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Full text of "Milligan College Catalog, 2005-2006"


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catalog 2005-06 



Milligan College 




I 




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COURSE CODES 


ACCT 


Accounting 


ART 


Art 


BADM 


Business Administration 


BIBL 


Bible 


BIOL 


Biology 


CHEM 


Chemistry 


CIS 


Computer Information Systems 


CMIN 


Christian Ministry 


COMM 


Communications 


ECON 


Economics 


EDUC 


Education 


ENGL 


English 


FREN 


French 


GEOG 


Geography 


GERM 


German 


GREE 


Greek 


HEBR 


Hebrew 


HIST 


History 


HOUS 


House Course 


HPXS 


Human Performance & Exercise Science 


HUMN 


Humanities 


LATN 


Latin 


LS 


Legal Studies 


MATH 


Mathematics 


MUSC 


Music 


NURS 


Nursing 


OT 


Occupational Therapy 


PHIL 


Philosophy 


PHYS 


Physics 


PL&S 


Public Leadership & Service 


POLS 


Political Science 


PSYC 


Psychology 


RELG 


Religion 


SOCL 


Sociology 


SPAN 


Spanish 


THEA 


Theatre Arts 



catalog 2005-06 



Milligan College 



Academic excellence since 1866 



2 academic calendar 



Academic Calendar 



Contact Information 



Fall Semester 2005 

August 20 -Residence Halls Open to New Students 

August 20 Conference for Families of New Students 

August 20 (evening) .Matriculation of New Students 

August 20-23 New Student Orientation 

August 21 .Residence Halls Open to Returning Students 

August 22 (8 -30 am.) Faculty Worship Service 

August 22-25 "'Advising, Mentoring, and Registration 

August 24 Classes Begin 

October 6 - T Fall Break 

November 23, 24, 25 .Thanksgiving Holidays 

November 28* Classes resume at 4:00 pjn. 

December 9 -Last Day of Classes 

December 12-15 Final Esaminations 

December 16 Commencement 



Spring Semester 2006 

January Term 

lanuarv 2-7 Classes begin; classes end 

Spring Term 

lanuarv S .Residence Halls Open to New Students 

and Returning Students 

Januarv 9 .New Student Orientation 

January 9-10 *"Advising, Mentoring, and Registration 

Januarv 11 Classes Begin 

Januarv 1" .Martin Luther King Jr. Service Day 

March 6-10 Spring Break 

April 14-1" .Easter Break 

April 20 Awards Convocation 

April 28 -Last Day of Classes 

>Iay 1-4 Final Ex aminations 

May 7 .Baccalaureate and Commencement 

Summer Session 2006 

May 8-26 -May Term 

May 23 .Registration and Orientation 

May 30 -June 23 Eirst Term Classes 

June 26 - Juk" 21 Second Term Classes 

*CIasses mating once a oak on Monday and beginning no earlier than 4 p.m. 
**AH students must come to registration. 



About this Catalog 

This Catalog is published for the purpose of providing information about the 
College and its programs. Announcements contained herein are subject to 
change without notice and may not be regarded in the nature of binding obli- 
gations to the College. Milligan College reserves the right to change prices, 
curricula, policies, and practices as described in this Catalog as circumstances, 
efficiency of operations, and fiscal contingencies may require. 

Milligan College provides the opportunity for students to increase their 
knowledge by offering instruction in the various disciplines and programs 
through faculrv who, in the opinion of Milligan College, are trained and qual- 
ified for teaching at the college level. However, the acquisition of knowledge 
by any student is contingent upon the student's desire to learn and the stu- 
dent's application of appropriate study techniques to any course or program. 
As a result, Millig an College does not warrant or represent that any student 
who completes a course or program of studv will necessarilv acquire anv spe- 
cific knowledge, or skills, or will be able to pass or complete any specific 
examination for any course, degree, or license. 

Milligan College does not discriminate on the basis of race, sex, national or 
ethnic origin, age, or handicap. 



Office of Admissions 

Inquiries concerning admission to the college should be directed to: 

Contact Director of Admissions 

Address: P.O. Box 210, Milligan College, TN 37682 

Location: McMahan Student Center, lower level 

Phone: 423.461.8730 or 800.262.8337 

Fax: 423.461.8954 

Email: admissions@rnilligan.edu 

Web: www.milligan.edu 



Office of Student Financial Services 

Inquiries concerning financial aid or your student account should be directed to: 

Contact: Student Financial Services Office 

Address: P.O. Box 250, Milligan College, TN 37682 

Location: McCown Cottage, first floor 

Phone: 423.461.8949 or 800.447.4880 

Fax: 423.929.2368 

Email: SFS@milligan.edu 

Web: www.milligan.edu/SFS 



Office of the Registrar 



Inquiries concerning transcripts, academic records, enrollment verification and course offer- 
ings should be directed to: 
Contact Registrar 

Address: P.O. Box 52, Milligan College, TN 37682 

Location: Derthick Hall 103 

Phone: 423.461.8788 

Fax: 423.461.8716 

Email: shskidniore@rnilligan.edu 

Web: www.milligan.edu 



Office of Residence Life 

Inquiries concerning residence halls or available housing should be directed to: 

Contact Director of Student Life 

Address: P.O. Box 500, Milligan College, TN 37682 

Location: McMahan Student Center, first floor 

Phone: 423.461.8735 

Fax: 423.461.8982 

Email: DBooth@milligan.edu 

Web: www.milligan.edu 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



contents 3 



Contents 



Academic calendar inside front cover 

About this Catalog 2 

Contact information 2 

Profile 4 

Nature of the College 

Heritage 5 

Mission 6 

Goals 6 

Commitment to all People 7 

Accreditation and memberships 7 

Campus s 

Student Life and Services 

Activities and organizations 9 

Athletics 10 

Automobile 10 

Chapel/convocation 10 

Community 10 

Federal laws & acts 11 

Health Services 11 

Residence life 11 

Campus ministry 12 

Student guidelines 12 

Admission 

Undergraduate Admission 13 

Graduate Admission 14 

Financial Information 

Tuition and other basic charges 15 

Explanation of fees 16 

Financial registration policy 16 

Meal plan options 16 

Payment 16 

Refund policy 17 

Textbooks 18 

Financial Aid 

General requirements for Title rV aid 19 

Definition of terms 19 

MUligan College programs 19 

Scholarship guidelines 20 

Scholarship/grant policies 21 

State programs 22 

Tennessee Lottery Scholarship 22 

Federal programs 23 

Financial aid for graduate students 23 

Financial aid application process 23 

Financial aid calendar 23 

Student rights and responsibilities 24 

Veterans education benefits 24 



Academic Policies 

General policies 25 

Advisers and mentors 25 

Ceremony of matriculation 25 

Chapel and convocation 25 

Classification 25 

College calendar 25 

Correspondence credit 26 

Course repeat policy .- 26 

Grade reports 26 

Grading system 26 

Graduation requirements 26 

Honors 26 

Information Technology 26 

Learning disabilities 27 

Library services 28 

Probation and dismissal 28 

Testing services 28 

AP policy 29 

CLEP policy 29 

International Baccalaureate policy 30 

Transfer credit policy 30 

Transcripts 30 

Withdrawal 31 

Writing and Study Skills Center 31 

Academic Programs 

Baccalaureate degrees 32 

Graduate degrees 32 

General education requirements (GER) 33 

Computer literacy requirement 34 

Developmental studies 34 

Tutoring 34 

Co-operative programs 35 

Off-campus programs 35 

Majors and minors 37 

Majors and minors by area 38 

Accounting 39 

Art 40 

Bible 42 

Biology 45 

Business Administration 47 

Business: M.B.A 50 

Business: ADCP 54 

Chemistry 58 

Children's Ministry 60 

Christian Mnistry 61 

Coaching 62 

Communications 63 

Computer Information Systems 67 

Early Childhood Development 68 

Economics 69 

Education: licensure programs 70 

Education: M.Ed 77 

English 84 

Exercise Science 86 

Film Studies 86 

Fine Arts 87 

Fitness and Wellness 88 

French 89 

General Science ' . . .90 

Geography 90 

German 90 

Greek 91 



Health Care Administration 91 

Hebrew 91 

History 92 

Human Performance and Exercise Science 94 

Humanities 98 

Language Arts 99 

Legal Studies 100 

Mathematics 101 

Missions 103 

Music 104 

Nursing 109 

Occupational Therapy: M.S.O.T 113 

Philosophy 117 

Photography 117 

Physical Education 118 

Physical Science 118 

Physics 119 

Political Science 120 

Pre-Professional programs 121 

Psychology 121 

Public Leadership and Service 124 

Religion 126 

Sociology 126 

Spanish 129 

Theatre Arts 130 

Worship Leadership 131 

Worship Ministry 132 

Youth Ministry 132 

The Milligan Community 

Board of Trustees 133 

Board of Advisors 133 

Administration 134 

Regular ranked faculty 135 

Administrative faculty 136 

Adjunct faculty 137 

Faculty associates 138 

Scholarship Programs 
and Endowment Funds 

Endowed Chairs 138 

Foundational Endowments 138 

Named, Funded Scholarship Endowments ... .139 

Index 

Index 141 

Campus Map 

Campus Map 143 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



4 profile 



College Profile 

Milligan College 

Four-year private Christian liberal arts college integrating academic excellence 
with a Christian world view. Consistendv named one of ''America's Best 
Colleges" bv U.S. News & \\bdd Report. Milligan's mission is:^4* a Christian 
libera! arts college, Milligan College seeks to honor God by educating men and women to be 
servant-leaders. 

Academics 

Academic Program 

Milligan offers students a Christian liberal arts education in a community of 
inquiry, responsibilitv and caring. The liberal arts are taught from a perspec- 
tive of God's activity with humanity. The college's strong core curriculum 
educates students toward the world in an open and constructive wav, to lead 
and to serve 

Degrees Awarded 

More than 25 academic majors. Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, 
Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Business A dm inistration, Master 
of Education, Master of Science in Occupational Therapy. 

Accreditation 

Millig an College is accredited bv the Commission on Colleges of the 
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, 
Georgia 30033^1097; Telephone number 404-679-4501) to award bachelor's 
and master's degrees. Milligan's longstanding accreditation by SACS serves as 
a strong endorsement of the high qualitv of the college's programs and serv- 
ices. 

Faculty 

6~ full-time facultv have career-based experience and more than 70 percent 
have earned the highest degree in their field from graduate schools across the 
U.S. and abroad. Milligan's facultv and staff are unapologetically Christian. 
Thev are mature and caring Christian scholars who are committed to world- 
class scholarship, excellence in teaching, their Christian faith, and the faith 
development of their students. 

Student-Faculty Ratio 

A low student-faculty ratio offers personal attention and class sizes that typi- 
cally range from 10-15 students. 



Athletics 

Milligan is an athletic powerhouse in the Appalachian Athletic Conference 
(AAQ and National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics NALA. with 14 
intercollegiate sports. Since 1995, Milligan has won more than 16 conference 
tides and made 12 national tournament appearances. In 2003, the college won 
its first national championship in the women's 5000 meters at the NAIA 
Indoor Track and Field National Championships. The college maintains high 
standards for its athletes and has produced numerous All-Americans, All- 
Conferences, and Academic All- American players. Men's sports include base- 
ball basketball, cross countrv, golf, soccer, tennis, and track and field. 
Women's sports include basketball, cross country, soccer, Softball, tennis, 
track and field, and volleyball 



Spiritual Life 

Church Affiliation 

Throughout its historv ^Milligan College has maintained an active relationship 
to the Stone-Campbell movement of the 19th century (non-denominational 
Christian churches /churches of Christ) — a religious movement committed 
to the restoration of New Testament Chri s tianity and the unitv of all believ- 



Spiritual Life and Campus Ministry 

As a Christian communitv, Milligan offers a nurturing environment where 
students are strengthened and encouraged in their spiritual growth. Campos 
Ministry opportunities include weekly chapeL a convocation program, ves- 
pers, volunteer service and various Christian-based student organizations. 
Biblical truths are integrated into all classes. Students are active in many local 
churches. 

Calling 

Milligan's "Servant-Leader Experience" program is a comprehensive program 
encompassing the entire student experience. Through student life, spiritual 
life, and academic programs, the entire student experience at Millig an is 
designed to encourage students to reflect on how their faith is related to their 
career choices and what it means to be "called" to lives of service. 



Location and Facilities 



MrUigans 181-acre picturesque campus is located in scenic northeast 
Tennessee, minutes from Johnson City in the dynamic Tri-Cities region. An 
All-America Region, the Tri-Cities is listed as one of the top 25-50 metropoli- 
tan areas in the US. 



Student Life 

Student Body 

Milligan's 900 students come from more than 40 states and 1 nations. 



For more information about Milligan College, visit 
www.milligan.edu or call 800.262.8337. 



Residence Life 

of traditional students live on campus in one of six residence halls or 
student apartments, creating a true collegiate environment Each residence 
hall has a resident director (RD) and trained undergraduate resident assistants 
(RA) to help students with self-government, counseling and social and cultur- 
al programming. 

Clubs and Organizations 

More than 25 service, honorary and professional organizations encourage ser- 
vant leadership. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • vnww.milligan.edu 



nature of the college 5 



Nature of the College 

The Milligan College tradition is expressed in the motto "Christian 
Education — the Hope of the World." The curriculum includes a study of the 
Holy Scriptures as a requirement for the bachelor's degree. This requirement 
derives from the belief that God is revealed in His only begotten Son, Jesus, 
the Christ. This belief gives meaning to human life and is the only force of 
sufficient moral strength to create educational ideals of the highest order and 
to inspire the integrity to achieve them. 

Milligan College has been coeducational from the beginning of its history. 
This policy rests upon die conviction that the problems of the entire social 
order are better solved when men and women share alike in basic knowledge. 

It is a distinguishing characteristic of Milligan College that each course is 
taught with an awareness of how it fits into a biblical worldview. Such teach- 
ing is assured by the selection of a faculty in cordial sympathy with this view. 
A primary objective is to include Christian understanding and practice in the 
total of life's attitudes and activities. 

Throughout its history Milligan College has maintained an active relationship 
to a religious movement committed to the restoration of New Testament 
Christianity. The Christian people participating in this movement consistendy 
disclaim denominational status, and the faculty and trustees of the College 
maintain an intelligent awareness of a commitment to this position. The 
members of Milligan College feel that such a nondenominational position 
permits them to examine all aspects of life, secular and religious, in the light 
of the New Testament, unrestricted by human tradition. In this view of 
Christian faith, all vocations, avocations, and associations permitting the exer- 
cise of fellowship under the Lordship of Christ are expressions of good citi- 
zenship under God, in state, in church, and in society. In the Milligan College 
tradition students are confronted with a synthesis of learning. The College 
regards this synthesis of learning as essential to the understanding of and 
personal responsibility in the various relationships in life for the stewardship 
of which all must give account before God and humanity. 

It is a further significant characteristic that Milligan College believes this 
objective obtainable through the presentation of the data of Christianity in 
its original form, the New Testament. Accordingly, no denominational or 
creedal tests are imposed upon any student in admission to membership in 
Milligan College or in the attainment of any of its honors, awards, or degrees. 

The liberal arts are defined at Milligan College as those studies and disciplines 
through which the human spirit is freed and further endowed with moral 
power. The study of these arts is thus essential to the attainment and mainte- 
nance of a civilization of free people. Only those individuals who recognize 
the dignity and sanctity of human life can hold the concept of freedom. The 
possessor of that life, however, can enjoy the highest potential only through 
the disciplines of sound learning. This learning gives direction and meaning 
to life through time into eternity. A personality so equipped is the master of 
skills and facts, is never dominated by them, and uses them for the service of 
humanity and of God. 

Thus, the purpose of liberal education is the development of persons to 
whom may safely be entrusted the vast scientific and technical knowledge and 
skill developed by research. Such a program includes more than the pursuit of 
"secular" studies in a "Christian atmosphere." It contemplates the inter-pene- 
tration of the three great bodies of learning: the realm of nature, the realm 
of humanity, and the realm of divinity. The practical application of the 
resultant synthesis in both vocational and leisure activities characterizes the 
life of a truly educated person. 



Another characteristic of Milligan College is the sense of obligation assumed 
by the faculty. Applicants for admission to membership in Milligan College- 
are considered in the light of this searching question: "What can we do for 
this student?" Therefore, with regard to each applicant who possesses ade- 
quate secondary education and expresses an acceptance of the approach 
described above, the College addresses itself to this question: "Has Milligan 
College sufficient facilities and understanding to realize the end product envi- 
sioned?" 

Membership in Milligan College consists of those who sustain a relationship 
in one of the following categories: the Board of Trustees, the Board of 
Advisors, the Administration, the Faculty, the Staff, the Student Body, and the 
Alumni. This membership is a privilege conferred by the Institution and 
involves reciprocal responsibilities and concerns. The College at its discretion 
through established channels extends admission to membership in any one of 
the divisions. 

Admission to membership in Milligan College carries with it a pledge of 
responsibility by students that they will subject themselves to the rigorous 
discipline of the above program. Men and women who choose to decline this 
responsibility forfeit the privilege of membership in the College. 



Heritage 



In the 1830s, freedom-loving people introduced the Restoration principles 
into the religious life of East Tennessee. They established churches and 
schools. Milligan College owes its beginnings to the school conducted in the 
old Buffalo Church, which is now the Hopwood Memorial Church. 

On December 10, 1866, Wilson G. Barker established the Buffalo Male and 
Female Institute, a State of Tennessee chartered school. He constructed a 
building, and instruction began the next year. In 1875, Josephus Hopwood, 
a native of Kentucky, assumed the leadership of this academy. 

In 1881 Hopwood announced both the elevation of the Institute to collegiate 
rank and the new name, Milligan College. He chose this name to honor 
Professor Robert Milligan of Kentucky University (Transylvania). President 
Hopwood regarded Milligan as the embodiment of Christian scholarship and 
Christian gentility. 

President Hopwood sought to establish a four-fold program in the College. 
He looked to the physical sciences as the source of the conquest of the 
earth. He regarded history, philosophy, and the social studies as the source of 
human self-knowledge and self-government. He thought of professional and 
vocational education as a means of sustaining a free social order and of 
reducing scientific knowledge to the service of humanity in material civiliza- 
tion. He accepted a knowledge of revelation and the possession of Christian 
faith as the necessary controls through which one could establish and main- 
tain a culture in blending the first three. To this end he adopted the motto, 
"Christian Education-the Hope of the World." 

President Hopwood continued in the presidency until 1 903 when he left 
Milligan to found a college in Lynchburg, Virginia. From 1903 to 1915, 
Milligan had six presidents. In 1915 Dr. Hopwood, who had completed the 
founding of the colleges in Virginia and Georgia since leaving Milligan in 
1903, returned for a two-year interim presidency. 

In 1917 Henry J. Derthick was inaugurated as the eighth president of 
Milligan. During this period Milligan College served many young people from 
the Southern Highlands. The campus was expanded to some sixty acres, and 
the facilities of the College were increased. The Administration Building, now 
called Derthick Hall, was rebuilt after a fire. Dr. Derthick succeeded in bring- 
ing the College through the period of World War I and the Great 
Depression, preserving the academic integrity and quality of the College. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



6 nature of the college 



Dean Charles E. Burns succeeded to the presidency in 1940, just prior to 
the American entrance into the Second World War. In the crisis of that peri- 
od, MiHigan offered its entire radliries to die United States Government. 
From ]urr of 1943 to the spring of 1945 a Navy V-12 program -was conduct- 
ed. MJJligan was the onfr college in the United States given over completely to 
r. Naw program. 

Ih e dvilian work of the College was resumed under the presidency of Virgil 
Elliott in 1945. Two major problems confronted the College at this rime The 
breaking of ties with alumni and friends d uring the Second World War proved 
to be a serious handicap. No less difficult was the task of assisting a large 
number of ex-GIs to effect a transition from military to civilian life. 

Dr. Dean E. Walker came to the presidency in January 1950 from a iwenty- 
five vear professorship at the Butler University School of Religion. 
Recognizing the need of the small college to plav an increasingly large part in 
the educational program of the country the College adopted a long-range 
development program. Students were enlisted from a larger area, encompass- 
ing most of me States and several foreign countries. During Dr. Walker's 
administration the campus was expanded to more man 135 acres of land. 
New buildings included the Student Union Building, Sutton Hall, Webb Hall, 
(he RH. ^els:-_mer Memorial Library me Seeder Memorial Chapel, and Hart 
Hall. 

On November 1, 1960 Milligan received the Qualitv Improvement Award 
administered bv the Association of American Colleges for the United States 
Steel Foundation. On December 1, 1960, Milligan College was admitted into 
membership in the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. 

In Jane 1968. Dr. Jess W. Johnson, having served in the capacity of 
Executive Vice-President for two years, was elevated to the presidencv of the 
College on the retirement of President Dean E. Walker. The rumpus contin- 
ued to develop under Dr. Johnson's leadership. The College constructed the 
following buildings: The Facultv Office Building (1969), the Science Building 
: ; "1. and rireirevel^crEddhorise 1976). 

On January 1, 1982, Marshall J. Leggett, the first alumnus to be chosen for 
me position, becarr.r the d rrrteenth president of the College During his 
tenure, the Colierr : ffered its fir;: toaster's decree, the Master of Education. 
The College constructed the McMahan Student Cer.:;r 1 r~ and renovated 
die :ld student union building as Paxson Communication Center. The College 
renovated the upper level of Hardin Hall to house the Arnold Nursing 
Science Center. Quiflen, Kegley and Williams Halls were built. D uring Dr. 
Leggett's tenure, enrollment increased 31° o. Dr. Leggett retired on June 30, 
199 - , and became Chancellor. 

Donald R. Jeanes. a Milligan alumnus, became the fourteenth president on 
July 1, 1997. Under his leadership, the College has continued its momentum. 
The master's program in occupational therapv enrolled its first class in August 
1998. To accommodate this program addition, the lower level of Hardin Hall 
was renovated as the McGlofhlin-Street Occupational Therapv Center 
. - : Dcupaac aal Therapv Program received professional accreditation in 
2000. The College renovated Derthick Hall and the Baker Facultv Office 
Building, The historic Alf Taylor house was renovated in 2003 and renamed 
the Tayor 'Phillips House; it is used as a campus guest house and reception 
center. The Nursing Program received professional accreditation in 20C 3 ; in 
February d. .-. zs.t Z -~:t begin its ±:rz master's decree program, the 

c or Business Administration The college acquired additional acreage 
rent to the campus in 2004, increasing its size to approximately 181 acres. 
The W. T. Mathes Tennis Complex was dedicated in 2005. 



Mission 

As a Christian liberal arts college, Milligan College seeks to 
honor God by educating men and women to be servant-leaders. 

Milligan College offers programs of studv leading to undergraduate or gradu- 
ate degrees. These programs have as their objectives the following: 

A Positive, Personal Christian Faith That Jesus is Lord and Savior 

The expression "Jesus is Lord and Savior" is to be understood in its his- 
torical, biblical significance Jesus, the Man of Nazareth, is God's Son, 
therefore, both Savior and Lord of Life The attainment of positive, 
personal Christian faith means the commitment of one's life to this 
Jesus. 

A Cornmitment to Follow the Teachings of the Christian Scripture in 

One's Personal and Social Ethics 

This commitment involves a recognition of the norms of human con- 
duct that derive their sanction from the Christian faith. 

The Capacity to Recognize and Assume Responsibility in Society 

The main functions of education are to arouse within the individual an 
awareness of indebtedness to one's fellow hu ma n beings, to foster in 
each a desire to assume personal responsibility, and to prepare the indi- 
vidual to fulfill his or her obligation to society. 

The Knowledge, Mea ning , and Application of Sound Scholarship 

The student is led to develop a respect and enthusiasm for sound schol- 
arship and to seek it with diligence and perseverance. 

Preparation for Securing an Enriched Quality of Life for Self and 
Family 

Courses of studv and campus lite are designed to develop the qualitv of 
aesthetic appreciation, to provide a background in the liberal arts, and to 
lead to the selection of a field of interest which will provide opportuni- 
ties for a fulfilling life- 
Participation in the Activities of a Healthy Lifestyle 

This may be accomplished through intramural and intercollegiate sports, 
residence hall living, campus fellowship, and other student activities. 

Goals 

In endeavoring to achieve its Mission, Milligan College sets forth the follow- 
ing goals: 

■ Students will express the importance of their faith and the impact of 
Christian Scriptures in activities such as the following: written and oral 
discussions, participation in communities of faith, involvement in Bible 
studies, and faith-inspired service. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agencies; mentoring, nurturing, and protecting others; and 
displacing increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 
tures. 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analvticaUv and critically to communicate dearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major fields of study. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



nature of the college 7 



Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical and theatrical groups, student 
clubs, student government, and other campus-sponsored extracurricular 
endeavors, in preparation for life-long participation in similar activities. 

Students, faculty, staff, and administration will create a responsible and 
caring community by giving attention to the needs and concerns of one 
another. 



Tennessee Association of Independent Liberal Arts Colleges of Teacher 

Education 
Tennessee Conference of Graduate Schools 
Tennessee Council of Private Colleges 
Tennessee Deans and Directors of Nursing Programs (sponsored by the 

Tennessee Board of Nursing) 
Tennessee Foundation for Independent Colleges 
Tennessee Independent Colleges Fund 



Commitment to All People 

As members of the Milligan College community and in faithfulness to the 
teaching of Scripture, we commit ourselves to honoring and broadening the 
diversity of our community and to treating every person with respect, dignity, 
and love. By reflecting the diversity of God's kingdom, the College bears wit- 
ness to that kingdom and equips students to serve in a diverse and interde- 
pendent world. 



Accreditation and Memberships 

SACS: Milligan College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the 
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, 
Georgia 30033-4097; 404-679-4501) to award bachelor's and master's degrees. 

NCATE: The education program at Milligan is accredited by the National 
Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)(2010 
Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-466-7496). This 
accreditation program covers initial teacher and advanced educator prepara- 
tion programs. 

ACOTE: The occupational therapy program at Milligan College is accredited 
by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE), 
a division of The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) 
(4720 Montgomery Lane, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220; 800- 
652-AOTA). 

CCNE: The nursing program at Milligan College is accredited by the 
Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE)(One Dupont Circle, 
NW Suite 530, Washington, DC 20036-1120, 202-887-6791). This accredita- 
tion covers the baccalaureate degree program. 

The College holds membership in the following professional organizations: 

American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education 

American Association of Independent Liberal Arts Colleges of Teacher 

Education 
Appalachian Athletic Conference 
Appalachian College Association 
Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education 
Council for Christian Colleges and Universities 
College Placement Council 

Council for Advancement and Support of Education 
Council of Independent Colleges 

National Association of College and University Business Offices 
National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities 
National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics 
Tennessee Association of Colleges of Teacher Education 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



8 campus 



Campus 



Milligan College occupies a campus of more than 181 acres, rising eastward 
from the banks of Buffalo Creek. Richly endowed by nature and enhanced by 
skillful landscaping, the grounds possess unusual beauty. 

Anglin Field, with its baseball diamond and Softball and soccer fields, lies 
along the banks of Buffalo Creek. This attractive field is important in the 
actfrities of intercollegiate and intramural sports. 

Derthick HalL formerly the Administration Building, occupies the site on 
which the original brick building of the College was erected in 1867. After a 
partial renovation in 1978, the building was named in honor of Dr. and Mrs. 
H. T- Derthick. As part of the Central Campus Project initiated in May 2001, 
Derthick Hall underwent a comprehensive renovation. 

Hardin Hall was built in 1913, honoring Mr. and Mrs. George W Hardin. 
This building houses both the nursing and the occupational therapy programs 
including faculty offices, laboratories, reading and conference rooms, the 
health clinic, and general classrooms. The Beatrice J. 'Jerry" Wilson Lecture 
Hall is named in honor of the wife of Edgar C. Wilson. In the Price 
Complex, named in honor of Dr. Eugene P. Price, are located the offices for 
the business faculty. The McGlothlin-Street Center for Occupational Therapy 
houses the College's master's degree program in occupational therapy. 

Mary Hardin McCown Cottage is the building that houses the director of 
financial aid and the vice president for business and finance. 

P.H. Welshimer Memorial Library is a three-story building that was first 
occupied in November 1961 and is the gift of the TW Phillips, Jr. Charitable 
Trust and the Phillips family of Buder, Pennsylvania, after an initial gift by the 
Kresge Foundation of Detroit, Michigan. The office of the President is locat- 
ed on the second floor. This building also contains a computer lab, the offices 
of the information technology staff, and the law library. 

Seeger Memorial Chapel was dedicated November 4, 1967. The Chapel is a 
multi-purpose structure serving the College in worship, instruction, lectures, 
concerts, and drama. The main sanctuary- auditorium seats 1,300. The George 
O. Walker Auditorium, located on the lower level of the Chapel, accommo- 
dates 350 and is named in honor of George O. Walker, a long-time trustee 
and friend of the College. The Chapel was made possible through major gifts 
by Mr. Ura Seeger, West Lebanon, Indiana, and Mr. and Mrs. B.D. Phillips, 
Buder, Pennsylvania. The Wilson G. Barker Commons surrounds Seeger 
Chapel. 



Hart HalL an air-conditioned residence hall for 1 88 women, was completed 
in September 1965. In May of 1968 it was named in honor of Dr. and Mrs. 
John M. Hart. 

Renovated in 2000-2001, the Baker Faculty Office Center houses most of 
the faculty on campus. It is named for Albert and Rhea Baker, friends of 
Milligan College and strong supporters of Christian education. Adjacent to it, 
the Paul Clark Education Center houses Milligan's undergraduate and gradu- 
ate programs in teacher education. It is named for Dr. Paul Clark, a longtime 
professor of teacher education at the College. 

Litde Hartland HalL a gift of Mr. and Mrs. John M. Hart, was completed in 
1976 and serves as the official residence for the President of the College. 

Steve Lacy Fieldhouse was funded by gifts from the B.D. Phillips Memorial 
Trust and the Kresge Foundation. Lacy contains a regulation basketball court, 
a 25-meter swimming pool, classrooms, and other facilities designed to 
accommodate Milhgan's philosophy of lifetime sports. Operation of this facil- 
ity began in 1976. 

McMahan Student Center, built in 1 987, was a gift of Grace Hart 
McMahan in memory of her husband, John E. McMahan. It provides a focal 
point of campus fellowship and includes a snack bar, recreation room, 
lounge, study carrels, TV room, bookstore, career resource center, Student 
Government Association conference room, and office for campus activities. 
On the lower level of the Student Center are the offices of the vice president 
for student development and the vice president for enrollment management. 

Lowell W. Paxson Communications Center contains classrooms, editing 
rooms, a darkroom, and well-equipped studios for both radio and TV produc- 
tions. The center was made possible through a gift from Lowell W Paxson. 

The three newest residence halls on campus each have six suites consisting of 
four single rooms, a living room area, and bathroom. Williams Hall is named 
in honor of Milligan College alumnus and federal judge, Glen M. Williams. 
Quillen Hall recognizes the late Congressman James H. Quillen. Kegley 
Hall honors the late J. Henry Kegley, a local businessman and Milligan 
College graduate. 



The Science Building was first occupied in 1972. The building has five 24- 
station laboratories, two classtooms, a 250-seat lecture hall, and several spe- 
cial-purpose rooms. The Charles Gee Gross Anatomy Lab, associated with 
the occupational therapy program, is named in honor of Dr. Gee by alumni 
and friends of the College. 

Sutton Memorial Hall stands on the high campus toward the east. The resi- 
dence floors have thirty suites for women. The hall contains a large social 
room, the Joe and Lora McCormick Dining Center which seats about 400, the 
kitchen, and storage rooms. The hall bears the name of Webb and Nanye 
Bishop Sutton, whose vision and generosity made the construction possible. 
It was dedicated in 1956. 

Webb Memorial HalL, a gift of Mrs. Nanye Bishop Sutton, was completed 
and occupied in January 1960. It provides accommodations for 172 men. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



student life and services 9 



Student Life 
and Services 

For more complete information about student services available at Milligan 
College as well as the guidelines in disciplinary matters, see the Student 
Handbook available in the Office of the Vice President for Student 
Development. 

Activities and Organizations 

All social activities must first be approved by the Student Development 
Office and then entered on the College Master Calendar. The College seeks 
to encourage the development of an active and meaningful social life for all 
students. 

Fine Arts 

The fine arts program at Milligan College enriches campus life through the 
exhibition of painting, sculpture, and photography. Numerous exhibitions of 
guest artists as well as student exhibitions displaying recent art and photogra- 
phy work take place each year in the Milligan College Art Gallery on cam- 
pus. Milligan College drama, which involves a large portion of the student 
body, has frequently received critical acclaim. The Festival of One Act 
Plays and Short Films and performances in the SUB 7 coffee house serve 
as other campus venues for displays and performances of the fine arts. 

Music 

There are two choral ensembles at Milligan College. The Concert Choir, a 
choir of both men and women, tours annually throughout the United States, 
appearing at churches, high schools and conventions. Milligan Gospel Choir 
is a mixed chorus singing various styles of gospel music, with concerts both 
on and off campus. 

Seven instrumental ensembles are available at Milligan College. Students have 
the opportunity to perform in Brass Choir, Orchestra, Civic Band (per- 
forming with the Johnson City Community Concert Band), Jazz Ensemble, 
Johnson City Symphony Orchestra, String Quartet, and Pep Band. Most 
instrumental ensembles perform both on and off campus. 

Heritage, a small a cappella ensemble, is an auditioned group of four to eight 
men and women performing on and off campus for churches and service 
clubs. Participation in Heritage earns college credit and scholarship assistance 
for its members. 

Publications and Media 

Students interested in journalism or creative writing may find an opportunity 
for self-expression through the medium of several publications of the 
College: the College newspaper, The Stampede; the College yearbook, The 
Buffalo, which presents a pictorial history of the year's activities; and the 
College literary magazine, Phoenix, which accepts original work from students 
and faculty. Students interested in broadcasting may join the staff of WUMC 
90.5 FM (campus radio station). 

All Milligan College printed communication with an external audience (off- 
campus) must be submitted to the Public Relations Office for approval. 

All printed communication (e.g. brochures, flyers) and all uses of the Milligan 
College logo must follow the guidelines in the "Publication Policy, Identity 
Standards and Style Guide" document available from the Public Relations 
Office. These guidelines also apply for all events held on Milligan's campus, 
even if not officially sponsored by the College. It is the responsibility of the 
Milligan College contact to make the parties aware of these policies. 



Representative Organizations 

Operating under a constitution approved by the administration of the 
College, the Student Government Association serves as the official repre- 
sentative voice of Milligan College students and promotes academic, social, 
and religious activities for the campus community. 

The Student Government Association (SGA) consists of the following 
elected members: president, vice president, secretary, treasurer, the president 
of each class, four other representatives from each class (two females and 
two males). In addition to the elected positions, SGA seeks representation for 
commuters, married students, residence halls, and international students. The 
composition of these other representatives changes annually depending on 
the needs of the student body. 

The residence hall councils are organizations responsible for community life 
in the residence halls. 

Student Organizations: 
Professional, Social, and Recreational 

All professional and social organizations of Milligan College are designed to 
aid the students in fulfilling themselves and reaching their full potential reli- 
giously, academically, socially, and creatively. The following organizations were 
originated by students and have received the sanction of the College. 
Additional professional or social organizations may be added to this list upon 
the initiative of several students who present a charter to the College, select a 
faculty adviser, and demonstrate that the proposed organization is in keeping 
with the purposes and philosophy of Milligan College. 

AJpha Chi is a collegiate national honor society. The association is open to 
juniors and seniors in the top 10% of their class with a grade point average 
of at least 3.5. 

Alpha Psi Omega, the national theatre honorary society, is active on campus 
with membership based on a point system whereby points are earned by par- 
ticipating in the many facets of theatre work on campus. Popular current 
projects include sponsoring the yearly Festival of One Act Plays and a tour- 
ing production that travels to area public schools. 

Beacon is a student-led organization that seeks to help the community 
through several service projects including building porches, painting houses, 
and visiting people. 

The Broadcast Club is made up of students who seek creative ways to uti- 
lize the communications media on campus (including Milligan's radio station 
and cable rv channel). 

Buffalo Ramblers is an informal association of those members of the 
Milligan College family who enjoy exploring on foot the scenic gorges, peaks, 
caves, and waterfalls surrounding the College. 

The Campus Ministry Team is a committee of the SGA that works in con- 
junction with the campus minister. Any student may be involved with the 
group and help in the development of campus events for faith development. 
Some of these events may include Vespers service, small groups, prayer vigils, 
retreats, and spiritual renewal week. 

Chess Club is an organization that seeks to teach, learn, and build relation- 
ships through chess. 

Christian Pre-law Association provides a means for students interested in 
law school or various careers within the legal field to gain an understanding 
of what will be expected of them after college. In addition, the dub explores 
possible methods of integrating a Christian perspective in the legal field. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



10 student life and services 



College Republicans is an organization made up of students interested in 
local, state, and national politics. 

Fellowship of Christian Athletes is open to all who participate in Milligan 
sports or inrramurals. The purpose is to encourage Christian character among 
those who participate in athletics. 

Four Fried Chickens and a Coke is a club that encourages fellowship on 
campus through trips to various restaurants within the community. 

The Campus Girl Scouts Club seeks to provide service through volunteer- 
ing in the local community: 

Habitat for Humanity introduces students to the organisation and allows 
them to serve the community as they build a better future. 

Human Performance and Exercise Science Club seeks to foster a greater 
:r.:cre?: ir. r.cili- ir.iv,-cllr-£i; r :r: V ; .r : ~ rr.urir _ri :: ::—. ur_rr 
among those interested in HPXS. 

Milligan College Cyc ling Club exists to promote fun and fellowship 
through bike riding and other outdoor activities. 

Missions Club provides the opportunity for students to come together in 
fellowship and to pray for missions efforts around the world. 

Music Educators National Conference has a student chapter on the cam- 
pus. Its purpose is to afford students the opportunity for professional musical 
orientation and development. These students also sponsor receptions after 
some concerts and serve as ushers for these events. 

Omaxm Pa is a national honor society for non-traditional students. The asso- 
ciation is open to juniors and seniors at least 24 years of age, with a grade 
point average of at least 3.0. 

PU Alpha The/a is an honorary history society with more than 270,000 mem- 
bers in over 850 chapters in colleges and universities across the United States. 
Phi Alpha Theta's mission is to promote the study of history through the 
encouragement of research, good teaching, publication, and exchange of 
learning and ideas among historians. Millig an history students established the 
Alpha Iota Tau chapter of Phi Alpha Theta during the Spring 2001 semester. 

Photography dub increases awareness of the Milligan College photography 
program and incorporates the community through Christian service in the 
arts. 

Political Awareness Group strives to raise the level of political conscious- 
ness on the campus of Milligan College. 

Pre-Med Seminar offers lectures by guest speakers and fellowship with other 
pre-med majors. 

Rotaract Club provides an opportunity for students id grow in their leader- 
ship skills and to promote better relations among all people worldwide 
through a framework of friendship and service- 
Service Seekers is an organization open to all students interested in serving 
throughout the area. Activities include volunteering and leading worship at a 
local retirement communitv. 

Signa Tau DeJta is a national English honot society that promotes interest in 
literature and the English language. 

Social Affairs is a committee of SGA Students are invited to get involved in 
this group and help plan events such as movie nights, Fall Formal, and 
VConderful Wednesday. 



Student Nursing Association brings together both traditional and non-tra- 
ditional aged nursing students. 

SUB 7 is an organization that sponsors two coffeehouse style performances 
each month. Those participating with SUB 7 book the acts, set up the sound 
equipment, and make the coffee for each performance. All students are invit- 
ed to attend. 

Vespers is an informal time for student-led worship in which all students are 
invited to participate. The program is varied, incorporating singing, sharing, 
speaking, and special programs. Vespers is an important part of spiritual life 
at Milligan College. This weekly event is held in lower Seeger. 



Athletics 

Millig an College encourages participation in intercollegiate athletics. A limited 
number of grants-in-aid will be awarded each year on a merit basis. 

Muligan College is represented in intercollegiate athletics in basketball, base- 
ball, tennis, Softball, volleyball, golf, cross-country, track and soccer. Milligan 
College is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate 
Athletics (NAIA) and the Appalachian Athletic Conference (AAC). 
There is also the opportunity to participate in the athletics program as a 
member of the varsity cheerleaders. 

The int ramural program of athletics is designed to encourage participarion by 
all students in some sport. A choice of activities is offered including basket- 
ball, flag-football, volleyball, and softbalL In addition, there are several individ- 
ual recreational opportunities offered such as hiking, skiing, and scuba diving. 

Automobile 

The privilege of using an automobile is granted to all students. The College 
will not be responsible for any personal or public liabifo" growing out of the 
student's use or possession of the car on or off campus. Each student vehicle 
driven on campus must be registered with the Student Development Office 
and have a parking sticker displayed in the rear window or it is subject to 
removal from campus at the owner's expense. 

Students who repeatedly violate the vehicular regulations may lose the privi- 
lege of having a vehicle on campus. 

Rules governing student use of motor vehicles are determined and adminis- . 
teted by the Student Development Office and the traffic court 



Chapel/convocation 



Attendance at the chapel/ convocation services is required of all full-time day 
_::.-_:- _-. •- . - . -crr.cstjen f satisfactory chapel c -:, cati - 
attendance are required for students completing all baccalaureate course work 
at Milligan College. Students who do not attend the required number of serv- 
ices may not be eligible to return to Milligan College for the following semes- 
ter. 



Community 

The visitor to the Milligan College campus invariably notices the friendliness 
and spirit which characterize the entire Milligan College circle, faculty and stu- 
dents alike. Each student has an adviser. This experienced faculty member is 
concerned that the student not onlv excels academically but also benefits 
from the opportunities afforded by a s mall college environment. 
Provision for a well-rounded social life receives special attention. Student 
committees plan recreational and social activities. Initiative in student partici- 
pation is encouraged. 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



student life and services 11 



The cultivation of high ideals and good habits, together with their expression 
in social poise and consideration for others, is a major concern. Individual 
counsel and other friendly help are always available to each student. We speak 
of "membership" in Milligan College rather than "attending" Milligan. 

Federal Laws and Acts 

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, as amended, is a federal 
law which states (a) that a written institutional policy must be established and 
(b) that a statement of adopted procedures governing the privacy rights of 
students be made available. The laws provide that the institution will maintain 
the confidentiality of student education records. 

Milligan College accords all the rights under the law to students who are 
declared independent. No one outside the institution shall have access to nor 
will the institution disclose any information from students' education records 
without the written consent of students except to personnel within the insti- 
tution, to officials of other institutions in which students seek to enroll, to 
persons or organizations providing students financial aid, to accrediting agen- 
cies carrying out their accreditation function, to persons in compliance with a 
judicial order, and to persons in an emergency in order to protect the health 
or safety of students or others. 

Within the Milligan College community only those members, individually or 
collectively, acting in the students' educational interest are allowed access to 
student education records. 

At its discretion, the institution may provide directory information in accor- 
dance with the provisions of the Act to include: student name, address, tele- 
phone number, e-mail address, date and place of birth, major field of study, 
dates of attendance, degrees, honors, and awards received, the most recent 
previous educational agency or instirution attended by the student, participa- 
tion in officially recognized activities and sports, grade level, enrollment sta- 
tus, and weight and height of members of athletic teams. Students may with- 
hold directory information by notifying the Registrar's Office in writing with- 
in two weeks after the first day of class for the fall and spring terms. The 
institution honors requests for non-disclosure for only one semester; there- 
fore, authorization to withhold directory information must be filed each 
semester in the Office of the Registrar. 

Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act 

Information relative to the Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act (Public 
Law 101-542) is available in the Office of the Vice President for Student 
Development. This information includes campus crime statistics and gradua- 
tion rates by athletic participation, gender, and ethnicity. 

In accordance with the Tennessee College and University Security Information Act of 
1989, Milligan College has prepared a report containing campus security poli- 
cies and procedures, data on campus crimes, and other related information. A 
free copy of this report may be obtained by any student, employee, or appli- 
cant for admission or employment from the Office of Student Development, 
Milligan College, Milligan College, Tennessee 37682. 



Health Services 

Milligan College takes every reasonable precaution to prevent accidents and 
illness. The services of a nurse are provided in a clinic on the campus to care 
for minor ailments and any emergency. Students are expected to report at 
once to the college nurse any accident or illness. When necessary, referral is 
made to local physicians. 

All students are required to maintain health insurance coverage on themselves 
at their own expense. In most cases this can be done through their family or 



job. However, the college does provide information on health insurance cov- 
erage that can be purchased individually. This information can be obtained 
through the Student Development office or from the campus nurse. 

The College cannot assume financial liability for off-campus physician and 
hospital services. Most families are protected today for medical and hospital 
claims through special insurance programs. Premium payment is the responsi- 
bility of the individual student. All students participating in intercollegiate 
athletics are required to show coverage in an accident and hospitalization pro- 
gram. 

Mental and social health is also a concern of the College. Counselors are 
available for some counseling in these areas. In addition the services of area 
mental health facilities can be utilized. However, the College is not equipped 
to provide long-term, in-depth psychotherapy or psychiatric care. 



Residence Life 

Since many campus activities are centered within the residence halls, the 
College encourages all students to take advantage of this valuable experience; 
therefore, Milligan College is primarily a residential college. All students living 
off-campus must receive prior approval from the Student Development 
Office. Maintenance or use of any separate quarters without prior approval 
from the Student Development Office subjects the student to 
suspension/dismissal. 

The director in each hall helps create an atmosphere, which is most con- 
ducive to the best community life. The residence hall director is assisted by 
resident assistants who are part of the staff of the vice president for student 
development. 

Residence hall rooms are equipped with all necessary furniture. Students are 
required to leave all school-provided furniture in their assigned rooms. 
Students supply blankets, pillows, bedspreads, curtains, rugs, study lamps, and 
accessories. 

The College reserves the right to inspect residence hall rooms at all times and 
may, if necessary, conduct a search at the direction of the vice president for 
student development. The rooms are subject to spot checks by the residence 
hall director who is required to approve the use and condition of each room. 

Damage to the room or its furnishing will be assessed to the occupants of 
the room who accept responsibility for its use and condition. Damage to 
common areas will be assessed to all residents of that hall. 

All residence halls and the dining hall are closed during college vacations. 
Students will not be permitted to stay on campus during these periods with- 
out permission from the Student Development Office. 

Any student without a roommate will be charged the private room rate unless 
no roommate is available. 

Telephone, cable and Internet service is available in all residence hall rooms. 
Each residence hall room has a network connection for each bed to provide 
access from the students' own computers to the campus network. Students 
must provide their own telephones and calling cards for long distance calls. 

Married Student Housing 

Milligan College has apartments available for married students. These units 
are totally electric, including heating and air conditioning. All of the apart- 
ments are unfurnished. Additional information may be obtained by contact- 
ing the Student Development Office. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



12 student life and services 



Campus Ministry 

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Student Guidelines 

Conduct 

M gan I : lege is intent upon integrating Christian faith ~\rifh scholarship 

andBfe. Because or this Ihnsuan lemma-creou I'dfTuoun Collese value; u:e 
mtegnrr of each inuouduil H:~eveu tat 100:0 of eioo person affects the 
~o ..r ::oooo_o_o ~:_:iO:i:_'riLi;:: 1 -too each student is corosid- 
ereo 1 representative ot toe College ^rheiter 00 or off the campus. The 
- . Liege therefore, reserve; the right to refuse suspend. :: dismiss anv sm- 
deetPdbll: u;o ;_:e :. : tea; " ns shall be at the discretion of the President 

Lifestyle 

Miljgan College adepts specific roles on the basis of the belief mat God's 
.'■ : to. as toe ~~ * roue : : raith mo onoote. ;r<ei±t; 00 many matters pertain- 
.0 g :: pers : oil : : oduou Therefore, behavior that conflicts vrith Scripture is 
uo_i coertuble Hist: ncallo t: — urouoioes have lis : devel :~ed r-i:-Or= 001: 
heir rut rot: rtiooie basic moral and social princio.-. - Sue h standards serve 
as a zuude tc~ ard vvrivrhile goals relevant to one's academic, spiriroal, 
: 000. o::::o"o:i vtioco; m;oo:i _•. the soiueoi agrees :: abide by a 
Irfestvie co mmi tment in «ihich he or sot refrains from the use or possession 
: :" ale: h : o : beverages : r ii egal drugs- The student also agrees to refrain 

frcm pomC'graphr profanity u;o ot-o --*■—■-.' -.'■-,- ar.ethital ccr.ouoo 

TaodaiisiD, 3Hid immodest dress. S too tots ire etroected to observe the Lend'; 
flavin— orship and 1 seeki serve Ihrist in an atmosphere of trust, encour- 
agement, and oesr-ect for one another 

Student Complaint Policy 

After all appropriate appeals processes have been exhausted it the depart- 
mpimtftil level, students mav lodge iEbrmal complaints, in vrri ting as follows: 

Student Affairs Issues t g . he using, rood service, student actfriries. 
afhledcs, int Ta m nrraK spirixnal life, parking): Complaints should be 
directed :: toe ^:e pres:dent tor ;t_oeo: develcpment- 

ArartFmic Affatrs Issues eg, :::_.o ooorses. schedules, transcripts, 
oofitmiu:- teooo:l:gv. reg-Strio:o I:— .o_i_o.t; sh : old be directed to 
toe vice tre ; oeo: f: - academ : affairs 

Business Afforr s Issnes eg, fLnao. oral 110L vrorfcstudv, stodesH 
icttunts, to to::: thvs:oi_ :o:.„oe ; md orcunos : f:mrliont: so :o_i 
be nreoteo : ore ■ :e tresioent tor business and nnance. 

The vice presidenS 58 J enT AfttA~—mt^ i»raA»n-iir affair s or hnsiTifss -and 

o_tesrooo:: tomp.iaints vvithin a reasonable nfne 



Snculd toe response be unsarlstictorv. or shoueo 1 : omplaint arise for an area 
net listei icove. 1 t:rooo_ vontteo :: r:~ s.z toav be submitted to the Office 

of toe President. 



mSSgan coiDege academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.miirigan.edu 



admission 13 



Admission 



For information about admission to the programs of study in Adult Degree Completion 
Program [Business Administration] (ADCP), the Master of Education (MEd), the 
Master of Science in Occupational Therapy (M.S.O.T.), and the Master of Business 
Administration (ALBA.), refer to the academic program section for each of these pro- 
grams. 

Undergraduate Admission 

Freshman Class 

Character, ability, preparation, and seriousness of purpose are qualities 
emphasized in considering applicants for membership in Milligan College. 
Early application is encouraged. Those who are interested in attending 
Milligan College are encouraged to visit the campus. Arrangements should be 
made in advance with the Admissions Office. 

Overall excellence of performance in high school subjects as well as evidence 
of Christian commitment and academic potential provides the basis for 
admission to Milligan College. While no specific course pattern is required 
for admission, the applicant is strongly encouraged to include in the high 
school program the following subjects: 



College preparatory English 

College preparatory mathematics 

College preparatory science 

College preparatory history and/or social science 

Two years of a single foreign language 

Some work in speech, music, or art in preparation for study in a liberal 

arts curriculum. 



To provide further evidence of academic ability, the applicant must take the 
American College Test (ACT) or Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT-I) and furnish the 
College with either of these scores. Freshmen applicants who are 21 years of 
age or older at the time of application are not required to submit ACT or 
SAT- 1 results. 

The admissions procedure includes the following steps: 

1 . The student will obtain an application form, forms for requesting tran- 
scripts and references, a catalog, and other literature from the 
Admissions Office or from the Milligan College web site at 
www.milligan.edu. 

2. The student will return the completed application with a non-refundable 
application fee of $30.00 to the Admissions Office. The application may 
also be filed online at www.milligan.edu. 

3. The Admissions Committee will review the application when the fol- 
lowing credentials are on file: high school transcript, college transcripts 
(if applicable), ACT or SAT-I scores, and two references. The 
Admissions Committee may also request an interview. 



Home school 

Home school students should follow the admissions procedure outlined 
above. If the student is under the supervision of a home school agency, etc., 
a transcript should be sent by the agency, etc. directly to the Admissions 
Office. If the student is not under the supervision of a home school agency, 
etc., he/she must submit a portfolio of high school course work. Please con- 
tact the Admissions Office for more information. 

International Students 

Milligan College is approved by the United States Department of Justice for edu- 
cation of non-immigrant alien students. International students must present a 
TOEFL score of at least 550 on the paper-based examination or 213 on the 
computer-based examination. They also must provide an affidavit of support 
and prepay all expenses for one year. J500 of the prepayment is non-refund- 
able. All admission materials must be received by June 1 for fall enrollment. 

Students who reside in the following countries should not submit a TOEFL 
score: United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Canada, Australia, and New 
Zealand. Rather, they should submit ACT and/or SAT-I scores. 

International students must complete a writing sample during new student 
orientation unless excused by the writing faculty. The writing sample deter- 
mines the need for placement in HUMN 093 Fundamental College Writing. 
International students with no ACT or SAT I scores and no college-level 
(non-developmental) math course with a grade of C- or above also must take 
a math competency examination to determine the need for MATH 090 
Developmental Mathematics. Placement in HUMN 091 College Reading and 
Study Skills is determined on a case-by-case basis. 

Non-degree Seeking Students 

Students who are not seeking a degree at Milligan College may be in one of 
the following categories: 

1 . Special students are those who are not admitted as degree-seeking stu- 
dents but who demonstrate the potential to successfully complete some 
college-level courses. The academic dean must grant special student sta- 
tus at the beginning of each semester. Special students are not eligible 
for institutional scholarships or state or federal financial aid. They may 
not participate in intercollegiate athletics. At the end of each semester, 
special students may apply for admission as degree-seeking students. 

2. Transient students are those who are seeking a degree at another institu- 
tion or are not enrolled at any institution but wish to enroll in selected 
courses at Milligan College. Transient students must submit to the 
Registrar's Office a completed special student application and an official 
transcript from the last institution attended. The registrar evaluates these 
documents and determines whether or not the applicant may be admit- 
ted as a transient student. Transient students are not eligible for institu- 
tional scholarships or state or federal financial aid. They may not partici- 
pate in intercollegiate athletics. 



The Admissions Office will notify the applicant of the decision regard- 
ing his or her admission, and any relevant conditions. Admission is sub- 
ject to the successful completion of high school (or completion of cur- 
rent college term). The student must provide final high school tran- 
scripts showing proof of graduation (or final college transcript, if a 
transfer student). 

Upon admission to the College, the student must submit an enrollment 
deposit. The enrollment deposit is non-refundable after May 1 . Upon 
enrollment, the deposit will be applied to the student's account. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



14 admission 



Returning Students 

A student who has withdrawn torn Miliigan College in good social and aca- 
demic standing should complete an application for readmission and submit it 
to the Admissions Office. An official transcripts) of all college course work 
attempted since withdrawing from Miliigan must also be submitted to the 
Admissions Office. The Admissions Committee will consult representatives 
from the Student Financial Services and Student Development offices in mak- 
ing a decision regarding the student's readmission and will send the student a 
letter stating the decision. 

A student who has been academicallv or socially dismissed may, after one 
semester, reappfv for admission by observing the following procedure: 

1. In addition to completing the application for readmission and submit- 
ting official transcripts, the student should submit a letter presenting jus- 
tification for readmission. 

2. The registrar will evaluate the student's original records and any course 
work completed since the suspension. The vice president for enrollment 
management will consult representatives from the Student Accounts and 
Financial Aid Offices and review social dismissal with the vice president 
for student development. 

3. If there is reason to believe that the student would profit from another 
opporttmitv to do college work, the College will allow the student to 
enroll with probationarv status following at least one semester of sus- 
pension. 

4. If it is necessarv to suspend the student a second time, that student will 
not be eligible to apphr for readmission. 

Transfer Students 

Transfer students are those who have completed twenty-four or more college 
credit hours after high school graduation at the time of application to 
"\ tillig an College. Students who wish to transfer from an accredited college, 
who merit a letter of good standing and who have a grade point average of at 
least 2.0 on a 4.0 scale will be considered for admission to Miliigan College- 
Such applicants should follow the procedure described above, except that 
ACT or SAT-I scores and high school transcripts are not required. In addition 
applicants must famish the College with official transcripts of all previous 
college work. 



Audits 

Anv student wishing to aduit a course must have permission of the instructor. 
No credit will be allowed for audit courses, and a grade of "AU" will be 
assigned. Full-time Miliigan College students wishing to audit classes may do 
so as part of their regular course load. Transient students who wish to audit 
courses must submit a letter to the Ad m issions Office requesting admission 
for this purpose; registration follows approval of the letter of application. 

Adult Degree Completion Program (ADCP) 

For information about admission to the college's Adult Degree Completion 
Program, see "'Business: Adult Degree Completion Program" on page 51. 

Ceremony of Matriculation 

After all admission requirements have been met, including orientation activi- 
ties at the beginning of the year, the candidate for admission may participate 
in the ceremony of matriculation. At the conclusion of a general assembly 
the candidates sign the matriculation book and officially become members of 
the Miliigan Community. 

GED 

Students who have earned a General Education Development certificate GED 
should follow the procedure outlined above for a freshman applicant. Official 
results of the GED examination should be sent to the Admissions Office. An 
official high school transcript should also be submitted detailing course work 
that was completed prior to the earning of the GED. The Admissions 
Committee may request an interview with the applicant. GED students are 
required to submit ACT or SAT-I scores if they are under 21 years of age at 
the time of application. If 24 college semester hours have been earned at the 
rime of application, ACT or SAT-I scores are not required, regardless of age 
(and official college transcripts should also be submitted). 



Graduate Admission 

For information about admission to the college's graduate programs, please 
see the appropriate section of this Catalog: 

■ Master of Business Administration — see "Business: M.BA." 

■ Master of Education — ;te "Eiuci-;r.: V.E£." 

■ Master of Science in Occupational Therapy — see "Occupational 
Therapy: M.S.O.T" 



Transfer applicants with fewer than 24 college semester hours earned at the 
time of application, must also submit an official high school transcript and 
ACT or SAT-I scores (if under 21 years of age). 

Overall excellence of performance in previous college work and evidence of 
Chris tian commitment and academic potential provide the basis for admission 
of transfer students to Miliigan College. 

The associate registrar evaluates transfer credits for all entering transfer stu- 
dents prior to the students' enrollment at Miliig an College. Students who do 
not request a transfer evaluation prior to two weeks before the beginning of 
the term receive a copy of the evaluation during new student orientation. 

Transfer students must complete a writing sample to determine writing profi- 
ciency. If they have no ACT or SAT-I scores and no college level (non-devel- 
opmental) math course with a grade of C- or above, they also must take a 
math competency examination. The writing sample and the math examination 
are completed during new student orientation. Transfer students also must 
demonstrate computer competency prior to graduating from Miliigan College. 



miliigan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • vnvw.milligan.edu 



financial information 15 



Financial Information 

Milligan College is an independent nonprofit institution. Tuition, fees, and 
other charges paid by the student represent only a part of the instructional 
and operating expenses of the College. The balance needed to meet the 
expenses of the College, as well as continuing additions to the physical plant, 
comes from endowment funds and contributions by alumni, churches, busi- 
nesses, foundations, and friends of Milligan College. 



Tuition and other Basic Charges for 
Traditional Undergraduate Students, 
2005-06 



Special Classes and Lab Fees 



Per Semester 
|600, 



Tuition (12-18 hr. per semester) 
Board (20-meaI plan) 
Room (double room) 
Student Activity Fee* 
Technology Access Fee* 
Health Fee* 

*See "Explanation of Fees" section of the Catalog. 

Other Tuition Charges 

Traditional Day 

1-5 hrs. 
6-11 hrs 
Over 1 8 hrs (per hour) 



Per Semester 

$8,365. 
1,200. 

1,175. 

55. 

175. 

25. 



Per Semester Hr. 

$290. 
$405. 
$460. 



M.B.A. Program 

M.Ed. Program** 

**The Master of Education tuition rate becomes effective for fa I I of 2005. 

M.S.O.T. Program 

Returning Students 
New Class 

ADCP (Business Administration) 

Summer School and Intercession 



Special Room and Board Charges, 2005-06 

Peri 

Single Room (when available) 

A board plan is required for residence hall occupants: 

20-Meal Plan 

14-Meal Plan 

10-Meal Plan 

Snack Bar Plus 



$375. 
$290. 



Other Charges for Part-time Students 

"Technology Access Fee (5 hours or less) 
♦Student Activity Fee (part-time) 
*Health Fee 
*See "Explanation of Fees" section in the Catalog. 



Per Semester 

$90. 

$27. 
$25. 



$5. 
S65./hr 
S10. 

S5. 

$15. 

S20. 

$150. 

$50. 

S5. 

$100. 

$30. 

$10. 

$15. 



ART 400 

ART 441 

BIOL 200 

EDUC 150, 343, 406, 408, 520, 565, 576, 577 

EDUC 152 

EDUC 355, 356 

EDUC 441 

EDUC 452, 453, 454, 455 

EDUC 456, 553 

EDUC 541 (Art portion of course only) 

EDUC 551, 552 

Science laboratory fee (excludes CHEM 310, 401, & 402) 

Language lab fee 

HPXS 101 

HPXS 158 and 159 Fee for off-campus instruction 

HPXS 160 $25. 

HPXS 302F $55. 

HPXS 310A $20. 

HPXS 31 0B $50. 

HPXS 409 $45. 

HUMN 200 (Humanities European Study Tour) $100./hr 

MUSC 101(piano), 102, 124,201,211 $75. 

MUSC 143-144, 243-244 $25. 

(a maximum fee of $150 for any combination of the music courses listed above) 
NURS 220 $25. 

NURS300, 310, 313, 323,410, 420 $17. 

NURS 424 $26. 

NURS 460 $140. 

OT 531 $140. 

OT 535, 610, 642 $30. 

OT615 $60. 

OT 620 $20. 

OT 625 $100. 

Tuition charges in applied music $150./'/2 hr 



$30. 

$30./hr 

$10. 



$445. 


Other Fees 


$460. 


Application fee (non-refundable) 




Audit fee 


$275 


Change of course fee 




Diploma and graduation fee (graduate) 


$290. 


Diploma and graduation fee (undergraduate) 




Late registration fee 




CLEP fee (per instrument) 




Administrative fee (Milligan students) 


emester 


Administrative fee (non-Milligan students) 


$1,375. 


DANTES fee (per instrument) 




Posting of credit by examination 


$1,200. 


(Advanced Placement, CLEP, etc.) 


$1,150. 


Lifetime Transcript Fee (new students) 


$1,125. 


MAT (per instrument) 



$35. 
$35. 
$50. 
$12. 
$15. 
$60. 

SlO./hr 
$20. 



The College reserves the right, beginning any semester or session, to change 
the charges for tuition, fees, room, and board without written notice. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



16 financial information 



Explanation of Fees 



Student Activity Fee 

The student acrivitr fee is used to fund 100% of the Student Government 
Vssodation 5G : . budget. Thus, the student body spends every dollar of the 
:";; 7 ';.:•; funds are distributed to twenty different committees and organiza- 
tions. These SGA committees provide a wide variety of activities and services 
to students throughout the year, including spiritual activities, concerts, social 
events, campus radio station, literarv publications, and more. In addition, stu- 
dents receive copies of the student newspaper, The Stampede, and a copy of 
the MiDigan College yearbook. 

Technology Access Fee 

The technology access fee is used to provide an extensive campus-wide com- 
puter network system consisting of fiber optic cabling, file servers, software, 
--"■"— : -~- I-:;—;- r ulibTiTT; ;-—__, :~r_ Lzt:: iccts; : .z :r:. tizr. -z-.;;-:_ 
hall room and several on-campus fuDy equipped student computer labs. The 
Library catalog is accessible through the network; and, through it, students 
can connect to other libraries and information databases. Computer lab soft- 
ware includes the Microsoft Office products Word, Excel, Access and 
PowerPoint, Logos (Bible-smdv software), and various other programs for use 
with specific classes. This fee enables students to access the system for obvi- 
ous added academic benefits. 

Computer labs are available to all students. Students who provide their own 
computers may access the computer network direcdy from their residence hall 
room. Suggested specific computer configurations are available from the 
information technology staff. The MQEgan College Bookstore has computer 
systems, supplies ind network cards available for purchase. 

Lifetime Transcript Fee 

All new students will be charged a one-time fee for lifetime transcripts. 
Students can request a transcript from the Office of the Registrar. 

Health Fee 

AH full-time and part-time traditional students wiD be charged a health fee, 
which supports health clinic services. 



Financial Registration Policy 

To enable the College to be responsible in meeting hs fiim 

zes. srudc-;? ~us: —_i.-:± p-7775: ~ : r zr.t ?:~.;r.: :: 77; 
:;r__7_7.7 :: ;;:.-. -;--.;•:;:. K ;rui;r.:"; r;-;-i- :■- ::: :i 
7. 7 777 ;:~~,:—;-::: ri ::r -: ..:.7 z'.-.zz:tr u r.:.:zi .: 
Catalog. Only students vrho have setded their accounts for 
■ i— ester w£ 7 c z-z-— --.a :: zz~izzz :r. zz^.izziz :r. zzzz 



'.r-r-'-rr ----- ~- r - ' -. — '--z- '-- -r ?■ t--.-~-r ■'; • * ,-- TV; I ; _;;; 77. 77.;- 

advance mailings of a statement before each semester to assist students in 
7775 natter hi these —■-■•'-'- j = - ■; =er.i •"" — ----- -_- — ill:--; ;7_7=77; 

and/or their parents to perform advanced financial planning. Students need 
to complete and return the Statement Option Form and the Student 
Statement to Student Financial Services before the stated deadline. It is the 
student's responsibility to make payment arrangements with Student Financial 
5;r— ices. 



Meal Plan Options 

i Miltigan College offers students three meal plans: the 20-meal plan, which 
offers three meals per day Monday through Saturday and two meals on 

s ..7... : . — —^-' -'-- --'-.— ::zr- .--":.- ":' -V:: f ; .;; s z r~_7C7:- 
:.. .:;. :. _; ! -~eal r_==. wrici zztzi '.' ~;._- -.- ~ .;;.--. i. -jr.t ;r_i;r.:'; 

Students have two chances to change their meal plans, at registration or on 

rhc Surzir..-- -7:7 : zzz 7 .~ : 77 zz ..':.- - 77.77 77.: r : ~S-z 7:77.7.- 

ning of each semester. Students who do not select a new meal plan will be 
given the meal plan from last semester or a 20-meal plan. Students may mafcp 

Transfer Meal Option 

>7_7:77- 777 7"" 77.77. 7.77 377 ..-; 777:77 777 tzL ~-lT. Z\ ~S.i ~—. T-Zi n'i:e 

meal option allows a limited number of meals per semester to be taken at the 
grill rather than at the cafeteria. A rotation of menu selections is offered and 
is all-inclusive (sandwich, side item, dessert or fruit, and drink). This feature 
enhances the food service by offering mote flexibility to the campus popula- 
tion at no fv»*'-* charge and is automatically included on each meal plan. 

Snack Bar Plus Account (SBP) 

The Snack Bar Plus SBP) account is an option fhar provides a $50 meal cred- 
it line at the SUB (McMahan Student Center Snack Bar) for an additional 
charge of $40 to your meal plan. This 20% bonus credit is only available to 
accounts purchased with meal plans at pre-regtstranon and registration. 

This added flexibility allows students to grab a quick snack or meal at their 
convenience with the ease of a prepaid credit card. Additionally, if students 
need to add to their credit lines, they may do so at any time after registration. 
SBP accounts can be purchased in increments of $25, $50, or $100, entitling a 
student to a 10% bonus credit. Commuters not on a campus meal plan may 
also purchase a SBP account to be used in either the Student Union Building 
Snack Bar or cafeteria for meal purchases. Students may purchase a SBP 
account in the cafeteria and Student Union Building Snack Bar. SBP account 
7_77i:: .-; 7.:: —--s.r.zz-? .;- ~:~ :r.t -z~z-:z: : ::; 7:7: 



Payment 

General Information 






specific payment arrangements with Student Financial Services before the 
first day of dass. 

Students receiving financial aid must pay the difference between the total cost 
for the semester and the financial aid commitment (excluding work-study) on 
or before registration. 

AH types of financial aid for the current semester should be applied to the 

-7.7.7-7;: _7: 7;:" :. -:. -.7-"77 7 :' : 7; 7-.: ::-;■::: In izzy ever.- 
only students who have setded their accounts for the current semester will be 
permitted to pre-register for any subsequent semester, including summer 

5 37.: 7 .7: t::::?: — . 7 



A student who plans to use federal loans as a form of student account pay- 
ment is required (at a minimum) to sign the award letter indicating the intent 
to borrow and submit the signed copy of this letter to Student Financial 
Services within two weeks from the date of the award letter or the beginning 
of the semester, whichever is later. Students who do not comply with this 
policy are required to make satisfactory payment arrangements with Student 



- zz- 73 s;s Blaze- 3 z\r=. :■; • HZz--z • av.v, - ;=- e:_ 



financial information 17 



Financial Services. If satisfactory arrangements are not made, the student is 
subject to immediate dismissal. 

A semester grade report, transcript, and/or diploma will not be issued to a 
student whose account is not setded by the end of a semester or term. In 
addition, a transcript will not be issued to individuals in default on their 
Federal Perkins Loans. 

If a period of 90 days passes without any activity on an account with an 
unpaid balance, the College may refer the account to a collection agency. The 
student will be responsible for any attorney fees and/or costs associated with 
the collection of the unpaid balance. A delinquent account is also reported to 
major credit bureaus. 

Former students who have not made satisfactory payment arrangements with 
the student accounts coordinator will be charged 1.5% interest per month on 
the unpaid balance. 

Monthly Tuition Payment Plan 

Milligan College is pleased to offer a special payment plan for students who 
desire to pay educational expenses in monthly installments. This is an inter- 
est-free payment plan available through Tuition Pay/ Academic Management 
Services (AMS). No student, other than those participating in the Academic 
Management Services payment plan, will be permitted to attend classes 
before paying the balance of their account in full. 

The Academic Management Services plan permits families to spread their pay- 
ments over a period of 7 to 10 months, with the last payment due near the 
end of the spring semester (before graduation). The current cost of the plan 
is $65 per j'ear which includes life insurance coverage. All new students 
receive information about this plan after they have been accepted for admis- 
sion. Information is also available through the Milligan College Student 
Financial Services Office. 

ADCP students can enroll in an eighteen-month payment plan. M.B.A. stu- 
dents can enroll in a sixteen-month payment plan. The AMS application fee 
for both programs is $85. 

Additionally, students on the Tuition Pay/ AMS plan are fully expected to 
maintain monthly payments as agreed. A $40 late payment fee will be charged 
to accounts for delinquent payments. The College reserves the right to 
require immediate payment in full of any student who fails to maintain their 
Tuition Pay/ AMS payment schedule. If payment is not made as required by 
the College, the student is subject to immediate dismissal. 

The Tuition Pay/ AMS plan is designed for the convenience of students and 
their parents. The College encourages students to set up their own plans 
direcdy with Tuition Pay /AMS. The College reviews all Tuition Pay /AMS 
plans to ensure that the monthly Tuition Pay/ AMS payments are for the 
proper amount. The College reserves the right to make changes to any 
Tuition Pay/ AMS plan to ensure that accounts will be paid off by the last 
Tuition Pay/ AMS monthly payment. It should be understood that these plans 
do not lessen the financial obligation of students. Individuals who abuse the 
Tuition Pay/AMS payment plans will not be permitted to use them for future 
academic years. 

Forms of Payment 

Students may pay their student account using cash, money orders, personal 
checks, certified checks, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover. 
As a convenience for our students, we now offer you the opportunity to 
make your payment online. This option is available on our website at 
www.milligan.edu/sfs. 



Refund Policy 

Refund in the Event of Withdrawal from the College 

The College operates on an annual budget that necessitates advance planning 
and financial commitments to teaching staff and others whose services are 
essential to its operations. For this reason, no refunds are granted to those 
persons who are dismissed from the College for disciplinary reasons. 

The official date of withdrawal used to compute refunds is the date on which 
the student begins the official withdrawal process in the Student 
Development office. 

Tuition and Room Refund Schedule for Fall and Spring Semesters 

Tuition and room refunds are calculated on the following schedule: 

Prior to first calendar day of the semester 100% 

During first five calendar days of the semester 90% 

During the 6 ih through the 14 ,h calendar day of the semester 75% 

During the 15* through the 30* calendar day of the semester 50% 

No refunds after the 30* calendar day of the semester 0% 

An exception is made for iliness, in which case the 50% refund period is 
extended to the ninth week. Illness must be certified by a physician's written 
statement. 

Refund Schedule for Summer and Intersession 

Prior to first day of the class 100% 

During first day of the class 90% 

During the second day of the class 75% 

During the third and fourth day of the class 50% 

No refunds after the fourth day of class 0% 

Board Refund Schedule 

In all cases, a student is charged the pro rata share of board based on the 
number of calendar days enrolled. 

Other Fees Refund Schedule 

Unless a student withdraws during the first five calendar days of the semes- 
ter, all other fees are not refundable. 

ADCP and M.B.A. Refund Schedule 

Students enrolled in these programs will be charged the pro rata share of 
tuition based on the number of days attended. 

Institutional Scholarship Proration Schedule 

Institutional scholarships are those scholarships granted by Milligan College, 
calculated on the following schedule: 

Prior to first calendar day of the semester 0% 

During first five calendar days of the semester 10% 

During the 6* through the 14* calendar day of the semester 25% 

During the 15* through the 30* calendar day of the semester 50% 

No refunds after the 30* calendar day of the semester 100% 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



18 financial information 



Refund in the Event of Withdrawal from Class 

Tz.z szutedzze : refunds ; z — tPuravr zd :: rr. z z_zss .s zuzzrzzzz: zr.zr. ;.z/vz. 
Because die College charges the same tuition for 12-18 hours, there is no 
refund for withdrawing from a dass if the total hours, before and after with- 
drawal, are within the 12-18 credit hour range. Students withdrawing from a 
course or courses outside the 12-18 hour range will be granted full tuition 
r; funds : ;??: z:~ -iri z: -US:; ^;:;: .: the new : :z_ P.: zrs _r; z; :r than 
the ---:. :::_. uzz : Pd:--_-_: sz.zeduP zz-_P zurP 



Prior to first calendar day of the semester 

During first five calendar days of the semester 

During the 6* through 14* calendar days of die semester 

During the IS* through the 30* calendar day of the semester 
No refunds after the thirdeth calenuzu day af the semester . . 



..90% 

1 



Return of Title IV Funds (Federal Financial Aid) 

who receives Tide IV federal Aid. The Return of Tide TV Fund calculations 
~.v result :z :v. zhc student wzd zzuu zzru. zuzutzznu _z. ::_:.: ^::_:; :r :zz 
■_ - uzsuzuu - ~ -S : .-r — :: — -.--.;-. '.-:■- ~.~ : :r;: ": i:.::r.:'i 

first dav of dass for the period of enrollment for which the student was 

:.::.:;; z 



Steps in the Calculation for the Return of Title IV Funds Sc-izs™ - ..; - 

avrksimels prmidei by Ae Department ef ' 'EJmahen sill 'be used te atmplete these adadla- 
-.: v. 



For definitions of specific Return of Title I\ 7 Funds calculations, see the 
Student Financial Services Office. 

Refund of Credit Balances 

When a credit on a student account results from overpayment or from federal 
and state financial aid that exceeds direct charges, a refund will be issued to 
ihe student from the Student Financial Services Office. Student refunds will 
only be issued for amounts up to the actual credit balance on the student 
account. No refund will be authorized or issued in anticipation of financial 
aid that will be ultimately posted to the student account- No refunds will be 
granted until the end of the official drop /add period for a particular semester 
or session. 

In addition, institutional scholarships and grant awards mav not exceed stu- 
dent account charges; under no circumstances will a student receive a credit 
balance refund for institutional scholarships or grants. 

Students mav be required to pav back refunds if their finanrial aid award 
changes. Awards mav change when one of the following occurs: 

• A change in enrollment status 

• The receipt of outside finan cial aid assistance 

Students withdrawing from school who have received federal finanrial aid 
and /or institutional scholarships will have their account adjusted bv the 
appropriate refund schedule. In cases involving federal finan cial aid, federal 
guidelines will prevail In all other cases, the actual cash (credit) refund made 
to the student will be adjusted to the amount actually paid by the student and 
tzzzzuv. 



Step 1: Collect information about student's Tide IV Aid 

Step 2: fPalrnbre pp nrnrag p of Tirff TV Airi famf j by thp <ar»rlfnlf 

dtr? P d_zz.it; zzzz run: : P :de 7 Pud earned pv due szudent 

Step 4: Determine if the student is due post-withdrawal disbursement or if 

Tide TV Aid must be returned 

Step 5: Calculate amount of unearned Tide IV Aid due from the school 

Step 6: Determine return of funds by school 

Step 7: Dete r- ~ e tie Return of Funds 

Any z'ederzP funds; dtit — us: be returned :: federal prcgr arts is a result of the 
Return of Tide IV calculations must be redistributed in the following order 



6. 

8. 
9. 
10. 



L nsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans 

^---; : - : --- Fezeri. Stifzzrd Loan; 
Unsubsidized Federal Direct Stafford Loans 

>_rs:_^_a ::. ;?.. 1" r.zt Z' :: :i F r • 

Feuera. Fez.-zzus ... ■- - 

Federal Plus F cans 

F;a;Zi. Ptrezz Plus F tins 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal SEOG 

Other Tide T 



Student refund checks are automatically mailed each Fridav to the student's 
local address. 



Textbooks 

Textbooks mav be purchased at the Mulligan College Bookstore. The 
Bookstore accepts checks, cash, monev orders. Visa, Discover, American 
Express, and MasterCard. The cost of textbooks generally ranges from $300 
to $500 per semester, depending upon the major. 

Student Financial Services offers a program that allows students to charge 
their textbooks directly to their student account using the Textbook Charge 

Option. Students may make this choice on the Statement Option Form 
endosed with the Student Statement prior to each semester. Please contact 
the Milligan College Bookstore or Student Financial Services Office for 

details. 



Federal work-study wages will not be considered returnable. If the Return of 
Tide IV Funds calculation includes the Tennessee Student Assistance Grant, a 

z-erzeurii-; :: tie rzrir.z tzzz- .- be renamed t: zherr:~a~. 

:i:: \ :: Students recezvuzz; z F.ezzzT : : Pit; P" z zzz- :i_zuPztz u nzav 
:"_ ~ .zt : -'.-- -~t : ■ . res _t - : uze zz_z_zu ■?.. 

The Student Financial Services Office is notified by the Registrar's Office of 
all withdrawals from the College. The director of student finanrial services 
and the coordinator of student accounts will, within 30 days of the withdraw- 
_ zzt:. : tr.znez; p-.e zz.zu.zu u zzzz letermine me result The student will be 
notified of the refund calculation results by memo and also bv -receiving a 
revised copy of their student account statement 



milBgan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



financial aid 19 



Financial Aid 



Milligan College Programs 



Financing a college education is one of the major concerns for students and 
parents. The Student Financial Services Office at Milligan College assists in 
completing the necessary steps in applying for aid. Financial assistance is 
available to eligible students in the form of federal, state, and institutional aid. 
Milligan College participates in scholarship, grant, loan, and work-study pro- 
grams. 

Any student who applies for admission to Milligan College is eligible to 
request financial assistance. If admission is offered, financial aid requirements 
are met, and financial need is demonstrated, Milligan attempts to meet a por- 
tion of the student's financial need. 



General Requirements for 
Title IV Financial Aid 

• Apply for admission to Milligan College 

* Be accepted and classified as a degree-seeking student 

* Be enrolled at least half-rime (6 hours per semester for undergraduate 
students and AVz hours per semester for graduate students); Federal Pell 
Grant recipients will remain Pell eligible if enrolled less than half-time 

• Demonstrate satisfactory academic progress based on the College's Tide 
IV Federal Financial Aid Satisfactory Academic Progress Policy 

Copies of this policy are available in this section of the catalog. No student 
may receive Tide IV Federal financial aid as assistance beyond twelve semes- 
ters of attendance. Tide IV Federal Aid (excluding Federal Work-Study) will 
generally be disbursed and credited to the student account as follows: 



Available Assistance 



Award Criteria 



Amounts Available 



50% Fall Semester 



50% Spring Semester 



Honors Scholarships Mllllgan's most prestigious merit-based 

scholarships. To be eligible for these scholarships, 
applicants must be admitted to the College by 
January 31. Late applicants will be considered If 
funds are still available. 

Academic Scholarships Awards are based on the applicant's ACT/SAT and 

high school grade point average or previous college 
GPA (transfer applicants). 



Award amounts range from 
$7,500 to $18,000 annually. 



Award amounts range from 
$3,000 to $7,000 annually. 



Milligan College Grants 



Need-based and determined primarily from 
financial need. Awards made on the basis of 
criteria established by the College administration. 



Up to $3,000 annually. 



Fine Arts Scholarships 



Based on the applicant's ability in theatre or art 
and the discretion of the respective faculty 
representative. 



Award amounts vary. If 
combined with other 
scholarship awards the total 
award for an individual student 
may not exceed $6,500. 



Music Scholarship 



Based on the applicant's ability in music and the 
discretion of the respective faculty representative. 



Award amounts vary. 



Area Outstanding Student 
Scholarships 



Upperclassmen In each academic area. Based on 
student's overall GPA and individual promise in 
designated major. 



Award amounts vary. These are 
one-year awards. 



Athletic Scholarships Minimum requirements: Accepted for admission 

and selected by coach. Scholarships available for 
Basketball, Baseball, Softball, Volleyball, Tennis, 
Cross- Country, Golf, and Soccer. 



Award amounts vary based on 
the sport and the student's 
athletic ability. If combined with 
other scholarship awards the 
total award foran individual 
student may not exceed 
$11,500. 



NACC Bible Bowl Scholarship 



Any member of the first or second place Bible Bowl 
Team at the North American Christian Convention. 
Also awards to the top 20 scorers on the Individual 
Achievement Test Must maintain 2.5 GPA. 



Varying award amounts to 
Achievement Test top scorers. 



Earnings from the Federal Work-Study and Milligan College Work-Study pro- 
grams are paid direcdy to the student on a semi-monthly basis and WILL 
NOT be credited to the student's account. 



Definition of Terms 

Grants 

Financial aid programs that do not have to be repaid. Eligibility is determined 
by the student's financial need. 

Loans 

Low interest government-subsidized and unsubsidized loans to be repaid after 
the student leaves school. 

Scholarships 

Monetary recognition funded by the College (tuition discounting) for full-time 
students with outstanding academic records who demonstrate academic 
promise and achievement. 

Employment 

On-campus jobs to give students an opportunity to earn money while in col- 
lege. The maximum amount a student may earn (award amount) depends on 
financial need and the amount of funding the College has for the program. 
The Student Financial Services Office determines monetary awards. The 
Work-Study Office assigns positions. Wages are paid bi-monthly based on 
hours worked. 



College Personnel Grant 



Individuals employed by the College for at least one Up to full tuition for bachelor's 
yearand their dependents (spouse and children). degree programs. 



