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OF all the pleasures that end?ar human life, there are 
tione more worthy the attention of a rational creature than 
•those that flow from the mutual return Dfconju^jal love. ■ 
When t\N.; n. mils arc thus engageU by the ties of reci- 
procal sincerity, «ach alternately receives aiitl comitiuni- 
eatcs a transport that Is inconceivable to all but those wht) 
are in this situation : hence arises that heart-ennobling so- 
licitude for one another's welfare, that tender sympathy 
which alleviates affliction, and that participated pleasure 
■which heightens prosperity and joy itself. 

A good wife makes the cares oftho world sit easy, and 
adds a sweetness to itspleasurc-j; she isa man's best corn- 
panion in prosperity, and his only ft tend in adversity ; the 
carcfiillest preserver of hisheahh, and the kind;st atten- 
dant on his sickness ; a faithful adviser in distress, a com- 
forter in affliction, and a prudent manager of »11 his do- 
fnestic affairs. 

Good-natur/and evenness of temper will give you an 
tasy companion for life; virtue and good^cflsean agreea- 
hie friends l.,ve and constancy a good wife or husband. 

A married v;onian should not be desirnisof attvacting 
theeyes of Jiny man but those of her husband. 

Haihat allows himself to taste those pleasures which he 
denitshis wife, acts like a man who would ..'njoin Itis wife 
to oppose those enemrK to whom he 'has already surren- 

LEONID AS, king of Sparta, suspecting a conspiracy 
was forined against him, flodto the temple cf Minerva for 
fhelter, whereupon Cl-^ombrutus, his son-in-law, seized 
the^overnm^nt. When Lecnidas informed of this, 
he made his escape, taking his daughter along with him, 
w ho chose rather to fly with her father than to reigti witli 
her husband? Sometime after, Leonidas being restored to 
the throne, he advanced at the head of a band of soldiers 
J to the te'nple, where Cleonibrutus, upottthis chancre of jrf- 
Jairs, had, nnnsiSL-, tied lor retttge. He there reproached 
hiitt with great warntitb for assuming the regal nower, in 
vi.Mirinn 0.' the ties of affinity between them, and for ex- 
pelling liim from his own country in so ignominious a 
manner. Cleombrinis. who had nothing to answer to 
these reproaches, con inued seated in a profound silence, 
ond with an aspect wl.:ch su.Ticiently testij^l his confusi- 
on. His wife Chel .nitu stood near withfflfcttro children 
at her feet. She had bTn equally unfortunate as a wife 
and a daughter; but was equally faithful in each of those 
capacities, and had alwa;s adhered to the unforiuna e 
side. All those who were :,?n present, inelted into tears 
at so moving a sight, and were struck with admiration, at 
the virtue and tenderness o! Chelidina, and the amiable 
force of conjugal love. The uifortunate princess-, point- 
ing to her rnourning habit ard dishevelled tresses, .. Be- 
lieve me, O my father I'' said s,ie, <• this habit of woe 
which 1 now wear, this dejec;ion v/hich now appears iu 
my countenance, and these sorro«»,mto which vou seems 
sunk, are not the eifecrs of that corknassion I entertain for 
Cleon.brntHS ; but the sad remaiijrfffn.y affliction for the 
calamities you sustained in your fiigtu from Sparta. On 
What, alas! shall I now resolve ^ While you reign for 
the future in Sparta, and triumph ovet tiie enemies who 
opposed you, shall I continue to'live in thcdcsilatestate to 
which you see mc reduced ; Or, is it itiy'duty .to array 
myself in robes of royalty and magnificence, when I be- 
hold the husband I received from you in the fi jwer of mv 
youth, on the point of perishing by your dagger.' Should 
he be unable to disarm your resentment, and move vour 
soul to compassion by the tears of bis wife and children 
permit mc to assure you Vqat he wih be punisV.ed with 
h.ore seven- V for his impudence, than was even intend- 
ed by yourself, when he s.\M see a wife, who is 
him, expiring ?' his feet ; for you are not to thi' 
my pre condition I will ever consent to out-imhim 
What appearance shall I make among the SpartaTladies 
r-fier my mability to inspire my husband with cojtipa.ssi- 
on for my fa-her ; or tu soften mv father into i)ity for rn 
liusband > AVhat indeed shall i'apjjear to thein, but a 
daughter and a wife, always afflicted and contemned by 
her neares- relations !" Chelodina, nt the conclu-.ijii of 
these words, reclined her cheek on .hat of Cleomb'utus ; 
While with h'T eyes, that spoke her sorrow in ier tears,' 
Bhe cast a languid look on those who were prev^.nt. 

Leonidas, jfier a few m.oments discoi/rse with his 
ft-iends, ordered Cleorabrutus to rise, and mimediately to 
^uit Sparta ; but earnestly impoitui <^ nU daughter to 
continue there, and not forsake a father who gave her 
such a peculiar proof of tenderness as to spare the life of 
h -r husband. His solicitations were however ineflfectiialj 
aud the .nnm- nt Cle^mbru'us rose from his seat, she p!a- 
c-d oil- ol Ik r ihi.,->— n in his arms and clasped the otli. i 
iilher own) »nilwb . ..i. .■ had ofl . i np her Dr.. , i i tt. 

the goddess, and kissed the tltar, :lic became « vohmtart 
exile xii:b terl:,!! and. ■ ^ 

How extreii.cly affecting w^s this spectacle, and how 
worthy the admiration of all ag-^i is such a model cf con- 
jugal aflection ! If thehcart of Cleombrutus, savs Plu- 
tarch, was not entirely depraved by vain-glorv, and a 
boundless ambi ion to reign, liji nt'ld have bceii sensible 
I'lat even banisVnvcnr tir-lf, .r=>*'tso \rrui. us a ccntjian;. 
0.1, Wis a felicity -preferable to the condition of a SQvereign. 



*'"*"**** A mother well infonned 
Fvtails a ble^jing on bcr infant charge 

Bettrr than riches. [Village Ci'rate. 

TO maternal cire and instruction we are in.lebted for 
our first inipi-ovemsnts-, Bodily health and inental vigor, 
in fiuure lift, ofteiLpiofieed from. the judicio\is i-nantige- 
ment of infancy anJchilclht)c'd. The seeds of virtue or 
vici^c then sown. The temper is then forined ; andhi 
bits take rjot. Th" child may be sjioiled by neglect or in- 
dulgence ; but a prudent and discerning motiter mavhave 
the satisfaction of beiiolding " her s-jns grow u;; as the 
" yoong plants ; anH her daughters beautiful as thepolish- 
" ed corners of tl-,p temple" 

Tlie nursery is the peculiar depai-tment (/( the female 
sex. There they ou^ht to givern. Note Jiverninjnt of 
whatever kini, -«-heher political or domestic, is a-i art, 
which must be understood, hefore those, who are to exer- 
cise if, can be qualified to discharge its duties. This part, 
therefore, which falls within the province of the women! 
requires from them s .me knowledge and much applicati- 
on. And, indeed, tlie t\s'o modes of government I have 
J^ustj-nentioned^^re v.'ore closelv .-rmnected than m.iv a"- 
hrs: sTiJiit appear, -forit:- by eac'^ifw.iihi, mj.,.Vu\a-M- 
come useful mcn.bers of the state ; so that political ro- 
vernment may be said to derive its strength from themir- 
sery; if it be allowed that the virtues of the peoo'e con- 
tribute to its st-ahlity. But if chil.lrvitbe in their 
early years, their princijiles and ex-amjiles, as the/ grow- 
up, may tend to a greater dei>T-rtvity of public manners. 
It if, from Women, th-,ii,wc receive the nijiments ofE- 
ducation ; ol- thesel first imprcssi;n-.s, wiiich inav influence 
our latter conduct. This tuition extends to both sexes • 
to Boys, in the yoijiger part of life; and to Girls, to -.1 
much later period. 

The domestic situptien of your sex enables yoii to per- 
form th'.s office of itiBtructioii. Fathers are often eiiitjloy- 
ed abioad ; or tlieir iusiness may require so mucii of their 
time and attention, is to aFord thcin btit little leisure to 
snj>ei-inten4.iheeduci!ion of th.cir children. The Hrst pu-t 
of it, there6|iire, naturally falls to the lot of the m-«ncr- 
and itis ccri»ir,ly ,oneof the most pltSasing and agfee.Vole 
of her doiilestic em.iloymeais t as whatever labqur ma 
attend the execution cf this task, '.he finds' su/Bcient rsewii- 
penseintte.fondand innocent endearme its of he^ff- 
spnng t'-'w.ho, by thi care bestowed upon them, i'l tiiin. 
"5 ;^ to virtue, jnd instilling into their young mihds, 
thi fundtiii«ntal principles of knov ledge, will be render- 
ed more worth objects of mate.- a.Tection '• Howe- 
ver strong," savsthe aothorofih; f!eaiiiiesc.fHis-r.>y "we 
may 5uppo-.e the fondness ofa father for his ciiildremyei 
they will 5nd more lively marks of tenderne-.s in thS-W 
som of a mother.— There ai-e no ties in nature t^a^ifiinnarJ 
with th/ise, vvhicli unitean afl'ectionatem.'jh^ij^ri-T',.-:,-:;' 
dren, -Ah.-n they repay Icr tenderness v itF^jjb'ei!' .tcia'ut 
iove.'' - ,-.'-■ 

1 K ladies cannot be seeii in a mme reSpec^abie l-ght, 
than when they are en-ipioyed in the offices of (k-trKsiic 
life. The humble avocations of the nursery are not boi.iw 
tlieir care, bu: rather add a lustre to their chtiracrer. The 
love of mothers for their progeny has been always' a sub- 
ject of comiiiendation ; and,ii:d.?ed, it is a passion so i-i- 
t.;rwcven in their natures, that it is next to an impossibili- 
ty to res'-.t its impulse. For such is its influence, that it 
gives, as It were, a new turn to their affections, by remo. 
ving -.'heir usual timidity ; and inspiring them v/ith a grea- 
ter o'.-.grceof courage. Those sei-»ice«, v/hich, upon ot'ier 
occasi.ns, would have been thnu^jht iusupp;)rtab'.» h-ive 
notnr..,t, the of dilhciilrv and fatig'.ie. "in 
sickness they have wa-chcti en e, thetn with tcntior con- 
c.n-n ; and have even injured tlieir own J, -4.1, 'a-r-serve 
that of their children. 

' " Deli^htfut task I to rear the tewkr /Ao. •?*-,. .- 

*' To teacl^ thevonng idea hh-.-j to ^ 
** Topn:. rt,. ■'- -uct- '■ t'.'t 

There is no employment more honorable, and, at the 
sariie fme, more important, than that of insiructinv- the 
llZl •^"f'^'l^-'he future hopes of the cominuidty- 
whose earliest hfe iscommitted to the mother, care. This 
task has providence assigned her : But in the present acl 

i to^T'ZTti''""T' ™'"'^ ^"'y isoftc!:"rer^fi:fd 
to pri! ; and indolince, how touch .. 'Vri ;-ir.;e'-ia! o.fF,-/ 
negle.-ico ! 'I'his proves the ntoessitt'of your Wein» early 
trained to domestic habitj.; lest a taste for diss, ,'"„X 
should lessen the force o^Bfntal lov- . whos- opcVatio" 
lens'bilities ""*"'" '' ^^'^'''^'' °^ 'he most pleasing' 
[to be continued.] 


Not thit affected stuff which screar.s at the sight o.' i 
si>t .er, or la.iits at the agonies of the dving fly, and "vet 
ca.l spurn a beggar from the door, ortrett an aged fa- with neglect. Delia has too moch good sense 

00 much greatness of soul, to play off such fcightftrt dis- 
t-^rtionot feattires.Scsuch pitiful debihty of mind, througli 
an equally pjtifitl aftectation. No ; hcvs is the sensibility 
of a heart na-urally tender and ex-qnisitely benevolet.c. 
Her stjfc melnng eye bespeaks a soirt that is united to all 
arounu her, i;nd ready with a sister's feeling, to min-tle 
.heirjovb andsorrows. If she corfeisa favour, it i< w'hft 
^,i" j'''^''.^.^''^^"^''"" '''='' 'n°''^ 'ban doubles its Worth.— 
And ifobUged to deny, it appears to give her ailch fc.ue- 
rous dist.-ess, ih-tt yoa cannot Ijuj the poor girl, ttrd 
feel your-.elt her debtor. 'VVhei. we have >een her at a 
single word from her mother, fly to her harpsichord and 
p ay with as much spirit as som- others would exert to 
please^ a young lover- or, when we have seen her, 
bcttu i.u. as anaiigt-1, kneeling by hci gouty farhc-, hcipiPj; 
him on with his shoe-or,whenwe>ve seenhevin '-igh 
spirits, and the/nest chat, all at ojice turn seriou.s -inii si. 
lent on heari tg the breath of tiander ; we have feh that 
if thet-e be a.iy ont grttce whic'i more than another ini^e^ 
a yya.i;5 .«*«,.,« look |,Ke an a,.-J<!i; i, U a s.--sihiht. like I his sweet sympathy wii:i tiii „ieasn, > and 
pains ot others : this lively expre.5sion of joy at seel.-, >;, 
acquaintance ; this amiable benevolence, .shining-, t" l,a. 
like t.)_ have said speakitig in the co.mLe-.ianr". i- - ,or- 
than beatitif ul. it is beauty itself. It can ittai-.c -. homelv 
woma.i handsome, andk'a hardsotue wouu.n -n ■.■■: A 
'Tis beauty in hand, and««auty i,i'vn : it i!...;'-.i 
that tenderness in the fu».wife, which kind'-is «\e'lj" 
vet s flame r.tpture ; iWnsures tho dutif-j;.n;s-, u, th" 
daughter, which causes the parent with weeping jo-. , to 
bless his God, for such a child ; and it insures tl-,.t ^om- 
jiassion in th.e mistress and mother, which sweet.-ms evf ri- 
duty of domestic life, and renders sur ft.milier. t'le r.„r.e, 
r.esof .ill those gentle virtues that adorn & bless mankind. 


U- Icngh, aftir: an imfMienl e,:~,u:rv for many vearj, w 
-C-ctw :( i,i ourf^-er to «re,e„( tte fiuhHc with a ciioas, 
ci:;..T.i(e, and elegant Ufe ofazi,v.i Mackenzib, f., 
a gemhman vjho, Jrom the and eimfiHrity r- nVV / 
i,i tw suree-Mhe -tita; is, upon the plan of the Specia > ' .' 
ia< received and flesTved the appellation ofiie>on > , 
Addisos. To those, tnho a.-e emulous of .t .;'. . .-,, 
pm^ of cabiivation, s,irh as are fell !,• the- ' ,/• 
Sterns «.*/ Goldsmith, rAej'dCit o/'« .<« / ' 

' Jhepafirs in " The Lou-g^r," „u>hthi sl^i'-.l:!'; - 
- -'"""'W rt^<':mnerJed. The writers/this anie',: 

■ - ' ^IK' "''"' 1('''/>'vorire author, has .-jften htir 

' 'r 'iBr '.*? ''■''"'' ''■'" '° repose, tl,.:t he m,f;ht f.,i 

f'rSffiofthe sensitive HARi.zv, andt:\.ce tbe'oa . /■: >t 
jtalStisy in the mind ,fthe veng^ul Muntmbitn.Y 

[ro.,t-'l--o ■.,■.. 

MR. Iii,NRY ■ MAC- . :[■■ .':2I ■; 


Henry Mackenzie, a tain ein, . 
elegance of genius, by iii^ love 
and aUility in business, and In- 
versfttion and matuiecs, .vus ■ 
medjaliout tiie year 174f 

HiB father was Dr. .: 
ed4>raueh of .? anci 
North of 
ed age of ui^' 

The ge- 


For 1804. 

^. ; ■ -- ■ , ; 

i *■■ i 


f -vcnti.'- .IPli-acies of the i)oli-e li fra'ure^f 
,-ii;;l»nd hKi, just ali'iut that time, bccmc ta- 
1 the best vjcietv in Scorliiid. Divii Home, 
I 5, IJr. ittbtr.son, lad Ur. Adam Smiih.Uad 
v;itjJhi5i .ry,phil.woph),andieloquence, with 
I excited cmjUlinil, and in conditi ns of 
n the sa iie praise might appear desirable 
Ulernan, rhe ntan of business, and the man of 
.,,« rf »IJ. , .ho w /J.i liavc disdained the pedantry cl ob- 
it-'r»»fiBR'J.i. Mi^plitrso;:'* traiisUtion of the remains 
ol Owtn, Humz's tragtd/ of Douglass, a few other siic- 
C" 'luj iiin;cs i:i the litrature of fancy, had been alsopro- 
c!u i, iron which it bcjfan :obe supp )sed, that natives of 
r.-o liiid ev.o whil.: perminently resident there, might 
(.ci ) .1 "Mall • excel, r.ot merely in science, learning, and e- 

r.r i" '.ertfiment, but in those compositions which re- 

q 1 r il I siiiJl in all the many changing colours of En^ish 
piri'C lo;;y, in the tiivjrdivorsiiics of tlie texture of iin- 
l'. .' ■• in th-^^* modes oC the superficial Tri:»nnerj of 
-• - ' -h form a? it were, the colouring aid liie 

iture, in the art of tou' h- 
^ to those ciiords, of 0- 
^uisiiely artiiicial sounds, 
i of English passion, and 
f-gics of English iinagiiiation, are wont to 

to „,,n... ab 
t!" peculi ir <•■ 

I ^^tur 


•ct fl^u.s 

i.cs, in particular, of the English and French 

1' Viction, were, tlien, reLidin Scotland, with ir.- 

ijies. : but, rearl as yet on y or chietiy by pen. 

It is 'vith ourtasw in books, as with our 

As the particular form of a head-drees, 

,: of a coat, however in itself happily ele- 

, i-.o sooner descends to the use of the 

S in. art wife, or the bean behind a compter, 

lines odious to the ;;,y flutterers of high life : 

z -.13 e for literary atnusemeni become general 

1 people — ^and the great shall be seen, 

■■' h one another, fur the palm of jgno- 

. ine species of science or literature have 

. ,.. -tj a conntryas anov<-lty, and be kn<\^'n 

as one of tlie pUasures or tlecorations of peo- 

lift.— and you shall see them pursue it with a 

V- ar.l'^nt, and a diligence tiie most persever- 

vantaj^e in their favour, the works of 

ni; atid of Smollett, could not fail to 

;.'ias.'d much in Scotland : but the first 

amoitg the more retined order of read- 

: . itcvi'litit abatei-1. Comedy in tears, and 

• t t-were, nnvr, the r.t^'c. The Tri.ttram 

l.i j^^iive/le llthhc by- KouEseiu, the 

' still, ;o a certain degree, the 

i'i«J\iYciri'e vcluiu«« Xliese 

. highly tovdmire. Uponthese, 

, .it v.r.s it)inied. A young man, with afond- 

y.itd^, and fee^tig the (irsL impulse of genius, 

cd,"ii«ppfn not M have read them ; but he could 

ct>hver5ation on ^ny subject related to taste in 

if fancy, witliont bcii-g- taught to tii-nk tliose 

which thcv wereftlistingiiished, the best 

graces of wliutcver flK, elegant lu literary- com- 


srivingB not tip, lilt^Jfi™ Arabian palace of en- 

, in the cesart, without the exerci»e of visible 

i:s cri a'ion. It is not born with that culture 

J th.sJ Bias -J to which we owe the particular efforts 

t nr whlcli afterwards distinguish it in the 

irjil. Cne may, therefore, hope to be pardoned in this 

cnipf. tract liiise circimis'anccs in the state of ibcli- 

.ara aiAas; of the time of Mr. Mackenzie's earlv 

II, by vvh ch licwas guided, tb try with success, those 

1. s t.f, vhich delight to inch the heart with 

r ■nr*s, orthvie il;e soul to delicate generosity of r,en- 

JA, aitj c divert the fancy with the flegaiit poignan- 

>>iiyVv'ic wit. ' 

!1 1 Wst at'fhipis at composition were poeiital. He 

.1 vv-!.!l': very young, many small pieces in verse. 

I ..vrhoftht: gen'lcst. and kindest of tcmjters, he 

■•'li.blv by desireof the praise of wit, soiiie- 

'vers in satire. 
•It '.ten, appears to have delight-d iJhicli ra- 
t.; -'".ViiHi, rhe simjdicity, and the ciiarming 
1 -[^r,-, which belong t'o the pastoral. His 
•n-.ime« the form and plaintive to'^je of the 
to is known to Itave. trl^d -iso, Jb accom- 
I. tl.c ends of ethical difqoisltioS^ 
"venM-ittemp's in Qoesy, he was^feopen- 

M ":■'"•' I- .- 1 nus ('i^:ii|Cf^ii,io_ 

' 'I '^-rri*-17G8, 

'-'t 1 ' •lire- from 


P,iri5, the ladi.s of ihar capital, supjiosed rhe adven'iu-cs of 
St, Prcux to have been tht^sc of the aurh"r hiint;eU'; and 
were, to such a degree, enraptured with the charming 
man, that he might probably have succeeded in an in- 
trigue with anv of them, to whom he should have chosen 
to ofter his addresses. The virtue of the ladies of Edin- 
burgh would be exceedingly disgraced «by comparison 
with the amorous facilit; , described to thotte of Pj.ris. 
N')r was the virtuous sensibility of Harley to be compared 
with the ardent sensuality of St. I'reux. But, we believe, 
the same fancy in the adven'ures of Harley, were those 
of tlie author of the Mjii <f Feeling himself ,• and a simi- 
lar partiality to a being so tender of lieart, endowed with 
moral sympathies so exquisitely fine, and so delicately 
good : were extremely common, for a while, aoiong the 
female readers of Mr. Mackenzie's novel. 

(To ie coiitimiei.) 


The person of Dr. Sm'iUctt was stout and well propor- 
tiiiied, his counte.iUnce engaging, his manner reserved, 
with a certain air of dignity, that seemed to indicate tliat 
he was ever ready to serve the uttfortunate, and, on some 
occasions, to assist them beyond what his circumstances 
could justify. — Though fev/ could penetrate with move 
acuteness into character, yet none wtis more apt to over- 
look misconduct, when attended with misfortune. Heli- 
ved ill an hospitable manner, but he despised that hospita- 
lity, wliicli is founded on ostentation, which enteviains 
only those, whose situation in life flatters the vanity of the 
entertainer, or such as can make returns of the same kind ; 
tiiat hospitaiity, wriich keeps a debtor and creditor ac- 
count of dinners. Smolltttt invited to his plain, bitt plen- 
tiful Itiljle, the persons whose cliaractefa he esteemed, in 
whose con-, ersation he delighted, and many for no other 
reason, than because ihcy stood in need of his countenance 
and protection. As nothing vv»s more abhorrent to his 
nature, than pertness, or intrusion, few things could ren- 
der hiin more indignant than a cold reception ; to this, 
however, he imagined he had sometimes been e.'iposed, on 
«pi)lit:ation in favor of ot'iers ; for himself, be nevermade 
an ajiplicatiolWtoany great man in his life. 

Free from va'nily, .Smollett had a considerable share of 
pride, and gi-cat sensibiiiry ; his passions were easily mo- 
ved, Mid too impetuous when routed; he could not conceal 
his contem[)t of folly, his detestation of fraud, nor refrain 
from proclaiming his indignation against every instance of 
oppression. Though Smollett posses»ttd a versatility of 
stile in writing, v/iiich hf coiiU accoitimodale to every 
chai'^i^i^c, b£-ijad-rb»-Mi^jie«ic&s iTi4«>4'^0Trd»c/ I*;.iJ,i.-»ri,- 
liig, drtigeijce, and acnteness, w-ould have render- 
ed him eminent in the science ot medicine, Jittd he perse- 
vered iUjthat profession ; other par's of liis cnaracter were 
ill suited for augmentini; Kis practice. Ke could neither 
stoop to impose on credulity, nor humour caprice. He 
was of an intrepid, independent, imprudent tiisposition, 
equally incapapbleof deceit and adulation, and more dis- 
posed to cultivate the acquaintance of those he could serve 
than of those who could serve him. Athat wonder, that 
a man, of this character, was not, wli4 iscalled, success- 
ful ill life .' 




:.;.., re.^iv^djtanlulM fa. 
sagacious Eoiil.-seller« to 
e<-pi -monej.*vbe made ^t- 
iir..vdi!lltii!tv wa^, at last,' 

td, li cag,, 


.■'tr- si.ort time bc- 
|>> tni'.usiasm, ca- 
rd l!t:- ynufij^wer; 
■ .ativc sentiment.^ 

Yesterday, in the King's Bench, a verdict for 2,5001. and 
6d. costs, was giv.>n for the plaintiffagainst the defendant. 
Few trials at Nisi Piins have more engaged the publicar- 
tention, or e-xcited an hijher degiee ^if interest i and wiie- 
ther we consider the nature of the- action, the porti.m of 
the time it occupied, or the celebrity' of at least oneof thift 
parlies, .it was eminently caJculat*! to call forth much cul 
nosity. The trial lasted three days, from Tuesday ^lorn.^, 
ing till late on Thursday evening. ' 

The defendant is a young cleri;yman, who has figured 
as a preacher In most of the churcl^ of this metrojiolis, 
tliin the Kv.. yfai., »n;: wJio«»4iis admirers e"nsi« 
^■r a-, scarrely to Kirwan him.sclf. In the year 
179!., Mr. Haw^kswnrdi, being then in his twentieth year, 
and on the point of taking his degree in College, became 
attached to Miss fitzgeiald, who was then scarcely six- 
teen. — Thisvoinig lady was the daughter of a respectable 
ojf.^cr, V. ho had retired from the service with much ho- 
nor, but no great shaie uf wetilth, and had fixed hi', resi- 
dent e ia- Castletown, a beautiful village in the n< gWiour- 
hood of Mountrath, in Queen's County. Mr. Haw ■ .t orth 
scon gained her afteciions, but still he was notttititdcd, tut. 
Ids father was an enemy to early niarriai>t3,an3 ofc'^ir*, 
an iiiirftediatc union was iiTipossibie. Time or a-w.-len. 
lie apprehended, mij;ht defeat his hopes, lira pare , ac. 
Ihority consign her to the arms of another In his I.-..t' ^. 
ihci;fore, he uri;ed her with all the ardor of a doatii.j, 
lover, ;t> enter, Ir,io a solemn engagement never to man-v 
any but him ,• and to encourage her to make this vow, lie 
called upon liis Cod to forsake him, when he forsook h r 
I Tl •: Ic'ijr?. xMtt read it, evidence, and though rh«y ■•>.- 
'i 1 ■ , i-,-iiv .,; , , I iryelegancnt 
' ariti'were 

teen : at length they made that, and thus the connection 
continued until the ) ^r 1S02. 

Meanwhile Mr.' Hawkesworih had been crdained, had 
become ft popular, preather, and w as n.nth follcwed. In 
Jai uary, lfc02, hetcalltd en a Mrs. PalnJ^r, a ]>articular 
friend of Miss Fit7,gcrald,'and after scuif^eliminary con- 
versation, lie told her he was ready to .Mliil his engage- 
ment with Miss Fitzgerald, ifi^er friends would 
give her ICOOl. and begged she would communicate his 
intentions to theni. Mrs. Palmar delivered the message. 
A council of war w-as summoned. Captain Fit/gerald, the 
father, agreed to give four hundred pounds, the uncle, also 
an old olTicer, agreed to give two hundred ; and the brother 
to the ) oiing lady, who was then serving with his regi- 
ment in Malta, upon being writen to, ir.imediatelj pro- 
mised to add the remaining 4001. out of the honorable 
earnings of his profession ; and thcugh he was then ac- 
tnall) in treaty for a majority, he clieerfully postponed 
his^own proinolion, to the happiness of a beloved sibter— 
he did more, he came to Ireland to be a witness of that 

Hawkesworth seemed delighted with his arrival, every 
thing was settled, the wedding clothes prepared, a special 

licence jirocured, and even the ring was purchased.- 

Mrs. Hawksworth and young Captain Fitzgerald went, 
down to the country on Friday : the next day, Saliirdaf 
was to to be the happy day : when lo ! hisread cf the 
bridegroom, a billet dtnix was del vered to the company, 
at Castletown, begging to be excused, as he was obliged 
to go home on pecuniary business. Frcm this period un- 
til the action was brought, the intei-val was filled with 
evasion ; the torch cf love seemed completely extinguish- 
ed, and the visions of his early days to have vanished fore- 
\. ver. The acti,cn Was then b'rr.cght, and the verdict 25001, 
onim.:nt;urate with his property. 



[The farmers of I he Eastern States are said to have ckriveit 
great advantages frojn the use of Plaister of Ports as a 
manure. It h certain that the greater part of our soil ,t 
of that tjiiality supposed to be most suita/.le til its cperation. 
Why, therefore, the Virginia Farmers are so much averse 
to it, appears somcjihat strargc. — The following extract 
frmn a publication rfyudge Paers on the Slilject, VtUy be 
ser~jiceai/le to those vjho chouse to irj e>i>etinx> -;■ 

Oj'estion. How long have you used iheplaistir 

Ansv.^er. Ab.iut twenty-five years. 1 was among the 
first who began the use of it in Pennsylvania. 

Q. Ill what condition was your land when you beff.n 
to apply it .* ' . * 

A. Worn out by long and bad Sulture : full of weeds 
and other n^Blus jjtants. 

Q. Wh^^iantity per acre h?ve you generally used ! 

A. Iliave seldom used more than two bushels pfracr* 
in one season, but generally on^j'and one and a half, bush, 
els, which I find sufficient if repeated yearly, whilst inclo- 

Q; What soils are the iijbst proper for this manure ! 

A. Ligiit soils, dry antl' sandy, or loamy. On clay I 
never succeed, though I Ij^ve heard of its being used' in 
clay with a degree of su^ess. 

(i; Have you repeated the application of it with or 
without ploughing ,'"at^what intervals, and with what ef- 
fects ? ' 

A. I have benefiq 
and without ploughi. ^ 

alter cultivation, and dressing slightly with stable 
or with ]>lotighing in green manures, such aj Buckwheat 
in fui! blossom..' 

C>: Do yotirind tbjij it renders the earth steiije, after 
its useful effects are gone ? 

A. I pei-ceivc no greater degree of sterility after pluit- 
ter than after dung. 

Q; Towhat products can it be most profitably appli- 
ed : grains and what kinds, grasses and what kinds ? 

A. Its eifect is immediate upon grass of all kinds, and 
upon Indian corn \ and upon ail other kinds of grain the 
year following, when it is well mixi-d with the soil by 


QJ^^hen is the best time to scatter it 1 

AflHfrom the first of March, if the ground is clear of 
frost, to the first of May, being careful aKvays to choose a 
caltn, foggy, or damp time. 

Q. Wliat is the greatest product per acre of grass, &c. 
you have known by the means of plaister ? 

A. Ai much as from any other manure; 1 never 
weighed, or kept an exact account ; I think I have had 
fi^-e toivs per acre, at two cuttings, in one season; and! 
have sothetimes, cut a third crtqi ; though I seldom do 
this, as I |n-efer seeding the third growth. 

fiQi|^ repsated the application, with 
fh^^Kbut I succeed best in a repetition 


A dashing highwayman being at the place of execiitior 
in company with a chimney-sweeper, and anxious, wha 
extr spots there might be on his repura'ion, to presei i ■ 
ills leather breeches unsullied, desired his compavi' ii •. 
SI J 'd at^ a greater distance — " W v , '..-p't^rl,} 
t .' ,' It I as much richt lo be 1.. .t .i« >ou luvt ."' 

No. 1. 



Misses. Cook & GKA-iTLASD, 

I AM glad to hear *at the first nomher of The Mi- 
VCBVA will appear on Tues<lay next. — The success which 
you have met witli, proves beyond contradiction, that the 
taste of my cnunirymcn is not so depraved as some pec- 
pie have falsely asserted. It proves ton, that a regard for 
Jiteraiureis rot extirij;uishcd by ihat spirit of poli ical en- 
quiry for which the Virginians are pariicularly dis ini;uish- 
ei. — It has been thought, that the taste of society might 
be ascertained, by the writers which it patronised. If this 
be a just criterion, we are certainly becoming more refin- 
ed. A few years past, each day presen'.ed therep;i.ation oi 
some individual sireirhed upon the Wheel, and the cur- 
tain torn, which .should always separate domeslic concerns 
from public inspection. — There a.*? occurrcncujj L. fam - 
lies, where harmony and virtue range to tlievtry confine-; 
rf human perfection, which -the sleepless eye of illiberal 
critics should never beWild, "or the forked tongue of slan. 
dcr repeat. In the hands of fuch infaimus insruments, 
foibles the most venial, beco\ne vices he most hideous and" 
alarming : and when reproduced by the sable pencil of 
such malignant agents, assume a form terrible to society. 
Suspicion, so fatal to good neighbourhood, becojiiesa nc- 
ofssary centinel ; and hails as a traitor, him whom we 
should otherwise greet as a friend and a brother. 

I have defended my countrymen Ujjon the gfund of the 
palronage yoti have alieady received. It certainly is, in 
the commencement, a substan-ia! basis, since you onlv 
promise us moral and literary aoiusements ; an ali- 
ment upon which vulgar and vicaei^ • minds, cannot j 
thrive : these flourish a|.-*ne upon the destruction of pl«Lti 
excellence they cttimot reac/j. — Ityoti wi^h to second tHiJ^e- 
fence, give it a fair e.tjjcrinient. Select for your Maga- 
zine with attention and caution, and never perplex your 
readers with trite *nd ordinary productions — Y^>u wili soon 
£nd that people arc sometimes seized with an itc/jjbr K^-rit- 
ing ; and if j'ou arc fearful of giving offence, you w-ill fur- 
nish a vehicle through which they will pour th:;ir tedious 
nonsense upon tlte public. Assure yourseive^, my young 
friends, that Editors gain nothing by such tithidiLV. They 
l.oose all the aid of gocd writers. Authors are particular- 
ly cauiious how they introduce their essays into had com- 
pany. Their ;.ensaiions are much alive Ui>on these occa- 
sions. You had therefore better rely ujjon judicious selecti. 
us from approved writers, than to degrade your Ma 

tine b}' an imprudent propensity to furnish something 
Men of 

-tc-be-tHs^ItTil-Xtlttr.'. kii.^-.i- p 


" sense had ralh>-r read a good < 
■ " ""TRIttr.'. Mi.g-.i- perusui o; 

sometimes give us fo' 

sucli tasteless nonsense as printt 
original vwfter. 

With a view to ycnr future prosperity, I have tjikcn the 
liberty to make the preceding observations. In a short 
time however, I am conscious that The Mineuva will 
eoinmand such aid, as to render all future exertions on my 
part eiiiirel)' useless. X. 

Your sincere friend, 




.SINCE your design for furnishing the ladles 
with a periodical jinper has been published, I have fre-< 
quen:ly had occasion to notice tlieir observations oit. l4^ 
subject. I'hcir expectation appears perfectly on the alert ; 8i 
has excited in your correspondent, conjitlerable solicitude,' 
that you may succeed in giving pleasure andeniertainirient 
to a niajcrity of iliem. They all appear pleased witlrvft 
object : But let me tell you, many of thcin hav-e al«ady 
laid down rules by which th^jexpect you to act ; and 
they are so direcdy contrary iinlome of their opinions, 
that Ifea^itwill be impossibl|ito give universal satisfac- 
tion. — A single lady of three s^e says,- she '■ will not pa- 
troiuaMPtirdfctails of faithfulTBp : of honest courtshj]) ; 
of mls.'^iuteftstedness imman^— *rhe Coquette " longs 
t<j see your pages filled with the siglis of wounded swains, 
li-.igering u:.dcr the irresistible charins of inimitable beau- 
ty." Euttlic refined simplicity of Julia sa,ys, " I have no 
doubt the Editors know their duty : let them ccnstjre us 
where censure is due ; but, above all, I hope tliey will be 

sparing of tiattery" This obscmation; Messrs. Editors, 

so forcibly struck me, IhatlcannSt forget it ; and I trans. 
mit it to you as a just criterion by whicli you*iay guide 
your fu'ure laboiu's. Ali©xij 

The Editors thank their corresponden's for thdTcommu- 
nicadons, and hope they may profit by their advice. 


THE R AM BL E R.—no.l. ' ' 

IT was a beautiful evening in the month of June, when 
a refreshing breeze and the enchanting verdure of the ad- 
joining fields, tempted me to stroll beyond the limiis of tfie 
City? the picturesque scite ofRichnl.ind connnands the 
spontaneous admiration of the beholder ; and the level but 
beau.iful country in its vicinity, fonnsa striking contrast 
to the Uomatitic situation of the City. 
■ . . ^ *" pleasing and diversified scenes of nature, in its full 
bioom and luxuriar.c?, banished from my iriind the cares 
»iid djiimcmUBf of Ule, whUe I rambled unthinkinglv. 

n -1 :iel 1 to .icl.l ; thi litde feathered trilje around nie, 
wa ble.l their simple lays in •• tuneful rnelodv" to the 
tiiunnuring falls of the river, while the mocking-bird, 
percWed on the waving top-branch of a towering cedar, 
repeated their various notes wi^h wonderful accuracy. — 
The recollec'ion of my misfortunes was entirel) dissipat- 
ed by this enchanting scener^, atid by a pleasing reverie 
which had stolen upon my mind ; I bad read pastoral 
odes and ru'-al descriptions with inexpressible pleasui-e ; 
but I had viewed them not as a true picture, but as the splen- 
d'd sallies of a lively imagination ; 1 was now convinced of 
their reality ; and nature tinadoraetl, never before ap- 
peared to mc ha\f so beautiful or interesting. 

In this tratiquil, soothing state of mind, I had imper- 
ceptibly wantlertd .several iniles, when a vivid flash of 
sulphureous ligiitning roused me from my reverie ; aitd 
I discovered that the horizon, which bti^a little while be- 
fore was transpttrenlly clear,_^ was now overcast by 
dark and threatniitg clouds, pr-*.agi;-^yn impending thu..- 
dcr stortrj, that warned n^'ioseek immediate slimier from 
its fury. _ The rainbeg^ prescn'ly to 4t.scend \]\ copious 
tortents, and not parceitfiTig a^-^ habif^tion wit'hin less 
Bian a milevl rctraat^l^p a parcel of sprtadi."vg oaks at 
'a^mall tlistaffij^frt^i trie, wit'ch formed a tolerable shel- 
ter fronjjj^ .(jjn : for althoudi i\Ir. ^'ol^ey in his late 
treatise «» on-tne soil and cliitiate of the U. Spates,'* has 
asserted, that with us " ii;"is tliey<K6/o« to go abroacl with- 
out umbrellas, and get as wet as water-fov^ls,** yet I pro- 
test that no Frenchman, iiot even the e::<|uisitely .ensitive 
Mr. Volney hiiiiseTf, has a greater aversion to wet clothes 
than I have. 

The \iittt:nce of the storm (iontinuing unabated, and be- 
ijta acc^toflfcd to accommodatie myself at all times as 
|!^11 as possible to my situation, I sat quietly down on the 
root of a neighbouring tree, and began to philosophize on 
the subliinity of t^.e divine .Creator. The repeated peals 
of majestic thunder, accoinpanied by almost incessant 
lightning, which darted in zig-zag lines alotig the trou- 
bled hori.-on, presented ii grand, yet awful spectticle. The 
approach of night now added additional glooin to the scene ; 
while the rain driven along in colums by a strong North 
■wind, appeared like volumes of smoke Hitting iitthe air. 

While waitingwith impatience fox the dispersion of the 
storm, my attention was arrested by the sound of a female 
voice ; I started from my seat with surprize, and listened 
with anxious solicitude : — hut all was still as death, save 
the roaring of the troubled elements : — ^presently a few 
plaintive sounds a^ain readied .ny ear, but I was unable 
to distinguislt their meaning. My curiosity was e-vciteJ 
to tile highest pitclt ; fttU of anxiety and apprehension for 
the uttfortuiiate.mou/ner, I, 8t«>l& soi."ily -f&wAvda the s]>ot 
from whence the sound had i.'^stied, I etideavoured, l>ut 
in vain, to gain a sight oif the distressed stranger j tlie 
thickness of the shrubbery and the darkness of the 
night completely obscured her from my inquisitive t^ve ; — 
she again resumed her plaint ve soliloquy, and I distinctly 
heard the following words; "Ah! cruel W Uiani ! how 
•' could you treat me thus ! To seduce me- from my 
" fond, my loving parent s,^jily to ruin and forsake itie, 
" was cruel indeed ! How could .you.^most ungra-e- 
" ful youth, thus abandon, thus tor^tire your poor So- 
" PliiA ? But I will not reproach you; I'wiil not 
" call youingraie; may that just God who sees all out- 
** actions, and knows all our sentiments, &jrgive yen, 
" as I sincerely do — but how dare I call on the name/j; 
" ^ CtOtar !^ KE is tlie protector of the innocent tm-.l 
,■>■ theiuisluoiR ; 1, alas ! airi not ainong that number.'^— 
H<j[^ convulsive sobs here interrupted her sptech : Sie 
■<.;ars which si* shed probably relieved her oppressed hear. 
;«-«-after a shor^ause she continued, ■• If thou, O Merciful 
" God, will forgive the transgressions of an nnforttmnie 
" girl, receive now, my Creator, the hnmble^supplications 
" of a repentaitt sinner." »•*»*** Tjie incessant 
torrent of rain whtclt now poured from ttie Hetivens, pre- 
vented irie. from hearing the remainder of her mthncho- 
ly suiiplleation — the lightning whifch now and th^-| 
mined tiie'Hfeary scene, at lengtli discovered to 
person of the fair mourner. Sne was ktleeling at the foo:"! 
of a majestic oak, whose Itixuriant branches, covered 
with thick foliage, in some measure, sheltered liei^ from 
the violence of the storm ; her hands were raised in a 
suppliant posture towards Heaven, while drops of rain, 
trickling down her forehead, mingled on her death-j-^l 
check, widi the biriny tears which Howed profuseiy from 
her large blue eyes. Her features conviirced me that she 
had once been handsome — but her roses had been blighted 
by keeti affliction, and beauty, alas ! had fled forever ! Her 
ctnaciated form applied sinking fast under the loa^ of 
griefwhich distmcled her mind. While I viewed this pii* 
tifu! obj.^ct, every sensation of horror, of compassion, and 
of detestation, successively agitated iny breast ; my pity 
for the suffering victim of seduction, was equalled only by 
my hatred of her abandoned seducer, — My mind was 
wrought up to the higliest pitch — and fi((rgetful of my situ- 
-.aiion, I involuntarily exclai'ited, " 'V'^s, po^r unfortunate 
" moiirner ; Heaven will hear thy contrite prayers ; and 
" that just God who rewards the innocent and punishes 

*' the guilty — that God will avenge thy wrongs." 

She sjtrang'nimbly from her kneeling posture with an 
exclamation oi mingled surprize and fear ; then looking 
wildly around she uttered the following words, accompa- 
nied by the most frtintic gesture. ' la not that the voice 
of a man ? Hast thou come again to torirtent me dacmijn .' 
Will no place hide me from thj sight ? Whither, Oh whi- 
ther shall I fly.' She no sooner uttered these words thati 

she.. I. ran./ irtc, '.h* woods with surtri^insr i w ,■ 

immediately ob.-cured from my si-ht.— 1 tat for some 
minutes niotioiless, absorbed in silent ntclaiicholy ; — 1 at 
length awoke from my stupor; and fin.ling that tne 
clouds weredispersed, I got up with a philanthropic sigh 
to proceed to town. Bur as my reader is jirobably tired by 
this time, as well as myself; the reilections which occurred 
tome on my walk, as we*! as some other remarkable inci- 
dents, shall be reserved for nw 2d Number. 




SOME explanation is doubtlesss due from the propri- 
etors of this paper, to their subscribers and to the public, 
for having changed the title. The only excuse which we 
have to .offer, 'is; that we conceived the present title more 
expre'ssive atid appropriae ihanthe f-Jtmer, ».n-'. :,,-i;. ■•;. -^ 
^Jlso, it would be more agrteaole to cur patrons, we didno^ 
hesitate to adopt it. 

It has been very generally admitted by persons of every 
class anidescription, that if this paper is properly conilucteit, 
it wil^ be higlily beneficial to society. To sav touch con- 
ceiningthe plan on which "The MiNERVA"wil! be con- 
dttcted, would be superfluous. The paper must speak for 
Itself; it is '.low before the public, and to their jiitlgment, 
with deference, we submit its fate ; hoping, never-h.lets, 
that they will view with a lenient c\e, any casual inir.rt- 
.pricties which may have escajied our notice, and make suit, 
able allowance for the yoitth and inexperience of its 

We should conceive ourselves guilty of ingrattr 
tude, did we not render our thanks to those g-.\tlertien 
who have actively interested themselves in fav ir of tur 
undertaking. — Let us not at the same time, forget the fa- 
vors which we hate received from some of the pronrieiors 
of Newsj,apers in this city ; the gcndemen to whom we 
now allutft, have behaved towards us with a liberalii v spl. 
ijin experienced, we believe, by young-begiiinlers, from 
persons of their own profession. 

We take leave of our patron.s for the piesent, with an 
assurance, th:n although we are nigWy d^flirlent of ou.- a. 
bility todo complete justice to the undertaking in which 
we are engaged, yet that notliing which is in oi:rp-<werlo 
perform; shall be wanting, to render "The Mi»eiva" 
worthy of theirpatronage. 


OCJ- Thcfrst mnnber ,f '• The MiNEitVA" W/if he uU- 
tnjuuU ger.a-a!ly throvnb this City, tbaf ere-y peram^vf" 
hL-:v an oppartuniiy ojperusin-g it . A iuisrrijjtiM: / i/icr it,/: 
I titn be carried rau.ui; w/mi those iiihn are pleased rMth Uie 
pulilicat'ian, may sniscrih to it, mthitit the tr,ml/le ifcal'.- 
Iiig at the nJtce.—A mnilar pl,m iiitl he pursued in Ku--^- 
Imrg li;iJ in Frcderich/iiirg. Every person suhcrioir.^^ after 
the appearance of the paper, v!ill be expc-te! to pay the ait- 
i.ual subscription, TWO voLhAKS, in aui-iince. ' ■- 



London papers to the l'3:hnfjnly state, that French d?'- 
serters wlio had arrived at Deal from Boul^gr.e ii forn-.'cd, 
that the French army is not very well satisfied v.-iih iio- 
naparte's assuming the Imperial digi.iry. -Notice beuig 
seitt to the army at B.-'ulogne of the day Botiaparie ••a; iS 
be proclaimed Emperor, on that day .he g.-neni c.^tn- 
mandinghadan Imperial crownafhxert on hi', tent, wt;»r7e 
it remai«edaild,ay ; but at night itwas torn ofl^a; -1 

pled under foot by the soldiers. Madame Mere .U' has 

caused a memorial to be printed and (".isi Imred every 

where shewing the innoccne ot her hushauu. By let. 

ier.i from Portsmouth it is again affirmed, that the 

leditate a serious attack on Jersey and Guerr.sey. ^Thft 

^roops within the vicinity of Brest, within a circle of 1- 

;t]es, have received instructions to concentrate 'hen-- 

that town, that they mny be ready foe..,nr.,.k 

moment's notice We learn by'^' acv ui.t.« 

fro^ r)u'.<lin, that symptoms of dis;urbance are again lii .- 

coyied in Ireland. Some days ago, we hcaixl thr.t 

nii^Sight meetings had been held in '.'•i;.' cjuniy c:' iC'.i- 


" . : DOMESTIC; 

■Some mi understanding is said to have taken pltice be- 
tween the U. States and tlie court of Madrid, on account 
of Louisiana,; it is presumed, however, tli.-t the haughty 
Dons will not be anxious for a rupture, as Ihey may there- 
by endanger t'neir American possessions.— Several ac- 
counts from Euro]ie assert, that the French Oeneril Tm*. 
reau, is now on his way to this country, where it is s.M 
he has been banished for two years, by the F.mpcror Na- 

]ioleon. The latest New-York papers state, tiittr 

British frigates, the Leandcr and C.tmbrian, contir.tic •.a 
insult and capture our merchantmen coming i-to that 

port In the defeat of Dessatines, at St Ji>^o by gen. 

Ferrand, the former had one thotisantl nw^ kill-'d and a 
great many tvounded ; the enragctl black >,)iief, to avcnp;tt 
hij U*sE, cruelly ordered several ivhit«:3 and tTiutattofS to 
be niaisacreed, and the cities of Monte Christe, and lo, t 
Uauphtn reduced to ashes. St. Domingo is in a c.^iir- 
plei6 state of defence, and if the French agents i.i ih- J. 
nited Stales exert thcmtelves in its favor, it ir.ust ''. 1 
out until peace is esiiiblisned, however reuto'f '.tat , , ■•' 


Vol. 1. 





VIRTUE, source of every heart-felt jny, 
Shall not thy living channs my lyre employ ; 
■Shlil 1 not own that in thy hallowed name, 
Conicntmcnt, ];eace, and every pleasure came ) 
'I'lio' povcrful wealth in many a venal state. 
May raise our rank, anJ bid the mean be great, 
Vet ssv, poor mor'al, 'mid the pompous glare. 
Can riches sm^oth the furrow'd hrow ol' care ? 
From the (iroui! gates bid Death's grim form retire .' 
Or wake 'lie spark jur,t ready to ex|)ire '. 

And what is Honour, you;h's illusive theme ! 

A ihin-blown buliblc dancing on the streamj 

Ir floats awhile, biioy'd up by inward wind, 

Then sudden burs.s, and leaves no trace behind i 

Lo ! Beamy, blooming as the morn of May, 

Surveys her rosy charms and seems to sa;. — 

" Riches ami Honour, what are they to me '. 

At Beauty's dazzln.g throne they bend the knee, 

Mv smile the most dejected heart can cheer; 

M»,/rown cm bid the boldest bosom fear : 

nicbes and Honour, what arc they to me ! 

At Beauty's dazzling throne they bend the suppliant knee." 

Va'n Beauty, know, that thou must soon be laid 

}■! (he cold grave, and all thy glories fade i 

}Iut Virtue stiil serene and mild ai)pears, 

And, firm and faithful, lifcs's sad journey cheere, 

Supports our steps, though faithless riches fly, , 

And all our honours in oblivion lie, 

I'nfolds celestial charms which ne'er decay, 

Tho' carrh-born Beauty, withering fade away, 

1'caches to meet, u-.imOved, Death's stingicss dart, 

And points to scenes where sorrow has no part. 




AuTHon or the "Pleasubis or Hope." 

( ! p^ bugles had sung, for the night-cload had lowr'd, 
Ai.d the ccmincl stars set their watch in the sky,* 
And thousands had sunk on the ground overpower'd, 
The weary to sleep, atid the woandcd to die ! 

~ When reposing that night onr.iy pallet of straw, 
I',y the V "If-scaring faggot that guarded the slain, 
At the dead of the night a sweet vision I sav/. 
And twice, ere the cock crow, 1 dreamt it again. 

M'-ihouKht from the battle-fields dreadful stray ,■ 
Far, far", had I roam'd on a desolate track, 
Till nature and su.ishine disclcs'd the sweet way 
To the house of my father, that v^-elcom'd me back. 

1 flsw to the pkasant field's travill'd so oft 
Jnlitt's irorningiiiarch.whenmy hosom was young, 
1 heard mv own mountain go«s bleating aloft, 
Andweil knew the strain that the corn-reapers sung. 

Then pledged we the wine cup, and fondly we swore, 
r.-om mj home and my weeping friends never to part ; 
Mv little ones kiss'd me a thousand times o'er, 
A..d my wife sobb'd aloud in the fulness of heart. 

Slav! slay with us! rest! thou art wear)- and worn, 
And fain was the war -broken soldier to stay ; ^ 

But sorrow retum'd with the dawning of mom, W- 
Aitd the voice in my dreaming car mcked away. « 



THE K-mphwho walks the public streets, 
Axid F.e's her cap ai all she meets, " 
May ca'clii'.ie fool whoturns to stare, 
Jiut men of sense avoid the snare. 

As or the margin of theflood 
\Vithsill<enUne my Lydia stood, 
J smil'd to see the pains you took^ 
To cover g*er the fraudful hook. 
Aiongthc forest as we strayed. 
Ton Saw the boy hislimetwigs spread j 
Cuct&M you the reason of his.ftar ? 
I, est heedless we approach too near. 
Tor, as behind the bush we lay 
T'.ic linnet flntter'd on the spray- 

TTeci'.sthere such caution 'o delude 
'• ■ caly fry, and fcather'd brood { 
* .» ;■ i.K ^ou with infevior?rt. 

•Jhe maid who modestly conceals 
Her beauties, while she' hides, reveals; 
Give but a, and fancy draws 
Whate'er the Grecian Venus was. 
From Eve's first fig-leaf to brocade, 
All dress was meant for fancy's aid, 
AV'hich evermore delighted dwells 
On what the bashful nymph conceals. 

When C:elia struts in man's attire, 
She shewstoo much to raise desire. 
But, from the hoop's bewitching round, 
Her very shoe ha.s power to wound. 

The roving eye, the bosohn bare. 
The forward laugh, the wanton air, 
May catch the fop, for gudgeons strike 
At the bare hook and bait alike. 
While salmon play regardless by. 
Till art like nature forms the fly. 

Beneath a peasan-'s homely thatch 
A Sijiderlong had held her watch i 
From morn to night with restless care 
She spun her web, and wove her snare- 
Within the limits of her reign. 
Lay many a heedless captive, slain. 
Or flutl'ring struggle in the toils 
To burst their chains and shun her wilcsi 
A slraving Bee liiat perch'd hard by, 
Bfheld her with disdainful eye. 
And thn.s began : ■ Mean thing ! give o'er, ■ 

• And lay thy slender threads nn more ; 

• A thoughtless fly or two at most, 

' Is all the conquest thou canst boast, 
' For Bees of sense thy arts evade, 
' We sec so plain the nets are laid. 

' The gaudy tulip that displays 

' Her spreading foliage to the gaze, 

•That points her charms at all she seeS, 

■ And yields to every wanton bixeze, 

, ' Attracts not me : Avhcre blushinggrowS) 
' Gunrded with tltprns the modest rose, 

■ Bnamour'd round and rojnd I fly, 
' Or on her fragrant bosorii lie i 

• Reluctant she iny ardour meets, 

' And bashful renders up her sweets. 

' To wiser heads attention lend, 

' And learn this lessor, from a friend i 

• She who with modesly retires, 

■ Adds fuel to her lover's fires, 

■ V.'hile stich incautious jilts as you, 

■ By folly your own schemes undo.' 


SWEETLY, on the hawthorn spray, 
Shakes the thrush his silver lay; 
Sweeter, in the listening dale. 
Plaints the pensive nightingale i 
But a nuisic far above 
Is the gentle Voice of Love. 

Smooth the servile note of praise 
That the courtier's care repays. 
When, in fortune's flattering houf '' 
High he holds the helm of pow'rt f • 
Bin a music far above 
Is the gentle Voice of Love. 

Grateful tothe soldier's ear 
Thrills the glorious din of war ; 
Grateful, o'er th' embattled ground 
Swells the cannon's solemn sound ! 
But a music far above 
Is the gentle Voice of Love. 

Welcome tothe farmer's toil 
Ceres yields the golden spoil ; 
Loud the peals of jnyance com* 
I'sh'ringin hi> har.c-.t home ; 
But a music far above 
Is the gentle Voice of Love. 

» Be but bright Eliza mine ; 
Pow'r, and fortune I resign ; 
Flanerv, with your syren creW, 
War, with all your charms, adieu } 
For vouB music far above — ^ _r 

Is the gentle Voice of Love. 


A CITY fop, with haughty walk. 
Would often o'er the conmion stalk. 
One day, in boots that would surjiasa 
The r?fl'exivity of glass. 
When stepping o'er the broadway street, 
A pup came barking at his feet, 
A stander-by obser\-'d the play. 
Andwonder'dwhyihe pup should bay. 
A boy replied, with wit acute, 
" He »eM A yuS'i'v ixTiiBSOOT." 
' ' mtmt, - • - • ' -■■"T-- ■ - 

L TL'cf,!hi:-i„g jjalhttk •■a.-ratke hjnm tU- pen of tkc vdl- Nircelist, Hellen Maria ■\Vii.liams ; it relate^ 
to occur/'cricej stii'Jresb in the recollection of Virginians — 
/* rcTninds us of those melancholy catastrophes by ti'hicb 
someofour readers, perhaps, have been bereaved ofafntbert 
a brother or a bosum friend.'^ 


" Mr. Herbert had an estate in the neighbourhood of 
Norfolk, in Virginia, and his house was iv-ithin halt" amile 
of the town. This gentleman had two sons and a daugh- 
ter. The eldest son, who was personally known to Gen- 
Washington, had been appointed one of his aid-du-campss ■ 
and was with the main army * the younger son remained 
with his father, and was walking with him, and his sister 
on the lawn before their house, when the cry of annswai 
heard. The young man hastily tore himself from his sis- 
ter, flew to his arms, and ruslied towards the town ; hifi 
father prepared to follow. Surprise and horror had, foir 
a few moments, deprived Sophia of the power of speech 
or motion ; but she now clung round her father's neck; 
and implored him not to desert her. He disengaged him- 
self from her hold, intreated her to be calm, 4nd go in. 
stantly to the house ; told her he would soon return, and 
recommended her to the rare of Heaven. 

" Sophia looked after him in silent agony, and, when, 
he was out of sight, still continued standing in the same 
attitude, unable to .>hed a tear. At length she saw a sol- 
dier running past the end of the lawn, and called to him to 
stc>p. The soldier paused a moment — he was one of her 
father's ten?nts. " Ah, Madam," he exclaimed. " all is 
over^'our troops have given way, and the English have 
set fire to the town ; I have no time"— ^ — " Stop," she ea- 
gerly cried, with horror in her looks, *' Have you seen my 
father and brother ?" "Ah, Madam, you will never see 
your brother more ; I served in Itis coir.pany, and saw hilrl 

fall, and I fear- " Sophia waited not for more, slie 

gave a piercing shriek, r.nd flew with precipitation to- 
wards the town ; but, as she approached, the sight of the 
spreading flames, the tumultuous cries of the women, antl 
the clash of arms, made her shrink back involuntarily. 
She had, howevci-, gone too far to retreat, and was mingi 
led with a crowd of helpless women and children, who 
were flying in desperation, they knew not whither ; some 
hastening froiTt the scene of desolation, others returning 
with distracted countenances, to save an aged parent 
from the fury of the flames. Careless of danger, and al- 
inost insensible of her situation; Sophia slid pressed for- 
ward, till she was stopped by a bleedingcorpse which op- 
posed her passage; when casting her eyes down She per- 
ceived the features of her brother, disfigured by death, and 
covered with blood. She clasped herhanjs — her lips mo- 
ved, but they had lost the power of utterance : her whole 
frame trembled; and she fell senseless on her brother's 

" When sbc recovered, she found herself supported b^ 
•an English ofiicer, who gazed on her with a look of ear- 
nest solicitude. She appeared for some minutes uncon- 
scious of all that had parsed ; but, when her recollection 
returned, and she perceived the dead body of her beloved 
brother, her sufferings were renewedin all their bitterness.. 
Disengaging herself from the arm that supported her, she 
pressed the remains of her brother to her bosom, and 
bathed theiti with her tears. The officer entreated that sh< 
w'ould permit him to lead her from that spot, telling her 
the flames would soon reach it, and that her life was ga 
danger. "My broiher !" she cried, " my beloved bro- 
ther !" Then, starting with sudden horror, she exclaim- 
ed, " Oh merciful HeaVfen, my father ! where's my fai- 
ther !" ^ 

" She attempted to snring forward, but the officer seir- 
ed ber arm. assured hdi|(hat the town was i\,;arly consum- 
ed and entirely desertecCand beg.-jed she would suffer him 
to conduct her to some place of shelter. 

" Without daring to cast her eyes again on the fatal ob- 
ject at her feet, she walked slowly away, leaning on her 
protector's arm. They turned froirt the town, and reach- 
ed the lawn, which led by a gende ascent to her flther's 
house. " At the end of this lawn." said site, " is the dwel. 

ling where " " Ah, I fear," answered the stran; 

but, before he could proceed, Sophia lifted her eyes 
perceived the whole mansion was in flames. 

" A person wringing his hands in all the anguish of des- 
pair, approached ■ he was her father. She threw het- 
self on his bosoin ; "Havel still my dear father left 
me '" said she, in a voice half choaked with sobs. " My 
son !" exclaimed the wretched parent, " my dear boy '." 


Printed By 






[VCUME 1.] 

niCHMOyiU :—ru E S D AT. SEPTEMBER 18, 1804. 

[Number 2.] 


4C- •€!*■ ^ 

^. lit.—" The MivEnvA" w!!! be ncutly primed, C^ 
^. weel^ly, on a half-sheet Super-Royal paper. .*^ j 

^0- 2d. — Tlw terms are two dollars per annum "3^ 
^&' to l>e paid in advance. ••^ 

V^"^. — A handsome title-page and '.able nf contents '^f 
^- will be furnished (gratis) at the completion of 'S^ 
^- each vnluiiic. .gpt 



The two extremes of severity and indulgence should be 
ftv,,ideJ. if pareflls wish to l)e hononr>d and respected by 
tlieir children. The. fr>rmermode of treatment iiiay, in- 
deed procure obedience ; but it will not proceed fipm af- 
fection ; and when Ihey are once exu-icared from the disa- 
greeable restraints im])osed upon thent, while under the pa- 
rental roof, thej- will retain an aversion to that authority, 
which they so much dreaded, and they will Itave hue little 
teverence for those who exercised it. With respect to 
ftf-rnselves, this reverie of situation may be fatal. They 
V'li make an ill usk of their present freedom ; they will 
enjoy it w theut moderation ; and will probably rush into 
the e.vtremes of dissipation. 

Bu*: a rigid and unkind behaviour is so seldom shewn 
f>7-pareh*ti to their obildren, that a partial and niisguided 
f ir.Jnesi is mti-h i>:"-e to he apprehened. Ti,e eff?::ts of 
this arc S'jon perceived. Forwhen ch'klren are unreason- 
ably indulged in ail their wants, and their inclinations gra- 
tihed wi-hout controtll, they have no sense of duty or obe- 
dience ; but generally oftend, by their rude and disrespect- 
Cill ma iners. The favours they have received e.tcite nei- 
ther 1 ve nor grii ituJe ; but, on the con'rary, render them 
more untit for the employments and civilities of active & 
social life. 

To avoid these fwo extremes, prudence anff fortitude 
are qualities absolutely necessary for discharging ariglvt the 
material o.nce. Knowledge will be wanted to direct the 
^ud^inent in forming a right plan ; and resolution will be 
Tequiredto execu'e it wi'h cTect. It is to i\o purpose to 
advise chidren ]i'operly, unless care be taken, that the ad- 
vice be foil . wed. — Good aud. wholesome iiia.\ims will 
inaka birt little iinpression, unless they are enforced by 
«ome degree of authority. The\ will soon be disregarded, 
if they are notveceived with respect. And they, who be- 
gin to despise- sahi'ai-y counsel, will soon proceed to the 
ne.x" step — that of d'^'^pising those who gave it. 

But if thisfxfie-ktndness besuRTeredto operate at school, 
as well as art h^ me : if cMdre'n be encouraged in a disobe- 
dienfcetotliose roh's which are necessary for the purpose 
of CT^duclit-.g the busint'^s of education ; if because of 
t^eir dislike, their apj>licarion is to be relaxed, and fre 
qilentlj' interru:)'ed by unr.easonablc ainusements ; and if 
frivolous" Cf.'mphiin^s are to be seriously attended to, such 
an in^ai*f«vance is not only lm))roper, but must be e.xtreme- 
ly prejudickil. ' N i improvement c^n or ought to be hop- 
ed for under «ncb circumstances ; and yet perhaps it is 
expected as much as from those, wlio are docile and dili- 
gent. ^ • 

To precept should be added example. This proves the 
necessity of mothers having-stich- a command over their 
own tempers, and conforming to such habits of regular 
conduct, fts, at no lime, to alford their ch^dren an oppor- 
,tuuity of remarking XHy of those improprieties in their 
' own behaviour, which they had admonished tlieni to 
avQid. , 

A mother, employed in the important business of im- 
proving the minds and crrrecing the dispositions of her 
children, is not ottly acting the par: assigned her by nature, 

"but is also performing a duty highly respectable as well 
as useful. She will be held in the same veneration as was 

.-Corndia, the Illustrious mother of the Gracchi; who, after 
the dea ii of her husband, applied herself to the care of her 
famdy, withawiidom and prudence that gained her uni- 
versal es'eem. Her two sons, Tiberius aud Caiu>, were 
insructed by her with so much skill, thjt though they 
were bom with the most happy ►alents, it was judged, that 
they were more iuUebtcd to education than nature. 


Messi s. Cook & Grantlakd, 

1 KE Editors of several An erlcan newspapers, have 
lani,, i.ublished the character i,i V\ illiaw I-i . ,,Ea:4L 
or CliA-, h AJi, as drav/n b\ ('hiet Justice biarsliaU i.ili.s 
liie < f General Washingioa. I wke. .he liber .y to tra.i;.. 
nut ; I u another por tait oJ that great man, by Elw eele. 
brated Irish Oratcr, Henry Gb.\tion. 


The Secretary stood alone — modern degeneracy had not 
reached him — urij^iual ami unaccommouatin^ — ti.c icu- 
tuies cf his character hau_tiic naruihooU oi a .titpu^) — ms 
august mind overawea n,«_(tst; j anu one cj nis s,/vcrcigiis 
thought majesty so imp^irca in his pit^cce, tliat lie 
conspired to remove hi,ii in orxler to be rtticvea fruiii 
his superiority. No siate chicanery^ — no narrow s;, stem 
of vicious politics — no id.c contest for nrmisjcrial 
victories sunk him to the viiigar level ot the ^reat — bu: 
overbearing, persuasive, ana impracticable — liis objecc 
was England — his aiiibitiou was fame. 

"Without dividing, he destroyed party — without cornipt- 
mg, he made a veuul a^^e unanimous. France suniv be- 
nciih him — with one ha.,d he smote the house of Bour- 
bon, and wielded in tiie other the Democracy of England. 
The sight of his mind was iiihiiitt, and his schemes were 
to ahcct not England — hot the present age only — but Eu- 
rope and posterity. — Wonderful v.ere the means b) which 
the;ie schemes were accomplished — always sedsanabie — 
always adequace — the suggestions of an understanding 
animated by ardor and ealighiened by prophecy. 

The ordinary feelings which made life amiable and in- 
dolent — those sensations which sofien, aiure, and vulga- 
rize, were unknown to hi.nn. No domestic diiliculties— *• 
no domestic weakness reached him — ^but aloof from the 
sordid occurrences of life, and unsullied by its intercourse, 
he came occasionally into our system to cou.isel to 
decide. — A character so exalted, so strenuous, so various, 
so authoritative, astonished a corrupt age, and the Trea- 
sury trembled at the name of Pitt through all her classes 
of venality. Corruption imagined, indeed, that she ha^. 
found defects in this statesman, and talked^kch of tlu; 
ruin of his victories — but the history of his^iiniry, a. it, 
the calamities of the enemy, answered and refuted iier. 

Nor were his political abilities his onlv talents. His 
eloquence was an sera in the_ienate peculiar and spsntane- 
ous, familiarly expressing gigantic sentiments and in- 
struc.ive wisdotTi : not like the terrene of Demosthenes, 
or the s)ilendid confl.igration of Tiilly, it resembled some- 
times the Thunder & sometimes the music of the .spheres. 
Like Murray, he did not conduct the understanding 
through the painful subtlety of argumentation. Nor way 
he, like Townsend, forever on the rack of exertion ; bu; 
rather lightened upon the subject, and reached the point bv 
the flashings of his mind, which, like those of his eje, 
were felt but could not be fdlowed. 

Upon the whole, there was in this man something that 

could create, subvert, or reform — an understanding a 

spirit and an eloquence to summon niankind to society, 
or to break the bonds of :lavery asunder, and to rule the 
w ilderness of free minds with unbounded authority ; some- 
thing that cruld es-ablish or overwhelm empires, and 
strike a blow in the world that should resound through 
its universe. 

g^ In the European Magazine for February 1793, it 
is stated up-'n good authort.-, that the foregoing characer 
was certainly written by Grattan. No pel-son now dis- 
putes the fact. Previtai.'-ly, it had been alternately attri- 
buted to Hume and Robertson. 

Is a striking instance of great talents and astonishing in- 
dustry at a very early age. When only twenty, he had 
already prepared materials for his great work, by copious 
extracts from the voluminous writings which compose the 
system of civil law. His modesty however, prevented him 
from exp jsing himself too soon to the public eye ; andlie 
had attained the age of thirty two befoi-e he ventured to 
publish the Persian letters, his first literary attempt. He 
perhaps rememberetl the maxim of Horace, 
Si quid tamen ftlitn. 
Scripseris, in Metii descendal judicis Axtres 
Et Putris et nostras .- itonuirlfjrue. prematiir iii anntttn. 

A rule which may be applied to every species of author- 
ship, as well as to poetry. 


lis travels were planned and executed with the 
'itol prudcnceand reflection. His view in Icav: 
n ctunti-), was to siudy the laws, constitu-io.., ...„. 
rrei-s cfoihersi to sec and convene with the learned 
polite, andjhe ingenious artist of each. For this pur- 
I pose, he waited till ! udy had infom.ed his mind, a-d re- 
necti ni haa r,.aiur<d Itis judgment. By ,he timi, he quit- 

"/.?rV t ■" "'";■"'' " ""/'" ^'Se. and his rime 
was .heady ki.iwn aid Ke.v.a.- i-ievi.-i.'l e 
lec.edani<nibercf .LeFtcuch Ac-ad«mJ<.and in crdcr 
to be totally ir.dependenr, and be able tc tlev ;e h-s vh Ic 
time to the cbjec-.s he had in view, lie resigned "his si'ua i 
on as a magisira.e of LcrUtaux. Af :er "v^s^nnc Geri-a" 
ny, Hungary. 1 aly, Switzeiland. and Holland; he came 
t. England, where he resided a considerable tirre Put 
he arrived too late, fcr Lccl.e and New , r., -le ,ii Men 
worhy to be assccia.ed will him, were dtatl. Ii; w^. ■ 
hcwever, much no.icec, by .he Qi.ccn <f England, the c* 
ebratea Car. line, ,v, ho cUriva ea the sciences and had 
i ng been in ccrrespendence with the most lean ed men 
oi her time. 

Mr. de Montesquieu had one pccvl'arity ; he rp#ir 
wcidd sufliji any painting or bust to be taken o'f i.-n Hi» 
aversion to ar.y luoh design was long insurmt uniable!' At ' 
lei.g.h, Easiier.a ctkbrated artist, travelled from Lc-rd"n 
to I'aris, on ] urj ose to procure a likeness of the treat Au- 
thor of the S-.pirit ci Laws, which might otscetd'oTOs. 
tcrjty.. But Mr. dc M. ci.lier from molives of modesty, 
or because he was unwiliirg to spare the necessary inie 
consi;,ntly resisted the pressing solicitations of tl r ^r-ist' 
At lasst, Dassier after employirg niany o'her arguments 
in vain, said to him, " Do not y, v. there is^as miv h 
pride m refiisingmy prcptjal as there wonk! be m con- 
.■enting toit ?" This shrewd and lively question disanii- 
ed the severity of Mr. de M. and he submitted. 

1 his great man died at Paris, at a distance from his fa- 
mily ai o connections, but surrounded anddceplyrcrictted 
b\ all ihe le-ari.ed and illn«tricu3 characters cf that can/al. 
Louis XVth made repeated enquiiies after his health and 
his ii; use ,was never for a morrent free from a crow'rt of 
frienos and admirers, who- anxiously waited the event of 
bii long and painful illness. He expired at the aget f six- 
:y si-:, iwth ihc c-Jm inTepiclii-y t>f arihohcst and upi- -> "it ' 
man, -vtiio had all his life devoted his talents, time 
and his/ortune; to the service of his fello-.v-cioatures ' 

i" Jfi 

'CI firm the loot mmba- of " The ENQ.rtsEa'. 
" The Raimeow— No V, Part 1st, o« t^•e j.mcricun. 
Genius." It is great pity that these elegant E^a^.s, vhi^b 
bear such Lmorable testimony of tie literary ciarr.etcr of 
Virginia, have not been generally republished^ at le^^t, in 
the papers cf air cmn state. 1 

THERE is not a country on the face rf thi- : I ' >r, 
\yhich nature has been more bountiful than to 1. I , ,.d 
Sales. The felicity of our situation ar.d -he dvcv-'Petl 
blessings we enjoy, have been the I heme of janegvric. 
til it is no longer possible to advance a new idea, t .'i mo- 
dify>nold ore, so as to give it an appearance of n'veky. 
Without eniering on a m-nue repetition of those ndvan a- 
p;es cf soil, clima*e, |)r^ducfions, and remo eness fi . m the 
Eastern con'iuent, which seem to promise us an cterniycf 
happiness ; I shall confine my present remarks to those 
mora! causes which are intimately connected with thecha- 
rac5jBr of anation. 

Eltropeans have sometimes accused /.m-;ica "f apovcr. 
ty of genius and weakness nf intellect, which place her 
much behind the ancient world ; and even the enligh'ened 
Buffon has adojned the ido:t tlia: nature is more feeble in her 
efi'orts, in the Weslern than in tlie Easiern Hemisphere, 
harge itstlfis aproif that E.iiopcan sagacity is still 

could onl> 

' of the roil on v.diich 

atempt for all other 

nprovements, are not 

A philantropistwill 

far from h-iving obtained i's perfect 
been dictalcdbyap illiberal prcfereiu 
we have been accidentally cast, and ac 
nations whose habits, manners and in 
similar to those of our own country. 

jiaiise, before he consigns to oblivion the fairest port'on r>f 
cnr i>laret ; and a philosopher will forfjct that he has any 
other country than ihe globe it.self, while he pierces wiih 
ardent gaze the mysteries of nature. If v.-e our eves 
overthc map of America, we shall pei-ceivethatnatine has 
not merely consulted its convcnienc:- or happines.i in the dis- 
irbution cf lierfavours ; she has done more ; she has put 
fnr»hallher strength, and ercctedmonuments to lief r wn 
glory. She has workft^on a scale of grandeur aptl n ag- 
nihcence, bcfo-re which the br-aaied prodigies r-f F.ur-pe 
hide iheirdiminishect'heads. Wher-- will F.urcpe shi'v lier 
Aiic'es which heatc their snow -ct- ^t sumifiirs ab-.-ve lie 
clouds ? Where are licr Aiiiazon and La t>'fti2 which wout.-l 
be regartUd as fabulous, did nor anthentic.histcn a"-st 
them > Where will .-he .-vhihit lakes like those o.f Cs . .- 
da, which convet -.->■' w-th ^:.i,h other and with the ocean, 



For 1804. 

bind aJl ilicrtonliem jiart of tliis great cDntiRem into one 
lnv.ii~. loMe com-^icrc-al chain ? 'iiie most enthusiastic ad- 
mirers bi Europea;ic.<crrtnie in-jsi sUriiiK fnjiiiihis com- 
parison i av.d atx far ackuoxvljagc that nature is here at 
least as 'j^i in her ske.c'.ies anfi a» vigorous in her pro- 
ducvinna ;^on the Eastern Continent. ^ 

Wh^-rt rhcse irnths present themselves to oiir minds with 
irrcsist.blc »''»fct, arc we to conclude thar the hand which 
has I'tviihcd such unequalled favors, has peuuriously with- 
held ihc more estimable endowments of the mind and the 
heart ! Has a paradise been given to degenerate souU who 
arc insensible to its chafins i Is nor the mind of tiie A- 
jrrcricanaiificicritl/ expanded to ta:kfe in these vast objects 
in all their magnitude and suWimiiy ? I will not insult my 
cjuntryin?n by addressing the question to *Ae?«. I [jd'celve 
aglow of indignation on every Cheek, and, while 1 wr.te, 
1 feci itdiificull to suppress my own. But it will be a more 
instructive task to examine the basis of these exalted pre- 
tensions ( to p:iy the just tribute of deference and homage 
to fiuTopean superioriiy.if it should lie established by in- 
ycHi^alion ; or to render to the iiiHuhe(T American, the 
honors which nature has conferred vlpou liiui, but which 
iioman ignorance has vainly endeavoured to obscure. 

It has been a qnesiion of endless speculation among the 
curious, at v/hix. time America was i>eopled, and whether 
iier inhabitants are her owrf offsfiringi or emigrants froix] 
the ol.l continent. If we are to suppose America cot;v:il 
v/ith the world, and that she became peopled as soon as 
tile other pans of the earth, we may he asked with triumph 
Opon wha,t principle wearctoaccount for her vast inferiori- 
ty in intellectual improvement ? Why did the adventu- 
t'uus bauds of enlightened Europe, who first e:^.plored our 
slfores, fiml thcna'tive American; niked, ignoTant and fe- 
rocious ? Upon the siTppositioh of equal talents & equal ad- 
va;Kages of soil and cliiir.ite, we may be told, that we have 
a right to expect an equal pi'ogression jn thre arts and sci- 
ences in any given time. The same causes must always 
produce the same effects. If the American genius had 
b-en equal to the European, it ought in the same lapse of 
vcars, to have explored as many sciences, invented as ma- 
ny ar s, and humanized and polished manner's in an equal 
<iegree . 

This reasoning is at first sight specious and imposing ; 
bur cannot withstand ihc test of rigid enquiry. I shall as- 
sume the hypothesis most disadvantageous to my position; 
that America is as eld andhasbten as long peopled as Eu- 
rope, Asia or Africa. I sliali also make the comparison, 
with thf most enlightened part of tlVe old world. When 
1 s?lect £imjpe for this purpose, it ought not however to be 
forg')Tten. that the arts and sciences haVe not originated 
with her, hut have sprung up in Asia; frorrr fhencehave been 
, transplanted to the scuihern pans of Eui'ope, and by ve- 
ry slow disgi-ees have j[^vead themselves intoTncrre Noith- 
ern cliniivtes. >s is also worthy of remark/ t>iat those 
cfauntries into which the sciences were first received, where 
the/ were most patronized, and flourished with richest lux- 
oriancc, are no-^ the gloomy residence of want, ignorance 
and despotism. 

Whoever has observed the progress of thehumarr mirtl, 
nmst have perceived that its first struggles with ignorance 
ifrerriways more painful and difTicult, than its subsequent 
effors. T^c steps by which weasccld from discovery to 
discovery, from science to science, are, short, gradual, na- 
toral anft li^y. But to leap at once from a^l>soluie igno- 
rance even to the humblest rudiment of linowredge, is in- 
deed an K'ercuiean task, and more frequently results from 
lucky accident, thin a'Ty eftbrt of the nimd. This 
remark, which is her** applied to the general p.'ogress of 
rnankind in the career of Vmpmvement, is exemplified and 
.uiily established, by their r^vimcts in every particular sci- 
ence. Until the beginning of the eighteenth century, tlte 
world had adopted the ideas of Ari^totJe on all metaphy- 
sical subjects, and it would have been Masphcmy to have 
tioubted x'he'n orihcAosy . LotUe explort'"d tlie inlets of the 
understanding, and explained some of its processes ; and 
what has been the consequence ? Within the coarse cf one 
century a gaWixy of illustrious jihilosophers have arisen, 
who seem to have left scarcely any thing to be discovered I 
horcafer. For m'ftiy ages astronomers had vibrated from ' 
one absurdity to another, which were all at length nua/- 
/jii'ff/ up in the vertices oC Descartes; a greater absurdity 
than all the rest. Newton appeared ; recalled the mind 
from its devious eccentric track ; gave it ^ projectile m\- 
palse and taught it to move in the orbit of truth. The 
world ha9 not since prodvced a N&wton ; but a thousand 
humble faV.owers have arisen, who Imve carried the sci- 
ence of astronomy beyond the utmost limits, which even 
his atherial genius could reach. These examples are suf- 
ficient to establish the position, that thtjirsi stsp in the pro- 
^cztofthe bifTntn'minaig the m^t difficiUt. and tbatmihcn 
ihU IS attained, all the rest ii:ill naturail)' follow. 

If these propositions are correct, it will follow that when 
we compare two nations with each other, we should first 
enquire whcher their situations have l>een equally auspici- 
ous to their gaining this /r*f */(•;,, and whether untoward 
circumstances have occurred to rerard their progress afrcr- 
wards. I shall endeavour to shew, that the superiority 
which Europe ha.s enjoyed over savage America", results'. 
in fact, from the fortuitous circumstances which attfi.ded 
lier fir.'^t settlemen*. by which she was enabled both to 
ina'-e an earlier advance in science, auid to pursue her tls- 
-uverics to s greater extent. 

n. These colo- 
nother country, 
*hemselv^;s, but 
as they related 
We know but 

Greece was iiihnbittd by savage and barbarous tribes, 
when the Phoenicians, a people of Asia, sent forth coioniea 
who took up their ;ibodc within her bosc 
nists carried with thein the arts of x\\t 
which \Ci-rcind?ed very inconsiderable ii 
highly important as I iiave already shewr 
to the future progress of their possessors, 
little of Phxnxia, or whe-her she derived htr knowledge 
from others, or gave b'rth to it herself. But whatever 
w:is thcmodeby .vhich she acquired it, we may presume that 
it resulted from nearly the same causes which conspired to 
preserve, enlarge and ripen it, after it was transferred to 
the Greeks. As this perifjd is more within the compass of 
history, our conclusions from it will be more just and accu- 
rate, than from any prior xra. 

These colonis:s,_ small in number ; surroiiilded by nume- 
rous binds of hostile barbarians ; and unable to occupy an 
extensive territory, contracted themielves within the walls 
of diies, together with a small margin oi'land aroundtliem. 
Ai population inci'cased, this landbecarrie insufficient for 
their support, and hence they were driven to the invention 
ol new arts ; hence they resorted to commerce as a mode 
of procttring^'^ence ; hence many turned their enquiries 
into the walks of literature, Si gave to Greece her splendid 
pre-eminence over the nations of antiquity. Greece lost 
her liberties, but retained her science. Th? barbarians who 
came to dei^noil her of her wealth, carried ofFalsQ a more 
precious treasure, of whose va!ue they unconscioiis, 
the seeds of I earning & the sublime speciilations ofethicks, 
which required only time to germinate and mature. The 
rifled flower faded ande.ij)ircd ; but its sweets were hoard- 
ed ifp by the industriotis plunderers, to become the sources 
of a more permanent delight. The human mind, which 
had flowed like a majestic river through the favoured soil of 
Greece, and cfispenscd its blessings around, now chr^.nged 
its chai)nel, and by this m^'lanrholy alluvion, .Teft its inici- 
ent bed a, naked, .dreary, and sterile dcsart. It happened, 
fnrtonately for Europe, that all the countries into which li- 
terature was introduced, after the ruin and subjugation of 
the Grecian states, were limited like them in extent of ter- 
ritory, abounding in inhabitants, and condensed within the 
dirnensions of single cities. The necessary consequence of 
populous communities, is, tTiat a cTivision of labor should 
take place, which infallibly leads to excellence in alf the arts 
which embeTTish life, a^ well as in those which minister to 
the ^vants of men. Trie Arcadian scenes of rural Tife trtay 
be the residence of peace, simplicity, innocence, and hap- 
piness ; but it is in tlic collision of towns, that the human 
energies aVe called forth, and the humTn mnid swelfs into 
gigantic stmire. It is in towns iho't the arts&. sciences re^ 
celve their birth ; and there at'sothey are Carried to perfec- 
tion. Rome assumed the wrcitli of the muses whicfi had 
been plucked from the brow 6f Greece ; and sh^ in turn 
resigned it to the Northern barbarians who have founded 
the present political societies of Europe. I'rom this rapid 
review of the progress of learning, it appears, that Europe 
was peculiarly happy, first, in having received, the germs 
of literatiire from another couiitry ; and secondly, in" hav- 
ing them deposited in cities/ which like hot -beds quickened 
their ^^row tJBfc, 

The siiidHfn of America was the reverse of all this. A 
country of unbounded extent ; possessing spontaneously e- 
vcry species of wh< lescme aliment ; its forests filled with 
those animals which invite man to the chase; these appa- 
\ rent advantages of nature are the real causes of the retar- 
dation of ihe human intellect in America. None of those 
causes existed which cculd cotnpd \\\e American to take 
the j?r*f jfe/>j towards improvement ; and men are only to 
be diiven from ignoi^nce, by the strong arm of neces- 
sity . 

