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Full text of "A middle English vocabulary. Designed for use with Sisam's Fourteenth century verse and prose"

3 1977 ! 



W?W<3 

W 



A 

MIDDLE ENGLISH 
VOCABULARY 

BY 

J. <%. <%. TOLKIEN 



'Designed for use with 
SISAM'S Fourteenth Century Verse & Prose 



OXFORD 
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

M DCCCC XXII 



Printed In Englund 



t'lS" 



ABBREVIATIONS 

AFr. Anglo-French. 

allit. alliterative ; (in) alliterative verse, &c. 

ci. in etymologies indicates uncertain or indirect relation. 

constr. constructed with ; construction. 

Du. Dutch. 

E. ; Mn.E. (Modem) English. 

E.D.D. The English Dialect Dictionary. 

Fr. French. 

Fris. (Modern) Frisian (dialects). 

from is prefixed to etymologies when the word illustrated has 

additional suffixes, &c., not present in the etymon. 
G. German. , 

Goth. Gothic. 
Icel. (Modern) Icelandic. 

Kt. ; OKt. Kentish ; Kentish dialect of Old English. 
L. ; Med.L. Latin; Mediaeval Latin. 
MDu. Middle Dutch. 
ME. Middle English. 
MHG. Middle High German. 
MLG. Middle Low German. 
N.E.D. The Oxford (New) English Dictionnry. 
Nth ; ONth. Northumbrian ; Northumbrian dialect of Old English. 
N\VM. North West Midland. 
OE. Old English. 
OFr. Old French. 
OFris. Old Frisian. 
OMG. Old High German. 
Olr. Old Irish. 

ON. Old Norse, especially Old Icelandic. 
ONFr. Northern dialects of Old French. 
OS. Old Saxon (Old Low German), 
prec. preceding word, 
red. reduced ; reduction. 
Swed. Swedish. 
WS ; O VVS. West Saxon (dialect of Old English). 

* is prefixed where forms are theoretically reconstructed. 

+ between the elements shows that a compound or derivative is 
first recorded in Middle English, 



SCARBOROUGH 
COLLEGE 

I IRPAQV 



NOTE 

THIS glossary does not aim at completeness, and it is not 
primarily a glossary of rare or 'hard' words. A good working 
knowledge of Middle English depends less on the possession of an 
abstruse vocabulary than on familiarity with the ordinary machinery 
of expression with the precise forms and meanings that common 
words may assume ; with the uses of such innocent-looking little 
words as the prepositions of and for; with idiomatic phrases, some 
fresh-minted and some worn thin, but all likely to recur again and 
again in an age whose authors took no pains to avoid usual or 
hackneyed turns of expression. These are the features of the older 
language which an English reader is predisposed to pass over, 
satisfied with a half-recognition : and space seldom permits of their 
adequate treatment in a compendious general dictionary or the 
word-list to a single text. So in making a glossary for use with 
a book itself designed to be a preparation for the reading of 
complete texts, I have given exceptionally full treatment to what 
may rightly be called the backbone of the language. 

Brief indications of the etymology of each word are given, with 
references in difficult cases to the Oxford English Dictionary 
(N.E.D.}. Apart from their usefulness as a basis for exercises in 
phonology and the analysis of vocabulary, these will serve to differ- 
entiate words distinct in origin which coincide in some of their 
forms or spellings. The Old English or Old French forms cited 
are those that best illustrate the Middle English ; in consequence 
the Old English forms frequently differ from normal West-baxon, 
and the Old French forms are especially those of the French current 
in England (Anglo-French is rarely specified). Old Norse words 
have usually been cited in the normal spelling (e.g. of Zoega's Old 
Icelandic Dictionary}, Accordingly, long vowels in Old Norse 
words are marked as in brdj)-r. In Old English words stable long 
vowels are marked as in brad] uncertain quantity or probable 
shortening in Old English times is marked as in adrsedd; vowels 
that were lengthened in the Old English period (e.g. before Id, mb, 
nd) are marked as in cdld, climban, bindan. 

For the convenience of beginners the glossary is liberally supplied 
with cross references, and the prefixed Table summarizes the 
principal variations of form or spelling. Particular attention should 
be given to the following points of arrangement : (i) 5 has a separate 
alphabetical place following G ; cross-references to gh are not 
given : (ii) p has a separate alphabetical place following T; 
variation between / and th is disregarded, and initial Th is entered 
under J? : (iii) 17, V are alternative forms of the same letter ; 
variation between them is disregarded, and initial U is entered 
under V: (iv) Y initially has its usual place ; but medial or final Y 
will be found in the alphabetical position of /. 

J. R. R. T. 



PRINCIPAL VARIATIONS OF FORM 
OR SPELLING 



I. a varies with o (before m, n) ; as land, lang, lamb lond, long, 

lomb; man, name (Westerns mon, nome. 
a. a (= a) varies in Northern texts with (i) ai, ay ; as (a) fare, /aw 

fayre (3) fayre farest, fairest : (ii) wit A Southern o, oo ; see 14. 

3. ai, ay varies with (i) ei, ey ; as mayntene meyntene: (ii) a; see 

2 : (iii) o, oo ; see 2. 

4. au (before m, n) varies -with a (chiefly in French words}; as 

daunce dance. 

5. be-, prefix varies with bi- ; as begynne biginne. 
ft. c varies with k ; as bac, court bak, kort. 

7. des-, prefix varies with dis- ; as des-, disavanntage. 

8. e (= e) varies in Northern texts with ei, ey ; as wel(e) weill, 

weyl ; stele steill. See 1 3, 20. 

9. ei, ey varies with (i) ai, ay (cf. 3) ; as weie, wey(e) way(e) : 

(ii) hence in Northern texts with a ; as strat-ly streyte : (iii) 
with e ; see 8. 

10. er varies with later ar; as fer, hertely far, hartely. 

11. f vanes with u (= v) : (i) initially (Southern); as fader nader: 

(ii) finally (Northern); as haf(e) haue. 

12. ght varies with jt, cht (Scottish), ht, st ; as nyght nijt, nycht, 

nyht, seuenist. 

13. i (vowe'~) varies with y, passim : i, y varies with (i) e ' Northern 

texts ; as hider, liuen, myddel heder, leue, medill : (ii) with e, 
(South) Western u ; as hil, fyrst hell, uerst hul, furst. 

14. o, oo ( = 9) varies in Northern texts with (i) a ; as hot, hoot hate : 

(ii) hence also with ai (see 2) : (iii) with oi, oy ; see next. 

15. o, oo (= o) varies in Northern texts with (i) ou, u ; as god, good 

goud, gud(e) : (ii) oi, oy ; as none, noon noyne. 

1 6. (s)sch varies with (s)sh, ss; as schewe she we, ssewe; fle(s)3ch 

flessh. 

1 7. }> varies with th, passim. 

1 8. u (in au, eu, ou) varies with w, passim ; see ai. 

19. u, v (= u) varies with o (esp. before m, n); as sun(ne) sonne; 

but bot(e); see also 15. 

ao. n, v (= ii) varies in Western texts with (i) e, eo; as erthe 
( Western) eor>e, vr}>e : (ii) with i, y, e ; see 13. 

21. w varies medially with gh, 3 (u) ; as owen, own oghne, ojene, 

oune : initially (Scottish) with v ; as woundit voundit. 

22. y (consonant) varies initially with 3; as ye 36 ; medially with i, 

(i)gh, <i)? ; as say, se(i)gh, se(i^e, saw. 

23. single consonant varies with double; as sad sadde. 

24. single vowel varies with double ; as breed brede, breadth ; wod 

wood, mad. 



GLOSSARY 



A, pron. he, xma 27, 47, 4$; 
they, Xlii a 13, b 22, 36, 39, 61, 
64, 66. [Unaccented form of 
ME. ha. See Hare, Ham.] 

A, v. inf. have, I 127. [Reduced 
unaccented form of haue; see 
Habbe(n).] 

A(n), adj. one, IV b 34 ; indef. art. 
a(n), i 22, via b 7, &c. See 
Ane, On(e). 

A(n), /?<;/. on, in, &c. II 137, in 
introd., 22, villa 43, xma n, 
19, 34, &c. ; a MK&, with 
blood, xv^- 1 6 ; a nyghfes, at 
night (OE. on niht, ni/ites], 

VIII b 16 ; a/r, in three, Xlii b 
49 (see Ato. Atwynne) ; a 
Goddes half, for God's sake, 
XII b 80. [Weakened form of 
On, q.v. ; a in ill is possibly 
dialectal ; a is used only before 
following consonant.] See Ane. 

Abandoune, v. to abandon, re- 
sign, X 50. [OFr. abandouner."} 

Abasshed, //. perturbed, xvi 177 
(note to xvi 59). [AFr.afoM.r-; 
OFr. e(s)bair, e(s}baiss-.~] 

Abate, v. to lessen, xiv b 19 ; 
reduce, Vina 209 (imper. sg^)\ 
intr. xvn 445; Abatid (of), 
pp. ceased, vn 104. [OFr. abat- 
re.~\ 

Abedde, adv. in bed, xil a 141. 
[OE. on bedde.~] See Bedd(e). 

Abhomynable, adj. abominable, 
XI b 90. [OFr. abominable.'} 

Abide, Abyde, Habide, v. (i) 
intr. to wait, remain, stay, II 84, 

IX 197, xvn 531 ; tarry, II 348 ; 
imper. wait !, v 149 ; halt !, xvi 
213; (ii) trans, to await, xvn 
334; withstand, endure, xiv 
31; Abode, pa. t. xiv c 68, 
xvii 373; Abyde, pp. in ys 
abyde, has survived, xm^o. 
[OE. d-bidan.~\ See Bide. 



Abite, n. outward appearance, 

XI b 99. [OFr. (h}abit.'\ 
Able, adj. able, VI 239, XI b 92. 
.] SteVnable. 



Ab'one, adv. above, XVII 146. 
See Aboue(n). 

Abosted, pa. t. sg. threatened 
boastfully, villa 148. [ME. a- 
+ Boste, q. v.] 

Aboue(n), Abovin, Abuf, adv. 
above, overhead, on top, v 149, 
vii 105, 135, IX 56, x 61 ; on 
the surface, vii 160 ; prep. 
above, higher than, xi b 182, 
XVII 83 ; quasi-sb. in be at here 
abone, get the upper hand of 
them, x ilia 61. [OE. *on-bufan, 
abufan.~] See Abone. 

Aboueseyd, adj. aforesaid, IX 307. 
[Free. +pp. of Seie.] 

Aboute(n),. Abowte, Obout 
(XIV a), (i) adv. about, round, on 
all sides, here and there, to and 
fro, i 233, V 165, viil a 297, 
XI b 270, xil a 143, b\\l, xiva 
15, xv * 3, xvn 303, 351, &c. ; 
round about, vii 83, &c. ; round 
it, 11359; a ^ about e round, all 
round about, xn a 79 ; (ii) prep. 
about, round, &c. (often follow- 
ing . or pron.}, i 54,11 274, 
284, v 95, xiv b 68, &c. ; on, 
XI b 236 ; in, xi b 293, 296 ; 
about al, in all directions, II 387 ; 
abonte with for to (vn-bynde}, 
xvi 7. [OE. onbiitan, dbfitan.\ 

Abrod, adv. out wide, xn a 176. 



Abuf. See Aboue. 

Abugge, v. to pay for (it), Vlli a 

75. 159- [OE. a-bycgan^ See 

Bigge. 
Ac, conj. but, II 56, in 34, vm 67, 

&c. [OE. of.] 
Acheue, v. achieve, vi 1 15. [OFr. 

afAever."] See Cheue. 

1 



GLOSSARY 



Acoordandly, adv. accordingly, 
IV b 33. [From pres. p. of 
Acorde.] 

Aoord(e), Accord, . agreement, 
VI 149, XI a 32 ; concurrence, 
united will, xvn 30 ; made 
acorde of care and me, associated 
me with, caused me to know, 
care, vi n. [OFr. acord(e}.~\ 

Acorde(n), v. trans.'to reconcile, v 
337 t acorde me with, to asso- 
ciate myself with, v 312 ; intr. 
agree, xi b 128, xn 145, xuib 
52. [OFr. acorder.'] 6V<; Corden. 

Acountes, n. pi. settlement of 
accounts, vni a 83. [OFr. acont, 
acunt.'] 

Acsede. See Axe(n). 

Actif, Actyf, adj. active, villa 
245, xi b 74, 102. [OFr. actif,~\ 

Aday, adv. in dyne aday, eat at 
(mid-day) meal, vill a 303. 
[OE. on dsege, by day.] 

Ademand, . loadstone (magnetic 
ironore), 1x123, 125, &c. [OFr. 
adema(u)nt, L. adamantem 
(ace.), properly ' diamond '. 
The application to ' loadstone ' 
was due to false association with 
L. ail-amare. The mediaeval 
adamant' in consequence often 
combined the properties of 
diamond and loadstone.] See 
Dyamand. 

Admytte, v. to admit xvn 551. 
[L. admittere.~\ 

Adoun, Adown, adv. down, n 
"3> 435, vma3i,&c. [OE. 
of -dune t attune.'] See Doun(e). 

Adrad, //. afraid, XII b 133 ; 
Adred, xvn 201. [OE. of- 
drxdd, ofdredd, pp.] See 
Drede(n). 

Adreynt, //. drowned, n 397. 
[OE. a-drettcan, pp. d-drenct.~\ 

Adresced, //. ; therufon him 
hath adresced, has fastened him- 
self to it, xn b 85. .SV^Dresse. 
[OFr. adresser.'] 

Aduersouris, n, pi. adversaries, 
X 144. [OFr. adversier with 
alteration of suffix.] 

Afelde, adv. to the fields, vni a 



I 3 6 , 283. [OE. onfelda."] See 
Feld(e). 

Aferd(e), adj. afraid, I 4, 67, 262, 
via a 115, xvn 316, &c. [OE. 
a-fxred.'] See Ferde. 

Affaite, v. train, tame, villa 32 

' (note). [OFr. afait(i}er.~] 

Affeccyon, . affection, (worldly) 
desire, IV b 52, 71. [L. affec- 
tion-em through OFr.] 

Af(f)erme, v. affirm, IX 77, xia 
50; confirm, ix 305. [OFr. 
aferm<r.~] 

Affie, v. to have (faith in), xvi 29. 
[OFr. after.'] 

Afforces (thame), pres. pi. (rejl.} 
endeavour, IV b 20. [OFr. 
s'aff~orcer.~] 

Affray, . fear, xn a 142. [OFr. 
e(s]frai.~] 

Aflne, adv. to the end, n 277. 
[OFr. a fin.] 

Afore, adv. beforehand, xvil 164. 
[OE. at-foran.'] 

Aforth, v. to afford, villa 192. 
[OE. (late) ge-fortiian, to 
manage.] 

Afright, //. Not afright, unde- 
terred, xvn 541. [OE. d-fyrht.} 

After (-ir, -yr, -ur), adv. after, 
behind, II 378, vn 24, xvi 376, 
&c. ; afterwards, then, VII 46, 
VIII a 5, &c. ; be the ivhiche . . , 
after, in accordance with which 
(mixed Fr. and E. constr.), ix 
302 ; prep, after, next to, 1215, 
xi b 27, &c. ; according to, ix 
220, 291, XI b 189, &c. ; for 
(after desire, ask, &c.), VII 20, 
Vina 291, xv h 5, xvi 242, 
&c. ; conj. after, xvn 148. 
After pan, afterwards, II 597. 
[OK after; xfterpam^ 

Afterward, Aftyrward(e), &c., 
adv. afterwards, n 164, IV b 59, 
xi b 147, &c. ; Efterward, in 
16, 35, 38, 48. [OE. mfttr- 
weard (Kt. eftcr-\~] 

Agayn(e), Agaue, adv. back, 
again, iv b 83, xvi n, xvil 
1 80, 479, &c. &A3ayn. 

Agayne8,/r<r/. against, iv<5 18, 19. 
[Free. + adv. -.] See Ajeines. 



GLOSSARY 



Agaynste, /TV/, against, xvi 280 ; 

to lake a., to gaze on, xvi 92. 

[Extended from prec.] 
Agast, //. afraid, XIV c 51, XVII 

184, 297 ; astonished, xvii 449. 

[a- + OE. gxsted, afflicted.] 

See Gastli. 
Age, . age, time of life, vi 52, 

xii introd. ; mature age, 1x22; 

old age, vii 6, xiv c 106, &c. 

[OFr. age.] 
Ago,//, gone by, XII a 34. [OE. 

a-gdn.~\ 
Agrete, adv. collectively, as a 

body, VI 200. [OE. on + great.] 
Agreued (for], pp. weighed down 

(with), v 302 ; annoyed (by), 

I 88. [OFr. agrever.] 
A}ayn, adv. again, back, V 53, 

257, 332 ; Aje, xiil a 8 ; Ajein, 

Ajeyn, i 230, vin a 44, xii a 28, 

&c. ; A^en, IX 132 ; O;ain, 11 

141,162. [OE. ongen, ongegnJ] 
Ajayn, Ajen, Ajein, Aye, O3ain, 

prep, against, III 58, v 48, ix 19 ; 

towards (of time), n 497, xii b 

1 8. [As prec.] See Agayn. 
A:}eines,/7r/. against, contrary to, 
309, 311, 315; A3enes, 
17 ; Ajens, i 261, 264, 

vin b 78 ; A^enus, XI a 29. 

[Prec. + adv. -es.] See Agaynes. 
Ajenst,//?/. against, 1x92, 315, 

XI b 43, 46, 97. [Extended from 

prec.] See Agaynste. 
A^le}, adj. without fear, v 267. 

[ON. agi + OE. -leas.'] See 

Awe. 
A-hungrye, adj. hungry, xvii 499. 

[a- + OE. hungrig.'] 
Ai, Ay, adv. always, ever, iv a I, 

14, vii 1 8, x 6 1, xv a 10, 17, &c.; 

for ay, for ever, xvn 26. [ON. 

Ay, M. fear, mfor loue or ay, in any 
event, II 571. [OE. ege.} 

Aye. See Ajayn. 

Ayenbyte, n. remorse. See in 
introd. [OE. ongen + bite.'] 

Ayere, Aire, n. air, i\ b 5, vii 
107, 1 10. [OFr. air.] 

Aire, . heir, vin b 62. [OFr. 



Ays. See Esc. 

Aither, Ayjjer, Athir, Ey]>er, 
adj. and pron. both, vn 65 ; 
either, v 1 1 2 ; ey]>er oj>er, each 
other, xni b 57 ; at Air othir in, 
one in the other, X22. [OE. 
Sgfer, both; a(w}}er, either.] 
See Eu]>er. 

Ayther, Aper, conj. or, vi 131 ; 
ayther . . or, either . .or, xvii 
477. [As prec.] .$"<?< Or 2 ; Oj>er, 
conj. 

Aywhere, adv. on all sides, v 113. 
[OE. fghvner.'} 

Aketh, pres. pi. ache, vin a 253 
(see Wombe). [OE. acan.] 

Akyng, n. aching, xi b 136. 

Al, adj. all, I 120, n 114, in 6, 
&c.; Alle, I 19, &c.; //. in 55, 
&c.;a/(/)a(),a whole, vii 183, 
villa 253,xnia32,44,xiVf 4; 
al(le) maner(e\ all kinds of, 
II 589, XI a 12 (cf. Alkyn) ; 
al(le~]ping(e},seeYmg\ all way, 
weys, see Alway, Way ; all it 
(J>ei, we}, all of it (them, us), 
xv g 16, ix 104, xvii 456, &c. ; 
here names of alle, the names of 
them all, I 37 ; of al and sum, 
in general and particular, in full, 
vi 224 ; as sb. all, xvi 303, &c. ; 
every one (with sg. verb), VI 87. 
[OE. /(/).] See Algate, Alkyn, 
Alsaume, &c. 

Al, All(e), adv. entirely, quite, 
very, I 108, II 76, V 304, vin 
a 138, &c. ; in comb, with To- 
ll 81, 106, 262, iv a 78, vil 147 ; 
with For-, II 398, xv*- 29. Al 
aivay, quite away, iva 75; al 
one, alone, v 87, XII a 131, 15 ; 
al oon, all one (and the same 
thing), XI a 41 ; al to, up to (the 
number of), in 56 ; all be (were} 
it pat, although, IX 50, 171, 302, 
312 ; all if, although, XVII 231. 
[OE /(/).] 

Al, All(e), n. all, everything, in 
43> 5 J > &c.; about al, in all 
directions, II 387 ; ouer al, 
everywhere, II 208 (OE. ofer 
all}. [OE. fl /(/).] 

Aldai, Al day, adv. all day, v 
1* 



GLOSSARY 



1 66, xn introd. [OE. alne 

dseg.'] 

Aide. See Olde. 
Alepy, adj. (a) single, 1 159. [OE. 



Algate, adv. by all means, at any 

rate, I 107,11 231. [C/.ON.0//a 

gotu, all along, always.] See 

Gate, *. 
Algatis, adv. continually, xi a 38. 

[Prec. + adv. -.] 
Aliens, . //. foreigners, xm 

61. [OFr. a/w.] 
Ali}t, Alihte, v. to alight, n 377, 

xii a 76. [OE. a-hhtan^ See 

Lijt, . 
Aliri, adv.\ across one another (of 

legs), villa 1 16. [? Related to 

Lyre,*.'] 

Alia, v. See EyleJ>. 
Alyue, adj. living, VI 85. [OE. 

on life.'} 
Alkyn, adj. of all kinds, VIII a 

70. [OE. *a/ra cynna.~\ See 

Kyn. 
Alias, inter}, alas! n 107, &c. 

[OFr.aAw.] 
Alleg(g)e(n), . to cite (in support 

of a contention), xi3 56, xvi 

277 ; to contend, xi b 79. [OFr. 

esligier, aligier, associated with 

unrelated L. allegdre.'] 
AUowe, v. approve, receive with 

approval, xvi 330 ; Alod, //. 

XVII 56 (note). [OFr. alouer, 

from L. allauddreJ] 
Allpough, Althogh, conj. (even) 

though, ix no, xn b 196, &c. 

[Al, adv. + J>ogh, q.v.~\ 
Allweldand, adj. almighty, XVII 

494. [Cf. OE. alwdldende.] 
Almes(se), n. sg. an act, or works, 

of charity, charitable gift or 

offering, villa 121, 140, XI b 

2, 163, 270, &c. ; Elmesses//. 

(OKt. elmessati), in 17. [OE. 

x/messe.'] 
Almyat. culj. almighty, VI 138. 

[OE. Kl-miht^ 

Almyty, -myghty, adj. almighty, 
vin b 105, xv *ia. [OE. */- 
mihtig.~\ 
Alofte, adv. in the air, aloft, V 220, 



xn a 94, &c. [ON. Aloft."] See 
Lofte. 

Alod, //. See Allowe. 

Alone, adj. alone, xvil 489; see 
Al, adv. 

Als, adv. also, as well, v 292, vm 
0148, x 8, ii, xvu 126, 127. 
[Reduced form of Also, q.v.~\ 

Als, Alss, conj. as (e sp. in als .. as, 
as . . as), like, IV a 2, 63, 84, 
b 86, vin a 37, &c. ; as for 
instance, like, xvi 306, 308, 
311; as, while, IV b 43, XV a 4 ; 
ah ..fiat, so . . that, ix 151 ; 
als b(i}liue, as quickly (as pos- 
sible), straightway, II 531, 584. 
[As prec.] See As. 

Alsaume, adv. (all) together, 1 98. 
[Cf. ON. allir saman.] See 
Sam(e), adv. 

Also, Alsua (x), adv. also, as well, 
135, ii 144, x 33, &c.; conj. 
like, II 508 ; also blitie, also spac , 
also swij>e, as quickly (as pos- 
sible), straightway, II 142, 343, 
574. [OE. at-swa.] See Als, 
As. 

Al(l)way,-wey, adv. always, (for) 
ever, continually, xin a 3, b 63, 
xvi 150, 168, &c ; in any case, 
certainly, xvi 164. [OE. alne 
weg.~\ See Algate(s). 

Am, i sg. pres. ind. am, V 90, 
&c. ; coalescing with prec. pron. 
in Icham, Ycham (q.v.~). [OE. 
am.} See Ar, Art, Js, &c. 

Amaistrien, v. to master, control, 
vin a 205. [OFr. amaistrier.'] 

Amaiig, adv. in the meanwhile, 
XVII 247 ; Emang, at times, 
from time to time, xvi 262, 
301. [OE. on-(ge}id>ig.~] See 
Amonge. 

Ame, v. to guess ; as y kan ame, 
I guess, 1 45. [OFr. aesmer t 
amerl} 

Amend(e), v. to make better, 
reform, set right, vin a 268, 
IX 338, xi a 48, xvil 256. [OFr. 
atnender.~\ See Mend(e). 

Amendement, . improvement, 
cure, I 238, ii 200, villa 132. 
[OFr. amendementJ] 



GLOSSARY 



Amercy, v. to fine, vm a 40. 
[OFr. amercier.] 

Amidde, prep, in the middle of, 
11 355- C OE - on-middan.'} 

Amiddes, adv. in the midst, xila 
170; prep, (from) among, II 191. 
[Free. + adv. -es.~] 

Amys, adv. amiss, vill a 322. 
[ON. a miss.] See Mysse. 

Amoner, w. almoner, alms-giver, 
in 16. [OFr. au-nioner.'} 

Among(e), prep, among, II 220, 
via a 89, &c. ; Eraaug, Emong, 
XVII 112 ; (follows noun) xvn 
400. [OE. on-(ge}nidng.] See 
Amang, Mong. 

Amonges, prep, amongst, II 306, 
vii 37, &c. [Free. + adv. -.] 

Amorwe, adv. on the next day, 
II 181, 497. [OE. on morgene.'] 

An, And, Ant, conj. and, I 254, 
vm a 205, xi a i, xv b 1 i, d 2, 
e6,g 25, 26,*5,&c.; ante, and 
the, xv e 19 ; if, n 43, vi 200, 
238, VIII a 250, xin a 44, b 39, 
xiv c 14, 103, xvi 208 (even if), 
XVII 297, 502. On postpone- 
ment of and in Gower see note 
to xii a 26. [OE. and.] 

Ancres, n. pi. anchorites, religions 
recluses,viila 139. [OE. ancraJ] 

Andzuerede. See Ansuere. 

Ane, indef. art. a, x 5, 16, 31, &c. ; 
representing older inflected 
forms, III ii (first), 13, 49 ; 
adj. one, a single, iv a 58, x 157 ; 
(predicatively) one, united, iv a 
56 ; pron. one, iv b i, 43 ; a 
certain person, iv a 69, X 169. 
See A(n), On(e). 

Ane, prep, on ; ane his IhorJes 
haf, on his master's behalf, III 
n. [From OE. on, an, on anal, 
of in, inne.] 

Anely, adv. only, iv b Si. [OE. 
an/if, adj.] See Onely. 

Anewe, adv. once more, xv a 2 2. 
[a- + OE. neowe.~] 

Angelis. See Aungel. 

Anger, n. grief, v 276. [ON. 
angr, grief.] 

Angr6, adj. angry, XVII 187. 
[From prec.] 



Angwys, n. grief, IV b 28. [OFr. 

anguisse.~\ 
Ani, Any, adj. any, I 2, 18, n 528, 

&c. [OE. xnig.'] See Eny, 

Ony. 
Animal, n. animal, II 364. [OFr. 

animal. ~] 

Anodir. See Ano}>ire. 
Anoynt, v. to smear, XVII 127. 

[Formed on OFr. enoint pp. of 

enoiniire.~\ 
Anon(e),rt</z>. at once, straight way, 

next, n 385, 499, VI 224, xvn 

490, 526, &c. ; Onone, vii 149, 

xvil 275. [OE on an.'] 
Anothire, Anoper, adj. zn&prott. 

another, iv^ 3, 34, ix 37, &c. ; 

Anopur, xiv<r 27; Anouper, 

i 140 ; Anodir, xvi 87. [OE. 

an + o]>er. ] 
Anrm j, See Yno3. 
*Anowrned, //. adorned, II 363 

(MS. anowed). [OFr. aourner 

? a- to an- on anal, of E. alterna- 
tion a-, an-.] 
Ansuer(e), Answere, v. to 

answer, in 5, 25, ix 178, xni 

76 ; Andzuerede, pa. t. in 33. 

[OE. an(if)swerian.~\ 
Answar, n. answer, vi 1 58. [OE. 

an(d}swaru,~] 
Apt. See An, conj. 
Antifeners, n pi. antiphonaries, 

xi b 229 (note). [OFr. anti- 
phonier^ 
Apayed, //. pleased, satisfied, 

villa 102, 189. \Qi.apaier.\ 

See Paie. 
Apassed,//. zsprep. past, vi 180. 

[OFr. apasser.] 
Ap(p)ere, Appiere, v. to appear, 

vi 45, xn a 132, xvi 368, xvn 

173. [OFr. aper-; apareir.~] 
Ap(pjeyre, v. to do harm to, 

injure, impair, villa 126, 164, 

212, XIII b 14; Apeyryng, . 

impairing, xin b 15. [OFr. em- 

peirer.] See Empeyre. 
Apert, adj. plain, v 324 ; adv. 

openly, plainly, I 200, vi 229 ; 

for all to see, n 586. [OFr. 

apert.] 
Apon. See Vpon. 



GLOSSARY 



Aposede, pa. t. put a (hard) 


XIV c 61. [OE. on-rihti 


question to, vm b 10. [OFr. 


ariht.~\ 


oposer, aposer."] 


Arise, Aryse, v. to arise, rise, get 


Apostel, . apostle, XI a u,d 15, 
99, 373, &c. \QE.apostol.'} See 


up, come to pass, n 311, vm a 
112, 261,319, b 15 ; Aros, pa t. 


Posteles. 


sg. ii 318, xv g I (note). [OE. 


Apparaille, v. to dress, viil a 


d-rtsan. ] 


59. [OFr. aparailler.'] 


Arm(e), . arm, I 113, vn 162, 


Apparale, n. preparations, ap- 


&c. ; embrace, xn a 161. [OE. 


paratus, gear, x 3, 14, 44, 119. 


earm.'] 


[OFr. aparail.'] 


Armes, n. pi. arms, weapons, 


Apparence, n. appearance, XII a 


(knightly) warfare, II 182, IX 


127. [OFr. ap(p)arence!\ 


109, &c. [OFr. armes.'] 


Appetit (to), n. desire, appetite 


Armyt, Armed, //. armed, II 


(for), VIII a 261, IX 15, XII a 87. 


395. x 7, 37, &c. ; Y-armed, 


[OFr. apetit.] 
Appiereth. See Ap(p)ere. 


ii 136, 184, 292. [OFr. armer.] 
Arn(e). See Ar(e), v. 


Approprid, //. assigned as per- 


Arryuen, Aryue, v. to come to 


sonal property, XI? 97. [OFr. 


land, ix 184; to come (to a 


aproprier.~\ 


destination), vi 87. [OFr. 


Aquit, //. requited, XII b 138, 


arriver."] 


1^7. [OFr. aquifer.'] 


Art, 2 sg.pres. ind. art, I 202, 204, 


Ar, COM/, before (usually with 


II 422, &c.; Artow, art thou, 


subj.), vm a 93, 196, 258, 261, 
269, xv g 33, &c. [OE. ifr, and 


n 421 (see pou) ; Ert, vm b 34. 
[OE. earl.} 


with weak stress *>(?).] See 


Artetykes, adj. pi. arthritic, ac- 


Are; Er(e),a^. ; Or. 


companied with inflammation of 


Ar(e),/r. ind. pi. are, IV b 18, 


the joints, ix 314. See Gowtes. 


V9, 27, &c. ; Aren, vnia 268, 


[OFr. artetique, corruptly from 


270, &c. ; Arn(e\ n 13, vi 24, 


L. arthriticus.~] 


42, &c. [OE. (Nth.) aron.~] 


Arwes, n. pi. arrows, ix 258. 


See Art, Er(e), Ben, &c. 


[OE. earA.~] 


Aray, . array, X 68 ; rank, estate, 


Aa(e), conj. as, I 24, n 290, in 48, 


vi 131 ; of aray, stately, xvn 


&c. ; as. ..as (foil by accus.), 


539 ( or S refe f ara y> great in 


XVII 19 ; as that, as, xvn 182 ; 


magnificence). [OFr. arei.~] 


as hys desserte, according to bis 


A rayed, pp. arranged, XI II a I. 


deserts, vi 235 ; even as, seeing 


[OFr. areyer.] 


that, xvn 427, 552 ; as euer, as 


Aratede, pa. t. rebuked, VIII b 1 1. 


sure as ever, xvn 237, 395 ; so 


[Unknown.] 


(in oaths, &c.), V 55, &c. ; as if 


Archidekenes, n.pl. archdeacons, 


(usually with subj.} I 31, 121, 


VIII b 75. [OE. terce-diacon, 


195, ii 108, 402, v 106, 133, 134, 


OFr. archedekne."] See Dyacne. 


189, 194, 221, 336, vii 45; as 


Are, adv. before, I 93, xvi 38, 98, 
345. [ON. dr (? late Nth. ar) 


relative particle, I introd., xvil 
325 ; as suyfa, tyte, straightway, 


but see Ar, con/.] 


I in, xvn 219. [Further re- 


Arered, pp. raised, set up, XIII a 


duced from Als, q.v.~\ 


u, 13, &c. [OE. d-rxran.'] 
Aije (wyth), v. to be terrified, 


Asalis. See Assaylle. 
Askes, n.pl. ashes, xm a 4. [OE. 


quail (at),v 303,209,233. [OE. 


axe!] 


eargianl\ 


Aske(n), Aski (ii), v. to ask for, 


Ary3t, adv. rightly, right well, 


demand, I 131, ii 450, 467, vi 


XIII b 46 ; Ariht, XII a 67, 


220, &c. ; require, via b 71; 



GLOSSARY 



inquire, I 132, IX 176. [OE. 
axian.\ See Axe(n). 

Aspien, Asspye, v. to detect, 
observe, vili a 123, 217, XI a 
60 ; Aspide,/a. t. Ill 42. [OFr. 
espier."\ See Spie. 

Assai, Assay, . test, trial; at 
assai, when put to the test, 
xiv e 5 ; set in, till, hard(e) 
assay, place in sore straits, x 62, 
170, 1 88. [OFr. essai, assai.] 

Assaie, Assay(e), Asay, v. to 
test, prove, make trial, II 452, 
568, v 294, ix 61, loa, 121, xiv c 
66, xvn 219, 249, 433; to en- 
deavour, vin a 24, xu b 81. 
[OFr. essay er.] See Saye. 

Assaylle, As(s)ale, Assa(i)l;}e 
(X),z>. to assail, attack, IX 88,x 4, 
12,43,114, 132, 144, xvil 295, 
&c. ; Assaling, w. assault, x 41, 
60. [OFr. as(s)ail/ir.] 

Asse, . ass, xv/5, &c. [OE. 
assa.] 

Assemblid (to), pa. t. assembled 
(at), VII 85. [OFr. assembler.'] 

Assembly, . joining of battle, 
VII 57. [OFr. assemble.] 

Assende, v. to ascend, xvi 32. 
[OFr. ascendre.~\ 

Assent, pp. sent for, xn 208. 
See Of-sende. 

As(s)ente, . agreement ; com- 
pliance, vi 31 ; of pare assente, 
of like mind with them, xvi 310. 
[OFr. asente.] 

Assent(e), v. to agree, vni a 39, 
57 ; //. xvi 170. [OFr. 
asentir.~\ 

Assoylled, pp. absolved, IX 286. 
[OFr. assoillir.~] _ 

Asspye. See Aspien. 

As(s)tate, . estate, (high) rank, 
VI 33> 'SQj VI1 3I [OFr. 
es(at.~] See State. 

Astrangled, //. choked, II 396. 
[OFr. estranglerC\ 

Asunder, -yr, adv. apart, I 224 ; 
pleon. with/arfc, i 103. [OE. 
on-sundran.~\ See Soncler. 

Aswon(o), adj. in a swoon, 119$ 
(note), H 549. \QR.geswogen. , 
See Falle(n) ; Swone. 



At, prep, at, 113, 74, &c. ; in, 
VII 66, vin a 63; ix 253; at 
wordes, in words, n 139 ; (of 
time) v 23, 100, ix 284, XI a 
12; to, v 108, vn 13; with 
innn. (at do\ see Do ; according 
to, I 82, ii 271, xiv b 56, xvi 
258, xvn 4, 322 ; at the value 
of, vin a 162, b 101, xvn 364; 
at the hands of, from, I 239, 240, 
345, II 179, III 4, 31 (see Atte). 
At on, at one, In accord, vi 18 ; 
at pe full, completely XI b 198 ; 
hatie at pe, see Habbe(n). [OE. 
set.] See Atte ; fare. 

At, rel. particle; pat at, that 
which, what, vi 176 (note); 
quhar at, see Whar. [ON. at ; 
pat at is possibly for pat tat (cf. 
Atte, J>ou, &c.).] 

Ate. See Atte. 

Atempree, adj. temperate, ix 29. 
[OFr. atemprt.} 

Aper, Athir. See Aither, Ayther. 

At-hold, v. to restrain, II 88. 
[OE. set- + hdldan.] 

Atire, n. apparel, n 299. [From 
next.] 

Atire, v. ; Atird, pp. equipped, 
II 158. [OFr. atir(i}er.~\ See 
Tired. 

Atled, pa. t. intended, V 195. 
[ON. At/a."] 

Ato, adv. in two, apart, II 135, 
IX 140; Atwo, vin a 97. 
[OE. on twd.] See A(n) prep. ; 
Tuo. 

Atour, n. apparatus, equipment, 
XI 25. [OFr. atour(n}.~] 

Atourned, //. equipped, II 291. 
[OFr. atourner.] 

Atrete, adv. straight out, plainly, 
xiv c 78. [OFr. a trait.'] 

Atslyke, v. to slip away ; atsly- 
ke), is spent, vi 215. [OE. at- 
+ sltcan.] 

Atte, Ate, at the, II 232, 379, 
in 4, villa 96, 6 29; of the, 
in 31 ; in fixed expressions 
where Mn. E. has ' at ', as : 
atte chirche, villa 50; at(t)t 
firste, last^e), mete, set Furste, 
Laste, Mete; atte nale = atte 



GLOSSARY 



(OE. Ki pani) ale, over the ale, 

vin a 109. See At. 
Atteynte, v. to convict, prove 

guilty, XVI 278. [From ateint, 

convicted, pp. of OFr. ateindre. 

See next.] 
Atteny, v. to reach, yi 188. 

[OFr. ateign-, stem of ateindre.'] 
Atwynne, adv. in two, I 189, 191. 

[OE. on + twinn.~\ 
Atwo, Avay. See Ato, Awai. 
Avayll, Avale, v. to be of use to, 

xvil 154; */ avails you, (it) is 

your best course, xvn 296. 

[a- + OFr. vail-, valeir.~] 
Avale, Availl (x), v. intr. to 

descend, IX 195 ; trans, to let 

down, X 28. [OFr. avaler.] 
Avauntage, . advantage, XIII b 

35, 36. [OFr. avantage.~\ 
Auctorite", n. authority, XI b 61. 

[OFr. au(c)torite.~\ 
Auctour, n. original authority, 

author, IX 304 ; Autours, //. 

XI a 23. [OFr. autoztr, and 

(from 1 4th c.) auctoiir, &c.] 
Audience, . formal hearing, 

audience, XII b 209. [OFr. 

audience.^ 
Aue Maria, an Ave, Hail Mary, 

IX 3 2 3- [First two words of 

Latin prayer.] 
Auentur(e), Auentour, n. 

chance, (notable) occurrence, 

feat, H 15, 18, 32, &c. ; risk, 

x 118; an attenture, (as conj!) 

in case, vin a 43 ; at anentur, 

s chance directed, recklessly, 

xiv c 34. [OFr. aventure7\ See 

Aunter. 
Aueril, . April, XV c I. [OFr. 

avril.~\ 

Aujt. See Owe, v. 
Avys, . deliberation, IX 295, 297. 

[OFr. avis.'] 
Avised,/^. ; wel avised, judicious, 

xii b 217. [OFr. aviser.~\ 
Aungel(l), n. angel, iva 46, XI 

23> XVI 339, 389 ; Angel, XI b 

152, &c. [OFr. ()<?*/.] 
Aunsetris, n. pi. ancestors, men 

of former days, vil 5. [OFr. 

ancestre, nom. sg.] 



Aunter, . chance, event, vil 5, 
67, 155- [As Auentur ; but due 
to older and more popular bor- 
rowing.] 

Auter(e), n. altar, I 74, 76. [OFr. 
auter.~\ 

Autours. See Auctour. 

AuJ>er. See O}>er, adv. and conj. 

Awai, Away(e), Awei(e), 
Awey(e), adv. away, vin a 
184, xii b 132, &c. ; Avay, 

X 58, 187; Oway, n 192, 261, 
329 ; Owy (in rime), II 96, 
491, 561 ; don awei, abolished, 

XI b 206 ; wan tie awaye, rescued, 
xvi 171 ; predic., gone, over, 
n 59 (away), xvn 537. [OE. 
on-weg, aweg ; ? with- owy , cf. 
rare OE. wig.~\ 

Awake, v. intr. to be aroused, 

wake up, II 77, VIII a 318, b i, 

&c. ; trans, to wake, n 73 ; 

Awake, //. wakened, xv g 14. 

[OE. a-wxcnan, str. ; a-wacian, 

wk. ; both intr.] See Forwake, 

Wackenet, Wake. 
Awangelys, n. pi. gospels, xv i 6. 

Qi.evangelium.~\ See Euaunge- 

listis. 

Awe. See Owe, v. 
Awe, n. fear ; for Cry sty s awe, for 

fear of Christ, I 83. [ON. agi.'\ 

See A;le3. 
Awede, v. go mad, n 87 ; 

Awedde, //. (gone) mad, 

II 400. [OE. d-wedan^\ See 

Wode, adj. 
Aweyward, adv. (turned) in the 

opposite direction, xin a 35. 

[OE. onweg +adv. -ward^] 
Awen, Awne. See Owen, adj. 
Awenden, pa. t. pi. thought, xv^- 

17. [a- + OE. wenan.'] See 

Wene(n). 
Awharf, pa. t. sg: turned aside, 

v 152. [OE. d-hweorfan.~\ 
Aworthe. See Yworth. 
Awreke (of), v. to avenge (on), 

Villa 166; Awroke,//. villa 

J 95 [OE. d-wrecanJ] See 

Wreke. 
Ax, . axe, v 155, xiv e i, Sec. 

[OE. aw.] 



GLOSSARY 


Axe(n), V. to ask, demand, in- 


in a field, vm a 101. [OE. 


quire (of), VIII a 291, XI b 207, 


bak(a}.'} 


xn a 145, &c. ; Acsede, pa. t. 
Ill 4, 25, 31. [OE. axian.~\ 


Ban, v. to curse, xi v b 94, XVII 94 ; 
Banned (MS.} I 188, ^ read 


See Aske(n). 


Bende (q.v.*). [OE. banttan, 
proclaim ; ON. baitna, forbid, 




curse.] 


Babelynge, n, babbling, XI b 84. 


Bandis. See Bond. 


[Echoic; cf. Blabre.] 


Bane. See Bon. 


Bad(de). See Bidde. 


Baner, . banner, n 294, xiv a 8. 


Bagge, . wallet (for food), vill b 


[OFr. bature.~] 


54. [ON. baggi.] 


Bank(k)es. See Bonk(e). 


Bayarde, . bay horse (as typical 
horse name) ; J>at was bake for 
B. - coarse horse-bread, vill a 


Baptiste, pa. t. baptized, XVI 
75. [OFr. baptiser.-} 
Barbe, n. cutting edge, v 242. 


187. [OFr. baiard.-] See Bred. 


[OFr. barbe, beard, barb (of 


Bayle, Bayll. See Bale. 


arrow, spear, &c ).] 


Bayly, n. dominion, VI 82. 


Bard,//, penned, xvn 328. [OFr. 


[OFr. baillie.'] 


barrer.~] See Barres, Vnbarred. 


Bailyues, . //. bailiffs, managers 
of estates, XI b 288. [OFr. 


Bare, Bair (x), adj. bare, naked, 
V9, 188, vn 164, x 190, &c. ; 


baillif.-] 


on bonkes bare, xiv b 20 ; des- 


Baill, w. 1 wall (of the outer court 


poiled, xiv a 20; bald (in style), 


in a feudal castle), XVI 195; 


vn 74; mere, V 284, X 113. 


Bale, prison, custody, xvi 161 


[OE bser.'} 


(but this may belong to Bale, 


Bar(e), Bare(n). See Bore, . ; 


?..). [OFr. bail.-] 
Baill, w. 2 bundle, X 27. [OFr. 


Bere, v. 
Barely, adv. openly. XI v<$94;sum- 


bale.-] 


marily, vn 68. [OE baerlice.'] 


Bayn, adj. obedient, v 90, XVII 


Baret, . strife, v 47 (see Bend). 


308. [ON. bein -n, direct.] 


[OFr. barat.-] 


Bair. See Bare. 
Bak, Bac (n), Backe, . back, 


~B&rfot,adj. barefoot, II 232. [OE. 

bxr-fotJ] 


11 344, VII 126, xvn 264, &c. ; 


Barga(y)n, n. bargain, vm b 100, 


bak and bone., all over the body, 


xvn 94. [OFr. bargained 


xvn 407. [OE. *.] 


Barge, n. a smaller sea-going ship 


Bake(n), //. baked, villa 187, 


belonging to a larger vessel, 


288, 30:5 ; Ybake(n), vm a 175, 
278. [OE. bacan.'] 


xiv c 53, 65 ; ship, vn 90. 
[OFr. barge.'] 


Bakoun, Bacoun, n. bacon, vill a 


Barly, . (as adj.} barley, villa 


2 79> 34- [OFr. bacun.~\ 
Balde. See Bold. 


129. [OE bttrlic.} 
Barm, n. lap, XV g 13. [OE. 


Bale; Bayle, Bayll (xvn); . 
torment, misery, sorrow, iva 77, 
V35i, VI 13, xiv a 28, xvi 275, 


bearing 
Barm-fellys, . //.leather aprons, 
xv h n. [OE. bearm+fell', 


xvn 26, 31 T, 552, &c. ; at 


cf. beann-da]), &c.] 


XVI 161 'torment' is possible, 


Barne, n. child, vi 66, xvn 308, 


but see Bail, n. 1 [OE. bahi\. 


419 ; barnes bastardes, bastards, 


Bal}, adj. rounded, or 1 with level 


vm b 75. [OE. beam.'] 


surface, V 104 (cf. Sir Gaw. 


Barouns, . //. barons, II 201, 


2032, and Prompt. Parv. balive, 


53 55- lOFr. barun.~\ 


planus). 


Barras, . defensive outwork, 


Balkes, n.pl. (unploughed) ridges 


x 164. [OFr. b'arras.] 



GLOSSARY 



Barres, . //. bars, xvi 190. 

[OFr. barre ] 
Barste. See Brest(e). 
Bastardes, n. pi. bastards; as 

adj., VIII 3 75. [OFr. bastard.'} 
Baston, n. stave, stanza, Intro- 

duction xv. [OFr. baston.] 
Batail(e), Bataill, Batayl, 

Batel(l), . embattled host, 

XIV b 52; battle, VII 56, 91, 

*xi 154, xiv b 31, xvi 131, 

&c. [OFr. bataille.'] 
Bataild, adj. embattled, with 

battlements, II 360. [Modelled 

on OFr. bataille:.'] 
Bath. See BoJ*. 
Batis, . //. boats x 123. [OE. 

Mr.] 

Bape, v. to bathe (trans, and 
intr.), 11585, xiil a 25. [OE. 
bapian.'] 

Baundoun, . control ; / hire 
banndotm, at her disposal, xv c 
8. [OFr. bandnn.'} 

Be, *w*/'. by the time (that), X 157. 
Cf. bi)at. See next. 

Be, Beo (xiv c 44), prep, by (way 
of), IX 179, 192, 198 ; through, 
IX 112, 136, 137; (of time) 
by, at, in, VI 163, IX 204, 339, 
xil a 117, 131, xv i 15, 20; 
by (means of), through, in 22, 
vu 23, ix 67, 130, xn a 23, 
b 199, xvi 355, &c. ; by (of 
agent}, in 30, ix 112 (first), 298, 
305, XII b 217, &c. ; by (in 
oaths, &c.), XII 45, 164. 
Counted. . beo, set value on, xiv 
c 44 ; for idiomatic expressions 
see the nouns. [OE. fe.] SeeEL 

Be-. See also Bi-, By-. 

Becam, Becomen. See Bicome. 

Beclipte, fa. t. embraced, XII 
a 178 ; Byclypped, //. en- 
circled, XIII a 21. [OE. be- 
- 



Bede, v. to bid, offer, v 254, XIV a 
9 ; Bede, pa. t. sg. (bade), v 22 ; 
offered, 180, 284. [OE. beodan, 
early confused with biddan.~] 
See Bidde, Forbede. 

Bed(e). See Bidde. 

Bedd(e), Bede (iv), . bed, II 



93, 242, xn a 99, &c. ; dot. sg. 
in to bedde, to bed, vm a 93, 
XII b 105 ; J>e bedeo/blysse,1\he 
joyful bridal bed (of Christ and 
the soul), iv a 1 1. [OE. bedd.~] 
See Abedde. 

Bedes, . //. prayers, 1 16. [OE. 
ge-bed.~\ 

Bedeyn. See Bidene. 

Bedele, . herald, one who delivers 
the message of an authority, XI b 
48. [OE. bydel; OFr. bedel.'] 

Bedreden, . //. the bedridden, 
Vina 185, b 21. [OE. bedd- 
reda.~] 

Bee, Bees. See Ben. 

Beest. See Best(e), . 

Befalle, v. to happen, chance, 
ix 129, &c. ; to befall, xvn 
514; pa. t. sg. Befell(e), vu 
67, 155 ; Bevil, Bifel, it 
chanced, II 57, III 41 ; Be- 
falle^), //. II 21, IX 194. 
[OE. be-fallan.'] See Falle(n). 

Begge, to beg, villa 186, 233, 
b 29, &c. [1 OE. bedecian ; see 
NE.D.'] 

Begger(e), . beggar, n 483, 499, 
vm a 188, 197, &c. [See 
N.E.D.-} 

Begyn(ne), Bigin(ce), By- 
gyn(ne), &c., v. to begin, act, 
do, come about, I 69, iv^57, 
vi 187, vina 160, xiv// 25, 
^83, xvi 268, 280, xvn 267, 
&c. ; begyn of, b. with, xvn 
253 ; Be-, Bi-, Bygan, pa. t. 
sg: began, I 154, &c. ; did, xv 
a 77 came to pass, II 598 ; 
made (it) in the beginning, 
XVII 29 ; Bygan,/a. /.//. I 72 ; 
Bygonne, vi 189; Begouth, 
X94; Begonne, //. ix 171; 
Be-, Bygynnyng^e), . iv 
b 58, IX 334, xin 69. [OE be- 
giimon ; begouth is due to con- 
fusion of gait with can (coupe) ; 
See Gan ; Can, anxil.~\ 

Begynnar, Bygynner, . begin- 
ner, causer, vi 76, XVII 406. 
[From prec.] i 
Begon, //. adorned, xiia 54. 
[OE. be-gan.-] 



GLOSSARY 



Begonne.Begouth. ^Begynne. 
Be}onde, adv. beyond, further on, 

IX 263, 280. [OE. be-geondanl} 
Be^onde, Be^ounde (l), Bi- 

}onde (v),//. across, beyond, 

i 252, v 132, ix 8, 76, 135, &c. ; 

see See. [As prec.] 
Behald(e). See Bihold. 
Behalue, . behalf ; on Goddes b., 

in God's name, I 78. [Originally 

be prep, and halfe dat. sg. ; cf. 

Half.] 
Beheste, . promise, XII b 196. 

[OE. (late) Mte] See Heste. 
Behete. See Bihote. 
Behevin,//. hewn down, x 163. 

[OE. be-heawan.~\ 
Behielde, -helde. See Bihold. 
Behihtest. See Bihote. 
Behynd, prep, behind, x 85 ; as 

sb., xvii 331. [OE. be-klndan.~] 
Behufit. See Bihoue. 
Beie. See Bigge, v. 
Beyn, Beyng. See Be(n). 
Beytter, n. healer, xvn 311. 

[From Bete, . 2 ] 
Belamy, Bellamy, . good friend 

(ironically), xvi 213, 338. [OFr. 

bel ami.] 
Beleeve, n. belief, ix 289. [OE. 

ge-leafa, with change of prefix.] 
Beleue, Bileue, v. to believe, 

I 89, vina 82, ix 120, xv g 9. 

[OE. g<-lefan, (late) be-lffan.} 

See Lene, .; Ylefde. 
Belyue, adv. quickly, at once, 

straightway, vn 161, xvi 211 ; 

Belife.xvn 192 ; Bilyue, V3; 

Blyue, IX 18; Bliue, in also 

bliue, II 142, a Is bliue , II 531, 

584, as quickly as possible, 

immediately. [OE. *be life.'} 
Bellewys, n. pi. bellows, xv h 6. 

[OE. belgas, pi.] 
Ben, v. to be, II 207, vin a 96, 

&c.; Be(e), i 4, xvi 7, &c.; 

Buen, xvc 18; future, 2 j-. 

Beat, II 173; 3 sg. Bees, iva 

35, xvn 373, Betj, vi 251 ; 

//. Be, v 43, XVI 331 ; fres.pl. 

Be(n), are, II 3, 4, 12, &c. ; 

Beo, xiv c 5 ; BeoJ>, xiv c 103 ; 

Beth, BeJ), II 59, no, 273, 582, 



vin a 199, xv/ 5 ; BuJ, Xlli a 
i, 6, 10, 13, &c. ; Be(e), Beo, 
pres. subj., n 165, 433, xivc 98, 
fl?3,&c.; Ben, xi 73, 218, &c.; 
Be(o), imper. 2 j^. xv^- io,/7, 
&c.; 3 sg. iv a 55; pi. \nia 
1 18, xiv d ii (first) ; Be, //. I 
195, vin b 74, xi a 44, xn a 20, 
xvn 192, &c. ; Ben, II 103, 
vi96, &c. ; Bene, V275, XVI 
40 ; Beyn, xvn 445, 532 ; Ybe, 

XIII a 16; Beyng, pres. p. in 
in hytself beyng, inherent, VI 86. 
Ben (drepit, &c.), have been 
(smitten, &c.), VII 9, n ; be(e} 
war, see War(e) ; lete ben, &c., 
cease from, II 114, xvi 234. 
[OE. be-on.-] See Ar(e), Es, Was, 
&c. 

Bend, v. x 90, 98, xvn 253 ; 
Bende, pa. t. xil a 58, *l 
1 88 (MS. banned); Bende,//. 
v 47, 156 ; Bendit, x 80. The 
divergent senses are all derived 
from the original one of string- 
ing, bending, a bow : ! to bind, 
*I 1 88 (note) ; to set ready for 
discharging, x 80, 90, 98; to 
make curve, bend, v 156, XII a 
58, XVII 253; ?to make bow, 
bring low, beat down, in hatj. . . 
on bent much baret bende, ? has 
upon the field overcome much 
strife (many opponents), v 47. 
[OE. bendan.-} 

Bene, adv. pleasantly, v 334. 
[Not known.] 

Bene, . bean, vm 175, 188, 
209, 278, 288, 298, ix 54; as 
something of no value (cf. pees}, 

XIV c 43. [OE, bean.-} 
Banedicite (L. imper. //.) bless 

(me, us) ; as exclamation of 
amazement, xvn 163. 

Benethe(n), Beneyth (xvn), 
adv. underneath, IX 56, xvn 
137 ; in the lower part, IX 247. 
[OE. beneolan.-} 

Benome. See Binam. 

Bent, . grass-slope, field, v 165 ; 
esp. in the allit. tag on bent, on 
the field (of battle), or (as 
variant of vpon groundt, &c.) 



GLOSSARY 



On earth, V 47, 80, VI I 91 ; on 
pis dent, here, v 270. [Perhaps 
a special use of bent, bent-grass, 
OE. beonet.'} 

Beo, Beop. See Ben ; Beo, prep. 

Berd(e), n. beard, n 265, 507, 
585, v 160. [OE. biard^ 

Ber(e), v, to bear, carry, wear, lift, 
take; to hold, possess, keep ; to 
give birth to, produce ; v 83, 
Viii a 136, 1x69, 109, xn a 197, 
XIII a 51, xvn 318, &c. ; 2 sg. 
subf. vi 106 ; Berth, 3 sg.pres. 
ind. XII a 81 ; Bar(e),/0. t. sg. I 
I46,vm a 93, xiv c 23, 59, xv i 
3; Ber, v 193, vi 66; Baren, 
pi. ix 148 ; Bere, n 307 ; Bore, 
//. I 85, ii 210 ; Born(e), n 41, 
v 252, 326, xiv b 12, &c.; 
Ybore, Ii 546 ; Yborn, Ii 174. 
Bar pe flour, see Flour ; b. pe 
felajschip, keep thee company, 
v 83 ; the depnes ...we here, the 
depth (of water) we draw, XVII 
434, 460 ; born open, laid open, 
v 2 (cf. OE. beran up). [OE. 
heron.] See Forbere. 

Bere, n. 1 clamour, outcry, I 75, 
II 78, XVI 214. [OE. ge-b&re'.] 

Bere, . 2 byre, cattle-stall, xv/4. 
[OE. byre.] 

Bere-bag, . bag-carrier, a con- 
temptuous nickname for Scots, 
Xiv a 20 (note). [Stem of Bere v. 
+ ON. baggi.~\ See Bagge. 

Ber3(e), . mound, v 104, no. 
[OE. be(o}rg.-] 

Ber}e, v. to protect, III inlrod. 
[OE. be(p)rgan.~\ 

Berien, n. pi. berries, n 258 (note). 
[OE. beri(g)e.-\ 

Beringe, n. birth, in introd. 
[From Bere, z>.] 

Berking, pres. p. barking, II 286. 
[OE. be(o}rcan.'] 

Bernakes, n. pi. barnacle-geese 
IX 147 (note). [Anglo-L. ber- 
tiaca, OFr. bernaqueJ] 

Bernes, n. pi. barns, villa 177. 
[OE. ber(e]n.1 

Berth. See Bere, v. 

Besele*, adv. earnestly, xvn 240. 
[OE. bisig + -lice.'} See Bysy. 



Besy(nes). See Bysy(nes). 

Besyde. See Bisyde. 

Beso(u)ghte. See Biseche. 

Best.e), adj. superl. best, \\ a 84, 
vill a 197, ix 42, &c. ; as sb., 
best (food), vin a 295 ; do pi 
(doj> jour} best, see Don ; toyth 
pe beste, among the best (people), 
with the saints, IV a 4 ; adv. best, 
most readily, most, VIII a 81, 
107, xvn 472, &c. ; pe best, 
vin 022. [OE. deist.'] 

Best, v. See Ben. 

Best(e), . animal, creature, n 
214, 280, vin a 134, ix 88, 

XII a 78, &c. ; Beest, xvn 3, 
1 35, &c. [OFr. beste.} 

Beswyke, Byswyke, v . to cheat, 
iv a 1 3, vi 208. [Q.fo*tt<fta*.] 

Bet, adv. compar. ; predic. in he 
was pe bet, he was better off 
on that account, vill b 100. 
[OE. bet."] See Best(e), Betre. 

Bete, v. 1 to beat, I 6, vin a 73, 
XVII 407 ; betes the stretes, fre- 
quents the streets, xiv a 25 ; 
Bette, pa. t. sg. villa 171; 
Byete, pa. t. subj. sg. in 40 
(OE. bcote}; Bet,//, xvn 413 ; 
Betin, Betyn, xiv a 8, xvii 
381. [OE. bSatan.'] See For- 
bette. 

Bete, f. 2 to assuage, remedy, IV a 
77, vni a 233, xiv a 28, 29. 
[OE betan.] See Beytter. 

Betj, Betidde. See Ben, Bitide. 

Betraied, pp. betrayed, xvi 331. 
[be- + Qr. trair.~] 

Bet(e)re, Better(e), Bettre, adj. 
compar. better, ii 40, XI. b 37, 

XIII a 60, XV c 33, &c. ; him 
were betre, it would be b. for 
him, XII b 101 ; pat -war better, 
for whom it would be b., xiv a 
32 ; adv. better, XI b 275, xiv d 
14, &c.; rather, XI b 288; pe 
better, all the better (for it), v 28, 
XVI1 353 I as conj., so that . . . 
(the) better, vill a 46, XVII 175. 
[OE. betera, bet(t}ra, adj.] 

Bette. See Bete, v. 1 
Betweche, v. ? to commit (to pro- 
tection of God), xv*' 1 8. < Only 



GLOSSARY 



in this passage ; perhaps an error 
for becweihe (bequeath, commit), 
or beteche (see Bitaiste). 

Betwen(e), Bytuene (xv), 
Bytwene/r/. between, among, 
IX 162, 166, xn a 68, b 89, xv c 
i, &c. ; (follows case), v 174, 
vil 91. [OE. betweon(an).~\ 

Betwix, Bitwixe, 'prep, between, 
xi a 32, xvn 185. [Q\L.be-twix.~\ 

Be]), Beth. See Ben. 

Bevil. See Befalle. . 

Beuore. See Bifor. 

Beweile, v. refi. to lament, xil a 
32. \be~ + ON. *veila; ci.veilan, 
lamentation.] 

Bewycche, v. to bewitch, IX 86. 
[OE. be + wiccian.'} 

Bewounde,//. ; it hath b., wound 
(itself) about it, xil b 72. [OE. 



Bewty, . beauty, XVII 20. [OFr. 
beaut e.~\ 

By, adv. at the side, by ; alongside 
(without coming on board), xvil 
373 ; /a/ ... by, by which, ix 
300. [OE. bi.~] See J*r(e). 

Bi, By,//. (i) On, at, by, II 156, 
470, vin a 167, xv^ 16, xvn 
75, &c. ; bi... side, beside, n 66, 
v 76 ; by (way of), over, through, 
i 62, v 10, 16, 52, 93, x u, 
XVII 477 ; along (with), beside, 
II 280, 308, V 9, vin a 4, &c. ; 
(following its case) n 301, V 21, 
xvil 18; against, touching, v 
242 ; past, II 252, 290, v 36, 39. 
(ii) In, on, for (of time), II 8, 
15, vin a 95. 274, xv a 24, &c. ; 
see Dai, While, (iii) Measured 
by, compared with, according 
to, &c., v 28, 158, 296, 297, 
vma 35, 58, 159, 248, 57, 
xi b 5, &c. (iv) By (means of), 
through, &c., II 408, VII 6, &c. ; 
by virtue of, XI b 20 ; lyue by, 
&c., live on, n 257, vm a 284, 
b 26 ; by (of agent), XI a 59, &c. 
(v) By (in oaths, &c.), II 316, 
V 54, &c. Bi al ping, by every 
token, n 321, 375; by so, pro- 
vided that, VIII b 40 ; bi pan, 
thereby, or thereupon (cf after 



Pan), n 553; bipat, thereupon, 
v 84 ; by that time, VIII a 285 ; 
as con/'., by the time that, villa 
294. [OE.*?.] See Be. 

By. See Bigge. 

Bi-, By-. See Be-. 

Bible, n. bible, vma 227, xi b 
230, &c. [OFr. bible.} 

Bycause (of), prep, because (of), 
XIII b 16 ; bycausc, because pat, 
(conj.) because, xm b 61, 62, 
1x114,226. [Be, Bi + Cause, 
?..] 

Biche, n. bitch, xiv b 78. [OE. 
bicce.] 

Byclypped. See Beclipte. 

Bicome, Become, v. to arrive; 
become; befit ; hyt bycomep for, 
it befits, vin b 65 ; Becam,/a. 
t. sg. xil b 13 ; Becomen, pi. 
IX 148; Bicome, n 288; Bi- 
come,//. n 194 ; wherschewas 
bicome, ivhider pai bicome, u'her 
he becam, what had become (be- 
came) of her (them, him), n 194, 
288, xn b 13. [OE. be-cuman.\ 

Bidde, Bydde, Bid, v. to pray, 
beg, VIII a 233 ; to bid, I 265, 
vi 160, vma 210, xi 3 79, xn a 
48, xiv a" 3, xvi 118, xvn 418, 
&c. ; Bad(de), pa. t. sg. bade, 
xn a 46, xv i 16, xvi 201, xvn 
309, &c. ; bad to, bade, XII b 87; 
Bed, prayed to, III 46 (OKt. 
bed) ; Bad,//, n 88, 137; Bede, 
pp xn a 42 (prayed), 101 (com- 
manded). [OE. biildan ; the 
confusion with btodan began in 
OE.] A*Bede. 

Bidderes, n. pi. beggars, mendi- 
cants, VIII a 197. [OE. bid- 
dere.~] 

Byd(d)yng, Bidding, n. bidding, 
commands, I 86, xvi 257, xvn 
76, 121, 375. [From Bidde.] 

Bide, Byde, v. to abide (intr. 
remain, trans, await, face, en- 
dure), V 2 24, vi 39, xiv c 21,47, 
xvi 23, 207, &c. [OE. bldan.~] 
See Abide. 

Bidene, Bydene, Bedeyn (xvn), 
adv. forthwith, withal (often 
meaningless), vil 79, 127, xiv* 



GLOSSARY 



74, XVH 442 ; al bident, 
ii. [See N.E.D.} 

Bye, Byete. See Bigge, Bete, v. 1 

Bifel. See Befalle. 

Bifor(e), Byforn, Befor(e), Be- 
uore, &c., adv. before (hand), 
II 147, VII 121, &c ; eir befor, 
X 140; as s6., XVII 331 ; prep. 
before, in presence of, &c., II 42, 
in 58, v 4, ix 126, &c. ; (of 
time) VI 238, XI b 48, &c. ; 
bifore pat, before (conj.), xi b 
195 ; Byfore, conj. (with snbj.), 
before, vi 1 70. [OE. be-foran.] 

Big, Bigge, v. to take up one's 
abode ; to big his boure, to 
establish his dwelling, xiv 26; 
bigges him . settles himself, XI V b 
24. \QN.byggja.~] S*fBiging. 

Bigsn, Began, Sec. See Begynne. 

Bigge, Bygge, adj. strong, lusty, 
big, iv a 51, v 33, vi 14, vn 
139, vm a 207. [See N.E.D.'} 

Bigge, v. to buy, purchase, pay 
for, redeem, villa 275; Beie, 
XII b 24; By(e), iv a 65, IX 
"3; Byye, vi 118; Bugge, 
XV 3 ; pa. t. Boght, iv 38 ; 
Bou^te, vm a 201 ; Bouhte, 
vmZ> 100 ; Boght,//. iva 80, 
XII* 153, XVII 373; Bought(e), 

XVI 8, 275 ; Iboust, xv,f 26 (see 
App. p. 278) ; it bees boght full 
dere, you will pay for it dearly, 

XVII 373- [ E bycgan, (Kt.) 
becgan.~\ See Abugge. 

Byggynge, n. buying, IX 90. 

[From prec.] See Bying. 
Bigile, Bygyle, v. to deceive, 

v 345, 348, 359, xiv b 44. [OE. 

be- + OFr. gutter. .] See Gile. 
Biging, n. dwelling, XIV a 20. 

[From Big, .] 
Bygonne, &c. See Begynne. 
Bigruccheth, 3 sg.pres. grumbles 

at, vm a 69. [OE. be- + OFr. 

groucher.~\ See Grucche. 
Byje, .ring, VI 106. [OE. beg.~\ 
Bihold, Behald(e), v. to behold, 

look, ii 387, 502, iv a 81, xvn 

509, 534, &c. ; bihold on, behold 

to, look at, n 367, xvii 343; 

Beholdes, imper.pl., XVI 195 ; 



Behelde, pa. t. sg. VII 64; 
Biheld, II 101, 320, 323, 530; 
Behielde, //. xna 164; Bi- 
hold, -holde(n\//. ii 409,417, 
xn b 116. [OE. be-hdldan.] 
See Holde(n). 

Bihote, Byhote, v. to promise, 
vow, villa 227 ; byhote God, I 
vow to God, vm a 273; Be- 
hihtest, 2 sg. pa. t. XII b 43 ; 
Behete, //. xvn 430; Bihot, 
XV a 20. [OE. be-hdtan.'} See 
Hote. 

Bihoue, v. to need ; impers. in 
me bihoues, I must, it is time for 
me to, v 228; pers. in Bus, 
2 sg. pres. ; J>ou bus be, you 
ought to be, xvi 338 ; Behufit, 
pa. t. had need (to), X 156. 
[OE. be-hofian ; with the reduced 
form bus cf. has, hast, &c.] 

Byye. See Bigge. 

Bying, . redemption, XVI 12. 
[From By, to buy. See Bigge, 



[OFr. 



Biis, n. fine linen, II 242. 
bysse.'] 

B iknowe, Byknowe, z>. to confess, 
V 317 (Ib.yow, I confess to you), 
vm b 96 ; Beknowen, //. in 
POU art b. of, you have confessed , 
V 323. [OE. be-cndwan, only 
recorded in sense ' know '.] 

Bile, Bill (xvn), . beak, xila 
182, xvn 508. [OE. bile.} 

Byled, pa. t. boiled, bubbled, 
v 14 ; Boyled, //. v 106. 
[OFr. boillir\ for similar de- 
velopment of vowel in v, see 
Nye, Disstryej.] 

Bylyue, . food, vm b 21, 29. 
[OE. bl-leofa.'] 

Bylongeth, v. impers. it belongs 
to, befits, vm b 70. [Be- + 
Longe, . 2 ] 

Bilow, v. to humble, villa 223. 
[Formed on Lowe adj.'] 

Bilt, n. dwelling, *ll 483 (MS. 
ybilt, but required sense ' lodged' 
is unexampled). [Obscurely rel. 
to ME. bilden, build; see 
N.E.D ^ 

Binam, pa. t. sg in b. \hym~\ his 



GLOSSARY 



tnnam, deprived him of his 
talent, vin a 237 ; Benome, pp. 
in b.Jiepoure ane petty, deprived 
the poor of a penny, in 13. 
[OE. be-niman.~\ See Nyme. 
Bynde, v. to bind, unite, iva 54, 
XVI 97 ; Bond, pa. t. sg. xn b 
1 20 (but sb. = trosse is possible ; 
see Bonde, .); Ybounde, //. 
II 394. [OE. b'mdan.'] See 
Vnbynde. 

Biqueste, n. (bequest), will, villa 
79. [OE. *be-cwiss, related to 
be-cweban, bequeath; cf. Heste.] 

Bir, Byr, Bur (v), n. a following 
wind, vii 126; speed (in with 
a byr, speedily) xvn 371 ; vio- 
lence, v 254; strength, v 193. 
[ON. byr-r.} 

Byrd. See Bricl(d). 

Bireue, v. to deprive; I wil it 
hym b., I will deprive him of 
it, vin a 242. [OE. be-reafian, 
be-refan.-} 

Byrye, v. to bury, 1 137, 140, 142, 
144. [OE. byrigan.} 

Byrne, Burne, v. trans, and intr. 
to burn, x 2 1 (rime with in re- 
quires Bryn, q. v.}, x 181, &c. ; 
Byrnand, pres.p. IV a 26, x 27, 
30. [OE. dirnan, byr nan, &c., 
intr.] See Bren, Brin. 

Byrthen, . burden, IV a 49. 
[OE. tyrjett.] 

Biseche, Bysech, Beseche, v. to 
implore, n 113, 453, vi 30, ix 
269, 328, Ml a 38 ; Besoghta, 
pa. t. xii 026; Besoughte, ix i 
294. [OE. be + secan.'] .SteSeche. I 

Biseme}, v. impers. it suits, v 1 23. | 
[Be- + .Seme, q.v.'} 

Bisyde, Besyde, adv. at the side, 
at one's side, hard by, I 209, v 20, 
162, XII b 125. [OE. be sldan, 
at the side.] 

Biside(n), Be-, Bysyde,/>r/>. be- 
side, XI b 57 ; (following its case) 
I 243, n 303, v 197, xiv b 28, 
&c. See prec. 

Bisides, Bisydej, adv. at the 
side(s), round about, II 401, 
V 96. [Prec. + adv. -.] 

Bisides, Bysydes, prep, beside, 



near, xin a 10 ; (following 
pron.) II 281. [As prec.] 

Bysy(e), Bysie, Besy (aboute), 
adj. busy, occupied (with, in), 
XI b 252, 287, 289, 293, 297. 
[OE. bisig.~] 

Bysynes(se), Besynes (iv), n. 
restlessness, IV b 28 ; industry, 
XIH b 24 ; worldly b. attention 
to worldly affairs, XI b 2, 309 ; 
b. of worldly occupation, pre- 
occupation- with w. affairs, XI b 
251. [OE. bisig+-nes.~\ 

Bis(s)chop, Bysshop(p)e , Bis- 
soppe, . bishop, i 246, in 58 
(dat. sg.~), VIII a 143, b 74, xi 
66, &c. [OE. biscop.} 

Byswykej. See Beswyke. 

Biswynke, v. to earn with toil, 
VIII a 207. [OE. be-swincan.~] 

Bitaiste (= bitaihte), pa. t. en- 
trusted, x v g 2 1 . [OE. bctxcan, 
pa. t. bet&hte\ on spelling see 
App. p. 278.] 

Byte, v. to bite, xvn 229 ; apon 
the bone shal it byte, it shall cut 
to the bone, xvn 220. [OE. 
bit an.'} 

Bitide, Bytyde, &cc.,v. tohappen ; 
to happen to, befall, vi 37 ; 
pres. subj. v 1 27, 315, 341, xiv 
13 ; Betidde,//. xvi 100 ; tide 
wat bitide, come what may, II 
339. [OE. fe + ///.] See 
Tide. 

Bityme, adv. in all bilyme, in 

food time, XIV b 27. [From 
i tyine, in time; cf. OE. to 
timan."\ See Tyme. 

Bitte, Bytte, n. cutting edge, 
V 242 ; blade V 156. [ON. bit, 
cutting edge ; OE. bite, a cut.] 

Bittir, Bytter, adj. bitter, IV* 
37 ; salt (of water), IX 244 ; 
grievous, xivc 68, xvi 207, &c. 
[OE. bitter.'] 

Bytuene. See Betwene. 

Bytwyste, prep, between (follow- 
ing its noun), vi 104. [A form 
of ME. be-twixt(e], extended 
from Betwix, q.v.~\ 

Biwyled, //. deluded, V 357. 
[! OE. be + wiglian ; cf. be- 



GLOSSARY 



wijeiicn, Layamon 969.] See 
Wiles. 

Blabre, v. to babble, XI b 248. 
[Echoic ; cf. Babelynge, Blubre.] 

Blac, Blak, adj. black, II 265, 
IX 23, XII a 99 ; rowe and bloc, 
with shaggy black hair, II 459 ; 
Blake, oblique and //. IX 4, 
XII a 137, xv c 14. [OE. blsecj\ 

Blame, . blame; scolding, xvil 
399 ; v. to blame, V 300, ix 
374 (mistranslation ; see note), 
&c. ; to blame, in the wrong, 
XIV b 85. [OFr. bla(s}me; 
bla(s)mer.~] 

Blan. See Blynne. 

Blasphemye (to), n. blasphemy 
(against), XI b 1 1 o. [OFr. bias- 
femie.} 

Blawene. See Blowe. 

Ble, Bleo (xv), n. hue, com- 
plexion, in brijt on ble, fair of 
face, II 455 ; radiance, xv b 16. 
[OE. bleo.~] 

Blede, v. to bleed, xiv c 13 ; 
Bled(de), pa. t. \ 119, II 80. 
[OE. bledan.] 

Blefte. See Bleue. 

Blende,/^. /. mingled, in blende in 
his face, rose to his cheeks, 
v 303 ; Blent,//, in blent . ..in 
blyssc, set amidst joy, VI 25. 
[ME. blenden obscurely related 
to OE. bldndan, or ON. blanda.~] 
See Vnblendyde. 

Blended, //. deluded, V 351. 
[OE. bltndan.] See Blyndi)>. 

Blenk, v. to gleam, v 247. [OE. 
*blencan, possibly identical with 
recorded blencan, to cheat ; for 
ME. blenchen, blenken, &c. = to 
gleam, look at, glance aside, 
blench, cheat. Compare Glent, 
Glyfte.] 

Blent, Bleo. See Blende, Ble. 

Blepeliche, adv. gladly, III 53. 
[? Obscure alteration of OE. 
blipeiice.'] 

Bleue, v. to remain ; pres. subj. 
Ill introd. ; Blefte, pa. t. Ill 18. 
[OE. belxfan.'] See Leue, v. 1 

Bleuj, Blew. See Blowe. 

Blew, . blue (stuff), xvn 200 



(note); cled in Sta/ord biew, 
beaten black and blue; cf. clot 'he 
here well yn Stafford bleiae, Rel. 
Ant, I, p. 39. [OFr. bleu.'] 
See Blwe. 

Blynde, adj. pi. blind, deluded, 
XI* 79 ; as sb., the blind, villa 
115,185. [OE.Mw?.] 

Blyndip, 3 sg. pres. (blinds), 
deludes, xi b 7, 107. [OE. 
bltndan infl. by blind, adj.] 
See Blended. 

Blyndnesse, n. blindness, xi b 
221. [OE. blindnes.'] 

Blyn(ne) (of}, v. to cease (from), 
iv a 39, v 354, xvi 16, 336, 
XVII 1 10 (or I blyn = without 
stopping) ; Blan, pa. t. pi. I 73. 



Blis(se), Blys(se), . happiness, 
joy, iv a II, 40, VI 12, xiv b 
19, XV b 3, &c. ; ashaue Iblys, 
so may I have (eternal) joy, 
XVII 402. [OE. bliss.~\ 

Bliss(e), Blesse, v. to bless, I 
introd., VI 76, XVI 400, 404, 
XVII 174, 256, 300, 467; bless 
with sign of the cross, V 3, 
XII b 86 j Blist, //. XVII 514. 
[OE. blstsian, already infl. by 
blitsian, blissian, to gladden.] 

Blisseful, Blysful, adj. joyous, 
II 41 2, 438, vi 49; as ^..blissful 
one, VI 61 ; *Blissefulest(MS. 
blifulest), superl. n 527. [OE 
bliss +//.] 

Blissing, -yng, n. blessing, xvi 
401, xvii 178. [OE. towing."] 
See Blis(se). 

Blipe, Blype, Blith (xiv b\ adj. 

ha PPy g lad v 2 53> XIV b 49 J 
blipe of, glad at, II 573 ; patow 
be blipe o/hir, that you may have 
joy of her, II 471. [OE. bllfe.] 

Blypely, happily, VI 25. [OE. 
blipelice.'] See BleJ>eliche. 

Bliue, Blyue. See Belyne. 

Bio, adj. black and blue, XVII 
413. [ON. bld-r.] 

Blod(e), Bloode, n. blood, I 1 19, 
V 246, IX 141, XV g 16, XVI 
12, &c. ; creature, xn 220; 
byndes blade and bam, keeps the 



GLOSSARY 



body together, iv a 54. [OE. 


76 (cf. Buxome, and Lowte). 


A0&] 


[OE. biigan.} 


Blodi, Blody, adj. bloody, II no, 


Boyes, . //. fellows, knaves, xvi 


iv a 80, 86, &cl ; blody bretheren, 


97. M5' [Obscure.] 


brothers in blood, fellow men, 


Boyled. See Byled. 


viii a 201. [OE. blodig^ 


Bok(e), Boc, n. book, III introd., 


Blom, n. flower, perfection, VI 


vn 14, 65, IX 294, xi b 229, 


218. [ON. blom, blimi.} 


&c. ; Bible, VIII a 248, b 39 ; 


Blosme(n), . //. flowers, blos- 


Bible, or other book (as a book 


soms, II 61, xv b 2. [OE. 


of the Gospels, a psalter, &c.) 


bldsma.~\ 


on which an oath could be taken, 


Blowe(n), v. to blow, vii 106, 


xn 165. [OE. boc.] 


XIII a 7, XV A 6, &c. ; to brag, 


Bold(e), Balde, adj. bold, n 139, 


XIV c 101 ; Bleuj./a. /. sg. xiv c 


IV a 51, 83, &c. ; and that be ye 


77 ; Blew, vn 130, (sounded the 


bold, and be sure of that, xvn 


trumpet) X 43 ; Blawene, pp. 


524; Boldely, adv. xvi 178. 


iv b 13. [OE. bid-wan."] 


[OE. bdld.} 


Bloweing, n. blowing (of horns), 


Boldyng, n. encouragement, vn 


II 285. [OE. blawwig.^. 


14. [From prec.; cf. OE. bdl- 


Blubred, fa. t. bubbled, v 106. 


dian, intr.] 


[Echoic; cf. Blabre.] 


Bole, n. bull ; in bole-hyde, bull's 


Blunder, n. trouble, confusion, 


hide, xv h \ i. [ON. boli.~\ 


xvn 406. [Not known.] 


Bollyng, . swelling ; for b. of her 


Blwe, adj. blue, vi 63. [OFr. 


wombe, to prevent the swelling 


bleu.'} See Blew. 


of their bellies, vin a 209. [ME. 


Bo, adv. as well, too, 1127. [OE. 


bolle-n, bolne-n, ON. bolgna.} 


ba, adj. neut.] See Bo}>e. 


Bolted,//, bolted, shackled, VIII a 


Boc-house, n. dot. sg. library, III 


130. [From OE. bolt, n.] 


introd. [OE. boc-hus.} See 


Bon(e), Bane, n. bone, n 54, iva 


Bok(e). 


54, vnia 85, ix 141, xvii 220, 


BodeJ), 3 sg.pres. predicts, por- 
tends, xiil a 62. [OE. bodian.~\ 


2 53, &c. ; see Bak, Blod(e), 
Bodi, Flesch. [OE. ban.-} 


Bodi(e), Body, n. body, I 113, 


Bond. See Bynde. 


II 105, XVI 23, &c. ; gon onbodi 


Bond(e), n. bond ; bond to sheues, 


and bones, be in the flesh, live, 


the straw binding for sheaves, 


II 54. [OE. fcrffc] 
Bodyly, Bodely, adj. of (the) 


VIII b 14 ; her bonde, the bond- 
age they imposed, xiv c 47 ; 


body, bodily (opposed to ' spiri- 


Bandis, //. bonds, XVI 190, 


tual'), vi 1 18, XI b 147, 158, &c.; 


196; Our Lady's bonds, preg- 


bodely almes, (giving of) chari- 


nancy, xvn 209 (see N.E.D., 


table gifts for the needs of the 


s.v. Sand, Bond). [ON. 


body, XI b 2, 270, 301, 303. 


band.} 


[From prec.] 
Boffet, n. buffet, V 275. [OFr. 


Bond(e)men, n. pi. bondmen, 
serfs, Vina 46, 69; Boiide- 


buffet, .] 


menne, ?. //. vm<$ 74. [OE. 


Bogh, Bo^e} (//. v), BouJ (n), 


bonda (from ON.^o'waV) + matin, 


n. bough , branch , 1 1 6 1 , v 9, X v a 


influenced in sense by prec. 


14, xvn 535. [OE. %;] 


(etymol. unconnected).] 


Boght. See Bigge, v. 


Bone, n. boon, request, I 131. 


Bo^e, v. to bend, bow ; turn, go, 


[ON. .] 


v no ; Bojen,/a. (.pi. turned, 


Bonk(e), Bonkke, Bank(k)e, 


went their way, v 9 ; Bowand, 


n. bank, xilla 40; shore, VII 


pres.p. (bowing), obedient, XVII 


126; hill-side, v 9, 14,94, 97> 


2 



GLOSSARY 



104, 132, 149, Xiv b 20. [ON. 


(misplaced) xil a 79 (note), 


bakki, older *banke] 
Bood-worde, n. tidings, xvi 366. 


105 ; lotyit (jeif), and yet, X 95, 
xvn 35, 64, 213. [OE. butan, 


[Stem of OE. badian + word ; 


bate] 


cf. ON. boS-orC, command.] 


Bot(e), n. cure, redress, salva- 


Boosts. See Boste. 


tion, iv a 7, vm a 187, xivc 


Bord(e), . board, xil a 92, XVII 


84; bote of. cure for, II 552. 


119, 279; table, 11578, Vina 


[OE. hot] 


262. [OE. bard.] 


Botel, n. bottle, vm b 54. [OFr. 


Bore, Bare (xiv), '. boar, vm a 


botel] 


31 , xiv b 19, 25, 49, 87. [OE. 


Botened,//. cured, i 241, villa 


bar.] 


185. [Formed on Bot(e), .] 


Bore; Born(e). See Bere, v. 


Bop(e), Both, Bath (iv, x), adj. 


Borelych, a<lj. stout, V 80 ; mas- 


and pron. both, iva 56, V 315, 


sive, v 156. [Obscure.] 


vi 13 ; in hem bope (after nega- 


Borgh, Borugh, n. town, VIII a 


tive), in either of them, XI b 27 ; 


301 ; in borugh, among towns- 


vs both, us two, XVII 185 ; on 


folk,xiv</4. [OE.burg,buruh.~\ 
Borne, Burn, n. stream, v 106, 


bath halfis, on both sides, x 198 ; 
vpon boj>e halue, on either side, 


Xiv a 2; Buerne, flood, sea (an 


V 2, 97 ; as adv. (originally pron. 


allit. use), vn 159. [OE. 


in apposition), as well, too, 


bAnu] 


V 306, vm a 1 19, 162, 252, 274, 


Borow, n. surety ; 1 dar be thi b., 


b 46 ; bop(e) . . and, bath . . and, 


I'll go bail (for yon), xvn 204. 


both . . and, I 53, II 86, IV a 66, 
&c. [ON. baSi-r.~] See Bo. 


Borwed, pa. /.borrowed, n 499, 


Bobem, n. bottom, v 77. [OE. 


VIII 093. [OE. borgian] 
Boste, Booste (xvi), . boasting, 


botm, *bopm (still NWM.) ; cf. 
bytme, bybme] 


xiv a 20 ; pride, xiv a 8 ; arro- 


Bou;. See Bogh. 


gance, xiv b 85, xvi 214. [Ob- 


Bou^te, Bouhte, &c. See Bigge,^ 


scure.] 


Boun(e), Bowne, adj. ready, iv a 


Boste, v. to boast, xiv c 101 ; 


81, xiv a 9, xvi 201 ; prompt, 


Boating, . boasting, xiv a 9. 


xvi 257 ; make youe b., prepare 


[Obscure.] 


yourselves, arm, xvi 178 ; make 


Bot(e), But, adv. only, but, II 


pe b., hasten, xvi 339 ; walj 


328, iv a 32, v 97, vi 22, vm a 


nawhere b., was not to be found 


276, ix 17, x 159, xni a 38, 


anywhere, vi 1 74. [ON. bian-n, 


&c. [OE. butan] See next, 


biin-.] See Busk. 


and Boute. 


Bount6, excellence, xv c 26. 


Bot(e), But, conj. (i) Except, but, 


[OFr. bontt] 


vi 136, vm b 9, ix 198, &c. ; 


Bour(e), Bo-wer, n. abode, xiv b 


ne . . bote, only, III 6, 22, &c. 


26, xv e 17, 18; //. bowers, 


(cf. Bote, adv.} ; no)t deep bote 


chambers, xvn 348. [OE. bur] 


to pt kneo, only knee deep, 
xni a 39 ; bote jef, except that, 


Bourde, n. entertainment, II 445 ; 
Bourdys, pi. jests, 1 1 9. [OFr. 


XIII b 5. (ii) Unless (with subj.}, 


bourde] 


vi 68, Vina i, 39, in, 143, 


Boute./r,?/. without, V 285. [OE. 


b 95. x 73 xvc 1 7>& 21 > xvn 


butan] See Bot(e). 


44,386, 550; bot(e) if, &c., un- 


Bowand. See Boje. 


less, vm a 17, 53, x 78, xvn 


Bowe, . bow, IX 258, xil a 57. 


247, &c. ; hot pat, unless, II 428. 


[OE. boga.] 


(Hi) But, however, yet, I 21, II 


Bowers. See Bour(e). 


74, iv a 57, v 61, vi 14, &c. ; 


Braggere, . braggart, vm a 148. 



GLOSSARY 



[From ME. braggen, of unknown 
origin.] 

Braid. See Erode. 

Braide, Brayd, Brade, n. a 
sudden movement ; in a brade, 
in a trice, XVII 21 ; bittirbraide, 
grievous onslaught, xiv c 68, 
xvi 207. [OE. bragd} 

Brayde, v. to move quickly ; 
draw, v 251; Brayde, pa. t. 
threw, v 309 ; Brayde, //. 
in bray Je dcnvn, lowered, v i. 
[OE. bregdan.} 

Brayn, n. brain, xv h 6 (distrib. 
sg. ; see Hert). [OE. brxgn} 

Brak. See Breke(n). 

Brandis, . //. pieces of burnt 
wood, X 113. [OE. brdnd.} 

Bras, . brass, xvi 196. [OE.dr&s.'] 

Brast. See Brest (e). 

Braunche, Branch, ;/. branch, I 
121, v 109, xvn 511. [OFr. 
branche.~\ 

Bre, n. foaming sea, VII 152. 
[App. a curious allit. use of 
OE. briiv, *breo, broth.] 

Bred(e), . bread, vm 18, 129, 
131, 207, 298; as euer etc I 
brede = so may I live, on my life, 
XVI1 395 hors bred, houndes 
bred, bread of beans, bran, &c., 
for the food of horses and dogs, 
VIII a 208. [OE. bread.} 

Bred-corne, n. grain for bread, 
Vina 64. [Prec.+OE. corn} 

Brede, Breed, n. breadth, XVI I 
126; of breed, in breadth, xvn 
259. [OE. brxdu} 

Brede, z>. intr. (to expand), grow, 
VI 55. [OE. bradan.} 

Bredes, n.pl. planks, v 3. [OE. 
bred.} 

Breff, adj. brief, meagre, VII 74. 



Breke(n), v. to break, violate, 
villa 31, 1x46, xi b 187, xvi 
257, xvn 387, &c. ; intr. II 
338, ix 118 ; Brak, pa. t. sg. 
X 106; Broke, pa. t.pl. v 14 ; 
Broke, pp. injured, vili b 34 
(set Broke-legged, villa 130); 
Brokynne, broken, xvi 195. 
[OE. brecan.} 



Brekynge, n. breaking ; smate b., 
breaking a long note into a 
number of short ones, fine trilling, 
XI b 138. [OE. brccung.} 

Brem(e), adj. fierce, violent, v 
132, VII 139, 152, &c. ; threat- 
ening, wild, V 77; passionate, 
vii 104; glorious, II 61 ; adv. 
gloriously, xv b 27. [OE. 
bretne, adj. and adv.] 

Brem(e)ly, adv. fiercely, violently, 
v 251, vn 1 06; exceedingly, 
V 165. [From prec.] 

Bren, Bran, n, bran, Villa 175, 
278. [OFr. bren.} 

Bren, v. to burn ; Brent, //. vii 
152, 159; Brennynge, pres.p. 
fervent, xi b 67 ; Brennynge, 
n. burning, IX 10. [ON. 
brenna.} See Byrne, Brin. 

Brent, adj. steep, V 97. [Cf. OE. 
brant} 

Bren-waterys, . //. xv h 22, 
' water-burners', >'. e. blacksmiths 
(from the hiss of the hot iron 
when plunged in water). Com- 
pare burn-the-ivind, a nickname 
for blacksmiths. [Bren, v. + 
Waiter.] 

Brere, n. briar, n 276. [OE. 
brier, brer.} 

Brest, n. breast, v 303. [OE. 
breast.} 

Breat(e), Brast (xvn), v. trans. 
and tntt.to burst, iva 81, xv h 
6, xvn 264; Barste,/a. /. sg. 
vili a 171 ; Brosten, //. xvi 
196. [OE. berslan ; ON. bresia.} 

Bretfull, adj. full to the brim, 
VII 164. [OE., ME. brerd- 
Jull, prob. with substitution of 
ON. cognate form *bredd- ; cf. 
Swed. brdddfull} 

Brether(en). See Broker. 

Breue, v. to set down in writing ; 
Breuyt, pa. t. sg. vn 65 ; //. 
vii 14. [Med. L. breviare, OE. 
brefan} 

Brid(d), Byrd (xvn), n. young 
bird, xn a 196 ; (small) bird, 
I 1 3O5> vii 104, xn a 169, 172, 
xvii 514, &c. [OE.Mt/d, young 
bird (late Nth. pi. birdas}.} 



GLOSSARY 



Brydel, n. bridle, v 84. [OE. 

bridel.~\ 
Brygge, . (draw) bridge, V i. 

[OE. brycg.~\ See Draw-brig. 
Bryght(e), Brijt, Bry3t, Briht 

(xn), Bryht (xv), &c., adj. 

and adv. bright, II 152, 269, 

455. iv a 72, 66, v 158, xn 

130, xv 26, xvn 9, &c. [OE. 

berht, byrht.} 
Brightnes, n. splendour, XVII 15, 

20. [OE. berht-nes.] 
Brimme, Brymme, . water's 

edge, V 104; brink, xil 32. 

[OE. brymme.'] 
Brin, Bryn, v. trans, to burn, 

X 21 (implied by rime) ; 
Brynt, Briflt, pa. t. x 113; 
//. x 32, 165. [ON. brinna.] 
See Bren, Byrne. 