Milligan College Work-Study 
Employment 



Full-time (12 credit hours) students who desire 
work and meet eligibility requirements. 



From S721 to S 1 .442 annually. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



20 financial aid 



Title IV Federal Financial Aid 
Satisfactory Academic Progress Policy 

Students must demonstrate their ability to perform satisfactorily by grade 
point average (qualitative) and by hours attempted/ completed (quantitative). 
Milligan College -will use the following standards to determine satisfactory 
progress of all students in relation to Title IV funding. Grade Point Average 
and Hours completed will be reviewed at the end of each semester. 



Graduate 
Qualitative Standards 

All graduate students MUST maintain 
2.0 or higher cumulative GPA. 



Undergraduate 
Qualitative Standard 

Satisfactorv cumulative GPA's for 
for students will be as follows: 
Sophomore: 26 hours earned must have a 1.6 
junior: 58 hours earned must have a 2.0 
Senior 92 hours earned must have a 2.0 



Freshmen will be warned at the end of their ftst semester if their GPA and 
Hours Completed do not seem to be meeting the quantitative or qualitative 
standards. The warning letter will indicate that bv the end of their Freshmen 
vear thev must have a 1 .6 cumulative GPA and thev must have completed 26 
semester hours in order to be maintaining satisfactory progress. 

Students who have an unacceptable cumulative GPA, but have shown a sub- 
stantial improvement during the semester bv at tainin g a 2.0 will continue to 
receive aid on a semester to semester basis. 

Undergraduate Quantitative Standards 



Enrollment of 

12 hours or more (full-time) 

12 hours 

% time 9, 10, or 11 hours 

Vz time 6, 7, or 8 hours 



^iinimum hours satisfactorily completed 
9 hours Freshman and Sophomore 
Junior or Senior 
9 hours 
6 hours 



Graduate Quantitative Standards 

Enrollment of Minimum hours satisfactorily completed 

9 hours or more (full-time) 9 hours 

% time 6 3 A, 7, 8 6 % hours 

Vi time 4 Vi hours, 5, 6 4 Vz hours 

Students who have not met the Qualitative or Quantitative Standards and/or 
shown substantial improvement during the semester by attaining a 2.0 semes- 
ter GPA will be granted a one semester probationary period. If at the end of 
the probationary period Qualitative or Quantitative standards are not met 
and/or the semester GPA is less than a 2.0 all federal financial aid eligibility 
will be lost 

■ Satisfactory grades are defined as A B, C, D, and S. 

■ Unsatisfactory grades are F, W, I, U (Unsatisfactory) 

■ An Incomplete is counted as no hours completed. 

■ Courses repeated to raise a passing grade do not count toward satisfac- 
tory progress for the semester that the course is repeated. Courses 
repeated to raise an F do count toward satisfactorv progress for the 
semester that the course is repeated. 

Although a student must pass the stated hours to retain aid, class progression 
is also important. Therefore, a student will have 3 semesters to change from 
one class level to the next A student will be allowed 12 semesters until grad- 
uation. 



Appeals 

Should extenuating circumstances prevent the student from passing the mini- 
mum number of classes, an appeal can be submitted, in writing, to the 
Student Financial Services Office. Some examples of acceptable reasons are 
as follows: 



1. 



3. 
4. 



Serious illness or accident, preventing the student from attend- 
ing a significant number of classes. 

Death or serious illness in the student's immediate family, prevent- 
ing attendance of a significant number of classes. 
Cancellation of a class bv Milligan 
Change of major where credits were not transferable. 



Appeals must be submitted by three weeks after grades have been made avail- 
able for preceding semester. 

Any student who has been academically dismissed will be granted one proba- 
tionary period where they can receive Title IV financial aid. Should a student 
be dismissed again for academic reasons, that student will have to demon- 
strate satisfactory progress for a semester, upon subsequent readmission, 
before receiving financial aid. 

Students may enroll during summer sessions to attain satisfactory progress. It 
is the student's responsibility to see that the Student Financial Services Office 
is aware of changes. 

Scholarship Guidelines, 2005-06 
Milligan College 

Minimum Requirements to Retain 
Honors Scholarships (Oosting) 

■ Maintain a cumulative grade point average of 3.6 by the end of the 
freshman year and a cumulative grade point average of 3.75 each year 
thereafter. 

■ Be a full-time student and live in campus housing. 

■ Comply with the following regulations including: 

1. Be a good citizen on campus; 

2. Represent the school in a dignified and respectable manner; 

3. Comply with all moral and lifestyle expectations as set forth in the 
Student Handbook; 

4. Provide ten hours per week in tutorial service beginning with the 
sophomore year. 

Minimum requirements to Retain Honors Scholarships 
(Hopwood and Todd Beamer Scholarship for Christian 
Leadership) 

■ Maintain a cumulative grade point average of 3.5 by the end of the 
freshman year and each year thereafter. 

■ Be full-time student and live in campus housing. 

■ Comply wnfh designated social regulations including: 

1. Be a good citizen on campus; 

2. Represent the school in a dignified and respectable manner; 

3. Comply with all moral and lifestyle expectations as set forth in the 
Student Handbook. 

4. For a student receiving the Todd Beamer Scholarship for Christian 
Leadership, be involved in a campus leadership position. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



financial aid 21 



Minimum Requirements to Retain Academic 
Scholarships (Presidential, Academic Dean, Transfer) 

■ Maintain a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 by the end of the sec- 
ond semester of enrollment, 2.5 by the end of the fourdi semester, and 
2.5 each semester thereafter. 

■ Be a full-time student. 

■ Comply with the following regulations, which include: 

1. Be a good citizen on campus; 

2. Represent the school in a dignified and respectable manner; 

3. Comply with all moral and lifestyle expectations as set forth in the 
Student Handbook. 

Minimum Requirements to Retain 
Music and Fine Arts Scholarships 

■ Continue to major in the area in which die scholarship is awarded and 
make normal progress towards a degree as a full-time student. 

■ Maintain a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 by the end of the sec- 
ond semester of enrollment, 2.5 by the end of the fourth semester, and 
2.5 each year thereafter. 

■ Comply with the following regulations, which include: 

1. Be a good citizen on campus; 

2. Represent the school in a dignified and respectable manner; 

3. Comply with all moral and lifestyle expectations as set forth in the 
Student Handbook. 

4. Enthusiastically participate in the activities of the academic area of 
the award. 

Minimum Requirements to Retain 
Athletic Scholarships 

■ Remain academically eligible for intercollegiate athletics and make nor- 
mal progress towards a degree as a full-time student. 

■ Comply with the following regulations, which include: 

1. Be a good citizen on campus; 

2. Represent the school in a dignified and respectable manner; 

3. Comply with all moral and lifestyle expectations as set forth in the 
Student Handbook; 

4. Apply for any possible federal and state aid; 

5. Respect the directions of the coaching staff and college officials; 

6. Enthusiastically participate in the intercollegiate sport in which the 
scholarship award is made. 

Students receiving an athletic scholarship award are eligible for Honors 
Scholarships, Presidential Scholarships, and Academic Dean's Scholarships but 
may not receive Transfer Scholarships, Alumni and Friends Awards, or 
Milligan College Grants. 

Students who lose Honors/Academic Scholarship(s) due to grade require- 
ments may appeal to the Coordinator of Financial Aid to have their financial 
aid package reviewed for potential funding from other sources. 

Scholarship/Grant Policies, 2005-06 
Milligan College 

■ All unfunded academic scholarships and the Milligan College Grant are 
available to full-time students only. 

■ All unfunded academic scholarships and the Milligan College Grant are 
renewable for up to eight semesters as long as the recipient reapplies 
each year through the Student Financial Services Office and continues 
to meet the criteria for the scholarship/grant. Students who continue 



their education beyond the eight semesters will not be eligible for those 
scholarships. Any exceptions must be made by petitioning the Appeal 
Committee before completion of the eight semesters. 

■ Scholarship recipients who leave Milligan College or begin attending on 
a part-time basis for more than two consecutive semesters must reapply 
for scholarships and will be treated as a new student. 

■ Students receiving athletic scholarships are not eligible for the Alumni 
and Friends Award, Transfer Scholarship, or Milligan College Grants. 
These students may be eligible for the prestigious Honors Scholarships, 
the Presidential Scholarship, and the Academic Dean's Scholarship. 

■ Institutional scholarships and grants awarded by the College may not 
exceed Milligan student account charges; under no circumstances will a 
student receive a credit balance for institutional scholarships or grants. 

■ Scholarship recipients who have failed to meet the minimum grade point 
average requirements and consequently lose area or academic scholar- 
ships may have their scholarship reinstated if the required minimum 
grade point average is achieved the following semester. The scholarship 
will then be reinstated for the next semester. However, it is the responsi- 
bility of the student to notify the Student Financial Services Office so 
that the grade point average can be verified with the Registrar's Office 
and, if appropriate, reinstate the scholarship. 

■ Admitted applicants to Milligan College who already hold a baccalaure- 
ate degree may be considered for the merit-based transfer scholarship 
according to their previous collegiate academic profile and the present 
requirements for a transfer scholarship. Such students must be seeking a 
second undergraduate degree as part of the traditional day program of 
the college and be enrolled full-time. College- funded need based grants 
are not available. (Policy as of December 2002) 

Appeals Process for Renewal of 

College Study Grant or Founders Scholarship 

■ A student who is receiving awards from the appeal process may be con- 
sidered for renewal in future years by re-applying. 

■ These awards are made for one year; therefore, students who would like 
to be considered for the award again must contact the Student Financial 
Services Office and ask that their names be placed in the next Financial 
Aid Review (appeals) meeting. The Appeals Committee will review each 
student's need (from the FAFSA results) and/or academic performance 
and make a decision as to whether or not to reinstate the award for 
another year. 

Policy of Transfer Credits Counting 
toward Cumulative GPA 

■ Students who entered Milligan College spring 2001 or later will not have 
transfer grades applied to their cumulative GPA. Therefore, for scholar- 
ship purposes, grades for transfer work (including summer courses taken 
at other colleges) will not count towards the cumulative GPA. Students 
who wish to improve their cumulative GPA over the summer in order to 
have scholarships reinstated must take summer classes at Milligan 
College. 

■ Students who entered Milligan College before spring 2001 may count 
transfer grades towards the cumulative GPA and also may take summer 
courses at other colleges to improve their GPA. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



22 financial aid 



State Programs 



Available 

Assistance 



Award Criteria 



Amounts Available 



?_"- .'-;-'. V £-: -- 



Robert C. BynJHonoi5 

Scholarship 



Must be eUgiNe to receive Federal Pell Grant 
Money that does not have to be repaid. 



"Up to $4,644 per year for in coming 
students and up to S5.53S for 
upperdassmen per year. 



"e--~£^r"££r 'i Tennessee resident US citizen. Applicant 

Sehoiais Program cannot be a licensed teacher or receive the 

scholarship while employed in a teaching 
position. College juniors, seniors, and post- 
baccalaureate students admitted to a teacher 
education program at an eligible Tennessee 
postsecortdary institution. Undergraduate 
students must be enrolled full-time, graduate 
students at least half-time. Application 
deadline April 15. 



Tennessee resident who is an entering 
freshman with a unweighted 3.5 GPA or an 
average GED score of 570. Students with at 
least a 3.0 high school GPA with an ACT or SAT 
in the top quartfle nationally (24 ACT: 1090 
SAT) may also apply. Application deadline 
March h 



Up to $4,500 with a maximum of 4 years 
eligibility 



Award amount based on Federal funding; 
renewable for a total of 4 undergraduate 
years. 



Tennessee Education Lottery 
Scholarship Programs 



Available 
Assistance 



Tennessee HOPE 
Scholarship 



Award Criteria 



Amounts Available 



Tennessee resident Must be enrolled in a 
Tenness e e public postsecondary institution or a 
Tennessee private postsecondary institution 
that is accredited by the Southern Association 
of College and Schools (SACS). Fun-time 
enrollment (part-time prorated). Student must 
be admitted to and enroll no later than the fan 
semester immediately following high school 
graduation, obtaining a GED. or graduation 
from a home school program. Entering 
freshmen: an unweighted 3.0 GPA and student 
must have completed all college core and 
university track courses or2 1 ACT (980 SAT). 
Home school graduates: 21 ACT or 525 GED 
and 21 ACT (890 SAT). GED applicants: 525 
and 21 ACT. Renewal criteria: I s year - 2.75 
cumulative GPA and 24 attempted hours. For 
subsequent years, a 3.0 GPA is required and 
checked at 48. 72, 96. and 120 attempted 
hours. 



Up to $3,300 at an eligible four-year 
Tennessee postsecondary institution: up to 
$1,500 at an eligible two-year Tennessee 
postsecondary institution (not to exceed 
tuition and fees). Scholarship awards based 
on available funding from State Lottery. 



Ned McWherter Scholars 

Program 



Tennessee resident and U.S. citizen who is an 
entering freshman with a 3-5 GPA and an ACT 
or SAT in the top 5 *. nationally (29 ACT: 1280 
SAT). Application deadline February 15. 



Up to 56,000 peryearfora maximum of 

fouryears at an eligible Tennessee 
postsecondary institution. 



Minorfry Teaching Fellows 



Christa McAufiffe 

Scholarship 



Minority Tennessee resident and U.S. citizen 
who is an entering freshman with a 2-75 GPA. 
Continuing college student with a college GPA 
of 2.75. At least 18 on ACT or 850 on SAT or be 
in the top 25^ of high school class. Application 
deadline April 15. 



S5.OO0 per yean maximum of $20,000 
over four years at a Tennessee 
postsecondary institution. 



Tennessee resident and U.S. citizen who is 
enrolled full-time in a teacher education 
program at an eligible Tennessee 
postsecondary institution. Available funds and 
applicant ranking of GPA and completed hours. 
Application deadline April L. 



Award amount based on funding but may 
I $500. 



Dependent Children's Dependent children of law enforcement 

Scholarship officers, firemen, oremergency medical 

technicians who were killed or permanently 
disabled in the line of doty while employed in 
Tennessee. Financial need as determined by 
FAFSA. Renewed criteria: sa tisfactory academic 
s, Application deadline July 15. 



Award amount based on state funding and 
student's direct cost coordinated witb 
other aid; renewable forfour undergraduate 
years at an eligible Tennessee 
postsecondary institution. 



x For additional information regarding available financial aid provided bv 
Tennessee, contact Tennessee Student Assistance Corporation at 
800.342.1663 or nmn'Mate.tn.fis/ tsac. 



General Assembly Merit 
Scholarship 



Entering freshmen with a weighted 3.75 GPA 
and 29 ACT (1280 SAT) and complete all 
college core and university track courses. Home 
school students must complete 12 college 
credit hours - at least 4 courses with a 3.0 GPA 
and at a TN college/ university while in the 
home school program. Renewal criteria: Same 
as Tennessee HOPE Scholarship. 



$1,000 suppJementtothe Tennessee HOPE 
Scholarship. Scholarship awards based on 
available funding from State Lottery. 



Aspire Artcii (need-based'! 



Students who are eligible for the Hope 
Scholarship. Panaris' adjusted gross income 
(on FAFSA) must be S36.000 or less 
(dependent student) or Student (and spouse) 
adjusted gross income (on FAFSA) must be 
$36,000 or less (independent student). 
Renewal criteria: Same as Tennessee HOPE 
Scholarship. 



$1,500 supplement to the Tennessee HOPE 
Scholarship. Scholarship awards based on 
available funding from State Lottery. 



Tennessee HOPE Access 
Grant 



Entering freshmen with an unweighted 2.75 
GPA and 18 ACT {860 SAT). Parents' adjusted 
gross income of $36,000 or less (dependent 
student) or student (and spouse) adjusted 
gross income of $36,000 or less. Non- 
renewable. May be eligible forTennessee HOPE 
Scholarship in 2 M college year by meeting 
HOPE Scholarship renewal criteria. Apply with 
renewal FAFSA. 



$2,000 at an eligible four-year Tennessee 
postsecondary institution; $1,250 at an 
eligible two-year Tennessee postsecondary 
institution. Scholarship awards based on 
available funding from State Lottery. 



APPLICATION PROCESS 
FOR THE TENNESSEE 
EDUCATION LOTTERY 
SCHOLARSHIP 
PROGRAMS 



Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) after January 1. Available online at 
www.fafsa.gov. Application priority date is May 1. Early application recommended. To renew 
award, complete renewal FAFSA. Application priority deadline May 1. Early application 
recommended. 



*For additional or the most current information specific to the Tennessee 
Education Lottery Scholarship Program(s), contact Tennessee Student 
Assistance Corporation at 800.342.1663 or w u. \\.state.tn.us/tsac OR contact 
the Milligan College Student Financial Services Office at 800.447.4880. 



*For additional information specific to the renewal criteria and/or the appeal 
process, particularly due to loss of the Tennessee Education Lottery 
Scholarship (s), based on renewal criteria, contact the Student Financial 
Services Office at 800.447.4880. 



mitligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 ■ www.milligan.edu 



financial aid 23 



Federal Programs 



Available 
Assistance 



Award Criteria 



Amounts Available 



•Federal Pell Grant Based on results of Information submitted on 

the Free Application for Federal Aid (FAFSA) 
and Federal Methodology. Need based federal 
grant- 



Awards range from $400 to $4,050 



Federal Supplemental 
Education Opportunity 
Grant (FSEOG) 



Students must have exceptional financial need. 
Priority given to Pell Grant recipients. Need 
based federal grant. 



Awards based on federal funding level. 
Generally range from $250 to $1,000 
annually 



Federal Perkins Loan Low interest (5%) loan for students with 

exceptional need. Repayment beginning 9 
months after ceasing to be enrolled less than 
halftone. 



Awards based on federal funding level. 
Generally range from $500 to $2,000 
annually 



Federal Stafford Student 
Loan Programs 



Subsidized and 
Unsubsidized 



Must indicate on your award letter yourintent 
to borrow 



Must complete a Master Promissory Note 

(MPN) 



Subsldized-Need based, government pays 
interest while student is in college. 
Unsubsidized-Available to all students, not 
need-based. Interest accrues while student is 
In college. 



Annual Loan Limits 

52,625-Dependent IstYr. Students 
$6,625-lndependent IstYr. Students 

$3,500-Dependent 2nd Yr. Students 
$7,500-lndependent 2nd Yr. Students 

55.500 ■ Other Dependent Undergraduates 



$10, 500-Other Independent 
Undergraduates 

$18,500-GraduateorProfessional 
Students 



Federal Parent PLUS Loan 
for Undergraduate 
Students (PLUS Loan) 



Low cost parent loan program, not need-based. 
Minimum monthly payment $50. Repayment 
begins within 60 days after loan Is disbursed. 



Cost - Financial Aid = Annual Eligibility 



number of hours you are taking during your last semester of study it' 
you are in an undergraduate program. These disbursement policies nor- 
mally apply when a student is finishing the last semester of their pro- 
gram of study. 

■ Financial aid awards are adjusted if the student drops or adds credit 
hours during the drop/add period. The only exception occurs for tradi- 
tional undergraduate students who are taking 12 to 18 credit hours as 
the tull-time tuition charge remains the same during this range. 

■ If your financial aid disbursements create a credit balance on your stu- 
dent account, then the student financial services office will mail the 
credit refund check to your local address after the drop /add period has 
ended. 

Financial Aid Application Process 

The process of applying for Federal Pell Grant, Federal SEOG, Federal 
Work/Study, Milligan College Work/ Study, Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan, 
Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Parent 
PLUS Loan, Tennessee Student Assistance Award, Tennessee Education 
Lottery Scholarship Programs, and Milligan College Scholarship is as follows: 

1. Complete a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and submit it 
to the federal processor. (Paper or electronic version www.fafsa.ed.gov) 

a. Be sure to include Milligan's code (003511) on the FAFSA 

b. For a Tennessee Student Assistance award, students should com- 
plete the FAFSA by March 1. 

c. The FAFSA is also your application for the Tennessee Education 
Lottery Scholarship (TELS/HOPE Program). The deadline for 
application may vary each year due to die availability of funds. 



*The college will recalculate a Federal Pell Grant award for any student who 
changes his or her enrollment status through die last date to "add/drop" 
courses during a semester. The award amount may increase or decrease, based 
on the enrollment status change. This policy is applied consistently to all stu- 
dents. 



Financial Aid Programs, based on 
eligibility, for Graduate Students 

(M.B.A., M.Ed., M.S.O.T.) 

■ Federal Perkins Loan Program 

■ Federal Stafford Student Loan Programs - Subsidized and LTnsubsidized 

■ Refer to the description of federal programs in the Financial Aid section of the cat- 
alog for award criteria and amounts available. 

Alternative Loan Programs (Contact the Student Financial Services Office 
at 800.447.4880 for information.) 

"Tennessee Teaching Scholars Program 

**Refer to the description of state programs in the Financial Aid section of the catalog for 

award criteria and amounts available. 

Disbursements of Financial Aid 

■ If you begin your program in the summer, you are usually awarded for 
summer, tall and spring for the academic year. This means that your 
financial aid eligibility for the academic year is disbursed in three dis- 
bursements, one at the beginning of each semester. 

■ If your program begins in August or February, then you are generally 
awarded for two semesters in your academic year. The financial aid is 
disbursed in two disbursements, one at the beginning of each semester. 

■ If you are awarded federal student loans for one semester only, then the 
funds will be disbursed in two disbursements during the semester. One 
disbursement at the beginning of the semester, and one at the midpoint 
of the semester. In addition, loan eligibility is prorated based on the 



2. Milligan College Financial Aid/Scholarship Renewal Application: 

a. Incoming students are not required to complete this application. 
An admission application must be completed, and students must 
receive acceptance into the College. 

b. Returning students must complete this application to renew their 
initial academic/athletic scholarship and/or Milligan College Grant 
award. 

c. Non-traditional students (Adult Degree Completion Program, 
Master of Business Administration, Master of Education, Master 
of Science in Occupational Therapy) must complete die Milligan 
College Financial Aid/Scholarship Renewal Application for Non- 
Traditional Students. 

3. To accept a Federal Stafford Loan, students must indicate their intent to 
borrow on their award letter and return a signed copy of the letter to 
the Student Financial Services Office. Loans will be certified electroni- 
cally. Before loans will be processed, students must sign a Master 
Promissory Note (MPN) with tiieit lender. More information may be 
obtained from the Student Financial Services Office or online at 
www.MiUigan.edu/sfs. 

4. Parents wishing to apply for the Federal PLLIS Loan should contact the 
Students Financial Services Office so loan eligibility can be determined. 
After PLUS loan eligibility has been determined, Parent Borrowers are 
required to complete Milligan College's PLLIS Loan Request Form and 
the PLUS Loan Master Promissory Note (MPN). A list of PLUS lenders 
is available at www.milhgan.edu/sfs or in die Student Financial Services 
Office. Parents may complete the MPN online at wwwmilligan.edu/sfs 
or request a paper MPN by calling the Student Financial Services Office. 

5. Quickly respond to any other document requests you receive from the 
Financial Aid Office. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



24 financial aid 



Student Rights and Responsibilities 

As it ::?ienrs of federal student aid (as opposed to state, institutional, or pri- 
vate aid", students have certain rights and responsibilities. Being aware of 
these rights and responsibilities enables students to make informed decisions 
about their educational goals and the best means of achieving them. 

Student Rights 

AH students have the right to know: 

a. The cost of attending a particular school and the school's policy on 
refunds to students who withdraw. 

b. The forms of available financial assistance, including information on all 
Federal, state, local, private, and institutional financial aid programs. 

c The idenritv of the school's financial aid personnel, their location, and 
how to contact them for information. 

d. The procedures and deadlines for submitting applications for each avail- 
able financial aid program 

e. The methods through which the school determines financial need. This 
process includes methods of determining costs for tuition and fees, 
room and board, travel, books and supplies, and personal and miscella- 
neous expenses. It also includes the resources considered in calculating 
need (such as other outside scholarships, veteran benefits, etc). 

f How and when the student receives financial aid. 

2. An explanation of each tvpe and amount of assistance in the financial 
aid package. 

h. The interest rate on any student loan, the total amount that must be 

repaid, the acceptable rime frame for repayment, and anv applicable can- 
cellation or deferment (postponement) provisions. 

L Work Study Guidelines if a federal work-study job is assigned (nature of 
job, required hours, pay rate, and method of payment). 

i. The school's policy in reconsidering vour aid package if vou believe a 
mistake has been made, or if your enrollment or financial circumstances 
have changed. 

k. The manner in which the school determines satisfactorv academic 

progress according to guidelines for receiving Federal Tide IV financial 
assistance and the school's policies for addressing unsatisfactory aca- 
demic performance. Copies of the Title IV Satisfactorv Progress Policy 
are available in this catalog or in the Student Finan cial Services Office. 

Student Responsibilities 

a. Complete the application for student financial aid and submit it on time 
to the correct place. Errors can delay or prevent the awar ding of aid. 

b. Know and comply with all deadlines for applying or re-applving for aid. 
c Provide all documentation, corrections, and/or new information 

requested by either the Student Financial Services Office or the agency 
to which the application was submitted. 

d. Notify the Student Financial Services Office of anv information that 
has changed since the original application was completed. 

e. Read, understand, and keep copies of all financial aid forms signed. 

t Repay any student loans. Si gning a promissory note indicates agreement 

to repay the loan. 
g. Complete both an entrance and exit interview if awarded a Federal 

Perkins Loan, Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan, or Federal 

Unsubsidized Stafford Loan. 



h. Notify the Student Financial Services Office and the lending institu- 
tion^) of any change in name, address, or enrollment status (the num- 
ber of credits in which a student is enrolled during any given semester). 

i. Demonstrate satisfactory performance in any assigned Federal Work- 
Study job. 

For more financial aid information, contact: 

Milligan College 

Student Financial Services Office 

P. O. Box 250 

Milligan College, TN 37682 

800.447.4880 • 423.461.8949 • www.milligan.edu/SFS 

Veterans Education Benefits 

Milligan College is eligible to receive veterans and other eligible persons who 
are entitled to benefits under Chapters 30, 32, and 35 (Tide 38 United States 
Code), and Chapter 1606 (Title 10 United States Code). 

New and transfer student veterans are required to provide a photocopy of 
Member Copy 4 of Department of Defense (DD) Form 214, Certificate of 
Release or Discharge from Active Duty, a copy of DD Form 2366 
Montgomery GI Bill Act of 1984 (GI Bill election form), if available, or 
other veterans educational assistance benefit entitlement/eligibility docu- 
ments, including but not limited to college fund contracts if anv. Reservists 
and members of the National Guard need to provide DD Form 2384, 
Selected Reserve Educational Assistance Program Notice of Basic Eligibility. 
Dependents of totally and permanently service-connected disabled (or 
deceased) veierans applying for educational assistance benefits should pro- 
vide a copy of the disabled veteran Rating Decision or a copy of their 
USDVA Certificate of Eligibility, if received from a previously submitted 
application. 

Veterans in an undergraduate standing are required to provide anv available 
official uniformed services evaluations of education, training, and experience 
that have been prepared in accordance with the American Council on 
Education's Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the 
Armed Services and/or National Guide to Educational Credit for Training 
('"ACE Guides'",!. Academic credit is generally awarded for formal education 
and training onlv. 

To receive VA education benefits while attending Milligan College, under- 
graduate students must meet the following academic standards: 

■ Sophomores (26 hours earned) must have a 1.6 GPA. 

■ Juniors (58 hours earned) must have a 1.8 GPA. 

■ Seniors (92 hours earned) must have a 2.0 GPA 

Payments are made each month directly to the veteran. The Veterans 
Administration provides counseling and vocational planning services for any 
veteran who needs this assistance. Students who desire additional informa- 
tion may contact their nearest Veterans Administration Office or write to the 
Registrar's Office of Milligan College. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



academic policies 25 



Academic Policies 

General Policies 

1. The candidate for the bachelor's degree must have completed the gener- 
al education requirements, a major, and electives to total a minimum of 
128 hours of credit. 

2. Students may graduate under the regulations prescribed in the Catalog 
in effect at the time of their entrance into the College, provided these 
requirements are met within six years; otherwise they are required to 
meet current degree requirements. The six-year limitation is extended 
for the length of time in military service for students who enter service 
after enrolling at Milligan College. 

3. Rising juniors are required to take the Academic Profile, a test covering 
general knowledge. Graduating seniors are required to take an examination 
or to complete a capstone experience or other evaluative experience specif- 
ic to the major to demonstrate knowledge in dieir major field of study. 

4. Students diagnosed as having a deficiency in math, reading, study skills, 
and/or writing must enroll in the appropriate developmental studies 
course(s) as a graduation requirement. Hours earned below the 100 level 
will not count toward the 128-hour graduation requirement. 

5. Some courses listed in the Catalog are not offered every year. Students 
should consult with their advisers to plan their curriculum. 

6. Students must take Bible survey (BIBL 123 and 124) within their first 
two years of enrollment in Milligan College. Students should be 
encouraged by their advisers to take it as early as possible, espe- 
cially because Bible survey is a prerequisite for many upper division 
Bible courses and BIBL 471 Christ and Culture. 

7. Humanities 101 and 102 are required of all freshmen. Humanities 201 
and 202 are required of all sophomores. Once a student enrolls in die 
traditional undergraduate program at Milligan College, still needing 
humanities courses as part of the core, those courses must be taken at 
Milligan College. Should a student withdraw from any of these courses, 
the student is nonetheless required to satisfactorily complete all humani- 
ties coursework by the end of the junior year. 

8. Psychology 100 is required of all freshmen during the first semester of 
attendance. 

9. ' The human performance and exercise science general education require- 

ments should be satisfied in the freshman year. 

10. Milligan College makes no provision for a system of allowed absences, 
sometimes called "cuts" The student is expected to attend all sessions 
of classes. Absence from any class session involves a loss in learning 
opportunity for which there is no adequate compensation. The instruc- 
tor's evaluation of the student's work is necessarily affected by absences. 
Penalties for absences are stated in individual class syllabi. 

11. All classes must meet during final exams week for an exam or another 
significant educational activity. (Any proposed alternative means/meet- 
ings for assessment, such as online exams, should be approved first by 
the appropriate area chair and then by the Dean.) The general policy is 
that students may not reschedule final exams; however, if a student has 
three (3) exams scheduled on the same day, then he or she may request 
permission to reschedule one at a later date. Any approval for exam 
rescheduling will be by the agreement of the instructor and the dean. 
The student should submit a written request for rescheduling an exam 
to the dean with faculty endorsement attending the request. 



12. Only the instructor may waive preequisites for courses. See the catalog 
course description to determine if a course has prerequisites. 

Advisers and Mentors 

All freshmen entering Milligan College are assigned a faculty mentor who will 
function as the academic adviser for that year. All other students will be 
assigned an adviser, usually from within the discipline in which the student is 
majoring. Milligan College requires regular meetings between students and 
their academic mentors or advisers-three meetings per semester for freshmen, 
and once per semester for all other students. At one of those meetings, the 
adviser approves a student's schedule of classes for the following semester. 
Failure to meet with academic advisers will result in an inability to pre-register 
for classes. 

Students are especially encouraged to consult with advisers on a regular basis. 
While a student's satisfactory progress toward graduation is the responsibility 
of the student, regular contact with one's adviser can help ensure timely 
progress toward graduation. 

Campus Communication 

For official communication, including any communication from Milligan 
offices or Milligan faculty to students, the e-mail address issued by Milligan 
College will be the only e-mail address used. Notices sent by official Milligan 
e-mail will be considered adequate and appropriate communication. It is 
incumbent on students to check their official Milligan e-mail regularly. 

Ceremony of Matriculation 

After all admission requirements have been met, including orientation activi- 
ties at the beginning of the year, the candidate for admission may participate 
in the ceremony of matriculation. 

The ceremony of matriculation occurs prior to the first week of the semes- 
ter. At the conclusion of a general assembly, the candidates sign the matricu- 
lation book and officially become members of the Milligan Community. 

Chapel and Convocation 

Each semester Milligan College sponsors a chapel and convocation series 
consisting of programs of a broad range of interest for the intellectual and 
spiritual growth of its students. 

Attendance at these services is required of all full-time, undergraduate tradi- 
tional students. Eight semesters of satisfactory chapel/convocation atten- 
dance are required for traditional undergraduate students completing all 
course work at Milligan College Students who do not attend the required 
number of services are not eligible to return to Milligan College for the fol- 
lowing semester. 

Classification 

Progress toward the baccalaureate degree is measured by tour ranks or class- 
es, which are determined by the number of hours earned. These are fresh- 
man; sophomore, 26 hours; junior, 58 hours; senior, 92 hours. 

College Calendar 

The Milligan College calendar of classes is organized on a semester basis. 
The College also offers a summer session consisting of two 4-week terms or 
one 8-week term. In addition to these regularly scheduled terms, students 
may earn one, two or three semester hours of credit during January Term 
and/or May Term. January Term is a one-week session just before the begin- 
ning of the spring semester; May Term is the session between the spring 
semester and the summer session. January and May Term courses shall count 
as residence credit. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



26 academic policies 



Correspondence Credit 

After r — - ~--7 V" ".7-- .7 :._;7;. 77.777— liu^:; 57_£;7-7i 7:7-7.7: ::.:.; 777;- 
77 :::-:: 77—7:7- ir: .ic£ in "_".- : £e;e ~_s: 77 ; :r.:r writ:; 7 arrr:v.L 
7 -: 77; 7:77:7:77: . r£ ' ;l: ; ;77_ ? :.r 7.; its :" : ~::::7::7:: -:-7 ::e -;: 
ommended. 2nd no mote than twelve semester hoars are accepted toward a 
bachelor's degree program. A student enroled for a correspondence course 
777-: : _7: £7; n-rr.r-r : 7:77;;- 77:77; 7 _-- "7 £7 77c ::;_7.: -_77;;:;7 

i:i£ := 7;7;777_7£ 77 '- 7 — . i£ ~- '- '-'. : 7 :77;7:;7 .-. 777.- 77.7 7 77 . — 7 7 7 5 ;77 7 

. . - ■ - _ -': ' "~" . . " '- '-": 7: -77; 



Course Repeat Policy 



J__ -}-;—-;- 777 — ; —77; ; 
7_ j77Tl£; -5 ~Z~- 7:77. Tr£ ~ : 



7:7 77 -_7;7.7- "7. 7 7 777;- r _7-7 7 TTli 

in -->_;> 77;" :r77"7.7 ;7r7.;i 7 piss;ng 7 

77:7: 77; 7:77-;; 7;7;7! 7 7_777. 7 7 7.:77: "7 



;77: 7T 7;77777:;nnr for 

; Registrar's Office. 
777 average. The origi- 

t 77; 7T7.7;- I 7 7777 

kets on the academic 

77 7 777 77:; 7 7 7 '777 r.- 
777 : 77. .77 7 77777 : 7 

's Office. 



Graduation Requirements 

Eligibility for Participation in Graduation Ceremonies 

It is the policy of Miliigan College that only students who hare completed all 
degree requirements may parridpaie in graduation ceremonies. Degrees are 

conferred two rimes a yean at the end of the fall and the spring semesters. 
Students will participate in the first graduation ceremony following the com- 
pletion of degree requirements. 

Notice of Intention to Graduate 

During the first two months of the senior Tear (the nest to the last semester), 
each degree-seeking candidate shall file a Notice of Intention to Graduate 
{application for degree i with the Office of the Registrar. Candidates must be 
certified for graduation by the Registrar's Office bv completing a transcript 

;".' _._:_ 7- 

All fees and financial and library obligations shall be setried two full days 
before the date on which the 77 — ee is to be conferred. AH incompletes must 
be resolved at least two days before commencement Neither the diploma nor 
transcripts ^n be released until all accounts are cleared. 



Grade Reports 



IQWeb. 2 Web intern 



r": 5 : ; 7-7:7:7 

Grading System 

v7i_7- .-.£var:r;~-tr.: : :i:; ::.:: 
pletioa of a wmmwini or 128 sc 

15 -___7 7: -.-.! -7.7 I 7_^7_i7- 

7.7: 7: ;77T; £-£: L . .7 £;tsrrr£r 
points by the GPA hours. The fi 
courses. 



7:77:7 777 -777- 77777: 7V 777.V7 71 

lent records database. The College issues 



-7:777 V 7 7:: 77; '.iT.iZS ~.77 7 —77; 77:7: 

JannpattF degree is contingent upon the com- 
aaester hoars with a total of no fewer than 
:; — 77; zz-zzzzz average :f 1 T. ": — _i; 

17 7" 77"77_7.7 77; : 77- 7-_77-7:7 : ; "" '" ~ 
_ "777:7 7.; i-.-L.-iS-; 777-;- :7 77. lli 



Grade 


Quality Points 


Grade 


Qtiality Points 


A 


4.0 


D- 


" 


A- 


7, 


F 


0.0 


B- 


3 J 


S 


>77r:77::r 7 7; 


B 


3.0 


P 


Passing (none) 


B- 


1" 


u 


Unsatisfactory (none) 


c- 


23 


AU 


Audit (none) 


C 


2.0 


W 


Withdrawal (none) 


c- 


1.7 


I 


Ir.7 777.;:; 77; 


D- 


1J 


NG 


No grade (none) 


D 


1.0 







~ T -77 77; _77:::T7 Z 77: 7;— _ 77 77 777 77; 777 7:7. 7 7777:7.7 777 "77^777" 

aredwith she grade "WT Withdrawal from a cbss ---1- 7 ~i after the 

iii-.i-i.-. —a.--. : z .£777:7 777— ::-:;: 7=77: :::::. 7 ; — _:: r. 77; a£— iftr. 

LT.L 77.; 7717. 7777 "7.. "7 77: 7 - .7 - '- 7 .7 : 7. " _ 7 77. :.: . : 77. 7 ; 7. T-7 ; 

;^ir.ii--.zr.zrL~L. irzzr. zzr.Lr . .i : : : :.:7'7ri I :£:; re:: re zzzt 

;77 " -.--z 7 : " : 7 ■" 7 7 _7_7.7 £-~— tZZLLT. " ;;■: 7£ 7^; 7:777 



Al candidates for degrees are encouraged to take advantage of the placement 
s ersice in the Career Development Office. 

Honors 

£r7£er.rs "rho hare completed all requirements for the baccalaureate degree 
are awarded academic honors if the cumulative grade point average is 3.5 or 
greater. The degree with honors is divided into three levels as follows: Surnma 
Cum Laude. based on a grade point average of at least 3.95; Magna Cum 
Laude, based on a grade poir.: average of at least 3.75; and Cum Laude, based 
jn a grade pcir/: iverire i a: ic_:" ."- r 

Transfer students may not receive honors greater t ha n the level warranted by 
the grade point average earned at MiUigan College. 

At the close of each semester, the Office of the Dean publishes a list of stu- 
dents who have done outstanding work during that semester. The Deans list 
is composed of students who earned semester grade point averages of 3.50 
to 4.00. 



Information Technology 

MCNet 

"vHligan College has installed a campus local area computer network, MCNet, 
that links all residence hall rooms with faculty and staff offices in addition to 
providing access to the Internet, application programs, and library services. 

\fflligan College :7_7;7.l5 may either connect a computer they bring to cam- 
pus in their residence hail room or use a computer in one of the campus 
computer labs. Residence hall room computers may be connected to MCNet. 
provided that the students computer conforms to minimum requirements 
(available from the Information Technology Department). Lab computers are 
already connected to MCNet Examples of software available in the computer 
labs include Microsoft Office (eg, Word, Excel, Access, and PowerPoint and 
other application programs specific to certain courses. E-mail accounts are 
provided for students so that they may send and receive e-mail both locally 
and across the Internet 



The Miliigan College Computer Use Policy outlines expected behavior when 
using the compute: oetw : rk. Students are expected to conform to provisions 
outlined in the policy, a copy of which is available on the Miliigan CoDegc 

ir.f: r:rj.r 7- T.: : 7 ""■';: - ". 



mBkjan college academic catalog • 200o-06 • www.miingan.edu 



academic policies 27 



For further information or answers to questions, contact Information 
Technology Help Desk by calling 423.461.8704 or emailing at 
HelpDesk@Milligan.edu or visiting the Milligan College Information 
Technology Web site at www.milligan.edu/it. 

MCNet in the Residence Hall Rooms 

Each residence hall room has a network connection for each bed to provide 
access from the students' own computers to the campus network. The com- 
puter must have an approved Ethernet network adapter card installed. These 
cards can be purchased in the College Bookstore. Students are responsible for 
installation of network adapters and protocols. The Information Technology 
Department will furnish necessary information pertaining to network access. 

For the recommended minimum computer configuration for connecting to 
the network, call 423.461.8704 or visit the Milligan College Information 
Technology Web site at: www.milligan.edu/it/. 

Because of limited resources and staff, Milligan College has standardized on 
Intel architecture and Microsoft Windows operating systems. Therefore, 
Milligan College does not recommend that students connect Macintosh or 
other non-Intel based computers to MCNet. However, students with 
Macintosh or other non-Intel based computers are permitted to connect to 
MCNet on the condition that no support is to be expected from the 
Information Technology Department. The Information Technology 
Department guarantees only a connection to the plug in the residence hall 
room. Connecting a Macintosh or other non-Intel based computer limits the 
student to only e-mail and Internet access. For further information or 
answers to questions, contact the Information Technology Help Desk at 
423.461.8704 or email HelpDesk@Milligan.edu. 

Computer Labs 

Five networked computer labs are located on campus. The Kegley Computer 
Lab, which keeps regular library hours, is located on the lower level of the 
P.H. Welshimer Memorial Library building and contains twenty-five comput- 
ers. The Derthick Computer Lab is open some weekday evenings and has 
twenty-five computers for student use. However, most computer classes are 
held in the Derthick Computer lab, which limits its availability. A Multimedia 
Computer Lab is located in the Paxson Communication Center and has ten 
computers and an optical image scanner. It is open some weekday evenings 
and some time each weekend upon request. Several classes use this lab due to 
die special equipment installed, which limits its availability. A fourth lab is 
located on the third floor of Hardin Hall, which houses the nursing and 
occupational therapy programs. A fifth lab contains 10 laptop computers and 
is located in the Clark Education Center. The latter three labs are maintained 
within their respective departments and students within those areas of study 
will have priority to use computers within those labs. 

Each lab also has at least one letter quality printer, and a lab assistant is on 
duty each evening and on weekends in the Information Technology 
Department to assist students in using the available resources. Assistance 
from the IT Help Desk is available by calling 423.461.8704 or emailing 
HelpDesk@Milligan.edu. 

Phone Service 

Milligan College maintains its own phone network. Each room has its own 
private phone connection with voice mail and caller ID available. Phones, 
however, are not provided. Students can be reached by dialing 423.461.8300 
followed by their extension. The extension number is usually a building code 
followed by the room number. 

For more information about phone service, contact the Information 
Technology department at 423.461.8704 or HelpDesk@Milligan.edu. 



Cable TV in the Residence Hall Rooms 

Milligan College provides access to over 60 cable TV channels, including 
some that are operated by the Milligan College Communications Department. 
Each residence hall room has one cable TV outlet. 

For more information about the cable TV network, contact the Information 
Technology department at 423.461.8704 or HelpDesk@Milligan.edu. 



Learning Disabilities 



1. Students are responsible for making their learning disabilities known to 
Milligan College. Students who wish to have special accommodations 
for their learning disabilities shall submit documentation for those needs 
to the dean. Appropriate documentation shall consist of: 

a) evidence of previous school accommodation (Individualized 
Educational Plan [IEP] developed within the three years prior to 
submission by the student to the dean with specific modifications 
of the learning program listed) and 

b) a report of an evaluation conducted within the three years prior by 
a psychologist, psychiatrist, or properly certified educational diag- 
nostician, diagnosing the learning disability and making specific 
remedial recommendations. 

2. For each student requesting accommodation, the dean will request an 
evaluation of the documents by the professional Counseling Staff 
and/or special education faculty of Milligan College. This evaluation 
should: 

a) verify the adequacy of the documentation. 

b) suggest a plan of action, with specific accommodations to the stu- 
dent's learning program at Milligan. 

3. Based on the documentation and evaluation, the dean will notify the 
student's instructors each semester of the plan of action and specific 
accommodations that are to be granted. 

4. When a student's documentation is lacking or insufficient or is consid- 
ered outdated, it may be necessary to secure a psychologist's evaluation. 
The need for a psychologist's evaluation will be established by the pro- 
fessional Counseling Staff of Milligan College. In such cases, the stu- 
dent will be referred to a local psychologist for evaluation. It shall be 
the student's responsibility to secure the needed evaluation by sufficient- 
ly trained psychologists. Without the completion of this step, the 
College will assume no responsibility for accommodations. The College 
Counseling Staff might be consulted for direction to clinicians to per- 
form the evaluation. 

5. In cases where either faculty members or students believe that the 
accommodations have been established in error, or where extenuating 
circumstances are present that are not adequately addressed in the docu- 
mentation, an appeal can be made to the entire ADA Committee. All 
appeals shall be made in writing to the vice president for student devel- 
opment. Final decisions of the ADA Committee will be considered 
binding. 

6. Students who have been granted accommodations for learning disabili- 
ties and believe they are not receiving those accommodations from 
instructors at Milligan shall have the right to make specific appeal to the 
dean for enforcement of the plan of action. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



28 academic policies 



Library Services 



Students find in the P. H. Welshimer Memorial Library a wide variety of 
materials to support their academic work and leisure rime reading. These 
resources include: books, journals, magazines, documents, papers, non-print 
materials, and access to many information databses. 

Special collections within the Library contain materials on the history of 
Milligan College, the Restoration Movement, and the local area. 

The Library participates in resource-sharing agreements with the libraries of 
the Appalachian College Association, Emmanuel School of Religion, East 
Tennessee State University (main campus and medical school), and Holston 
Associated Libraries, Inc. (HAL). HAL consists of Milligan and seven addi- 
tional libraries in the region. The computer system displays in each library the 
holdings of all eight libraries in a shared catalog. Materials are readily lent 
among the libraries. Many additional features of the system enhance informa- 
tion exchange and resource sharing. Through these agreements, Milligan stu- 
dents have access to many materials beyond the considerable holdings of the 
Welshimer Library. Further, membership in the Southeastern Library Network 
provides interlibrarv loan access to the holdings of thousands of additional 
libraries worldwide. 



Probation and Dismissal of 
Undergraduate Students 

An undergraduate student who fails to receive a 2.0 grade point average dur- 
ing any semester of enrollment in Milligan College or who fails to have a 2.0 
cumulative grade point average is placed on academic probation or dismissed. 
The student's social behavior and attitude exhibited toward academic pursuit 
are factors in determining probation or dismissal. If the student on probation 
fails to achieve a 2.0 the following semester, the College is not obligated to 
grant the privilege of further study at Milligan College. 

Milligan College is seriously concerned that even 7 student who enters the 
College makes progress toward the attainment of a degree. Consequently aca- 
demic progress is judged to be paramount to the many extracurricular activi- 
ties that are available to Milligan College students. Every student is encour- 
aged to participate in extracurricular activities; but, in those cases where par- 
ticipation is deemed to be detrimental to the student's academic progress, it is 
the policy of the College to limit such participation. To participate, the stu- 
dent must maintain the following grade average: rising sophomores, a 1.6; and 
rising juniors and seniors, a 2.0. Additional limitations may be imposed as 
deemed appropriate by the dean. 



some instances, the major exam is incorporated into a senior-level 
course in the major. Students pursuing double majors must complete a 
mojors exam in each major. 



Testing Services 



AH entering students are evaluated in the basic skills of reading, writing, and 
mathematics. Proficiency in these basic areas is a graduation requirement. 
Services are provided to help students attain these proficiencies (see 
Developmental Studies). 

■ The Miller Analogies Test (MAT) is administered on an individual basis for 
those entering graduate studies. The MAT may be scheduled through 
the Testing Office. 

■ The Academic Profile exam evaluates students in general education 
requirements and is administered to entering freshman and/or returning 
juniors in the fall. 

■ The senior major exam, which is required of all baccalaureate degree-seek- 
ing students and evaluates the students in their major fields of study, is 
administered on the last day of classes in December for December grad- 
uates and the last Friday of March for spring and summer graduates. In 



Majors Exam Po 


licy 

Faculty Created 


Major Field Test 


Capstone Course 


Applied Finance and Accounting 


X 






Bible 


X 






Biology 




X 




Business Administration 


X 




BADM/ECON 470 


Chemistjy 




X 




Communications 






C0MM 494, 475 


Computer Information Systems 






CIS/CS 450 


Computer Science 






CIS/CS450 


Early Childhood Development 


These students must complete the Praxis 11 for licensure 
or Praxis 0020 for non-licensure. 


English 




X 




Fine Arte 






ART 421 


History 




X 




Human Performance & Exercise 
Science 


X 






Humanities 






HUMN 490 


Language Arts 




X 




Mathematics 




X 




Missions 


X 






General Music Studies 




X 




Music Education 
K- 12 Instrumental 


PRAXIS 10113 (Non Licensure) 
PRAXIS 10113 & 30111 (licensure) 




Music Education 
K- 12 Vocal/General 


PRAXIS 10113 (Non Licensure) 
PRAXIS 10113 & 30111 (Licensure) 




Music Ministry 




X 




Nursing 






NURS460 


Psychology 




X 




Public Leadership & Service 


X 






Sociology 




X 




Youth Ministry 


X 






Worship Leadership 


X 







Milligan College recognizes that not all college-level learning occurs in a col- 
lege classroom and awards credit earned by testing. The Testing Office evalu- 
ates and/or administers the following testing programs: 

■ Advanced Placement Program 

■ College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 

■ DANTES Program 

■ International Baccalaureate Program 

Milligan College students may submit scores on examinations taken through 
these programs to the registrar for evaluation. College credit will be granted 
on the basis of an acceptable score earned through these testing programs as 
determined by the Academic Committee rather than by the testing company 
under the conditions below. See the tables below for information about AP 
and CLEP tests, acceptable scores, and credits awarded. A DANTES score 
that is equivalent to at least a grade of "B" is reviewed by the director of test- 
ing for possible course credit. See the director of testing for specific informa- 
tion about the DANTES Program. 

Guidelines 

1 . At least one semester of work must be completed at Milligan College 
before credit earned by testing will be recorded on the transcript. 

2. No credit by exam will be allowed after a student has earned a cumula- 
tive total of 64 hours of college credit. 

3. A maximum of 32 semester hours can be earned by testing. 

4. A recording fee of S10.00 per hour will be charged. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



academic policies 29 



Advanced Placement (AP) Policy 

Test Score Course and Credits 



CLEP Policy 



Art History 


3.4,5 


HUMN201,3hrsorART367,3hrs 


Biology 


3,4,5 


BIOL HO, 111. or 112,4 hrs 


Calculus AB 


3.4,5 


MATH211.4hrs 


Calculus BC 


3,4.5 


MATH 21 1& 212. 8 hrs 


Chemistry 


3.4.5 


CHEM170&171,8hrs 


Computer Science A, AB 


3, -1.5 


CIS 211. 3 hre 


English Literature/Comp 
OR English Language/Comp 


4,5 


HUMN 101W.3hrs 
General Elective, 3 hrs 


Environmental Science 


3,4,5 


Lab Science, 4 hrs 


European History 


4.5 


HUMN 101S, 3 hrs 
HUMN 202S. 3 hrs 


French Language 


3,-1,5 


FREN 1118,112. 6hrs 


German Language 


3.4,5 


GERM 111 & 112, 6 hrs 


Government and Politics 


3,4.5 


LS 202 or POLS 202. 3 hrs 


Human Geography 


3.4,5 


GE0G202,3llrs 


Latin 


3,4,5 


LATNlll&112,6hrs 


Macroeconomics 


3,4,5 


ECON 201,3 bis 


Microeconomics 


3.4,5 


ECON202,3hrs 


Music Theory 


3.4.5 


MUSC 143, 3 hrs 


Physics C 


3,4,5 


PHYS203,4hrs 


Physics B 


3.4,5 


PHYS 203 & 204, 8 hrs 


Psychology 


3.4.5 


PSYC250,3hrs 


Spanish Language 


3.4,5 


SPAN 111 & 112, 6 hrs 


Statistics 


3,4.5 


MATH 213. 3 hrs 


Studio Art 


3,4,5 


Fine Arts elective for Fine Arts majors 


US History 


4,5 


Elective, 6 hrs (The student will be exempt 
fromHUMN 101S. Policy will be effective for 
the 2005-2006 academic year.) 



World History 



4,5 



HUMN101S,3hrs 
HUMN 202S. 3 hrs 



htt^://ww^'.coUegeboardxom/ap/students/worldhistory/index.html 



CLEP Exam Credit Score Equivalent Courses & Credits 

Granted Required 



Composition & Literature 


American Literature 


6 


55 


Lower-division American literature credit {no 
credit (or majors or minors) 


Analyzing & Interpreting 
Literature 


3 


54 


Lower- division literature credit 


Composition, Freshman 






Not accepted for credit 


English Composition with Essay 


3 


55 


HUMN 101W, 3 hrs 


English Literature 


3 


55 


HUMN 102, 3 hrs, 

combined with CLEP Humanities 



HUMN 102, 3 hrs, 

combined with ClEP English Literature 

HUMN 201, 3 hrs, 

combined witti CLEP Western Civilization II 



Science & Mathematics 


Algebra 


3 


52 


MATH 111 College Algebra 1 


Algebra-Trigonometry 


3 


55 


MATH 1 12 College Algebra II and Trigonometry 


Biology 


3 


55 


BIOL 110 General Biology 


Chemistry 


3 


55 


CHEM 170 General Chemistry 


Calculus with Elementary 
Functions 


3 


55 


MATH 211 Calculus 1 


College Mathematics 


3 


5S 


MATH 107 Principles of Mathematics 


Natural Sciences 


3 


53 


Lab Science (required to take two 1-hour labs) 


Trigonometry 


3 


56 


Elective 


Foreign Languages 


French. Level 1 


6 


51 


FREN 111 & 112 Elementary French 


French, Level 2 


6 


66 


FREN 2 1 1 & 2 12 Intermediate French 


German, Level 1 


6 


51 


GERM 111 & 112 Elementary German 


German, Level 2 


6 


64 


GERM 2 1 1 & 2 12 Intermediate German 


Spanish. Level 1 


6 


51 


SPAN 111 & 112 Elementary Spanish 


Spanish, Level 2 


6 


68 


SPAN 211 &212 Intermediate Spanish 


History & Social Sciences 


American Government 


3 


62 


POLS 202 American National Government 


Educational Psychology, Intro 


3 


55 


Elective 


History of the United States 1: 
Early Colonization to 1877 


3 


57 


Elective (policy goes Into effect for 2005-2006 
academic year) 


History of the United States II: 
1865 to the Present 


3 


53 


Elective (policy goes into effect for 2005-2006 
academic year) 


Human Growth & Development 


3 


60 


PSYC 252 Developmental Psych 


Psychology, Introductory 


3 


60 


PSYC 250 General Psychology 


Social Sciences & History 


6 


60 


Elective 


Sociology, Introductory 


3 


60 


SOCL 20 1 Introduction to Sociology 


Western Civilization 1: Ancient 
Near East to 1648 


3 


57 


HUMN 101S (3 hrs) Humanities OR 
Lower-division history credit 


Western Civilization II: 1648 to 
the Present 


3 


56 


HUMN 201 (3 hrs) Humanities combined with 
CLEP Humanities OR Lower-division history credit 


Business 



The following exams are not accepted for credit: 
Accounting, Principles of 
Business Law, Introductory 
Information Systems & Computer Applications 
Macroeconomics, Principles of 
Microeconomics, Principles of 
Management Principles of 
Marketing, Principles of 



milligan college academic catalog * 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



30 academic policies 



International Baccalaureate Policy 



IB Exam 


Score 


Course & Credits 


Biology 2003 


6.7 


3iOL112.4hours 

BIOL 111 and 112, 8 hours 


Business and Management 2002 


6 


BMW 210, 3 hours 



Chemistry 2003 



5,6,7 

5 
6.7 



CHEM 170, 4 hours (in minors not 

requiring organic chemistry) 

CHEM 170. 4 hours (in majors requiring 

organic chemistry) 

CHEM 170 and 171, 8 hours 



Classical Languages 2003 


HL5orSL6.7 


General elective. 6 hours 


Classical Languages 2003 


HL6.7orSL7 


General elective. 6 hours 


Computer Science 2000 


6 


General elective. 3 hours 


Creativity. Action. Service 2003 




Not offered 


Design Technology 2003 


6,7 


General elective. 3 hours 


Economics 1999 


6 


EC0N201. 3 hours 


Economics 2003 


6 


General elective, 3 hours 


Rlr.2005 


6.7 


General elective. 3 hours 


Further Mathematics 
Standard level 2001 


5.6.7 


MATH 213. MATH 211. 7 (11) hours 
(MATH 212 with approval) 


Geography 2003 


5.6 


GEOG201.3hours 


History 2003 


5.6 


General elective, 3 hours 


Islamic History 2003 


5.6 


HIST206.3hours 


IT in a Global Society 
HL-2006SL-2004 


6 


CIS201. 3 hours 


Language A 12001 
(English: World Lit) 


HL5.6.7orSL6,7 


HUMN 101S. 3 hours 


Language A2 1999 
(Fren. Germ. Span) 


HL5orSL6 


Elementary year, 6 hours 


Language A2 2004 




Same as for 1999 


Language A2 1999 
(Fren. Germ. Span) 


HL6.7orSL7 


Elementary & Intermediate. 12 hours 


Language ab initio 2004 
(NoHLSLdistinctJon) 


6 


Fren. Germ.orSpan 111. 3 hours 


Language ab initio 2004 
(NoHLSLdistJncoon) 




Fren. Germ. orSpan 111-112. 6 hours 


Language B 1997 


HL5orSL6 
HL6.7orSL7 


Fren, Germ, orSpanlll.3 hours 
Fren- Germ, or Span 111-112. 6 hours 


Language B 2004 




Same as for 1997 


Mathemarjc Higher Level 2001 


5,6,7 


MATH 213. MATH 211. 7 hours 


Mathematical Methods 
Standard Level 2001 


57 


MATH 213. MATH 211. 6 flO.i hours 
(MATH 212 with approval) 


Mathematics Higher Level 2006 


5-6.7 


\7.TH2:3 VATH211 ' lours 


Music 2002 


6.7 


General elective. 3 hours 


Philosophy 2002 


HL5.6. 7orSL6, 7 


General elective, 3 hours 


Physics 2003 


4 

5.6.7 


PHYS203.4hours 
PHYS203.PHYS204.8hours 


Social and Cultural Anthropology 2002 


5.6 


S0CL210. 3 hours 


The Extended Essay 1999 
(No HLSL distinction) 


6. 7 


HUMI 101W.3 rojrs 


Theatre Arts 2001 


6.7 


General elective. 3 hours 


Theory of Knowledge 200 1 




Not offered 



Transfer Credit Policy 

For students matriculating in Millig an College beginning spring 2001, only 
the credit hours for transfer courses will be posted to the student's transcript. 
Xo grades will be recorded for the transferred credit. Quality points for 
transfer credits will not be included in the MiUigan College grade point aver- 
age. Milligan College will not accept any transfer credit for courses at other 
institutions for which a grade below a C- was earned. The minimum number 
of credit hours earned at Milligan toward a bachelor's degree shall be 45. 

After matriculation, for undergraduate students in traditional programs, no 
transfer credit will be allowed for Freshman and Sophomore Humanities 
(HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202); Christ and Culture (BIBL 471); Old and New 
Testament Surrey (BIBL 123, 124). 

The transfer of credits after matriculation requires advance advising and 
approval- A matriculated student may receive credit from another institution 
only if appropriate signatures are secured before faking the course. 
"Appropriate signatures" are denned as the signature of anv one of the three 
registrars and, if deemed necessary bv the registrar, the signature of the stu- 
dent's adviser or area chair. 

A student transferring from another college must be in residence during the 
three semesters (may include one nine-week summer session) immediately 
preceding graduation and must successfully complete not fewer than 45 of 
the 128 required semester hours through instruction at Milligan College. A 
minim um of one-third of the hours within a major must be earned at 
Milligan College to receive a degree from Milligan. 

A minim um of one-third of the hours within a major must be earned at 
Milligan College in order to receive a degree from Milligan. 

Students enrolled concurrently at another institution must count the number 
of hours with the hours at Milligan College in determining a full load for the 



Transcripts 

Official transcripts of the student's academic record in Milligan College are 
furnished only upon the request of the student. Requests must be addressed 
o the Registrar's Office and must be signed by the student. A one-time tran- 
script fee is charged to all matriculating students. This is a lifetime fee for all 
transcripts. Transcripts are withheld if the student or alumnus has an unset- 
ded obligation to the College. 



visual Arts 2002 



6.7 



General elective, 3 hours 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



academic policies 31 



Withdrawal 

From College 

No student may withdraw from the College without the permission of the 
dean. Upon securing the consent of the dean, the student is expected to meet 
all obligations involving instructors, fellow students, deans, residence hall 
directors, the vice president for business and finance, and the registrar. The 
withdrawal process begins and ends in the Office of the Vice President for 
Student Development; other college offices (dean, registrar, financial aid, stu- 
dent accounts) are notified of the student's withdrawal. 

Students who leave the College without fulfilling these obligations receive 
"Fs" in all courses in which they are enrolled and forfeit any returnable fees 
twhich may have been paid to the College. 

Students withdrawing from the College during the first eleven weeks of the 
semester (or the equivalent of 11/15 of an academic term when the term 
length is other than 15 weeks) will receive a grade of "W" in all courses. 
Withdrawals from the College after the eleventh week will be recorded with 
"W" or "F" at the discretion of the instructor. A student who does not with- 
draw by the official procedure will receive an "F" for each course. 

The College may administratively withdraw a student who is not attending 
class or otherwise not demonstrating a serious academic effort. 
Administrative withdrawals during the first eleven weeks of the semester (or 
the equivalent of 11/15 of an academic term when the term length is other 
than 15 weeks) will receive a grade of "W" in all courses. Administrative 
withdrawals from the College after the eleventh week will be recorded with 
"W" or "F" at the discretion of the instructor. 

The College may dismiss a student for social infractions. Social dismissals 
during the first eleven weeks of the semester (or the equivalent of 11/15 of 
an academic term when the term length is other than 1 5 weeks) will receive a 
grade of "W" in all courses, unless failing grades are also a part of the penal- 
ty. Social dismissals after the eleventh week will be recorded with "W" or 
"F" at the discretion of the instructor. 

From a Class 

A student may, with the approval of the instructor and the adviser, withdraw 
from a class through the eleventh week of classes (or the equivalent of 11/15 
of an academic term when the term length is other than 15 weeks). Classes 
dropped are evaluated with the grade "W" Withdrawal from a class with a 
"W" after the eleventh week of classes requires the consent of the instructor, 
the adviser, and the dean and will only be considered in extenuating circum- 
stances. The signed withdrawal form must be received in the Registrar's 
Office before the end of the last class day (not including final exam week) of 
the term. 



Writing and Study Skills Center 

The Writing and Study Skills Center is a place where any student can access 
resources and receive classroom or individual instruction for academic suc- 
cess. Located in Derthick 102, the Center is staffed by a writing and study 
skills instructor. Hours are posted on the door. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



32 academic programs 



Academic Programs 

AiiBlip gmn College oMeffS stodents a Oraisaraaini MiffiraTl aits cdtacataon in a cominiin- 
777- : : 77 7-771 : 



The 777: _rr:i_ 775" 777 ■ _;:: :: leie: i a coih : £ c^:~ :ciri 7:n- 
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hooatSk abomt due historical!, philosophical, and beoif basis of otmt modem 

element TV.: Mere ; 777.7 : i; " — ; *-- >-^ 7777 in. 7- — it-, - 77 7 7 
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-nnM TTfe approach s> the liberal arts is oar goal at MHigan College. 

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due description tor the major to determine if a ininor cisdpline of swsdyis 



-,-»--- - \---;--r :.-\ ] 777::: : 7 77 777777:75 .7 177-7- 4 77 7 7 : 7 77l7. 

7fo.;ier of Edbacaaion fMJSdL), and Master of Science in OcoapaMomal 
Therapy piOI). 



Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree (B.S.N.) 

777; 7177;77 77~ 5~£777: 177 -\7T57_g 7:^77:: prl-gram prepares Student: fot 
7 17177:77: 777;5511717 77771=777; 777:77 1-77 777717:5 77171 fol graduate STuAl 
77l7 7771177- 717777. 7717 77 foe miTSlTig program reCnOltem entS. 777-- 

ates of the program become dfigifafe to sit for foe \ fI.KV- li\" Bcensiare 



Graduate Degrees 

Master of Business Administration degree (M.B.A.) 

The 7l77:7 1 B"U517£55 77777775777 1 71 7:177:; prog ram prepares Students fol 
77:5 1 77:7 77 7. 1 _. : _-.:;; 77-7:777 777.:i;; 7 77 771 17 7-717 7 - 
77::.^- ~ 7117_71 77.177::: : 7:777171:7 7"7„t 7 1 1 7771"_ 7771:71 11 _7177f-771 -7.7:5 

777 ;fol77=] 1177-17 77:777:5 ;-_7:717 II 771;:: 711: 17__:7.7:: .1 - 7.177 1 71- 
7:7711"; 71715777c55 ;77771 71777:7.1 77 717 ~~-z~m 777 1:77.77 7:;: 

7:i: 7:. 777"" ::'.:.;:; \z izn i:: 7.1 7. : _7; felirered ' 7;: 777:1717717::.: 
e^itjeeaa motaahs, divided itatD fotar sesHaesters. Classes meet one weekend 

:77.7 711 1 7.77. 77.7 77; 5_77'. 77:7 77 ;77;7_57T; jTitemiei-bilSed C0Dt3Ct amOIlg foe 
-777:7:5 il: ::7 :^:_7 7;-l'::7 7".; 77:7717.7 1.755 575577-;. 7^7:7:77-7771.5 

cohort-based, inraMptMaaiDg per. 775 71" inteaske dass-rinie togefoer "with 
iradependaHlt, distance-based 'wort, and is wA stated for mature, •working sta- 
7 : 7 1 ■ 

Master of Education degree (M.Ed.) 

Ttii; i'-.7;i;7 1 1 77_777 : 7. 7717777777 inclifoes both initial HceasuTe and 
advanced degree options. These programs are designed for prcs peenre 

1:.7717:75 17_771_ _ 7:7.5 -7; 77.7 licensed TffflCDerS 777"7717;7 7;~;; . 7717 ale 
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choose to ryilrml course mock berond the tfpacal program completion period- 



Baccalaureate Degrees 



GdEk^e ^sgrae. Tht Academic Deao ms^ a^o^c an esEepskm m t 

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— - _: — ui': ~c tizn~-2 i: !■- ri^ ,:_r;r-- 

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Bachelor of Arts degree (B.A.) 

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Bachelor of Science degree (B.S.) 

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- 1 7. 

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7 77 : 77 



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aasts of 36 setnestet homrs (a twenty-four credit core and 



Master of Science in 

Occupational Therapy degree (M.S.O.T.) 

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HflBgji college academ ic catalog ■ 2005-OS • wwwimiirigan.edu 



academic programs 33 



General Education Requirements 

In order for students to meet the desired outcomes listed above, the follow- 
ing general education courses, in addition to courses in a major and, in some 
cases, a minor, are required for all Milligan College students: 

1. Old Testament Survey (BIBL 123), New Testament Survey (BIBL 124), 
and Christ and Culture (BIBL 471). (9 hrs total) 

2. Freshman Humanities (HUMN 101 and 102) and Sophomore 
Humanities (HUMN 201 and 202). (24 hrs total) 

Students must earn a C- or better in HUMN 101W (beginning fall 
semester 2003) in order to advance to HUMN 202W and to meet the 
writing requirements for graduation. At the writing professor's discre- 
tion, students with more severe writing difficulties may be required also 
to complete successfully (i.e., pass with a C- or better) HUMN 093 
when repeating HUMN 101W 

Students must also pass HUMN 202W (D- or better) in order to com- 
plete the writing requirements for graduation. 

3. Introduction to College and Calling (PSYC 100). (1 hr total) 

4. Fitness for Life (HPXS 101) and one additional hour of activity (chosen 
from HPXS 151-205 and 208). (2 hrs total) 

5. Eight credit hours of laboratory science from biology, chemistry, 
physics, or kinesiology and biomechanics (HPXS 352). (8 hrs total) 

6. Six credit hours of social learning courses, to be selected from econom- 
ics, geography, political science, psychology, sociology, or LS 330 Famly 
Law, LS 340 Juvenile Justice, or LS 355 Criminal Law and Procedure. 

7. Three credit hours of ethnic studies, to be chosen from the following 
courses: History of Fiction Film (COMM 371); Global Political 
Economies (POLS 304); African-American Narrative Literature (ENGL 
362); Cultural and Ethnic Geography (GEOG 202); History of Islam 
(HIST 206); History of the Jews Since 70 A.D. (HIST 208); Seminar on 
Vietnam (HIST 480); Japanese Literature (HUMN 285); World Music 
(MUSC 150); Cross-Cultural Psychology (PSYC 356); Religions of the 
World (RELG/PHIL 350); Religion, Culture and Peoples of Africa 
(RELG/SOCL 440); Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (SOCL 
210); Latin American Cultures (SOCL 221); Race and Ethnic Relations 
(SOCL 314); Aspects of Intercultural Studies (SOCL 360); Civilization 
and Culture of Latin America (SPAN 402). (3 hrs total) 

Additional courses are included in this list as approved by the College. 
Students may also satisfy the ethnic studies requirement by successfully 
completing a semester abroad in one of the following programs: China 
Studies Program; Latin American Studies Program; Middle East Studies 
Program; Russian Studies Program; Uganda Studies Program. 



Outcomes 

The core curriculum for baccalaureate degrees at Milligan College is designed 
to provide students with a broad foundation for life-long learning and for 
further study in specific disciplines. Toward that end, students who complete 
the core curriculum should show evidence of the following with regard to 
their knowledge, skills, and attitudes: 

■ the ability to read texts critically, to discern their presuppositions and 
implications, and to evaluate intelligendy their effectiveness. 

■ the ability to recognize and appreciate different literary and artistic 
forms, to perceive how form and content are related, and to recognize 
the interconnections among academic disciplines. 

■ an abiding awareness of how the present is linked to the past through 
formative ideas and events of Western-and to a lesser degree of non- 
Western-civilizations. 

■ a broad and appreciative understanding of human beings and human 
life in global, local, and personal contexts. 

■ a knowledge of the content of the Bible, as well as an understanding of 
how historical, cultural, and social contexts affect the Bible's composi- 
tion, reception, interpretation, and lived application. 

■ the ability to write effectively, utilizing the conventions of standard writ- 
ten English. 

■ the ability to undertake basic academic research, employing a variety of 
learning resources and technologies. 

■ the ability to recognize the factors that influence human communication 
and to demonstrate this understanding by researching, preparing and 
delivering a variety of effective public speeches. 

■ the ability to think logically and reason effectively, utilizing scientific and 
mathematical methodologies to solve problems. 

■ for bachelor of arts candidates, an intermediate proficiency in a modern 
language other than one's native language, or translation skill in an 
ancient language. 

■ the ability to perform a variety of physical activities, to incorporate 
those skills into a physically active lifestyle, and to understand and 
appreciate the benefits of that lifestyle. 



8. Speech Communication (COMM 102 or an acceptable substitute). (3 hrs 
total) 

9. Three credit hours of mathematics. (3 hrs total) 

10. For bachelor of arts students, foreign language competency through the 
intermediate level. (6-12 hrs total) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



34 academic programs 



Computer Literacy Requirement 

Graduates of MiUigan College degree programs must demonstrate competen- 
cy in the basic use of computers, including basic operating system skills, word 
processing, e-mail, and library and research skills. 

First-rime students must complete the computer literacy and library assign- 
ments in Psychology 100 with 65% accuracy. Students who do not complete 
the assignments with 65° o accuracy must enroll in CIS 2~5 Computer 
Applications before graduation. This course must be completed with 65% 
accuracy or the course must be repeated. 

Transfer students who have not completed a computer literacy course at 
another institution may complete the computer competency exam during new 
student orientation. Students will be informed of this option at the time their 
transcripts are evaluated. Students who do not complete the computer com- 
petency exam during new student orientation with 65% accuracy must enroll 
in and successfully complete a course with a significant computer component 
approved by the Registrar's Office before graduation. 

Adult degree completion program (ADCP) students with a major in business 
administration must complete CIS 275B Computer Applications. This course 
must be completed with 65% accuracy or the course must be repeated. 

Applicants to the blaster of Business Adm ini stration program must have 
prior academic work in computers and/or computer applications or, alterna- 
tively, must demonstrate competency as determined by the M.BA. admissions 
committee. Such competency may be determined by the nature of an appli- 
cant's work experience. Further, M.BA, students complete individual assign- 
ments as well as group projects and presentations throughout the program 
that require extensive use of computer technology. The M.BA. faculty evalu- 
ates these assignments, defining successful completion as an overall grade of 
80%. Additionally, because of the extensive use of computer technology, 
including internet-based activities, successful completion of the degree pro- 
gram inherently requires a high level of computer literacy. 

Master of Education students will complete assignments in EDUC 51 1 and 
EDUC 512 with 70% accuracy. Successful completion of EDUC 511 and 
EDUC 512 are required for graduation. 

Master of Science in Occupational Therapy students are required to use com- 
puter technology to complete a research project The research portion of the 
curriculum includes the courses OT 580, OT 680, OT 685 and OT 780. 
M.S.O.T. students are required to provide computerized presentations in other 
core OT courses. Students must achieve a 3.0 grade point average for gradua- 
tion. 



Developmental Studies 

The developmental studies classes in mathematics, writing, and study skills 
give students the opportunity to develop more proficiency in these areas and 
increase their chances for success in college course work. Applicants with 
ACT scores of below 19 in math or with SAT numerical scores of 440 or 
below are requited to take Developmental Math. Students with no ACT or 
SAT scores and with no college level (not developmental) math credit with a 
grade of C- or above must take a math competency test to assess their need 
for developmental math. 



Applicants with ACT scores of 20 or below in English or SAT verbal scores 
of 490 or below will be preregistered for Fundamental College Writing during 
their first semester. Each student's placement in Fundamental College Writing 
will be confirmed or canceled after the writing staff has evaluated an essay 
written by the student during orientation. Transfer students, international stu- 
dents, and any students with no ACT or SAT scores are evaluated for 
Fundamental College Writing on the basis of a writing sample completed dur- 
ing orientation. 

A student whose first semester performance in freshman humanities indicates 
a need for assistance may be placed in College Reading and Study Skills 
and/or Fundamental College Writing the following semester on the recom- 
mendation of the student's humanities section leader or writing instructor. 

Students placed in College Reading and Study Skills and Fundamental College 
Writing cannot withdraw from these courses However, upon demonstrating 
the ability to do 'A," "B," or "C" work consistendy in humanities courses 
being taken at the same time, a student may be excused at midterm bv the 
instructor from completing either College Reading and Study Skills or 
Fundamental College Writing and receive credit for the course. Upon satisfac- 
tory performance on the math competency exam given at the beginning of 
the semester or upon instructor approval a student may withdraw from 
Developmental Math. 

A minimal grade of "C-" is required to pass developmental studies courses. 
Failure to pass a developmental studies course requires that the student retake 
the course unless otherwise determined by the developmental studies profes- 
sor. 

■ Mathematics - see MATH 090 

■ College Reading and Study Skills - see HUMN 091 

■ Fundamental College Writing - see HUMN 093 

These hours do not count toward the 128 hours required for a degree but are 
included in the student's GPA. 

Students transferring composition credits must prepare a writing sam- 
ple during new student orientation to determine level of writing com- 
petency and any need for additional basic writing instruction. 



Tutoring 



Students may sign up to work with a tutor — another student at MiUigan who 
has been through a particular course successfully and now offers assistance to 
others in that course. Tutors are available for a variety of subjects, including 
but not limited to Bible and Humanities Milligan provides tutoring services at 
no cost to the student Contact the Office of Student Success at any rime to 
sign up for tutoring services. 



Applicants with ACT scores of 20 or below in English or Reading or with 
SAT verbal scores of 490 or below are required to take College Reading and 
Study Skills their first semester. Such applicants with ACT scores of 19 or 20 
in English and Reading or with SAT Verbal score of 460-490 and a high 
school cumulative g.p.a. of 3.5 or above are exempted from the requirement 
to register for College Reading and Study Skills. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • vAvw.milligan.edu 



academic programs 35 



Co-operative Programs 

Co-operative programs enable students to enjoy the advantages of other col- 
leges or programs. Further information may be obtained by contacting the 
registrar. 

East Tennessee State University and 
Emmanuel School of Religion 

Under certain circumstances and with prior approval, Milligan College stu- 
dents who wish to enroll in courses not available at Milligan College may do 
so at East Tennessee State University and Emmanuel School of Religion. 
Generally, courses available under the co-op program must be required for a 
major or an approved course of study and must not be available in Milligan's 
course schedule in a reasonable period of time. Prior approval is required. 

Courses taken under the co-op program are considered part of the Milligan 
program and will receive Milligan grades; the tuition for these courses is part 
of the Milligan tuition. 

Students will be responsible for providing their own transportation to and 
from the other institution. See the Assistant Registrar for details about this 
program. 

ROTC 

Milligan College students are eligible to participate in the Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program through East Tennessee State University. Interested 
persons should contact the Office of the Registrar for further information. 



Off-Campus Programs 



In the case of each of the following off-campus programs, students arrange 
their courses of study by mutual consent, paying to their own institutions the 
published fees for participating in the program. 

Council for Christian Colleges & Universities 

The Council for Christian Colleges *& Universities (CCCU), an association of 105 
campuses in the United States and Canada, offers the following semester and 
summer programs to students of its member institutions. The programs offer 
a unique opportunity for students to make the world their classroom, going 
beyond the confines of the traditional classroom. These interdisciplinary 
learning opportunities are available to upperclass students. For further infor- 
mation, contact the Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs and 
Dean. 

American Studies Program (ASP) 

Founded in 1976, the American Studies Program has served hundreds of stu- 
dents from member institutions as a "Washington, D.C. campus." ASP uses 
Washington as a stimulating educational laboratory where collegians gain 
hands-on experience with an internship in their chosen field. Internships are 
tailored to fit the student's talents and aspirations and are available in a wide 
range of fields. They also explore pressing national and international issues in 
public policy seminars which are issue-oriented, interdisciplinary, and led by 
ASP faculty and Washington professionals. ASP bridges classroom and mar- 
ketplace, combining biblical reflection, policy analysis, and real-world experi- 
ence. Students are exposed to on-the-job learning that helps them build for 
their future and gain perspective on the calling of God for their lives. They 
are challenged in a rigorous course of study to discover for themselves the 
meaning of Christ's lordship in putting their beliefs into practice. The aim of 
the program is to help Council schools prepare their students to live faithfully 
in contemporary society as followers of Christ. Students earn 1 6 semester 
hours of credit. 



Australia Studies Centre (ASC) 

The ASC offers students a semester at the Wesley Institute in Sydney, 
Australia, where they can explore their artistic talents through Wesley 
Institute's outstanding division of Ministry & the Arts. Faculty trained and 
working in the professional performing arts scene in Sydney will guide stu 
dents in their thinking through the Christian's role in culture, whether classi- 
cal or pop culture. The ASC utilizes a combination of classroom training at 
the Wesley Institute and experiential learning in the beautiful Australian con- 
text. Home stays, service learning, and travel around Australia are important 
components of the ASC. Students will examine the many faces of Australia. 
They will observe its beautiful landscape, live in the cosmopolitan melting pot 
of Sydney, serve the poor of Sydney's multi-cultural ghettos, engage the polit- 
ical capital Canberra and its power players, and come to know the traditions 
of Aborigines. ASC students participate in the core experiental course and 
choose the remainder of their credits from Wesley Institute's arts and min- 
istry courses. ASC students receive up to 16 hours of credit. 

China Studies Program (CSP) 

The China Studies Program enables students to engage this large and intrigu- 
ing country from the inside. While living and experiencing Chinese civiliza- 
tion firsthand, students participate in seminar courses on the historical, cul- 
tural, religious, geographical, and economic realities of this strategic and pop- 
ulous nation. In addition to the study of standard Chinese, students will be 
given such opportunities as assisting Chinese students learning English or 
working in an orphanage, allowing for one-on-one interaction. The program 
introduces students to the diversity of China, including Hong Kong, Beijing, 
Shanghai, and Xi'an. This interdisciplinary, cross-cultural program enables 
Christian students to deal with this increasingly important part of the world 
in an informed, Christ-centered way. Students earn 16 semester hours of 
credit. 

Contemporary Music Center (CMC) 

The Contemporary Music Center provides students the opportunity to live 
and work in community while seeking to understand how God will have them 
integrate music, faith, and business. Both interdisciplinary and multidiscipli- 
nary in nature, the CMP offers two tracts: the Artist Track and the Executive 
Track. The Artist Track is tailored to students considering careers as vocalists, 
musicians, songwriters, recording artists, performers, producers, and record- 
ing engineers. The Executive Track is designed for business, arts manage- 
ment, marketing, communications, and other majors interested in possible 
careers as artist managers, agents, record company executives, music publish- 
ers, concert promoters, and entertainment industry entrepreneurs. Both Artist 
and Executive track students receive instruction, experience, and uniquely 
Christian perspective on creativity and the marketplace, while working togeth- 
er to create and market a recording of original music. Both tracks include 
course work, labs, directed study, and practicum. Students earn 16 semester 
hours of credit. 

Latin American Studies Program (LASP) 

Students of CCCU colleges have the opportunity to live and learn in Latin 
America through the Latin American Studies Program, based in San Jose, 
Costa Rica. The program introduces students to a wide range of experiences 
through the study of language, literature, culture, politics, history, economics, 
ecology, and religion of the region. Living with a Costa Rican family, students 
experience and become a part of the day-to-day lives of typical Latin 
Americans. Students also take part in a service opportunity and travel for 
three weeks to nearby Central American nations. Students participate in one 
of four concentrations: Latin American Studies (offered both fall and spring 
terms); Advanced Language and Literature (limited to Spanish majors and 
offered both fall and spring terms); International Business and Management 
(offered only in the fall term); and Tropical Sciences (offered only during 
spring terms). Students in all concentrations earn 16 semester hours of credit. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



36 academic programs 



Los Angeles Film Studies Center (LAFSC) 

The Los Angeles Film Studies Center is designed to train students of Council 
institutions to serve in various aspects of the film industry with both profes- 
sional skill and Christian integrity. Students live, learn, and work in the LA 
area near major studios. The curriculum consists of two required seminars 
focusing on the role of film in culture and the relationship of faith to work in 
this verv influential industrv. In addition, students choose two elective courses 
from a varietv of offerings in film studies. Internships in various segments of 
the film industrv provide students with hands-on experience. The combina- 
tion of the internship and seminars allows students to explore the film indus- 
trv with a Christian context and from a liberal arts perspective. Students earn 
16 semester hours of credit- 
Middle East Studies Program (MESP) 

This program, based in Cairo, Egypt, allows Council students to explore and 
interact with the complex and strategic world of the modern Middle East. 
The interdiscdplinarv seminars give students the opportunity to explore the 
diverse religious, social, cultural, and political traditions of Middle Eastern 
people. In addition to seminars, students study the Arabic language and work 
as volunteers with various organizations in Cairo. Through travel to Israel, 
Palestine, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey, students are exposed to the diversity and 
dynamism of the region. MESP encourages and equips students to relate to 
the Muslim world in an informed, 'constructive, and Christ-centered manner 
at a time of tension and change. Students earn 16 semester hours of credit. 

