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Full text of "Flora of the Blue Hills, Middlesex Fells, Stony Brook and Beaver Brook reservations, of the Metropolitan Park Commission, Massachusetts"

FLORA 



OF THE 



BLUE HILLS, MIDDLESEX FELLS, STONY 

BROOK AND BEAVER BROOK 

RESERVATIONS, 



Metropolitan Park Commission, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 



PRELIMINARY EDITION. 



1896. 



BOSTON : 

C. M. Barrows & Co. 

189.6. 



FLORA 



OF THE 



BLUE HILLS, MIDDLESEX FELLS, STONY 

BROOK AND BEAVER BROOK 

RESERVATIONS, 



OF THE 



Metropolitan Park Commission, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 



PRELIMINARY EDITION. 



1896. 



BOSTON : 

C. M. Barrows & Co. 
1896. 



To W. B. de las Casas, Esq., 

Chairman Metropolitan Park Commission. 

Sir: — In obedience to Orders of the Commission, 
dated January 26th and June 12th, 1895, and February 
28th, March 11th, and May 6th, 1896, we hand you 
herewith the following preliminary list of the plants of 
the woodland reservations. This list is the product of 
volunteer work on the part of many botanists organized 
for this purpose by Mr. Warren H. Manning, lately a 
principal assistant in our office. The Commission, the 
public and the co-operating botanists are especially to be 
congratulated in that the list has been compiled and 
edited by Mr. Walter Deane. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot. 

Brookline, Mass., 
May 15, 1896. 



PREFACE. 



The following list has been compiled at the request of 
the Metropolitan Park Commission in order to put on 
record the present condition of the vegetation of the new 
public reservations as a basis for comparison in the future. 
The acreage of Blue Hills Eeservation is about 4,000 
acres, Middlesex Fells Eeservation 3,000 acres, Stony 
Brook Eeservation 450 acres, Beaver Brook Eeservation 
58 acres. The diversified character of the lands embraced 
in the reservations gives rise to a most interesting flora. 
The height of Great Blue Hill is 635 feet, and throughout 
the reservations hills alternate with valleys and swamps, 
and clearings with woods, while ponds and brooks aiford 
a rich aquatic vegetation. Pogonia verticillata, Nutt., 
Habenaria fimbriates, , E. Br., Epigcea repens, L. and Kal- 
mia latifolia, L. in the Blue Hills, and Oonopholis 
Americana, Wallroth, in the Fells, are of the greatest 
interest, while in Monatiquot Stream which skirts the 
southern base of the Blue Hills are found the rare Lemna 
Valdiviana, Philippi, and the polymorphous Sium Car- 
sonii, Durand. The public should be exhorted, if they 
come across such plants as these, to preserve them 
rigidly. The true botanist and lover of nature needs no 
such exhortation. 

Direct botanical work in the reservations has been 
systematically prosecuted during the past two years only, 
and the record of plants is necessarily far from complete. 
This is especially true of Stony Brook and Beaver Brook 
Eeservations. It has, nevertheless, been deemed best to 



PREFACE. 



publish the list at this time, in order that it may be used 
as a basis on which to build an exhaustive edition. 

To enable me to compile the present list, the collections 
of the past two years, forming the nucleus of a Reserva- 
tions Herbarium, have been placed in my hands, together 
with a large card catalogue of valuable notes by botanists 
who have studied the flora about Boston for years. Mr. 
M. L. Fernald kindly took charge of naming the Com- 
posites, and Dr. C. W. Swan the Junci, Cyperaceae and 
Gramineae. Dr. Swan has been much aided by Prof. 
F. Lamson-Scribner in the grasses, and Prof. L. H. 
Bailey in the genus Carex. I hold myself responsible for 
the rest of the Phanerogams, as I have examined them all 
with the exception of a few which were submitted to Dr. 
B. L. Kobinson and Mr. M. L. Fernald. In the naming 
of these plants I have been assisted especially by the 
co-operation of Dr. G. G. Kennedy, Judge J. E. Church- 
ill, Mr. L. L. Dame and Mr. E. F. Williams. Mr. 
George E. Davenport has taken charge of the Pterido- 
phyta, Mr. E. L. Rand of the Bryophyta, Mr. J. W. 
Blankinship of the Characeas, Mr. F. S. Collins of the 
Algse, Miss Clara E. Cummings of the Lichens, and Prof. 
A. B. Seymour and Mrs. Flora W. Patterson of the 
Fun<n. The list of Thallophytes is a small one, as but 
little work has as yet been done in this direction. Mr. 
E. L. Rand and Dr. B. L. Robinson have rendered most 
efficient assistance in regard to the form of the list, and 
Miss Mary A. Day, Librarian at the Gray Herbarium, 
has been most courteous in facilitating the work done in 
the Library. Mr. Warren H. Manning's large collections 
of plants, and his notes on the trees and shrubs have 
been of great service ; and the general field notes of Mr. 
W. P. Rich, added to his extensive contributions to the 



1'REFACE. 



herbarium, have been of especial value in regard to the 
habitat and distribution of the plants, particularly of the 
Fells. Judge J. B. Churchill, Dr. G. G. Kennedy, 
Messrs. C. E. Faxon, E. Faxon, L. L. Dame, F. S. Col- 
lins, E. F. Williams, H. A. Purdie, Dr. J. R. Webster, 
and Mrs. P. D. Richards have aided by their notes on the 
flora of the various reservations. To all the above and to 
those who have assisted by collecting in the reservations, 
contributing to the herbarium, or in any other way, my 
hearty thanks are extended. 

Owing to the fact that this list is in reality a record of 
the plants growing in four separate reservations, a plan 
embracing clearness and brevity had to be considered. 
The list rests upon the authority of the Reservations 
Herbarium, various private herbaria, notably those of 
Messrs. C. E. and E. Faxon, W. P. Rich, F. S. Collins, 
E. F. Williams, Dr. G. G. Kennedy, Judge J. R. 
Churchill, the Gray Herbarium and my own, and lastly 
the reports of a few botanists, already mentioned, who 
have spent much time in studying the distribution of the 
plants of the reservations. I have also used my own 
held notes made during the past few years. 

The names of plants indigenous to the reservations are 
printed in heavy full-faced type, while the names of plants 
introduced either into North America, or into the reserva- 
tions from this country, or cultivated in old gardens, by 
roadsides and the like, are printed in small capitals. 
Synonyms are printed in italics. 

After each species and its common name, if it has any, 
follows a statement of the general habitat of the plant as 
it occurs in New England. This ends with the period, 
separate observations being divided by semicolons. Then 
follow observations on each reservation. The following 



Vlll. 



PREFACE. 



abbreviations for the reservations are used : B, for Blue 
Hills, M, for Middlesex Fells, S, for Stony Brook, BB, 
for Beaver Brook, and this order is followed, where pos- 
sible. The other abbreviations needing a word of explan- 
ation are nat. for naturalized, adv. for adventive, int. for 
introduced, and cult, for cultivated. The letter indicating 
the reservation is followed in each case by the remarks on 
that reservation, separate remarks being divided by semi- 
colons. The remarks on the different reservations are 
separated by a colon and dash. Every observation on 
the phanerogams made in the list is on record with the 
author's name and can be referred to in case of need. 
An asterisk following any letter standing for a reservation 
indicates that a specimen of the plant under discussion is 
found in the Keservations Herbarium ; otherwise, the 
authority rests on private herbaria or on reliable reports. 
The nomenclature is in general that of Gray's Manual, 
Sixth Edition, but in some cases a more recent revision of 
genera has been followed. In such cases the Manual 
synonymy, where possible, is given, and reference is 
made to the work containing the revision. With scarcely 
an exception the names of plants recorded as growing in 
old gardens are to be found in the last edition of Gray's 
Field, Forest and Garden Botany. It seems best to 
record these plants, as several old gardens are included 
in the reservations and it will be interesting to note the 
persistence or decay of the plants growing in them. 

Let it be fully understood that this list is a preliminary 
one and that much work must be done in order to make 
it truly representative. The work of collecting and 
observing ought to be carried on with vigor so that a com- 
plete flora of the reservations may soon be forthcoming. 

Walter Deane. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
May, 1896. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



Series I. PHANEROGAMIA. FLOWERING PLANTS. 

Class I. ANGlOSPERMiE. 

Sub-class I. DICOTYLEDONES. 

Division I. POLYPETALJE. 



RANUNCULACE/E. Crowfoot Family. 

CLEMATIS, L. Virgin's Bower. 

C. Virginiana, L. 

Moist ground, edges of thickets and roadsides, climbing over 
bushes. B*, common : — M, frequent : — B B*, occurs 

ANEMONE, Tourn. Anemone. Wind-flower. 
A. Virginiana, L. 

Open woods and meadows. B*, Randolph Ave., etc. : 

M*, frequent on rocky wooded banks. 
A. nemorosa, L. 

Open woods. B, M* and BB, common: — S*, occurs. 

HEPATICA, Dill. Hepatica. Liver-leaf. 
H. triloba, Chaix. 

Open woods and sunny banks. B, occasional ; more com- 
mon in the E. half of the Reservation: — M*, frequent; Bear 
Hill ; Cascade woods, etc. 



4 METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 

ANEMONELLA, Spach. 
A. thalictroides, Spach. Rue-Anemone. 

Open woods and shady places. B*, frequent : — Jf», fre- 
quent on rocky wooded hillsides : —-#*, dry woods, Bellevue 
Hill. 

THALICTRUM, Tourn. Meadow Rue. 
T. dioicurn, L. Early Meadow Rue. 

Rocky woods and shady roadsides. B, frequent : — M*, 
common : — 8*, Overbrook Hill : — BB*, occurs. 

T. polygamum, Muhl. Tall Meadow Rue. 

Wet places, in sun and shade. B*, common : — M'*, com- 
mon in damp woods and meadows. 
T. purpurascens, L. Purplish Meadow Rue. 

Dry uplands and rocky places. B *, common, especially on 
the hill- tops : — M*, rocky woods. 



RANUNCULUS, Tourn. Crowfoot. Buttercup. 

R. aquatilis, L. var. trichophyJlus, Gray. Common 
White Water-Crowfoot. 

Ponds and slow streams. jS*, occasional; Monatiquot 
Stream, etc. : — M, Spot Pond ; stagnant pool. 
R. multifidus, Pursh. Yellow Water-Crowfoot. 

Ponds and slow streams. B, rare ; Monatiquot Stream : — 
M, frequent ; stagnant pool, N. of Pine Hill ; swamp, side 
of Bear Hill, etc. 
R. abortivus, L. Small-flowered Crowfoot. 

Shady places. B and M*, common : — BB*, by the brook. 
Var. micranthus, Gray. 

Shady places. M *, Pine Hill, etc. 

R. Allegheniensis, Britton.f 

Similar in habitat and in aspect to R. abortivus and var. 
micranthus, but readily distinguished even in flower by the 
subulate hooked or recurved styles. 31*, damp rocky woods, 

fSee Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xxii. 224. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



N. of Wright's Pond, etc.: — BB, common by the brook in 

both sections. 

R. reeurvatus, Poir. Hooked Crowfoot. 

Open woods. M*, damp shade, off Elm St. ; valley, E. of 
Melrose Reservoir. 
R. fascicularis, Muhl. Eakly Crowfoot. 

Dry slopes. M* , abundant in open ground, summit of Bear 
Hill ; W. border of N. Reservoir. 
R. repens, L. Spotted-leaf Buttercup. 

Moist open ground. B* , frequent: — M and BB*, common. 
R. bulbosus, L. Bulbous Buttercup. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and by roadsides. B, M and 
BB*, common. 
R. acris, L. Tall Buttercup. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and by roadsides. B, M and 
BB*, common: — 8, frequent. 

CALTHA, L. Marsh Marigold. 
C. palustris, L. 

Swamps. B, M* and BB, common : — S, frequent. 

COPTIS, Salisb. Goldthread. 

C. trifolia, Salisb. Three-leaved Goldthread. 

Damp woods. B, frequent ; swamp, E. of Hawk Hill, 
etc. : — M, pine woods, W. of S. Reservoir. 

AQUILEGIA, Tourn. Columbine. 
A. Canadensis, L. Wild Columbine. 

Rocky shade. B and M* , common : — S*, Milkweed Hill : — 
BB*, rare. 
A. vulgaris, L. Garden Columbine. 

Cult, from Old World. B, persisting in old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 

DELPHINIUM, Tourn. Larkspur. 

D. Consolida, L. Field Larkspur. 

Cult, from Eu. and sparingly escaped. M, persisting for 
years in rubbish heap in woods, near Spot Pond. 



b METEOPOIJT AN PARK FLORA. 

ACT/EA, L. Baneberry. 
A. spicata, L., var. rubra, Ait. Red Banebeeey. 
Rich woods. M, damp woods, near Spot Pond. 

A. alba, Bigel. White Baneberry. 

Rich woods. B*, frequent; Hawk Hill ; Chickatawbut Hill, 
etc. : — M*, Virginia Wood; E. of Melrose Reservoir. 

P^EQNIA, L. Peony. 
P. officinalis, Retz. 

Cult, from Old World. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk 
Hill. 

BERBERIDACE/E. Barberry Family. 

BERBERIS, L. Barberry. 

B. vulgaris, L. Common Barberry. 

Nat. from Eu. in pastures and open places. B, M and S, 
common : — B B*, frequent. 



NYMPH^EACE^E. Water-lilt Family. 
BRASENIA, Schreb. Water Shield. 
B. peltata, Pursh. 

Ponds and streams. B, occurs: — M, common in Spot 
Pond : — S*, frequent in Turtle Pond. 

NYMPH/EA, Tourn. Water-lily. 
N. odorata, Ait. Sweet-scented Water-lily. 

Ponds and borders of streams. B, Monatiquot Stream : — 
Jf, common in Spot Pond : — S, common in Turtle Pond. 

NUPHAR, Smith. Cow-lily. Spatter Dock. Yellow 

Pond-lily. 
N. advena, Ait. f. 

Ponds and stagnant water. B, M and S, common:— S*, 
a form near var. variegatum, Engelm., ditch, N. of Office. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



SARRACENIACE^E. Pitcher-plant Family. 

SARRACENIA, Toum. Pitcher - plant. Side-saddle 

Flower. 
S. purpurea, L. 

Bogs and wet meadows. B* and M, frequent : — 8, occa- 
sional. 

PAPAVERACE/4E. Poppy Family. 

SANGUINARIA, Dill. Blood-root. 

S. Canadensis, L. 

Rich woods. B*, rare; Old Furnace Brook, etc.: — M*, 
frequent ; E. slope of Bear Hill ; near Virginia Wood, etc. : — 
BB*, common. 

CHELIDONIUM, L. Celandine. 

C. MAJUS, L. 

Adv. from En. in waste places. M*, frequent : — BB*, 
common. 

FUMARf ACE/E. Fumitory Family. 

CORYDALLS, Vent. 
C. glauca, Pursh. Pale Corydalis. 

Ledges and rocky places. B*, M* and S*. common. 

CRUCIFER/E. Mustard Family. 
CARDAMINE, Tourn. Bitter Cress. 
C rhornboidea, DC. Spring Cress. 

Wet meadows and damp woods. S* , occasional. 
C. Pennsylvania, Muhl.t 0. Mrmta, Gray, Mao. ed. 6, 
65, in part. 
Wet places. B*, M and BB*, common. 
C. parviilora, L.f C. hirsuta, var. sylvatica, Gray, Man. 
ed. 6, 65. 
Rocky places. B, common : — M* and S, frequent. 

f See Syn. Fl. K. Amer. i. pt. 1, 153. 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



ARABIS, L. Rock Cress. 
A. laevigata, Poir. 

Rocky places. M, occasional ; Cascade region ; open woods, 
N. of Pine Hill, etc. 
A. Canadensis, L. Sickle-pod. 

Open woods. B*, rare ; Wild-cat Notch, etc. : — M*, rare. 

ALYSSUM, Tourn. 

A. maritimum, L. Sweet Alyssum. 

Cult, from Eu. B, spreading about beds and walks in old 
garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

NASTURTIUM, R. Br. Water Cress. 

N. officinale, R. Br. True Water Cress. 

Cult, from Eu. and escaped into brooks and ditches. M, 
occasional; ditch near Ravine Road, etc.: — S*, Happy 
Valley : — - B B, common. 

N. palustre, DC. Marsh Cress. 

Wet places. M, common. 

BARBAREA, R. Br. Winter Cress. 

B. vulgaris, R. Br., var. arcuata, Fries. Common Winter 

Cress. Yellow Rocket. 
Wet places. JS, frequent : — M and B B*, occurs. 
B. striata, Andrz.-j- B. vulgaris, var. striata, Gray, Man. 
ed. 6, 70. 
Wet places. M, occurs: — B B* , near Trapelo Road in 
N. section. 

SISYMBRIUM, Tourn. Hedge Mustard. 

S. OFFICINALE, Scop. COMMON HEDGE MUSTARD. 

Nat. from Eu. in waste places. B and M, common. 

BRASSICA, Tourn. 
B. Sinapistrum, Boiss. Charlock. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places. #*, Washington St. 

t See Syn. Fl. K. Amer. i. pt. 1, 150. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



B. nigra, Kooh. Black Mustard. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places. B, occasional ; Hawk Hill. 

B. CAMPESTKIS, L. TURNIP. 

Int. from Eu. and persisting in cult, fields and waste places. 
M, fields near Doleful Pond. 

B. juncea, Cosson-t 

Int. from Eu. into waste places; generally glabrous; upper 
leaves nearly or quite entire, cuneate at the base. B m , 
rare ; old house-sites. 

CAPSELLA, Medic. Shepherd's Purse. 

C. Bursa-pastoris, Moencli. 

Nat. from Eu. everywhere. B and M, common:— S*, oc- 
casional : — B B, frequent. 

LEPIDIUM, Tourn. Peppergrass. 
L. Virginicum, L. Wild Peppergrass. 

Roadsides and waste places. B* and M, common. 

RAPHANUS, Tourn. Radish. 
R. Rapiianistkum, L. Wild Radish. Jointed Charlock. 
Adv. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B, Randolph 
Ave. 

RESEDACE^E. Mignonette Family. 
RESEDA, Tourn. Mignonette. 
R. alba, L. R. suffruticulosa, L. Sp. PI. ed. 2, 645. 

Adv. from En. in waste places. B*, old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 

CISTACE/42. Rock-Rose Family. 

HELIANTHEMUM, Tourn. Rock-Rose. 
H. Canadense, Michx. Frost-weed. 
Dry soil in open ground. B*, occasional. 

t See Syn. Fl. N. Amer. i. pt. 1, 134. 



10 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



LECHEA, Kalm. Pinweed. 

L. major, Michx. 

Dry sandy soil and sterile ground. B*, frequent :—M, com- 
mon in dry woods and fields : — S, occasional. 

L. maritima, Leggett.f L. minor, var. maritima, Gray, 
Man. ed. 6, 77. 
Sandy soil. S, occurs. 

L. intermedia, Leggett.j; L. minor, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 77, 

in part. 

Dry rocky ground. B* and S, occurs : — M*, frequent ; 
border of Middle Reservoir, etc. 
L. tenuifoiia, Michx. 

Dry sterile soil. jB*, common:— M*, common by Middle 
Reservoir and in open woods : — 8, occasional. 



VIOLACE/E. Violet Family. 

VIOLA, Tourn. Violet. 
V. pedata, L. Bird-foot Violet. 

Sandy soil. B* and S, frequent :— M* and B B, common. 
V. paSmata, L., var. cucuilata, Gray. 

Low ground. B* and M*, common :— B />>*, occurs. 
V. sagittata, Ait. Arrow-leaved Violet. 

Open dry ground. B* and M, common : ~8 m , occurs. 
V. blanda, Wilid. Sweet White Violet. 

Damp meadows and moist open woods. B* and B B, fre- 
quent: — M*, common: — S*, swamp, S. W. of office. 
V. primntefcJia, L. Primrose-leaved Violet. 

Wet places. B*, occasional ; Pine Tree Brook meadow, 
etc. : — M*, meadow, E. of Bear Hill :—B B*, occasional. 
V. larsceolata, L. Lance-leaved Violet. 

Wet bogs and meadows. B*, M*, S* and B B*, common. 

t See Syn. Fl. N. Amer. i. pt. 1, 192. 
% See Syn. Fl. N. Amer. i. pt. 1, 193. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



11 



V. pubescens, Ait. Downy Yellow Violet. 

Rich woods and shady places. B», frequent; near Hillside 
Pond ; base of Wampatuck Hill, etc. :— M, Cascade woods ; 
near Hemlock Pond. 
Var. scabriuscula, Torr. & Gray. 

Rich woods and shady places. B B*, rare ; by stone wall. 
V. canina, L., var. Muhlenbergii, Gray. Dog Violet. 

Damp shady places. B, occasional; Cragfoot Spring, 
etc. :—M, damp rocky woods, N. of Wright's Pond. 

CARYOPHYLLACE^E. Pink Family. 

DIANTHUS, L. Pink. 

D. Armeria, L. Deptford Pink. 
Adv. from Eu. in waste ground. S*, roadside, Washington 

St. 

SAPONARIA, L. 

S. officinalis, L. Bouncing Bet. Soapwort. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places and by roadsides. B*, fre- 
quent. 

SILENE, L. Catchfly. Campion. 
S. Cucubalus, Wibel. Bladder Campion. 

Nat. from Eu. in waste places. B, occurs. 
S. Pennsyivanica, Michx. Wild Pink. 

Sandy or gravelly places. BB*, rare; 
Oaks. 
S. antirrhina, L. Sleepy Catchfly. 

Waste places. B, common : — M, occasional ; E. border 
of S. Reservoir; near top of Pine Hill, etc. 
S. Armeria, L. Sweet William Catchfly. 

Cult, from Eu. ; weed, escaped. B, spreading in old garden, 
Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

LYCHNIS, Tourn. Cockle. 

L. Githago, Lam. Corn Cockle. 

Adv. from Eu. ; weed, especially in wheat-fields. 31*, wood- 
path, Stoneham. 



W. of Waverly 



12 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



L. Chalcedonica, L. Scarlet Lychnis. 

Cult, from Old World and escaped. B, old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 

ARENARIA, L. Sandwort. 

A. SERPYLLIFOLIA, L. TlIYME-LEAVED SANDWORT. 

Nat. from Eu. in sandy waste places. B *, near Office : — 
M*, occasional; Bear Hill; Winthrop Hill, etc.: — BB*, 
about superintendent's Louse. 

A. lateriflora, L. 

Gravelly places, fields and thickets. M, occasional ; low 
ground near Cascade, etc. : — BB*, occurs. 

STELLARIA, L. Chickweed. Starwort. 
S. media, Smith. Common Chickweed. 

Nat. from Eu. in gardens and damp places. .Band M, com- 
mon : — 8*, occasional. 

5. GRAMINEA, L. ENGLISH STARWORT. 

Adv. from Eu. in grassy places. B, frequent: — M, occa- 
sional : — BB*, common, E. end of upper dam. 

CERASTIUM, L. Mouse-ear Chickweed. 

C. VULGATUM, L. 

Nat. from Eu. in Gelds, lawns, and waste places. B and 
M, common : — 8, occasional : — BB*, occurs. 

BUDA, Adans. Sand-Spurrey. 

B. rubra, Dumort. 

Dry sandy or gravelly soil. M, common : — 8 *, occurs. 



PORTU LAC ACE/42. Purslane Family. 

PORTULACA, Tourn. Purslane. 

P. oleracea, L. Purslane. Pusley. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, and waste ground. B* and M, com- 
mon : — 8, occurs. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



13 



ELATINACE/E. Watebwoet Family. 

ELATINE, L. Watebwort. 

E. Americana, Arn. 

Margins of ponds and streams. M*, abundant on margins 

of Spot Pond. 

HYPERICACE/E. St. John's-woet Family. 
HYPERICUM, Tourn. St. John's-woet. 

H. ellipticum, Hook. 

Wet places. M*, frequent. 
H. perforatum, L. Common St. John's-wokt. 

Nat. from En. in fields and waste places. B* and M, com- 
mon : — S, frequent. 
H. maculatum, Walt. 

Damp shady places. B*, occasional; near Hoosicwhisick 
Pond, etc. : — if*, W". border of S. Reservoir. 
H. mutilura, L. 

Low ground. B* and M*, common. 
H. Canadense, L. 

Wet sandy soil. B* and JP, common. 
H. nudicaule, Walt. Orange-gbass. Pine-weed. 

Sandy soil. B* and M, common. 

ELODES, Adans. Marsh St. John's-wort. 

E. campanulata, Pursh. 

Low swampy ground. B* and M, frequent :— S*, bog, W. 
of Turtle Pond. 

MALVACE/E. Mallow Family. 
MALVA, L. Mallow. 

M. ROTUNDIFOLIA, L. COMMON MALLOW. CHEESES. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, ground and waste places. B*, com- 
mon : — M* and S, occurs. 



14 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



TILLACE./E. Linden Family. 

TILIA, Tourn. Linden. Basswood. 

T Americana, L. Basswood. 

Rich woods. B, comparatively rare ; single, big, bushy 
tree on knoll in Pine Tree Brook valley ; a few trees in Balster 
Brook valley and edge of upland, E. of Beech Run ; Rattle 
Rock : — M, frequent ; not uncommon as a small tree or shrub in 
rocky woods: — S, apparently rare; meadow, N. W. of Bold 
Knob, a small tree. 

LINACE/E. Flax Family. 

LINUM, L. Flax. 
L. Virginianum, L. 
Open dry woods. B*, common :—M, frequent. 

L. ositatissimum, L. Common Flax. 

Adv. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B, road by 
Wolcott Pines. 



GERANIACE.45. Geranium Family. 

GERANIUM, Tourn. Cranesbill. 

Q. raaculatum, L. Wild Cranesbill. 

Open woods, fields, and roadsides. B*, M and B B*, com- 
mon: — S*, Bellevue Hill, etc., doubtless common. 

Q. Robertianum, L. Herb Robert. 

Moist woods and shaded ravines. B*, frequent ; Hancock 
Hill; Hancock valley, etc. : — M*, frequent on damp rocks in 
woods. 

Q. Carofinianum, L. 

Waste places and barren soil. B, rare ; Rattle Rock : — 
M*, occasional on rocks in open woods, and on upland rocks ; 
Bear Hill, etc. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



15 



OXALIS, L. Wood Sorrel. 
O. vtolacea, L. Violet Wood Sorrel. 

Rich open woods, common South. B B, two plants in grass 
by the brook, 1883. 

0. corniculata, L., var. stricta, Sav. Yellow Wood 

Sorrel. 
Open ground and roadsides. 23*, common : — M, common 
in wood-paths and pastures. 

IMPATIENS, L. Balsam Jewel Weed. 

1. fulva, Nutt. Spotted Touch-me-not. Wild Balsam. 
Open or shaded moist places. Z3* and M, common : — 8, 

bog in woods. 

SIMARUBACE.<4El. Quassia Family. 
AILANTHUS, Desf. Chinese Sumach. Tree op Heaven. 

A. glandulosus, Desf. 

Cult, from China as a shade tree. B, old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 

RUTACE/E. Rue Family. 

XANTHOXYLUn, L. Prickly Ash. 

X. Americanism, Mill. 

Rocky woods and river banks. 23, rare; near Hoosicwbi- 

sick Pond. 

ILICINE^E. Holly Family. 
ILEX, L. Holly. 

I. verticillata, Gray. Black Alder. 

Low grounds and thickets ; the bright-red berries are con- 
spicuous in the autumn and are much used for Christmas 
decorations. 23*, S and 23 B, common on edges of bogs, 
pools, and open wet places, and sometimes in dry open ground ; 



16 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



easily killed back by fire, but sprouts from the old stumps and 
from the roots : — M, common ; low grounds, borders of woods, 
and meadows. 
I. laevigata, Gray. Smooth Winterberry. 

Wet ground. S*, rare ; border of Turtle Pond. 
I. glabra, Gray. Inkberry. 

Sandy wet ground. B m , occasional; Cedar Swamp; by 
Monatiquot Stream. 

NEMOPANTHES, Raf. Mountain Holly. 
N. iascicalaris, Raf. 

Swamps and damp woods. B*, occasional ; Cedar Swamp ; 
Hemlock Bound, etc. : — M, occasional in wet places : — S *, 
occasional ; Happy Valley ; by Turtle Pond, etc. 

CELASTRAXE/4E. Staff-tree Family. 

CELASTRUS, L. Staff-tree. Shrubby Bitter-sweet. 
C. scandens, L. Wax-work. Climbing Bitter-sweet. 

Dry rocky slopes and open woods. B*, occasional; Han- 
cock valley ; Chickatawbut Hill, etc. : — M, frequent ; slope of 
Bear Hill ; woods by N. Reservoir, etc. : — 8 *, woods, W. of 
Turtle Pond : — B B*, occurs. 

RHAMNACE^E. Buckthorn Family. 
RHAMNUS, Tourn. Buckthorn. 

R. CATHARTICA, L. COMMON BUCKTHORN. 

Cult, from Eu. for hedges, and nat. B*, M and 8, not 
generally distributed, but found in many places; pastures, 
hillsides, etc : — BB*, frequent. 

CEANOTHUS, L. New Jersey Tea. 

C. Americanos, L. 

Dry open woods. B *, common in shade on dry slopes and 
often in open fields : — M *, common in open places in woods : 



■S* 



ir Turtle Pond. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



17 



VITACE/E. Vine Family. 

VITIS, Tourn. Gkape. 
V. Labrusca, L. Northern Fox Grape. 

Moist and rocky woods. JS, occasional in moist places ; 
slope of Chickatawbut Hill, etc. ; common by Monatiquot 
Stream: — - M, common in rocky woods and low thickets. 
V. aestivalis, Michx. Summer Grape. 

Thickets. B, frequent : — M*, occasional in rocky and low 
woods : — S *, E. of Rooney's Rock. 

AMPELQPSIS, Michx. Virginian Creeper. Woodbine. 

A. quinqueiolia, Michx. 

Rocky moist woods and sunny ledges. B*, common in 
moist runs, on edges of swamps, and in rocky woods : — M, 
common on rocks and trees in woods : — S and B B, occasional. 



SAPINDACE/E. 

/ESCULUS, L 



Soapberry Family. 

Horse-Chestnut. Buckeye. 
Common Horse-Chestnut. 



/E. Hippocastanum, L. 

Cult, from Asia as a shade tree, and occasionally escaped. 
B *, house-site, Hillside St. ; Great Blue Hill, single tree. 