Bring(e), Bryng(e), v. to bring, 
take, escort ; cause to be ; iv a 
7, 46, villa 64, ix 60, x 17, 

XI a 3 (adduce), xiirt 193, 
xiv b 68, &c. ; Broght(e), 
Bro3t(e),Brought,Brou3t(e), 
fa. t. I 123, ii 93, in ii, villa 

288, xn a 25, b 47 (ntbj.\ xvi 
161, &c. ; pp. v 77, vn 9o,xiv 
72, &c. ; Ybroujt, II 389, 563 ; 
bryng it to an ende, accomplish 
it, IX 169; bringen forlh t bring 
forth, produce, IX 60, XII a 193 ; 
to (hay bryng, until they bring 
(something), XVII 499 ; broughte 
outt of, rescued from, xvi 161 ; 
brought it so breff, made it so 
meagre, VII 74; broght dede, 
brought to death, I 213. [OE. 
bringan.] 

Brynstane, n. sulphur, X 20. 
[OE. bryn-stan] 

Brytouns, . //. men of Brittany, 
n 16. [OFr. Breton ; L. Brit(f)o- 
nem, Briton.] 

Britoner, Brytonere, n. a man 
of Brittany, VI 1 1 a 148, 169. 
[From prec.] 

Brookes, n.pl. badgers, vm a 31. 
[OE. brocc.~\ 

Erode, adj. broad, V I, 165, VII 
106, XV^ 5 ; Brood, XIII a 39 ; 
Braid, X 24. [OE. brad] 



Broght(e),BroJt(e). . 

Broke, n. brook, stream, V 14, 
132, VIII a 129. [OE. broc.~\ 

Broke, Brokynne. Set Breke(n). 

Broke-legged, adj. broken- 
legged, crippled, villa 130. 
See Breke(n), Legges. 

Brood. See Erode. 

Brosten. See Brest(e). 

Brope, adj. fierce, v 165. [ON. 
brd6-r.] 

Bropely, adv. fiercely, v 309. 
[ON. brdt-liga.-} 

Broper, n. brother, I 210, xna 6; 
Brother, gen. sg. xil a 18 ; 
Brother, //. XVII 318, 320 
(see note) ; Breperen, brethren, 
villa 201, XI b 243, &c. [OE. 
brffor ; ON. brxtir, pi.] 

Broucb, n. trinket, XIII b 23 
(translates l^.crepundid). [OFr. 
broche.'] 

Brou3t(e), &c. See Bring(e). 

Broun(e), Browne, adj. brown, 
vm a 301, xv <: 14 ; dull-hued, 
1x38,98; dark, vi 177. [OE. 
briin.} 

Browe, n. pi. eyebrows, xv c 14; 
forehead, v 238. [OE. bru.} 

Buen. See Ben. 

Buerne(s). See Borne, Burne. 

Bugge. See Bigge, v. 

Bugles, . pi. bullocks, IX 256. 
[OFr. bugle.] 

Bur. See Bir. 

Burde, pa. t. subj. impers. (it 
would befit) in me burde, I had 
better, ought to, V 210, 360. 
[OE. ge-byrian.'] 

Burgase, Buriays, . //. bur- 
gesses, citizens, II 504, XIV 65. 
[OFr. burgeis, sg. and pi.] 

Buriel, Buryel, n. tomb, XIII a 
46. [OK. byrgels.] 

Burne. See Byrne. 

Burne, n. warrior, knight, man, 
v 3, 21, 210, 247, 252, 270, 309, 
vi 37 ; voc. sir (knight), v 216, 
254 ; Buernes, //. VI I 90, 91. 
[OE. btom^ 

Burnist, //. polished, n 368. 
[OFr. burnir, l/urniss-.~\ 

Burp-tonge, . native speech, 



GLOSSARY 



XIII b 1 6, 43. [OE. byrp- + 



Bus. See Bihoue. 

Busk, v. (to prepare oneself); 

make haste, v 216 ; refl. in busk 

J>e, hasten, xiv a 22 ; trans. 

(prepare), make, v 180. [ON. 

biia-sk, refl.] See Boune. 
Busshel, . bushel (a measure of 

volume varying very greatly at 

different times and places), 

vin a 64. [OFr. buissiel.~\ 
But. See Bot(e). 
Butras, n. (?//.) buttress, n 361. 

[? OFr. bottterez, nom. sg., or 

pi., of bouteret.'} 
BuJ>. See Ben. 
Buzome, adj. obedient, willing, 

VIII a 1 88. [Stem of OE. bugan 

+ -JMW.] See Boje. 

Caas. See Cas(e). 

Cagge(n), v. to tie up, VI 152. 
[Not known ; only allit.] 

Cayre, v. to ride, v 52. [ON. 
keyra.~] 

Calabre, . calaber (a squirrel fur), 
villa 265. [OFr. Calabre, 
Calabria.] 

Calde. See Colde. 

Call(e), v. to call (cry, summon, 
name), I 32, iv b 47, vi 182, 
X 70, xvi 126, xvii 432, &c. ; 
subj. sg. XVI 141 ; Cald, //. 
named, vn 70, xvn 513. [OE. 
(late) ceallian, from ON. kalla.] 

Cam. See Com. 

Cammede, adj. XV h 5 ; ? snub- 
nosed (cf. Reeve's Tale, 14) ; 
? crooked (fits context better, 
but see etym.). [Cf. OFr., ME. 
cataus, snub-nosed ; cammed, 
bent (from Welsh cai), is not 
else recorded till later.] 

Can, v. 1 I know, know how to, 
can. Pres. ind. 1 , 3 sg. Can, 
II 22, 437, xin b 38 (knows), 
&c. ; Con, v 70, 215, xvc 26 ; 
Kan(ne), I 45, iv a n, 90, xvi 
74; 2 sg. Can(ne), xvi 100, 
xvn 229 ; Cans tow (see J>ou), 
vin 3 12; pi. Can, ix 208; 
Con, vi 21 ; Conen, know, IX 



185, 208; Conne, VI 161 ; 
Conne J>, via a 116, xill a 17, 
22, 38 (know) ; Cunne, XI vc 
101 ; Kan(e), iv b 21, 41, 
44, 86 ; Konne, VIII a 70 ; 
Kunnen, xi<J 153 (know), 275 ; 
pres. subj. Conne, vm a 143 ; 
Kun(ne), xiv b 90, vm a 250; 
pa. t. Coupe, Cowpe, I introd., 
v 115, 205, xn introd., b 200, 
&c. ; cowjte) (2 sg.) with double 
constr., vi 1 24 (note); pa. t. subj. 
could, might (have), Coude, 
xi b 271, xvn 286 ; Coupe, 
v 276, 353 ; Cowth, xvn 473. 
Can no other red, xnb 102, see 
Red ; how / can of, what I can 
do in the way of, xvn 250. It 
is sometimes difficult to dis- 
tinguish this verb from the next 
(e.g. at v 205, VI 1 39, XVII 468). 
[OE. can, con ; cti]>e.~\ 

Can, Con, v. 3 auxil. used with 
infin. as equivalent of simple 
pa. t. (con calle = called, v 144), 
and also, by confusion with prec., 
of a present (con dresse = 
brings about, VI 135) ; i, 3 sg. 
Con, v 167, 227, vi 51, 77, 93, 
181,221, 223, &c. ; 3sg. Cone?, 
VI 122 ; pi. Can, x 50, 66, 10$, 
112; Con, VI 149, 191 ; pa. t. 
did, ? v 205 (see prec.). [Due to 
confusion in form, and partly 
also in sense, between Gan (q.v.} 
and prec. ; cf. begouth (s.v. 
Begynne).] 

Canell, n. cinnamon, IX 158. 
[OFr. canelle.] 

Caple, . horse, v 107. [Cf. ON. 
kapall; see N.E.D.] 

Cardinales, n.pl. cardinals, xiv b 
40, 41. [OFr. cardinal.] 

Care, Kare, n. woe, misery, iv a 
18, 44, 60, ^'316, vi ir, &c.; 
care (of}, anxiety (concerning), 
V3ii. [OE. cant.] 

Care, v. to have sorrow, xiv b i. 
[OE. canan.~\ 

Carie, v. to carry, xil b 27. 
[ONFr. carter.'} 

Caroigne, Caryori, n. dead body, 
carrion, VIII a 85, xvii 502. 



GLOSSARY 



[ONFr. caroigtu; the phono- 


ica; cause,side in a quarrel, &c., 


logy of the second form is 


IX 82, XI a 50. [OFr. cause.] 


obscure.] 


Cawht. See Kache. 


Carp, v. to converse, VI 21 ; prate, 


Cerched. See Serche. 


XVII 360. [ON. karpa, brag.] 


Certayn(e), Certeyn(e), Sar- 


Carpyng, K. narration, X introd. 


teyn(e)(xvi), ascertain, sure; 


[From prec.] 


fixed, definite, xi b 113, xvi 


Cart, w. cart, vin b 13, xvn 534 ; 


225; some particular, IX 268; 


v. to cart, VIII b 66; Cartere, 


come to no certeyn, came to 


. carter (as a name), XIV d 3 ; 


nothing, 1179; nou)t ofcerteyne, 


Cart-mare, n. draught-mare, 


no definite rule, vin a 145 ; adv. 


Vin a 282. [ON. kart-r, OE. 


assuredly, indeed, i 231, xvi 94, 


crxt.] 


xvn 176, &c. [OFr. certain!] 


Cas, Case, n. chance, general run 


Certea, Certis, adv. certainly, 


of events, circumstances, plight, 


truly, vin b 22, x 134, XI b 42, 


II 175, in 20, vn 25, 73, xn a 
49, b 194, &c.; Caas, pi. xin b 


293. [OFr. certes.'] 
Cesse, Sesse, v. to cease, leave 


40; in fas, it may be, xi 101, 


off, come to an end, VIII a 172, 


105, 216 ;per cas, by chance, xil 


XI b 205, xvi 44, 294; Cest, 


a 7, b 4. [OFr. cos."] 


//. xvn 451 ; Cessynge, n. 


Cast(e), v . ; Cast(e),/rt. t. v 249, 


ceasing, XI b 85. [OFr. cesscr.~\ 


XII b 70, &c. ; Kest, V 207 ; 


Chace, n. quarry (in hunting), 


Cas ten, //. IV a 60; least, 


xil b 7. [OFr. chace.~\ 


xiv c 79 ; East, I 143 ; Kest, 


Chace(n),to pursue, diive, IX 167, 


v 1 74 ; to cast, throw, put, 1143, 


229; chace of, drive, oust from, 


iv b 3, vin a 61, x 33, xn b 


vi 83. [OFr. chacier.] 


103, &c. ; (in charity), vin a 16 ; 


Chaffare, v. to engage in trade, 


to cast off, XVII 262 ; icast out, 


vin a 235, b 98. [From ME. 


abandoned, XIV c 79 ; to offer, 


chap/are, chaffiire, n. ; see Chap- 


propose, v 174, 207; to scheme, 


uare.] 


xi b 306. [ON. kasta ; for e 


Chayngede. See Chaunge. 


forms before st cf. Morsbach, 


Chambre(s). See Chaumber. 


ME. Gram. 87, n. 2.] See Kest, 


Chanel, n. channel, river-bed, 


. ; Vpcaste. 


Xin a 57. [OFr. chanel.'] Cf. 


Castel(l), . castle, n 159, x 173, 


Kanel. 


xvil 349, 538 ; a tower or raised 


Chapel(le), . chapel, private 


structure on the deck of a ship 


oratory (attached to a castle, 


(j*rTopcastell), xvii 272. [OE. 
(late) caste! from ONFr. caste!.'] 


&c.),V35,ii8,&c.;Schapellis, 
pi. XI b 234. [OFr. chapelle.'} 


Catel, Catayll, Catall, . sg. col- 


Chapelleyn, Chaplayn, n. chap- 


lect., goods, property, vin a 86, 


lain (a priest serving a ' chapel ' ; 


141, 214, xiv c 75, xvi 242, 


see prec.), vm a 12, v 39. 


xvn 1 56 (cattle), 326. [ONFr. 


[OFr. chapelain.~\ 


catel.'] 


Chapman, . merchant, XII b \ 79. 


Cateractes, n. pi. flood-gates, 


[OE. ceap-man.'] 


XVII 343, 451 (see Genesis, vii. 


Chapuare, . trading, bargain, 


n, viii. a; Vulgate cataract x, 


in 60. [OE. ceap+faru; cf. 


sluices). 


ON. kaup-fdr.'] See Chaffare, v. 


Caue, . .cave, v 114, xil a 65. 


Charde, pa. t. sg. turned back, 


[OFr. cave.'] 


ceased to flow, vi 248. [OE. 


Cause (of), n. cause, reason (of), 


cerran^] 


XI a 1 7, 54, xin b 66, xiv c 9 ; 


Charge, n. burden ; weight, iv b 


cause perto, cause for it, xvn 


48 ; aping of charge, a weighty, 



GLOSSARY 



important matter, Xiv c 52. 
[OFr. charge^ See next. 

Charge(n), v. to burden, iv b 51 ; 
charge(tf) with, to burden with, 
to impose as an obligation, XI b 
150, 198, 199, &c. ; to enjoin, 
order (a person), xi* 15, 31, 
71, 120, 193; to attach weight, 
importance, to, XI b 104, 106, 
184, 1 88, 225. [OFr. charger :] 

Charious, adj. burdensome, XI b 
204. [OFr. chargeous, char* 
jous.] 

Charit^, Charyte", n. charity, 
Christian love (for God or one's 
fellows), iv3is, vi no, xi/> 25, 
&c. ; out ofch. t not in a state of 
ch., XI* 26, 89; I will kept ch., 
I will not lose my temper, xvn 
2 35 > P ar charite,for ch.,for of 
saynte ch., (formulce used in 
prayers, or requests), in the name 
of (holy) charity, VIII a 250, 
xv d 5, xvil 165, 174; amen 
for ch., a formula of conclusion, 
xvn 558. [OFr. charite; (de) 
par (saint e) charitel\ 

Charke, v. to creak, xna 70. 
[OE. cearcian,~\ 

Charnel, n. cemetery, vin a 50. 
[OFr. charnel.'} 

Chaste, v. to rebuke, punish, vin a 
53. 3 J 8. [OFr. hastier.} 

Chastice, Chastis(e), Chastyse, 
v. to punish, chastise, curb, xiv c 
70, d 5, xvil 398, 403. [OFr. 
(rare) chastiser.} 

Chaud(e), adj. hot, vin a 306; 
(Fr. word indicating affectation 
of manners above labourers' 
station.) 

Chaumber, Chambre (xvn), n. 
room (usually a smaller private 
room or bedroom), n 100, 196, 
584, xvil 129, 281 (set Cbes, 
and note), &c. [OFr. chambre.} 

Chaunce, Chance, n. chance, for- 
tune, adventure, event, I 22, 25, 
28, 135, 221, v 331, vn 16 ;for 
ch. }at mayfalle, whatever may 
happen, v 64 ; he cheuej fat 
chaunce, he contrives that event, 
brings it to pass, v 35; per 



chance, xn b 18, 57. [OFr. 
ch(e~)aii(-e.} 

Chaunge, Change, v. to alter, 
change, trans, and intr., iv a 2, 
42, xn a 125, xin a 4, 56, xv a 
22, &c.; Chayngede, pa. t. 
xni b 28; Yohaunged, //. 
vin b 85, XIII b 27. Chaunged 
his cher, v 101, see Chere. 
[OFr. changier ; chaingier.} 

Chaungyng, n. vicissitudes, vii 
16; ch. oj -wit, alteration of 
sense, mistranslation, XI a 47. 

Chees. See Chese, v. 

Cheyne, n. chain, x 31. [OFr. 
chaine.~\ 

Chekes, n. pi. cheeks, vni a 169 ; 
maugri Medes (thf) chekes, in 
Meed's (thy) despite, vin a 41, 
151 ; see Maugre'. [OE. ceace, 
clce.-} 

Chekke, n. ill-luck, v 1 27. [OFr. 
eschec, checkmate.] 

Chelde, adj. cold, xv e 16. [OE. 
(WS.) ctald.~\ See Colde. 

Ckenes, n. pi. fissures, XIII a 8. 
[OE. cine, cion-.~\ 

Chepynge, n. market, vm a 294. 
[OE. ceping.'] 

Cher(e), Chiere (xn), n. face, 
xvc 15 ; looks, XII a 120; de- 
meanour, VI 47 ; mery chere, 
gladness, xvn 463. Chaunged 
his cher, v 101 ; ? altered the 
direction in which he faced, 
turned this way and that (cf. 
Sir Gaw., 711); but the 
phrase elsewhere always refers 
to colour or expression of face. 
[OFr. chiere, chere.] 

Cherehe, Chirche, Churche, n. 
church, Church, I 3, ai, villa 
12,50, 12, 63 (note), XI a 62, 
b 178, &c. [OE. cirice, circe.\ 
See Kirke. 

Cherche3erd, . churchyard, I 3, 
66, 263; Cherche porche, 
church porch, i 77. [Prec. + 
OE. gfard; OFr. porche.'} 

Cherles. See Chorle. 

Cheruelles, n. pi. chervils (a 
garden pot-herb), vin a 289. 
[OE. cerfille.-} 



GLOSSARY 



Ches, Chese (MS. chefe), . in 


prevent their stomachs getting 


thre ches(e), three tiers or rows 


cold, vill a 306. [OE.ci/tan; 


of, xvn 129, 281 (followed by 


but see ff.E.D.'] 


sg. noun). [Perhaps a use of 
ME. ches, chess, as ' rows of 


Chirche. See Cherche. 
Chiries, n.pl. cherries, vill a 289. 


squares' (OFr. esches, pi. of 


[ONFr. cherise, sg. ; cf. OE. 


eschec, see Chekke).] 


cires-beam.~\ 


Chese, v. to choose ; chese jou, 


Chyteryng, . chattering, \\lib 


choose (for) yourselves, n 217; 


14. [Echoic.] 


Chees, Ches, pa. t. sg. xi b 56, 


Chiualrye, n. knighthood, the 


xii a no; for past pple. see 


knights as a body, xiv c 42. 


Ycore. [OE. ceosanJ] 


[OFr. chev-, chivalerie.'] See 


Cheses, . //. chteses, vill a 276. 


Cheualrous. 


[OE. cese.} 


Chorle, n. common man, v 39 ; 


Chesible, . chasuble (the outer 


Cherles, //. vma 50. [OE. 


vestment of a priest when cele- 


f<for/.~\ 


brating Mass), vill a 12. [OFr. 


Cit6, Cyt6, Cytee, Citie, Site", 


chesible.'] 


n. city, II 48, 479, vii 66, 85, 


Chesouns, n. pi. reasons, x I a 50. 


Vlll 94, IX 23, XIII b 67, &c. 


[Shortened from OFr. ache(f)son; 


[OFr. cite.-] 


see Enchesone.] 


Cytryne, adj. lemon-yellow, ix, 


Cheualrous, adj. chivalrous, V 
331. [OFr. chevalerous.'} See 


115. [OFr. citrin.'} 
Clanly, adv. elegantly, vii 53. 


Chiualrye. 


[OE. clxn-lice.-} See Clene. 


Cheue, v. (to acquire), control, 


Clatere, v. to clatter, resound, 


bring about ; cheue)J>at chaunce, 


v I 33 vn I 37- [OE. clatrian.\ 


brings that event to pass, V 35 ; 


Clateryng, n. clattering, XV h 4. 


Cheuyt,//. brought about, vn 


[OE. clatrung.'] 


1 6. [OFr. chever and ac'ieverJ] 


Clause, n. clause (in grammar), 


See Acheue. 


Xi\v 1 1 (.wConstruwe).[Med.L. 


Cheuenlayn, . chieftain, Lord, 


clausa, OFr. clause.'] 


VI 245. [OFr. chevetaine.'] 


Cled, //. clad ; cled in Stafford 


Chibolles, n.pl. chibols, a variety 
of small onion, villa 289. 


blew, beaten black and blue, 
xvn 200; see Blew. [OE. 


[ONFr. *chiboule, OFr. ciboule.} 


clxpan (rare).] 


Chyche, n. niggard, VI 245. 


Cleket, n. trigger, X 82. [OFr. 


[OFr. chiche, adj.] 


cliqitet.'] 


Chyde, v. intr. to complain, find 


Clene, adj. clean, IV b 6, v 323, 


fault, vi 43, villa 307, 314. 


325; unmixed, vill a 299; 


[OE. cidait.} 


pure, vii 179, xi b 295, xv i 7 ; 


Chiere. See Cher(e). 
Child, Chylde, n. child, in 39, 
IV a 73, &c., child hys, child's, 


elegant, vii 77; splendid, vii 
150 (or adv.}. [OE. clone.] See 
Clanly, Clense. 


xin b 23; Childer, Chylder, 


Clen(e), Cleane, adv. entirely, 


//. xvii 327, 527; Childern, 


vii 150 (or adj.\ xiv b 77, c 56, 


Chyldern, xm 16, 33, 37, 


80. [OE. clone.'} 


&c. ; Children, vin a 91, &c. 


Clengej, 3 sg. pres. clings, v I o. 


[OE. did; cildru, pi.] 


[OE. *clengan.'} See Clingge. 


Child-bedde, . ; on child-bedde, 


Clense, v. to cleanse, clear ojit, 


in travail, n 399. [OE. did 


iva 7, vma 98. [OE. clxn- 


Chillyng, . becoming cold, in 


Clepe(n), Clepyn, v. to call (cry, 


for chillyng of here nicrwe, to 


summon, name), i introd., n 



GLOSSARY 



aoi, ill 12, 24, ix 27, xn a 76, 
b 16 ; Cleped, Clept, //. n 49, 
1x3, xn a 6, &c. ; Ycleped, II 
52, in 1 7, 32. [OE. deopian.'] 

Clere, adj. clear, bright, glorious, 
fair, ii 269, 358, v 283, vil 107, 
123, xvi 128, 389; free (from 
guilt), *xvi 356 (MS. clene) ; 
adv. clearly, VII77; Clerlych, 
adv. clearly, xni a 12. [OFr. 
der.-] 

Clerematyn, . (? lit. ' fine morn- 
ing') appar. name of a fine 
flour, or bread made from it, 
vili a 29$. [? OFr. cler mating 

Clerk(e), n. one in holy orders, 
ecclesiastic (opp. to ' lay '), 
scholar, writer, n 2, vil 53, 
vin* 56, 58, xi a 36, 59, 55, 
177, xvi 283, &c.; Clerkus,//. 
vin b 65. [OE. cler(i)c; OFr. 
clerc.~] 

Clete, . cleat, small (wedge- 
shaped) piece of wood ; jaf 
noujt a cl. of cared not a rap 
for, xiv c 54. [OE. *cleat; cf. 
OHG. cAlfff, MDu. cloot.~] 

Cleue, v. to split, V 133. [OE. 
deofan.~\ 

Clyff, . cliff, rock, v 10, 133. 
[OE. clif.-] 

Clingge, v. xv a 8 ; the dot him 
clingge t ma.y the earth of the grave 
cling to him (or waste him ; cf. 
alpaj oure corses in dottej dynge, 
Pearl 857); Yclongen, //. 
withered, II 508. [OE. dingan, 
shrivel, shrink.] See Clengej. 

Clipte,/a. t. sg. clasped, xn b 62. 
[OE. dyppan.~] 

Cloise. See Clos. 

Cloistre, . monastery, in in- 
trod., villa 141. [OFr. doislre.~] 

Cloke, . cloak, vili a 265. 
[OFr. c/oyue.'] 

Clomben,/. t.pl. climbed, v 10. 
[OE. dimban ; pa.t. pi. ditnibon."] 

Cloos, n. enclosure ; in doos, en- 
closed, ix 191. [OFr. dos.~\ 

Clos, Cloise (oi = o, cf. Coyll), 
adj. closed ; secluded, forbidden, 
VII 179; close, vi 152 (man hit 
d., make it secure); adv. (or 



predic. adj.} close, near,vil 137. 

[OFr. ebfA 
Close, v. to close, enclose, IX 172, 

XI b 39 ; Yclosed, pp. xni a 

24,40. [Fromprec.] See Enclose. 
Clot, . clod, xv a 8 (see Clingge) ; 

Clottes, //. lumps, Xlila 5. 

[OE. dott.~\ 
Clop, . a cloth, xv/ 8 ; cloth, 

villa 14; dopes, &c., //. 

clothes, I 165, 236, 11408, vn 

175, vin b 18, xi ^ 257, xni a 

9, &c. [OE. dap.'} 
Cloped, //. clothed, vm 2. 

[OE. (late) clafian.] 
Clope-merys, n.pl. ? mare-clothers 

(1 contemptuous reference to 

blacksmiths as fashioning pieces 

of horse-armour; for similar 

compound see Brenwaterys), xv 

h 21. [Free. + OE. mere.'] 
Cloude, w. 1 clod of earth ; under 

doude, in the ground, xv 31. 

[OE. dud. mass of earth, or 

rock.] 
Cloud(e), Clowde, w. a cloud, vn 

I0 7 '37> xii a 137. [Prob. same 

as prec.] 
Clout, n. piece of cloth, xv/8, 

n. [OE. diit.'] 
Cloute, v. to patch ; doule more 

to, stick more on to it, xi b 200 ; 

go doute thi shone, go and cobble 

your shoes, ' run away and 

play ', xvil 353 ; Yclouted, 

//. patched, vin a 61. [OE. 

due tan.'] 

Clowe ; clowe gylofres, cloves, ix 
[OFr. dou (nail) degirofle 
- 



Clustre, . bunch, IX 153, 160. 

[OE. cluster^ 
Cnistes. See Knyght(e). 
Cnowe. See Knowe. 
Coc, Cok, . cock, xii a 77, xv^- 

33. [OE. cocc.~\ 
Coffes, n.pl. mittens, gloves, villa 

62. [Unknown ; cf. Prompt. 

PaT\.,'cufte, glove or meteyne'.] 
Coyll, n. lit. cabbage ; pottage, 

cabbage or vegetable soup, xvi I 

389. [OE. cal; oy = o (see the 

rimes).] See Koleplantes. 



GLOSSARY 



Coke, v. to pnt hay into cocks, 
VIII b 13. [From (obscure) ME. 
cocke, hay-cock ; see N.E.D.] 

Coker, . a labourer (at hay- 
making or harvest), vill b 13. 
[From prec. ; cf. Cath. Angl., 
' coker, autumnarius '.] 

Cokeres, . pi. leggings, VIII a 62. 
[OE. cocor, quiver ; cf. Prompt. 
Parv., ' cocur, cothurnus '.] 

Coket, . very fine flour next in 
grade to the finest (-was/ell), 
VIII a 299. [Pant's de coket 
occurs in 1 4th c. legal Latin ; 
connexion between this and 
AFr. cokkette, Anglo-L. coketa, 
cocket, seal of King's Custom- 
house, has been suggested, but 
not proved.] 

Cold(e), adj. cold, I 119, vil 115, 
&c.; Calde, iva 82. [OE. 
cdld.-] 

Cold(e), n. cold, I 163, 1x31, 
xv ./ * 3 J f or c lde of, to keep 
the cold from (see For, prep?), 
Villa 62. [OE. cdld.'} See 
Chelde. 

Col(e), n. live coal, iv a 13 ; coal, 
XV A 5. [OE. col, live coal.] 

Coloppes, n. pi. ' collops ', eggs 
fried on bacon, vin a 280. [See 
N.E.D., s.v. Collop, and Cock- 
ney.'] 

Colour, n. colour, IX 34, xn a 55, 
&c. ; outward appearance, XI b 
217. [OFr. colour^ 

Com, Come(n), Cum (x), v. to 
come, I 80, 176, ii 137, V 4 3, 
X 45, 173, xvn 241, &c. ; 
Comest, 2 sg. wilt come, XV 
g 5 ; Commys, 3 sg. xvil 507 ; 
Cam, pa. t. I 77, II 153, villa 
294, &c.; Com(e), I 32, II 91, 

III3, VIO?, VI 222, VII 83, 

&c. ; pa. t. subj. (should come, 
&c.), vi 214, 238, Vina 108, 
x 29, xv g 30 ; Come(n), //. 
i 161, ii 29, 181, ix 314, &c. ; 
Comyn, vil 40, 102 ; Conine, 
IV a 23 ; Cumen, xiv b 8, 87 ; 
Ycome(n), n 203, 319, 404, 
422, 478, 592. With dat. refl. 
pron. in : foret hym com, forth 



came, xv^- 18 ; in him com . . 
gon, came (walking) in (cf. OE. 
com inn gdri), XV g 24; him 
com, in 19. Comen of, descended 
from, ii 29. [OE. cuman, com', 
OMMML] 

Coma(u)nde, Comawnde, Com- 
maund, v. to command, I 105, 
villa 16, xi b 66, xv * i, xvi 
341, xvn 118, &c. ; with to, 
XI b 40 ; to commend, v 343 ; 
to entrust, give, xi b 2 2 2. [OFr. 
cotnander^] 

Com(m)aundement,&c., n. com- 
mandment, iv b i$, xi b 63, 
86, 226; gaf in comm., com- 
manded, xvil 32. [OFr. coman- 
dctnentJ\ See Maundement. 

Comenci (n), Comae (vin), v. 
to begin, vill a 34, 309 ; pres. 
subj. II 247 (note to 1. 57). 
[OFr. comencer.'] See Comes- 
sing. 

Comendacion, w. ' Commendation 
of Souls ', an oflfice for the dead 
(made a part of daily office) 
which originally ended with 
the prayer Tibi, Domine, com- 
mendamus, xi 132. 

Comessing, n. beginning, II 57. 
See Comenci. 

Comford, &c. See Conforte, v. 

Comyng(e), n. coming, advent, 
xiio 35, xvi 315, 363, &c. ; horn 
comynge, homecoming, IX 285. 
See Com. 

Comyn(s). See Com, Comnn. 

Comly(ch), adj. fair, beautiful, v 
343, xvn 71. [OE. cymlic, 
influ. in ME. by assoc. with be- 
cotnen.~\ 

Comlyng, . stranger, foreigner, 
XI II b 45. [OE. cuma + 'ling.] 

Commys. See Com. 

Commyxstion, . intermingling, 
XIII b 12. [L. commixtionem.\ 

Comne. See Com. 

Comounly, adv. usually, IX 51 ; 
in common, ix 60. See Comun. 

Compayni, . company, II 462 ; 
Company(e), vn 150, 1x312, 
&c.; Cumpany(e), x 147, &c. ; 
in cumpanye, in the society of 



GLOSSARY 



men, I introd., ix 288. [OFr. 



Comparison, n. comparison ; wij>- 

oute comparison, xt b 237. [OFr. 

cotnparaison, -csonl\ 
Compelle, v. to compel, xifi 51, 

xin b 1 8. [OFr. compeller.~] 
Compilet, //. compiled, put to- 

gether, VII 53. [OFr. compiler.] 
Comprehended, pa. t. sg. com- 

prised, embraced, ix 300. [L. 

comprehendere.~\ 
Compunccion, w. repentance, xi b 

1 80. [OFr. compunction^ 
Comse. See Comenci. 
Comun(e), adj. common (people), 

XI v^ 67; as sb., the commu- 

nity, VIII b 20, 79 ; Comunes, 

Comyns, pi. the common 

people ; the Commons (as an 

estate of the realm), xiv b 67, 

c 73 ; lay men.xi a 39, 59. [OFr. 

coniun ; and direct from L. com- 

munis.~\ 
Con (en), Cone}. See Can, .' 

and z/. 2 
Concyens, Conscience, . con- 

science, iv b 15, vm b 87, &c. ; 

(personified) VIII b 6, &c. [OFr. 

conscience.] 
Condicioun, n. nature, quality, 

xii a 1 20. [OFr. condidon.~\ 
Confederat, adj. allied, XIII b 5. 

[L. con-fctderatus.~} 
Confesse, v. to confess, xi b 143 ; 

confessed dene, made clean by 

confession, v 323. [OFr. con- 

fesser.~\ 
Conforme, v. (;r/7.),to suit (one- 

self), make (oneself) suitable, 

xu a 184. [OFr. conformer.~\ 
Confort, Coumforde, . support, 

comfort, consolation, vi 9, vm b 

79, xu a 151. [OFr. con-, ctin- 

fort.-} 
Conforte, Com-, v. to comfort, 

succour, support, IV a 15, vm a 

214; Comford, pa. t. pi. vil 
173. [OFr. conforter.~\ 
Confusyun, n. putting to shame, 

I 203. [OFr. confusion.~\ 
Congele, v. to congeal, ix 64. 

[OFr. congeler.] 



Conig, . rabbit, XIV b 75. [OFr. 

conin, coning.] 
Conne, ConneJ>, &c. See Can, 

v. 1 
Connynge, . intelligence, iv 56, 

79. [From citnn-y old inlin. 

stem of Can, &. 1 ] 
Conquerour, w. conqueror, xiv c 

92. [OFr. conquerour?\ 
Conquest, . the (Norman) Con- 
quest, XIII b 32. [OFr. con- 

questel\ 
Consaile (-sale, -seyl, -seille), 

Counsail(le), (-sayle, -sayll), 

n. counsel, deliberation, advice, 

II 179, vni a 309, x 1 5, xiv b 

40, 43, xvi 114, 163, xvn 157 ; 

prudence, iv b 56, 57, 61 ; 

council, vm a 312, IX 296, 298. 

[OFr. conseil,c(o}nseil, counsel, 

council.] 
Couseille, to advise, vm a 14 ; 

Counsell, imper. sg. XVII 472. 

[OFr. conseillier.'] 
Consente, v. to agree ; consented 

to o wyl, was agreed, I 49. [OFr. 

consent ir.~\ 
Consider, v. to reflect, xvn 291. 

[OFr. consider cr^\ 
Constreyne, v. to force, vm b 56, 

xi b 248. [OFr. constreign-, 

stem of constreindre.'} 
Construction, . construing, 

xin b 28. [L. constructionem ; 

see next.] 
Constru(w)e, v. to construe, 

interpret, xin b 18, 34; pres. 

subj. pi. in jif je c. wel pis 

clause, if you see the point of 

what I say, xiv c u. [L. con- 

struere.'] 
Conteyne, v. to contain, ix 337, 

XIII a 20. [OFr. contenir, con- 

teign-, stem of subj.] 
Contemplacio(u)n, Contempla- 

cyone, . contemplation (of 

God), iv b 51, xi b u, 308. 

[OFr. conteiplacion.~\ 
Contemplatyf, -if, adj. contem- 
plative, devoted to prayer and 

contemplation of God, vm a 

245, xi b 1,8, &c. [OFr. con- 

teiiiplatif.] 



GLOSSARY 



Continue, v. to persevere, vm b 
40, no. [OFr. continuer.~] 

Contynuell, adj. continual, IX 32. 
[OFr. continued} 

Contray (xi n), Centre, -ee,-ey, 
(IX), Countr6 (xvn), Cuntray 
(ii), Cuntr6 (i), Cuntrey (xi), 
w. country, land, region, I 253, 
ii 351, ix 4, 9, 26, 134, 138, 
xla 35i xin a 41, 63, xvii 487 
(see Sere), &c., as adj. in conlray 
hugage, language of the land, 
xin b 13. [OFr. conlre'e, c(p)un- 
tre'e.~] 

Contrarie (to), adj. opposed (to), 
xi b 54. [OFr. contra.} 

Contrefetes, . //. imitations, ix 
117. [OFr. contrefet, pp., made 
like.] See Counterfete, v. 

Cop, M. top, xin (745. [OE.o?//.] 

Cope, n. long cloak, xn a 53 ; 
esp. the out-door cloak of an 
ecclesiastic, vm a 182. [OE. 
*cape, from MecLL. capal\ 

Cope, v. to provide with ' copes ', 
villa 141. [From prec.] 

Copuls, 3 sg. pres. links, iv a 1 2 ; 
Coppled, //. linked (in rime), 
Introduction xv; see Kowe. 
[OFr. copier. .] See Couple, . 

Corage, . heart, xn a ii ; 
gallantry, XIV c 108. [OFr. 
yap.j 

Corde, . cord, xil 53, 60, &c. 
[OFr. corde^ 

Corde(n), v. ; cordcn into on, agree 
together, xv t 6. [Shortened 
from Acorde, ^z'.] 

Cormeraut, . cormorant, n 310. 
[OFr. cormoranl\ 

Coround(e), pa. t. crowned, vi 
55.' PP- n 593. vi I2 - [OFr. 
corouner.~} See Crouned(e). 

Coroune}, . //. crowns, vi 91. 
[OFr. coroutie.~] See Croun(e). 

Corsed(est). See Curse. 

Corseynt, . shrine of a saint, 
I 239. [OFr. cars saint, holy 
body.] 

Cortays(e), Curteys (n), adj. 
gracious, II 28, vi 73; as sl>., 
gracious lady, v 343. [OFr. 
corteis, curteis.~\ See Kort. 



Cortaysye, Cortayse", Cour- 
taysye, n. courtesy, grace, vi 72, 
84, 96, 109, 121 (of cortaysye 
prob. only equivalent to cor- 
tayse, adj.) ; of courtaysye, by 
cortaysye, &c. by especial favour, 
vi 97, 108, 1 20. [OFr. cor- 
teisie, curteisie.'] 

Cortaysly, Curteisly, -lich, adv. 
courteously, vi 21, vm a 34, 
157. See Cortays. 

Cossej, Cosses, . //. kisses, v 
283,292. [OE.coss.] SeeKy&se. 

Cost, . 1 border, ix 192 ; Costes, 
//. coasts, regions, vu 83, 146. 
[OFr. coste.] 

Cost, . 2 expenditure, cost, xi b 
169 ;? means (to meet expense), 
XI 141. [OFr. cost.'] 

Costen (j), v. to expend (on), 
xi b 234. [OFr. coster.~\ 

Costes, n.pl. manners, disposition, 
v 292. [OE. (Nth.) cost from 
ON. kost-r.~\ 

Costy, ailj. costly, XI b 228, 234. 
[From Cost, . 2 ] 

Cote, n. 1 cot, mean dwelling, II 
489, vm b 2. [OE. cot.} 

Cote, . 2 coat; here a tunic (</. 
'waistcoat') worn beneath the 
outer gown, xvii 262. [OFr. 
cote.} 

Goth, . pestilence, xvii 417. 
[OE. cafu.-] 

Cou, Cow, n. cow, in 49, 52, 54, 
villa 282; //. Ken, in 56; 
Kyjn, ix 256; Kyn(e), vnia 
134, b 1 8. [OE. cu\ pi. cy (Kt. 
*ce).-\ 

Couaytyng, Coueytynge, n. 
coveting, ix 90 ; object of covet- 
ing (cf. louyng, &o.), IV a 23. 
[From OFr. coveit(i)er.~\ 

Couaytise (in), Coueitise (xi), 
Couetyse, (v), Coueteis(xvn), 
n. covetousness, avarice, ill 22, 
V 306, 312, xi b 55, 256, xvii 
52. [OFr. coveitise.} 

Couche, . bed, xn a 89. [OFr. 
couche.} 

Coude. See Can, v. 

Coueyne, n. band (of conspira- 
tors), I 41. [OFr. cov(a}ine.~} 



GLOSSARY 



Coueitous.rt^'. covetous, XI b 196. 


rime, Introduction xv. [OFr. 


[OFr. coveitous.-] 


rime cot<^e.~\ See Kowe. 


Couenable, adj. suitable, xina 


Cowardise, Coward(d)yse, n. 


20. [OFr. covenable.'] 


cowardice, v 205, 306, 311. 


Covenant, Coueuaunde, -aunt, 


[OFr. couardise^ See Kowarde. 


. covenant, agreement, v 260, 


Cowth, Cowpe(3). See Can, v. 


272, vi 202, 203, vin a 153, 


Crache, v. to scratch, n 80. [Ob- 


xil b 41, 96, 199 ; //. terms of 


scure; cf. MDu., MLG. krat- 


the agreement, v 1 74 ; in c. fat, 


SM.1 


on condition that, VIII a 28. 


Cradel, n. cradle, xm 22, xv/ 


[OFr. covenant.'] 


4. [OE. cradol.] 


Coueryng, n. covering, I 177, 184. 


Craft(e), n. craft ; industry, VIII b 


[From OFr. co(u}vrir.] 


20 ; knowledge, in to ken all the 


Coumforde; Counsail(le), &c. 


cr., to know the whole story, VII 


See Confort ; Consaile (-seille). 


25. [OE. me/?.] 


Counted, pa. t. reckoned on (or 


Crafty, adj. skilled in a craft, 


heeded), vil 115; counted tuntjt 


vin a 70, [OE. crsKfiig.} 


a bene beo, gave not a bean for, 


Cragge, n. crag, V 115, 153. 


xiv c 43. [OFr. cunter.] 


[Obscure.] 


Counter-fete, v. to imitate (fraudu- 


Crak, v. to crack, xiv a 10; 


lently), IX 114; to resemble, 


Crakked, //. xiv a u. [OE. 


vi 196 (bad connotation often 


cracian, to crack (sound).] 


absent in this use, but possibly 


Craue, Crafe (xvu), v. to 


here present 'make them un- 


demand, vin a 86 ; to plead 


justly resemble us'). [Formed 


for, XVII 174; craue ctftir, ask 


from ME. counterfele, imitated, 


for, xvi 242. [OE. crafian, de- 


OFr. contrefet.] See Contrefetes. 


mand.] 


Countes, n. countess, VI 129. 


Creatoure, Creatur, . creature, 


[OFr. cuntesse.] 


XV i 4, xvu 78. [OFr. creature.'] 


Countre*. See Contray. 


Crede, w.'the Creed, VI 125 ; sail 


Countre note, . counterpoint, a 


ken )ow jowre crede will teach 


melody added as an accompani- 


you what you ought to know, 


ment to another, xi b 137 (note). 


a lesson, xiv b 4. [OE. creda, 


[OFr. countre + note.~\ 


from L. credo, I believe (cf. 


Couple, n. match, pair, II 458 


vin a 83).] 


(note) ; Copple, couplet (in 


Credence, . credence, IX 303. 


verse), Introduction xxxiii. 


[OFr. credence^ 


[OFr. couple.} 


Creera, . cream, VIII a 277. 


Cours(e), . course, vn 102, xma 


[OFr. crestnt.'] 


61, &c. ; cours '.. .about , circuit, 


Cren, n. crane (machine), X 16, 


x 157 ; flow, vn 123; force, 
rushing, VII 115 ; by course, in 


28. [OE. cran (bird) ; the above 
are the earliest recorded instances 


due order, vil 73. [OFr. cours.] 


of the transferred sense.] 


Court (aysye^ . See Cortaysye,Kort. 


Crepe, v. to creep, XII b 173. 


Courtpies, n. pi. short jackets, 


[OE. creopan.'] 


viii a 182. [Current in i4th 


Creuisse, n. fissure, v 1 15. [OFr. 


and 1 5th centuries; cf. MDu. 


crevasse."] 


korte pie, short coat of coarse 


Cri(e), Cry, . lamentation, n 


woollen stuff.] 


114, 220 ; held in o cri, lamented 


Cou)>e, Couthe. See Can, v. 


in the same strain, II 95 ; shout- 


Couwee, adj. tailed, in (ryme] 


ing, clamour, n 285, xv A 4 ; 


con-wee, rime in pairs followed 


a cr}', appeal, 11511 (see Sette) 


by a shorter line, or ' tail ', tail- 


[OFr. cri.-] 



GLOSSARY 



Crie(n), Crye(n), Cry, to cry 


Crowe, v. to crow, xv^- 33 (with 


out (shout, call, lament), pro- 


pleonastic reflex, pron.) ; to 


claim, xi b 48, xn a 76, 140, xvi 


announce by crowing, xna 77- 


l8 6, 363, xvn 384, &c. ; pres. 


[OE. crawan.] 


subj. xvi 141 ; Crid(e), pa. t. 


Cruddes, n.pl. curds, villa 277. 


1178, XII 31, 69; Cryit,x86; 


[Obscure.] 


Criand, -ende,/ro./. xvi 73, 


Cruell, adj. cruel, ix 237. [OFr. 


xii b 1 6. Cry en after, shout 


cruel.] 


for, xv h 5 ; crie on, appeal to 


Cubite, (Cubettis, //.), n. cubit 


XVI 107 ; cry me mercy, cry to 


(Biblical length measure = ell), 


me for mercy, xvu 384 (the 


xvil 124, 136, 258, 261, 443. 


earliest recorded sense in E.). 


[OE. cubit, L. cubilus.] 


[OFr. crier.'] 


Cultur, n. coulter, iron blade 


Criere, n. crier, herald, XI b 48. 


fixed in front of the share in 


[OFr. crier.] 
Criing, Criyng(e), . (loud) shout- 


a plough, vm a 98. [OE. 
(from L.) culler.] 


ing, xi b 133, 249; at o criing, 


Cum, Cumen. See Com. 


with one voice, II 581 (cf. at one 


C umbrit, //. hampered, VII 1 83. 


cri, Havelok 2773); lamenta- 


[OFr. (en]combrer.] 


tion, II 195. [From Crie(n).] 


Cunesmen . n.pl. kinsfolk, xvg 6. 


Criatal(l), n. crystal, n 358, ix 32, 


[OE. cynnes, gen. + matin.] 


103, &c. [OFr. cristal.] 


Cunne(). See Can, Kyn. 


Crystemesse, n. Christmas, I 29. 


Cuntek, n. contest; yn cuntek, 


[OE. cristmesse.] 


vying with one another, I 31. 


Cristen(e), Cry s ten e, Crystyn 


[OFr. (only AFr.) contek, of 


(i), Krysten (vi), adj. Chris- 
tian, I introd., 82, VI 101, IX 


unknown origin.] 
Cuntenaunce, n. bearing, 11 293. 


an, XI a 37. &c.; as sb. pi. 


[OFr. cuntenance.] 


vin a 89. [OE. crtsten.] 
Cristendom, -dam, n. Christian 


Cuntray, -6, -ey. See Contray. 
Cuppes, n. cups, ix 256. [OE. 


lands, ix 214, xiv c 19. [OE. 


cuppeJ\ 


cristen-dom, Christianity.] 


Curse, v. to curse, I 98, 130, &c.; 


Croft, n. small field, vma 33, 


Corsed, Cursed, //. and a,//', v 


285,^17. [OE. croft.] 


128, 306, IX 85, &c. ; cursed 


Croppeth, $ pi. pres. nibble, vm a 


shrewe, VII 183, villa 153. 


33. [ON. kroppa.] 


[OE. (late) cut-nan, from Olr. 


Crouders, n. pi. fiddlers, n 522. 
[From ME. croud, croup (Welsh 
crwlK), fiddle.] 


cursagim.] 
Cursyng, n. cursing, v l 128, 154, 
261. [OE. (late) cut sung] 


Croun(e), Crowne, n. crown, 11 


Curteis, -eys. See Cortays. 


235, 415, vi 67, &c. ; crown of 


Custome, n. custom, IX 292, xi b 


the head, xiv a 10, n. [OFr. 


204, 206. [OFr. custunie.] 


coroune ; cf. ON. kriina. In the 




sense ' crown of head ' only the 


Dai, Day(e), n. day, I 138, vi 56, 


cr- forms appear.] See Corounej. 


XII a 68, &c. ; dawn, XII a 77 ; 


Crouned(e), pp. tonsured, ad- 


life-time, n 572, &c. (also//, vi 


mitted to holy orders, vill<5 58, 
62, 67. [OFr. corouner.] See 


56, VII 39) ; dates oli/e, old age, 
xii introd. ; time, in withinne 


prec. (which also in ME. had 


tuo monthe day, in two months' 


sense ' tonsure '), and Corounde, 


time, xii a 29 ; }ise daye) (gen. 


Vncrouned. 


sg.) longe, all (this) day long, 


Crowe, n. a crow, xii a 75. [OE. 


VI 173 (see Longe) ; by dayes, 


craive.] 


once upon a time, n 15; bi 



GLOSSARY 



this dai, (for) this day, vni a 
274; but an oath at xva 24, 
XVII 386 ; on a day, one day, n 
303 ; ]>is othir daye, the other 
day, XVI 148; J>is endre dai, 
a day or two ago (see Endre), 
xv a 4. [OE. dseg.} 

Dayesejes, n, pi. daisies, \\ b 4. 
[OE. dmges tage.} 

Dalf; Dalt. See Delnen ; Delen. 

Dam(e :, n. dame, lady, queen, 
II 63, 113, 322, villa 72, xvii 
298, &c. ; mother, villa 73, XVII 
324. [OFr. dame.'] 

Daraisel, Damysel(le), n. damsel 
(esp. young lady-in-waiting), 
ii 90, 144, VI I, 129. [OFr. 
damisele.'] 

Dampne, v. to damn, condemn, 
XI b 197, 306 ; Dampnet, pa. t. 
pi. VII 50; Darupned,//. XVI 
272 ; as sb. xvi 377. [OFr. 
dam(p}ner.~] 

Dan(e), Dan^, Master, Dom, an 
honourable title esp. prefixed to 
names of members of religious 
orders, I introd., Ill introd. 
[OFr. Dan (nom. Danz t Dans} ; 
L. Dom(i}mts.~] 

Danes, n. pi. Danes, xm<J 13. 
[Med. L. Dani. (cf. ON. 
Danir).~] 

Dang. See Dynge(n). 

Dar, v. dare, I sg. pres. II 336, 
villa 263, &c. ; 3 sg. IX 88, 
&c. ; Dare, pres. pi. XVI 
145 ; Dore(n), xi b 36, 199 ; 
Dorst(e),/a. /. sg. dared, xii b 
109, xiv c 21 ; Durst, n 140, 
427, ^2; pi. n 73, 84, x 130; 
Durst, pa. t. subj. (would) dare, 
XVII 479. [OE. dearr, durron ; 
dorste.~] 

Dare, v. to cower, V 190 ; ? Dard, 
pa. t. sg. VI 249 (see note). [OE. 
darian.~\ 

Dase, v. to be dumbfounded, xvii 
314. [OE. *dasian; d.darian, 
and ON. dasa-sk.~] 

Dastard, n. wretch, vile fellow, 
xvi 1 80, 203. [Perhaps formed 
with Fr. suffix -ard from dased, 
dast, pp. of prec.] 



Date, n. date, used in VI in various 
senses, some strained ; point of 
time, hour, vi 169, 181 ; season, 
144 (see Dere), 145 ; limit 
(beginning or end), 133, 156, 
*57 J 68, 180; to dere a date, 
1 too soon, 1 32 (cf. 126). [OFr. 
date.'] 

Daunce, Dance, n. dance, I 134, 
"7 \fa Plight, xiv b 73. [OFr. 
dance, daunce.~\ 

Daunce, Daunse, v. to dance, 
I 21, 72, 87, ii 298, xvo* 6; 
Daunsynge, . dancing, XI b 
139. [OFr. dancer."] 

Daw, n. (jackdaw), fool, xvii 
247. [OE. *dawe.~] 

Dawing, Dawyng, n. daybreak, 
first signs of dawn, IV a 94, X 42. 
[OE. dagung.] 

De. See Deye. 

Deaw, Dew, n. pi. dew, IX 59, 
XV b 28, &c.; May dew, dew 
gathered in May (believed to 
have medicinal and magical pro- 
perties) , ix 63. [OE. dfaw.] 

Debate, n. parleying, wrangling, 
v 1 80, xvi 142 ; ivythouten 
debate, putting aside contention, 
vi 30. [OFr. debat.] 

Debate, v. to contend, xn3 225; 
Debatande, pres. p. debating, 
vni. [OFr. debat-re.~] 

Declare, v. to set out, declare, 
VII 77, XII b 210. [OFr. de- 
clarer.'] 

Declyne, v. (to decline), fall ; con 
d. into acorde, came to an agree- 
ment (cf. ME.//// at (or of) 
accorde), VI 149. [OFr. de~ 
cliner.~\ 

Ded(e), adj. dead, i 195, 209, n 
1 08, &c. ; used as pp. of ' slay ', 
VII 92, xvi 148; was broght 
dede, was brought to death, died, 
i 213. [OE. dead.~\ See next, 
and DcJ). 

Ded(e), n. 1 death, I 212, iva 48, 
b 71, x 51, 77, 118, xvi 317, 
xvn 193, 543. [A variant, usu- 
ally Northern, of De}>, q.v.] 

Ded(e), w. 2 deed, act, feat, event, 
III 45, vil 38, 88, ix 312, xi b 



GLOSSARY 



255, xvi 24, &c. ; as obj. to do, 
I 79, \mb 9, xiia in ; be- 
haviour, way of acting, iva 62, 
XI 62 ; Dedis ofApostlis, Acts 
of the Apostles, XI b 285 ; in 
dede, in the actual performance, 
vil 23, xvi 72 ; to fre of dede, 
too lavish in its action, vi 121 ; 
in dede andpojte, in performance 
and intention, vi 164. [O E. <//.] 

Bed-day, n. death-day, vm 
inlrod. [OE. deaf-dag; see Dede 
(death), but here assimilation of 
)>d to dd is possible.] 

Ded(e), Deden, v. See Don. 

Dedir, v. to tremble, xvn 314. 
[Cf. MnE. dither.] 

Dedly, adj. mortal, XI b 208, 209, 
211. [OE. de 



Defaced, //. effaced, erased, in 

36. [OFr. de(s)facier, defacer.~\ 
Defaute, n. defect, xia 43, 44, 

57 ; lack, in for defaute of, for 

lack of, VIII a 200, XI b 250. 

[OFr. defaute] 
Defence, Defens (of), n. defence 

(against), IX 332, X 64, 135 ; of 

noble defetis, nobly fortified, II 

48. [OFr. defense.] 
Defend(e), v. to defend, v 49, 

villa 82, X 52, &c. ; to make 

defence, X 61, 191 ; make de- 

fence against, ward off, vil 85 ; 

Defending, n. defence, x 194. 

[OFr. defend-re] 
Defensouris, n. pi. defenders, X 

153. [OFr. defensour] 
Deffle, v. to defy, xvi 158. [OFr. 

de(s}fier.] 
Degiselich, adj. strange, wonder- 

ful, II 360. [From OFr. de(s}- 

guis(i)f.] See Gisely. 
Degrade (rime-form of), pa.t.sg. 

degraded, XVII 20. [OFr. 

degrader] 
Degr6, Degree, . position, rank, 

VIII b 71, XVII 21, 489; state 

(of preparedness), X 40. [OFr. 

degre.] 
Deye (vin), De (x), Dye(n), 

v. to die, II 189, vin a 269, 325, 

ix 150, x 73, &c. ; Deye,/;w. 

subj. vin a 92, 114; Deyd,/a. 



t.sg. 1215; Dy3ede,xivc 106; 
Deyden, pa. t. pi. \\\\b 41 ; 
do . . deye,garre . . dye, kill, vin 
a 269, xvi 164. [ON. deyja.] 

Deill, Deyll. See Dele, . 

Deyned,/a. /. //. deigned, vin a 
303. [OFr. deigner.] 

Deynte", n. delicacy, n 254. 
[OFr. deinte] 

Delaiement, . delay, XII b 152. 
[OFr. delaiement] 

Dele, Deill, DeyU, . part, 
quantity, in a grete dele, a great 
deal, xvil 450; ich a deyll, all, 
XVII 299 ; ylk a dele, ilke deill, 
altogether, IV a 27, X 75. [OE. 
d&l] .& Eueiydel, Halvendel, 
Somdel, &c. 

Dele(n), v. to divide, distribute, 
deal, mete out, perform, v 124, 
217, vi 246, vnia 91, xi ^ 270, 
272; Dalt, pa. t. sg. v 350; 
Deled,//, xin b 49 ; dele with, 
have to do with, xvi 63 ; with 
cognate obj. dele penny doyll, 
XVII 390 (see Doyll) ; delen ato, 
part (intr.\ II 125. [OE. 
dxlan.] 

Dele. See Deuel. 

Delit(e), Delyte, n. delight, IV b 
39, XII a 88, xvi 63 ; delytes of, 
delight in, IV b 62. [OFr. delit] 

Delitabill, adj. delightful, X /- 
trod. [OFr. delitable] 

Delytte, v. in delyttes paym (in), 
3//. refi., take delight (in), iv b 
42. [OFr. delit(i)er] 

Deliuer, adj. nimble, v 275; 
Deliuerly, adv. nimbly, quickly, 
X 58, 89. [OFr. de(s]livre. ] 

Deliverance, n. deliverance, Xll 
1 7. [OFr. delivrance] 

Deluen, v. to dig ; to bury ; vin a 
1 35 ; Dalf,/to. t. sg. XI v introd. ; 
Doluen, pa. t. pi. villa 184; 
Doluen,//. (dead and) buried, 
Vlii a 1 73. [OE. delfan.] 

Delueres, n. pi. diggers, vin a 
10 1. [OE. delfere.] 

Deluynge, n. digguig, villa 244. 
[OE. delfing.] 

Deme, Dieme, v. to judge, sen- 
tence, XII b 216, xvi 34 ; criti- 



GLOSSARY 



cize, vili a 75 ; consider, deem, 
XI b 190, 209, 211 ; ne deme 
thow non other, imagine nothing 
different, Vili a 173; speak, 
say, V 115 (note), VI i; with 
cognate obj. domes for te deme, 
to tell their tales, xv b 30. [OE. 
deman^\ 

Den, . cave, xillo 41, 42, 43. 
[OE. denn.] 

Den. See Dynne. 

Dene}, adj. Danish ; Dene) ax, an 
axe with a long blade and usually 
without a spike at the back, v 
155 (note). [OE. denisc ; OFr. 
daneis.~\ 

Deop. See Dep. 

Deores, n. pi. wild animals, xv b 
29. [OE. dear.] 

Departed(e), Depertid, pa. t. 
separated, VI 18 (intr.), vn 
145 (trans.} ; departed, IX 308, 
320; //. divided, IX i. [OFr. 
de(s)partir.] 

Dep(e), Deop (xm), adj. deep, 
xil b 1 1, xin a 39, xvi 377 ; as 
so., the deep (sea), vn 154, xn a 
1 60 ; adv. deeply, vi 46. [OE. 
deop ; adv. deope.] 

Depely, adv. deeply, greatly, vn 
114. [OE. deop-ttce.] 

Depertid. See Departed. 

Depnes, n. depth, XVI I 434, 460, 
520. [OE. deop-nes.] 

Depriue, -pryue, v. to deprive, 
VI 89, XVI 175. [OFr. depriver.] 

Dere, adj. dear; prized, I 258; 
beloved, I 125, VI 8, villa 91, 
xiv c i, xv/ i, xvn 172, 190, 
419, 527; my dere, my friend, 
villa 251; pleasing, VI 40; 
good, &c. (vaguely applied in 
allit poems), vi 132, 144, vn 
61 ; Derrist, super!, best, vii 
39. [OE. deore ; d?orra, corn- 
par, (whence also stem of ME. 
superl.).] 

Dere, . harm, I 166, xvn 317 ; 
maken J>e worlde dere, do injury 
to mankind (? or ' make the 
world dear to live in ' ; but cf, 
166), Vina 154. [OE. daw, 
influenced by derian.~\ 



Dere, v . to afflict, xiv b 10. [OE. 
derian.~\ See prec. 

Dere, adv. dearly, at great cost, 
iv a 80, vin a 75, xvn 373 ; a* 
me dere liketh, to my liking, 
VIII a 286. [OE. deore.'] 

Derffe, adj. doughty, VII 84. 
[ON. djarf-r, older, *deatf-.] 
See Deruely. 

Derke, n. darkness, VII 167. 
[OE. de(o)rc, adj.] See perk. 

Derlyng, n. darling, iv a 54. [OE. 
deor-ling.] 

Derne, adj. secret, XV b 29 (note). 
[OE. deme.] 

Derrist. See Dere, adj. 

Derthe, . dearth, famine (per- 
sonified), via a 324. [OE. 
deorfoi] See Dere adj. 

Deruely, adv. boldly, V 266. 
[ON. djatf-Kga.] See Derffe. 

Des, . seat, throne, xvii 17. 
[OFr. deis\ see N.E.D., s.v. 
Dais.] 

Des-, Dis-avauntage, . dis- 
advantage, xui 35, 37. [OFr. 
desavantage.] 

Deschaunt, n. descant, XI b 137 
(note). [OFr. deschant.] 

Desert, adj. uncultivated and deso- 
late, IX 200; n. desert, unin- 
habited land, IX 179, XI* 24. 
[OFr. desert.] 

Deserue(n), v. to deserve, vili a 
43> b 32 ; to earn, VIII a- an, 
b 43, 47. [OFr. deservir.] See 
Serue(n). 

Desyre, n. desire, IV a 5, XI b 295. 
[OFr. desir.] See Dissiret. 

Desplaid, //. unfurled, II 294. 
[OFr. despleier.] 

Desport, n. amusement, IX 276; 
do desport, play, make merry, 
xn a 174. \Qifi.ekspfrt.] 

Desserte, n. deserts, merit, vi 235. 
[OFr. desserte] 

Desspendoure, n. steward, al- 
moner, ill 21. [OFr. despen- 
doiir.] See Spendere. 

Destine", n. fate, V 217 ; Fate, 
villa 269. [OFr. destinee] 

Destresse, n. distress, II 514. 
[OFr. destresse] 

3 



GLOSSARY 



Dot, . debt, xvii 222; Dettes, 
//. vin a 92. [OFr. dette.~] 

Determynable, adj. decisive, 
authoritative, VI 234. [OFr. 
determinable.'] 

Determination, n. authoritative 
decision, XI b 263. [OFr. 
determ inacion , ] 

DeJ>, v. See Don. 

Dep(e), Deth, n. death, n 332, 
v 37. vii 9, vin a 324 (the 
Plague), &c. [OE. d^.\ See 
Ded(e), adj. and w. 

Deuel(l), Deuelle, Deuyl(l), 
Dele (v), . devil, Devil, iv b 
20, 26, v 120, vnia 56, 114, 
xi b 105, xv h i6,xvi 341, 399, 
&c. ; what deuel, what the devil, 
xvi 223. [OE. di'ofol.'] 

Deuelway ; in]>c d., in the Devil's 
name, xvi 133. [See N.E.D., 
s.v. Devil 19.] 

Deuere, . duty, xvii 319. [OFr. 
deveir^ 

Devyded (in), pp. divided (into), 
IX 28. [L. dlvidere^ 

Deuise, -yse, Devise, v. to des- 
cry, II 312 ; to describe, relate, 
1x267,268,371. [OFr. deviser ; 
see N.E.D., s.v. Devise.] 

Deuocio(un), Deuocyun, . de- 
votion, devoutness, pious prac- 
tice, I 18, v 124, xi b no, 120, 
XII a 14, &c. [OFr. devotion.} 

Deuote, Deuout, adj. devout, 
VI 46, XI b 58, &c. [OFr. 
dcvot.] 

Deuoutnes, n. devoutness, Xiv c 
79. [From prec.] 

Dew, Dewly, See Du, Duly. 

Dyaene, n. deacon, in 9, 12; 
Diaknen, dat.pl., in 5. [OE. 
diacon, OFr. diacne.~] See 
Archidekenes. 

Dyamand, Dyamaund, n. dia- 
mond, ix 33, 36, &c. [OFr. 
diamant, altered form of ade- 
mant ; see Ademand.] 

Diche, Dyche, n. moat, dike, n 
361, vi 247; notion in VI appar. 
releasing of water pent up by a 
dam. [OE. die.] 

Dyd, Dide(n). See Do(n). 



Dye(n). See Deye. 

Diemed. See Deme. 

Diete, v. refl. to diet (oneself). 

villa 263. [From OFr. diete, n.] 
Diffynen, /;*. //. determine, fix, 

IX 315. [OFr. defitir.~] 
Digge, Dyggen, v. to dig, II 255, 

IX 231 ; Digged, pa. t. pi. 
V 1 1 1 a I o r . [? OFr. diguer; see 
N.E.D.~] 

Dyggynge, n. digging, ix 201. 
Dignyt6, n. dignity; of dignyte, 

worshipful, xvii 166. [OFr. 

dignete.~\ 

Dy;ede. See Deye. 
Dijte, Dighte, Dyjte, Dyghte, 

v. to arrange, prepare, make, 

1 3> v I S5. vnia 286; dijte, 

arrayed for battle, xiv b 34 ; 

dyght to dede, put to death, XVil 

543. [OE. dihtan.] 
Diken, Dyken, v. to dig, VIII a 

!35> J 84. [OE. dfcian.] 
Diker(e), Dyker, n. digger, 

ditcher, villa 101, 325. [OE. 

d if ere.] 
Dykynge, digging, ditching, villa 

244. [OE. dieting.'] 
Diligently, adv. watchfully, IX 

191. [From OFr. diligent.'] 
Dim, adj. faint, II 285 ; Dimme, 

adv. faintly, xn b 31. [OE. 

dimm. ] 
Dymes, n. pi. tithes, xi b 300. 

[OFr. di(s}me, from L. decima \ 
Dimuir, adj. calm, xiv c 37. 

[OFr. *detneur, in demeuremcnt. 

soberly.] 
Dyne, v. trans, to eat (at dinner), 

VIII a 303 ; 2 sg.pres. subj. villa 

2 57 ; Dyned, //. intr. had 

dinner, VIII a 274. [OFr. 

di(s}ner.~\ 
Dyner, n. dinner, VIII a 286. 

[OFr. dinner.] 

Dynge(n), v. to strike, smite, beat, 
V 37 (MS. dynnej), vin a 135, 

xvi 1 80, 203 ; Dang, pa. t. pi. 

X 54. [OE. *dingan ; cf. dencgan, 
ON. dengfa.'} 

Dynne, n. noise, xvi 234, 284 ; 

Den, XV h 2. [OE. dyne.'] 
Dynt, n. stroke, blow, v 48, 155, 



GLOSSARY 



196, XV h 2 ; dynt of honde, a 
blow (with a weapon), v 37, 
VII 92. [OE. dynt.'} 

Diol. See Dole. 

Dirige, w. (dirge), matins in the 
office for the dead, vin b 48, 
XI b 132 (note). [L. dirige.} 

Disceit, . deception, wile, xi b 
171, 311. [OFr. deceitt.~\ 

Disoeyue(n), v. to deceive, 1x112, 
xi b 92. [OFr. deceiv-re, 
decev-eir.~] 

Discende, pa. t. descended, xvi 
77. [OFr. descend-re,~] 

Disciple, n. disciple, XI b 15, XII 
introd. [OFr. disciple.} 

Discord, n. discord ; without dis- 
cord, in peace (or incontestably ; 
cf. Distance), xvn 31. [OFr. 
discord.'} 

Discrecyone (of), n. ? separation 
(from), iv b 69. [OFr. dis- 
cretion^ 

Discre(e)t, adj. judicious, discern- 
ing, vni b 88, ix 295. [OFr. 
discret^\ 

Disour(e)s, n. pi. professional 
story-tellers, jesters, I introd., 
vili a 56. [OFr. disour.~} 

Dispisen, v. to despise, xi3 93, 
179. [OFr. despire, despis-.} 

Dysplesej, Displeases, v. 3 sg. 
pres. displeases, vi 95, xvn 
85 ; imper. pi. (intr.} be dis- 
pleased, vi 62. [OFr. desplais- 
>.] 

Dysseuer, v. depart, XVII 27. 
[OFr. dessevrer.} 

Dissiret, pa. t. desired, VII 114. 
[OFr. desirer.} See Desyre. 

Disstrye}. See Distroie. 

Distance, . quarrelling ; -without 
distance, indisputably, xvil 57. 
[OFr. destance.-} 

Distreynen, v. to afflict, ix 315. 
[OFr. destreindre, destreign-.} 

Distroie, -oy(e), Destroye, v. to 
destroy, vn 28, ix 2 15, xi b 215, 
xvn 93; Disstryej, pres. pi. 
v So?. [OFr. destrui-re ; with 
disstrye) cf. Byled, Nye.] 

Distroiynge, n. destruction, XI b 
loo. [From prec.] 



Dysturble, v. to disturb, I 16. 
[OFr. destorirbler.'} 

Ditees, n. pi. poems, xn introd. 
[OFr. </i#.] 

Diuers(e), Dyuers(e), adj. vary- 
ing, divergent, Xin3 44; differ- 
ent, various, ix 16, 287, 289, 
XII a 55, &c. ; dyners maner(e}, 
different kinds of, XIII b 47, 48 ; 
ich matter diners animal, every 
kind of different animal, n 364. 
[OFr. divers.'} 

Dyuersitees, -eei}, n.pl. (strange) 
varieties, ix 266, 280. [OFr. 
diversite.} 

Do(n), Doo, v. I 219, IV b 65, 
ix 169, &c. to do ; to done (OE. 
to donne), villa 104, 197, IX 
160; 2 sg. Dos, xvn 196; 
Doste, vin a 75 ; Dot}, vi 196 ; 
3 sg. De]> (OE. dep\ in 60 ; 
Dose, iv a 57, &c. ; Dot}, v 
143; Do)>, n 112, &c. ; //. 
Don(e), II 2, vino 220, &c. ; 
Dos, I 157 ; Do]) (MS. doh), 
*xv b 22 ; imper. pi. Dot}, vi 
161, 176; Dop, I 82, II 218. 
Pa. t. sg. Ded(e), I 176, II 232, 
Hi 17, &c. ; Dyd, I 166, &c. ; 
Did(e),xi 13, xvnii (isg.), 
&c.; //. Dedefn), n 32, xvz 
13; Diden, xi b 247. Pres. 
p. Doande, IV b 9 ; //. Do, 
XI b 271, xila 107, &c. ; 
Doyne, xvn 139; Don(e), ix 
326, xiva 24, &c. ; Ydo, n 
381 ; Ydone, 11 76. (i) To act, 
do, make, perform, work, II 32, 
ill 17, ivb 9, 25, vi 161, xiv^38, 
&c.; to exert, xi b 6 ; representing 
any verb understood, I 157, II 
112, &c. ; be to done, es to doo, 
is to be done, IV b 65, vin a 
197 ; dob at, act according to, 
I 82 ; don gret pyne, toil hard, 
VI 151 ; don himfelaschipe, bear 
him company, XII a 24 ; do} jour 
best, do your best, n 218 ; do pi 
best, get on as best you can, n 
1 26 ; made hymself to done, set 
himself to work, vili a 104. (ii) 
To make, cause to, III 60, vi 
196 ; ded come, fetched, I 176; 



GLOSSARY 



do deye, kill, vin a 269 ; dot) 
me drede, makes me afraid, v 
143; do(n) to tvyte, to vnder- 
stande, give (one) to understand, 
inform, II 3, vm a 56 ; followed 
by infin. (without expressed 
snbj., as did it wryte, had it 
written), I introd., 218, Vina 79 
(note), and (merging into mere 
auxil. as in Mn.E.) i 167, xvi 203, 
xvn 326, &c. (cf. Gar), (iii) To 
put, I 219, VI 6 ; dede on (upon), 
donned, n 343, xil a 53 ; don 
awei, set aside, abolished, XI b 
206. (iv) Refl. in dede him out, 
went out, n 232, 474. (v) Pp. 
finished, I 68, xvn 139 ; at an 
end, xiv a 24; past, over, n 76, 
VII 167, XVII 148 ; haue done, 
(get it done), be quick, xvn 316, 
352, 480. / haue at do, I have 
something to do, xvn 235 (see 
At) ; do way !, enough !, II 226. 
[OK dm; dyde (dede, dw.ie), 
pa. t.; see Morsbach, ME. Gram., 
130, . 6.] See Vndo. 

Docke, v. to curtail, mutilate, XI a 
57. [Obscure.] 

Doctours, . //. doctors (of the 
Church), xi a 27. [OFr. 
doctour."] 

Dojty, Doughty, Douhti, adj. 
doughty, v 196, vn 84, xivr 
106; as sb., v 266. [OE. 
dohtig.-] 

Dojtyr, Doghter, -yr, Doujter 
(vm), Dowhter (xn), n. 
daughter, I 44, 47, 215, villa 
14,73, Xlla 192, &c. ; Doghtyr, 
gen. sg. I 1 36 ; [OE. dol:tor.~] 

Doyne. See Do(n). 

Doyll, n. dole, what is distributed 
in charity ; fenny doyll, mass- 
penny, the offering for a mass 
for the soul of one dead, xvi I 390: 
[OE. (ge-}ddir\ See Dele(n). 

Doynge, n.; d. awaye of, putting 
away, IV b 61 ; doyngis, affairs, 
XI b 290. [OE. doling.] 

Bold, adj. stupid, xvn 266. 
[ Related (as dulled to dull} to 
OE. dol.~] See Dull. 

Dole, Diol (n), n. lamentation, 



grief, misery, II 198, vni a 114, 

xiv b 10, xvi 347. [OFr. dot, 

doel, deal, dial, &c.] 
Dol(e)ful, adj. doleful, xiv b 72, 

xvAi6. [Free. + ->/.] 
Doluen. See Delucn. 
Dome, n. judgement, XVI 319 ; 

doom, I 173; award, VI 220; 

domes for te deme, to converse, 

xv b 30 (see Deme). [OE. domf\ 
Domesday (e), Domysday, . 

Doomsday, iva 35, xi 48, 

xvii 25. [OE. domes daeg.~] 
Donge, n. dung, manure, VIII a 

283. [OE. dung.-} 
"Dovfoefy, pres.pl. moisten, xv3 28. 

[Unknown ; cf. Mn.E. dank.] 
Dore, Doore (xvn), . door, XII a 

70, XVII 137, 280, 376. [OE. 

duru ; dor.~\ 

Dore(n), Derate. See Dar. 
Dosnyt,//. dazed, stunned, X 129. 

[Obscure.] 
Dote, n. dotard, fool, XVII 265. 

[] From next.] 
Dote, v. to talk folly, XVII 367. 

[Cf. MDu. doten ; ? OFr. redoter.~] 
Dot3, Dop. See Do(n). 
Doubill, Double, adj. double, 

X introd., xna 162. [OFr. 

double^ 
Doufe ; Doujter ; Douhti. See 

Dowue; Dojtyr; Dojty. 
Doumbe, adj. dumb, XI b 175. 

[OE. dumb.'] 
Doun, n. down (feathers), XII a 95. 

[ON. <-.] 
Doun(e), Down(e), adv. down, 

I 76, 194, n 69, X 101, &c. 

See Adoun. 
Dounes, n.pl. hills, xv b 28. [OE. 

dun.'] 
Dousour, n. sweetness, vi 69. 

[OFr. dousur.'] 
Dout(e), n. fear, I 147, XII a 144, 

xiv a 14 ; (fear of) danger, X 38, 

[OFr. dmite.'] 
Doute, v. to fear, vn 114; Dutte, 

pa. t.sg. V 189. [OFr. douterf] 
Dowhter. See Dojtyr. 
Dowid, //. endowed, XI b 140. 

[OFr. do(u)er.~\ 
Dowue, Dowfe, Doufe, n. dove, 



GLOSSARY 



xvi 78, xvii 484, 505, 514. 
[OE. ? *dufe ; ON. </>.] 

Drad, Dradde. See Drede(n). 

Dragounes, n. pi. dragons, IX 
203. [OFr. drag-on."] 

Dray(e), n. commotion, XIV b 34, 
xvi 146. [OFr. de(s)rai.'] 

Draught, n. (a move in chess), an 
artful trick, XVI 399 (see Drawe). 
[OE. *drxht, related to next.] 

Draw(e), v. trans, to draw, drag, 
pnll, bring, &c.,iv 19, ix 124, 
x 82, xin a 33, xvi 319; to 
cart, villa 283; intr. move, 
proceed, &c., xvii, 245 ; Drogh, 
pa. t. sg. xv a 1 2 ; Drou, xv g 
1 6 ; Drouh, Drowh, xil a 
J 55> b 73. I2 4! Droghe, pa. 
t. pi. vn 88; Drew, x 58; 
Drawe,//. XII b 90, xnia 35 ; 
Drawyn, x 124; Ydrawe, n 
295. ftou drawes to wittenesse, 
thou citest, XVI 279 ; drawe vs 
no draught, make no move 
against ns, play us no trick 
(a chess metaphor ; cf. Chaucer, 
Bk. Duchesse, 682), xvi 399; 
droti hymselue bi J>e top, tore his 
hair, XV 16 ; drawe to, toward, 
approach, ~x.nl> 124, xili a 57 ; 
draweth (to) colottr lyke, ap- 
proaches the colour of, ix 34 
(note) ; drawe after, take after, 
resemble, xin b 6. [OE. 
dragan.~] See Vp-, With-drawe. 

Draw-brig, . drawbridge, x 165. 
[Free. + ON. bryggja] See 

Brygge. 

Drawynge (infill), n. coming (to), 
iv* 63. 

Drede, n. fear, I 147, 211, &c. ; 
doubt (ff. Dredles), in I puit jou 
holly out of d., I assure you, 
xiv c 1 2 ; ensample and drede 
ajens, a fearful caution against, 

, I 261 ; for drede, in fear, V 190, 
xvii 212; in spite of their 
fear (of me), XVI 146. [From 
next.] 

Drede(n), Dred, . trans, to fear, 
iv b 85, v 287, xi 141, xvii 47, 
55; intr. to be afraid, iva 31 
(with of), 6 1, v 143 ; rejl. to be 



afraid, XI a 61, XilJ 67, 108 
(dradde him unto, was afraid of). 
Dradde, pa. t. xn<5 67, 108; 
Dredde, i 145, xiv c 30, 62 ; 
Drad,//. xiv c 19. [OE. (on)- 
dredan, -dr%dan.~] See Adrad. 

Dredles, Dreid(les), adj. fearless, 
V 266; (parenthetic) without 
doubt, x 88. [From Drede, .] 

Dreed, pp. endured, xvii 533. 
[OE. dreogan, str. v.] 

Dregh, Dre}, adj. heavy ; tedious, 
iv a 12 ; adv. heavily, forcibly, 
V 195. [ON. drjug-r, older 
*dreog-C\ 

Dreie. See Druyse. 

Dreynte, pa. t. drowned (intr.), 
xil a 135 ; Dreinte, //. xn a 
167. [OE. drencan, drencte.~] 

Dreme, . noise, \v A 16. [OE. 
dream."] 

Dremys, n. pi. dreams, XI b 73. 
[ON. draum-r, appar. identified 
in form with OE. dream, noise, 
music ; see prec.] 

Drepit, //. smitten, vii 9. [OE. 
drepan] 

Dresse, Dres, v. (to direct) ; to 
arrange, ordain, vi 135 ; to set 
(up), X 1 6 ; / -will dres me to, 
I will get ready to, xvii 238. 
[OFr. dresser.] 

Drife, Dryfe. See Dryue. 

Dry5tyn, . God, V 70. [OE. 
dry/iten.'] 

Drink, Drynk(e), Dryng, . 
drink, xv* 14, 15; esp. in mete 
and drink, &c., see M te ; //. 
potions, vni a 269. [From 
next.] 

Drynke(n), v. to drink, ix 6. 256, 
&c. ; drink strong drink, via a 
*tf\fig> P-iy the penalty, pay 
for it, XVII 380 (or drown ; but 
cf. N.E.D., s.v. Drink 16) ; 
Drank, pa. t. pi. I 158 ; Dron- 
ken,//. in ben lyghtly d., easily 
get drunk, IX 14 ; Ydronke, 
vill a 274. [OE. drincan.~] 

Dryue, Driue ; Dryfe, Drife 
(XVII), z>. trans, to drive, Vina 
128, 184, b 19, xv h 2, xvii 
273 ; intr. to hasten, 1171, xvii 



GLOSSARY 



193 ; as }ai mljt driue, as fast 


Ebreu, n. Hebrew (language), 


as they could go, II 141 ; 


XI a 44; Ebrew, IX 208, 212. 


Dryuen, //. (intr.) hurtled, v 


[OFr. (h}ebreu.-] 


195. [OE. drt/an.] See To- 


Echo, adj. each, vm a 104, xi3 


dryue. 


6, 19, &c. ; eche a, every, vm a 


Drogh(e). See Draw(e). 


2, 189, 243; pron. each one, 


Drone, Browne, v. to drown, 


II 403, XI b 47. [OE. /<:.] See 


vii 154, xvn 372. [See 


Ich, Ilk, Vch. 


N.E.D.-] 
Dronke-lewe, adj. given to 


Echone, /;#. each one, I 51, 196; 
Echoune, I 49. [Prec. + OE. 


drunkenness, xi b 197. [OE. 


an.-] 


druneen-lxwe.] 


Een ; Best ; Eet. See Eije ; Est ; 


Dronken. See Drynke(n). 


Ete(n). 


Drou(h), Drown. See Draw(e). 


Eft(e), adv. afterwards, again, 


Drought, . dry weather, Vina 


once more, thereupon, I 141, 


283. [OE. drugo}, *druhj>-.} 
Druyje, Dreie (xn), Dry(e),a<#. 


143, 229, 235, n 211, v 227, 
320, xvu 241, 448. [OE. eft.} 


dry, I 120, xn b 23, xvn 370; 


Eftsone, adv. (soon) afterwards, 


as sb., xiv c 30. [OE. dryge (Kt. 


villa 163; immediately, XII b 


*%).] 
Du, Dew, adj. belonging ; was 


68, 70. [Prec. + OE. sona.~\ 
Eftsone}, adv. soon afterwards, 


dew to, belonged to, VII 61 ; hor 


straightway, v 349; Eftsonis, 


du nyghtis, the nights belonging 
to them, vii 127 ; Duly, Dewly 


X 4. [Prec. + adv. -.] 
Efterward. See Afterward. 


(XVI), adv. correctly, rightly, as 


Egge, . (edge, cutting weapon), 


is due, vii 60, 64, xvi 248. 


axe, v 324. [OE. ecg.~\ 


[OFr. deii, </.] 


Eggyng, . incitement, iv 84. 


Duell(e). See Dwelle(n). 


[From ON. eggja, to egg on.] 


Duine, //. wasted, II 261. [OE. 


Egyrly, adv. fiercely, X 133. 


dwtnan ; dwlnen, pp.] 


[From OFr. aigre, egre.~] 


Duk(e), n. duke, vn 84, 92, xiv^ 


Egle, n. eagle, ix 247, 251 ; egle 


65, &c. [OFr. due.] 


hys for egles (gen. sg.), XIII 022. 


Dull, adj. stupid, foolish, vii 50. 


[OFr. aigle, egle.-] 


[OE. ? *dylle, rel. to dot.'] 


Ei}e, . eye ; sg. Eye, ix 304 ; 


Dulle, v. to make dull, stupefy, 
XII introd. [From prec.] 


Ye, I 149, 192 ; Yje, vi 207 ; 
Yhe, xii a 7 1 ; //. Een, vn 57 ; 


Dure, Duyre, v. to endure, last, 


E}e,xvf 14; Eyen, vino 168; 


remain, vm a 58, b 25, XIII a 3, 


Eije, II 327, 591 ; Eyjen, n 


xiv 4:4. [OFr. durer.~\ 


in; Yhen, xn a 106. [OE. 


Durst. See Dar. 


eage, fge.} 


Dusche, n. crash, X 106. 


Eir. See Er, adv. 


[Echoic.] 


Eyle}>, 3 sg.pres. ind. ails, troubles, 


Duschit,/a. t. sg. crashed, X loi. 


Vina 122, 254; Alls, XVII 294. 


[As prec.] 


[OE. cglan, to molest.] 


Dutte. See Donte. 


Eiste, . goods, xv^ 20. [OE. 


Dwelle(n), Duell(e), v. to linger, 


&ht. On st for ht, see App., 


tarry, XII b 146 ; to dvjelle in, 


p. 278.] 


to dwell on, XI b 130 ; to 


Eyper. See Aither. 


remain, abide, iva 90, ix 173, 


Ek(e), adv. also, II 323, villa 


XII b 172, xvi 304, &c. ; to live, 
dwell, IX 10, 165, 288, &c. 


282, XII b 195. [OE. e(a)c.-\ 
Elles, -ej, -is, Els (xvn), Ell 


Dwelling, . xiv a 24. [OE. 


(ix), adv. otherwise, else, if not, 


dwellan.] 


vi 131, Vina 175, 227, ix 132, 



GLOSSARY 



xi b 25, 241, 246, xvi 305, &c. ; 


meste e. of all J>i kynne, the 


pleonastic in apodosis to bate, 


furthest point (to which one can 


but if, I introd., VI 1 1 a 307 ; 


go back) in your ancestry, XVI 


(any one) else, V 40 ; (introducing 


232 ; see Fer, Laste, Partener, 


threat), or (else), xvii 299. [OE. 


Tonne, Tweluetnonth ; (ii) bor- 


elks.-} 


ders, confines, ix 180; (iii) 


EUeswhere, adv. elsewhere, 


object, XII a 21; to pat e.pat, 


away, XII b 180. [OE. elles- 


&c., in order that, IX in, 281 ; 


hwier.~\ 


(iv) result, success ; \beii\ triet 


Elmesses. See Almes. 


in pe e., turn out trustworthy, 


Emang, Emong. See Amang, 


VII 17 ; bryng to an e., accom- 


Amonge. 
Emell, prep, among (following 


plish, IX 169 ; make an e., bring 
it about, XII a 48 ; betre (wars) 


pron.) xvi 104. [ON. a (or /) 


ende, advantage, disadvantage, 


milli.-} 


xin a 59, 60; (v) fate, death, 


Empeyre, v. to impair, ix 338. 


vn 180; make e. of, destroy, 


[OFr. etnpeirer.-] See Apeyre. 


xvn 104. [OE. dnde.-] 


Emperise, n. empress, VI 8r. 


Ende, v. trans, to end, I 206 ; to 


[OFr. emperesse, with substitu- 


complete, VI I 4; intr. to come 


tion of fern, suffix -ice.~\ 


to an end, vn 29 ; to continue 


Emperour(e), . emperor, IX 260, 


to the end, xi* no. [OE. 


xn* 191, 211. [OFr. empe- 


e"ndian.~\ 


r(e}our.-] 


Endyng, n. ; wilhmvten e., for 


Empyre, n. Imperial sway, VI 94. 


ever, eternally, iv a 96, IX 335. 


[OFr. etpire.~\ 


[OE. endung^ 


En, prep, in Fr. phrase, en exile, 
in exile, n 493. [OFr. en.~\ 


Endyte, v. to suggest or dictate 
(the form of words to be said or 


Enarmede, //. armed, VII 87. 


sung), I 56. [OFr. endit(i}er] 


[OFr. enarmer.-] See Armyt. 


Endles(se), adj. endless, eternal, 


Encerche, v. to explore, ix 273. 


iv a 90, vii 2, xvi 35, &c. ; 


[OFr. encerchier.-} See Serche. 


Yendles, xvi 1 24. [OE. ende- 


Enchauntements, n. pi. spells, 


leas ; 4nde- ; with Vend- cf. 


IX 84. [OFr. nchantewent.~\ 


Sederly (and see N.E.D., s.v. 


Enchauntour, n. sorcerer, ix 86. 


End}.-] 


[OFr. enchant(e)our.] 


Endorde,//. as sb. adored (one), 


Enchesone, Enchesun, n. cause, 


VI 8. [OFr. adorer- confusion 


occasion,! 2O2;forJ>atenchesone 


of prefix is probably English, 


of, on account of, I 43. [OFr. 


but cf. Enchesone.] 


acheso(u]n, encheso(i()n, &c. 


Endre, adj. latter, just passed ; 


For a similar alteration, see 


J>is endre dai, a day or two ago, 


Endorde.] See Chesouns. 


xv a 4, Introduction xii. [ON. 


Enclose, v. to shut up, enclose, 


endr adv., formerly.] 


IX 165, 168, 174, 227. [en + 


Enduir, -dure, Induyr, v. to 


Close ; cf. in cloos, s. v. Cloos, .] 


last, vn 39, xiv c 36, xvn 148, 


Encrees, v. to increase (intr.~), 


283 ; to bear, have the strength 


xvi 292. [OFr. encreis- (AFr. 


(to), xin a 42 ; endured in 


encres(s)-\ stem of encreistre.'] 


worlde strange, suffered severely 


Ende, . (i) end, limit I 95, 187, 


in the world (or ? remained 


V 112, vii 98, &c. ; atpe ende, 


strong in this world), VI 116. 


on the end, xn* 54; sette an 


[OFr. endurer.] 


e. of, put finishing touch to, 


Enemy(e). See Enmy. 


XII introd. ; without en e., for 


Enes cuiiiies. See Eny. 


ever, xvi 300, 404 ; the vttire- 


Enew. See Ynow. 



GLOSSARY 



Engendren, v. to beget offspring, 
IX 59. [OFr. engtndrer.~\ 

Engendroure, n. parentage, 
origin, vm a 228. [OFr. 
engendrure.~\ 

Engynys, . //. machines, X 33. 
[OFr. engin^\ See Gyn(e). 

Engynour, n. engineer (contriver 
of machines), X 71, 89. [OFr. 
engigneor.~\ See Gynour. 

Engli^sch, n. English (language), 
XI a 30, 37, 64, 65 ; Englysch, 
XIII b 29, 34, &c.; English, 
XI a 2 ; Englis(s), III introd. ; 
Englysshe, VII introd. Inglis, 
I introd. [OE. englisc.'] 

Englijsch, adj. English, xi a 34 ; 
Englisch,xiv<r 17; Englyssh, 
I introd. ; Inglis, x 43, xiv a 
26, b 10. [OE. englisc !\ 

Engli3sch(e)men, Englysch- 
men, . //. Englishmen, XI a 
28, 40, 52, xin b 9, 43, &c. 
[OE. englisc + mann.~\ 

Eny, adj. any, III 5, vm a 251, 
XIII 0-48 ; eny uyle, any length 
of time, vm b 25 ; in eny -weie, 
by any means, XI I a 16 ; Enes 
cunnes, xv^- 22, Eny kyns, 
VIII b 20, of any kind, any kind 
of (OE. *sentges cynnes}. [OE. 
&mg, Kt. eni(g}.~] See Ani, Ony. 

Enmy, Enemy(e), . enemy, IV a 
92, v 338, vm b 78, ix 81, &c. 
[OFr. enemi.'] 

Enogh. See Ynoj, Ynow. 

Enquestes, n. pi. inquests (in- 
quiries into matters of public or 
state interest), vm b 59. [OFr. 
enqueste.'] 

Ensa(u)mple, n. example, in- 
stance, I 202, XI b 298, 301 ;. 
cautionary instance, warning, 
I 261 (see Drede ; cf. next). 
[AFr. ensample altered, by con- 
fusion of prefixes, from OFr. 
essample.~\ See Sample. 

Ensamplen, v. refi.\ -wherof \lie~] 
may ensamplen him, from which 
he may take warning, XII b 223 
(cf. prec.). [From prec.] 

Entaille, n. fashion, xila 64. 
[OFr. entaille.] 



Entent(e), . purpose, vn 27 ; to 
what e., for what reason, XII b 
1 68; to pat e. to, to fat e. and 
ende pat, in order to, that, ix 
120, 280; mind, x 184; will, 
desire, IV a 2 2 ; with all thare e., 
with their whole minds, xvn 
1 13. [OFr. entent, entente^ 

Enterlac6, adj. interlaced, (verse) 
with alternate rime, Introduc- 
tion xv. [OFr. entrelace.} 

Entyrludes, n.pl. comic dramatic 
pieces, farces, I 5. [AFr. Centre- 
lude, Anglo-L. interludium.] 

Entysyd, pa. t. enticed, xvn 37. 
[OFr. enticier.'] 

Entre, Entere, v. to enter, xvi 
270, 282 ; entered in Judas, 
inspired Judas, xvi 165. [OFr. 
entrer.~\ 

Entrike, v. to deceive, XII a 1 16. 
[OFr. entriquer.'} 

Enveremyt, pa. t. surrounded, 
X 46. [OFr. environner ; the 
forms enverom- &c. first appear 
in English in I4th c.] 

Enuy, . envy, XVII 51. [OFr. 
envie.~\ 

Eorne, v. to run ; to flow, xin a 
23, 37. 54, 62 ; Yarn, pa. t. sg. 
ran, ill 43 ; Ourn, //. II 85 ; 
Vrn, ii 89. [OE. iomau \ pa. t. 
tarn, tlrnon.~\ See Ryn. 

Eorpe. See Erth(e). 

Erbeg, Herbes, n. pi. (green) 
plants, V 122, XII a 82. [OFr. 
(h}erbe.-\ 

Erde, . dwelling-place, own 
land, VIII a 194; in tag in erJe 
(on earth, among men), v 348, 
it is perh. a form of Erth(e). 
[OE. <!ard. The frequent ME. 
(Northern) form erd(e), earth, 
may, in part, be due to this ; but 
cf. Dede .] 

Er(e), Eir (x), adv. before, V 209, 
xil b 113; ere now, xvn 328; 
formerly, vi 12 ; earlier (with 
befor*) X 1 40 ; conj. before (usual ly 
with subj.), II 190, 256, V 152, 
204, 223, XII a 104, b 19 ; prep. 
before (in time), vm a 140. 
[OE. *r.] See Ar, Are, Or. 



GLOSSARY 



Er(e),/m. ind.pl. are, I introd., 
iv a 60, b 8, 53, 54, xiv a 6, 7, 
1 2, 1 8, 85, &c. [ON. eru.] See 
Ar(e), Es, &c. 

Ere, . ear, n 528, vin a 263, 
xn a 104, 32; Eris, //. xi 
159. [OE. eare.] 

Erie, Erye, z>. to plough, vin a 
4> 5> 67, ioo, 1 10. [OE. erian.] 

Erles, Erls, n. pi. earls, n 202, 
503, vn 84. [OE. tori, infl. 
in sense by cognate GN.jarl.] 

Erliche, adv. early, vuib 15; 
Erly, VI 146 ; e. and late, at 
all times, VI 32. [OE. eer-lice.] 
See Er(e), Ar. 

Ernde, w. the business (on which 
one has come), v 235. [OE. 
terende, message ; ON. erinde, 
&c. message, business.] 

Erre, v. to err, xi b 14. [OFr. 
errer.] 

Errour, . error, falsehood, here- 
tical opinion, VII 46, XI b 44, 77, 
215 ; speke errour, say what is 
mistaken, vi 62. [OFr. errour ^\ 

Ert. See Art. 