Arherica it is true was occupied, like ancient Greece, by 
inhospitable and ferocious tribes. But this circumstance 
could only induce them to remove farther from each other, 
which an Jnoounded continent enabled them to peform, 
withotit limitation. Nor should it be forgotten, that imi- 
fomi experience telh ns, that there is a certain fascination 
in the wild and unrestrained state of nature, which would 
forever deter men from the yoke of civilization, did not 
necessity e^itame them. 

In she 

word 1 

ing cause against this rule, the learned Geniletwan 
a great variety cf instant-js, whcro the wjrd tnitit 
meant to exclude the day speciiied, and alluded to the 
hich Mr. Dallas had arg)ied to be sv.ioninmus 
The Attornex-General asked Mr. Dallas, if he had invited 
Kim to dinner, whether he would argue that the dinner it- 
self was meant to be excluded, and that he was to go a- 
waywhcn dinner was served up ? |Ie then quoted a va- 
riety of cases on civil contracts, where the word until was 
allowed to include the day named^ such being the 
ai)parent intention of the parties on the face of their deed 
— he applied this to the record before the court, which he 
argued; sufficiently shewed that it was intended to include 
the 29th November in the term of the holding of the de- 
fendants— Mr. Erskinc in his argument elucidated the 
pomt by another quotation to i)rove that the word until in- 
cluded the day named : he cited a poetical line. 

*• As chaste as id tintil the •marriage c/av- 

Mr. Dallas^in reply, insisted that the words nuto and 
until were syfidhimous, the one applying to space, tlie other 
to time, and cited a case to shew it had been decided that 
unto -a. place meant to exclude the place itself. — With res- 
pect to the illustratJo«s of hie learned friends, he thought 
they made against them. He would answer to the leai-n- 
ed Attorney-General's case by another. Supposing he had 
done himself the honor to invite the Attorney General to 
dinner with him, and knowing, as he did, the great value 
of his time, he had said that he need not Lome [.;)f;7dinner. 
Notwithstanding^!} the good temper of the learned gen- 
tleman, he believed that he would think it a bad joke, if 
he were not to send for him until dinner was over, and 
then justify it by the learned Gentleman's own arguments, 
that until dinner, meant to include dinner, that his invita- 
tion consequently was not until it was over. But his leanir 
ed Friend, Mr. Erskine/had been more unfortunate still 
in his quotation of 



Court of King* s Bench— London, May 11. 


The Attorney-Geheral, Mr. Erskine, Mr. Garrow and 
Mr. AH^bot, shewed cause against the Rule obtained by 
Mr. D:.llas, for arresting the judgment m the cause. The 
twodefendents were convinced of extortion in taking a ' 
lackof rupees from an Easi-India Rajah, which, by our 
laws, is declared to be extortion. The information a- 
gainst them stated, that being persons in ofiice under the 
East-India company, from the 26th of December, until 
the 29th of November, during the time they so continued 
in office, to wit, on the 20th of November,' did take the 
bribe in que^^ion. Mr. Dallas obtained a rule to shew 
cav'.iio on the ground, that until the 29 of November, ex- 
cluded that day ; and that taking the bribe on the 28th, 
whkh was the dav after their office was stated on record 
to oease, did nor bring them withia the word of the act. 

Chaste as ice until iLe 

age day.'* 

There was no fraction of a day in law, and therefore if 
until was inclusive, the lady must be chaste the whole of 
the marriage day, <tfhich he feared any lady would hardly 
think to be justified by this exposition of the word until ^ 
and some thirty years ago T>is leapiied friend would have 
argued differently on this subject. Mr. D. then proceeded 
to adduce a grea.t many fegat authorities to suppott his o- 
plnion and denied that any argument could be drawn 
against him from those cases which related merely to mat- 
ter of contract inasmuch as they were inapplicable to mat- 
ter of criminal charge. 

The Court said, they must take time to consider of tk« 


His Grace the Duke of Bedford has erected, in th« 
Garden at Wohurn, a Temple consecrated to Friendship, 
and decorated with busts and poetical tributes to his most 
valued intimates. Several votaries of the muse, including 
General Kirkpatrick, have attempted to celebrate Mr. Fox 
— but his Gi-ace, who acted as Marcenas, has given the 
preference to the following tasteful lines from the elegant 
pen and refined genius of the Duchess of Devonshire, in- 
scribed on a pedestal sujiporting a Very fine bust of Mr. 
Fox : 

Here, midst the friends helov*d, the man behold. 
In truth unshaken, and in virtue bold ; 
Whose patriot zeal and uncorruptedmind 
Dar'd to assert the freedom 6f mankind ; 
And whilst, extending desolation far, 
Ambition spread the baleful flames of war, 
Fearles of blame, and eloquent to .save, 
'Twas he — 'twas Fox — the warning counsel gave ! 
'Midst jarring conflicts stcm'dthe tide of blood. 
And to the menac'd world a sea-mark stood ; 
Oh ! had his voice in mercy's cause prevail'd. 
What grateful millions had the Statesman hail'd! 
\Vhose v>'isdom bade the broih of nations cease, 
And taught the world humanity and peace ! 
But though he fail'd succeeding ages here 
The vain yet pious efiort shall revere ; 
Boastin their annals his Ulustrious name, 
Uphold his greatness, and confirm his fame ! 


Olive Oil, or as it is frequently called, Sallad Oil. is ^n 
excellent remedy for the bite of a poisonous snake. This 
should be rubbed on the part affected, a? soon as possible, 
while held over a pan or pot nfcoals. The embrocaMon 
should be continued till the swelling subsides, and the heat 
be as great as c»n well be borne. This remedy is neither 
painful, tedious, or expensive, and I am well assured is ef- 
fectual for the bite of any reptile, however venemous. 

It may not be without use to mention here, that Oliva 
Oil is the quickest, easiest, and best cure for iumsy scalds, 
Ijfc. that has ever come to my knowledge, and is so useful 
in a family that none ought to be without it. 

A Friend to SimpUs 

Vol. 1. 



THE lanRuai^-'Vr aMntion, especially if delicate, is 
pleasing to mo^t persons. Listen not however, with ea- 
ger attention, to the coiupliments paid >ou by the other 
•ex ; nor l>elievc, bec-uisc the;, niav utter a few tc.-.dcr ex- 
pressions, that they are enair.prcd witli you. Kemembcr 
tha; some gentlemen think it a duty they owe ro ladies, to 
be very comi::aisant to them ; but the very same rompli- 
inents they 1)8) to one lady, wil., with equal ardor, the 
ne.xt moment, be conft-rred by them on another. 

Avoid a^ectaljim ; it indicates a want of sense. Affec- 
tation is also disc^'reeable; it will expose you to ridicule; 
wtd may obscure the good qtialities }uu pos^ss. 

While you shall hold virtue in the highest esteem, suf- 
ier not yourselves to be charged with /)ruc/ery. It may 
cause your virtue to be suspected, and is often a cloak for 
at depraved heart. 

Blush not to be thought nligioat ; nothingcan so digni- 
fy and bless liuinan nature as religion. But while you 
strive to be stncdy rctii^inua, you will discarU all the parade 
and ostentation of hjjtucnsy. 

Be not hasty to propagate a report unfamnrable to any 
ofyourse.x. It is an evidence of a Aaa Aetnf, to publish 
with pleasure, the foibles or vices of others. Such con- 
duct must be very uiibeccming in youn^ ladies, for rea- 
»ons too obvicus to mention ; and they should always 
remember, that. the vices of cthets, add not to their own 

If a present is conferred by you, on a gentleman, it 
•houldbe done vi'iiii great pruiienK ; and, it should be ob- 
served, that ei^ual ptt<dence is required of you, in receiving 
a present from one not of your sex. 

It should be considered, that beauty is no sign otmrrit ; 
*nd that a handsome person may be rendered disagreea- 
ble b)- pride. 

It will 3jdd to your re/iitteltion nfeyer to be guilty of detrac- 
tion, but to shew a regard rather ifor the bonor of others. 
hnd to jour peace, never to indulge the paksion of enrji. 


HAIL, Indian plant '. to ancient times unknown ; 

A modern truly thou, and all our own. 

While through the tube thy virtues areconvey'd, 

Thou giv'st the slalesman schemes, the student aid ; 

But soon as pulveris'd in smart rappee. 

Thou strik'st sir Foplings brain — if brain there be ; 

He shines in dedications, poems, plays ; 

Soars in Pindarics, and asserts the bays. 

Thus dost thou every taste and fancy hit i 

In SMOKE thou'rt wisdom, and in snvff thou'rt VviT. 


A young man, a pupil of Blanchard's, arrived lately in a 
balloon at Cussionieres. He had been as high as 2,400 
yards, and abrve the mountains of Bugei. He was only 4 
hours and a half in inaking 12 leagues. 



A Poundof turnip seed sown, after harvest, upon an a- 
cre of light, sandy or gravelly land, that is poor or worn 
out by over-ploughing, and where manure is wanting (the 
crop of which being ploughed in when grown high) will 
in two months* time, die away and rot, and enrich the 
land, as ntuchas 20 loads of common manure to an acre. 


tord Falkland, the author of the play called The Mar- 
riage Night, was chosen very young to sit in Parliament ; 
and when he was tirst elected, some of the members oppos- 
ed his admission ; urging that he had not sowed all his 
wild oats. Then, replied he, it will be the best way to 
sow the remainder in the house, where there are so many 
geese to pick tliem up. 

Some time after theconclusion of the late war, a youtig 
, American was present in a British playhouse, where an 
interlude was performed in ridicule of his countrymen. A 
nunriber of American officers being introduced in tattered 
uitiforms and bare fooi, the question was put \o them se- 
verally — What was your trade before you entered into the 
army ! One answered a taylor, another a cobler, Stc. — 
The wit of the piece was to banter them for not keeping 
theriiselves clothed and shod ; but before that could be ex- 
pressed, the American exclaimed from the gallerj' " Great 
Britain beateo by taylors and coblers \ Huzza '" Even 
the prime mijister, who was ])resent, coilld not helpsmil- 
ini;, amidst a general peal of laughter. 



THE immortal Addison in the 86th Number of the 
Spectator, makes some very sage observations on the 
Science of Physiognomy ' We are nf> sooner* says he, 

• presented to any one we never saw before, but we are im- 

• medially struck with the| idea of aproud,?. reserved, ua 

• aflible, or a good nattired Man ; and upon our first go- 
' ing into a company of strangers, our benevolence or aver- 
■ on, awe or contempt, rises naturally toward? sevc al pai - 
' ticular persons, before.we have heard them speak a singU 
' word, or so much as know who they are.* 

It is certainly true that we always form some opinion 
of a man's character upon first sight ; but experi'tice must 
have taught every one who has had sufticienj imercourse 
with the world, tbat such prepfisscssions are as utijuat as 
they are fallacious. It can be no harnt ^ to entertaiki a fa- 
vorable ideaofa stranger, who hasbeen blessed with pleas- 
ing features, although we may sometimes have occasion 
to repent our credulity ; but to suffer ourselves to be strong, 
ly prepossessed against a person because his features are 
not so regular or so cotnely as some which we have seen, 
is highly illiberal. True, it is, that some countenances are 
so very strongly niarked with the lineaments of vice, that 
a person might distinguish the possessor to be aVil:ain by 
moon-light — but for the honor ol huiVlan nai;ure, such face's 
are extrentely rare, esijccially on this side of the Atlantic. 

' Every passion' continues Mr. Addison, • givesaparti- 

• cularcast tothe countenance, and is apt to discover itself 
' in some feature or other. I have seen an eye curse for 
' half an hour together, and an eye-brow call amanscoim- 
' Arel. Nothing is more common than for lovers to com- 
' plain, resent, languish, despair, and die in dinnb show.' 
Few of the fair sex, 1 believe, will pretend to dispute the 
Spectator's assertion, as to the power which the passion 
of love assumes over the features of the •* human face di- 
vine ;*' but although I conceive it quite easy to jutlge by a 
lady's physiognotriy witenshe is in love.St with w honi, pro. 
vided her lover be present ; yet I protest that I could ne- 
ver rightly discover the temper of a lady, either bv her 
countenance or behaviour when incompany. Sheisthen 
all politeness, good-nature and afiability ; report however, 
says, that she is sometimes strangely metamorphosed when 
free from the scrutinizing eye of her admirer ; but I dis- 
credit such insinuations, as they are generally used by pec. 
vish old Batchelors, who envying the happiness which 
their married friends possess, and which they cannot at- 
tain, seize every opportunity of lessening the merits of the 
fair sex in the estimation of single men. 

* Those who have established ph; siognoiny into an art, 
' and laid down rules of judging Mens tempers by their 
' faces, have regarded the features much more than the- 

* air. Martial has a pretty epigram on this subject : 

* Thy beard and head are of a different Dye / 

* Sbnrt iif one Font, distorted in an eye .■ >■ 
■ With all the Totals of a Kna-oe complete,' 

* ShunUVst thou he honest, thouWt a devUisb Cheat.* 

' In the mean time I think nothing can be more glorious 
' than for a man to give the lye to his face, and to 
' be aiihonest, just, good-natured man, in spite 
' marks and signatures, which Nature seems to have set 
' upon him for the contrary. This very often hapjtens a- 
' mong those, who, instead of being exasperated by their 
' own looks, or envying the looks of others, apply them- 

* selves intirely to the cultivating of their minds, and get- 
' ting those Beauties which arc more lasting and ornamen- 
' tal. I have seen many an amiable piece of deformity ; 
' & have observeda certain chearftilness in asbad a systein 

* of features as ever was clapped together, which hath ap- 
' peared more lovely than all the blooming charms of an 
' insolent beauty. There is a double jjraise due to virtue, 
' whenitis lodged in a body that seems to have been jire- 
' pared forthe reception of vice ; in many such cases the 
' soul and the body do not seem to be fellows.* 

I have been so often deceived in lYiy opinion of inen, 
when I have judged them by the abstl-Use science of Phy- 
siognomy, that I have at length become e-xtremely wary of 
fonriing a good or bad opinion of a strange face, before I 
am somewhat acquainted with the character and ntind of 
the possessor. During my researches for discovering the 
truth of Physiognomy, I have had frequent occasion to 
notice the difference of opinion bet\veen the sexes, relative 
to feminine beauty. Every gentleinan extols the charms 
of a handsome lady t but few ladies concur in giving just 
praise to the accomplishments of their female acquain. 
tance : Ihave toogood an opinion of the fair sex, to be. 
lieve that the clearness of their vision can be dimed by en. 
vy ; but I am really at a loss to account for this, inconsisi, 
ence in any other way. 


Messrs. Cook & Gr.^ntland, 

1 AM glad to find that you have commenced yourpa- 
per, as I am convinced that if it is conducted with taste 
and decency, it will be found highly entertaining and in- 
structive. No periodical papers are more valuable than 
well selected Miscellanies, occasionally interspersed with 
original Literary Essays, — It is somewhat surprising, con- 

sidering that Virginia is the most ancient rf l,e L.Jtrd 
States, and thatlicr inii ibitants have been highl,, ei.imenc 
for their literarv att.ii,-iment5, that a publication n this 
kind hitd never before been undertaken. N.» one ca:t pre- 
tend that our newspatjers are calculated for the entertain- 
ment of female readers — Nothing can be more absurd 
than to suppose, that the gentleness which peculiarly marks 
the feminine character, should be delighted with detailed 
accounts of battles, massacres, &.C. ; or that thej should 
feel themselves highly interested in dry discussions ..f poli- 
tical controversy. Besides, 1 never see aLuly wiih aiiews. 
paper in her hand, but I aii\ uneasy, lest her eye should by 
change, glance upon one of those obscene advcrtisenienls 
or wantcn jests, with which they arc commonly pretty 
plentifully stocked. 

Your obedient servant, 



*' H AjtLEV No. 2," wis received too late for this dayS 
paper ; it shall certainly appear on Tuesday next 

,vhen convenience will 

Edwaud" shall hive a pla 

" Alfred** is received ; but being merely an echo to 
Harlev, is deemed inadmissible. 


It is reported in the foreign papers, that Russia is arm- 
ing against France, and meditates an attack against her 
on the side of Italy, by means of an armament from the 
Black Sea, and the co-operation of the English fleet in the 

Mediterranean. A commission, composed of the 

Government State, has been nominated by the govern- 
ment, to repair to Paris and congratulate Bonaparte on his 
exaltationto thethrone. The time of theirdeparlure isnot 
yet fixed, and will not perhaps take place before the coro- 
nation. The day of the coronation is not ict fixed ; but 
that ceremony will not be dispensed with. ' The thirty-six 
cities, whose mayors are to assist at it by -their oaths, have 

been selected by the Emperor.^ A letter from GibraJ- 

tar, dated June 11, states, that •• the Gibraltar of 80 guns, 
commanded by capt. Reeves, arrived this morning from 
the fleet of Totilon. which he left on the 31st May. By 
the Gibraltar we learn, that the French fleet did come out 
as was reported, but did not dare to go beyond the protec- 
tion of their own batteries ; Lord Nelson however, imme- 
diately resolved to attack them close to the harbours mouth 
and Admiral Campbell, with two ships of hisdivision,got 
into action with them, when the whole French squadron 

m, mediately retired into Toulon." The Admiral 

Alphin, an East-Indiaman, capt. Rogers, has been taken 
ken by the squadron tinder Admiral Linois. Thisintelli. 
Fence is received by the Dutch Indiaman, La Misauia, 
sent into Plymouth by his majesty's frigate La Loire, the 
captain of which states, that when he left the Isle of 
France, there were lying there, the Countess of Suther- 
land. Country ship. Admiral Alphin, and a brig 

all captured and sent in by Linois.: ^ report prevails 

at Dover, that nearly one hundred sail of the enemy's gun- 
boats, under convoy of a sloop, have within these few 
days effected their escape from Boulogne to Cherbourg. 
They proceeded so near in shore, that it was impossible for 
the English ships either to intercept them, or in any ma- 
terial degree to interrupt their progress. 
General Moreah has certainly embarked for the United 
States, whereat is said he was determined to pass the re- 
mainder of his life i it is reported, that he intends settling 
either in Philadeljihia or the western parts of Pennsylva- 
nia. A letter from capt. Stewart, of the brig Syren, 

dated April 25, to his friend in Philacielphia, announces 
the capture by him of the brig Transfer, a Grecian vessel, 
from the Archipjelego, laden with valuable merchandize, 
and 19 Turkish soldiers, bound to Tripoli. — The commo- 
dore had valued, equipped, and taken her into the service 
of the U. States. The Syren was to proceed to the block- 

ade of Tripoli. A letter from an officer on board the 

U. S. schooner Nautilus says, we send you a brig we cap- 
tured oft' Tripoli, standing in, under English colours, in vi- 
olation of the declaration of the blockade of that port. 
Being advised by commndore Preble, we send her to A- 
merica for adjudication. We had an engagement for an 
hour, with 11 gun-boats, offTripoli, within half gun-shot 
of the batteries. We drove them into port, without any 

loss on ouVside An article under the head of Madrid 

May 24, says. The American envoys are shortly expected 
here, who, it is supposed, are commanded to settle with 
ourMinistry, on several collateral si^bjccts. 1st. The dis- 
cussions which took place last year, between the American 
governinent and the governor of New-Orleans ; 2d. — Ar- 
rangements which concern Spain in the cession of Loui- 
siana to the United States ; 3d. Propositions made by 
this government, on the subject of the Floridas. It is sup- 
posed that these plenipotentiaries will bring with them the 
ratification of the convention past in the month of August 
last, between their government and our minister resident in 
America; & that they will commence a negociation with 
a commission appointed to settle with them several less 
important points hitherto undecided ; such as the line of 
demarcation ou the frontiers, ^c. 


1 llJb. MIN ER V A. 




%»: ~~" ^ 

\n%t peculiar entrgy nfnorn, !n itt eperat'iont n* youthful \ 
genius, M expressed vjtfi exalltnt effect, in tbe^olliKtiiig 
pr.xtagefnnn Campbell's Pleasi'r^ or tioPE."] 

Cnr.Kcn'al Hope ! rtiy passion kindling f>':Wer 
Hfw b'ight. how srronfe, 'in youth's uniinubl'^d tour ! 
On yon proud height,' tiifh Genius hand In liand, 
I tec thee light and wave tliy golden wand. , 

Go, Child of.Ueav'nJ^^thy.uayigetl wonlsproclain 1 
'Ti5 ^hi.'e to search the boMi.i'.less litl.lsof fime ! - 
l,o! Newton, Priest of Nature, 'thineX ai'ar, 
S^anji the wide world, and r.unibcrsev'ry star ! . 
WiU thou, with hiln, niystennus rites apply^ 
And wn'cli the shrink with wonder beaming eje f 
Yes, thou Khalt irlaHt, v.ith'magic art profound. 
The speed of light, the circling inarcli of sound ; 
With F^anlilin {^a«p the lightning^ fiery wing. 
Or ) ield the lyre oflleav'n another string. 

The Swedish sage adinires, in yoijder Ijow'rs, 
Hs winged inseir* and his roiy ffmv^s j _' 
Chills, from their woodland haunfsThT savage train "" " 
^V■.Ih s'lmding horn, and oounts them on the plain- 
So O!'0e, a: TJ«^av*ns comri-and the wand'rers came 
To Bdcii'e »hailt»Tld heard ttieirviii'lousnamc. 

Far from' the world, in yon sequesterMcliine, 
?l -w j)is« he sons rf \Vi«^doiii, more sublime ; 
Calm as the fi-U^ o/IIeav'n, his sapient eye 
Tli-l-^v'd A henian lif's 'o realms on high! 
Ad'nlii.ig Plato on h(s spoiles:. page, 
B a^'nn ^^,( bright dictates of file Kai|)er sage : 
• Sl'.all Na ive hoiuid lo Eanh's diurnal spa4 
T'.c fire ol God, th' im!i!Ortal!soul of man .'* 

Tum, Child of Heav'n, thv rannirc-lighten'd eve 
To Wisdom's walks, the sat'red Nine are nigh ; 
K»,rk ! from bright spires that gild tlie Deljihian height, 
fro-iis, reams that wander in ecenitil li.rjht, 
?anj^3 on their hill, Harinonia's daughters swell ' 
n he iiiingii'ig tones of horn, and harp, and shell ; 
IVj.-ij froi'i ius vaults, the Lo\ Ian murmurs flow, 
And Piihia's awful organ peals below. 

Brlov'd of Hi^av'n ! the smiling Muse shall shed. 
Her moonlijhtKaTo on thy beauteous head; 
Shall swell thy heart to raptuic uncojifin'd. 
And breathe a hrly iiiadness o'er thy mind. 
I s'.e the^ir^:iTn liVr guardian pow'r beneath. 
And talk wi'h s]\iri's en the midnight lieath ; 
Iriquire cfgi\i|TyA\a]vd'rcrs whence they came, 
Andask each Mood-s-ain'd form his earthly name ( 
Then « eave in veric the deeds ihey'tell. 
And read the trembling world the taksof hell. 

When Venn?, thron'd in clrudsef rosyhue, 
Flirpsfrr.m her g.-lden urn -he vesper dew ; 
Ai.dbids fon.l man her (;linnniering noon employ, 
S:icix-d f kve, and walks of tender joy ; 
A n ilder mood the goddess shall recall. 
And S' !• as dew tl.v tores rf tjuisic fall ; 
While Bi-auo's deeply pic ur'd smiles impart, 
A pa-g more dear than [.Icasure to <he heart- 
Warm as hy sighs shall flow the Le.bian strain. 
And pKad in Beauty's ear, nor plead in vain. 

Or Witt thru Orphean hymns more sacred deem. 
And s-epthy soiigii^ Mercy's ir.cUow stream ; 
? f ! e- .ivc drops ihe radiant eye beguile— 
For Beauty's ic.irs are kvelicrchai. her smile •— 
On Nn ute's thri libing anguish pour relief. 
And teach impas»iou'd5;OuU.the Joyof Grief ( 

Yes ; to'hy tongui shall seraph words h- eiv'n 
A "d pow'r on earth to j lead fhe cruse of Heav'n •' 
The proud, the eoklun:r.M,bl..dheartcf stone. ^ ' 
1 hat never inus'd on sorrow hot its own 
Unlocks a generous store »fih- c"mmand, ' ' ' 
I. ke Horeb'srtcksbenea h the pr'-pl^ti's hind, 
-' hclivn'-nUmtber of his.kindred eaPh, — 
Charn.'d in-o soul, rfct^ivtts'a «ec^^d Mr-h ■ 
Ff Is rh- d-ead potv'r another heart aBord, ' 
W hrne I j.r.ion icuch'd hanti8nf-us strii^s acc-rd 
T nie as tl e circlirg spheres to K^tln-e's [.llin : 
Ai;d man, the broiher, lives the friend cf man! 

pv,^»,. a, ,h- p^itar rtjs* a»>Jea,v'n:sjc'omraand,l. 
W1 en 1 r,,l marrh'J ah ,-g't),. d.-s.rt Imid, 
I la/ (■ ■hrough ihei-.i^htonl9i)cl, wilds afar, 
Art! t<l(. he p^h- aiii vei'-ssitiflg s:ar : 
Jo ! hrai'n'ly Genius, in^hy a-),r,se divine, 
H ].e u thy star, her light is evfir.nltins.'? 


To thee, O gentle, alooe 

Is owing all ourjjeace — 
By thee our joys are lieighten'd shown, 

By thee our sorro>v5ccas«. 

The nymph whose hand by fraud or force 

Soine t\ rant has possess'd. 
By ,thee obtaining a divorce, 

Ijiherown choice is blest. 

OU ! stay, Aspasiabids thee stay. 

The sadly-weeping fair 
Conjures thee not to lose in day. 

The object of her care J . 

To grasp whose pleasing form she sought! 

That motion thac'd her sleep i. i 

Thus by ourselves aro of ^'nesc wriught 

The griefs for which we weep. 

A poi:m. 

TramUxteiJr^n the original Irish. 

The parting sun-beam dances upon the smooth surface 
of the water, dariit.g hi:_ lengthr.,ed ravs through the 
thick filiage, whtr^ the gemle Zephynis sijjhs th.e 
quivering leaves of the tall poplar, iuvi'iogthee, my Amia, 
to partake of its shade — the humble v ilbiv weeps thy ab- 
sei'ce, and the wren droopsherwings m ocrrow, auJ (hrUls 
no more the soft notes of delight, unless enliyencd b/ thy 
presence. ' ■ * ' 

And wilt thou not come, tny Anna, as thou were wont, 
and with thy smiles give new life to the fading Howers of 
the garden foot; where the soft grass n-.vltes thy step, and 
the daisy springs to kiss thy f-'et. 

Coirie, my Anna, thou charm if my heart: come, that 
I may press thy beairies to the bosom of love : Come, 
that I inay view the soft expression of delight that glows 
in the ir:ihlress of tiiy blue eyes. 

The sun has withdrawn his beauties from me, and hid 
his glory bifvond the wood-clothed tUinriiics of the western 
liills i yet a last ray tinges the Hcccv cloud with red, and 
prolongs awhile the existence of dny. 

Where art thou my Anna ! Hearest hot thou 'he ac- 
cen's of love swell along the vale ? Hearest thru' not the 
sigh of sHspence Hoat on the wings of the wind! Oh ! 
come and sooth iny woes with thy smiles, and beguile 
the passing hour with the song of love, whilst surround- 
ing ni'ure, charmed with thy liarnaony, responsive echo — 
re-echoes sweet syirtphotiy. , . ' '' 

Thou ccmcst, my Aivna, sweet tomy sotil'as wild ho- 
ney to the taste of infancy ;— welcome to my sight as the 
hospliable fire-side to the ccld, wearv, and benighted tra- 
veller. - -. . 

Thou coiTiest, my Anna, love dancing in thine eye, and 
pleasure budded with impatience, beiiining on thychuntc- 
raiicc — AtTT why, my Anna, didst thou stay ! Come to 
my arms, thou child of innocence and virtue — bestow on 
me the guardianship of thy purity and never leay.e^ rue 
more — wl-.en sleep Aveighs heavy on my .\)ina'st:ve'.lJds, 
recline thine head on iny eitrapiur'db^srm ;— I w 11 watch 
thy slumbers as the tender inoth^r watchcth her voung — 
and wlieu thou wakest, my Anna, these arins shall shield 
thee from the rough wind. 

THERE is something irresistably pleasing in the con- 
versation of a fine v^-otnan ; even tliough her tongue be si- 
lent, the eIoquei>ce of hercyes teaches wisdom. Themind 
syinpa'hises with the regularify of the object in view, and, 
struck with external grace, vibrates into respondent har- 

which Naomi expresses 
of Scrijiture, •• Whithc 



(continued ) 
" After a scene which can be better imagined than des- 
cribed, Mr. Herbert and his daughter retired to a hain- 
let in the neighbourho'otl, v,-here the English ol^ccr, Ca]ir. 
F— — . when he went tovi'jit <heni •^he ne-,-t dav, found 
Sojdiia sitting b» her farter's b-dsido, whoin fangite of 
body, joined to the most vehement etnotions of mind, had 
thrown into a fever. His pulse throbbed violently, and 
his soul seemed bursting wi'h indigrtatioft and' despair. 
Sophia's countenance was pah, and he'r loo'ks spoke the 
ooM-.plaints to which her lips refused utterance. Soon 
af-erCapt.F — 'reached the cottage, a peasant led into 
the room an old man near eighty years of age- ;' Avho was 
a.vEnJrfthmon, that had giine to .America in his yomh, 
as -ite servant of Mr. .Herbert's ;father, and now passed 
h's declining years under the protection of the son. This 
old man had crawled to the town the preceding night, in 
searcli of his mas'er. andhadbeen seen sitting under the 
shelter of a barn, by an American countrvmin who kfitw 
him,. and led him to the cottage. Sophia (lew .with ea- 
,t:e-ne':s to mee' him : site had been taught to reverence 
himinfanrv. and, more advanced years h'"' confirmed 
'he habit cfchildjiood into a sentiment of the soul. Ho- 
belt luul^erv^dliergraixifather with a, ■unplicity of af- 

fection, and a pride of integrity, which claimed the «ann- 
est returns of gratitude. I his valuable domestic had SAt 
t sentiment of s-eiifast fidelity 
;o Kuih,inthe beaunfuUknguage 
thou gocst I wil! go, and where 
thoul.cgest I will ledge ; thy people shall be my peoi.le, 
and thy U d shall be my God ; where thou d'sest w'l J I 
die and there will 1 be buried. The Lord do so to m«, 
and more also, if aught but death part thee and me." 

"..Sophia took the old man's arm from the countrv- 
man^^", Robert," said she, - I hope you are not imich- 
hurt. "Ah, Miss Sophy," said he, shaking- his head, : 
" no.mitter, since, ycu are safe, and mv master." " Ro- 
b-rt!' said Mr. Herbert; but his voice seemed clioaked, 
and he did not attempt to, proceed. I see vou are ill. 
S:r." rej lied tf.e'old man, " and no wonder.'' Poor Mr!' 
Charles— U.ved him bice my own child, and he wa». 
pleasealtoletmccall hi-n so ; but the dear youth is now"' 
— A Hoodot tears bedeweitthe old man's checks j lie wip-' 
cd them away witii his whi.e locks -. Ah, Robert," salcT 
Sophia, " you wdl kill us if you talk so." - I'll say.,,,, 
.iiore answered he, " thoujjh, if it had pleased Heaven^ 
to takeapoorplomaii, and spare him"—" Si- down, and- 
compose y<-,urs£lt'," said Sophia. The ollicer assis-ed in- 
placpio h.m atthe foot of his .riaster's bed. Mr. Herbert 
ttxed hise;.-cs upon bin.., with a gloomy look, in which, 
despair waspain.ed. -- I a-.ii a g.wd deal bru-sed." 
the old man. " J-fo\v wore yofi ' ' ' ' " ' *^ 
Mr. Herbert. •> Last nij-ht. Sir. 

sieai oruiseu, : 
sed, RoKrlT* ; 

,, , ,, <,.--, when I found yon were, 

all three gone, what, thought I, .sh-.dd I stav for here fi 
It any haiTYi happens to them,' thought I," I sf all have no,^ 
thin.g more tolive fcr ; so I cratvled c.-., and rcachcil the 
lilace where poor Mr. Charles-^' Here the old man 
-paused a moment. " I kissed his poor corpF-c, Sir, ■ana 
spoke to it, as if itcould answer me, and then when tlie 
names came near, I draygcd it awav as well as Icould; 
but my strength failed i,:e, and I fell against some stonis. bruised me a good deal., So 1 lay all night by mvt 
poor young masters's side ; and wh^u ir grew light, atij 
ihey came to bury the dead, I his cold hand, and 
went a little way off: but' I saw wTiere thev laid histi; I 
shall know the spot if the grass jZwirf./grow'over it."" ' 

" Capt. F wetitup to 'Roh'.tt, av:d begged he 

would sayroiTlore: Ktbert answered, " I have done. 
Sir; he's in his grave ; but If youhadknrwn him. Sir, so 
kind-hearted and so hiufible he was :— He has of en made 
ruc lay hold of his arm, andlcil me to v.iy v/ic!>er seat at 
the endortlje garden. Sit down, R-bs.-t. hc-»vould, sa-.', 
and bask a little in the sun, it wi!l do you g.-od : but V's 
all over now. Yes, Sir," turning to his, •■ they 
have destroyed every thing— the shrubbery is allctttAaw.!, 
and'trrti topieces. exce'pt a branch here and there; tW 
is blov.n by the wind ; it woi.U have bri!te your iieart to 
see it."' 

" Mr. Herbert's fever increased, and, for some days," 
his life was in danger. Captai.- F brought the sur- 
geon of his regiment to v'ait him, and witf.essri, in hi« 
0\V'A fi'eqi-.ent visits to the cottage, the flial ;::er.- of So- 
phia, who watched day and iii rht by the bod-siie of her 
father, attended him with iir.rcr.iittiiig tenderness, a:.d at 
lengtli iiad the consolation t.f see'mg his health restoi-e.l. 
" You will not w-ondcr. Sir, that 'hose distresses which 
t-enderedSophia'sbeauty move touching. andscrwe*l to'dis- 
Ijlay the virtues of her heart, soon converted Captaih 

F : 'spiv into the of passion. Nor was 

Sophia insensi'ole to the itisrit of her geiierotts lover. Ai- 

though Mr. Herbert lamented that Cap.ain F was 

•an Englishman, he did notsulfer political piTJudice to sub- 
due those sentiments of esteem and gratituite which the 
conduct of that yptlijg man liail nobly merited, and con- 

sf ntcd that his daughter should mar.-y Captain F 

at the e.-id of the summer campaign. Mean time he tftn- 
dusted her to th-s village, which he knew our ear. 
ly friendship wouldrender an agrt:eablc situa,tiou to h.*r, 
while she waited the events of t'ne sumiiiK-.- B.-fore .Mn 
Herl>ert set out for this place, he weafv attended by- So- 
phia, to take a last look of .his jtossessioits. Wiien S>- 
phia liad described to me the melancholy pictore they pre- 
sented, she added these word-,—,-" I could bear to gx^e urn 
o:i the ruins of that one: happy d, veiling, did I cmsiilfr 
them merely as the relia of kit tut i: was the 
scene of all my pleasures ! this is what aiii.c s me. Had 
the same ties, the tiame soothing lecoUec ions, endearci 
the sheUer of a cottage, the straw that tha'ched its rtKif 
woulflhave been sacred, and ctdied forth my aStctions tti 
forcibly as the mansion which is laid in ous*. Paisir.g 
by the side of that sinall stream which runs near the b-*!- 
tomofthe lawn, I saw some of the sticks with wivich nky 
father had limself formed niy latirel bower, tu!ceQ away 
by the ctirrsnt. They floated on the si:rfacc of the wateri 
I looked after them wl*ha vehement sensa'ion, wbic'o {I 
almost tremble to recall. When I turned, I spijd .some 
scattered brandies of the" laurel, which he h-jd tivis-ed 
round those very sticks, witherin.g o."* the gyund: i 
snatched vhem up instantly, bached thetn with ins- 'ears* 
and have preserved them till titer last leaf is wi hered " 

[to Itit CONCLtTDED 1:7 OUR NEXT.] 







mcHMOtm —ru E s D A r. September 25, 1804. 




l.t.— " The Misery a" will be neatly printed, 
weekly, on a liilf-shect Super-Royal paper. 

2<1.— The terms are two dollars per annum to 
l)c paid in advance. 

3d.— A handsome title-page and table of contents 
nil he furnished (grati>) at the completion of each 


THE good husband is one, who, wedded not by inte- 
rest but by choice, is constant as well from inchnaucn as 
front principle ; he trea's his wife with delicacy as a wo- 
man with tenderness as a friend : he attributes her follies 
to her weakness, her imprudence toli,;r inadvertency : he 
passes then, over therefore with good-nature, and pardons 
them with indulgence ; all his care and industry are em- 
ployed for her welfare ; all his strength and jiower aro 
exerted for her support and protection ; he is iin re anxi- 
ous 10 preserve his own character and reputation, be- 
cause hers is blended with it. 


JULIUS SABINUS, having engaged the interest of 
the Ciuls, caused himself to be proclaimed emperor of 
Rome ; bu- bei ig defeated, he Hed to his coun'ry house, 
and set it on fire, in order to raise a report that he had fe- 
rishcd. This scheme answered his end, far he was there 
betievcd to have suffered a voluntary delrh. But, in the 
mean time, he lav concealed with his treasures (for he 
--...Um,ne*selj tkh) in a cava which he had ca.iKd to be 
dugina soi;;,trv place, and which was known only to two 
of his freed-men, upon jvhose fidelity he could depend. 
Hemighteasilv have withdrawn into Germany; but he 
could nut prevail on himself to abandon his wife, whom 
hepasoionatel'.- loved. Sabinus, that no one might doubt 
cf his death, tiid not for some time, even undeceive his 
wife, who 5olemni/.cd his exeijuies with great pomp, be- 
wailed liim with many tears, and at last, no longer al)le 
to bear the loss of a husband for whom she had the sin- 
cerest affecion, resolved not to outlive him, and began to 
abstain from all food. This news alarmed Sabinus ; 
therefore, bv means of Marlialis, one of his freed-men, 
he informed her that he was still alive, and acquainted 
her with the jilace where he lay concealed, desiring her at 
the saiTie time to si;ppress her joy, lest the secret might 
Ihence be betr;i.)ed. Einpona heard the relation with in- 
expressible pleasure, and pretending business in the coun- 
try, fl;w to her husband. The cave to her then pre- 
ferable to a palace, for there only she r. 3 s happy. She 
went ficquenily to see him, and sometimes contrived to 
stav whole weeks unsu';]iec'-c(i. When at Rome she con- 
tinued to bews'l him as dead.and conccaledthe wKoIe with 
exemplary fidelity and wonderful address ; nay, she fou'.id 
means to convey him into the city, upon what motive I 
know not j and from thence back to his cave, so well dis- 
guised tha he was by no one known. But after he liad 
Jiassed nine years in this manner, he was at length disco- 
vered by some persons who narrowly watched his wife, 
ujion her freqtiently absenting herstjlf from her own house, 
and fcllowed her to the cave without being tliscovcred, 
Sabinus was immediately seized, and sent to Rome loaded 
with chains, together with his wife, who throwing herself 
at the emperor's feet, and preicnting to him her two ten- 
der infants, endeavoured with her tears and iijtreaties to 
move him to compassion. Vespasion, the emperor, could 
not help weeping at so affecting an object ; nevertheless, 
lie condemned both her and her husband, and caused 
them soon after to be executed. 

C.W'AnES.king of the Persians, being deposed and 
imprisoned by his subj-cts, his queen, who alone remained 
a'lached to him in all his misforiunes, never failed to 
bring him necessaries with her own hands, though she 
V as not permitted to see him. Observing the keeper of 
the casile enamoured with her beauty, she so effectuiUy 
»->othed his passion as to gain access to her husband. 
and thereby procured his enlargement ; for staying, as she 
of;en did, late in the evening, she dressed the king in her 
own cloatlis, in wlucli he went out undiscovered till Ca- 
vadcs had time enough to make his escape. He flc*lo 
the king of the Eu liaViics, by whose assistance he was re- 
stored 10 Inn throne and kingdom. 



[^Continued from pagf 2.] 

SINCE the names of La Natml/e Helahc, and of St. 
Pmix, have been licre mentioned, one is naturally tempt- 
ed to add, without meaning any insinuation adverse to the 
idea of the originality of Mr. Mackeniie'sgenius, that the 
cliaracter and adventures of Harlcy have been said to 
be imitated from those of the liero of Rousseau's novel, 
wi'h a freedom and deviation, indeed, which aln^ost ere- 
ale an original, yet with a resemblance sufncient to indi- 
cate v,' hat model the writer had in his- eye. Harley is St. 
Preux in all but the fire of genius SMl^of passion. Instead 
of the glowing sensuality of the hero of- the French novel, 
he is refined to a sainted or angel purity of soul. He rea- 
sons little ; he needs not to be guiiled by the C')ld precepts 
of reason ; he has moral sensibility to keep him aver ami- 
ably in the right; but then, his moral sensibility is alive 
even to a degree of morbid delicacy and tremulous feeble- 
ness. His adventures arc such as tend to shew his cha- 
racter in aljthe lights necessary to make us see it fully & 
distinctively. ..He is educated in retirement : he comes to 
town, and tUere visits some remarkable scenes, and lias a 
part in some striking incidents; he renrnsio the country, 
and al\er languishing a while in love whiclt he dares no-. 
tell, expires in a joy too great not to overpower his feeble- 
ness, at the verv moment when he learns that his l',vc 
w( uld not be unrcturned. All the imagery and inci.le.its 
of the piece accord with the cast and spirit of the princi- 
pal character. They are delicately tender ; and they are 
adapted to touch the springs of tenderness in the heart. 
Tlie author delights in the detail of minute imagery ; ant' 
he knows how to make that exquisitely interesting whicli 
would be, in other hands, trivial insipid. In a work 
with such l>ea'itics, one forge** all iif verify .of i4K*^rven- ::' 
regard of style. But, the style ef the iW.w of Fetlii:g might 
defy such severity. It is pure, more pure indeed from Scot, 
iclsms than from .Gallicisms, sweet, and elegant with 
dignity, but witiiout pomp. 

The amhor's name remained, for a time, unknown be 
yond the circle of his private friends. But, in England as 
in Sct)tland, it was thought, that he iniist, certainly, lie 
the most amiable of men ; and the ladies in particular, 
were anxiously desirous to learn — tvlio in the world it 
migh* be ! ."i Mr. Eccles, a young Irish clergyman, be- 
came, amidst these circunistances, ambitious to usurp the 
praise of it. For some purpose, v/hetherof love, of inte- 
rest, or of i«ere vanity, he was, it seems, capable of tal;- 
ing the])ains to transcribe the whole work,--and even of 
marking his manuscript witli erasures and interlineations, 
to give it an air of being that copy, in whicli the author had 
v;rougUtthe last polish on his piece, before tr.anscribi ng it 
for tiie press. The manuscript was fmind among thatgen- 
tloman's papers, after hic.dea'h ; and liad, for a time, the 
cfiect to excite among persons, who were not better in- 
formed, the persuasion for wiiich he seems to have inten- 
ded it. 

The success with which the Man of Feeling had been 
published, encouraged its real author to give, within no 
long time after, to the world, a poem, under the title of 
Pleasures of Happiness, «hich the writer of this memoir 
has not happened to read, but which, though not often re- 
printed, has been much comtnended by persons well able 
to judge of its merits. 

In the Man of tbeWorlilyir. Mackenzie next produced 
a sort of second part to -he Man of Feeling. It bre.ithes 
the same tone of exquisite moral delicacy, and of refined 
sensibility. In his farmer fiction, tlie author had imagin- 
ed a hero who found all the pleasures and all the pains of 
his life, with all the amiable peculiarities of character, in 
constant obedience to every emotion of his moral sense : 
In the Man nfthe World he exhibited, on the contrary, a 
person rushing headlong to misery and ruin, and, sjiread- 
ing misery allaround him, bypursuinga liappiness which 
he expected to obtain, in defiance of the moral sense. 
What other system of moral phyloso|ihy had ever the ad- 
vantage of illustrations so elegant, as these volumes af- 
ford of that of Hutcheson, and his ])upil, Smith .' It was 
not ungraciously received by the public i yet not altogether 
with that'siasm of delight and admiration which the 
Man of Feeling liad commanded. Tlie Man of the World 
was but the common character of a, person sacrificing all 
better consi'\erations to the headlong pursuit of selfish and 
sensual r/ujjure. This character had been often before 
dva-.vri, 'and often with a bolUi;r hand, wuh~happier dex- 
tenty, with deeper skill. 

Heprtduced a tragedy, under tlie title of the Prince rf 
Tunis, which was acted at the Edinburgh Theatre. Tlie 
reprerentation was repeated with applause for six nights. 
Mrs. Yates, then at Edinburgh, appeared in the principal 
female chai-act-^r. It has never been performed at any of 
the theatres in London. 

In the year 1776, Mr. Mackenzie married Miss fcnuel 
Grant, sister to Sir James Grant, of Grant. 

'Some years after, he and a few of liis friends, who us* 
ed to meet rccasicnally, for con\ ivial conversation at a 
Tavern kept by one Ba)ll, a Frenchman, projected the 
publication of a series cf papers similar to the Specta'or^- 
on morals^nnanners, taste. Si literature. Tliey were iinltcfl 
in a club, which hadthe^name of the Tabernacle, and v/ere 
all, cr almost all, lawyers. Mr. Mackenzie was at the^ 
head of the project. Mr. CraiiJ, Mr. Cullen, Mr. Banna- 
tyne Macleod, now judges in the supreme c;-urts rf Scot- 
land, the late Mr. Abtrcmmbie who died a Jidje, Mr. 
Solicitor-general Blair, and Mr. George Home, clerk of 
session, agreed to become his coadjutors. The pat,"-rs 
were to be published in weekly numbers ; and in allusion 
to the representations which they were to exhibi: rf hu-i 
man life, sentiments, and manners, it was settled to give 
thein the common title of The Mirror. 

This scheme was carried into effect. The papers were 
ptiblishcd in weekly numbers, each filling a sheet in ftdiA. 
The succession was continued for* inore than two years.. 
The price of a single copy of each number was three pence. 
About three or four hiindreil only were sold, in single pa- 
pers ; but this sale, though inconsiderable, served at least 
to make the v^Kolevcry advantageously known'. The suc- 
cession of the numbers was no sooner closed, than the 
whole v.'cre republished in three duodecimo volumes. I.i 
England, especially, tlicyv'ero- now read with great ap- 
; huse. The approbation thtfy received in London, v/liich 
1'^x such a species of compositions iiiiiartictilar, is the very 
Vthens of modern Eurcpe, seemed, to stamp an authori.y 
.in the praises of those by whom they were crmniended in 
Scotland, sufficient to put all censure to .silence. A.s th : 
aulhi^is fiiingledin the iiigiicii cirilics of iashiovaiuc ;.i'd 
literary life, they wantetl not opportunity, while their 
names remained unknown, to promote the reputati.-ni of 
their work, by many little artifices, which, though pei4ect- 
iv honorable and disingenuous — for, of noneelse was any 
of them capable — could not have been equall;. used, if they 
bad from the .first, openly avowed it to be theirs. Tiie/ 
had the discretion to hide their names from being at all 
mentioned in relation to it, till its success was complete \ 
indth^;n,lhe appropriation of the diflerent papers, in a 
new edition, to those by whom they have been respect've- 
ly written, served but to renew and augment the public 
curiosity respecting the whtjle. They took money for the 
copy-right ; out of which they, first, bestowed an hun- 
dreii pounds in cliarity to the Orphan Hospital ; and with 
the rest, purchased an hogshead of claret for the use of the 

[ To be concluded in our ;rexf .] 

Mrs. R A U C L I F F E. 

THIS lady's novels have a bewitching interest. Tbe 
power of painting the terrible and the mysterious is hcr's 
in an eminent degree ; but her sketches of landscape, 
th:'iVgli always indicatinga skilful painter, aretocnume- 
r.nis andnfinute. They may be called the tr.iniature pic- 
ture of nature. Whether in the vales of Arno, or amor.g 
the craggs of the Appcnnines, unsatisfied with general rle- 
scr-pti-^n, she chooses to note every spire of grass, ai'd e- 
very shrub of the rocks. In the labyrinthian scenes rf lier 
cas les and her forests, the attemive critic ma^ disctrr a, 
degree of iiiiesse and stage trick, which often re',ieaterl,' 
oflends, ratlier than surprises. When curiosity pants to 
tliscover the secrets of a desolate chamber, or a ruinated 
tibtiey, soinW, perhaps many, impediments may be judicii 
ously thrown in Fancy's way. But the rusty and bloody 
key, the glimpse of faneietl appnritions, the per] lexcd 
path and the impracticable stair-case occur so of eti in 
Mrs. Radcliff's midnight rantbles, tha' they soon 1 .ose 
their power of deception. But let pruiting critic'.sjn lop 
what it may, the laurels of this ladv cann-;' be injuted. 
Her style i)Uie, harmonious and forcible, might b-i atno- 
del, even to masculine writers. In the e\l»tbi*ion of the 
nicer, and less obvious shades of character, she lias Cft.jht 
the strength and the spirit of Tacitus St SnAKESV^AftEi 
The family of La Luc is an enchanting gi-up, n't liiSt 
ai{reeab e Irom its resemblance to the La Roche "f ^.<.«ti 
kenzie ; a.'d the fierceness of Mmioni, and the fear» lA 
Emily St. Aubert, are aduiirably tuatrasled. 



For 1804. 



BV printintj the enclosed piece in your next " Miner- 
va," you will oblige many of your female subscribers, aad 
among others, 

Vour obedient 'Servant, 


[T'.>e piece nthded to by aw f air correspondent^ taat publUbed 
jOJ«f lime tince, in " The Enquirer," under tie title of 
" Rainbow No. 2, on the condition of women." 
The elegant tinpticity of style viitb vibich this Kttay it 
viritten, certainly entitles it to the eaarmiums vibich it hat 
already reeeived — Tbis gallant -writer, in our opinion, de- 
eervesjrotn the fair sex, tl'e honorary title nf their Lilera- 
r/ Champion,] 

IThar, been .saifl that the civili/ation o f a country imay 
be fairly esliiiiated by th'^; degree of res]>ect which is paid 
to iis woini-Ti. Thcsciuiiiieiii is notmore gallant 'ban it 
is just. I^s truth has been demonstrated by Messieurs A- 
Ic.vandci', Thuiiias, Russell, and various other writers; 
who, f'T this purjlose, have resorted, not to any abstracted 
enquirie.t into the characters of the sexes; but to a direct 
ajij^al to the experience of nations. They l;ayc shewn, by 
a curitus and most intties-ing ii,v«;slig-ation, that fron, the 
beniglitcd and sensual savage ol" New-Zealand, or of Noot- 
ka Sound, through every gradation, iij) tothe jjolishedgffn- 
tleman of Europe or America, the deference and venerati- 
on for \\\c- feinale part of society is exactly in proportion 
to the decree of refineineni which each nation has atiain- 
eil. In a national point of view, Virginia need not shrink 
from this test of her refinement. In ev'ftry social circle in 
which the se\es are blended, we may observe a sanctity as 
w?Il as a tenderness of attention to tlie fair, which would 
not disgrace a knight in the jiruudest days of chivalry. 
But the moralist, wlio aims at the culture of the virtues. 
V ii! direct hisatientiminot so much to tlie manners of the 
dra>ving-room, as to those which may be observed in still 
more private life. He will I )ok through the ceremonies 
which men may act deference to their company, and 
by which, indeed, they recognize and bow obedience to the 
sentiment above cxjiressed ; he will look through these 
b'i-^d^ '.f s:ate, into the bosom of the private famll)-, and 
watch the m inners of the husband and the father when 
every restraint is removed. It will be bv the. discoveries 
v'-i- \\ he .h-Ul niake here, that he will direct his admoni- 
tion . ; a.ul on this ground, I fear thatthe moralist, notof 
Virginia only, but of .til those states which boast of their 
reiiin'mon'., will find too much room for censure and ad- 

\\';'.at is trtie of nations, inthiscase, is, I presume, equal- 
ly true of inilividuals ; or in other words, the civilization 
of the mm, like that of the nation, m;iy be fairly estimat- 
ed b/ the degree of respect which he pays to the fair. 
When I speak of civilization, 1 do not mean science; 
since we have sometimes seen a very highly illuminated 
mind, connected with a cohl, a malignant, or a feiocious 
heart ; but by civilization, I mean, that change which is 
wrought upon tlie savage man by the huinanizing, anften- 
in^, refining power of social virtue. Neither, by respect to 
thefar do 1 mean ilic bows and grimace of a petit inititre,'i a monkey might learn ; nor the still more imposing 
€x-.erior of elegance and sensibili'y which a Zeluco could as- 
sume ; but, by rcspMt to the fair, I mean a genuine and 
tent'.cr delerence, which lias not merely glancetl upon the 
san'ace, but penetrated and pervaded every portion of the 
he?rt ; 1 mean not an occasional shew, but a sincere, a pe- 
rennial, an h.ibitual re.|'ect and affection, which renders a 
man involuntarily assidiit-iis to the wants, and sym'pathetic 
with the minutest sufferings of the softer and gentler sex. 
With these explanations I resame my position, and I beg 
my loale reader to assure himself whatever figure he 
may make in other respects ; liowever brilliantly he may 
shi'.ie as a manof erudition, genius, wit, or humour, he is, 
Hv-vtrtl'.ck-iS. civilized or not, in proportion as he haslearn- 
cd to resjject the fait : and more particularly that portion 
of them whose protection he n^ay have assuined. 

It is a f..niirnful tru'h that the life of tlje linest girl a- 
tnong us, is too ofien a series of sulVering and of sorro\^ 
Too many of them pass on to death, without having once 
found rhe " suiniy slope" of tranquility, on which they 
could repose and ticclare themselves, forainoment, atease. 
Their suflerings begin often with life. The restraints of 
their chldhood even when they are salutary, a* sources of 
trouble; because their motive is not yet perceived by the 
young and inexperienced mind. But not unfrequentjy tlie 
restraints t>f childhood instead of being promj)ied by iia- 
renial wisdom and tenderness, arc the momentary dicta es 
of lie, idl,)ng passion and bru'aleruelry. Tl^istyrannv com- 
jnenced in their childhood, is extended even to their ma- 
^ur^r years ; audit becomes the more severe as it is then 
iiiHiced on a mind rajiable of estimating its wrongs, and 
of'Cn exerted on those scnsibiUiiesof the heart which can 
l( a-i- brock the curb and lash of auihinity. Marriage itself 
is, to ' f n.juen-.l- , little more than a change of t) rants ; 
and the idol tf the sighing and adoring 1 vcr, dwindlci 
down into ilie neglcc-cd. oppre'.ied, insuUet' drudge of an 
unprincipled and proftigatc husband. If tlie poor, lonely 
piutimcr, gives birth to sons ; the Isolds on with letiiorse 

to the time when they, in their turn, armed with the au- 
thority of a husband, shall " play such fantastic tricks be- 
fore high Heaven, as will mnke even angels wee),"; if she 
gives birthto daughters — h would not beft subject of great 
wonder, if, like the miserable mothers on the banks of the 
Oroonoko. she should slay them, out of compassion, and 
smother them in the hour nf their birth, — How many wo- 
men have here theirhistory skeithed! Look closely into 
tile domestic movements of our people, and >ou will iind 
that this sombre picture has too many originals. I am 
not accusing parents or husbtmds with the practice of sa- 
vage virlence on their daughters or their wives : to a ge- 
nerous woman there are iiiany wrongs infinitely morelin- 
miliating and agonizing than the infliction of actual vi- 

The destiny of poor Maaia difl'ered in some respects 
from the preceding sketch. Maria was among the f;*:rest 
and sweetest girls that 1 have ever known. If the love of 
the fondest and best of parents — if the most enchanting 
grace and beauty — if the pure sjiirit and disposition of a 
seraph could have saved her from misery, Maria had been 
saved. My heart bleeds at the recollection of her. But 
let me try to command myself while I tell this tale ofj.iy 
turned into sorrow ; of the fairest hopes reversed and 
blasted — of the brightest lustre and beauty extinguished 

Her parents were not rich ; but they were good. Al- 
though they hatUived much in the world, they retained a 
simplicity of character which is now rarely encountered 
except in the description of poets, Theirbenevolent breasts 
were fraught with a tenderness of feeling whose luxury is 
known only to the poor and humble. The rich and the 
prosj>evous know it only by name. Their simplicity, their 
benevolence, their sensibility were concentered in the bo- 
soin of the > oung Maria — They gave an emphasis to her 
opening beauty — sullused her cheek with a richer hue — 
and rode, in triumph, on the beams of her eyes, through 
the heart of every beh. Ider. 1 remember Maria at her 
first api)ear.ince in the ball-room. She was then about 
fourteen years of age. The enqury ran— —'« what rose- 
bud of beauty is this ?" The epithet was applied with 
])eculiar propriety : h depicted in one word, her youtli, her 
beauty, her innocence and sweetness. She danced; when 
light and etherial as a sylph, she surpassed whatever we 
have read of the wild, the striking, the captivating graces 
displayed by the runil beauties on theflowery side of j€tna. 
It was easy to read in the countenance of this gaj' and art- 
less young creature tlie exalting expectations with which 
she was entering on life. Her childhood had passed away 
amid the blandishments and caresses of her food [jarcnts ; 
all had been ease, indulgence, and gratification ; admired, 
ajiplauded and beloved by every body who saw or knew 
her, every day, every hour, every minute had been filled 
with animation, joy and rapture. As yet she' had frolick- 
ed only on " life's velvet lawn," covered with a caiiop) of 
hlooniingamaranth ; and her young fancy was teemitig 
with visions oi bliss in bright and boundless prospect. A- 
las ! poor Maria ! How soon was this serene and joyous 
lliorning overcast ! A lover presented himself. Like Maria, 
he wl:s in the bloom of youth, and had every advantage 
of person and address ; but his breast was not, like Maria's, 
the residence tf pure and exttlted virtue. He lovetl her in- 
dectl ; or rather, he was infatuated by her beauty ; but he 
was incajiable oi forming a correct estimate of the treasure 
which was lodged in her bosom ; of that heart, whose pu- 
rit) , delicacy, fidelity, generosity and sensibility, an angel 
might have avowed without a blush. The dupe, however, 
of fervent and pathetic professions she accepted this man ; 
and Maria, wlio was formed to crown the hapjiiness of a 
sensilile and virtuous man, became the miserable wife of 
a weak and vicious one. Merciful God ! Must I remem- 
ber the contrast which I so often witnessed in agony ! 
Poor Maria ! Her velvet lawn was exchanged for a wil- 
derness of briars and brambles: her amaranthine canopy 
for the keen and ctuting blasts of a winter's sky, I have 
seen Maria in the thronged assembly-room when every 
eye was fixed upon her with delight, and followed her in 
speechless admiration thro' the mazes of the graceful 
dance ; and I have seen the same Maria far removed from 
the world's society, and, even yet in the bloom of youth, 
all lonely and drooping like a wounded flower, I have 
seen the lovely girl, presiding, like a bright, propitious pla- 
net, at her father's hospitable board ^ and I have seen her 
the solitary ;ind menialdrudgeof herown gloomy and for- 
saken household. I have beheld her the anhnating soul of 
the polished circle, dispensing light and life by her smiles 
— and my own soul has sunk within me, to see her insu- 
lated from theworld, tind pierced and languishing under 
the neglect ofheron^e ardent and assidious husband. She 
had seen the time when every transitory dejection of coun- 
tenance had been wa'chedby him, its cause sedulously ex- 
plored, and consolation administered wiih a tenderness 
which could not fail of its effect. But now, without a 
single enquiry, without one touch of pity, he could see her 
face pale with sorrow, and her once radiant eyes dim with 
weeping. At such a moment, instead of bending before 
her as he had once done, and pressing her hand to his 
sympathetic heart, he could cast on her a look so cold and 
chilling as to freeze the vital stream of life even in its 
fountain, fling out of his house with contempt and disgust, 
and lavish on thevicious and impure those afTictionate at- 
ten'ions which hehad solemnly vowed to her alone. He 
niiglu have been happy ; and he might have i-eallzed to 
his beauteous wife all tliosedreams of conjugal inncccnce 
and bliss with which her youthful fancy was wont to Re- 
gale her. Bui,iusteaU of these pure and calm joys, whosi? 

recollection might have gilded even the moment of death, 
he chose riot, debauchery and ^-uilt : to hi s own virtuous 
and celestial bed, he preferred habitual impuritv and pros- 
titution ; and instead of the per|,e>ual spring which she 
had fondly anticipated, po or Maria experienced only per- 
petual winter. The blast was too keen for her tender 
frame. She is gone ; and with her sister angels, she has 
found that 1 eacc which her unfeeling husband refused t.o 
heron earth. Her death stunntd him into his senses. In 
vain he endeavoured to recall her fleeting breath ; in vain 
he promised and vowed if she could be restored to him, to 
atone for his past neglect by future tenderness. To liim 
the resolution nf amendment came too late ; may it 
come iiijtime to a portion of my readers. 


In England large fields of turnips are annually sown for 
the support of cattle during the two last months in the 
year, which produce is e-teemed .as highly beneficial to the 
larnrer ; but very frequently, and particularly in drv sea- 
sons, they are destroyed by an insect which is there 'called 
the Fly. An experienccil and respectable farmer some 
years ago, advertised jn the public prints, that if a sub- 
scnptton was raised to the amount of I think 500 guineas 
(to be deposited in the hands of a banker and left to a 
coinmittee to determine whether he was entitled to the 
premium) he would i.ublish a certain rem.edy against these 
destructive insects ; the subscription was soon made on 
lie conditions jiroposed, and accordingly the farmer pub- 
lished to the world in substance as follows : " The tur- 
nip is desroyed by the fly shortly after it appears ib .ve' 
.groiind ; the plant in that state will bear the pressure of 
the toot or any other smooth substance, and raise itself a- 
.gain. This insect is destructive only in the night season, 
.uul is so tender in its nature, that the least touch puts an 
end to us existence ; I therefore recommend that you lake 
the shoes from your horse, and put hi.n to a large wooden 
roft-r, and go carefttlly over your field of turnips M vvd. 
mgh : 1 his m all probability will secure von a crop and 
thus amply compensate for your labor."— This simple re- 
medy was received with astonishment, and immedii'cly 
piit in practice by thousands, who on experiencing its good 
ehects, reported favorably to the committee, and^ the pre- 
mium was adjudged to be justly due to the inventor. 


When Dr. Percy first published his collection of ancient 
English Ballads, jjerhaps he was too lavish in commen- 
dation of the beautiful s mplicity and poetic merit he sup- 
posed himself to discover in them. This circumstance 
jirovoked Johnson to observe to him one evening at Miss 
Reynold's tea table, that he could rhyme as well, and as 
elegantly, in common narrative and conversation. Forin- 
stance, says he, 

As with my hat upon my head 

I -Wiili'd along the strjnd, 
I there did lueet another tnan 

With his hat in his hand. 

Or, to render such poetry subservient to my own immedi- 
ate use, 

I therefore pray thee, Benny dear. 

That thou wilt give to me, 
With cream, and sugar siftcn^d we//. 

Another dish of tea. 
Norfear that I my gentle niaid^ 

Shall long detain the cup. 
When once unto the bottom I 

ILne drank the liquor up. 
Yet hear, alas / this mournful truth, 

Nor hear it mith afrovin ; — 
That thou canst not make the tea so fast 

As I can gulp it doiun. 

And thus he proceeded through several more stanzas, 
till the reverend critic cried out for quarter. 


If the opinion of JB a con be thought to deserve mufh re- 
gard, very few sighs would be vented for eminent and su- 
perlative elegance of form. •' For b?antiful women (says 
he) are seldom of any great accomplishments, because 
they, for the most part, study behaviour rather than 
y r ue." 

We recommend the care of their nobler part to women, 
and tell them how little addition is made, by all their 
arts, to the graces of the mind. Cut when was it known 
tliat female goodness or knowledge was able to attract 
that ofliciousness, or inspire that ardour, which beauty pro- 
duces whenever it appears I ^ 

Singular party. — Francis Sheppard Esq. of Kinbu- 

ry,last week entertained a dinner party of ten, consisting 

of the Rev Rector of Hampstead, and nine of his parish- 

I [ oners, whose joint age amounted to 794. Among the jc/llj- 




7'm./( liuch there was :Hit au i.ivaJid ; they cat heartily, 
(Ji-iiik Cnrl)', and called their host a boy, having only at- 
u.r.ed she age of 69. 

Counter Hlrt Mon.lay se'eniiight, a party of elderly 

ladies, ;t; Allonby, iiietun a friendly visit j amongst whom 
Mtrc ihics widowi, of ihc name of Mary, ivhoic united 
ajj(" .Tiiountcd to 2S1 y5ir< ; and whose gaie'y of spiri's 
is h-„iJly to be exceeded by the most blmming of iheir 
sex ! It is further remarkable, that one of there three 
Marys has two sisters, new liviiijv within half a mile of the 
place of their nativity, whose ages, added to her's make 
2j; years ! — and the eldrif of them, inthccour'e ofafew 
weeks past, spun nine haitks of excellent yarn, by the an- 
cient mode of rock and .spindle. — It appear-, that the uni- 
ted ages of the live must be upwards of 4.30 i averagint;, 
ar least, 86 Ncars each ! — A ciicumstante not to he paral- 
leli-d in the N jrth of England, in any place of only equal 
pO|tulation. [Gree:;ock. I^aI'eh.] 

A patent has been taken out in England by Mr. Roche, 
for till- cure of the Hooj)lng Cough, by external ajjplicati- 
on only. The medicine is co-nposed of essential oils in 
the dilferent propcrtionc, cf elder, carraways rosemary, in 
which are mixed leaves of red roses, camomile flowers, 
he. to be siiirmieredovera slow lire 24 hour.., and pressed 
through a sieve— lake a small quantity of this mixture and 
rub it over the pit of the stomach 10 minuies before a 
fire just prcviou'! to bed time ; keep a flannel on the part 
during the whrle nighr. and exchange it fir anotheriiicce 
of flannel in the day time ; use 1-2 tea-sp'onful for an in- 
fant u!(dcr 6 nrmihs. and one tea-spoonful for a child 2 
years old, at each enibrocanon. 


PuLLEA>», an instrument itiaker. at Moscow, (in Rus- 
sia) has invented a curious musical instrument, called 
Orchestrino, which has been heard in the different thea- 
tres in Russia, with great ap])lause. It has the saitie ef- 
fect upon the audience as a well composed orchestra of 
100 select musicians. He has obtained from the Emperor 
oi Russia an exclusive privilege for ten years, and intends 
to travel with it, and visit the principal towns and cities in 



Who BjTlTsfra^eTJrby III fortune sunk, 
Feels not his soul enliven'd when he' i drunk. 


Hippocrates says, that it does annan good to get drunk 
once a titonth. I won't say it follows, that it imist, of 
course, do him much more good '.o get drunk daily ; but I 
know there are many pcojile who from practice seem 

firmly persuaded of it Horace next teljs us, that people 

whodriuk water, can never make good poetry; and Athe- 
na-ns assures us, that Alcxus and Aristophanes wrote 
poetry when they were iiil'-'xicated. Socrates, too was a 
clever ftllow ; and he according to Lucian was always 
drujik, for, in conf'trmity to his own confession, he saw 
all things douljle. Further, let us take the word mtthc ; 
what does it signify >. wh.v both mirth (the sou of Bacchus) 
and Druntenness, so nearly are they allied. Then Flaccus 
a;Virins that wine makes us eloquent ; and this is confirm- 
ed by Kotzebue, in his Benvowski, where we read that 
fish are unite for no other reason than that they drink no- 
thing but water. 

Beside, when are men so full of morality, truth, and 
charity, as when they are half seas over ? And let me add, 
that Hogarth observes, tlut " all the common and neces- 
sary motions, for the purposes of life, are iierformed by 
men. in straight lines ; but the graceful and ornamental 
Tiiovenients are maJe in curved lines." Such are all the 
movents of a drunken inan ; he must therefore, be the 
most^raco/i(/ of men. It may be said indeed, that the" 
vine has produced much evil i and I iriay be told, as a 
proof, that Erig.rne was discovered by Bacchus in the 
shape of a l)unch of grajics. Well, I know it ; and I knov. 
also, that Erij-ue is not the only girl that has been disco- 
vered by means of the grape. But now in opposition to 
that circumstance, which is so trifling when compared to 
the advantages I have already stated ; let me ask, whe- 
ther soberness has not its direful evils ; was not Hernia- 
goness banished Epherus for too great sobriety • Could in- 
ebricy cause any thing more afflicting than banishment .'— 



Dr. Johnson being asked what was love, answered, 
•' It was the folly of a wise man, and the wisdom of a 
fool . and Dr,,den being asked the same question by a 
lady, repI.eJ-— It is a subject. Madam, I have seen, 
telt, and heard— but never yet could uudet«tanU." 

Why not send for a Doctor? said a man to his friend. 
Because replied he, tUo- very Ul, I do not yet wiiih to Uie. 

THE R AM BL E R.—T<o.n. 

THE objects which surrou:*.ded me on my return to 
town, were little calcula:ed to dispel the gloom which 
hung over iny mind j the silence of the night was inter- 
rupted at intervals by the d smal cries of the lonely Scr?cch 
Owl, and by the continual rojir of the turbulent river dash- 
iiig its impetuous clay colored stream against the rugged 
corners of projecting rocks. The 'lying clouds, 
swifdy beneath the M)on, sonoetimes cotnpletely obscur- 
ed her, and left the earth in entire darkness ; at other 
times site shed a feint light, whicli enabled tne, indeed, to 
pursue my path, but had no ctfect to enliven my drooping 
spirits. I strove, however, to be ch?a,*fiit ; I attetnpred to 
hum a lively tune ; but the sounds half-uitered, died on 
my lips : pshaw, crietl I, this is nonsense mere childish- 
ness ; — I irietl a second titne : — rhe eilbrt was vain — it 
was iin])ossible to controul at pleasure, the operations of 
nature. I indulged myself therefore, in those sad reflecti- 
ons, which although very far from being at any time high- 
ly agreeable, were then in complete unison with my feel- 

One idea succeeded another in rapid succession. My 
thoughts wrt-e at length concentrated on my own raiit'or- 
tunes. I retraced in msnnry the though less hours of 
infancy ; but the pleasures which I then e.ijoyed v.'ere of 
but short duration : a few steps from childhood brought 
me into a state of anxiety, of disquietude, of unceasing 
torment ; — the God of love now fixed iiis rankling an-o>v 
in iny youthful heart — tittle only couldassuage the paiu — 
the wound was incurable. 

We sometimes feel a pleasing melancholy in retracing 
ourjiast misfortunes ) especially when the eliects of those 
misfortunes are at an end ; but this u^as not the case with 
me. The object of my first and only love was indeed lost 
to me forever ; 1 had not the most distant prospect of 
gaining the inestimable prixe. The fair one on whom I 
had placed my affections, whose person was ornamented 
by every grace and accomplishment ; whose heart was 
ennobled by every virtuous sentiment ; whose mind wa^ 
an index to delicacy and humane sensibility ; this angelic 
lady was now the partner of another. I could not help 
comparing rny suiTerings with those of the lamented Weu- 
'1 Eu. But there was one strong distinction between us : 
in the passionof Werter there wa^ probably some degree 
of criTiiiiiality : he was enaiTtour.:d with the wife of his 
friend : — my case was very different, yet not fess deplora- 
ble. In the fervour of youthful passiini, I had imprudent- 
ly sought the acquaintance o*" a b^tutiful girl whose for- 
tune was far superior to my own — a moment's reflection 
would have convinced me of the impropriety -of cherish- 
ing a passion which I could not dare to reveal — but at 
that time 1 had no idea of love. I was delighted with her 
conversation and lost no opportunity of enjoying it ; her 
just and humane observations convinced me of the sound- 
ness of her understanding and of the goodness cf her heart ; 
that heart, alas ! which has caused me so many pangs ! — 
About this time a gentleman of affluent fortune declared 
himself the suitor of this charming girl, and a report pre- 
sently circulated that his addresses were not disagreeable 

it was tlien I first felt that I was in love ; then my heart 
discovered to iric this hidden secret — a secret fatal to niv 
future happiness. — I was sometimes almost tempted to 
avow my passion ; but with proud and avaricious parents, 
I was well assured that my indigence would be an insu)ie- 
rable obstacle to my success ; I finally determined, there, 
fore, that my own wounded heart should be the onlv depo- 
sitary of its own secret. The constant disquietude of my 
mind preyed upon my spirits and visibly impaired mv 
health. My friends scarce noticed the change in my be- 
haviour : and no person, I believe, guessed the cause ; most 
people are too much attracted by their own personal con- 
rcrns, to pay unnecessary attention to those of their ac- 

In the mean time the wedding-day of my adored fair 
■Ji-e was fixed : it would have been impossible for me to 
have witnessed the nuptial ceremony without visible agi- 
tation : on pretence of business, therefore, I precipira-tU 
]nittcd Richmond, and wandered, in a state ofdespa'r, 

lirough every part of the country where there was n. 
loobability of my being recognized. At length I became 

iicdofthis unsociable roving life, and determined once 
more, to mingle in society, and endeavour by that means 
to wear oll'the melancholy which solitude had only served 
to increase. With this view I returned to my native resi- 
dence, and was joyfully received by my former friends. 
Every thing around me recalled to my memory some cir- 
cumstance connected with the grand cause of my unhap- 
piness : in yonder portico I had first beheld the object of 
my esteem and affection : under the beautiful wecping- 
w illows which shade that yard, I had often enjoyed her 
agreeable company. After some time I became more 
tranquil ; and although I could not be happv, I was yet 
tolerably chearful. My preiiossession for rambling was 
not yet extinct ; I fancied tliata reflectingmind might en- 
joy inore exquisite pleasure from the contemplations of a 
lonely stroll, than from the hilarity of the ball-rAom or 
the theatre ; from that motive I had taken the walk, the 
events of which I have already related. If anv have felt 
themselves interested in the fate of the unfortuna'e Sophia 
or in the recital of my own history, they are invited to ac- 
company me through my third niunber. 


On Thursday evening last. Ma. Wili 
ofjthis city, to the amiable Miss 
of Mr James Price of Henrico. 

Price, dau^hier 

May tbii ymthjal pair tucb ri^urefitd. 
In Hj-mvi's bmds as calm tb^anii'ri-rg mind. 
May pure affection its choicest gifts irttovi, 
And happiness cause their virtuous hearts toglovi. 

■ -In Fredericksburg on the 17th inst. bv the Rev. James 

R. vlVtiuichie, Mr L. Shuleiice. to Miss oTvil 
eldest daughter of Mr. William Davis of that place. 
Long may they lead .; h ippy iifc. 
Free from care and free fijin. strife. 

— rnsD— 

In this city on Thursday night last, after 
of nine da. s, Mr. Christopher L. Smith. 

——in Goochland county, on the 15th instant, Mr. 
Josiah Hatcher, in the 26th year of his age. 

■ -n -A.melia county on the I6th inst. Mr Ra'^ert 

Jmes. He has left to mourn his loss, a wife and ten c hil- 
dren— He was a kind and affectionate husband a 'entU-r 
ptirent, one among the best of masters, and a faithful 

——-in Dinwiddle county, on the 10th instant, A/rj. 
Tabitha Paine, consort of capt. Jacob Paine. 



London papers to the 25.!. Julv staf»,.ihat Gen. Ange- 
reau had, on the 28th ult. two long cttej>«nces.-,vith Bo- 
naparte, previous to his departure fr,r Bi*st. At*e hc^t 
fallcyrand, Berthier,and a few enatrrs and itiinisters of 
State, most in the confidence of the Corsican, xim pre- 
sent. Angcrcau is said to have pkdged himself for the 
success ot the landing in England, provided the plan whi. h 
he has him^elt projected for effecting the c*crpri;e, be a- 
dopted without any change or alteration, and Bona„arte 

IS stated to have acquiesced in the condition. Some 

mihtary movements which have been suddenly ordered by 
the English government, corroborates with the statement, 
thtit a serious attempt is expected to be made immediate- 
ly by the enemy. Mr. Addington too, in the house of 

commons, seemed to consider the peril as impending 

It IS lei^orted that Bonaparte upon receiving the in ■ vs- 
pecting the duke d'Enghein, from the Russian minister, 
in aclmiax of rage, wrote a uoie with his own hand, t<> 
the Emperorof Russia m the most vindictive. st-le. This 
was instantly dLsjiatched j but after sever:.! liouVs rcincn. 
strance from Talleyrand, another courier was dispatched 
to stop the delivery of this philippic. The messengers 
leached Petersburg on the same dav, btit th'. fln:,.ing note 
ai living first, had been delivered. The Emperor cT R.i-,. 
ria has ordered copies of it to be sent to every coun in 

Europe. ^ — A report is generally circul.Ked, that in crit- 

■icqu.-nce of the insolent letter sent by Bonaparte to the 
Emperor of Russia, that he had actually declared war a- 

gainst France In addition to ihe 'angry expressions 

made use of by Bonaparte in his answer to the Russian 
reirionstance, it is stated that he said, " it v.'as sti-ange that 
the Emperor of Russia'; who was sunounded by the ui.- 
p.-iiicipled murderers of his father, shoiilt' dare charge hira 
with the murder of the Duke d'Eiighicn." All this, how. 
ever, we give merely as report. A let "er from Dub- 
lin of the 10th July says, " the situation of this country 
growsevcry hourmore crilical. From various accounts 
received this day from several adjacent counties, a spirit 
"f insurrection apjiears to be jiretty general among the 
lower ordei^s. It is confidently reported that thcv ai-e 
sworn to rise the moment they receive an account of the 
enemy being at sea." 

immense harvest 
ndies in particular 
1 general advarc- 
is onlv five dollars 


An extract of a letter from Bordeaux, dated June U.I, 
states, that " the exportation of .all sorts of grain and flour 
frcm this country to Spain and Portugal being now per- 
mitted, must render speculations from our side in those 
articles hazardous. We shall have an 
and vintage iliis year. Wines and Bra 
are looking down. Colonial produce ir 
ing. The price of flour at Bi;rdeaux w: 

a barrel at the time the above letter was written." 

A letier received by a me-chant of Piiiladelphia, slates, 
that Mr. Pinckney, our Ministerat Madrid, was to leave 
that ciry on the 29th July, having sold all his furniture, 
and engaged the necessary .voitures, or calesas, to carry 
him to the sea port town, whence he was to embark for 

America A letter from Guadaloupe dated Augoit 

22, says, that the officers of the three American ves. •!^■, 
brought into Point Petre, have been tried for piracy, in 
consequence of having fought their vessels, and .sentenced 
to death ! but execution is delayed until advices from 
France can be had on the siibiec' A malignant f>- 

ver has la ely made its appearan e with considerable vo- 
le ice in Walton and Coriright, in the sta'e of Neiv- 
York. A similar fever also prcv. lis at Mill River, Fair- 
held county, Connecticut, of which several out of a family 
bitvc died. 



Vol. 1. 


■JSS selected POKT£r. 

A L F R E D^TO P H I L E N I A. 

MY mom of lift was bright and fair, ' 
The distant mists of gloomy Care, 
Byyo/t light bitcze, which daily blew,. 
Were scattered far beyond tht; view. 
Then blessings crown'd the happy hours — 
Then Ficamre strewed my path with flowers ; 
Then K/Vfi/eoped an easy way, 
And led my footsteps up to day. 
If e'er the Child if Sorrow mouru*d 
My sympathetic bosom biini*d : 
The highest bliss my soulj could know. 
Was, to relieve the pang of woe. 

Snch scenes my fondest feelings warm'd — 
Such scenes my earliest h.abits for-tti'd ; 
Thisdangeroiw race thro' youth 1 ran, 
And, ruin'd, reach'd the verge of man. 

L Alas ! sad wretch ! — I've wept, and run 

V-' . At Pil/t call— to be undone ; 
\S^ B;.'neith the flowers which strew'd my way. 

The thorn of l;eenest anguish lay ; 

Even in the boss of Virtue's shield, 

Tlie Sling of torture lay conceai'd. 

Ah, fatal Love ! — 
Nov.- H'pe has dos'd her sun-bright eye. 
And midnight glooms ni ' midday sky i 
Despair now heaves his horrid form. 
And frow:is tcrriSc in the storm ; 
No ray of bliss now meets my sight. 
And my whole sjul is wrap'd in night. 

Ah, sweetest Poetess I thy lay 
Can charm the weightiest woesaway ; 
The Soft compassion of thy feeling breast. 
Can shed a drop of balm, and lull my soul to rest. 

P H 1 L E N I A 



ALFRED ! the Heaven lent muse 
Then bid imp<-;m)us sorrow cease ; 

And a; the bright ApMo's shrine, 
Rccal thy exil'd heart to peace. 

Vain is the tear in anguish shed. 
And vain the pang jjy passion fed. 
Then to the muse thy moments give. 
And for her deathless laurel li'ee. 

Ne'er hope in careless crouds to find 
.A refuge for thy lonely mind, 
Tliink not the sympathetic sigh, 
The language of the inoving eve. 

Will o'er chy with'ring sorrows flow; 
Ev.vy will sneer, and ?G;icot.'r frown, 
Origmraii! nuitice drag thee down, 

And scorn to solace what it cannot know. 

Yet there are ^o7;ie to mercy true ; 
And suthm.i'i'ric/i have 'found. 
Who o'ereach liie-destroying worud. 

Shed pity's healing dew. 

Sucb be thy favour'd lot, for they 
Will live bev'ond the summer day. 
Will mid'st die wecpinij autumn' smile. 
And e'en the wintry waste beguile ; 
Will thy sad breast from anguish free. 
Tie friends of gentleness and thee. 

But, if the slave of love thou art 

Still languish and endure. 
For when that strike, tiefieling heart, 

Like death, it has no cure. 


Amhorofthe " Pleasures of Hope."— by hr. „v^t. 

O bom of her, beneath whose coloured wings 
Sad Collins ponr'd his wild notes to the gale' 
While Pity,s dirge wept o'er the sighing sirin'gs. 
And everypassion told its thrilling tale. 
How sweet the lyre, with fairy sound. 
The key of harmony can one. 
The rose-bud portals, that sulround 
The ever blooming bower of Hope. 

