. of 
lihyc] & of libyje o ; and of libye )85. 

T 



290 THE CHRONICLE OF 



fol. 64 b. . Arthure • 



Of egypt • of babiloyne • & of frygie • 

Of mesepoc • of bytynie • & of boecye • 

Alio ]>es kinges & alle oj'ere • |?at were bi este rome • 

& alle J'at to rome ssolde • seruise to him come • 4130 

summa. gg j^^t fourty ]?ousend hors • & sixty hondred al so • 
pat were \o hii tare were • J?is chiualerye to do • 

arthurus j^w arthure bitok modred • is soster sone ich wene • 

tradit ter- ° 

ram pis lond to loke ])0 he wende • & gwenwayr Jje quene • 

& redne ^^^ ^® truste to hom mest • as me J^inc]? he wel 

[202] " a^te • 4135 

Ac as le ssoUe her after yhure • hii bro^te him suJ'J'e 

to na^te • 

regis. ^^^ ^ ^g ^^^ ^^ j^.^ lonA • to sou]?hamtone he wende • 

& dude him in to )?e se • mid wind J'at god him sende • 
visio vrsy. po he com ver in J^e se • & he aslepe was • 

At tyme of midni^t of ]7e ni^t • him mette a greuous 
cas • 4140 



4127. of'\ and of BS. babiloyne] babylonye B. §• ] & eke a5 ; and 
also jS. frygie] frugye fi. 

4128. Of mesepoc] And al so of mesopot B ; Of perse & of mesopot a; 
Of Pars of Mesopotayne /3 ; Of Partes & of mesepot S. bytynie] 
bitiui^c a ; Bytenye )3. ^ of] of B. boecye] becyje a ; Betye /8. 

4129. Jjcs] t>e a. alle] al B; om. a/35, 

4130. alle] al B. \>at] \>o J>at fi, to rome ssolde] scbolde to Rome 5. 

4131. ^] om. 5. hondred] & on (one)3) hundred a;8. al so] & on 
also 5. 

4132. Vdt] per Bj3; par a; There S. '^are were] come o/3S. 

4133. bitok] tok a; toke /35. soster] syster B, 

4134. loke )>o] kepe )8. §•] & eke S. gwenwayr] gouernewaur B ; 
gwenheoucr a ; Gwennoure yS ; Gwennore y ; Gwenuare 5. )>e] his S, 

4135. truste] triste a. hom] hym B; him a/3, mest] meste a. 
hiMcJ?] }>jTigJ> B ; HiigJ> a. Ae] so he o)3. 

4136. -4c] And B ; om. a. ssolle] ssolde B. her] om. /35. yhure] 
here /3. Au] he ot;35. 

4137. lond] londe B. /<e] arthur o; Arthure 13. tvende] went $. 

4138. m <o }>e se] in see B ; in J)C see J?er (J^ere )3) o;8. <o] om. 5. 
7nid wind \>at] so t>at 5. 

4140. vl<] Aboute J>e o)85, inidniyt of \>e ni-^t] midder nyjt a; 

mydnyjt ;8. a] o a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 291 

Him J70^te he sey a grislich bere • fle in ]7e eir an hey • 
pat alle ]>g hauenes quakede • of is flitt • him J?ottc ek 

he sey • 
& a dreduol dragon • fram ]>q west • com mid him to 

fi^te. 
pat ])G leom of is eyen • al J>e contreye li^te • 4144 
Ac j^e dragon vekle j^ulke bere • & to grounde him caste • 
An oJ?er dragon com fram J^en est • &5 mid jjulke 

dragon fa^t uaste • 
po J?e king awok he tokle • his meyne of |?is cas • 
& some Jjo^te & tolde • wat J?e bitokne was • signacio. 

pat ]?e dragon of biweste • bitokne]? ]>e king ar)7ure • ^^'^^^ 

& \>e bere som foul geant • J'at me ssolde of yhm-e • 4150 
pat he ssokle ouercome ]>e geant • & J?e dragon bi este • 
Bi toknede |?e emperour of rome • & ]>e bataile of pe 

beste • 

Ouercome bitoknede • & |?e romeins ssolde al so • 

Ac ]?e king ne lugede no^t • Jjat it ssolde be so ydo • 

per after hii come to barbesflet • & piite her bi syde • ^ex uenit 
. L / r J barbesflete. 

Hor tentes & hor pauilons • hor compaynie to abide • 

4141. sey"] sawe y. a] o a. berej beore B ; beor 5. fle"] flye 7. 
\)e eir"] Jjan eyr a. 

4142. 2s] i>e Bo)35. him \)oyte'] Jjat 5. ek"] om. Ba/85. sey'] syjeS. 

4143. a] an B ; o a ; 00 7. 

4144. leoin'] leome a. liyte] \>o ly)te o; ];>o lyght 5; ))an ly^t /3. 

4145. ^c] An B. velde] afuldea; afelde ;3. i)ulkc 6«-c] }>ano 
bere a ; \>e Bere /3 ; i>e bore 5. groimde'] the grounde 7. 

4146. An o\>er'] An nol^er B ; On oj^er a. }>e?j] om. B ; }>an a ; J^e /8. 
\>ulke] J?at /3 ; the 7. /«><] faute o. 

4147. awok] awoc of slep a; awoke of slepe /85. meyne of \>is'] men 
J>at 0)35. 

4148. \>o-^te'] by>0)te B ; bi)>oute a ; by >ou^t /35. jjc bitokiic'] hit to 
tokni a ; hit to token /3 ; it to bytokene S. 

4149. hitohie\>'\ bytokned B ; toknede a ; tokenede S ; tokened /3. 

4150. here] beore B; beor 5. 

4151. bi este] of byheste B ; of bi este a ; of by Est /3. 

4152. Bitoknede] Bytokned B. 

4153. bitoknede] bytokned B ; bitokened t>at y3. 8f] }jat Ba)8. 

4154. ne] om. S. /ajrerfe] demyd j8. 

4155. o/ie?] om. j3. 

4156. 8f hor] & B5. 

T 2 



292 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



gygans. 



fol. 05. 



arthurus 

iiadit gi- 
ganti. 
[204] 



Vndcr ];at ]>er com word • to J^e king ar)>ure • 
pat |?e meste geaunt • )?at mon ssolde of yhure • 
Out of ]>e lond of spayne come • & adde ynome eleyne • 
pat was so vair j^e kinges nece • howel of brutayne • 
& vpe ]>e mount of sein michel • hire ladde atte 

laste • 41 Gl 

& ];e kni^tes of ]>e lond • sywede after vaste • 
Ac hii ne mitte nott aien hym do • no we]?er so hii 

wende • 
Bi water o]>ev bi londe • anon riit he hom ssende • 

Arthur e • 
Mid gleyue o]>er mid roches • & vewe aliue he let • 
& some he mid strencj^e nom . & al quic hom vret • 
& al stilleliche wi]>inne nitt • j^e king nom is boteler • 
Ijcdwer ];at no mon it nuste • & kay is paneter • 
Vor he truste to hom mest • & wende vor]? alone • 
Vor he nolde to such geant • verdes lede none • 4170 



4157. Vnder )>at'] Theder 5. word'] a worde 7. 

4158. mcste] mest a. mo7i] men a. ylmre] hure y. 

4159. ynome'] ytake 7. 

41 GO. \!at .... nece] I?e kinges (kjmges $ ; kyngys 5) nece J^at -was so 

fair (faire ;8 ; fayre 8) a/35. howel] Howellys y3. 
41G1. &f i^pe] Apon 7. sein michel] seint Michel o; sejTit Michael y. 

ladde] lede B. 

4162. sywede] sywed B. 

4163. Ac hii ne mi-^te] But ]>e rny^t ;8 ; But they myght 7. noyt] 
om. 5. no] vor B ; om. 0|3 ; ffor 5. wc)>er] wheoder a ; whi|jer )3 ; 
whether 7 ; whet>er 5. so] Ba/35 ; so so A. hii] ]>q ; they y. 
wende] went 5. 

4164. oJ>er] or fi. n')<] om. $. 

4165. aliue] on lyue 7. 

4166. Sf some .... nom] pat he mid streng^e ne noma; That he with 
strenghe ne toke ;3 ; That he w* strengthe ne nome 5. quic] quike a, 
vret] fret Ba5 ; frete $. 

4167. Sj-] om. Ba)35. |>e king nom] Jjo nam a ; he name j3. nom] 
toke 5. 

4168. no man] name a. 7iuste] wste B ; wist j85, kay] gay B. 
pa7ieter] panyter Ba ; panter 7. 

4169. truste] triste o. mest] meste Ba; most 7. alone] as alone B ; 
as al one o/3 ; as allone S. 

4170. 7iolde] volde B. yeant] a gcaunte 5. 7io7ie] Yone B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



203 



Vor o body as wo sei}? • & so moche ck he trustc • 
To him siiliie & to hardysi • is men wan hii it wustc • 
po he com toward ]?is hul • a gret fur j^eruppe he sey • 
& ano]?er vp a lasse hul • ];at ];er bi syde was ney • 
Nou nuste hii to so|^e • vpe we|?er ];e geant were • 
Bedwer he sende vorto aspye • stilleliche verst }'erc • 
Verst to )'e lasse hul he wende • by a ssip J'at he vond • 
He wende al bi watere • vor he ne mitte nott alond • 
po he com vpe j^e hul an hey • he hurde atte bigin- 

ninge • 
Of a womman a deoluol cry • & a pitos wepinge .4180 
Verst he was sore adrad • J>at J^e geaunt were ]?er ney • 
& na]?eles he hente herte • & drou more an hey • 
po vond he |?ere J?at fur • & a lute j^er bi syde • 
A buryels al nywe ymad • & a womman |?at so cryede • 
Al uor olded sitte |7ere • & anon so ^o^ysey • 4185 
pe king bedwer ^o si^te • & bi gan to grede an hey • 



Missio 
bedwer. 



lamcutacio 
vctule. 



[205] 



4171. wo'} we B ; who so a^. ek] eke a ; also /8. truste} triste a ; trist 5. 

4172. sulue'] sulfa. hardysi^ hardyssyB; his hardisschi a; hardischipe 
P ; his hardynesse S. is me?)} J>at was in liim /9. /«>:] he a^. 
waste'] wiste afi. 

4173. ^e] J?ei p. a] om. ai35. ]>eruppe'] |>eron /8. /«e] ]>ei /8. 

4174. awoher] on o)>er a ; one oJ>ere 0. vp"] vp on al3, a] an P. 

4175. Nou'] poa; Thenne ;3. 7iuste .... sol^c] wist \>ei nou^t Jjc 
soj^e 0. to so\>e'] to l^e soJ>e 5. vpe] apoH /8. 

4176. sende] sent j35. vorto] to aPS. 

4177. he wende] om. Ba/35. hi/] myd B ; mid a; with /3 ; w' 5, a] 
o o ; one /8. 

4178. miyte noyt alond] myte bi lond a ; mj'^t by londe /35. 

4179. vpe] vp a. 

4180. u-omman] wimman a. deoluol] dulfol a. a] o a; om. 7S. 
pitos] pitouse a ; Piteuouse 7 ; piteous 5. 

4182. §■] Ac a; But /3 ; Bot 5. licntc] tok a; toke yS. droii] 
drou him a ; drouj him 5. 

4183. v07id] fouude a. here] )ere B. \>atfitr] a fuyre 5. a lute] 
lute a; a litill7. 

4184. yl] An B ; O a ; One P. burijels] buryeles o ; Buryelys /8 ; bcry- 
ellis 5. nywe'] mylk whyte S. a] o a ; one /8 ; Jie 5. icommcm] 
wimman a. 

4185. uor olded] uerholdcdB ; for olded o; for elded /3. sitte] & gate 5. 
so yo] so heo B ; so hurc a ; so sche 5 ; when sche him (3. ysey] scii /3. 

4186. Jje] om. /3. /(?;ir/] kind a. jo] heoBa; sche /35. siytc] 
saide /3. /;/ f/oji] gan o/35 ; ganne 7. 



294 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Dictum ^las alas bou wrecche mon • woch mesaunture • 

vctulc. 

Ap> J;e ybro^t in to J>is stede • alas hou ssalt tou dure • 
Alas ])0 pynes ]7at ]?ou ssalt • sone ]?olie of de]? • 
pe pyte j^at ich abbe of ]?e • J^oru out min herte ge|> • 
Vor ]>\s vorbroyde geant • abbe he of ]>e an si^t«4191 
pi faire body so gentil • vor swolwe he wole to nitt • 
Vor he wole sone come • ]>uYke vorbroyde pece • 
pat nom eleyne |?at noble mayde • king howeles nece • 
pat ichabbe nouj'e riit here ybured • was norice ich 

was • 4195 

pat was al mi soule & al mi lif • ich wene no such 

nas • 
[206] & |7e wule he wolde J>is tendre j^ing • wemmy foule 

ynou • 
& heo ne mi^te sofry no^t • Md lecherye he hire slou • 
po code he to me olde wrecche • to endi ]>is foule cas • 
To witnesse god ich take • j?at a^en my wille it was • 

4187. wrecche'] wreched ;8. woch'] wuch B ; which a ; what 13 ; whyche 8. 
mesminture] mes auenture a ; mysse aventure /8 ; mysauenture B5. 

4188. yhroyt in to] broujt to ojS. ssalt tou] ssalt ou B; schalt \>o\x 
apS ; shal thou y. dure] endure 5. 

4189. \)o] \>e Ba/85. py7ies] peynes 5. so7ie i>olie] J^ole sone a; JjoIc 
soone )3 ; dole sone y ; sone Jjole 5. of] om. B. 

4190. out] om. al35. ye]}] hit goth 5. 

4191. vorbroyde] verbroyde B; forbroyde o5 ; forbrayde P. an] 
a aj3 ; o 5. 

4192. vor swolwe] vor swolewc a. he] om. a. 

4193. vorbroyde] verbroyde B ; for broide a ; forbrayde P ; forbroyde 5. 
pece] om. P ; geaunt ferce y. 

4194. nom] toke 7. eleyne] heleneB. \>at] om.B. noble] om. 
a/35. howeles] howwel B. 

4195. ichabbe nou\>e] I nowe haue 5. noui>e ri^t here] noji ryjt her B ; 
nou here a ; here nowe /8. ybured] yburyed $, was] whas afi ; 
whos 75. 

4196. al] om. oj85. al] om. a0S, no] non B. 7io such nas] suche 
on J?ere nas 5. 

4197. \>e wule] lome a5; ofte P. wemmy] wempni a; wempny 0. 

4198. 7ni^tc] my^te ytR ; mijtehita ; my^^t hit /3S. sofry 7io%t] sofFri a ; 
suffrc $. 

4199. po . . . wrecche] To me oldc wrecche he ^eode ()cde y3) a/3; To 
me olde \vrecche he ded t>o 5. to oidi] and endede o ; & endide j8 ; 
& ended 5. \>is] ys B. foule] fioule B. 

4200. n-^en] a^e o. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 295 

& dude bi mc is lecherye • alas j/ulke stounde • 4201 
peruore fie ]fou hendy mon • vor siker be )?ou yfoundc • 

• Arthure • f oi. 59 b. 

Wanne he com]; binne to ligge • he wole ]>q limemele • 
To drawe Sm uorsuolwe • par auenture at one mele • 
Bedwer bigan to conforti • J^e wommon In ]>q place • conforcio 
& bihet hire bote of hire wo • bi tyme j^oru godes ^^^^<^'^^- 

gi-ace . 420G 

& wende aten to J^e king • & tolde al J?is cas • reditus 

pe king was sori j^o he wuste • |jat J>et maide aslawe was • ^*^^^v^'"^- 
Ac anauntre he ])OZte him do • &i dude him in ]?e weye • 
pis clene maide uorto awreke • & is felawes beye • 4210 
Ar hii come vpe ];e hul • arst he was ycome • [207] 

pis grisliche geant &; adde • an vatte barn ynome • 
& yspited him ]?oru out • mid an yrene spite • 
& rostede in ]?is grete fur • to abbe ]>& voile bite • 
Arthure bed is felawes • to late him yworj^e al one • 
Ac tif hii seye him in nede • ]?at hii ne made targinge 

none • 



4202. Jle jpou] J)ou fleo henne a ; J^ou fle henne ;8 ; thou flee heus thou y. 
hendy mon'] heudi man a ; hende mau ;S. yfoundc'] here fouiide H. 

4203. binne] by me B(85 ; bi me a. 

4204. iiorsuolwe] for swelewe a. par auenture] perauuti'c B. 

4205. co7iforti] comforty B. ivommo7i'] womman B ; wimmau a. 

4206. bi tyme] sone aS ; soone /3. 

4207. tolde] tolde him o/35. 

4208. wuste] wiste a. \)at \>et] Jje afi ; l^at \)Q 5. maide] maiden /3. 
aslawe] slayn 0. 

4209. anauntre] in auenture aj8. in \)e weye] J>iderwarde J>o j8. ])c] 
om. B. 

4210. uorto] vort a. beye] two j8. 

4211. Ar hii] Or he 13 ; Or Kit t>ey 5. vpe] vpon /8. \>e] i^js BS ; 
Hs aj8. 

4212. an vatte barn] an vatte beren a ; a fatte beere ;8. 

4213. yspited him'] spitted /3. an] one ayS ; cone 7. 

4214. in] him in aj8 ; on 5. \>is] h-e oj3. 

4215. bed] bad a, late] leten a. ywor]>e] worjie o/3. 

4216. seye him in nede] seijo neode a j sawe nede /8 ; seye ueode 5 ; se 
nede e, tar()inqe] taryinge 6 ; tarcyng e ; sterynge j3. 



296 THE CHRONICLE OF 

King arthuro him blessede • & baldeliclic ynou • 
Toward |?is grisliche foiirme • mid god herte him droii • 
pis geant ]>o he sey • him come • bigan is mace adrawe • 
pat tueye stalwarde men • ne ssolde nott enes wawe • 
- Toward ]>e heued J^e king he smot • ac he hente mid 

is sselde • 4221 

Ac tut he buyde al adoun • & wel harde it yvelde • 
Vor hit J^ozte al ]?e hul • mid ]>e stroc was astoned • 
Ar]?ure was li^t ynou • as he was ywoned • 
He hupte J70 he ywra]^}?ed was • & is suerd adrou • 
& smot ]7en ssrewe in j^e frount • mid god emest ynou • 
[208] »fc ]?e vel ^& fless was so hard • &, ]>g scoUe hard & 

l^ikke • 
peruore |?ei it ne come no^t ]70ru • ]>e dunt nas nott wikke • 

4217. blessede'] blescede o. baldelicke'] boldelyclie e, 

4218. Ills'] \>e5. fourme] geaunt J3. god] gode B ; glad 5. him] 
om. afi ; he 5e. 

4219. ]^is . . . sey] Tho \>\'S, Geaunt se e. p«s] peB. hescy] isey a; 
he sawj )3 ; he sawe y. bigan] he byganne e. mace] mase e. 
adrawe] drawe $ ; to draw) S ; to drawe e, 

4220. pat] Whiche e. tueye] two P ; tweyne e. stalwarde] stale- 
worde o; stalworthe )3e. ne ssolde no'^t] ne scholde a; vnnet> 
schulde P ; myghte no)t 5 ; schuld no^t e. enes] ones ^e. waive] 
drawe e. 

4221. Ye heued \>e king] J^e kingcs heued a ; J^e kynges heed/S; he kyugys 
hedc hede 5 ; \>c kyngges heed e. hente'] hent hit e. 

4222. yit] )ute o. lie bni/de] he brj'de B ; he bu^de a ; he bowed /D ; 
hit bowed downe e. al] om. 5. adoun] his body e. wel] 
ry^t )3. it] he hit al3f. yvelde] veldc B ; felde o^Se. 

4223. Vor hit] That him e. ]poyte] >orte B; J^ou^t e ; semed ^8. mid 
]>e] w' J'at e. 

4224. Ar];>ure] & arthur a ; And Arthure /3e. tvas] was eucre a5 ; was 
euer )8e. ywoned] wonede /3. 

4225. hupte] hupe vp B ; vp j8 ; rose vp e. ^o he] Jiau when he 13 ; i>o 
for he e. ywra]>]>ed was] wro^J'e was B ; AvroJ^e was P ; was wrothc 5. 
adrou] ho drowe e. 

4226. i>en] >ane o; j^e )3e. m] on 5. god] gode B. 

4227. Sf] Ac Ba ; But ySe ; And y. i>e] J'atajS. vel Sj-Jless] fel & 
flechs a ; felle & flesche j8. ivas] ys 5. hard] bard B. hard] 
stronge $. 

4228. ):'er»/rtre . . . come] That hit pcrsshed e ; Ac ^ei hit come S. 
J.Vr7<ore] pat vor B ; & a^. wo^i \wru] Jnirgh nou)t ;8 ; no)t J^oru) 
out e, t>e c/mw^] ]k' dj'ntc j3 ; for ^e dyute e. ?'ffs] was a^SSe. 
no%t] nowyt a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 297 

& is male he dude ek bituene • ac ]:'at blod adoiin 

wende • 
So vast in eye & in face • |^at hit him ney ablcnde • 
J)e king hupte her & ]?er • & Icyde on euere vastc • 
So strong was j^e ssrewe • pat no dunt • ne mi^te him 

adoun caste • 4232 

He vemde & gi"unte & stod a^en • as it were a strong 

bor • 
pat euere wole a^en ]>e stroc • vor te he ne may 

nammor • 
pe king smot euere her & J?er • so j^at atte laste • Occisio 

Ernest of herte he nom to him • & adrou so vaste* ^ ^' 
Calebourne is gode suerd • j^at he J?ut scollo clef a tuo • 
pat |?at suerd was al J^er Inne Ihud • ]?at brayn orn 

out al so • 
So grisliche ^al ]>ai ssrewe po • & grislich was is here • 
He vel adoun as a gret ok • j^at bine)?e ykorue wer • 



4229. mo/e] mace Boj35 ; mase e. ek'] om. a/35e. biinene'] bitweone a. 
ac] but /3e. \>at] >et B ; ]>e )3Se. 

4230. 171 eye ^ in face] in ey^en & iu face a ; in his eyen & in (on 7) his 
face ^y ; in j'en & face 5 ; hit ranne in his face & in his yjen e. hit] 
om. B. him ney ahlende] ny^e him ablcnt e. 

4231. hiiplc] euere hupte S ; him stert ; skypped e. oti] on him 0(3e. 

4232. ivas] vas B. f>e] J^at e. ne mi^te him admm] adoun nc myte 
him a ; adon my^t hym ^ ; adoun him myght S ; a downe my^t him e. 

4233. vemde] -wende o; wenteS; went ;3e. yrunte] grounte a ; grunt 
j8 ; grunted e. a] o o. 

4234. ayen'] a^e o. stroc] stroke stonde e. vor te] for to Se ; fort a ; 
vn to /3. ne] om. y3e. nammor] no more )85e. 

4236. Ernest] Hurnest a. nom] noma B_; toke )3e. adrou] smote 
/3 ; smote at him 5 ; drowe e. so vaste] \>o in hast e. 

4237. Calebourne] With Calliborne /3 ; W' Calebiirne 5. \>at ... a 
tao] where \s\\> his senile he claffe in two e. ]>ut'] om. B ; )>e 5; his 
a^. clef] cleef /3. 

4238. Yat \>at] pat )>Q Ba^SSe. was al i>er Inne] was al inne a/35 ; al lunc 
was"/; })erin was al 6. Jhud] yhydde e ; hiddeyS. \>at brayn orn] 
\>e brayn orn 5 ; ]>e brayne ran 13 ; and the brayne ran e. 

4239. So] po B. (jrisiichc] grysly €. xal] polled 5 ; gelled e. 
\>at] Jjc Ba75. Sf] hat B ; & so o/Be ; J-at so 5. grislich] grym 5. 
bere] beree e. 

4240. He vel] And he felle e. adoun] douu) B; om. a/85 ; by hnry- 
ing e. a] ABye ; o a ; om. /35. ykorue] corue/3. 



francie. 



298 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi. 66. • Arthure • 

pat it )70ite )?at al ]?e hul • mid j^e vallinge ssoc • 
po stod ]>G king & lou • & J?ei ech lime him ok • 
Decollacio. Vor he was weiy yfa^t • bedwer he bed ]>ere • 

pat he corue of \>e grislich heued • & to ]?e castel it 

bere • 
So ]?at hii come to hor felawes • in ]>e dawiinge • 4245 
So noble los nas neuere yhurd • as me bar J?o ]>e kinge • 
[209] His men truste J^e bet to him • & mony a blessinge • 
He adde uor he deliuerede men • of an so voule ]?inge • 
vadunt po king ar]?ures men • ycome were echon • 

Sone hii drowe horn to ward france • vor to seche 

hor fon . 4250 

Horn com tydinge • l^at }»e emperonr • of rome • ycome 

was • 
Mid so gret folc him to seche • |?at such neuere yseye nas • 

4241. it] him e. ];>oyte] semecle ;8. )f>at'] om. ajSe. al K'] al B. 
vallinye] failliuge a. 

4242. stod \>e king] )>& kynge stode 5. lou] lou^e e. §• \>ei] })at ;8. 
§•] om. B5. ech] euery 5. him] of him j35e. ok] koke /3. 

4243. Vor he was] Thouj he were e. «(/«><] ifoute a ; for fou^t /3 ; of 
fyght S ; & forfou^t e. hedwer] Jjerfor to Bedwer e. bed] het Ba ; 
badde j8 ; seid e. 

4244. corue] croune B ; corfe /8 ; kutte e. \>e] om. y ; Jjat 8. heued] 
heed e. \>e] om. B. it] om. Bo/85. 

4245. \>e] cm. B. dawiinge] dawynge B)3 ; dawy^iage a ; dawnynge 
-yS ; dawenynge €. 

4246. nas] was jSSe. yhurd] herde S. me] men e. /etn^e] king a. 

4247. His] Thohis e. truste] triste a; trysted e. 5e<] better /3e. 
§-] & eke 5. mony] maui^e a ; fuUe many e. a] om. B ; o a. 

4248. an] on a ; one /3e ; oon 7 ; om. 5. Vmge] a thynge 5 ; a J'ing e. 

4249. po] The ;8. king] J^e kynge 5. ycome were] commyn were j8; 
were come 5. echon] euerychone S. 

4250. Sone] om. a;85e. /tow] om. ajSSe. yor] om. oi3e. sec/ic] 
seche out e. 

4251. Horn] To hem S ; To Arthure e. co?«] cam o ; come 7S6. 
tydinge] ti}>inge a ; thihynges /3 ; tithingcs 7 ; tytyuge B. \>c] om. B. 
of rome] to franco B ; to frauuce S. 

4252. Mtrf] AndS. /ofc] pcple j8. <o] for to e. )>a<] om. e. 
S7<cA] suche a power «. neuere yseye] nere yseyjea; ysey neuer S. 
ysf'/r] seen j8 ; yse e. ?»(/6] was C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 299 

peruore nas no^t J>e king adrad • ac vor]70re he wende 

by syde • 
& bigan to picche is pauilons • him vor to abyde • 
pe erl of oxenford he nom • & an o|?er erl al so • wawein et 

& sire wawein is soster sone • ]>o al ]>is was ydo* aiiorum 

& to hieye ]>e senatour • in J>is manere horn sende • ^^^^ °'^"°^" 
To hote him ]7at he hasteliche • out of france wende • 
Oj^er |?at he com amorwe • batayle uor to do • 
Vor to cuj?e wej^er adde • betere ri^t ])er to • 4260 

pis noble knittes wende vor}) • & hete liicye al so • 
Vor to wende out of france • o]?er ]>e batayle do • 
Quintylian is neueu • ansuerede atten ende • 
pat he nas noit |>uder ycome • out henne uor to wende • 
Ac to gouerni france • |?at of ri^te of rome was • 4265 
& l^at bote lelpinge & host • mid brutons no|?ing nas • 

4253. peruore'] per of B. peruore . . . adrad"] Nas nou)t J^e king J^er 
of adrad o ; Was nou^t }>er of i>e kynge ydrad /3 ; J^fe kynge her of 
noj^ynge dradde S ; The kyng was no^t \>eT of adradde e. ac 
vor\>ore] but far}>er e. by syde] in his syde e. 

4254. biga?i] gan 5. picche] puthe B. him] him J^ere e. vor to] 
fort o. 

4255. 7iom] toke ;8. an] on o ; one fi. 

4256. soster] syster B ; susters e. \>o] whenne y. 

4257. Sf] om. /3. m] on afiS. horn sende] he sende a0; he sent e. 

4258. hote] bydde e. he] om. B. wende] he wende B. 

4259. 0\>er] Outher y. amorwe] to morowe e. jtor] with him /8 ; 
om. a. 

4260. Vor] om. 5. cui>c] kyj)e fi ; kithe y ; kuy)je 5 ; vryte e. adde] 
ha}> €. betere] \>e better ;8. 

4261. wende] ^eden e. hete] badde j8; seid to e. al] om. Ba;85e. 

4262. Vor to] That he e. o\>er] eijjer e. i>e] om. B. do] for 
to do e. 

4263. Quintylian] Quintilicyan /3 ; Qvintylucian e. is] Lucijes a; 
Lucyes /Se. atten ende] at jjan ende o ; at )je ende ;3 ; J^o at J)c 
ende e. 

4264. nas] was /SSe. ycome] come iS. hcnine] )janne Ba ; )>en 5 ; 
Jjens /3 ; ]>ennys e. 

4265. -(4c <o] Ac for to a; But for to iSe. gouerni] gouerne jSe. [>«< 
o/] }>at a/3 ; t>at 1)6 5 ; & J^at 6. 'oas] ys B. 

4266. L^- hrti iote] For ther nas but e. yelpinye] ^ulpyngc B ; lolp ae ; 
^elpe 5 ; brag iS ; bragge y mid brutons no]>ing] uo)>yng myd 
brutons B ; mid brutons a ; with \>q Brutons /Se ; amonge J>e bretons S. 
was] ny< B ; J>er nas o;3 ; in eche cas e. 



300 THE CHRONICLE OF 

occisio Sire wawein ]?e gode kniit • was |;o wro]? ynou • 
quinti lam. ^ among al J?at folc • hupte ner • & is suerd adrou • 
[210] & smot of )>at heued anon • & j^at heued wij? him 
nom • 
& wi|7 is felawes to is hors • vor hom alle tut he 
com • 4270 

romani Ac wat an horse wat auote • ]?e romeyns hom sywede 

sequuntur. 
^ ynou • 

Vor to awreke hor grete mayster • ]7at sire wawein 

slou • 
G^eryn erl of carcoys • |?at mid king arj»ure was • 
He biturnde him J?o he sey • ]>e romeins lu]?er pas • 
& on ]7oru out J'at body • he smot mid is lance • 
pe erl of oxenford ek • ]?o^te of is cheance • 4276 

He biturnde him & mid is launce • }?oru ])o ]?rote 

smot on • 
& }^us ]?is ]?re gode kni^tes • sturede hom among hor 

fon • 



4267. teas i>o'] ))0 was 5. 

4268. ^] om. j3. hupte ner"] hupte for]? ct ; hupte fur S ; lepe forj^e j3 ; 
leppe forthe y ; skypped forjje e. adrou'] he drowe e. 

4269. of i>at heued] him ofj^at heued a ; of quyntilicyanes heed )3 ; of bis 
hede 5 ; of his heed e. anon ^] & anon B. anoii] om. a)35e. 
\>at .... him] fo [r] \> mid him hit a ; for{>e with him hit )35 ; so for)) 
wit" him hit e. 

4270- wi)>] to oy85e. /o] mid a ; with j856. 7Jor hom] from hem y ; 

fro hem e. ^?/<] om. a;85e. 

4271. an ^orse] on horse a ; on hors /SSe. ?«a< a?/o<e] B ; was auote A ; 
what on fote S ; & a fote a ; & a foote e ; & on fote 3 ; and what on 
fote y. \>e . . . . sywede] l?er sywede puple o ; \>ev sewede pcple /3 ; 
)>er sewed peple 5 ; Jjer sewyd him peple e. hom] hym B. 

4272. Vor to] Vort a. hor] his 7. grete] om. o^SSe. s/o?<] aslou a. 

4273. erl] om. o/Se. carco?/s] arthois « ; Arthoys /Se ; Cartoys 5. 

4274. biturnde] turned ^e, sey] sawe y ; se e. 

427.5. \>oru out] throwte 5. )>at] J>e )35e. /;e s»?o<] smote 5 ; he 

smote him e. 

4276. oxenford] oxeneforde a. e^] also y. of]on 5f. 

4277. biturnde] turned $e. §"] om. a;85e. )5o?-k] & J)oru a; & 
}>rou) 6 ; 8i, I'urgh P • and J^oruj e, 

4278. .'/tx/f] om. a/SSe. s<Kr«/e] stured B. hom] om. cijSSe. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 301 



Arthure. fol. cc b. 

po was ])er on |?at het marcel • ]?at fonded mid al is 

mayn • 
Vor to awreko quintylian • to quelle sire waweyn • 4280 
Sii'G wawein him biturnde • & an stroc him lef- Ictus waw- 

& al ]?at heued & J^e breste • al clanliche him to clef • ^'°' 
Go he sede to quintilyan • in helle per he is • 
& seye him pat sire wawein • him sonde word pis • 
pat suiche strokes pe brutons • conne tiue ywis • 
pat he seip pat mid hom • bote ^ulpinge & bost nis • 
Vor ichot puder pou ssalt • pin del pou mitt him 

ssewe • 
His felawes he bad tm-ne aten • al pei hii were vewe • 
Hii turnde at en ech of hom • atto laste on slou • [211] 

Ac euere pe romeiiis after • sywede uaste ynou • 4290 



4279. het'] highte y ; hyte e. fonded] foudede Ba ; sewyd e. 

4280. Vor to] Vort a ; To 5. quintylian] Quintilicyan j3 ; Quinti- 
lucyan e. to quelle] to sic B ; & quelle ae ; and kilie /3 ; & to sle S. 

4281. biturnde] turned )35e. an] o a • one /3e. him yef] he laue e. 

4282. §•] J>at B. §• a/ . . . . breste] & Jpat heued te )>e bruste a ; 
That \>c heed to \>C: brest /8 ; And J>e brest & \>c hede 5 ; Marcel jjorui >e 
heed in to \>q bryst e. al] om. B. him to clef] in two him 
claue e. 

4283. quintilyan] quinciliana; Quintilicyan y3 ; Quintilucian «. /w] 
in to )35. 

4284. seye] seij> /3 ; seythe y. him smdc] seudo him a; sendej? him ;8; 
sended him 7 ; sent to him e. 

4285. brutons] broutons o. 

4286. pa< he ... . hom] pat seyb }>er nis mid ham no Jjiug a; That se\\> 
\>er nys with hem no}>inge (8 ; That seij' I'er is no >ing w' hem e. 
sei\>] seyde B ; seyd 5. hom] hym B. yulpimjc] julp o ; jelpe 5 ; 
jelp € ; brag )3. nis] }>er is a)3e ; \xivc nys 5. 

4287. tc/io<] ychot wel B ; ich wot o ; I wot /3 ; y wote e. ^uder] )>at 
)>ydir )>ou 5. \>in del] J>i del o ; J>y dool ;3 ; thi doel y ; l^erfor J>i 
doole €. Am] om. a^e. 

4288. 6a(/] bed B. al \>ei] & K'i a ; & Ijou) ;3 ; J)0U5 e. t;ewe] 
bot fewe 5. 

4289. ech] & ech Ba ; & eche /85e. atte laste] atte leste B ; at \>q leste 
ai35. slou] a slou a. 



302 THE CHRONICLE OF 

auxiiium go )?at |?er com out of an wode • as- it was bi speke • 
An SIX pousend oi brutons • nor lelawes uor to 

awreke • 
Hii come out mid god eyi' • & asaylede uaste • 
pe romeins & monye slowe • & some adoun caste • 
po to petreye a gret rome}^! • ]?es tydinge com • 4295 
Ten j^ousend hors ywrye • mid him sone he nom • - 
Vor te helpe is felawes • & ]?o J?e o]?er ne mi^te be • 
Toward ]?e wode wanene hii come • |?e brutons gonne 

to fle. 
Ac ]>o hii come among narwe hegges • hii stode a^en 

anon . 
& turnde "pe brest aten • & vaste slowe hor fon • 4300 
& )?e romeins stode azen • so ]?at 'per was gret sla^t • 
pe erl of oxenford ysey • J»at ]?is fare nas na^t • 
pulke J»at he mast truste to • as a gret compaynye • 
He bed hom sywy treweliche • to do chiualerye • 



4291. out] om. S. an] o a; a )8Se. was bi speke] had ybe 
byspoke e. 

4292. A71] O o ; om. /3 ; And 5. brutons] broutons o. uor to] 
forto )8 ; fort a ; to 5. awreke] wreke yS ; haue wroke S, 

4293. god eyr] gret eir a ; gret eire /3 ; gret Ire e ; good chere 5. Sf] 
& \>Qi €. uaste] him fast 5. 

4294. Sf] om. 5. monye] mani^e a ; many \>ey 5e. some] som }>ei e. 

4295. petreye] Petreys e, a] o a ; oo y. \>es] J>ys B5 ; J>is aySe. 
tydinge] tij^inge a ; tyjjinges )8 ; thidynges y ; ty)>ynges 5. 

4296. hors] of hors Ba;8e. 

4297. \>e] om. Bo;95. \>e o\)er . . . , be] i>e to>er no my^t had ajenst 
hem to be e. 

4298. Toward] To afi ; But to e. wanene] fram wanne B ; fram 
wha o ; fram whom ; whens 5 ; fro whennys e. hii] he B. 
go7ine to fle] gonne fle a ; gan fle /SSe. 

4299. Ac \>o hii] Tyl }>ei e. among] to o;85 ; a monge )?e e. hit] 
\>o \>ei e. 

4300. brest] breste B ; bruste o. 

4301. stode] stod B. so] \>o B. • 

4302. oxe7iford] oxeneforde a. ysey] sawe y; se e. nas] -was /SSe. 

4303. y^ulke ]f>at he] He t»at Arthure €. viest truste] mest triste a; 
trust moste 7 ; tryste most e. as a] as o a ; as 00 7 ; as of t>at e. 

4304. He bed] He bad u ; Badde e. hom] hym B. sywy] sywi 
him o ; sewc him y35e. Jo] don f>at «)3 ; don Jjere 5 ; do a newe e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 303 

po J>is voreward was ymad • ];oru out ]?is ost he drou • 

& percede J?e ost ]?oru out • &s uaste aboute slou . 

So )?at to hor maister • petreye he com • capcio 

& uaste as he adde i)?o^t • binej'e ]>e nekke he him nom • P^^treye. 

& wi'aste him adoun of is hors • & him sulf al so • 

Anoward him he vel adoun • as he adde i]?o^t to 

do . 4310 

pe romeyns sturte to anon • hor prince vor to arere • r2i2] 
pe brutons to helpe hor alf • vaste aboute were • 
per was pultinge & ssouinge • &; stroc monyon • 
So J^at |?e brutons atte laste • among al hor fon • 
Mid streng]?e ladde vor]? • petreye hor prince J^ere • 
po l?e romeyns were wij'oute chef • desconforted hii 

were • 4316 

• A'rthure • foi 67 

& to spradde hom her &; J^er . & ];e oj'ere after vaste • victoria 
& slowe & despoylede • & to grounde hom caste • brutonum. 

4305. l>is ost] ost B. 

4306. J>e] Hs $. 

4307. hor maister petreye'] Petreys her master sone to him e. 

4308. uaste] ova. e. i\>oyt] J>ou)t /3. binei>e .... 7iom] he mette 
him & by J^e necke him nome e. hine])e] by B^5 ; bi a. he] 
ova. Baj85. 

4309. ztrasie] >raste B ; wreste a ; wrest e ; pulde/3; pulled 7. adoun] 
doun 5. sulf] sulue B. 

4310. Anoward .... adoim] And he fylle a downe vppon him e. 
Anoward] Anowarde Bo. he] cm. Baff. adoun] doun 5. i);>oyt] 
Jjou^t j8. 

4311. sturte] sturt 0; stertte e. to anon] anone 3; a noon to e, 
vor to] Tp to Bo/35e, 

4312. hor alf] here side )3 ; ther syde y. vaste] besy fast e, tvere] 
J>ei were e. 

4313. pultinge] pultyng B ; puttynge $ ; pultyng c. ssouinge] ssouyng 
B ; schuuinge o ; schowynge j8 ; schowyng e, stroc] strokes a$5e. 

4314. \>e brut07is] at \>e broutons o. 

4315. vor\)] swi>e forjj a; swyjje forJ>e e. petreye] Petreys €. hor] 
\)e a)35e. 

4316. po ]pe romeyns were] Tho were \>q Romayns e. chef] cheftajTie 
/3 ; cheuenteyn c desconforted] J^erfor j^ei discomforted e. 

4317. o\>ere] tot)er e; Brutons /3. 

4318. despoylede] despoyled hem e. to] fast to )8. caste] swijje 
caste a. 



304 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& astorede horn mid hor armes • & j;e hexte aliue 

nome • 
So ]>at mid gi'et prowesse ♦ to ]>e king arjmre hii 

come . 4320 

Welle J?at ]>e king • vor he niiste her of nott • 
Vayre ^ifte he horn ief«& wel mo he adde i|>o^t • 
]>e prisons amorwe • to parys he sende • 
To holde in prison & wi]? hom • god condut ]?er wende • 
pe romeins ]?otte ]^is wel • & as }?e maystres hete • 
Viftene J^ousend ]>er wende • J^is prisons to mete • 
Obuiacio. po ];e brutons come • mid ])e prisons p'ar • 

pe romeins come aten hom • al an onywar • 

& wende hom to ssende anon • ac J?e brutons a^en 

stode • 
& defended hom • ]}e wule hii mi^te wij; wel stourdy 

mode . 4330 

So ]?at vor defaute of help • hii were wel ney issend • 
Ac ]?o com )?e due of peyto • as god adde J?e grace 

ysend • 



4319. astorede'] a'^tored B. armes'] armere 5 ; armoure e. hexte] 
hi^cst men e. aliiic] on lyue y. 

4320. he] om. aj85e. 

4321. Welle \>at \>e king] Welle )>at t>e kyng was J^o glad B; Wel -was 
J>e king ho & glad ynou a ■ Proude was he kyuge han & glad ynowj $ ; 
The kynge ho herof was gladde 5 ; Tho was he kyng glade y nowe e. 
he 7iiiste] he wist & ; he wyst e ; ere he wist 5. noyt] ry;t nojt e. 

4322. yifte] }yftys B ; ^iftes ae ; ^yftes y3. ho7n] hym B. horn yef] 
ya{ hem ho 5 ; hem ^aue e. wel mo] many mo e. 2ho)<] 
hou)t /8. 

4323. prisons] prisones a ; Prysoners &f. 

4324. wi\>] mid o. hom] hym B. co7idut] conduyt a. 

4325. ho)te] wist B. h«s wel] a noher wile e. Sf as he] & what he ; 
as her e. hete] sette c. 

4326. prisojis] prisones a; prisoners )3e. to] vor to B. 

4327. prisoTis] prisoners )3e. 

4328. ayen] a^enst e. an] om. fiSe. out/war] vnware /3e. 

4329. hom to ssende] to haue shende hem e. ayen] aye a ; ho aien e. 

4330. defended] defendede o. \>e wule] wyle B ; while 6. wi\>] 
myd B ; mid o. wel] ry^t j3. mode] mod a. 

4331. wel] alB; om. a^e. issend] ichend o ; yschent j8. 

4332. adde he] )aue hat e. ysend] ysent e ; sent /8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 305 

Mid jn-e |?ousend hors ywiyc • «fc her of was ywar • [213] 

po were J^e brutons glade ynou • &; j^en feld made bar • trutonum. 
& J?en king of Scyrie • & mony o]7ere liii slowe • 
& louerdinges |^at liii nome • to prison vaste hii 

drowe • 4336 

po hii to ]?e king come • & ssewede hor stalwardhede • 
pe king was ])o glad ynou • vor him j^o^te he nadde 

no drede • 
T ueye |?e senatour • in gret }^o^t was sone • 

In such hard cas as him biuel • wat were best to 

done • 4340 

So Vat he ]?02te stilleliche -In to a strong cyte to 

wende • 
Vorte ])e emperour him mi^te • more poer sende • 
King arj'ure was ]^er of ywar • & }>o^te ar he .slepe • *J 

Wi}> al is poer bi j^e wey • somwar him kepe • 



4333. Mid'} And ;Se. liars'] of hors 7. her of ] )>erofB. ywar] 
•ware ^ ; \>ei ware e. 

4334. ylade] glad B ; Jjerof glad a ; J'erof glade € ; ry)t glad 13. ynou] 
om. a. }pen] \>ane a ; J>at jSe. made] mad a ; J>ei made e. bar] lar a. 