Russian Studies Program (RSP) 

RSP students are exposed to the depth and diversitv of the culture during a 
semester spent in Russia's three largest cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg, and 
Xizhnii Novgorod. In addition to three seminar courses entitled History and 
Sociology of Religion in Russia; Russian Peoples, Cultures, and Literature; and 
Russia in Transition, students receive instruction in the Russian language, 
choosing either four or six semester hours of language course work. For 
those choosing four hours of Russian, a seminar course, International 
Relations and Business in Russia, is available. RSP strives to give students as 
wide an experience as possible in this complex nation, beginning with rime in 
Moscow, the heart of both medieval and modern Russia. Students then spend 
12 weeks in Xizhnii Novgorod, a strategic city on the Volga River. After six 
weeks of language instruction, students live with a Russian familv for the 
remainder of their stay in this citv. Students also participate in a service 
opportunitv in Xizhnii Novgorod. The program concludes with rime in the 
complex and intriguing cdtv of St. Petersburg, the Russian "window to the 
West.'" Students earn 16 semester hours of credit. 

The Scholars' Semester in Oxford (SSO) 

SSO is designed for students interested in doing intensive scholarship in this 
historic seat of learning. Working with academic tutors, students hone their 
skills and delve into the areas that interest them most. As Visiting Students of 
Oxford University and members of Wycliffe Hall, students have the privilege 
to study and learn in one of the university's historic halls. SSO students enroll 
in a Primary and Secondarv Tutorial, an Integrative Seminar, and are required 
to attend two series of lectures. The SSO is designed for students interested 
in the fields of theology, biblical studies, education, science, pre-med, psychol- 
ogy, business, and the humanities. Applicants are generally honors and other 
very high-achieving students. Students earn l - semester hours of credit. 

Uganda Studies Program (USP) 

Winston Churchill is credited with nicknaming Uganda the "Pearl of Africa," 
and many visitors since his time have come to agree with him. The L~SP 
offers students a very personal encounter with this African success story, 
which has become an economic and public health model in its region. 
Another success story, Uganda Christian Unfversitv (UCU), serves as the base 
of study for students in the USP. Set on the outskirts of the capital city 
Kampala, this rapidly growing institution brings USP students together with 
the UCU Honours College. Courses taught bv local facultv in the English 
tutorial tradition will immerse students in a uniquely African education. 



Topics such as Christianity and Islam in Contemporary Africa, African 
Literature, and African History will present many insights into African life 
because of the guidance of faculty who live in and love Uganda and East 
Africa. Home stavs, travel, service learning, and daily interaction with 
Honours College students form the backbone of the USP experience. In 
addition to the core experiential course, students will choose from an 
approved selection of courses from the UCU Honours College to earn up to 
16 semester hours of credit. 

Oxford Summer Programme (OSP) 

The Oxford Summer Programme (OSP) is a program of the CCCU and 
Wvcliffe Hall, Oxford. The program is designed for students wishing to gain a 
more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between Christianity 
and the development of the West and who wish to do specialized work under 
expert Oxford academics in the areas of history, religious studies, political 
theorv, philosophy, English, and history of science. The Programme is struc- 
tured for rising college sophomores, juniors, seniors, graduate and seminary 
students, non-traditional students, teachers, and those enrolled in continuing- 
education programs. 

Summer Institute of Journalism (SIJ) 

Council campuses are invited to choose two student journalists to apply for 
this four-week, all-expenses-paid experience in Washington, D.C. Fifteen stu- 
dents are selected to participate in the Institute, which lasts from mid-May to 
mid-June. The institute blends classroom experience with hands-on work and 
provides an excellent opportunity to learn through lectures and panels with 
leading journalists who share a strong Christian commitment. Students also 
participate in seminars taught by communications professors from Council 
member institutions, take part in field trips, and complete workshop projects 
for hometown newspapers. SIJ provides valuable insight and training in gath- 
ering and writing news, editing copy, and designing layout. The Institute 
develops students as Christian journalists-exhibiting both professionalism and 
legal/ethical integrity. Students earn 4 semester hours of credit 

The following program is endorsed bv the CCCU. Students participating in 
this program apply for admission and pay their fees directly to the program, 
via the designated progrmam coordinator. 

International Business Institute (IBI) 

Students pursuing a major in business administration may select an emphasis 
in international business by participating in a ten-week academic program 
abroad through Milligan's affiliation with the International Business Institute 
(endorsed bv the CCCU). Completion of this emphasis requires the student 
to attend the Institute during a summer session following completion of the 
required core courses at Milligan College. A student's course of study can 
often be designed so that graduation is possible following seven semesters of 
study at Milligan College in addition to the summer Institute. Students pursu- 
ing the international business emphasis are strongly encouraged to demon- 
strate competency in a foreign language through, at least, the intermediate 
level. Participation in the IBI includes the following required courses: 
BADM 339 Global Marketing (3 hrs) 

BADM 390 Global Business Management and Strategy (3 hrs) 
ECOX 331 Comparative Economic Systems (3 hrs) 
ECOX 350 International Trade and Finance (3 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



programs, majors and minors 37 



Programs, majors and minors 





Major 


Minor 


B.A. 


B.S. B.S.N. Grad 


Accounting 




X 








Applied Finance and Accounting 


X 




X 


X 




Art (see Fine Arts) 


X 


X 


X 






Bible 


X 


X 


X 






Biology 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Business Administration 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Chemistry 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Children's Ministry 




X 








Christian Ministry 




X 








Coaching 




X 








Communications 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Computer Information Systems 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Early Childhood Development 


X 




X 


X 




Economics 




X 








Education 










X 


English 


X 


X 


X 






Exercise Science 




X 








Film Studies 




X 








Fine Arts 


X 




X 






Fitness and Wellness 




X 








French 




X 








General Science 




X 








Greek 




X 








Health Care Administration 




X 








History 


X 


X 


X 






Human Performance 
& Exercise Science 


X 




X 


X 




Humanities 


X 




X 






Language Arts 


X 




X 






Legal Studies 




X 








Mathematics 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Missions 




X 








Music (General Music Studies) 


X 


X 


X 






Music Education 


X 




X 






Music (see Fine Arts) 


X 




X 






Nursing 


X 








X 


Occupational Therapy 










X 


Philosophy 




X 








Photography (see Fine Arts) 


X 


X 


X 






Physical Education 




X 








Physical Science 




X 








Political Science 




X 








Psychology 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Public Leadership and Service 


X 




X 






Sociology 


X 


X 


X 


X 




Spanish 




X 








Theatre Arts (see Fine Arts) 


X 


X 


X 






Worship Leadership 


X 




X 






Worship Ministry 




X 









Majors 

As students progress toward the baccalaureate 
degree, they select a major from the following: 
Applied Finance and Accounting, Bible, Biology, 
Business Administration, Chemistry, 
Communications, Computer Information Systems, 
Early Childhood Development, English, Fine Arts, 
History, Human Performance and Exercise Science, 
Humanities, Language Arts, Mathematics, Music 
(General Music Studies), Music Education, Nursing, 
Psychology, Public Leadership and Service, 
Sociology, and Worship Leadership. Professional 
teaching licensure is available in several fields and at 
both baccalaureate and graduate levels. A student 
may declare as a major only those majors that are 
available at Milligan College or available through 
one of the established cooperative agreements. 



Minors 

Except in the case of a few majors, students are 
not required to select a minor. Eields of minor con- 
centration vary from eighteen to twenty-four hours 
in the number of semester hours credit required. 
Hours counted toward a major may not be counted 
also toward a minor or a second major. 

Minors are available in Accounting, Art, Bible, 
Biology, Business Administration, Chemistry, 
Children's Ministry, Christian Ministry, Coaching, 
Communications, Computer Information Systems, 
Economics, English, Exercise Science, Film Studies, 
Fitness and Wellness, French, General Science, 
Greek, Health Care Administration, History-, Legal 
Studies, Mathematics, Missions, Music (General 
Music Studies), Philosophv, Photography, Physical 
Education, Physical Science, Political Science, 
Psychology, Sociology-, Spanish, Theatre Arts, 
Worship Ministry, and Youth Ministry. 

A transfer student must take at least one-third of 
the hours in the major field of study at Milligan 
College. 



Youth Ministry 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



38 programs, majors and minors 



Majors and Minors by Area 



Biblical Learning (R. David Roberts, Area Chair) 

Majors 

Bible 

with emphases is Children's Ministry, General Studies, Missions, 
Paste r^ ! Imfe ay; Youth "N fj^- • try 



Minors 



_ ~_?tr" 



1 lr;;ons 

"Worship Ministry 
Youth Ministry 



BUSinGSS fWilliam B. Greer. Area Chair) 

Majors 



Business Adrmnist 



:: _-"-_- 



srith emphases in Acce-unring, Economics, General, Health Care 

Vrjnaa -— qrinn International Business, Legal Studies, Management, 
Marketing. Sports \ -znagement 



NurSing (Melinda K. Collins, Area Chair and Director) 

Major 

N_rsing 
OCCUpatiOnal Therapy (Christy Isbell. Area Chair & Dir.) 

Master's 

:er of Science in Occupational Therapy 



Performing, Visual, and 

CommUniCatiVe ArtS (Richard Major, Area Chair) 

Majors 

Crvrrvrrmnirvtinns. 

■with emphases in Broadcasting, Digital Media Studies, Film 
Studies, Journalism, Public Relations 
Fine Arts 

■with emphases in Art, Music, Photography, Theatre 

Music (General Music Studies) 

■with emphases in Applied Study and Jazz Studies 



Minors 

Accountirsg 


- : - -MZ5 


-Music fiducanon 

yrith emphases in Vocal and Instrumental 


Biisiness Administration 


Health Care Administration 


Minors 

Art 




Computer Information Systems 


Legal Studies 


Music 'General Music Studies) 


Master's 




Communications 


Photography 


V- ;:*-: :: B - :-— r== '- : ~ ~ >~ •- :r. 




Film Studies 


Theatre Arts 



EClUCatiOn iBeverty 1_ Schmalzried, Area Chair) 

Majors 



Bxerdit izztzzzt. ~F.—c~i - rss, Physical 



ti— es; _-i .'■ tllr.tss 
Physical Education 



zzzzzz- " 

Minors 

Master's 



HUmane Learning (Jack 1_ Knowles, Area Chair) 

Majors 

»fish 

~- ST.ZIZIZI t'r 

L_r.r_i;; Arc 



Minors 

rrtzzzr. 
Sreek 



Philosophy 



Scientific Learning (Diane Junker, Area Chair) 

Majors 

B logy 

Chemistry 

^Mathematics 

Minors 

Biology Mathematics 

Chemistrr Physical Science 

General Science 



SOCial Learning (Susan a Higgins. Area Chair) 

Majors 

History 

Psychology 

Public Leadership and Seryice 

Sociology 

Minors 

History 

Political Science 
Psychology 
Sociology 



mHlkjan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



accounting 39 



Accounting 

Area of Business 

Milligan College offers an applied finance and accounting major (B.A. or 
B.S. degree) and an accounting minor. These programs support the fol- 
lowing goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
social sciences, and to understand a significant body of material in their 
major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 
resources and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career or 
profession. 

Courses in finance, economics, and accounting are designed to prepare the 
student for careers in finance, public accounting, corporate and managerial 
accounting (controllership), and related enterprise and institutional manage- 
ment areas. Basic skills are learned and practiced and higher-level finance and 
accounting concepts and principles are acquired through problem-oriented 
courses in each of the discipline areas. The use of finance and accounting as 
managerial tools is emphasized. 

Graduates with a major in applied finance and accounting are expected to: (1) 
possess broad finance, accounting and business knowledge as well as mastery 
of the technical knowledge of finance and accounting in order to serve the 
organizations in which they work; (2) be well prepared to find ready employ- 
ment in the field; (3) possess the ability to apply computer and information 
technology to solve real-world finance, accounting and business problems; (4) 
have acquired leadership and management skills that are necessary for the 
successful planning, implementation, and control of the business enterprise, 
all rooted in a foundation of ethical and moral principles. 

Students planning to become certified public accountants should be aware 
that many states have made substantial changes in their educational require- 
ments for persons desiring a CPA Certificate. These requirements vary in 
their specific requirements from state to state but must be met before the 
applicant's first sitting for the Uniform CPA Examination. Students should 
check the exact requirements for the particular state in which they intend to 
seek certification. For example, the State of Tennessee requires a total of 150 
semester hours, which is an additional 22 semester hours beyond the 128 
needed for a bachelor's degree at Milligan College. Students intending to 
become certified public accountants are encouraged to consult with their 
advisers early in their college career. 



Applied Finance and Accounting 
major - B.A. or B.S. (33 hrs) 

In addition to specific courses required in the major, the student must com- 
plete MATH 213, which meets the math requirement in the general education 
requirements, and CIS 275. A grade point average of 2.25 is required in the 
major. 

ACCT211 and 212 Introductory Accounting I and II (6 hrs) 

ACCT 301 and 302 Intermediate Accounting I and II (6 hrs) 

ACCT 31 1 Cost Accounting (3 hrs) 

ACCT 41 2 Federal Income Taxation (3 hrs) 

ECON 201 Macroeconomic Principles and 202 Microeconomic 

Principles (6 hrs) 
ECON 301 Corporate Finance (3 hrs) 
ECON 401 Advanced Topics in Corporate Finance (3 hrs) 
ECON or ACCT electives at the 300 or 400 level (3 hrs) 

The B.A. requires a foreign language through the intermediate level. 



Accounting minor (24 hours) 

ECON 201 Macroeconomic Principles and 202 Microeconomic 

Principles (6 hrs) 
ACCT 211 and 212 Introductory Accounting I and II (6 hrs) 
ACCT 301 and 302 Intermediate Accounting I and II (6 hrs) 
ACCT electives at the 300 or 400 level (6 hrs) 

Business administration majors with an accounting minor are required to take 
12 hours of business electives in place of ECON 201 and 202 and ACCT 21 1 
and 212. 



Course Descriptions 

ACCT 211. Introductory Accounting I - An introduction to the principles 
and the practice of accounting. Coverage is given to the fundamentals of 
recording, summarizing, analyzing, and reporting financial information in 
accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Although all busi- 
ness entities are discussed, the primary focus is the accounting system of the 
sole proprietorship. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 212. Introductory Accounting II - A continuation of the fundamen- 
tals of the principles of accounting. Coverage begins with partnerships and 
corporations and the accounting issues related to these entities. Attention is 
then given to the fundamentals of managerial accounting principles and sys- 
tems, with an emphasis on recording, reporting, analysis, and decision-making. 
Prerequisite: ACCT 21 1 . Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 



ACCT 301. Intermediate Accounting I - An in-depth study of financial 
accounting topics as well as recent developments in accounting valuation and 
reporting practices. Detailed attention is provided to recording, reporting, and 
disclosure of financial information. Emphasis is primarily given to statements 
of income and retained earnings and the asset accounts of the balance sheet. 
Prerequisite: ACCT 212. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 302. Intermediate Accounting II - A continuation of the in-depth 
study of financial accounting topics. Emphasis is given to liabilities and stock- 
holders equity accounts of the balance sheet and the statement of cash flows. 
Also covered are the topics of: earnings per share, investments, income taxes, 
pensions and other retirement benefits, leases, accounting changes, and error 
analysis. Prerequisite: ACCT 301. Offered spring term each year. Three 
semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



40 art 



ACCT 311. Cost Accounting - A study of the use of accounting informa- 
tion for managerial decisions with emphasis on the role of the controller and 
the "P lanning and Control" techniques used in modern industrial and com- 
mercial organizations. Prerequisite; ACCT 212. Offered spring term alternate 
Years. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 312. Auditing I - A study of the concepts and standards of inde- 
pendent auditing 'with an emphasis on the decision-making process. The 
overall audit plan and program is presented with regard to: professional ethi- 
cal and legal responsibilities, audit and other attestation reports, planning and 
documentation, evidence, materiality, and internal control. Prerequisite: 
ACCT 212. Offered fall term alternate Years. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 313. Auditing II - A continuation of the study of the concepts and 
standards of independent auditing with a primary emphasis on the detailed 
application of the audit process to financial statement cycles. Attention is 
given to the types and application of audit tests needed for evidence gather- 
ing purposes and completion of the audit process. Prerequisite: ACCT 312. 
Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 315. Not-For-Profit Accounting - A studv of accounting principles 
and techniques uniquelv applicable to the public and not-for-profit sectors of 
economic organizations. This course includes the principles of '"Tund 
Accounting" as well as controllership techniques utilized in managing not-for- 
profit and governmental institutions. Prerequisite: ACCT 212. Offered spring 
term alternate Years. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 411. Federal Income Taxation - A studv of the U.S. income taxation 
and return preparation of individuals. This course focuses on the concepts of 
inclusions and exclusions of gross income, exemptions, personal and business 
deductions, losses, and cost recovery as they are applied to individuals. 
Prerequisite: ACCT 212. Offered fall term alternate Years. Three semester 
hours. 

ACCT 412. Federal Income Taxation - A study of the U.S. income taxa- 
tion of corporations, partnerships, trusts, and estates as well as the U.S. estate 
and gift taxation. Emphasis is given to the tax consequences of the formation 
and operation of those entities. Prerequisite: ACCT 41 1. Offered spring term 
alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 415. Advanced Accounting: Theory - A continuation of the study 
of the principles of accounting with emphasis on the more complex account- 
ing environment. This includes such areas as business combinations, bank- 
ruptcies and other liquidations, intercompany transactions, segment reporting 
and accounting and reporting for the Securities and Exchange Commission. 
Prerequisite: ACCT 302. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 416. Advanced Accounting: Problems - A study to prepare the stu- 
dent to handle complex accounting problems of the type that frequendy 
appear on the CPA exam. While the course is primarily oriented to the stu- 
dent planning to go into public accounting it also has substantial value for 
the student interested in large company controllership. Prerequisite: ACCT 
415. Three semester hours. 

ACCT 491. Internship - A practicum experience, which involves the student 
in a supervised position in business for the dual purpose of learning about 
accounting and possible occupational choices. Prerequisite: consent of major 
professor. Offered every term. One to six semester hours. 



Art 



Area of Performing, Visual, and Communicative Arts 

Fine Arts major - B.A. (37 hrs) 

Art emphasis 

Milligan College offers a fine fine arts major with an art emphasis. For farther 
information on the fine arts major, refer to the information under the listing 
for fine arts major. 



Art minor (18 hrs) 

The art minor fits well with numerous majors, including but not limited to 
Bible, business administration, communications, humanities, and psychology. 
The studv of art may serve to foster students' avocational interests as well as 
to prepare them for more concentrated art studies in the future. 

Three hours from HUMN 101, 102, 201, and 202 (or an equivalent 

approved bv the registrar) 

ART 250 Drawing I (3 hrs) 

ART 251 Painting I (3 hrs) 

ART 367 Art History (3 hrs) 

Studio art or photography courses (6 hrs) 



Course Descriptions 



ART 110. Design Fundamentals - An introductory course designed to 
strengthen visual problem-solving, color awareness, use of value, and compo- 
sition skills. Students will work in a variety of media (2D and 3D) on a series 
of projects that promote the above-mentioned skills, in the context of study- 
ing kev works of art by artists of historical significance. Offered fall term 
each year. Three semester hours. 

ART 237. Basic Photography - An introduction to the 35mm camera and 
basic darkroom procedures. Students develop confidence in picture-taking 
and picture-printing procedures. Offered even- term. Three semester hours. 

ART 250. Drawing I - A drawing fundamentals class that is a requirement 
for the fine arts major (art emphasis) but is also appropriate for non-art 
majors. Emphases include contour, gesture, and light and shade techniques as 
well as media drawing. Subject matter includes the human figure, landscape, 
and still life as well as drawing from the imagination. Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

ART 251. Painting I - A course at the beginning level for fine arts (art) 
majors and non-art majors. Emphases include color mixing, paint application 
techniques, knowledge of materials, and historical and contemporary 
approaches. Subject matter and projects vary from figure and still life to 
abstraction of non-figurative assignments. Offered spring term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

ART 252. Watercolor Workshop - A study in watercolor methods, concepts, 
and approaches related to the medium of watercolor, its practice, and its his- 
tory. The course is designed so those students with litde or no experience 
should feel comfortable alongside students who already possess some skills 
and understanding of the medium. Offered fall term even years. Three 
semester hours. 



ART 253. Introduction to Ceramics - An introductory course in the 
art/craft of ceramics. The emphasis is on hand-built ceramics with the added 
potential for students to gain some knowledge of wheel-thrown techniques. 
Offered fall term odd vears. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



art 41 



ART 310. Intermediate Photography - An opportunity for students to 
expand their understanding of techniques and ideas presented in Basic 
Photography. Emphasis is placed on personal interpretation and visual com- 
munication. Prerequisite: ART 237. Offered every term. Three semester 
hours. 

ART 312. Introduction to Color Photography - An introduction to basic 
color materials and skills. Students learn color-printing processes. Aesthetics 
and technique are integrated throughout the course in hands-on prindng ses- 
sions, critiques of student work, and lectures on color photography. 
Prerequisites: ART 237 and 310. Offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

ART 337. Photojournalism - An examination of photographic visual princi- 
ples to help students see the photograph as a medium of communication. 
Prerequisite: ART 237. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

ART 350. Drawing II - A course that builds on skills developed in Drawing 
I. Composition and creative problem solving are stressed within the context 
of assignments that allow students to explore multiple approaches to a few 
select themes. Color drawing media are also emphasized. Offered fall term 
odd years. Three semester hours. 

ART 351. Painting II - A course designed to allow students who have devel- 
oped a basic understanding of color and painting techniques from Painting I 
to focus on a more personal direction in terms of content and choice of 
media as agreed on between student and instructor. Offered spring term each 
\ ear. Three semester hours. 

ART 366. History of Photography - An overview of the history of pho- 
tography from its beginning to present day. Slide lectures and class discus- 
sions examine the work of major photographers through the framework of 
historical, cultural, and social trends. Offered spring term odd years. Three 
semester hours. 

ART 367. Art History - An in-depth study of nineteenth and twentieth cen- 
tury art. This course alternates between a European and an American empha- 
sis depending on the semester/year in which it is offered. Topics include 
painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, and cross-discipline arts. 
Offered fall term even years. Three semester hours. 

ART 400. Field Studies in Fine Arts - A study tour to a selected city in the 
United States for the purpose of studying various aspects of the fine arts, 
notably art, photography, and theatre. A tour leader arranges visits to galleries 
and theatres. Specific reading assignments are completed before the trip, and a 
written project is submitted after the trip. Offered spring term each year. One 
semester hour. 



ART 431. Sculpture Studio - An introductory course in three-dimensional 
problem-solving. Students work in a variety of materials as a means of under- 
standing basic approaches to sculptural design through projects that range 
from the human figure to non-figurative forms. Offered spring term odd 
years. Three semester hours. 

ART 437. Advanced Black and White/Color - An advanced approach to 
black and white and/or color printing techniques. Emphasis is placed on 
establishing a personal style and creating a strong body of work. The student 
explores further the medium of photography through the use of small, medi- 
um, and/or large format cameras. Various photographers are studied, and 
several critiques are held throughout the semester. Prerequisites: ART 237, 
310, and 312. Offered as needed. Three semester hours. 

ART 441. Fine Arts Methods - A study of art, music, and storytelling strate- 
gies and techniques useful to the teacher of children, birth through early ado- 
lescence. Enrollment is limited to students admitted to the professional level 
of the teacher education program. Offered spring term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

ART 453. Digital Imaging - An introduction to the basic design tools of 
Adobe Photoshop followed by the exploration of the depths of pixel based 
image manipulation and ending with a more advanced study of the world 
renowned industry standard software package. The course covers photo 
restoration, surreal image creation, web page/interface design and optimiza- 
tion, and artistic expression through digital media. Offered spring term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

ART 490. Directed Studies - Independent work for the junior or senior art 
or photography student in an area of the student's interest. The program is 
under the supervision of an art or photography professor. Offered every 
term. One to three semester hours. 

ART 494. Senior Exhibition - A course designed to allow graduating seniors 
an opportunity to present an exhibition of their artwork. The course also 
allows additional directed study and individualized instruction. Required of all 
students with a fine arts major and an emphasis in art or photography. The 
program is under the supervision of an art or photography professor. 
Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

ART 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Not offered every year. One to three semester hours. 



ART 411. Printmaking Studio - A course designed to allow students to 
explore relief printmaking (woodcut, linocut) as well as a limited number of 
intaglio techniques. Offered spring term even years. Three semester hours. 

ART 421. The Arts, Faith, and Culture - A practical exploration, investiga- 
tion, and discussion of what it means to be an artist and a Christian in an 
ever changing world. In addition to fine arts faculty, a selected number of 
guest lecturers will present insights into how the fine arts can be used in cre- 
ative expressions of worship as well as exploring the many challenges of 
being an artist and a Christian in today's society. Portfolio review, interviewing 
techniques, and a fine arts community service project are also components of 
the course. This is the senior fine arts major capstone course. Offered spring 
term every hear. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



42 Bible 



Bible 



Area of Biblical Learning 

Study of the Bible has been foundational to Milligan College since its incep- 
tion. As the mission statement of the College indicates, Bible stands at the 
cote of the "Christian woddview" that shapes all else about the College. The 
first two values affirmed in die mission statement ("A Positive, Personal 
Christian Faith That Tesus is Lord and Savior" and "A Commitment to 
Follow the Teachings of the Christian Scripture in One's Personal and Social 
Ethics") can only find reality in sincere study of the Bible. And because such 
study is demanding and stimulating, students enhance "The Capacity to 
Recognize and Assume Responsibility in Society" and appreciate "The 
Knowledge, Meaning, and Application of Sound Scholarship" in the Bible 
major However, Milligan College believes this serious study of scripture 
should always be connected with service (or "ministry' 1 ), and so each track in 
the Bible major is focused toward teaching, ministering, or serving others in 
some way. 

The Bible major aims partly to prepare people for leadership ministry in the 
church, this and other cultures, or to equip the student otherwise to under- 
stand and teach the content and meaning of scripture. The provision of spe- 
cific "tracks" within the major recognizes the desire and need for specializa- 
tion in focus for future service. Ministry of any emphasis or deeper academic 
study both need biblical and historical content, so the same core of essential 
courses is required for each track within the major. Specialization for particu- 
lar ministry then is provided through the requirements of those tracks and 
through choices for related electives. A wide diversity of options in the minis- 
terial and scholady fields can be pursued with this major Those seeking grad- 
uate education with the possibility of teaching Bible or religion courses will 
also find the general studies track most helpful, as those pursuing a ministry 
track will also find themselves well prepared for seminary study. And over the 
years Milligan graduates have been well prepared to serve ably in various 
fields of ministry. 

Milligan College expects those who graduate with Bible majors to: (1) be pre- 
pared for service in a church, whether in a professional leadership role or as a 
scholar and teacher of scripture; (2) those in ministry tracks be able to pre- 
pare and preach sermons or teach lessons that have solid scriptual content, 
and those in the general studies track be able to help others "righth" divide 
the word of truth"; (3) have a good foundation in biblical, church historical, 
and either practical or scholady studies for lifelong learning; (4) be equipped 
to pursue seminary or graduate education with a good preparation for that 
advanced study, (5) provide a good Christian example as a student of scrip- 
ture. Emphases of spiritual dependence upon God, solid academic study- 
including serious study of the Bible itself-and practices of both integritv and 
effectiveness highlight a Bible major from Milligan. 



Bible major - B.A. (37-39 hrs) 

The Bible major at Milligan — req uiring 3~ to 39 hours — leads to the B.A. 
degree, which requires intermediate proficiency in a foreign language. 
Language proficiency satisfies a general education requirement for students 
completing a BA. degree. The Bible faculty strongly recommends this lan- 
guage be Greek (or Hebrew, when available! for the best study of the Bible. 
[Xote: those pursuing the General Studies track are required to take a biblical 
language to satisfy the general education requirement] Anyone considering a 
major or minor in Bible is advised to take BIBL 123 and 124 immediateh" 
after enrolling. 

The Bible major consists of several components:, two of which are the same 
in all of the tracks: (1) a Bible core, and (2) a church history core. In addition 
each of the ministry-focused tracks (Le., Children's Ministry, Missions, 
Pastoral Ministry, or Youth Ministry) have (3) a Christian ministry core, and 
(4) courses specific to each track. 

Required core courses 
Bible (12 hrs) 

BIBL 201 Tesus in the Gospels (3 hrs) 

BIBL 211 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

3 hrs of Old Testament from BIBL 301, 304, 351, 352, 405, or 432 

3 hrs of New Testament from BIBL 202, 321, 322, 325, 411, 412, or 

452 
BIBL 295 (Seminar), 489 (Directed Readings), 490 (Directed Studies), 
and 495 (Seminar) may be suitable Old or Xew Testament elec- 
tives, depending on course content 

Church History (12 hrs) 

HIST 341 and 342 Church History (6 hrs) 

HIST 431 Reformation of the Nineteenth Century (3 hrs) 

3 hrs of electives chosen from HIST BIBL 323, HIST BIBL 343, 

HIST 352, 432, 495 (The Radical Reformation or Christ, Hider 

and Women) 

Christian Ministry (7 - 8 hrs) 

AH of the Ministry-focused tracks (Children's, Missions, Pastoral, and 

Youth) include: 
CMTX 250, 251, 252, 253 Practical Ministries 

CoUoquhim A - D (2 hrs) 
CMTX 2~3 Introduction to Ministry (3 hrs) 
CMTX 491 Practicum in Ministry (2 hrs) OR 
CMTX 491 Practicum in Missions (3 hrs) 

Ministry tracks 

The fourth component of the Bible major in the Ministry tracks consists of 
those courses specific to each mini stry track 



Children's Ministry (7 hrs) 

CMTX 21 7 Foundation for Youth and Children's Minis try (3 hrs) 

CMTX 261 Introduction to Christian Education (2 hrs) 

CMTX 31" Materials and Methods of Children's Minis tries (2 hrs) 



Missions (6 hrs) 

CMTX 2~0 Introduction to Christian Missions (3 hrs) 

One additional course from the following: 

ART 421 Fine Arts and the Church (3 hrs) 

CMTX 265 Effective Christian Evangelism (2 hrs) (note: if CMTX 265 

is selected, a third hour must be taken as CMTX 490 Directed 

Studies) 
CMTX 2T Historv of Christian Missions (3 hrs) 
CMTX 430 Servanthood in the Third ^u^ennium (3 hrs) 
CMTX 4"0 Current Issues in XTodd Mission (3 hrs) 
HIST 206 History of Islam (3 hrs) 
HIST 208 History of the Jews Since "0 AD. (3 hrs) 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Bible 43 



BIBL/HIST 343 History of Biblical Interpretation (3 his) 
HIST 450 The Holocaust (3 hrs) 
MUSC 150 World Music (3 hrs) 

A strength of the missions emphasis is its interdisciplinary structure. 
Because effective ministry entails an understanding of human nature, 
the missions emphasis incorporates a solid foundation in the social sci- 
ences. To accomplish this, the missions emphasis requires an accompa- 
nying modified minor in sociology comprised ot the following: 

SOCL 210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 hrs) 

Fifteen additional hours of sociology selected from: 

SOCL 303 Family (3 hrs) 

SOCL 314 Race and Ethnic Relations (3 hrs) 

SOCL 360 Aspects of Intercultural Studies (3 hrs) 

SOCL 421 Sociology of Religion (3 hrs) 

SOCL 451 Sociological Theory (3 hrs) 

SOCL 461 Dynamics of Cultural Change (3 hrs) 

Other approved Bible and sociology electives 

The modified minor is available only to students pursuing the missions 
emphasis track of the Bible major. 

Pastoral Ministry (7 - 9 hrs) 

CMTN 276 Homiletics (2 hrs) 

At least two courses from the following: 

CMIN 261 Introduction to Christian Education (2 hrs) 

CMIN 265 Effective Christian Evangelism (2 hrs) 

CMTN 365 Christian Worship (3 hrs) 

CMTN 375 Narrative and Story-Telling (2 hrs) 

CMTN 430 Servandiood in the Third Millennium (3 hrs) 

PSYC 357 Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Counseling (3 

hrs) 
Seminars (BIBL 295 and 495) may be suitable pastoral ministry electives, 

depending on course content. 

Youth Ministry track (7 hrs) 

CMIN 217 Foundation for Youth and Children's Ministry (3 hrs) 
CMIN 261 Introduction to Christian Education (2 hrs) 
CMIN 318 Materials and Methods of Youth Ministries (2 hrs) 

General Studies track (15 hrs) 

The General Studies track is intended for those who want to major in 
Bible but do not anticipate serving in a specific ministry role. A general 
education requirement for this track is intermediate level proficiency in 
either Greek or Hebrew. This comprises two of the basic components 
in the Bible major — the Bible core and Church History core — plus 12 
hours to be selected from the following electives: 

ART 421 Fine Arts and the Church (3 hrs) 
BIBL 323 Christian Thought in the Greco-Roman World (3 hrs) 
BIBL 380 Jesus in the Arts (3 hrs) 
BIBL - (any Bible content electives) 
CMTN 271 History of Christian Missions (3 hrs) 
CMTN 365 Christian Worship (3 hrs) 
CMIN 430 Servanthood in the Third Millennium (3 hrs) 
COMM 495 Art of Persuasion (3 hrs) 
ENGL 364 The Fiction of C.S. Lewis (3 hrs) 
ENGL 450 Literary Criticism (3 hrs) 

GREE/HEBR (elective classes in biblical languages, beyond the G.E.R.) 
HIST 206 History of Islam (3 hrs) 
HIST 208 History of the Jews since A.D. 70 (3 hrs) 
HIST 250 Christ, Hitler, and Women (3 hrs) 
HIST 271 History of Christian Missions (see CMTN 271) (3 hrs) 
HIST 323 Christian Thought in the Greco-Roman World (see BIBL 
323) (3 hrs) 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



HIST 343 History of Biblical Interpretation (see BIBL 343) (3 hrs) 

HIST 352 Reformation of the Sixteenth Century (3 hrs) 

HUMN 380 Jesus in the Arts (see BIBL 380) (3 hrs) 

MUSC 453 Music and Worship (3 hrs) 

PHIL 321 Ethics (3 hrs) 

PHIL 350 Religions of the World (see RELG 350) (3 hrs) 

RELG 350 Religions of the World (see PHIL 350) (3 hrs) 

RELG 351 Philosophy of Religion (3 hrs) 

RELG 421 Sociology of Religion (see SOCL 421) 

RELG 430 Servanthood in the Third Millennium (see CMIN 430) (3 

hrs) 
SOCL 210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 hrs) 
SOCL 421 Sociology of Religion (See RELG 421) (3 hrs) (or other 

courses approved by the area chair) 

In addition to these, a General Studies capstone course is required, either: 
BIBL 490 Senior Project (3 hrs) or 
BIBL 491 Practicum in Bible (3 hrs) 



Bible minor (18 hrs) 



The Bible minor at Milligan College is intended to be strictly a study of scrip- 
ture. It consists of six specific courses, equally divided between Old 
Testament and New Testament, and it includes the basic survey classes (Bible 
123 and 124). 

BIBL 123 Old Testament Survey and 124 New Testament Survey (6 hrs) 

BIBL 211 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

3 additional hrs of Old Testament courses 

6 additional hrs of New Testament courses 



Course Descriptions 



BIBL 123. Old Testament Survey - An examination of the Old Testament, 
its content, background, and significance. Required of all students. Offered 
fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 124. New Testament Survey - A study of the New Testament, 
including a survey of its Jewish and Hellenistic backgrounds. Required of all 
students. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 201. Jesus in the Gospels - A study of the Gospels with the intent of 
showing their distinctive insights into the person and work of Christ. 
Required for the Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 202. Acts - An analysis of the history, theology, and nature of tire 
early church as seen in the Book of Acts. Satisfies the New Testament elective 
in the Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered spring term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

BIBL 211. Old Testament Images of God - An introduction to die charac- 
ter and actions of the Lord God of Israel as seen through the Old 
Testament. Required for the Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 123. Offered fall 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 252. Biblical Archaeology - A study of the history and techniques of 
archaeology in the biblical world as a historical science together with a survey 
of Palestinian history as reconstructed by the latest archaeological evidence. 
The uses of archaeological data for biblical studies are emphasized. Satisfies 
the Old Testament elective in the Bible major. Offered periodically. 
Prerequisite: BIBL 123. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 275. Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 
Nineteenth Century - An examination of the Stone-Campbell heritage 
including both primary and secondary readings intended to help students 



44 Bible 



understand the church tradition (the "Restoration Movement") that is linked 
to the history of Milligan College. Students may not apply this course to a 
major in Bible or history. Same as HIST 2~5. Prerequisite: sophomore stand- 
ing or consent of instructor. Offered spring term each year. One semester 
hour. 

BIBL 295. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from year to year. Offered periodically. One 
to three semester hours. 

BIBL 301. The Prophets - Exegetical studies in the books of the latter 
prophets. Attention will be given to the character and message of each 
prophet and book as seen against their social, political, and historical back- 
grounds. Satisfies the Old Testament elective in the Bible major. Prerequisite: 
BIBL 123. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 304. Old Testament History - Exegetical studies in the historio- 
graphical books of the Old Testament Attention is given to the theological 
perspectives and historiographical methods that guided the composition of 
these books. Satisfies the Old Testament elective in the Bible major. 
Prerequisite: BIBL 123. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 



Testament. Attention is given to the theological, philosophical, and worship- 
related themes of these books. Satisfies the Old Testament elective in the 
Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 123. Offered spring term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

BIBL 380. Jesus in the Arts - An exploration of the creative images of 
Jesus throughout the centuries, drawing examples from the literary, dramatic, 
visual, musical, kinetic, and cinematic arts, seeking a deeper appreciation for 
the arts in the life of the church and for the impact of the image of Jesus in 
people's lives. Prereq-uisite: BIBL 124. Offered periodically. Three semester 
hours. 

BIBL 405. The Old Testament in the Church - An historical survey of 
the reception of the Old Testament as Christian scripture and challenges 
thereto. The study is based, as much as possible, on readings of primary texts 
from all periods of church history. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and HUMN 201 
and 202, or consent of the instructor. Satisfies the Old Testament elective in 
the Bible major. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 411. I and II Corinthians - An historical, exegetical, and thematic 
study of I and II Corinthians. Satisfies the New Testament elective in the 
Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered periodically Three semester 
hours. 



BIBL 321. Prison Episdes - An exegetical study of Ephesians, Philippians, 
Colossians, and Philemon. Satisfies the New Testament elective in the Bible 
major. Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 322. Pastoral Episdes - An exegetical study of 1 and 2 Timothy and 
Tims. Satisfies the New Testament elective in the Bible major. Prerequisite: 
BIBL 124. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 323. Christian Thought in the Greco-Roman World - A course of 
readings in various representatives of the Christian tradition from the second 
through the fifth century, including Origen, Tertullian, Cyprian, Athanasius, 
Ambrose, and Augustine in their historical contexts. Special attention is given 
to the contributions of these thinkers to the development of the Christian 
tradition. Same as HIST 323. Prerequisites: HUMN 101, 102, 201, and 202, 
or consent of the instructor. Satisfies the church history elective in the Bible 
major. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 324. Johannine Literature - A study of the contents and themes of 
the Johannine Episdes and the Gospel of John. Satisfies the New Testament 
elective in the Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered periodically. 
Three semester hours. 



BIBL 412. Romans and Galatians - An historical, exegetical, and thematic 
study of Romans and Galatians. Satisfies the New Testament elective in the 
Bible major. Offered periodically Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Three semester 
hours. 

BIBL 422. Intertestamental Literature - A survey of the types of Jewish 
literature (e.g., apocryphal, pseudepigraphic, wisdom, apocalyptic) and their 
contents which were influential in the development of Judaism in the last two 
centuries BC and in the first century AD. Prerequisite: BIBL 123. Offered 
periodically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 452. General Episdes - A study of the contents and themes of non- 
Pauline letters, especially Hebrews, James, and 1 Peter. Satisfies the New- 
Testament elective in the Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered peri- 
odically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 471. Christ and Culture - An examination of how contemporary 
Western cultures shape how Christians understand and embody their faith, 
and an exploration of how Christians might respond to these challenges. 
Required of all seniors. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered even- 
semester. Three semester hours. 



BIBL 325. Apocalyptic Literature - A study of the Book of Revelation and 
other eschatological and apocalyptic passages in the context of Jewish apoca- 
lypticism. Satisfies the New Testament elective in the Bible major. 
Prerequisite: BIBL 124. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 343. History of Biblical Interpretation - A survey of the history of 
hermeneutics and exegesis in the Christian tradition from the ancient through 
the modern periods. The course examines the various principles and methods 
adopted by theologians in their attempts to explain the meaning of the bibli- 
cal text Same as HIST 343. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124, HUMN 101, 
102, 201, and 202, or consent of the instructor. Satisfies the Old Testament 
elective in the Bible major. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 351. The Pentateuch - Exegetical studies in the Pentateuch. Attention 
is given to major theological concepts and narrative artistry. Satisfies the Old 
Testament elective in the Bible major. Prerequisite: BIBL 123. Offered fall 
term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 352. Old Testament Devotional and Wisdom Literature - 
Exegetical studies in the devotional and wisdom literature of the Old 



BIBL 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings that 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
One to three semester hours. 

BIBL 490. Senior Project - An individualized course of study (major paper 
or other appropriate project) to be determined by the student and a faculty 
committee. This course (or its alternative, BIBL 491 Practicum) serves as the 
culminating project for the general studies track of the Bible major. Three 
semester hours. 

BIBL 491. Practicum - A practicum experience which offers the student an 
opportunity to explore an advanced academic enviroment and/or a profes- 
sionally-oriented vocation under appropriate supervision. This course (or its 
alternative, BIBL 490 Senior Project) serves as the culminating experience for 
the general studies track of the Bible major. Three semester hours. 

BIBL 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, writing, and concentration in areas beyond regular 
course offerings. Topics van" from semester to semester. Offered periodically. 
One to three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



biology 45 



Biology 

Area of Scientific Learning 

The biology major supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective - 
lv, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

The biology curriculum is designed for the student planning a career in the 
biomedical sciences, education, research, and governmental services. 

Graduates with a major in biology are expected to (1) demonstrate proficien- 
cy in a broad spectrum of life science disciplines; (2) demonstrate familiarity 
with information in chemistry; (3) be capable of critical thinking; (4) demon- 
strate skill in clearly communicating scientific information in the following: 
verbal format, written format, and computer-based technology. 

No more than four hours credit in either BIOL 200 or 490 or a combined 
total of six hours in the three courses may be applied toward the require- 
ments for a major in biology. Credit in 200 or 490 may not be applied toward 
a minor in biology. 



Biology major - B.A. (24 hrs) 

The Bachelor of Arts degree is designed for students interested in biology 
but desiring a broad choice of electives not in the sciences. 

BIOL 1 10 General Biology or 111 Principles of Biology (4 hrs) 
BIOL 112 Principles of Biology (4 hrs) 
BIOL 202 Botany (4 hrs) 
BIOL 210 Genetics (4 hrs) 
BIOL electives (8 hrs) 

Other required courses (11-12 hrs): 

CHEM electives (8 hrs) 

MATH 211 Calculus I (4 hrs) OR 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Foreign language through the intermediate level is required 



Biology major - B.S. (32 hrs) 

Track I - designed for graduate study 
or pre-professional programs 

Students who plan to pursue graduate study in biology or are preparing for 
post baccalaureate programs in medicine, dentistry, optometry, chiropractic 
medicine, physician assistant, and veterinary medicine should choose this B.S. 
degree. 

BIOL 1 1 1 and 1 12 Principles of Biology (8 hrs) 

BIOL 202 Botany (4 hrs) 

BIOL 210 Genetics (4 hrs) 

BIOL 450 Cell and Molecular Biology (3 hrs) 

BIOL 451 Research Seminar (1 hr) 

BIOL electives at 300 level or higher (12 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Other required courses (24-25 hrs): 

MATH 211 Calculus I (4 hrs) OR 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Chemistry minor: 

CHEM 170 and 171 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 301 and 302 Organic Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 310 Biochemistry (5 hrs) 

Strongly recommended courses: 

PHYS 203 and 204 General Physics (8 hrs) 

Pre-requirements for graduate school and professional programs vary 
depending on the program and institution. Students must check the pre- 
requirements for entrance exams and admission to the programs they are 
interested in applying to and, with the help of their science adviser, adjust 
their course of study so that the institution's pre-requirements are met. It is 
strongly recommended that students meet with a science adviser to plan their 
course of study so that they sequence courses to complete the major in a 
timely and fitting way. 



Biology major - B.S. (32 hours) 

Track II - Designed for paramedical fields, 
wildlife management, and education 

Students preparing for application to post baccalaureate programs, such as 
occupational therapy, physical therapy, or medical technology; students inter- 
ested in wildlife management; or students seeking licensure in elementary, 
middle grades, or secondary education should choose this B.S. degree. For 
additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a list of 
courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs section 
of the catalog. 

BIOL 110 General Biology or 111 Principles of Biology (4 hrs) 
BIOL 112 Principles of Biology (4 hrs) 
BIOL 202 Botany (4 hrs) 
BIOL 210 Genetics (4 hrs) 

BIOL 360 Ecology or 380 Microbiology and Immunology (4 hrs) 
BIOL elective at 300 level or higher (4 hrs) 
BIOL 250 and 251 Anatomy and Physiology OR 

BIOL 330 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy and 340 Animal Physiology 
(8 hrs) 

Other required courses (11 hrs): 

CHEM electives (8 hrs) 
MATH 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Pre-requirements for paramedical programs vary depending on the program 
and institution. Students must check the pre-requirements for admission to 
the programs they are interested in applying to and, with the help of their 
adviser, adjust their course of study so that the institution's pre-requirements 
are met. Selective course substitutions will be considered on a case-by-case 
basis and require the approval of the Area Chair. 

Students seeking licensure must take both BIOL 360 and BIOL 380 to meet 
education requirements. 

Eleven hours of the general education requirements (8 lab science and 3 
math) are fulfilled in the biology major. 



46 biology 



Biology minor (20 hrs) 

BIOL 110 General Biology or 111 Principles of Biology (4 he) 
BIOL 112 Principles of Biology (4 his) 
BIOL 202 Botany (4 his) 
BIOL ekcrives (8 his) 



Course Descriptions 

BIOL 110. General Biology - An introductory course that examines fbnda- 

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BIOL 111-112. Principles of Biology - A two-semester comse which intro- 
duces and integrates she principles of biology including the chemistry of life, 
ceDs, genetics, evolution, biological ajvyrsity, biology of plants, biology of 
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BIOL 121. Environmental Science - An introdnctorv cooise which pvamiiircfs 
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vear- Three hoots lectnte and one two-hour lab weefctv;. Foot semester hows. 

BIOL 200. Field Studies in Biology - An -■--■'— : ~ :f seA— ei zlz'.z zr.zzC 

problems and/or in-depth study of unique ecosysBesns. Subject content varies 
according to selected topics. The course is conducted at an ofF-catrspus Joca- 
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■z z _£ - ■-. :: zitzzz izz;r z zz zzzzzz recArer: ;.-.:- z z.zz.zz zzzztzz :v 
permission of the sdeoce faculty chairman. Pieneqoisite: BIOL 110 or con- 
sent of instructors. Ottered in the spring tntEisessson p^rm year. One to four 

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BIOL 202. Botany - z-zzz zzzzzzz^z~zz rzzz~zz~z z zzzzzz?. i_^ie. zzzz zzzzzz 

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-zZZ.Z-ZzZ ZZ'ZLTS. 

BIOL 210. Generics - A sr-id" ot ~ ~-~*-~ e^--^ principles ot nereditv ~^izh 
related statistics and probability- Prereqtdsite: eight hoars of biology Offered 
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BIOL 250-25L Anatomy and Physiology - A two-semester comse designed 

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Prerequisite; BIOL 110 or 111 or consent of the instroctor. Offered as a year 
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BIOL 280. Introductory Microbiology and Immunology for the Health 
Sciences - An introductory coarse in the stndv of microbial organisms with 

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atii^m^ A rntnimakzed, hands-on Bat* component supplements lectures and 
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requirement in the GER. This course does not count toward the biology 

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BIOL 330. Compararrre Tertebrate Anatomy - A comparative study of 
the anatomic and phylogenetic development of the principal '.v^tt-i™; of 
selected dasses of tenebiates Prerequisites: BIOL 111-112 or consent of the 
instructor. Offered rail term each year. Four semester hours. 



BIOL 341. Animal Histology - A study of the microscopic anatomy of the 

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z zrz- zzz zzztzzti zzL ztzzzz. zCztzzzz.zz z ."- z _r -;~; = :tr .- .: z.z- 

BIOL 342. Venebrate Embryology - A study of the general principles of 
vertebrate development from the formation of gametes to the formation of 
tissues and organs. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered as needed. 
?: zz izzz-Zizzz - .ir;_ 

BIOL 350. Teaching Science to K-6 Students - A course focusing upon 
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students. Prerequisites: BIOL 110 and PHYS 104 or the equivalent and 
admission to the teacher education program. Field experience included. 

Offered spring ipnw &*rh year. Two semester hours. 

BIOL zzz. £-■ '. :-gy - A study of the relarion between organisms and iheir 
puifc/ iiiMwnfti^ racoors affecftng plant and anwrwl strucuireSj behavior and dis- 
tribution, energy and nvainpirwi cycles, and populations. Prerequisite: four 
hours of biology Offered fall twm s*arb year. Four semester hours. 

BIOL 362. Vertebrate Field Biology - A survey of the native vertebrate 
amimalk -with pimi phaq«; on collection, preservation, identification, and taxo- 
nomic relationships. Prerequisitt: four hours of biology. Offered spring term 

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BIOL 3S0. Microbiology and ImmunologT.- - '-. basic course in the study 
of microbioiogv including the preparation of media, sterilization, the isola- 

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phoid ceDs, and humoral and rrltnhr response mechanisms. Prerequisite: con- 
sent of the instructor. Offered fall tpnn each vear. Four semester hours- 

BIOL 430. Advanced Anatomy - A regional siudv of human amaBonv 
a majority of the class hours spent in cadaver dissection- Regions and empha- 
sis mar varv according to the needs of me students and avauabiitT oi materi- 
als. PrerequishEs: BIOL 250 and 251 or BIOL 330 or consent of the instruc- 
tor. Offered as needed. One to four semester hours. 

BIOL 440. Endocrinology - A study of the structure and function of the 

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processes. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered as needed. Four 

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BIOL 450. Cell and Molecular Biology - A study of the structure and 
function of various organelles of the eokaryotic cell with an fimpfoasis on 

gene structure, gene expression airwl its regulation, and modern molecular 
methodology. Taken coranrrendywim BIOL 451. Prereqeiske: CHEM 310. 

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BIOL -51. Research Seminar - A seminar designed to introduce science 
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research paper and seminar emphasizing cell ^md molecular biology are 
required. Prerequisite: major or minor in biology; student must be registered 
concorrenny in BIOL 450 Cell and Molecular Biology. Offered spring term 

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BIOL -6' J. Ne-oroanatomv - 



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)gy. The course includes the studv of the 
n a laboratory setting. Prerequisite: con- 
am each vear. Three semester hours. 



BIOL 340. -Animal Physiology - A studv of the function and structure of 
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Prerequisite: BIOL 330 or consent of the instructor. Offered spring term 

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BIOL ^90. Research Problem - Research on special problems in hi 
under direct supervision of a facultr member. Prerequisiies: tweniy hours of 

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business administration 47 



Business 
Administration 

Area of Business 

The business administration major supports the following goals of Milligan 
College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
social sciences, and to understand a significant body of material in their 
major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 
resources and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career or 
profession. 

The core courses in business administration provide students with the broad 
base of knowledge and level of technical competence necessary to succeed in 
a business setting. Core courses in management, marketing, business law, and 
ethics expose students to the fundamental principles of business administra- 
tion while providing the preparation necessary to continue study in upper 
level courses. The main purpose of the courses in economics is to develop in 
die student the ability to analyze and understand economic principles and 
institutions from an historical as well as a contemporary point of view. These 
courses furnish the theoretical background necessary for the achievement of 
a particular vocational or professional goal. Core courses in accounting pro- 
vide students the requisite knowledge for understanding the financial aspects 
of the business enterprise. All core courses, as well as those within each 
emphasis, constitute the academic basis for graduate study in business and 
related fields. 

Graduates with a major in business administration are expected to: 
(1) Demonstrate knowledge of the business core that is sufficient to provide 
each student with a comprehensive understanding of the discipline's major 
functional areas. Likewise, students will possess the understanding necessary 
to successfully integrate the functional areas into a cohesive whole for the 
purpose of short and long-term decision-making. This body of knowledge 
will be sufficient for success in the workplace or in continued graduate stud- 
ies; (2) Demonstrate knowledge in one or more areas of emphasis, providing 
students with the deeper understanding required for solving complex business 
problems including those faced under conditions of uncertainty; (3) 
Demonstrate knowledge of written and oral communication skills as well as 
the use of computer technology and mathematics sufficient to support the 
application of quantitative principles; and (4) Exhibit the development of the 
leadership and management skills that are necessary for the successful plan- 
ning, implementation, and control of the business enterprise, all rooted in a 
foundation of ethical and moral principles. 

The major allows the student to complete a strong core curriculum in busi- 
ness, accounting, and economics and to choose from one of eight emphases, 
allowing for in-depth study in a specific field. Students majoring in business 
administration with an accounting emphasis may not minor in accounting. 
Students majoring in business administration with an economics emphasis 
may not minor in economics. Students majoring in business administration 
with a health care administration emphasis may not minor in health care 
administration. Students majoring in business administration with a legal stud- 
ies emphasis may not minor in legal studies. 



Business Administration major - 
B.A. or B.S. (39-45 hrs) 

Required core courses (30 hrs) 

ACCT 21 1 and 212 Introductory Accounting I and II (6 hrs) 

BADM 315 Marketing (3 hrs) 

BADM 321 Business Law I (3 hrs) 

BADM 361 Principles of Management (3 hrs) 

BADM 421 Business Ethics (3 hrs) 

BADM 470 Business Strategy (3 hrs) 

ECON 201 Macroeconomic Principles and 202 Microeconomic 

Principles (6 hrs) 
ECON 301 Corporate Finance (3 hrs) 

The BA. requires completion of a foreign language through the inter- 
mediate level. 

Students must complete a math course at the 200 level or above, determined 
in conjunction with their adviser, to fulfill the general education math require- 
ment. Completion of ECON 201 and 202 fulfills the social learning require- 
ment in the general education requirements. Students must demonstrate ful- 
fillment of the College's computer competency requirement by successful 
completion of CIS 275 or by examination. 

Emphases 

The following emphases are available within the business administration 
major. In addition to successful completion of the general core requirements, 
students are required to complete additional courses within each emphasis as 
described below. 

Accounting (9 hrs) 

The accounting emphasis enables business students to deepen their 
understanding of accounting concepts as they relate to the business 
organization. This emphasis is recommended for students anticipating 
business careers requiring accounting knowledge at an advanced level, 
yet short of requiring an accounting major. Required courses within the 
accounting emphasis: 

ACCT 301 Intermediate Accounting I (3 hrs) 

ACCT 302 Intermediate Accounting II (3 hrs) 

ACCT 311 Cost Accounting (3 hrs) 

Economics (9 hrs) 

The economics emphasis provides students with a deeper exposure to 
economic principles and institutions from an historical and modern per- 
spective. The emphasis is recommended as an alternative for students 
interested in careers in banking, finance, or economics. Required courses 
within the economics emphasis: 

ECON 401 Advanced Topics in Corporate Finance (3 hrs) 

ECON 403 Money and Banking (3 hrs) 

ECON 460 History of Economic Thought (3 hrs) 

General (9 hrs) 

The general emphasis allows students to select any nine hours of course 
work from economics, business administration, or accounting. This 
emphasis is generally intended for those selecting business administra- 
tion as a second major and is available with adviser permission only. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



48 business administration 



Health Care Administration (15 hrs) 

The health care administration emphasis is intended ro prepare the stu- 
dent for an adniihistrative career in the health care industry. In addition 
to required coursr wc rk, _ ; r^i;'3 selecting this emphasis must complete 
sis hours ot internship credit bv on-site, supemsed "work at a hospital, 

C-ierr. : ;-. i , : m; ileal farifcv. Required courses within the 

health care administranon emphasis: 

BAD-'. 3 B - Intro 10 Health Care Administrafion (5 hrsj 
BADM 4 ; Lt og-Term 2are Administrad a 3 hrs) 
BADM 4SlPolicies and Issues in Health Carr 3 hrs 
BADM 491 Internship 5 las 

International Business (12 hrs) 

Smdenti mar select an emphasis in international business by participat- 
ing in a ten-week academic program abroad through MDligaris affiliation 

E Interna:: : r_^l Business Institute 'endorsed bv the Council for 
Christian Colleges fie Universities Completion of this emphasis 
tec enres the scodent : : attend the inszmte during a summer session fol- 

. . — rierion of the required core courses at 2sEHigan College. A 
fr_;e-f; :: arse of study can often be designed so mat graduati' 
possible following seven semesters of snidv at Milligan College in addi- 
tion to the summer Institute. Students pursuing the international busi- 
ness emphasis ire strongly encouraged to demonstrate competency in a 
::-;.— _i-r_i~; thr: urn. a: .east the ^itermeziate .:":. -irt:.t.;- :r. it. 
the IBI includes the inflowing required courses: 
BADM 33 bdseting ; hrs 

BADM 390 Global Business Management and Strates 
EC OX 331 Comparative Economic Systems (3 hrs I 
ECOX 350 International Trade and Finance (3 hrs) 

Legal Studies (9 hrs) 

The legal sr_f_r; emphasis is designed to preside business adminisrra- 
z : - — _a : ws a deeper understanding and exposure to legal issues affect- 
ing business. The emphasis is recommended for any business adminis- 
tration student wi> ami crates a business career requiring a legal back- 
ground. Required courses for completion of die lerc studies emphasis: 

ACCT 41 1 : r - 1 1 Federal Income Taxation (3 hrs) 

BADM 322 Business Law Z 3 hrs 

POLS 304 Global 7 -_-;_ Ec onomies 3 hrs 

Management (9 hrs) 

The management emphasis consists of courses designed to prepare stu- 
dents :: r successful careers in business and organizational management 
or adminissran an. Required courses for completion of the management 
emphasis : 

BADM 562 Human Resource Management (5 hrsj 

BADM 565 Operations Management 3 hrs) 

BADM 364 : t : 75 .' rganizaaocal Theory and Behayior or Small 

Business Management 3 hrs 

Marketing (9 hrs) 

Stndents wishing tt c_r-_: careers in marketing, sales, or advertising 

shoula select the marketing emphasis. Required courses for completion 
I l r miriit-Lnr emphasis: 

BADM 304 Advertising 3 hrs 
BADM 316 Cases in Marketing 3 hrs 
- _: relations elective from comrrmr2rir.;r.s 3 hrs 



Sports Management (12 hrs) 

The sports management emphasis consists of courses designed to pre- 
pare students for successful careers in the growing field of sports man- 
agement. Required courses for completion ot the sports management 
emphasis: 

HPXS 5S0 Sports Promotion. F in a n ce, and Marketing (3 hrs) 

HPXS 381 Sports Fadliries and Management (3 hrs) 

HPXS 4114 Organization and Management of Physical Education 

and Sports 3 hrs 
HPXS491FieldWo->: 3 hrs 



Business Administration minor 
(21 hrs) 

ACCT 211 Introductory Accounting I 3 hrsi 

BADM 315 Marketing (3 hrs) 

BADM 361 Principles of Management (3 hrs) 

ECOX 201 Macroeconomic Principles or 202 Microeconomic 
Principles (3 hrs, 

CIS 2~5 Computer Applications (3 hrs) 

Accounting, business administration, or economics electives at the jun- 
ior and senior level (6 hrs) 

Applied Finance and Accounting majors with a business administration or 

economics minor are required to take business, accounting, or economics 
electives in place of ECOX 201 or 202 and/or ACCT 211. 



Course Descriptions 



BADM 210. Smvey of Business - This course presides students ■with an 
overview of business. It coyers major topics such as management, marketing, 
economics/finance, accounting, and information technology. It also explores 
the role business plays within today's social framework. This course is open 
to non-business majors, students who are undecided, or business majors 
exploring different areas of emphasis. (May not be taken as an upper level 
division business elective.) Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

BADM 290. Independent Study - Indrsidual study to enable the student 
either to study material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an indrriduahzed 
approach in a field not now coyered in a single course. Xot open to fresh- 
men. One to three semester hours. 

BADM 304. Advertising - A study of the principles of advertising along 

with its function and aims in business. Attention is given to the economic and 
psychological principles involved. There is also a smdv of market analysis and 
its importance to the field of advertising. The mechanics of layout, media, 
and copy writing are considered. Offered spring term alte rn ating years. Three 

semester hours. 

BADM 315. Marketing - A survey of marketing planning, buyer behavior, 
product strategy, distribution strategy, promotional strategy, and pricing strat- 
e g from a global perspective. Prerequisite: ECOX 202. Offered every semes- 
ter. Three semester hours. 

BADM 316. Cases in Marketing - A study of the application of marketing 
principles to indrcidual organizations through the use of case studies. 
Prerequisite: BADM 315. Offered sp rin g term alternating years. Three semes- 
ter hours. 



BADM 321. Business Law I - A smdv of the legal system with an introduc- 
tion to legal concepts in the areas of the American court system, criminal law, 
torts, strict liability, intellectual property, contracts, agency and business 
organizations. Emphasis is placed upon the application of these legal princi- 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



business administration 49 



pies to commercial transactions. Offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

BADM 322. Business Law II - A study of the Uniform Commercial Code 
with an introduction to the legal concepts in the areas of sales, negotiable 
instruments, and secured transactions. Additional topics include bankruptcy, 
insurance, and property law. Emphasis is placed upon the application of these 
legal principles to commercial transactions. Offered spring term each year. 
Iliac semester hours. 

BADM 339. Global Marketing - A focus on the theory and practice of con- 
temporary global marketing management. The context or environment of 
i,ui i -national marketing is covered along with the task of marketing in a vari- 
ety of national domestic markets with their distinct cultural settings. The 
course is divided into three major areas: overview of the global marketing 
environment, moving into international markets, and advanced international 
marketing management. Classroom instruction is complemented by case stud- 
ies and projects. Offered summer term each year as part of IBI program. 
Three semester hours. 

BADM 361. Principles of Management - A study of the basic principles of 
management. Also considered are decision-making and the fundamental func- 
tion of management, planning, organizing, actuating, controlling, and apply- 
ing the process of management to selected areas. Studies of individual firms 
.ire discussed. Offered every semester. Three semester hours. 

BADM 362. Human Resource Management - A study of the principles 
and policies governing employer-employee relationships and a consideration 
of the problems and practices of hiring, supervising, and terminating work- 
ers. Prerequisite: BADM 361 or permission of the instructor. Offered fall 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

BADM 364. Organizational Theory and Behavior - A course designed to 
describe organizational behavior theories and concepts in the context of cur- 
rent and emerging workplace realities. The course focuses on how knowledge 
management, self-leadership, network alliances, technology, and virtual teams 
are changing the way organizations are structured and operate in the 21" 
Centurv. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

BADM 365. Operations Management - A course designed to provide the 
student with a broad conceptual framework for the management of opera- 
tions in today's competitive, global environment. This course emphasizes the 
strategic importance of operations decisions and how all functions within an 
organization interrelate. Specific attention is placed on developing a competi- 
tive operations strategy, decision-making, TQM, process management, and the 
use of technology to create new products and improve processes. Using case 
analysis and simulations, students develop a deeper understanding of realistic 
business issues and learn to apply the concepts presented in the text. 
Prerequisites: BADM 361 and ECON 201. Offered fall term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

BADM 370. Personal Finance - An overview of personal and family finan- 
cial planning with an emphasis on financial record keeping, planning spend- 
ing, tax planning, consumer credit, making buying decisions, purchasing insur- 
ance, selecting investments, and retirement and estate planning. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

BADM 375. Small Business Management - A study of the concepts and 
theories that will help the student create, manage, and gain profit from a small 
business. A computer simulation in which the students start and run their 
own small businesses is an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: BADM 
Administration 361. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

BADM 380. Introduction to Health Care Administration - An introduc- 
tion to various aspects of health care administration, including an overview of 
the health care delivery system in the United States and the various compo- 



nents and services within the health care industry. Guest lecturers from vari- 
ous health care agencies provide students with information about their pro- 
fessions. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

BADM 385. Professional and Personal Development - A course designed 
to provide the student with an understanding of effective professional and 
personal behavior in an organization. The course focuses on understanding 
the behavior of workers and managers in an organizational environment, 
developing effective communication styles, working in a team environment, 
handling power and politics in an organization, understanding change, conflict 
and creativity, and developing and reaching personal goals. Using personal 
assessments, skill building exercises, and case analysis, students build the inter- 
personal skills required for successful interaction within the business environ- 
ment. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

BADM 390. Global Business Management and Strategy - A course 
designed to cover the major topics normally offered in a course in interna- 
tional business management and strategy as well as more in-depth coverage of 
such areas as international corporate finance, human resource management, 
and strategy. It also has a very important function of enabling the integration 
of field experiences, corporate visits, and presentations by guest faculty with 
the current theoretical developments and literature in this field. Offered sum- 
mer term each year as part of IBI program. Three semester hours. 

BADM 421. Business Ethics - A study of theoretical and practical prob- 
lems of moral conduct in the field of business. The course emphasizes both 
the philosophical foundations of ethical conduct and the practical problems 
encountered in the day-to-day conduct of business affairs. Much of the study 
of practical problems centers around actual case studies. Although there are 
no specific prerequisites, this course should generally be taken only after a 
number of other business administration courses have been completed. 
Offered every semester. Three semester hours. 

BADM 470. Business Strategy - An integrated study of the functional areas 
of finance, marketing, and management with emphasis on case analysis, read- 
ings, and computer simulations. Prerequisites: BADM 315 and 361 and 
ECON 301. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

BADM 480. Long-Term Care Administration - A study of the principles 
and applications of long-term care administration, including general manage- 
ment, environmental management, patient care, personnel management, and 
government regulations. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 

BADM 481. Policies and Issues in Health Care - A focus on the applica- 
tion of analytical skills of policy formation in the health professions. The 
course focuses on analyzing the processes in the design, adoption, implemen- 
tation, and evaluation of current health policy. Recent political and ethical 
issues relating to health care policy are examined. Offered spring term alter- 
nate years. Three semester hours. 

BADM 491. Internship - A practicum experience which involves the student 
in a position in business under adequate supervision for the joint purposes of 
learning about business and possible occupational choices. Prerequisite: con- 
sent of major professor. One to six semester hours. 

BADM 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three 
semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



50 business (MBA) 



Business: 

Master of Business 

Administration (MBA) 

Area of Business 

The Master of Business Administration program is designed to prepare stu- 
dents for roles of leadership in business. Students' knowledge of the major 
functional areas within business is reinforced while a commitment to 
Christian values and ethical conduct prepares students to meet the challenges 
of a highly competitive business environment with integrity and character. 
The program is a cohort-based, 40-credit hour degree delivered over approxi- 
mately 1 8 months, divided into four semesters. Classes meet one weekend 
each month and continue via extensive Internet-based contact with fellow 
students and with facultv in the period between class sessions. The combina- 
tion of weekend class meetings and distance-based components is well suited 
for mature, working students. The Office of Graduate Admissions should be 
contacted for current schedules and cohort start dates. 

The Master of Business Administration program supports the following 
goals of Milligan College; 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate dearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the social sciences, and to understand a significant body of material 
in their major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 
resources and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career or 
profession. 

The following outcomes are expected to have been achieved upon comple- 
tion of the curriculum and have been developed in support of the College's 
overall mission and vision as a Christian, liberal-arts college: 

■ The ability to acquire, integrate, and apply the body of knowledge 
found within the major functional areas, which include: marketing: man- 
agement; accounting; finance; economics; strategic analysis, planning, 
and implementation; information management; and quantitative analysis. 

■ The ability to effectively communicate both orally and in writing includ- 
ing the use of computer technology as a communications tool. 

■ The ability to demonstrate the application of sound ethical, socially 
responsible, and moral principles in business decision-making and to 
integrate faith and work. 

■ The ability to apply the leadership, management, and team skills that are 
necessary for the successful p lanning ^ implementation, and control of 
the business enterprise both domestically and globally. 



Financial Information 

Graduate tuition is $3~5 per semester hour for the 2005-2006 academic year. 
A non-refundable $30 application fee is required with the application. 
Applicants who are accepted in the program are required to pav a $300 
deposit by the deadline stated in their letter of acceptance. The deposit 
reserves a place in the cohort- Students will be required to pav a $20 lifetime 
transcript fee their first semester. There are no other mandatory or course 
fees for this program. 

Students must make appropriate payment arrangements with the Business 
Office prior to the start of classes. Please refer to the Financial Information 
section of the catalog for payment and refund information. 

Financial Aid is available. Students should refer to the Financial Aid section 
of the catalog for information regarding general eligibility requirements, aid 
available for students enrolled in graduate programs, award criteria for the 
programs available, etc Any questions students may have regarding financial 
aid may be addressed by contacting the Financial Aid Office, 800-44~^880. 



Laptop Computer 

Students enrolling in the program are issued a laptop computer that meets 
the minimum technical and software requirements as defined by the College's 
information Technology Department. 

Students are required to sign a formal agreement at the beginning of the pro- 
gram stating than 

■ The computer becomes the property of the student upon issuance. 

■ The College maintains a security interest in the computer until the pro- 
gram is completed and all financial obligations to the College are satis- 
fied. 

■ The computer will be returned to the College should the student with- 
draw from or be dismissed from the program. If the laptop is not 
returned, the student will be assessed a prorated fee. 



Library 



The P.H. XTelshimer Memorial Library stands in the center of Milligan's cam- 
pus and houses all of the general collections. The library currently holds over 
77,500 volumes in its circulating collection (2,820 are dedicated to business). 
There are over 15,700 print journal volumes in its reference collection. The 
College currendy subscribes to approximately 500 journals in print media 
(including the Academy of Management Journal, American Economic 
Review, Harvard Business Review, Tournal of Accountancy, Management 
Review, and many others), and an additional 5,800 journals in electronic sub- 
scriptions. In addition to the volumes in the library, the College has a lending 
and usage agreement with Emmanuel School of Religion. Milligan is also a 
member of the Holston Associated Libraries, a consortium of six colleges 
and two public libraries that provide an enlarged circulating collection by 
reciprocal loan agreements. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



business (MBA) 51 



Admission Requirements 

The minimum requirements for admission to the MBA program include: 

■ An undergraduate degree with an overall grade point average of 2.75. 

■ Completed application, including writing sample essays that demonstrate 
the applicant's ability to communicate effectively in writing. 

■ Two professional recommendations that support the applicant's charac- 
ter and ability to do graduate work. 

■ At least three years' work experience in a managerial or administrative 
position of responsibility*. 

■ Acceptable GMAT score. 

■ Coursework or demonstrated competency in accounting principles, prin- 
ciples of macro and microeconomics, management, marketing, comput- 
er applications, statistics and/or calculus. 

■ Possible interview with members of the admissions committee. 

The admissions committee meets periodically throughout the year to evaluate 
applications. Applicants are encouraged to contact the Director of Graduate 
Admissions or the MBA Program Manager for upcoming deadlines relative to 
admission. 

The admissions committee evaluates applicants on the overall merit of all 
admissions criteria. Therefore, minimum GPAs, GMAT scores, and other 
application requirements are not absolute. The committee allows strengths in 
some areas to compensate for weaknesses in another area. The overall intent 
is to admit students who the admissions committee believes will contribute 
effectively to the overall cohort and who are considered to have high potential 
for success in a graduate program. 

Transfer Credit 

Due to the nature of a cohort-based program, transfer credit is not granted. 
Students admitted to the program must complete the entire sequence of 
courses at Milligan College. 

Unconditional Acceptance 

Applicants who meet all admissions criteria are admitted unconditionally to 
the MBA program, based upon space availability. If space is not available in 
the requested cohort, the applicant is placed on a waiting list or, alternatively, 
admitted to the next scheduled cohort. 

Provisional Acceptance 

Students may be accepted to the MBA program on a provisional basis, pend- 
ing the submission of an acceptable GMAT score. Upon review of the appli- 
cant's GMAT score, the applicant will either receive unconditional acceptance 
or be declined by the Admissions Committee. An applicant's GMAT score 
must be received by the deadline set by the Admissions Committee to receive 
consideration for the requested cohort. 

Conditional Acceptance 

Students may be accepted io the MBA program on a conditional basis, pend- 
ing the submission of an acceptable GMAT score and the acceptable comple- 
tion of all prerequisite course requirements. Generally, when prerequisite 
coursework is required by the Admissions Committee, the applicant must 
receive a course grade of "B" (3.0) or above in each course. Upon review of 
the applicant's GMAT score and course transcripts, the applicant will either 
receive unconditional acceptance or be declined by the Admissions 
Committee. An applicant's GMAT score and transcripts for all prerequisite 
coursework must be received by the deadline set by the Admissions 
Committee to receive consideration for the requested cohort. 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Special Enrollment 

This status is designed for students whose goal is to be accepted into the 
MBA program as degree seeking, but lack an acceptable GMAT score by the 
established deadline. Such status may be granted only by the MBA 
Admissions Committee upon review of an otherwise complete application 
file. This enables students who have been approved for such status to enroll 
for graduate credit, but it does not guarantee that such credit will be counted 
toward degree objectives. When the MBA Admissions Committee has reclas- 
sified a student from special enrollment status to degree seeking status, a 
maximum of ten semester hours of special enrollment credit may be counted 
toward degree requirements. It should be noted that students attending the 
MBA program under special enrollment status are not eligible for federal 
financial aid. 

Applicant Deferral Policy 

MBA applicants who have been conditionally, provisionally, or unconditionally 
accepted have two years from the date on the initial acceptance letter to satis- 
factorily complete any necessary prerequisites and to matriculate as Milligan 
MBA students. If the applicant does not matriculate to Milligan within the 
time specified, it will be necessary to reapply to the program. 



Temporary Withdrawal 
and Readmission 

Because of the nature of the program, students are encouraged to maintain 
continuous enrollment after beginning classes. Realizing that extenuating cir- 
cumstances may occur that require a student to withdraw temporarily from 
the program, there is a provision for one such withdrawal. 

Students who determine that it is neessary to withdraw from the program 
must notify the Director of the MBA and/or the MBA Program Manager. 
Written rationale for the decision to withdraw must be given by the student. 
That written request is attached to a withdrawal form that is routed to the 
appropriate College offices by the MBA Program Manager. The official date 
of the withdrawal is determined by the date the written request is received by 
the Director of the MBA or the MBA Program Manager. 

Students who withdraw from the MBA program receive "Ws" for any 
uncompleted courses in the semester in which they are enrolled at the time of 
the withdrawal. The grade of "F" is recorded for a student who withdraws 
after the withdrawal deadline. The withdrawal deadline is determined on a 
semester basis by the Registrar's Office. 

Students receiving financial aid who choose to withdraw from a course or 
from the program must understand that their decision can have significant 
consequences related to financial aid. Any refund of tuition or fees in case of 
withdrawal is governed by the refund policy in the finances section of the cat- 
alog. The registrar makes any exceptions to stated academic withdrawal policy. 

In order to be readmitted, students must have the approval by the Director of 
the MBA. Students must request readmission within three years of withdraw- 
ing. Readmission is granted pending space availability at the appropriate point 
in a subsequent cohort. Graduation requirements in effect at the time of 
readmission will apply. 

Please see the Milligan College Catalog regarding implications of withdrawal and/ 'or read- 
mission for recipients of financial aid . 



52 business (MBA) 



Academic Probation 
and Retention Standards 

Retention in the MBA program is based upon academic performance and 
adherence to the College's code of academic integrity. Specific standards 
include but are not limited to: 

■ The student must maintain a cumulative grade point average of "B" (3.0 
- computed at the conclusion of each semester) or the student is placed 
on academic probation. Under academic probation, the student has until 
the end of that semester to raise the cumulative GPA to at least 3.0. 

■ If the semester average on all courses taken during any semseter falls 
below 2.0, the business facultv will review the student's record for possi- 
ble dismissal from the MBA program. 

■ Failure to be removed from academic probation after one semester may 
result in dismissal from the program. 

■ The student must adhere to a high level of academic integrity, which 
includes, but is not limited to, completion of one's own work and 
refraining from plagiarism or the failure to use proper citation proce- 
dures. Failure to adhere to this level of academic integrity can result in 
dismissal from the program. 



Grade Requirements for Graduation 

Students must achieve a cumulative grade point average of "B" (3.0) to grad- 
uate from the MBA program. 



Faculty Adviser 



The nature of a cohort-based program minimizes the need for extensive and 
ongoing academic advising. However, it is recognized that questions related 
to such things as withdrawal, readmission, graduation requirements, and other 
academically related matters may arise. In the event of such questions, stu- 
dents should contact the MBA Director for assistance. The Director will 
either respond to your questions direcdy, or may forward your question to 
others for response. 



Course Descriptions 

ACCT 520. Accounting and Financial Reporting - This course is 
designed to increase students' knowledge of the construction and interrela- 
tionship of basic financial statements and their related components. The role 
of accounting and financial analysis for external reporting purposes, manage- 
ment analysis, decision-making, pla nnin g and control, as well as a primary 
means of increasing the value of the firm is emphasized. The relationship 
between ethical decision making, profitabilitv, and long-term shareholder 
wealth is examined. Four semester hours. 

BADM 517. Marketing Strategy. - This course examines the development 
of marketing strategy at the business unit level and its connection with cor- 
porate strategy. Emphasis is given to opportunitv anlysis, competitive evalua- 
tion, and marketing strategy design and revision. Three semester hours. 

BADM 522. Quantitative Methods for Management - This course focus- 
es on the analysis of information gathered both internally and externally. 
Topics addressed include both the statistical analysis used in the decision- 
making processes at the managerial level as well as the constrained optimiza- 
tion techniques required in managerial economics. Four semester hours. 



BADM 530. Management and Leadership - This course examines current 
issues in leadership and appropriate strategies for implementing planned 
change. The course integrates materials from both micro and macro 
approaches to leadership and looks at the differences between managers and 
leaders, the leader-member exchange process, the leader's role in setting the 
strategic direction of an organization, and the ethical, moral and professional 
issues of leadership with emphasis on developing a biblical foundation of 
leadership. Three semester hours. 

BADM 533. Organizational Theory and Communication - This course 
examines the interaction of individuals and groups within organizations and 
the importance of communication within todav's complex organizations. 
Topics include qualitative and quantitative assessment of various organiza- 
tional structures, the behavior and interaction of individuals, small groups, 
and their leaders in organizations with primary emphasis on communication 
and the role of values and ethics within organizations. Human behavior in 
organizations is examined through case studies, group research projects, and 
individual analvsis of behavior in groups. Three semester hours. 

BADM 535. Managing Human Resources - This course studies human 
resource management in depth and a strategic overview of the essential 
knowledge required to manage a firm's human resources effectivelv including 
both interpersonal and quantitative skills. It explores human resources within 
various structures and with different job, skill, and behavioral requirements. 
Emphasis is given to the ethical behavior by managers as they enforce stan- 
dards throughout the organization and the strategic integration of human 
resource functions within the context of a firm's task environment. 
(3 credit hours) 

BADM 541. Business Ethics from a Christian Perspective - This course 
examines the moral, ethical, social, and spiritual aspects of the practice of 
business. Students will explore the relationship between Christianity and com- 
merce and the role of character in leadership and ethical decision making. 
Three semester hours. 

BADM 543. Strategic Management - Theory - This course examines poli- 
cy making and administration of organizations from a general management 
point of view. It is intended to integrate and build upon the work of the core 
curriculum bv emphasizing both quantitative and qualitative problem analysis, 
the process of making ethical and strategic decisions, administration and con- 
trol, and continuous reappraisal of policies and objectives. Specific emphasis 
is placed on developing and implementing a strategic plan, building competi- 
tiveness through organizational capability, leadership and change manage- 
ment, and leveraging short-term performance through effective organization- 
al leadership. Case studies emphasize the linkages between theory and prac- 
tice. Three semester hours. 

BADM 545. Strategic Management - Application - This course allows 
students to build on the theoretical knowledge and quantitative and analytical 
skills acquired in the core curriculum. It provides an opportunitv for the stu- 
dents to complete an applied project based on a management problem or 
issue. Students may choose either a case study project that analyzes a real- 
world management problem or a project that undertakes the investigation of 
a particular problem or issue within a real organization. This project is under 
the supervision of faculty of the Business Area and the deliverable of the 
course is a written analysis/report and a presentation to Business Faculty. 
Four semester hours. 

BADM 548. Legal Issues of Business - This course examines the legal 
environment and issues related to the practice of business. Students will 
explore legal and regulatory environmental variables and how they affect the 
process of management, decision-making, and strategy formulation within 
the firm. Three semester hours. 



miliigan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



business (MBA) 53 



CIS 520. Information Management - This course focuses on the manage- 
ment of information technology assets within an organization. The role of 
the manager in assessing, implementing, and controlling information technol- 
ogy and the handling of information is emphasized. Three semester hours. 

ECON 524. Managerial and Global Economics - This course addresses 
both macro and micro economic issues affecting the firm. The course empha- 
sizes the application of constrained optimization techniques to common 
problems faced in the management of the typical business enterprise such as 
price determination, output lever, and the use of alternative productive 
resources. The course also addresses the broader enviromental context in 
which the firm operates, considering issues such as international trade, market 
unification, and globalization, including an emphasis on understanding cultur- 
al differences. Four semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



54 business (ADCP) 



Business Administration: 
Adult Degree Completion 
Program (ADCP) 



Area of Business 



ECO^J 202B Mcroeconomic Principles (3 his) 
ECON 301B Corporate Finance (4 his) 
MATH 213B Business Statistics (4 his) 

Completing the major takes approximately 18 months. Completion of the 
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the time necessary to complete the degree can be better identified after the 
degree plan is filed '(prior to admittance into the major). 