Oh skill'd to shed her silent dew 
On drooping sorrows withered flower ; 
Or when dark winter's sullen form 
Sets frowning in his 'tent of storm, 
T o unooth his front cold wrnkles blue, 
i 6 tLrow r-stinshinc on his dtirkning h'-er 

Siill, for how many a tearful eye. 

Looks f'arfu! to a f'lturc skv. 

Where Fate's veil'd woofs i'n darkness grow 

Wrapt round with all (he storms of woe j 

Still bid it fix its calmer sight 
On yon celestial fields of day. 
Where Hope, with steadv finger gay, 

Pmits to her visions of delight ; 
Of Friendship joining hands, with truth. 
And, that blooms eternal you'h, 
And Virtue, graving on the skv 
The lesson that she learnt on high ; 
And blue cy'd Peace with harp divine. 
As mild and musical as thine ! 
O sing ! nor let us feel once more 
That Rapture's strains with thine, are o'ei- 



OH. lovely Laura, may a you h, 
In^pir'd by beauty, urg'd by truth, 

Disclose the heart's alarms. 
The fire in rajjuir'd brea.its that glow's, 

Th' iitipassion'd pang on love that grows, 
And dare to sing thy charms. 

Enough with war my lay has rung j 
A softer theme awakes my tongue ; 

'Tis beauty's force divine : 
Can I resist that air, that grace. 
The harinony of fomnand face ! 

For ev'ry charm is thine. 
Of health, of youth th' expanding flush, 
Of virgin fear the flying blush. 

With crimson stain thy cheek : 
The bee such nectar never sijis, 
As yield the rose-bud!> of thy lips. 

When sweetly thou dost speak. 
'Tis thine the heaviest heart to cheer, 
Those accents, drank with eager year. 

So musically roll : 
Where swells the breast the snow-white skin 
Scarce hide'; the secret thoughts within. 

Nor needs disguise that soul. 
V.'ith thee, of cloudness days I dream ; 
Thy eyes, in morning splendors, beam 

So e.\quisttely fair — 
AVhai taste ! as o'er thy back and breast. 
In light-brown rirglcti. neatly drcst 

Devolves a length oiliair. 

Unblam'd, oh, let me gaze and gaze, 
Mobile love-sick fancy fondly strays. 

And feasts on many a kiss j 
For us let tides of rapture roll. 
And may we mingle soul with sou!. 

In extacies of bliss ! 


From whence, Louisa, ccmcs the fire. 

That in my bosom glows ? 
That thus, av.-akening fund desire. 

Forbids my soft repose ! 
Is it those eyes so keenly bright ? 

Those cheeks of roseate hue i 
That bosom swelling with delight. 

To love and nature true .' 

Is it (for which a saint might sigh. 

Which stoic hearts would warm, 
And give delight to ev'ry e}e) 

That love-inspiring form ? 
Oh, no ! 'tis neither form nor face. 

That thus enchants my soul : 
What heart alone could give such gracel 

The charm is in tlie w liolc. 


You've stol'nmyravish'd soul away, 

Maria pity my despair ; 
Return it to its place, I pray. 

Or take my hocly in your care. 



" Mr. Herbert i)hiced his ilaughter under mv mother's 
protection, and soon after joined the army. Their sepa- 
ration wasfintd ; he fell in the first engagement ; and So- 
phia, in tlie midst of her affliction at this event, received 
a most angry letter from her brother in Pennsylvania, who 
had heard with the utmost indignation of herengagenieiits 

to Captain F , and seemed to feel less tSnicern for 

his father's death, than regret at the weakness which had 
led him to lestow his daughter on a man v.lio had drawn 
I.ik Eword ii{; Aiaciit.i. 

T, but dc- 

" S. I hia lamented the prtiutlee of ht 

teriniiied to adhere invirlablv , to those -.,,-,, „^ „., 

which all her hojies of happi.iess depended, a'.id' which had 
received the sanction of parental authority. In the mean 
time, she counted the htnirs cf se]>aratioii, which she be- 
lieved, though longand melanchol •, would at length pass 
away, and restore the object of her affection. 

" While she indulged this fond illusion, your letter con- 
veying the fatal tidings ofCapt.F 's death, arrived. 

Snjihia received this intelligence withoutcomplaint. She 
shed no,, but her blood seemed chilled in her veins : 
she started frequenly, and there was a wildncss and dis.' 
<n-dt-r in her countenance, that alarmed us for her reason. 
She waj put to bed, her puhe beat high, the struggles' 
w hich for some time past she had undergone, had weak- 
ened a frame nauirally delicate. This last stroke she was 
unable to sustain, her fever encreased every moment, and 
the following night her reason entirely forsook her. I per- 
ceived a sudden change in her manner that shocked me. 

'■ Do not be be uneasy," said she, •' I .am bette; -aiuch 

better — that bloody engagement at Lrng Island! and 

\ et he's safe — it was foolish to be so uneas-.- — I cried for 
whole nights together — my head still burn's." 

" The physician, who now entered the room, she mis- 
took for her brother, and shrieked at the sight of him. 

" Oh iriy God !" cried the inihoppy Sophia, •' he is dead 

and 'hat's his murderer." — Then falling on her knees, 
" Save him — save him yet," said she, " have you the cru- 
elty to kill him ! — he loves you — indeed lie d'.es I'm \ our 

sister — don't break my heart — sjiare liiiii — spare hlin-^ 

Oh it's too late! — you've m.urdcrcd hhll already— fly (iy, 

my beloved — all that's dearest to my heart !'— all' that's 
left me on e«rth ! Hy for my sake— heie— here — I'm 
ready to die — v.'hy look so at me! — /can't save you '— ' 
how he groans! — he's covered with blood — lean bear it 
no longer." She sprang u]) in the bed, but, overcome 'uy 
these violent enioticns, sU'ik back in a kind of stupor : I 
knell by her bed-side, and she again revived a little. ■Is 

that Cajjtain F ?" cried she, putting out her hand; 

" Heaven — Heaven ])reserve ! — Write whenever the bat- 
tle's over — I shall have no rest till a letter comes." "Do 
you not know me, my dear friend," said I, ta- 
king her hand. " Yes, yes, there's no occasion to kneel 

tell my brother I consent to our parting — but I can never 

love again— I never lov'd but one ! — Who -stands there ? 

mercy !— mercy ! my brother— bury yourself deepinearth 
— he's dead— tiulte dead— would you kill him in the grave ! 
— have you no pity ?— Oh, he feasts on iny tears! he 

" Again exhausted by these efforts, she sunk into al- 
most total insensibility ; m which state she rcuiained some 
hours: her pulse jfrew -weaker every mom;n,, and, as 
death approaeiiej, her reason .-.-as in s .i..e measuie r«s'or- 
ed. She again opened her eyes, and a.iked fur me i lilc^ 
to her. '■ My dear Frances," saitl she, in a faint voice, 
" I feel myself dyhig : to you, my dear friend, I leave the 
care of our poor old servant ; comfort, comfort the good 
old man for our loss." Then liftiiigup her liandsand e\es, 
" Oh my Creator and my judge," cried she, " Thou 
whom 1 have sought in the sincerity, cf m\- soul ; thou 
whose bounties in the days of my happir.ess I loved to ac- 
knowledge, forgive me if I have suliered affliction to prey 
too much upon my hearc, and have sh-:.rtened mv life ! 
Thou canst witness, that amidst my sorrows, never has 
one murmuring thought arisen against thee ! Oli, best 
of beings ! object nearest to my heart ! of thy benevo. 
lence and goodness it has never doubted for a moment. 
When thy disiicnsations apjieared dark and mvsterious[ 
I have looked roinid on nattffe, and seen it bearriing with 
benignity and beauty. I have searched my own breast 
and found it formetl for huppiness and virtue ; and thou 
hast not fomied it thus in v.-iin. Thou will jus'ifv thy 
ways . thou hast afflicted me on earth, but mv sufle'ringg 
are past, and thou will ma!,e me for ever happy in thy 

presence." Her voice now faltered — she looked on me 

and expired. Oh, my friend ! my sweet, my amiable 
companion! Thou, whose heart, far from being v.'i-aiipe(l 
in sel; woe, could forget its own sull'eiings to comfort 
the unhappy i you, whose soothing p'ty could heal the 
wounds of the afflicted ; who aeei«ed burn, in this period 
of general distress, to lighten the burden of human wretch- 
edness ; to be the ministering angel of sorrow ! — w-liere 
shall the desola'e mourner now look around for aid .' He 
asks thy syinpathy, butthou canst not hear his complaint ; 
iris only poured to ihe cold eiirth that covers thae ! Oh, 
when I think of all thy perfections, the tenderness of thy 
disjjosition, the vir.ues of thy heart, how can 1 live with- 
out thee ! How can I drag on a wretched existence 
which thy friendship endears no longer ' Bur thou art hap- 
py. Yes, she 'is united to that amiable and unfortunate 
lover, whom she could not survive. ^ 

" I have been visiting the grave where the remains of 
iny friend repose. I have poured out my complaints; but 
the sorrow I feel is not for her, but for myself. She is at 
rest, and this cruel war had made her happiness imp.issi- 
lile! Alas, how dreadful are the effects of war ! Every 
form of evil and misery is in its train : the groans of de- 
spair are mingled with the songs of triumjih, and thelau. 
relsof victory are nonrislied w i h the tears of liumanitv." 







Kiciu.-or.D :—rv :e s D .ir, octoder 2, 1804. 

[NuMDca 4] 

:ia^im)rtM^ ^- itfi i > ,. Hrt » i<>M*U'K-Ma 


1st.—" The Mikerva" will be neatly printed, 
weekly, on a hall'-slieet Supcr-Rojal paper. 

j,\ yjie terms are two dollars jer annum to 

be paid in advance. 

5J. A handsome title-page and table of contents 

will be furnished (grali.s) at the completion of each 


rmWtr.TmtWWtVTtlfMvmVWSHm^'UU'lMli^Ml'iWWl'. «• 




^Concluded from pa^e 9.] 

SOME years afterwards, conceiving that they had still 
materials suflvcitndy fresh and original aiiioiiB them, to 
furnish out another scries of similar papers, they produc- 
ed, in the same manner, the niinibers of the Lounger, 
vvliich v> ere equally received with favour, at their hrs: ap- 
pearance i were collected in subsequent editions, in duD- 
decimo and octavo; were at last publicly avowed by the 
authors i and continue still to be read with pleasure whcre- 
ever theEnglish language is known. Mr. Frazer-Tylter, 
now Lord Woodhouslie of the court of scssicn, the late 
Ur. Henry, the historian, Ur. €u)ric of Liverjjoo!, and 
other correspoudeats, had furnished contributi- 

soine fe\v 



the Speciator, or 
worth's talcs 
j>erhaps be thought to creel those 
L-.'uager, in the pathos of general 
power of character, 

„..o, not in general quantitj, wiiich were msertei 
wTrror and Lounger, among the wrllmgs of the club. 

In attempting to judge of the menls of these t.vo pubh- 
tations, one nvust begin owning, that the) are but 
imitations The imitaiion of the plaii of the Tailcrs, Spec- 
<UtUft i nt ^OuRi«iL »nap,' te, indeed, common ta tt'.-: -M(Trr>r>, 
»nd Loungers, with liiany oiher pajicrs of a similar 
nature. But, 1 doubt, whctncr there bean, o, her similar 
set of papers, that has less than these of originality to 
boast m the two great provinces ui' ethical observations 
penetrating beyond the mere surface of life, to the general 
liature of man, and of light airy Hctio'ns, illustrarive of the 
familiar manners of society. Of serious morality, they 
have nothing of which the elements may not be found in 
the papers of Steele, Addison, Johnson Ec Hawkcswonh. 
Their dreamshave been dreamed, told, and interpreted be- 
fore; liieir visions have been seen by former seers ; then- 
letters from feigned characicrs are merely echoes; vheir 
aile 'Orical ironies scarce ever present liumnur otherv/ise j 
than in old clothes which she had worn threadbare. 

It is remarkable too. that though writing in Scotland, 
they have wriiicn rather of English ihan of £cotishn:an- 
ners. Thev probably feared, iha;, if tl)ev should boldly 
venture to iiiark the leading fcatvircs of the manners pecu- 
liar to Ecr-ttiih society ; they might by this both excite the 
oft'ente of '.hat narrow provincial circle in which they mo- 
ved, and at the time produce a work that would iiave too 
much of Scottish in it, to f.nd favor in England. Besides, 
ihe spirit in wiiich tljey wrote, seems to haTe been too 
much a merely imitative one, totake full advantage of 
th./se circumstances favourable to originality, in whicli 
their design was executed. 

A few of the papers of the Mirror and Lounger, are on 
topics of me^aph) sicul disquisition, on subj. 
of nature and na.ions, such as was then li: 
the Scottish universities. In these, the aui 
happy. These essays want precision, fr ,n 
give them popular ease looseness; they iireobstuic, 
from the impossibility of rendering ideas so abstract and 
retined, at once popular and familiar ; they are incomplete 
because the limus of the jiapers did not pei mit them to 
be extended to the requisite length : and they are oficn 
even otherwise of liale v«lu», because the opinions in them 
seem to have been hasiily taken up, slightly considered, 
and often not clearly anddelinitely apprehended, even by 
the writers themselves. From this censure, are, however 
to be excepted, the papers on Ureaming, by Dr. Beattie of 
Aberdeen, which secni, indeed, to bethepride of thatphi- 
losjpher's \sritings. 

In the pathetic, and in delicate Addissenian humour, 
consists the chief power of these papers ; and in these two 
tpecies, they cannot be denied to present many instances 
of uncommon excellence. The tale of the death of La 
Roches which aims to convert the deist by the mere force 
of sensibilit), iscertaiidy one of the most tender and af- 
fecting which man can read. The letters signed Home- 
>puu, are equal in merit, to perhaps the best of Addi(oa'< 

I the la 
niJt to 

if Chcstcrileld in the 
Adventrrer, may 
;f the Mirror and 
Ilect, resulting from 
icidents, sentiments, 
id .general design, i^jt, in that pathetic, which depends 
on liic mi;iure disjilay of tender and picturesque imr.gery, 
tlie writers of the Mi-ror and Lounger are unrivalled by 
these of any other coi*Cti*. „f pc.-iodlc.d papers. , N.«-, 
though tliere he a greater profusion of wit, and that more 
poignant, in tlte papers of the World and ti\eConioUeiir 
should we think of compariiv; even these jiapers with 
those of the Scottish writers, in respect to that delicacy, 
that elegint felicity wf wita-ld hii.nour, which is the most 
envied praise > v Horace and of Addison. 

It must, indeed, be owned, of the I.'irror r.nd Lounger, 
that they wear very much the air of having been written by 
men of f.xshion. ' The colloquial phras'-ology which oc- 
curs in them, is not only, in general, pure, but it is a'.-o of 
that elegant, rather thiaof mean or pedantic society. The 
allusions are to things fa'iiiliar to the mode of life, w'.iich 
belongs rather to the great and fashionable, than to the 
laborious and humble. It is to tlie amusement and ameli- 
oration of high life, or life comparatively high, that the 
sco;)e of almost all these papas is directed. They aiTect, 
too, ;, tone of superiority, a polish ofaddresj and manners 
a nicety and even caprice of appr.ibation and censure, 
which seem not very indiiecdy to bespeak the condition 
»f the authors to have been above the level of tasteless 

The style of thcM papers, seems to have been formed 
chieflv on the models of Addivon, Johnson, Hume, and a 
few French writers. It is nev;r oar-e, mean, nor spirit- 
less; but it is often debased by aa intermixture of Scotti* 
cism':, of Gallicisms, andoi the peculiar j/anj' language of 
Sc;jttish metaphysics. It sca.'coly ever attains to the 
car.c felicity of genuine and delicate Anglicism 
The sense is son'ie.imes enfeebled or lost amid the multi- 
plicity and the elaborate prettliiess of the worlds employed 
to express it. 

Of the Mirror and Lounger, it may be, with truth, ob- 
serveJ, that, as iTsis been stid nf the Tatlsrs, Spcott-tor-s, 
aiid Guardians, they sensibly improved the conversation 
of the best of company in Ed'.iourgh and oiher pirts of 
Scotland, wi.hina few years afier iheir publication. They 
r-.-fined and c.:rrec:ed "he public tasie in regard toamuse ' 
mentb ; a.^d, they contributed to connect elegant literature 
with the diversiiins and harmless levities of the gay. 

For these and -vha'ever other beneiita may have 
been derived to society froirl those papers, the cliief thanks 
are uiiques-ionabl,> due to Mr. Mackenzie. He acted a< 
edilnr of the whole. His papers are considerably more nu 
meroui thanthose of any uf his coaljiltors, more various 
in regard to the naiure of their sahjecis, and of su|)erior 
merit. He easily appears among so many men of dis- 
tinguished lalents, as Addison ani.-mg the other wriiers 
of the Spectator, or Dryden aniongthe orherauthors of the 
poeiical miscellanies of which he was the ediior. Th'iugh 
we had no other test, by which to judge of the abi ities of 
the principal wrilerin the Mirror and Lounger ; we shoulJ 
not fail to rank them high, upon this consideration Sjlely, 
that in a knot of men so eminent, he stands unquestiona- 
bly the first. 

His foriune, never uncomfortably small, is not even 
now inviduously great. His business in tlie Exchequer 
yields probably an income of 8001. a year: he is compiroU- 
er-general of taxes for Scotland, with a salary of 6001. a 
vear : and his other emoluments may perhaps rai^e 
the whole amount of his annual income to somewhat 
mote than 20001. He has a family of eleven amia- 
ble and promiaiiig children. 

He is an eminent member of a Literary CliilJ, in which 
a ie\'i of the most eminent members of the Royal Society 
of Edinburgh occasionally ineei for literary and friendly 
converse at a convivial meal in a tavern. His conversati- 
on is ever the charm and the pride of every society which 
he enters. 

It is peculiarly pleasing to contemplate a life in which 
the praise of literature is so happiU', so elegantly, so 
gracefully associated with the best virtues, of social and 
domestic life, and with the steady and judicious exercise 
of the most respectable talents for business — it is pecu- 
liarly pleasing— for, alas ! thej example is singularly 

The readers of this memoir may be assured, that it is 
not the eulogy of a friend to him whose m.;rits it comme- 
morates. Its writer has endeavoured only to inentim 
without prejudice, facts of which he had authentic infor- 
mation. But if, in spite of this care, any prejudices may 
have influenced him in relating what he knev/, those pre- 
judices have certainly not been in fitvor of the «ubje«t of 
tkift memoir. 


THERE is no charm in the female sex that can sup- 
ply the place of virtue. Without innocence, beauty is un- 
lovely, and quality contemptible : good-breeding degene- into wantonness, and wit into impudence. 

When youn<^ women arrive at a certain age they hear 
themselves called mistresses ; and are made to believe that 
their only business is to please the men ; they imniediti'ely 
b.^gin to drtss, and place all their hopes in the ad ; 
of their persons; it is therefore worth the while^ t-^ en- 
deavour by all means to make them sensible that the ho- 
noui- pa'd to them is only upon account of their conduct- 
ing themselves with virtue, modesty, and discretion. 

The best preservatiye of female hononr is female deli- 
cacy : modesty is the handinaid of virtue, appointed to 
tend, dress and serve her ; it is, as it were a kind of ar- 
mour, which the sex should always bear, both to adorn 
and to defend them ; and when that is laid aside they are 
neither beautiful nor safe. 

Make it ycurj;reat care to refine your sentiments : let 
them be reasonable and full of honour ; be sure always to 
keep well witit yourself, it is a certain of pleastire, 
and will gain you praise and a good rejiuttilion to bcot. 

In a word, be truly virtuous, and ycii will iind admirers 


JAQJJELiNE of Luxemburg, duchess of Bedf-rd,had 
after her first husband's dea>h, so far sacrificed her an bi- 
tiun to love, that she married Sir Richard Wideville, a 
private gentleman (afterwards honored with' ihe title of 
Lord Kivers) to whom she bore several children, a:.fl a- 
mong the rest Elizabeth, who was no less disdnrutshc 1 
by the beauty and elegance of her person than the autiai>l'- 
disposition of her mind. 

Elizabeth espoused Sir Jofin Grey of Groby ; bu' h-r 
husband being slain in the second battle of St. Ali/an's, 
fighting for the family of Lancaster, and hia estate heir,; 
on that account conhscated,, the young widow retired to 
her father's seat at Grafton, in Nirthamptonshire, where 
she lived for some time in privacy and retirement. Ed- 
ward the IVth. king of England, happening to hunt in 
'hat county, went to pay a visit to the duchess of Bedford, 
and Elizabeth resolved to embrace such a favcirable optior- 
tunity of obtaining some grace from this gallant monarch. 
Accordingly she came into his presence, and throwing her- 
self at his feet, implored a maintenance for herself and her 

The sight of so much beauty in distress made a deep " 
impression on the amorous mind of Edvfard. Love stole 
insensibly into his heart under the guise of compassion ; 
and the sorrow and affliction, so graceful in a virtuous ma- 
tron, rec-tmmended her no less to his esteem and venera- 
tion, than her personal beauty made her the cbjcct of his 
alfec'ion. He v-..ited her from the ground with assurances 
of favour. He found his passion daily strengthened by 
the company and conversation of the lovely widow ; and in 
a short time, became the suppliant of the woman whom 
he had lately seen on her knees before hiin. But such was 
tie resolute virtue of Elizabeth, that she positively refus- 
ed to consent to any of his unjust projinsitions. All the 
entreaties, promises and endearments of the yonng and a- 
miablc Edward, could not compel her to quit the path of 
virttie. This opposition served but the mo,-e to enslave the 
passiiins of the young monarch, and heighten his esteem 
for such exalted prudence ; he therefore offered to share his 
throne, as well as his heart, with the woman whose per- 
sonal and memal accomplishments rendered her so desei-v- 
ing of both. The nuptials were accordingly solemnized. 

PHOCAIS, an Ionian lady, among many others, wag 

invited to sup with Cyrus, king of Persia. While the 
rest of the Ittdies seertied highly pleased with the king's 
wanton jests, and permitted such freedoms as were incon- 
sistent with the delicacy due to a virtuous character, she 
removed at a distance and remained silent ; nor would 
she approach nearer to join the company, though desired, 
and much importuned by the king himself. Some of the 
attendtints attempting to pull her forv/ard, she gave them 
a severe reprimand, [irotesting she would make the first 
who ofiered to lay hands on her repent their oil'ence. Up- 
on this the ladies present upbraided her with being rude, 
anJ uiipolite : but Cyrus, though somewhat surprised, 
seemed perfectly satisfied with her behaviour ; and turn- 
ing to the person who introduced her, saidw'tha smile on 
his countenance. ' Don't you perceive that this is the only 
innocent and virtuous lady in the company ?' 

Fromtha time the king held her in great esteem, lov- 
ed her sincerely, and ever iifl«r called her TUc Wiso 



For 1804. 


THS Rainbow No. VU,-" os the ili.vSjoxs or 
*ANCT," is probibly not inferior, eiiher in point of style 
or ainuseiVicnt, to any of its precur.sors. The subject which 
the author has chosen U entirely familiar to every reader. 
Whohns notexpcrie«ccd:he various workings of the ima- 
gination, and the freqiitnt" illusions of fancy !" 

This Essay contains many pleasant anecdotes, illustra - 
'ive of the writer's argument in proving, that the illusions 
of fancy are frc'iiiently substituted f* the i/iV(nf« of reason ; 
s<imeofth<-m will be highly diverting to the ladies ; espe- 
cially the anecdote of the Clergyman and his daughter, 
whose imaginations formed such very dissimilar objects 
on the fjcc c-f the Moon. 

The au:h(.r lias not noticed the flights of the imaginati- 
on in the hours of sleep ; unrestrained by the suggestions of 
reason, it is then that Fancy has its full unguided range i 
but iie might possibly not be as fond i of dreaming and of 
rdating his dreams, as were Addison, Steele; and some 
other learned men. 

This beau:iful and intcres'.ing writer has, however.pur" 
sucd the ■' ithslons 'f Fancy" so far, that I presume his 
own imagination at length took flight, and obtained a 
complete ascendance over his reascn. He observes, " A 
I' few years since a black cape probably often e.vcited more 
" h'.'rror in Paris than 3 street murder, and I verily believe 
*' some zculous partizans among ourselves have thought 
" the very Rainbow hid::ous from its resemblance to the 
■' fWco/or of France." 1 verily ^e/Zeve that this singular 
idoa, formed by the imagination of the writer, never oc- 
cuircdto the fancy of any other person. He may with 
propviety add it to the many risible anecdotes which he 
had before given us of the*' Illueions of Fancy." His two 
concluding paragraphs are, in this instance, extremely ap- 
plicable to the autlior. To do him jiistice, however, I 
niu»t freely confess that I never derived more exquisite 
phasure CTOm the pertisal of any literary Essay, than from 
the " Jlluiioiis of Fancy." 

S E N E X. 

V. S. Docs Dot American Literature demand that the 
numbers of " The Rainbow," should be republished in 
Voluiliss, the manner o.' the Mirror, Lounger, Stc ? 


r H K li A I N B O W. No. VII. 


NO si.igle faculty of the inind a.Tords materials for such 
vtii. ,us and curio j.i disquisi.ion as the fancy, or imagina- 
tii-n. The nistajjiiysician views it as the iiiimic of the 
senses, whoae functions it .sometimes so aptly performs, 
as to i:iipo8« on the mind fiction for triuh. In thus sub- 
slituling the pictures or images of its own creation, for 
those of nature, he perceives that it only sejiarates or com- 
bines those ideas which were imparted by the senses and 
rjpobitedin memory l That it can generate no simple idea 
but is merely the intellectual artificer who makes a fabric 
cf the materials with which it is furnished by the senses. 
In the course of his enquiry into tlie principles of its ope- 
ration, he is astonished to find that even this |)ower of se- 
pa.atirg or combining has its limits ; .-.nd that, with all 
the seeming irregular & discursive movements of the fan- 
cy, there arc but two or three natural relations, which as 
pans volans enable it to pass from one region of thouglit to 
another : and that the mind can never shift itself from 
idea to idea, imless there is proximity of time or place 
resemblance or contrast be'ween them. Tims this lively 
iaculiy, who'e anomelies seemed at first view to defy the 
lo.vers of hu.iian investigation, is found to act ujjon prin- 
ciples at once regular, sinii;le, and few. Dillerent persons 
possess indiflerent degrees the po«er of perceiving what 
u contiguous in time or place, an.i what is like or unlike ; 
according to which degrees they are said " to have an acl 
tive, or a dull, imagination," and sometimes, " to possesi 
or to want, fancy." 

r..v;r; el-quencs andpoetv owe their highest ornaments 
to tit:- nnaginaiion, it naturally becomes one of the prin- 
cp,.l tqncs of literary criticism. As it is the object of 
tlrec.rator to perjuade, and the poet to pl-ase, the cri. ic 
c<>u;id'.r^ the fancy merely as an instrument for these pur- 
poies, anj dcrtvcsa set of rules from the l»w« ofoiiriia- 

ture. by which he astertains the fitness of tlie means to the 
ends. He points out where a loose should be given to the 
native impetuosity of the imagination, and where its unli- 
censed sallies should be curbed : shews what passages pos- 
sess lite awful grandeur of the sublime and what the at- 
tractive loveliness of beauty, and distinguishes those pic- 
tures of fancy which are dissonant to nature from those 
which are hit off i,i the spirit of her finest models. In a 
word, guided at one and the same time by the most libe- 
ral feelings of the heart and the nicest dictates of reason, 
he praises f>r blames the works of imagination according* 
to the judgment of taste. 

Nor is this busy faculty unworthy the confidence of the 
vioralist. Our desires and aversions eitheir derive new vi- 
gor from the imagination, or one their existence to it all 
together. It is sometimes theirparent and aKvays their 
nurse. By its extensive iiiHuence over our pleasures aitd 
our pains it goes far towards regulating our moral con- 
duct, and according to the direction it may take, gives 
birth to the sublimest heroit^m or the most| utinatural de- 

To shew the full extent of its influence on huinan hap- 
piness would lead me into too wide a field of moral and 
metaphysical speculation : but as a branch of the subject, 
I purpose to shew how much it tends to substitute false- 
hood for truth, by enumerating someol the most ordinary 
illusions of fancy ; in which enumeration, the examples are 
either the- result of my own observations, or are believed 
to be in strict analogy with the aoknowlcdged principles of 
huinan nature. 

Son/etiiiies the suggestions cf the imagination are mis- 
taken for those of the memory. This propensity is alinost 
always to be perceived in childtcn of teniier years. They 
prattle of visits they never made i repeat conversations 
they never heard, and describe objects they never saw — 
all this too, without the Sinallest consciousness of false- 
hood. The same predominance of fancy over memory is 
occasionally seen in grown persons who deal much in nar- 
rative. The foible of these people never fails to incur the 
contempt of the world, and is generally imputed to vanity ; 
but where it is united toa character otherwise irreproach- 
able, as I have sometimes seen it, it is fair to presume that 
it proceeds from an imhtcility of the mhid rather than 
obliquity of the heart. Everyman who watches the ope- 
rations of his intellect, must have discovered that he occa- 
sionally had formed a ne:a association of ideas at the very- 
time he thinks he is merely retracing airassociation /ire «;- 
ously formed. 

Women have always been observed to have livelier im- 
aginations than men. A natural consequence of this eu- 
perior facility of associating ideas, is," they are less accti- 
r.-.te in reciting matters of fact. Not only the merits of a 
favorite, the splendor of an exhibition, or the horrors of a 
calamity are exaggerated by the force of their imaginati-, butwhat consistsin mere number and quantity is apt 
to be encreased or diminished by tlie same cause. One 
lady, boasting of the beaux who have led her daughter out 
to dance, will convert twelve into twenty; while an envi- 
ous neighbiHir by an Opposite deception, will diminish the 
number to five or six : and yet both of these ladies may 
be innocent of voluntary falsehood. The fact is, that 
each listened to that suggestion of fancy -which was most 
agreeable to her feelings. 

I once knew two ladies d's'])ute, and at length bet, on the 
height of their respective gallants, who were very well 
known to both. The gentlemen turned out to be of equal 
height, hut each lady had been confident that her own fa- 
vorite was at least two inches taller than the other. 

Very ardent lovers have observed that v.hen they first 
meet after a long sejjaration, they feel disappointed in 
each other's appearance. It is because the picture cf the 
beloved I bject was not in the mind merely as memory had 
drawn it — im.agination had superadded the ctlors of her 
own bright pencil. 

S.Miietinies we see the iinagination so lively, so com- 
pletely master of the mind, that it prevails over the plain 
and direct communnications of the senses. 

On occasion cf a riot. Gov. C of New York, put 

himself at the head of a chosen party to quell the tumult. 
The sword he carried was by some accident broken off 
near the hilt. With this fragnrient in his hand he jjushed 
on, and endeavoured to force his way through the crowd. 
One man, feeling the pressure of the mutilated weapon, 
looked back, and fixing hiseyes onth'espot, exclaimed" a 
dead inan," and fell senseless on the ground, Hiidera tem- 
porar)- conviction that he was lun through the body. 

Mtijor H. whose life wa-s spent in mischievous wagge- 
ry, having given a strolling fidler some liquor, pressed him 
to repeat his draught with great earnestness. By winks 
and nods to the bystanders, suspicions were artfuUv excit- 
ed in the po^^r fidhr— at length he was told with a fa'-e of 
gravity and c.indclence that he had taken an emitic which 
would be good for his heal'h. Warm water was accord- 
ingly prepared, and the credulous son of Oqihens was made 
to vomit as freely by the energy of his own imagination 
as he cotJd have been by the most powerful drugs of phar- 

A clergyman and his daughter were once- viewing the 
face cf the full moon. The young woman was clear she 
saw in it the figure of a young man ,• but the ftrther rebuk- 
ing the daughter for not seeing a churcb, says, " why child, 
don't you see the steeple !" 

To ordinary palates gor-d wine at the table of a poor 
man will seem bad. and ordinary wine at tlic house cf a 
reputed epicure, has » most »s^\ .site flavour. 

/Esop, by w ay of charac erising the blind partiality of a 
mother, makes the owl, in detcribing hirjoung to th« 
eagle, dwell wi.h great emphasis on their pretty fa- 

Persons who feel a dfead of apparitions need but meet 
with a white cow or linen garment, and their fancy sup- 
plies whatever is wanting to complete a picture of horror 
—gives it form, colour, motion, nay even a distinct and 
articulate voice. Ghosts were never yet seen by those 
who did not previously have a dread or belief of them 

When Wilkes was in the itenith of his popuLirity, on. 
of his most enthusiastic female ttdmirers w ould not admit 
that he squinted. Yielding to the eflect on a nearer iif. 
spection, she replied to her triumphant adversary, " Well ' 
1 am sure if it is so, he squints no more than a gentleman 
ought to do." 

The wretch who has been for years the helpless victim 
of disease, has imagined himself cured by the tcuch of an 
iron bodkin : and on one occasion I knew a rheumatic pa- 
tient to be scratcl.< d with a quill (imposed on him for one 
of Perkins's points) till he was able " to take up his bed 
and walk." 

It is a similar illusion of fancy which procures the rea. 
dy sale of the nostruiils of empirics, and v-.uches with 
such grateful zeal for the cures they have wrought. 

Jugglers and ventriloquists owe their success chiefly to 
the deluded imaginations of their beholders. 

Hyjiochondria, delirium, ami madness, though remote- 
ly caused by corporeal disease, are the imhiediate eft'ects 
of an imagination stimulattd to preternatural vigt^ur. 

The false promises of hope are nothing but the judg- 
menr led astray by the imagination. Aiibirlcn derives 
its strength from one species cf mental ilIusion,.and ava. 
rice from aitother. Jealousy, envy, revenge, tt-ake the ini- 
a;;ination convert beauty into defomtity and virtue into 
vice, while love, pity & admiratiin, tause an opposite meta- 
morphosis. When panv spirit ra .s :.igh, the same essay, th« 
same .speech is thought to have or u want merit, accord- 
ing to the sentiments they express. This prejudice, as it 
is conimonly called, orthis illusion cf fancy, is cftcn ex- 
tended most ludicrously to the cutof acoat, theair cf apo- 
pitlar sting, or even to a c^ lor tha' happens to be the badge 
of a parry. A few years, a black cape probtibly rf- 
ten excited more horror in Paris than i street murder, and 
I verily believe some zeal, .us parti/ans among ourselves 
have thought the very Rainbow hideous from its resem- 
blance to tho tricolor of France 

If imagination is capable not only of substi'u'ing itsowa 
copies of the ])rrccpiion of for tho,se of memory, but 
even of chea'ii.g us cut of these percep'i' ns themselves, 
howmuch&how often must it peivertthe jtidgment! How 
liable is every chain of reasoning to be turned this or that 
way from the right line of truth, v. hen ever\ l:)):.- is so likclj* 
to be distorted ! Few are the opinions \\ e can form which 
are not coniiected with some sentiment of pKasure cr pain, 
and these sentiments are always nourished more or les» 
by fancy. 

Let these considerations teach charity and moderation to 
zealots of every description, and let them recollect that 
the opinions of whose truth tliev have the deepest convic* 
tion^ if they were formed when the mind was much excit- 
ed by feeling, are lets likely to be the demonstrations of 
reason than the illvsio/is ff fancy. 


The folloxuing female character is translated froTn the French. 

Hcwever highly colored the portrait may appear, it is not, 

u-e hope, without a imr.g original. 

" It is her happiness to be ignorant of all that the world 
calls pleasure ; her glory is to live in the duties of wife and 
mother ; and she consecrates her days to the practice of 
social virtues. Occupied in the government of her fami- 
ly, she reigns ever her husband by complaisance ; over 
her children by mildness ; over her domestics by goodness. 
Her house is the residence of religious sentiments, t f fili- 
al piety, of conjugal love, of maternal tenderness, of or- 
der, peace, sweet sleep, and good health. Economical 8; 
stutiious, she prevents want, and dissipates evil passions ; 
the indigent who present themselves at her door are never 
repulsed t the licentious avoid her presence. Siie has a 
character of reserve and dignity, that inakesher respected; 
of indulgence and sensibility, that makes her beloved ; of 
prudence and firmness that makes her esteemed. She dif- 
fuses around her a mild warmth, a pure light, which vivi- 
fy and illume all that encircle her." 

Happy the man who possesses such a wife, and can 
justly appreciate her worth ; haitpy the children who are 
nurtured bv her care and modelled by her counsel : happy 
the domestics who wait her commands &. enjoy her bene- 
volence ; and happy the society which holds in its bosom* 
being worthy of a better world. 


It is a general observation that the reformed rake makcg 
the best husband ; but is not alwavs recollected that there 
are various kinds of libertines. For instance, a youtig 
man who has been led to exceed the bounds cf prudeice. 
with respect to the fashionable fi Hies of the day, if he pos- 
sesses i, good understanding and a good heart, when th« 




he-acy of ,outh is over, :ir,d the passions become calm. 
such a one mav see his past errors in a proper light ; ana 
if perchance, he should meet with an aitr.ab.e and vireu- 
oi'is woman, whose mental quiliiicairons capacitated her 
to become the companion of a man of icnse, there is 
more than an equal chance of ti.cir expjnencing; as much 
uossible happiness as this world tan .iltord ;^ but when a 
woman falls into thohands of aV.ber^ine w nose heart is 
corrupt, who isaganibler and a drunkard, wha; happiness 
can be exiiecied >. Is Euch a man cai)abb cf triendship, ai- 
fection <r honor > Yet if this very vicious character is pos- 
sessed ofahandscnie psrscn and genteel in his address, he 
mav easily cantivate a voung, inexperienced woman, if 
he really admires he.- ))erson t hut alas < her happiness, it 
,he marries him. will be hut of short duration ; for when 
his short lived ftajsioii sr.bsides. nci'her lior se:ise nor ac- 
ccmplishments will have anv power to I.eep him fromre- 
turninKto his former pu'sui's. A man ol a corruptheart 
ii not rapul.le of a imndship : can a connection, 
foiindedii) sciitjinents 

saw once or twice a week, somewhat dispel the ennui of 
that envious old Maid, Miss Lurretla Gossip, who •■ after 
her twel' h dish of tea, continues to talk scandal of all the 

1 il alTeciioii, sub-il 

, but lietween 

persons who act upt 
honor / 

the lilgiie^t principles cf i 

s did 


On the 2Jd Mav, MiJame Garixiin wi-h aRussir 
ascended in a B:il!oo;i. at M.seow. Tliese Ladi 
not desist from their held enterprise, though at the instant 
a thunderstorm, with hail & lightning, made it hazardous. 
A quarter before eight o'clock in the evening, they ascend- 
ed 5,.500 feet. 'I'liev heard in the air thundering every 
ixhcrc round them, and felf.lic elK-c: of the elecirlcilnid 
in theatmosiihcre, was full of clouds and rain,, and 
agitated by wind. descended twenty werstes from 
Moscow, not without ijreat danger i the Russian lady re- 
ceived a severe contusion, by coniing against a tree. As 
the HuUoon was become very hea^ from the rain, the fe- 
male xronau's had been oljlfged 1^ throw away all their 
instruments, even the parachufe, and wiien they touched 
the ground, only ten pounds rf ballast rem.vned. 

a^hbourhood ?'* 

Ills one of the st 
am constantly plann 
of others, wiihout paying nece 
personal ease ; and yet I rece 
ble. The fact is, all my projec 
verv few of them are reduciblt 

gest traits in my character, that I 
■ f-tr the convenience and pleasures 
le necesiary attention to my own 

no thinks for my trou- 
are founded ill theory and 

practice. For instance ; 

The seeds of foreign grap»s have 
to he an excellent siibs'itue fcr c 
th. , t'rt produce a quantity, of oil, ; 
h".k-d. furnish a liquid much rese 
by coflee. The practice is rapidly 



teh' been discovered 
Ve.'— When ureised, 
1 afterward's wiien 
bliii;j that produced 
;;coming general in 

^ teH'AiriawaiaiaiWto .3% 



T care rwt, Fortifne, IvSut you ine deny. 

You cannot rob ■im ^' ffce nature^s grace, 

Ton cwmot shift the zviitdmi's of the sl'y ; 

Nor har'my cof.y.lwilfett to trace 

1'he woodj and /aui«s- ly living streaVM at eve.' 


THE idea of the frientlless female whose e 
ferings I had witnessed, frequently obtruded i.self on my 
imagination. Many reflections, connected with that cir- 
cuni-.tance, presented themselves j I e.xantined thetonduct 
of the world towards unprotec'.cil females in the despe- 
rate situation of the unfortunav Sophia. The behavicuv 
cf society, tliought I, towards thcbe distressed women is 
cruelly severe. Insttod of recalling" Lheni from the paths 
of vice, anddireedng then) to the road of repentance and 
morality, it is the maxim of the wcrKl to slight and ne- 
glect them ; they thus become hardened in vice, pursue 
their dissipated conduct, and are at last plunged into infa- 
my and ruin. A deep' sigii, which proceeded from the 
bottom of my heart, was es'pressive of my sensations ! 
And who knows," cried I, " ihat this may not be the fate 
of the unfortunate Sophia ! Yet, God forbid !" My heart 
was full, and I had only one me:hod to relieve it. I took 
up my hat, and sauniered in thr ughtlcss solitude, towards 
the Canal ; hi my former r,ambies I had usually sought 
diversity of scerie, and seldom w-andered twice in the -Fame 
course ; but this walk was now peculiarly interesting to 
me i I entertained for it a kind cf sympaiheiic attach, 
mcnt, width forbid inc to direct my steps in aii'y other 

Nothing has a greater tcndcitcv to e-diven the wearied 
mind or 'he sad heart, than an excursion into the countrv 
en a serene ever.irg ; if our busding merchants would 
now Ei)u then lay aside their busy faces, their projects_ of 
spcculaiion and their calculations cf cent per cent ; if the 
penuil. us hard-working m.echanic would sometimes spare 
a few hours from his accustomed toil ■, if tlie scdeniary 
sallow-faced b"ck-wcrm would for a while dispeuLe wilh- 
his study ; if these men would at stattd and frequent peri- 
ods, quit their coiopting-hoiises, tlieir shops, their studies, 
a-td tbedirtv- streets of Richmond, for the enjoyments 
of cuntry iir. cf rural scenery and a disengaged mind ; 
*ouldit not releve them from that gloomy melancholy 
which frequ?;v,lv i revs upon the constitutions of otir citi- 
zen. ? Would =t not givelhema higher relish for their o- 
thc^enjnvments > And would they not re'urn to their 
wonted pursuits with rennvatedw'gor ! A similar line of 
conduct would probablv be equallv byieficial to the farf 
sex Wri-ld not a sociable ride liim^the country, by the 
tiderf her b.-Ioved help-mate, tend to lighten the domestic 
caicsof the frugal house-wife > Would not a chearfiUsce- 

I endeavour to persuade a merchant that he is already 
suiricientlv wealthy,, and that it would be to his advantage 
to allow himself a few leisure hours i— you had as welllieg 
the inan f-r his money, which he values above all other 
tl ings even his icife not excepted: " lime," saye he, " is 
••money; nay, it is moreprecious than gold; Ihadaswell 
•• throw mypropertv into ihe sea, as to mispendmy time 
•• in idleness." You stand no more chance of persuading 
him out of his prepossession, than you would, were you 
to demand of him his only dailing daughter, whom he has 
sworn to marry tone man who is not worth ,^. 20,000, and 
to marry to any Jnan wito possesses that sum. 

Although from the nature of man, it was morally im- 
possible the foregoing thoughts and schemes should 
have any effect in alleviating the miseries, in adding tolhc 
iileasures, cr in correcting the follies of society, yet they 
had an evident tendcncv in this instance to add tomy own 
pleasure, by banishing from my mnid those disagreealjle 
ideas, which it was too often wont to conten.plate.— 
I surveyed with wonder, the ingenuity, and the enterprize 
of man.' in surmounting the obstacles which nature lias ca- 
suallv placed in hiswav, when he is pursuing the road to 
weaih and ambition ; on each side of me were heaped 
immense frag-mcms of broken rocks, which no force other 
than that of destrucfive gun-powder could have dissevered 
from their kindred stock. Raising my eyes from one of 
these picturesque scenes, I perceived an ancient looking 
man advancing to meet me. At first sight I took him 
for one of those miserable heggars, who obtar.i an uncer- 
tain sustenance from tbedaily ahliscf vir'b|Oi.s and gene- 
rous souls. A nearer approach to this venerable person, 
convinced me that I was mistaken. As sooil as he came 
within hearing, he thus accosted me : •' Stranger, pity tht 
sorrows cf a p'.or i id man, and tell me whether thou has' 
seen my Sophia?" The sound of that name was su'.Hcien' 
to cast a damp \ipon my spirits; the figure, the tone of 
vfice and the haggard countenance of the person wh 
made' this enquirv, completely fro/.e up my soul ; mv 
to-.igne vefuzed to perform its omce, and I remained 
speechless; — the old man continued staring at me with a 
countenance of wild despair!- „_,j,lEY. 

c7o be continued '\ 


AMONG the dilferent methods used by parents and 
preceitors to enlighten the minds cf youth, noueare mere 
conducive in effecting that desirable end, than instructing 
them in the art of composiion, and exciting them to 
communicate their reflections and sentiments to each other 

rally believed 'hat the conversatior 
lien tends greatly the man- 
nd strengthen the nnilLv^nindiH'^' c 1 
An deny that the comm unit- t' i"it oi 
not contribute to their ioftunailon 
far grea'er degree. It is a com. 
■rvation, that too little attention is 
in in Virginia, as Avell as in mosi 
men imagine, that an ac- 
ith household business, should constitute thi 
whole system of female instruction : others sujij^ose, tha 
it mav be proper for them to learn to read and even t( 
jritea little, but that any farther advancement in litera 
ture entirely4ncapacitates them for discharging the dutie: 
of domestic life. 

Few men will admit (because there are few w ho are nr 
blinded by ungenerous and absurd iirejudice) that the fr 
qually susceptible of improvement—'- 

in writing. It is ge 
of polite and sensibl 
ners, refine the taste, 

youth ; No pcrsri 

ideas by writing, do 
and improvement in 
ro.on and very just ohse 
paid to female educatii: 
ether parts of America 

their own. To those' who doubt the fact, I need only 
mention the names of Lady Wortly Montagu, Hellen Ma- 
ria 'Wntliains and Anna SSward ; let my countrymen pe- 
ruse the amusing and valuable works of these female wri- 
ters ; lef me then ask theitihow many of themselves can 
write like these ladies ! How many of the decryers of fe- 
male genius are there, who possess equal taste, judgtnem 
and information with Lady Wortly Montagu ? I believe 
I shall answer ihe question correctly, when I declare it as 
my opinion, that taking '.hese pedantic gentlemen collec- 
tively, we should not find one in ten thousand -who would 
bear a fvacurable comparison with that captivating autho- 
ress and accomplished lady. I wish to arouse the attention 
of your female readers to the engaging attractions of lite- 
rature. An enlightened Editor, in speaking of the Minerva 
has asked, •• ■\Vhy mav not the female pen contribute to 
•' the beauty of a wrrk so peciUiarly devoted to female 
" improvement ?".. ..I repeat the interrogatory. 

Shockffi-Hill, SeptemberSrth. 

In this city on the 2Sih instant, Mrs. M'Cn aw, consort 
ofSAMCEt M'Cea.-;v, Ess.- Attomty at Isvr. 


Extracts from London papers to August 11 A lettet 

from the Hague says, that most of the troops 
in the Texel are disembarked, and the provisions collectetl 
there for their use, are disposed of by public auction. Froiil 
these occurrences it is concluded, that no expedition of 
any consequence will sail from that part of ihe Bataviail 

Republic, atl-ast until a landing is made in England. ■ 

It is reported that the scheme to make Jersey and Guern- 
sey a bridge over to England, is now revived. Late ac- 
counts from France state, that every thing is in complete 
readiness for tiie invasion. Bonaparte, accompanied by- 
the Minister of M.irine and several other o;licers of thrf 
Empire, had left Faris for Boulogne, where it was said 
he would remain until the expedition sailed. It is con- 
fidently asserted, says a London paper, '•that a treaty haa 
been concluded between this country and Russia, and that 
it was signed by Lord Hatrowby and count Woronzow, 
previous to his.majesty*s going down to the house of Lords. 
We are inclined to think that the article was rathera pro- 
ject of treaty than a treaty itself." The event of a spee- 
dy war between Russia and France appears almost inevi- 
table. The former was inaking g;-eat preparations for 
hoslilities in the Baltic and Black Seas. The Emperoc 
Alexander had refused to acknowledge the emperor Na- 
poleon : and had lately been lavish of his favours to Louis 

XVIII. Sthis encouragement totheFrench Loyalists ■ 

General Moreau was still in Barcelona the middle of July, 

where he had been joined by his Lad-.'. Dispatches 

from captain Oliver off Havre, contain intelligence of the 
renewal of the bombardment of that town. The hbuses ?c 
shipping are stated to have been considerably damaged, 

Late accounts state, that 20,000 men had marchett 

From Cape Francois, on the 1st of August, as a reinforce- 
ment against the city of St. Domingo. 


All extract of a letter from Natchez, dated 24th Aug. 
:;i>s, ••There has been a barditt.iin the neighbourhood oi 
Ba) on Rarah, on the South of the line, the object of whom 
■.^■at to plunderunder preteoce of giving frced-m to West 
Florida. They made an attempt to sur| rise the fort of 
Batjn Rcge, but being now driven by the niiiitia into the 
Mij,ii>.s ppi territory tliey feel themselves at home andper- 
;e tlv at ease, as the magistrates do not give themselves 
.1: y -rouble, alth'ugh many of them vent in arms from 

icnceto attcck the Spanish government." An ex- 

ract of a letter frttm Gibraltar, dated lulv 22, says. "We 
iiave sold our Flour at 18 dollars pe- b-artel. The general 
faiUn-c of crops in Spain, has ca.ised this sudden ri-^e in 
he price ; and the Barbary po-wersliave];rohibited 'he ex- 
ponation cf this article. FiSh aie at 5 to.6do!is. and dull; 
Rice, r to 8 dolls. ; pipe staves leOdrlis. perM. ; India-i 

Corn, none at Market." It may bejudged of what 

cn.equence the capture of Surrinani is to the English, 
wr.en letters from Fr.imatibo, to a re.t-pectable house aE 
Ainsterdam, say, that at ,;he arrival of theEnglishin that 
colonv, it contained coffee enough to load 800, and sugar 
eiough to fill 4000 1-arge West Indiamen, not including 

o.her productions, as cotton, rum, &c We are sorr/ 

to learn, says a New York paper, that the yellow fever 
prevails to a considerable degree in the city of New Or- 
leans. Two of the crew of the Polly, arrived at Philadel- 
phia, on Monday morning at the Lazaretto, have fallen 

vie ins to it on their passage. ■ A tolerable idea may 

be formed of the nature of the insurrection, as it is term- 
ed, in West Florida, from the following facts. Mr.Kem- 
rer. the leader of the associ;ition, was for some time in 
he service cf Mr. Smith of Tennessee, to whom he be. 
(a lie indebted to a considerable amount. Being prose- 
cuted, he fled to Florida, where at the head of thirty men 
he raised the standard of revolt. These are the circuii-'- 
sances attendiligan occurrence which it is attempted to 

mt.gnify into vast importance. Some idea may be 

formed of the force and violenceof the late storm fi-om the 
traces which it has left at Cockspur. On that island not 
a vestige of the former buildings is remaining, and the 
surface is much below its former height. A cannon which 
weighed 4S001bs. was carried thirty or forty feet from its 
position. Abar of lead weighing 3001bsw-as carried one 
hundred feet ; cases of Canister shot were carried from 
100 to 200 feet, and muskets are scattered all over the I- 



(rj» THOSE Gentlemen nxh-i have been kind enough to re- 
ceive subscriptions for " The Virginia iVagazine .■ or Month- 
ly Miscellany," arc reqtiesled toreturnli'ts of such names a*- 
they have been able to obtain, so soon as c.mvcnient, as the 
■first nuKiber will certainly maie its appearance on l«e frse 
day of Decembt' next. There '.mil be at least om^ elegant 
copper-piate et^raving attached to each number. 

Riclnnond, October 1, 180*. 

7. DIXON. 







KOW night's sullen noon spreads her mantle around, 
And menacing thunders roll solemn in air, 

Amanda's sad accents the woodland resound, 
Dark niouittains re-echo these plaints of despair ! 

<• See now the gloom deepens, thcnide tempest roars, 

A nd loud the rough north wi^d howls through the expanse, 
Old Ocean, hoarse murmuring, lashes the shores. 
And phantoms cf night o'er the wild desert dance ! 

The prominent cliff, that impends o'er the flood. 
Responds to the omnious scream of the owl, 

Qrim wolves rave infuriate, through the dark wood^ 
Their orgies, nocturnal, discordantl/ howl ! 

Here, pensively straying, I'll climb the tall steep, 
AV'hilc night's leaden scepire bids nature repose. 

From the brow of the precipice plunge in the deep. 
And thus put an end to my numberless woes. 

In the gay morn of life, surely none was more bless'd. 
To the blithe songof ]>leasure I danc'd o'er the green, 

Of iun"cence, beaufy and far'.une possess'd. 
While sportive festivity hail'd me her queen. 

To solace my parents, my pleasing employ, 

Theirlife'.s rugged passage with flow'rets to strew, 

Amanda their hope, and A-.m.^^da their iov. 
Her happiness all that tJiey wish'd for below. 

Thus fifteen fa'r summers roH'd swiftly away. 
Ere Dian, base deceiver, to ruin me strove. 

Ere Cleon, false-hearted, but witty and gay. 
First melted my heart to the raptures of love. 

S]>ring, .sweetly luxuritrnt, deck'd the gay lawn, 
Tlie dew-drop, nectari jus, bespangled the grove. 

When Ci.EON firat met me, one b?airifiil moi-n. 
With trembling solicitude whisj^er'dof love ! 

His person was graceful, his manners refin'cl, 
A pupil of Chesterfield. easy and fie;, 

aw iii|,h.'sdavkesr gloom, not so daik as his nt::,i. 
Not "half so deceitful yon treacherous sea. 

With ej-es berttning rapture he swore to be true," 
" Can cru IrS^ dweH with a Cherub so fair. 

Will you niakenie unhappy, who live but for you. 
Ah, why will you drive a fond youth to despait- 1** 

" With fata! success were his s'ratagems pU'd, 

T ■ ruin a blooming and innocent maid, 
Full ofte.i he promis'd to make me his bride. 

But basely tieserted the nymph he betray'd. 

The news to my parents convey'd sad surprise, v^ 
Oppress'd w ith keen atiguish they tore their grsy Iiaii 

Till pitying death clos'd their sorrowing eyes. 
But Left me a prey to the pangs of despair ! 

Jmpell'd by rude frenzv, I wander'd from home, 

That h->ine, once delighlful, *here once I was blest, 

Now indigent, hopeless, distracted I roam. 

Till Death's cold embrace lull my sorrows to rest. 

But, hah ! the wild horrtirs of madness return, 
•To rive every nerve in my treinulous fiaii*. 

Forbear my pain'd head an/ longer to burn. 

Cease, anguishing heart, to enkintlle the flame ! 

Bear louder, ye winds ! spread destruction around 1 
Let thuntl.■r^,l.^v,d bellowing, shake the firm pole. 

Let earthqtiakes impel, e'en the s'.-.ttddering ground 
To mimic the passions w hich torture my soul .'^ 

Ah ! Cleon, thru false, tiiou perfidious swain. 

My spectre shall haunt thee in nighr'ssilemn gloom I 

She spoU^', and precipitant plungVi in the main, 
And a rciiuicm sought in the coldwac'ry tomb. 

On a Lady, vbo beat her Husband. 
Come hither. Sir John, my picture is here, 
What think ynu. my 1. ve, don't it strike you 
1 cai-.'t sa.- it dnes just at dear. 
But 1 think it soon will, its so like you. 

Whene'er you marry, to his son, 

A knowing father said, 

1'ake, for .hy losing helpmate, on« 

I'ich widow or rich maid j 

For atty wife m;;y turn out ill, 

Btu, gud ! the tnuney never wiU. 

[TLefolliming fathetk Tale is extracted from tkc •• Man of 
Feeling," ttr/rten Ay Henry Mackenzie, Est^. authorof 
the '• Man of the World," &c. — This is the boot spolen so 
highly of in the Biography of that gentleman, which we 
have concluded in our paper of to-day. We anticipate the 
pleasure which some of our subscribers will eryoy in the pe- 
rusal nf this affecting episotlc. — Header I Jf thy breast be 
net inaccessible to the feelings of co^npassion ; if thy soul 
containone drop of the " mili cf human kindness," prepare 
to shed a sympathetic tear at the shrine of sensibility.'] 


OF those things called sights in London, which etery 
sranger it; supposed desirous to see, Uetllam is oiic. To 
that place, therefore, an acquaintance of HaHey's a'"'-T 
having actloiTipanied him to severarntliershtr/s, proposed 
a visit. Harlej- objected to it, ■' because," said ic, •' I 
think it an inhumtin practice to expose the gioatest mise- 
ry with which our nature is afdicted, to every icRc visitant 
who can afford a triHing perqaisite to the W eper ; especi- 
ally as it is a distress which the hufii^ine must see with the 
painful reflection that it is not in his -jiower to alleviate 
it." He was overpowered, however, by the selicitati">:is 
of his friend and the other persons of the party (ainonc^st 
whom were several ladies ;) and tin y went in a body to 

Their conductor led them first to the dismal mansions 
of those w^ho art in the .nost horrid state of incurabie maJ- 
ncss. The clanking ofchains, thewildncss of thcircries, 
and the imprecations which some of thet^i utte»*_d, fortrKd 
a scene inexpressibly shoc!;iiig. Harley and his compa- 
nions, es])ecially the female part of theui, begged the 
guitle to return : he seetned surprised at their uneasiness, 
aad was with dilViculty prcviileti on to leave that part of 
the house without showing them sonie others ; who, as 
he expressed it lA tlie jjhrase of tliose that keep wild 
beasts for sliew, were much better worth seeing than any 
they had passed, being ten times piore fierce and unma- 

He led them next to t'uat quarter where those reside, 
who, as they are not dangerous to themselves or others, 
enjoy a certain degree of freedom according to the state of 
tlteir distemper. 

Harley had fallen behind his, cotnpanions, looking at a 
m?n, who was makitig pendulums with bits of thread, and 
l=r.le balls of clav. He had delineated a segment of a cir- 
cle ,;n the wall with clitd,'., and marUed their diflerent vi- 
biT-tions, by intersecting it with cross lines. A decent 
loolcing man came up, r.nd smiling at the i.naniac, turned 
to Harley and told him, that gentleman had once been a 
celebrated mathematician. " He fell a sav-rifice," saidhe, 
'* to the Ihfory of comets ; for having with infinite labour, 
formed a table on the conjectures of Sir Isaac Newton, he 
was disappointed in the return of one of those luminaries, 
and was very scon after obliged to be placed here by his 
friends. If you please to follow me. Sir," contintted the 
stranger, *' I believe I shall be able to give you amoresa- 
tisfactoty account of the unfortunate people yott see here, 
than the matl who attends your companions." Harley 
bov^^cd, andaccepted his olier. 

The ne.xt person they came up to had scrawled a variety 
of f.~ttres on a piece of slate. Harley had the curiosity to 
take a nearer view of thein. They consisted of diiferent 
crlumns. on the top of which were marked South-Sea an. 
nulties, India-stock, and three percent, annuities consoi. 
"This," saidHarley's instructor, "was a gentleman well 
known in Chatige-alley. He was once worth f.fty thou- 
satid pounds, and had actually agreed for the purchase of 
an eitate in the West, in order to realize his ntoney ; but 
he quarrelled with the proprietor about the repairs of the 
garden-wall, and so returned to town to follow his old 
trade of stock-jt.bbing a little longer i when an unlucky 
fluctuation of stock, in which he was engaged to an im- 
mense extent, reduced hiin at once to poverty and to mad- 
ness. Poor wretch ! he told me t'other day, that against 
the next ]iavment of differsnces, he should be some hun- 
dreds above\ plum." 

•' It is a spondee, and I will maintain it," interrupted a 
voice on his left hand. This nsrertion wai followed by a 
very rapid recital cf some verses from Homer. •' That 
figure," said the gentleman, " whose clothes are so be- 
daubed with snuff, was a schoolmaster of some reputati- 
on : lie came hither to be resolved of soine doubts he en- 
tertained concerning the genuine pronunciation of the 
Greek vowels. In his highest fits, he makes frequent men- 
tion of one Mr. Bendey. 

" But delusive ideas, Sir, are the motives of the great- 
est part of mankind, and a heated imagination the pow- 
er by which their actions are incited : the world, in the 
eye of a philosopher, may be said to be a madhouse." "It 
is true," answered Harley, " the passions of men are tem- 
porary madnesses ; and sometimes very fatal in their ef- 

" Frotn Macedonia's madman to the Swede" 

•• It wasindeed," saidthe stranger, " a very mad thing 
in Charles, to think of adding so vast a country to his do- 
minioiu ; th»t would liHve be«n fatal indeed ; th« bAl»nce 

of the North wculd then have been lost : but the Sultan 

and / would never have allowed it." Sir !" said liar- 

ley, with no small su,] rise on his countenance. " Why, 
.^es," answered the o.her, " the Sultan and /; do yotj 
know me ! I am the Chan ofTartary." 

Harley was a good deal struck by this discovery! he 
had prudence enough, however, to conceal his amazement 
and bowing as l.nv to the monarch, as his dignity requir- 
ed, left him immediately, and joined his companions. 

He found them in a quarter of the house set a- 
part for the insane of tlte other sex, seveial of whom had 
gtithered about the fetiiale visitors, and were examining, 
with rather more accuracy than might have been expected, 
the particulars of their dress. 

Separate from the rest stood one, whose appearancehad 
somethttv;,.! sui^ttior dignity. Her face, though pale and 
wasted, \v..j li'ii squ^iii than tliose of the others, and 
sl>,>wcla d^-jtc-iono'f that d.-cent kind, which moves our 
(lit), unmn -awith Ijorror : upon her, therefore, the eyej 
ol all were immeJiatcly turned. The keeper, who accom- 
panied them, ol>^er»edi£ ; •• This," Said he, " is a young 
lady.jsho Wis b in ta ride in her coach and six.' She 
w ~A vcd, if the story 1 have heard is true, by a young 
gertlcmau, her equal ,n birth, though bv no means her 
match in butl-jve, they say, is blind, and so .she 
fancied hiinai much as he did her. Her father, it seems 
would not hear of the-r marriage, and threatened to turn 
her out of liuc-rs, if ever ihe .■.aw him again. U].on this 
the young gentlcniaii took a iwage to the West Indies, in 
hopes o! lie.lcringliisfortutie, and ob.aining his mistress; 
but he v/as scarce lar.ded, when he was seized with one of 
those fevers which are common in those islands, and di- 
ed in a few days, lamented by every that knew him. 
Tht!, news soon rcichcd his mistress, who was at the same 
time pressed by her fa her to marry a rich miserly fellow, 
who w as old enough to h2 her grandfa;her. The dta hof 
her lover had no elfect mi her inhuman parent : he was 
only the more camesl for her marriage with the man he 
had provided lor her ; and what between her desp.iir at 
the rieath of the ore, and her aversion to the other, tho 
])Oor young lady was reduced to the condition you see 
her in. Btit God would not prosper such cruelty ; her 
father's aliairs soon after went to w reck, and he died al- 
ii.ost a beggar." 

Though this story was told in very plain language, it 
had particularly attracted Harley's notice ; he had given 
it the tribute of some tears. The unfortunate young la- 
dy had till nov/ seemed entranced in thought, with her 
eyes on a little .garnet ring she wore on her finger ; she 
turned them now upon Harley. " My Billy is no more 1" 

said shf, •• dr. yen wfcj. fo..- r.v. BMly ! Blevsinso,,,, your 
tears! X wot.ld weep too, but my brain is dry ; and it 
burns, it bttrns. it burns '." — She drew nearer to Harley. 
" Be cotrttorted, young lady," said he ** your Billy is in 
heaven." — •* Is he, iudet d ' and shall we meet again .' and 
r.iiall that frightful man (pointing to the keeper) not be 
there? — Alas! lam grown naughty of late ; I have al- 
iti'jst ft rgotten to think of Heaven ; yet I pray son^etimes; 
when I can, 1 pray, and sometimes I sing ; when I am 
saddest, I sing : — You shall hear me — hush ! 

*' Light be the earth on Billy's breast, 

*• And green the sod that wraps his grave !" 

There was a plaintive wildness in the air not to be with- 
stood ; and, e.xcejjt the keeper's there was not an unmois- 
tened eye around her. 

*« Do you wee]) again !" said she : " I would not have 
you weep : you are like my Billy : you are, belit ve me ; 
just so he looked when he gave me this ring ; poor Billy ! 
'twas the last time ever vvc met ! — 

"'Twas when the seas were roaring — Hove you for re- 
sembling my Billy; but I shall never love any man like 
him " — She s'rcched out her hand to Harley ; he jtressed 
it between both his, and bathed it with his tears. — '• Nay, 
that is Billy's ring;" said she, " you cannot have it, in- 
deed, but here is another, look here, which I plaited tu-day 
of sotne gold thread fri'in this bit of stuH'; will y< u I.eep 
it for my sake ! I am a strange giil ; — but my heari is 
harmless : my poor heart ; it wilt burst some day ; feel 
how it beats !" She press'd his hand to her bosom, then 
holding her head in the of^ — • Har..^ ! 
one, two, three ! be quiet, thou little trembler ; my Billy 
is cold ! — but I had f >rgotien the ring." — She put it on his 
finger. -•-*• Farewell ! I must leave you now." — She 
would have withdrawn her hand; Harley held it to his 
lips. — " I dare not stay longer; my head throbs sadly ; 

farewell." She wallied with a hurried step to a little 

apartment at some distance. Harley stood fixed in asto- 
nishment and pity : his friend gave money to the keei>er. 
— Harley looked on his ring. — He put a couple of guineas 
itito the man's hand; " Be kind to that unfortunate." — 
He burst into tears, and left them. 




*. — " Thb Mt-jebva" will be neatly printed, Ife 
weekly, on a hair-ihec: Super-Uoyal pajjvr. jfc 

1[j 2t1. — The term?? are TWO DOLLAuspsr annum to U 
I lie paid in ailvancc. 1^ 

I * 

9 3d. — A handsmne t'r.'.e-plqsaiid t.-ible nf c/ir.tcpts ,% 

S willi)tffjr.i;i.h'td (ijrit'f) aithe canipletibn of eacli ||( 

51 voluir.c." Ig 

/•.TO.>/ r^.2 EF.. DUTIES Ci- mSTORV. 


THK (jrVid \v;fe isra;e, wNr,, ever mindful rf ihe s.ilemn 
tontract which ?hc h:»*ii Ci".:£red ip'o, is s' a-td con- 
scii?niiour,Iy viriuoiis, con..^iant, and falthfol to her hus- 
bjuJ : chai'e, pure, a'lrl unMcmished, in every thought, 
worvH, avtd deed : she is liumhic and modest fr;-)m reai'in 
andconvicrinn, .snbmi :mv^' from choice, and obedient from 
inclination ; what she acquires by love and tenderness, 
sVic i>veservj5 by piudcnce and dJscreiion ; she makes it 
lier business to sen-e, and lier p!:'_SHre to oblige her hus- 
bind i conscious tha; every thi.ig that promotes his happi- 
r.csn, must in th^ end, c'^.TKbute to her own : her tender- 
ress relieves his can.', Iior affection softens his distress, 
her ffood-hurnourand coi^iplacency lessen and subdue his 


I.UCRETI.Vwasahdvof ff'cat beauty and noble eT- 
traction : she married Calla'inus, a r,'liiion of Tarqui.iius 
Sujierbus, kiu.^of Uoo-.e. During the sie.'Je of Anlea, 
which lasted much longrr than was e.vpec.ed, the young- 
princes jjassedtlieir time inentcrtain-nents and diversions. 
Once as they were ai: siipDer, at Sescuis Tarqain'.s the 
l .i.. i y T . rfjCT.y,,»f,TrW-rHWfl;ia;,-l:,;!CTetT«Vbi^irani;, tl,< ' 
Conversation turned on the merit of their wives: everyone 
gave his own the preference. " VViiat signif,' so nianv 
words !" says CoUa'.inus ; " you inav in a few hours, if 
you please, be convinced by your owt;e;.cs,howmuoh my 
Lncreiia excels the ttf. M'e sie yonug-: I-t us miiunt our 
hor.eB,andKoand svtrprise them. NoLhingcaiibcter de- 
cide our dispufc; than ilic state we shaH find them in at a 
time when most certainly tliey will not e.\pect us."Tliev 
were a Utile -.vanned bi wine: "Come on, lei us go," 
they all cried togethe.-. Tliey rjuickly galloped to Rome, 
■which was about twenty riiilcs^irom Ardea, where thpv 
find the princesses, wives rf the young Tatoui-,-.s, surround- 
ed with cmipany, and every einnimstance of ilie highest 
mirth and pleasure. Frjm thence they r.odc to Coil'atia, 
where they saw Lucrctia iti a very dilVerent situ-iiiou. 
Wrhhcrmaids about her, she was at work in the inner 
part of her house, talking on the dangers to whichher hus- 
band was exposed. The viciory w as adjudged to her inia- 
nimoitEly. Shcrcceived her gUests with all possible polite- 
ness and civility. Lugre--ia's virtue, which should have 
commanded respect, was the very thing which kindled in 
the breast of Sextils Taiquin a strong and detestable passi- 
on. Within a few days he recurned to Collatia, and upon 
the plausible excuse he for his visit, he was received 
whh all the poll encss due to a near relation, and the eldest 
son of a king. Watching the finest opportunity, he de- 
cl.tres the passion sne had excited at his Last visit, and 
employed the most tender intreaiies, and all the art'iilces 
pnss-ble, to touch a 'voman'sheait ; but all to no puqiose. 
llCih n endeavoured to extort her compliance hv the most 
terrible thrcatenings. I. was in vain. She still persisted 
in ner resr.Uition j nor cotild she be moved, even by the 
fearoldeah. Bu', when the monster told her that he 
would first dispatch her, and then having murde~ed a slave 
M-ould lay liini by iter side, after which he would sjiread a 
report, that having caught them in the act of adultery, he 
liitd punished them as they deserved ; this feemed ' to 
ihake her resolution. She hesitated not knowing which 
of these dreadful ahernatives to take, whether, by consent, 
ing to dishonor the bedof her husband, whom she tender, 
ly loved ; or, by refusing, to die under the odious ch-trac. 
'er of having pros.ituted her person to the lust of a s'ave 
He saw the struggle of her soul : and seizing ihe unlucky 
moment, obtained an inglorious conquest. Thus Lucre- 
lia s virtue, which had been proof a.vjainst the fearofdea'h, 
could no: hold out against the fear of infamy. The young 
prince, liavmggra-dKed his passion, returned home as in 

On themorrow.I.iicretia, overwhelmed with grief and 
d-spau-j feru early in the morning to desire her father and 
horhusoandto cometoi-.erand bring wiih them each a 
wustyiricnd.asturini- '''em iliere wai uo tim« to loose, 

:anie withall Sjietd, the one accompanied with ^^a- 
lerius, (so famous after under the name of Publicola) and 
the o.lur M ith Brutus. The moment she saw them come, 
she could not command her tears ; and when her husband 
^ .asked herif all was well : " By no means," said she, " it 
, cannot be well with a woman who has lost herhonoiir. Yes, 
j Ciillitiuus, thy bed has been deliled by a stranger; bnt f 
am only polluted ; my mind is innocent, as mv death 
s.i. 11 witness. Promise me oiilv, not to suffer the adid- 
te-.-tr to go unpunised : it is Se! Tarquinius, who last 
1 night, treacherous guest, or ratlier cruel foe, offered me 
yiotesee, and rcppeda jovfa-^! »; '^ui if are nicn, 
it will be still niore fatal to him." v< I! promised to revenge 
her : and, at the same time, tried to comfort her with re- 
presenting, " That the mind only sin3, not the body ; and 
where tlie consent is wan'ing, there can b- no gu-l- " 
•• yVhat Sexius deserves," replies I.upetia, - I leave von 
to jnd^e : but fn- me, though Id-dare myself innocent of 
the < ri:Tie, I exempt not myself frrn punishment. No 
nrmo.,-st woman shall plead LucrSSa's example to out- 
live her dishonor.'; Thus saying, «he plunged into her 
breast a d.ijjer she had concealed under her robe, and c-:- 
pircd at their feet. 

Lncretia's tragical d.-ath has b-en praised and extolled 
by Pagan writers, as the highest and most noble act of he- 
roism. The gospel thinks iiol so : it is munlcr, even ac 
coRUng to Lncretia's own principles, since she punislied 
witli death an innocent person, at least acknow!ed?--d as 
sur.h by herself. She was ignorant that our life is^iiot in 
our ownpower, but in his disposal from vFhom wereceive 

■ "''' '-jMaaT' "'*''' '^^'■'f"".^ examincj, in his book Ds ei- 

.siderfTra?<fris'a<couragcous action, flowing from a true 
love of cliastiiy, but as an inlirmity of a woman too sensi- 
ble of worldly fame anil,glory ; and who, from a dread of 
apjieoi-ihg in the eyes on»cn an accomplice of the violence 
the abhon-ed, and of a crime to v.-hich she was entirely a 
stranger, commits a real crime upon herself voUintarily & 
designedly. Hut what cannot be su.liciently a.dmired in 
■hit Roman lady is her abhorrence ofadtUtery, which she 
seeiu« to hold so dM«Ma!-l^as not,*.-! , b.„- r -he 'hougt.--. of 
it. In this sense, she is a noble e.\an-ip:e for all her s;x. 




Wife of the Governor of Fort Long^.vav, in the Depart- 
ment of Moselle. 
Taken jnm M Du Broza's Ar.ccJ.iies of complamis fcmaU 
charucteis niiho suffered fri/ni the resolution in France. 

THE be'autiful and accomplished Madame Lavergnc 
had been married but a short time to AI. Lavergne, Co- 
lor of Lr.ngway, when that town surrendered to th» 
ssians ; but in two months afterwards was retaken bv 
the French, and the Governor arrested, and sent prison^'r 
to Paris, without being permitted to enjoy the societ-,- of 
his amiable wile. Though M. Lavergne was at th-at time 
upwanls of si.xty, and Madame had scarcely attained a 
third of that age, yet the sweetness of his disposition ami 
the superiority of his abilities, had excited in her bosom 
the liveliest tenderness and esteem ; and she determined 
not only to follow him to the capital, but to exert every 
faculty she possessed to ob'ain the preservation of his life 

" The dreadful epoch of the revolution had already arri- 
ved, w-hen the scaffold was daily reeking with the blood t f 
those victtms whom savage cruelty had unjustly slain, and 
M. Lavergne hourly expected his would aiigincnt the san- 
guinary stream ! The horrors of the prison, and the 
damps of a dungeon soon produced the most alarming ef- 
fects on his healih:yet his amiable wifeconsidered it afor- 
tunate circumstance, conceiving they would not bring him 
to trial m .so debilitated a state. A pelrious disease, she 
imagined, w-ould prove a present safeguard, and time and 
e.xertion bring the wished for relief > Vain expectation ; 
his name appeared on the list from which no appeal could 
save him, and the ill-fated sufferer -was doomed to at- 

■' Madame Lavergne was no sooner made acquainted 
with this decision, than she presented herself before the 
committee of ge«eral safety. With a countenance expres- 
sive of the anguish of her ifeelnigs, and her eyes stream- 
ing with apprehensive tears, she demanded that her hu.. 
band's trial should be delayed until he had regamed his t.i- 
culties by a restoration-of health ; assuring them he was 
not in a state to coiffronthis accusers, ;is disease had im- 
paired hit r«Mon umuch at bis ttrensth. 

™r,r,„i " 1 V ('*''' ''" ^S°"'sed wife of La- 

lergne) such an uniorlunote being as I have described 
dragged before a tribunal that decides upon life, and death' 
Z^Al 7"°" abandons him, canhe undertand the charges 
alledged against him > Or can he have power to declare W J 
innocence, wliose bodily suUerings are now ihrea ei,ioo-m 
terminate his life! Will you, ot ! citizens of F^nctfaU 
a rnan to trial while in a phrenzy of delirium ' Will voa 
summon him, who perhaps at this moment isexpiriig"" 
the bedofpain, to hear that irrevocable sentence which 
adniitn no medium between liberty and -he scaffold — 
And if you unite humanity and justice can you suffef 
T^mIa ""'1—^' "'"'' words every eye was directed 
to Madame Lavergne, whose youth and beauty, contrast- 
ed with the idea ol an aged and inHrm husband, gave rise 
to very different emotions in the breast of the tnembers 
oJ the committee, from those which she so eloouenth-en 
deavoured to inspire , and they interrupted her speech 
with the most indecent jests, and the coarsest raillery. 
One of the niembers with a scornful sigh, assured her, that 
young and handsome as she was, it would not be so diffi- 
cult as she appeared to imagine, to find means of conso- 
lation for the loss of a husband, who in ,he common course 
of nature had ctmipletcly lived out his time—Another of 
them equally brutal, -4i,d still more ferocious, added that 
the fervor with which she pleaded the cause of her bus- 
band, vas unnatural excess, and therefore the committee 
couia not attend to her petition. 

•■ILirror, indignation and despair, took postession of 
the uiuortuiiate Madame Lavergne's soul. She heard the 
purest and most;ed affections for one of the worthi- 
est ol men, condemned and vilified as a degrading appe- 
tite. She had been wantonly insulted, whilst demand:n» 
justice by the administrators of the law ; and she rushed 
ni s. ence from those inhuman monsters, to hide the aeo- 
ny that almost burst the heart. 

" One ray of hope still rose to chase the gloom of deen 
despondency away. Dumas, one of the judges of the tri- 
bun-al, she had known in former times ; him therefore, sh» 
resolved to seek, and in spite of the antipathy wh^ch his 
present actions had inpsired, implore him to let the trial be 
uelayert. In all the agony of increasing apprehension, she 
threw ntTcolf at this inflc.ibh irumster's lect, used ..11 ,h. 
arguments suggested by affection, only to have the fa. 
tal hour delaved. Dumas replied, that it did not belong to 
him to gt-at't the favor she solicited ; neither should he 
choose to inake such a request of the tribunal ; and then 
increasing the bitterness of disappointment by the inso- 
e i-e of sarcasm, he enquired whether it was so great a 
imslt rtune to be delivered from a troublesome husband of 
sixty, whose d -ath -ivonid leave her at liberty to employ 
her youthhil charms more usefully to the state I 

"Such art iteration of insult roused the unfortunat* 
witc ot Lavergne to desperation. She shrieked with an- 
gmsh too insupportable to bear: and rising from the pos- 
tiiieof supplica-ion, she extended her out stretched arms 
fo heaven, and in aphrenzied voice exclaimed, "Just 
i»od ! will not the crimes of thefe atrocious men awake 
thy vengeance !go, mrnster! she cried, atldresstng herself 
to Dumas, I no longer want ihy aid : no longer will 1 
deign ti3 supplicate thy pity ! away to ftie tribunal ; there 
vvill I aiso appear : then shall it be known, whether 1 de- 
st rv the outrages thou and thy base associates have bean- 
ed t pon my head. *^ 

" Frim the presence of the odious Dumas, and -with 
a fi.-.etldeteniination to quit a life that had now become 
ha-etu! to her, Madame Lavergne repaired to the hail of 
the tribunal, and mixing with the motle.- croud, waited 
imi atiently for the hour of trial. The barbarous proceed 
nigs of the day begin, and the unfortunate Lavergnes cal- 
led ! The jailors convey him thither on a matrass, and a 
few trifling questions are proposed, to -which with d^Ci. 
<:ulty he replies, when the mock trial closes, and the ill- 
fated Governor is doomed to die ! 

" Scarcely had the sen'ence passed the Judge's lips 
when Madame Lav'ergne cried out with a hud voice Five 
la Jfoi .' In vain the surrounding multitude cntleavoured 
to prevent the sound ; for the more they tired to deaden 
its cxtenbi.-n, the more vehement her cries ; and she con- 
tinued exclaiming Vive la Sol till the guard forced he- 

"So great had been the interests ivhich the distress of thie 
amiable young woman had excited, that she wasfollotved 
to the place of confinement by a numerous throng, who 
anxiously endeavoured to avert the fate which awaited her 
by an attempt to drown her cries. 

" When the pulilic accuser interroguted her upon th» 
motives of her extraordinary conduct, she informed him 
she was not actuated either by revenge or despair, but by 
loyalty which was rooted in her heart. — I adore, cried she, 
the system th?t you have destroyed ; and I evpect nomer. 
cy from you, for I am your enemy. I abhor vour republic, 
and will persist in tilt souftstion I Uive ijublicly made.a* 
lon£ as I lire. 



For 1804. 

-b-.u MaiaMie 

" Tt this Ueclarntioii n»rci)lvwis in 
Livr^ne's nan.-wasi.^ n W adaej to th? jii,pec-eJ 
isr.andia at*.** ni'iuei she was br^uj'.i: before the tri- 
buaal whjre she u-«eivj her own coiidem la'ion, and was 
decreed to die. From that instant the a^iratioii of her 
iid;J; sjrenity appeared t:) have re-pissessei 
_ lit I h:r beiu-ifal c>u.ue:iaacc aiinouiiced the 

peafe a-idca;nf.>r of her soul. 

•' O t the di.* of c.<eci4-ion. Ma lame Laverj^ne first as- 
cended the fatal cart, and rcquei'.cd rliat she might be 
jilacid in i posi ion to view her liusband's face ; that u;i- 
fcrttmate husband Ij-id fallen in'oa s-v-niu and la/ ex'end- 
td upon a :ruii» -^f 5Ta\v with lU' th"? sii^htes' appearance 
..flife. The motion oi". he car. haJl.ior.eii.-d the bjsom of 
hisshir:, aildcxposed his braast to -ne sc >rcliing rays ofa 
vertical sun, wltich the amiabk- wife perceiving, anrreated 
t:i; e\ecuiiontr t ■ take a pm fnm her handkerchief and 
u.iiie his shirt — Madame Lavergnc's attention was never 
for one niomriitdif^fcted from the object of her tenderness; 
and perceiving bv th» chligc of his countenance, that his 
senses revived, i.i s-:»ff acceni-. she jjronounced his nu:iic. 
A- the sound of '.hat voice, w hote melodv had ^o long been 
asTin^er 10 his eirs, he raiscil his eyes, and fixed them 
on the object of his love with a look exprjssiv^ of alarm 
and tenderness. '* Do not be'' said she, " it was 
your xaitliful wife who called. We c.iuM not live, bu: 
we shalldic together 4" The agi i:ed I.avergne biirsi in- 
to tears of graciiudfe^ and his oppretaed heart pnvn-ed 
I'orih i'Btof: sensaiious into t'nat bojom which shared all 
its siiTows ; ?.iid ihoiirh the tyrants would f.iin h.ave div;- 
dcd th2,ii, it was death that joined thrm in a Oi:t;er 

•T H S R A 1 N B \7. No. VIII. 