4335. \>e7i] J)e B/3s ; t>ane a; J^an J^e 5. Scyrie] sjTge B ; syri^c a; 
Siri^e ^ ; Surrye 5. mo7iy] monije a. 

4336. (^-J Andiiea. louerdinges] cj^ere lordes 5; lordyngges e. nome] 
toke /35. to] to J>e ay3 ; and to S. vaste hii] hi a ; J^ei ^ ; hem 5 ; 
\>ei hem e. 

4337. pohii] And when J^ei ; And ]>o \>ei e. stalwardhede] stalworthe 
dede /Se. 

4338. was] wos B. vor] om. a$Se. nadde 710] haddc no 13 ; had ])C 
lesse e. 

4339. gret] om. B. ivas] was he B. 

4340. hard] a e ; om. a/3. biucl] vel B ; felle S. were Z»es/] host 
were afiS. 

4341. /te] BajSye ; \>e A. /?« <o] to Ba/3. a strong] o strong a ; o 
stronge /3 ; som gret €. to] om. B. 

4342. Vorte] Vort a ; Vn to ^ ; Forto j^at 5 ; For to e. »Ho;-e ^oe;-] 
power more afi ; power more to him e. 

4343. J?er of] her of Ba5; here of $e. ywar] ware )3e. ar] er o ; 
or ^e. 

4344. T7i>] Mid a. is poer . . . kepe] Jjc power Kit he hadde hy he 
Aveye somwhare him mete fi ; }>e power hat he had to be in he wey 
somewhere hem to mete e. kepe] ymete a ; mete 5. 

U 



pna, 



306 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ordinacio Vor|? he wende mid is ost • & ]?o he was ycome • 
rum beui To ]7e stude j^er he wolde be • cheuenteins he made 
per ar- some • 4346 

As ]>e king of cornwayle • & of scotlond al so • 
Of iiorJ?weye of denemareh • of brutejnae of peyto • 
Of gascoyne • of normandye • & erles ^ut ]?er to • 
Of carcois of oxenford • of leicestre al so • 4350 

summa . & sire wawein is neueu • flour of corteysye • 
armatorum jj^^ ^^^ j^^ delde a seueiie • & in ech compaynye • 

Vif )70usend & vif hundred • he dude of hors ywrye • 
& vifti & viue • & ]?at was vair seignorie • 

foi. 67 b. • Arthure - 

Acies pro- pe eitte]7e ost to him sulue • he adde ]>er wijjoute • 

Six hundred & six ]70usend • ]7er were in J^ulke route • 
[214] & sixti & sixe • & is dragon arerd of golde • 

As in stude of is baner • & ]?anne ^if eni wolde • 

Come as to defense • J^at vorwounded were • 

Oj'er wery as in castel • recetted were j^ere • 4360 

4345. mid'] wit> al e. 

4346. stude'] stede B/8 ; stedde e. cheuenteins] cheueteyns B ; and 
cheuenteyns e. 

4348. 7ior]i>we>/e] noreweyje a, of peyto] & of P. e. 

4349. norinandye] Normardy e. 

4349. 50. §• erles . . . oxenford] omitted in 5. 

4350. carcois] cartoysB; artoysa; Arthoys;8e. al so] he made also /3. 

4351. flour] >e floure j8. of] of al e. 

4352. delde] delta e. a seuene] Ba5; inseuenciSe; as euene A. 8f 
i7i] on a ; & >at in /S. ech] eclie a. 

4353. hors ywrye] bachelerje B. 

4354. 8f >a<] J^at S. ]pat~] J)is j3. vair] a faire ^ ; a fayre e. 

4355. eiyte)>e] eytuj^e a; ey^te j8; eijt e. to him . . . adde] lie hadde 
(had e) to him (his -y) self fiye. \>er wi\>oute] \ni> out doute e. 

4356. hundred] ^ousend Ba ; l^ousande ^ ; thousand 5 ; }>ousand e. 
}pousend] hondred B ; hundred aS ; hundrede j8 ; hunderd e. )>e/'] 
\>2it S. were] was e. ];>tdke] J>are o ; }>at j35e. 

4357. Sf is] and si{>>e his e. dragon] gragon a. arerd of] yrerd 
of B ; rerd of o ; rered of ;8e ; rede as 5. 

4358. stude] stedde e. 

4359. as to defense] and in defence be e. \>at] l^ei \>aX e. vorwounded] 
uurwounded B ; forwonded a. 

4360. 0];>cr wery] Ther e. castel] a castel Be ; o castel a ; ony Castel 
)3 ; eny castell j ; a castell 5. recetted] rescetted j3 ; resettyd e. 
were \>ere] ^ei wwe «. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 807 

po he adde )?is ost yset • he bigan horn Rede • predicacio 

& in ]7is batayle to conseyli • & ]?es wordes sede • arthure 

Min leue priiie kniites • ]?at euere abbe]? god ybe • 
Vor noil as wide as is |?e world • me ne ssal tome 

pers yse • 
Xe abbe]? ymad leiiedy • briitayne toure owe lond • 
Of |?rettene kinedoms • J^at we abbe]? in vi*e bond • 
Vor ]7er te abbe]? noii vif ler • of batayle vn vsed be • 
^iit in toiire noble prowesse • wel diirinde ich tou 

se • 
pat so gret folc of romeins • le vewe made fie • 
In to j)is toun her biiiore • ]?at sone wolle]? out te • 4370 
& ye ssollej? hom mete & quelle • as so mony ssep uor 

na^t . 
Hii wende wel hor owe sleuj^e -on tou abbe yca^t • 

4361. koni] him S; hem e. Rede'] to rede Se. 

4362. in'] on a ; of Se. ]?is bataile to conseyli] his Bataile hem coun- 
seylede /3 ; J)is he hem conseilled e. i>es] J>is o ; j^ise /3. 

4363. Mi?i] Mine a; My )35e. leue priue] leoue priue a; gentile priue 
5 ; most trysty & preuy e. euere abbe]> god] gode abby)? euere B ; 
gode habbe}? euere a ; good han (haue 7) euere fi-} ; good euere haue S ; 
good euer haj> e. ybe] be 5 ; been fi ; bene y. 

4364. Vor . . . world] For nowe as in J>e Avorlde ; Nowe in al t)is 
worlde e. 7«e ?ie ssal] men schal no^t e. youre] eur a (& passim). 
pers] per Ba. yse] se e ; seen ; sene y. 

4365. abbei)] haue /8 ; han e. ymad] ymaked a; made /3 ; ymade e. 
leuedy] lefdi o ; lorde & heed j3 ; one lady e. owe] owne e. 

4366. ]>rettene] Jpirtene e. kinedoms] kyngdomes e. abbe\>] hauen 
)8 ; haue y ; hajj e. 

4367. Vor \>er] And e. >er] J^ey B; om. aj85. ^e] -we y. abbe\> . . . 
rer] non habbej? fif ^er a ;''now haue)? fyue jere ;8 ; haue an fyue ^ere S ; 
nowe ha}> y ben J^is fyue ^eer e. of batayle vn vsed] vn vsed of 
bateille e. 

4368. •^Mi] And )it 5. yoiire noble] eny 5. noble] om. o)3e. 
wel] weel e. durinde] duryng e ; durynge |8. 

4369. gret] moche e. made] mad B. 

4370. biuore] afore 7. wollc\> out] je schal with oute /8 ; wille out S ; 
•woUe out 6. te] teo o ; se /3 ; flye e. 

4371. ssoUe\>] ssolle B ; scholia a ; schal ; schul Se. so mony] 
so nionye B ; fele afi ; so fele 5 ; om. e. 

4372. Hii] TheiS. wel] om. a)35e. hor owe sleu^pe] here owen sleujjc )3 ; 
in loure slowj^e e. o?i] in ct/85 ; om. e. aZ<ie ycayt] to haue cau^t e. 

u 2 



308 THE CHKONICLE OF 

Wanne hii wolde of toure lond • so villiche habbe 

truage • 
«Sc so noblemen as te be]? • bringe in so vil seruage • 
Nute]? hii nott ])e chiualeiye • ]?at le abbe]> in franco 

ydo • 4375 

In nor)?weye & in denemarch • & in o]:'er londes al so 
Of hor stinkinge seruise • ]?at le aljbe]; out ybro^t • 
pis haluemen • ze ssolle winne • wel liitloker & uor nott • 
[215] Woeli honours wolde tou come • tif le hom ouercome • 
Yor we wolde anon ])er after • vor]? & winne rome '4380 
Of tresours |?at tou Jeanne wor]> • ne of tounes ne of 

tours • 
Ne of londes non ende ne worJ> • ne of oj^ere honours • 
pat folc bi het him }?o echon • prest vor to be • 
To deye raj^er in ]fe felde • |?an ]7e bataile fle • 
predicacio Lucye be senatour al so • in is dede • 4385 

luCVG. 

Ordeynede & radde is ost • & )7es wordes sede • 



4373. yourel oure 5e. habbe] haue e. 

4374. so] om. B. so] om. a/356. 

4375. NuteV] Wote> ^; Wete 5; Wynne e. \>e] what 5. abbeV] 
ha)> 6. 

4376. nor\>weye] norewey^e a. ^ in denemarch] in denemarch a/Se. 
o)>er] ojjere o. londes] places 5. 

4377. Of] And of e. stinkinye] stinkinde a. ye abbe)p] ^e habbe)> 
eu o; ^e haue ^ow /3S; \xa.\> jovl e. z/6;-o^<] broujt fi. 

4378. p/s] Thuse S ; Thise ySe. haluemen] vnmy^thy men fi ; vn- 
myghtymeny. sso//e] schul e. wel liytloker] J>e ly^tlokoure 
/8 ; )>^ lyghtloker 5. §•] om. afie. 

4379. Woc/i . . . come] Eor whiche honour it wil to ^ow be 5; Whiche 
were to 5011 gret honoure e. honours] onouers B ; honour a/3. 

4380. wolde] wole yS ; wolle 5 ; wol ye. )>er after] after )>at e. 

4381. Of] Than of e. tresours] \>e tresour B^ ; \>e tresor a; J>e 
TresoureS; tresoure e. "yOu \>anne ivor\>] ^e schal worJ>e e ; ^e schal 
haue )8. ne of tounes] of tounes a; of townes )3e. ne] & e. 

4382. Ne . . . honours] No londe schalle be to 50U lyke nei^er of 
hououres e. londes] loude /3. e?u/e] om. 7. /«e worj?] ■worj? a5 ; 
schal be )3. 7ie] no j3. 

4383. f'a^ folc] pet folc B ; They 5. bi het him \)0 echon] echon 
graunted him j^o e. bi het] by bete BS. prest] alle prest 5. 

4384. \,e felde] feld B ; J^e feld o, )>an ]>e] )>an in )>e e. fle] to fle Se. 

4385. senatour al so . in] senatour :al so in a. m] on S. rierfe] syde e. 
438G. radde] rayed )3. §•] and to hem e. )3es] )>eos «. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 309 

Mine noble kni^tes • to was poer &l heste • 

Alio londes ssollc abuye to • by este & bi weste • 

penchej? on ^oure olderne • J>at were so noble on 

mitte • 
pat ne dradde no^t vor to sscde hor blod • vor to 

winne hor ri^te • 4390 

Ac euere vou^te as horn nere • de]? issape non • 
& so liii wonne hor seignorye • & ouercome hor 

fon • 



• Arthure • foi. 68, 

& adde seruage of al ]?e world • were it nou wel bi 

gonne • 
pat we lore \q nobleye • ]7at hii so nobliche wonne • 
Oure fon al tare be}) • bote we vaste hye • 4395 

Seche we horn in \e, feld • vor vre is ]?e maystrye • 
An ern in stude of is baner • he sette vp of bellum. 

golde • 
& wende toward |?is batayle • abyde wo so wolde • 



4387. Mine] My /3e. was] whas a; whos j85e ; whoos y. 

4388. ssolle] shal y ; schulde 5. ubui/e] abouye B ; abowe a/8o ; obcye 6_ 
este] weste Ba ; west 5. 8f] Sc eke 5. weste] este Ba ; est 5. 

4389. oil] ofa/Se. youre] oure 5. elderne] vlderne a; cldres ;8. 
so noble on] of so noble Ba;35e. 

4390. p«< ne dradde] Ne dradde B ; Ne dradden a ; The drad fi ; They 
dradde y ; And drede 5 ; AVhiehe dredden e. vor] om. BajSSe. hor] 
om. a/35. vor] om. a;8. 

4391. vou-yte] fouten a; fou^ten jS; foujtten e. horn nere] hem were 
fi ; hem had y be e. issape] y shapen e. 

4392. wonne] wanne )3. 

4393. were] but were e. 

4394. we] Jpei e. lore] lese /3 ; lost 5. \>c] \>^i 5. so] oui. aj8. 

4395. 4.196. Omitted in B. 

4395. ^are] redy /8e ; redye 5. bote we] ote wc a ; oute we /3 ; late 
vs 5 ; J)er for ou^t we e. //?/e] to hi^e e. 

4396. Seche] Sewe «. vre] oare a ; oures j9e ; ours y. 

4397. An'] On a ; One 3. stude] stedde e. 

4398. wende toward] wende to a; went to )3 ; jeede to e. 



310 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii made hor cry in eyj^er half • & to gadere smite • 
Wo so nuste neuere of sla^t • j^ere he miite ywyte • 4400 
pat folc vel to grounde aslawe • as leues do]? of tre • 
occisio pe brutons adde j^e worse verst • vor hom was lo]? to fie • 
rliei P® king bedwer was ]?er aslawe • vor ^e king of medes 
him slou • 
Mid an launce j?oru J^e ]?rote • as he toward him drou • 
Kay is felawe him wolde awreke • king of aungeo • 
&5 to dej^e was in j?ulke verde • ywounded al so • 
& tut as a noble knitt • is felawes body he nom • 
& ]7er wi|? ded as it was • to J?e kinges dragon com • 
Ou louerd ]>e deol ]7at J^er was • of hom of normandye • 
po hii seye hor king aslawe • flour of chiualerye • 4410 
pe deol of hom ek of aungeo • ]?o hii hor king yseye • 
Wi]7 woundes to Raunced so • J>at he moste nede deye • 

4399. in'] on 78. ey\>er half] euery syde 7. SJiiite] smytte e. 

4400. so] om. B. 7mste neuere] nuste nout a ; nyst neuere 7 ; Tvist 
noght 5 ; knewe neuer e. slayt] slaut a ; slaughter 7 ; slaujtter e. 
ywyte] wyte e ; wytte )3. 

4401. vel] vel doun B ; fel don 5. aslawe] om. a^e. as] so a. leues 
do)p] do> leues yS ; leues don 8 ; leflFes doen e, tre] ]>e treo a ; J^e tree j8. 

4402. >e worse] >at worse a. verst] vorste B ; furst a. tojle] 
fleo a. 

4403. pe] And e. bedwer] of bedwer a. aslawe] ysleyne e ; slayne 7. 
vor] om. aySSe. 

4404. an] one a ; a 76. ])oru] J>oruj out e ; })urgli oute j8. as] are S. 

4406. 8f] pat a;35e. m . . . al so] for wondedin }>e feeld eke also e. 
\>ulhe verde] )>q ferde a ; }>e felde )85. ywounded] for wonded a ; 
forwoundede )8. also] ek also o; eke also j8S. 

4407. as] om. /3e. a] o a. 

4408. rferf . . . com] ^eede to \>q kyngges stondard dragon sone he 
come e. 

4409. Ou] om. a/3e ; A 5. deol] dul a ; dole 7 ; doole e, J>er was] 
was >ere )3. 

4410. hii seye] )>ei se e. aslawe] y sleyne e. 

4411. 'pe deol . . . aungeo] & hi dulede of angeo a- & ]>ei doled of 
Aungeo ^ ; And J>ey made deol of Aungeo 5 ; And J^ei of Aungeo 
doled €. of hom ek] ek of hem B. Jjo hii] for J^ei e. yseye] 
sey 7 ; se e. 

4412. zco?»!tfcs] wounden B ; wondene a. to Raunced so] so to ranced 
o ; so to raced )3 ; so to rassed 5 ; so al to rased e. nede] nedys 5 ; 
nedes 76, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 311 

Hyrel bedweres neueu • |>o is vncle aslawe he sey • nepos 
He vercle as a witles mon • hit was cleol to be him ney • 
Mid ]?re hundred hors ywrye • In is wod rage • he 

wende • 4415 

Vor to awreke is vncle dej> • as fur is herte tende • 
He percede est & oVer • vorte he ysey ynou • occisio 

pe kinges baner of medes • |jat is vncle slou • modes. 

So gret was is herte |7at of de]? • he ne ro^te no J?ing • 
To grounde he smot him & is • & a slou ])en king • 4420 
& ]?ere as is vncle ded lay • is foule caroyne he brotte • 
& riit per bi pecemele • hakked it al to no^te • 
po gradde he to is felawes • mid god herte ]?ere • 
To legge on vaste ]?e luj^ermen • ]>e wule hii versche 

were • 
Vor 'pe prowesse J^at he adde • ydo • hii sturede horn alle [217] 

vaste • 4425 

& fotte & in ejper half • J7at folc adoun caste • 

4413. Hyrel'] Birel afi ; Byrel e. is vncle . . . set/'] he his vncle aslawe 
sey o ; he his vncle slayu sei^e ;3 ; he se his vncle sleyne e. 

4414. a] o a. 

4415. wod'] om. afiSe. 

4416. Vor to] Vort a. vncle] mcles oj8e. /w] ver B ; fure j8 
fyre y ; fyer e ; a fuyre S. tende] tent )8 ; brende e. 

4417. vorte] vorto B; fort a; for to e; vn to j8. l/sey] sey a; sawe 
^ ; se 6. ynou] wel ynou^ ;85 ; nowe e. 

4419. was is herte] was his hurte a ; his hart was e. )>at] om. a/SSe 
he ne ro-^te] ne route him a ; ne rou^t him )8 ; rought he 7 ; he ne 
rowght him 5 ; him rou^te e. 

4420. he smot him Sf is] smote bothe him and his y. him Sf is] he & 
ys B; he & his a^e ; him }>ere S. a slou \>en] aslowe \)en B ; slowen 
Jjane a ; slowen bat fi ; slowe i>at y ; slouj }>ere ^e 5 ; slowe l^e e. 

4421. deJ lay] lay deed e. is] J?ider J^is e. caroyne] careyne 76. 

4422. ri^t] om. S. riyt \>er] there right y. hakked it'] he hacked it 
/Se ; hit hackede o ; hit hakked S. 

4423. gradde he] grad he a ; he callyd fi ; he crj^ed e. god] gode B ; 
gude a. 

4424. legge] bete e. on vaste] faste in a ; fast on ySSe. lu\>ermen'\ 
luj'er folk 5. J^e wule] while e. versche] versse B ; ferche a ; 
fresshe ye ; fers S. 

4425. )>at] om. 5. he adde ydo] \)q\ hadde do /8. horn alle] hem wel e. 

4426. fo-^te] fouten a ; fou^ten /3 ; faiighten 7 ; foughten S ; fouitten e. 
^ m] in Bae. \>at] and bet B ; & >at a;8e ; J>e 8. adoun] to 
grounde o/Se ; to the grounde 7. 



312 THE CHRONICLE OF 

romani In ]?e romeyns alf • to de])Q j^er were ydo • 

occisi. pg j^ij-^g Qf babiloyne • & ]>e king of spaine al so • 

& tueye grete senatours • & o]?er folc wij? oute ende • 
In is half ]?er were aslawe • noblemen & hende • 4430 

foi. 68 b. Arthure. 

brutones Sire le^er due of boloyne • »fe an ol>er due al so • 
occisi J f 

& J>e erl of salusbury • &, of cycestre j^er to • 

& ]?e erl of ba]^e al so • so ]/at J»oru ]?is cas • 

pe compaynie of }?is alf • moche anej?ered was • 

wawem & Hq ^om be king of brutayne • & sire wawein • be 
rex howel. , -, 

hende • 

Mid hor nywe ost al verss • & stured horn in ech 

ende • 

So ]?at ]>er were among hom • ]>o to depe ydo • 

A gret due & tuo ]?ousend • of oJ?er men al so • 



4427. In ^le romeyns alf '\ & fouten in eil>erhalfa. /?«] Anclof/3e. 
de\>e'\ Jie dethe S. 

4428. babiloyiie'] babilonie a ; Babilonye ;8. 8f \>e king of^ & of ajSe. 
spaine'] sapyne fiy. 

4429. §• tueye'] And J>e kyng of medes & tueye B ; & two 7 ; And 
tweyne e. o]>er] om. B. ivi\> oute] wij'outen a ; w' outten e ; 
wythouten 7. 

4430. In is half] In f>ys half B ; On J>is half a ; On J^is side /8 ; Of ^ys 
syde 5 ; And on J^is half e. aslawe] y sleyne e. noblemen] J^e 
noblemen Ba;85e. 

4431. leyer] A/37 ; lyger Be ; liger a5. boloyne] babyloyue B. an] 
on o. 

4432. Sf] & eke ay35 ; And also e. ^'j & ^e erle e. c?/ces^>'e] 
Circestre 7. )>er to] eke J^er to ;8. 

4433. \>e erl of ba\>e al so] also \>e erl of baj^e Ba;8S ; And eke J>e Erie of 
Baajje e. 

4434. of\>is] a \>es B ; of )>isse a ; ou J>is 5. ]j/s alf] }>ise half men e. 
ane\>ej-ed] anyjjered a ; y lessed e. 

4435. J>c Amt/] king j8. 

4436. M/V/ .... verss] Al mid hare nywe ostes fersche a ; Al with here 
newc ostus fresche /8 ; Al wi}> her newe fresshe ostes e. i)//*/] And w' 5. 
al] om. 5. stured] sturede a. hom] hem fast e. ccA] eche a ; good 5. 

4437. J'o] here B ; har a; l^er /3 ; there yS. ]>o to dei>e] to dc> ber e. 

4438. /I] O a ; One 7. of o\>er ^nen] and oj^er myd B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 313 

pe king howel & sire wawein • J'at so gode bodyes • were • 

Euere hii were yliche versse • »fe slowe her & ]>ere • 4440 

Bote hii som mon broite adoun • vewe duntes hii smite • 

We]7er of horn betere were • strong it were to wite • — y 

Sire waweyn willede • euere mid al is mi^te • pugna / 

Mid lucye |?e senatour • in batayle to fiite • lucye. 

Lucye ne wilnede noj^emo • no ]>ing somoche alonde • 

As to fitte mid a such knitt • him sulue uorto fonde • 

So ]?at hii mette hom ]7ere • boj^e hii were wel vaAve • [2 is] 

pere were duntes ariit • & suerdes wel adrawe • 

pe romeins come to hor maistres sone • to helpe him 

in such cas • 4449 

So ney }>at sire wawein ney • ybroit to grounde was • 
pe king arthure it vndertet • & com sone in an aduentus 

stounde . ^'''^''''■ 

Wat do]> le he sede sire kni^tes • quelle]^ on to 

grounde • 

4439. pe] Tho e ; om. |8. 

4440. yliche] elyche 7. versse] ferschs a. 

4441. Bote] For e. som mon bro^te] suinme men broute a ; somme 
men brou^t ; brou^t som men e. vewe . . . smite] at fewe dynttes 
J>at l>ei smytte e. 

4442. We];>er] Where 5. betere ivere] were Jjc better S. stron<j it 
toere] hard it is e. were] was Ba/35. 

4443. ivillede] wylnede B ; wilnede a ; wilned /8. 

4444. in batayle] om. e ; strongly fi. to] for to aySSe. 

4445. ne wilnede] wilnede a^ ; willied j8 ; willed 7 ; wylled e. no\>emo] 
nahemo B ; neuer)>emo 5 ; also ;8e. l""^] Mn A. alonde] in 
londe ;8S ; in no londe e. 

4446. to] for to 78. a such] such o a ; suche a j85e. sulue] sulf a. 
uor to fonde] with his honde )3. 

4447. hom] to geder e. wel] om. 5. wel vawe] ry^t fayne /8. 

4448. dtmtes .... adrawe] swerdes drawen & dyutes with gret mayne 
/3. ariyt] aryjt y sette e. adrawe] idrawe a; y drawe Be. 

4449. to hor maistres] to her mayster B ; om. a;85e. him] hem B. 
in such] in hat a^e ; on J>at 5. 

4450. ney] hycke B; J>icke aySe ; om. 5. Jiey ybroyt to yrounde] ney at 
grounde o ; nyje at grounde e ; nye atte he grounde /8 ; Mel nyie to 
grounde brou^t 5. 

4451. jTtf] Tho e. «/-hMrc] aihure A. /7] hat 5. «;i</e;-jc<] vnderiat a , 
vnderstode yS ; vnderstoode e. ^-] he e. an] a Be ; o a ; one 7. 

4452. do\>] do ttj35e. sjre] om. a/35e. quelle)) on] killeh on fast /8. 



314 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Wy lete te ]?is haluemen - ]7us longe aliue go • 
pencliej> on ]>e batailes • ]?at le abbe)? ar |?is ydo • 
On vre elderne ]>at ]>es wrecches • worrede mid vnritte • 
On vre franchise }>at hii wolde • binime vs lif hii 

mi^te • 
Ne lete]? non aliue go • to grounde smite]? toure fon • 
Sire calibourne is suerd • he bi gan to ssake anon • 
& slou to grounde her & ]7er • ac he ne smot nott on • 
pat he ne slou him o]?er his hors • & among horn 

echon • 4460 

pe king of lybye • & of bytynie • him sulf gan to 

quelle • 
Mid calibourne & sende • hor he]7ene soule to helle • 
pe brutons as hii versse were • to grounde ]?o slowe • 
& ]?e romeins in hor alf • uaste ek aien drowe • 

44.'i3. lete'] suffer e. i>is'] \>es a ; J>ise |8. aliue] on lyiie y. 

4454. pe7iche]>'] ThynkeJ' e. abbe])] ha^ e ; haue 13. ar] er o ; or ye. 
i>is] J>isse o. ydo] do )3. 

4455. On] 8c in a; And on /35e. vre elderne] eur vlderne a ; yovie 
eldres /8 ; pure elders e. i>at] cm. /8. \)es] ]?ys B ; jjis a ; Hse /3. 
ivorrede] werrede a ; werryd & ; haue worred 5 ; werred on e. 

4456. On vre franchise ]>at hii ivolde] & oure franchise wolde a; And 
oure fi'aunches wolde j8 ; And oure franchyses wold e. binime vs] 
binime a; bynym 5; bynome vs e. yifhii iniyte] w' vn ryght 8. 
yif] 5yf>at/3. 

4457. Ne letei>] Ne latej? B ; Ne lete )e a5 ; No lete ye /8 ; Nowe lete ye y ; 
Suffre ye e. aliue] ou lyue y. S7nite\>] slei^ a^; sleeth 5e. 
youre] oure a^e. 

4458. Sire] om. 0e. is] his gode a ; his good /8e. bi gan^ gan a5. 

4459. her Sf ]>er] Ba ; here & }?ere /85e ; her J^er A. ac he 7ie] ac he S ; 
for he 6. 

44G0. pat he ne slou him] J-'^at he slou^ him S ; But he him slowe e. 
o)>er] or 5. §•] om. ajSSe. among horn] among ham J>er a ; amonge 
hem >er 13 ; amonge theym there y ; among hem J'ere 5 ; J^ere a monge 
hem 6. echon] euerychoue 5. 

4461. lybye 8f of bytynie] bitinie & of libi^e a; Bitinie & of Lybie/8; 
Bytenye & of Lybye e. gan to] he gan Ba ; he dide /3 ; gan S ; gan 
hem e. 

4462. calibonie] calyborn his good swerde e. soule] soulys B ; bodi a; 
bodies ;S ; bodyc S ; bodyes e. 

4463. as] for e. versse] fersche o ; frcsshe e. to grounde \>o] \>o to 
grounde aSe ; Jiau to groiiiide H ; thanue to the grounde y. 

4464. c/(] om. aySSe. ayen'] ajeynward 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 315 

Lucye to hardissi is men • prikede here & j^ere • 
& bigonne as a nywe batayle • ri^t as hii versse were • 
Moroud erl of gloucestre • mid is ost bi syde • Aduentus 

In an valeye houede • j^e endinge uor to abyde • 

. Arthure • fo^- 69- 

Atte laste mid is versse vole • to horn he com ];ar • 

& biclosede |>is romeins • bi hinde an onywar • 4470 

po were J^e brutons al aboue • hii slowe |?o to grounde • [219] 

^e mony ]?ousend of j^e romeins • in a Intel stounde • occisio 

Lucye |7e senatour was • mid a spere J7oru ysmite • lucye. 

po adde ]?e brutons • ];e maistrie al bi lite • ' -j- 

pe romeins \aX mitte of scapie • flowe uaste some • victoria 

& ]7e brutons after • vor te hii were al ouercome • brutonum. 

Ai-mes hii adde J^ere & hors • «& alle richesse ynou • J 

pe king \o al J'is was ydo • toward reste drou • Sepultura 

regis, 

4465. hardissi] hardy B; hardissclii a; hert & hardyn fi; conforfe 5; 
bolde 6. 

4466. as a] al o a ; al a /3; also a 5 ; a e. Wj<] om. oySSe. as hii] 
as \>ei hi a; as l^ou^ J>ei j8e ; as thof J^ey y. as hit versse] fresche as 
\>ej S. versse] fersche a. 

4467. Moroud] Morond B ; Morounde e. 

4468. aji] one a0; a e. endinge] ende 5. uor to] fort o ; vn to j3. 

4469. vei'sse] fersche a ; fresshe e. vole] men j3e. com] came 5. 

4470. biclosede] closed in 6. \>is] J>e aj8e. an] om. 5. an onywar] 
al on vniwar a ; al vnwere /8 ; al vnware e. 

4471. aboue] aboute /3. )>o to] to the y; \>o fast to e. 

4472. ye mony] ^e monije a; Many /Se. \>ousend of \>e] Jjousend o; 
a J>ousand j35e, romeins] Romayne e. a Intel] one lutele a ; one 
litell y. 

4473. Lucye .... spere] pe scenatour was wy}> a sper Lucye B ; The 
senatour was w' a spere Lucie S. was mid a spere] mid o sper was 
o ; with o spere was )3 ; w' a spere was e. ])oru ysmite] >oru out 
ismite a ; )>urj oute smete /8 ; J>rou) ysmyte S ; j^oru^ out y smytte e. 

4474. al] om. e. bi yite] y gete S ; y gette e. 

4475. of scapie] ascapi^ea; ascape jSe. floive] h>ei flowe e. some] 
sone B. 

4476. vor te hii were al] for hi were a ; for f^ei were jSe. 

4477. Amies] Armere 5. Armes .... hors] Armoure and hors J>ei 
had J:>ere e. alle] al a. 

4478. al] hal B. ydo] do ;8. drou] he drowe e. 



I , 



316 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& let ])& bodies of is men • j^at aslawe were • 
Gaderye out & burye • nobliche ynou ]?ere • 4480 

Kinges in to hor owe lond • he let lede al so • 
As bedwer in to normandye • & kay in to aungeo • 
& an o]?er in to flaundres • & oj^ere of ];e route • 
Kni^tes he let burye • in abbeyes J?er aboute • 
Men bysyde of ]>e lond • he let burye is fon • 4485 

Vor he ne kepte uor reu]?e • ]?at J^er were vnbured non • 
corpus Ac lucyes body • he sende horn to rome • 
"^^^' & bed hom hor maystres body • vor is truage J^at 
hii nome • 
& l^at he nolde neuermo • o}'er truage hom sende • 
Ac he wolde him sulf tut j^uder • &; seche hom in 
echende • 4490 

Grettore batayle )?an ]?is was • ich wene nas neuere non • 
Bote it were ]mlke of troye • vor ]?er nas vnne]?e non • 



4479. aslawe'] slayne P ; y sleyne e. 

4480. Gaden/e'] Gadder e ; Sechen S. burye'] berieu 5 ; burye hem e. 
iiohliche ynou] wi{> al hououre e. ynou] alle aj8 ; om. 5. 

4481. in to] in ;8 ; vnto 5. owe] owen /3 ; owne ye. lond] londe B. 
let'] dude €. lede] lede and burye ;8. 

4482. As] & a; om. e. 7iormandye] nomandye A. in to] toBa; vnto 5. 

4483. ^] om. e. an] on a. in to] vnto S. ^ o\>ere of\>e] one 
of J^at 6. 

4484. \>er aboute] al aboute 13. 

4485. Men bysyde] Men bisides a^ ; And he comaunded men e. he let] 
he het to B ; he het a ; he made to 5 ; to e. 

4486. ne kepte] kept no)t e. \>er] om. fi ; }>ei e. 

4487. lucyes] lucie ys S. body] owe bodi a ; owen body /3 ; owne 
body ye ; own bodye 5. hom] hym B ; home y. 

4488. bed hom] bad ham a; badde hem e. is] om. 5. \>at hii] 
om. Bfie ; hi a ; \>ej 5. 

4489. nolde] wolde ySe. neuermo] neuere mo a ; neuere more B ; neuer 
more /8e ; euermore y. o\>er] nother y. 

4490. Ac .... ]>uder] Ac J>udcr he wolde him sulf come a ; Ac J^ydir be 
wolde him self come 5 ; But jnder he wole (wolde 7) him self come fiy. 
rut \)udcr] ^ut J^uder come B ; Jjider come e. §• seche] to seche 5. 
crhcnde] echo ende a. 

4491. \>(tn )>is ivas ich wenc] I wene |>an hys 5. was] om. e. nas] 
was /3e ; was J^er 5. 

4492. Bute] But if y. \>ulke] l>at e. 7ias] om. fie ; was 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 317 

Prynce in al |?c world ]?at ne moste • be ];ere o])qv 

sende • 
Fram |?e west syde of ]>e world • to ])e est most ende • 
po adde king arj^ure ywonne • fram ]>q west moste [220] 

se • 4495 

Anon to f>e mouns al ]>at lond • & ar he come ate • 
He J^o^te winne al clene rome • & al |?at lond ];er 

aboute • 
& vor to passy vor}> ]>e mouns • he tarkede uaste is 

route ♦ 
& as he was prest to do • ))ulke noble dede • nunciacio 

A messager com fram ]?is lond • & ny we tydinge sede • ^ "^ ™° ^^ • 
pat modred is neueu • wam he bitok ];is lond • 4501 
Hadde ynome )?is kinedom • clanliche in is hond • 
& yerouned him sulue king • ]?oru jje quene rede • 
& huld hire in spousbruche • in vyl flesses dede • 



4493. al'] om. a0. world'] worlde o. i>at ne . . . . o\>er] \>&i nas 
I'ar oJ>er Jjuder a ; J?at he nas J>ere o)jer j^lder ; J^at he nas j^ere 
o)>er 5 ; but he was ^ere ei)>er J^ider e. 

4494. to] vn to fi. )>e] \>a.n a. most] om. ajSe. 

4495. king] )>e kyng B ; om. aj3e. ywonne] woune 7. fram] fro e. 
moste] om. a;85e. 

4496. Anon .... lond] Al J>at lond (loude e) to }>e mons ae; And al 
J>at laud to \>e mons fi. Anon'] om. S. 1^-] om. Bay35e. ar] 
er a ; or fie. 

4497. winne] to wj'nne Se. al] om. e. c/e?ie] om. afi^e. ]>cit] 
J>e B. \>er] om. a/35e. 

4498. passy] passe 7e. yorj?] om. e. ■^ui'liede] arayd 5 ; gadcrd e. 
uaste] om. a/SSe. 

4499. prest] al prest a/Se. }>«/Ae] ]>at e. 

4500. A] O a. messager] messanger e. com fram] come fro e. 
tydinge] tiping a ; tit>inges j8. serfe] hym seyde B ; to him seid e. 

4501. modred] mordred 7 wam] wan B ; whaa; whom /8 ; whome7; 
to whom e. bitok] toke e. J><s] his /3. 

4502. ynome] take y3. )>js] ys B. clanliche] al hole e. »«] on a ; 
in to e. 

4503. yerouned] croimed /3 ; crowned 7. him sulue] him sulf o. 
quelle] quenes /3e ; quene ys 5. 

4504. in] on o. spousbruche] spousebreche 0. in] w' 5. vyl 
flesses] foule fleschly S ; foule flesshely e. 



318 



THE CHEONICLE OF 



Alas J'e lu]?er tiycherye • hou mi^te be more • 
po was ]>e king arj^ure • vol of sorwe & sore • 



foL 69 b. 



vadat 

anfflie. 



[221]. 
Imperacio 
modred. 



Ar])ure. 

In woch half turne he nuste ]>o • wej'er est J^e west • 
Ac to awreke him of is luj»er neueu • his herte bar 

aire best • 4508 

pe veage toward rome • he bileuede vor ]fis, cheance • 
& ye king howel of brutayne • mid J'e poer of france • 
He bileuede ]?er to wardy • is londes bi ^onde ]?e se • 
& hopede to wyinne rome • wanne he com eft ate • 
Mid J^e poer of \>e lond • hiderward he drou • 
& mid ]>e kinges her bisyde • horn "pozte er longe 

ynou • 
Ac modi-ed ]>q hiper suike • ];er biuore bi sotte • 4515 
iChelrik king of saxons • ]?at he help J?uder brotte • 



4505. }>e] J)at P. trycherye'] tresoua j8. &e] hit be j8e ; it be 78. 

4506. J)e] om. e. sore] of sore e. 

4507. In ... . nuste Jso] He wyst uo)t J>o in whiche half to turne e. 
J>e] o)>er )35 ; outher 7 ; or e. 

4508. awreke'] wreke B5. of] on 75, lu\>er] om. a^SSe. bar] 
ber B ; here 78 ; to him here e. aire] euere B ; him a;8S ; om. e. 
best] mest /3e. 

4509. bileuede] bilefde a ; lefte S ; left e. vor \>is] vor J?ys B ; for 
Jjis a/3 ; vorJ> is A. 

4511. bileuede] bilefde o; leued y3 ; lefte. to] and 7. wardy] 
warde e; kepe & warde /S. is londes] \>e londes o;8e ; J>e loude 5 
J>e] om. B. 

4512. to wyinne] Avinne o. eft] om. «;85e, 

4513. 4514 transposed in e, 

4513. Mid] And so w' e. of]pe] of J^ys B5; of >is aj8e. hiderward] 
home hyderward e. 

4514. §• mid .... bisyde] Wi> J>e stalworj^e kny^ttes J>at he had 
hinges] knyjttes )8. Aom] hym B7 ; him o/3S ; he e. er] euere 7; 
or €. 

4515. \>e] that 7. suike] suyke B ; swike ajS ; swyke e ; suiker A ; man 5. 
\>er biuore] afore he him ^ ; Jjere a fore e. bi so-^te] bijjou^t /3. 

4516. Chelrik] Chesrik o; Chesryke |8; Chesryk e. help \>uder'^ 
hem help B ; help him o ; helpe him S ; him helpe j8 ; som helpe to 
him e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 319 

& he bi het him & his • al kent ver & ner • 

Al ];at hengist adde wule • hi ]>e kinges day vortiger • 

He bi het him & is al so • al nor homber lond • 

&; al p&t lond fram homber • anon in to seotlond .4520 

So ]>Sbt eitte hundred ssipes • in to ];is londe he bro^te • potestas 

Vol of Saracens yarmed • as he him bi sotte • 

Gret poer of yrlonde • Modred him wan al so ♦ 

Of picars & of scottes • & of ech maner men ]7er to • 

pat he wuste |?at no loue • to ]?e king ar]?ure ne bere • Summa. 

So ]7at eiite score J'ousend • of hors ywrye p>er were • 

In is ost po hii were • ygadered in J>is cas • 

Wat of cristine wat of pay ens • «Sz; al to moche J^at was- 

po arjjure mid is poer • ariuede in ]?is londe • 4529 Aduentus 

Modi-ed bi gan mid is ost • aien him uaste at stonde • ^^^ "^®* 

Atte hauene an batayle • hii smite wi]? gret mayn • Occisio 

per was aslawe |?e hende knitt • ]?e noble sire wawein • waweyn. 

4518. wule'] furst a0 ; first ySe. bi })e] wyjjc B. bi . . . . day] of 
>e king a; of Jje kynge /35 ; of \>e kyng e. vortiger] Fortigere j8 ; 
Foitiger e ; Fortagere 5. 

4519. He bi het] & bihet a ; And bihy^t /3 ; And behighte y ; And by hete 
5 ; And by hette e. nor homber lond] norj^omberlond B ; northumber 
lond a ; Northumbre lond y ; northlonde S ; Northumber lond e. 

4520. §•] om. Ba|8. fram] fro e. anon] om, 5. in to] to afie ; vnto 5. 

4521. So] po B. londe] lond a, 

452'?. Vol of Saracens] Of sarasins folle a ; Of Sarazyus fulle ^ ; Of 
Sarasonnes wel e ; Of Saxons fulle 5. yarmed] yarmede a/8. him] 
hem 5 ; had him e. 

4523. wan] gat 5, 

4524. picars .... scottes] Scottes .... Pycardes e. 8f of scottes] 
om. B ; of Scottes /8. <^ of ech] & ech a ; & eche )8 ; & of al e ; 
eche 5, maner] om. e. 

4525. pat he wuste \>at] Al l^at he wyst e. i>e] om. 5e, ne] om. Ba/SSe. 

4526. So] om. a/8S. of] om. e. 

4527. In] Of a^e ; On 5. is] this y. ygadered] gadered Bj3. 
in] on a;85. 

4528. Wat] That y. wat of] & of o;8e. payens] payns B ; pains a ; 
panyms /8 ; panims 5, ^] om. o/85e. 

4529. in] on afiS. 

4530. At'wi] om. B. at sto7ide] stonde BaS ; to stonde ^e. 

4531. an] o«; of S; one e. hii smite] J?er J>ei smytte e. wi];>] myd 
B ; mid a. 

4532. aslawe] ysleyne e; slayuey. K'] Jjcn B. hende] hendi a; 
hendy €. kni^t] man e. t)e] Jjat e. s«re] man /8 ; knyjt Syr e. 



320 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& aiincel ]'e king of scotlond • & mony J^ousend al so • 
fuga & ]?e luj?er modred attelaste • ]>o al ]ns was ydo • 

Fleu mid al is poer • to winchestere uaste • 4535 

So ]>at ])e king ar]?ure • ]>e veld adde atte laste • 
fuga po gwenwar ])e lu]?er quene • hurde of ];is cas • 

regine & Fram eiierwik to karleon • to fleu mid quic pas • 

monacacio. , . / , ^ , -"^ 

[222] & bicom nonne j^ere • to libbe in chaste line • 

Som wat 20 was er adrad • ar he hiede so bliue • 4540 
Heo ne hiede nott aten hire louerd • to welcome him 

to londe • 
^ut hire was betere nonne to be • |?en come vnder is 
honde • 
persecucio po king ar]?ure adde ybured • is folc J^at ded was • 
regis. jjg sy wede after ye traytour • mid wel quic pas • 

fol. 70. • Ar\ure • 

Beiium pe ssrewe tarkede is ost • & at en him com • 4545 

wm onie. ^ wi];oute winchestre • ano|?er batayle nom • 



4533. auncel'] Amysel e. t>e] om. a^Se. monii~\ maui^e a ; many a e. 

4534. &,• \>e] Ac B ; Ac >e 5. modred'] man Modred a/Se ; man Mor- 
drede 7. attelaste] om. a)85e. ydo] do y. 

4535. Fleu] Flei a ; Fley) 5 ; Flye e. 

4536. ]?e khuj] king a/SSe. 

4537. Gwemvar] gwanwaur B ; gwenheoiier a^ ; Gwenhuuer e. hurde] 
harde y. 

4538. Fram] Fro e. ^0 fleu] heo fleu B ; heo flei a ; she flowe y ; 
sche flei) S ; sche fley f . mid quic] a wcl good S ; wij? wel quycke e. 

4539. nonne] a Nonne 5. nonne )>ere] ]>&v nonne a/8 ; there a Nonne 7 ; 
J>er a Nunne e. to lihhe] to lyue e ; in lyue 7. 

4540. 50] heoBa ; sche ^5e ; she 7. er] \>o S ; om. a^e. ar] J?at a)3e ; 
J?o S. he] heo Ba ; sche /SSe ; she 7. hiede] hi^ede a; ^ede 
)3e ; yede 7. 

4541. ne] om. 5e. a^ew /i/re] to hure afi ; to hyr e. we/cowe] 
■wolcome B. 

4542. '^ut hire] Yit she 7. io] om. Ba;85. ))e?i] J^ane a. 

4543. ybured] buryed 7. 

4544. we/ (/«/c] ryjt good /8. 