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bosiness administration. "This major is designed for adults who hare complet- 
ed sixtv or more semester hoars of college credit and too or more years of 
foD-time work experience. Degree candidates most also complete the 
College's general education core of humanities, social and behavioral sciences, 
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Admission Criteria 



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the fbDowing goals of MilHg an College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and ffamV aaahrticalOT and critically, to communicate dearly and 
effecriveh; to evidence knowledge and competencies in the Hht-ral arts 
and the m tm^A ;md social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of mawrial in their major fields of study 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 

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weO as the not-for-profit sector. The study of business administration also 
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Graduates who complete the business administration major are expected to: 
(1) Demonstrate knowledge of the business core that is sufficient to provide 
each student with a comprehensive understanding of the discipline's major 

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necessary to integrate successfuDv the functional areas into a cohesive whole 
for the purpose of short and long-term decision-making- This body of 

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dent to support the application of quantitative principles; (3) Exhibit me 

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prise, all rooted in a foundation of ethical and moral principles. 



Business Administration major - B.S. 
(48 hrs) 

ACCT 320B Accounting for Managerial Decision Making (4 hrs) 

BADM 315B Principles of Marketing (3 hrs) 

BADM 323B Business Law (4 hrs) 

BADM 362B Human Resources Management (3 hrs) 

BADM 363B Organizational Leadership (2 hrs) 

BADM 3T5B Small Business Management (4 hrs) 

BADM 401B Principles of Management and Supervision (3 hrs) 

BADM 4"0B Business Strategy (4 hrs) 

BIBL 4~1B Christ and Culture (3 hrs) 

CIS 275B Computer Applications (4 hrs) 

ECOL\~ 201B Macroeconomic Principles p hrs) 



1. (_oi 

7 :77 



o of sixty or more semester hours from accredited college(s). 

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2. At least 23 years of age at rime of application 

3. Two years of documented full-time employment or its part-rime eqorra- 

\tZT. 

4. Good standing at previously attended institutions with a cumulative 
GPA of 2,0 (on 4.0 scale) 

5. Submission of two positive references-one rhar-rt-r and one employer 

6. Acceptance of the lifestde statement as evidenced by completing and 

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7. Submission of completed application and payment of the non-re7_n- 

77.7 777-771.7 777 $7 _ 



Probationary admission 

The Adnaissioos Committee has the :::::. ; : ^^~_~r.r 3D academic proba- 
tion any student \cith a cumulative GPA slighdy below Z0. PiobaGonarr sta- 

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Enrollment Deposit 



ual applicants wish to enroll, 
: 7_i 7 7751; 171— first 
rroup is granted on the date 
or lifelong Learning, 
liable basis and wil not be 
: has paid a deposit. Students 
it reason can have their 
>up If the student faik to 

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Returning Students 



A student who has withdrawn in good social and academic standing should 
address a letter to the director of lifelong If-aming requesting permission for 
readmission. A student who has been academically or socially dismissed may 

1. The student's letter requesting readmission shall be addressed tc . 
director of lifelong learning. 

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denfs original academic records and any courses completed since the 

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business (ADCP) 55 



Social dismissal is reviewed with the vice president for student develop- 
ment. 

If there is reason to believe that the student will profit from another 
opportunity to do college work, he/she will be permitted to enroll with 
probationary status following at least one ADCP term out of class. 

In the event that it is necessary to suspend the student a second time, he 
or she will not be eligible to apply for readmission. 



Second Bachelor's Degree 

A student who holds the bachelor's degree in another field may elect to earn a 
second bachelor's degree in order to have a major in business administration. 
Students seeking a second degree must complete all forty-eight semester 
hours in the major at Milligan College and meet all the College's general edu- 
cation requirements (see General Education Requirements). Students who 
seek a second bachelor's degree may be eligible for financial aid. Questions 
regarding financial aid for a second degree are directed to the Financial Aid 
Office (423.461.8949 or 800.447.4880). 



Tuition and Fees 

Application Fee (non-refundable) 

Total Tuition ($275 per semester hour) 

First Term 

Second Term 

Third Term 

Fourth Term 

Graduation Fee (added to Fourth Term Tuition) 

*Posting Fee (per semester hour) 

Technology Access Fee (per term) 



$30 
$13,200 

$3,300 

$3,300. 

$3,300. 

$3,300 
$35 
$10 
$87 



*Credit earned through military training, credit by examination (includes 
CLEP and DANTES), and any other non-traditional assessment carries a $10 
per credit posting fee. Additional fees may be charged by the testing organiza- 
tion. 

Students who must complete courses in addition to the major may register for 
additional courses at Milligan College. Tuition charges are based upon the 
current rate multiplied by the number of semester hours credit attached to 
the course(s). 

Students whose accounts are placed on hold by the student accounts director 
due to lack of sufficient payment will not be able to register. Students who 
are not registered may not attend class or earn a grade. Those students must 
contact the student accounts coordinator to work out a payment arrangement 
before continuing in classes. 



Tuition Reimbursement 

All students who use tuition reimbursement from their employer to pay their 
tuition must present two documents to the student accounts coordinator prior 
to or at registration: a letter from the employer stating the company's reim- 
bursement policy and a deposit check of $1,207. This deposit covers the 
tuition for the first course ($1,100), the technology fee for the first term 
($87), and the lifetime transcript fee ($20). 

A statement for each term is provided to the employee-student. This state- 
ment is designed to aid the student with the reimbursement process through 
the employer. Tuition is the responsibility of the student, not the employer. 

Institutional Scholarships 

Institutional scholarships are available only to students who pursue majors 
other than the ADCP business administration major. ADCP students are eli- 
gible to apply for state and federal tuition assistance programs, for employer 
reimbursement when applicable, and any other scholarship programs. 



Degree Requirements 

The student who completes the Bachelor of Science degree with a major in 
business administration must meet all general education requirements (GER). 
Students are not required to complete a minor; elective hours can constitute 
the balance of the degree. The degree requirements are as follows: 

1. Successful completion of 128 semester hours 

2. Successful completion at Milligan College of the forty-eight semester 
hours in the business administration major 

3. A cumulative grade point average of 2.0 on all work (4.0 scale) 

4. Successful completion of the general education requirements 

5. Completion of the senior examination 



General Education Requirements (GER) 

Some general education requirements (GER) are met in the ADCP business 
administration major. Students who choose to complete a second major are 
not required to complete any additional GER. General education require- 
ments are graduation requirements and, thus, are not an admission factor. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



56 business (ADCP) 



Withdrawals (intentional and 
unintentional) 

Students inwntin naHy withdraw when they complete the appropriate paper- 

Do withdraw from a course or from the College- Unintentional with- 
drawal occurs when the student stops attending class and/or fails officially to 
withdraw. Urir.:er.7: 7_7 withdrawal is a decision that has serious conse- 
quences regarding both academics and ^-manrial aid. The accumulation oi sig- 
nificant tardiness/absence in a course, for anv reason, can result in uninten- 
tional wirhdrawaL Unintentional withdrawal can result in a final course grade 

leadEne to withdraw offidaHr from an ADCP course with a grade of 
~W~ is prorated for the specific length of die diss as follows: 



Class Length 

7 _: — ; sks 
Five weeks 
Six weeks 



Deadline for Withdrawal 
End of 2* class 
End of 3° class 

End of 4* class 
End of 4* class 



Sriiier.ri inter,- :r_iiv — -hcr^— l^r ~: m elates receive "Ws." The grade of 
"7" is recorded for a student who withdraws (intend e nalh : -7.7:777 " :: ... 
after the withdrawal date. Students who choose Co withdraw from a course 
must notify the Office for lifelong Learning. A staff member from that 
. :£re "-— z:--~'.t:t the 177:. piiate paperwork : affect the withdrawal 
77-7.77-77. 7-77. :': 7- ; .:• ■ . .7 . 7. . 7 77-7. - ; : 77;; 

---77 7 rr 'saalire withdrawal can occur when a student fails to meet the prereq- 
■ for a particular course, or when a student fails to attend the first two 
class meetings. However, the College is not obligated to provide admioistra- 
rive withdrawal, as it is the student's responsibility to manage attendance and 
registration. 

7:_7;-: ; --.-. :;:;777r7; ft. 7: 7 is necessary :: 777:777— &om die major must 
7 .: 77: the 7 BSce for lifelong Learning with written rationale regarding the 
decision. That written request is attached to a withdrawal form that is routed 
:: 7: ::::::77: f:_e7_ ff.;;? 

Any refund of tuition or fees in case of withdrawal is governed bv the refund 
policy in the finances section. The registrar makes anv exceptions to stated 
academic withdrawal policy. 

Students receiving fmanrnl aid who choose to withdraw or who unintention- 
ally withdraw from a course or from the maj : t must understand that their 
decision can hare significant consequences related to financial aid. 



Failing Grades/Incomplete 

A ;7_7±7: 777; fails 7 course — iie :■: "F" 777 be permitted to continue 
with the same group in subsequent courses for the term so long as the course 
failed is not a prerequisiie to the following course. However, the course in 
77; failing grade was earned must be repeated successfully prior to 
graduation; a 2.25 cumulative GPA is required in the major for graduation. 
(See also Trobarion and Dismissal" bekrw.) In instances of serious personal 
emergency, a student may be unable to complete all the requirements in a 
particular course by the appointed datefsi. In such cases, The student must 
continue to attend class and must contact the instructor to request that an 
Incomplete i"\T grace be granted. The student must resolve the "F within 
six weeks of the course's final meeting through continuing work with the 
instructor. Only ii«W fytrarw rlitirar y rimi- stances .77 me student apply for 
_7 .7: 777. e:; —ade 777 the sis-week extension tc re- tre the "incomplete" 
grade. Students are reminded to make eve- effort to avoid "T" grades that 
are recorded on the tran>7777 



Repeating Courses 

Any student who must 01 wishes to repeat a course mav do so on a space- 
available basis. Tuition is paid for anv repeated courses at the current tuition 
rate for the group with which the student will meet for that repeated course. 
See Course Repeat Policv undet Academic Policies in this Catalog. 



Course Attendance 

Because of the concentrated scheduling and the emphasis upon participatory 
learning, students need to attend everv class meeting. Please note that the 
emphasis is on attendance in a course. Students are expected to arrive on 
time for each class session. Attendance has a positive effect upon the learning 
that occurs in any course, bur attendance is particularly important in con- 
densed courses. Although emergencies may cause a student to be late for 
class or actually to miss an entire session, such situations should be the 
exception rather than the rule. When an emergency requires tardiness or 
absence, it is the students responsibility to contact the instructor about 
missed assignments and class content. Making arrangements with a classmate 
to receive copies of class notes or a tape of the class can be useful but can- 
not equal attending class. Excessive absence can result in unintentional with- 
drawal and/or failure of the course. 



Calendar and Student Load 

Students enroll in major courses to total twelve semester hours each term. It 
is reco mm ended that the student not enroll in any additional courses outside 
the major. However, those students who conclude that additional course 
work is prudent mav take non-major courses if the student has the prior writ- 
ten consent of both the director of lifelong learning and associate registrar. 
Written consent is obtained when a Course Approval Form, available in the 
Office for Lifelong Learning, is completed- If the student fails to obtain writ- 
ten consent for non-major courses, Milligan College is not committed to 
apply those hours toward degree requirements. Although completion of all 
degree requirements is ultimately the responsibility of the student, this proce- 
dure supports accurate academic advising. 



Probation and Dismissal 

A student who fails to receive a 2.0 grade point average (GPA) during any 
period of enrollment at Milligan or who fails to have a 2.0 cumulative GPA al 
any rime is placed on academic probation or dismissed. The student's behav- 
iot and attitude exhibited toward academic pursuit are factors in determining 
probation or dismissal If a student fails to achieve a cumulative GPA of 2.0 
by the end of the term in which the student is currently enrolled, the College 
is not obligated to grant the privilege of furthet studv at Milligan College. 



Commencement and Baccalaureate 

Degree candidates are encouraged to participate in commencement cere- 
monies; ceremonies are conducted in May, August, and Decembet each year. 
Candidates for a degree are identified through their completion of the 
"Intent to Graduate"' form. Degree candidates must have met all degree 
requirements and the student's account must be paid in full prior to com- 
mencement. Arrangements must be completed as early as possible through 
the Registrar's Office, the Office for lifelong Learning, and the Business 
Office. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



business (ADCP) 57 



Course Descriptions 

ACCT 320B. Accounting for Managerial Decision Making • A focus on 
the meaningful comprehension of accounting fundamentals through an analy- 
sis of the relationships between accounting events and financial statements. 
Topics include: cash flows, financial statement analysis, budgeting, and stan- 
dards. Offered Term Two. Four semester hours. 

BADM 315B. Principles of Marketing - A survey of marketing principles 
and problems and a detailed analysis of markets, market prices, and marketing 
agents. Consideration is given to the struggle among the various agencies for 
the control of the market. Offered Term Three. Three semester hours. 

BADM 323B. Business Law - A study of the legal system with an introduc- 
tion to legal concepts as they relate to commercial transactions. The course 
also includes an examination of different business organizations and legisla- 
tion that regulates and affects such businesses. Offered Term Four. Four 
semester hours. 

BADM 362B. Human Resources Management - A study of the principles 
and policies governing employer-employee relationships and a consideration 
of the problems and practices of hiring, supervising, and terminating work- 
ers. Offered Term Three. Three semester hours. 

BADM 363B. Organizational Leadership - An introduction to leadership 
within an organizational context. The course explores the various dimensions 
of leadership and addresses how both leaders and followers are shaped by 
their organizational roles. Servant leadership (serving Christ as we serve oth- 
ers) is emphasized. Students apply these concepts to real world situations. 
Offered Term One. Two semester hours. 



ECON 201B. Macroeconomic Principles - A study of demand and supply, 
private and public economic sectors, national income accounting, theories of 
employment, business cycles, and economic growth. Offered Term One. 
Three semester hours. 

ECON 202B. Microeconomic Principles - A study of economic decision- 
making at an individual consumer and firm level. Particular attention is paid 
to the theories of consumer and firm behavior as well as the demand for and 
efficient utilization of resources. Offered Term One. Three semester hours. 

ECON 301B. Corporate Finance - A study of the basic financial structure 
of the corporate type of business enterprise. Emphasis is given to the various 
methods of financing and to the role that management plays in determining 
financial policy. Prerequisite: ACCT 320. Offered Term Two. Four semester 
hours. 

MATH 213B. Business Statistics - A study of data analysis and statistical 
inference as well as various statistical methods applied to topics in business 
administration. Emphasis is placed upon the use of statistical inference to 
reduce the impact of limited information from which business people must 
draw conclusions and make decisions. Topics include descriptive statistical 
measures, probability, random samples, skewness, random variables, analysis 
of variance, correlation, and regression. Twelve certifications in statistical 
exercises and a group project assist students in achieving course objectives. 
Offered Term Two. Four semester hours. 



BADM 375B. Small Business Management - A study of the concepts and 
theories that will help the student create, manage, and gain profit from a small 
business. Emphasis is upon those aspects of management uniquely important 
to small firms. Case studies and a research paper are significant parts of this 
study that partners theory with student experience in business and industry. 
Offered Term Four. Four semester hours. 

BADM 4MB. Principles of Management and Supervision - An examina- 
tion of leadership styles and motivational theory as applied to the manage- 
ment and supervision of people in business and institutional communities. 
Negotiations and arbitration are included in this focus. Offered Term Three. 
Three semester hours. 

BADM 470B. Business Strategy - An integrated study of the functional 
areas of finance, marketing, and management through a series of readings, 
lectures, and case analyses. This study of corporate and business level policy 
and strategy making is developed using a top management perspective. A 
comprehensive final project requiring significant research and case analysis is 
presented at the conclusion of the course. Prerequisites: BADM 31 5B, 401 B, 
and ECON 301B. It is strongly suggested that students complete all other 
courses in the major prior to Business Strategy as this capstone course inte- 
grates the entire curriculum. Offered Term Four. Four semester hours. 

BIBL 471B. Christ and Culture - A study of the impact of the Christian 
faith as found in the New Testament upon contemporary Western culture. 
Some attention is given to conflicting ideologies expressed in literature, art, 
music, and media in the light of a biblical world. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 
124. Offered Term Three. Three semester hours. 

CIS 27SB. Computer Applications - A study of the Windows environment 
and current Windows applications. "Hands-on" experience with word pro- 
cessing, spreadsheet, relational database, and presentation software empha- 
sizes their utilization in a business environment. A student portfolio consist- 
ing of documents produced in each application is a significant course project. 
Offered Term One. Four semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



58 chemistry 



Chemistry 

Area of Scientific Learning 



The chemistry major supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

The chemistry curriculum is designed for the student planning a career in 
industry, research, engineering, teaching, or the biological sciences. It also 
contributes to the application of this science to daily life. 

Graduates with a major in chemistry are expected to (1) demonstrate skills in 
laboratory practices and instrumental techniques; (2) be capable of interpret- 
ing, evaluating, and clearly communicating scientific information in yerbal 
format, written format, and/or computer-based technology; (3) be familiar 
with basic information contained in physics and mathematics or biology and 
physics or physics and mathematics; (4) demonstrate proficiency in three or 
more of the four major branches of chemistry (inorganic, organic, analytical, 
and physical). 



Chemistry major - B.A. (24 hours) 

The Bachelor of Arts degree is designed for students interested in chemistry 
but desiring a broad choice of electives not in the sciences. 

CHEM 170 and 171 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 202 Quantitative Analysis (4 hrs) 
CHEM 301 and 302 Organic Chemistry (8 hrs) 

CHEM elective (4 hrs) excluding CHEM 150 Chemistry and Society and 
151 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry 

Other required courses (11 - 12 hrs): 

MYTH 21 1 Calculus I (4 hrs) OR 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

PHYS 203 and 204 General Physics/Calculus (8 hrs) 



Other required courses (20 hrs): 
MATH 21 1 and 212 Calculus (8 hrs) 
MATH 303 Multivariable Calculus (4 hrs) 
PHYS 203 and 204 General Physics (8 hrs) 



Chemistry major - B.S. (32 hrs) 

Track 2 - designed for paramedical fields and educa- 
tion 

This B.S. degree is intended for students interested in pursuing entrance into 
paramedical curricula (for example, pharmacy, physical therapy, optometry 
and other similar programs) or seeking teaching licensure in chemistry. For 
additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a list of 
courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs section 
of the Catalog. 

CHEM 170 and 1"1 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 202 Quantitative Analysis 
CHEM 301 and 302 Organic Chemistry (8 hrs) 

CHEM electives (12 hrs) excluding CHEM 150 Chemistry and Society 
and 151 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry 

Other required courses (14-15 hrs): 
MYTH 211 Calculus I and 213 Statistics (7 hrs) OR 
MATH 111 College Algebra I and 213 Statistics (6 hrs) 
PHYS 203 and 204 General Physics (8 hrs) 

Pre-requirements for paramedical programs van' depending on the program 
and the institution. Students must check the pre-requirements for admission 
to the programs they are interested in applying to and, with the help of their 
adviser, adjust their course of study so that the institution's pre-requirements 
are met 

Eleven hours of the general education requirements (8 lab science and 3 
math) are fulfilled in the chemistry major. 



Chemistry minor (20 - 21 hrs) 

CHEM 170 and 171 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 301 and 302 Organic Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 202 Quantitative Analysis (4 hrs) OR 310 Biochemistry (5 hrs) 



Foreign language through the intermediate level is required for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree. 



Chemistry major - B.S. (32 hours) 

Track I - designed for graduate study or chemical 
industry 

This B.S. degree is intended for students interested in pursuing graduate stud- 
ies in chemistry or working in the chemical industry. 

CHEM 170 and 171 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 

CHEM 202 Quantitative Analysis (4 hrs) and 203 Instrumental Analysis 

(4 hrs) 
CHEM 301 and 302 Organic Chemistry (8 hrs) 
CHEM 401 Physical Chemistry I (4 hrs) 
CHEM elective (4 hrs) excluding CHEM 150 Chemistry and Society and 

151 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



chemistry 59 



Course Descriptions 



CHEM 150. Chemistry and Society - A one-semester chemistry course 
which focuses upon chemistry in the context of every day experiences. Topics 
such as alternative fuels, plastics and polymers, nutrition, genetic engineering, 
and acid rain will be discussed within the context of their social, political, and 
ethical implications. The underlying chemical principles will be included on a 
need-to-know basis to help students develop critical thinking skills in the area 
of consumer chemistry. Not applicable toward a chemistry major or minor 
unless by consent of the Chair of Scientific Learning. Three-hour lecture and 
two-hour laboratory per week. Offered fall term each year. Four semester 
hours. 

CHEM 151. Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry - A one-semester 
Sjirvej of organic chemistry, including structure and nomenclature, functional 
groups, functional group reactivity, biologically important molecules, and 
introduction to human metabolism and nutrition. Not applicable toward a 
chemistry major or minor unless by consent of the Chair of Scientific 
Learning. Prerequisite: CHEM 150, 170, or consent of the instructor. Three 
hours lecture, one-hour recitation, and one two-hour laboratory per week. 
Offered spring term each year. Four semester hours. 

CHEM 170-171. General Chemistry - A study of the principles of general 
chemistry including atomic/molecular structure, bonding, stoichiometry, equi- 
libria, kinetics and descriptive chemistry of the elements. Laboratory work 
includes basic laboratory techniques and Qualitative Analysis during the sec- 
ond semester. Prerequisite: algebra, high school chemistry or CHEM 150, or 
consent of the instructor. Students wishing to take this course to fill the labo- 
ratory science general education requirement must have the consent of the 
instructor. Three hours lecture, one hour of recitation, and one three-hour 
laboratory per week. CHEM 170 and 171 are offered as a year sequence 
beginning in the fall term each year. Four semester hours each semester. 



CHEM 401-402. Physical Chemistry - The study of the states of matter, 
elementary thermodynamics, solutions, electromotive force, chemical and 
ionic equilibria colloids, and atomic and nuclear structure. Prerequisites: 
CHEM 302 and PHYS 203 and 204. CHEM 401 and 402 are offered as a 
year sequence beginning in the fall term even years. Four semester hours each 
semester. 

CHEM 405. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry - Modern bonding theories 
are presented and applied to inorganic compounds, especially to coordination 
compounds. The effects of structure and bonding on chemical properties are 
explored. Synthesis and characterization of a variety of compounds are car- 
ried out in the laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM 202 or concurrent enrollment. 
Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory per w-eek. Offered spring 
term even years. Four semester hours. 

CHEM 490. Research Problem - Research on special problems in chem- 
istry under the direct supervision of an instructor. Prerequisites: twenty hours 
of chemistry and consent of the faculty member to direct the research prob- 
lem. Offered as needed. One to four semester hours. 

CHEM 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics vary from semester to semester. One to three semester 
hours. 



CHEM 202. Quantitative Analysis - A course including representative 
types of gravimetric and volumetric analysis and a study of the techniques 
and fundamental principles of analytical chemistry and the stoichiometric 
problems. Offered fall term odd years. Four semester hours. 

CHEM 203. Instrumental Analysis - An introduction to the theory and 
application of electrometric, spectrometric, and chromatographic methods of 
analysis. Prerequisite: CHEM 170 and 171 or consent of the instructor. Three 
hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Offered spring term 
odd years. Four semester hours. 

CHEM 301-302. Organic Chemistry - A study of the structure, nomencla- 
ture, preparation, reactivity, spectroscopic techniques, and functional group 
analysis of organic compounds, aliphatic and aromatic. Prerequisite: CHEM 
171. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. CHEM 301 
and 302 are offered as a year sequence beginning in the fall term each year. 
Four semester hours each semester. 

CHEM 310. Biochemistry - A comprehensive study of the chemical 
process taking place in living cells with special emphasis on metabolism and 
related chemical principles. Prerequisites: CHEM 301 and 302 or the consent 
of the instructor. Offered fall term each year. Five semester hours. 

CHEM 311. Organic Qualitative Analysis - A course in the standard meth- 
ods of identification of organic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 302 or con- 
current enrollment. Offered spring term even years. Four semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



60 children's ministry 



Children's Ministry 

Area of Biblical Learning 

Ministering to children in our society has become a significant service for 
Christians. Childhood is obviously a formative time of life, and being able to 
help children come to know Jesus as the Christ through scripture and the 
love and support of the church rises to great prominence as a form of 
Christian mini stry. Children's ministers quite often meet the needs of entire 
families in the process of helping and ministering to children. 

Preparing people for this emphasis in ministry fits very well into the mission 
of Milligan College. It clearly supports "A Positive, Personal Faith that Jesus 
is Lord and Savior" for that is the strength of this ministry and the whole 
reason for people pursuing this calling. Likewise, by affirming the necessity of 
integrity in any role of mini stry this specialization affirms "A Commitment 
to Follow the Teachings of the Christian Scripture in One's Personal and 
Social Ethics." The "Capacity to Recognize and Assume Responsibility in 
Society" obviously undergirds any professional mini stry role, and a concern 
for "The Knowledge, Meaning, and Application of Sound Scholarship" is 
emphasized as part of a liberal arts education at Millig an College. More 
specifically, the focus on children leads naturally to "Participation in the 
Activities of a Healthy Lifestyle." Quite definitely, preparation for children's 
mini stry supports Millig an College's overall mission. 

The Children's Ministry track in the Bible major, or the Children's Ministry 
minor, prepares a person to participate fully in a ministerial staff of a local 
church and be able to assume other roles in addition to the focus on children. 
Because of the strong emphasis toward Bible and ministry, students are 
advised to take extra courses in child development and/ or child psychology, 
and to consider electives from early childhood or elementary education back- 
grounds in order to broaden their readiness for working direcdy with chil- 
dren. Generally, such a ministry involves working with children from nursery 
age up through elementary and sometimes middle school ages. But ministers 
for both children and youth will find this minor or the children's ministry 
track in the Bible major effective for service preparation, as will people work- 
ing with camps, Christian schools, evangelistic efforts, and other parachurch 
ministries. 

Millig an College expects those who graduate with a Bible major and an 
emphasis in Children's Ministry track to: (1) be equipped to stay abreast of 
changes in mini stry to children and family involvement in the church and 
serve effectively through them; (2) be prepared for service in a leadership role 
of ministry in the church and able to function as part of a team/ staff rela- 
tionship; (3) have a good foundation in biblical, church historical and practi- 
cal studies in order to prepare and deliver sound teaching to children and 
their families and to continue in lifelong learning; (4) be equipped to pursue 
seminary of graduate education with a good preparation for that advanced 
study, and (5) provide a good Christian example as a student of scripture and 
disciple of Jesus. Emphases of spiritual dependence upon God, solid aca- 
demic study, including serious study of the Bible itself, and practices of both 
integrity and effectiveness highlight this program of study. 



Bible major - B.A. (39 hrs) 

Children's Ministry track (see "Bible") 

The Bible major with the Children's Ministry track — requiring 39 minim um 
hours — leads to the BA. degree, which requires intermediate proficiency in 
a foreign language. Language proficiency satisfies a general education require- 
ment, not a requirement of the Bible major. For biblical studies beyond 
undergraduate work, Greek (or Hebrew when available) is strongly recom- 
mended. 



Children's Ministry minor (21 hrs) 

Milligan College offers a minor in Children's Ministry, which consists of 21 
hours outlined below. Students pursuing the Children's Ministry minor are 
strongly encouraged to take PSYC 252 or 253 as three hours of their social 
learning requirement 

BIBL 201 Jesus in the Gospels (3 hrs) 

BLBL 21 1 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

BIBL elective (3 hrs) 

CMTX 217 Foundation for Youth and Children's Ministry (3 hrs) 

CMJTN 317 Materials and Methods of Children's Ministries (2 hrs) 

HIST 275 Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 
Nineteenth Century (1 hr) 

HIST 341 and 342 Church History (6 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Christian ministry 61 



Christian Ministry 

Area of Biblical Learning 

Ministry or service, especially in the name of Christ, provides the fullest 
expression of realizing what Milligan College seeks to achieve. Motivation for 
ministry must come from "A Positive, Personal Christian Faith that Jesus is 
Lord and Savior" (the first statement of Milligan's Mission Statement) or it 
will never be effective or long lasting. Likewise, "A Commitment to Follow 
the Teachings of the Christian Scripture in One's Personal and Social Ethics," 
"The Capacity to Recognize and Assume Responsibility in Society," and "The 
Knowledge, Meaning, and Application of Sound Scholarship" all find oppor- 
tune expression in Christian ministry. All of these are addressed specifically in 
the Bible major. 

The Christian ministry minor prepares people for serving Christ in a variety 
of ways, especially as a bi-vocational or volunteer leader. With the basic con- 
cept of Milligan College that "every Christian is a minister" of some type, 
this minor can prepare people specifically for service in a church setting or a 
church-related organization. Classes with this focus form a significant part of 
each major in the area of biblical learning, and the use of them as a minor 
provides a supplement to whatever other major is selected, positioning a per- 
son for effective service in a broad range of roles. 

Milligan College expects those who graduate with Christian ministry minors 
to (1) be prepared to assist in a leadership role of ministry in the church; (2) 
understand enough of the workings of a church staff to assume a position of 
responsibility in a church; (3) have a good sampling of biblical, church histori- 
cal, and practical studies to encourage lifelong learning; (4) provide a good 
Christian example as a student of scripture. Emphases of spiritual depend- 
ence upon God, solid academic study including serious study of the Bible 
itself, and practices of both integrity and effectiveness highlight a Christian 
ministry minor from Milligan. 

Bible major - B.A. (37-39 hrs) 

See "Bible" for the major and information about specific emphases in vari- 
ous forms of Christian ministry. 



Christian Ministry minor (21 hrs) 

BIBL 201 Jesus in the Gospels (3 hrs) 

BIBL 21 1 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

BIBL elective (3 hrs) 

CMIN 265 Effective Christian Evangelism or 276 Homiletics (2 hrs) 

CMIN 273 Introduction to Ministry (3 hrs) 

HIST 275 Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 

Nineteenth Century (1 hr) 
HIST 341 and 342 Church History (6 hrs) 

A major course of study must be other than the Bible major. 



Course Descriptions 

CMIN 217. Foundation for Youth and Children's Ministry - A solid 
foundation in the nature and importance of the church's ministry to youth 
and children. Emphases include the nature and mission of the church as well 
as the personal and professional life of the youth or children's minister. Some 
field experience is included. Prerequisite: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered fall term 
each year. Three semester hours. 

CMIN 250. Practical Ministries Colloquium A - Part of a series of practi- 
cally oriented discussions of ministry in its various forms, comprised primari- 
ly of guest speakers and small group discussions, focusing on missions, 
Christian unity, and church and government. Required for the Bible major. 
Offered fall term alternate years. One-half hour per semester. 

CMIN 251. Practical Ministries Colloquium B - Part of a series of very 
practically oriented discussions of ministry in its various forms, comprised 
primarily of guest speakers and small group discussions, focusing on evangel- 
ism and "marketing," counseling, weddings, and funerals. Required for the 
Bible major. Offered spring term alternate years. One-half hour per semester. 

CMIN 252. Practical Ministries Colloquium C - Part of a series of very 
practically oriented discussions of ministry in its various forms, comprised 
primarily of guest speakers and small group discussions, focusing on ministe- 
rial ethics, finances, and church administration. Required for the Bible major. 
Offered fall term alternate years. One-half hour per semester. 

CMIN 253. Practical Ministries Colloquium D - Part of a series of very 
practically oriented discussions of ministry in its various forms, comprised 
primarily of guest speakers and small group discussions, focusing on worship, 
music, baptism, and communion. Required for the Bible major. Offered 
spring term alternate years. One-half hour per semester. 

CMIN 261. Introduction to Christian Education - A survey course intro- 
ducing the student to the total program of Christian education in the local 
church. Principles, organization, curriculum, methods, leadership, and related 
matters are treated. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered spring term 
each year. Two semester hours. 

CMIN 265. Effective Christian Evangelism - A focus on current forms 
and styles of Christian evangelism, following a brief overview of New 
Testament scriptures about evangelism and some methods used in the past. 
Some attention is also given to personal efforts at sharing Christian faith. 
Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered spring term alternate years. Two 
semester hours. 

CMIN 270. Introduction to Christian Missions - A study of the biblical 
and theological basis for missions, pointing out the implications of ecumen- 
ics, anthropology, and changing world conditions for present missionary prac- 
tice. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered spring term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

CMIN 271. History of Christian Missions - A survey of the history and 
progress of missions since the beginning of Christianity. Same as HIST 271. 
Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered spring term alternate years. Three 
semester hours. 



CMIN 273. Introduction to Ministry - A preliminary study of homiletics, 
church administration, worship leadership, ministerial ethics, and practical 
ministry (including attention to baptisms, weddings, funerals, etc.). Required 
for the Bible major. Prerequisites: COMM 102 and BIBL 123 and 124. 
Offered fall term each vear. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



CMIN 276. Homiletics - A continued study of the preparation and delivery 
of sermons, with considerable emphasis on student preaching and evaluation. 
Prerequisites: CMIN 273 and BIBL 123 and 124. Offered spring term alter- 
nate years. Two semester hours. 



62 coaching 



CMIN 317. Materials and Methods of Children's Ministries - A study of 
models and resources for ministering to children in the church. Prerequisites: 
BIBL 123 and 124 and CMIN 217 or prior permission of instructor. Offered 
spring term alternate years. Two semester hours. 

CMIN 318. Materials and Methods of Youth Ministries - A study of the 
ayailable models and resources for ministering to youth in the church. 
Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124 and CMIN 217 or prior permission of 
instructor. Offered spring term alternate years. Two semester hours. 

CMIN 365. Christian Worship - A study focused on the leadership of 
Christian worship in a public context, including both practical and theological 
considerations. Some attention is giyen to planning and coordinating the vari- 
ous facets of a public service. Guest speakers and possible field trips are 
included. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered spring term alternate 
years. Three semester hours. 



Coaching 

Area of Education 



The coaching minor supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

■ Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical and theatrical groups, student 
clubs, student government, and other campus-sponsored extracurricular 
endeayors, in preparation for life-long participation in similar activities. 






CMIN 375. Narrative and Story-Telling - The study and practice of devel- 
oping and using stories and other narrative forms to communicate biblical 
truth. Exercises involve the application of narrative materials to both sermon 
and lesson formats. Attention is given to using literary narrative materials as 
well as creating stories from one's own experience and observations. 
Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered periodically. Two semester hours. 

CMIN 430. Servanthood in the Third Millennium - An examination of 
the nature of servanthood and the formation of the servant of Christ for the 
world. Topics include identity of the servant, spiritual formation, the role of 
community, the servant and culture, preparation for service, and serving 
across cultural lines. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered periodically. 
Three semester hours. 



Coaching minor (19 hrs) 

The coaching minor prepares students to coach in school or community set- 
tings or also to pursue graduate studies in coaching. 

HPXS 270 The Science of Athletic Performance (3 hrs) 
HPXS 302 Coaching and Officiating (total of six hours 1 
HPXS 309 Sports Injuries (3 hrs) 
HPXS 310a First Aid and CPR (1 hr^ 
HPXS 322 Psychology and Philosophy of Coaching ;3 hrs 
HPXS 404 Organization and Management of Physical Education and 
Sports (3 hrs) 



CMIN 470. Current Issues in World Mission - A study of important 
movements and trends within the field of world mission. Topics of discus- 
sion include models of ministry, leadership and missions, the internationaliza- 
tion of mission, and mission to North America. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 
124. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

CMIN 491. Practicum in Ministry - involvement in ministry either in a 
local congregation or a mission field with approved supervision and evalua- 
tion. Arrangements are to be made through the Supervisor of Bible intern- 
ships. Two semester hours. Note: This requirement is normally met during a 
term of not less than eight weeks during the summer following the junior 
year at a location other than the student's home area. 

CMIN 491. Practicum in Missions - Involvement in ministry on a mission 
field with approved supervision and evaluation. Arrangements are made 
through the missions professor. Three semester hours. Note: This require- 
ment is normally met during a term of not less than eight weeks during the 
summer following the junior year. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



communications 63 



Communications 

Area of Performing, Visual, and Communicative Arts 

The communications major supports the following goal of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major field of study. 

■ The communications major prepares students to work in various special- 
ties of today's media and to adjust to the inevitable changes that are 
ahead. This is accomplished through a curriculum blending critical 
analyses, theoretical issues, and practical skills. Central to the major is an 
approach to the study of communications from a distincdy Christian 
worldview. 

Graduates with a major in communications are expected to 1) demonstrate an 
understanding of how various media shape modern life, emphasizing the rela- 
tionship between Christian faith and life; 2) demonstrate the ability to think 
and write clearly and effectively in their area of expertise (broadcasting, digital 
media studies, film studies, journalism, and public relations 3) demonstrate a 
practical knowledge of their area of expertise; 4) demonstrate knowledge of 
current research in their field of expertise; 5) demonstrate skill in computer 
applications relating to their area of expertise. 

The major in communications may be a B.A. program that requires comple- 
tion of a foreign language through the intermediate level. The student may 
elect the B.S. degree that requires CIS 275 and, in the journalism and public 
relations/advertising emphases, MATH 213. 

In addition to the 15 hours of core courses, a student must also complete 24 
hours in one of the following emphases: broadcasting, digital media stud- 
ies, film studies, journalism, or public relations. 



Additional Opportunities 

Summer Institute of Journalism (SIJ) 

A cooperative program with the Council for Christian Colleges and 
Universities, the Summer Institute of Journalism is a competitive, intensive 
four-week program in Washington, D.C Fifteen students are selected from 
among the 100-member CCCU institutions each summer. They spend part of 
each day in lectures, learning from journalists working in mainstream news 
organizations around the nation's capital. Students also write news and feature 
stories for local newspapers. Most expenses, including tuition and travel, are 
underwritten. SIJ is accepted for the three-hour internship requirement in the 
journalism emphasis. 

Los Angeles Film Studies Program (LAFSP) 

A semester-long, sixteen-credit hour program sponsored by the Council for 
Christian Colleges and Universities. This program allows students to study 
filmmaking in Los Angeles while doing internships at businesses in the enter- 
tainment industry. In addition, the student completes COMM 371 History of 
Fiction Film. 



Communications major - B.A. or B.S. 

(39 hrs) with emphases 
Required core courses (15 hrs) 

COMM 101 Introduction to Mass Media: Culture and Religion (3 hrs) 
COMM 201 Principles of Interpersonal Communication (3 hrsj 
COMM 205 Reporting for Public Media (3 hrs) 
COMM 270 Film and Television Aesthetics (3 hrs) 
COMM 432 Communications Law and Ethics (3hrs) 

Emphases 

Broadcasting (24 hrs) 

COMM 284 Digital Audio Production (3 hrs) 

COMM 323 DV Production and Non-Linear Editing (3 hrs) 

COMM 325 Broadcast Writing, Production, and Performance (3 hrs) 

COMM 424 Broadcast Lab (1-3 hrs) 

COMM 484 Radio Lab (1 hr) 

COMM 491 Internship (3 hrs) 

COMM 494 Senior Portfolio and Exam (1 hr) 

COMM electives (8-10 hrs) 

Digital Media Studies (24 hrs) 

COMM 323 DV Production and Non-Linear Editing (3 hrs) 

COMM 451 Multimedia Production I: History, Theory, and Management 

(3 hrs) 
COMM 452 Multimedia Production II: Design and Production (3 hrs) 
COMM 453 Digital Imaging (3 hrs) 
COMM 491 Internship (3 hrs) 
COMM 494 Senior Portfolio and Exam (1 hr) 
COMM electives (5 hrs) 
CIS 318 Web Theory and Design (3 hrs) 

Film Studies (24 hrs) 

COMM 275 Screenwriting Workshop (3 hrs) 

COMM 323 DV Production and Non-Linear Editing (3 hrs) 

COMM 372 History of Documentary Film OR COMM 373 History of 

Animated Film (3 hrs) 
COMM 470 Film and Television Criticism (3 hrs) 
COMM 475 Senior Film Workshop (Directed Studies) (3 hrs) 
COMM electives (9 hrs) 

Journalism (24 hrs) 

COMM 237 Basic Photography (3 hrs) 
COMM 315 History of Journalism (2 hrs) 
COMM 431 Feature Writing (3 hrs) 
Production skills electives (6 hrs) from: 

COMM 284 Digital Audio Production (3 hrs) 

COMM 313 Desktop Publishing Layout and Design (3 hrs) 

COMM 325 Broadcast Writing, Production, and Performance 
(3 hrs) 

COMM 331 Specialty Reporting and Writing (3 hrs) 

COMM 335 Editing and Style (3 hrs) 

COMM 433 The American Magazine (3 hrs) 

CIS 318 Web Theory and Design (3 hrs) 
Visual skills elective (3 hrs) from: 

COMM 323 DV Production and Non-linear Editing (3 hrs) 

COMM 337 Photojournalism (3 hrs) 

COMM 453 Digital Imaging (3 hrs) 

COMM 456 Graphic Design (3 hrs) 
Practicum (3 hrs; must emphasize journalistic content) from: 

COMM 481 Print Media Lab 

COMM 482 Visual Media Lab 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



64 communications 



CONDI 4S4 Radio Lab 

CONDI 485 Multimedia Lab 
CONDI 491 Internship (3 hrs) 
COMM 494 Senior Portfolio and Exam (1 hr) 

Note A student may pursue alternative paths through journalism in conjunc- 
tion nith bis/ber adviser. The convergent nature of journalism may direct a 
student to different applications such as print journalism, broadcast journal- 
ism, or digital journalism. 

Public Relations (24 hrs) 

COMM 31 1 Public Relations Practices (3 hrs) 
COMM 313 Desktop Publishing Layout and Design (3 hrs) 
COMM 341 Principles of Organizational Communication (3 hrs) 
Advanced writing component (3 hrs) from: 

COMM 41 1 Writing for Public Relations (3 hrs) 

CONDI 431 Feature Writing (3 hrs) 
COMM 491 Internship (3 hrs) 
COMM 483 Public Relations Lab (2 hrs) 
COMM 494 Senior Portfolio and Ex am (1 hr) 
BADM 304 Advertising (3 hrs) 
BADM 315 Marketing (3 hrs) 

Communications minor (18 hrs) 

CONDI 101 Introduction to Mass Media: Culture and Religion (3 hrs) 
CONDI 201 Principles of Interpersonal Communication (3 hrs) 
CONDI 205 Reporting for Public Media (3 hrs) 
CONDI 270 Film and Television Aesthetics (3 hrs) 
CONDI electives at the 300 and 400 level (6 hrs) 



Course Descriptions 



CONDI 101. Introduction to NIass Media: Culture and Religion - A 
foundational course designed to raise questions and issues about the interplav 
between mass media, faith, and culture. The emphasis of this course is on 
analyzing, from a Christian perspective, the relationship between and impact 
of media content, media use, individuals, belief systems, and societies. 
Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 102. Speech Communication - A study of the basic principles of 
interpersonal, small-group, and public communication with emphasis on pub- 
lic speaking. Exercises in each area focus attention on individual needs and 
skills. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 141. Fundamentals of Voice/Stage Movement - A survev course 
introducing the student to major vocal production and stage movement theorists 
as well as the LeCoq-based mask work and an introduction to stage dialects and 
stage combat Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 151. Introduction to Theatre - The historv and literature of the 
theatre from its Greek origins to the present This course is designed to help 
the student relate drama in its historical context to contemporary man Some 
emphasis is placed on films, dance, and musical theatre. The course is supple- 
mented by films, attendance at area performances, and production work on 
the current semester's drama production. Offered fall term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

CONDI 201. Principles of Interpersonal Communication - An introduc- 
tion to the processes and dynamics of human interaction, both in face-to- 
face settings and in small groups. The study includes both verbal and non- 
verbal forms of communication as well as material related to symbolic inter- 
action. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 202. Intermediate Speech Communication - A studv of the tech- 
niques of various types of speech communication, including the role of 
speech and the use of language in society. Prerequisite: one year of speech or 
debate in high school or permission of the instructor. Course offering to be 
announced. Three semester hours. 



CONDI 205. Reporting for Public Media - An introduction to and prac- 
tice in writing for newspapers, magazines, and aural/visual media. Proficiency 
in composition is a prerequisite. The course focuses on the styles of writing 
for each medium as well as the fundamentals of news writing itself Offered 
every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 237. Basic Photography - An introduction to the 35mm camera 
and basic darkroom procedures. Students develop confidence in picture-taking 
and picture-printing procedures. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 242. Fundamentals of Acting - A study of techniques in acting. 
Class exercises are designed to develop relaxation, concentration, and improv- 
isation skills. Audition techniques, monologue studies, and scene study are 
also emphasized. Laboratory experience includes participating in some facet 
of the current semester's drama production. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

CONDI 270. Film and Television Aesthetics - An introduction to the 
artistic elements of the motion picture. The detailed analysis of basic film 
techniques and how they might be creatively manipulated for expressive 
effect are combined with the screening of films appropriate to class discus- 
sion. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 275. Screenwriting Workshop - A studio course in writing for the 
short film. This course is prerequisite for all production courses in the film 
program, and students are expected to develop scripts that can be produced 
in subsequent filmmaking courses. Offered fall term each year. Three semes- 
ter hours. 

CONDI 280. Media Effects on Children and Adolescents - A seminar 
course in media literacy with an emphasis on the psychological, sodal, and 
educational effects on children and adolescents. The course includes discus- 
sion of the evolving nature of media and laws governing them. Such media 
include television, movies, the Internet, newspapers, magazines, music, and 
interactive video games. Discussion and assignments focus on the relative 
impact of these media on things such as body image, drug and alcohol use, 
sexuality, sociability, morality, and cognitive development An emphasis is 
placed on becoming a media literacy advocate within one's own family, 
school, and community. Offered January or Nlay term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

CONDI 284. Digital Audio Production - A study of the processing tech- 
niques dealing with both live and recorded sound. Primary emphasis is upon 
the manipulation of that sound for radio broadcast, although consideration is 
given to live and studio recording. Content includes the understanding of the 
physical aspects of the creation of sound, proper use of microphones, sound 
mixing, as well as principles and techniques of recording and play back Vocal 
sound production for speech and fundamentals of announcing are also cov- 
ered. Offered fall term odd years. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 310. Intermediate Photography - An opportunity for students to 
expand their understanding of techniques and ideas presented in Basic 
Photography. Emphasis is placed on personal interpretation and visual commu- 
nication. Prerequisite: CONDI 23". Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CONDI 311. Public Relations Practices - An introduction to the public 
relations process and industry, including a survev of tasks that are performed 
by every public relations practitioner. Emphasis is on the role of public rela- 
tions within the media system as well as in the American social and political 
economy. Prerequisite: CONDI 205. Offered fall term odd years. Three 
semester hours. 

CONDI 313. Desktop Publishing Layout and Design - A publishing 
course designed to give students practice and experience with the leading PC 
desktop program, QuarkXPress, to create professional-looking publications 
including newsletters, advertisements, stationery, flyers, business cards, and 
announcements. Other skills learned include scanning and editing photo- 
graphs using Adobe PhotoShop. Prerequisite: CIS 2~5. Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



communications 65 



COMM 315. History of Journalism - A study of the history and develop- 
ment of journalism, with particular attention given to the relationship 
between the press and Christian faith and practice. While the course focuses 
primarily on print journalism, it also includes broadcast and digital media. 
Offered spring term odd years. Two semester hours. 

COMM 323. DV Production and Non-Linear Editing - An introduction 
to the process of creating digital video media, whether for "limited" in-house 
use, web use, CD/DVD use, or for broadcasting purposes. The course pro- 
vides an orientation to digital video equipment and procedures essential for 
quality field and studio productions. Students use Adobe Premiere at comput- 
er workstations to complete non-linear edited video projects. Prerequisites: 
CIS 275 and COMM 313 are recommended. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

COMM 325. Broadcast Writing, Production, and Performance - A 

course in radio and television script writing for news, sports, and commercial 
broadcast media. Students concentrate on theory and skills used in profes- 
sional broadcast writing. Attention is given to the process of writing as a basis 
for production and as a way to supplement visual material. Writings focus on 
commercials, features, news, sports, and public service announcements. 
Attention is given to student on-camera performance. This course includes 
discussion regarding the history of the broadcast medium. Prerequisites: 
COMM 205 and 323. This course is a prerequisite for the Broadcast Lab. 
Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

COMM 331. Specialty Reporting and Writing - An in-depth look at the 
skills needed to apply basic reporting and news writing techniques to specific 
subjects such as science, sports, education, the arts, and religion. The empha- 
sis is on short, timely news reports. The class also considers trends in special- 
ty publications and news services. Prerequisite: COMM 205. Offered fall term 
even vears. Three semester hours. 

COMM 335. Editing and Style - A survey of the fundamentals of editing, 
style, layout, and production in print media such as newspapers, newsletters, 
and magazines. Attention is given to the impact of computers and emerging 
forms of technology, such as fiber optic networks. Lab work with The 
Stampede is required. Prerequisite: COMM 205 or consent of instructor. 
Offered spring term even years. Three semester hours. 

COMM 337. Photojournalism - An introduction to the relationship 
between photography and print media, including photographic techniques and 
processes. Special attention is given to the use of photographv as an aid to 
news presentation. Prerequisite: COMM 237. Offered spring term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

COMM 340. Fundamentals of Directing - A course emphasizing study of 
the various elements in the production of a play or a short film: theory, selec- 
tion of play or screenplay, production, interpretation of the play or film, 
scene design, costumes, and make-up. The course culminates in the direction 
of a one-act play or short film for the public. This course is especially recom- 
mended for students preparing to supervise play or film production in the 
public schools. Prerequisites: COMM 270 and 323. Offered spring term even 
years. Three semester hours. 

COMM 341. Principles of Organizational Communication - An 

overview of organizational communication and the role that it plays in the 
American system. Attention is given to the nature of leadership, organization- 
al structure in business and industry, and the role of communication in the 
process by which complex tasks are carried out. Offered spring term even 
years. Three semester hours. 

COMM 345. Dynamics of Group Communication - The study of how 
groups and collectivities of people organize and maintain themselves. The 
course includes a study of theories in group dynamics as well as an examina- 
tion of why groups sometimes fail. Offered spring term odd years. Three 
semester hours. 



COMM 371. History of Fiction Film - A survey of international narrative 
cinema, from the silent period to the present. Individual films, filmmakers, 
film movements, and film genres are studied, and important films from the 
respective periods are screened in whole or part. This course fulfills the ethnic 
studies course requirement in the general education core. Offered fall term 
each year. Three semester hours. 

COMM 372. History of Documentary Film - A survey of international 
non-fiction filmmaking from the silent period to the present, with a focus on 
individual documentary films, documentary filmmakers, documentary move- 
ments, and documentary genres. Class screenings introduce students to 
important and relevant examples of non-fiction cinema. Offered spring term 
each year. Three semester hours. 

COMM 373. History of Animated Film - A historical overview of motion 
picture animation, from the silent period to the present. Various animation 
techniques, animation styles, and animation artists are studied, and key exam- 
ples of animated films from around the world are screened in class. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

COMM 375. Cinematography Workshop - A course in basic 16mm 
motion picture photography, lighting, sound, and editing for films produced 
on location or within a studio setting. Short films produced in this course may 
be entered in festival competition. A lab fee is required. Prerequisites: COMM 
270, 275, and 323. Course offering to be announced. Three semester hours. 

COMM 377. Animation Workshop - A course in basic motion picture and 
digital animation techniques. Short films produced in this course may be 
entered in festival competition. Prerequisites: COMM 270 and 275. Course 
offering to be announced. Three semester hours. 

COMM 384. Digital Recording Techniques - A continuation of COMM 
284 with a focus on obtaining sound in a studio or field environment, editing, 
and manipulation of recorded material for content and time considerations. 
Topics include microphone selection and placement, remote and studio 
recording procedures, creation and use of sound effects, and news documen- 
taries. Prerequisite: COMM 284 or consent of the instructor. Offered fall 
term even years. Three semester hours. 

COMM 411. Writing for Public Relations - An introduction to the special- 
ty writing skills related to this industry. Special attention is given to the cre- 
ation of advertising copy for all mediums and the preparation of press releas- 
es and press kits. Intensive practice is given in the composition of brochures, 
newsletters, and informational speeches. Prerequisite: COMM 205. Offered 
fall term even years. Three semester hours. 

COMM 424. Broadcast Lab - An opportunity for broadcast students to 
reinforce the skills learned in the Non-Linear Digital Video Production and 
Editing course and the Broadcast, Writing, Production, and Performance 
course by becoming part of a broadcast team whose goal is to produce a 
quality thirty-minute weekly program which airs on local cable TV Students 
have the opportunity to write copy, anchor, edit, direct, technical direct, pro- 
duce, and serve as videographers, audio technicians, and studio and field cam- 
era operators to produce these programs. Prerequisites: COMM 205, 323, and 
325. Offered spring term each year. One to three semester hours. 

COMM 431. Feature Writing - A practical course in researching and writing 
in-depth feature articles for newspapers and magazines, including a survey of 
trends in feature writing. Students submit their work to campus publications 
and to regional or national periodicals. Prerequisite: COMM 205 or consent 
of instructor. Offered fall term odd j'ears. Three semester hours. 

COMM 432. Communications Law and Ethics - A course addressing 
major ethical and legal issues in various mass media, including the integration 
of Christian thinking and values with a career in the field. Prerequisites: 
COMM 101, 201, 205, and 270, or consent of the instructor. Offered spring 
term odd years. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



66 communications 



COMM 433. The American Magazine - A course designed to introduce 
and explore the fundamental principles and practices of magazine publishing. 
During the semester, students create a plan to publish a new magazine, learn- 
ing about concept development, editing, design, circulation, marketing, adver- 
tising, and finances. Students also discuss the history and cultural role of 
magazines in the United States and consider the impact of online publishing. 
Prerequisite: COMM 101 or 205 strongly advised but not required. Offered 
spring term even years. Three semester hours. 

COMM 451. Multimedia Production I: History, Theory, and 
Management - A survey of the history of digital media and reviews current 
and future technologies. The pre-production phase of interactive multimedia 
program development is examined. Aspects of multimedia relating to Web, 
CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Animation, and Virtual Reality are covered. 
Attention is given to the legal and ethical issues associated with digital media. 
This course includes hands-on research regarding client assessment that is 
used in COMM 452. This course also provides instruction using authoring 
software. Offered fall term each year. Three credit hours. 

COMM 452. Multimedia Production II: Design and Production - A 

course in which students develop and design a multimedia presentation for a 
client using authoring software. Students learn how to integrate digital media 
content, such as audio, video, and graphics to create an interactive multimedia 
project. This course is a continuation of elements covered in COMM 451 
and builds upon the student's previous knowledge of desktop publishing, 
audio and video production, and scanning as well as other computer applica- 
tions. Projects created may cover training, educational, and commercial con- 
tent. Prerequisites: COMM 313, 323, and 453. Offered spring term each year. 
Three credit hours. 

COMM 453. Digital Imaging - An introduction to the basic design tools of 
Adobe Photoshop followed by the exploration of the depths of pixel based 
image manipulation and the world-renowned industry standard software 
package. The course covers photo restoration, surreal image creation, web 
page/interface design and optimization, and artistic expression through digital 
media. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

COMM 454. 3D Modeling and Animation - A course designed to ensure a 
high level of experience and exposure to the tools used in the 3D graphic 
industry. Nurbs and spline modeling methods are used in the creation of 
photo realistic objects in the 3D environment. Strong emphasis is placed on 
lighting and texturing. Rendering, animation and particle systems are also top- 
ics addressed throughout the course. Course offering to be announced. Three 
semester hours. 

COMM 456. Graphic Design - A study of design principles, theories, and 
skills as applied to print, video, and web-based publication and production, 
with an emphasis on conceptual thinking and problem-solving. Practical tech- 
niques will be learned from conception to finished product. Students will 
complete projects using vector-based and other design software commonly 
used in various forms of mass media. Course offering to be announced. 
Three semester hours. 

COMM 470. Film and Television Criticism - A theoretical survey of the 
major literary, philosophical, ethical, and scientific approaches to motion picture 
analysis, perception, and understanding. Films that illustrate concepts discussed 
in class are screened. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

COMM 475. Senior Film Workshop (Directed Studies) - A studio course in 
independent short film production supervised by the film faculty. Students are 
required to enter the film produced in this course in festival competition. Pre- 
requisites: COMM 270, 275, and 375. Offered ever)' term. Three semester firs. 

COMM 481. Print Media Lab - A guided studies course in which students 
may receive course credit for advanced readings and special on-campus proj- 
ects in print journalism. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Offered every 
term. One-half to three semester hours. 



COMM 482. Visual Media Lab - A guided studies course in which students 
may receive course credit for advanced readings and special on-campus proj- 
ects in television, video, film, and other visual media. Prerequisite: consent of 
instructor. Course offering to be announced. One to three semester hours. 

COMM 483. Public Relations Lab - A guided studies course in which stu- 
dents may receive course credit for advanced readings and special on-campus 
projects in public relations. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Course offer- 
ing to be announced. One to three semester hours. 

COMM 484. Radio Lab - An opportunity for students to work with the 
campus FM radio station WUMC 90.5. COMM 284 plus two hours of 484 
are required of all broadcasting majors to be taken during the sophomore 
and junior years. Students perform a variety of tasks from administrative 
duties to on-air board shifts. Non-broadcasting majors may enroll with con- 
sent of the instructor. Offered every term. One to three semester hours. 

COMM 485. Multimedia Lab - A guided studies course in which students 
may receive course credit for advanced readings and for the production of 
special on- or off-campus projects using multimedia development techniques. 
Prerequisite: consent of instructor. One to three semester hours. 

COMM 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings that 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
Course offering to be announced. One to three semester hours. 

COMM 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
that provides for individualized study. Course offering to be announced. One 
to three semester hours. 

COMM 491. Internship - A practicum experience in which students work in 
a professional setting using media skills from major courses, either in print, 
visual, digital or public relations media. Offered every term. Prerequisite: sen- 
ior standing or consent of instructor. Three semester hours. 

COMM 492. Journalism Honors - A tutorial course providing an opportu- 
nity for seniors to work intensively on a major nonfiction article for publica- 
tion. Students meet regularly one-to-one with a journalism professor as they 
work through the process of writing and submission for publication, including 
reporting, researching markets, writing drafts, and undergoing critiques. 
Students must apply to the journalism faculty for admission; only two students 
are accepted per semester. Priority is given to senior communications majors 
with a journalism emphasis, but other seniors and rising seniors from any dis- 
cipline are welcome to apply. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

COMM 494. Senior Portfolio and Exam - The preparation of a profes- 
sional portfolio, a requirement of all students with an emphasis in broadcast- 
ing, digital media studies, journalism, or public relations/advertising during 
one of their final two semesters before graduation. Students also read and 
prepare for the comprehensive senior exam. Offered every spring and in fall 
as needed. One semester hour. 

COMM 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, writing, and concentration in areas beyond regular 
course offerings. Topics vary from term to term. Course offering to be 
announced. One to three semester hours. 



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computer information systems 67 



Computer 
Information Systems 

Area of Business 

The computer information systems major supports the following goals of 
Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, and to understand a significant body of material in their major field 
of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

The major in computer information systems (CIS) is designed to prepare stu- 
dents for careers as programmers/analysts, lead programmers, management 
information systems directors, and systems project leaders for applications in 
business, industry, and government. 

Course work in this major emphasizes systems analysis and design, program- 
ming, and management. It is recommended that students with a major in 
computer information systems complete a minor in a business-related area. 

Graduates with a major in computer information systems are expected to (1) 
possess a thorough understanding of the information systems analysis and 
design process, as well as the development (programming) and implementa- 
tion (hardware, software, networking) processes of computing applications in 
a business environment; (2) possess oral and written communication skills 
necessary to convey technical information in a business or technical environ- 
ment; (3) have acquired knowledge and skills needed for positions in a variety 
of computer/business-related fields. 

Computer Information Systems major 
B.A. or B.S. (39 hrs) 

CIS 201 Introduction to Information Systems (3 hrs) 

CIS 211 Programming I (3 hrs) 

CIS 275 Computer Applications (3 hrs) 

CIS 297 Visual Basic (3 hrs) 

CIS 305 Database Theory and Applications (3 hrs) 

CIS 341 Systems Analysis and Design (3 hrs) 

CIS 420 Data Communication and Networking (3 hrs) 

CIS 450 Systems Project Management (3 hrs) 

CIS 491 Internship (3 hrs) 

BADM 365 Operations Management (3 hrs) 

MATH 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Electives in CIS (6 hrs) 

Foreign language through the intermediate level is required for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree. 



Computer Information Systems minor 
(27 hrs) 

CIS 201 Introduction to Information Systems (3 hrs) 

CIS 21 1 Programming I (3 hrs) 

CIS 297 Visual Basic (3 hrs) 

CIS 275 Computer Applications (3 hrs) 

CIS 305 Database Theory and Applications (3 hrs) 

CIS 341 Systems Analysis and Design (3 hrs) 

CIS 420 Data Communication and Networking (3 hrs) 

MATH 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Electives in CIS (3 hrs) 

MATH 213 fulfills the general education requirement in mathematics. 
Proficiency tests are available for CIS 21 1 and 275 for students who already 
have knowledge in these areas. 

Course Descriptions 

CIS 201. Introduction to Information Systems - An introductory course in 
information systems. The primary objective is to build a basic understanding 
of the value and use of information technology for business operations, man- 
agerial decision-making, and strategic advantage. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

CIS 211. Programming I - An introduction to all aspects of programming 
and the problem-solving process. A structured high-level language is used 
with emphasis on designing, coding, debugging, and documenting programs. 
Laboratory use of a computer is an integral part of the course. Offered fall 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

CIS 212. Advanced Programming - A second course in programming, 
going beyond the procedural concepts into an object-oriented process, using 
specific object-oriented techniques such as objects, classes, inheritance, and 
polymorphism. Laboratory use of a computer is an integral part of the 
course. Prerequisite: CIS 211. Offered spring term alternate years. Three 
semester hours. 

CIS 213. COBOL - A study of programming techniques appropriate to the 
preparations of business oriented computer systems using the COBOL pro- 
gramming language. The study covers program design standards and program 
modularity as well as debugging and testing techniques. Laboratory use of a 
computer is an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: CIS 21 1 . Offered fall 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

CIS 275. Computer Applications - A study of the Windows environment 
and current Windows applications including "hands-on" experience with 
word processors as well as spreadsheets, data base, and presentation software. 
Keyboarding skills are assumed. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

CIS 297. Visual BASIC - An introduction to Windows application program- 
ming using Visual BASIC, an evolutionary step in simplification of Windows 
programming. A knowledge of BASIC programming is helpful but not essen- 
tial. The student should also have knowledge of the Windows operating envi- 
ronment. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

CIS 305. Database Theory and Applications - A basic overview of 
Relational Database Systems and Relational Database Design. The student 
acquires a working knowledge of Microsoft ACCESS and the ISO standard 
SQL language. Prerequisite: CIS 21 1 or equivalent. Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

CIS 313. Advanced COBOL - A transitional course from procedural 
COBOL (Computer Information Systems 213) to object-oriented COBOL. 
This course involves usage of an object-oriented COBOL compiler, object- 
oriented design with classes, inheritance, and information hiding. Prerequisite: 
CIS 213. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



68 early childhood development 



; CIS 318. Web Theory and Design - An introduction to the World Wide 
Web as both a user and a developer. This course is designed to take the user 
from creating web pages to designing a large Web site. Emphasis is on web 
design strategies and the use of existing software applications that generate 
web-readv code. Other topics include HTML and multi-media integration. 
Prerequisite: CIS 2~5 or permission of instructor. Offered spring term each 
year. Three credit hours. 

. CIS 341. Systems Analysis and Design - A study of system design and 
implementation methods commonly used. The course provides an overview 
of the system development life cvde and in-depth coverage of the analysis 
phase of the life cvde. Use of a computer is an integral part of the course. 
Prerequisites: CIS 211 and 305. Offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

CIS 420. Data Communication and Networking - An introduction to data 
transmission concepts and techniques. Topics induded are: transmission 
media, analog and digital signals, data transmissions, multiplexing, network 
topologies, data security Ethernet, token rings, and wide area network proto- 
col. Prerequisite: CIS 211. Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

CIS 441. Software and Hardware Concepts - A survey of technical topics 
related to computer svstems with emphasis on relationships among hardware 
architecture, svstems software, and application software. Prerequisite: CIS 
211. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

CIS 450. Systems Project Management - A senior project course in which 
students incorporate all aspects of previous study in computer information 
systems such as computer applications, progra mm i ng , systems analysis, hard- 
ware/software concepts, and data communication to solve a real-life business 
problem. Prerequisites: CIS 305, 341, and 420. Open to senior computer 
information system majors only or by permission of the instructor. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

CIS 491. Internship - A practicum experience in which students work in a 
professional setting using computer information svstems s kills from their 
major courses. Prerequisite: consent of major professor. Offered every term. 
One to six semester hours. 

CIS 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not induded in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. Prerequisite: 
permission of the instructor or major professor. Offered periodically. One to 
three semester hours. 



Early Childhood 
Development I 

Area of Education 

Non-licensure Program 

The early childhood devdopment major supports the following goals of 
Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their abilitv to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate dearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competendes in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sdences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major fidds of study. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agendes; mentoring, nurt uring ^ and protecting others; and 
displaying increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 
tures. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sdences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

Milligan College offers an early childhood program for persons who wish to 
prepare for careers in working with children from birth through eight years of 
age. The mission of the program is to prepare raring and reflecting profes- 
sionals who integrate their Christian faith, social responsibility, and sound 
scholarship in order to contribute to a responsible and raring community. 

Completion of the program prepares an individual for employment in a vari- 
ety of early childhood settings inclu ding Head Start, child devdopment cen- 
ters, private schools, churc-related preschools, and militar y child devdopment 
programs. With the successful completion of the student teaching semester, 
this program can lead to teacher licensure for persons who wish to teach chil- 
dren from birth through grade three. The early childhood program is a 
degree program that indudes a child devdopment major, general education 
courses, and professional education courses. These courses were sdected by 
Milligan College faculty in response to a list of required knowledge and skills 
devdoped by the Tennessee Department of Education. 



Early Childhood Development major 
B.A. or B.S. (34 hrs) 



See general education requirements for early c 
Education: Licensure Programs. 



nldbood development majors under 



PSYC 250 General Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 253 Child Devdopment (3 hrs) 

PSYC 353 Theories of Personality (3 hrs) 

PSYC 356 Cross-Cultural Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 35" Intro, to the Theory and Practice of Counseling (3 hrs) 

PSYC 422 Learning and Memory (3 hrs) 

EDUC 231 Psychology and Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 

EDUC 233 Child Guidance (2 hrs) 

EDL'C 301 Intro, to Early Childhood and Elementary Education (3 hrs) 

EDUC 4~5 Early Childhood Administration (2 hrs) 

SOCL 201 Introduction to Sodology (3 hrs) 

SOCL 303 Family (3 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog ■ 2005-06 • www.miffigan.edu 



economics 69 



Economics 



Area of Business 

The economics minor supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
social sciences, and to understand a significant body of material in their 
major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 
resources and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career or 
profession. 

The minor in economics allows students to gain broad-based exposure to a 
variety of economic topics. The minor provides the student with a better 
understanding of the modern economy, at both the personal and social levels 
and from both a contemporary and historical perspective. 



ECON 331. Comparative Economic Systems - An introduction to the 
comparative srudy of economic systems, their underlying ideological founda- 
tions, and institutional arrangements. The historical and political context of 
various systems is analyzed along with the central organizational features of 
the major types of economic systems. The major topics covered are: the ori- 
gins of capitalism; capitalism in theory and as an existing system; market-ori- 
ented economies; the Japanese economy; and the changing Chinese economic 
order. Special emphasis is given to the attempts at transition from centrally 
planned economies to market-oriented structures in the former USSR and 
Eastern Europe. Offered summer term each year as part of IBI program. 
Three semester hours. 

ECON 350. International Trade and Finance - A survey of the analytical 
and institutional aspects of international trade and finance. The historical and 
contextual elements are the foundation for the examination of current theo- 
retical and empirical approaches to international economic and business rela- 
tions. The classroom and the reading coverage are supplemented by resource 
persons from the fields of economics and management as well as institutions 
related to this subject area. Offered summer term each year as part of IBI 
program. Three semester hours. 



Business major - B.A. or B.S. (39-45 hrs) 

Economics emphasis 

Milligan College offers a business administration major with an emphasis in 
economics. For further information on the business major, refer to the 
"Business Administration" listing in this Catalog. 

Economics minor (18 hrs) 

ECON 201 Macroeconomic Principles and 202 Microeconomic 
Principles (6 hrs) 

ECON 370 Personal Finance (3 hrs) 

ECON 401 Advanced Topics in Corporate Finance or 403 Money and 
Banking (3 hrs) 

ECON 460 History of Economic Thought (3 hrs) 

POLS 304 Global Political Economies (3 hrs) 
Business administration majors with an economics minor are required to take 
six hours of business administration or economics electives in place of 
ECON 201 and 202. History majors pursuing secondary teacher licensure 
may add an endorsement in economics by completing this minor. 



Course Descriptions 

ECON 201. Macroeconomic Principles - A comprehensive study of 
demand and supply, private and public economic sectors, national income 
accounting, theories of employment, business cycles, and economic growth. 
Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

ECON 202. Microeconomic Principles - A comprehensive study of eco- 
nomic decision making at an individual consumer and firm level. Particular 
attention is paid to the theories of consumer and firm behavior as well as the 
demand for and efficient utilization of resources. Offered spring term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

ECON 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to study material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an individualized 
approach in a field not now covered in a single course. Not open to fresh- 
men. One to three semester hours. 



ECON 370. Personal Finance - An overview of personal and family finan- 
cial planning with an emphasis on financial record keeping, planning spend- 
ing, tax planning, consumer credit, making buying decisions, purchasing insur- 
ance, selecting investments, and retirement and estate planning. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

ECON 401. Advanced Topics in Corporate Finance - A study of topics 
beyond the scope of Economics 301. Topics covered include capital markets, 
investment banking, long-term financing through debt, leasing, and stock 
issuance, dividend policy, convertibles, warrants, derivatives, growth through 
mergers and acquisitions, and international financial management. The course 
makes use of in-class problem solving, case assignments, classroom discus- 
sion, as well as classroom and on-site visits. Prerequisite: ECON 301. Offered 
spring term alternating years. Three semester hours. 

ECON 403. Money and Banking - A study of the monetary system and 
theory along with a survey of the commercial banking system of the United 
States. Banking principles are analyzed, and banking institutions are studied to 
observe the application of principles. Prerequisite: ECON 202. Offered 
spring term alternating years. Three semester hours. 

ECON 460. History of Economic Thought - A study of the development 
of economics as a social science. Attention is given to the social and political 
context that has defined rules for economic behavior in the eighteenth, nine- 
teenth, and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: ECON 201 and 202. Offered 
spring term alternating years. Three semester hours. 

ECON 470. Business Strategy - An integrated study of the functional areas 
of finance, marketing, and management with emphasis on case analysis, read- 
ings, and computer simulations. Prerequisites: BADM 315 and 361 and 
ECON 301. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

ECON 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depfh discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three 
semester hours. 



ECON 301. Corporate Finance - A study of the basic financial structure of 
the corporate type of business enterprise. Emphasis is given to the various 
methods of financing and to the role that management plays in determining 
financial policy. Prerequisite: ECON 202 and ACCT 212. Offered every 
semester. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



70 education 



Education: 
Licensure Programs 

Area of Education 

The undergraduate teacher education program supports the following goals 
of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agencies; mentoring, nurturing, and protecting others; and 
displaying increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 



■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 

health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a tewarding career 
or profession. 

The undergraduate teacher education program is designed to serve persons 
who plan to obtain professional licensure for teaching in early childhood 
(serving children from birth through grade three), elementary (serving chil- 
dren kindergarten through sixth grade), middle grades (serving children from 
grades four through eight), secondary (serving children from grades seven 
through twelve), special education (serving children from kindergarten 
through grade twelve), and selected K-12 specialty fields (music, theatre, and 
physical education). Milligan College is seeking state approval to offer the K-6 
licensure program. Milligan College has voluntarily suspended the special 
education program due to limited demand. No new students will be enrolled 
in this program until further notice. Students interested in teaching in ele- 
mentary schools may select early childhood (early elementary grades), elemen- 
tary (K-6), and/ or middle grades (upper elementary) programs of study. 
Education students may also choose to pursue careers in professional settings 
other than schools, e.g., child development programs, church settings, and 
post-secondary institutions. 

The Milligan College teachet education faculty is committed to nurture and 
develop caring and reflective teachers, those who reflect continually on their 
practice in search of excellence, and who care deeply about the students and 
families they serve. Knowing that every child deserves a quality teacher, we 
are committed to developing in our teacher candidates the professional 
knowledge, skills, and dispositions required to succeed in contemporary 
schools. Undergraduate and graduate initial licensure programs of study are 
available. 



General Information 

Admission to the Teacher Education Program 

Entering undergraduate students who intend to pursue professional teaching 
licensure should file a statement of "Intent to Pursue Teaching Licensure" in 
the Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) at the beginning 
of their first semester at Milligan. Filing this statement will establish an initial 
program of study and designate an education adviser. Students initiate the 
application process leading to admission to teacher education while enrolled 
in Education 150, Introduction to Education, or immediately upon transfer 



from another program or institution. For full admission to the professional 
level of the teacher education program, students must have at least a 2.50 
overall grade point average on a minim um of 30 credit hours. A minimum 
2.75 overall grade point average will be required for subsequent approval to 
student teach. Students also must complete the Pre-Professional Skills Test 
(PPST) with Tennessee approved scores and be accepted following an inter- 
view by the teacher education faculty, serving as an Admissions and Retention 
Board. Students with an Enhanced ACT score of 22 or an enhanced SAT 
score of 1020 are exempt from taking the PPST. Admission decisions will be 
made once each semester. The application deadline for fall semester admis- 
sions is the last Friday in September. The application deadline for spring 
semester admissions is the last Friday in February. Completing all require- 
ments for full admission to teacher education is the responsibility of the stu- 
dent. Students not yet admitted to teacher education or those admitted in 
either provisional or probationary status may not be allowed to enroll in pro- 
fessional level course work. Teacher candidates with PPST and/or grade 
point average deficiencies will not be approved for enrollment in courses 
numbered 350 or above, including student teaching, without the permission 
of the instructor. 

Competent written language skills are also prerequisite to admission to the 
professional level of studies in the Milligan College teacher education pro- 
gram. Competency must be demonstrated through a written examination 
process approved bv the faculty (see Teacher Education Handbook). 
Enrollment in all teacher education courses numbered 350 and above requires 
ad m ission to the professional level of studies or prior approval of the 
instructor. Admission to the program does not guarantee continuance or 
completion. The teacher education faculty may recommend that a candidate 
not continue in the program if determined that such action is in the interest 
of Milligan College, the teacher candidate, or the profession. The candidate 
will then be administratively withdrawn from the program. 

Licensure 

Teacher candidates complete supervised field experiences and student teach- 
ing in public or private partner schools in nearby communities. During one of 
the senior semesters, candidates complete a full-time student teaching experi- 
ence and participate in a series of associated capstone seminars especially 
designed to provide opportunities to reflect on relationships between theory 
and practical experiences in education. Candidates will also develop and 
maintain a portfolio throughout the program to document emerging profes- 
sional competencies. Final assessment of program outcomes (as reflected in 
the portfolio, the student teaching experience, and minimum scores on all 
PRAXIS II subtests required for the license sought) is a critical component 
of the capstone seminar. A passing grade in the capstone seminar reflects 
program completion and will notbe awarded until all program outcomes are 
fully met. Early completion of all PRAXIS II subtests is strongly recom- 
mended to ensure completion of this course as well as the receipt of all cre- 
dentials including one's academic transcript demonstrating program comple- 
tion for submission to state regulatory agencies for licensure. 

Teacher candidates should anticipate various fees related to state licensure 
requirements. Fees will be incurred for completion of the Pre-Professional 
Skills Test (PPST) and the PRAXIS II, for purchase of liability insurance, for 
verification of CPR and/or first aid proficiency, and any other licensure 
requirements mandated by the State of Tennessee. 

Milligan College offers curricula for licensure issued by the State of 
Tennessee for early childhood educators (PreK-Grade 3), elementary educa- 
tors (K-6), middle grades educators (Grades 4-8), secondary educators, special 
educators (special education program voluntarily suspended currently), and 
specialists in music, theatre, and physical education. Millig an College is 
approved bv the Tennessee Department of Education for teacher education 
and is accredited by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher 
Education (NCATE). Successful completion of this program leads to 
Tennessee licensure. Meeting all Tennessee licensure requirements is manda- 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



education 71 



tory, even for those who intend to move to other states for employment. 
Through state reciprocal licensure agreements, some Milligan graduates also 
attain licensure in other states. 

Accreditation by NCATE ensures that a teacher education degree from 
Milligan is instantly recognized in Tennessee and the nation for its quality. 
Milligan College is one of only approximately 600 NCATE institutions 
nationally. Research has shown that graduates from NCATK institutions sig- 
nificantly outperform those from non-NCATE institutions on National 
Teacher Examinations. Milligan's commitment to meet NCATE standards 
means that each graduate of teacher education programs gains the knowl- 
edge, skills, and dispositions needed for success as a professional educator. 

Portfolio 

Teacher candidates are required to develop a portfolio documenting their 
mastery of applicable Milligan College program outcomes. Portfolios are 
organized around outcome statements based upon Interstate New Teacher 
Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC) standards and must be sub- 
mitted to the Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) during 
the student teaching semester. Initial and continuing full INTASC admission 
status is contingent upon periodic review of developing portfolios. Fall 
semester student teachers must submit portfolios for final review by the first 
Monday in November; spring semester student teachers must submit portfo- 
lios by the first Monday in April. Students failing to meet these deadlines will 
receive a grade of "Incomplete" in EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar. This grade 
of "Incomplete" will delay graduation, program completion, and recommen- 
dation for licensure. 

Student Teaching 

Approval to student teach is granted only to teacher candidates who have 
been fullv admitted to the professional level of the teacher education program 
and who maintain eligibility at that level. In addition to meeting established 
minimum grade point averages and Tennessee-approved PPST scores, 
approval to student teach requires: 

1. Maintaining a minimum overall 2.75 grade point average; 

2. Earning a minimum grade of C-minus in all courses in the academic 
major; 

3. Earning a minimum grade of C-minus in all required teacher education 
courses in the program of study; 

4. Obtaining liability insurance; 

5. Verification of CPR and/or first aid proficiency; 

6. Documentation of emerging teaching competencies in a portfolio; and 

7. Positive review by the Admission and Retention Committee. 

The application deadline for fall semester student teaching is the first Monday 
in February. The application deadline for spring semester student teaching is 
the first Monday in October. Applications processed after these deadlines will 
incur a substantial late placement fee. 

The candidate should expect to take no more than thirteen hours of credit 
(twelve hours of student teaching and one hour of the capstone seminar) 
during the student teaching semester. Employment and other substantial 
extracurricular activities during the student teaching semester are strongly dis- 
couraged. As a part of the student teaching approval process, the director of 
teacher education will determine that all prerequisite course work is complet- 
ed and that any course work remaining to complete the Milligan College B.A. 
or B.S. program may reasonably be completed in one remaining semester. 
Prerequisite course work includes all professional level education courses and 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



all courses in the academic major. Candidates pursuing licensure in two or 
more areas (i.e., middle grades and early childhood education) can expect an 
extended student teaching experience, possibly in a subsequent semester. 

Student teaching is an experience in instruction, assessment, and classroom 
management in an assigned partner school, combined with initial orientation 
classes and periodic evening workshops and seminars. Student teacher experi- 
ence placements will be made with partner school systems located in the sur- 
rounding area in order to maintain proper supervision levels and the integrity 
of" the teacher education program. The student teaching assignment typically 
involves experience at two grade levels during the fifteen-week period. During 
the student teaching semester, candidates observe the schedule of the 
assigned partner school instead of the Milligan College schedule. Absences 
for reasons other than documented illness or family emergency are strongly 
discouraged. Excessive absences may result in an extension of the student 
teaching experience after completion of the Milligan College semester. 
Successful completion of student teaching is a condition of graduation from 
Milligan College with recommendation for licensure. 

PRAXIS II 

Candidates completing any teacher education program are required to take the 
PRAXIS II test "Principles of Learning and Teaching" and appropriate 
Specialty Area Tests. Tennessee publishes a list of the required Specialty Area 
Tests and passing scores for each licensure area. This list is available in the 
Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) or online at ETS. 
Graduation does not guarantee licensure. Any teacher candidate who fails to 
meet passing Tennessee scores on all required PRAXIS II tests and subtests is 
not a program completer, cannot be recommended by Milligan College for 
licensure, nor can be granted a degree or issued a diploma until the student 
receives a passing grade. 

In accordance with the United States Congress in the reauthorization of Title 
II of the Higher Education Act, the Milligan College Teacher Education 
Program reports the pass rates of the PRAXIS II exams for 2003 - 2004 pro- 
gram completers. 

Ninety-eight percent of the education students passed all institutional exams 
for initial teacher licensure. 

Aggregate pass rates for 2003 - 2004 were: 

Professional Knowledge, 98% 
Academic Content, 95% 
Other Content Area, 100% 
Special Teaching Populations, 100% 

Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) 

The Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) provides coordi- 
nated assistance and support to students seeking professional teacher licen- 
sure at Milligan College. Located in the Teacher Education Curriculum 
Center, CASE attends to several critical functions throughout the various 
undergraduate and graduate teacher education programs of study. 
Accountability checkpoints have been established from initial contact with 
potential teacher candidates through post-graduation and post-licensure fol- 
low-up contacts. Academic advisement, field placements, mentoring, perform- 
ance assessment and portfolio development, completion of graduation and 
licensure requirements, assistance with induction into initial employment and 
if necessary, tutoring and counseling are coordinated by and through CASE. 

Curriculum Center and 

Paul Clark Teacher Education Center 

The Curriculum Center houses a collection of textbooks, instructional materi- 
als, curriculum guides, professional books, and electronic resources. Also 
included are audiotapes, videotapes, and educational computer software. A 
work space where teacher candidates can produce materials for learning cen- 
ters and bulletin boards is a part of the Center as well as a scanner, laminator, 



72 education 



lettering machine, transparency maker, and various consumable supplies for 
the production of such materials. Also housed in the Curriculum Center are 
digital cameras, videocassette recorders, and several camcorders. Computer 
terminals also provide electronic access to the P. H. "Welshimer Library and 
other resources via the Internet. The Paul Clark Teacher Education Center 
includes a technology classroom and conference room. Located adjacent to 
the curriculum center and CASE, the Paul Clark facility provides a model 
environment for professional education studies. 

Library 

The P. H. Welshimer Library supports the academic program by providing 
research materials in all subject areas. More than 100 journals and periodicals 
are included in the Education Index and the Current Index to Journals in 
Education. The Library holds the collection of Educational Resources 
Information Center (ERIC) documents on microfiche from 1980 through the 
present and indexing to all ERIC documents from 1966 to the present. The 
library also subscribes to EasvNet gateway service that gives faculty and stu- 
dents access to over 850 databases. Membership in the Southeastern Iibrarv 
Network gives access to the inter-library loan sub-system. 

The Library participates in resource-sharing agreements with the libraries of 
Emmanuel School of Religion, East Tennessee State University (main campus 
and medical school), and Holston Associated Libraries, Inc. (HAL). HAL 
consists of Milligan and seven additional libraries in the region. The comput- 
er system displays in each library the holdings of all eight libraries in a shared 
catalog as well as the due dates for materials that are checked out of each 
library. Materials are readily lent among the libraries. Many additional features 
of the system enhance information exchange and resource sharing. Through 
these agreements, " Millig an students have access to many materials bevond the 
considerable holdings of the P. H. Welshimer Library. 