In the first a;^sof the world, Vice, it is said, was un- 
known among the sons- of m;n. Th^ i!jsce,;dints oi .,u.- 
iirsl jMrcits, for many geneia"ions, .sj.^nt then*dajb in li'.e 
enjoyment of thse ira iq-.i 1 and pure pleasures, which 
£:5ring from innocence ai'.d 1 ve, and f:-om ^ra,itude to the 
Bs iiiicent beings, by wh-nn ijtesc Ue^sings were bestow- 
ed. The earnr was -hea walereU uyi^MU.iierables-r^ams, 
r. id coveidd with perjje ual verdure. 'I'he forests were 
f.iled with lofiv and majestic iixics, whj.;c shade'.ed 
to mcdi:alioncrrci»)se; while on t.icir wides|»reai Lrane.a- 
fi ihefea hercdchoi.-tiiaida ed the beauiiea of iluir j.tu- 
l.ii^e, and warbl?d titr-'U^h' ul th-e tla , e'.lhcr son;^'^ of 
j...,or s,t;ciuiioni to 1 've. i\w ;ic;js uud iiicajjws 
were eiiltellislwd by countless liowors, d i;\isj,ig fiA,;rance 
tnro' tlie a.r ; and pr-duc-^a, tnoujh irjc spjn.a,.cjusly, 
in tbttiida .ce, those n.^uns.ijnjj.lru. s, w.ticn •..i^iur.ed 
b-;iaiyto women, and heal.h and h toman. Tms 
was'iiiiieed the golden age : and the ceics 'al Deings, ton 
«i Mlpiarioj the felicity %\ hich wa.; i,,ed below, ue.g.i- 
»-J somctimps to assume ah;hiia:. sh.ipe, and f jr a ti.ue, 
to jnake 'heir abode oncanh, am ,.ig tlic wi c and iiappy 
>nort;ds wlio tiicn i.ossessed h. lint af:er the Upse of iiia- 
tiy centuries, man became lirei'i' rhe pleavare^ which he 
had S3 long been permitied to enjjy. Tn.. i:).-eiTr)n of 
s-elJiShness, esCajjing from :hc guluh of Tar.atus, to 
S'^eS before, by a council of iha Gods, he ciad besa coii- 
demncd, found his w.iy to th^i.^i'a:ions of men, and 
»onn seduccd'thegrea er pai-t of ihe hu.nan race from the 
•lleg'.aiVLe which tl-,ejOV.-e.l to their ci-ie.,ir.l 
The cnomici of the invader were fir.n, -and for a long time 
niain;ai;ieJ an unequ J,- but ihey were finally ovcr- 
1> wcrcd by numbers, andaimos.. entirely do.troyed.' From 
Iha: inne, the Geds renounced all i.ite'rcourse wi'ji men ; 
»nd left the eaijth and its inhabitants, a prey to those phy- 
sical and moral evils v^hich have since never ceased to ai- 
flic! them. 

Among those who had everted themselves W oppose 
th.s humiliating rcvolution,7j-iili and Elmiucite had borne 
the most conspicuous parr. 

7ju(4 and £/o7uc;ii-e, it has been sometimes said, "■<.,»' 
hi Cflcs'ial origin. But this opinion i 
was the legitimate d.iiighter of Labor 
hiost venerable aaioHj; the -nhabiiants of the 
svorlj. Amidst 'he confusion snd crimes, which ind;iCL-d 
the Gods to abandon the earth. Labor had been seized bf 
the pjr.isans of Selfishness, beaten with many stripes, 
loaded with eh-ains, and compelled to toil fir the bc.ieiit 
«f others. M'i'.dom did not e.iperience equal cruelty, bm 
ehe was banished by a decree of the usurpers. The place 
other retreat has never ye; been tliscovered. It is said 
that her foots-cps have been sometimes traced in Europe 
and that they h.ive been distinc Iv ,>erceivcd in America ; 
bu' it seems n\os' probable, rl»a; Minei-va, who respected 
Jier virti-es and pitied her sufferings, soon procured her a 
seat in Heaven, and 'hu* jilaced her beyond the reach of 
men. who, in every ag'e,.^ndiueverv co'uiKr/, have proved 
r conduc:, their en.iic contempt for her character & 


it correct. 7Vut4 j \\'ih u. regard : , x, cti!-li c 
d V/<ra, the ^^"^ 'he s--raw-bii ir shed, t 
the Anrcd.l iSSklT- 1*"""''"*^^ l>ei ia.i-uage : 


7"' a(A has b-en the fav-iri-e of Minerva. Many of her 
anfant years she 1 adspci- under the imniedia e guardian- 
rhip ofiheG i.ld?ss. andby^ her she was irrevocibl/ con- 
firmed, in th -se pr;nclpl.?s which she had been taught by 
Jiervenerab!e parents. On herfirs actiuaimance. her coun- 
tenance seemed gloomy, Ind her manners aus-ere. Her 
convertation was generally serious, and bcr Uuguase plaia. 

■ies of pleasure, awed by lu'r loo.k, avoided her 
society; the advocates of vice tre,mbl;d in her presence; 
bu: to those who knew her well, she appeared invariably 
graceful and benevolent ; and even her worst enemies, af- 
ter a few interviews, have sometimes acknowledged the 
injustice of their first impressions, and devoted their lives 
to her service, with unalterable fidelity and zeal. 

The birth of Eiojiu^ice was not so vespeclable. She 
was the child of Enthusiasm, and on her mother's side, 
was nearly related to soine of the first families of the anci- 
ent world — to Taste, ^ancy. Sensibility, Genius, Benevo- 
lence and Virtue. Bui who her father was, is ye; unknown. 
Some have thought, that she dis(ila;.ed a strong resem- 
blance to Ambition ; others have been ct]uallv confident 
that she bt)te the features of Avttrice. But however di- 
yijedmcn migh' be a^ to her birth, ihey were u.ianinnus 
in their approbatioa of ht-rself. The expression of her 
eye, varying with every thought i the mel.>dy of her voice, 
whetlicr in persuasion or i the grace and digni- 
ty of her gestures ; herpromp; wit: her e.xte.-isive, made her tlie object of u liversal admna.ion But 
her fortune when you.i,; wtis nut so auspieious as that of 
^■"•■^ij Her mothe;, though passionately fond of her, 
soinetllnes left her. Carried away by her own contempla- 
tions, she forgo; for a tine her darling child. It chanced 
that Mercury fjund h<;r during the absence of her inother, 
and struck with the readiness of her inlaniine replies, he 
carried her away. H; recained her in his handi fora ton- 
sidei-;ible tiin?, and did not reiurn her to her mother, utitil 
he and bis friend Pro'eus h.-.d amused tbemsclvcs with 
teaching he:- some of tha aris by which they had been 
j .iccustom.-:dto impose upon mankind. The impression 
u;.on the-mind of the infant, pr.jduced by this disastrous 
I '.'vent, was not. however, immediately perceived. 
I -\\ the co-nme7KCTient of the conflict, whieh we have 
lien ianed, T>ui.i and iVo^aace were in full maturity. In 
me age '^f in it-cence they had been inseparable compani- 
t-ns. EUiqttence had imbibed from her mo,lier, the most 
ardeiit aflcci-jii for- Trufb, and "iiotwidista>".ding- her own 
•isiiiring temper, had, fora long time.vcliuuarily acted as 
hera.ienlin: and hajidma-d. Beloved by the Gods, and 
tor a bug tilfterespettcdbymen, they had e.'ierted their 
unitir-Iinfluenci; and powers, to ttvert from inankind the 
eviis with which t!i-*y foresaw their enemy designed, trea- 
cherouslj-, toovcr»hdm them. Even now.nntwirhsiaiul- 
iiig the niuiJtuieswho had .deseried, they did no; despair; 
and in tlie pivsencc, and with the ajipiobation of the GrxU, 
. who bad asscnibbd before th-ttlr final departure from the 
earth, they bxuid t.Hemselves to live in perpetual amity, 
and in the prosftcntion of ■heir labors for the good of man- 
kind, nevei- -n sairer.iny,di;;icu!tit.'sor dangers to separate 
them, Jiiiji, :ha'.\priarenl/ austere in her deportment 
andcon.<ident in hec^ijividiial strwur h, did wy disdtiin 
the a;Iiance. Tho' not convinced of its necessity, she i; mtgh; be useful. a..d wi.hout ceremony or hesita- 
tion oStre I her hand to Ehptencc as a ple-Jge of her siii- 
"et'tte seized wi:h promptitude the profTeied 
o her bosom with inimi'able 


hand of 7r'utl,, iiressed it I 

p.. -peso but to c=ll the attention of mankind to the , 
ot herfnend; of which, when her hearers were co, 
ed. they gradually lost their respect for herself, by i 
they w ere intrcduced. ' In the e.vcess of her mortification 
she one day made a pathetic complaint on ihissubiect' ill 
the hearing ot 7>yA. With the candor with which 'sic 
spoke. Truth told her, it was in vain to repine as her un 
aided talents brilliant as they were, however ti.ey might 

ve's!,w, f '/? T." l";'-'"»'«"=lr "cure forlierUie 
lesj.ect or friendship of ihe wise. Elo^^cntt mortally of- 
fended at this rep y, declared the treaty void, and setiara - 
ed herself immediately from her friend. rn„L. unmoved 
at his event, pursued steadily the same course which sh, 
bat before marked out ; but finding he.-self sometimes im 
peded in her progress for want of her former associate en 
tleavoured to recollect &adop, some of ihegracesbv which 
de hrtd been distinguished She learned, therefore in , t? 
— of time, to lay aside the awkward and negligent ph™.' 
which the was accustomed to nse, and to ev 
her sentiments, not only with the animation and 
which she had before displayed, but in lan(ruir« 
ho- plain, was always correct; selected wi-1, cire 
antlv arranged. From the first moment of sera-' 
uutb has never sought the society of £/„7,J„. 
that she does not avoid her, but she never eo... 
:r way to seek her. The aid of £.'o,.„„.« on any 
hus occurrence, is accepted, if offered, bat it is ne. 
Iwa>s content to rely upon l.ers=;f. 
i lUuly rising, and the is now 
. . .... . "^ simjtlieity of hcrmaiincrs, the 

pkunness, perspicuity nnd brevity of her discourse, ,l,e 
unsha.«u firmness of her mind, and her inconquerable 
attachment to every principle lending to p,-oraot2 tha |i! 



and elcii 

out of h. 


ver solicited. 7fi!(i 

She is right. Her credit 

known to mu'.titudef.b 

soon per. 

[jrace, and in a voice sweet as the sound of "the barn 
oneh-d by the lutnd of Apollo. congi^tubt:d herself on 
he s'jemn ra-ifica ion of acomnac!. which alone could 
J'lsity a hope hat she cjuld be useful to ih? world. The 
cele.itial audience, impressed with reverence for ihe e.valt- 
edcfiaracer .f Truth, and delighted by the charms of 
-Elopiencf, gave them .heir benediction, and departed for 


vhen they" fonned theit 

e.fec 1 

■ exalted ' 

e Tyutb and Eloquence, 

?>i«Areflecicd that this alliance would f.tcili- 
r progress, and tha; the aid of Elxfuence would more 
dlyd sns: niaikin.l, tora-'iv; tVivn lie- the.e sa- 
counsels, on which the welfare of the whole race de- 
pended. On ■ he other band, Khjume knew»*hat vicious 
as the wrrld had become, her atlinonitions unless enforced 
by herally, ;l:o' the) might be heard with pleasure, could 
uot long be regarded wi'h reverencs. 

The treaty Iwing thus formad, tlie confederates began 

'heir career together, with entire good faith. They ad- 

t^ressetl all tliey saw, and to endeavour to reclaim these, 

^BBfit'"'" ■"^"'"'I'e'". from the briuality of igno- 

■ance. anff^Brniserv of vice. Truth adhering firmly to 

jiursued an undeviating course. 

power, in the gilded palace, 

the tyrant and the slave, her 

,^...„^_.e the same. Pride alwavs 

oftended by her sincerity. Power always felt uncontroul- 

)r at her approach. They therefore combined a- 

nsul'ed licr in gross and barbarous terms, and 

olence to her pcrstni. Upon occasions like 

-.stepped forth to reECi;e friend from 

uang-r. ?,ne ' ften succeeded in appeasing the wrath of 

those who had been employed 

times convinced them thtttihe 

ship and admiration. ^^ 

In process of time, Eiofivau began to perceive tli 
herself was acting only a secondary part. Truth w: 
ways treated by their inn-ual fritnds. with l 
found respect : while which was paid 
seemed daily to be diminished — and what v 
mortifTlng. to be diminished exactly in proportion as their 
acquaintance with Trmb increased. She never faled at 
first to receive the tribute of iheir fervent admiration ; bm 
in ti.nethis admiration subsided, and in some instances to- 
laUv ilisappeared. In f ict she .liscovered that she was 
siill regarded merely as ihe handmaid of Ttutb. and that 
upon many occasions her presence was deemed not onlv 
wuiccessary, but iBconTeaiem : that sh* served no oth«'r 


gain*! her, 
often offered 
these, £/ot^e,i 

opersecue hitr, and some- 
vas worthy of their fricnd- 

cst jiro- 
II more 

bertyand happiness of mankind 

Eloquence, after she had lei-jure for reflect' 

ceived that this separation k «i„.„. 

greatly impair if not desti-oy her inHuence. She tooS 
thevcfore, the utmost care to conceal it. Even when sha 
was animated by the most desdlv ha'e, she failed not to 
proless Ihe utmost veneration lor her ancient alK- and of 
ten, availing herself of what she had learned in her infm' 
cy, assumed her appearance,- as well as her name. I-i this 
character, and m tl_iis way, she has inv-iriably imposed on 
Ignorance and credulity, and scrupled not to advccate the 
most pernicious docrines. She has not only defended er 
rors but crnncs. Influenced by ambition, or seduced br 
tivarice, she has become occasionally the advocate rf mur- 
tier, of tyranny, of persecution, war and desrlation : of e' 
very act, which injures individuals, or lays v/aste awor'-' 
T tfy ,,gr inempera.e love of fame, and fondness for 

.he v. ill- take any tide, of any question, and .'i her 
are admired, is content that herprinciplcs shall be 
,„.,l s.-^i, i5 her abandoned efiVonter., that she 
o acncunce Truth herself, as an impos- 
tor, and to claim in the name of Truth for herself, the ho- 
mage and admiration of the world. 

But this shameful prostitution of hersj.lendid talents, ir 
not without some interruption. Sometimes influenced by 
her mother's spirit, she devotes herself to the service of 
Truth, wiih the zeal and intrcjiidity cf hcranricnt friend, 
ship. Then it is that she assumes a new form. I-Ier 
voice seems more than human. Her eyes seems to flash 
with the fire of Heaven, and delivering only tlie precepts 
of Truth, she is heard with ten thousand emotions, which 
she alone is liable to describe. 

So profligate, ho-n'cver, has her conduct generally been» 
that she has excitid the general indignation of mankind •' 
an(;l unless she will be content to be agtiin the handmaiti 
oi Truth, it is said, that a petition will be speedily pre- 
sented to the Gods, praying that she may be forever bu- 
nishedfrom the earth. 



has been kn 


We have already noticed with pleasure, that the Briiish 
government in India, is actively and successfully engaged 
ig the Asia- 

in discouraging the inhuman ceremo 
tics, which v 

especially the voluntary immclaiion of \ 

neral piles of theirhusbands. I he practice is so graftc"l 
on the baibarous superstition of the country, so woven with 
lis religious tlcctrine, that altht ugh the inierferanceof the 
Erghsh has lendered it less frequent, it.will prtbaU." le- 
qune a length of time, and strong military exertion, whol- 
ly to prevent it. 

The custom is at present confined to the Brahmins ; and 
when an individual of this cast dies, his principal widow is 
deprived of her cltaracter and cast, and beccmes infamous 
il she refuses to sacrifice herself: and she is further urged 
to filicide, by an opinion, which the ])riests zealtusly In. 
culcate. that after they die in this U'anncr. they er.j.iy the 
most e.xquisiie happiness. They however, are sometimes 
w anting in resolution, and to retain life, submit to the pe- 
rallies which a barbarous custom has attached to it. In 
other cases again, a sense cf shame, and tite iqibraiding* 
cfiheir relatives, have induced them to atone for litis 
vetiknefs by deaths of aggravated pain ; one of these in- 
s'arces is iitenlior.ed, if we mistake not, by Mr. Has'lngs, 
vhfna wr man burnt herself with such bon-id, yet heroic 
deliberation, that she was three days inccnsumitigher lege 
arms, &c. before tlie vital spark was destroyed. 

At difierent f laces, ihe manner of performing this hor- 
rid cciemcny varies. In Bengal the funeral },ile of the 
butbar.d it ccatiguous lo * v.all, « ji tjijce enoush be. 




t\vcrn for a larji^ 


: faxed 

I the uall at the height of 
placed, upwards of twent)' 
I its end, for the purpose of 

i.remcny. A 1 < 1. 
the pile, in which 
iiellong, with a r 
rjirAing it o»..ul3'<:. 

After the widnw has perfnrltied her ambuiations, and 
token oB' her jewels, wliich she dia.ribmes aincngst her 
toii»paiiion«, she ascends the pile, and pros-vate, enibttc- 
ing the bed) of )ur htiiiband ; the beam is tltcii ptit in inc- 
lion, and falls so )u:aviU- upon her lo break her back, and 
deprive her of the ^n- »cr of mtvving;. The pile is then set 
en fire, and iiiar:ii: music, toii:bincd with the sh>uts of 
ll;e perjile, coniplerclv drown the groans occasioned by her 
p.gonyj while the is thus in the most perfect sense of the alive 

111 A;am, y. hen any of the FDJuhs. magistrates or prin- 
cipal men die, an immense cave ii dug for his cor])se, & 
Ids wives, servants and elephants, are likewise enioinbed 
f T his fu.nre state and convenience — provisions, lainps, 
t il, R,c. are hurie.'l with them ; b;tt .as these cemetries ara 
1.^ vev qiencd, ii has not been a: ceriained liow long the u.i- 
fcruii'a <■ voiien live: but it is prnbable that the damp 
uud wi-.i.i cf aij, sl.i-r.Iy t£rni:iiate ihi-ir 


A^Ncblciran at r^ris. a.^ked la-l/ R why it -^jas 

(jcnerally viinsrl ed abroad, that iKi^ Scfilch, who travel- 
led, w.ire men '.'f p:ir:s and learnin;;, while the English 
were j-ererally wanting in both ? Her ladyship wih btr 
usual vivacity replied, that onlv fof Is wei't ou' of England; 
but as for ^coikuid, none hnt'f.nj, would stay in it. A 
Sr-i^ch u'bit i^ian,'ler fam-'n* fr parts or learning, 
obsen'eJ.hfrbdvshi)) was rghi. with regard to the S^cotch; 
for : a.s he, 'her? a'e oHlces es .iWished in Scotland, whe.'e 
nan must apply for a passport, before he can 
itvv, and previf^us'o the granting thereof, he 
isevtmincd v. i.h regard '6 h\5 intsllocrs and educa:ion ; 
vfhich, shruld ihey n^t arrive to' tiie standard fl.\ed for 
each, no passp.'rt is granted, but he is sent back for iin- 
prfvcment ; ru a sr'-rrd applicstifni, the same form is 
obfervcd ; but should he a;)!)!v a third and then be 
fntmd warning, he is reinanded back for life. By this, 
says his I'irdthip.vourladT'hip will see, none but men of and lear-iinp'cas Ir^all ■ lr;ivc his cnunrrv. "Then," 
replied hri laJv ship, " I am siive^'ou^' Lonkbip viai smug- 

le.-ve ih. 


I.rrd KltW'v.J g<viil-f his pr-'otyp. Falstaff." tioton- 

I; V i,iy himsvlf, but ,\v: cause of wit in other men." Mr. 
-'!i'ir-v.- Kalf.ur, tlu.-Scct-ish advocate, a man of consi- 
dvraule burner, accin.panicd !>,. great formality of man- 
lurs, hapjiei.ed to be one of a convivial party when his 
L ni.hip .as at the l'.?.id of the table. Af;cr dinner he 
1 Hi a,-„cd 10 til. 5, bu: abso.u'ely refused to comply with 
'il ir, r.,ii^g«,.l.ii:.i,i.jn of;h- c<..T»pany. At length Lord 
J-.ll; it.:d him that he should not escupc, he' must either 
SI J.; a sotig, lell a strry, or drinka pint bumper. Mr. Bcl- 
f'.ur, Leiug an abstemious man, chose radier to icil a story 
than incur, he forfeit. " One day, said he, in a pompous 
lihiincr, a thief, in the course of his rounds, saw the door 
ol a church invitingly open. He walked in, thinking that 
even tlac, he mi^ht lay hold of something. Having se- 
... ..... .... ^^,,j,;, doa-.h, he was repeating, when lo ! he 

; ad..,„ 

ioui.d llie Qoor siiut. Al;cr some 

id the onh mean of escape left, namelv, to let himself 
d^iw.i by the bell-rope. The bell of cou'rse rang, the peo- 
Jlc were alarmed, and the thief was taken, as he 
reached the groui;d. Wiien they were dragging him a- 
vvay, bclooked up, and e-.r.phaticklly addressing the bell, as 
I r«o aadrtit)mi Lcrd^Up : " had it not been," said he, 
•• for yoiu./o;i,f tongue and empty bead, I had made my cs- 


. TI/E E'aMBL E iT.— No. IV. 

AFTER rccovevin.r; a lif.k- frommv surprise and agita- 
tion» 1 asked the stranger if it was a lost child for wh"m 
heenquirtd >. •• I once had a child," replied the feeble 
< Id man; " a daughter whom 1 delighted to call 
•• by that tender nanie ; she was the most dutiful 
" most aifectionate of children i Sojihia was the pritle and 
<• support of her poor old father; she nursed me in my 
" sickness and cheered me in all my distresses ! And shall 
" I never see her more ;" 'This siir.ple, yet pathetic la- 
li.enti.ion, was; spoken with an einpha;,!S which might have 
a.lected a person of greater firimiess than I po:.sessed ; 1 
endeavoured, however, to comfort the discons'laie father, 
by teUjighiin that we ought at all times to bearouraftlic- 
tinns wuh pa-ience and fsr'itudc ; trusiing to the wi«d .m 
of prcvidclicc, and hoping for the best. But how fu ile 
»ic !l!c- precep's oi" philosophy in cases of this kind ! yt%- 
s- n ha-. Il-tle eliect hi quelling the tumult of passion, which 
'iicu rules vfith desp^uic power. Isurveved the distres.sed 
parent with emotions of pity mixed with awe ; he was 
jrobaWy turned tf seventy years of age ; his snow-white 
'•air thinly scattered over his forehead, was suHicieiit to 
c^.mmar.ti respect ; his wrinkled forehead, his jjale cheek 
»"ii iunjicn eye, e.'i«i;eJ a more tenJcV feeling— the icuti- ; 

ment of compassion : :*nd cruld I refuse it wh.en it was so 
jufily due > Humanity iV.rbid, thought I, wiping off a 
tear w hich had si»rted from its fooniain ; I care not for 
the sarcasms of the world : they may reproach me with 
a want of firftmess ; I value the soft emotions of sensibi- 
lity far above the sternness of phylosrphy ; lenvy not the 
stoic his icy virtue, while I pour om in philanthropy the 
genuine eflusiniih of my scul. — 1 he aged stranger viewed 
me with anxiety ; and probably read in iny countenance 
il.e w ri-ingsof iuy sobi : — " My appearance and beha- 
" viour, >oui,g man, (said he) mav excite yourcompassion; 
"if so, follow me, and I w ill endeavour to salisfy you, 
'* although a recital of my recent and present niifortunes 
" may aggravate the almost insulfcrcble anguish whicli 
" tormerts me ;" lie beckoned with his hand, and I fol- 
I jwed in silence; in passing through a small fitld, mar the 
Tiiddle of which stood a neat little house, I observed that the 
^yes of the old man were conilantly directed to a cluster 
if trees w hich we were then passing ; 1 approached the 
ipot 1 he followed ine; it was an old bur^ in,t ] lace and 
h.ewed sigas of having afforded a final rcstii'.g place to 
liany mortals who had once figured in this busy world ; 
here was only one fresh grave ; — after Itmking at it for 
ome time, m\ venerable companion, turning to me and 
minting at it exclaimed, " she is gone, she dwells with 
inrlred angels."— I begged l.iiii to explain himself ; 
' I'here (said he) lie the remains cf my once bcbved wife ; 
for near half a century she had been my fai-liful partner 
— in prosperity and in adversity she had been equally 
constant ; but she could not stand the sliock of crutl mis- 
fortune ; poor scnl ! how she tried to comfort me, 
while her own heart was bursting with grief; I shall 
soon follow you my affectionale partner; we shall en- 
jov in peace and quiet in a better world, that unalloyed 
happiness which wicked man has disturbed i,i this." 
le knelt by the sideof her grave and sfra';gh:ened a ten- 
I dcr twi.g of weeping-willow which he iiad planted at the 
head .'t! " How darest thoii, poisonous weed," cried 
he, up a thisde whicli had just sprung up, " how 
I darest ihcu grow on the grave of :ny Mary.!" The old 
I man had forgot the purpose for which I accompanied him; 
I lenilnded hiiii that it was growing late ; " true, ycu:ig 
man," replied he ; "I intend..'d to have related to you the 
I " caus^of mvdisrcss — of that distress in which you seem 
" 10 sympathize with a miseralile father and diiconsola-e 
** husband ; v/ould to God that it were in your i)oiver to 
" aiTord meconsolaiion ; but tis impossible ; thevilUiny of 
" man has overvvh,;lmed me with misfortunes v;hich 
"the virtue and kinJiess of all others ca.mot relieve; 
" night aj.proaches and I will not detain you ; return to 
" this place ro-morrow, and you shall be satisfied that I 

" h.xve ample cause for grief; farcveli." As I took 

leave-of hiro, } hand-iiL' h-s it shook like 

the aspin leaf— it was co'd and feeble with ago— I fre- 
quently looked back ; his dim eye was s'ill pursuiog mi' : 
" Jieace to you venerable father (said I) the hardened 
wrEtch who has so cruelly wrnnged yoQ ntay escape jiu. 

rishinent in this world Will he not receive it in thi 

next !" I walked on, ir.usingon the uncertr.inty of hu- 
man happiness, and of existence itself; on the ambi ion. 
avarice and wicked less of man ; the sentiments of a ccl,- 
biated writer on some of tltese sulijects, struck me vcrv 
foicibl/ :....' Good God! what an incongruous animal i; 
' man ! how unsettled in his best part, his sou! ; and how 
' clianging and variable in his frame cf body ? the con 
' stancy of the one shook by every notion, the tempern 

• ment of the other afl'ccte.l by every blast of wind ! Wha 
' is he altogether but one m'jh'y inconsistency ; sickness 
' and pain is the lot of one half of him ; doubt and fear 
' the other ! What a bustle wc make about passing out 

• time, when all our space is but a point ? vvhat aims kambi- 
' tiers are crowded into this little instant of our bfe which 
' (as Shakespear words it) is rounded wiiha sleep! Our 
' whole extent of beingis no more, in the eyeof him w!io 
' gave it, than a scarce perceptible moment of deration. 

• Those animals whose circle of living is limited to three 
' or four hours, as the naturalists tells us, are ye: as long- 
I lived and possess as wide a scene cfactionas man, if we 

consider him with a view to all Space, and all Eter.iity. 

W ho knows what plots, what atciiicvnients a male may 

perform in his kingdom of a grain of du.>t, within his 
Jife; and of how much less cbiisiderati- 

on than even this, is the life of man in the sight of God, 

who is from ever, and forever? 

• Who that thinks in this train, but must see the world 
and its contemptible grandeurs, lessen before him J.teve. 
ry thought > *Tis enough to make one remain suipify'd 
in a poize of inaction, void of all desires, of all designs, 
of all friendships.' 

H A U L E Y 



Our last accounts from Europe, by the way of London, 
says a New-York paper, gave us information of the ex- 
treme probability of a Continental War, at least, that 
the emperor of Russia and king of Sweden, had shewn a 
disposition indicatory of an intention cf shortly commenc- 
ing hostilities against France. In confirmation of this 
news, capt. Hiller, of (he Centurion, who arrived here last 
evening, in a short passage from Cronstadt, informs, that 
on the 14th July, the day on wliich he sailed, the Russian 
fiect consisting of eleven sail of the line and 4 frigates 
were ready for sea ; and he was informed thatdav, by an 
officer of one of the ships cf the line, that general order* 
had just been teed in the fleet; that they were to sail 

with all possible dispatch to join the Biitish The em. 

])ercr of Russia was in a jieculiar degree, attentive to A- 

mericans. It was no common thing for him to seek op- 

ptriunities to speak to the commanders cf American ves- 
sels : and that lie p.aid the utmost attention to Mr. Harris 
the American consul, who was highly gratified at the 

signal honor conferred on hisnation. ^It is communica-- 

ted in jtrivntc intelligence froin Paries, that the same tri- 
liunal w hich tried Georges and Mrrcau, will be shr.rtlj- 
called together for the trial of the Ex-nobles Fauche Bo. 
rel, De la Rochefoiicault, and de Beaumont, who have 
been several years prisoners in the Tem[ite. The object 
of this measure is, no dotbt, to implicate General I.e. 
courbeantl Macdoi.ald, v.brm the Corsican views with a 
most suspicious eve. An extract cf a letter from Dub- 
lin, dated July 29, says, " At this moment if the French 
were to make good their landing, 1 am convinced we 
.could not stand before them, from their being veterans, 
and their great superiority in discipline, particularly in this 
country, where one particular sect icritaid and ground 
down by religion, being made the stalking hcrse cf poli- 
<^y, they wruld join them to ainan — what is very extraor- 
dinary, we are given lo know by gevernment, that at this 
moment we are at the point cf'a rtbellion, notw ithstand- 
in.iytiie number cf examples m.ade here last summer ; we 
are openly assured that there are upwards of 800 emissa- " 
r-es am.ongst us now in the jiay of France, one of whom, 
the first, was taken up last week, and is now in the castle : 
so you see how disagreeably we are situated between a fo- 
reign and domestic enemy. I believe the long threatened 
invasion will be attempted this month. Admiral Corn- 
wallis, who lies oil' Brest, has sent for all the vessels cf 
war able toputto sea, to Join him immediately, as the e- 
n?my were aljou' put'ingto sea and with as fine a fleet as 
they have had this long time ; these considerations have 
induced me t» look to your country, as the only fit place 
for me to ren.ove to. Every thing advances lit jirice, beef 
5.H. to 8J. mutt in 7d. to Sd. pork 4d. to 6d. bacon Pd. to 
lOd. per lb. wh,mt 36s. per. barrel, oats 20s. barley 18s. but 
we have a promising harvest which will we hope tcdui.* 
these prices." 




fcy- THOSE Gentlemm w*o have keen hhid emiigh to re- 
ctrit! mibscriptinns for •• Tie Virginia Magazine ; or Munlh- 
ly MUcellaiy" are requested torettirn lists of such Jtafttes ccs 
they have hen able to obtain, so soon as convenient, as the 
/irst mim^r -^iU certainly 7naie its appearance on the first 
day cf Decembe- next. There tiiill be at least one ele'gai 
capper-piate engraving attached to each r,uniber. 

Jiiihtnoiid, Oetolcr 1, 1801, 

y. DIXON. 

The President of the Unfed States arrived at Washing. 

ton on the 30th ub. A letter from Halii'ax received 

at Boston says, " I hebve there was a misake in. printing 
here the afcconnt of the letters respec ring M. Jerome Bo- 
najiarte : that addressed to him was sa^d to be written by 
" Decres," but it appears to haVe been from "Denes," the 
person who wrote the other letter which has been menti- 
oned. It begins thus, " I am just come, my dear Jerome, 
from performing a very distressing service," and then 
goes on to inform hii.o, that he has written olficiallv to 

Mr. Pichon *o stop his allowances &c. The injur/ 

done by the late storm in the Southern states, is estimated 
at Savannah to amount to 3o0,G00 dollars, and in South 
Caiolina to exceed a miillon. A fever we under- 
stand, lately made itsajipearance at York Town, in Penn- 
sylvania, which has been alarmingly fatal. Fourteen 
deaths occurred in that borough on Tuesday the 11th inst. 
This is comjiarativelv greater than the mortality in. the 

city cf Philadelphia in the fever of '93 and 98. M'e 

understand Vi'alter Jones is appoin'ed b.v the President, 
attorney for the district of Alexandria, in the room of 

John Thompson Mason resigned. The treaty l.irely 

held between the Creek Nation and the United States* 
Commissioners, has terminated inauspiciously for Geor- 
gia, thev have not obtained one acre of land. A deputati- 
on of Chiefs are to pass through Spar'afG] early in Otfto- 
her next, on their way to the City of VViishlngton. 
Captain Wilson of the ship Bellona. informs ns, that Ge. 
neral Moreau and lady were at Barcelona on the 27th Ju- ' 
ly. and applied to him tor a pai:sage . but he was under the 
necessity of declining their ofli?r, the cabin of the vessel not 
being sulBcieutly convenient for their accommodation. Ot\ 
thelOihof August, whilst at Gibraltar, captain Wilson 
was informed, ihat these illuslrlous clutracters had reach- 
ed Cadiz., from whence they would emb.o.k lortbe Unit- 
ed States Captain Dnckendorll", of the brig Thetis, 

informs us, that an embargo had been l.iid on all mer- 
chant vessels in the harbour of Bordeaux, to facilitate tU» 
depai'liuc of the gunboiits to Boulogne. 



Vol. 1. 




CII'VMPIONofTruih ! alike through Ninires field, 

Ami where in sacred Ifavc's she ihi its reveal'd ; 

Alike ill bith, eccentric, jjiercing b^ld, 

Like his own light'ning which no chains can hold, 

Ncglci'ingcatition and disdaining art, 

l[eiec!is no armour for a naked heart ! 

PurEtTC the course thy ardent genitts shews, 

Tha like the sun Illumines where it goes ; 

Tr:ivel tiie various iTia]> of science o*er, 

Record pa,t wonders and discover more i 

Pour thy free spirit o'er the breathing page. 

And wake the vtnite of a careless age. 

Bj , O I f >rr;ivp, if touch'dwi:h fond regret, 

Fa:'cy retails -he scene shecant't for-^er ; 

Recalls the ciiearful smile, the social hottrs. 

Which charm 'd us once, for once 'hose scenes were oi 

And whilst thy praises through widi: realms e-ttend, 

AVe sit in shades, a-ld mourn the absent friend. 

So 'vherj tin impcru' us river sweeps the plain, 

Itself a SCT and rush's to the main ; 

While i.sfiim hanks repel c.-nllicting tides, 

And staely on its breast the vessel rides; 

Admiring much the shepherd s ands to gaze, 

A've.f.ruck, n^id mingles wouiicrwi h his praisa. 

Ihlt, more hf I"vesits winding pa'h to trace, 

Thr High bedsofilow'rsanJl Nainre\ rur'l face. 

While jet a stream, the rilcnt v.\le it chear'd, 

B" inany a rec ilected scene endeared. 

Where trembling first her.eaih the |>oplar's shaile, 

JI>; luij'd hi3 pipe to suit the wild cascade. 

n"NEVOI.ENCE, thou attril-.ntc of Heaven ; ** 

Di;av to the heart where vir-ue loves to dwell, 
Willi v"ic.; assv.ieet as Pnilomers at even. 

Thou sooth'st the woes thatvii-ue weeps lo tell. . 

Thou moi;t delightcst in the humble poor ; 

Seldom are seen to join in splendor's train; 
Th3 poor Iiave tears to give, alas ! m more 

No more ihey haveio soften mis'ry*8 pain. 

lace : 

Somerimes wit! wealth reserve for thee a 

And then thy influ'iicelike refreshing show'.., 

Deflected merit from the duat doth raise 

Makes genius blossotn as the vernal show'rs. 

Pride, like a cloud, hangs round the scornful hean ; 

On it in vain kind piey darts arav ; 
Her ray perhaps may little warmth impart— 

Glimmer a moment, but then fades away. 

let scorn, trlumiihant, with disdainful eye. 
And sneer con.enipt'ous thee and pity view j 

Bid all th' aSectioits from her bosom fly, 

And with her looks pierce poormisfoitune through. 

Still vlrtisc's hope, thecbmpassof the soul. 
Direct my life throu-h l-.fe'sdark dreary road ; 

Thy jirecepts, like the needle -o thepole, 
yoim U3 toimmortaUty and GOD. 


In vain, tVar girl, in vain I fly. 

Resolved to shun both thee andlove ( 

The matchless majic I'f thine eye. 
Pursues me wheresoe'er 1 rove. 

When minglingwith the latighingcrew. 
From thee each glass its sweets receives » 

Its sparldiagbruis iriv r>;.nir'dTicw 
With thy ideal smiles deceives. 

Or wlierethe crowd of Beauty blaze. 

Where pleasure prompts the wishful sigh. 

And gives to the enamour'd gaze, 
Tiie panting breast, the wanton eye j 

Where Love, his sof- delights around, 
^ With evtr-sportive Fancy, throws, 
^.in one thatboas-s thy charms be found r 
Or one like me, withlove that glo.vs I 

Can Delia's form with thine compare, 
Wnerevirtue's self ajipears enshrined ; 

van ,.Iim boast a face sofa.r ) 

Or who, say, who, has got thy mind > 

Chloe ' who thy beauty sees, 

From love in vain, shall strive to flee r 

1 or where can he e'er seek for ease. 
Wbo finds all charms conibin'd in thei f 


When Ellen Iry'dher virgin fires. 

And first her »bule& lei Hy ; 
She fill'd my breast wi'h vague desires — 

It thought it was her eye. 

When melting strains fell from her mouth, 
Which Gods might wish to sip ; 

When all was harmony and truth — 
I thought it was her lip. 

But when she danc'd ! such air, such grace, 

What mortal could escape ? 
1 look'd no longer on her face ; 

I swore it was her shape. 

When, seen by chance, her breast bcspok* 

The purity within) 
Her snowy arm, her ivory neck — • 

'Tvvas then her lovely skin. 

Nor eyes, nor shape, nor neck, nor fact. 

My bosom did enthral ; 
*Twas eerue I-fouiid. the h.appy grace, 

That gave a charm to all. 

[/i mr last paper v.v presmti-d the ..ti/eis n/ibe "Minerva" 
viiii on extract fom «Ae " Man of Feeling," one of the 
niMt intaestlrg -wrrhn/Mr. Htmy MKcH::zie—the fol- 
Ixvirg pkcc/unns tie conclucion aftJiat hnot. To make 
oiir readcrt acqimiiite<l witi t/jc ii>rory ^Harlev, tie 
tcro oftHs affeeti.'g tragedy, it o/V/ be neceseary to in/arm 
tlnn, flat •• he was erheated in retirement ,- le cmAes to 
toxm, and there tiisia some rtauvialile scenes, and las a 
part in some itnting incidents ; he returns lo tie cmintn; 
nnd aji:r ia>i^iisi!i:g awli/c in love nabicl he dares nvttell, 
expires in a joy too great not to ovsrfiovier hUfecbisr.ess, at 
tie very moincnt when he learns that his loMe is not imre- 
tur.:ed. All tie imagery and incidents rif tic piece, accord 
•mill the cast and spirit „f the principal character. They 
are delicately tender / and they an adapted to touch tic 
tpi ings of tenderness in the heart. ""l 

HARLEY was one of those few friends whom the ma- 
levolence of fortune hud yet left me ' I could not there- 
f re but be sensibly concerned for Irs |iiesent inlisposition; 
there scldoin passed a day on which 1 did not make en- 
quiry about him. 

The physican who attended hitn had informed me the 
evening before, that he thoitght him considerably better 
than he had been fir some time past. 1 called ne.-ttinotn-- 
ing to be confirmed in a piece of intelligence so welcome 
to tne. 

When I entered hi? apartment. I found hitn sitting on a 
couch, leanmg on his hand, ^^.ilh his eye turned upwards 
m the attitude of thongli.ful inspiration. His look had al- 
ways an open henignity, which commanded esteem ; there 
was now something more— a gentle triumph in it. 

He rose and met me wiih his usual kindness. A\''hen I 
gave him th.: good accounts I had had from his physician, 
•' I am foolish enough," said he, " to rely but little, in 
this instance, upon physic : wiy prcsentiinent may be 
fab; ; but I think I feel myself approaching to iny end, 
by steps so caiy, that they woo me to approach it. 

■' There is a certain dignity in retiring from life at a 
time, when the infirmities of age have not sapjied our fa- 
culties. This world, my dear Charles, was a scene in 
which I never much deli.'jhted. I was not formed for the 
hns'le of the busy, nor the dissipation of the gay ; a thou- 
sand things oecurred, where I blushed for the impropriety 
of my conduct when I thought on the world, though my 
reason told me I should have blushed to have done other- 
wise.— It was a scene of dissimulation, of restraint, of dis- 
appointment. I leave ii to «»t<T on .hat -talc, which I 
have learned to believe is replete with the genuine happi- 
ncss attendant upon virtue. Ibokbackon the tenor of 
my life, with the consciousness of few great offences to 
account for. There are blemishes, I confess, which de- 
form in some degree the iiicture. But I know the benig- 
nity of the Supreme Being, and rejoice at the thoughts of 
its exertion in my favor. My mind e.vpands at the thouglit 
I shall enter into the society of the blessed, wise as angels, 
with the simplicity of children." He had by this time 
clasped my hand, and found it wet by a tear which had 
just fallen upon it. His eye began to moisten too — we sat 
for some time silent — At last, with an attempt to a look 
of more composure, " There are some remembrances" 
said Harley, •■ which rise involuntarily on mv heart, and 
make nie almost wish to live. I have been blessed with 
a few friends, who redeem my opinion of mankind. I 
recollect, wi'h the tenderest emotion, the scenes of plea- 
sure I have passed among them ; hut we shall meet again 
my fr end, never ti be separated. There are some feel- 
ings which perhaps are too tender to he sullered by the 
world. The world is in general selfish, interested and un- 
tUuikinj, aud tlu-own tie imputation of roaamc* or raelia- 1 

choly on ever)' temper mtre susceptible than its own. I 
cannot think but in those regions which I contemplate, if 
there is any thing of mor.ility left about us, that these 
feelings will subsist ;— they are called,— perhaps they ar« 
weaknesses here, — but there may be some better modifica- 
tions of them in Heaven, which may deserve the name of 
virtues." He sighed as he spoke these last words. He 
had srai-cely finished them, when the dccnpened, and hit 
aunt appeared leading in Miss Walton. ■• Mr de:ir,"say« 
she, •• here is Miss Walton, who has been so kind as to 
come and enquire for you herself "—I could observe a 
transient glow upon his face. He rose from his seat— 
"If to know Miss Walton's goodnesi;," said he, "be atitlt 
to deserve it, I have some claim." She begged him to re. 
sume his seat, and placed herself on the soft beside him. 
I took my leave. Mrs. Margery accompanied me to the 
door. He was left with Miss Walton alone. She inoui.-- 
ed an.x:ously about his health. " I believe," said he, "from 
the accounts which my physicians unwillingly give me, 
that they have no great hopes of my recovery."— She start- 
ed as he spoke ; but recollectin,.^ herself immediatelv, en- 
deavoured to flatter him into a belief that his apprellensi. 
onswere groundless. " I know," said he, " that it is u- 
sual with persons at my time of life to have these hopes, 
which your kir.dness suggests ; but I would not wish tob« 
deceived. To meet death as becomes a man, is a privi- 
lege bestowed on few.- 1 would en'.'pavour to make it 
mine ;— nor do I think that 1 can ever be better prepared 
lev It than now :— Itis that chiefly which dctennires the 
htness of its approach." " Thrtse sentiments," answered 
Miss Walton, " are just : but vour good sense, Mr Har- 
ley, will own, that life has its froper value —As the iiro- 
vince of virtue, life is ennobled ! as such it is to be desired. 
To virtue has the Supreme Director of all things assipucd 
rewards enough even here to fix its attachment." 

The subject began to overpower her. — Harley lif-ed his 
eyes from the ground—" There are," said he, in a verf 

low voice, " there are attachments. Miss Walton" Hig 

glance met hers— They both lietraved a confusion, antl 
were both msian'ly withdrawn — He paused some mo- 
ments — " I artvjn such a state as calls for sincerity, let 
that akso excuse it— It is pel haps the last time we shali eve^ 
meet. 1 teel something par ictilarlystlemn in the acknow- 
leaginent, yet my heart swells toniake it, awed as it is br 
a tense of my presumpnon, by a sense of your 

periections"— He paused again "Let it not rfiend 

you to know their power over one so unwor'hr 
— It will, I believe, sion cease to beat even with that feel 
ingwhich it shall lose the la'est. — To Itve JI'ss Walioil 
cannot be acr-me:-if to declare it is one-tbe expia,io„ 
will be made "—Her tears were now Howingwithoutcon. 
trcul, — "Let me intreat yon," said she, " to have betfef 
hopes — Let not life be so indilTcrcnttoyou ; if mv wili>< 
can put anv value on it— 1 will not pretend' to niisuntkr- 

stand yon— I knew your worth — I have known it lonr I 

have esteemed it — What would ycu have me say** I 

hav; loved it as it deserved."— He seized her hand-^a lan- 
guid colour reddened his cheek — a sm^le brigh-ened faint- 
ly in his ei e. As he gazed on ht r, it grew dim, it fixed, 

it clr5"cl — He sighed and fell back on his. seat Miss Wa!^ 

ton screamed at the sight— His aunt and the servaiiti 
rushed into the room — They found ihem lying motionlesi 
togclher —His physician happened to call at that ins'am. 
Every art was tried to recov(;r them— With Miss Walto* 
they succeeded — But Harley was gone for fever ! 


The einotions of the Heart. 
._ I ENTERED the room where his body lay ; I approach* 
ed it with reverence, not fear j I looked ; the recollection 
of the pasf crowded upon me. I saw that form which a 
little before, was animated with a soul which did honor to 
humanity, stretched without sense or feeling before me. 
'Tisa connexion we cannot easily fol^et : — I took hia 

hand in mine ; I repeated his name involuntarily ; I f«-lc 

a pulse in every vein at the sound. I looked earnestly m 
his face : his eye was closed, his lip pale and motionless. 
There is an entusiasm in sorrow that forgets impossibility; 
I wondered that it was so. The sight drew a prayer from 
my heart ; it was the voice of frailty and of man ! the 
confusion cf my mind began to subside into thought; I had 
time to ineet ! 

1 turned, with the last farewell upon my lips, -when 2 ob- 
served eld Edwards standing behind me. Hocked him full 
in the face ; but his eye was fixed on another object : he 
pressed between me and the bed, and stood gazing on the 
breathless remains of his benefactor. I spoke to him I 
know not what; but he took no notice of what I said, antl 
remained in the same attitude as before. He stood 
some minuses in that posture, then turned and walked to- 
wards the door. He paused as he went — he retunied a 
second time ; I could observe his lips move as he looked: 
but the voice they would have uttered was lost. He tit- 
tem pted going again : and a third time he returned as be- 
fore. — I saw him wipe his cheek ; then covtring his face' 
with his hands, his breast heaving with the most convul- 
sive throbs, he flung out of the room. 




rKOurTKiss ahu accvuacTi 


[VOLVME ].] 

RICHMOND:— r£/£5Z)^2; OCTOBER 16, 1804. 

[NlMBER 6.] 



Ist. — " The Mixebva" will he neatly printed, 
weekly, on a half-sheet Suiicr-Rojal paper. 

2d- — The terms are two DOLLAUspcr annum to 
be paid in ;ulvancc. 

3d. — A handsome title-page and table of eontents 
will be furnished (graiii) at the coniplciion of each 


LOVE of gaming corrupts the best principles in the 
vorld: likeaijuicksand, it swallows up a man in a mo- 

How many thousands have been ruined by gaming ? 
Yet you say very composediy you cannot live wi'l: u: i- : 
frivolous excuse '. Is th;re any violent and shameful passi- 
on may not use the sa-.iie language ; Would an\ 
one be allowed ;o say, that he cannot live without mur- 
ders, rapes and robberies ! U gaming v.-ilhju-: considera- 
on or intermission, where you aim at the total ru'.n of your 
adversary; where yon are tranL;poi-ted with insulence at 
winning, or thrown into despair by losing ; where intiatn- 
cdby avarice, you expose oft a card or die, your own, vour 
wife's, and your children's for'unes. Is this allowable'! Is 
this the sport you cannot live without ! and yet are there 
i.ot often worse consequences than these at 'y\-ay ! When 
entirely stripped, when clothes and furniture have been 
c.mverled in:o g.;ming-money, you see your family in nn- 
piticd wrftchedness. The frequent duels I omit. I allow 
nobody to be a knave, but I all.nv a knave to play deep. 
1 foi-bid it in an hcnest man. There is much fr.liv, there 
is wickedness, in exposing one's self to a great loss. 

There is otrealSiciiaiTTv.'iich is bsting, and thit is the 
loss of an estate ; time, which alleviates all others, sharp- 
ens this; we feel it every i^ioiv,enl during the course of oir 
liver., continually iriissing the fortune we hr.Te lost. 

All play-debts must be paid in specie, or by an equiva 
1,-iit. The man that plays beyond his income pawns hi; 
ts'ate : the womin must find out something else to'mort. 
gage when her pin-money is gone : the husband has his 
lauds to dispose of; the wife her person. Now. when the 
lemale is once dipped, if the creditor be very importunate, 
I leave myrcadcr to considerthe conscjueiices. 

The love of cards let sloth infuss : 

The love of money soon ensues : 

The strong desire shall ne'er decay, 

AVho plays to win, shall win to play : 

The. breast where love had plann'd his reign, 

E'.iall burn unquench'd with love of gain ; 

And all the charms that wtt can boast 

In dreams of bitter hick be lost. 

Thus, neither innocent nor gav, 

The useless hours shall fleet aw.iy ; 

V/hile time o'erlooks the trivial strife. 

And, scoffing, shakes the sands of life, 

Till the Wan maid, whose early bloom 

The vigils of quadriiie consume, 

E.\hausted by the pangs of play, 

To lust and av'rice falls a prey. 

KIR.A. was the only daughter of a nobleman, who 
had bravely served his cotmiry ; and his estate being but 
JMst sufficient to provide for his sons, Mira |had her edu- 
cation under an aunt, who afterwards left her fifty thou- 
sand pounds. The old lady was what we call a very good 
sort of a wotnan ; but being very infirm, she led, in the 
words of Mr. Pope, " and old age of cards ;" and Mira 
being htr darling, she always made one of the set. By 
this she contracted an early love for play ; which at first 
disguised itself under the plausible appearance of willing- 
ness to oblige h.r comj.anv, and doing somewhat to pass 
the time: but when Mira' became Mistress ofherseif and 
fortiine, she frund this passion so strongly confirmed, that 
It gained an absolute ascendency over her mind ; though 
in all other rcs])«cts she was frtigal, prudent and virtuous. 
Her husband, win fills a place bv which he has opportu- 
nities of knowiiigver/ secret transactions, loves her to dis- 
traction : and she has every indulgence that fortutie or na- 

of thi 

ry, who spares no monev 
to gain intelligence. Tliough every way disgustful 
and disagreeable, yet his readiness to be in all parties 
at play, andhis being always well furnished with monev 
renders liim agreeable to what is called the very best 'of 
company, though tliey both call him a spy and sharper. 

The count who has great experience in distresses of that 
kind, saw that of the lovely Mira, and knew he could 
m ikc It worth his while to relieve her. Ue pretended to 
enter with herinron a tcte-a-tcie Kune at piquet, & throw- 
ing up the cards all of a sudden, Ue swore he was picking 
her pocket, because she d.d not mind her game, and that 
he was sur« somewhat was the matter with her. " But, 
faith," continued he, " I am not myself in a goodcue tor 

play, I am d y uneasy ; I would give five hundred 

pounds with all my heart Mira in her turn was e- 

qually i.mpatient to know the count's distress; and at last 
..he learned, that h« could get a thousand pounds bet with 
Lord;,Ma:tadore upon a certain des.ination of great impor- 
tauce ; but he did not know what side to take, or how to 
lilay his money. Mira had good sense enough to see through 
the rillaiu's design ; but the dear delight of being air-in 
set up in play.stiried within her all consideration of du.y, 
love, and loyalty : she several times traversed the room in 
a musing posture ; bat the struggle was soon over, and, in 
short, the bargain was struck. She was to procure the 
count authentic iiitolligeiice of the des.i.ration, and he in 
return was to make her a present of five hundred pounds. 
Mira, upon her return home, allected an unusual gaiety ; 
and whaf gave va:t plc.-.sure to her htiiband was, 
having inv.ied some f;-iends to suj), the card-tables 'were 
early removed, and the remaining part of the evening was 
dedicHied to cheerful conversation. The unsuspecting 
Hortcnsio, for that was the husband's name, went to bed, 
-"lid falling to sleep more profoundly than usual, Mira seiz- 
ed the golden oi;portuiuty of transcribing from his p.jcket 
book, v.hich lay upon a bureau, in an adjacent cIo.sct, a 
paper v/hich contained all, and more than tlie count 
ed to know. In the af:.Prnoon, dinner being over, and her 
husband abroad, under pre-ence of walking in S:. Jaiites's 
Paik, she got into a hiickney chair, h.urried to the 
plate oi'as.vgnation will, the welcome Iji.elligence to the 
count. He could not believe his own good fortune wlien 
he read it : and being a thorough bred villain, he risolved 
to seal his correspondence with the beauiifjl agent wlih 
more tender engagemeius than those of money. Though 
Mira loathed and detested him, yet the golden baitwhicn 
he dangled in her tyes, and which was to restoie her to 
the comforts of her soul, proved at last inesisiable. Slie 
jilnnged, conscious of her crime, into pcrdiiion, and is now 
undone. She has got in her pocket the wages of her dou- 
ble perfidy, while her passijn for play will soon bring her 
into circumstances that willoblige her to repeat her crime: 
dnd a few months will e.\tingui>h the rem.iinsof that mol 
dcsty, and those sentiments that gave dignity to her beau- 
ty, and loveliness to her perfections. Such are the ejects 
of a passion for gaming ! 


; can beto 


irhc cmmns cKiraaernf Mr. FOX, MruacJfrmi that ce- 
le.'nale! pJitkal satire, " The Jockey -Club," w certain- 
ly vielt dra'jin, and probably corrcctP\ Nat. Agjs'. 


THE mind of Mr. Fo.t was formed in Nature' 

mood. Amidst all the vicissitudes of fortune, 

preseived an equanhitity and moderation, that has procur- 
ed him universal esteem. Placable in his enmities it is 
iinpossible to be inore sincere and zealous than he is in liij 
friendships, and he is certainly more indebted to his so. 
cial qualities, for the popularity he enjoys, than to any con- 
fitience reposed in his political consistency or bis abilities. 
His public life has been too strongly marked by well 
known memorable events, to render any prolix detail ne- 
cessary. An open, undcsigning disposition, has been fre- 
quently a dupe to the artifices of others, and a too yielding 
pliabilirly of character, has exposedhim to diificuhies, 
which were his years protracted to patriarchal longevif,' 
he would never be able to conquer. 

Mr. Fo.t was the darling child of a partial and indul- 
gent father, who at a very early age, pronounced him a 
phenomenon of genitis and erudition. To his affectionate 
care, he owes all the advantages derivable from the most 
refined and cultivated education, and where so much pains 
were bestowed on such a promising young plant, it is na- 
tural to suppose that it must one day attain a certain de- 
gree of perfection ; nevertheless, he owes inuch of his 
fame to the prepossession, inspired by an opinion flowing 
from such h'gh authority. The generality of men are in- 
capable of investigating characters, and apt, very often 
on false grounds, to take up any thing on mere reports 
under no better sanction, than the partiality or prejudice 
of others. Mr. Fox, however, certainly possesses the 
good opinion of the people, andhis popularity should 

vever, for plaj', led her 
.,".,,e time ago into a set, of which Count Crib was one ■ 
and she List five huntlred pounds. The freqnent demands 
of that kind she had made upon her husband, an:l the ma- 
ny solemn promises she had given not to renew them, 
renuered it worse than death for her to apply to him ; vet 

the money, he the consequences ever so disagreeable, nay, - ■ ... , , - -, . ^^-n 

«»tal, must be obtained. The count is a secret »se:it for ^ ""*■' """ " '"*''* "** '"'"• *"'! ™''" Sre»tf>U tenuitnl, bj- || — 

increasing his exertions in their cause. We disclaim all 
personalities, and profess respect for the constitution of a 
limited monaich ; but, in all monar,-),;,-,! Z, 
.. .^-i ., , . ,^1,1., 1,1 ail inonarcnjcal eovernmeiits 

1, that regicides and t> raiinicidcs are alm.>st 
be son:t few exception-, ; 
stabbed Henry IV.s.rikes 
wrexh, who was after- 

and tyra 

synonimous terms. There 

and if the bigottedassassin, who 
us with horror, the miserable 
vards tortured f ii 

u- .- ^" abortive attempt on the life of that 

proHipte, unfeeling despot. Louis XV. cause, ver" d^f! 
is'a 3'"""' i^"' ''^! "^ '"'' P""-"' '"»" i" «i«™=e 

hrnn'^ l l"?"'' sacred as that of a monarch on his 
throne, which IS no otherwise valuable, thanashe di".en- 
ses liberty and happiness to a nation. If his life produces 
nona„o„,n,^ ,j,i^j^^,^ cannot be held a nalo a 
ni.sfortnne. It becomes Mr. Fox, therefore, to rouse fro-n 

■ -upmeness, and to exert all his//i/!«;icf, to reduce tliat 
inc.tedto the crown of 

enormous influence which is 
Great flrnain. 

He was trained 

Commons, and he h; 
nical dexteri 

manner expressly for the House of 
there acquired a kind ofmecha. 
■ ., , agement of a debate, or in seiz- 

ng the happiest moment of turning every trivial error of 
his adversary to the utmost advantage ; vet it must be ad 

,'"1:'',; ."•''"' '" '■fn"■•^.^"> ""iversalityofgemus orta. 
leil.s, nc IS as miici interior to the person, a ske'ch of 
whom we have just attempted,' as he mav excel him ia 
al! thpse accomplishments and virtues, thatconcilLa'e 6ur 
esteem and allertion. Having said thus much, let it not 
be inferred, that we mean •odeprecia'e his abilities., w hicb 
however overrated, are unquestionablv great. He w Ii •,)- 
ways be eminently useful and conspicuous as a leader of 
opjiosmoti ; but the powers of his mind are not su.1 rient- 
1/ enlarged: he 15 constitu.ionullv too inac'ive, and too 
much devoted ,.ohis ideasures, to be ever capable of con- 
^Jj^'^;-S'j'=Swernment of agreat empire -with glory or< 

To behold him in the most favorable polnt4.f view.wa 
must turn to his social and convivial hours. An extraor- 
dinary sweetness of temper, joined to an open sincerity of 
manners, with a liberality of S|,irit and .sentiment, rarely 
to be equalled, have raised a degree of enthusiasm in his 
lavour, that pervades the very extensive circle of his nu- 
merous acquaintance. In coi,ver.iation, if he does not dis- 
play sncli exuberant sallies of humour and pleasantry, as 
his friend the Colonel, it iinot, that he is lessentertai'.iius 
but only because he is more silent and reserved. Of a 
more Satunix cast, he d ,es n t so ofien relax from the 
dignity that p.-pjiar adnrration has annexed to his cha- 
racter, but Mdienever he allowshhiiseif to indulge his pow- 
ers t;i festive recreation, no person inspires such general 
hilarity and good humour. 

Eager and sanguine in all his pursuits, he is no less anx- 
lous tor the event of a horse-race, than he is ambitious in 
the race ot politics. Amidst the eternal busile and strife 
of po.itical controversy, he has never been altogether en- 
grossed by the charms of ambition. 

A mind constituted like his, must be subject to all the 
amiable weaknessesof humanity. Hence, an enthnsiasiic 
devotion ro the sex, where, it must be confessed, his choice 
has not always been the most elegant and refined. Instan- 
ces are wnhin our recollection, where he has waited whole 
hours, ex]i05ed t,) every inconvenience of the s.verest wea- 
ther, at the Street door of a notorious prostitute, which 
w'.as everopen tolhebcst bidder, taking advantage of his 
tlistress, nor .shewing the least comjiasrion to his situation, 
lor our hero has experienced the \ icissiiudes of fortune. 
At length he appears ])ermanendy, & most afl'eclionately 
attach, d to a truly amiable womali, whose temper is con. 
genial with his own ; who compensates for the defects of 

education, by the exccll«nt qu 
ould adorn any station, to > 
n union of such principles, v 
pathy between the p; 

n hr neces: 

of her heart, which 
liich she might be exalted. 
iiere there is so strong a 
rties, unrestrained by compulsi- 
, ara lime of life when the passions may bd 
e wane, jiromises the happiest duration. 
It seems extraordinary, that the warmest p.artizans of 
this exalted character are, Jn general, themselves of the 
most vicious cast ; but true it is, that however immersed 
in depravity men may be, they respect merit in ethers ; & 
it constitutes one great advantage in the life of Mr. Fox, 
that ai|iongstall parties, his own personal qualities have 
been his best protection ; and during the most excessive 
heat of ])arty violence, we do not believe that he ever had 
one jiersonal enemy. 

It has been our endeavour, with strick impartiality 
to trace the outlines of this gentleman's character. Per- 
haps his partial admirers may think that we have been 
too lukewarm in, respeciing his abilities, but our 
sentiments have been formed on the principles of close oh- 
servation. and we could not suller ourselves todeviate from, 
ved to be the line of truth. 

iilr. aiicriUutt. 



For 1804. 


THE R A I H B O W. No. IX. 


IT i> cert.'iin that the feimie se.x are held in high esti. 
mulon ill Virginia, as well as in tlie other civilized nali- 
ons of the world, and it is true that the spirit of the Ariic- 
Tican revolu-i')ii has in some decree destroyed that unjust 
inequality, which the laws of Eigland have created be- 
twccathe sexes. The superiority which wasinsolentlyas- 
Bunned hy the male sex, has almost entirely vanished be- 
fore the light of reason, while tjie legislature of our st.ile, 
by the single act of annihilariut; the right ot the eldest 
•on to inherit all he property of his la ncr, and of divid- 
ing it equally a:Ylon£st all his children, has blasted the 
gcrin of fjiiiilj' pride, and solemnly recognized the prin- 
ciple, that the male and female sex are equal. But al- 
thotigh we have d.ntc S'ltne'hing iii favor of the sex, yet 
an impar.ial observer of out manners and laws, will per- 
hajh tindas much to blame as to commend. Sofarfrom 
btiug able to boast that cur women are the favourites of 
tl\e laws, we must be cnmpelkd to acknowledge that a 
very u-.just partiality i5e.\hibiTi^d by them in favar of the 
men, a. id iliut our manners are not better calculated toex- 
alt the fair to that point in the scale of society, to which 
they are destined to rise. 

Let it not be supposed that I am an advocate forthenn- 
li'iiited extension of political rights to women, or that I 
wish to encutnber them with impniper duties. I am a- 
ware that na urc has cs-.ablished a broad distinction be- 
»wcen*thc se.xes ; that tiiere are certain spheres of action 
in whicii females can never move, and boundaries 
which they Citn never with projn-ieiy overleap. Na- 
ture has hot €ud:>\s;ed them wi'h the strenjjth of the war- 
T'"r's ar^^ and altlit U'jhin the history of past timer, there 
2re soiTte few instances of lieroines, who have coiuUiclcd 
armies to victory, yet these are to b.; considered as ' mete- 
ors, whose appearance dc'ies the efforts of calculation. 
Ciicunistances also of an '.bvious kind, must ncces.^iarily 
♦xcltide them fr.»n a iiar.icipa ion in the e.ires and duties 
of political assemblies. Andal.hough many cogent rea- 
sons may wi ho,reat py-jpriety be urged in favor of an ex- 
tension of theeU'c i\'e frarichise tothe female sex, yet 1 do 
not inean at tliistime to advocate such a revnluLion in .ur 
political sys'ems. All I at present contend f >r is, that the 
vomen ought to have the same civil rights as the men, & 
that the legitilaliire (,ught toe;<vend the sanie o])portunitics 
*f intellectual Improvemeiit to the one as to the other. 

One W'.'uld suppose, from the total silence of the taws 
of \'irgi:iia on the subject of female educa'ion, that our 
geiieral-assembly had either adopted the .Mahometan noti- 
on, that women have no souls, or the siill more roinanilc 
opiui in, that nature hw inspired them wi.h such an over 
imr.ion of genius thai the labour of the teacher is a mat- 
ter if sujlerer >gation. It is uilfortunaiely too true, that a 
great dcjl -of supineness is iptc.n'er.ible throughout the 
Ita.e on tiie subjfct of public Si;lio<iU, even i:;r the male 
ecx. Many ot our >ou.ig men are sent to distant ui^iver- 
sitiesto acquire the elements of science, and all of those 
Who art dcs.ined to become itiembers of the medical pro- 
fession, will in vain search for a medical school in any 
part of Virginia. But we have not been totally regardless 
ot the educa: en of ouryoungmen. We have a few col- 
leges, one of which wiU not yield to her northern sisters 
in the acquirements of their professors, or in the number 
of men t;f talents who have issued from her walls. Our 
Statute bo..Ks also ah lund wi.h la.vs establishing acade- 
mies, at wlikh the dead and living languages may be ac- 
quired by joung men ; but there iiiiot lobe found a single 
public seminary, and hardly a private one, in which the 
ieinale mind ij furnished with an opportunity of increas- 
ing its stores of knowledge. 

I cannot suppose that this apathy of the Virginians to- 
wcrds femalecducation, can proceed from an opinion of 
their ii|feriini). The history of Eur.ipe 
personal observation must convince hit 
pinion » not f.urded on truth. We ofi 
tamily, the girl equall;, quick in appic 
boy ; her memory as retentive, anil hei 
haps more aliveto ihe beauiies of na:t 

d each man 
that such an o- 
see in the same 
ision with the 
inagination per- 
In early life, 
tnete is scarcely any d'.Serrnce between them, and inthnse 
families in which eckicttton is not an object of attention, 
the equality continues through Mife ; biit in a faniilv of a 
d^flercni description, thC'priile and partiality of the father 
s-rn bi'g n to display themselves in the ditlerent conduct 
obseu'ed towards his s--- ^d daughter. Theson inust be 
prepared for one of the learned professi.uis, and already 
the phan'om of gbry begins to fire the imagination of 
the for.d father. He already anticipates the period, when 
his son shall he hailed as the defender nf freedom in the 
»ena-e, or wh.-n the li^-eniogcr.iud shall be del gh'et: witlj 
his eloquence in ihe lorum. He accordingly spares no ex- 
peiiceto sireng'hen, improve, and ptlish the mnid of his 
son. Who, frnii the age if seven to twenty-two, is con- 
stantly einjiloxed in draving kn wledge from the foun- 
tain cf ancieii' literature, or modern science. In the mean 
Jiine the mind of his daughter is almnstemirelv ne'ilected; 
It b.-toii,ci a barren was. e, in which if a llower should 
t^ow and -heii spring up, it withers and perishes for want 
o) the care and skill of an assiduous ciU.ivatpr. For her 
no teacher holdi up the map of soieacs : to her view 

knowledge does " ne'er enroll her ample page." Th.- la- 
mentation of Gray is perhaps more ajiplicable to the Vir- 
ginia women, than to the hthabitants of an English hamlet: 

«* Full many ajlivia is born to bltish u?iseen, 
" And vioste its siaettness on the Jesart air .''* 

It is Education not Nature which creates the difference 
between the sexes. It is perhaps not necessary to dwell 
on the propriety and importance of improving the female 
mind. Alihongh they cannot be warriors, legislators, 
judges, or executive otiicers, there is no no situation in life 
in which an improved understanding is not an useful 
and delightful companion. Improve the minds cf your 
daughters, and they will make their sons heroes and ]ia- 
triots. They w ill awaken the curiosity of their infant 
minds, antl inspire them with the love of wisdom and of 
virtue. And who can doubt that the society of the fair 
would be infinilel;. more interesting if an equal degree of 
that labour which is employed to adirn their persons, 
were applied to the cultivation of their iniellectual powers.' 
Although I cannot endrelj- agree with Akenside, that 

Mind alone 

The sacredfountain in itself contains 
Of beauteous and sub'tDie ;" , — 

Yet it it certain that the intelligence which beams from 
the eye, throws a lustrtie on the countenance of beauty it- 
se(f. Perhaps the low state of science in Virginia, and the 
almost exclusive attention which been devoted to poli- 
tics and law, will afford us a satisfactory reason why the 
mindsof my fair country-women have not aspired to lite- 
rature and science. The annals of the French revolution, 
and the writings of Mrs. Wolstonecroft, of Eliza Hamil- 
ton, ot iMiss Seward and others in England, at once refute 
the dogma of the inferiority of the female mind, & prove 
how high it is capable of soaring. The legislatui-e of our 
state will confer great honour on thctnselves, by constant- 
ly turning their attention to the education of both se.xes. 
From the view which I have taken it apjiears evident, that 
tlie efforts which have been made to educate ovir youth, 
have been exclusively favourable to the male se.\, aijd that 
our habits are equally partial. 

When we examine our regulations respecting property, 
we shall probabl> find that the same partiality peivades a 
great part ofour systeiri. The reciiJivjcaJ rights of the 
husband and wife, acquired by marriage, will clearly 
prove my position. Ihe husband is enti.ied, as tenant bv 
the Curtesy, to all the lands of his wife during his life, if 
the wile has had aciijldat any time during the marriage ; 
b.i: if she has never had achildb'rn alive, he is d,-jn-.vcd 
uf any portion of her lands On the other hand, wlien -he 
husband dies, the wife is entitled to one third only of liis 
land Ouring her life ; but this right exists wliether she has 
children or not. Although I pretend not to be skilled in 
the science of calculation, it is obvious that, in a coun.ry 
where early marriages are fashtonallle, at '.east nineteen 
out of twenty of those who are married, are blessed 
with children. Virginia husbands have therefore, nearly an 
equal chance to possess, during their lives, the whole of 
the lands of their wives, which the latter have of one third ■ 
of the lands of the former. Whatever may have been the 
original cause of this distinction, it is certain that it has 
long ago cea.,ed, and I cannot but think that if the case 
had been reversed, and ihe common law had been more 
favorable to the women than the men, our legislature 
would have discovered that it was an odious distinction, 
originating in feudal barbarism, and supported by preju- 
dice and selilshness. 1 he favour shewn to the male sex is 
still more obvious in the regulations resjiecting personal 
property. 'Ihe more a country increases in cominerct, the 
more' does us jtersonal property increase in value, and 
hence the subject becomes daily of more importance in 
Virginia. By marriage, a husband acquires an absolute 
right to dispose of the wh.ile of his wife's personal estate 
during his life, and by his will may dejirive her of the 
whole of it. If, however, site chooses, within a year, to 
claim a legal share of it, she is entitled to one third ; and 
the same provision is made for her in case of the intesta- 
cy ol h'r husband. V h.'n she hasno child, insteadof one 
tiiird, her portion is one half. Let it be remembered also, 
that there is one unfortunate species of personal property 
in Virginia, to which the 'husband acquires and absolute 
right by marriage, but in which the wife can ciil; claim 
the above mentioned proportionyor her life, even although 
the whole may have been originally hers. 'I'he obvious 
tendency of these regulations is to keep the fair in a state 
of entire subjection to the stronger sex. It holds out a 
tempring lure to avarice, and expo#rs the unsuspicious to 
the arts of -the mercenary. Ihavehe.ird of son.e instan- 
ces in which its operations has jjlaeed a sting in the bo- 
soms of the innocent, and brought affliction and destilation 
to the mansions of the virtuous. 

There is one other law which has alwavs appeared to 
nie to be repugnant to the best feelings of human nature, 
and by which the sex is most cruelly and unjttsil;' degrad- 
ed. No person can doubt that the mother has in general 
a mere tender affection for her infant oflspring llan the 
father. In this country it is particularly true, for while our 
men too often roam, from flower to Howe r, our women 
are, with the cons'aiicv of Penelope, devoted to the wel- 
I fare of their families. ' What .hen shall we think of a law 
I v-l.ich authorises the father on his death bed, to de- 
I priYC a virtuoua wife of the gi4»rdianship of hi* chdd, and 

to the most v.-. nhless of the creation. This 
,ly f .und-d on an improper opinion of fe- 

■■— 1' earned ino comple:e operation, it would 

bring discord into every family, and fill every humane 
heart with woe. 

I do not intend to enquire at present into the effects 
which a change of our lavvs and manner, respecting the 
fair sex, would produce. It is sutncient if I have proved, 
that although we have done much, much remains un- 



[Brvoone's lettehs, describing bis '• Tour ihro' Sicily 
and Malta," are well knoim in the literary ■anrld. The 
fdllnving extract from one of time letters, dated, Messina 
(ill Sicily\inay furnish lame amusement to the Americcn 

After dinner our depute-consul (aSicilan) carried us to 
several convents, where we were received by the nnn« 
ith great politeness and affability. We conversed with 
them for some hours through the grate, and found some 
of them by no tjieans deiicieiit, either in of know. 
ledge or sprightliness ; but none of them had siicerity 
nigh (which we met with in Portugal more than once) 
acknowledge the unhappiness of their situation. AH 
pretended to be happy and contented, and declared tliey 
vould not change their prison forthe most brilliant situatU- 
m in life. However, some of them had a soft melancho. 
ly in iheir countenances, that ga\e the lie to their words; 
und lam persuaded, in a tete-a-tete, and a m re intima*. 
cquaintance, they would have t .Id a ver. difierent story. 
Several of them are extremely handsoii.e; but, indeed, I 
think tltey always appear so ; and am very cer ain, froirt 
frequent experience, that there is nj artil'.cial ornament, or 
stupid embellishment wha'Cvcr, that can produce half so 
strong an effect, as the modest and simple attire of a pret- 
ty young nun, placed behind a double ir n grate. To see 
amiable, unailected, and unadorned person, that might 
re been an honourand ornament to sticietv, make a vo- 
luntary resignation of her chan,,s, andgvenp the world 
and all it, pleasures, for a life of fastii.gtu.dmor.ilkaiioiv 
1. cannot tail to move nirpity ; 

" And pity melts the mir.j to love." 

There is annher consideiation which tends much to in. 
crease thcsejeelings ; that is. our total incapacity ever 'o 
alter her situation. — The pleasure of relRving an object in 
distress, is the only refuge we have against the pain which 
the seeing of that object occasions ; but here, this is jtier- 
1; denied us, and we feel with sorrow, that pity is ail w© 
can bestow. 

From these, and the like reflections, a man generallv 
feels himself in bad spirits af-er conversing with amiable 
ntnts. Indeed, itishardl. possible, wiihout a heavy heart, 
to leave the grate ; that inexorable and inijR-netraole bar- 
t'er, — At last we took our leave, expressing our hajjpiness, 
in being atlnii'ted so near them ; but at .he same time 
dejdoring our misery, in seeing them for ever removed at 
so unmeasurable a distance from "US. They were much 
pleased with ourvisit, and bejrged we would ret eat it eve- 
ry day during our stay at Meisina; but this mii,lu prove 
dangerous. \ 


The manufactures of your Country are yet in their cra- 
dle : — By cherishing the infant you may rear him to man- 
hood ; and by abar.tlcning him you may suffer his exist- 
ence to dwindle into annihilation. In tile present state of 
our Agriculture, ofour Manufactures, and of our com- 
merce, the equivalent we render to othercoumries for their 
nianufactures is the rude or unwrought produce of our 
fields and our orchards, our mountains and our forests : As 
popidation increases with the facility wih which the 
means of subsistence orthis produce can be procured, a 
country can scarcely ever be overstocked with them ; and 
every ponion of this produce bartered away to any fo- 
reign nation for anv article which can be furri-^hed at 
home, isjust so much substracted from the wealth of the 

To make an ajiplication of these observations. If a la- 
dy in New-Vork sends to London for a Split Straw Oat or 
bnnret (or, what is tantamount, employs a merchant to 
impf.rt one for her) sii]qiosiiig. for instance, the price to 
be eight dr.llars, she must sent! the eight dollars for it ; or 
what is the fact, she sends the amouni in ; rain, or any o- 
ther current article of exportation. There is, of conse- 
quence, so much the less grain, &c. left in the country 
than won d have been in it had the wearernever felt the 
want for one, or supplied hersi-lf at home. Every Ame- 
rican Lady who semis to Massachusetts for her bonnet in- 
stead of London, or which is the same thing, hu>s one of 
a merchant who imjioris from thence, saves the price of" 
it in goods of her own country, and so far contributes to 
its opulence. 






• The fiTtious i^ronam. Bliiichard, is now at Marseilles, 
Where, iji a hMnm, of a new composition, he Ivis wvtli 
juccer.s iiiaA- his fifty sixth ascension. Citizen Lalande 
biis calculacd that if Blanchard had travelled in one sin- 
kU journey the whole space he has in all his ascens.ons 
run thrcugh, he ni'sh; not only have been able to give us 
news concori-.;nj ihc inhabitants in the moon, bu^ even 
had it in his power to fraerni/e with those of Jupiter.— 
Bianchard's preseni Bailor n is of that extent that it can 
without dan!;;-r, ascend wi'h nine perso-is, not heavierthan 
himself, which was proved on the 6th inst. when four 
Toung ladiA and four youg gentlemen ascended with him, 
and danced a quadrille in the air, 1.500 from the earth ; 
an event v.hlch never before has taken place. The dance 
continued fi.r a qu^'rtcr of an hour, when two of the ladies 
and one ot the ;ven'l-mcn were taken ill, which obliged 
him to descerrtl. Thcv were, however, all well enough to 
appei^r ai the ;hea-rt In the evening, v.-here they were 

receved wi'h repeated tipplause. If i? said that up •■- 

of sixfv candida'es have presei 
ther hail in the air. — 'Juurnal ..'e 

i? said that 
ed themselves for ano- 



Froin*e 1st of Januarv, 1804, to the 8th August, 1805" 
French Emigrants from .St. D.imingo, and wlio were des- 
litu-.eof:,upport,a.idmany of them of cloatldng, have 
been rtlievtdin Charleston, K. C. by charitable donations. 
—This support so gra'eful to the feelings of humanity, a- 
rose from 3,667 dls. 69 cts; of which, about 2.083 dis. 
19cts. were given b. theciii/ens, and the remainder of 
the above sum was contributed by several French residents 
in the city. The above sum being nearly exhausted, the 
various religious societies, and some citizens have contri- 
buted the additional sum of 3,366 dolls 49 cts. for the 
unfortunate emigrants ; and the ladies of Cliailestown, by 
delivering to the coitimittee of Benevolence, various arti- 
cU'b of apparel from their ward-robes, for the feipale indi- 
gents, have contributed their mite. 

ionR-ewlv.— At a sni^.ll vithigr called. Sputfy, near the 
Devd's^Bridi^e, in Snu h Walej, there now live two bro- 
thers, the '. oungest of whom is 96. andthe eldest 102 years 
of age. Tlieold'Stistheliearliest man. He still ciimbs 
•thl?*noun'alus after his flock of slicep, jokes with all the 
travellers >vhi. call at his cot (a small pot house) about 
their goi.ig ..o see the Welch girls, and is stilf very fond of 
taii..ihgof hib own Altiours. 

In a late Lancaster [*iper ^Patent Machine k advi 
far paring cp;>les. by which 21 may be pared in a niir 
with greater saving and neatness than with a knife. 



IT isaverv common practice with the English Farmers 
and it is becoming so in Pennsylvania and some other 
States, to turn in clover sward near sowing time, and 
sow wheat upon it, harrowing in the seed. — This 
saves the exjiense of one or two ploughings, and 
gives also one cutting of grass, or half a summer*s 
pasiurag'e; while the wheat crop is rather better than it 
would be were 'he same land fallowed. The clover by co- 
vering the ground, prevents the sun from exhausting its 
streugih, and when turned in full of sap, makes a rich, 
thou,gh not lasting manure. If the clover be stout, and the 
stouter the better, it should be rolled down, and rolled the 
same way tlie plough is to go, that it may be the better co- 
vered. 'The clover if large and thick, as it may almost any 
■where be niide by the Plaister of Paris, destroys noxious 
weed.^, and by piercing and fi.liiig thegrjund with its roots 
yenders it as mellow as fallowing would do. 


A Grandee of Spain, handing some refreshments to a 
circle of Ladies, observed one with a most brilliant ring, 
a:id was rude enough to say, in her hetiring, " I should 
jirefer the ring to the hand." " And 1," said the lady, 
(looking steadfastly at the glittering order suspended on 
the Don's neck,) " should prefer the collar to the breast." 

A couple of young ladies, liavitig buried their father[who 
was. an old humorist, and had an aversion to matri- 
mony, however advantageous might be the oftcr"] convers- 
ing on his charac'er, the eldest observed, " he is dead at 
last, and we will marry !" Well, said the yoimgest, I am 

for a rich husband, and Mr. C shall be my man." 

" Hold sister said the other, din*t let us be so hasty in 
the choice of our husbands ; let us marry those whom the 
powers ab'tve have destined for us ; for our marriages are 
re;;i!-tered in Heaven's book." " I am sorry for that dear 
•ister, replied the youngest, for I am afraid father will 
tear dut the leaf 1" i 


I was punctual in my attendance on the afflicted father, 
to hear the particulars of his history, whicii he had i:rj- 
misedto relate to me. I found hina silting on the sill of 
his homely cottage ; his eyes wereswoUeii with grief, and 
a sickly paleness overspread his face : Alas, thought I, 
the vital spark is nearly extmct ; a few weeks hence and 
he will be no ntore ! I'ae thought was melancholy ; but a 
consolatory idea presented itself i his worldly troubles will 
ce^sewith his existence. 

I accosted him with constrained cheerfulness ; he re- 
turi.ed iny salutation with an ailectionate squeeze of the 
hand, and desired me to sic down : his house consisted of 
but one apartment ; the furniture was scanty and of the 
meanest kind ; a dog and cat were the only animals which 
it contained ; and these seemed to sympathize in the af- 
liiction of their master. After a short, during 
which I had been noticing tliis comfortless sceiie, the tec- 
bie old man observed to inc, '■ I h,ive not forgot the pro- 
mise I made you yesterday j I will now try tolultilit; 
come nearer — ,ny v. /ice is weak :" I sat down by his 
side, and wijied a tear from his shrivelled cheek j — he rest- 
ed his anji upon my knee, and began as follows : 

* I was raised in this neigiibourhood, a few miles dis- 
' taut from this place ; the early part of my life affords 
' nothing which can aftbrdyou information or amusement; 

• at the age of seventeen I enlisted in our army, then 

• marcninj against the ferocious Indians, who were coin- 
' mitting cruelties on our frontier inhabitants. — 
' The duties of asoldier were not then so triBiiig as the.) 
' now are. Nor was the chaijtcter of asoldier chen viewed 

• with that disrespect which it now is. lit limes oi war 
I and of danger, ihc soldier is commended and respected, 
' because he -is one of the most useful in the community ; 
' he protects his country from its enemy : and secures the 
' defenceless female and the equally defenceless old mao, 
' like mvself.from insult & injury But in times of peace 

• he is tie.pised; he lives in idleness and preys on the la- 

• boiir of industry. After spending live years in the lodi- 
' an wars, I quitted the army to return to the place ot my 
' nativ'ty; my heart gladdened ?s I drew near ; my pa- 

• rents residetl on yonder hill ; I had kit them in health ; 
' but hadhever once heard from them during in) absence; 
' a thought now struck me which had not o.;fjr^ occur- 
' red : might not some accident have hapjiened to m at- 
' feclionate parents during so long an interval ; iidgn 

< not the hand of death have arres ed their progress '■ 1 he 

• thought was chilling to my youthful bjojd i but I v.ronUl 

• not-indulge myself in such ideas; I shdl probably 

• lYiy aged parents sitting by their comfoi table lire-side, 
' and they will welcome home tlieir long absent son wiih 
' paternal hos])it_ality ; — it was a bleak windy day in the 
' latter part of Nivember ; I buttoned up my coat, and 

■ whistling the accustomed tune of an old march,'! ad 

' vanced towards my father's plantation ; in passing 

< if, I necessarily came by the old grave-yard, that same 
' grave-yard alas ! which con;ains my Mary I that same 

< grave-yard, young man, where you yesterday left me !' 
The recollection affected him ; he paused, aad fe.ching a 
sigh continued, • I was p,assing by the grave-yavd, when 

■ 1 recollected the many playful hours which I had passed 

• amongst the trees which surrounded it ; 1 felt an incli- 

< nation to review this favorite spot, and advanced through 
' the trees, when guess my surprise, at beh'dding two 

■ graves which had been filled since my departure from 
' home ; 1 was convinced these were the graves of my 
' father and mother, and I hastened to the house with a 
' quick, yet fearful step, in expectation of having the dole- 
' ful tidings confirmed ; my conjecture was, alas ! too 
" true ! My parents for near two years, had slept in thesi- 
' lent grave ! this intelligence was given me by on oldne- 

< gro servant, who being unable to work, had been left on 
' the place to starve, by my father's executors, who had 
' carried oif every other moveable ; but the poor old ne- 
' gro had found rheans tojjrolong his existence, till then, 

• by begging among the neighbours, who knowing his 

• former honesty and fidelity, gave him from time to time 
' a morsel of food. 