4545. ^arAeJe] araj'ed 5 ; gaderd e. /s ost] a newc ost 6. ^ at,e7i 
him] ayen hym 7 ; a^eyn him to e. 

4546. 7jo/h] he nom Ba ; he nome 5 ; l^ei uomc 0e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 321 

pere hii dude sorwe ynou • & slowe to grounde uaste • 
Ac |?e traytonr was bine]?e • & fley atte laste • ^^"^^ ^ 

To comwaile mid gret eyr • he ne dorste no ner 
abyde • 4549 

pere he gaderede him nywe ost • aboute in eche side • 
So ])a,t he adde vnder al • wib bat him bileuede er • Numerus 

imint oriim 

Sixti j^ousend hors ywrye • al to moche was }?er • 

His ost he ditte suij^e wel • al hou it ssolde be • 

& suor he wolde ra];er deye • ]7an euere eft fie • 

King arp'ure was anguisous • in is compaynye • 4555 persecucio 

pat J7e luj^er traytour • adde ofscaped so tuye • 

He sywede mid is folc • to eornwayle uaste • bellum. 

Bisyde |?e water of tamer • hii mette horn atte laste • 

pere hii smite an batayle • deoluol ynou • 

pat deol it was so muche vole • in ey}>er syde me slou • 

Vor ];er ne bileuede in no];er syde • non heymon \nnepe • 

4547. pere . . . i/no2i'] And her l>ei fou^t y nowe e. sorwe'] sorewe a. 

4548. Jlei/] fleu E ; fley him a ; fle him y8 ; he fled e. 

4549. gret} god Ba ; good 0e. et/r] hast ; haste 5 ; hert e. we] 
cm. 5. noj om. ayS. 

4550. I>e7-e Ae] & o/35e. him nijjce'] on nywe a ; a newe )8e ; newe 
his S. eche'] eche a y ; euery S. 

4551. wi]) . . . were] wi> hem l^at by fore left were e. ici\>] myd 
B ; mid a. bileuede] bilefde a. 

4552. al] & al o/35e, 

4553. cU-'yte] set e. sui)?e] ry^t ;6. 

4554. §•] He oySSe. ra]>er] om. a/SSe. i>a7i euere] cr he wolde a ; Or 
he wolde j3 ; or he 7 ; ere he wolde S ; or he schuld e. eft] efte 
o;85e. fe] to fle B. 

4555. King] Tho kyng e. angui»ous] wroj^e ynou^ )3. in] & (8 ; & al e. 

4556. adde] om. a)3 ; him had 5. ofscaped so] of scaped hym so B ; 
ascapede him so a ; ascaped him so )3t ; so ascapid hem 7. iuye] 
twy^e a ; tweye ;8. 

4557. sywede] sywed hym B ; sjwede after after a ; sewed aftyr ;35€. 

4558. tamer] camble BajSSe. hii mette Jiom] \>cy smytten 5; he mette 
hem e. 

4559. pere hii smite] As J^ey hem mette 5. pere] And })ere t. an] 
o 07 ; a 5e. deoluol] hit was dulfol a ; J)at was doleful ^ ; hit was 
delful 5 ; doole hit was e. 

45G0. deol] ru^^e 5; sorowe e. i?i] \>ev in e. me] men 7. 
45C1. 7ie bileuede] ne lefde o; ne leued )3 ; ne lefts 5; lyued nonne e. 
7io]i>er] neyhcr e. 71071] on aj85 ; one 7 ; any e. 

X 



322 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[223] 



dictum 
ar]>uri. 



Occisio 
Modred. 



King ne due ne o]>er • ]>at nas ybrott to de]7e • 
Ac modi'ed ]>e tray torn' adde • more fole of ynou • 
po ]7e king ar]?ur ysey • J?at me is folc so slou • 
& ]>e king of denemarch was aslawe • & ]>e king al so • 
Of norweye & of is o]>eY men • mony a ]?ousend J^er to • 
& he sey ]>at is fon • stode euere aten vaste • 
To ]>e Intel folc ];at he adde • he spac atte laste • 
Sulle we he sede vre lif«dere ar we be ded • 4569 
& ichoUe sulle min dere ynou • wanne j^er nis oj^er red • 
Habbe ich aslawe ]?e false suike • ]?e luj^er traytour • 
Hit wor]? me Jeanne vor to deye • gret ioye tfc honour • 
He drou calibourne is suerd • & in ey|?er side slou • 
& vorte he to ]>e traytour com • made him wey god 
ynou • 



4562. 7ie due ne o\>er] duke ne nonne oj^er e. \>ut nas] but he was e. 
1/broyt'] brouglit y. 

4563. Ac] And 5. folc of] of folk e. of] & y8 ; om. S. 

4564. po ]>e] & >o )>e o ; And i>e fi; po S ; And ^o 6. yscT/] ysawe y ; 
hit so e. me] men y. me . . . slou] his foon so fast his men e. 

4565. aslawe] slayne y ; \>tv yslejn e. ^ )>e king] om. aj3e. 

4566. Of norweye . . . men] & \>e king of Noreweije a ; And ]>e kynge of 
Norwey y3 ; And J>e kyng of Norjjwaye e. norweye] nor>wey B. 
Sfof... me7i] & his powers 5. 7nony a] mony B ; & manije o a ; 
and many a j8e. 

4567. Sf] & i>o aSe ; And whenne /8. sey i>at] sey a ; sawe /3 ; se e. 
fo)i] fon ek a ; fon eke B ; foon eke 5 ; foon also e. stode] stonde 

a/3e. ayen] aye a. 

4568. spac] spec B. 

4569. Sulle] Selle /3 ; SelleJ^ e. tve] om. B ; ye afiS ; ye 7 ; dere e. 
he sede vre lif] eur lif he seide a ; joure lyfes (lyues 7) he saide By ; 
^oure lyues he seyd 5 ; ^oiu-e lyffes he seid e. dere ar ice] dure ar 
^e o ; dere or ^e j85 ; or ^e e. 

4570. icholle] ychelle B ; ich wole a ; I wole B ; I wol 7 ; I wil 5 ; y wylle e. 
sidle] om. oi35e. dere] dure a. nis] ys 5. nis o];>er] is nonne oj^er e. 

4571. aslaive] slawe B ; slaj-n/S; slayne 7; sleyne e, false] luther i8. 
\)e] \>ai 5 ; J>is e. lu\>er] false j3. 

4572. iuor\> . . . to] schal be me )>z.\\ to /8 ; schal be to me houj y e. vor] 
om. aS. 

4573. He . . . suerd] Calebourne his swerd he drou o; Calliborne his 
sworde he drou^ fi ; Caleburne he drou) his good swerde 5 ; Calyborne 
his swerde he drowe e. slou] he slou a ; he slou^ 5 ; he slowe e ; 
him he slou) )3. 

4574. ^ vorte] & vort a ; Vn to 8 ; And for tyl e. inade] he made 
a)35e. (jod] gode B ; cm. ajSSe. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 323 

He hente vcrst of is helm • & su|?J)e raid wille god • 

Anne stroc lie ^ef him • mid wel stourdy mod • 

& j;oru hauberc & j^oru is coler • |>at nere noj'ing 

souple • 
He smot of is heued as li^tliche • as it were a scouple • 
pat was is laste chiualeiye • ];at vaire endedc ynou • 
Vor ]?at folc so pikke com • J>e wule he hor louerd 

slou . 4580 

Aboute him in eche half • |?at among so mony fon 
He aueng de]?es A^^ounde • & wonder nas it non • Alas. 

• Ar]>ur ' foi. 70 b. 

Ac ouercome nas he nott • ]>ei is wounden dedlich 

were • 
po he adde is laste chiualerye • ]?us nobliche ydo 

]7ere • 
He lef ];e croune of }ns lond • ]?e noble constantin • constan- ^ 
pe erl cadoures sone of cornwayle • ]?at was is cosin • rex^per 



Occisio 
arthnre. 



arthurum. 



4575. hente'] hitte liim ;8. verst of is] of vex'st ys B ; furst on \>e /3. 
s?<»5e mid wille god'] mid wille sejjbe god a ; with wille ry)t good /3 ; w' 
wylle seth good 5 ; w' good wjUe and bolde e. 

4576. A?me] Ane a; One y ; A 5e. ivel] ryjt /3. 

4577. Sf] That e, hauberc] haubryk /3 ; >e haubrec a ; the haubrik y; 
hawbrek e. i>oru is] ys B ; J^e a^ ; om. Se. i>at nere] J^at were /8 ; 
]5at was e. souple] so souple e. 

4578. He . . . li-ytUche] Lytliche smot of his heued a; Ly^tlyche smote 
of his heed /3e ; LyghtHch he smote of his hede 5. a scouple] o 
stouple o ; a stouple e ; a lute stouple B ; a lyte stouplc 5. 

4579. \>at vaire] t>a vayre B. endede] ended B. 

4580. Vor \>at] Vor J^e B ; Vn to J^at /3 ; Vnto the y. he hor louerd^ 
her lorde he e. 

4581. him] om. 5. in"] on S. eche] ech B. half] side /3. inony] 
mani^e a. 

4582. aueng] fenge a5; fouge /3 ; had €. nas] was )35e. 

4583. nas] yas B ; was )35e. \>ei] thof y ; Ijou) e, is wown^/c?/] }>e 
wondes a ; Jje wouudes )65 ; he wonded e. dedlich] dedliche aP ; 
deedly e. 

4584. adde] om. a/Se. Jji<s] \>js 5 ; so a/3€, 7jdo] hadde ido a ; hadde 
do /3 ; had ydo e. 

4585. Jpc no6/e] to J?e noble /Se ; to noble 5. 

4586. cadoures] codours a. 

X 2 



324 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[224] 

Obitus 
arthuri. 



Guerra. 



& he let him lede in to an yle • vor to hele is woimde • 
& deide as ]?e beste knitt • ];at me wnste euere yfoundc • 
& naj^eles \)e brutons • & |?e cornwalisse of is kunde • 
Wene]> he be aliue tut • & abbe]? him in munde • 4590 
pat he be to comene tut • to winne a^en ]?is lond • 
& na]7eles at glastinbuiy • his bones su]?]7e me fond • 
& ]7ere at uore J>e heye weued • amydde ]>e quer ywis • 
As is bones ligge]? • is toumbe wel vair is • 4594 

In ]?e vif hundred ter of grace • & voiu-ty & tuo • 
In ])is manere in cornwaile • to dej^e he was ydo • 
r^onstantin was ]fo king • after )je king ar]?ure • 

Ac ]>e saxons sette aten him • ]?e wule hii mitte 
dure • 
& modredes tueye sones • ]>e wule hii durste abide • 
Ac constantin hom to drof • ey];er in is syde • 4000 



4587. /it'] om. Bo/35e. ifito'jtoa^. a?i] on a. vor] om. 5. Ae/e] leche j8e. 

4588. deide'] deijede a. kiiiyt'] king a; kynge PS ; kyng e, me 
wuste euere] euere me ■wiste a ; euer men wist y3 ; euere wist men y ; 
men euer wist 5 ; euer men wyst e. yfounde'] in any londe e. 

4589. ^-] Ac Ba5 ; But j8e. ?/a>e/es] ne)>eles e. ^•)?e]&a. cornivalissc] 
Cornysche men 5 ; Cornewalsshe . of] ben of e. kuvde] kynde e. 

4590. Wene\>] Thei wene}? e. he] J?at he 5e. ahheh] habere 5 ; 
liaue}? e ; hauen y. him] hym ^ut B. munde] mynde Be. 

4591. pa<] And >at S. be to comene] B; be to comence A; to 
cominge be a ; to comj^nge be /3 ; be to come 5 ; be to comyng e. 
to ivinne ayen] a^eyn to wynne 5. ayen] a^e a. 

4592. na^peles] no^t vor J^an B ; nout for }>an o ; nou^t for t>an fi ; noght for 
^au S ; no^t e. glastinbury] glastingbury a ; Glastyugburye y ; Glasten- 
bury Jjat he is but e. his hones su\>)>e] Seth his bonys 5. fond] wond B. 

4593. i^- \>ere] ova. e. at uore] to uore B ; bifore « ; by fore /85 ; 
Afore e. weued] Auter ^ ; Autre y ; awter e. quer] queor a. 

4594. As] And e. ligge]> . . . is] buj> in tombe fair ynou hit is a ; 
ben in Tumbe faire yuou^ hit is /8 ; beth in tombe fayre ynow^ hit ys 7 ; 
bel> in tumbe feyre y nowe hit is e. 

4595. \>e] om. B. vourty] fifti ^er a; fyftye 5 ; fyfty ^eer /8e. 

4596. In] On a;8e. 

4597. be] om. S. 

4598. Ac] As B ; & o ; And /3 ; om. e. sette] setten fi. him] him 
J30 a5€ ; him J>an p. \>e wide] while 0. dure] endure S. 

4599. modredes] modred his /35 ; Mordred his y. tweyc] two P. 
durste] dorste Ba. 

4600. to dr(f] drof 5 ; drofe awey 6. in] on 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 325 

pen anne in to winchestrc • & J^ero wi|? sorwo ynoii • 
In chirche at uorc ]?e heye weued • constantin him 

slou • 
pe o}»er fley to londone • & ]:>oru constantin al so • 
pere biuorc ]fo heye weued • to dej'e he was ydo • 
Conan slou su]?J>e constantin • in J^e Jridde tere • 4G05 occisio 
At stonhenge he was ybured • as is elderne were • tin^^"" 
Seint dauid deyde ]>ev biuore • bissop of walis • [225] 

& |;ere he was vaire ybured • in is owe chirche ywis • sancti 
Constantines neueu • aurely was king ]70 • dauid. 

& leuede in is kinedom • tuo ler &5 nammo • firrex"'' 

Vortipor was ]>o king • vour ter vnne]?e • 
pe saxons he brotte al binej'e • & monyon to dej;e • 4610 
Malgo com ]>o after him • ]?at }>e vairost king was • Maigo rex 
pat me wuste eucre in ]?is lond • & al so ]>er nas • pwlcher & 

Strengorc man bi is daye • vor he wan ek to J>is 

londe • 
pe six yles J'at be]; aboute • & heoldis al an honde • 



4601. pen aime'] That one j3e ; That on 5. ivii> sorive'] mid sorewe a. 

4G02. Ill'] In I'e ;85e. at uore'] to vore B ; to fore aSe ; be fore y3 ; by 

fore y. lieye] om. a/35. weued'] wef ed a ; auter y3 ; awter e. 

4603. pe ojier] The to}>er e. fley] fleu B ; flowe 7. 

4604. biuore] to fore ae ; afore /3. tceued] wefed a ; Auter /3 ; awter e. 
he] om. y. 

4605. slo\i su\>]>e] \>o slou a ; })an slowe fi ; slowe )po e ; slou) 5 (in text) ; 
sethe slou J 5 (in catchword of previous page). \>riddc] J>yrdde B. 

4606. ybured] buryed /8. elderne] vderne a; eldres fi ; elders e. 
4606*. Seint] Seyn'B. dauid] dauit a. deyde] deyed ;8 ; dyed e. 
4606f. ybured] yburyd B ; yberied S ; yburyed e ; buryed /3. owe] owen j3. 

4607. aurely was] was aureli a^. 

4608. leuede] liuede a. in] on a. nammo] nanmo B ; no mo a/3. 

4609. Vortipor] Vortiger j3 ; Vortiper e, 

4610. pe] om. a;35e. al] om. 5. monyon] manion a, to] to )>c 5. 

4611. \>at] om. /35e. )>c] om. a. wazrosi] vayrostc B. luas] he 
was a/35 ; \>a,t euer was e. 

4612. me ivuste eucre] cuer men wyst e. J>/s] om. j8 ; any e. 

4613. Strcngore] Stronger j8. man] mon uon B; non a; none /3 ; 
man non 5 ; nonne e. daye] day B. ek] om. afi^e. 

4614. six] sixe a. \>at he\>] al a^e. heoldis al] heldys adde 
B; huld ham a; hclde hem /3e ; heldc it 5. an honde] on his 
honde a ; in his honde /35e. 



326 THE CHRONICLE OF 

As godlond • & orcaclas • & al so yrlonde • 
Nor]>weye & denemarch • & al so god yslonde • 

Carrik rex. /^arrik was king after him • ]>at stalwarde man was • 
Ac to prout lie was & to fals • }?at ssende }'is lond 
alas • 

fol. 71. Vor ];e saxons «& englissemen • were euere in ]7is londe • 
& adde at en ]>e brutons • euere worre an honde • 4620 
po liii seye ]?e falshede • of }>is king • karrik • 
Hii wende after godmound • j^at was king of affrik • 
To helpe horn winne ]?is lond • & bihete liom vaire ynou • 
pe king godmound mid is ost • hiderward sone drou • 
& mid an hondred ]70usend men • & sixti )?ousend jjer to • 
He com here mid ]?e saxons • ]?is worre vor to do • 
[226] pe saxons & )?at grete folc • ]?at com so of affrik • 

persecucio Asavlede vaste be brutons • & hor king carrik • 

super re- "^ ., , .. . , , , . 

gem car- Mony bataile hii smite • & .sywede vpe him vaste • 
"^" & fram toune to toune him driue • so ]?at atte laste • 

4615. godlond'] godlonde B. 

4616. Nor\>weye\ Norewey^e a. god] om. B ; J>e god a; )>q good/Se. 

4617. Carrik] Caryc B; Carik a^. 

4618. to fals] fals a)35 ; false e. \>at ssende] and shent7. lond] londe B. 

4619. §•] & H B. 

4620. tvorre] werre y. an honde] andonde a ; on honde /3 ; in honde e. 

4621. hii seye] hi isei^e a ; J^ei se e. falshede] Bay3 ; falseheed e; 
falshe A. )>is] \>e Ba;85e. karrik] carik a/3. 

4622. Hii wende] The Saxons sent e. godmound] gormond a ; gor- 
monde j8 ; Gurmunde S ; Gormounde e. 

4623. 4624. Omitted in 5. 

4623. winne] to -nynne /Se, lo7id] londe B. bihete] biheten a; bihi^t 
/3 ; byhette e. honi] hym B ; him a. 

4624. J?e king .... ost'] pat mid fair ost gormond a ; That with faire 
ost Gormonde /8 ; And wi}> a fayre ost Gormond e. is] vayr B. 

4625. ^] om. e. an] om. B ; on a. 

4626. He] Thei /3. here mid he] to J)is o ; to hise /Se ; to ]>& 5. \>is] 
Jjc B. wo7-re] werre 7. 

4627. pe] Thes 5. 8f >a<] and J^et B; and \>c 0(. so of] so fast 
fro S ; so out of e. 

4628. Asayledc] Asayled B. 

4629. Mony] Manie o o ; Many a S. hataile] batailes ayS ; bateilles e. 
smile] smeten S. vpe] op a ; vppon ;8e ; vpon 7. 

4630. fram] fro e. to toune] to o^cre a/3 ; to ^e toj^crc e. him] 
om. 5. driue] droue /3 ; dreuen S ; dryffe e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 327 

Hii driiie him to cirencestre • & biseged him l^er inne • fuga ciren- 

CGStrp 

pen toim hii barndo vpe him • ar hii him mi^te winne • 

pere hii smite an bataile • & snp]>e hii di'iue ywis • Bellum. 

Carrik in to seiierne • west in to walis • fuga ad 

Vor ]?e kunde men of })is lond • recetted were p'ere ♦ 

Enere wanne of straunge men • yworred hii were • 

pe ki]7er he]?ene vole • barnde bo so vaste • destmccio 

& destruede al ]?is lond • »fe ]?e tonnes adoiin caste • 

Wat mid fare wat mid suerd • hii destruede al ]?at hii 

founde • 
Hii ne sparede prest ne chirche • j^at hii ne brotte to 

grounde • 4640 

Hii ]?at mitte of scapie • vaste flowe J'ere ♦ 
To walis & to cornwaile • & hudde hom vor fere • 
pe erchebissop of londone • & of euerwik al so • fuga cum 

po hii seye |?at cristendom • to grounde was al ydo «> ^^^^"LUis. 
& pe chirchen yeast adoun • pe relikes hii nome ywis • 
pat hii adde of holy men • & flowe in to walis • 

4631. driue'] droue /3. to cirencestre'] in to Cyrcestre e. biseged'] 

bisegede a. 
4032. pe7i^ pe a^e. barnde] brent fie. vpe] vpen B ; vppou fie. 

ar] or ye, him iniytc] my^te hym B ; myte him a ; m3-jt hym fi ; 

myght hit S. See Appendix Note S. 

4633. ftmite] smote fi ; smytte e. an'] om. a. ^-j oni. B. hii 
driue] idriue a ; was dryue fi. 

4634. in to] ouer Baj3; ouere 5 ; on e. ivcst] al west fi. 

4635. loere] )>qi were e. 

4636. hii] hat hi a ; J>at J^ei fi^e ; wlienne they 7. 

4637. pe] Jret B ; pat afie • Tho 5. lu\>er] lu^ere o. vole] men 5. 
barnde] A'amde B ; brenned fi. \>o] om. 5. so] om. Bae. 

4638. destruede] desturde B ; destrude a ; distroyed fi ; to stered 5. 
al] om. afide. j^e] om. Baj3Se. 

4639. furc] fyre fi ; fyer e. wat mid] & mid a ; Si with fie. hii] 
& afi ; om. e. destruede] destrude a ; distroyed fi. al] om. afie. 

4640. Hii ne sparede] Thei spared nojt e. jircst] preost a. ]>at hii 
ne bro'^te] but brou^t al to e. 

4641. of scapie] ascapi^e a ; ascape /85e. 

4642. hudde] hidde 7. hom] hem here e. 

4645. he chirchen] chyrchen alle B; chirches al e; churches allc 7; 
chirchen a ; chirches fi ; churcheu 5. adoun'] ydoun B ; al adoun a ; 
alle adoun 5 ; alle doun fi. nome] toke fi. 

4646. holy] bolide a. 



328 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe relikes nolde hii no^t bileiie • ac berc wi]; horn vor 

fere • 
Vor rajjer hii wolde ymartred be • ]7an hii yperissed 
were • 
Destruccio & in to Jje lasse brutaine • men flowe so J^ikke • 
tatis. ' So ]?at here nas no^t bileued • bote he|>ene & wikke • 
[227] So ]7at fram nor)? in to ]7e sou]? • no cristendom nas '4651 
Ne fram seiierne in to ];e est se • ac pur he];enesse 

was • 
Alas J7e gode ar]?ure • to ver he was ]?o • 
His de]? bro^te to ]?is lond • moche sorwe »fc wo • 

Saxones plene Dominantes. 

fol. 71 b. Qaxons ]>e englisse • & hor compaynye • 4655 

Adde ])0 of ]?is lond • al clone ]?e maystrie • 
& made horn kinges of ]ns lond • as hii adde biuore • 
Ac j^e brutons nadde neuer er • so clene hor mitte vor 
lore • 

4647, 4648 transposed in a^e. 

4647. relikes .... fere'] relikes of i>e holi^e men here a; relikes of l>e 
holy men ]>ei here /8 ; relykes of holy men ];>e\ here e. 7tolde .... 
bileue] J>ey nolde byleue 5. 

4648. ra\>er hi wolde'] J?ei wold ra>er e. ymartred] matred 5 ; 
ymartyrd e. hii] ova. $. yperissed] yspersched o ; yperced S. 

4649. in to \>e] to a/3 ; to the 75e. so] al so Ba7e ; also ry^t ;8. ]?'ikkc] 
y; J?ycke Bct/Se; Jjyk S; J^ilke A. 

4650. So] om. a/Se. nas] was ySSe. noyt] none /8. hilcucd] 
bilefd a ; leued j8 ; y left e. lie]>ene'] hehene folc 13 ; hel^ene men a/35 ; 
he)>eu men e. 

4651. So] om. a^e. fram] fro e. nor]>] J>e nor)> a; )>e. northe /SSe, 
in to] to a/35. \>e] {>e J^c A. 7ias] }>er nas a^5e. 

4652. Nc] om. a;8e. fram] Fro e. in] om. Ba^S. es<] sou]) B. 
acpitr] ac pure B; but pur e ; but clene fi. he\>encsse] he}>enc afi ; 
hehen e. was] hit was ojSSe. 

4653. Alas] Alas alas BaySe ; Alias alias 5. (jodc] god B. to] al to /8. 

4655. Sfi-ro/js] The Saxons e. \>e] & >e B ; & ai3; and eke 5; aii e. 
&f hor] w' al her e. 

4656. of] of al e. Zowf/] londe a. 

4657. q/"] in e. /i/i adde] hit had be e. 

4658. .4c] om. ajSSe. nadde] hadde /8'; had f. we»rr rr so c/ene] 
so clene er neuere B. so clene .... I'o;- /ort] here my jt so clene 
lore /3 ; her my^t so eleen y lore e. mi-yte] peer B. ?;or lore] 
uerlore B ; ilore a ; ylore 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 329 

pe saxons & ]7C englisse • in pes hiiklc ];o • 

Ech king is kinedom • |?at hii dude cr in wo • 4GG0 

Six kinges ]7er were in some time • as of kent & of "^J- regcs. 

estsex • 
Of estangle • of nor]^liiimber • of ye march of west sex • 
In ]?e biginning of }>is boc • me may rede & nozt 

lye. 
Hon moche lond ech of horn ' adde to is partye • 
pe verste king j^at of saxons was • ];at was king of 

kent • 4665 

Hengist ];oru wan ]?is lond • verst was yssent • 
Hit was eitte & viffcy ler • after hengistes kinedom • quando 
Ar eny king of saxons • In westsex com • westscx*^ 

Vor hengist was king • vourty ter • & in J^e eittej'e 

^ere • ^ 

After is dep at ^arnemouj'e • ariiied f'er were • 4670 
Vif ssipuol of saxons • yarmed wel ynou • 
Certik het hor cheuentein • f>at to )?is lond hom drou • 



4659. ^' Jjc] & af- «" /^es] to geder iu pees e. huldc'] his loudc 
helde y8 ; helde e. 

4660. itat .... wo'] as J>ei dude afore or \>ei were iu wo e. /««] om. 0. 
dude er in wo] ded muche wo 5. 

4661. \>er'] hii B ; her a; here /Se. in] om. Ba/35e. Sj-] ora. B. 
estsex] westsex B. 

4662. Of] And of 7 ; Of }>e 5. of nor]>kiimber] aud Northumbre 7. 
of west sex] of estsex B7 ; & of westsex a/3e. 

4663. i>e biginning] ]>& biginnig A ; bygynnynge B ; J>e furst ende a/3 ; 
i>e first ende Se. lye] Uye a. 

4664. lond] om. a0e. partye] partite a. 

4665. \>at] om. e. of saxons] saxon aj85. )>a< luas] was verst B; 
he was o^SS ; \>e e. 

4666. wan] wha a; whom e ; whome )3. verst was] furst him was a ; 
furst hit was $ ; was first e. ysse7it] yscheud a ; schent ;3. 

4667. Hit] pat a ; That /3 ; This e. 

4668. Ar eny] Ba ; Oor any /3 ; Or eny y5 ; Or any e ; Areyn A. In] 
in to a^e ; into the 7 ; to 5. 

4669. yer] er a. in] om. S. eiyte\>e] oyyte B ; eitetejje a ; eyghtc7 ; 
eijt e. 

4670. yarncmou]ye] ^crnemou^e B ; ^armou^c 13. ariucd] aryucde a/3. 
4672. Certik] Cortyk e. cheuentein} cheueteyne 7. 



330 THE CHRONICLE OF 

port & ^^rQl c-e^ie ter j^er after . a due Vat was wide coul^ • 

uocacio / ^ . . ' ' 

portes- Ycliiped port mid is ost • atte hauene of portesmou]? • 
™7^^281 ^ after port J?at was is name • \q hauene me clupede 
so • 467o 

So ]:'at hor poer euere wax • |?e brutons ssame to do • 
& moni a bataile hii smite • so ]?at atten ende • 
pe saxons wonne al j^e lond • as al ];e sou]? ende • 
Certik fit Euere bi souj^e tamese • fram est in to \q west • 
^^^' Certik hii made ]?ere king • vor he was ]?er to best • 

Westsex hii clupede is kinedom • as te abbe]? yhurd 
ylome • 4681 

pis was a lute biuore • ar pe king arthure come • 
primus rex pe verste kinsj of norljhumber • in l?e ler of gfrace 

iiorJ>hum- -^ , . '^ ^ i 7 ^ 

ber. Digan . 

Vif hundred & seuene & fourty • as me telle can • 

After king ar]?ure it was • & ]?o was kinrik • 

Noble kina: of westsex • after is fader certik • 



4673. Wei sexie] Aboute seuene B ; Wei ny^e seuene e. \)er after'] 
after ]>zX e. o] o 07 ; a gret e. was wide'] wyde was BaiSe ; was wel 5. 

4674. Ychiped] Y cleped a ; Callid 7. atte hauene of] com vp at a ; 
come vp at )356, 

467.5. haueiie] hafne a. me clupede so] me clupeh" so B ; icleped is 

so a ; callid so is y8 j so callid is 7 ; cleped ys so S ; is cleped so e. 

4676. wax] wexe 7; wyxe e. ssame to do] to do schame I wis /3. 
to do] for to do e. 

4677. moni a bataile] mani^e batailes a ; many Batailes ^ ; many batelles 
6. hii smite] \>e\ smote )3. atten] at J^an a ; at }>e ySe. 

4678. wonne] wonnen S. al \>e] of >is BaflSe. as] om. Boj35e. 

4679. tamese] temese Ba. fram] fro e. est] \>e est ajSe ; Jjc este 5. 
\)e] om. B. 

4680. Certik] Cercik a ; Cortyk e. 

4681. clupede] clepede a ; callid 7. ahbe\>] baue7; ha}> e, yhurd] 
hurd a ; harde 7 ; herde e. ylome] lome 7. 

4682. lute] litel 7. or] er a ; or /8e. Jjc] om. Ba/35e, 

4683. Z/ji^rrt?/.] he byganne e. 

4684. tV scKcne Sf fourty] & fourti & seuene a ; & fourty and seuen /3 ; 
& fourtie and seuene 5 ; & fourty & seuene e. as me] ich a ; I 
50W 13 ; as I 5 ; I €. 

4685. ^ \)o] hat J'O aSe ; J>at han /3. AinriA] kenryk C ; heuryk e 
(kyuryk ?'?» marcjin'). 

4686. cer<iA] Cortyk e. • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 331 

Vor ];o ]>e cnglissemcn • in ]n.s lond addo poor • 

Hii worrede nor]?ward • & wonnc vcr & ner • 

So ]7at hii wonne humberlond • &i an bacheler • 

pat het ydc hii made king • ]?cr nas nour ]?o is per • Yde pri- 

He com of woden ]?e olde louerd • as in ]>e te])e □o"thum- 

kne . "4691 bcr. 

pat J^e saracens wene]? • j^at he an hey god be • 
Vor ]7iilke woden J^e grete louerd • soncs adde ]?re • fol. 72. 
Wekleg • & wittleg • & bekleg • }>at was so fre • 
Of wekleg com ];e king of • kent • & ]:'c king of march 

of ]>e oJ?er • 4695 

pe king of westsex & of humber • of ]?e Jn-idde ]7at was 

hor broj^er • 
pnlke woden adde a wif • ]?at ychiped was dame 

frye • 
A latin dame veniis • as ich abbe ysed noii tuye • 



4687. m i>is lond adde'] adde in I'ys loude B ; hadde iu J^is lond C ; hadde 
al Jjis aj3 ; hadde al his y ; hadde )>y?. 5 ; had \>o al his e. 

4688. worredel worred C. wonne'] wouueu /8 ; wynnen e. ner] ho> 
ferr e. 

4689. So] om. a/3. hii wonne] J>ei wonnen /3 ; hei wynnen e. 1mm- 
herlond] NorJ'hiimberlonde e. an'] a noble B5 ; an noble C ; o noble 
a/8. 

4690. het^ hyte e. made] made hare a ; made here ^ ; made hor S ; 
made him her e. 7ias] was jSSe. nour \>o] naur \>o B ; uawhar C ; 
nowar a ; no whare /3 ; nowhere Se. 

4691. He com] Become 7. of] to S. louerd] lord C (& passim). 
J?e] om. BC. tc\>e hie] tuj>e kueo a ; ti^e kne fi ; token e (tuj^e kne 
in mary.^. 

4692. saracens] sarasins a; Sarasonnes e. an hey god] agrct godBC ; 
gret louerd a ; gret lorde /3 ; a gret lorde S ; gret lord e. 

4694. wi^tleg] lightleg 7 ; lijtleg e. Jre] hende & frco a; hende & 
fre /3€. 

4695. Sj-] om. a^e. march'] ]>& march Ba ; J^e Marche /SSe. \>e o\)er] 
J? at cjjer e. 

4696. of)>e. . . hro\>cr] come of he hridde brohcr a ; come of ^e Jn'idde 
brobere j85 ; come of j^e J^irdde broj^er e. 

4697. \>ulke] Thilke e. a] a7. i/clnped] iclcpcd a ; ycleped e ; 
callld 7. f''yc] fry)e a. 

4698. A] & a C ; On 13. dame] as dame 7. ich ahbe ysed] I haue 
seyde 7; I haue seid e, nou] nouj^e C. tuyc] tueye B; twi^e o. 



332 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[229] periiore ]>e englisse clupede • after woden wodenesday • 
curii & ^ ' Pa-t is a day in l^e wouke • & after frye fryday • 4700 
veneris. Yor |?e he]?ene englissemen • }>at misbileued were ]>o • 
Bileuede ]?at in heuene • godes hii were bo • 
& J^at to tueye sterren • ]?at me sucj? ylome • 
Venus & Mercurius • hii wene]? )>at hii bicome • 
pe saxons & ]>e englisse • come in to })is londe • 4705 
As wo sei]? at o tyme • as ich vnder stonde • 
particio Hor londes s\\\>]>e as hii mitte • hii delde as hii cou]?e • 
terre inter pg englisse in ];e nor];half • J^e saxons bi souj^e • 
angios. ^s estsex & middelsex • & soii]?ward al souJ»hsex • 
(MS. an- ^ gQ al west bi soul?e temese • al clene westsex • 4710 

**"llOS.') 

° ' pe englisse nor]?folc • & souj^folc • adde al in hor honde • 

& al west binorj^e temese • & al nor|?humberlonde • 
Ac J^e kinges of westsex • lengost gonne dure • 
& alle ]>e oj^ere wonne to horn • as te ssolle her after 
yhure • 

4699. \>e eiiglisse'] in englyseh S. clupede] clepede a; cluped C; 
clepecl e ; callicl y ; me clepet>e S. ivodenesday'] Wedonesday 7. 

4700. a] o ay; om. B. wo^ike'] wike a/3 ; weke 7; wyke e. 

4701. he);>ene'\ ejjene a. misbileued ivere'] mysbyleuede were C; mis 
bileuede were a ; were mysbylyued 5 ; in mysbileue Avere y8 ; in mysbyleue 
were €. 

4702. Mi'] >at J^ey 5. ho] \>o)>e two j8 ; boJ> e. 

4703. to tueye] )>e two ojSSe. sterren] sterres /3e. me] men ^e. 
SMc}>] seyj* C ; seetb 5 ; sie> e ; seen /3 ; sene 7. 

4704. bicome] come /8. 

4706. wo] we B ; who so a^e. o] one Caye ; on S. ich] y e. 

4707. as] \>o BC /«'«' mi'^yte] they couthe 7. delde] deled C. as 
Ai'z] so hi a. 

4708. Hi] om. BCajSSe. \>e saxons] & j^e saxons a/3e. 6« so«)>e] the 
."^outhe 7. 

4709. ^s] & ajSSe. sof^Jj^sea:] Sou})esex e. 

4710. so] om. B. a/] om. ay85e. ij sojtj^e] by nor^e B ; bisought 7. 

4711. pe englisse . . . honde] Al norjpfolc & souKolc i>e englischc hadde 
an honde a ; al Northfolk & southefolk Jjc Euglische hadde on honde $ ; 
Alle northfolk & southfolk J>e englysche had an honde 5 ; Al Norh- 
folk and Souj^efolk ^e englysshe had in honde e. 

4713. Ac] And B. hinges] king a ; kynge j8S ; kyng e. lengost] 
lengest aj35. gonne] gan aiSSe ; can 7. dure] endure 5. 

4714. alle] al a. ^e o]>erc~] \>at oj^er e. wonne to horn'] wan to him 
oj3 ; to him wanne 7 ; wanne to him e. ssolle] schulle C/8 ; schul e. 
her] om. Co/SSe. yhure] hure iSe. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 338 

pe brutons as ich abbe vtold • in west walls were • bmtoncs 
& worred euere as hli dorste • fram ^cre to ^ere • 
Vor bl ]>Q. klnges daye chenllng • ]?at was kenrlkes 

sone • 
Hli dude horn vorj^ere In |?ls lond • }>an hli were in 

wone • 
& wonne \q middel of JjIs lond • to bedeford anon • 
& streng];ede castles • & astorede monyon • 4720 ^^^o'] 

So ]?at at bedeford • come J^e saxons • Beiium ad 

& smite an batayle • &; to driue j^e brutons • 
& nome );re of hor castles • j^at stronge were al so • capcio de 
Eynesham & bunsintone • & axlesbury J?er to • & aiiorum. 

So J'at cristendom was • al clene vor lore • 4725 

& he)?enesse in to al j^is lond • as ich sede biuore • 
& ylaste aboute an fourti ^er • vor te seint austin 

com • 
& )7oru sein gregory ]?e pope • brotte cristendom • 

4715. ytoW] tolde ye. 

4716. worred'] worrede Ba. euere] om. a;88e. dorste'] durste C. 
fram] euere fro S ; fro e. yerc to jere] ^er to jere C. 

4717. kenrihes] kenricus a; henricus fi; henrykes e. 

4718. dude] ^eede e. vor\)ere] verrore B ; norj^er C; forj^ere a; 
far)jer e. in \)is] in J>e C. lond] londe B. ]>an] J)at B. 
]pan . . . wone] \>an er was here (her e) wone afie. 

4719. wonne] wanne y. bedeford] betford C. 

4720. monyon] mani^e on a. 

4721. come] come for}? a ; come forj^e ^SSe. 

4722. smite] smete C; smite l^er a; smote J^er fi; smote J^ere S; l^er K'i 
smytte e. an] o a ; a /35e. to driue] to droue /8 ; to drofe S ; 
dryfe a wey e. 

4723. nome] toke ;85. \>re of hor] of hem i>re e. hor] her gode B; 
\)e o5 ; hore goude C. 

4724. bunsintone] Bmisiton7; Enyssham e. axlesbury] aylesbur B ; 
Aylesburi a ; Aylesburye iS ; Aylisburye 5 ; Aylesbury e. 

4725. was] was i>Q aSe ; was \>au j8. c/ewe] clanUche a ; clenliche /8 ; 
clanlyche e. 

4726. in to al] was in ufiSe. biuore] er bifore o)8 ; ere by fore S ; er by 
fore e. 

4727. ylaste] yt laste B; laste a; last 7; dured 6, aboute] om. e. 
an] om. oj35e. vorte] vort C ; fort a ; for to e ; vn to ^. 

4728. sein] seynt C ; seint a. broyte] he broujt e. 



334 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Sanctus 
Aiigiis- 
tinus 
veniens. 
fol. 12 b. 



Numerus 
regum. 



Numerus 
sociorum 
Auffustini. 



Ceint austin mid is felawes • to engeloncle com • 

poru }»e pope seint gregori • to prechi cristendom • 
Maurice was \o emperour • & J^er adde ybe biuore • 
Vifty emperours at rome • su]?j7e god was ybore • 
In ]?e vif hundred ier of grace • seint austin hider com • 
& four score ^er &; tuo • to prechi cristendom • 4734 
& aboute an hondred ^er it was • & fyfty al so • 
After J^at saxons & englisse • verst come J'is lond to • 
«& after king ar]?ures de|?e • aboute an fourty ler • 
pat so noble king was of )?is lond • as we abbe]? ytold er • 
po seint austin &; is felawes • ]?us come to ]?is lond • 
Wippe was king of ]?e march • «fe adelfred of humber- 

lond . 4740 

Coh-ik was king of westsex • & of kent king ayl- 

bri^t • 
Of estsex is sostersone • ]?at me clupede king selbritt • 
Wei an fourti holy men • & monekes echone • 
Seint austin adde wi}? him • & \o nas he nott alone • 



4729. mid'] 8i S. to] into S. engelo7ide] engelond BCa. 

4730. sei7it'] seyn B ; om. afiSe. prechi] preche C;3e. 

4731. was] om. 5. \>er] J?ere C; om. 5. biuOre] Jser byfore 3. 

4733. vif] vifte a ; fyfte fie ; fyue^e 5. hider] huder C. 

4734. Sj- tuo] & to, C. prechi] preche C0e. 

4735. a7i] on ajS ; one y. it was] om. C. 

4736. After i>at] hit was after Jje C. saxoiis] >e Saxons ye. Sj-] & 
\>e 5. come] com Ca. 

4737. ar];>ures] artures B. de\>e] deh Ca. a;t] a Ce; om. a;85. 

4738. pat so] pat afie ; This 5. (f] in S. abbe)> ytold] tolde eu a ; 
tolde yovf /3 ; tolde ^ou e. 

4739. ])us] om. 5. to] in to C. /o7id] londe a. 

4740. Wippe] Wyppa 5 ; Phylp C. 77iarch] marche a. huviher- 
lo7id] humberlonde o. 

4741. Colrih] Celryc B. of he7it M7ig] kyng of kent e; of kent a;85. 

4742. Of] & of BCa^SS. estsex] Westsex 5. sosterso7ie] susters 
Sonne e. ?«e clupede] me chiped C ; was icleped a • was callid /8 ; 
clepud was S; was cleped e. ki7ig] om. aySe. selbriyt] sebryjt 
BG ; Sebryght S ; segbri^t a ; Segbry^t /3e. 

4743. Wei a7i fourti] Aboute fourty P ; And wel ny^e a fourty e. Ao/y] 
holi^e a. Sf mo7iekes] j^at were Monkes P. ccho7ic] enerychone S. 

4744. §■] om. C. nas] was j8e. 7w^t] not C. alo7ic] oueBCa;85; 
by him self one e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 835 

po hii come in to ]ns loncl • to king aylbritt of kcnt • [23i] 
In was lond hii ariuecle • hii sende hor maundement • lJ^^'<r■ '^^^° 
pat hii were fram rome ycome • In hey messages 

ywis • 
pat to gret ioye ssolde turne • to him & to alle his • 
& to ioye wiJ>outen ende • tif he him vnder stode • 
Suehe hi hestes quap> ]>e king • me J'enches hep 

gode • 4750 

Lete]? hom vinde mete ynou • & p'at hii abbe]; nede 

to . 
Yor te ich abbe wip hom yspeke • «fc wite wat hii 

woUe]? do • 
Vor J>e king wel vnderstod • of j^e cristendom • 
pat biuore hom was in )^is lond • & |;orii hom to 

grounde com • 
So J'at atte laste • wat halt to telle longe • 4755 

pe king bigan & is vole • cristendom auonge • Baptizacio. 



4745. i7i to'] vnto 5. loiidl londe C. /drig'} om. /8e. 

4746. /?t ivas] In whas C; On -wbas a; On wlios /8e ; In -whos 7. 
ariuecle] aryued C. sende] sent e. maimdement] comaunde- 
meut /3. 

4747. y)a?«] fro e. ycome] come 7. hey] heijc a; an heyj S. 
messages] message BCa/35e. 

4748. to] so B. to ... . ssolde] scholde to ioijea; schuldc to ioj-e 
jSe ; scholde in to Ioye 5. to] om. afie. ^ to] and Ba/8e. 

4749. §■] om. aySoe. he] ^e a; ))eye 5. him] hem B5 ; hom C. 
vnder stode] vnderstod C. 

4750. Suclte] Swiche C. qua]>] quod e. \>enches] J>enche)> B ; 
t)enkej' Cy8 ; )?inche> a ; >inkej> e ; thynkej^e 5. be)>] ]>aX bu> a ; )>ei 
bejj e ; Jiei ben y3 ; bethe ryght 5. 

4751. Lete)>] Late]> BCa ; Lette e. hom vinde] hamfiude a ; hem haue 5 ; 
fynde hem e. \>at] alle j^at 5. abheY] habbe a; haue 7 ; hauej) e. 

4752. Vor te] Vort Ca ; Vn to y8 ; For to €. ich] {<" C. ici\>] 
mid o. yspeke] yspoke Be ; speke 7. ivite] ywite a ; y wyte e ; 
■wytte 7. wolle\>] wolde C7 ; wolle e. 

4753. vnderstod] vnderstood him e. of >e] of >>ulke a ; of >!lke /3e ; 
of S. 

4754. hom] him )3 ; om. 5. hom] him 7. See Appendix, Note T. 