ACER, Tourn. Maple. 
A. Pennsylvanicum, L. Striped Maple. 
Rich woods. B, rare. 

A. saccharinum, Wang. Sugar or Rock Maple. 

Rich woods. B*, occasional on slopes near streams and in 
rocky glens ; Witch Hazel Run; E. of Hawk Hill, etc. ; rarely 
a good sized tree ; planted along Hillside St. : — M*, common 
as a shrub or small tree iu rocky woods : — S, frequent : — B B, 
cult, near the superintendent's house. 

A. dasycarpum, Ehrh. White or Silver Maple. 

River banks and wet places. B, planted on Randolph Ave. 



18 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



A. rubrum, L. Bed or Swamp Maple. 

Swamps and wet woods. B, common in wet ground and 
occasional on hill slopes ; the finest single trees are on the 
knoll on S. side of Pine Tree Brook valley : — M*, damp woods 
throughout; fine trees just W. of Pine Hill: — B B, occa- 
sional. 

A. PLATANOIDES, L. NORWAY M.APLE. 

Cult, from Eu. as a shade tree. B, planted by house, 
Canton Ave. 

ANACAROIACE^e. Cashew Family. 
RHUS, L. Sumach. 

R. typhina, L. Staghorn Sumach. 

Hillsides and thickets. B, common throughout : — M, com- 
mon in upland rocky woods. 
R. glabra, L. Smooth Sumach. 

Open woods and rocky soil. B*, common throughout :—M*, 
common in open woody places : — 8, frequent ; Milkweed Hill, 
etc. : — B B*, occurs. 
R. copallina, L. Dwarf Sumach. 

Rocky hills, dry fields, and ledges. J3*, common through- 
out : — M, occasional in old pastures and open ground : — 8, oc- 
casional. 
R. venenata, DC. Poison Sumach. Dogwood. 

Swamps. B*, frequent; Cedar Swamp; meadows by 
Monatiquot Stream ; Blueberry Swamp, etc. : — M, frequent 
in boggy woods : — S, border of Turtle Pond. 
R. Toxicodendron, L. Poison Ivy. Poison Oak. 

Fields, roadsides, and dry or wet woods ; soon killed by 
fire. B * and 8, common in all kinds of soil, in shade or sun : 
— M, common in thickets and low grounds : — BB, common. 

POLYQALACE/C. Milkwort Family. 
PQLYGALA, Tourn. Milkwort. 

P. polygama, Walt. 

Dry sandy soil. B *, occasional ; Hancock Hill ; near Hoo- 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



19 



sicwhisick Pond, etc.: — ¥*, common in open places in dry 
woods. 

P. sanguinea, L. 

Sandy and moist ground. B*, common: — M*, frequent 
in pastures and on borders of Winchester Reservoirs. 
P. cruciata, L. 

Meadows and margins of swamps. B*, rare; damp wood- 
path, W. Quincy. 
P. verticillata, L. 

Dry soil. B*, occasional ; Pine Tree Brook valley ; road, 
E. of Great Dome, etc. 

LEGUMINOS^E. Pdlse Family. 

BAPTISIA, Vent. False Indigo. 
B. tinctoria, R. Br. Wild Indigo. 

Dry sandy soil. B*, common everywhere : — M *, common 
in rocky woods : — S, frequent. 

TRIPOLIUM, Tourn. Clover. Trefoil. 
T. arvense, L. Rabbit-foot Clover. 

Nat. from Eu. in old fields and waste places. B* and M, 
common. 
T. pratense, L. Red Clover. 

Adv. from Eu. in fields and pastures. B and BB*, com- 
mon : — M, common everywhere. 

T. repens, L. White Clover. 

Fields and roadsides, everywhere. B, M and BB, common. 

T. HYBRIDUM, L. ALSIKE CLOVER. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B, frequent : 

M, frequent ; border of Doleful Pond ; W. border of S. Reser- 
voir, etc. : — S*, occasional : — BB, occurs. 

T. AGRARIUM, L. YELLOW OR HOP CLOVER. 

Nat. from Eu. by roadsides and in waste places. B*, fre- 
quent ; Hawk Hill ; near Purgatory Road, etc. : — M, frequent 
in fields, open places in dry woods, and by roadsides. 



20 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



MELILOTUS, Tourn. Melilot. Sweet Clover. 
M. officinalis, Willd. Yellow Melilot. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste or cult, places. B, occasional. 

MEDICAGO, Tourn. Medick. 

M. lupulina, L. Black Medick. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places. B, common : — M, com- 
mon in fields and by roadsides : — B B*, occurs. 

TEPHROSIA, Pers. Hoart Pea. 
T. Virginiana, Pers. Hoart Pea. Goat's Rue. 

Dry sandy soil and open woods. B, occasional ; E. slope of 
Great Blue Hill ; by Hoosicwhisick Pond, etc. 

ROBINJA, L. Locust-tree. 

R. Pseudacacia, L. Common Locust. 

Cult, as an ornamental tree and nat. in many places ; native 
South and West. B, clearing off Willard St. : —M, occasional 
near roads ; frequent in rocky woods, mostly as a shrub ; a 
tree 30 ft. high, near Melrose Reservoir : — $;>nd BB, occurs. 

Tick Trefoil. 



B*, common throughout: — M* 



DESMODIUM, Desv 
D. nudifiorum, DC. 

Dry and rocky woods, 
frequent : — 8, occasional. 
D. acuminatum, DC. 

Rich open woods. B*, frequent; S. slope of Great Blue 
Hill, etc. : — M, rocky open woods ; S. of Melrose Reservoir : 
— 8, rare. 
D. roiundifolium, DC. 

Dry rocky woods. B *, common, spreading rapidly in newly 
burnt ground : — M and 8*, dry woods. 
D. cuspidatum, Torr. & Gray. 

Thickets. B*, occasional; S. slope "of Great Blue Hill; 
near Hawk Hill : — M *, rocky open woods near Black Rock : 
— 8, rocky woods. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



21 



D. Dillenii, Darlingt. 

Open woods. J5*, occasional; base of Bear Hill; Purga- 
tory Road, etc. : — M, Cascade woods : — S, rare. 
D. paniculatum, DC. 

Copses. i3*, frequent ; slope of Great Blue Hill ; Hillside 
St. ; Purgatory Boad, etc. : — M*, frequent in rocky and open 
woods ; E. border of N. Reservoir, etc. : — S, rocky woods. 
D. Canadense, DC. 

Woods and open ground. B*, occasional in woods, clear- 
ings, and by roadsides ; valley, S. of Fox Hill, etc. 
D. rigsdum, DC. 

Dry slopes and open places. B, abundant on S. slope of 
Great Blue Hill ; rare elsewhere : — M*, border of woods, E. 
side of N. Reservoir. 
D. ciliare, DC. 

Dry hills and fields. B*, occasional along Hillside St. 
D. Marilandicum, F. Boott. 

Copses. B*, common. 

LESPEDEZA, Michx. Bush Clover. 
L. procumbens, Michx. 

Dry sandy soil. B*, common by roadsides and borders of 
woods ; Rattlesnake Hill ; Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M *, occurs : 
— S*, occurs in dry woods ; a form of bushy upright growth, 
with outer stems decumbent, in woods near Turtle Pond. 
L. violacea, Pers. 

Dry copses. B, Great Blue Hill: — M*, lower slopes of 
Pine Hill. 

L. Virginica, Britton.f L- reticulata, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 141. 
Open woods and roadsides. B*, common: — M*, occurs: 
— S, occasional. 

L. Nuttallii, Darl.J L. Stuvei, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 141, in 

part. 

t Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. xii. 61. 
J Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. xii. 61. 



22 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



Woods. B*, occasional; Great Blue Hill, etc.: — M, by 
Winchester Reservoirs :-—$*, hills and woods near Turtle 
Pond. 

L. intermedia, Britton.f L. Stuvei, var. intermedia, Gray, 
Man. ed. 6, 141. 

Woods and open places. B*, common throughout: — M v , 
common in open rocky woods : — 8*, rocky woods. 
L. polystachya, Michx. 

Dry open places. B*, common throughout: — M*, fre- 
quent in open rocky woods and edges of woods : — S*, occa- 
sional ; rocky woods, etc. 
L. capitata, Michx. 

Dry open places. B *, common throughout : — M, frequent 
by roadsides and borders of woods : — 8, occasional. 

VICIA, Tourn. Vetch. Tare. 

V. sativa, L. Common Vetch or Tare. 

Adv. from Eu. in fields and waste places. M, hillside near 
Washington St. 
V. Cracca, L. 

Open ground and roadsides. M, low ground in open woods : 
— S*, occasional ; N. end of Turtle Pond, etc. 

APIOS, Boerhaave. Ground Nut. Wild Bean. 

A. tuberosa, Moench. 

Low grounds, climbing over bushes. B* , frequent ; Hawk 
Hill ; Hancock Hill, etc. : — M, frequent in low grounds and 
rocky woods : — 8, occasional. 

AMPHICARP/EA, Ell. Hog Peanut. 

A. monoica, Nutt. 

Bich woods and shaded roadsides, twining. B*, common 
throughout : — M, frequent : — S*, rocky woods : — B B*, 
occurs. 

t Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. xii. 63. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



23 



ROSACEA. Rose Family. 
PRUNUS, Tourn. Plum. Cheery. 

P. Peksioa, Sieb. & Zucc. Peach. 

Cult, from Persia. B*, several trees on house-site, Hill- 
side St. 
P. domestica, L. Common Plum. 

Cult, probably from Asia. BB, a well-established patch of 
Damson Plums, near wall below The Falls. 
P. pumila, L. Dwarf Cherry. Sand Cherry. 

Rocky and sandy places. JB*, occasional on or near hill- 
tops in the seams of ledges: — M, occasional. 
P. Cerasus, L. Garden Cherry. 

Cult, from Eu. B, occasional on house-sites and by road- 
sides : — M, one tree, border of wood-road, Melrose. 

P. avium, L. Bird Cherry. 

Cult, from Eu. and often escaped into woods. B*, single 
tree on house-site, Hillside St. : — M, occasional. 

P. Pennsylvanica, L. f. Wild Red Cherry. 

Rocky soil, woods, and thickets. B*, common in dry ledgy 
places and on hill-tops, often on fire-burned slopes where it is 
soon shaded out by stronger plants : — M*, frequent in dry, 
rocky, and upland woods : — S, common on Milkweed Hill : — 
BB, occasional. 

P. Virginiana, L. Choke Cherry. 

Dry rocky places, borders of woods and roadsides. B*, 
frequent : — M *, common : — BB, occurs. 

P. serotina, Ehrh. Wild Black Cherry. 

Woods and open places. B, frequent, usually on ledges : — 
M *, common on borders of woods, and frequent by roadsides. 



SPIR/EA, L. SriRiEA. Meadow Sweet. 

S. tomentosa, L. Hardhack. Steeple Bush. 

Low ground. B* and M, common in meadows and pastures, 



24 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



but shaded out by the growth about it : — 8, occasional : — 

BB, frequent. 

S. salicifolia, L. Common Meadow Sweet. 

Low ground. B*, M, 8 and BB, very common in pas- 
tures, meadows, and by roadsides, but shaded out by the 
growth about it. 

S. Japonica, L. 

Cult, from Japan and China. B, old garden, Park's place, 
Hawk Hill. 
S. prunifolia, Sieb. 

Cult, from Japan. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

S. SORBIFOLTA, L. 

Cult, from Siberia. B, house-site, N. of Blueberry Swamp. 

S. FlLIPENDULA, L. DkOPWORT. 

Cult, from Eu. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

RUBUS, Tourn. Raspberry. Blackberry. 
R. triflorus, Richards. Dwarf or Wood Raspberry. 

Ascending or trailing in damp woods and swamps. B and 
M, frequent. 

R. strigosus, Michx. Wild Red Raspberry. 

Open thickets, old fields, clearings, and roadsides. B *, 
M, 8 and BB*, common on edges of wet ground and on hill- 
sides and roadsides. 
R. occidentalis, L. Thimbleberry. 

Borders of fields and thickets, especially where ground has 
been burnt over. JB*, frequent in open places among rocks, 
and in low thickets: — M*, common on rocky banks and in 
open woody places : — B B*, occurs. 
R. villosus, Ait. High Blackberry. 

Borders of thickets, fence-rows, and roadsides. In all the 
Reservations, in old pastures, on edges of wet runs and borders 
of meadows, not persisting long in shade and partly grown-up 
pastures: — B and M, common: — 8*, frequent: — BB*, oc- 
casional. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



25 



R. Canadensis, L. Low Blackberry. Dewberry. 

Rocky and sandy soil, long-trailing. B, common: — M, 
common in rocky woods and low grounds : — S* and B B*, 
occurs. 
R. hispidus, L. Running Swamp Blackberry. 

Low grounds and sandy places. In all the Reservations, in 
wet meadows, moist fields, dry pastures, and under light 
shade ; spreads rapidly, but is seriously injured by fire : — M, 
common : — J3*, S* and B B, frequent. 

GEUM, L. Avens. 
G. album, Gmelin. 

Thickets and borders of woods. B and B B, occurs : — 
M* . frequent. 
G. Virginianum, L. 

Thickets and borders of woods. M, frequent: — B B, shady 
meadows. 
G. rivale, L. Water Avens. 

Meadows and bogs. M, occasional : — B B, common by the 
brook. 

FRAGARIA, Tourn. Strawberry. 
F. Virginiana, Mill. 

Moist woodlands, fields, and light shady places. B and M, 
common : — B B, occurs. 
F. vesca, L. 

Moist woodlands, fields, and light shady places. M*, Bear 
Hill ; low woods off Ravine Road : — B B*, occurs. 

POTENTILLA, L. Cinquefoil. Five-finger. 
P. arguia, Pursh. 

Sunny rocky slopes. B, rare ; ledges on Great Blue Hill. 
P. Norvegica, L. 

Moist or wet, open or partly shaded soil. B and 31, com- 
mon : — S, occurs. 



26 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



P. argentea, L. Silvery Cinquefoil. 

Thin soil in paths, pastures and on rocks in woods, in sun or 
light shade. B* , M, 8* and BB, common. 
P. palustris, Scop. Marsh Five-finger. 

Swamps and wet places. S*, near Turtle Pond. 
P. Canadensis, L. Common Cinquefoil. Five-finger. 

Fields, meadows, roadsides, and open woods. B*, M* , S 9 
and BB*, common. 

AGRJMONIA, Tourn. Agrimony. 

A. Eupatoria, L. Common Agrimony. 

Borders of woods, pastures, and roadsides. B* , frequent: — 
M*, common : — B B*, occurs. 

ROSA, Tourn. Eose. 
R. Carolina, L. Swamp Rose. 

Moist low thickets, and borders of swamps and streams. 
M*, common: — 8 and BB*, occurs. 
R. lucida, Ehrh. Common Wild Rose. 

Low thickets, fields and roadsides. B, M, S* and BB, 
frequent on the edges of meadows, in pastures, and on ledges. 
R. humilis, Marsh. 

Dry soil and rocky slopes. B*, occasional ; E. slope of 
Hancock Hill, etc. : — M, Bear Hill: — 8*, occasional. 
R. rubiginosa, L. B. micrantha, Smith. Sweet Brier. 
Eglantine. 

Int. from Eu. into pastures, thickets, and roadsides. B*, 
frequent on Hawk Hill, etc. : — M, Pine Hill ; woods on Bear 
Hill, etc. : — BB, occurs. 
R. cinnamomea, L. Cinnamon Rose. 

Cult, from Eu. and occasionally escaped. B*, house-site 
on Hillside St. 
R. canina, L. Dog Rose. 

Int. from Eu. and occasionally escaped. B, old garden, 
Park's place. Hawk Hill. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



27 



R. Manettii, Hort. 

An Italian rose of unknown origin, used as stocks on which 
to bud garden roses. 23, growing and spreading somewhat in 
old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

PYRUS, L. Pear. Apple. 

P. communis, L. Common Peae. 

Cult, from Eu. and occasionally self-sown in pastures, by 
roadsides, etc. 23, If, 8 and 2323*, house-sites, fields, and 
open woods. 

P. Malus, L. Common Apple. 

Cult, from Eu. and frequently self-sown in pastures, by 
roadsides, etc. B, M, S and BB, house-sites, fields, woods, 
pastures, old orchards and cellars. 

P. arbutifolia, L. f. Chokeberry. 

Damp thickets, swamps, fields, roadsides, etc. 23*, frequent 
in wet and dry soil and on exposed hill-tops, not persisting 
long in shade : — M* and S*, common. 

Var. melanocarpa, Hook. 

Same habitat as the species. B* and M, common. 

P. Aucupaeia, Gaertn. European Mountain Ash. 

Cult, from Eu. and occasionally escaped. .73*, several 
escaped trees opposite Old Houghton Place : — Jf *, frequent as 
a shrub in woods ; several slender trees on border of wood : — 
2323, a small tree. 

P. Cydonia, L. Common Quince. 

Cult, from Eu. and occasionally escaped. M, a few trees in 
old orchard off Pond St. 



CRAT/EGUS, L. Hawthorn. Thorn. 

C. OxYACANTHA, L. ENGLISH HAWTHORN. 

Cult, from Eu. and occasionally escaped. 23 Z3*, frequent 
under Waverly Oaks. 



28 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



AMELANCHIER, Medic. Shadbush. June Berry. Sugar 

Plum. 
A. Canadensis, Torr. & Gray. Shadbush. Service Berry. 

Dry or wet places, in sun or shade. In all the Reservations 
from the edges of lowlands to the tops of the hills : — B , fre- 
quent : — M, common : — S and BB, occasional. 
Var. (?) obiomgifolia, Torr. & Gray. 

Low ground, swampy open woods, and hill-tops. B* , fre- 
quent : — M *, common : — 8, occasional. 

SAXIFRAGACE^E. Saxifrage Family. 

SAXIFRAQA, L. Saxifrage. 
S. Virginiensis, Michx. Early Saxifrage. 

Dry hillsides, open or shaded ledges, and brooksides. B, 
frequent : — M * and BB, common. 
S. Pennsylvanica, L. Swamp Saxifrage. 

Meadows and swamps. B and M, frequent : — BB, common. 

CHRYSOSPLENIUM, Tourn. Golden Saxifrage. 

C. Americanum, Schwein. 

Shaded wet grounds, and by springs and brooks. B* , rare : 
— M*, frequent: — S*, occurs : — BB*, common. 

DEUTZIA, Thunb. 

D. gracilis, Sieb. & Zucc. 

Cult, from Japan. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk 
Hill. 

D. scabra, Thunb. 

Cult, from China and Japan. B, old garden, Park's place 
Hawk Hill. 

HYDRANGEA, Gronov. 
H. paniculata, Sieb. Hardy Hydrangea. 

Cult, from Japan. B, a large-flowered variety in old gar- 
den, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



29 



PHILADELPHIA, L. Mock Orange. Sykinga. 

P. COEONAEIUS, L. 

Cult, from S. Eu. B*, old garden, Park's place, Hawk 
Hill ; roadside opp. Old Houghton Place. 

P. Gordonianus, Lindl. 

Cult, from Cal. and Oregon. B, old garden, Park's place, 
Hawk Hill. 

RIBES, L. Gooseberry. Currant. 

R. oxyacanthoides, L. Wild Gooseberry. 

Pocky moist slopes and open woods. B*, common: — M, 
occasional. 

R. rubrum, L. Garden Currant. 

Cult, from Eu. B*, about old cellar, Hawk Hill ; house- 
site, Hillside St. 

Var. subglandulosum, Maxim. Red Currant. 

Damp woods, and bogs. M*, rare ; near Ravine Road. 

R. nigrum, L. Garden Black Currant. 

Cult, from Eu. B, persisting in old garden, house-site, E. of 
Hillside St. 

CRASSULACE/E. Orpine Family. 
PENTHORUM, Gronov. Ditch Stonecrop. 
P. sedoides, L. 

Bogs, and borders of swamps and streams. B*, If and B B*, 
occurs sparingly. 

SEDUM, Tourn. Stonecrop. Orpine. 

S. acre, L. Mossy Stonecrop. 

Cult, from Eu. and escaped to rocky places. B, occurs. 

S. Telepiiium, L. Live-for-ever. 

Cult, from Eu. in old gardens and escaped to roadsides, etc. 
jB*, house-site, Hillside St. : — M, occurs. 



30 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



DRQSERACE/E. Sundew Family. 
DROSERA, L. Sundew. 
D. rotundifolia, L. Round-leaved Sundew. 

Sphagnous bogs, meadows, sandy shores of ponds, etc. B*, 
frequent : — S *, edge of Turtle Pond. 
D. intermedia, Hayne, var. Americana, DC. 

Bogs, borders of ponds, etc. B and M*, frequent: — S*, 
edge of Turtle Pond. 



Witch Hazel Family. 
Witch Hazel. 



HAMAMELIDE/E. 

HAMAMELI8, L. 
H. Virginiana, L. 

Damp or dry woods. B*, common in moist shady runs, at 
the base of rocky slopes, and on hillsides : — M*, common on 
damp rocky hillsides and in low woods:' — S* and BB*, 
occurs. 

HALORAGE/E. Water Milfoil Family. 

MYRIOPHYLLUM, Vaill. Water Milfoil. 

M. ambiguum, Nutt., var. capillaceum, Torr & Gray. 

Ponds and slow streams. M, frequent along the S. and W. 
shores of Spot Pond. 

PROSERPINACA, L. Mermaid Weed. 

P. paiustris, L. 

Swamps, wet borders of ponds, and meadows. B* and Jf*, 
occasional. 

CALLITRICHE, L. Water Starwort. 

C. verna, L. 

Ponds and still water. B, small form in mud, entirely 
emersed : — M, common in ditches and stagnant water. 
C. heterophyila, Pursh. 

Ponds and stagnant water. M* , ditch by Spot Pond; form 
entirely immersed, Stoneharn : — S*, swamp, S. W. of Office. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



31 



MELASTGMACE/E. Melastoma Family. 

RHEXIA, L. Meadow Beauty. 

R. Virginica, L. 

Open, wet, sandy or gravelly soil and open meadows. B*, 
common round Hoosicwhisick Pond. 



LYTHRACEAi. Loosestrife family. 

LYTHRUM, L. Loosestrife. 

L. Hyssopifolia, L. 

Boggy and wet meadows. B*, occurs. 

DECODON, Gmel. Swamp Loosestrife. 

D. verticiflatus, Ell. 

Bogs and wet places. B*, frequent; by Hoosicwhisick 
Pond; Cedar Swamp, etc. : — M, by Doleful Pond: — 8, by 
Turtle Pond. 

ONAGRACE/E. Evening Primrose Family. 

LUDWIGIA, L. False Loosestrife. 
L. palustris, L. Water Purslane. 

Bogs, ditches, and wet ground. B*, frequent: — M'*, com- 
mon. 

EPILOBIUM, L. Willow Herb. 

E. angustifoiium, L. Fireweed. 

Low ground, rocky places, and especially where forests have 
been cleared, and ground burnt over. B* and M*, com- 
mon : — S*, frequent. 
E. lineare, Muhl. 

Bogs and wet ground. JS*, Cedar Swamp ; by Hoosicwhi- 
sick Pond : — M, common. 
E. coloratura, Muhl. 

In all wet places. B*, occasional ; near the Old Glover 
Place ; near Hoosicwhisick Pond, etc. 



32 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



E. adenocaulon, Haussk. 

In all wet places. U», Pine Tree Brook meadow ; pool, S. 
E. of Great Dome : — M *, frequent. 

OENOTHERA, L. Evening Primrose. 
<E. biennis, L. Common Evening Primrose. 

Fields, roadsides, and open grounds. B and M, common. 
CE. pumila, L. 

Dry soil in open places. B, occurs: — M, common: — 
S*, occasional. 

C1RC/EA, Tourn. Enchanter's Nightshade. 

C. Lutetiana, L. 

Moist shady places. B*, occasional: — M, occasional in 
damp open woods : — BB, rare. 

CUCURBITACE^E. Goran Family. 
ECHINOCYSTIS, Torr. & Gray. Wild Balsam Apple. 
E. lobata, Torr. & Gray. 

Low grounds and waste places, native West ; extensively 
cult, for arbors, and run wild. M, roadside : — 8*, house-yard. 

FICOIDE/E. 

MOLLUQO, L. Indian Chick-weed. 

M. VERTICILLATA, L. CARPET WEED. 

Roadsides and about cult, grounds ; from the tropics. B *, 
common. 

UMBELLIFER/E. Parsley Family. 

DAUCUS, Tourn. Carrot. 

D. Carota, L. 

Cult, from Eu. and run wild in fields and by roadsides. M, 
common. 

PASTINACA, L. Parsnip. 
P. sativa, L. 

Cult, from Eu. and run wild in old fields and waste places. 
B*, common: — M and S, occasional. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



33 



SIUM, L. Watek Parsnip. 
5. cicuteefolium, Gmelin. 

In water and wet places. B*, frequent : — M*, common in 
meadows, ditches, and on borders of ponds. 

5. Carsonii, Durand. 

In running and still water ; an interesting species, showing 
forms grading into the above. B*, Monatiquot Stream. 

CARUM, L. Caraway. 
C. Carui, L. 

Cult, from Eu. for the "caraway seed" and nat. in many 
places in fields and by roadsides. M, occasional. 

CICUTA, L. Water Hemlock. 
C. maculata, L. 

Low grounds everywhere, very poisonous to taste. B * fre- 
quent : • — M*, frequent in meadows aud by borders of ponds: 
— S, occurs. 

C. buifoifera, L. 

Wet places, very poisonous to taste. B*, Cedar Swamp : 

M, frequent; borders of N. and S. Reservoirs, etc. 

OSMORRHIZA, Eaf. Sweet Cicely. 
O. brevistylis, DC. 

Rich, moist, open woods. M, frequent in damp rocky 
woods; abundant at Cascade ; Virginia Wood. 

O. longistylis, DC. 

Rich, moist, open woods. M, Virginia Wood ; by Spot 
Pond : —B B *, near The Falls. 

HYDROCOTYLE, Tourn. Water Pennywort. 

H. Americana, L. 

Wet woods and meadows. B *, occasional : — 3£, common : 
— S, occurs. 



34 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



SANICULA, Tourn. Black Snakeroot. 

S. Marylandica, L. 

Thickets, open dry or moist woods, and meadows. B *, 
common : — M *, common in damp woods : — 8 *, frequent in 
rocky woods. 

ARALIACE/E. Ginseng Family. 
ARALIA, Tourn. Wild Sarsaparilla. 

A. racemosa, L. Spikenard. Life-oe-man. 

Rich soil in woods and open places. 23*, rare; W. slope 
of Great Blue Hill ; Hawk Hill : — M*, occasional. 
A. hispida, Vent. Bristly Sarsaparilla. 

Rocky places and sandy soil. B*, common; ledges, N. of 
Fox Hill, etc. : — M, common in upland rocky woods; abun- 
dant on S- shore of Spot Pond : — S, Milkweed Hill. 
A. nudicaulis, L. Wild Sarsaparilla. 

Rich woods and moist woodlands. B * and M, common : — 
2323*, occasional. 

CORNACE/E. Dogwood Family. 
CORNUS, Tonrn. Cornel. Dogwood. 

C. Canadensis, L. Bdnchberry. Dware Cornel. 

Damp woods. 23*, rare; valley, N. of Wampatuck Hill; 
Hawk Hill : — M, occasional : — 8*, occurs. 

C. florida, L. Flowering Dogwood. 

Dry and moist rocky woods. B *, frequently found on dry 
and rocky slopes and near the edges of moist runs in the E. 
section, less frequently in the W. and central sections ; easily 
killed by fire, but sprouts freely from the stumps : — M*, oc- 
casional throughout ; rather common in the region of Spot 
Pond : — S *, frequent. 

C circinata, L'Her. Round-leaved Cornel. 

Rich rocky woods. B*, ledges and woods; E. slope of 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



35 



Hancock Hill ; Great Dome, etc. : — M*, E. of Melrose Res- 
ervoir ; rocky woods near Cascade : — S, occurs. 

C. sericea, L. Silky Cornel. Kinnikinnik. 

Wet places. B * and M, common : — S, frequent : — BB*, 
occasional. 
C. paniculata, L'Her. Panicled Cornel. 

Dry open ground, roadsides, and thickets. B * and M*, 
common: — S m , rare; meadow, N. W. of Bold Knob; Over- 
brook Hill : — BB, occasional. 
C. alternifolia, L. f. Alternate-leaved Cornel. 

Woods, hillsides, banks of streams, and wet places. B and 
M, common : — S and B B, occasional in moist places. 

NYSSA, L. Tupelo. Sour-gum Tree. 
N. sylvatica, Marsh. Tupelo. Black or Sour Gum. Pep- 
peridge. 
Swamps and rich woods. B, occasional; W. of Great 
Dome, etc. ; the finest trees on W. side of Purgatory Road : — 
M, occasional ; Great Island, etc. : — 8 *, occurs. 



Division II. GAMOPETALiE. 

CAPRI FO LI ACE^E, Honeysuckle Family. 
SAMBUCUS, Tourn. Elder. 
S. Canadensis, L. Common Elder. 

Rich soil in open places ; persists for a time in shady wet 
ground, but grows weaker each year and finally disappears. 
B and M, common: — S and B B, occasional. 
S. racemosa, L. Red-berried Elder. 
Rocky woods and shaded slopes. B, rare. 

VIBURNUM, L. Arrow Wood. 
V. acerifolium, L. Maple-leaved Viburnum. Dock- 
mackie. 
Rocky woods ; much injured by fires, taut spreads freely 
from the roots. B*, M and S*, common. 



36 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



V. dentatum, L. Arrow Wood. 

Swamps, meadows, damp woods, and roadsides. B* and M, 
common: — S* and BB*, occasional. 
V. cassinoides, L. Withe-rod. 

Moist woods and wet places. B*, frequent ; Hawk Hill ; 
Purgatory Road ; Blueberry Swamp ; Bouncing Brook valley, 
etc. : — M and 8*, occasional in swampy places. 
V. Lentago, L. Sweet Viburnum. 

Open woods, banks of streams, and clearings. B*, occa- 
sional ; W. of Pasture Run ; near Streamside Ledge ; Chicka- 
tawbut Hill, etc.: — M*, frequent: — 8*, Happy Valley: — 
BB*, occasional. 

TRIOSTEUM, L. Feverwort. Horse Gentian. 
T. perfoliatum, L. 

Rich woods. B, occasional ; S. side of Great Blue Hill ; 
Purgatory Road, etc. : — M, occasional. 