' old father and you shall yet find pr-oiecin n.— . "••••• 
' The disgrace of her daughter entirely overcome her mo. 
' ther. Her constitution was already gready impaired ; 
' she was seized with a fever which in two da *s terminated 
■ her life ! Pity me, stranger ! Pity the cruel sufferings of 
' a parent and a husband'.' — I did m^st sincerely pity the 
unfortunate old man ! But wliat could I do for him I 
Nothing alas! Death only could give him peace ! He 
seemed to look on it wi'h complacency ; as the only phy. 
stcian that could effect hts cure ! I begged him, however, 
to be comforted; & assuring him that ! should call on him 
the next day, took my leave. 

H A R L E y. 


On Saturday last, the 6lh inst. James Hayes, Esq. aged 
44. The virtues of hospitatity and benevolence, weiecon- 
spicuous traits in this gentleman's character. He was 
just and correct in all his dealings with mankind — a ten- 
der husband, and affectionate parent, a huntaue master, 
and a friendly neighbour. 

on Sundav the Tth inst. at New-Castle, whither 

he had gone on bu.»ines,s, Mr. Smith Blahy, of this city. 

on Mond.ay last the 8th- inst. after an illness of 

some months, ^'Vfr.i.MtLin 'Am/'i'c, of this city. 

on Saturday the 22(1 ult after a verv short ill- 
ness, Mr. P trici Henry, of Amherst, in the 22d year of 
his age. He has left numerous rcla'ives and friends to la- 
ment his irreparable loss, among \\'hom is a most amiable 

It is with great pain we state, [savs the National Intelli* 
fencerofOct. 10,"] that tde Mail of yesterday, from New- 
Orleans, brought the intelligence of the death pf Gover- 


' A few years after, I married the daughter of a re- 
spectable planter ; we were poor, but v/e loved, were in- 
dustrious, and lived happily together for many years ; 
a lovely daughter, our only child, was our pride and de- 
light ; it was our constant care to teach her virtue and 
industry ; to cherish in her young heart the sentiments of 
humanity and benevolence ; but how have our endea- 
vours terminalcd ! Great God ! the thought distracts 
me !' ••»«i»»«i>»'»'''»He wept bitterli — 
My wife (continue! the old man) has o'ften told me of 
the pleasure we should enjoy in the haj)py marriage of 

our Sophia ; but our hopes alas, were blasted ! About 

12 months past, a young man in the neighbourhood first 
paid his addresses to Sophia ; hevow.ed the most solemn 
attachment ; he won the youthful heart of the unfortu- 
nate girl i and to crown his perfidious villainy, he finally 

seduced her ! Gracious Gf«d! what were in/ feelings ! 

' In the first heat of passion 1 ordered her from my house! 
< I shut my doors against my miserable child ! — It is now 
1 ten davs since I forced her to quit this house, the only 
I one where she could hope to find protection or shel- 
' ter ! Whers are you ray Sophia ! Return to your poor 

A letter from cur fleet off the Texel, says a London pa- 
per, dated ibe 6.h iiist. states, that for a week past they 

have expected the enemy to put to sea. Intelligence 

from Odessa men ioits. 'hat in pursuance of an ordinance 
oi^hU Russian m.tjest . ,an emb irgo has been laid on all the 
vcsselo in that port ; iVom vrher.cen isconcluded, that the 
Russian govertiTneut purposes to embark all the trooj.'S 

can'oncd in their neighbourhood. The emigrations 

from Ireland to .America, within the last twelve m: iiths, 
are state.l to have amounted to 17,000 ; and the linen 
rade, .hat siapU- comir.otii'.v of the countr>-, to have de- 
creased 8,000,000 yards in proportion to what it a nnutit. 

ed to in the preceding year. The Wa't rford Mirr r, 

the ith, contains an extracted of a Ifetter d.tcd New-South 
Wales, March 10,«vhich sates, that on that da; week, 
the rebellious part of th." Irish prisoners broke into op]).. si-; that they wer»quickly dispcrsetU their leaders, ten in 
number, having been taken, and all were in.tned-.a'ely 

hung- The aflairs of Egypt still continue in confusi- 

on. Tlie Beys gained another viotorv. i had, ac- 
cordiii|r to last accounts, laid siege to grand Cairo. 
The election for Representat\ves to congress, and for 
members of the General Assembly, was held in Octob.r 
throughout the state of Mar\ land No doubt is entertain- 
ed of a republican result. N. R. Moore, and William 

MacCrcery, both republican, has been re-elected almost 
unanimously representatives in Congress"l<>r the city and 
county of Baltimore.. The Massachusetts election 
tookplace on the"th ult. All the old members of Con- 
gress are re-elected, except Mr. Baldwin who declined. — 
Capt. Hopkins, oftheshijj Hermione, who arriv- 
ed at Boston on the 2d Octobet, in 47 days from the isle 
of Mat', informs, that while at St. Michael's the Gover- 
nor of Partugal, was making great preparations in the 
AVestern islands, to raise an army to go as a reinforce- 
ment against the blacks of South America. Capt. H. 
sailed from St. Michael's the last of July, and also r^-ports 
that no men were allowed to depart from the Islands at 

that time. It is with considerable pleasure, says the 

Norfflk Herald, wehavc observed the very many valuable 
cargoes oflare, brought into this ]>ort : and w« are inform- 
ed bv a commercial friend who is in the habit of transact- 
ing business at the Custom-House, that the duties on mer- 
chandize, tonnage, &c. amounted to the sum of 120,000 
dollars, during the month of Angus' last ! ! — and there is 
now belonging to this district about 20,000 tons of regis- 
tered vessels. 



IXy THOSE Gentlcmtn loho haw been Hvd enoii^^ to re- 
celiie siibscrimions for " The Virgi::ia Muga?.i:te ,• or AI->rlA- 
Iv Miscellany," are rerpiested to return lists of such names as 
they haiie been able to obtain, so soon as convenient, as the 
first numher'.,certainly mate its appearance on ttie first 
day of Dccembe- next. There mill be at least oae elcghnt 
cottficr -Plate emraxinv attached to each number. 
'■^ ^ * * y.OIXCN. 

JtiibmonJ, Oeloitr 1, 1804, 




[The follaaing beautiful tinea arefrcm the pen of Mr. Sel. 
1.ECK O.BORNE. The. ptenJ^ of the poetry „,ul the ten- 
derneiiofaentiitunt which they breathe, provet the geniua 
efibi author to be of no ordinary ea»t.'\ 

I'VE seen in twilight's pensive hour, 

Tlie iiios«.claa dome, the moulU'rinr tower. 

In awful ruin stand ; 
That dome, where grateful voices sunf, 
That tower, where chiminj music rung. 

Majestically grand ! 

I've seen, mid sculpiur'd prijje, the tomb. 
Where heroe's slept, m sili-nt gloom, 

Unconscioiisof their fame ; 
Those who, with laurel'd honors crown'd 
Amonj; their ft>es sjircad terrors round. 

And gain d — an empty name ! 

I've seen, in death's dark pabce laid, 
'I'he ruins of a Waureous maid, 

Cadaverous ai)l|;'pale ! 
The maiden wl.i; while life remained,. 
IJ ci- rival charms ill trium;,h reign'd 

The mistress of the vcle. ' 

I've seen, where dnnijenn damps abide, • 
A youih adoni'd in iftanhood^s pride. 

In fancied greatness rave ; 
He, who in Reason's happiest day. 
Was virtuous, witty, nobly jay, ' 

Lcarn'd, generous and iirave.' 

Nor dome nor tower, in twilight shade. 
Ivor hero fallen, nor beauteous njaid 

To ruins all consign'd, 
Can, with such pailios, touch my breast. 
As (on the maniac's foni, imprest) 

■lllC nUINS Of A NOIILE Ml.-S»! 



TuKE-.. 71/,,,/,, 2j,.^„„ ,, 
THE nisht was cold, l:een blew the blast, 
i ne ram ni whelirung forrcnts fell 

When Pat with sorrov.' overrpt, ' 
, " a,.iiiiiv overcast, 

His plaintive talc »;as heard lo tell • 

•' My tender wii:e, and children dear 

Arc from my sight tor n er torn ' 

How can I longer tarry here ! 

My friends are all to dungeons borne. 

1 had a tyrant landlord, base, 
Who saw my heart to Erin > earn'd 
tvei, w_„h the STOund my cot did rase, 
And fir d my substance dearly earn'd, 
IJnmov d, remorseless now he sees, 
My cottage falling as i, burns. 
My wife for mercy, on her knees, 
Irom her. with ruthless frowns he spurns. 

Ah ! when will that bless'H Jay arrive. 
When Union bright, on do,*ny wing,' 
(L.v OM. for Which we all should strive). 
SUall to old Erin coniforl bring > ■' 

Ah ! when it conies we'll all unite 
Corruption from our lapd to chase' 
And then we'll see the prospect bright. 
Of friendship, happiness, and peace* 



And all my cruel pains beguil. ■° ' 

K^A?<r '"■■'• l"^ ^Wh""Pl''res,. 
Andb,4„,„^„ for hap,,i„ess ! ' 

Bm nf.T "'f "'"8 '">som give- 
But O ! I fearthou dostdeceive 
Wy reason wishes. O ! beware ' 
And cai-efully avoid the snare'' 
X'or Hope to Lc^., is nearallv'd, 
i!':' """^"'"i'-d »"d sun:-st ^ide 
*! I' mie, relief thou dostimp^t. 

But should thy promises prove vain. 
If di an,' " ''"' "Sgravare mv pai„' , 
If disappointment should destroy 
I nose riatterin.f dreams of cir. ■ ■ 

*W want the powerio give „.e aid! 

What then could charm my soul to rest. 

Or calm the tumults of my breast > 

Then come despair ! I'll bear the "^^t 
And take possession of my heart 



Pure is the dew that gems the humid hours, 

When bright Aurora waves her golden win? 
Sweet as the blushing ro.e. gay queen of Howers, 

And grateful as the bland approach of spring : 

Soft as the glow that Hesperus imparts 

When zephyrs waft the balmy breath of even j 

So sweet, so soothing, to ingenuous hearts- 
is Sympiitby; benignant boon of Heaven. 

Come to -my aid, diffusing light afar! 
In all the modest grace of virtue drest 

Come to niy aid, thou bright etlierial star, 
And shed thy genial influence on my breast. 

By Seraph's hands, thy vivid beams are form'd 
And artless love attunes thy dulcet hy • < 

Cheer'd by tl;y smile, Hope's lambent tiam'e is warm'd 
Aiul 1 line s dun rhadows, glide unmark'd away. 


A gambler laid one night awake, 
Reiiecting what he ne-;t should stake. 

His every stiver gone : 
No cash, y course, no friends were left. 
His rooms of furniture bereft. 
' Coat, haf, and *ig in pawn. 
Thu3 pondering— in ilii?ronm he spied 
A thiet, to whom he cooly crieil, 

'• My imeat friend, away ! 
'Pon honour, keen must be ihv sight, 
Ifthoudiscovei'st aught bv night. 

When I find nought by tlay"" 

[T^rl Folio.] 


Pains, so unknown before, mv bosom move 
I can : help thinking, Chlcc, I'm in love : 
Nay, frown not thus ! I am in love, lis true- 
Jiur on my life, d. ar Chloe, not mith you .' 




whos^wo'lks'ha: '""' 'T '^"- r -^"^'"^ 
F,,rZ Z , , "?" ''"■" '■"'' •''"'' admired by al' 
£«™/,e, resided at a little town in France. Some disan 
pointments .n his native country had firs, driven hb a' 
broad and he was aficrwa,ds induced to reman, here 
fro* having found, in this retreat whcr/. th. ' 

even &f nation and a, gua'e were ivoided T T"""'?" 

, . '■^ "^'•^uA^c \\ ere avoiacci, a perfect sec'n 

sion and retirement highly favorable to the devebipement 

of his time.'^ ^'"'' ''■'''"' "' '"'"-"^ »" '"« «ri«rs 

Perhaps in th* structm-e of such a mind as Mr •, 

the hner and more delicate sensibilities are seltiom !,„„ 
to have place, or if originally implanted there are ^a 
gnat measure extinguished bv the exertinni of ;„, 
study and profound ^ivestigation. Il'^^ceX idea f p'w 

^elb al.and m common language, the forjner word is of. 
ten used ,o express the lat,er.-Our philosopher has been 
censured by some as delicient in warmth and feelins- • 
and It 13 certain, that, if he not easily melted i no 
nevolencr* " '"'''' "''"'' "" '^"*'"" 'okwakenhis be- 

t»h?r,T"''"'^; '*■'""' .'■^ satbnsied in those speculations 
which afterwards astonished the world, an old femri. do 
mes*. u' who spi-upr! ii;.« r . , icinaie ao- 

iiics.u wno served him for a UoiKekeeper, broue-ht h;,« 



some distant countr-r anrt ^h■a^^^« f^»u^'i.""i V""" 

h^ I rr","",."""" '•■'■■•I aside the volume in h 

.owed his.^„J/;-l;-r,^- -. -d "^ ^°'- 

'Twas the best in the little inn where thev l^v t ,„ i 
try one not^vithstanding. Mr _!'',,'•'""''"'' 

Hock-bed, at one end I-,.- ,;,. „ij ""cnn-«jos. — Una 
at the foot of itsat liU d,„'w. ^?" *"" "^^'"^ '° "»" i 


watching , 
and his ho 
•m without 

it as she bent for 
lier father. Mr. - 
some moments in 
irg sensible of th,.. ^.,.^,,„„ 
raid the old woman at last, in a ■ 
showed one of the finest "faces 
touched, not spoiled with sorrow 
ihom the old wema 

languid 1-ols cf 
eeper had stood 
ycurg lady's be- 

;■ " Mademoiselle !" 

; lone — She turned and 

1 the world It was 

Mid whin she perceived 
now introduced i 

his onl 

a blush at first, and then the gen-le cercmoni-.l „f 7 .• ■ 
I politeness, which the affli-tion o f L , ? '** 

lid not e-itini-nUI, ;i r '"" tempered but •,. 

ts e"pre=s 2 Twa^" "^"' ^ ""-rient. and' changed 
IS e.\pression. Twas sweetness all, however and ournhl 

oflered his services in a few sincere ones •■ Mo • ' r 
"■■serably ill here." said the gouvernante; ■■ If he' couldhl 
moved any where." If hecould pos ibK be tr'ov I « ' 

Wend":,:! iJetw" "'"'"''• "' ^'^ ^ =1--^ 1^ f^r a 
i.iena, anil there was a garret room unoccupied nevt t,> 
the gotivernante's. It was contrived accorSnHv Tl ^ 
re^^'o'iMll" "rr- "'"'"^^'<' '-=< ^crupl? OioS 


use tolu.r fTti.«.. -i-A. • I ** "''* "' ner bcliet of Its 
use toner lather. The sick man was v.'ni.t Ir, i i i 
and carried across the street to the p2/ 1 "^"'<"». 
The old woman helped hi," al'ighle"; t^nufse^hltZre ' 
The surgeon, who arrived soon after, nrescribeT, r,,i 

ter^oVhrs'.nr,t '"h '"" ''"'' '"■™"' "-^ '•'"'"^ ^"'! ^harac- 

^erhnd. called ia J?„cle,'a\?[d tvcr" w^^'f ' "m " f f""- 
ed his wife ^f.,., , 1 r • " ' '■'^■° '"J 'atcly buri- 

ravpll'ni i 1 u "*^''""' ''"g"-'"S Illness, for which 

-hn/ .1, 1 ^''' ^"'' '"''^"'■h'^ly journev, wi-l, 
-hild, the daughter we have mentioned. ' 

is a devout man as became his profesiior IT,- 
possessed devotion in all its warmth, but with nT.e of its 

vo.ion,neverta-Vreli;d "hbT-Iie'ts^lf. "^ou er"° ?; 
r-n'cd the old man and his daughter in the mavers ard 

oo"wfs';";fe: :•'■"" "r r "' ™ "---e':- ; z: t^t 

o ''.nher wked'ont'wih '"•",' °' *' village.Irhe pli^-;. 
left hem to ,1 !"s long stalTand his dog.and-*' 

lett .hem to prayers and thanksgivmsrs - ° M» ' 

master., said the old woman. • alasl hel no, a oliHS^ 

<.a„ but he ,s he bet of nnhclxvers.' ■ Not a ChrhtVa •• 
-— -e.«laimcd Mademoiselle Za S^che. • veTs.neTmr 

fcher ! Heaven bless him for't , I wculd, ^e wW^i 
. ehiW r-.^ ,,' "t "^ " ''"''' inhuman kno«-rt«ge, „Nr-'^ 
^SofitciYlio'n he'"'"'"'"" "'""^ ni^t^th^ 

• those of dissipated and licentious chaiac'ters'', ^y.'some? 
tmies. I have known the latter more easily co^.^er.ed ,„ 
the true faitli than the former, becau-e the fume of nas" 

ri and delusive speculation.'—. EutMr ' said his 

'h:e'd'::'. ■ ^'^s r- ''■''"■ "^ ^"!" ^^ ^ ^'-'"'- " ='-' 

l.n '1 !l ;? '^'i''', '"'""-"P'^d !>)■ <he arrival cf their 

kinulord.—He took her hand with an air of kindness^ 
She drew it away from him in silence ; threw-down h^V 

eves to the ground, and left the room i have been 

hanking God,' said the gpcd La AWhe. • for mv ::co/e- 
rv. .That is right,' i-epliedhis landlord—. I would not 
«;" w s'e'-'d'r," "T, ''t """: ''"'"•■"3>v. -to think o. 
. T.lo u V 1 , "°"™J'!;P«"''' S-atitude to that Being. 
I should barely be satisfied with my recov.-rv. as a conti- 
nuation of liie which, it may be, is n.t a r«l goodTl 

. ^, to i'"c^ '" 7"l'} ^""^ '*'"'• "''" y" l>»d left 

me to die, Sir, instead of kindly relieving me fhe clasii 

: =d Mr '3 hand) ;-but, when I loo\ on [ is re, L 

vated being as the gih of the Almighty, 1 feel a far dif- 

erent senti,„en«-my heart dilates with gratitude and 

love o llim : It IS prepared for doing his will, not as i 

duty but as a pleasure, & regards every breach of it, not 

■ WMh disapprobation, but with horror.'—. You are rit-h, 

; "7 '■'" ^",:\"f'"^ ""= philosopher ; < but you are nol 

vet re-estabhshed enough to talk much— you iviust tale 

' care of your health, and neither study nor preach for 

sometime. have been thinking ov^r a scheme that 

St, uck me to day, when you mentioned your intendedJe- 

pamire. I never was in Switzerland; I have a great 

mind to accompany your daughter and you imo that ' 

' country.-I will help to take care of you bv the roiui for 

• as I was your first physician, I hrld myself responsible 

ior your cure,' La Porhe\- eyes glistened at the propo. 

sal ; his daughter was called in and told of it. She was 

equally pleased with her fa! her j for they really loved their 

landlord— not perhaps the less for his fidelity :'at least that 

circumstance mixed a sort of pity with their regard for 

him— -their souls were not of a mould for harsher feelings • 

hatred never dwelt in them. ° ' 



yoay L. COOK tsf SEATON CnANTL.iNa, 


came to visit; || whebe pri 

o IN' CEynn.M. is ; 








RICHMOND;— 7C'£5i)^i; OCTOEER 22, ISOk. 

[NOIBEI, r] 



rf iliis litilc ! 



1st. — .■ The MiNr.HVA" will be rca'^jr printed, 
weekly, or. a h;ilf-shcet Super-Royal paper. 

2il. — The torms are two uollap.s per annuin to 
be paid in advaiicc. 

3(3. — A han(Uo]ine fitte-page and tabfe of contends 
will be fumithecl (gratia) M. tlie completion of each 


Thejbilowing woi commtmicated to us from respectable au- 
tbority, and v.t have no doubt if its Mng liter aUy cor' 


Vv'beil the train of human events appears to oeviate 
from its wonted cniirse, and becomes produc-ive of cbarac- 
ttis altogeiiier rtew and unexampled, it has a claim on the 
world to be pcipetulted. 

An instance of this kind where na'ure has 'Appeared stir- 
pr'.sing;!)* to wander from its wonted operations, isdispl.'iy. 
eJ il^the character, and manner cf life, exhibited by a 
ccrtSn female in the vicinity cf this town. Wenfienhear 
ir.en from various morives. preferring a lite of soliiude 
in some gloomy cavern of the earth ; but to find one of 
the fair sex Ininiurcd in a cave, wholly excluded from hu- society, is a rare phenomenon. 

Acquainted wi'h all their delicacy of body, thrir n.^»n 
ral riinidy of mind, their loquacity of temper, and their in- 
ordinrflc I'^ve of seeing and being seen, to find them for- 
saking aU human society for ihe dreary haunts of savage 
beasts, ajipears. when rdaied, too romantic to gain bu- 
llet'. y« the re»a«rinay rely on the 5e<;uel, as a. simple 

R,\R AH BISHOP (for this is the name of this Her- 
niiiess) is a person cf about fifty years of age. About 
thirty years ago she was a young lady of ctnibiderable 
beauty, a competent share of mental endowments, a:id e- 
ducation ; she was possessed of a handsome fortune, but 
she \\as of a lender and delicate constitutlbn, and enjoyed 
but alow degree of health : she could hardly be comforta- 
ble without con: recourse to medicine, and iar.;rul at- 
tendance ; and added 'to this, she always discovered an 
unusual antipathy to men ; and was often heard lo say, 
that she hadnodVcad of an/ animal but man, — Disgusle.l 
wi'h thein, and conseipiently with the world, about twen- 
ty-three years ago, she withdrew herself from ad human 
societ; , and n» ih.e bh>on^ of life resorted to the rnoun»ains 
which divide Salem from Nor'.h-Salem ; where she has 
spent her days to the present time, in a cave, or rather in 
a cleft of th* rock, witb.drawn from the society of every 
living creature. Yesterday, (in coini>any with the two 
Captain Smiths of this town) I went into the mountains 
to visit this surprising Hermitage, a just portrait of which 
is contained in the following lines. 

As you pass the southern and ittost elevated ridge of 
the mountain, and begin to descend the southern steej), 
you meet with a perpf r.dicular descent of a rock of j.b'jut 
ten feet, in the front cf which is this cave. At the foot of 
this rockib agen'le dcsccntof rich and fertile ground, ex- 
tending aboir ten rods, when it instamly forms a frightful 
precipice descending abnuT half a mile to the pond, known 
by the name of the L'u.g fimul. On the right and left of 
this fertile ground, the mmntaln rises in clifts, and almost 
iiKluses it, being a square of one half acre. In the front 
cfthe rock on th« nnr.h, where the cave is, and level with 
the ground, there appears to be a large frustrttin of the 
reck, cf a cubic fathom in size, thrown out of the rock by 
ti'xr.s unknown convulsion of nature, and lies in front of 
the cavity frim whence it was rent, partly inslosing the 
mouth, and forining a room of the same tlimensions with 
ihffustruin itself, the rock is left entile above, andfoiTOs 
the roof of this huitible mansion. 

This cavern, is the habitation of this Hermitess, in 
•which she has sprnt twenty three of her best years, self, 
txch.dcd from all human socictv. She kteps no domesti- 
ca-ed animal, not even a fowl, a cat, or a dog. Her little 
plantation consisting of one half acre, is cleared of its 
»ord and reduced to grass, but she makes but little use of 
it, e.vcf pting that she has raised, a few peach trees on it, 
and she plants yearly, a few hills of beans, cucuinbers and 
potatces. The whi^ is Mirrounded with a luxuriant 
growth of grape vines, which overspread the surrounding 
wood, and produce grapes in great abundance. ^> the 

t, or cave, is a fine 
sues from the side of 
the meuutain, and loses itself in this plat. 

At.this fountain wc found this wonderful woman, whose 
appfXranccTsa'lhtle difficult to describe ; indeed like na- 
ture in its first estate, she was without form, that is, she 
appeared in no foim cr position I htid ever seen before : 
her dress appeared little else but one confused at;d shape- 
less mass of rags, patched together without any order, 
whirh obscured cvev^ hunian shape, excepting her, 
v/ti'ch NOftM^athedwiih a luv-ili.T'.icy cf lank grey ha, r, 
depC'iuing on every side, just as nature and time had ro: 
tried it, wht.Uy devoid of any artificial covering or orna- 

When she discovered oui-approach she exhibited the ap- 
pearance of an} other wild and timid animal. She starr- 
ed, looked wild, and hastened wiih the utmost precipi.a- 
titju to her cave, which she entereii and barricaded the en- 
trance with old shells* »\hichshe had pulled from the de- 
cayed trees. To this humble niansicn we approached, and 
af tr some conversation with her, we obtained liberty to 
remove the palisadoes and look in ; for we were not able 
to efiter, the room being only sufncient to accommodate a 
single person. Vt'e contersed with her for some consider- 
able time, ftnind her to be of a souiid rnliid, a re.igious 
turn of ihcught, and to be en irely happy and contented 
wifh her siiuaiiim ; of this she has given to others re- 
peated dern.>nstraiion, v.-ho have, in vain, solicited her to 
quit this dreary abode. — We saw no utensil, eicher for la- 
bour or cookery, except a<i old pewter bason, and a goard- 
shell ; no bed 'but the solid roc:-:, unless it were a fcv*- old 
r.1gs, sca^^ered here ard tite^-e upon it ; no bed clothes of 
anv kind j nor the least apufearance of any sort of food, ik 
no'fire. ' 1 

She has indeed a place in ine corner of her cell, where 
she kindled lire at times, bijt ic did not appear that an\ 
fire had been kindled there this spring. To confirm this 
opinion, a certain man says,^hat he passed her cell five cr 
six days after the great fall (jf snow in the beginning ft 
March last, that she nt^niie then, attd had rot bee<' 
(tut of her cave since the sntjw had fallen. How sh.. .-uh 
sists durinjt the severe ^zst)>m,.-is^et a tnyr^^erv^ --Stwrswis 
she ears but little Hesh of afly kind, and it isdiiVicnlr 'r ini- 
agine Itow she is support.! through the winter season. In 
the rummer she subsists or, the berrie-,, nu's, and roots 
which the ittouittains alToitl. Ir may be that she secretei 
herwinter store ill some other fissure of the rock, more 
covenient for the ]>ui'pose than the cell she inhabits. 

She keeps a Biblewith lier.and saysshe takes much sa- 
tisfacti(;n, and spends much time in reading in it, andme- 
dittiting thereon. It may be this woman is a sincere w«r 
shipper of God ; if so, she is ;etmo.-e rich, wi;e,anJhap- 
jiy, than thousands in afflutnce and hou tur, who bch' id 
her with astonishment and sconi. A^anyrate, froin th^s 
humble, yet astonisni-a.g pttge of human nature — we read 
a most excellent lecture on the human \ieart. It ^/as the 
peculiar slate of this woman's heart whicli drove her to 
firsake the society of man, and led her to this solitarv 
mansion. The peculiar relish "f the human heart v.'ill 
embrace solitude, dishoiiur, deformitv, and death itseif 
f<'r happiness, whilst i.s antipa lues can eii.bicter a para- 
dise of joy. Reason has no power against its inlluence ; 
it is not the energy of science, bu a heart formed to a 
wise, decent, and useful life, that must regenerate the 

• JJf " shells," tve suppose our correspondent tneans thin 
pieces of timber split frmn Jailing trees. 


AS lintend to give a fiithful account of the most dl.s- 
tinguished of my customers, I shall begin with a fashion- 
ARi.E vovNG LADV, who Called last week at mysho]) for 
a full length picture. She was an excellent figure, hand- 
some, and remarkably easy and a-p-eeable in her behavi- 
our. She v/as fashiona'oly, and, I need not add, very ex- 
pensively dressed. You may suppose, Mr. Editor, that I 
was not a little gratified at the appearance of such a cus- 
tomer. I sprung out of my chair and fiew around the 
room, in such agitation, that 1 kicked over my easfl, up- 
set three gallipots, and came within a hair's hmadth of 
dashing my old Refector to pieces. At lenth, having eve- 
ry thing in readiness I began the work. " JIadam," said I, 
" will you part your locks on your forehead a little, that I 
may be enabled to see the color and shape of your eye." — 
"Oh, sir," said she, simpering, •■you must paint the 
lucks and the eyes as they are, because it is the fashion to 
wear the hair iinhis way." — " It matters not what the 
fabhionis," I replied, " for should I paint j-ou with your 

l.air lii '.his rituation, ihe e;e.i :.nd the forehead, the finest 
part of the face would be wh llv l-.^s^" I used inatiy argu- 
luents to persuade her to remove this shade from her coun- 
tenance, but all in vain. She persisted, and I wn obliged 
to ccmply. After sketching the tace, I prorcei', -d ilown- 
wards : the boscm w as next to be copied. '■ VVha' a pi- 
ty," I exclaimed, " that this part 'is not concealed, in- 
stead of the forehead." A thousand singular ideas crowd- 
ed into my imagination, as I reflected on this strange in- 
consistency i.i female fashion. Imadenogrcat haste ii 
performing this part of my task. I was so much taken 
Uj. with gazing, that !»y tji'Ic' hung cire! !■ j! i,i, u. ■ 
thuinb, and m\ pencil actually once fell from my fingers. 
Thi.i ihrew the young lady into some confusion. I apo- 
logi/ed and proceeded. The shoulder and ann were next 
pou.-trayed. In drawing the elbow, I found it necessary to 
heighten my fit sh-colourto a deep purple ; fcr altht ugh 
the skin ot her face and bosom was uncommorlv whi e 
and fair,her elbow was rough, high-cop ured and u'lcome- 
ly. '■ I thinkth.-.t ismuch toodark, Mr. P.-tUet," said 
she, casting her eye on the picture. ■' Not at all madam," 
I replied, •• pray compare it." She placed her elbow upon 
the canvass. •■ It injures the looks tf the picture," said 
she. •• Not more than it injures the looks of the te.tlity, 
madam." She proi)Osc(i to have the elbow covered with 
a glove. I approved the plan. Nothing now remained 
but the drapery. She was dressed in white muslin, very 
fine and tran.sparcnl. My shnp-docr was ojftn aiid vul- 
garly exposed live joint called the knee. My pencil, faith- 
lul to its duty, immediately threw on all the shades that 
were necessary to make the picture a true co))y cf the o- 
riginal. This called a blush into her face. I arose to 
^Iml the door. On again t.iking my seat, I observe J 'hat 
she had so disponed the folds of her gown that the shape 
of the knee was no longer visible. I took the l!in% a-iil in- 
stantly altered the picture. "Ah," said I as she l.f; lie 
jhup, *' if all fashionable young ladies could have their 
uncouth and ridiculous modes of dress ]iroperlv exposetl, 
they would not hesitate to strike them cut tf tie pic- 



TO obtain the title of pre-eminence in beautv hat ccn. 
sinned more solicitude in the b"soms of m.any fenialus, 
than, I am afraid, ought to hav?been lavi-hedon so 'nily 
an inconsiderable thing. The common itlrai of a beauii- 
fil woman is this — She must be elegantly rhaped; have 
a peculiarly fine coin|lcxirn, where the liilics. ri-'cj, and 
vioicis, must bend their tints in sweet assemblage ; her 
eyes must out-; parklc tlu" diamonds in her hair ; and h.r 
whcle behaviour must Jirrclaini her the unrivalled star if 
the happy circle which she des'gns to illumiitate wi'li her 
peei less presence. If a woman is possf sseil of the above 
attractions, by theni. alore sh«'Considers herself invincible; 
Every sound of her syren vice, she imagines, is anned 
with inevitable destruction. N<. n^an can gaze on hep 
rosy lips, but he must fa'ic Cupid lies rlimibering there^ 
ready to start up, and stiikehis heart with an arrow din- 
ped in iheHame of her eye. But, alas ! the is mistaken, 
if slie conceives that a piece of '* painted clay,^* cm warm 
the breast cf a man cf sense ! He may gaze wih w)iid.-r 
a- the elegantly proper ioned featiires and fine colnurli-gof 
a iT.erely handsunie face; but the impression will be eva- 
nescent : and the next pretty girl h.e meets wi.h, by ex. 
ci'inj the same einoticns, will compleatly er-rdicate 'he 
foniier. Yet there is a stile of hesu'v, which even the. 
/r?« /i^//wJ/toer cannot withstand. When the mo'-.t et- 
quisitely moulded features are sweetly sot'ened ami har- 
monized into the divine expression of sentiment and ur- 
banity ; v/hen the lustrous eye of its lovely possessor ti-orn- 
blea, beneath the sym])athi/.ing dews of pity; or, whoTi 
lighted up by gonius and enthusiasm, in reflx-'s in its ar- 
dent and reftilgcnt bosom, the glorious movements of tins 
inward soul. It is then, and only then, tVit the won.i i 
resembles thc'angel I It is then, and only thrn, ihit thi 
soft beams cf Iter gentle eye slide into the heart of maa 
and make hiaihers forever f 

I have often contemjilated, with i)leasure, an el-^gant 
statue; but 1 remained perfectly calm. I have manv 
tinncs ga/.etl on living faces, perhaps, equally tine r and 
with the same iinrulP.ed serenity, I assented to their boati- 
ty, but 1 did not feel it ; because the women 1 looked oft 
ajipeared to be asdevcitl of mind as the statuary. On ti\c 
revtrse, I have accideiitally raised try head, and have met 
the passing glance of an angel, where the soul of a celes-i- 
al being set med to reign J I have felt its glQwingra. a 
stri!:e my luart like eltclricily ; raising such a. tuniu't in 
my bosom and my senses, that I could not have told she 
had any other feature in the face than an eye. But that 
eye possessed both the lustre and the properties of iho 
sun, warming our hwriB With its rayi and »ttr»cting them 
towai-ds it. 



For 1804. 

This is the beauty that 1 w^ uld wish iny faii 

is blu 

and brilliant tliat it has the power to wound ; nor because 
it is black and radiant Ji ir i;s ptneirating powers smk in- 
to the ininost dcpihsof the soul. No ; its force rests not 
on the varying basii. of colours ; we must see a richly cul- 
tivated and highly polished mind, shine through its mir- 
ror ; me must see exquisitely delicate sentimeius melio- 
rate its dazzling lustre ; we must see the reducing soft- 
ness of sweet humanity, swim over its humid surface. In 
ehort — if I may use the expression— a /c^ue/j- suiU is the es- 
sence of beauty. S- 


[M. Brydone in describing the ntrionities of Malta an'i 
the Maltese f ^ivcs w thq following account of t/jeir %uli7n- 
steal rettricttous on Duelling, wA/ci Ae reckons not fc^e 
Aast remarkable curiosity of that celebrated Island.'] 

Perhaps Mafta is the only country in the world 
where duelling is permitted by law. ■ As their 

whole establishment is criminally founded on the wild 
and romin-.ic priiciplcs ot" cliivalry, tliey have ever 
found it too inconsistent with iho&e jjiinciples to abulibh 
duelling ; but they have laid it und/ir such restrictions as 
greatly to lessen its dan^^t-r. These are curious enough. — 
The duellists are obliged to dccitlc their quarr--l inone par- 
ticular street of ihe city j and if ihey presume to fightany 
xvhercclse, they are liable to the rigour of the I uw. But 
what is not less singular, and much more tn their favour, 
they are obliged under the most severe pcnaUies to put up 
their Svvord,-when ordered so to. do, by a •uoinan, d. priat 
or a l-r.i^ht. 

Under these limitations, intha midst of a great city, one 
would it almost impossible tlut a diiel conld ever 
fnd in blood ; however, this is not the case : — A cross is 
always painted on rhe wall op|rt)sitc to the spot where a 
Icuigh' has been hilled, i<i commemoration of liis fall. — 
We counted about twenty of these crosses. 

Ab^ut three months ago, two knights had a dispute a* 
a, billiard tuMe. One of them, after giving a great deal o* 
abusive language, added a blow ; but to the a^itcnishirient 
cf all Malta, in whose annah there is not a similar instarce 
^f:cr so great a provocatiiiii, he absolutely refused to fight 
his antagonist. The challenge was rejjcated, and he h;;d 
time to reflect on the conheq.uenoes, but still lie refused to 
enter tUc I'ir.ts. — He was condemned tj make ajnende ho- 
Korfli'/e in the great church of St. John for forty -five days 
succc.ssivcly i then to be confined in a dungeon without 
light for five years, which he is to remain a prisoner 
in ll'.ccas'le forlife. The unfortunate young man who 
r«ccivcdthe blow is likewise in disgrace, as he has not 
■Sad an opportunity of wiping v. out with tlie blbodof his 



This had been looked upon as a very singular adir, 
»nd is still one of the principal topics of conversation. The 
first part of the sentence has been already executed, and 
the poor wretch is noA' in his dungeon. Nor is it tliought 
that any abatement will be made in whav remains. 

If the legislature of orher countries punished with equal 
rigor those that do fight, as it does in this those that do 
not, I believe we shcaild soon have an end of duelling; 
but I should imagine the punishment for figliting ought 
never to be a capital one, but ra:her something ignomini- 
ous ; and the punishment fornot fighting should always 
be so, or at least some severe coi-poral punishment ; for ig- 
nominy will have as little efiect on the person who iswii- 
ling to submit to the appellation of a coward, as the fear 
«f death on one who makes it his glo*-y to despise it. 

A most brilliant meteor [says a Savannnah paper of 
the 25'.h Sept.] made its appearance rit about one o'clock 
m the mnrniugnfWednestlay last. Its course was ser- 
pcntiue and the report, on its discharge, considei-able. 

A fashionable young countess askinga voung noMeman 
■which he thought the prfMest (lower, the rnse^ or tulips 7 
V-e rcpl.ed wuh great gallantry. " Your Ladyship's t-^o beiore all the roses in the world." 

To the Editor of the Wcehlj Mjnitor. 

Asl kno-.v the^f-llowing has cured several afflicted 
■with the ague and revcr, I cannot omit an opportunity of 
publishing it. If you think proper to give ii 'a place in 
me MollKor, you will oblige 


20 jTi-ains Salt Tartar. 

20 do. Ven. Treacle. 

1-2 oz. Bark. 

J nice of 2 Lemons. 

1-2 pint Port Wine. 

Mix them all together, and divide it into three emial 
rails, Ji.u talvc eacii ior u jioiion. 


A Letter Jrom an American oj^eer at Xiapara, to Lis friend 
at Pitubp^^h. 

Fort Niagara, October Z, 1802. 
deah sir, 

In perforiparce of a promise I niade you, to visit, 8t 
give you some idea of the Falls ot Niagara, so very justly 
ranked amongst the greatest natural curiosities in the 
known world, I shall endeavour to give you an accoiuit of 

an excursion thither, in company v. irh Ur. W and 

M . Let ine, however, first inform you, that I con- 
ceive it utterly' ini]iossible for the greatest e.xertion of the 
human mind, to convey to another the impression, which 
is made upon it, while contemplating tl'o -,»it iVIblimitv 
of the scenery which is exhibited to view. The senses 
become at once bewildered ! The beholder for a while 
stands fixed as a statue! His eyes appear rivelted on one ob- 
ject, as if fearful the smallest deviation would plunge hiin 
into the dreadful abj ",s beneath ! Such was my situation ; 
and I must own that I was at times seized with a ilranjc 
nii-tture of fear and pleasure. 
, As the distance between this post and the Falls does 
not exceed fifteen miles, we did not ser cut until ten o'- 
clock in the morning of the first instant ; and after din- 
ingat Q;jcenslown, a small village in Canada, wc arrived 
at an inn, within a quarter of a mile ci the Falls, where 
wc intended leaving our horses, and descending to the 
lowest bank of the river below the Falls, in oi\icr to have 
a more jierfcct view. We were, however, informed,, that 
the day was too far advanced, to think of descending to 
the lower bank, and again mounted our horses, intending 
merely to view the Falls from thf road IcMiingto Cbippe- 
way, where wc proposed spending the night. The asto- 
nishment with which wc beheldthat trctnendous cataract 
from the road, excited in us a d«erminaticn to leave our 
horses, and take a nearer view. We accordingly walked 
towards a deep hollow i;lace, stiTOUnded with large trees, 
into which, with much difficuhf, we descended abt-ut'eigh- 
ty yards, and, after v.ulking aicut one htindrcd and fifty 
)ards farther, over a marshy jiiece of grotfi.d, covered 
with Li:thc8, we arrived at the" Table Rock," which is a 
large flat rock, projecting sonie distance over the bank be- 
low, and is one hundred and seventy two feet from the 
margin of the river, at the foot of the great Fall. Here 
we had a vxw of the rapids, above the falls, extendirg 
more than a iriile : of the gniator Horse-shoe fall imitiedi- 
ately on our right, of the ftrt Schlosscc, or Lesser Fall, 
in front of us, oi: the New-'ilork side ; & v,r\ien we could 
summon fortitude to apprcr.* the edge of the rock, of the 
dreadful abyss below us ; fnin which issued prodigious 
clouds of mist, in which was|visiblc one of the most beau- 
tiful ruii.bowii v,-e iad tver \ii>r.e\l. 

Having spent a considcrablt time on the Table Rock, 
we, with some difficulty, founll our horses, and proceeded 
to Chippeway, where we remained aU night at a very ex- 
cellent inn, kept by a Mr. M.tlkKn. Although ouraccom- 
inooations wereni every resjieit excellent, we were una- 
ng tl-.e night, as 

ble to do 

customed to the dreadful rtiundering noise of the Niagara 
falls, whiih, though distant tl.ree miles,, were distiucdv 
heard- ^ 

In the morning, accoirpa:-,ied by a Mr. Cummin^-s 
who very obligingly olfcrcd to be our guide, we returiied 
to the Falls, determined to havea more 'perfect view from 
the edge of the river, an undertaknig of some danger, 
and much fatigue. As we apprcacf.ed the Falls, the ra- 
pidity of the river increased, bounding to a great height 
where it met with resistance. from the rocks ; at length, 
reaching the brink of a Jirccipice, it is hurried over it, 
meeting with no resistance, uutil after a fall of one hun- 
dred and forty-five feet 1 

The falls take a direction rather obliquely, from the Ca- 
nada side downwards, and on the same side it is bellowed 
cut, if I may express myself so. into the shape of a Horse 
shoe, and, owing to the resemblance, it is called the 
" Horse-shoe Fall." 

In about an hour after leaving Chippewav, we arrived 
at apart of the bank or clift", where we could, with the least 
danger, descend to the edge of the river. You must know 
that the banks of the river on each side, for several- miles 
below the Falls, are almost one continued rock, and so 
nearly perpendicular, as to make it impossible to descend 

wi.h any safety to the bottom, excepting at two places 

where we descended, and at a place called the "Indian 
Ladder," much nearer to the Falls, but w hich our guide 
informed us was much more dangerous owing to the de- 
caj ed state of the ladders. 

Having descended a few yards over broken rocks, we 
came to a ladder, having one end placed on the top of a 
large rock, the other leaning against the rock on which 
we stood. This was by far themost dangerous part of the 
descent, as the ladder was muchdecayed, and manv of the 
steps were broken out. Although the distance down the 
ladder was not more than ten or twelve feet, yet the small 
space upon which we w. re obliged to stand, at the foot 
of the ladder, notmorethan twofectsquare, togctherwith 
the dreadful gulph benea'h us on one side, (intowhch we 
should have been inevitably precipitated, had an^ part of 
the ladder given way) increased our fears greatly. We, 
however, irr\«i safe at tire foot of the ladder, round 
which we were obliged to creep, then fl-ye down the reck 
on it« side towards the bank, sue or eight feet further. E.v- 

ceptingmw ani thin a slight fall amonj the rocks o- 
ver which we we passed, we found no further di.'ficultv in 
reaching the bottom. ' 

Wc descended the bank somewhat more than a nvle 
below the Falls, yet were completely wet to the skin ow- 
ing to the falling of the mist or spray, which issued from 
the botomof th.; falls i— the wind, however, was imme- 
dia.ely d»wn the river, which rendered our situation very- 

Having at length reached the margin of the river, wo- 
hatj a perfect view of the whole cataract, of the prodigious 
and frighiful piles of rocks immediately over our heads, 
appearing as if they would every moment fall upon anti 
crush us to atoms, and down which our guide could scarce, us sensible we had but a few moments iefore pas- 
sed. We now indulged ourselves ill contemplating for a 
whde, and at a distance, one of the tnost terrific scenes 
perhaps imaginable ! AVhat a dreadful chaos of rocks, 
were here presented to our view! what a dreary, desolate 
but sublime, appearance ! The imagination is iiLsjamlr 
hurried into a be lief, that the great globe itself is return- 
ing precipitately, and at once into it» original cl,»os ! 
(to be continued.) 





" Let m in bonds ofLlstiKg peace unite, 
" Ard celebratctbe hjmc.tial rite.'* 

to 0i.d-b.\tc»el0as over the a.ce of thirtt-flvb. 


THE scoffs and sneers which cor nnhappv fratcrr.itjr 
have ever experienced from the though .less ' levitv of 
youth, are well known to you all ; each and every one of 
us daily receive some provocation, some premeditated in- 
sut. because we have not thought proper to encumber oc- 
selves with the vexation and e-vjicnse of a wife. We are 
the f.i,-ikc.gime of the male and the scorn of the female 
sex ; that insolent old-maid, Miss Fenehpe Prude, who is 
my next door neighbour, turning up her Utile sharp noso 
with a scornful sneer, called me last week, in my hearing, 
"ihe fag-end of the creation.'." Is not this, insupporta- 

Considering «ie other day on the rfdicule and iiiconve- 
niences to which the folly of societv has subjected us 
narmless and inoifensive beings i and believing myself i,i 
my present state to be an almost useless member of the 
cominuuity, I determined, perhaps too hastily, to ehan.^e 
my eor.diaon, ande.-qicnenee the reality ofthose plea.sures. 
in which, a. I hadbecn uW, w>..!l..ek „l, l^uU.J. Fv, , 

puriiose I began to ruminate oit the character and persoa 
of the woman who inight ma-ke me a suitable compam- 
on; I will not, I thought to myself, marry one who is 
afa-ectcd i for that is the character of Miss Pe:ieU,be Prude, 
iny utter aversion ; nor shallniv wife be too old and seri- 
ous, for laino-ilyalittle timied'of firtj'-seven, and may 
reasonably expect to spend many very merry da\s, and 
enjoy a considerable portion of connubial hapniness ; 
a young girl would suitme best, and al hough 1 had littti; 
reason to fear a repulse from any oi' them, ye: I wished to 
be sure of my first aim, for if unstu;cessful in one, I fear- 
ed that I should never summon sutf.cient rest hi ion to 
make a second attack. A spry comely olJ-tnaid of thii-- 
ty-tive, with whom I vras well acquainted, suited my fan. 
cyto aT. I resolved, therefore, after using neeessary 
precautions, to make my suit to thisladif: one of these 
precautions was to sound her, through the of a cou- 
sin, and learn how she was disposed towards me, before 
I ventured too far ; also, to be informed of the exact slate 
of her fortune. The answers which he returned were suit- 
able to my wii.hes ; his cousin possessed the value of one 
thousand pounds in landed property ; and five hundred 
more in bank-stock ; she htid no disinclination to receive, 
the addresses of any respectable gentlei.ian, much less of 
(your obedient servant) Mr. Kimb^. After these proui- 
tious omens of success, tlie next step was to procure an in- 
terview with my charming fair one, to declare my ardent 
passion for her, and prosecute my suit in form. Her cou- 
sin informed me that hi« relation would be at home the 
next evening, that he would the.T call on me, and if I had 
no olij^c'ion we would laitc lea with her: I thanked Irra 
lor his kindness, assuring him that nothing could be mere 
agreeable to my wishes, and accepted the "invitation. Af- 
ter he had taJien his leave, I heartily at the pre- 
cautions my sweet-heart had taken, to accoinniod.i.e me 
in procuringa tete-a-tete,- I began to enter. ain a more fa. 
vorable opi.iion of the sex, & looked on my own sweet per- 
son with more comjilacency than I had done for many 
years past ; — surely,, said 1, nature has not been niggardly 
in bestowing on me personal graces ; nor have I been en- 
t rely negligent in polishing tuysjif by acquiring poliie ac- 
complishments ; I can sing many old ballads wi h apret- 
ty good air, and in church music I will cncede the suie- 
rioriry to no man : I Could once dance a lit. !e ; letinesee 
if I have forgotten the old conger ; — I attempred to per- 
form the movements which Monsieur Rigadoon, my 
dancing. master, had taught inc thirty jears ago • but my 
Ij.jshad b;co i.e stiff from fie wan- of prac'ice,'a.!d my- 
fee. were quite unminajeable ; for having Ijcked th-m 
togetlier, and being unable to ex.r'care iheiii, I pitched 
headlong against my b,iok-cise, and bruised mvself con- 
siderably by lUe fall ; 1 felt soaiewhat confused 3X this 






■h u<h no one liid .vi tiCi.eJ my 

this tt-iU .tV'.T d). s»idl ; I must brush up, for I have 

becDnic qu'e ru.r.- ; I raiig for ,)ld Peter, the ot>l/ servant 

1 IvCfp, and ordered him to take my old brown coat to the 
tayl.irand direct Iiiin to turn it in the neatest manner by 

2 oVIocU the next day ; I also charged Peter to brush uj) 
my anciunt beaver and clean my best pair of boots, for I 
always keep two pair. I began to dress on the foUowing 
mor.iing abou: ten o'clock and finished by dinner. When 
I was completely attired, I could not help gratifying my- 
jelf, by taking a peep in a small mirror which is suspend- 
ed in my chamber; and I astnre you I was not a little 
pleased wIlH 7tiv appearance: without vanity, I can say, 
that 1 verily believe few single women could have then 
looked at me withcold hearts ; my figure was tall, straight 
and genteel, though rather too thin ; my brown coat loolc- 
ed little worse for wear, and my buckskin pantaloons bad 
been clr-aned for the succeeding Sunday, and suited very 
Well v.-ith my black velvet waist-ccat, I took a few turns 
across the room after dinner, musing on the pleasures of 
the married life, when the gentleman who was to call for 
me arrived : — we proceeded intmediatcly to the residence 
t)f my beloved :— I never felt so cjiieer'in all my life ; my 
Lands shook, my knees rattled ajainst each other, and I 
was in a tremor from head to foot; it will soon be over, 
said 1 to myself ; ther.e^lisagreeable feelings will be pre- 
sently at an end, and the ch arming sensations of tender 
love will succeed them ; 1 sprungup the steps with the ac- 
tivity of a boy, and advanced with a Iclerable^manly step 
into the parlour; but guess my surprize at beholding the 
object of mr visit! Guess my indignation at finding an 
e.nornions Ueo Wic; on her head, which obscured the 
greater part of one of the prettiest faces that I had ever 
seen ; a Jicd JVig .' a sight far more disgusting than any 
of those horrid doe-f;ices or gourd-faces that are made to 
frighten children. I had no inclination to be,'>in my court- 
slop or pr.'long mv visit, beyond the tiivie that politeness ' 
required i I theref re took my leave as soon as the tea- 
table was removed ; the lady seemed chagrined as well as 
myself, and her cousin ajqieared astonished: — he accom- 
panied me home ; nei'her of us had spoken a word on 
the way ;— af'er we had sat down, he observed, " I pre- 
•ume yoH hive profited very little by your interview ; you 
Beem to make your a.ivances with' as much prudential 
caution as mv Uncle Toby did in his military ojierations." 
" A Ked Wig!" exclaimed I, with just indignation. 
•' Have you any objection to a i?e,/ JFig ?" retorted the 
cousin. ■' Olijec-ions." replied I ; '■ can any thing on ear'h 
be more frightful than such a monster ! I hate the very 
name of i;." .. Yon are mistaken Sir." answered the 
cousni; - .fferf I( V are all the fashion." " I care not for 
the fashion. Sir," replied I ; " I tell you they are horridl/ 
ugly, ai..d 1 swear that 1 will marry no woman who shall 
disfigure herself by wearing one of them." The vount- 
111.1U took oFence and departed, and I relinquished 'cv.-ry 
pretension to Itis cousin. Thus, gen.lemen, has ended my 
hrst coiirar.g e.-ipeduion ; but I have not yet told you the 
worst of the business ; the tavlur yesterday brought in his 
bill lor turning my coat, which amounted to sixteen sh^'- 
lings and six-pence j an unconscionable dog ! All thi. 
money is a dead loss, should I not again want it fjra 'C 
cond expedition ofche same kind. 

A few nights ago I was awakened about 2 o'clock in 
the morning, by a noise under iny wimiow, and onpe-p- 
ing out, I found tliat it proceeded from a parcel of fro- 
lieksome young fellows, who were serenading me with 
the comic song of " T,ie 0/J Wmian nf Eighty ' "• Such 
msolence is insupportable, and I vvill bear with it no 
longer; the only way to free mvself from it, is to get 
married without delay, and this I will do before the be- 
ginning of the winter; I advise every one ofvou my so 
litary brethren, to pursue the same plan. No inisfortunes 
liowevei-, shall ever compel ine to wed a woman who 
wears allED Wig. 



Numberless essays have been written to prove the inju- 
rious consequences produced bv intoxication, and to deli- 
iiea-e in glowing colours the de.splcable character of the 
I)ruokard^ It .snot my intention to endeavour to con. 
vince the disciples of Bacchus of t.he impropriety and im- 
morality ot drunkenness .-—there are few of them who 
are not well assured of this fact, although they have sel- 
dom sufficient command of themselves to abstain from 
this infamous practice after it has become habitual from 
a Ion;; sevies of dissipation. 

But although it may be impracticable to afford relief to 
the miserable Bacchanalian, who has bartered all the en- 
joyments of life for the sensual gratification of an inordi- 

: pass 



1 tot 

ton, who has centered" his wordiv happiness on tl.e con- 
tents of a biandy-botrle ; yet, by guarding our young wo- 
men apinst contracting marriage wi-h men (or rather 
Leasts) of this description, the communi^v may possibly 
derive some benefit from the following observations. 

If a lady values her repose and respectability in the 
married state, let her, of all things, be cautious in the 
choice of a sober husband. Many wives will no doubt 
fccar witness that every sober man does not make a good 

husband ; that others than drunJtards are at times peevish 
and ill-natured ; I have heard some wives too, say, that 
althotigh their good man had spent his fortune and ruined 
his credit by intoxication, yet that he was qui^e inotfensivc 
in Itis frolics. It is certainly excellent comfort to a wo- 
man of sensibility, that her husband, afterdissipating her 
fortune and neglecting her person, should i-efrain from 
beating her. 

I will select two passages from the Tatler to shew 
my female readers, tlie opinion of an eminent author on 
this subject, which is of inlinitc importance to them, as it 
is closely connected with their happiness. 

' But as our faults are double when they affect others be- 
' sibes ourselves, so this vice is still more odious in a mar- 
' ricd than a single man. He that is the hui^.and of a wo- 
' iniuof honoMr, and comes home over-loaded with wine, 
' is still more contemptible in proportion to the regaru 
' we have to the unhapjiy consort of his beastiality. The 
' imagination cannot thipe to itself anything luoremon- 
' stious and unnatural than the familiarities between 
< Dfunkenness and Chastity. 

' The reflection of such a match as spotless innocence 
■ with abandoned lewdness, is whiit puts this Vice in the 
' worjt figure it can bear, with reg.ird to others ; but when 
' it iilooked upon with respect only to the Drunkard him. 
' self, it has deformities enougli to make it tlisagreeablc, 
' which maybe summed up in a word, by allowing, that 
' lie, who resigns his reason, is actually guilty of all that 
• he is liable to from the want of reason.* 

Let me beg the American ladies to look round the cir- 
cle of their acquaintance, and sec how many amiable wo. 
men are cursed with drunken hnsbands ; how many com- 
fortable estates have been squandered away in debauches ; 
how many of our res|jectab!e families have dwindled into 
obscurity and abject indigence from drunkenness gam- 
ing, which are usually companions. 

What must be the feelings of a virtuous woman to see 
the man v.-hose desiiny is combined with hers, a;id whon. 
she calls by the tender name of husband, intoxicaied and 
s'aggcring through the streets, thepiiabie object of evor> 
humane spectator, and the jest of ever/ illiberal fool': 
What a dangerous e-xample for the imitation of youth ' 
What a spectacle for the observation of her infant chil- 
dren, wliose minds yet unformed, are ready to receive tho 
first impressions of vice or of virtue ! If you re'-ard your 
own happiness my cou>itrywom:n : if you have due re- 
gard for your respectability in society ; if you have maier- 
nal aU'ection for the prosperity of your fuure olfsiiriiig. 
you will dj well to be piTUcular in the choice of a hus- 

It will be recollected that I speak only of habitual dru i- 
kards : I do no extend my censures to those wh.i are oc- 
casionally, but seldom, into.xicated ; although their cjn 
duct is reprehensible, yet it is seldom productive of the ru- 
inous consequences which I h:;ve cumerated. 

£ E N E X. 


AN ELEGY o.-j the death or Mrs. «••••" 

Ah ! whithef f^ed, my dearest Nancy sav. 

Why pale and lifeless, lies thy lorelv cl i. .' 

How are the roses on thy cheeks decay'tl ! 

Which all the graces of thy face displayed : 

When bless'd with life, each plea-^'ng fearure shin'd, 

A perfect mirror cf thy sirad-ss mind. 

S\\ ett was the hour, mild the benignant sly, 

Fullfraujht wiih health, we deem'd no danger nigh, 

Wlien lo ! contagious fever's dreadful gust,' 

Laid all thy beauty mould'ring in the dust. 

Ah ! cold's the hand, that sooth'd my f»brile head. 

Extinct the e;e, the pit\ ing tear that shed ; 

Silent the voice, whcse charming accents stole, 

Infusingbalm into my aching soul. 

Oh cruel dealh ! why use thy lawless rage. 

To drag my dearest Xincy from the stage ! 

Why hurl thy shafts indeathful honor driven .' 

Is virtu- then no more thy care, O Heaven ! 

Peace thou bold thought ; be still my bursting heart, 

I, not my Nancy, feel the direftjl dirt; 

She's fletl from danger, sickness and from pain. 

She's now exploring the celestial plai.i. 

Cry not, my babe, to hear thy mother's gone ; 

Left thee and me to wander here foritrn : 

Her happy soul has broke the bonds of clay. 

And gone to regions of immortal day. 

I'll wing my way through boundless realms to soar, 

Where we sh^ll meet and part again no more: 

Triumphant thought ! now let we wipe away, 

The tears of grief, and wake some bolder lay. 

Alas ! my s\v imviing eyes o'erHow anew, 

Nor will I check the tears to virtue due : 

Novv speechless I with anxious horror bend. 

O'er thybv'd dust, my partner and my friend. — 

Immortal Power ! eternal king of day \ 
Thou hadst the right to take her away. 
Be s'ill my babe, the paths of virtue tread, 
We too, shall soon be nuiubcr'd with the dead. 


7%e concluding number of" Harlky,'' tua* received too 
late for our paper of to-day i it shall appear in ouf^ 

"Ax Observer," shall be attended to. 
** A Fragment," is inadmissible. 



L mdon papers to the 15th August, inclusive, and Glas* 
j,0\v papers to the 18th, have been received a- New-York, 
by the ship Fanny from Greenock. Although they are 
four days later than the former advices from that quar- 
ter, they contain very little intelligence of consequence. 
The prices of stock, on the 15rh August, were. Consols, 
57 1-4, Omniums 12, American 3 per cents 54 to 55, 8 

per cents 104, old and new 6 per cents 89 to 90 - 

A Ilar.iburgh paper says, in consequence of the refusal 
made by the Hanseaiic cities of Hamburgh, Bremen, antl 
Lubeck, to comply with the pecuniary exactions of the 
French government, Bremen has been invested several 
da s past by a detachment of the French armyfrom Han- 
•ivcr ; and no person is sufl'cred to enter or depart from 
that city. They have even stopped all supplies cf provisi- 
ons. As the enemy compleiciy blockades the place, it is 
impossible to ascertain by any tlirect information, whether 
Mie/ have i>roceeded to levy by military execution, tha 
sums tiiey demand; but a rumour of this nature was in cir- 
cuiatijn. — Tlie city of Lubeck persists in its refusal to 
pay the contribution demanded by the French, who have 
not yet h-ad recourse lo any compulsory means, probably 
from the f^ar of hastening a rupture with Russia, whose 

rtcetls now riding in the Baltic. Tire last letters from 

St. Pe'.ersbur-.; state, that the Empetor Alexander con-i- 
nues to givcdecided jjroofs of hisde-ermination to espouse 

-lie interests of Louis X'/III Three divisions of the 

French flotilla have arrived at Bnlogne, consisting of thir- 
teen ships of war. The Emperor jjassed ihe afternoon in 
the road, accompanied by the ministers of marine and 
of war, and expressed great satisfaction at the appearanc* 
and discipline of the troojis. 


Letters froin New-Orleans, to the -6:h August, re- 
ceived at Philadelphia. annoimceU^nrtvalence of thd 
usual autumnal levers, which hatiprortd fatal to a num- 
ber of sirangers. C.-tptaio ^Srdinan arrived at 

Nev.buryport from Pcint Potre, informs, that reports 
were in ciiciilation there 'he day before he sailed, that tha 
American ]:risoners -who had been taken from the New- 
York sr.ip and brig, together with the crew of the Snake 
in the Grass, of Salem, carried in about the same time, 

had been liberatctl, and were about returning home. • 

•- The bri^ Clio, of New-York, is taken, belonging to 
Snell, Sta^g, & Co. This vessel was bound to Cui-racoi, 
and carried into M.irsgua, where nu:vibcrs of Amcric.^n 
seimen are perishing for want ; witliin one month SO are 
said to have died. — I have been particular, in order that 
your underwriters may be apprized of what is going on 

in this place." Late anccunts from the West-Indies 

s:ate, that thebliick -army of Dessalines had began their 
march again for the purpose of besieging the city of Sr. 
Domingo. The s-ame accounts add, that the British have 

blickaded the Ci'y (f Aux Ca^cs. Almost everyar- from the West Indies (says the New-York Gazette) 
brings dreadful accounts of the'hav.-)c there bv a hurricane 
which expended northward and southward, taking in ita 
course the West India islantls and a greater part of the 
coast of the U. States. In the West Indies i; began about 
the.'idult. was severely felt at Cbarieston and Sa-.-annah 
the 8th, and having nearly spent its force reached this city 
the night of the llh, but tiid no maerial damage. Bos- 
ton -also fel* i s effects. Byan arrival we have receiv- 

»d melancholy news from Turks Island. Almost all the 
American vessels there weie driven on shore ; same of 
them were lost with their crews. Many of the ship- 
wrecked crews after btin.g thrown on the Island, were 
rt-bbed by negroes. We are sotry to say, that the com- 
mander cf that island, disregarding the rights of hospita- 
lity, countenanced these robberies, & threw every obstacle 
in the way of aftording protection to the unfortunate A- 

mericans. An ar-icle from Greensburg states, that a 

number of Swiss families an-ivej in that place the 6th of 
October. ^Ve understand that they design purchasing £:. 
settling on the Holland compan\*s lands, east of the Alle- 
ghany, in Armstrong county. They are a healthy able- 
bodied people ; and from their national character for so- 
briety, hones'y, and industry, bid fair to be an acquisition 

to thecouii'ry. It is with sincere pleasure, (savs the 

Nat. In-el.) that there is the best reason to b'-lieve. 'he ic- 
countcf the death of Governor Clai'oorne unfrunded Le'- 
tcrs as late as the first of September have been rect--, :d 
from him by the PresidL'iit of the United S'ares. 'I'h'-se 
letters state that he had been very ill. but was tbcD 60 far 
recovered xt \t> adiuil vi tcuisact jig buiiixss. 



Vol. I. 




TO thee mild source of home-felt joy I 

To thee I v6w this arilrss Jav^ 
Fornymph, divine ! no care, aliov. 

No griefs pollute thy halcyon day. 

Tho'soft the moon her mellow light 

O'er yonder nioiiU'rinfj tover hath shed, 

Tho' soft as sleeps her beam on night, 
Yetiofter sleejis thy peaceful head. 

Forihcc, the fairy sprite of morn. 

Her ?weet, her varied dream shall weavt. 

For thee, thy wood.girt thatrh adorn. 
The calm, the golden light j of eve. 

For th^e, the cool stream mitrm'ring flo^v, 

The green the winding vale along. 
For thee, where yonder wild pines grow. 

The maiden breathes her village song. 

When wilt thou haunt my straw .roof cpt. 
When wilt ihou bless my longing arms. 

When shall I claim thy lowly lot. 
When shall I share thy modest charms ! 

Ino'er will ask of purple pride. 

Her gems that idly tire liic night. 
The gems that o'er her tresses wide. 

In lusire fling hergla.ish light. 

Hor will I ask of power to whirl 

In terror cloath'd, the scyth'd car. 
And nia.l to fur,-, shout to hurl 

The dark, the death fraught spear of wM-. 

Ah ! let the great by error led 

To many a gorgeous citv fly j 
More blest with tliee to eat' my brcai 

In peace and humble privacy. 

Moffe blest to rove the heath along-. 

At gray.cUideve, frjm labor won. 
To list the wood-lark'li plainiive song. 

Aiid wistful watch the setting sim. 

^7^ '''=«'>>'W?l'at deft and lone, 

Hmgs o'er tKTstream his moss-hung boueh 

As swells the blast in rougher tone, '^ ^"' 
To mark the wild wave dash below. 

More blest nigh yonder darkling dell 
Where sleeps the bard by fame forgot, 

t)f many a love lorn grief to tell,. 
Aud nioiu-n till morn thy cheerless lot. 

But oh ! for happier if at night. 

As onward rolls the sadd'ning storm, 
I ineet thy bloe-ejes glistening light, 

1 press thy gently yielding form. 

Sweet as the f rst-drawn sigh of love 
Content, thou mild, thou nieek-ev'd maid. 

Above bright power, gay wealth above, 
fo thee my willing vows be paid. 


'TWAS on a cliff whose rocky base, 

Baffled the briny wave; 
Whose ci.hur'd heights their verdant .tore 
To muiy a tenant g^ve : 

A motlicr, led bv rustic cares. 

Mad wander'ci her child ; 
Unwean d the babe-yet on thegras, 

He Irolick'd and he smU'd. 

Wiih wha» delight the mother glow'd. 

To mark the infant's joy ; 
Hovv oft would pau.;<>, a:i,id her toil. 

To contemplate her boy, 

Tet soon by other cares estrang'd, 

Herthoi^;hts the child forsook ; 

Careless he wanton's on iho ground. 

Nor caught hit mother'slook. 

rroj^'d was each flower that caught his e«, 

1 ill. scrambling o'er thi: green 

«e gain'd the cliff's unshelte'r'd edge. 

And plcis'd, surve/'d the .<»ne. 

Turn'd to behnU I. er child— 
The urchin gone I her cheeks were flush'd- 
Her wand'ring eye was wild I 

She saw him on the cliS'srude brink—* 

Now careless peeping o'er — 
He turn'd and to his tnother smii'd — 

Then sported as before. 

Sunk washer voice — 'twas vain to fly— 
'Twas vain the brink to brave — 

Oh Nature I it was thee alone. 
To prompt the means to save. 

She tore her 'kerchief from her breast. 

And laid her bosom bare ; 
He saw, delighted— left the brink. 

And sought to banquet there. 



THEY travelled by short st-tges ; for the pliilosopher 
was as good as nis word, in taking care that the old man 
should not .be fatigued. The i>avtv had time to be well 
acquainted v/ilh one another, and their friendship was in- 
creased by actiuaintance. La i?ocAi found a degtee of siin- 
pliclty and gentleness in his companion, which is not al- 
ways annftced to the character of a learned or wise man. 
Hu daughter, who was prepared to be afraid of him, was 
equally undeceived. She found ih him nothing of that 
sell importance chich superior pirts, or great cultivation 
of them, is apt to confer. He talked of every thing but 
philosophy or religion ; he seemed to enjoy every plea- 
sure and amusement of ordinary life, and to be interested 
in the most common topics of ciiscourse j when his know- 
ledge or learning at any time appeared, it was delivered 
\vith the utmost plainness, and without the least shadow 
of dogmatism. 

On his part he was charmed with the society of the 
good clergyman, and his lovely dau<^hter. He found in 
them the guileless manner of the earliest times, with the 
cul'ure and accomplishments of the most reli.ied ones, 
tvei-y hitter feeling, warm and vivid ; every ungentle one 
repressed or overcome. He wa, -lot addicted to love -. but 
he fc-lt himself happy ,n being a iVicnrl of MaldannhMe 
La Roche, and sometimes envied her father the possessi- 
on of such a child. 

Afierajourney of eleven days, they arrived atthedwel. 
ling of L:i Boche. It was situated in one of those valleys 
of the ca.iton of Berne, where nature seems to repose, as 
It were, in quiet, and has enclosed her retreat with moun- 
tains inaccessible. A stream, that spent its fury in 

tne hills above, ran in front of the house, and a broken 
warer-fall was acen through the wood that covered its 
sides; below, i; circled round atuited plain, and formed a 
little lake m front of the village, at the end of which ap- 
peared the spire of La Jioc/jc's church, rising above a 
clump of beeches. 

Mr Enjoyed the beauty of the scene ; but, to his 

companums, it recalled the nietnory of a wife and parent 
they had lost.— The old man's so.tow was silent • hi- 
daughter sobb'd and wept. Her father took her hand kiss", 
ed It twice, pressed it to his bosom, threw up his eyes to 
Heaven ; and, having wiped off a tear that was just about 
to drojifrom each, began to point out to his guest some of 
the most striking objects which the jirospect afforded. 
The philosopher interpreted all this ; and he could but 
slightly censure the creed from which it arose. 

They had not long been arrived, when a number of La 
Horie's parishioner's who bad heard of his return came to 
the house to see and welcome him. The honest folks 
were awkward, hut sincere, in their professions of regard. 
They inade some attempts at condolence— it was too de- 
licate for their handling; but La BmLv took it in 
gold part. "It has pleased Cod,"— said he ; and they 
saw he had settled the matter with himself— Philosophy 
could not have done so much with a thousand words. 

It was now evening, and the good peasants were about 
to depart, when a clock was heard to strike seven, and the 
hour was followed by a particular chime. The country 
lolks, who nad come to welcome their pastor, turned their 
looks tow»rds him at the sound , he exjilained their mean- 
mg to his guest. • This is the signal,' said he, • for our 
' evening e.\ercise ; this is one of the nights of the week 
' in which some of my parishioners are wont to join in it ; 

• a little rustic saloon serves for the chapel of our family] 

• and such ot the good people as'are with us ; if youchuse 
■ rather to walk out, I will furnish you with an attendant - 
' or here are a few old books that inay afford you some 
'entertainment within.' — • By no means,' answered the 
philosopher; ■ Iwill attend Ma'mc.iselle at her devotions.' 

She IS our organist,' said La Vocbe; • our neighbourhood 
u the coiuitry of muiicid mechauisjn ; and I have a sinaU 

; ;rg^" fifed ut. r r he purpose of awistiug our singing.* 
' Tis an additional iiiduccmenr," replied the other- and 
iliey walked in'n the room together. At the end stood the 
organ mentioned by La Hocie .- before it was a cutain 
which his daughter drew aside, and, placing herself on a 
seat within, & drawing the curtain close, so as to save her 
the awkwardness ef an exhibition, began a volunt.-.i-v, soJ 

lemn and beauiifiJ in the highest degiee. Mr. _- 

was no musician; but he was not altogc'her insensible to 
music; this fastened on his mind more strongiv, from it» 
beauty being unexpec'cd. The solemn prelude '-ntrodjcej 
a hymn, in which such of the audience as could sing im- 
mediately joined ; the words wert mostly taken from ho. 
ly writ ; It siioke the praises of God, and his care of irocd 
men. Something was said of the death of the just, of such 
as die m the lord.— The organ was touclied with a hand 
less hrm— it paused, it cea>ed— and the sobbings of Ma'. 
mci.elle La ;?orfe was heard in itss-ead. Her father gave 
a sign for stopping the psalmody, and ro.te to pray. He 
was discomposed at first, and his voire faltered as he 
spoke ; but his heart was in his words, and his wannth 
overcame his embat-i-asment. He addressed a Being whom 
he loved, and he spoke forthot^ehe I wed. His pari-hon- 
ers catched the ardour of the good old man ; even the ijhi- 
losnpherfelt himielf m:.ved, and forgot, for a moment, 
to think why he should not. 

La Socie'i religion was that of sertimentj not theorj-, 
and his guest was averse from dispu «-ioti ; their discourse, 
therefore, did not le-ad to questii>ns conceinint* the belief of 
either ; yet would the old man sometime . spcal: of his, 
from the fulness of a heart impressed with its force, and 
wishing to spread tiie pleasure he enjoyed in it. The'idea» 
of his God, & his Saviour, \yere so congenial to his mind, 
that every emotion of it naturally awaked them. A philo- 
sopher might call him an enthusiast ; but if he possessed 
the fervor of enthusiasti ; he was guil less of their bi.gotry. 
' Our father which art in H,»aven!' might the good niin' 
say — for he felt it — and all mankind were his bre- 

' You regret, my friend,' said he to Mr. , when 

' my daughter and I talk of the exquisite pleasure derived 

• froni music, you regret your want of musictl powers and 
' musical feelings ; it is a department of soul, you say, 

■ which nature has almost dc.iied you, which, from the 

• effects yon see it have on others, you are sure must be 

• liiglil.\ delightful.- Whyshouid not the same thing be 

■ said of religion > Trust me, I teel it in the same way, 
' an energy, an inspiration, which I v ould not lose fcr 
' all the blessings of sense, or cnjovmenis of the world j 
' yet, so far from lessening my relish for the jileasures of 
' life, me thinks I feel it heighten them all. The thought 

■ of receiving it from God, adds the blessing of septin.cnt 

• to that of sensation in every go.d thing 1 possi-st; ; and 

' when calamities overtake me and I have had 

'my share — it confers a dignity on my affliction, so lif« 

' me above the world — Man — I know, is but a v^orm >et 

' tne.hinks, I am allied to God — it -ft-ould have been inhit- 
' man in our philosophers to have clouded, even with a 
' doubt, the sunshine of this belief.' 

His discourse, indeed was very remote from metaphsi- 
cal disquisition, or religious i;onlroversy. Of all inch I 
ever knew, his ordinary conversation was the less tinc- 
tured with pedantry, or liable to disertion. With ia y?oc/je 
and his daughter, it was perfecly familiar. The coun- 
try round them, the manner; cftlic village, the compari- 
son of both with those of E.rghind, remarks on the works 
of favourite authors, on the sentiments tliey conveyed, and 
the passions they excited, with many other topics in which 
there was ■aneqtulity,or alternate .advantage, anion" the 
speakers, were the subjects they tallied on. Their hours 

tooof riding-and walking v/ere .Tiany, in which Mr. 

as a stranger, was shewn the remarkable scenes and curi- 
osities of the country. They would sometimes make» 
expeditions to contemplate, in different attitudes, those as- 
tonishing mountains, the cliff's of which, covered with eter- 
nal snows, and sometimes shooting into fantastic siiapes, 

from the termination of most of the Swiss prospects. 

Our philosopher asked many questions as to their natural 
history and productions. La Jlocbe observed the sublimi- 
ty of the ideas which the view of tlieirstupendi.ius sum- 
mits, inaccessible foot, was calculated to insoire 
which naturally, said he, leads the mind to that Bjin"' 
by whom their foundations were laid. — ' They are not' 
seen in Flanders !' said Ma'moistlle wiih a sigh. « 'Ihat's 

an odd remark,' said Mr. smiling She blushed 

and he enquired no farther. 

'Twas with regret he left a society in which he found 
himself so ha]i))y ; but he settled with La Roche and his 
daughter a plan of correspondence ; and they took his 
promise, that if ever he came within fifty leagues of their 
dwelling, he should travel tnosc fifty leagues to visit 






{V<R.UME 1] 

RICHMOND:— rcfi:5i>^r, OCTOBER 50, isai. 


T'BRMs OF *• r/iE mineeva:* 

f Irt.--'* The T.TtNEnvA*' -wili be wa-ly pr'mted. 
% weekly, on a baii-slieet Sopcr-E-oyal paper. 

2d.— Tbc t«7ns are two dollars per annum to 
be paid in advance. 

3d— A liandfiome TiO<*-p-s:f and tabl? ofcon'ents 1| 
W'U be furnished (gra-ii?) at the coinpleiiou of each | 

IJ vdomc. ^ I 


^ Letftrfrcrm an'i:cn fjicrr r.t Ntagaray tj lis friend 
tit Pitnaur^h. 

/.FterTefr#sAi1ng^ ouTselves 17 1th a little wine c? an ex- 
cellent qn-litv. whicli o\u- good Jandlord at Chij)pe\vay 
tad nravideJ for us, we 7)roceeded tov/ards the edge of 
the Great, or H<^sc-^.oe Fall ; an underrakiagexti-emely 
difti/njlt and fatigvin,-^. owing to tlie huge pictcs of rocks 
that have fallen dTA-n fr.">m ibe bink above, and which 
•nnc rendered very slippery bytbc constant falling :of the 
jnist. over those recks >ve w«re frequently obliged to 
<:lln>l5» iind as ol*^en ive were under the necessity ofcrawl- 
2i»g on OUT hands and kn-es, ihrov^h d;irk and dismal j;as- 
ea^t'c hfftM^een Iarj>;e rocks, scarcely wide cnourh to admit 
lOur bodies; indet-d, wirhou: a guide, a etranger would 
■find it a very difHcuU matter to reach the opposire nide of 
the .pradlg^iffus heaqis of rocks scattered alon^ the edge of 
tl,c river- and ro be lost and alone, in so dreary and u:i- 
coiiiforraMe a place, would, I assorc you, be node&irable 
thin*. But ^ Tew dayeago, as we wrre informed by our 
^u'ldrC, a stranger, whDse curiosity and perseverance had 
Jed him to the foot of the <jrt#.t Fall, although he found 
3)i* wc)- thither, -was nnahle to elfcct his reiuni : al:er 
-Hvandrring abfut till nightcarac on, the poor man was o- 
.hl:gpd to lie down annrngthe rocks. Lzitc the next day 
he wa^diaccvered by a lit le bo/ from the top cf the Ta- 
l»e Rr,ck, who, guessing bis £ituatioi\, extricated, hiui 
X>m tTils iubyriuvh- 
AffcrliaY'ingvalkeaRndtuoihled over sucji places, as I 
Jiawcjuit -described to yon, and in doing which we were 
^nearly iwo hours, ;al'hoii^h tl»c distance was but little more 
-than -a n\\\c, wc arrived at the Grcivt or Horse-shoe Fall. 
JJtK 1 ffiiouldstoji ! — 1 have tcld you, that it was not 
in the power of words to iconvey to another even the 
«lria!lest i\lea of theawfui nri?gniHcence of ihe scenes be- 
fore lis. About ten yurds front the spot on which we stood 
■a\alone hxindri^d and for- y-Bve feet alvjve us, a little to our 
s-i^ht, pouri'd down a podigious sheet of wa*er from the 
-edge of a.p^'jecting rock, ihea dashing aguinst the tides 
nf the dreadlul .caverns, hoHowed cut of the rnck over 
which it falls, produces tJiat thundering sound, often 
•licai'd ihir.:y and forty mi^es distant, -and causes a /j.iick 
trenuilaus morion of the earth for several yards around. 
Htre too the spray or wtM rising Vike thick voluines of 
iUck smoke iimny hundred feet abcve the Falls, forms 
Urge clouds, -vvhich are seen fify and fiixty miles off. We 
■verc "induced to advance so near tl.e edge of the sheet of 
nvater'as to be able to^look into the caverns in the rock be- 
lilnd it ; 'butxonld remain there but a very few moments 
«wing totl-e sutWen blasts of air-wluch of:cn'i^>!CS rushed 
from 'jttwee.ithe water and the rock, with violence, 
siK to -drprive us for some moments of the power cf breath- 
ing-. It was, mcur opinion, utterly itnpossible for anyhn- 
7nan "being to stand ly?tv.'een the sheet rf water and the 
*ock ojuer which it falls, yet we are told of those who have 
VciTlured thusfar. * We -were within five or six yards of 
theihcet of water, and even at that distance, found it ini- 
iposeJhle to rcuiain longer than a very few moments, with- 
out iietreating to get 'brea'h. We had from thJsplacea 
«distii;ccviewcif tlie whole of the llorse-shoe Falls, which 
^.»as grandheyond descriptinn : the extent of which is said 
to b? between five and six -hundred yards, aivi its height 
*or perpendicular fall, one hundred feet. This 
fall is'&eparated from the next by a small island, covered 
-with trees., which presents itself to the spectator below, is 
n solid perpendicular rock, and supposed to be three hun- 
'dred and forty > ards wide. The next fail is very smatk 
*ilot Biore tban-six or eight \ard« wide: this is separated 
from the Foct^chlo&ser Fall by aji island twenty yavdb 

Fort Schlosser Fall, so T-iTlcd. Trom its being on that tjide 
j^f thi-river, on which a Fort of that name formerly stood, 
extends three hundredaiulf.fty yards, and its perpendicu- 
nar fall is one hundred Scsixtv--hVee feet. It is by no means 
Fqiiairii(;randeuT tc the Ilorse-shoc Fall, yet it had a very 
4t^uilfui apjis^aaucc, falling over &u avea.led^c uf rocks. 

For the hcighth and extent of ilie difi'ercnt falls, and the 
iiiterveiiing islnnds, I am indebted to lAr. Cummins, our 
obligitpg guide, and 1 have no r^asoft to suppose they have 
been exaggerated. For a considerable distance helow each 
Fall, you see a milk-white foam which lias a very pleasing 
effect. For nine mUcs below Qiteenstown. at which place 
the Falls mU5t have commenced, the water rushes with 
prodigious imperuointy, over beds of snlid stone, and a- 
mong huge piles of rocks, ten and fifteen feet above the 
surface of the water. After having viewed this stupen- 
dous scene, for more than six hours, and cf which 1 have 
given so feeble a description, we returned to this place, 
not a little fatignjed, though much pleased- 
I am your's, t^. 