4755. %uat halt] wat halt yt B ; what were hit /8 ; what profyte hit e. 
longe] to longe 7. 

4756. auonge] to vonge C ; to fonge ayS ; for to fonge e. 



336 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& of Seint peter & seint pol • an chirclie he let 

rere • 
At ]>e est ende of kaunturbuiy • j^at J^e chef chirclie 
were • 
tinus ' Erchebissop of kaunterbuiy • seint austin was jjer • 
archiepi- pe verste l^at euere was • vor at londone \>e se was 

sconus. ^w^^ 

er . 4760 

po com merlynes word • to soj'e atte nende • 
pat ]>e dingne sege to canterbury • of londone ssolde 

wende • 
At roucestre j?at is a toun • In kent of gret fame • 
Justus epi- geint austin made a bissop • sein luste was is name • 

Scopus , ^ 

Roucestre. pat was a monk is felawe • so )?at atte fin • 

Seint luste was J^e verste bissop • after seint austin • 
[232] Ceint Mellit ]>e holymon • In to est sex wende • 

To prechi j^ere cristendom • as seint austin him 
sende • 
Nou departe]; euere temese • est sex fram kent • 4769 



fol. 73. 
conuersio 



sebrijti. Sebritt he vond j^ere king • ]>o he was J>uder ywent 



4757. §•] cm. e, seint pol^ seyn poul B ; poula; Poule /8e. an^ 
BC ; o aj3 ; a 8e ; & A. /je] cm. 7. lef] lete Bj8. rcre'] 
arere 75e. 

4758. At \>e] In B ; In \>e afiSe. J^e] cm. S ; hit J^e e. were} hit 
were S. 

4760. verste} verst C. loiidone} londe C. 

4761. so)>e} sone o ; soone iS. atte nende} atte ende B ; atten ende C ; 
at Jjan ende a ; at )>e ende /3 ; at a ende e. 

4762. dinyne} dygne B; digne Ca^e. sege} se BCa ; see 7; Cee 5e. 
to ... . londone} of london to Canturbury e. of} fro 5. londone} 
london BC ; londe a. 

4763. a toun} toune B. 

4764. a] an C ; o a ; om. 7. bissop} bysshoppe here €. sein} 
seynt C. 

4765. monk} monek BCa. is felawe} one of his felawes e. 

4766. Seint} Syn B. Jjc fcrsie iwsop] bisschop furst a ; Bischopfurst )8 ; 
bysshoppe fii'st e. verste} vorste B ; verst C. 

4767. Seint:} Seyn B. In to} in fi. 

4768. prechi} preche j8e. )>ere} J>ar a. 

4770. Sebri-yt} Segbrijt a ; Segbry^t e ; Segbright 7. yo7K/] foude C- 

>o he ivas} \>Q was o. ywent} ywend C ; went 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



887 



He turnde him to cristcndom • k, ).'c confcrcye al so • 

Scbri^t & ]'e king of kent • ]>o al |ns was ydo • 

At londone of seint poul • an heued chirchc gonnc 

arere • 
pat ^iit is & seint Mellit • bissop made j^ere • 
pus com lo cristendom • a^en in to J^is londe • 4775 
Among ])e hej^ene saxons • as ich vnder stonde • 
Ac among ]>e briitons in walis • was euerc cristendom • 
Su]')jc it verst )joi'u pc king • liicye hider com • 
& J'at was biiiore }>is tyme • vour hundred ^er • 
& aboute & fourc & tuenti • as we abbe]? y write er • 
pe pope eleuthery |>at sonde • verst hider cristin- 

dom . 4781 

Was ]>e ])Yette]>e pope j^at after • seinte peter com • 
pe deciples p»at he hider sende • cristendom to bringe ♦ 
Bileuede in an wiklernesse • after hor prechinge • 
pat me clupe]? nou glastingbury • |?at desert was ])o • 
& jjere hii bigonne monekes • & nome to hom mo • 



lenacio 
ccck'sic 
Sancti 
pauli. 

Mellit cpi- 
scopus. 



prima 
christiani- 
tas lucyo. 



GlaBting- 
buiy. 



leuacio 
prime ec- 
clesie. 



4771. {f\>e] & a. 

4772. Sehriyt'\ Segbrijta; Scgbry^t e ; Segbright 7. 

4773. loiidone'] london C. ««] om. o ; J^e /3. Iieucd'] heed /3e. 
yoiine'] gan ^ ; \>e\ ganne e. arere'] AC7e ; rere Ba/8. 

4774. !s] f>er ys 5. iV] & of)3. made'] })ci made . 

4775. lo] \>e. 0; om. €. ayc7>] furst a/3; first e. hi tu] vnto 5. 
londe] lond C. 

4779. hiuore] a fore e. \>is] Jjulke B. 

4780. §• aboute .... tuenti] & tweuti jer & foiire a ; And twenty %cer 
& foure /3e; And twenti 3,cre & foure 5. c^] An B. &; fvnrc §•] 
an four & B ; an fourc an C. abbe\^] haue e. ywrite] ywriten a0 ; 
■wreten 5 ; y wrytten e. er] here ^Se. 

4781. pe] pat J?e ajSSe. eleuthery] culeuthery C; eleutheri^c a ; 
Eleutherie 5. \>at . . . . hider] hider sende a; hider sent /3c ; 
first sent 5. 

4782. Was] He was a)35e. \>rctteVc] )>ryttehe C ; ]>ritteneh ;8. seinte] 
om. aiSSe. 

4783. deciples] desciples a; discipules 7. sende] sent e. 

4784. Bileuede] Bilefde a ; Dwelled e. an] a BCe ; one a0: on 5. 

4785. vie clupe\)] men callel' fi; men callen 7. ylastiiu/buri/] glastyn- 
bury B. 

478G. \>erc hii biyonnc] })ey bycome ^ere 5. hii] om. a/3e. bitjonnc] 

bycome B/86 ; bi come Co. nome] toke /35e. 



338 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& J^ere mid hor owe honde • hii rerede verst an chirchc • 
Of herdles & of terden • as hii couj^e wurclie • 
[23.3] & i^at was l^e verste chirche • ]^at in engelond com • 
& ]}e eldost hous al so • as in lawe of cristendom • 
peruore me it a]? euere ycluped • ]>e olde cliirche ywis • 
Moni is ];e holi halwe • |?at j^ere ybnred j'-s • 4792 

Nour so moni in engelond • to so)?e y segge )?is • 
& as me ap wule ysed • grettere o]> non nis • 
pan bi j^e holde chirche of glastingbury • wo so dep 

o]? nome • 
Yor ]?er was chirche four hondred ter • ar seint austin 

hider come • 
patricius. &; seint patric was )?ere monek • & suj^j^e abbot ]7er • 
2e ar seint austin come • mo ]>en an huncb-ed ^er • 
& in ]?e vizi alf of j^e weued • ybured was j^er al so • 
Six score ^er & on he was old • ar de]> him come to • 

4787. owe] om. a^Se. honde'] hondes ye. rerede"] arerud 5 ; rerde 
hem B ; rered horn C. an] o a; a e. 

4788. ^erdeu] ^erdes /3e ; jerdys S. coui>e] cou>e Jjo 5. 

4789. Sf] om. o;8e. verste] verst C com] was bygonne e. 

4790. eldost] aldest B ; vldest a, hous] om. a;35e. 

4791. peruore] Aud J'Crfore 5. inc it ... . ycluped] men ha)j euer 
y cleped hit e. it] om. a)35, ycluped] caUid y. }pc] hit I'e 5. 

4792. hahve] BC ; halewe a ; halowe j85e ; halwen A. l>ere] her B ; 
}>erimie a^ ; her yune 5 ; J>erin e. ybured] buryed yS ; beried 5. 

4793. Nour] Nowhar C ; Nowar a ; Nowhare ; No where e. to soi>e] 
for sobe ;8e. y segge] ych segge B ; ich segge a ; i'' segge C ; y 
sey e. 

4794. as] so 5. loule] while Ca ; somme tyme /3 ; smii tyme y ; som 
tyme e ; euere 5. ysed] seide /8. grettere] grettor C ; grettore B. 
nis] is i3e ; ys S. 

4795. holde] olde BC«j3e. glastingbury] glastynbury BC wo so] 
B ; who so Ca)356 ; wose o A. dep o)>] duh \io\> a ; doJ> o)> jS ; any 
oojje do e. 7iome] njnne e. 

4796. chirche] a ehurche C ; a chirche 5. ar] or ^e. 

4797. monek] a monk 5. s?<}>J>c abbot] abbe}) suhj>e B ; abbot SUFI'S C ; 
abbot seJ'J'e a ; Abbot sithe /3 ; abbot seth 5 ; abbotte sij? e. 

4798. ye] om. a^S. "^e ar] Or )>at e. come] hyder come f. 7no 
t>«i] more l^an a)35e. an] on a. 

4799. weued] weuede C ; Auter ; hi^e awter e. ybured . . . . al so] 
also )jer I beryed he was bo «. ybured] buryed P. was] he was BCa;35. 

4800. Sf on . . . old] he was olde & one 0. ar] or e. him c«me] 
him com a ; come him 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 339 

pus was at glastinbuiy • verst yholde vp cristendom • 

& sii]^|;c |?cr after |;at );ct folc • of englich hidcr com • 

& ])o brutons were ydriue • al in to west walls • 

Hil hulde uorj? cristendom • & bissopes ywis • 

So l^at scint austin com • among hom he vond • 4805 Religiosi 

Bissopes & monekes • manyon in ];e lond • '^"^ banf^'or. 

In ]7e cite of bangor • a gret hous ]?er was • fol. 73 b. 

pat were vnder seuc cellen • & ]?cr of non nas • 

pat ]>re hondred monekes • nere Inne oj^er mo • [234] 

& alle leuede bi hor suench • loke ^If hom nas wo • 4810 

Dlnoc het hor abbot • J^at gret clerc was & god • 

Seint austin was wel yiDayd • bat hor bileue was so ffod • concilium 

Ptincu 

& na]?eles he hom enioynede • bocsomnesse do • augustini. 

To J^e ercheblssop of kaunterbury • & to engiisse men al so • 
& among englissemen vorjj mid him • cristendom to 
amende • 4815 

Wende aboute & prechi ■ as ]>e pope hom sende • 

4801. at glasthiburi/ verst'] first at Glastjmgbury e. glastinhuri/'] glas- 
tyngbury C ; glastingburi a. yholde] hokle y. 

4802. su\>\>e] om. a)35e. \>er] nou BCa ; now 5; nowe /Se. \>et] 
om. a/35f. of englicli] of englyss B ; of engliche C ; of cngelond a ; 
of Englonde j8 ; of Englond 5 ; to yngloud e. 

4803. §•] That e. ydriue] ydrife e ; drive y. al] om. /SSe ; alle a. 
in to] vnto 5, 

4804. cristendom] \>qv cristendom B ; here cristendom C ; her cristendom 
o ; here crystendom j8 ; her crystendomc e. cy] and \>e e. 

4805. ha/.] hat ho Ba ; ho 5. austin] luste j8. among] 8c among fi. 

4806. manyon] mauye 5. 

4807. «] o a. 

4808. ]pat .... cellen'] That was heed house of seuene selles e. 

4809. iiere] were Be. Inne] her in e. 

4810. alle] om. 5. leuede] lyuede C; liueden a; lyueden ye. suench] 
suenche B ; swenche C ; «winch a ; swikc j8 ; swynke y ; labourc e. 
yif] I'^t ^- '''^^j ■'^^s noU e. 

4811. het] hyte e. abbot] abbod B. god] goude C. 

4812. ypayd] apaid C ; payd /8. so] om. afie. god] goude C. 

4813. t*f] Ac a ; But /3e ; om. 5. bocsomnesse] bocsumpnessc a. do] 
to do a)3S ; for to do e. 

4814. he] om. C. 

4815. among aiglissemen] among englisch C ; to englischc a ; to Englonde 
; to englysshe e. vor\>] om. a)35f. mid him] mid hom C ; w' hem e. 

4816. We7ide] And wende B ; And go a boute f. prechi] preche ye ; 
prechid S. pope] pote a. liom] him a8e. 

Y 2 



840 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



dictum 
augustini 



Respousio po bissopes him ansuerede • & j^e abbot dinoc • 
runi!^'^ ° -^1 '^^^1^ grete reysons • & wit of hor boc • 

pat wanne hii adde horn sulue • erchebissop & king • 
Hii ne ssolde to englissemen • abuye ritt no )?ing • 4820 
Vor ])Q folc of englisse & saxons • hor lond horn bi 

nome • 
& hor kunde eritage • mid trayson & suikedome • 
Ware uore hii nolde nor no mon • nammorc to horn 

wende • 
pan to so moni houndcs • bote hit were horn to 

ssende • 
^if ^c nolle}* qua}> seint austin • mid toure bre]?eren 

in pcys be • 4825 

pat be]? as ?e wite}> wel • cristine as wel as le • 
& ^if te nolle englissemen • godes lawes teche • 
& vorJ> mid me among horn • cristendom preche • 
^oure fon ssolle hor poer • among ow wide reche • 
& bringe tou to de|je monion • & ]?at ssal be lourc 

wreche • 4830 



a7isuerede'\ answered C. abbot'] abbod J5. 
rei/sons'] reson aSe ; resoun &. wit'] wijt o. 



enylisscmen'] englische folc a; 
abuye] abue BC ; abowe afii. 



4817. bissopes] hyssop B. 

4818. «;;>] myd BC ; mid a 

4819. wa7mc] sij-he e. 

4820. 7IC ssolde] wolde no)t «. 
Englysche /8 ; englysshe folke 
riyt] om. C5. 

4821. \^e folc of cnglisae] englische men aj8 ; J)at Englische folk 5; 
englysshe men e. 

4822. trayson] strengjje a^^f. suikedome] wj'ckedome Se. 

4823. nolde] wolde /3 ; wold no)t «. no Dion'] non man B. nam 
more] nanmore B ; no more y3. 

4824. moni] fale a ; fele 5. houndes] hundes C hot] hot C. 

4825. nolle\>] nolle B ; nuUe C ; nylle)> )3 ; -wyl 5 ; nyl nojt «. qua\>] 
quod €. mid] wyt B. '^ourc^ oure C5. in peys] on pees 5. 

4826. be)>] bene 7. 

4827. nolle] nolle}? a ; nolle)?e S ; ne wille fi ; wylle no)t to f. cn- 
ijlissemen] criste Englische 7. lawes] lawe BCojSe. 

4828. ^ vor)p] Ne go €. preche] nou preche « ; nowe preche 5 ; to 
preche j8e. 

4829. yo7ire] Oure C. ssolle] schnlle C. among ow wide] wyde a 
mongc )ou e. oio] ^ou BC ; eu o ; jow j85. 

4830. you] om. aBSe. ^oure] for ioure e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 3 11 

After seint austines day • to so];e come al ]ns • [235] 
Ac ]>e wiile he was aliue no^t • as le mo we yhure ywis • 

1\ y^to aylbri^t gret despit • adde in |?is ]>ozt • concilium 

pat be brutons nolde • Seint Austin abuve no it • ^^ destiuc- 

' . "^ / Clone Dn- 

Edelfred ];at was king • of nor]?humberlond • 4835 tannye. 

He enticede oper kinges • here of ];is lond • 

pat hii wende to walis • & ]?e brutons ssende • 

pe kinges }>o hii preste were • mid hor poer ];uder 

wende • BeUum ad 

Atte cite of kairleon • ]>e ost of brutons was • kayrloou. 

pe englisse anon puderward • drowe mid god pas • 4840 
A gret bataile hii smite ]>ev • In a lutel stounde • 
Ac brocmajd due of brutons • was ]?erc ybroit to 

grounde • 
Vor he fley & bileuede is folc • p'o he nuste o]?er won • Occisio 
Some aslawe & some ywounded • & bine);e echon • n"m '^'^^" 

4831. .vo)>e] sou^e C. 

4832. ]>c ivule] while 6. he was aliue'] )>at he liuecle o ; \)at he lyued 
$e. uoxf] to sol'e hit come no^t e. as . . . i/kure'] je schoUe 
huro a ; 3,0 schulle here ; je schul hure e. mowe] may 5. 

4833. udde] hadde euere a ; hadde euer /3 ; had eucr e. in b's] in j-s 
B ; in his Ci8 ; on his a. 

4834. nohle Seint Austin abuj/e'] nolde abowe seint austiu a; nolde abowe 
Seyut Austpi /8 ; nolde abowe to seyot Austyne e ; to seint Austyne 
abowe wolde 5. seint] to scynt C. ahuiie'] abue 13; abowe C. 

4835. Edelfred] Edelfrede C 

4836. enticede] entyccd BC ; tycede a ; tyeed )3e. o\>er] and oJ>er 
BjS ; & ol^ere a. of ] ek of o. 

4837. to] in to 5e. 6f] ora. 0e. ssende] schimde C ; to seheude /3 ; 
for to shende e. 

4838. hor] om. BCa)3S. tvende] to wende /3. 

4839. Atte cite] The Cytee €. >e ost oj] Jjan be /3 ; K' fulle of e. ost 
of brutons] brutons ost B. u}as] J>er was B. 

4840. mid god] \\\\> wel good e. 

4841. A] O ay. smite] smete C ; smote y. \>er] om. 5. In] on S. 
a] ay. Intel] lute B ; litel C. 

4842. Ac] 8c aye. bi-ocmayl] Brocinalle e. 

4843. Vor] Thcrfor e. Jley] tleu B ; flowc y ; fledde e. bileuede] 
bileued C ; bilefde o ; left e. >o he ?iustc] & niiste a ; and nust 5 ; and 
wist none /3 ; for he knewc nonne e. 

4844. aslawe] were y sleyne e. Sf some ywounded] & ywonded a ; & 
wounded /3. t^- bi)ie\>e] hi were biue^e a ; I ei where bynepe /3 ; ))ey 
were bynej'e 5 ; l>us }<ei were bynchc e. 



34;2 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



fol. 74. 
Oracio 
niouaclio- 
riini. 



[236] 
Occisio 
mouaolio- 
I'Lim. 



Nou were |^er icome fram bangor • monekes monion • 
In vastinge & in oi-isons • to bidde a^en lior fon • 
& ermites & monekes • of oj'er stucles bi syde • 
Bede god J^at |;e brutons • ]>e maystrie moste by tyde • 
po such folc of I'is holymen • king edelfred ysey • 
Sitte & bidde vor hor folc • & crie on god an hey • 4850 
& me sede him ];at hii bede • vor ]?e brutons echon • 
^if it so is qua]? ])Q king • ]>&i hii biddej? vor vre fon • 
panne vi^te)> hii aten vs • as moche as is hor mi^te • 
Mid hor armes toward god • ]>ei hii mid arme ne 

fi^te. 
SleJ> hom hastilichc anon • as oure puyre fon • 4855 
pat folc was prest j^erto • & to grounde slou anon • 
So j^at tuelf hondred of holymen • hii martrede J^ei'c • 
& aboute an vifti ofscapede • aliue vor fere • 



4845. ]i>er'] om. a/3S. icome . . . monekes'] monekes icome fram 
bangor a ; raonkes come fram Bangor j8 ; \pQ monkes y come fro Ban- 
gor e. 

4846. vastinge'] vastyn C. orisons] oresons Ca. bidde] pray )3e. 

4847. §•] om. e. ermites] hercmytes «. studes] stedes C ; stcde 
5 ; steddes t'cr e. 

4848. Bede] Freydc )3 ; Prayed 7 ; Prayden e. ])at \>e] that 7. \>e 
maystrie moste] my^t J?e mastry e. moste] most C ; my^t )8. 

4849. t?o such] po swuchc C ; The which 5. holymen] holijc men a. 
edelfred] clfred B ; Eldefrede 7. ysey] sey 7 sije e. 

4850. bidde] prey /Se. §• crie] hoi cryed e. on god] to god ye. 

4851. bede] dede B ; prcyde /8 ; prayed 75 . echon] euerychone 5. 

4852. is qua];>] be quod e. bidde\>] bidde a; praye ;3 ; pray 7 ; prey e. 
vre] oure Ca. , 

4853. vi-yte]>] worreJ> a ; werrej) )3e. ayen] a^eust e. 

4854. armes] oresuns a; orisouns |8; orysons e. toward] to B ; to 
bore C ; to hare a ; to here j8 ; to her ye. mid arme 7ie] uo^t w' 
armes e. arme] armes a/8S. 

4855. hastiiiche anon^ a noon hastelyche e. nnon] ynou a ; ynouj /3. 
puyre] pure BCajSe. 

4856. Vut] The 5. prest] prest anon a; prest anoue )8S; prest y 
uowe 6. slou] sloAve Ba ; hem slowe e. anon'] echon a ; echone P. 

4857. So] om. a/3Se. of] om. B. holymen] hohje men a. hii 
martrede] hi martrcd C ; ymartred were a5 ; martirede were ^ ; y martyrd 
were c. 

4858 aboute] om. e. an] a C5 ; om. a;8e. vifti] sixti a;85 ; sixty e. 

ofscapede] ascapede a ; ascaped j3e. aliue'] alyuc J^ere e. vor] 

forjj for a ; forJ>c for S ; & bei fleddo for e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 343 

po was hit to horn ycoine • J?at seint aiistin . horn sede • 

& no^t vor)?an gcwi dude wreche • of J;^ lii|;er dcdc • 

Vor i>Q king edelfred wende • toward bangor ])o • 48G1 Victoria 

To destruye be briitons • wat he founde mo • brutomim 

IT 111 '•^'^ baugor. 

pe louerdinges ];at |?erc were • tarkede horn anon . 

& ordeynede hor ost • to li^te mid hor fon • 

So ]>at mo l^an ten J70iisend were • of p'e englisse ybrott 

to de|;e • 48G5 

& ]?e king edelfred vorwoimded • |jat ofscapede aliue 

vnnej'e • 
Ac bedwer due of cornwayle • aslawe was |?o • 
&; moni of ]>e brutons • ac of J?e englisse wel mo • 
& ]>e englisse flowe • ouer humber uaste • Brutones 

A parlement ]>e brutons • made ])0 atte laste • 4870 r\^^™a. 
To chese horn a nywe king • & chose horn ];e kino- mcutum.] 

cadwan • , =;f »° 

pat was among horn alle • ]?e stalwordoste man • 

4859. to hom ycome] ycome to horn C ; y come e. hoiii] om. C5 ; to 
hem 6. sede] seyde B. 

4860. vor\>an'] for }>at e. Jjc] )>ulke a ; J^ilke fi ; \>a,i e. 

4861. edelfreir] Adelfred e. 

4862. To] Vor to Ba ; For to /35e. dcslrwje'] destruc B ; dcstryc C. 
ivat] what a. mo] J^ere mo 5. 

4863. louerdinges] lorlyuges C. yirkede] parked BC ; a rayed e ; 
^arkcm j3 ; yarkem y. 

4864. mid] a^en B. See Appendix, Note U. 

4865. mo \>an . . . ivere] ten jjousend & mo a/85e. \>ousend] Jjou- 
sond C. W] om. Ba/35f . yhroyt] hi broute a ; \>q\ brouit /8e ; 
)jey brou)t 5. de\>e] J>e de)>e C. 

4866. I^e king] om. a;35e. edelfred'] Adelfred Be. vorwounded] was 
woimded B ; for wonded a ; for wonded was e. Ipat] om. a/SSe. 
ofscapede aliue] ascaped alyue C ; ascapede alyue a ; ascaped alyuc /8 ; 
ascaped ou lyue y ; alyue ascaped 5 ; he a lyuc ascaped e. 

4867. Ac] But /8e ; And y. bedwer] bledder BCa/35e. aslawe] slayu 
^ ; sleyue e. was] J)er he was a ; ]>erc he was j8e ; J>er was 5 ; he 
was there y. 

4868. moni] many C ; mauije a. ]>e^ om. y. uc] &, Ba/3e. \>c 
englisse] Euglysch men 8. 

4869. 8f] So l^at e. )>e] om. a. jlowe] flowe I'O ae ; flowe han /3 ; 
flowen \>o 5. 

4870. made Jjo] )>o made ae ; }>an made i8 ; jjo helde 5. 

4871. cAesc] chcosc a. a] o a. ^- chose] & cheos C ; & hei chose e. 
/torn] om. BCa)35e. pe /«»</] Jie due B ; J»o duk C ; to kyug e. 

4872. stalwordoste] stalworthest ye ; Stalwoi'hyc^t 5. 



344 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[237] _ 
puisfcucio 
bumbrio. 



Conconlia, 



forma con- 
cordie. 



fol. 74 b. 



contencio 
regis & 
regine. 



po pis king ycrouned was • hii larkede liom anon • 
& in to homberlonde • sywede vp hor fon • 4874 

pG king edelfred in is half • mid |;e poer of is londe • 
& of o|;er londes tare was • aten bom vor to stondo • 
po hii were to |ns batayle • prest in ey]>ev sydc • 
Som frend bi|?o^te him bet • & bituene horn gan ride • 
& made acord bituene hom • J;at ]>e king adde al j^at 

lond • 
Edelfred bitonde bomber • al clene in his hond • 4880 
& king cadwan bi souj^e bomber • & al is owe lond 

walis • 
poru hard o]) & god ostage • yconfermed was al |>is • 
Bituene pis tueie kinges anon • so gret louo per was • 
pat hor noper nadde noping • pat to operes wille nas • 
Bituene pe king edelfred • & pe quene is wif • 4885 
perafter poru luper wille • wax a gret strif • 
pat pe king hire drof awey • mid , childe as ^o was • 
& nom him an oper wif • & pat was a dcoluol cas • 



4873. i/crouricd'] crowned 7. yarkede'] parked BC ; arayed 5; gadcrd e. 

4874. Sf in <o] To geder & in to e. vp'] vppon /8e. 

4875. pfl] Tho \}e e. edelfred] adelfrcd a. in] & B ; ou a^Se. of 
is] of J>is /8e. 

4876. yare] redy 5 ; J>er /3 ; there y; here e. ror] om. 5. 

4877. Mi] on aySS. 

4878. bii>oyte him] hym byj)0)te B; hom bi )>ou)te C; him bijioute a ; 
him bi^ou^t /3 ; him by )>ou)t e. bet] better /3 ; a better wey e. 
f/(m] gonne BC ; can 7. 

4879. al \>at] al Ms e. 

4880. Edelfred] Eldelfred B. biyonde] bi^ende C. in] ou a(3. 

4881. al] om. BCa^Se. oivc] owen /3 ; owne 7. 

4882. yconfermed raas] hi confcrmcde a; K'i confermed ; J^ei con- 
formed to e. 

4883. anon] i>o aSe ; )>au P. 

4884. hor noi>er] nojier of hem /3 ; noutber of hem 7. nadde] haddc 
i8 ; had 756. to] om. e. 

4885. king] quene 7. 

4886. perafter . . . ivillc] poru lu)>er wlUe perafter a ; Thur^ lu^er wille 
|>er aftir j8 ; Throuj euyl wil )>er after 5. ivax] wexe ; was 5. 
a yret] a wel gret ae ; a ry^t gret ;3 ; wel gi'ete 5. 

4887. hire drof] droue hure C ; drof her 5. drof] drouc H. yo] 
heo B ; he C ; beo "; 8clie ;8f ; she 7. 

4888. vom] toke /85 ; toke to e. ./] om. aQ 



PvOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 345 

To J'c king cadwan • ])g quene wendc ]?o • 

& ciyedo on him |>at he ssolde • helpe hire in hire 

wo . 4890 

pc king cadwan was ]>o aboutc • bitucnc hire & pe 

kinge • 
To make acord hi his poer • ki ne mitte nor none 

);inge • 
So l^at he huld vor ]7e quene • In is owe house • 
Mid childe hclplcs as 20 was • mid ];e quene is owe 

spouse • 
pat mid childe was as wel as heo • & of one time 

ney • 4895 

& J>o "pe children were ybore • )^at of kunne were so Ortus fiiio- 

V rum. 

Hii clupede edwyne ]>o kinges sone • of nor];homber- [238] 

lond • 
& cadwal ]?e kinges sone • here of )?is sou]; lond • Missio 
pis children were wel ^onge ysend • to salamon |;e ad biitau- 

kinsre • nia[m]. 

Of ]?e lasso bruteyne • to gode norrissinge • 4900 

pe king hom noryssede wel • & mid him priue ynou • 
& |70 hii to eldo come • to armes hom drou • 
So |?at stalwarde knittes • bo];e hii bi come • 
& wel yfonded in armes • & in batailes ylome • 



4890. cryede] cryde B ; cride a. tare ?i-o] |>at wo afie. 

4891. pe kingl om. a;85e. ^V \>c] & B. 

4892. make'] maki^e a. cV] & he /8e. nc mi-yte'] tuy^t nu-^t e, none'] 
no Ba/856. 

4893. huld] hulde B ; kept e. uor] vor}; B ; for)) a ; fuipe /SSe. ///] 
on a. 

4894. -yu] heo Ba ; sche ;3e ; she y. \>c (jucnc] om. a/35e. 
489.5. as wel] ek a ; eke /SSe. 

4896. S^] om. 5. ijborc] borne y. 

4897. clupede] callid 7 ; clcped him e. 

4899. wel] ry^t ^8. 

4900. norissiriije] norschinge o ; norschynge 0. 

4901. noryssede] norysede B ; uoryschyuge 5. S^-] om. a/35f. 

4902. elde] ^ekle C ; uklc o ; Age e. hom] he hum a ; he hem /83f. 

4903. 'S'c;] om. a/35e. stalwarde] stalwoithe y. hii] lieye S. 

4904. Sf i}i] & ae. 



346 THE CHRONICLE OF 

l^ylbri^t king of kent • ]'at }?oru seint austin nom • 
As we abbe)? ytold biuore • verst cristendom • 
Obitus Deide as in J^e ^er of grace • six hundred & sixtene • 
Eei^r^*^ & he was six «& fifty ^er • king as ich wane • 
Edbai fit His sone was king after him • Edbal was is name • 
^^^- pat spousede su}>]?e is fader wif • him to grete ssame • 

& ne tokle no^t of is cristendom • & ])q king sebri^t 
al so . ' 4911 

Guerra Cristine king of est sex • |;o he was of line ydo • 
tatis per ' His ]>YQ sones he bileued eyrs • of is kinedom • 
regern. pat were payns alle J>re • & a^en cristendom • 
petunt a So )?at hii come at one tyme • in hor lu|;er Rede • 
panem To seint Mellit bissop of J?e lond • & at is masse sede • 
album dci. gi^e bissop wu ne ^ifstus • of ]?ine wite brede • 

pat ]70ii est |?i siilf at ]n masse • in ]?ine vayre 
wede • 

4905. Eylbriyt] AilbriU a ; Aylbryjt e. kingi \>e king a j })e kynge 

4906. abbe])'] haue y ; ha>> i. ytold] ytol B ; tolde y, 

4907. Deide] Dei^ede a. 

4908. fifty] sixti a)3e. as] arst as aj85 ; erst as y ; byfore e. 

4909. Edbal] edbald BCa ; Edbaldc i85e. 

4910. spousede] spoused C. fader] fadris C ; f adres /3 ; faders7; 
ffaders e. yrete] gret C. 

4911. ne] om. /35e. tolde] told C. is] om. aySe. ^-] and also e. 
sebri-^t] segbrijt a ; segbryjt ; Seybry^t e. al so] );>o e. 

4912. Cristine] Cristeue C. 

4913. J)re sones] BC/8; prisons A; \>veo sones a; j>re sonnes e; thre 
sonnes 5. bileued] byleuedo BC ; bilefde a ; left e. ^y^s] cirj's 
C ; his elris a ; his eires ;3 ; his heirs y ; for his eyers e. of] on «. 
kinedom] kyngdom C. 

A'dlA. payns] panys B; paens a; paynyms /8 ; Faiuyms S. See 

Appendix, Note V. 

4915. So] om. S. So ... . tyme] In one time come his >reo sones o; 
In one tyme come his \>t:q sonnes ;3 ; In a tyme come his J-- re sonnes €. 
lu\>er Rede] lu^ere hede a ; luj^er hede j8S ; luj>er heed e. 

4916. Mellit] MelU^t a(& passim). bissop] J^e bisschop a; fie Byschop 
^ ; \>Q Bysshoppe e. (f \>c lond'] om. aj3e. is] )>e a;85e. sede] 
hym seyde B ; hym sede Caj35 ; to him scid e. 

4917. Sire] om. oj35e. ^vll] wy B ; whi CajSe ; why S. ne yifstus] 
ne ^efste vs C ; ne ^ifst Jjou vs o ; ne ^euest J^ou vs ;3 ; ne jeuyst J'ou 
vs 5 ; ^euyst })0U no^t to vs e. Yine] Yi 0e. 

4918. est] ABa5 ; ctyst C; etistc /3 ; ettyst e. y,i siilf] \>e sulf B; 
om. ojSSf. )"■] Hue C ; J'C a5 ; cm. /Se ; thi y. ]v'nc] ]>i /3c. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 347 

pat ]/0u ^cuc vre fader wulc • tk; ^ut ^ifst |;at folc ,., f.^'^^^.. 

al so • Melliti. 

Zi£ ^0 wollcJ> quaj; ]>g bi.ssop • as toure fader dude 

do . 4920 

152 lines omitted in Cotton MS. after 4920. Copied 
from Harleian MS. 

r& be yuolled in holy water • & myd cristendom 

monge 
Zq mowe sauflyche }»et holy }>yng • as he dude auonge 
We nolle]) no^t qua}^ ]>ys o])ev • |;ey pou vs bede 
Wy])ynne ];ulke water come for we nabbe]? non nede 
Ac in alle manere we wolle}> ete of ]7ulke brede 5 

pe byssop yt nolde grante • ac outlych yt wy]; seyde 
To ^yue hym j^ulke holy J'yng • bote hii y uolled 

were 
Hii suore anon in wra)?])e » lyf he ensentan nere 

4919. yeue'] jaf C; yaue y, yane to e. zvule'] while Ca; whilom /3; 
som tyme 6. yfsQ >efst C ; ^euyst to e. i>at'] Hs e. 

4920. woUeit} wolde B ; wold C ; wollen ^3 ; woUe e. qua\> )>e bissop'] 
seide he o ; seid he e ; sayde he do /3 ; he seyde 5, dude do'] dide Jjo /3 ; 
dude I'O e. 

1. yuolled'} ifoUed o ; foiled ; fullowed 5; yfiilled e. m] Be ; iu }>c 
Ca;85. myd cristendom] BC ; to cristendom a5 ; to cristeudome e ; 
^oure hejjenes /3. monge] BC ; ou jiue a ; jow jeue 5 ; ^ou ^eue e ; 
forsake j3. 

2. saufiijche] sauflych C ; saueliche a& ; sauelyche e ; sauelye 5. \>et] 
y- C ; t>at a65e. he] \>Qy 5. auonge] vnderuimc a ; vnder nyme e ; 
vndertake /3 ; Jjcron beljnie 5. 

3. 7iolle\>] willed ; wol y; nyllejj e. noyt] om. aSe. J>?/s] )jise /8e ; 
thuse S. \>ey] t)OU) /3e ; thof y. hcdc] so bede a)3S ; so 
bydde e. 

4. \(>ulkc] t^ilke J3 ; Jjilk 5 ; l^at e. nabbe\> non'] haue no /85 ; hauc}? 
no e. 

5. vianere] wyse uSe ; wise /3. wolle\>] willc ; wol 7 ; woUe e. 

6. ?/< nolde] wolde nou^t hit /3 ; wolde no)t liit e ; nolde hem 5. (jrante] 
granti a. outlych yt] outliche hit a ; outerliche /8 ; onlich he hit S ; 
vtterly hit €. 

7. hym] ham a ; hem /SSe. jJi/Z/i'f] J>at o^e. yuolled'] ifollcde a ; 
foiled )3 ; yfuUowed 5 ; yfulled e. 

8. Hii] & hi a ; And )3 ; And J-ey 5 ; Thei e in] on 5. yyf] Sc 
gif e. ensentan'] assentant a ; asseutaunt fie ; assentyng 7 ; 
assentynge 5. 



848 thp: cimoNicLE of 

To ^yue hem so lute ]>yng • & bote he yt hem teuo 
pat he ne ssolde in her lond • in non manere byleue 10 
Hii dryue hym out of her lond • & ys men echon 
pys holy man seyn Mellyt • to Kent wende anon 
To speke wy]? pe erchebysso}) laurence • & al so 
Wy]; yuste byssop of rouchestre • wat were best to do 
Seynt austyn nou al by ys daye • to erchybyssop nom 
Laurence & made after hym to susteyne Cristendom 
pys ]fre byssopes bytueyne hem • nom hem ]?us to rede 
pat hii myite in her owe lond • holyor lyf lede 
And wy]?oute peryl sykerore • j^an to Ijyleue ]?ere 
Among mys bylyuede men • bote |'er eny bote were 20 
So ]?at seynt luste & seynt mellyt to france )?o wende 
& lete J^e lu|?er men ywor];}>e • vorte God yt wolde 
amende 
[240] Ac nas nott long jjer after • a]? god wreche of hem nome 
pat after her fader dej^e • worrede cristendom 



9. so lute b^"//] ^o litcl Jjingc ;3 ; so lytel a thynge S ; pat piug }'at so 
litel is 6. bote'] liut )it' i3. yt hem] hem liit 5 ; hit to hciu e. 
yciie'] yaue f. 

10. 7ie ssolde'] schulde not e. in non manere] no mort; here (her a) a/35e. 
/)i/leue] dwelle e. 

13.. H/i] To /3. dryue] dryuen 5 ; dryfc e. echon] euerychone S. 

12. icende'] went )35e. 

13. leyV] mid a; cm. 5. cS'] om. a^e. 

14. Wy]>] Mid a. rouchestre] Rouccstre ;8e. 

15. Seynt] For seynt e. nou] om. ajSSe. to erchybyssop] to Archi- 
bischop /3 ; laurence \>o he e. 

16. Laurence S{ made] And made him Arthebys.shoppe e. susteyne] 
susteni o ; sustene /3. 

17. nom hem \>iis] nome pus Cae ; nome \>y^ S ; toke pus . 

18. »i] on 5. owe] om. a^Se ; own S. holt/or] holiore a. 

19. And] om. 0. sj/A(;ro?e] sekerer 13 ; sykerer 5 ; syckorer e. /vy^e"<'] 
dwelle €. l>ere] here a^f. 

20. mys bylyuede] mis hileucd a ; vnbelefful t. bote per] hot yf 5. 

21. po wc7ide] po y wende a ; pan wende P ; po pel ^ede e. 

22. lu\,er] lupere a. ijwor\>]?e] alone /3. i-or^e] vott C ; wort a ; 
vn to J3 ; ffor 5 ; for tyl e. 

23. Ac nas] But hit was ;3e ; Ilyt wa? S. lony] longe a/3. p,/-] 
om. 5. up] ar Ca ; or ;35e. o/'] on 5. 

24. fader] fadrcs /3 ; faders e. ivorrede] worrcd C5 ; wcrred vj on /G ; 
I'oi werred on f. 



ROIJERT OF rxLOUCESTER. 849 

For aton })at folc of westsox • hii nome an batayle 25 
& )jerc hii were ybro;t to groimde • & ysscnd wyp- 

oute fayle 
Vor her folc was inuehe aslawe • & ybro^t to de}>o 
& hii vor her hi|?erhede • of scapede alyue vnne}7C 
Laurence ]?e erchebyssop • al prest hym made also 
Vorto wende out of ]?ys lond • as ys felawes adde 

ydo 30 

pe ny^t )7et he adde imund vort abbe ywend a- 

morwe 
He lay muchedel of |>e ny^t in wo & in sorwe • 
To bydde god vor holy chyrche « and vor cristen- 

dom 
So ];at aslep atte laste • vor werynysse hym nome 
Seynt Petur to hym come • as |7e slep hym toke 35 
& tormented hym sore ynou • |?at hech lyme hym oke 



25. \>at'\ i>e 5. nome'] toke fi. an] J>o a ; i>e $ ; a e ; om. 5. 

26. ybro-yt] brou^t 3. groimde] groude C ; nou^t o)3 ; noght S ; 
no^t e. yssend] ischende C ; ischead a ; schent /3 ; yschent 5 ; 
yshente e. 

27. her . . . aslawe] moche of her folk Jjcr I sleyne was f . her] 
here C ; har 5. was] were 5. mucJie] meche 5. aslawe] 
yslawe 5; slayn jS. ybrot^t'] brou)t /8. 

28. lu\>erhede] luj'ernesse o^5 ; luj>ernes e. of scapede] of schapcd C ; 
ascapede a; ascaped /35e. alyue] on lyue y. 

29. erchebyssop] Archibischop /3. hj/in] \>ei him e. also] i>o a$5e. 

30. Vorto] Vort to a. ydo] do y. 

31. pe] pat C. imund'] ymiind a ; yment C/3e ; ymynte 5 ; in mud B. 
vort abbe ywend] for to habbe iweude C ; for to wende a)85e. 
amorwe] a morewe a ; a morowe /35e ; on morowe y. 

32. muchedel] mocheldele e. be] om. a. wo] wop Ca ; wope 5 ; 
wepe /3 ; wepynge y ; sore wepyng e. c^] & eke a5 ; & also &. 
sorwe] sorowe a ; sorowe /35e. 

33. bydde god] bidde a ; bide /3 ; bydde 5 ; prey «. 

34. \>at aslep] bat aslepe C ; he slep a ; he slepe /3e ; he sleptc 5. 
atte laste] at )>e last /3 ; at be laste e. werynysse] weryncs bat S ; 
sorowe & heuyues bat e. 

35. as] Si, as /3. 

36. tormented] tormentedea; turment /3 ; tomentyd 5. hech] echo 
C/3e; ech a ; euery 5. lyme] lima. hym] of him e. o//c] 
sore oke C 



350 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& esste of hym wy he adde • so vyllyche ys ssep vor- 

sake 
Wyjjoiite warde among )?e wolues • pat in warde hym 

were bytake 
& wy of god ne of hym • ensample he ne nom 
pat deyde bo]?e in rode • to susteyny cristendom 40 
pys erchebyssop was adrad • wel sore ]>o he awok 
He hyede to ]>e kyng • vor ech lyme hym ok 
& ssewed hym al ]>at cas & ys wounden some 
& bed hym ys lyf amende • o]?er vp hym sulf yt 

ssolde come 
[241] pe kyng anon • for drede • ys false wyf vor soke 45 
pat he hukl in such hordom • & cristendom toke 
And after Sejni lust & Seynt Mellyt • ])e tueye byssopes 

sende 
So J^at a^en to ]?ys lend • )?ys gode men boJ>e 

wende 



37. csste'] ej'ste B ; esched C ; axede a ; asked jBSe. ofhyni] him Q; 
om. a5e. 

38. })e] om. oiSSe. in] to ajSS. hyiii] to him e, hyt.ake'] take -y; 
ytake e. 

39. yod 7ic of hym'] him ne of god a;8e. ensample he nc] noune 
ensample of hem he e. ne] no fi ; none 7. 

40. deyde] dei^ede a; deyjed j8; deyd 5; dj^ed e. in] in \>e a; on 
\>Q j85e. s%isteyny] susteni a ; susteyue ;85e. 

41. erchebyssop] Archibischop /3 (& passim). adrad] draddc ;8. 
wel sore] ryjt sore )8 ; for "wel sore he was e. )>o] when ^. 
awok] woke ^. 

42. hyede] hyed /3S6 ; hyed him 7. to] towarde 5. lyme] lim a. 
/(?/?« o/] of him quokc e. 

43. ssewed"] schewede a ; tolde €. ?/s tvomide7i] his wondene a; his 
wondes ;8 ; shewed to him woundes e. 

44. bed] bad a^e ; bade 5. ?;/)] to ajSSe. sm//"] snlue a. ssolde] 
wolde a;8e ; Avil 5. 

46. he huld] he helde /Sf ; helde 8. snch"] om. o/SSe. foAe] he tok a ; 
he toke j8e. 

47. .47j</] BC ; om. aiSSe. /«s<] luste ajSSe. tueye] tweije a ; two 
J85. se7j(/e] he sende o ; he sent ; lie sente S ; after hem he 
sent e. 