LONICERA, L. Honeysuckle. 

L. SEMPERVIRENS, Ait. TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE. 

Wild from N. Y. south, common in cultivation. B, escaped : — 
M, escaped into the woods, very local. 
L. Japonica, Thunb. Japanese Honeysuckle. 

Cult, from Japan and China. B, old garden, Park's place, 
Hawk Hill. 

DIERVILLA, Tourn. Bush Honeysuckle. 
D. trifida, Moench. 

Rocky open places. B*, common on cliffs, ledges, and 
hill-tops : — M, common in rocky open woods : — 8 and B B, 
frequent. 



5IACE/E. Madder Family. 

HOUSTONIA, L. 
H. caerulea, L. Innocence. Bluets. Quaker Ladies. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



37 



Open, moist, grassy places. B and M, common : — S, 
frequent. 
H. purpurea, L. , vax. longifolia, Gray. 

Rocky or gravelly soil in open places. B*, common : — M*, 
occasional on rocks in upland woods ; Bear Hill ; E. border of 
N. Reservoir, etc. : — S *, slope of Bellevue Hill, etc. 

CEPHALANTHUS, L. Button Bush. 
C. occidentalis, L. 

Swamps and wet places, not persisting long in heavy shade 
or dry soil. B *, common : — M *, S and B B, frequent. 

MITCHELLA, L. Partridge Berry. 
M. repens, L. 

Rich woods, creeping. B*, M*, S * and BB, common. 

GALIUM, L. Bedstraw. 
G. verum, L. Yellow Bedstraw. 

Nat. from Eu. in dry places. 8 *, occasional ; covering a 
knoll, Happy Valley ; Washington St. : — B B *, a single clump. 

Q. Aparine, L. Cleavers. 

Moist shady places. M, frequent in low grounds and damp 
woods. 

Q. pilosum, Ait. 

Dry rocky woods. B *, occasional : — M *, rare. 

Q. circaszans, Michx. Wild Liquorice. 
Dry rocky woods. B and M *, frequent. 

Q. lanceolatum, Torr. Wild Liquorice. 

Dry rocky woods. B *, common : — M *, frequent : — S *, 
Overbrook Hill. 

G. boreale, L. Northern Bedstraw. 

Rocky banks of streams, westward ; uncommon in New 
England, but occasionally planted. B, old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 



38 



METROPOLITAN PAKK FLORA. 



Q. trifidum, L. Small Bedstraw. 

Bogs, meadows, and moist open woods. B* and M*, com- 
mon : — S and B B, occurs : — M* and S *, forms approach- 
ing var. latifolium, Torr. 
Var. latifolium, Torr. 

Same habitat as the species. M *, rare. 
Q. asprellum, Michx. Rough Bedstraw. 

Low thickets, roadsides, and wet places. B *, Cedar 
Swamp : — M, frequent in low ground on borders of meadows 
and ponds. 
Q. triflorum, Michx. Sweet-scented Bedstraw. 

Open and rocky woods, and boggy places. B*, occasional ; 
Hawk Hill, etc.: — M*, occasional; near Cascade and S. 
Reservoir, etc. 



C0MP0SIT7E. Composite Family. 

MIKANIA, Willd. Climbing Hemp Weed. 

M. scandens, L. 

Low thickets by streams. B* and S *, occasional : - 
abundant by the brook just N. of Trapelo Road. 



BB*, 



EUPATORIUM, Tourn. Thoroughwort. 
E. purpureum, L. Joe-Pye Weed. 

Meadows, swamps, and wet places. B *, M*, S and B B, 
common. 
Var. maculatum, Darl.| 

Same habitat as the species. B *, road to Sawcut Notch. 
Var. amcenum, Gray. 

Dry woods. B*, rare. 
E. teucrifolium, Willd. 

Low woods and moist thickets. B *, frequent : — M*, woods, 
W. border of Spot Pond : — 8 *, border of thickets by Turtle 
Pond. 

t See Syn. Fl. N". Amer. i. pt. 2, 9G. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



39 



E. rotundifolium, L., var. ovatum, Torr. 

Low grounds. B *, occasional ; valley, N. of Wampatuck 
Hill ; slope of Buck Hill, etc. 
E. sessilifolium, L. Upland Boneset. 

Dry wooded ground. B *, occasional ; ledges on slopes of 
Great Blue Hill ; Babel Rock, etc. 
E. perfoliatum, L. 

Low shady ground. B * and M, common : — S, damp 
woods. 
E. ageratoides, L. White Snake-root. 

Rich woods. M *, rare. 
E. aromaticum, L. 

Dry woods. JS*, occasional; S. slope of Great Blue Hill ; 
W. slope of Hancock Hill; Hawk Hill:— M, W. shore of 
Spot Pond, etc. : — S*, rocky hillside by Turtle Pond. 



SOLIDAQO, L. Golden Rod. 

S. csesia, L. 

Open rich woods and shaded roadsides. B, frequent : — M 
and S, common in damp woods. 
S. latifoiia, L. 

Moist woods and shaded places. B*, occasional; ledges, 
N. slopes of Wampatuck and Fox Hills: — M*, occasional; 
Cascade, etc. 
S. bicolor, L. 

Dry woods, fields and roadsides. B*, M and S, common. 
S. puberula, Nutt. 

Sandy ground. B, occasional : — M, open thickets. 
S. odora, Ait. Sweet Golden Rod. 

Dry or sandy soil. JB*, common : — Jfef*, frequent on bor- 
ders of woods and by dry woody paths : — S *, dry woods. 
S. rugosa, Mill. 

Moist or dry ground, fields, and edges of meadows. jB* 
and M, common : — 8, frequent. 



40 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



S. ulmifolia, Muhl. 

Moist woodlands and fields. B *, occasional ; by Hoosic- 
whisick Pond; by Cedar Swamp, etc. : — M*, occasional; 
damp woods, W. borders of Spot Pond, etc.: — 8*, rocky 
woods, etc. 

S. Elliottii, Torr. & Gray. 

Swamps and meadows. J3*, rare. 
S. neglecta, Torr. & Gray. 

Swamps, especially sphagnous bogs. B, occasional ; by 
Monatiquot Stream, etc. : — M, borders of N. Reservoir: — S, 
a form approaching var. linoides, Gray, border of Turtle Pond. 
Var. linoides, Gray. 

Same habitat as the species. 8, rare. 
S. arguta, Ait. 

Moist woods. B *, rare : — M, frequent on Pine Hill. 
S. juacea, Ait. Early Golden Rod. 

Dry rocky ground and open woods. B* and M*, common. 
S. serotima, Ait. 

Moist or rich ground. M, frequent. 
Var. gigantea, Gray. 

Moist or rich ground. B, common : — M*, meadow, S. E. 
of Bear Hill : — 8*, swamp. 
S. Canadensis, L. 

Meadows, fields, and shady ground. B, M, 8 and BB, 
common. 

Var. giabrata, Porter. f 

Same habitat as the species. B *, rare. 
S. nemoralis, Ait. 

Dry sterile fields and open woods. B* and M *, common : — 
8, frequent. 
S. lanceolata, L. 

Moist ground, fields, roadsides, and borders of woods. B*, 
frequent : - — M, common. 

tSee Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xxi. 310. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



41 



SERICOCARPUS, Nees. White-topped Aster. 

S. conyzoides, Nees. 

Dry open ground. B*, common on Hawk Hill, Hancock 
Hill, Great Blue Hill, etc. : — -M*, common in rocky woods 
and abundant on rocky borders of Reservoirs : — S*, occurs. 
S. solidaginetts, Nees. 

Dry or moist woods and hill-tops. B *, frequent on or near 
the exposed summits of the hills ; more common, apparently, 
W. of Hillside St. ; Great Blue Hill ; Hancock Hill ; Boyce 
Hill, etc. : — M*, rare ; dry woods. 

ASTER, L. Aster. 

A. corymbosus, Ait. 

Dry woods. B *, common : — M, frequent. 
A. macrophyllus, L. Great-leaved Aster. 

Moist woods. B* ) common, not blossoming every year : — 
M *, occasional in rocky woods in Cascade region, etc. : — S*, 
low ground near Turtle Pond. 
A. Herveyi, Gray. 

Borders of oak woods in company with A. macrophyllus and 

A. spectabilis, and possessing characteristics of both species. 

B, rare ; Great Blue Hill : — S, rare. 
A. spectabilis, Ait. 

Sandy soil. J5*, rare ; slope of Great Blue Hill ; near Rat- 
tlesnake Hill, etc. : — S, rare. 
A. Nov£e=Anglije, L. 

Low ground. B *, rare ; base of Great Blue Hill, etc. 
A. patens, Ait. 

Dry open grounds. B*, iTf and S*, common in dry woods. 
A. undulatus, L. 

Dry ground, borders of woods, and roadsides. B, M and 
S, common. 
A. cordifolius, L. Heart-leaved Aster. 

Wooded banks and open woods. B, frequent : — M, com- 
mon in rocky woods. 



42 



METROPOLITAN TAKE FLORA. 



A. laevis, L. 

Borders of woods, roadsides, and fields, in rather dry 
ground. B, frequent : — Jf, common. 
A. ericoides, L. 

Dry open places. M, rare ; near N. Reservoir. 
A. multiflorus, Ait. 

Dry open ground or sterile soil. B, common : —M, N. 
border of N. Reservoir. 
A. dumosus, L. 

Borders of moist or dry woods. B *, occasional ; W. of 
Babel Rock, etc. :— M*, W. border of S. Reservoir. 
A. vimineus, Lam. 

Moist ground. B, common : —M, common in meadows and 
low grounds. 

Var. foliolosus, Gray. 

Same habitat as the species. B*, base of Great Dome; 
road up E. slope of Shadow Point. 
A. diffusus, Ait. 

Dry or moist open ground. B, common : — M and S, fre- 
quent. 
A. paniculatus, Lam. 

Moist, generally shady ground. M*, meadows and ditches 
round Spot Pond; meadow, S. of Bear Hill. 
A. longifolius, Lam. 

Low ground. B, rare ; N. E. part of Reservation. 
A. Novi-Belgii, L. 

Low or wet ground. B and M, common. 
A. tardiflorus, L. 

Low ground. B, rare ; N. E. part of Reservation. 
A. puniceus, L. 

Swamps, low thickets, damp roadsides, and meadows. B 
and M, frequent. 

Var. lasvicaulis, Gray. 

Same habitat as the species. B, rare ; Cedar Swamp. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



43 



A. umbellatus, Mill. 

Meadows, moist thickets, and roadsides. B* and 8, com- 
mon : — M *, frequent. 
A. linariifolius, L. 

Dry sandy or gravelly soil, in open places. B*, M* and S, 
common. 
A. acuminatus, Michx. 

Damp woods and shaded meadows. B*, frequent: — M*, 
common : — S, occurs. 
A. nemoralis, Ait. 

Bogs and swamps. B*, rare; shore of Hoosicwhisick 
Pond ; not typical, but approaching var. Blakei, Porter. f 

ERIGERON, L. Fleabane. 
E. Canadensis, L. Hoeseweed. Butteeweed. 

Waste places, fields, and roadsides; a common weed. B * 
and BB, frequent : — M, common : — S, occasional. 
E. annuus, Pers. Daisy Fleabane. 

Fields and waste places. B, occurs: — M, frequent. 
E. strigosus, Muhl. Smaller Daisy Fleabane. 

Fields and waste places. B * and M, common : — S *, Bear- 
berry Hill, etc. :—BB*, occurs. 
E. beJlidifolius, Muhl. Robin's Plantain. 

Damp ground in fields and open woods. B *, occasional : — 
M, frequent : — B B, occurs. 
E. Philadelphicus, L. Common Fleabane. 

Moist open woods and fields. B, slope of G-reat Blue Hill : 
— S *, occurs. 

ANTENNARIA, Gaertn. Everlasting. 

A. plantaginifolia, Hook. Plantain-leaved Everlasting. 

Dry open or shaded ground. B, common : — M*, common 
in open rocky woods, etc. : — S * and B B, frequent in thin 
poor soil. 

t See Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xxi. 311. 



u 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



ANAPHALIS, DC. Everlasting. 
A. margaritacea, Benth. & Hook. Pearly Everlasting. 

Open woods, dry fields, and roadsides. B*, common : - 
M *, frequent in dry woods and on rocky borders of Reservoirs :— 

$*, frequent; S. slope of Bellevue Hill. 

QNAPHAUUM, L. Cudweed. 
G. polycephalum, Michx. Common Everlasting. 

Dry open woods, fields, and roadsides. B *, occasional : — 
M*, frequent on rocky borders of Winchester Reservoirs and 
Spot Pond, etc. : — S, dry rocks. 

Q. decurrens, Ives. Everlasting. 

Dry open ground. B *, rare ; ledge on slope of Fox Hill. 
Q. uliginosum, L. Low Cudweed. 

Low ground. B*, M* and 8, common. 

AMBROSIA, Tourn. Ragweed. 
A. artemisiaefolia, L. Roman Wormwood. Ragweed. 

Dry cult, and waste ground. B* and M, common: — £, 
frequent : — BB, occasional. 

XANTHIUM, Tourn. Cocklebur. 
X. Canadense, Mill., var. echinatum, Gray. 

Sandy soil near the sea. B, house-site, base of Rattlesnake 
Hill : — M, along Highland Ave. and Elm St. 

RUDBECKIA, L. Cone Flower. 
R. hirta, L. Black-eyed Susan. 

Nat. from the West in meadows and fields. B *, near old 
house-sites : — M, frequent in cult, ground. 



HELIANTHUS, L. Sunflower. 
H. annuus, L. Common Sunflower. 

Cult, from the West and run wild in waste places, 
house-site. 



M, old 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



45 



H. divaricatus, L. 

Dry open ground and edges of thickets. B*, common: 

M, dry woods, base of Pine Hill, etc. : — 8 *, dry woods near 
Turtle Pond, etc. 

H. strumosus, L. 

Open woods. B, rare. 

BIDENS, L. Bur Marigold. 

B. frondosa, L. Common Beggar-ticks. 

Wet open ground, meadows, and damp roadsides. B * and 
M *j common : — S * and B B, occasional. 

B. connata, Muhl. Swamp Beggar-ticks. 

Wet open ground. B *, frequent ; Pine Tree Brook meadow, 
etc.: — M*, common in ditches and meadows round Spot 
Pond : — S*, bog. 

B. cernua, L. Smaller Bur Marigold. 

Wet places. M *, abundant in ditches and meadows round 
Spot Pond, etc. : — BB *, occurs. 

B. Beckii, Torr. Water Marigold. 

Ponds and slow streams. B *, rare ; Monatiquot Stream. 

ANTHEMLS, L. Chamomile. 

A. Cotula, DC. Matweed. 

Nat. from Eu. by roadsides and in all waste places. B, 
common: — M, 8 and BB, occasional. 

ACHILLEA, L. Yarrow. 

A. Millefolium, L. Common Yarrow. 

Dry grassy fields and roadsides. B, common ; Hawk Hill ; 
Hancock Hill, etc. : — M, common in wood-roads, paths, fields, 
and open rocky woods ; the pink form, near N. Reservoir : 
— 8* and BB, common. 

A. Ptarmica, L. Sneezewort. 

Cult, from Eu. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 



46 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



CHRYSANTHEMUM, Tourn. Ox-eye Daisy. 
C. Leucanthemum, L. Daisy. White-weed. 

Nat. from Eu. as a common weed in pastures, meadows, and 
by roadsides. B, M and BB, common : — S, occasional. 
C. Parthenium, Pers. Feverfew. 

Cult, from Eu. and adv. in some places. B *, spreading as 
a weed in old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

TANACETUM, L. Tansy. 
T. vulgare, L. Common Tansy. 

Nat. from Eu. by roadsides, old dwellings, and escaping 
into fields. B *, common : — M and S *, occasional. 

ARTEMISIA, L. Wormwood. 
A. vulgaris, L. Mugwort. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places near dwellings. B, occa- 
sional ; Willard St. 

A. biennis, Willcl. 

Dry open places ; native West, and becoming nat. in the 
East. B*, rare ; old cult, field near Hemlock Bound. 

SENECIO, Tourn. Groundsel. 
S. aureus, L. Golden Ragwort. 

Swamps, meadows, and bogs. B, frequent : — M, common : 
— S*, occasional. 
Var. Balsamitae, Torr. & Gray. 

Rocky open woods. JB*, occasional ; near summit of Great 
Blue Hill : — M *, rare ; Bear Hill. 

ERECHT1TES, Raf. Fireweed. 
E. hieracifolia, Raf. 

Woods and thickets, becoming very vigorous on recently 
burnt ground. B * and M, common : — S, frequent. 

Forma, E. ambigua, DC.f , a smaller plant with petioled 
leaves ; same habitat as the species. _B, rare : — M*, rare ; 
near S. Reservoir. 

t See DC. Prodr. vi. 205. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



47 



ARCTIUM, L. Buedock. 

A. Lappa, L., var. minus, Gray. 

Nat. from Eu. in all waste places; our common form. 
M, S and B B, occasional. 



B, 



CNICUS, Tourn. Thistle. 

C. lanceolatus, Hoffm. Common Thistle. 

Nat. from Eu. in pastures, waste places, and by roadsides. 
B*, meadow by Pine Tree Brook: — M, common, especially 
along roadsides and in cult, ground ; border of swamp, E. side 
of Bear Hill. 
C. muticus, Pursh. Swamp Thistle. 

Swamps and low ground. B, occasional. 
C. pumilus, Torr. Pasture Thistle. 

Dry pastures and roadsides. B*, occasional; Pine Tree 
Brook valley, etc. : — If*, frequent in open places ; woods on 
slope of Bear Hill, etc. 
C. aevensis, Hoffm. Canada Thistle. 

Nat. from Eu. as a common and often troublesome weed in 
pastures, cult, fields, and by roadsides. M, frequent : — 8, oc- 
casional. 

CENTAUREA, L. Star Thistle. 
C. Cyanus, L. Bachelor's Button. Cornflower. 

Cult, from Eu. and escaped from gardens to roadsides and 
waste places. B, persisting from seed in old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 
C. nigra, L. Knapweed. 

Adv. from Eu. in fields, waste places, and by roadsides. 
M *, well established on Forest St. and near N. Reservoir ; 
S. shore of Spot Pond, etc. 

KRIGIA, Sclireb. Dwarf Dandelion. 
K. Virginica, Willd. 

Dry pastures and sandy places. B *, common, especially on 



48 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



hill- tops : — M, common on upland exposed rocks : — S *, oc- 
casional ; Milkweed Hill, etc. 

CICHORIUM, Tourn. Chicory. Succory. 

C. Intybus, L. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and by roadsides. B *, field by Old 
Houghton Place : — M, common : — S, about house-site, 
Happy Valley. 

LEONTODON, L. Hawkbit. 
L. autumnalis, L. Fall Dandelion. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields, meadows, and by roadsides. B* 
and M, common. 

HIERACIUM, Tourn. Hawkweed. 

H. Canadense, Michx. 

Dry open woods and roadsides. B*, rare ; observed^ in two 
localities. 
H. paniculatum, L. 

Dry open woods and shaded roadsides. B* and M*, com- 
mon : — S, occasional. 
H. venosurn, L. Rattlesnake- weed. 

Dry open woods. B*, M* and 8 *, common. 
H. Marianum, Willd. 

Dry open woods. B, rather common : — M, rare ; near 
Bear's Den Path : — S*, rare ; Milkweed Hill. 
H. scabram, Michx. 

Dry open woods and shaded roadsides. B*, M* and 8*, 
frequent. 

PRENANTHES, Vaill. Rattlesnake-root. 

P. a!ba, L. White Lettuce. Rattlesnake-root. 

Rich open woods. M *, common in damp woods : — S, 
woods near Turtle Pond. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



49 



P. serpentaria, Pursh. 

Dry soil in open places, 
casional. 



B *, common : — M* and S *, oc- 



TARAXACUM, Halter. Dandelion. 
T. officinale, Web. Common Dandelion. 

Int. from Eu. into pastures, fields, and by roadsides every- 
where. B, M*, S and B B, common. 
T. erythrospermum, Andrz.f 

Native to Unalaska, etc., and int. into E. New England • 
readily distinguished from T. officinale by its smaller, more 
deeply cut leaves, smaller sulphur-yellow heads with fewer 
flowers, the outer involucral bracts spreading or partly erect, 
not reflexed, the akenes bright red or reddish brown and the 
pappus a purer white. M*, among rocks in woods, Stoneham : 
— B B*, occasional on rocks near The Falls. 

LACTUCA, Tourn. Lettuce. 
L. Canadensis, L. Wild Lettuce. 

Rich soil, roadsides, clearings, and open woods. B and M 
common : — S, occurs. 

L. integrifolia, Bigel. 

Open woods. US'*, rare; low ground. 
L. hirsuta, Muhl. 

Dry open woods. B *, occasional ; by pool in Pine Tree 
Brook, etc. : — M*, Virginia Wood, etc. 

SC ,% !'-;"'J£, L. ;.,ow Thistle. 
S. oleraceus, L.- Common Sow Thistle. 

Nat. from Eu. in yards, gardens, and waste grounds. B*, 
house-site. 
S. asper, Vill. Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle. 

Nat. from Eu. in yards, gardens, and waste places. M, 
abundant in field, W. of Bear Hill. 

t See Bot. Gaz. xs. 323. 



50 METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 

LOBELIACE^E. Lobelia Family. 
LOBELIA, L. 

L. cardinalis, L. Cardinal Flower. 

Borders of brooks, and swamps. B*, occasional; by Old 
Furnace Brook, etc. : — M, frequent in wet shade : — S, bog. 
L. spicata, Lam. 

Moist open fields and damp places. B*, occurs : — M, fre- 
quent in meadows and damp borders of Winchester Reservoirs. 
L. inflata, L. Indian Top>acco. 

Dry or moist open fields and roadsides. B * and M*, com- 
mon: — S*, road to Turtle Pond. 
L. Dortmanna, L. Water Lobelia. 

Borders of ponds, often in shallow water. B*, rare; by 
Hoosicwhisick Pond. 



CAMPANULACE/E. Campanula Family. 
SPECULARIA, Heist. Vends's Looking-glass. 

S. perfoliata, A. DC. 

Sterile rocky places. J3, frequent ; Hancock Hill ; Rattle- 
snake Hill, etc. : — M*, frequent on rocks in open woods. 

CAMPANULA, Tourn. Bellflower. 

C. aparinoides, Pursh. Marsh Bellflower. 

Wet grassy meadows and brooksides. B, occurs : — M, oc- 
casional. 
C. divaricata, Michx. 

Native South. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill : 
— S, esnanedjBb. Washington St. 

C. RAPUNCUEWIDES, L. 

Cult, in old gardens from Eu. and sparingly nat. J3, house- 
site on Hillside St. ; Great Blue Hill. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



51 



ERICACE/43. Heath Family. 
GAYLUSSACIA, HBK. Hucklebeeky. 

G. dumosa, Torr. & Gray. Bog Huckleberry. 

Swamps and sphagnous bogs. 8*, rare; border of Turtle 
Pond. 
G. frondosa, Torr. & Gray. Dangleberry. 

Moist open thickets. B, frequent ; dry slopes and edges of 
wet open ground and in thin shade ; sprouts freely from the 
root when cut or burnt off: — M*, occasional: — $*. 
Roouey's Rock. 
Q. resinosa, Torr. & Gray. Common Huckleberry. 

Dry fields and open woods ; recovers quickly after fires. B*, 
M, S* and B B, common. 



X 



VACCINIUM, L. Blueberry. Cranberry. 

V. Pennsylvanicum, Lam. Dwarf Blueberry. 

Dry hills and open pastures ; in dense shade it soon disap- 
pears. B* , M, S and BB, common : — the black-fruited form 
occurs rarely in B. 
V. vacillans, Soland. Low Blueberry. 

Dry open places ; persists in abandoned pastures. B*, M, 
S * and BB, common. 
V. corymbosum, L. High-bush Blueberry. 

Low woods, meadows, borders of ponds, and roadsides ; not 
persisting in heavy shade ; easily killed by fire, but sproutino- 
from the old stumps. B and M, common : — B B*, by lower 
pond : — M* and S*, forms approaching var. amcenum, Gray. 
Var. amcenum, Gray. 

Same habitat as the species. B, by Old Furnace Brook. 
Var. atrococcum, Gray. 

Same habitat as the species. M*, common. 
V. Oxycoccus, L. Small Cranberry. 

Bogs. 3*, rare. 



52 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



V. macrocarpon, Ait. Large Cranberry. 

Bogs and wet places. B *, frequent: — M, common in wet 
meadows : — S *, bog by Turtle Pond. 

ARCTOSTAPHYLQ5, Adans. Bearberrt. 
A. Uva-ursi, Spreng. 

Bare hills, rocks, and sandy places ; an important ground- 
cover for hill-tops, not often injured by fire. B *, occasional ; 
summit of Great Blue Hill, Hancock Hill, etc. : — M, rare : — 
S, abundant on Bearberry Hill. 

EPICL43A, L. Trailing Arbutus. 
E. repens, L. Mayflower. Trailing Arbutus. 

Sandy or rocky soil, generally in light shade. B, very rare ; 
a small patch only. 

GAULTHERIA, Kalm. Aromatic Wintergreen. 

Q. prccumbens, L. Creeping Wintergreen. Checker- 
berry. 
Damp woods and pastures, generally in shade. B * and M, 
common. 

ANDROMEDA, L. 
A. ligastrina, Muhl. 

Wet and dry places in open or shady ground. B*, com- 
mon : — M*, frequent : — 8 and BB, occurs. 

LEUCOTHOE, Don. 
L. racemosa, Cray. 

Moist woods. S*, occasional ; usually about pools and on 
the edge of wet land ; Sawcut Notch ; valley, E. of Shadow 
Point, etc.: — >Jf*, frequent in low ground on borders of 
woods, and on S. and W. shores of Spot Pond : — S, meadow, 
N. W. of Bold Knob. 

CASSANDRA, Don. Leather Leaf. 

C. calyculafa, Don. 

Bogs and marshy places. B and S *, common : — M, 
frequent. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



53 



KALMIA, L. American Laurel. 
K. latifolia, L. Mountain Laurel. 

Moist rocky woods and damp places. B*, a considerable 
quantity in a single place ; it must be carefully preserved. 
K. angustifolia, L. Sheep Laurel. Lambkill. 

Open pastures and hillsides. B*, common: — M, common 
in open places in woods and on borders of meadows : — S, fre- 
quent : — B B, occasional. 

RHODODENDRON, L. Rose Bat. Azalea. 
R. viscosum, Torr. Clammy Azalea. White Swamp 
Honeysuckle. Swamp Azalea. 
Bogs and swampy places, in sun or light shade. B *, fre- 
quent : — M, common : — S*, occasional. 

Var. glaucurn, Gray. 

Same general habitat as the species. B*, occasional ; E. of 
Great Dome, etc. : — M, occasional: — 8 *, border of Turtle 
Pond, etc. 
R. Rhodora, Don. Ehodora. 

Swamps and bogs. B, rare : — M, occasional. 

CLETHRA, Gronov. White Alder. 
C, alnifolia, L. Sweet Pepperbush. White Alder. 

Swamps and wet places ; fire kills the tops, but new stems 
spring from the roots with a thick and luxuriant foliage. B*, 
common about all pools, in all bogs and in shady wet runs and 
woods: — M, common on borders of swamps and ponds: — 
S *, border of Turtle Pond. 

CHIMAPHILA, Pursh. Wintergreen. 
C. umbellata, Nutt. Prince's Pine. Pipsissewa. Winter- 
green. 
Dry woods. B*, common : — M* and S*, frequent. 
C maculata, Pursh. Spotted Wintergreen. 

Dry woods. 5*, occasional; Hancock Hill, etc.: — M, 
rare. 



54 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



MONESES, Salisb. One-flowered Pyrola. 
M. grandiflora, Salisb. 

Dry shady woods. M, occasional on Bear Hill. 

PYROLA, Tourn. Pyrola. Shinleaf. 
P. chlorantha, Swz. 

Open woods. M, rare. 
P. elliptica, Nutt. Shinleaf. 

Rich, moist or dry woods. JS* and M*, common. 
P. rotundifolia, L. Round-leaved Pyrola. 

Rich, moist or dry woods. B, common: — M*, frequent: 
— S*, occasional. 

MONOTROPA, L. Indian Pipe. Pinesap. 
M. uniflora, L. Indian Pipe. 

Rich and dry woods. B*, common : — M, frequent : — 8*, 
occurs. 
M. Hypopitys. Pinesap. 

Dry woods. B*, occasional ; Hancock Hill, etc.: — M m , 
frequent. 

PRIMULACE/E. Primrose Family. 
HOTTONIA, L. Featherfoil. Water Violet. 

H. inflata, Ell. 

In still water. M *, occasional in stagnant water, ditches, 
and bogs : — S *, rare. 

TRIENTALIS, L. Star-flower. 

T. Americana, Pursh. Star-flower. Star Anemone. 
Damp or dry woods. B and M*, common. 

STEIRONEMA, Raf. 
S. ciliatum, Raf. 

Low grounds and thickets. M*, rare. 
S. lanceolatum, Gray. 

Low grounds and woods. B m , S* and B B, rare: — M, 
occasional. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



55 



LYSIMACHIA, Tourn. Loosestrife. 

L. vulgaris, L. 

Occasionally nat. from Eu. B, old garden, Park's place, 
Hawk Hill. 
L. quadrifolia, L. Whorled Loosestrife. 

Open woods, low ground, and roadsides. B* and M, com- 
mon : — S *, frequent. 
L. stricta, Ait. Swamp Loosestrife. 

Swamps and low ground. Ba.nd.8*, frequent: — M, com- 
mon. 
L. nummularia, L. Moneywort. 

Nat. from Eu. and escaped from gardens. M, common in 
field near Spot Pond. 
L. thyrsifiora, L. Tufted Loosestrife. 

Swamps and bogs. M, rare ; swamp near Bear Hill. 

OLEACE^E. Olive Family. 
FRAXINUS, Tourn. Ash. 
F. Americana, L. White Ash. 

Moist woods and open places. B, common ; it seems to pre- 
fer the rich moist land by running water, though it is found 
almost anywhere ; Marigold Brook valley ; Sassamon Notch ; 
by Monatiquot Stream, etc. : — M, common in all situations 
excepting very wet ground ; S. of North Dam, a tree 5 ft. 7 in. 
in circumference : — S *, occasional : — BB, numerous young 
trees in both sections ; several fine trees near N. W. corner of 
S. section. 
F. pubescens, Lam. Red Ash. 