Tahsn from Gordon*3 History rf the American J^i'solntion . 

THE character of this person is full of absurdities and' 
gualiries of a most extraordinary nature. His i.ncierstand- 
ing was great, bis memory capacious, tind lus fancy bril- 
liant. His mind v\-as stored with a variety of knowledge, 
which he collected from books, converr-inion and travels. 
He had been in most European countries. He was a cor- 
rect and elegant classical schdk-r i and botli ivrofe and 
spoke his native lai:guage with pel spicuity, force & beau- 
ty. From these circumstances he was at timc.^, a nK;sr 
reeableand instructive companion. He was seldom seen 
laugh, .ind -jcarcely to smile. The history ol" his life u 
little else, than the history of disputes, quarrels and duels, 
'ery part of the world. He was vindictive to hisenc- 
i. Ifi5 avarice had nobou.tds. He never went inro a 
public and seldom a privale house, w here he did not disco- 
some marks of ineflaWe and contemptible meanness. 
He grudged tlie expense of a nurse in his last illness, and 
d'cd in % small dirty-room in the Philadelphia tavsr i, cal- 
led tire Canastoga-waggon, [desig-ted for'the eu- 
tertainnient and accomineda'i 'n of common CtMintrvmen" 
attended by no one but a French sei-vant, and Mr. Osvrt'd 
ihe printer, who once .served as an oSicer under him. 
He was both impious and prof.ine. In his princiiiki h- 
was not only ^n infidel, but he was very hostile toevcry at- 
trihu e of the JJeity. His morals were exceetUnslv d- 
bauohed. His manners -vv^r^ ru.lei,-par:l/ r-tJreand 
partly frim aif.-cta'ion. His appeiiLe was so whimsxal a^ 
to what he ea: and<lrank, tliat he was at aM times, and 
in all places, a most troublesoinc and djsa-grceabl; guest 
He had been bred to arms frrin his youth ; and served as 
lieute:i.tnt-colonel among the British, as colonel anio.i,; 
tl-.e for'tigucse, and af;erwatd<i as aid-de-camn to his P .- 
lisk majesty, with the rank of major general. Ujw-i the 
American conthient's being f(>rced into arms, f n- fli? pre- 
servation of her liberties, he-was called fyr.h by the nice 
of the peojile, and elected to ll-e rank of the third i i com- 
mand of their forces. He hadejhau5:ed tverv valuabl.- 
treatise. both ancient and modern, on the miUtar/ art. 
His judgment in. war was generally sound. He was ex- 
tremeJy umrful to the .\mericansin the beginning of the 
revolution, liv inspiringtheui with -military ideas, and a 
contempt discipline and v:dour.' It is diifictilt 
to say, whether the active^nd useful part he took in th; 
contest, arose from personal resentment aj^alnst the king 
of Gjeat Britain, or from a regard to the liber'ies rf A 
merica. It is certain he rcjircbated the French alli-.nci 
and republican forms of grveniment, he re'ired frin 
t5ie American service. He was, in the li-id, brave in thi 
highest degree; and with all his faults and oddities v/a' 
beloved by his officers and s^ldierr. He was devoid of 
prudence, and used to call it n rascally virtue His par- ia 
lity to dogswastoo remarkable, not to be mentioned in hi 
characer. Two or three of these animals followed hiii 
generally wlierever lie went. When Congress confirmed 
the sentence of the court-njartial, suspending him forl2 
months, he pointed to his dog and e»claimed, " Oh ! that 
I was that animal, •t'lat I might not call Ttxtn my bro 
ther." — Two virtues he possessed in an eminent degree 
viz. sincerity and veracity. He was never known to de 
ceive or desert a friend : and hewas a strai'ger to equivo 
cation, even w-here his safety or <:haracter -were at 

I X r Ji A C T s. 


IT is particularly necessari'" for girls to acquire com 
mand of temper in srguing, because much of the effect of 
their powers of reasoning, and of their wit, when they 
grew lip, will depend upon the g.^ntlene--s and good humor 
with ■«.'hicli they conduct tliemselves. A woman, who 
should attempt to thunder iike Demosthenes^ wcwU net 

find her eloquence increase her domestic happiness. We 
by no means wish that v/omen should yield their licttcr 
judgincnt to their fathers or husbands ; but, without us. 
ing any of that debasing cunning which Rousseau recom- 
mends, they may support the cause of reason with all the 
graces of female gentleness. 

A man, in a furious passion, is terrible to Ms enemies , 
but a woman in a passion, in disgusting to her friends ;sh» 
has not masculine strength and courage, to enforce any ot- 
thcr species of respect. These circumstances should b« 
considered by writers who dislike the diifercnce in tl.« 
education of the sexes. We cannot help thinking tha« 
their hajipinessisof more consequence than their specula, 
live rights, and we wisli to etlutate women so that they 
maybe happy iii the si'uatioftifiin whidi they are moat likefc 
ly to be placed. So much d.-pends tipoii the temper of wo- 
men, that it o>.fght to be most carefully cultivated in early 
life; girls should be more i.iured to restraint than h-ivsj 
because they are likely to meet with more retraint in sc- 
c cty. Girls should learn the habit ofbearing slight re. 
proofs, without thinking them matters cf gi-eat consf- 
quence; hut then they should be always pen>iuted* 
their arguments, and they should perceive that justice is 
shewn to them, and tliat they increase tlieesteem and af- 
fection of their friends by command of temper. Many 
passionate men are e.xtremely good na'ured, and make a 
,nie;ifls for cxtravr-g-ancics by their candor, and bv tlieir 
eagerness to |il?ase tho-^e whom thev have injured duriiij; 
their fits of anger. It is said that the servants of Dean 
Swift u>ed to throMr themseti-es in his way whenever he 
was in a passion, because they knewhis generosity wrulj 
recempence tlicm for siandingin tiie full fire <f his an. 
ger. A woman, who permitted herself to irea' her ser- 
vants with iU huniou.;. Lrd who believed that she ctuli 
pav tiiem for ill urag*, would ma!'eav:ry bad mislrcv-s of 
a family; her husband and her children would snl-cr fr-.m 
her ill te;tiper, withoulbcingreconipensed for their miaer-^. 
We should not let girls iniagine that tliey can balance ill 
liumour by some good qualiiy or accomplishment; be- 
cause, ill fact, there are rone whichcan supjily ihe want of 
temper in the female sex. 

A j 1ST idea of-tlte r-at^irc of dignit)-, opposed to wl'ar 
is ccm.iionly caileti spir't, should be given e».rly to- our 
fetnale pupils, hiany women, who are not disjiosed to 
violence of temjier, afiect a certain degree of petulance, a cerrain stubbornness of opiniin, nierely because 
they suppose t!iat to be gen 1-^ is to be mean ; and that to 
listea to reason, is to he deiicienc in spirit. 

ON GOOD B:i:!i.«i.v:c'ja. 

A v-ell bred man in iiisl-Pr>3vioirr hathaneriusl TTiirtur* 
of modesty andbnldness, of loquaciry Jc 'aciturnitv, of free- 
dom and reserve, and of ever/ o her q^'slity, thai degr'« 
••vhich is useful or co:7iniendJ*'e. hut whose exlrstnes ara 
either crioiinal orTidiculous. Such a nian is aKvays con- 
descendi.ig, wi'h.iut falling into themeaii;i*ss of adorati- 
on : Me is not backward in professing, bat fnore solxi- 
tous in doing' ac-s of benevulence : He is scrupulous in 
owning his regard to merit, and of giving due praise f i> 
fear of being thought a flatterer; nor of expressing a just 
dislike of vice, however dignified, to avnid th.- impu a-i- 
on of rigidness. In short all h's acions flow fr-^m a gond 
heart, Kiid are noble, generous, sincere, uniform, aiul 

If these-olfferva'ions he tru*, good ^ireeiing is a for'al 
vir'ue ; It is benevolence brought ii^to action with all th-3 
advantages and beauty of proportion and symmetrv. Corv,. 
plaisaiice is indeed its resemblance, as a shadow is of a 
substance; but complaisance is only the varnish, good- 
breeding is the real beauty of the soul, ma le visible an.l 
set in the f:iirest point of light. The only direreuce th»re- 
f.-ire, betweon the vir'uous and the well-bred rain is. that 
the latter seems to act Jiis part in life with a siijjeritir 


THH mind is undoubtedly the seat of happiness andijiit 
ser '. and it is within our power to determine which shall 
hold the empire there. To maintain an uniform conduct, 
through all the var) ing stations of life — to content our- 
selves with what comes within our reacii, without pining 
f.f;erwhat we cannot cb ain. or etu'ying others what they 
possess— to mai riaia a clear u.isillied .conscience — and i« 
aUOw fir the, iiiJirmities of others, from a retrospect of 
our own, are jierhaps some of the best rules we can laf 
down, in order to banish mise-y irom thi« nnrtal frame, 
and to actjuire such a de^^-ce oi' happiness, as may enable 
us to jienurm our terrtstial journey \.itU Suine dejree gf 
sau&tai^iion to otu-solves and utiuu'fc. 






Mr. Editor, 
YOUR male readers hive undoulrtedly fndulged in 
much inerrimentat theexpciice of the fashionable young 
lady who last week sat (or rather stood) for her picture. 
But I will now furnish a ccjunter]jart to that picture, 
which, if I mistake not, will smooth down the counte- 
nances of the young men, and turn all their U^bt into 
tbatie. For, however ridiculous it may appear in the 
young ladies to cover their foreheads and eyebrows, and 
expose their bosoms and that most uncomely part, the 
nape of the neck — to hide a white and beautiful hand in a 
glove, and unC'jvcr an ugly and dark coloured elbow — to 
make up the fore part of their dresses so parsimoniously 
*s to present to the view the whole shape of their limbs, 
whilst a sui)crabuiidance of trail is left behind to sweep 
the streets — yet a fashionable young t;cntiemait can outdo 
all this, as will ajipear from the annexed picture. 

*' Mr. Pallet," said the young man, talking his position 
on the iloor, " I hope you will not Hatter iny picture — I 
wish to be painted just as I am." — Indeed, tho't I, as I 
surveyed him from head to foot, you little suspect what 
a droll picture you will make. Figin-e to yourself, reader 

a thin slrippling But, hold, let me paint, not describe- 

" Wotikl it not be well to have your hairdressed before I 

begin," said I. " I am this instant from the barber's," 

he replied. At this moment I recollected to have heard 
that the fashion of A-earing wigs had just coitie over from 
France ; and I concluded that theyoung man had follow- 
ed this as well as other fashions ; but then 1 supposed 
the blundering barber had made a v/himsical ntistake, by 
placing the wig the wrong side foremost on the block, and 
beginning at the neck, combing every lock of hair for- 
v/ard. I asked the young man if this was not the case. 
He replied.with a surly frown, that it was all right. "Atrue 
French fashion," said I — "after turning every thing else 

topsy-turv>', it is no wonder their beads are turneit." 1 

confess I tiid not much regret that his shirt collar, (which 
was starched stiff and rearjicd up to his ears,) covered a 
p-cat part of his face, as it saved me considerable work al- 
thiiu^'h it gave the picture a very uncouth appearance. It 
was my own fault, that I did not wholly save m; self the 
trniMtr of painting his hands; for he had them both 
thrust into his pantaloon pockets, and it was at my request 
Ihathe withdrew one of thent for a copy. Here I had a 
disagreeable task to perform ; for it was necessary either 
to reprc:.ent his hand as aperfett claw, or to depart from 
his directions to paint him itiie rarts. His nails were pair- 
ed down to the tjuick at the corners, and left long, and 
sharj) an.l poin'ed in the middle. I have long observed 
this ridiculous custom wiih surprize, as it has neither con- 
venience, cleanliness, nor beauty to recommend it. Nails 
prepared in this way, might be of great use;in:iCra*cA-yf_j.6,. 
in,?, and are therefore more proper for ciif j or t/o^j than 
for tame young men. Short waistcoats have been much 
riiliculed, h\it, in my opinion, v^ry unjusJy. I could shew, 
had I time, that, exclusive of the'si.-tiiu^, (which is now all 
the rage) there are incalculable advauiages in short waist- 
coats. My subject liad carried this fashion to the utmost 
e.xccss. Of course I was not long detained about his 
ve-.t.— In short, the picture, save only the boots, was soon 
dispatched. But, the boots— Oh, what a field for black 
paint. The spindle shanks of the young man, stood in a 
pair of monstrous large S,r.mrr,„,s ; and I could con.pare 
tliein to nothing hutprstles in mortars. 
Reader, the picture is finished— look at it. 


In D'Isarel's beautiful Romance of Mejnoun and 
I.eda, the heroe becomes insane through the violence 
ofa hoiKless passion, and quitting his father's tent, 
wanders in the deserts of Arabia, accompanied only bv 1 
Gazel His father Ahmed and his preceptor Lebid, at- 
tended by a train of Bedouins, go in pursuit of him 
Afier a long search, they discover him on a dangerous 
precipice of rocks, in all the misery which his .iiental 
disorder and forlorn condition had accumulated upon 
hiin. ^ 

"The gliding shade of Kais, or *e Mejnoun, as we 
shall now tall him, stood lower among the rocks. He 
u" / ," "" '•''■ '^"^y ""conscious of its objects 
His father started, calling on him alfectionatelv. The 
Mcnnoun replied not , but. to his gazel, patted 
Its downy back, and they both sal down. The Mejnoun 
broke out into the followihg verses. 
• As same light wave that finds no calm repose. 
Still urg'd from reck to rock, in madness glows • 
Lo ! from the wild-infracted passage fled. 
It steals m munnors to a desert-bed ! 
So let hhn fly, whose soft and liurted mind 
Has strove with human rocks— a world unkind ' 

I Lebid sought in his mind for some image to soothe 
the desparing mourner, & replied ; 

And I have seen, believe the moral tale, 
A bent bough, wandering wi:h the various gale, 
The smdmgmead. the laughing vallies fly 
Ami seek tlie stream wi.h faded leaves to die ; 
Whenlo! a genial earth the plant receives, 
Andoer the pilgrim breaths a youth of leaves ' 
^o oft some wanderer pale, whose hapless eve 
Can see no soul loved friends, or sees them fly. 
Has found by time or chance, new pleasures rise, 
And felt the refuge sweet, of kinder skies. 
" The Mejnoun listened till, in his intense a1tent;n„ 

^rrofLetrT "^""'v," '-'"-^"^^ "^«-=i 
H.^ his -niin^ id::^,^^^bi''ve::eX:r:r,^:;jr 

and the voice was cherished. The tenderest asTociaTo^ .' 

1 • I! ^"'■^'•^1'"= exclaimed, that voice is the vo-ce of f ^ 
b.d!-A soft shower of tears covered his face He lei'; 

^::shor;:a^e;;:i;: ^^:^l;rm:;^r^;i^::s 

his master. He rushes down the rock, murniurinc and aiming, i„ sweet and tender tones, as he foe 
he reaches the plain, and-throws himself at the fee, of 

..Zk^}"^< stood alone: a little removed behind him 
was the silent band. The assembly was touched , and 
ttmZL "r,"'''7'^' of s,mpathy just broke the 
s llness. They sighed at the looks of the wan 
aiid desolated figure; it was scarcely that of humani- 

" Of .his vestments but a few remnants remained • 
they fluttered as they clung ,0 his skeleton bodr' Hi; 
copious tresses that still covered his shoulders were 
Ion" anS X r;f^ his nails had grown ha^d, sharp and 
lon„, atid with them he had armed himself to tear the 
birds and the smaller prey, which he hunted an<^ fed on 
by a t^tural impulse. His once fine physiognomy was 
tZ^ ""\=' "P'!," ''"'• ^"d >>- e^vessivfdaTk eye 
ooked now haggard, and sparkled with an i„cessantr,\o 

For 1804. 



"She speaks poignards, and every word stabs If 
her breaih were as terrible as her terminations, 'there 
V ere no living near her ; she would infect the north star 
!n",r a"?' "?"7,''r' "'°"Eh sl.c were endowed with 
wl, W h ' Y2'^' 'V'^ ''^'■'"■^ '-^ transgressed. She 

would have made Hercules have turned the spit ; vea and 

coreth- " '^'"V"^"'^' the fire too. Should she 
X^ j> ^'''^^'; ., '"" ""inland me any service to 
the world's end ! I would go on the slightest errand to 
«n f^?" ' "'^' )'0" can devise to send me on. I 
will felch you atootl.picker fr™ the furthest inch in A 
s.a ; bring you the Uiigth of Piester John's foot ; fetch 
you ahair of the great Cham's beard, do you any e,„baV 
ft?«n« wttrfhJlu'rp™"" """ """^ three wortU.of co^;; 


SOME years ago a young gentleman who came froin the 

highlands of Scotland, was invited to dine wilh Mr 

in the environs of New-York, everything, as a sirangej 
was shewn to him i a remarkable pear tree, on which 
there was some remarkable large fruit, seemed to attract 

his notice J Mr. , asked him if he had ever seen a. 

ny of that size before.— He answered decidedly that thev 
were nothing like equal to what grew in the Duke of Ar 
gyle s garden at Invernary. Nettled with this renlv he 
went out after dinner, while the bottle was fast nl'vinir 
round the table, and desired his gardner to cut some of the 
largest gourds orpumjikins, which he could find and tie 
them neatly upon the branches of a tree which he pointed 
out.this done when twilight approached he told his guest, 
ili..the had forgot to shew him some pears that were 
ceriamly larger than any in Scotland. He looked ut) at 
them with astonishment, and exclaimed, " I dinna doubt 
but what they are nearly as big as the Duke's." 

Mr. Ediior— I was not a little surprised to find that 
neither of the papers of the city should give an account of 
a phenomenon which happened at about 3 o'clock one of 
the mornings ot tast week ; but on looking over some of 
my old French yo„r„als of -B^^orAWrj, i;.„,/,,T fi„d 
hat these appearances are not rare, and that one was seen 
by some French astronomers but a few years ago, of which 
anaccoum is given by them, and of which the fcllowing is 
a translation. * 5 " 

7 o',?^-' l^"* ^''™''' f" ^'"' " "•■«^ 1""'«s past in the evening, the mercurv standing at U de 
grees by Far^„be,t's thermometor. Citizen -f Jurat a.,ro 
nomer, and Citizen Uconu., were on a sudden dazzCdb> 

a vcnr strong light which appeared in the heavens—-!,,., 
were then standing towards the west, and in t.uninrTn J 
towards the north, they saw in the north-east at an deval'i 
on of about 20 degt^es a kind of red flame, which apwa " 

than an equal volume of air— its dtu-a;i.,„ was abounn 
seconds. These globes of fire are no, singular iXjie 
!emp.'."'" * "' ^^"' °^ "■"'" '" ""« Connaissance aT. 
By what lean learn the phenomenon which hanncned ' 

furth r de'"""'"'^ "" '=''* '''"' ^""^ '"erefore 3 „1 
lurther description. _ " 

[Cbartsl. Courier. 

CEAtTDt SA^'q^niN, a French poet, who dieH -,f .1,1 
close of the last century, having hSd hi, house consumed 

XIV^ o„"'t7' ""' .'""= ^°''°""'K '"K^"'""' card to Zlt 
XIV. on be occasion. The Monarch at once felt the de 
l.cacy of the poet's verges, and the distress of his Uuation" 
and dteerfully ordered him the one thousand crow^' 
which were ihe object of his demand. crowns. 

To engage in your matters belongs not to me. 
1 nis, 6/,-e, inexcusable freedom would be • 
But yet when reviewing my miseries pasj. 
Of your Majesty's income the total I c.ast 
All contend(rve st lithe remembrance quite clear'' 
I our revenue's one hundred millions a ^ '-•'"/ 

nfvYd,S"K ''""'''/'' "'"'i^^'x'.PCr day iii^j^nV „ower. 
Divided, brings fourthousand crowns toan licur • 
io answer the calls of my present distress, 
MnlK ^^n "'"? '^»s"'^^edin my country recess. 
May 1 be allow'd to request, noble Sire 
Of your time fifteen minutes before I expire. 

self fr"''''f"' "^-'"'^ .^"'""' '^'='>' Pf«ipitated him- 
self from a four pair stairs window, at Paris, and was kill- 
ed on the spot. The cause of this desperate act was ei 
nss tfloi,e for aytiung woman who was resc.lutely cruel 

enrap'"r:i; dIo';? "' '°'«"' "" ''""''"' ^'«"""" "^ "^= 
" That a lover forsaken 
A new love may get ; 
But a neck when once broken 
Can never be set. 

LADY'S ROCK— Scotland. 

s,v,'^11 "'^ '°!'"'^''" '"-J of the Island of Lismore, Is » 
smal rocky hie, over which the sea rolls at high tides ; &' 
at other tunes It raises its rough head somewhat above tho 
surtace ot thewater. It is called the Lady's Rockfortha 

of dZ! whrseV.s IV^T;" -r"' °'" "' ',*"= ^"^^^"* 

.-ntory in Mull, in i^T an ow',' site dTrectl ^„''th.' 
I 5rl, ».. D„ 1 -J / «ii opju site airection to tii« 

i-aay s Ko<.k, married a sister of Arjjyle. TKe rany tvaa 
handsome and amiable, but, unhappUy, she was barren. 
•In those days, It was a high crime in the eye of a hus- 
band, when his wife bore him no children? Duart ha^etl 
his hapless lady fcr that cause, and deterinined on her de- 
stiuclion I o accomplish it safe froin detection, he or- 
dered ruflians to convey her .secre.Iy to Lismore, and there 
eave her to perish at high tide. The deed was execute.I 
to uuari s wish, and the ladv left on the rock, watchjnc: 
the rolling tide arising to overwhelm her. When she bad 
given herself up for a lost being, and e.xjiectcd in a very 
short time to be washed from the rock by th« waves she 
tortunately perceived a ves.sel sailing down the Sound of 
the Mull, ,n the direction of the rock on which she v,-a.« 
sitting-. Every effort in her power was exerted, and eve- 
ry signal in her possession was displayed, to attract the 
attention of the vessel. At kiigth thev perceived her, & 
drew near the rock. She made herself known, and rela- 
ted thatit was by the order of her barbarous husband sin 
was Ictt on the Hock, and thus reduced to the wretcliei 
state in which they fcundher. The mariners ever a ge- 
nerous race, took compassion upon her and received her 
t°rei Ml ! "■"^='' =""• conveyed her safely to Irer bro- 

'M'L-ean Duart made a grand mock funeral of his much 
loved, much lamented lady, who he announced to have 
died sudde.ily— he wrote disconsolate letters to her relati- 
ons, particularly to Argyle, and after a decent time, went 
to Inverary in deep mourning, whi^re, \vith the greatest 
grief he lamented to his brother-in-law the irreparable 
loss he had sustained. Argyle said little, bu. sent for his 
sister, whose imtxpected apj.earance i.i life and health 
proved an electric shock to her ( husband. Argyle 
was a mild and amiable man, took no other notice of M'. 
Lean, but commanding him to begone instantly, at tha 
same lime atlvising him to be on his guard, and not to 
meet hisbrotber Donald, xvho would certainly take away 
his life, for having intended to destroy that of his sister. 
Sir Donald Campbell did meet himniin- years afttrwardi 
in a street at Edinburgh, and there stabbed him for hii 
crime towards his sitter, when M'Lean was eighty year* 
of age. o J J 

Life passed under the influence of such dispositions, na- 
turally leads to a happy end. It is not enough to sav, 
faith and piety joined with active virtue, conititue the re- 
quisite preparation for heaven. Thev in truth begin the 
enjoyment of heaven. In every stale of our sxistence thisy 
tona th« chief ingredient off elicitv. 






GYPSUM.— Gvpsum is, with cli 
a sui>staiice litre called i)laister of Paris. We call it by 
the larter name, because it greatly abounds in the hi!h a- 
bout Paris, and is I'aere used as the only plaisler and ce- 
mont in buildiug. It form.s when burned like limestone, 
and mixed with water and sand, the strongest building ce- 
ment now in tise, and will bind together sufficiently fur the 
most durable walls, mere chips and refuse of quarries, 
smaller and more irregular than we place in a fence ; it 
»oon becomes also very hard, and is seen in the irops ot 
cbimnies that have been for centuries waslied by rains, 
projecting beyond the brick or frgestone that were laid 
with it. It is also used in Stucco work, for cornices and 
Other mouldings of rooms, for which it is much cheaper 
as well as handsomer than wood, though for such work, 
the Gypsumcf Nova-Scotia is found preferable to any that 
has been imported fr-nn Europe. Mixed in small quanti- 
ties and applied intantly, so as to undergo the efferves- 
cence tn which it is subject, in contact with the stones or 
bricks it j.s to cement, it renders them impervious to wa- 
ter and is a better cement than any other now known for 
reservoirs, or other mason-v.-crk that water is to cover. It 
has one o,her advantage over I jme ; it may after any lapse 
of time, berepulverized and used again, withas much suc- 
cess as at first, except under water. Like almost every 
other substance, in the now improved state of chymistry, 
it has been repeatedly analysed, and is found to contain ac- 
cording to the most accurate experiments, 46-100 of vitri- 
olic acids, 2J-000 of water. From this know ledge of its 
component parts, and by reasoning from anal igy, we 
should conjecture it to be a manure, if accident had not 
long since proved it Fuch. 

Calcarious, is of all kinds of earth, incomparably the 
richest and most co-operative, in the production of plants. 
It elferversces pnwerfuSly with acids, which it attracks 
with great force, and coUects.more or less from inost sub- 
stances in its -.le^gWiouihood, particularly from other kinds 
of earth, rlie air and water. — Vitriolic acid is also known 
to be a powerful operator, correcting and neutralizing se- 
veral species of Salts, which are destructive of vegetation, 
and with whVcli divers tioils abound. It is also a great dis- 
solvent of hard substances, which, by decomposing also 
9X the same tiine from substances it dissolves, quantities 
of fixed air, which the plants immediately take and pro- 
fit by. 

That the plaister increases the quantity of water, any 
farmer may obser^'c by seeing in dry warm weather the 
ground which has been sprinkled with it, retains the aj)- . 
pearance of dew for one or two hours Linger than ground 
adjoining, which has no* been npriKl-led. — This appear- 
ance of dew, is doubtless in part tlie real dew retained by 
an attraction which resists the exhaling influence of the 
sun ; probably it is in part also water which did not fail 
as dew : but which the calcerious earth and the vitriolic 
acid of the jilaisler, both powerful attractors of water, 
have drawn from the air ; that element always sustaining 
alarge portion of water, and much tnore in hot, dry wea- 
ther than at other times; though too much rariSed to be 
visible. With an observance of this phenomenon, should 
be coupled the reHectinn, that wbon ground is warm, a sin- 
gledrop communicated to the root, will prodndc ' more 
1 or a hundred drops when it is cold, heat 
Jiijunctly being the parents -of vegetation, 
r also be desirous to test the dissolving 
power ot the plaister, let hiin when he has ploughed up 
the strong matted turf in dry land, give one part plaister 
and the oifier none, and see which wUl rot or dissolve the 

For soine rea-ion or other unassigned, the plaister is not 
used as a inanure in France, where it is so easy to obtain 
It. This may be owing to an ancient Gennan prejudice, 
shoucaswell founded as the one which Till lately kept po- 
tatoes out of France.—or it nitty be possibly owing to the 
soil of that country, being sufficiently impregnated with 
the plaister without sowing it ; or that soil, like some o. 
thers, 15 too highly charged with iron, for the plaister to 
produce much etfcct. But in countries bordering on 
France, as th>; North of Italy, Switi:eiland and Germany 
the pliuster has been used as a manure, and still is. Its 
wonuertul chects in the latter country, at a less enlighten- 
ed ptriodthan thepresent, were deemed magical— and the 
useot it on thataccount, proscribed; but the peasants con- 
triuicd to sow It under cover of night, being less afraid of 
the devd than their magistrates. 

[^Connecticut Courant. 
«i^M,tMt.a,.»uav^«aamt\MMjiMMMja ^ iiMwvniiin "t 


Ricbmmid, October 2itli, 1804. 


I observe in the' last <■ Minerva," that you have 
come to a determination to unite yourself to some pru 
denv helpmate for life, in order to avoid the ill-,!a^red re 
?cIns'dT "' ' • " "'= '°' "f "'-'bacy to encounter Th: 
v/hcn I inform yon, that your letter has convinced me of 
«Ue proprict;- of cnteri„s into the married state ; There- 

growth, tliaii t 
and mo; 
Should ; 

fore, do not let the indigiation e.xcited by that most odi- 
ous of all fashionable deioniiities, a Red Wig, so far out- 
weigh the resclutitn of % our liberal and unprejudiced mind, 
as to deter you frorn enlisting yourself among the number 
of Hymen's votaries. 

It may perhaps appear extraordinary, to you, .that a fe- 
male should have the efirontery thus to address you; con- 
fidence in your honour, and a regard for your welfare, 
(as well 3s my own) are tlic inducements ; it is therefore, 
without licsitation I do it, and to save the mutual em- 
barrassment and difficulty, above all to save time, of 
which we have hone to lose, I now violate customary 
forms, and make you an offer of my hand. 

You would certainly be vei-y imprudent to make any ad- 
vances oh the present occasion, wliilst you remain iu en- 
tire ignorance of the qualificatioiis of the person that 
now addresses you ; I SviU therefore take the liberty to 
mention those I possess, which are considered most ne- 
cessary in the regulation of a family. In the various de- 
partments of managing servants, needle- v.'ork, preparing 
pickles and preserves, and all other domestic duties, I 
will concede the superiority to no female of my acquain- 
tance. From attentive observation, I have learned to pre- 
])are a variety of family medicines, and consequently to 
dispense with the services of a physician or apothecary : I 
can for instance extract Castor Oil from Parma Ghristi, 
and distil Mint and orher waters. I have now in my 
book-ease, a manuscript vclume containining a 
number of ]>rescriptions for the cure of various disorders 
incident tomankind and Horned Cattle, than has appear- 
ed in all the Al-.nanacks sir.ce my remembrance, the uti- 
lity of which I daily experience, and flatter myself you 
will feel their efficacy. 

Of the personal and mental qualiftcatiors with which 
nature has endowed me, I will not .speak — on an inter- 
view, your own good sense and discernment will discover 
them, for I shall endeavour to hide nothing from you. I 
have not the vanity to think myself free from fault, but 
trust t^ your lenity in putting the best construction on 
those which you may discover. 

It may not be improper to add that my jfccuniary af- 
fairs are not in the worst order. A great aunt who died 
when I was a child, bequeathed me a legacy of f.fteen 
hundred Dollars, which sum has been gradually attginen- 
ting by the annual addition of legal interest for thirtj'-two 
years past, my services during that period, being found 
sufficiently acceptable to my friends, to prevent me from 
encroaching on my inheritance. This last circifmstance, 
suiTiCiently denotesmy frugality and knowledge of domes- 
tic aifairs. 

After the reasons I have given for thus addrsssing you, 
do not let my forwardness prQm]it you to forma bad opi- 
nion of :ne, njither let your dlLJouce i.iducc you to be 
backward m reply. I blush wliile I add, it will not be the 


able if 1 

If I 


ced of the many good qualities you possess, this would ne- 
ver have btcn written — do not think me disposed to flat- 
ter you — be assured, I only pen the diet: 
bhould delicacy prevent my adding t 
111) lieart. After this candid confession, if you at-cdispoced 
lobe better acquainted with the writer, and are inclined to 
" unite in bonds of lasting peace," you may, by applying 
to the printer, receive the address of 




As soon as 1 had finished my dinner on Sunday, mind- 
ful of my proiuise tothe poor old cottager, I deleraiined to 
visit him without delay, and offer him such Consolation as 
my means afforded. Perhaps, thought I, it may not yet 
be too late to save his distracted child ; perhaps, his mi- 
serable daughter may still be wandering through the fields 
and woods, oppressed by hunger and fatigue; but it is 
more jirobable that her delicate constitution has been en. 
tirety destroyed ; that her tender frame, unused to hard- 
ship, has sunk beneath the heavy load of cahimities by 
which it had been aHicted. But if, perchance, she was 
still mcxistence, might she not be reclaimed from the vi- 
ces of those unfortunate women, whose lives are misera- 
ble to themselves, and disgraceful to the character of their 
sex > Might she not be rendered an useful as well as a vir- 
tuous member of society ? 

My mind had been occupied by reflexions of this kind 
during the first mile or two of my walk; but these now 
gave way to ideas of a more pleasing kind;— an exten- 
sive field of green corn, wav;.rg gently to and fro, resem- 
bled the surface of a lake, agitated by a mild breeze ;— a 
flock of sheep were grazing in a neighbouring pasture ; the 
jilayful lambs, e.xcited by the genial waimth of the sun, 
were skipping round their dams in youthful innocence. 
This scene reminded me of my childhood; the contented 
thechearful hours of early life were fresh in remembrance ; 
1 thoughtof those happy days when clierished by tjiepro- 
tecting hand of a father, I had accompanied him in his 
domestic pursuits, viewing the beauties of the opening 
spring, or enjoying the fruits of departing sumitier ; by 
hisjirecepts and example I had often profited ; the pros- 
perity of his offspring was his principal care ; few ehU.- 

dren are blessed with such a parent: but I had lost mv be- 
oved father at the most critical period— when I was just 
beginning to feel the want of such a monitor ; a cruel 
fever cut him off in the bloom of life. 

I approached the habitation of the poor old man whi 
was the object of my visit. An awful stillness at first mad» 
me suspect that he had quitledhis house : but on approach- 
ing the door, I was met by the faithful' old dog, who seem- 
ed to participate in the sorrow which surrounded him, al- 
though nature had not allowed him the means of expiiss- 
ing his grief: he looked stedfastly in my face, and with 
far more expression than many human beings can boast; 
this dog, said I, feels for the misfortunes of his master ; 
tis true he cannot judge of the extent or the cause of 
those niistortunes i yet, he appears sensible that there i* 
cause lor affliction ; his master's being sad is tu'Ticient 
reason that he should be so too ; he sympathises in his suf- 
terings ;— what a blessing to society, thought I, if all 
man.iind possessed the sympathetic benevolence of this 
dumb animal ! 

The door of the cottage was open, and I entered with- 
out ceremony ;_,he unfortunate old man lay extendtd 
on a miserable straw-bed : a gentleman was sitting by 
his bed and feeling his pulse ; and an honest looking 
countryman was mixing some powders for the patient. 
The gentleman presently departed, requiring the country- 
man to pay strict attention to his directions, observing 
that he would cal again the neximorning. I approached 
the bei^ of the old man ;_he cast on me a look of inde- 
scribable horror, and exclaimed, •• away ' be'^one thou 
" infamous poltroon ; thou hast ruined my daughter; tliou 
" hast murdered my wife and my child; when will the 
" vengeance of Heaven overtake thee, thou inhuman mon- 
" ster ." I perceived he was delirious, and enquired of 
the countryman who attended on hiin, how lor?g he had 
been m that condition. .. He was taken out of his sen- 
•• ses (replied the man) when he first heard that his 

'■ daughter was drowned! !" Hisdaughterdrowned !" 

e.xclaimetl I with amazement; •• Yes,'Sir," replied he 
" one ot my neighbours and myself fiund her this 
" morning iloating near the edge of the rive/, about two 
" Hides above here." He then proceeded to inform me 
that it was uncertain whether she had comnirtted suil 
cide, by voluntary plunging into th« river, or whether she 
had tuiiibled in by accident, in wandering along the steep 
bank. He said that the old man on hearing the fate of 
h:s cnild was msrantly seized with a burning fever, which 
liaa bereft hini of his reason, and tlie Doctor believed that 
It would scon destroy his life. I enquired the name of tho 
physician; he informed me that the g-ntleman who left 

th; house just as I came In, was Dr of Rich- 

mond, one of the best men in the world ; the counlrvniail 
observed, that he bad fortunately:,ee't him ashe passed a- 
long the road that evening, and had called him in to ths 
assistance of his worthy old naighbcur :—•■ But all will not 
do," ccmtiniied he, " for although the generous Doctor 
pays the sa:me attention to poor people who pay him no- 
thing, as to the rich who give him great fees, he cannot 
save my poor oil neiglibour ; the old man. Sir, dies of a 
broken heart." "Would to God," replied I, " that I was 
a skilful pliysician ; did I possess the power- of relieving 
the distressed poor, would I denv it as some do,tccause the 
person who sjlicits my assistance is too needy to recom- 
pense me! I blush for the humanity of some men, who 
call themselves enligh'ened and civilized."— The counlrv- 
man, who had for some time been standing bv the old 
in-in's bed, informed me that he believed he was dyin"; 
his conjecture was true : his breath seemed almost s'opl 
ped ; his pulse was gone ;— it presently returned ; then 
stopt ; he fetched one long gasp and expired. 

Would to God that all the world could have witnessed 
this scene ; what an impression would it have made on 
them : would the infamous Seducer then dare to walk our 
streets in open day-light as he now does ? No. H's cha- 
racter would be viewed with just indignation by society ; & 
he v/ould meet the punishment dui to his crimes. 

H A R L E Y. 



The most important article in the London papers, i* 

the notice of the arrival at Copenhagen of 10 Russian 

ships of the line and 10,000 troops at that place ; and that 

and attempt had been made on t'ne life of Louis XIV^ by 

poison. The French still continu**to make great ])re- 

paraiion, but had not yet taken any decided step as to ih» 


A letter has been received at New York from the city 
of St. Domingo, dated Augustll, which mentions thear- 
rival there of two frigates froin France, having in compa- 
ny an English frigate, captured on the passage. The let- 
ter also notices the arrival of a reinforcement of 350 regu- 
lar tror-ps. Harry Touhnin Esq. late Secreiarv of 

the State of Kentucky, is aji]>oin1ed by the Pre:,ident of the 

United Stats, a Judge of the Mississippi territory 

The ship Little Cornelia, cipt. Harrison, from Rochefrrt 
has been captured ofl'the Hook, by the British ship of war 
I.eander. Thevessel and cargo were owned by Mr. Joha 
Juh^l, of New -yoi-Jc, »n Amsrican citizen. 



WHERE now arc all thy golden vit'ions Kci '. 

•»>• ench»mr«i, whitlur »re the/ flown ! 
Soaring aloft, by Fancy's finger led, 

1 lat exulting on her fairy throne : 

Thro' airy arches, built with beams of light, 
Their odorous spoil Arabian brteies bring i 

Joy, with his lamp rf exijuiiiie delight. 

And keen eyed rapture claps hiseigie winj. 

Ah ! dear delusion, bright celestial shade. 
Too pure to grace this sublunary sphere. 

All earthlj bliss is born to bloom and fade, 
Waices with a smile and doses with a tear. 

Too soon, alas, the transient scene is o'er. 
The meteor shines, then sinks, and it no more. 

Oh ! give a poor boy some relief : 

Turn Pity's soft ear to his talc ; 
Whilst he tells tlie sad cause of his grief. 

Let the voice of compassion prevail. 

Pa'e hunger sits on my wan cheek ; 

I'm lost to allcotnfnrt and jo; t 
In vain food and raiment I seek ; 

Tiadeny'd to the poor beggar boy* 

Time was when contented 1 swcl'J : 

When to care my poor krcast did annoy f 

But alas ! rf Mi-jfortunc the child. 
Now wanders the iraor b^gg-ir boy. 

•Those parents 1 1 w'd are no more ! 

No longer their smiles 1 cnj.iy ! 
And Time can, Ih ! n;ver restore 

That delight to the poor bfgjar boy. 

All the da;-, cold and hungry I roam, 

To seek' for an hones: employ ! 
And at night tliore':, no cottage orhom* 

To receive the lir'd begj-ir boy. 

Then gmt the smsll boon I require. 
From the bountiful store yofl enjoy ! 

Let nic warm m,- chill'd hands by your Sre, 
And give food to the poor beggar boy. 

That yonr treasure may diily increase ,— 
That no care Iiiav vcur comforts alloy, — • 

That your -ear-, mi; b'! cr own'd wi;Upcace,- 
Is the wish of the poor be^'gar bw. 

Soon shall famine ar.d sorrow corfibin'd. 
My youth and my healih quite destroy, 

And' kind death a sweet refuge shall find 
For the vrvetched and poor beg^-ar boy. 


I'lOV'D by a stran~- rnysterioui power, 
Who hastes along the rapid hour, 

I touch the deep-ton'd string ; 
Even now I saw bis wither'd face. 
Beneath yon tower's mouluf^ring base* 

Where mossy vestments cling. 

Oark roU'd his cheerless eye around, 
Severe his grisly visage frown'd, 

No locks his head array'd : 
He grasp'daltcroe's antique bust — ■ 
The marble crumbled into dust. 

And sunk amidst the shade. 
Malignant triumph fill'dhis eyes — 

• See hapless mortals, see' he cries, 

' How Tain your idle schemes ; 
« Beneath my grasp the fairest forrtr, 
■ Dissolves aid mingles with the worm •- 

' Thus vanish mor:al dreams. 

• The works of God and man I spoil ; 

• The noblest jjro'.f of human toil 

• I tvea: as childish tovs ; 

• 1 crush i)^ i-.oble and the brave ; 
VBeauty I i^itr ; andin the grave 

• I bury human "joys,' "'^ 

Hold! ru' hless phantohvi-'ioldl cn-'d^— 
If thou canst mock the dreaiti of pride. 

And nieanc.-l-icpes devour, 
Virtue beyond thy reach shall bloem. 
When other charms sink to the tomb f' 

She scorns thy envious power. 

, On frosty wings the demon fled, 
Howling as o'er the walls he sped. 

" Another yeai 

The ruined s))ire- 

AsTiire llew 

IS gone ; 
-the crumbli 
wiftly on. 

Since beauty then to time must bow. 
And age deform the fairest brow. 

Let brighter charms be yours ; 
The female mind, embami'd in truth, 
Shall bloom in everlasting youth. 

While 7rtne himself endures. 




About thirty years after, our philosopher was on a visit 
at Genrva ; the promise he made to La Soehc and his 
daughter, on his formervisit, was recalled to his mind, by 
the view of that range of mountains on a part of which 
they often looked together. There was a reproacil too, 
conveyed along v.ith the recollection, for his having failed 
to write to r'y.V.-.T for several months past. The truth 
was, thai indolence was the habit most natural to him, 
from which he was not easily r'.u.'icd by the claims of 
correspondence either of his Iricr.ds or of his «nemies ; 
when the latter drew their pens in controversy, they were 
oftenunanswercdas well as the former. While he was 
hesita'ing about a vi.?it toZrt Hochl, v.-;i;ch he wished to 
make, but found the effort rather too iTiuch for him, he 
received a letter from the olt't man, which had been for- 
warded to him from Paris, where ho had the.a fi.vcd h's 

residence. It containtd a gentle complaint ot Mr — ^ 's 

want pr punctuality, but an assurance of c^minied grati- 
tude for his farmer good oKces ; and, as a friend whom 
the wi iter cont-.di red inteves-ed in his ram3y, it informed o) tlie apjiroaching nuptials of M.a'm,)'.seUe La 2(o:iie, 
with a voimgman, a relation of her own, and formeriy a 
pv.pil of herfathe-'s of the mrst aniitble disposition, and 
respectable charai:ier. Attached from their earliest yeai^s 
they had been separated by bis joining ore of the subsidi- 
ary rrriments of the Canton, then in the set-vice of a fo- 
rt ign power. In this .situation, hehad d\' tiuguished him- 
self as much for courage and military akdl, as for the o- 
ther endowments which he had cultivated a: home. The 
terni of his service v/as now expired, and they expected 
l;im to return in t few weeks, when the old man hoped, 
as he expressed it in his letter, to Join their hands and sec 
them happy before he died. 

Our philopher felt himseifintcrested in this event ; but 
hcAvas not. perhaps, altogcOer sohajjpy in the tidings of 
Ma'moiselle LaMocht's marriage, as her father sii;)posed 
him. K(.t that he was ever a lover of the lady's ; but he 
thought her one of theniost amiable women he had seen, 
and there was somc.hing in the idea ofherbelngann, Iter's 
f.n- ever, that struck him, he knew not why, with disap- 
pointment After some little specula'i m on the rnaner, 

however, he could look on it as a thing fittinj;;, if not quite 
a;;reeable, and determined on this visit to set his old fr.end 
and daughter happy. 

On the Erst, day cf his journey, dift"et»nt acciden's liad 
retarded his progress; he was bcni-h'ed before he rracbcd 
the quarter in which La Roche r.-."jided. His guide, bow- 
ev er, was well acquainted with the road, and he found 
Mni^elf at last in view of the lake, which 1 have b.-fore 
described, in the neighbourhood of La it'oc^e'j- dvveiling. 
A light gleamed on the water, that seemed to proceed 
from the house ; it moved slowly along as he proceeded 
up the side of the lake, and at last he saw it glimmer 
through the trees, and stop at some tlistance from the 
place where he then was. He supposed it some piece of 
bridal merrim.ent, and pushed on his horse that he might 
be a spectator of the scene : but he was a good deal shock- 
ed, on approaching the spot, to find it proceeded from 
the torch of a person clothed in the dress of an attendant 
on a funeral, and accompanied by several others, v;lio, 
like him, seemed to have been employed in the rights of 

On Mr. 's making enquiry who was the person 

they had been burying ! one of them, with an accent more 
mournful than is common to tlieir profession, answwcd, 
'Then you knew not Mademoiselle, Sir?" — ycu never 
beheld a lovel'.tr" — ' La Roche ." c.xclaiiTjed he in reply : 
' Alas ! it wassbe indeed 1' — The appearance of surprise 
and grief which his counfenance assumed attracted the no* 
tice of the peasant with whom he talked — He came closer 

to Mr. ; • I perceive. Sir, you were acquainted 

' with Mademoiselle ia Ro:.b:.' — ■ Acquainted with her 1 

. Good God ! — when — how — where did she die ? Where 

. isherfatherP— •Shedied, Sir, of heart-break, Ib;lievc; 
. the young gentleman to whom she was soon to have 
' been married, was killed in a duel by a French oiTicer, 

■ his intimate CDnij>anion,and towhom, before theirquar- 

■ rel, he hadofton done the greatest favors. Her worthy 
' f.ither bears herdca-h, as he has often told us a Christi- 
' an should : he is so cotnposed as to be now in his pul]iit, 
' ready to deliver a few exhortations to his jjarishoners. as 

•Sir, and you shall liear him.' — lie followed the man 
witbotit ansv.'ering; 

The church was tiiml) lighted, e.\cept near the pulp'rr, 
where lite vcneiable La koc'je was seated. His pei./rf' 
were now lifting up their voices in a psalm to that Being 
whom their pastor had iau:;ht them ever to blets and to 
revere. La Ruci'e sat, his tigurc bending gently forward, ' 
hiseyeshalf-clcsed, lifted up in «il;:nt devotion. A lam» 
placed near him threw its light strong on his head, antl, 
inarkedthe shadow y line.-, of age across the paleness of his 
brow, thiiUy covered with gvey hairs. 

The music ceased ; La Roche sat for a moment, 

and nature wrung a few tears from him. His people 
were loud in their jrief. Mr.—— was not less af- 
fected than they.— ia Bucbe arose. — ' Farther of mer- 

• Lies l^said be, ' forgive these tears ; assist thy servant to 
' lilt up his soul to thee ; to lift to thee the souls of Ihjr 
' people !— My friends ! i: is good so to do : at i-.ll seasons 
' it is f;ood : but, in the days of ourdistrcss, what a privi- 
' lege it is ! Well saith tiie sacred book, "Trust in the 

■ Lord ; at all times trust in the Lord." When everf 
' other support fails us, when the fount„in« of worldly 

• comfort are dried \y^, let us then seek those livingwaters 

■ which How from the tbrone of God. 'Tis only from fh« 

• belief of the goodness and wisdom of a Supreme Being, 
' that our calaniitics can 4ie borne in that manner which 

• bcc(.mes aman. Human wisdom is here cf little vise ; 
' for, in j,roporiion as it bestows comfort, it rcprenresfeel- 
I ing, wnht.iit which we may cease to be hurt by calamity, 
' but we shall also cease to enjoy happiness. — I will not 
•bid you beinsen.'.ible. my ! I cannot, if I would 

• (his tears flowed afresh) — I feel too much myceif, .and I 

• am not ashaitied of my feelings; but therefore may \ 
' the more wi.lit.(.ly be heard i therefore have I prayed 

• God .0 give ine strength to speak, to yon : to direct yott 

• to him, not \vith empty words, bat with these-teirs ; not 

• iipecnlatlon,but from experience- -that while you seeine 

• sutler, you may know my con6oli.-ion. 

• Vou behold the mourner of his only child, the last 

• earthly st?.y and blessing of his declining years. Such 
' a child too ; it becomes not me to speak cf her virtues i 
' yet it is but gratitude to mention them, because they 

• were e.\erted tn',vards myself. Not many days a^ 

• you saw her young, beautiful, virtuous, and happy ; — ye' 

• who are parents will judge of iny felicity then, — ye will 

• judge of my afflictioti now. Hu. I look to'vardshim whe 

• slTtickme ; I see the h?nd of my father atnidst the cltas- 

• tellings of my God -Oh could 1 make yon feel 

• v.-hat it is to pour cu' the heart, when it is pressed down 
' with TTjany sorrows, to pour it out with confidence tA 

• him, in who:;e hands are life and death, on whose power 

• awaits all that the first enjoys, and iit crntcmplation o/ 

• whom disappears all that tite last can inflict ! — For w« 

• are not as those who die v.-itbont hope ; we know that 

• the Redeemer livcth,— that we sh.all live with him, with 

• our friends, his servants, in tiiar h!L.:;.ed land where sor- 

• row is unknown, and happiness is as endless as it is |,eT» 

• feet.— Go then, mourn not for me, 1 have not lost my 

■ child ; but a little while and we shall meet again, n4- 

• verto be sejiarated. But ye arc also my chidren : would 
' ye that I shculdnot grieve without^comfort ? — So live as 

• she lived; that, when your death cometh, it may be the 
' death of ihe righteous, a.nd your Utterend like his.' 

Stich was the e.\hortation of La Roche ; his audlenc* 
an.iwered it with their tears. Tbe.good olJ manhaddried 
up his at the altar of the Lord ! his coun'-e.iance had lost 
its sadness, and assumed the glow of faitli and of hope.— 

Mr. followed him into his he use. — The inspirati' 

on cf the pulpit was past ; *t the sight of h.m the scenes 
they had last met in ruthed again on his mi .d ; L-! Rode 
threw his arms round his neck, and watered it with his 
tears. The other V. as equally afieced ; they went toge- 
ther, in silence, into the parlour, where the eve.iirg ser- 
vice was wont to be performed. The cur.aias cf the or- 
gan weieoptn ; La Roche started back at tlie sight. — 'Oh! 
my fii'^nd !' said he, and his tears burst forth again. 
Mr had now recollecwd himjelf ; he stcpt for- 
ward, and drew the curtain close — the old man wiped off 
his tears and taking his friend's hand, • You see my weak- 
ness,' said lie, ' 'tis the weakness of humanity ; but my 

comfort is not therefore lost.* ' 1 heard you,' said the 

other, • ill the pulpit ; I rejoice that such consolation is 
your's.' — ' It is, my friend,' said he, ' and I trust I shall 
ever hold it fast : if there are any who doubt our faith, 
let them think of what importance religion is to cr-lamity, 
and ferbear to weaken its force : if they cannot restore 
ourhappiness, let the.n not take away the solace of oar af- 

Mr. 'slieart was smitten ; — and I have heard him 

long afier confess, that'here were moments when the re- 
membrance overcame him even to weakness ; when a- 
midst all the pleasures of philosophicr.', discovery, and the 
pride of literarv fame, he reralled to his mind tht venera- 
ble figure of th'e good La Rcc'.e, and wiihcd that he had 
never doubted. 

P»r£,TEt> «Y 

TWO DoonsBELOw a'Hs Sstax-Tavern, 




, [Vo. 


RICHMOND:— r£/£5i)j<r, NOVEMBERB, 1301. 

[NVMBER 9.] 


i.._.. The Minerva" will be neatly printed, 
weelvlv, on a haU'-sheet Siiper-Uoyal pajjer. 

2J. — The tenifis are ■ 
be paid in advance. 

poLLAiispcr innum 

Sd. — A handsome title-page and fable of contents |t 

\v ill be furiiiihed (gratis) at Ihe completion of eacli |k 

I v.,l,„>,e. I 


MARCUS BRUTUS, the Roman general, was 
of an extraordinary mild disposition, and great ma<j- 
raniiitity : and thererore, before he began hostili- 
ties, sent to the Lycians, to demand a supply of men & 
money ; but the Lycians, despising his humanity and 
good na'ure, would hearken to no terms ; so that Brutus 
was forced, against h^s will, to^ lay siege to Xanthus, their 
ca]>i.alci.y, which he foresaw would bring iunu.nerable 
evils on a brave, and gallant people. The besieged made 
a most vigorous defence, and behaved in their sallies with 
tmparalleleJiiravery, but were always repulsed wi:h great 
Joss. The day, abiut noon, they made another sally 
Bet fire to the engines of their enemies, and retired wi;h 
jp-tat haste within the walls. The Romans pursued them 
close, and entered the city to the number of two thou- 
sand, with the besieged : but the porlicllUis falling, ei- 
thrr by a stratagem ot the e"emy or by accident, maty 
of the Romans were crushed to pieces, and the vest shut 
in without any jiossible means of retiring, or receiving the 
least assistance from their friends. In this desperate con- 
dition they resolved at least to sell their lives dear ; and 
with this view marched in good order through showers of 
darts to a temple dedicated to Sarpedon King of Lycia, 
who was sujiposed to have been lulled in the Tr.ijan war. 
Tlicre they fortified themselves, and sustained a siege in 
tlicvery heart of the citv. In the mean time. Bru'usand 
his uitn. evened their utmost etTor^s to relieve their feU 
low soldiers ; but all their endeavours were to no effect, 
the Xanthians defending it with a bravery and resolution 
vhich surjjrised the Itomaus themselves. Some sp irks 
of lire being carried by a violent wind front the inachines, 
which burnt with great fierceness, to the battlements, and 
from thence to the adjoining houses, the Hame was soon 
spreod all over the city, and the confligrarion became ge- 
lieial. Brutus, fearing the whole would be destroyed, or- 
dered his soldiers to lay aside all thoughts of revenge, and the inhabitants iu quenching tlie fire. Perceiving 
the dames bla/.c out in different parts of the city in a 
most frightful manner, he mounted his horse, and riding 
round t\ie v.alls, stretched forth his hands to the inhabi- 
tants, begging of them that they would spare their own 
lives, and save their town : but his intreaties were not re- 
givded. The JCanthians were immovably determined not 
to outlive the loss of their liberty, and therefore repulsed 
with showers of arrows the Romans whom the good na- 
tured general sent to their assistance. Nay, they them- 
selves gathering to'^ether reeds, wood, and other combus- 
tible matter, sjjread the fire over the whole city, feeding it 
with what fuel they could get. Some of them cii: the 
throats of their wives, their children, and their slaves, be- 
fore ilie soldiers faces, and then leapt into iLhe flames. 
Not only thv- men, but the women, nay, even the children, 
ran like^yiitd beasts on the enemies swords, or threw them- 
selves headlong from the top of the walls. Some chil- 
dren were sseit oSering their throats, or opening their 
breasts to their father's swords, and begging they would 
take away that life which they had given. When the city 
•was almost wholly reduced to ashes, awoinan was found 
who had hanged herself with her young child fastened to 
her neck, and the tt.rch in her hand, with which she had 
setfire to her own liouse. When this was related to Bru- 
tus, he burst into lears : and declining to see so tragical 
an object, he Droclaimed a reward to any soldier who 
should save a Xaiithuin : but, with all his care and good- 
nature, he could only preserve one hundred and fifty i and 
those much agtviust their will. 

[TtffoHmiing letlerfrMi the celebrated Dr. Goldsmith, 
pourlrays in animated language, the feelings of a poor au- 


Ckacow, August 2, 176S. 


You see by the date of my letter, that 1 am ai-rived 
in Poland. When v.iU my wanderings be at an end f 
le leave to enjoy 

When will my restless dis) 

the present h, ur ? VVhti. atLvons, I thought that alUiap- 
pmess la> bejond the Alp. ; when in Italy, I found my- 
self still in ^^ ant of sonie.hing, and expected to leave so- 
licitude bthiiid me by going into Romelia, and now you 
may tind ine turning back, still expecting ease everywhere 
but where I am. It is now seven years, since I saw the 
fate of a single creature, who caretl a farthing whether I 
was dead or alive. Secluded from all the comforts of 
conhdente, friendship or society, I feci the solitude of a 
hermit, but not his case. 

The Prince of • • • has taken me in his train, so that 
I am in no danger of starving fi'r this bout. The prince's 
governor is a rude ignorant pedant, and his tutor a batter- 
ed rake ; thus, between two such ciiaracters,.you may im- 
agine he is finely instructed. I made some attempts to 
display all the little knowledge I had acquired by reading 
or observation ; but I find myself regarded as an ignorant 
intruder. The tru.h'is, I shall never be uiile to acquire a 
power of'expressing myself, with case, in any language 
but my own ; and out of my own country, the highest 
character 1 can ever acquire, is that of being a philosophic 

When I consider myselfin thecountry which wasonce 
so formidable in war, and spread terror and desolation o- 
ver the whole Roman empire, I can hardly account for 
the present wretchedness tind pusillanimity of its inhabi- 
tants, a prey to every invader ; Iheirrcities plundered with- 
out an enemy; their magistrates seeking redress by com- 
plaints, atid not by vigour. Every thing conspires to raise 
my comj)assion for their miseries, were not my thoughts 
too busily engaged by my own. The whole kingdom it 
in a strange disorder ; when our equipage, which consists 
of the Prince and thirteen attendants, had arrived at some 
towns, there were no conveniences to be found, and wi 
were obliged to have girls to conduct us to the I havi- 
seen a woman travel thus on horseback before us for thirti 
miles, and think herself highly paid, and make twenty re- 
verences, upon receiving, with e.\tasy, about two pence for 
her trouble. In general, we v/ere better served by the wo- 
men than by the men on those occasions. They scctried 
directed by a low sordid interest alone; they seemed 
mere machines, and alltlieir tlioughts were employed in 
the care of their horses. If wegently desired them to make 
more speed, they too.'( not notice ; kindlangutje 
v/as what they had by no means been used to. It" was 
proper to sptak to thciri in tones of anger, and some-imes 
it was even necessary to use blows to e.vcitethem to their 
duty. How different these from the common jjeople of 
England, whom a blow ;. light induce to turn the aflVo.i- 
sevenfold '. These poor peo])le, however, from being 
brought up to vile usage, lose all respect which iheyshouhi 
have for themselves. They have contracted a habit of re- 
garding constraint as the great rule of their duty. When 
they were treated with mildness, they no (onger continued 
to perceive a sujieriority. They fancied themselves our 
equals, and a continuance of our humanity might probablv 
have rendered them insolent ; but the imperious tone, ,nc'- 
naces, and blows, at once changed their sen.satioils and 
ideas : their ears and shoulders taught their souls to shrink 
back inn servitude, f-rom which th^' had for some mo- 
ments, fancied themselves disengaged. 

The enthusiasm of liberty an Englishman feels is ncrer 
so strong, as when jiresented by such jirospecis as these. 
I must own, in all my indigence, it is one of inv comforts, 
(perhaps, indeed, it is my only boast,^ that I am of that 
happy country : thoughl .scorn to starve there; thtjut.h I 
do not choose to lead a life of wretched dejiendcnce, or be 
an object for my former acquaintance to point at. While 
you enjoy all the ease and elegance of prudence and 
virtue, your old friend wanders over the world, without a 
single anchor to hold by, or a friend, except ; ou, to 
confide in. 

Your's S^c. 


THIS extraordinary person is about twenty-eight vears 
of age, and has a wife and several small children, whom 
he endeavours to maintain by great application to business, 
and by teaching children to rend and write, which is all 
the learning he ever received himself, being taken from 
school at seven years old. 

He lives atthe village of Rowley, near Hales Owen, a- 
bout seven miles from Birmingham, in Stalfords iue,and 
two miles from an estat.e of the late Mr. William Shen- 
tone, cillled the Leasowe^ 

Alter he was taken from school, he had no means of 
grat.f , ing .his insatiable thirst after reading and knowledgo 
but by procuring the magazines with such littlepcrquisites 
ashecouldjiick up, until about five years ago, when anac- 
cident brought him acquainted with Mr. Shenstone. 

That gentleman, who by improving with a true taste of 
her beauties, has rendered the Leasowes the admiration of 
all who have seen the place, used to sulVer his delightful 
walks to be open to every Body, until the mi.chief that 
was done by the thoughtless, or the malicious, obliged h'rn 
to exclude all but such as should have his special p?rmissi. 
en on a [iropct application to that purpose. Woodhous,- 
who, mor^ a loser by this prohibition than almost anv o- 
ther uerson whom this excluded, ajiplied to Mr. Shei'istono 
tor leave to indulge his .imagination among the scenes 
which had so often delighted him before, by a copy of ver. 
ses. This immediatel; proccrcd him the liberty' he soljl 
cited, and introduced liim to Mr. Shenstone himself. The 
poem ajipeared to be so extraordinary for a peBipn in so 
obscurea station, who had been taken from a school atse- 
vcn years old, and had since read nothing but inaga?,ines, 
that he cirered him not only the use of his f irdeii 
but his library. 

Woodhouse, however,'did not suffer hislove of poetry, or 
his desire of knowledge to intrude, upon the duties of hi« 
station ; as his work employed only his hands, and left his 
imiid at liberty, he Used to place his pen and ink at his 
itle, while the last was in his- lap, and when he had m.ide 
a couplet he wrote it down on his l.nee'; his seises for 
reading he borrowed, not from those which others' of hii 
i-ank usually devote to tippling, or skittles, but from the 
hours -i.hich otherwise v.-oiildhave been lost in sleep. 

The versification of this extraordinary wri'er. is harmo- 
nious, hisla.,guage is pure, his imagis poetical, and liii 
santmients uncommonly tender and elegant. 

His poem to Mr. Shenstone, was written when he wa» 
about twenty three ; andthough in the character of a sui- 
tor, and with a proper sense of the inferiority of his sta- 
tion, vet there is a consciousness of that equality of nature, 
which petitioners too often prostitute or forget. 

After an address to Mr. Shenstone, in which he encou- 
rages himself by considering the jjctcril kindncis of hi> 

Shall he, benevolent as wise, disdain 

The muse's suitor, though a b.candal'd swain ! 

Tlio' no auspicious rent-roll^grace my line, 

I boast the same original divine ; 

Tho' niggard fate wiihheia her sordid ore. 

Yet liberal Nature gaveher better store ; 

Wh'se influence early did my mind inspire 

To read her works, and praise the mighty sire. 

A copy of this poem and of another, addressed to the 
same gentlcmSn, were sent by Mr. Shenstont's direction, 
and with some manuscript prems of his own, to a friend 
in London ; thisfriend shewed ihem to sime of his ai- 
quaiiitance, & a sinall collection warmade for the author, 
which produced an ode on benevolence : by 'his ode he ap. 
Iiears to have profited bv Mr. Shenstrne's librarv ; tor he 
talks of Palladian skill, Sappho's art, Phidias' chis^el and 
the )>encil of Titian. But his force of thought, and skill 
in pofiticd expression, appear to greater advantage in a 
poem of fifty stanzas, each consisting of four verses, enti. 
^\eA Spring. This contanis a striking picture of the infc^ 
licitiesof his situation, and the keenness and delicacy of 

After regreting the vacant cheerfulness of his earlier life, 
before domestic cnnnerrions condemned him' to inte'^ant 
labor. and absorbed him in care ands'-licitude. he evliibiti 
the picture of the pain and pleasure that are mingled in hit 
conjugaland paternal character. 

But now domestic cares employ 

And busy every sense. 
Nor leave one hour of grief or joy, 

But's furnish'd out from thence. 

Save what my little babes afford. 

Whom I behold with glee. 
When smiling at my humble board. 

Or prattling on my knee. 

Not that my B.tphne^s charms are flown. 

These stil new jdeasures bring : 
'Tis these inspire content alone ; 

'Tis all I've left of Spring. 

There is semething extremely pathetic !n the last vers*; 
and the first of the next stanza where he men'ions his 
wife endeared to hiin by her sensibility and disttiss, \% jiiU 



For 1804. 

Tht dew-drop sparkling in her eye. 

The lily on her breast ; 
The rose-l)iids on her lips supply 

My rich, my sweet repast. 

He that can feci the following will need no 
to discover their beauty, and to him who cannot, 
tancc will be elTectual. 

I wish not, dear connubial state. 

To break thy silken bands : 
I only blame relentless faie. 

That every hourdemands. 

Nor mourn I much my task austcM, 
Which endless wants impose ; 

But. O ! it wounds my soul to hear. 
My Daphne'i melting woes ! 

For oft she sighs, and oft she weepi. 
And hangs herpensive head ; 

While bl"od her furrow'd finder steepJ, 
And stains the passing thread. 

When orient hills the sun beholds, 

Our labours are begun ; 
And when he streaks the wejtwUhgolJ, 

The task is still undone. 




The desire to sacr'ificr every personal gritification to 
the intcr<-!..s of your fricml. is one of the s'veetest emoti- 
,onsofthe human heart. When tl.i« dessirs arises from 
principle, it then becomes a virtue. 

When a n'.an is enJowed with this disposition, what 
"•^y must lie spread around liim ! how permanent must be 
his fii^jndslrp ! how numerous his friends ! how delight- 
ful must be the tem»)cr of his inind! fcr the pleasure he 
olTords wherever lie srpears, must c^^ivlnce him of the 
justness of his dealings, & of tlie probity cf his character. 

At the si^ht of a fellow ci-eature in distress, the bene- 
volence cf such a man evr,aiuls ; he rims to his r',-!ief, 
thanking heaven fur selecting him to be the minisrcr of 
])eace, to one plunged deep in misery. The esteem cf 
this friend to mankind, is of the n"c"st lastitig quality ; it 
is not (as is generally the case) to be swcr\'edjor shaken 
by the storms of adversity. He takes no thought for him- 
self, but will readily give up his hap])iness to assist, or 
contribute towards the welfare of his friend. 

The pkasiire which we taste in the society of those we 
esteem, would be rendered insipid, were each to think of 
rothing but his own advantage. Somepeojjies itiemories 
»re more retentive of the good and evil services they re- 
ceive than others. These 1 would noi seicci. : but were I 
to chuse a friend, he should be one, watchful to embrace 
and magnify every benetit he received, and willing to 
hury in oblivion the evil actions which were done him. 
Few there are of this dcscrijiiion ; and when one is found, 
he should be nurtured as the pattern of every virtue ; for 
the man who stric'.ly adheres to this principle, cannot po- 
sitively be guilty of great deviations from goodness. ,On 
the contr.tvy, he who is eager to create an evil v. herenone 
exists, cannot be constant to himself, nr friend, for any 
length of tiif.e i he will fabricate miseries, and then re- 
pine at them ; in short, hiswhole life must be si scries of 
AVrctchc'dness and disappointment. 

One of the chief endowments requisite to complete a 
friencj, isliberality. It is as i:tvpossible for ,-. person void 
of this virtue, to fonn a durable esteem, as it is for a mi- 
ser to be soliciious about doing a generous action. It is 
in the first place essential, to store his mind v.'ith a readi- 
ness to forgive an injury when committed ; and also to 
guard against the notion of having suU'ered one before it 
is meant. In the next place, it is particularly necessary 
to endue him wTih a proper inclination to sustain his 
friend (as far as is in his jjowcr) in the calamities which 
may naturally occur : then is the time to put a person's 
friendship to the test; for it is not boasting, or high- 
fiowing asseveialinns of constancy and zeal, which tend 
to substantiate a character : if a man wishes to set forth 
his virtue, he must contend, not with words, but deeds. 

How mortifying must it be to perceive those marked as- 
.siduities which you have employed, received with indif- 
ference ! How rending to a fond and feeling heart, to 
perceive the friend in whom you have confided, after a 
long absence, disavow your acquaintance, apparently 
from no cause ; to perceive the companion of your youth, 
slight, and treat you with contempt ; and all, perhaps, 
because fortune hath frowned upon you, sorrow hath wash- 
ed away your smiles, and adversity hath despoiled you of 
elegance and grandeur ! This I have often beheld with 
regret ; and throughout my whole life, I have known but 
women who have stsersd clear of this reck ; who have 

viewed the wrecks of calamity break away from under the 
staggering footsteps of their friends, aad been proud to 
catch them from the waves. 

When such characters as these occur, how bright they 
shine among the rubi>ish of those dull brings, who are a- 
shamed of doing good ; and whose constant labour is to 
spread destruction ! Impelled by envy, directed to the 
virtuous and prosperous, like harpies, they scafer conta- 
gion wherever they ^Oi sowing sedition in the breasts of 
th^ whose happiness they know themselves unable to 

If the idea of being beloved by all who k.iotv us. it a 
prize worth obtaining ; if the soothing conviction of be- 
ing at peace in our minds, is to be valued as a blessing ; 
how is it that men act so widely contrary to the manner 
in which they are to be won ? Every individuul has it 
in his power to act right-^and if he willingly stray from 
the right path, what can it be imputed to, but his own 
negligence and folly ? Surely, to forsake a friend, is nat 
only a breach of friendship, but it is an instance cf hypo- 
crisy. Is it not deceit, to e.xtort the secrtts of a person's 
heart, und'ir the guise of regard ( Is it not base dissimu- 
lation, to ingratiate yourself with a noble soul, whose g.i- 
nerobity led it to judge of others by itself ; then contemp- 
tuously to disov.-n hiin as a friend, and treat him with 
scorn, for having been so credulouss as ta confide in the 
truth of malt ] 

In what a dilferent liglit we behold the man T\'ho holds 
stedfast to his last breath, the opinion which he first es- 
poused — v/ho thinks himself miserable unless with his 
friend, whe.hcr in good-fortune or adversity ! Hov/ mu- 
tual is the esicjm of too such hearts ! with what delight 
they recogni/e the day which first formed their acquain- 
tance ! they bless ihcir Creator for the happiness they 
enj.iy ; and spend tlieir lives in a reciprocal interchange of 


Tlic.-e is something irrcsistably pleasing in the conversa- 
tion ofa fine woman ; even thougli her tongue be silent, 
the eloqusnce of her eyes teaciics wisdom. The mind 
symparliises with the regularity of ihe object in view, and 
struck with external grace, vibrates into respondent har- 
mony. In this agreeable disposition, I lately found my- 
self in company w ith a friend and his neice. Our con- 
versatl(-n turned upcu love, which she seemed equally ca- 
pable of defending and inspiring. We were each of dif- 
ferent opinions upon this subject; the lady insisted that it 
was a natural and universal passion, and produced the 
hapjjiness of those who cuUivatcii it with proper precauti- 
on. My friend denied it to be the work ofjia-.urc, b'l' al- 
lowed it to have a real existence, and alii ri r:ed that it was 
of infinite ssrvice in refining society ; while I, to keep up 
the dispute, aflii-mcd it to be merely a name, first usei by 
the part of the fair se.\, a:td admitted by the sil- 
ly p;'.it of ours, therefore no way more natural than taking 
snuft\ or chewing opium. 

" How is it possble," cried I, that such a passion can be 
natural, v\'hen our opinions even of beauty, which inspires 
it, are entirely the lesult of fashion and caj)rice \ The an- 
cients, who pretended to be connoiseurs in the art, have 
praised narrow foreheads, red hair and e\ e-brows that 
j.>i<^td each other over the nose. Such were the charms 
that once captivated Catullus, Ovid and Anacreon. La- 
dles would at present be out of humour, if their lovers 
praised them ftr such graces; and should an antique beau- 
ty now revive, her face would certainly be put under the 
discipline of the tweezer, forehead-cloih, and lead comb, 
before it could be seen in a public company." 

" But the difference between the ancients and moderns 
is not so Rreat as beiwcen the diFtrent ccuntries of the 
present world. A lover of Gongora, for instance, sighs 
for thick lips ; a Chinese lover is pcetical in praise of thin. 
In Circassia, a straight nose is thought most consistent 
with beaut) ; cross but a mountain which separates it from 
the Tartars, and there fiat noses, lawny skins, and eyes 
three inches asunder, are all the fashion. In some parts 
of the East, a woman of beauty, probably fed up for sale, 
often amounts toone hundred crowns ; in the kingdom of 
Loango, ladies of the very best fashion are sold for a pig; 
queens however, sell better, and sometimes amount to a 
cow. In short, turn over to England, don't I there see a 
beautiful part of the sc;. ncgicced ; and none now marry- 
ing, or making love, but old men and women that have 
saved money ? Don't 1 see beauty fromfifteen to twenty- 
one, rendered null and void, to all. intents and purposes, 
and those si.\ precious years of womanhood, put under 
the statue of virginity : What ! shall I call that rancid 
passion, love, which passes between an old batchelor of 
fifty six, and a widow lady cf forty nine ! Never ! never ! 
What advantage is society to reap from an intercourse, 
where the big belly is often on the man's side ! Would 
any persuade me that such a passion was natural, unless 
the human race were more fit for love, as they approach 
the decline, and like silk.worms.become breeders, just be- 
fore they exi)ired ?'* 

" Whether love b. natural or no," replied my friend 
gravely, " it contributes to the happiness of everr society 
in which it is introduced. All our pleasures are sliort and 
can only charm at intervals ; love is a method of protract- 
ing our .greatest pleasuro ; and surely that gamester, who 

plays the greatest stake to the best advantage, will at tho 
end of life, rise victorious. This was thecpinion ct Vani- 
rii, whoafilrmed. that " every hour was Irst which w a» 
not spent in love." His accusers were unable to compre- 
hend his meaning, and the poor advocate forh.vevashnr- 
ried into the Names, alas! no way metaphorical. Eut 
whatever advantages the individual may reap fr*un this 
Iiupsion, society will certainly be refined and improved Ijy 
i'.j introduction ; all law s calculated to discourage it, tend 
to embrnte the sjiecies, and weaken the state. T hongh it 
cannot plant morals in the human breast, it cultivates then* 
when there ; pity, generosity, and honour, receive a 
brighter polish, from its assistance ; and a single amour is 
suflicient i|Ji|l_ to brush off the clown. 

" But it is a't exotic of the most delicate constitution • 
it requires, the greatest art to introduce it into a state, and 
the smallest discouragement is suflicient to repress it a- 
gain. Let us only consider with what ease it was former- 
ly e.-;tingui5hed in Rome, and with what difikiilty it was 
lately revived in Europe : it seemed to sleep fcr ag-es, and 
at last fought its way among us. thixugh tilts, <ournament« 
dragons, and all the dreams of chivalry. The rest of the 
world are, and have ever been, utter strangers to its de- 
lights and advantages. In other ccuntries as men find 
themselves stronger than women, they lay a claim to ri- 
gortuis superiority ; this is natural, and love which gives 
up this natural advantage, certainly be the eflect of 
art. An art calculated to lengthe,n out our hajipier incmenta 
and add new graces to society." 

" I entirely acquiesce in yotir sentiments," says the l.t- 
dy, " with regard to the advantages of this passion, but 
cannot avoid giving it a nobler origin than h.avc been 
pleased 10 asi,ign. I must think, that those c.i.i.'rii. 
v/licre it is rejected, are obliged to have recourse to art '.o 
still.* so natural a projection, and those nations where i^is 
cul ivated, only make nearer advances to nature. The satre 
en'orts that are used in some places, to suppress pity and 
oLhcr natural passions, may have been employed to extin- 
guish love. No nation, however unpolished, ' is remarkD« 
b!e for innocence, has not been famous fcr j'assion : 
it has flenrishedin the coldest, as well as the wannest re- 
gio-is. Even in the sultry wiles of South America, the 
lover is not satisfied with possessing his mistresses per- 
son, without having hermi.nd. 

In all my Enna^s beauties blest. 

Amidst profusion still to pi:.e .- 
For tho^ she gives me up her breast. 

Its panting tenant is not mine. 

•• But the elects of love are too violent to be the result 

of an artful passion. Nor is it in the power of fashion, to 
force the Consiituiion into those changes, A<h ch v.e ever/ 
day obtcrve. Several have died of it, few loveisait unac- 
quainted with-tlie fate of the Italian lovers, De Corsin anil 
JuliaBellamo, who, after a long separation, expired with 
pleasure, in each other's arms. Such instances are too 
strong confirmations of the reality of passion, and serve to 
shew that sujipressing it, is but opposing the natural dic- 
tates of the heart.'* 


(^Frovi Gisi'o 

•' £,tquiry into the Duties of the Fti 
Sex." ■ 

Letters which pass between men, commonly relate, in 
a greater or a lessdegree, to actual business. Evenycung 
men, on whom the cares of lift.- are not yet devolved in 
tlicirfull v/eight, will frequently be led to enlarge to their 
ab.'seiit hieiidson topics not only of an interesting nature, 
but also of a serious cast. On the suuiics which the are 
respectively pursuing; on the advaotages.and disadva.. a- 
ges of the profession to which the one or the other is ues- 
lined ; on ihe circumstances which appear likely to for- 
ward or to impede the success of each in the world. Tiie 
seriousness of the subject, therefore, has a tendency which, 
I atlmil, IS not always successful, to guard the wiierfrom 

unatlected and artificial style. Young women, whose 

minds are comparatively unoccupied by such concerns, 
arc sometimes found to want, in their correspondence, a 
counterpoise, to the desire of shining, yet to the quickness 
oi imagination, and occasionally, to the quickness of ftel- 
ing, natural to their se.\. Hence they are exposed to pe- 
culiar danger, a danger aggravated by the nature of some 
of the fashionable topics which will proceed from engross- 
ing conversation to employ the pen, of learning to clothe 
their thoughts in studied phrases ; and evenofksing sim- 
plicity both of thought and exj.rission in florid, refined, & 
sentimental parade. Frequently, too, the desire of shin- 
ing intermingles itself, and involves them in additional 
teniptations. They are to be distinguished for 
writing, as the phrase is, good letters. Not that a lady- 
ought not to write a good letter. Hut a lady, who makes 
it her study to write a good letter, commonly produces a 
composition to which a very different epithet ought to be 
applied. Those letters only are good, which contain the 
natural effusions of the heart, expressed in una.Tectcd lan- 
guage. Tinsel and glitter, and laboured phrases dismisi 
the friend and introduce the authoress. From the use of 
strained and hyperbolical language, it is but a step to ad- 
vance to that which is insincere. But though that step be 
not taken, all that is pleasing in letter-writing, is already 
lost. And a far heavier loss is to be dreaded the loss of 
siipplicity ofm|iu>crt aiulcliarac'.cr in other points. For 



when a woman is habitually betrayed into an artiKcial 
mode of jiroceciling by vanity, by the desire of pleasing, 
by erroneous judgment, or by any other cause ; can it be 
improbable that the sanne cause should extend its itiHtience 
toother parts of her conduct, and be productive of similar 
effects.! In justice to the female sex, however, it cuglu 
to4)C added, that when women of improved unders'ana- 
ings write with simplicity, and employ their pens in a 
more rational way than retailing the shapes of hcad-dres- 
fcs and gowns, and encouragitig each other in vanity, their 
letters are in sofiie respects particularly pleasing. Being 
unincumbered with grave disquisitions, they possess a pe- 
culiar ease ; and shew with singular citetess the dtliiate 
features and shades, which di:,iinguls1^pe ji;ind of the 

The ynung Irish Pmcius represented the manly Rolln at 
Birminghain, in which character, .sa)'s the Birmingham 
critic, he Justly disjilayed all the point and talent of a dis- 
tinguished actor, and received, asbefore, the rapturous ap- 
plauses of a delighted audience. 

Onihell;h June, A. D. 18Cfi,there will be an eclipse 
of the Sun, which, as it appear at and near Boston, will be 
the rjNost extraordinary of any that ever has, or perhaps e- 
uerwill for a century, be seen here. Tlie sun will be to- 
tally obscured for about two s^nd an half minutes ; the air 
will have a nightly chill and datlipncss, and probably the 
Stars will be seen, although it will be near the middle of 
the day. 

Whole duration of the eclipse, 2 h. 48 m. 

\_JBMton n'etkly Magazine. 

We are informed that a gentleman of this county has 
invented afire place, on an improved construction. It com- 
bines all the advantages of a coinnion lire place and a close 
stove, and may be erected at little expcncc. It saves fuel 
and secures from the ordinary accidents attendant on fire 
places. No trouble is required inicindling a fire in it, and 
the heat may be encreased or diminished at pleasure. 

thanjfti;,. Crten cr i?/tc wtuld, , my humble opinion, 
be far prcfeiable: and the cxpenst cfdving them 
would not 1 am suic, cost any sum ; lor that mat'- 
ler, Iwcttld scorer j.ay that imichcut i.f my cwn pocket, 
tl-aii be C( n'ptlled to ;rc so many angelic faces cniirelv 
spoiled by such frightful locking heads. 

lam much pleased, I a:su« jcu, Mis« Tabithi, with 
the tare qualifications, which yru say, you are possessed 
of. Neilherhavc I any reasonable cause to be tTl![iUabed 
with the state cf ytur finances j but I could have wished 
that your forti;ne had been en interest onl) 12 instead cl 
32 ycarsi fcr then you wci.!d have beenicn jears younger, 
and my old heart is delighted w iih the idea of » young 
wife, who will cherish, nutse and ccmfcrt nie in my eld 
age. Ah! Did yout^ynen possess the mortifying expe- 
ence of old EatchtlA htw soon would they ccnipkat 


■ 'i abitha 

their happiness by a<;^giiiifr viriucut wives ! 

The conclusion crf^k-pdite letter, my de 
formed my detcrnitflRl on this question, s 
to our future destiny, tlift riu;i»n ly, my di 
there is simething in the sound tf j our name exceeding) . 
harsh and ihmpt and bcirg a pericn of weak ncives, tlii'i. 
ciicums'arce has igitaleu me to a considerable degree. 1 
have heard some poor hcn-j.ecked husbands say, that ■• s 
ill-nainretj wile wr^ a Kw/i in her liutLand's side." No 
you know.-niy dear Miss, that theafrinity between a Bruii 
blc and it Thwit)h very close ; and it is my f.;rvent hop 
my side ma/ ntver be tormented by cither ( 


[^Hudson Balance. 

York, England, the 
■" of Col. Thorn- 

An e.ttraordinary race was 
22d August, between Mrs. Th 

ton, and Mr. Flint. Upwards of 100,000 spectatn 
said to have been present, and the bets amounted to 
200,0001. The distance was 4 miles. During the first 
three miles. Mrs. T. took the l«-\d ; but Mr. F. gained on 
hor'in the last mile, and findly beat by about two distan- 
ces. The course was run in 9 minutes and 59 seconds. 



I CANNOT sufficiently expre'is imy obligations 
for the honor you have done me, by adtlressing me pub- 
licly on a subject, which, I presume, materially concerns 
us both i — that is, to get married as soon as jpssible. You 
will excuse the liberty which I shall .take, in answering 
candidly, each paragraph of your polite aiid obliging let- 

In the first place, you inform me, that the letter which 
I had the honor of addressing a short time past, to the fra- 
ternity of Batchelors, convinced you of the propriety of e^iter- 
ing into the married state. — 'Tis a breach of good-manners 
and sign of ill-breeding, to contradict a lady — I would not 
for the world, be guilty of such rudeness. But let me tell 
jou. Miss Tabilha, that I have not the vanity to belicTe 
that my old-fashioned letter could have produced such a 
change in your opinion ; I cannot believe that you had not 
before then, had some very serious thoughts on matrimo- 
ny ; and that you had finally detei-mined, long before you 
heard of Samuel Kijnho'iv, to lose no suitable oi^portuiiity 
of exchanging ) our solitary single life, for the cheering 
comforts of hymei\iil felicity. — No lady, I will venture to 
say, ever passed the critical period of 25, without having 
previously had soiinc little notion of matrimony. 