Erth(e), EorJ>e (xm, xiv c), 
Vrpe (vi), n. earth, soil, iv 4, 
12 ; the ground, iv* 36, V 161, 
IX 149, xm a 8, 15 ; the world, 
vi 82, xi a 8, xva 180; in 
erth(e), on earth, in the world, 
iv a 47, ix 332, xvi 363, xvn 
42, &c. ; in eorpe, XIV c no; 
vpon erthe, v 30 ; in erlh (sc. 
lufe in erth}, earthly (love), IV a 
10. [OE. eorfe, e"orj>e.] See Erde. 

Erth(e)ly, adj. earthly, iv a 29, 
b 12, 29, xvi 134, &c. [OE. 
eorf-lic.] 

Erytage, Herytage, . inheri- 
tance, vi 57, 83. [OFr. (Ii)eri- 
tage.] 

Es, 3 sg. prts. ind. is, I 7, *I28 
(note), IV a i, 5, 10, &c., 65, 
XIV a 5, 20, b 8, 9, xv a 9. [A 
Northern form. ON. es.] See 
Is, &c. 

Eschue, Eschuie, v. to avoid, 
escape, vin a 55, xn b 8. [OFr. 
eschiwer, eschuer.] 

Ese, Ays, n. comfort, pleasure, in 



him is ays, gives him pleasure 
or comfort, n 239 ; at ese, com- 
fortable, vill a 144 ; well off, 
xvn 388. [OFr. aise, eise.] 
See Malais, Missays. 

Esely, Esily, adv. without dis- 
comfort, XII b 91 ; easily, IX 
119. [From M E. ese, OFr. aide 
(related to prec.).] 

Est(e), Best (xvn), east ; adj. ix 
2 ; adv. XVI 333; n. IX 73, XIII 
b 5 1, xvi 1 453. [OE. east, adv., 
taste, n.] 

Ete(n), v. to eat, vin a 1 29, 258, 
298, ix 142, 242, xv g 25, xvn 
395 (see Bred), &c. ; Eet, pa. 
t. sg. VIII a 291 ; Ete, pa. t. pi. 
I 158, n 396 ; Eten, //. vin a 
261, ix 144 ; Etin, xiv b 74, 
76, 77. [OE. etan.] 

Euaungelistis, n. pi. evangelists, 
xi b 306. [L. evangelista.] See 
Awangelys. 

Euel(l). See Yuel. 

Euen, Eve, n. evening, III 54, 
Vina 178, xn b iS,_ xvn 205; 
see Morwe. [OE. s,fen, efen.] 

Euen(e), Euyn, Evin, adv. 
equally, exactly, just, quite, in- 
deed, I introd., vn 27, XII b 49, 
xvn 125, 290, 379, 462, &c. ; 
also, too, VII 51, 154; evin (till), 
just opposite, x 8 1 ; euene ryjt, 
exactly, xm a 47 ; euen Hym 
by, GO. a level with Him, xvn 
1 8 ; ful(f] euen, equally, as well, 
quite, xvi 280, XVII 10, 344. 
[OE. efen, efne.] 

Euenly, adv. exactly, XVII 258. 
[OE. efen- lice.] 

Euensong(e), . evensong, ves- 
pers, vi 169, xi b 131, 189, 224, 
241. [OE. efen-sang, -song.] 

Euentyde, n. evening, VI 222. 
[OE. efen-tid.] 

Euer(e), adv. ever ; always, con- 
tinually, for ever, I 94, vn 2, 
vni a 271. b ioo, &c. ; at any 
time, n 42, v 57, ix 327, &c. ; 
added to indef. relatives (?..), 
i 2, xvn 210, &c. [OE. &fre.] 

Euerich, Euerych(e), Eueri, 
adj. every, each, I 9, n 60, 517, 



GLOSSARY 



580, ix 63, xin a 22, 26, &c. ; 


179; mannes face, vin a 234 


eutrich a, every, n 490, xvii 


(note). [OFr.yfc*.] 


544. [OE. afre-ylc.-] See 
Eche, Ich, &c. 


Fader, Fadir, -yr, TTader (in), 
. father, I 1 22, II 29, III introd.. 


Euerichon, pron. every one, II 


VI II b 37, IX 286, &c. ; Fadir, 


189; Euerilkone, xvi 311 (in 
apposition to prec. noun). [Prec. 


gen. sg. xvi 79; Fadris, xvi 
36. (.OE. fader.-] 


+ OE. an.'] 


Fadirhode, n. fatherhood (as 


Everydel, adv. in every detail, 


title), ix 294. [Prec. + OE. 


xn a 147. [Eueri + Dele, q.v.-] 


Add.-] 


See Somdel. 


Faggatis, . //. fagots, x ill. 


Euermare, Euermore, adv. (for) 


[OVr. fagot.~] See Flaggatis. 


evermore, ever after, I 97,11 213, 


Faght. See Fight. 


IV a 2o,vma236,xiv64,&c.; 
now and always, vi 231. [OE. 
sfre + mare.'] See Mor(e). 


Fai, Fay, . faith, xivf 7; in 
French formula par ma fay, by 
my troth, VI 129. [OFr./.] 


Euermo, adv. evermore, n 168. 


See Feith, Parfay. 


[OE. afre + md.] See Mo. 


Faierie. See Fairi. 


Euyll. SeeVnel. 


Fayll, n. in withoutten fayll, 


Evidence, n. evidence, indica- 


withent fail, xvii 149. [OFr. 


tion (of what is to come), xn a 


faille.-] 


128. [OFr. evidence."] 


Fail(l)e, Fayl, v. to fail, be 


Evin, Euyn. See Euen(e). 


wanting, vin a 320, XI b 186, 


Euper, conj. ; euper . . and, both . . 


xiv c 35, xvn 274, 8cc.;faite 


and, vn 57. [OE. Kg-hw&per, 


(fayf) of, to fail in, miss, xvi 


Kgweper^\ See Aither. 


157, xvn 492 ; Fayled, 2 sg. 


Examyne, v. to examine, test, ix 


pa. t. were at fault, V 288; 


295, 297, 300. [OFr. examiner.'] 


Failet,//. in/ hym, he lacked, 


Excellent, adj. surpassing, ix 


VII 175. [OFr. /*'//*>.] 


270, 330; Exellently, adv.; 


Fayn(e), adj. glad, vi 33, 90, 


exellently of alle pyse oj>er, con- 
spicuously among all these 


vin a 266, 29^; fayn / wold 
(thaf), I would be glad (if), 


others, v 355. [OFr. excellent.'] 
Excuse(n), v. to excuse, v 63, 
360, XI b 8, 145, &c. [OFr. 


xvii 526. [OE. /#*.] 
Fayned. See Feynen. 
Fair(e), Fayr(e), Feyre (l), 


excuser.~\ 


Uayre (in), adj. fair, beautiful, 


Exile, n. ; en exile, in exile, n 493. 


I 63, II 7o,xvt 13, &c. ; excel- 


[OFr. en exile.~\ 


lent, good, &c., i 260, in 2, v 


Expownd, v. to expound ; / ex- 


250, vi 130, xni a 30, &c. ; 


pownd, it is my opinion, XVII 
440. [OFr. expondre."] 
Expres, v. to express, xvn 13. 


seemly, I 80 ; as sb. in patfaire, 
that fair being, IV a Si ; fay re 
myght the befall, may good luck 


[OFr. expresser."] 
Expresse, adv. definitely, xi b 63. 


come to you, xvii 514; Feyrest, 
Fairest, Farest, snperl. n 53, 


[OFr. expres, adj.] 


xv c 28, xvii 79, &c. ; as sb. the 




fairest (season), vn 99. [OE. 




ficgtr.] 


Fabill, Fable, n. fable, fabulous 


Faire, Fayre, adv. fairly; cour- 


tale, vi 232, vn 34, x introd. 


teously, vili a 25 ; well, V 161, 


[OFi.fadle.-] 


xvn 255 ; deftly, V 241 ; pro- 


Face, n. face, v 303, &c. ; distrib. 


perly (set out), vn 82. [OE. 


59 (see Hert), xm a 33 ; in His 


fxgre.~\ 


face, to His face, openly, XI b 


Fayre (s). See Fare, v. 



GLOSSARY 



Fairi, -y, Feyre", Paierie (xn), 


Falshed, . lying, vn 34. (Free. 


n. faery, fairyland, II 10 (the 


+ OE. *hxdu.~] 


feyre), II 283, 563; magic, n 


Falssyng, . breaking of faith 


193, 404,492, xii* 67. [OFr. 
faierie.'] 


(applied to the girdle as the 
cause; /".Kest), v 310. [From 


Pairnise, n. beauty, II 56. [OE. 


ME. fals(i}en; cf. OFr. 


faRger-nes.~\ 
Fais. See Foo, . 


falter.] 

Fame, n. rumour, tale, xil 189; 


Faitest, i sg.pres. beg under false 
pretences, vm b 30. [Back- 


of good f., of good repute, xvii 
141. [OFr./aw*.] 


formation from Faitour.] 


Famyn, n. famine, VIII a 319. 


Fayth, &c. See Feith. 


[OFr. famine.'] 


Faitour, n, impostor ; beggar, or 


Pand(e). .SV* Fynde(n) 


idler, feigning disease or injury, 
Villa 115, 177; (as term of 


Pang. See Fonge. 
Fantasyes, n. pi. delusions, imag- 


abuse), xvi 157, 209. [OFr. 


inings, ix 84, XI b 73. [OFr. 


faitour.~\ 


fantasie.'] 


Falce. See Fals. 


Fantosme, . illusion, xil b 75. 


Fall, n. fall, XII b 14. [OE. 


[OFr./HtfeM**.] 


(ge-yall.-} 


Fare, n. behaviour, practices, v 


Falle(n), Fall, v. to fall ; Pel, 


318, XVI 158; his feynit fare 


Fell(e),/a. t. sg. i 23, vn 25, 


fat he fore -with, the deceit he 


XII b 28, &c. ; Pyl, I intrcd., 25, 


practised, VII 44. [OE./aru.] 


28, 186 ; Failed, v 175 ; 


See Wei-fare. 


Fell(en), //. vn 95, ix 149; 


Fare, Fayre (xvii), v. to go, fare, 


Fyl, Pillen, I 194, n 15; Pal, 


behave, II 604, xvii 190, 255, 


Palle(n),//. vn 93 (slain), xil 


415; fare by, to, wij>, behave to- 


b 57, xvii 521, &c. ; fal yn 


wards, treat, I 256, vi 107, xiv^ 


a s-wone (corrupt, of fallyn 
aswone ; see Aswone), I 195. To 


95 ; fare) wel, &c., farewell, V 
81, xvii 238; Fore, pa. t. vn 


fall (down), I 194, II 327, &c. ; 
fel on slepe, fell asleep, II 72 ; 


93 ! fore with, practised, vii 44 ; 
dealt with, vn 176 ; Faren, //. 


to happen, turn out, come to 


departed, gone (by), vn 29, 


pass, I 23, II 8, v 183, 310 (see 


VIII a 99. [OE. faran}. See 


Foule), vii 25, xn b 1 8, &c. ; 


Ferde,/a. t. 


(with dat. pro'n.~) to happen to, 


Farest. See Faire. 


befall, vii 171, xil b 28, 184; 


Farleis. See Ferly, . 


to fall to one's share, V 175, 259, 


Fasor, n. appearance, VI 71. 


vn 76; hit fell horn of a foule 


\Ofr.faisure.'] 


tnde, an evil fate overtook them, 


Fast(e), adv. securely, I 101,11 94, 


VII 1 80; as fell for the wintur, 


IX 173, XII b 30, &c. ; as inten- 


for winter, vii 1 24. And my fry 


sive adv. varying with context, 


shal with me fall, my children 


n 1 1 8, v 335, vm a 102, xi b 


who will share my fate (? or who 


187, xn b 69, xvi 107, xvii 


I may happen to have) xvii 66 ; 


488, &c. ; quickly, V 147, XI b 


Fallyng, n. VII 109. [OE. 


274, XII b 104, &c. ; fast by, 


///.] A* Befalle. 


hard by, xm a 50. [OE.faste.] 


Fals(e), Falce, adj. false, lying, 


Pastes, ^ //. pres. fast, iv b 49. 


dishonest, v 314, vn 18, vm a 


[OE./*r/fl.] 


213, xi a n, xvii 35, 201, 


Path. See Feith. 


&c. ; as sb. vii 41 ; Falsly, 


Pauco(u)n, n. falcon, II 307, 312, 


adv. XI b 81. [OE.fais, from L. 
febut.] 


vm a 32, &c. [OFr./a?-0().j 
Fauntis, n. pi. children, villa 



GLOSSARY 



178. [Shortened from OFr. 

en/a(u]nt.~] 
Pauour(e), n. grace, beauty, VI 68, 

xvii 79. [OFr. favour.'] 
Fautlest, adj. superl, in on fe /., 

the (one) most faultless, V 295. 

[Error for, or red. of, faullesest ; 

OFr./awfc + OE. -leas.] 
Fautours, M. //. supporters, xi a 

i, 49. [L.fautor.'] 
Fawty, adj. faulty, V 314, 318. 

[From ME., OYr.faute, n.] 
Fe. See Fee, n. 1 
Feaw, Few(e), adj. pi. few, vi 

212, vn 52, xin b 50, xv a 19, 

&c. [OE. feawe.} See Fone. 
Fecche, v. to fetch, vma 150; 

Fette(n), fa. t. vm a 287, 

XII b 150, xvi 382 ; Yfet, //. 

II 170. [OE.feftan,/euan.] 
Fede, v. to feed, vm a. 247, xi b 

281 ; Fedde, pa. 1. vm a 292, 

xi /; 278, &c. ; TJedde, subj. 

would feed, III 8 ; Fedde, //. 

iv b 39. [OE. /&.] 
Fedynge, . feeding ; inf. of, for 

feeding, xi b 258. [QE.fcding.~] 
Fee, Fe, . 1 goods, xvn 309, 

326. [OE. fe(o}k, feo-.~\ Dis- 
tinguish next. 
Fee, rc. 2 fee (as a term of venery, 

the share given to the dog, 

falcon, &c.) ; some small gain 

in their hunting, xvii 490. 

[OFr. feu,fe, &c.] 
Feeldes ; Feele ; Feende ; 

Feere ; Feest. See Feld(e) ; 

Fele, adj. ; Fende; Fere M. 1 ' 2 ; 

Fest. 

Feghtande. See Fight. 
Feye, adj. doomed to die, XV c 20. 

[OE.y^.] 
Feill. See Fele, adj. 
Feynd(is). See Fend(e). 
Feyne(n), Fayne (vn), v. to 

feign, pretend, invent, vil 41, 

XI b i, 8 1, &c. ; feyned hem, 

pretended to be, villa 115; to 

falsify, VII 34; Feynit, //. 

false, VII 1 8 ; feynitfare, deceit, 

VII 44. [OFr. feindre, feign- .] 
Feyre"; Feyre(st). See Fairi; 

Faire. 



Feith, Fayth, Fath (xvn), &c ,. 
faith, xi b 13, 1 7 1, xvi 364, &c. ; 
plighted word, troth, v 216; 
**' my feith, in (god} fayth, 
&c., upon my word, V 297, 
Vina 266, xvn 228, 330, &c. 
[OFr. feid, later/**.] See Fai. 

Feythful, adj. honest, vm a 247 ; 
Feithfulliche, adv. honestly, 
villa 71; Faithfully, accu- 
rately, vn 78. [Prec.+OE. 
-ful.} 

Fel. See Falle(n). 

Felajschip, Felaschipe (xn), 
Felaushepe (i), Felowship 
(xvn), n. community, I introd. ; 
company, in here, don /. (with 
dat.pron.}, keep (one) company, 
v 83, xn a 24; friendship, xvn 
363. [Next + OE. -sape.] 

Felawe, Felowe, . fellow, I in- 
trod., xiv 0*7, 1 6 ; (contemptu- 
ous), XVI 284. [OE. feo-laga, 
from ON.fe-Iagt.'] 

Feld(e), Filde, Fylde, n. field, 
II 60, Vina 134, 232 ; field of 
battle, vn 45, 93; Feeldes, 
//. xiil a 19. [OE. /W.] See 
Afelde. 

Fele, Feele (xvi), FeiU (x), 
TJele (in), adj. many, II 401, 
522, m 2, v 349, vi 79, vn 29, 
x 55, 63, 141, xv b 10, xvi 61, 
&c. [OE.feIa, adv.] 

Fele, Feele, v. to feel, perceive, 
experience, iva 25, b 45, VI25, 
xiil a 26, xvi 346 (see Fitte), 
xvn 121, &c. ; 2 sg. subj. v 204 ; 
Felte, pa. t. I 156, 163. [OE. 
fe!an.~] 

Fell, v. to fell ; to destroy, iva 47. 
[OE. fellan.} 

Fell(e), Fellen. See Falle(n). 

Fell(e), adj. deadly, cruel, v 154, 
VI 7, VII 82, 109, XIV b 33; 
Felly, Fellyche (i), adv. cru- 
elly, terribly, I 130; fiercely, 
V2 34 . [OFr.//.] 

Felloune, adj. grim, deadly, X 
115, 192. [QT?T.feloun.'\ 

Femayll, Femele (ix), adj. 
female, IX 58, XVII 152. [OFr. 
Jemelle.] 



GLOSSARY 



Fend(e), . devil, Devil, V 125, 
viii a 82, ix 93, xi b 3, 220, 
xvi 340, &c. ; Feende, xvi 9, 
14, &c. ; Feynd, xvn 35, 43. 
[OE. feond.~] 

Fende, v. to defend, xvi 30. 
[Shortened from Defende, q.v.~] 

Fenyl, n. fennel, xv b 18. [OE. 



Fenyx, n. Phoenix, VI 70. [OE. 
fenix, L. pJunnix.] 

Per, Perre, Par, adj. and adv. 
far, IV b 36, v 24, XIII a 27, 
xv-5,xvii439, &c. ; as/eras, 
in so far as, ix 293 ; (vn]to the 
fer(re) ende, to the very end, VH 
78, 95. Per(re), Pyrre (v, vi), 
compar. farther, v 83, xiv 18 ; 
away, XVI 156, 336; further, 
vu 97 ; moreover, v 53, vi 184; 
fyrre pen, beyond, vi 203. [OE. 
feorr ; feorr, firr compar.] See 
Ferforth, Fyr}>er. 

Perde, n. fear, in for ferde, in 
fear, v 62, 204, xvil 315. 
[Prob. false division of for- 
fer(e)d, pp., terrified ; OE. */or- 
fxran, -feranj] See next. 

Ferd(e), //. afraid, v 314, XIV b 
93, XVII 102 ; at xvi 209 rime 
requires fiaide (see Flay and 
note). [OE.faeran,j f eran.'] 

Perd(e), pa. t. fared, xn a 43, 
145 ; ferd with, dealt with, X 
172. [OE./mz.] See Fare, v. 

Fere, Peere (xvi ), n? companion, 
xv/ 5 ; wife, v 343, xvi 352. 
[OE./2nz.] 

Pere, Feore, .* company, in in 
fere, &c., all together, collec- 
tively, xvi 126, 364, 385. [OE. 
ge-fere; but this use is prob. 
partly developed from ME. 
y-fere(n\ OE. ge-Jeran, pi., (as) 
companions.] See Yfere. 

Fere, n? fear, villa 177, 292. 



Fere, . 4 outward appearance, 

vu 1 8. [Shortened from OFr. 

afe(i}re.~\ 
Fere-flunderys, n.pl. fiery sparks, 

XV A 12. [See Fyr ; cf. Mn.E. 

and &\o\. flinders, splinters.] 



Ferforth, adv. far, xn b 190. 

[OE. feorr + forj>^ See Fer. 
Perked, pa. t. sg. flowed, v 105. 

[OE.fer(e')i:taii, go.] 
Perly, adj. wonderful, II 4 (note) ; 

adv. wondrously, extremely, I 
xv b 10. [OE. fier-ltce, 
ly, prob. infl. by ON. 

ferliga monstrously ; see next.] 
Ferly, n. a marvel, v 346, x 1 34 ; 

Farleis, Ferlies, pi. vu 95, 

xvi 6r. \OE. f&r-lic, sudden, 

prob. infl. by ON. ferliki (ME. 

ferlike) monster.] See prec. 
Perre. See Fer. 
Ferry it, pp. ;f. wes, had farrowed, 

X 109. [Formed on farrow, 

ferry ; OE. fxrh, ferh, young 

pig-] 
Pers(e), adj. fierce, bold, II 293, 

xiv b 33, xvi 131. [Or./er-s, 

nom. sg.] See Fuersly. 
Persoh, adj. fresh, xin a 29, 49. 

[OE. fersc.'] See Fresch. 
Perste, Uerst. See Furst. 
Peruent, adj. hot, IX 10 ; burning 

bright, xvil 8 ; eager, xvil 77. 

\OYi.fervent.~] 
Pest, Feest (xvil), n. feast, 

festival, v 333, xvn 454 (?with 

topical allusion to the Corpus 

Christi festivities). [OFr./te.] 
Feste-dayes, . feast-days (of the 

Church), vin b 30. [From 

prec.] 
Fest(e), v. make fast, confirm, 

xvi 340; pa. t. v 279; //. 

fixed, made fast, iva i, 82, 

xvi 335, 337. [OE. fmtan ; 

on the vowel see Cast.] 
Pestnyt, pp. fastened, x 124. 

[OE. fsestnian ; see prec.] 
Fet(e). See Fote. 
Pethre-bed, n. feather-bed, xn a 

94. (QE..feper-l>edd.~] 
Pette(n). Sue Fecche, Fote. 
Peurpe, adj. fourth, xin a 18. 

[OE. feor}a, feower]>a.~\ See 

Fowre. 

Fewe. See Feaw. 
Pioht. See Fight. 
Fift, Fyft, adj. fifth, VII 129, x 2. 



t, yt, a. 

[OE./ry?a.] 



GLOSSARY 



Pyfteyn ; Uyf-, Vif-, Vyftene 


xvi 6, xvn 330, &c. ; to get, 


(ill) ; adj. fifteen, in 21, 26, 29, 


xii a 17, xvi 288; to invent, 


XVII 443. [OE./f/tene.'] 


devise, n 4, 14, xi b 137; to 


Fight, Pyght(e), Piste, v. to 
fight, iv* 26, villa 36, xvi 131, 


provide for, vm* 80; to pro- 
vide one with (as fynden hem 


&c. ; Picht, x 66 ; Piste, xvg 


tode), vin a 71, b 21, 27, 51,92 ; 


31 (see Appendix, p. 278) ; fyght 
with, oppose, xvn 138; Faght, 


founden me to scale, provided the 
means to put me to school. 


pa. t. sg. xiv* 48 ; Foght, pi. 


VIII b 37 ; founden with, pro- 


vil 45 ; Feghtande, pres. p. in 


vided with, xi b 140. Pint, 


aref., fight, iv 18 ; Yfoujte, 


Fynt, 3 sg. pres. (OWS. fint) 


pp. Vina 146. \QHL.fe(o)htanJ\ 


II 239, vin b 92 ; Pand,/a. /. 


Pight, Fiht, . fighting, battle, 


sg. x 182, 186; Pond(e), i 37, 


VII 29, 52, xiv c 60; Ficht, 


II 426, vin b 41, xii a 59, xv a 


x 115, 198. [OE./<0)A/<?.] 
Figure, w. shape, xna 114. [OFr. 


13, &c. ; Founde, n 537, 569 
(subj.} ; Fande, //. xvi 62 ; 


figure.-] 


Pound, Pounde(n), n 309, 


Pyked, pa. t. sg. flinched, v 206. 


vn 172, vni* 37; Fon, //. 


[OE. *fician; cf. be-fician, and 


XVII 503 ; Ponden, IV a 63 ; 


next.] 


Pounde(n), I 229, vn 66, 


Pikel, adj. fickle, xiv c 7. [OE. 


xi* 140, &c.; Pun, xiv* 


ficol.-] 


93 ; Punden, xiv * 47, 50 ; 


Pyl. See Falle(n). 


Yfounde, n 4, 14, xm a 64. 


Pilde, Fylde. See Feld. 


[OE./.Wa.] 


Pile, n. worthless creature, XIV b 


Pyndynge, . finding, ix 234; 


47. [ON._/5^/a.] 


invention, xi * 226. [Fromprec.j 


Pyled,//. sharpened, v 157. [OE. 


Pine, adv. extremely, very, II 94. 


fllian to file; or OFr. afiler.] 


[Cf. Afine, Fyn; see Zupitza, 


See Fylor. 


(i5th c.) Guy of Warwick , 


Pill, v. to fill, xvn 1 80. [OE. 


1. 9086 (note).] 


fyllan.-] 


Pynen, pres. pi. refine, ix 45. 


Pill(e), Pulle, n. one's fill, n 


[OFr./^.] 


256, villa 261, xvn 207. [OE. 


Pynger, Finger, n. finger, n 109, 


Fille, n. chervil (see -CheruellesX 


VI 106, villa 10. [OE. finger j] 
Pint, Pynt. See Fynde(n). 


or wild- thyme, xv* 18. [OE. 


Pyr(e), Fire, Fuyr, n. fire, II 


fille ; in glosses fil, cerfille = 


398, iv a 6, xn a 69, xuia 3, 


cerpillum (Le. serpyllum thyme, 
but perhaps confused with 


4, &c. ; Fere, mfere-fitinderys 
J.vAxvA 12. [OE./yr(Kt. 


chxrephyllum, chervil).] 


').] 


Pillen. ^Falle(n). 


nament, n, firmament, heav- 


Fylor, n. whet-stone, V 157. 


ens, vn 124, 134, xvn 7, 422. 


[Cf. OFr. afiloir.~] See Fyled. 


[(Christian) L. firmamentutn ; 


Filthe, n. filth, iva 37, 16; 


first appears in E. c. 1050.] 


corruption, xvi 380 (see note). 


Pyrre. See Fer. 


[O'E.fylfJ] 


Pirste, Fyrst(e). See Furst'e). 


Pyn(e), adj. fine, VII 175, IX 64. 
[OFr. //I.] See Fine. 


Pyr]>er, adv. further, I 255. [OE. 
furpor, t infl. by firr.~] See 


Finaly, adv. in the end, XI I b 107. 


Fer, Former. 


[From OFr. final.'] 


Pysch, Fische, Pysh, n. fish, 


Pynde(n), Finde, Fynd, v. to 


vin a 305, xm a 37, XVII 3. 


find, discover, n i, 256 (subj.\ 


[OE. fisc.] 


VI 148, vn 82, ix 75, xm a 17, 


Piste. See Fight. 



GLOSSARY 



Pitte, . ; felt ]>i fitte, undergo 


Flete, v. to float; Flietende, 


your turn of woe, xvi 346. [ME. 


pres. p. xil a 157; Plett,//. 


Jit, terrible or violent experience, 
&c. ; ? OE. (once)///, contest.] 


xvn 436. [OE. fleotan, str.] 
Fleth. See Fle(n). 


Pyue ; Uif, Vif, Vyf (in); adj. 


Plett, n. floor, xvn 223. [OE. 


five, ill 22, 23, 27, v 125, vi 91 


/*//.] 


(see ~po, adv.), VIII a 319, XIII b 


Flex, n. flax, villa 13. [OE. 


32, &c. [pE.fi/.] 


flex.} 


Flaggatis, n. pi. fagots, X 23, 25, 


Flye, Flyghe, Flee (iv), v. to 


27. [? Alteration of Faggatis, 


fly, I 193, IV* 4, 30, 38, 41, 


q.v. \ another reading is fagaldisC\ 


&c. ; Fla?, pa. t. sg. v 208 


Fla3(e). See Fle(n), Flye. 


(first) ; Flaw, X 92 ; Fleje, 


Play, v. to put to flight ; terrify, 


was, vi 71 (note) ; Ple(e)ynge, 


xvn 380; Plaide, pp. *xvi 


pres. p. IX 148, 252 ; Flone, 


209 (required by rime; MS. 


pp. XVII 487. [OE. /.] 


ferde). \QE._flegan.'] 


See Fle(n). 


Playles, n. pi. flails, vino 178. 


Plyeghynge, Flyghyng(e), n. 


\QQ.*flegel,fligel; Q*.flaieL~\ 


flying ; of gtuie (ill} fl., strong 


Plapten, pa. t.pl. lashed, laid on, 


(weak) in flight, IV* 34, 35, 38. 


vni a 178. [Cf. Du., G., 


[From prec.] 


flappen^ 
Flasshet, pa. t. sg. flashed, vn 


Plietende. See Flete. 
Flyt, Flitte, v. trans, and intr. 


134. [Obscure.] 


to move, remove, escape, depart, 


Flaw. See Flye. 


xvi 210, 336, 340 (sul>j.), xvii 


Plawme, n. flame, iva 14, 66. 


223, 263; Flyt, pa. t. xvn 17 ; 


[Ofr.Jtaxmt.] 

Fle(n),. to flee, v 57,62, xvt 16, 
xvn 292, 296 ; Pies, 2 sg. pres. 
V 204 ; Flese, pres. pi. IV b 86 ; 


Plyt, Flit(t), //. xvii 454, 
540; in synder flit, separated, 
xiv c 31. [ON.yfy/;a.] 
Flo, Ploo, v. to flow, xvn 


Pleth, imper. pi. xiv</ 14; 


101, 115. [OE. floiuan. ON. 


Flaj(e), pa. t. sg. v 206, 208 


floa.-] ' 


(second) ; Fley, XI b 273 ; 


Plone. See Flye. 


Flowen, //. vni 0177; Pled, 


Plood(e), Plod(e), n. flood, 


pa. t. and pp. xiv b 48, 51, 80. 
[OE. fleon, str. ] See Flye. 


water, stream, v 105, vn 160, 
XII a 166, XVI 76 ; (in pi.) 


Flee, Fle(e)ynge, Pleje; see 


waters, waves, vil 123, 142, 


Flye. Fley ; see Fle(n). 


171 ; floods, VII 109, vni a 320, 


Fleme, n. a fugitive, XV b 36. 


xvii 101, &c. [OE./w/.] 


[OE._/?<?wa.] 


Ploterand, pres. p. weltering, 


Flemmynges, n. pi. Flemings, 


tossing, vil 160. [OE. flote- 


people from Flanders, XI II b 7. 


rian.~] 


[OE. *flxiing; cf. ON. flx- 


Flour, Flowre, n. flower, 11 60, 


ming-r, MDu. vldming.~] 


67, iv a 57, xv e 19, &c. ; in 


Fles(e). See Fle(n). 


the floures, in the bloom, XII 


Plesch(e), Flessche, Flessh(e), 


introd. ; excellence, in bar pe 


n. flesh, meat, I 129 (note), 


flour, excelled (all), XIV c 23; 


v 245, vni a 18, 150, 305, ix 


flour, VIII a 150. [OFr./wr; 


141 ; flesshc or bone, a limb, I 


the sense in vni was not differ- 


I 97 - [OE./Jbf.] 


entiated in spelling until end of 


Flesch(e)ly, adj. carnal, of the 


1 8th cent.] 


body, iv a 57, b 71 ; Flecshly, 
carnal-minded,^ worldly, XI b 


Flowen. See Fle(n). 
Flowyng, n. flood, XVII 540. 


158. \QlLJuk3c-Hc.] 


[From OE./JwdM.] See Flo. 



GLOSSARY 



Plume, n. ; flume fordanne, River 


Fonge, . to get, take, vi 79, 1 19 ; 


Jordan, xvi 76. [OFr.yfww.] 


Fang, xvil 245. [OE. fin, 


Po. See Foo. 


ge-fdngen; cf. ON./waga.] 3Vr<? 


Fode, Foode, . food, vn 175, 


Onderuonge. 


villa 21,71, 200, 264,xvi \o(see 


Fonnyd, (//.) adj. infatuated, 


Frute), &c. [OE. foda.'] See 


XI * 37. 3 8 , 76, 167,215. [From 


Fede. 


ME._/0(w), fool ; obscure.] 


FoghtjFois. See Fight; Foo. 


Poo, adv. as an enemy, fiercely, 


Foysoune, . abundance, great 


V 258. [OE. fa/i,fd-.] 


number, X 166. [OFr. fbison.'] 


Foo.w. foe, xivo 7 12; Fo, 11112, 


Pold(e), n. earth, in (vp)on folde. 


VIII b 60 ; frende nor foo, 


allit. tag of little meaning, v 


nobody, XVI 287 ; ichon other 


305, xiv b 18. \QE.folde.~] 


fo, each hostile to the other, 


Fold(e), quasi-sb. (variety, repeti- 


every man against his neighbour, 


tion) in many of er folde, mani- 


xvn 112; Fais, //. x 55, 65, 


fold other things, I 20; other 


197, Fois, xvi yj; Pooes, xvi 


wise many fold, in manifold 
other fashions, xvil 54 ; bifoldis 


386. [OE.^-/a.] 
Fool, Fol(e), . fool, I 30, v 346, 


seuen, seven times, xvn 13. 


xi b 42, 184, &c. [OFr./0/.] 


[False division of OE. manig- 


For, conj. for, 1 109, xvil 231, &c. ; 


fdld, seofon-fdld, &c., where 


Uor,Ill6,8,&c.; because, v 300, 


-fdld is adj. suffix.] 


vil 178, villa 235, 237, xm3 


Folde, v. to fold ; enfold, xv/ 9, 


1 6, xvi 258, 295 ; so that, xn a 


10 ; Folde, //. (? or pa. /.) in 
folde vp, ? covered with her 


93, 194, xvi 251 ; for that, so 
that, XI I b 133. [OE.for fain 


hands, or upturned, vi 74. [OE. 
fdldan.-} 
Pole, Polys, &c. See Fool. 


(pe), for, because ; for py P&t, 
so that.] See Forjii. 
For ; Uor, Vor (in) ; prep, for 


Folehardi, adj. foolhardy, II 426. 


(i.) Cause : because of, on 


[QT.fol-hardi.~] See Fool. 


account of, through, i 134, n 


Poljed. See Folwen. 


32, in 17, iv 35, v 279, vil 


Poly, . folly, I 67, xi b 123. 


183, ix 1 30, x 136, xia 32, b 28, 


FOFr folie 1 


356, xv b 24, &c. ; for of (OFr. 


Tolk(e), . people, II 389, villa 
292, 295, &c. ; mortals, vn 45 ; 


de par) for sake of, xv d 5 ; for 
why (//')?, and why?, xvn 


Folkes, //. peoples, xvi 70. 


14, 284, 518 ; for (fear of), v 


[OE./0/,.] 


57, 199, xvn 102, &c. ; (as pre- 


Folwen, v. to accompany, vin a 


caution) against, vin a 9, 62, 


2 ; Foljed, pa. t. v 354 (see 


87, 209, 306, xiv a 36, xv h 12. 


note). [OE./0&ia.] 


(ii) Indir. object : for (benefit 


Fome,.foam,vii 172. [QE.fdm.~\ 


of), in introd., vin a 278, &c. ; 


Fomen, n. pi. foemen, xiv c 85. 


for sake, on behalf, of, I 90, 


[OE.//A- ///.] See Foo. 


III 40, IV a 88, &c. (iii) Dir. 


Pon, Fond(e), Fonden. See 


object : for (purpose of), with a 


Fynde(n). 


view to, to get, &c., iva 69, 


Fonde, v. to endeavour, seek (to), 


vil 32, 88, villa 230, x 41, 


vin a 213, xna 183, xii 3 171, 


xi b 126, 182, 235, xvi 220, 


xin b 24 ; Fondet,/rt. t. v 57. 


&c. ; for (uor~) to,for te, in order 


[OE.fdndian,f6ndian.~\ 


to, so as to, I Si, II 568, III 


Fone, Fune, adj. and pron. few, 


introd., 44, XV b 30, c 18, &c. ; 


xiv a 28, 29, xvn 99. [ME. 
also/0 ; ? obscurely rel to Feaw, 


for till, x 149, 169 ; as equiv. of 
for with vbl. sb., X 8, 33, 105 ; 


CJ.V.\ 


merely equiv. of to, till, I 21, 



GLOSSARY 



II 37, X 143, &c. (iv) Equiva- 


For}elde, v. to repay, viii a 272. 


lence : in favour of, vil 13, XI b 


[OE. for-gfldan.} See 5elde. 


215 ; (in exchange, return, &c.) 


Forfete, v. to forget, xi b 157; 


for, iv a 42, v 284, viii b 76, 


For;jete, />/>. xnA 202, xivr 8, 


ix 190, XI b 162, xv g 20, 
&c. ; as result of, IX 201 ; for, 


&c. \QE.for-gelan.} See For- 
gete, Vnderjete. 


as, vil 49, 50, viii a 206, xn a 


Forjeue, v. to forgive, ix 324. 


180, XIV c 92, &c. (v) Refer- 


\QE. for-gefan.} See 3eue. 


ence: with regard to, in 9, 


Forloyne, v. to go astray, VI 8. 


&c. ; for the, for all you care, 


\QVr.forloignier.~] 


xvil 193 ; in spite of, II 571, 


Forlorn, (//.) adj. ruined, in piti- 


v 64, xiv a 34, xvi 146; for 


ful plight, I 136, n 127. [OE. 


a!t(e), despite (all), I 73, 86, 


for-loren, pp.] See Lese, v. 1 


xiv* 23, xvi 158. (vi) Time; 


Forme, adj. snperl. first, V 305. 


during, VI 226, villa 236, &c. 


[OE.forma.} 


See Maystrie, Nones, So)>e ; 


Forme. See Fourme. 


}>ar(e), ]>ere(fore), &c. [OE 

for(e\} 


Forne, adv. of old, v 354. [OE. 
foran,forne.} 


Porbede, v. to forbid, vi 19 ; 


Forsake, Fursake (xv), v. to 


forbedepat (with neg.), forbid to, 


deny, xv,f 33 ; forsake, v 312 ; 


i 78; Forbodyn, //. I 7. [OE. 


(foil, by infin.} to refuse to, 


for-beodan} See Bede, v. 


neglect to, xv c 19, xvn 273; 


Forbore, v. to spare, xiv3 12. 


Forsoke, pa. t. sg. forsook, II 


\OE.for-beran.} See Bere, v. 


227. [OE. for-sacan.} 


Forbette,//. cruelly beaten, IV a 


Forschape, //. transformed (to 


86. [OE.for-+l>eatan,stT.] See 


something worse), xn a 8. [OE. 


Bete, .i 


for-scapen, pp.] See Schap(e). 


Force, n. strength, xvi 2 10. [OFr. 

force.'] 


Forschreynt, //. withered (by 
fire), n 398. [QE.for-screncan, 


Fordo, v. to destroy, XVII TOO, 


oppress, rel. to forscrincan, 


114; Fordon(e),//. xvn 145; 


wither.] 


benfordon, come to grief, Intro- 


Forseyde,//. aforesaid, xin b 49 ; 


duction xv. \QE.for-ddn.} See 


Uore-yzede, TJorzede, in 19, 


Do(n). 


23. [OE. fore- ssegd (Kt. -sed}.} 


Fore. See Fare, v. 


Forsworn, adj. perjured, XIV a 2 1. 


Forest, n. forest ; wild, unen- 


\OE.for-sworenJ] See Swere. 


closed, and partly wooded, land, 


Forto, prep, until, XIII a 28, 29. 


II 160, 246. \Qi. forest.} 


[OE.forj> to} 


Foret. See For)). 


Fortune, n. ; by (be}f. by chance, 


Forfete, v. to transgress, V 326 ; 


vn 99, 1 80, IX 207 ; by good 


Forfette./a. /. xvi 352. [From 


fortune, VII 171. [OFr. for- 


OFr. forfait, -fet, n.] 


tune.'] 


Forgaa. See Forgon. 


Forp(e), Forth, adv. forth, away, 


Forgete, v. to forget, IV a 79 ; 


out, on, forward, II 193, V 248, 


Forgetynge, n. iv b 68. [OE. 


&c.; Foret, xv^-i8 (see Appendix 


for- + ON. gela ; cf. OE. for- 


6) ; Fourth(e), xvi 298, 386 ; 


getan.} See Gete, Forjete. 


Furp,e), Furth(e), I 72, 87, 


Forgon, v. to give up, xv b 35 ; 


X 87, xvi 140, xvil 480, &c. ; 


Forgoo, V 1 42 : Forgaa, IV b 
31. [QE.for-gdn.-} 


forj>e ygeie, produced, II 14 ; fra 
thine furth, thenceforward, X 


For}, n. force, waterfall, V 105 
(the earliest recorded instance in 


130. \QE.for}, for}} 
Former, adv. further, 11 481 . [OE. 


E.). [ON./o.] 


furj>or,forj>or.} See FyrJ>er. 



GLOSSARY 



Forpered,//. furthered, advanced, 
xi b 231. [From prec. ; cf. OE. 
fyrj>r(i}an, forfian.'] 

Forpi (-J>y, -thi, -thy), adv. and 
conj. wherefore, and so, there- 
fore, II 461, iv b 35, v 42, 50, 
VIII a 79, 88, b 86, xil introd., 
b 170, xv c 22 ; because, iv b 
26. [OE. for-pi, for-pi J>e.~\ 

Forwake,//. worn out with lying 
awake, xv<: 29. [OE. for- + 
wacen, pp. of waecnan.'] See 
Awake. 

Forward(e), . agreement, cove- 
nant, v 279, vnia 36, xvi 5, 
1 66, 238. [OE.fore-vueard, n.] 

Forwes, . //. furrows, vm a 98. 



_ 

Fote, Foot(e), Fut (x), n. foot, 
v 248 (see Spenne), IX 17, &c. ; 
collect, (dot.) sg. in on fate (fief), 
on foot, V 295 ; on their legs, X 
57 ; -under fote, xiv c 85 ; foot's 
length, v 83, villa 2, xvn 263, 
366 ; Feet, Fet(e), pi. n 79, 
441 , ix 255, &c. ; Fette, iv b 4 ; 
Fote, Foot, orig. gen. pi. in 
two fote long, &c., v 157, ix 
155, xili a 38, &c. ; orig. dat.pl., 
in on his, to (my) fote, V 161, 
208, vil 1 74. [OE./JA] 

Foul(e), n. bird, n 68, vm a 32, 
xv b 6, 10, c 3, &c. ; Fowhel(e), 
iv b 33 ; Fowle, iv b 47, xvn 
3, 487, &c. ; Fowll, xvn 472 ; 
Foull, //. xvn 156. [OE. 
fngol.~] 

Foule, adj. foul, loathsome, bad, 
II 464, vn 1 80, vm a 320, xvi 
337, &c. ; TJoul, III introd. ; 
adv., in fotile mot hitjalle, evilly 
may it fare, v 310. [OE./w/.] 

Founde, v. to hasten, v 62, 161. 
[OE. fundian.'] 

Founde (n), &c. See Fynde(n). 

Fourme, Forme, n. manner, 
fashion, v 62, IX 305. [OFr. 
fo(u)rme] 

Fourth(e). See ForJ>(e). 

Fourty, Forty, adj. forty, XVII 
148, 445, &c. \QE.Jeowertig.~] 

Fowe, adj. streaked or variegated 
(fur), vair, in fowe and grits 



(partial transl. of ME., OFr. 
vair tfgris}> n 241. [OK/^f.] 

Fowheles, Fowle(s), Fowll. 
See Foul(e), . 

Fowre, Four(e), adj. four, I 233, 
v 33, 157, xin a 37, &c. [OE. 
feower.'] See Feur]>e, Fourty. 

Fra. See Fro, prep. 

Fray, n. strife, xvn 1 84. [Short- 
ened from Affray, q.v.~\ 

Frayne, v. to inquire, vn 97. 
[OE. Wfragnian.-] 

Fraist, Frast (xvil), v. to ques- 
tion, inquire of, xvn 183 ; 
fraist of, investigate, VI I 07. 
[QN.freista.-] 

Fram ; Uram. See From. 

Franche, adj. French, xiv 33, 
46 ; Frensche, xiv c 101 ; 
Frankys, n. French language, 
I introd.; Freynsch, xi a 27, 
XIII b 19, &c. ; Frenach, xin b 
34, &c. [OE. frencisc; the 
forms show in fl. of OE. Francan % 
OFr. France, &c.] 

Franklens, n. pi. franklins (men 
of free, but not noble birth, 
holding land by freehold), VIII b 
68. [OFr. /rar /.] 

Frast. See Fraist. 

Fraunchyse, n. privilege, or 
liberality, vi 249 ; the interpreta- 
tion depends on that of Dard, 
Rescoghe (q.v . and note). [OFr. 
franchise^ 

Fredom, n. freedom, xi b 150, 
205, 206, &c. [QE.Jre+<faK.] 

Free, Fre, adj. free, vm b 68, 
xvi 295; lavish, vi 121 ; noble, 
good, xvi 5, xvil 327; as sb., 
noble one, xvn 310 ; Freest, 
super!, noblest, V 354. [OE. 
- 



Freend. See Frende. 

Freike(s). See Freke. 

Freynsch. See Franche. 

Freke, n. man, knight, v 57, 206, 
vm a 212, &c. ; Freike, vil 
160, 172. [OE.freca.'] 

Freles, adj. without reproach, VI 
71. [ON./r# + OE. -/.] 

Frely, adj. pleasant, II 4 (note). 
*. 



GLOSSARY 



Prely, adv. freely, ix 90, xi b 201, 


fro, to where . . . from, XII a 33 ; 


245, 258. [OE.yteWr.] 
Fremmede, adj. not akin, iv<5 22. 


fro -whom . . . fro, from whom 
(mixed Fr. and E. constr.), IX 


[OE.freiecte.~] 


329 (see next). [ON./'.] 


Frenchype. See Frendschip. 


Prom, Fraro, /;<?/. from, 11 190, 


Freude, Freend, n. friend, VI 


225, vni a 51, xin a 27, &c. ; 


198, xiv d 12, xvil 1 18 ; fr. 
nor foo, nobody, xvi 287 ; 


Dram, ill introd., 4 ; urampct, 
from the time that, in 38 ; adv. 


Prendes, &c. //. friends, iv b 


in of whom . . .from, from whom 


22, xiv a 28, xvi 29, 385; kins- 


(mixed E. and Fr. constr.), ix 78 


folk, viu b 37, 41, xvi 62. 
[OE.freond, friend ; ON./rxndi, 
, kinsman.] 


(see prec.). [QfL. from, f raw. ~] 
See J>ere, pare. 
Prote, v. to rub; wring, tear at, 


Prendschip, -ship, ;;. friendship, 


II 79 ; Frotyng,/ra./. grating, 


love, xi vc 3, xvil 121 ; Pren- 


XIII b 59. [OFr.froter.] 


chype, IV b 29 ; Prenship, 


Prounse, v. to pucker, V 238. 


xvn 362. \QE~frifnd-scift.] 


[OFr. fronci(e)r.~] 


Prensch. See Franche. 


Prut(e), n. fruit, II 257, VIII a 320, 


Preris, .//. friars, xi a I, 33, 49, 


ix 143; Pruyt, ix 139, 148, 


55. [OFr./*.] 


XIII a 51; Prewte, in /. of 


Preach, adj. fresh, VI II a 3015. 


erthely foode, 1 the fruit of the 


[Prob. Ob'r.freis,fresc/ie (fern.), 


tree, which was earthly food, 


rather than OE. few.] See 


xvi 10. [Qr. fruit.] 


Fersch. 


Puersly, adv. fiercely ; fuersly 


Prese, w. danger, in no frese, 


fell, turned out stormy, vil 129. 


doubtless, xvil 391. [MDu. 


See Fers(e). 


vreese (OFris./r, OS. /ma).] 
Prese, v. to freeze, II 247. [OE. 


Puyr. See Fyr. 
Pul, II 388 ; see note. 


fr/osan.] 


Pul, Pull(e), adj. full, complete, 


Frete,/a. /. //. devoured, II 539. 


n 60, xv 3, 6, &c. ; Uol, in 


[OE.fretan, pa. t. pi. fr&ton.] 
Prewte. See Frut(e). 
Pry, n. offspring, xvil 66, 177. 


47 ; as sb., in at J>e full, com- 
pletely, xi /> 198 ; his fulle, see 
Fille. [OE. ///.] 


\<JN.frb,Jrj6, seed.] 


Pul, Pull(e), adv. full, quite, 


Prydays, n.fl. Fridays, VIII b 30. 


very, I 22,11443, 559, iv 27, 


[OE.>fc&(*>fer.] 


V 19, ix 244, &c. [OE./w/.] 


Pryed, //. fried, VIII a 305. 


Pulfllle(n), Pulfylle, v. to fill, 


[OYr./ri-re.] 


ix 331, xn introd. ; to fulfil, 


Prip, Pryth, n. woodland, park, 


finish, perform, accomplish, IV b 


n 160, 246, v 83. [OE. fyr(Ji]p, 


15, 73, vni a 36, 319, ix 317, 


gefyrhpe, wood.] 


XI b 86, 88, xvi 6, &c. ; Uol- 


Pro, Proo, adv. away, xvi 210 ; 


ueld,//. in introd. [OE.//- 


to and fro, to and fro, on all 


fyllan (Kt. -fellan}.~] 


sides, xvil in. [ON./ra.] 


Pun, Punden. See Fynde(n). 


Pro, conj. from the time when, 


Pune. See Fone. 


since, VI 15 (cf./ra fat}. [As 


Purred, //. fur-trimmed, VIII a 


prec.] 


264. [Qr.fo(u)rrer.~] 


Pro, prep, (away) from, I 76, v 


Fur sake. See Forsake. 


263 (follows pron.), VI 15, VII 


Purst, adv. first, II 14, XIII b 12, 


90, Vina 29, ix 26, &c. ; Pra, 


20; Pyrat, Pirat, I 154, II 121, 


IV a 18, b 34, x 130, &c. ; fra 


XVII 42, &c.; at first, I 226, 


fat, from when first, IV a 25 ; lat 


228, v 159 ; firstly, xi a 6, b 5, 


...Jro, whence, IX 230; ther. .. 


&c. ; Uerst, at first, in 33; bo) 


4 * 



GLOSSARY 



furst and 'last, throughout, xiv c 


business on hand, xvil 298. 


76. [As next.] 


[ON. gam.} 


Furste, adj. first, original, xiua 


Carre, Gar, v. to make, cause to, 


7, b 4, 26 ; Ferste, XII a 112; 
Fyri?t(e), I 214, vi 188, &c. ; 


iv a 26 (*#.), xvi 20, 144, 199, 
334, xvn 346 ; Gert(e), pa. I. 


Firste, in atte firstc, at once, 


and //.villa 296, x 198; caused 


VIII a 165. [OE. fyr(e]st, (Kt. 


(men to), x 16, 70, 8a, 90, 98, 


font).] 


185 ; garre dye, kill, xvi 164 ; 


Furth(e). See For)>(e). 


gert ga, cum, sent, brought, X 


Fut. See Fote. 


168, 173. [ON. g/ra; the a 




forms are difficult to explain.] 


Oa, Gaa. See Go(n). 


Garry ng, adj. grating, harsh, 


Gabberes, n.pl. swindlers, IX 112. 


xin b 15. [Cf. MDu., MLG. 


[From ON. gabba, to mock.] 


garren, v.] 


Gadre, v. to gather, pick up, 


Gase ; Gast(e), &c. See Go(n) ; 


assemble, xn 22, 113, 117; 


Gost(e), &c. 


Ged(e)re, Gedyr, \\ b 81, v 


Gastli, adj. terrible, Xll3 126. 


192, vil 86; Ygadered,//. Ill 


[OE. (once) gxst-lie ; cf.g&stan, 


44 ; gedere) ft rake, 1 picks up 


v.] See Agast; distinguish 


the path , v 9 2 . [O E. g&derian.~] 


Costly. 


Qaf, Gaffe. Set Giffe. 
Gay(e), adj. gay, gallant, v 297, 


Gate, n. 1 gate, 11 379. [OE. gset, 
pi. gatu.'] See Bate. 


vii in ; as sb., fair one, vi 73. 


Gate, n. 1 way, v 51 ; hyje gate 


[OFr.#.] 


(figuratively) highway, vi 35 ; 


Gayne, . gain (i. e. the three 


gang ()ede~) his gate, go (went) 


kisses), V 281. [OFr. gaigne.~] 


his -way, vi 166, xvi 144 ; 


Gaynesay, z. to speak against, 


Gatis, //. in many gatis, in 


IV 75. [ON. gegn + OE. 


many ways, XI b 117. [ON. 


secgan^] See Agayn, Scie. 


gata.~\ See Algate, Sogat, J>us- 


Gam(e), Gaume (i), n. game, 


gate. 


play, I i (see Somer), 99 ; sport, 


Gate. See Gete, v. 1 


II 315; game (birds), II 309 ; 


Gaud, n. trick, in gaudes and gile, 


trickery, XVI I 214; merriment, 


Xiv a 1 8, 30 ; gaudis and gilery. 


XVII 529 ; wip game, merrily, II 


XVI 160. [I Cf. AFr. gaudir, 


19 ; Gamys, //. rejoicings, XVI 


to jest.] 


20. [OE. gamen.~\ 


Gaume. See Gam(e). 


Gan, pa. t. sg. ; Guna, XVI 47, 


Gawle, n. gall ; rancour, VI 103. 


&c. ; Gan,//. 11 504; Gonne, 


The spelling and rimes are note- 


II 37 1 ! Gun, I 193 : began, 


worthy at so early a date. [OE. 


II 118, villa 146 ; (without to) 


gal!*,} 


II 425 ; made, II 438 ; did (with- 


Ged(e)re, Gedyr. See Gadre. 


out to, as equiv. of simple past) 


Gedlyng, n. fellow (contemp- 


i 193, ii 77, 78, 272, 37 495, 


tuous), xvi 212. [OE. gxdel- 


504, 510, 530, xvi 47, 286. 


ing.~] 


[OE.ginnan] See Begyn(ne) ; 


Gees, n.pl. geese, VIII a 276, b 19. 


Can, aujcil. 


[OE. gos, pi. ges.~] 


Gane. See Go(n). 


Gef. See Giffe. 


Gang, v. to go, depart, fare, X 4, 


Gey nest, adj. sttperl. most gra- 


xvi 144, 303, xvn 246. [OE. 


cious, xv c 35. [ON. gegn.'] 


gdngan,'] 


Gentil(l), Gentyl(e), lentil 


Garn, n. yarn, thread ; ther is 


(in), culj. of gentle birth, in 18, 


gam on the reyll other, there is 


23, vni b 82, xill b 20, &c. ; 


other thread on the reel, other 


noble, II 463, V 117, VI 245; 



GLOSSARY 



gentle, graceful, &c., II 305 ; 


(2 #.); Gifen, pp. xiv* 88 


docile, xvii 505; }at gentyl, 


(surrendered); Gyf(f)ene, iv 


that gentle lady, VI 242 ; ientil- 


53, 66; gaf 'in commaundement^ 


man, gentleman, in 18, xiv in- 
trod. [OFr. gentil.~\ 


gave orders, XVII 33. [ON. 
ft/a, OSwed. gifa ; KeN.E.D.'} 


Gere, Qeir (x), n. sg. tools, 


See 3eue. 


apparatus, necessary things, X 
no, xvii 245, 316, 326; arms, 
xvi 2 1 1 ; contrivance (the ark), 


Gyfte, . gift, \\ b 53, 59, 69, vi 
247; giving (lor privilege), VI 
205. [ON. gift.-] SeeWtis. 


xvii 274 ; affair, business, V 1 37. 


Gile, Gyle, . guile, treachery. 


[ON.^rwL] 

Gered,/)/. attired, v 159. [From 


H 7, xiv a 6, <f 4, xvii 214, &c. 
[OFr. guile.'] See Wiles, Bi- 


prec. in frequent sense ' ap- 


gile. 


parel '.] 


Gilery, n. fraud, xvi 160. [OFr. 


Gernier(e), . garner, storehouse 


gilerie, from prec.] 


(for corn), in 43, 46. [OFr. 


Gill, woman's name, Jill, xvii 


gernier.~] 
Gert(e). See Garre. 


W);for lak nor for Gill, for 
nobody, xvii 336. [Shortened 


Gesse(n), v. to be of opinion ; to 


from Gillian, OFr. Juliane.~] 


expect, xi b 167 ; to conceive, 


Gylofres, n. pi. iii clowe gylofres, 


form an idea, VI 139 (note). 


cloves, ix 157. [OFr. gilofre.~] 


[Cf. MLG. gissen.~] 


See Clowe. 


Geste, . tale, vil introd., Intro- 


Gyn(e), . engine, machine, X 90, 


duction xxxiii. [OFr. geste.~] 


99; contrivance, xvii 128, 276. 


Gestis, n pi. joists, frame-timbers, 


[Shortened from OFr. engin.~] 


xs. [OFr.^ijfc.] 


See Engynys. 


Get(e), v. 1 to get, find, xiv c 38, 


Gyng, n. troop, company, vi 95. 


no, XVII 184 (sufy'.}; prts. as 


[OE genge ; ? infl. by gang.~] 


fut. xiv b 3, xvii 299 ; lay hold 


Gynour, . engineer (contriver of 


of, catch, XVII 339 ; do get in, 


machines), x 98, 1 26. [Shorten- 


get in (trans.'}, xvii 326; Gate, 


ed from OFr. engigneor.'] See 


pa. t. sg. VII 76 ; Getyn, Ygete, 


Gyn(e), Engynour. 


pp. in getyn agayne, won back, 


Girdelstede, . waist, II 266. 


xvi n ; forjte ygete, set forth, 


[OE. gyrdel + stede.] See Gur- 


produced, II 14. [ON. geta.} 


del. 


See Forge te. 


Gyrde, v. to strike ; gyrdej he to, 


Get, v. z to guard ; get for, look 
out for, xiv a 36. [ON. gxta.~] 


strikes spurs into, v 9 2. [? Same 
as next.] 


GeJ). See Go(n). 


Gyrdit, pp. girt, X 24. [OE. 


Gyaunt, n. giant, villa 328. 


gyrdan.'} 


[OFr. geant.\ 


Gisely, adv. skilfully, n 299. 


Gyde, n. guide, vin a i. [OFr. 
guide.} 


[From OFr. guise, n.] See 
Degiselich. 


Gif, Gyf, conj. if, IV a 85; dot 


Giserne, . battle-axe, V 197. 


gif, unless x 78, 180. [Northern 


[OFr.Wu*rM*] 


variant of 3if ; the g (where not 


Gyue. See Gif(le). 


graphic for )} is difficult to 


Glad(e), v. to make glad, Vina 


explain.] 


113, xvii 491; Gladde, iva 


Gif(fe), Gyf(fe), v. to give, iva 


49. [OE. gladian.'] 


1 8, b 66, v 327, vi 1*3, xvi 
114, &c. ; Gyue, xv h 21; 


Gladde, Glad(e) (of), adj. happy, 
glad (at), II 583, XII introd., 


Gaf(fe), pa. t. sg. xvi i63,xvu 


XVI 42, 241, &c. ; Gladly, adv. 


16; Gef, v 5 (wished), 381 


XII b 37 ; bercn gladly >, are glad 



GLOSSARY 



to wear, IX 109. [OE. gfad, 
giasd-lice.'] 

Gle, Glow (l, iv), n. mirth, 
pleasure, play, II 34, 267, iv a 
44, 72, xvu 529; (skill in) 
making music, minstrelsy, n 
383, 434. 444, 529, &c. ; made 
hem glew, directed their singing, 
I 39. [OE. gleo(w).~] 

Gleme, . radiance, xvi 43. [OE. 

Glent,/<r. /. started aside, v 224. 

[Obscure ; ME. glenten (mod. 

glint} has same senses as Blenk, 

?] 

Glew. See Gle. 
Glyde, v. to glide, v 198, XII b 

126. [OE. gKdan.'] ' 
Glyfte (<?), pa. t. glanced side- 

ways (at), V 197. [Obscure; 

ME. gZiffen, and gliften, with 

same senses as Blenk, e/.v.'] 
Olode, n. ? glade, open space, 

VI 13; on glode, appar. a variant 

of on bent (q.v.), on earth, where 

he stood, V 198. [Unknown.] 
Glorius, -ous, adj. glorious, XVI 

42,xviii66. [OFr. &/'(*)***] 
Qlotyny, Olotony, n. gluttony, 

XVI1 37, 5 2 - [OFr. gloutonie^] 
Glotoun, n. Glutton (personified), 

viii a 296. [OFr. glouton^] 
Oloue, . glove, viii a 147. 



Gnacchen, v. to gnash the teeth, 
xv A 9. [Echoic, on model of 
next.] 

Gnauen, to gnaw, grind the teeth, 
xv h 9. [OE. gnagan.~\ 

Go(n), v. viii a 296, xv^ 24, &c. ; 
Goo, XI b 41, &c. ; Ga, x 168 ; 
pres. 2 sg. Gost, n 129; 3^. 
Gase, iv a u, xiv a 25 ; Ge)> 
(OE. gmf), n 238, 551 ; Got?, 
vi 5; Goth, ix 178, &c. ; //. 
Gaa, iv b 43; Goo, Go(n), ix 
18, 177, xi* 15, &c.; Got?, vi 
150 ; Go)), xni b 64, 65 ; subj. 
Go, vi 170, xvi 156; imper.pl. 
Gos, vi 161 ; Got?, V 51, 175 ; 
//. Gane, x 84, 100, &c. ; Go, I 
222, II 196; Gon(e), I 161, n 
492 (ago), VI 1 6, xvu 408 (done 



for), &c.; Ygo,ll349,54i (ago); 
Goaude, pres. p. v 146. To 
walk, v 146, ix 1 8, xiv a 25 ; in 
him com . . . gon (OE. com inn 
gan), came walking in, XV 24 ; 
to be (alive), v 41 ; gon on bodi 
and bones, see Bodi ; to go, n 
'9, 345>xv^i2,&c. ;gon(be\ 
travel (about), IX 1 1 2 ; go hunte, 
&c., go and hunt, &c., viii a 30, 
32 ; go slepe, go to sleep, viii a 
296 ; hadde go, had gone on, 
I 222 ; hou it ge]>, what is the 
(inevitable) course of things, II 
55 1 J * s g( n }i & c., went, II 196, 
X 176, xn b 176; war tharin 
gane, were in it, X 1 28 ; to come, 
get, IX 164, 186, &c.; gotj(goth} 
out, issues, vi 5, ix 1 78. [OE. 
gan.~] See 3ede. 

Gobet, w. small share, vmi 106. 
[OYr. gobet.-} 

God, . God, I 89, v 81, VI 241, 
&c.; Godd(e), I 78, v 51, 137, 
&c. ; Godys (MS. God; see 
XVII 88, note), gen. sg. XVI 241 ; 
Godes, Goddes, //. gods, II 
31, vii 45, 176, 181, &c.; gef 
hyin Cod and goud day, wished 
him Godspeed and good day, V 
5. [OE. god.'] See Goddes. 

God(e), adj. good, I 9, n 35, v 
281, &c. ; Good(e), vilii 71, 
xi* 121, &c.; Goud(e), V 50, 
202, vi 208 ; Gud(e), iv b 15, X 
47, xiv a 14, &c. ; Guod, in 59 
(gtiode, wk., Ill 30, 31, &c.); 
goud day, see God. [OE. 
god.'] 

God(e), Good(e), Guode (ill), 
Gude (iv, xiv b}, n. sg. good, 
iv* 9, v 59, xn a 149; good 
thing, n 230 ; collective, goods, 
wealth, in 8 (dat.\ iv* 81, 
vina 225, xn * 35, xiv c 75, 
&c.; Godes (and forms as 
above)//., goods, III r, vn 122, 
viii a 218, xi* 272, xn* 48, 
xi v * 1 1 , &c. [OE. god, n.] 

Goddesse, n. goddess, xn a 44. 
[OE god+OYr. -esse.~] 

Godenisse, God(e)nesse, Good- 
uesse, n. goodness, bounty, n 



GLOSSARY 



55, vi 133, vina 132,1x329, 


attacks of arthritic gout, IX 314. 


&c. [OE. god-nes.} 


[OFr. goute.} See Artetyke. 


Godhede, . divinity, vi 53, xi b 


Grace, n. favour, ix 296, xiv b 46, 


280, xvi 249. [OE. god+ 
*-ksedu ; cf. OE. god-had.} 


&c. ; consideration, vin a 117 ; 
grace, mercy (of God), I 186, vi 


Godspelle, n. (dat. sg.) gospel, 


76, 252, vin a 120, b 106, XV i 


in 57 ; Gospel(l), vi 138, 


8, xvn 551, &c. ; personified in 


XI a 23. b 20, &c. [OE. god- 


our Lord, VI 65 ; what God 


spell} 


may send, xvn 334; favour of 


Goyng, . ; for goyng, as a result 


fortune, luck, vii 76, vm3 102, 


of moving about, I J 57. [From 


xn b 169, 186; lot, n 547. 


Go(n).} 


[OFr. grace.} 


Gold(e), . gold, n 150, xv^ 22 


Graciouse, -yous, Gracius, adj. 


(dot. sg.\ &c. [OE. gold.} 


pleasing, vin a' 222 ; gracious, 


Golde-hemmed, adj. bordered 


xvn 28, 165. [OFr. gracious.} 


with gold, v 327. [Free, and 


Gradde. See Grede. 


OE. hemm, border.] 


Graidly. See Graythely. 


Golf, n. abyss (of water), VI 248. 


Graielis, n. pi. books containing 


[OFr. golfe.} 


the 'gradual ' (part of the Mass), 


Gome, . man, v 50, 159, 171,191, 


xi b 229 (see note). [OFr. 


202, vn 54, vin a 210. [OE. 


gra*il^\ 


guma.} 


Grayne. See Greyne. 


Gon(e), Goo. See Go(n). 


Grayjjed, pa. t. ; grayled hym, 


Gonne. See Gan. 


got ready, V 191 ; Grathed, 


Gore.w. triangular strip (of cloth), 


//. made ready, xvi 211 (rime 


gore ; by synecdoche for 'gown ', 


requires Graide). \QN.greiSa.} 


in under gore, in gown (among 


Graypely, Grathely (xvi), 


women, alive), xvt 35. [OE. 


Graidly (vii), adv. readily ; 


gdra.] 


ready, v 224 ; aptly, VI 139 ; 


Gos, Gost. See Go(n). 


carefully, vii 54 ; directly, XVI 


Goshauk, n. goshawk (usually a 


92. [ON. g reiQ-liga.} .SV^prec., 


large short- winged hawk), XII a 


and Grath. 


9. [OE. gos-hafoc.} 


Grame, . wrath, XVII 89. [OE. 


Gost, . spirit, soul, v 182 ; Haly 


grama.} See Greme. 


Gast(e), Hooly Gost(e), &c., 


Gramer(e), n. grammar, xm b 


Holy Ghost, iv b 53, ix 331, 


36 ; mayster of gr. t (title of) a 


XI a ii, xvi 77, xvn 162, &c. 


licensed teacher of grammar, 


[OE. gdst.} 


XIII b 28. [OFr. gramaire.} 


Gostly, adj. spiritual, IX 332, XI b 


Gramerscole, . grammar-school, 


281, 289; Gast(e)ly, iva 51, 


xm b 28, 33, 38. [Free, -t- OE. 


^ 7, 85. [OE. gdst-lic.} 


seal.} 


Gotej, . //. streams, VI 248. 


Grant merci, gramercy, thank 


[OE. *got- rel. to geotan.} 


you (lit. great thanks), v 58, 


Got}, Go}), &c. See Go(n). 


XII b 92. [OFr.] 


Goud(e). See Code. 


Grapes, n. pi. grapes, IX 159, 160. 


Gouerned, pa. t. controlled, xiv c 


[OFr. grape} 


26. [OFr. governer.} 


Grases. See Gresse. 


Goune, Gowne, n. gown (outer 


Grath., n. readiness, in withgrath, 


robe), v 328, xvn 262. [OFr. 


promptly, xvn 482. [ON. 


goune.} 


greidi.} See Gray)>ed, &c. 


Gowrdes, . //. gourds, ix 139. 


Graue, n. grave, I 139, XVI 23, 


[OFr. gourde} 


393. \OE.grsef.} 


Gowtes, n. pi. ; gowtes artetykes, 


Qraunt(e), Grante, v. to consent, 



GLOSSARY 



I 51 ; to grant, VII 3, VIII a 326, 


Grene, v. to grieve, offend, vi 1 1 1, 


xiv b 46, xv * 8, xvii 178, &c.; 
(with infin.} l 199, n 604. [OFr. 


Vina 225, xv/ 3; oppress, 
vni a 313 ; injure, VIII b 60; 


graanter, AFr. graunter."] 


greuetk hym ajeines, voices a 


Greate. See Gret(e), adj. 


grievance against, vni a 311 ; 


Grece,.fat,V245. [OFr.gresse."] 


Greuyng, . offending, insult- 


Grede, v. to cry out, n 104 ; 


ing, vn 181. [OFr. greyer."] 


Gradde, pa. t.xnb 68. [OE. 


Greuous, adj. grave, ix 287 ; 


grxdan."] 


Greuously, adv. gravely, xi 


Greyn. See Grene. 


144. [OFr. grevous."] 


Groyne, Grayne, . grain, corn, 


Grew(e). See Growe(n). 


villa 113, 120. [OFr. grain?] 
Grekes, Grekys, n. pi. Greeks, 


Gryed,/a. t. sorrowed (inwardly), 
v 302. [Not known ; cf. xi 


vn 40, 61, 86, in, 176. [OE. 


Pains of Hell (OE. Miscell.) 


Gre(a]cas, L. Grxct."] 


1. 1 60, grydand wept."] 


Grem(e), Gremy (vn), . anger ; 


Griffoun, n. griffin, ix 245, 248, 


resentment, VI 105 ; mortifica- 


351. [OFr. griffon."] 


tion, V 302 ; cause for anger, 


Griis, . grey (fur), n 241 (see 


harm, v 183 ; with greme 


Fowe). [OFr. gris.] 


(gremy), wrathfully, v 231, vn 


Grymme, Grim, adj. fearsome, 


176. [pN.gremi;OE.gnviian, 


grim, II 184, v 192. [OE. 


v.] See Grame. 


grimtnJ] 


Grene, Greyn (xvii), adj. green, 


Gryndel, adj. wrathful, v 270 ; 


n 353, v 35, viii a 276, &c.; . 


Gryndelly, adv. wrathfully, V 


green, v 123, 159, 191, 227; 


231. [? Back-formation from 


green sward, II 72 ; earth, xvii 


*grindlaik (gryndellayk Sir 


534. [OE. grate.} 
Gresse, . grass, u 244, v 113 ; 


Gaw. 312), ON. grimmd + 
leik-r ; cf. ON. grimm-leikr.~\ 


Grases,//. herbs, n 260. [OE. 


Gryndel-ston, . grindstone, V 


gars, gj-xs.] 


134. [OE. *grindel (from 


Gret(e), Greate (ill), adj. great, 


gr'mdan) + stanJ] 


large, 122, 210, 11 101, 240, ill 


Grys, n. pi. young pigs, Villa 


9, 17, &c. ; greatly esteemed, VII 


276. [ON. gris-s."] 


40 ; big, boastful, XVII 379 ; 


Grisbittyng, . gnashing of the 


many grete, many important 


teeth, xm b 15. [OE. grist- 


people, XI b 207 ; smale and 


biiung.~\ 


grete, grete and small, all, XIV c 


Gryste, . resentment (? lit. grind- 


22, xvii 90, 344; Grettere, 
compar. ix 70, 91 ; Grettest, 


ing of the teeth), vi 105. [OE. 
grist j grinding.] 


supjrl. ix 182. [OE. great; 
grettra, compar.] 


Grochinge, n. reluctance, III 10. 
See Grucche. 


Gret(e), v. 1 to greet, xn introd., 


Gron(e), v. to lament, complain, 


xiv d 2. [OE gretan.~] 


v 89, xvii 409; groan, vm a 


Grete, v? to weep, v 89 ; Grette, 


255, xv h 9. [OE. granian] 


pa. t. iv a 87. [OE. grctan 


Gronyngys, . //. lamentations 


(*griBtan), or greotan."] 
Gretnesse, . size, ix 54. [OE. 


(as a sign of repentance), XI b 
99. [OE. granung.'] 


grlat-nes.~\ 


Grot, n. small bit ; euerich a grot, 


Greu, n. Greek (language), XI a 


every detail, n 490. [OE grot.'] 


45. [OFr. .] 


Ground(e), Grownd (xvii), . 


Grovance, n. offence, sin (or 


ground, XII a 80, &c. ; bottom, 


affliction), XVII 58. [OFr. 


xn b 71 ; bottom of the sea, 


grtvancc.~\ 


xvn 439, 462 ; deep pool, xm a 



GLOSSARY 



52 ; land, xvn 465 ; foundation, 


3are, adv. fully, v 342. [OE. 


cause, vi 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, vn 


gear{w)e.'\ 


80 ; (vp~)on grounds, on earth, V 


3arkke, v. to ordain, decree, V 


82, villa 225; to gt-ounde, on 


342 ; Yjarked,//. II 547. [OE. 


the ground, n 549, VI 74. [OE. 


gearcian.~\ 


grund.'] 


3ate, n. gate, II 232 (dat.}, 385 ; 


Grounde, v . in noujt groundifi 


3et, x 167, 181, &c. ; Satej, -es, 


hem, they have no foundation, 


-iis,//. v 2, ix 223, xvi 124, &c. 


XI a 4 ; groundid (in), based 
(on), xi* 52; ben not gr. in 


[OE. ge(a)t, gxt (pi. gatu) ; the 
pis. above show infl. of sg.] 


God, hare no divine sanction, 


See Gate, n. 1 


XI a 62. [From prec.] 


3e, adv. yea, yes, villa 38, 227, 


Grounden, //. ground, V 134 ; 
Ygrounde, xiv d 9. [OE. 


b 1 10. [OE.?a.] See 3a, Yei. 
3e,/>w*. 2 //. nom. you, I 38, 11 


grindan, ge-grunden.~\ 


215, &c. ; 3ee, ix 187, 219, 


Grow, v. to feel terror, X 94. 


284; Ye, XV- 25, &c.; Yee, 


[Cf. MLG. griiwen.] 


xvn 397. Ou, ace. and dat. 


Growe(n), Grufe, v. to grow, 


(to) you, Xiv c 97 ; 3ou, II 24, 


villa 113, IX 33, 53, xna 80, 


204, &c.; 3ow, i 22, villa 6, 


&c. ; to come into being, in be- 


14, &c. ; You(e), xvi 402, 


gynnys to grufe to vs, is about to 


xvn 294, &c. ; Yow, v 23, 26, 


begin for us, xvn 463; Grew(e), 


&c. ; refl. (arc.) yourselves, 


pa. t. I 164, 236, vi 65, vii 80 ; 


villa us, xiv* 7, xvi 178; 


Growe, pp. II 266, xiv c 89, 98 ; 


yourself, v 49, villa 25 ; (dat.) 


Growynge, . growth, ix 71. 


for yourselves, II 216, 217 ; jij 


[OE. growan ; grufe is freq. 


jou lyke, it lyke jou, if it please 


Northern form.] 


you, ix 74, 284; jou to, for your- 


Grucche, Gruch, v. to grumble, 


selves, xiv d 7. 3or, pass. adj. 


Villa 210, 311 ; grumble at, 


xiv c 13, 106; 3our(e), i 84, 


V 183 ; Gruchyng,/w. p. re- 


ii 218, &c. ; 3owre, vin a 14, 


luctant, V 58. (UT!r.gr(o^ucher.] 


21, xiv a 8, 10, b 4, &c. The 


See Grochinge, Bigruccheth. 


plural forms are often used 


Grufe. See Growe(n). 


to a superior, as: 11 582, vin a 


Grwe, n. jot, in nognue, not a jot, 


1 1 8, ff., &c. ; but also without 


not at all, V 183. [? OFf. gru, 


special reason and intermingled 


grain ; cf. Grot.] 


with/<w, &c., as : II 466, v 42, 


Gud(e), Guod(e),&c. .5*? Code. 


2 56-7, &c. [OE.ge, eow, eower.\ 


Gun(e). See Gan. 


3ede (pa. t. of Gon, q.v.}, fared, 


Gurdel, n. girdle, V327; Girdel, 


went, &c., i 53, 104, II 301, 


v 290. [OE. gyrdel.] 


476, vin a 93, &c. ; walked, II 


Guttes, n. pi. entrails, VI 1 1 a 171. 


509 ; was, v 265 ; jede atwynne, 


[OE. guttas.~] 


broke apart, separated, I 191 ; 




jede on fate = lived, v 295 ; 


3a, 3aa, adv. yea, yes, xvi 109, 


jede his gate, went his way, vi 


305. [OE **.] See*, Yei. 


166. [OE. code ; see N.E.D., 


3 if. See 3eue. 


s.v. Yede, and Luick, Hist. 


3alow, adj. yellow, ix 34, 115, 
1 16 ; fair (-haired), IX 22. [OE. 


Gramm. d. engl. Sprache 261 
n. 3 ; 36o.] 


geolu,geolw-.~] 


Bederly, adv. ? promptly, ! fully, 


3alownesse, n. fairness (of hair), 


v 257. [? OE. sedi-e, edre, 


IX 22. [From prec.] 


quickly, fully ; cf. Yendles.] 


3ar, adj. ready, X no. [OE. 


3eer, n. year, ix 61, 63, &c. ; 


g***i] 


39r(e), i 151, v 332, vni a 44, 



GLOSSARY 



xin a 44, &c. ; Yeare (daf.~), 
III introd.; Yer(e), III 44, 
vn 12, 99, xiv e 2, xvir 57; 
3er(e),//. I introd., II 264,492, 
541, VI 123, villa 319, b 36, 
XVI 39. 3545 Seres, I introd. 
[OE. ger, gear.} See Tojere. 
3ef, Yef; 3if, 3yf, conj. (usually 
with subj.) if, 1 17, II 169, ill 13, 
28, v 230, vi 122, Vina 163, 
xni a 35, 48, xv* 34, &c.; 
whether, I 17, in 5, &c. ; Hyf, 
VIII b 43; If(f), Vina 123, 
XVI 331, &c. ; lif, V 275 ; Yf, 
IV* 24; Yiif.xva 23 ; )if(ij) 
fat, if, iv a 24, 88, IX 219, 271, 
XII a 1 6 , * 46, xi v c 69 ; whether, 
XII a 1 84 ; all if, although, xvil 
231 ; see also Bote. [OE. gef, 
- 



3eit. See 3et(e), adv. 

3elde(n), v. to yield, give (back), 
pay, repay, V 155, 257, villa 
44, IX 189 ; Yelde, in 50 ; 
3elde, subj. (imper.) in j. hit 
jow, requite you for it, V 342 ; 
j. jow (of), reward you (for), 
vili a 121 ; 3olden, //. sur- 
rendered, xiv* 89; Yyolde, 
restored, in 58 (see the French). 
[OE. ge'ldan.'] See Forjelde. 

5emen, . //. yeomen, hired 
labourers, vi 175. [? OE. 
geong-man, ME. jengman, jem- 
fttan, jeman; see N.E.D., s.v. 
Yeoman.'] 

3eply, adv. cunningly; (allit.only) 
quickly, promptly, v 1 76. [OE. 
gcap-licel] 

3er(e). See 3eer. 

3ern(e), adv. eagerly, readily, n 
323, vni a 103, 292. [OE. 
~ 



3erne, v. to desire, long for ; 
Y^yrned,//. xv c 32 (the rela- 
tive before ychabbe is omitted) ; 
Bhernyng, n. (the object of) 
desire, IV a 22 (cf. Couaytyng, 
Lnfyng). \QE..g{ornan,g(rnan; 
gforning.~\ 

3et. See 3ate. 

3et(e), 3eit (x), Yet ; 3it(t), 3yt, 
Yit; 3ut (vni b) ; adv. yet; up 



to now, even now, xi * 243, 
xn a 196, xiv c 84, xvi 373, 
XVI1 359> &c. ; strengthening 
(n]euere, II 103, 147,' vi 89, 
vin* 41, xvi 136; still, once 
more, in addition, moreover, 
II 464, VI 14, VIII a 38, 250, 
IX 40, 200, xn * 75, &c. ; all 
the same, none the less, I 225, 

II 174, v 151, vi 83, vni* 98, 
XI* 1 1 9, xv -3 r, xvn I2,&c. ; 
conj. and yet, but, XVII 17, 197 ; 
acjete, but jit, botyit (jeit), &c., 
and yet, II 191, IX 99, X 95, 
XI* 239, xvil 35, &c. [OE. 
get(a), gett, gi(e\t, gyt, ftc.] 

3ete, v. to grant, give ; no waning 
/ wyl fie jete, I wish to give you 
no curtailment (of what is due), 
VI 198. [OE. (late) geatan, 
prob. modelled on ON._/a/a.] 

3eue, Yeue (in), v. to give, grant, 
in 7, ix 79, 293, xi * 162, &c. ; 
3iue(n), n 454, vni a 121 
(5M/y.), xn * 35, 42, &c. ; 3yue, 
XI * 300 ; 3ifth, 3 sg. prcs. XII a 
87. 3af, Yaf, pa. t. sg. in 39, 
44, vnia 192, 238, xi a n ; 
Yeaf, in 10, 22, 52 ; 3af,/a.A 
//. n 20 ; Yeaue,/a. subj. in 
21, 51. 3ouen, pp. ix 90, xi * 
264 ; Yeue, in 7, 14 ; Y-yeue, 

III 25, 29; jafof, gave (cared) 
for, xiv c 54. [OE. gefan, 
giefan, gj'fan] See Giffe, For- 
jeue. 

3b.ernyng. See 3erne, v. 

3if (3yf) ; 3ifth. See 3ef ; 3eue. 

3iftis, . //. gifts, vni a 42, xi * 

265. [OE. gift; see N.E.D., 

s.v. Gift.'] See Gyfte. 
3it(t), 3yt, Yit. See 3et(e), adv. 
3iue(n), 3yue. See 3eue. 
3oked, //. yoked, IX 253. [OE. 

geocian} 

3olden. See 3elde(n). 
3ole, . Yule, Christmas; jolt 

nyjt, Christmas night, I 187. 

[OE. geol\ cf. ON. J6l, n. pi. 

Yule ; j6la-ndtt, Yule-night.] 
3on. See Yone. 
3ong(e), Yong (xvn),a^'. young, 

vi 52, 114, 175, vin* 36, IX 2i, 



GLOSSARY 



xvn 397 ; old or jong, any one, 

II 221 ; jong and aide, every one, 

iv a 49. \QK.geong.-\ 
3or. See 3e, pron. 
3ore, adv. (since long ago), a long 

while, n 559, v 46, vi 226, XVf 

32. [OE. geara.~] 
5ou, 3our(e), 3ow(re). See 3e. 
3ouen. .SV<f 3eue. 
3ut. See 3et(e), aofc. 

Haade. See next. 

Habbe(n), w. to have, possess, 
get, take, put, and auxil., xni a 
59, 60, xv 23; A, I 127; 
Haf(e), IV a 64, v 150, &c. ; 
Half, xvn 286; Han, xiv c 6; 
XV h 22 ; Haue n), I 107, vill a 
74,xn a 66,&c. ; Hawe,x introd. 
Haf, Haue, i sg. pres. v 23, ix 
289, &c. ; see Ichabbe, Ichaue ; 
Has(e), 2 j. xvi 243, xvn 
430, &c. ; Hast(e), I 131, xvi 
223, &c ; Hat;, v 173, 228, 
273, 324; Hauest, VIII* 26; 
Habbe;, 3 sg. *v 271 (note) ; 
Hase, iv a 39, xvn 550, &c. ; 
HaJ>, Hath, I n, xvi 356, 
&c. ; Hat;, v 46, 1 26, 340 ; 
Haues, xv a 20 ; Haue)), vni b 
98; Habbep, //. ill 2, Xllla 
15, &c. ; Haf(e) (with pron.}, 
iv b 16, vi 159, x 16, &c.; 
Han (the commonest form), n 
21, v 25, &c. ; Has(e) (sep. 
from pron.}, iva 2, x 52, xiv* 
71, xvn 95, &c. Haue,/m. 
subj. v 219, villa 114, 261; 
as hatie I (than}, so may I (yon) 
have, xvn 237, 333, 402. Haf, 
Haue, imper. sg. v 75, I 124, 
&c. ; Haueth, //. XIV d 13. 
Hadde, /a. t. I 100, II 51, XI b 
265, &c. ; Had(e), I 116, v 13, 
XI* 202, &c. ; Hedde, in 5, 
42, &c. (OKt. hefde} ; Hadde, 
2 sg. xvi 219; Hadestow, II 
533 ( POU) ; Hadyn, //. vii 
1 26. Haade, pa. t. subj. had, 
would (should) have, XI b 270 ; 
Hadde, Had(e), n 559, I 195, 
v 196, &c. ; Hed(d)e, in 13, 
30, &c. ; Hade;, Hadest, 2 sg. 



subj. n 573, v 326. Yhad,//). 

ii 249, 253. Haf \kaue} at pe, 

have (i. e. let me get) at thee, 

V 220, xvil 219 ; haue done, be 

quick, XVII 316, 352, 480; his 

lyf hade, preserved his life, vn 

163. [OE. habban.~\ 
Habide. See Abide. 
H abundant, adj. abundant, IX 

330. [OFr. abundant] 
Hacches, n. pi. hatches ; of a 

buttery, or kitchen, vinJ 29; 

of a ship, vii 147. [OE. 

fott.1 
Hade, see Habbe(n), Hened ; 

Hadestow, see Habbe(n). 
Haf(e). See Habbe(n), Half. 
Hafyng, . possession, vi 90. 

[From stem of Habben ; cf. OE. 

**/.] 
Hay(e), n. hay, xvil 159 ; mow- 

ing grass, iv a 33. [OE. keg.] 
Half. See Habbe(n). 
Hayle, n. hail, i 162. [OE. 
- 



Hayroun, n. (collective}, herons, 
II 310. [OFr. hairon.} 

Haithill. See Ha)>el. 

Haywarde, . hay ward (who had 
charge of fences, enclosures, &c., 
and was sometimes keeper of 
the cattle on the common land), 
vni b 1 6 (see note). [OE. hag- 
weard.~] 

Hald(e),&c. See Holde(n). 

Haldynge, w. ; haldyngt vp, main- 
taining, XI b 1 68. See Holde(n). 

Hale, . to draw, pull, XII b 87 ; 
Halt, //. in vp halt, uplifted, 
high, V n. [OE. * kalian 
(OFris. halia}, or OFr. haler.~\ 

Half, Halue, Haf (in), . side, 
X 198 ; vpon bojie halue, on both 
sides, v 2, 97 ; o this half, on 
this side (of the world), ix 250 ; 
behalf, in one . . . Ao/"(with inter- 
vening gen.} on behalf of, III 1 1 ; 
(vp}on Goddej halite, a (on} 
Godiies half, &c., in God's name, 
for God's sake, V 51,81, xia is,, 
XII* 80; adj. and adv. half, 
IX 241, XII b 35, 79, &c. [OE. 
half.] See Behalue. 



GLOSSARY 



Halses, n. pi. saints, V 54. [OE. 
- 



Haly. .SfeHoli. 

Halydam, . halidom, holy thing 
(such as relics of the saints, 
but frequent coupling with God, 
and help, seems to show word 
to imply the saints as a body ; 
cf. prec. line),v 55. [OE. halig- 
- 



Hall(e), . mansion, hall, home, 

n 219, v 261, xvi 136, xvn 67, 

348, 516, &c. [OE. hall.-] 
Halme, . shaft, V 156. [OE. 

halm, stalk; cf. Stele.] 
Halpeny, . halfpenny in halpeny 

ale, ale at a halfpenny a gallon, 

small beer, vma 300. [OE. 

half-penig."] See Pene. 
Hals, n. neck, vm a 63. [OE. 

hals."] 
Halsed, pa. t. embraced, greeted, 

XVI 64. [OE. h(e)ahian, 'em- 

brace, implore, usually confused 

with next. Cf. ON. heiha ( = 

next), greet ; hdlsa, embrace.] 
Halsen, v. to interpret (dream), 

xna 148. [OEJix/sian,/ta/sian, 

interpret omens, &c.] 
Halt, see Hale ; Halue, see Half. 
Halue-acre, Half-acre, //. half- 

acre, small plot, vm a 4, 5, 100, 

1 10. [OE. Iialf+ Kcer."] 
Halvendel, . half, XII b 49, 218. 

[OE. halfan dxl, accus.] See 

Dele. 
Halwid, pp. consecrated, XI b 29. 

[OE. halgian.~\ See Haljej 

Holi. 

Ham, Hamsylf. See K\,pron.pl. 
Harue. See Horn, adv. 
Hamerya, Hamers, n. pi. ham- 

mers, xv // 10, 13. [OE. humor."] 

See Homered. 
Hamese, n. pi. alleged oriental 

name for diamonds, IX 37 (so in 

French original). 
Han, see Habbe(n) ; Hand(e), 

see Hond. 
Handled, pp. wielded, XV A 13. 

[OE. handlian.-} 
Hange, v. to hang {trans, and 

intr.}, I 219, VIII a 63, XVI 307 ; 



Hongep, 3 sg.pres. n 506, 507 ; 
Heng(e), pa. t. sg. n 344, 500; 
Yhonged, //. xm a 14. [OE. 
hon (pa. t. heng)i\.\z.'tos.\hangian, 
intr. ; cf. ON. hanga (str.) intr.j 

Hap, Happ, . chance, fortune, 
xil b 8, \\f 9; Happes, //. 
happenings, n 8, xill a 62. 
[ON. happ.} See Myshap. 

Happe, v. impers. happen, villa 
47 ; Happed, Happit, pa. t. it 
befell, vn 117, vm 99. [From 
prec.] 

Happene, Happyn, v. to happen, 
ix 47, 207, xvn 481 ; Hapneth, 
3 S S- P res - XI1 ^ 6. [Extended 
from prec.] 

Hard. See Here, v. 

Hard(e), adj. hard, harsh, cruel, 
I 28, 135, n 243, &c. ; strong, 
immovable, IV a 48 ; as si>., what 
is hard, VI 246 ; adv. hard, V 85, 
xv ^ J 35 grievously, VII 117; 
closely, x 150, xvi 151. [OE. 
heard ; hearde^\ 

Hardely, Hardily, Hardiliche, 
adv. boldly, vm a 30, xvi 143 ; 
(parenthetic), certainly, 1 may 
say, V 322, xvil 522. [From 
next.] 

Hardi, Hardy, adj. bold, II 27, 
vm a 1 79, &c. [OFr. hardi.~\ 

Hardyment, . (act of) daring, 
X 183. [OFr. hardement."] 

Hardynesae, n. hardihood, bold- 
ness, ix 79. [OFr. hardi + -ness ; 
cf. OFr. hardiesse.-] 

Hardis, n. pi. hards (coarser part 
of flax), X 20. [OE. heordan, 
pi.] 

Hare. See Hi , pron. pi. , and few. 

Harkena, &c. See Herkne. 

Harlot, . rascal, scurrilous fel- 
low, vin 54, [xvi 185]. [OFr. 
harlot.'] 

Harm(e), n. grief, misfortune, in- 
jury, detriment, 1 147, V204, 209, 
vi 28, xn a 162, xm b 39, xiv a 
26, xvi 323, &c. [OE. hearing 

Harp, n. harp, II 19, 231, &c. 
[OE. Aearf."] 

Harpe, v. to harp, II 37, 271, &c. 
[OE hearpian.} 



GLOSSARY 



Harpour(e), Harper, n. harper, 

minstrel, II 35, 40, 513, 522, 

&c. [OE. hearpere ; OFr. har- 

pour.'} 
Harpyng, . harping, minstrelsy, 

" 3, 43, 277, &c. [OE. hearp- 

ung.~] 
Harryng, n. snarling, Xlllff 15. 

[Echoic.] 
H-irrowe, Herrowe, interj, a 

cry for help, xvi 185, 343; 

as sb., uproar, xvi 98. [OFr. 

harou.~\ 
Harrowincr, n. despoiling, XVI 

title. [OE. hergung.~\ 
Hartely. See Hertely. 
Harwen, v. to harrow, VIII b 19. 

[Cf. ON. hcrfl, OSwed. harva, 

a harrow.] 
Hasell-note, . hazel-nut, IX 55. 

[OE. haesel-hnutu.'} 
Hast(e), n. violence, haste, Vina 

291, XVII 411, &c; an haste, 

III 22, 43, 47 ; in hast(e\ V 

150, villa 167, xvn 158, 293, 

447, speedily, immediately. 

[OFr. haste ; cf. Heste, . 2 ] 
Hast(e), v. intr. and refl. to 

hasten, Vina 317, XVII 182; 

hastis hemselue to hange, rashly 

(precipitately) hang themselves, 

xvi 307. [OFr. haster.~] 
Hast(e)ly, aoz>. speedily, xvn 39, 

109. [From Haste, n. ; cf. OE. 

hsestlice.~] 
Hate. See Hoot. 
Hate, . hatred, VI 103, &c. 

[Stem of next.] 
Hate, Hatie, 2 sg. pres. subj. (you 

should) hate, iva 47, VI II a 52. 

[OE. hattan.~} 

Hatj, Hap, &c. See Habbe(n). 
Hatte, n. hat, V 13, XIV b 41. 

[OE. hsett.} 
Hatte, see Hole, v. ; Hatter, see 

Hoot. 
Hapel, Haithill (VH), adj. noble, 

VII 38 ; n. knight, V 263, 340. 

[OE. mjeit, adj., and huh}, war- 
rior ; see Bjorkman, Morte Ar- 

thure, 358 (note, and refs.).] 
Hauenea, n. pi. harbours, xm b 

68, xiv c 38. [OE. hxfen'.fy} 



Hauer-cake, . oat-cake, villa 
277. [ON. Aafrt + ME. cake 
(cf. Icel., Swed. kaka}] 

Haukin, n. ; on hankin, a-hawk- 
ing, n 308. [OE. hafoc, ON. 
hauk-r, a hawk.] 