Swamps and low ground. B, occasional, sometimes even on 
rocky hillsides : — M, rare ; Forest St. : — S, swamp near 
Turtle Pond. 
F. sambucifolia, Lam. Black Ash. 

Swamps and damp woods. B, occasional ; Blueberry 
Swamp ; near Balster Brook, etc. : — 31, rare ; a few small 
trees scattered in low lands : — S, near Turtle Pond. 



56 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



SYRINGA, L. Lilac. 

S. VULGARIS, L. 

Cult, from E. Eu. and escaped. B, old garden, Canton 
Ave. : — M, occasional. 

UGUSTRUM, Tourn. Privet. 

L. VULGARE, L. 

Cult, for hedges from E. Eu. and run wild. £*, frequent; 
generally confined to localities where there is evidence of a 
house-site ; Pine Tree Brook valley ; rocks near summit of 
Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M, frequent by roadsides and on 
rocky hills ; abundant on Bear Hill : — S, common ; house- 
sites, pastures, and ledges: — BB, occasional. 

APOCYNACE/E. Dogbane Family. 
APOCYNUM, Tourn. Dogbane. 

A. androsjEmifolium, L. Spreading Dogbane. 

Open woods, fields, and roadsides. B*, M* and S*, 
common. 

A. cannabinum, L. Indian Hemp. 

Moist ground. M*, rare; noted but once. 

ASCLEPIADACE/G. Milkweed Family. 
ASCLEPIAS, L. Milkweed. 

A. incarnata, L., var. pulchra, Pers. Swamp Milkweed. 

Swamps and wet places. B*, occasional: — M*, common 
in meadows and by borders of ponds : — S*, occasional. 
A. Cornuti, Decaisne. Common Milkweed. 

Open fields and roadsides, a most pernicious weed, spreading 
rapidly from its deep, thick perennial rootstocks. B and M, 
common. 
A. phytolaccoides, Pursh. Poke Milkweed. 

Open woods and roadsides. B *, frequent ; Randolph Ave. ; 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



57 



Hawk Hill, etc. : — M, rare ; by Spot Pond : — 8, rare in 

damp woods. 

A. quadrifoiia, L. 

Dry shady woods. B *, occasional in a few localities : 
— M, generally distributed, but not common: — 8*, near 
Rooney's Rock. 
A. verticillata, L. 

Dry soil and rocky ledges. S*, rare. 



QENTIANACE/E. Gentian Family. 
BARTONIA, Mubl. 

B. tenella, Muhl. 

Damp woods. B*, occasional; Cedar Swamp ; Pine Tree 
Brook valley, etc. 

MENYANTHES, Tourn. Buckbean. 
M. trifoliata, L. 

Bogs. B and S *, rare. 

LIMNANTHEMUM, Gmelin. Floating Heart. 
L. lacunosum, Griseb. 

Shallow water. B, rare : — 8*, Turtle Pond. 

BORRAGINACE/E. Borrage Family. 
CYNOQLOSSUM, Tourn. Hound's Tongue. 

C. officinale, L. Common Hound's Tongue. 

Nat. from Eu., a coarse weed in pastures, yards, and by 
roadsides. B, rare ; Randolph Ave. : — M, rare ; roadside by 
Spot Pond. 

MYOSOTIS, Dill. Forget-me-not. 

M. palustris, Withering. True Forget-me-not. 

Nat. from Eu. in wet ground. BB*, rare. 
M. laxa, Lehm. 



58 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



'Meadows, streams, and ditches. B*, occurs : — M, common 
in bogs and wet grounds : — 8* and BB*, occasional. 
M. verna, Nutt. 

Dry thin soil. M*, frequent by roadsides and in dry rocky 
woods: — BB*, frequent; ledge by lower pond. 

ECHIUJW, Tourn. Viper's Bugloss. 
E. vulgare, L. Blue Weed. 

Nat. from Eu. by roadsides and in meadows and waste 
places. M, rare. 

CONVOLVULACE/E. Convolvulus Family. 

IPOMOEA, L. Morning Glory. 

I. hederacea, Jacq. 

Cult, from Trop. Amer. and run wild. B, rare. 

I. purpurea, Lam. Common Morning Glory. 

Cult, from Trop. Amer. and run wild. B*, house-site, 
Hillside St. 

CONVOLVULUS, Tourn. Bindweed. 
C. sepiurn, L. Wild Morning Glory. Hedge Bindweed. 
Low grounds, also planted. B, spreading from old garden, 
Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

CUSCUTA, Tourn. Dodder. 

C. Qronovii, Willd. 

Moist thickets and wet places, spreading over herbs and low 
bushes and becoming entirely parasitic. B * and M, occa- 
sional : — S *, occurs. 

SOLANACE/G. Nightshade Family. 
LYCOPERSICUM, Mill. Tomato. Love Apple. 

L. ESCULENTUM, Mill. TOMATO. 

Cult, from Trop. Amer. B*, escape by road. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



59 



SOLANUM, Tourn. Nightshade. 
S. Dulcamaka, L. Bittersweet. 

Nat. from Eu. in moist places. B*, common among loose 
rocks at the base of ledges, by streams, etc. : — M, common on 
borders of meadows and ponds and in low woods : — S * and 
BB*, occasional. 

PETUNIA, Juss. 

P. nyctaginiflora, Juss. 

Cult, from S. Amer. B*, old gardens. 

SCROPHULARIACE/E. FigwORT Family. 

VERBASCUM, L. Mullein. 

V. Thapsus, L. Common Mullein. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields, open woods, and by roadsides. B 
and M, common. 

LINARIA, Tourn. Toad Flax. 

L. Canadensis, Dumont. Wild Toad Flax. 

Sandy open places. B *, frequent : — M, common along 
paths and roads in dry woods : — S*, common. 
L. vulgaris, Mill. Butter-and-Eggs. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B*, rare : — M, 
common : — S and BB, occasional. 

CHELONE, Tourn. Snake-head. Turtle-head. 

C. glabra, L. 

Wet places. B, frequent : — M, common along streams and 
ponds :—BB, occasional. 

MIMULUS, L. Monkey Flower. 

M. ringens, L. 

Wet shady places, meadows and swamps. JB*, occasional; 
Pine Tree Brook valley, etc. : — M, common. 



60 



METROPOLITAN PARK PI/OKA. 



GRATIOLA, L. Hedge Hyssop. 
Q. aurea, Muhl. 

Wet sandy or gravelly places. B*, rare: — M*, abundant 
in wet meadows and on borders of Spot Pond, etc. 

ILYSANTHES, Raf. 
I. riparia, Raf. False Pimpernel. 

Wet gravelly or sandy shores. B », frequent ; by pool in Pine 
Tree Brook, etc. : — M* , rare. 

VERONICA, L. Speedwell. 
V. scutellata, L. Marsh Speedwell. 

Bogs and ditches. B* and M, common: — S*, wet 
meadows : — BB*, frequent. 
V. officinalis, L. Common Speedwell. 

Open dry or moist woods. M*, rare; a large clump in 
grassy place in damp woods. 
V. serpyllifolia, L. Thyme-leaved Speedwell. 

Fields, banks, and open sunny places. B*, occasional: — 
M, common in paths and open woody places : — B B* , frequent. 
V. peregrina, L. Purslane Speedwell. 

Cult, and waste ground. BB, rare; by the brook. 
V. arvensis, L. Corn Speedwell. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, ground and waste places. M*, rocky 
woods on slope of Bear Hill : — BB, rare ; by the brook. 

GERARDIA, L. 
Q. pedicularia, L. 

Dry open woods. B*, common: — M*, frequent: — S*, 
occurs. 
Q. flava, L. Downy False Foxglove. 

Dry open woods. B*, common : — M*, frequent on rocky 
wooded hillsides : — S*, N. of Turtle Pond, etc. 
G. quercifolia, Pursh. Smooth False Foxglove. 

Dry open woods. B *, frequent ; woods on slope of Great 
Blue Hill ; top of Buck Hill, etc. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



61 



G. purpurea, L., var. paupercula, Gray. Purple Ge- 

RARDIA. 

Low, partly open grounds. B* and M*, common. 
Q. tenuifolia, Vahl. Slender Gerardia. 

Woods and partly open ground. B * and M, common: — 
S*, occasional. 

PEDICULARIS, Tourn. Lousewort. 
P. Canadensis, L. Common Lousewort. Wood Betont. 
Woods and moist places. B * and M, frequent. 

MELAMPYRUM, Tourn. Cow Wheat. 
M. Americanum, Miclrx. 

Dry open woods. B*, M and S*, common: — BB, oc- 
casional. 

OROBANCHACE^. Broom-rapk Family. 

EPIPHEGUS, Nutt. Beechdrops. 

E. Virginiana, Bart. 

Under beech trees, parasitic on their roots. B*, frequent: 
— M, rare. 

CONOPHOLIS, Walleoth. Squaw-root. Cancer-root. 
C. Americana, Wallroth. 

Oak woods among decaying leaves. M *, very rare ; one 
patch in the E. part, and one in the S. W. part of the Reser- 
vation. 

APHYLLON, Mitchell. Naked Broom-rape. 
A. uniflorum, Gray. One-flowered Broom-rape. 

Low ground and grassy places. B*, rare; Rattlesnake 
Hill : — M*, occasional : — S*, rare ; slope of Bellevue Hill. 

LENTIBULARIACE^E. Bladderwort family. 

UTRICULARIA, L. Bladderwort. 
U. vulgaris, L. Greater Bladderwort. 



62 METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 

Ponds and slow streams. M, ditch in meadow near Spot 
Pond. 
U. gibba, L. 

Shallow water, and muddy and sandy places. M, Spot Pond. 
U. intermedia, Hayne. 

Bogs and streams. B, rare ; pools. 
U. purpurea, Walt. Large Purple Bladderwort. 

Shallow water and streams. M, Spot Pond. 
U. cornuta, Michx. Long-spurred Bladderwort. 

Bogs and sandy shores. B, rare ; by Monatiquot Stream : 
— S *, hog by Turtle Pond. 

BIGNQNiACE^. Bignonia Family. 

CATALPA, Scop. Catalpa. Indian Bean. 
C. bignonioides, Walt. 

Cult, from Ga., Ala., and Miss. B, old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 

VERBENACE^. Vervain Family. 
VERBENA, Tourn. Vervain. 

V. urticaefolia, L. White Vervain. 

Meadows, and dry or moist open places. B, occasional : — 
M, frequent by roadsides and in open woody places. 
V. hastata, L. Blue Vervain. 

Meadows and dry or moist open places. M, occasional. 

LABIAT/E. Mint Family. 
TRICHOSTEMA, L. Blue Curls. 
T. dkhotomum, L. Bastard Pennyroyal. 

Sandy fields and gravelly places. B*, M and S, common : — 
B -B *, occurs. 

MENTHA, Tourn. Mint. 
M. Canadensis, L. Wild Mint. 

Meadows and roadsides. B*, rare: — M*, common; 
borders of wet grounds and Reservoirs. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



63 



LYCOPUS, Tourn. Watee Hoeehound. 
L. Virginicus, L. Bugleweed. 

Swamps, meadows, and low ground. B, rare ; off Randolph 
Ave. : — M *, common in bogs and swamps : — S, low ground. 
L. sinuatus, Ell. 

Swamps, meadows, and wet places. B* and M, common. 

PYCNANTHEMUM, Michx. Mountain Mint. Basil. 
P. linifolium, Pursh. 

Drj' open woods and hillsides. B *, common on Great Blue 
Hill. 
P. muticum, Pers. 

Open woods and roadsides. B, occurs. 
P. clinopodioides, Gray. 

Dry open woods. B, rare. 
P. incanum, Michx. 

Dry open woods. B*, occasional; slopes of Great Blue 
Hill, Chickatawbut Hill, Hawk Hill, etc. 

THYMUS, Tourn. Thyme. 
T. Seeptllum, L. Cheeping Thyme. 

Cult, and occasionally run wild in old fields and waste places. 
B, rare ; a single locality. 

HEDEOMA, Pers. Mock Pennyeoyal. 
H. pulegioides, Pers. Ameeican Pennyroyal. 

Dry fields and open sunny places. B * and M, common. 

NEPETA, L. Catnip. 
N. Cataria, L. Catnip. 

Nat. from Eu. about houses and roadsides. B*, common: 
— M, roadsides, etc. 
N. Glechoma, Benth. Geound Ivy. Gill-ovee-the-ground. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, and waste ground, and on roadsides. 
B *, occasional : — M, roadside, Forest St. 



64 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



SCUTELLARIA, L. Skullcap. 
S. lateriflora, L. Mad-dog Skullcap. 

Wet shady places. B*, frequent: — M*, frequent in bogs 
and swamps. 

BRUNELLA, Tourn. Self-heal. 
B. vulgaris, L. Common Self-heal. 

Open woods, fields, and roadsides. B *, M*, S * and B B, 
common. 

LEONURUS, L. Motherwort. 
L. Cardiac a, L. Common Motherwort. 

Nat. from Eu. about dwellings and in waste places. B *, M, 
S* and BB, occasional. 

GALEGPSIS, L. Hemp Nettle. 

Q. Tetrahit, L. Common Hemp Nettle. 

Nat. from Eu. in all waste places. B *, rare ; house-sites. 

STACHYS, Tourn. Hedge Nettle. 
S. aspera, Michx. 

Wet places. B *, rare. 

PLANT AQINACE^E. Plantain Family. 
PLANTAGO, Tourn. Plantain. 

P. major, L. Common Plantain. 

Roadsides, fields, paths, waste places, and thin woods. B*, 
M and BB, common : — S, frequent. 

P. Rugelii, Decaisne. 

Similar situations with the last. B, frequent: — M*, com- 
mon ; Cascade woods ; by S. Reservoir, etc. 
P. lanceolata, L. Rib GRASS. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields, open woods, roadsides, and waste 
places everywhere. B*, M, S and BB*, common. 
P. Patagonica, Jacq., var. aristata, Gray. 

Nat. from the West by roadsides, etc. B*, rare. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



65 



Division III. APETALiE. 



ILLECEBRACE./E. Knotwort Family. 

ANYCHIA, Michx. Forked Chickweed. 

A. dichotoma, Michx. 

Dry open woods. B *, occasional. 
A. capillacea, DC. 

Dry open woods. B*, occasional: — M*, rare. 

SCLERANTHUS, L. Knawel. 

S. annuus, L. 

Nat. from Eu. in waste places. M, common : — B B*, occurs. 

AMARANTACE^E. Amaranth Family. 
AMARANTUS, Tourn. Amaranth. 

A. RETROFLEXUS, L. AMARANTH PlGWEED. 

Adv. from Trop. Amer. in cult, ground, by roadsides, and in 
all waste places. B*, top of Great Blue Hill: — Jf, ^'oc- 
casional. 

CHENOPODIACE/E. Goosefoot Family. 

CHENOPODIUM, Tourn. Pigweed. 
C. album, L. Pigweed. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, grounds and waste places everywhere ■ 
a most troublesome weed. B*, roadside, E. of Great Dome: 
— M*, roadsides and old cult, ground. 

C. MURALE, L. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places. B *, old cult, field, W. 
Quincy. 

C. hybridum, L. Maple-leaved Goosefoot. 

Int. from the West into cult, grounds, waste places, and 
roadsides. M, rare ; roadside. 
C. ambrosioides, L. Mexican Tea. 

Nat. from Trop. Amer. in waste places. J3*, rare. 



66 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



PHYTOLACCACE/E. Pokeweed Family. 
PHYTOLACCA, Tourn. Pokeweed. 
P. decandra, L. Common Poke. Garget. Pigeon Berry. 
Low grounds, rocky slopes, and open woods ; conspicuously 
vigorous after fires. B * and M, occasional. 

POLYQONACE^E. Buckwheat Family. 
RUMEX, L. Dock. Sorrel. 

R. crispus, L. Curled Dock. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, and waste ground. B, frequent: — ■ 
M, common : — 8 *, occasional. 
R. obtusifolius, L. Bitter Dock. 

Nat. from Eu. by roadsides, and in all waste places. B, oc- 
casional ; Hillside St., etc. : — M*, frequent in bogs and by 
low roadsides : — S *, rare. 
R. Acetosella, L. Field Sorrel. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields, by roadsides, and in all waste places. 
B, M, S* and BB*, common. 
R. Acetosa, L. Sorrel Dock. 

Sparingly nat. from Eu. in waste places. M, a single plant 
in moist ground, N. E. of Bear Hill. 

POLYGONUM, Tourn. Knotweed. 
P. aviculare, L. Doorweed. 

Yards, waste places, etc. B*, top of Great Blue Hill, by 
Observatory. 
P. tenue, Michx. 

Dry open places. B*, frequent on hill-tops. 
P. lapathifolium, L., var. incarnatum, Watson. 

Wet places. M*, abundant on W. shore of Spot Pond, 
showing a gradation into the var. incanum, Koch. 
Var. incanum, Koch. 

Wet places. M *, abundant on the stony S. and W. shores 
of Spot Pond, fruiting from one to six inches high. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



67 



P. Muhlenbergii, Watson. 

Bogs and wet places. B *, rare j valley, E. of Shadow 
Point ; pool near Great Dome. 

P. Careyi, Olney. 

Swamps and shady wet places. B, rare ; near Balster Brook. 

P. Persicaria, L. Lady's Thumb. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, ground and damp waste places. B* 
and M, common. 

P. hydropiperoides, Michx. Mild Water Pepper. 

Shallow water and wet places. B *, pool, E. of Great Dome, 
etc.: — Jf*, frequent in ditches and low grounds: — BB*, 
border of pond. 

P. Hydropiper, L. Common Smartweed. Water Pepper. 
Wet places. B*, frequent; pool, E. of Great Dome; by 
Cragfoot Spring, etc. : — M* and 8, common. 

P. acre, FIBK. Water Smartweed. 

Wet places. B *, occasional ; pool in Pine Tree Brook ; Old 
Furnace Brook ; by Cragfoot Spring, etc. : — M, by Winches- 
ter Reservoirs : — BB*, occurs. 

P. Virginianum, L. 

Damp woods. 8, rare. 
P. arifolium, L. Halberd-leaved Tear-thumb. 

Bogs in shade. B, occasional : — M* and 8, frequent. 

P. sagittatum, L. Arrow-leaved Tear-thumb. 

Low ground. B * and 8, common : — M, common in wooded 
bogs and swamps. 

P- Convolvulus, L. Black Bindweed. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, and waste grounds. B, occasional : 
— M, borders of cult, ground. 

P. dumetorum, L., var. scandens, Gray. Climbing False 
Buckwheat. 

Moist woods. B*, occasional; near Cragfoot Spring, etc. i 
— M, occasional ; by S. Reservoir, etc. 



68 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



FAGOPYRUM, Tourn. Buckwheat. 
F. esculentum, Moench. 

Cult, from N. Asia, and occasionally escaped. M, near 
Winchester Reservoirs. 

LAURACE/E. Laurel Family. 

SASSAFRAS, Nees. 
S. officinale, Nees. 

Dry or moist woods, and open ground. B, M and 8 *, fre- 
quent ; dry slopes and hill-tops throughout ; easily killed by 
fires, but sprouts freely. 

LJMDERA, Thunb. Fever Bush. Wild Allspice. 
L. Benzoin, Blume. Spice Bush. Benjamin Bush. 

Rich damp woods ; prefers shade and wet but not stagnant 
soil and is generally found in shady wet runs ; very sensitive 
to fire, and only young plants will recover readily when injured. 
B*, M*, S and BB*, frequent. 

SANTALACE/E. Sandalwood Family. 
COMANDRA, Nutt. Bastard Toad Flax. 
C. umfoellata, Nutt. 

Thin dry soil, in open ground and rocky woods. B * and M, 
common : — S *, occasional. 

EUPHORBIACE^E. Spurge Family. 

EUPHORBIA, L. Spurge. 
E. maculata, L. 

Dry open ground. M*, gravelly shore of N. Reservoir. 
E. Cyparissias, L. Graveyard Flower. Cypress. 

Nat. from Eu. in waste places. M *, frequent by roadsides 
and old houses. 

ACALYPHA, L. Three-seeded Mercury. 
A. Virginica, L. 
Poor soil in sun or shade. B*, M and S, frequent. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



69 



Var. gracilens, Muell. 

Sandy soil. M*, shore of N. Reservoir. 

URTIC ACE/23. Nettle Family. 
ULMUS, L. Elm. 
U. Americana, L. American Elm. 

Moist woods, rich soil by river banks, etc. B, planted trees 
are frequent by roadsides and old house-sites ; natives are 
rare and are usually found in wet places ; one tree in a group 
near the head of Marigold Brook valley has a diameter of 5 ft. 
3 in., and spread of 50 ft. ; small trees at head of Beech Eun : 
— M, common in pastures, open moist places, and occasionally 
in woods ; planted by roadsides : — S, moist valley, W. of 
Turtle Pond; planted on Washington St.: — BB, numerous 
trees in both sections ; in S. section near the road is the largest 
elm in all the Reservations, its circumference, 4 ft. above the 
ground, being 17 ft. 5 in. 

MORUS, Tourn. Mulbeeey. 
M. alba, L. White Mulberry. 

Cult, from Eu. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

URTICA, Tourn. Nettle. 
U. gracilis, Ait. 

Moist ground in waste places and by roadsides. M, com- 
mon. 

PILEA, Lindl. Richweed. Clearweed. 
P. pumila, Gray. 
Moist shady places. B*, Jfand BB*, rare. 

BCEHMERIA, Jacq. False Nettle. 
B. cylindrica, Willd. 

Wet shady places. B *, rare ; Cedar Swamp ; by Pine 
Tree Brook : — M, rare ; by stream in Virginia Wood, etc. : — 
S *, rare ; swamp near office : — B B, rare ; by the brook. 



70 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



PLATANACEv42. Plane-tree Family. 

PLATANUS, L. Sycamore. Buttonwood. 

P. occidentalis, L. 

Rich moi8t soil, generally along streams. B, occasional 
small trees ; by Pine Tree Brook ; Beech Run, etc. : — M, oc- 
casional by roadsides and in moist land ; large trees by swamp 
on S.'E. side of Bear Hill: — BB, frequent near running 
water. 

JUGLANDACE^E. Walnut Family. 

JUQLANS, L. Walnut. 
J. cinerea, L. Butternut. 

Rich woods. B*, frequent in rich soil about the base of the 
hills; house-site, Hillside St.: — M, occasional: — BB, rare 
in the S. section; occasional in the N. section. 

J. cinerea X regia, Sargent, t 

B, a most interesting hybrid on the Old Houghton Place, 
near Hoosicwhisick Pond ; it has a tall straight trunk with a 
diameter of 3 ft. 1 in. at 3 ft. from the ground. 

CARYA, Nutt. Hickory. 
C. a5ba, Nutt. Shell-bark Hickory. Shag-bark Hickory. 

Rich soil on hillsides and in woods. B *, frequently found 
in woods with oaks and chestnuts ; a group by Marigold Brook 
valley, one tree 7 ft. in circumference with a spread of 40 ft. ; 
valley, S. of Rattlesnake Hill, etc.: — M, common by road- 
sides and in woods. 
C. tomentosa, Nutt. Mocker-Nut. White-heart Hickory. 

Rich hillsides. B, frequent ; most abundant about hill-tops 
where it is twisted and scrubby. 
C. porcina, Nutt. Pig-Nut. 

Dry uplands and hills. jB*, common ; found with the 
Mocker-Nut near hill-tops, and also among oaks and chestnuts 
t See Garden and Forest, vii. 434, f. 69. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



71 



in mixed woods : — M*, frequent as a small tree or shrub on 

rocky wooded hillsides. 

C. amara, Nutt. Bitter-Nut. Swamp Hickory. 

Moist soil, borders of streams and swamps. M, a few trees 
near Pine Hill. 

MYRICACE/E. Sweet Gale Family. 
MYRICA, L. Bayberry. 

M. Gale, L. Sweet Gale. 

Wet borders of ponds, meadows, and edges of ditches ; will 
not persist long in shade. B* and M, occasional. 
M. cerifera, L. Bayberry. 

Sandy soil, open fields and meadows. B*, frequent ; grows 
naturally on hill-tops and in dry open ground on the edges of 
meadows, but is often crowded into wet ground by other 
shrubs ; is soon killed out by shade : — M, common in pas- 
tures, and in open places in dry woods : — S and B B, occa- 
sional. 
M. asplenifolia, Endl. Sweet Fern. 

Sterile soil in fields and open places ; an important ground- 
covering shrub in burnt land, quickly covering the surface 
where the growth of trees is thin ; recovers quickly if killed by 
fire, but will not grow in dense shade. B *, M*^S* and BB, 



CUPULIFER/G. Oak Family. 

BETULA, Tourn. Birch. 

B. lenta, L. Black Birch. Cherry Birch. Sweet Birch. 
Rich woodlands. B, occasional ; prefers cool constantly 
moist soil and will grow in wet ground ; near summit of Great 
Blue Hill ; valley, S. of Rattlesnake Hill ; near Crossman Pines, 
trees 40 to 50 ft. high ; near Hillside Pond is a fine large tree, 
about 15 in. in diameter, growing between and forcing apart 
two great bowlders with its trunk, which reaches just to their 



72 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



tops, then branches out and forms a spreading canopy over 
them: — M*, occasional on dry slopes and ledges; fine trees 
along Owen's and Flagg's Walks ; slope of Bear Hill, etc. : — 
S*, N. W. of Bold Knob. 
B. lutea, Michx. f. Yellow Birch. 

Rich moist woods. B*, occasional; Eagle Valley; glen 
above Crossman Pines; Bear Hill: — M, occasional; large 
trees near Cascade ; Flagg's Walk ; fine trees by a brook, N. 
of Pine Hill, near Forest St. 
B. populifoiia, Ait. White Birch. Gray Birch. 

Dry barren soil, and borders of swamps. B and M*, com- 
mon everywhere in open ground from the bleak hill-top to the 
wet swamp ; young trees are easily killed by fire, but sprout 
readily ; it is soon shaded out by overtopping trees : — 8, oc- 
casional in open ground ; less frequent in swamps : — BB, fre- 
quent in wet ground and edges of pastures. 

B. papyrifera, Marsh. Paper Birch. Canoe Birch. 
Rich woods and banks of streams. If, rare ; edge of pool, 

N. W. of Cascade ; one tree, W. edge of Cranberry Pool. 

ALNUS, Touru. Alder. 
A. incana, Willd. Speckled Alder. Hoary Alder. 

Borders of streams and swamps. _B, frequent ; more com- 
mon about the meadows and bogs, at a low station, than higher 
up the slopes; will not persist long in shade : — SaadBB*, 
common. 
A. serruJata, Willd. Smooth Alder. 

Borders of streams and swamps. B*, common: — M*, 
common on borders of ponds and meadows ; along Pine Hill 
brook : — BB*, by the brook. 

CORYLUS, Tourn. Hazel-nbt. 

C. Americana, Walt. Wild Hazel-nut. 

Open thickets and roadsides. B m , frequent; usually found 
in dry places in open land ; recovers quickly after a fire, but 
spreads slowly ; will not persist permanently in shade ; W. of 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



73 



Pasture Run ; Pine Tree Brook valley, etc. : — M and S, com- 
mon in same habitat as above : — BB, occasional. 
C. rostrata, Ait. Beaked Hazel-nut. 

Open thickets and roadsides. B *, occasional ; the common 
species along the northerly line of the Reservation ; base of 
Hawk Hill ; W. side of Cedar Swamp ; W. slope of Great 
Dome: — M, occasional; abundant along S. E. slopes of S. 
Reservoir. 



Hop Hornbeam. Iron Wood. 
American Hop Hornbeam. Lever 



OSTRYA, Mich. 
O. Virginica, Willd. 
Wood. 
Dry woods and hillsides. B*, common; broken ledgy 
slopes, and dry gravelly woods ; grows well in shade : — M, 
common ; large tree between spring and summit of Silver 
Mine Hill : — S, occasional. 

CARPINUS, L. Hornbeam. Iron Wood. 
C. Caroliniana, Walt. Hornbeam. Blue Beech. 

Borders of streams and swamps. B*, occasional ; found in 
cool rocky ravines and on the edges of brooks ; by Pine Tree 
Brook; Sassamon Notch, etc. : — M, rare; roadside, S. W. of 
Spot Pond, etc. : — S *, Happy Valley. 

QUERCUS, L. Oak. 

Q. alba, L. White Oak. 

In all soils. B*, common from the summits of the hills to 
the edges of the swamps ; resists fire well and grows well in 
shade : — M and S, common throughout : — B B, common ; the 
famous Waverly Oaks, twenty-five in number, are of this 
species, with one exception, Q. bicolor, and they are noble 
trees, growing on a characteristic kame ; the Big White Oak 
on the N. slope of the kame is about 50 ft. high, with a cir- 
cumference of 18 ft. 7£ in. at 5 ft. from the ground. 
Q. bicolor, Willd. Swamp White Oak. 

Borders of streams and swamps. B*, rare; abundant 



74 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



about Monatiquot Stream ; near Streamside Ledge, etc. : — M 
and S, common: — BB, occasional in both sections; one of 
the large Waverly Oaks is of this species, 65 ft. high, with 
circumference of 12 ft. 6 in. at 5 ft. from the ground. 
Q. Prinus, L. Chestnut Oak. 

Rocky woods and hillsides. B*, frequent in every kind of 
soil except very wet, and in all exposures ; comparatively 
scarce on Great Blue Hill and in other parts of the western 
and middle sections, becoming more frequent in the eastern 
section, and in considerable numbers between Wampatuck and 
Rattlesnake Hills. 

Q. prinoides, Willd. Chinquapin Oak. Dwarf Chestnut 
Oak. 

Rocky woods and dry hillsides. B*, common; usually 
growing with Q. ilicifolia, mostly on the hill-tops : — M, occa- 
sional. 
Q. rubra, L. Red Oak. 

In rich and poor soil. B, M, S and BB, common; rather 
less on the hill-tops aud more in the wet valleys than Q. alba. 
Q. coccinea, Wang. Scarlet Oak. 

Rich ground or dry sandy soil. B, frequent ; sometimes in 
considerable numbers, but of tener as scattered trees: — Jf, S 
and BB, occasional. 

Var. tinctoria, Gray. Black Oak. 

Dry hills and gravelly uplands. B, occasional ; not as com- 
mon as the type : —M, S and B B, frequent. 
Q. ilicifolia, Wang. Bear Oak. Black Scrub Oak. 