Undergraduate Initial 
Licensure Programs 



Grade 



Available 



Academic Major 


Hrs 


Licensure Areas 


Level 


Degree 
Proa rams 


3 : :£ 


24 


Dementary Education 


K-6 


BA 






32 


Middle Grades 


4& 




BS 




32 


Secondary Education (Biology! 


7-12 




BS 


Business Administration 


39 


Secondary Education (Business; 


7-12 


BA 


BS 




45- 


Secondary Education (Business- 
Technology or Business^larketing) 


7-12 


BA 


BS 


Chemistry 


24 


Dementary Education 


K-6 


BA 


BS 






Middle Grades 


4-8 


BA 


BS 






Secondary Education (Chemistry) 


7-12 


BA 




Earry Chfldhood 

Development 


35 


Early Childhood Education 


PreK-3 


BA 


BS 


English 


30 


Elementary Education 


K-6 


B4 








Middle Grades 


4-8 


BA 








Secondary Education (English) 


7-12 


BA 




Fine Arts -Aft 


37 


Elementary Education 


K-6 


BA 








Middle Grades 


4^ 


BA 




Fine Arts - Theatre 


38-47 


Theatre 


K-12 


BA 








Theatre (Speech Communication) 


7-12 


BA 





History 



Dementary Education 
Middle Grades 

Secondary Education (History) 
Secondary Education (History- 

Economics) 



K-6 
4-S 
7-12 

7-12 



Humanities44istory 
Concentration 


24- 
24 for MG 


Elementary Education 
Middle Grades 


K-6 
48 


BA 
BA 




HumanitiesEngTish 
Concentration 


24* 
24 for MG 


Elementary Education 
Middle Grades 


K-6 
4-8 


BA 

3A 




Humanities-French 
Concentration 


24* 

IB 


Elementary Education 

Middle Grades 

Secondary Education (French) 


K-6 
4-8 
7-12 


BA 
BA 
BA 




Humanities-Spanish 
Concentration 


24+ 
IS 


Elementary Education 

Middle Grades 

Secondary Education (Spanish) 


K-6 
4-8 
7-12 


BA 
BA 
BA 




Humanities^erman 
Concentration 


IS 


Middle Grades 


4-8 


BA 




Human Performance & 
Exercise Science 


38 


Physical Education 


K-12 


BA 


BS 


Language Arts 


33 


Dementary Education 
Middle Grades 


--6 
A-8 


Ei 
BA 




Language ArtsFrench 
Concentration 


33 


Dementary Education 

Middle Grades 

Secondary Education (French) 


K-6 
4-8 
7-12 


BA 
BA 
BA 




Language Arts-Spanish 
Concentration 


3-3 


Elementary Education 

Middle Grades 

Secondary Education (Spanish! 


K-6 
4-8 
7-12 


BA 

BA 
BA 




Mathematics 


30-36 


Dementary Education 

Middle Grades 

Secondary Education (Mathematics) 


K-6 
4-8 
7-12 


BA 


BS 
BS 
BS 


V.i : -_-i- :- 


: = 


v.s : - 11 -st-.-e-ta 


K-12 


BA 




W.i5 c Ee.car.or 


38 


v.jsc n-12 ,xa 


K-12 


= ; 




Psychology 


36 


Secondary Education .Psychology.! 


9-12 


BA 


35 


Sociology 


30 - 


Secondary Education (Sociology) 


9-12 


BA 


BS 


•Pending Tennessee DOE approval (curricula available from area chair) 



Millig an College students may pursue initial professional teaching licensure in 
early childhood education (PreK-grade 3); elementary education (K-6); middle 
grades education (grades A-S); secondary education (grades 7-12); K-12 spe- 
dalkation programs in music, physical education, and theatre; and special edu- 
cation (modified and comprehensive K-12). Millig an College has voluntarily 
suspended the special education licensure program due to limited demand for 
the program; new students will not be admitted until further notice. Licensure 
in other areas is available at either the undergraduate or the graduate level- 
In addition to the general education and licensure courses listed below, all 
undergraduate students pursuing teaching licensure must complete a Milligan 
College major in a field other than education. 

These courses and related experiences were developed by the Milligan 
College faculty in response to lists of required knowledge, skill, and disposi- 
tion outcomes developed by the Tennessee Department of Education, the 
National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), and 
the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (TNTASQ. 
Verification of current CPR and/or first aid competency is required for stu- 
dent teaching. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



education 73 



Early Childhood Education (PreK-3) 
licensure 

The early childhood education licensure program includes (1) general educa- 
tion courses, (2) the early childhood development major, and (3) educational 
studies courses. 

Early childhood education students have as their academic advisers faculty 
members in teacher education. 

Courses marked with an asterisk are included in the early childhood develop- 
ment major. These hours are not included in the numbers following the 
General Education Requirements and Educational Studies headings below. 

General Education Requirements (65 hrs) 

BIBL 123 Old Testament Survey (3 hrs) 

BIBL 124 New Testament Survey (3 hrs) 

BIBL 471 Christ and Culture (3 hrs) 

BIOL 110 General Biology (4 hrs) or BIOL 121 Enviromental Science 

(4 hrs) 
COMM 102 Speech Communication (3 hrs) 
GEOG 202 Cultural and Ethnic Geography (3 hrs) 
HIST 209 United States History Survey I (3 hrs) 
HPXS 101 Fitness for Life (1 hr) and one hour of physical education 

activity (1 hr) 
HUMN 101 Humanities (6 hrs) 
HUMN 102 Humanities (6 hrs) 
HUMN 201 Humanities (6 hrs) 
HUMN 202 Humanities (6 hrs) 
MATH 153 Fundamental Concepts I (3 hrs) 
MATH 253 Fundamental Concepts II (3 hrs) 
PHYS 104 Earth and Space Science (4 hrs) 
PSYC 100 Introduction to College and Calling (1 hr) 
PSYC 253 Child Development (3 hrs) 
SOCL 201 Introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 

Early Childhood Development major (34 hrs) 

See Early Childhood Development section of this catalog. 

Educational Studies (45 hrs) 

BIOL 350 Teaching Science to K-6 Students (2 hrs) 

EDUC 150 Introduction to Teaching (2 hrs) 

EDUC 1 52 Technology in Education (1 hr) 

EDUC 231 Psychology and Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs)* 

EDUC 233 Child Guidance (2 hrs)* 

EDUC 301 Introduction to Early Childhood and Elementary Education 

(3 hrs)* 
EDUC 355 Literacy Development (3 hrs) 

EDUC 356 Reading Processes with Assessment and Intervention (3 hrs) 
EDUC 406 Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and Methods 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 440 Creative Activities for Children (3 hrs) 
EDUC 452 Student Teaching: Early Childhood (12 hrs) 
EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 
EDUC 475 Early Childhood Administration (2 hrs)* 
ENGL 354 Children's Literature (3 hrs) 
HPXS 440 Health and Physical Education Methods (2 hrs) 

Students who major in early childhood development and who seek a non- 
licensure baccalaureate degree will substitute EDUC 343 Early Childhood 
Practicum for EDUC 452 Student Teaching: Early Childhood and are not 
required to enroll in EDUC 356 Reading Processes with Assessment and 
Intervention and EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar. 



Elementary Education (K-6) licensure 

The elementary education licensure program includes (1) general education 
courses, (2) a major in a single discipline from the arts and sciences, and (3) 
educational studies courses. 



Elementary education students have as their academic advisers faculty mem- 
bers in teacher education and their chosen academic major. 

General Education Requirements (65 hrs) 

BIBL 123 Old Testament Survey (3 hrs) 

BIBL 124 New Testament Survey (3 hrs) 

BIBL 471 Christ and Culture (3 hrs) 

BIOL 110 General Biology (4 hrs) or BIOL 121 Enviromental Science 

(4 hrs) 
COMM 102 Speech Communication (3 hrs) 
GEOG 202 Cultural and Ethnic Geography (3 hrs) 
HIST 209 United States History Survey I (3 hrs) 
HPXS 101 Fitness for Life (1 hr) and one hour of physical education 

activity (1 hr) 
HUMN 101 Humanities (6 hrs) 
HUMN 102 Humanities (6 hrs) 
HUMN 201 Humanities (6 hrs) 
HUMN 202 Humanities (6 hrs) 
MATH 1 53 Fundamental Concepts I (3 hrs) 
MATH 253 Fundamental Concepts II (3 hrs) 
PHYS 104 Earth and Space Science (4 hrs) 
PSYC 100 Introduction to College and Calling (1 hr) 
PSYC 253 Child Development (3 hrs) 
SOCL 201 Introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 

Major in the Arts and Sciences (hours vary by major) 

Elementary education students may select a major in biology, chemistry, early 
childhood development, English, fine arts-art, history, humanities (concentra- 
tions available in English, French, history, and Spanish), language arts (con- 
centrations available in French and Spanish), or mathematics. The number of 
credits required for each major varies; see the appropriate section of this cata- 
log for the major requirements. 

Educational Studies (43 hrs) 

BIOL 350 Teaching Science to K-6 Students (2 hrs) 

EDUC 150 Introduction to Education (2 hrs) 

EDUC 1 52 Technology in Education (1 hr) 

EDUC 231 Psychology and Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 

EDUC 233 Child Guidance (2 hrs) 

EDUC 301 Introduction to Early Childhood and Elementary Education 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 355 Literacy Development (3 hrs) 

EDUC 356 Reading Processes with Assessment and Intervention (3 hrs) 
EDUC 406 Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and Methods 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 440 Creative Activities for Children (3 hrs) 
EDUC 451 Student Teaching: Elementary (12 hrs) 
EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 
ENGL 354 Children's Literature (3 hrs) 
HPXS 440 Health and Physical Education Methods (2 hrs) 

Verification of CPR and/or first aid competency that is current is 
required for student teaching. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



74 education 



Middle Grades Education licensure 

Ihe middle graces education licensure program induce; I general educa- 
tion courses: I a major in a single discipline from the arts and sciences; (3) 
an area of emphasis uf at least twelve credit; from the arts and sciences: and 

- : ..cationa! studies courses. Note thai to be qualified under the No Child 
Left Behind requirements students must hare (1) a major, (2) 24 credits, or 

3 pass the aticr;rr.a:e PRAXIS examinations to teach a subject in grades 7- 
9 in Tennessee, Middle grades education students have as their academic 
advisers feed" members in teacher education and their chosen academic 
major. 

General Education Requirements (68 hrs) 

BIBL 123 Old Testament Survev 3 hrs 

BIBL 124 New Testament Survev 3 his 

BIBL 471 Christ and Culture 3 hrs 

BIOL 110 General Biology or BIOL 1 1 1 Principles of Biology - hrs 

or BIOL 121 Enviromental Science or CHEM 150 Chemistry and 

Sodetv or CHEM 170 General Chemistry (4 hrs; 
COMM 102 Speech Communicadoo 3 hrs 
GEOG 202 Cultural and Ethnic Geography 3 hrs 
HIST 209 United States History Survey I (3 hrs, 
HIST 210 United State; History Survey JJ .3 hrs 
HPXS 101 Fitness for Life [1 hr) and one hour of physical education 

activities [1 hri 
HUMN 101 Humanrre; E hrs 
HUMN 102 Humanities (6 hrs 
HUMN 201 Hu m anities S hrs 
HUMN 202 Humanities : hrs 
Two courses from MATH 111 College Algebra L 1 07 Prindples of 

Mathematics, or 213 Statistics (total of c hrs 
EHYS 104 Earfi and Space Science 4 hrs) 
PSYC 100 introduction to College and Calling (1 hr 
PSYC 253 Child Devdopment (3 his 
SOCL201 Introduction :: Sodology (3 hrs 

Major in the Arts and Sciences (hours vary by major) 

j-ILLt rraie; licensing requires a major in a single disdpline from the arts 
and sciences. Individuals seeking middle grades licensure may sdect a major 
in biology, chemisrrv, English, fine arts-art, historv, humanhies concentra- 
tions available in English, French, German, history Spanish i, language arts 
concentrations available in Frendi or Spanish), or mathematics. The require- 
menis for the majors listed above appear in other sections of this catalog. 

Area of Emphasis (12 credits) 

Mac; graces licensing requires a major in a single disdpline from the arts 
and sciences with an area of emphasis (at least twelve credits) in at least one 
disdpline outsize ihe maj : r. Individuals seeking middle grades licensure may 
select an emphasis in art, biology chemistry English, French, Ge rm an, histo- 
rv humanities, language arts, mathematics, r Spanish 

Educational Studies (46 hrs) 

EDUC 150 Introduction to Education 1 hrs 
EDUC 152 Technology in Education 1 hr 

EDUC 231 Psvchologv and Education of Exceptional Snider.:; 3 hrs 
EDUG 234 Classroom Management 2 hrs 
EDUG 306 Middle Grades and Secondary Foundatic as 
EDUC 355 Iiteracv Devdopment 3 hrs) 

EDUC 356 Reading Processes with Assessment ec Intervention 5 hrs 
EDUC 35" Content Area Readme 3 hrs 

EDUC 408 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods 5 hrs 
EDUC 440 Creative Activities tor Ch ildren (3 hrs) 
EDUC 453 Student Teaching: Middle Grade; .1 hrs 
EDUC 46 '. lie;:; ne Seminar (1 hr: 
ENGL 354 Children's literature 3 hrs 
HPXS 440 Health and Physical Education Methods 2 hrs) 
VerilScao : n : f 27?. and : I dr;r aid competency that is current is 
r;;_r;c 6m ;rudent teaching. 



Secondary Education licensure 

The progra ms for licensure in secondary education are designed for persons 
interested in teaching in grades seven through twdve. Secondary licensure 
mav be completed with the Bachdor of Sdence degree (sdected majors) or 
the Bachdor of Arts degree (foreign language through the intermediate levd 

required). 

Candidates completing the licensure program complete (1) general education 
courses; (2) an academic major: and (3) educational studies courses. The fol- 
lowing are available secondary licensure areas: biology, chemistrv, English, 
French (language arts or humanities major), history, history with economics, 
mathematics, psychology, sodology, and Spanish (language arts or huma ni ties 
major). 

Secondary education students have as their academic advisers faculty mem- 
bers in teacher education and their chosen academic major. 

General Education Requirements (59 - 60 hrs) 

BIBL 123 Old Testament Survev 5 hrs 

BIBL 124 New Testament Survey (3 hrs) 

BIBL 471 Christ and Culture (3 hrs) 

BIOL 110 General Biology or BIOL 111 Prindples of Biology or 
BIOL 121 Enviromental Sdence or CHEM 150 Chemistry and 
Sodetv or CHEM 170 General Chemistrv I 4 hr; 

COMM 102 Speech Co mm u ni cation (3 hrs) 

GEOG 202 Cultural and Ethnic Geography (3 hrs) 

HPXS 101 Fitness for Life (1 hr) and one hour of physical education 
activities (1 hi 

HUMN 101 Humanities (6 hrs) 

HUMN 102 Humanities (6 hrs) 

HL7MN 201 Humanities (6 hrs) 

HUMN 202 Humanities (6 his 

Math course (3 or 4 hrs) 

PHYS 104 Earth and Space Sdence (4 hrs 

PSYC 1 00 Introduction to College and C alling (1 hr) 

PSYC 253 Child Devdopment (5 hrs 

SOCL 201 Introduction to Sodology (3 hrs) 

Major (hours vary by major) 

Secondary licensing requires a major in the intended licensure area. Licensure 
is available in biology, chemistry, English, French (language arts or humanities 
major), history historv with economics, mathematics, psychology, sodology 
and Spanish (language arts or humanities major). See the appropriate pages of 
the catalog for descriptions of the requirements for each major. 



Educational 

EDUC 150 
EDUC 152 
EDUC 231 
EDUC 234 
EDUC 306 

hrs) 
EDUC 357 
EDUC 408 

hrs 
EDUC 454 
EDUC 460 



Studies (32 hrs) 

Introduction to Education (2 hrs) 

Technology in Education (1 hr) 

Psvchologv and Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs 

Classroom Management 2 hr; 

Middle Grades and Secondary Education Foundations (3 

Content Area Reading 5 hr; 

Mddle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods ( 5 

Student Teaching: Secondary (12 hrs) 

Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 



Verification of CPR and/or first aid competency that is current is required 
for student teaching. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



education 75 



K-12 Specialty licensure 

Milligan offers K-12 teacher education programs in physical education; music, 
vocal and general; music, instrumental; and theatre. Courses and curricula for 
these programs are listed in subsequent sections of this catalog. Students 
seeking teacher licensure are required to complete the courses listed below: 

Educational Studies 





K-12 licensure programs 




Course 


Music 


Phys. 


Ed. 


Theatre 


Education 150 


X 


X 




X 


Education 152 


X" 
(or Music 211) 


X 




X 


Education 231 


X 






X 


Education 306 








X 


Education 408 








X 


Education 455 


X 


X 




X 


Education 460 


X 


X 




X 


HPXS 406 




X 






Psychology 253 


X 


X 




X 



Verification of CPR and/or first aid competency that is current is required 
for student teaching. 

K-12 education students have as their academic advisers faculty members in 
teacher education and their chosen academic major. 



Special education licensure 

Milligan College has voluntarily suspended the special education licensure 
program due to limited demand from students; new students will not be 
admitted until further notice. 



The Milligan College non-categorical special education curriculum has an 
emphasis in human development and learning. The curriculum combines the 
knowledge and skills required to meet the Tennessee Guidelines for Modified 
and Comprehensive Programs. Those who complete the program are pre- 
pared to teach children with both mild and severe disabilities in grades K-12. 

Psychology major/Special Education (39 hrs) 

Students seeking licensure in special education complete an undergraduate 
psychology major and required courses in education in preparation for the 
master of education degree. This psychology major includes the following 
courses: 

PSYC 250 General Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 252 Developmental Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 253 Child Development (3 hrs) 

PSYC 259 Research Methods in Psychology I (3 hrs) 

PSYC 350 Social Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 353 Theories of Personality (3 hrs) 

PSYC 357 Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Counseling (3 
hrs) 

PSYC 358 Abnormal Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 359 Research and Methods in Psychology II (3 hrs) 

PSYC 401 History and Systems of Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 422 Learning and Memory (3 hrs) 

SOCL 201 Introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 

SOCL 303 Family (3 hrs) 

Special education students have as their academic advisers faculty members in 
psychology and teacher education. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Educational Studies (27 hrs) 

MATH 213 Statistics (3 his) 

MATH 253 Fundamental Concepts II (3 hrs) 

ENGL 354 Children's Literature (3 hrs) 

1 IPXS 406 Adapted Physical Education (3 hrs) 

EDUC 150 Introduction to Fxlucation (2 hrs) 

EDUC 1 52 Technology in Education (1 hr) 

EDUC 231 Psychology and Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 

EDUC 232 Early Childhood Intervention and Assessment (3 hrs) 

EDUC 355 Literacy Development (3 hrs) 

EDUC 356 Reading Processes with Assessment and Intervention (3 hrs) 

To complete the requirements for licensure, the student completes the M.Ed, 
initial licensure program in special education. 



Course Descriptions 



EDUC 150. Introduction to Education - An orientation to the education 
profession from the perspective of the teacher. The readings and discussions 
are designed to be an introduction to the current knowledge base related to 
teaching. Emphasis is given to the characteristics of the caring and reflective 
teacher. Students will begin a teacher education portfolio in this class. A 
beginning school- and community-based practicum with related seminars is 
the focus of the course. Offered every term. Two semester hours. 

EDUC 152. Technology in Education - Applications of technology for use 
in the PreK-12 classroom and for the teacher's record keeping and research. 
Offered every term. One semester hour. 

EDUC 231. Psychology and Education of Exceptional Students - 

Education of exceptional students and the psychological aspects of excep- 
tionalities. Includes discussion of assessment, family participation, 
IFSPs/IEPs, service delivery models, general curriculum, and intervention 
strategies. Includes observation and participation in classrooms with students 
with special needs. Offered fall term. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 233. Child Guidance - A study of skills and techniques for promot- 
ing positive behaviors in children birth through elementary age. Students learn 
how to manage routine situations related to care and education of children in 
a variety of professional settings from child development centers to elemen- 
tary schools including the study of different approaches to classroom man- 
agement. Field experience included. Offered fall term. Two semester hours. 

EDUC 234. Classroom Management. - A study of skills and techniques 
for managing middle school and secondary classrooms. Emphasis is on strate- 
gies that prevent discipline problems and promote positive student behaviors. 
Review of different approaches to classroom management and discipline. 
Emphasizes the positive child guidance theory and constructivist learning. 
The knowledge base includes Brophy, Deitz, Evertson, Canter, Glasser, 
Johnson and Johnson, Slaven, Walker. Field experiences included. Offered 
spring term each year. Two semester hours. 

EDUC 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to study material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an individualized 
approach in a field not currently covered in a single course. Not open to 
freshmen. One to three semester hours. 

EDUC 301. Introduction to Early Childhood and Elementary 
Education - An overview of the education of children from birth through 
12 years of age. History of the field, professional resources, educational mod- 
els and theories, importance of working with families and appreciating diver- 
sity, and basics of developing curriculum. Field experience included. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 306. Middle Grades and Secondary Foundations - History, philos- 
ophy, and social foundations of middle grades and secondary education. 
Included are examinations of middle grades and secondary organization and 
curriculum and an overview of assessment and instructional strategies. 



76 education 



Developmental characteristics, learning styles, and typical interests and acthi- 
des of pre-adolescents and adolescents are also explored- Field experience 

included. Offered fall term each vear. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 343. Earlv Childhood Practicum - A supervised experience lasting 
for one semester or less in an early childhood setting (birth - age eight). For 
earlv childhood development majors who are not seeking professional teach- 
ing licensure. Offered on demand. Three to six semester hoars. 

EDUC 355. Literacy Development - A study of how language with all its 
components develops and is nurtured id maturity. Propbasis is given to what 
brain research and learning research f*Ypk»in about learning, the language arts 
of listening, speaking, writing, spelling, reading, and thinking. Focus is on 
learning to use current methods g"d balanced strategies for assessing and 
teaching language and reading in the primary grades. Extensive field experi- 
ence included. Enrollment limited to students adimtwd to the professional 
level of the teacher education program. Field experience included. Offered 
fill terra eaci Tear. Three semester hears. 

EDUC 356. R pa rting Processes with Assessment and Intervention - A 
studv of the diagnosis of reading skills and the objectives, methods, and 
materials for the correction or reading difficulties. Direct contact with chil- 
dren in tutorial and small group te-srhmg situations is included. Enrollment 
limited to students admitted to the professional level of the teacher education 
program. Field experience inchiaed. Offered spring term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

EDL'C 35". Content Area Reading - A smiv of approaches ana proce- 
dures designed to assist students in grades 5 - 12 in becoming adept readers. 
The primary focus will be on reading and language arts in the curriculum 
content areas. Building Kteracv development in students with both typical and 
atypical language skills is included. Techniques to modify and expand insttuc- 

- r. 1:^:1 ac :r. scadem aeaelepment — a be aamaaa r.: a_?ca;i;c 
Enrollment limited to students admitted to the professional level of the 
teacher education program. Field experience included. Co-requisite with 
EDUC 426 Middle Grades Language Arts for middle grades students. 

1 acerea fall :errra race ear rare; semester a : ars 

EDL'C 406. Earlv Childhood and Elementary Curricnlum and Methods 

- A study of the educational needs of students in the cognitive realms of sci- 
entific, social, rruwhpmatirgl and language learning The focus is on planning 
and implementing a learning environment that provides hands-on discovery 
learning where the student is an active participant and decision-maker. 
Emphasis is given to the integration of the content areas, especially math, sci- 
ence, social studies, and the language arts. Field experience included. Offered 
fall term each year. Three credit hours. 

EDL'C 408. Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods - 
A course preparing middle school and secondary education students to inte- 
grate and organize the knowledge of the disciplines to fit the particular needs 
of students. Fmphgsts on assessment, planning, instructional strategies, and 
evaluation. Includes individualized instruction by a content area specialist on 
margrrok and methods specific to licensing areas. Field experience included. 
Offered spring term each vear. Five semester hours. 

EDL'C 440. Creative Activities for Children - A sradv : : the rale :f cre- 
ativity in the education of children and pre-adolescents. The course includes 
experience in planning and conducting appropriate art, musk, movement, and 
creative drama activities for children birth through 14 years of age. Field 
experience included. Offered fall term each vear. Three semester hoars. 

EDUC 451. Student Teaching: Elementary - An experience in lesson 
planning, instruction, and assessment, Grades K-6. An extensive orientation 
prepares the student for student tparhmg experience (fifteen weeks) that 
includes the refinement of planning, instruction, and assessment <&i1k in the 
classroom setting Approval to student teach required. Concurrent enrollment 
in EDL'C 46*3 Capstone Seminar required. Offered every term. Three, six, 
— ■;.- a semester a ars. 



EDL C 452. Student Teaching: Early Childhood - An earn eraerace aa lesson 

nannies are refinement :: - ----- - msmamtm area assessment - ■- : aa are 

aasa :aa s^ane Acer Talc: scaaena ceada recaarea 1 : nrarrem ear aaaa: 
in EDUC 460 Capstone 

"CaTe Sanaa! : . -~: 



— = 

araar reaaarec acerea ererr term _aaa sax. 



EDL'C 453. Student Teaching: Middle Grades - An ecoeraen: 
cairaaaaaa mitanacnon. aaa assessment : ~ aaaa — a Ac extensor 

crectarei aae staaent air a scaaent --- - - etcc-enence crcica t : 

reeks rharmcloies me rettnement :f cAnninaa inscraacnem ana 
skills A at: classroom setacna; -.tarrcTal t: smaem team reaaarec 
lancaamen: erartllmem a all "_ 1 -a Ac;: ae iemmar reca-rei fc~ere: 

EDL'C 454. Student Teaching: Secondary - An experience m less a aaa 
mno instruction, aircd assessmeiit for grades 7-12. An ^vtenAa t 1 ^ onentanoti 



rrerr arm. _aree, sax corelae semester Alans. 



t -— - -- recaare _ 

emaraar re a a: a ^ aerea 



EDL C 455. Student Teaching: X-12 - An accenaaa m lessen ~ "■ ~ 

is required- Concurrent enrollment in EDUC 460 Capstone S pmiraw required. 
Offered every term. Three, six, twelve semester hoars. 

EDL'C 456. Teaching Practicum - A supervised practicum in lesson phm- 
nmg kfsmrrinrt and aCTfroiifnr inr gradfs PrpK-1 ~> Designed thr pnsiT-har- 
caAareate staienas seeaaaz an aaaa:aa enitnsemem :t aaaa _a=nse. 
Does not substitute for student teaching. Offered on ttemani Three, six, 

EDL'C 460. Capstone Seminar - A cacsan; semantic aesarraea t: primate 

presentations by Miffiigaa and partner school faculty. Enroflrnent is l i miifd to 

suaiencs icmAcea t: :a::::: : a: aa a: a a aaanaaaa a::: aaa 
ana annrCTen a saaaent teaaa _:-recansae aa staaen: ~- T a . neaea 

EDL'C 4"5. Early Childhood Administration - A srai- : t" me ta ■ t : 
-- —a- :--- :-- components :t aerelapmenca_T accacna:: eara aa_a- 
a: aa craarams. Aanaaastcacin. enTtra nmentaa asneccs, scant laeaaat 
and finwrevial management of programs are examined. Offered spring term 
eaia aa 7~: semesaer hear; 

EDL'C 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of nr.. ~-z an£ 

offerings. One to three semester hours. 

EDUC 490. Directed Studies - A cr: gram :f reiair.gs ana cenr'erences 
that provides for individualized study. One to three semester houis. 

EDUC -95. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 

offerings- Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three 

semester a: _a 



- ;.=- a ait = aaa- : :aa a; • _: a-li ■ .'.aa - :;aa 



education (M.Ed.) 77 



Education: 

Master of Education 

Program (M.Ed.) 

Area of Education 

Initial Licensure 

The master of education (M.Ed.) program includes both initial licensure and 
advanced degree options. The initial licensure degree is typically a fifteen- 
month professional educational program that prepares teachers for the high 
level of competence expected by public and private educational institutions. 
The initial licensure and advanced programs increase both the quality and 
quantity of the educational experiences for teachers in professional education. 

The M.Ed, initial licensure program is designed for students who have a bac- 
calaureate degree with a strong general education component and one or 
more specialty or endorsement areas (or majors). This program consists of 45 
to 47 semester hours. Available areas of licensure are essentially the same as 
those listed above for the undergraduate education program. Candidates may 
finish the M.Ed, program in two summers and one academic year (i.e. fifteen 
months). Students may also choose to extend course work beyond the typical 
fifteen-month period. 

The master of education initial licensure program supports the following 
goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agencies; mentoring, nurturing, and protecting others; and 
displaying increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 
tures. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

The primary goal of the M.Ed, program at Milligan College is to produce car- 
ing and reflective professional educators who will affect the lives of children 
in a markedly positive manner. Specific student outcomes for the initial licen- 
sure program, based upon standards of the Interstate New Teacher 
Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC), are as follows: (1) The 
teacher candidate understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and 
structures of the discipline(s) he or she teaches and can create learning expe- 
riences that make these aspects of subject matter meaningful for students; (2) 
The teacher candidate understands how children learn and develop and can 
provide learning opportunities that support children's intellectual, social, and 
personal development; (3) The teacher candidate understands how students 
differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities 
that are adapted to diverse learners; (4) The teacher candidate understands 
and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage students' develop- 
ment of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills; (5) The 
teacher candidate uses an understanding of individual and group motivation 
and behavior to create a learning environment that encourages positive social 
interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation; (6) The 



teacher candidate uses knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal, and media 
communication techniques to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and sup- 
portive interaction in the classroom; (7) The teacher candidate plans instruc- 
tion based upon the knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, 
and curriculum goals; (8) The teacher candidate understands and uses formal 
and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and ensure the continuous 
intellectual and social development of the learner; (9) The teacher candidate is 
a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effects of his/her choic- 
es and actions on others (students, parents, and other professionals in the 
learning community) and who actively seeks out opportunities to grow pro- 
fessionally; (10) The teacher candidate fosters relationships with school col- 
leagues, parents, and agencies in the larger community to support students' 
learning and well-being; (11) The teacher candidate combines Christian values, 
knowledge, and interpersonal skills to reflect the attributes of a Christian edu- 
cator, ensuring maximum group and individual learning. 

Portfolio 

Students in all graduate degree-seeking programs are required to develop a 
portfolio documenting their mastery of applicable Milligan College graduate 
program outcomes. Initial and continuing candidacy status is contingent upon 
periodic review of developing portfolios. August and May graduates must 
submit the completed portfolio to the Center for Assistance to Srudents in 
Education (CASE) by the first Monday in April. December graduates must 
submit the completed portfolio to CASE by the first Monday in November. 
Students failing to meet this deadline will not receive a passing grade in 
Education 560 Advanced Capstone Seminar until the portfolio requirement is 
fully met. Portfolio development and review will continue through the spring 
semester. 

Financial Information 

Graduate tuition is $290 per semester hour for the 2005-2006 academic year. 
A non-refundable application fee of $30.00 is required with the application. 
Modest student fees accompany certain courses in the program. Students will 
also incur modest expenses for formal testing required for admission to the 
program (MAT or GRE) and licensure (PRAXIS II), liability insurance, and 
verification of CPR and/or first aid proficiency. For information regarding 
financial aid, please refer to the financial aid section of the catalog. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



78 education (M.Ed.) 



Admission to the Graduate School 

Unconditional Admission 

The minimum requirements for unconditional admission to the M.Ed, pro- 
gram are as follows: 

1 . An undergraduate degree with a minimum overall undergraduate 
grade point average of at least 2.75. An applicant whose baccalau- 
reate degree is from an institution not accredited by a regional 
accrediting association or the American Association of Bible 
Colleges must submit acceptable scores on the Miller Analogies 
Test as described above and other evidence acceptable to the aca- 
demic dean and the director of teacher certification. 

2. An established minimum score on the Miller Analogies Test (35^ 
percentile, National Norms) or the Graduate Record Examination 
(750 combined verbal and qualitative scores) or equivalent score 
on another widely accepted measure. 

3. Two official transcripts from each institution attended showing all 
credits and degrees previously earned. 

4. Two completed reference forms from faculty members or other 
persons who have adequate knowledge of the applicant's Christian 
commitment and character and potential for success as a graduate 
student and professional educator. 

5. Evidence of written language competency through an established 
examination process. 

6. A positive recommendation from the Graduate Admissions and 
Retention Committee based upon a renew of the application file 
and an admissions interview. 

Students who do not meet the above requirements may be admitted in one of 
the following categories: 

Conditional Admission 

The minimum requirements for conditional admission are as follows: 

1. An undergraduate degree with a minimum overall undergraduate 
grade point average of 2.5. An applicant whose baccalaureate 
degree is from a program not accredited bv a regional accrediting 
association or the American Association of Bible Colleges must 
submit acceptable scores on the Miller Analogies Test as described 
above and other evidence acceptable to the academic dean and the 
director of teacher certification. 

2. A Miller Analogies Test score above the 25th percentile or a 
Graduate Record Examination score above 650 (combined verbal 
and qualitative scores). 

3. Two official transcripts from each institution attended showing all 
credits and degrees previously earned. 

4. Two completed reference forms from faculty members or other 
persons who have adequate knowledge of the applicant's Christian 
commitment and character and potential for success as a graduate 
student and professional educator. 

5. Conditional admission may be changed to unconditional admission 
if the student achieves a grade point average of 3.0 on the first 
nine hours of Milligan College graduate study. 

6. Evidence of written language competency through an established 
examination process. 

7. A positive recommendation from the Graduate Admissions and 
Retention Committee based upon a review of the application file 
and an admissions interview. 



Transient Enrollment 

Transient enrollment may be granted to students who are enrolled in another 
graduate program or who are seeking professional development Each appli- 
cant must provide the Graduate Admissions Office with a completed applica- 
tion for admission and official college transcripts. Students who are enrolled 
in another graduate program must also supplv a letter of approval from the 
dean or registrar of the student's home institution. 

Graduate Admissions and Retention Committee 

Admission to the program is determined bv the Graduate Admissions and 
Retention Committee, which is composed of teacher education facultv and 
three non-teacher education facultv. The academic dean makes all appoint- 
ments to the M.Ed. Graduate Admissions and Retention Committee. 

Admission to Candidacy 

Graduate students must make application for admission to candidacv in the 
semester immediately following the completion of nine semester hours of 
graduate credit at Milligan College. A teacher education facultv screening 
process will determine admission to candidacy. If application is not made at 
this time, the student may not be permitted to register for subsequent course 
work until the application is received and approved. Admission to candidacy 
also provides approval for internship placement. The requirements that must 
be met before approval of admission to candidacy are as follows: 

1 . Achievement of unconditional admission. 

2. Completion of at least nine semester hours of graduate credit at 
Milligan College with a minimum grade point average of 3.0. 

3. Completion of undergraduate requirements for teacher licensure 
(or equivalent) as follows: 

Early childhood education: (1) a basic pattern of liberal arts 
courses to assure licensure (two courses in language or literature; 
two courses in social studies; two courses in science [with labs]; 
and two courses in math); (2) course work in eady childhood edu- 
cation or child development 



OR 



OR 



OR 



Elementary education: (1) a basic pattern of liberal arts courses 
to assure licensure (two courses in language or literature; two 
courses in social studies; two courses in science [with labs]; and 
two courses in math); (2) course work in early childhood education 
or child development 

Middle grades education: (1) a basic pattern of liberal arts 
courses to assure licensure (two courses in language or literature; 
two courses in social studies; two courses in science [with labs]; 
and two courses in math); (2) two areas of middle grades special- 
ization; (3) methods courses in reading and mathematics 

Secondary education: (1) basic pattern of liberal arts courses to 
assure licensure; (2) specific courses in endorsement areas to 
assure content competency. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



education (M.Ed.) 79 



Retention Standards and Probationary Status 

XTien a student's cumulative average on courses applied toward the graduate 
legree falls below 3.0, the student may be permitted one semester of proba- 
ionary standing in which to raise the average sufficiendy. If the semester 
iverage on all courses taken during any semester falls below 2.0, the teacher 
■ducadon faculty will review the student's record for possible dismissal from 
he M.Ed, program. Students earning C or below in more than six hours of 
rredit will be considered by the teacher education faculty for possible proba- 
ion or dismissal. Probationary status may also result from behaviors and/or 
dispositions considered as unprofessional, including but not limited to absen- 
teeism, tardiness, interpersonal conflict, disposition, or disrespectful behavior 
directed toward peers, colleagues, school personnel, or children. Behavior also 
must be consistent with the Milligan College Mission Statement and Goals. 

Appeals and Reinstatement 

A student who is dismissed may be reinstated upon recommendation of the 
Graduate Admissions and Retention Committee. Reinstatement is not auto- 
matic. The student must consult with the committee chair, who will submit a 
recommendation to the director of teacher certification for a decision bv the 
teacher education faculty. Appeals may be made on dismissal, denial of rein- 
statement, or any issue related to master of education program requirements. 
The student must submit a written petition to the Graduate Admissions and 
Retention Committee requesting reconsideration of the decision. The student 
will be notified when the petition will be brought before the teacher educa- 
tion faculty and will have an opportunity to appear in person. The student 
will be promptly notified in writing of the faculty's decision. 

Licensure Programs (non-degree) 

A student with a baccalaureate degree who is seeking teacher licensure must 
be admitted to the initial licensure graduate program. The student can prepare 
for licensure by completing courses that lead to a M.Ed, degree or bv com- 
pleting a carefully planned licensure program that does not result in a degree. 
The Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination is waived for stu- 
dents only seeking licensure and not the degree. All students pursuing degree 
completion must meet candidacy requirements noted above. Graduation and 
completion of the Milligan program of study does not guarantee licensure. 
Milligan College cannot recommend for licensure anv teacher candidate who 
has failed to meet minimum passing Tennessee approved scores on all 
required PRAXIS II tests and subtests. 

Special Enrollment 

This status is designed for students whose goal is to be accepted into the 
M.Ed, program as degree seeking, licensure onlv, or additional endorsement 
but do not meet the admissions standards (e.g. youthful college GPA or 
incomplete admission file). This status enables a student to enroll for graduate 
credit, but it does not guarantee that such credit will be counted twoard 
degree/licensure objectives. Upon completion of special arrangements made 
by the M.Ed. Graduate Admissions and Retention Committee, the student 
may re-enter the admissions process. The Committee requires at least condi- 
tional admission status for the student to be licensure seeking. When the 
M.Ed. Graduate Admissions and Retention Committee have reclassified a stu- 
dent in special enrollment status to condition or unconditional admission at 
Milligan College, a maximum of nine semester hours of special enrollment 
credit may be counted toward a degree objective unless otherwise approved 
by the Committee. Students enrolled under this special status are not eligible 
to receive federal financial aid. 

Licensure Examinations (PRAXIS II) 

Students who have not taken the PRAXIS II "Principles of Learning and 
Teaching" and appropriate Specialty Area Examinations must complete these 
examinations during their program(s) of study. Due to limited annual test 
dates, students are urged to complete required testing as early as possible in 
their programs of study. Based upon the assumption that academic content 
has already been mastered in the student's baccalaureate degree program, it is 
recommended that all required Specialty Area Examinations be completed no 



later than November. Milligan College cannot recommend licensure for any 
candidate who has failed to attain Tennessee approved scores on all required 
licensure tests. Candidates will not be considered program completers until 
minimum scores have been attained on all required licensure tests. A passing 
grade will not be awarded in EDUC 560 Advanced Capstone Seminar until all 
minimum scores are met. Failure to pass the Capstone Seminar will also delay 
graduation until acceptable test scores are achieved. 

In accordance with the United States Confess in the reauthorization of Title II of the 
Higher Education Act, the Milligan College Teacher Education Program reports PRAX- 
IS II pass rates for 2003-2004 program completers. 'Sinety-eight percent of tbefify-six 
students passed all the Praxis II exams they took for initial teacher licensure. 

Aggregate pass rates for 2003-2004 were: 

Professional Knowledge 98% 

Academic Content 95% 

Other Content Area 100% 

Special Teaching Populations 100% 

Transfer Credit 

A maximum of six semester hours of graduate credit in acceptable areas of 
study may be considered by the Graduate Admissions and Retention 
Committee for transfer from other approved institutions to the Milligan 
College M.Ed, degree program. 

Enrollment of Undergraduates in Graduate Courses or 
Graduate Students in Undergraduate Courses 

Graduate students or undergraduate students at the junior and senior level 
may choose to take courses at the graduate or undergraduate level in areas 
which are comparable and are supported by the students' academic adviser. 

Time Limits for Completion of Requirements 

A graduate student in the M.Ed, program must complete all degree require- 
ments within a six-year period. A successful appeal of this limitation may 
result in an extension of one, two, or three semesters granted bv the teacher 
education faculty upon the recommendation of the student's graduate adviser 
and the director of teacher education. 

Grade Requirements for Graduation 

Students must achieve a 3.00 overall grade point average on required course 
work to be eligible for graduation. The minimum grade for all graduate pro- 
gram course work is C-. No more than two grades below B- can be counted 
toward graduation requirements. 

Research Project 

Students complete a research project that begins in Education 511 Research 
Methods in Education. The project features action research related to the 
school setting of the internship assignment. Research topics are developed 
collaboratively with Millig an faculty and partner school personnel. Designated 
checkpoints are established for students to report on their research projects. 
Results of the research are presented in a seminar near the end of the stu- 
dent's graduate program. 

Internship 

Graduate students in initial licensure programs must complete EDUC 551 
Internship I and EDUC 552 Internship II. This two-semester practicum in 
teaching, assessment, and classroom management provides sustained super- 
vised experience in classrooms of community partner schools, working direct- 
ly with master teachers as mentors. Intern experience placements will be made 
with parmer school systems located near Milligan College in order to maintain 
proper supervision levels and the integrity of our Teacher Education 
Program. Placement in at least two grade levels is required for each licensure 
area. Students are not eligible for placement in the internship until prerequi- 
site academic content and methodology courses are completed. The intern- 
ship experience is also evaluated by Milligan College and school system per- 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



80 education (M.Ed.) 



sonnel using the Tennessee "Frameworks" evaluation instrument. As such, 
this rear of "apprenticeship" is counted as the first rear of teaching experi- 
ence toward professional licensure status in Tennessee. Each student must 
also complete a co-requisite advanced capstone seminar (EDUC 560) during 
each semester of the internship. A critical component of the capstone semi- 
nars is the verification of program outcomes through successful completion 
of the portfolio and all required licensure examinations. Modest stipends 
often accompanv the internship experience. 

Graduate Course Load 

The normal course load for full-time students in the M.Ed, program is nine 
to twelve hours per semester. In certain cases, the dean and the director of 
teacher education may approve a fifteen-hour load for exceptional students. 
The maximum course load per four-week summer session is 6 hours. 



Six Curricula 

In addition to the core courses listed below, the six curricula that lead to the 
Mid. degree and initial licensure include the early childhood program, ele- 
mentary program, middle grades program, the secondarv program, the special 
education program, and the K-12 specialty programs in phvsical education, 
theatre, or music These programs require 45 to 4~ hours of graduate credit. 
Each curriculum described below may be completed in one academic year 
and two summers (15 months). 

Core courses for all curricula (25 hrs) 

(required for eacb initial licensure program) 

EDUC 511 Research Methods in Education (3 hrs) 

EDUC 512 Research Seminar (2 hrs) 

EDUC 513 Scholady Writing (1 hr) 

EDUC 551 Internship I (5 hrs) 

EDUC 552 Internship II (6 hrs) 

EDUC 560a Advanced Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 

EDUC 560b Advanced Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 

EDUC 562 Seminar in Middle Grades and Secondary Foundations. 

or 
EDUC 5~1 Early Childhood and Elementarv Foundations (3 hrs) 
EDUC 5~3 Advanced Child Development and Learning (3 hrs) 

Early Childhood Education courses (22 hrs) 

EDUC 540 Health and Physical Education Methods (2 hrs) 

EDUC 541 Integrating the Arts into Curriculum (2 hrs) 

EDUC 544 Advanced Children's Literature (3 hrs) 

EDUC 575 Advanced Eadv Childhood Administration (3 hrs) 

EDUC 5~6 Early Childhood and Elementarv Curriculum and Methods 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 5^~ Language Arts and Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC 5~9 Children with Special Needs (3 hrs) 
EDUC elective (3 hrs) 

Elementary Education courses (22 hrs) 

EDUC 540 Health and Physical Education Methods (2 hrs) 

EDL'C 541 Integrating the Arts into Curriculum (2 hrs) 

EDUC 544 Advanced Children's Literature (3 hrs) 

EDUC 5"6 Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and Methods 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 5 7 7 Language Arts and Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC S"^ Children with Special Xeeds (3 hrs) 
EDUC electrves (6 hrs) 



Middle Grades Education courses (20 hrs) 

EDUC 520 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods (3 

hrs) 
EDUC 521 Middle Grades and Secondarv Curriculum and Methods II 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 523 Models of Teaching (3 his) 
EDUC 52~ Content Area Reading 

or 
EDUC 5~~ Language Arts and Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC 530 Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 
EDUC 541 Integrating the Arts into Curriculum (2 hrs) 
EDUC elective (3 hrs) 

Secondary Education courses (21 hrs) 

EDUC 520 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods (3 

hrs) 
EDL'C 521 Middle Grades and Secondarv Curriculum and Methods II 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 523 Models of Teaching (3 hrs) 
EDUC 52" Content Area Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC 530 Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 
EDUC electrves (6 hrs) 

K-12 Music, Theatre, and Physical Education 
courses (21 hrs*) 

EDUC 520 Middle Grades and Secondarv Curriculum and Methods (3 

hrs) 
EDUC 521 Middle Grades and Secondarv Curriculum and Methods II 

(3 hrs) 
EDUC 523 Models of Teaching (3 hrs) 
EDUC 52~ Content Area Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC 530 Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 
EDUC electrves* (6 hrs) 
*An elementary level (K-6) methodology course in the major is also 

required for licensure. 

Special Education courses (21 hrs) 

Milligan College has voluntarily suspended the special education pro- 
gram due to limited demand; no new students will be enrolled in 
this program until further notice. 
EDUC 52" Content Area Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC 530 Education of Exceptional Students (3 hrs) 
EDUC 5 language Arts and Reading (3 hrs) 
EDUC 582 Characteristics of Exceptional Children (3 hrs) 
EDUC 583 Educational Procedures for Exceptional Children (3 hrs) 
EDUC 584 Child Who is Mentally Retarded (3 hrs) 
EDUC 585 Child \Tho is Multiply Handicapped (3 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



education (M.Ed.) 81 



Advanced degree 

The M.Ed, advanced program is designed for licensed teachers who teach at 
the early childhood, elementary, middle grades, or secondary level and who 
wish to develop professionally. The advanced program increases both the 
quality and quantity of the educadonal experiences for teachers in profession- 
al educadon. Students may finish the 36-hour advanced degree program in 
two years, including fall, spring, and summer courses. Students may also 
choose to extend course work beyond the typical two-year period. 

The advanced degree master of education program supports the following 
goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agencies; mentoring, nurturing, and protecting others; and 
displaying increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 
tures. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

Student outcomes for the advanced licensure program are based upon the fol- 
lowing principles of the National Board for Professional Teacher Standards 
(NBPTS): (1) Teachers are committed to learning; (2) Teachers know the sub- 
jects they teach and how to teach those subjects to students; (3) Teachers are 
responsible for managing and monitoring student learning; (4) Teachers think 
systematically about their practice and learn from experience; (5) Teachers are 
members of learning communities; (6) Teachers combine Christian values, 
knowledge, and interpersonal skills to reflect the attributes of a Christian edu- 
cator, ensuring maximum group and individual learning. 

The program integrates theory, action research, and reflective practice. 
Courses are typically taught in school facilities in the community by Milligan 
faculty members and participating partner school master teachers and admin- 
istrators. Program outcomes are based upon National Board for Professional 
Teacher Standards (NBPTS) and are documented in professional portfolios. 
An important feature of the program is mentorship of participants by 
NBPTS certified teachers from the community and region, who will facilitate 
portfolio development. 

The 36 credit hour advanced master of education program consists of a 24 
credit hour core and 12 elective credits. Participants may also add an addition- 
al endorsement concurrent with their enrollment in the program. Additional 
endorsements may require more than twelve elective credits, however. 

The program of study is offered in early childhood education, 
elementary/middle grades education, and secondary education cohorts. Core 
course work is scheduled in six-credit-hour blocks of instruction for four 
consecutive fall and spring semesters. 



Program Characteristics and Curriculum 

Application, admission, and retention policies and procedures for the 
advanced degree program arc parallel to those noted above tor the initial 
licensure M.Ed, program. Comprehensive examination procedures are also 
parallel. The advanced degree curriculum consists of core courses, research, 
and elcctives as follows: 

Core courses (18 hrs) 

EDUC 621 Assessment and Evaluation (3 hrs) 
EDUC 622 Classroom Management (3 hrs) 
EDUC 626 Mentorship (3 hrs) 
EDUC 631 Family and Community Culture (3 hrs) 
EDUC 662 School Organization and Law (3 hrs) 
EDUC 670 Professional Teacher Standards (3 hrs) 

Research (6 hrs) 

EDUC 511 Research Methods in Education (3 hrs) 
EDUC 512 Research Seminar (2 hrs) 
EDUC 513 Scholarly Writing (1 hr) 

Electives (12 hrs) 

Twelve hours of elective course work are required for degree comple- 
tion. Electives may be selected from graduate courses offered in the ini- 
tial licensure program. Students are encouraged to select electives based 
upon a professional growth plan. An additional endorsement may be a 
part of this plan. Below are the suggested elective courses by area: 

Licensed ECE or Elementary Teachers 

EDUC 532 Counseling of Children and Families (3 hrs) 

EDUC 544 Advanced Children's Literature (3 hrs) 

EDUC 565 Technology in Education (3 hrs) 

EDUC 572 Advanced Child Guidance* (3 hrs) 

EDUC 573 Advanced Child Development and Learning (3 hrs) 

EDUC 575 Advanced Early Childhood Administration* (3 hrs) 

EDUC 576 Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and 

Methods* (3 hrs) 
EDUC 577 Language Arts and Literacy* (3 hrs) 
EDUC 579 Children with Special Needs (3 hrs) 
* Required for those adding PreK-3 endorsement to elementary 

licensure. 

Licensed Middle Grades or Elementary 
Teachers 

EDUC 520 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and 

Methods* (3 hrs) 
EDUC 521 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and 

Methods II (3 hrs) 
EDUC 523 Models of Teaching (3 hrs) 
EDUC 532 Counseling of Children and Families (3 hrs) 
EDUC 540 Health and Physical Education Methods* (2 hrs) 
EDUC 565 Technology in Education (3 hrs) 
EDUC 573 Advanced Child Development and Learning (3 hrs) 
*Required for those adding Middle Grades (4-8) endorsement to 

PreK-3 license. 

Licensed Secondary Teachers 

EDUC 520 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and 

Methods (3 hrs) 
EDUC 521 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and 

Methods II (3 hrs) 
EDUC 523 Models of Teaching (3 hrs) 
EDUC 532 Counseling of Children and Families (3 hrs) 
EDUC 565 Technology in Education (3 hrs) 
EDUC 573 Advanced Child Development and Learning (3 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



82 education (M.Ed.) 



Course Descriptions 



EDUC 511. Research Methods in Education - The role of inquiry in edu- 
cation and an overview of educational research methods and design. Study of 
problem solving, research methods, research design, and basic data analysis 
procedures used in experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, and qualita- 
tive research. Completion of a research prospectus, literature review, research 
design, and instrumentation for a research project Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 512. Research Seminar - Completion of the research study begun in 
Education 511. Students discuss types of data, appropriate data analysis pro- 
cedures, published research, and principles of research interpretation. Offered 
spring term each year. Two semester hours. 

EDUC 513. Scholarly Writing - Each candidate reports on his or her own 
research fin dings, explores subsequent publication, and reflects upon applica- 
tions of research in the classroom and school. Offered May and summer 
term each year. One semester hour. 

EDUC 520. Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods - 
Study of strategies for designing and implementing curriculum in the middle 
grades and secondary school including assessment, unit and lesson p lanning 
and styles of instruction Material is developed into strategies for classroom 
practice. Offered summer term each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 521. Middle Grades and Secondary- Curriculum and Methods II 
(Content Areas) - A study of current curriculum and teaching strategies 
used in specific teaching disciplines. Continuation of EDUC 520 with assis- 
tance from content area specialists. Offered summer term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

EDUC 523. Models of Teaching - A study of a variety of approaches to 
teaching designed to give teachers a broad repertoire of teaching skills that 
will enable students to become more effective learners and bring about par- 
ticular kinds of learning. Also included is an examination of the new tech- 
nologies available in education Offered summer term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

EDUC 525. Structure of the Curriculum - A study of current trends in 
curriculum development, including curriculum integration. Candidates learn 
how to define objectives, plan for improvement, and organize instructional 
materials. An elective in licensed teacher programs. Offered occasionally. 
Three semester hours. 

EDUC 527. Content Area Reading - A study of approaches and proce- 
dures designed to assist students in grades 7-12 in hemming adept readers. 
The primary focus is on reading and language arts in the curriculum content 
areas. Guiding literacy development in students with both typical and atypical 
language skills is included. Techniques to modify and expand instruction 
based on student development are examined and discussed. Offered fall and 
summer terms each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 529. Teaching Mathematics - A study of the presentation of calcu- 
lation skills and applied mathematics problem-solving appropriate to the ele- 
mentary schools. Remediation strategies are included. Offered occasionally. 
Three semester hours. 

EDUC 530. Education of Exceptional Students - A study of the applica- 
tions of educational theories and research related to the instruction of stu- 
dents with special needs. Topics include student characteristics, motivation, 
instruction, evaluation, and procedures for special education referrals. 
Offered spring and summer terms each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 532. Counseling of Children and Families - A study of counsel- 
ing principles important to teachers as they interact with children and their 
families. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 



EDUC 540. Health and Physical Education Methods - Reading and dis- 
cussion of fitness and health concerns of children. The course includes 
instruction and practice related to physical activity and rhythmical activities. 
Emphasis is on integration of health and physical education topics and activi- 
ties into the curriculum. Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours. 

EDUC 541. Integrating the Arts into Curriculum - A study of the use of 
the arts to stimulate creativity and as a means of expressing ideas, including 
the relationship between the arts and other subject areas, and integrating art, 
music, drama, and dance with other subject areas. The use of the arts to 
explore and understand other people and cultures and to build positive atti- 
tudes toward self and others is included. Offered fall term each year. Two 
semester hours. 

EDUC 544. Advanced Children's Literature - An in-depth smdy of chil- 
dren's literature, infancy through adolescence. Emphasis is on criteria for 
planning, presenting, and evaluating a quality literature program to provide 
rich literary experiences, grades Pre-Kindergarten - grade 8. Candidates com- 
pare and contrast literary contributions from all genres of literature. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 551. Internship I - A full-day, full-semester, school-based profes- 
sional growth experience. In addition to a specific teaching assignment, the 
student may have observations of various school situations, emphasizing 
diversity, exceptionality, and rural and urban settings. Some experiences to 
develop psychological readiness for the profession are included. Concurrent 
enrollment in EDUC 560 Advanced Capstone Seminar required. Offered fall 
term each year. Five semester hours. 

EDUC 552. Internship II - A full-day, full-semester, school-based profes- 
sional growth experience. A continuation of the internship involving greater 
responsibility in the teaching assignment Concurrent enrollment in EDUC 
560 Advanced Capstone Seminar required. Offered spring term each year. Six 
semester hours. 

EDUC 553. Teaching Practicum - A supervised practicum in lesson plan- 
ning, instruction, and assessment for grades PreK-12. Designed for post-bac- 
calaureate students seeking an additional endorsement or interim license, this 
course does not substitute for student teaching. Offered on demand. Three, 
six, twelve semester hours. 

EDUC 560a/b. Advanced Capstone Seminar - A capstone seminar 
designed to promote reflection, in-depth discussion, and collaborative action 
research. Designed to integrate all elements of the program and document 
program outcomes in the candidate portfolio. Also includes topical presenta- 
tions by Milligan and partner school faculty. Enrollment limited to students 
enrolled concurrendy in EDUC 551 and 552 Internship. Will be repeated 
once for credit Offered fall and spring terms each year. One semester hout 

EDUC 562. Seminar in Middle Grades and Secondary Foundations - A 
survey of the historical, philosophical, legal, and social foundations of middle 
and secondary school education in the United States. Offered summer term. 
Three semester hours. 

EDUC 563. Advanced Educational Psychology - A smdy of the applica- 
tion of psychological theories and research to classroom setting. Topics 
include student characteristics, mental health, personality, learning theories, 
group dynamics, motivation, and evaluation with a focus on social construc- 
tivist theory. Offered occasionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 565. Technology in Education - A smdy of applications of tech- 
nology to instruction of children in PreK-12 schools and to the maintenance 
of records and resources. Includes multimedia, computer-based educational 
games, access to learning resources via the Internet, and web page design. An 
elective in secondary and licensed teacher programs. Offered occasionally. 
Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog ■ 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



education (M.Ed.) 83 



EDUC 571. Early Childhood and Elementary Foundations - A study of 
historical, philosophical, and theoretical foundations of early childhood and 
elementary education with an introduction to curriculum planning and an 
emphasis on major trends and issues in early childhood and elementary edu- 
cation. Offered summer term. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 572. Advanced Child Guidance - A study of skills and techniques 
for handling behavioral and disciplinary issues of young children. Candidates 
create and design creative experiences and activities for children in the setting 
of their internship. Emphasis is on providing a developmentally appropriate 
environment that fosters social/emotional development. Offered occasionally. 
Three semester hours. 

EDUC 573. Advanced Child Development and Learning - A study of 
theories of learning applicable to children from birth through adolescence. 
The content focuses on constructivist theories of learning with major empha- 
sis given to the theories of Piaget, Dewey, Gardner, and Vygotsky. 
Implications of child development for classroom teaching are addressed. 
Three semester hours. Offered summer term each year. 

EDUC 575. Advanced Early Childhood Administration - A discussion of 
the philosophy, organization, and components of developmentally appropri- 
ate programs for children and their families. Administration, environmental 
aspects, parent and community involvement, staff supervision, evaluation, 
development, and budget of programs are examined. Offered summer term 
each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 576. Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and Methods 

- A study of the educational needs of children. Focus is on planning and 
implementing learning environments that provide hands-on discovery learning 
where the student is an active participant, problem-solver, and decision- 
maker. Candidates learn how to use assessment and implement integrated the- 
matic units and projects related to students' interests and state standards. 
Includes guidance and classroom management. Offered summer term. Three 
semester hours. 

EDUC 577. Language Arts and Reading - A study of the current methods 
and strategies for teaching language arts and reading, including such topics as 
language development, phonological awareness, word recognition, whole lan- 
guage, comprehension, vocabulary development, writing, spelling, and assess- 
ment. Offered summer term. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 579. Children with Special Needs - A study of early childhood and 
elementary special education areas: assessment; family participation; 
IEPs/IFSPs; service delivery models; general curriculum; and intervention 
strategies. Also includes a study of diversity and its implications for teaching 
and learning. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 582. Characteristics of Exceptional Children - A study of all 
aspects of exceptional children including reading, arithmetic, auditory, visual, 
and perceptual motor problems as well as characteristics of children who are 
gifted. The student is introduced to assessment using diagnostic tests to deter- 
mine if special services are needed to assist the children in achieving. 
Principles and best practices in classroom management are also studied. An 
experiential approach is used so that critical thinking skills may aid in deci- 
sion-making. Offered occasional!)'. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 583. Educational Procedures for Exceptional Children - 

Educational procedures and materials for teaching exceptional children who 
are learning disabled, mentally retarded, emotionally disturbed, physically 
handicapped, gifted, and socially maladjusted with an emphasis on learning. 
Techniques discussed include behavior modification, perceptual remediation, 
cognitive and intellectual development, and the use of various apparati helpful 
to exceptional children. An additional two clock hours per week may be 
required for observation and experience in the schools. Offered occasionally. 
Three semester hours. 



EDUC 584. The Child Who is Mentally Retarded - A study of the causes 

and characteristics of mental retardation. The diagnosis, treatment, curricu- 
lum, life care, parental adjustment, and psychological development of the 
mentally retarded are discussed. Offered occasionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 585. The Child Who is Multiply Handicapped - A study of the 
nature and needs of individuals with severe, profound, and multiple handi- 
caps with emphasis on basis educational approaches and on the roles of fed- 
eral, state, and local agencies in providing services to this population. Offered 
occasionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 590. Directed Study - Research related to a specific educational 
problem under the direct supervision of an instructor. Offered each term. 
One to six semester hours. 

EDUC 592. Grant Writing - An overview of the grant writing process 
including how to research grant opportunities and how to determine those 
most appropriate for their own situations. Students write grant proposals and 
follow-up reports, tailoring proposals to specific organizations. Offered occa- 
sionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 595. Contemporary Issues - A seminar designed to promote in- 
depth discussion, independent research, and writing in areas not included in 
the regular course offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semes- 
ter. An elective in licensed teacher programs. Offered occasionally. One to 
three semester hours. 

EDUC 621. Assessment and Evaluation - A focus on the strategies for the 
assessment and evaluation of student and teacher performance, including con- 
struction of teacher-made tests and alternate approaches. Candidates also learn 
how to read and interpret standardized test scores for student diagnosis and 
individualization of instruction. Offered occasionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 622. Classroom Management - A study of positive child guidance 
and effective classroom management strategies. Emphasis is on creating safe, 
caring classrooms through organizing and managing effectively. Topics 
include psychosocial, physical, instructional, organizational, procedural, and 
behavior dimensions of classroom management. Offered occasionally. Three 
semester hours. 

EDUC 626. Mentorship - A study of the mentoring process. Areas of study 
include classroom and school environments that effectively nurture mentors 
and protegees; the recruitment, selection, and training of mentors; matching 
mentors and protegees; and evaluating the results of mentoring. Offered 
occasionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 631. Family and Community Culture - A discussion of anthropo- 
logical skills for studying children in the context of families and communities, 
including some discussion of various sub-cultures in the United States. 
Offered occasionally. Three semester hours. 

EDUC 662. School Organization and Law - A study of the organization 
and structure of the school including central office activities, special services, 
supervision, and school level administration. Offered occasionally. Three 
semester hours. 

EDUC 670. Professional Teacher Standards - A course preparing teachers 
to meet professional standards established by the National Board of 
Professional Teaching Standards, paralleling the documentation process 
required for National Board Certification. This course reviews the five areas 
required for National Board Certification: 1) Teachers are committed to stu- 
dents and their learning; 2) Teachers know the subjects they teach and how to 
teach those subjects to students; 3) Teachers are responsible for managing and 
monitoring student learning; 4) Teachers think systematically about their prac- 
tice and learn from experience; and 5) Teachers are members of learning 
communities. Students are coached through an extensive series of perform- 
ance-based assessments. A portfolio is required for this course. Offered occa- 
sionally. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



84 English 



English 

Area of Humane Learning 

The English major supports the following goal of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts . . 
. and to understand a significant body of material in their major fields 
of study. 

Graduates of Milligan's English program go on to teach in public and private 
schools and colleges (with additional study), to do graduate work in English 
and related fields, to study law, to work as journalists, editors, and public rela- 
tions officers, to study library science/information technology, and to work in 
marketing, customer assistance, and other aspects of the business world. 

The course of study in English language and literature is designed to enable 
the student (1) to read literature with appreciation, understanding, and a 
developing critical sophistication; (2) to write clear and effective literary criti- 
cism and analysis; and (3) to acquire a knowledge base which will allow the 
individual to pursue additional education or to obtain gainful employment. 

English major - B.A. (30 hrs) 

ENGL 304 or 305 Survey of American Literature (3 hrs) 
ENGL 460 Elizabethan Drama (3 hrs) or 461 Jacobean Drama (3 hrs) 
Sis hours of literature from HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202 (6 hrs) 
At least one course from 4 of the 5 areas below: 
English Language and Literary Criticism (311, 312, 450) 
Medieval and Renaissance Literature (430, 460, 461, 462) 
Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Literature (304, 361) 
Nineteenth-Century Literature (434, 435) 
Modern and Post-Modern Literature (305, 402, 411, 414) 
Additional courses in English as needed for a total of 30 hrs in the 
major 

Six hours of junior or senior level theatre arts courses may be applied to an 
English major. The English major is available only as a Bachelor of Arts 
degree; therefore, foreign language through the intermediate level is 
required. 

Every English major must take the ETS Major Field Test Literature in 
English El (senior major exam). 

The secondary English teacher licensure program includes the following 
courses: 

ENGL 304 or 305 Survey of American Literature (3 hrs) 

ENGL 311 Advanced Grammar (3 hrs) 

ENGL 361 Novel or 362 African-American Literature or 414 British 

Fiction (3 hrs) 
ENGL 402 Short Story or 363 Appalachian Literature or 365 Literature 

by Women (3 hrs) 
ENGL 460 Elizabethan Drama or 461 Jacobean Drama (3 hrs) 
ENGL electives (9 hrs) 
Six hours of world literature from the humanities sequence or from 

ENGL 402 and 411 (6 hrs) 
EDUC 357 Content Area Reading (3 hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



Students pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree with an English major must 
complete English electives to total 30 semester hours in the major. The fol- 
lowing six hours of Theatre Arts courses may be substituted for six hours of 
English electives: THEA 242 Fundamentals of Acting and THEA 340 
Fundamentals of Directing. Foreign language through the intermediate level 
is required. 



English minor (18 hrs) 

Six hours from HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202 (6 hrs) 
Electives in both American and English literature (12 hrs) 



Course Descriptions 

ENGL 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to study material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an individualized 
approach in a field not covered in a single course. Not open to freshmen. 
One to three semester hours. 

ENGL 304-305. Survey of American Literature - A study of the literature 
of the American people with special attention to the writings of the major 
authors. Collateral reading is assigned in the American novel. ENGL 304 
offered fall term two out of three years; ENGL 305 offered spring term 
alternate years. Three semester hours each semester. 

ENGL 311. Advanced Grammar - Advanced study in the principles of 
English grammar with attention to sentence structure, verb forms, and cur- 
rent usage. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 312. Introduction to Linguistics - A study of the basic principles 
of linguistic analysis as specifically applied to the English language. Offered 
fall term every third year. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 354. Children's Literature - A study of children's literature designed 
to acquaint the student with the literary contributions suitable for elementary 
grades. Not applicable towards an English major. Offered spring term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 361. Novel - A study of the history and development of the novel as 
a literary type with special emphasis on eighteenth and nineteenth-century 
British and American novels. Offered spring term alternate years. Three 
semester hours. 

ENGL 362. African-American Narrative Literature - A study of autobio- 
graphical and fictional narratives by African-American writers with emphasis 
on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and attention to historical context 
and current critical issues. This course fulfills the ethnic studies course 
requirement in the general education core. Offered fall term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

ENGL 363. Appalachian Literature - A study of fiction and poetry of 
Appalachia from both the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with ancillary 
consideration of the history and sociology of the region. This course 
involves discussions, research, and oral presentations. Offered spring term 
alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 364. The Fiction of C. S. Lewis - A close look at Lewis's fictional 
works, with some reference to his other writings. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



English 85 



ENGL 365. Literature by Women - A study of women's literature as a dis- 
tinct tradition. The course involves reading of major women writers from dif- 
ferent periods and genres, with the major emphasis on the nineteenth century 
and the twentieth century. Writers studied include Mary Wollstonecraft, the 
Brontes, Christina Rossetti, Kate Chopin, Virginia Woolf, Susan Glaspell, 
Doris Lessing, Adrienne Rich, Toni Morrison, and Caryl Churchill. Offered 
fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 402. Short Story - A chronological study of the development of the 
short story in the western tradition during the nineteenth and twentieth cen- 
turies with emphasis on American, British, and post-colonial stories; some 
attention to creative writing. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 

ENGL 411. Twentieth-Century Literature - A study of leading writers of 
fiction, poetry, and drama in the twentieth century, including American, 
English, and post-colonial writers. This is a seminar course, involving discus- 
sions, independent research, and oral presentations. Offered fall term alter- 
nate vears. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 413. Literature and the Cyber Age - A study of how selected writ- 
ers, philosophers, and cultural critics, primarily from the twentieth century, 
have reacted to as well as helped influence various forms of technological 
development, and how they have represented corresponding changes in socie- 
ty, self, mind, and genre in their works. This is a seminar course, involving dis- 
cussions, independent research, and oral presentations. Offered fall term 
evety third year. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 414. British Fiction of the Twentieth Century - A study of major 
British writers in the Twentieth Century, such as A. S. Byatt, Joseph Conrad, 
E. M. Forster, Graham Greene, James Joyce, D. H. Lawrence, Katherine 
Mansfield, Iris Murdoch, and Virginia Woolf. Offered fall term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

ENGL 415. Southern Renascence/Harlem Renaissance - A study of two 
early twentieth-century phenomena — the most significant post- World War I 
manifestation of African-American arts and letters, the Harlem Renaissance, 
and the exclusively white Southern Renascence — which centers around how 
the two combined have profoundly influenced the development of southern 
literature. This is a seminar course, involving discussions, independent 
research, and oral presentations. Offered fall term every third year. Three 
semester hours. 



ENGL 434. The Age of Wordsworth: Poetry, Prose, Politics - A study of 
the Romantic era in English literature with special emphasis upon the poet 
Wordsworth and his contemporaries, both poets and prose writers, along with 
selected political writings. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 

ENGL 435. Victorian Period - A study of the fascinating contradictions of 
the second half of the nineteenth century as expressed in the major poets, 
essayists, and novelists of the period. Offered spring term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

ENGL 450. Introduction to Literary Theory and Criticism - A studv of 
the theory and practice of literary criticism, designed to provide knowledge of 
the underpinnings of the discipline and a primary conversance with the major 
approaches. This is a seminar course, involving discussions, independent 
research, and oral presentations. Offered fall term every third year. Three 
semester hours. 

ENGL 460. Elizabethan Drama - An examination of the earlier 
Shakespearean plays with collateral reading in the works of his fellow play- 
wrights. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 461. Jacobean Drama - An examination of the later Shakespearean 
plays with collateral reading in the works of his fellow playwrights. Offered 
spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 462. Love and Faith: Spenser, Donne, Milton, and Their 
Contemporaries - Careful readings of the works of Spenser, Sidney, 
Shakespeare (nondramatic), Jonson, the Metaphysical poets, and Milton. 
Offered fall term every third year. Three semester hours. 

ENGL 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
One to three semester hours. 

ENGL 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. One to three semester hours. 

ENGL 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three 
semester hours. 



ENGL 424. Advanced Writing - An opportunity for extensive experience in 
writing, editing, critiquing the works of others, and working toward publica- 
tion. Prereq.: HUMN 101-2, 201-2 (or equivalent) and approval of the 
instructor. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hrs. 

ENGL 430. Medieval Literature - A study of English literature of the 
Middle Ages, from Beowulf and "The Dream of the Rood" to Sir Gawain 
and the Green Knight and portions of Canterbury Tales and Morte d'Arthur. 
Also included are the plays Everyman and The Second Shepherds' Play and 
many shorter works, such as Caedmon's hymn, Anglo-Saxon riddles, and even 
a ballad about Robin Hood. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 

ENGL 431. Feature Writing for Print Media - A practical course in 
researching and writing in-depth feature articles for newspapers and maga- 
zines, including a survey of trends in feature writing. Students are encouraged 
to submit feature articles to the campus newspaper and to regional or national 
publications. Offered fall term odd years. Three semester hours. Same as 
COMM 431. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



86 exercise science I film studies 



Exercise Science 

Area of Education 

The exercise science minor supports the following goals of Milligan 
College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major fields of studv. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through aw T areness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

■ Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical and theatrical groups, student 
clubs, smdent government, and other campus-sponsored extracurricular 
endeavors, in preparation for life-long participation in similar activities. 

The skills and knowledge gained through the exercise science minor allow 
students to pursue jobs in school, community, or industrial settings and pro- 
vides a springboard into various graduate programs. 



HPXS major - B.A. or B.S. (38 hrs) 

Emphasis in Exercise Science 

A student may declare an HPXS major with an emphasis in exercise science. 
For further information on this major, refer to the information under the list- 
ing for Human Performance and Exercise Science (HPXS). 



Film Studies 



Area of Performing, Visual and Communicative Arts 

Communications major - B.A. or B.S. 
(36 hrs) 

Emphasis in Film Studies 

A smdent may declare a communications major with an emphasis in Film 
Srudies. For norther information on this major, refer to the information under 
the listing "Communications." 

Film Studies minor (18 hrs) 

Communications majors with a broadcasting emphasis interested in pursuing 
vocations in the film industry minor in Film Studies by taking one of two 
programs of study: 

1 . Completion of on-campus courses including THEA 242 and 340; 
COMM 495 American Film History; nine additional hours of elec- 
tives with courses and course content adapted for the minor with 
the approval of the adviser and the class instructor. 

2. Admission to and completion of the Los Angeles Film Studies 
program, a semester-long, 15-credit hour program sponsored by 
the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU). This 
program allows students to study filmmaking in Los Angeles while 
doing internships at businesses in the entertainment industry. In 
addition the student also completes COMM 495 American Film 
History. 









Exercise Science minor (20 hrs) 

HPXS 341 Exercise Physiology- (4 hrs) 
HPXS 352 Kinesiology- and Biomechanics (4 hrs) 
BIOL 250 and 251 Anatomy and Physiology (8 hrs) 
CHEM (4 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



fine arts 87 



Fine Arts 



Area of Performing, Visual and Communicative arts 

The fine arts major is designed to contribute to the development of students' 
God-given personalities and talents by increasing their appreciation for and 
knowledge of human creativity. Within that context, the major in fine arts 
cultivates the development of Christian artists who glorify God by striving for 
the highest standards of artistic excellence-ministering to people through their 
art and contributing to the richness and beauty of life, both in the church and 
in society. 

The fine arts major supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in liberal arts and the natu- 
ral and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of material 
in their major field of study. 

■ Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical and theatre groups, student 
clubs, student government, and other campus-sponsored extra-curricu- 
lum endeavors, in preparation for life-long participation in similar activi- 
ties. 

Graduates with a fine arts major are expected to: (1) demonstrate a clear 
understanding of the fundamental skills, theories, principles, and technologies 
necessary in the making of art, music, photography, or theatre; (2) demon- 
strate the capacity to formulate a personal philosophy and aesthetic direction 
for their art; (3) demonstrate a basic understanding of the link between art 
making and the study of art history and current trends in art; (4) be capable 
of constructing intelligent standards for the critical evaluation of art. 

The strength of the fine arts major lies in its interdisciplinary nature. There 
are four areas of emphasis from which a student may choose when declaring 
a fine arts major. They are art, music, photography, and theatre arts. The 
electives within the fine arts major are determined by the students with their 
advisers to address the specific goals of the students. The fine arts major is 
available only as a Bachelor of Arts degree; foreign language through the 
intermediate level is required. 

While there is no fine arts minor, a student may minor in art, music, photog- 
raphy, or theatre arts. 



Fine Arts major - B.A. (35-38 hrs) 

Fine Arts major with Art emphasis 



Core (10 hours) 




Art emphasis (27 hours) 




One ot the following: Theatre 151,242, 
340,345 


3 hrs 


Art 1 10 Design Fundamentals 


3 hrs 


Art 237 Basic Photography 


3 hrs 


Art 250 Drawing 1 


3 hrs 


Art 400 Field Studies in Fine Arts 


lhr 


Art 251 Painting 1 


3 hrs 


Art 421 Fine Arts and the Church 


3 hrs 


Art 350 Drawing II 


3 hrs 






Art 351 Painting II 


3hr5 






Art 367 Art History 


3 hrs 






Art 41 lPrintmakingStudiow 431 Sculpture Studio 


3 hrs 






Art 490 Directed Studies 


3 hrs 






Art 494 Senior Exhibition 


3 hrs 




Fine Arts major with Music emphasis 


Core (13 hours) 




Music emphasis (25 hours) 




Art 237 Basic Photography 


3 hrs 


Music 143 Basic Music Theory/EarTraining 


3 hrs 


Art 250, 251, or any other studio art 


3 hrs 


Music 144 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training 


3 hrs 


Art 400 Field Studies in Fine Arts 


litis 


Music 263 Survey of Pop Music 


3 hrs 


Art 42 1 Fine Arts and the Church 


3 hrs 


Music 265 Music History Survey 


3 hrs 


Theatre 242 Fundamentals of Acting 


3 hrs 


Music 363 Basic Conducting 


3 hrs 






Music 490 Senior Project 


2 hrs 






Applied study (Principal ) 3 semester minimum 


3 hrs 






Applied study (Secondary) 2 semesters or until MUSC 
207 is passed 


lhr 






Ensembles 


4 hrs 




Fine Arts major with Photography 


emphasis 




Core (10 hours) 




Photography emphasis (27 hours) 




One ofthe following: Theatre 151, 242, 
340, or 345 


3 hrs 


Art 237 Basic Photography 


3 hrs 


Art 250, 251, or other studio art 


3 hrs 


Art 310 Intermediate Photography 


3 hrs 


Art 400 Field Studies in Fine Arts 


litis 


Art 312 Introduction to Color Photography 


3 hrs 


Art 421 Fine Arts and the Church 


3 his 


Art 337 Photojournalism 


3 his 






Art 366 History of Photography 


3 hrs 






Art 367 Art History 


3 hrs 


Art/Communications 453 or Art 437 Advanced B&W 3 hrs 
Photography (<vView Camera or Studio at ETSU) 






Art 490 Directed Studies 


3 hrs 






Art 494 Senior Exhibition 


3 hrs 




Fine Arts major with Theatre Arts 


emphasis 




Core (10 hours) 




Theatre Arts emphasis (22 hours) 




Art 237 Basic Photography 


3 hrs 


Theatre 141 Fund of Voice/Stage Movement 


3 hrs 


Art 110, 250, 251, or other studio art 


3 hrs 


Theatre 151 Introduction to Theatre 


3 hrs 


Art 400 Field Studies in Fine Arts 


lhr 


Theatre 242 Fundamentals of Acting 


3 hrs 


Art 421 Fine Arts and the Church 


3 hrs 


Theatre 340 Fundamentals of Directing 


3 hrs 






Theatre 345 Theatre Workshop 


6 his 






Music 100 Voice Elective 

or equivalent in vocal ensemble 


lhr 



English 460 Elizabethan Drama or 461 Jacobean 
Drama 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



88 fine arts 1 fitness and wellness 



Art emphasis 

Students completing the fine arts program with an emphasis in art acquire a 
strong foundation in visual art skills, insights, and overall aesthetic awareness. 
Outstanding students are prepared to apply to graduate school, enabling them 
to teach college or to pursue careers as professional artists. The art world also 
provides numerous opportunities to well-trained creative voung artists in 
related art vocations-gailerv and museum work, arts organization jobs, and 
free-lance art. 

Music emphasis 

The music emphasis is designed to help students acquire skills in various 
aspects of music The curriculum is taught from an artistic standpoint that 
prepares students for several music-related careers. Graduates can use their 
knowledge of basic music theory, solo and ensemble performance practice, 
and popular and historical music literature for careers in musical theatre, 
vocal or instrumental coaching, or to assist in studio work. The curriculum 
leads toward Music 490 Senior Project, in which the student engages in prac- 
tical work related to a desired career in one of these fields. 

Photography emphasis 

The photography emphasis is designed to help students acquire skills in vari- 
ous aspects of photography. The curriculum is taught from an artistic stand- 
point that gives students the creativity and experience necessary for a reward- 
ing future in photographv. Graduates can use their knowledge of photo- 
graphic processes, aesthetics, and history to provide professional services to 
the art co mm unity or commercial photographic markets. Photographers also 
provide supporting services for galleries, theatres, museums, and publishing; 
some teach photography. 

Theatre Arts emphasis 

The theatre arts emphasis stresses a basic understanding and appreciation for 
all facets of theatre work. Theatre arts graduates can work as actors, cos- 
tumers, stage managers, set designers, lighting technicians, sound operators, 
stage carpenters, arts agency promoters, and stage directors, while others can 
go on to study theatre in graduate school in preparation for teaching, busi- 
ness, and the minis try 

K-12 teacher licensure in Theatre 

MUligan College offers teacher licensure in theatre for grades K-1Z 
Those interested in licensure to teach must take the following theatre 
and English courses: 

THEA 141 Fundamentals of Voice/Stage Movement (3 hrs 

THEA 151 Introduction to Theatre (3 hrs) 

THEA 242 Fundamentals of Acting (3 hrs) 

THEA 340 Fundamentals of Directing 5 hrs 

THEA 345 Theatre Workshop (3 hrs) 

THEA 2520 Stagecraft (at ETSU 3 hrs 

ENGL 41 1 Twentieth-Century Literature OR 461 Jacobean Drama 
(3 hrs) 

EXGL 460 Elizabethan Drama (3 hrs) 



Fitness and Wellness 

Area of Education 

The Fitness and Wellness min or supports the following goals of Mflligan 
College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their abilitv to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate death" and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant bodv 
of material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

■ Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical anH theatrical groups, student 
clubs, student government, and other campus-sponsored extracurricular 
endeavors, in preparation for life-long participation in similar activities. 

The skills and knowledge gained through the Fitness and Wellness minor 
allow students to pursue jobs in community or industrial settings and pro- 
vides a springboard into various graduate programs. 



HPXS major - B.A. or B.S. (38 hrs) 

Emphasis in Fitness and Wellness 

A student may declare an HPXS ~^. ; :r — Id: zn c~ rhzsif in f— es= i^i — ed- 
ness. For farther information on this major, refer to the information under 



Fitness and Wellness minor (20 hrs) 

HPXS 101 Fitness for Life (1 hr) 

HPXS 308 Measurement and Evaluation (3 hrs) 

HPXS 310a First Aid and CPR (1 hr) 

HPXS 341 Exercise Physiology (4 hrs) 

HPXS 352 Kinesiology and Biomechanics (4 hrs) 

HPXS 436 Exercise in Health and Disease (3 hrs) 

BIOL 250 Anatomy and Physiology (4 hrs) 



For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



_ ; = " :: e:e s: = :e~: : = :=:: ■ II I r- 1 r ■ Avr* _ ra _ e:_ 



French 89 



French 

Area of Humane Learning 

The French program supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts. . . . 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through . . . appreciation 
for the arts . . . and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding 
career or profession. 

The French program emphasizes the four language skills of listening, speak- 
ing, reading, and writing. While the primary focus is on developing competen- 
cy in communication, the secondary French licensure program and the 
French minor provide a foundation in the literature and culture of the coun- 
try. Graduates may pursue careers in teaching, in translating and interpreting 
(with additional study), in the tourism and hospitality industry, or in the diplo- 
matic services. French is a valuable asset in international business, in interna- 
tional agencies (such as the International Red Cross), and in the fashion 
industry. 