Haunche, . haunch ; app. =* 
shoulder, I 120. [OFr. hanche.'] 

Haunt, . frequentation ; welgode 
haunt, great plenty, II 309. 
[OFr. hant, from next.] 

Haunteb, -i.sg.pres. frequents, I 3. 
[OFr. hanter.-} 

Hawe. See Habbe(n). 

He, pron. 3 sg. masc. he, I 4, 10, 
&c. ; Hee, xvi 185 ; A, xm a 
27, &c. (see A) ; indef. one, 
vina 130, 131, 211 ; as he 
which, as (being) one who, 
xn a 23 (note), 3 37, &c. Him, 
Hym(e), ace. and dat. I 63, 
II 51, &c. ; refl. (for) himself, 
I 10, 70, II 344, 485, iv b 
78, 80, v 191, vi 118, xvi 
126 ; often pleonastic (dat.} 
with verbs of bodily action, n 
289 (note), xv b 7 (note), g 33 ; 
esp. of motion, in 19, v 86, 
XIV c 61, xv g 18, 24 (note), 27, 
29, 30; orig. refl. accus. n 475, 
501. Himself, Hymself(e), 
-selue(n), -seluyn, -sylf, now. 
himself, iv 82, v 41, vn 69, 
XI* 225, xm a 27, &c.; he 
himself, n 37, vn 161 ; ace. 
refl. xib 223, xv^ 16, &c. 
Hiis./ftw. adj. (orig. gen.) xiv d 
1 ; Hys, His, I 46, n 29, &c. ; 
Hysse, vi 58 ; Hus, vm b 60, 
101, 102 ; Is, xv 7, 24, 29; 
Us, vm b 106; Hise,//. xiia 
156, &c. ; as sb., his folk, I 135, 
XVI1 553 5 written for genitive 
inflexion, xm a 22 (see note), 
b 23. [OE. he, nom. ; his, gen. ; 
him, dat.] See Hi, Hit. 

H3, pron. fern, she, II 408, 446, 
xv c 7, 15, 17, &c. (see Hi, 
pron. fern.'} ; //. they, II 185 (see 
Hi, pron. pi.}. [OE heo.~] 

He. See Heigh(e). 

Hebenus, n. ebony, xn 91. [L. 
ebenus.] 



GLOSSARY 



Hed(e), see Habbe(n), Heued; 

Hedde(n), see Habbe(n). 
Hede, n. heed, notice, villa 15, 

xi vc 10; take hede, look you, 

XVII 424. [Stem of OE. hedan] 
Heder, -ir. See Hider. 
Hee. See He, masc, ; Heie, adv. 
Heele, n, heel, xin b 39 ; Heles, 

//. v8 5 . [OK^/a.] 
Heele. See Hele, . 
Keep, Hep, n. host, vin a 181 ; 

an hep (without of), a host of, 

XII a 82. [OE. heap.'] 
Heere. See Her(e), adv. and n. 
Heggen, v. to make and trim 

hedges, *vni b 19 (MS. eggen).. 

[From next.] 
Hegges, . //. hedges, via a 31. 

[OE. *hecg] 
Heght. twilight. 
Heie, Hye (x), Hyj(e), Hee 

(iv) ; adv. high, iva 9, vi 113, 

x 16, 124, xv ^ 12; loudly, v 

144, x 86. [OE. heh.] 
Heigh(e), Hei}(e), Heih, adj. 

high,noble; loud; II 26,205, 326, 

356, vnia4,Xii 133, xivc 18, 

100, 109, &c. ; also He, xvn 
469 ; Hegh, vil 142 ; Heje, 
V 129 ; Hye, IX 196, xvn 553 ; 
Hyje, v 19, vi 35, xma 40, 
&c. ; High(e), Hygh, 1 13, vil 

101, IX 137, &c. ; Hihe, xn a 
51 ; an hyj t on hegh, on high, 
vil 142, XIII a n; hyje gate, 
see Gate, n. 3 ; heigheprytne, full 
prime, the end of the period 
prime' (6-9 a.m.),vm a 106 ; 
hygh tymes, festivals, I 13 ; 
heigh way, highway, villa 4; 
Hyar, compar. taller, X 10. 
[OE. heh] 

Heighlich, adv. at a high rate, 

via a 307. [From prec. ; cf. 

OE. tea-life.] 
Helping, . haste ; an heijing, in 

haste, II 137. [From Hy, v] 
Heiste ; Heite ; Held(e). See 

Hote ; Hete, n. ; Holde(n). 
Helde, v. intr. to incline, turn, V 

263 ; Heldand,/Vw./. inclined, 

IV a 28. [OE. heUan] 
Hele, Heele (xvi), . health, 



Vina 256, b 7, 10; restoration, 
XII a 18 ; salvation, xvi 38, 67, 
106. [OE. hxlti] See Hol(e). 

Hele, v. to heal, vin a 186, IX 
92. [OE. hxlan] 

Helej. See Heele. 

Holing, n. covering, X 6. [From 
OE. hel(t}an] 

Hell. SeeHil. 

Hell(e),Hel, . hell, iv a 48, 64, 
VI 82, &c. ; originally gen., in 
helle pilte, the abyss of hell, XVI 
348 ; fendis in A., hell-fiends, 
XI b 216 (cf. OK fond on helle}. 
[OE. hell] 

Helme, n. 1 helm(et), V 75, 129, 
&c. [OE. helm.] 

Helm(e), w. 2 helm (of rudder), 
xiv c 59, xvn 272, 420. [OE. 
helma.] 

Help(e), n. help, reinforcements, 
vn 3, villa 240, x 180, &c. ; 
forces, xill b 65. [OE. help] 

Helpe(n), Help(pe), v. to help, 
avail, II 1 16, v 141 (note), vin a 
21, 241, &c. ;pres. subj. v 55, xvn 
247 ; Holpyn, pa. t. pi. VIII a 
100; Hulpen, vnia 1 10; Help- 
ing, n. X 1 8. [OE. helpan] 

Hemself, -selue. See Hi, //. 

Hende, adj. courteous, gracious, 
II 563, xvi 45 ; as s&., good 
sir, V 262 ; Hendely, adv. cour- 
teously, V 340. [OE. (ge-)htnde, 
convenient, at hand.] 

Hendy, adj. gracious, fair, XV c 9, 
37, &c. [Extended from prec.] 

Henge. See Hange. 

Hermes ; Hence, Hens (xvn), 
adv. from here, vin a 273, b 84, 
xvn 292, 507 ; from now, ago, 
vin b 36, xvii 25. [ME. 
henen(e), henne (OE. heonane) 
+ adv. -es] 

Hent(e), v. to catch, seize, get, 
receive, I 112, v 249, vi 28 
(pres. sttbj.}, villa 167, 181 ; 
hent to, lay hold of, xvn 420 ; 
Hent,//. IV a 24, v 209, 255 ; 
Yhent, xv<: 9, 37, &c. [OE. 
hentan.] 

Hep ; Heore. See Heep ; Hi, //. 

Her(e), Heere, Hier(e), (in, 



GLOSSARY 



XII), adv. here, at this point, 


imper. sg. xvi 137 ; Harkens. 


III 2, vi 159, XI a i, b 82, xii b 


//. xvi 37. [OE. hercnian; cf. 


34, ii 8, xvi 40, &c. ; here is, 


O.Fr. herkia.~] 


xn b i6r, xvi 325 ; here abowte, 


Herrowe. See Harrowe. 


hereabouts, xv i i. Her(e)-, 


Hert(e), n. heart, n 338, iv<z 8, 


Hyer-, used for neut. pron. 


VI 4, VIII a 208, &c. ; distrib. 


(this &c.) in: Her(e)fore, for 


sg. for //. (usual ME. idiom in 


this reason, xia 22, 33, b 139 ; 


similar contexts, cf. Kne, &c.), 


Hereinne, vi 2 1 7 ; Her(e)of, 


IV a 16, b 41 ; herds /*/, life, 


Hyerof, at, of this, in i, vui a 


xn a 4. [OE. heorte.~] 


177, IX 150, XI a 54. [OE. her.'] 


Hertely, Hartely, adj. heartfelt, 


Her(e), Heere (i),.hair, I 164, 
237, ii 265, 506, \\c 13. [OE. 


XVI 245 ; adv. in heart, XVII 
388. [Free. + OE. -AV(#).] 


hxr, her.~] 


Heruest, n. autumn, harvest, vii 


Her(e), see Hi, pron.fem. and//. ; 


101, vui a 68, 285, 294, b 7. 


Hereself, see Hi, fern. 


[OE. hxrfest.-] 


Herbarwe, Herberowe, n. lodg- 


Heruest-tyme, . harvest-time, 


ing, n 434, XVI 136. [OE. 


VIII a 108. [OE. harfest-tima.} 


here-beorg.~\ 


Hespyne, n. boat, X 127. [ON. 


Herber, n. arbour (grassy place 


esping-r, a ship's boat.] 


with trees), xv a 13. [OFr. 


Heste, n. 1 command(ment), xi3 


herbier.'] 


1 06; Hestis, pi. xi* 70, 187, 


Here, n. host (of foes), V 203. 


191, &c. [Extended from OE. 


[OE. here.'] 


hm ; cf. Beheste, Biqueste.] 


Here, v. to hear, listen to, hear of, 


Heste, . 2 violence, VI I 142. [OE. 


I 81, ii 43, V 136, 205, vnia 


Asest (allit.). This form has 


54, 206, XI b 223 (j/y.), &c.; 
Heryn, II 17; Heris, 2 sg.pres. 


hitherto escaped record^?) ; prob. 
distinct from Hast(e), q.v .] 


xvi 101 ; Herd(e),/a. /. I 75, 


Het(e), Hette, &c. See Hote, v. 


239, &c. ; Hard, pp. xvn 46; 


Hete, n. heat, I 163, VI 194, vii 


Herd(e),iva 24, ix 172, xvi 


138, ix 13 ; Heite, vii 101. 


98. For likyngto here, vii 71, 


[OE. hmtu.-] 


see Likeing. [OE. heran^ See 


Heterly, adv. bitterly, violently, 


Yhere. 


suddenly, v 223, 243, 249, vi 


Heremites, Heremytes, . //. 


42. [Blend of OE. hete-lice, 


hermits, Vina 139, 181, b 4. 


and ON. hatr-liga.~\ 


[bled.L.(/i)er?mita; OFr. (/*)- 


Hethen, adv. hence, IV a 17. 


mite.'] 


[ON. heSan.'] 


Hereres, n. pi. hearers, ix 276, 


Hep(e), n. heath, n 237, 243. 


321. [From Here, v.~] 


[OE. /&/] 


Heresye, n. heresy, XI a I, 64. 


Hepenisse, n. pagan lands, II 


[OFr. heresie.'] 


513. [OE. AS^en-ties.] 


Heretik,. heretic, xia 4; Here- 


Heu. 6-Hew(e). 


tikis, -ys, pi. XI b 37, 45, &c. 


Heue, v. to raise, exalt, v 220, 


[L. hxreticus.'] 


vi 113 (2 sg.). [OE. hebban, 


Heryen, v. to praise, XI b 152. 


htf-.-} 


[OE. herian.'] 


Heued, . head, vi 99, 105, xv^ 


Heryng(e) (of), n. hearing (of), 


13; ? leader, xivrfS; Hade, II 


listening (to), IX 277, X introd., 


391 ; Hed(e), v 75, 249. villa 


XI b 59, &c. [OE. hering.'] 


322, XI b 136, &c. ; on hed, on 


Herkne, Herken, v. to listen, ii 


his head, II 149. [OE. heafod, 


443. 55 ; imper. sg. II 557, 


heafd-.] 


xv c 36; pi. li 23; Harke, 


Heuen(e),Heuyn, n. sky,heaven, 



GLOSSARY 



Heaven, iva 9, b 10, v n, 
vn 137, 153, xin b 52, &c.; 
Heuene}, //. the heavens, vi 
63, 8 1 ; Crysles (J>e Lordes, CyY/) 
lone of heuene, love of Christ 
(&c.) in heaven, vin a 19, 214, 
xiv d 10. [OE. heofon.'] 

Houenly, adj. heavenly, XI b 291. 
[OE. heofon-lic.'] 

Heuenryche, Heuenryke, n. 
Heaven, iva 15 ; vnder hetten- 
ryche, on earth, v 355. [OE. 
heofon rice.~] See Ryche. 

Heuy, adj. heavy, xv h 13 ; heuy 
in, laden with, IV b 29. [OE. 

Heuynes, Hevynesse, . heavi- 
ness, iv b 35 ; sorrow, XII a 10. 
[OE. heflg-nes.'] 

Hew(e), Heu (xv), n. hue, com- 
plexion, beauty, I 165, 237, IV a 
69, XV c 13; shade (of colour), 
xn a 55. [OE. htow.~\ 

Hi, pron. 3 sg. fern, she, III 32, 
33, 55t 6 (it, ref. to/em, noun.}, 
&c. ; Hy(e), n 81, 337, in 
45; He, II 408, 446, xv c 7, 
15, 17; Ho, vi 68, 77, 83, 84, 
94, 96. Hare, ace. and dat. 
in 55; Her(e), I 53, n 92; 
Hir(e) (the most usual form), 
n 73, vi 68, x 30, xn a 27, 44, 
107, 145, xv c 17 (refl.~), &c. ; 
Hyr, VI 67, 70; Hure, vni 
53. Pass. adj. (orig.^w.) Hare, 
in 33, 35. 45; Her(e), I 210, 
243, ii 565 ; Hir(e) (the most 
usual form), II 56, \\ b 6, &c. ; 
Hyr(e), i\ b 4, vi 69, xv c 4, 
&c. Hereself, Hirself, refl. 
ace. herself, XI b 57, XII a 32, 
184. [OE. heo (hed), also he, 
hie, hi, nom. and ace. ; heore, 
hire, &c., gen. and dat. On 
vowel of hare see next.] 

Hi.pron. 3//. they, in 58 ; Hy(e), 
II 91, xill a \l,b 9, n; Hii, 
vin a 15 ; also He, n 185, in 
57 (second); A, xma 13, &c. 
(see A). Ace. and dat. Ham (to, 
for) them, in introd., xin a 23, 
b 39 ; Hem (the most usual 
form), I 39, II 88, &c. ; Horn, 



v 353, vn 24, 35, &c. ; reft, (to, 
for) themselves, I 200, II 69, VI 
191, vn 33, vin a 69, 181, 182, 
y.lb 40, xv A 10, &c.; pleonastic 
(dat.\ xi a 61 ; cf. He. Ham- 
sylf (xill); Hemself, -selue, 
nom. themselves, XI b 190; ace. 
and dot., XI b 198 ; (refl.} vin a 
144, XI b 93, 109, xill b 24, XVI 
307 ; of hemself, by themselves, 
XI b 73. Pass. adj. (orig. gen!) 
Hare, their, in introd. ; Heore, 
xiv c 7, 45, &c.; Her(e) (the 
most usual form), I 39, ii i6,&c.; 
Hire, ix 165, 185, &c. ; Hor, 
v 345? VI 1 8, 181, &c. ; Huere, 
xv b 8,11, 29; Hure, vuib 50; 
(pronom.) here, theirs, XI b 129 ; 
here names ofalle, the names of 
all of them, I 37 ; at here abone, 
see Aboue(n). [OE. hi, hie (he, 
heo), &c., nom., ace. ; heora, 
hira, &c. gen. ; heom, him, dat. 
The vowel of a, hate, ham, is 
prob. due to infl. of OE. jba, 
fira, jam.-} See }>ai, His(e). 

Hy, Hyj (v), Hie, v. to hasten ; 
intr. XI b 274, XII b 104, XVII 
371 ; refl. v 53, xvn 289,312 
(i //. imfer.'). [OE. Jrigian.~] 

Hy(e), n. haste, in in hy(e), in 
haste, swiftly, x 46, 82, xvi 
367, &c. ; in (full) gi-et hy, x 
80, 90, &c. Cf. Heijing. [From 



Hy(e). See Heie, Heigh(e) ; Hi, 

pron. fern, and pi. 
Hyar. See Heis(e). 
Hide, v. to hide, keep secret, XI a 

57 ; refl. XIV b 22 ; Hidde,/a. t. 

ii 268, xvi 249 (intr.)j Hidd, 

pp. xii b 187. [OE. hydan.~\ 
Hyde, n. skin, v 244 ; hide, xv h 

II. [OE.y&X] 

Hydel. See Ydel. 

Hider, adv. hither, II 422, v 33, 

Xiv c 47, &c. ; Heder, xvn 

290 ; Hedir, to me, xvn 291. 

[OE. hider.~\ 
Hiderward, adv. hither, vin a 

317. [OE. hiderweard.~] 
Hidoui, Hidua, adj. awful, xvn 



GLOSSARY 



101,417; Hydously, adv. terri- 
bly, xvi 138. [OFr. hidous.-} 

Iliere, Hyerof, see Her(e), ailv, ; 
Hyf, see 3ef ; Hy$(e), see Heie, 
Heigh(e) ; Hy, v. 

Hight, Hy$t (vi), Heght fxvii), 
. height, XVII 260 ; of h. t in 
height, XVII 125 ; on h., on 
high, above, up, vi 141, xvi 88, 
235, XVII 136. [OE. hchpu.^ 
See Heigh(e). 

HijtCe) (Hyght, Hihte, &c.) ; 
Hihe. See Hole, v.; Heigh(e). 

Hii, see Hi, //. ; Hiis, see He, 
masc. 

Hyle, v. to protect, I 184. [ON. 
hylja.~} 

Hil, Hill(e), Hyll(e), n. hill, n 
354, v 13, 131, xvn 337.44 2 . 
466, &c. ; Hell, xn a 65, 79, 
86 ; Hul (Hulles, //.), xin a 
1 8, 45 ; by hylle ne be vale, no- 
where, under no circumstances, 
v 203. [OE. hytt (Kt. hell}.'} 

Him, Hym(e). See He, masc. ; Hit. 
Himself ; Hymself, -selue, 
-sylf, &c. See He, masc. 

Hyndrid, pp. hindered, xio 232. 
[OE. hindrian.} 

Hyne, n. servant, VIII a 125 ; //. 
labourers, vi 145. [OE. htga, 
gen. pi. hlgna.~\ 

Hypped, fa. t. hopped, V 164. 
[OE. *hyppan ; cf. hoppian.} 
See Hoppit. 

Hir(e), Hyr(e). See Hi, prons. 

Hyre, Hire, Huyre (vni), n. 
hire, pay, reward, VI 163, 223, 
vni a 133, 189, 192, &c. ; (in 
bad sense) xiv 66, xvi 167, 
260. [OE. hyr.~] 

Hyre, v. to hire, VI 147 ; Huyred, 
//. Vina 108, 307. [OE. 
hyr(i]an.-] 

Hirself. See Hi, pron. fern. 

Hya, His(e). See He, masc.; 
Hit ; Is. 

Hia(e),/rc. ace. sg.fem. her, in 
32, 53 ; ace. pi. them, in 7, 8, 
38 (see note). [See N.E.D., 
t.v. His.} 

Hysse. See He, masc. 

Hystoriale, adj. historical, VII 



title and introd. [OFr. his- 
torialJ} 

Hit, pron. 3 sg. neut. (tiom. and 
ace.) it, ill 27, IV a 52, &c. ; 
Hyt, I 19, xin a 12, &c. ; It, 
II 132, &c. j pleonastic, xn a 
56 ; as anticipated subject, it is 
(ere), there is (are), I introd., 
H 55 2 ; if (with pi. verb, ref. to 
prec. or following plural), they, 
villa 56, b 62, IX 139, Xlll'a 
1 1 ; them, vni a 43, 44. Dat. 
Him, (to) it, IX 124, 127 ; It, 

IV a ID, II 20 (indef. or //.). 
Pass. adj. His, Hys, IX 130, 
132, xin a 61, xiv c 59 ; Hyt- 
self, refl. itself, VI 86. [OE. 
hit, him, his^ 

Hitte, v. to strike, to hit (a mark), 

V 228 ; Hit, Hyt, pa. t. v 85, 
X 103, 127 ; Hitte,//. v 219. 
[OE. (late) hittan from ON. 
hitta.} 

Ho, Hoc, interj. ho !, esp. used to 

call a pause, v 262 (or imper. of 

next), xiv a 7 13, xvil 229. [Cf. 

OFr. ho !] 
Ho, v. to pause, xvn 411. [From 

prec.] 

Ho, pron. she ; see Hi, fern. 
Hobbe : familiar form of Robert 

(used contemptuously), XI b 176; 

Hobbe pc Robbere, xiv d 6 (see 

note). 
Hode, n. hood, n 229, v 229, 

VIII a 264. [OE. hod.} 
Hogges, n. pi. hogs, vni a 174. 

. [OE hogg.} 

Hoylle. See Hol(e), adj. 
Hoyne ( = hone), v. to delay, XVI I 

319. [? Related to Ho, v.~} 
Hol(e), adj. whole, sound, entire, 

(a)mended, V 322, vi 46, villa 

61, ix 80; Hoylle, xvn 388 ; 

Holle, v 228. [OE. hdl.] See 

Hele, v. 
Hold(e), n. stronghold, xn a 98 ; 

captivity, xvi 151. [OE. (ge-) 

Adtd.] 
Holde, adv. loyally, v 61. [OE. 

holdc.-} 
Holde(n), Hold, Hald(e), v. 

trans, to hold, keep, guard ; 

5 



GLOSSARY 



possess, have ; regard as, think ; 


Hom(e), n. home, XII b 181 ; long 


II 295 (inf. dep T on se 289), 495, 


home, eternal home (after death) , 


iva 52, 95, v 145, 280, 322, vi 


I 207. [OE. ham ; cf. langne 


94, 130, x 31, xi 186, xiv* 37, 


ham gesecean, Fates of Apost., 


&c ; refl. keep (oneself), remain, 


92.] 


villa 194, ix 279, xiv a* 15, 


Hom(e), Hame (XYIl), adv. home 


XV h 10 (holdyn, pres. pi.) ; 


(-wards), II 162, in 54, v 53, 


think oneself, IV b 12, V 273, 


villa 194, IX 285, 3i4,xvil 143, 


XVI 325 ; intr. keep, remain, II 


&c. ; back, vm a 92. [OE. 


95, X 57. Held(e),/a. t. n 94, 


ham.-] 


vil 21, &c. ; 3 sg. subj. if you 


Homely, adv. familiarly, XVI 64. 


kept, V 6 1 ; Holdyn, pa. t.pl. 


[OE. *AM./i.] 


vn 50 ; Halden,//. v 29, 209 ; 


Homerod, pa. t. (hammered), 


Holde(n), vil .',8, xi b 45, XII 


struck, v 243. [From OE. 


introd., &c. ; TThold, II 31. 


hamor, homor, n.] See Hamerys. 


Held in hand, ruled, II 488 ; 


Homward, adv. homewards, XI I b 


holde vp her hertis, keep up their 


104, 154, xvil 182. [OE./iam- 


spirits, (or sustain them), vm a 


weard.] 


208 ; holde with, have to do with, 


Hond(e),Hand(e), w.hand, 1 101, 


VIII a 54 ; holde it for, treasure 


11470, iv a 27, v 37, xiv c 45 


it as, vm a 206 ; hold none slyke, 


(//. or distrib. sg. ; see Hert), 


reckon none like (her), xvil 233; 


&c. ; Hend(e), //. IV a 65, 80, 


holde (to\, beholden (to), XII in- 


XVI *75, 400, xvil 34, 255; 


trod.; holden, bound, under obli- 


Honden, //. n 79. Held in 


gation, villa 88, XI b 298, 300. 
[OE. hdldan.~] See Bihold. 


hand, ruled, II 488 ; at our St., 
at hand, vil 13 ; hand yn h., I 


Hole, w. hole, vii 2, iX222,xiv 
22, &c. [OE. hol.~] 


I 5 I J 223; on hand, on the 
wrist, II 307 ; out of honde, 


Hoi}. See Holwe. 
Holi, Holy, adj. holy, I 12, xr 3 


straight away, V 217 ; tak vpon 
hand (without to\ undertake to, 


299, &c. ; Hooly, xia 10, n ; 


X 130. [OE. hond, hand; pi. 


Haly, IV a 84, b 50, 53, 75 ; 


hdnda ; ON. pi. hend-r.] 


Holyere,c<w//rtr. XI b 28. [OE. 


Hondqwile, n. moment, vn 117. 


halig.-] See Haljes, Halwid. 


[OE. hond-hwil.] 


Holy. .SV<? Holliche. 


Hondred, Hundred, adj. and n. 


Holicherche, n. Holy Church 


(orig. foil, by gen.pl.), n 143, 


(personified), villa 239; Koli- 


291, in 12, 15, xiil It 31, xv g 


kirke, vm a 28. See Holi, 


30 (see note), &c. ; (as ordinal) 


Cherche, Kirke. 


hundredth, IX 301. [OE. hun- 


Holynesse, n. sanctity, XI b 100. | dred.~] See Hund(e)ftth ; Part. 


[OE. halig-nes.-] 


Hondreduald, adj. hundredfold, 


Holle. See Hol(e\ 


III 50. [From prec.; cf. OE. 


Holliche, Holly, Holy (vi), adv. 
wholly, altogether, vi 58, xiv c 


hund(teontig~)faldl\ 
HongeJ>. See Hange. 


12, 97. [From Hol(e).] 


Hony, . honey, iv 19, 20, 26. 


Holpyn. See Helpen. 


[OE. hunig.-] 


Holtes, .^/. woods, II 214. [OE. 


Honnoure, Honour(e), n. hon- 


holt.-} 


our, II 36, VI 64, xvi 132, 133, 


Holwe, Holg, adj. hollow, II 268, 


&c. [OFr. honour.-] 


vi 14. [OE. holh, n.] 


Honoure, v. to honour, adorn, 


Holwenes, n. cavity, Xllla 15. 


vm a 12 ; //. as adj. V 344. 


[From prec.] 


[OFr. honour er.~\ 


Horn. See Hi, pron. pi. 


Honourable, adj. worthy (of 



GLOSSARY 



honour). IX 311. [OFr. hon- 


pass. Hette, hijle, &c., are due 


ourable^ 


to blending in form and function 


Hoo, see Ho, interj. ; Hooly, see 


of the pa. t. forms with pass. 


Holi. 


(taken as ivk. pa. A). Hete, 


Hoot, Hot(e), Hate (iv, vi), adj. 


pres., is prob. back-formation 


hot, burning, II 58, vi 28, VIII <J 


from hette.'] 


7, ix 7, u, xin a i, xv A 10, 


Hote. See Hoot. 


&c. ; grievous, bitter, iva 31; 


Hou, adv. interrog. (dir. and 


Hatter, compar. iv a 13. 


inJir.), how, in what way, that, 


[OE. hat ; hiittra, compar.] 


ii 132, 507, in i, XI a 62, 233, 


Hope, v. to hope, expect, imagine, 


&c. ; Hou;, xib 281, xilia 13, 


v 233, vill introd., a 88, XIV c 


b 1,42; How(e), xvi 3,.&c.; 


91, xvi 43, &c. ; hoped of, hoped 
for, V 240. [OE. hopian.~\ 


hou etiere, however, xi 255; 
how pat, how (indir.~) t IX 220, 


Hoper, . sower's seed-basket, 


XII a 43, &c. ; hou, how (it hap- 


viii a 63. [See N.E.D., s.v. 


pened), n 115. [OE. hii.'] See 


Hopper.'] 


Wou. 


Hoppit, pa. t. leapt, vil 142 ; 


Houed; Houndes. See Hufe; 


Hoppyng, pres. p. dancing, 


Hund. 


I 233; verbal n. I 226. [OE. 


Houped, pa. t. sg. shouted, vin a 


hoppian.'] See Hypped. 


165. [OFr. houper.~] 


Hor. See Hi, pron. pi. 


Houre;. See Oure, n. 


Hore, adj. hoar, grey, 11214, VIII a 


Hous(e), n. house, II 432, III 54 


77. \OKAdr.-] 


(dat.), xii a 47, xvi 136, &c.; 


Hors, n. horse, V 85, &c. ; //. 
XIII a 34 (beside horses, XIV b 


houses of offyce, XVII 134, see 
Office. ' [OE. hits.'] 


73) i on hors, on horseback, n 


Housebonde, . husband, XII a 


304, 395 ; gen. in hors bred (see 


133; Husband, xvi 45, xvn 


Bred). [OE. hors.'] 


208, &c. [OE. hiisbunda, from 


Hose, n. pi. hose, long stockings, 


ON. husbondi.'] 


xvn 225. [OE. hosa, hose.~] 


How(e), interj. ho!, villa no, 


Hospitalit6, . hospitality, XI b 


xvi 213. Cf. Ho. 


254. [OFr. hospitality.'] 


Huanne ; Huere ; Huerof. See 


Host. See Ost. 


Whan(ne); Hi, pron. pi. ; 


Hote, v. to bid ; promise, assure, 


Wher(e). 


vin a 256, 258; Hete, v 53, 


Hufe, v. to tarry, XVII 461 ; 


VI 42, xiv a 26. Pa. t. (act.] 


Houed, pa. t. halted, v 100. 


Het, bade, in 7, 20; Hy;t(e), 


[ME. hove(n) ; obscure.] 


Hijte, promised, v 150, 273, 
villa 125, 230. Passive (pres. 


Huge, adj. great, V 13, 352, 
ix 233, xiii a 10. [Cf. OFr. 


and pa. /.), is (was) called, 


ahttge.'] 


Hatte, in introd., vin a 45, 


Huyre(d) ; Hul(les) ; Hulpen. 


XIII a 63 ; Heiste ( - heihte ; 


See Hyre ; Hil ; Helpen. 


see Appendix 6, end), xv,"- 


Hund, Hound, n. dog, II 286, 


18; Hette, xvg 19; Hyjt(e), 


Xiv b 21, 76 ; houndes bred, see 


Hyght, Hijte, Hight, I 27,40, 


Bred(e). [OE. Aund.] 


45, villa 72, xvi 231, &c. ; 


Hund(e)reth, adj. and n. hundred, 


Hihte, XII a 85, b 20, &c. 


v 226, x 147, xvi 39, XVH 57, 


[Het], //. promised, XVII 301 ; 


&c. [ON. Aum/rad.] See 


Hight(e), xvi 351, 396, xvn 


Hondred. 


46 ; Yhote, called, II 601 ; 


Hungre, Hunger, . hunger, 


commanded, ill 29. [OE. 


villa 233, xvn 155, &c. ; 


halan ; bet, he/it, pa. t. ; hatte t 


Famine (personified), vin a 165, 


5* 



GLOSSARY 



&c. [OE. hunger.] See A- 

hungrye. 
Hunt(e) (to), v. to hunt (after), 

II 284, vnirt 30; Huntinge, 

n. XII b 5. [OE. kuntian ; him- 

tung.~\ 

Hure. See Hi, pron.fem. and pi. 
Hurt, v. trans, to hurt, V 223; 

//. and pa. t. V 243, X 56. 

[OFr. hurter.} 
HUB. See He, masc.; We. 
Hw-. See Wh-. 

I. See Ich ; In, prep. 

lacke, lak. Jack, xi b 176 ; 70* 

wr *'//, nobody, xvn 336. 

[ME. lakke, &c., pet-name 

assoc. with ' John '.] 
laies, ./>/. jays, xi b 249. [OFr. 

/<"'] 
langle, . to quarrel, vm a 309. 

[OFr. j angler] 
lape, w. trick, delusion, XI b 137, 

xn a 1 29, b 66. [Not known.] 
Iboust. SeeEigge,v. 
Ic ; least. See Ich, pron.\ Cast. 
Ich, adj. 1 (after ^/.r or /a/), same, 

very, n 63, 455, 540; Yche, 

I 208, 216. [OE. ilca] See 
Ilk(e), adj. 1 

Ich, Yohe, adj.* each, every, n 
179, 254, 364 (see Manere), 
vn 19, xvii 151 (see Kinde), 
170, &c.; Vch, v 13, vi 243, 
XV* 6; if A a, every, II 187, 
276 (not 307) ; each, xvii 273 ; 
vch a, VI 15, 76, 101, XIV c 20, 
99 ; ich a deyll, ylk a dele, see 
Dele, n. ; in ich ways, see Way, 
Wise ; Ich, pron. each (one), 

II 184, 292, 295, 307. [OE. 
ylc.~\ See Eche ; Euerich ; 
Ichon ; like, adj. 2 ]>e. 

Ich, pron. i sg. I, II 113, in 2, 



i, xv (-5, </4,/6,&c.; Ic, 
xv^-26, 3i;Icche,xva 2,11; I, 
Y, passim ; coalescing with foil. 
word in Ichabbe, Icham, Ichaue, 
Ichil, Ichim, Ichot, Ichulle, q.v. 
Me, ace. and dot. (to, for) me, V 
13 8 >I45>VI 205, xv a 20,^10,31 
(see Reue), and passim ; Mee, 
XVI 274; ethic dat. (I beg), v 



76; in impers. constr. (where 
Mn.E. has 'I'), n 177, iva 10, 
xv b 34 ; me is wo, woe is me, 
II 33 1 fl. ace. myself, IX 279, 
xvi 325, xvii 238, &c.; dat. 
(pleonastic with verb of motion) 
xv a 4. Mi, poss. adj. 1 1 120, 
124, &c. ; My, passim-. Min, 
Myn(e), i 126, n 205,' vin a 
31, XV g ii, &c. ; as sb. (my 
property, people, &c.), vi 206, 
vill a 142, xvi 217, 312, xvii 
236(5J>at,/r0.). Miself(f)e, 
Myselue(n), noni. myself, n 
566, V 293, Vina 80, ix 292, 
&c. ; I myself, vin a 252, xvi 67, 
312 ; ace. and dat. (me) myself 
(not TV/?.), vin a 28, 131. [OE. 
ic, me", mitt, me selfan, &c.] See 
Self. 

Ichabbe, i sg. pres. ind. I have, 
xv c 9 ; Ychabbe, XV c 32 ; 
Ichaue, 11 209, 516. [OE. ic 
hxbbe (hafo, but not WS.).] See 
Habbe. 

Icham, i sg. pres. ind. I am, n 
137, 382, 513, xv c 8, 29, d i ; 
Ycham, XV* 23. [OE. ic 
am.~] 

Ichil, i sg. pres. ind. I will, 
intend to, II 132, 212, 341, 451 ; 
(with ellipse of verb of motion) 
I will go, ii 129, 316 ; Ichulle, 
XV c 19; ichil latow be, may 
you be, II 471. [OE. ic wile, 
wylle.~\ ^Wille, v. 

Ichim = Ich him (ace.'), II 428. 

Ichon, Vchon (vi, vin), pron. 
each one, every one, II 161, vi 
90, Vina 202, &c. ; in apposi- 
tion with pi. noun, xvn 279. 
[OE. ylc + .] See Ich, adj. 1 ; 
Echone, Euedchon, Ilkane. 

Ichot, i sg. pres. ind. I know, 
xv* 23, c 10. [OE. ic u-at] 
See Wite(n). 

Ichulle. See Ichil. 

Icnowe, v. to know, xv g 32. 
[OE.ge-cnawan.~\ AKnowe(n). 

lentilman. See Gentil. 

leu, lewe, n. Jew, ix 163, xi * 
201, xv - 18, xvi 147, &c. 
[OFr.^'w, older >(>.] 



GLOSSARY 



If(f), Yf, lif. See let. 


(ii)On, iv 41, V 157, 279 (of 


He, M. island, ix 40 ; Yle, ix 134, 


time), IX 122, 286, XIII a 45, 


261 (note), 310. [OFr. tie.'] 


&c. In cas, in feere (fere), see 


Ileid, Ileyd. See Lay. 


Cas, Yfere (Fere). [OE. in.] 


Ilyche (MS.inlyche), adv. equally, 


See In, Inne, advs. 


alike, vi 186, 242. [OE. ge- 


Incontynenoe, n. unchastity, ix 


llce.~] See Lyke. 


130. [OFr. incontinence.] 


Ilyke, adj. equal, the same, IV a 


Indede, adv. indeed, xi b 108, &c. 


14. [OE.ge-faJ] See Lyke. 


[OE. in + dade, dat. sg.] 


Ilkane, Ilkone, pron. each one, 


Induyr. See Enduir. 


every one, X 160 (note), xiv b 74. 


Inforrnacioun, n. information, 


[OE. ylc+an.'] See Ilk, adj." 1 ; 


IX 291. [OFr. information^ 


Ichon ; Echone. 


Infortune, n. evil fortune, xil a 


Ilk(e), adj. 1 (only liter }e t }is, fat) 


162. [OFr. infortttne.] 


very, same, ill 45, v 65, vin a 


Inglis. See Englijsch. 


155 (j^While), xi i a 190,^29, 


Inne, Ynne, adv. in (inside) , ix 


&c. ; pe ilke zehie, (namely) that 


188, xin a ai ; after rel. in 


same man, ill 27. [OE. ilca.~] 


pat . . in(ne), in which, I 190, 


See Ich, adj.* ; Thilke ; pe. 


VIII a 298, xv i 10 ; Ine, prep. 


Ilk(e), Ylk (IV), adj? each, every, 


in, III introd. 16, 33, 35, 49, 50 ; 


X 35, XVI 273 ; ilk(e) a, every, 


on (of time) III introd. [OE. 


IV a 27 (see Dele, .), x 133, 


innan, prep., adv. ; inne, adv.] 


XVI 130, 253. [OE.y<r.] See 
Ich, adj?\ Eche. 


See In, adv., prep. ; J?aie; j?cr(e\ 
Innoghe, Inogh(e). See Ynoj. 


Ill, Yll, adj. bad, IV 3 35; 


Inpossible, adj. inpossible . ..to 


grievous, iv a 31 ; evil, wicked, 


be, impossible, IX 152. [OFr. 


iv b 84, xvn 208 ; as sb. (//.), 


impossible^ 


the wicked, xvi 34 ; Ill(e), adv. 


Inspiracioun, . inspiration, ix 


ill, xv* 24 (see Like); badly, 


331. [OFr. inspiracion.'] 


evilly, cruelly, unluckily, VIII a 


Instruments, n. pi. appliances, 


198, xiv a 31, xvi 139, xvn 
203, 220, 246, &c. [ON. ill-r ; 


X 8. [OFr. instrument.'] 
Insuffisance, n. inability, ix 313. 


ilia, adv.] 


[OFr. insuffisance.'} See Suffise. 


Illusiouns, . //. deceptions, ix 


Intil(l), Intyl(l), prep, into, iv a 


85. [OFr. illusion.'] 


3, 9, 1 6, 2 1 , b 30, Sec. ; in, x 1 1 8, 


Imete, v. to meet, xv^- 6 ; imttte 


122. [OE. /MM + ON. til.} See 


wid, he met, XV 7. [OE. ge- 


In, adv. ; Til, prep. 


metan.'] See Mete(n). 


Into, Ynto, prep, into, i 146, 


Impe. See Ympe. 


li 163, &c. ; onto, in puff en hem 


In, Yn, adv. in (of motion), I 80, 


into, embark on, ix 183; up to, 


n 347, xin a 9, xv^- 24, xvi 


until (cf. To), xn a 190, 221 ; 


270, &c. ; Inne, v 128. [OE. 
inn.'] 5Into,Intill; Inne; J>are. 


(un)to, xiv c 25. [OE. inn to, 
into.] See In, adv. 


In, n. lodging, n 565 ; //. in takes 


Inward, adv. inside, XII a 72. 


he his ines, takes up his quar- 


[OE. in(nan'}-'uieard.'] 


ters, xiv b 27. [OE. inn, n.] 


Inwardly, adv. heartily, earnestly, 


In, Yn, I (xv a, g}, prep, (i) In, 


xvi 361. [OE. in-iveard-lue.\ 


I 3, ii 13, xili a 3, xv a 9,^5, 


Inwyt, Inwytte, . conscience, 


13, &c. ; into, II 349, XII a 1 25, 


in title and introd. [OE. in 


&c. ; according to, as regards, 


+ witt; cf. in-geuntnety con- 


with respect to, &c., vi 239, ix 


science.] 


141, XI b 26, 204, &c. ; in all 


Inwith, adv. within, V 1 14. [OE. 


his myghte, with &c., IV b 77. 


in + wip.] 



GLOSSARY 



lohan, lohon. John, xiv d 2, 3, 
6, 9, 1 6. [L. lohannes't cf. 
OYi.Jehan] See lacke. 

loie, Ioy(e), . joy, II 6, 45, 
IV b 54, XII a 175, &c. ; makes 
ioie, rejoice, xvi 383. [OFr. 
/fit.'] 

lolif, adj. gay, joyons, II 305. 



lolitS, . riotous mirth, levity, 
xi 1 1 6, 129, 182. [OFr. 
joli(ve*}ti] 

loparde, . hazard ; lys no ioparde 
of, there is no question of, vi 
242. [OFr./M (//) parti, even 
game, doubtful chance.] 

lourneyes, . //. day's journeys, 

IX 259. \OVr.joitrttee.] 
Ipotayne, . hippopotamus, IX 

240. [Ipotaine, mistake (in for 
at) for Qr.yfotame, convenient 
corruption of L. hippopotamus. ,] 

Ire. .S Yre, . s 

Irnebandis, . //. iron bands, 

X 24. [OE. f;y + ON. tawo 7 ; 
cf. OE. iren-bend.]. See Bond ; 
Yre, . 1 

Is, Ys, His (xi), 3 sg.pres. ind. 
is, I 9, 19, vill 105, XI b 256, 
&c. ; exists, 1x146; (without 
pron.) it is, I 253, 254, V 121, 
&c. ; 2 sg. art, XV I 360 ; pi. are, 
vni b 48, x 124, xvii 10, &c. ; 
rime requires Es (q.v.*) at I 128 
(note), xvii 10. [OE. is] See 
Es, Nis. 

Is, ?*t. sg. See He. 

Ise;e, -seye, -sei^e. See Se(n). 

Isold. S,* Selle(n). 

Issue, . way out, IX 198, 235. 
[OFr. issNe.~\ 

1st, is it, xvii 517. See Is. 

It ; Itake. See Hit ; Take(n). 

lueler, . jeweller, xn3 150. 
[OFr./<f/(r.] 

luelis, . //. jewels, XI b 283. 
[OFr./*?.] 

luge, . to judge, xvi 320. [OFr. 
JHgier.] 

Inggement, . judgement, xn3 
207. [OFr./w^v/j/.] 

luntly, oo'o. close, x 97. [From 
OFr. joint, jnint, pp.] 



lustice, . justice, vnifl 324. 
[OFr. justice^ 

Iwis, Iwysse, aafr. certainly, 
indeed (often, /. in rime, 
practically meaningless), v 121, 
172, vi 34, xiv b 17, xvii 550. 
[OE. ge-wiss, adj. ; cf. mid (to) 
gewisse.] 

K-. See also C. 

Kache, v. to chase, catch ; kache) 
his caple, urges on his horse, v 
107 ; Ka;t (to\ pa. t. took hold 
(of), V 308 ; Cawht.//. caught, 
xii a 161. [ONFr. cachitr, 
conjugated on anal, of ME. 
la(f]chen. ] 

Kaies, Kayes, . //. keys, xiv a 
36, b 88, 89. [OE. cSg.\ 

Kalf, w. calf, Vina 282. [OE. 
calf.} 

Kanel,M.(wind-pipe1,neck, V23O. 
[ONFr. cartel.] See Chanel. 

Karol(l)e, v. to perform a ' carol ' 
(see next), I 54, 83, &c. ; Karol- 
lyng, . I 55. [OFr. carol(l)er.] 

Karolle, . a carol, a dance 
accompanied with song (often 
used with ref. to song only), 
I I, 14, &c. [OFr. carolle.] 

Kauelacion, . cavilling, quib- 
bling objection, v 207. [OFr. 
cavillacion.] 

Keyng(es). See Kyng. 

Kele, Keill, Keyle, v. to cool, 
IV a 26 (intr^) ; to kele (keitt) 
cares, to assuage sorrows, xvi 
84, xvii 300; with person as 
dir. obj. ,from cares the to keyle, 
to preserve thee from grief, xvi I 
1 1 8. [OE. celan] 

Ken, Kenne, v. to make known, 
vn 25 (see note); to teach, 
vina 14, 22, 24, xiv b 4 (see 
Crede), xvi 50, &c. ; to know, 
in daw to ken, to be known for 
a fool, xvii 248; will je it ken, 
if you will recognize the fact, 
XIV b 8 ; understand, I inlrod. ; 
//. (well) known , x I v b 9. [OE. 
cennan, prob. infl. by senses of 
ON. kenna.] Cf. Knowe(n). 

Ken. See Cou, Kyn. 



GLOSSARY 



Kene, adj. keen, bold,eager, xiv a 

2, b 9, 76 ; bitter (enemy), v 

3*8. [OE. fate.-] 
Kepo, . heed ; in tok no kepe of, 

XII a 159. [From next.] 
Kepe, v. to guard, preserve, keep, 

tend, II 208, v 80, 230, vin a 

8 5 : 34 I 53 IX 2o6 XI <* *4 6 > 
xvii 235 (see Charite), &c. ; 
kepe seynte-warie, minister in the 
sanctuary, VIII l> 83 ; to care to, 
in J>e lette I ne kepe, I have 
no wish to stop you, v 74 ; 
Kepynge, . xi 70. [OE. 
cepanJ] See Vnkept. 

Kertel. See Kirtel. 

Kerue(n), v. to cut, vin a 98; 
prune, VI 152. [OE. ceorfan.'] 

Kest, . a ' cast ' (see Cast, .) ; 
a blow, V 230 ; plot, treachery, 
V 345 ; used as ' treacherous 
thing ' (cf. Falssyng), v 308. 
[ON. kast.-] 

Kest(e). See Cast, Kysse. 

Ketten. See Kntten. 

Keuer(e), v. to (re)gain, recover; 
intr. recover, survive, v 230 ; 
keuere), ' gets ', makes his way, 
V 153. [OE. a-cofrian, intr., 
and OFr. (re-}covrer, 3 sg. 
-keuvre, trans.] See Recoueren. 

Kidde, Kyd ; Kyend; Kyjn, 
Kyn(e). See Ky}>e; Kinde; 
Cou. 

Kille, Kylle, v. to kill, vill a 32, 
v 43. [?OE. *cyllan\ earliest 
ME. sense appar. ' beat '.] 

Kyn, Kynne, Ken (ill), n. sg. 
kindred, relatives, III introii., 
vin b 8t, xvi 232 (see Ende) ; 
kind, sort : Cunnes, Kyns, 
gen. sg. in enes cunnes, (of any 
kind), any sort of, xv.^22 ; eny 
kyns, vin b 20; nones cunnes, 
(of no kind), no sort of, XV 20 ; 
(with loss of inflexions) na kyn, 
X 59 (see J>ing) ; nor . . . no kyn, 
nor . . . any (sort of), xvi i 138; 
cf. Alkyn, Wolues-kynnes. [OE. 
fynn (Kt. ).] See Eny, 
No(ne). 

Kinde, Kynd(e), Kyend (iv), 
. nature, natural character (of 



body or mind), kind, iva 41, 
44 (see note), V 312, vin a 157, 
IX 56, xii a 8, 1 25, &c. ; in hir 
kinde, in her own way, XI I b 
128; species, in ich kynd (with- 
out of), every kind of, xvn 151 ; 
Kyndis, pi. characteristics, IV b 
i. [OE. (ge-]c}nd.-\ 

Kynde, adj. inborn, naturally 
belonging to one, VIII a 243, 
b 58 ; to his kynde name, as his 
proper name, VII 70; Kynde 
Witt, natural intelligence, com- 
mon sense, VIII a 243 (personil.). 
[OE. (ge-~)cynde.'\ See Vnkinde. 

Kynd(e)ly, adv. kindly, vi 9, 
VII 173, &c. [From prec. in 
developed sense ' having natural 
feeling'; OE. ge-cynde-Kce, 
naturally.] 

Kindel, v. to kindle ; trans, to 
cause (sorrow), xiva 10; intr. 
to begin, xiv a 19. Cf. Kele. 
[Rel. to ON. kynda (cf. kyndill, 
torch) ; distinct from ME. kind- 
len, beget.] 

Kyndom, n. kingdom, VI 85. 
[OE. cyne-dom.~\ 6Vtf Kyngdome. 

Kyng, King, Keyng (iv), n. 
king, i 27, ii 25, iv a 8, 66, 
v 207 (note), xiv d 10 (note), 
&c. ; Kynggis, //. XI b 284. 
[OE. cyning, cyng, &c.] 

Kyngdome, Kingdom, n. king- 
ship, XI 268, xvi 186; king- 
dom, ii 206, &c. [OE. eyning- 
dom.'\ 

Kirke, Kyrk, n. church, Church, 
v 128, vin a 85; see note to 
vin b 63. [ON. kirkja.~\ See 
Cherche. 

Kirtel(l), Kertel (in), n. kirtle 
(a short coat reaching about to 
the knees, worn under an outer 
garment), II 229, in 39, xiv 
6 1. [OE. eyrie/, Kt. *certel.~\ 

Kysse, v. to kiss ; Kyssedes, 
2 sg.pa. t. v 283 ; Keste, 3 sg. 
xi i a 178. [OE. cyssa(Ki. 
cessan}.] See Cossej. 

Kip, Kyth, n. country, people, 
V52,xivc92. [OE. cyj>]>u.~] 

Ky])e, v. to make known, reveal ; 



GLOSSARY 



"Kyjje; (MS. lyj**), imper.pl. 
show, vi 9 ; Kidde,//. revealed, 


Knit, Knyt, Knet (xii),//. tied, 
bound, closed together, xil * 30, 


XII b 188, XVI 251 ; Kyd, 


54, xiv <: 29, xvn 451. [OE. 


shown, offered, V 272 ; acknow- 


cnytlan.~\ 


ledged, vii 173; Kud, famed, 


Knok(ke), Knock(e), . knock, 


x i v c 9 1 . [OE. cylan, pp. (ge-} 


blow, v 311, xv A 4, xvn 342. 


fad.] 


[From next.] 


Knacke(n), v. to sing in a lively 
or ornate manner (ref. esp. to 
the breaking up of simple notes 


Knokkep, 3 sg. pres. knocks, n 
379. [OE. cnocian.~] 
Knokled, adj. knobbed, rugged, 


into runs and trills ; cf. sniale 


v 98. [From ME. knok e)le, 


brekyttge}, XI* 161, 173, 177; 


knob, knuckle; cf. OFris. 


Kuackynge, n. trilling, XI b 


knok(e)le.'] 


159, 182. [Prob. same as ME. 
knacken, to crack, snap, &c.] 


Knorned, adj. 'gnarled, v 98. 
[Unknown.] 


Knackeris, n. pi. trill-singers, 


Knowe(n), v. to know, v 26, ix 


XI* 145. [From prec.] 


75, &c. ; Cnowe, villa 213; 


Knape, n. fellow, v 68. [OE. 


Knaw(e), I, iv, vi, xvi, xvn ; 


cnapa.~\ 


Knewe(n), Knew, pa. t. II 


Knappes, . //. studs, bosses, 


408, iv a 43, ix 291, &c. ; 


vm a 265. LOKrwff//.] 


Knowe(n),//. vii 46, xi * 231, 


KnarreJ, n. pi. t crags, ? gnarled 


xiv c 91 ; Knowun, XI a 2/7, 


boulders, v 98. [! Cf. LG. 


&c. ; Yknowe, xm a 12, * i : 


knarre, knot] 


to know, understand, recognize, 


Knaue, Knafe (xvn), n. a low- 


i 220, iv* 86, v 174, vi 50. 


born man, servant, vm a. 51, 


Vina 51, ix 75, 114 (**/.), 


* 66, xvi 244, xvn 173; 


xi a 40, &c. ; knowe (Jro, 


Knauene, gen. plur. vm * 56, 


frant), distinguish (from), villa 


xv h 4. [OE. cnafa.~] 


50, xiv a" 12; to experience, in 


Knaw(e). See Knowe. 


vnrid to knowe, grievous to en- 


Kne, Kneo (xin), n. knee, n 


dure, xvn 41 ; to confess, ac- 


507, xin a 39, xvn 488 (distrib. 


knowledge (cf. Biknowe), xvi 


sg. ; see Herte). [OE. cneo.~] 


315; the sot h for to knaw, to 


Kuele, Kneole (xill), v. to 


tell the truth, xvii 246; to 


kneel, n 223, 418, 472, v 4, 


make known, declare, xvi 283. 


X 1 1 1 a 48 ; Knelan d( e ) , pres. p. 


[O E. (ge- ) cnawan. ] See Icno we , 


II 250, VI 74, xvn 488. [OE. 


Ken. 


ctieowlian,~\ 


Knowing, . knowledge, xi a 41, 


Knet ; Knew(e). See Knit ; 


66. [From prec.] 


Knowe. 


Knoweleche, Knowlage, . 


Knight(e), Knyght(e), Knijt, 


knowledge, vii 73; for knowe- 


Kny3t(e), Kniht (xiv), n 
knight, II 86, III 14, v 63, VII 


leche, for fear of recognition, n 
482. [? Stem of ME. knowe- 


87, vill a 22, IX 108, xiv c 58, 


lechcn, OE. *(ge-}cnaivlxcan ; 


&c. ; Kni^te, dot. sg. in n, 


but the noun is recorded first.] 


25 ; Cnistes (for Cniste, gen. 


Koyntly. See Queynt. 


//.), xv g 30 (note). [OE. 
cniht, servant ; on enisles, see 


Kokeney, n. (lit. cocks' egg), 
small egg, vni.a 280. [ME. 


Appendix, p. 378.] 


cokken(e), gen. pi. (OE. cocc) + 


Knyght-fees, n.pl, estates of land 


ey (OE. Kg} ; see N.E.D., s.v. 


(held by a knight under obliga- 


Cockney.] 


tion of armed service), VIII * Si. 


Kole-plantes, . />/. cabbages 


fPrec. + OFi.y] 


(and similar vegetables), vm a 



GLOSSARY 



281. [OE. cdl+plante.'] See 


Leyn, v. to lay, set, put, 1217, 


Coyll. 


1x125, xv/ 12, -13, xvn 461 ; 


Kougons, n. pi. changelings, mis- 


lay on, smite, xvi 143 ; leid to 


shapen creatures, xv h 5. [ME. 


wedde, deposited in pledge, 


conjoun (frequent) ; from ONFr. 


mortgaged, vin^77;to wager, 


*ea(ti)ngiun, OFr. changon(\zry 
rare).] 


vnia 263, xvn 479; lay down, 
establish (law), xv 1 3 29. Layde, 


Konne. See Can, v. 


pa. t. in laydeperon, applied to 


Kort, n. court, v 272 ; Oourt(e), 


it, it 38; Leyde, vili a 116; 


I 23 2 ," 3?6, &c. [OFr. co(u)rt.\ 


Ileyd, Ileid, //. in ileid . . . 


Kowarde, adj. coward(ly), V 63. 


hitte, laid low, xiv<: 71, 81 ; 


[OFr. couard.~\ See Cowardyse. 


Layd, Laide, I introd., xvi 83, 


Kowe, . tail, (verse in) tail-rime ; 


xvn 282, &c. ; Leyd,Leid(e), 


couthe not haf 'toppled a k., could 


i 109, xn b 33, 119, &c. [OE. 


have made nothing of an intri- 


lecgan,leg-; legde.] ^"^Ligge(n). 


cately rimed verse, Introduction 


Lay, Lay^. See Ligge(n). 


xv. [OFr. toue.~\ See Couwee. 
Kronykeles, n. chronicles, I 251. 


Lay(e), n. lay, 11 3, 13, 599, &c.; 
see note to n 12. [OFr. /at.] 


[OFr. cronicle.] 


Layf, Laiff, . remainder, rest, 


Kud. See Ky]>e. 


X 132, 142. [OE. laf.} 


Kim, Kunne(n). See Can, v. 


Layne, v. to conceal ; layne yow 


Kutten, v. to cut, ix 140 ; 


(me), keep your (my) secret, 


Cut, vn 146; Ketten, pa. t. 


v 56, 60. [ON. leyna.] 


pi. vili a 182. [I OE. *cyltan ; 


Laite, . lightning, vn 135, 153. 


see N.E.D,~] 


[OE. lfget(u}.-] 




Laited, pa. t. searched for, vn 


Labour(e), n. labour, villa 27, 


170. [ON. leita.~\ 


247, b 44, &c. [OFr. labour^ 
Labor (e), Labour(e) , v. to labour, 


Lake, . lake, IX 182, xina 63, 
64. [OE. lacu, stream infl. by 


Vina 1 1 8, 8, 70, &c. ; labours 


unrelated OFr. lac, lake.] 


with londe, till the soil, vma 


Lakke, v. intr. with dat. to be 


267 ; trans, to labour upon, cul- 


lacking (to) ; yow lakkeda lyttel, 


tivate, vi 144. [OFr. /<?&?(>.] 


you were somewhat at fault, v 


Laboror(e), n. labourer, vnia 


298 ; trans, to find fault with, 


302,313, b 77, xi b 296. [From 


vina 219. [FromLac,. ; cf. 


prec. ; cf. OFr. laboreor."} 


M.Dn. laken.} 


Lac, n. blemish, flaw, n 460. 


Lammasse, n. Lammas (August 


[Cf. MLG. lak.] See Lakke. 
Lacche, v. to catch ; to get, vn i a 


ist), via a 284 (note). [OE. 
hlAf-mmsse, hlammsesse.] 


223 ; Laghton, pa. t. pi. in 


Lance, v. to utter, v 56. [OFr. 


laghton J>e watur, put to sea, 


lanc(t]er, cast.] See Launcher. 


vn 119. [OE. Imcfan, l&hte.'] 


Land(e) ; Lang-. See Lond ; 


Lace, n. thong, v 158 (see note). 


Long-. 


Lacyd,//. ensnared, caught, IV a 


Langage, Longage (xili), lan- 


79. [OFr. lacker.-} 


guage, vn 59, ix 185, xi a 12, 


Ladde, . low-born fellow, XVI 


X 1 1 1 b 2 , 4, &c. [OFr. langage.} 


243. [Obscure.] 


Langett, n. thong (for tying hose, 


Ladde. See Lede(n). 


shoes, &c.), xvii 224. [OFr. 


Ladyschyp, n. queenly state, VI 


laitguelle.~\ 


218. [OE. hlxjdige + -stipe.] 


Lante. See Lene, v. 1 


See Leuedi. 


Lanterne, n. lantern, villa 170. 


Laghton. See Lacche. 


[OFr. lanterne.~] 


Lay, Legge (vin), Lei, Lay(e), 


Lapidarye, n. treatise on precious 



GLOSSARY 



stones, IX 75 (see note). [L. 
lapiddriutn, ] 

Lappe, . loose end, or fold, of a 
garment, villa 288, xv/ n. 
[OE. Ixppa.} 

Large, adj. generous, II 28 ; 
ample, VI 249 ; broad, large, v 
157, IX 18, 155, 254 &c. ; 
Largelich, adv. generously, II 
451. [OFr. large.} 

Larges, . generosity, v 313. 
[OFr. largesse.} 

Lascheth, 3 sg. pres. ? belabours, 
xv A 17. [See N.E.D., s.v. 
Lash.-} 

Lasse, Les(se\ adj. compar. less, 
smaller, iva 92, v 158, vi 131, 
IX 29, 48, xni b 36, &c. ; quasi- 
sf>., less, vi 241, &c. ; ? a smaller 
piece, xv h \ 7 ; ]>e lasse in werke, 
those who have worked less, vi 
239, 240 (see Longe, adv.) ; 
more and les(se}, les and more, 
see More ; adv. less, v 300, 
vina 161, xi a 58, &c. ; neuer 
fe lesse, nevertheless, I fi. 
Leest, Lo.ste, superl. least, IV b 
85 ; both the most and the leest, 
all, xvn 452. [OE. liessa (lies, 
adv.) ; l&st.} 

Last, Lest, conj. lest, xi b 242, 
xv c 31, xvn 55. [OE. ]>e 
I&s-J>e.} 

Last(e), superl. adj. last, vi 187, 
211, &c. ; quasi-sb. in at J>e, 
atte, ate las((e), at last, in the 
end, II 93, \\i\b 99 (MS. 
latiste), XII a 105, b 188, &c.; 
at pe laste ende, in the end, 
vni b loi. [OE. latest, Isetest.} 
See Atte, Late, Fnrst. 

Last(e), v. to endure, last, extend, 
iva 1,25, ix 199, xvi 66, xvii 
265, dec. ; Last (OE. Afc*), 3 sg. 
pres. II 335 ; Last, pa. t. sg. 
vn 56; be lastand, endure, iva 
58 ; euer to last, everlasting, 
VII 2; Lastynge, n. endurance, 
perseverance, IV b 73, XI b 122. 
[OE. l&stan.} 

Lat(e). See Lete. 

Late, adv. late, I 108, VI 178, 
xiv i 91, &c. ; lately, recently, 



XVII 442 ; erly and late, at all 

times, VI 32 ; noive late, just 

lately, xvi 162, 329. [OE. 

late.} See Laste. 
Lateyri, Latyn(e), n. and adj. 

Latin, I 58, 96, XI a 18, &c. 

[OFr. latin.} 
Latte. See Lete. 
LaJ>ed,/ta. t. invited, V 335. [OE. 

lafian.} 
Laude (of}, v. to praise (for), XVI 

384. [L. lauddre.} 
Laue, v. trans, and inlr. to pour, 

vi 247, XV,- 16. [OE. lafan.} 
Launce, . lance, V 129. [OFr. 

lance.} 
Launchet, -it, pa. t. darted, leapt, 

VII 135, 153 ; launchet to, 
reached, vil 163. [ONFr. 
lane her.} See Lance. 

Ijaunde, . glade, grassy space, 
V 78, 86, 103, 265. [OFr. 
la(tt)nde.} 

Laund-syde, . shore, vil 170. 
[OE. land* side.} See Lond (e). 

Law. See Lowe, adj. 

Law(e), n. 1 law, vma 159, 313, 
XI a 2, 22, xiv b 63, xvi 313, 
&c. ; practice, customary be- 
haviour, in doj> at Crystyn 
mennys I., behave as Christians, 
I 82. [OE. lagu, from ON.] 

Lawe, . 2 mound, knoll, v 103, 
107. [OE. hlaw.} 

Lawse, v. to loose(n), undo, v 
308 ; Lowsyd, pa. t. delivered, 
XVII 209. [From ME. laus, 
lotts, adj. ; ON. laus-s.} 

Leche, n. physician, vni a 268. 
[OE. /ace.] 

Lechecraft, . (art of) medicine, 

VIII a 251. [OE. lx,ce-crxft.} 
Lechery(e), . sensuality, villa 

137, xvn 53. [OFr. lecherie} 
Ledderis, n. pi. ladders, x 53. 

[OE. hl&dder.} 

Lede, n. 1 man, knight, V 27, VII 
62, 75 ; voc. my good man, vi 
182 ; Leyde, XVII 48, in every 
lijfyng /., everybody ; Leudo, 
v 265, 321, 353. [OE. (allit.) 
lead, prince.] 
Lede, Leede, w. 2 people, country, 



GLOSSARY 



infurgh land and lede, over the 
earth, I 227 ; in leede, on earth, 
xvi 70, 135. [OE. libde, pi., 
and lead, fem.] 

Lede(n), Ledyn, Leyd (xvil), 
v. to lead, bring, I 153, IX 214, 
XVI 391 ; guide, direct, XI a 55 ; 
topass.lead (life), iva 49,63^1 
32, xv h 20, xvn 393. Ledys, 
pres.pl. IV b 55 ; Ladde,/. t. 
II 584; Ledde, I 63, HI 55; 
Led, pp. treated, xvil 202. 
[OE. Isbdan.-] 

Ledeing, . ; at his /., under his 
control, XIV b 54. [From prec,] 

Leder. See Ly'fer. 

Loders, . //. leaders, xiv b 94. 
[From Lede(n).] 

Leede. See Lede, w. 2 

Leef, Lef, . leaf; item (with ref. 
to books), villa 251 ; sctle . . . 
at a lef, made light of, vin b 
1 01 ; Leues, Leves,//. II 244, 
vn 103, ix 1*4, xv 6 14. [OE. 
leaf.-] 

Leel ; Leere. See Lele ; Lere. 

Lpes, Lese, n. falsehood ; ivith- 
out(en) lees, &c., truly, xvi 1 27, 
xvn 390. [OE. leas.] See 
Lesing. 

Leest ; Leet ; Leeue. See 
Lasse ; Lete ; Leue, v* 

Lef, Leof (xiv), adj. dear, n 102, 
*4o6 ; eager, xiv c 6 ; Leue 
(auk. in zw.), xv^ 10; as sb., 
dear one, VI 58. Leuer, corn- 
par, in /. me -were to, I would 
rather, II 177 ; Leueste, most 
pleasing (to God), vin b 89. 
[OE. leaf.} 

Lef, see Leef; Lef(f)e, Lefte, 
see Leue, v. 1 

Leggaunce, . (performance of) 
duty to his liege lord, xiv c 67. 
[OFr. legiance.} 

Legg, n. leg, vi 99, v 160, vin a 
1 1 6. [ON. legg-r.] 

Legge, Lei, Ley(e), &c. See 
Lay, v, 

Leid(e), Leyd(e). See Lay, v. ; 
Lede, . ; Lede(n). 

Leif(f), Leyf, Leyue. See Leue, 
f. 1 and v? 



Leymonde. See Leme. 

Lele, Leel, adj. lawful, VIII 6 109; 
faithful, xvi 65 ; according to 
covenant, xvn 446. [OFr. 
lee!.-] 

Lelly, adv. loyally, faithfully, V 
56, 60, xvi 403. [From prec.] 

Leme, v. to shine, flash, v 158 ; 
Leymonde, pres. p. VH 153. 
[OE. *leomian ; ON. Ij6ma^ 

Lemes. See Lym(e). 

Lemman, n. lover, xv<* 20. 
[OE. */S>f.man; early ME. 
leofrnott.] 

Lende, v. trans, and intr. to 
' land ' ; lende (on), to come, 
fall (upon), xvi 47, 54 ; lendes 
(ill) brings (into), IV a 44 ; 
Lended, pa. t. remained, xiv * 
45 ; Lent, //. gone, taken 
away, xv<: n, 39 ; Ylent (on}, 
come (upon), xv c 24. [OE. 
lendan, go, arrive; the ME. 
sense development is obscured 
by confusion with Lene, v. 1 "] 

Lene, adj. lean, n 459. [OE. 



hlsene.'] 
iene, v. 1 to 



Lene, v. 1 to grant, give, vin 017, 

(absolutely} villa 215; Lante, 

pa. t. v 182 ; Lent,//, iv a 21. 

[OE. l&nan.'} 
Lene, v.* to lean ; lened (with), 

inclined, V 187: lened (to), 

leant (on), V 264. [OE. hleo- 

)iian.~\ 
Leng; Lengar, -er. .S><r Long(e), 

adv. 
Lenghe, n. length, vi 56. [OE. 

lengttj] 

Lent. See Lende, Lene. f. 1 
Lenten, n. spring, xv b i ; Len- 

ten-tyde, Lent, I 242. [OE. 

lencten, lencten-lTd.'] 
Lenpe, Lennthe, Lenght, n. 

length, v 248, xvil 123, 2^7. 

[OE. /<?/.] 
Leof. See Lef. 
Lepe, v. to leap, run ; lepej hym, 

gallops, V 86 ; Lepte, pa. t. 

leapt, XII a 160. [OE. hl'eapan, 

str.] 
Lepys, . //. leaps ; wyth sttndyr 

Icpys, ? dancing separately, I 



GLOSSARY 



2^4 (but see Sender, and note). 



Lere, . face, VI 38. [OE. hleor.'] 
See Lyre. 

Lere, Leere, v. trans, to teach, 
instruct, vm a 251, xvi 55, 
12 7> 33> 39' ! intr. to learn, 
iva 17, xiv b 57, xvi 313, 321 ; 
Lerid,//. educated (t. e. clergy), 
XI a 38. [OE. txran, teach.] 

Lerne(n), v. to learn, II 39, vn 
20, &c. Imrne(n), xm 29, 
34, 36. [OE. leornian.'} 

Lernyng(e), . learning, xi b 169 ; 
instruction, in for I. of us, for 
our instruction, vn 32 ; know- 
ledge, xvi 85. [OE. Uornung, 
intr.] 

Les(e). See Lasse, Lees. 

Lose, v. 1 to lose, II 178, V 74, 
IX 130; Lose, xvn 363 ; Lore, 
//. XII a 187 ; Lome, xvi 198 ; 
Lost, vn 148, vm b 99 ; Ylore, 
II 209, 545. [OE. (be-, for.} 
leosan, pp. -loren ; cf. losian, 
be lost.] See Forlorn. 

Lose, w. 2 to glean, vm a 68. [OE. 
lesan.~\ 

Losing, w. a lie, 1 1 465; Lesyngis, 
//. XI b 39 ; lesyngis on, lies 
against, XI b 98. [OE. leasing.'] 
See Lees. 

Lesse. See Lasse. 

Lesso(u)n, M. lesson, villa 272, 
XIII b 19. [OFr. leco(u)n.'] 

Lest(e). See Lasse ; Last, conj. 

Lete, Lette (iv a 88), v. to let, 
&c.; Lat(e), iv b 41, x 30; 
Lat(e), Latte, imper. sg. vm a 
40, 262, xvi 194, &c. ; Let(e), 
ii 114, v 140, &c. ; Letej,//. 
v 319. Leet,/a. t. sg. IX 223, 
332 ; Let(e), ii 386, in 34, 
&c. ; Lette, v 189; Lete, pi. 
ii 74; Ylete,//. in 32, *\\ub 
3. (i) To let, allow, n 74, 
iv b 41, &c. ; bequcathe, ill 32, 
34; cause to (as leet make, 
caused men to make, had it 
made), ix 223, 232, xil 192 ; 
let untrusse, unloaded, XII b 52 ; 
forming periphrastic imper., 
XI v 90; lete ben, latte be, 



cease, stop, n 114, xvi 234; 
let be, left unheeded, XI I 94. 
(ii) To give up, abandon, iv a 
88, vm a 266, xiv c 6; lose, 
II 177; cease, II 279; neglect 
(to), xiv c 70. (iii) Lette as, 
behaved as if, V 189 ; lete lijte 
of, make (made) light of, give 
little thought to, vm a 161, 
xiv c 63 ; lytel ylete by, held 
in small esteem, *vill b 3. [OE. 
laetan, lelan ; forms with a 
perhaps due partly to ON. Idta, 
and partly to early shortening 
(? orig. in imper. sg.).] 

Lette, n. hindrance, obstacle, XII a 
72 ; delay, xn a 154. [From 
next.] .SteYlet. 

Lette(n), Let (of, fro), v. to 
hinder, prevent, keep (from), 
v?4. 235. xi a 41,* 3, 155, 179, 
XVII 341 (subj.}, 470; Let,//, 
xn* 10 ; Lettid, xi b 181 ; 
lette to sue (studie), prevent 
from following (studying), xi a 
41 , b 112. [OE. lettan.'} Dis- 
tinguish. Lete. 

Lettynge, -ing (to}, n. hindering 
(from), hindrance, xia 26, b 307 ; 
delay, interruption, vm a 7, xi b 
80. [OE. letting.] 

Lettres, n. pi. letters, in introd. ; 
Letturs, writings, vil 26, 59. 
[OFr. Icttn.} 

I' e J )e 3i 3 S S- f res - softens, is 
assuaged, vi 17. [OE. (ge-) 
lijriattf -leopian, distinct fiom 
tipian.] 

Leude. See Lede, . J 

Leue, . permission, villa 68; 
leave, in tok his leve, xn a 31. 
[OE. leaf, fern.] 

Leue(n), v. 1 to leave (alone, be- 
hind, off), abandon, neglect, 
cease (to), V 86, xi b 10, go, 
301, xni a 56, XVI 284, &c. ; 
Lef(f)e, iv b 66, xvi 376 ; 
Leif(f), X 156, 198; Leuep, 
imper. pi. stop, I 265. Left(e), 
pa. t. and pp. I 71, iv 74, vn 
26,xi 261, XII b 179, xvi 314, 
&c.; Leuid, Leuyt, Levit, 
VII 74, 126, X 159, xiv b 78; 



GLOSSARY 



Tleft, //. xni b 8, 41. For to 

hue Jor to, that you may cease 

to, I 2 1 ; to lefe, to be left undone, 

avoided, IV b 66. [OE. laefan.} 

See Blene. 
Leue(n), Leeue, z>. 2 to grant, in 

Crist leue, Christ grant, XIV c 

8 7>95- [QE. If/an.] SeeLeue, n. 
Leue(n), v? to believe, V 60, 353, 

vi 65, 109, vino 84; Leyf, 

Leyue, iniper., vin3 3, 24. 

[OE. (ge-yefan.] See Beleue, 

Ylefde. 
Leue, Leu-, &c. See Leef, Lef, 

Liue(n). 
Leued, adj. leafy, I 62. [From 

Leef.] 
Leuedi, . lady, mistress, II 53, 

89. 347. 455, xv c 23, &c. ; 

Ladi, XII a 50, 144, &c. ; 

Lady, gen. sg. in cure Lady day, 

I 242. [OE. hlxfdige.~] 
Levyn, n. lightning, xvn 346. 

[? OE. *lefn- <*lau(h}mni- (cf. 

Goth. lauhmnni).~] 
Levyr, n. liver ; /. and long, allit. 

elaboration of hert, XVII 390. 

[OE. lifer.-] 
Lew. See Lo. 
Lewed(e), Lewid, adj. lay, 

ignorant, uneducated, 1 1 1 introd,, 

VIII b 4, xi a 3, xn b 144; 

lerid and lewid, XI a 38. [OE. 

l& we de.~\ 
LewtS, n. loyalty, fidelity, V 298, 

313. [OFr. /()/*.] SeeLele. 
Lhord, &c. See Louerd. 
Lyand. See Ligge(n). 
Libben, v. to live, xva 10; 

Libbe, i sg. pres. XV c 5 ; Lib- 

beth, Lybbeth./m.//- villa 

20, 71. [OE. libban, libbe, 

IibbaJ>.~] See Liue(n). 
Lich(e); Lyckend. See Lyk ; 

Likne. 
Lie, v. to tell lies, vni a 227. 

[OE. le\o-)gan.-} 
Lye. See Ligge(n). 
Lif, Lyfe (obi. stem Lif-, and 

Lyu- &c.), n. life, manner of 

life, lifetime, I 199, v 44, vi 32, 

Viil a 170, xi a 57, b 40, xvn 

398, &c. ; Liffe, xvi 66 ; Liif, 



II 124, &c. ; living being, iva 
43, XII a 117, 121 ; lef lit/, 
beloved (one), n 102, *4o6. 
Lyfes, gen. sg. ix 328 ; Lyue}, 
vi 117 (see Longe, adv.}, 218; 
Liue, Lyue, dot. sg. \\ 583 
(being still alive), in 16, xn a 
168 ; bi my lyue, during my life, 
Viil a 95 ; yn ]>ys lyue, in this 
world, I 170; vpon fyue, alive 
(lede vpon I. = man), V 27. 
[OE. lif.~\ See Liue(n). 

Lyf-holynesse, . holiness of life, 
vm b 84. [OE. lif+Miignes.] 

Lyflich, adj. active, xivt 93. 
[OE. Itf-lic.'] 

Liflode, Lyflode, n. (means of) 
living, sustenance, food, vnia 
17, 230,267, 284,3 43, 47, xn b 
25. [OE. ttf-lad.-} 

Lift, Lyfte, Left, adj. left (hand, 
&c.), v 78, ix 69, xin b 39, &c. 
[OE. fyft.-] 

Lift, n. sky, x 100. [OE. lyft.'} 
See Loft(e). 

Lyfte, v. to raise, iva 15, V 241 ; 
Lyft(e), /A iva 9, vi 207 (see 
Lyj>er). [ON. /,//.] 

Lyf-tyme, n. lifetime, vni a 27. 
[OE. Rf+tttHa.'] 

Ligge(n), Lygge, Lig, v. to lie 
(down, idle, &c.), be (lodged, 
situated, &c.), II 74, Vlll 16, 
XIII a 53 (snbj.), xvn 409 ; 
Lye, vn 172,1x19; List(OE. 
list), 2 sg. pres. XV/2 ; LyeJ>, 
3 sg. is to the point, is admissible, 
VIII b 93 ; Liggeth, lies idle, 
villa 156; Ligis, xvn 84; 
Lys, exists, VI 242 ; Li)) (OE. 
. lip-), ii 243, xii a 95; Ligge{>, 
pi. II 441. Vina 15; Lyse, 
iv a 61. Lay, pa. t. sg. I 181, 
n 133, ix 286, &c. ; //. II 394, 
399, X i (were encamped), &c.; 
Lay;, subj. xi a 52. Lyand, 
pres. p. X 55 ; Ligand,xiv3 71 ; 
Liggeand, II 388 (see note) ; 
Lyggyng % i 139. Liggenoute, 
be abroad, out of doors, VIII b 
1 6. [OE. licgan ; the^) forms 
in i, xiv b, xvn prob. represent 
dial. Kg from ON. Kggja.'] 



GLOSSARY 



Lightnes, n. 1 splendour, xvn 16. 


love that is painful), xv & 24; 


[OE. SAt-nes.] 


quasi-pers. (with it) V 267, IX 


Lightnes, Li^tnesse, w. 2 light- 


284; pers. to like, xvn 361. 


ness; gladness, VI I 15; ease, 


(jOE. lician.} 


nnburdensomeness, XI b 151. 


Likeing, Likyng, Lykyng(e), 


[OE. Itht a + 'ties.] 


n. delight, pleasure, iv a 30, vn 


Lyjt, Light, Lyht, . light, vn 


20, 75, xi b 158, xvn 75, &c. ; 


I35,*l 291, xv 25,&c. [OE. 
l*e(o)ht.\ 


for likyng to here, to be heard 
with delight, to give pleasure 


Lijt, v. 1 to ahine, n 371. [OE. 


in the hearing, vn 71 ; of ' gode 


JfAtan. 1 ] 


likeing, well-pleasing, II 599. 


Ly5t, Lijte, Light, . 2 toz.r. to 


[OE. licung.~] 


lighten, relieve, IV a 70 ; intr. 


Likne, Lykne, Lyken, v. to 


to alight, v 1 08; come down, 


make like, xillb 23; to com- 


v 152; Lyht (on), pp. lit (on), 
settled (on), XV c 12. [OE. 


pare, iv a 6, vi 140, xiv * 74; 
Lyckend,//. (to be) compared, 


llhtan *] 


iv a 33. [From Lyk, adj.} 


Ly;te, Lijt, Lyhte, adj.* light, 


Liknes(se), n. likeness, appear- 


bright, II 369, vi 140, xv b 14. 
[OE. le(o) ht, ff(o)At, adj. 1 ] 


ance, xn a 9, 133, 172, XVII 28. 
[OE. ffc-nes.] 


Lijte, Lyght, Liht, adj.* light, 


Lilie, n. lily, xv^ 17 ; Lilie-flour, 


slight, easy, I introd., iv a 49 ; 


lily, xv e 19. [OE. lilie; see 


lete lijte (likt) of, make (made) 


Flour.] 


light of, give little thought to, 


Lym(e), n. limb, member, vi 102, 


Vlllai6i,xiv<:63; Lyjttere, 


Xiv c 93 ; Lemes, pi. ix 80 ; 


compar. easier, xib 238. [OE. 


Limes, Lymes, n 171, vnia 


lc\o)lit t ft^At, adj. 2 ] 
Lijtly, Lightly, Lyghtly, adv. 


1 1 8, b 8; Lymmej, vi 104. 
[OE. lint ; pi. leomu, limu.} 


lightly, easily, iv b 5, v 241, ix 


Lymbo, Lymbus, n. limbo ; the 


14,118. [OE. liht-lTce.} 


'border' (of hell) where the 


Lyatnyng, n. lightning, I 166. 


souls of the just who died before 


[From ME. lijlne(n), extended 


Christ awaited His coming, xvi 


from Lijt, v. 1 ] 


102,198. [L.linibus(patrum~); 


Liif. See Lif. 


in limbo.~\ 


Lik, v. to sup, taste ; lik on, have 


Lyrap(e), v. ! to limp ; lympit of 


a taste of, XVII 378 ; cf. Drynk. 


the sothe, ! stumbled from, fell 


[OE. lice fan.] 


. short of, the truth, vn 36. [Cf. 


Lyk(e), Like, Lich(e), adj. and 


OE. lemp-healt, limping ; MHG. 


adv. usually foil, by (un}to, like, 


limphin, to limp. Not recorded 


iv a 16, vi 72, 141, ix 35, 98, 


otherwise in E. until much later.] 


Xiifl57,xvii>;o6. [OE.(ge-yic; 


Lynage, n. kindred, vm 26; 


( e -)tt ce t adv.] See Ilyche. 


tribe, IX 163. [OFr. li(g)nagc.~\ 


Like, Lyke, v. to plea.se, II 351, 


Lynde, . lime-tree; (allit.) tree, 


449, 529, vi 206, vin b 42, xi b 


v 108. [OE. &*(<).] 


142 ; impers. with dot. (as vs 


Lyne, . sounding-line, XVII 461. 


liketh, it pleases us, we please), 


[OE. line ; OFr. ligne^ 


V 66, 178, Vina 150, 286, ix 


Lynt, n. lint, refuse of flax used 


177, xn a 115, xvi 321 (oipers. 


as an inflammable stuff, x 20. 


pL 'like', as below), &c. ; jif 


[ME. lin(e)t, obscurely rel. to 


)ou lyke, if it pleases you, ix 74 


OE. Rn (OFr. //), flax.] 


(cf. jif it lyke jou, 284) ; for 
hue fat likes ille, that are 


Lyoun, n. lion, n 538, IX 247, 
249. [OFr. lioitn.} 


wretched bee. of love (or bee. of 


Lippe, Lyppe, n. lip, v 238, 



GLOSSARY 



VIII a 359, xi b 84, XII a 181, 
&c. [OE. lippa.} 
Lyre, w. 1 face, xvi 119. [ON. 

hlyr.} See Lere. 
Lyre, . 2 flesh, calves, v 160. 

[OE. lira.'} 

Iiys(e), List. See Ligge(n). 
List(e), Lyst(e), v. impers. to 
desire, wish (as me list, I desire), 
iv a 77, v 65, 74, xvi 68, 277 ; 
piob.pers. at ix 302, xvi 313 ; 
pat hym list after, what he has 
a desire for, vn 20; List, fa. t. 
VII 166. [OE. lystan.} 
Lyste, n. joy, vi 107. [Altera- 
tion of Lust, under infl. of prec. ; 
or ON. lyst.} 

Lystens, imper. pi. listen, XIV b 
57. [OE. *htysnan (ONth. 
lysna) infl. by hlystan.~\ 
Lite, adv. little ; hot gode lite, of 
but little worth, II 258. [OE. 
lyt.} 

Lyte, n. waiting ; on lyte, in delay, 
V 235. [From ME. liten, to 
expect, await, tarry; ON. hlita, 
to trust.] 

Litel, -ill, Lytill.Littel, Lyttel, 
Lutel (xv c), &c., adj. little, 
small, slight, unimportant, iv b 
45, vi 214 (or adv. ' little time 
there'), 244, IX 14, 21, 141, XV a 
6, c 3, &c. ; quasi-sb. in a lityl(l), 
&c., a little, v 298, ix 62 ; ? a 
small piece, XV h \ 7 ; somewhat 
(adv.), v 199, ix 103, no; a 
little -way (adv.), V 78, 103, XVII 
507 ; for litill, for little cause, 
xvn 187 ; Htelor noujt, little or 
nothing, xi 188 (adv.), 258; 
wyth lyttel, with little result (or 
?soon), VI 215; Litel, Litle, 
Lyttill, adv. little, IV b 24, 
vn 36, vili* 3, XI b 253, &c. 
[OE. lylel, adj.] See Lite. 
Lib, Lyth, n. limb, vi 38, xiv c 

93. [OE./#.] 
Li]>, Lith. See Ligge(n). 
Lyper, Leder, adj. bad ; sluggish, 
xva 289; as sb., in to lyper is 
lyfte, ? is turned towards evil, 
VI 207. [OE. lyj>re.~] 
Liue(n), Lyue(n), v. to live, II 



168, vi 117, vma 70, &c. ; 
Lif(fe), Lyf(e), ivo 17, 73, xvi 
68, 70, xvn 4, 58, 145, &c. ; 
Leue, xvi 243, 322, 353, &c. ; 
Lyfed, 2 sg.pa. t. vi 1 23 ; pres.p. 
living, (while) alive, iv b 31, 
xn a 171, xvi 55, xvn 47, 48, 
73, &c. ; lyuc men, let men live, 
xi a 46 ; linen bi, &c., live on, 
II 257, VIII b 26 (but lyue on, 
VIII b 46, (fee.) ; lyue (leue) with, 
live by, vin b 44, xvi 160. 
[OE. lijian, leofian.} See Lib- 
ben, Lif. 

Lo, Loo, interj. lo ! II 381, 556, 
xvn 239; look, see, n 505, 507; 
Lew, xvn 507 ; we loo, ahs ! 
V 140 (see We, interj.}. [OE. 
Id ; ME. vowel and usage show 
infl. of Loken.] 

Lode, n. load? xii b 26. [OE. 
lad.} 

Lodesman, n. leader, I 39. [Cf. 
OE. ldd-mann.~\ 

Lofers, n, pi. lovers, IV a 50. 
[From Louye.] 

Lofte, . air, in on lofte, aloft, 
v 193. [ON. loft, a loft.} See 
Alofte, Lyft. 

Logede, pa. t. dwelt, VII 62. 
[OFr. logier.'} 

Lo}e, Lob, See Louj. 

Lofce, //. locked, i 101. [OE. 
Ifuan, pp. locen.} See Vnlok- 
ynne. 

Loke(n), Look, v. to look, i 124, 
xvn 129, &c. ; Lokyt, pa. t. 
vn 36 ; Yloked, pp. in 58. 
Intr. (i) to look, gaze, I 124, 
II ni, in 34, v 78, &c. ; have 
an expression, vin a 315 ; ap- 
pear, vin a 170; loken (apf)on, 
look at, vma 179, xib 175; 
read, VI I 75 ; on lusti to loke, 
pleasant to read, vn 15 ; lake 
agaynste, gaze (straight) at, XVI 
92 ; loke to, look at, V 265 ; (ii) 
to make investigations, VII 36 ; 
(iii) to see to it, take care ; foil, 
by pat and subj., n 165, xvi 
152, 211 ; without conj., iva 
19, 46, vin a 39, xiv d 7, xvn 
129. Trans, to watch over, in 



GLOSSARY 



God fe mot loke, may God have 
you in his keeping, v 171 ; ad- 
judicate, III 58 ; ordain, decree, 
VIII a 31 3. Lake what, consider 
what (i.e. whatever, interrog.*), 
VI 103 (cf. OE. loc(a) hwxt, 
indef.). [OE. locian.} 

Lokyng, n. examination, VII 26. 
[From prec.] 

Lokke}, n. //. locks (of hair), v 
160. [OE. locc.'] 

Lollare,-ere, n. idler, vagabond, 
VIII b 2, 4 ; Lollareue, gen. pi. 
VIII* 31. [From ME. fallen, 
to lounge ; see Piers PI. 0x215.] 

Lomb(e), Lamb, n. lamb, IX 
143 ; used of Our Lord, vi 47, 
53. [OE. 16mb, Idmb.'] 

Lome, . tool, weapon, V 241, 
vin b 47. [OE. lotna.] 

Lond(e), Land(e), n. land, 
country, soil, I 25, n 208, 355, 
vil 163, Vina 267, ix 179, 

XIV b 63, &c. ; in land(e) t on 
earth, xvi 68, 314, xvn 145; 
burgh land and lede, I 227 (see 
Lede, *.). [OE. I6nd, land.-] 

Long, n. lung (see Levyr), xvn 
399. [OE. hingen.-] 

Lougage. See Langage. 

Long(e), adj. long, II 506, IX 1 52, 
155, &c. ; longe clothes, clerical 
garb, Vin b 42 ; tall, vin b 24 ; 
lasting long, I 203, vin a 7 ; py 
long home, your eternal home 
(after death), I 207 (OE. long 
ham) ; for long jore , a long while, 
VI 226 ; pe long day, the I. night 
ouer, al pe woke I., all day (&c.) 
long, VI 237, Vil 166, xill a 28 
(cf. next) ; tedious, IX 267. [OE. 
Idng, ting.-} 

Long(e), Lang, adv. a long while, 
335, v 3 3 2 > VIIIa J 9, b 8 4> 

XV 19, XVII 244, &c. ; after 
an advb, gen,, in hys lyuej longe, 

fise dayej longe, all his life (this 
day) long, VI 1 1 7, I73((/". prec.); 
Leng, compar. longer, II 84 ; 
Lenger(e), Lengar, I 79, II 330, 
V 235, xi* 130, xn b 146, xvi 
68, 193 ; euer pe lengerpe lasse 
fe more, the further (you pursue 



the argument) the less (work) 

the more (pay), VI 240 ; Longer, 

XVII 531. [OE. longe, Idnge; 

compar. ling (adv.), lengra 

(adj.).] 
Long(e), v. 1 to long, vn 113; 

Langand, /w./. in langandes, 

longs, iv a 91. [OE. longian, 

ldngian,~\ 
Long(e), v.* ; longe to (into), to 

belong (to), befit, v 313, xivt 

2 5> 53 5 Longande, pres. p. 

that belongs, VI 102. [From 

ME. (t)long, adj. ; OE. ge-ldng 

(on), dependent (on).] See 

Bylongeth. 
Longinge, -yng, n. longing, vn 

119, xv c 24; Langyng (til), 

longing (for), iva 93. [OE. 

langtmg, Idngung.'] See Lcue- 

longinge. 
Loiigith, 3 sg. pres. lengthens, 

? beats out long, XV h 1 7. [From 

Long, adj.~\ 
Lording, -yng, n. man of high 

rank, n 26, 520 ; sir (as a polite 

address, esp. of minstrel to his 

audience), n 23, 204. [OE. 

hlafording.~\ See Louercl. 
Lordischipes, -is, ti.pl. lordships, 

estates, XI b 97, 141. [OE. 

hlaford-scipe.'] 
Lore, n. (method of) teaching, 

XI a 39, xili b 28. [OE. ldr.~] 
Lore, Lome, //. of Lese, v. 1 
Lorel(l)is,.//. good-for-nothings, 

wastrels, xi 140, 161, 173. 

[Prob. from prec.] See Loseles. 
Los, n. fame, xiv c in. [OFr. 

/OS.'] 

Loseles, n. pi. wastrels, vni a 

1 1 6. [Prob. from ME. lose(n), 

variant of lore(n~) pp. of Lese, 

z;. 1 ] See Lorel(l)is. 
Losengerye, n. lying flattery (of 

a parasite), vin a 137. [OFr. 

losengerie.] 

Lossom, Lossum. See Louesum. 
Lost, n. loss, vni b 101. [Rel. to 

Lese, v. 1 ; cf. OE., ME. /.] 
Lote, n. noise, V 143. [ON. Idt 

(pi.), behaviour, noise ; cf. Bere, 

K. 1 ] 



GLOSSARY 



Tio\>, Lothe, adj. hateful, I 9 ; 
loath, unwilling, xiv c 6. [OE. 
la},, adj.] 

Lope, . grief, vi 1 7. [OE. lab, 
n.] 

Lopli, Loplich, o#. horrible, 
n 78 ; unpleasing, II 461. [OE. 
ld}-lic.'] 

Loud(e), adj. loud, n 511, XII a 
138 ; loud or still, under all cir- 
cumstances, XIV b 54. [OE. 
Mud.} 

Loue, n. love, II *I2, 55, &c. ; 
Louue, xv a 2 1 ; Luf(e), I in- 
trod., iv a i, 5, xvii 82; with 
object, gen. (as mi lordes hue, 
love for my master), 11 518 
(note), villa 19, 214 ;// loue, 
love of thee, vm 027; for lone 
oray, in any event, II 571. [OE. 
//.] See Louye. 

Louely, adj. gracious, beautiful, 
pleasant, vni o 10, 272, xvi 119. 
[OE. luf(e}lic.-\ See Luflyly. 

Lou(u)e- longinge, n. unsatisfied 
love, xv a 9, c 5. [OE. lufu + 
longung.] See Longinge. 

Louerd, n. lord, (the) Lord, 
master, husband, xv g I, n, 
&c. ; Lhord, ill introd., 1 1 , 29, 
46; Lord(e), n 120, 518, villa 
19, 272, xn a 157, &c.; Lor- 
dene, gen. pi. vni 77. [OE. 
hlaford.-] 

Loues, . //. loaves, VIII a 278. 
[OE. hlaf.] See Pese-lof. 

Louesum, -som, adj. beautiful, 
lovely, II in, 460; Lossom, 
-sum, xv b 17,^15; Lufsoum, 
as sb., lovely one, vi 38. [OE. 



Lou}, pa. t. sg. laughed, II 314 ; 
Lo}e, V 321 ; Loh (on} , smiled 
(upon), xv c 15. \QE..hl&hhan, 
pa. t. hloh.~\ 

Louy(e), Louie, v. to love, like, 
v 27, 31, vni a 202 ; Loue(n), 
II 34, IX 100, 101, XII a 5, &c. ; 
Luf(e), Luffe, iv a 4, b 7, v 
300, xvi 403, xvn 47, &c. ; 
Yloued, pp. II 123. [OE. 
lufan.~\ 

Louyly, adj. ? lawful, vi 205 



(note). [OE. lah-lic.'] See 
Lawe, n. 1 

Louyng, Lufyng, tt. 1 love ; be- 
loved (one), iv a 5 (note), 56. 
[From Louye.] Distinguish 
next. 