Rocky hills and sterile places. B*, common; on all hill- 
tops, ledges and barren places ; sprouts freely after fires ; 
large field covered with it on N. slope of Rattlesnake Hill ; 
predominates on tops of Babel Rock, Great Dome, Great Blue 
Hill, etc. : — M, S * and BB, common in similar situations. 



CASTANEA, Tourn. Chestnut. 

C. sativa, Mill., var. Americana, Watson. 

Rocky woods and dry hillsides. B, common ; found through- 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



75 



out on well drained slopes ; sprouts more freely than any other 
tree, old sprouts resisting fire well; large tree, N. E. side of 
Hoosicwhisick Pond, 17 ft. in circumference, 83 ft. high, 50 ft. 
spread : — M, small trees frequent in woods ; grove of large 
trees in N. E. part of the Reservation. 

FAQUS, Tourn. Beech. 
F. ferruginea, Ait. American Beech. 

Rich woods. B, frequent; usually represented by sprouts 
from roots and by young trees that have persisted since older 
trees were cut ; the trees are killed by even a slight fire, those 
remaining being generally protected by moist land or by ledges 
and rocks ; Beech Run ; W. slope of Blue Hill, etc. : — M, 
occasional in woods ; a small grove of young trees on Owen's 
Walk:— 8, valley, E. of Turtle Pond. 

SALICACE/E. Willow Family. 
SALIX, Tourn. t Willow. 
S. nigra, Marsh. Black Willow. 

Banks of streams and ponds and in wet places. B*, rare ; 
by Old Furnace Brook ; W. of Sawcut Notch : ■ — S, rare ; bog 
in Turtle Pond woods. 
S. lucida, Muhl. Shining Willow. 

Wet places and borders of streams and ponds. B and M, 
occasional:— £*, low ground, W. of Office. 
S. rostrata, Richards. 

Moist or dry places. B, common both in the low land and 
on the summits of the range : — M, common. 
S. discolor, Muhl. Glaucous Willow. Common Swamp 
Willow. 

Low ground. In all the Reservations on edges of meadows, 
in bogs and the more open parts of swamps, and occasionally 

t Forms of 8. alba, L. or S. fragilis, L. or both occur in all the 
Reservations, but no reports have been received by which a deter- 
mination of the species can be made. 



76 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



on hill-tops, the long pistillate catkins conspicuous by the end 
of April : — B* and M, common : — 8 and BB, frequent. 

S. humilis X discolor, Bebb. 

Same habitat as the parent species. M*, rare ; near S. 
Reservoir. 

S. humilis, Marsh. Low Willow. Prairie Willow. 

Dry or wet ground. B*, Chestnut Run path : — M, fre- 
quent : — S*-, occurs. 

S. tristis, Ait. Dwarf Gray Willow. 

Sandy places, gravelly fields, low thickets and roadsides. 
B *, rare ; N. slope of Rattlesnake Hill ; W. of Sawcut Notch : 
— M*, occasional: — S*, Happy Valley. 

S. sericea, Marsh. Silky Willow. 

Low ground. B *, rare ; Chestnut Run path, E. of Han- 
cock Hill : — M *, rare ; N. side of Spot Pond. 

5. petiolaris, Smith. 

Low ground. M*, rare ; fields round Spot Pond ; meadow, 
N. of Bear Hill ; S. end of S. Reservoir. 

5. purpurea, L. Purple Willow. 

Adv. from Eu. in low ground. M, one tree in low land, S. 
W. of Pine Hill. 

S. cordata, Muhl. Heart-leaved Willow. 

Wet places, along streams and by damp roadsides. B, fre- 
quent : — M, occasional. 

5. cordata X sericea, Bebb. 

Low ground. B, swamp, N. E. of Hawk Hill. 
S. myrtilloides, L. 

Cold bogs. M, occasional. 

POPULUS, Tourn. Poplar. Aspen. 
P. tremuloides, Michx. Aspen. 

Woods and roadsides ; the most widely distributed tree in 
North America. B, occasional : — M, common. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



77 



P. grandidentata, Michx. Large-toothed Aspen. 

Rich woods, borders of streams, and hillsides. B*, fre- 
quent; Rattle Rock; woods near boundary, N. of Hancock 
Hill, etc. : — M*i frequent as a small tree in open places in 
rocky woods. 
P. balsamifera, L,, var. candicans, Gray. Balm of 

GlLEAD. 

This tree is rare or unknown in a wild state but very common 
in cultivation. B *, house-site, Hillside St. : — M, occa- 
sional ; one large tree not far from Black Rock, another by 
Doleful Pond. 

Sub-class II. MONOCOTYLEDONES. 



ORCHIDACE^E. Orchid Family. 

MICROSTYUS, Nutt. Adder's Mouth. 

M. ophioglossoides, Nutt. 

Low ground. B, very rare ; Cedar Swamp. 

LIPARIS, Richard. Twayblade. 
L. liltifolia, Richard. 

Moist woods. B, very rare ; base of Buck Hill. 

CORALLORHIZA, Haller. Coral-root. 
C innata, R. Br. 

Swamps and cool damp woods. B, very rare ; this inter- 
esting but inconspicuous little plant grows in a single spot in 
the E. part of the Reservation : — M, rare. 
C. odontorhiza, Nutt. 

Rich woods. S, very rare ; six plants were found near 
Overbrook Hill in 1878. 
C. multiflora, Nutt. 

Dry shady woods. B*, frequent ; Pine Tree Brook valley ; 
slopes of Great Blue Hill, Rattlesnake Hill, etc. : — M, occa- 
sional ; Virginia Wood ; N. slope of Bear Hill ; border of 
brook, E. of Melrose Reservoir. 



78 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



SPIRANTHES, Richard. Lames' Tresses. 
S. cernua, Richard. 

Damp ground and meadows. B *, frequent in wet grassy 
places ; found about the top of Great Blue Hill : — M*, com- 
mon in meadows, etc. : — S, occasional. 
S. gracilis, Bigel. 

Dry woods and sandy places. B*, frequent; Sawcut 
Notch; Pine Tree Brook valley, etc. : — JIT*, frequent on 
rocky banks in woods. 

GOODYERA, R. Br. Rattlesnake Plantain. 
Q. pubescens, R. Br. 

Rich woods. B*, occasional ; base of Great Blue Hill, etc. : 
— M, occasional. 

ARETHUSA, Gronov. 
A. bulbosa, L. 

Bogs and wet meadows. B, rare ; bog near Hoosicwhisick 
Pond. 

CALOPOGON, R. Br. 

C. pulchellus, R. Br. 

Bogs and wet meadows. B, occasional ; bogs about Hoosic- 
whisick Pond : — S*, border of Turtle Pond. 

POGONIA, Juss. 

P. ophioglossokles, Nutt. 

Bogs and wet meadows. B, f requent : — -$, occasional; 
border of Turtle Pond. 
P. verticillata, Nutt. 

Low shady woods. JB*, occasional; slope of Great Blue 
Hill ; N. E. of Hawk Hill, etc. This plant is very local and 
should be rigidly preserved. 

HABENARIA, Willd. 

H. tridentata, Hook. 

Rich wet woods. B*, rare ; Cedar Swamp ; W. of Pasture 
Run. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



79 



H. Hookeri, Torr. 

Damp shady woods. B, very rare ; Cedar Swamp : — M, 
rare. 

H. blephariglottis, Torr. White-fringed Orchis. 
Bogs and wet grassy places. B *, rare ; Cedar Swamp. 

H. lacera, R. Br. Ragged-fringed Orchis. 

Meadows and bogs. B*, rare ; by Hoosicwhisick Pond : 

M, rare ; by S. Reservoir. 

H. psycodes, Gray. 

Bogs, meadows and wet places. B and M, rare. 

H. fimbriata, R. Br. 

Rich woods and wet meadows. B *, rare ; one of our hand- 
somest orchids and found in but two or three spots. 

CYPRIPEDIUM, L. Lady's Slipper. 

C. acaule, Ait. Stemless Lady's Slipper. 

Dry open woods. -B*, frequent; Hawk Hill; N. W. slope 
of Fox Hill, etc. : — M, frequent. 



IRIDACE/E. Iris Family. 

IRIS, Tourn. Blue Flag. 

I. versicolor, L. Larger Blue Flag. 

Wet meadows and swamps. B* and M, common : BB 

by lower pond. 

I. Germanica, L. Common Flower-de-Luce. 

Cult, from Eu. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

SISYRINCHIUM, L. Blue-eyed Grass. 
S. anceps, Cav. 

Moist grassy places. B, common:— M*, frequent; border 
of Doleful Pond; shore of Spot Pond, etc.: — S*, between 
Bellevue and Bearberry Hills : — BB*, occurs. 



80 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



AMARYLLIDACE/E. Amaryllis Family. 

HYPOXIS, L. Star Grass. 

H. erecta, L. 

Open woods. B*, common: — M*, common along wood- 
paths and in dry woods: — S*, Overbrook Hill; Happy Val- 
ley, etc. : — B B*, occurs. 

LILIACE/E. Lily Family. 
SMILAX, Tourn. Greenbrier. Cat-brier. 

S. herbacea, L. Carrion Flower. 

Damp borders of woods and swamps. J5*, frequent ; woods 
on Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M, frequent : — 8 *, occurs. 
S. rotundifolia, L. Common Greenbrier. Horse-brier. 

Thickets. B, common on the edges of swamps among 
bushes ; grows well in shade ; dry place near the top of Great 
Blue Hill: — Jf, common in rocky woods: — S * and BB*, 
occasional by swamps and in dry soil. 

S. glauca, Walt. 

Dry woods. B *, very rare ; a single locality at the foot of 
Great Blue Hill. 

ALLIUM, L. Onion. Garlic. 

A. Canadense, Kalm. Wild Garlic. 

Moist grassy places. M *, numerous plants on rocks at the 
N. end of Doleful Pond : — BB, common in grass by North St. 

ORNITHOQALUM, Tourn. Star-op-Bethlehem. 

O. umbellatum, L. 

Cult, from Eu. and nat. in fields. B, old garden, Park's 
place, Hawk Hill. 

HEMEROCALLIS, L. Day Lily. 

H. pulva, L. Common Day Lily. 

Cult, from Old World and running wild near old houses. B, 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



81 



old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. This species does not 
fruit in this country, while H. flava, L. fruits freely. 

FUNKIA, Sprang. 
F. lancifolia, Spreng. 
Cult, from Japan. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

YUCCA, L. Spanish Bayonet. 
Y. filamentosa, L. Adam's Needle. 

Cult, from the South. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk 
Hill. 

CONVALLARIA, L. Lily op the Valley. 

C. MAJALIS, L. 

Cult, from Eu. and wild in the Alleghanies. B, old garden 
Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

PGLYGONATUM, Tourn. Solomon's Seal. 

P, biflorum, Ell. Smaller Solomon's Seal. 
Moist woods. B* and M *, common. 

ASPARAGUS, Tourn. 
A. officinalis, L. Garden Asparagus. 

Cult, from Eu. and frequently escaped. B *, rare • house- 
site, Hillside St., etc.: — M, fields and roadsides; woods 
rather remote from cult, grounds. 

SMILACINA, Desf. False Solomon's Seal. 
S. racernosa, Desf. False Spikenard. 

Rich woods and rocky wooded Jhillsides. B*, M, S* and 
B B* , common. 



MAIANTHEMUM, Wigg. 
M. Canadense, Desf. Dwarf Solomon's Seal. 
Rich moist woods. B, M, S* and BB*, common. 



82 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



UVULAR1A, L. Bbllwort. 

U. perfoliata, L. 

Moist rich woods. M, very rare ; Pine Hill. 

OAKESIA, Watson. 
O. sessiiifolia, Watson. Common Bellwort. Wild Oats. 
Open woods. B and M, common. 

ERYTHRQNIUM, L. Dog-tooth Violet. 
E. Americanum, Ker. 

Rich shady ground. M, frequent on Pine Hill: — BB*, 
occasional. 

LILIUM, L. Lilt. 

L. tigrinum, Ker. Tiger Lilt. 

Cult, from China and Japan. B, old garden, Park's place, 
Hawk Hill. 

L. Philadelphicum, L. Wild Red Lilt. Wood Lily. 

Open places in dry woods and pastures. B*, frequent; 
growing abundantly near Rattlesnake Hill ; E. slope of Fox 
Hill, etc. : — M, frequent ; more common in the N. part of the 
Reservation : — S*, frequent. 

L. Canadense, L. Wild Yellow Lilt. Canada Lilt. 
Meadows and boggy places. M, frequent. 

MEDEOLA, G-ronov. Indian Cucumber Root. 

M. Virginiana, L. 

Rich woods. B *, frequent : — M, common : —S*, Rooney's 
Rock. 

TRILLIUM, L. Wake Robin. 

T. cerauum, L. Nodding Trillium. 

Rich woods. B*, occasional ; swamp by Hawk Hill; Rat- 
tlesnake Hill, etc.: — M*, frequent; damp woods, N. of 
Wright's Pond, etc. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



83 



VERATRUM, Tourn. False Hellebore. 
V. viride, Ait. Indian Poke. 

Low grounds, and swamps. M, frequent : —BB *, wet 
ground below The Falls. 

PONTEDERIACE/E. Pickerel-weed Family. 

PONTEDERIA, L. Pickerel-weed. 
P. cordata, L. 

Shallow water. B, M, S and B B, common. 

XYRIDACE^. Yellow-eyed Grass Family. 

XYRIS, Gronov. Yellow-eyed Grass. 
X. flexuosa, Muhl. 

Sandy shores, and boggy places. 8*, edge of Turtle Pond. 
Var. pusllla, Gray. 

Sandy shores and boggy places. B, edge of Hoosicwhisick 
Pond. 

X. Caroliniana, "Walt. 

Swamps and boggy pools. M, frequent. 

JUNCACE/E. Push Family. 
JUNCUS, Tourn. Posh. 
J. effusus, L. Common Rush. 

Wet ground. B and M, common: — S*, meadow near 
Office : — BB*, occasional. 
J. marginatus, Rostk. 

Moist, generally sandy ground. B*, occasional: — M*, 

meadow off Forest St.; clamp wood-path, Melrose: BB* 

occurs. 

J. Greenii, Oakes & Tuck. 

Sandy soil near the coast. B, rare ; summit of Nahanton 
Hill. 



84 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



J. tenuis, Willd. 

Dry fields and roadsides. B*, common : — M*, W. border 
of S. Reservoir, etc. : — S*, near Bold Knob, etc. :—BB*, 
occurs. 
J. bufonius, L. 

Damp ground. B*, common. 
J. pelocarpus, E. Meyer. 

Wet sandy places. B, rare : — M*, occasional ; E. side of 
N. Reservoir, etc. 
J. articulatus, L. 

Wet ground. B*, occurs: — M*, meadow, W. of Forest 
St. ; E. slope of Bear Hill. 
J. acuminatus, Michx. 

Low ground. B* and BB*, occurs :— M*, swamp, S. of 
Black Rock, etc. 
J. Canadensis, J. Gay, var. longicaudatus, Engelm. 

Wet ground. B*, occurs : —M*, meadow, W. of Spot 
Pond, etc. A form between this and var. subcaudatus, En- 
gelm, was collected at Hemlock Bound, B. 
Var. coarctatus, Engelm. 

Low ground. B*, occasional: — M, E. side of N. Res- 
ervoir. 

LUZULA, DC. Wood Rush. 

L. campestris, DC. 

Dry woods, fields, clearings, and low ground. B, M* and 
BB*, common: — 8*, woods near Office. 



TYPHACE/E- Cat-tail Family. 
TYPHA, Tourn. Cat-tail Flag. 
T. latifolia, L. Common Cat-tail. 

Swamps and bogs. B*, frequent : — M, S and BB, common. 
T. angustifolia, L. 

Swamps and bogs. B*, rare; near Sawcut Pass ; near 
Monatiquot Stream. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



85 



SPARGANIUM, Tourn. Bur-eeed. 
S. simplex, Huds. 

Shallow water, ditches and bogs. B*, occasional; shore 
of Hoosicwhisick Pond ; near Sawcut Notch, etc. : — M, fre- 
quent: — S, occasional. 

Var. androcladum, Engelm. 

Bogs and ditches, generally in shallow water. B*, shore of 
Hoosicwhisick Pond. 



ARACE/E. Arum Family. 

ARIS^EMA, Mart. Indian Tuenip. 
A. triphyllum, Torr. Jack-in-the-Pulpit. 

Rich shady woods, bogs, and wet meadows. B* and M * 
common : — BB, occasional. 

PELTANDRA, Raf. Aeeow Arum. 
P. undulata, Raf. 

Wet meadows and bogs. B *, frequent ; Cedar Swamp, 
etc. : — S*, occurs : — BB*, below The Falls. 

CALLA, L. Water Arum. 
C. palustris, L. 

Bogs in shade. B*, Cedar Swamp : — M, Virginia Wood. 

SYMPLOCARPUS, Salisb. Skunk Cabbage. 
S. fcetidus, Salisb. 

Moist ground, bogs, and swamps. B, M*, S and BB, 
common. 

ACORUS, L. Sweet Flag. 
A. Calamus, L. 

Swamps and bogs. M, common in swamps: — BB*, 
occurs. 



86 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



LEMNACE.42. duckweed family. 

SPIRODELA, Schleid. 

S. polyrrhiza, Schleid. 

Ponds and pools, floating. M, frequent ; border of Doleful 
Pond; shore of S. Reservoir; bog, N. side of Bear Hill. 

LEMNA, L. Duckweed. 

L. Valdivlana, Philippi. 

Ponds and nooks in slow streams. B*, this most interest- 
ing species grows in Monatiquot Stream, near Randolph Ave. 

L. minor, L. 

Ponds and pools, floating. M, common ; bog, N. side of 
Bear Hill, etc. 

ALISMACEAl. Water-plantain Family. 

ALISMA, L. Water-plantain. 

A. Plantago, L. 

Wet boggy places in soft mud. B * and 8, common : — M, 
ditch, N. E. of Bear Hill. 

SAG ITT ARIA, L.| Arrowhead. 
S. latifolia, Willd.J 8. variabilis, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 554, in 
part. 
Wet places. B*, Cedar Swamp. 

S. latifolia, Willd., form c.§ S. variabilis, Gray, Man. ed. 
6, 554, in part. 
Wet places. B*, Balster Brook ; Monatiquot Stream. 

S. graminea, Michx. 

Shallow water. M *, common round Spot Pond. 

f&. variabilis, Engelm. is frequent in ditches and wet meadows in 
M, but it has not been studied in the light of J. G. Smith's new 

revision. 

% See 6th Ann. Rep. Missouri Bot. Garden, 34, t. 3. 
§ See 6th Ann. Rep. Missouri Bot. Garden, 38, t. 5. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



87 



NAIADACE^E. Pondweed Family. 
POTAMOQETON, Tourn. Pondweed. 

P. natans, L. 

Ponds and slow streams. M, rare ; Spot Pond. 
P. Nuttallii, Ch. & Sch.f P. Pennsylvanicus, Gray, Man. 
ed. 6, 559. 

Ponds and slow streams. B, Hoosicwhisiek Pond : — M, 
abundant in ditches round Spot Pond. 
P. Vaseyi, Bobbins. 

Ponds and pools. M, very rare ; Spot Pond. 
P. Spirillus, Tuck. 

Ponds and slow streams. B, rare ; Hoosicwhisiek Pond : — 
M*, W. shore of Spot Pond. 
P. pusillus, L. 

Ponds and slow streams. B, rare ; ditch near Hoosicwhisiek 
Pond. 

NAIAS, L. Naiad. 

N. flexilis, Kostk. & Schmidt. 

Ponds and slow streams. M*, border of N. Reservoir. 
N. gracillima, Morong.J N. Indica, Cham. , var. gracUlima, 

Gray, Man. ed. 6, 566. 

Ponds and slow streams. M, rare ; Spot Pond. 



ERIOCAULE^E. pipewort family. 

ERIOCAULON, L. Pipewort. 

E. septangulare, With. 

Borders of ponds and streams or in shallow water. B*, 
Hoosicwhisiek Pond, etc. : — M, occasional ; Spot Pond and 
adjacent ditches : — 8 *, Turtle Pond. 

t See Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, iii. 18, t. 20. 
X See Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, iii. 61, t. 68. 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



CYPERACE^E. Sedge Family. 

CYPERUS, Tourn. Galingale. 

C. diandrus, Torr. 

Low ground. B*, borderof Hoosicwhisick Pond : — i¥"*, by 
N. Reservoir. 
C. filiculmis, Vahl. 

Dry barren soil. B * and BB*, occurs. 
C. dentatus, Torr. 

Wet sandy places. _B*, border of Hoosicwhisick Pond: — 
M *, shore of Spot Pond. 

C. strigosus, L. 

Low ground. B * and B B*, occurs : — M*, shore of Spot 
Pond. 

DULICHIUM, Pers. 

D. spathaceum, Pers. 

Pond borders and wet places. B *, common : — M*, occa- 
sional ; border of Spot Pond, etc. 

ELEOCHARIS, P. Br. Spike Rush. 

E. tuberculosa, R. Br. 

Sandy moist soil. B *, rare ; collected in two localities. 
E. ovata, R. Br. 

Muddy places, borders of ponds and ditches. B *, border 
of Hoosicwhisick Pond: — M*, common: — S*, border of 
Turtle Pond, etc. : — B B*, occurs. 
E. Engelmanni, Steud. 

Wet places. B* and M, rare. 
E. olivacea, Torr. 

Wet sandy and muddy soil. B*, rare: — M*, meadow, 
W. of Spot Pond : — JS* t occasional ; borderof Turtle Pond, 
etc. 
E. palustris, R. Br. 

Wet places or in water. B, frequent; Hawk Hill, etc. : — 
Jf", meadow, Melrose. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



89 



E. tenuis, Schult. 

Wet places, sometimes in rather dry sandy spots. B*, oc- 
curs : — M, frequent. 
E. acicularis, R. Br. 

Muddy places by ponds and streams ; a delicate little plant 
in its flowering and fruiting form, but often filling ditches and 
streams with sterile culms, sometimes nearly a foot long, rarely 
accompanied by fertile culms ; this peculiar form has long 
been unrecognizable. B*, border of Hoosicwhisick Pond: — 
M*, border of Spot Pond. 



FIMBRiSTYLLS, Vahl. 
F. autumnalis, Eoem. & Schult. 

Low ground. B*, border of Hoosicwhisick Pond: — 31*, 
rare ; ditch in meadow, W. of Spot Pond. 
F. capillaris, Gray. 

Dry sandy soil. B *, frequent ; Great Dome; top of Han- 
cock Hill, etc. 

SCIRPUS, Tourn. Bulrush. Club Rush. 
S. pianiMius, Muhl. 

Dry or moist open woods. B, frequent on slope of Hawk 
Hill. 
S. debilis, Pursh. 

Wet swampy ground. M*, rare ; W. shore of Spot Pond. 
5. sylvaticus, L. 

Wet ground, by brooks, etc. M, rare. 
S. atrovirens, Muhl. 

Wet meadows, bogs, and roadsides. S *, meadow, W. of 
Office. 

ERIOPHORUM, L. Cotton Grass. 
E. cyperinurn, L. 

Wet roadsides, meadows, and swamps. B * and M* , occurs. 
E. vaginatum, L. 

Cold bogs. S*, bog, W. of Turtle Pond. 



90 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



E. Virginicum, L. 

Wet meadows and low ground. B *, frequent : — M*, border 
of Doleful Pond : — 8*, border of Turtle Pond. 

E. gracile, Koch. 

Bogs. M*, rare ; meadow off Pond St. 

RHYNCHOSPORA, Vahl. Beak Rush. 
R. fusca, Roem. & Schult. 

Low ground. B, in the S. E. part of the Reservation. 

R. alba, Vahl. 

Wet meadows and bogs. B, occurs : — M *, frequent ; 
meadow, N. E. of Bear Hill, etc. : — S, occasional. 

R. glonierata, Vahl. 

Low ground. B*, shore of Hoosicwhisick Pond, etc.: — 
M*, frequent; E. border of N. Reservoir, etc. 

CAREX, Ruppius. Sedge. 
C. folliculata, L. 

Swamps and wet meadows. B*, common ; Cedar Swamp; 
base of Hawk Hill, etc. 

C. inturnescens, Rudge. 

Swamps and wet pastures. B*, common : — M, occasional : 
— S, occurs. 

C. lupulina, Muhl. 

Wet places. B*, common : — M *, by Spot Pond, etc. 

C. utriculata, Boott. 

Swampy places. M*, border of Doleful Pond. 

Var. minor, Boott. 

Swampy places. M, rare. 

C. bullata, Schkuhr. 

Low ground. B 1 occasional. 

C. lurida, Wahl. 

Wet places. J3*, common: — M*, S* and BB*, occurs 
and doubtless common. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



91 



C. Pseudo-Cyperus, L., var. Americana, Hochst. 

Swamps and wet places. B, frequent: — M* and S*, 
occurs. 

C. scabrata, Schwein. 

Wet meadows and bogs. B *, rare ; near Cragfoot Spring : 
— M *, rare ; boggy woods, Medford. 

C. vestita, Willd. 

Sandy places. S*, meadow, W. of Office. 

C. filiformis, L. 

Boggy places. M, occasional. 

Var. latilolia, Boeckl. 

Bogs and low meadows. BB*, occurs. 

C. rigida, Gooden., var. Qoodenovii, Bailey. t C. vulgaris, 
Gray, Man. ed. 6, 599. 
Low meadows. B, occurs : — M, meadow near Spot Pond :. 
— S *, meadow, S. W. of Office. 

C. rigida, Gooden., var. strictilormis, Bailey.J G. vulgaris, 
var. strictiformis, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 599. 
Moist places. B, rare : — M*, rare ; border of swamp near 
Old Silver Mine. 

C. stricta, Lam. 

Low ground, meadows, and bogs. M, frequent: — S* and 
BB* , occurs. 

Var. angustata, Bailey. 

Low ground, meadows, and bogs. M *, rare ; meadow, N. 
E. of Bear Hill. 

Var. decora, Bailey. 

Low ground, meadows, and bogs. BB, by the brook. 

C. crinita, Lam. 

Meadows and damp roadsides. B*, common: — M*, shore 
of Spot Pond, etc. : — 8 *, Happy Valley, etc. : — B B *, occurs. 

t See Gray, Man. ed. 6, 2d issue, 735 c. 
\ See Jour. Bot. xxviii. 172 (1890). 



92 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



C. virescens, Muhl. 

Rich shady ground. B*, common: — M *, pine woods off 
Ravine Road, etc. ; slender form near Cascade : — 8 •, swamp, 
S. W. of Office. 

Var. costata, Dewey. 

Rich shady ground. B, frequent; S. slope of Great Blue 
Hill, etc. 

C. debilis, Michx., var. Rudgei, Bailey. 

Moist ground. B, occasional: — M*, Pine Hill: — 8 *, 
swamp, S. W. of Office : — BB*, occurs. 

C. gracillima, Schwein. 

Meadows and open woods. B, S* and B B *, occurs: — 
M *, Virginia Wood ; Pine Hill, etc. 

C. flava, L., var. graminis, Bailey. 

Wet meadows and grassy places. M*, rare ; E. shore of 
Spot Pond. 

C. paHeseens, L. 

Meadows and damp places. B, frequent ; Hawk Hill, etc. : — 
M*, 8 and BB*, occurs. 

C. conoidea, Schkuhr. 

Moist places. M *, rare ; meadow, N. E. of Bear Hill ; 
meadow, N. end of Doleful Pond. 

C. laxiflora, Lam., var. blanda, Boott.| G. laxiflora, var. 
striatula. Gray, Man. ed. 6, 607. 
Open woods and grassy places. M *, Pine Hill, etc. : — 
B B*, occurs. 

Var. latifolia, Boott. 

Rich woods. B, rare ; Rattle Rock. 

Var. patulifolia, Carey. 

Open woods and moist places. B, frequent ; Hawk Hill, 
etc. : — M*, Virginia Wood ; Pine Hill ; Cascade region, etc. : 
— 8, occurs. 

tSee Coulter, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. ii. 481. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



93 



C. digitalis, Willd. 

Open woods. B, occasional ; Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M*, 
wood-road, W. of Pine Hill. 

C. laxiculmis, Schwein. 

Open woods. B and B B*, rare : — M *, rare ; damp woods off 
Ravine Road. 

C. platyphylla, Carey. 
Rich woods. M, rare. 

C. panicea, L. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and grassy places. B, occasional ; 
Hawk Hill, etc. 

C. varia, Muhl. 

Dry woods and open places. M*, Virginia Wood ; border 
of thicket, N. side of Spot Pond : — S*, upland rocks. 

C. Novae-Anglize, Schwein. 

Swamps, low ground, and shady banks. B, "Blue Hills, 
June 3, 1870," coll. William Boott and in Gray Herb.f 

C. Pennsylvanica, Lam. 

Dry slopes and fields ; one of our earliest and commonest 
species. B and BB*, common : —M* and S, occurs and 
doubtless common. 

C. communis, Bailey. 

Dry open woods and hillsides. B, rare ; near Nahanton 
Hill. 

C. precox, Jacq. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields. S, rare ; Bellevue Hill. 

C. umbellata, Schkuhr. 

Dry slopes and woods. B *, frequent ; Wampatuck Hill ; 
slope of Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M* and S*, common. 

C. polytrichoides, Muhl. 

Moist open woods and bogs. B and M, frequent. 

t Collected also by Wm. Boott, July 10, 1861, in Purgatory Swamp, 
Dedham, near the Reservation. The specimen is in the Gray Herb. 



94 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



C. stipata, Muhl. 

Moist open ground. B, common: — M* , frequent: — S* 
and BB*, occurs and doubtless common. 

C. vulpinoidea, Michx. 

Low ground. M*, damp open places in woods, Stoneham : 
— 8*, swamp, N. W. of Office. 

C. tenella, Schkuhr. 

Swamps and cold woods. B, occasional in Cedar Swamp. 

C. rcsea, Schkuhr. 

Rich woods. B, frequent at base of Great Blue Hill : — M *, 
Pine Hill : — 8, occurs. 

Var. radiata, Dewey. 

Open dry woods and sunny places. 
Cascade. 



B, occasional : — M, 



Var. retroflexa, Torr. 

Open places and dry woods. M*, open rocky woods, 
Stoneham: — 6'*, upland woods. 

C. sparganioides, Muhl. 

Rich woods. B and M, occasional. 

C mdricata, L. 