Course Descriptions 



French minor (18 hrs) 

Eighteen hours of French beyond the level of French 1 1 1 



112 



FREN 111-112. Elementary French - A proficiency-oriented introductory 
course emphasizing oral communicative skills, including the essentials of 
grammar, practical vocabulary, and basic reading and writing skills within a 
cultural context. Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. 
French 1 1 1 offered fall term each year; French 112 offered spring term each 
year. Three semester hours each semester. 

FREN 211-212. Intermediate French - A proficiency-oriented intermediate 
course consisting of a review of elementary skills and an integrated develop- 
ment of more complex listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Cultural 
and literary readings serve as a basis for class discussion and written composi- 
tions. Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. Pre-requisite: 
FREN 1 12 or equivalent. French 21 1 offered fall term each year; French 212 
offered spring term each year. Three semester hours each semester. 

FREN 301-302. Advanced Conversation and Composition - Intensive 
practice in the oral and written language with emphasis on vocabulary, syntax, 
and culture necessary for communication. Classes are conducted in French. 
Prerequisite: French 211-212 or equivalent. French 301 offered fall term and 
French 302 offered spring term every three years (based on student demand). 
Three semester hours each semester. 

FREN 311. Survey of French Literature I - A study of the major works of 
French literature from the Middle Ages through the Eighteenth Century. 
Selections from a variety of authors and genres are read. Readings and discus- 
sions are in French. Prerequisites: French 211 and 212 or equivalent. Offered 
fall term every three years (based on student demand). Three semester hours. 



Secondary French Teacher licensure 

The secondary French teacher licensure program includes the following 

courses: 

FREN 301 and 302 Advanced Conversation and Composition (6 hrs) 
FREN 311 and 312 Survey of French Literature I and II (6 hrs) 
FREN 401 and 402 French Civilization and Culture I and II (6 hrs) 
ENGL 312 Linguistics or a course in Advanced French Grammar (3 

hrs) 
HUMN 490 Reading and Research in Humane Learning (3 hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



FREN 312. Survey of French Literature II - A study of the major works 
in French literature from the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. Selections 
from a variety of authors and genres are read. Readings and discussions are in 
French. Prerequisites: French 211 and 212 or equivalent. Offered spring term 
every three years (based on student demand). Three semester hours. 

FREN 401. French Civilization and Culture I - An overview of French 
civilization and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Topics include 
geography, history, philosophy, art, and music. Readings, class discussion, and 
reports are in French. Prerequisites: French 211-212 or equivalent. Offered 
fall term every three years (based on student demand). Three semester hours. 

FREN 402. French Civilization and Culture II - A cultural study of con- 
temporary French society. Topics include family, religion, education, govern- 
ment, economy, and structure of society. Readings, class discussion, and 
reports are in French. Prerequisites: French 211-212 or equivalent. Offered 
spring term every three years (based on student demand). Three semester 
hours. 



FREN 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
Available on demand. One to three semester hours. 

FREN 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. Available on demand. One to three 
semester hours. 

FREN 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, writing, and concentration in areas beyond regular 
course offerings. Topics vary from semester to semester. Available on 
demand. One to three semester hours per semester. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



90 general science | geography | german 



General Science 

Area of Scientific Learning 

The general science minor supports the folio-sing goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate deady and 
effectively to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major field of studv. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

Students may seek to have a general exposure to the field of science through 
the general science minor. Those students who are seeking education licen- 
sure in a major field will have a strong background in science which may 
qualify them to teach certain science courses. The flexibility which this allows 
a student who is interested in science as a complement to their chosen major 
may encourage more students to pursue their interest in the sciences. 

Anv student majoring in either biology or chemistry must choose the six 
courses required for the general science minor outside the field of biology or 
chemistry to satisfy the min or requirements. 



General science minor (24 hrs) 

with a minimum of one course from each discipline: 

BIOL 111 and 112 Principles of Biology (8 hrs) 

BIOL 360 Ecology (4 hrs) 

CHEM 151 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (4 hrs) 

CHEM 170 and 171 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 

PHYS 104 Earth and Space Science (4 hrs) 

PHYS 203 and 204 General Physics/Calculus (8 hrs) 

Supporting courses for the minor (4-6 hrs): 

MATH 21 1 Calculus I (4 hrs) OR 

MATH 111 College Algebra I and 112 College Algebra H and 

Trigonometry (6 hrs) OR 
MATH 111 CoUege Algebra I and 213 Statistics (6 hrs) 



Geography ] 

Area of Social Learning 

The study of geography provides students with an awareness of the physical, 
economic, and political features of the world, the cultures which are encoun- 
tered in the wodd's regions, as well as the instruments and devices used in the 
field of study. 

GEOG 201. Regional Geography - A regional survey of the wodd followed 
by an in-depth study of North America, Europe, Russia, Japan, and Oceania. 
Topics include aspects of political, economic, physical, and cultural geogra- 
phy Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

GEOG 202. Cultural and Ethnic Geography - An introduction to 
wodd/human geography emphasizing human geographic diversity and unity, 
space economy, functional organization, and human/environmental impacts. 
The content includes the study of population, language, religion, folk and 
popular culture, economic activity", and human impact on natural systems. 
This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in the general edu- 
cation core. Offered each term. Three semester hours. 



German 

Area of Humane Learning 

German is Europe's most widely distributed language. The official language 
of Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland, German is the language 
of Europe's foremost business economy. Students of music, psychology, the- 
ology, and the laboratory sciences find German to be of inestimable value. 
Mastery of German at the intermediate level equips students to read, write, 
converse, and do basic academic research. 

GERM 111-112 will be offered as a concentrated six-hour course in Fall 
2005; GERM 211-212 follows for six hours of credit in Spring 2006. GERM 
489 and 490 are offered by individual arrangement with the professor. 

GERM 111-112. Elementary German - The pronunciation and writing sys- 
tems, dialogs and exercises for oral mastery of basic vocabulary" and structur- 
al patterns, basic conversation, reading and written composition. Five class 
periods and not less than two laboratory periods per week. GERM 111 and 
GERM 112 meet during the Fall term. Six semester hours. 

GERM 211-212. Intermediate German - Continued conversational practice, 
including discussion of timely topics based on readings from modern 
German literature and contemporary- periodicals; writing practice and some 
grammar review. Five class periods and not less than one laboratory period 
per week. GERM 211 and GERM 212 meet during the Spring semester. Six 
semester hours. 

GERM 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings, which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
One to three semester hours. 

GERM 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences, 
which provides for individualized study. One to three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 ■ www.milligan.edu 



greek | health care administration | hebrew 91 



Greek 



Area of Humane Learning 

Greek minor (18 hrs) 

GREE 111-112. Elementary Greek - A study of the elements of Koine 
Greek including drill on simple phrases and sentences and the acquisition of 
vocabulary. Selected readings in New Testament literature are included in the 
second semester. Greek 111 offered fall term each year; Greek 112 offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours each semester. 
Students must pass GREE 111 before enrolling in GREE 112. 

GREE 221-222. Intermediate Greek - The translation and grammatical 
analysis of New Testament passages representing a cross-section of Greek 
styles. The course also includes a study of intermediate grammar and some 
work with textual critical apparatus. Greek 221 offered fall term each year; 
Greek 222 offered spring term each year. Three semester hours each semester. 

Students must pass GREE 112 before enrolling in GREE 221. 
Students must pass GREE 221 before enrolling in GREE 222. 

GREE 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to study material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an individualized 
approach in a field not now covered in a single course. Not open to fresh- 
men. One to three semester hours. 

GREE 331. Advanced Greek Exegesis - The study and practice of exegeti- 
cal methodologies for interpreting the Greek New Testament, with emphasis 
on their uses in teaching and preaching. Introduction to textual criticism is 
included. Offered fall term as needed. Three semester hours. 

GREE 332. Advanced Greek Readings - Selected readings in the 
Septuagint, Philo, Josephus, and the Apostolic Fathers with attention to his- 
torical-theological contributions of these writers and works. Offered spring 
term as needed. Three semester hours. 



Health Care 
Administration 

Area of Business 

The health care administration minor supports the foil 
College: 



ving goals of Milligan 



■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
social sciences, and to understand a significant body of material in their 
major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through stewardship of 
resources and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career or 
profession. 

The health care administration minor allows students majoring in other 
areas to obtain adequate exposure to issues and topics within the health care 
profession. A student majoring in the health care administration track within 
the business administration major may not minor in health care administra- 
tion. 

Business major - B.A. or B.S. (45 hrs) 

Health care administration emphasis 

See "Business Administration" for more information about Milligan's busi- 
ness administration major with emphasis in health care administration. 



Health Care Administration minor 
(18 hrs) 

BADM 380 Introduction to Health Care Administration (3 hrs) 

BADM 480 Long-Term Care Administration (3 hrs) 

BADM 481 Policies and Issues in Health Care (3 hrs) 

PSYC 250 General Psychology (3 hrs) 

SOCL 321 Sociology of Death, Dying, and Bereavement (3 hrs) 

SOCL 470 Health, Illness, and Health Care Systems (3 hrs) 



Hebrew 

Area of Humane Learning 

HEBR 111-112. Elementary Biblical Hebrew - A study of the elements of 
biblical Hebrew, with an emphasis on vocabulary, verbal morphology, and 
basic grammar. Selected readings from the Hebrew Bible are included in the 
second semester. Offered fall and spring terms in periodic years. Three hours 
each semester. 

HEBR 211-212. Intermediate Biblical Hebrew - A study of biblical 
Hebrew emphasizing grammar and syntax, with emphasis on achieving facility 
in reading the Hebrew Bible. Some attention is given to the use of textual 
critical apparatus. Offered fall and spring terms in periodic years. Three hours 
each semester. 



milligan college academic catalog ■ 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



92 history 



History 

Area of Social Learning 



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Graduates ulili a major in MsaHy ate expected (1) to develop an appreciation 
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grades and secondary history) 

GEOG 201 fUgonal Geogophy (3 his) 
GEOG 31'2 Cninmial and EAok Geogri.7 

SOOL 210 IiitHMhiiCiikMa to CrahTotal AaathiopoSogy 1 
KI57 1 ; isi 1. "Jcired State; H_;::r i_- ; I izzi 11 : 'his 
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History minor (18 hrs) 

Six hours from HUMN" 101, 102, 201, 202 f'6 hrs 

Twelve decrrre hours in historv (12 hrs) 

Bible majors max not use HIST 541-342 or 431-432 to fulfill the historv 
minor requirements. 

Course Descriptions 

HIST 206. History of Islam - A study of the political, religious, soda], and 
cultural institutions of the Islamic world from the birth of Muhammad to the 
modem period- This course furHLls the ethnic studies course requirement in 
the general education core Offered periodically. Three semester hours, 

HIST 208. History of the Jews since A.D. 70 - A social, cultural, theologi- 
cal, and political studv of the Jewish people in the last two m illennia The 
course eomines the influence and dctimization of the Jews in Diaspora, giv- 
ing special attention to such issues as the devdopment of sacred tests; the 
rise of Christian- anti-Semitism: ghettoization and Enlightenment of 
European leu i \ ; the devdopment of Hassidic, Reform, Conservative and 
Reconstruction Judaism; philo-Seminsm; political anti-Semitism; Zionism; the 
Holocaust; the establishment and m aintena n ce of the State of Israel; and dis- 
pensarionalism. Part of a three-year cvde in European history, this course will 
be offered in spring term of 2005 and 2008. The course fulfills the ethnic 
studies requirement in the general education core. Three semester hours. 

HIST 209. United States History Survey I - A study of the history of the 
United States from the European encounter to the War Between the States 
The course examines the growth of political Institutions and the social and 
economic fife of the people of the United States. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semestet hours. 

HIST 210. United States History Survey II - A study of the history of the 
United States from the Y\ar Between the States to the 1970s The course 
examines the growth of political institutions and the social and economic life 
of the people of the United States. Offered spring term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

HIST 250. Christ, Hider, and Women: The German Church Struggle 
1933-1945 - A smdv of the Nad persecution of Catholic and Protestant 
Churches, with specid emphasis on the role of women in the Confessing 
Church. Part of a three-year cvde in European historv, this course will be 
feed in the Spring term of 2007 and 2010. Three semester hours. 

HIST 271. History of Christian Missions - A survey of the history and 

rz: —ess of missions since the beginning of C hris tianity. Offered only on 
demand- Three semester hours Same as CMIN 271. 

HIST 275. Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 
Nineteenth Century - An examination of the Stone-Campbell heritage 

rnduding both primary and secondary readings intended to hdp students 
understand the church tradition (the '"^Restoration Movement") that is linked 
: :i e history of MUBgan College Students may not apply this course to a 
n.i : : in Bible or history. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or consent of 
instroctior. Offered spring term each year. One semester hour. 

HIST 290. Independent Study - Individud studv to enable the student 

! - ■ ~ study mq-prial not in the curriculum or to facilitate an indrndualized 
approach in a fidd not now covered in a single course Not open to fresh- 
men One to three semester hours. 

HIST 306. Medieval European Soriefy - A study of the devdopment of 

Western European dviiizanon from the collapse of the Roman Empire 
■ • _r _ :; . ' _r:ee.v.i :er.r_r Tie :: ursceoc mpasses the political, eco- 
nomic, tfiKgious, and intellectud dimensions of medievd European culture 
and sodetv. Prerequisite: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202, or six hours of 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



history 93 



European history, or consent of instructor. Offered periodically. Three- 
semester hours. 

HIST 323. Christian Thought in the Greco-Roman World - A course of 
readings in various representatives of the Christian tradition from the second 
through the fifth century, including Origen, Tertullian, Cyprian, Athanasius, 
Ambrose, and Augustine in their historical contexts. Special attention is given 
to the contributions of these thinkers to the development of the Christian 
tradition. This course may satisfy the Church history core elective for the 
Bible major. Prerequisites: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202, or consent of the 
instructor. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

HIST 324. Roman History through the Pax Romana - A study of Rome's 
progress from its origins through its Republican period and the peak of its 
Empire in the first two centuries of the Christian era (the Pax Romana). 
Prerequisite: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202, or six hours of European history, 
or consent of instructor. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 

HIST 326. Late Roman and Byzantine Empires - A study of Roman his- 
tory from the end of the Pax Romana in the late second century A.D. The 
course examines the centuries of decline and collapse in the Western Empire 
as well as the Byzantine Empire to 1453. Prerequisites: HUMN 101-102 and 
201-202 and HIST 324, or consent of instructor. Offered spring term alter- 
nate years. Three semester hours. 

HIST 331. History of Modern Britain, 1688-Present - A diplomatic and 
cultural study of die British Isles since the Glorious Revolution of 1688 This 
course examines the remarkable British record of increasingly democratic 
constitutional reform that avoided the violence that shook the rest of Europe 
in the last three centuries. The study focuses special attention on the political, 
philosophical, and religious movements that have produced modern Britain. 
Prerequisites: HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202 or consent of the instructor. Part of 
a three-year cycle in European history, this course will be offered in Fall 2004, 
2007, 2010. Three semester hours. 

HIST 332. History of Modern France, 1789-Present - A diplomatic and 
cultural study of France since the Revolution of 1789. This course examines 
France's mercurial role as a Western power, and its vacillation between repub- 
licanism and autocracy through five republics and two empires. The course 
focuses special attention on the role of religion in the cultural and political 
life of the country. Prerequisite: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202 or consent of 
the instructor. Part of a three-year cycle in European history, this course will 
be offered in fall of 2003, 2006, 2009. Three semester hours. 

HIST 333. History of Modern Germany, 1815-Present - A diplomatic and 
cultural study of Germany since the Congress of Vienna, this course exam- 
ines Germany's rise from fragmentation within the Holy Roman Empire to its 
present role as an economic and cultural European giant. The study focuses 
special attention on the philosophical and religious movements that have 
shaped Germany's national character. Prerequisites: HUMN 101-102 and 201- 
202 or consent of the instructor. Part of a three-year cycle in European histo- 
ry, this course will be offered in spring of 2005, 2008, 2011. Three semester 
hours. 

HIST 334. Issues in 20th Century Europe - A study of political, social, 
religious, and philosophical issues in Europe during the twentieth century 
This course examines the continent's major political philosophies: Marxism, 
fascism, and democracy. It investigates the "isms" of the past century, among 
them nationalism, anti-Semitism, Zionism, and imperialism with their related 
issues of church/state relations, emigration, xenophobia, union, and an 
alleged "post-Christian" age. Class discussion ties current events to their his- 
torical antecedents. Prerequisites: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202 or instructor's 
permission. Part of a three-year cycle in. European history, this course will be 
offered in fall of 2005, 2008 and 201 1. Three semester hours. 



HIST 341-342. Church History - A study of the history of the church from 
its beginning to the present. The course examines the rise of theological pat- 
terns, denominational developments, and the church's response to prevailing 
culture. Prerequisites: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202 or six hours of history 
and consent of instructor. HIST 341 offered fall term and HIST 342 offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours each semester. 

HIST 343. History of Biblical Interpretation - A survey of the histur of 
hermeneutics and exegesis in the Christian tradition from the ancient through 
the modern periods. The course examines the various principles and methods 
adopted by theologians in their attempts to explain the meaning of the bibli- 
cal text. The course emphasizes a program of readings in commentaries and 
homiletic literature representing different periods in the history of 
Christianity. This course may satisfy the Church history core elective for the 
Bible major. Prerequisites: HUMN 101-102 and 201-202 or consent of the 
instructor. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

HIST 352. Reformations of the Sixteenth Century - A study of the reli- 
gious and theological reform movements in sixteenth-century Europe. The 
course focuses on the various theologies of the period, exploring the meaning 
of the term "reformation" as it applies to the various religious movements: 
Lutheran, Reformed, Radical, and Catholic. This course may satisfy the 
Church history core elective for the Bible major. Prerequisite: HUMN 101- 
102 and 201-202, or six hours of European history, or consent of instructor. 
Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

HIST 376. Jefferson to Jackson - A study of the period between the lives 
of Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson with attention given to the ideas 
and events which resulted in the emergence of the nation and the develop- 
ment of the frontier. Prerequisites: HIST 209 and 210 or consent of instruc- 
tor. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

HIST 377. The Middle Period: 1840-1880 - A survey of the core years of 
the Nineteenth Century in the United States. At the center of the course of 
study are the American Civil War, its causes, character, and consequences. 
Prerequisites: HIST 209 and 210 or consent of instructor. Offered spring 
term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

HIST 379. The Gilded Age: 1877-1920 - An examination of the nation in 
the midst of its industrial development and rapid population growth with spe- 
cific reference to the impact of that industrialization on U.S. culture and poli- 
tics. Prerequisites: HIST 209 and 210 or consent of instructor. Offered fall 
term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

HIST 380. The United States in the Twentieth Century - An exploration 
of U. S. culture and society from World War I to the present. Prerequisites: 
HIST 209 and 210 or consent of instructor. Offered spring term alternate 
years. Three semester hours. 

HIST 401. History and Historians - A study of the discipline of history 
and the role played by historians in recording, writing, and interpreting histo- 
ry. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing, twelve hours of history, and con- 
sent of instructor. Offered fall term each year. One semester hour. 

HIST 431-432. Reformation of the Nineteenth Century - A study of the 
religious movement to restore New Testament Christianity as a basis for 
Christian union. HIST 432 may satisfy the Church history core elective for 
the Bible major. Prerequisites: HUMN 101, 102, and 201 or consent of 
instructor. HIST 431 offered fall term each year; HIST 432 offered spring 
term each year. Three semester hours each semester. 

HIST 450. The Holocaust - A study of the destruction of Europe's Jews by 
the Nazis. This study covers the general topic of anti-Semitism, anti-Jewish 
legislation, the implementation of the Final Solution, and the Jewish response. 
Offered spring term every three years. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



94 human performance & exercise science 



HIST 480. Seminar on Vietnam - A survey of the Vietnam era in 
American history. This course examines precursors in the U.S. and Southeast 
Asia, the Vietnam war era, and the war's legacies to the nation and its people. 
Both historical and psychological issues are examined. This course fulfills the 
ethnic studies course requirement in the general education core. Offered 
spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

HIST 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings, which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
One to three semester hours. 

HIST 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences, 
which provides for individualized study. One to three semester hours. 

HIST 494. Senior Thesis Seminar - Required of all history majors in their 
junior or senior year, the senior thesis seminar provides an opportunity for 
students to produce a senior thesis reflecting original research. Working in 
cooperation with fellow history majors and under the joint supervision of the 
history faculty, students will learn how to choose an appropriate research 
topic, make use of bibliographic tools, develop an argument, and organize 
and write a research paper. Students will work on their own projects and 
serve as peer critics for other projects. Offered spring term. One semester 
hour. 

HIST 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered van" from semester to semester. One to three 
semester hours. 



Human Performance 
and Exercise Science 

Area of Education 

The human performance and exercise science program supports the follow- 
ing goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

■ Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical and theatrical groups, student 
clubs, student government, and other campus-sponsored extracurricular 
endeavors, in preparation for life-long participation in similar activities. 

Human performance and exercise science provides a holistic, scholarly 
approach to the study of human movement. Structural and functional aspects 
of movement efficiency, responses of the body to sport and exercise, and 
issues of health-related fitness and wellness are studied. A series of core 
courses prepares students for careers in physical education, fitness and well- 
ness, or exercise science. 

Students may choose from three emphases based on their career goals or 
plans for graduate study. The skills and knowledge gained through the human 
performance and exercise science program allow students to pursue jobs in 
school, community, or industrial settings and provide a springboard into vari- 
ous graduate programs, including physical therapy, occupational therapy and 
athletic training. 

Teacher licensure in physical education (K-12) is optional. Additional courses 
required for licensure include EDUC 150, 152, 455, and 460 and PSYC 253. 
Approval to student teach is granted to students who have been fully admit- 
ted to the professional level of the teacher education program and who main- 
tain eligilibity at that level. In addition to meeting established minimum grade 
point averages and Tennessee-approved PPST scores, approval to student 
teach requires: 

1. Maintaining a minim um overall 2.75 grade-point average 

2. Earning a minimum grade of C- in all required teacher 
education courses in the program of study 

3. Obtaining liability insurance 

4. Verification of CPR and/ or first aid proficiency 

5. Documentation of emerging teaching competencies in a 
portfolio 

6. Positive review by the Admission and Retention Committee. 

For additional information about admission into the teacher licensure pro- 
gram, see the Education Licensure Programs section of the catalog. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edi 



human performance & exercise science 95 



Human Performance and Exercise 
Science major - B.A. or B.S. (38-39 
hrs) 

Core courses (15 hrs) 

HPXS 271 Foundations of Wellness (3 hrs) 
HPXS 308 Measurement and Evaluation (3 hrs) 
HPXS 310 First Aid and CPR (1 hr) 
HPXS 341 Exercise Physiology (4 hrs)* 
HPXS 352 Kinesiology and Biomechanics (4 hrs) 
*Prerequisite BIOL 251 Anatomy and Physiology 

Emphases 

Exercise Science (23 hrs) 

BIOL 250 Anatomy and Physiology (4 hrs) 

CHEM (4 hrs) 

HPXS 333 Nutrition (3 hrs) 

HPXS 401 Research and Computer Applications (3 hrs) 

HPXS 436 Exercise in Health and Disease (3 hrs) 

HPXS 491 Field Work (6 hrs) 

Fitness and Wellness (24 hrs) 

BADM 361 Principles of Management (3 hrs) 

BIOL 250 Anatomy and Physiology (4 hrs) 

HPXS 207 Principles of Strength Training (2 hrs) 

HPXS 401 Research and Computer Applications (3 hrs) 

HPXS 409 Recreational Leadership and Outdoor Education (3 hrs) 

HPXS 436 Exercise in Health and Disease (3 hrs) 

HPXS 491 Field Work (6 hrs) 

Physical Education (24 hrs) 

HPXS 151 Fall Season Team Sports (1 hr) 

HPXS 152 Spring Season Team Sports (1 hr) 

HPXS 204 Swimming or 205 Lifeguarding (1 hr) 

HPXS 207 Principles of Strength Training (2 hrs) 

HPXS 208 Folk Dance and Rhythmical Activities (1 hr) 

HPXS 301 Teaching Individual and Dual Sports (2 hrs) 

HPXS 312 Introduction, History, and Philosophy of Physical Education 

(3 hrs) 
HPXS 350 Elementary Physical Education Methods (4 hrs)* 
HPXS 370 Secondary Physical Education Methods (3 hrs)* 
HPXS 404 Organization and Management of Physical Education and 

Sports (3 hrs) 
HPXS 406 Adapted Physical Education (3 hrs) 

*HPXS 491 Field Work for 3 hrs may be substituted for either 350 or 
370 for a student not interested in a teaching setting. 



Course Descriptions 

HPXS 101. Fitness for Life A studv <>f the fundamentals, principles, and 
techniques for development of a lifestyle of wellness and fitness, following a 
holistic approach. The development and implementation of a personalized 
fitness program are included. Offered everv term. One semester hour. 

HPXS 151. Fall Season Team Sports - Active participation in skills, lead 
ups, and sports such as volleyball, field hockey, soccer, and football. Offered 
fall term ever)' year. One semester hour. 

HPXS 152. Spring Season Team Sports - Active participation in skills, lead 
ups, and sports such as basketball, team handball, Softball, and ultimate 
Frisbee. Offered spring term every year. One semester hour. 

HPXS 153. Golf and Pickleball - An introduction to basic strokes and skills 
necessary for active participation in golf and pickleball, including game com- 
petition and the application of official rules. Offered spring term each year. 
One semester hour. 

HPXS 155. Beginning Badminton and Tennis - An introduction to basic 
strokes, skills, and game competition for beginning students in each of these 
lifetime sports. Offered fall term each year. One semester hour. 

HPXS 156. Intermediate Badminton and Tennis - A course focusing on 
the skills and techniques of play for those beyond the level of beginners. 
Offered spring term each year. One semester hour. 

HPXS 158. Snow Skiing - Instruction at a nearby ski resort. The class is 
divided according to level of skill, beginner to advanced. Special fee. 
Transportation not provided. Offered spring term each year. One semester 
hour. 

HPXS 159. Horseback Riding - Instruction at nearby stables on gaited 
horses and English tack for beginners as well as intermediate and advanced 
riders. Special fee. Transportation not provided. Offered every term. One 
semester hour. 

HPXS 199. Special Activity - Activities not offered as material in regular 
course offerings, but as student interest indicates. Faculty tutorial required. 
One semester hour. 

HPXS 204. Swimming - A course designed for students with differing levels 
of swimming skills. American Red Cross certification is available through 
Level VII. A student majoring in human performance and exercise science 
may take a proficiency exam to receive credit for this course. Offered spring 
term each year. One semester hour. 

HPXS 205. Lifeguarding - A course designed for students who are strong 
swimmers and proficient in basic swimming strokes. American Red Cross cer- 
tification is available (Human Performance and Exercise Science 310b must 
be taken concurrently for lifeguard certification). Special fee. Offered even fall 
semesters and even spring semesters each year. One semester hour. 

HPXS 207. Principles of Strength Training - A study of strength training 
principles focusing on practical application. Students will learn to design indi- 
vidual programs in the context of athletics, general fitness, and recreation. 
Training adaptations and other physiological concepts will be discussed. 
Offered spring term even years. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 208. Folk Dance and Rhythmical Activities - A study of rhythmi- 
cal exercises, elementary steps, and folk dances of various countries. 
Appalachian mountain dances are included. Offered spring term each year. 
One semester hour. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



96 human performance & exercise science 



HPXS 270. The Science of Athletic Performance - A course designed 
especially for those considering coaching, provi ding an overview of nutrition- 
al, physiological, and biomechanical considerations. Topics are presented in 
the context of their impact on training and conditioning and athletic per- 
formance. Offered spring term even years. Three semester hours. 

HPXS 271. Foundations of Wellness - A study of mental, physical, and 
spiritual dimensions of wellness with an emphasis on exercise and nutrition. 
Includes nutritional analysis and exercise prescription. Offered spring term 
each year. Three semester hours 

HPXS 301. Teaching Individual and Dual Sports - A study of the knowl- 
edge and skills necessary to play various sports, with an emphasis on teaching 
techniques and the appreciation of lifetime sports. Offered fall term each 
year. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 302a. Coaching and Officiating Track and Field - A study of 
coaching techniques, conditioning, skills, and strategies to prepare the student 
for coaching and officiating track and field. Knowledge of the rules and regu- 
lations is included. Offered spring term odd years. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 302b. Coaching and Officiating Basketball - A study of coaching 
techniques, conditioning, skills, and strategies to prepare the student for 
coaching and officiating basketball. Knowledge of the rules and regulations is 
included. Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 302c. Coaching and Officiating Football - A study of coaching 
techniques, conditioning, skills, and strategies to prepare the student for 
coaching and officiating football. Knowledge of the rules and regulations is 
included. Offered spring term each year. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 302d. Coaching and Officiating Softball and Baseball - A study 
of coaching techniques, conditioning, skills, and strategies to prepare the stu- 
dent for coaching and officiating Softball and baseball. Knowledge of the 
rules and regulations is included. Offered fall term each year. Two semester 
hours. 

HPXS 302e. Coaching and Officiating Volleyball - A study of coaching 
techniques, conditioning, skills, and strategies to prepare the student for 
coaching and officiating volleyball. Knowledge of the rules and regulations is 
included. Offered fall term odd years. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 302f. Coaching and Officiating Soccer - A study of coaching tech- 
niques, conditioning, skills, and strategies to prepare the student for coaching 
and officiating soccer. Knowledge of the rules and regulations is included. 
Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 308. Measurement and Evaluation - A focus on the development 
of the knowledge, skills, and procedures necessary for testing and evaluating 
different populations in school, laboratory, or field settings. It is recommend- 
ed that a student complete Mathematics 213 prior to enrollment in this 
course. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

HPXS 309. Sports Injuries - A course designed to familiarize the student 
with recognition and management of injuries related to sports participation. 
Also covered are aspects of sports medicine, conditioning, strength training, 
nutrition, and protective equipment. Offered spring term each year. Three 
semester hours. 



HPXS 310b. CPR for the Professional Rescuer - A study of infant, child, 
and two-person adult CPR. This certification is a prerequisite to obtaining 
Red Cross Certification in lifeguarding (Human Performance and Exercise 
Science 205) and should be taken concurrently. This course does not fulfill 
the Human Performance and Exercise Science activity general education 
requirement Offered fall term even years and spring term even years. One 
semester hour. 

HPXS 312. Introduction, History, and Philosophy of Physical 
Education - An introduction to the profession. Consideration is given to the 
pioneers in the field of physical education, to its historical development, and 
to the principles and philosophy that led to the modern program. Offered fall 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

HPXS 322. Psychology and Philosophy of Coaching - A srudv of philos- 
ophy and psychology as they apply to sport and coaching. Emphasis is placed 
on developing a personal philosophy of coaching which giyes direction in 
using psychological principles in sport Offered fall term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

HPXS 333. Nutrition - A more advanced study of basic nutrition concepts, 
building on content covered in HPXS 101 Fitness for Life and HPXS 271 
Foundations of Wellness. Nutrients and their requirements, sources, diges- 
tions, and roles in body function are covered with emphasis on their relation 
to exercise and athletics. Offered spring term odd years. Three semester 
hours. 

HPXS 341. Exercise Physiology - A study of the physiological and bio- 
chemical responses of the human body to exercise. The basic concepts of 
physiology are applied to sports performance, personal wellness, and aging. 
Prerequisite: BIOL 250. Offered fall term each year. Four semester hours. 

FTPXS 350. Elementary Physical Education Methods - A practical study 
of methods, materials, techniques, and skills in teaching physical education to 
elementary students (grades K-6). Age-appropriate motor development; 
motor learning, assessment; teaching of movement concepts and basic motor 
skills, sport and team activities, classroom management, group activities, well- 
ness; and lesson plan preparation and presentation are several components of 
this course. Field experience and portfolio preparation included. Enrollment 
limited to students a dmi tted to the professional level of the teacher education 
program or permission of the instructor. Offered fall term each year. Four 
semester hours. 

FTPXS 352. Kinesiology and Biomechanics - An introduction to the study 
of the internal and external forces which act on the human body and the 
effects these forces produce, with special emphasis on the musculo-skeletal 
system, its development, and its involvement d uring movement. Offered 
spring term each year. Four semester hours. 

FTPXS 370. Secondary Physical Education Methods - A practical study of 
methods, materials, techniques, and skills in teaching physical education to 
secondary students (grades 7-12). Age appropriate development; assessment; 
teaching of lifetime fitness/wellness and lifetime leisure sports and activities; 
classroom management; and lesson plan preparation and presentation are 
several components of this course. Field experience and portfolio preparation 
are included. Enrollment limited to students admitted to the professional 
level of the teacher education program or permission of the instructor. 
Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 



HPXS 310a. First Aid and CPR - A course focusing on training in basic 
first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The American Red Cross certifi- 
cations are earned. This course does not fulfill the Human Performance and 
Exercise Science activity general education requirement Offered even - term. 
One semester hour. 



FTPXS 380. Sports Promotion, Finance, and Marketing - A course 
designed to provide students with a practical application of strategies and 
techniques used in sports promotion, marketing, public relations, finance, and 
fund raising in both the sports and recreation industries. Practicum included. 
Offered spring term even years. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



human performance & exercise science 97 



HPXS 381. Sports Facilities and Management - A study of current issues 
and trends in sports management, facility design and maintenance, and event 
management. Practicum included. Offered spring term odd years. Three 
semester hours. 

HPXS 401. Research and Computer Applications - An investigation of 
research techniques and methods used in various types of research and an 
introduction to science-based databases, culminating in the presentation of a 
research proposal. Prerequisite: HPXS 308 or permission of instructor. 
Offered spring term odd years. Three semester hours. 

HPXS 404. Organization and Management of Physical Education and 
Sports - A study of school problems, including curriculum development; pro- 
gram organization and supervision; and school, amateur, and professional 
sports. Offered spring term every year. Three semester hours. 

HPXS 406. Adapted Physical Education - A study of normal and abnor- 
mal growth and development of persons with disabilities. Teaching tech- 
niques, programs, and services for each disability are presented. Practical 
experience is expected as part of the course. Offered fall term even years. 
Three semester hours. 

HPXS 409. Recreational Leadership and Outdoor Education - A study 
of the administration and leadership of recreational activities and outdoor 
educational pursuits. The course includes experience in such activities as 
camping, hiking, mountain climbing, and orienteering with limited practical 
application. Each student designs a weekend outdoor activity/retreat. Offered 
fall term most years. Three semester hours. 

HPXS 436. Exercise in Health and Disease - A study of the relationship 
of exercise to the components of wellness and healthy lifestyles, including an 
in-depth look at the interrelationship of exercise with coronary heart disease, 
obesity, and nutrition. Exercise prescription for the healthy and diseased is 
explored. Prerequisite: HPXS 341. Offered fall term each year. Three semes- 
ter hours. 

HPXS 440. Health and Physical Education Methods - Reading, discus- 
sion, and application of fitness and health concerns of children, Kindergarten 
through Grade Eight. The course includes instruction and practice related to 
physical activity and rhythmical activities. Emphasis is on integration of health 
and phvsical education topics and activities into the school curriculum, grades 
K-8. Enrollment is limited to students admitted to the professional level of 
the teacher education program. Not for Human Performance and Exercise 
Science majors. Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours. 

HPXS 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
Faculty tutorial required. One to three semester hours. 

HPXS 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. Faculty tutorial required. One to 
three semester hours. 

HPXS 491. Field Work - A practicum experience that involves the student in 
a position of supervising/ teaching/leading individuals in a school, communi- 
ty, wellness center, or hospital setting. Offered every term. One to six semes- 
ter hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



98 humanities 



Humanities 

Area of Humane Learning 

The humanities major supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts.... 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through . . . appreciation 
for the arts . . . and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding 
career or profession. 

The purpose of the major in humanities is to allow students to pursue an 
interdisciplinary course of study. Although the major is not structured as a 
prevocational course, it does provide a broad undergraduate education from 
which a student can move into teaching or into several graduate programs 
including law. It focuses upon the great ideas that have shaped history and 
created contemporary civilizations. 

Graduates with a major in humanities will demonstrate the ability to (1) plan, 
create, and carry out an interdiscip linar y major in the humanities designed to 
meet individual interests and ccreer goals; (2) design and carry out an exten- 
sive interdisciplinary research or creative project under the guidance of a fac- 
ulty committee recruited by the student; (3) make connections between aca- 
demic disciplines and between those disciplines and their Christian faith. 



Humanities major - B.A. (24 hrs) 

Requirements for the humanities major are 24 hours of junior and senior 
level course work, including at least three hours of Humanities 490, and 
approved courses from among the disciplines of history, literature, philoso- 
phy, fine arts, foreign language, and Bible. A few selected 200 level courses 
have also been approved for inclusion in this major; the humanities advisers 
have a listing of the specific courses. The humanities major is available only 
as a Bachelor of Arts degree; therefore, foreign language through the inter- 
mediate level is required. 

The humanities major offers specialization in one or more of the following 
fields: literature, history, fine arts, foreign language (Spanish or French 
only), and Bible. With advisement, this major may satisfy the better part of 
the "two concentrations" required for middle grades licensure. 

Each student who selects a major in humanities works with an adviser, usual- 
ly the Director of Humanities, to design a program to meet the needs and 
desires of the individual student. The student working with an advisory com- 
mittee plans the HUMN 490 course. 

Students with a humanities major are encouraged to fulfill requirements for a 
minor from the disciplines of Bible, English, fine arts, foreign language, history, phi- 
losophy, or educational studies. However, students who choose a minor in other 
fields (or who choose not to do a minor) may still select a major in humani- 
ties. There is no humanities minor. 



Middle Grades Humanities 
teacher licensure programs 

HUMN 101, 102, 201, and 202 (24 hrs) 

HUMN 490 Reading and Research in Humane Learning (3 hrs) 

HIST 209 and 210 United States History Survey I and II (6 hrs) 

15 hours of 300 and 400 level course work from among the disciplines 

of literature, history, fine arts, foreign language (Spanish or French 

only), and Bible (15 hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



Course Descriptions 

HUMN 091. College Reading and Study Skills - An integrated approach 
to college-level reading and study strategies, including concentration, compre- 
hension, note-taking, test-taking, and time management, designed to accom- 
pany Humanities 101 and 102. Not applicable toward the 128 hours required 
for a degree. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

HUMN 093. Fundamental College Writing - A course providing extra 
instruction for students who demonstrate writing skills below the college 
level. The course includes work in basic sentence structure, paragraph struc- 
ture, and grammar. Students also practice organizing and developing essays. 
Not applicable toward the 128 hours required for a degree. Offered fall term 
each year. Two semester hours. 

HUMN 101. Humanities - An interdisciplinary course involving extensive 
reading in history, literature, philosophy, and fine arts, as well as concentrated 
work in composition. Special attention is given to instruction in writing and 
to the history- of civilization from prehistory to the fourteenth century. 
Humanities 101 W — Critical Thinking and Writing in the Humanities. 
Humanities 101S — Discussion of the Humanities. Enrollment in 101W" and 
101S must be concurrent unless repeating the course (or in cases where the 
student already has appropriate credit through transfer, AP, etc). Students 
must earn a C- or better in HUMN 101W (beginning fall semester 2003) in 
order to advance to HUMN 202W and to meet the writing requirements for 
graduation. At the writing professor's discretion, students with more severe 
writing difficulties may be required also to complete successfully (Le., pass 
with a C- or better) HUMN 093 when repeating HUMN 101W! HUMN 101S 
offered fall term each year. HUMN 101W" offered fall term each year. Six 
semester hours (101W for three semester hours; 101S for three semester 
hours). 

HUMN 102. Humanities - An interdisciplinary course involving extensive 
reading in history, literature, philosophy, and fine arts. Special attention is 
given to world literature and to philosophy from the fourteenth to the eigh- 
teenth centuries. Offered spring term each year. Six semester hours. 

HUMN 200. Humanities European Study Tour - A study tour of ten 
European countries. Visits are made to sites of both historical and cultural 
significance. In addition to the travel, students complete writing assignments 
and fulfill all the academic obligations outlined by the tour professor. 
Humanities 200 may be taken in lieu of HUMN 202S (three hours). 
Prerequisites: HUMN 101 and HUMN 102. Offered every summer. Three 
semester hours. 

HUMN 201. Humanities - A continuation of the program of HUMN 101- 
102 from the eighteenth century through the nineteenth century in which 
special attention is given to the fine arts and the history of civilization. 
Offered fall term each year. Six semester hours. 

HUMN 202. Humanities - A continuation of the program of HUMN 101, 
102, and 201 with special attention to argumentative writing and world litera- 
ture since 1900. HUMN 202W — Argumentative Writing in the Humanities. 
(Prerequisite for HUMN 202W": C- or better in HUMN 101W). HUMN 
202S — Discussion of the Humanities. Enrollment in 202W and 202S must be 
concurrent unless repeating the course or taking HL*MN 200 in place of 
202S (or in cases where the student already has appropriate credit through 
transfer). Offered spring term each year. Six semester hours (202W for three 
semester hours; 202S for three semester hours). 

Note: HUMN 101 is a required course of study fall semester for all fresh- 
men working toward a BA., B.S., or B.S.N, degree. Except for those experi- 
encing serious academic difficulties, students should continue in HL7MN 102. 
201, and 202 in subsequent semesters. Once a student enrolls in the daytime 
program at Milligan College, still needing humanities courses as part of the 
core, those courses must be taken at Millig an College. 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



language arts 99 



HUMN 285. Japanese Literature (in translation) - A study of the charac- 
ter and culture of die Japanese people by analyzing their society and history 
through readings of twentieth-century |apanese fiction. (Readings are In 
Japanese authors in English translation.) This course fulfills the ethnic studies 
course requirement in the general education core. Offered spring term alter- 
nate vears. Three semester hours. 

HUMN 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to study material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an individualized 
approach in a field not now covered in a single course. Not open to fresh- 
men. One to three semester hours. 

HUMN 380. Jesus in the Arts - An exploration of the creative images of 
|csus throughout the centuries, drawing examples from the literary, dramatic, 
visual, musical, kinetic, and cinematic arts, seeking a deeper appreciation for 
the arts in the life of the church and for the impact of the image of |esus in 
people's lives. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

HUMN 490. Reading and Research in Humane Learning - An individu- 
alized course of study to be determined by the student and an advisory com- 
mittee. At least three hours of Humanities 490 are required for even,' humani- 
ties major. Students writing an undergraduate thesis in humanities may be 
allowed up to twelve semester hours of Humanities 490. One to six semester 
hours per semester. 

HUMN 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three 
semester hours. 



Language Arts 

Area of Humane Learning 

The language arts major supports the following goal of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts . . . and to 
understand a significant body of material in their major fields of study. 

Graduates who earn a language arts major go on to teach in public and pri- 
vate schools, to study library science/information technology, and to work in 
marketing, customer assistance, and other aspects of the business world. 

The course of study in language arts is designed to enable students (1) to read 
literary texts with appreciation and understanding; (2) to write clearly and 
effectively; and (3) to acquire a broad knowledge base in literature, language, 
and theatre arts which will enable them to pursue a career in middle grades 
education or other related fields. 

There is no language arts minor. 



Language Arts major - B.A. (33 hrs) 

Six hours of literature from HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202 (6 hrs) 
Six hours of foreign language (French or Spanish only for those pursu- 
ing middle grades licensure) at the intermediate level or higher (6 

hrs) 
ENGL 304 or 305 Survey of American Literature (3 hrs) 
ENGL 311 Advanced Grammar (3 hrs) 
ENGL 402 Short Story or 363 Appalachian Literature or 365 Literature 

by Women (3 hrs) 
ENGL 460 Elizabethan Drama or 461 Jacobean Drama (3 hrs) 
ENGL, THEA or foreign language electives at the 300 or 400 level 

(Those seeking middle grades licensure should select ENGL 354 as 

one of the electives.) (9 hrs) 
The language arts major is available only as a Bachelor of Arts degree; 

therefore, foreign language through the intermediate level is 

required. 



Language Arts major 
(Middle Grades licensure) 

Six hours of literature from HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202 (6 hrs) 

Six hours of foreign language (FREN or SPAN only) intermediate level 

or higher (6 hrs) 
ENGL 304 Survey of American Literature (3 hrs) 
ENGL 311 Advanced Grammar (3 hrs) 
ENGL 354 Children's Literature (3 hrs) 
ENGL 402 Short Story or 363 Appalachian Litearture or 365 Literature 

by Women (3 hrs) 
ENGL 460 Elizabedian Drama or 461 Jacobean Drama (3 hrs) 
ENGL, THEA, or foreign language electives at the 300 or 400 level (6 

hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



100 legal studies 



Legal Studies 

Area of Business 

Tlhe kgal sttadies minor siapports tiie following goals of i Milfig ain College: 

■ StDQCIlIS 'WlS demonstrate SOUDQ SCOOlatSElip tnt rvnoh ffitfW gpimy to 

lead and trihimlr analvticaMY and criQcaSv; to conmaumcaie deasiv and 
eif ecnveh; to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
arvj she sooal sciences, a™3 to ondersT^ i a significant bodv of T r ra fTeriai 

■ Students \ri31 gain it. emiched quality oi life dnoiagh stewaidsnip of 
resources an^ preririz : a ::r gradnatr studies and a lewarding caretr ; r 



Business Administration major - B.A. 
or B.S. (39 hrs) 

Legal studies emphasis 

::et "Emsmess - ;~:- : --" Tr;, r rrr.rr mmrmm::::: ibmm the business 

admmistianoo major with legal studies emphasis. 



LS 330. Family Law - An examination of the relationship between the 
American iamilv, the law, and the church. Topics include the legal definitions 
: mmriage and iamilv; the rights and obligations within the family; the role 
of church and government in marriage and family life; the dissolution of 
mamage and related issues such as the distribution of marital assets, alimony, 
child custody, -visitation, and support; the issues of paternity, adoption and 
surrogacy will also be explored. Offered fall term alienate years. 

LS 340. Juvenile Justice - An exploration of all phases of the contemporary 

juvenile instice system and an examination of the nature of delinquency clas- 
sifications of juvenile offenders, alternative explanations for juvenile miscon- 
i-::. mvenile courts and juvenile rights, treatment, and corrections. Major 
court rulings that have shaped contemporary juvenile justice are presented as 
well Students also have the opportunity to observe parts of the juvenile jus- 
rice system first-hand by attending a juvenile court session and visiting a cor- 
rectional facility for adjudicated delinquents. Offered spring term alternate 
years. Three semester hours. 

LS 355. Criminal Law and Procedure - A broad introduction to the 
American rriminal justice system. Topics include how crimes are legally 
defined. legal defenses, and Constitutional limitations. The three major com- 
ponente of the criminal justice svstem are examined: law enforcement, the 
judicial system, and corrections. In particular, the focus is on each compo- 
nent's relationship to substantive and procedural law. Offered spring term 
alternate years. Three semester hours. 



Legal Studies minor (18 hrs) 






yrnnng a 

p qinVnrc wittfTrSTrri m anpniW Krcr srfaonl a-nr. it r msmrm a cat 

Lm 3 1 Philosophy of Layr 3 hrs 
L5 -1 ] Law and Christianity (3 his) 
? TLi I'.l Am ermm Xmmrml Gc~ t^"' ^: _- r.rs 
Nme h: ms :: ;.;:—;; m:sm :":: m m ; :":_: mm I_i 1- - ''- - m - 
340. 355, - 1. and495;BADM 321 and 322; and POLS 203 : 304, 

m 



LS 420. Law and Christianity - A studv of the relationship that exists 
between Christianity and the law. Smdents examine the issues of how human 
laws relate to God's laws, the foundational principles of a biblical jurispru- 
dence, the nature of responsibility and punishment, mercy and judgement. 
Attention is paid to whether b— can truly be considered a calling and the 
unique responsibility Christian legal professional have in society. Prerequisite: 
LS 110 or per m ission of instructor. Offered spring term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

LS 491. Internship - A supervised field work in various law offices and legal 
agencies, designed to give the student broad exposure and initial practical 
competencies. Three to six semester hours. 



Course descriptions 

LS 210. Legal Research and Writing - An introduction to basic legal 
resemm mi —-mm. .■_-_: : : — birm::: ~ i readings, workshops, practice 
lismmmerms. mi z : — rreher-sm ; rr zzz Students ••-._ mm--- statures, mses. 
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- ::::::::':_:l. Three semester hcurs. 



LS 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, inde- 
pendent research and writing in areas not included in the regular course offer- 
ings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three semes- 
ter hours. 



LS 310. Philosophy of Law - A detailed study of judicial decisionmaking 

zz.z _ts ztz.z : -smr : : ": :.r.: rm : : msmims at omierem levels of the ]e£ral 

smmr_m mm -mm _s stages : f mmerm am :t-s Y-m_ use-li " aaa:mam am 
aeaammm- :: .eml reasamrm mm sm ms m .ma. mmmma. m rm ~mm :im "mm 
in which judicial decisions are able id respond to the demands of social 
change, are investigated. Consideration is given to techniques of readm, . . 
:mm ■";■:;:; : :" _-.::-::s;:i mpi teas mm. a.m. n-makmg. zz.z per- 
suasion. Offered &I1 term ■_--- -tmmmr a: ms. 

LS 320. Constitutional Law - A stirrer of the i^elopment of the 

America. Z : ostium : □ wim emphasis on the role of the judicial branch of 

me czTermr.rr.: is irrire: - r_r.£: fr.e resteer i narionai and 

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ty and propenry, and in securing cwfl rights. Selected Supreme Court cases will 
_ti mmim- : Trzztt semester he m? 



mM ga n college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



mathematics 101 



Mathematics 

Area of Scientific Learning 

The mathematics major supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

The major is designed for students interested in careers in mathematics, 
teaching, and industry. It will prepare students for employment in government 
or industry, teaching in high schools or middle schools, or for graduate study 
in mathematics. 

Graduates with a major in mathematics are expected to (1) demonstrate profi- 
ciency in the core areas of knowledge in mathematics which includes calculus 
(analysis), algebra, and logic; (2) demonstrate analytical thinking and problem 
solving skills relevant to the analysis of abstract mathematical ideas and the 
solving of applied mathematical problems; (3) demonstrate oral and written 
communication skills necessary to convey abstract mathematical ideas clearly 
to their peers and others who require such information; (4) acquire the 
knowledge and skills necessary for a variety of careers which use mathematics 
as well as receive preparation sufficient for further study in mathematics. 



Mathematics major - B.A. (30 hrs) 

MATH 211 and 212 Calculus I and II (8 hrs) 
MATH 301 An Introduction to Mathematical Logic (3 hrs) 
MATH 303 Multivariable Calculus (4 hrs) 
MATH 307 Linear Algebra (3 hrs) 
MATH 495 Seminar (3 hrs) 

Nine additional hours of math courses at the 200 level or above 
As a Bachelor of Arts degree, foreign language through the intermediate 
level is required. 

Within one semester of completing the core courses (MATH 211, 212, 301, 
303, and 307), students must take and pass a core exam. The core exam will 
cover materia] from each of the five core courses. Credit may not be received 
for both MATH 213 and 314. 



Mathematics major - B.S. (36 hrs) 

MATH 21 land 212 Calculus I and II (8 hrs) 

MATH 301 An Introduction to Mathematical Logic (3 hrs) 

MATH 303 Multivariable Calculus (4 hrs) 

MATH 307 Linear Algebra (3 hrs) 

MATH 495 Seminar (3 hrs) 

Fifteen additional hours of math courses at the 200 level or above 

Those pursuing teacher licensure must choose MATH 213 or 314; 214; and 
304 as 9 of the 15 elective hours. For additional information about the 
teacher licensure program, including a list of courses required for licensure, 
see the Education: Licensure Programs section of the catalog. 



Within one semester of completing the core courses (MAT] 1211, 212, 301, 
303, and 307), students must take and pass a core exam. The core exam will 
cover material from each of the Eve core courses. In addition, competency in 
a structured computer language is required for students majoring in mathe- 
matics. Credit may not be received for both MATH 213 and 314. 



Mathematics minor (18 hrs) 

MATH 21 land 212 Calculus I and II (8 hrs) 

MATH 303 Multivariable Calculus (4 hrs) 

Six additional hours of math at the 2011 level or above 



Course Descriptions 



MATH 090. Developmental Mathematics - A review of basic arithmetic 
and an introduction to beginning topics in algebra. This course attempts to 
build connections between arithmetic and algebra and to ease the transition to 
a class in College Algebra or other college level work. It also includes topics 
in beginning statistics and geometry. It is not applicable toward the 128 hours 
required for a degree. Students are not allowed to withdraw from MATH 090. 
Offered ever)' term. Two semester hours. 

MATH 107. Principles of Mathematics - An introduction to a variety of 
mathematical fields including analysis, algebra, probability and statistics, logic, 
number theory, and topology, together with an analysis of some of the major 
contributions mathematics has made to civilization. Offered even* term. 
Three semester hours. 

MATH 111. College Algebra I - A study of algebraic methods; the natural 
numbers, the integers, the rationals, and the real numbers; algebraic expres- 
sions including polynomials, rational expressions, exponents and radicals, 
equations and inequalities; and function theory including domain, range, com- 
position, inverses, and graphing techniques. Offered fall term each year. Three 
semester hours. 

MATH 112. College Algebra II and Trigonometry - A continuation of 
Mathematics 1 1 1 including the study of exponential and logarithmic func- 
tions, vectors, and complex numbers. Also included is an in-depth presenta- 
tion of trigonometric functions: their values, graphs, inverses, and identities; 
with application to triangles, circles, and some mechanics. Prerequisite: 
MATH 111 or equivalent. Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

MATH 153. Fundamental Concepts I - Not available to math majors or 
minors. A study of the real number system and its field properties, as well as 
a study of elementary geometry. As tools for the development of topics, a 
study is also made of set theory and various numeration systems. Emphasis is 
placed on problem solving, knowledge of the metric system, and creative use 
of the calculator in the classroom. This course is appropriate only for stu- 
dents in middle grades and early childhood education programs. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

MATH 211. Calculus I - A study of functions, limits, derivatives, and inte- 
grals including their definition, calculation, and application. Prerequisite: 
MATH 1 1 2 or equivalent. Offered fall term each year. Four semester hours. 

MATH 212. Calculus II - A study of transcendental functions, their differ- 
entiation and integration, formal integration, the conies, Taylor's formula, and 
infinite series. Prerequisite: MATH 211. Offered spring term each year. Four 
semester hours. 

MATH 213. Statistics - A study of data analysis and statistical inference. 
Topics include descriptive statistics, an introduction to probability, continuous 
and discrete random variables, probability distributions, basic sampling tech- 
niques, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing with small and large samples, 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



102 mathematics 



linear regression and correlation, and an introduction to the analysis of vari- 
ance. Prerequisite: High school algebra or equivalent. Ottered every term. 
Three semester hours. 

MATH 214. Discrete Mathematics - A study of discrete mathematical 
structures such as sets, permutations, relations, graphs, and finite state 
machines as well as a variety of mathematics used to study these structures 
including recursion, induction, counting, algorithms, and finite calculus (dif- 
ference equations). This course is especially recommended for those whose 
major or minor is either computer information systems or computer science. 
Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

MATH 253. Fundamental Concepts II - Not available to math majors or 
minors. An introductory study in logic, probability, statistics, and elementary 
algebra, together with appropriate teaching strategies for each of these. This 
course is appropriate for students in middle grades and early childhood edu- 
cation programs. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

MATH 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to studv material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an indrvidualiaed 
approach in a field not now covered in a single course. Not open to fresh- 
men. One to three semester hours. 

MATH 301. An Introduction to Mathematical Logic - A studv of prepo- 
sitional logic in abstract mathematics and an introduction to the basic struc- 
tures of modern mathematics including set theory, cardinality, induction, rela- 
tions, and functions, with particular emphasis on the reading and writing of 
proofs. Prerequisite: MATH 212 or consent of instructor. Offered spring 
term each vear. Three semester hours. 

MATH 303. Multfvariable Calculus - A study of three dimensional analytic 
geometry, curves, calculus of functions of several variables, line integrals, and 
differential equations. Prerequisite: MYTH 212. Offered fall term each vear. 
Four semester hours. 

MATH 304. Modern Geometry - A srudv of axiomatic systems, logic, and 
Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries from an historical viewpoint- 
Euclidean incidence, betweenness, congruence, and separation are studied 
along with models for non-Euclidean geometries and their impact on mathe- 
matical thought- Recommended for prospective teachers of mathematics. 
Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 



MATH 315. Probability and Statistics II - A continuation of Mathematics 
314 which includes an introduction to decision theory, estimation, and 
hypothesis testing, as well as a discussion of ANOV, non-parametric meth- 
ods, and other tests. In addition, the course includes an introduction to com- 
puter based statistical packages. Prerequisite: MATH 314. Offered spring 
ierm alternate years. Three semester hours. 

MATH 351. Mathematical Modeling - A survey of the construction and 
development of mathematical models used in science and industry. The 
mathematics developed contributes to an understanding of the model as well 
as the associated scientific problem that is approximate. Prerequisites: MATH 
307 and 309. Offered spring term upon demand. Three semester hours. 

MATH 408. Numerical Analysis - A studv which enables one to write 
mathematical processes such as integration, differentiation, mqirrr invert -.. 
and esti ma tion of roots, with arithmetic operations. Study includes orienta- 
tion toward machine computation. Prerequisites: MYTH 30" and 309 ^r. i :. 
computer language. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

MATH 411. Introduction to Real Analysis - A study of the algebraic and 
topological properties of the real numbers, functions of a real variable, conti- 
nuity, differentiation, convergencv of sequences of functions, Lebesque 
measure and integration, Riemann-Snelties integration, and general measures. 
Prerequisite: MATH 310. Offered fall term upon demand- Three semester 
hours. 

MATH 490. Independent Study - Individual work in mathematics under 
the direct supervision of an instructor. Prerequisite: twentv-four hours of 
mathematics and consent of the instructor. Offered upon demand- One to 
three semester hours. 

MATH 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. Offered fall 
term alternate years. One to three semester hours. 



MATH 307. Linear Algebra - A study of vector spaces, matrices and linear 
systems, determinants, inner products, and linear transformations. 
Prerequisite: MATH 212. Offered fall term each vear. Three semester hours. 

MATH 308. Modem Algebra - A studv of algebraic structures such as 
rings, fields, groups, and integral domains. Recommended for math majors- 
Prerequisite: MATH 301. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester 
hours. 

MATH 309. Differential Equations - A studv of the differential equations, 
their meaning, types of solutions, and uses. Recommended for math majors 
and minors interested in chemistry and applied math. Prerequisite: MATH 
303 and 30 _ . Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

MATH 310. Topology - A studv of open sets, closed sets, functions, conti- 
nuity, compactness, connectedness, product spaces, and homeomorphism. 
Prerequisite: MATH 301. Offered spring term upon demand. Three semester 
hours. 

MATH 314. Probability and Statistics I - A studv of probability distribu- 
tions and inferential as well as descriptive statistics. Topics such as frequency 
tables, measures of central tendency and dispersion, confidence intervals, and 
tests of hypothesis are included. Prerequisite: MATH 303. Offered fall term 
alternate years. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



missions 103 



Missions 

Area of Biblical Learning 



Missions service to the global church has always been central to the educa- 
tional mission and purpose of Milligan College, whether that service takes 
place locally or in more distant regions of the world. For persons whose pri- 
mary commitment is to the mission mandate of the church, the College "pro- 
vides opportunities for education in Bible . . ." which are "shaped by a 
Christian world view." 



The emphasis in missions is direcdy tied to the following College objectives 
as it 1) strengthens students in their "Positive, Personal Christian Faith That 
Jesus is Lord and Savior" through class studies and interactions with the 
College community; 2) deepens their "Commitment to Follow the Teachings 
of the Christian Scripture in One's Personal and Social Ethics" by challenging 
them to play a personal role in responding to the missions mandate of the 
church; 3) cultivates their "Capacity to Recognize and Assume Responsibility 
in Society" when they encounter missionaries on furlough via the College's 
Visiting Missionary program, participate in short-term missions trips, com- 
plete the required internship, and in other ways encounter the needs of the 
world; and 4) refines their "Knowledge, Meaning, and Application of Sound 
Scholarship" when they examine and analyze both their faith and their knowl- 
edge of the world via classes and more informal campus activities. 

The course of missions study at Milligan College is designed primarily to pre- 
pare people for missions' leadership ministry in the church. For this reason, 
its strength has long resided in its interdisciplinary structure, offering students 
a wide diversity of missions options via examples from church history, more 
contemporary situations, and internship placements. The emphasis is a part of 
the Bible major since an understanding of the universe and one's own place 
in it is predicated upon an understanding of God's purposes as revealed in 
the scriptures. However, because effective missionary ministry also entails an 
understanding of human nature, missions study at Milligan College incorpo- 
rates a solid foundation in the social sciences. It is this unique combination of 
the two disciplines — Bible and sociology — which comprises the core of 
Milligan's missions emphasis. 

Milligan College expects those who graduate with a missions track to 1) be 
prepared for service in a missions leadership role in the church; 2) be able, in 
culturally appropriate ways, to prepare and preach sermons or teach lessons 
which have solid scriptural content; 3) have a good foundation in biblical, 
church historical, social, and practical studies for lifelong learning; 4) be well- 
prepared to pursue seminary or graduate education; and 5) be a good 
Christian example of a missions-minded student of scripture. Emphases of 
spiritual dependence upon God, solid academic study including serious study 
of the Bible and the social sciences and practices of both integrity and effec- 
tiveness highlight the lives of those persons who complete the missions 
emphasis. 



Bible major - B.A. (37-38 hrs) 

Missions track 

For information about the Bible major with the missions track, see "Bible." 
The program of study in the Bible major with a missions emphasis leads to 
the B.A. degree, which requires the srudy of a foreign language rhrough the 
intermediate level. Because it is interdisciplinary in nature, the missions cur- 
riculum includes both a major and a minor. Furthermore, students who wish 
to add to this program of srudy may, in consultation with their faculty advis- 
ers and respective faculty chairs, work toward a double major and/or a double 
minor. 



Missions minor (21 hrs) 

BIBL 201 Jesus in the Gospels (3 hrs) 

BIBL 211 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

Three additional hours of New Testament courses 

Three additional hours of Old Testament courses 

CMIN 250-253 Practical Ministries Colloquium A - D (2 hrs) 

CMIN 270 Introduction to Christian Missions or 271 History of 

Christian Missions (3 hrs) 
HIST 275 Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 

Nineteenth Century (1 hr) 
SOCL 210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



104 music 



Music 



Area of Performing. Visual, and Communicative Arts 

The primary goal of the Music Area is to produce well-trained musicians who 
enjoy music and music making while also viewing music as a way to enhance 
and improve the quality of life. The music curriculum at Milligan seeks to 
produce life-long learners and lovers of music, as well as accomplished per- 
formers and avid music consumers, \\ithin the scope of the above goal are 
two main areas — performance and appreciation — expressed in the follow- 
ing objectives: 

■ Performance 

• The student demonstrates evidence of an exposure to a variety of styles 

• The srudent demonstrates a synthesis of musical learning. 

• The student demonstrates the ability to communicate effecrivelv 
through music 

■ Appreciation 

• The student demonstrates an appreciation of a variety of musical tastes 
and styles. 

• The student demonstrates an understanding of the fundamental ele- 
ments involved in the creative process of musical composition. 

• The student demonstrates the ability to listen with understanding. 

Applied music 

Areas of applied music offered at Milligan College include voice, piano, gui- 
tar, organ, brass, woodwinds, strings, and percussion instruments. All 

areas of applied study are available to all students at Milligan College. 

Ensembles 

Choral ensembles include Concert Choir, Heritage, and Milligan Gospel 
Choir. Instrumental ensembles include Brass Choir, Civic Band (performance 
with the Johnson City Community Concert Band), Jazz Ensemble, Johnson 
City Symphony Orchestra, Orchestra, Pep Band, and St rin g Quartet- All 
ensembles are open to the entire Milligan College community. Some require 
an audition. 

Admission to program 

In order to be appropriately placed in the music program at Milligan College, 
a prospective student must 

■ Meet all entrance requirements of the College; 

■ Satisfactorily complete a personal interview and audition with members 
of the music faculty or submit an audio or video performance on an 
instrument or voice; 

■ Take an examination in ear training and elementary theory to determine 
er.:r .eve,. 

The personal audition and interview will allow the faculty to become 
acquainted with each prospective candidate, and will give an idea of future 
potential for success in the music program. Auditions are scheduled through 
the Music Office (423.461.8723) and are held in Seeger ChapeL Students with 
little or no musical experience will be enrolled in MUSC 141 Basic Music 
Reading Skills. All others will be placed in MUSC 143 Basic Music 
Theory ■' Ear Training 

Grade policy for majors/minors 

Music majors and minors must achieve a minim um grade in the following 
core music courses: 

MUSC 143 and!44 Basic Theory /Ear T raining - C 

MUSC 363 Basic Conducting: C 

MUSC 36~ and 368 Music History or MUSC 265 Music History Survey: C 

Applied Lessons: B 

^~hen a student's grade talk below the required minimum the student will 
have to repeat the course until the minimum grade is reached. 



General Music Studies - B.A. (38 hrs) 

The general music studies curriculum requires a core of music courses, and 
an emphasis in either jazz studies or applied study. Students who select 
this major may wish to teach music privately in a studio, pursue a college 
teaching career, or a performing career Completion of a foreign language 
through the intermediate level is required. This degree is not a substitute for 
a music education degree. 

Applied music study for the general music studies major and min or may be in 
voice, piano, organ, guitar, brass, woodwinds, strings, or percussion. Either 
the principal or the secondary applied area for the general music studies 
major and min or must be piano, unless a proficiency (MUSC 207) in piano is 
demonstrated (for the major). All general music studies majors whose princi- 
pal instrument is piano must enroll in one semester of organ study. 

Music majors must participate in an ensemble for six semester hours. Music 
majors fulfill their particular ensemble requirement with participation in at 
least four of the required six semester hours of ensembles that use their par- 
ticular applied study skills. 

General music studies majors with a principal applied area in percussion, 
brass, or woodwinds must satisfy their four semester hour ensemble require- 
ment with at least one semester hour of Orchestra or Johnson City 
Community Concert Band (Civic Band). Enrollment is dependent upon the 
appropriateness of the instrument in the ensemble. A mavim nm of two 
semester hours in jazz ensemble may count toward the ensemble credit. 
Students may choose any of the above ensembles for the fourth semester 
hour. 



For string majors, parricipatioin in Orchestra fulfills the ensemble require- 
ment. Participarion in choral or instrumental ensembles fulfills the ensemble 
requirement for students whose principal applied area is keyboard. 

For voice majors, participation in Milligan Gospel Choir or Concert Choir 

fulfills the ensemble requirement 

Concert and recital attendance is required of the general music studies major 
for eight semesters (attending six concerts per semester). Failure to meet all 
recital attendance requirements results in a five percent reduction in every 
music class grade for the semester. 

Core 

MUSC 143 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 144 Basic Music Theory /Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 243 Advanced Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 265 Music History Survey (3 hrs) 

MUSC 348 Orchestration and Arranging (2 hrs) 

MUSC 363 Basic Conducting (3 hrs) 

Ensemble for 6 hours (.5 to 1.5 hrs per semester) 

Applied Music 

Principal area of concentration (4 hrs min./4 semesters) 
Secondary area of concentration (1 hr/2 semesters minimum OR 
until a piano proficiency [MUSC 207] is completed. 

Concert and recital attendance for 8 semesters (6 concerts per semester) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



music 105 



Emphases 

Applied Study emphasis (10 hrs) 

MUSC 244 Advanced Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 
MUSC 408 Senior Recital (1 hr) or 490 Senior Project (1 hr) 
MUSC 456 Seminar (2 hrs) (Applied instrumental pedagogy - 2 hrs) 
Four additional semesters of principal area of concentration (4 hrs) 






Jazz Studies emphasis (10 hrs) 

MUSC 266 History of Jazz (3 hrs) 
MUSC 321 Jazz Improvisation (3 hrs) 
MUSC 421 Advanced Jazz Methods (3 hrs) 
MUSC 490 Senior Project (1 hr) 



Music Education - B.A. (37.5 hrs) 

The music education curriculum is designed as an interdisciplinary program 
for die student planning a career in teaching music. Students majoring in 
music education must choose either the instrumental or vocal emphasis. 
Licensure is K-12 vocal/general and instrumental. This degree requires nine 
semesters of study. 

The student is trained in voice or an orchestral instrument, piano, conducting, 
and in the materials and methods of elementary and secondary music educa- 
tion. The student is also trained in educational applications of computer and 
digital keyboard technology. Opportunities for field work in area schools, 
including directed teaching, broaden the student's education. 

Applied music study for the music education major may be in voice, piano, 
organ, guitar, brass, woodwinds, strings, or percussion. Voice must be the 
principal or secondary concentration for those students with a major in music 
education with the vocal emphasis. An instrument other than piano must be 
the principal or secondary concentration for those students with a major in 
music education with the instrumental emphasis. Piano must be the principal 
or secondary concentration for the music education major unless a proficien- 
cy (MUSC 207) in piano is completed. All music education majors whose 
principal instrument is piano must enroll in one semester of organ study. 

Music majors must participate in an ensemble for six semester hours. Music 
majors fulfill their particular ensemble requirement with participation in an 
ensemble that uses their particular applied study skills for at least four of the 
required six semester hours. Ensemble participation cannot occur during 
Student Teaching: K-12 Practicum (EDUC 455). 

Music education-instrumental majors with a principal applied area in percus- 
sion, brass, or woodwinds must satisfy their four-semester hours of ensemble 
requirements with at least one semester hour of Orchestra and one semester 
hour of Johnson City Community Concert Band (Civic Band). A maximum 
of two semester hours in Jazz Ensemble may count toward the ensemble 
credit. Students may use any combination of these ensembles to satisfy this 
requirement, as long as they fulfill minimum and maximum requirements. 

For string majors, participation in Orchestra fulfills the ensemble requirement. 
Participation in choral or instrumental ensembles fulfills the ensemble 
requirement for students whose principal applied area is keyboard. 

For voice majors, participation in Concert Choir or Milligan Gospel Choir 
fulfills the ensemble requirement. 

Concert and recital attendance is required of the music education major for 
eight semesters (attending six concerts per semester), except during Student 
Teaching: K-12 (EDUC 455). Failure to meet all recital attendance require- 
ments results in a five percent reduction in every music class grade for the 
semester. 



Music Education 

MUSC 143 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 
MUSC 144 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 
MUSC 243 Advanced Music/Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 
MUSC 244 Advanced Music/Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 
MUSC 348 Orchestration and Arranging (2 hrs; 
MUSC 363 Basic Conducting (3 hrs) 
MUSC 367 Music History and literature I (3 hrs) 
MUSC 368 Music History and Literature II (3 hrs) 
Ensemble (6 hrs - .5 to 1.5 hrs per semester) 
Applied 

Principal area of concentration (7 hrs minimum/7 semesters) 
Secondary area of concentration (1.5 hrs/3 semesters minimum OR 

until a piano proficiency [MUSC 207] is completed) 
Concert and recital attendance (8 semesters [6 concerts/semester] 

except during Student Teaching: K-12 [EDUC 455]) 

Music education students planning to enter the Master of Education program 
after completing their undergraduate degree should consider taking the fol- 
lowing courses for graduate credit (EDUC 533, EDUC 535, EDUC 534, 
EDUC 536, and EDUC 537). 

MUSC 450/EDUC 533: Curriculum and Methods for Secondary 

Instrumental Music (or) 
MUSC 452/EDUC 535: Curriculum and Methods for Secondary Choral 

Music 
MUSC 451 /EDUC 534: Curriculum and Methods for Elementary Music 
MUSC 436/EDUC 536: Instrumental Methods I 
MUSC 437/EDUC 537: Instrumental Methods II 

These courses will count toward both the undergraduate degree (beyond the 
128 hour requirement) and for the Master of Education degree at Milligan 
College. If the courses are taken for graduate credit, there will be graduate 
level objectives and assignments. 

These courses will replace the following required courses in the Master of 
Education degree program:: 

EDUC 520: Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods (3 

hrs) 
EDUC 521: Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum II (3 hrs) 
Elective (3 hrs) 
Elective (3 hrs) 

Students seeking licensure in vocal music take only EDUC 534 and 535 and 
two electives in their graduate program. 

Taking these courses would permit music education students to complete a 
Master of Education program in 1 2 months beyond their undergraduate pro- 
gram. For additional information, contact the Director of Teacher 
Certification or Area Chair for Education. 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see die Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the Catalog. 

Professional education courses (19-20 hrs) 

EDUC 150 Introduction to Education (2 hrs) 

EDUC 152 Technology in Education (1 hr) or MUSC 211 Introduction 

to Music Technology (2 hrs) 
EDUC 455 Student Teaching: K-12 (12 hrs) 
EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 
PSYC 252 Developmental Psychology (3 hrs)* 

*Fulfills 3 hrs of social learning requirements in GER 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



106 music 



Teacher Licensure Requirements 

Instrumental emphasis (15 hrs) 

MUSC 271 Instrumental Methods I (3 hrs) 

MUSC 272 Instrumental Methods II (3 hrs) 

MUSC 364 Advanced Conducting (3 hrs) 

MUSC 450 Methods and Materials for Secondary Music-Instrumental (3 

hrs) 
MUSC 451 Methods and Materials for Elementary Music (3 hrs) 

Vocal emphasis (11 hrs) 

MUSC 255 Introduction to Instrumental Techniques (2 hrs) 
MUSC 364 Advanced Conducting (3 hrs) 

MUSC 451 Methods and Materials for Elementary Music (3 hrs) 
MUSC 452 Methods and Materials for Secondary Music- Vocal (3 hrs) 



semesters (attending four concerts per semester). Failure to meet all recital 
attendance requirements results in a five percent reduction in everv music 
class grade for the semester. 



Course Descriptions 

MUSC 100. Applied Study- Voice - Individual instruction in singing. Open 
to all students. Ottered every term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is voice. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 101, 102, 201. Piano as a Secondary Concentration - Applied studv 
for non-piano music majors and minors. Preparation toward attainment of 
profidencv for music majors. Two class meetings and one lab per week. 
Music 101 and 201 offered fall term each vear; Music 102 offered spring term 
each vear. Two semester hours. 



Fine Arts - B.A. (38 hrs) 

Music emphasis 

A student mav declare a fine arts major with an emphasis in music For fur- 
ther information on this major, refer to the information under the listing of 
Fine Arts. 



General Music Studies minor (19 hrs) 

MUSC 143 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 144 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 265 Music History Survey (3 hrs) 

MUSC 363 Basic Conducting (3 hrs) 

Ensemble for 4 hours (.5 to 1.5 hrs per ensemble per semester) 

Applied Music: 
Principal concentration for a minimum of 4 semesters (2 hrs) 
Secondarv concentration for a minimum of 2 semesters (1 hr) 
Concert attendance for 4 semesters (4 concerts per semester) 



Music Ministry minor (21.5 hrs) 

The music ministry minor fits well with numerous majors. The study of 
music ministry mav serve to foster students' avocational interests as well as 
prepare them for more concentrated music studies in the future. 

MUSC 143 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 144 Basic Music Theory/Ear Training (3 hrs) 

MUSC 265 Music History Survey (3 hrs) 

MUSC 363 Basic Conducting (3 hrs) 

MUSC 369 Planning and Leading Congregational Music (2 hrs) 

MUSC 491 Practicum in Music Ministry (1 hr) 

Ensemble for 4 hours (.5 to 1.5 hrs per ensemble per semester) 

Applied Music: 
Principal concentration for a minimum of 3 semesters (1.5 hrs) 
Secondary concentration for a minimum of 2 semesters (1 hr) 

Concert attendance for 4 semesters (attending 4 concerts /semester) 

Either the principal or the secondary applied area for all music minors must 
be piano. 

Music minors with a principal area of concentration in percussion, brass, or 
woodwinds may satisfy two semester hours of the ensemble requirement with 
Jazz Ensemble, and two semester hours in Orchestra or Johnson City 
Community Concert Band (Civic Band). For all voice minors, participation in 
Concert Choir or Milligan Gospel Choir fulfills the ensemble requirement. 
For string minors, participation in Orchestra fulfills the ensemble require- 
ment. Participation in choral or instrumental ensembles fulfills the ensemble 
requirement for all students whose principal applied area is kevboard. 
Concert and recital attendance is required of all music minors for four 



MUSC 104. Applied Study-Piano - Individual instruction in piano. Open to 
all students. Offered even" term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is piano. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 105. Applied Study-Organ - Individual instruction in organ. Open 
to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is organ. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 106. Applied Study-Guitar - Individual instruction in guitar. Open 
to all students. Offered everv term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is guitar. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 107. Applied Study-Flute - Individual instruction in flute. Open to 
all students. Offered even" term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is flute. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 109. Applied Study-Clarinet - Individual instruction in clarinet. 
Open to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour les- 
son per week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is clar- 
inet One-half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other 
students. 

MUSC 110. Applied Study-Saxophone - Individual instruction in saxo- 
phone. Open to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one 
hour lesson per week) for music majors whose principal area of concentra- 
tion is saxophone. One-half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) 
for all other students. 

MUSC 111. Applied Study- Violin - Individual instruction in violin. Open to 
all students. Offered even" term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is violin. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 
MUSC 112. Applied Study- Viola - Individual instruction in viola. Open to 
all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is viola. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 113. Applied Study-Cello - Individual instruction in cello. Open to 
all students. Offered even" term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per 
week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is cello. One- 
half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 



milligan college academic cataiog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



music 107 



MUSC 114. Applied Study-Percussion - Individual instruction in percus- 
sion. Open to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour 
lesson per week) for music majors whose principal area of concentradon is 
percussion. One-half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all 
other students. 

MUSC 115. Applied Study-Trumpet - Individual instruction in trumpet. 
Open to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour les- 
son per week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is 
trumpet. One-half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all 
other students. 

MUSC 116. Applied Study-Horn - Individual instruction in French horn. 
Open to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour les- 
son per week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is 
French horn. One-half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all 
other students. 

MUSC 117. Applied Study-Trombone - Individual instruction in trombone. 
Open to all students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour les- 
son per week) for music majors whose principal area of concentration is 
trombone. One-half semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all 
other students. 

MUSC 118. Applied Study-Bass - Individual instruction in bass. Open to all 
students. Offered every term. One semester hour (one hour lesson per week) 
for music majors whose principal area of concentration is bass. One-half 
semester hour (one-half hour lesson per week) for all other students. 

MUSC 124. Piano Class for Beginners - Group instruction for non-music 
majors and minors with no previous piano experience. The course teaches 
basic skills in piano playing, music reading, and theory. Students will learn to 
play various styles of piano music. Offered every term. Two semester hours. 

MUSC 141. Basic Music Reading Skills - A study of the basic fundamen- 
tals of music. Open to all students. Does not satisfy any requirements for the 
music major. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 143-144. Basic Music Theory/Ear Training - A course in begin- 
ning written theory, including a laboratory session for developing aural skills. 
MUSC 143 offered spring term each year; MUSC 144 offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 150. World Music - An introduction to music styles of the world. 
Readings, discussion, listening to recorded examples, and exposure to per- 
formers and instruments of world cultures. Musical skill not required. This 
course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in the general education- 
core. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 180. Milligan Gospel Choir - A mixed chorus singing various styles 
of gospel music. Open to all students by audition. Offered every term. One 
semester hour. 

MUSC 181. Heritage - An auditioned a cappella ensemble of four to six 
singers-men and women-which represents the College in churches, at area 
civic organizations, and at college functions. This ensemble does not satisfy 
the ensemble requirement for music majors and minors. Offered every term. 
One-half semester hour. 

MUSC 182. Civic Band - Performance with the Johnson City Community 
Concert Band. One rehearsal per week. Offered every term. One-half semes- 
ter hour. 

MUSC 184. Concert Choir - An auditioned mixed chorus with a varied 
repertoire of classics, spirituals, hymn arrangements and musical theatre. The 
Choir tours annually and performs on numerous other occasions. 



Commitment is for both semesters. Offered every term. One and a half 
semester hours. 

MUSC 185. Pep Band An instrumental ensemble devoted to performance 
of music during select Milligan College athletic events. Open to all students. 
( Iffered every term. ( )nc-half semester hour. 

MUSC 189. Johnson City Symphony Orchestra - Performance with the 
Johnson City Symphony Orchestra. One rehearsal per week for two and one- 
half hours. Offered every term. One-half semester hour. 

MUSC 191. Jazz Ensemble - Organization is devoted to performance of 
jazz and pop styles, with emphasis on ensemble playing, solo playing, and 
improvisation. Open to all students by audition. Offered every term. One 
semester hour. 

MUSC 192. Orchestra - Orchestra rehearsing and performing representative 
literature. Open to all students by audition. Offered even' term. One semester 
hour. 

MUSC 194. Brass Ensemble - An instrumental ensemble composed of 
brass instruments devoted to the study and performance of literature written 
specifically for brass. Offered every term. One-half semester hour. 

MUSC 196. String Quartet - A chamber ensemble for string players which 
performs for on and off campus events. Open to all students by audition. 
Offered every term. One-half semester hour. 

MUSC 207. Piano Proficiency - A test of general accomplishment in the 
music major's secondary applied concentration. Achievement must be com- 
pleted to fulfill secondary requirements. Offered every term. No credit. 

MUSC 211. Introduction to Music Technology - An introductorv survey 
of the practical application of MIDI keyboards, computers, and interactive 
workstations as they relate to music. The course includes hands-on explo- 
ration of MIDI keyboard instruments, computers, and related software. 
Offered fall term alternate years. Two semester hours. 

MUSC 243-244. Advanced Music Theory/Ear Training - A course in 
advanced written theory, including standard musical forms and contemporary 
music. A concurrent laboratory session develops and maintains aural skills. 
Prerequisite: MUSC 144 or permission of the instructor. MUSC 243 offered 
spring term each year; MUSC 244 offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

MUSC 255. Introduction to Instrumental Techniques- 
Brass/Percussion/Woodwinds/Strings - The structure, use, techniques of 
playing, and care of the principal instruments in school instrumental organi- 
zations. Emphasis is on techniques necessary for basic understanding of the 
instruments. This course is for music education majors whose emphasis is 
vocal. Offered fall term alternate years. Two semester hours. 

MUSC 263. Survey of Pop Music - The study and appreciation of 
American Popular music from 1900 to the present. Offered fall term every 
year. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 265. Music History Survey - Studies in techniques, forms, styles, 
and composers of the musical periods from the Renaissance to the present. 
Not open to music education majors. Offered spring term alternate years. 
Three semester hours. 

MUSC 266. History of Jazz - Origins, development, styles, composers, and 
major performers of the jazz movement, from the beginnings of jazz to the 
present day. Offered spring semester alternate years. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 271. Instrumental Methods I - A study of brass and string instru- 
ments, with emphasis on playing fundamentals, materials, and pedagogical 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



108 music 



isperrs re- -._;.: edu-ir.: z z\z :rs — >: se emr basis is 
7— :errr urrrrure rears. Trrree semester rears 



- ^ '~ f^,r? : Ottered 



laUSC 272. Instrumental Methods II - A study of paronissiraQ ami -raod- 
-rind iesEnraoenis, -scada -m -Jhtaq*; oaa playing faaiidaaaaeQiaLs. m i: eaaals, arid ped- 
^ogpcal aspects. This coaasse as tor aaantsac edaacaaaora aaaajjoas \shose eaaaphasis - s 
MsssiTDGDaeosaL Oalieted 'q m^mg ^fto -aWinnratty ypaire "HwiFf seaaaestEr hours. 