Louyng, . 2 praise, iv a 24, xvi 
405. [OE. lofung.'} Distinguish 
prec. 

Loupe, n. any jewel of imperfect 
brilliance (fsp. sapphire, with 
which it is often joined), IX 116. 
[OFr. loupe.'] 

Lowable, adj. praiseworthy, VIII b 
109. [OFr. louable.'] 

Low(e), Law, adj. low, vil 102, 
X 137, XVII 21 ; near the bottom, 
vi 187 ; lowly, vni a 223, &c. ; 
heije and lou>e, all men, xiv c 
TOO ; adv. low, v 168, xil b 11, 
&c. ; thus low, here below, in so 
lowly a place, xvn 173. [ON. 
lag-r.~\ 

Low(e), . flame, vn 136, 152, 
159. [ON. logi.~\ 

Lowe, v. to praise ; to /owe, 
praiseworthy, II 12 (MS. Harl.); 
cf. Sir Gaw. 1399, an< i (f r 
idiom) Wale. [OFr. loner.'} See 
Allowe. 

Lowsyd. See Lawse. 

Lowte, v. to bow ; trans, (but see 
pat, rel.) bow before, reverence, 
xvz' 4; Lutte,/a. /. sg. bowed, 
V 187 ; refl. v 168. [OE. lutan, 
str.] 

Lud, n., in on hyre lud, Tin her 
own language, xv c 4. [? OE. 
leaden, lyden, language.] 

Lufe, n. palm of the hand, XVII 
462. [ON. /#.] 

Luf(f)-. See Loue- ; Louy(e) ; 
Louyng, . 1 

Luflyly, adv. courteously, v 321 ; 
in seemly manner, v 108. [From 
Louely.] 

Lunatyk, adj. suffering from re- 
current fits of insanity (thought 
to depend on the changes of the 
moon), ix 93. [L. lunaft'cus.] 

Lurdans, n. pi. rascals, XVI 102. 
[OFr. lourdein, lazy fellow.] 

Lurnede, Lurnep. See Lerne 



GLOSSARY 



Lust, . pleasure, desire, iva 16, 

59 ; lust, iv b 17, ix 277. [OE. 

/5/.] SeeL-yste. 
Lustful, adj. pleasure-loving, XI b 

256. [OE. lust-ful.'] 
Lusti, adj. pleasant, vil 1 5. [From 

Lust.] 
Lutel ; Lutte. See Litel ; Lowte. 

Ma. See Make(n), Fai. 

Maad(e), Mad(e), &c. See 
Make(n). 

Madde, adj. mad, xvi 247. [OE. 
(ge-}miedd, pp.] 

Madde, . to act madly, v 346. 
[From prec.] 

Mageste". n. majesty, vn i. [OFr. 
majeste.] 

Magre". See Maugre", prep. 

Ma;tyly , adv. powerfully, forcibly, 
v 194, 222. \Q?Lmmktig-Ita.] 
See Myst(e). 

Mai, v.i St. zpres. (ind. and subj.}, 
am able to, can, may, may well, 
have reason to, &c., iv a 31, 
XII a 66, xiv c i, &c. ; May(e), 
iv a 6, 36, &c. ; May(e), 2 sg. 
iv a 20, xvi 173, &c. ; Meist 
( = meiht ; see Appendix, p. 
278), xv g 6; Mi 3 t, Myjtfe), 
II 452, vill a 217, b 35. Mai, 
May,//, iv a 61, ix 213, &c. ; 
Moun, vi 176 ; Mowe, I 115, 
VIII a 40, IX 164, &c. Micht, 
Mycht, pa. t. (ind. and subj.\ 
was able to, could, might, &c., 
X 17,139, &c.,Mi3t(e),My;t(e), 
I 16, n 221, Vina 133, xia 44, 
b 283, &c. ; Myjtte, xi b 30, 
103 ; Myght(e), I 184, ix 276, 
&c.; Mihte, Myhte, xna 16, 
75, XIV c 36, &c. ; Mo3t(e), vi 
67, 115, 119, Moghte, \\ b 31. 
[OE. mxg (ineaht, miht, 2 sg.) ; 
late pi. mugon, subj. muge\ pa. t. 
tnihte (late muhte).'} 

-Mai, May, n. 1 maiden, vi 75,xva 
6, 16, c 28, Introduction xii. 

g)N. mx-r, gen. meyj-ar; cf. 
E. mxg, woman (in verse).] 
May, . z May, II 57, iv a 57 ; 
May dew, dew gathered in May 
^thought to have special pro- 



perties), IX 63. [OFr. mai.J See. 

Dea\v. 

Maid(e). ^Make(n). 
Mayde(n), Maiden, . maiden., 

virgin, I 41, 11 64, vm 0/323,, 

xv i 7, &c. [OE. ma>gden:\ 
Mayll, Male, adj. male, ix 58,, 

xvn 152. [OFr. ma{s}ls:~] 
Mayn, n. might, xvil 310. [OE.. 



Mais; Maister. See Makefu.) ;; 
Mister. 

Maysterful, adj. arrogant, VI 43,. 
[From next.] 

Maistre (-er, -ur), Mayster, .. 
lord, Lord, 11413, vi 102, viii,. 
xiu a 3; master, v 22, vina' 
4'> 3 36, 314, XV A 17; mayster- 
ofgi-amere, a title, xiu b 37 (see- 
note). [OFr. maistre; OE.. 
nise-gester,] 

Maistrie, Maystrie, . mastery, 
VIII a 323 ; for the maystrie 
(OFr. pour la maistrie), to the 
utmost possible degree, ix 233 ; 
pi. (partly due to OFr. maistrise, 
sg.) in make maistries, do a 
wonderful, mighty (here master- 
ful, high handed) deed, xvi 116, 
202, 2 1 6, 2 1 7. [OFr. maistrie.\ 

Make, . mate, xv3 20, c 18, 31,, 
xvn 139. [OE. (gi)iHaco.] 

Make^n), Mak, v. to make, do ; 
(with or without to) cause, com- 
pel; villa 205, 280, IX 120, 206, 
xiv b 87, &c. ; Ma, x 14, 167? 
Mass, 3 sg. iv a 15 ; Mat;, vt 
350 ; Mais,//. X 72 ; Man, VI 
is2; Mase, xiv 34, xvi 116; 
' Makes, Maketh, ittipet. pL 
vin a 14, xvi 383. Mad,. 
Made(n), pa. 1. 1 39, n 20, vi 
179, &c. ; Maid(e), x 5, xvn 
3 (2 sg.) t 28, &c. ; Maked, u 
329, 498, &c. Maadfe), //. 
XI b 101, 196, &c.; Mad, vi 
126, vin b 74, &c. ; Maid(e), 
X 3, xvn 73, &c. ; Ymad, in 
introd.\ Ymaked, villa 180. 
Mad snmoun, caused (men) to 
summon (them), vi 179; makes 
ioie, rejoice, xvi 383 : it maketh, 
brings it about (that), villa 199; 



GLOSSARY 



ich made of, I summed up (as 
Mn. E. idiom), vm b 5; see 
also Dere, Qvvart, Ylet, &c. 
[OE. macian ; with the reduced 
forms cf. Taken.] 

Makele?, adj. matchless, VI 75. 
[OE. ge-maca + leas.'] 

Maker, . maker, causer, I 204 ; 
Creator, VII i, XVI a, XVII I. 
[From Maken.] 

Makyng(J), . building, work, I 
183; making, XI b 230. [OE. 
macung.~\ 

Malais, . hardship, II 240. [OFr. 
malaise.'] See Ese. 

Malice, Mails, n. evil purpose, 
ill-will, vn 177, ix 119, xvi 
302. [OFr. malice.'] 

Malt, pa. t. sg. melted, v 1 2. [OE. 
meltan, pa. t. malt.] 

Man. See Make(n). 

Man(e), Manne, ;/. man, man- 
kind, (any) body, one, i 102,1127, 
ivai2,62,xvii236,&c ; Mon, 
V32, 170, 271 (note), vi 160, 
&c. Gen. sg. (often generic,equiv. 
to 'human', &c.), Manes(se), 
II 552, xvi 16; Mamies, -is, 
-ys, -us, in 54, vm a 234 
(note), XI b 113, 114, XII b 
139, xvi 246, &c. ; Mans, in 
mans wonder, monster, XVII 
408. Manne, dat. sg. in 19. 
Men(e), //. i 32, iv b 9, &c. ; 
Men(ne), Mene, <?.//. men's, 
people's, &c., iv b 69 (footnote), 
VIII b 29, XIII b 20; Mennes, 
-ys, -us, I 82, vm a 96, XI b 
119, 192; Mens, iv b 50, *6g 
(footnote). [OE. man(tt}, 
mon(n}.'] See Men, Noman. 

Manaced, pa. t. threatened, vm a 
163; Mansed, v 277. [OFr. 
manecier, manasser; cf. Comsed, 
for the reduction.] 

Manans, n. threat, X 72. [OFr. 
nianafe,vt\th confusion of suffix.] 

Mandep, 3 sg. fres. sends forth, 
XV b 16, 25. [OFr. mander.'] 

Maner(e), Many ere (in), n. (a) 
manner, way, I 80, x 103, XI a 
n, xni b 30 (without foil, of}, 
&c. ; in his manere, after his 



fashion, vnia 104; custom, n 
431, XHl 17, 26; kind, sort, 
IX 102, 139, &c. ; any (ich) 
matter, any (every) kind of, II 
364, vm a 213 ; with sg. form 
after al(le), meny, and numerals 
(usually without of], II 302, III 
introd., VIII a 20, xm a 37, b i, 
9, &c. ; denyse, tell, the maner 
(of), describe, IX 264, 268; 
Manere}, //. courtesy, * vi 22 
(MS.marerej). [OFr. man(i)ere.'] 

Manes(se). See Man(e). 

Manfully, adv. manfully, X 117. 
[From OE. maun + -full.'] 

Manhode, n. virility, ix 80. [OE. 
mann + had."] 

Mani(e), Many(e), adj. many, 
i 133, n 294, in 41, vni'a loo, 
&c. ; Meny(e), vin^36, xnia 
6, &c. ; Moni, Mony, v 201, 
vi 212, &c. ; mani (tnoni) a, 
&c., many a, II 432, XIV c 68, 
92, &c. ; (without a), i 157 
(note), n 520, xvn 355, 436 ; 
many . . .fold(e\ see Fold(e). 
[OE. manig, mettig, tnonig'.~\ 

Manyere. See Maner(e). 

Many fold, adj. many times multi- 
plied, great, XII b 154. [OE. 
manig-fdld.'] See Fold. 

Mankyu, . mankind, xvi I 71. 
[OE. man-cyn(n).~\ 

Maukunde, Mankyu de, . man- 
kind, xni a 2, xvi 15. [OE. 
mann + cynd; cf. prec.] 

Mannus, &c. ; Mansed. See 
Man(e); Manaced. 

Mappa Mundi, n. map, or de- 
scriptive geography, of the world, 
IX 301. [Latin; also appears 
in ME. in Fr. form mappe- 
monnde.~] 

Mar, Marre, v. to hinder, stop, 
xvi 1 16, XVII 129 (su/>j.') ; mar re 
..to, prevent from, xvi 173 ; to 
destroy, v 194, xvi 208. [OE. 
merran, hinder, spoil.] 

Marchant, n. merchant, XII b 166. 
[OFr. marchand.] 

Marohaundise, n. commercial 
dealings, XI b 290. [OFr. mar- 
c/iandise.~\ 



GLOSSARY 



Marches, .//. (frontiers), regions, 

IX 273. [OFr. marche.~\ 
Marche, v. ; marcheth (to, upon), 

borders on, IX 193, XII a 61. 

[OFr. marchir, from prec.] 
Mare. See Mor(e). 
Maryage, . marriage ; to Hys m., 

as His spouse, vi 54. [OFr. 

mariagt.'] 
Mark, n. a mark (about f of a 

pound, 13*. 4^.), xi b 162. [OE. 

marc, a borrowed word of dis- 

puted origin.] 
Marked, . market-place, vi 153. 

[Late OE. marcet, from ONFr. 

market^ 
Martyrdome, n. martyrdom, I 34. 

[OE. martyr-dom.} 
Mase. See Make(n). 
Mased, adj. bewildered, xvi 247. 

[Cf. OE. a-masod.'] 
Masse, n. 1 Mass, villa 88, Xi3 

131, &c.; Messe, I 8, 69, vi 

i 37, &c. [OE. m&sse, tiiesse ; 

OFr. messe.) 
Masse, n? conglomerate mass, IX 

44, 46. [OFr. triasse."] 
Masse-prast, n. (secular) priest, 

v 40. [OE. musse-preost.'] 
Mast. See More, Mor(e). 
Mast, n. mast, X 123, xivr 49, 

&c. [OE. nix st.] 
Mate, adj. dejected, vi 26. [OFr. 

iat, orig. ' mated ' in chess.] 
Mater (e), Matiere, n. matter, 

subject, vil 35, 98, ix 1 1 1, xn a 

45, XIV c 14. [OFr. mat(i}ere^\ 



Matyn(n>s, -ys, n. pi. matins 
(first of the canonical ' hours ', 
properly recited at midnight or 
before daybreak), v 120, xi b 

131, 189, &c. ; applied to all 
the morning office preceding 
public Mass, I 6S, t xi b 208 ; 
matyncs of 0^^re Lady, matins 
proper to Our Lady (made a 
part of daily morning office), XI b 

132. [OFr. matines."} 
Maugre", n. displeasure, ill-will, 

VIII a 2 36. [OFr. fnaugrl] 
Maugre" (-ee), Mawgree,/r<r/. in 
spite of, villa 69, ix 197, 314; 



Magre*, X 197 ; m. Medes (}t) 
chekes, in spite of Meed (you), 
villa 41, 151 (an extension of 
ME. maugre fin, his, &c. where 
fill) &c., are orig. ?.). [OFr. 
niaiigrf.'] 

Maulardes, n. pi. mallards, wild- 
duck, n 310. [OFr. mallart.} 

Maundementis, n. pi. command- 
ments, xi b 184. [OFr. mande- 
ment.~] 

Maunged, pp. eaten, VIII a 255. 
[OFr. mangier] 

Mawe, n. belly, via a 167, 306 
(//. or distrib. sg. ; see Herte). 
[OE. maga.'] 

Me. See Men ; and Ich, pron. 

Measse, n. mess, portion (of food), 
xvn 389. [OFr. mes.] 

Meoull. See Mekill, adj. 

Mede, . reward ; Laidy Meed 
(personif. of bribery, &c.), vin a 
41 ; to mede, in payment, as 
reward, iva 64, xiv b 2, xvn 
122 ; qwite hym his m.,pay him 
out, XVII 216. [OE. med.] 

Medeful, adj. profitable, XI b 247. 
[From prec.j 

Meiycyne, n. cure, I 244. [OFr. 
medicine.] 

Medill-erd. See Myddel-erde. 

Medyn, ! n. pi. meadows, xv i 14 
(such a pi. form is remarkable in 
this text, if genuine). [OE. 
m&d, med.~\ 

Meditacioun (of), n. meditation 
(upon), xi b 295. [OFr. medi- 
tacionJ] 

Meete, n, measure (ment), xm a 
47. [OE. ge-ntet.} ^Meteth. 

Meyny, . household, body (of 
servants, &c.), retinue, company, 
vi 182; Meneye, xvn 290; 
Menjhe, X 39 ; Menye, vn 37, 
xvn 22. [OFr. mai(s]nee.'] 

Meyntene(n), Mayntene, v. to 
maintain, defend, support, keep 
up, vni a 37, xi b 43, 55, 166, 
XIV c 76; subj., xiv c 100 ; 
Meyntenynge, n. upholding, 
XI b 170. [OFr. niaintenir.~] 

Meist. See Mai, v. 

Meke, adj. meek, humble, sub- 



GLOSSARY 



missive, IV a 74, vi 44, vma 


better (free from fault), XVI 359 ; 


199, xi b 58, xvi i. [ON. 


increase (joy), xvi 79 ; mend 


tnjuk-r, earlier *meuk-.~\ 


jow of joure misdede, reform 


Mekenesse, . meekness, gentle- 


your evil ways, xiv b 7 ; Mend- 


ness, vi 46, vin a 41 (personi- 
fied), XI b 1 1 8, 122. [From 
prec.] 
Mekill, adj. great, X 1 16, Xiv3 


yng, n. improvement, vi 92. 
[Shortened from Amend.] 
Mendinauns, .//. beggars, VI II b 
80. [OFr. mendinant.] 


84, xvi 129, xvn 109, &c ; 


Men(e). See Man^e). 


Mecull, vn 10. [OE. micel.] 


Mene, adj. common, thin (ale), 


See Miche, Mochel, More. 


vni a 1 76. [OE. (ge-} </.] 


Mekill, adv. greatly, much, IV b 


Mene(n), v. 1 to mean ; signify, 


23. [OE. micel, micle.'] See 


I introd., VIII b 38, XVI 46 ; 


Moche, Mor(e), Mo. 


declare (as one's intention), xvi 


Mekis, 2 sg.pres. in mekis fitseffi, 


174; to intend, *xvi 301 (MS. 


humblest thyself, xvi 350. 


monys) ; to imagine, suppose 


[From Meke, t.dj.~\ 


xi b 74 (or imply) ; impers. in 


Mele, v. to speak, say, v 227, 


me meiiys, I call to mind, xvi 


268, 305, vi 137, 229, '( *xv b 20 
(MS. miles). [OE. >/.] 


231 ; Menede, pa. t. VIII b 38 ; 
Mente, pa. 1. 1 introd. ; pp. xvi 


Melke, Milke, w. milk, II 146, 


174; Ymende, //. noted, in 


vni a 1 76. [OE. me(o}lc, mile.] 


introd. [OE. msenan.'] 


Mell, v. 1 to announce, declare ; 


Mene, v? to complain, xv b 22 ; 


? grant, XVII 44 (or from next, 


refi. in mined //em, made their 


in vague use extended from that 


complaint, Vina 2. [OK. 


seen in xvi). [OE. mcWan.'] 


mittau, v. 2 ; prob. distinct from 


Cf. Mele. 


prec., and rel. to Mon(e), $.v*~\ 


Melle, z/. 2 to mix, mingle, XVI 


Meneye. See Meyny. 


302 ; Mellit,//. X 22 ; Ymel- 


Men gen, v. to remember, vin a 


ied, xill b 3 ; Mellyng, n. 


89. [OE. myn(d)ian.'] 


mingling, xill b 12. [OFr. 


Men^he. See Meyny. 


mesler, meller.] 


Meny(e). See Mani, Meyny. 


Melody, n. melody, (sweet) music, 


Menyng, . mention, xvi 103. 


n 46, 278, 442, 523, 590, iv a 
67. [OFr. melodie.'] 


[From Mene, .'] 
Menne(s), -ys, -us. See Man(e). 


Membre, . limb, member, v 224, 


Menskes, . //. honours, v 342. 


vin b 34; fig. vi 98. [OFr. 


[ON. mennska, humanity, kind- 


mevibre.~\ 


ness, ? hence in ME. grace, 


Memoire, Memorye, . memory, 


courtesy, honour ; cf. senses of 


XII b 22 1 ; commemoration (of 


OE. dr.-] 


the faithful departed), Vina 89. 


Menstraei, . minstrelsy, muaic, 


[OFr. me moire, mentorie.~\ 


II 302, 420, 589. [OFr. meiie- 


Men, i infers, subject sg. one, IX 


stralsie.] 


69 ; also freq. (esp. in men may} 


Menstrel, n. minstrel, II 430, 


in syntactically doubtful cases 


449> 53 2 ! Minstrel, n 382, 


prob. apprehended as pi., as ix 


486. [OFr. meneslral, -el.} 


75 (first), 1 1 8, xv h 3, &c. ; Me, 


Mente. See Mene, v. 1 


in 3, 16, 48, 51, xill a 9, xv g 


MercJ, Mercy(e), Mersy, . 


8, 28. [OE. man, reduced under 


mercy, I 167, II 113, in r, vi 23, 


wk. stress.] See Man (esp. v 1 70). 


vin a 40 (personified), xvi 359, 


Mencioun, n. mention, ix 267. 


&c. ; grant merci, thank you, V 


[OFr. mencion.~\ 


58, xn b 92 (see Grant). [OFr. 


Mend(e), z>. to improve ; make 


merci. ] 



GLOSSARY 



Mercii, n. pi. Mercians, men of 
the Midlands, xm b 54. [Med.L. 
Mercii; OE. Merce.] 

Mery. See Miri(e). 

Meridionall, adj. Southern, IX 2, 
3. [L. meridionalis."] 

Merke(nes). .S^Mirke,Myrknes. 

Mersh, . March, xvc i. [AFr., 
ONFr. march(e}.~] 

Merpe. See Mirthe. 

Meruayl(l)e, -uail(e), -ueyl(l)e, 
&c. (of\ n. amazement, wonder 
(at), I 21 1, IX 151, 226; marvel, 
II 409, 598, ix 143, 146, 292, 
&c ; a marvel (without a), I 
115, 205, ix 18 ; no meniayle 
]>a) (with subj.\ no wonder (if), 
v 239. [OFr. mervcille.'] 

Merueyl(l)ous, cufj. marvellous, 
I 247, IX 145 ; Merv\3ilous, 
XII a 64; Mervelus, xvii 12, 
164. [OFr. inerveillous.~\ 

Meschaunce ; Meschief. See 
Myschance ; Myschefe. 

Mese, . moss, n 248. [OE. 
ineos.'] 

Message, M. errand, xil a 52, 102; 
message, xil introd. [OFr. 
message!} 

Messagere, n. messenger, xil a 46 ; 
Messengere, xvi 362. [OFr. 
messager.] 

Messais. See Missays. 

Messe. See Masse, n. 1 

Mesurable, adj. moderate, reason- 
able, VIII a 192. [OFr. mcsur- 
able.~\ 

Mesure, . capacity, XI b 113; 
moderation, xvi 302. [OFr. 
mesure.~] 

Mesurit, pp. measured, X 25. 
[OFr. mesurer.~\ 

Mete, . food, vm a 133, ix 15, 
xv<! 7> "3> xvn 1 6o, &c. ; 
Mette, xvi 230 ; esf. joined 
with drink, I 158, n 254, vm a 
20, XI b 257, xvii 197 ; at(te) 
mete, at table, II 519, villa 55, 
xv ^ 2 4- [ E - mete.'] 

Mete(n),z>. to meet, II 510, v 138, 
167, VI 20, XIV a 27; Mette, 
pa. t., vm a 163, b 6. [OE. 
metan.~\ See Imete. 



Mete)>, ^sg.pres. measures, xnio 
46. [OE. melan.~\ See Meete. 

Mothles, adj. immoderate, violent, 
v 38. [OE. mxf-leas.'] 

Mette, pa. t. dreamt, xn a 139, 
153. [OE. m&tan, impers.] 

Meue, Moue, v. to move ; trans. 
(inspire), XI a 66, b 246; intr, 
proceed, pass on, vii 98 ; Meuyt, 
pa. t. passed, VI I 30; Mevid, 
//. carried away, xvn 542. 
[OFr. moveir; accented stem 
moev-, tiieuv-, &c.j 

Mezeyse. See Missays. 

Mi, My. See Ich, pron. 

Miche, Myche, adj. great, much, 

II 278, 523, 560, VII 41, 122. 

[OE. miccl.-] See Mekill, 

Mochel, More. 
Micht, Mycht. See Mai, v.\ 

My 5 t(e). 
Mid, Midde (xv),/nr/. with, in 

introd., 9, 51, 55, xva 19. [OE. 

mid.'] See >cr(e). 
Myddel, adj. central, Midland, 

XIII b 10, 54. [OE. middel.~] 
Middel, Myddel, n. middle, XIII b 

ii ; waist, xv c 16. [OE. 

middel.] 
Myddel-erde, Medill-erd, . . 

the world, v 32, xvn 100, 234. 

[Altered by assoc. with prec. 

from OE. middan-(g)eard.~] 
Mydyng, . midden, dunghill, 

xvii 376. [Cf. Danish tnfo- 

dynge, mbdding (ON. *7ityk(i}- 

dyngjd) muck-heap.] 
Mydnyat, n. midnight, v 119. 

[OE. mid-niht.-} ' 
Myghtfull, adj. mighty, XVII I. 

[OE. miht + -//.] 
Mighty, Myghty, adj. mighty, 

vii 177, &c. ; was so myghfy to, 

had the power to, XVI 91 ; 

quasi-sb. mighty princes, vii 

1 1 8. [OE. militig.'} 
My}t(e),. might, power, strength, 

capacity, I 84, 186, via a 195, 

XI b 1 14 ; Mycht, X 48, 65, &c. ; 

Myght, IX 197, xvi 233, &c. ; 

Miste, Myste (tee App. p. 278), 

xv g 29; of myste, mighty, VI 

102 ; pi. deeds of power, xvi 



GLOSSARY 



T741 fo (<*#) M S m y3 ( > & c - do 

all in his power, x 79, xi b 6 ; 

with thair mychtis all, with all 

their might, X 95 ; at my myght, 

as far as I can, xvn 322. [OE. 

miht.} 

Mijte, Mihte, &c. See Mai, v. 
Myke}, n. pi. ? favourites, vi 212 

(note) ; see Mike, n. in N.E.D. 

[Unknown.] 
Milde, Mylde, adj. gentle, kindly, 

iv a 74, b 75, xv^ 2,&c. [OE. 

mild.'] 
Mile, Myle, . mile ; sg. for //. 

after numerals, II 350, xiv l> 42 ; 

ivd a four grete myle t fully (a 

distance of) four ' long miles ', 

ix 200 (see note). [OE. mil.'] 
Miles, 1 n. pi. xv b 20 ; ? read 

meles murge (wi}p, call lovingly 

to ; see Mele, v. 
Myn, adj. smaller, in more and 

myn, all, xvn 112, 278. [ON. 

minni ; meiri ok minni.} 
Myn, Mynne, v. to remember, 

recall, mention, vn 30, 37 ; 

myn(ne) of, be mindful of, vi 

223, xvn 551. [ON. mittna, 

remind ; minna-sk, remember.] 
Min, Myn(e). See Ich, pron. 
Mynd(e), . mind, memory, vii 

10, II, 30, IX 319, xvi 2 ; take 

in i., recollect, xna 194, b 223. 

[OE. (ge-^nynd.} 
Myne, . ore, ix 46, 52. [OFr. 

mine.'] 
Myne(n), v. to mine, tunnel, ix 

222, 224, 231, x 8. [OFr. 

miner.} 
Mynestres, . //. servants, vin b 

63. [OFr. ministre.} 
Ministre, Mynstre, . monastery, 

vin b 95, xin a 50. [OE. 

mynster.} 
Mynget, -it, pa. t. mingled, vn 

I 3 I ; PP- vn IQ 8. [OE. min- 

gan.} 

Mynt, Munt, . aim ; feint, pre- 
tence at a blow, v 277, 282, 284. 

[From next.] 
Mynte, v. to aim, swing (an axe), 

V 222 ; Mynte, Munt, pa, t. sg. 

V 194, 206. [OE. myntan.} 



Miracle, n. miracle, XI b 280'. 

[OFr. miracle.} 
Mire, Myre, mire ; fig. a desperate 

situation, xiv 71, xvi 256. 

[ON. myr-r.} 
Miri(e), Myrle, adj. merry, joy- 

otts, gay, II 58, 436, vin a 151, 

XV a u, 16, &c. ; Mery, vin a 

69, xvn 463 ; Myryest, superl. 

vi 75 ; Muryly, adv. pleasantly, 

E' fully, v 227, 268, 277. 
. myrge.} See Mirth(e), 
gel>. 

Mirke, Merke, adj. dark, vn 108 ; 
n. darkness, xvi 53. [OE. myrce, 
ON. myrk-r, adj.] 

Myrknes, n. darkness, iv a 64 ; 
Merkenes, vn 131. [From 
prec.] 

Mirth(e), Myrth, . joy, mirth, 
iv a 44, xiv b 3, xvi 79, &c. ; 
Merpe, n 6. [OE. myrgp.'} 

Mys. See Misse, Mysse. 

Mysbede, v. to ill-use, vin a 46 ; 
Mysboden, //. V 271. [OE. 
mis-beodan.} 

Myschance, Meschaunce, n. 
disaster, misfortune, v 127, IX 
87, xiv b 30. [OFr. mes- 
cha(u}nce.} 

Myschefe, -cheif, -chief, . dis- 
tress, damage, misfortune, I 175, 
Villa 199, X 136, 178; Mes- 
chief, xn b 14. [OFr. mes- 



Misdede, n. wrong-doing, xiv b 7. 

[OE. mis-de'd.} 
Miself(f>, Myselue(n). See 

Ich, pron. 
Myserecorde, n. mercy, vi 6. 

[OFr. misericorde.} 
Myshap, . accident, vin b 35. 

[OE. mis- + Hap, q. v.} 
Myslyke, v. impers. it displeases, 

is unpleasant to ; subj. iv b 58, 

v 239. [OE. miS'lician.} 
Missays, Mossais, . hardship, 

suffering, n 262,325 ; Mezeyae, 

in 42. [OFr. mesaise, -eise.} 

See Ese. 
Mysse, Mys, . (sense of) loss, 

vi 4; misery, xvn 551; 

Mysses, pi. offences, faults, V 



GLOSSARY 



323. [OE. miss, and mis- 


Moyne. See Mone. 


prefix.] See Amys. 


Moyst, adj. moist, IX 95. [OFr. 


Misse, Mys(se), v. to miss ; rttisse 


moiste^\ 


(of), fail (in), vu 118, xvn 


Mol, n. dust, vi 22 (cf. WM/, Pearl 


404 ; to do without, xvil 237 ; 
lack, VI 22. [OE. missan.~] 


905). \OE.myl.-} 
Mold(e), n. earth, in tag (ap}on 


Mysspended, //. misspent, vm b 


mold(i}, on earth, alive, xiv b 3, 


97. [OE. mis- + sp{ndan.~\ See 


XVI I, 91, XVII 62. [OE.*K0t&.] 


Spende. 


Mon. See Man(e). 


Myste, Mist, . mist, V 12, vii 


Mon(e), n. complaint, lamentation, 


108, &c. [OE. mist.'] 


grief, II 198, vi 14, villa 117, 


Miste, Myste. See Myjt(e). 


xiv a 27. [OE. 'man, rel. to 


Mister, Myster, . need, iv b 58, 


Mene, z>. 2 ] 


67, X 151, 161; Maister, in 


Mone, n. moon, xv 16, 25, xvn 


horn maister were, was their 


355 ; Moyne, xvil 6 ; lunar 


duty, vu 35. [OFr. mest(t)er, 
meisiier.'] 


month, 478 ; abouen J>e m., to 
the skies, ridiculously high, xi b 


Myst-hakel, n. cloak of mist, 


182. [OE. monal] 


v 13. [OE. mist + haceleJ] 


Moneday, . Monday, xiila 29. 


Mnam, n. (mina), talent, villa 


[OE. monan-dseg.'] 


337i338; Nam, vu a 235. [L. 


Mong, prep, among, VII 120. 


m(f)nam, accus.] 


[Shortened from Amonge, q. v.~] 


Mo, adj. and quasi-fron. more (in 


Moni, -y. See Mani. 


number), others, I 133, 11 90, 


Moniales, . //. nuns, vm b 80. 


35. v 254, ix 153, xiv d 7, 


[Med.L. monidlis.'] 


xv b 22, xvi 358, xvn 134, &c. ; 


Monk(e), n. monk, v 40, vm a 


Moo, XVI 208, 328. [OE. ma, 


322, b 80. [OE. munuc] 


compar. adv.] 


Monthe, n. month, vinb 52, XII 


Moche, adv. greatly, much, IX 


a 34, &c. ; //. (orig. gen.} in tuo 


101, 300, xi b 107, 183, &c. ; 


monthe day, two months' time, 


to a great extent, xm b 41 ; 


XII a 29 (see Day). [OE. 


Much(e), vi 14, xi b 297, &c. 


montjty.] See Tweluemonth(e). 


[OE. mycel, mycleA See Mekill, 


Moo ; Moost. See Mo ; Mor(e). 


Mor(e), Mo. 


Mor, . moor, v 12, xv i, &c. 


Mochel,o^'. (and quasi-sb."), great, 


[OE. mor.} 


much, xn a 105, 6212; Moche, 


More, adj. compar. greater, v 32, 


II 36, in 25, 32, xm a 51, &c. ; 


IX 28, 245, &c. ; more, further, 


Much, v 72, 268, vi 244, &c. ; 


&c. (easily passing into adv., as 


in so moche, to the corresponding 
extent, XI b 232 ; in so moche 


xiv b 3, &c.), II 264, v 180, 
xvi io6,&c. ; quasi-sb. a greater 


}at, in as much as, ix 299. [OE. 


amount, more, vi 193, 217, 240 


mycel.'} See Mekill, Miche, 


(see Longe adv."), &c. ; more and 


More. 


les(se~), les and more, all, xvi 


Mod, n. mood, temper, vi 41. 


383, xvn IT, 94 ; more and myn, 


[OE. mod.] 


all, xvil 112, 278 (see Myn). 


Mody, adj. as sb. the passionate 
(lover), xv 3 22. [OE. modig.] 


Mast, superl. greatest, most, x 
1 8, 38, 104; Most(e), XI* 25, 


Moder, -ir, . mother, II 30, in 


xi vc 15, xvi 360 ; both the m. 


40, v 252, xvi 250, &c. ; 


and the leest, all, xvn 452 ; J>e 


Moder, gen. sg. XI b 29 ; as 
adj. in modir tunge, Xia 40. 


most, (the) most (part), I 23. 
[OE. mara; mast (late Nth. 


[OE. mot/or.'] 


mast, with vowel of compar.).] 


Mo3t(e), Moghte. See Mai, v. 


See Mekill, &c. 



GLOSSARY 



Mor(e), Mare (iv, xiv), adv. corn- 
par, more, vi 193, &c. ; forming 
compar.) vi 239, ix 248, xn<$ 
130, &c. ; longer, further, in the 
future, again, &c. (esp. in no 
more, na mare, &c.), I 83, 144, 
iv a 58, xiv b 3 (or at//.}, &c. ; 
moreover, vi 205 ; nojt . . . more, 
not . . . either, vi 228 ; no more 
hot, none the more except that, 
V 243. Mast (iv), Moost, 
Most(e), super I. most(ly), for 
the most part, a 12, 33 (see 
Ony), iv a 77, vn 10, xia 20, 
&c. ; forming super/., ix 42, &c. 
[As prec. ; for older compar. 
adv. see Mo.] See Mekill, &c. ; 
Nomore. 

Moreyn, n. plague ; pe furste 
moreyn, the Black Death (1349), 
xin b 26. [OFr. marine.'} 

Morn(e), n. morning, morrow, 
I 137, v 282. [OE. morne dat. 
sg.] See Morwc. 

Mornyf, adj. mournful, vi 26. 
[Stem of Mournen + OFr. -if; 
cf. OFr. morni.~] 

Mornyng, . morning, xvil 498. 
[From Morne.] 

Mornynge. See Mournen. 

Morter, n. mortar, vnia 136. 
[OFr. mortier.'} 

Morthererea, . //. murderers, 
vill a 268. [Cf. OE. myrlra, 
OFr. mordreour.'] 

Morwe, Morow, n. morning, 
morrow, vm a 140, Xlia 152, 
b 176, &c. ; fram in. til even, 
all day, vm a 178, (reversed for 
rime) xvn 205. [OE. morgen.~\ 
See Morn(e). 

Most(e),&c. -$Mor(e), and next. 

Mot(e), v. may, II 532, v 52, XI b 
115, xiv c 87, &c. ; must, n 
125, 248, villa 284, xi a 38, 
&c. ; Most (to), 2 sg.pres. must 
go (to), xv g 3 ; Most(e),/a. /. 
might, II 233, 330 ; must, is 
(was) bound to, n 468, IX 197, 
287, xi/J 205 ; Must(e),xvi 274, 
xvn 1 30 (2 sg."\ ; impers. in must 
vs, we mustjXvi i 292,334. [OE. 
mot, pa. t. moste,"} 



Mote, n. a whit, v 141. [OE. 
mot. ] ' 

Mote, v. to argue, xvi 256 (see 
note). [OE. motian.'] 

Mournen, v. to mourn, XV c 34; 
Mournjng, . mourning, sor- 
row, iv a 72 ; Murning, xiv b 
2 ; Mornynge, xi b 118, 125, 
1 30, &c. [OE. murnan.~] 

Moun. See Mai, v. 

Mountayne, . mountain, ix 161, 
162, &c. [OFr. mtmtai(g]ne.i 

Moun tej, n.pl. hills, v 12. [OE. 
munt ; OFr. munt.'} 

Mouthed, pa. t. uttered, vm a 
234. [From next.] 

Moujje, n. (dat. sg.) mouth, II 
465 ; be moutke, by word of m., 
xn b 199. [OE. mup.'} 

Mowe. See Mai, v, 

Mowe(n), v. 1 to mow, vm b 14 
(first). [OE. mdwan.'] 

Mowe(n), v? to stack (in mows), 
vm b 14 (second). [OE. rnuga, 
muwa, a mow, heap.] 

Mowres, n.pl. Moors, ix 5. [OFr. 
Maure, More."] 

Much(e). ^Moche(l). 

Muged, pa. t. drizzled, was damp, 
v is. [Cf. Norw. mugga, 
drizzle, and Mug* in E.D.D.] 

Muk, Mukke, . dung, vm a 1 36, 
xvn 62. [Cf. ON. myki.] 

Mullere, . Miller, Xivo* 3, 9. 
[OE. *mylnere.~] 

Mulne, n. mill, v 135. [OE. 
mylen.~\ 

Multiplye(n), v. to multiply, in- 
crease ; trans, ill i,vma 120, 
323 ; intr. IX 60, xvn 31, 179. 
[OFr. multiplier.'} 

Multitude, . multitude, XI b 228. 
[OFr. multitude.'} 

Mun, v. auxil. will (fut.\ XIV * 
2. [ON. munu.~\ 



Munt. See Mynt(e). 
Murge}>, pres.pl. gladden, xv 20 
(see Miles). [OE. (d-)myrgian.'] 



See Miri(e). 
Muryly. See Miri(e). 
Murning. See Mournen. 
Mused, pa. t. mused ; existed, 

were, V 356 (characteristic 



GLOSSARY 



action of ' homo rationales ' 
standing for verb 'to be ' ; cf. 
flaje, VI 71). [OFr. muser.'] 
Muster, -ir, v. to show, manifest, 
xvi 86, 104, 174. [OFr. 
moustrer."] 



Na. See No, Non(e\ 

Nabbe, i sg. pres. ind. have not, 
xv/ 8, 1 1 ; Nade, pa. t. had 
not (with another neg.), 11 392. 
[OE. nabban, nafJe.'] See 
Habbe, Ne. 

Nacion, . race, nation, xm 4, 
17. [OFr. nation.'] 

Najt, n. night ; be najt, by night, 
by the time night has come, vi 
163. [OE. /*/.} See Nyght. 

Najt, pron. nothing (with neg. 
adv.), HI 18; Najt, Nau}te, 
adv. not, vm a 43 ; (with neg. 
verb) in 42. [OE. nd-wiht, 
nd(u)ht. See Nat, Nojt. 

Nay(e), adv. nay, II 131, in 26, 
xvi 335, &c. ; as sb., in with- 
outten nay, undeniably, XVII 2 
(cf. No). [ON. .] 

Nail^e), Nayle, Naill(e), Nayll, 
n. nail, xvii 119, 273, 277; 
finger-nail, I 164, 236, II 106, 
Vina 62. [OE. n&gel.~\ See 
Naule. 

Nayled,//. nailed, IV a 86. [OE. 



Nale ; atte nale = atten ale, at 

the ale, over their ale, villa 

109. [OE. a/H.] See Atte. 
Nam, I sg. pres. ind. am not; 

nam hot, am only, II 430. [OE. 

na?n.~\ See Ne. 
Nam. See Mnam, Nyme. 
Name, . name, I 37, vn 60, XV i 

10, &c. ; good name, praise, 

XI b 257; Nome, vn introd.; 

be name (name), by name, in- 

dividually, i introd., 46, vn 37; 

by name, especially, xvi 190; 

bi Codes name (oath), II 316. 

[OE. nama, noma.~\ 
Nameles, adj. (as a name) Name- 

less, Nobody, xivrf 2. [OE. 

nama + -leas.~\ 



Namely, -liche, adv. namely, 
especially, I 264, vm a 55, XI b 
253. [OE. nama + -ltce^\ 

Namore ; Nane. See Nomore ; 
Non(e),/r0. 

Nar(e), pres. ind.pl. are not (with 
neg.), II 390, v 24. [OE. naron.'] 
See Ne. 

Narwe, adj. narrow, mean (dwell- 
ing), n 483. [OE. nearu.~\ 

Nas, Nes (m),/<z. t. sg. (usually 
with neg.) was not, II 98, 150, 
354, in 42, xv 28; Nere,//. 
II 123; subj. would be, n 457. 
[OE. nxs (Kt. nes] ; nxron, 
nxre.] 

Nat, neg. adv. not, I 12, 97, 132, 
vm b 93. [Reduced form of 
Najt, q.v.~\ 

Natheles. See Nojjelcs. 

Nature, . nature, xna 113. 
[OFr. nature."} 

Nau^te. See Najt. 

Nau^ty, adj. (worth nought), 
penniless, vm 3218. [Cf. OE. 
ndht-lic.'] 6-Nast. 

Nauy, n. navy, VII III, 143. 
[OFr. navif.'} 

Naule, n. finger-nail, vi 99. [ON. 
nagl, or OE. nx,gl, *naglas.~] 
See Naile. 

Nau per, Nawper, v, vi ; Noper, 
I, VIII, xin ; Noujier, -ur, 
\ivc; Nowder,xvil;NowJ>er, 
Nowther, xiv b ; Nowthir, xvi; 
adv. neither, either (after a neg.), 
v 299; conj. neither (foil, by 
ne, nor), I nS, v 306, xiv* 75, 
78, c 57, 62, xvi 287, xvii 534, 
&c. ; (foil, by then) xvii 535 ; 
nor, XIII a 13, 37. [OE. nd- 
hivxpcr, no-hivxfrer, nd(w)for, 
nffj>er, &c.] See Neyther, Noi)>er, 

Nawhere. See Nowhar(e). 

Ne, adv. not (preceding verb) r 
i 73. v 74, vm a 138, 172, &c.; 
(usually with another neg., esp. 
nojt, &c.), I 71, 156, III 1 8, 
vi 2,&c. ; coalescing with auxil. 
verbs, see Nabbe. Nam, Nar(e), 
Nas, Nil, Nis, Not ; conj. nor, 
i 118, 160, iv a 2, &c. ; ne . . . 
ne, neither . . . nor, nor . . . nor, 



GLOSSARY 



I 158, IX 201 ; (foil, by another 
neg.) and, I 12, 153, vill a 280, 
ix 181, &c. [OE. *.] 

Nede, Neid (x), n. need, iv b 67, 
X 18, xi b 259, xvil 426; at 
nede, in time of need, vin a 1 13 ; 
//. wants, business, V 148. [OE. 
tied.'} 

Nedes, adv. needs, of necessity, 
11468, 1x288, XI b 205. [OE. 
nedes.] 

Nedeth, Nudejj, pres. (impers) 
sg. (it) is necessary, villa 240, 
b 20; hem nedeth, they have 
need, villa 203; Neyd, with 
mixed constr. in neydthowe, you 
need, xvi 242. [OE. neodian ; 
cf. next.] 

Nedid, pa. t. compelled, xi b 75 ; 
//. XI b 9, 35. [OE. nedan.~\ 

Nedeful(l), Nedfull, adj. neces- 

1 - [OE - 



Nedy, adj. needy, in want, vin a 

15, 218; as jocular name, XVII 

405. [OE. neadig-, *nedig.] 
Nedle, n. needle (of compass), 

1x124, &c. [OE. nedl.~] 
Nee. See Nyj. 
Negh. (iiere), v. intr. to approach, 

xvi 224; Nyghys, 3 sg. pres. 

xvil 370; Neighed, pa. t. 

villa 294. [From Ny3, q.vl\ 
Neid ; Neyd ; Neise ; Neir. 

6V? Nede ; Nedeth ; Nyj; Ner(e). 
Neyther, NeiJ>er, adv. ; ne ncy- 

t/ier, and neither, vin a 276; 

neiper . . . tte, neither . . . nor, 

xi b 190, 386. [OE. 

Kgler; cf. ndkivaej>er.~\ 

Nau}>er, Noijjer. 
Nek, n. neck, V 187, 242. [OE. 

hnecca."] 

Neltow. See Nil. 
Nemeled, pp. named, mentioned, 

xv i 10. [OE. nemnan, with 

inn > #*/.] 
Nempned, pa. t. named, II 600. 

[OE. nemnan.'] See Ncucn(e). 
Ner(o), Neir (x), compar. adj. 

and adv. nearer, I 255 ; as fos., 

near, x 77, xn b 114, XVI 43, 

224, xvil 370; adv. nearly, i 



See 



Vina 171, xvil 412; prep. 
near (to), vi 44, vin a 294, 
x 67 ; Nest, superl. next, 1215; 
Next(e), nearest, vn 13; next, 
I 138, &c. [OE. near(a), com- 
par. (cf. ON. n&r, compar. and 
pos.); nest(a), next(a}.~\ See 
Ny3. 

Nere, Nes. See Nas. 

Nesch, adj. ; quasi-sb. (what is) 
soft, pleasant, vi 246. [OE, 
hnesce.~\ 

Nest. See Ner(e). 

Nest(e), n. nest, iv b 36, IX 252, 
xin a 22. [OE. nest.] 

Neuen(e), v. to name, mention, 
I introd., XVII 12. [ON. ne/na.} 

Neuer(e), adv. never, 1 152, vm a 
23 &c. ; not at all, I introd., 
xvil 313; neuer sa, so, no 
matter how, iva 75, v 61, vi 
2 1 1 ; neuer J>e lesse, nevertheless, 
i 71. [OE. M&Jre.] 

New(e), Nw(e) (,v,vi), aay'.new, 
n 217, v 176, 332, vi 167, 
vin a 294, &c. ; quasi-sb. IX 
275 ; na new, no new thing, 
iv a 42; for new, in exchange 
for new (ones), vn 13; adv. 
anew, n 593; newly, v 155 ; 
now newe (OE. nit niowan}, 
just lately, xvi 314. [OE. 
niotve.'] 

Next ; Nye. See Ner(e) ; Noy(e). 

Nyghys. See Negh. 

Nyght, Ni;t, Ny;t; Nycht (x); 
Nyht (xii); . night, i 29, 
ii 370, vn 127, x 197, xn a68, 
&c.; be nyjt, nyhte (dat.), at 
night, xn a 117, 131, xv tig; 
on nyght, at night, xvA 22 ; see 
next. [OE. niht.] See Najt. 

Nyghtes, Nihtes, Nytes (xv), 
adv. at, by, night, xv c 2 1 ; with 
prep., a nyght es, be nytes, vin b 
16, XV i 20. [OE. niktes.~] 

Nyght-rest, n. rest at night, iv a 
83. [OE. niht + rest.] See 
Ryste. 

Nygromansye, n. necromancy, 
black magic ; (used vaguely as) 
impious nonsense, XI a 5. [OFr. 
~ 



GLOSSARY 



Ny}, Nyh, Nee (iv), Nei^e (11), 


v 38, vnia 54, ix 182, &c. ; 


adv. nigh, at hand, close (by), 


na (no) kyn, see Kyn, pinge ; 


xna 155, b 13, xma 52, b 61 ; 


non oj>er, nothing different, see 


nyh aboute, near at hnnd, xna 


O}>er(e) ; na thyng, no ping, see 


74; almost, II 199; prep, near 
(to), iv a ii (note), XII* 29. 


]?inge ; Nones, gen. sg. in . 
cunnes, set Kyn. [OE. .] 


[OE. <a s /&.] See Ner(e), 


See Non(e),^r0#. 


Welne}. 


No, Na, adv. not, no, I 79, II 84, 


Ny}t-olde, adj. kept over night, 


iv a 58, &c. ; see Mor(e), No- 


a day old, vma 303. [OE. 


more. Used in II as equivalent 


Hiht-dld.] 


of Ne (q.v.} ; adv. not, II 84, 


Nyhte, v. to become night, 


147, 225, &c. ; con/, nor, and 


grow dark, XII b 19. [From 


(with neg.), ii 140, 150, &c. ; 


Nyght, .] 


no ... no, neither . . . nor, II 229. 


Nyhtegales, . //. nightingales, 


As sb. in wi]>oulen no, undenia- 


XV b 5. [OE. nihtegale.'] 


bly, II so (cf. Nay). [OE. a.] 


Nil, i, 3 sg. pres. ind. will not 


Noble, Nobel, -ill, -ull, adj. 


(usually with another neg.) n 


noble, excellent, n 48, vn 5, 


21 ' 332, 338; Nul, xv^ 20; 
Neltow (nelt + J>ow), isg. vin a 


49, xin b 67, xiv b 65, c 18, 
xvn 128, 276, &c. [OFr. no- 


149 ; Nule, //. XV- 25 ; 


Afc] 


Nold(e), pa. t. would not, was 


Nobleie, . splendour ; fame and 


unwilling to, n 140, 280, v 163, 


n. of pe world, ? reputation for 


Vina 232; subj. v 82; wold 


splendour among men, ii b 23?. 


ich nold ich, whether I would or 


[OFr. nobltie.'} 


not, willy nilly, n 154. [OE. 


Noblesse, . nobility, in joure . . . 


nyllan, nellan ; nolde.] See Ne. 


noblesse as form of address, ix 


Nym(e), v . to take, catch, seize ; 


270. [OFr. noblesse.'] 


receive ; take one's way, go (cf. 


Nobot, conj. only, v 114. [OE. 


haj> }e way ynome, 11 4/7) ; 


na + butan.] 


villa 43; nyme to fyselucn, 
take upon yourself, be responsible 


Nc?t, Noght(e), Noth (xv/), 
Noujt(e), Nouht, Nout, &c., 


f r > v 73 J Nymmeth, imper. 


and reduced Net, adv. not at 


pi. villa 15; Nam, /a. t. sg. 


all, not, i 64, 86, n 23, 73, 348, 


I 76, II 154, XII b 84, 156; 


iv b a, villa 46, b 94, xv/ 7 


Nom, III 53; Xll3 182; 


(see App. p. 278), &c. ; (with 


Nom(e), //. I 233, n 92, 287, 


further neg.) I 15, n 306, 336, 


VI 227 ; Ynome, pp. n 182, 


ix 196, &c. [OE. nd-(wi}ht, 


193, 403, 477, 565 (note). [OE. 


no-(wi]ht^ See Najt. 


nitnan.} See Vndernome. 


Nojt, Noght.e), Nocht, 


Nyne, adj. nine, XIII b 33. [OE. 


Noujt(e), n. nothing, vin a 


/.] 


142, 241, X introd., XI a 4, 


Nis, Nys, 3 sg. pres. ind. is not 


xvii 96, 287 ; (with addit. neg.), 


(usually with another neg.), n 


vi 160 ; for nojt, to no purpose, 


131. 36, 552, XII b 118, xiv c 


i 183, xiv b 55; no good, in 


27, xv c 25. [OE. uis.'] See 


nottjt nis (nere), is (would be) 


Ne. 


impossible, II 131, 457 (cf. OE. 


Nist;Nytes. See^o\.,v. ;Nyghtes. 


ndht, worthless). [As prec.] 


No, Na (iv), adj. no, none, (with 


Noy(e), Nuy, Nye (v), . harm, 


neg.) any, i n, 156, iva 16, 36, 


distress, v 73, vn 149, xina 


42 (see Newe), &c. ; Non(e) 


49 ; noy for to here, grievous to 


(before h or vowel, or sep. from 


hear (rf. Fine, ReuJ), vil 133. 


noun) i 15, 160, ii 354, 392, 


[Shortened fiom OFr. anoi, 



GLOSSARY 



ani; with Nye compare Byled, 


Norferon, ad}, northern, xmi 


Strye.] 


10, 56. [OE. norj>erne.\ 


Noye, v. to do harm, xina 36. 


Northiunbres, n. pi. Northum- 


[Shortened from OFr. anoier.~] 


brians, xm b 58. [Cf. OE. 


Noys(e), Noise, n. noise, I 75, 


A'orp-hymbre.'] 


vn 133, xv h 3, &c. [OFr. 


Not, i sg. pres. ind. know not, 


noise.-] 


XII b 164, xiv c no; Nist, pa. 


Noise, v. intr. to make a noise, 
xn a 78 (note). [From prec.] 
Noiper, pron. neither, II 324 ; 


t. (with neg.) knew not, n 388, 
296, 494. [OE. not, nyste.\ 
See Ne, Wite(n). 


conj. in noijttr . . . no, neither 


Note, adj. ? useful, required ; de- 


. . . nor, n 346. [NauJ>er, 
No}>er infl. by Ney}>er.] 


sired, v 24. [? Rel. to next.] 
Note, n. 1 affair, business, xvi 268 


Nolde. See Nil. 


(with pi. vb.), xvn 264 ; ado, 


Neman, n. nobody, xn a 67, b 8, 


xvil 368. [OE. nottt.] 


&c. [OE. nan + mann.~] 


Note, n. 2 (musical) note, n 438, 


Nombre, Nowmber, n. number, 


xi b 162, &c. ; tune, n 602, 


vn 86, ix 195. [OFr. munbre, 


xv a n. [OFr. note, L. nota.~] 


not/iore.] 


See Countre note. 


Nom(e). See Name, Nym(e). 


Note, n? nut, ix 157 (note). 


Nomore, n. nothing more, vin a 


[OE. hmttu.-] 


90; Namore, vina 140. 


Notemuges, n. pi. nutmegs, ix 


[OE. na f mare, neut.] See 


1 5 7 . [ Free. + O Fr. mug (u)e, 


Mor(e). 


musk ; cf. OFr. nois mug\u}edc, 


Non(e), Nane (IV, X), pron. 


&c.] 


none, not one, I 197, v loa, 


Noth. See No^t, adv. 


x 143, xn b 13, xiii 23, &c. ; 
no one, (with neg.) any one ; 
I 153, II 433, iva 13, v 36, 


Notwipstondinge, prep, in spite 
of, XI a 25. [Nost +/;-. /. 
of ME. wibstonden, OE. ivib- 


VI 83, X 130, &c. [OE. nan.'] 
See No, adj. 


stdndan.'] 
Nopeles, adv. all the same, never- 


None, Noyne (x), Noon, n. 


theless, xin a 6, b 3, &c. ; 


noon, mid-day hour, II 372, 


Natheles, ix 5i,xiia 130, &c. 


vn 129, x 67, xin a 28, xvn 
317, &c. ; Nones, pi. mid-day 


[OE na-J>e-lKs.-] 
Noper, attj. no other ; (w<) no 


meal, villa 139. [OE. non, 


noper, nor any other, II 230. 


L. nffna (hora\] 


[OE. nan + d}er.~] 


Nonetide, n. noontide, II 497. 


NoJ>er; No}>ynk. See Nauber; 


[OE. non-lid.'] 


J>ing(e). 


Nones ; Jor J>e nones, for the 


Nouelrie, n. newfangledness, new 


nonce (practically meaningless 


invention, xi 124, 164, 169, 


tag), II 53, xn a 83. [For>r 


aoo, 206, 210, 215. [OFr. 


J>en ones (OE. *for J>am anutn + 


novelriel\ 


adv. -es} as regards that particu- 


Novels, n. 1>l. news, something 


lar thing, occasion, &c.] 


new, xvn 508. [OFr. <rcv/(/>.] 


Norysscht, //. nourished, IX 59. 
[OFr. norrir, norriss-."] 


Nou;t(e), Nou(h)t. See Nojt. 
NouJ>e, Nouthe, adv. just now, 


Normans, n. pi. Normans, XIII b 


11466; at present, Vina 199. 


13, 20. [OFr. Normant, pi. 


[OE. nu-p<i.\ See Now(e). 


Normans.'] 


Nouper, -ur. See NauJ>er. 


NorJ), . and adj. north, xin b 53, 


Now(e), Nou, adv. now, I 128, 


64, xvn 477, &c. [OE. norp, 


iv b 43, xi a 21, &c. ; oper now 


adv. ; nor)>-.'] 


o}>er neuer, now or never, v 148 ; 



GLOSSARY 



see Late, New(e) ; conj, since, 


out of, II 29, in 4, 36, v 131, 


now that, v 352, vi 29; -now 


J53. 179. VI 247, vii 169, vma 


. . . now, now that, vi 1 7. [OE. 


204, &c. ; out of, (made) of, in, 


nit] 


II 4, 362, ix 115, xvn 119, &c. 


Nowder. See NauJ>er. 


(ii) By, III 18, \\ b 5, V 99, IX 


Nowhar(e), -where, Nawhere 


55, xi b 31, 204, &c. ; by (means 


(vi), adv. nowhere, v 96, vi 174, 


of), with, II 364, IX 65, &c. 


XIIIOI7; in no case, not at all, 


(iii) Of, about, concerning, I 160, 


v 1 86. [OE. na-hw&r] See 


ii 5, 12, in 3, villa 197, ix 


Whar(e). 


147, xi b i, 295, &c. (iv) 


Nowmber; ETowper, &c. See 


Forming equiv. of gen. : as 


Nombre ; Nauper. 


possess., i 34, 216, &c. ; ad- 


Nudep; Nuy; MTul(e) ; Nw(e). 


jectival, ii 3, iv b 34, &c. (see 


See Nedeth; Noy(e) ; Nil; 


the nouns) ; in, as regards, &c. , 


New(e). 


v 170, vi 71, vii 18, 38, 164 




(first), vma 52, xil a 9, xvi 129, 


O. See Of, On, On(e). 


xvil 543, &c. ; of breed, &c., in 


Obediand, adj. obedient, xvn 


breadth, &c., xvn 123, 125, 


121. [OFr. obedient with sub- 


259,520; (introd. actual measure- 


stitution of pres. p. -ami."] 


ment), ix 155, xvn 126; ob- 


Obediencer, n. an obedientiary, 


jective gen., at, for, on ace. of, 


one owning obedience (to a 


&c., n 471, 573, vin a 38, 117, 


monastery, &c.) ; an administra- 


xi b 10 (first), xil a 144, &c. ; 


tive officer of a religious house, 


grame ...of, wrath against, 


VIII b 95. [OFr. obediencier] 


XVII 90 ; partitive, of, among, 


Obittel, adj. dead, xvi 269. 


in, vii 43 (see OJ>ere), vnia 


[Nonce-use of L. obilus, de- 


259, ix 182, xi a 39, xvi 388 


ceased.] 


(cf. note to II 388) ; after Fr. 


Obout. See Aboute(n). 


idiom, ix 158, 227,275,xiia66; 


Occean, n. Ocean (as name of 


see Ony, Ofer(e), Owen ; ad- 


Indian Ocean), IX 9. [OFr. 


verbial (of time}, for VIII a 253 ; 


occean] 


in, XI b 136. Of the whiche . . . 


Occupacio(u)n, n. occupation, 


offe, of whom . . .from, of which, 


employment, XI b 156, 251, 288, 


Irom whom (mixed E. and Fr. 


&c. [OFr. occupacion] 


constr.), IX 25, 77 ; of preiere of 


Occupied (aboute, *'), pp. occu- 


holy lif (XI b 83), see Vnder- 


pied (with, in), XI b 114, 218, 


stondeii ; for other idiomatic uses 


242, 262. [OFr. ocatper, altered 


see the nouns, &c., concerned. 


on anal, of verbs in -fier t -plier, 


[OE. of] 


&c.] 


Offend, v. to offend, XVII 108. 


Od, adj. odd, (some) over, xvn 


[OFr. of(f]endre] 


57. [ON. oifda-, in ocUia-mabr ; 


Office, n. duty, xi 18, 21,47, 60; 


see N.E.D., s.v. Odd.] 


houses of ojfyce, quarters, stables 


Oder. See O{>er(e), adj. 


(orig. places set apart for menial 


Of, Offe, adv. off, V 181, 340; 


duties), xvn 134. [OFr. office] 


of, out of, from (after pat re- 


Offringis, n. pi. offerings, offer- 


lative), VI 65, IX 135, 282, &c.; 


tories, xi b 300. [OE. offring.] 


(with infin.)' IX 257, 282, &c. ; 


Of-hild, pa. t. sg. withheld, in 


of the whiche . . . offe, see next. 


10. [OE. of-htaldan, pa. t. 


[OE. of.] See Her(e), tar(e), 


-he-old] 


We). 


Of-sende, v. to send for, ii 428. 


Of, Off, VII 5 ; O, II 1 2, 283, VI 69, 


[OE. of-sendan] See Assent. 


VII 1 8 ; prep. of. (i) From, off, 


Oft, Ofte(n), adv. often, II I, 197, 



GLOSSARY 



III 39, &c.; ofte(n) tyme(s}, IX 
61, 129, xvi 370. [OE. oft.'] 

Oftesithes, Oft(e)sythes, a^. 
often, iv ^ 27, vn 182, ix 63. 
[OE. <? oft-sipas.} See Sithes. 

Oghne. ^ Owen(e). 

Oght(e), Ojt, Ought, Ou}t,/w. 
anything, IV b 45, V 147, xn b 
99, 107, xvi 100 ; adv. in any 
way, at all, XIV c 69. [OE. 
5(wi)ht.} 

Oghte. See Owe. 

O;ain ; 030 ; Ojene. See Ajayn ; 
Owe, v. ; Owen(e). 

Oyl(l)e, . oil, ix 35 ;/-. xvn 
46. [OFr. /.] 

Ok, . oak, xiv<r 57. [OE. ac.} 

Old(e), Aide, oy. old, v 114, 
VII 5, XII introd. (see Dai), 
&c. ; as sb., in old or jong, jong 
and aide, any one, every one, II 
221, iv a 49; of aide, of old, VII 
26, 182. [OE. did.} 

Olif-tre, . olive-tree, xvn 510. 
[OFr. o/mr+Tre.] 

On, artV. on, II 343 (see Do) ; 
(still) V 232 ; (with infin. or re- 
lative), upon, at, in, I 89, II 367, 
vn 15, xv/" 9, 10, xvi 179. 
[OE. on.'] See per(e). 

On ; O, vn 106, ix 250, xva 5, 
g 28 ; prep. on. (i) On, upon, 
I 92, 194, II 303, XV c 24 (fol- 
lowing pron.), &c. ; on him seije, 
saw he had, 11325; on my fr en- 
ship, as you value my f., xvn 
362. (ii) At, v 1 12 (first), xv c 
15, h 3, 22, xvii 137, &c. ; 
(in) In, I 99, xiv* 79, xv a 5, 
XVII 422, &c. ; see Bodi, Lyte, 
Lud, &c. ; after 'believe', I 89, 
vi 65 ; with manere, wise, I So, 
v 1 24. vn 65, 77, xi a ii, xiv b 
95, &c. ; (reference) n 455, 
xv c 13, &c. ; on Englyssh 
tunge, into English, I introd. 
(iv) Of (after 'think') I 221, &c. 
(v) A, in on a day, a day, VI 1 50 
(OE. on dseg). (vi) A-, on (in 
adv. expressions), as on haukin, 
a- hawking, II 308; JBehalue, 
Fote, Lofte, Slep, &c. [OE. on.} 
Seek.-; A.(n),prep.; Vpon. 



Onderuonge, //. received, III 28. 
[OE. under -fan, pp. under - 
fdngen.} See Fonge. 

On(e); Oon(e), xia 41, xvii 2, 
&c. ; Oo, I 180, 231 ; O, I 49, 
&c. ; adj. one, a single, ii 306, 
v 83, vi 170, ix 17, xi a 45, 
Xin b 45, xivrfS, xvn 136, &c.; 
one (and the same), I 49, 231, 
ii 95 (see Cri) ; one (indivisible), 
vii 2, ix 334, xvn 2, 169 ; one 
(as opposed to 'other'), I 180, 
ix 1 80, &c. (see J>e, Ton) ; o, a 
certain, II 308 ; oont or two, 
one or two, some, xvn 133, 484; 
quasi-sb. in into on, together, 
XV i 6 ; at on, at one, in har- 
mony, vi 18 ; al con, (all) one 
and the same thing, xia 41. 
[OE. an.} See A(n), Ane, 
One. 

On(e), pron. one (thing or person), 
v 348, vi 197, ix 24, xi b 223, 
xm a 24, xv* 23, 34, &c. ; 
Oone, xvn 209 ; Onen, dat. sg. 
HI 4 ; one (opposed to ' an- 
other'), ix 53, xm b 16; bole 
fht on and fat oper, both, v 344 ; 
see )>e, Ton ; (some) one, a cer- 
tain person, v 149, vn 54 (with 
name). [As prec.] 

One, adj. alone, only, v 6, vili b 
54, xiv b 61 ; strengthened with 
al, v 87, Xlia 131, b 15 ; a . . . 
one, one . . . only, v 181,^277 > 
cure one, by ourselves, v 177 
(note) ; U t . . . one, leave alone, 
avoid (cf. OE. dn-forlvtari), 
V 50. [OE. ana.} 

Onehed, n. unity, or ? simplicity ; 
onehed of wit, the uniformity of 
men's understanding (interpreta- 
tion) of the Bible, or ? the ease 
of understanding it, XI a 32. 
[OE. an + *-h*du.} 

Onely, adj. in onely alepy, a single 
solitary, I 159; Oon(e)ly, adv. 
only, xvn 288, 307. [OE. 
an-lic, adj.] See Anely. 

Ones, Onej (v), Ouys (xvn), 
adv. once, on a single occasion, 

I lS2, II 122, V 212, XII* 92 ; 

formerly, v 150, villa 203; at 



GLOSSARY 



some (future) time or other, xvn 
207, 389. [OE. anes.~] 
Onest, adj trustworthy, VII 48. 

[OFr. honcste.} 

Ony, adj. any, IX 85, 245, xi b 
300, &c. ; most of ony ping, 
above all things, more than any- 
thing, II 33 ; 'pron. any, ix 326, 
XI b 147. [OE. xnig, infl. by 
an.'] See Ani, Eny. 
Oiione. See Anon(e). 
Oo, adv. ever, continually, xv* 7. 

[OE. .] 

Oo, Oon(e), &c. See On(e), &c. 
Oostr6, n. inn, lodging, XVII 329. 

[OFr. host(e)rie.~] 
Opan, Opon. See Vpon. 
Opyn, Open, adj. open, v 2, 
XVII 344; manifest, XI b 42. 
Opynly, adv. manifestly, xi* 
52; publicly, xi<5 62. [OE. 
open, open-Ike '.] 
Opynne, Oppen, z>. to open, xvi 

122,194. [OE. openian.'} 
Oplondysch. See Vplondysch. 
Or, tonj. 1 or, I i, &c. ; or ... or, 
either ... or, VIII a 244. [Re- 
duced form of OJ>er, conj.'] 
Or, /.* before, ere (usually with 
subj.), vina 79, x 2, xvi 154 
(see Ware), a#. 156, 278, xvn 
no (see Blyn), 153, 263, &c. ; 
(postponed) xvn 130; lest, 
xiv</ii. [A* next.] 
Or, //*/. before, ere, XVI 224, 
xvn 317, 481. [?OE. &>; pos. 
and compar. (once late Nth. ar) 
infl. by ON. ar, pos.] See 
Ar(e), Er(e). 

Orchard, w. garden, orchard, n 66, 
91, 163; Orchard-side, n 134. 
[OE. ort-geard, orceard.~\ 
Ordayn(e), Ordainy, v. to de- 
cree, establish, appoint, direct, 
arrange, contrive, fashion, &c., 
II 205, xvii 309 ; Ordand, 
XVII 1 19, 468 ; Ordeigne, XII /' 
316; Ordeyn(e), I 55, 148, 
VIH* 57, XI* 125, 132, &c. ; 
Ordand, Ordanit, pa. t. x u, 
34, xvi 25, 226; ordaynede to, 
destined to, IV * 54. [OFr. 
ordener, 3 sg. ordei(g)ne, -aineJ] 



Ordynal(e), -alle, n. a book 
setting out the order and manner 
of church services and ceremonies, 
XI* i, 183, 186. [Med.L. or- 
dinale.} 

Ordenaunse, Ordynaunce, . 
ordinance, decree, law, xia 15, 
* 100, &c. ; preie oure . . . or- 
dynannce, say the prayers we 
have appointed, XI * 38. [OFr. 
ordenance. ] 

Ordre, Order, -yre, n. order, 
rank, vin a 159, XI* 20; //. 
religious orders, Xla6i; the 
(nine) orders of angels, xvi I 10 ; 
moderation, in holde )>e ordyre 
of, keep the rule of, observe 
moderation in, IV* 22. [OFr. 
ordre.~\ 

Orgon, n. diaphony; singing in 
two parts, XI* 138 (note). [OE. 
organ, song, from L. orgamtm.~\ 

Orysun, . praying ; yn orysun, 
at prayer, 117. [OFr. oreisoun.'] 

Oritore, . oratory, chapel, v 122. 
[OFr. oratour, infl. by prec.] 

Orpedly, actively, v 164. [OE. 
~ 



Ost, Host, . (armed) host, army, 

II 290, X 43, 45 ; multitude, 

XIII a 32. [OFr. (h)ost, army.] 

Obea, Othes, n. pi. oaths, v 55, 

xn* 44. [OE. #.] 
0)>er(e), Other(e), -ir(e), -yre; 
Oder, xvn 160; OuJ>er, i, (i) 
Adj. , other, another, other kinds 
of, i 18, 258, IV* 16, 45, v 274, 
1x227, XI1 * I 7i xvn 2 9 8 ("* 
Garn),&c.; Othre, //. XII a 82, 
1 36 ; many oferfolde, see Folde ; 
othere gude, some other good 
(thing), IV * 9 ; o]>er mani, many 
other, II 496 ; pat o]>er, see J?e ; 
]>is of Air daye, the other day, 
XVI 148. (ii) Pron. sg. another, 
some one (something) else, the 
other, i 101, II 324, vi 89, x 22 
(see Aither), &c. ; Ojjerej, gen. 
sg. vi 90 ; if Aon other, each man 
to his neighbour, XVII 112; 
non other, nothing different (from 
what has been said), vil 42, 
VIII inlfod.j a 173; oj>er ofler, 



GLOSSARY 



J>at o}er, see next and f>e ; //. 
(uninflected), others, i an, iv b 
67, 78, v 355, vn 48, x 154, &c. ; 
Othre, //. XII introd., a 41 ; 
Opren, dat. pi. in 53 ; derrist 
of other, most excellent of (illo- 
gically for ' more worthy than ') 
all others, vn 39. [OE. oj>er.] 
See Anojrire, To}>er. 
Oper, Other; Auper, v 225; 
Ouper, Outhire, Owthyre, 

IV b 8, 23, IX 276 ; adv. and conj. 
or, i 3, ii 350, v 39, vili a 305, 
&c. ; oper o)>er, or any one else, 

V 34; oper . . . opct, either . . . 
or, V 148 ; ojier . . . or, I 197, 
iv8, 23, IX 276; introducing 
alternative questions, vili b 34, 
35 ; adv. in or ojter, or else, I 6 ; 
o)>er . . . au]>er, or else, v 225. 
[OE. a-hwxper, a(w)per; o- 
h-w&per, owperl\ See Or 8 , 
Ayther, Eujier. 

Oj)er-while, Other- while, OJjer- 
wyle (vili), adv. on another 
occasion, XVII 213; at other 
times, n 289, 297 ; now and 
again, vili b 52 ; other while 
. . . other while, sometimes . . . 
sometimes, xn a 128. [O)>er, 
adj. + While.] 

Ou. See 3e. 

Ouer(e), Our(e), prep, over, 
i 177, v 246, x 84, iia, &c. ; 
over and above, XI b 150; (of 
time} through, vil 166 (follow- 
ing noun); adv. over, II 578, 
V 164, &c. ; all . . . ouer, all 
over, in all parts, vn 134 (cf. 
next); too, I 130, ivt> 23, 24, 
vi 113, vn 36, &c. [OE. ofer.~\ 

Oueral, adv. everywhere, II 62, 
ao8, xii introd., b 184. [OE. 
ofer all.} 

Ouercast, //. overcast, clouded, 
vn 107, xvii 353. [OE. ofer- 



Ouercomi, 3 5^-. pres. overcomes, 
iv a 68. [OE. ofer-cuman.] 

Ouergrowen, pp. overgrown, v 
113, 122. [OE. ofer + growen, 
PP-] 

Ouerhoghede.//. raised too high, 



iv<*5. [Ouer, adv. + lML.hei)en 
from Heigh.] 

Ouerlaide, pp. covered over, sub- 
merged, xvn 306. [OE. ofer- 
lecgan.~] See Lay. 

Ouermoche, adj. and n. too much, 
vine 255, xi b 219; cf ivb 23. 
[OE. ofer-mycel.~] See Mochel. 

Ouerraght, pa. t. revised, vil 69. 
[OE. ofer + ? riecan ? reccan.} 

Ouersen, v. to supervise, villa 
107. [OE. ofer-seon.'] 

Ouerset, pp. overthrown, defeated, 
XIII a 59. [OE. ofer + settan.~\ 

Ouertake, v. to (re)gain, V 319 
(note). [OE. ofer + ON. taka.] 

Ouerte, adj. open, plain to see, 
vi 233. [OFr. overt.'] 

Ouerturnyt, //. overturned, vil 
148. [OE. ofer + ttirnian (see 
Turhe).] 

Ought, Oust, Ouhte. See Oght, 
Owe. 

Oune. See Owen. 

Oure, n. hour, time, I 188, 189, 
VI 170, 191, &c. ; Houra, 
I 190, vi 195. [OFr. (h}oure.\ 

Our(e); Our(e),Ous,&c.; Ourn. 
See Ouer(e) ; We ; Eorne. 

Out(e), Owt(e), adv. out, I 50, 
iv b 3, xi b 26 (see Charite), 
xvi 18, &c. ; abroad, out of 
doors, vni b 16; as exclam. of 
anger, dismay, &c., XVI 185, 195, 
343 ; out(e] apon the, fie on thee, 
xvii 229, 408. [OE. iit, u(e.'] 

Outguoinge, n. ate outguoinge 
of, on departing from, III 4. 
[From OE. ut-gdn.~] See Go(n). 

Ou)>er, Outhire. See Oj>er(e), 
adj. and conj. 

Outraye, v. to transgress, xivc 
69 (oujt is adv.). [OFr. mit- 
reier.'] 

Oway. See Awai. 

Owe, Owyn, Oje, v. to have ; to 
have (to), be bound (to), ought, 
XI b 6, XV * 4 ; with mixed pers. 
and impers. constr., in vus oje, 
we ought, vi 192 ; to owe, vi 
183 ; Awe, a sg.pres. xvii 171 ; 
Oghte, pa. t. possessed, XII b 
48 ; Ouhte, ought to, VIII b 73 ; 
7 



GLOSSARY 



Au;t, was bound to, II 555. 


Palfray, . palfrey, saddle-horse 


[OE. ago*, pa. t. 5hte.~] 


(esp. for use of women), n 156. 


Owen(e), Owne, adj. own, 1 1 26, 


[OFr. palefrei.'} 


V 391, vni b 63, ix 185, &c. ; 
Oghne, XII a 4; O^ene, III 


Palmer, n. pilgrim (properly one 
that had been to the Holy Land 


introd. ; Oune, xm a 47, b 18, 


and bore a palm-branch in token 


&c. ; Owhen, 11 163, &c. ; 


of this), villa 66. [OFr. 


Awen, v 73, 233 ; Awne, xvi 


palmier.] 


237, XVII 74 ; quasi-sb. in of hire 


Pans. See Pene". 


owne, of their own, IX 188 ; haue 


Fanter, n. snare (for birds) ; fig. 


of myn owen, have property of 


xi b 2 20. [OFr. pantiere.~] 


my own, VIII a 77. [OE. dgen."] 
Owher, adv. anywhere, 11 17. 


Pappe, n. breast, xv/ 1 2. [Chil- 
dren s language.] 


[OE. o-hw&r.~} 


Par, Per (xi I), />>-</.( with French 


Owy; Owr(e); Owte. See 


words), by, through, for, vi 129, 


Awai ; We ; Out(e). 


villa 250, xil a 7, b 1 8, &c. 


Owth, adv. on top, x 6. [? Re- 


(see the nouns) ; transl. (in Fr. 


duction of OE. ufan, ufe- + wij> ; 
cf ME. out-wi}>.~} 


phrases) by for, thurgh, XII b 8, 
xv 0*5, xvn 557, &c. [OFr./ar, 


Owthyre. See Oj>er, conj. 


per.~\ See Paramoure, -aunter, 


Oxe, n. ox, xv/ 5 ; Oxen, pi. ix 


-fay, Perde". 


353,255- [OE.o*a.] 


Paradys,Paradis(e), n. Paradise, 




" 45 376, XVI 48, &c. [OFr. 


Page, . knave, fellow, XVI 125. 


paradis.~\ 


[OFr. page.} 


Parage, . (noble) lineage, vi 59, 


Pay, n. pay, v 179. [OFr. paie.'] 


xiv c 109. [OFr. parage.-] 


Paie, Pay(e), v. to please, satisfy, 


Paramoure, adv. with all (his) 


VIII a 304 ; payes to, is pleasing 


heart, xvn 80. [OFr. par 


to, IV a 29 ; impers. in me paies, 


amour.'] See Par. 


I am pleased, xvi 82 ; to pay, 


Paraunter, Peraunter (ix>, 


n 451, vi 164 (/M/.). villa 87, 


Peraventure (xvn), adv. per- 


xiv d 10 ; Faied, Paid(e), &c., 


haps, v 275, vi 228, ix 272, 


pp. satisfied, content, v 273, 


XVII 503. [OFr. par aventure. ] 


XVI 325, XVII 283 ; paid, VI 224, 


See Auentur(e), Par. 


243. [OFr. payer.} See Apayed. 
Paiement, Payment, n. payment, 


Parceyuet, Persauit, //. per- 
ceived, X 76, xm a 13. [OFr. 


VI 238, XII b 151. [OFr. paie- 


parceiv-re.} 


ment.~] 


Pardoun, n. forgiveness of sins, 


Payn(e), Peyne, w. 1 pain, suffer- 


vin a 66. [OFr. parditn.~] 


ing, torment, I 163, \it> 32, xvi 
4, 122, xvn 547, &c. [OFr. 


Parfay, interj. by my troth, II 31 5, 
339, 382. [OFr. parfei (/ai).] 


peine.'] See Peynen. 


See Fai. 


Payne, . 2 bread, villa 144. 


Parfyt, Perfyte, -file, adj. per- 


[OFr. pain.-} 


fect, IV b 84, vni b 88, IX 3^8. 


Payneme, n. pagan, IX 171. 


[OFr. parfit(e).~] 


[OFr. pai(e~)nisme, sg. collect., 


Parfytnesse, . perfection, perfect 


pagans.] 


conduct, vill b 94. [From 


Palays, n. palace, II 85, 157 (see 


prec.] 


note), 439. [OFr. palais.] 


Parforme, Performe, v. to com- 


Pale, adj. pale, II no, iva 10 ; 


plete, ix 170; to perform, xi b 


wan, chill (connoting 'fatal', 


194, 286. [OFr. parfourmer.~\ 


' ill-omened '), vil 100, 1 16, 125. 


Parisohe, Paryashe, n. parish ; 


[OFr./**.] 


attrib. in i>. prest, p, chirchis, 



GLOSSARY 



I sol, xi b 97. [OFr. faroche, 
paroisse.~] 

Farlement, n. parliament, coun- 
cil, H 216. [Q$r.parlement.~\ 

Parloures, . //. parlours, living 
rooms, xvn 133. [OFr. par- 
lour^ 

Part, . part, share, VI 313, IX 31, 
325, xi b 57, &c. ; more be an 
hundred part, more (by) a 
hundred times, ix 301 (lit. more 
by the hundredth part : the use 
seems modelled on that of ME. 
dele ; see N.E.D., s.v. Deal, i *). 
[OFr. part.'] 

Part(e), v. to divide, share, xii b 
201 ; separate, I 103 ; refl. in 
part me . . . with, part with, 
leave, vn 96 ; Fartinge, -yng, 
n. distribution, XI b 275 ; separa- 
tion, IV a 31. [OFr. partir.] 

Partener(e), n. sharer, ix 325 ; 
parteners of fe endes, sharers 
(in their linguistic peculiarities) 
with the extremes, xin b 55. 
[Qt.*er&n({)er,tafL by Part.] 

Party, Partie, . part, IX i, a, 
x 156, xin* 52, &c. ; side, 
IX 72; party (in legal proceed- 
ing), XII b 215; most party, 
most (part) of, xvii 49. [OFr. 
parti, par tie.} 

Pas, n. pace, gait ; queynt pas (as 
adv.}, with skilful steps, a 300. 
[OFr./a-r.] 

Passage, n. passage, pass, ix 205, 
206. [OFr. passage.'] 

Passe(n), Pas, Pasi (in), v. ; 
Passed, -it, Past(e),/a. /. and 
//. (i) Intr. to pass, proceed, 
go, get, iv b 34, vn 125, villa 
78, xvi 296, &c. ; go one's way, 
depart, pass on, V 61, vn 112, 
vill a 196, xvi 66, 96, 152, 194, 
&c. ; pass away, xi a 9 ; passe 
bi (be), pass (by), V 36, &c. ; 
go over (through), ix 8, 137, 
&c. ; passe the see, go abroad, ix 
308, xili b 39 ; was past to, had 
reached, VII 100 ; //. past, gone 
by, over ,vil 9, ix 317, xvi 105, 
XVII 181, &c. (ii) Trans, to 
cross, go over (through), pass 



(safely), V 3, VII 116, 171, IX 
308, xili b 39, dec, ; to surpass, 
VI 68; passynge, exceeding(ly), 
IX n, 232 ; to pass (time), in 
44. Passed, Passit,//. v&prep. 
past, VI 1 68, x a. Cf. Apassed. 
[OFr. passer.] 

Pater, Pater-noster , . the ' Our 
Father *, Lord's prayer, vi 1 25, 
vill b 48, 91, ix 323, xi a 33, 35. 

Patrones, n. //. patrons, those 
holding advowson, or right of 
presentation to benefices (earliest 
use in E.), vill b 8a. [OFr. 
patron."] 

Fauement, n. pavement, I 194. 
[OYr. pavement.] 

Pece, . piece, vm a 304, ix 46. 



Pees, Fesse, . peace, xivrf 15, 
xvi 66, 396. [OFr./<j,/.] 

Pees. See Pese. 

Feiere, v. to impair, damage, XI b 
250; peierid imperfect, XI* 26. 
[Shortened from Ap(p)eyre, 
Empeyre.] 

Peyne. See Payn(e), '. 

Peynen, v. refl. to take pains, en- 
deavour, ix 272. [OFr. sepener, 
3 sg. peine.] See Payne, w. 1 

Peler, n. robber, xiva 15. [From 
ME.pe/en, OFr.peler, rob.] 

Pelrinage. See Pilgrimage. 

Fenaunce, . penance, V 324, 
vi 117, villa 78,^88. [OFr. 
pen(e}ance.] 

Pen6 (vi), Peny, Penny, . 
penny (a silver coin, a twelfth of 
the shilling), HI 13, vi 150, 186, 
vill a 275, &c. ; penny doyll, see 
Dele, Doyll; Pans,//, pence, 
III 6, 10, &c. (tf. ME. paneyes, 
and OFris. panning}. [OE. 
peni(n}g, pxJi{n')ing.'] See Hal- 
peny. 

Feny-ale, n. ale at a penny a 
gallon, thin ale, vill a 304 (cf. 
Halpeny-ale). [Prec.+OE.a/w.] 

Fennes, n.pl. quills, barrels of the 
feathers, IX 257. [OFr. penned] 

Feopull, People, n. people, vn 
16, 82, XIII* i, &c. ; Peple, 
VIII a 387, ix 165, XI b 19, &c. ; 
7 * 



GLOSSARY 



Pepul(l), vu 145, xvi 194; 


Picche, v. ; picche alwo, ? to 


Poeple, vili a 156; Puple, 


thrust apart, divide (on the 


xi a 13, 20, b 268, xiv b 67, &c. 
[OFr. people, poeple, pztple, &c.] 


sharp point of the pyk-staf}, 
villa 97 ; to pitch, load (hay, 


Peraventure, -aunter. See Par- 


in homing the crop), \\\\b 13. 


aunter. 


[Perh. distinct verbs ; see 


Perce(n), v. to pierce, penetrate, 


N.E.D., s.v. Pitch.] See Pike. 


ix 2 24, xn a 104. [OFr./mw.] 


Pictes, n. pi. Picts, xin b 6. [L. 


Percil, . parsley, villa 281. 


Picti ; cf. OE. Pihtas.] 


[OFr. persil.~\ 


Pie, . magpie, XI b 249, XII a 


Perd6, wfc;?. (by God), indeed, 
XVII 512. [OFr. pardieu, -de.] 


75. [OFr.//*.] 
Pik, Pyk, n. pitch, x 19, xvn 


See Par. 


127,282. [OE./?V.] 


Pereles,-aoy. peerless; unequalled, 


Pike, v. to pick ; piked vp, ? dug 


XVI 4. [From ME., OFr. /-.] 


out (with a pointed implement), 


Perfite, -fyte. ^ Parfyt 
Peril, . peril, villa 87, m,&c.; 


villa 105; Pyke3, 3 //. ?pick 
out, get, VI 2 1 3. [ME. pi(k)ken, 


Perellis, //. vii 116. [OFr. 


with variety of senses prob. due 


peril.'] 


to confusion of distinct words ; 


Peril(l)ojis, Perelous, Perlous, 


see N.E.D.. s.v. Pick, Pike, 


adj. perilous, dangerous, par- 


&c.] 


lous, v 29, vin a 45, xi* 44, 


Pykers, n. pi. pilferers, vm 17. 


XVII 431, &c. [QYr.perillous.] 
Perish, v. to perish, XVII 94, 155. 


[? From prec.] 
Pykstaf, n. pikestaff, staff with 


[OFr, perir, periss-.] 


a spike at lower end, vni a 97. 


Prl(e), . pearl, v 296, VI 16, 


[OE. pu + stsef; cf. ON. (late) 


ix 66, &c. [OFr. perle.~] 


pik-stafr.~] 


Persauit. See Parceyuet. 


Piler, . pillar, n 367. [OFr. 


Person(e), n. person, ix 304, xi a 


Piler.] 


46, xii a 115, xvil 2. [OFr. 


Pylgrym, Pilgryme, n. pilgrim, 


persone.] 


Villa 59, 96, 99, XIII a 48. 


Peso, Peas, n. a pea, v 296, ix 


[OF& Affrfey**, &c. ; cf. OHG. 


48 ; at a pees, at nought, VIII a 


(from Fr.) piligrim.] 


162 ; Pesen, //. peas, pease, 
VHI a 189, 293; Feses, vm 


Pilgrimage, Pylgrymage, &c., 
n. pilgrimage, villa 66, 78, ix 


180. [OE. pise, peose.] 
Pese-coddes, n. pi. peascods, 


325; Pelrinage, xna 12. 
[OFr. pel(c)rinage, pelrimage, 


pea-pods, vin a 287 ; Pese-lof, 
. loaf made of pease-meal, 


peligrinage, &c.] 
Pilwe, n. pillow, xn a 95. [OE. 


villa 172. [Prec. + OE. codd, 


pyle, (once in gloss.) Pylu.] 


klcif.] 


Pyn, n. pin (as a somethinij 


Pesible, adj. tranquil, *xi6 67 


valueless), xvn 364. [OE. 


(MS. posible\ [OFr. paisible, 


pinn.] 


' pesible.] 
Pause ; Pet ; Pete\ See Pees ; 


Pynd, //. confined, penned, xvn 
332. [ME. pinne(n\ or pin- 


Pyt ; Pile. 


de(n); OE. pyndan.] 


Philosophic, K. philosophy, 


Pine, Pyne, n. torment, suffer- 


natural science, ix 77. [OFr. 


ing, grief, I 213, in 9, iva 32, 


philosophie.] 


50, 60, xvn 227, 437; toil, 


Phisik, n. (art, practice, of) medi- 


VI 151 ; pyne to behold, (paren- 


cine, VIII a 266 ; (personified) 


thetic), grievous to see, vu 145 


villa 264. [OFr. fisique, L. 


(cf. Noy, Reuj>e). [OE. */fw j 


. physica.] 


cf. next.] 



GLOSSARY 



Pyne, v. to torment, xvi 4, 219. 
[OE. ptnian.~\ 

Pypynge, . piping, playing on 
pipes, I 6. [OE. *plpiau, from 
pipe, pipe.] 

Pyt, Pitte, Pet (xn), K. hole, 
pit, I 143, xn b 9, n, 29, &c. ; 
pit (of hell), xvi 271, 348. 
[OE.#(Kt. /*//).] 

Pite', Pyte", Pet6, . compassion, 
pity, ii 101, iv b 57, 75, vma 
193; es . . . pyte, is pitiful, iva 
87. [OFr. /itf.] 

Piteuous, adj. full of pity, in 39 ; 
Pytosly, adv. compassionately, 
vi 10. [OFr. pitous ; pi tenons 
is due to anal, of words like 
Plentenous, q.v.~\ 

Pip, . pith, xiv c 90. [OE. 
/>.] 

Placebo, n. Vespers of the Dead, 
vin b 48, XI b 131 (see note). 

Play(e), Pley, n. mirth, rejoicing, 
iv a 59, xvi 392 ; (dramatic) 
play, xi a 34. \O\L.plega.'] 

Play(e), Pleie, v. to play, amuse 
oneself, n 66, xin b 22 ; rejoice, 
XII b 159 ; Playinge, . disport, 
xv a 5. [OE. //<(*).] 

Plain, Playne, a<fj. flat, level, 
11 353 plain, clear, xvi 48 ; 
Playnly, Pleynly, adv. plainly, 
clearly, XI b 43, 47, xvi 267, 
326. [OFr. //.] 

Playni.Pleigne.Pleyne, Pleny, 
v. to complain, III 19, vi 189; 
refl. in pleyned Jiym, made com- 
plaint, vma 152; to sue (at 
law), XII b 215. [QVr.plaindre, 
plaign-.~] 

Planettis, n.pl. planets, xvn 345. 
[L. plane/a.'] See Stame. 

Plas, Place, n. place, I 155, 
n 40, x 152, &c. [OFr. place!\ 

Platen, n. pi. (plates), pieces of 
(silver) money, xv^- 4, 15, 21, 
2 3 (& 'plates' in \Viclifite 
version, Matt, xxvi 15, &c.). 
[OFr. plate.'} 

Plee, n. (plea, lawsuit), quarrel, 
IX 8 1. [OFr. plai(d), plait, 
plef, &c.] See Plete. 

Pleigne, Pleny. See Playni. 



Plente", -ee, . plenty, abundance, 
II 253, via a 156, xin a 63, 
XVI 392 ; quasi-adv. in plettfe, 
abundantly, xvi I 146; more 
plentee, in greater abundance, .ix 
245. [OFr. plent^.'] 

Plcnteuous, adj. abundant, XI b 
265. [OFr. plentivous, -evous.~] 

Plese, v. to please, vi 124, villa 
105, 290, b 89, ix 321 ; Pie- 
synge, . in to pi. of, so as to 
please, *x I b 1 08. [OFr. plaisir, 



Plesance, . pleasure, liking, ix 
327, x introd.', do the plesance, 
perform the pleasant office, XII a 
1 85. [OFr. plaisance, pies-,'] 

Plesant, adj. pleasant, IX 278. 
[OFr. plaisant, pies-.} 

Plete, v. to sue for; claim, vi 203. 
[OFr. plaitier, pleder, &c.] See 
Plee. 

Ply^t, . (liability), offence, v 325. 
[OE./AVJ/.] 

Plijte, v. to plight, pledge, vin a 
35. [OE. plihtan.~\ 

Plom, n. plummet ; as adj. verti- 
cal, straight down (measured by 
the plumb-line), xvn 520. 



Plouman, Plou^man, Plowman, 
w. ploughman, vma 3, 147, 152, 
xiv d 5. [Next + OE. mann.~\ 

Plow(e), . plough, villa 96, 99, 
156, &c. ; Plogh, xvn 534; 
Plowgh, ix 254. [OE. plog 
(a land-measure) ; ON. pldg-r.} 

Plow-fote, . a stave supporting 
the plough-beam and regulating 
furrow's depth, but here appar. 
= ' plough-staff' (c/. other read- 
ings ' plou-l>at'}, a staff ending 
in a small spade for clearing 
earth, &c., from mould-board, 
vin a 97. [Prec. + OE. _/?.] 

Plus, adv. (in French phrase) 
more, vm a 306. See Chaude. 

Poeple. See Peopull. 

Poesie, n. poetry, poem, Xlia i, 
62. [OFr./ttts&j 

Poeuere. See Pouer(e). 

Poyet, Poete, n. poet, vn 33, 47, 
xu introd. [OFr. //*.] 



GLOSSARY 



Poynt(e), Point, n. (i) (sharp) 


viua 143. [OE. postal.'] See 


point, v 324, ix 118; (ii) point 


Apostel. 


(of time or place), vn 100, xn a 
68 ; at the poynt, to hand, ix 


Potage, . (vegetable) soup, vm a 
144. [OFr. potage.} 


3 53 > bryngmc to be poynt, come 


Potful, . potful, vm a 1 80. 


to the point with me, v 216; 


[OE. pott +full (properly adj. 


item, detail, instance, matter, 


with prec. noun).] 


&c., vi 234, vnia 38, ix 287, 


Pound. See Pond. 


xi b 106, xvi 105, 326. &c. 


Pouerlich, adv. in humble guise, 


[OFr. (\)pointe, (n) point.'] 