Nat. from Eu. in dry fields and on sunny slopes. M *, low 
ground off Ravine Road, "The nerves unusually strong," L. 
H. Bailey : ■ — BB*, occurs. 

C. Muhlenfoergii, Schkuhr. 

Open sterile ground. B, rare ; Rattlesnake Hill. 

C. cephalophora, Muhl. 

Dry soil. B and BB*, occurs: — M*, W. border of S. 
Reservoir ; wood-road, N. of Pine Hill. 

C. sterilis, Willd.f 0. echinata, var. microstachys, Gray, 
Man. ed. 6, 618. 
Wet meadows, and low ground. M*, occasional ; N. edge 
of Doleful Pond, etc. : — 8 *, by Turtle Pond : — B B *, occurs . 

t See Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xx. 424. 









CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



95 



Var. excelsior, Bailey, f 

Wet bogs and damp woods. M*, border of Doleful Pond ; 
bog, N. side of Bear Hill ; a form approaching var. cephalantha, 
Bailey, wet meadow, N. of Bear Hill : — S*, border of Turtle 
Pond, etc. 

Var. cephalantha, Bailey. { O. echinata, var. cephalantha, 
Gray, Man. ed. 6, 618. 
Meadows and low ground. M, ditch, N. of Spot Pond. 

C. Atlantica, Bailey. § G. echinata, var. conferta, Gray, 
Man. ed. 6, 618. 
Bogs and low ground. S *, rare ; S. slope of Bellevue Hill ; 
damp roadside. 

C. interior, Bailey, var. capillacea, Bailey. || 

Dryish bogs. B *, rare : — S, border of Turtle Pond. 

C. canescens, L. 

Low ground, bogs, and swamps. B and M*, common : 

S *, meadow near Office : — B B*, occurs. 

Var. vulgaris, Bailey. 

Generally in drier places. M*, border of bog, N. side of 
Bear Hill. 

C. trisperma, Dewey. 

Damp woods and cold bogs. B*, occasional ; Cedar Swamp, 
etc. : — S '*, swamp, W. of Turtle Pond. 

C. bromoides, Schknhr. 

Wet open woods. M*, Pine Hill ; boggy woods off Forest 
St. : — -BB*, boggy woods. 

C. tribuloides, Wahl. 

Open low ground. B and B B*, occurs. 

Var. reducta, Bailey. 

Open low ground. BB, occurs. 

t See Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xx. 424. 
J See Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xx. 425. 
§ See Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xx. 425. 
|| See Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, xx. 426. 



96 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



C. scoparia, Schkuhr. 

Open places in meadows and by roadsides. B*, M* and 8*, 
occurs. Doubtless common in all the Reservations. 

C. foenea, Willd. 

Dryish open places. B*, occasional: — M*, occasional; 
border of S. Reservoir; N. end of Doleful Pond, etc. : — BB*, 
in shade near Trapelo Road. 

C. straminea, Willd. 

Dryish fields and open woods. M *, Pine Hill. 

Var. mirabilis, Tuck. 

Shady places. B, frequent at base of Hawk Hill: — S*, 
damp roadside and meadows : — BB, occurs. 

Var. aperta, Boott. 

Bogs and wet places. B, rare. 

GRAMINE/E. Grass Family. 
PASPALUM, L. 

P. setaceum, Michs. 

Sandy and gravelly places. B *, near Hoosicwhisick Pond ; 
valley, E. of Wampatuck Hill, etc. : — M m , occasional: — BB*, 
occurs. 

PANJCUM, L.f Panic Grass. 

P. SANGUINALE, L. CRAB GRASS. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, ground and waste places. B *, slope 
of Great Blue Hill, etc. 

P. glabrum, Gaudin. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, ground and waste places. B*, oc- 
casional. 

P. filiforme, L. 

Dry sandy soil. B*, rare ; gravelly road, W. Quincy. 

t The arrangement of the species of this genus is ace. to Scribner 
(Grasses of Tenn. pt. 2), who kindly examined the difficult dichoto- 
rnum group. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



97 



P. Crus-galli, L. Barnyard Grass. 

Nat. from Eu. in moist waste places. B*, occasional: 

M, frequent. 

P. miliaceum, L.f True Millet. 
Cult, and rarely escaped. B, rare. 

P. agrostoides, Muhl. 

Wet meadows and borders of streams. _B*, occasional • bor- 
der of Hoosicwhisick Pond, etc. : — M*, occasional; E. bor- 
der of N. Reservoir, etc. 

P. proliferum, Lam. 

Borders of ponds and streams. B*, rare; by pool in Pine 
Tree Brook. 

P. capillare, L. 

Cult, fields and all waste places. BB*, occurs ; doubtless 
common in all the Reservations. 

P. latifolium, L. 

Low ground in shady places. B *, common : — M*, occurs : 
— S*, Rooney's Rock, etc. 

P. commutatum, Schult. 

Rocky woods and hillsides. M*, N. of Cascade. 
P. scopariurra, Lam. 

Wet meadows and damp places. B*, occurs. 
P. depauperatum, Muhl. 

Dry woods and sandy places. B*, occurs: — Jf», near 
Cascade, etc. : — S*, Milkweed Hill, etc. 

P. sphserocarpon, Ell. P. nitidum, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 632. 
in part. 
Dry or moist ground. M*, wet borders of N. and W. sides 
of S. Reservoir. 

P. lanuginosum, Ell. P. dichotomum, Gray, Man. ed. 6 
633, in part. 
Open woods and thickets, usually in moist soil ; generally 

t See Vasey, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. iil. 34. 



98 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



csespitose ; hairy throughout ; panicle two or three inches long, 
diffuse; spikelets three-fourths to nearly one line long, oblong- 
elliptical, obtuse ; second and third glumes seven-nerved, pu- 
bescent ; fourth glume smooth, obtuse ; common in this region. 
M*, borders of Reservoirs and Doleful Pond; rocky woods, 
meadows, etc. : — S*, Happy Valley; Bellevue Hill, etc. -. — 
BB*, occurs. 
P. nilidum, Lam. 

Open places. B, occasional : — M*, borders of Spot Pond, 
Doleful Pond, N. Reservoir, etc. 
P. dichotomum, L. 

Dry or wet soil, in sun or shade. B *, common : — it/*, bor- 
der of Doleful Pond; hillside, N. of Cascade, etc.: — S m , 
Milkweed Hill ; Happy Valley. 

P. barbulatum, Michx. P. dichotomum, Gray, Man. ed. 6, 
633, in part. 

Open woods ; spikelets smooth ; nodes bearded with reflexed 
hairs. B *, occurs. 

SETARIA, Beauv. Bristly Foxtail Grass. 
S. glauca, Beauv. Foxtail Grass. 

Adv. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B * and M, 
occurs. 
S. vieidis, Beauv. Green Foxtail. 

Adv. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B*, occa- 
sional : — M*, occurs. 

LEERSIA, Swartz. White Grass. 
L. Virginica, Willd. White Grass. 

Wet shady places. B *, occasional : — ■ S and B B*, occurs. 
L. oryzoides, Swartz. Rice Cut Grass. 

Wet places. B*, border of Hoosicwhisick Pond, etc. : — 
B B*, occurs. 

MISCANTHUS, Anders. 

M. Sinensis, Anders. Eulalia Japonica, forma variegata, of 
nurserymen. Zebra Grass. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



99 



Cult, from Japan. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

ANDROPOGON, Royen. Beard Grass. 
A. furcatus, Muhl. 

Dry barren soil. B*, Great Blue Hill; E. slope of Han- 
cock Hill. 
A. scoparius, Michx. 

Dry fields and roadsides. 5*, common: — M, occurs and 
doubtless common : — S, frequent. 
A. Virginscus, L. 

Sandy places. B, rare. 

CHRYSOPOGQN, Trin. 
C. nutans, Benth. 

Dry ground. B *, Hillside St. ; near the top of Hancock 
Hill. 



Under ANTHOXANTH UM 



niiEiiwvii^v/^, wuivi. 



insert — A. odokatom, L. 



H. borealis, Eoem. & Schult. 

Wet chiefly brackish meadows, and salt marshes. M *, rare ■ 
N. side of Spot Pond. 

ARIST5DA, L. Triple-awned Grass. 
A. dichotoma, Michx. Poverty Grass. 

Dry sandy or gravelly places. B*, occasional; dry paths 
on Great Blue Hill, etc. 
A. gracilis, Ell. 

Sandy places. B*, valley, E. of Wampatuck Hill, etc. 

STIPA, L. Feather Grass. 
S. avenacea, L. Black Oat Grass. 

Dry woods. B, rare ; base of Great Blue Hill. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



99 



Cult, from Japan. B, old garden, Park's place, Hawk Hill. 

ANDROPOGON, Koyen. Beard Grass. 
A. furcatus, Muhl. 

Dry barren soil. B *, Great Blue Hill ; E. slope of Han- 
cock Hill. 
A. scoparius, Michx. 

Dry fields and roadsides. B*, common: — M, occurs and 
doubtless common : — S, frequent. 
A. Virginlcus, L. 

Sandy places. B, rare. 

CHRYSOPOGON, Trin. 
C. nutans, Benth. 

Dry ground. B *, Hillside St. ; near the top of Hancock 
Hill. 

ANTHOXANTHUM, L. Sweet Vernal Grass. 
Nat. from Eu. in fields and meadows. B * and BB*, com- 
mon : — M and S*, occurs. 

HIEROCHLOE, Gmelin. Sweet Grass. 
H. borealis, B,oem. & Schult. 

Wet chiefly brackish meadows, and salt marshes. M*, rare • 
N. side of Spot Pond. 

ARISTIDA, L. Triple-awned Grass. 
A. dichotoma, Michx. Poverty Grass. 

Dry sandy or gravelly places. B*, occasional; dry paths 
on Great Blue Hill, etc. 
A. gracilis, Ell. 

Sandy places. B*, valley, E. of Wampatuck Hill, etc. 

STIPA, L. Feather Grass. 
S. avenacea, L. Black Oat Grass. 

Dry woods. B, rare ; base of Great Blue Hill. 



100 



METRO POLITAN PARK FLORA. 



ORYZOPSIS, Michx. Mountain Rice. 
O. melanocarpa, Muhl. 

Dry rocky woods. M*, rare; Cascade. 

O. asperifolia, Michx. 

Rich woods. B, rare ; N. base of Hawk Hill : — M *, rare. 

O. Canadensis, Torr. 

Rocky slopes and dry places. B, rare ; Wampatuck Hill : — 
8, common. 

MUHLENBERGIA, Schreb. Drop-seed Grass. 
M. sobolifera, Trin. 

Rocky places in open woods. B, occasional ; base of Han- 
cock Hill. 

M. glomerata, Trin. 

Boggy places and damp roadsides. B *, rare ; border of 
pool, E. of Great Dome : — S, rare. 

M. Mexicana, Trin. 

Moist places. B, occurs. 

M. sylvatica, Torr. & Gray. 

Rocky or low woods and shady places. B, frequent ; S. 
slope of Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M, occasional. 

M. Willdenovii, Trin. 

Rocky shady places. B *, bases of Hawk Hill, Great Blue 
Hill, etc. : — M*, occasional ; W. border of Spot Pond, etc. 

BRACHYELYTRUM, Beauv. 
B. aristatum, Beauv. 

Rocky woods. J5*, occurs : — S*, Happy Valley. 

PHLEUM, L. Cat's-tail Grass. 
P. pratense, L. Timothy. Herd's Grass. 

Nat. from Eu. in meadows and by roadsides. B and $*, 
occurs : — M *, common. Doubtless common in all the Reser- 
vations. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



101 



ALOPECURUS, L. Fox-tail Gbass. 
A. peatensis, L. Meadow Fox-tail. 

Nat. from Eu. in meadows, pastures, and by roadsides. 
M, frequent : — BB *, occurs. 

A. GENICULATUS, L. FLOATING FOX-TAIL. 

Nat. from Eu. in meadows and moist places. M*, swamp, 
slope of Bear Hill. 

Var. aristulatus, Torr. 

Wet places. M*, swamps on slopes of Bear Hill ; E. shore 
of Spot Pond. 

SPOROBQLUS, R. Br. Dkop-seed Grass. 
S. vaginaeflorus, Vasey. 

Dry and barren places. B*, occurs. 
S. serotinus, Gray. 

VYet places. B*, common; — Jf*, meadow, base of Bear 
Hill. 

AGROSTIS, L. Bent Grass. 
A. alba, L. White Bent Grass. 
Nat. from Eu. and cult. M*, occurs. 

Var. vulgaris, Thurb. Red Top. 

Nat. from Eu. and cult. M* and BB*, occurs: — M*, 
forma aristata occurs. 

A. perennans, Tuck. Thin Grass. 

Moist shaded places. B*, M* and S*, occurs and doubt- 
less common. 

A. scabra, Willd. Hair Grass. 

Dry places. B *, occurs : — M *, frequent. 

A. canlna, L. Brown Bent Grass. 

Meadows and moist places. S *, meadow, W. of Office. 

CINNA, L. Wood Reed Grass. 
C arundinacea, L. 



102 



METROPOLITAN PAKE FLORA. 



Moist shady woods and swamps. B*, M* and S, oc- 
casional. 

CALAMAGROSTIS, Adans. Reed Bent Grass. 
C. Canadensis, Beauv. Blue Joint. 

Wet places. M, frequent: — S*, occurs and doubtless 
common. 

C. Nuttailiana, Steud. 

Moist places. B*, near Cedar Swamp: — M*, border of 
wood-path, Melrose: — 8, rare. 

HOLCUS, L. Meadow Soft Grass. 
H. lanatus, L. Velvet Grass. 

Nat. from Eu. in damp meadows. B, found in a few locali- 
ties near Hawk Hill. 

DESCHAMPSIA, Beauv. 

D. flexuosa, Trin. 

Dry fields and hillsides. B, common. 

A VENA, Tourn. Oat. 

A. sativa, L. Common Oat. 

Cult, from Old World, and escaped. B*, frequent along 
roadsides. 

DANTHON1A, DC. Wild Oat Grass. 

D. spicata, Beauv. 

Dry fields and sterile soil. B*, common: — Jf*and£*, 
occurs. Doubtless common in all the Reservations. 

D. cornpressa, Aust. 

Dry open places. B*, occasional : — M*, near Bear's Den 
path and Cascade, etc. 

EATONIA, Raf. 

E. Dudley!, Vasey. 

Meadows and moist land. M, Cascade region. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



103 



ERAGROSTIS, Beauv. 
E. capillaris, Nees. 

Dry fields and open woods. B, rare ; ledge on S. slope of 
Great Blue Hill. 
E. pectinacea, Gray. 

Dry fields and sandy places. B, occasional. 

DACTYLIS, L. Oechaed Geass. 

D. glomeeata, L. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and by roadsides. B and M, com- 
mon : — B B *, occurs. 

POA, L. Speae Geass. Meadow Geass. 
P. annua, L. Low Speae Geass. 

Nat. from Eu. in cult, and waste grounds. B, frequent : — 
M, common in fields and by roadsides : — BB*, occurs. 
P. compeessa, L. Wire Geass. 

Nat. from Eu. in fields and waste places. B *, frequent : — 
M, common : — 8 * and B B*, occurs and doubtless common. 
P. serotina, Ehrh. False Red-top. Fowl Meadow-grass. 

Low ground. M*, common : — 8 *, occurs. 
P. pratensis, L. June Geass. Kentucky Blue Grass. 

Meadows, pastures, and roadsides. B*, common: — M*, 
8* and BB*, occurs and doubtless common. 

GLYCERIA, R. Br. Manna Geass. 
G. Canadensis, Trin. Rattlesnake Geass. 

Wet places. B * and M, frequent : — 8, occasional. 
G. obtusa, Trin. 

Boggy places. 2?*, frequent; Cedar Swamp ; near Hoosic- 
whisick Pond, etc. : — 8*, occasional ; border of Turtle Pond, 
etc. 
G. nervata, Trin. 

Meadows and wet open places. B * and M *, frequent : — 
8* and BB*, occurs. 



104 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



Q. pallida, Trin. 

Shallow water. M *, frequent ; border of Wright's Pond ; 
near Spot Pond, etc. 

Q. fluitans, R. Br. 

Shallow water. B*, occurs: — M *, rare } S. side of Spot 
Pond: — S*, swamp, S. W. of Office. 

Q. acutiflora, Torr. 

Shallow water and wet places. M *, occasional ; brook, W. 
of Bear Hill ; swamp, S. of Black Rock, etc. 

FESTUCA, L. Fescue Grass. 
P. tenella, Willd. 

Dry barren places. B*, occasional; Hawk Hill, etc.: — 
S*, rare ; Bold Knob. 

F. ovinia, L. Sheep's Fescue. 
Pastures. BB*, rare. 

F. nutans, Willd. 

Rocky places in woods. B, frequent; Hawk Hill, etc. : — 
M *, rare ; foot of Cascade. 

F. elatior, L., var. pratensis, Gray. 

Na,t. from Eu. in grassy places. M, frequent: — S * and 
BB*, occurs. Doubtless common in all the Reservations. 

BROMUS, L. Brome Grass. 
B. secalinus, L. Chess. Cheat. 

Adv. from Eu. in wheat fields and waste places. B *, house- 
sites : — M *, rare ; single plant in pasture. 

B. racemosus, L. Upright Chess. 

Adv. from Eu. in waste places. B, rare; Chickatawbut 
Hill. 
B. ciliatus, L. 

Moist or dry shady places. B, frequent: — Jf*, Cascade; 
rocky woods, slope of Bear Hill, etc. : — 8*. foot of Over- 
brook Hill. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



105 



AORQPYRUM, Gaerta. False Wheat. 

A. repens, Beauv. Witch G-rass. 

Cult, and waste places everywhere. M *, frequent. Doubt- 
less in all the Reservations. 
A. caninum, Eoem. & Schult. 

Rocky woods and cult, ground. M m , rare; rocky woods, 
Stoneham. 

TRITICUM, L. Wheat. 
T. sativum, Lam. Common Wheat. 

Cult, and escaped. B*, roadside by Wolcott Pines, the 
short-awned form. 

ELYMUS, L. Wild Rye. Lyme Grass. 

E. Canadensis, L. 

Banks of streams and wet places. B, occasional. 

E. striatus, Willd. 

Rocky woods and shade. B, occasional. 

ASPRELLA, Willd. Botile Bkush Grass. 

A. Hystrix, Willd. 

Rich woods. B, occasional : — M, rocks below Cascade. 



Class II. GYMNOSPERMuE. 
CONIFER/E. Pine Family. 

PINUS, Tourn. Pine. 

P. Strobus, L. White Pine. 

Moist ground and hillsides. JB, common throughout in the 
valleys and on the hill-tops ; the largest white pines in the Res- 
ervation are among the Crossman Pines ; the finest grove is 
near the junction of Canton and Blue Hill Avenues: — M*, 
common ; large trees at the S. end of Spot Pond and W. edge 
of the Reservation : — 8, common ; but few large trees in the 



106 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



Reservation : — B B, occasional ; a few large trees in the 

N. section. 

P. rigida, Mill. Pitch Pine. 

Sterile or sandy soil. B, frequent throughout ; good trees 
in an old pasture, W. of Balster Brook ; a few on the top of 
Great Blue Hill and Rattlesnake Hill, etc. : — M, common : — 
S, frequent : — BB, frequent ; a group on the ridge, N. of the 
Waverly Oaks ; several old trees near Trapelo Road, in the 
N. section. 

P. SYLVESTRIS, L. SCOTCH PlNE. 

Cult, from Eu. B B, an old tree near superintendent's 
house. 

P1CEA, Link. Spruce. 
P. excelsa, Link. Norway Spruce. 

Planted from Eu. ; the commonest and most vigorous spe- 
cies. B and M, occasional about house-sites: — BB, by 
superintendent's house. 

TSUQA, Carr. Hemlock. 
T. Canadensis, Carr. 

Dry rocky woods and ridges, and in rich soil by borders of 
streams. B, frequent ; outlet of Blueberry Swamp ; Bear Hill ; 
Hancock Hill, etc. ; a fine specimen is perched upon the top of 
a massive square bowlder, 6 ft. or more above the ground, and 
forms the town boundary between Quincy and Brain tree, its 
diameter being 5 ft. 10J in. ; " TheE. slope of South-east Ridge 
was a hemlock forest, about 30 years ago. The trees were 
blazed to be cut. Peleg Bronson, then a boy, while passing 
through the woods, marked some of the best of them, ' Do not 
cut, to be reserved,' not with authority, but hoping thus to save 
them. The trees are still living, decrepit old patriarchs " : — 
M, frequent throughout ; large and tall trees at the S. end of 
Spot Pond ; a grove of large trees near Ravine Road. 

CHAM/ECYPARIS, Spach. White Cedar. Cypress. 
C. sphasroidea, Spach. 

Cold deep swamps. B, frequent in several swamps in W". 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



107 



Quincy, notably in Cedar Swamp, where some large trees still 
survive : — M, rare ; confined to Cedar island in Cedar Swamp, 
and the lowland, W. of Bear Hill. 

JUNIPERUS, L. Juniper. 

J. communis, L. Common Junipek. 

Dry sterile ground. B, frequent ; more confined to pastures 
than elsewhere, but shaded out by growing woods ; pasture, 
E. of Balster Brook; base of Chickatawbut Hill, etc. : — M*, 
frequent in rocky upland woods and fields : — S and BB, occa- 
sional in pastures. 

J. Virginiana, L. Red Cedar. Savin. 

Dry ridges, hills, andjpastures. B*, common; grows nat- 
urally on the sunny hill-tops and in the open pastures, but is 
easily shaded out by growing trees; fine trees, 20 or 30 ft. 
high in the pasture, E. of Pine Tree Brook ; summit on the W. 
side of Great Blue Hill ; a group on the summit of Chickataw- 
but Hill, etc.: — M*, common on rocky wooded hillsides; 
abundant on the summit and upper slopes of Bear Hill : — £ 
and BB, common. 



Series II. CRYPTOGAMIA. FLOWERLESS PLANTS. 



Class I. PTERIDOPHYTA. 
(By George E. Davenport.) 

The diverse character of the Reservations justifies expecta- 
tions of finding a liberal representation of the vascular crypto- 
gams in their flora, and these expectations will no doubt be 
fully realized when all parts of the Reservations shall have 
been thoroughly worked over. As the present report is based 
wholly upon specimens actually collected, or known to exist in 
reliable herbaria, a necessarily somewhat incomplete report 
must be expected. An examination of this report will show 



108 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



that the Blue Hills and Middlesex Fells Reservations have 
been more thoroughly worked over than the Stony Brook and 
Beaver Brook Reservations, although the latter can scarcely be 
any the less interesting to a botanist studying the Ferns and 
their Allies. 

The arrangement adopted here is that of the late Prof. D. C. 
Eaton, in the 6th edition of Gray's Manual, and comments are 
made in connection with the different species for the purpose 
of calling attention to certain points that may lead to a more 
thorough investigation, and result in restoring under proper 
guidance many species once common, or fairly plentiful, but 
now nearly or wholly extirpated from various causes now 
happily within control and future prevention. 



EQUISETACE/4E. Horsetail Family. 

EQUISETUM, L. Horsetail. Scouring Rush. 
E. arvense, L. Common Horsetail. 

Common everywhere in sandy soil ; the fertile stems appear- 
ing very early in spring and soon perishing, the sterile stems 
appearing later and lasting all summer. B and M, common : — 
BB*, near the ponds. 

E. sylvaticum, L. 

A rather scarce plant growing in wet shady woodlands ; the 
fertile stems fruiting early in spring, the fruit soon withering 
away, but the stems remaining all summer with the sterile. 
B*, occurs. 
E. limosura, L. 

A rare plant; stems all of one kind, in shallow water, fruit- 
ing in summer. M *, occasional ; ditch, S. of Bear Hill ; 
meadows, N. side of Spot Pond, etc.: — S*, meadow near 
Office. 

E. hyemale, L. Scouring Rush. 

Wet places, evergreen. M*, occurs: — B B, meadow near 
the brook. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



109 



FILICES. Ferns. 

POLYPODIUM, L. Polypody. 

P. vulgare, L. Common Polypody. 

Rocks. 23*, common: — M*, abundant wherever there are 
ledges ; seen growing on a large tree near Cascade some years 
ago : — S, reported as common on damp rocks in woods. 

ADIANTUM, L. Maidenhair. 

A. pedatuin, L. 

Rocky ravines. B *, occasional ; Hawk Hill ; Hancock Hill, 
etc. : — M, occasional within the past twenty years, but now 
exceedingly rare ; a fern so beautiful as this should not be per- 
mitted to become extinct when it can be so readily replenished 
from regions where it is abundant, and then carefully pro- 
tected. 

PTERIS, L. Brake. 

P. aquilina, L. 

Thickets and dry knolls. B*, M, S and BB, common. 

WOODWARDIA, Smith. Chain Fern. 

W. Virginica, Smith. 

Swamps and woodlands. B*, rare; near Monatiquot 
Stream, etc. : — M*, frequent in the S. part of the Reservation. 

W. angustifolia, Smith. 

Low woodlands ; rare. 23*, rare ; near Monatiquot Stream, 
W. Quincy ; Cedar Swamp. 

ASPLENIUM, L. Spleenwort. 

A. Trichomanes, L. False Maidenhair. 

Crevices of rocky declivities ; becoming rare. 23, frequent on 
ledges near top of Great Blue Hill : — M*, occasional ; rocks, 
N. side of Spot Pond ; Cascade region ; rocky woods, Bear 
Hill. 



110 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



A. ebeneum, Ait. Ebony Spleenwort. 

Occasional on knolls and ledges. B*, frequent; by Mona- 
tiquot Stream ; rocky places on Great Blue Hill, etc. : — M*, 
occasional ; Cascade region ; abundant on Bear Hill, etc. 
A. thelypteroides, Michx. 

Rich woods. B, rare ; near Ceclar Swamp : — M, found in 
the Pine Hill woodlands, some years ago. 
A. Filix=fcemina, Bernh. Lady Fern. 

Common in a variety of forms in moist woodlands, the var. 
a.ngustum, D. C. Eaton, in dry exposed situations. B *, fre- 
quent ; by Old Furnace Brook ; N. and E. of Babel Rock, 
etc.; var. angustum, D. C. Eaton, slope of Hawk Hill : — 
M*i common in damp woods : — BB, occurs. 

PHEGOPTERLS, Fee. Beech Fern. 

P. polypodioides, Fee. 

Occasional in damp woods and ravines. B*, occurs : — M, 
rare. 
P. hexagomoptera, Fee. 

Damp woods; rare. B*, rare ; base of Hawk Hill, etc. :— 
M*, rare ; damp woods, E. slope of Bear Hill, and two sta- 
tions in Medford. 
P. Dryopteris, Fee. 

Damp rocky woods ; rare. M, reported as abundant in one 
locality, Melrose. 

ASPIDIUM, Swz. Shield Fern. 
A. Thelypteris, Swz. 

Common in various situations in low ground. B* and M*, 
common. 
A. simulatum, Davenport. ■f 

Low moist woodlands with A. Thelypteris and A. Novebora- 
cence ; it thrives best in shaded situations, fruiting abundantly 
where A. Thelypteris is nearly always sterile ; as yet not well 

t See Hot. Gaz. xix. 495. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



Ill 



occasional ; Pine Hill 



known to our limits, but turniug up frequently elsewhere. B* 
rare ; Cedar Swamp : — M, two fronds from Stoneham, prob- 
ably in the Reservation limits near Bear Hill, in the Hitchino- 
collection in the Appalachian Club Herb. 

A. Noveboracense, Swz. Wood Pern. 

Common in various situations in low ground. B* and M* 
common. Doubtless in S and BB. 

A. spinulosum, Swz. 

Damp woods. B * and M, occurs. 

Var. intermedium, D. C. Eaton. 

Swamps, with the type. M*, 
woods, etc. 

Var. dilatatum, Hook. 

With the type. B * and M, occurs. 

A. Boottii, Tuck. 

Swamps with A. spinulosum, and A. cristatum. 
damp woods : — M *, rare ; Pine Hill swamp, etc. 
choicest ferns, never plentiful anywhere, and should be care- 
fully protected. 

A. cristatum, Swz. 

Swamps; not plentiful anywhere. B*, clamp woods, W. 
Quincy, etc. : — M*, Pine Hill swamp. 

Var. Clintonianum, D. C. Eaton. 

Low swamps with the type ; rare. M *, Medford. 
A. cristatum X rnarginale, Davenport. f 

Rocky and swampy woodlands ; should be looked for where- 
ever the parent species, cristatum and rnarginale, are found. 
M*, Pine Hill swamp ; two plants only were found, and the 
spot has since been probably destroyed. 
A. rnarginale, Swz. 

Rocky woods and swamps ; frequent. B *, frequent ; Hawk 
Hill, etc. : — M* and S, common in woods. 



B *, rare ; 
One of our 



t See Bot. Gaz. xis. 494. 



112 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



A. acrostichoides, Swz. 

Rocky woodlands. B*, frequent: — M*, common:— £, 
occasional. A form near, but not quite deeply enough cut for 
a tvpe of var. incisum, Gray, was collected in B. 

CYSTOPTERIS, Benin. Bladder Fern. 

C. fragilis, Benin. 

Moist rocks and shaded cliffs; occasional. M*, frequent ; 
crevices of moss-covered rocks, Virginia Wood ; rocky border 
of Spot Pond, etc. 

ONOCLEA, L.f 
O. sensibilis, L. Sensitive Fern. 

Common everywhere in low meadows and thickets. B * and 
M, reported as common in meadows and damp woods. Doubt- 
less common in 8 and BB. 

WOODSIA, R. Br. 
W. Ilvensis, R. Br. 

Occasional on exposed ledges. B*, rare :— M, frequent on 
rocks in upland woods. 

W. obtusa, Torr. 

Rocky woods, crevices, and pockets of ledges; raie. Jf*, 
occasional ; W. side of S. Reservoir ; side of Bear Hill, etc. 

DICKSONIA, L'Her. 

D. pilosiuscula, Willd. 

Common in shady woodlands and low grounds. B*, com- 
mon : — M* and S, frequent. 

OSMUNDA, L. Flowering Fern. 
O. regalis, L. Flowering Fern. 

Common in low woodlands. B* and M, common:— S, 
damp woods. 

t The noble Ostrich Fern, 0. Struthiopteris, Iloffm., formerly grew 
very near the present limits of the Pells, and should he introduced 
into all the Reservations. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



113 



O. Claytoniana, L. 

Low ground, with Onoclea sensibilis. B * and M, common • 
— S, woods near Turtle Pond. 
O. cinnamomea, L. Cinnamon Fern. 