MUSC 32L Jazz Improrisarion - Theory and tEchaakjiaes of jazz atmpaovisa- 
siosa ~tith an finrcpforadt s f*- ihpnraritiiri infflli hrTWnnn/ mr^ imtHtnt^ir foraaa, special SCaHeS;, 

7_7e -7_7_r7. 777 ~ ~~'~> ZZ. '■ 7:7: T" " V '' " : - " V "'.Til -77r.7 :: 777 

erer: 77777 Three samesiiEr hours. 

MUSC 345. Composition - T^edbaikmes of ir-i-rcn-ail composition in standard 
song fotaaas, as «~fl as msBnHJiansal sok» aaad ensemble aorrns. Prerequisite: 
MUSC 144. Ofibred faM s-Tnr-i alkpffrnrafip years. Tko sesaaesser hennas. 

MOSC 347. Form and Analysis - A staady of Hrtajjar forms of aaasic iaoaaa 
the Bazoqne pesiod danxagh tSae Twamtaesh Gerataaax. Pa^reqnisire: MUSC 243 
■* — : ^r-- - £ -_--z _-_; — _~: r. r rrerel ££1 rerrr. .. its. Tyro senaes- 



MUSC 34S Orc'resTraticr arid Arrar-777-^ \ 7 _rst ::"r77~:: ; .: rhur 
777e77S7_7S 7777777777=7 777 " ~ ' - ~ " : 7777.7_77es : : r.^-^rTT; :fi-mi- 
g«K PnareoiaisisE: MUSC 244 or peraraisssbii of the amsfiraciror. Otlered 

^~r — . r term alternate ~~~~-~- Two seaaaestser hours. 

MUSC 363. Basic Condnrring - Astndy of cowfartimg :e :: a joes, efc- 
merrs :: 7r:::77re777 ' 7_ 7777 r*i~;: _7_ sa®QdE-5 n wwtmwB .-.'_: rr_" _ i.".rr_r * -~ - 

ages. PaeaisqiiassaaE: MUSC 144. Oalbred fcal term 7_7err_77e vr^ Three seiaaes- 



MUSC 364. Adranced Conducting - Adkamced coaadnrrr 7 : 
indmSngpmblsms of toonae., hajkaaoe. 'ffivd iaaffierprea^aioaa. PneregaaasalE: MUSC 

j 17 J ZZtZtZ ; ~ 7 ztZZZ ' ~~ — ~'r ~^-:.r~ T~"tr rt~rr::: h 



MUSC 450. Methods and Materials for Secondary Music - Instrumental- 
A soady of philosophy, cxtrricuhro, and methods and materials of teaching 
msrrmnental music and direcring bands and orchestras. Prerequisite; MUSC 
244. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 451. Methods and Materials for Elementary Music - Astnc 

■7? and material' of Tparhing music to children including studies I - e 
child'? musics ievdopment K-< Frerecraisiie; MUSC 244. Offered fall term 
:_:erriate Tears. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 452. Methods and Materials for Secondary Music - Vocal-A study 
of philosophy, curriculum, and methods and materials of teaching music and 
dkonrmg ensembles. Prerequisite: MUSC 244. Offered spring term alternate 
Tears. Three semester hours. 

MUSC 453. Music and Worship - A study of the historical philosophical, 
and theological interrelationship of music and -worship. Offered fall term 

altcrr_i:r "zzz:. Three semester hours 

MUSC 456. Seminar - Seminars in specific areas of music for adranced stu- 
dents in appiirz pedag - gjt ^ccompanTing, organ history and literature, piano 
literature ar.i : z-tzz « dtshop. Offered as needed. Two semester hours. 

MUSC 490. Senior Project - An indrridualized course of study (thesis, lec- 
7_rr lemonstraiion, or other projeci; to be determined by the student and a 
faculty committee. Often mterdisciplinary in nature, the project relate; : ibe 
student's cateai ietEDSts. This course serres as the culminating project for the 
general music smdies-iazz studies maior. This course mar serre as the cukni- 
777-; 7 7: 77: :': r the general music studies-applied maior. Offered erery 
term. One to tsro semester hours. 

MUSC 49L Practicum in Music Ministry - Required of all music ministry 
7-_7 7 ; Sut'eryised work in an approred church music program. Offered as 
needed. One semester hour. 



j\ fUSC 367. Music History and lireratore I - A surrey : re ree. r- 
~er: :r ^esterr 77_. ; _7 7rr:7_7-r r-a777re. rrrr rri :r errrr^: fr7: 177 rrTrs 
of each sirde pedod. Pre-eomiatie: MUSC 144. or t 



_ rrerer 7r_ terrr 7.:e777r:; eTrs. _rre; ; ;r:.-r: 7 _rs. 

MUSC _-7>- Music Histor." and Li:erarrre II - A s_rre7- :' tie -it-zlip- 
Sisesatot ;. ESSE — '■'" OS ~ rnn-- nb^ >r^l rr, -he preppy- 7 

17 7 r 777 ; :" 77 77 -7 .: 777 <7 7 7:777n;7: J.fU SC 367 Or CC 7:77: I £ 7: r 

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MUSC 369. P"a — ""-g and Leadi-g Congreg-arional Music - A ?~-±r -_ I 
zzzzzz- : -- trrrus. arr ?7r77_re s : 7.7: _:e7i7_re :: 77e 177-777^ rrr - ' ^ - 
esEaawwa Sic aaaedaodis of scflentaoai saad Bf~^lpirg1hmin i of coiiagiR^aliaoaaal ~~~-.i~al 
— ":7r7_7 . rrerer srr7_7 rem a.ternate ; e77 ; .r - : setresie: ; _7r 

MUSC35W. Independent Study - An iadaraAaafized comrse \Aieh enables 
77. t s 77777: :: S77.7 rTater-aJ 7_77rr r: : 7:^7777 zz ::: 7777. 7_._r: :: 7 : : : "- 

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Ofiered as nfrdfd One : : z- 7; 7 7. Dtacs crediL 

MUSC -j». Senior Reci^l - i ne-'r.cur rcrf: 7-777777 )'Lz 7c subs 777777 :": : 
ire Ser_:r 77 77: : : 7= ;:7:-7 r_7: studies —7 : - -777 tt 7~rr7 ; .s in 

77 7 _ 77 ST7.7: . 7: r " . 7 - : r " 7. 777 7 : ■ ; 7" - ■ : 77 7 -7 

MUSC 42L Adranced Jazz Methods - A study of ad-aaaoad theory and 
:777-7_7ues :: 777 .7:r::" : :r-7 : 7 "777 777_7 . 77_ ;r:r7^s.^ : r 777 sr.e ; 7777 
777J- ; .s. zzz.- ; 7_7 '77: Tress: : rs. tzz zzz^zz-Z. ir I 777::r7i7:: 

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:_7 TV.:— s err. ester - : _r- 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 ■ www.miliigan.edu 



nursing (B.S.N.) 109 



Nursing 

Area of Nursing 

The nursing major supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career or 
profession. 

The nursing science curriculum provides students with opportunities to devel- 
op, test, and use nursing knowledge, skills, and rationale in a variety of com- 
munity-based settings. Courses for the Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree 
prepare students for worldwide professional nursing career opportunities and 
for graduate study. 

The graduate will be able to use critical thinking to: (1) Provide professional 
nursing care using a synthesis of knowledge derived from relevant life experi- 
ences; scientific, social, humane and Biblical learning; nursing theory and 
research; (2) Institute developmentally appropriate nursing interventions 
based on actual and potential degrees of client system stress reaction, 
resources, goals, and anticipated outcomes; (3) Communicate therapeutically 
with culturally diverse clients and client systems; (4) Initiate primary, second- 
ary, or tertiary prevention interventions with culturally diverse clients and 
client systems (individuals, families, groups, and communities) through the use 
of the nursing process; (5) Incorporate professional, legal, and ethical nursing 
standards based upon a Christian perspective; (6) Assume responsibility and 
accountability for personal development and ongoing evaluation of the effec- 
tiveness of own clinical nursing practice; (7) Contribute to the enhancement 
of quality nursing and health care practices within a variety of settings; (8) 
Evaluate research findings for their relevance and application to primary, sec- 
ondary, or tertiary prevention interventions with clients or client systems; (9) 
Use an open system approach to communication in collaborative, consulta- 
tive, and interdisciplinary relationships. 

Nursing studies build on the liberal arts and sciences tradition of Milligan 
College. The following courses are required for nursing majors and fulfill des- 
ignated components of the core curriculum: COMM 102, MATH 213, and 
PSYC 252. BIOL 250, 251, and 280 are required prerequisites for the nursing 
major. 



Nursing major - B.S.N. (62 hrs) 

NURS 202/202L Health Assessment (2 hrs) with Lab (1 hr) 

NURS 210/210C Fundamentals of Nursing (2 hrs) with Clinical (2 hrs) 

NURS 220/220C Fundamentals of Nursing II (2 hrs) with Clinical (2 

hrs) 
NURS 300 Nursing Pharmacology (3 hrs) 
NURS 302 Primary Prevention and Health Promotion (2 hrs) 
NURS 310/310C Client System Stressors and Reactions (3 hrs) with 

Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 313/313C Nursing Interventions with Special Populations 

(Childbearing Family) (3 hrs) with Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 320/320C Complex Client System Stressors and Reactions (3 

hrs) with Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 323/323C Nursing Interventions with Special Populations 

(Infants, Children, and Adolescents) (3 hrs) with Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 350 Introduction to Nursing Research (3 hrs) 
NURS 403/403C Nursing Interventions with Special Populations 

(Psych) (3 hrs) with Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 41 0/41 0C Critical Client Stressors and Reactions (3 hrs) with 

Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 420/420P Management of Patient Care Systems (3 hrs) with 

Nursing Management Preceptorship (2 hrs) 
NURS 422/422C Nursing in Community Health Systems (3 hrs) with 

Clinical (2 hrs) 
NURS 424 Professional Nursing Issues (2 hrs) 
NURS 460 Nursing Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 

Upon satisfactory completion of the nursing program requirements, gradu- 
ates of the program become eligible to sit for the NCLEX-RN licensure 
examination. 

The area of nursing reserves the right to update and change the nursing cur- 
riculum at the beginning of any academic semester in conjunction with cur- 
rent professional nursing standards. All students seeking to pursue the cur- 
riculum plan leading toward a baccalaureate degree in nursing are required to 
follow a three-step process: initial acceptance, progression, and retention. 
Students who have been initially accepted are NOT guaranteed progression in 
the nursing major. Progression must be sought through an application process 
and is limited by the availability of spaces in the class. 

Students who have been enrolled in nursing courses at other colleges or uni- 
versities who wish to transfer to Milligan College must meet the same core 
curriculum requirements for progression. Transfer students will also be 
expected to demonstrate the same proficiency skills (N210/210C and N220/ 
220C) and achieve the established passing standard on designated competency 
evaluations. Non-licensed, transfer students not enrolled in nursing course- 
work within the last five (5) years may not transfer nursing courses. 



Accreditation 

The Area of Nursing at Milligan College is accredited by the Commission on 
Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE), located at One Dupont Circle, NW 
Suite 530 Washington, DC 20036-1120. The CCNE phone number is 207- 
887-6791. 



RN/LPN Career Mobility Plan 

RNs and LPNs seeking to meet degree requirements will follow the articula- 
tion plan outlined below. These students may receive advanced placement 
credits that will be considered equivalent to specific required nursing courses. 
LPNs are required to enroll in N201/201C and N202/202L as their pre-nurs- 
ing requirements. RNs are required to enroll in N202/202L. Both RNs and 
LPNs are expected to seek progression into the major upon completion of 
the required core and pre-nursing requirements. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



110 nursing (B.S.N.) 



RN Career Mobility Plan 

Registered nurses articulating to the baccalaureate degree level in nursing may 
be awarded or may transfer nursing credits to Milligan College equivalent to 
approximately one vear of nursing courses in this program. Only a grade of 
C or better in previous nursing courses is eligible for consideration in this 
option. 

Required core curriculum course credits are transferred and awarded accord- 
ing to pre-established policies of Millig an College. All degree candidates are 
expected to meet the core curriculum requirements in addition to the nursing 
program requirements. Students are expected to complete the arts and sci- 
ences core curriculum requirements. Nursing 202/202L, and to have been 
progressed into the nursing major prior to enrolling in anv 300 level nursing 
course. 

Nursing credits that are awarded or transferred under this articulation model 
are placed on individual transcripts by Milligan College only after the student 
has successfullv completed Nursing 301/301C at Milligan College. All stu- 
dents enrolling in the B.S.N, program under the career mobility plan are 
expected to complete a minim um of 45 semester hours at Milligan College. 

Advanced placement testing is required for graduates of non-NLNAC or 
CCNE accredited programs and for students who have not been in active 
clinical practice in the past three years. Students who seek to meet degree 
requirements through advanced placement testing must successfully complete 
all of the designated standardized challenge exams according to established 
passing standards in order to receive course credits. Test results will be con- 
sidered valid for a three-vear period. Students may repeat a given test once. If 
the student is not successful in passing the test on the second attempt, the 
student will be required to enroll in the course(s) of comparable content at 
Milligan College. 



LPN Mobility Plan 

LPNs articulating to the baccalaureate degree level in nursing may be awarded 
transfer credits to Milligan equivalent to the fundamentals of nursing courses 
offered during the sophomore year. Only courses in which a grade of C or 
better was earned in the LPN program are eligible for consideration in this 
option. 

Required core curriculum course credits may be transferred and awarded 
according to pre-established policies of Milligan College. All students 
enrolling in the B.S.N, program under the career mobility plan are expected to 
complete a minimum of 45 semester hours at Milligan College. 

Nursing credits that are awarded or transferred under this articulation model 
will be placed on individual transcripts bv Milligan only after the smdent has 
successfully completed Nursing 201/201C and 202/202L at Milligan 



Course Descriptions 

NURS 198. Medical Terminology - A course open to all students consider- 
ing entry into health care related professions. This course is designed to assist 
students to identify and define the root words, suffixes, prefixes, and combin- 
ing forms commonly found in medical terminology. Student learning activi- 
ties and exercises are utilized to assist students to remember significant con- 
cepts and to understand the meaning of new words by defining the elements 
contained within them. Offered even' semester. One semester hour, one 
clock hour. 

NURS 201. Nursing Systems and Process: LPN Transition Course - An 
overview of the concepts of holistic professional nursing and the nursing 
process. This process is presented as a critical thinkin g and problem-solving 
tool for identifying client system stressors and for initiating primary, second- 
ary, and tertiary prevention nursing interventions. Prerequisites: Current 
LPN/LVN licensure with current practice. Pre/Co-requisites: BIOL 250, 
251, and 380 or equivalents. Co-requisites: 201C and 202/202L. Offered 
spring term each year (dependent on student need). Three semester hours; 
three clock hours. 

NURS 201C. Nursing Systems and Process: LPN Transition Clinical - 

Opportunities to use the nursing process as a critical thinking and problem- 
solving tool for identifying and initiating primary, secondary, and terriarv 
nursing interventions within this clinical component. Previously learned tech- 
nical nursing arts and skills are validated. Co-requisite: NURS 201. Offered 
spring term each year (dependent on student need). One semester hour; three 
clock hours. 

NURS 202. Health Assessment - An exploration of the knowledge, obser- 
vational, interactional, and psychomotor skills required for assessing the 
health status and needs of clients of all ages. Pre/Co-requisites: BIOL 250, 
251; NURS 210/ 210C or equivalents; or current RN licensure and permis- 
sion of faculty. Co-requisite: NURS 202L. Offered spring term each year. 
Two semester hours; two clock hours. 

NURS 202L. Health Assessment Lab - Opportunities to practice the 
assessment modalities of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation 
are provided. Students are expected to conduct regional and comprehensive 
physical examinations within the campus lab setting. Co-requisite: NURS 202. 
Offered spring term each year. One semester hour, three clock hours. 

NURS 210. Fundamentals of Nursing - An introduction to the fundamen- 
tal concepts of holistic nursing and the nursing process. This process is pre- 
sented as a critical thinking and problem-solving tool for identifying client 
system stressors and for initiating primary, secondary and tertiary prevention 
nursing interventions. Pre/Co-requisite: BIOL 250 and 380. Co-requisite: 
NURS 2 IOC. Offered fall term each vear. Two semester hours; two clock 
hours. 

NURS 210C. Fundamentals of Nursing Clinical - A focus on the devel- 
opment of fundamental competencies required for instituting primary, sec- 
ondary, and tertiary prevention nursing interventions. Opportunities to test 
and use the nursing process as a critical thinking and problem-solving tool are 
provided. Co-requisite: NURS 210. Offered fall term each year. Two semester 
hours; six clock hours. 

NURS 220. Fundamentals of Nursing II - A continuation of NURS 210, 
the study of the fundamental concepts of holistic nursing and the nursing 
process. Prerequisites: NURS 210/210C. Pre/Co-requisite: BIOL 251 or 
equivalent. Co-requisites: NURS 220C and 202/202L. Offered spring term 
each year. Two semester hours; two clock hours. 

NURS 220C. Fundamentals of Nursing II Clinical - A continuation of 
NL~RS 21 0C with the focus on providing students opportunities to test and 
use the nursing process as a critical thinking and problem solving tool to pro- 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



nursing (B.S.N.) 111 



vide holistic nursing care. Opportunities to develop additional competencies 
in selected primary, secondary, and ternary prevention nursing interventions 
are also provided widiin the clinical practice setting. Co-requisite: NURS 220. 
Offered spring term each year. Two semester hours; six clock hours. 

Progression to junior (300) level courses in the nursing major 
must be sought through the application process. Students may 
only enroll in 300 level courses upon acceptance into the nurs- 
ing major through this process. 

NURS 300. Nursing Pharmacology - An introduction to pharmacology 
and the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes relevant to clinical 
nursing practice. Emphasis is placed on the study of prototypical drugs, their 
effects on human beings, and the implications for nursing practice. Pre/Co- 
requisites: NURS 310/310C. Offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours; three clock hours. 

NURS 301. Professional Nursing Systems: RN Transition Course - An 

overview of the theories and concepts of holistic, professional nursing. The 
nursing process is discussed as a critical thinking and problem-solving tool for 
identifying client system stressors and for initiating primary, secondary, and 
tertiary prevention nursing interventions. Prerequisites: Current RN licensure, 
progression into the nursing major; and NURS 202/202L. Co-requisite: 
NURS 301C. Offered fall term each year (dependent on student need). Three 
semester hours; three clock hours. 

NURS 301C. Professional Nursing Systems: RN Transition Clinical - 

Opportunities to utilize and test the nursing process in identifying and initiat- 
ing primary, secondary, and tertiary nursing interventions within simulated 
and clinical practice setting. Previously learned technical nursing arts and skills 
are validated. Co-requisite: NURS 301. Offered fall term each year (dependent 
on student need). Two semester hours; six clock hours. 

NURS 302. Primary Prevention and Health Promotion - An introduction 
to primary prevention and health promotion nursing interventions. Course 
content addresses the role of the nurse and the nursing process in developing 
partnerships with individuals, families, and groups of client/ client systems to 
provide primary interventions for health promotion and disease prevention. 
Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours; two clock hours. 

NURS 310. Client System Stressors and Reactions - An examination of 
the common actual or potential stressors that interfere with client health sta- 
tus through the use of the nursing process. The nurse's role in promoting lev- 
els of wellness through primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention modes are 
identified. Pre/Co-requisites: NURS 300 and 3 IOC. Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours; three clock hours. 

NURS 310C. Client System Stressors Clinical - A clinical practicum expe- 
rience within a variety of clinical settings utilizing the nursing process to 
implement primary, secondary, and tertiary intervention modes with clients 
experiencing actual or potential common health stressors. Co-requisite: NURS 
310. Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours; six clock hours. 

NURS 313. Nursing Interventions with Special Populations 
(Childbearing Family) - A focus on the pregnant woman, neonate, and fam- 
ily and the commonly experienced stressors of this population during the 
childbearing process. Pre/Co-requisites: NURS 300 and 310/310C. Co-requi- 
site: NURS 31 3C. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours; three 
clock hours. 



NURS 320. Complex Client System Stressors and Reactions - A presen- 
tation of complex actual or potential stressors that interfere with client health 
status. Through the use of the nursing process, primary, secondary, and terti- 
ary intervention modes arc discussed. Prerequisites: Nursing 300, 310/310C. 
Co-requisite: NURS 320C. Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours; three clock hours. 

NURS 320C. Complex Client System Stressors Clinical - A practicum 
experience providing opportunities within a variety of clinical settings to uti- 
lize the nursing process to implement primary, secondary, and tertiarv inter- 
vention modes with clients experiencing actual or potential complex stressors. 
Co-requisite: NURS 320. Offered spring term each year. Two semester hours; 
six clock hours. 

NURS 323. Nursing Interventions with Special Populations (Infants, 
Children, and Adolescents) - A focus on the developmental, potential, and 
commonly experienced physiological and psychosocial stressors of infants, 
children, adolescents, and their families. Nursing interventions specific to 
these stressors are presented. Prerequisites: NURS 313/313C. Co-requisite: 
323C. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours; three clock 
hours. 

NURS 323C. Nursing Interventions with Special Populations (Infants, 
Children, and Adolescents) Clinical - A clinical practicum experience in a 
variety of community based settings. Students are expected to identify and 
implement primary, secondary, and/or tertiary nursing interventions specific 
to the stressors commonly experienced by infants, children, adolescents, and 
their families. Co-requisite: NURS 323. Offered spring term each year. Two 
semester hours; six clock hours. 

NURS 340. End of Life /Palliative Care - A focus on the critical aspects of 
end of life care including palliative care; pain management; symptom control; 
ethical/legal issues; cultural considerations; communication; grief, loss, and 
bereavement; preparation and care for the time of death; and achieving quali- 
ty care at the end of life. Identified themes of the course curriculum include: 
the family as the unit of care; role of the caregiver as advocate; importance of 
culture as an influence at the end of life; critical needs of special populations 
such as children, the elderly, the poor, and the uninsured; critical financial 
issues in the end of life care; palliative care across all life threatening illness 
and in sudden death; and the interdisciplinary approach for quality care at the 
end of life. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

NURS 350. Introduction to Nursing Research - A focus on developing an 
understanding and use of nursing research as a basis for professional nursing 
practice. Students are introduced to the steps of the research process and cri- 
tique. Pre/Co-requisite: MATH 213. Offered spring term each year. Three 
semester hours; three clock hours. 

NURS 390. Independent Study - Special topics and/or experiences not 
addressed within the curriculum and non-substitutable for required courses in 
the major but of special interest to the student. Course work is accomplished 
independently under a pre-approved contract with a designated faculty mem- 
ber. Prerequisite: departmental approval for the proposal. To be arranged. 
One to three semester hours; one to three clock hours. 



NURS 313C. Nursing Interventions with Special Populations 
(Childbearing Family) Clinical - A clinical practicum experience wherein 
students are expected to identify and implement primary, secondary, and/or 
tertiary nursing interventions specific to the stressors associated with the 
childbearing family. Co-requisite: NURS 313. Offered fall term each year. Two 
semester hours; six clock hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



112 nursing (B.S.N.) 



Ail required nursing 300 level courses must be completed 
before a student may advance to nursing 400 level courses. 
Exceptions to this policy are nursing electives that may be 
taken with instructor permission in unusual individual circum- 
stances. 

NLKS 403. Nursing Interventions with Special Populations (Psych) - A 



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h :rL" r.rrir. ir.1 cfeagra ir_z imp-iement irtr: :r^:t primarv. secondarr or 
fiardarj pjEWEjarioni iffl&anramrkms. Co-requisite; NL7RS 422. Offered sptiog 
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ixnd its praaahoners- Economic, soda! cultural, legal, ethical, and political 
.rs_rr z^z t.::_;r:t -. zzt.izz. z z l 7r^srian Toddriew and professional 
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in last semester of nursing aaiTJcarum. Offered spring term each Tear. One 
semester hour. 

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o |i^ M M Jiij jraty so assist and funchon in a parish rn-mrmg role, proTiding health 
ipromodoin opportumnes "wtmioa seek tto unite the phTsical and spiritual 

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oojmse that prosiies a focus on the complex, critical, and potenrJaThr life- 
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occupational therapy (M.S.O.T.) 113 



Master of Science in 
Occupational Therapy 
(M.S.O.T.) 



The Master of Science in Occupational Therapy degree program supports the 
following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agencies; mentoring, nurturing, and protecting others; and 
displaying increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 
tures. 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts and the 
natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

The Master of Science in Occupational Therapy degree program promotes 
integration and utilization of theory and practice in the art and science of 
occupational therapy and prepares students to meet the entry-level standards 
of the American Occupational Therapy Association. 

The Master of Science in Occupational Therapy degree program is designed 
for students who have an earned bachelor's degree and who have completed 
the prerequisite requirements for admission to the program. Baccalaureate 
degrees can be in a variety of academic areas, some of which include human 
performance and exercise science, human development, sociology, biology, 
and psychology. 



Accreditation 

The occupational therapy program at Milligan College is accredited by the 
Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE), a divi- 
sion of The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), located at 
4720 Montgomery Lane, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220. Their 
phone number is 301-652-AOTA. Graduates of the program will be eligible 
to sit for the national certification examination for the occupational therapist 
administered by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy 
(NBCOT). Beginning January 1, 2007, occupational therapy educational pro- 
grams will only be accredited at the post baccalaureate degree level. 

After successful completion of this exam, the individual will be an 
Occupational Therapist, Registered (OTR). In addition, most states require 
licensure in order to practice; however, state licenses are usually based on the 
results of the NBCOT Certification Examination. (Applicants should note 
that previous conviction of a felony may affect a graduate's ability to sit for 
the NBCOT certification examination or attain licensure.) One hundred per- 
cent of graduates from Milligan College's MSOT program have found 
employment in the field of occupational therapy or an occupational therapy- 
related position. 



Goals 

The following goals are expected upon completion of the professional cur- 
riculum and arise directly from the missions of the College and the profes- 
sional program and from the program's philosophy. By the time of graduation 
from this curriculum, the student should: (1) Demonstrate professional-level 
competencies necessary for practice as an occupational therapist in health care 
and human service delivery systems; (2) Apply accepted principles of scientif- 
ic inquiry to the study of problems in health and human service delivery; (3) 
Demonstrate the management skills necessary for the service delivery of 
occupational therapy; (4) Demonstrate professional and caring attitudes and 
values consistent with the practice of occupational therapy; (5) Assume a 
leadership role in advancing the field of occupational therapy. 



Financial Information 

Tuition is $460 per semester hour for the 2005-2006 school year. A non- 
refundable application fee of $30 is required with the application. For infor- 
mation regarding financial aid, please refer to the financial aid section of the 
catalog. 



Library 



The P.H. Welshimer Library supports the program by providing access to 
over 600 scholarly journals including the leading journals in occupational ther- 
apy. Numerous electronic databases (Psychology Abstracts, Sociology 
Abstracts, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) are 
also available. In addition to the Welshimer Library, students and faculty have 
access to the Occupational Therapy Program Professional Resource Center, 
and the libraries of Emmanuel School of Religion, East Tennessee State 
University (main campus and medical school), and the Holston Associated 
Libraries, Inc. (HAL). 

HAL consists of Milligan and five additional libraries in the region. The com- 
puter system displays in each library the holdings of all six libraries in a 
shared catalog. Due dates are shown for materials that are checked out of 
each library. Materials are readily lent among the libraries. Many additional 
features of the system enhance information exchange and resource sharing. 
Through these agreements, Milligan students have access to many materials 
beyond the considerable holdings of the Welshimer Library. Further, mem- 
bership in the Southeastern Library Network provides interlibrary loan access 
to the holdings of thousands of additional libraries worldwide. 



Professional Resource Center 

The Professional Resource Center houses an extensive collection of evalua- 
tive instruments, videotapes, and treatment equipment. A computer cluster 
and workspace where students can explore Internet resources, perform data 
analysis for research projects, and produce multimedia presentations is part of 
the Center. The Resource Center is available to therapists in the community as 
well as the students of the program. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



114 occupational therapy (M.S.O.T.) 



Admission Requirements 

The minimum requirements for admission to the M.S.O.T. program are as 
follows: 

1. An undergraduate degree with overall undergraduate grade point 
average of 3.0 

2. Volunteer experience in a variety of occupational therapy clinical 
settings with a minimum of 40 documented hours or a disability 
related work/volunteer experience with the proper documentation 

3. Combined GRE scores of at least 1000 (verbal + quantitative) 

4. TOEFL score of at least 550 (international students) 

5. Two completed reference forms from persons who have adequate 
knowledge of the applicant's Christian commitment, character, and 
professional qualities of potential for success as a graduate student 

6. A completed baccalaureate degree that includes the following pre- 
requisite courses: 

Math and Science (9 - 12 hrs; 4 hrs of which must be a com- 
bined anatomy and physiology course) 
Social Science (9 hrs) 

Communication (VTritten and Verbal) (6 hrs) 
Medical Terminology (1-3 hrs) 

(Substitution or waiver of requirement for anv of the above prerequisite 
courses may be granted by the occupational therapy program admissions 
committee on an individual basis.) 

Prospective students meeting the minimum admission criteria will be invited 
to a brief individual interview- and completion of a writing sample. Final 
selection of students will be made bv the admissions committee of the occu- 
pational therapv program and will be based on weighted scores obtained 
from the grade point average and the required admission visit. Matriculation 
of a cohort of new students is contingent upon an adequate number of 
admitted applicants. 



Provisional Standing 



Students mav be admitted to the occupational therapy program with one or 
more of the prerequisite requirements not met Admission is made on an 
individual basis by the occupational therapy admissions committee and is 
based, in part, on the student's potential for success in the program. 

Provisional status is designated for a maximum of two semesters. Students 
who do not meet the objectives set forth in their provisional standing will be 
placed on probationary status and given one semester for resolution of the 
provisional objectives. 

Students who have been provisio nall y admitted due to low GPA (GPA below 
3.0) must achieve a 3.0 or better cumulative GPA during the first two semes- 
ters in the program. Provisional students who achieve this level of perform- 
ance will be awarded full standing in the program. 

Students who have been provisionally admitted due to course deficiency must 
successfully complete (3.0 or better grade for each course) those courses by 
the end of the second semester of the program. Students are strongly 
encouraged to complete all prerequisite course work prior to starting the aca- 
demic program. Admittance to the program due to incomplete prerequisite 
courses is not guaranteed and is considered to be an exception to accepted 
program policv. 



Academic Probation and 
Retention Standards 

Retention in the occupational therapy program is based on a combination of 
academic performance and adherence to the program's Technical Standards 
for Admission and Retention and/or the Occupational Therapy Code of 
Ethics for Students (see Occupational Therapv Student Manual for a detailed 
overview of the Technical Standards and statement of Occupational Therapv 
Code of Ethics for students). Specific standards include but are not limited 
to the following: 

1 . The student must maintain a cumulative grade point average of 
"B" (3.0) to graduate from the occupational therapy program. 

2. The student must earn a grade of at least "C" in non-core courses 
within the program. 

3. The student must earn a grade of at least "B" in all core (theory 
and practice courses) courses. 

4. Failure to comply with the above standards will necessitate pro- 
gram faculty action that includes, but is not limited to: repetition 
of specific courses, fulfillment of additional requirements, academ- 
ic probation, and/ or dismissal from the program. 



Transfer Credit 

Transfer credit is generally not permitted because of the program accredita- 
tion requirements. Special circumstances may warrant permission of transfer 
credit. The program faculty council and admissions committee will make 
determination of transfer credit. 



Time Limits for Completion 
Requirements 

All students are admitted to the occupational therapy program on a full-time 
basis. Completion of all degree requirements on a full-time basis will take a 
minim um of two and one-half years. In exceptional cases, part-time status 
may be granted. Part-time students must complete all degree requirements 
within a period defined by the faculty council of the occupational therapy 
program. This time period must not exceed six years. Students must complete 
their clinical affiliations within 24 months of completing their classroom 
work. 



Grade Requirements for Graduation 

Students must achieve a 3.0 average for graduation. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



occupational therapy (M.S.O.T.) 115 



Curriculum and Course Sequence 

The 80-hour curriculum includes course work in three essential components: 
basic skills, the occupational therapy process, and capstone experiences. The 
first component builds on the student's previous undergraduate education by 
providing applied science courses along with an introduction to the profes- 
sion of occupational therapy. The second component is the core of the cur- 
riculum and includes courses about the study of occupation, normal life span 
development, and wellness with integration of the major theories and practice 
methods of occupational therapy. These courses are completed primarily dur- 
ing the second semester of the first year and the first semester of the second 
year. The final component of the curriculum is designed to facilitate the 
refinement of the student's critical thinking and entry-level occupational dier- 
apy clinical skills. The student is expected to integrate previously acquired 
knowledge into efficient and effective critical thinking. It is during this phase 
of die curriculum that the student completes a minimum of six months of 
clinical fieldwork or internship. 

In addition, the student is expected to complete either an original research 
project or an individual master's thesis. 

The courses and the clinical experiences are designed to develop the knowl- 
edge and skills of the highest national standards. The teaching faculties are 
dedicated professionals prepared to offer applied science and skills courses at 
the advanced level. 



Course Descriptions 

OT 501. Diagnostic Considerations for Occupational Therapy - A study 
of selected disease processes and conditions in all age groups. Problems pre- 
sented in motor, sensory, cognitive, interpersonal, self-care, productivity, and 
leisure areas that may be seen by occupational therapists as a result of patho- 
physiological dysfunction. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

OT 502. Clinical Psychopathology - A review of major mental disorders 
and mental health problems including clinical descriptions, etiology, medical 
management, and treatment. A clinical team approach and legal issues of 
mental health are presented. Offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

OT 510. Christ and Calling in Health Care - A seminar class designed to 
help students integrate their faith into health service provision and adminis- 
tration. Issues addressed include exploration of Christ as a healer, exploration 
of self and one's calling, scientific study of the impact of religion on health 
care, appropriate avenues of ministry in health care, and how to surmount 
obstacles to compassion in American health care culture. Offered fall term 
each year. One semester hour. 

OT 531. Musculoskeletal Anatomy - A regional study of human muscular 
and skeletal anatomy with particular emphasis on the back and upper extremi- 
ty. Course includes cadaver dissection, demonstration, and lecture. Offered 
fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

OT 532. Functional Neuroanatomy - A presentation of human neu- 
roanatomy with implications for abnormality and subsequent therapy treat- 
ment. The course includes the study of the human nervous system specimens 
in a laboratory setting. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

OT 535. Kinesiology-Human Movement - A study of the principles of 
human movement including analysis of biomechanics, joint structure and 
function, muscle physiology, and musculoskeletal function. An introduction is 
given to methods to improve movement quality in functional performance. 
Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

OT 560. Fundamentals of Occupational Therapy - A foundation (history, 
organization, personnel, and their respective roles) for the development of 



the clinical aspects of occupational therapy practice. Emphasis is on the phi- 
losophy of using activity analysis as a foundation for clinical reasoning. 
Teaching theory and learning styles are included. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semester hours. 

OT 580. Research Design and Methods in Occupational Therapy I - An 

introduction to research design with emphasis on occupational therapy litera- 
ture and skill development in review of research literature, formulation of 
problem statements, research design, and critical analysis of published 
research. Research methodology is reviewed with emphasis on recognizing 
and dealing with threats to methodological validity and reliability. Students 
identify research interests with occupational therapy applications or focus. 
Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

OT 605. Lifespan Occupational Development I - The study of normal 
occupational development of infants through adolescence with emphasis 
upon the functional roles typical for children within a variety of cultural set- 
tings, i.e. self-care, play, school, family, and friend relationships. Activities and 
tasks reflective of role functioning are analyzed. Offered spring term each 
year. Two semester hours. 

OT 606. Lifespan Occupational Development II - The study of normal 
occupational development of young adulthood through older adulthood with 
emphasis upon the functional roles typical for adults within a variety of cul- 
tural settings, i.e., self-care, care of others, work, leisure, family, and communi- 
ty interactions. Activities and tasks reflective of role functioning are analyzed. 
Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours. 

OT 607. Professional Writing in Occupational Therapy - Instruction in 
and practice of professional documentation, documentation for reimburse- 
ment, and letter-writing skills necessary in the practice of occupational thera- 
py. Offered spring term each year. One semester hour. 

OT 610. Play /Leisure - The exploration of play/leisure as a primary per- 
formance area of occupational therapy. Laboratory experience in play/leisure 
skills evaluation and training for the physically, mentally, and cognitively dis- 
abled. This course emphasizes evaluation and training with a life-span per- 
spective. Strategies that promote adaptation to disabilities and that increase 
role independence include: using play/leisure activities in therapeutic interven- 
tion, adapting media and play/leisure tasks to specific disabling conditions. 
Offered fall term each year. Two semester hours. 

OT 615. Work Programs in Occupational Therapy: Principles and 
Practice - Major vocational theories will be explored. The assessment and 
intervention of work dysfunction related to physical, cognitive, and mental 
impairments are addressed. Assessment and intervention skills include: prevo- 
cational, job analysis, work/function capacity, and ergonomics. Legal issues 
related to the Americans with Disabilities Act, Individual with Disabilities 
Education Act, workers' compensation, and Social Security Disability are 
included. Opportunities for occupational therapists to serve as consultants to 
various industries are explored. Offered spring term each year. Two semester 
hours. 

OT 620. Activities of Daily Living - Laboratory experience in the evalua- 
tion, intervention, and training of basic and instrumental activities of daily 
living for the physically, mentally, and cognitively disabled. This course focus- 
es on a range of implementation strategies including enviromental adaptation, 
use and design of adaptive equipment, restructuring cognitive complexity and 
training caregivers to assist individuals in regaining dunctional independence 
in meaningful activities. Offered spring term each year. Two semester hours. 

OT 625. Techniques of Splinting in Occupational Therapy - A lecture 
and laboratory course that provides supervised experiences in the construc- 
tion of splints and their use as a therapeutic modality. Offered spring term 
each year. Two semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



116 occupational therapy (M.S.O.T.) 



OT 631. Psychosocial Theory and Practice - The study and application of 
psychosocial components of occupational therapv practice including me 
development and maintenance of the therapeutic relationship, evaluation and 
treatment of cognitive/perceptual deficits, and the application of theories of 
psychosocial intervention such as the Model of Human Occupation. Offered 
spring term each year. Four semester hours. 

OT 632. Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics - A developmental approach 
to principles of occupational therapy with infants and children, including 
evaluation, treatment planning treatment techniques, discharge planning and 
working with caregivers. Offered spring term each year. Five semester hours. 

OT 642. Adult Physical Dysfunction Theory and Practice - A develop- 
mental approach to principles of occupational therapy with adolescents and 
adults, including evaluation, treatment planning, treatment techniques, dis- 
charge p lanning ^ and working with families. Offered fall term each year. Five 
semester hours. 

OT 651. Group Process (Therapeutic Groups in Occupational Therapy) 
- A presentation of group theory and group dynamics. The instruction in 
basic group skills includes selecting a theory base, designing groups, writing 
group protocols, analyzing group activities, implementing specific group tech- 
niques, and evaluating progress of group members. Offered fall term each 
year. Three semester hours. 

OT 652. Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics - A developmental approach 
to principles of occupational therapy for the older adult including evaluation, 
treatment planning, treatment techniques, discharge p lanning and working 
with care providers. Offered spring term each year. One semester hour. 

OT 680. Research Design and Methods in Occupational Therapy II - A 
continuation of OT 580 with an emphasis on sampling techniques, survey 
construction, grant writing, and advanced critique and analysis of published 
research. Offered spring term each year. One semester hour. 

OT 685. Research Data Analysis - A practical review of basis data analysis 
techniques used in qualitative and quantitative research formats, including 
experience in using SPSS data analy sis software. Offered spring term each 
vear. Two semester hours. 

OT 691A Fieldwork Level IA - Introductory fieldwork level I experiences 
in the area of pediatric occupational therapy under the supervision of clini- 
cians. Offered spring term each year. One semester hour. 



OT "10. Occupation Therapy Service Management - The study of the 
occupational therapist's role in service management and the health care sys- 
tem. Professional values, attitudes, ethics, and standards are emphasized. The 
studv involves skill development in consultation, continuous quality improve- 
ment, program evaluation, strategic p lanning ^ marketing, and budgeting. 
Trends in health care and third-party reimbursement are examined. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

OT "40. Advanced Clinical Reasoning Seminar - Sc~^r^r thai ^rerirej 
students for Level II fieldwork and entry level occupational therapy positions 
through integration of clinical reasoning principles and academic knowledge. 
Issues that affect the student's successful entry into the field of occupational 
therapv including professional behaviors, licensure and legislation, and in- 
depth review and preparation for the NBCOT examination will be included. 
Offered spring term each vear. Two semester hours. 

OT "50. Specialization Elective - A course directed toward students' being 
exposed to a rlini ral area of practice of their own choosing. Offered spring 
term each year. A total of two semester hours. 

OT "80A B, and C. Directed Research/Thesis Preparation - Group 
research project supervised by appropriate faculty. Students will participate in 
one hour in conjunction with OT 680 and 685. During the final semester of 
their research, students will takp two hours of directed research credit in 
order to prepare for defense and presentation of their research project. 
Offered fall and spring terms of each year. One semester hour for 780A and 
B and two semester hours for 780G 

OT "9LV Fieldwork Level DA - A full-time supervised clinical experience 
designed to develop entry-level professional s kills consisting of a three- 
month full-time affiliation in a selected treatment setting. Offered every term. 
Five semester hours. 

OT "91B. Fieldwork Level HB - A full-time supervised rlini ral experience 
designed to develop entry-level professional skills, consisting of a three- 
month full-time affiliation in a selected treatment setting. Offered every term. 
Five semester hours. 

OT "91C. Level Fieldwork IIC (optional) - A full-time supervised rliniral 
experience in a specialized area. A minimum of six weeks duration is 
required. Offered every term. One to five semester hours. 



OT 691B. Fieldwork Level IB - Introductory fieldwork level I experiences 
in the area of psychosocial occupational therapy settings under the supervi- 
sion of clinicians. Offered spring term each vear. One semester hour. 

OT 691C. Fieldwork Level IC - Introductory fieldwork level I experience in 
the area of physical dysfunction occupational therapy settings under the 
supervision of clinicians. Offered fall term each year. One semester hour. 

OT 695A Clinical Reasoning Seminar - A seminar that accompanies field- 
work level L\ in pediatrics. Students begin to integrate rliniral observations 
and experiences with evaluations, treatment planning, and treatment imple- 
mentation. Offered spring term each year. No credit. 

OT 695B. Clinical Reasoning Seminar - A seminar that accompanies the 
fieldwork level IB with persons who have psychosocial disabilities. Students 
will begin to integrate rliniral observations and experiences with evaluations, 
treatment planning, and treatment implementation. Offered fall term each 
year. No credit. 



OT 695C. Clinical Reasoning Seminar - A seminar that accompanies field- 
work level IC with adult physical disabilities. Students will begin to integrate 
clinical observations and experiences with evaluations, treatment p lanning and 
treatment implementation. Offered fall term each year. No credit. 



milligan college academic catalog ■ 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



philosophy \ photography 117 



Philosophy 

Area of Humane Learning 

The philosophy minor supports the following goal of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to read 
and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and effective- 
ly, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts . . . and to 
understand a significant body of material in their major fields of study. 

Philosophy involves a thorough examination of the most fundamental ques- 
tions facing human beings. At Milligan, courses in philosophy are designed to 
foster the ability to think critically and analytically, communicate clearly and 
logically, interact with the philosophic tradition, and explore the relationship 
between philosophy and the Christian faith. Courses in philosophy also aid 
students in acquiring the intellectual skills needed for integrating knowledge in 
all areas of human inquiry. As a result, the philosophy minor helpfully com- 
plements nearly any major in the liberal arts, offering additional training and 
experience in critical thinking. Students planning to attend seminary or law 
school are particularly encouraged to consider the benefits of a philosophy 



Philosophy minor (18 hrs) 

Three hours from HUMN 101, 102, 201, 202 (3 hrs) 
Philosophy electives (15 hrs) 



Course Descriptions 



PHIL 301. Plato and Aristotle - An introduction to the ancient philosophi- 
cal traditions that have shaped and continue to shape the West. Focuses pri- 
marily on the works of Plato and Aristotle but also attends to the so-called 
Pre-Socratics and to some later Hellenistic and Roman philosophers. Offered 
occasionally. Three semester hours. 

PHIL 302. Modern Western Philosophy and Its Critics - An introduction 
to several modern philosophical traditions that have shaped and continue to 
shape the West. Focuses not only on important modernist philosophers (such 
as Descartes, Locke, and Kant), but also their modernist and postmodernist 
critics. Offered occasionally. Three semester hours. 

PHIL 321. Ethics - An introduction to the character of ethical reflection 
through the study of important philosophical texts and traditions of moral 
reflection, as well as through contemporary literature and film. Offered fall 
term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

PHIL 350. Religions of the World - An introduction to a wide variety of 
religious traditions, such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and others. 
This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in the general educa- 
tion core. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. Same as 
Religion 350. 

PHIL 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
One to three semester hours. 

PHIL 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. One to three semester hours. 

PHIL 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. One to three 
semester hours. 



Photography 

Area of Performing, Visual and Communicative Arts 

A student may declare a fine arts major with a photography emphasis. For 
further information on this major, refer to the information under the listing 
of fine arts. 

The photography minor fits well with numerous majors including but not lim- 
ited to Bible, business administration, communications, and humanities. The 
study of photography may serve to foster students' avocational interests as 
well as prepare them for more concentrated photography studies in the 
future. 



Fine Arts major - B.A. (37 hrs) 

Photography emphasis 

For more information on the Fine Arts major with photography emphasis, 
see "Fine Arts." 



Photography minor (18 hrs) 

ART 237 Basic Photography (3 hrs) 

ART 310 Intermediate Photography (3 hrs) 

ART 312 Introduction to Color Photography (3 hrs) 

ART 337 Photojournalism (3 hrs) 

ART 366 History of Photography (3 hrs) 

ART 490 Directed Studies or an equivalent (3 hrs) 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



118 physical education | physical science 



Physical Education 

Area of Education 

The physical education minor supports the following goals of Milligan 
College; 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

■ Students will participate in the activities of a healthy lifestyle such as 
intramurals, intercollegiate sports, musical and theatrical groups, student 
clubs, student government, and other campus-sponsored extracurricular 
endeavors, in preparation for life-long participation in s imil ar activities. 

The skills and knowledge gained through the physical education minor allow 
students to pursue jobs in community, school, recreational, or industrial set- 
tings and provides a springboard into various graduate programs. Additional 
courses are required for teacher licensure. 



HPXS major - B.A. or B.S. (39 hrs) 

Physical education emphasis 

For more information about the Human Performance and Exercise Science 
major with physical education emphasis, see "Human Performance and 
Exercise Science." 



K-12 teacher licensure program 

HPXS majors with an emphasis 
in physical education (see "HPXS) 

HPXS 151 and 152 Fall/Spring Season Team Sports (2 hrs) 

HPXS 204 Swimming or 205 Lifeguarding (1 hr) 

HPXS 207 Principles of Strength Training (2 hrs) 

HPXS 208 Folk Dance and Rhythmical Activities (1 hr) 

HPXS 271 Foundations of Wellness (3 hrs) 

HPXS 301 Teaching Individual and Dual Sports (2 hrs) 

HPXS 308 Measurement and Evaluation (3 hrs) 

HPXS 310a First Aid and CPR (1 hr) 

HPXS 312 Introduction, History, and Philosophy of Physical Education 

(3 hrs) 
HPXS 341 Exercise Physiology (4 hrs) 
HPXS 350 Elementary Physical Education Methods (4 hrs) 
HPXS 352 Kinesiology and Biomechanics (4 hrs) 
HPXS 370 Secondary Physical Education Methods (3 hrs) 
HPXS 404 Organization and Management of Physical Education and 

Sports (3 hrs) 
HPXS 406 Adapted Physical Education (3 hrs) 

Approval to student teach is granted to students who have been fully admit- 
ted to the professional level of the teacher education program and who main- 
tain eligibiligy at that level. In addition to meeting established minimum grade 
point averages and Tennessee-approved PPST scores, approval to student 
teacher requires: 

1. Maintaining a minumum overall 2.75 grade-point average 

2. Earning a minimum grade of C- in all required teacher 
education courses in the program of study 

3. Obtaining liability insurance 



4. Verification of CPR and/or first aid proficiency 

5. Documentation of emerging teaching competencies in a 
portfolio 

6. Positive review by the Admission and Retention Committee 

Additional courses required for licensure: 

EDUC 150 Introduction to Education (2 hrs) 
EDUC 1 52 Technology in Education (1 hr) 
EDUC 455 Student Teaching K-12 (12 hrs) 
EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar (1 hr) 
PSYC 253 Child Development (3 hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program see the 
Education: Licensure Programs section of the catalog. 



Physical Education minor (20 hrs) 

HPXS 101 Fitness for Life (1 hr) 

HPXS 151 Fall Season Team Sports or 152 Spring Season Team Sports 

(lhr) 
HPXS 271 Foundations of Wellness (3 hrs) 
HPXS 301 Teaching Individual and Dual Sports (2 hrs) 
HPXS 308 Measurement and Evaluation (3 hrs) 
HPXS 310a First Aid and CPR (1 hr) 
HPXS 312 Introduction, History, and Philosophy of Physical Education 

(3 hrs) 
HPXS 404 Organization and Management of Physical Education and 

Sports (3 hrs) 
HPXS 406 Adapted Physical Education (3 hrs) 



Physical Science 

Area of Scientific Learning 

The physical science minor supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major field of study. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through awareness of 
health issues, appreciation for both the arts and sciences, stewardship of 
resources, and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding career 
or profession. 

■ Students mav seek to have a general exposure to the fields of chemistry 
and physics through the physical science minor. The flexibility which 
this minor allows a student who is interested in science as a complement 
to their chosen major may encourage more students to pursue their 
interest in the physical sciences. 



Physical Science minor (20 hrs) 

CHEM 151 Organic and Physiological Chemistry for Non-majors (4 

hrs) 
CHEM 170 and 171 General Chemistry (8 hrs) 
PHYS 104 Earth and Space Science (4 hrs) 
PHYS 203 General Physics /Calculus (4 hrs) 



physics 119 



Physics 

Area of Scientific Learning 



The physics course offerings are intended to prepare the student with a back- 
ground appropriate to career pursuits. Physics 104 Earth and Space Science is 
intended to give non-science majors a broad exposure to general concepts. 
Physics 203 and 204 General Physics/Calculus are the required one-year 
physics sequence taken by most science majors. 

PHYS 104. Earth and Space Science - A study of the structure and 
mechanical principles of the universe. Recommended for students with back- 
grounds in high school algebra and science. Not applicable toward a science 
major except for those pursuing middle grades licensure. Offered every term. 
Four semester hours. 

PHYS 203-204. General Physics/Calculus - A study of the fundamental 
principles of mechanics and thermodynamics in the first semester and elec- 
tricity and magnetism, wave motions, sound, light, and modern physics in the 
second semester. Prerequisite: Mathematics 21 1 or consent of the instructor. 
Offered as a year sequence beginning with the fall term every year. Four 
semester hours each semester. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



120 political science 



Political Science 

Area of Social Learning 

The political science minor is designed for those who wish to study law, pre- 
pare for government service, or teach in a school setting. Political science 
might be taken as a valuable adjunct to a major in history or business admin- 
istration and economics. (Also see American Studies Program.) 



POLS 304. Global Political Economies - A survev of the economic, politi- 
cal, and social effects of globalization both domestically and internationally. 
Emphasis is given to understanding the influence of governmental institu- 
tions and regulations upon individual societies. Topics include administrative 
law, antitrust law, comparative law, employment law, consumer protection, 
securities regulation, and international trade. This course fulfills the ethnic 
studies course requirement in the general education core. Offered spring term 
each vear. Three semester hours. 



The political science min or supports the following goals of NEUigan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
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effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant bodv 
of material in their major fields of study. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibilitr in numerous ways. 

The political science min or provides a broad foundation in the study of the 
political process, the function of government and governmental agencies, 
and the relationships among levels of government as well as the peoples 
served by those gove rn ments and- their agencies. Students completing this 
minor will: (1) gain a knowledge foundation which they might apply to their 
major area of study; (2) be conversant with me objectives and functions of 
government agencies; (3) display through their writing and participation in 
classes within the minor an increasing knowledge and appreciation of the 
responsibilities, tasks, and limits of governments/agencies; (4) demonstrate 
an awareness of the roles of citizenship at the local and broader levels. 



Political Science minor (18 hrs) 

POLS 202 American National Government (3 hrs) 
POLS 203 State and Local Government (3 hrs) 
POLS 402 Political Theory (Ideology) (3 rs 
LS 320 Constitutional Law (3 his) 
Six hours of political science electives 



History majors pursuing 
Secondary teaching licensure 

History majors pursuing secondary teaching licensure mav add a government 
endorsement by adding this min or and appropriate student teaching experi- 
ence to their program of study. 



Course Descriptions 



POLS 202. American National Government - A survev of the principles 
of the American federal system and a study of the structure and function of 
the national government. Special attention is given to the historical develop- 
ment of the American Constitution and the judicial branch of the govern- 
ment as arbiter in determining the respective limits of national and state 
power. Selected Court cases are studied. Offered fall term alternate vears. 
Three semester hours. 

POLS 203. State and Local Government - A studv of the structure and 
function of state and local governments in the United States and the political 
environment in which they east. Prerequisite: Political Science 202. Offered 
fall term alternate vears. Three semester hours. 



POLS 320. ConstitutionaLl Law - A survey of the historical development of 
the American Constitution with emphasis on the role of the judicial branch 
of the government as arbiter in determining the respective limits on national 
and state power, in protecting the individual against the national and state 
activity which offends the Bill of Rights and other constitutional guarantees 
of liberty and property, and in securing civil rights. Selected Supreme Court 
cases wfll be studied. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

POLS 350. The Supreme Court in American History - An examination of 
the personalities, procedures, and rulings of the US- Supreme Court, from its 
inception to today, from an historical perspective. Offered fall semester alter- 
nate years. Three semester hours. 

POLS 360. The Presidency - An emphasis upon topics regarding the 
President of the Uriited States. The course focuses upon some particular 
aspect of the office such as budgeting rather than serve as a general review. 
Two semester hours. Available usually in American Studies Program. 

POLS 361. Domestic Politics - The content of the course varies with each 
offering. Possible topics include human life legislation, the United States 
Congress, and other contemporary issues. Two semester hours. Available usu- 
ally in American Studies Program. 

POLS 3"0. International Affairs - A study of issues relating to problems 
facing the United States in international relations. The course focuses upon a 
topic such as nuclear proliferation or disarmament. Two semester hours. 
Available usually in American Studies Program. 

POLS 402. Political Theory (Ideology) - A comparative study of four con- 
temporary ideologies-Fascism, Communism, Conservatism, and liberalism- 
and their implications for the state, the individual, progress, leaders and fol- 
lowers, freedom, justice, fraternity, etc Offered spring term ahrreaw years. 
T.-.r;; >t~ ti~.tr i: -z~ 

POLS 489. Directed Readings - Supervised independent readings for a 
greater depth or a different approach than provided in other courses. 
Prerequisite: Political Science 202. To be arranged. One to three semester 

hours. 

POLS 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. TBA. One to three semester hours. 

POLS 491. Field ^ork - A practicum experience that involves the student in 
a supervised position in government for the joint purpose of learning about 
government and possible professional choices. Prerequisite: Political Science 
202. To be arranged. One to three semester hours. 

POLS 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular coarse 
offerings. Topics considered varv from semester to semester. Prerequisite: 
Political Science 202. To be announced. One to three semester hours. 



POLS 290. Independent Study - Eidividualized studv to enable the student 
either to study material in a field not now in the curriculum or to facilitate an 
individualized approach in a field not now covered in a single course. Not 
open to freshmen. To be arranged. One to three semester hours. 



mfligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.mMgTn.edu 



pre-professional programs | psychology 121 



Pre-Professional 
Programs 

(Medical and Law students) 

The pre-medical and pre-dental programs at Milligan College are highly com- 
petitive and quite variable, depending upon the student's choice of major and 
minor. Milligan College graduates have generally been successful in obtaining 
admission to medical and dental schools throughout the nation. Additional 
information may be obtained from the pre-medical and pre-dental advisers. 

Milligan College does not recommend or offer a major in "pre-law" as such. 
This stand is in keeping with both the broad educational philosophy of 
Milligan College and the philosophy expressed by the Statement of the 
Association of American Law Schools on Prelegal Education. American law 
schools do not encourage the undergraduate student to "learn the law," but 
rather stress the necessity of the pre-law student's acquiring certain compre- 
hensive skills, such as "comprehension and expression in words," "critical 
understanding of human institutions and values," and the development of 
"creative power of thinking." While a student planning for a specific phase of 
the law (e.g., tax law) may find certain undergraduate majors or courses desir- 
able (e.g., business or accounting), any solid academic major is equally accept- 
able to American law schools and recommended by Milligan College. 

Students considering law school who wish to have exposure to foundational 
legal subjects are encouraged to obtain a minor in Legal Studies. The courses 
in Milligan's Legal Studies minor are designed to enhance knowledge of the 
American legal system, the legal profession and foundational legal topics. 
Embracing a Christian world-view, the Legal Studies minor will help students 
develop an appreciation for the unique responsibility Christian legal profes- 
sionals have in society. 

The baccalaureate degree is conferred by Milligan College upon a student 
who enters a standard medical or law college before completion of the bac- 
calaureate degree, subject to the following conditions: (1) Completion of six 
semesters or ninety hours in residence in Milligan College; (2) Fulfillment of 
all general education requirements and completion of a minor; and (3) 
Submission to the registrar of the credits earned in the medical or law school. 



Psychology 

Area of Social Learning 

The mission of the psychology major at Milligan College is related to the 
objectives of the College. Students who pursue the study of psychology are 
challenged to display sound scholarship in the field through their reading and 
analyzing sources within the realm of psychology. The students should be 
familiar with and able to communicate their familiarity and analyses clearly 
and effectively. The students should be able to use this knowledge base in 
psychology to appreciate areas of the Lord's creation and to understand the 
inter-relatedness of all learning. Students of psychology should display a 
sense of ministry through their knowledge of psychology and a willingness 
to use their knowledge in service and ministry to others. 

The specific objectives of the psychology major are: 

■ When completing the program of study, students should be familiar 
with the knowledge bases within the study of psychology. Examples of 
these bases include, but are not limited to, lifespan development, 
research methodology, statistical tools, personality, systems and history 
of the field. 

■ Students should be reading and appreciating research in the fields of 
psychology at increasing levels of sophistication as the students 
progress through the psychology program. 

■ Students should be able to communicate in written and verbal media 
their knowledge and comprehension of psychology. 

■ Students should be able to generate research. 

■ Students should develop a tolerance and appreciation of persons who 
differ from themselves in culture, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, age, 
gender, and other characteristics. 

The psychology curriculum emphasizes the principles and applications of 
substantive psychological knowledge both as a natural science and as a social 
science. The major and minor provide a broad background in psychology and 
offer students the opportunities, if desired, to pursue specialization in an 
interest area. 



The field of psychology has been undergoing rapid change. New professional 
opportunities are constantly evolving. In response to this change, students 
may choose one of two emphases to fulfill the requirements for a degree in 
psychology. The general psychology emphasis offers flexibility while also 
ensuring that students have a broad understanding of the field and its appli- 
cations. Students who plan to pursue teaching licensure or careers in areas 
other than psychology (e.g., youth ministry) may find this emphasis appealing. 

The pre-professional emphasis is designed to prepare students for post- 
graduate education in psychology or related fields (e.g., occupational therapy). 
Students who pursue this emphasis are required to demonstrate proficienq' in 
research by completing an independent research project. In addition, students 
choosing the pre-professional emphasis will learn about the available careers 
in psychology and the kinds of graduate programs available. This is accom- 
plished through both a specific course (PSYC 200) and the requirement of an 
internship. Students are strongly encouraged to talk with their adviser before 
selecting either of the two emphases. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



122 psychology 



Psychology major - B.A. or B.S. 

General emphasis (33 hrs) 

PSYC 250 General Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 252 Developmental Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 259 Research Methods in Psychology I (3 hrs) 

PSYC 350 Social Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 553 Theories of Personality (3 hrs) 

PSYC 401 History and Systems of Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 422 Learning and Memoir OR 42" Physiological Psychology (3 
hrs) 

MATH 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Elective hours in psychology to be chosen in consultation with an advis- 
er (9 hrs) 

The Bachelor of Science degree in psychology with a general emphasis 
requires 33 hours in the major The Bachelor of Arts degree with this 
emphasis requires the intermediate year of a foreign language in addition to 
the 33 hours in the major. Those completing the major must demonstrate 
facility in the usage of computers in research and statistics. This is accom- 
plished typically ihrough the PSYC 259 course. 

Pre-Professional emphasis (39 hrs) 

PSYC 200 Career Preparation in Psychology (1 hr) 

PSYC 250 General Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 252 Developmental Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 259 Research Methods in Psychology I (3 hrs) 

PSYC 350 Social Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 353 Theories of Personality (3 hrs) 

PSYC 359 Research Methods in Psychology H (3 hrs) 

PSYC 360 Independent Research Project in Psychology (2 hrs) 

PSYC 401 History and Systems of Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 422 Learning and Memory OR 427 Physiological Psychology (3 
hrs) 

PSYC 491 Field Work in Psychology (at least 3 hrs) 

MATH 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

Elective hours in psychology to be chosen in consultation with an advis- 
er (6 hrs) 

The Bachelor of Science degree in psychology with a pre-professional 
emphasis requires 39 hours in the major. The Bachelor of Arts degree with 
this emphasis requires the intermediate year of a foreign language in addition 
to the 39 hours in the major. Those completing the major must demonstrate 
facility in the usage of computers in research and statistics. This is accom- 
plished typically through the courses PSYC 259 and 359. Students in the pre- 
professional emphasis will be expected to maintain a minimum overall grade 
point average of 2."5. 



Licensure 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education; Licensure Programs 

section of the catalog. 

Secondary (grades 9-12) teaching licensure 

Psychology major (general emphasis) 
with modifications - B.A. or B.S. (36 hrs) 

PSYC 250 General Psychology 5 hrs 

PSYC 252 Developmental Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 253 Child Development (3 hrs) 

PSYC 259 Research Methods I (3 hrs) 

PSYC 350 Social Psychology (3 hrs) 

PSYC 353 Theories of Personality (3 hrs) 

PSYC 357 Intro to the Theory and Practice of Counseling (3 hrs) 

PSYC 359 Research Methods H (3 hrs) 

PSYC 401 History and Systems of Psycholog- 3 hrs 

PSYC 422 Learning and Memory (3 hrs) 

MATH 213 Statistics (3 hrs) 

PSYC elective 5 hrs 



Psychology minor (18 hrs) 

PSYC 250 Genera] Psychology (3 hrs) 
PSYC 252 Developmental Psychology (3 hrs) 
PSYC 350 Social Psychology (3 hrs i 
Elective hours in psychology (9 hrs) 



Course Descriptions 



PSYC 100. Introduction to College and Calling - A course focusing on 
those behaviors necessary to succeed in college, in careers, and in life in gen- 
eral. These include career exploration, management of resources such as time 
and money, and a growing awareness of self Required of all freshmen during 
the first semester of attendance. Offered fall term each year. One semester 
hour. 

PSYC 200. Career Preparation in Psychology - An introduction to career 
options for psychology students. The course helps students to understand the 

variety of sub-fields within psychology and the different careers that are avail- 
able within each. Students begin to explore career options and make prepara- 
tions for reaching occupational goals, such as getting into graduate school. 
Offered spring term each vear. One semester hour. 

PSYC 250. General Psychology - An introduction to the discipline of psy- 
chology. The study covers the background, methodology, and major findings 
from each of the major sub-areas of psychology. Offered every term. Three 
semester hours. 



PSYC 252. Developmental Psychology - A study of the origins of psycho- 
logical processes and general genetic principles and development of the indi- 
vidual in physical lingual social intellectual, emotional, and personal areas. 
Offered every term. Three semester hours, 

PSYC 253. Child Development - An in-depth study of the physical cogni- 
tive, social, and emotional development of the child from birth through ado- 
lescence. Development care, and guidance of the child are examined in rela- 
tionship to major theories of child and adolescent development- This course 
is designed for professionals who work with intants, children, and adolescents 
in a variety of settings. Offered spring term each vear. Three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



psychology 123 



PSYC 254. Adolescent Development - An introduction to the stage of 
adolescence including focus on physical, psychological, and primarily emo- 
tional development during the teen years. Adolescence is a critical period of 
development in which one's identity as an individual grows significantly. The 
tools of this course are the biographies of adolescents, materials from popu- 
lar culture, and readings of the social nature of the lives of teens. Offered 
every other spring. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 259. Research Methods in Psychology I - A study of research 
methodologies in psychology with special emphasis upon experimentation. 
The study covers research planning, experimental design, data collection and 
analysis, and the construction of models and theories. Laboratory work 
emphasizes application of these concepts. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSYC 
250 or Mathematics 213. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 280. Media Effects on Children and Adolescents - A seminar 
course in media literacy with an emphasis on the psychological, social, and 
educational effects on children and adolescents. The course includes discus- 
sion of the evolving nature of media and laws governing them. Such media 
include television, movies, the Internet, newspapers, magazines, music, and 
interactive video games. Discussion and assignments focus on the relative 
impact of these media on things such as body image, drug and alcohol use, 
sexuality, sociability, morality, and cognitive development. An emphasis is 
placed on becoming a media literacy advocate within one's own family, 
school, and community. Offered January or May term each year, and spring 
term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 290. Independent Study - Individual study to enable the student 
either to examine material not in the curriculum or to facilitate an individual- 
ized approach in a field not now covered in a single course. Not open to 
freshmen. Offered as needed. One to three semester hours. 

PSYC 350. Social Psychology - A study of the individual in society. Some 
emphasis is given to research and experimentation. Offered every term. Three 
semester hours. 

PSYC 353. Theories of Personality - An examination of major theories of 
personality from the late 1 800s to the present. The course focuses particularly 
on founders and influential theorists associated with the major theories. Each 
theory is examined in terms of a Christian worldview. Prerequisite: PSYC 
250. Offered spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 356. Cross-Cultural Psychology - An examination of culture's influ- 
ence on behavior and thought. Students are expected to develop an under- 
standing of cultural diversity from a psychological perspective. Students par- 
ticipate in a service-learning experience throughout the semester and visit cul- 
turally relevant sites on a class trip. The course includes explorations of 
cross-cultural perspectives on cognition, intelligence, health, emotion, com- 
munication, human development, personality, psychological disorders, and 
social behavior. This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in 
the general education core. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 357. Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Counseling - An 

introduction to counseling and psychotherapy primarily by practicing the 
skills that constitute the counseling process. The aim is to utilize class mem- 
bers for the practical applications and implementation of techniques in the 
therapeutic process, as well as to develop a balanced view of the major con- 
cepts of various therapies. Prerequisite: PSYC 250. Offered spring term each 
year and fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 358. Abnormal Psychology - A careful consideration of the data and 
principles which have proved helpful in interpreting deviations from normal 
behavior. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 



PSYC 359. Research Methods in Psychology II - An examination of the 
major research methodologies used by psychologists including both experi- 
mental and corelational designs. The course includes an expanded and 
advanced discussion of topics previously covered in Research Methods in 
Psychology 1 (PSYC 259), such as research ethics, measurement theory, infer- 
ential statistics, and manuscript preparation. Through this course, students 
should have developed a research proposal including a review of the litera- 
ture, a sound research hypothesis, and plans for appropriate data analysis. 
Students in the pre-professional track are required to complete the project the 
following semester (while enrolled in PSYC 360). Prerequisites: PSYC 259 
and MATH 213. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 360. Independent Research Project in Psychology - A course in 
which the student conducts the research project begun in PSYC 359 under 
the supervision of the course instructor. Requirements include a research 
proposal, approval from the Miliigan Institutional Review Board, data collec- 
tion, appropriate statistical analyses, discussion of results, preparation of a 
final manuscript according to the APA Publication Manual, and presentation 
of findings at a regional conference. Prerequisites: PSYC 259 and 359 and 
MATH 213. Offered spring term each year. Two semester hours. 

PSYC 401. History and Systems of Psychology - An overview of the his- 
torical context and ecclesiastical, social, and cultural milieus in which the con- 
temporary psychological theories evolved. History and Systems of 
Psychology is a capstone course and should be taken in the senior year. 
Offered every fall and every other spring. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 422. Learning and Memory - A study of basic principles of learning 
and memory and their applications. The controversy of the relative effects of 
nature and nurture on learning is studied, as are types of learning, methods 
of acquisition, and memory enhancement. Offered fall term each year and 
spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 427. Physiological Psychology - An examination of current develop- 
ments in the field of physiological psychology. The course includes an explo- 
ration of the physiological bases of emotion, sleep, sexual behavior, hunger 
and thirst, learning and memory, psychopathology, and drug use and abuse. 
Prerequisites: PSYC 250 and 259. Offered spring term alternate years. Three 
semester hours. 

PSYC 480. Seminar on Vietnam - A survey of the Vietnam era in United 
States history. This course examines precursors in the United States and 
Southeast Asia, the Vietnam era itself, and the war's legacies to the nation and 
its people. Both historical and psychological issues are examined. This course 
fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in the general education 
requirements. Offered spring term even years. Three semester hours. 

PSYC 489. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. To 
be arranged. One to three semester hours. 

PSYC 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. To be arranged. One to three semes- 
ter hours. 

PSYC 491. Field Work in Psychology - Supervised field work in various 
institutions and agencies, including children's homes, schools, homes for the 
aging, delinquency and probation programs and work with other agencies. 
Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered every term. Three to six 
semester hours. 

PSYC 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered vary from semester to semester. To be 
announced. One to three semester hours. 



miliigan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



124 public leadership and service 



Public Leadership 
and Service 

Area of Social Learning 

The public leadership and service major supports the following goals of 
Mffligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibility in numerous wars, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and fore%n), and 
with social agencies; mentoring and protecting others; and displaying 
increased understanding of other cultures. 

■ Sr^i;r:?5 wfll demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and rhinlc anahticafly and critically, to communicate dearly and 
effectiveh; to evidence knowledge and competencies in the Hberal arts 
and natural and social sciences, and to understand a significant body of 
material in their major fields of study. 

The public leadership and service major prepares students to be Chri *"?n 
leaders for both private and public arenas, but especially in the public service 
areas such as non-profit organizations and governmental service. In particular 
graduates of this program should be prepared to: (1) rah- the ministry of 
Jesus Christ to those who need to be fed, clothed, protected and defended as 
me least in me world, (Ij produce public services ministers who in govern- 
ment and agency settings will advocate effectively the needs of the least and 
humblest of these, (3) develop advocates who are able to speak articulately to 
the issues of social justice and diversity tor all of the citizens of one's com- 
munitv, nation, and world. 

Graduates with a major in public leadership and service are expected to (1) 

demonstrate a broad knowledge of pohricaL sociological, communication, 
and economic theory to be equipped for service in public agencies, (2) 
demonstrate the abilitv to engage in independent research in a particular sub- 
ject dealing with public service, (3) demonstrate an increased awareness of 
issues involving public service through breadth of courses and an Jrcitpmship 
experience, (4) demonstrate the development of leadership skills necessary 
for engaging ethicaHv and acrivelv in the public arena. 

The public leadership and service program consists of 48 to 50 semester 
hours of credit and requires a minimum of 2L25 grade point average in the 
major to graduate. It is available only as a Bachelor of Arts degree. This 
major offers three possible emphases: one offered entirely at the Mffligan 
College campus that offers a broad exposure to academic topics preparatory 
for public service; one that is offered coordinated with an international set- 
ting or agency; and one that is coordinated with the CCCU American Studies 
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for each emphasis. 



Emphasis One 
On Milligan College Campus Exclusively 



Required Core Causes (39 hs) 



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public leadership and service 125 



cmpnasis i wo 
With One Semester at CCCU International Setting 



Course descriptions 





Required Core Courses (40 hrs) 


COMM 341 OR 345 


Principles of Organizational Communication OR Dynamics of 
Group Communication (3 hrs) 


EC0N201 


Macroeconomic Principles (3 hrs) 


ECON 202 


Microeconomic Principles (3 hrs) 


MATH 213 


Statistics (3 hrs) 


PL&S 250 


Introduction to Leadership (3 hrs) 


PL&S 340a 


CCCU International Leadership and Internship (16 hrs) 


PL&S 400 


Capstone Experience (3 hrs) 


SOCL201 


Introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 


S0CL4010RPSYC259 


Sociological Research OR Research Methods 1 (3 hrs) 




ElectJves (6 hrs) selected from the following: 


ACCT 211 


Introductory Accounting 1 (3 hrs) 


ACCT212 


Introductory Accounting II (3 hrs) 


ACCT 3 15 


Not-For-Profit Accounting (3 hrs) 


COMM 413 


Public Relations Practices (3 hrs) 


COMM 470 


Film and Television Criticism (3 hrs) 


ECON 460 


History of Economic Thought (3 hrs) 


HIST209 0R210 


U. S. History Survey 1 OR II (3 hrs) 


HIST 380 


The United States in the Twentieth Century (3 hrs) 


LS310 


Philosophy of Law (3 hrs) 


PHIL321 


Ethics (3 hrs) 


POLS 361 


Domestic Politics (2 hrs) 


PSYC 350 


Social Psychology (3 hrs) 


S0CL360 


Aspects of Intercultural Studies (3 hrs) 



SOCL 470 Health, Illness, and Health Care Systems (3 hrs) 

Emphasis Three 
With One Semester at CCCU American Studies Program 





Required Core Courses (40 hrs) 


COMM 3410R 345 


Principles of Organizational Communication OR Dynamics of 
Group Communication (3 hrs) 


ECON 201 


Macroeconomic Principles (3 hrs) 


ECON 202 


Microeconomic Principles (3 hrs) 


MATH 213 


Statistics (3 hrs) 


PL&S 250 


Introduction to Leadership (3 hrs) 


PL&S 340b 


CCCU American Studies Program (16 hrs) 


PL&S 400 


Capstone Experience (3 hrs) 


S0CL201 


Introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 


S0CL4010R PSYC 259 


Sociological Research OR Research Methods 1 (3 hrs) 


Elertives (6 hrs) selected from the following: 


ACCT 211 


Introductory Accounting 1 (3 hrs) 


ACCT 2 12 


Introductory Accounting II (3 hrs) 


ACCT315 


Not-For-Profit Accounting (3 hrs) 


COMM 413 


Public Relations Practices (3 hrs) 


COMM 470 


Film and Television Criticism (3 hrs) 


ECON 460 


History of Economic Thought (3 hrs) 


Choose one from the following: 
HIST206,208,331,332,333, 
334, 450, 480 


History course international in focus (3 hrs) 


HIST 380 


The United States in theTwentieth Century (3 hrs) 


LS310 


Philosophy of Law (3 hrs) 


PHIL321 


Ethics (3 hrs) 


POLS 361 


Domestic Politics (2 hrs) 


PSYC 350 


Social Psychology (3 hrs) 


SOCL 360 


Aspects of Intercultural Studies (3 hrs) 



SOCL 470 Health, Illness, and Health Care Systems (3 hrs) 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



PL&S 250. Introduction to Leadership - A course in which students learn 
theories and practices of leadership, as well as examples of ethical leadership 
behavior. The course explores the creation of a personal vision, interactions 
in large and small groups, the needs of leaders and of members of groups, 
and styles/methods of leadership. The course includes opportunities for a 
service learning project where students observe and practice aspects of lead- 
ership. Offered fall term each year. Three semester hours. 

PL&S 340a. CCCU International Leadership and Internship - An expe- 
rience, under the auspices of the Council of Christian Colleges and 
Universities or other not-for-profit ministerial or government agencies, which 
provides students an opportunity for examination of other geographic and 
cultural regions of the world, in that region. The CCCU international pro- 
grams include the following: Australia Studies Centre; China Studies 
Program; Latin American Studies Program; Middle East Studies Program; 
Russian Studies Program; Uganda Studies Program. This experiential semes- 
ter allows the diversity of cultures and nationalities to be seen without the fil- 
ters which are in place seeing the diversity through the eyes of others-the 
news media, the instructors' biases, parental thinking-or through the students' 
own preconceptions. This internship experience provides a forum to listen to 
persons of religious faiths, economic and educational levels, as well as politi- 
cal and economic thinking different than those confronted in one's comfort 
zone in the United States. Offering to be arranged. Sixteen semester hours. 

PL&S 340b. CCCU American Studies Program - A study experience with 
the American Studies Program under the auspices of the Council of 
Christian Colleges and Universities. Founded in 1976, the American Studies 
Program has served hundreds of students from member institutions as a 
"Washington, D.C. campus." ASP uses Washington as a stimulating educa- 
tional laboratory where collegians gain hands-on experience with an intern- 
ship in their chosen field. Internships are tailored to fit the student's talents 
and aspirations and are available in a wide range of fields. They also explore 
pressing national and international issues in public policy seminars which are 
issue-oriented, interdisciplinary, and led by ASP faculty and Washington pro- 
fessionals. ASP bridges classroom and marketplace, combining biblical reflec- 
tion, policy analysis, and real-world experience. Students are exposed to on- 
the-job learning that helps them build for their future and gain perspective on 
the calling of God for their lives. They are challenged in a rigorous course of 
study to discover for themselves the meaning of Christ's lordship in putting 
their beliefs into practice. The aim of the program is to help Council schools 
prepare their students to live faithfully in contemporary society as followers 
of Christ. Offering to be arranged. Sixteen semester hours. 

PL&S 350. Poverty Experience - An experience for the student with an 
agency typically in the Tri-Cities region which surrounds the College campus. 
Examples of the agencies with which the student might be placed include the 
Salvation Army, the Good Samaritan Ministries, Habitat for Humanity, the 
Appalachian Sendee Project, the Johnson City Downtown Clinic, or a local 
law enforcement agency or court system. However, this experience might be 
gained in other locales which the student might propose. The format is work- 
ing with those in ministry, social work, casework, and/or mental health occu- 
pations which provide care to those who are in material and physical need- 
lacking proper housing, food, safety, medical care, educational opportunities, 
and support. The student spends ten hours weekly in the field. Offering to 
be arranged. Six semester hours. 

PL&S 400. Capstone Experience - A seminar in which the students and 
faculty member(s) challenge one another through readings, experiences, dia- 
logues, to develop a philosophy of ministry, a conviction of partnership, a 
sense of Matthew 25:31 ff, in the relationships which Christians have with/to 
their brothers and sisters who have been placed by education, family, society, 
disability, etc., in a position of handicap in achieving what the world values 
and finds attractive. This course challenges the student and the faculty to 
face the problems of the world's downtrodden rather than, in the words of 
Pink Floyd, turning away. Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 



126 religion | sociology 



Religion 

Area of Biblical Learning 

RELG 350. Religions of the World - A comparative investigation of the 
structure and content of primitive, ancient, and contemporarv religions. The 
studv includes consideration of major doctrines, figures, and developments. 
Same as PHIL 350. This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement 
in the general education core. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered 
spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

RELG 351. Philosophy of Religion - A study of the nature and meaning 
of religion within various worldviews, including a comparative study of the 
more important religious movements. Prerequisite: either HUMN 202, or 
PHIL 301 and 302. Offered periodicallv. Three semester hours. 

RELG 421. Sociology- of Religion - A study of interactive relationships 
between religious and other social institutions with special attention to the 
contemporary American religious scene. Same as SOCL 421. Offered fall 
term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

RELG 430. Servanthood in the Third Millennium - An examination of 
the nature of servanthood and the formation of the servant of Christ for the 
world. Topics include identitv of the servant, spiritual formation, the role of 
community, the servant and culture, preparation for service, and serving 
across cultural lines. Same as CMIN 430. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. 
Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

RELG 440. The Religions, Peoples, and Cultures of Africa - An intro- 
duction to the continent and peoples of Africa. Topics include African histo- 
ry, geography, religious life, cultural diversity, historical and current events on 
the African continent, and missions in Africa. This course fulfills the ethnic 
studies course requirements in the general education core. Same as SOCL 
440. Offered periodicallv. Three semester hours. 

RELG 460. Folk Religion - An introduction to the institutions and phe- 
nomenology of folk religions within the North American contest and around 
the world. Topics include an examination of folk world views, practices, and 
belief systems in diverse cultures, with particular attention given to missiolog- 
ical implications. Prerequisites: BIBL 123 and 124. Offered fall term alternate 
years. Three semester hours. 

RELG 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered varv from semester to semester. Prerequisites: 
BIBL 123 and 124. Offered periodically. One to three semester hours. 



Sociology 

Area of Social Learning 

The sociology major supports the following goals of Mulligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts 
and the natural and social sciences; and to understand a significant body 
of material in their major fields of studv. 

■ Students will demonstrate social responsibilitv in numerous ways, such 
as serving in churches, on the mission field (domestic and foreign), and 
with social agencies; mentoring, nurturing, and protecting others; and 
displaying increased understanding of and experience with other cul- 
tures. 

The sociology curriculum emphasizes the principles and application of socio- 
logical knowledge. The major and minor are designed to ensure that each stu- 
dent receives a broad background in sociology. The sociology curriculum is 
designed for the student preparing for a varietv of careers, including but not 
limited to academic sociology (research and/or teaching), and social agencv 
and social service work The sociology curriculum also contributes to the 
application of sociological principles to daily life. 

Graduates with a major in sociology are expected to (1) demonstrate knowl- 
edge of core concepts in sociology and qualitative and quantitative research 
and analysis skills appropriate to the field of sociology (2) demonstrate 
knowledge of and appreciation for people who differ from themselves in cul- 
tural background, ethnidty, socioeconomic status, age, gender or other social- 
ly significant characteristics; (3) participate in communitv service that will 
both enhance their understanding of course materials and give them experi- 
ence that will assist them in starting on a lifetime commitment to service; and 
(4) be prepared for acceptance into a graduate program in sociology or a 
related field. 