II 236, 567. [From prec.] 


Poynted, adj. pointed, ix 55, 105. 


Pouer(e), adj. poor, humble, n 


[From prec. (i).] 


430, 486, xii b 20, 36, &c. ; 


Poyaoun, . poison, ix 94. [OFr. 


Poeuere, xi<5 272 ; Poure, in 


poison."] 


48, \\b 20, vni b 82; Pore, 


Poysoun, v. to poison, Vina 293. 


vi 213, vnia 18, xi b 255, &c. ; 


[OFr. poisonner.~\ 
Poletes, n. pi. pullets, chickens, 
vm a 275. [OFr. polete.'] 


aay. //. as sb., poor (people), the 
poor, III 8, 41, vnia 18, &c. ; 
Pouren, dot. pi. in 7. [OFr. 


Polyge (v), Pollis(s)che, Pol- 


pov(e}re, pourel] 


lysch, v. to polish, ix 35, 41, 


Pour-. See Pur-. 


119, 121, &c. ; to cleanse, v 325. 


Power(e), Pouer, Poure, . 


[OFr. polir, poliss-.~] 


ability, power, vni a 35, xn a 


Pond, w. 1 pool, lake, xma 19, 


187, XVI 219; authority, villa 


31, 43, &c. ; Pound, xnia 21, 


143; forces, xiv c 46. [OFr. 


23,. 24, 25. [OE. *piind, cf. 


po(it)eir t pouer.~] 


pyndan.~\ 
Pond, . 2 //. pounds, in 21, 24, 


Pray(e), n. prey, II 313, xvi 175 ; 
fig. (of good things won as prize) 


&c.; Poundis, xi 6 162. [OE. 


vi 79. [OFr. preie.] 


piind.~\ 


Prece, Pres(s), v. to press ; 


Pope, . Pope, i 249, via b 82, 


thrust, force, x 49, 69, &c. ; 


IX 286, XI b 46. [OE. papa.] 


intr. and refl. to press forward, 


Popi, . poppy, xn a 81. [OE. 


hasten, v 29, x 131 ; pressit on, 


popig.-] 


assailed, x 190; hardest pressit, 


Por-. See Pur-. 


most hard pressed, x 150. See 


Porehe, . porch, I 77. [OFr. 


Frees. [OFr. presser ; on forms 


parched] 
Pore. See Pouer(e). 


prece,pre(e]s, see N.E.D.] 
Preche, v. to preach, vm a 143, 


Poret(te) , n. (young) leek or onion, 


xi b 7, 24, xvi 51, &c. ; Prech- 


vni a 281 ; collect, sg. vni a 293. 


inge, -ynge, n. preaching, in 


[OFr. poret, leek ; porette, small 


49, XI b 3, &c. [OFr./m-A(z)-.] 


onion.] 


Precious, Precy(i)ous(e), adj. 


Porful, adj. poverty-stricken, xv/ 


precious, costly, ix 42, 99, xi b 


2. [From Pouer(e), Pore.] 


257 ; precious ston, n 151, 366, 


Porpos. See Purpos. 


IX 123. \OTfT.frecious.] 


Porter, . porter (at the gates), 


Preef, . test, ix 128. [OFr. 


II 380, v 4, &c. [OFr. port(i}er.'] 


proeve.~] See Preue. 


Portos, n. (pi. as sg.} breviary, 


Prees, Press, . press ; crowd, 


xi b 228 (see note). [OFr. porte- 


xn b 213; uproar, commotion, 


hors.'] 


xvi 125. [From Prece, q.v.~\ 


Possyble, adj. possible, VI 92. 


Preeued. See Prene. 


[OFr. possible.] 


Preie, Preye(n), Prey. Pray(e), 


Post(e)les, n. pi. apostles, XV- 


v. to pray, beg, II 534, iv^ 


24, 25 ; itinerant preachers, 


8, vnia 119, 250, *xi b 37, 



GLOSSARY 



xvn 242, Sec. ; Praid, Preide, 
Preyd(e), pa. t. \ 89, n 224, 
VIII a 1 1 7, XII b 69 ; pray, pray 
to, vi 1 24, preye of, beg for, vni a 
38, 117 ; preye to, pray (to), IX 
320. 322 ; Preiynge, n. in p. of 
lippes, prayer with lips (only), 
XI b 89. [OFr. preier.] 

l?reiere, Preyer(e), Pre3er 
(Xiv c), n. prayer, vni a 244, 
b 88, XI* 36, xiv c 78, &.c.', 
preiere in lippis, p. with the lips 
(only), XI b 90. [OFr. preiere.'] 

Preise(n), Preyse, Prayse, v. to 
praise, esteem, v 4, vma 102, 
* 31, XI* 176, 182. [OFr. 
preis(t)er] See Prese, Prys, 
Prist. 

Preostes. See Prest(e), . 

Pres(s). See Prece, Prees. 

Prese, n. praise, great worth, vi 
59. [Stem of Preise(n) with 
AFr. monophthongization.] 

Presence, . presence, ix 94, 
xil * 127, &c. [OFr. presence] 

Present(e), adj. present, IX 128, 
336 ; as sb. in in your presente, 
in your presence, vi 29. [OFr. 
present.'] 

Present, n. present, gift, I 123, 
VIII a 42, 290. [OFr. present.] 

Presente, v. to give gifts to, ix 24. 
[OFr. presenter] 

Prest, adj. prompt, quick, vina 
190, xiv * 67 ; Prestly, adv. 
promptly, villa 87. [OFr. 
prest.] 

Prest(e), n. priest, I 8, 9, in 49 
(Jat.'), 53, &c.; Preost, xi* 291. 
[OE. preoit] 

Presthod, . priesthood, XI * 47. 
[OE. preost-had.] 

Pretermynable, adj. who pre- 
determines, fore-ordains, vi 236. 
[Appar. invented for rhyme from 
pre + terminable used actively.] 

Freua, Preeue, v. to prove, show, 
vn 47, ix 298 ; to test, ix 297 ; 
to approve, IX 305. [OFr. 
preuv-, proev-, &c. accented 
stem of prover] See Preef, 
Proue. 

Pryde, Pride, . pride, magni- 



ficence, iv a 59, * 14, xi* 55, 
xvii 543, &c. ; of pryde, 
proud, xvi 182. [OE. pry do] 
See Proude. 

Priis. See Prys. 

Prike, v. to spur ; intr. gallop, II 
141, xiv a 1 5. [OE. prician, to 
prick.] 

Pryme, n. prime, first division of 
the day according to the sun 
(varying with the season), or 
a fixed period 6-9 a.m. ; height 
pryme, fully prime, end of the 
period of prime, about 9 a.m., 
villa 106. [OE.prTm, from L. 
prwia (hora)] 

Prymer, . devotional manual, 
vm* 48 (note). [Origin of 
name doubtful ; see M.E.D] 

Primerole, . primrose, xv 9, 
10, 13. \OYr.primerole] 

Prynce, Prince, n. prince, v 4 
(i.e. Sir Gawayne), xiv c 59, xvi 
1 8 2 , &c. [OFr. prince] 

Princypall, Principal!, adj. and 
. chief, IX i, 28, xvi in ; 
Principaly, adv. in the first 
place, xi * 96. [O'?!. principal, 
or L. principalis] 

Pryour, n. priory, vm* 95. 
[OFr.priorie ; with this form of 
the suffix cf. Oritore.] 

Prys, Prise, Priis (11), . worth, 
excellence, v 296, vi 59 ; of 
priis, &c., worthy, excellent, 
noble, II 51, 64, 249, V 330, vii 
47. [OFr. pris, earlier prieis] 
See Preise(n), Prist. 

Prisoune, Prison, n. prison, XI* 
126, xvi 220 (or rtz.& prisounes, 
prisoners ; see note). [OFr. 



Frist,//, esteemed, vn 33. [OFr. 
pris(i}er] See Preise(n). 

Frocessioun, . procession ; 
pomp, II 587. [OFr. pro- 
cession] 

Proferi, Profre, v. to offer, n 
434, v 278, vni a 25, xn* 122, 
&c. \Qt. pro/rir ; proferer.] 

Profession, n. declaration ; vows 
(on entering religious order), 
in singular prof., special vows, 



GLOSSARY 



as opposed to the regular vows 


VII 178 ; putt up, hoist, VII 125, 


taken by all priests, XI b 101. 
[OFr. profession.] 


xvn 153. \O\L. pullian.] 
Puple. See Peopull. 


Profit, . profit, VIII b 107. [OFr. 


Puplisshid, //. (rime requires 


profit] 


pupliit}, openly declared, xvi 59. 


Profit-, Profytable, adj. profit- 


\OYr.puplier + -is(h} from other 


able, advantageous, villa 270, 


verbs of Fr. origin.] 


xiii b 68. [OFr. profitable] 


Purchase, Porchase, Pourchaoe, 


Prologe, n. prologue, vn 96. 


v. to acquire, obtain, VI 79, 


\VVr.prologue] 


vni* 81, xn a 18. [OFr. 


Property, n. property, special 
virtue, VI 86. [OFr. propriete] 


P(o}urchac(i]er] 
Pure, Puire, adj. pure ; elegant, 


Prophet(t)e, n. prophet, xi b 18, 


seemly (cf. Clene), v 330 ; utter, 


xvg 9, xvi 267, &c. [OFr. 


sheer, villa in, ix 31, xiv c 


prophete, L. propheta] 


13. [OFr./ttr.] 


Propheoye, Prophioye, n. pro- 


Pure(n), v. to purify, v 325, ix 45. 


phecy, IX 216, xvi 27. [OFr. 


[OFr. purer] 


prophecie] 


Purgatorie, n. Purgatory, vni a 


Prophicied, pa. t. prophesied 


45. [L. Purgatorium] 


(MS. prophicie), xvi 188. 


Purge, v. to purge out, iv* 77. 


[From prec.] 


[OFr./iy(i>r.] 


Propre, ad/, proper^ separate, ix 
187 ; Propurly, adv. properly, 
rightly (or of my own knowledge, 


Purper, adj. purple, 11 242. [OFr. 
purpre; cf. OE. purpu rcn] 
Purpos(e), Pourpos, Porpos, . 


at first hand), ix 264. [OFr. 


intention, purpose, resolve, iv* 


propre] 


73, vi 148, vn 118, xn a 21, 


Proude, Prowd(e), adj. magni- 


XIV b 39 ; put in a p., resolved, 


ficent, glorious, II 3716 ; proud, 


vn 112. [OFr. po(u)rpos] 


haughty, arrogant, V 36, 201, 


Purpose(n), v. to intend, xi b 1 10. 


vni a 191, xv* 32, &c. ; prow- 


[OFr. po(u]rposer] 


dist of pryde, greatest in pride 


Purs, . purse, xil b 157, 173, 182. 


(or splendour), xvn 543 ; 


[OE. purs] 


Prowdly, adv. out of pride, 


Puraewe, Pursuen, Poursuie, 


xvil 17. [OE. prut (rarely 


v. to follow, pursue, ix 229, 


prud), from OFr. prout, 


xn b 7 ; persecute, torment, ix 


prou(d}, valiant.] 


93 ; pursewe to, go eagerly to, 


Proue, Prufe, v. to prove ; de- 


xvi 316. [OFr. pursiwer, pur- 


monstrate, show, x 74, xvi 


suer] 


355 ; test, try, xvn 460. [OFr. 


Purvaye, Purueye (to}, to pro- 


f rover', cf. OE. profian] See 


vide, prepare (for), xvi 69, xvil 


Preue. 


553- [OFr. po(u}rveier] 


Prow(e) (to}, n. benefit, good (of), 


Putte(n), Puit (xiv<r), v.; 


IV b 82, xvi 220, 326; may to 


Put(te), pa. t. and pp. ; to 


prow, may be of benefit ('prow' 


thrust, iv* 3, 10, x 187, xvi 


prob. apprehended as infin.), I 


259, xvil 39 ; to put, set, vn 


introd. [OFr. prou] 


ii2(jPurpos),vnia 191, xil* 


Fsalme, n. psalm, vni a 246 ; 


141, xiv c 12, xvil 21 ; to im- 


Seuette Psalmes, the Seven Peni- 


pose, xi a 64; putte awey, do 


tential Psalms, vni b 49; note 


away with, XI * 127 ; putten 


allit. with s. [OE. (p}saZm, 


errour in, impute error to, XI * 


L. psalmus] 


77 > put to pwto, set them- 


Puire, Puit. See Pure, Ptitte(n). 


selves to the task, vn 33 ; putten 


Pull, v. ; Puld, pa. t. ; to drag, 


hem into, put out on, IX 183 ; 



GLOSSARY 



put vnt payn, set in torment, 
xvn 547 ; putte wryten, set in 
writing, ix 318. [OE. putian, 
Wan, potian ; see N.E.D.~\ 

Qu(h>. See also Wh-. 

Qualitoe, n. degree (of goodness), 
question of how good, IX 335. 
[OFr. qualitt.-} 

Quantytee, Quantity . limita- 
tion of greatness, question of 
how great, IX 336 ; capacity, 
quantity, X 26. [OFr. quant iti.] 

Quarell, n. cross-bow bolt, ix 
258. [OFr. quar(r}el.'\ 

Quap, Quath, pa. t. sg. quoth, 
said, n 127, vin b 26, &c. ; 
Quat}, vin a 3 ; Quod, v 58, 
vi6i,&c. [OE. cw&p.~} 

Queer, . choir, vin b 63, xi b 
172. [OFr. cuer.~] 

Queynt, adj. skilful, elegant, n 
299, 300 (see Pas) ; Koyntly, 
adv. cunningly, v 345. [OFr. 
cointe, queinte, &c.] 

Quelle, Qwell, v. to kill, destroy, 
iv a 92, v 41. [OE. civellan.~\ 

Queme, <#'. pleasant, V 41. [OE. 
cweme.~] 

Quen. See Whan(ne). 

Quen(e), Queen(e), . queen, II 
51, 71, vi 55, ix ioo,xua 195, 
&c. [OE. 0i.] 

Querele, n. (legal) complaint, 
accusation, xn b 209. [OFr. 
querel(l}e.-\ 

Questioun, n. question, IX 178. 
[OFr. questioun.~\ 

Quhedirand, pres. p. whirling, 
or whirring, X 92. [Cf. Early 
ME. to-hwideren, -hwtSeren, 
whirl to pieces ; OE. hwaper- 
ian, make a rushing noise.] 

Quhelis, . //. wheels, x 17. 
[OE. kwi(o)L\ 

Quhen ; Quhill. See \Vhan(ne), 
WML 

Quyk, adj. alive, v 41. [OE. 
cwic.~\ 

Quyte ; Qwyte, Qwite (xvn) ; 
v. to pay, repay, V 176, 256, VI 
235, xvn 216, 228 ; Quitte,//. 
paid, vai a 92. [OFr. quiter.~] 



Quite, Quyte. See Whyyt. 

Quo(m); Quod. 6"Who; QuaJ>. 

Qwake, v. to tremble, iva 61. 
[OE. cwacian.] 

Qwart, . health ; mase in qwari, 
heals, iv a 15. [ON. kvirt, 
(neut. adj.) untroubled.] 

QwUes. See Whiles. 

Bace, Base, . headlong course, 

XVII 429 ; onslaught, violent 

blow, v 8. [ON. rds infl. by 

senses of related OE. rajj.] 
Bajt, Baid. See Reche ; Ride. 
Bayle, v. to order, array, xv# 13. 

[OFr. retller.} 
Bayn, v. to rain, xvn 147 ; 

Benys, //. are rauiing down, 

xvn 351. [OE. regnian.] 
Bayn(e), n. 1 rain, vn 109, 132, 

xvn 445 ; Beyn(e), I 162, 

xin a 1 8. [OE.ng.J 
Bayne, n? rein, v 109. [OFr. 

raigne, rainne, &c.] 
Baysede, //. uplifted, iv b 71. 

[ON. nisa.-] 
Bake, n. path, v 76, 92. [OE. 

racu, water-course, or ON. rdk, 

streak (Norw. dial raak, path).] 
Bam-skyt, n. a term of abuse, 

xvii 217. [OE. ra;w-fON. 

skita.} 

Ban(ne). See Ryn. 
Bandoune, n. ; in a randoune, 

with a rush, x 102. [OFr. en 

un ratidon.~] 
Banke, aiij. brave, fine, vn 122. 

[OE. ranc.'] 
Bapo,w.r/f. to hasten, Vina 112, 

b 108. [ON. hrapa.1 
Bapely, adv. hastily ; quickly, v 

151; rashly vi 3. [ON. hrapal- 

liga.-\ 

Eapes ; Base. A^Ropis; Race. 
Bather, adv. earlier, vina 112. 

[OE. hraJ>or.-\ 
Bathly, adv. quickly, XIV b 6. 

[OE. krxp-lice.] 
Baton, . rat, xvz 1,9, 18. [OFr. 

raton.~\ 
Babeled, pp. entwined, v 226. 

[See N.E.D. s.vv. Raddle, v 1 ., 

Ratheled."} 



GLOSSARY 



Baue, v. rave, talk foolishly, vi 3. 

[OFr. raver.} 
Bavyn, n. raven, xvn 479, 499. 

[OE. hrmfn.} 
Bauyache, v. to carry off captive, 

carry away, iv a 16 ; Beue- 

y(se)d, pp. ii 82. [OFr. ravir, 

raviss-.} 

RawejRawJje. <$V<rRowe;Reu)>e. 
Real, adj. royal, II 356. [OFr. 

real.} 
Beame, n. realm, kingdom, vin l> 

78 ; Beume, xi a 25, 32, 52 ; 

Bem(e), vi 88, xm b 47, 48 ; 

Boialme, ix 261. [OFr. 

re(i)alme, re(a)ume ; later 

roialme.} 

Reasoune. See Reson. 
Rebalde, n. Rascal, xvi 99. 

[OFr. ribauld.} See Rybaudry. 
Bebuke, v. to rebuke, vi 7, via b 

86. [ONFr. rebuk(i)er.~\ 
Beceyue, v. to receive, take, VIII b 

73 ; Bes(s)ayue, v 8, xvi 390 ; 

Bespeyued,//. xi 265. [OFr. 

receiv-re.} 
Beche, Recche, v* to reck, care, 

villa 114; me no reche, I care 

not (mixed pen. and intpers. 

constr.), II 342. [OE. reccan.} 
Beche, v. 2 to give, v 256 ; Ba^t, 

pa. t. v 229; Ba^te^, 2 sg. v 

283. [OE. rxcan, rxhte, rakte.} 
Reches, . sg. riches, iv 6 61. 

[OFr. ricAesse."] 
Becorde, v. to ponder, go over in 

one's mind, ix 317 ; record, XII 

introd. ,6 ill. [OFr. recorder^ 
Beooueren, v. to regain, ix 131. 

[OFr. recovrer.~\ See Keuer(e). 
Becuyell, . compilation, VII 

introd. [OFr. recueil.~] 
Bed(e), adj. red, n 107, xiv 41, 

XV e 19 ; red(e) gold, red gold, 

II 150, 362. [OE. read.} 
Bed^e), . advice, in 51 (dat.~); 

counsel, plan, in canno other red, 

sees nothing else for it, xn 102 

(<-/. Wane, .). [OE. rsed, red.} 
Bed(e), Bedyn, Beede, v. to ad- 
vise, counsel, iv a 45, v 43 (note), 

vin b 108, xiv c 97, xvii 341, 

&c. ; to read, n r, IV b 9, X in- 



trod., xu a 112, &c. ; to read 
aloud, i 14 ; to reckon, vin b 
73 ; to think, xvn 427 ; hard 
red (inf.), heard read, XVII 46 ; 
Bet (OE. ratt, ret), 3 sg. pres. 
reads, III 3, 16 ; Bade,//, read, 
xvi 317. [OE. r&dan, redan, 
str., later wk.] 

Bedere, . reader, ix 321. [OE. 
rsedere.} 

Bedi, Bedy, adj. prompt, ready 
(to hand), ii 380, vi 231, x 34, 
xu b 119, xvi 394; at reify, 
prompt(ly), xvi 120; Bedyly, 
adv. promptly, V 256. [Ex- 
tended from OE. (ge-}rxde.} 

Bedresse, v. to redress, set right, 
XII b 206. [OFr. re-dresser.} 

Reformed {of), pp. changed back 
to his proper form (from), XII a 
19. [OFr. reformer.} 

Befuseb, pres. pi. reject, vin b 82. 
[OFr. refuser.} 

Beghtewysnes, Beghtwysely. 
See Ryghtwyse. 

Begioun, . region, ix 161, xu a 
13. [OFr. regioun} 

Begne, . kingdom, vi 141. 
[OFr. regne.} 

Begni, Begne, v. to reign, n 425, 
ix 339. [OFr. regtter.} 

Beherce, Beherse, v. to repeat, 
XI a 4, XII a 103 ; Beher- 
cyng(e), n. recounting, ix 274, 
279. [OFr. re fiercer.} 

Bey 11, n. reel, xvi I 298 (see 
Garn). [OE. hreol.} 

Beynand. See Ren. 

Beyny,a<#. rainy.xna 53. [OE. 
regnig.} See Rayn(e), w. 1 

Bele, v. to reel, behave wildly, 
sway (in combat) ; rele as vs 
like), let us fight as fiercely as 
we please, v 178. [Prob. re- 
lated to Reyll.] 

Belece, v. to release, v 274. 
[OFr. relaissier, relesser.} 

Belees, Beles, n. release, dis- 
charge, vni a 84, xvi 288, 290. 
[OFr. reles.} 

Releif, Beleue, v. to relieve, give 
relief to, X 151, 161, XI b 255. 
[OFr. relever.} 



GLOSSARY 



Religioun, n. religious rule, or 
order, vm a 145. [OFr. 
religion.'] 

Kelikes, n.pl. heirlooms, precious 
things, vii 122. [OFr. relique.'} 

Kem(e). See Reame. 

Remerabraunce, n. recollec- 
tion, vm b ii. [OFr. remem- 
bra(t)nce.~\ 

Remene (to}, v. to compare (to), 
interpret (as), XIV c 41. [] OFr. 
remener, bring back; senses seem 
dne to assoc. with Mene, z>.*] 

Remisaioun , . discharge, par- 
don, vma 84. [OFr. remis- 
sioun."] 

Remytte, v. to hand on, refer (for 
consideration), IX 296. [L. 
retniltere.'] 

Remnaunt, Remenaunte, n. 
remainder, v 374, 333, vm a 
94. [OFr. remenantJ] 

Remorde, pp. afflicted, VI 4. 
[OFr. remord-re.} 

Remwe, v. to take away, VI 67. 
[OFr. remuerJ] 

Ren, Renne, v. to run, xiv b 6 ; 
to flow, IX 179, xn a 84; 
'Reynand, pres. p. xvn in ; 
see Ryn. [ON. retina."] 

Renys. See Rayn, v. 

Renk, . knight, man, V 138 (see 
note), 178, 269. [OE. n*e.] 

Renne-aboute, Gad-about, Vaga- 
bond, vm a 142. [From Ren.] 

Renoun, Renowne, n. renown, 
glorious name, in of renoun, 
renouns (pi. in Fr. constr., with 
ref. to several persons), I 248, 
ii 202, Xiv 6 Si. [OFr. renoun.'] 

Rent, //. torn, vn 147. [OE. 
rendan."] 

Rental, . rent-book, vino 84 
(see note). [OFr. rental] 

Rentes, n. revenues from property, 
VIII b 77, XI b 96. [OFr. rente.'] 

Reparde, //. shut off, barred, vi 
251. [O Fr. re- + M E. parr en. ] 

Repe, v. to reap, vm b 15. [OE. 
rfpan ; on stem-vowel see 
N.E.D. s.v. Reap,} 

Repent(e), v. to repent, xvn Si, 
91, 117. [OFr. repenlii;~] 



Repentance, . repentance, xvn 
56. [OFr. repentance."] 

Repereyue, . head-reaper, har- 
vest-overseer, vm* 15. [OE. 
rip, harvest (or stem of prec.) + 
rjj/itz.] See Reue, n. 

Repleye, v. xvi 380 (see note). 
[Cf. OFr. repley(i]er, &c. or 
replevir; see N.E.D. s.vv. 
Kepledge, Rephvy, &c.] 

Repren6, v. to reprehend, find 
fault with, vi 184. [OFr. 
reprendre, preign-.~\ 

Repreue, Reprouen (of), v. to 
reprove (for), V 201, XI b 187. 
[OFr. rej>ro(ii)ver, repreuv-J] 

Reprufe, n. disgrace, XVII 84. 
[OFr. repro(u}ve.'] 

Rerd, Rurde (v), n. loud voice 
v 269, xvn 230; noise, v 151 
(see Rnsche), xvu 101. [OE. 
reord.} 

Rert, //. ? (aroused), ready, vi 
231. [OE. r&ran.} 

Res(s)ayue, Resceyued. See 
Receyue. 

Rescowe, Rescoghe, . rescue, 
v 240 ; mat) rescoghe, ? comes to 
the rescue (cf. make reschewes, 
Morte Arthure 433), vi 250 (see 
note). [Stem of ME. rescoueti, 
v., OFr. resconrre."] 

Resette, . (place of) refuge, 
shelter, v 96. [OFr. rw*6] 

Residue, . residue, villa 94. 
[OFr. residu.'] 

Reson, Resoun(e), Reasoune, 
n. reason, (good) sense, villa 
311, xi a 30, 48, b 6, xn* 225, 
xvn 501, &c. ; (personified) 
vm* 5, &c. ; what is reason- 
able, xvi 263 ; reasoning, xvi 
255 ! argument, saying, xvi 337; 
by reson, as a logical conse- 
quence, xvn 81 ; motive, in by 
patresoune, with that intent, xvi 
248. [OFr. raison, re(i)son."] 

Resonabele, adj. reasonable, vi 
163. [OFr. resonable.'] See 
Vnresounable. 

Restay, v. to stop ; intr. to pause, 
vi 77. [OFr. resteir-, see 
N.E.D. , s.v. Stay, v.] 



GLOSSARY 



Bestor(e), v. to restore, v 215, 
xvi 13, xvii 29; trwe mon 
trtvt restore, let an honest man 
honestly restore (another's pro- 
perty), v 286. [OFr. restorerl\ 

Bet. See Red(e), v. 

Beue, . reeve, manager of an 
estate, vi 182, XI b 288. [OE. 



. 

Beue, v, to rob, steal, iv 20; 

constr. with dot. pron. of per- 

son deprived, iva 83, xvc 31. 

[OE. rfafian.-] 

Beuey(se)d. See Rauysche. 
Beuel, v.. revel, v 333. [OFr. 

reveler.] 
Beuerence, . reverence ; at per., 

out of respect, V 138 ; do a r., 

make an obeisance, xii< 128. 

[OFr. reverenced] 
Beuerae, v. to reverse, counter- 

mand, XI a 15. [OFr. reverser."] 
Beuest, fa. t. (reft.) vested, 

robed (himself), I 70. [OFr. 

revestir.~\ 
Beulis, n. pi. rales, XI b 203. 

[OFr. reule.'} See Rewle. 
Beume. See Reame. 
Beupe, Bawpe.tt. (mental) pain, 

grief ; hedde r.Jierof, was grieved 

at that, III 20; r. to here, 

grievous to hear, v 136 (cf. 

Noy, Pine). [Extended with 

suffix -p from OE. hriow; cf. 

ON. htygB.} See Rewe(.ful). 
Be-ward(e), n. regard, considera- 

tion, in take} r. of (to), give a 

thought (to), xiv c 105-7 ! re- 

ward, vi 244, xii b 42. [ONFr. 

reward^ 
Bewardep, 3 sg. pres. gives 

reward, vm b 32. [ONFr. 

rewarder.^ 
Bewfe), v. to rue, regret, n 570, 

XVII 202 ; it shal him rtwe, he 

shall rue it, xva 23. [OE. 

hreowan, pers. and impers.] 
Beweful, Buful (v), adj. rueful ; 

piteous, II 114; grievous, V 8. 

[OE. hreow+ful/.} 
Rewle, v. to guide, xvii 429. 

[OFr. reuler.] See Reuiis. 
Bybaudry, n. ribaldry, coarse 



jesting, ii 9. [OFr. ribauderie^\ 
See Rebalde. 

Bibbes, .//. ribs, ix 257. [OE. 
ril>t>.~] 

Biche, Byohe, adj. of high rank, 
noble, ii 326, 446, vm b 26, 
xv^- 18, &c. ; wealthy, m 52, 
&c. ; splendid, costly, rich, II 
81, 161, 356, &c. ; high (feast), 
v 333; quasi-sb.-nxA&K (steed), 
V 109; adv. (or predic. adj.) 
richly, n 362. [OE. rice ; OFr. 
riche.'} 

Byche,. kingdom, vi 241. [OE. 
rice.~\ See Heuenryche. 

Byched, //. directed; intended, 
V 138. [OE. reccan, but form 
prob. due to confusion with ME. 
richen, rucken (OE. *ryccan), 
draw.] 

Bicht, Byoht. See Right. 

Bydde, v. to separate (com- 
batants), v 178. [Blend of OE. 
hreddan, rescue, and ON. ryfy'a, 
rid.] 

Bide, Byde, v. to ride, II 340 
(subj.), 347, v 39, 76 (note), &c., 
Baid, pa. t.sg x 1 49 ; Bod(e) ; 
I 62, v 21, xva 4; him rod, 
sailed, \l\c6i ; Biden, //. II 
308 ; Byden, pp. gone on mili- 
tary service (as knights), VIII b 
78. [OE. rtdan.'] 

Bifild, pp. despoiled, xiv a j6, 
17. \OFt. rt/ler.-] 

Bife, adj. plentiful, vn 122. 
[Late OE. ryfe, *rlfe.'] 

Byfls. See Ryue. 

Bigge, . back, II 500 ; Bugge, 
x\- 4. [OE. hrycg.-} 

Bight, Byght, Bihte (xn), adj. 
right, proper, true, Xlla 124, 
xvi 255, xvii 471, &c. ; right 
(hand), IX 70. [OE. riht.'} 

Bight, Byght, BijtXe), Byjt, 
Biht (xn, xiv c) ; Bicht, 
Bycht (x) ; adv. straight, right, 
ii 100, 186, v 94, &c. ; ful ri)t, 
straight (away), II 85, 191 ; 
ryght vprise (cf. Vpperight), 
rise Up, xvi 31 ; correctly, XVII 
139 ; exactly, just, right, I 94, 
H 166, v 236, IX 64, X introci., 



GLOSSARY 



102, xii a 146, xvii 513, &c. ; 
richt evin, just, x 93 ; (with 
neg.) at all, vi 160, villa 145, 
b b6, xvii 524, &c. ; very, ix 
150, x 138, xiv c 10, &c. [OE. 
rihte.] 

Bight, Byght, Byjt, . right, 
xiv b 37 ; justice, v 278, vi 136, 
231 ; just cause, vni b 78 ; by 
J>e way of ryjt to aske dome, 
if they demand an award ace. to 
strict justice, vi 220; By3tes, 
Bijttis, //. duties, XI b 203; 
obligations, V 274. [OE. riht.] 

Bight, pa. t. corrected, vu 69. 
[OE. rihtan.~] 

Bightfull, adjust, ix 82 ; Bi;t- 
fulleste, super!, xi b 193. [OE. 
(late) riht-ful.] 

Byghtfulnesse, n. Justice, vni b 
32. [From prec.] 

Byghtwyse,tf<#. righteous, IV b 7 ; 
Beghtwysely, adv. righteously, 
IV b 55 ; Beghtewysnes, n. 
righteousness, iv b 80. [OE. 
rihlwls (rehtwis), -foe, -nes.] 

Hi}tes ; alto rijtes, quite correctly, 
fittingly, II 136 ; to his rijtes, as 
he should be, fittingly, n 292. 
[Extension of to rijt, according 
to what is right (see Right, .), 
with adv. -es.] 

Byrne, n. riming poem, I introd. ; 
Bymys, pi. (trivial) popular 
poems, I 14; Byrne couwee, 
see Couwee. [OFr. rime. ] 

Byn, v. to run, flow, pass swiftly, 
x 17, xvii 101,277, 305, 357; 
Ban(ne), pa. t. I 155, iv a 9 
(note), x 107 ; Bunne, //. in 
be runne, may have mounted 
up, vi 163. [OE. rinnatt.'] See 
Eorne, Ren(ne). 

Binde,.bark,H26o. [OE.rtnd.] 

Byne, v. to touch, v 223 (see 
note). [OE. Annan.] 

Bynge, v. to ring, resound, XV b 
12; Bonge, pa. t. V 136; 
Ry(n)kande, pres. p. V 269 
(confus. of ng, nk, freq. in this 
poem). [OE. hr'mgan, wk.] 

Byot, n. strife, violence, ix 83. 
[OFr. riot(e}.} 



Bype, Bipe, adj. ripe, vni a 289, 

IX 140. [OE. rtpe.] 
Bis, . leafy spray, II 305. [OE. 

/iris.] 
Bise, Ryse, v. to rise, \\ a 62, 

v 1 7, xvi 394, &c. ; Bos, pa. 

t. sg. VI 77, 146, 159 ; Byse, 

//. i 208; Bysen, //. xva 

442 ; Bysing, n. resurrection, 

xvi 317. [OE. d-rtsan.] 
Byste, n. repose, rest, iv 10 ; 

Best(e), n 74, iv a 3, &c. [OE. 

rest; on y-form see N.E.D. s.v. 

Rest.] 
Byste, Best(e), v. to rest; intr. 

iv b 42, v 263 ; refl. iv b 38, ix 

20. [OE. restan ; see prec.] 
Byue, v. to tear (asunder), cleave, 

v 222 (note) ; Byfis, 3 sg.prcs. 

intr. is torn, xvii 399 ; Boue, 

pa. t. v 278 ; Byue,#>. i 121. 

.[ON.rJfa.] 
Biueling, n. a rough shoe (as 

nickname for a Scot), xiva 19. 

[OE. rifeling.] 
Biuer(e), Byuer(e), n. river, n 

160, 308, ix 1 3, xn a 85, xill a 

16, &c. [Or. fivere.] 
Bo, n. peace, XVII 237. {OE. 

row, ON. ro.] 
Bobbe, v. to rob ; Yrobbed,//. 

Ill 18; Bobbing, n. XIV b 6. 

[OFr. robber.] 
Bobbere, . robber, xiva 6. 

[From prec. ; OFr. robbour.~\ 
Bobe, . robe, n 81. [OFr. 

robe.] 
Boc, Bokke, n. rock, v 76, 130, 

XV- 12. [Cf. OE. gloss stan- 

rocc, scopulus; OFr. ro(f)<fue.] 
Boche, . rock, n 347, v 131, IX 

33, 62, &c. ; Booch(e), xm 

21,22. [OFr. roche.] 
Boch6, adj. rocky, v 226. [From 

prec.] 

Bod(e). See Ride. 
Bode, n. 1 rood, cross, villa 94, 

xiv<:73. [OE. rod.] 
Bode, w. 2 rosy hue, fair face, II 

107, xv b 13. [OE. rudu.] 
Bof, adj. rough ; grievous (with 

sore), or t n. gash, v 278 (note). 

[(i, As next with alteration of 



GLOSSARY 



final spirant (cf. J>of), though 

this is not the usual form of 

'rough* in this text, (ii) Re- 
lated to Ryue, .] 
Ro}(e), adj. rough, rugged, V 94, 

109, 130; Rouh, XIV c 37; 

Howe, ii 365, 459 (see Blac) ; 

Bu$e, V 98. [OE. ruA, rug-, 

riiw-.] 

Boialme. See Reame. 
Royis, 2 sg. pres. talkest folly, 

xvi 99. [Unknown.] 
Bok.w. distaff, xvil 338. [Cf.ON. 

rokk-r, MDu., MLG. rocke(n).] 
Rokke. See Roc. 
Bomayn, n. a Roman, vn 69. 

[OFr. remain.'] 
Bomauce, n. (French) romance, 

story, xiv b heading. [OFr. 

romanz.~\ 
Borne, v. to wander, make one's 

way, V 130, VIII b n. [ME. 

forms point to OE. *rdmian.] 
Booch(es). See Roche. 
Booris, 2 sg. pres. roarest, XVI 99. 

[OE. rarian] 
Roojmr. See Ro}>ur. 
Bopia, Bapes, n. pi. ropes, vn 

147, xiv b 68. [OE. rAp.} 
Boa. See Rise. 
Bose, . rose, xv 13,^ 19. [OE. 

rose from L. rosa.] 
Bote, n> root, v 226, vi 60 

(origin), VIII a 97, XIV c 82 ; 

Bote, pi. (or collect. SP.\ n 256, 

260. [ON./.] 
Bote, . 2 way, in bi rote, on the 

way, v 139. [OFr. rote.'] 
Boted, /a. /. rotted, I 236. [OE. 

rotian.] 
Bopur, Boojrar, n. rudder, xiv c 

25, 29, 36. 57- [OE. rfffor.-] 
Boue ; Bouh. A* Ryue ; Roj(e). 
Roun(e), n. speech, voice, xv b 2, 

29 (see note), c 36; [OE. run} 
Bound, adj. round; adv. in al 

aboitte round (as prep?) round, 

xn a 79; Boundnesae, n. 

roundness, IX 67. [OFr. room/, 

round.] 
Bout(e), n\ host, company, 

(great) number, II 283, X 176, 

XII b 118, xiv a 16 ; an a route, 



in a mass, tumultuously, XVII 

305. [OFr. route.] 
Bout, . a roar, loud noise, x 92. 

[Stem of OE. hrutan, or ON. 

rauta ; .w Rowtyn.] 
Bouwed,/a. /. rowed, xiv<: 61. 

[OE. rowan, str.] 
Bo we, Bawe, . row, vi 185; 

be rowe (rawe), on rawe, in 

(due) order, in turn, xvA 15, 

xvi 3 1 7, 401. [OE. raw.] 
Bowe. A<r Ro}(eX 
Bowtyn, pres. pi. they crash, 

beat, XV A 15. [OE. hrutan\ 

but see N.E.D. for various 

sources and senses of Rout. n. 

and v.] 
Bude-evyn, . eve of the feast of 

the (Exaltation of the) Cross, 

X 42. [OE. rod + teftn.'] See 

Rode, n.i 

Buful. See Reweful. 
Bugge ; Bu;e. See Rigge; Ros(e). 
Bugh-fute,. rough-footed, xiv a 

19. [OE.riih+jot.] SeeRo)(e), 

Fote. 
Buysand, pres. p. glorifying, in 

r. hyme of, glorying in, taking 

credit to himself for, IV b 80. 

[ON. krosa ser.] 

Bunne ; Rurde. See Ryn ; Rerd. 
Buache, v. to rush ; make a loud 

rushing noise, v 136; rusched 

on pat rurde, went on with 

that rushing noise, V 151. 

[Echoic, but app. based on OFr. 

r(e]usssr, AFr. rnss(/i]er.] 



Sa, Saat. See So ; Sitte(n). 

Sacramente, n. sacrament, XVI 
316. [L. sacramentum.} 

Sacrifise, -ice, n. sacrifice XI b 
202, xn a 15, 40. [OFr. sacri- 
fice.] 

Sacrylage, n. sacrilege, I 4, 19. 
[OFr. sacrilege, infl. by suffix 
-age.] 

Sad(de), adj. steadfast, IX 92 ; 
heavy, grievous, xvi 44; sette 
hym sadde, give him sorrow, xvi 
204; Sadly, adv. sufficiently, 
long enough, v 341. [OE. saed, 



GLOSSARY 



sated, wearied ; ME. shows also 
senses ' heavy, firm ', &c.] 

Sadel, . saddle, v 42. [OE. 
sadol.'] 

Saf(e), see Saue ; Sagh, see Se(n) ; 
Say, Sai-, see Se(n), Sei(e). 

Saye, v. to make trial of, explore, 
XIV c 34. [Shortened from 
Assaie.] 

Sayf. See Saue, prep. 

Sayl(l), Sail, n. sail, vn 125, 
xiv c 50, xvn 153, 271, &c. 
[OE. segl.} See Seile. 

Sayn, Say tz, see Sei(e) ; Saynte, 
see Seynte. 

Sake, . in for . . . sake (with 
interven. gen. or pass, adj.}, 
(i) for (one's) sake, VIII a 96, 
xil introd. ; (ii) on (one's) 
account, xv c 23 ; (with loss of 
prec. inflexion) i 177, xvn 88 
(note). [OE. sacu; cf. ON. 
fyrir sakir because of.] 

Sakke, . sack, vin a 9. [OE. 
sacci\ 

Sakles, adj. innocent (/. e. against 
whom you had no just quarrel), 
xiv a i. [OE. sac-leas, from 
ON. sak-latiss.'] 

Sale, n. in to the sale, for sale, xn b 
148. [OE. *salu (once) sala.~\ 

Sal(l), Saltou. See Schal. 

Salt(e), adj. salt, vin a 279, ix 13, 
xn a 166, &c. ; n. xin a 30. 
[OE. jfl/f, adj. and n.] 

Salvacioun, n. salvation, IX 333. 
[OFr. salvaciounJ\ 

Sam(e), Saruen, Somyn (vil), 
adv. together, vn 66, xvi 170, 
239, XVII 316; brether sam, 
brothers both, xvn 320; al 
samen, all sam (togeder), (all) 
together, xvn 292, 530 ; with 
one accord, vi 158; .sr^Alsanme. 
[OE. xt sawne, somne; (late) 
somen ; cf. ON. allir saman.] 

Same, adj. same 1 188, &c.; pron. 
in fie (J>is) same, the very one 
(or thing), XII b 78, xvi 56, 71, 
&c. [ON. sam-r.-} 

Samon, . salmon, XIII a 64. 
[OFr. saumon.~\ 

Sample, n. illustration, parable, 



vi 139.- [Shortened from OFr. 
essample.~\ See Ensample. 

Sand, . sand, shore; bi see and 
bi sand, everywhere, XVII 75. 
[OE. sdnd.} 

Sang, Santis. See Song(e), 
Seynte. 

Sap, . sap, XIV c 90. [OE. 
s*p.-\ 

Saphire, . sapphire, IX 115, no 
(see Loupe), 122. [OFr. safir.^\ 

Sapience, . Wisdom ; personif. 
of the ' sapiential ' books 
(Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Can- 
ticles, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus), 
vin a 231 (the ref. is to PJOV. 
xx. 4). [L. saptentia.~\ 

Sare. See Sore. 

Sarri, adj. 1 vigorous, XIV ( 90. 
[OFr. serre ; see note.] 

Sarteyne ; Sat. See Certeyne; 
Sitte(n). 

Sauce, n. sauce, vin a 259. 
[OFr. sauced} 

Saue, Saf, adj. safe ; a saue, have 
safe, save, I 127 (see Habben) ; 
vochen saf, vin b 51, see Vouche- 
saf. [OFr. sauf, sauve (fern.).] 

Saue, Saf, Sayf (xvn), prep. 
save, except, ix 174, 228, xvi i 
106; saue bat (conj.), v 161. 
[OFr. saurf 

Saue, Safe (xvn),^. to preserve, 
keep safe, v 5 (subj,), 7 1, xv i 1 9, 
XVII 309, 517, &c. ; rescue, bring 
to salvation, xi a 38, b 305, xvi 
io8,&c. Sauynge,w. preserva- 
tion, XI b 304. [OFr. sa(u}ve>:'] 

Saufly, adv. safely, XII b 174. 
[From Saue, adj^\ 

Saugh. See Se(n). 

Saul(e), Saull, Sawl(e), Soule, 
n. soul, iv a 24, 32, 61, vin a 
81, xvi 272, xvil 390, &c. ; 
distrib. sg. (see Herte), XI b 250 ; 
Soule, gen. sg. I 212. [OK. 
sdwol.\ 

Sauour (to*, n. savour, IX 153 ; 
relish (for), xi b 254. [OFr. 
savour.] 

Sauoure, v. to give a savour to, 
VIII a 259. [OFr. savourer.] 

Sauter, Sawter, . the Psalter, 



GLOSSARY 



Book of Psalms, VI 233, VIII a 
246, b 49, xvi 187. [OFr. sau- 
/(*>.] 

Sawe, . saying; aflir J>i saiue, 
according to thy word, xvi 397 ; 
proverb, xvi 281. [OE. sagii.] 

8aw(e). See Se(n). 

Sawte, n. assault, vn 57, 85. 
[Shortened from OFr. as(s)aut.~\ 

Saxon, adj. Saxon, xm b 49; 
Saxonlych, adv. in the Saxon 
fashion, xm b 8. [OFr. saxon.'} 

Scaffatis, n. pi. scaffoldings, 
temporary wooden structures 
for assailing walls, x 9. [Cf. 
OFr. escadaffiut, eschaffaut.~] 

Scarslych, adv. scantily, scarcely, 
xm b 50. [From ONFr. escars.] 

Scape, Skathe, n. damage, injury, 
v 285, xv * 13. [ON. skati.] 

Scere, adj. bright, pure, in Sctrt 
fx>rsday,S}\eeT, Holy,or Maundy, 
Thursday.xv.fi. '[OE. *sc*re, 
rel. to 3cir\ cf. ON. skser-r, 
skir-r, and ON. Skiri-frirsdagr, 
QSwt&.Skfer(a)-l>orsdagher. See 
Schyre, Skyre. 

Schadewe (a)en), v. to screen 
(from), IX 19. [OE. sceadwian.~\ 

Schaft, . handle, v 264. [OE. 
steaft.'] 

Soha^e, n. shaw, small wood, v 93 
(see Side). [OE. scaga.} 

Schakeled, pp. shackled; pro- 
tected with greaves, xv h 12. 
[OK. sceacul, fetter.] 

Schal, Schall(e), Shall 1). Sali 1), 
v. auxil. I and 3 sg. pres. am (is) 
to, must, shall, will, I 22, n 172, 
307, iv a 7, 79, ix 69, xiv a 34, 
XV a 10, xvi 15, xvn 164, &c. ; 
2f-.Sal(l),ivai7,4c;Schal(l), 
Shal(l), v 79, xvi 299, xvn 
121, 381, &c. ; Schalt(e), 
Shalt, I 206, ii 130, vi 204, 
&c. ; (with suffixed pron.) 
Saltou, xiv a 23 ; Shallow, 
VHI a 223; pi. Sal(l), iv a 62, 
xiv i8,&c.; Serial, Schall(e), 
v 332, xvi 49, 192, &c.; 
Schyn, V 333 ; Scholle, xm b 
39 ; Sohull, Schulle(n), 
Shul(en), I 38, vm a 140, ix 



63, 210, XI a 9, b 82, &c. Pa. 

t. (ind. and subj.}, was going 
to, ought to, was (were) to, 
should, would ; Schold(e), 
Shold(e), II 467, VIII a 36, b 
67, 80, ix 89, XII a in, &c. ; 
Schuld(e), Shuld(e), I 50, 69, 
106, ii 44, 190, v 16, XI a 21, 
&c. ; Ssolde, m 7 ; Suld(e), 
iv a 91, b 19, X 12, &c. ; 2 sg. 
Schulde, xvi 241 ; Schust, ii 
420, 570, &c. Note ellipse of 
a foil, verb, as ' have ', xvn 227; 
freq. 'go', 'come', ii 130, 

IV a 91, v 16, 332. Which 
slept schal, that may (at any 
time) sleep, xn a 117 ; when it 
schuld be, whenever it was, II 
370. [OE. sceal ; sculon, scylon ; 
scdUe, &c.] 

Schalk, Shalke, n. man, V 200, 
304, VII 72, 89. [OE. scealc t 
servant, (in verse) man.] 

Scham(e), Scheme (v), Shame, 
n. shame, xiv c 13 ; disgrace, 
XII b 224; disgraceful thing, 

V 304; ignominy, disaster, harm, 
xiv a 12, b 84, xvi'iS, xvn 
301 ; //. shameful things, I 2. 
[OE. scamu, sfomuJ] 

Schamfully, adv. ignominiously, 
iv a 66. [OE. scamful-llce^ 

Sohank(e), n. leg (below the 
knee), XV h 12. [OE. scanca.~] 

Schapellis. See Chapel(le). 

Schap(e), Schappe, Shappe, v. ; 
Schop, Shope, pa. t. v 260, 
vn 72; Schaped, pp. v 272; 
Schape(n).xna 130, 169, &c. ; 
Yschape, xm a 45. Trans. 
to fashion, make, v *26i, 272, 
VII 72, VIII b 18, ix 107; to 
turn (into), XII a 169, xm a 45 ; 
to contrive, bring (it) about, v 
70, XII a 130; ordain, appoint, 
V 260 ; schappe }ou to, appoint 
for yourselves, xiv d 7 ; refl. in 
shappis hym, designs, intends, 
xvi 155 ; intr. to prepare, be 
about (to), X 14. [OE. sceppan, 
scop, ge-scapen.~] See Forschape. 

Schapp, . shape, IX 248. [OE. 
ge-sceap.] 



GLOSSARY 



Scharp(e), Sharp(e), adj. keen, 


fair seeming, very presentable), 


sharp, harsh, bitter, severe, II 


I 260. [OE. ge-sceawian.'] 


38, 539, V 199, XI b 142, XIII b 


Schylde, Sheld, v. to defend, 


59, xiv c 21, 33, xvn 350, 356, 


protect, IV a 76, XVII 301 ; 


&c. ; as sb., the sharp blade, v 


forfend, in God schylde, God 


245, 264. [OE. scearp.'] 


forbid, IV a 91. [OE. scildan, 


Schaterande, pres. p. intr. dash- 


scildan^ 


ing, splashing, v 15. [OE. 


Schille, adv. shrilly, loudly, n 


*scaterian ; cf. M.Du. scheleren.~\ 


104, 526. [OE. *sciell t scyl, 


Schaued, pa. t. shaved, II 585. 


adj.] 


[OE. sea/an, str.] 


Schille, v. to shrill, resound, II 


Schawys. See Schewe(n). 


272. [OE. tat/Jan.] 


Sche, pron.fem. sg. she, n 75, 77, 


Schyn; Schine. See Schal ; 


323, &c.; She, I 48, &c. ; 


Schene. 


Scho, IV b i, 2, 4, 6, &c. ; ref. 


Schyne, Shyne, v. to shine, xvi 


to inanimate thing (gyne)^ X 80. 


94, xvn 9, 453 ; to be con- 


For obi. cases, &c., see Hi, fern. 


spicuous, IV b 70 ; Schon, 


[See N.E.D. s.v. She.'] 
Schede, v. to spill ; intr. fall, VI 


pa. t. sg. II 152 ; Schine, pa. t. 
pi. ii 415. [OE. sdnan.} 


51 (cf. Pearl 10) ; Shedyng, 


Schipman (-mannes, gen. sg. 


n. spilling, VIII a 9. [OE. sea- 


-men, pl.~), n. sailor, ix 124, 


dan, sceadanJ] 


X 119. [OE. sap-Maun.] 


Scheep, Shep, . pi. sheep, vm b 


Schip(pe), Ship(pe), . ship, 


18, ix 238. [OE. sce(a)p.~] See 


VII 89, 120, X 130, XIV C 17, 


Schep. 


&c. ; Schipe, dot. sg. xil a 23. 


Schelde, n. shield, V 250. [OE. 


[OE. sap.} 


jrtSW.] 


Schir. See Sir(e). 


Scheltrom, n. rank of armed 


Schyre, Shire (vn), adj. bright, 


men, II 187. [OE. sceld-truma.~] 
Schene, Shena (vil), Schine 


clear, fair, lovely, V 15, 245, 
VII 151, 157; qtiasi-sb. fair 


(ll), adj. fair, goodly, vil 89, 


(flesh), v 188. [OE. scir.~] See 


120, 151, 157; bright, II 358, 


Scere, Skyre. 


V 246 ; as si>., bright blade, V 


Scho ; S(c)hold-, Scholle ; 


200. [OE. scene, scyne, sane.'] 


Schome ; Schon ; Schop 


Schende, v. to ruin, destroy, V 


(Shope). See Sche ; Schal ; 


198, vm a 166, xvi 155; 


Scham(e) ; Schyne; Schap(e). 


Schente, pp. brought to no- 


Schore, n. (shore), bank, V 15, 


thing, I introd. [OE. sce'ndan.'] 


93 ; vpon schore on the ground 


Schep, n. Shepherd, Pastor, XIV 


(by the river), v 264. [Cf. MDu., 


di. [OE.*scepa.~\ See Scheep. 


MLG. schore.'] 


Schere, v. to cut, score, IX 122. 


Schort(e), Short, adj. short, 


[OE. see ran.'} 


brief, IV b 45, VII 72, XI b 136. 


Schert, Sserte, . shirt, n 230, 


[OE. scorf.-] 


in 40. [OE. scyrtt (Kt. *scerte) ; 


Schote, v . trans, to shoot, IX 258 ; 


see Appendix p. 280.] 


intr. shot, sprang, in Schot, 


Sehewe(n), Shewe, v. to show, 


pa. t. sg. V 246, 250 ; Shotton, 


reveal, declare, (make) manifest, 


pi. vil 120. [OE. sceotdn.~\ 


II 159, IV b 10, V 188, IX 285, 


Schoueles, n. pi. shovels, VIII a 


XI a 3, b 19, XII a 49, XVI 22, 


183. [OE. sco/l.'] 


XVII 82 ; Schawys, 3 sg. X 


Schour, Show(e)r, n. shower, 


introd.; Ssewep, pi. m 59; 


VII 108, XVII 350 ; squall, xiv<r 


Shewyng, n. in of f eyre s/i. t 


a i. [OE. sciir.'] 


that puts the case plainly (or of 


Schowue, v. intr. to thrust, make 



GLOSSARY 


one's way, V 15, 93. [OE. 


(riming heije}, II 355; Sih, 


scufan.~\ 


Syh, XII a 139, 146, &c. ; 


Schranke, pa, t. sg. shrank ; 


Saugh, //. ix 226 ; Saw(e), 


flinched, winced, v 199, 304; 


I 221, X 13; See, vil 57; Segh, 


schrank to, penetrated into, v 
245. [OE. scrincan.~] 
Schrifte, n. in do tfti schrifle, 


vii 22; 80130,11592. Ise3e, 
-seye,-sei3e,//. xiv c 8, 16, 88, 
&c. ; Yseye, xni a 16, 18 ; 


made your confession, xn introd. 
[OE. scrift.'] 


8038, 8ey3e, xiv c 24, 32, &c. ; 
Seun, in woldcn be seun, would 


Schuldere;, -es, n pi. shonlders, 
v 199, 246, 250. [OE. sculdor.} 
S(c)hul-. See Schal. 


like to appear, xi a 51; Seen(e), 
Sone, (properly adj.; j^Ysene), 
seen, visible, plain, iva 33, vn 


Schunt, n. a sudden jerk and 


182, ix 102, xn a 196, xiv a 3,/> 


swerve, v 200. See next. 


79,xvi67,&c. [OE.seon; se(a k, 


Schunt, v. to flinch; pa. t. v 


seek ; sdwon, segon ; (ge^-sewen, 


a 1 2. [Prob. rel. to OE. 


segen ; ge-sene, adj. (late pp.).] 


scunianj] 
Schust. See Schal. 


Seasonable, ailj. opportune, fa- 
vourable, vii 128. [OFr. seison- 


Science, n. knowledge, learning, 


able.] See Sesoun. 


IX 77. [OFr. science.'] 


Seche, v. to seek, v 101, ix 108, 


Sclauain, Sclauin, . a pilgrim's 


&c. ; to visit, II 432 ; to try, 


mantle, II 228, 343. [OFr. 
esclavineJ] 


XII b 177 ; intr. to go (to), see 
the //. ; for to seche, absent, 


Sclaundre(n), v. to scandalize, 


lacking, xii a 37; Sekep, imper. 


XI b 242. [OFr. esclandrer.'] 


pi. XIV d 15 ; Soght, pa. t. IV a 


Scole, n. school, vin b 37, xni b 


39 ; So3t, Soght, //. vn 54, 


17. [OE. sea/.'] 


XIV b 50, XVII 157 ; so wat) . . . 


Score, n. score, twenty, xni a 20, 


her answar sojt t such was the 


21, &c. [ON. skor, notch, 


answer they found (to give), vi 


twenty.] 
Scornes, . //. taunts, XIV c 102. 


158 ; were soght to, had got to, 
VII 168. [OE. secan, sohte.~\ 


[OFr. (e)scarn ; see N.E.D.} 


Sccound, Secunde, adj. second, 


Scottes, Skottas, n. pi. Scots, 


XI a 54, xni a 9, 32. [OFr. 


XHI b 3, xiv a i, &c. ; Skot, 


secund.] 


sg. XIV a 33. [OE. Scoftas.'] 


Secte, n. sect, ix 289. [OFr. 


Scoumfited, //. defeated, XIV c 


secte.'] 


60. [ME. (di}scomfite(n\ form- 


Securly. See Sikerlich. 


ed on OFr. desconfit, pp.] 


Bed, n. seed, xn a 81. [OE. 


Scowtes, .//. jutting rocks, V99. 


sxd, serf.] 


[ON. sktiti.-] 


Sedgeyng, n. telling, narrating 


Scrippe. . pilgrim's wallet (for 


(as a 'Segger', q.v.\ Introduc- 


food), vin a 63. [OFr. escreppe ; 


tion xxxiii. 


ON. skreppa.~\ 


See, K. sea, ix 9, xila 25, xiv c 


Se. See See. 


34, &c. ; Se, vn 125, x n, 


8e, See(n), Seo (xv b\ v. to 


xni a 28,&c.; Sea,vn 143, &c.; 


see, perceive, I 149, n u, 462, 


bejo(u]nde pe see, in foreign 


vill b 93, IX 225, xv b 17, &c. ; 


lands, I 252, IX 76, 128, 271; 


Sej), 3 sg. ii 251, 321. Sa 2 h, 


bi see and bi sand, on se and bi 


pa. t. sg. I 175; Say, I 174; 
Saugh, ix 169; Saw, X 161, 


side, on sea and land, every- 
where, xvn 75, 542. [OE. SSB.] 


&c. ; 8e3(e), v 96, 102, &c. ; 


Seede, xvi 48. A pa. t. is 


Seigh,vma23i; 89139,11147, 


perh. concealed by corrup- 


&c. ; Seih, xv a 6; Sije 


tion : ? seeded, was bom (from 



GLOSSARY 



Sed ; cf. my moder cf ivJwm 1 

dede scde, Cov. Myst. 393) ; 

Ideede, died (from Deye, q.v.}. 
Seek; See(n); Seere. A^Sike; 

Se(n) ; Ser(e). 
Sege, . siege. X i , XIV b heading. 

[OFr. sftegr.-] 
Segge, n. man, V. 339. [OE. 

**y-J 

Seggers, M. pi. (professional) 
story-tellers, I introd. [From 
ME. segge(n} to tell (see Seie) ; 
cf. OE. secgend, and Disour.] 

Segh, Se3(e). See Se(n). 

Sei(e), Seye(n), Sein, Seyn(e), 
&c. v. to say, tell, mention, I 254, 
vni a 123, 279, ix 76, 134, xi a 
34, b 8, xii a 27, xiv c 9, &c. ; 
herd seye, heard men relate, 
ix 221; Say(n), Sai'e), iv a 
74, vii 182, xiv b heading, xvi 
169, xvn 382, &c. ; Zigge, in 
yhyerde zigge of, heard it said 
by, ill 49. Seist, 2 sg. pres. 
vni a 226 ; Sais, Says, VI 49, 
xvi 60, &c. ; Seyt, 3 sg. II 556 ; 
SeiJ), &c., I 97, VIII a 246, &c. ; 
Sayt?, vi 97, 141 ; ZayJ, in 
48 ; Sais, //. xvi 108 ; Seith, 
imper. pi. xiv d 1 3. Seyd(e), 
Sayd(e), &c., pa. 1. i 78, 

II 1 88, &c. ; Zayde, Zede, 
Hi 12, 28; Seyd, Saide, //. 
I 108, ix 297 (aforesaid), &c. ; 

}at is sone saide, that is easily 

said, easier said than done, xvi 

205. [OE. secgan (segf) ; s&gde, 

SKde."\ See Aboueseyd, For- 

seyde. 
Seigh, Beise, Seih, &c. See 

Se(n). 
Seiynge. n. saying, assertion, 

XI* 12, 222. [From Sei(e).] 
Seile, Saile, Sayle, r. to sail, 

vn 128, xn a 31, xiv c 33. 

[OE. seg!(i-an.~] See Sayll. 
Seyll; Seymland. See Sele; 

Sembland. 
Beynt(e), Saint, Saynt(e), adj. 

holy, i 246, XV d 5 ; Saint, I 34, 

III introd^ 3, villa 3, xiv a* i, 
&c. ; . saint, XI b 87, 95, &c. ; 
Bant, xvn 555 ; Sauynt, 



in int>-ed.\ Sent, xv* 7, n. 
[OFr. saint.'] 

Seyntewarie, . sanctuary, vm* 
83. [OFr. saintuaire."] 

Seyr, see Ser(e); Seist, Seyt, 
SeiJ), &c., see Sei(e) ; Seke, 
see Sike ; SekeJ), see Seche. 

Selde(n), adv. seldom, vi 20, 
Xiv c 8, 40, &c. [OE. st/dan.] 

Sele, Seyll (xvn), n. happiness, 
prosperity, v 341 , 354 (see note), 
xvn 301. [OE. see/.'] 

Self's;, Selue, Seluen, Zelue 
(ill), adj. same, very, II 341, 
v 79 > J> e turne seluen, Troy 
selfe, the knight himself, Troy 
itself, V 309, vii 63 ; qitasi-sb. 
self, person, v 88, 233 ; J>e ilke 
zelue fet, the very one who, 
ill 27 (see note) ; see the per- 
sonal prons. [OE. selfia}.~\ 

Selle, n. prison-cell, xvi 342. 
[OFr. celleJ] 

Selle(n), Sell, v. to sell, iv a 46, 
vnia 264, ix 113, &c. ; Sulle, 
xv g 19, 20, 22 ; Solde, pa. t. 
xvi 147; Sold. Isold,//, in 
boght and soM, iboust ant isold, 
XII b 153, xv g 26 ; to selle, for 
sale, villa 301. [OE. sel'an 
(late \VS. syllan).] 

Selly, adj. strange, curious, v 102. 
[OE. sel(d)-lic.'] 

Seluer. See Siluer. 

Sembland, Seymland, . looks, 
countenance, xiv b 79, xvii 211. 
[OFr. semblattt.] 

Seme(n), v. to beseem, suit, xv b 
33 ; to seem fitting, xi a 6 ; to 
seem, appear, IV b 50, VIII 27. 
94^ XI* 288, &c. [ON. s6ma 
(samdi, pa. t. subj.) ; cf. next.] 

Semly, adj. seemly, fair, n 411, 
XIV b 28, xv b 26 ; Semlokest. 
super 1. XV c 6. [ON. scem-r + 
OE. -lie, -lucost; cf. ON. s&nii- 

f&.l 

Sen. See Si}>en, Se(n). 

Sendal, n. a kind of thin rich silk, 
vni a 1 1. [OFr. waa/.] 

Sende, v. to send, I 51, vni a 132, 
&c.; Sende, /a. t. v 294; Sent 
(after], sent (for), II 424 ; sent 

8* 



GLOSSARY 



word, villa 321; Zente, in 


Yserued,//. villa 81. [Short- 


23, 37 ; Send(e), Sent, //. i 


ened from Deseruen, q. z'.] 


92, xvi 56, 398, xvn 254, 


Seruyce, -ys(e), Servise, n. 


&c. ; Yzent, in 14, 30. [OE. 


service, iv 37, xi 181, xn# 


strident.] 


122', church-service, I 81, XI b 


Sent. See Seynt(e). 


174. [Late OE. serfise from 


Sentence, -euse, n. (considered) 


OFr. servise.~\ 


opinion , authoritative pro- 


Sese, v. to seize, v 339 ; sesed in, 


nouncement, xi b 264; passages 


seised in, put in legal possession 


from (authoritative) writings, 


of, vi 57. [OFr. seisir.~\ 


xi a 27 ; (subject) matter, xi a 


Sesoun, n. season, time, V 17. 


30 ; meaning, sense (opp. to 


[OFr. se(t)son.] 


words), xi b 134, 143, 174; 


Sesse. See Cesse. 


in ]>is sentense, as follows, xi a 


Sete, n. seat, throne, xiv^ 86. 


55. [OFr. sentence.'} 


[ON. sieti.-] 


Septentrion, n. North, ix 31. 


Sete(n); Sej>; SeJ>en, Se]j]je(n), 


[OFr. septentnon.'] 
Serche, v. to search ; to inquire 


&c. ^Sitte(n); Se(n); Sifen. 
Sett(e), Set, v. to set ; Yset, //. 


(of), Vir 24 ; Cerched, //. ex- 


XIII a 12. To seat, Vina 48; 


plored, IX 310. [OFr. cerc/iier."] 


set in sete, enthroned, xiv c 86 ; 


See Encerche. 


refl. to sit, I 200, II 69, XVII 340 ; 


Ser(e), Seere, Seyr (xvil), adj. 


to set, put, place, iv b 23, v 162, 


special, xvi 41, 387, 398; 


X 48, 62, xvi 140, 387, &c. ; to 


various, different, manifold, IV b 


set up, erect, I 91, 180; fix 


42, 60, x 44, 152, xvi 122, 294; 


(time), XII a 35 ; to cause to be, 


into seyr count re, abroad, XVI I 


make, xvi 204, 205 ; to value, 


487 ; fele sere, many and various 


xn b 149; set(te} at, set, value at 


(women), V 349. [ON. se'r, 
dat. sg., for (by) itself; separ- 


(the rate of), Vina 162, b 101, 
xvil 364. Sette aboute, oc- 


ately.] 


cupied with, XI b 115; sett a 


Sorely, adv. individually, differ- 


crie on, appealed to, II 511 (see 


ently, IV b 60. [ON. ser-liga, 


Crien, #.); set his entent (apon~), 


apart.] 


determined (on), X 184 ; settes (i 


Sergont, Ser(g)ant, . servitor, 


sg.) my ioy . . . when, account it 


III n ; man-at-arms, XIV b 28. 


happiness when, iv a 30 ; settis 


[OFr. serjant.] 


no store hi, has no regard for, xvi I 


Serymonyes, n. pi. ceremonies, 


92 ; set till, trained on, X 81 ; 


XI b 202. [OFr. cerimonie^\ 


set vp, to open, x 185. [OE. 


Serpent(e), n. serpent, ix 203, 


settan.~] 


XII b 72, 126. [OFr. serpent.'] 


Settel, . throne, iva 9. [OE. 


Seruaunt(e), -ant, . servant. V 


sell.] 


71, XI b 170, xvi 65, xvil 65, 


Seuen(e), atlj. seven, iv b 53, 


&c. ; Seruand, xvii no; Ser- 


xvn 13, &c.; see Psalme, Starne. 


uauntz, //. villa 252. [OFr. 


[OE. seofon.} 


servant. ~\ 


Seuenyst (Seueniates, &c.), . 


Serue(n), v. 1 to serve, be servant 


seven nights, a sennight, week, 


to, do one's duty to, vni/5 65, 


XV e 3, 6. [OE. seofon niht 


70, XI b 178, XII a 189; deal 


(pi.); see Appendix, p. 278.] 


with, treat, xvi 206; (without 


Seuered, pa. t. intr. severed, was 


obj.) to serve mass, VIII b 12. 


cut (or trans, with omitted he), 


[OFr. servir."} 
Serue(n), r>.2 to deserve, vi 


V 244. [OFr. sev(e)rer.~\ 
Seun, Sewlngly. See Se(n); 


193 (or 'served', from prec.) ; 


Sue(n). 



GLOSSARY 



Sex, Six, adj. .six, ix 106 (see 
Squared), xvi 39, xvii 57, &c. ; 
Sexti, sixty, II 90, 304. [OE. 
sex, sexlig.~] 

Sh-. See Sen- (except as below). 

Shaltow; Shop; Sheld. See 
Schal ; Scheep ; Schylde. 

Sheues, n.pl. sheaves, vin a 135, 
l>\4. [OE. seen/.] 

Shlepe. See Slep(e), . 

Shon(e), n.pl. shoes, vmb 18, 
XVI1 353 ( see Clonte). [OE. 
sc(e}o, late gen. pi. scedna.~\ 

Shotton ; Showr. See Schote j 
Schour. 

Shrewe, n. a bad man, evil-doer, 
vn 183, vin a 153. [OE. 
screawa, shrew - mouse ; see 
N.E.D.'] 

Sybbe, adj. related, akin, i\ b 22. 
[OE. sibb.} 

Sic; Sich(e); Sicht. ^^Swilke; 
Swiche; Sight. 

Side, Syde (Siddis, //.), . side, 
ii 156, v 112, ix 69, xvii 542 
(shore ; see See), &c. ; bi (af) . . . 
side, (orig. with intervening^?//.) 
beside, II 66, V 76, 93 ; on the 
see syde, in the direction of the 
sea, IX 177 ; in (oil) no syde, in 
no direction, V 102, IX 164, 192 ; 
in on syde, in one respect, xni b 
35 ; on alle siddis,^ in all respects, 
XI /> 238 ; quasi-cufj. lying on 
either side, XIII b 55. [OE. 
side.'] 

Sygh(e), f. to sigh, iva 69, 85; 
trans, to lament, regret, iva 59. 
[Alteration of OE. slcan, ME. 
siken, aided by ME. pa. t. sihte.~\ 

Sight, Si}t, Syght(e), Sy3t, 
Sicht (x), . sight, view, n 334, 
iv 50, x 192, xvi 16, xvii 555, 
&c. ; at a syght, at one view, 
xvii 469; be sight, by sight, 
xvi 229 ; to sight, to look upon, 
XVI 90 ; with sight, by looking 
(reading), VII 24. [OE. ge- 
sihp, -siht.'] 

Signe, Syngne (v),. sign, token, 
evidence, v 96, xi a 3, xvi 19, 
4i,&c. [OFr. sigtie.] 

Sije. See Se(n). 



Sih, Syh. See Se(n). 

Sike, adj. sick, ailing, morbid, 

xi b 242; Seek, xva a; Seke, 

xvn 61. [OE. seoc, sec.} 
Sykel, . sickle, vin b 25. [OE. 

sicol.~] 
Sikenesse, Syke-, . sickness, 

disease, vm a 122, 254. [OE. 

Siker, Syker, adj. safe, sure, 
secure, ii 35, vin b 40, xi a 238, 
xiv c 49, 55. [OE. sicor.~] 

Sikerlich, Securly, adv. cer- 
tainly, ii 571, xvn 38, 372. 
[From prec.] 

Sikernesse, . security, XII b 40. 
[As prec.] 

Silke, . silk, villa ii. [OE. 
seolc ; silcen, adj.] 

Siluer, Syluer, Seiner, Zeluer 
(in), n. silver, money, 11.150, 
in 5, vina 186, 76, xv g 4, 
&c. [OE. seal/or, silfor, &c.] 

Symented,//. cemented, ix 233. 
[OFr. dmenter.~] 

Symonye, . simony, XI b 98. 
[OFr. simoitie.~] 

Symple, Simple, adj. simple, 
ignorant, XII b 95, xvn 173. 
[OFr. simple.] 

Syn(e). See Synn(e), Si]>en. 

Synder, adv. in in synder, asunder, 
xiv c 31. [OE. synder- ; see 
Sonder.] 

Syndry, adj. sundry, various, X 3, 
9, 152. [OE. syndrig.~] See 
Sondri. 

Synful, Synffull, adj. sinful, xi b 
10 5. I33> &c. ; synffull care, the 
woe due to sin, xvi 292. [OE. 
synn-ful.~\ 

Synge(n), Sing(g)e, v. to sing, 
i 14, 56, n 68, VIM b 72, xv a 7, 
b 6, &c. ; Sinkestou, singest 
thou, xva 17. Songen, pa. t. 
pi. vin a 109 ; Sung(g)e, I 57, 
66, 1 68 ; Songen, //. xi b 133, 
JSS, 143; Syngynge, n. I 5. 
[OE. s'ingan.~\ 

Synglerty, n. uniqueness, VI 69. 
[OFr. senglierte.'] 

Syngne. See Signe. 

Singuler-j adi. individual ; unusual, 



GLOSSARY 



irregular, XI b 101; Singulerly, 


since, iva 59, 85, v 153, vn 66, 


adv. uniquely, solely, XI a 52. 
[OFr. singuler.'] 


&c. ; Se)>J>e(n), i 248, n 162, 
587, &c. ; Septhe, xm 27; 


Synke, v. to sink, xvi 348 ; Son- 


Syne, x 22, 35, &c. ; ay syne, 


kyn, //. having sunk, VII 161. 


ever since, XVI 223 ; or syne, ere 


[OE. sincan.-} 


long, xvii 228. [OE. sippa(ii), 


Sinkestou. See Synge(n). 


seoppan ; ON. s'8an.~\ 


8ynn(e), Syn(e), Zen (in), . 


Sipen, Sy)>en, conj. after, when, 


sin, III introd., iva 7, b 16, 76, 


since, seeing that, v 26, 326, 


VI 250, ix 324, &c. ; Syn, gen. 


XI a 35, &c. ; Sytthen, \\\\b 


sg. (before sake}, xvn 88. [OE. 
synn (Kt. senn).~\ 


41; Sith, SiJ>, vmJ 74, xi6 
8, &c. ; sith pat, ix 176 ; 


Synn(e), Syn, v. to sin, xi6 28, 


Se)Xen, I 116, ii 121, 469; 


144, xvn 37, 49. [From prec.] 


sepj>en pat, II 425 ; Supthe, 


Synnelees, adj. without sinning, 


xiii b 19; Syn, vi 159, vii 29, 


Vina 226. \QHL-synn-leas.~] 


&c. ; synfat, v 252 ; Sen, XVI 


Sir(e), Syr(e\ Schir (x), . lord, 


169, 254, &c. [As prec.] 


master, xiv b 69, xvi 117; sire, 


Sk-. See also Sc-. 


father, xvi 254; cure syre, the 
master of our house, xvn 396 ; 
(as polite form of address) sir, 


Skayned (of), pp. grazed (by), 
v 99 (see note). [ON. skeina.] 
Skant, . little, xvii 198. [ON. 


II 131, 431, xiv c 105, xvii 294, 


skam(ni]-t, neut. adj.] 


&c. ; sir swete, my good sir, 


Skelp, . a smack, xvii 323. 


v 169 ; (pref. to names and titles) 
Sir ; e.g. of knights, v 50, X 36, 


[Unknown.] 
Skewe, Skwe (v), n. cloud, V 99, 


&c. ; but used also of kings, 


VII 132, 136. [ON. sky, earlier 


II 24, xiv a 9, b 32, &c. ; eccle- 


*skiwj-.~\ 


siastics, I 201, xi b 176; and 


Skyfte, v. to apportion, arrange, 


generally, 11 512, vma 262, 


VI 209. [ON. skifta] 


b 55, xvi 169. [OFr. sire.] 


Skill, n. discernment, reason ; as 


Syater; Sit6. See Suster; Cite. 


it is skill, as is reasonable, xvi I 


Sythe, SyJ>e, . scythe, v 134, 


334- [ON.ftfcV.] 


viii 23. \QE.sigpe.-] 


Skipte, pa. t. leapt, xii b 61. 


Sithes, n. pi. times, IX 244. [OE. 


[Obscure.] 


sty.~] See Oftesithes. 


Skyre, adj. bright, vii 136. [ON. 


Sitte(n), Sytt, Sit, v. to sit, sit 


skir-r.~\ See Scere, Schyre. 


at table, v 42, villa 262, XV g 


Skirmyt, pa. t. skirmished ; 


25, xvii 247, &c. ; /sit not dry, 


darted to and fro, VII 136. 


it isn't dry where I sit, xvn 370 ; 


[OFr. eskirmir.~\ 


to dwell, remain, iva 64, xvi 


Sklayre, . veil, vin a 7. [MLG. 


272, 342 ; Sitt, 3 sg. prts. (OE. 


sleier.'] 


sift), n 443 ; Saat, pa. t. sg. 


Skryke, v. to shriek, XVII 232. 


xi 57; Sat, ii 42, 519, &c. ; 


[?OE. *scr1c(i)an; cf. ON. 


Sete, ii 413, 580; Sete(n),//. 


skrxkjaj] 


II 276, 395, viii a 109, xv g 24, 


Skunnyrrit, pa. t. shrank, were 


&c. ; Sete,//. seated, II 520; 


disma}ed,X59. [Obscure; ?cf. 


Sittynge, n. XI b 58. [OE. 


Schunt, and OE. sfiinian.] 


sittan.'] 


Skwe}. See Skewe. 


Sitthenes, adv. afterwards, Villa 


Slade, . valley, v 79. [OE. 


65. [OE. sipjan + adv. -es.'] 


slxd,~\ 


See Si>en. 


Slayn. See Slo. 


3ipen, Sythen, &c. adv. after 


Blake, v. to slacken, die down, 


that, afterwards, next, then, 


XIII a 4. [OE. slacian.~] 



GLOSSARY 



Slang, pa. t. pi. flung, x 53; 

Slongyn, //. vil 165. [ON. 

slyngva.] 
Sle, adj. cunning, X 1 5 ; working 

in secret, iv a 10 (see note). 

[ON. stig-r.-] See Slyght. 
Slep(e), Sleep, Shlepe, n. sleep, 

XI b 219, xn a 81, 88, xv,f 14, 
&c. ; (personified) xn 47, 89, 
&c. ; on slepe, asleep, II 72 ; 
slydyn vppon shlepe, fallen into 
oblivion, or fallen asleep, dead, 
vn 6. [OE. slip, step.} 

Slepe(n), v. to sleep, II 407, 456, 

XII a 141, XV a 3, &c. ; refl. in 
sleppoupe, go to sleep, xv,- 13 ; 
go slepe, go to sleep, vm a 296 ; 
Slope, pa. t. n 75, 134, 402; 
Slepte, _i 159, 243. [OE. 
slepan, six-pan, str. and wk.J 

Slepi, adj. sleepy, drowsy, XI I a 
91, 104, 109. [OE. in un-slepig.~\ 

Sleulhe, Sloth, n. sloth, vm a 
137. xvn 53. [OE. j/*jj.] 
See Slowe. 

Slewe. See Slo. 

Slydyn,//. slipped ; fallen, VII 6. 
[OE. slidan.} 

Slyght, n. skill, xvn 137. [ON. 
sJSgt^ See Sle. 

Slike, Slyke, adj. such, xiv 6 35 ; 
none slyke, (that) no one (is) like 
her, XVII 233. [ON. slik-r.~] 
See Swilke. 

Slip, v. ; slip this spyndill, strip, 
spin off all that is on this spindle, 
xvii 364. [Cf. MLG. shppen; 
ON. sleppa.~\ 

Sliper, adj. slippery, untrust- 
worthy, xiv c 5. [OE. slipor^ 

Slyttyng, adj. harsh, piercing, 

XIII b 59. [OE. slitan, 1 slittan.] 
Slo, v. to slay, n 332; Slewe, 

pa. t. xvi 306; Slogh, xiv a 3 ; 

Slou}, II 313, xiv <r 45 ; Slayn, 

//. xvn 307, 546. [OE. slean ; 

ON. sla.'] 
Slober, n. slime, ooze, vn 165. 

[Cf. ME. slobere(n\ v., and 

similar forms in Du., Fris.] 
Sloken, v. to extinguish, iv a 6. 

[ON. slokna, intr.] 
Slombrende, pres. p. slumbering, 



drowsy, xil<z 106. [OE. *slu~ 
merian ; cf. sluma."} 

Slomeryng, . slumber, sleep, 
vn 6. [As prec.] 

Slongyn. See Slang. 

Slowe, Slou5, adj. sluggish, sloth- 
ful, XI b 219 ; dull (unfeeling 
or spiritless), xiv c 103. [OE. 
slaw.] 

Sluche, n. sludge, ooze, vu 165. 
[Obscure.] 

Smal(e), adj. small, slender, fine, 
II 109, ix 46, xi b 138, xin a 30, 
&c. ; adv. fine, in small pieces, 
II 538, xi b 177, Xiv d 9, &c. 
[OE. smsel ; smale, adv.] 

Smateryd,//. be-grimed, xv// r. 
[Cf. ME. smoter-lich, bi-smo- 
teren.] 

Smekyd, (//.) adj. smoky, smoke- 
blackened, xv h i. [OE. 
sme(o}can.'] 

Smertly, adv. suddenly, swiftly, 
X 83, 91, 168. [ME. smert, 
sharp ; cf. OE. smeart.~] 

Smebes, . pi. smiths, xvA i. 
[OE. m>] 

Smyle, v. to smile, xvn 215. 
[?OE. *sml/ian, rel. to MHG. 
smielen, Svv. smila, &c.] 

Smyte, Smytte, v. to smite, 
v 192, xvn 215, 218, 220; to 
rebuke, IV b 76 ; Smytts, //. 
XVI 338. [OE. sinitan, smear.] 

Smope, adj. smooth, level, II 353. 
[OE. sniop.'] 

Snaw(e), Snogh (i), Snowe, 
snow, I 162, v 20, 1 66, 247, 
XVI 89 ; snowe-white, II 145. 
[OE. snaw; snaw-AwJt.'] 

Suewe, v. to snow, II 247. [OE. 
smivan, *sneowan.~\ 

Snyrt, pa. t. touched, grazed, 
v 244. [Cf. ON. snerta, str.] 

So, Soo (xvi), Sa (i v, x), adv. (i) 
Deinonstr. so, thus, in this (that) 
way, I 90, 150, IV a 20, xvi 206, 
&c. ; (in adjurations, &c. ; cf. 
As) so, II 532, VI 127, &c. ; in 
like manner, the same, v 213, 
xv b 22 (or as, rel.}, xvi 373, 
xvn 391, &c. ; so, to such 
a degree, &c., II 39, IX II, 202, 



GLOSSARY 



XVI 99, xvn 357 ; (intensifying 
adjs. and advs.") I 28, vi 20, 
X 133, &c. ; (before adjs. with- 
out ) such (a), II 148, 426, 
ix 159, x 47, &c. ; neuer sa, 
(n)ever so, IV a 75 ; (giving 
indef. sense to relatives, q.v.") so 
ever, n 340, iva 71, vi 2o6,&c.; 
so . . . till pat, so that, until, IX 
223, 229, 231 ; so as, (in so far) 
as, Xlla 126, 174, 177, &c.; so 
}>at, so long as, provided, XI b 
223. (ii) Relative as, II 112, 
vin a 215, xv 33, <T3,<fi4; 
as ... so, as ... as, II 352 ; so 
May be, may be, vin b 34 ; by 
so, provided that, vi 1 1 b 40. [OE. 
swa.] See As(e), Swa. 

Sobre, adj. earnest, serious, VI 31, 
172. [OFr. sobre.} SeeVnsober. 

Socour(e), n. succour, help, xn$ 
17, XVII 157, 254. [OFr. sttcitrs, 
infl. by related verb ; jSuccnr.] 

Sod, n. sod, clod, xvn 58. [MLG., 
MDu. sode.} 

Sodeinli, Sodonly. .S^Soudein. 

Soferan, . sovereign lord, xvn 
92 ; Souereynes, superiors, 
vin a 74. [OFr. soveraitt.~\ 

Softe, adj. soft, tender, gentle, 
VII 130, XII a 181 ; adv. softly, 
gently, xn a 93, b 89 ; Softly, 
adv. ii 300. [OE. softe, adj. 
and adv.] 

Sogat, adv. in this way, XIV b 96. 
[So + Gate, . 2 ] See pusgate. 

Soght, Sojt ; Soyne. See Seche ; 
Sone, adv. 

8oio(u)rne, v. to dwell, n 47, xvi 
221 ; stay, V 341. [OFr. so- 
journey."] 

Solace, Solas, n. consolation, 
solace, ix 316, xvi 28, 41, 46; 
enjoyment, vn 22, ix 276 ; 
solace make, amuse themselves, 
I introd. ; 'joy, xvi 387, 398, 407. 
[OFr. solas.} 

Solas, v. to delight, n 383. [OFr. 
solacier^] 

Sole, n. (level) place, xvn 391. 
[OFr. sole.'} 

Solempne, adj. awe-inspiring, 
XVI 355. [OFr. solem(f~)ne.'] 



Solitarie, adj. solitary, *xi 36 

(MS. solarie). [L. solitdrius} 
Solowe, v. to be soiled, sullied, 

I 165, 237. [OE. *solgian, cf. 
solian."] 

Som(e), Somme, Sum(me), 
Zome (in), adj. some, (a) 
certain, v 51, VI 68, vil 33, IX 
119, xvi 19, xvn 157, &c. ; 
pron. sg. one, I 135; some, 
(a) part, II 516, XI a 56, &c. ; //. 
some, II 5, III 2, vi 148, villa 
9, &c. ; Sum time. Som tymo, 
&c., adv. once (upon a time), 

II 31, XIII b 5, XIV c 17, 43, 
d i ; sometimes, VIII b 49, IX 
47, 240, xiv a 32. [OE. sum.} 

Somdel(l), adv. somewhat, ix 
13. xin b 27. [OE. sume 
dale.-} 

Somer, n. summer, II 257, 352 ; 
Som our games, summer-games, 
I I. [OE. sutnor."] 

Somyn. See Sam(e), adv. 

Somwhat, adv. somewhat, a little, 
vma 257, xin b 6. [OE. sum 
+ fiivxt indef.] 

Son. See Sonne. 

Son(e), ailv. at once, straightway, 
I 69, ii 71, xiv b 7, xv a 16, 
XVI1 353> & c: soon, n 153, 
xvi205(^<rSeie),&c.; Soyn(e), 
X7o, xvn 21, 28, 189; Banner, 
compar. I 10 ; conj, as soon as, 
xv a ii (cf. sane so, xv g 14). 
[OE. jfcia.] See Eftsone(j). 

Soncler. Sundyr, Swudir, adv. 
in in sender, &c., asunder, X 106, 
xvn 407 (cf. ON. i suttdr) ; 
Sundyrlepys, adv. separately, 
(corruptly) in wyth s. /., I 234 
(see Lepys, and note). [OE. 
sundor, on-sundran, suitdor- 
2epes.~\ See Asunder, Synder. 

Sondre, Sundir, v. to disperse, 
VII 143; intr. to separate, XVI 
240. [OE. (a-^stindrian.] 

Sondri, adj. (with sg.} sundry, 
XII introd., b 185. [OE. syn- 
drig under influence of sunder.] 
See Syndry. 

Sone, n. son, I 46, VIII a 74, b 76, 
&c. ; Sonne, xvi 241, xvn 



GLOSSARY 



141 ; Sun, xiv b 70, 92. [OE. 


42. [OE. sob, adj. andn.; stye, 


snnul\ 


adv.] See Suthfast. 


Song(e), Songge, Sang (iv), . 


Sothful, adj. truthful, VI 138. 


song, singing, I 66, 168, iv 24, 


[OE. sof +///.] 


vn 104, xi b i, 112, &c. [OE. 


Sothle", Sothly, adv. truly, V 


sang, song.~\ 


294, XVII 496. [OE. sHj>- 


Songen; Sonkyn. See Synge(n) ; 


lice.'] 


Synke. 


Soudein, adj. sudden, xn b 6 ; 


Sonne, . sun, sunlight, n 152, 


Sodeinli, Sodonly, Sud- 


vi 170, xn a 66, &c. ; Son, 


dan(d)ly, adv. suddenly, vil 


xvn 6, 354, 453; Sunne, v 


130, X 179, 184, xil..6i. 


17, vi 159, &c. ; Sun, vn 101, 


[OFr. soudain.] 


&c. [OE. sunne.} 


Souereynes; Soule. See So- 


Sonne(s) ; Boo ; Soon. See 


feran; Saul(e). 


Sone ; So ; Soun. 


Soun, Soon (xin), . sound, n 


Sopers, . //. soap-dealers, VIII b 


272, 436, XII a 119; voice, VI 


76. [From OE. stipe, soap.] 


172; pronunciation, Xlll3 44, 


Sopertyme, . supper-time, villa 


46. [OFr. soun ; OE. satt.] 


260. [OFr. so(tf)per + OE. tima.'] 


Sounde, adj. unharmed, safe, II 


Sore, Bare, adj. sore ; in pain, 


592 ; Soundly, adv. without 


xvi 204, 205; grievous, v 48, 


mishap, vn 128. [OE. ge- 


x 51 ; n. wound, v 278 (see Rof, 


stind, fes&itd'flce.~\ 


and note) ; pain, grief, II 263, 


Sounyng, . pronunciation, XIII b 


560, XV c 33 ; adv. sore(ly), 


52. [From ME. soiine(ii), OFr. 


bitterly, exceedingly, I 88, IV a 


sautter."] 


59, VI 190, X 141, xiv b 60, &c. 


Soupe, v. to sup, vina an. 


[OE. sdr, n. and adj. ; sdre, 


[OFr. souper.] 


adv.] 


Soup, Southe, n. and adj. south, 


Sori, Sory, adj. woeful, 
wretched, I 123, II 458 (note), 


ix 8, xin b 53, 64, xvn 477. 
[OE. sup, adv.] 


XVII 61, 211, 264. [OE. sarjg.~\ 


Souperon, adj. southern, XIII b 


Sorje, . sorrow, pain, v 315, 347 ; 


10, 56, 60. [OE. supe.rnt.~\ 


Sorow(e), Sorwe, I 210, iva 


Sow, . a sow ; a movable struc- 


66, 1x84, xv A 21, &c. [OE. 


ture with a strong roof, x 5 


sorg.~\ 


(note), 29, 109, &c. [QE. sugu; 


Sorowand (of), pres. p. sorrow- 


cf. Med.L. sus, scrdfa, in this 


ing (for), iv b 80. [OE. sorgi- 


sense.] 


a/i.~\ 


Sowe, v. 1 to sew, vina 9, 11. 


Sort, n. company, vn 168 ; kind, 


[OE. jw(*)a.] 


xn a 173. [OFr. sorte.] 


Sowe(n), v. 2 to sow, Vina 26, 


Soster. See Suster. 


65, 67 ; Sowen, //. villa ~. 


Soth(e), SoJ)(e), Suth (xiv b}, 


[OE. sdzvan.] 


adj. true, vi 122, VII II, xi a 


Sownd, v. to sound (for depth), 


51, b 58, &c. ; n. (the) truth, vn 


xvn 438. [OFr. sender \ cf. 


36, vili a 1 24, IX 247, xiv b 58, 


OE. siind-nne.'] 


&c. ; in soth to me, ix 100 (see 


Spac, adj. quick ; adv. in also 


note) ; the soth for to knaw, to tell 
the truthjXVii 2^6;forsoJ>e,&cc.., 


spac, straightway, II 343 (see 
Also). [Cf. ME. sprac-liche, 


(OE. for sof) for a fact, with 


mod. dial, sprack (? rel. to ON. 


certainty, IV a 74, V 26, 291, 


spark-r, sprxk-r}; but see 


VHI* 3; indeed, certainly, n 


N.E.D.} 


la, v 234, 339, vni b 90, &c.; 


Space, n. space; place, XVI no; 


adv. actually, certainly, I 24, V 


space of time, while, xvil 337 : 



GLOSSARY 



in pat (this) space, then (now), 
VI 78, XVII 552. [OFr. 
(e)space.'\ 

Spak(e) ; Spar, v. .&* Speke(n) ; 
Spere. 

Spar, . piece of timber, xvn 
130. [MLG., MDn. spar(re), 
OFr. esparre.} 

Spare, v. to abstain from ; trans. 
to spare, xvn 379; intr. to 
hesitate to, XIV b 13 ; to desist, 
stop, xiv b 23 ; Spard, pa. t. in 
no sp. noiper stub no ston (cf. 
spartde he neyj>er tos ne heles, 
Havelok 898), stopped for no- 
thing, went as fast as he could, 
II 346. [OE. spartan.'} 

Sparke, n. spark, xii a 69. OE. 
spearca.~\ 

Spec. See Speke(n). 

Speche, n. speech, talk(ing), lan- 
guage, what is said, vi 40, vn 
34, XII* 212, xin b 4, &c. 
[OE. sprite.-} 

Special 1\ adj. special, IX 296, 
XVI no; in special, especially, 
particularly, in detail, XII a no, 
135, &c.; Specialych, Spe- 
cyaly, Specially, especially, 
particularly, I 13, V 25, XI a 37, 
XIII b 58. [OFr. (especial.] 

Spade, n. prosperity; (cause of) 
success, asset, xiv<: 15. [OE. 
sped.-] 

Spede, v. intr. to succeed, pros- 
per, fare, I no, Vina 46; 
Spedde, pa. t. xui> 106; all 
ill mot pou spede , curse you, xvi 
139; trans, to speed, make 
prosperous, v 52, vi 127; to 
further, v 148 ; God specie, God 
speed thee (as greeting), XVII 
190. [OE. spedan.} 

Speke(n), v. to speak, talk, tell, 
say, n 138, v 234, ix 212, xi b 
256, xin b 8, xvn 206 (as//.) 
&c. ; Spak(e),/<z. t. sg. \ 225, 
XII a 100, &c. ; als f spake, 
according to my word, xvi 28; 
Spec, xv g 2, 28, 29 ; Speke, 
II 334, vi 78 ; Spak,//. I 200; 
Speke,//. xii b 99; Spoke(n), 
I 100, ix 135, &c.; Spekynge, 



. speaking, conversing, XI 

121, 160. [OE. sp(r]ecan.'\ 
Spelle, n. tale, speech, talking, 

v 1 1 6 (see Deme), vi 3, xv A 8 ; 

gospel, ill 50. [OE. spell.'} 
Spelle, v. to tell, declare, V 7.2, 

xv A 8. [OE. spellian.'} 
Spend(e), v. to dispense, xvi 28 ; 

to spend, vill b 28, 73; use 

(up), xvn 130; lose (life), v 

45 ; spende aboute, spend on, 

xi b 236 ; Spent, Yspent, pp. 

ended, dead, n 199, 215. [OE. 

spifndan.'} 
Spenders, .' dispenser, steward, 

ill 22, 24, 28. [Shortened from 

Desspendoure, q.v.~] 
Spendour, . 2 spender, spend- 

thrift, VIII b 28. [From Spende.] 
Spenne, v 248 ; 1 spenne-folc, 

? with feet together (a standing 

jump). [ON. spenna, clasp + 



Sper(e>, n. spear, V 75, x 138, 
xiv b 13; spere lenfe, spear's 
length, v 248. [OE. spere.'] 