48. lond] loude jSSe. loewf/e] wente jQS ; went e. ^jj/s] |>isc 13 f ; thes 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 351 

& hii of rouchestre Seyn lust • to her byssop vayrc 

toke 
Ac ]7e Londres Seyn Mellyt al clanlychc versokc 50 
Ac huld hem to her hc]?enesse • & in ]?ys manero com 
Kyng edbald after ys fader • vorst to cristendom 
After Laurences depe • as god ^ef }'at cas 
Erchebyssop Seyn Mellyt • of Kanterbury was 
Erchcbyssop he was vyf ^er • & after hym me nom 55 
Seyn lust to erchebysso]^ • to sauy crystendom 
Cadwal ]>e kynges sone • J^at was of j^ys lond 
As ych seyde er • & edwyno of norj^homberlond 
pat in brutayne were • hom hii gonne wende 
After her fader dej^e • eyj^er in ys ende 60 

& auonge her erytage • & louede hem wel boj^e 
Attc bygynnynge wel ynou • & su)?];e somdel wrope 
For ])o hii adde an tuo ^er ybe louerdes in her londe 
Edwyne sende to cadwal ]7at hym ssolde vnderstonde 



49. S,-"] Tho 5. rouchestre'] roucestre a/3e, toke'] \>ei toke e. 

50. Ac] And jSe. he Lojidrcs'] J'c londreys CkjS ; Jjc londreis 5 ; 
londofi e. «/] ac B. clanh/che'] clene hi a ; clene ]?e\ $ ; clene 
J^ey 5 ; cleen l^ei e. versoke] forsoke aj85e. 

51. Ac] & Ca;85e. Indd'] hiilde C ; heldc afiSe. hei>e)iesse'] hc^eu- 
nys e. in'] on a0Se. » 

52. edbald] edbal C. fader] faders dej> e. iwrst] furst afi ; ferst S ; 
first 6. to cristendom] cristendome nome e. 

53. Laurences] laiirencis C ; laurence y ; Laurence is S. yef] jaf 
o5 ; ^aue j3e. cas] grace 75e ; gras /3. 

54. Seyn Mellyt of Kanturbimj] of Caunturbery seynt Mellyte e. was] 
\>o was oSe ; J>an was ^. 

55. vyf] vif Cct; fyue ;85e. me] men jSSe, 

56. lust] luste ojSSe. sauy] sauc /SSf. 

57. was] was \>o 5. 

58. er] byfore e, 

59. brutayne] litel Bruteyn e. hom] Ca5 ; home y3 ; hem B. 

60. herl hore C ; here /3 ; hor 5 (& passim). fader] Faderes ^ ; ffa- 
ders e. rfej)e] de)> Cai3e. 

61. ^ . . . erytage] The londes folk fongo hem fayre in to her heritage 
€. auonge] auenge C ; fonge a)35. hem wel] wel hem e. 

62. .4He] At t>e a/35e. s?<J'>e] sehj^e a; sithe ^ ; sethe 5; si|>^e e. 

63. For] Fore 5 ; Or e. \>o hii] \>Qi 0e ; J>ey 5. «?*] om. oj35e. tuo] 
to C. ^er] ^eres j8. louerdes] lordes Cj85e. m*] of o/SSe. 
lo7tde] loudes B. 

64. sende] sent /35e. /(</?/(] hehjTn C ; he a^Se. 



852 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[242] (fc soffiy hym in ys owe lond • ]mt he ycroiined 

were 65 

As veruor]? as he in ys • & as ry^t was croimc here 
Kyng caclwal nom ys conseyl • & sende hym word 

so 
pat ys conseyl ne ^ef hym no^t ne ensentede j^erto 
pat in one kynedom • |?at of one croune were 
pat yt were departed • & }?at me tueye cronnen 

here 70 

EdAvyne was wi'o|> vor ])ys • & suor ys more o]? 
To be yerouned wy):'0ute hym • ner hym no so loj? 
Cadwal suor ys o]> a^en • ^yf he croune here 
Vorto smyte of ys heued • vnder ys croune ]^ere 
pus wax stryf bytuene hem • hii greyj^ed her host 

vaste 75 

And by nor];e homber • mette hem atte laste 



65i ^] om. €. soffri/l soffri a ; suffry C ; suffre $5f. hpii'] om. S. 

/m] on a/35. owe] om. /Se ; owu 5. yerouned'] crounede /8 ; 

crowned 78. 

66. As] Also a. ivas] is e . here] to bere e. 

67. Kyng] om. a^Se. nom] nome e; toke /85. scnde] sent ^ ; send 5. 
hym] om. y. so] J)0 aj35e. 

68. ne jc/" hym noyt] ne ^aue noujt ^ ; ^ef him noght 5 ; ^aue him no 
suehe rede e. ensejitede] asentede C ; assentede a ; assented /3 ; 
assentyd 5 ; asscnte)> no)t e. 

69. \>at of ... . were] & one crowne y lere e. 

70. yt] om.*)3. ivere departed] were to parted a ; were to parted 
nou^t j3 ; be nojt departed in two e. 8c] om. a;85. Vat] om. «. 
me tueye croiinen] to croiinenen me o ; two crounes men /3 ; two 
crowmes me 5 ; tweyne men hit e. 

71. Edwyne was icro\> vor \>is] Therfor Edwyne was wroJ> e, suor ys 
7nore] swore ]?o his grct «. 

72. To be] That he wolde be 5f. yerouned] crouned $ ; crowned 5f. 
wy]}oute] with outen B ; wij? outten e. ner hym no] nerc he neucr /8 ; 
were him neuer 5e. 

73. ys o)>] \>o 5; his oJ>e J^er e. yjf] )if J'at 5; J>at ^if e. cro%inc'] 
any crowne e. here'] bore C. 

75. wax] was 35; waxed e. ////] andbol^e S; so |jat l>ei e. yrcy\>ed] 
grei}>ede o ; graj>ed $ ; gaderd f. her] om. a$ ; his 5. 

76. i?/ 7iori>e] byfore 5. mette hem] hi mette hem o ; }>ei mette hem j8; 
J'cy mette hem 5 ; ^ei mette to geder e. atte] at he aj85e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 353 

Mony ))ousend ]>er were ybrott • of cadwales men to 

de|;e 
& he hym sulf wy]? vewe men • of scapede alyue 

vnne]>e 
& fleu hym vor]? in to )?e see • al j^oru scotlond 
& so vorp> euere in to \>e see • vorte he com to yrlond 
Edwyne wende ]>o anon • out of ys owe lond 81 

& destrude wyde aboute • ]?at cadwal adde an honde 
Alle ys stedes ver & ner • &5 to grounde caste 
Cadwal in yrlonde ys ost • tarkede vaste 
& vor)> toward |>ys lond • J?e veage nome 85 

Ac euere wanne he myd ys ost • to eny hauene com 
Edwyne was aten hym • & drof hym a^e [243] 

So }>at he ne mytte aryue • ac huld hym in |'e see 
Ac anchanteor edwyne adde • of Spayne wyj? hym ])o 
pat cou]?e hym segge of ys dedes • al hou yt ssolde go 

77. were ybroyt'] was I brou^t e ; ]>ei broujt 0. Cadwales^ Cadwalis 
$ ; Caflwal ys 5 ; Cadwals e. 

78. wi/lp'] mid a. of scapede'] ascapede a ; ascaped ^Se. alyue"] on 
lyue 7; om. 5. 

79. fleu him vor];>] fleyj him forthe 5 ; flei him sulf a ; flowe him self P ; 
he him self fled e. m] & in e. al ];>oru] al forjj bi a ; al fort>e 
bi )3 ; al forthe by S ; forJ> by f . 

80. m to ]>e] in J>e afie ; in S. vorte] fort o ; vn to /3 ; tyl 5 ; for tyl e. 

81. icende] went /35e. )>o] laan /3. owe] owen $ ; own 5 ; owne e. 

82. destrude] distroied j3 ; destroyed e ; stered 5. wyde] al e. rt?j] 
on aj85 ; in e. 

83. s<e</es] studes a ; steddes c ; places 5. ver] bo}? fer e. §•] om. 5. 
casfe] he hym cast 5. 

84. yarkede] ^arkede J>o a ; parked ban j8 ; arayed 5 ; gadered j^o e. 

85. ]>e] Jeanne a. veage] viage y85 ; wey e. nome] he nom o; he 
nome /35e. 

86. CTiere] om. S. Ae] om. 7. e?!?/] any $e ; ony 5. hauene] 
ha&e a ; hauen $. co7h] he come 7. 

87. a^e7i] a^enst 5 ; ajeyn e. %'«] him )'er o€ ; him J>ere j85. drof] 
droue jSe. aje] sone a^e afi ; sone ajee 5e. 

88. So] om. a^€. tie myyte] myjt noU e. huld] helde /85 ; 
euer helde e. 

89. .4c anchanteor edwyne hadde] Edwyne hadde enchanteour a ; Edwyne 
had an enchauntour /3 ; Edwyne was an enchauntour 5 ; Edwyne had an 
enchauntoure e. of Spayne] \>Qr 5. wy\>] mid a. hym] om. 7. 

90. cou\>e] cou)j a ; coude 7 ; cowde f. Aym] om. )8e. segge] saye )3 ; 
seye S ; sey e. 

Z 



-^ 



354 THE CHRONICLE OF 

poru ys chantement • so }?at cadwal 

Ne dude no]?yng J^at edwyne • ]?oru hym yt nuste al 

Cadwal rniste ]>o o]?er rede • bote myd al ys mayne 

Wende to porcliacy hym help to j^e lasse brutayne 

Tempest hym drof in ]?e see • here and |:'er vaste 95 

So psbt in ]>e yle of gerneseye • hii aryued atte laste 

po cadwal com to reste • ]>er so gret deol he nome 

pat he adde so ys folc vorlore • & ys kynedom 

pat he lay syke in ys bed • vor deol & vor sore 

pat he ne ete non mete • |?re dawes ]7er vore 100 

pe ver]?e day to veneson • hym Jjo^te ys herte drou 

Bryan ys owe priue man • was ]7erof glad ynou 

Hys bowe he nom & so^te a best • aboute mony a 

myle 
& he ne mytte ssolde he deye • vynde non in al j^e yle 



91. chantement'] enchantement aiSSe. cadwal'] king cad^val a; kynge 
Cadwal ;3 ; kynge Cadwalle 5 ; kyng Cadwal e. 

92. Ne] om. 5e. Yaf] but 6. liyin] his cncbauntoure e, miste] 
wist /3 ; wyst e. 

93. nuste J>o] nuste C ; nuste non o; wist none j8 ; wist non S; knewe 
nonne e. 

94. Wende] Went /35e. porchasy] purchaci C ; purchasi o; purchase 
iS ; purchas 5e. help] more helpe e. to] in to e. hrutayne] 
Bretayne S (& passim). 

95. %??(] horn C ; ham a ; hem /35 ; him 7e. drof] droue ;86 ; drofe S. 

96. So] om. a;85. in] in to e. \>e] J>an a. gerneseye] gernesye 
C ; gernesey^e a ; Garnseye /3 ; Gamsey e. aryued] ariuede a. 
atte] at aB ; at \>e /3e. 

97. com] byganne e. reste] reste him e. deol] del C ; dul a ; dole $ ; 
dule e. 

98. so] om. a/SSe. vorlore] ilore o; ylore Se ; lost j3. ^] and eke yB. 

99. paf] So e. s?/Ae] vaste sike C ; om. a/3e. m] on ae. rfeo/] 
del C ; dul a ; dole ^ ; dule e. 

100. ne ete] et C ; ue et a; eete ; ete 78; had nojt etten e. 7Jon] 
nanne C ; mannes afi ; no manere 5 ; mannys e. ]>er vore] ne more 
Ca/3 ; no more y ; 8c more Se. 

101. ver];>e] fer^e a;35 ; fourthe yt. veneso7i] venesun C ; venyson j3 . 

102. owe] o afiS ; om. e. was \>erof] J>erof was 5. 

103. nom] toke 3. a] o a. ?;io???/ a] in mani o a ; in many a e. 

104. §•] Ac o5; But ^e. ne iny^tc] myjt nojt e. ssolde he] 
I'ouj he schuld e. vynde non] any fynde t. a/ J^e] J>at 5f. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 355 

Soiy was j^ys biyan ]>o • ]?at ho noii grace naddc 105 
For he hopede yt were ys loiierdes hele • vor j^e wylle 

]?at he adde 
He ne vnderstod of non o]?er fless • }jat ])e kyng yknowe 

ne coil]? 
pat yt nere non veneson • wanne yt were in ys 

laoupe 
He byjjo^te hym of harde ynoii • to abbe ys louerdes [044] 

lyf 109 

A gi-et pece of ys owe ]>y • he kerf out wy]> a loiyf 
And helde |?e wounde wanne he mytte loke tyf he 

nas trewe 
pe kyng he brotte yt wel yi'osted • vor veneson newe 
Newe and verss yt was ynou • p>e kyng ete ]?erof anon 
Hym J>o^te J^at so suete mete • he ne ete neuere non 
Ne so saiiery in ys mou]? • so j^at he turnde to hele 115 
& hoi was ]>e l^rydde day • vor ];ulke suete mele 



105. J>ys] om. 5. Jjo] |>an j3. 7jo?j] no Ca/85e. narfrZe] hadde 7 ; had e. 

106. hopede^ om. S. i/t were 7/s louerdes] hit were his loidis hele C ; 
eadwales o ; Cadwalis j8 ; to Cadwalles e. wjjUe \>at he'] while myght 
haue 5. 

107. ne vnderstod of] vnderstode 5 ; vnderstood of e. of] that y. 
fless] flechs a; flesch C ; flesche /35 ; flesshe e. \>at'] hut suche as e. 
yknowe] knowe a/3; knowen 5; kuewe & e. ne] om. 5. cuu\>] 
cou}>e a. 

108. nere non] nere no CaS ; were no )3 ; were none 7 ; were e. iccre] 
was )3. 

109. He] At he last he e. o ] om. a;35e. abbe] hahbe Ca ; haue 
/35 ; saue e. 

110. A] O a/3. owe] owen ^ ; own 5; owne e. \>y] J>ij a ; hi^e /3 ; thee 
7 ; th3")e ; )?ye f . herf] carf a5 ; carfe /8e. out] om. e, a] his a/3e. 

111. And] He 5. Ae/fZe] helede C ; heled /3e; helyde 5. \>e] om. 5. 
2ran?ie] whanne C ; whan aSe ; when /3 ; om. B. }yf] orii- « ; whejjcr 
/Se ; if 5. nas] was iS ; was not 5 ; was no)t e. 

112. jTe] To l^e e. yt] om. o/S. tre/ yrosted] wel i roste C ; irosted 
wel a ; rosted wel ^. newe] god & newe a ; good & newe /SSe. 

113. rerss] fi-esch C; ferchs a; fresche /8 ; fresshe 5e. e<e] et Ca. 

114. so sMe<e ?nc<e] mete so good e. /le ne ete] ete he C5 ; ne et be a; 
swetter ete he )3 ; j^at he ete e. ncucre] neuer er suche e. 

115. Ne] Nei]?er e. in] on a. 

116. for \>ulke sxiete] ^oru^ steng^c of hat good e. 

z 2 



356 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hym longede after veneson • ]jer after longe sore 
Ac uer gode of ]>\ilke beste • ne com in ys mou]; nan- 
more 
To ]?e lasse brutayne • wyj; ys folc ]>o he drou 
& of ]>e kyng Salomon was vnderuonge vayre 
ynou 120 

& byleuede wy]? hym alle wynter • vorte after ]>e 

leres ende 
& grey]?ede her poer • hyder vorto wende 
Kyng edwyne adde ywonne er al out ]>o Brutons 

lond 
More ]?an eny englyss kyng • euere er adde an hond 
Al by^onde seyn dauid • & al walys al out 125 

By uore hym nas non englyss kyng • so ryche ne so 

prout 
He]7en man he was ywys • & to Cristendom 
poru erchebyssop of euerwyk • seyn paulyn he com 

117. \>er after loiiye'] J'er after ofte Ca5 ; ;)>er aftir ofte ^ ; after J^at many 
a tyme e. 

118. Ac uer'\ Ac for Ca; But for /3Se. yode'] gvde C ; god a. \>ulke'\ 
\>aX e. ne . . . mou])'] In his mou)>e come 5. ?«e co7n'] come /8 ; 
come nojt e. nanmore] na more C ; no more fiZe. 

119. To"] And so to e. wy\>^ mid a. folc] men e. )>o he'] )>o a ; 
fast he jS ; he e. 

120. \>e] ova.. a$e. was] he was aySSe. vayre] wel C ; fayr a. 

121. Sf byleuede] He bilefde a; He bileued 13; He bylefte 5; He 
dwelled e. ivy]) him] om. a^SSe. alle wynter] alle J>e wynter C ; al 
J>at winter t>er o ; al |>at wynter bere &e ; alle J>e wynter J^ere 5. vorte] 
for C ; vort a ; but /3 ; for to 5 ; and e. 

122. ^ yrey]>ede] He graced ;8; And gaderd e. her poer] hore 
power C ; hare power a ; his power )3e ; her^oste S. hyder] hedir 5 ; 
hyderwarde e. 

123. yivonne] wonne j8. a. ok/] al aboute 7. ]f>e] om. C. Bru- 
tons] bretons 5. lond] grounde 7. 

124. englyss] englichs o. er adde] had byfore e. aw] on oj85 ; 
in 6. 

125. hyyonde] biende a. §• al] Sf so oj8e ; and S. a/ out] aboute y. 

126. Omitted in y. tias non] nas noo; was /3 ; was none 5; was 
noune e. enylyss] englisschs a. ne] no S. 

127. 7/eJ)e7i] Hehene Ca;85. t^] and first e. to] good /8. 

128. X'oru] )--'oru Jjc Ca ; Thurj t>e /3 ; The S ; Thoru) J>e e. paulyii] 
05 ; panliu ajSf ; paulym 15. com'] nome /3. 



nOBEllT OF GT-OUCESTER. 357 

Cadwal kyng |>at a^te be • of brutons londe r^jrn 

Myd poer ]?at kyng- Salomon • liym adde ytako an hondc 

pat was ten ]?oii.send knyites • & myd ys owe poer 

Aryuede bysyde totoneys • come somdel ner 

In ])e toini of exestre • mony brutons were 

& a lu]7er kyng of ]?e marche • byseged hem J^er 

Penda |>at he]?ene was • vnder edwyne J'e kyng 135 

Cadwal ]^o he wuste ]?ys • ne made no targyng 

Ac smot to hym myd ys ost • & J?er wy|?oute fayle 

At eccestre strong ynou • hij smyte an batayle 

Penda ]?ys he}>ene kyng • was sone ouercome 

& ys folc muche aslawc • & he hym sulf ynome 14 

po he in prison was ydo • & o]7er coii|)e ne yse 

He byhet cadwal myd hym • myd al ys poer be 

& ]7at he ssolde vor hym • j^e bet kyng edwyne 

ouercome 
Of ]7ys was sykernesse ydo • & ostages ynome 

129. k;/}ig ]^at a^te be"] ^at ante be kyng C ; i>at ou^t to be kyng e. ayle ic] 
autebeoa; aii^tto be /8. o/'] of }>e 0. brutons] brutones a ; bretons 5. 

130. poer] J^e power e. kynij 80101)1071] Sakimon kyngej3. hi/7n addc 
ytake] had ytake bim e. ytake] take /85. an] on a)85 ; in e. 

131. \>oxiS€nd] }>ousond C; Jjousand /SSe. fuiyytes] Ca ; knyjttes j3e; 
knj-ghtis 5 ; kyn^tes B. Sf mj/il] to streng|>e e. owe] houne a ; oweu 
; own 5 ; owne e. 

132. Art/ucde] lie aryued e. by syde] bisiJes a/S ; be syde e. Totc- 
ncys] tottenejs a ; Tottynas e. ^'] & so e. come] com a. 

133. Exestre] eccestre C ; excestre a/Se ; Eccetre 5. brutons'] 
bretons 5. icere] t>ere were 5 ; jjer were e. 

134. cS'] om. C. a] o aj3. byseyed] bisegede Ca. 

136. \>o] when y3. wuxle] wiste a ; wist ;35 ; knewc e. ne] he /35e. 
taryifny] taryenge /8 ; taryingo 5 ; tarying e. 

137. smut] smote /QSe. ivy\)uute] wythouten y; wijj outteu e. 

138. eccestre] excestre a/Se ; Eccetre 5. hij smyte] |hi suiitcn a ; ])oi 
smote /3 ; J>ey sraoten 5 ; jjei smytte e. an'] o a ; a /35e. 

140. ysfulc muche] his folk meche 5; moche of his folk e. aslawc] 
slayn ;8 ; yslayne 5 ; sleyne e. ynome] nome j3. 

141. po] Whenne /8. ydo] do j3. o\<er] non oi>ere S; nonue o>er 
bote 6. cou)>e ne] ne couJ)e Ca/8 ; couj^e S ; cowde e. yse] iseo o ; se ySt, 

143. byhet'] bihi^t/3; byhete S. cadwal] mid Cadwal a ; with Cad- 

wal /35. ?«?/(/ hym'] om. aySSf. Zi<'] to be C5 ; to beo a ; for to be 

143. \>at'] for Jiat 5. vor hym] \>orv\-y him e. bcf] better /Se. 

144. !»as sykernesse] sikerncsse was 7. ,V'/o] made /3 ; ymade e. 
oslayes] ostage a ; hostage 5 ; good ostage /Se. ynome] uome /3. 



358 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[246] 



ol. 76. 
occisio 
edwini. 



Occisio 
osric. 



Penta parked ys poer • & cadwal ek ys route 145 
Of brutons ]7at vor defaute of help to sprad were wyde 

aboute 
po J'ys ost al ^are was • vorj^ward vaste hij drowe 
And in norj^homberlond • |'at folc vaste hij slowe 
Kyng edwyne adde al so • in ys half gret poer 
Igadered of englysse kynges • & of ys owe ver & ner 
In to ]?e veld of haduele • ech of hem drow 151 

Myd her ost & smyte ]>er • an batayle strong ynou~] 
King edwine was ]>er aslawe • & offrid is sone al so • 
& godbold king of orcadas • & hor folc ney }'er to • 
Cadwal was al aboue • J^e wide it wolde ylaste • 4932 
pe englisse & ])e saxons • he slou J?o wel vaste • 
He ne sparde old ne longe • ne womman mid childe • 
pat he ne slou wanne he vond • he nas no j^ing milde • 
An o|?er bataile su]?|?e he smot • aten osric strong 

ynou • 4930 

pat king was after edwine • & ]?ere he him slou • 



parked] ^arkede ayS ; gaderd 6. 



/'] 



145. PeiUa] Penda C a. 
om. fie. 

146. hratons'] Bretons 5; Jje Brutons e. \>at vor . . . to sprad were] 
for ... . i'at isprad were a ; for .... j^at sprade were /8 ; for . . . . 
they sprade were y ; for ... . t>at sprad Avere 5 ; l^at J^er were y 
spradde e. 

147. po] Whenne ^8. jare] redy 0e ; redye S. vor]pward] 
norjjward C ; for|>ward a ; for}>warde ; forward e. 

148. }pat] here e ; om. S. 

149. in] on S. half] side )3. 

150. Igadered] Gadred 5. kynges] knyjttes /8. owe] owen/3; 
own S ; owue e. ver] boj^ fer e. 

151. haduele] hadfeld C; hadfelde 5; handefeld a ; haudefelde )3e. 
drow] ]>o drou a ; Jjo drowe e ; )>an drou^ &. 

152. smyte Jjcr] smete >er C ; smote J^er /3 ; smytten J^ere 5; i>eT J>ci 
smytte e. an] o « ; a aSe. 

4930. \>er] \>a,ve C. aslawe] slayne y ; I sleyne e. offrid] Ofred )3e. 

4931. Sf] & muclie of e. ?ic?/] ner C ; nere /3 ; nyje e. 
4932-35 omitted in a0e. 

4932. Cadwal] Cadwal B. ivule] while C. 

4934. He] And 5. mid] ne BC. 

4935. wanne] wham C. 7ias] was 5. 

4936. An] On a ; One y. si/l>];>e he] si)?e J'ei j3 ; sil>)je >ei e ; ]jo he S- 
ayn] aye « osric] offric ciS ; Offrye 0. 



s 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 359 

& is tueie neueus J»at after him • kinges ssolde be • 
& cadan king of scotlond • aslawe hii were alle ]^re • 
Enfiyd edwines bro]?er • ]>o he sey J^is wo aboutc • 
To cadwal he wende & mercy • him cryede vor 

doute • 4941 

Cadwal him & tuelf ]70usend • |^at mid him come Magna 

slou . ''''''''''■ 

pis ter was among hom • of feble grace ynou • 
& j^at was of hom gret harm • vor after hor cristen- 

dom • 
To hej'enesse hii turnde a^en • & ]>o such wreche hom 

nom . 4945 

King cadwal & J^e brutons • hor wille adde al so • 
& stured hom among hor fon • ];at hom adde er ssame 

ydo . 

eint Oswald enfrides broj^er • king was ymad ]>o • [247] 

Of al norWiomberlond • amono- al Hs wo • ^^°^Vj* 

' . UswalQua 

pat holimon was & god • J^e betere is grace was "4950 fit rex. 
& king cadwal to him • to sturne verst nas • 



4938. tueie'] two 7 ; tweyne e. neiteus'] neueuos 5. \>at after him'] 
after him \>d.t afie. ssolde] schul 0. be] haue be ye. 

4939. cada7i] cadwan a/8e. aslaiue] yslawe C ; y sleyne e ; slayn /3. 
hii] om. o;8. 

4940. )>o] )>eri 0. he] om. a/35. aboute] al aboute e. 

4941. we7idc] •wente C ; weut e. mercy him cryede] cryed him mercy e. 
hiiii cryede] cryde B ; cride him a ; cryed him j8 ; cryed to him 5. 

4942. him] toke him e. mid him, come] come wij> him e. slou] ^an 
slou^ 0. 

4943. jer] J>are S. 

4944. \>at] hit e. gret] lute Ba ; Hte C ; litel ;3e. 

4945. To] And to B. hii] om. a/35. )>o] \>\xs, BC. such] 
swich C. 

4946. wille] wil a. adde al so] Jjci had ))0 e. 

4947. stjired] sturede a. hom] hem so e. adde] had to him e. cr 
ssame] schame er C ; schame ere 5. er] ore y. 

4948. ymad] made y ; raaked 5. 

4949. among] in e. 

4950. ]pat] This e. is grace ivas] Mas his grace iSe. 

4951. to sturne] no J^ing sturne e. verst] vorstB; om. e. nas] 
■was B ; ))0 nas a ; J>an -was /3 ; he was y ; he nas «. 



3G0 



THE f CHRONICLE OF 



Aduentus 

sancti 

birini. 



conuercio 
regis. 



pis was in ]>e ler of grace • six hundred ^er ywis • 
tfc aboute vour & j^ritti • j^at ydo was al j?is • 
^eint birin ]?e bissop • an holimon was • 

pat in to J^is lond • J^oru )?e pope • honory ysend 

was • 4955 

To turne ]>e king of west sex • kingilf to cristen- 

dom • 
& ]7at lond of west sex • in to }?is lond he com • 
Sein birin him to cristendom • turnde ]7oru godes 

grace • 
& as god wolde seint Oswald • was in jmlke place • 
& of l^e holi vantston • J?is grete king nom • 4960 

& is godfader was • in is cristendom • 
Seint Oswald & ]>is oj^er king • ];oru vre louerdes 

grace • 
Purueyde seint birin • to is wille an place • 
pat dercchestre is ycluped • ]>at biside oxenford is • 
As in |?e estesou]? • an scue mile ywis • 4965 



4952. pis^ That 5. 

4953. vour'] an foure B ; a foure 5. \>ritii] Jjriiti ^er a; J>ritty ><?er /3 ; 
thirty yere y ; thretty ^ere 5 ; J^irtty jeer e. ]>at'] oni. afie. ijdo'] 
do)3. 

4954. birhi] berin a; Burine /3. leas'] J>at was ajSSe. 

4955. pat in] oni. a)35e. ht:] om. ySe. Iioniinj] hono a; hider /8 ; 
lyon €. ysend] sente /3 ; y sente e. 

4956. \>c] om. B. khu/ilf] kjngyh B; kyngils C; kingils 5; 
kyndely e. kinyilfto cristendom] into this londe he corae y. 

4957. ^- . . . . west sex] And so in he Countree of Westst'x he prechede. 



\>at] eke the y. 
J>is lond come e. 

4958. birin] berin o. 

4959. i>ulke] hat e. 
49G0. of] at e. 



m to 



him 



co7)i] in to cristendome y, & in to 
turnde] to cristendome him turned e. 
vantston] fantston CyS ; fonston a. 
2?i] on o5. 



l>e] om. B. 
\yis'] to his e. 7uini] he nonie e. 

4961. is godfader was] was his godfader e. 

4962. o\>cr] om. C. louerdes] lordes e. 

4963. Purueyde] Puruayed for e. birin] berin o. an"] o o; ay. 

4964. pa<] At e. dercchestre] dorchester B ; derchestre a ; Dorchestre e 
is ycluped] is icleped o ; is clepid ;8 ; whiche is y cleped e. 

49S5. As] Alle ase a ; Al as /Se ; Alle 5, estesou\>] sourest C. an] 
om. ojSSe. seuc] seuene )3e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 361 

pere sein birin bissop was • ]>e iierstc |>at was ywis • 
Vor J?e se was ]?ere of bissop ]>o • ];at at lincolne nou 

is • 
pere he deycle & ]?ere he lay • vortc suj^pc J^cr after ^ol. 76 b. 

longe • 
pat he was to winchestere ylad • as he tut is uaire 

auonge • 
Cadwal king of brutons • worred euere uaste • 4970 [249] 
& panda vpe seint Oswald • vorte su]?]?e atte lastc • sancti 

pat at ]?e toun of mersfeld • binorj^e ba]?e hii come • oswaldi. 
Seint Oswald & ]>e due penda • an bataile nome • 
Penda |7ere J^e luj^er due • in batayle slou • 
&5 Martrede seint Oswald • »Sz; al is body to drou • 
& mony a J^ousend of is men • aslawe ek per 

were • 497G 

pis was of ]?e lev of grace • In j^e six hundred tere • 



4966. sem]seiata; seyut /8e. birin'] beriu o. verstc] vorste B 
(& passim). 

4967. se] see B ; ce C ; sec )35 ; Cee e. was .... J^o] J>at j^er was 
\>o a5 ; J^at t>er was t>au )3 ; ^at J>ere was J'O e. ^at] om. 5?. \>at 
at ... . is] lincolne nou heo is a ; lyncoln nowe hit is ;8. is] hit 
is e. 

4968. vorte] vort a; vn to ^ ; for tyl e. sn\<\>c] hit was e. 

4969. X^at] om. a/85. ylu'l] ladde /3. as] & e. he yit is] ys )ut 
B ; is jut a; in yit $ ; ys jytte 5. iiai7-e] om. afiS ; J^cr e. 

4970. worred] worrede Ba. cucrc] euere more C. 

4971. vpe] vpon a; apon fi ; on 7 ; vppon e. vorte] vorto a; vn to 
j3 ; fort 5 ; for tyl e. su])]>e] om. e. 

4972. at \>e toun] vpon J^e douue a ; vpon \>e dowue /3 ; at l^e dowue 5 ; 
vppon Jjc downe e. mersfeld] mersueld B ; marsfeld C ; niarsfelde 
aySe ; Merschfelde 5. hinor\>e] by fore 5, ha)>e] Baa|> e. 

4973. ]>e due] kynge 5. an] Si BC ; ase hi a ; as Jjci fie. 

4974. Penda )>cre] J^er penda afi ; Thare Penda 5 ; There Penda e. in 
batayle] seint Oswald o ; seynt Oswalde lie. slou] aslou a ; he slowe 
;8 ; slowe e. 

4975. seint Oswald] )>aue godeman a; \>a,t good man /8e. al] om. afiSe. 
to drou] drowe e. 

4976. Omitted in y. S(] om. e. a] om. BCa/35e. aslaive] slayn 
/3 ; I sleyne e. ck] also /8. 

4977. of] in 5e. jer] time a; tyme )3e. /n J)c] iu B ; & in J)C a. 



rex. V/ TT 



362 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& vour hondred vor seint Oswald • in J^e ^er king 

was • 
& of eitte & ]?ri^ti ^er old • ]?o him biuel ]>is cas • 
Oswy fit (^Swy seint oswaldes bro|?er • king was ymad |?o • 

He bifo^te him of pes • to libbe wij^oute wo -4981 
He acordede wi]? king cadwal • & tresour him tef 

ynou • 
Vorto be is priue frend • wi]70ute worre & won • 
pe fourme of pes was vaste ymad • bituene hom & 

hore • 
pat ne miite nott wel be ybroke • bote treii]?e were 

uorlore • 4985 

Ac penda ]?e he]:'ene due • adde eiiere god wille • 
To worry him & don him ssame • & }>otte in is herte 

stille • 
Ac he ne dorste vor cadwal • &5 naj'eles atten ende • 
To ]7e king at is parlement • to londone he gan wende • 



4978. hondred] score a/3 ; scoore e ; om. 5. vorj )>o furst a ; when 
furst 13 ; ]>at e. in .... king] kyng of age e. in \>c jer] ny 
^er C ; nyne )ere S. 

4979. S^qf] & aj8 ; om. e. Sf >r/)<i] an >ritty C. biuel] vol B ; 
ful C ; "felle 5. 

4980. oswaldes] Oswald B. ivas ymad] ymad was BC; was made y. 

4981. pes] peis C. Uhhe wi\>oute] libben out of C ; lyue withouten y ; 
lyue w' outten e. 

4982. wi\' king] w' J)e kyng C ; mid king a. 

4983. wi]>oute] wi}) outten e. worre] werre Ca. §• ivou] or wouj 5. 

4984. \>e fourme] A couenaunt e. ymad] made 7. ^- hore] hereB; 
J^ore )3 ; euermore 5 ; & her e. 

4985. ne] hit ne j8 ; om. 5e. noyt icel he ybroke] be ibrokc nout a ; 
be broke )3. wel] om. e. be ybroke] ybroke be B ; ibroke be C. 
bote] Bot if C. were uorlore] ylore were B ; were ilore C ; were 
ylore 5. 

4986. \>e] om. B. heS^ene] lu>er o/35e. due] kynge 5. yod] 
gret ^e ; grete a ; goude C. 

4987. worry him] woiTe hym B ; werre on him 13; werre e. doji] 
do BCe. ^- \yoT,lc] he >ou)t e. stille] ful stylle e. 

4988. ne dorste] durst nojt e. ^•] ac Ba ; but /3e ; bot 5. alien 
ende] atte ende C ; at J^an ende a ; at the cndc y ; at I'e last ende e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 363 

& allc ])c dukes of brutayne • & |;e englisse kinges 
echone • 4990 

Ycome were to ]>is parlement • bote king oswi one • 
Penda esste p>e king anon • wy king oswy nere )?ere • [250] 
pe king sede he vnder stod • j^at he sik were • dum^'^'nci' 

Sire qua]> ]>e o]>ev to soj^e • hit nis noj'ing so • pro oswy. 

Ac he gadere)? uaste is poer • us ssame to do • 4995 
& he a}> ysend bitonde se • after saxons mo • 
& wole awreke is bro}>er dep • he suere]? on vs tuo • 
peruore tif me mid poer • leue ]?uder to wende • 
& bringe him to ssame & binej^e • er ]7an he vs 

ssende • 
To breke is triwe couenaunt • ];e king was lo]? J^er to • 
& na]>eles is conseil him tef • ];at he it moste nede 
do . 5001 

po penda ];is leue adde • he nom poer ynou » penda pcr- 

&u toward J>is king oswy « over homber drou • sequitur. 

4990. }>e] om. B. hrutayiie'] Brutons e. 8f >c] & o/85. 

4991. Ycome were] per come were a; Ther were come /8 ; Thei M-ere y 
come €. h/s] om. /3e. iofe] alle bot S ; saue e. king osivi'\ 
Oswi kynge )3. one'] alone e. 

4992. esste] askede B ; eschte C ; axede a ; asked Qe. ncrc] uas a ; 
was nou^t fi ; was not y ; was nojt e. 

4993. sede] seid J>at e. silt] ryjt sike /3 ; right seke y. 

4994. qiia\>] quod /Se. ];>e o\>er] penda a^Se ; l^ys ot>er 5. to so])c] for 
so)>e aySe. nis] is CySe ; ys 5. 

4995. uaste is poer] power faste a ; power fast /3e. us ssame] schamc 
vs a3 ; shame vs e. to] for to a/BSe. 

4996. he] om. C. ijsend] isende a ; sent ;8. bi^ondc] bijende a. 
se] J>e see jSe ; }>e se 5. 

4997. wole] wol C ; wil 5 ; he wol e. br(i]>cr dc\)] broj^crcs de> /8 ; . 
broJ>ers deej? e. s«ere)>] sweriej^ a ; sei)> jSe. 

4998. yif] yc\xe];> fi ; jeue e. wte miV/j mid me a ; with me 0e, poer] 
good power e. leue )f>uder to] and leue for to a/3e. <o] om. BC. 

4999. bringe] I schal brynge e. /u?«] om. o. <o ssame §• i/7«ej>e] 
mid schame binej^e a ; with schame bynej?e ; downe w' shaame e. 
er Jja/i] er t>at a ; or }>at j8e ; ore J^at 5. 

5000. triwe coue7iaunt] trewj:)e }>at he made j8 ; trow)>e & couenaunt e. 

5001. ^•] Ac a. is] om. a/SSe. it moste nede] moste uede hit S. 
it moste] moste yt B ; moste hit C. nede] om. afie. 

5002. t>is leue] his leue e. 710m] tokc y. 

5003. >is] om. S. rfroK] he drou a; he drouj )3 ; he drowe e. 



30 4 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& barnde vaste & robbede • &5 to grounde slou • 
pe king oswy him let esse • wy he dude him so 
wou • 5005 

foi. 77, • Cadwallad • 

& bed him vor godes loue • abbe of him reu]?e • 

& of is lond & l^enche bet • of foreward & of treu]?e • 

po penda nolde oj^er do • ]>e o]>ev aten him sette • 

& dude him al in godes grace • & mid is ost him 

mette • 
& an bataile smite strong ynou • & J^oru godes grace • 
King oswy |?e cristinemen • bileuede in ];e place • 5011 
Vor penda ]>e he]?ene due • aslawe was J^ere • 
& l^ritti oj^er dukes • J^at mid him al so were • 
[251] Six hundred ^er it was of grace • & in ]?e vifti];e 

^ere • 
per biiet penda lute • cristinemen to afere • 5015 



5004. harnde] brende e. After this line are repeated iu y eleven Hues, 
ending with line 4943. 

5005. }>e] om. ajSSe. him let esse} him let esche C ; let axi him a ; Icte 
aske him ;3S; let aske him e. dude'] dide /3 ; ded 5. him so loou} 
h-at wou a ; J^at wou) ^ ; I'js wouj 5 ; J^at wrong e. 

5006. bed} bad a; badde e ; prayed /3. abbe] to habbc a; to hauc 
l3Se. of] on ye. reu\>c] sum routhe 5. 

5007. \>enche'] hynke fi. beQ better ;3e. oj"] on BC ; of \>c 5e. of] 
on BC ; on \>e e. 

5008. iiolde] woldc none /3e. do] om. B. j^e] hat e. 

5009. dude] putte 5. <il] om. a)35e. nt] on 5. 

5010. Sf] oni. 5. ail] om. aySe. smite] smete C ; hi smite a ; hci 
smote /3 ; J)ey smytten S ; ^ei smytte e. §•] J>at a0e. 

5011. cristinemen] cristineman a ; Cristen man 5. bileuede] hadde ^e 
better fi ; alyue scaped e. in] om. Ba5. )'t] ]>at e. 

5012. penda. . . due] \>e he^eue due penda a; J^c hehen Duke Penda 
I3e • J^e hej'cne Due Penda 5. aslaice] aslawe >o a5 ; slayn han ^ ; );o 
I slawe 6. 

5013. dukes] dukus B. 

5014. it was of grace] of grace yt was B ; of grace hit was Ca;Q5e. 
vifti\>c] fiftej>e a ; fyftene €. 

5015. bit^et jienda] penda bijat a; Penda bygateS; Penda wanne ySe ; 
Piui'a wonne y. lute] Ba ; luce A ; lyte C ; litil S ; lytcl e ; but litel 
/3. to] vor to B ; for to e. afere] fere o5e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 365 

po cadwal king of brutaine • nobliche adde ynou • Obitus 

Ybe king ei^te & fourty ^er • & to ekle drou • ^^'^'''^^• 

He deide after martin masse • riit ]:'e sixte day • 
pe brutons made deol ynou • |;o he ded lay • 
&o made a kinges fourme of bras • al holu wij^inne • Sepuitura 
Vpe an hors ride of bras • & ])at bodi dude wi];- doniam^n 
inne • 5021 equo eneo. 

& ype ];e west ^ate of londone • sette hit wel heye • 
In signe of is nobleie • }^at men wel wide yseie • 
& ]?e siite J;er of • |?e saxons aferde • 
An chirche of sein Martin . ];er bine|?e hii rerede • 
War imie me ssolde • godes seruise do • 502G 

& singe vor is soule • & vor alle cristine al so • 
f^ Adwallad is sone was • j^er after ymad king . 
tong bacheler & stalwarde • atte biginning • 



5016. brutaine^ In-utons BCae ; Brutoims 0; Bretons 5. nobliche\ 
nobleije a ; uobley fie, 

5017. Ybe'] & ibeo a ; And hadde be fi ; And hadde bene y ; For he had 
I be e. ^ to] & J>o to e. elde] elde he e. 

5018. He deide after martin inasse] After martinemasse he deiiede o; 
Aftu' martynmasse he deied fi ; After Martinmasse he deyd 5 ; After 
Martelniasse he dyed e. J^e] J^en B. sixte] sex y ; sixe e. 

5020. made .... holu] })ei'made of bras J'C forme of a kyng & al 
holowe e. a] om. B ; an C ; one afi. ul] & al a;85. 

5021. Vpe .... bras] And sette it on a hors to ryde j8. Vpe an] 
Vpon a ; Vppon an e. ride of bras] of bras rydynge 5 ; of bras 
rydyug e. \>at bodi dude] dude >at bodi ae ; dide J»at bodi fi ; his 
body ded 5. wi\>inne] Jjerynne BS. 

5022. vpe] vpon a ; vppon e. sette] J>ei sette e. wel] ryjt /3. 

5023. wel] ry^t j8. yseie] sei^e /3 ; sey y ; hit se €, 

5024. §-] An B. aferde] BCa ; af erde A ; afered S ; for to make a 
ferde j8 ; to a ferde e. 

5025. An] & o a; And one ^8 ; And a e. hii] om. afi. rerede] 
arered 5. 

5026. do] \>QV do fi. 

5027. vor alle] alle a/S ; al 5. 

5028. Cadwallad] Cadwallandre oyS ; Cadwalladre 5 ; Cadwallandyr e. 
was] om. )>er after t/mad] after him was made 5. hint/] to kiuge 
o ; to kynge 0. 

5029. '^ony] tonge C. stalwarde] stalworl)e man 0. atte] at 
his «/3e. 



30G THE CHRONICLE OF 

& jjorii out wel wusto is lond • & sauede ]>e briitons • 
Stifliche al an tiielf ^er • a^en j^e saxons • 5031 

.Morbus Ac po vel lie in siknesse • & sorwe vpen o]>eY • 
regis pestis p^ bputons vo^te her & J'cr • ech vpon ojjer • 

[252] & lore as wo seij? grace of god • & ]?at he gan horn 

ssewe • 
Vor he sende hom so moche hunger • «fe luj^er ^eres 

arewe • 5035 

pat ];et folc was meteles • bote wo so cou]?e myd 

ginne • 
Op>er mid bowe & arwe • eny wilde best winne • 
So gret qualm com ek among mon • ]?at hii ]^at bi- 

leuede aliue • 
Ne mi^te nott al burye ]?at folc • ])at deide so Riue • 
Vol of siknesse & of qualm • & sorwe )>is lond was 

]>o . 5040 

Of hunger & of vuele teres • hou miite be more wo • 



5030. wel wuste'] wel wiste a ; wel gouerned /3 ; kepte wel S ; kept wel €. 

5031. ala7i] alle a ; al j3; om. e. twelf] twelue /8e. aye?i'] aye C; 
a^ens fi ; ayenst y. J^e] om. B. 

5032. ho] when /3. vel he'] he fel aP ; he felle Se. ^- sorwe vpen] 
gret sorowe ros hem a monge e. vpeh] up on C ; vpon a;8. 

5033. vo-yte] fouten a; fou^tten e. ech] echonae; echone )35 ; & 
eche C. vpon] ajen BCa ; ajcyn S ; atens /3e ; aj'enst 7. 

5034. lore] lost j85. wo] who so ae. ijrace~] i>e grace C/35e. 

5035. hoyn] om. afi. lu]>er] Inhere a. 

5036. >£'<] hys B ; om. ai35e. meteles] meteles nei C ; ney meteles Ba ; 
nere meteles 3 ; nj^e meteles Se, 

5037. arwe] arwen B ; arewyn C ; areweu a ; arowes 5. wimn'^ 
ywinne a. 