Sociology major - B.A. or B.S. 
(30 hrs or 36 hrs) 

PSYC 350 Social Psychology (3 hrs) 
SOCL 201 introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 
SOCL 210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 hrs) 
SOCL 21 1 Social Problems or 312 Gender and Society (3 hrs) 
SOCL 303 Family (3 hrs) 
SOCL 314 Race and Ethnic Relations (3 hrs) 
SOCL 401 Sociological Research (3 hrs) 
SOCL 451 Sociological Theory (3 hrs) 
SOCL 491 Field Work in Sociology (3 or 6 hrs) 

Elective hours in sociology (0-9 hrs, depending upon degree type and 
number of hours of field work) 



The Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology requires foreign language profi- 
ciencv through the intermediate year of a modern foreign language plus 30 
hours in the major. The Bachelor of Science degree in sociology requires 
36 hours in the major. Those completing the major must demonstrate com- 
puter competency. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



sociology 127 



Secondary (Grades 9-12) 
teaching licensure (30 hrs) 

For sociology majors pursuing secondary (Grades 9-12) teaching licensure (30 
hrs), see the Education: Licensure Programs section of the Catalog for addi- 
tional information, including a list of courses required for licensure. 



Sociology minor (18 hrs) 

PSYC 250 General Psychology (3 hrs) 

SOCL 201 Introduction to Sociology (3 hrs) 

SOCL 210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 hrs) 

SOCL 303 Family (3 hrs) 

SOCL 451 Sociological Theory (3 hrs) 

Elective hours in sociology (3 hrs) 

Students pursuing the missions emphasis in the Bible major must also com- 
plete a modified minor in sociology comprised of SOCL 210 and 15 addi- 
tional hours of sociology courses selected from SOCL 303, 314, 360, 421, 
451, and 461 (or approved Bible and sociology electives). 



Course Descriptions 

SOCL 201. Introduction to Sociology - A scientific study of human society 
and the various means by which individuals and groups adjust to each other 
and to their physical and social environment. Offered every term. Three 
semester hours. 

SOCL 210. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology - A study of the 
dynamics of culture and society: folkways, mores, and institutions and their 
significance for comprehending the variations in contemporary cultural orien- 
tations, customs, and manners. Available to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. 
This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in the general edu- 
cation core. Offered spring semester. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 211. Social Problems - An application of sociological perspectives to 
understanding major problems confronted in American society and interna- 
tionally. Topics include crime and delinquency; poverty; homelessness; sub- 
stance abuse; family and sexual violence; urban problems; ethnic, racial, and 
political conflicts; and the social dimensions of environmental issues. Offered 
fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 221. Latin American Cultures - An introduction to Latin America, 
focusing on the social, political, economic, religious, and other characteristics 
of many different Latin American cultures. This course employs research 
findings and perspectives from a number of different disciplines, including 
sociology, history, political science, and anthropology to explore the region's 
historical development, its cultureal diversity, and some of its critical social 
problems. Students do not have to speak or read any Spanish to take this 
course. This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement in the gen- 
eral education core. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 303. Family - A study of the social significance of the modern 
American family viewed in the perspective of its cultural heritage. Available 
to juniors and seniors. Offered every term. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 312. Gender and Society - An examination of the social construc- 
tion of gender and its consequences for individuals and societies. Topics 
include biological theories of gender differences, cross-cultural comparisons 
of gender expectations, childhood socialization, gender and the educational 
system, language and the media, gender and relationships, work and econom- 
ic issues, and health issues. Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 



SOCL 314. Race and Ethnic Relations - A study of racial and cultural 
contacts and conflicts, including an analysis of prejudice and discrimination, 
status and participation of minority groups, and national and international 
aspects of minority problems. Prerequisite: SOCL 201 . This course fulfills the 
ethnic studies course requirement in the general education core. Offered fall 
term even years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 321. Sociology of Death, Dying, and Bereavement - An explo- 
- ration of the current literature on death and dying. The approach is cross-cul- 
tural, even though the emphasis is on death and dying customs and practices 
in North America. Offered fall term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 360. Aspects of Intercultural Studies - A study of inductive and 
theoretical analyses of the various challenges which result when differing cul- 
tural systems (e.g., family life, politics, economics, etc.) come into sustained 
contact, with special attention to (1) effective approaches to meeting the chal- 
lenges, and (2) effective communicative strategies. This course fulfills the eth- 
nic studies course requirement in the general education core. Offered fall 
term odd years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 380. Principles of Social Work - An introduction to the profession 
of social work and an overview of the professional knowledge, skills, and val- 
ues necessary for generalist social work practice. The student is introduced to 
the historical evolution of social work, the history of social welfare, the vari- 
ous fields of social work practice, and general systems theory. Offered fall 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 381. Social Welfare Policies and Services - A study of social wel- 
fare policy, its theoretical orientations and philosophical underpinnings, as 
well as private and public social programs and issues which comprise the 
United States welfare system. Attention is given to those social policies/pro- 
grams which have a major impact on generalist social work practice. Offered 
spring term each year. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 401. Sociological Research - An introduction to the design of social 
research and methods of data collecting, analysis, and interpretation of social 
data. Prerequisite: SOCL 201 or permission of instructor. Offered spring 
term each year. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 413. Seminar in Aging - An application of sociological principles, 
theories, and research findings to the understanding of the process of aging, 
the relationship of the aged to other segments of the population, and aging 
in other cultures. Topics include economic needs and resources of older peo- 
ple, issues of health and health care, work and retirement, psychological and 
physical changes, marriage and other relationships, and death and bereave- 
ment. Offered spring term alternate years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 421. Sociology of Religion - A study of the dynamic relationships 
between religious and other social institutions with special attention to the 
contemporary American religious scene. Offered fall term even years. Three 
semester hours. Same as RELG 421. 

SOCL 440. The Religions, Peoples, and Cultures of Africa - An intro- 
duction to the continent and peoples of Africa. Topics include African histo- 
ry, geography, religious life, cultural diversity, historical and current events on 
the African continent, and missions in Africa. This course fulfills the ethnic 
studies course requirement in the general education core. Same as RELG 440. 
Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 451. Sociological Theory - A broad survey of sociological thought 
from the earliest theorists in the nineteenth century to developments in the 
21" century. Prerequisite: The prerequisite for sociology majors and tradition- 
al sociology minors is SOCL 201. Students pursuing the modified sociology 
minor for Bible majors with a missions emphasis may have SOCL 210 as 
their prerequisite for this course. Offered fall term each year. Three semester 
hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



128 sociology 



SOCL 461. Dynamics of Culture Change - A studv of the identification of 
the processes of culture change, both internal and external, and critical studv 
of theories offered to account for culture change. Offered fall term odd 
years. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 470. Health, Illness, and Health Care Systems - This course uses 
the sociological perspective to analvze illness and health, and to examine 
medical and health care svstems. Topics include social and behavioral influ- 
ences on illness, health-care funding issues, historical and contemporary 
issues in nurse-phvsician relationships, patients' rights issues, and health issues 
concerning specific groups such as rural people, minoritv group members, 
children and teenagers, the poor, the homeless, and women. Offered spring 
term alternate vears. Three semester hours. 

SOCL 4S9. Directed Readings - A supervised program of readings which 
provides for study of material not included in the regular course offerings. 
TBA One to three semester hours. 

SOCL 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for individualized study. To be arranged. One to three semes- 
ter hours. 

SOCL 491. Field Work in Sociology - Supervised field work in various 

institutions and agencies including children's homes, homes for the aging 
delinquency and probation wort, and work with other agencies. Prerequisite: 
SOCL 201 and consent of the instructor. To be arranged. Three to six 
semester hours. 

SOCL 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics considered varv from semester to semester To be 
announced. One to three semester hours. 



miliigan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Spanish 129 



Spanish 

Area of Humane Learning 

The Spanish program supports the following goals of Milligan College: 

■ Students will demonstrate sound scholarship through their ability to 
read and think analytically and critically, to communicate clearly and 
effectively, to evidence knowledge and competencies in the liberal arts. 

■ Students will gain an enriched quality of life through . . . appreciation 
for the arts . . . and preparation for graduate studies and a rewarding 
career or profession. 

The Spanish program emphasizes the four language skills of listening, speak- 
ing, reading, and writing. While the primary focus is on developing compe- 
tency in communication, the secondary Spanish licensure program and the 
Spanish minor provide a foundation in the literature and culture of the 
Spanish-speaking world. Graduates may pursue careers in teaching, in trans- 
lating and interpreting (with additional study), in the tourism and hospitality 
industry, or in the diplomatic services. Spanish is a valuable asset in interna- 
tional business and in international agencies. In certain regions, Spanish is 
necessary for elementary and high school teachers of all subject areas and for 
social service careers. 



Secondary Spanish 
teacher licensure program 

SPAN 301 and 302 Advanced Conversation and Composition (6 hrs) 
SPAN 311 Survey of Spanish Literature: Iberian and 312 and Survey of 

Spanish- American Literature (6 his) 
SPAN 401 Civilization and Culture of Spain and 402 Civilization and 

Culture of Latin America (6 hrs) 
ENGL 312 Introduction to Linguistics or a course in Advanced Spanish 

Grammar (3 hrs) 
HUMN 490 Reading and Research in Humane Learning (3 hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



Spanish minor (18 hrs) 

18 hrs beyond the level of SPAN 111-112 



Course Descriptions 

SPAN 111-112. Elementary Spanish - A proficiency-oriented introductory 
course emphasizing oral communicative skills, including the essentials <>t 
grammar, practical vocabulary, and basic reading and writing skills within a 
cultural context. Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. 
SPAN 111 offered fall term each year; SPAN 112 offered spring term each 
year. Three semester hours each semester. 

SPAN 211-212. Intermediate Spanish - A proficienq-oriented intermediate 
course consisting of a review of elementary skills and an integrated develop- 
ment of more complex listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Cultural 
and literary readings serve as a basis for class discussion and written composi- 
tions. Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: 
SPAN 112 or equivalent. SPAN 211 offered fall term each year; SPAN 212 
offered spring term each year. Three semester hours each semester. 

SPAN 301-302. Advanced Conversation and Composition - Intensive 

practice in the oral and written language with emphasis on vocabulary, syntax, 
and culture necessary for communication. Classes are conducted in Spanish. 
Prerequisites: SPAN 211 and 212 or equivalent. SPAN 301 and 302 offered 
periodically. Three semester hours each semester. 

SPAN 311. Survey of Spanish Literature: Iberian - An overview of the lit- 
erature of Spain from the Middle Ages to the present. Selections from 
prominent authors of different periods and genres are read. Readings and 
discussions are in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPAN 211 and 212 or equivalent. 
Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

SPAN 312. Survey of Spanish-American Literature - An overview of the 
literature of Latin America from the Colonial Period to the present. 
Selections from prominent authors of different periods, genres, and countries 
are read. Readings and discussions are in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPAN 211 
and 212 or equivalent. Offered periodically. Three semester hours. 

SPAN 401. Civilization and Culture of Spain - A study of Spanish civiliza- 
tion and culture from prehistoric times to the present. Topics include geogra- 
phy, history, political and social structures, culture, and the arts. Readings, 
class discussion, and reports are in Spanish. Offered periodically. 
Prerequisites: SPAN 211 and 212 or equivalent. Three semester hours. 

SPAN 402. Civilization and Culture of Latin America - A study of Latin 
American civilization and culture from the ancient Indian civilizations to the 
present. Topics include geography, history, political and social structures, cul- 
ture, and the arts. Readings, class discussions, and reports are in Spanish. 
Offered periodically. This course fulfills the ethnic studies course requirement 
in the general education core. Prerequisites: SPAN 211 and 212 or equivalent. 
Three semester hours. 



SPAN 490. Directed Studies - A program of readings and conferences 
which provides for study of material not included in the regular course offer- 
ings. Available on demand. One to three semester hours. 

SPAN 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, writing, and concentration in areas beyond regular 
course offerings. Topics vary from semester to semester. Available on 
demand. One to three semester hours per semester. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



130 theatre arts 



Theatre Arts 



Course Descriptions 



Area of Performing, Visual and Communicative Arts 

A student mav declare a fine arts major with a theatre emphasis. For further 
information on this major, refer to the information under the listing of fine 
arts. 

The theatre arts minor fits well with numerous majors including but not lim- 
ited to Bible, business administration, communications, English, history, 
humanities, and psychology. The study of theatre may serve to foster stu- 
dents' avocational interests as well as prepare them for more concentrated 
theatre studies in the future. 



THEA 141. Fundamentals of Voice/Stage Movement - A survey course 
introducing the student to major vocal production and stage movement theo- 
rists as well as the LeCoq-based mask work and an introduction to stage 
dialects and stage combat. Offered spring term each year. Three semester 
hours. 

THEA 151. Introduction to Theatre - The history and literature of the the- 
atre from its Greek origins to the present. This course is designed to help the 
student relate drama in its historical context to contemporary man. Some 
emphasis is placed on films, dance, and musical theatre. The course is supple- 
mented by films, attendance at area performances, and production work on 
the current semester's drama production. Offered fall term each year. Three 
semester hours. 



Fine Arts major - B.A. (35 hrs) 

Theatre emphasis 

For more information about the fine arts major with theatre emphasis, see 
"Tine Arts." 



THEA 242. Fundamentals of Acting - A study of techniques in acting. 
Class exercises are designed to develop relaxation, concentration, and improv- 
isation skills. Audition techniques, monologue studies, and scene study are 
also emphasized. Laboratory experience includes participating in some facet 
of the current semester's drama production. Offered fall term each year. 
Three semester hours. 



Teacher licensure for grades K-12 

Theatre 

Milligan College offers teacher licensure in theatre for grades K-12. Those 
interested in licensure to teach must take the following theatre and English 
courses: 

MUSC 100 Applied Study: Voice (1 - 2 hrs) 

THEA 141 Fundamentals of Voice/Stage Movement (3 hrs) 

THEA 151 Introduction to Theatre (3 hrs) 

THEA 242 Fundamentals of Acting (3 hrs) 

THEA 340 Fundamentals of Directing (3 hrs) 

THEA 343 Scenography (3 hrs) 

THEA 345 Theatre Workshop (3 hrs) 

ENGL 411 Twentieth-Century Literature (3 hrs) 

Either ENGL 460 Elizabethan Drama or 461 Jacobean Drama (3 hrs) 

Electives in fine arts (7-10 hrs) 

For additional information about the teacher licensure program, including a 
list of courses required for licensure, see the Education: Licensure Programs 
section of the catalog. 



Theatre Arts minor (18 hrs) 

EXGL 460 Elizabethan Drama or 461 Jacobean Drama (3 hrs) 

MUSC 100 Applied Study - Voice for two semesters 

THEA 141 Fundamentals of Voice/Stage Movement (3 hrs) 

THEA 151 Introduction to Theatre (3 hrs) 

THEA 242 Fundamentals of Acting (3 hrs) 

THEA 340 Fundamentals of Directing (3 hrs) 

Elective hour in theatre arts 

HPXS 208 may also apply toward the minor 



THEA 256. Theatre Practicum - An opportunity to gain experience in 
practical theatre work: acting, technical work, or directing. This course may be 
taken multiple times for up to 6 hours of credit- Offered every term. One to 
two semester hours. 

THEA 340. Fundamentals of Directing - A course emphasizing study of 
the various elements in the production of a play or a short film: theory, selec- 
tion of play or screenplay, production, interpretation of the play or film, 
scene design, costumes, and make-up. The course culminates in the direction 
of a one-act play or short film for the public This course is especially recom- 
mended for students preparing to supervise play or film production in the 
public schools. Prerequisites for film studies majors: COMM 270 and 323. 
Offered spring term even years. Three semester hours. 

THEA 345. Theatre for Young Audiances - An opportunity to gain expe- 
rience in practical theatre work: touring, costuming, lighting, producing, and 
directing. Approval of instructor is required. Offered every term. One to 
three semester hours. 

THEA 470. Readings in Drama - A concentrated program of readings in 
drama designed to provide a solid repertory for the beginning dramatist 
Prerequisite: six hours in theatre arts. Offered summer term as needed. One 
to three semester hours. 

THEA 490. Theatre Performance Recital/Portfolio - A capstone course 
for theatre emphasis majors in the fine arts. An individualized course of 
study to be determined by the student and an advisory committee. 
Performance students may do this in the form of an acting recital or final 
directing or playwriting project, while design oriented students may elect to 
do comprehensive work on preparing their design portfolio. Seniors only. 
Approval of chair is required. Three semester hours. 

THEA 495. Seminar - A seminar designed to promote in-depth discussion, 
independent research, and writing in areas not included in the regular course 
offerings. Topics vary from semester to semester. To be announced. One to 
three semester hours. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 






worship leadership 131 



Worship Leadership 

Area of Biblical Learning 

Few ministry roles have such an immediate impact on churches today as the 
Worship Leader. Milligan College seeks to prepare people for such leadership 
through a combination of biblical studies, historical awareness, general min- 
istry preparation, and artistic skills. We believe that leading worship of God 
through Jesus Christ demands the best of knowledge and ability, but also the 
spiritual depth and integrity to help others worship "in spirit and truth." 
Consequendy, this major is a combination of portions of the Bible major and 
of music and fine arts. Students are encouraged to take more of the classes 
in either discipline for additional benefit, but the combination in the require- 
ments for this major will provide a good starting point and sufficient tools to 
build a solid and lasting ministry. 

This major clearly supports the mission of the college in that it prepares stu- 
dents to "honor God through servant-leadership." It does that through aim- 
ing direcdy toward several of the objectives: it is based on developing and 
strengthening "a Positive, Personal Christian Faith that Jesus is Lord and 
Savior"; it strongly emphasizes "A Commitment to Follow the Teachings of 
the Christian Scripture" dtrough every facet of both ministry role and per- 
sonal life; it urges the students by leadership in the local church to 
"Recognize and Assume Responsibility in Society"; it promotes "Sound 
Scholarship" through the combination of disciplines of study and improve- 
ment of skills; it equips students for a professional career through a Christian 
vocation, thereby preparing people to "Secure an Enriched Quality of Life"; 
and it leads toward a "Healthy Lifestyle" by full participation in the active life 
of a local church and by using God-given talents direcdy in His service. 

Worship leadership prepares a student to participate in the ministry staff of a 
local church and lead Christian people in worship that is scripturally sound 
and musically or artistically competent. By building on the basic education 
received in this Milligan degree program, a student can appropriately develop 
the worship and musical or artistic strengths of a church and personally func- 
tion in other ministry roles if needed or desired. The liberal arts foundation 
and the cross-emphasis in ministry focus provide an excellent platform on 
which to stand and lead, or to continue to build more specialized leadership. 

Milligan College expects those who graduate with a worship leadership major 
to (1) be equipped to lead worship in a way that conveys the fullness of mind 
and spirit before God - communicating with and for the current culture but 
still retaining the strength of scriptural faith and Christian history; (2) be pre- 
pared for service in a leadership role of ministry in the church and be able to 
function as a part of a team/staff relationship; (3) be able to understand, 
work with, and lead others in expressions of worship through musical, dra- 
matic, and/ or visual arts; (4) be equipped to pursue seminary or graduate 
education with a good preparation for that advanced study; and (5) provide a 
good Christian example as a student of scripture and disciple of Jesus. 
Emphases of spiritual dependence upon God, solid academic study, including 
serious study of the Bible itself, and practices of both integrity and effective- 
ness highlight this program of study. 

The Worship Leadership major consists of four clusters of courses in Bible, 
history, Christian ministry, and worship (see course requirements below). 



Worship Leadership major - B.A. 
(39 hrs) 

BIBL 201 Jesus in the Gospels (3 hrs) 

B1BL 211 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

HIST 341 and 342 Church History (6 hrs) 

CMIN 250-253 Practical Ministries Colloquium A - D (2 hrs) 

CMIN 273 Introduction to Ministry (3 hrs) 

CMIN 365 Christian Worship (3 hrs) 

CMIN 491 Practicum in Ministry (2 hrs) 

MUSC 141 Basic Music Reading Skills OR 143 Basic Music Theory/Ear 

Training (3 hrs) 
MUSC 454 Music Ministry Methods (3 hrs) 
Applied study in music (2 hrs) 

Participation in three semesters of music ensembles (1 V2 to 4 x h hrs) 
THEA 242 Fundamentals of Acting, 340 Fundamentals of Directing, 

OR 345 Theatre Workshop (3 hrs) 

Additional electives pertinent to the student's interests and vocational objec- 
tives, sufficient to reach a minimum of thirty-nine hours, are to be selected in 
consultation with the student's faculty adviser. 

The Worship Leadership major at Milligan leads to the B.A. degree, which 
requires intermediate proficiency in a foreign language. Language proficiency 
satisfies a general education requirement, not a requirement of the Worship 
Leadership major. For further ministerial or biblical studies, Greek is strongly 
recommended for the best study of the Bible. 

Milligan offers two minors which are related to this major — the Worship 
Ministry minor and the Music Ministry minor. For more information 
about these minors, see "Worship Ministry" or "Music Ministry." 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



132 worship ministry ] youth ministry 



Worship Ministry 

Area of Biblical Learning 

In addition to majors in Bible and Worship Leadership, Milligan College 

jffers i ~~ ; ." ""'■" rrs'.-jr M":-r This ~_r.:r :. cuse? ?"::r^ : - :';-; :>.:- 

ological aspects of worship more fa on the practical or technical elements. 
For worship to be both effective and faithful, it needs scriptural and historical 
depth and reflection, which are the emphases of this minor 

The Worship Ministry minor supports the Mission of the College bv strongly 

=~ -, '-^ : -- ~ ■-- .- ■;-. -;_ ■ -_ ■ 7 • : ";. .. . '_ - Z _— >;_-,-; : -" v^f 

encouraging students to learn and practice servant-leadership in the process 
of leading others in worship. Because worship should and does affect all of 
life, this minor helps develop and practice "A Commitment to Follow the 
Teachings of the Chriqriian Scripture in One's Personal and Social Ethics" and 
"The Capacity to Recognize and Assume Responsibility in Society." And as a 
holistic view of life recognizes our need for worship, this course of study 
helps with "Participation in the Activities of a Healthy lifestyle." 

Worship reflects the core of Christian faith and most churches see the need 
to make their worship the best it can be. Churches need people, therefore, 
who understand both the scriptural and historical significance of what is 
done and said in times of worship. As important as good «sHH<t and talents are 
in presenting public programs, the greater need is to know why we do what 
we do and what we are expressing in the process. This calls for biblical and 
historical awareness in order to respond faithfully to God's call to us as 
:;:_;! ---:"-.::-'.. : ?:;•;.-.: ■„: .-■; :~ --;• r -: r. : - .:z - 
as experienced in the Church for centuries. Staying contemporary in worship 
is a must for people of each generation to participate meaningfully, but that 
serves its purpose best when it is connected rightly to both scripture and tra- 
dition. This minor seeks to equip students to help in that endeavor, whether 
as = - -7- ;~::-: :: jr. :ier ~ _J :r : : : :..:. ' - --_j.r. :.:;::.: ::;• ;:. 
::j-:-j_ jjiurcr. leiie- 



Worship Ministry minor (21 - 22 hrs) 

BIBL 211 Old Testament Images of God (3 hrs) 

BIBL elective (3 hrs) 

CME\ 365 Christian Worship (3 hrs) 

HIST 2~5 Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 

Nineteenth Century (1 hr) 
HIST 341 and 342 Church History (6 hrs) 

Two to three hours from the following: 

MUSC 141 Basic Music Reading Skills (3 hrs) 
MOSC 143 Basic Music Theory/Far Training (3 hrs) 
Applied study in music 
Participation in ensembles 

Theater 242 F nn*iami a nt i ak of Acting, 340 F nndflmpnrak of 

Directing, OR 345 Theatre Workshop (3 hrs) 



Youth Ministry 

Area of Biblical Learning 

As a part of "changing lives and shaping culture." vouth ministry is one of 
the most strategic opportunities to make an impact on people and the world. 
Beginning with "A Positive, Personal Faith that Jesus is Lord and Savior" this 
major emphasis supports and implements "A Commitment to Follow the 
Teachings of the Christian Scripture in One's Personal and Social Ethics." 
Because the youth of today are so important now and will be the unques- 
tioned leaders of tomorrow, youth ministry emphasizes the "Capacity to 
Recognize and Assume Responsibility in Sodety." Classes focusing on biblical 
and historical foundations promote "The Knowledge, Meaning, and 
Application of Sound Scholarship" as do all the others that comprise this 
major, and, because of the attention given to youth, there is considerable 
emphasis on "Pamdpation in me Activities of a Healthy lifestyle." Youth 
ministry fits well into the overall purpose and mission of Milligan College, 
and the College provides excellent preparation for serving Jesus Christ 
through ministry to youth. 

The youth ministry track in ihe Bible major prepares people to lead in minis- 
tering to and with young people, and that may indude those from early child- 
hood up through early adulthood. Both youth ministers and children's minis- 
ters will find this major effective in basic preparation for service, as will cam- 
pus ministers, workers with various parachurch ministries such as camps, 
youth organizations, evangelism efforts and many more. Because of the 
strong foundation incorporated into this emphasis, people will have basic 
preparation to move into other areas of ministry from a traditional role. 

Milligan College expects those who graduate with a Bible major in a youth 
ministry track to (1) be equipped to stay abreast of current changes in youth 
culture and communicate effectively through all those changes; (2) be pre- 
pared for service in a leadership role of ministry in the church and able to 
function as part of a team/staff relationship; (3) have a good foundation in 
biblical, church historical, and practical studies in order to prepare and deliver 
sound teaching to youth and to continue in lifelong learning; (4) be equipped 
to pursue seminary or graduate education with a good preparation for that 
advanced study; and (5) provide a good Christian example as a student of 
scripture. Emphases of spiritual dependence upon God, solid academic study, 
including serious study of the Bible itself, and practices of both integrity and 
effectiveness highlight this program of study. 

Bible major - B.A. (38-39 hrs) 

Youth ministry track 

For information about the Bible major with the youth ministry track, see 
"Bible." 

Youth Ministry minor (18 hrs) 

BIBL 201 Jesus in the Gospels (3 hrs) 

BIBL 211 Old Testament Images of God 3 hrs) 

HIST 275 Selected Topics in the History of the Reformation of the 

Nineteenth Centurr .1 hf 
HIST 341 and 342 Church History (6 b rs 

CMTN 217 Foundation for Youth and Children's Ministry (3 hrs) 
CMLN 318 Materials and Methods of Youth Ministries 2 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.miingan.edu 



board of trustees I board of advisors 133 



The Milligan 
Community 



We distinguish those who hold some form of membership in the College as the "Milligan 
Community. " Membership consists of six classifications: trustees, advisors, faculty, staff, 
students, and alumni. The term "Community " thus refers not to a geographic or social 
locality but rather to persons sustaining a relationship to one another through their member- 
ship in the College. These persons are held together by a common heritage, by common 
ideals, and by commitment to a common ultimate goal. Experience set in such a community 
is productive of a common spirit, a deep affection, a mutual trust, and an enthusiasm in 
discharging the responsibilities and enjoying the rewards incident to membership in the 
College. 

Board of Trustees 

Charles Allcott, III, Businessman, Pensacola, FL 

Charles E. Allen, M.D., Retired Physician, Johnson City, TN 

John Banks, Attorney, Elizabethton, TN 

Dennis Bratton, Minister, Jacksonville, FL 

Thomas J. Burleson, Building Contractor, ]ohnson City, TN 

William R. Clem, Businessman, Lexington, KY 

Jimmy Dan Conner, Businessman, Louisville, KY 

Tammy W Eldridge, Businesswoman, Jonesborough, TN 

Harry E. Fontaine, Jr., Businessman, fonesborough, TN 

James Frasure, M.D, Retired Physician, Bloomington, IN 

Dennis Fulk, Businessman, Carmel, IN 

James Green, Attorney, Bristol, VA 

Patricia Green, Businesswoman, Elizabethton, TN 

William B. Greene, Jr., Banker, Elizabethton, TN 

David W Hamilton, Businessman, Jacksonville, FL 

David O. Hamlin, Minister, Shelbyville, KY 

Marshall W Hayden, Minister, Worthington, OH 

Greg Johnson, Minister, Tarpon Springs, FL 

LeRoy Lawson, Retired Educator, Payson, AZ 

Daniel W. McMahan, Businessman, Louisville, KY 

Kenneth W. Oosting, II, Businessman, Cocoa Beach, FL 

Cameron Perry, Retired Bank Executive, Johnson City, TN 

Gary Porter, Executive Director, Christian Children's Home of Ohio, 

Wooster, OH 
Bill Rhoades, Businessman, Gulf Shores, AL 
James R. Rice, M. D, Retired Psychiatrist, Irmo, SC 
JoAnn Richardson, Businesswoman, Havre de Grace, MD 
Rick Rusaw, Minister, Longmont, CO 
J. Donald Sams, Exec. Director, Christian Benevolent Association, 

Middletown, OH 
Ronald F. Sewell, Businessman, Columbus, IN 
N. Jeanne Starkey, Churchwoman, Indianapolis, IN 
Marvin Swiney, Educator, Grundy, VA 
Mark H. Webb, D D S, Dentist, Bristol, TN 
John J. Wiggins, Businessman, Plainfield, IN 
Glen Williams, Judge, Abingdon, VA 
Calvin L. Wilson, Jr., Businessman, Johnson City, TN 
Ron Zimmerman, Businessman, Indianapolis, IN 

Non-voting 

Ruth Cook (Faculty), Milligan College, TN (2005-2007) 
Pat Magness (Faculty), Milligan College, TN (2004-2006) 

Trustees emeritus 

Russell F. Blowers, Minister, Indianapolis, IN 

Horace W Dabney, Retired Businessman, Louisville, KY 

W Edward Fine, Minister, Johnson City, TN 

Omer Hamlin, Jr., Retired College Administrator, Lexington, KY 

Donald B. Marshall, Minister, Elizabethton, TN 

Harold Zimmerman, Retired Business Executive, Indianapolis, IN 

milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Board of Advisors 

Advisors, who are drawn from contributing churches, serve as advocates for the College and 
liaisons betmen Milligan College and the supporting churches. Advisors regularly attend 
College Hoard meetings, are active members of Board committees, and may make recom- 
mendations to the board of Trustees. 

Jackie Acker, Retired Educator, Akron, OH 

Michael Alread, Businessman, Johnson City, TN 

Margaret Anderson, Attorney, Johnson City, TN 

Tom Banks, Attorney, Elizabethton, TN 

Carol Barker, Retired Educator, Belcamp, MD 

Philip Blowers, Attorney, Indianapolis, IN 

Darla Bowes, Churchwoman, Lock Haven, PA 

Gerry Brooks, Minister, Lexington, KY 

Perry Carroll, Educator, King, NC 

Brian P. Clark, Businessman, Lexington, KY 

Samuel H. Clark, Jr., Retired, Bristol, TN 

Alvin Covell, Minister, Frankton, IN 

Lee Cox, Minister, Columbus, OH 

E. Richard Crabtree, Minister, Colorado Springs, CO 

Dennis Dove, Businessman, Shelbyville, KY 

Ronald Dove, Jr., Attorney, Derwood, MD 

Scott W French, Businessman, Fredrick, MD 

Linda Gibbons, Churchwoman, Western Springs, IL 

Jack Gilbert, Executive, Indianapolis, IN 

Dan Harding, Businessman, Chesterfield, VA 

Mignon Holben, Churchwoman, Gray, TN 

Clint Holloway, Minister, Nashville, TN 

Brad Hopton, Businessman, Madison, NJ 

Anne Hughes, Musician, Dickinson, TX 

David C. Hughston, Insurance Executive, Brownsville, TX 

Chris Jefferson, Businessman, Avon, IN 

Rob Kastens, Minister, Joppa, MD 

Scott Kent, Businessman, Libertyville, IL 

Betsy Magness, Worship Coordinator, Johnson City, TN 

Karl M. Marshall, Minister, Paris, IL 

Kathleen G. Mclnturf, Educator, Jonesborough, TN 

Mark Miller, Businessman, Lake Worth, FL 

David Mize, Associate Minister, Ironton, OH 

B. J. Moore, Businessman, Greeneville, TN 

Ed B. Notestine, Educator, East Point, GA 

Steve Poston, Associate Minister, Louisville, KY 

Rick Raines, Minister, Mechanicsville, VA 

Ken Richardson, Businessman, Clayton, IN 

John Russell, Minister, Ft. Mitchell, KY 

John C. Samples, Ministry, Fishers, IN 

James D Saunders, Minister, Gray, TN 

Rich Shanks, Businessman, Louisville, KY 

Ralph Sims, Retired Minister, Johnson City TN 

Ted Smith, Businessman, Indianapolis, IN 

Ron Spotts, Businessman, Beech Creek, PA 

Pat Stuart, Educator, Jacksonville, FL 

Max Stucker, Retired C.P.A., Hinsdale, IL 

R. Mark Webb, Businessman, Ft. Myers, FL 

Glynn Wells, M.D, Physician, Abingdon, MD 

Jerry Williams, Minister, Indianapolis, IN 

Robert L. Williams, Educator, Linden, PA 

Brian Woodward, Associate Minister, Springfield, VA 

Bill R. Worrell, Minister, Knightstown, IN 

Marie Wright, Educator, Frankfort, KY 



134 administration 



Administration 

Office of the President 

President 

Administrative Assistant 

Chancellor 

Budget Director 

Director of Institutional Research and Effectiveness Sue H. Skidmore, MA 

Director of the Institute for Servant Leadership Elizabeth J. Anderson, MA 



Donald R. Jeanes, DX>. 

Yicki Warkoczeski, BALE. 

Marshall J. Leggett, DD 

Christopher R. Rolph, MAL, CPA 



Academic Affairs 

Via President for Academic Affairs and Dean 

Administrative Assistant 

Associate Dean and Registrar 

Associate Registrar 

Assistant Registrar 

Office Manager 

Chair of Biblical Learning 

Chair of Humane Learning 

Director of Humanities 



Mark A. Matson, PhD. 

Carmen Allen, BA 

Sue H Skidmore, MA 

Stacy R. TrameL MS.W. 

Lainev A. Howard. MA. 

Car ri e Shaw 

R. David Roberts, DAEn. 

jack L. Knowles, PhD. 

Craig S. Famer, PhD. 

Jill A. LeRoy-Frazier, PhD. 



Director of Writing 

Chair of Performing, \ IsuaL and Communicative Arts Richard Major, MFA 

Office Manager Melodie Perry, BA 

Secretary (Music/ Communications, Theatre) Rita Myers 



Chair of Business 
Director of the MBA- 
Office Manager (MBA.) 
Chair of Education 
Coordinator of Field Experience 
Director of Teacher Certification 
Office Manager (Teacher Education) 
Secretarv (Teacher Education! 
Secretary (Teacher Education) 
Secretary (HPXS) 
Chair and Director of Nursing 
Secretary 

Chair and Director of Occupational Therapy 
Fiddwork Coordinator 
Chair of Scientific Learning 
Chair of Social Learning 
Director of Academic Advising 
Director of lifelong Ti ming 
Office Manager 
Computer Network Manager 



William B. Greer, PhD 

John C Keyt, DBA. 

Melodie Perry, BA 

Beverly L. Schmalzried, PhD. 

Donald R. Schmalzried, EdD. 

Lyn C Howell, PhD. 

Karen Hill Julian. B A 

Shelly Haines, A\_S. 

Karen Yoke 

Tammy Wolfe, B A 

Melinda K. Coffins, MSN. 

Linda Tipton 

Christy IsbelL PhD. 

Christy ___ Fellers, MS.O.T. 

Diane E. Junker, PhD 

Susan G. Higgins, PhD. 

John Paul Abner. PhD. 

Milton Carter, MA 

Rhonda Taylor 

Chris Haskins, BA 

Mark Nester 

Tracee Tohnson, B_>. 



Information Technology Manager 

IT Asistant Manager and Database Administrator 

Information Technology and Communications Technician Curtis Huskins 

Director of Developmental Programs Nancv S. Ross, MEd. 

Director of Library Services Steven L. Preston, MJLS. 

Archives Ginger Dillon, B A 

Office Manager Jan Ricker 

Public Services Librarian Tamara Pettit, MJSJ.S. 

Reference and Collection Development librarian Gary F. Daught, MA-LrLLS. 

Technical Services Manager June Leonard 

Director of Testing Lainev A. Howard, MA 

Business and Finance 

Via President for Business and Finance foe G. Wbitaker, BS., CPA. 

Associate Via President for Business and Finana Christopher R. Rnlpb, MIL, CPA 

Administrative Asistant Carolvn Gentry 

Accounts Payable Clerk and Mailroom Supervisor Sharon Pridemore 

Bookstore Manager Jack Presnell 

Director of Smdent Financial Services Rebecca Brewster, MBA 

Coordinator of Financial Aid Diane L. Keasling, B_>. 

Technical Specialist Debbie Street 



Student Financial Counselors 



Director of Personnel and Work Study Coordinator 

Coordinator of Student Accounts 

Cashier 

Switchboard Receptionist 
Service Manager - Facilities 
Service Manager - Housekeeping 
Service Manager - Landscaping/' Grounds 

Secretary 

Enrollment Management 



Director of Graduate Admissions 
Director of Student Success 

Admissions Counselors 



Call Center Manager 
Campus Visits Coordinator 
Office Manager 
Office Secretary 

Institutional Advancement 

Via President for ht\6tuimi alAh a Mce m en: 
Associate Via President for CommunicatioKS 
Assistant to the President 
astant to the President 
Asistant to the President 
Assistant to the President for Church Relations 
Director of Alumni Relations 
Director of Development 
Public Relations Coordinator 
Communications Assistant 
Sports Information Coordinator 
Asistant for Gift Management 
Scholarship Program Coordinator 



I-.. r._ _____.-!; 

Sharon Grearri 

Elaine Knowlton 

Linda H. Lawson, BA 

Patty Edwards, A\_5. 

Judy McNeil 

Lisa Bowman, RB A 

miii-ir. R :._-.?: r_. 5.5 

Theresa McC__>rv 

Kevin Hurley, BA 

Sandy Devton 



. '_.-, z '■.'.'. _.__-l 

lir-t r_--.if.T_ :.- 

Trad Smith, MXS. 

Rachel Covey, B A 

Hi-i.tr _ r-;-. r 5 

Aaron Gfller, B_5. 

Aimee Miller, BAL 

Andrew Parka; BA 

JonFouE_,BA 

Tammy Wolfe, BA 

Betty M. Carter 

EDie Patterson, BA 



Foddl^ mis, MA. 

A.heeFiaia^t,MA. 

Robert P. Young, MA 

_:>. ... 5_r.r iT ri 

Kevin Harkey, MA 

Eugene H. Wigginton, DD. 

Theresa M. Garbe, BA 

Joseph C Wise, RS. 

Chandrea Shell, RS 

Jon Fbulk, BA 

Glen Ren.ro, B_5. 

Shirley Brookshire 

Nande Rogers, RS 



Student Development 

Via President for Student Development 

Administrative Assistant 

Campus Minister 

Director of Athletics 

Baseball Coach 

Director of Intramurals 

Basketball Coach (Men] and Golf Coach 

Basketball Coach (Women) 

Cross Country and Track Coach (Men and Women) 

Soccer Coach (Men and Women) 

Softball Coach 

Tennis Coach 'Men 

Tennis Coach (Women) 

Yolievball Coach 

Director of Career Devdopment 



___e__I_n}_____L_4 

..-- E__:er 

Nathan Flora, MDiv. 

Ray Smith, RS. 

Danny L Clark, MEd. 

Tony WaD-Ogford, MA 
Rich Aubrey, EdD 

_>__.: Li' '-.. Z 5 

David Dixon, RS 

WesHoHy 

Rich Aubrey. EdD. 

Marvin Glover, MS 

Kim Deacon Hyatt, MAEcL 

Ttad Smith, MTS. 

Director of Counseling and Freshman Programs Bertram S. Allen, Jr, EdD. 
Counsdors John Paul Abner, PhD-, Lori L- Mills, PhD. 

Director of Student Life Kim Parker, M Div. 

Resident Directors Jess Carter, BJ5. 

Joy Hawkins, RS 
Kevin Huriey. BA 
Apartment Manager Kent Pettit, B_A 

Health Clinic Nurse Shannon Rowe, BJS.N 

Yearbook Faculty Advisor Simon J. Dahlman. MA 

Campus Acridities Assistant Jess Carte-; RS 

- ;a- ._ s-ge --a:.-: :a_s_c • Z:_--._ • .v.... ~ ; = --__ 



faculty 135 



Regular Ranked Faculty 

John Paul ' Abner, Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy and Psychology (1999), 

B.A., Middle Tennessee State University; M.S. and Ph.D., University of 

Florida. 
Bertram S. Allen, Jr., Professor of Psychology (1979), B.A., Milligan College; M.Ed. 

and Ed.D., Lehigh University; University of Maryland. 
M. Alice Anthony, Assistant Professor of Art (1991), B.S., The University of 

Memphis; M.EA., East Tennessee State University. 
Kiihye 11". Beck, Associate Professor of Sociology (1994), B.A., Lambuth College; 

M.A., Memphis State University; Ph.D., University of Florida. 
Nicholas D. Blosser, Assistant Professor of Art (1991), B.F.A. and M.F.A., The 

Ohio State University. 
Helen M. Bowman, Assistant Professor of the Practice of Education (2003), B.S. and 

M.A., East Tennessee State University. 
Kellie D. Brown, Assistant Professor of Music (1998), B.M.E. and Ed.D, East 

Tennessee State University; M.M., Appalachian State University; Furman 

University; University of Virginia. 
Carolyn W. Carter, Professor of Computer Information Systems and Business 

Administration (1984), B.S. and M.A., East Tennessee State University; 

M.S.C.S.E., University of Evansville; Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic 

Institute and State University. 
Teresa A. Carter, Assistant Professor of Computer Information Systems (2005), B.S., 

Milligan College; M.S., University of Phoenix 
Tausha L. Clay, Assistant Professor of the Practice of Education (2005), B.S., M.Ed., 

and Ed.D. Candidate, East Tennessee State University. 
Melinda K Collins, Associate Professor of Nursing (1994), M.S.N., Vanderbilt 

University; Ph.D. Candidate, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; 

East Tennessee State University. 
Ruth McDowell Cook, Professor of English and Humanities (1998), B.A., Trevecca 

Nazarene University; M.A., Eastern Illinois University; Ph.D., University 

of South Carolina; University of Central Arkansas; Bowling Green State 

University; Clemson University. 
Simon]. Dahlman, Associate Professor of Communications (1999), B.A., Milligan 

College; M.A., University of Cincinnati; Emmanuel School of Religion; 

Springdale College, Birmingham, England; London School of 

Journalism. 
Tim Dillon, Professor of History and Humanities (1982), B.A., Milligan College; 

MA. and Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison; Emmanuel School 

of Religion. 
Linda L Doan, Professor of Human Performance and Exercise Science (1983), B.A., 

Wittenberg University; M.Ed., Xavier University; Ed.D, East Tennessee 

State University. 
Joy R Drinnon, Associate Professor of Psychology (1999), B.S., East Tennessee State 

University; M.A. and Ph.D., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Mary M. Yahick, Associate Professor of Nursing (1996), B.S.N., Southwest Missouri 

State University; M.Ed., Drury College; M.S.N., Bellarmine College; East 

Tennessee State University. 
Craig S. Farmer, The Joel O. and Mabel Stephens Chair of Bible and Associate 

Professor of History and Humanities (1993), B.A., Haverford College; M.A., 

University of Chicago; Ph.D., Duke University; Universitat Augsburg. 
Billye Joyce Fine, Assistant Professor of Education (2002), B.A., Milligan College; 

M.Ed., University of South Florida; Ed.D, Nova Southeastern 

University. 
Marvin E. Glover, Jr., Associate Professor of Mathematics (1990), B.S., Athens State 

College; M.S., Vanderbilt University. 
William B. Greer, J. Henry Kegley Honorary Chair of Business and Economics and 

Associate Professor of Business and Economics (1994), B.A., Milligan College; 

M.B.A., East Tennessee State University; Ph.D., The University of 

Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Teresa A. Heaton, Assistant Professor of Nursing (2005), B.S.N, and M.P.H., East 

Tennessee State University. 
W. Dennis Helsabeck, Jr., The Henry and Emerald Webb Chair of History and 

Associate Professor of History (1982-1984, 1989), B.S., University of 

Wisconsin-Madison; M.S., Indiana University-Bloomington; M.A., 
University of Oregon; M.A., Luther Seminar)'; Emmanuel School of 
Religion, 
milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



Susan Gayle Higgins, Professor of Sociology (1977), B.A., Lincoln Christian College; 

M.A. and Ph.D., Indiana University. 
Charles M. Horvath, Assistant Professor of Business Administration (2003), B.S. and 

M.B.A., Pennsylvania State University; M.Div., Gordon-Conwell 

Theological Seminary; Ph.D., University of Massachusetts. 
Lyn C. Howell, Assistant Professor of Education (2001), B.A., Marshall University; 

M.S., University of La Verne; M.Ed., Georgia Southwestern; Ph.D., 

University of New Mexico. 
Kimberly D. Hyatt, Assistant Professor of Human Performance and Exercise Science 

(2002), B.S., Milligan College; M.A.Ed., Tusculum College; Tennessee 

Technological University. 
Christy Isbell, Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy (1998), B.S. and M.H.S., 

Medical University of South Carolina; Ph.D., The University of 

Tennessee, Knoxville. 
John R Jackson, Assistant Professor of Bible and Humanities (2005), B.A. and 

M.Div., Abilene Christian University; S.T.M., Drew University; Ph.D. 

Candidate, Duke University. 
Diane E. Junker, Professor of Chemistry and Nursing (1984-88; 1992), B.S. and 

B.S.N., Milligan College; M.S.N., The University of Tennessee, 

Knoxville; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh. 
Patrick N. Kariuki, Associate Professor of Education (1995), B.A., Lee College; 

M.A. and Ed.D, East Tennessee State University. 
Karen L. Kelly, Associate Professor of Biology and Occupational Therapy (1993), B.S., 

Milligan College; Ph.D., University of California at Los Angeles. 
Philip D. Kenneson, Associate Professor of Theology and Philosophy (1992), B.A., 

Butler University; M.Div., Emmanuel School of Religion; Ph.D., Duke 

University. 
John C. Keyt, Professor of Marketing and Business Administration (2004), B.S. and 

M.B.A., East Tennessee State University; DBA., The University of 

Tennessee, Knoxville; University of Virginia. 
Phyllis A. King, Associate Professor of Nursing (1995), B.S.N., East Tennessee 

State University; M.S.N., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Char/ene L. Riser, Associate Professor of Humanities (1989), B.A., Milligan College; 

M.A. and M.A., East Tennessee State University; The University of 

Tennessee, Knoxville; Ph.D. Candidate, Virginia Polytechnic Institute 

and State University; Michigan Technological University; University of 

Oxford. 
Jack L. Knowles, Professor of English (1970), B.A., Milligan College; M.A. and 

Ph.D., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; The Ohio State 

University; University of Oxford. 
Gary L. Leek, Associate Professor of Biology (1998), B.S., University of Missouri; 

M.S., Auburn University; Ph.D., Michigan State University. 
Jill A. LeRoy-Frasjer, Associate Professor of Humanities and English (2001), B.A., 

University of Louisville; M.A. and Ph.D., University of Michigan. 
Richard D. Lura, Professor of Chemistry (1971-1985, 1988), B.S., University of 

Wisconsin-Madison; Ph.D., Iowa State University; Medical College of 

Virginia. 
/. LeeMagness, Britton Professor of Bible and \ r era Britton Chair of Bible (1983), 

B.A., Milligan College; M.Div., Emmanuel School of Religion; Ph.D., 

Emory University; Vanderbilt University. 
Patricia P. Magness, Professor of Humanities (1984), B.A., Milligan College; M.A., 

Vanderbilt University; Ph.D., Emory University; Boise State University, 

Georgia State University. 
Robert L Mahan, Jr., Associate Professor of Accounting (1988), B.B.A., Grand 

Valley State College; MAcc, University of Georgia; Argosy University; 

Certified Public Accountant. 
C. Richard Major, Professor of Theatre (1985), B.A., Milligan College; M.F.A., 

Michigan State University; Ohio University. 
Mark A. Matson, Vice President for Academic Affairs and Dean and Associate 

Professor of Bible (1985-1990, 1999), B.S., California State University, 

Humboldt; M.Div., Emmanuel School of Religion; Ph.D., Duke 

University; University of California, San Diego; Fuller Theological 

Seminary; Shasta Bible College. 
Jeffrey D Miller, Associate Professor of Bible (1999), B.Th. and B.A., Nebraska 

Christian College; M.Div, Emmanuel School of Religion; Ph.D., Iliff 

School of Theology and The University of Denver. 



136 faculty 



Lori L. Mills, Associate Professor of Psychology (1993-1999, 2000), BA, Milligan 

College; MA and PhD.. University of Louisville. 
K. Bruce Montgomery, Associate Professor of Communications (1995), B.S.L, 

Minnesota Bible College; MDiv, Chris rian Theological Seminary; PhD, 

Bowling Green State University. 
Norma J. Morrison, Professor of Education (19S2), AA, Indian River junior 

College; BA, Florida State University, MAT. and EdD, East 

Tennessee State University Milligan College; University of Oregon. 
Isaac L. Nidiffer, Assistant Professor of the Practice of Mathematics (1995), B.S. and 

M.S., East Tennessee State University. 
Mark W. Peacock, Associate Professor of Legal Studies (199S), B.S, Eastern Illinois 

Universitv; ].D., Northern Illinois University College of Law; Emmanuel 

School of Religion. 
DaridA. Roberts, Assistant Professor of the Practice of Physics (1976), BA., 

Bloomsburg State College; M.S., George Washington State University, 

MDiv., Emmanuel School of Religion. 
R. David Roberts, Kenneth E. Starke}' Chair of Bible and Christian Ministries and 

Professor of Bible (1982), A.B., Milligan College; MDiv. and DMin, 

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. 
Carol A. Roose, Professor of Education (1989), B.S., MA, and PhD, Kent State 

Universitv, Case Western Reserve University. 
Nancy S. Ross, Assistant Professor of the Practice of Developmental Studies (1990), 

BA., Milligan College; M.Ed., East Tennessee State L'niversity. 
David C. Runner, Professor of Music (1972), BAL, Boise State University; MM 

and DALA, Eastman School of Music; University of Rochester. 
P. Josie R)an, Assistant Professor of Mathematics (2004), BA, Milligan College; 

MA, Wake Forest University; Ph.D., Universitv of South Carolina. 
R, Samples, Assistant Professor of Nursing 12005), B.S.N. and MS.N, East 

Tennessee State University. 
Beverly L. Scbmalcrried Professor of Education (2003), B.S., Fort Hays State 

University, MS., Kansas State University Ph.D., Florida State Llniversity. 
Donald R. Scbmai^ried, Professor of the Practice of E ' -003), B.S., Fort 

Havs Kansas State College; MS., Kansas State College of Pittsburgh; 

EdD, Oklahoma State University. 
Rick L. Simerly, Associate Professor of Music (2001), B.S. and MA, East 

Tennessee State University. 
John C Simonsen, Associate Professor of Human Performance and Exercise S deuce 

(1999), BA, Furman University, MBA, Clemson University ,/Furman 

Universitv; MS., Texas Tech Universitv; Ph.D., The Ohio State 

Universitv: Reformed Theological Seminarv. 
I ictoria L. Sitter. Assodaie Professor of Business Administration (1995), BA, East 

Tennessee State University, M.S., The University of Tennessee, 

Knoxville; PhD. Regent University. 
S '?::•!- . Assistant Professor of Occupational Therapy (2004), B.S., Central 

^Echigan Universitv; MS.O.T., Western Michigan University. 
Jeffrey E. Snodgrass, Assistant Professor of Occupational Therapy (2002), B.S., 

Eastern Kentucky Universitv; MP.H., East Tennessee State Universitv; 

Touro Universitv International. 
Kenneth L. Suit. Jr., Associate Professor of Communications (2001), BA, Baylor 

University, MFA, Ohio Universitv. 
Carrie B. Swanay, Associate Professor of Communications (1990-1998, 1999), B.S. 

and MA, East Tennessee State University, PhD, \1rginia Polytechnic 

Institute and State L'niversirv. 
Theodore N. Thomas, Associate Professor of Humanities, Hisiory, and German (1999), 

AA., Northeastern Christian Junior College; BA, Pepperdine 

University, MA. and PhD, LTnfversitv of Maryland. 
Julia K Wade, Professor of Biology (1984), B.S., East Tennessee State Universitv; 

M.S., University of Kentucky, MS. Cornell Universitv; PhD, The 

University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
JohnC. Wakefield, Associate Professor of Music (1974-1980, 1998), BA, 

MacMurray College; M.M., Northwestern L'niversirv; Yale Universitv; 

Emmanuel School of Religion; Fuller Theological Seminarv. 
Gar, 0. Wallace, Professor of Biology (1967-1968, 19'1), B.S., Austin Peay State 

College; MA and Ph.D., The Universitv of Tennessee, Knoxville. 



Carolyn At Woolard, Associate Professor of French (1972), B A, Bridgewater 
College; B.S., East Tennessee State Universitv; MA, Universitv of 
Kentucky- DALL. Candidate, Middleburv College; University of 

Strasbourg. 



Administrative Faculty 

Tract N. Brinn, Director of Enrollment Management (1995), RS, Milligan College; 

MA, East Tennessee State L'niversity. 
E. Carter. Director of Lifelong Learning (1997), RS- and MA, East 

Tennessee State University. 
Gary F. Daiight, Reference and Collection Development Librarian (2005), B.S, 

University of Florida; MDfv., New Orleans Baptist Theological 

Seminary, ThAL, Union Theological Seminarv; MA-LRL-S, Universitv 

of Arizona. 
Christ) M. Fellers, O.T. Fitldwork Coordinator (2005), B.S. and MS.O.T, Milligan 

College 
A. Lee Fierbaugb, Assoc ;: 7 '-esidenf for Communications f/9941 RS, Milligan 

College; MA, Regent University. 
Mark P. Fox, T 'ice President for Student Development (1998), B.S, Mflligan College; 

MBA, Western Carolina University East Tennessee State University. 
Nathan M Flora. Campus Minister (1999), BA, Milligan College; MDiv., 

Emmanuel School of Religion. 
Lainey A. Hon •ard. Assistant Registrar and Director of Testing (2004), B.S. and 

MA, East Tennessee State University. 
Donald R. Jeanes, President (199'), BA and DD, Milligan College; MDiv, 

Emmanuel School of Religion; Emory University; L'niversitv of 

Kentucky at Lexington; Middle Tennessee State Universitv. 
Mark A. Malsm. T ire President for Academic Affain and Dean and Associate 

Professor of Bible (1985-1990, 1999), RS, California State University, 

Humboldt; MDfv., Emmanuel School of Religion; PhD., Duke 

Universitv; L nfversitv of California, San Diego; Fuller Theological 

Seminary Shasta Bible College. 
L. ToddNorris, Vice President for Institutional Advancement (1997), B.S. and MA, 

East Tennessee State University. 
Tamara 0. Pettit, Public Services Librarian (1995), BA, King College; MSi.S.. 

The L'nfversity of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Steven L. Preston, Director of Library Services (1981), AB., Universitv of Georgia; 

ML-S., University of Oklahoma; Georgia Institute of Technology. 
Sue Hilbert Skidmore, Associate Dean, Registrar and Director of Institutional Research 

and Effectiveness (1980), BA, Milligan College; MA, East Tennessee State 

University. 
Tract J. Smith, Director of Student Success and Career Development (2002), BA, 

Milligan College; MT.S, Duke University. 
..- R. TrameL Associate Registrar (1995), BA, Milligan College; MS.W, 

Universitv of Kentucky. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



faculty 137 



Adjunct Faculty 

William A. Albright, Adjunct Instructor of Geograp/y (2005), B.S. and M.A., East 

Tennessee State University. 
Richard H. Aubrey, Adjunct Instructor of Human Performance and Exercise Science 

J0994), B.A. and M.Ed., Milligan College; Ed.D., East Tennessee State 
University. 
Thomas 1 '. Barkes, Adjunct Instructor of Computer Information Systems (1 985), B.S., 
Milligan College; M.T.S., College of William and Mary; M.S.C.S.E., 
University of Evansville; East Tennessee State University; University of . 
Maryland-Baltimore; Morgan State University. 
Fay H. Bembry, Adjunct Instructor of Nursing (2004), B.S., David Lipscomb 

» University; M.S.N., Vanderbilt University. 

Ted W. Booth, Adjunct Instructor of Humanities (2005), B.A., Milligan College; 

M.S.S.W, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; M.A.R., Emmanuel 

School of Religion. 
Justin L. Butler, Adjunct Instructor of Applied Music (2002), B.M., Appalachian 

State University. 
David A. But-yt, Adjunct Instructor of Music (2004), B.M., University of 

Michigan; M.Div., Emmanuel School of Religion; Catholic University of 

America. 
Danny J. Clark, Adjunct Instructor of Human Performance and Exercise Science 

»(1999), B.S., East Tennessee State University; M.Ed., Lincoln Memorial 
University; Walters State Community College. 
W. Darrell Corpening, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (1994), B.S. and 
M.S., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; M.B.A., East Tennessee 
State University. 

► Thomas F. Cranford, Adjunct Instructor of Music (1996), B.M., The University of 
Tennessee, Knoxville; M.M., San Francisco Conservatory of Music. 
H. Edward Dalton, Jr., Adjunct Instructor of Applied Music (2002), B.M., East 

Tennessee State University. 
Eleanor A. Daniel, Adjunct Instructor of Christian Education (1994), B.A. and M.A., 

r Lincoln Christian College and Seminary; M.Ed, and Ph.D., University of 

Illinois; Midwest Christian College; University of Central Oklahoma; 
Oklahoma State University; Christian Theological Seminary. 
Donna Kay Dial, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (2004), B.A., M.S., 

and Ph.D., Florida State University; Milligan College; Manatee Junior 

College; University of Richmond. 
Douglas P. Dottenveich, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (1999), B.A., 

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; M.A. and Ph.D., University of 

Delaware. 
Anne B. Elliott, Adjunct Instructor of Music (1999), B.A., Coastal Carolina 

College; M.C.M., Southern Baptist Theological Seminary; East 

Tennessee State University. 
Thomas P. Garst, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (2005), B.A. and 

M.S., Wright State University; M.A. and Ph.D., The University of 

Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Deborah B. Gouge, Adjunct Instructor of Music Education (2002), B.S.M.E. and 

M.Ed., East Tennessee State University; The University of Tennessee, 

Knoxville. 
D. Kathleen Hamilton, Adjunct Instructor of Applied Music (2003), B.M., Miami 

University; M.M., The Florida State University. 
Troy D. Hammond, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (2004), B.S., 

Milligan College; B.S., Georgia Institute of Technology; Ph.D., 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
W. Patrick Hardy, Adjunct Instructor of Political Science (1999), B.S. and M.C.M., 

East Tennessee State University; Tennessee State University; Blackburn 

College; Howard College. 
Thomas P. Homsby, Adjunct Instructor of Public Leadership and Service (2004), B.S., 

East Tennessee State University. 
Michael C Imboden, Adjunct Instructor of Music (2001), B.A., Milligan College; 

M.Ed., East Tennessee State University. 
George J. Kera/is, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (2004), B.S., Milligan 

College; M.Acc, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Scott A. Koenig, Adjunct Instructor of Communications (2005), B.A., SUNY College, 

Cortland; East Tennessee State University. 



Sharon S. Milter, Adjunct Instructor of Nursing (2005), B.S.N., Lcnoir-Rhyne 

College. 
Nicole N. Misterly, Adjunct Instructor of Health Care Administration (2000), B.S.W., 

Abilene Christian University; M.H.A., University of North Florida. 
Michael W. Morgan, Adjunct Instructor of Music (2002), B.M. and M.A., 

Appalachian State University. 
Keith M. Nakojf Adjunct Instructor of Communications (2002), B.S., Milligan 

College; M.S., East Tennessee State University. 
/. Eugene Nix, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry (1967), B.S., M.S., and Ed.D, 

University of Georgia; West Georgia College; Fort Hays Kansas State 

College; Oak Ridge Associated University. 
Tammy II". 'Hare, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (2001), B.B.A. 

and M.B.A., East Tennessee State University. 
Beth Quick-Brown, Adjunct Instructor of Nursing (1996-99; 2004), B.S.N., 

University of Colorado; G.N.P. and M.S.N., Texas Woman's University. 
Rebecca L. Palut^i, Adjunct Instructor of Applied Music (2005), B.M. and M.M., 

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Christopher A. Rollston, Adjunct Instructor of Bible (2003), B.Rel., Great Lakes 

Christian College; M.A.R., Emmanuel School of Religion; M.A. and 

Ph.D., ]ohns Hopkins University. 
David H. Sensibaugh, Adjunct Instructor of Business Administration (1991), B.A. and 

M.B.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 
Allen Sharp, Adjunct Instructor of Political Science (1997), A.B., George 

Washington University; M.A., Butler University; J.D, Indiana University; 

Indiana State Teachers College; Ball State University. 
Ron W. Sheppard, Adjunct Instructor of Occupational Therapy (2004), B.S., East 

Carolina University; University of St. Augustine; Carson Newman 

College. 
Rosemarie K Shields, Assistant Professor Emeritus of Humanities (1984), B.A., 

Milligan College; M.A., Illinois State LIniversity; The University of 

North Carolina, Chapel Hill; The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 
Danny D. Smith, Adjunct Instructor of Human Performance and Exercise Science 

(1991), B.S., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; M.A., East 

Tennessee State University, DPT, University of St. Augustine. 
Karen E. Smith, Adjunct Instructor of Applied Music (2003), B.M., Louisiana State 

University; M.M., University of Cincinnati-Conservator)' of Music. 
John W. Thurman, Adjunct Instructor of Psychology (2005), B.S., University of 

Georgia; Ph.D., Fuller Theological Seminary. 
Rita M. Trivette, Adjunct Instructor of Nursing (2002), A.S.N, and B.S.N., East 

Tennessee State University. 
D. Anthony Wallingford, Adjunct Instructor of Human Performance and Exercise 

Science (1987-1994, 1995), B.A., Washington and Jefferson College; M.A., 

The University of Akron; Milligan College. 
Harold L. Whitman, Adjunct Instructor of Education (1998), B.S., Shepherd 

College; M.S. and Ed.D, West Virginia University. 
Sarah B. Wilson, Adjunct Instructor of Humanities (2005), B.A., Columbia 

University; M.A., Georgetown University; M.A., Brooklyn College, 

CUNY. 
Ruby Wiseman, Adjunct Instructor of Nursing (2004), B.S.N., East Tennessee State 

University. 
Aaron J. Wymer, Adjunct Instructor of Bible (2002), B.S., University of Florida; 

M.Div, Emmanuel School of Religion. 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



138 faculty | scholarship programs and endowment funds 



Faculty Associates 



Because Milligan College wishes to continue its relationships with those who 
have given unusual service as faculty or administrators, special status has been 
conferred on the following individuals who are no longer serving in a full- 
time capacity. 

Patricia J. homier, Professor Emeritus of Human Performance and Exercise 

Science (1966) 
Rowena Bowers, Associate Professor Emeritus of Health and Physical 

Education (1958) 
Terr)' J. Dibble, Professor Emeritus of English (1971) 
P/yllis Dampier Fontaine, Registrar Emeritus (1 963) 
Charles W. Gee, Professor Emeritus of Biology and Education (1 967) 
William C. Gwaltney, Jr., Professor Emeritus of Bible (1964) 
Robert B. Hall, Professor Emeritus of Sociology (1967) 
Howard A. Hayes, Professor Emeritus of Bible (1967) 
W. Dennis Helsabeck, Sr., Professor Emeritus of Counseling (1963) 
Ann lies, Associate Professor Emeritus of Humanities and English (1 975) 
Virginia Laws, Assistant Professor Emeritus of Secretarial Science (1 974) 
John W. Neth, Director Emeritus of the PH. Welshimer Library (1953-1959, 

1962) 
Loretta M. Nitschke, Assistant Professor Emeritus of Business Administration 

(1986) 
J. Ei/gene Nix, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry (1967) 
G. Richard Phillips, Professor Emeritus of Bible (1967) 
Eugene P. Price, Professor Emeritus of Economics and Business (1 949) 
Donald R. Shaffer, Associate Professor Emeritus of German (1963-1968, 1973) 
Rosemarie K Shields, Assistant Professor Emeritus of Humanities (1984) 
Earl Stuckmbrttck, Associate Professor Emeritus of Bible (1951-1952, 1968) 
Evelyn Thomas, Adjunct Professor Emeritus of Music (1976) 
Dnard B. Walker, Professor Emeritus of Human Performance and Exercise 

Science (1951) 
Henry E. Webb, Dean E. Walker Professor Emeritus of Church History (1950) 
C. Robert Wetzel, Professor-at-Large (1961) 



Scholarship Programs 
and Endowment Funds 



Endowed Chairs 

The Joel O. and Mabel Stephens Chair of Bible: 

Associate Professor Craig S. Farmer 
The Kenneth E. Starkey Chair of Bible and Christian Ministries: 

Professor R. David Roberts 
The Vera Britton Chair of Bible: 

Professor J. Lee Magness 
The J. Henry Kegley Honorary Chair of Business and Economics: 

Associate Professor William Burl Greer 
The Henry and Emerald Webb Chair of History: 

Associate Professor W Dennis Helsabeck 
The Mountain States Health Alliance Chair of Nursing 

Associate Professor Melinda K. Collins 

Churches or the individuals desiring information concerning these programs 
may write to the President of the College. 



Foundational Endowments 

These funds have been established by the college and its donors to support 
long-range funding needs in specific areas deemed to institutional priorities. 
The specific initiatives below each foundational endowment have been estab- 
lished by individuals or groups. 



The Alumni Scholarship Endowment 

To multiply the impact of endowment funds given by alumni of the college 
for the benefit of students with financial need. 



Class Funds 




The 1968 Class Fund 


The 1985 Class Fund 


The 1976 Class Fund 


The 1986 Class Fund 


The 1979 Class Fund 


The 1987 Class Fund 


The 1980 Class Fund 


The 1988 Class Fund 


The 1981 Class Fund 


The 1989 Class Fund 


The 1982 Class Fund 


The 1990 Class Fund 


The 1983 Class Fund 





The Young Alumni Scholarship Endowment 

Milligan Friends Scholarship 

The Christian Leaders Scholarship Endowment 

To educate Christian leaders for the church and society 

The Appalachian Scholarship Endowment 

To educate the next generation of leaders in the Appalachian region. 

The Appalachian Scholarship Endowment 

To educate scholar athletes and advance Milligan athletic programs. 
The Milligan College Varsity Club Endowment 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



scholarship programs and endowment funds 139 



Named, Funded Scholarship Endowments 

The Allen Academic Science Scholarship 

The Ira and Irene Atkinson Scholarship Fund 

The Thomas A. Barnard, Sr. Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The Bird)' Black Scholarship Fund 

The Kate Rice Blankenship Memorial Scholarship 

The Blountville Christian Church Memorial Scholarship 

The B. E. and Irene E. Boyce Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The Mr. and Mrs. Floyd L. Broyles Scholarship Fund 

The Clarence and Lela Anderson Brumit Memorial Fund 

The Vivian Wells Bryson Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The Ruth Buchanan Memorial Scholarship 

The Charles E. and Florence A. Burns Scholarship 

The Donald E. Bush Scholarship Fund 

The Bill and Pearl Carrier Scholarship 

The Benjamin Morris Chambers, MD, Scholarship 

The Paul and Barbara Clark Education Scholarship 

The Edith Beckler Cottrell Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The Christopher Ryan Cox Golf Scholarship 

The Samuel C. and Mary Elizabeth Crabtree Scholarship Fund 

The Curriss Scholarship Fund 

The Davidson Scholarship Fund 

The Kathryn Bell Davis Scholarship Fund 

The [eremy S. Duncan Memorial Scholarship 

The Mary and Thurman Earon Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The Edens Pleasant Home Carpet Company Scholarship Fund 

The Elizabethton Newspapers Scholarship Fund 

The Ellsworth-Allen Academic Music Scholarship 

The Harold and Helen Eswine Memorial Scholarships 

The Melvin L. and Rosemary T Farmer Scholarship for Asian Students 

The W. Edward and Billye Joyce Fine Endowed Scholarship 

The John and Minnie Burns Fugate Scholarship Fund 

The Donald Gaily Scholarships 

The Marvin W. Gilliam, Sr. Scholarship Fund 

The Grant Brothers (Sons of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Grant) Scholarship 

The Archie William Gray Scholarship Fund 

The Sam and Sally Greer Endowed Scholarship 

The Hagan Awards 

The Mary Hardin and Lonnie W. McCown Scholarship Fund 

The Del Harris Scholarship Fund 

The Olin W Hay Memorial Scholarship 

The Fred A. and Daisy A. Hayden Scholarship Fund 

The Naomi B. Helm Scholarship 

The Florence Burns Hilsenbeck Scholarship in Nursing 

The John R. Hilsenbeck Scholarship 

The Sylvester and Ruth Hughes Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The Gabrielle R. Jones Memorial Scholarship 

The Martha Noblitt Jones Biology Scholarship Fund 

The Dr. Raymond Jones Health Care Administration Scholarship Fund 

The Iula Kilday Scholarship Fund 

The Steve Lacy Athletic Scholarship 

The Genevive Ross Lawson Scholarship Fund 

The Estaline U. Larsson Scholarship Fund 

The Dr. and Mrs. Marshall |. Leggett Scholarship Fund 

The John W and Lady E. Lewis Scholarship 

The John and Mabel Loguda Scholarship 

The Lovelace Education Fund 

The Lonnie Lowe Memorial Baseball Scholarship Fund 

The Dessie Maddux Scholarship Fund 

The James H. Magness Memorial Scholarship 

The W T. and Alyne Mathes Scholarship 

The Joe and Lora McCormick Scholarship Fund 

The Joan Millar Scholarship Fund 

The Richard Charles Millsaps Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The W Hobart and Myra B. Millsaps Scholarship Fund 

The Ministerial Scholarship Endowment Fund 

The Kathryn E. Morgan Mitchell Scholarship Fund 

The James L. Q. Moore, Jr. Scholarship Fund 

The Sarah Nelms Morison Nursing Scholarship 

The John L. and Sarah Jean Morrison Scholarship Fund 



The Sarah E. and Rolina Morrison Scholarship Fund 

The Navy V-12 Scholarship Fund 

The Massey G. and Alace C. Noblitt Scholarship Fund 

The Guy and Rhea Oakes Scholarship 

The George and Blanche Potter Ministerial Scholarship 

The Eugene P. Price Scholarship Fund 

The James H. and Cecile C. Quillen Scholarship Fund 

The Forrest L. and Helen M. Ramser Scholarship Fund 

The W. V. Ramsey Ministers Scholarship 

The E. Henrv Richardson Scholarship Fund 

The Raymond R. Roach Memorial Scholarship 

The Kenneth L. Roark, M.D./Martin L. Roark Memorial Medical Scholarship 

Fund 
The Ronald T. and Sylvia M. Roberts Endowed Scholarship Fund 
The Donald G. Sahli Endowed Scholarship Fund 
The Dr. A. Dain Samples Scholarship 
The James and Frances Sanders Scholarship Fund 
The Philip Scharfstein Scholarship Fund 
The Harold W. Scott Memorial Scholarship 
The Howard E. and Mary L. Shaffer German Scholarship 
The Chief Judge Allen Sharp Pre-Law Scholarship and Loan Fund 
The Lone Sisk Scholarship Fund 

The C. Bascom Slemp Scholarship for Lee and Wise Counties, Virginia 
The Ralph Small Scholarship 
The Harry A. Smith Memorial Scholarship Fund 
The Evelyn Widener Snider Memorial Scholarship 
The Ernest K. Spahr English Scholarships 
The W. I. Spahr Fund 

The Mr. and Mrs. Roger W Speas Scholarship Fund 
The Mary Stewart, Beulah Roberts and Fydella Evans Scholarship Fund 
The Kathryn Noblitt Story Scholarship in Nursing Fund 
The Mr. and Mrs. W B. Stump Memorial Scholarship Fund 
The J. Harold and Roxanna Norton Thomas Scholarship Fund 
The Glen and Dorothy Torbett Scholarship Fund 
The Trivette Scholarship 
The Roy True Memorial Scholarship Fund 

The United Daughters of the Confederacy, Selma Curtis Music Scholarship 
The Virginia Gardens Christian Church Scholarship Fund 
The Duard and Carolyn Walker Scholarship Fund 
The W. R. Walker Ministerial Scholarship Fund 
The Wendy I. Walstrom Memorial Scholarship 
The Eugene H. and Shirley W Wigginton Scholarship Fund 
The Glen M. and Jane H. Williams Scholarship Fund 
The Wiley Wilson Award 
The Ruby Clark Winningham Scholarship Fund 
The Harold and Debby Zimmerman Scholarship Fund 

Unrestricted Endowed Funds 

The John Wesley and Willie J. Allen Memorial Fund 

The Anglin Fund 

The Mary Archer Memorial Fund 

The William E. Axamethy Memorial Fund 

The George Iverson Baker Memorial Fund 

The Ada Bennett Memorial Fund 

The Hazel Hale Best Memorial Fund 

The Dr. H. O. Boiling Memorial Fund 

The Horace E. and Mary Serepta Burnham Memorial Fund 

The Philip Clark Memorial Fund 

The Clem Endowment Fund 

The Asa F. and Marguerite Cochrane Memorial Fund 

The Samuel Compton Memorial Fund 

The Joseph R. Crandall Memorial Fund 

The Adam B. Crouch Memorial Fund 

The A. B. Culbertson Memorial Fund 

The Dr. Joseph H. Dampier Memorial Fund 

The George E. Davis Memorial Fund 

The Oliver C. Davis Memorial Fund 

The Derthick Memorial Fund 

The Milton Edwards Memorial Fund 

The Abe Ellis Memorial Fund 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



140 scholarship programs and endowment funds 



The Paul O. George Memorial Fund 

The Rev. J. E. Gordon Memorial Fund 

The T Jayne Gressel Memorial Fund 

The Lois Hale Endowment 

The W Chamberlain Hale Memorial Fund 

The Hart Endowments 

The Ada Bess Hart Memorial Fund 

The D. Kemper Helsabeck Memorial Fund 

The Hopwood Memorial Fund 

The Sylvester and Ruth Hughes Endowment Fund 

The Rondah Young Hyder Memorial Fund 

The Sam Jack and Mary Ellen Hyder Memorial Fund 

The Johnson Qty Endowment Fund 

The Ivor Jones Memorial Fund 

The Alfred Keefauver Memorial Fund 

The Fred W Keglev Memorial Fund 

The Mvrtle C. King Memorial Fund 

The John L. Kuhn Memorial Fund 

The Living Endowment Fund 

The Claude R and Mary Sue Love Memorial Fund 

The Clarence A. and Evangeline K Lucas Memorial Fund 

The Mr. and Mrs. George Luft Memorial Fund 

The Barbara Main Memorial Fund 

The Dr. loe P. McCormick Memorial Fund 

The Lee Anne McCormick Memorial Fund 

The John E. McMahan Memorial Fund 

The Hexie McNeil Memorial Fund 

The McWane Foundation Fund 

The Arthur H. and Marguerite Miller Memorial Fund 

The Kelton Todd Miller Memorial Fund 

The Milligan College Memorial Fund 

The Willard and Lucille Mill saps Memorial Fund 

The Carl C. Monin Memorial Fund 

The Mrs. Irene Scoville "Mom" Nice Memorial Fund 

The Clarence and Violet Helen Overman Memorial Fund 

The John C. Patv, Sr. Memorial Fund 

The B. D. Phillips Fund 

The T W Phillips Memorial Fund 

The Claude Prince Memorial Fund 

The Mr. and Mrs. Fred Proffitt Memorial Fund 

The James W Pruitt Memorial Fund 

The Edgar Randolph Memorial Fund 

The Clyde Ratliff Memorial Fund 

The Donald G. Sahli Memorial Fund 

The Dora D. and Nat D. Shoun Memorial Fund 

The Clyde and Hassie Ann Smith Memorial Fund 

The Herschel J. Springfield Memorial Fund 

The Judge Robert L. Taylor Memorial Fund 

The Edgar Ralph Turner Memorial Fund 

The Aylette Rains Van Hook Memorial Fund 

The Mrs. William Buder Van Hook Memorial Fund 

The Frank and Janie VonCannon Memorial Fund 

The Dr. Dean E. Walker Memorial Fund 

The Dorothy S. Wilson Memorial Fund 



The Wayne and Sylvia Hunter Scholarship 

W[HL-TV Hanes Lancaster Scholarship for Broadcast Journalism 

The Mountain States Health Alliance Nursing Scholarship 

The Kenneth W and Jackhn K Oosring Scholarship Pro gram 

The Ray and Faith Stahl Nursing Scholarship 

The Ora and Susan Sword Scholarship Program 

The Norma Tetrick Scholarship 

Lectureships 

The Bette Montgomery Fugit Lectures 
The Malcolm and Ruth Mvers Lecture 
The Henry and Emerald Webb Christian Unity Lectures 

Trust Funds 

The Hoover-Price Trust Fund 
The Sutton Trust Fund 
The Waddv Trust Fund 



establish stub a fiaid should write to the President of the College. 



Restricted Endowed Funds 

The Mr. and Mrs. William H. Bowman Memorial Fund 

The Virginia Bums Elder Memorial Fund 

The Frank and Ina Jarrett Endowment for Landscaping 

The J. Henry Keglev Endowment Fund for Technology 

The Gail Phillips Endowment Fund 

The G. Richard and Rebecca R P hilli ps Facultv Development Fund 

Special Funded Initiatives 

The Todd Beamer Scholarship in Christian Leadership 

The Janet L. Bobrow Scholarship 

The Excellency of Christ Scholarship Program 

The Dr. Lawrence Noah Gilliam Medical Collection 

The William H. Garst Scholarship 

The Johnson City Press Tom Hodge Journalism Scholarship 



~ 33- :: ejT =:3Z5~ : := = :: ■ L.'.z-'.z ■ a-a-a - : = - e:_ 



index 141 



Index 



-A- 

Academic Programs 30 

Accounting 39 

Accreditation 4, 7 

ACT 13,34 

Administration 133 

Admission 13 

Adult Degree Completion Program in Business 

Administration 54 

Advisers 25 

American Studies Program 35 

Applied Finance and Accounting 39 

Art 40 

Athletics 10 

Audits 14 

Australian Studies Centre 35 

Automobile 10 

-B- 

Baccalaureate Degrees 32 

Bachelor of Arts 32 

Bachelor of Science 32 

Bachelor of Science in Nursing 32 

Bible 42 

Biology 45 

Board of Advisors 133 

Board of Trustees 133 

Business Administration 47 

Business: M.B.A 32, 50 

-c- 

Calendar 25 

Calendar (academic) 2 

Campus 8 

Chapel/Convocation 10, 25 

Chemistry 58 

Children's Ministry 61 

China Studies Program 35 

Christian Ministry 61 

Classification 25 

Coaching 62 

Communications 63 

Computer Information Systems 67 

Computer Labs 27 

Computer Literacy Requirement 34 

Conduct 12 

Contemporary Music Centre 35 

Co-operative Programs 35 

Correspondence Credit 26 

Council for Christian Colleges & Universities ... .35 
Course Repeat Policy 26 



-D- 

Degrees 

Bachelor of Arts 32 

Bachelor of Science 32 

Bachelor of Science in Nursing 32, 109 

Master of Business Administration 32, 50 

Master of Education 32, 77 

Master of Science in Occupational Therapy 

32,113 

Developmental Studies 34 



-E- 

Early Childhood Development 68 

East Tennessee State University Co-Operative 

Program 35 

Economics 69 

Education 

Early Childhood 68, 73 

Elementary Education 73 

K-12 Specialty Programs 75 

Master of Education 32, 77 

Middle Grades 74 

Secondary 74 

Special Education 75 

Education Licensure Programs 70 

Emmanuel Co-Operative Program 35 

Endowed Chairs 138 

Endowment Funds 139 

English 84 

Exercise Science 86 



-F- 

Faculty 

Adjunct 137 

Administrative 136 

Regular Ranked 135 

Faculty Associates 138 

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 11 

Fees 15 

Class and Lab 15 

Health 16 

Lifetime Transcript 16 

Student Activity 16 

Technology Access 16 

Film Studies 86 

Financial Aid 19 

Financial Aid Application Process 23 

Financial Information 15 

Financial Registration Policy 16 

Fine Arts 87 

Fitness and Wellness 88 

French 88 



-G- 

GED 14 

General Education Requirements 33 

General Science 90 

Geography 90 

German 90 

Grade Reports 26 

Grading System 26 

Graduation Requirements 26 

Greek 91 

-H- 

Health Care Administration 91 

Health Services 11 

Hebrew 91 

Heritage 5 

History 92 

Home School 13 

Honors 26 

Human Performance and Exercise Science 94 

Humanities 98 

-I- 

Information Technology 26 

International Students 13 

International Business Institute 36, 48 

-L- 

Language Arts 99 

Latin American Studies Program 35 

Learning Disabilities 27 

Legal Studies 100 

Liberal Arts 5 

Library Services 28 

Los Angeles Film Studies Center 36 

LPN Mobility Plan 109 

-M- 

Married Student Housing 11 

Master of Business Administration 32, 50 

Master of Education 32, 77 

Master of Science in Occupational Therapy 

32,113 

Mathematics 101 

Matriculation 14, 25 

MCNet 26 

Meal Plan Options 16 

Mentors 25 

Middle East Studies Program 36 

Mission 6 

Mssions 103 

Music (General Music Studies) 104 

Music Education 105 

Music Ministry 106 



milligan college academic catalog • 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



142 index 



-N- 

Non-degree Seeking Students 13 

Nursing 109 

-o- 

Occupational Therapy 113 

Off-campus Programs 35 

Organizations 9 

Oxford S umm er Programme 36 

-P- 

Philosophy II" 7 

Photography 117 

Physical Education 118 

Physical Science 118 

Physics 119 

Political Science 120 

PRAXIS H 71, 79 

Pre-law . 121 

Pre-medical 121 

Probation and Dismissal 28 

Psychology 121 

Public Leadership and Service 124 

Publications 9 

-R- 

Refund Policy 17 

Religion 126 

Residence Life 11 

Returning Students 14 

RN/LPN Career "Mobility Plan 109 

ROTC 35 

Russian Studies Program 36 

-s- 

SAT 13, 34 

Scholarship Information 19 

Scholarship Endowments 139 

Scholars Semester in Oxford 36 

Social Activities 9 

Sociology 126 

Spanish 129 

Spiritual Life 12 

Student Complaint Policy 12 

Student Government 9 

Student Life and Services 9 

Student Lifestyle 12 

Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act .11 

Student Teaching "1 

Summer Institute of journalism 36 



-T- 

Teaching Licensure 70 

Testing Services .28 

Textbooks 18 

Theatre Arts 130 

Transcripts 30 

Transfer Credit Policy 30 

Transfer Students 14 

Tuition 15 

Tuition Pav/Academic Management Services (AMSi 

17 

Uganda Studies Program 36 

-V- 

Veterans Education Benefits 24 

-w- 

Withdrawal from a Class 31 

Withdrawal from College 31 

Worship Leadership 131 

Worship Ministry 132 

Writing and Study Skills Center 31 

Writing S kills Evaluation 28 

-Y- 

Youth Ministry 132 



milligan college academic catalog ■ 2005-06 • www.milligan.edu 



campus map 143 




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MlLLIGAN 
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Academic excellence since 1866