Spere, Spar, v. to bar, shut, xvi 
1 39 ; out to spar, to keep out, 
xvn 1 28; Sperde, pp. shut up, 
xvi no. [OE. ge-sparrian; 
MDu. spew-en.] 

Sperhauke, . sparrowhawk, 
vin <z 190. [OE. spear-hafoc.] 
See Hankin. 

Spices, n. pi. spices, ix 158. 
[OFr. tspice.-} 

Spie, Spy, v. to spy ; spyde with, 
detected in, xvn 544 ; to search, 
enquire (after), v 25 (cf. Sir 
Gaw. 901). [OFr. (e]spier^ 
See Aspien. 

Spyll, Spill, v. to destroy, waste, 
iv a 32, xiv a 33. [OE. spil- 
lan.'] 

Spille-tyme, . idler, vin b 28. 
[Free. 4 OE. tiia.~] 

Spyndill, . spindle, xvn 364. 
[OE. spinl; OFris., MDu. 
spindel.'} 

Spyn(ne), v. to spin, villa 13, 
XVII 238, 359, 361 ; Span, 
pa. t. sg. xiv introd. ; Spon, 
//. XVII 337. [OE. 



GLOSSARY 



Spyryt, Spirit(e), . spirit, IX 
85, XI b 39, xni a 2. [OFr. 



Spyttyn, pres. pi. spit, xv h 8. 

[OE. spitl(i}an.~] 
Bpitus, Spytus, adj. ill-tem- 

pered, xvn 416; cruel, xvil 455. 

[Shortened from QYr.despitous.] 
Spoke(n) ; Spon. See Speke(n) ; 

Spyn(ne). 
Spornande, pres. p. stumbling, 

VI 3. [OE. spornan.] 
Sprai, Spray, . (leafy) spray, 

xv a i , c 2, &c. [? OE. *spr&g 

(cf. spraec}.] 
Spraulyn, pres. pi. sprawl, move 

in ungainly fashion, xv A 8. 

[OE. spreawlian, move con- 

vulsively.] 
Sprede(n), v. to spread, unfold ; 

intr. II 67, ix 217; Spradde, 

pa. t. (trans.} xn a 1 76 ; Sprad, 

//. outspread, xna 156. [OE. 

sfradan.] 
Spring(e), Spryng, Sprinke, to 

spring; sprout, II 67, XV a I, 

b 9, c 2, &c. ; con spryng, was 

born, VI 93 ; Sprang, pa. t. sg. 

rose, broke (of day), VII 167 ; 

Yspronge, pp. scattered, XIII a 

19. [OE. sprlngan.] 
Spryng, . sunrise, early morning, 

iv a 94. [From prec. (cf. vn 

167) ; cf. OE. tip-spring.} 
6prit,/te. t. sprang, v 248. [? OE. 

spryttan, to sprout; cf. senses 

of springan.~\ 
Spurye, v. to enquire (after), v 

25. [OE. spyrian (after).] 
Square, adj. square; of regular 

geometric shape, IX 51, 105; 

Squared, in six (CrV.) squared, 

with six (&c.) regular facets, IX 

106 ; Squarenesse, geometric, 

crystalline, shape, IX 68. [OFr. 

esyuar(rje, n. ; etquaii't, adj. ; 

esquarrer, v.] 
Squier, . squire, II 86. [OFr. 

(e}squier.] 
Sserte, Ssewejj, Ssolde. See 

Schert, Schewe, Schal. 
Stabyl, v. to make steadfast, IV a 

27. [OFr. (e)stablir.] 



Stabylnes, . steadfastness, con- 
stancy, iv a 42, b 46. [From 
next.] 

Stable, adj. steadfast, vi 237, 
xi b 1 1 9. [OFr. (e}stable.~\ 

Stad, Sted(de), //. placed, set ; 
stad, stratly stadj hard sted, 
hard put to it, sore bested, vn 
156, X 145, XVII 199; stad with, 
furnished with, v 69; see note 
XVI 40. [ON. stefl/a, pp. 
sladd-r.] 

Staf, . staff, stick, XII b 55, XVII 
381 ; Staue (dat.), v 69. [OE. 
ttmf] 

Staffing, n. hitting (with a staff) ; 
beating, X 193. [From prec.] 

Stage, . stage; degree of ad- 
vancement, vi 50 ; the hike stage, 
the high places (of the gods), 
xii a 5 1. [OFr. (e)stage.] 

Stalke, v. to stalk, stride, V 162. 
[OE. in be-stealcian, stealcung.'] 

Stall, n. (distrib. sg.~) place, sta- 
tion, xvii 345. [OE. stall.] 
See Stold. 

Stalward, -worj>, adj. valiant, 
strong, II 27, iv a 48, X 6; 
Stalworthly, adv. valiantly, 
xiv 86. [OE. stalu>yr}e.~\ 

Stande(n), Stant; Stane, &c. 
See Stonde ; Ston(e). 

Stare-still, adj. perfectly silent, 
xiv a 32. [OE. stdn + stille.] 
See Still(e), Ston(e). 

Stark, adj. stiff, xvii 268 ; stark 
ded, stiff in death, xiia 156; 
hard, XV h 14; strong, X 31 ; 
Starkaat, superl. X 105. [OE. 
stearc.] 

Starne, Sterne, . star, xvii 8 ; 
the seven starnes, the Seven 
Stars, usually the Pleiades (cf. 
OE. seofon steorran, seofon- 
stierre), but here the seven 
'planets' (Jupiter, Mars, Mer- 
cury, Moon, Saturn, Sun, Venus), 
xvii 423 (cf. 345). [ON. stjarna, 
earlier *stern-.] 

Start, Sterte(n), v. to start ; 
flinch, V 218 ; /a./.sprang,xiia 
1 43) 1 5 2 - [OE. styrtan (once), 
*stertan.] 



GLOSSARY 



State, tt. state, position ; in a 

. higher state, at a greater height, 
xvn 443. [OFr. estat; L. 
status.'] See As(s)tate. 

Statut, n. decree, ordinance^ VIII a 
315, xi b 105. [OFr. statut, 
L. statutum.~] 

Staue ; Sted. See Staf ; Stad. 

Sted(e), Stedde, Steed(e) tt. 1 
place, I 15, iv a 46, V 145, 
xvi 40 (see note), &c. ; in J>is 
(other) stede, here, elsewhere, 
v 255, xn b 177 ; town (or dis- 
trib. sg. posts), X 117; stead, 
in in mi stede, in stede of, 
II 207, vin a 63 ; //. estates, 
ii 161. [OE. stede.'} See 
Stude. 

Stede, . 2 steed, n 145. [OE. 
sleda.} 

Stedfastly, adv. steadfastly, IV a 
90. [OE. sicdejast, adj.] 

Steem, ;/. esteem (of men), Intro- 
duction, xxxiii. [OFr. estime.~] 

Steke, v. to fasten, shut, &c. ; 
Stoken, //. shut, xvi 193 ; 
stoken vp, hidden away, VII 1 1 ; 
hat) stoken me pis stenen, has 
' stuck me with ' this tryst, im- 
posed it on me, v 126. [OE. 
in be-stecan ; see N.E.D. s.v. 
Steek.} 

Stele, .' stem; shaft, handle, 
v 162. [OE. stela.'] 

Stele, Steill, w. 2 steel, x 122 ; 
trew as stele, xvn 120. [OE. 
stele.'} 

Stele, v. to steal, xiv b \ 4 ; Stole, 
//. II 491. [OE. stelan.~\ 

Stelyd, pp. made of steel, xv/* 
14. [OE. steled.~] 

Stende, pa. t. subj. should stone, 
xv 8. [OE. stsenan.'] 

Stere, Steer(e), v. to steer, xivc 
26, xvii 175. [OE. steoran.] 

Stereman, . steersman, captain, 
xvn 427. [OE. steor-tnann.'] 

Steren. See Sturne. 

Stere-tre, n. tiller, xvn 433. 
[OE. steor+treo.'] 

Steryd, see Stire(n); Sterne, see 
Starne, Sturne ; Sterte(n), see 
Start. 



Steuen, Stevyn, w. 1 voice, v 268, 
xvn 72. [OE. stefn, fern.] 

Steuen, n? tryst, appointed meet- 
ing, V 126, 145, 170. [OE. 
stefn, masc., time ; ON. stefna, 
tryst] 

Steward, n. steward, master of 
(king's) household, II 205, 495, 
&c. ; cf. x 36, 171. [OE. (late 
nth c.) stl-ivard.'} 

Stic, v. to mount, xi b 1 23. [OE. 
stigan.'] 

Stif(fe), adj. unyielding, dauntless, 
v 31, 301. xivc 20. [OE.sti/.'] 

Stijtel, Sty^tel, v. to control, 
govern; stijtlej, is master, V 
145 ; sturn . . to stijtel, ill to deal 
with {or harsh in his rule), 
v 69 ; refl. in styjtel ]>e vpon, 
limit yourself to, V 184. [Cf. 
OE. stihtan.} 

Stik, v. to thrust through, xiv 
14. [OE. stidan.~\ 

Still, v. to quieten, xvn 215;. 
[OE. stillan.~] 

StiU(e), Styll(e), Styl, adj. still ; 
motionless, I 196,11117^184; 
quiet, silent, I 265, n 443, 525, 
xn a 83, xv g 10, 32, &c. ; in- 
active, xi b 37; calm, 11 103; 
/wide me slille, hold my peace, 

IX 279 ; sty lie as pe ston, still as 
(a) stone, firm as a rock, V 225, 
xvn 525 ; perfectly quiet, xvn 
406 ; adv. quietly, xv b i\ ; 
without contention, V 317? 
secretly, II 567 ; perpetually, 
ever, iva 42, xvi 168. See 
Loud(e). [OE. stille.'} 

Stynk, v. to stink ; to thou slynk, 
until you stink, XVII 381 ; 
Stynkynge, pres. p. disgusting, 
XI b 99. [OE. stincan.'] 

Stynt, v. trans, to stop, check, 

X 65, 105 ; Stint, //. ceased, 
II 447. [OE. (d)-styntan.'] 

Stire(n), Stir(e), Styr(e), v. 
trans, and intr. to stir, move, 
1 197. xvii 366; to toss, vn 141; 
to rouse, incite, induce, xi b 39, 
93, 129, 310, xvn 37, &c. ; 
Steryd, pa. t. \ 197. [OE. 
styrian.] 



GLOSSARY 



Stith(e), adj. stout, doughty, 
vii 7; violent, vii 141, 156; 
quasi-sb. doughty men, VII 21. 
[OE. slip] 

Stod(e); Stoken. See Stonde ; 
Steke. 

Stoking, . stabbing, X 193. 
[OFr. estoqner; MLG. stoken.] 

Stok(ke), w. stem, tree-trunk, 
1 121, Xiv c 82 ; block, xiv<? i ; 
anvil, XV h 14; by stokoperston, 
anywhere, VI 20; noitfinr stok 
nor strete (rime-substitute for 
stoti], nothing, xiv c 62 ; cf. 
Stub(be). [OE. stocc.] 

Stold, pp. fixed, xvn 525 (for 
*Stald; see note). [OE. stal- 
Han.] 

Stole. See Stele, v. 

Ston(e), Stoon, Stane (x), . 
stone, rock, precious stone, 
II 151, IX 88, X 54, 83, XI b 40, 

XII b 130, XIII a 53, XV- 12, 
&c.; stone floor, ground, n 197^ 
v 1 62 ; treiv . . as ston in the 
wall, xvil 515; for other phr. 
see Still(e), Stok(ke), Stub(be) ; 
cf. Stane-still. [OE. stdn.~] 

Stony, adj. of stone, xni a 5. 
[OE. stain's.] 

Stonde, Stand(e), v. \ Stant, 
3 sg. pres. xi I a 74, &c. ; Stont, 
II 556; Stod(e), pa. t. i 74, 
11 39 1 , v 3 &C -J Stood, 

XIII a 32 ; Stude, X 196 ; 
Standen, pp. VI 1 59. To stand, 
i 8, v 184, vi 154, &c. ; up him 
stod, stood up, xv 27, 29 (see 
lie, ntasc.} ; to stand firm, en- 
dure, remain, iva 42, x 196, 
xn a 188, 221, xiv d 4; to 
stonde for, stand up for, xi a 66 ; 
stonde f>e a strok, stand a blow 
from you, V 218 ; to stand still, 
i 64, 169; lete . . stonde, left, 
Vlii a 106 ; to be, XII a 165, 
xvn 416; hou that it stod(e), 
how it had been settled, xn l> 
202 ; how matters stood, XII a 
1 50 ; how so euer it standis, 
whatever the circumstances, 
XVII 210; to stonde in, consist 
of, XI a 55, 60 ; upon hem slant, 



is based on, consists of, these, xi I 

a 127. [OE. stdndan, stondan.] 
Store, n. store, stock, in settis no 

store bi, has no regard for, 

xvn 92. [OFr. (e)stor.] 
Storyis, Stories, . //. stories, 

VII u, 21, X introd. [OFr. 

(e)storie.] 
Storke, n. stork, IV b 47 ; see 

Strucyo. [OE. store.] 
Stounde, n. space of time ; in 

fat stounde, thereupon, II 550. 

[OE. st&nd.] 
Stoupe, v. to stoop, vin b 24. 

[OE. stupian.] 
Stour(e), . conflict, battle, vn 7, 

28, xiv c 20, xvi 130. [OFr. 

(e}stour] 
Stout(e), adj. proud, II 293 ; 

fierce, n i84,xiva 13, xvn 304, 

347 ; adv. stoutly, II 360 ; 

Stoutly, adv. boldly, X 60. 

[OFr. (/}stout.] 
Strak ; Straught (Strauhte). 

See Strok (e) ; Strecche. 
Strange, Straunge, adj. foreign, 

outlandish, strange, IX 274, 311, 

XII a 13, XIII b 14, 40, &c. ; 

Strangelych, adv. in a foreign 

tongue, xni b 62. [OFr. 

(e)slrange.] 
Strangere, Introduction xv'; !. 

stranger, foreigner, as name of 

(unknown) variety of stanza ; 

t. adj. conipar. stranger (metre ; 

i.e. than ' rime couee '). [OFr. 

estrangier, or estrange] 
Stratly, adv. straitly ; stratly 

stad, hard put to it, X 145; 
ferd . . . stratly -with, pressed 

sorely on, x 172. [From 

Streyte.] 
Strecche, Streche, v. to stretch ; 

intr. extend, ix 30, 180; to 

direct one's course, go, II 341 ; 

Strauhte, pa. t. (refi^ in 

stranhte him to, made for, XII b 

93 ; Straught, //. departed, 

VII ii ; see Streght. [OE. 

streccan ; strxhte, strehte.] 
Streem, Strem, n. stream, 

xni a 17, 37, xv* 21. [OE. 

stream.] 



GLOSSARY 



8trght, adj. straight ; stregJit vp, 
sheer, IX 197. [Pp. of Strecchc.] 

Streyt(e), adj. narrow, ix 205 ; 
adv. closely, ix 229. [OFr. 
(e)strcit.~\ See Stratly. 

Strenghe, n. strength, fortitude, 
IV ^56, 73. [OE. strengu] 

Strenght, Strengthe ; Strinth, 
Strynth (x) ; . strength, force, 
IX 71, 199, X 187, 195, XIII b 
65 ; full strenght, ? in full mea- 
sure, fully, xvii 261. [OE. 
streng}(u}.] 

Streny (hem}, v. refi. to exert 
(themselves), VI 191. [OFr. 
(e~}streindre, (e]streign-.~\ 

Stret(e), n. street, n 509, xiva 
35, <r6a (see Stokke), xv^- 5. 
[OE. slret, street.] 

Streuyn. See Stryue. 

Strydej, 3 s. pres. strides, v 164. 
[OE. strTdan.] 

Strye. See Struye. 

Strif, Stryf(fe), n. strife, quarrel, 
vn 28, ix 83, xvn 400 ; with- 
out e stryft unresisting, v 255. 
[OFr. (e}strif.~\ SttStrym. 

8tryke(n), Strik(e),. trans, to 
strike, V 31, 237, x 139, xv/j 
14, XVII 231 (subj.\ &c. ; intr. 
to glide, flow, n 252, xv b 21 ; 
strykej, shall come (/. e. for his 
reward), vi 210. [OE. strlcan.'] 

Strinth, Strynth. See Strenght. 

StryJ>e, n. stance, firm position of 
the feet, V 337 (cf. sirylle, Sir 
Gaw. 846). [? Cf. OE. stride, 
stride.] 

Stryue, Stryfe, v. to strive ; 
stryue ajeines, with, rebel 
against, disobey, vm a 315, 
XVII 107; Streuyn,//. striven, 
XIV b 86. [OFr. (e}striver.~\ 

Strok(e), Strak (x), n. blow, 
stroke, V 184, 255, x 105, XVII 
382, &c. [OE. '*strac, rel. to 
strtcan, Stryken.] 

Stronde, n. sea-shore, XII a 134. 
[OE. strand.} 

Strong(e), adj. strong, valiant, 
vi 171, vn 7, ix 92, xvi 130, 
&c. ; violent, xni a 7, 42 ; 
severe, IX 204 ; adv. severely, 



vi 116 (see Enduir, and note); 
Strongly, adv. vigorously, ix 
231. [OE. slrdng, strong; 
strange, strdngltce, adv.] 

Strowed, //. strewn, xn a 96. 
[OE. streowian.'] 

Strucyo, n. ostrich (wrongly ex- 
plained as 'Storke'), iv 47. 
[L. struthio, ostrich, stork.] 

Struye, v. to destroy, via a 29; 
Strye, v 1 26. [Shortened from 
OFr. destrui-re ; with vowel of 
strye cf. Nye, Byled.] See 
Distroie. 

Strumpatis, n. pi. harlots, XI b 
1 76. [Obscure.] 

Stub(be), . tree-trunk, stump, 
V 225 ; noij>er stub no ston, 
nothing, n 346 (cf. Stokke). 
[OE. stybb, stubb.~] 

Stude, n. place, xvg 28. [OE. 
styde.~\ See Sted(e). 

Stude. See Stonde. 

Study, Studio, . deep thought, 
V 301 ; study, XI b 227. [OFr. 
(e}studie.~] 

Studie, v. to study, XI b 112, 135, 
&c. ; sttbj. pi. let (many) study, 
XI a 46; Studiynge, &c.. n. 
XI b 230, 293, &c. [OFr. 
(e)studier.~\ See Vnstudied. 

Stuf, v. to furnish, provision, 
XVII 155; refi. to gorge, glut 
(oneself), xvn 85. [QPr.cstofcr, 
to furnish ; ? infl. by estoffer, to 
choke.] 

Sturdy, adj. obstinate, X 194 ; 
Sturdely, adv. resolutely, x 45. 
[OFr. (e]stonrdi.'] 

Sturn(e), adj. griro,v 31, 6S (see 
Stijtel); Steren, xiv a 13; 
Sterneliche, adv. grimly, vm a 
315. [OE. styrne, *st<!orne.~] 

Subieccioun (of), n. subjection 
(to), IX 218, 219. [OFr. subjec- 
tion,'] 

Substance,/;.: J>at God comaundid 
Himself to }e s. lerof, of which 
God gave Himself to be the 
substance, XI b 223. [OFr. 
substance] 

Succur, v. to bring help, X 39. 
[OFr. suaur-rt.] 5Socour(e). 



GLOSSARY 



Such(e) ; Suddan(d)ly. See 
Swiche ; Soudein. 

Sue(n), -v. to follow, vn 24, Xf a 
38, b 65, &c. ; Suiende,/w /. 
xn a 122 ; Sewyngly, adv. in 
^j ;# 5., go on to tell you, ix 
134. [OFr. suir, se~ivir.~\ 

Suete. See Swete, adj. 

Sufflse (to), v. to be sufficient 
(for), IX 270; to be able, 
capable, xn a 1 77 (with pleon. 
mat). [OFr. wffire, suffis-.'] 

Suffire, Suffer, v. to endure, 
suffer, bear, I 34, II 264, IV a 
88, ix 7, &c. ; permit, let, 
VHI a 74, 174, xvi 378; 
Ysuffred, //. n 559. [OFr. 
suffrir."] 

Euffranca, n. sufferance (of God), 
VIII a 138. [OFr suffrancel\ 

Suienda. See Sue(n). 

Suir, adj. sure, XIV c 39 ; Sure, 
adv. securely, well, xvn 282. 
[OFr. *(0*f.] 

Suld(e); Sulle; Sum(me). See 
Schal ; Selle(n) ; Sorn(e). 

Summer, n. (main) beam, X 104. 
[OFr. som(i)er, sumer.] 

Sumoun, v. to summon ; mad 
sumoun, made (men) summon 
(them). VI 179. [OFr. sumuntr.~\ 

Sun; Sundir; Sung g)e; Sun(ne); 
Sunner. SeeSonc, n. ; Sonder; 
Synge(n) ; Sonne ; Sone, adv. 

Supplantore;, n. pi. usurpers, 
VI 80. [OFr. sousplanteor, L. 
supplantator.'} 

Suppos(e), v. to imagine, xvn 
221 ; suppos that, even suppos- 
ing that, X introd. [OFr. sup- 
poser.] 

Surfait, n. surfeit, excess (per- 
sonified), vni a 262. [OFr. 
surfait ] 

Sustenaunce, n. sustenance, 
liTelihood, XI b 297. [OFr. 
sustena\u] nee. ] 

Suster, n. sister, I 36 ; Soster, 
XV gl, 10; Syster, -yr, I 112, 
126. [OE. s(iv)Mster, swoster; 
ON. ystir.-} 

Sutelt6, n. cunning, skill in inven- 
tion, X 74. [OFr. s(o}utilt4.'] 



Suth ; Su]>the. vS"^Solh(e) ; SiJ>en 
Suthfast, adj. true. X introd. 

[OE. soj>-fzst.~] See Soth(e). 
Suthfastnes, . truth, X introd. 

[OE. s$ffmst-*ts.~\ 
Swa, Zuo (in), adv. demonslr. 

thus, so, in this way, in 17, 39, 

iv b 19, 45, x 13; thereupon, 

III 28 ; therefore, III 36 ; in the 
same way, IV b 49 ; so mightily, 
X 144 ; swajiat, zuofet, so that, 
in 18, x 155, 157. [OE. swd.} 
See So. 

Swage, v. to become assuaged ; to 
grow less, xiv c in. [Short- 
ened from OFr. asojiagierJ] 

Swalprit, pa. t. floundered, vii 
162. [? Only recorded here ; cf. 
Du. zwalpen ; G. (dial.) schwal- 
pen.] 

Swange. See Swynke. 

Swappit,/a./. let fly, x 83, 91,99. 
[? Altered form of OE. swapan.~] 

Swarte, adj. black, XV A I . [OE. 
sweart.~\ 

Swat. See Swete, v. 

Swavnand, pres. p. swooning, X 
56 (v.r. swonande). [Not a pos- 
sible Scottish form of Swone, 
q.v. Perh. scribal corruption of 
swalmand, or swemand; see 
&..>., s.w. Swalm t Sweam.~] 

Swech. See Swiche. 

Bweng, n. labour, vi 215. [OE. 
(ge-^swenc, -s~uinc, occas. 
-s-ving.~\ See Swynke. 

Swerd, Sworde (v), . sword, 
ii 295, v 251, xiv b 13, 61, 
xvn 103. [OE. sweord, switrd, 
&c.] 

Swere, v. to swear, take one's 
oath, V 54, VIII b 59, XII b 165, 
xvn 327, &c.; Swor, pa. t. 
XII b 200 ; Swoir, X 73 ; 
Swore, pp. xn b 44. [OE. 
swerian.~] See Forsworn. 

Swete, adj. sweet, II 414, 442, 

IV a 73, V 169 (see Sire), xv/ 
i, &c. ; Suete, XV b 5 ; siuete 
wiHe, good pleasure, II 384 ; 
(/<*/) swete, (that) sweet one, 
iv a 78, xv / 7 ; Swetter*, 
compar. (ativ.) vill a an; 



GLOSSARY 



Suetost, Swettest, super!, iv a 
53,Introduction xii. [OE.swete; 
cotnpar. swettra.} See Swote. 

Swete, v. to sweat, 1x96 ; (joined 
with allit. swynke or its transla- 
tion trauayle), villa 26, 122, 
b 59, xiv c 94, xvii 195 ; Swat, 
pa. t. vi^226. [OE. sw&tan, 
pa. t. swse.tte.'} 

Swetnesse, Swettnes, . sweet- 
ness, IV a 89, b 44. [OE. 
swel*nes.~\ 

Sweuene, . dream, ix 83, XII a 
49, 97, 127, 147. [OE. swefn.} 

Swiche, Swych(e), adj. such, 
12, 92, 11198, 317, &c. ; Swech, 
xv 7/3; Sich(e), xi a 4 1,^159, 
xvii 400, &c. ; Such(e), n 46, 
IX 227, &c. ; swych, such, such 
a, I 79, xii a 86 ; swiche a, 
what a !, II 505 ; swech . . . 
a, such a, XV h 1 6 ; JMC//^, of 
like kind, XII a 82 ; pron. pi. 
VIII a 33, 213; alle swyche 
(with sg. verb), everything of the 
kind, I 9. [OE. sivelc, swilc, 
swylc, swulc.\ See Swilke, Slike. 

Swyft, Swifte, adj. swift, VI 
211, XIV c 65; Swiftenes, n. 
swiftness, swift passing, VII 12. 
[OE. swift, swift-ties.] 

Swikele, adj. treacherous, xv,f 7. 
[OE. swicol.] 

Swilke, Swylk(e), adj. of this 
kind, such, IV a 35, XVI 38, 116; 
Sic, X 40, 66, 74, 1 03, 1 35; pron. 
pi. such folk, IV b 25. [Northern 
form of Swiche, q.v.~\ 

Swym, . dimness, oblivion, VII 
12. [OE. swima, swoon.] 

Swimrne, to swim ; Swim- 
Ta.eTO.die, pres. p. xn a 17, 172 ; 
Swam, pa. t. vii 162. [OE. 
swimman.} 

Swyn, n. pi. swine, VIII b 19. 
[OE. swin.] 

Swyngyng, . swinging, strokes, 
vii 162. [OE. swlngan.} 

Swynke, n. toil; in sudore (L.) 
and swynke (var. on usual swete 
and swink}, Vlii a 229. [OE. 
(ge-}su>inc.} See Sweng. 

Swynke, *. to toil (freq. allit. 



with swete), villa 26, 122, 188, 
210, ^59, xvii 195; Swange, 
pa. t. pi. VI 226. [OE. swincan, 
and occas. in same sense swin- 
gan.~\ 

Swire, Swyre, n. neck, xiv b 68 
(iHstrib. sg, ; see Herte), xv c 27. 
[OE. swira.] 

Swipe, Swype, Swith, adv. 
very, n 118; exceedingly, n 
472 ; (very) quickly, I 106, n 
474, v 191, xiv b 51 ; also 
swipe, as swype, at once, I 1 1 1, 
ii 574 (see Also, Ase). [OE. 
swipe.'} 

Swndir; Swoir. See Sonder; 
Swere. 

Swolowet, pp. swallowed, VII 12. 
[OE. swe(o]lgan.'\ 

Swon, n. swan, xv c 27. [OE. 
swan, swonJ\ 

Swone, n. swoon, in fal yn a 
swotie, fallen in a swoon, I 195 
(note) ; orig. false analysis of 
fallyn aswone, fallen swooning 
(cf. II 549). [OE. ge-swogen, 
ME. (f)swowen, &c., pp.] See 
Aswone. 

Swone, v. to swoon, 11 197. 
[ME. swo(w)nen, from prec.] 

Swor(e). See Swere. 

Swot(e), adj. pleasant, sweet, 
xv a 13,- 1 8. [OE. swot.'} See 
Swete, adj. 

Ta. See Take(n). 

Tabernacle, . high-seat under a 
canopy, II 412. [OFr. taber- 
nacle.} 

Tabourer, . player on the tabour, 
II 521. [From next] 

Tabure, Tabour, n. tabour, small 
drum, I 6, II 301. [OFr. 
tabour.'} 

Tache, v. to fasten, V 108 ; fig., to 
set, implant, vi 104. [Shortened 
from OFr. atachier.~\ 

Tajt. See Teche(n). 

Tagyld, pp. entangled, encum- 
bered, iv 62. [Obscure; appar. 
peculiar to Rolle.] 

Taile, n. tail, xvi 159 (see Top). 
[OE. txgl.} 



GLOSSARY 



Tayll. See Tale. 

Takelles, n. pi. tackle, gear, vn 
148. [MLG. takel.'] 

Take(n), Tak, Ta (v, x), v. (i) to 
catch, capture, vn 121, IX 243, 
x 71, xni a 38, &c. ; seize, fall 
upon, vin a 138, 258; get, vi 
192, vni a 133. &c.; take, n 74, 
v 289, ix 123, x 130 (see Hond), 
143, xiv d 6, &c.; see also 
In(e), Mynde, Reward(e), &c. ; 
pick (up), II 550, XII b 136; 
assume, xn a 114; choose, 
VIII b 83, XI b 76, &c. ; accept, 
receive, xi 268, xvi 331 ; (ii) 
to commit, entrust, see pp. ; 
(iii) to make, xvu 137, 272. 
Takth, 3 sg. pres. xn 136; 
Tas, v 237; Totg, goes, VI 153 
(cf. Nyme ; see note). Tok(e), 
Took, pa. t. I 136, II 19, 64, V 
175 (). XI b 2 73, xiv c 45, 
&c. Take, //. xi b 271 ; hath 
take, has been stricken with, 
XII a 1 1 ; Takyne, x 7 1 ; Tane, 
X 19, XVI 172 (entrusted) ; hase 
tone, has (got), iv a 53 ; Tone, 
committed, v 91 (see vi 153, 
note); Itake, Ytake, xnia 
38, xv 15. [ON. taka.~] 

Tald(e). See Telle. 

Tale, Tayll (xvu), . tale, story ; 
talk ; word(s), what one has 
said, I 247, V 56. VI 230, XII b 
88, xvi 273, xvn 315, &c. ; 
upon the tale, immed. after 
their talk, Xll 147; //. idle 
tales, villa 52, 54; see Telle, 
and next. [OE. tain.'} 

Talk, v. to talk; speak of, V 
304; with cognate obj. in talk 
J>e tale, hold the converse, V 65. 
[Prob. OE. *talcian, rel. to 
prec.] 

Talouna, n. pi. talons, IX 254. 
[OFr. taloun.~] 

Tane. See Take(n). 

Tappe, n. tap, knock, V 289. 
[Echoic; cf. OFris. tap; OFr. 
taper, v.j 

Targe, n. (small) shield, XIV c 55. 
[OFr. targe.'] 

Tary(e), Tarie, v. to harass; 



trans, to hinder, delay, keep 
(waiting), ix in, XVII 236; 
intr. for refi. to be troubled (or 
as next, but cf. Tene, .), xvu 
210; to linger, tarry, xil b 28, 
xvil 244, 497, 499; Taryy- 
(i)ng, n. delay, xvil 377, 475. 
[OE. tergan, &c. annoy ; OFr. 
tarier, torment ; the sense- 
development is curious.] 

Tas. See Take(n). 

Tasse, n. pile, xil b 33. [OFr. 
fas.'] 

Tast(e), v. to test; to sound 
(water), xvil 448; to experi- 
ence, xvi 358. [OFr. taster.'] 

Taterynge, n. tearing (long notes) 
to fragments (cf. smale brekynge, 
138), or babbling, singing with- 
out regard to the sense, XI b 159. 
[ME. tateren (i) to tear to rays ; 
cf. ON. tb'turr, tatters: (ii) to 
babble; cf. MDu. MLG. tateren, 
babble.] 

Tau3t,e(n),Tauhte. <SV<r Teche(n). 

Taxoure, n. assessor, vin a 40. 
[OFr. taxour.'] 

Te, prep, in for te (with infin.), to, 
xv b 30, c 1 8. [Unaccented re- 
duction of To.] 

Te, v. to draw ; intr. to go, II 
312, 290, 318; TeJ), pres. pi. 
draw near, II 274. [OE. teon.~\ 

Te. See J>e def. art. ; ]?ou. 

Teche(n) , v. to teach, show (the 
way), direct, *IV b 60 (see note), 
V 7, VIII a 6, 76, XI b 5, &c. ; 
Ta;t, pa. t. V 311 ; Tau3t(e), 
villa 202, 296, xi a 20, b 12, 
&c. ; Tauhte, vni b 5; Tau3t(e) , 
//. vnia 23, xi a 6, &c. ; 
Ytau3t, XIII b 21 ; Techinge, 
-ynge, n. teaching, xi a 56, b 
121, Xlii b 30,&c. [OE.tsecan, 
t&fite, tahte.~] 

Teyn. See Tene, n. and v. 

Tell(e), Tel, v. to enumerate, re- 
count, n 263, 373, xv c 26; to 
account, consider, I 19 ; to tell, 
relate, mention (foil, by dat. 
without to), I 22, 58, II 1 15, V 
62, xvil 164, &c. ; herd slike 
tales tell, heard such tales told, 

9 



GLOSSARY 



Xiv* 35; to recite, v 120. 


Teornep. See Tnrne. 


TelJ), 3 sg. pres. in 38 ; Talde, 


Ter, n. tar, x 19 ; Tar, xvil 127, 


pa. t. iv a 84 ; Told(e), I 262, 


282. [OE. te(o]ru} 


II 86, &c.; Toolde, xia 65; 


Teres, n.pl. tears, n 327. [OE. 


Tald(e), pp. IV a 50, X 140; 


tear.'] 


Told(e), XII a 147, XVI 149, 


Terme, n. appointed period, vi 


&c.; Ytold^), highly thought 


143. [OFr. terme.~\ 


(of), XIII* 25. [OE. tellan; 


Testament, n. testament, will, 


pa. t. tdlde.} 


111 33. 35 xn introd. [L. tcs* 


Teme, . 1 team (for ploughing), 


tdmentum.~\ 


vin a 128. [OE. team.'] 


Tap, n.pl. teeth, n 539. [OE. 


Teme, . 2 theme, subject, villa 23. 


tip, pi.] 


[OFr. tesme, *teme L. thema] 


Te]>. See Te, v. 


Teme(n) (to), v. to be attached 


Tethee, adj. touchy, irritable, 


(in loyalty to), belong, VI 100. 


xvn 1 86. [Obscure ; see 


[OE. teman, appeal (to an 


N.E.D., s.v. Teethy.~\ 


authority).] 


Text, n. text ; words or account 


Temporal, adj. temporal, x\ i> 
140, 272. [L. temporalis.'] 


of the original authority, VII 51 
(cf. Destr. Troy 407). [OFr. 


Tempest(e), , storm, tempest, 


texte.~] 


vn 103, xn a 137, &c. ; gen. sg. 


Th-. See p-. 


(before sake ; see xvn 88, note), 


Tyde, n. time ; patyche tyde, at the 


I 177. [OFr. tentpeste.~\ 


same time, together, I 208 ; (at, 


Tempre, v. to tune, II 437, 526. 


iti) J>at tyde, then, thereupon, v 


[OE. temprian, from L. tern- 


18, 100, xvn 39; j>istyde,no\\, 


perare.~\ 


xvi 184, 215. [OE. /fc/.] 


Tenaunt, . tenant, villa 39. 


Tide, v. to happen, befall ; tide 


[OFr. tenant.} 


wat bitide, come what may, 11 


Tendre, Tender, adj. soft, IX 39, 


339; Tid(e),/a. t. vn 81 \ pat 


4 o; tender, vi 52 ; Tenderly, 


tidfor to, chanced to, did, vn 


adv. tenderly, ivaS?. [OFr. 
tendre.~\ 
Ten(e), adj. ten, 11 99, 183, &c. 


178. [OE. tldan.~\ 
Tydely, adv. quickly, xvn 291. 
[ON. tiS-ffga, with ME. / >//.] 


[OE. *(*).] 


See Tyte. 


Tene, Teyn (xvil), . suffering, 


Tiding, Tydinge, Tythyng 


grief, IV a 36, b 28, viiSi, vma 


(xvil), . (piece of) news, 


127, xvil 533; anger, villa 


tidings, II 97, xil a 36 ; //. news, 


Hi ; injury, in in tene, wrong- 


n 487 ; nt'we tydynges, ty- 


fully, vn 178 ; as adj. dismal, 


Ihyngis, ix 278, xvn 199. [OE. 


ill, V 7. [OE. teona.'} 


tidnng; ON. tidindi.'] 


Tene, Teyn (xvn), v. trans, to 


Tyje, Tye, v. to tie, xvn 225 ; 


injure, vin a 39 ; intr. to feel 


as an allit. synonym of Tache 


grief, xvil 210. [OE. tenan, 


(q.v.*), VI 104. [OE. tigan.~] 


teonian.~\ 


Tyjt, //. come, arrived, VI 143. 


Tent, adj. tenth, xvn 478. [ME. 


[ME. tihten; OE. lyhtan, draw. 


tenSe, tend(e), tent (cf. Fift) ; 


Cf. Te, .] 


ON. tiundi.'} 


Tyyl, . brick, xnia 25. [OE. 


Tente (on), n. notice (of), vi 27. 
[Shortened from OFr. atente.~\ 


Til, Tyl, Till(e), conj. until, VII 


Tent(e), v. to look after, xvi 172, 


167, vin b 38, xii a 150, xvi 24, 


XVII 433 ; tent (/*, hedir), pay 
attention (to, to me), xvn 291, 
421. [From prec.] 


&c. [From next.] 
Til, Till(e), Tyl(l), prep, (in 
Northern texts synon. and inter- 



GLOSSARY 



changeable with To ; not with 
To- prefix, as scribal error at 
X 75), to, towards, into, up to, 
iv a 6, 18, 33, x 26, 81, xiv 
72, XVI 32, &c. ; (postponed) 
IV a 30, x 77, xvi 393; with 
infin. X 4, 14, &c. (and see For) ; 
for, IV a 93, b 25; until, I 185, 
II 75, IV a 35 &c.; till pat, tyl 
. . . fiat, until (conj.\ VI 188, 
ix 224, 229, xiv c 98, &c. 
[OE. (rare Nth.) tit; ON. til.] 
See Intil, par(e). 

Tyl, v. to entice, I 50. [Cf. OE. 
be-tillan,for-tyllan^\ 

Tilye, v. to labour for, earn, vili a 
229; to till, Vina 232. [OE. 
tilian.] 

Tyme, Time, time, period, season, 
occasion, I 142, vi 143, vn 19, 
vin b 106, xn a 27, &c. ; -whan 
tymc is, when it is (the) time, 
villa u, 72; (life)time, day, 
I 27, vn 8, vin b 107, &c. ; 
//. periods, hours, VIII b 107 ; 
any tyme, at any time, ivb 44 ; 
at J>is tyme, (for) now, v 23, 
ix 270 ; for pe tyme, for the 
time being, xi b 128; /ram 
tyme fat t from the time (conj.~) t 
xin b 21; in tyme, opportunely, 
XVI 149 ; many tyme, often, ix 
44; see Heigh, Ofte(n), Som(e), 
&c. [OE. tttna.'] 

Tymed, //. timed, v 173. [From 
prec.] 

Timliche, adj. temporal, ill \, 
60. [OE. tint-lie^ 

Tyne, v. to lose, iva 52 ; totyne, 
for nothing, in vain, xvn 441 ; 
Tynde, Tynt, pp. vn 103, 
VIII b 97. [ON. tyrta.] 

Tyrantis, n. pi. tyrants, xvi 311. 
[OFr. tyrant^ 

Tired, pa. t. attired, II 586. 
[Shortened from Atire, g.v.~] 

Tyste, vi i oo. Usually interpreted 
nsty)te(see App., p. 278), tight, 
close ; this is not else recorded 
until early Mn.E. (where it is 
obscure alteration of ME. pijt, 
*- 



Tyte, adv. quickly, xvi 332 ; as 
tyte, at once, xvn 219. [ON. 
titt, neut. of tid-r.] See Tydely. 

Tythe, . tenth part, tithe, vin a 
86. [OE. ti(d]gopa, &c., tenth.] 

Tythingis. See Tiding. 

To, adv. too, I 108, n 335, V 232, 
vi 121, Vina 260, b 23, 24, 
IX 267, XIV a 2, b 91. [OE. to; 
orig. same word as To, 



To, cotij. till, XVII 241, 381, 499 ; 
cf. Til. [From next ; cf. OE. 
to-pass- f>e.~\ 

To, prep, to, I 9, &c.; (postponed) 
II 1 19, 51 7 ; to hint was, he had, 
xi b 285-6; (hunt) after, vino 
30, 31 ; at, II 441, 579, V 265, 
vn 85, xvn 343 (see Biholde) ; 
to my /lend, in, under, my hands, 
XVII 255 ; in, according to, XVII 
28 ; (turn) into, IV a 94, b 26 ; 
on, on to, II 549, v 264, vi 74, 
vn 174, villa 66, ix 182; up to, 
11156; until, xi b 25; towards, 
with regard to, vi 108 (see Fare, 
f.); against, XI b in; for, n 
485, vi 147, vin b 14, XI b 56, 
59, XVII 109, &c. ; jou to, for 
yourselves, xiv a* 7; to me (ix 
100), see note; for, by way of, 
as, in, vii 70, ix 150, xi 223, 
XII a 3; see Mede; to plesynge 
(&c.) of, so as to please, &c., IX 
333, xi b 108, &c. Adv. to it. 
on, XI b 200 ; go to, get along, 
XVII 236 ; pat ... to, to which, 
i 33i v 29 ; to and fro, xvn in. 
[OE. td.~] See Te, J>ar(e). 

To. See Tuo. 

To-breke, v. intr. to burst, break, 
iva 78 ; suly. sg. mpin herte pe 
(dat.) tobreke, may your heart 
be, stricken with remorse (or 
literally break) within you, xv.f 
10. [OE. to-brecan.} 

To -chine, pp. cracked; al to- 
chine, all scarred, II 262. [OE. 
to-cinan.] 

To-dele, v. to divide, xina 55. 
[OE. to-dmlan.~\ 

To-dryue, v. to dispel, destroy; 
subj. sg. xv & 16. [OE. to- 
drifan.\ 

9 * 



GLOSSARY 



To-for(e), adv. before, xn 188 ; 

nou tofore, just now, xil* 43; 

prep, before, in front of, xn* 

131, Xina43, b 26. [OE. to- 
foran.~] 
To-fruschyt, pa. t. smashed to 

pieces, *x 75 (Ms. till frusche ; 

see Til). [OE. to- + OFr.ft-uis- 

sier.~\ 
To5ere, adv. this year ; no)t tojere, 

not for a long time yet, vi 228. 

[OE. to gcare.] 
To-gidre, -gider(e), -gyd(e)re, 

adv. together, n 121, IX 173, 

253, xi* 9, xv A 9, &c. ; To- 

gedre ; -geder, -yr, -ur, I 229, 

VII 131, ix 53, xiv c 29, &c. 

[OE. to-gasdereJ] 
Togideres, adv. together, villa 

175. [Free. + adv. -.] 
To^t, adj. taut, firmly bound ; 

made hit tojt, ? made a compact 

of it, VI 162. Maken hit 
tough(f), is a fixed expr. = raise 

objections, make conditions (see 

forms and senses in N.E.D., 

s.v. 'TougK); but this would 

require ne for ami. [OE. *to/it, 

rel. to teon, draw.] 
Toiper. See ToJ>er. 
Tok(e), Token. See Take(n). 
Token, -yn, Tokne, . token ; 

sign, omen, Xll 149, XVH47I, 

517; memento, v 330. [OE. 

tdcn.} 
Tokynyng, n. indication, proof, 

xvil 476. [OE. tacnung.-\ 
Told(e). See Telle. 
Tole, . weapon, v 192, xvi 179. 

[OE. tol.-] 
Tolled, /a. t. enticed, I 53. [OE. 

*tollian, rel. to Tyl, z>.j 
Tom(e), Tume (x), . leisure, 

opportunity, vii 43, X 143 ; 

time, vi 225. [ON.^o'w.] 
Tomorwe, adv. to-morrow, II 165, 

XII* 170. [OE. to morgeu.-] 
Ton,pron. in }e ton, the one, xi * 

27, 104. [False division of J>et 

on ; on J>et see J>e, def. art.~\ 

See On(e), To>er. 
Tone. See Take(n). 
Tong(e), Tung(e), . tongue : 



ii 222, iv a 89, xvn 398 (dis- 
trib. sg. ; see Herte) ; speech, 
language, I 58, Vina 52, xia 7, 
XIII* 2, &c. ; hold pi long, 
XVII 217; (spekyngc) in tonge, 
(words) on tongue, on our 
tongues, XI * 1 2 1. [OE. t&nge.] 

Toolde. See Telle. 

Top. Toppe, n. hair on the crown 
of the head, XV- 16 ; top, xva 
469; (of a ship = Topcastell", 
xvn 271 ; fro toppe to taile, 
from top to bottom, beginning 
to end, xvi 159. [OE. topp.~\ 

Topcastell, n. fighting top, em- 
battled platform at mast-top for 
archers, &c., vii 148, x 121. 
[Free. + Castell, q.v.\ 

To-rett,/a. t. rent in pieces, II 81 
(riming witf). [OE. to + ME. 
ritten, OE. *rittan.'\ 

Torfer, n. hardship, vn 81. [OX. 
tor-f&ri^ 

Torne. See Turne. 

To-rochit, //. torn to shreds, VII 
147. [OE. to-+*ryccan, pull 
(see Ryched).] 

Tot5- See Take(n). 

Toper, -ir, Toiper, Touper, 
adj. and pron. in J>e toper, &c., 
the other, I 181, vn 63, ix 4, 
X introd., xi * 104. [False 
division (not merely in spell- 
ing see allit. at vii 63) of 
pet oper ; see J?e, def. art.'] See 
O};er(e), Ton. 

To-J>rete, v. to menace, xivr 102. 
[OE. to- +preatian.'] 

To- tore, To-torn, //. torn (to 
pieces), n 106, 171, 173, 538. 
[OE. to-teran, pp. to-toren"]. 

Tou, Tow. See J>ou. 

Touche, Toche. Towch, v. to 
touch, reach, affect, *iv6 60 
(note), XV // 1 8 (note), xvn 
462; touchsth to, joins on to, 
IX 182 ; touche of, touch on, 
treat of, ix 282, Xlla 90. [OFr. 
toucher.'] 

Toumbe, n. tomb, I 243. [OFr 
tuntbe. ] 

Toun(e), Tounne, Town(e), . 
town. I f-2, II 588, VII 112, 



GLOSSARY 



121, x 12, 46, xiv a 7, b 83, 
XVJI 539> &c - ' * w ' oftoun, out 
of the town (or from the society 
of men; see below), n 236; to 
toune, to town, XII b 27; ]>e 
tonnes ends, end of the main 
street, outskirts of the town, 
II 481, 564; the dwellings of 
men, the world, xv I, c 28 
(cf. OE. lencten gsej> to tune) ; 
in ilke a toune, among all men, 
xvi 253. [OE. tun.'] 

Tour, Towre, . tower, II 159, 
2 45 359 xvn 349; (of a ship 
= Castell), xiv c 18. [Late 
OE. tiir from OFr. tour.'] 

Tourne(s). See Turne. 

Touper. See To)>er. 

Toward(e), prep, towards, in the 
direction of , ix 3 1 , 7 1 , 1 36, &c. ; 
me toivarde, to me, VI 78 ; 
with regard to, in the eyes of, 
xii a 17 ; Towardes, prep, to- 
wards, ix 225. [OE. tu-weard, 
-luean/es.] 

Towch(ith\ See Tonche. 

Tray, . misery, xvii 533. [OE. 
trega.'] 

Trayno, n. 1 stratagem, guile, vn 
94, xvi 9. [OFr. trainc.~] 

Trayne, u. z error for tayncr, bur- 
row, fox's earth, ix 222. [OFr. 
taigitere.} 

Trayst, adj. faithful, \v a 41. 
[ON. traust-r, inn. by next.] 
See Tryste, Trystyly. 

Traist(e), Traste '(on, to), v. to 
trust (in), rely (on), iv a 68, 
xvi 1 79 ; truforto traist, to be 
relied on, trustworthy, vn 17 (cf. 
xvii 5 1 5). [ON. treystal\ See 
Tnst. 

Traytoure, n. traitor, xvi 150. 
[OFr. traitre, ace. sg. traitour.~\ 

Transforme, v. transform, xn a 
I2 3 f thut h e hadde f>e trans- 
formed, from that (into which) 
he had been changed, XI I a 20. 
[OFr. transformer.} 

Translate, v. to translate, VII 71, 
XI a 17, 19, 26; Translat- 
ing, n. XI a 43. [OFr. trans- 
later^ 



Trantis, . //. tricks, xvi 159. 
[? Cf. MDu. trant, step.] 

Traste. See Traist(e). 

Trauail(le), Trauayl(e), Tra- 
ueile, Trauel, &c., n. labour, 
toil, I 206, iv a 3, b 8, XI b 227, 
XII b 197 ; trauel and tene, toil 
and trouble, \\ a 36, vill a 127 ; 
affliction, I 204; travel Journey, 
v 1 73. [OFr. travail(le).'] 

Trauail(l)e, Trauayl(l)e, Tra- 
val(e), Trauele(n), v. to toil, 
labour, IV b u, vi 190, Vina 
133, x 142, xi a 17, 49, XII b 
140, xiv<:94; travel, xni ^40; 
trans, subject to hardship, IX 
272; afflict, IX 93; Trauail- 
lynge (in), n. assiduity (in), 
vin a 244. [OFr. travailler.} 

Traues, v. to thwart ; 3 sg. prcs. 
xvi 150. [OFr. traverser.] 

Tra-w(e ) ; Trawpe. See Trow(e) ; 
Treuthe. 

Tre, Tree, n. tree, n 268, 508, 
xii a 74, xvii 34, &c. ; wood, 
xni a 44 ; piece of timber, xvii 
253; cross, IV a 86; Trees,/)/, 
vn 103, &c. ; Treis, logs, x 21 ; 
Tren, trees, xill a 5 1 , 53 ; pieces 
of wood, xill a 44. [OE. treoJ] 

Treble, n. ? treble note, XV A 18. 
[OFr. treble.'] 

Trechery(e), . treachery, n 7, 
v 315. [OFr. trecherie.] 

Treson, n. ; do him tr., work 
treason against him, xiv b 38. 
[OFr. (rai'son, AFr. treson.~\ " 

Tresour, Tresowre, . treasure, 
VI I 1 2 1 , XI b 283. [OFr. tresor.} 

Trete, v. to treat, consider, xiv c 
14. [OFr. trailer, treticr.} 

Tretys, . treatise, IX 290. [AFr. 
treiiz.~] 

Treuthe ; Trouthe, Trovtrthe, 
XII ; Trawpe, v, vi; Truth(e), 
vn; n. truth, vu 43, 51, 94; 
(personified) villa 16, 39, &c. ; 
fidelity, xii a 164 ; faith, 
(plighted) word, troth, v 219, 
vni a 35, xii b 164, 203; com- 
pact, v 280 ; honesty, vni a 
70, 90; equity, VI 135. [OE. 
treowj>.] See Vntrawj'e. 



GLOSSARY 



Trew(e) ; Treue, xi b 51; Tru, 


by Manning) j ? cf. watt(e)rot, 


vn 17 ; Truee, v 173 ; Trwe, 


Piers PI. B xxi, 146.] 


v 286, VI 6 1 ; adj. faithful, 


Trouble, adj. muddy, not clear, 


loyal, II 554, iva 41, XI* 51, 


IX 12, 34, 104. [OFr. trouble^ 


xiia 195, xv a 21, &c. ; trusty, 


Trouthe, Trowthe. See Treuthe. 


honest, v 173, 286; (vaguely, 


Trow(e), v. to believe (in), be 


as compliment), II 23 ; true, 


sure, think, I 23, II 429, v 137, 


truthful, vin a 52, ix 298, 


ix 151, xi a 31, xiii b 60, xvi 


xi a 37, 71, 121, xvi 273, 


95, &c. ; Traw(e), vi 127, xvn 


&c. ; true (in fact), vi 01, 


45, 244, &c.; *Trod,#>. I 254 


xvn 201 ; Trwe, adv. loyally 


(MS. trowed ; riming God see 


vi 100 ; honestly, v 286. [OE. 


etym. and note) ; trowepe . . . of, 


(ge-}treowe.~] See Vntrewe. 


trust yon in, v 170; (with double 


Trewe, . truce, vin a 326. [OE. 


obj.) traive me pat, believe me 


treow.'] See Truse. 


in that, v 44. [OE. treowan, 


Trew(e)ly,Treuly (ix), Trw(e)ly 
(V), adv. loyally, faithfully, V 


truwian, and perh. OEast Scand. 
troa (I 254).] 


280; correctly, rightly, villa 


Tru(ee) ; Truth(e). Ar<rTrew(e); 


23, XI a 37; indeed, IX 247; 


Trenthe. 


confidently, iv a 68, v 44, xvi 


Trunpes, n. pi. trumpets, II 301. 


95. [OE. treow-lice.'] 


[OFr.trumpe.] See Trompour. 


Trewman, . honest fellow; (as 


Trus, v. \ trus sam, pack up, xvn 


name), xiv d 6, 16. 


316. [OFr. tro(u)sst-.~] See 


Tribute, . tribute, IX 190. [OFr. 


Vntrusse. 


tribut, L. tribfitum^ 


Truse, . truce, vii 94. [Orig. 


Triet, //. proved (true), VII 17. 


pi. ; OE. treow, and treowa (pi. 


[OFr. trier.1 


in sg. sense).] See Trewe. 


Trifuls, . //. nonsense, foolish 


Trusse, Trosse, . bundle, XII b 


lies, vii 43. [Cf. OFr. frw/fc.] 


30,104,120. [OFr. tro(ii)sse.~\ 


Trinit^. TrynytS, -tee, -ty, . 


Trust. See Trist. 


(the) Trinity, IX 338, xvn 30, 


Trwe, Trw(e)ly. See Trew-. 


83, 169, &c. [OFr. trinite.~\ 


Tuaye, Twey(n), adj. two, I 41, 


Trist, Tryst, Trust, v. to trust, 


in io,xm i6,xv/* 18. [OE. 


XVII 505 ; trewfor to trist, to be 


twegen, masc.] See Tuo. 


relied on, trusty, xvn 515 (cf. vii . 


Tulk(e), n. man, V 6^, vii 6^. 


1 7) ; trust ye non other, believe 


[? Cf. ON. tAOt-r, spokesman.] 


nothing else, vii 42 (cf. Deme) ; 


Tume ; Tunge. See Tom(e) ; 


perto je tryst, be sure of that, v 


Tong(e). 


257. [OE. * try stan, or OX. 


Tuo, adj. (orig. fern, and neut. 


*trysta, rel. to Traist(e) ; cf. 


of Tuaye, and still so distin- 


MHG. trust.'] 


guished in use in III), two, n 83, 


Tryste, adj. trust} 7 ; adv. faithfully, 
in trive and tryste, *vi too (MS. 


hi 12, xii a 29, 136, 180; 
Two, v 284, &c. ; Twa, iv 


tyste). [Related to Traiste as 


14; To, ii 64, in, 135; in 


prec.] 


two, (broken) in two, xvn 412; 


Trystyly, adv. faithfully, V 280. 


oone or two, one or two, several, 


[From t/LE.tristi, &c., extended 


xvn 133, 484. [OE. twa.~\ See 


from prec.] 


Ato. 


Trompour, w. trumpeter, n 521. j Turmente, v. to torment, perse- 


[OFr. trompour.~\ .SVifTrunpes. 1 cute, xvi 312. [OFr. tur- 


Trosse. See Trusse. meuter.~\ 


Troteuale, n. idle tale, I 257. i Turmentis, . //. torments, xvi 


[Unknown (used several times ) 358. [OFr. turment.'] 



GLOSSARY 



Turn(e) ; Teorne, xm a 53 ; 
Tome, iv a 44 (see note), xn 
passim ; Tourne, IV a 3, v 7 ; v. 
trans, to turn, ix 73, xma 32 ; 
turned into, diverted to, XI a 
229 ; with (iti)til, (in)to, change, 
turn (into), iva 94, b 26, Vlll* 
107, xn a 168, xm a 43, &c. ; 
pervert, vn 42, xvi 332 ; trans- 
late, XI a 36 ; reft, turn, IV b 37 ; 
intr. tnrn (back), iv b 83, xn a 
33, b 142 ; tunic vntill, turn 
upon, XVII 218 ; turne to, return 
upon, ix 87 ; pass, proceed (to), 
v 7, xiv a heading ; (with til, 
into] change, turn (into), IV a 72, 
XIII a 30, 53 ; turneth to ben, 
turns, becomes, ix 23. Yturnd 
(to}, inclined to, fond of, xm 
64; Turnyng, . translating, 
XI a 44. [O E. tuniian, tyrnan ; 
OFr. to(u)rtier.~\ 

Turtill, n. turtle-dove, xvn 506. 
[OE. turtle.-] 

Twa; Twey(n). See Tuo ; Tuaye. 

Twelue, adj. twelve, i 30. [OE. 
twelf(e).-] 

Tweluemonth(e), TwrelmonyJ), 
n. twelvemonth, year, I 97 ; 
quasi-adv. a year ago, V 1 75 ; 
pat tweluemonpc, all that year, 
I 103 ; (atf>e~) tweluemonth tndc, 
at the end of a year, I 95, 187. 
[OE. twelf nioti(a)J>, pi.] 

Twyneth, 3 sg.fres. twines, joins, 
xv h 1 8 (see note). [ME. 
twlnen ; ? from OE. twin, twine, 
.] 

Twynkelyng, n. twinkling, in yn 
tw. of an ye, I 192. [OE. twin- 
clian.~] 

Twyn(ne), v. intr. separate, part, 
iv a 19 xvi 278. [Cf. OE. 
(ge-}t-unnn, double.] See A- 
twynne. 

Twyys, adv. twice, I 182 ; for the 
second time, xvn 362. [OE. 
twi(g~ja + adv. -esJ] 

Twnnys, n. gen. sg. tun's, great 
cask's, X 26. [OE. tunnel] 

pajfe), pau (xv), conj. (with 
subj.) though, even if, in 40, 



v 44, 68, vi 8, XV 30 ; if, that 
(after ' no wonder '), v 239, 346. 
[OE. unacc. form bah. or ON. 
*foh ; see J?ogh, f>ei.] 

pai, pay, pel, pey, adj.pl. those, 
x 25, 27, 135 ; pron.pl. those, ix 
128, 149, 216 (second), X 13,68, 
&c.; they, I 32, n 32, 523, iv 8, 
Vina 144, xvn 24, &c. ; alle 
fay, all of them, V 357, IX 104. 
Ace. and dat. (to, for) them, 
those: paym(e), iv 2, 19, 23, 
37, &c. ; pam(e), ivb 25, x 13, 
xiv b 14, &c. ; refi. (to, for) 
themselves, iv b 20, 37, 39, x 3, 
41, &c. ; pamaelfe, ace. them- 
selves, iv b 12. Pass. adj. (gen. 
pl.\ their: pair(e), iva 61, 
14, 19, x 28, &c. ; par(e), 
iva 59, x 78, xvi 18, 310, &c. ; 
peire, peyre, iv^ 27, 41; 
per(e), vn 9, xia i, xvi 20, 
30, &c. [ON J>ei-r ,}eim (dat), 
}eira.~\ See Hi, pron. pi. 

Thair. See par(e), adv. 

pan(e). See Janne, conj. ; }>at ; pe, 
def. art. 

pank, n. favour, XI b 167. [OE. 
]>anc.~\ 

Thank(e), v. to thank, xvi 381, 
xvn 172, &c.; ponk(k)e, II 
472, V 340, XII* 135 ; Thank- 
ynge, . IX 334. [OE. pan- 
dan, ]>oncian.~] 

pan(ne), adv. then, thereupon, 
afterwards, in that case, conse- 
quently, i 224, in 7, vn 169, 
Vina 34, xi b 16, 150, &c. ; 
pen(e), v 131, 191, 227, &c. ; 
penn(e), v 78, 92, 268, 321, 
&c. ; or than, or else, X 51. 
[OE. ponne, Jianne, jmenne.'] 

pan(ne), pane, pen(n), conj. 
than, i n, iv b 82, v 32, vi 195, 
IX 249, xvn 13, &c. ; nor, xvn 
108 (see note), 535. [As. prec.] 

Thapparence = J?e + Apparence- 

par, 3 ig. pres. need, v 287 ; 
inipers. in jow (ace.) far, you 
need, I 132. [OE. Pear/.} 

par(e), Thair, adv. there, iv b 39, 
V 105, X 31, 156, XIII a 10, &c. ; 
anticipatory iva 70, 89, &c.; rel. 



GLOSSARY 



(in cases) where, when, iva i, 
41,82, XIII a 4; combined with 
prep or adv., there-, it, them : 
Tharat,x 183, i86,&c.;par(e)- 
for(e), on that account, &c., 
I 88, 254, xv/ 6, &c. ; par- 
fram, (after fat rel.) from, XIII a 
37; par(e)in, parynne, IV a 
26, x 128, xnia 38; par(e)- 
of, IV b 57, x 23 ; Thartill, to 
it, X 48 ; parto, iv a 68, X '97, 
181 ; Tharwith, thereby, *iv 6 
63. [OE. fxr, far(a) ; and 
prob. unaccented f&r, fara.~\ 
See J>er(e), >>ore. 

par(e). See pai. 

pat.pet (ni),conj. (i) With indie. 
that, i 30, n 333, in 5, &c. ; so 
that (of result}, n 439, v 246, 
xv b 12, &c. ; until, II 76 ; after 
Swa (So), Swych, &c., passim ; 
(with nff.), without (with vbl. 
sf>.\ i 156, 197, &c. (ii) With 
subj. that, to (with infin. ; esp. 
after verbs of commanding, 
desiring, purposing, &c.), n 534. 
in 7, 37, xi b 217, xivc 99, &c. ; 
loosely connected with what pre- 
cedes, villa n (note), 52, xi b 
247 ; lest (after ' fear'), XI0 61, 
xvn 184, 372, &c.; so that (of 
purpose), in order that, lest (with 
neg.), I 220, iv a 22, b 13, xvi 
*99> 399> & c -5 see Forbede. 
So that, in order that, XII a 19, 
&c. ; wende . . . fat, go ... and, 
VIII 0271. Indef. where, if, IV b 
75. 83, &c. (iii) Forming con- 
junctions with preps, and advs. 
(orig. a pro-nominal use as in 
OE./or fam fe}, see the preps. 
&c.; subjoined to other conjs. 
(as 3if, &c.), see the conjs. ; 
or to rel. and interrog. advs. 
(see ]?at, re/.~), as whan that, 
when, IX 22, &c. ; hence used 
to obviate repetition of a conj.. 
in whan (that} . . . and that, 
when . . . and when, XII a 36, 
b 155-6, 180-2 ; similarly pleon- 
astic in fe more fat, the more, 
\\l> 114. [OE. //, >JB/fe.] 

pat, pet, demonstr. ad>. (i) As 



def. art. (orig. ncut.\ see ]>s. 
(ii) Emphatic that, I 93, 108, 
&c. ; the same, that very, I 95, 
190, 226, &c. pane, ace. sg. 
masc. that, III 9. for pi. see f>o, 
f>os. [See next.] 

pat; pet (in), pron. that, it, the 
same, II 131, 543, in 56, V 44, 
XIII b 49, &c.; even that, villa 
306 ; am I that, is it I (you 
mean), xv^- 27 ; that is myne, 
there's one from me, xvn 226 ; 
that withoute, what is outside, 
XII a 73; quasi-adv. (at) that, 
too, xvn 146; as regards that, 
xvn 524 (see Bold), pan, dat. 
sg. in after (hi) fan, after (by) 
that, n 553, 597 ; see Bi, Wi>. 
[OE.// (Kt/rf), neut.; fane, 
ace. masc. ; fam, dat.] 

pat, pet (in), rel. pron. indecl. 
that, which, who(m), I u, 16, 
47, in 17, &c. ; for whom, xiva 
32 (see Betre ; but here fat is 
perh. already felt as nom.} ; a 
thing which, XI b 26, &c.: fat 
fat, that which, what, iv b 65, 
ix 70, &c.; fat at, vi 176; it... 
fat, vina 242, &c.; (elliptically) 
fat, that which, I 178, 180, n 
516, xvii 164, &c. ; be who, v 
196; him that, vm a 114; 
those whom, xvi 8 ; sa?Hefat,jnst 
what, XVI 71, &c.; (loosely, or 
with ellipse of prep.) fat, to 
whom, vi 64, XV i 4 ; (as that) 
in which, I 1 88 ; (from that) in 
which, ix 320; that into which, 
XII a 20. Supplemented by 
pers. prons., as fat . . . hym, 
whom, v 37 ; fal . . . hit, which, 
i 185, iva 36, vi27, 1x6, x6; 
fatfai, which, xiv b 76; that . . . 
thame ilkane, x 160 (see note) ; 
similarly, fat . . . fat tyde 
( = then), when, v 17; fat . . . 
ferof, of which. XI b 222-3 ; cf. 
xin a 36-7. For use with sepa- 
rated preps, and advs. (as, fat 
. . . of, of whom, vi 65) see 
the preps., &c.; note fat. . . after, 
that after which, vn IQ. same fat 
. . .fro, same as that from which, 



GLOSSARY 



ix 230. Subjoined to other 
relatives, and indir. interroga- 
tives, see Hou, Whan, What, 
&c. ; cf. pat, conj. [Substitution 
of prec. for OE. fe ; pat, that 
which, may in part repres. OE. 
P&t-pe, fatte.'} See App. , p, 289. 
patow, = pat POU, that thou, II 
165, 454, 471 ; cf. Pat tou, XV g 

9. See pou. 
pau. See J>a}(e). 

pe, adv. ; demonstr. (by) so much, 
for that, the, v 300, vm b 100 ; 
(pleonastic), vm a 112; the 
wars I thee see, so much the 
worse for seeing you, xvil 191 ; 
rel. by which, in fie better, (so) 
that . . . better, vm a 46, xvil 
175 ; correl. in J>e . . . J>e (. . . 
}e~), the ... the, I 255, vi 240 
' (see note). [OE. ]>y, /?.] See 
For]>i. 

pe, def. art. the, 1 8, * xvi 1 70 (MS. 
5e), &c. ; generic, ix 109, &c. ; 
see Whiche, Whilke, Who. Te, 
in an te, and the, xv e 19 ; Th- 
(before vowels), XII a 127.^ 191, 
211. pane, ace. sg. masc. in 

10, 14, 59 ; pat, pet, neitt. sg. 
Ill 41, 44, 46, 57 ; with French 
masc. in 46 ; before vowels and 
merging into J>at demonslr., I 
43 ; esp. in fiat yche, ilk(e}, the 
same, &c., I 208, v 65, &c. ; but 
pe ilke, masc. and fern., ill 27, 
45 ; pat o(w), the one, V 244, 
344, IX 176, xv ^ 7 ; fatoj>er(e), 
the other, v 72, 169, 200, 344, 
XII a 118, xv h 7; see Ich, 
like, Ton, ToJ>er, &c. [OE. se 
(late },e\ &c.] 

The, v. to prosper, in as euer 
myght I the, so may I prosper, 
on my life, xvil 328. [OE. 
peon.'] 

pe, The(e). See J>ou. 

pede, *. (folk), land, n 475, 494, 
R35jVIi33. [OE./w^.] 

pedyr, -ur, &c. See j?ider. 

peeues, n. pi. thieves, vm b 17; 
peuys, xi b 176; pieues, ill 
18. [OE. f.cof (Kt. ftof) .] 

pei, pey, conj. though, even if, n 



173, 247, 433, xiii a 32 ; pey}, 

Theigh, villa 220, \\llb 9. 

[OE.Je(a}A.\ See f>ogh. 
peire ; peise. See pai ; pes. 
Themperour = J>e + Emperour. 
pen(e), penn(e). See J?an(ne), 

adv., conj. 
penche, penk(en), v. to think, 

I 221, n 373, xi b 253, &c. ; 
pinke, Thynk(e), II 44, IV a 
78, vil 30, &c. ; po3te, 
Thoghte. pa. t. Ill 57, xna 11, 
&c. ; Th.ou.cht, x 28, &c. ; 
pou3te, Thoughts, vm a 293, 
1x167; Thoght, poujt, //>..!! 
390, xiv 53, &c.; to consider, 
xvi 3 ; /. on (vpoti), think, be 
mindful, of, IV a 78, 95, V 329, 
VI 10, &c.; intend to, be resolved 
to, vil 30, X 79 ; expect to, XII a 
28 ; p. to (for to, till}, expect 
to, vm a 293, x 28, xiv b 36, 
&c. ; conceive, imagine, n 373, 
390, xvil 286, &c ; Thynkynge. 
. iv b 68. [QE,J>encan,po/ite.] 
See pinke. 

penne, adv. thence, I 153. [Cf. 

OE. panone?\ See Thine. 
pens, adv. thence, in from fens, 

ix 259, xvn 548. [Free. + 

adv. -&$.] 
per(e), adv. demonstr. there, I 98, 

II 189, III 42, &c. ; correl. in 
pere . . . -where, where, ix 222; 
indef. (unaccented ; see pyr), 
ii 10, 39, xn a 75, &c. ; rel. 
where, when, I 154, v S, 52, 
329, vm a 240, xii a 141, &c. ; 
equiv. to nent. pron. it, that, 
them, and occas. rel. which : 
per(e)aboute(n), (round) about 
it, IX 156, *XI b 252 ; perafter, 
aiterwards, V 350, Villa 108, 
&c. ; according to it, XI b 244 ; 
Perap(p)on, on it, &c., vn 75, 
xvn 282 ; perate, there, II 380, 
VI 154; perby(e), by that 
means, XI a 13, XVI 161 ; on 
that account, xni b 35 ; accord- 
ing to it, xvi 322; per(e)for(e), 
peruore, &c., on that account, 
i 71, in 41, v 211 (pleonastic), 
289. xvil 20, &c. ; on account 



GLOSSARY 



of which, xvi 167 ; because, ix 
108 (note) ; perfro, xvi 295 ; 
ther . . .fro, whence, xna 33 ; 
perin(ne), -ynne, II 278, V 
1 06, xiil a 16, &c. ; rel. wherein, 
11413; Ther(e)myd(d)e, there- 
with, vni a 69, 151 ; per(e)of, 
pereoffe, of it, from it, &c., in 
20, iv a 39, villa 191, ix 6, 
&c. ; rel. of which, xin a 31 ; 
see J>at, rel.; peron, of it, vi 27 ; 
perto, to it (that), v 257, xvn 
385 ; at it, xiil a 48 ; for it. XI b 
254; in addition, Xll 200; 
(after rel.} to, xi 246, xnia 37 ; 
per vnder, underneath (them), 
v 1 1 ; perupon, at it, xn l> 
162; per(e)with, by that 
means, vnia 95, 102, &c. ; with 
it (after Part, v.), vn 96. [OE. 
pxr,per.'] See )>ar(e) pyr, pore. 

per(e). See J?ai ; Thire. 

perewhiles, adv. in the mean- 
time, VIII a 8. [OE. (oii) pmre 
hwtle + adv. -es.~\ See ]?erwhile. 

perk, adj. dark, n 370. [OE. 
*peorc (Beaming = deoratng) ; I 
see Kluge, Urgerm. 37 d.\ 

perwhile, conj. while, vni a 156 ; 
see While. [OE. on pxre hwile 
/<?.] See perewhiles. 

pes, demonstr. adj. (and/nw.) sg. 
this, VIII b 78, xv * 1 8 ; pis(e), 
pys(se), i 20, II 47, vi 10, 173, 
&c. ; phis, xvi 6 1 ; this, this 
woman, xvii 403 ; peise, //. 
these, IX 117, 318; pea, \l\\b 
42, XI a 61. &c. ; pron. v 354, 
vn 50, &c. ; peso, i 43, 47, &'c. ; 
pis, pys, II 13, 340, vi 145 
(note], xvn 445, &c. ; pise, 
pyse, in 59, v 355, xvn 181, 
&c. ; puse, vni b 70. [QE.fes, 
peos,pis; see N.E.D.~\ 

pet. See pat ; pe, def. art. 

peuys. See JJeeues. 

pi, py. See ForJ>i, J>ou. 

Thicke,awy. dense, pouring (rain), 
vu 107, 132. [OE./?V.] 

pider, adv. thither, II 316, 318, 
&c. ; pedyr, Thedir, -ur, i 43, 
vn 88, xvn 312, &c. [Of:. 
~ 



pyderward, Thederward, adv. 
thither, in that direction, xin a 
33, XVII 245. [OE. J>ider- 
w(e}ard^\ 

pieuea. See peenes. 

Thilke, adj. that (same), XII b 59, 
205, 220 ; pulke, those, xiil a 
2. [OE. Jylc, such; treated in 
sense as a contraction of pe + 
Ilk(e), f .v.-] 

Thine, adv. thence, infra thine 
furth, thenceforward, X 130. 
[Obscure red. of ME.>> (cf. 
ON. Jtadan) ; cf. sine from 
sty(p)en, selen^ 

pin(e), pyn(e). Seepou. 

ping(e), pyng, pynk (vi), . 
thing, n 33, iva 29, &c. ; a/ 
tat ]>ing, everything there, II 
417 ; althisthyng, all this, xvn 
154. Na tkyng, no J>ing(pynk, 
&c.), nothing, anything (with 
Miff.), n i72,iVrt 6. vi 136, 227, 
ix 275, &c. ; as adv. no whit, 
in no way, I 67, n 39, v 168, 
XVII 289 ; na kyn thing, no 
whit, X 59 ; for no fting, for any 
(other) cause, II 98. ping, &c., 
//. things, affairs, matters, I 7, 
114, 218, 297, xi b 249; al(le) 
J>ing, &c. (constr. as sg. or//.) 
everything, n n, iv<r<58, viii 
203, ix 239, xiv c 2, xvn 73, 
&c. ; all things, xv c 6 ; bi al 
J>ing, by every token, II 321, 
375; pinges, Thynge;, &c., 
11496, iv ^ 62, &c. ; composi- 
tions, tasks, xin b 19. [OE. 

^f-3 

pink(e), pynk(e), penk(e), v. 
to seem to (with dat. pron.\ n 
442 ; pynkke5, thou seemest, 
V 294 ; i infers, in me pinkel, 
thynkys me, Sac.., it seems to 
me, vin b 55, xiv c 28, xvn 
511, &c. ; endingless form 
in, me (him, vs) pink, &c., it 
seems to me, I think, &c., II 
375, ivrt 10, 12, V 41, vi 192, 
230, xvn 399, &c. ; pynk me, 
xvn 255 ; with nom. pron. in 
thou thynk, (it) seems good to 
you, XVII 196, 379. pojt, 



GLOSSARY 



Thoght(e), pa. t. (it) seemed 

to, v 95, xn b 74, xvn 82, 425 ; 

with nom.pron. in ]>ey Jiojt, they 

thought good, I 87. [OE. 

Jyncan, f>uhle. The ending- 

less forms prob. arose in i sg. 

by confusion with J^enche, q.v. ; 

but cf. QM.fykki /r.] 
pyr, adv. indef. there 1 170. [Re- 

duced unaccented form of 

J>er(e) ; y repres. obscure vowel, 

as (e.f.) inpedyr, 171.] 
Thire, adj. and pron. pi. these, 

i v <* 55. 59J Per, xvi 97, 399. 

[Obscure; usually Northern.] 
Thirt6. Set ]>ritti. 
pis(e), pys(se), &c. See ]*s. 
piself(f)e, piselue(n). See ]?ou. 
po, demonstr. adj. pi. those, V 1 30, 

vn 113, VIII b 5, ix 33, &c. ; 

pron. they, those, &c. n 575 

(second), vi 197, villa 155, ix 
8, xv b 23, xvi 279, xvn 228. 
See \>al. 



po, adz: then, thereupon, II 49, 
117, in 12, vnia 22, xna 6, 
&c. ; in addition, more, in po 
fyue, five (times) more, vi 91 ; 
rel. when, III 3, 32, 44, 54, 56. 



pof, conj. though, even if, iva 12, 
75, vii 29. [As next, with 
alteration of final spirant; cf. 
pouj ; Rof.] 

J)ogh, conj. though, (even) if, ix 
207, XII a 187, &c. ; pogh pat, 
though, I 224; pou, xv/ 8 ; 
pou;, pougb, ix 139, xiv c 37, 
&c. ; Pow3, powgh, villa 36, 
40, &c. [ON./o, earlier *J>o/i.~] 
See paje, J>ei, Allthough. 

po}t(e), Thoght(e). See penche, 
J>inke, J?ou?t. 

pollen, pole, v. to endure, IV a 
14, V 351, xv c 33; tholid . . . 
for to be, suffered myself to be, 
XVI 3. [OE. polian.] 

Thoner; ponk(k)e. See Jumlyr ; 
Thanke. 

pore, adv. there, then, l 96, 175, 
v 288, vi 202. [OE. pdi-a.] 
See f>ar(e). 

porgh, prep, through ; through- 



out, over ; because of, out of ; by 
(means of) : ix 87, xv * 3, &c. ; 
Thoro, xvii 278 ; porw, villa 
20, xiv c 19, &c. ; Thorwgh, 
viil a 320; pourgh, villa 320; 
Throu, X 15 ; Throughe, vn 
16, 92; purch, II 237, &c. ; 
pur?, v 83, vi 53, &c. ; 
purgh(e), I 186, iv b 71, vn 
103, &c. ; adv. through. IX 224. 



porghout, prep, throughout, ix 
217; Thurghout, adv. in every 
detail, xii 219. [OE..Jur&-ut.] 

porsday, n. Thursday, xv^- i 
[OE. jtoresdaeg, from ON. Jnrs- 
dag-r. ] See Scere. 

pos, pron. pi. those, vi 155 ; 
Those, xvn 45, &c. [OE./<zj.] 
See ]?at. 

pou,/ww. thou, you, I 130, n 108, 
&c. ; po-w(e), iva 22, v 256, 
xvi 242, &c.; pu, vn 94; 
Ton, Tow (after closely con- 
nected words ending in d, t, s] , 
ii 452, xva 17, g 9; see also 
art<nv,canstow, hadestoiv, net tow, 
saltou, shaltoiu, patow, ivi/fou, 
icolle (with further reduction). 
pe, The(e), Te (after is], ace. 
thee, you. II 116, xvii 118,407, 
&c. ; dat. (to, for) thee, II 132, 
V 175, 218, 291, xv^- 10, &c. ; 
concerning thee, xv^ 28 ; what 
is te, what pe is, what is the matter 
with thee, n 102, 115 ; for t/ie, 
as far as you are concerned, 
xvn 193; refi. (to, for) thyself, 
yourself, v 184, 229 (first), 289, 
villa 32, 223, xv/ 13, xvn 
224, &c. pi, py ; pin, pyn(e) 
(usually before vowels) ; pass. adj. 
thy, your, I 125, II 105, V 235, 
vi 207, &c. ; (objective} of thee, 
villa 27. XV g 31, &c. ; pine, 
pyne, oblique and //. n 109, 
xv c 23, &c. ; pron. belonging to 
thee, xvi 221; thy folk, xvi 
252. piselffe, -aelue; py- 
seluen, -self(e), now. (thou) 
thyself, xvi 206, 261,299: refi. 
thyself, v 73,^1 113, xvi 350, 
&c. [OE./, -tH;pe; put.} 



GLOSSARY 



pou. pouj, pough. See pogh. 

Thoucht, pou3t(e), &c. See 
)>enche. 

pou3t, . thought, mind, imagina- 
tion, II 373; po^te, vi 164, 
see Dede; Thcght(e), iva 5, 
b 23, xvii 156, &c. [OE. (ge-)- 
fiht.-\ 

pourgh. See porgh. 

Pousand(e), -end, -ond; pou- 
zond ; Thowsande ; n. sg. and 
//. thousand, III 30, 34, vin a 
185, XI b 279, XIII b 31, xvi 39, 
&c. [OE. /</.] 

Thousandfold, adj. ; many thon- 
sendfold, in many thousands, 
XII a 97. [OE. /w&:</-/?7</.] 

pou}>, conj. though, even if, XI b 
190. [As J>ogh, with altera- 
tion of final spirant ; cf. ]?of.] 

pow(e); powj, &c. See pou; 
pogh. 

Thrall, . slave ; predic. as adj. 
in bondage, subject, xvi 134. 
[OE. /;//, from ON. />-#/-/.] 

pre(e), adj, three, I 196, u 70, IX 
244, &c. ; pri, ill 6, 15; prc 
(squared), IX 106; a J>re, in 
three, xm 49. [OE. J>rco, 
fern., neut. ; fo1(e), masc.] 

prepe, . contest, v 329. [Cf. 
OE. preapian, v.] 

presch, v. to thrash ; smite, V 232. 
[OE. lerscan, late J>rescan."\ 

prestelcoc, n. (male) throstle, 
song-thrush, xv 7. [OE. 
frost 'le + cocc ; on form see 
N.E.D., s.v. Throstle.'} 

prete, v. to threaten, v 232, xiva 
31 ; to wrangle, vi 201 ; refl. in 
'him pretep, wrangles, chides, 
xv b 7 (note). [OE./flfitfM; 
1 QiN.J>rKta (in sense ' wrangle ').] 

Threting, n. threatening (lan- 
guage), xiv a 30. [OE. freat- 
**] 

Thretty. See J>iitti. 

Prewe, pa. t. ; otter . . . fire'ue, 
overturned, n 578. [OE. fird- 
wan, twist; pa. \.]>reow.~\ 

pri. See J're(e). 

prid(de), pryd(de), adj. third, 
in 10, ix 30, xii a 122, &c. 



Thirde, Thyrde, iv b 6, xvi 
31 ; at J>e J>rid, on the third 
occasion, v 288 ; J>e pryd(d() 
tyme, for the third time, I 142, 
XH* 81, xvii 460. [OE.iridda, 
late Nth. firda.] 

prien, adv. thrice, xv,- 33. [OE. 
}ri(g}a.'] See pryys. 

Thrife, Thryfe. See f>riue. 

Thryft, . prosperity ; in oath by 
my thryft = as eiter myght I 
thrife (see The, t>riue), xvii 218. 



Thrifty , adj. prosperous ; goodly, 
fine, VII 158. [From prec.l 

pryys, adv. thrice, I 182. [OE. 
J>ri( g]a + ad v. -es.~\ See J>rien. 

prynge, v. to press ; inlr. make 
one's way, v 329 ; Thringaud, 
pres.p. pressing, X 166. [OE. 
pringan.~\ 

pritti, adj. thirty, xv^4, 15, 21 ; 
Thretty, vn 158; Thirte, 
Thyrty, xvii 125, 260. [OE. 
'- 



priuaund, pres. p. prosperous ; 
goodly, noble, vn 158. [From 
next.] Cf. Thrifty. 

priue, Thrife, Thryfe, v. to 
prosper ; / may not thryfe, I 
can ill bear it, or may scarcely 
recover, xvii 414; in oaths: so 
mot pou priue, as etier myght 
I thrife, &c., so may you (I) 
prosper, on your (my) life, li 
532, xvii 191, 243 (cf. The, v.}. 
[ON. >#**. ] 

pro. adj. fierce, v 232. [ON. 
prd-r, stubborn.] 

Throu, Throughe. See J>orgh. 

prowe, n. time, moment, XII b 
59 ; a firmve, for a time, l in- 
"irod., V 151. \QE.frag.~] 

prublet,/. t. crowded, gathered 
(inlr.}, vii 132. [Obscure. In 
N.E.D. as var. of Trouble, 
grow dark ; but cf. Purity, 504, 
879.] 

pu; pulke. St-epou; Thilke. 

pundyr, n. thunder(storm), I 
166; Thoner, vn 132, XVII 
346. [OE. punor.~] 

purch, purj. &c. See porgh. 



GLOSSARY 



pus, adv. thus, so, I 37, XI b 270, 
xil a 88, xvi 383, &c. ; there- 
fore, xi a 40. [OE. pus.'] 

pus(e). See J>es. 

pusgate, adv. in this way, vni b 
53. [JJus + Gate, w.2] See So- 
gat. 

1J-, V- ; for init. tt, v (in in) see 

also F. 
Vayn(e), adj. frivolous, vain, 

worthless, iv b 28 ; Veyn, XI b 

104, 124, 137, &c. ; yn veyn, 

in vayn, in vain, I 178, XVII 

360. [OFr. vain.'] 
Vale, n. vale, V 203 (see Hil). 

[OFr. vol.] 
Valay, Valeye, n. valley, v 77, 

177, ix 195, xi b 155. [OFr. 



Vald ; Vail. See Wille, v. ; Wai. 
Value, n. value, x 132. [OFr. 

value. ] 
Vanyt6, . frivolity, vanity, vain 

thing, iv b 13, 52, XI 'b 181, 

219, XIV f 3. [OFr. vanite".} 
Vapnys ; Var. See Weppen ; Was. 
Vauntwarde, n. vanguard, VIII b 

60. [ONFr. avant-warde.~\ 
Vch(on). See Ich(on). 
Velany. See Vylany. 
Vedde. See Fede. 
Veyn. See Vayn(e). 
Venge (on), v. to take vengeance 

(on) ; it schal ben venged . . . so, 

such vengeance shall be taken, 

XII b 100. [OFr. vengcr.'] 
Venia(u)nce, Vengaunce, n. 

vengeance, punishment, I 92, 

129, vni a 138, xi b 49, xvn 

55, &c. [OFr. venjance.'] 
Venym(e), n. poison, iv b 86, ix 

94. [OFr. vcnfm.'] 
Venyrnous, adj. poisonous, ix 

203. [OFr. venimous^\ 
Ver(r)ay, adj. true, ix 65, xvn i ; 

adv. truly, very, XVII 198; 

Verayly, adv. truly, V 177. 

[OF. verai.] 
Verament, adv. assuredly , xvn 6. 

[OFr. veirement, veraintent."] 
Verce, n. verse, VI 233. [OE. 

fers ; OFr. vers.] 



Verrit (for}, pp. averred, declared 

(to be), VII 49. [Shortened 

from OFr. avercr.] 
Verst. See Furst. 
Vertu(e), n. power, peculiar 

property, quality, IX 67, 70, 74, 

xil b 175, xv * 3, &c. ; virtue, 

IV b 1 6, V 307 ; kyng of verities, 

xvi 128 (see note). [OFr. 

vertu.~\ 
Vertuous, Virtuus, adj. in 

possession of its proper qualities, 

ix 1 26 ; virtuous, vn 49. [OFr. 

vertuous,~] 
Ves. See Was. 
Vessel(l), . vessel, I 218, (ship) 

xvn 327. [OFr. vessel.'] 
Vggely, Vgly, adj. forbidding, 

horrible, V n, 122, XVI 101. 

[ON. ugg-ligr.} 
Vgsom, adj. horrible, VII 133. 

[Cf. ON. uggsam-ligr.} 
Victorye (of), n. victory (over), 

IX 81, XI b 153. [OFr. 

viclorie.~\ 

Vif (tene), &c. See Fyne, Fyfteyn. 
Vylany, Velany, n. unknightly 

conduct, v 307 ; ignominy, 

shameful fate, XVII 67. [OFr. 

vilanie.~\ 
Vile, adj. worthless, IV b 12; 

miserable, n 548. [OFr. #.] 
Vilt<, . vileness, iv b 77. [OFr. 

viltl^ 
Vyndland, pres. p. turning over 

and over, x 129. [Cf. ON. 

vindla, wind.] 
Vyne, n. vineyard, VI 142, 161, 

&c.; vine, ix 158. [OFr. 
- 



Violastres, n. pi. as supposed 
name of a kind of diamonds 
of inferior lustre ; due to mis- 
transl. of French violastres (adj. 
pi.), purplish, ix 97 (note). 

Vyolentlych, adv. violently, 
XIII a 33. [From OFr. violent.} 

Vyolet, Violet(te), . violet 
(flower), IX 9Q, XV e 13; (colour), 
IX 98 ; see IX 97 note. [OFr. 
violet (le\] 

Vyrgyne, . Virgin, virgin, I 85, 
240, &c. \QFi.virgine.'] 



GLOSSARY 



Vyrgynflour, . perfect maiden- 
hood, VI 66. [Free. + Flour.] 

Virtuus. See Vertnous. 

Visage, n. face, II 80. [OFr. 
visage. ,] 

Vyse, n. vice, V 307. [OFr. vice."] 

Vitayll, n. victuals, provisions, 
xvil 155. [OFr. vitaille.~\ 

Vithall, -in. See Withal, -inne. 

Vmbethoucht (hyi), pa. t. be- 
thought (him), reflected, X 179. 
[OE. *ymb(e)-pencan (cf. ymbe- 
Jxinc) ; but prefix is influenced 
by ON. umb.] 

Vmbreide (of), pa, t. subj. re- 
proached (with), xn b 98. [OE. 
Hp-gebregdan, upbraid, with pre- 
fix assimilated to ME. umb(e) as 
in prec.] 

Vnable, adj. incapable, IX 313; 
impossible, VII 46. [OE. nn- + 
OFr. habit.} See Able. 

Vnablen, v. to render incapable, 
XI * 109, 117. [From prec.] 

Vnbarred, //. unbarred, v 2. 
[OE. on-(un-) + OFi. barrer.] 
See Bard, Barres. , 

Vnbynde, v. to unbind, release, 
XVI 8 ; Vnbounde, //. I 228. 
[OE. on-bindan ) late un-bln- 
AM.] 

Vnblendyde, adj. unpolluted, 

IV b 16. [From pp. of Blende. 
q.v.] 

Vncessantle", adv. unceasingly, 
xvil 147. [From OFr. inces- 
sant^ 

Vnclene, adj. impure, IV b 17. 
[OE. un-clxne.] 

Vncoujw, Vnkowthe, adj. 
strange, unknown, II 535, vn 
146. [OE. ww-tv?/.] 

Vncrouned, adj. without the 
tonsure, lay, vill b 66. See 
Crounede. 

Vndede. See Vndo. 

Vnder, -MT,prep. under, n 70, ix 
179, XIII a 15; (postponed) 

V 250; see Gore, Heuenryche; 
adv. underneath, xvil 409; in 
reality (opposed to appearance 
on surface), VII 18, xiva 18 ; 
see j?ere. [OE. under.] 



Vnder, n. ' the third hour ', about 
the middle of the morning, vi 
153. [OE. undent.] SeeVnder- 
tide. 

Vnderjete, pa. t. pi. perceived, n 
576. [OE. under-getan, pa. t. 
pi. -ge^a)ton.] 

Vnderlynge, . inferior, vill a 
47. [OE. underling.'] 

Vndernome, pp. taken in (men- 
tally), realized, II 320. [OE. 
itnderniman. pp. -nunten.] See 
Nym(e). 

Vnderstonde, Vndirstand(e), 
&c., v. to understand ; compre- 
hend, I 12, IV b 76, IX 214, XI b 
117, xin b 55, &c.; learn, be 
told, I 26, n 215, ix 187, &c. ; 
vnderst. bi, intend (to be under- 
stood) by, xi a 9 ; vnderst. of 
preiere of holy lif, mean by 
' prayer ' (that consisting in) 
holy living, xi b 82; Vnder- 
stod, pa. t. xn b 36, 88, &c. 
[OE. understdndan, -stondan.] 

Vnderstondyng(e),-standynge. 
&c., n. comprehension, XI b 134 ; 
intelligence, iv b 49, 56, 65 ; of 
kynde vnderst., it stands to 
ordinary reason, naturally, vnr b 
58. [OE. untter-stdnding^] 
, Vndertake, z>. to undertake, xiv c 
52 ; warrant, xvn 274 ; Vnder- 
take,/*. xil a K2. TOE. under- 
+ ON. taka.\ 

Vndertide, Vndrentide, n. 
(orig.) mid-morning, (esp. as 
time for a rest from work), but 
often vaguely applied and appar. 
nearly equiv. to ' noon ', II 65, 
76, 133, 181, 282; slepe her 
undertidts, were taking a noon- 
tide sleep, n 402. [OE. undcrn- 
tid.'} See Vnder, . 

Vndisposid (to\ adj. indisposed, 
disinclined (to), XI b 135. 
[From OFr. disposer.] 

Vndo, v. to undo, open, XVI 182 ; 
Vndede, pa. t. n 385. [OE. 
on-don, un-don.~] See Do(n). 

Vnglad, adj. in misery, XVI I 32. 
[OE. un-glxd.] 

Vnit6, n. coherence of mind, 



GLOSSARY 



sanity (? but this sense unex- 

ampled), vill b 10. [OFi.umtf, 

unity.] 
Vnkept, adj. not kept, broken, 

xi b 233. .S^Kepe. 
Vnkinde, Vnkuynde, adj. un- 

natural (in conduct, &c.) ; dis- 

loyal, XIV c 103; .hard-hearted, 

XII b i, 220, 224. [OE. - 

(ge}cynde.~] 
Vnkindenes.se. Vnkyndnes, n. 

unnatural conduct, xii b 205, 

XVII 1 2. [From prec.] 
Vnkowpe. See Vncou]>e. 
Vnlokynne,//. opened, XVI 197. 

| OE. on-Iucan, tin- ; pp. -locen.~\ 



Vnmanerly, adv. discourteously, 
V 271. [From ME. mancr-ly, 
formed on Maner(e), y.v.~\ 

Vnnepe, adv. with difficulty, 
hardly, II 221, 416, XIII b 60, 
xiv c 4. [OE. un-eape.'] 