5038. qualm] manqualm a ; manquelme e • de\> yS. co7n .... 7non] 
com ek among men B ; was ham among a ; was hem amonge /8e ; J>er was 
amonge hem eke 5. \>at hii] ]>ei e. hii ];>at] hi J>e a. bilctiedc] 
were Be ; lefde a ; leued $ ; lyued yS. 

5039. Ne] om. Se. al burye ^yatfolc] burije alle a; bury alle P; burye 
alle 76 ; berie al ]>e folk 5. ]i>al] )>ei e. so] >o so aSe ; han so )3. 

5040. of qualm] manqualm a ; gret deh fi ; of manquelme e. sorwe] 
ful of sorowe e. 

5041. &•] om. 6e. viicle] wickede a ; wicked /3 ; wyckcd f. it] 
l-er be e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 367 

pat folc gret compainye • & o|>er mid sorwe & wop fuga gent- 

[iuml . 
JTIOU • -^ 

Wanne hii miiie abbe ssipes • in to oj^er londe drou • 

. Cadiuallad • f«i- ' - ''• 

pe king him let ek in sorwe • & in siknesse lede • ^^^ f"g''t- 

Toward J^is lasse brutaine • & ]>is deoluol pleinte sede • 
Awey awey we sunuol men • Alas vre wreccliede • planctus 

• • ■* rcffis. 

pat we abbe]; ]7us god agiilt • mid moni a sunuol dede • 
We & vre elderne ek • j^e wreehe ich vnder stonde • 
pat |7us wi'ecchedliclie vs drifj; • out of vre kunde londe • 
pat ]?e romeins ne mitte • mid bataile neuere do '5050 
Ne scottes ne picars • ne j^e saxons ]>ev to • 
Nou we hep ]>oyu wreehe of god • vor vre sunuol dede • 
YDriue out al clene • wi}?oute hope • wij; sorwe • & 
wrechedhede • 



5042. gret'l om. 5. gret compainye Sf ojjcr] mid compaigni^e & oh'er o ; 
with companye & o>er )8 ; wI}j o)?er companyes e. sorwe Sf wop'] 
wop & sorwe BC. wop'] wepe ;8 ; wepyng e. 

5043. abbe ssipes] ssypes abbe B; schipes habbe Ca; schippes haue /8 ; 
schyppis haue S ; shippes haue e. londe] londes BCaySS ; londes 
J>ei e. 

5044. king . . . lede] kyng in his sorowe eke & in his sykenes was ledde e. 
ek in sorwe] iu soreue ek a ; in sorowe eke 5 ; in sorwe also 0. 

5045. Jj/s] l^e HCafiSe. deoluol] delfol C. pleinte] worde e. 

5046. Awey awey] Wailewai a ; Walawey /8 ; A weilhiweye S ; "Weyla- 
way €. wrecchede] wrechedheed e. 

5047. we] i>ey S. abbe];>] om. 7 ; haj? e. god agidt] godagylt7; 
greued god e. moni'] mani^e a. a] om. BCa^Se. 

5048. elderne] vlderne a ; eldres )3 ; elders e. ek] also /3. >e] ^is 
afie. wreehe] wreehe is aSe ; is wreehe /8. 

5049. \>us wrecchedliche] pure wrecchidlye 5, vs drif\>] nouvus dryfj? 
B ; nou vs dryf C ; drifj> vs a ; dryuej^ vs ;3e ; vs now dryueth 5. 

5050. J>e] om. B. ne] neuer 5 ; om. 6. mid bataile neuere] neuere 
mid bataile o ; neuer with Bataile hit /8 ; neuer w» batelle e ; w' 
strengthe of bateil S. 

5051. Ne] Neitjer e. )>e] om. Ca/SSe. \>er to] hider to a/3e. 

5052. he\>] bu> a ; be 7 ; ben e. vor vre] boru oure a ; )jurgh oure |3 ; 
J)rou) oure 5 ; & J^oru^ oure €. 

505.3. Yf/HMc] D*yuen^. al] om. a^he. ivi);>oute] w' outten €. 

wrechedhede] wreehe B ; ■vrrechede Ca; wrechehede ;3 ; wrechhedeS; 
wrecheheed e. 



368 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[253] ^or na^t we abbej> so ofte • vpe horn ywonne |;at 

lond • 
Wanne god nel no^t })at it be • lengore in vre bond . 
Vor |;e soj'uast god ]?o he ysey • }?at we nolde uor no 

]?ing. 
Fram vi*e sunnes vs wij^drawe • ne }?at no prince ne 

king • 
Ne mi^te us bringe out of )?e lond • he J'at miitfol is • 
De]» after vre decerte • & pult us out y wis • 
Come]? nou &zen le romeins • & te scottes also • 5060 
Pycars & saxons • »fe englisse j^er to • 
pat so moche abbe]? desired ]7at lond • ^e mowe hit 

finde noujje • 
Al bar wi|?oute defence • binor];e & eke bisou}>e • 
&L al |?at ]7oru wreche of god • &, ]?oru our poer noit 

ydo . 
Vor poer ]?at te alle adde • ne miite it bringe ])er to • 

5054. ?jaj<] va^t B. a56e}>] haue 7 ; haj^ e. vpe lioni^ ofhemj35; 
vppon hem e. ywonne'] wonne fi. 

5055. nel] nele a ; wil /85 ; wol 7 ; Mylle e. lengore] lengor C ; 
longer ;8 ; no lenger e. 

5056. Vor] Vor J^o a ; For )>o e ; For Jjan ;8. J?o he] ova. a^e. ysey] 
yse B ; sawe j3 ; hit se e. nolde] wokle yS ; wold e. 

5057. vre] cm. a^SSe. sunnes] synne B. ne );>at no prince 7ie] ne 
prince ne J>at no a ; no prince no ^it no ;8 ; for Prynce neij^er e. no] 
non B. king] om. B. 

5058. Ne mhyte] My^t nojt e. us bringe] brynge vs BS. >c] )?at 5 ; 
oure e. he] but he e. 

5059. L>cjj] De>eB; De)> sent /3; Dobe e. ptilt] pul C; put $ ; 
putte 75 ; putte)? 6. 

5060. a^e7i] om. 5. ^- ^e] & J>e a. 

5061. }jer <o] eke >er to a/35e. 

5062. so moche abbe]f> desired] habbej> desired so a; han desired so ; 
hauejie desyred so 5 ; haj) desired so e. abbe])] habbe C. desired] 
desire A. nou\)e] nowe f. 

5063. Al bar] Al bare nowe 7. defence] eny defence 5. 

5064. \>oru] is J>urgh y3 ; is t'oru^ e. J>orH ourpoer «oj<] no^t ^oure 
poer no^t B ; no^t Jjoru^ ^oure power e. our] cur a ; ^oure ;8 ; 
jour 5. 

5065. Omitted in 7. poer] al i^e poer B ; al iie power a/86 ; alle }>e 
power S ; no poer C. alle adde] habbe}> a ; haue /85 ; had e. I'i 
bringe^ hit nouU brynge ;8 ; ^e brynge hit e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 369 

Ac |7oru ])e uiiiie of ihesu crist • we be]) ybro^t to 

grounds • 
pat we wra]?]?ede euermo • & nou we it abbe]? yfounde • 
Alas Jjat by myne daye • suche wreche ssolde come • 
pat y nadde be dedbore • bote god adde ]?e soule 

ynome • 
pe deol ne may no tonge • telle • ]7at ]>e king to him Aduentus 

nom . 5070 ^"'"^"^^' 

So }?at to ];e lasse brutayne • mid J7is sorwe he com • 
To J7e kinges neueu Salomon • Aleyn ]?at was king ]?o • 
& vaire of him was vnderuonge • in is mochele wo • 
po }?e brutons }?er after were • al as out of munde • [254] 

After vole Ipe saxons • sende of hor kunde • 5075 

To come & wonye in |7is lond • j^at no mon aten horn 

nas • 
& ]7ut lond to hor wille • al bar aten hom was • 
po J?is strange men hurde p'is • ynou of folc hii nome • Aduentus 
Of men & of wimmen ek • iSz; to pis londe come • Lxonum. 

& anon fram cornwayle • to nor]?humberlond • 5080 

Bote it were of pouerayl • al bar hii founde j^at lond • 

5066. Ac'} Al S. be\) ybroyt] bene brought y. 

5067. Vat] For \>a,i e. wra\>\>ede'] wraj^l^ed him e. euermo'] euermore 
5e. Sf] om. S. it ahbe)>] abbe> B ; haue hit )35 ; hit 7 ; ha)> hit e. 

5068. myne] my 7. 

5069. y nadde] ich nadde a ; I ne hadde jS ; I had e. be] ybe B ; ibe C. 
ded bore] dede born j3 ; ybore S. bote] bote ]jat ; but >at /8 ; so J^at 
Se ; so C. \>e] my e. ynome] nome 7. 

5070. ne] om. Se. no] non B. 

5072. ivas king] kyng was B ; king was a ; kynge was /35. 

5073. ^ . . . . vnderuonge] He was faire vnderfonge of him aS ; He was 
vnderfouge of him /8 ; He was vnderfonge feyre of him e. 

5074. po}>e] Whenne J'at ;8. al as] al ase a ; alias 5. iiiunde] mynde e. 

5075. \>e] Jjan J^e ;8. sende] sent f. kunde] kynde e. 

5076. wonye] wonien a ; wonnen j85 ; wonen e. \>at] for bat e. nas] 
was e. 

5077. \>ut] J>at bet B ; bat bat C ; bat a/3 ; be 5 ; bis e. to hor] al to bore 
C ; at her 7. 

5078. )pis] bise e. strange] stronge C. 

5079. ek] also y3. come] J^ei come j3. 

5080. ^] om. B. anon] al anon a ; al anone /3 ; al a noon e. 

5081. Bote] Hote B. pouerayl] poueral B ; poraylle e. hii founde 
]>at lond] this londe they fonde 7 ; bey hit fonde 5. \>at] bis e. 

A A 



370 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



fol. 78. 

pauperes 

fugiunt 

walJie. 



Aspicio 
angel [i]. 



• Cadiuallad • 
pe pouerail ouer Seuerne • fley ]7at J'er was ])0 • 
& bileuede vor]? in walis • in sorwe & in wo • 
Wei longe j^er afterward • j^o it com to amendement • 
& bote of hunger & of qualm • vre louerd adde ysent • 
Som help of ]?e king alein • ]?e king cadwallad biso^te • 
& ]7at he in to is kunde lond • ]7oru help of him him 

brotte • 
pe king him grantede anon • & as hii were aboute • 
Ej}>er in is half to gadery • gret ost & gret route • 
To king cadwallad • an angel • in auision bro^te • 5090 
Fram heuene & bad him • wi]?drawe of ]>at he ]:'0^te • 
Vor it nas noit godes wille • ]'at of ]>& brutons kunne • 
Regnede more in engelond • & al uor hor sunne • 
& nameUche at ]?ulke tyme • ]?at in is prophecye • 
Merlin sede to arjjure • J^at nolde noj'ing lye • 5095 



pouerail} poueral B ; poraylle e. 
Sj' m] & ek in 



& eke in 5e ; Sc 



5082. pe] patC. 
flowe /3. 

5083. bileuede'] bilefde a ; dwelled 
also in /3 ; & eke in Se. 

5084. Wei'] We B ; Tyl fi. longe \>er] longe her BCa ; longe here ;85e ; 
here longe 7. ]>o it com] whenne J?ei come /3. 

£085. qualm] de)> jS ; manquelme e. vre] and oure 8. ysent] ysend Ba. 



cadwallad] cadwallandre o/3 ; 
hiso-'yte] sou^t 5. 
help of him] ys help B ; his help 



to gadery] to 



5086. \>e] oni. 5e. \>e] om. B. 
cadwallander ye ; cadwaUader S. 

5087. in to is] to his a;3e ; to \>ii 5. 
aS ; his helpe /3e. 

5088. him] om. a^Se. 

5089. in is half] on his half aSe ; on his side fi, 
gadre j8 ; to gedre 7 ; to gader e. 

5090. To] To >e e. cadwallad] cadwallandre aj8 ; Cadwallander ye ; 
cadwallader 5. an] on a ; come on y. in] om. BC5. auis'ion] 
a Tisioun y; a \dsion 5. bro-'yte] to him brou^t e. 

5091. heuene] heuene word a; heiiene worde )36 ; heuenwarde 7. bad 
him] bed him C ; seide a; saide iS; seid e. ofYat he] >at he C ; i'ce 
of >at j8 ; J)e of \>i e, 

5092. nas] was i85 ; is e. no'^t] om. B. of] none of e, \>e] om. C. 
kunne] kunde C ; kynde S, 

5093. Reqnede] Kegne e. sunne] synne C. 

5094. at] ar BCa or /SSe. \>idke] ]>at e. 
ys in B. 

5095. nolde] nold C; wolde )88 ; he wold e. 



\>at in"] or in 5. 



in is] 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 871 

Vor lie sede J>at J?e brutons • me ssolde ^ut yse • [255] 

Winne hor ri^te kinedom • ac it ssolde arst longe be • 
Wanne J?e relikes of halwen • yfounde were & ykud • 
pat vor drede of saxons • er wide were ybud • 
To sergi J^e pope |?at ])0 was • to rome he bed him 
wende • 5100 

& do ]>Qre is penance • J?at god him wolde sende • 
& bUeue al er]?lich J^ott • ]^en deuel vor to ssende • 
& he ssolde among holimen • to heuene atten ende • 
pe king J^is auisyon • ];at ]>e aimgel him sede • 
pe o]?er king tolde priueliche him |?er of to rede • 
pe king alein let |;o anon • in is bokes aspj^-e • 5106 quesiclo 
Bo|?e of sybile ]?e sage • & of merlines prophecy e • iibro[rum] 
Were hii to is auision • acorded in eche J?inge • 
&; ]>o he vond pat bituene hom • nas non discordinge • 
He radde ]>e king cadwallad • to J^enche nammore '5110 
Of engelond ac do al out • ]>e angeles lore • 



5096. me] men 76, ssolde'] schul e. yse] ysey B ; se 7. 

5097. kinedom'] kj-ngdom y€. arst] ars C ; ry^t 5. 

5098. halwen] halowes e. yfounde] founde 7. 

5099. \>at] om. 7. er] 0111. B)3; ben e, ivere] where were fi ; were 
where 7 ; where e. 

5100. sergi] sergius aSe ; Sargius /3. \>e pope \>at }f>o was] |>at pope \>o 
was o ; )>dX pope was t>an fi ; )jat Pope was J>o e. bed] bad ae. 

5101. him wolde] wolde him 5. 

5102. hileue] leue e. er\>lich] erlyche C; erHiche a. \>o-)^t] j>outes 
o ; Jjou^tes /3 ; |70U)tis S ; ]>ou)ttes e. \>en] j^an C ; I'ane a ; ]>e )3e. 
deuel] deouel a. 

5103. holimen] holije men a. atten] at \>an a ; atte C ; at J^e ey. 

5104. pe] Tho ]>e 5. auisyon] auysyon B ; vision 5e. him] to 
him e. sede] )>us sede aj85. 

5105. pe . . . priueliche] he tolde priuely to kj-ng Aleyne e. pe] 
To ]>e 5. king] om. B. tolde] he tolde 5. him \>er of to] 
& bad him )>Qv of aj35 ; & asked of him >er of e. 

5106. alein] om, a^5e. in is bokes] his b[o]kes o ; his bokes for to 
/3e. aspye] spye /3e. 

5108. TTere] WheJ^er afiSe. is] this 7. auision] vysion e. 
acorded] acordede Ca. 

5109. 7eas 7io?(] was no /35 ; was non e. 

5110. cadwallad] cadwallandre afi; Cadwallander 76; Cadwallader 5. 
\>enche] J?ynken 5. 

5111. ac do al out ]>e] ac al out do \>\x\kQ a ; but al cute do Hike )8; al 
out ac of )>e 5 ; but al out do i>ilke €. 

A A 2 



fol. 78 b. 
[256] 



372 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& wende to rome • holy lif to lede • 

pe king cadwal dude al out • ]^at ]>& aungel & he him 

bede • 
& at rome was of ]?e pope • vayre vnder vonge • 
& In penance & holy lif-liuede ]?ere longe • 5315 

& J^e nyente]>e day of aueryl • out of J'is worl he 

wende • 
To ]?e loye of heuene • as god after him sende • 
Hit was seue hondred ter • bote on ter lasse vnne]7e • 
After |?at god an er]?e com • ]?at ])is king com )7us to dej^e* 
pe englisse ]>o &, saxons • ]?at al one ]>o were- 5120 

Edificacio Grete tounes & castles • bigonne bulde & rere • 
Saxonum. p^^ j^-^ adde er yeast adoun • & louerdes were po • 
& ]>e brutons clene al out • mid sorwe & mid wo • 
& lore }>o boj^e al clene • name & eke lond • 
Vor ]>&t was bruteyne ycluped er • me clupe]? nou en- 

gelond • 5125 

5112. we7ide'] wende forh aj3 ; wende forj^e Se, to] forto a^e. 

5113. pe king'] om. a/3Se. cadwal] cadwallad B ; cadwallandre a^ ; 
Cadwallander ye ; Cadwallader S. al out] al J^iug e. \>at] as 5. 
§■] om. B. 

5114. vnder vonye] ■vnderfonde C ; ynou vnderfonge a; ynouj yfonge /3 ; 
ynowe y fong e. 

5115. ^] & iu /BSe, liuede] leuede C. loiif/e] wel longe a ; wel 
long 6 ; rj'^t longe )8 ; ful longe 5. 

5116. \>e nyente\>e] in ettej'e B ; in Jje nytej>e C ; in t>e nyneteoj^e a ; in l^e 
nyntene ySe. ivorl] lif C5 ; lyf a ; lijf /3 ; lyfF e. 

5117. after] for e. 

5118. seue] seuene ye. on] o a. 

5119. an] on a/88. \>is] \>e a05e. com \>us to] J^us toke his 5. 

5120. \>o] oni. Bafipe. sa.ro}is] ]^e saxons BCa^Se. ])at al one] 
alle one \>iiii $ \>o] l^us /3 ; J^o ))us e. 

5121. hirionne] gonne to afi; bygonne )?o to 5 ; ]>ei beganne to e. hulde] 
bilde a ; belde (8 ; bylde e. bulde ^ rere] arere 5. 

5122. er] erst e. yeast] ycastea; cast 7e. ivere] I^ei were e. 
i>o] al )>o B ; alle )>o C. 

5123. clene al] alle cleen e. a lout] al on C. ^wirf] &ekea5; & 
eke with /Be. 

5124. lore] lost ;8. J)o] om. ayQ5. Jjo ioj^e] bot)e J'O C. bo\>e al 
clene] all cleen bot>e e. 

5125. \>at was . . . er] >at bruteine ycleped was a; >at \>Sit Bi'uteyne 
callid was (was callid 7) /Sy ; J>an J>at Bruteyn ycleped was e, me] 
men &i clape\>] cliiped B ; cleped o ; calli)> yS ; calle it y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 373 

pe vewe j^at were of horn bileued • as in cornwaile & 

walls • 
Brutons nere namore ycluped • ac waleys ywis • vocacio 

After walon J^at was hor due • hil adde verst ]?e "»^''ilenciuin. 

name • 
& ne ml^te neuere eft ]?ls lond keuere • ac llbbej> mid 

alle ssame • 
Bote hil |?us mid seolkinge • vpe ]>e engllsse .^wende • 
& do]? eni skek feble ynou • & abbe]? ]?e worse 

ende • 5131 

Ac as ]?e angel sede er • & merlin ek biuore • 
Hil ssoUe]? ^ut keuery moche lond • ]?at hil abbe]? y 

lore • 
Al walls & al ]?e march • & al middel lond ywis • 
pat is al ]?at bituene temese • & homber is • 5135 

Al est toward londone • ])is me ssal ^ut yse • 
Ac vjDe godes wille it is • wanne it ssal be • 
Here we englisse men • mowe yse some • 
Mid woche riite we be]? • to ]?is lond ycome • 



5126. pe] po B. J>a<] om. B. of horn bileued] >o bilefd a; f>an 
bileued )3 ; jleft \>o e. as] om. a/8e. ^•] & in afie. 

5127. 7iere'] were &Se. namore'] no mo e. ycluped] callid y. 
waleys] walis C. 

5128. J)e] \>nt 5. 

5129. ne] om. 5 ; \>ei e. eft] efter B ; after y ; om. afiSe. \'is] 
the y. libbei>] liuede a ; lyued ;85e. alle] gret a$( ; miiclic 5. 

5130. scoUunye] schowynge /3 ; showynge y. vpe] vpon a; apon /3. 

5131. eni] ane a; a /35€. skek] skec BC ; seek a; skekke 5 ; checke 
/S ; cheke "y ; chiefFe. abbe]>] haue 7. 

5132. Ac] And 7. 

5133. ssoUei>] schuUe C ; shuUe y ; scliulleu e. yut] om. B. keuery] 
keouerio; keuere ye. lond] om. aj35e. \>at] of hat e. abbe))] 
haue )S ; haj? e. ylore] for lore C : lore /S. 

5135. is al \>at bituene] al bitwene for soj^e |8. 

5136. ))is] Sc i>at B. me ssal yit] ^ette me schal 5. yse] ysey B. 

5137. vpe] vpon a; apon /3. tva7me] whannet>ata; whenne t>at j3 ; 
whan Jjat e. 

5138. yse] iseoo; se /8S. so?ne] sone B; lome 5; nou some a 
nowe some j8 ; nowe sone e. 

5139. woche] whiche a- what e. be]}] buj^ a ; bene 7; ben e. I??*] 
hisse ot. ?/co7«e] come y. 



374 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[257] 
numerus 
regam 
saxonum. 



Ac ]>e -wrecche welissemen • be]? of ]>e olde more -5140 
In woche manere te abbe]? yhurd • hoii liii it abbe}? 

ylore • 
Ac }?e feble is euere bine]?e • vor hii ]?at abbej? 

mitte • 
Mid streng]?e bringe]? ofte • ]?at -wowe to ]?e ri^te • 
po brutayne was ]?us ylore • & ]?e londes name • 
To }?e name of engelond • yiurnd horn to gret 

ssame • 5145 

Seue kinges hii adde longe • as J?e king of est sex • 
Of kent of hombeiiond • of estangle of sou]?sex • 
Of ]?e march of westsex • of alle ]?es echon • 
Wule ]?er were kinges • ]?at nis nou bote on • 
Vor eche bigan to worre • mid o}?er • tSs o]?eres lond bi 

nom • 5150 

& hii of denemarch among horn • vorte alle to one 

com • 



5140. Ac"] And y. wreche] wrecchecle ^ ; wreched e, welissemen'] 
englysse men B ; walismen C ; walische men a ; walsshemen e ; waleys- 
men . 6eJ>] bu]? a ; ben e ; bene y. 

5141. abbe\> yhurd] haiie yharde y ; ban herde e 11011] om. C. it 
abbe\>] baue bit 5. abbei>] haue y ; ha}> e. 

5142. ]>e feble is euere] euere >e feble is o ; euer J^e feble is /Se ;. euer Jje 
feble ys S. 

5143. Mid] And 5. \>at waive] J^e -wowe ad; i>e vn'onge/S; \>e 
wrong e. 

5144. po] The )3. ylore] lost $. 

5145. yturnd] hit turnde a ; bit turned /8 ; J^ey tumede S. horn] 
om. Baj35e. gTfet] om. C. 

5146. Seue] Seuene ye. 

5147. kentof]'kQVLi &ofBai8e. homberlond] humbelond a, of 
soui>sex] & of sou}? sex Ce. 

5148. of ivestsex] and Westsex )8 ; & of westsaxe e. \>es] J)eos a 
echo7i] euerychone 5. 

5149. Wule] While a ; Whilom S ; Somme tyme /8 ; som tyme e. i>er] 
^es B. i>at] \>ev a$ ; ther as 5 ; J^ere e. Jiis Jiou] noujj ys B ; 
nou nys C ; nou nis a ; nou is /3 ; now ys 5 ; nowe is e. bote] boute a. 

5150. bicjaii] gan aj8 ; ganne e. worre] worry BC; worri a; worrie 5; 
werre e. mid] vp BC ; om. a ; vpou /8 ; on y^e. o)>eres] eche 
ojjer his e. lond] londes BCe. 

5151. hovi] om. o;S5e. vortc] vort a; for e ; vn to /3, a//e] it al 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 375 

pe king of west sex adde • euere ]>e ouere hond • Dominacio 

So ]7at atte laste he won • alle ]?e ojjeres lond • ^q^^ 

Ac soujpsex ne laste nozt longe • ne est sex naj^emo • 
pe king of westsex sone horn wan . bote viue nero 

]>er ])0 • 5155 

pe kinedom of ]7e marcli • ylaste longe &; wel ynou • occisio 
Vorte ]>Q kunde king seint kenelm • in martirdom me kenelmi. 

slou • 
King kenulf is fader god mon was • ]?at ]>e hous of foi. 79. 

winchecoumbe • 
Rerde uerst & |?ere li]? • him sulf in an coiimbe • 
po sein kenel ymartred was • is vnele seowulf • 5160 
King was after him ymad • ]?e kinges broj'er kenulf- 
He nas king bote on ter • ar on bernulf com • 
& ]>oru streng|;e him caste • out of is kinedom • 
T^Gbri^t was king ymad • as o|;er biuore him were • Egbnjirex 
Of west sex in 'pe yer of grace • ei^te hondred 
^ere • 51G5 



5152. kmgl kynges BCiS ; kinges o; kyngys 5; kyngges e. euere'] 
om. BCaySS. 

5153. So'] on?, a0e. Ae] hii B ; hi Ca; J)ei )8; J>ey 5. wo7i] 
wonne BCa. 

5154. Ac'\ om. a/35e. ?ie] om, Se. laste'] last B ; lasted 6. naitemo'] 
no ^6 mo a ; neuer ne mo ;8. 

5155. so7ie] om. ajSSe. wa7i] won a. 7iere \>er] l^er nere Ba; l^ere were 
/3 ; ne -were {>er 5 ; Jjer were e. \>o] no mo e. See Appendix, Note "W. 

5156. hi7iedo7n] kynge y. ylaste] laste a ; last y ; lasted e. 

5157. 'Vorte] Vort a ; Vn to j8 ; Forto e ; For C. See Appendix, Note X. 

5158. Ki7ig] om. aySe, Ki7ig kemdf is fader] His fader kenulf 5. 
\>at \>e] & J>at a/3e ; J)at 5. ioi7ichecou7nbe] "wynchom C. 

5159. jRerde] He rerde a ; He rered ;85e. li]>] he Hl^ o; he lie]? P. 
an cojimbe] an tonmbe C ; a tombe Bye ; o toumbe a ; a toumbe /8 ; 
in tombe 5. 

5160. seiTi] seint a. ke7iel] kenelm Ba5; kenelme /8e. ymartred'] 
martired B. seowulf] seewolf a ; Seewolfe )3. 

5161. after hi7/i ymad] made after him S, ymad] ymaked B ; made y. 

5162. 7ias] was I3e, on] o Ca. ar] or ye, 

5163. strenf/}pe] strengb B. caste] kyst e. kinedom] kyngdome e 
(& passim). 

5164. ymad] made y. as] and 5. ojjer] oj^ere a. 



376 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[258J 



beJlum de 
eliudon. 



occisio 
bernulf. 



Bi is daye seint kenelm • to de])e ybrott was • 
pe kinedom was J?er after lute • vor wreehe of ]?at cas • 
Vor bernolf of warn we tolde • noit ]7re ter king nas • 
Ar egbri^t king of westsex • made him fyki pas • 
Vor an bataile at elendone • hii smite mid hor ost • 
pe king bernulf was ]?er binej^e • &, binome him al Jjis 
bost . 5171 

& is folc moche aslawe • & he fley mid moche wo • 
In king egbrittes poer • is kinedom was ydo • 
Eitte hundred ter & tuenty • & sixe ]>er to • 
As in pe ter of grace • ]>is batayle was ydo • 
pe king of westsex her after • adde al J?e kinedom • 
Of ]>e march oj^er eche ter • truage of hom nom • 
In egbrittes kinedom • j^e four «fe tuentij?e tere • 
Hit was ar |?is batayle • at elendone were • 
Bernulf suj^j^e in est angle • of men of ]>e londe • 5180 
& ]?oru egbrittes poer was aslawe ich under stonde • 



>a<] 



5166. kenelm'] kenelin A. ybro-^tl brought y. 

5167. lute] lute wor}) a; litel good wor>e I3e. vor] of 7. 
J'ysS. 

5168. warn] wan B; wha a; whom e. 7ias] was j8. 

5169. Ar] Or e. made .... pas] as hitfel by cas $. fyki] feke 
B ; feky C ; fiki a ; feki 5 ; seke a newe 6. 

5170. a7i] o a; om. j8 ; a e. elendone] eliudone «; Elyndonue /3 ; 
Elyndoune e ; loudone C. hit] |>at hi a ; J^at \>&\ fi. smite] 
smete C ; smote )3. 

5171. him] om. BCo/Be. );>is] ys B ; his Ca. 

5172. is folc moche] moche of his folke €. aslawe] slayue y; sleyne e. 
§• he fley] & he fieu B ; & fley a ; & fleyj 5 ; & flowe )3 ; Jjerfor he fledde 
6. mid moche wo] mid gret pas a ; with gret pas jSe ; a grete pas S. 

5173. was ydo] was J?o BC ; l^o was oSe ; \>&tx was /8. 

5174. -ycr] om. a5. sixe] syxte B; six jeres a; six jerys S; sixty 
jeres )3 ; sixty jeeres e. 

5175. \>is] )>at afi^e. 

5177. o\>er eche] eche o)>er aySe. hom] him 5. 

5178. kinedom^ regne e J>e] om. Ca/35e. tuenti)>e] twenti a^; 
twenty ^. 

5179. elendone] elindone a ; Elyndonne e ; londone C. 

5185. of men'] >oru men BCa; Jjoru^ men /8e ; l^rouj men 5; though 

meu 7. \>e] om. B. 
5181. eghri-^les] egbri^t o. aslawe] slayne y ; ysleyue e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 377 

& ]?at folc of estangle • vnder uenge |?ere • 

King egbriit to hor souereyn • & truage him bere • 

King egbri^t was J^o prout • vor is seygnorye • 5184 luctacio 

Adelwolf is sone he sende • mid vair bachelerye • K*:°* ^*' 

-^ _ aliorum. 

To winne kent & estsex • & so]^ereye mid maystrie • 
To ]>e lond of kent • hii wende verst • mid hor chiiial- 

erye • 
Kent hii wonne timeliche • & bah-ed ]>e king • 
Fley ouer temese • & bileuede is owe |?ing • 
Estsex & sou]7sex • & so];ereye al so • 5190 

Hii wonne ar hii come a^en • & po al J'is was ydo • 
Egbriit king of westsex • al |?is to him nom • 
Al to be vnder him • & vnder is kinedom • 
Al )7at lond bisouj^e • clene he adde ]>o • [269] 

Vnder him oj^er in is hond • winne he Jjotte mo • 

• Adehuolf' foi. 79 b. 

Aien horn of norj^humberlond • mid ost he com at dore • luctacio 
Hii dude him anon hor manhede • & ne contekede ^^^ ^'^' 
nammore • 

5182. v7ider uenge'} vuderuonge B. J'cre] J>o }>ere aS; Jjau J^ere 0; him 
\>o )3ere e. 

5183. Aor] om. ajSSe. truage] seruage B. him'] to him e. 

5184. prout] prout yuou C; proude y ; prowde e. is] \>\s /3. 

5185. vai}-] vayre B; om. 5. 

5186. so]>erei/e] soj^ereijea; southerey7; Sou}')>erey e. 

5187. To ]?e lond of] In to ajSSe. wende] went e. hor] alle hereS. 

5188. Kent] And kent e. hii'] he ;Se. loonne] wonde B. time- 
liche] li^tiiche /3. 

5189. Fley] Fleu B. temese] temese anon o; Temese anone ;85 ; 
Themys a noon e. bileuede] bilefde a ; lefte ^ ; left e. 

5191. a-yen] a)e a. 8f] om. o/SSe. ]>o] when /8. ydo] do y. 

5193. Al] Ase a ; As iSe; om. C. to be vnder him] vnder him to beo 
(be ^e) afie ; vndir him to be 5. 

5194. Al] And S. he] we 7. \>o] also BCa/3Se. 

5195. o);>er in] 8i oJ>ere to a ; & ot>er on S ; & )>at o>er to P; 8c ol^er to ye. 

5196. com at dore] goune go /3 ; gunne a dore e. dore] doyre B. 

5197. him anon] anon hym C. him . . . manhede] him manhede anon a ; 
him honoure ynou^ /3 ; him homage anone 5 ; to him manhode a noon e. 
Sf ne contekede] & coutetekked 5 ; ))at ^ei contected e ; & wij^stode him 
^. 7iammoTe] noujt jjo fi. 



378 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po ]:'e king egbri^t adde ybe king • J)re & {^ritti ^er • 
pat folc of denemarch hider com • as it adde ydo er • 
Schej^eye liii robbede verst • & snype Innore mo • 5200 
Ac ]ye king egbri^t horn drof a^en • ar hii dude to 

moche wo • 
po king egbritt adde ybe king • seuene & ]7ritti ^er • 
He deyde as a noble mon • ac is londes he delde 

er . 
Adelwolf is eldore sone • he ^ef ]?o al west sex- 
pat was as is eritage • & su]:>]?e al sonj^sex • 5205 

His longore sone aj^elston • he lef & kinedom • 
Of kent &5 of estsex • J^at of is porchas com • 
Hit was ei^te hundred ^er • & nyene «& j^ritti J^er 

to. 
As in ]?e ter of grace • ]?at he deyde so • 
[260] Of l^e batayles 'of denemarch • j^at abbe]? ybe in ]?is 
londe . " 5210 

Guerra pat worst were of alle o];ere • we mote abbe an 

danorum. j^^j^^jg . 

5198. po i>e king'] pekyng B ; po aSe ; Wheune ;8. yhe king'] kyng ybe e. 
ybe] bene y. 

5199. pat] pet B ; The S. it] hi C ; ^ei $S ; l^ey 5. ijdo] do y. 

5200. Schei>eye] Ssepeye B; Schepeie C; So>eri^e o; Southerey -> ; 
Sou)>)?erey /8e. Innore] ot>er B ; inner C/S. mo] also j3. 

5201. horn drof] drove hem y. ayen'] a^e Ca. to moche] more 
a;8e. 

5202. po] Whenne ^. king] om. afi^e. ybe king] kyng ybe Be ; kyng 
ibe C ; king ibeo a ; kynge ben j8. seuene] \>ve. C. 

5203. a] om. C ; o o. 

5204. eldo7'e] vldere a; eldeste B; eldest /35. 

5205. as] al oj8 ; alle e. sou]>sex] Sou)>sax e. 

5206. -tongore] )onge e. a]>elston] adelston a;3e. je/] jaf a5 ; 
pue /3e. %^] & >e BC ; J^e a^Se. 

5207. estsex] Estsax e. See Appendix, Note Y. 

5208. 9. Omitted in y. 

5208. Sf nyene §• \>ritti] & nyne trytty B; & )>[r]itti a ; & fyfty jere 
i3 ; & fyfty ^eer e. 

5210. batayles] batailc aj3 ; Bateil 5 ; batelle e. abbe\>ybc] hii dude B ; 
hi dude Ca ; J>ei dide /3 ; J>cy dud S ; |>ei dude e. 

5211. worst were] was worst a5 ; worst was j3e; worste was y. o\>ere] 
om. a;3e ; ))e oj^ere 5. abbe] nou habbe o ; nowe haue fie. an"] on o ; 
in E. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 379 

Worst hii were vor oj^ere • somwanne adde ydo • 
As romeins & saxons • & wel wste ]?at lond ];er to • 
Ac hii ne kepte hit holde nott • bote robby & ssende • 
& destrue & berne & sle • & ne cou]?e abbe non 

ende • 5215 

&; bote kite it nas worj? • l^ei hii were oiiercome 

ylome • 
Vor mid ssipes & gret poer • as prest ef sone hii 

come • 
King adelwolf of )?is lond • king was tuenty ler • 
pe deneys come bi him • riiiore ]?an hii dude er • 
Vor in }>e allor verste ^er • of is kinedom • 5220 

Mid J>re & ]?ritti ssipuol men • hor prince hider com • 
& at sou]?hamptone ariuede • «fc at an haiiene bisoiij^e • 
An opev gret ost J>ulke tyme • ariuede at portes- 

mouJ?e • 

5212. Worst] First /3e. hit were"] hitwasa/3e; it was 75, vor] 
fore 5. somwanne adde] adde somwanne B ; hadde sumwhanne a ; 
hadde som whaune C ; hadde sumwhan 5 ; hadde somme tyme /3 ; had 
somwhat e. 

5213. romeins Sf saxons] ]>e Romeyns & ^e Saxons e. wel wste] kept 
wel e. wste] wuste Ba ; wust C ; kept j8. i>at] l>e e. 

5214. hii . . . noyt] J>ei kept hit no^t for to holde e. hit holde] holde 
hit 5. hit holde 7ioyt] noujt hit holde /3. 7-obbi/ §• ssende] to 
robbe & to shende e. 

5215. destrue] destrie C; destruyje a ; destroyed e. §• bertie] berne o; 
brenne ; brende e. sle] slow^e e. ne] om. 5e. 

5216. lute] lite C ; litel 7; lytel e. it] his C. 7ias] was 5e. ]jei] 
Jjouj e. were ouercome] ouercome were e. 

5217. as] al C. ef] eft C/35 ; efte oe. 

5218. adelwolf] adelwold 5. king tvas] was kynge 5. tuentij ^er] 
\>o e. 

5219. bi him riuore] ryuore bi him a ; ryuere by him /3e ; more ryue by 
him 5. riuore] ryuor B. er] euere er afi ; ciier ere S ; euer 
er €. 

5220. allor] al our B ; aire a ; al>er 5 ; om. j8e. verste] vorst B ; furst 
o;3. of] al of j8 ; alle of S. 

5221. Jpritti] thirty 7. men] of men ;S5e. 

5222. §" at a7i] an BCa; at /Se. an] i>e /8. hauene] hauene >at is 
o)3 ; hauen Jjat is e. 

5223. A71 o)>er] & on oj^cr a ; And anoJ>er /8 ; And a no>er e. \>ulkc] 
bat o;8e. 



aduentus 
danoriim. 



380 THE CHRONICLE OF 



Victoria 
danorum. 



pe king nuste we];er kepe • is ost he delde atuo • 
pe deneys adde J>e maystrie • ])0 al J^is was ydo • 5225 
& bi estangle & ludeseye • hii wende vor\> atte laste • 
& so ham ward al by kent • & slowe & barnde vaste • 
Aten winter hii wende horn • ano];er ^er eft hii come • 
destructio & destruede kent al out • & londone nome • 

londonie. P^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ }^^ ' ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ bro^te ]7er doune • 

So ]?at in ]?e tepe ter^ of ]?e kinges croune • 5231 

victoria j^ bisou]?e hii come alond • & ]7at folc of somersete • 

britaunie poru ]>e bissop alcston . & j^at londfolc of dorsete • 
per alcstou 

'/}'<^^T?^- . Adelwolf. 

fol. 80. '' 

Hii come & smite an batayle • & J^ere \oy\\ godes 

grace • 
pe deneys were al binej^e • & |^at lond folc adde \q 

place • 5235 

& more prowesse dude )?o • jmn j^e king mitte biuore • 
peruore gode bonde men • ne be]> nott al vor lore • 

5224. we\>er'] whaber C ; where e. kepe'] to kepe jSSe. is ost he 
delde'} ac deled his ost (oste S) C5 ; ac delde his ost a ; at delde ys ost B ; 
but delte his ost e ; but departed his ost j8. 

5225. Jjjs] om. B. ydo"] do y. 

5226. ludeseye'] lyndeseye B ; lyndeseie C ; lindesei^e a ; lyadesey S ; 
bi lyndesey yS ; by lyndesey e. vor\>] om. 5. 

5227. al] om. S. slowe Sf barnde] barned & slou 5. barnde] 
brende e ; brent y. 

5228. wende] went ;8. horn] hem B. ano)>er] on oJ>er a. 

5229. destruede] destrude Ba. nome] ek hi nome a ; eke J>ei 
nome /Be. 

5230. an] a ^e. Vis] ]>2it B. \>er] here ye ; ny^e 5. doune] adone j8 ; 
adoune y. 

5231. )>e te\>e] \>eo)pe a ; \>e o\>Qv j8 ; J^e secunde e. 

5232. alond] on londe y. \>at] J)et B. somersete] somesete C. 

5233. alcston] adelston CjSe ; aleston a. )pat] J>et B. londfolc] 
folc Ba ; folke j8 ; folk Se. 

5234. smite] smete C ; smote j8 ; smytte e. a?*] o a ; om. )3e. ]>ere] 
om. S. 

5235. were] om. j8. ^ Vat] & t>e C ; )>e ai35e. 

5236. dvde \>o] J^au dide /8. }>o] om. C. wu'^<e] dude oe ; dide /8 ; 
ded 5. 

5237. bo7ide 7«en.] lond men BC5; londe men y. ne] om. Se. 6ejj] 
be C ; buj> o ; ben e ; bene y. vor lore] verlore B. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 881 

pe king was ]>e boldore J^o • Sz ]>q more a^en horn [2gi] 

drou • 
& is foure gode sones • woxe uaste ynou • 
Adelbold & adelbri^t • adelred & alfred • 5240 jjij g^j 

pis was a stalwarde tern • & of gret wisdom & red • ^egis. 
& kinges were alle foure • &i defended wel ]?is 

lond • 
& ]7e deneys dude ssame ynou • & )?at me vol wel 

fond • 
In ]>e sixte])e 2 ere • of ]?e kinges kinedom • primus 

Is eldoste sone adelbold • gret ost to him nom • 5245 fiiius capit 
& is fader also god • & o|?er heyemen al so • 
& wende a^^en J^is deneys • p>at moclie wo adde ydo • 
Vor mid tuo hondred ssipes & an half • at temese 

mou]?e hii come • 
& londone • & kaunterbury • & o]7er tounes nome • aduentus 
& so vor]; in to so|?ere3^e • & slowe & barnde vaste • danorum. 
pare |?e king & is sone • horn mette atte laste • 5251 Beilum. 



5238. ]>e boldore] J^e baldore a; balder )3 ; bolder 7e. \>e more ate7i 
homi a^en hem (hom C ; ham a) |je more BCa/3 ; a^ea hem more 5 ; 
a^eyn hem ]>e more he e. 

5239. ffode] godes B ; %onge a/Se. tvo.vel ^^'oxen 5; waxed e. uastcl 
stalwor))emen e. 

5240. Adelbold] Edelbold B. adelred] Edelred B. 

5241. pis was] Thise were e. a stalwarde tern] stalworjje men e. 
tern] teme /8 ; tyme C. red] of rede e. 

5242. were] om. C ; i>ei were e. alle] al B. defended] defendedeBo. 
wel] al wel j8 ; wel al 7. 

5243. &f \>e] An B ; And to 5. )>e de7ieys dude] dude J^e danys e. 
§•] om. C. me] men e. vol wel] se\>\>e wel a ; sithe wel /3 ; wel 
sithe 7 ; sethe 5 ; si^J^e wel e. fond] ifond a. 

5244. \>e] om. B. sixte)i>e] sixte 7 ; sixtene e. ))e] mo ^ys 5. 

5245. eldoste] vldeste a. ost] power a;3Se. nom] nome B. 

5246. yod] good power /3 ; om. e. o)>er] o)>ere Bo. al so] mo o/35e. 

5247. moche .... yrfo] had dou muche wo 5. 
5248 ssipes] shipfuUe e. an] on a. 

5249. o\)er] oJ>ere a. nome] \>ey nome 5 ; mo }>ei nome €. 

5250. ^ s/owe] }?ei slowe e. barnde] brende e ; brent 7. 

5251. king ^ is sone] kyngys sonues 5. so7ie] sones a/8;sonnese. 
Ao?H me«e] mette ham o ; mette hem /SSe. 



882 THE CHRONICLE OF 

per was batayle strong ynou • ysmite in an ]7rowe • 
pe gode kni^tes leye adoun • as gras J?at me do]? 

mowe • 
fluuius Heueden ]jat were of ysmite • & o|?er lymes al so • 
fnWr' Flote in blode al fram ]>e grounde • ar ]>e batayle were 

ydo . 5255 

Wanne ]?e blod stod al abroc • nas ]?ere wo ynou •• 
Nis it reu]7e vorto hure • j^at so me folc slou • 
Ac vre suete louerd atte laste • ssewede is suete 

gTace • 
& sende ]:'e cristine englisse men • J7e maystrie in ]>e 

place • 
& l^e hejiene men of denemarcli • binej'e were echon • 
Nou nas ]fev ^ut in denemarcli • cristendom 

non . 5261 



5252. per was"] And was ;8 ; And y ; And J>er was e. ysmite] hi 
smite o ; }>ei smote ;8 ; }>ey smytten 5 ; J^o ]pQi smytte to geder e. 
in an ]>rowe'\ in a t>rowe C5 ; in o Jrowe afi; on o J>rowe y ; in J^at 
prowe e. 