Swamps and low ground; abnormal forms frequent. B* 
and M, common : — S, damp woods. 

OPHIOGLOSSACE^. Abber's tw ue FA MILr . t 

BOTRYCHIUM, Swz. Grape Fern. Moonwort. 
B. ianceolatum, Angstroem. 

Collected some years ago in the Fells, and should therefore 
be found now ; may be looked for with the following species in 
low spongy woodlands. 
B. matricariasfolium, Braun. 

Collected once in the Fells, but no specimen has been re- 
ceived. 

B. ternatum, Swz. 

Occasional in deep woods, on borders of swamps. B * rare • 
dense woods : - M, rare. As represented by the var. interme- 
dium, D. C. Eaton, doubtless in all or most of the Reserva- 
tions. The common forms by which the species are represented 
with us are the following varieties. 
Var. obliquum, Milde. 

Frequent in old pastures and on moist hillsides. B* occa- 
sional : — M*, meadow, S. of Pine Hill. 
Var. dissectum, Milde. 

Frequent in old pastures and on moist hillsides. B * rare • 
Barberry Bush Spring, etc. 

B. Virginianum, Swz. Rattlesnake Fern. 

Rich woods. B, rare ; Cedar Swamp :-M*, occasional in 
the E. part of the Reservation ; boggy woods, end of S. Reser- 
voir : — BB*, woods below lower dam. 

t Ophioglossum vulr/atum, L„ Adder's Tongue, should be found in 
some of the old pasture lands in the Reservations. 



114 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



LYCOPODIACE/E. Club Moss Family. 

LYCOPODIUM, L. Club Moss. 

L. lucidulum, Michx. 

Occasional in damp woods. B *, occurs. 
L. inundatum, L. 

Sandy bogs ; generally represented in this section by the var. 
Bigelovii, Tuck. 8, border of Turtle Pond. 
L. obscurum, L., var. dendroideum, D. C. Eaton. 

Dry woods. B*, occasional: — M, common. 
L. clavatum, L. Club Moss. 

Dry woods. B, reported as occasional : — M, collected in 
years past by G-. E. Davenport. 
L. complanatum, L. Ground Pine. 

Frequent in dry woods and thickets. -B*, occurs : — M*, 
slope of Bear Hill. 

SELAGINELLACE^E. 

An order comprising a small group of terrestrial plants re- 
sembling Lycopods, and a group of aquatic or semi-aquatic 
plants growing in mud or water. 

SELAGINELLA, Beauv. 

S, rupestris, Spring. 

Dry exposed rocks. B, top of Great Blue Hill ; by Monati- 
quot Stream : — M, Cascade ledges ; Bear Hill. 

S. apus, Spring. 

Low ground in shady places. M, collected by a brook on 
the E. side of Bear Hill about 1880, but not found since. 



ISOETES, L. Quillwort. 

I. echinospora, Durieu, var. Braunii, Engelm. 

Ponds and shallow water ; the type not represented in this 
country. M *, shore of Spot Pond. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



115 



B *, stagnant pool, 



I. Engelmanni, Braun. 

Ponds and shallow water; immersed. 
W. Quincy ; pool in Pine Tree Brook. 

Note. Two more species and as many varieties of Isoetes should 
be found within our limits. Marsilia quadrifolia, L., with four- 
parted leaves like an Oxalis should also be found in some of the 
ponds and streams as it has been distributed many times from the 
Cambridge Botanic Garden. It grew abundantly with Trapa natans, 
L. some years ago in a pond near Highland Ave., Medford. 



Class II. BRYOPHYTA.f 

Division I. MUSCI. MOSSES. 
(By Edward L. Rand.) 

The list of mosses here given is based mainly on the valuable 
collections of Messrs. Edwin and Charles E. Faxon. As these 
collections, however, were made mostly in the Blue Hills and 
Stony Brook Reservations, the moss flora of the other Reserva- 
tions is most imperfectly represented in the list, — in fact only 
two species have been reported from the Beaver Brook 
Reservation. 

The list of Sphagnaceae is arranged in accordance with the 
articles of Dr. Carl Warnstorf in Vol. XV of Coulter's Botan- 
ical Gazette. Synonyms, however, have been given when pos- 
sible to facilitate reference to Lesqtiereux and James' " Mosses 
of North America." The lists of Andreaaaceas and Bryacese 
are arranged in accordance with the Manual of Lesquereux and 
James just mentioned, in the absence of a standard work of 
ready reference of a more recent date. 

Ordek I. SPHAGNACE/E. Peat Mosses. 



SPHAGNUM, L. Peat Moss. 



S. stricturn, Liudb. 



S. Qirgensohiiii, Russ. 
B, rare. 

t The Hepaticoe have been omitted, owing to the illness of Miss 
Cora H. Clark who was to have prepared the list. 



116 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



S. tenellurn, von Klinggraef.f 

B and 8, rare. 
5. acutifolium, Euss. & Warnst. 8. acutifolium, Ehrh. in 
part. 

B and S, common. 

S. cuspidaturn, Ruas. & Warnst. 
B and S, common : — M, frequent. 

S. recurvum, Russ. & Warnst. S. intermedium, Hoffin. 
B and 8, frequent. 

S. subsecundum, Nees. 

B and 8, frequent. 

S. imhricatum, Russ. 8. Austini, Sulliv. 
B and 8, common : — M, frequent. 

S. cymbifolium, Ehrh. 
B and S, common. 

S. medium, Limpr. 
B and S, common. 

Order II. ANDRE/EACE/E. ScHizocARPOUs Mosses. 

ANDRE/EA, Ehrh. 
A. rupestris, Turner. 

On rocks. B and 8, rare. 

A. petrophila, Ehrh. 
On rocks. B, rare. 



Order III. BRYACEAl. True Mosses. 

WEISIA, Hedw. 

W. viridula, Brid. 

On ground. B and 8, common. 

fBot. Gaz. xv. 135. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



117 



DICRANELLA, Schimp. 
D. heteromalla, Schimp. 
On rocks, ground, base of trees, etc. B and S, common. 

DICRANUM, Hedw. 
D. montanum, Hedw. 

On decaying trees. B and S, common. 

D. flagellars, Hedw. 

On decaying trees. B and S, common. 

D. fulvum, Hook. 
On rocks. B and S, common. 

D. fuscescens, Turn. 

On rocks and decaying trees. B and S, common. 

D. scopariurn, Hedw. 

On ground, etc. B and S, common. 

D. Schraderi, Web. & Mohr. 
Moist ground. B and S, common. 

D. spurium, Hedw. 
Ledges. B and S, rare. 

D. undulatum, Turn. 

Moist ground. B and S, common. 

FJSSIDENS, Hedw. 
F. osmundoides, Hedw. 

Moist ground, etc. M, rare. 

F. taxifolius, Hedw. 

Shaded ground. M and S, occasional. 

F. adiantoides, Hedw. 
"Wet ground and rocks. M and S, occasional. 

CONOMITRIUM, Mont. 
C. Julianum, Mont. 

On stones and branches in moist ground. B B, rare. 



118 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



LEUCOBRYUM, Hampe. 

L. vulgare, Hampe. 
On ground. B, M and 8, common. 

CERATODON, Brid. 

C. purpureus, Brid. 

On rocks and ground. B and 8, common. 
POTTIA, Ehrh. 

P. truncata, Fuern. 

On ground. B and S, common. 

LEPTOTRICHUM, Hampe. 

L. tortile, Muell. 

On ground. S, occasional. 

L. vaginalis, Lesq. & James. 
On ground. B and 8, occasional. 

L. pallidum, Hampe. 

On ground in woods. B and 8, frequent. 

BARBULA, Hedw. 

B. unguiculata, Hedw. 
On ground and rocks. 8, occasional. 

B. csespitosa, Schwaegr. 

On roots of trees. B, occasional. 

B. papiliosa, Muell. 

On tree trunks. B, rare. 

QRIMJV11A, Ehrh. 

Q. conferta, Funck. 

On rocks. B and 8, common. 
Q. apocarpa, Hedw. 

On rocks. B and S, common. 

Q. Olneyi, Sulliv. 

On rocks. B and 8, rare. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



119 



Q. Pennsylvanica, Schwaegr. 
On rocks. B and 8, common. 

RACOMITRIUM, Brid. 
R. aciculare, Brid. 

On wet rocks. B and S, occasional. 
R. Sudeticum, Bruch & Schimp. 

On rocks. B, M and S, occasional. 

HEDWIQIA, Ehrh. 

H. ciliata, Ehrh. 

On rocks. B, M and 8, common. 

DRUMMONDIA, Hook. 
D. clavellata, Hook. 
On trees. B, rare. 

ULQTA, Mohr. 

U. Ludwigit, Brid. 

On trees. B and S, common. 
U. crispula, Brid. 

On trees. B and 8, rare. 

U. Hutchinsise, Schimp. 

On rocks. B, M and S, common. 

ORTHOTRICHUM, Hedw. 
O. cupulatum, Hoflm., var. minus, Sulliv. 

On rocks. S, rare. 
O. sordidum, Sulliv. & Lesq. 

On trees. B and S, common. 
O. strangulatum, Beauv. 

On trees. B and S, occasional. 

TETRAPHIS, Hedw. 
T. pellucida, Hedw. 

On decayed trees. B and 8, common. 



120 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



PHYSCOM1TRIUM, Brid. 
P. pyriforme, Brid. 

On ground. B and S, common. 

FUNARIA, Schreb. 
F. hygrometrica, Sibth. 

On ground, especially on burnt soil. B, If and S, common. 

BARTRAMIA, Hedw. 
B. pomiformis, Hedw. 

On rocks and shady banks. B, M and S, occasional. 

PHILONOTIS, Brid. 
P. fontana, Brid. 

Wet places and moist rocks. B, M and S, occasional. 

WEBERA, Hedw. 
W. nutans, Hedw. 

On ground. B and S, common. 

BRYUM, L. 
B. foimum, Schreb. 

On decayed trees, etc. B and S, common. 

B. argenteum, L. 

On ground, etc. B and S, common. 

B. csespiticium, L. 

On ground, etc. B and 8, common. 

B. capiSlare, L. 

On rich soil. B and S, common. 

B. pseudotriquetrum, Schwaegr. 

On wet ground and rocks. B and S, common. 

B. rosetim, Schreb. 

Shaded ground. B and S, rare. 



CATALOGUE OJ? PLANTS. 



121 



MNIUM, L. 
M. cuspidatum, Hedw. 

On ground, shaded places. B and S, common. 
M. affine, Bland. 

On ground, shaded places. B and 8, common. 
M. hornum, L. 

On ground and rocks in shaded places. B and S, common. 
M. punctatum, Hedw. 

Damp ground. B and S, occasional. 

AULACOMNIUM, Schwaegr. 
A. palustre, Schwaegr. 

Wet places. B and S, common. 
A. heterostichum, Bruch & Schimp. 

Shaded places. B and S, common. 

ATRICHUM, Beauv. 
A. undulatum, Beauv. 

Damp ground. B and 8, common. 

A. angustatism, Brucli & Schimp. 
On ground. B and S, common. 

POGONATUM, Beauv. 
P. brevicaule, Beauv. 

On clay soil. B and S, occasional. 

POLYTRICHUM, L. 

P. Ohioense, Ken. & Card.f P. formosum, Lesq. & J., 
Mosses N. A., 264, in part. 
On ground in woods. B and S, occasional. 

P. piliferum, Schreb. 

Dry ground. B and S, common. 

P. juniperinum, Willd. 

Dry ground. B and S, common. 

t See Bot. G-az. xiii. 199. 



122 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



P. commune, L. 

Dry or moist ground, woods and open places. B, M, S and 
B B, common. 

DIPHYSCIUM, Mohr. 
D. foliosum, Mohr. 

Shaded clayey or loamy banks. B and S, common. 

BUXBAUMIA, Hall. 
B. aphylia, L. 

On ground. B and S, occasional. 

FONTINALIS, Dill. 
F. antipyretica, L., var. gigantea, Sulliv. 
Streams. S, occasional. 

F. Novas=Angliae, Sulliv. 
Streams. S, common. 

F. Lescurii, Sulliv. 
Streams. S, common. 

DICHELYMA, Myrin. 

D. pallescens, Bruch & Schimp. 
Pools. S, common. 

LEUCODON, Schwaegr. 

L. julaceus, Sulliv. 

On trees. B and S, common. 



THELIA, Sulliv. 

T. hirtella, Sulliv. 

At base of trees. B and S, common. 

T. asprella, Sulliv. 

At base of trees. B and S, common. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



123 



LE5KEA, Hedw. 

L. obscura, Hedw. 

Roots and at base of trees. B and S, common. 

ANOMODON, Hook. & Tayl. 

A. rostratus, Schimp. 

On roots of trees. B and S, common. 

A. attenuates, Hueben. 

On rocks and roots of trees along streams. B, common. 

A. obtusifolius, Bruch & Schimp. 
On trunks of trees. S, rare. 

PYLAISIA, Bruch & Schimp. 
P. intricaia, Bruch & Schimp. 

On trees and old logs. B and S, common. 

P. velutina, Bruch & Schimp. 
On trees. S, common. 



CYLINDROTHECIUM, Bruch & Schimp. 



c 


seductrix, Sulliv. 








On logs, moist shaded places. B and S, common. 




CLIMACIUM, Web 


. & Mohr. 




c 


Americanum, Brid. 








Damp shaded places. B and S, 


common :- 


-M\ occasional. 




HYPNUM, Dill. 




H 


. recogniturn, Hedw. 








On ground, rocks, etc. B and S, 


common. 




H 


. delicatulum, L. 

On ground. B and S, common. 






H 


. paludosum, Sulliv. 
Wet ground. S, rare. 







124 



METROPOLITAN PAKK FLORA. 



H. laetum, Brid. 

Shaded places on roots, logs, etc. S, rare. 

H. salebrosum, HofErn. 

On ground, stones, etc. B and S, common. 

H. velutinum, L. 

On ground, shaded places. B and S, common. 

H. rutabulum, L. 

On ground, roots, and stones. B and S, common. 

H. Novse-Anglise, Sulliv. & Lesq. 
On ground. B and S, common. 

H. populeum, Hedw. 
Usually on rocks. B and S, common. 

H. plumosum, Swartz. 

On moist rocks. B and S, common. 

H. strigosum, Hoflm. 

On ground. B and S, common. 



H. 



Boscii, Schwaegr. 



On ground. S, rare. 

H. serrulatum, Hedw. 

On ground. B and S, common. 

H. rusciforme, Weis. 

On stones in water. S, rare. 

H. Alleghaniense, Muell. 

Shaded banks. M and S, occasional. 

H. denticulatum, L. 

On decaying trees. M, rare. 

H. radicale, Beauv. 

On decaying wood, roots, etc. S, common. 

H. orthocladon, Beauv. 

On the ground, stones, etc., in damp places. M, rare. 

H. adnatum, Hedw. 

On stones or base of trees. S, common. 



* 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



125 



H. ripariurn, L. 

On stones, roots, etc., in still water. B and S, common. 

H. fluitans, L. 

In still water. B and S, common. 

H. Crista-castrensis, L. 

Pine woods, on ground. 8, rare. 

H. reptile, Michx. 

On trees. 8, common. 

H. imponens, Hedw. 

On decaying trees, etc. B, common. 

H. cupressiforme, L. 

On trees, stones, etc. B and S, common. 

H. curvifolium, Hedw. 
On decaying logs. S, rare. 

H. Haldanianum, Grev. 

On damp ground and decaying trees. B and S, common. 

H. cordifolium, Hedw. 

Wet places. B and S, common. 

H. Schreberi, Willd. 

On ground in shaded places. B, M and 8, common. 

H. splendens, Hedw. 

On ground in woods. B, rare. 

H. triquetrum, L. 

On ground in woods. B, rare. 

Class III. THALLOPHYTA. 



Division I. CHARACEiE. 

(By J. W. Blankinship.) 

NITELLA, Ag. 
N. flexilis, Ag. 
BB, in the brook. 



126 



METROPOLITAN PAKK FLORA. 



N. mucronata, A. Br. 

B B, in the brook. 

C. fragilis, Desv. 
BB, upper pond. 



CHARA, L. 



Division II. ALG^E. t 
(By F. S. Collins.) 

MYXOPHYCE/E. 

CLATHRQCYSTIS, Henfrey. 

C. aeruginosa, Henfrey. 

M, forming a floating scum on Middle Reservoir. 

CCELOSPH^ERIUM, Naeg. 

C. Kuetzingianum, Naeg. 

M, scattered, or as a scum, on Spot Pond. 

GLGEOCAPSA, Naeg. 

O. Magma (Brel).), Kuetz. 

M, forming a dark purplish slimy coating on wet rocks 
throughout ; not uncommon, but usually in small quantity. 

Q. polydermatica, Kuetz. 

M, on dripping rocks, Cascade. Determination somewhat 
uncertain, as with many species of this genus. 

SCHIZOTHRIX, Kuetz. 
S. lacustris, A. Br., var. casspitosa, Gomont. 
M, on stones along the margin of Spot Pond. 

S. Muelleri, Naeg. 

If, forming a black coating on wet rocks ; easily stripped off 
in sheets of considerable size. 

j-The specimens on which this list is founded are in the herbarium 
of Mr. F. S. Collins. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



127 



PLECTONEMA, Thuret. 
P. tenue, Thuret. 
M, Spot Pond. 

SYMPLOCA, Kuetz. 
5. muralls, Kuetz. 

M, forming minute green plush-like patches on ground, near 
Black Rock. 

LYNQBYA, Ag. 
L. ochracea, Thuret. 

M, Cascade : — B B, on rocks in stream. Probably every- 
where common. 

PHORMIDIUM, Kuetz. 

P. Corium (Ag.), Gomont. 
M, on cliff. 

P. uncinatum, Gomont. 

M, running brook near Elm St., Medford. 

QSCILLATORIA, Vauch. 

O. amcena (Kuetz.), Gomont. 
B B, on rocks and trunks of trees. 

O. amphibia, Ag. 

BB, with the preceding species. 

O. tenuis, Ag. 

B B, with the preceding species. 

O. terebriformis, Ag. 

BB, with the preceding species. 

CALOTHRIX, Ag. 
C. fusca (Kuetz.), Born. & Flah. 
M, among various gelatinous algae on rocks at Cascade. 

C. parietina (Naeg.), Thuret. 

M, forming minute tufts on rocks near Bear's Den. 



128 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



HAPALOSIPHON, Naeg. 

H. pumilus (Kuetz.), Kirchner. 

M, on under side of Nuphar leaves, Spot Pond and Shiner 
Pool. 

5TIQ0NEMA, Ag. 

S. hormoides (Kuetz.), Born. & Flah. 
M, in gelatinous masses on rocks, Cascade. 

S. panniforme (Kuetz.), Born. & Flah. 
M, wet rock. 

S. mamillosum, Ag. 

M, Cascade ; on pebbles at margin of Spot Pond. 

HASSALLIA, Berk. 

H. byssoidea (Berk.), Hassall. 
M, among other algas, Cascade. 

TOLYPOTHRIX, Kuetz. 
T. tenuis, Kuetz. 

M, on mosses and various small plants, Spot Pond. 

NOSTOC, Vauch. 
N. sphaericum, Vauch. 

My minute blackish or greenish rounded masses on wet rocks, 
Cascade. 

ANAB/ENA, Bory. 
A. catenula (Kuetz.), Born. & Flah. 

My on dead leaves, etc., in swamp near Bear's Den path. 
A. oscillarioides, Bory. 

My with the preceding species. 

CONJUGATE. 

ZYGNEMA, Kuetz. 

Z. cruciafum (Vauch.), Ag. 
My in pond. 



* 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



129 



Z. insigne, Kuetz. 

M, Cascade ; near Spot Pond. 
Z. stellinum, Ag. 

M, swamp near Bear's Den path. 

SPIROGYRA, Link. 
S. bellis (Hass.), Cleve. 

B B, in pond. 
S. calospora, Cleve. 

M, rather common. 
S. catenasformis (Hass.), Kuetz. 

M, Spot Pond brook, Virginia Wood. 
S. crassa, Kuetz. 

B B, in pond and brook. 
S. Grevilleana (Hass.), Kuetz. 

M, swamps near Highland Ave., Medford. 
S. inflata (Vauch.), Rab. 

M, swamp near Bear's Den. 
S. insignis (Hass.), Kuetz., var. Hantzschii (Rab.), "Petit. 

M, brook, Virginia Wood : — BB, in pond. 
S. orthospira (Naeg.), Kuetz. 

M, brook, Virginia Wood. 
S. quadrata (Hass.), Petit. 

M, Melrose. 
S. Spreeiana, Rab. 

M, Virginia Wood ; Pine Hill. 
S. varians (Hass.), Kuetz. 

B B, in pond. 

ZYGOGONIUM, Kuetz. 
Z. ericetorum, De Bary. 
M, Pine Hill. 

MOUGEOTIA, Ag. 
M. mirabilis (A. Br.), Wittr. 



130 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



Jf, swamp near Bear's Den, fruiting plentifully in June, 
1893. 
M. nummuloides, Hass. 

M, swamp near Bear's Den. 
M. scalaris, Hass. 

M, swamp near Elm St., Medford. 
M. quadrangulata, Hass. 

M, swamp near Bear's Den. 

CHLOROPHYCE/E. 

VOLVOX, Ehren. 
V. globator, Ehren. 
M, Shiner Pool. 

TETRASPORA, Ag. 
T. Iubrica, Ag. 

M, very common in spring in running water. 

OPHIOCYTIUM, Naeg. 
O. parvulum (Perty), A. Br. 

M, sparsely distributed among various algae. 

PEDIASTRUM, Meyer. 

P. Boryanum (Turp.), Menegh. 

M, among various algse, Hemlock Pool. 

ULOTHRIX, Kuetz. 
U. zonata (Web. & Mohr), Kuetz. 

M, Spot Pond brook in spring. Other species of Ulothrix, 
also species of Conferva, are common in the Fells, but specific 
determinations are uncertain. 



CH/ETOPHORA, Schrank. 
C. Cornu-Dama? (Roth) , Ag. 
M, common. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



131 



C. pisiformis (Roth), Ag. 

M, common in brooks on sticks, mosses, etc. ; most abun- 
dant in spring. 

DRAPARNALDIA; Ag. 

D. glomerata (Vauch.), Ag. 

M, very common in running water in spring. 

STIGEOCLONIUM, Kuetz. 
S. tenue (Ag.), Kuetz. 
M, common in the same places as the preceding species. 

APHANOCH/ETE, A. Br. 

A. repens, A. Br. 

M, on filamentous algse, Pine Hill and Hemlock Pool : — BB, 
on algae in brook. 

TRENTEPOHLIA, Mart. 

T. umbrina (Kuetz.), Born. 
M, common on bark of trees. 

CEDQGONIUM, Link. 
CE. acrosporum, De Bary. 

M, swamp near Bear's Den. 
CE. Borisianum (Le CI.), Wittr. 

BB, in pond. 
CE. crassiusculum, Wittr. 

B B, with the preceding species. 
CE. fragile, Wittr. 

M, swamp near Bear's Den. 
CE. Landsboroughi (Hass.), Wittr. 

M, Hemlock Pool : — BB, in pond. 

BULBOCH^ETE, Ag. 

B. setigera (Roth), Ag. 
M, Hemlock Pool. 



132 METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 

COLEOCH^ETE, Breb. 
C. orbicularis, Prings. 

M, on under surface of Nuphar and JSfymphcea leaves, Spot 
Pond. 

VAUCHERIA, DC. 

V. geminata (Vauch.), DC.,var. racemosa, Walz. 

M, dense floating masses, swamp near Highland Ave., Med- 
ford. 
V. sessilis (Vauch.), DC. 

M, in moist places, but not under water, Cascade and Vir- 
ginia Wood. 

V. terrestris (Vauch.), Lyng. 
M, under water, edge of Spot Pond. 

FLORIDE^E. 

CHANTRANSIA, Fries. 

C. Hermann! (Roth), Desv. 

M, Spot Pond brook, Virginia Wood, in rapid current or at 
falls. 

BATRACHOSPERMUM, Roth.f 
B. Boryanum, Sirdt. 

M, common in brooks in spring. 
B. pyramidale, Sirdt. 

M, brook by Highland Ave., Medford. 
B. radians, Sirdt. 

M, Spot Pond brook, Virginia Wood. 
B. virgatum, Sirdt. 

M, Spot Pond brook, Virginia Wood, chiefly ■ in spring, like 
the other species of this genus. 

fB. Decaisneamim, Sirdt., has been found just outside the Fells 
Reservation limits in a spring in a hollow between Fulton and Elm 
Sts. It is the only recorded station in America. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



133 



LEMANEA, Bory. 
L. fucina, Bory, var. subtilis (Sirdt.), Atk. 

M, Cascade, growing on sloping or perpendicular rocks, in 
falling water or very swift current. 



Division III. LICHENES.f 
(By Clara E. Cummings.) 

THELOSCHISTES, Norm. 

T. lychneus, Nyl. 

On trees ; rare. BB*. 

PARMELIA, Ach. 

P. perlata (L.), Ach. 

On trees; rather common. M*. 
P. Borreri, Turn., var. rudecta, Tuck. 

On trees ; common. M* and BB*. 
P. saxatilis (L.), Fries, var. sulcata, Nyl. 

On rocks. M*. 
P. caperata (L.), Ach. 

On trees ; common. M* and BB*. 
P. conspersa (Ehrh.), Ach. 

On rocks ; common. B *, Great Blue Hill : — M* and BB*. 

PHYSCIA, DC. 

P. stellaris, L. 

On trees; common. M* and BB*. 
P. tribacia (Ach.), Tuck. 

On trees ; common. BB*. 
P. hispida (Schreb., Fries), Tuck. 

On trees ; rare. BB*, with fibrils poorly developed. 

t As but few localities are recorded, most of the letters indicating 
the Reservations where the species have been collected, follow the 
general habitat without comment. 



134 



METR0P0LITAX PARK FLORA. 



P. obscura (Ehrh.), Nyl. 

On trees; common. M* and BB*. 
Var. endochrysea, Nyl. 

On trees ; rare. BB*. 

UMBILICARIA, Hoffm. 
U. Dillenii, Tuck. 

On rocks ; common. M * and BB*. 
U. pustulata (L.), Hoffm., var. papulosa, Tuck. 

On rocks ; common. B*, M* and BB*. 

STICTA, Schreb. 
S. pulmonaria (L.), Ach. 

On trees ; common. B *, Great^Blue Hill : — M*. 

PELTIGERA, Willd. 
P. horizontalis (L.), Hoffm. 

On earth. M*. 
P. rufescens (Neck.), Hoffm. 

On earth. M*. 
P. canina (L.), Hoffm. 

On earth. M *. 

LECANORA, Ach. 

L. varia (Ehrh.), Nyl. 
On trees. BB*. 

RINODINA, Mass. 
R. oreina (Ach.), Mass. 
On rocks. BB*. 

PERTUSARIA, DC. 
P. tnultipuncta (Turn.), Nyl. 
On trees. BB*. 

STEREOCAULON, Schreb. 
S. paschale (L.), Fries. 

On rock. M *, rather a small form. 



CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



135 



CLADONIA, Hoffm. 

C. pyxidata (L.), Fries. 

On earth ; common. M*, Pine Hill : — BB *. 

C. fimbriata (L.), Fries, var. tub£Eformis, Fries. 
On earth. M*. 

C. gracilis (L.), Nyl. 
On earth. BB*. 

Var. verticillata, Fries. 
On earth. M*. 

C. furcata (Huds.), Fries. 
On earth. BB*. 

Var. crispata, Floerke. 
On earth. M*. 

Var. racemosa, Floerke. 

On earth ; common. M*. 

C. rangiferina (L.), Hoffm. 
On earth; rare. BB*. 



M* andBB*. 



Var. sylvatica, L. 
On earth ; common. 

C. uncialis (L.), Fries. 
On earth. BB*. 

C. cornucopioides (L.), Fries. 
On earth; rare. M*. 

C. macilenta (Ehrh.), Hoffm. 
On dead wood ; rare. M*. 

C. cristatella, Tuck. 

On earth and dead wood ; common. M* and BB*. 

BUELLIA, De Not. 
B. petraea (Flot., Koerb.), Tuck. var. ? 
M *, on rock. 



136 METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 

ENDOCARPON, Hedw. 
E. hepaticum, Ach., var. complicatum, Schser. 
On rock. M*. 



Division IV. FUNGI. 
(By A. B. Seymour and Flora W. Patterson.) 

USTILAGINE^E. 

Urocystis Hypoxis, Thaxter. 

Rare. S, on Hypoxis erecta, L. ; the finding of this species 
is of considerable interest as it has been reported but once 
before, when it was collected by Dr. Roland Thaxter in Con- 
necticut. 

PHYCOMYCETES. 

Synchytrium Myosotidis, var. Potemtillae, Fail. 

Frequent. M, on Potentilla Canadensis, L. 
Peronospora Corydalis, DBy. 

Probably frequent. B, on Corydalis glauca, Pursh., near 
Great Blue Hill. 

P. Ficariaa, Tul. 

Common. BB, on Ranunculus bulbosus, L. 
P. Linariaj, Fckl. 

Frequent, but obscure. S, on Linaria Canadensis, Spreng. 

PYRENOMYCETES. 

Plowrightia morbosa (Schw.), Sacc. 
Common. BB, on Prunus Virginiana, L. 

Fungi Imperfbcti. 
Gloeosporium Canadense, Ell. & Ev. 

Common and very destructive. B and M, on Qicercus 
alba, L. 



CATALOGUE OP PLANTS. 



137 



Phyllosticta phomiformis, Sacc. 
Frequent. B, on Quercus alba, L. 

DISCOMYCETES. 

Geoglossum Peckianum, Cooke. 
Common. M, near Shiner Pool. 

Leotia chlorocephala, Schw. 
Common. M, near Shiner Pool. 

Peziza hirta, Schum. 
Common. M, on ground. 

Rhytisma Solidaginis, Schw. 
Frequent. B, on Aster corymbosus, Ait., Great Dome. 

EXOASCE^E, 

Exoascus, sp. ? 

Very rare. B, on Alnus incana, Willd. ; this is the first 
Exoascus found in America upon Alnus leaves, and the deter- 
mination of the species is reserved for further collections and 
more critical study. 

Taphrina Alni-incanse (Kiihn), Magnus. 