With great propriety. Miss Tabitha, do you call a /ted 
Wig, the" most odious of all fashionable deformities ;•'— 
in this point we agree precisely :— But I am surprised that 
}0u should at the same time advise mc, not to let my a- 
version to this ridiculous fashion, outweigh my resolution 
of " enlisting myself among the number of Hymen's vo- 
taries ;" had 1 received such advice from a gentleman I 
fhould lose my temper : What, Madam ! Would you en- 
deavour to persuade me, contrary to my positive determi- 
nation, to court a lady with a Hed Wig, ^ Blue Wig or a 
Black Wig ? I have an unconquerable aversion to Wi»s 
cf ill colours, tho' a Red Wig is my peculiar antipathy ; 
the s-.ght of one has an effect upon my spirits similar to 
that 01 water to a person afflicted with the hydrojihobia. 
I would not consent to marry the daughter of the Grand 
Seignor.or the sister of George III. w-ere I informed that 
they wore Xed Wigs. If the ladies will wear Wigs, in the 
name of tense, let them choose some colour more suitable |l 

Since I gave out notice of my intention to get married, 
near half a score of spry young ladies have passed by ant! 

imiled at Die as I kept watch for them in my door i this 

I think no unfavourable omen of success in my future 

Though I cannot myself, Miss Tabithi, accept of the 
valuable favour which you hive so kindly proffered me : 
you may rest assured that, with your permission, I wiii 
interest myself in your behalf, with the whole fraternity ,-f 
Batchelors. With my best wishes for your speedy marri- 
»ge, • 

I am, and shall ever be, 

Dear miss, your devoted servant, 


N. B. Just as I finished this letter, a single l.dy v 
never wore a Wig has invited me to dine with Iter.' 


cians and Enchanters, whar would the Hero rf the 
present day deterve, whorhruldde viseafilan to rescue our 
untutored minds from the shackles of ignoiancc v, i" 
Bhculd open to our undersiar.dii.g the enchantments of 
science the ifiagic delights of f elite and reined li,„a. 
ture W ho should shew to a virtut us young won an how- 
she may be usefully and pleasanily cniplcvcdin storir.Kher 

"-•-' — ledge, which, w hen she beccmcs a wife 

both those cha. 

ith kr 
and mother, will enable her to perfo 

ters w ith ] 
ccnipanion iur 
her children Iti 
and contented 
— as thtie she 1 
always find am 
her to lay at le: 
'f<.r her children. Sac 
the precejits of a motli 

priety ( Which will 1,-al.c hrran eliyible 
man of sense and delic!ic>— will make 
; ai drevfrenc<— w-n make herhtppy 
in herself ; plcaFed . and happy at home 
lay, frtm the treasures cf her own mind 
sement and variety ;— Which wili enable 
■ the groui.d-work of apr^per education 
' ■- a daughter of sensibility are 
- hough at the time thev are 

..^..vered to her, she may be loo volaiilv a^id ^iddy to pay 
the requisite attention to them, yet, will ihev make an im- 
pression not easy to be erased, and when site has 
ters of her own, will be recollected with £Tatitu(je ; 


[^befilhrrctttg vaiuaMe letter 1. 
Mail. The hamt-wi-itir.g / n 
fetnale peii.J 

eceived l>y the last N:,yfol,, 
n to be the production tf a 


AS a subscriber to vour Minerva, I have re 
ceived several of the Numbers, and cannot resist the in. 
clination I feel to assure you of the approbation of one of 
the elder part of that se.<, to whose bsaefit your labours 
seein to be chiefly directed. 

Your extracts on female education, I read with peculiar 
satisfaction ; animated with a hope that by means of your 
paper, the necessity of cultivating and enlarging the fe- 
male mind, by a more liberal and extensive education 
than is usually bestowed on us, may be shewn to the good 
fathers and mothers of daughters, who are yet younp- 
eno.ugh to profit by oppor'unities of improvement. For 
surely it is a circumstance to be deplored, that our educa- 
tion has hitherto been so little attendecT to i while the im- 
portance of it, as it concerns posterity, is sojtistly acknow- 

Thiis, could the education cf a female hf. carried on un. 
dcr the eye cf a capable mother. hoAv great »..uli b- the 
advantage to both ! For to the an>:ious maternal bet-,, 
here is a severity in the pariivg pang, when about to Tel 
sign a daughter to the care and tuition of sirsnirers at » 
distance, that almost makes her choose 

* Tie " f.oKcr should hlvah unseen," 

Nurtured only by the fostering hand if nature, rather than 
It should unfold and expand, in all the iu.-.uriancc of cul- 
tivation, sullied and contaminated l)v the litlle'&iilts ai'd 
follies, which only the friend '.enderly interest^ in her 
weltai'e, will beat the pains ta correct. • 

What then shall be done for the man,wh,-im th- ladiej 
will delight to hononr— who will awaken in the bosoms M 
fathers of families, that in;cre-.t in the improvement of 

daughters, which tic subject suit ly requires ? 

'ill not array him in gorgecui 'apparel nor 
Mm on the King's own horse, hke Moril.ica the Jew : 
we will weave for his brow a wrea li of gi-ati'ude : 
at present it may be conipised, only of the wiM 
, ti.e woodvi.-let, and other spontaneous flowers of the 
:, to him theoSering will not be the less sweet; anl 
le blossoms of genius, w hich thrt.ugh his menn.< tnay 
ight to bud— to blow— in all the richness of foli;ig» 


d beauty of clour — fe: 

tion, and all the prnd-.ic:ions of the 
11 ill time form a garland fcr the ft it 

■.:t^lr., ihi 

the 1 


Is it not presumable, that while among our countrvmcn 
has been found so large a prnprrtion of talent ;— while the 
herb, the philosopher, the statesman — the man of science 
and erudition has shone so emininently conspicuous, and 
reflected such hononr on our western world — tiiat on our 
countrywomen, some emanations of the intellectual ray 

may have shone >. Surely the trial is worth making ; 

surely the gem of native genius, wherever found, should 
have the polish of a master's hand. 
V/hile we admire the -works of a Radcliffe, a De Genlis. 
or a Seward, we feel equally unwilling, with the elegant 
writer of Rainbow No. 3,' to acknowledge the superiori- 
ty of the old over the new world, and will not resign to 
them the palm, till we have mad; at least one struggle 
for it. 

Though I feel the defects of the present system of edu- 
cating young ladies, I am too sensible of my own inahilitv 
to point out a more eligible plan. But I have no doubt 
that through the channel of your paper, it might be done 
to our advantage. For lo ! fijr us has arisen a Champion ; 
an asserter of our rights, (in the author of Rainbow No 
9,t) to whom I think weniay safely trust our cause ; and 
while we admire the elegance of his essay, we feel all 
the gratitude his zeal in our favor merits. 

If in the days of Chivalry, Knights of old gained re- 
nown by rescuing distressed damsels from the power of 

• On American feniui. f On the coridilion ofitomcn. 

v-iired ,9;arden 
the fair. 

If you tiiinlc this letter worthy a pi 
you will phase insert it ; if not, the 
uiortilication in its being suppressed. 

NonroLK, Octoht 

in your Minerva, 
i-cr will feel no 

The Editors hope that^e communication of their fair 
Correspondeii., w ill exciie the atteniicp'ft-hich it me.'its. 

^<t ttfA'Wjia-iimiin -.jitf>iaian>itit,aA *^A^'jt^mMiimia)ihw4i- .AiikiAiw.'tt 



Papers received by the Mary from L:vei-pool, arrived at 

Ne v-York state, that rejiorts were in circulation at Paris, 

of a triple alliance, offensive and defensive. be^^Mli the 

emperors of Austriaand France, and tl:e'tffPrusr.ia. 

Timewill shew whether there is any trurh in thg'n 

Those papers contain a great variety of iirtj.ottant infor- 
mation, but tiie article which may be consid'.-rea as parti- 
cularly interesting at this momentous crisis, when the 
Slate of Europe, and with it thp condition of civilized so-- 
ciety, trembles in the balance, relates to the ceruiii'lty of 
an immediate rupture between" Russia ard France: — ?.I. 
D'Oubril, the Russian charge d'.t.1a':rcs,-ha« ouitted Pa- 
ris. General Moreau and his continues at C-. 

diz, but will embark for the U. Slates as soon at Ma- 
dame Moreau's situation will permit. 


The Vice President of the United Safes left thit city, 
on Friday morning last, on his way to the Fcdeial ci-.y. 

Commod'Te Barron, says the National Intell-gen- 

cer, arrived at Gibral art n the 12:h August On his 
arrival he found several ditpatclics from Mr. Siin]isoii our 
consul at Morocco, all stating in strong terms, the hostile 
disposition of the emperor of Morocco against our com- 
merce, and the preparations making by !;im to send out 
three fiigates and two galleys ujion a cruise. Mr. Sim[>- 
son urging the indispensable ijfcessity of le.»ving two fri- 
gates upon that station, the coipmodore accordingly left 
the Conrress, Capt. Rogers, and the Essirt, Capt. Barron. 
\Ve learn by Capt. ^oardalanfrom Giia'i.iloui-e, ar- 
rived at Newburyporf, thatr';iorls were in circulation at 
the Poinvthat the American prisoners taken from the 
New-York ship and brig, together with the crew of the 
Snake-in-the-Grass, of Salein, had been liberated »nd 
were abovt returning home. 




j£ SELECTED POETmr. ft" 


prtor Polly was mad, and she sighed all aloni^ 
Her bed the damp turf, and her pillow a stone, 
A poor tatterM blanket envelope her form. 
But her bosom was bar'd to the pitiless storm : 

For alas ! in that breast reign'd love's ardent desire. 

And she thought the bleak winds misl^tj)erUaps cool the fire 

Kcr hair was dishevell'd, and straw bound her head ; 

And lovely her face, though Its roses were Hed i 

Her notes, though'd by musical art. 

If ere plaintively wild, and sunk deep in th» heart ; 
And the Strain that unceasingly fiow'd from her breast,^ 
V/as" the vulture has plundered the nightnigale*5 nest. 

Qiiite frantic T saw her, and pitied her fate : 
I wept, and my bosom was swelling with hate— 
My curse, perfidious dcspoiler ! were thine ; 
My sorrow was oft'er*d at s)mpathy'* shrise ; 

For remorseless thou flcd'st h«r,and scord at hcrpain ; 

Thou alone art the vulture that preys't on her bq(in. 


Young Cei.ia was fair, and her ripening clutrms, 
AH the swains in the village contest ; 

The joy of her mother was mixt with alaniis. 
And' her fears she thus gently represt i 

s» This Setmtive Plant, my dearCsLiA, look here 
How it modestly shrinks from the touch ; 
lis foliage recedes if your hand but draws near — 
*' The reserve o£ a maid should be such." 

What Nature has taught to this delicate flowV 
I^et a inother^s fond counsels iminirt ; 

When the shepherds approach my dear CeIi»'sbow*r, 
Let my shepherdess look to her luart. 

The breath of a lover is full of deceit. 

And oft blights the fair blossoms of yomh : 

Tho* ardent his vows and bis flattery sweet. 
You will i-arcly iiiid merit or truth. 

But chiefly avoid the licentious hand. 
That would boldly your beauties invade, 

Th* intruder repel, or you'll soon understand 
All the griefs of a niaideu betray 'd. 

Advis*dby her mother, fair Celia resoIvM, 
JLiiea Sensitive Plant she would prove : 

Alas \ all her firm resolutions dissolv'd 

Whenyoimg Damon approach'd inthe grove. 

He presented arosp-bud, whose openingbloom 

Might the bosom of beauty ad()rii ; 
And which, as it blush'd, sf altered fragrant perfume, 

Adding sweets to the breath of the morn. 

He bid her observe, when contracted its leaves. 

Its full beauties it cannot disclose ; 
Bui when it the breaih of young zephyr receives. 

Soon the rose-bud expands to a rose. 

O, thou fairest of flow*rs, dear Cem a, he cries, 
YoOr chaste beauties are still in the bud ; 

The hand of a lover, his lips and his eyes. 
Of young beauty and love arc the food. 

Then grant me, thou heavenly maid, a iweetkiss^. 

And dismiss cnldrescrve and alarms ; 
May this be the prelude to rapture and bliss, 

When my shepherdess yields me her charms. 

Fair Celia approved of the moral she heard. 
And the truths which the flowers disclose ; 

Her judgment approvd, she no longer prefcrr*d 
TffC coy Sensitive Plant to r*c Rose. 

Her mother, in vain, her kind lessons renew»» 

In vain, every argument tries ; 
Fair Celia no longer hercounsels pursues, 

But, determinM and firm thus replies : 

J)ear mother, at length, 1 must tell you my mind, 

*Tis my fix'dresolution to prove 
A Sensitiw Plant to ihe rest of mankind. 

But a Rote CO the Sheoherd 1 love 1 


When Nature own'd th' Almighty's h%n^. 
When planets roUMat his command, 
And senseless clay in man was warm*d, 
Tbe Uftt gr«'4t work, thcu unperfurm'd. 

For this, the donnant Adam'sside, 
Unconsciously,^ rib supplied: 
Awake — his bosom rapture swell'd, 
For lo ! within his arms lit held 

To sooth his woes, his cares to share, 
And ihns his pristine loss repair ; ■ 
'Twas surel/ Heaven's kind design. 
That man unto hisside should join 

s tear, a woman, s sigh. 
The magic of a woman's eye, 
Her mild and gentle accent prove, 
The joys allied to weded lov^ 

^ And woman. 

To weave the silken cobwd^aare, 

With s^ren song allure th^^, 
With charms resistless rule the heart. 
Of H}ppy lover, is the art 

Of T.'oman. 

When vex*d with busy toils of day. 
To ease, the tir'd man gives way ; 
With converse sweet the hours berjuiles, 
Repels dull cares with placid smiles 

Of woman. 

What tempts to plowthe stormy main, 
Or roam to disvant climes for gain \ 
What prompts the willing hand to toil, 
But Beauty's weakness, Beauty's smile — 

But woman \ 

When journeying on v.-ith weary pace, 

To meet again the fond embrace, 

What cheers tliey wa) -worn trav'ler's gloom, 

But thoughts of long regretted home. 

And woman i 

When pensive grief bends oe'r the grave. 
To weep the friend it couKl not save ; 
And :=ilcnt sheds, on friendship's bier. 
The tribute of a falling tear, 

'Tis woman's. 

And when aPRictinn's mournful tale. 
Or sorrow's notes her ear assail ; 
O ! then escapes tlie rising sigh, 
A glist'ning tear bedews the eye 


IN yon inots-cover'd cot, that's with ivy o'ersprcad. 

The poor village cottager dwells ; 
There freely distributes his honest earn'd bread. 

As the plain rustic *tory he tells. 

While his children sit smiling around him so gay. 

Or climb up his knee for a kiss, 
For the bread they receive filial du^y they pay, 

And make it the cottage of bliss. 

In the flower-woven bow'r by the side of the cot, 

Return'd from the toils of the day, 
'Midst his fam'ly he sits, his fatigues arc forgot y 

They smile all his sorrows away. 

'Tis a lov'd virtuous wife that adorns his neat cot ; 

Her looks are good-humour'd and gay ; 
Thus bless'd with a partner, content with his lot, 

He smiles in the eve of his day. 


\Tbe follnviing subsequent talc is no *' Hyision wove in Fancy^s 
looml'^ it is a simple narrative of 7natter of fact, and the 
horrible tvilef uncurbed passion raa^htre be seen faithfully 
refected^ as in a mirror. 

Nat. ^gis. 
Marriage is sure a matter of more worth 
Than to be subject for attorney-ship — 
For what is wedlock forced, but a hell. 
An age of discord and continual strife ! 
Whereas the contrary bringeth forth bliss. 
And is a pa,tternof celestial peace. 


In W , a small village in Saxony, there lived a 

poor, but honest and upright curate, who, for many years, 
had enjoyed, without alloy, the tranquil pleasures of do- 
mestic happiness. He had a wife and only daughter. 
Content in the sphere in which they were placed, and un- 
acquainted with the turbulent passions of the fashionable 
world, their days flowed quietly on, in an uniform course 
of undisturbed felicity. The mother and the daughter 
took a joint care of all domestic concerns, and strove, bv 
every considerate act of attention and love, to diminish 
the burden, which the duties of the good old man imposed 
outUm. U vrioc (thi6 was ih^ui^aL^ftf hiiaditu^UterJ vi'a^ 

in the srrlctcit sense of the words, the child after his own 
heart. He was unhappy if she was absent, even for a 
few hours, and she was, therefore, his constant attendant. 
She was about eighteen years old, but had not yet experi- 
enced the inquietudes of that passion, which oftenexhib'ts 
itselt in very early life in ihe great world, and her 
ples and mode of thinking, were too noble and good, to 
inspire her parents with even the slightest appreheujion* 
as to the wanderings of her heart. But hear her history. 
It is the custom in that country, for the cavalry to be 
quartered, during the time of peace, in different villages, 
where it is maintained at the expence of the peasantry. 
Many of thesej|idiers are riotous young men, who, by 
virtue of thciij^Hiession and uniform, have an entrance 
into the house^of all the peasantry, and even of the cu- 
rates. One of them, a handsome but giddy young man, 
was quateredat W , where he soon made the acquain- 
tance of the good old parson. 

The young sold-er had more culture of mind than is 
commonly met with in such tu class of men. He pleased 
the curate ; vhey met frequently, andoficn sat up till past 
midnight, entertaining themselves with the histories of 
battles and warlike achievmenis, of which each of thum 
knew an abundance of aiiecdoies. 

Han-iot found great entertainment in the company of 
the warrior, and Ukc Othello's mistress, the stcr> ,of hia 
life.tlie battles, sieves, forumes that he had passed, the 
hair-breadth 'scaiies, the moving accidents by flood and 
field, o'ercame herheurt. ^ove had taken possession of 
her bosom, before she was aware of its approach. Th» 
progress of this passion, when once adnVit.ed into the hu- 
man brea-it, is certain as fate. She blush:;d when he took 
her by the hand, and was unhappywhen ite left her. The 
soldier coutd not resist the beautiful girl — his lieurt was 
formed fovlove ! they theref.'Te suon cavne to a.i explana- 
tion, bui carefully concealed their mutual atiachmem from 
her parents ; for they were justly afraid, thai prudent mo- 
tives V'/ould cause them to opp'.se it. They bound them- 
selves tc each other, however by an oath, wliich, at the 
same time that it shewed the jtreugih of their aUection, 
e.vhibit;:d the most romantic turn of mind. They promis- 
ed to marry each other as soon as he should attain cU» 
rank ofa serjcant-maj. r, and agreed ?iui the oue should de- 
stroy the other, vibo fir-dt faHe.l in the enguge))ient. 

Thus matters stood, when, contrary to Jhc hopes of the 
lovers, a lawyer.froma neighb .tiring town, appiieJ to the 
lather of H;*i-riot for of ui-. daughter. He was 
well received, and his views pronuied b_> the old people ; 
but wlien his intention was declared to cfie unfortunate 
girl, she fell in the arms of her father as if struck with 
ligh.uiiig, and upon her recovery, she wept bitterly, and in- 
trcatej him not to cncoura^^e the address of this new 

Her parents being ignorant of the true cause of her aver- 
sion, thought that time alone woukl overcome it, and they 
therefore gxve their s^leiun promise to the lawver, and, 
resolved to use their auihority in forwarding his \yishe3. 
Harriot, however, resisted every argument, and remained 
true to her prnvi^e : bu: her parents, at last, growing 
tired of her opj^osition, detcrmnied to force heri.ito com- 
pUi;n^e. Theaii^uments that were made use of are need- 
less to mention, and they were attended with success. 
The )oung soldier .soon received the intelligence, and from 
that moment, desisted from visiting' the parsonage. His 
resuluiion was taken — for withou. her hecoiild notlive. 

A short tteic before the marriage Jay, a dance was given 

'" W ,* honour of ■ he pair. To this he resorted, an- 

iitileany longer to resist the desire of seeing his once belov- 
ed. He concealed himself among the spectators, un il he 
saw her dance ; this roused him to a sta.e of fury ; he ran 
home, and took a pair of pistols, which were loaded, and 
waited until the party brr.keup. Ic was adark nign;, but 
he discerned nHe unhappy bride and bridegroom, walking 
hand in hand. He slept tip to her, and, in a low v Jice, re- 
qtiestedthat she would indulge hini widi a moment's con- 
versation. She disengaged her arm from that of the law- 
yer, intreated him to walk on, assuring him she \v:nild 
iiinuediately return ; but aUs! it was the last moment of 
her existence ! a pi;>t d shot was heard, and w .en h^r 
friends reached the place, she w2,s seen lyiu'^ wAi Ting in 
her blood at the feet of her murderer. ' " NoU- an '.hou 
mine again !" cried the soldier, " our oaths are fjlrilled!" 
and with thesewords he dioappeared, favoured by the ob- 
scurity of the night : but he did not fly :o esc.ipe. Hz de- 
livered himself to the ofliccrs of justice, who were nearese 
the pi ace, and desired tO' be instantly executed i which e« 
vent soon followed. 

A lady in the course of conversation, happening to sar 
v«ru«^o;i, was reminded by Pad ly O'Bramb's, that t!ie variation. The lady observed, that it was all the 
same thing, and seemed a little offended, until Paddy said, 
«• Oh ! Madam, Heaven forbid there should be any differ- 
ence between U and I." 




RICHMOND:— 7't/£, NOVEMBER 13, 18C1. 

[Number 10.] 


1st—" The MtNERVA." will be iieitly printed, 
weekl.v, on a half-sheet Suptr-Uojal paiier- 

2d.— The terms are two dollars per annum to 
be paid in axlvanre. 

3d.— A handsome titte-page table of contents 
will hr fumislied (ii'ati:,) at the completion of each 
volainc. ^^^^^^__ ^ 

ig' m wi iwt i M iuilwuwi'^.iWHiiiu'iJ ^|'iw^wWCTn^>.^^^ .» 



Fine writing is but an easy picture of nature, « it arises 
to view u'.nn thei:fiagination. It is the expression of cur 
firs', flinu^li's, or a; least of what ought to be so : and 
we are suirimsed in the most celebrated writings, to find 
thai thn arc whnlly familiar to us, and seem to be ex- 
act.- what we ouisilvcs think and would say; and bad 
writers seem to have been under Bome restrain', that put 
thtiTi out of the parh that lav directly before them. Wonld 
jou not then think, that fine writing should be very com- 
i.ion ! But I must pray you to recollect, that elegance, 
though i: cMisists chieiiy in propriety and ease, yet i; is at- 
t.-in;cd by very few. . I have already inlima'ed ilie reason ; 
tru" taste and' sentiment lie deep in the mind, often incor- 
porated with prejudices ; and it requires vast judgment to 
brii^g the beauteous ore to light, and to refine it. I should 
nm t>e litipanial and candid, if 1 did not own to you, that 
learning, in much tlie greater part of mankind, distorts the 
genius as much as laced slays do the body ; oppresses the 
natural seeds of prcpriety and beauty in the iniai^ination j 
and renders men ever incapabl e of writing or even think- 
in" well. When you e,\cept a few men of distinguished 
laJcius, ladies both write and speak n'.ore agreeably than 
scholars. If you ask me the reason of this, 1 must in 
f jrm vou, that the easy and natural excursions of the im- 
»■ i ir: sclaom checked in lidles ; wh'de the ensla- 
ved pii;(ils of colleges and schools in tender youth, are for- 
ced intn auKward imiianons, ordreary ungra'efttl traces, 
i^liere genius (;r beauty were never seen. 1 he uianner ot 
the aiici=nt sclinols was to leaon by such familiar co.iversa- 
ti ns a.iyou have at times engaged in j by wiiich means, 
insitad of a nauseous draught of learning upon you.h, theit 
f,-euius was charmed fonh by cuciosity and emulation ; 
t'ne'.atrut powers of h: mind were gently unb- uod ; and 
the gejieri-'US ardor anui'leasilre that ori^iuall) »hrough 
tiie.r enriij)rie.s, gave a warmth, a genuine turn aod na'u- 
ril beauty to their ideas. Can there be a stronger jjroof 
tiia learning has takcna strong b as, than that the present 
c.iiimon sense of manl.iild has judged learning in con- 
vcrsa'ion to be pedantic and ill-breeding '. Whereas the 
»oul has a thirst for knowledge, which no mode can take 
awav ; and it is no more in the power of fashion to eridi- 
c«le the charms and desires of curiosity, tlian the sense of 
Uauty. There is atruih which 1 would strongly i ctdcate, 
a. id which is intima'ed tl-.roughout this lit:le discourse ; it mtist people have more light, judgment, and jje- 
liius latent within their breas's by far than they are able 
to draw forth or employ ; that the utmost skill and ad- 
tiress is re<iuisi:€ to tune those five strings of the soul, if I 
nay call them so, and bring into e.xecjidon the harmony 
tncy are capaUe of; and that the perfection of those 
J>o\>tr», whatever they be, is the highest degrt:e of im- 
provement to which any person's genius can attain. 

Letxrs r.f business, of compliment, and friendship, 
f-.r.n c'-i'-erally t!ic c .mpass of a lady's wruing ; for which 
j,erl-.ajiK, the best rule that can be given it to neglect 
all rul'rs. '1 he same unalVccted grace and propriety which 
anima.e vour actioits and conversation, cannot fail to 
tliar:)i universally upon paper i when your style has taken 
the familiar turn and easy spirit of jour words, and re- 
jected theairof prcm:dita^ion which steals in upon srudy, 
then will it be agreeable beyond imagination ; turns of 
vit and cmpliment, that without being sought for, 
are very pleasing in th.s familiar composition that aj)- 
prouchcs so near to discourse ; but they ought to be such 
as mightpass wiih gi-ace in cor.versition. 

Shall we atempt todisiinguiih 'he most remarkable ex- 
cellencies of the writings of the great men who have pas- 
rrd through life tis, and form clear ideas of those 
leauties that must charm mankind to the end of the 
w.'rid ! Wri'lng is but the conversa'ion of absentpeople; 
l-.-t usconfjderitin this familiar light ; we have little to 
r.j v.-ith criticism, which is a perfect art ; we are only tra- 
vellers in a tour of pleasure, who are taking a cursory 
vi=wofti« most distinguished beauties of wTiting ; we 
ji. ay walk with great pleiiiue in a Howergarden, and 
tUerr the eye with the ga,- tinis of roses and lillies, With- 
out the minute knowledge of a botani&t or floriit. 

Whers, as 1 cbi 
the beauties of writing are no o 
would charm us in an agreeabl 
the soul is thoughtful and it 
reading seems to be in a 
on and refiection. It ha 

m the qualities that 
cl, at an hourwhen 
; ; for the mind in 
e sttiit, between convcrsati- 
he levity of conversation; 
its attention to the weight fif thought is not diverted by 
gesticuliiion ; nor yet is it in so high a tone as in pensive 

n absolute condition, previous to any 
that- the [jerschs you converse with 
itotruih. to honesty, and decency : 
in is absolutely necessary i.i writings 
ceeding ages. It is true, that some 
I moderns have had the presumpt" 

Vou require it as 

kind of familiarity 

have a strict atlenii 

and the same attent 

?stincd to please t 

riters amongst t' 

1 1 draw their pens in detiance of truth and rleccncy, and 
ive taken characters, as writers, wliich they themselves 
ruld desjiiseinan acquaint-ince. Deists, while they have 
ipressed the highest veneration and respect for rcvelati- 
1, have taken infinite pains to undermine and expose it 
by oblique and covert means. Nothing but the caprice of 
mode, and an unaccountable blindness that attends a pre- 
sent mode, could hinder (hein from observing the unwor- 
thiness of their conduct, and the baseness of nlind they be- 
tray ; or make them imagine that fair.e will attend on 
prevarication, and a sly deceit in writing, which is abjrc; 
and infamous in life, and wiil forever be the mark of a 
contemptible chavacer. In thii track of vie duplicity 
and prf.stituiion of heart have trod Hobbes, Shaftesbury, 
Bolingbroke, and some ajnhots, French and English, nw 
alive, who being still in the lists, and capable of seeki.ij; 
fame by generous and liberal methods, I shall not name. 
The sirange manner and the artifice of these wrl'eri a 
first surprise; but the»hear'., that r.atundl; detest: 
dishonesty, refuses them fame ; and in half an ag« the 
arc considered only as the patrons of licentiousness ; ant; 
to make their infamy remirkallile, they are only remem- 
bered and honoured by the vicious. 

(to be CONTINLED.) 

Cbaracirr o/'Richard, i.'(ir/o/"ScARDOjiovcn. 

In drawing the character of Lord Scarborough, I wil 
le s'rictly upon my guard, against the partialiit/ of thu 
ntiina'eand unreserved friendship, in which tve lived foi 
iiore than twenty years ; to which friendship, as well a; 

the public notoriety of it, I owe itiuch more than mv 
jnde will let my gratitude own. If this may be suspect 
;d tO have biassed my judgment, it iiuist, at the sain^ 
iitte, be allowed to have informed it ; for the most secre 
ri jvements of his soul were, without disguise comimnn 
:a:edtomeoaly. However, I will rather luwer than 
iiighten the colouring { I will make the shades and draw 
a credible rather thvn an exact likeness. 

He hatl a very good person, rather above the middle 
si/.e ; a handsome ftice, and when lie was chearful, thr 
most engaging counten;tnce imaginable ; when grave, 
which he was oftenest, the most respectable one. HehaU 
i :i the highest degree the air, manners and add; e s of -t 
man of quality ; politeness with case, and dignity witii- 
out pride. 

Bred in camps and courts, it cannot be supposed that he 
v/as untainted with the fashicnable vices of thei,e warm 
i;limates ; but, if I inay use the expression, h« dignihea 
them, instead of their degi-adiog him into any mean or 
iiideccnl action. He had a g loti di?gree of classical, and a 
great one of msdern, knowledge ; t\i.h a just, and, at the 
same time, a delicate taste. 

In his common e.\pences he was liberal within 
hounds; but in his charities and bounties he had none. 

1 have known them to put him to some present iuconve- 

He was a strong, but not an eloquent or florid speaker 
in parliament. He s])ol;c so unallcciedly the honest dic- 
tates of his heart, that truth and virtu;, which never win 
and seldom wear, ornaments, seemed only to borrow his 
voice. This gave such an astonishing weight to all he 
said, that he more than once carried an uowiliing majori- 
ty after him. Such the authori'y of unsuspected virtue, 
that it will sometimes shame vice into decency at least. 

He was not only offered, but pressed to accept, the post 
of secretary of state; blithe conslaniy refused it. I once 
tried to persuade him to accpt it ; but he told me that 
both the natural warmth and meUmcholy of temper, 
m;ide him unfit for it ; and that moreover he knew very 
well that, in those ministerial employments, the course of 
business made it necessary to do many hard things, and 
some unjust ones, which could be only autiioriscrd by tht 
Jesuitical casuistry of the directions of the in'ention : a 
doctrine which he said he could not possible adopt. Whi- 
ther he was the first that ever made that objection, 1 
cannot aflinn ; but I suspect that he will b; the 

He was a true constitutional, and yet pracrica bie pa'rint 
a sincere lover, and a zealous asserter, of the natural, the 
civil, and the religious rights of his country ; but he wonld 
not quarrclwith the crown, for some slight str-tchesof the 
prerogative! nor with the people, for some unwrtn ebu'Ii- 
tions of liberty: nor with anyone for a difference of opinion 
in speculative points. He considered the constitu'nin in 
the aggreg-ate, and only watched that no one part of it 
should preponderate too much. 

His moral character was so pure, that if one ma- «ay 
of that imperfect creature man, what a celebra-ed iiis -i- 
au says of Scipio, nil nor. ImiJnnihm nul dixit, au: fc-it, 
aut seiisit ; I sincerely think, (I had almst said I know) 
one might say it with great truth of him, one single in- 
stance excepted, which shall be memioned. 

He joi.icd to the noblest and stric'est principles of ho- 
nour and generosity, the tenderest sentiments of benevo- 
lence and comjiassion i«nd, as he washa'urallv warm, hs 
could not even hear oflm injustice or a baseness, without 
a sudden indignaiion ; nor of the misfortunes or tniseries 
of afdlow-cSiUire, with lut mcliiilg into softness, r-i.d 
endeavouring to rslievthein. 'i his p:ir; of his chiirai ■r 
was so universnliy known, tLa: cur i^c^t a;'.dm,'bt satiiicul 
English poit, says, 

n'lien I CO ifiss, there it •who fceh fjr /. me, 

AiU itidu to goodness, need I Scarborough itainef 

He had not theleasc pride of birth and rank, that com. 
nt-iu narrow notion of little minds, that v,-v,.-:chcd mista- 
'^ei suifedaneuivi of merit ; bu' he was jealous to antiety 
of bis chatic-er. as all men arc wh, desci ves a g.-i.-d ine. 
.■\i;d sucn was his difulence upon that subj'Xt, that he ne- 
.'■r could be persuaded that mankind really thi>oglit of 
.Tim as they did ; for surely never nian had a higher re. 
putation. and never man enjoved a niore universal es- 
eetn. Even knaves respected him ; and fools thought 
they loved him. If he had any enemies, (for I protest I 
levrr knew one), they could only be such as were war/ 
ofalwiys hearing of Aristides the Just. 

He was tic subject to sudden pjusts of passion, but they 
iie.';;r hurried him intoany illib eral or ind cc^t_e;^'r^Si sif,n — 
or action — .so invincibly habitual to him were good-nature 
and good-manners. But, if ever any word happened to 
Ti.ll from him ill warmlh, which upon subsequent reflec- 
tion he hiiviscif thought too sttong, he was nevi'r easy till 
lie had made move than a sufficient atonement for it 

He had a mos' uafor unite, I will call i" a mos» fa'il 
kiatl of nielai'.cholv in his nature, which oft.^n r.iailc him 
b:)th absent and silent in company, but never morose or 
sour. At other tiiites he was a chearful and sgreeable 
comnanion — but, ciuscious that be was not always so. he 
avoided company too much, sndwas too often alone, giv- 
ing way to a .T.iin of glooniy reKecti'^ns. 

Hiscons'itution. which was never rcbusf, br; k? rap'dly 
It the Utter end of his life. He had to., s'vre s'ro'es .jf 
a])0|)lexy or palsy, which considerably affected his body 
tndhis mind. 

1 desire that this may not be looked upon as a full anil 
'iniched character, writ for ihe sake of writingit — bu* as 
oiy solemn deposit of truth to the best of my knowled,;e. 
1 owed this small deposit .if Justice, such as it is, to the 
memory of the best man 1 ever knew, of the dearest 
riendl ever had. 



Siiimer iS" iri/b v. Hanson. 
This was an action for money lent, under the fill v.ving 

circumstances : Mrs. Skinner liad formerly been 

fcllow-servant with the', who w.i5 at that time 
a journeyman butcher, and her affectinnate admirer. In 
ihe interval of theircourtship. the uncle of the former di. 
ed, and left her lOOI. in the 5 percent annui.ies. Thede. 
fen Jant's love became more ardent, and he pressed hu 
fair one to compliance, unshackled with the resiraint of 
marriaj'C. he H iil'.y moved her from servitude, and took 
a neat lodging for their mutual accommodation. After* 
time the ladv pruvcd pregnant, and as expences increas. 
ed, and were likely to increase still further, the ilefendant 
prevailed tuion his unthinking helpmate to sell oui the 
proi.'rry in the funds, and advance it to his uses. They 
ivedmerrlr whde it lasted— the lady was brought to 
bed, and 'hin^s went on indifferen'h- well, -ill the moi>*y 
was gone, and the child had paid the d -bt of nature.— 
Things now assumed » differe.i aspect, a -.d the defendant 
urged the necessity of a return to servituJe. The i>oor 
girl had no objection, provided tUs defeadaut would givt 



For 1804. 

^er back i.i- IJJI.j par cents. That was impossible in 
the then state of the dcfendant*s iinances. but he x'^^' 
r<wj/j» gave her a <;:7f ^«u;ii/ note, and bade her to be in. 
dustriotis and work Tor more. After some time she iia.l 
the good fortune to cultivate an acquaintance with Mr. 
Skinner, the plaintift' a coachman in a respectable fami- 
ly, who married her, and learning thai the defendant had 
commenced busine.'is for himself, and had opened a shop 
in ChisweH-strcet,brought the pitsent action to recover his 
v/iWafurtune, which she, in an imprudent hour, had been 
prevailed upon to part with. 

Sir James Mansfield left it to the jury to say, whether 
the money had been advanced to the defendant ?.» a j^t/i 
or ^ loan. He com.tientcd with much severity on the 
conduct of the defendant ; a'd further observed, that if 
young women made a voluntary surrender of their jier- 
Bons, vitnoutre^ard to the form of mairiage, but in con- 
tempt of its sacred and highly beneficial ritef, joined 
themselves to the obji-ct of their inisconceived passion, 
they deserved very little commiseration for anything that 
roight bcf?.l tlicrri. 

The /iry found a verdict for the plaintiff. D.images 
one hundred and fifteen pounds, the principal and interest 
of the hundred i per cents from the time it was sold 





It has been observed, iny dear S that eloquence is 

not the sole characteristic of the American Senates ; and 
I have abundant rc-isonio remark, that ,)lain sense, strong 
judgment, ardent patriotism, predominate in the indivi- 
dual states, as in the national legislature. But that best 
* harmony ofriwcer .■•.aiinds,* the grp.ceiul and permanent 
rhetoric, which thrills the nerves, and seizss uponlhe pas- 
sioiuoftlie hearer, which chr^rmi, while it instructs, and 
teems to commiserate, even while it coiidf inns— that 
must be looked for amonj; a people, more ancient, mure 
aCluent, better delined, and more accurately defining than 
the unptiti-onized and self-taught individuals of the new 
hevYiisphtre. If these obscrvatiotis be strict'.;- applicable 
10 the Senatorial rank of the country, in considering ano- 
ther, and more accurately distingui'.hed dass of public 
BpeaUinc;, forensic oratory, I am led to ronfels this appears 
to have been cultivated, with an assiduityjfbac indulges 
the hops, and si>ea%s Jhi p^inisn of iniitii'-g, for its pos- 
sor, the Iniinry of wealth, withthe avistoijracy of power. 
In fact, this peojjle, so tenacious of their rights, and so* 
clear.«!ghted in their political jealousy, have permitted 
the individuals of the bench and the bar, almost to 
monopolize the high and lucrative offices and endowments 
of the s a'.e, as of the national governinent. Thence, in 
my ir.-.vcls through the imion, courts of law and justice 
have become the most important objects of my research, 
and the inevitable subjects of my im'iariia! ci'iticisni. I 
have, indeed, marked the forensic talent of the nation, 
and found it of a description wholly dissimilar to the pro- 
minent trait tfsenatoral dignitv. I lave heard eloquence, 
»nd discovered learning in the ' aboiles of, that 
might have srampt a new, and mnre sublime, character 
tpcn the American peopk. Whtnce, I have ceased to 
wonder at that infiuence and asceinhncy, which the dis- 
tinguishcd pre-eminence of its pmfessors has merited &; 

Upon my first .arrival in Boston, appearances were, to 
my view, gn-atly inauspicious. 1 found a large town, 
ajiparenriy devoted to trade, st/rets narrow, crooked, and 
not remarkably clean s fine houses, in wretched and al- 
most inacessible avenues, and cominodious situations, dis- 
graced by hovels. Such were the conspicuous features 
that met the first n;p d'oeil. A further introduction 
laiight me that these ill-situated mansions were the abode 
of hospitality, and within tbose hnniblir hove's oppiessi- 
"I'.^ii"' ',"'*''''■'■ '""^'^ ^'"linown. I recognised more of (he 
old English whig, in the character of thr Boslonians, than 
in any state in the union. Tolerating libera!, and ir.telli. 
genr, vd marked bv strong local prejudices, and inHe.xi- 
ble animosities, while feeiing freedom, and literally claim- 
ing indei)cndencc, behind his counter the shopman in- 
<juires the ne\vs and arraigns the government j and tlie 
poorest mechanic reads the Gazette, reasons upon finance 
and approves, or opposes, the diit.inution of ta.«s. A- 
mong this people, so congenial to the best portion of my 
own countrymen, inquiry lias been forcibly awal:cne(!, fc 
my an.\ious attention constantly occupied. Findiif the 
supreme judici.aj court in session, I flew thither, wi'Ihthe 
solicitude bf a mi. id. whose appetite for the new and the 
curious is never gratilicd to satiety. There I found ta- 
leius, that were respectable, and genius, that was extra 
oramary ; yet I must impartially acknowledge mv asto- 
nishment at the general irregularity and inattention to 
/■nwj ihat prevailed. Boys, just admitted at practition- 
ers, were suifercd. without reprimand from the bench, to 
indulge the vividness of their imagination, wandering, at 
will, thmngh all the ],L-asant p.-.ths of romance, now 
pompous by snaring to bombast, then sinking to the pert 
simile, or the misapplied anecdote. Further, it was to be 
remarked of litis generally respectsble Uod}', tbM their 

total inattention to the decorum of dress, and external 
distinction, must awaken in every fo;-eigiier some unplea- 
sant sensations. The judges were dressed, or rather en 
deshabille, in plain coats: »nd the apparel of the giinile- 
men of the bar, was as diversified, us the propoitior. and 
faculties of their minds — an endless variety, from thee.\- 
cellein and extraordinary, to the mean and ftimsy. Howe- 
ver the philosopher may pretend to despise mere exter- 
nal effects, men of the world must be sensible of ;!>.eir im- 
portance, #s it regards the senses, and attaches to the u.i- 
derstanding i for the ludicrous, which npon the presei-c 
occasion is by no means applied, having a certain tenden- 
cy to counteract respect, must, of nccessit) , arrest useful- 
ness. Thence, I ap[>ro\ e of a ccslutnc fo'r all public cha- 
racters, and ihink that the sanctity of an oath would be 
rendered more inviolable, under -greater ceremony and so- 
lemnity, in the manner of its being administered. Peo- 
ple v/ithout understanding, and destitme of the moral 
principlo, may be influenced by their senses, and on their 

impression deterred from the commision oi" evil 

VV hence, allowinp !i,rrt fcnnt tn be not intrinsically im- 
portant, they are at least relatively good, vespectabie for 
their utility, and lionoraliic in their observance. 
[7o6e continued.^ 

I From tic Amokan Daily Advertiser. 


iSome of your readers may not have 
read Alej;?.nder T.^'Kenzie's voyages in the discovery of 
tae most Northern parts of this continent J it may be in- 
fmning ;o them to see in your paper the following short 
I r-ccount. 

This celebrated voyager sst out from a tradingpost on 
the La he of the Hills, lat. .W 2s'. Ion. 110, W. from 
I ^-rcenwich Hospital in England. He passed dov.n the 
Mave river and entered the Slave on ihctjth of/anf, 
which was then frozen oven when it wf.s nv/igahie he 
went in pursuit of its ontlet, and discovered a river which 
he M'Keiizie's river, down which he pursued his 
voyage, until became to the sea in lat. 69 N. long. 15 J, 

of 20 fc'ct— in come places it is half a mile wide, in others 
from one to two ,n breath and from 3 to 6 fathom deep 
irom the lake oi the Hills to the mouth of the river at 
the sea. the course v/aslittle tothe Eastward of Ij. W. 

Some yearr afterwards he .igain leftth« lake of the Kills 
toejtplore the course upw ards of the Peace river, which 
is th- same Slave river called above thelakecf '1,'e H'll- 
by thisinore pleasing na-.-.-.e; its general c.-.urse seem S w' 
to N. !•;. until it came to the lake of thvHill. Up this he 
went to r ear Its source, and landing in lat. 54il N he 
found the Columbia within nine hundred yards "f him ■ 
down this he passed to enter the Pacific Ocean, but beinf- 
intoniied by the na'ives of a much nearer and less danc-J! 
;ous route by Land, he walked about 300 miles over it a°nd 
completed Ins discoveries across t' e conti.ient from the 
j.tlanijc to the i^acific Ocean. 

The whole length of his voyages on the Peace, Slave, 
ana ..VKrjuii^: rivers, which are but one, is two thousand 
favc hundred miles. 

This intertsting traveller has informed us, that a Mr- 
Thomjison, astronomer to the North West Canada com- 
pany of Traders has been at the head ,)f the Riississiipi , 
and Missouri river,", and ascertained their latitudes, and 
longitudes, by astvonor;;ical observations. The head nf the 
Mississippi lat. ^7, long. 9j ; Missouri lat. 25, long. 102- 
himself has placed the Columbia, where hefellin with it] 
on ''' ^-~"^'""'"* ''='^'' ascertained its mouth in lat. 46, 

By the large map bound up with M'Kenzie's travels it 
appears that a N. W. wind com.cj to Philsdelphia from 
the froien sea, about the rnmith of K'Kenzie's river, pass- 
ing over a country abeunding with small T,akes, until it to Hudson's Bav , when it crosses and passes over 
...e conlinen; again,- i- is felt at Montreal, from whence 
li goes over Ontario and arrives at Philadelphia. 

Alexander K'Kenzie performed his voyage in bark c- - 
noes about the size, and ma.!? in tlie manner, of that 
hanging in the hall of the Museum at Philadelphia. 

Th. language spoke by tiie Indians UirotigLout this e-t- 
tensive route, except on the coast of the P,ici!ic, was the 
Chipewyan, or Chipeway ; it is also spoken by the Indi- 
ans on tue upper pai-t of the Mississiiuii. 

V.'^ith respect to courage, the Sin:hor of L'Apnhgie de hem x 
Stxe reli>tes a story which if true, has seldom been equall- 
ed by man. A servant girl of Lisle, remarkable for her 
fearless diFposltion, laid a wager that she would go into a 
chamel-hpnse, at midnight, w-ithoiit a light, and bring 
from thence a man's skull. Accordingly, at the time ap- 
pointed, she went ; but the jiirson with whom she had 
made the bet, inteivl'iig to terrify he.-, hatl gone before, 
and hid himself in the place. When he heard her de-cend 
and take up the skull, he called out, in a hoilow, dismal 
voice, ■■ Leave me ii.y head !" The girl, instead of dis- 
covering any symptoms of horror or fricht. very cocUv 
laid It tlowii and said, ■■ Well there it is then !" and took 
up another ; upon which the voice again repeated "Leave 
me my htad!" But ths heroic girl, observing it was th 

same voice that had called before, answered iu her coun- 
try dialect, " Nea, nca, friend, y' cannot lu' two 

XT was a beautiful turn given by » great lady, who be 
;ng asked where her husband was, when he by conceal, 
cd lor being deeply concerned in a conspiracy, resolutely 
answered, '• She had him." This conftssion drew her 
before the king, who tcld her nothing but diicorering 
\yher-.her lord was concealed couK! save het the tor- 
tnrc. " And will that do," said the ladv. " Tcs," .says the 
King, <■ Igiye you my word for it." " Then," s-eys she. 
".' J'ave hid him iu my heart where you may find 

Mr. Pennant speaking of London, says, in walking a- 
long the sti-cel, in my youth, on the side next to Fleet 
Prison, I have often been tempted by the q^K=ticn, sir, 
Kitlyoi, bep.'eased.'i -aa«- in and h marrUd ? Along this 
most !a»-less space, was hung the frequent sign of a malo 
and female hand joined, -with ■■ Marriag-es peiformed 
within," written beneath. A dirty fellow invited you 
in. The paison was seen walking before his .shop, a 
s(|uelid, profligite figure, clad in a tattered plain night. 
g,),vn, -.vith a fiery face, and ready to couple you for a 
dram of gin, or a roll of tobacco. Our gieat Chancellor, 
Lord Hardwich, put these dtlno;:.~ to flight, & saved thoul 
sands from the misery and disgrace which would be en- 
tailed by thest! extempo_ry, thoughtless unions. 

At alatescssicn of the Supreme Cot:rt, held at New- 
Loudon, (Con.) the following sentence was pasted :— ' 

Jacob Noakes, of Long-Island, N. Y. convicttidof bii-a- 
my, (iK.v;ng married two wives)— sentenced to be whip, 
pen ten stripes, branded wiih the letter A and to wear % 
halter about his neck dj;-iiig his continuance in Connecti- 


St. PMrstur^, July 17. 

The ascension in the air undertaken by the desire of th» 
academy of sciences, to make e.Micriments, hr.s h id tha 
oesiied effect. The fai.ious chymist, Sacharost. and pro- 
fess«.r Robertson, j.scended in a favorable state of the wea- 
ther, from the garden of the cadet-coros, at 25 minute, 
alter 7 ociok in the evening. The ' r.-.cmbers of this 
learned body, who so niuch inicrest themselves for t'ha 
advancement of sciences, attended, nnd wllnccse-i the 43. 
cension, tjic most bcauriful yet s^enin Russia. The th'es 
small balloons sent into the ai.- as guides, or to reconnnoi- 
tre the wind, went first to the south, but soon afterwardu 
to the east, and towards the Baltic. This did not prevent 
iheaeronauts from ascending, having -.i-ith thcni several 
instruments to make experiments. The Balloon Hoated 
over the Baltic Sea Jor upwerdsof an hour. TwndiiTcr- 
ert winds v.-cre felt bl.-vwing in opposition. From the city 
a mantiuvre was observed which h.-iri for its objc-f to cu- 
through tli« upper wind, and bv it procure the travelleri 
an opportunity of getting to thesouthward und over the 
lana. Afterwa-.-ds they ascended higher and higher, un- 
til ten o'clock, when the balloon was entirely lost sight of, 
even by the persons folloii ing it with the felcs'-opes from 
the Obserfetory. The next day an express was brou -hi 
Ihe prosident of the academy of sciences, informin:- tliat 
ihesronauts lia.l, withcu any accident, arrived at Siwa- 
relz,6C wrests, or m-arSS leagates from tiiis capital. They 
descended foi r)--,Sve minutes past ten 'in the EriMish gar- 
den opposite the castle r.f general Emiaoff, who received 
and entertained the atrial travellers wi>6 the greatest hos- 
pitality. T.he result of this ascension, •undertaken only 
tor scienti.Hc e.-ijieriments, will soon be published, and 
lound very interesting as well as instructive. 

A Patent has been obtained ,''ora- new kind of Wind 
Engine, capable of being app!;cd't.> all the puiposes of 
wind, steam, or water-ruills 1 by means of flyers, it con. 
denses the aii'ofthe atmosphereiin a sii-ong vessel, som 
to make it f.'om ten to twe.ity times more tlense than in 
its natural state ; and this dense air from the magazine is 
conducted. tlircugh a pipe to the top of a' cylinder, where 
It acts upon a piston, by its elasticity, and keeps th: mi». 
chinery in motion proportionate to the capacity of the 
engine, though the wind doe; not blow. 

[Lontiin Paper. 


It has be:n fully proved by ex];erience, that the quanti- 
ty and soundness of a crcp cf IttJ-aii Corn, much depends 
on the goodne.^s of the seed ; and as this is the proper sea- 
son of tlie year to provide seed for the next spring's 
planting, I would propose the following method : — Select 
asulficient number of the large and best ripened ears, from 
the best land ; strip nil" some of the outside husks then 
pierce holes through the stems, and with strong cords or 
splints sirinp; them six or eight together, and run them on 
poles ; in this order they may be hung up in the garret 
or loft of some out-building, until wanted for use. 






AMONG the vjst citJoguc of crimes which »re daily 
committed in populous ciiies.thcr; ire few more conspi. 
cuous and jicne more heinous, than that of Seduction. 
i.'ow cautious shouU he the proceedings of the youthful 
fa'.r ! What inquisitive eyes should they S.t on the man 
who asks admittance to their conlidcnce ! Seduction is 
the precurcor of numberless ills— the parent of disgrace, 
disease, want, and, finally, of death ! 

My thoughs were directed into this channel, by an oc- 
currence which took place in this city, a few days since. 
When the season is mild and the air pure; when smiling 
nature is re-assuming all her charms, we are induced to 
•troll out, wrapt in contemplation, to taste the health-re- 
•toring breeze of grey-eyed morn, aitd view the sun as it 
peeps from behind yon high " eastern hills." 

M» steps were directed down tlie street, and, being 
absorbed in a deep reverie, the first object that attracted 
my notice was a little girl, stretched out before me. with 
some Slicks of fuel at her side, who insisted that 1 hail 
pushed her over. I did not spend much time in debating 
whether I h;id or not, but gently lifted her up, bid her be 
cheerful, and asked, not withotit some anxiety, her name 
and place of rccidcnce. After some hesitation, she re- 
plied as follows : 

' My name is Eliza. My mother lives on tlie back 
' street, in a cold cellar. My sister is sick ; and we have 

• no wood to make her comi'urtable— no nourishment for 
■ her or our own sujiport — and no means of procuring it. 

• I have been in quest of fuel, and this is all I have found.' 
It is almost impossible to judge what eftcct the^e words, 
uttered with plaintive sweetness, by one of tender years, 
and of the s'juer sex, hv\ upon a mind • feelingly alive to 
each fine impulse.' ' I wil'l see thein,' said I, • and you 
jTiy little girl, shall be my conductor.* 

Now will I compensate you for my rudeness, thought 
1, as I followed her along. Phe guessed, my thoughts — 
looked at me— and wept. My heart fluttered as I gazed 
upon her. Her coun'cnance was expressive, and denoted 
her the child of sensibility. • I will rear this,' 
said I, ' and place it in a bed of roses. I will waccli it as 
it expands to the morning sun, and shelter it from the 
iilijjcnding storms. The day shall be spent in its culture, 
and it shall breathe its odours on my posterity !' 

She led me down a flight of narrow steps, and shewed 
me the horrois of a subterraneous abode. V/e wcrecour- 
teonsly received by her mother, who looked at me in si- 
le.T.-e. I cast m;.' eyes around and discovered a wretclied 
couch, on which lay a v^oman, the must disgusting spec- 
tacle my eyes ever beheld. This, reader, was an object 
of seduction ! For some time I could not find words to 
excuse my unsought visit. I was aware of the iinpro- 
prietv of delay ; and, putting a bill into the hand of the 
mother, begged she would send for the necessary com- 
forts. Thouglfreduced to the most extreme indigence, 
the reluctanlly received my assistance. She had see.i bel- 
ter days ; and, I soon discovered, possessed suiTicient dis- 
cernment to knew the drift of iny thoughts. 

• You have come. Sir,* said she, * to the abode of 
■wretcliedness. From whom you have gained a know- 
ledge cf my family misfortunes, I know not ; it is of lit- 
tle consequence. A glance is sufficient to tell your errand. 
Your goodness claims my graii:ude. Yon have, however, 
cotne 100 late. My daughter cannot survive many days : 
and I, worn out wirii care and sorrow, shall soon follow 
lier to the silent (jijiVii I jiiay with truth, repeat the 
words of the poet : '■,,■--■ 

• Mj' daughter, rmce the 'cinnf(^ii-^fmy nge, 

• Lured ly a mUain,fn»w'^^}fe(tceful borne, 

• Wm cast, aianJm'd, oji tUSeKibrWa ■mide stage, 

' And docm^d in scanty pcnxrty to roam* 

Only three years past wfrwerr in gbed circumstances. 
My husband was living; my children in the bloom of 
youth, were innocent and respected ; and I was the hap- 
piest of wMnen. Alas', how soon was all my happiness 
runted to pain 1 A youth, whom we loved as a son, and 
whom we shortly .expected to call by that endearing ap- 
pellation, betrtiyed the confidence we j>laced in him — vio- 
lated Heavoti's best law, and succeeded in carrying off 
our deluded and infatuated child. Enticed by theprcniis- 
€s of marriage, she consented to elope with him : he car- 
iiedherto Norfolk, meanly seduced the helpless girl, and 
then left her inabjectwant. Overwhelmed with remorse 
and shame, she had no resource but to join the ' frail 
ftisteriiood ;' and add one more to the list of the Devil's 
Jiensioner's. The shock was too much for a father, who 
tenderlyicved lu.r,- and he paid the d-?bt of nature shortly 
nfier. My husba.vTs affairs became deranged ; and I was 
aroused from my stupor by the sheriff, who seized all the 
household i.i-cpcrfy, and sold it to the highest bidder. 
At this m'>ineti'ous crisis, I received word from my 
Avretclied daugh'er, who imjilored my jiardon, and be- 
aought mc, bvall the love slie had formerly shewn ine, 
to forglveand take herhome. ' Alas ! my child, thy fol- 
lies have Itilled thy father, and thrown thy mother on the 
mercy of the world. I have no hoine !* was all that I 
could answer. I took this cellar, and in it received my 
unhappy child. She bae liagercd ever since, but cinaot 

holdout much longer. My aftiiction is great— biii God 
tempers the mind to bear the most grievous calami- 

Here she paused. The silence of death ensued. Her 
narrative had overpowered me ; and I stood motionless. 
After a long silence, I bid them good morning, and 
scnghl my dwelling. Asl was returning. I involuntarii) 
exclaimed, ' O man ! why hast thou absolute power uvei 
the weak* r sex ? Why, knowing thyself to possess it 
dost tbcu abuse it ? Woman is an interesting creature — ; 
sacred dejjosit ; and wlto, amonges, '. is insensible to th< 
value cf so rich a prize ; Let man respect virtue, it 
whatevergarb it ajipears. Let the institution of marrlag* 
be held sacred in all ranks of society ; and mankind risinj 
superior to vice, shall gain a crown of glory more durablt 
than earth. 



■' W€ a^v thy -clrf^ 
•• Thy mlhd elate i 

ith insi.U 

■ Llu-:„c be^'Jr 
nee and jn ide* 

Few foibles in the human character arc less tolerated 
by society than jiride ; although very .*'ew jtersons can be 
found who do not possess a very considerable portion of 
it ; indeed, it appears to be one of the component quitli- 
tics esi^entially necessary to complete the charater cf 
man. .Some men are called pr'iud bccaiiie they are re- 
served ill their address, and not sufficiently conimuiiica- 
tive in company ; others, because they engross conversa- 
tion by their loquacity, and disgust by their egotism. 

The pride of the Statesman is conspicuous in the Se- 
nate ; that of the dancing-master in the ball-room ; -.he 
city fop cuts a dash in hue clothes; the country beau 
prides himself on his gay horse ; while some ct,nceiifd 
self-styled philosophers, disdaining to appear like oiher 
peopl , aHect a slovcnness and inattention to personal 
cleanliness for the sanjercas*!, highly disgusting to oriii- 
nary persons. 

The haughty Spaniard and the aflahle Frenchman ; the 
surly Duchitian and the reserved Englishman, all of them 
possess a su.licient degree of ;)ride ; and it is that alone 
which forms thedistinguishmjlrait in the national cha- 
racter of each. 

But how do the ladies discover their prit'e > By ten 
thousand difiercnt ways. The ' Spectator' tells us,' tha. 
in his days the women displayed every passion of the fe- 
male mind by the manccuviing of their Fans; pride was 
accordingly expressed by a r>a'rticu!ur flirt cf 'that useful 
little machine. 1 have very good reasttns to believe that 
this practice has been carefully preserved; asl have see-, 
several ladies exercising their fans since the conimcr.ce 
ment of cool weather. The positicn of a cap, hat or boo- 
net on the head of the wearer, are ."aid to be fr.qnentli 
expressive of this patsion. But in the counteianee, in the 
features of the ' human face divine,' we luay find deline- 
ated every thought of the fair sex ; there we must look 
for jn ide ; bn' I assure you, there will be no dillkulty tt 
find it ; the bridled neck, affected smiie, and sc'.rnfnl 
eye, are cert.tin and unerring indicaliors ; these you ma. 
see at every tea-table, and in every fas'.iionable asscniMy . 
JDrtii.'eiihas pleasantly described his avers:!)n of thesccrn- 
ful fair, by the following beautiful lines : 

Swjne countrygirl, scarce to a ciirtsy bred, 
Would I much rather than Camilla we. 
If supercilious, haughty, prmdand vain, 
6'ie brought her father's trimnphs in htr t 



IF yon conceive the frilow'ng lines w^rth^ 
a place in your entertaining and instructive paper, you wil 
be pleased to insert them : — they are supposed to be pecu 
liaily elegant and aftecting. and' v ere extracted from ; 
London Newijiaper some years ago. 


?he stop'd me twice, ere she could supplicate ; 

She seemed no common mendicant : — pale woe, 
That fed upon her check, had not subdu'd 
That loftiness of soul that fll'd her eye— 
Tho' 'twas o'ercast ; and as she nie survey'd 
With doubting gaze, that eye said, mildly sad — 
" Tis hard to beg !" 1 stopped and questioned her : 
The inite I gave, seein'd to have rous'd thethtnight 
That few had been so kind— and tears rusli'd forth ; 
But l.astilv she win'd them off,as tho* she scorn'd 
False pitv to excite or yield toanght 
Of needless feeling. ■ The unfonunate* 
She said, ' each thinks his lot the bitterest: 
< And mine, perhajis, seems bitterer to me 
• Than Neutral Reason would admit.' Again 
She thanked me. curtsied, and proceeded. 
My heart was strangely louch'd ; — I followed hcr ; 
1 urged bcr further to di&doke licr taU— 

To let iiie sooth her ; jiity kindled more 

I promised to redress her wrongs — to be 
Her tuLure friend and guide. 

-Stedfast shclook'd 

U|)on me as I spoke :— .A sudden lii 

Brighten'd in her eyes, her pale cheek kindled ; 

The maid appear'd to take another form : no more 

The mendicant, her air was as 

The forest oak recovering from the storm. 

That shakes his scatter'd tresses, and resumes' 

His state :— ' Many there are,* she said. ■ like thea 

• Would pity me thus fall'n ; but where is he 

' That would have sav'd that fall ) O, pity 

' Comes tco late, that cannot save !' 

My poor, forsaken, long lost Rosalind ; 

The flow'r 1 cropt, and then with bar'o'rous change. 

Neglected !—0, 'twas she, 'twas she, who now. 

With a disdain too proud for anger — with 

The conscious triumph of superior mind. 

Its errojs coHquei-'d, refns'd the friendship 

Of hcr false betrayer — bad him adieu — and fled. 

Nor backward v.'a3 my speed ; and I o'ertook her. 

Her energies were all exhausted ; now 

Tale, breathless, trembling, death hung o'er her face. 

(\TOieii first I saw that face 'twas fair and gay !) 

I caught the tott'ring ruin :— It was I nndernvn'd it ; and justly punished, 

'Twas I received its fall. 

— ' — t Never since that hour 

Has gladiiess reached my heart, 

Chailcs City, November 2. 



May be had at the Office of the Mii:-rsa. 



The ship Gold, 
deaiix, brings in 
time ihe 
UMops w 

Age, arrived at Boston, from Bor- 
is infornia.ien to September 16, at which 
Idingofgun beats had ceased; ihe French 
encamped near the sca-shcre, arri ever/ ap- 
pearance indicated a speedy embarkation to meet ihe lios- 
fle fr.rces of Britain. Opinions were very diuerenf ia 
France relative to the real intentions of the emperor fic- 

najiarte. There exists a strong jealousy of the Swedish, 

fJanit.V. St Pr-tssian governments. I'hemerchanis anucar- 
ed so suspicious of a ruptuse with these powers, thaoHut 
the lime die Golden Age sailed, they had refttsed "^'ines 
to Swedish f.C'ghters, thougii part of the cargo was on 
beard, and l>ft iheni to land ^^ hat was already shipped, 
and des,aii,or wait their |,.leasure. Of the disposition of 

>tussia little was said \ Paris paper .says, iiis ex- 

cilleticy the minister of the intericr has made known by 
his letter of the 23d August, that his majesty the empe- 
ror, had or.-lered him to take, without delay, the necessary 
measures to suspend the exportation cf grain, in all the 
departments where it was permitted by the imperial de- 
cree, of the 25th Pruirlal last. In consequence all expor- 
tation of grain and Hour is forbid without anj e.\ct;ptioti 


The IStll of November, being the day appointed by law 
fer the meeting of C ingress, a quorum was formed ; the 

number of members present, were M. .\n extract 

of a letter from Commoiiore Preble to the Secrettry of 
the Navy, dated June U, 1.".04, on bo«rd the United 
States frigate Constitution, offTripoli, ssys, •' Yesterday 
I anchored olfthe Harbour and sent Mr. O'Brien on 
shore under a flag of Truce, to endeavour to ransom our 
unfonunate country-men, and if the Bashaw should de- 
sire it, to establish peace. Mr. O'Brien did not succeed 
in his mission, he landed at noon and returned ->n board at 
half past 2 o'clock P. M. You will see by his instructi- 
ons how far he wa» authorised to go for the ransom. X 
presume if the terms had been accepted our government 
would have been satisfied ; but they were refused, and we 
have no alternative but to eblit;e him to accept them or 

others more favorable for us." We are authorised to 

sav, says the Commercial Register, that the account of 
Prince Jeriniie Bonaparte and his lady being shipwrecked 
in Snow Philadelphia, in the bay of Delaware, on their 
passage for Cadiz, is coirect. They embarked at Port 
Penn. and were landed, after being in imminent danger, 
at Pilot-town. They arrived thit day, Jlat October, ill 
Philadelphia, acccmpanied by Miss Spear and Mr. Pi- 

chon. The grand jury of Bergen county in theiitalc 

of New-Jersey, have foiind abill of indictment for wRrr/er 
ag-i'nst Aaroii Burr, f-r killing General Hamilton, In Jtlly 

in said County. Tuesday the 2d October last, was 

the day set apart by the Government of Hayti for swear- 

ing:allegiance to the Emperor Dessalines, Edward 

CustisEsq. formerly a member of the Virginia Conven- 
tion, is to succeed Hore B. Triste, Esq. dec. in the Col- 
lectorsliipcf the port of N. Orleans. 



Vol. 1. 


,r ivfilix DiJn 

Tacitu7tvi ■■ vhit, sul> fedorc vulnua.' 

Unfeeling Edwird, can'st thou say 
Thtt Mary shuns thy prollcr'd love, 

Hf r artlciS hear: is led astray, 

And thee, neglected, leaves to rove > 

Ah ! can'st thou thu5, in wanton strains, 
HtT lender mind with anguish tear — 

Her faithful love repay with pains, 
With sorrow, cruelty, and care .' 

Ah ! coutdst thou look within, and know 
Wh»t fears, what passions sirnggls there. 

Thy eyes would melt, thy bosom glow. 
And all thy Mary's wrongs repair. 

Again, my much lov'd youth return. 

Thy Mary's wonted ^leace restore ; , 

Nor thus regardless, see her mourn 
The loss of joys, she knows no more. 

Oh ! come, and on her williiig breast 
Thy head recline— her fears remove : 

Th-; heart, with joy, shall then confess. 
That onl; thee t'ay Maid caii love. 

Come, of her blissful bower partake. 
With Flora's richest treasure dress'd i 

In these fond arms, thy slutnbers take. 
Here give thy weary eye-lids rest. 

Oh ! come, and on her willing breast 
Thy head recline — her fears remove : 

Thv heart, with joj , shall hen confess, 
i'hal I'.iee.and only thee, thy Maid can lovo. 


IN ages past, when Time was young. 
Ere Nature', bard ii'spir'd had sung. 


,t Jove the tUwn ot Scimce blest, 
id sent 10 fati th' inventive breasi, 
bright celestial down. 

She came — o'er Greece she cast her eye ; 
Genius she saw negfectetl lie, 

And tool^him Uy htr arms : 
She biide him hope ahajtjjier hour ; 
llcr southing voice, \vi:h mapcpow'r, 

His cheerless bosom warms. 

And soon the learn'd to glow. 

The Muse to meU the soul with woe, 

And music chnrn theeari : 
The sluj'igish, roi:j;h, insensate stor*, 
IinparsionM Joes itus imiuence own. 

And Nature's self appears. 

Then Learning rearM her head sublime. 
And Man, Exjierietice s a ch'd from Time, 

By iVirUril VLs'nrj's H^'ht : 
And' Grecia's s >n% in Vir ue grew. 
It) Wisdom, and i:i Pleasure too, 

T.U rreodom took to flight. 

?car'd at the Despot's iron sway, 
tJ..- HeJ, and westward bent her way, 

\Vl»ere fljurish'd freedonTs wreath ; 
Again the marble mimics life, 
Soft music lulls the soul at s-rife, 

The cauvabs seems to breathe. 

Sweet Nymph! of hcart-reviving tone ! 
May I thy pleaVufg influence own. 

And share thy lively smile, 
M-iy generous emulation run 
Through ev'ry noble-minded Son, 

Of Freedom's fav'rite Isle. 

From the Port Folio. 


Sweet lady look not thus again ; 

Thiie litUe ptnring smiles recal 
A maid, rcmember'd now with pain. 

Who was my Itve, my life, my all. 

Oh \ while this heart delicious took, 
Sweet poison from her thrilling eye, 

Tl;u. v.outd she pout. ;uid lisp, and tool^ 
Audi would hear and ga^e and sigh. 

Yes. I did love her— madly love- 
She \vas the dear^'st best deceiver ! 

And ofi she swore she'd never rove ; 
And I was destinM to believe her. 

Then, lady, do not v.'ear the smile. 

Of her, whose smile could thus betray : 

Alas! 1 think the lovely wile 

Again might steal my heart away. 

And when the spell, that stole my mind, 
On lips, so pure as thire I see, 

I fear the heart, which she resignM, 
Will err again, and fly to thee. 

The Bee from the ;ose never sipi 

Such a tirascre of luscious delight, 

As the kisses, that honey'd my lips. 

My love, as I bid thee • gooil night'.' 

Prudence cried, it was time we should part, 

Yetl fondly gazM on with delight. 

And I thought it would break my poor heart, 

AVhen Heft ihee, siiH bidding • goocinigbt.^ 

So the wretch, whom disease o'crtalies. 

With the chillness of death in each vein. 

Still sighs for the world he forsakes. 

Sighs :jtill with his friends to remain. 

But be never returns to his bride. 

His sister or child to delight, 

While fortune, myfair< iie, may guide 

MCf to-monow, to bid thee ' good night.'' 


The hapless man, whose real woes 

His life's tranquility. destroy. 
Resorts to Fancy for repose, 

-And leas ns to of peace and joy. 
The bliss of love, of wealth and power, 

Th' enraptur'd dreamer then enjoys; 
All hles-.ingsgild th* ideal hour, 

No grief appears, no pleasiu-e cloys. 
At length tir'd Fancy can no more 

Relieve him from allotted pain j 
Her ] leasing scenes he now gives o*cr, 

And wakes to real life again. 


Dictated by a deep eenst of the merits after late puUicatlmi- 
Transcendant w<:r'h my song inspires, 

And bids me tune my lays ; 
Nor will I ch",de my warm dcsirei 
To cslebrale thy praise. 

Unlike to dull, mechanic rhymes, 

VVl.ich know no power to tharm, 
Celestial Hres exalt thy lines, 

Andevery feeling warm. 

Yes, ifcongenial souls there be. 

And such there surely are ; 
Thy soft, thy soothing liarnionj" 

.Shall every grief repair. 

Superior piety appears 

In every hymn of thine ; 
Unusual strength each ode endears ; 

Joy breathe tlirr, every line. 
May fame afar thy worth disclose, 

May thy harm.oniouslays 
Aw aken joy, a wreath compose 

Of never fading bays. 

[^Boston Weekly Magazine. 



M, vices ! gilded Irji tl^ rich and gay. 

IF we examine impartiallr that estimate of jileasure, 
which the higher ranks of society are apt to form, we vhali 
probably be surprised to find how little there is in it either 
of natural feeling or real satisfaction. Many a fashiona. 
ble voluptuary, who has not totally blunted his taste or 
his judgment, will own, in the intervals of recoUecion, 
how often he has suffered ftom the insipidity or the iiaii 
of liis enjoyments ,• andlhat, if it were not for the foar 
of being laughed at, it were sometimes worth while, even 
on the score of pleasure, to be virtuous. 

SirEdxiiard , to whom I had the pleasure of 

being mtroduced at Fiorerce, was a character much be- 
yond that which distingiishes the generality of the En- 
glish travellers of fortune. His storv was known to soine 
ofhiscoun'Tvmen vhothen resided in Lalv ; from one of 
whon,, who cou'd now and then talk of s-mcthing beside 
pcturt-s and operas, I had a particular recital of it. 

He I'ad been first abroad at an early period of life, soon 
after the deadt of hii father had left him miisterofavery 

large estate, which he had the gcodf'rtuoe to inherit, ai i 
all the inclination natural to youJi to enjiy. Though al- 
ways sumptuous, however, and scmeimes profu-.c, he 
was observed never to be ridlcul us in hie expenccs ■ and 
though he was now and then talked of as a man of pl-i- 
sure and dissipation, he always left behind more circum- 
stances r.f beneiicence tjian of irregularity. For thit re- 
spect and esteem in which his char.acte.-, amidst all hi« 
little errors, was generally held, he was suiiiiosed a go<<l 
deal indebted to the society of a gen.len;an, who had been 
his companion at the university, and now attended hlni ra- 
ther as a friend than a tutor. This gen'leman was, unfor- 
tnna'ely, seized at Marseilles with a lingering disorder, 
for which he was imder the necessity of taking asea-voy. 
agi-, leaving S\T£lward to prosecute the remaining part 
of his intended tour alone. 

Desccmling into one of the valleys of Picdrrovt, wlwre. 
notwiihs.-aniaiig .lie ruggedness of the road. Sir E hir.rd 
wiih a prt'jutlice na-ural to his country, inferred the cn- 
ve)ain;eofan English iui.ter to that of an Italian mule, 
his horK u.duckily made a fake s'.ep, and fell with fcis 
riJer to llic gr -und, fr.,m which Sir E .':»««/ was \if ed by 
h s servants, « ith scarce any signs of life. The) convey- 
ed him on a lit:er m the nearest h' UDe, \v hich happened to 
be the dwelling of a peasant ra-her above the trnimcn 
rank, before whose dnorsome of his neighbours were as- 
sembled at a scene of rural r.icrriment, v.-i1eti 'he tTilin of 
Sir JlVTCi.rt/ brought up theirma-tcr in the condition I have 
described. The ompassion iiaurai to his situation wa» 
excited in all ; but the owner uf ;.e mansion whose name 
was Venutii, was particularly mtvcd \.!th it. He applied 
himself immedia:rl, to the care of the stranger, atid, with 
the assistance of his dau:,h er, who had Itl'i the dance she 
was engaged in, with great marks of agitation, soon re-' 
stored Sir Ediuard to sense and life. Vewri posse:.seJ 
some little si.ill in surgery, and his daughter prcduced a 
book of receipts in inedicine. Sir Edward, after being 
blooded, was put to bed, -trd tended with everv prcsille 
ca,re by his host ard his faii.ilv. A considemUc degree 
ot fever was the consequence if his accident ; but al'ler 
some days it abijrea j and. in little m< re than a weeic, he 
was able to join iu the society of Venoni and his datigh- 

He could not help expressing some surprise at the ap- 
pearancs of refinement in the conversation of the latter, 
much beynndwhat her situation seemed likely to confer. 
Her fa hor accounted for it. She had received her educa- 
tion in the hon»e of a lady, who hf.ppened to pass through 
•he valley, and to ta!:e sheher in Vc,.<mi'c cottage, 'for hi» 
house was but a better sort of cofi,~e) the night of her 
binh. •' Whan her mother died " ^aiil he. '• the Si^.ora, 
•' whose name, at her desire, we had given the chiloi,- toot 
" her h'-iiie to her own house ; ihtre she was taught ma- 
" ny things, of whith ihere is no reid here ; yc she is 
" not so pfud of her as to with to leave her fa- 
" 'her in his old age j and I hoi>e soon to tavo her set- 
" tld near me for life." 

But Sir Edwat-d had now an cr^nrtunlty of kntiwinj 
LouMo better than from the -descr pion cf her fiiher. 
Music and pa-.ming, in boih of which she was a icl-rablof 
proficient. Sir .E,.'»i,W had studied with success. Louisti 
felt a s rt of pleasure from her drawings, whicli the,, had 
never given her bef re, whef <hey were praised by Sir 
Edward; and the faindy-ta-ttcerts of Venciii were vAy 
different from wha' the, had formerly bei-f, when oiice 
his guest w^as so far r-c.^vei-das lo ' be r.lile to join in 
them. Tiie Hute of Ve in;,i e.\cclled all the other music r>£ ., 
the valley; his daughter's lute was much beyond it :. Siri-f 
Edvoard^s vivJin was finer Mian eithtr But his con^r a- 
tion with Lnuisa — it was tint of a superior order ol*5ic- 

i'lgs I— science, taste, sen-iment ! it was lc>ng since 

/.nw(>n had heard there siuiids ; amidst the ignovance of 
the valley, it was lu.xury to hear them ; frr.m Sir Edv.nrJ, 
wh- wasone of the moste;igaging figures I eversaw, they 
were doubly delightful. In his countenance there was al. 
ways an exjiression animated and inttressin^ ; his sick- 
ness had overcome s( mewhat of the first, but greatly ad- 
ded to the power of the U:ter. 

Louisa's was no less captivating — and Sir EJivard had 
not seen it long without emotion. During his ilhicns he 
thought this emotion but gra'itudev'and when it firs' giew 
warmer, he checked it, from the tii.^ught of her si. nation, 
and of the debt he her. But the striigj^le was loo 
ineflectual to overcome ; ami, of consequence, increased 
his passion. There was but one way*n which the pride 
of Sir Edward allowed of its being gratified. He soii'C- 
tiiries thought of this as a ba^e a;id iinwortv or.e ; but 
he was the fool of words which he had of.en despised, 
the slave of manners he had t-ftcn condemned. He at 
last compromised tnatters wiih himself- he resolved if 
he could, to think no inore of Lnuisa ; at any ra;e, to 
t'liink no more of the ties of gratitude, or the re^tr^iatg of 

[To lie contir.ned.'] 

yOIIN L. COOK isr seaton grantland, 






RICHMOND:— ri/£JD^r. NOVEMBER 20, 1804. 

[Number 11.] 



I -1st. — •• The Minebva" will be neatly printed, 
weekly, on % half-sheet Super.* Koyal paper. 

2 J.— The terms are two DOLLASspcr annum 
be paid in advance. 

3d. — A ha.idsomc t'ule-paje and table of enntsnts 
vil! lie furnished (jT.ati:) at the cojnplelion of each 

moM THE spEcr.iroii. 


I went the other day to visit Eliza, who, in the perfect 
bloom of berfiity, lE the motlier of several children. She 
had a little prating girl upon lier laj), who was begging to 
^ be very fme, tlut she might go abroad : and the indul- 
gent mother, at her little daughter'j rct]uest, had just ta- 
s ken the knots oH'her own head to adorn tl\e hair of the 
pretty trifler. A smiling boy v.-as at the same time ca- 
ressjnga la])-dog, v/hich is thei»- mother*s favorite, be- 
cause it pleases the children ; and she, with a delight in 
her looks, which heightened her beauty, so divided her 
conversation with the two pretty prattlers, as to make 
«hein both equally chearful. 

As I came in, she said with a blush, * Mr. Iroiiside, thb' 
you are an old batchclor, you must not laugh at my ten- 
dentess toniy chiltireu.' I need not tell niy reader what 
dvil thin;5s I said in answer to the lady, wliose matron- 
liltc behaviour gave me infinite satisfaction: since I my- 
self take great pleasure in playing with children, and am 
seldom unprovided with plums and marbles, to make iny 
courtto sncheiitcii.iihing companions. 

"Whence is it, said I to myself when T was alone, that 
the affection of parents IS so intense to their oiispring i 
Isit because they generally Knd such re&eniblances m-w^iat 
they haveproiluced, as that theiebythey think themselves 
renewed in their children, and are wdiiiig to transmit 
themselves to future times ? or is it because they think 
themselves obliged by the dictates of humanity to nourish 
aiid rear what is placed so immediately under their pro- 
tec'-iort ; and what by their means is bi'OLight iiuo this 
world, the scene of misery, of necessity ? These will not 
come up to it. Is it not Ta;hcr the gfiod providence of that 
Being, who in a superemlnent degr^ie protects and che- 
rishes the whole race of mankind, his sons and creatures.' 
How shall we, any other way, account tor this natural af- 
fectiojl, so signally displayed throughout every species of 
the animal creation, i,'iihout which the course of nature 
would quickly fail, and every various k.nd be extinct ? In- 
Gtances of tenderness in the mott savage brutes are so 
frequent, that quotations of that kind are altogether unne- 

!f we, who have particular coneerh in them, take a se' 
'eret delight in observing the gentle dawn of nrascn in 
babes ; if our cars are soothed with their half-forming Si 
tiiming at articulate sounds ; if we are charmed with their 
pretty mliTiickry, and sui-jiriscd at the unexpected starts 
of wit and cunning in these miniatures of man: what 
transports may we imagine in the breasts of those, mto 
whom natural instinct iiath poured tenderness and fond- 
ness for them '. hov,' ami.ible is such a weakness of hu- 
man nature ! or r.Tthcr. how great a weaktiess is it to give 
humanity so reprcachtul a nante 1 The bare considera- 
tion of paternal artection should, methinks, create a more 
grateful tenderness in children towards their parents 
than we generally sec i and the silent whispers of nature 
be attended to, though tlie laws of God and man did not 
call aloud. 

These silent whispers of nature haVe had » marirellous 
power, even when their cause hath b=6n unknown. There 
ate several examples in story, of tender friendships fonn- 
ed betwixt men, who knew not of their near relation ■ 
such accounts conlirin me in an o].inion 1 have long en'- 
tertained, that there is a sympathy betwixt souls, *hich 
cannot be explained by the prejudice of education, the 
sense of duty, or any other human motive. 

The memoirs of a certain French Nobleman, which 
now lie before me, furnish mewith a very entertaining in- 
stance of this secret attraction, implanted bv Providence 
in the human .soul. It will be necessary to inform tlie 
Tcader, that the person whose story I am going to relate 
was one whose roving and romantic temper, joined to a 
tiisimsition singularly amorous, Irud led him through a 
\ast variety of atnours and gallantries. He had, in his 
jcuih, attended aPrinc«ss of France into Poland, where 
he had bean entertai:tcd by the King her husband, »nd 

) inarried a grandee. Upon her death he reuru-d into his 
j native country ; where his intiigues and other misfortunes 

having ctnisumed his paternal estate. henoW- wetit to take 
j care of the fnrune his deceased wife had left him in Po- 
: l?nd. In his journey he was robbed before he reached 
I Warsaw, and lay ill of a fever, when he met with the 

following adrenture ; which I shall relate in his own 

words : 

j •'Ih^dbeen in this condition for foul' days, when the 
I eountets of Venoski passed that way. She was informed 
I flia* a 'stranger of good fashion lay sick, and her chai ity 
led hct to see me. I rcttiembered her, for I had often 
seen her wi'h my (vife, to whom she was nearly relatei' ; 
but when I found she knew me not, I thought tit to con- 
ceal my nairie. ■ 1 tnld her I was a German ; that I had 
been robbed : aj:d -.ha' if she had the charitv to send me 
to Warsaw, the qiteen would acknowledge it ; I having 
the ht-nottr of being known to her Majesty. The coun- 
tess had the goodness to take conqiassionof me, and or- 
d-^ring me to be put in a litter, carried me to Warsaw, 
where I was lod-<ed in her house until niy health should 
allow ntetowait on the queen: 

" My fever increased after my jotlrney was ovfr, and I 
v:a^ coniined to my bed for fifteen tiays. When the 
countess first saw me she had a young lady with her, about 
eighttcn years of age, who was much taller and better 
shaped than tlie Polish women generally arc-. She was 
ven-tair. her skin exceedingly fine, and herairatnl shape 
inexpressibly beautiful. 1 was not so sick as to overlook 
this yoting beaitty ; and I felt in my heart such emotions 
at the firbt view, as made me fear that all my niisfor- had not aim.:d i»e sutlicienily against the channsof 
the fair sex. 