5253. pe gode kni-^tes] pat >at folc a ; That J>ei )8 ; So t>at J>ei e. gode] 
godes B. leye] leije a ; lay /3e ; leyn 5. adoim] doun 5. J?a< 
me do\>] wan mede)? B ; whanue me do]? C ; whanne me dej^ a ; when 
men do)> )8e ; when men do y ; whan me de> 5. 

5254. Heueden] Hefden a ; Heedes /8e. of ysmite] of smyte C; of 
smytte j8 ; smytte of e. o\>er] o)pQV& a. 

5255. Flote] Flete B. Flote .... grounde] At \>& grounde flete in 
blod a ; That J^e grounde flette al in (on 7) blode fiy ; Fram \>e grounde 
floten in blode 5 ; At l^e grounde }>ei flette al in blode e. ydo] do 7. 

5256. ]>e] Jjat BCa. stod] was o/3Se. al abroc] al abrod B ; as a 
broke C5e ; as o brok o; as one broke j8. nas i>ere] vas >>er B ; was 
Jjer nou^t ;8 ; was i>eT nojt e. wo] gret wo B. 

5257 in ;3 follows 5259. Nis it] "Was it noujt )8 ; Is hit no)t e, vorto] 
to aj85e. hure] here ;8e. so me] me so BC5 ; men so 7. so 

me folc] me folc so a ; men folk so )8e. 

5258. suete] om. ojSSe. 

5229. sende] he sent e. fjep/ace] place C; >at place e. 

5260. q/"] /3. jrcrc] sone I'd were e. echon] euerychone 5. 

5261. Nou] No 7; None e. was] was /35e. ^?<<] not 7; om. e. 
cristendom] jit cristendome e. ho?j] rijt nou a ; ryjt none j8 ; ryght 
none 5 ; ryjt nonne e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 383 

pe king |)er after to holy chirche • is herte pe more 

di'ou • 
&; tej'egede wel al is lond • as hii a^te wel ynou • 
Seint swithin at wincliestre • bissop ])0 was • ^tuwni & 

& alcston at ssireboiu-ne • ];at amendede moche pis aicston. 

cas • 52G5 

pe king was wel j^e betere man • J^oru hor beyre [202] 

red • 
Tventi winter he was king • ar he were ded • obitus 

At winchestre he was ybiired • as he 11); tut f^ere • adeiwoif. 
His tueye sones he tef is lond • |?at eldoste were • 
Adelbold }>e eldore ]>q kinedom of estsex • 5270 

& sou}>sex adelbri^t • & kent & westsex • adeibri^t 

iit rex. 

' Aldred - Alfred ' foi.sob. 

Ei^te hundi-ed ^er it was • & seuene & fifty al so • 
After |?at god an er]7e com • ar j^is dede were ydo • 



5262. J>er after'] her after B ; om. alide, is herte'] J)er after a ; ]>er 
aftir euer j8 ; therofter euer y ; afterwarde S ; here after e. \>e more] 
more S ; more he e. 

5263. teWgede] te>egade C ; tij>ed y3 ; tyj>ed e. al] & al BC. is] 
\>js S. hii] he 5. hii a'^te] hii aute C ; he haute a ; he au)t /3 ; 
he aiighte y ; he was tau^t e. 

5265. alcst07i] aleston Ca; Adelston fie; Adeleston y, ssirebourne] 
syrebourne B ; schereborne C ; schirebourne « ; Shyrebouroe e. 
moche] wel ojSSe. \>is] ]>e S. 

5266. was] om. A. hor beyre] bo^ her e. beyre] boj^e /85. 

5267. winter] ^eer e. were] was /8. 

5268. was] \\\> a ; \[e\> fi ; lyi^e e. ybiired] buryed fi. as ... . \>ere] 
in l^e abbei^e of J'e byde o ; m]>e Abbay at ]>q hide yS ; in >e Abbey at 
J^e hyde e. //> yut] yut li> B ; ^ut ly> C. 

5269. \>at eldoste were] as he by^et ham ere B ; j^at couj'e is wel wyde ae ; 
J>at cou>e is ryjt wide j8. 

5270. Adelbold] Adelbode 5. ]>e eldore] i>e vldere a ; his elder sonue 
had e, 

5271. sou\>sex] suj't'e B. 6f ke7it] kent B. c^] & eke C«5e ; & also i8. 
westsex] estsex A. 

5272. yer] om. A. §" setce7ie] seuene ayS; seueu /8. 

5273. a7i] on o5e; in /3. ar] J)at BCojSSe. zvere] was BCajSe. 
ydo] do /8. 



384 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Obitus 
adelbold. 

adelbri^t 
fit rex. 



guerra. 



obitus 
Adelbriit. 



Bo|?e hii wuste bi here time • wel hor kinedom • 

Ac ]?e vifte ler adelbold • god of liue nom • 5275 

Ac at ssirebourne he was ybured • & is broj'er adel- 

bri^t . 
pis kinedom adde after him • as lawe was & ri^t • 
Bi is daye ]?e worre com • of ]?e he]?ene men wel prout • 
In hampte ssire & destruede • wincestre al out • 
& |?at folc of hamtessire • hore red j^o nome • 5280 

& of barcssire & fo^te • & ]>e ssrewen ouercome • 
Adelbriit was king • teres foUe tene • 
Sz of westsex bote vine • ])o he deyde ich wene • 
T^debed was after him • king ymaked in J?e place • 
Eitte hundred ter & seuene & sixty • as in ]>e ^er 

of grace • 5285 

pe verste ler of is kinedom • |?e deneys ]?ikke come • 
& robbede & destruede • & cites faste nome • 



5274. wuste] kept jSe ; kepte 5. here'] hore C. 

5275. Ac] At B ; Ac at a ; But at fie. yod of Hue] out of hys (>is C) 
lyue BC ; oute of pys lif 5 ; out of his lyue a ; oute of his lyfe /3 ; out 
of his lyfFe e. nom] nome B ; com Ca ; come /SSe. 

5276. Ac] om. BCa^Se. ssirebourne] scherebourne C. ybured] 
buryed fi. 

5277. pi's] His BCajSe. adde after him] he nam to him a ; he nome 
to him Se ; he toke to him ^ ; to him he toke 7. was] wolde /Se, 
^] om. C. 

5278. ]?e worre .... men] )>e four)>e tyme was Jjat \><i hej>en men come e. 
worre] verde B ; verd C ; ferde a^ ; fere 5. men] om. Ca)85. wel] 
ry>t ^. 

5279. In] And B. In hampte ssire] In hampte chyre C ; pat 
hampteschire a ; That hamptschire ;85 ; That hamshyre e. ^ destriiede 
wincestre] & wynchestre destrued C ; destrude & wiuchestre a ; distroied 
& Wynchestre ;8 ; destruyd and wynchester 5 ; destroyed and Wyn- 
chestre e. 

5280. )>at] J>o 5. folc] londfolc BC. \>o] om. 5. 

5281. barcssire] barcchyre C. ^ fo-^te] J>ei foujtten « . ssrewen] 
schrewes ;8e ; shrewes 7. 

5282. king] kyng of kent BC« ; king of kent a ; kynge of kent j85. 
folic] ful e. 

5284. Edelred] Adeked BCaS. king ymaked] imad kyng a ; ymade 
kynge S ; made )3. ymaked] ymad BC ; I made e. in )>e] on ]>e 
a)8S ; in )jat e. 

5285. "^er] om. BjSe. sixty] fifti C. as in \>e] om. ci/85e. 

5286. Yihke] J^ycke B ; )>ykke C ; J^icke a/Se ; thikke 7 ; J'yk 5 ; J>ilke A. 

5287. cites] tounes a ; towncs j8Se. faste] vaste B. nome] J>ei nome e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 385 

Maistres hii adcle of hor ost • as it were dukes tueie • hinguar & 
Hinguar & hubba • pat ssrewen were beye • 
In estangle liii bileuede • to reste horn as it were • 
Mid hor ost alle winter • of ]>e verste ^ere • 5291 

pe o]7er ler hii dude horn vor]? • & ouer bomber come • [2C3] 
«&:; slowe to grounde & barnde • & euerwik nome • Euerwik. 

per was bataile strong ynou • vor islawe was ]?ere • 
Osric king of humberlond • & monie J?at wi]? him 
were • 5295 

po humberlond was bus yssent • hii wende & tounes occisio 

' osnc regis. 

nome • 
So ]7at atte laste • to estangle a^en hii come • 
pere hii barnde & robbede • & ]?at folc to gi'ounde slowe • reditus aci 
& as wolves among ssep • reuliche hom to drowe • 
Seint edmund was |70 hor king • & ]>o he sey |?at 

deoluol cas • 5300 

pat me morj^rede so ];at folc • & non amendement 

nas • 

.'5288. Maistres'] Mistres a ; Maistrisse y ; Mastryse e. o/"] wih e. 

if] J>ei e. tueie] two j3 ; tweyne 5. 

5289. Hinguar] hynggar e; kyngar y. hubha] hulba A. were heije] 
ho^e were ho ;8 ; were bothe tho y ; were beyue 5. 

5290. hii bileuede] bi bilefde a ; >ei abode e. 

5291. Mid] And 5. alle] al l^e B ; al hat Cct;8e ; alle \>^t 5. of] ase 
of o ; as of )35e. verste] vorst B ; fest 5. 

5292. pe] pat aj35e. jer] om. y3. hii dude] \>q put 5. come] >ei 
come 6. 

5293. barnde] brende «; brent y. nome] hi nome a; )?ei nome /Se; 
\>&j nome 5. 

5294. bataile] a batelle e. islawe] yslayne e ; slayne y. 

5295. monie] mani^e a. jot>] myd C ; mid a. 

5296. JjMs] om. 5. yssent] yssendB ; yschende C; ichend a ; shent y. 
wende] went forj^e e. 

5297. to estangle ayen] a^en to estangle oy3 ; ajeyne to Estangle S ; a^eyn 
to Estangle e. hii] hym B. 

5298. pere hii barnde] And brent /3. Sf i>at] & aj35e. 

5299. reuliche] ru>efullye 5. to drowe] drowj 5. 

5300. §• 1)0] }>o aSe ; when j8. sei/] se 7? . )>af] J)e C5. 

5301. me] men € ; >ey S. so j5«</o/c] so >e folk 5 ; so j^icke J>e londes ^ 
folk €. 7jas] Jjer nas ae ; >er was j3 ; >ere was 5/ 

K B 



386 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He ches leuere to cleye him sulf • J^an such sorwe 

yse. 
He dude him vor]? among is fon • nolde he no]>ing 

fle. 
Martiriimi Hii nome him an scourgede him • & su]?]7e naked him 

saucti Ed- ■, i 

mundi. bounde . 

To an tre & to him ssote • & made him mony a 

wounde • 5305 

pat ]>e arwen were on him so J>ikke • ]7at no stede nas 

on him bileued • 
Atte laste hii martred him • & smite of is heued • 
Nona acies pe sixtej'e ler of ]?e cournement • of aldred j^e king • 
A ny we ost com in to J>is lond • gret ]7oru alle ]?ing • 

fol. 82. . Aldred • Alfred • 

& anon to Redinge • robbede & slowe • 5310 

pe king & alfred is bro]7er • nome men ynowe • 



5302. to] oin. ajSS. \>a}i'] ]f>a,t B. ?/se] to ysey B ; to se /8. 

5303. isfmi'] bam a ; hem jSe. nolde'] wolde ;85. nolde he noYing"] 
for no >ing wold he e. 

5304. Hii'] & hi a ; And Jjei j3e ; And J^ey 5. nome him] nome oe ; 
toke |3. an] & BCa/85 ; and e. naked] maked a ; made /3 ; in 
}>at place e. 

5305. an] a B-ye ; one a. ssote] schete C. made] jaf 5. him] in 
him 6. mony a] many^e o a. 

5306. Vat] om. ajSSe. arweri] arewe B ; arewene a ; arewesjS; arowes e, 
were] weren a. on] in e. so] Jjo B. \>ihke] J^ilke A. no stede nas 
on. him] no stede nas B ; no stede nas bar C ; nas nout bar a ; >er -was 
nou^t bare /3 ; J>er nas on him bare 5 ; j^erc was no bare e. bileued] 
byleuede B ; bilefde a ; leued 0; yleued €. 

5307. smite] smiten a ; smote j8; smotenS; smytten e. heued] hefdea; 
heed e. See Appendix, Note Z. 

5308. sixte\>e] syxte Bf ; sixte aS; sixt 13. o/\>e . . . king] of >e kyng 
Adelreds crownyng e. cournement] croimement B ; corounement a ; 
coroment y. aldred] Aldered B ; adelred a. 

5309. ^] a ; one y. 

5310. 8^] ova. aySSe. Redinge] Eedinges toii S. robbede] hi robbede a ; 
J>ei robbed e ; >iey robbed S ; J^ei brent & robbed $. 

5311. Sf alfred] Adelred e ; Adelfred Sc S. nome men'] men nomeu a : 
men toke j8 ; toke men S ; ^ei nome men e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 387 

& mette horn & ane batayle • smite vpe assesdoune • beilum de 

per was many moder child • j^at sone lay J^er doune • doune. 

pe batayle laste uorte nitt • & ]?ere were aslawe • 

Vif dukes of denemarch • ar hii wolde wi]?drawe • 

& mony j7ousend of oj^er men • & ]70 gonnen hii to 

fle . 5316 

Ac hii adde alle be ssent • ^if J>e ni^t nadde ybe • 

Tueye batayles her after • in }>is sulfe ^ere • 

Hii smite & at boj^e • J?e hej^ene maystres were • duo alia 

pe king aldred sone ]>o • ]?en wey of de]>e nom • 5320 ^[2*64] 

As it vel I'e vifte tere • of is kinedom • obitus 

7 aldred. 

At wymbourne he was yburd • as god ^ef J^at cas • 

pe god alfred is bro]7er • after him king was • 

A Lfred ]>is noblemon • as in ]>e yer of gi-ace he nom • ^^ ^^^^^ 

Ey^te hundi'ed «Sz; sixty • & tuelue ]>e kinedom • 

5312. Sf mette'] Mette B. awe] aB. ane batayle smite'] smite togadere 
a bataile a ; smote to gidre a Bataile B ; smytte to geder a batellc e. 
vpe] vp Ba ; apon ; vppou e. assesdou7ie] asschesdoune a ; Asshe- 
doim /3 ; Asshesdou 5 ; Asshedowne e. 

5313. ma7ii/] mani^e o a ; many a jSSe. \>at . . . doune] sone yieydc 
adoii 5. doune] a downe e. 

5314. laste] ylaste B ; lasted e. uorte niyt] vorto ny^t B ; forto ny^t a ; 
fouitny^t )3 ; fort nyjt S ; fourtennyjt e. were aslawe] were sleyne e ; 
ri^t slayn were ;8. 

5315. hii wolde] ]f>ey were S. tviWlrawe] hem wiWrawe }>ere 0. See 
Appendix, Note AA. 

5316. 7no?ii/] mani^e o. o\>er] o\>eve a. men] folke fi. ho] >an P. 
gon7ie7i] gonne 'Ba^e ; gan y ; gon 5. 

5317. adde alle be] alle had be 5. alle be] alle ybe B ; ben alle ajS ; 
ben al e. ssent] asseud B ; ischend a ; y shent e. ]f>e] om. al3Se. 
nadde ybe] hadde nou^t be /3 ; had ybe e. 

5318. her] J?er were aySe. ^zs] >e Ba;85 ; J^at e. 

5319. S)7iite] smiten ay ; smytten e. 

5320. pe] om. a/SSe. aldred] Aldered B ; adelred a^e ; Adelrede 5. 
))en] J^ane a ; J?e ;8e. 

5321. it vel] was in a/8 ; hit was in e ; hit byfelle in 5. vifte] vyfty B ; 
fifte>e 0/3 ; fyftene e. 

5322. wymbour7ie] winebourue a ; Wyneburne 7 ; wynebonrne f . yburd] 
ybured B ; ibured a ; buryed y. 

5323. god] gode Ba. 

5324. noble] gode a; good ySof. as] om. afle. he] om. aySSe, 

5325. ^] om. Se. \>e] here his h ; >is ■. 

B B 2 



388 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



vnctio 
alfredi per 
papam 
leonem. 



ix bella. 



Alfredus 
victus. 



Arst he adde at Home ybe • & uor is gret wisdom • 

pe pope leon him blessede • J70 he ]7uder com • 

& pe kinges croune of )?is lond • ])at in ]ns lond ^ut 

is • 
& elede him to be king • ar he were king ywis • 
& he was king of engelond • of alle jjat per come • 5330 
pat verst J?us yeled was • of j^e pope of rome • 
& siippe oJ>er after him • of pe erchebissop echon • 
So )?at biuore him • pur king nas ]7er non • 
In pe sou]?side of temese • nye batayles he nom • 
Aten pe deneys pe verste lev • of is kinedom • 5335 
Nine ler he was ]7us in J'is lond • in batailes & in 

wo • 
Ofte si];e aboue he was • & binej^e ofter mo • 
So longe J7at him nere bileued • bote pre ssiren in is 

hond • 
Hamtessire • & wiltessire • & somersete of al is lond • 



5326. i/be'] be 7. Sf"] om. 5. ffref] grete Ba. 

5327. Ie07i'] lyoun j3. 

5329. Sf elede . , . ki7ig'] Sette him on & elede (oyled j8) him a$; Sette 
on & enoynted him S ; He sette on his heed & oyled him e. elede'] 
he led B. ar"] are a ; or pSe. were king] kyng were B ; king 
were a ; kynge were j8 ; was resseyued here e. 

5330. ^] An B ; So t>at e. \>er] here e. 

5331. pat verst }i>us'] The firste >at euer e. verst i>us'] euere furst a ; 
euer furst j3 ; euer first }>at 5. yeled] ylad B ; anoiled P ; oyled e ; 
enoynted 5. 

5332. o\>er] oj^ere a. erchebissop] erchehyssopes B ; Archebysshopes e. 
echon] euerychone 5. 

5333. pur] pore B ; pu^r a. nas] was Se. 

5334. temese] Themys e. nye] nyne Ba/8 ; nyune e. he nom] \>ei 
nome j3. 

5335. verste] vorst B. of] al of /S. 

5336. Ni7ie] Nye B ; Ny^e a. in \>is] on \>is a/S. batailes] batayle 
B ; bataile afi ; batelle e. 

5337. Ofte] An ofte B; & ofte ajSSe. sH>e] se»e a; tymes 
/3. he was] om. I3e ; was B. ofter] oftere a ; wel yS. mo] 
ho 5. 

5338. 7iere] was $; ne 5; were €. bileued] by leuede B; ilefd o ; 
lefte P ; leued 5 ; ylefte e. ssire7i] shires y ; shyres e. ?«] on afi. 

6339. Hamtessire] Hamshyre €. §•] om, a/Se. M;27/essj>e] wylshyre f. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 389 

A day as he weri was • &5 a suoddringe him nom • 5340 
& is men were ywent • a visse]? • seint cuthbert to him 

com • 
Icham he sede cuthbert • to ]>& icham ywent • aparicio 

. sancti 

To bringe ]>e gode tydinges • fram god ich am ysent • cuthberti. 
Vor jjat folc of j^is lond • to simne hor wille al teue • C-^^3 
& ^ut nolle]? hiderto • hor sunnen bileiie • 5345 

poru me «& o]?er halwen • ]?at in ]>is lond were ybore • 
pat for ^ou bidde]? god • wan we be); him biuore • 



• Alfred • 

Vre louerd mid is eyen of milce • on ]7e lokej? j^eruore • 
& ]7i poer ]7e wole tine aien • ]?at ]70u ast ney vorlore • 
& )7at |>ou l^erof so]; yse • |>ou ssalt abbe tokninge • 
Vor ])ine men )7at be); ygo • to day avissinge • 5351 

5340. -4] O aj3 ; On a e. §•] om. Sf. a] o oj8. suoddringe] 
swondyng e. 

5341. §■] And as e. were ywent a visse\>'] a fihssche)> were a; a 
fyschynge were /3 ; a fysshyng were e. ywent] ywend B. vissc\>] 
fysschynge 5. cuthbert] cutbert B (& passim). 

5342. ywent] ywend B ; isend a ; I seude e ; ysent yd ; sent j8. 

5343. tydinges] tijjinge a ; tydyng e. fram] fro Se. god] heuene 
aySe ; heuen 13. ich am] ys my 5. ysent] ysend B ; sent y ; 
ywend a ; ywende e ; went ;85. 

5344. al] om. )8e. 

5345. nolle\> .... bileue] hyder to her synnes wol nojt leue e. 7iolle];>] 
nolle B ; wollen nou^t ;8 ; wol not y ; wil J^ey no^t 5. hiderto] 
herto B. smmen] synnes Ba;8 ; synnys 5. bileue] nout bileue o ; 
nou^^t bileue /3. 

5346. poru] Ac J>oru a ; But ^urgh )3 ; But \>OT\iy e. o])er] o]}eve a. 
halwen] halewen B; halewene a; lialowes jSe. in] on al3. ybore] 
borne 7. 

5347. pat . . . . bidde\>] pat bidde]) for )>e a ; pat prayeh for hee 13 i 
Whiche prayen for \>e e. \>at] J^an B. god] to god a/8Se. bei>] 
bu)> a ; bene y. biuore] biforne y. 

5348. is] om. a;85. eye?t] eijen a/3 ; yen 5 ; yjeu e. «u7cc] mercy 
j8e ; pite 5. oh ]>c loke\>] Ioke})e on |>e 5. 

5349. hi] om. o;3Se. \>c wole] he wil J^e S ; he wylle J>e e. 

5350. })e/Y)/' soJ>] J>er of J^at so)>e a; J^er of j'C soI)e 67; Jjc soJjc ^er schalt e. 
?/Ae] se €. abbe] haue 7. 

5351. i>ine] )>i €7. iet>] bu}> a; ben )3 ; bene 7. ?/^t)] ago tt)3 ; 
ygoen e. <o rfay] Jjis day ^ ; }>ys daye 5. avissinge] on fisshynge 7. 



fol. 82 b. 



390 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



regis, 
vigilacio 



aduentus 
danorum. 



In lepes & in coufles • so moche viss hii ssolle]; horn 

bringe • 
pat ech mon ssal wondiy • of so gret cacchinge • 
& more vor ]fe harde vorst • |>at }?ut water yurore is • 
pat ]>e> more at en J^e kunde • of fissinge it is • 5355 
Of serue it wel aten god • & lef me is messager • 
& ]?ou ssalt ]>i wille abide • as ich ]>e abbe ytold her • 
As ]7is king her of awok • &l of J'is sixte }>o^te • 
His vissares come to him • & so gret won of fisse him 

brotte • 
pat wonder it was tfe nameliche • vor J?at weder was 

so cold • 5360 

po leuede ]>e godemon ;wel • 'put seint cuthbert adde 

ytold • 
In deuenissire J?er after • per ariuede of deneys • 
pre & tuenti ssipuol men • al aten ]>e peys • 



5352. coxifles] kouueles a ; cowles ySe ; Couelles 5. viss] fichs a ; fissche 
j8. hii ssolle\> horii] hii ssolde hym B ; scholle a ; schulde /3 ; shul 
7 ; schul 5 ; Jjei scliul e. 

5353. }?«<] So \>dX afiSe. ssal wondry'] wondry ssal B ; wondri schal a ; 
wondre schal /35 ; wondyr schal e. 

5354. more'] i>e mor B ; J>e more a^5e, harde] om. ajSSe. vorst] 
vorste B ; forste a ; frost j8 ; froste e. i)ut ivater yurore] J^e water 
yfrore B ; ifrore nou a ; frore now so /8 ; >e water now froren 5 ; yfrorre 
uowe 6. 

5355. >e kunde] kynde ye. it] om. 5. 

5356. Of serue it] Of serue a ; Do serue j8 ; Deserue S ; And serue e. 
ayen god] a^e god a ; god l^er a^eyn e. lef] ylef B ; leue 7. 
messager] messanger e. 

5357. ssalt] ssalB. abide] haue /8. ich \>e abbe] ycham B. 
J>e abbe ytold] l^e seide nou a ; J>ee seyde nowe /8 ; >e seyde S ; J>e seid 
nowe e. her] er o. 

5358. i-is] be afie. her of] om. 0e, sixte] syjte B ; binge a; 
kynge /3 j thinge 7 ; bynge 8 ; biug e. i>oyte] him ]jou)t e, 

5359. so gret tvon of fisse] so muche fischs a; so muche fissche /3 ; so 
muche fysche S ; so moche fysshe e. 

5360. )?at ivedcr] be weder B ; be forst a ; be frost 5 ; frost /3 ; be 
froste e. 

5361. leuede] lyuede B ; lefde a. godemon] king a; kyng e; kyuge^S. 
adde] om. S. ytold] tolde ye ; him tolde S. 

5362. bcr after] after bat e. be/" ariuede] aryuede ad. of deneys] 
J>e danys e. 

5363. ?«e«] of men /35e. «/ ojt?i j^e pt'!/s] ajen be pees al at anys )3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 891 

pe kinges bro]?er of ]?e march • due of |?e ost was • 
Oure kinges men of engelond • mette horn bi cas • belhun. 
& smite ]?er an batayle • &5 hor grete due slowe .5366 
& ei^te hundred & fourty men • & hor caroines to 

drowe • 
po king alfred hurde J>is • is herte gladede ]}0 • releuacio 

pat londfolc to him com • so J^ikke so it miite go • alfredi. 
Of somersete of wiltessire • of hamtessire J'er to • 5370 
Euere as he wende • & of is owe folc al so • 
So Vat he adde poer vnou • & atte laste hii come • , [,^^^^, 

, ^ "i T bellum de 

& an batayle at edendone • a^en }>e deneys nome • edindone. 

& slowe to grounde & wonne • ])& maystrie of ]?e velde • 

pe king & is grete dukes • bigonne hom ])0 lelde • 

To king alfred to is wille • & ostage him toke • 5376 

Vor to wende out of is lond • ^if he it wolde loke • 

&; tute ]?erto uor is loue • vor to auonge cristendom • Baptizacio 

King gurmund hor hexte king • verst ]?er to com • 



5364. ]>e marcli] denemarch Ba ; Denmarche S ; Denmark ^ ; Denmarkc e. 
\>e ost] ost B ; })at ost he «. 

5366. smite] smote /8. an] o a ; a /Se. hor] \>q a^Se. sloivc] 
aslowe o ; ])er i>e\ slowe e. 

5367. men] om. e. carohies] caronyes B ; Carayues /8. to] alto e. 

5368. po] The ;35. gladede] he gladed 5. 

5369. pat] The S. londfolc] londes folke e. to him co7n] >o come to 
him S. so] ase a ; as j85. so it] so a ; as jiei fie ; as >ey S. 

5370. of wiltessire] and Wiltshire y; of wylshyre e. of] and of 5e. 
hamtessire] hamshyre e. jper to] al so afiS. 

5371. Euere] & euere o; And euer jSSe. u-etide] went e. ^] om. 
aj8Se. of is owe folc] his owne folke come e. al so] )>er to a/85e. 

5372. y7iou] y nome e. 

5373. a7i] a B ; o a. edendone] Edyndoune /S ; Edyngdonne e. nome] 
Jjei nome e. 

5374. &,- slowe] Thei slowe e. maystrie] maystre B. 

5375. pe kiny Sf is] To t>e kinge i'C a ; To \>q kynge ho /3; To ^e kynge 
Jje 8 ; To he kyng J)e e. dukes] duke B. biyonne] goune afie ■ 
gan 5. i>o] to BS ; Kiu fi ; om. e. yclde] a)elde a/8. 

5376. To] To \>e Be. alfred to is] alfredes afie. to] om. 5. 
ostage him] ostages B ; ostages him a ; ostage to him e. 

5377. is] this y. 

5378. vor to auonge] to auonge B ; to Ibuge afiSe. 

5379. King] om. /SSe. hor] he B. lie.vte] highest y ; bluest e. 



392 THE CHRONICLE OF 

King alfred is godfader was • & baptized ek j^er 

were • 5380 

pritty of hor hexte dukes • & moche of }7at folc )?ere • 

King alfred horn huld wi)? him • tuelf dawes as ]>& 

hende • 
& su|?|7e he ief horn large ^iftes • & let horn horn 

wende • 
Hii ]?at nolde cristine be • of londe flowe ]>o • 
& bitonde se in france • dude wel moche wo • 5385 



^^^- ^^- • Alfredus • • Edwardus • 

^ut J?e ssrewen come eft a^en • & moche wo here 

wro^te • 
Ac king alfred atte laste • to ssame horn euere bro^te • 
sapiencia King alfred was wisost king • J?at longe was biuore • 
Vor ]>ey me segge ]>a,t lawe s be]?«in worre tyme uor- 

lore • 



5380. baptized] ybaptised B ; ifolled a ; foiled /8 ; followed y ; fulled S ; 
y fulled e. ek"] also /3. 

5381. hexte'] highest y ; hi^est e. of\>at] o>er a5e ; o))ere ;8 ; of her 
other y. \>ere'] J>er I lere e. 

5382. Jiom huld] ham held a ; helde hem e. tuelf] tyl twelue e. 
as \>e hende] as he hende B ; were ended e. 

5383. he ^ef horn large] jaf ham a; ^aue hem $€ ; ya,{ hem 5. horn 
horn] hym B ; ham horn a ; hem home ye. 

5384. nolde cristine be] cristene nolde be o a ; cristen wolde noujt be y3 ; 
Cristen be nolde 5 ; cristen wold nojt be e. of] out of e ; owte of 5. 
londe] lond B. flowe] J^ei dude hem fle e. 

5385. §•] om. e. se] \>ti see /3. dude wel moche wo] with muche dole 
& wo )3 ; wijj muchel wo e. 

5386. ]>e ssrewe7i cotne] come ^^e schrewen a ; comen |>e schrewes /3 ; come 
\>e shrewes y ; come \>e schrewes 5e. eft] om. B. ayen] aye a, 
here] om. afiSe. 

5387. Ac] om. a$Se. king] >e kyng B. to ssame horn euere] euer to 
schame (shame e) hem /8e. 

5388. King] om. a/Se. was wisost king] wysest kynge was S, ivas] 
om. ajSe. wisost] \>e wysost B ; \>e wisest a ; J>e wysest e. biuore] 
byforn )6 

5389. \>eij] \>o\iy e. me segge] men sey ye. \)at] \>q B. lawes 
.... tipne] in worre tyme lawes beth 5. be\>] bene y. uorlore] 
ilore a ; lorn j8 ; y lore e. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 393 

Nas it nott so bi is daye • vor ];ei he in worre 
were . 5390 

Lawes he made riituolore • & strengore ]?an er were » 
Clerc he was god ynou • & tnt as me telj? me • 
He was more |^an ten ter old • ar he couj^e is 

abece • 
Ac is gode moder ofte • smale iiftes him tok • 
Vorte bileue o]>ev pley • »fe loky on is bok • 5*3 9 5 

So )>at by pur clergye • as ritte lawes he vond • 
pat neuere er nere ymad • to gouerny is lond • 
& vor ]>e worre was so moelie • of ]>e luj^er deneys • Inuencio 
pe men of )?is sulue lond • were of ]>e worse peys • rum ' 
& robbede tfe ^slowe oj^ere • J'eruore he by vond • 5400 [267] 
pat ]?er were hondredes • in ech contreye of is lond • 
& in ech toune of J?e hondred • a tej^inge were al luuencio 

decima- 
*"" • _ ^ rum. 

& |?at ech man wi]? oute gret lond • In ]>q te)>inge 
were ydo • 



5390. Nas"] Was fiS ; ^it was e. so bi is daye] bi his dai^e so a ; bi 
his day so /3 ; by hys daye so S. hi is] hiis B. vor] om. aySSe. 

5391. ri-i^tuolore] & ryjtfulle lore /8. riytiiolore Sf strengore] strengger 
& ryjtfuller e. ej- uwre] were ere 13 ; byfore were e. 

5392. Sf] ac a; but /Se ; om. S. me] men /Se. teli>] telle)) Ba; tellithy. 

5393. He .... i>an] More he was J^an ajSe. old] hold a. 

5394. is gode moder ofte] ofte his godmoder e. 

5395. Vorte bileue] Vorto by leue B ; Vorto leten a ; For to leten )35 ; For 
to lerne e. o]>er pley] ol^er J^ynges be 5 ; & to pley e. ^oky] 
loken o;3 ; loke e. is] \>e. oe. 

5396. pMr] por B. clergye] clergije a; clargie "y. as] ys B; 
his oj35e. vond] wonde B. 

5397. nere] were /85e. ymad] ymaked a ; made j85. gouerny] 
gouerne y ; goueme w' e. 

5398. worre was] wer res were ;8. so] om. y. moche] strong ae; stronge 
$S. lumper deneys] Inhere denays a ; Danys j^at wolde noujt sees ^. 

5399. sulue] same j8 ; self e. of {jc worse peys] J^erfor in }>e worse 
pees e. 

5400. Sf robbede] For eche robbed e. o\/ere] eyj^er ol'ere S. he] 
)>ei j8 ; l^e kyng e. i// yo?i</] byuonde B ; bifoude a ; hit foude e. 

5401. ech] eche Ba. is] \>q a/3S ; this y ; Hs e- 

5402. ech] eche a-y. a] o ay. were] man were 5. al so] do y. 

5403. t>e] om. Ba)85e. ^rfo] do /3. 



alfredi. 



394 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& J7at ech man knewe o]7er • J?at in te]?inge were • 

& wuste somdel of hor stat • ^if me J^efj^e vpe horn 

here • 5405 

So streit he was ]?at ]>ei me leyde • amidde weyes 

heye • 
Seluer ];at nomon ne dorste • hit nyme vor beye hor 

eye . 
Abbeys he rerde monion • In mony studes ywis • 
At winchestre he rerde on • ]?at ny we munstre ychiped 

ys • 

Obitus His lif eytte & tuenti ter • in is kinedom ylaste •5410 
After is dej? he was ybured • at winchestre atte laste • 
"L^Dward is gode sone • king was ymad ]?o • 

In ])G lev of grace nyen hundred ter • & on & 
nammo • 
Foure & tuenty ter he was king • & to more poer 
com • 5414 

pan euere is fader dude • ac no^t to so gret wisdom • 



5404. knewe'] knewena; knowen fi ; knowe e. o>er] oj^ere a. te^inge'] 
teoHnge «. 

5405. ivustel wiste a ; eche knewe e. hor stat] o>ers astate e. me 
.... hom] any man >eft on o>er e. i>ef\>e] \>u B ; >uf>e a ; ])eft 
)8 ; thefte 5. vpe] vpon y. 

5406. he] hit /3 ; it 7. \>at] om. ye. \>ei me] though men y. 
leyde] ledde B. amidde] amyddes /8 ; vpon J^e S. weyes heye] 
J^e hei^e weije a ; >e hye strete ;8 ; >e hi^e wey e. 

5407. Seluer] om. ;8 ; Syluer or gold e. nomon'] uon man B. ne 
dorste .... eye] hit durst take )>e lawe was so grete /3. ne] om. Se. 
nyme] take Se. vor beye hor eye] hey he yt seye B ; for his ei^e a ; 
fore his eye S ; for his y^e e. 

.'5408. Abbeys] Abbei^es a. rerde] rared j8 ; rered y. monioii] 

mani^e on a. In] andB. mony] manije o. 

5409. nywe inunstre] nowe mynstre /8. 

5410, 5411. See Appendix, Note BB. 
5410. in] on S. 

5412. yode] god o. ymad] made y. 

5413. jcr . . . . yer] nyne hundred yere of grace y. nyc7i] nyje o. 
yer] om. ojS. ^ o?t] om. a0e. 

5414. com] come B. 

5415. euere] euere )ut a ; euer jit ^Se. ac] hot 5. ?iOi/] boit B. 
to] om. o)38 ; of e. 



KOBEKT OF GLOUCESTER. 395 

He wan j^e kinedom of jje march • mid is dedes bolde • couquisicio 
So J'at of him he was • after warde yholde • mercie. 

& pat lond of estangle • & of norj^homberlond • conquisicio 

& walis he wan ]?oru batayle • al vnder is hond • humb^r- 

& he nas neuere in batayle • binej'e in J^is londe • loud & 

He biuond uerst an quoyntise • aten te deneys to at ! ' . 

, ^ *^ / ' M.^^ restitencia 

Stonde • 5421 contra 

Vor ]ye heye tonnes in ]>e lond • & ]?e castles j^er to • ^^^r^'^'o-. 
Mid gode knittes let astory • & mid sustinance al so • 

• Edwardus • foi. 83 b. 

So ]?at ware ]?e king were • & j^er come hor fon • 
In eche contreye prest hii were • mid ]7e lond folc anon • 
& smite mony batayle • ]?at ]>e king it nuste • 5426 
So )?at ];oru streng|?e of heye tonnes • ech contrey him 

sulf wuste • 
His soster he let spousy • |?at yhote was elfled • 
To ]>e king ]?at huld ]?e march of him • J'at yhote was 

e]7elred • 



5417. o/'] euere of a; euer of /3e. of ... . after warde] euere after- 
warde of him liit was S. he'] yt B. after ivarde] ]>ar after a ; >er 
aftir /3 ; )>ere after e. 

5418. \>at] Jpe S. §• of] and B ; & eke aSe ; and also )3. 

5419. he wan] om. a;3e. )>oru] mid a ; with /8e. 

5420. nas] was /85e. ]>is] j^isse a. 

.5421. biuond] bifond a; fonde jS ; founde y. an] one aj8; a e; om. 5. 

at stonde] anstonde B ; stonde a/SSe. 

5422. Vor] And a/SS; Al e. m >e] in J^is e. \>e] om. 5. 

5423. Mid .... astory] He astored wij? good knyjttes e. let astory] 
he let astory B ; astorede aj3 ; astored 5. al so] \>qv to By. 

5424. ware] war a ; whare S ; where y ; where euer e. \>e king] he ajSSe. 
come] comen a/8. 

5425. >e] om. aj85. 

5426. smite] smote fi ; >ei smytte e. mony] manije o a ; many a j8e ; 
manye a 5. nuste] nyst 76. 

5427. -So] om. ct/SSe. J)oy«] niyd B; mid a; with jSSe. heye] \>c 
hi^e e. him sulf ] hem self 5. ?<;?<s<e] wist iS ; kept e. See 
Appendix, Note CC. 

5428. spousy] spouse e. yhote icas] was yhote a ; was callid & ; callid 
was 7 ; was ycleped e. elfled] Alflede (3; Altied e. 

5429. jjo*] om. aSe. t//io<e was] callid was iS ; I hote he was 5. 



396 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Malicia 
edwolf 
ftatris 
regis. 



So J'at heo mid childe was • & }70^te hire so sor • 5430 
Ar ]?at child were ybore • ]?at he ne willed it nam- 

mor • 
Come nammor to f»ulke stoupe • vor me ne mi^te hire 

bringe • 
pat 10 wolde euere eft in monnes bedde • come vor 

eny )?inge • 
Ac euere sede wanne lo was • of such )?inge bisott • 
pat kinges dotter as ^o was • hit ne bi com no^t • 
Such fol delit for to do • ne such dede na]?emo • 5436 
pat were encheson afterward • of such pine & wo • 
Ac ^if J?e biginninge were ^ut • as strong as is J7e 

ende* 
Ich wene tut moni womman • |?ulke wey wolde 

wende • 
pe luj^er ed wolfwas«]?e kinges bro])er edward • 5440 
& vor pur hate aten is broj^er • held as a ssreward • 



5430. heo mid childe'] heo childe o ; with childe sche $e. Sj- \>oyte'] hit 
af]>oute a ; hit ajjoujt ; hit a >ou^tte e. so'] om. e. 

5431. Ar )>af] Er >at a; Or J>e )3 ; Or )>at e. were] was aj8f. ybore] 
borne /8. he] heo Bo ; sche )35e. ne willed it] ne wilnede a ; 
■\vilned fiS ; wylled e. nammor] no more /35e. 

5432. Come] Com B. 7iammor] more B ; om. o;3Se. vie ne miyte] 
no man my^t e. hire] yre B. 

5433. ^o wolde euere eft] heo come a ; sche come )8S ; sche wold nojt 
come 6. monnes] mannes aj3 ; mannus S ; manry« *. come vor eny] 
vor none kunnes a ; for no kynnes ^e ; for no kynnys 5. eny] non B. 

5434. euere] om. ^e. sede] heo seide o ; sche saide j8 ; sche seid e. 
such] suche B. 

5435. ^o] he B. hit] om. 5. ne] om. Be. hi covi] bicome a ; 
bycome hur e. 

5436. fol] foule ySe. such] J?e a/35e. na\>emo] no ^e mo a; ne Jjc 
mo € ; neuer J>e mo S ; neuere mo y. 

5437. encheson] encheison a. /)2He]payne e. 

5438. Ac] And 76. yut] om. |3 ; yit 7. as] om. aSe . as is \>e] 
ase J:'e latere a ; as J>e latter jSe. 

5439. "yut] y.i l^at 5. moyii womman] mani^e wimman a. womman] 
■vvommen 5. ]>ulke] )>at aj3e. 

5440. edivolf] Edolf 7. ivas] so was a;8 ; \>o was 5. 

5441. pwr] om. afi^e. hate] ate a. ayen] ayenst7. held] he 
helde e. ssrewarrf] schreward a ; scherewarde /3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 397 

[269] 

pe deneys were in hombeiiond • to horn he gan fit rex 

1 danorum. 

drawe • 

Hii auenge him vayre ynou • & were wi]; him we] 

vawe . 
& made him hor king anon • is bro];e r uor to 

ssende • 
Sone hii greyj^ede hor ost |^o • soujnvard vor to 

wende • 5445 

& asaylede estsex • & nome J'at lond anon • capcio 

Vor j?e maystres of ]?e lond • tolde hom to hom rum. 

echon • 
po wende hii in to ]>e march • & moche sorwe made • 
& robbede «Sz; destruede uaste • anon to crekkelade • 
So hii passede temese • & dude wo ynou • 5450 fugacio 

King edward sone mid is ost • toward hom drou • 
& drof hom in to humberlond • mid wel quic pas • 
Ac king edwolf ]?er after • sone aslawe was • 
Vor ]>G king edward & is men • hamward ywend 

were • 5454 

pat folc of kent aten is wille • bileuede bihinde ]?ere • 



5442. homberlond'\ uorhhumberlond a ; Northumberlonde /8 ; NorJ>luimber- 
londe €. he gan drawe] he drowe w' mayne j3. 

5443. auenge'] vnderfeDge a ; vnderfonge jSe; vndirfonge 5. wel] v\yi 
j8 ; ful S. vawe] fawe a5 ; fayne /3 ; fayn e. 

5444. ^] Thei e. 

5445. Sone hii] Aud J^ei e. hor] om. a/35. 

5446. asaylede] asayle B. nome] nom a ■ toke -yS. 

5447. of \>e] of J^at Co^e. yolde] ^ulde C ; )Oulde o; ^eldede /3; 
^elden e. hom to hom] to hom C ; to hem BySSe ; to ham a. 

5448. in to] to aySSe. 

5449. uaste] om. a)35€. to] om. y. crekkelade] crecklade C ; 
creokelade B ; krekelade a ; kyrkelade e. 

5450. So] So J'at /8. 

5451. so7ic] om. a/35e. toivard] after BC ; sone to osSe; soone to y. 

5452. drof] drove y. wel] ry^t /3. 

5453. Ac] & a/Se. \>er after so7ie] sone after e. aslawe] slayne y. 

5454. Vor i>e] Vor \>o B ; Vor bo ^c C ; po a; Whenne j8 ; The 5 ; Tho e. 
ywend] went y. 

5455. pa<] The 5. a^n] ayenst 7. hileuede bihinde }pere] yleft 
behynde Jjei were e. bileuede] bilefde a. 