Common. iTf and BB, on Alnus incana, Willd. 

T. casrulescens (Mont. & Desm.), Tul. 

Common. M, on Quercus coccinea, Wang., var. tinctoria, 
Gray. 

T. flava, Farl. 

Rare. S, on Betula populifolia, Ait. 

Magnusiella Potentillas (Farl.), Sadebeck. 
Common. BB, on Potentilla Canadensis, L. 

UREDINE^E. 

Caeoma nitens, Schw. 

Abundant. jB, on Rubus villosus, Ait. 



138 



METROPOLITAN PARK FLORA. 



Chrysomyxa pyrolata, Wint. 

Scarce. B, on Pyrola rotundifolia, L., near Babel Rock. 

Puccinia Anemones, P. 

Frequent. M, on Anemone nemorosa, L. 

P. graminis, Per3. 
Everywhere. B, on Agrostis alba, L., var. vulgaris, Thurb. 

Qymnosporangium clavipes, C. & P. 

Frequent. M, on Juniperus Virginiana, L. 

Roestelia Bctryapites, B. 

Often abundant, but restricted. B, on Amelanchier Cana- 
densis, Torr. & Gray, var. oblongifolia, Torr. & Gray, top of 
Hancock Hill. 

R. globosa, Thaxter. 

Frequent. S, on Crataegus coccinea, L. 



BA5IDI0MYCETES. 

Cantharellus cibarius, Fr. 

Common, edible. M, on ground. 

Craterellus cornucopioides (L.), Pers. 
On ground, frequent. M. 

Exobasidium Vaccinii (Fckl.), Wor. 

Common. S, on Vaccinium vacillans, Soland. 

Hydnum suaveolens, Scop. 
Common. M, on wood. 

Polyporus versicolor (L.), Fr. 
Common. M, on wood. 

Schizophyllum commune, Fr. 

Common. M, on wood. 






INDEX. 



GENERA AND COMMON NAMES. 



Acalypha 

Acer 

Achillea 

Acorus 

Aetata 

Adam's Needle 

Adder's Mouth 

Adiantum 

yEsculus 

Agrimonia 

Agrimony 
'Agropyrtun 

Agrostis 

AilnnthuS 

Alder 

Black 
White 
Alisma 
Allium 

Allspice, Wild 
Alnus 
Alopecurus 
Alsike Clover 
Alyssum 
Amaranth 
Amarantus 
Ambrosia 
Amelanchier 
Ampelopsis 
Amphicarpeea 
Anabama 
Anaphalis 
Andrea; a 
Andromeda 
Andropogon 
Anemone 

Star 
An e mo n el la 
An o mo don 
Antennaria 
Anthemis 
Anthoxanthum 
Anvchia 
Aphanochrete 
Aphyllou 
Apio's 
Apocynum 



68 


Apple 




17 


Wild Balsam 


32 


45 


Aquilegia 


5 


So 


Arabis 


S 


6 


Aralia 


34 


81 


Arbutus, Trailing 


52 


77 


Arctium 


47 


109 


Arctostaphylos 


52 


17 


Arenaria 


12 


26 


Arethusa 


78 


26 


Arisajma 


85 


105 


Aristida 


99 


101 


Arrowhead 


86 


15 


Arrow Wood 


35 


72 


Artemisia 


46 


15 


Arum, Arrow 


85 


53 


Water 


85 


86 


Asclepias 


66 


80 


Ash 


55 


68 


European Mountain 27 


72 


Prickly 


15 


101 


Asparagus 


81 


19 


Aspen 


76 


8 


Aspidium 


110 


05 


Asplenium 


109 


65 


Asprella 


105 


44 


Aster 


41 


28 


White-topped 


41 


17 


Atrichum 


121 


22 


Auiacomnium 


121 


128 


Avena 


102 


44 


Avens 


25 


116 


Azalea 


53 


52 






99 


Bachelor's Button 


47 


3 


Balm of Gilead 


r i - 


54 


Balsam 


15 


4 


Balsam Apple, Wild 


32 


123 


Baneberry 


6 


43 


Baptisia 


19 


45 


Barbarea 


8 


99 


Barberry 


6 


65 


Barbula 


118 


131 


Barton ia 


57 


61 


Bartramia 


120 


22 


Basil 


63 


56 


Basswood 


14 



B atrachospermum 

Bayberry 

Bearberry 

Bedstraw 

Beech 

Blue 
Beechdrops 
Beggar-ticks, Common 

Swamp 
Bellflower 
Bellwort 

Common 
Benjamin Bush 
Berberis 
Betula 
Bidens 
Bindweed 

Biack 
Birch 
Bitter-Nut 
Bittersweet 

Climbing 

Shrubby 
Blackberry 
Black-eyed Susan 
Black Gum 
Bladderwort 
Blood-root 
Blue Beech 
Blueberry 
Blue Curls 
Blue Flag 
Blue )oint 
Bluets 
Blue Weed 
Bcehmeria 
Boneset, Upland 
Jiotrychium 
Bouncing Bet 
Brachyeiytrum 
Brake 
Brasenia 
Brassica 
Brier, Sweet 
Bromus 

Broom-rape, Naked 
Brunella 



132 

71 
52 

37 



61 
45 
45 
50 
82 
82 
68 
6 
71 
45 
58 
67 
71 
71 
59 
16 
10 
24 
44 



73 
51 
62 
79 

102 
36 
58 
69 
39 

113 
11 

100 

109 

6 

8 

26 

104 
61 
64 



140 



INDEX. 



Bryum 


120 


Buckbean 


57 


Buckeye 


17 


Btickthorn 


16 


Buckwheat 


68 


Climbing False 


67 


Buda 


12 


Buellia 


13.5 


Bugleweed 


63 


Bugloss, Viper's 


5S 


Bulbochaite 


131 


Bulrush 


89 


Bunchberry 


34 


Burdock 


47 


Bur Marigold 


45 


Bur-reed 


85 


Butter-and-Eggs 


59 


Buttercup 


4 


Butternut 


70 


Butterweed 


43 


Button Bush 


37 


Buttonwood 


70 


Buxbaumia 


122 


Cseoma 


137 


Calamagrostis 


102 


Calla 


85 


Callitriche 


SO 


Calopogon 


78 


Calothrix 


127 


Caltha 


5 


Campanula 


50 


Campion 


11 


Cancer-root 


61 


Cantharellus 


138 


Capsella 


9 


Caraway 


33 


Cardamine 


7 


Cardinal Flower 


50 


Carex 


90 


Carpet Weed 


32 


Carp in us 


73 


Carrion Flower 


80 


Carrot 


32 


Carum 


33 


Carya 


70 


Cassandra 


52 


Castanea 


74 


Catalpa 


62 


Cat-brier 


80 


Catchfly 


11 


Catnip 


63 


Cat-tail, Common 


84 


Ceanothus 


16 


Cedar, Red 


107 


"White 


106 


Celandine 


7 


Celastrus 


16 


Centaurea 


47 


Cephalanthus 


37 


Cerastium 


12 


Ceratodon 


118 


Ch;etophora 


130 


ChamaiCyparis 


106 


Chamomile 


45 


Chantransia 


132 


Chara 


126 


Charlock 


S 


Jointed 


9 


Cheat 


104 



Checkerberry 


52 


Cucumber Root, Indian 82 


Cheeses 


18 


Cudweed 


44 


Chelidonium 


7 


Currant 


29 


Chelone 


59 


Cuscuta 


58 


Chenopodium 


65 


Cylindrothecium 


123 


Cherry 


23 


Cynoglossum 


57 


Chess 


104 


Cyperus 


88 


Chestnut 


74 


Cypress 


68, 106 


duckweed 


12 


Cypripedium 


79 


Forked 


65 


Cystopteris 


112 


Indian 


32 






Mouse-ear 


12 


Dactylis 


103 


Chicory 


48 


Daisy 


46 


Chimaphila 
Chokeberry 


53 


Ox-eye 


48 


27 


Dandelion 


49 


Chrysanthemum 


46 


Dwarf 


47 


Chrysomyxa 


138 


Fall 


48 


Chrysopogon 


99 


Dangleberry 


51 


Chrysosplenium 


28 


Danthonia 


102 


Cicely, Sweet 


33 


Daucus 


32 


Cichorium 


48 


Day Lily 


80 


Cicuta 


33 


Decodon 


31 


Cinna 


101 


Delphinium 


5 


Cinquefoil 


2.5 


Deschampsia 


102 


Circaca 


32 


Desmodium 


20 


Cladonia 


135 


Deutzia 


28 


Clathrocystis 


126 


Dewberry 


25 


Clearweed 


69 


Dianthus 


11 


Cleavers 


37 


Dichelyma 


122 


Clematis 


3 


Dicksonia 


112 


Clethra 


53 


Dicranella 


117 


Climacium 


123 


Dicranum 


117 


Clover 


19 


Diervilla 


36 


Bush 


21 


Diphyscium 


122 


Sweet 


20 


Dock 


66 


Club Moss 


114 


Dockmackie 


35 


Cnicus 


47 


Dodder 


5S 


Cockle 


11 


Dogbane 


56 


Cocklebur 


44 


Dogwood 


18,34 


Ccelosphxrium 


126 


Doorweed 


66 


Colcochaete 


132 


Draparnaldia 


131 


Columbine 


5 


Dropwort 


24 


Comandra 


68 


Drosera 


30 


Cone Flower 


44 


Drummondia 


119 


Conomitrium 


117 


Duckweed 


SO 


Conopholis 


61 


Dulichium 


SS 


Convallaria 


81 






Convolvulus 


58 


Eatonia 


102 


Coptis 


5 


Echinocystis 


32 


Corallorhiza 


77 


Echium 


58 


Coral-root 


77 


Eglantine 


26 


Corn Cockle 


11 


Elatine 


13 


Cornel 


34 


Elder 


35 


Cornflower 


47 


Eleocharis 


88 


Cornus 


34 


Elm 


69 


Corydalis 


7 


Elodes 


13 


Corylus 


72 


Elymus 


105 


Cow-lily 


6 


Endocarpon 


136 


Cow Wheat 


61 


Epigrea 
Epilobium 


52 


Cranberry 


51 


31 


Cranesbill 


14 


Epiphegus 


61 


Crataegus 


27 


Equisetum 


108 


Craterellus 


138 


Eragrostis 


103 


Cress, Bitter 


7 


Erechtites 


46 


Marsh 


8 


Erigeron 


43 


Rock 


8 


Erioeaulon 


87 


Spring 


7 


Eriophorum 
Erythronium 


89 


Water 


8 


82 


Winter 


8 


Eupatorium 


38 


Crowfoot 


4 


Euphorbia 


68 



INDEX. 



141 



Everlasting 


43, 44 


Grass, Barnyard 


97 


Hellebore, False 


83 


Exoascus 


137 


Beard 


99 


Hemerocallis 


80 


Exobasidium 


138 


Bent 


101 


Hemlock 


106 






Black Oat 


99 


Water 


33 


Fagopyrum 
Fagus 


68 
75 


Blue-eyed 
Bottle Brush 


79 
105 


Hemp Weed, Climbing 
Hepatica 


38 
3 


Featherfoil 


54 


Bristly Foxtail 


98 


Herb Robert 


14 


Fern, Beech 


110 


Brome 


104 


Hickory 

Hieracium 


70 


Bladder 


112 


Brown Bent 


101 


48 


Chain 


109 


Cat's Tail 


100 


Hierochloe 


99 


Cinnamon 


113 


Cotton 


89 


Hoary Pea 
Hog Peanut 


20 


Flowering' 


112 


Crab 


96 


22 


Grape 


113 


Drop-seed 


100, 101 


Holcus 


102 


Lady 


110 


Feather 


99 


Holly 

Mountain 


15 


Rattlesnake 


113 


Fescue 


104 


16 


Sensitive 


112 


Fowl Meadow 


103 


Honeysuckle 
Bush 


36 


Shield 


110 


Foxtail 


98, 101 


36 
53 


Sweet 


71 


Green Foxtail 


98 


White Swamp 
Horehound, Water 


Wood 


111 


Haii- 


101 


63 


Festnca 


104 


Herd's 


100 


Hornbeam 


73 


Fever Bush 


68 


June 


103 


Hop 
Horse-brier 


73 
80 


Feverfew 


46 


Kentucky Blue 


103 


Feverwort 


36 


Lyme 


105 


Horsc-Chestnut 


17 


Fimbristylis 
Fireweed 


80 


Manna 


103 


Horse Gentian 


36 


31, 46 


Meadow 


103 


Horsetail 


108 
43 
54 


Fissidens 


117 


Meadow Soft 


102 


Horseweed 


Five-finger 


25 


Orchard 


103 


Hottonia 


Flag, Blue 


79 


Panic 


96 


Hound's Tongue 
Houstonia 




Cat-tail 


84 


Poverty 


99 


36 


Sweet 


85 


Rattlesnake 


103 


Huckleberry 
Hydnum 


51 


Flax 


14 


Reed Bent 


102 


138 
28 
33 


Toad 


89 


Rice Cut 


98 


Hydrangea 
Hydrocotyle 


Fleabane 


43 


Spear 


103 


Dais} r 


43 


Star 


SO 


Hypericum 


13 


Floating Heart 


57 


Sweet 


99 


Hypnum 


123 

80 
60 


Flower-de-Luce 


79 


Sweet Vernal 


99 


Hypoxis 


Fontinalis 


122 


Thin 


101 


Hyssop, Hedge 


Forget-me-not 


57 


Triple-awned 


99 




Foxglove, False 


60 


Velvet 


102 


Hex 

Ilysanthes 

Impatiens 

Indian Bean 

Indian Cucumber Root 

Indian Hemp 

Indian Pipe 

Indian Tobacco 

Indian Turnip 

Indigo, False 

Wild 
Inkberry 
Innocence 
Ipomcea 
Iris 

Iron Wood 
Isoetes 




Fragaria 
Fraxinus 


25 
55 


White 
Wild Oat 


98 
102 


15 
60 


Frost-weed 


9 


Wire 


103 


15 


Funaria 
Funkia 


120 

81 


Witch 
Wood Reed 


105 
101 


62 
82 


Galeopsis 
Gale, Sweet 


64 
71 


Yellow-eyed 
Zebra 
Gratiola 


83 
98 

60 


56 

54 
50 


Galingale 
Galium 


88 
37 


Graveyard Flower 
Greenbrier 


68 

80 


85 
19 


Garget 
Garlic 


60 
80 


Grimmia 
Ground Nut 


118 
22 


19 
16 


Gaultheria 


52 


Ground Pine 


114 


36 


Gaylussacia 


51 


Groundsel 


46 


58 


Gentian, Horse 

Geoglossum 

Geranium 


86 

137 
14 


Gymiiospovangium 
Habenaria 


138 

78 


79 

73 

114 


Gerardia 


60 


Hamamelis 


30 


Ivy, Ground 
Poison 


63 


Geum 


25 


Hapalosiphon 


128 


IS 


Gill-over-the-ground 


63 


Hardback 


23 






Glceocapsa 


126 


Hassallia 


128 


Tack-in-the-Pulpit 
Jewel Weed 


85 


Glceosporium 


136 


Hawkbit 


48 


15 


Glyceria 


103 


Hawk-weed 


48 


Joe-Pye "Weed 

Juglans 

Juncus 

June Berry 

Juniper 

Jumperus 


38 


Gnaphalium 


44 


Hawthorn 


27 


70 
83 

28 


Goat's Rue 


20 


Hazel-Nut 


72 


Golden Rod 


39 


Hazel, Witch 


30 


Goldthread 


5 


Hedeoma 


63 


107 


Goodyera 


78 


Hedge Hyssop 


60 


107 


Gooseberry 


29 


Hedwigia 


119 




Goosefoot, Maple-leaved 65 


Helianthemum 


9 


Kalmia 


53 


Grape 


17 


Helianthus 


44 


Kiimikinnik 


35 



142 



INDEX. 



Knapweed 


47 


Knawel 


05 


Knotweed 


(i(i 


Krigia 


47 


Lactuca 


49 


Ladies' Tresses 


78 


Lady's .Slipper 


79 


Lady's Thumb 


67 


Lambkill 


53 


Larkspur 


5 


Laurel, American 


53 


Mountain 


53 


Sheep 


53 


Leather Leaf 


52 


Lecanora 


134 


Lechea 


10 


Leersia 


98 


Lemanea 


133 


Lemna 


86 


Leontodon 


48 


Leonurus 


04 


Leotia 


137 


Lepidium 


9 


Leptotrichum 


118 


Leskea 


123 


Lespedeza 


21 


Lettuce 


49 


White 


48 


Leucobryum 


118 


Leucodon 


122 


Leucothoe 


52 


Lever Wood 


73 


Life-of-Man 


34 


Ligustrum 


56 


Lilac 


56 


Lilium 


82 


Lily 


82 


Day 


80 


Lily of the Valley 


81 


Limnanthemum 


57 


Linaria 


59 


Linden 


14 


Lindera 


68 


Linum 


14 


Liparis 


77 


Liquorice, Wild 


37 


Live.for-ever 


29 


Liver-leaf 


3 


Lobelia 


50 


Locust, Common 


20 


Locust-tree 


20 


Loiucera 


30 


Loosestrife 


31, 55 


False 


31 


Swamp 


31 


Lousewort 


61 


Love Apple 


58 


Ludwigia 


31 


Luzula 


84 


Lychnis 


11 


Lycopersicum 


58 


Lycopodium 


114 


Lycopus 


63 


Lyngbya 


127 


Lysimachia 


55 


Lythrum 


31 


Magnusiella 


137 


Maianthemum 


81 



Maidenhair 109 i 

False 109 

Mallow 18 

Malva 13 

Maple 17 

Marigold Bur 45 

Marsh 5 

Water 45 

Marsh Marigold 5 

Mayflower 52 

Mayweed 45 

Meadow Beauty 31 

Meadow Rue 4 

Meadow Sweet 23 

Medcola 82 

Medicago 20 

Medick 20 

Melampyrum 61 

Melilot 20 

Melilotus 20 

Mentha 02 

Menyanthes 57 
Mercury, Three-seeded 68 

Mermaid Weed 30 

Mexican Tea 05 

Microstylis 77 

Mignonette 9 

Mikania 38 

Milfoil, Water 30 

Milkweed 56 

Milkwort 18 

Millet, True 97 

Mimulus 59 

Mint 62 

Mountain 63 

Miscanthus 98 

Mitchella 37 

Mnium 121 

Mocker-Nut 70 

Mock Orange 29 

Molhigo ' 32 

Moneses 54 

Moneywort 55 

Monkey Flower 59 

Monotropa 54 

Moonwort 113 

Morning Glory 58 

■Wild 58 

Morus 69 

Motherwort 64 

Mougeotia 129 

Mugwort 46 

Muhlenbergia 100 

Mulberry 69 

Mullein 59 

Mustard, Black 9 

Hedge _S 

Myosotis 57 

Myrica 71 

Myriophyllum 30 

Naiad 87 

Naias 87 

Nasturtium S 

Numopanthes 16 

Nepeta 63 

Nettle 69 

False 69 

Hedge 64 

Hemp 64 



New jersey Tea 
Nightshade 


16 


59 


Enchanter's 


32 


Nitella 


125 


Nostoc 


128 


Nuphar 


6 


Nymphaia 


6 


Nyssa 


35 


Oak 


73 


Poison 


18 


Oakesia 


82 


Oat 


102 


CLdogonium 


131 


CEnothera 


32 


Onion 


SO 


Onoclea 


112 


Ophiocytium 


130 


Orange-grass 
Orchis, Ragged-fringec 
White-f ringed 


13 


79 


79 


Ornithogalum 


80 


Orpine 


29 


Orthotrichum 


119 


Oryzopsis 


100 


Oscillatoria 


127 


Osmorrhiza 


33 


Osmunda 


112 


Ostrya 
Oxalis 


73 


15 


Ox-eye Daisy 


46 


Paionia 


6 


Pan i cum 


96 


Parmclia 


133 


Parsnip 


32 


Water 


33 


Partridge Berry 


37 


Paspalum 


96 


Pastinaca 


32 


Peach 


23 


Pea, Hoary 


20 


Peanut, Hog 


22 


Pear 


27 


Peat Moss 


115 


Pediastrum 


130 


Pedicularis 


61 


Peltandra 


85 


Peltigera 


134 


Pennyroyal, Bastard 
Mock 


62 

63 


Pennywort, Water 


33 


Penthorum 


29 


Peony 


6 


Pepperbush, Sweet 


53 


Peppergrass 


9 


Pepperidge 


35 


Pepper, Water 


67 


Peronospora 


136 


Pertusaria 


134 


Petunia 


59 


Peziza 


137 


Phegopteris 


110 


Philadelphia 


29 


Philonotis 


120 


Phleuin 


100 


Phormidium 


127 


Phyllosticta 


137 


Physcia 


133 


Physcomitrium 


120 



Phytolacca 


66 


Picea 


106 


Pickerel-weed 


83 


Pigeon Berry 


66 


Pig-Nut 


70 


Pigweed 


85 


Amaranth 


65 


Pilea 


69 


Pimpernel, False 


60 


Pine 


105 


Pinesap 


54 


Pine- weed 


13 


Pink 


11 


Wild 


11 


Pinus 


105 


Pinweed 


10 


Pipewort 


S7 


Pipsissewa 


53 


Pitcher-plant 


7 


Plantago 
Plantain 


64 


64 


Rattlesnake 


78 


Robin's 


43 


Water 


86 


Plantanus 


70 


Plectonema 


127 


Plowrightia 


136 


Plum 


23 


Poa 


103 


Pogonatum 


121 


Pogonia 


78 


Poison Ivy 


18 


Poke, Common 


66 


Indian 


83 


Pokewced 


66 


Polygala 


IS 


Polygonatum 


81 


Polygonum 


66 


Polypodium 


109 


Polypody 


109 


Polyporus 


138 


Polytrichum 


121 


Pond-lily, Yellow 


6 


Pondweed 


87 


Pontederia 


83 


Poplar 


76 


Popuhis 


76 


Portulaca 


12 


Potamogeton 
Potentilla 


87 


25 


Pottia 


118 


Rrenanthes 


48 


Prickly Ash 


15 


Primrose, Evening 


32 


Prince's Pine 


53 


Privet 


56 


Proserpinaca 


30 


Prunus 


23 


Pteris 


109 


Puccinia 


138 


Purslane 


12 


Water 


31 


Pusley 


12 


Pycnanthemum 


63 


Pylaisia 


123 


Pyrola 


54 


One-flowered 


54 


Pyrus 


27 


Quaker Ladies 


36 



Quercus 


73 


Sedge 


140 

90 


Quillwort 


114 


Sedum 


29 


Quince 


27 


Selaginella 
Self-heal 


114 






64 


Racomitrium 


119 


Senecio 


46 


Radish 


9 


Sericocarpus 


41 


Ragweed 


44 


Service Berry 
Setaria 


28 


Ragwort, Golden 


46 


98 


Ranunculus 


4 


Shadbush 


28 


Raphanus 


9 


Sheep's Fescue 


104 


Raspberry 


24 


Shepherd's Purse 


9 


Rattlesnake-root 


48 


Shinleaf 


54 

8 
7 


Rattlesnake-weed 


48 


Sickle-pod 


Red Top 


101 


Side-saddle Flower 


False 


103 


Silene 


11 


Reseda 


9 


Sisymbrium 


8 


Rhamnus 


16 


Sisyrinchium 


79 


Rhexia 


31 


Sium 


33 

64 


Rhododendron 


53 


Skullcap 


Rhodora 


53 


Skunk Cabbage 


85 


Rhus 


18 


Smartweed, Common 


67 


Rhynchospora 


90 


Smilaclna 


81 


Rhytisma 


137 


Smilax 


SO 


Ribes 


29 


Snake-head 


59 


Ribgrass 


64 


Snakeroot, Black 


34 


Rice, Mountain 


100 


White 


39 
45 


Richweed 


69 


Sneezewort 


Rinodma 


134 


Soapwort 


11 


Robinia 


20 


Solarium 


59 
39 
81 


Rocket, Yellow 


8 


Solidago 


Rock-Rose 


9 


Solomon's Seal 


Rcestelia 


138 


Dwarf 


81 
81 
49 
66 
66 


Roman Wormwood 


44 


False 


Rosa 


26 


Sonchus 


Rose 


26 


Sorrel 


Rose Bay 


53 


Field 


Rubus 


24 


Wood 


15 
35 


Rudbeckia 


44 


Sour-gum Tree 


Rue-Anemone 
Rue, Goat's 


4 

20 


Spanish Bayonet 
Sparganium 


81 
85 


Meadow 


4 


Spatter Dock 


6 


Rumex 


60 


Specularia 


50 


Rush 


83 


Speedwell 


60 


Beak 


90 


Sphagnum 


115 


Club 


89 


Spice Bush 


68 


Scouring 


108 


Spikenard 


34 


Spike 


88 


False 


81 


Wood 


84 


Spirrca 


23 


Rye, Wild 


105 


Spiranthes 


7S 






Spirodela 


86 


Sagittaria 


86 


Spirogyra 


129 


Salix 


75 


Spleenwort 


109 


Sambucus 


35 


Sporobolus 


101 


Sand-Spurrey 


12 


Spruce 


106 


Sandwort 


12 


Spurge 


6S 


Sanguinaria 


7 


Squaw-root 


61 


Sanicula 


34 


Stachys 


64 


Saponaria 


11 


Staff-tree 


16 


Sarracenia 


7 


Star-flower 


54 


Sarsaparilla, Wild 


34 


Star-of -Bethlehem 


80 


Sassafras 


68 


Starwort 


12 


Savin 


107 


Water 


30 


Saxifraga 


28 


Steeple Bush 


23 


Saxifrage 


28 


Steironema 


54 


Golden 


28 


Stellaria 


12 


Schizophyllum 


138 


Stereocaulon 


134 


Schizothrix 


126 


Sticta 


134 


Scirpus 


89 


Stigeoclonium 


131 


Scleran thus 


65 


Stigonema 


12S 


Scutellaria 


64 


Stipa 


99 



144 




INDEX. 








St. John's-wort 


13 


Toad Flax 


59 


Virgin's Bower 


S 


Marsh 


13 


Bastard 


68 


Vitis 


17 


Stonecrop 


29 


Tolypothrix 


128 


Volvox 


130 


Ditch 


29 


Tomato 


58 






Strawberry 


25 


Touch-me-not, Spotted 


15 


Wake Robin 


82 


Succory 


48 


Tree of Heaven 


15 


Walnut 


70 


Sugar Plum 


28 


Trefoil 


19 


Water-Crowfoot 


4 


Sumach 


18 


Tick 


20 


"Water Hemlock 


33 


Chinese 


15 


Trentepohlia 


131 


Water -lily 


6 


Sundew 


30 


Trichostema 


62 


Water Marigold 
Water Milfoil 


45 


Sunflower 


44 


Trientalis 


54 


30 


Swamp Honeysuckle, 




Trifolium 


19 


Water Shield 


6 


White 


53 


Trillium 


82 


Water Violet 


54 


Sweet Brier 


26 


Triosteum 


36 


Waterwort 


13 


Sweet Cicely 


83 


Triticum 


105 


Wax-work 


16 


Sweet Fern 


71 


Tsuga 


106 


Webera 


120 


Sweet Flag 


85 


Tupelo 


35 


Weisia 


116 


Sweet Gale 


71 


Turnip 


9 


Wheat 


105 


Sycamore 
Symploca 


70 


Turtle-head 


59 


Cow 


61 


127 


Twayblade 


77 


False 


105 


Symplocarpus 


85 


Typha 


84 


White-weed 


46 


Synchytrium 

Syringa 2 


136 






Wild Bean 


22 


a, 56 


Ulmus 


69 


Wild Oats 


82 




Ulota 


119 


Willow 


75 


Tanacetum 
Tansy 

Taphrina 
Taraxacum 


46 

46 

137 

49 


Ulothrix 
Umbilicaria 


130 
134 


Willow Herb 
Wind-flower 


31 
3 


Urocystis 
Urtica 


136 
69 


Winterbcrry, Smooth 
Wintergreen 


16 
53 


Tare 

Tear-thumb 

Tephrosia 

Tetraphis 

Tetraspora 

Thalictrum 

Thelia 

Theloschistes 

Thimbleberry 


22 
67 
20 
119 
130 
4 
122 
133 
24 


Utricularia 


61 


Aromatic 


52 


Uvularia 

Vaccinium 

Vaucheria 

Venus's Looking-glass 

Veratrum 

Verbascum 

Verbena 


82 

51 
132 
50 
83 
59 
62 


Creeping 
Witch Hazel 
Withe-rod 
Wood Betony 
W T oodbine 
Woodsia 
Woodwardia 
Wormwood 

Roman 


52 
30 
36 
61 
17 
112 
109 
46 
44 


Thistle 


47 


Veronica. 


60 


Sow 


49 


Vervain 


62 


Xanthium 


44 


Star 
Thorn 


47 
27 


Vetch 
Viburnum 


22 
35 


Xanthoxylum 
Xyris 


15 

83 


Thoroughwort 


38 


Vicia 


22 




Three-seeded Mercury 


68 


Viola 


10 


Yarrow 


45 


Thyme 


63 


Violet 


10 


Yellow Rocket 


8 


Thymus 


63 


Dog-tooth 


82 


Yucca 


81 


Tick Trefoil 


20 


"Water 


54 






Tilia 


14 


Viper's Bugloss 


58 


Zygnema 


128 


Timothy 


100 


Virginian Creeper 


17 


Xygogonium 


129 



CORRECTIONS. 

Page 15, line 9. After Balsam insert a period. 
" 27, " 28. For Hawthorn read Hawthorn. 
" 54, " 16. After Hypopitys insert L. 
" 81, " 19 and 20. For Wallkoth read Wallroth. 












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— COMMISSIONERS 

CHAS. FRANCIS ADAMS 
PHILIP A.CHASE 
WM. B. de Ins CASAS 
ABRAHAM L. RtCHAROS 

WML. CHASE 



H.S.CARRUTH Secretary 



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Pf'?porati unae? tt»e dfraction of 

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Gonicr H Taylor -Topo^raphftr . Geo. W.S^a.d ly &. Co., Draughtsmen. 



.; 



HLUOTYPZ Fi01IJOT€ C?, BOSTOK 




p --epared under "the direction Of 

0lM5TEO.OLM5TCD.and LLICT Landscape Aretits BrookHne 1894. 

Gordon H Taylor Topographer W.ti, H. Monroe -Draughtsman 



heiiotvpe primping e» bostok 



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