Vnoccupied, adj. unoccupied, 
XI b 127. See Occupied. 

Vnreso(u)nable, adj. unreason- 
able, VI 230, vin a 145. [From 
OKr. resonable.~\ See Resona- 
bele. 

Vnrid, adj. hard, cruel, xvn 40. 
[OE. un-geryde, rough.] 

Vnryghtwysely, adv. unright- I 
eously ; more than is right, IV b 
34. [OE. un-riht-wts-ltce.} 

Vnschape, adj. formless, xin b j 
59. [OE. un-gescapen, un- 



formed.] 



Vnschette, v. to open, xn a 71. 
[OE. on-(un-) + scyttan (Kt. 
*#/<z).] 

Vnsober, adj. violent, VI I 143 ; 
Vnsoberly, adv. violently, vn 
130. [From OFr. sobre.~\ See 
Sobre. 

Vnsoght, adj. unexpiated. not 
atoned for, xvn 97. '[ME. 
nn-sa(u^sht, from ON. A-sdttr 
(older i-un-saht-} ; cf. OE. tin- 
seht. The orig. rimes were 
prob. naght. saght, wraght ; see 
Werche.] 

Vnstudied, adj. not studied, xi 
165, 333. See Stndie. 



Vntil(l), prep, to, XII a 133, xvi 

370, xvn 218 (see Turne); 

until, XVI 53. [As next with 

snbst. of interchangeable ft'/.] 
Vnto ; Vntew, xvn 505 ; prep. 

to, I in, II 186, xn a 25, xvi 

319, XVII 241 ; towards, for, 

xvi 246 ; up to, until, I 95, vn 

95, ix 328. [?OE. *unto\ cf. 

OS. unto, prep. ; Goth, unte, 

conj.] 
Vnto, conj. until, I 68. [As prec.] 

See To, conj. 
Vntrawjie, n. perfidy, v 315. 

[OE. un-trio-w])^ See Treuthe. 
Vntrew(e), adj. inaccurate, un- 
true, vn 47, xi a 43. [OE. tin- 

treowe.'} See Trew(e). 
Vntreweliere, adv. compar. less 

accurately, XI a 59. [OE. - 

treow-lice.] 
Vntrusse, v. to unload, xn b 52. 

[OE. on- (-) + OFr. trusser.] 

See Trns. 
Vnwar, adj. (or adv.} unawares, 

XII b 9. [OE. nnwxr, adj. and 

adv.] See Vvar(e). 
Vnworthi, adj. unworthy, IX 308. 

[Extended from OE. ttn* 

weorp(e).'] See WorJ>y. 
Vochen saf. See Vouchesaf. 
Voided, //. ' cleared out ', been 

dismissed, II 574. [OFr. (a)- 

voider.~\ 
Vois, n. voice, xn 119, b 31, 

&c. ; Voyce, Voice, xvi 73, 79. 

[OFr. vots.~] 

Vol^ueld). See Ful(fillen). 
Vorbisne(n), . //. examples, 

illustrations, ill 2, 59. [OE. 

for(e)-bisen.~\ 
Vore-yzede, Vorzede. See For- 

seyde. 
Vouche-saf, Vowch-sayf, v. to 

vouchsafe, deign, IX 330, xvn 

173 ; Vochen saf, pres. pi. 

guarantee (sc. me), Vlll6 51. 

[OFr. vo(ii)cher saztf.~\ 
Voundit. See VVonndit. 
Vouaour, n. vaulting, II 363. 

[OFr. vousure.~\ 
Vp, Vpp(e), adv. up, i 200, H 96, 

v n, xvi 113, &c.; open, x 



GLOSSARY 



185; (open) wide, xvi 122, 


Vttiremeste, adj. extreme, fur- 


194; vp wip, up with, lift up, 


thest, xvi 232 (see Ende). 


hold high, xiv c 99. [OE. up, 


[Formed on ME. utter(e), OE. 


ttpp(e\~\ 


ultra, on anal, of prec -T 


Vpcaste, pa. t. lifted up, xii a 


Vus. See We. 


106. [OE. up(p) + ON. kasta.] 




See Cast(e). 


Wa(a). See Wo. 


Vpdrawe,//. drawn up, Xll 64. 
[OE. up(p) + dragan.~\ 


Wack(e)net,/<z. t. and//, awoke, 
(was) aroused, VII 105, no. 


Vplondysch, Oplondysch, adj. 


[OE. wtRcn(i)an.'] See Wake. 


rustic, XIII b 23, 50. [Cf. OE. 


Wage, v. to undertake, guarantee, 


up-lendisc^] 


pay (hire), &c. ; intr. or absol. 


Vp(p)on; Vpo, xv^4; Opan, 


? (used for) securely continue, or 


II 506 ; Opon, II 72, &c. ; 


? bring reward, VI 56. [ONFr. 


Apon, IV a 86, X 123, &c. ; 


wager.'] 


prep, (i) (up)on, V 134, vin a 


Wagh(e), Wawe, Wawgh(e), 


135, IX 33, X 183, XII a 126 (see 


n. wave, water (of the sea), vn 


Stonde), xm a 12, &c. ; (post- 


140, xn a 157-, xiv c 33, xvn 


poned) II 500, 506; (of time) 


426, &c. [ON. vdg-r.] 


I 29, &c. ; immediately after, 


Wai, Way, interj. woe! II 234, 


xii b 147 ; (commenting) on, 
XI b 20 ; upon this matiere, on 


546 ; ivai es him, unhappy is 
one (who), xva Q- [ON. '.] 


this business, xn a 45. (ii) 


See We, interj. ; Wo. 


in, VI 185, x 66, XII introd., 


Way(e), Wey(e), Weie, We (x), 


a 175; (believe) in, XV- 9; 


n. way, course, manner, distance, 


into, vn 6, 140; (iii) to, v 


&c., ii 476, vn 144, villa 6, 


184 (see Stijtel) ; (iv) (think) of, 


ix 220, x 85, xn a 16, xvi 74, 


V 329, VI 10. See Grounde, 


&c. ; all way, all weys, continu- 


Half, Out(e), J>er(e), &c. [OE. 


ally, xvn 500 ; always, ix 


up(p)-on.\ 


212, 277; by pe way of, see 


Vpon, adv. on ; dede upon, put 


Right, n. ; in J>e waye, on (by) 


on, XII a 53. [As prec.] 
Vpperight, adv. (straight) up, 


the way, IV b 41 ; in ich ways, 
in every way, n 158 (see note); 


xvi 394. [OE. up-rikte.~\ 


adv. away, in do way, have 


Vprise, v. to rise up, xvi 31 (see 


done, enough, II 226. [OE. 


prec). [OE. up(p) d-rfsan.~\ 


weg.\ See Alway, Awai, Heigh. 


Vpward, adv. in the upper part, 
IX 246. [OE up-weard.'] 


Walk, adj. weak, vni3 23. [ON. 

veik-r.~\ , 


Vr(e); Vrn; VrJ>e. See We; 


Waille, v. to bewail, vin a 308. 


Eorne ; Erjje. 


[ON. *veila (cf. ON. vxla, Swed. 


Vs. See He, We. 


veild).'] 


Vsage, n. usage, xm b 17. [OFr. 


Wayte, v. to look, V 95, 221. 


tuagg.'] 


[ONFr. waiter.} 


Vse, Vss(e), . use, xm a i ; 


Wake, v. to lie awake, keep vigil, 


usage, ritual, xi b 189. 196, &c. 


IV ^ 49, XV c 2 1 ; trans, to arouse, 


(see note, XI ^ 183). [OFr. us, \ kindle, xvn 89. [OE. wacian. 


L. finw.] 


intr.] See A-, Forwake. 


Vse, v. to use, practise, have deal- 


Wai, Wall, n. wall, ii 357, xi 


ings with, v 38, 358, xm b 14, 


40, xm a 24, xvn 515 (set 


xiv a 30 ; Y-vsed, //. xm b Ston), &c. ; Vail, X 131. [OE. 


26. [OFr. user.'] 


wall.] 


Vtmast, adj. outermost, II 357. 


Wald(e). See Wille, v. 


[OE. ut(e)mest.'] 


Wale, v. to choose; to wale (to 



GLOSSARY 



be chosen), conspicuous, ex- 


(of), take care, v 320, xi b 2 [7, 


cellent, VII 8. [ON. val, n. ; 


311, XIV a* 4; be war ot ye be wo, 


velja (pa. t. valdi), v.] 


look before you leap, xivo* u 


Walk(e), v. to walk, wander, 


(see Wo). [OE. wse,r.\ See 


v no, vi 39, xn b 21, xvi 53, 


Vnwar. 


333 J walkes wide, is spread 


War(e). See Was. 


abroad, XIV * 29 (see Word) ; 


Ward(e), n. custody, xvi 222; 


Ywalked, pp. xni a 16. [OE. 


post (in the defence), X 35. 


iva!f(i}an, roll, go to and fro.] 


[OE. weard.~\ 


Wallande, pres. p. welling, bub- 
bling, VI 5. [OE. wallan.~\ 


Warda(i)ne, . warden, com- 
mander of the garrison, X 146, 


Walschmen, n. pi. Welshmen, 


169, xiv* 83. [ONFr. war- 


xni b 3. [OE. wiKtf, watlisc + 


dein.~\ 


wa.] 


Ware, adj. xvi 154; see Werre, 


Walt, D. to roll; trans, pa. t. 
rolled, vn 140 (rel. to blastes 


and note. 
Ware, v. to lay out, spend, vil 19 ; 


omitted) ; intr. infin. totter 


Waret,//. given (in exchange), 


(and fall), VII 138; pa. t. was 


dealt, V 276. [OE. warian 


tossed, vn 144 (rel. to nauy 


(recorded once as ' treat with ') 


omitted). [OE. (Nth.) wselta.'] 


rel. to waru, wares.] 


Wan. See Wanne, Wynne(n). 


Wary, v. to curse, xvii 208; 


Wan(e), v. to decrease, subside, 


Wery , xiv a 23. [OE. wwgan, 


xvii 450, 458, 493, [OE. 


wergan.\ 


wantan.~\ 


Wark, v. to feel pain, ache, xvii 


Wane, n. expectation (of success), 


269. [OE. wsBrcan; cf. ON. 


in / tie wate na better wane, 


verkj<i.~} 


I know no better alternative, 


Wark(e) ; Warld. See Werk(e) ; 


iv a 55 ; cf. Rede, n. [ON. van, 


World(e). 


expectation.] See Wones. 


Warn(e), v. to warn, inform, 


Wandren, v. to wander, Vina 


villa 125, 158, 316, 321, xvii 


297. [OE. wandrian^] 


1 24 ; forewarn, xvn 1 10. [OE. 


Wandreth, . trouble, distress, 


war(e)nian.~] 


iv a 19, xvii 40. [ON. vand- 


Warnist, pp. furnished, manned, 


P36fti.~\ 


X 121. [ONFr. warnir, war- 


Waning, . curtailment, VI 198 


niss-.~\ 


(see 3ete, v.}. [OE. wanung.} 


Warp, -v. to cast; offer, v 185, 


Wan(ne), Won (xv), adj. 


[OE. weorpan ; ON. varpa.~] 


gloomy, vil 140; sickly, wan, 


Wars; Warth. See Wors; 


II 108, iv a 10, xv < 22. [OE. 


Wor]>e, v. 


wann, wonn, dark.] 


Was, pa. t. sg. was, I 28, &c.; 


Wanne. See Whan, Wynne(n). 


have been, villa 160; 2 sg. 


Want, n. lack (esp. of food), 


xvii 120; Ves, X 15, 32; 


xvii 194. [ON. vat, neut. 


Wat;, v i, vi 4, &c, ; 2 sg. 


adj.] See Wonte. 


v 326, vi 12, &c. ; Wes, in 16, 


Wap, n. a blow, V 181. [Cf. 


x 2, xv g i, &c. ; subj. was, 


ME. wappen, w(h)op, beat; 


were, might (would, &c.) be, 


echoic.] 


Var, X 38; War(e), iva 19, 


Wapin. See Weppen. 


23, &c.; Weor, xiv< 89; 


War (wit A}, v. imper. guard 


Wer(e), I 92, n 108, iva 75, 


(against), beware (of), XIV a 6. 


XV^- 8, xvi 199, &c. PL ind. 


[OE. warian, refl.] 


and subj. War(e), X 10, xiv* 


War(e), adj. in be war (of"), be 


93, &c. ; Weir, X 137; Wer(e), 


on one's guard (against), beware 


Weren, Weryn, Wern(e) 


10 



GLOSSARY 



141,1118, 11158, v 354, vi 1 8, 


ourselves, xi b 157; Our(e), 


225, &c. ; Wore, 1 114, vi 214, 


Owr(e), pass. adj. our, I 203, in 


*XVI 17 (note). [OE. was 


29, iv a 1 6, 55, xv 26, &c. ; 


(wes~), waron, &c.; ON. pi. 


Vr(e), xiv c 15, 84, xv g i, 


vdrum, &c.] See Nas. 


24; cure one, alone by our- 


Wasche, v. intr. to wash, XIII a 


selves, V 177 (see note); Oure, 


25. [OE. wascan."] 


pron. ours, XI b "128, 129; 


"Waste, n. wild, uninhabited place, 
v 30. [ONFr. wast; OE. weste.] 


Ourls, x 88. [OE. a -e, us. ure.~\ 
We. 5Way(e). 


See Wysty. 


Wecht, n weight, x 101. [ON. 


Waste(n), v. trans, to waste, 


ve'tt-r, earlier *weht~.'] 


Vina 127, 155; intr. xiVf 2. 
[ONFr. waster.-] 


Wedde, n pledge, in leide to 
wedde, pledged, assigned as 


Wastour(e), n. waster, despoiler, 
rogue, viii a 29, 124, 146, &c. 
[ONFr. waster.] 


security, mortgaged, viii b 77. 
[OE. wedd; lecgan to wedde.] 
Wede, n. garment, article of 


Wat; Wate; Wat;. See 


attire, II 146, v 290 ; wight in 


What(e); Wit<n); Wa. 


wede, valiant (in arms), XIV b 5. 


Watches, n. pi. watches ; watch- 


[OE. wad, ge-wxde.] 


men, xvi 140. [OE. macce.] 


Weder, -ir, -ur, n. weather, n 


Wa)>e, n. 1 peril, v 287 ; Wo|>e, 
vi is ; Wbth, xvii 416. [ON. 


269, xvn 470; foul weather, 
storm, vn 114, Vina 320, xivc 


w*te] 


35, XVII 451. [OE. weder.] 


Wathe, . (something gained in) 
hunting, xvn 486 ; cf. Fee, . 2 


Wedea, . //. weeds (plants), 
villa 105. [OE. weod.} 


[ON. vei9-r.] 


Wedmen, . //. wedded folk, 


Watter ; Watur, -er ; n. water 


xvn 400. [OE. wedd+mann.'] 


(sea, lake, flood), v 163, vn 119, 


See Wedde, Yweddede. 


Vina 318, &c. j Watres,//. ix 


Wedows ; Wees, Wegh(es) ; 


12, 243. [OE. water.] 


Weete ; Weie, Wey(e) ; 


Wattered, pa. t. intr. watered, 


Weyn ; Weir. See Wodewe ; 


viii a 1 68. [OE. wseterian, 


Wyje: Wete; Way(e); We- 


trans.] 


ne(n); Was. 


Wawe, Wawghes. See Wagh(e). 


Wel(e), WeU(e), Weyl (i), 


Waxe(n), Wax, v. to increase, 


Weill (x), adv. well, I no, n 


grow, become, XV b 15, 32, c 22, 


136, X 12, XIV d 2, &c.; very, 


xvn 60, 179 ; Wexe(n), Wex, 


39i 345. xm a * 6 > XIV c 


II 62, ix 22, 95, xvi 344, &c.; 


39, &c. ; wel rijt, wel sane, &c. 


Wax, pa. t. I 237 ; Wex, vi 


at once, II 71, 270, x 70; fully, 


178. [OE. we(a)xan.'\ 


quite, I 254, II 553, &c. ; (esp. 


We, interj. (of grief, consterna- 


with numbers) II 183, IX 199, 


tion, surprise, &c.) alas, ah, &c. ; 


XIV b 42, &c. ; (with compar.) 


II 176, v 117, xvi 139, 149, 


a good deal, much, II 464, X 10, 


301, xvii 217, 238; we loo, 


XVI 334 ; without disadvantage, 


v 140. [OE. wa (/*).] See 


IV b 31 ; easily, VIII a 47, XVII 


Wai, Wo. 


5, &c. ; prtdic. good, xve 7, 


We, pron. pi. we, I 64, &c. Ace. 


&c. ; prosperous, viii a 271 ; 


and dot. (to, for) us, Hus, xvii 


well were he, happy were he 


46 ; Ous, II 167, 604, Vllt b 92, 


who, XVII 339 ; well is vs, 


&c.; Vs, iv a 7, vn 32, &c.; 


happy are we, xvn 459; wel 


vs must, see Mot(e) ; Vus, v 1 74, 


worth be, may it go well with 


VI 94, &c. ; vus pynk vus o)e, 


thee, V 59; welt wurth pe while. 


see Owe, Jrinke; Vs self, rtfl. 


happy the occasion, xiva 5, 



GLOSSARY 



&c. ; cf. Wo. [OE. wil.~] See 

Welnes. 
Wela, adv. very, in wela wylle 

(see Wylle),v 16. [OE. wel + Id 

(intensive).] 
Welcom, Welcum, Welcome, 

adj. welcome, II 433, v 172, 

vm b 52 ; as interj. VI 39. 

[OE. wil-cuma infl. by wel- 

\-cweme) ; cf. ON. vel-kominn.~\ 
Welde, v. to possess, iva 20. 



Wele, Weole, n. (usually allit. 
with Wo, q.v.} happiness, pros- 
perity, wealth, n 5, iva 2, 3 74, 
V 66, VI 34 ; worldes wele, good 
things of this world, wealth, 
iva 28, xiv 16; wunnewe(p}le, 
wealth of joy, xv *u (MS. 
wynter), 35. [OE. we(o)la.~\ 

Weleful, adj. prosperous, xiv 
17. [Free. + OE. -///.] 

Wei-fare, n. welfare, easy life, 
vm b 8. [Wel + Fare, .] 

Welkyn, n. sky, VII 138. [OE. 
wolcen, weolcn.'] 

Well(e), n. spring, fount, VI 5, 
ix 5, xiii a i, &c. ; fig. xivc 
108. [OE. well(a}:\ 

Welle-spring, . spring, xv* 16. 
[Cf. OE. well(e}-spryng.} 

Well-wirkand, adj. righteous in 
deeds, xvn 120. [Cf. OE. wel- 
wyrcende.~\ See Werche. 

Welnej, Welny;, Welnygh, 
adv. almost, VI 168, xiud 4; 
welnygh now, but a moment ago, 
vi 22 1. [OE. wel-ne(a}h.~] See 
Wel(e), adv. ; Nyj. 

Welth(e), . happiness, IV a 32, 
xvi 324. [Extended from Wele 
with abstract -}.~\ 

Wen, n. blemish, diseased growth ; 
fig. in introd. [OE. wenn, 
tumour.] 

Wende, v. trans, to turn, v 84 ; 
intr. to turn (and toss), xv c 1 1 ; 
to return, I 199 ; go, come, I 94, 
n 427, vm a 6; depart, vm a 

67, 79, *7< 5 "ft- g, " 475, 
501; Went(e), pa. t. I 113; 
Wende, I *i89 (see note), II 65, 
185, &c.; Went(e), pp. gone, 



departed, I 93, vm a 198, &c. ; 
is went, went, x 178; Ywent, 
come about, III introd. [OE. 
we'ndan.] 

Wene(n), to think, imagine, ex- 
pect, iv.a 35, v 336, villa 242, 
XI b 72, &c. ; Weyn, xvn 444, 
535 ; Wende, pa. t. i no, 127, 
xn b 66. [OE. wenan.} See 
Awenden. 

Wenges ; Wenne. See Wyng ; 
Whan(ne). 

Wente, n. turn(ing), xn 6. 
[From W r ende, v.~\ 

Weole; Weor. See Wele; Was. 

Wepe, n. weeping, in w. and wo, 
II 195, 234. [OE. wop, assimi- 
lated to stem of next.] 

Wepe, Weepe, v. to weep, n nS, 
xn a 32, xiv b 60, xv/ 6; 
Wepte, pa. t. sg. 1 1 74 ; "Wepe, 
pi. II 591 ; Wepeing, Wep- 
yng(e), . n 219, iva 32, xi 
155, &c. [OE. wipan ; pa. t. 
weop (ONth. wxpde).~] 

Weppen, n. weapon, V 154 ; 
Wapin, XI v 15; Vapnys, 
pi. x 190. [OE. wepn; ON. 



Wer(e), n. war, vn 8, 88, xiv b 
15; Werre, ix 81, xiv<: 76. 
[ONFr. werre.~] 

Wer(e), Weryn, &c. See Was. 

Werby. See Wher(e), adv. 

Werohe, v. to work, labour; 
make ; bring about, cause ; act, 
do ; I 90, 218, villa 297 ; 
Werke, xvi 334; Wirk(e), 
xiv b 20, xvi 265, xvn 116; 
Wyrk(e), vi 176, xvn 262; 
Woreh(e), v 28, vi 151, villa 
8, 25, &c. ; Werkis, 2 sg. xvi 
264; Wro;t(e), Wroght, pa.t. 
i 65, 168, v 293, vi 165, xvn 4 
(2 sg .), &c. ; Wrou^te, vm a 
103, 243 (sufy'.),8cc.; Wrouhte, 
vm b 87 (sTtbj.*) ; Wro^t, 
Wroght, //. V 276, VII 58, 
&c. ; Wroujt, n 374, vm a 
308; Wraght, *xvn 98 (MS. 
wroght ; see Vnsoght) ; let Cod 
worche, let God do as He wills 
(?read worthe; see Wor}>e, 

10 * 



GLOSSARY 



Yworth), v 140. [OE. wyrcan 

pa. t. worhte (warhte, wrohte) ; 

with er forms cf. Scherte, Werse, 

and see App. p. 280.] 
"Were, v> to ward (off), I 167. 

[OE. werian. 1 ] 
"Were, v? to wear (clothes), v 

390; Ywerd,//. n 341. [OE. 



Were, v. 3 to wear (out), decay, 
Xiv c 3 ; /*'/ hit be wered ffut, 
until the present state has passed 
away, VIII b 85. [A sense- 
development of the prec. (cf. 
OE. for hatred, worn out) ; bnt 
the infl. of forms of quite dis- 
tinct origin, such as OE. for- 
weren, -woren, worn out, de- 
cayed, (Jor}weorttian, decay, 
was perh. ultimately respon- 
sible.] 

Wery. See Wary, v. 

\Very, adj. weary, xi 135, xnic 
48, XV c 30. [OE. werig.'} 

Werynes, n. wearyness, I 156, 
xn I a 49. [OE. werig-nes.~\ 

Werk(e), Wark(e), . work; 
labour, vi 239, vma 191, &c.; 
fabric, II 374; iverkis, works, 
fortress, XVI 191 ; action, deed, 
IV a 65, 84, vii 58, xi b 106, 
&c. ; task, vm 56, xvn 130, 
2 44> 2 55i & c ' J written work, 
vii 4, 55 ; in sg. deeds, doings, 
dealings, &c., n 317, v 299, 
XVI 17, 200. [OE. we(o~"rc.~] 

Werke. See Werche. 

"Workman, "Workeman, la- 
bourer, craftsman, villa 308, 
b 25 ; Werk(e)men,//. vi 147, 
villa 53, ix 119, &c. ; my 
werkemen, doers of my will, 
XVI 17. [OE we(o]rc-mann.'] 

Werldes; WernfeX See World; 
Was. 

Wernyng, n. refusal, v 185. 
[From OE. we'rnan.'] 

Werre, adj. and adv. compar. in 
worse plight, worse, xvi *154 
(MS. ware; ^<;note), 334. [ON. 
verri; *&y.verr.~\ See VVors(e). 

Werre ; Worse (Werst) ; Wes. 
See Wer(e) ; Wors(e) ; Was. 



West(e), adv. and n. west, vii 
105, xvi 333. [OE. west, adv.] 

Wete, adj. and n. wet, n 80, vn 
no, xiv c 30. [OE. wxt; 
wxta, .] 

Wete, Weete, v. to wet, ix 62, 
xni a 34. [OE. wxtan.~] 

Weper. See WheJ>er, conj?- 

Weue(n), v. to weave ; pp. 
Wouen, woven, v 290. [OE. 
wefati, pp. wefen ; cf. ON. pp. 
(v}ofam.'\ 

Weued, pa. t. presented, v 291 
(see note). [OE. wxfanJ] 

Wexe(n). See Waxe(n). 

Wha(m). See Who. 

Whan(ne), adv. interrog. and rel. 
when, i 104, 161, v 163, ix 19, 
XI a 8, &c. ; -whan that, when, 
ix 22, xn a 28, 155, &c. (see 
pat) ; Huanne, in 27, 31 ; 
Quen, v 206, 247, vi 18 ; 
Quhen, x 40, 171 ; Wanne, 
vin b i, 52, &c. ; Wenne, 
vni b 7; When, i 221, &c. : 
Whon,xiv<rno. [OE. h-wonne, 
hwanntf hwsRnne.\ 

Whar(e), Hwar, adv. interrog. 
and rel. where, xiv a 7, XV a 6, 
xvi 294 ; (with subj.) wherever, 
II 170; Quhar, to the place 
where, X 1 8 ; quhar at, quhar 
that, where, X 38 (see At 
rel.}, 149. As neut. pron. in: 
Whar(e)fore, for what (which) 
reason, iv b 33, xni a 1 3. [OE. 
hwser, hwdra, and prob. nnacc. 
hwKr, hwara."} See Nowhar(e) ; 
Wher(e), adv. ; cf. par(e) 

Wharred, pa. t. whirred, V 135. 
[Echoic.] 

What(e), Wat, Quat (v, vi), 
pron. interrog. what, II 102, 
xi b 195, xv e 8, xvn 163, &c. ; 
indir. I 56, iv 65, v in, 
vin b 38, &c. ; indef. (with 
subj.) whatever, n 339, 450, 
467 ; approaching rel. xn b 142 
(cf. Vina 242), xvi 174 (see 
note and App. p. 289) ; exclam. 
what!, XVI 101 ; lo! V 133-6 ; 
quat so, whatsoever, vi 206 ; 
what with . . . and ('as Mn.E. 



GLOSSARY 



idiom), XVII 2 1 4. Adj. interrog. 
what, vi 115, &c. ; indir. VI 
32, VII 83, &c. ; indcf. (with 
j4/'0 whatever, vi 163; exclam. 
what !, II 234 ; /0/fo 7fAa/, j^ 
Loke; what man (ping), who, 
what, II 421, 116, &c. ; what . . . 
fat, what, VII 92 ; whatever, 
Xlia 11, xnirt 58 (with stibj.}. 



Wheder; Whedir. 5teWheter; 

Whider. 
Whelp, n. whelp, pup, xiv 78. 



Wher(e), Quere (vi), adv. inter- 
rog. and rel. where, whither, II 
194, vi 1 6, xvi 272, 377; 
wherever (with subj.}, xvi 402 ; 
wher(e) pat, (to the place) 
where, ix 184, xn 59, 153, 
&c. ; in a case where, when, 
xn b 139; wherever, ix 177. 
As neut. pron. in : Werby, 
Wherby, on account of which, 
VIII b 35 ; by which, xil b 55 ; 
Wheriore, wherefore ; why, ix 
176, &c.; and so, V 210, IX 135, 
202, &c. ; Whereof, Huerof, 
(out) of which, in 2, 8, IX 153, I 
238, XII b 120, &c. ; on account 
of which, xn a 10, 38, 71, 190, 
* 159, &c. ; concerning which, 
II 16, XII b 212, &c. ; -wherof i 
that, whereby, wherefore, xil a \ 
1 16, 140, b 222 ; Whereon, in i 
which, II 267. [OE. /iivser, i 
/i-aier.] See Whar(e). 

Wher(e), conj., interrog. (introcl. | 
a direct question), XI b 64, 171, j 
197, 266, 274 ; (indir.) whether, 
xi a 51, b 207. [Reduction of 



Whestones, n. pi. whetstones, 
XIII a 45. [OE. hwet-stan.'} 

Whete, n. wheat, villa 9, 33, 
299; adj. wheaten, vni a 131. 
[OE. hw&te ; adj. kw&ten.'} 

Wheper, Whethire, Wheder 
(xvn\ Weper (vi), conj?- in- 
terrog.viiihind.orsubj. ; (introd. 
a direct question) V 118, VI 
205; (indir.) whether, xvn 
363 ; (alternative condition) 



whethire . . . or, whether ... or, 
IV b 76 ; Quepersoeuer, (with 
subj.~) whether, vi 246. [OE. 
/iwx}er.~] See Wher(e), conj. 

Wheper, conj? however, (and) 
yet, VI 221. [OE. hwxpere^ 

Whette, pa. t. ground ; made a 
grinding noise, V 135; Quet- 
tyng, . sharpening, grinding, 
v 152 (note). [OE. hwettan.} 

Whi, Why, Hwi, adv. interrog. 
why, I 64, II 332, xv a 17, xvn 
294, &c. ; for whi, xvn 14, 
518 ; Quy, vi 201 ; Wi, xv^- 
25 ; Wy, VI 173, 204; indirect 
\npe cause why, the reason why, 
xni b 66 ; exclam. why then, 
v 232. [OE. Awf.] 

Which(e), Wiche, interrog. adj. 
which, what, n 494, &c. ; pron. 
which, who, Vina 126, &c. ; 
rel. adj. in the whiche, which, 
IX 2 ; pron. who, which, XII a 
52, 61, in, &c. ; the ivhicfi(e) 
(wiche), which, whom, vm b 3 1 , 
IX 276, 298, xn a 35, &c.; the 
whiche J>at, who(m), ix 190, 
337 J rf the whiche . . . offe, of 
which, ix 24 ; as he which, &c., 
see note xn a 23. See App., 
p. 289. [OE. hwJlc.'] See 
Whilke. 

Whider, Whedir (xvil), adv. 
interrog. whither, n 128, 288, 
296, xi v 21, xvu 313; indef. 
whithersoever, n 129, 130; 
Whider so, (with subj.} 
whithersoever, n 340. [OE. 
hwider.~\ 

Whyyt, adj. white, xnifl 31; 
Whyte, White, n 105, xvi 
89, &c. ; Quyte, Quite, v 20, 
296; Whittore, compar. xvc 
27. [OE. h-wit; compar. 
folffttt.] 

Whil(e), Whyl(e), Wyl, Qu- 
hill (x), conj. while, I 8, vn 
56, xiv c 29. 36, &c. ; until, vi 
168, X 32, 67, 197; quhill pat, 
until, *x 63. [OE. pd AwJ/e/e ; 
see next.] 

While, Whyle, Wyle, n. time, 
while, v 301, xiv a 5 (see Wei), 

10** 



GLOSSARY 



23, &c. ; by whyle, from time to 
time, II 8 ; eny ivyle, for any 
length of time, VIH b 25 ; }at 
ilke -while . . . perwhile, while 
(fottj'.'), vill a 1 55-6 ; pe while, 
while (conj.~}, vine 58, 283. 
[OE. hwil.~\ See Hondqwile, 
Ojwrwhile, J>erewhiles, &c. 

Whyle, adv. for a while, xv c 33. 
[OE. hwik, hwilum.] 

W hiles ; Whils, Whyls ; Qwiles 
(vn) ; conj. while, vn 39, VIH a 
314, xvi 55, xvn 397. [Ex- 
tended from While, conj., with 
adv. -.] 

Whilke, Wylke,r/.lr<w. which, 
xvi 14 ; /* wy/fe, which, iv 
30. [OE./te>ifc.] J Which(e). 

Whilom, Whilum, adv. once, 
formerly, xil a 179, 2, XIV 5. 
[OE. hwifam.~\ 

Whyne, v. to scream, xvn 229. 
[OE. AtttiMff.] 

Whyp, . whip, xvn 378. [Ob- 
scure.] 

Whyrlande, pres. p. whirling, v 
154. [OE. hwyrf(t}lian; ON. 
hvirfla.~] 

White, Whittore. See Whyyt. 

Who, Wha (iv), Quo (\'i),pron. 
ititerrog. who, n 263, iva 14, 
vi 67, &c. ; who is, who is it, 
xvn 295; indir. I 50, &c. ; 
indef. in who that, whoever, if 
any one, XII b 24. Obi. case : 
Wham, interrog. whom, n 
128; Quom, Whom(e), rel. 
vi 93, ix 77, xvi 82, &c. ; 
Whos,w. sg. rel. whose, i 91, 
xn b 79 ; the whos, whose, xn a 
113. Whasa, Whoso (euer), 
ittdef. whoever, I 2, iva 71, 
vin a 67, &c. ; but whoso, unless 
one^ VIII a i. [OE. hwa, dat. 
hwam.'] 

Whon. See Whan(ne). 

Wi, Wy. See Whi. 

Wycche, n. wizard, ix 85. [OE. 
wiccaJ] 

Wiche; Wicht. ^Which(e): 
Wight, adj. 

Wid. See With. 

Widder, v. to wither, xvn 63. 



[OE. *widr(f}an, expose, be 
exposed, to the weather.] 

Wyde, Wide, adj. wide, spacious, 
II 365, xvil 541 ; adv. wide 
open, X 185 ; far and wide, XIV b 
29. [OE. oft/; adv. ivid(e}^\ 

Wydwes. See Wodewe. 

Wif(e), Wyf, Wiif (n), n. wife, 
n 178, v 283, xn a 3, xvii 
106, &c. ; Wyue, dat. sg. in 
52 ; Wiues, Wyues, Wifls, 
//. II 399, viii a 13, xvii 144, 
&c. [OE. a;;/.] 

Wyfman, . woman, ill 30, 31, 
36 ; Wymman, III 23 ; 
Wimon, xv^- 7 ; Wom(m)an, 
ii 211, xi A 61, &c. ; Wym- 
men(e),//. iv b 54, v 347, xv b 
32, c ii,&c. ; Wommen, I 53, 
vill a 8, &c. ; Women(e), IV b 
42, xvii 208. [OE. wif-wann, 
ivimmanl\ 

Wight. Wyht, Wicht (x), adj. 
valiant, X 122, 148, XI v b 5 (see 
Wede) ; ? adv. quickly, straight- 
way, xv b 36. [ON. vig-r, neut. 
vig-t.~] 

Wight, Wyght, n. creature, 
person, Vina 243, xvii 47, &c.: 
Wyjte, vi 134; Wiht, xn b 
77 ; Wytes, pi. xv i 1 9. [OE. 
witt.] 

Wyje, Wegh, . knight, man, 
V 6, 30, vil 19, &c. ; vocative, 
Sir (knight), &c., V 23, 59, 172 ; 
Wy3e3, Weghes, Wees, pi. 
vi 219, vii 23, 55. [OE. wiga, 
warrior.] 

Wijtliche, adv. vigorously, vill a 
21. [From Wight, adj'^ 

Wiif. See Wif. 

Wyke, M. week, vin a 253. [OE. 
voice.] See Woke. 

Wikid, Wikked, Wykked, 
Wicked, adj. bad, evil, wicked, 
iv a 65, ihu a i, 29, ix 85, xvi 
234, &c. [Extended from (ob- 
scure) ME. wikke, bad ; cf. 
Wrecched.] 

Wil, Wyl(e). See Whil(e); 
Wille, n. and v. 

Wild. See Wille, v. 

Wild(e), Wylde, adj. wild, n 



GLOSSARY 



214, 3 57 v 95> &c -; unruly, 
self-willed, \alof he wer neuer 


fille] ; willow or nellow, whether 
you are willing or not, vin a 149 


sa wyldf, however sinful were 


(cf. II 154); (without expressed 


his life, iv a 75. [OE. wilde.} 


infin.) will go (come), V 64, 


See Wylle, adj. 


xvu 504 ; wilt thou so, you'll 


Wildernes, -nisse, . wilderness, 


do that, will you? xvil 226. 


II 212, 560. [OE. wildeornes 


fa. t. desired, wished, was 


(in Sweet).] 


willing; was likely, used; in- 


Wiles, Wyles, . //. wiles, v 347, 


tended, would ; subj. would 


352, xiv b 55. [OE. wig(e}l 


(be willing), would (should) 


coalescing with ONFr. *wile 


like, could wish, &c. ; as auxil. 


(OFr. guile}; see Napier, O.E. 


of condit. or fa. t. subj. would, 


Glosses, p. 159 (note).] See Gile, 


should, &c. : Vald, x 79; 


Biwyled. 


Wald(e), iv a 39, x 21, xiv 


Wylyde, adj. ? guileful, v 299. 


1 2, &c. ; Wild, I introd. (! ON. 


[From prec.] 
Wylke. dteWhilke. 


vilda) ; Wold(e), I 185 (rime 
colde}, II 188, 279, in 37, iv b 


Will(e), Wyll(e), Wil, Wyl, n. 


25, V 28, vi 30, vin a 204, xi 


pleasure, desire, will, intent, 


a 51, xiv c 20, xvi 253, xvu 


purpose, i 49, 11 224, 345, 568, 


47, &c. ; Wulde, i 47, 90, 171 ; 


iv a 29, v 90, x 47, xi b 7, xv 


2 sg. Wold(e), Wolde;, -est, 


34, c 3, &c. ; good will, favour, 


n 454, v 59, vi 50, xvi 362, 


v 319 ; at his owhen w., at his 


xvu 172, &c. ; wold awede, was 


pleasure, n 271 ; at my (his} 
wille, subject to my (his) will, 


liketogomad(0rwasgoingmad) 
II 87 ; woldich noldich, whether 


vill a 200, Xiv b 56 ; wip wille, 


I would or no, n 154 (cf. via a 


joyously, xvd 15; with my 


149) ; (without expressed infin.) 


wille, with my consent, xvi 297 ; 


wold vp (in\ desired to rise 


ligktnes of w., levity, vn 15; 


(enter), II 96, 378 ; whider lai 


swete tv., good pleasure, n 384. 


wold, where they were going to, 1 1 
296 ; walde away, would depart, 


Wylle, adj. bewildering, wander- 
ing (path), V 1 6. [ON. vill-r.~] 


Iv a 75- [OE. willan, wyllan; 
pa. t. wolde, wdlde.~\ See Ichil, 


See Wild(e). 


Ichulle. 


Wille, v. desire, wish, be willing ; 


Wilnest, 2 sg.pres. desirest, VHI a 


be likely, wont; in tend, will, &c., 


256. [OE. ivilnianJ] 


and as auxil. of fut. i and 3 


Wymman, Wimon, &c. See 


sg. pres. Wil, Wyl, I lo, V 89, 


Wyfman. 


147, vin a 24, 39, ix 252, &c. ; 


Wind(e), Wynd(e), Wynt, . 


Will(e), Wyll, in 2, iv a 31, 


wind, breath, iv b 5, vn 116, 


52, &c. ; Wol(e),n 24, 1x279, 


xin a 8, xiv a 33, c 35, &c. ; 


xi048,&c.; Woll(e),vm^4o, 


Wynd blast, blast of wind, 


xv c 17, xvi 7, &c. ; 2 sg. Wil, 


xvn 355- L OE - w<W.] 


Wyl(l), iv a 4, 17, 88, villa 


Wyndo(w), n. window, xvil 136, 


222, &c. ; Wylt, v 73. Wolt, 


280. [ON. vind-augal\ 


vin a 271, xii b 42, xv g 33; 


Wyne, . wine, IV a 51 (footnoted. 


(with suffixed pron.) Wiltou, 


[OE. win.'] 


-ow, II 128, xiv a 21, &c. ; (fur- 


Wyng, Weng, . wing, IV b 6, 


ther reduced) Wolte, xv^ 19, 


48,1x257, xn a 176, &c. [ON. 


22 ; pi. Wyl, Wil(l), I 2^9, iv b 


vxng-r.] 


2,ixn8,&c.; Wol,Wole(n), 


Wynke, . a wink (of sleep), I 


Vin85,ix64,xi64,i6i,xiii<$ 


159. [From OE. wincian, v.] 


23, &c.; Wolle,xvi 240 (rime 


Wynne, Wyn, n. gain, profit, 



GLOSSARY 



v 35 3 5 hyn to mekill wyn, to 
his great profit, XVII 109. [OE. 
(ge-}winn.~] 

Wynne(n), Winne, Wyn, v. to 
win ; Wan(ne), pa. t. sg. vm a 
90, XVI 9, &c. ; //. vil 1 74 ; 
Wonne(n), //. v 23, vi 157, 
&c. ; Wonen, v 347, vn 169 ; 
Won, iv a 40, &c. ; Ywon, n 
561 : trans, to procure (with 
toil), vm 021,127; to wm ( m 
contest, &c.), win over, iv a 8, 
20, xiv b 1 6, 56, xvi 9, &c.; to 
earn, vi 219, vm a 90, xvi 
230, &c. ; to gain, get, xvi 132, 
xvii 363, &c. ; to (manage to) 
bring, get, IV a 40, v 23, 347, 
VII 174; wynne (away) , rescue, 
n 561, xvi 18, 171, 266, 406; 
intr. to labour profitably, earn 
(something), vm a 155, 316, 
XII b 37 ; to win one's way, get 
(to), v 163; get (away, from), 
escape, xvn 24, 549, &.c.;(were] 
wonen of, had escaped, VII 169 ; 
ivyn to end, succeed in com- 
pleting, xvn 130 ; to go, come, 
vi 47, vi 1 5 7. [OE. ge-winnan 
and ON. mtina."] 

Wynnynge, . gain, profit, VIII b 
102. [From prec. ; ON. vin- 
ning-r.~] 

Wynt. See \Vind(e). 

Wynter, Wintur, -er, n. winter, 
II 359, vil 100 ; as adj. xv b 8, 
1 1 (see note) ; Winter-schours, 
-tyde, winter storms, winter 
time, n 59, xiv b 26. [OE. 
winter; winter-scur, -tid.~\ 

Wypped,/a./T. sent flying, V 181. 
[Cf. Fris., Du., LG. wippcn.} 

Wyrde, n. fate, v 66, 350 (cf. 
217); wyrdes, chances, vm b 
102. [OE. wyrd.~\ 

Wyre, v. to turn; throw, X 112. 
[OFr. virer.~\ 

Wirk(e), Wyrk(e), &c. See 
Werche. 

Wis(e), Wys(e), adj. wise, iv a 

2, VII 31, XI b 250, XII b 222, 

&c. [OE. wis.~] 

Wys(e)dome, Wisdome, n. 
wisdom, iv b 56, 68, vm a 53; 



Jece of wisdom, vm a 206. 
)E. wis-doi.~\ 
_ se, Wise, n. manner, fashion, 
guise. *n 158 (note), v 124, vn 

6 5 77> VIU a S9> XVI 2 r ' in 
many wise, in many ways, xn a 
39 ; in no(?ie) wise, at all, vm a 
300, ix 283; in the wise as, 
just as, xil a 101 ; other wise 
many fold, in many another 
fashion, xvii 54. [OE. wise.'] 

Wish, n. desire,^ will, xvn 4. 
[Stem of OE. wyscan, v.] 

Wysli, Wysely, adv. thought- 
fully, carefully, xiv c 14, XVII 
435. [OE. wls-lice.'] 

Wisse, Wysshe, v. to guide, 
direct, vn 4 (note) ; wissed hyi 
bettere, directed him (to do) 
better, VI 1 1 a 158. [OE. 
wissian.~\ 

Wist(e), &c. See Wite(n),.. 

Wysty, adj. lonely, deserted, v 
121. [OE. wtstig; for vowel 
cf. Ryste, and see Morsbach, 
ALE. Gram., 109.] 

Wit, Witt(e), Wyt, Wytt(e), 
n. sg. mind, senses, wits, n 82, 
in 46 (dot.}, xn* 137, xvi 344, 
&c. ; wisdom, XI a 10 ; intelli- 
gence, discernment, understand- 
ing, i n, vn 4, vm 053, xi a 1 2, 
32 (? interpretation), 52, xn 
198, &c. ; sense, meaning, XI a 6, 
47, 53, &c. ; //. intelligence, II 
38, xi b 113 ; senses, wits, xn a 
158 ; fyue wytiej, five senses, 
V 125. Bi my wytle (wit}, as 
I think, v 28, xvn 452 ; do . . . 
his wit, apply his mind, XI b 6 ; 
gode wytt, sound mind, ix 83 ; 
Kynde Witt, (natural) good 
sense, vm a 243. [OE. viitt.~\ 

Wit, Wyt. See With. 

Wite(n), Wyte, Witte, v> to 
know, learn, be aware, I 38, 
vm a 204, xi b 82, xn a 43, 
&c. ; Wate, i and 3 sg. pres. 
iv a 16, vi 142, xvn 444, &c.; 
Woot, xi a 43, 50 ; Wote, I 
38, vm a 124, xvn 313, &c. ; 
see Ichot, Not ; West, 2 sg. vi 
51; Wote, xvi 222; Wate, 



GLOSSARY 



pi. I introd. ; Wyte, I 250 ; 
Wotte, xvi 171. Wist(e), 
"Wyst(e), pa. t. i 1 60, II 194, 
in 27, 45, vn 23, xv g ii 
(stibj.\ &.c. ; would know 
(*#.), ix 184; j^ Nist. Z><? to 
wyte, inform, II 2 ; We wille je 
witte, we intend that you should 
know (i.e. have full warning of 
the rescue of the souls), xvi 
176; taitte pou wele, be assured, 
xy l 35- [OE. witan; wat 
pret. pres. ; iviste, &c.] See 
Ywyte. 

"Wite, v. y to guard, keep, II 206, 
xv / 1 3. [OE. witian t but in 
ME. the senses and forms clue 
to OE. witan (str.) , witan (pret. 
pres.), and witian (wk.) were 
confused.] 
Wyte, v. z fade, vanish, iv a 34. 

[OE. ge-wttan.} 
Wyter, adj. wise, xv c 25. [Late 

OE. aV/<rr, from ON. #/-.] 
Wyterliche, adv. clearly, vin b 
38. [From prec. in ME. sense 
' plain '.] 

Wytes. See Wight, . 
With, Wy}>, Wid (xvg\ Wit 
(vm 6), Wyt (xv d 6), &c., 
prep, with, against, xiv 36, 
xvil 138, &c.; (meet) with, n 
510, VIII b 6, XV g 7 ; (to- 
gether) with, among, I 54, 133 
(see Wo), ii 84, iv a 4 (see 
Beste), 5, xv^so, &c.; <$?/;/* 
with, does not associate with, 
iv b 2 ; at, xn a 142 ; zwiVA 
J>at, thereupon, vill a 239; 
with (instr.*) II 106, IV b 62, xv,f 
8, 29, &c. ; by (means, reason 
of), n 404, vii 142, xvi 160, 
297, &c. ; by (agent}, v 348,351, 
358, vii 53, &c. With al, 
entirely, vin a 76 (OE. mid 
alle) ', with all this, meanwhile, 
x 114; wyth lytiel, with little 
result, vi 215 ; -what with . . . 
and with, what with . . . and, 
xvil 214. Bowes . . . to schote 
with arwes (to shoot arrows 
with) is normal ME. order, ix 
258; cf. vin a 259, 290, &c. 



[OE. wij> blended with mid 

(*#).] See J>ar(e), Jter(e). 
Withal, Vithall, adv. withal, 

x 9 ; forth withal, straightway, 

xn b 82, 129. [OE. mid alle; 

see prec.] 
Withdrawe, v. to withdraw ; 

intr. retire, vin a 324 ; //. reft 

(from her), xii a 158. [OE. 

wip + dragan.] See Draw(e). 
Wythhalde, v. to hold back, v 

200; Withhelde.Wythhylde, 

pa. t. v 100, 223, &c. [OE. 

wip + hdldan.] See Holde(n). 
Within(ne), Wi]?ynne, Vithin 

(x), &c., adv. inside, IX 141, X 

13, 70, xm a 16, XV * a, &c. ; 

in (his) heart, v 302 ; prep. 

within, in, vi 80, &c. ; (freq. 

postponed) iv a 38, 40, xvi 

282, &c. ; (of time) xii a 29. 

[OE. wip-innan^ 
Withoute(n), -outten, -owte(n), 

out, &c., adv. outside, X 68, XV * 

2, xvil 127, &c. ; prep, with- 

out, ii 460, iv a 96, vi 30, xvi 

300, xvil 149, &c. ; see Ende, 

Lees, Nay, No, &c. [OE. wty- 

utan.~] 
Withtakand, pres. p. reprehend- 

ing, iv b 9. [OE. wip~ + ON. 

taka.} See Take(n). 
Witnesse, v. to testify, vin b 91. 

[From Wittenesse.] 
Wit-sunday, n. Whitsunday 

(with pun on Wit], XI a 12. 

[OE. se hwtta sunnan-dxgJ] 
Witt(e), &c. See Wit, Wite(n). 
Wittenesse, . witness, testimony, 

xvi 279 ; see Drawe. [OE. ge- 

i.uit(f}nes.~\ 

Wyues, Wiues. See Wif. 
Wlaffyng, n. stammering, indis- 

tinct utterance, XIII b 14. OE. 



Wlytep, pres. pi. pipe, warble, 
xv b ii. [Imit. of sound, or 
corrupt for ? ivryttej) ; cf. OE. 
writian, warble, ME. write- 
linge, n.] 

Wo, . woe, grief, pain, sorrow, 
&c., I 168, n 5, xv b 8, xvil 
40, &c.; Woo(e), xvi 18, 300, 



GLOSSARY 



&c.; Wa(a), IV a 23, xvi 406, 
&c. ; wo was wyth (hym\ (he) 
was grieved, I 132; me is wo, 
woe is me, unhappy am I, II 
33 *> 542 ; (with nom. pron.} or 
ye be wo, ere you are in trouble, 
xiv d 1 1 (see Ware, adj.} ; with 
(mocker) wo, (very) painfully, 
vn 169, xn a 105; wept aiut 
wo, II 195, 234; for wele ne 
iva(a), on no account, IV a 2, 
b 74; worpe hit wele o]>er wo, 
whatever happens, v 66 (see 
WorJ>e, z/.). [OE. wd.~\ 

Wod(e), n. wood(land), I 62, II 
3 37> v '6, 84, &c. ; trees, xv b 
14; wood, fuel, XII b 113, 123, 
&c. ; to wode, into the woods, 
xn b 5. [OE. wudu.~] 

Wode, Woode (xvi), adj. mad, 
furious, 11394, v 231, xn a 138, 
xv g 17, xvi 344, xvn 426. 
[OE. wod.] See Awede. 

Wodehed, n. madness, reckless- 
ness, I 31. [OE. wod + *-hdu.~] 

Wodenes, . fury, vn 138. [OE. 
wad-nes.'] 

Woderoue, . woodruff, xv b 9. 
[OE. wuihi-rofe.'] 

Wodewe, n. widow, in 23 ; 
Wydwes, //. vina 13; We- 
dows, xvn 389. [OE. wudnwe, 
wid(e)we~\ 

Wogh, n. evil, misery, xvn 533. 
[OE. woh.-} 

Woke, w. week, xma 28. [OE. 
wucu.~\ See Wyke. 

Wol(e), Wold',e), Woll(e). 
See Wille, v. 

Welcome. See Welcom. 

Wolle, n. wool, vin a 13, ix 142, 
238, 239. [OE. wull(t}.~\ 

Wolt(e). See Wille, v. 

Wolues, . //. wolves, n 539 ; 
Wolues-kynnes, of wolfs 
kind, wolvish. vin a 154. [OE. 
wulf; wulfes (gen. sg.) + 
cynnes.'] See Kyn. 

Wombe, . belly, vinas 168, 
b 54 ; distrib. sg. {see Herte) 
vin a 209, 253 ; womb, XI b 
30. [OE. wdmb, womb.'] 

Wom(m)an, &c. See Wyfman. 



Won. See Wan(ne), Wynne(n). 

Won(e), v. to dwell, abide, V 30, 
vi 44, xn a 191, xin b 5, 7, 
xiv a 33, &c. ; Wonne, xvi 
'Si 235, 379, &c. ; Wonyd, 
pp. dwelt, V 46 ; Wont, accus- 
tomed, vin a 160, xn a 179. 
[OE. (ge)-wunian, dwell, be 
accustomed.] See Ywon(ed) ; 
Wones, n. pi. 

Wonder, -ur ; Wounder (xv b) ; 
Wunder, -yr; (i) n. wonder, 
amazement, (a) marvel, iv a 85, 
xili b 42, xvn 265, &c. ; miracu- 
lous deed, 1 102 ; mans wonder, 
amazement of mankind, monster, 
xvii 408 ; spake of hem wunder, 
spoke wonderingly of them, I 
225 ; Wondres, //. marvels, 
xin a 6 ; (ii) adj. (orig. loose 
compound), marvellous, xin a 
3 1, xvi 1 496; (iii) adv. (cf. OE. 
wundrum}, marvellously, II 
104, 356, v 132, xin a 10, xv* 
33, &c. [OE. wundor, w&ndor^\ 
See Wundred. 

Wonderfol, Wondirful(l), adj. 
wonderful, ix 144, 266, Xllla 
7. [OE. wundor-ful.] 

Wonderli, Wonderlych, adv. 
marvellously, Xlla 54, Xllla 
14. [OE. wundor-Iice.~] 

Wondringe, n. wonder, Xili 
213. [OE. wundrungJ] 

Woned, I 1 89 : ? read wende, 
went ; see note. 

Wonon. See Wynne(n). 

Wones, Wone5, n.pl. halls, II 
365 ; (with sg. sense) dwelling, 
v 130, 332. [?ON. -van, ex- 
pectation, occas. used as ' place 
where one may be expected to 
be' (cf. Norweg. von, expecta- 
tion, haunts of game) ; but the 
word was infl. by assoc. with 
Wone, dwell (g.v.), with which 
it was often joined in allit. ME. 
rimes all require wgn or wan.'] 
See Wane, v. 

Wonges, n.pl. cheeks, XVC32. 
[OE. wdng, ivong.~] 

Wonne(n). See Wynne(n), 
Won(e). 



GLOSSARY 



Wonte, -v. to be lacking ; yow 
(dat.) wonted, you lacked, v 
298 ; jef me shal wonte, if I do 
not have, xv b 34. [ON. vanta.~\ 

Woo(e) ; Woode ; Woot. See 
Wo ; Wode, adj. ; Wite(n), vl 

Worchinge, -yng, n, working, 
operation, IX 56 ; wondur w., 
miraculous property, XIII a 32. 
[OE. wyrcuHg.-] See Werche. 

"Worchip. See Worschipe. 

Word(e), Woord, "Wurde (i), 
. word, I 1 08, n 139, 222, v 
305, xi a 10, xvn 380, &c.; 
plighted word, II 468 ; fame, 
in fie word of him walkes fitl 
wide, his fame is spread abroad, 
Xiv b 29 ; worchip and wordes, 
obsequious words, VII 174. 
[OE. word."] 

"Wore, n. 1 troubled pool, xv c 30 
(note). [OE. -war (in doubtful 
gloss), turbid, muddy water (see 
Napier, O.E. Glosses, p. 49 
(note) ; but cf. OE. wdrig, ME. 
ivori, muddy).] 

"Wore ; "Workis ; "Workeman. 
See Was ; Werche ; Werkman. 

World(e), . world, earth, men, 
. I 225, n 41, ix 72, &c. ; 
Warld, n 403, xvn 70, 303 ; 
war Id so wide, xvn 541 ; 
"World, xiv o 16 ; in world, of 
the w., on earth, xv c 25, ix 
183; werlttes, worldes, (gen.) of 
the world, worldly, in worldes 
reckes, IV 6 61 ; worldes wele, 
see \Vele, . [OE. w(e]orold.] 

"Worldly, adj. worldly, secular, 
temporal, \ib 2, 55, 96, 140, 
&c. [OE. worold-lic.~\ 

Worm, . snake, worm, n 252, 
iv b 27, xn b 195, xv b 31. 
[OE. wyrm.-} 

"Worschipe, \Vorschyp, . hon- 
our, vi 34, 119, ix 109, 333; 
"Worchip, vn 174 ; "Worshep, 
viii b 79; Wurschyp, I 91. 
[OE. w(e}orj>-, wurp-scipe^\ 

Worsohip(e), v. to honour, wor- 
ship, viii a 95, XI b 168 ; Wur- 
schy ppe p, imp . pi. \ 84. [From 
prec.] 

Wors(e), adj. conipar. worse, xi l> 



75, xni a 59, xvi 320, &c. ; 
Wers(e), xvi 200 ; neuer him 
nas wers, never had he been 
more unhappy, II 98 ; "Wars, 
adv. in the wars, so much the 
worse that, xvn 191 (see J>e, 
adv.}. Werst, attj. super!. 
worst, meanest, II 367 ; "Worst, 
V 3. [OE. wyrsa, wyrsta', with 
er- forms cf. Werche, Scherte.] 
See Werre. 

"Worst. See Wor]>e, v. 

Wortes, . vegetables, vni a 303. 
[OE. wyrt.-] 

WorjMJ, "Wrjje, adj. worth, vi 91 ; 
worthy, in pou were wrj>e, you 
would be worthy, you deserve, 
xv^ 8 (cf. WorJ>y). [OE. 
weorpe, wyrj>e.~\ 

"Worpe, v. to come to pass, be- 
come, be, and auxil. of passive 
(esp. with fut. sense) ; "Worst, 
2 sg.pres. wilt be, II 170, 174; 
"Worth, 3 sg. will be, VIII a 48 ; 
will come to pass, \liia 156; 
"Worjje, "Worth, "Worth, subj. 
pres. be, let there be, v 306, vi 2; 
worle hit wele oper wo, come 
weal or woe, v 66 (see Wo) ; 
wel worth pe, may it go well 
with thee, v 59 ; wele wurthpe 
while, good luck to the time, 
happy the occasion, xiv<r 5, 
&c. (see Wel). "Warth,/a. t. sg. 
in hym warth, accrued to him, 
vm 102; "Worked, subj. 
would fare, v 28; "Worjwn, 
//. in is w. to, has turned to, is 
become (one of), vi 34. [OE. 



Worjjy, "Worthi, adj. merited, 
just, xvi 324 ; worthy, deserv- 
ing (constr. to and injin.}, \\ b 
10, ix 172, xvi 132 ; w. to 
reherse, worth repeating, XI a 4 ; 
were w. (be), deserve (to be), 
xvi 357, xvn 200 (were is subj. ; 
cf. WorJ>e, adj.}; worthy (of 
honour), worshipful, VI 134, ix 
269, XI a 25, xn a 165, xvn 19 ; 
worthiest (of}, most worshipful 
(in), xvn 489. "Worthier, com- 
par.adv. more honourably, vma 
48; "Worpili, adv. honour- 



GLOSSARY 



ably, xi vc 67. [OE. wy>-J>ig, 

merited.] See Vnworthi. 
Wost, Wot(t)e. See VVite(n), &. 1 
Woth, Wope. See WaJ>e, n. 1 
Wou, adv. how (is it that), why, 

xv<f 25. [OE. //, 1 infl. by 

//o% &c.] See Hou. 
Wouen. A<f Weue(n). 
Wounde, . //. wounds, n 393; 

"Woundis, x 51. [OE. wuitd.] 
"Wounder. See Wonder. 
Woundit, //. wounded, x 141, 

154; Voundit, x 63. [OE. 

iv&ndianJ] 
Wowes, Wowep, pres. pi. woo, 

make love, xv 19, 31. [OE. 

ivogian.~\ 
Wowyng, . love-making, love- 

suit, v 293, 299, xv c 29. [From 



Wrake, 



rake, . injury, xvil 138. 

[OE. ioracu.~\ 
Wrang(e) , adj. and adv. wrong, 

unjustly), vi 128, xvi 264, 265, 

305, xvn 1 88. [Late OE. 

wrdng, from ON. *wrang-, 

Olcel. rang-r.~] 
"Wrappe, v. to wrap, xv/ 10. 

[Obscure; ? cf. ME. (w}lappen, 

wrap.] 
Wrastlynges, . //. wrestling- 

matches, 1 1. [OE. wr&stlung.~\ 
"Wrath, v. to anger; to ?fra//* 

hym (refl.), to become enraged, 

Villa 146; Wrathed, //. 

wronged, brought to grief, v 

353. [From next.] See Wrethe. 
Wra]))>e, Wrath)>e, . anger, xi^ 

94; offence, vi 2. [OE.wr&J>fo, 

anger, injury.] See WroJ>, 

Wreth. 
Wrechched, adj. afflicted, trou- 

bled, IX 317; Wrechidnes, 

. misery, iv 29. [From 

next.] 
Wreche, n. unhappy one, 11 *333 

(MS. wroche), 544 ; Wretche, 

xiv c 21, 23. [OE. ivrecca.~\ 
Wreke, n. vengeance, xvi 191. 

[OE. uora.cu or wrsec, infl. by 

next.] 
"Wreke, //. revenged, xv,f n; 

Wroken, V7"rokin, (banished), 

removed, vi 15 ; revenged, xiv 



4, 5, xvi 199. [OE. 
expel, punish.] See Awreke. 
"Wreth. n. anger, iva 75. [OE. 
r&po, wr&ppo^ See Wra)>}>e. 
Wrethe. v. to anger, offend, iv b 
85. [Cf. OE. ge-wr&pan, refl., 
to be enraged.] See Wrath. 
Wry?t, . carpenter, I 176; 
Write, xvi 230. [OE. wyrhta, 
wryhta^\ 
Wrightry, . carpentry, xvn 250. 

[Free. + OFr. .(e}rie.'] 
Wryng(e), v. to wring; wring 
(the hands), iva 65, xvn 211 ; 
"Wronge, pa. t. sg. wrung, 
twisted and pinched, vine 168. 
[OE. wringan.'] 

Writ(e), Writt(e), Wryt, . 
writing, in 36 (dot. sg.} ; Scrip- 
ture, I 12, iv 6 76, xi a 10, 
b 23, &c. [OE. writ.'] 
"Write, "Wryte, v. to write, vin a 
79, 72, ix 122 ; "Wrote, 
pa. t. sg. I 247 ; //. vn 58 ; 
"Writen, pa. t. pi. xi a 23 ; 
"Write(n), "Wryte(n),//. i 37, 
40, iva 2, vn 31, ix 318 (see 
Putte), xn a i, &c. ; Ywryte, 
Twrite, n i, 13, in inlrod., 
33; "Writyng(e), . vn 23, 
xi b 305. [OE. wrUan.~] 
"Write. See Wryjt. 
"Wrip, 3 sg. pres. covers, II 244. 

TOE. -cvreon, 3 sg. wrtj>.~] 

Wrype(n), v. to twist; bind, vi 

151 ; turn aside (from the just 

course) vi 128. [OE. wrtfan.} 

Wro, . nook, corner, v 154. 

[ON. *wrd, Olcel. rd.-\ 
Wrostfe) ; "Wroken ; "Wronge. 
.S^rWerche; Wreke; Wryng(e.. 
Wrote, v. to root in the earth, 

II 255. [OE. wrotan.'] 
Wro])(e), Wroth, adj. angry, at 
variance, II 122, vi 19, xv/ 7, 
xvn 36, &c. ; make hym (refl.) 
wroth, become angry, I 10. 
(OE. v>r&}.~\ See WraJ>>e. 
Wropely, adj. fiercely, v 221 ; 
Wropeloker, compar. more 
severely, v 276. [OE. iurdj>- 
l\ce, -htcor.~] 

Wrou3te(n), Wrouhte. See 
Werche. 



GLOSSARY 



WrJ)e. See Worjie, adj. 

Wruxled, //. in wr. in grene, 
1 changed into, turned, green, 
V 123 ; but ' adorned' is usually 
assumed here and for ivntxeled, 
Purity 1381. [OE. wrixl(i)an, 
(ex)change. A sense ' adorned ' 
might be derived from an (un- 
recorded) earlier sense, ' turn, 
wind round ' (? rel. to ivreon, 
wrigels], or perh. from OE. 
ivrixlan (bleoni), change colours, 
exhibit varied hues.] 

Wulde. See \Yille, v. 

Wundred, pa. t. wondered, I 114. 
[OE. iuundrian.\ See Wonder. 

Wuxme, . joy ; gen. sg. in wtmne 
wele (weole), wealth of joy, xv 
*u (MS. wynter), 35. [OE. 
wynn.~] 

Wurde; Wurschyp- ; Wurth. 
See Word(e) ; Worschip(e) ; 
Wor]>e, v. 

Y- ; see also 3, I. For past par- 
ticiples in y- not entered below 
see the verbs concerned. 

Yaf. See 3ene. 

Y-arched, pp. in y-arched of gold, 
built of gold in the shape of an 
arch, II 362. [OFr. archer, v.] 

Yarn. See Eorne. 

Ybilt, //. ? lodged, II 483 (MS. ; 
seenole); j^Bilt. [See N.E.D. 
s.vv. Build, Btiilt.~] 

Ybore, -born; Ybounde. See 
Ber(e); Bynde. 

Yclongen. See Clinge. 

Yclosed, //. enclosed, xm a 24, 
40. [ME. closen, from Clos, g.v.] 

Yeore (orig. pp. of Chese, q.v.}, 
chosen, excellent ; as mere in- 
tensive rime-tag, n 105, 148. 
[OE. j2-<wra.] 

Ydel, Ydill(iv), Hydel (vin), 
adj. unemployed, idle, iv b i, 
vi 154, 155, viil b 27, &c. ; 
slothful, iv b 9, xi b .219. [OE. 
idel.~] 

Ydelnesse, Ydyllnes (iv), ;/. 
lack of (useful) employment, 
idleness, iv b 7, XI b 64, 127, 
197. [OE. tdel-nes.'] 

Ydronke. See Drynke(n). 



Ye(--Te). SeeEi~,e. 

Yeaf, Yeaue. See 3eue. 

Yei, adv. yes indeed, XVII 370, 
458; oh yes (ironic), xvn 353. 
[? Reduction of a reiteration je- 
je, or assimilated to ME. nei, 
nay; see N.E.D. s.v. Yea.'] 
See 3a, 3e. 

Yelp, n. boast(ing), XVII 321. 
[OE. gelf.-\ 

Yendles; Yer(e). See Endles; 
3eer. 

Yfere, adv. in al yfere, all to- 
gether, n 223. [Orig. yfere(ti), 
OE. ge-feran, pi., (as) com- 
panions.] See Fere, n? 

Yfet ; Yfou3te ; Yfounde ; Y3e ; 
Yjyrned. See Fecche ; Fight ; 
Fynde(n) ; Else ; 3erne. 

Ygraced,//. thanked, villa 118. 
[OFr. gracier.~\ 

Yhad ; Yhe(n). See Habbe(n) ; 
Ei 3 e. 

Yhere, v. to hear, n 420 ; Yherd, 
pa. t. ii 528; Yhyerde, in 49. 
[OE. ge-heran.~\ See Here. 

Yhyjt, //. (adorned), arranged. 
XIII a i. [ME. hifiten, prob. 
from OE. hyht, pleasure (hyht- 
lic pleasant).] 

Yrus. adv. yes, xvi 61 (MS.). 
[OE. gise.~\ 

Yhonged ; Yiif. See Hange ; 5ef. 

Ylefde, pa. t. believed, HI 36. 
[OE. ge-lefan.'} See Eeleue; 
Leue, v? 

Yleft ; Ylent. See Leue, v. 1 ; 
l.eude. 

Ylet, n. hindrance ; jiffou makest 
otts ylet, if you offer any resis- 
tance to us, II 169. [Not re- 
corded elsewhere; usual ME. 
form is Lette, q. v. Other MSS. 
read any let.~] 

Ylokked, //. locked up, IX 174. 
[ME. lok(t}ett, from lot, OE. 
loc, n. ; cf. ON. loka, v.J See 
Loke, pp. ; Vnlokynne. 

Ylond, n. island, XIII a 20, b 2, 
44. [OE. Tg-ldnd.-] 

Ylore ; Ymad. See Lese, v. 1 ; 
Maken. 

Ymayraed, //. maimed, vin b 
35. [OFr. m(ali)ainier, &c. 



GLOSSARY 



cf. mafiaim, mayhem, &c., 


Yrokked, //. rocked, XIII b 33. 


n.] 


[OE. (late) rocdan.'] 


Ymake, adj. becoming, comely, 


Y-se, v. to see, 11 530; Yze}, 


xv c 1 6. [OE. ge-msec^ 


pa.t.sg. 11135,41, 56; Ysei;e, 


Ymarked, //. marked out, ap- 


pa t. pi. II 328 ; for pp. see 


pointed, II 548. [OE. mearcian.~] 


Se(n). [OE. ge-seon.~\ 


Ympe, Impe, n. sapling, scion, 


YseyCjYseije. A^Se(n).andprec. 


xiv c 83, 89, 98. [OE. impa, 


Ysene, adj. visible, n 354. [OE. 


shoot, graft.] 


%e-sent.\ See Se(n). 


Ympe-tre, . orchard-tree, n 70, 


Ysode,//. boiled, XIII a 30. [OE. 


166, 186, 407, 456. [Prec.+ 
treo.~] 


seojtan, pp. ge-soden.~\ 
Yspent; Yspronge; Ytau}t. See 


Ynence, prep, towards, *iv b 22 


Spend(e); Springe; Teche(n% 


(MS. ynesche). [OE. onef(e}n, 


Ythes, n. pi. waves, vu 106. 


onemn + adv. -es.~\ 


[OE.J5M 


Ynoj: Ynouh, adj. enough, XII b 


Ytold. See Telle. 


123; Ynow}, xi b 190, 192; 


Ytui;t, pp. snatched, II 193. [Cf. 


YnowJ>3, XI b 149 ; Inogh, 


OK. twiccian.'} 


abundant, much, xv a 15 ; 


Yuel(e), adj. evil, wicked, ix 237 ; 


Innoghe, //. many, in abun- 


difficult, vni a 50 ; Euyll, evil, 


dance, v 55; Anou}, adv. II 62, 


ix 83. [OE. yfel, adj.] 


Enogh, xvil 532, Inoghe, VI 


Yuel, n. evil, wrong, vni i tit rod., 


252; Ynouh, xu b 74; Yno} 


a 220; Euel(l), IV a 76, IX 


(of], abundance (of), in 8 ; 


338, xv -28. [OE.^/,n.j 


Ynoh, very, xv e 13. [OE. 


Yvsed. See Vse. 


ge-nog, ge-noh,~\ See Ynow(e). 


Yweddede,//. (lawfully) married, 


Ynome. See Nyme. 


vill b 68. [OE. weddian, to 


Ynow(e), adj. enough ; as sb., 


betroth.] See \Vedmen. 


ix 160, 282, xiv d 13; Ynowe, 


Ywent; Ywerd. See Wende; 


Enow,//, in abundance, great 


Were, f. 2 


numbers, XI b 284, X 7 ; Ynow, 


Ywyte, pres. subj. pi. understand, 


adv. enough, XIII b 8; very, IX 


Hi introd. [OE. ge- + witan.\ 


4. [OE. ge-nog-, oblique forms 
Qige-noh.~\ See Ynoj. 


See Wite(n). 
Ywon, adj. accustomed, II 317. 


Yond, adj. ; as pron. that (over 


[OE. ge-wuna^ 


there), xvil 453. [OE. geond, 


Ywon, //. See Wynne(n). 


thither; cf. Goth./aiwrf.] 


Ywoned, pp. accustomed, ill 55, 


Yone, adj. that (over there), xvi 


XIII b 37. [OE. ge-wunian^\ 


340 ; Son, v 76. [OE. (once) 
geon, cf. Goth. ' jain-s. See 


Yworth, Aworthe, v. to be, go 
on as before, in late God yworth, 


N.E.D., s.v. Yon.} 


late POVJ G. avuortke, meddle not 


You(e), Yow. See 3e, pron. 


with God, it is God's affair, 


Ypocrisie, hypocrisy, xi b 12. 


vni a 76, 220. [OE. ge- 


[OFr. ipocrisie.] 


-veorj>an.~] See WorJ>e, v. 


Ypocritis, n. pi. hypocrites, xi b 


Y-yeue ; Y-yolde. See 3eue ; 


7, 44, 56, 72, &c. [OFr. 


3elde(n). 


ipocrite.'] 


Yzede ; Yze? ; Yzent. See Seie ; 


Yre, n. 1 iron, xin a 44 ; Yrne, v 


Y-se; Sende. 


199; Yrnes,//. irons (support- 
ing injured leg), vni a 130. 
[OE. irenJ] See Irnebandis. 


Zayde, ZayJ>, Zede, Zigge. See 

Sei(e). 


Yre, Ire, n. a anger, xvil 51 ; in 


Zelue, Zeluer, Zen, Zente, 


hor gret yre, so as greatly to 


Zome, Zuo. See Self, Seluer, 


anger them, vil 1 81. [OFr. ire.~\ 


Syn(e), Seade, Som(e), Swa, 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



For the personifications in vni, generic names (as Bayardf), 
and names of peoples (as Brytotms), see also the Glossary. 



Abell, Abel, xvi 306. 
Abirdene, Aberdeen, XIV a I. 
Abiron, Abiram, XVI 309. 
Adam(e\ Adam, V 348, xiv introd., 

xvi 37, 45, &c., xvn 30. 
Adrian, \llb 2 (note), 34, 56, 68, 

78, 208 ; Adrianes, gen. 219. 
Ajone, Azo, I 46, 105, no, 122. 
Aiax\ Oelius Aiax, Oileus Ajax, 

vn 155 (see 178 note). 
Alceone, Halcyone, xiia 3, 132; 

Akeoun, Xiiai95, 197 (note). 
Alisandre, King Alexander the 

Great, IX 166, 223, 232. 
Alysoun, Alison, xv^r 12, 40. 
Amazoine, Amazonia, land of the 

Amazons, ix 190, 206. 
Ambrose, St. Ambrose, XI b 126. 
Anaball, a dependent of Satan, 

xvi 113 (note). 
Antecrist, Antichrist, IX 210, 221 ; 

Anticristis, gen. XI b 55. 
Arabye, Arabia, ix 38 ; Fenyx of 

Arraby, VI 70 (note). 
Archedefdl, (corrupt, of) Ahitho- 

phel (Achitophel), xvi 308. 
Arestofitt, Aristotle, iv 18; Arys- 

totill, iv b 33. 

Armonye, Armenia, xvn 466. 
Arjiur, King Arthur, V 229; Ar- 

burcj, gen. V 34, 261 ; kynge) 

hous Arthor, V 207 (note). 
Astrotte, Ashtoreth (Astarte), xvi 

H3- 

Atthenes, Athens, vn 67. 
Auarre, Auxerre, *m 3 (MS. 

Aucerne). 
Aue, I 48, 50, 106, 126, 138, 209, 

216. 



Austyn, St. Augustine of Hippo, 
XI b 87, 94, 142 ; Saynt Anstyne, 
iv b 70. 

Austin ; Sauynt Austin, St. 
Augustine of Canterbury, III 
introd. ; Saynt Austines, St 
Augustine's (monastery), in 
introd. 

Bacharie, -ye, Bactria, IX 137, 

236. 
Banocbttrn, Bannockbnrn, XIV a 

heading; }e Bannokburn, xiva 

2. 
Baptist, St. John the Baptist, XI b 

28 ; Ion Baptist, XI b 24, 34 ; 

Iohan(nes) Baptista, xvi 73 ; 

Baptista, xvi 361. 
Bardits, XII b 20, 50, 63, 73, 80, 

87,94. 134. 155, 194; s ee xii b 

2 note. 

Barsabe, Bathsheba, v 351. 
Bathe, Bath, xin<z 51. 
Bele-Berit, Baal-Berith, XVI 115. 
Belliall, Belial, xvi 139; Belial 

xvi 115. 
Bclsabttb, Beelzebub, xvi 97, 109, 

137. 169, 198, 205, 345. 
Benvik, Berwick, xiva i, 35. 
Betannye, Bethania, XVI 162. 
Betkleem, Bethlehem, ix 25. 
Beuo, (in Latin) I 59 ; Beu(u)ne, 

I 55 (note) ; Beuolyne, diminu- 
tive fdr rime, I 62. 

Boece, Boethius, Introduction xxi. 
Boniface, Saint, St. Boniface of 

Ferentia, III 38 (note). 
Brytayn, Little Britain, Brittany, 

II 13; Bretaitte, n 597. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Brylayn, (Great) Britain, xni a i, 

Brig, Bruges, xiv a 22 (note); see 

Burghes. 
firunne wake, Bourn (in Kesteven, 

Lines.), I introd. Wake is the 

name of the family, part of 

whose estates lay about Bourn. 
Brunyng, Bruno, afterwards St. 

Leo IX, I 246 (note). 
Btikcestre, Seynt, sister of St. 

Magnus, I 35 (note). 
Burghes, Bruges, xiva 25; see 

Brig. 

Cayme, Cain, xvi 306. 

Calabre, Calabria ; see glossary. 

Calais, XIV b heading, 59, 91, 95 ; 
Calays, XIV b I (as adj.), 42, 53. 

Caldilhe, ! Korea, the land where 
the lamb-gourd grows, IX 138. 

Cam(e\ Ham, XVII 142, 528. 

Canlerberi, Canterbury, in introd. 

Caspye, Caspia, lands about the 
Caspian Sea, ix 161, 216; See 
of Caspye, Caspian Sea, IX 175, 
178. 

Cassandra, VI I 179. 

Cathay e, Cathay, China, ix 136 
(note). 

Calon, Dionysius Cato, traditional 
name of the author of Disticha 
de moribus ad filium ; gen. Ca- 
tones, vm a 309. 

Cedle, Seynt, St. Cecilia, Introduc- 
tion xxi. 

Cei'x, Ceyx, xn a 2. 

Ckaucer, XII introd. 

Cherdkol, ? Cheddar, xnia 14 
(note). 

Chestre, Chester, xni a 54. 

Chymerie, Cimmeria, land of fabu- 
lous Cimmerii who dwelt in 
perpetual darkness (form per- 
haps due to assoc. with OFr. 
chimere, chimaera), xn a 61. 

Cipre, lie of, Cyprus, ix 40. 

Clyron, alleged name of 'strait 
passage' leading out of land of 
the enclosed Jews, IX 205. 

Colbek, Kolbigk (in Anhalt, 
Saxony), I 32 (note). 

Colchestre, Colchester, XIV d 2. 



Cornehulle, Cornhill, vmi i 

(note). 
Cornelius, Cornelius Nepos, vil 

70 (note). 
Cornwal, lohan, a ' Master of 

Grammar', xm 28. 
Crab, lohne, a Flemish engineer, 

X no; Crabbis, gen. *x 15 
(Mss. Craggis, Crabys). 

Crist(e\ Christ, \\ a i, 39, &c.; 
Cryst(e\ \ 185, iv a 16, &c. ; 
Kryst(e), v 5*2, vr 98, 209; 
Cristes, gen. vm b 63 ; Cristis, 

XI b 7, 38, &c. ; Crystes, VI 23, 
villa 214; Crystys, I 83; bi 
Crist, &c., villa 22, 24, 280, 

<>93- 

Cnsis, alleged name of Ethiopia, 
ix 17 ; see Saba, and cf. Cush, 
Genesis x. 6-8. 

Dalyda, Delilah, v 350. 

Dares, Dares Phrygins, reputed 

author of the De Excidio Troiae, 

vn 60, 64. 

Datan, Dathan, xvi 309 (note). 
Dauid, David, xvi 127, 187, 369, 

373 ; Dauyth, v 350. 
Dawe, Daw (as typical peasant's 

name), vm a 325. 
Dedalion, Dsedalion, xn a 7. 
Dee, ]>e ryuer, the R. Dee, xni a 

54. 62. 
Dites, Dictys Cretensis, reputed 

author of the De Bella Troiano, 

vn 61 ; Dytes, vn 60. 
Donde, Dundee, xiv a 24. 

Edyght, Seynt, St. Edith of Wilton, 
i 240 (note), 245. 

Edward, King Edward the Con- 
fessor, i 27. 

Edward, King Edward III, XIV b 
heading, 36, 56 ; King Edward, 
xivfl 4 ; E.ftfntUt, xivc 58 ; 
Sir Edward, xiv a 9, 16, 04, 
44, 60, 62 ; J>e third Edwardes 
tyme, I introd. 

Edward, Prince, the Black Prince, 
XIV c 107 ; see also 59, 62. 

Emanuel, xv i 17. 

Emlak (for *Euilak~), Havilah 
IX 27 (note). 



INDEX OF NAMES 



England, England, xi a 29, 33 ; 
Engelond, xma 55, 58, b 20, 
33, 46, 48, 54, 63 ; Ingland, 
I 26, XIV b 84; Inglond, n 26. 

Erceldoun, Thomas of Ercelcloun, 
Introduction xxxiii. 

Ethiope, Ethiopia, IX j, 12, 16, 
21, 23 (note), 26. 

., Eve, xvi 45; Eue, xiv 
inlrod., xvi 357, xvil 30. 



/v^, Zfl<f, Dom Philip de 

Burton, prior of Sempringham 

(? 1 303- 1 33 2), I inlrod. 
Frounce, France, xni*48, xivr 

44, 46, 54 ; Fraunse, xi a 25 ; 

France, XIV b 32, 70. 



Cawayn, v 5, 58, 81, 88, 137, 146, 

171, l82, 192, 197, 2O2, 212, 

224, 231, 297; Sir Gawayn(e), 
v 50, 167, 328; Wowayn, v 
121 (note). 

Genesis, (personification of) the 
Book of Genesis, villa 228. 

Geretrude, Sent, St. Gertrude, 
xv * 7 (note). 

Gerlew, Gerlevus, I 40, 56 ; see 
Grysly. 

Germain, Saint, St. Germanus of 
Auxerre, in 3 (note); Germayn, 
in 6. 

Gydo, Guido de Columna, com- 
piler of the Historia Troiana, 
vn 54, 76. 

Gill, see glossary. 

Goth andMagoth, Gog and Magog, 
ix 163-4 (note). 

Gregori, Saint, St Gregory the 
Great (Pope 590-604), ill 38 
(note) ; Gregory, xi b 20 (note), 
94 ; Seynt Gregoryes, gen. xi b 

5 2 - 
Grese, Greece, vn 90 ; Grice, vn 

40. 

Gryngolet, Gawayn's horse, V 92. 
Grysly, error for Gerlew t I 65 

(note). 

jerk, York, XI a 34, XIII b 58, 
XIV d i. 



Hector, *v 34 (MS. Hestor). 

Ilely, Elias, xvi 87. 

Henri, Duk, Henry, first Duke of 

Lancaster, xiv c 65. 
Henry, J>e Emperoure, Henry II 

of Germany, I 172 (note), 218. 
Herodis, Dame, Eurydice, II 52 ; 

Dam(e) Heurodis, II 63, 322, 

406, 594. 
Hobbe, xiv d 6, see notes and 

glossary. 
Homer, vn 38. 

lacke, lak, see glossary. 

lame, Seynt, St. James ; bi Seynt 
lame, VIII a 57. 

laphet, Japheth, XVII 142, 528. 

lerom, Seynt, St. Jerome, xia 17. 

leromye, Jeremiah, XI b 29. 

lem, iv a 74, &c., vi 93, xiv b 30, 
xv/i, 7, xvi 349 ; lesns, x.vg 
19, xvi i, 121, &c. ; lent 
Crist(e\ &c., Jv 30, vi 98, 

XI a 23, &c. ; lesns Crist, XI b 

Ingland, &c., see England. 

Innocent, Pope, Innocent III, 
author of De Miseria Con- 
ditionis Humanae, Introduction 
xxi. 

lob, Job, XVI 285. 

Iohn(e), Ion, &c., see the accom- 
panying names. 

lohn: Sir lohn (oj France), son 
of Philip VI and afterwards 
King John of France, XIV b 32, 
70, 92. 

lohnes: Saint lohnes toune, 
Perth, xiv a 7 (note). 

lohon Schep, John Pastor ', pseu- 
donym of John Ball, xiv d i. 

Ion, St. John the Evangelist, vi 
23, xv i 5; tones Gospel, xi 
269. 

Ion f>e Amoner, St. John the Al- 
moner, in 16 (note). 

lordanne, flume, the R. Jordan, 
xvi 76. 

Irla(ii)nde, Ireland, xv</ i, 3, 7. 

Ithecus, Icelos (according to Ovid), 

XII a 118 (note). 

Indas, Judas Iscariot, XV g 2, 3, 
8, 12, 14, 27, xvi 147, 165, 308. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



futtas, St. Jude, Judas brother of 

James, in introd. 
luno, the goddess Juno, xn a 40, 

44, 102 ; King luno, as ancestor 

of Orpheo's mother, n 30 (note). 
lurselem, Jerusalem, xv c f 3, 17. 
htslinian, Justinian, xn 191 

(note). 

A'asi, Sent, xv i 1 1 (note). 
Kendale, Thomas of Kendal, 

Introduction xxxiii. 
Kent, in introd. 
Kesteuene, Kesteven, southern 

division of Lines., I introd, 
Kytte, via b 2 (note). 

La jar, Lazarus, XVI 162, 171. 

Leoun, le pope, St. Leo ix, I 249. 

Lethes, the rivere, the River Lethe 
(Oblivion), Xlla 85. Properly 
gen. sg. (Ovid, Metamorphoses, 
Bk. xi 603, rivus aquae Lethes). 

Londen(e), London, vm3 46; 
London, vm b 4. 

Lucifer, xvn 16 ; as dependent of 
Satan, xvi 119, 197. 

Luke, St. Luke, xv i 5. 

Lukes, Lucca, vm a 94 (note). 

Macedoyne, Macedonia, ix 41. 
Magdaleyne, St. Mary Magdalen, 

XI b 56; Magdeleyne, xi 59, 

68 ; Maudeleyne, Introduction 

xxi. 
Magne, Seynt, St. Magnus, I 34 

(note), 90 ; Seynt Magnes, gen. 

*37- 

Magoth, see Goth. 

Mahounde, Mahomet; as a de- 
pendent of Satan, xvi 343. 

Malton, Malton, Yorks., site of 
a house of the Gilbertine order, 
I introd. 

Marie, Mary, xvi 231, 250; 
Mary(e), VI 65, XV* 3; gen. 
VI 23 (note), also in Seynt e 
Marie prest, xiv d I (note) ; 
Mary- jet, X 163, 177. Mary 
(as oath), v 72, xvn 209, 220, 
226. 

Mark, St. Mark, xv i 5. 

Mathew, St. Matthew (in his 



Gospel), vi 137 (note), xvr 5 ; 

Matheus Gospel, XI a 3 5 ; Mat hew 

with mannes face, vm a 234 

(note). 
Maundevyll, lohn, ix 307 (see 

IX introd:). 
Medf, Media, land of the Medes, 

ix 30. 

Melane t Milan, in 4. 
Mtrswynde, I 42, 52 ; Merswyne, 

i 62 (see I 55 note) ; Mersrvyn- 

dam (accus., in Latin), I 60. 
Michel, Michael; Dan Michelh 

(gen.) of Northgate, in introd. 
Mighill, St. Michael the Arch- 

angel, xvi 339, 389. Forms 

with j, gh, &c., appear only to 

be used of the archangel. 
Mynerua, the goddess Minerva (or 

Athene), *vn 1 77 (MS. Mynera) ; 

taken as a male divinity, XI 1 1 a 

Moyses, Moses, xvi 85, 86. 
Moretane, Mauretania (modern 

Morocco and part of Algeria), 

ix 3. 
Morpheus, son of the God of 

Sleep, xn a 113, 131. 

Neptalym, Naphtali, xvi 51 (see 

49 note). 
NichollNedy, 'Nicholas Needy', 

allit. nickname used mockingly, 

xvn 405. 
Noe, Noah, xvn 65, 106, no, 

118, &c.; Hoy, xvil 532. 

Oelitts, see Aiax. 

Origenes, Origen, to whom was 
falsely attributed a De Maria 
Magdalena, Introduction xxi. 

Orphewe, Sir, Orpheus, II 24; 
(Sir) Orfeo, II 25, 97, 120, 182, 
SM. 379. 5i8, 524. 543, 55S, 
603 ; as name of a lay, 601 ; 
King Orfeo, n 175, 553, 576, 
593 ; Orpheo, n 33, 42. 

Ouyde, Ovid, vil 48. 

Panthasas, Phantasos (according 

to Ovid), xn a \ 23. 
Pectoun, the Peak of Derbyshire, 

XIII a 7 (note). 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Pencrych, Richard, xm b 29, 30. 

Pentexoire, Yle of, IX 26 1 (note). 

Peres, Piers (Peter), villa 106, 
180, 191, &c.; Pieres, villa 
35, 38, in, &c. ; Piers, villa 
9, 225; Pieres, gen. villa 72; 
Pieres ]>e plowman, vm a 147, 
152 ; /fefw ploujman, as type 
ol honest labourer, xiv d 5 (see 
14 note). 

Perkyn, diminutive of prec. (ap- 
plied to same character), VIII a 

25, 59. 99, I 2 I0 5J /%r*y* 
pe plouman, VIII a 3. 

/Vrj*f, Persia, IX 181. 

Peter, St. Peter, XI b 285, xv^ 29, 
33 ; bi Seynt Peter of Rome, 
villa 3 ; /fefc* /, xvil 367. 

Philip, Sir, Philip (de Valois) VI 
of France, xi v b 32 (note), 47, 
69, 93 ; Philip ]>e Valas, XIV b 

5 

Pilatus, Pilate, XV 18, 30. 
Pimbilmere, Lake Bala in Wales, 

xni a 63. 
Pluto, King, as ancestor of 

Orpheo's father, II 29 (note). 
Paul, St. Paul, XI b 80, 82 ; Saynt 

Poule, vi 97 ; bi Seynt Pottle, 

Vina 25, 270. 
Prestre I.ohn, Prester John, fabled 

Christian Emperor of the far 

East, IX 260 (note). 

Richard, le secunde Kyng, King 

Richard II, XHiiJ 32; Kyng 

Richarde, xiv<! 2. 
Roberd, Robert, surnamed Mann- 

yng, of Brunne, I introd. (q.v.). 
Robert ; Dan) Robert of Malton, 

I introd. 
Robert, priest of Colbek, i 45; 

Syre Robert, I 201. 
Robert Renne-about, 'Robert the 

Vagabond ', as type of itinerant 

preacher, vm a 142 (note). 
Rome, I 172, 232, 250, in 4, villa 

3, ix 285, xn b 3, 84, 189. 

Sab a, a city of Ethiopia, IX 23 ; 
cf. Cuds, and Psalm Ixxii. 10 ; 
Isaiah Ix. 6. 



Salomon, Solomon, V 349, xvi 
281 ; Salomon, xi 91 (note). 

Salesbury, Salisbury, xni a 10 ; 
Salisbury. XI 6 3, 183; Salis- 
bury vss(e), xi b 189, 196, 228, 
308. 

Samson, V 349. 

Satan, xvi 117, 199 ; Sattan, XVI 
1*5, !33. J45, &c. ; Sir Sat- 
tanne, XVI 169 ; Sathanas, gen. 
xi 6 311. 

Saturne, Saturn, villa 321 (note). 

Sem, Shem, xvil 142, 528; see 
320 note. 

Symeon, Simeon, XVI 60, 61. 

Symon, St. Simon (Zelotes), in 
introd. 

Symondes sone, son of Simon 
Magus, practiser of simony, 
VIII b 83. 

Sympryngham(e), Sempringham, 
Lines., I introd. 

Sythye, Scythia, IX 166. 

Sutille, Sizhill, Lines., I introd. 

Stafford, xvil 200 (note) ; see 
glossary, s.v. Slew. 

Steward, Sc/tir Valter the gude, 
Walter the Steward of Scotland, 
X 36 (note); Schir Valter 
Steward, x 1 70. 

Stonhenge, Stonehenge, XIII a 9. 

Strifiin, Stirling, XIV a 13. 



Telamon, Telamon (properly Tela- 

monius Ajax), VII 178 (note) ; 

Kyng Telamon, vii 150. 
Teodryght, Theodric, I 241. 
Tolous, Toulouse (for rime's sake 

substituted for Toul), I 246 

(note). 
Traciens (Thracians), Thrace ; 

identified with Winchester, n 

47' fo- 
Trocinie, 'Trachinia tellus', the 

land about the city of Trachis, 

XII a 2. 
Troy, VII 27, 63. 



Valas, Valois; see Philip. 
Valter, see Steward. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Vber, alleged local name of the I 
mountains of Caspia, IX 162. 

Vient, Sir lohn de, Jean de Vienne, | 
XIV* 82 (note). 

Virgille, Vergil, VII 49. 



Wake, see Brunne. 

Wales, XIII a 58, b ^. 

Wat Wynk, allit. nickname used 
mockingly, xvil 382. Wat is 
nn abbreviation of Walter. 

Wybessyne, I 42, 52. 

Williem, William; a typical 
man's name, xi 177. 

Wynbumey, Wimbome (in Dor- 
set), xia 050. 



Winchester, II 49, 478; 

chestre. XIII a 41. 
Wowayn, see Gawayn. 



Wyn- 



Ynde, India, vaguely applied to 
central, southern, and eastern 
Asia, IX 26, 27, 43, 49, 50, 97, 
157 (note), 260 (note): high 
Ynde, IX 27, 137; Ynde le 
/esse, IX 29; (Ynde) le more, 
IX 28 

I'm, Iris, messenger of Juno, 
XII 46, 51,98. 

Ysaias, Isaiah, XVI 50 ; Isaiah, 
*xvi 49 (MS Isaac). 

Zabulon, Zebulun, XVI 52 (see 49 
note). 



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