398 V THE CHRONICLE OF 

bellum. po edwolf & J^e deneys • wuste horn so bileue • 
occisio rp^ i^^j^ 1^-^ smite anon • & batayle horn teue • 

pe kenteys stode vaste at en • & ]>e king edwolf 

slowe • 
Heye & lowe ]7er were aslawe • in eyj^er alf ynowe • 
King edward J^e ni)?e ter • of is kinedom • 5460 

pe castel made of liereford • & to god ende com • 

JqI g^ . Edward ■ • ^|?e[Z].stow • 

pe ler }>erafter jje deneys • wende • fram leycestre to 

Occisio ad norhamtone • 

10*^6°*^^' Toward oxenford vaste • & at hogenortone • 

[270] Slowe moehe vole ynou - &5 in ]7e contreye aboute • 
Atte laste ]>e contreye folc • com mid gret route • 
& driue hom al to no^te • & hor preye nom • 5466 
Su])|)e in ]7e endlefte ter • of ]?e kinedom • 



5456. wusie'] wiste a ; wist 7 ; vryst 5. so"] om. Ce ; J>ere so 5. hileuel 
be hynde e. 

5457. smite] smete C ; smote /8. anon'\ )>er anon o ; >er anone /8 ; })er a 
noon e. ^ batayle hom yeue'] batelle in J^at stedde e. hom'] hi 
hom C. 

5458. kenteys] Kent ers B ; kenteys men a ; kentische men /3 ; kentyssh- 
men 7 ; kentysche men S ; kentysshe men e. stode] stod a. slowe] 
\>ei slou^ /8 ; \>ei slowe e. 

5459. i>er were .... alf] in eij^er half J^er were aslawe C. aslawe] 
slayne 7 ; y sleyne e. a//"] halfe a ; side P. 

5460. 7ii]f>e] uynj^e /SSe ; nynteth 7. 

5461. §• to] J^at to a^€. god] gode B; goude C. 

5462. \>erafter] after a^Se. J>e deneys wende] wende )>e deneys a; went 
\>e Danys ;3 ; wente }>e danys e. to] & C. norhamtone] norjjham- 
tone BCa; Northampton /Be ; Northampton 7. 

5463. oxenford] oxenforde a. at] om. C. hogeiiortone] hogenorte 
B ; hogge Norton S. 

5464. Slowe] Thei slowe e. ynou] \>o 5 ; om. e. 

5466. rfrme] to dryue B ; to dreue C ; drof S; drove ye. noi^te] naut C ; 
nau^te a. preye] preyej 7. nom] hem bynom B ; hom by nom C ; 
ham binom a ; hem by nome /SSe. 

5467. Su\>\)e] Setthen S. endlefte] enlefbe a; elleiiene /8 ; ]511euenthe S ; 
eleuen)?e e. }>e] Jje kynges BCy3 ; J>e kinges a; J^e kyugs S; >>e 
kyngges e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 399 

pe cleneys come & robbede • nor]> walls vaste • dani in 

So ];at to yrclienefeld • hii come atte laste • irchenfeld. 

Out of ]?e castel of liereford • J^at folc iiaste ]>o 

com • 5470 

& of ]?e contreye al aboute • & batayle wi|^ horn 

nom • 

OCCISIO 

& slowe of hom j^e hexte due • & opev men mony- danorum. 

on . 
Hii ]7at mitte ofscapie aliue • of londe flowe echon • 
Alfled quene of ]>e march • strong wommon was «& 

^^oynte . ^ p^^b;^^^ 

In batayle & yholde • as king In eche poynte • 5475 alfled. 
Al walls 10 ouercom • & ]>e march ]7er to • '- -' 

Stafford to wan & leycestre • & warewik al so • 
& bruges & euerwik • & J^e contreye al so • 
Of euerwik to hire com • hire wille vorto do • 
At tamewurj>e heo deyde s,up])e • & ybured heo was 

ywis • 5480 

In seinte petres porche at gloucestre • as lf>e abbey 

tut is • 

5468. nor\> walls'] in norj^walis o ; in to Nor)>-walis & ; in North Walys 5 ; 
al norhwalys e. 

5469. yrclienefeld'] Irchenfelde 7S. come] comen a5. 

5470. \>e] om. B. \>at] >e 5 ; om. e. uaste \>o] )po feste a ; \>o fast 
5e ; ]>^n fast ;3. 

5472. sloioe] slou B; slowen a5 ; slouj j8. of hom] om. a)35e. \>e] 
her B ; hore C ; hare a ; here ;SS ; her 76. hexte] hext 5 ; heiest C ; 
hi^est /3e; heyest 7. o]>er] o^ere Ba. vien] om. aj85e. 

5473. ofscapie] ascapije a ; ascape ;8 ; scape e. aliue] on lyiie 7. 
of] owte of S. londe] londone a. flowe] ]>e\ flowe e. echon'] 
anon ay ; anone /8. 

5474. quene] \>e quene fi. tvommon] womwan B ; wimman o. 
quoynte] quenyte B ; queynte C ; queynt e. 

5475. Sf] om. a^Se. yholde] holde j8. king] a kyng e; akynge /35 ; 
quene B. poynte] ponyte B. 

5476. yo] heo Ba ; he C ; sche e ; she 7. \>cr to] al so a/SSe. 

5477. )o] heo Ba ; sche e ; she 7. a7 so] ]>ev to Ba;85€. 

5478. bruges] brugges a ; bryges e. al so] & al so B. 

5480. tamewur\>e] BCa; Tamworjje /Se ; camewor)>e A; Camworth S. 
ybured] buryed 7. Aeo] he B ; she 7. 

5481. at] of Ca/8Se, as] at $. 



400 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe kinedom J>o of ]>e march . king edwai'd to him 
nom • 

As in ])e sixe & tuenti|?e tere • of is owe kinedom • 
iij filij ed- King edward adde ]?re sones • ]?e eldost aj^elston • 

& edmimd & eldred • )7at kinges were echon • 5485 
obitus & Buppe he deyde at farendone • as god tef )?at 

edwardi. ^^^ , 

& in ];e munstre at winchestre • bi is fader ybured 

was • 
A J>elston was ]>o king • j^at was edwardes sone • 
& |?oru J^e heymen of ]?e lond • ycrouned at kinges- 

tone • 
In ]>e nyen hundred ter & four & tuenty • of grace 

ycrouned he was • 5490 

& bote aboute vourtene ter • king \>Qr after he 

nas • 
Holi chirche he louede wel • «fe rerde manyon • 
ortus" pe verste ter of is kinedom • ybore was seint dun- 

sancti dun- r.+nn 
stani. "^^°^ • 

5482. ]>o of] om. y. 

5483. As] & afie. tue7>ti]>e'] tuentye B ; twenti Co. ; twenty Pe; twentie 
S. owe] om. Ba/3e. 

5484. eldest] eldoste B ; vldest a. a\>elston] Adelston a ; Adelstone y. 

5485. See Appendix, NoteDD. 

5486. su]?]>e he deyde] he deied sithe ;8 ; he deyeth sythe y ; he dyed si})]?e e. 
farendone] farndone B ; farindone a ; Faryndon y ; flfaryngdon e. 

5487. in] om. y. \>e] om. B. munstre] mustre B ; mynystre C. 
at] of afiSe, ybured] he buried /3 ; buryed he 7 ; he beryed e. 

5488. A\>elston] Adelston ay. 

5489. \>oru )>e] J>oru C. heymen] heye men B ; heije men a. ycrouned] 
crowned 7 ; he y crowned was e. 

5490. In he] om. B. ]>e nyen] J^e nyje a ; nyn}>e fi ; nyne 7 -^er] 
^er of grace Ba ; jere of grace j8 ; jeer of grace e. jer ^ four Sf 
tuenty] & xxiiij'' jere S. of grace] om. BojSe. ycrouned he] 
crowned he S ; hit a/3e. 

5491. Sf] om. 7. bote aboute] aboute B ; bote a; hot 5; but ;8e. 
vourtene] an fourtyne B ; an vourtene C ; a fourtene S ; ane viftene a ; 
a fiftene /3 ; fyftene e. jer] yere fully 7. Anf^- her a/ter] king 
after >an ae ; kynge aftir hanne j8 ; after kynge S. nas] was Be. 

5492. Holi] Holije a. manyon'] manije on a. 

5493. ^e] & Jjc a/3e. ybore] borne 7. dunston] donston a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 401 

Nywe abbeys he made vaste • ]>e gode aj^elston • emendacio 

& |;er nas of olde house • in ]?e londe non • 5495 rum.'°^°" 

pat he ne amendede wij? som lond • oJ?er mid buld- 

inge • 
Oj^er mid boc oj^er riche clo)^ • oj^er som oj^er riche 

J)inge . [272] 

Norbhomberlond he wan • & walis & seotlond • conquisicio 

bibcrQiG 

& ]?e kinges & hor lond • heold al in is bond ' ^allie 

scocie. 
fol. 84 b. 

. A]>elston • 

Him l^otte it was more nobleye • ])o he adde an honde 
al >is . 5500 

Vor to maky kinges • J?an to be king yivis • 
Aien he made kinges • ]?at kinges er were • 
Bote Jjat hii were vnder him • & truage him 

bere • 
po hii adde hor lond aten • |?e king of seotlond • j.^^ scottie 

Constantin & analf • king of homberlond • 5505 & humbrie 

sequuntur. 

5494. J)e] >ys B5 ; i>\s ajSe. gode'] good kynge S ; good man e. 
ai>elstcm'] adelston afi. 

5495. ^] om. e. 7ias o/] was none /Se. oWe] holde a. house] 
houses 8. J?e] )>is e. londe'] loud B. ?/o?t] nout on a ■ nou)t 
on /3 ; nojt one e ; neuere one 5. 

5496. \}at .... amendede] But l^at he amended hit e. ivi];>] myd B ; 
mido. som] om. a/SSe. biddinge] byldynge B ; beldynge y; beldyng e. 

5497. o]>er] ol^er with $5; or wi> e. oi>er] oj^ere ajS ; or Se. som 
o]>er riche] o)>er ryche B ; ouj^er riche C ; o>er riche 5 ; mid o>er a ; 
•m\> oJ)er /Se. 

5499. ^ )>e] The 6. hor lond] \>q kinedoms a ; J?e kyngdomes /3 ; j^e 
kyngdome e. heold] held B ; huld a ; helde /Se. al] om. ye. 
in] on a/3. 

5500. Him] He C. it was] om. a;85e. Jjo] J)at a;8S. a?;] in a; 
in his )3e. honde] hondes e. «/ b^'s] bis a/3 ; ywys e. 

5501. For] &vora; And for /3e. maky] maki^e a ; make B/Se. to 
be] be a. 

5502. made] made horn C. >«<] her a. er zi-ere] were eve y. 

5503. 5o<e] And e. 

5504. /ui rt(/c?e Aor] he hadde his 5. hoi- lond a-^en'] ayen ther loude y. 

5505. analf] analaf BCa/SSe. 

C C 



402 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



rex 

humbrie 
cum lira. 



eclie 



1510 



Vpe ]>is king aj^elston • gaderede men ynowe • 
& here bisouj^e humber • mid hor ost drowe • 
Analf was god kni^t • Sz stalwarde & quoynte • 
Menestral he was god ynou • &5 harpare in 

poynte • 
To aJ?elstones pauylon • mid is harpe he wende ■ 
& so wel wi]?oute harpede • ]?at me after him sende • 
pere he harpede so wel • J^at he payde al ]>e route • 
Ac euere were is eyen • in eche hurne aboute • 
licenciacio After mete ]>o hii nolde • nammore of is pley • 

Hii leue him siluer uor is gle • & lete him go is 

wey • 5515 

Of ]>e siluer he adde hoker • vor he ne com j^uder 

vor non • 
Ac is wille he adde \>o he sey • ]>e stat of is fon • 
On ]^at adde ybe mid him • ]?e king tolde J^er • 
pe king him blamede j^o • J?at he nadde ytold him 



accusacio 
eius. 



er 



5506. Vpe Jjjs] Vpon )>e a ; Apon the y ; Vppon ]>e e. a])elston'] 
adelston a. gaderede] hi gaderede a ; j>ei gadered fi ; Jjey gadred 5 ; 
)>ei gadred e. 

5507. drowe'] hi drowe a ; \>e\ drou^ ^ ; J^ei drowe e. 

5508. Analf] Analaf BCajSe, was] om. e. god] godeB; goude C ; 
a good S ; jje good e, ^] was e ; om. a/85. stalwarde] stalward 
B ; stalewoi'J'e o ; a stalwor]>e mau e. quoynte] queynte BC ; 
queynt e. 

5509. Menestral] Mynstral C ; A mynstrel e. god] gode B. 8f 
harpare] an harper e. 

5510. a\>elstones] a>elstonB; Adelstones 7. 

5511. wi^oute harpede] he harpede wi>oute o ; he harpid with oute /8 ; he 
harped w' oute S ; he harped w' out for)je e. me after him] after him • 
me aS ; aftir him men y3 ; after him men e. sende] sente fi, 

5513. were] was ;8. hurne] hyrne e. 

5514. hii nolde] J^ei no wolde /3 ; wolde J>ei no)t e. 

5515. siluer] seluer BCo. yle] gleo a. go] gone o/3. 

5516. siluer] seluer BCa. ne] om. ajSSe, 

5518. Om] One 7 ; Of 5. adde] he hadde a ; he had 5. yhe] ibeo a ; 
bene 7 ; be 5. }pe] to ]>q Se. tolde] ;he tolde e. \>er] of him \>evQ a$. 

5519. 7iadde] no hadde /3 ; ne had 7; had not e. ytold] tolde fi. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER.* 403 

Sii'e he sede ich was ysuore • to him ar to J'e • 5520 
& ^if ichadde him bisuike • J^e wors );ou wost leue 

me • 
Ac rem we in to anoj^er stude • ]>i pauilon bi mi [273] 

rede • 
0]?er povL mitt 2ut to nitt • of som treson drede • 
pe pauilon was remewed 'po ■ &5 ]>e king & alle 

his • 
Ac a bissop & is men • ]?er uor]? come ywis • 5525 occisio 
& pi^te ]?ere hor pauylon • &; bileuede al nitt J^ere • p?o^rege 
& Jjis luj>er men come ani^t • & wende ^e king it 

were • 
& slowe bissop & al is men • ]?at gult nadde non • 
& su)7J7e hii wende vor]?ore mo • & sotte aj'elston • 
Of hom nas he no^t ywar • ar ]?o atte laste • 5530 bellum. 
Ac sone he & is men • armede hom wel vaste • 

5520. 7/suore'] sworne )3; swore e. ar] er ^an o ; ere )>an 5; rat>er l^an 
P; OT I was e. 

5521. him bisuike'] him biwryed j8 ; him desceyued 5; be wreye' him e. 
\>ou wost leue me} ich were mid i>e a; I were wi> >e jSSe ; it hadde bene 
for the y. 

5522. renme'] remuwe o; remoue fi ; remeue Jje e. m <o] to afiSe. 
ano]>er'] on o>er a. stude] place y. pauilon] pauilons A (s marked 
for erasure), bi mi rede] by myn rede B ; ich rede o ; I rede j8 ; I 
>e rede e. 

5523. 0]>er] Or els e. 

5524. remewed] remuwed a; remeued Bi3. 8f ]>e] J>e e. 

5525. Ac a] Ac o a ; But o y. come] com Ba. 

5526. piyte] put C. hor] o a; a )3Se. pauylon] pauylons C. §• 
bileuede al ni-^t] to a byde a nyjt e. 

5527. \>is lu\>er men] \>\s traitor a; Hs traytour /3 ; }>is traytoure e; J^es 
traytours 5. come] com Ba. aniyt] at nyght 5 ; Jjat ny^t e. )>e] 
om. Ce. hing] kyngges pauylon e. 

5528. slowe] slou B. bissop] J>e hyssop B ; J?e bischo (sic) C ; t>e 
bisschop a. ; J)e Bischop ^ ; ]>e byschop 5 ; }>e bysshoppe e. al] om. 
aySSe. nadde] hadde /3 ; had Se. 

5529. we7ide] BC ; wendenae; went /S5 ; om. A. vor\>oremo] forl^ere 
more o ; for)>ermore j8 ; fer]>ermore e. so-'yte] souten a ; souiten /8. 
aj>e/s<07t] adelston a ; kynge Athelstone 5. 

5530. nas] was /35e. ywar] warre /8 ; ware 7e. ay \>o atte] or at 
}>e 6. 

5531. armede] assayled 5. wel] om. o;85e. 

c c 2 



404 ~ THE CHRONICLE OF 

& edmund is broj'er mid him • & ^o hii preste were 

echon • 
Hii wende vor]? to )?is batayle • & mette mid hor 
fon • 
depredacioi pe king to is suerde drou • & ]?o ne vond he non • 
ga 11 regis. ^^ ^^^ ^.^ treson him binome • hard cas was ]?at 
on . 5535 

On god al mi^ti &; seint aldelm • ]7e king cryde 
vaste ]>o • 
Inuencio. ^ j^-j sende him bi uair miracle • bote of is wo • 



fol. 85. 



A])elston 



To is seaubere he pulte is hond • al prest a suerd 
he vond • 
|. - perinne J'oru god ysend • no betere nas in "pe lond • 
gladius pro In ])e kinges tresorie • }?at suerd iwust ys • 5540 

rehquiis. ^g ^^j, noble relike • ^ut to J^is daye y wis • 



5532. Jjo hii] om. a/Se. 

5533. Hii . . . batayle^ And to this Bataile went y. Hii wende vory] 
And wende BC ; And wenten 5 ; Wenden a ; Went j8 ; Thei went 
to e. mette'] metten aSe. 7nid] om. afie ; wyth y. 

5534. ne] om. y. 

5535. Ac] Hyt B ; atC ; But hit e. hard] an harde e. was );>at on] 
was J>er on C ; Jjat was one fi ; J>er was one €. 

5536. On] To e. god al mi'^ti] Ihesu ciist afi; Ihesu criste 5; Ihesu 
cryst e. vaste] om. a/SSe. 

5537. if hii . . miracle] Bi faire miracle him sende him a; By faire miracle 
him sent /8 ; By fayre miracle J>ey send him 5 ; By fayre myracule to him 
was sent e. of] in BCe ; on afid. 

5538. is] i>e o5. seaubere] scaubert 5. pulte] put ; putte y. 
a] o 

5539. t/send] ysond B ; sent /8. 7io betere nas in \>e] a better nas in no 
5 ; J>er was no better in )>\s e. nas] om. B ; was jS. \>e] om. B. 

5540. kinges] kyng B. tresorie] tresom'/3; tresoure e. iwust] 
ywust )ut a ; kept ^it ; kept it y ; ^ytte ykep te S ; ykept yX e. 

5541. As] & a/Se. noble] o noble a ; a noble )85e. yut] om. a/Se. 
to] vnto 5. i>is] >isse a. 



MS. deprecacio. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 405 

Yegged it is in j?e on half • & in ]?e o]?er no^t • 

per ne miite neuere gold ne seluer • j^er on ben 

ybro^t • 
pis noble king a|?elston • |^o )?is gode suerd to him com • 
Nobliche & wel he fatt • & so god ernest to him he 

nom • 5545 

pat fram ]>&t ]?e sonne aros vorte hit derc ni^t was • 
pe batayle ylaste • «fe neuere wery he nas • 
Wat ]?oru is stalwardhede • wat j^oru godes grace • 
Mony was ]>e gode body • |7at he slou in ]?e place • 
pe batayle was at brymesbury . & |7er were of 

deneys • 5550 

& of scottes aslawe • & al so of yreis • 
•Vif longe kinges • proute |7oru alle ]?ing • 
& ]>e proute constantin • )?at of scotlond was king • 



5542. Yegged] legghed a ; Egged /35. it is . . . half'} yt ys in on alf 
B ; bi >at on half a ; by J>at one side & ; on \>at on half hit is 5 ; by ]>at 
one half e. |>e] J>at a^e. 7ioyt'] ry^t no^t e. 

5543. ne] om. e. neuere , . . );>er on] seluer ne gold neuere l>er on o ; 
syluer ne gold neuer ber on j3 ; siluere 'ne golde neuere beron 5 ; 
nei)>er syluer ne golde neuer )>er on e. ben] be BCajSe. ybro-^^t"] 
brout o ; brou^t /3 ; wrou^t e. 

5544. king] king \)0 a ; kynge \>o 5. \>o] \>an /3. gode] om. a^5e. 
to] om. B. com] nome 0e. 

5545. Omitted in e. Nobliche . . . ?»ow] And raanfuly smote j^er with 
to fende his kyngdome j8. Nobliche] Nobylyche B ; Nobeliche a. 
he] om. a. so] om. aS. ernest] vrnest a. he] added above the 
line in A; om. BCaS. 

5546. pa < /ram] There fro 5 ; And fro e. J^ai >e] )>e C;8. vorte] 
vorto a; vn to ;8 ; for to e. hit] om. 5. derc 7ti'i,t] dernyjt C. 
hit derc niyt] derk ni^t hit a ; derk ny^t hit /8 ; derke ny^t hit e. 

5547. ylaste] ilaste J^are a; last here /3; lastid there 7; so longe last S ; 
lasted J'ere e. neuere ivery] \>q weriore a ; J'e weryer j3 ; J>erfor \>e 
■weryer e. nas] was e. 

5548. 9. Omitted in a^y^e. 

5549. J>e gode] gode B. 

5550. pe] pat C ; pis aye. brymesbury] bremesbury C ; brunesburi a ; 
Brunesburie S. irere] was 7. deneys] denys o. 

5551. aslawe] eke aslawe a; eke slayn ;85; eke ysleyn e. yreis] 
yreyns a ; yreynys j3 ; yrenys 7 ; Irysshe e. 

5552. proute] prowde men 6. alle] al B. 

5553. \>e proute] prout B. \>at of scotlond] of Scotland J'at e. 



406 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& of oj^ere ))at were aslawe • me ne mi^te non encle yse • 
Hii ]7at of scapede aliue • bigonne vaste to fie • 5555 
pus ]>e king aJ?elston • agaste ]?o is fon • 
& vor hii ne ssolde in is lond • abbe recet non • 
pe castel of euerwik • to grounde he let caste • 
Vor is fon were ofte )7er inne • ]?e wule he ylaste • 
[275] pat hii nadde no recet • vor to greuy is lond • 5560 
Also of ech maner purchas • ]?at com bi is hond • 
Oj^er ]?at eny of is • as in purchas nome • 
He vorbed J^at neuere more • among is spence ne come • 
Ac to hous of religion • J'at me hit al clene here • 
& to poueremen aboute • |?at meseyse were • 5565 

Subieccio j^Iq ^q kinges of walls • he brotte al to lawe • 
To hereford al vnder him • to is wiUe uawe • 



5554. ofj om. e. aslawe"] ysleyne e ; slayn y. me . . . yse] non 
ende ne myte beo o ; none ende ne my^t be /3 ; none ende me myght 
see 5 ; nonne ende J^er my^t be e. 

5555. Hii] Tbey J^o S. of scapede] ascapede o ; ascapedS; scaped /Se. 
aliue] on lyue y. hiyonne vaste] fast bygan S. bigonne] gonne 
aj3 ; )>ei gonne e. 

5556. a)>elston] >at time a ; }?at tyme iSSe. J>o] ]>er aySe ; J^ere S. 

5557. Sf . . . recet] & >at hi on J^is londe nadde recet a ; And J>at ]?&i on 
>is londe hadde recet ;3 ; And >at >ey in Jjys londe Eescette had S ; And 
t>at Jjei in >is londe had resette e. ^] om. B. is] )?js B. 

5558. pe] pane a ; Than }>e /3 ; Thanne the y. of] Jjo of 5. 

5559. he ylaste] hit last /Be ; that hit last y ; it last 5. 

5560. 'pat hii nadde] po hi hadde a; Whenne they hadde y; Tho l^ey had 
S ; Tho had l^ei e. no] non B. vor to] vort to o. greuy] gryuy 
C ; greue e ; greve y. is] t>is e. 

5561. ech] eche o. maner purchas] manere porchas a; purchased 
manere j8. com] was e. bi] in BCaySSe. is hond] J>is lond o ; 
his londe e. 

5562. eny] ^yf enyB. 

5563. vorbed] veibed B. neuere] euer P. more] mo o ; non B. 
spence] spences e. ne] om. C5 ; J^at hit e. 

5564. hous] houses 5. al] om. 5. 

5565. poueremen] )>& poure men y. aboute] al aboute jSe. meseyse] 
meseile a ; mesel or prisoners j8 ; in mysseise 5 ; meselles e. 

5566. he] king aJ)elston a ; kj'^nge Adelston ^ ; kyng Adelston e. ai] 
wel B ; om. ajSe. 

5567. a/] aUe a. to] to do 5 . uawe] fol vawe a ; welle fawe j8 ; iii 
lowe e 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 407 

pat tuenty pound of golde • ech of horn bere • 
&5 ]?ritti pound of seluer • fram leve to lere • 
& tuenti ]?ousend oxen • ek to }>is golde • 5570 

& hauekes «fe houndes • as mony as he wolde • habitacio 

To certein woniinge he horn broite • boj^e lowe & heye • 
So ]?at hor woniinge were • al bi weste weye • 
& no ]?ing in ^e est alf • so ]?at weye ywis • 
ut to |?is day to del}? • engelond & walls • 5575 



} 



• Edmond • foi. 85 b. 



& TpOYU. king a]7elston • ]7at was verst ydo • certus 

Men of cornwayle he bro^te • to certeyn stude al so • ^or^ubie 
Vor bitonde \fe water of tamer • he horn adde alle [276] 

ybro^t • 
To wonye J?er as in hor owe • & a ]?is alf no^t • 



5568. horn'] hem hym B ; hotn hym C ; ham him a ; hem him j8S ; hem to 
him e. 

5569. ];>ritii'\ \>re hundi-ed aj8e. pound of seluer"] J)Ousand oxen j8e; 
thousande of oxen y. fram'] euere fro 5. fram yere to yere] with 
oute any were j8 ; wythouten any were y ; wijjoutten any werre e. 

5570. §•.... oxen] Thei him jeldede bi truage ; Thei him gelded by 
trewage e. ek to \)is] and also his /3e. 

5571. 7noni/ as] manije so a. 

5572. To] And to e. certein] a certeine S. woniinge] woni^inge o; 
wonynge B ; wonyng C ; wonnynge /8. horn] om. 0j3e. hom 
bro'^yte] brou^t hem S. ioJ>e] om. a/8. 

5573. So] om. aySe. woniinge] wonijinge a ; wonynge B ; wonyng C; 
wonnynge /3. weye] wei^e a ; wy^e /3 ; wygh y. 

5574. \>e] J>an a ; fjat ySe. loeye] weije a ; wy^e /3 ; wygh y. 

5575. yut to] tute to a; Vnto S. day] daye B5 ; day^e a. to del\>] 
to delej^ C ; dele)? a ; delethe 5 ; parted )3 ; departeth y ; hit dele)? e. 
§•] fram a ; from /SSe. 

5576. ki7ig] \>e kyng C ; >e kynge S. ]pat] }>is e. was] om. C. 

5577. certeyn] a certeyne S ; a certeyn e. stude] stede C. 

5578. Vor] Ver a ; flfer e. irrtier] watere a. tamer] tame a;3 ; 
Tene e ; Camere 5. /i07« adde] adde hem B ; hadde hom C ; hadde 
ham o ; hadde hem j3 ; had hem 5e. 

5579. To ivonye] To woni^e a ; To wonue ,8 ; ffor to dwelle e. )?er] 
om. ajSoe. ?m Aor oice"] in her owne e ; with Inne here owen j8. 
a \>is alf] a l>eos half a. 



408 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor hii wonede ]?er biuore • anon to excestre riit • 
& |)e welisse ver in engelond • vorte he it adde 

ydi^t . 5581 

Mainies- King a]?elston louede moche • malmesbury ywis • 

He ^ef horn of ])e holy croys • som j^at tut ]?ere 

is • 
& he was at is ende day • vaire ybured ];er • 
, King he arst adde ybe • aboute an viftene ter • 5585 
T^Dmond aj^elstones bro];er • after him was king • 

Godmon & doutede • god ]?oru alle ]>ing • 
In ]>e ter of grace it was • nyen hondred & fourty 

ter • 
pat he was king ymad • & old he was er • 
Eyttetene ter he was king • & six ^er & a day -5590 
V^our & tuenti ^er he was old • ar he aslawe lay • 



5580. her] om. 5 ; here e. ano7i to'] vorto o ; for)>e to yS ; vn to S ; 
fori? to 6. 

5581. \>e welisse'] welsse B; \>e walysch C; \>e welische a; }>e walsshe 
men e. ver] were B ; feor C ; fer a. vorte] vort a ; vn to $. 
it adde] hadde Jjus a/S ; had hit 5 ; had >us hit e. ydi^t] dyjt B ; 
di)t j8. See Appendix, Note EE. 

5582. a\>elsto?i^ adelston ae. See Appendix, Note FF. 

5583. horn] hem som S. som] om. 5. yut ]>ere] \>ete )ut B ; J>ere 
jitte S. 

5584. ende] endynge S. \>er] J^ere B. 

5585. King .... adde] After he hadde kynge S. arst adde] adde 
arst B ; hadde arst C. viftene] fiftie 5. 

5586. a\>elstones] adelstones o. 

5587. Godmon] Gode man B ; A good man 5. doutede god] idouted 
wel a ; douted wel j8 ; douhted wel 7 ; dou^tty e. \>oru] J>oru out a ; 
Jjorowe oute j3 ; ))rowte S. 

5588. /?«)>£.. . . hondred] Nije (Nyne /SSe) hundred of grace hit was 
ufiSe. it was nyen hondred] nyne hondred j't was B ; nyn hundred 
hit was C. fourty] foruty B ; foure & twenty e. 

5589. ki?ig ymad] made kyng e. ymad] ymaked a ; made 7. ^•] an Se. 
old] old man a ; olde man ;85e. 

5590. Eyyietene] Ey^tene B ; eitene C ; Ane six o; And sixe /3 ; Syxe e. 
he] and he BC. §•] om. BCSe. six] half a0e. a] om. B ; 
an C ; o a/3. 

5591. Vour .... yer] Vour score winter a; Foure score wynter /3e. 
ar] \>o BCae ; when /3. aslawe] slayn ; y sleyn €. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 409 

Saracens ]?at were j^er ^ut • bileued in engelonde • fugacio 
In lincolne & in leycestre • & in derby icli vnder ^^^^' 

stonde • 
In Stafford «& in notingham • he horn drof • al to 

no^te • 
& cristine men aboute • in hor studes brotte • 5595 
pat hous of glastingbury • he loiiede wel ynou • dunstanus. 

& made seint dunston abbot |7er • & to is conseil him 

drou • 
& ])orvL is conseil chirchen • wide he let rere • 
& abbeys &, priory es • aboute her & ]>ere • 5599 

Into ]>e hous of glastingbury • gret )?ing he tef ]>o • 
& gret franchise hom grantede • ]?at laste]? euermo • 
pat hii adde hor franchise • as veruor]? • as ]>e king- [2 77] 

& mid god chartre |?at tut is J^er • made ]>e conferming • 
Edwyne is sone was • {^at lu|;er was ynou ■ g^ji^ 

& Edgar ]>e ^ongore • ]?at to aUe godnesse drou • 5605 

5592. \>at] J)er BCS. >er] J^e BC ; I'D 5; om. afie. bileued] 
bilefd a ; byleuede B ; ylefte 8e. engelonde'] engelond B. 

5593. §•] om. a;35e. Sf in] in afiye ; & 5. derby] dorbi a. 

5594. §•] om. Se. horn drof] drof hem B ; drof hom C ; drof ham a; 
droue hem /SSe. 

5595. aboute] al aboute |3e. studes] stude B ; stede C ; stede he 5. 

5596. Vat] pet B ; The 5. glastinybury] glastynbury B ; Glasten- 
bury 6. 

5597. ^ . . . . dunston]^&int dounston he made o; Sejant Dmiston he 
made /3e ; Seint Dunstan he made 5. abbot Jjcr] abbed ]>ere B ; J)er 
abbot 6. 

5598. chirchen] churches y ; chirches e. rere] arere 5. 

5599. Sf] om. e. 

5600. }pe] om. B. glastingbury] Glastynbury B ; Glastenbury €. 
"ycf] )aue e. 

5601. &f] And ]>&v to e. gret] grete Bo. franchise] franchysesB ; 
ffraunchyses e. hom] om. a/SSe. euermo] euere mo o. 

5602. Vat] And )>dX e. hor] om. a;85e, franchise] franchyses B ; 
franchises Ca ; frauuchises 5. as veruor\> as] ase fer for|> so a. 

5603. ^] om. e. god chartre] gode chartre B ; scry^t a. ; scryt B ; Scryte 
5 ; scripture e. made] he made e. \>e] om. B. 

5604. is sone was] het his vldere sone a • hi^t his elder sone fi ; het his 
elder sone e. ivas] om. 5. lu\>er] lul>er man a)3e. 

5605. if] om. 5. }>e] het \>e a ; hi)t i>e /3 ; het his e. yongore] 
^onger sone e. 



410 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



OCCISIO 

regis. 



pokele 
chirche. 



fol. 86. 



King Edmund atte laste • mid lu])er dejjes wounde • 
Pitosliche was aslawe • alas ]7ulke stounde • 
Vor a traytour of is lond • lof was is name • 
Yflemd was out of engelond • mid wrecchede & ssame • 
Suj^f'e aday as J?e king • sat at is mete • 5610 

At pokelchirche bi side bristowe • & somdel adde 

y^ete • 
Lof ]7is lu]?er traytour • mid is clo]?es ychanged ]>ere • 
Com in & biuore him et • ano]?er mon as it were • 

• Edmond • • Edred • 

At seint austines day • it was • as it val]> in may • 

pe king bi huld aboute • & ]?e traytour ysay • 5615 

& auisede him sui]?e wel • wat man it were • 

& 'po he sey ]^at ]?is lof • ]?is traytour sat J?ere • 

He hupte him vp fram j^e bord • in gret wra]7]?e 

ynou • 
& hente ]?is lof bi ]>e top • & fram j^e bord him drou • 



5606, 5607. See Appendix, Note GG. 

5608. a] o a; one y. of] on a^ ; in e. 

5609. Yflemd'] Yflou B ; y flemyd 5 ; That was flemed /3. engelond'] 
J>e lond a ; ]>e londe fi ; loude 5 ; \>\s lond e. wrecchede ^] wreched- 
heed & w' e. 

5610. aday] o day a ; on a daye 5 ; on a day e. 

5611. pokelchirche] potelchurche C; pokeles chirche a^; Pokilchurche 5; 
Puckels chirche e. bristowe] Brustowe 78. 8f] om. e. adde] 
he had e. yyete] yete ^ ; for^ete e. 

5612. is] om. o;85€. 

5613. §•] om. 5. et] eete 7 ; om. 5. ano)>er mon as it] as hit 
anoJ>er e. ano)>er] on oj^er o. mon'] om. a;85. 

5614. At] ABCa; On ;8e. austines] Austyue e. 
val\>] failed a/36. 

ysay] sey e. 
sui]>e] om. aiSSe. 



as it] as ajS- 



5615. <^ J>c] & bys B5; & Hs Co/3 

5616. 8f] He e. him] om. a. 
he €. 

5617. )>is traytour] \>e traitor o;85 
satte so j8. 

5618. hnpte] rose ;8 ; skypped e. 
grete a. 

5619. hente] he toke e. \>is] om. ai35 
fram] fro e. 



if] )jat hit )3 ; J>at 

J>at traytoure e. sat] sat so aSe ; 

/i«>«] om. S. fram] fro e. 5"'e<] 

t>e] om. a. ^] om. B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 411 

& clefoulede him vnder him • mid hond & mid fote -5620 

pis ]?ef ]7at lay bi ne^e • j^otte on hij^er bote • 

& smot ]7en king |?at lay bine]?e • in ye brust dep 

ynon • 
To grete harm of al J?e lond • ]>e gode king so slou • 
pat folc to drou ];at traytour • ech lime pece mele • 
pe king bigan bi is lif • is god wol wyde dele • 5625 
& ]?e toun of pokele chirche • & oj^ere J>at ^er were • sepultura. 
He tef in to glastingbury • & let him biirye J>ere • 
&} y&re he li|? tut to ]>is day • ac ynot to wuche dome • 
pe toun su]?J?e of pokel chirche • fram glastingbury come • 
Seint dunston was at glastinbury • ])0 ]>e king ywounded 

was • 5630 

^ut ]?oru ioye of ]>& deuel • he wuste of J^at cas • 



5620. defoulede At»t] defoulede \>e traitor (traitour ;8) ay3 ; defouled \>q 
traytoure e. hond'] honde Ba. 

5621. Visl pe B ; pis vlke a; This like j8; Thys ilke 5 ; This ylke €. 
ije/] l>uf a. bi ne\>e'] bynej'e hym B. J'ojie] >oujt him e. 
lu\>er'] a luj^er Se. 

5622. §• . . . bine\>e] He lay bine}>e & smot Jjane king a ; He lay (laye 5) 
bynej'e & smote \>e kynge (kyng e) jSSe. }>ew] \>e BC. \>at lay 
bine]>e] v<j\> a knyf B. in'\ in to e. brust] breste B ; hurte a ; 
herte j8 ; hert e. dep] depe By3 ; dup a. 

5623. To . . . lond] Mid one longe knyue o ; With a longe knyf |8 ; Wi)' 
a long knyffe e. To] & to BC. of at \>e] to al Jjys B ; to al 
Jje 5. \>e] J>is C ; & Jjene a ; and J^at 13, gode] om. 5. so] 
he Baj8e ; so he 5. 

5624. folc] om. 5. to drou] to drewe y. }>a<] J>en B ; ^e C5 ; 
J>ane o. lime] lim a. 

5625. pe king] & J>e king a ; And han /3 ; And ]?ei e. ii] by al B ; al 
bi CajSe ; al by 8. /jf ] leue C. wot] wel Bae ; ry^t ^ ; om. 5. 
rfe/e] forto dele S ; to dele e. 

5626. pokele chirche] pokelchyrche B ; pokelchurche C ; pokeles- 
chirche ajS ; Puckel chirche e. \>er were] ys were B ; his were Ca;35e. 

5627. in to] to aj35e. him burye] berie him 5. Jjcrc] om. a. 

5628. to] in to C. \>is] J>us B. ynoi] ich not a ; I wote no)t e. 
<o] l^oru BCa ; J>ur^ /3 ; jji'ou^ S. <o 2<;i/c^e] as to e. dome] dom a. 

5629. pe] how J>e e. smJpJ^c] om. a/SSe. come] com a ; seth come 5. 

5630. ywounded] wounde 7. 

5631. tM<] & )ut BC ; &a; And ;85€. }porti ioye] for ioije a; for 
ioie C^ ; for Ioye S ; by ioying e. \>e] om. Bj3. rfcMe/] deouel o. 



412 



THE CHKONICLE OF 



Gaudium 
diaboli. 



vincit 
scottos. 



[279] 



Vor ]>e deiiel com biuore him • & hoppede & lou • 

& saylede & pleyde • & made ioye ynou • 

pis holy mon wuste anon • wy is ioye was • 

& l^at for some mesehaunce of ]>e king • he made so 

glad pas • 5635 

Toward pokele chirche he wende • hastiliche & bliue • 
& me tolde him bi ])e weye • )?at he was out of |7is 

Hue • 
I^dred was ]?o king anon • after edmund is broJ)er • 
Vor is tueye sones so tonge were • p'at me ne mitte 

abbe hor noj^er • 
God man edred was ynou • & to godnesse drou anon • 
& moche louede holy chirche • & ]?e godemon sein 

dunston • 5641 

Men of nor]?humberlond • were aien him vaste • 
& of scotlond al so • ac hor poer lute ylaste • 
Vor wat wi]7 loue wat wi|? eye • he brotte horn alle 

to is wille • 
& hor olde seruage • made hom holde al stille • 5645 



5632. deuel'l deouel o. biuore"] to fore ae. 

5634. pis holy mon] Seint dunstan a ; Seynt Dunston fie. wuste] 
wiste a ; wist yS ; wyst e. anon^ well 5. wy is] wu ys B ; hou 
Hs C ; why alle \>js 5. 

5635. Sf] om. a$de. he] })at he 5. so] >at e. 

5636. Toward] To o/3e, he weride] seint dunstan wende o ; Seynt 
Dunston went j8e. S,' bliue] om. e. 

5637. vie] men ye. weye] wey Ba. he] >eking a- )je kynge j85. 
out of\>is Hue] deed redelyche e. ]>is] om. Ba/SS. 

5638. Edred] Eldred ay ; Eldrede e. ]>o] om. C. edmund] om. 5. 

5639. tueye] om. a^e. so ^o?i(/e were] were jonge a^Se. me 7ie miyte abbe] 
ne myte a ; J>ei ne myjt /3 ; Jjei myjt e ; hit myght be 5. hor 7io\)er] non 
o})er B ; non not>er 5 ; neuer noJ>er a ; neuer nouj^er ;8 ; neuer neij^er e. 

5640. God man edred] Eldrede good man e, God] A good 5. edred'] 
eldred ay. drou] he drowe e. 

5641. moche] om. a;85e. godemov'] god man o. 

5642. were] hulde a ; helde /SSe. 

5643. §• of] & men of a;3Se. ac] & 5. lute] litil y ; lytel e. 
ylaste] laste a ; last ye. 

5644. Vor] om. ajSe. wi]>] mid a (bis). eye] ey^e a ; eygh y. 
om. a/Se. 

5645. al] om. 5. 



alle] 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 413 

Vourtene ter he was king • & at is ende day • 

Me tolde sein dunston vore • ]?at he sik lay • 

To him he wende hastiliche • bi )?e weye ywis • 

He hurde angles singe an hey • bi ]>e luft J^is • 

pe king edred nou aslepe • in our louerd is • oGoO 

po wuste seint dunston • j^at he was • ywent to heuene blis • 

• Edtuinus • foi. 86 b. 

Suiche gode kinges • me ssolde non finde among • 

pat angles of hor ending • mizte make hor song • 

l^Dwyne Edmundes sone • after edred king was • 

Fals & lujjer vor no worse • in is kunde nas • 5655 Malicia 

Ase a nywe herodes • in such poer he com • 

& vpe is poer destruede • & apeyrede cristendom • 

A fol womman in spousbruche • he huld vnder is wif • 

Sein dunston him sede wel • bat it was a luber lif • Adulte- 

num regis. 

5646. ende'} endynge 5. 

5647. Me . . . dunston'] Seint donston (Donstan 5) me tolde aS ; Seynt 
Dunston men tolde $; To seynt Dimston men tolde e. vore] oni. 
iSe. he'] J>e kyng e. sik] sore sike afi ; sore syke e. 

5648. he] om. C. tve?ide] went 6. bi] & by BCSe ; & bi a0. 
iveye] wey B ; wej'^e a. 

5649. an hey] on heygh y. luft'] lyf te B ; lofte a ; lofe j3 ; loft e. \>is] ywys e. 

5650. pe] om. a;8Se. edred] eldred a ; Eldrede y. nou aslepe] aslepe 
nowe 6. in] myd C. our] om-e Bae ; om. C. 

5651. he] om. C. ywent to] ywend to BC ; in o/356. 

5652. Suiche] Suche B. me . . . among] nou fewe me finde may a . 
newe (nowe 7) to fewe men fynde may $y ; now me fewe fynde maye S ; 
nowe fewe men fynde nowe a day e. 7wti] nou B ; om. C. 

5653. angles] angelesBa; angelis S. of hor . . . song] wole maki^e songe 
of hare ende day a ; wole make songe on here ende day )3 ; wol make 
songe at here ende daye S ; wol make songge on her ende day e. 
ending] endynge B. make] made B ; makye C. hoi-] om. B. 
See Appendix, Note HH. 

5654. edred] eldred a ; Eldrede 76. 

5655. vor] & oySe ; om. 78. no] non B ; none /8. nas] was e. 

5656. Ase] Ac as o ; But ase /3 ; But as e. a] o afi. herodes] 
herod C ; herode 5. in] om. 5. 

5657. vpe] vpon a ; Math /3 ; by 5e. 

5658. A fol] An foule C ; One fol a; Onefoule)3; Afoulee. ivomman] 
wimman a. in . . . huld] he held in spousbruche a; he helde in 
spousebreche fie. 

5659. him sede wei] wel to him seid e. a] om. aj85. 



414 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ase seint Ion |;e baptist • calanged hore misdede '5660 
Wro]:' was ]>e king & is hore • jjat he hor folie wij>sede • 
[280] & ]?e womman fondede • him to dej>e bringe • 
dunsfau? ^^ 1^^^ seint dunston was • ]>oru hire & ]?oru ]>& kinge • 
Yflemed out of engelond • & to flaundres wende • 
pe gode man ne tok neuere gome • l?at me him so 
foule ssende • 5665 

Destruccio Abbeys ]?is lu\ier mon • brotte ek in alle wo • 
rum. & ]?e hous of mahnesbury • ];at an old hous was j^o • 

Of tuo hundred ^er & seuenty • he arerd )?er biuore • 
He made hit stable to his hors • as it were al uor lore • 
So hiper man was ]>is king • J^at ]?e heye men of ]?e 
londe . 5670 

Bigonne ase hii nede moste • aten him va