"The amiable creature -ieemed afflicted at mv sic tness ; 
and she appeared to have so mttch care and concern for 
me, as raised in me a grear indma ion and tenderness fn 
her. She came every day in liiy chamber to enquire af 
ter my health t I asked who site wa-;, and X was answer 
ed she was a iliece to the countess of Venoski. 

" I verily believe that the constant sight of this charm- 
ing maid, and the pleasure 1 received from her careful 
attendance, co-itributed more to my reovery than ailthc- 
medicineS the jihysicians gave inc. In short, my fever 
left me, and 1 had the satisfaciiuTi to see the lovelV crea. 
tt:re overjoyed at my recovery. She came to see me of 
tenerasi grew better ; and I already felt a stronger and 
more tender afl'ection for her, than lever bore toanv wo 
man'in iny life : when I began to perceive that her con- 
stant care of me was onlv a blind, to give her *i opjior- 
tunlty of seeing a young Poi- v/Uom I took to beherlo- 
vcr. He seemtd to be much about the same age, of a 
brown complex-ion, very tall, but finely shaped. Every 
time she came to see me, the young gentleman came to 
find her out ; and they usually retired to a corner of the 
chamber, where they seemed to converse with great ear- 
nestness. The aspect of the youth )>!e3sed me wonder- 
fully i and if I Imd not sus[)ected that he was mv rival, 
1 should have taken .delight in his jjcrson and friend- 

" They both of them often asked me if I were in reali- 
ty a German 1 which when 1 con-inued to affirm, they 
seemed very much troubled. One day 1 took notice that 
the young lady and gentleman, having retired to a win- 
dow, were very intent upon a picture ; and eveiy now and 
then they cast their eyes tijmn me, as if they had tound 
some resemblance betwixt that and iny features. I could 
not forbear to ask the meaning of it : u])on which the la- 
dy answered, that if I had been a Frenchma», she .should 
have imagined that I was the person for whom the pic- 
ture was drawn, because ite.tactly resembled mt. I de- 
sired to see it. But how great was niv surprise, when I 
found it to be the very painting which I h;id sent to the 
queen five years before, and which she coimnanded ine 
to get drawn to be given to my children ! After 1 had 
viec'ed the piece, I cast my eves upon the young lady, & 
then upon the young gentleman J had taken for her lover 
My heart beat, and 1 f<^t a secret emotion which filled n e 
with wonder. Ithodght I traced in the two young per- 
sons, some of my own features, and at that moment I 
said to myself, are not these my children ' The tears 
came into my eyes, and 1 was about to run and embrace 
them: bin constraining myself with pain, I askedwhose 
jncture it was 1 The maid, iierceiviiig that I could not 
speak without tears, tell a weeping, ller tears absolutely 
coi<hnned me in my opinion; and falling upon her neck, 
■ Ah my dear child,* said I, • yes, I am your father' I 
could say no more. The youth leiied mv hands at the 
•ame time, and kissing, bathed tlijm with his tears. 
Throughout my life, I neverfrl.a joy equal to this ; autl 



From an English Publication. 
So Tnay soine^tntk ttiuse 
With lucky Korasfavor mjl ilcitincd urn c 

And as he passes turn. 
And bid fair place be to my sable shroud. 

Mrs. Chapone, who died at Hadley, in Mlddlese.v 
in Dec. 25, ISCIl, in her 75th year, has long been kno^^^i 
to the public, as an elegant and highly moral writer The 
first productions of hers, which were given lo the world, 
were, the interesting story cf Fidelia, in the Adventur- 
er ; and a Poem, prefixed to her friend, Mrs. Carter's^ 
production of Epicietus ; but her name only became 
known on the publication of a deservedly popular work. 
Letters on the impicvement of the Mind, addressed ton 
young Lady. 1 his was printed in ir/.l, and will long, 
it IS to be hoped, maintain its place in the library of 
young women. It is distinguished by sound sense, a li- 
beral, as well as a warm spirit of piety, and a ithilosophy 
applied to its best use, the culture of the heart and affec- 
tions. It has no shining eccentricities of thought, no pe- 
culia.ities of system ; it follows experience as its guide, 
and is content topiotluce efli?cls of acknowledged utihty, 
!>y known and approved means. On theoe accounts it is 
perhaps the mbst unexceptionable treatise, that can be put 
itfo the hands of female youth. These letters are parti- 
oularly excellent, in what relates to regulating the temper 
and feelings. Their stile is pure and unafli-ctod, and the 
"latiner gTave and impressive. Those who choose to 
romparethem in this respect, with another widely circu- 
lated publication, a<ldressed about the same time to young 
women, [Doctor Fordyce's Sermons] will prcbablv be 
'f opinion, that the dignified simplicity of the female 
writer is much mote consonant to true taste, than the 
jliected prettiness and constant glitter of the preacher. 
Mrs. Chapone soon after published a volume of Miscella- 
•ies, containii'K one or two moral essays, and some ele- 
';ant poems, which have the merit of many beautiful 
thoughts, and ro ne oiiginal (ma,^es, but seem not to have 
beensnfiicientjy tippreciated by the puhl ic ; for they were 
not greatly noticed, owing periiaps to the mode of their 
publication. It was not then so common as it has been 
since, to mix new matter with old. 

Mrs. Chapone'h maiden name was Miilso j her familr 
was a lespeclable one, in Northamptonshire. Her marri- 
ed lift was short, and not very happy. She pr",bably al- 
luJcdto her own nuptial choice, whea she speake in one 
of her poeins of 

' Prudence slcnii, tha 

cotnes t:)o late.* 

be owned, that i 

, . , more lively emoti- 

ons and pleasuigtendernets than the passiorMi can [lossibly 

■When left a widow, her very limited circumstance* 
prevenied her not from enjoyinga large acquaintance a- 
mong the best circles of society, who admired her for 
her ttilcnts, and respected her for her virtues. 

She understood and relished conversation. Her dis- 
course was seasoned occasionally with a vein of humour; 
and having the advantage (for it is an advantage) of as- 
sociating in early life with the best company, tke ease 
and polish of the gentlewoman accompanieti the talents 
of the writer. Herperson was plain j but in her jou'h 
she had a tine voice, and always had a strong taste for 
music. Mrs. Chapone was one of those women who have 
shewn thatitis impossible to attain a correct and elegant 
style, without an acquaintance with the classics. Tne 
French and the Italian she understood ; and f.oni the lat. 
ter she made tome translations. Mrs. Chapone, Mrs. 
Montague and anoher lady, who stands confessedly at 
the sumniii of iVnialc literature, and upon a par with 
the distinguished ■cliolars of the other sex, were friends 
and intimates : the two foi-mer have left the stage ; but 
their venerable seignior still survives to receive the ho- 
mage of another century. Mrs. Chapone had been Se- 
cliiiing in health for many years. The loss of a beloved 
neice, the lady to whom the letters were addressed, and 
of a more belovetl brother, to whom she was united in 
afl'ection and similarity of taste, hastened the inlirmities 
of age ; and for Some time before her death, she was 
laid aside from society. It is not unusual for those who 
in some | eriod of their lives have fillei a sertain space iii 
the eye of the public, if they have been some time with- 
drawn from it, to glide silently nut of life unnoticed, ex- 
cept by the attendants at their bed side : so was it with 
Chapone. But if there are those of her sex, now hajipf 
wives and mothers, who have in any measure been formed 
to those characters by the early impressions they may 
have received from her writings, they \v\\\ drop a grateful 
tear to the memory of their benefactress, and rttnk liera- 
mong those who, in the French phrase, " have deier\e4 
well of their country." 



For 1804. 



[In the last number of the Minerva, we republished the 
first letter of " The Britisii Spy in Boston-,'' origi- 
naJIy published in the Port folio ; for our paper of to- 
day, we have extracted the second Letter. Much cu. 
riosity will doubtless be eiciled amongst literary men, 
relative to the author of these Letters. Wm the Letter, 
of The British Spy, in Virginia, (originally fubtiibed 
in the Virginia Argm,) and thoK of The British Spy 
i^hoiTOVtViriltcn by tbesanur perton? If this (]iies- 
lion be determined in the affirmative, another ivUici, 
has already received considerable notice may be arain 
discussed ; Wtstbtr the Letters nf The British Spy 
(of Virginia) viereviritten by the gentleman to ■whom fi>iblic 
ofinJonhas generally o«r/toei/(yje,n.?, In language and 
»i:l>ject, these letters bear a strong similarity to c:;ch 
other; with respect to s')le, few writers are Wperior 
in our jpinion,.to Thb British Spy ik Eosto.v.] 
I MUtlnued at the !upre:iic court of Judlcatuie listen- 
ing and observing; until the itni>ortant juncture' when 
Thcophdus Parsons, ■ the oia.nt op the law.' as he 
n ap.l . denominated, opened hi, i.npressive argument. 
iL^^Tt ."^""""y ="^'i'<^. comprehensive, inightv, and 
or,-;,,heissa,d to uiu e a i.iemorv so letentive, that 
what l,e has once added to the rich store of his underst.m- 
dmg, no lapse of tniie, no pressure of occurrences, can -- 
h,V,i',"TVn T- !,"■'■?'"■' "*"!"-"f"s; knowledge ^s the 
inexliaus'.ble fund, whence the unlearned, and th» iido 
lent ootam their daily supplies of ju-tcedentand authorit / ■ 
for he .mparts h,s .ntellecual we.h.h. with the liberal in! 
d,flerence o( one, who feels the u,..ri„lled ascendency of 
ms o%yn attnhu es and aciuirements. I had the pleasure of 
rfhi,T^^', '"•" : ' "" f^™"'"I I"'«ess,the proportion 
vL^ ^M f K '' '" """^3'mem of an intricate cause, 
b.nught for .he enorinous sum of four hundred thousand 
dollars, aga.nst the heir of the ia'e lieu'epam governor of 
the commonweahh. I found the general oplni- ■, nrevi 

thep,.nt.irsrecover.ngmorethan thirtv or fortv thou- 
favJd.illars.and under an inferiof .renins it is to be n-e 
su Tiled Mich would have been the award Ncie I i 

^r'thr'^ere^'" f '"i'l ""';"">- P-f-sional faithfV- 
nias, were uis|.l*yed by Mr. Tar^nns, upon this inte 
resting occasion. The ojiposite council «-cri the " tor ' ,' 
general, and Mr. Satnuel De.Nter, men ,.f dis-iit'l^sh-d 
,,andi-espectal.le standing ; but comi,nied whh the 
brilliancy of his m.n.l. all other vividne.,s appeared din 
Zr^tl "" ""=>5-'"="-" faint and coh.ur ess. rJ 
fine, th. pre-eminent powers of this man, his laborious 
rcrearch, his strong and comprehensive view of each rir 
cumstance, and hisjudicious arrangement of ,h- who e" 
obtained for h.s client the c.-ttraoriiuarv -..un of one h ,n' 
dred ai.dsix thousand dollars, which has almost made ,?e 
a convert tothe opiiion of the gr-at FredLrlc ,mn„ h^ 

ST'Vo' 'e'"'!'"« 'I -^'^-r-bta^ceoTe' Vof 
pr.ius, nor permitting that to inHuence the decre. s of 
Jtlstice. . A, nere statement of facts, given in com"i"- 
j..ace terms, would probably have bestowed on the nTa""! 
tff his forty thousand d.llar., and prevented the FnsI 
, ene of the poor heir at law. Resp' Mr. Parson , 
I fine. It a genera sentimeiu to anticipate tuccess, whe e 
verhe is engaged, and to consider the nilm nf „;,-;„ i 
eidedly his due. Hence, more fori na' teT^^e th> 'h 
alacrity Shall ^rst possess his assistance : an 1 he^c" t°he 

Zv'^jit?;^- \"T'"^'"""''^"''''''= honi;::L'a si! 

diut; with which he devotes hims.lf to the interest of his 
client, would insure him a princelv fortune, were his ths no 
sttion rapacious or in any d.gree avaricious. Bu hlcral 
in his temper, and moderate in his desires srrl,. i. j i 
this honorable profession, his fee, are sa'i not ,?,"'' "^ 

portiona-eto his individtialimportaiKe al":;. :,,tro"f 
every kind a stranger to the character cf his pactice 
and his propensity, practice 

Theonhilus Parsons has been annonnced, bv some fts- 
tid.ous foreigners, as the only lawyer in tl e L,^?,' a 

^:tt,^ m^srSe";:,'^;;:^;:^ ^e ■"''"'■"=^'"^' 

ful in argument, of the greatest in"e,^,'. Tr '"'"'"- 
opponont-Of a wit,ii„pron,p,u aifd sa^L'tic whUe "tl 
a..tonish,ng ni.nd, alwaysat home, now plungin^ into the 
t:l li^htlv'skinv,:- """ I'^^-W.A ji!-ri,,';r de.c. 
eve? fp ior nd i"^'";':;?-:^ «"""'' fi'''"' »f f-cy 
V. , i, ■ .'^ """ '"Vial, even in trifiet win-,. 

id rivalship, it we 
nd nftcction like hsnd-n 

be pre. 

sumed th 

attend, and honours would court his acceptance. This is 
not found, and why it is not, would, to a mere speculative 
understanding, appear absurd or nugatory. Still, for a 
man, thus endowed and dignified, there remain private re- 
spect, individual allcctioii, and universal ajiplause Were 
this a world of angels, it .right be thus ; but Theophilus 
Parsons, with -* mind, in which the amiable, the great, 
and the good, are blended, has constitutional negligences 
character.stic peculiarities, and incidental deficiencies 
Whence, those who shrink from his superioritv, take 
shelter in Ins imperfections, and derive consolation from 
the blcmi..ne5, that appear to mingle with his attributes, himself from the circles of gay life, and never 
partaking the conversation of that se.v, which refines and 
civilizes, no attentions are lavished upon his person, no 
regard bestowed upon the decorums of fashion, and tho' 
not naturally iigl, , he becomes, by these means, bo;h un. 
couth and unpolished ; and, whilethe snbhmity of hisee- 
nius should entitle hitn to undiminished admiration, the 
cut of his coat, the strangeness of his wig, or the tolor of 
his neckcloth, arc the objects of exulting remark, and the 
subjects of reprehension. In this respect, as in many o- 
thers, ike the Chief Justice of the United States, Mr. Par- 
sons disregards or despises every external- attention to 
dress or address, appearing in his own person rsther to 
consult what will deform or repel, than the neatness of 
.labiliment, or the gTace of decoration. It may be urged 
by the betore-named philosopher, thaftralv the coat, a 
man happens to put on,does UGt change the original cha- 
racterot his mind— possibiv, not wholly or essentially, yet 
w« are told by the poet, 

" Exe-.i from, the body's fnirity, the nind 
Hewvesa secret, sympathetic aid." 

ricnce, a careless disregard to cleanliness, and proprie. 
ty pt apparel, has a tendency to diminish self-respect, and 
mdirecily deprive us of the estimation of others, bv ge- 
nerating familiarity, and contraclin-' thatdlstance Whil-h 
separates the e.vtreme of character. To speak the plain 
language of truth and e.^inerience, it is most certain, that 
While wecon.senl to live with the men of thi.s world, and 
to be seen by the women of it, a moderate and modest ai 
tention to its fashions, its customs, its social and its piib- 
t"^il'T"''^'""r'^' '^ ""PwtMt to the greatest, as much as 
tome least, if we would command respect, conciliate eo- 
teeni.oreventobei-cscuedfrom the cutting coiKemjit of 
(lensmn. Theophilus Parsons is beyond aU this i plant 
ing nis pl(r_sure where his iotMiir* have grown so thick 
"/")',-/,;,.-.. decidedly the greaiest man in Massachusetts 
itcsiring no recreation,^ and ordinary delights, it may be 
asked, xvhyis he not called to grace, and to govern, ei- 
ther in the cabinet, or tho senates of the nation- Asa 
rhetorician, more solid than cruamental, his voice not 
mclod.ou! but powerful, and less provincial than many 
of h.s brethren, hiS manner irresistibly impressive, anil 
ins political knowledge in proportion to his other acnuire- 
incnts, why are elevated properties confined tothe 
ordinary or extraordinary calls of jurisprudence ? Of this 
problem, frequently urged by me in different societies, I 
have obtai,-ed the following solution. Mr. Par.sons has 
long been the leader of a jiolitical • Junto," as it is term- 
ed, which, in avowed opposition to the republican or de- 
mocnu.c powers that now hold the reins, and direct the 
veiiicicol the supreme authoritv, nosiuiation, adequate to 
hisroeritandpre.ension, Canbeofced for his advance, 
mcnt.and why he was not sought tinder the foiiner ad- 
ministration, 15 to be accounted for on other principles, 
since, as a distinguished member of the convention foi' 
torming the present Federal Constitution, his |)olitical- 
knowledge was greatly consp-.tuoUS;. but disdaining the 
lure of office, and inemulous of public honours, though 
persevering and infle.xible in his party-opinions, he seeks 
no personal b.ine.St, is tt.o elevated for patronage, and too 
independent for recomp-^nce. This is well understood ; 
and when Mr. Adams in the i.ate and last hours of his 
perished authority, attempted to bestow upon him a tran- 
sient, and perhaps eqiivocal advancement, with that 
straigntness, and dignity of mind, which are trulv his 
own, he instantly rejected the benefit, tha-, induced bv no 
personal friendship, could confer no additional honour. 

Finallv,it is my opinion, and you, my dear S , 

will value It according to its worth, that among the first 
civdians of our country and before the greatest judiciarv 
It has ever produced, Theophilus Parson, would be esti- 
tnated, honoured, and preferred, as one, whose attributes 
entiled him to the ennobling character of a ghkat law- 


[To be continued.] 

Definition of a Tnodern Lady of fashion. 
If a tnodern lady of fashion was to be called to account 
for the disposition of her time. I imagine her defence 
Z'I/h '" "■'i\."rl== I can't, you know, be out of 
the world, nor act differently from everv body in it. Th e 
hours are very late— consequently I rise late I have 
scarce breakfasted before morning visits begin, or 'tis 
time to go to an auction, or a concert, or to take a little 

ranirf "■■■■ ''?'"'■ ""■'■"'"ff ■">• h^i^ i= => l™g ope- 
ranon,i,ut one can t appelr with a head unlike every body 
'ISO. One must toimtunes go to a play, or an opcr» ; 

igh I own it hurries one to death. Tlien what with 
necessary visits— the perpetual engagements to card-par- 
ties at private houtes — and attendance on public assmbliet 
to which all people cf fashion subscribe, the evenings, you 
see. arc fully disposed of. What time then can 1 possii 
biy have (nr what you call domestic duties ! You talk of 
the offices and enjovmcnts of friendship— alas ! I have no 
hours left for friends ! I must see them in a crowd, or 
not at all. As to cultivating the friendship of my hus- 
band, we are very civil when we meet / but sve are birh 
too much engaged to spend much time with each other. 
With regard to my daughters, I have given them a 
trench governess, and proper masters— I can do no more 
lor them. Voutell me, I should instruct my servants- 
but I have not time to inform mvself, much' less can I 
undertake any thing of that sort for them, or even be able 
to guess what they do with themselves the greaiest part 
of the twenty-faur hours. I go to church, if posslblcouce 
on a Sunday, and then some of my servants attend me ; 
and if they will not mind what the preacher says, how can 
I help it ; The management of our fortune, as far as I 
am concerned, linust leave to the steward and house, 
keeper ; for I find I can barely snatch a quarter of an 
hour just to look over the bill of fare when t am to have 
company, that they may not send u]) any one thing fii;'ht. 
ful or old-fashioned. As to the Christian diiy of chVi- 
ty, I assure you I am not ill-natured i and (coiisidciiiTv 
the e.tpence of being alw ays dressed for comjiany, with 
losses at cards, subscriptions, and public spec'aclos, leave 
me very little to di.spnse of) I am ready enough to give 
my money when I meet with a miserable rbj.-ct. You 
say I should enquire out such, inform mjscif thornighly 
of their cases, mak? an acquaintance v, ith the poor ofmy 
ne.ghbourhood in the country, and plan out the best me- 
thods of relievinjj the unfortunate, and assisting the indus- 
trious. But this sujiposes much more time and much 
iTioremorey, than I have to bcsiow. I have had hopes 
indeed, that my summers would have afforded me mors 
leisure ; bu; we. stay pretty late in town ; ihen we gene- 
rally pass reverafwceks at one or other of the wa'er- 
drinking places, where every moment is spent in public } 
and, for the few months, in which we reside at our own 
seat, our house is always full, with a succession of com- 
]jany, to whose amusement one is obliged to dedicate eve- 
ry ho»r of the day. 

What Goldsmith has finely observed of the Swin. m»y 
be applied to the symmetrical figure of a beautiful wo-' 

In the CNhibition of her form there are no broken or 

harsh lines: no constrained or catching motions; but 

roundest contours, and the easiest transitions. The 

^..> w.auJers over every feature wiih insatiable pleasure 

and every part takes iww grace from new motion. 

n'IsracVi, describing a female delineator, has the fol- 
..nving picturesque expressions. 

' While the fair painter was occupied in descanting on 
the beauties of Mary and Cleopatra, she rolled on hcrlo-. 
ver two orbs of beauty so sparkling, that neirher those of 
Mary or Cleopatra could have told more in.cliifenily, th« 
secrets of a bosom, that had gradually quitted its gauze.' 

The Dutches of Devonshire, while watting in her car- 
riage one day in the streets of London, observed a Dust- 
man, with a short jiipe in his hand, looking at her. Ha- 
ving gazed a few seconds with intcnsencss, he broke 
into a smile, and said •• Lord love ycur ladyship, I wish 
you would let me light my pijie at your eyes,*'' Hei' 
grace took it in good part, and ■\\as so pleased v;ith ther 
w himsical frankness of the compliment, that when any 
thing civil is said to her, she often remarks '* Very well : 
but nothing like the Dustman." 

IN Mts. Mtn-rav's Guide 
em Highlands of Scotland, 
in'erspersed, and iraditior 
manner, one ofwhicli we 

s, related in a spvight!/ 
ibed :— 

*» Every length of the boat hrought us something nc\w 
to admire : but when I came to the poli^t called Qenien 
Gore (peak of Godfrey) I was lost in admiration. The 
peak, and the formation of ;he rocks, fromth-top tothe 
bottom, many of them columna'-, amar.ed and delightc I 
me. The seamen lay on their oars while I g.i7,ed ; anil 
they were almost as much jistonished at myraptui*es, art 
I was at the wonderful appearancenfBcnian'-Gore. What: 
a leap, though t I was that of Godfrey ! In ages past, tho 
M'Leansof Loch Buq where absolute monaichs of th» 
south side of Mull, and in those .lays himcihg d.»,»r v'-a^ 
their amusement and support. Loch Buq commanded :\ 
great chace and gave strict charge to an attendant named 
Gore, (Godfrey) not to suffer a slag to escape through a 
certain pass, and at the same time declared, if such i 
thing happened. Gore should forfeit his life. Gore icok 
hisslation,but notwithstanding all his caution, somiedecr 
forced the pass, and made their escape. Gore did not lose 
his life, but he was ignomiiiiously chastised in the pre- 
,sence of the chieftain, and his assembled clan, on the sum- 
mit of the ptak. The proud Kigl^land blood of Gere 
boiled at the indignity he had sustained in the sight of bi»' 




ul.i ha 


chief andclan. Deatli in his opii 
honorable, but the sting of dissrace was inure than h( 
couldbear. Young ami old were asseinbk-d to see the 
chace, and pour Gore's shameful chastisement. Amongst 
the rest was aiiurse, with the infant son of the chief in 
her arms. Gore watches his opportunity, snatched 
Lrch Bu<]'i child from the arms of his nurse and with 
him in his hands leaped amongst ths rocks of the peak 
on a shelf far below the astonished spectator!. 
came safely upon his feet, wiih the babe in his hand, and 
there held ills virtiin in triumph. Reward and hnnouis 
were oflered, tears and intreaties were poured forth by 
the distracted p^irents to Gore to save ind restore their 
onlv son. At length he seemed to relent, and declared 
if Loch Bnq was brought wiihin his sight and chastised 
in the same ignominious tnanner he should be satisHed. 
The jiarent, for the sake ol his child, readily submitted to 
be treaicdprccisolvas Gore had been, and then required 
the restoration of his son ; Gore with a smile of triumph 
andcontemjK, raised thechddin his hand atarms length 
in the air, and with a shout threw himself over the peak. 
Both Gore and the child were dashed in pieces long be- 
fore thev reached the sea. Such deeds wear the rcsem- 
biance of fable : but those who ar- well acquainted with 
the life and manners of remote Highlanders befjre the 
year 174S, will notthinic tlieim wholly incredible." 


As a Mr. Thomas Ten Eyck was driving furiously 
through Broadway yesterday between 12 and one o'clock, 
lie snddenlv turned down Hector-street, and ru.i over a 
child (a fiiie boy of about 8 years of age) of Mr. Mon- 
teil-o's ; fractured his scull, and otherwise injured hiin. 
Yet the in,fa/ conduct of this man was such, tha: 'le ne- 
ver stoped one mornent.but drove on as if nothing had 
happened. The humanity of a Mr. Myers from Virgi- 
ria, and others, coining up at jhe monit;ilt, tool; care of 
the child, and carried him to Doctor Hosack's, where his 
■wouiids were dressed, and v.- here he now lies dau'-erously 
ill. [//. r. Guz.} 


V.'ere 1 to describe the blessings I desire in life, I 
■would be happy in a few, but faithful friends. Might I 
choose my talent, it should rather be good sense, than 
learnin.f^. I would consult, in the choice of my houso, 
convenience rather than st^te ; and f.u- mv circumstances, 
desire a moderutt Ijut independent fortune. — Business — | 
enoogTi tn scctne ire fron*i indolence, and leisure enou^.i 
always to have an Vourto spare. - 1 would liaveno master, 
and I desire btit few servants, I would not be led away 
by ambition nor pei-plexed wi.h disputes. I woiild enjoy 
the blessing of health, but would rather be beholden for it 
to a regular life and an easy mind, than to the school of 
Hippocrates. As tomy passions, since we cannot be wholly 
riivfs'edofthem, I would hate only those whose manners 
rendered them odious, and love only where I know I ought, 
"i'hus would I pass cheerfully through that portion of my 
life »'hich cannot last always, and with resignation wait 
fcr that which will Idst forever. 

The following ven- curious fact is communicated hy a re- 
spectable gentleman in the neighbourhood of Bland- 
ford. We give the relation in's own words : 
" James Cox, Mr. Grnsvenor's under keeper, in his 
road to speak to me last Friday, [the 5th inst.] heard an 
old patridgt in distress, over the hedge in a piece of oats, 
and iudging that soiVie enemy was among her young, he 
leaped over to examine into tht matter ; but seeing no- 
thing, and still finding the old bird running aroundin the 
same continued distress, he loookcd rhore minutely among 
tlie corn, and at last found a large snake in the midst of 
the infant brood. And willing to see if any mischief had 
been done, he immediately cot open the snake's belly, 
when to his ir.3xpre5sible Einprise, two young partridges 
ran from their horrid prisoh, and joined their distressed 
moiher, apparently very well : and two others were found 
in the same rU]jacious maw, quite dead. Strange as this 
may appear, it is not more curious than really true !" 

JLnnd. Pap. 

The German I'rinccEsterhaity has the largest flocks 
^f bheep possessed by any one person in any part of the 
world. His Highness attended the Woburn sheep-shear- 
ing in 1804, when he asked the Duke of Bedford ■• of 
What number his flock consisted '" His Grace rcjilied, 
<• 600." •• What number of shepherds i" The answer 
was " one." " Probably," says the Duke, " your High- 
ness may hav« a flock on your estate." " Yes," replied 
the foriigner, " I have in Saxofiy ; it consisted of 150,000 
sheep, and for the due raajtagement of which, I keep 
600 shepherds !■" 

A humorous auth'tyr compares love to the r.mall.pox. 
The longer it is in making its appearance, the more vio- 
lent is the disorder. 


AS a subject of considerable impor- 
tance, (since the estahlishn.ent of your useful pa- 
per) has been my chief study, I have now my hrst num- 
ber jjrepared for the perusal of the fairse.x. I commence 
the .subject by asking a simple question, " Whether a wo- 
man ot fashion ought not to be declared a public enemy .'" 
There is a way of asking questions in which the answer 
is plainly implied, and this I take to be an t.vample. If 
then we allow that a woman of fashion is a public enemy, 
I hope no one wilt deny the counterposiuon, that a woman 
of virtue and prud;nce is a public good. Give me leave 
to state one plain fact, " that the infliwuK if the fair nrx 
over tie men h givat ami univermi." 1 his, I sujjpose, 
none of your readers will deny. He that has a heart to 
feel, will be convinced of it as it relates to himself, and 
and hi that has eyes to see may be covinced of it in rela- 
tion to others. The greatest and best of men are so far 
from concealing the influence which femal; charms pos- 
sess over them, that they devote much of their time and 
attention JO female company. In a word, to tlic 
fair sex, and a desire to he in their favor, is the universal 
passion ; fir even the old gentleman, in his e-oulv flan- 
nels, nr hobbling on his cruiches, though Conscious liiat 
he can no longer captivate, hopes tha» by gentle gailanir; 
he may yet be agreeab.e. The man wlio is odious to the 
fair sex, who never strives to appear pleasing in their 
eyes, and whi boasrs of the impenetrability of his heart, 
is one of hose unfortunate beings of whom society has no 
inclination to boast. I shall now endeavour to prove, that 
this power which the fair s«.x ha»e over us, may be used 
to gi eater and better jiurposes, than it has heretofore 
been employed to promote. I am persuaded that nothing 
short of a general reformation of manners would take 
place, were the ladies to use their power, in di.,cuurloin' 
licentious manners. Men of vice and fashion, (for these 
qualities are almost always united) have long entertained 
a notion, that a rake is a character much more pleasing 
to the ladies, than a sober, virtiious man. Hiw well \- 
is founded, I leave to my fair readers to determine. Some 
observations must not be omitted. In public places, par- 
ticularly in the Theatre, it is nothing u.icomnion tu see 
gentlemen of sp(rit who belong to a party of virtuous la- 
dies, leave them between the acrs, and pay their respects 
to those tawdry females in the ga Itry, whocomeJro make 
a market of their saleable charms. And this may be seen 
by the jiarty they had before left, who on their return, 
e;;press no other sense of disapprobation, than perhaps h\ 
a pat with the fan on the cheek, or the appellation of a 
w ild fellow, which he considers rather as marks of fa- 
vour. Distinctions are thusdoneaway betwixt virtue and 
vice : the former is robbed of its dignity, and the latter 
is clothed with the spoils. If the ladies were to exert 
their power in thisand in all oLlier instances, pnbl clic.ei:- 
tiousness would in a certain d':^gree vanish. Private vice 
might not be uninterrupted, indeed, hut an object of inti- 
nite importance would be attained. The niisciiicf result- 
ing from the exa-;.ple of vice in superiors would iSe pre- 
vented. It y.-oiildbe nolongor honorable to makeanopen 
shew of one's follies. Ana this might be easilv accum- 
lilisheil, were the ladies to discourage such behaviour, as 
an insult offered to themselves — an insult publicly offered 
to the married state, and a tacit avowal of principles, 
which are the bane of polished life, and the source of fe- 
male ruin. I would have every one guilty of sucli conduct, 
to be considered not as a wild gav voung fellow, who had 
amused himself with a little harmless gallantr.- ; but as a 
cod, deliberate profligate, who thought he bought piea- 
surs cheap, at the expence of the infamy and ruin of some 
misguided and unsuspecting female. 

To be thus considered by the virfuotis part of the sex ; 
to have such a stigma fixed upon them, would be a more 
severe punishment than outlaws can inflict, and more ef- 
fectually discourage jiublic licentiousness, than volumes 
of morality. The most abandonetl rake cannot endure 
censure from the sex he pretends to adore. The most con- 
s-immate impudence cannot face the frowns of that sex, 
to ])lease whom is so much the ambition of all mankinrl. 
Were 1 to contract every argument on this head, into the 
compassof a few words, I would thus address the ladxs ; 
' consult the dignity of your sex : consider that men in ge- 
' neral would be just what you please to make them 
' Teach them, then, that it is not by a public display of 
' the proofs of licentious gallantry that you are to be won. 
' Teach themthat you do not valile them in proportion to 
' the ruin they have occasioned, ?c that you are not to be 
' amused, at the expence of another's sorrow.' By tltis 
rule of conduct, your pow«r over our sex will be enlarged 
and )jromoted. Ptiblic decency will then be a fashion — 
and public virtue the only example. 


The fcllowing very curious paragraph is copied from 
The Balance tj* Cohtpibian Repository, aLiterary and 
political paper, published in Hudson, New York, by 
Harry Crosvictt. 

• A SPORTING FAin ONI. — A late London papermen- 
' lions a " fnost capital'^ horse race, in which Mrs. Thorn- 

' ton, wife of Col. Thornton, rode one of the horses iii 
•a- very superior St) le." Aswe are very fond of fo). 

■ lowing European customs in this country, and as horse- 

■ racing is very fashionable at the southw ard, we shall not 
" be surprized if we soon see accounts of Virginia female 
• jacHes, running heats, winning purses, &c. &c.' 

It is much to be regretted that local prejudices should 
sometimes bias the senses of men, so far as to make them 
transgress the bounds of decorum. Bv what r»otive the 
Editor of • The Balance' was actuated in making the fore- 
going illiberal and unfounded surmises, is difficult to de- 
termine. Decs Mr. Croswell mean to insinu'te that the 
ladies of Virginia are less distinguished bv feminine mo- 
desty than tho^eof New-York I Docs he' wish to convey 
an idea, that th- female virtues are more r.aie in the south- 
ern than in the nothern slates ; If this be his intention, 
we assert that the principle is/a/»c, and we defy him to 
protUice his proofs. 

But perhaps the Editor of • The Baiance' meant no 
harm» ; he probably only sought an opportunity of shew- 
ing his io/( .• but if this be the case, Mr Crcswell hunself 
must acknowledge, that it was highlv impolite in him to 
jilay oil his joke at thi? expence of the Vir^-lnwn ladies. 
An enlightened and liberal man contemplates virtue with 
equal veneration, and ahlK rs vice with equal delegation in 
every partof the globe. He docs not eulogise or slandera 
whole iietjile because tl.ey inhabit a cotniiry a few bun- 
ilred miles north or south of his own. In Virgir.ia it is 
considered in the highest degree indecorous, to cast the 
smallest uimieri;etl sarcasm or censure, on the character 
of an individual ic male :— for the honor of the American 
name, we hope that this valuable ma> im ofpoliieness is 
practiced as vvell in New-Yrrk as ineverv one of cur sis- 
ter stales, altho' the Editorof < The Balance' has in iliis 
instance, given us so unfavorable a specimen of Northern 
liberality and good-breeding. If it be indecent to utter 
verbal insinuations to the prejndice of an individual wo- 
man, how far more criminal is it, Mr. Croswell, topub- 
lish an unfounded slander against a community oi fe- 
males, with whose customs j-oii arc uttcily unacquainted, 
aftd to whose virtues cr foibles ; tu tire an entire stranjjer ? 

. . DIED, 

On the J9tli October last, in Wasjiington Cruntv T,fr» 
liza Henry Smith, consort of C.ipt. Francis Sini.h.'ani 
aughtcr of Mr. Uusiel. 



- Louden Papers to September 16 s'a'e, that a lettet 
from Riifiia of the iOili ult. mentions that a new treaty 
of alliance between England and Rv.'-siajn-as on the tap's. 
and that his imperial majesv) had invited the court of 
Vicnnaand Berlin, to become par.ics. \ secret ex- 
pedition was said tob^ in conteil'jila^tn, and a mretiug 
suimosed for deliljeraiitm on the subject had taken place at 
\Va'lmer castle, between Mr. Pi i,. Lo-d Mtlvil].-, Sir 

Home Popham, and Sir Sydney Smi'h. fi me loose 

rumours have been in circiilaiion at the fxchai.gc at 
London, of a peace beiBg likely to take place, but they 
were considered merely as originating in the speculating 
business of dealers in stock. 


It was reported at , Hudson, says fie New-Yi rk M^r- 
caniile Advertiser, a few days since, said to lie otr in- 
formation communicated b> a gentleman high in office in. 
this state, that Louisiana had been if ceded to the Spa- 
nish government, for the sum cf twenty Bye nVtJlion* rf 
Dollars. The American gov. •rnment reserving Florida 

and the Island of _New Qileaus. The pri^i ■eri-ig 

from Earracoa against the commerce of the Uniied .S ates 
itis said, is now almost relirqviished ; and this measure 
it attributed to the logic of the American cannon, which; 
we understand, frequenllvcarrv convctioa jn'o that prac- 
tical part of the world. The schotncr Pjlly. Bush, 

which went otitwith the Biitiili fii-^a-cs, has returned. 
She left them on Wednesday morning oH' lUtjck Island, 
proceeding from Halifax, the/ having put into NtJw^port: 

on Tuesday night. Tltc French friga'es Didon and 

Cvbelle,went through the Hcll-gate on Fniav af-cmcjon, 
a quarter past 3 o'clock, and are now probably ?t sea. 
The English ships in Sandv Hook, could not gff under 
way, on account of wind and ti \.-. The Frenchmen 

have had most favorable winds to eftec their escape. 

Captain Living from Porto Rico inf.-rms that two 
Spanish ships from Etirope, laden with wine, Stc. touched 
at Porto Rico, one bound for St. Jago de Cuba, the o'her 
for Havanna, were both captured bv the Bri'^ands and 
carried into Atix-Caves ; the crew of whitfli were march- 
ed about 20 miles back into the country, imprisoned, and 
put upon an allowance of half a pouml of bread per day. 
A number of smaller vessels, belonging to Porto Rico, 
have lately been captured bv the Brigands and ihe crev.'? 

murdered— Late accounts from Cadi/ mention the 

arrival of Mr. I'inckney from Madrid, on his wa) i" t-* 
United Statcb. 





« — ifr 


From f on lilj^i hill tlic orient dawn 
But fainti) streaks the azure heaven^ 

And Mo\T acroj.sthe dewy tawn 
The Shcphtrd's fleecy pride is driven. 

Sweet is the hour of infant day. 

And sweet ail Nature's calm repose ; 

I'll to the t.itldift''» suiii]nitstKi,\, ' 

Eretliehr&t sunbeam grcrts the rose. 

O \ how sublime the opening* view ! 

The iiDr.ling; rays expamling^ wide ? 
Tlic loni!: (frassglitierii.g with the dtw ! 

The clouda ihw ^inge thcmoutitaan's 8id« ! 

The fojjs fantastic shapes assume,. 

As iu the west they in:lt away. 
And soon the nights departing gloonv 

Is li>st amidst the blaze of day. 

The twinkling st.irs now scarcely gleam,' 

The moon a paler lustre wears. 
And from ilb\'isionary dream 

Awakca tkebuwlidg worjifof cares. 

The lowing lieRls their pasture seek, 

AndslAwly wind alon-jhe vale: 
Wilh careless heart and glowing cheek, 

'Che milk-maid wields the flowing pail: 

Daiighierof Innocence and Heal h, 
Thv hrcast no nuiklin? gricfi annoy,. 

The rural viruses form thy ■■■• ,|ih. 
And crown thee w ith uufadiiig joy. 

The gaudy dame who sleeps till noon, 

Ht^rshatler'dsystero-to repair. 
Who keeps her\igils with the moon,. 

And scorns thy task ;a>d-iustic fare. 

In vain m?.y envy thee a blu-ih 

That mantles in thy smiling face i. 

Tq her .ilnne the hectic flush 
Can yield* a momeatHry grace. 

Her nights of riot, days of rest 

By slow degrees lier Health consume t 

Coi-rosivc passions gnaw her breast. 
And lay her in an early tomb : 

Whilst thon, wiihin thy lowly sphere. 
The pride of some untutored swair^,. 

Enjoy'st with feeling heart sincere, 
A bliss uhknown^.o fishion's triini. 

Give me, kind Heaven ! a gentle maid. 
Like this, unknown to wealth or fatnir, 

"We'll seek some s\veet sequestev'd shade, 
Norcourt an evanescent^iame. 

The field of glory— Fortune's sphere. 

Shall ne'er my wandering steps- cective c 

To joi.1 in Folly's mad career,. 

rll ne'er my luimble cottagt leave. 

Th« blandishments of wealth or power. 
Shall ne'er seduce my constant heart. 

The joys they give hut List an hour. 
And everlasting cares impart. 

Domestic love shall forn« the .spell, 
'lo charm each Utile grief to lest. 

Content beneath our roof shall dwell. 

And animate each happy guMt. * 

A friend, endear'd by sacred ties, 
Shall nightly ope my cottage door s 

I'll envy not the grejt or wise. 
But bless my lot, and God adore. 


STANZAS.-iY t. t. eotjariiR. 

So you say, that my looks irow no longer coiivev that on-.-e was to ytmmost delightin, j 

This yon say, but forjet, at the same time^tosay. 
How long you have ceased to bealto invrting.' 

Re-tore me the dimple that pla^on the cktek. 
And the eyes in mild lustre so gratefully beai«inr, 

JtiKl the tongue 'lai m arrenr^of „,....;.. ....^ .1 1 l 

«iri, fi . '"'"'•"^'^emsot music would speak, 
■VVhcn of love ^ of kope my fond bo»or» wu iimnxng. 

Yes, be the same girl that I once could adore. 
My eyes & my heirt by thy beauties enchaining. 

Be this ! and, in.conscience, I think that no more 

Any cauie wilt thou find for reproof and complaining. 

O that titne, which can reason and friendship mature. 
Should the frailty of softer affection discover, 

Should declare that, however important atul pure. 
Too vain arc the sighi and the tows of the lover. 

And yet, on reflaction, perhaps I gave ris« 

To the change and the evils I thus am lamenting j 

Obscur'd the sweet radiance that shone in those e>es. 
And uught to that tongue the sad ait of termcuting. 

If so, and my girl, can the truant forgive. 
Who too long may her charms h. her gi-ace have slighted. 
He win now do his best in coniritiontolive, 

Aiulbe w-tli those charius and those graces 4eligbted. 

Kow sweet the stidden grateful tear. 

Fresh springing in the eye ! 
That trembling stands, as if for fear. 

It biighlen'd but to die. 

Till gently stealing down the cheek. 

And glist'ning as it flows. 
It seems to sa) , *' my home I seek, 

' Twas from the heart I rose 1" 





Lomra.vho trusted to both, now communicated to Sir 
Ji.lward an important secret. It was at the close of a 
piece of music, which they had been playing in the ab- 
senceof her father. She took upherhite, andtouched a 
little wild me.anchory air, which she had composed to the 
memory of her mother. ■ That,' said she, ■ luibody ever 
■ heard except my fatlter ; I plav it someliiins when I 

• am alone, and in low spirits. 1 don't kow how I came 
■to think of ,t now ; yet 1 hare same reason to be sad.' 
Sir £</Trairfiressed to know the cause; after some hesi- 
tation she told it all. Her father had fixed on the son of 
a neighbour rich in posiessions, but rude in manners, for 
her husband. Agamst this match she had always pro- 
tested as strongly, as a sense of duiv, and the mildness of 
her n«tu«, would allow ; but Venoil; was obstinately bent 
on the i.nalc^i, and she was wrelched from the thoughts 
"' " ' To marry, where one cannot love,— to marry 

• such a man, Sir£rfa.„,rf." n was an oiiportunitv be- 

yond his power ot resistance. SirjErf^awJ pressed her 
hand: said it woil^d be profanation to think of siich a 
marriage i praised her beauty, extolled her virtues • and 
concluded by swearing he adored her. She heard him 
with unsuspecting pleasurcwhich her blushes could ill con- 
ceal.— Sir iAi.<7i</ improved the favorable moment ; talk- 
ed of the ardency ofhis f;assi<-„, the insignificancy of 
ceremonies and forms, the i.i,ff,cacy of legal engagements 
the eternal duration of those dictated bv love and in 
Bne, urg.d her going oS' with him, to c^own both their 
days with hajipiness. LouUa started at the proposal. 
She would have repioaclved him, but her heart was not 
made font ; she ceuld only weep. 

. ' ''«y ';'"< interrupted by the arrival of her father, with 
his intended son-ui-law. Ke wasjustsuch aman as 2w' 
la hatJ represented hini, coarse, vulgar and ignorant But 
I'e/.™,, though much above their neighbour in every thi,!- 
butnches, looked on him as poorer men often lookonthl 
wealthy, and discovered none of his imperfections. He 
toolihisdaughter aside, told her he had brought her fu- 
ture husband, and he i.ttended they should be marriei in 
a week at farthest. 

ch^'b'er'"sir"//™i"'"'"'"''"''"'^'^' =•"'' '^'P"^'-- 
Chamber. Sir £,fear</ was now pei-fecilv recovered He 
wa. engaged to go out with Kern,,,;,, but, before hisdenar- 
tnre, he took up his violin, and touched a few n aiCe 
notes on it. They were heard by Lom.a. P'=^""'Ve 

rows ..lone. She had reached a sequestered spot, where 

sTreT„]'£"'''""'^^ * '^'"<"•"" "•' ^'^"^^"^ "'"" 
stream that watered the valley. A nightingale was iiercli 

ed on one of them and had already bfgun fs accusfomed 

song i,o,„.3 sat down on a withered stimm. leaning her 

cheek upon her hand. After a little while, the bidwa 

scared from its perch, and flitted from the tkicket Li'^L 

ind b:heid'srrS""';"'' ^"■^' ""- ■"" • ^'- '--^'^ 

anaoeheldS,rii</,„„rf. His countenance had much of 
on rte ^"^°"', ' ''"''' "'"^" '" "==^ her hand, he cast 
soelL h . f r *""'°'>' '■'°'^' =""* ^•■emed unable to 
W. «?h "*^''- '.^" >°"^«"' ^'" -^'/u.ori.i" said 
saThe' "h, / '■°l"f^">.' »"'' hrokcn.— I am ill indeed,' 
cure me „f 1^' ?'" " """ "'« "•'"=*• L""'^" """« 

• iT- 1 . "'• ^ ="" "«t^hed, but I deserve tolie so ; 

• L,r7r ■" .•"•'■">'.'*^<"''»"P«i'l'tv, and every obliga- 
tion of gratituae. I have dared to wish for haDl.iness 

' »»** '" 'P*^ *"»« I wished, though it wounded the heari 

' of my dearest benefactress— but I will make a severe ex. 
' piation. This moment I leaveyou LouUa .' 1 go to be 
. wretched ; but yoi may be happy, h-vppy in )our dury 
. to a farther, happy, it may be, in the armsof a husband, 
. whom the possession of such a wife may teach reline- 
< ment and sensibility. — 1 go to my native couniry, to hur. 
, ry through scenes of irksome business or tasteless a- 

rausement; that I may, if possible, procure a sort of half 
. oblivion of that happiness which I have leu behind a 
. bstless endurance of that life which I once drean'ied 
, might be made delightful with Louha. 

Tears were the only answer she could give. Sir £</- 
yarJ', servants appeared, with a carriage, ready for hie 
depariure. He took from his pocket two piciu'res ; one 
he had drawn of Loyha, he fastened rouud his neck, and 
kissing it with raptare, hid it in his bosom. The other ho 
held out m a hesitating manner. ■ This,' said he ■ if 
• Lo:.i,a will accept of it may sonuetimes put her in i^ind 
■ of him who once olfendcd, « ho .an never ceuse to adore 
■her. She m.v look on It, perhaps, after the original 

IS no more; when this heart shall have forgot to lore 
' and cease to be wretched.' 

Lo,,!sa was at last overcome. Her face was first pale 
as death; then suddenly it was crossed with a criimon 
blush. ' Oh ! Sir £<!ii'anl r said she, ■ What— what 
would yotihave rue do ."—He eagerly leixed her hand, and 
led her, reluctant, to the carriage, i'hev entered it, and 
driving off wi;ii furious speed, were soon out of sight of 
those hillswhich pastured the flocks of the unfot-tunate 



Maj be had at tie Ojjice vf tic Minerva. 



For publishing by subscriptioit, 






ON the advantages of a work, whose character it i^ 
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Several mistakes, which had crept imothe former edi- 
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PnOMrxwEss am» Acei'iiAcr. 

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[Number 12.] 

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2d. — ^The terms are TWO DOLtARS per annum to ,$ 
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Wit. .'.UITOit, 

TheAdvamages nf reHrcuient have been ex- 
patiated upiin b ' many writers on moral topics, who ve- 
ry justly argue iluit it becomes a . rational creature to de- 
volve some lime to meditation upon past aciioiis, of 
which he is to [;ive an account, and to prepare f(;r ieavinjj 
a world, to which he is no nure to return. All this is very 
e«rl/ ci:npfh«;iued. the mu.iy other fine arguments 
iii favor .f reti:c!»cnt iiiaJc a great impression upon me 
at onetime. I sheulil have been very happy indeed, to 
havccnnftrroed ihcm by my own experience, had it not 
beeii for oneii-ilc eircli.iis:aticc of considerable moment, 
in order tosei:l« the qu.;s:iou, namely, that after along 
Miisl, 1 fiund rv'TiiemenlimpracticivLie. 
i Jii former di.s I was a tradesntaa in the city of Lon- 
doAwftnd f»r ili.uiv years carried on business with increas- 
iiiK |it)spdri!y. I may say, itldeed, that every thing suc- 
■ cemli'u wu'xh i unJcriOok j while others around i\ie were 
driv^'n with .ilis'.ress and disappointed speculations, by pa- 

per cVedti and accomiiiodatioit^^ls, into the Gazette, I 

ud, upon 'Change, was universally reported 

I *Ui)S character you are 

etoudlirm, and, upon 
to be a g^cd man 

not to wonder if 1 very rapidly passed into that 
liitin 1 and, in truth, haviug- realized several thousand 
' psonds, and aJvanciiif^, at the ' saiYie thtie, towards the 
_daauJ»Uid ot lile,-i be£an to be c:i*)tivaTt.,l by tlie beauti- 
ful deucrutions pre£ent--d to me of the ijappinessof reti/e- 
nient. ■ iiaving fc,^' relations, to interfere with my incli- 
nations, I met with no obstaclas ; ! parted with my busi- 
Ji^ss^on e,Asy terms, to two industrious and faitliful ser- 
vants wito ha^ived some years with me, and deserved 
every retitrn IlQbld make: and havinj purchased a small 
freehold in the west of England, I b.tdc an- everlastijig 
adieu to the bustle and noise, the sliio^e and cjiifusion of 
a vast and overgrown metropolis. 

It would be irmecessary to give you a particular de- 
scription of my country residence ; suiVice ir to tay, that it 
was situated in a most pleasant vale, and jjossessed all 
tnose advit^Dtaj^eswhiciiare so pomi;ously, and oftett fal-;e- 
ly, trumpeted firth by the auctioneers. Here I felt my- 
stlf light as a bird wh') liadescaj.edtlie connnementof a 
cage. Here I expected to enjoy the blissful transition 
iVuiii sociey to s;«iitnde, from care to ease, frnm vexati- 
on to tr.*i.q.i-rny. But what are the hopes of man! I 
hud not been l.,*i-e manyVce''S, befon; I di:^covered that 
sontetiiing esl^r.tial was wanting to ii!l up the measure of 
iKy happiness ; s; metlilng whicii -i could neither beg, 
bjtrow, gor buy j in one word. I wanted something to do. 
In th; mitlr.t of re'ireiWtu'. my mind struggled foremploy- 
meiit, and d.Mggedmet).ick to thosetlays. when I knew 
not the misery of a vacant Iwur, and when every hour 
brou^lit with it itsplcasin^i" anxieties or proiitable engage- 
ments. Here were no employment, no calls. .lo avocations; 
lure were no goods to look i ver and examine, no sales to 
attend, no custom-lionse to be done, no attend- 
ance upon 'Ciiange, no books to post, invoices to send, or 
bi'.Is to nej^octale. These liad bfca the employment of 
my former life t and deprived of them, I had nothing 
upon wliich I could learn to fix my ariention. ' It was 
very singuUir,' yon will say, 'that all this never occurred 
to me before.' Yet notliing is more certain, than that no 
such idea ever enientd my head, till I had leisure to look 
my situation in the face, and contemplate myself as a so- 
litary helpless, and useless being. 

It was now su.'^^etted to me, that however true this 
ini<ht b", let it was nti more than what liappens to o- 
ihcrs. Gentlemen who retire are no longer to think of 
business ; iliey are top..iiake of such sports and pleasures 
as the country aii'ortU, andlay up a s*cck of good health 
b; spiiits, to prepare f.»ra vigorous old age, St bid defiance 
I.) care and lime. Tiiis was bcvitching language, and I 
, listened to it with conviction ; I enteicd with spirit into 
tha views of my ueighhours ; but I soon found that the 
sports of the country ar^ learnt with dilficuhy, and fol- 
lov.-id with a very bavl grace by a mere man of London 
ba:.iness, whj has reached his grand climacteric. I had 

been ali i.iv life, even from my bo\ish days, an industri- 
ous plodder behind the counter and the desk ; ii cou!d 
not, consc<iuently, be very easy to transform one tf my 
habits, into a man of pleasure, and a keen sportsman. 
The lirst les.sons I took v. t.c miserably unsiiccej.'.rul, and 
attended by consequences, more of a ]iaiufbl than j-ha- 
surable nature ; my attemilt to fellow »he hounds was .it- 
tcndcdby a dislocation of ilie shouIdeVf^which laidmc up 
for six weeks ; and, in myfirst attack upon acovey of ]iar- 
tridges, I put outmy shoulder again by the recoil oi my 
piece. These violent amusements, in shcrt, were not 
suited to irty taste or'City, and tco evidently interk-r- 
ed wiih my safety, lo be icllowed longer. Fishing, i here- 
fore, was recommended as a more easy and secure duer- 
sion ,• and I was soon instructed in all the mysteries oi 
baits, and hooks, and biles, and \v onus ; but, as befrre I 
had too much exercise, here I had too little, and had vc- fcllrn into the river, fast aj.cep ; when 1 gave up 
this pursuit also. ^ 

It now came into my head, especially as winter ap- 
proached, that reading would iill uji my hours agreeably. 
I never had an aversion to readiiijv, as far as 1 cm remni - 
her cf my early likings and dislikings ; but I had always 
found so mi'ch employment in busliiesi ajiparently, and 
jierhtips ret.ily more urgent, that, for many years, my 
reading was confined entirely to a newspaper, whh an oc- 
casioiial pee]) into the London Direittory orthe UeU|liook , 
and such a chain of reasoning or narrative, as othci 
books contain, was not familiar to me. I impiued this, 
however, merely to want of lime ; and that obstacle be- 
ing now removed, I Haltered myself that I should be ablt 
tti'ii) crease the advantages cf reti.ement, by storing in; 
miitd with food forxreilcciion. Books were accoraingl; 
provided; but here, as in hunting, fishing and lowling, 
all was new and untrodden ground. When I had com- 
pleted my. library, I discovered that my bookseller hat. 
not, and indeed could not, send me what I most wanted, ;, 
taste and habit of reading. My sleepy tits came on again, 
and there are few of the eminent writers of the present 
day (whatever they may think of ihtir genius) whom 1 
have not honored willi tlie approbaiion of a«<.t/. 

One resource was \et left. I r.ow bc^an to think that 
conipany would serve to divert nie and Kill heavy hours r 
for that purpose I cuhivaled the acquaintance at an e.tien- 
sivc-nev^hliourhocd. M-y we:.U;i,.a.,d I -hope, my man 
ners, which were at least inolVensive, proccired Vne an ea- 
sy introduction into many agreeable families. But here too 
I wasdoomedto the e.\perience of having gon; thvou^li 
life with one stock of ideas, and that a very small oi-.e. 
' of no use to any person but the owner.' The- conver- 
sation of my friends turned upon subjects with whicii 1 
was totally unacquainted. Now and then, when the news- 
[laper came, I could expatiate upon London ];olit;cs, anti 
the conijiarative merits of many great London politicians. 
But this could not last long: my stockof politics was the 
smallest of all my jiroperty, and I was too tar from Guild- 
hall, or St. Stephen's Chapel, to procure a fresh supply. 
During the greater p.irt of my visits, I was ti 
hear long deliales on suljects foreign to my understand- 
ing. The state of wheat, barley, and oats; the modes of 
rearing anjl feeding cattle ; the f^rm-vard and the dairy ; 
the cutting down of timber, and the |,l.uitingof potatoes, 
were often discussed with great warmth, and at great 
length : but all was unintelligible to me ; nor could 1 fmd 
a man in the whole parish, who understood any thing 
about nainsooks and bandannoes, soosajes andtafiit'tics, Sc 
calimantncs, mtislinels or dimities. I began to V.ave a 
very indilVerent opinion of their cajiacities ; I b.-dieve they 
had none of mine, and it was more than once whispered 
in njy bearing, that, * your Londoners know nothhig out 
of the sound of Bow bells.* 

In this ur.cemfcrtable situation I remained nearly two 
years; my health became allcctcd from the lowness of 
my spirits, antl the indolence of my habit : and I know 
net what might have been the consequence, if I had not, 
at length, taken the resolution to revisit society again. I 
am now most happily and comfortably placed as a part- 
ner in that very house, to whicii I once bade adieu, as I 
thought, forever. I trust I am now cured of a passion for 
retirement; but as I perceive many of my acquaintances 
listening to the representations whicjt once deceived me. 
I am desirous, by your insertion of this letter, to warn 
them against the error. Few men of any description are 
qualified to enjoy retirement, or to render it salutary. 
Men of mere business are the least of all sc. Their ha- 
bits, tcm].ers, and talenis, are all disqualifications of an in- 
superable kind. Active employments, connected with fair 
and honest advantages, may prolong their days in health 
and comfort ; but to exchange bustle for idleness, without 
the power to render idleness harmless, is a desperate at- 
tempt; and it is extreme folly, at the decline of hie, to 
barter that which may be depended upon, for that which 
is nncertahi, in the highest jiossible degree. 
1 am. Sir, your humble scrtant, 

TiioiMAS Keksevmehe, 



Youngest daughter of Dr. Charles Button, of Wool. 
wich, received two years education at a nunnery in France. 
She was only sixteen' years of age at her death, and yet 
she had been for several > ears the most efficient personage 
in the family, entering into all i's numerous concerns, 
boihdou.csiic and literary, in the most active and ample , 
iraniitr. the was her latkef's amanuensis and assistant, 
upon all occasions ; she wrote for him, and read for him,^ 
in all langu.igesand sciences ; she made drawings forhim 
cf all kinc's, mathematical, mechanical, £tc. arrangcdand 
managed his library, and knew where every book stood,' 
and could find iliem even in the dark: She knew several 
languages, and tdmost all sciences, in a tolerable degree ; 
arithl..euc, algebra, gcogiaphy, astronomy, music, draw- 
ing, ])6etry, history, botany, gardening, and all ihe usual 
female accoiiipllshmenls in a superior style and degree • 
most of which accomiilishmenis were acquisitions chiefly 
mitde by her own taleiils and energy of mind, with little 
or no assistance from others. It was sufTxient for her, 
once to, or see anything dene; she soon made 
It her own ; she was ihe author of sevetal ingenious cal- 
culaiionsand compositions ; she extiacted the square 
roots of mostof Ihe second lOOOniimbers, to twelve places 
of decimals, avd jncved the truth of them afterwards by 
means of difitrences, arranging the whole in a table ready 
I'or publ, cation ; shetirew elegant geographical maps, and 
only the second day before her death, began and complet- 
ed one whole hcitdsphereof the earth, both the drawing, 
the shading, and the wri.iiig. She was remarkable at 
composititm and st.le, either epistolary or scientiHc, ex- 
pressing herself f. ell in any subject , a small specimen 
of which we cannot avoid inserting fcr the curiosity of 
tl.e subject. A very few days before her death, when they 
joined her one incrning in the parlour (for she was usual- 
ly first up in the morning, as well as last at night) she 
toldihematlream she had in the night, which seemed so 
curious, that they de:-ired her to write it down ; which 
she iminediaMl.- did litevally, in the ft ilotving word : " I 
dreamt that I was dead, and tinit my s: ul had ascend-;d 
in one oftlie stars ; there I found several persons wli.iniT 
had formerly known, and among them some of ihe nuns 
\s hom I was ).articularly attached to when in France. 
Tliey told me when they received me, that they were glail 
to see me, but hop'cd I should not stay with them long, 
the place being a kind of purgatory, and that ail the stars 
were for therec-ption of ddiercnt pc-ple's souls, a difi'er- 
ent star being allotted for every kind of bad temper and 
vice . all the sharp tempers went to one star, the sulkv lo 
another, the peevish to another., and so on. Every body 
in each star being of the same temper, no ci:e wr:iihlgive 
up to another, and there was nothing but tlissention and 
quarrels amorg them. Some cf Unse who received me, 
taking ofteiice at the infcrmation jiiy friends were giving 
me, it made a quarrel, which at length became so rude 
and noisy, that it waked me." In short, had she lived, 
she shewed fair to become a second Hypatliia. To her 
mother and the rest of the family, she was no less useful 
indoivjeslic biitiness, than to her father in literary. For 
nothing came amiss to her, being equally skilled and 
adroit in all useful and laudable concerns ; in managing 
the family, the servants, in making purchases at shops or 
markets, &c. She was the life and soul of every compa- 
ny, wherever she came, engaging the chief or sole atten- 
tion of every person, men and women, young and old. 
She had conversation for every one, and generally took 
the lead, when not checked. In short, her goot^ness and 
sweetness of disposition gained her the love of every per- 
son, as her wit and cheerfulness fixed their attention, and 
her knowledge and wisdom raised their admiral ion. — 
She died in 1795, by a rupture of a vessel in her lungs. 


The Rev. Mr. Harris has issued proposals for publish- 
ing the Journal of hij Tour in the Territory North West 
of the Alleghany Mountains : to be illustrated with Maps 
and views. The prospectus leads us to e.xpect much to- 
pographical infcrmatinn respecting an interesting part of 
oar country, of which thete have been published only 
vague and exaggerated accounts : with some curious par- 
ticula.s of the appiarance, dimensions, and, probable, his- 
tory of tl e prodigious forts and pyrimidical mounds on 
the banks of the Muskingum snd Scioto — • the solitary e- 
vidences of a great population in some remote, forgotten 

It ish' ped, that a work so valuable and curious,|will ba 
favored with the most liberal patrottage. 

[PoMT Folio- 



For 1804. 



IN my Hst, I was induced to give you, my dear S — — . 
a full length drawing of the " ci.\kt o< 'i tiE i.a\v,'* 
to trace the bold and distinct featVJre? of his character 
with precision, andpossihiy with presumption. The A- 
inerican world haviiig given hiin no adequate competitor, 
andhis native town, tkongh rich in legal ability, viewing 
him as the only oracle of professional knowledge, I have 
been assiduous in marking arid coinparing him, in my 
viiiid^s eye, to alt that I have known cUrer, or extraordi- 
nary at home. ••••••• 

Btil among the many honnurable properties of his cl'.i- 
racter, perhaps tliat of his learning ouglit to have been 
considered astUc most transcendani, since in Am-rica it 
is the most rare, while, in that, and in every couiitry, 
v/here the peojJe is free, and enlightened, wh^re the 
laws are written, and may be understood, a.t accurate 
Knowledge of those laws must constitute the first and 
greatest a'tribu'e of their professors. The poetic glow 
of imagination, the Sne scintillations of wit, the rapitlity 
of perception, and the ingenuity of a discriminating judg- 
ment, areas nothing, v/ithout the rich and solid founda. 
lion of lav/-roading. It is tliis which constitutes the pro- 
Jeuion, intitlingits possessor to the denomination of a 
LAWYER. We expect every artist to have studied the 
theory and principles of his art, and shall that calling 
which implies ihe greatest supremacy of mind, be least 
understood, and m !st sti|)er.'icially acquired ? Wherever 
the question shall be brought to the test becvecn the na- 
tural brilliancy of what i.s t>.T-,nea genius, and the ascen- 
tlcncy of acquirement, directed by good sense, it is most 
certain, the event will decide the principle. In IVlr. 
Parsons, 1 have all in an eminent degree united, and con- 
spicuous, and thence hive given more tims to his delinea- 
tion, than any single subject had a right to command. 
or what remain, a ske'cli must answer, since the multi- 
tude of heads, that consti'iite il'.e original group before 
me, will not admit time for each, to have a fdl len'^'h, 
neither tobe finished with all the nice touches of correct 
- colouring. 

After much inquiry, and great .-itten'inn given to the 
pretentionsof his brethren, I have considered IlarrvGray 
Otis, as entitled to the next rank, and as having iii Bos- 
ton no siqierior, except that great man, who has no equal. 
Mr. Otis is, in oge, under forty, and consequently a- 
niong the youngest of those, who have professional emi- 
nence, and to such, as e.vpect wisdom to be derived from 
grey hlirs, his introduction will be considered premature 
and indeconis. Bur, holding the precedent of talent be- 
yond that of seniority, Harrison Grav Otis is, in my 
judgement, next entitled toour aniniatlversions. Manv 
years since, in the early youth of this gentleman, before 
his judgement was ripened, and ere his talents had ob- 
tamed maturity, charmed by the brilliancy of powers, 
that gave jh- promise of gro-.ving greatness, his native 
dibtritt elected him to represent them at the national le- 
gislature.^ The result of this choice disappointed expec- 
tation. Mr. O'.ic was rivalled and excc-lledhy two nien 
ot the same prolcssion. and from ;he same county, who, 
greatly his seniors in age. are considered, in some points, 
rather his mter,or3 at the bar. Tliesewere Samuel Dex- 
ter and I', sher Ames ; men, distingihshed and honoured 
lor rare and respectable qualities, and whom I .shall thence 
take a future opportunity pf introducing to your acnuain- 
tancc. The young Mr. Otis, when in Cono-ress was 
much two juvenile for the station, in which "he stood, 
classed with and in oppofition to the proudest talents 
antl the best learning of the Union : consequently less for- 
midable to his opponenis, and less applauded by his 
constituents, than a proper consciousness of his own pow- 
ers n,u,t hav^e ronvinced him, were justly his due. 
Whence, having been twice chosen bvaflattering maior- 
ty, he declined a re-election, and returned to the duties 
oflusproftssion, it seems, whh a determination to reco- 
ver that a^':endancy. which had been incidentally wrested 
fiom his genius. In this, he was successful , for Nature 
had done much to insuie him the vietorv, in giving him 
a iair open countenance, a fascinating smile, a graceful 
address, and a voice of melody, better attuned by him- 
selt, to the varied modifications of the mind with less lo 
calismcjf tones and pronunciation than any of his bie-hren 
Clear, distinct and forcible, his extempore speaking has 
an irresistible charm, and leaves hfs hearers more delight. 
M. if not better instructed, than any vo^ce 1 have heard in 
New-England, In law knowledge he is. at present, nei- 
thej- overflownig nor deficient, and is every day adding, by 
nis inous.ry, to his already respectable acquirements. 
M'^re than any of his associates at the bar. is he animat- 
eain atgument, and successfull in the pathos of personal 
appeal. Q.nalities, such as these, have necessarily acquir- 
ed him great individual influence ; and being afavourite 
member oi the state legislature every competitor was dis- 
tanced, and the Federal party united to a man, in confer- 
ring upon him the distinguished honour of the speaker's 
chair. This he has, in effect, graced and dignified. 
J'rompt,^lucid,and generally impartial, his deportment is 
ttea ;asj.:en th: ra.uour of pirty animosity, and his 

sniile to conciliate the virulence of (opposition. PossibK.his 
refinement may sometimes ajipear to border upon/;i«.«-. 
and the polished benevolence of his accent to degenerate 
into adiilation. by which lie seems to neglect proper discri- 
mination ; and, resembling the greater light in the f.r- 
mame nt of heaven, permits the kind glance of his eve to 
shine equally upon the good and upon the evil. Sliil, the 
most enthusiastic of his many frjcr.dsand admirers.ccn- 
sider the speaker's chair as the prelude to a more exalted 
station, even that of chief magistrate to the state, since 
the present worthy and unassuming, but unsocial and un- 
patronizing character, who presides, is said to be wearied 
with a rank, uncongenial with the humility of his tem- 
l)cr, and inauspicious ro the retirement of his habits. 

Mr. Otis is rich, liberal and hospitable ; his house ap- 
pears to be the abode of social elegance, and the temtile 
of domestic happiness: whence his political adherents are 
found to be his personal friends. His virtues, his talents 
and his manners, uniting the general sntrrage of respect, 
with the more irresistible claim of merited affection. 

ine follcfaing^ rct>iaris on Politeness, extracted f,r.m 
Itu me's Essays, arc believed to be correct end iialmhie : 
they are respectfully reconumeiidetl to tie atlentioi: anu prac- 
tice <fouryouthj\d readers ; perhaps, sonie heads ojjami- 

• lies inight prof t by adhering strictly to tbim.'] 

To correct such gross vices as lead us to a re- 
al injury to others, is the part of morals, and the object 
of the most ordinary education. Where that is not atten- 
ded to, in some degree, no human society can subsist, 
i^ut m order to i-endcr conversation and the illterccnrfe of 
nimds more easy and agreeable, goodmanners have been 
invented, and hav&.carried the matter soitiewhat farther. 
Wherever nature has given the mind a propensity toanv 
vice, or to any passion disagreeable to others, refined 
breeding has taught men to throw the bias on the o-jpo- 
site side, and to prcsei-ve, in all their behaviour, ihe ap- 
liearance of sentiments contrary to those which they na- 
turally incline to. Thus, as we are naturally proud and 
selhsh. and apt to assume the preference above others, a 
polite nian is taught to behave with deference towards 
these UHh whom he converses, and to yield up the supe- 
riority to them in all the common incidents of socictv 
In like manner, wherever a person's situation may nat'ii- 
rally beget -any disagreeable suspicion in him, tis the part 
of good-manners to prevent it, by a studied display of 
semimems directly contrary to those of which he is ant 
to be jealous. Thus old men know their infirmities -iml 
naturally dread contempt from youth ; hence well-edu 
cated youth redouble their instances of respect and defer- 
ence to their elders. Strangers and foreigners are witii 
out protection : hence, in all ptilite countries, theyreceiv- 
the highest civilities, and are entitled to the'first pl-iie in 
(very company. A man is lord in his own family, and 
his guests arc, in a manner, subject to his authority: 
hence, he IS always the lowest person in the company ; 
attentive to the wants of every one: and giving himself 
all the trouble, m order to please, which may not betray 
too visible anaficciation. or imjiose too mtch cons'rain't 
on his guests. Gallantry is nothing but an instance of 
the same generous and refined attention. As nature has 
iven man the superioritv above woman, by endowiiio- 
,im with greater strength both in mind and body tis his 
Jiart to alleviate that superiority, as much as possible, bv 
the generosity cf his behaviour, and by a studied defer 
cnce and complaisance for all her inclinations and onini 
on- Barbarous nations display this superiority, by re- 
ng thcif females to the most abject slavery ■ bv con 
lining them, by beating them, by selling thetu by kiilinJ 
them. But the male sex, among a polite people, disco- 
ver their authority in a more generous, though i,..t a h- s 
eviaent, manner: by civility, by respect, by coinplais-uice 
and, in aword, by gallamry. In good company, you need 
no ask, who is master of the feast ? The tnan'wlio sits 
ni the lowest place, and who is always industrious in help, 
ing every one, is most certainly the person. We must 
either condemn all such instances of generosity, as foppish 
and allccted, or admit of galhntry among the rest The 
ancient Moscovites wedded their wiv-s with a whin ' 
stead of a wedding ring. The same people in their own 
houses, took always the precedency above foreiirncrs e 
yen foreign ambassadors. These too instances of their 
generosity and politeness are much of a jiieo, 


We are affected.with delightful sensations, when we 
see the inanimate parts of the creation, the meadows, the 
flowers, and tree., in a nourishing state. There must be 
some rooted mchncholy at the heart when all nature 
appears sniiling about us, to hinder us from correspond- 
ing with the rust of the ci-e:ition. and joining in the uni 
versal chorus of joy. But if meadows and trees in their 
cheerful verdure, if flowers in their bloom, and all the ve- 
gitable parts of the creation in their most advantageous 
dress, can inspire gladness into the heart, and drive away 
all sadness but despair: to seelhe rational creation happy 
andHourisbing, ought to give us a pleasure as much su- 
perior, as the latter is to the fomier in the scale of bein-rs 
But the pleasure js still heightened, if we ourselves hav's 

b.-cii instrumental in contributing to the happiness of our 
idlowcreatuus, il «e l..-,ye helped to raise an heart droop, 
ing beneath the weight of grief, and revived that barren 
antl dry land, where no water was, with refreshing show- 
ers of love and kindness. 




Yesterday John Simpson, a gay, fashionably dressed 
young man, seemingly about twenty-six or twenty-eight 
ycais of age, was charged before the Lord Mayor, wuh 
having robbed .several coflVe houses and hotels, for some 
months past, and for whose apprehension a reward of 
twenty ];ruilds had been advertised by the society to pre- 
vent swindling. 

Mr Fathers, of the Guildhall Collee house, gave in evi- 
dence that the prisoner came into his coflee house on 
thursday night about ten o'clock, and ordered aiiU 
a bed for the night. A waiter from the city cotlee house 
Clicapside, who happened soon after to call ujion biisi. 
nes.s, seeing the prii.erer, informed the witness tha- he 
\vas the person who, about iwo nionthsago, had robbed 
them of prcperty to the amount of sixteen pounds. Upon 
looking more tlirectly at the prisoner, Mr. Fathers disco- 
vered him tobe the man, who, about three niomhs since 
had slept in his htute, ar.d rcbbed a Mi-. Watson, froiii 
Gla.-grw, of linen and other articles, to a ccnsidevablea- 
mount, for which Mr. F. had paid six pcui.ds. There 
not being an cff.cer at liai.d, the prisoner was allowed to' 
go to bed, when he was secured. Upon searching his 
person, ihcre were fi urd upon him a curicus instrumenl: 
for tpening trunks, drawers, S.C. so ccnstnicled as, by a 
genileiuTssurcof the hand, to yield a purchase equal to 
SCO weight: also a bunch of skeleton keys. When taken 
to the Poultry Compter, the waiter of the city coffee- 
house identified the shag small-clothes worn by the jirison- 
er. to be stolen from a gentleman in their house. The 
prisoner had the address to cliarge them afterwards for 
nankeen pantaloons; but afier a strict search, they were 
found in the jirison. The master of the New Huinmums 
proved the priscnei's coming lo his house, and, from hi» 
genteel aitpeaiance, prccurirg a bed (here, en the 12th in. 
Slant, pretending he hadtcme I'rcm the gala at Vanxhall 
but he decamped in the morning, carrying Willi him a 
gold watch and two pocket books, the property of a gen- 
tleman who slept in thenextroom. The number of the 
watch, and maker's name ivere produced, which exactly 
cr.riespcnded wiih those cf the geld «a>ch fcnnd in the 
prist's possession. Upon being asked from whom he 
obtained the watch, who he\va», and how he got his live 
ing ! he said that lie had the watch frVin a Jew, in ex- 
change for clothes : thathe wasaiitfiiccr of His Majes- 
ty's thip Victory, but had not yet joined ; that he had 
served on board the Iris, t f fifty gt.ns, and that he was a 

To carry on his rchemes with more security, he al- 
v.ajs paid his bill bffoie be went tc bed; and never "ave 
his boots or siices to be cleaned, pre'ending thai he wisa 
member of some vchmtecr ccrjis, and must go eariy' to 

Mr. Eaton, the soliciior for prorccuiing swindlers ac- 
companied by sevetal 1 eej ers of collee houses, attended 
but the examination being then over, the additiolial ckar- 
ges were not preferred, and the prisoner was committed 
tor further examination. 


ANeasy andunaiTected Modesty is a virtue not only 
graceful and excellent, but may be reckoned among the 
most durable beau'ies ; it improves every look and fea- 
ture, gesture and motion, aion.-s for a mean dress, and sets 
off the richest with an ttdditienal ifstre. The standard of 
beauty varies in proper' ion to the various opinions of 
mankind in different countries ; but modesty, like light, 
is the same to all. Beauty, like a flower, is slow in its 
growth, short in its bloom, and its decay raises in us a 
port of itinatiired c.'impassion. But rnodestt-, in its dawu 
has its charms : and, when it has stood all attacks, is 
emiiled to our adinira-ion. Beauty may win the eye, & 
satisfy the present gust or appetite: but modesty engagns 
the heart ; it is the surest proiifoi" good sense, and good 
sense is the strongest security a fine woman can give of 
making her atlmirer happy for life. The attempts made 
upon the fair to deprive them of this virtue, are a plain 
demonstration of its superior excellence,- for a robber al- 
ways aims at the most valuable plunder. 

Wi lithe men modesty gives rise to true bravery and 
confidence, or at leasisujiports it. Modesty is slow but 
sure, and advances in a firm body ; whilst Impudence 
makes one bold and daring onset, but is easily demolished 
by breaking the front. 

DIED, lately in Germany, TageJ: T.ilpier, aged 120. 
He had buried ten wives; his hist, the ekventh, who is 
now living, is but 26 years of age. By her he had 5 chil- 
dren, the youngest is 5 months old. Bf his other wives 




lie had 31 clnUrcii, all of wh-n.i ure livin,;. married, and 
hivc Urg-; families. H.i mtin Jry was very retentive ; he 
coul-irt-ceunt a succinct history ol' Germany turope 
generailv, for more thai: lUU years past, and wis very lo- 
quacious aad witty. Hene/orc.iperiencedaiiy kind ofsick- 
iicts.wasof lir-e stature tcvoraciouiappeliie i; very atlile_- 
lic! "iK- came to'iits death by p.ucmp-in^ to leap overagaie 
Sfeethijh! he passed i', but uufortuna-.ely fell upon a 
sione wliieh v/ouudcd his head so severely »:> to occafion 
amoriLicaLipnand his dcatli. 

The Moniteiir of the 26th iilt. contain', the follow iiij 
rcm»ri<s, under the date of Frankfort, Jtily 17: — Th-.s 
year will lie remarkable in* the a.liials of meteorology, 
for the cxirarirdiiiary variations of the atmosphere, avid 
the number of storms that have followed; thunder, espe- 
cially has made ravages ol which th.-re are but few c.vam- 
pU-s in Germany ,. upwards of one hundeed houses and 
edifices in various places have been struck, and in pari re- 
duced to ashes, wh le a still greater number of people 
have sun.iinrd hurt. V/'e have before spoken of the sud- 
den iir.mda'ions in Saxony, Silesia, Auslria, and Hnni^a- 
ly, ar.d of the Jiou^jht in the western pans ci U;rmur.y, 
ivhilcin -he ea.M the vainsliavs been excessive and incos- 
sani. We may infer from this extraordinary iri-cguiarity 
of the season, that some revolution has occurred in the in- 
terior of thegl )be, which has deranged the usual equili- 
briuiri, and occasioned a sudde.i and considerable increase 
of the electric fluid in the atmosphere. 

ILon. Pap. 

Titus Voluminous, a citizen of li-ome, was the fi lend of 
Man;usL«ullti5, who was slain by the command of 
Mark Antony because he hail foil ■v.'ed tile party of Bru- 
ms and Ca-sius ; and thou.i;h he had sulficient time to 
preserve himself byflight, >ct he remained by the body of 
his dear friend, anil lamented hir.i with such abundance 
of tears, that notice was taken of him by the soldiers of 
the opposite party, and he was dragged by them to Anto- 
ny. When became into his presence, " Command me, 
Sir," said he, •■ to be taken back to the body of LucuUus, 
and to be there slain j fori ought not to survive him, 
since I was the only person who jiersuaded him to take 
that unfortunate side which has brought him to ruin." 
Antony was easily prevailed ujion to grant his request, 
a.-.dhe wasled to the jjlace where I.ucullus lay dead. 
AVhen he came to the body of his friend, he kissed his 
right hand, took up his head, that was cut oft', and ptit it 
into his bosom, and then presented his own neck to re- 
ccive'lhe blotv of the executioner. 

AT London !n tite month of August last, two trades- 
jnen near Blackfriars bad a difference respecting a bet, 
xvhicli it was a.'^Tf ed ne>:t morning to decide wiih pislnls. 
They mot neirihe WinJiniU, below Petty France, when 
the seconds had the good sense !o droj) the bullets into 
the proper pln;e — '.heir own pnrket. One of the panics 
who was let into xhcxtrei drnfpat ika'l on the first tire! his 
opponent fled on the wings of fear, and ne.vt inorning 
proceeded in a post ch.iise to deiiart for Hamburgh or A- 
merica, v, hen he saw his deceased ant,rgri::kt very compos- 
^'!ly sei-vii,(^ his customers behind the counter! 

A NEW invented carriage, called wloeif^ drawn by 
fur horses, passed lately through the El) sian Fields of 
Parisi It carried no less than thirty five jia-jseiigers, and 
w ill be no lonrer tiian 36 hours going from Paris to Ly- 
ons, adistancecfllO leaguesorSoOEngiishmiles. This 
curious invention promises to be of the greatest advantage, 
both f'^r their commercial and military transports. The 
inventor has obtained an Imperial patent. 

Lon. pi'p- 





IJyou thhik the enclusei has suffcient vierit to obtain a 
flare in pmii- hnproH'lng and wi/i selected paper, ycu ■n-lll 
oblige a female sul/scriler by itiseilrng it. 


■1 gena-al, and Fe-.tiale Friendship in particular, addressed 

to young Married JVomen. 

THE ancients ranked friendship in the second class of 
human virtues ; and many are the instances recorded in 
liistcry, where its energy has produced ell'ects almost di- 
vine. Considered in its perfect strength and beauty, it is 
certainly the most sublime, because the least selfish allec- 
tioil of the soul. Honour is its very essence : courage, 
frankness and generosity its unalienable properties. Such 
IS the idea delivered down to us of this noble virtue by 
colemporary writers, " who together flourished and toge- 
ther fed j" for some centuries have elapsed since this ex- 
abed jihenomenon has deigned to appear among the da- 
K=!ierate sons of men ; and like a mutilated statue, it is 
lum- become rather an object of admiration to a few vir- 
tn.iii in philosophy, than a subject of general emula- 

Moniai^ne, aniungbt the moderns, seeins to have fell 
a stioigtr inanann tf this virtue, than any autlioi 
I am acquainted with ; and though the utmost stretch of 
his warm imagination gives us but a faint ray of its anci- 
ent lustre, yet even this slight resemblance appears too 
strong for cur weak eyes, and teems rather to dazzle than 
to attract our senses. 

Our colemporary writer, Dr. Young, has left us several 
beautiful descriptions of Iricndship, which though delici- 
ent of that lire which not only blazed, but burned in this 
ai^.cient vir. I e, are however, sufltcient to form both our 
theory aitd practice upon. True fr endship warms, it rais- 
es, it transports like n.usic. Pure the joy, without allay, 

Whose very rapture is traru^iiility . 

This is a very pleasing and just description of friend- 
ship in the abstract : but it wants that energy which par- 
ticular attachments add to all our sentiments, and without 
w a winter's sun, tliey shine, but do not w ami 
The same author has given us a jr.ore interesting, though 
perhaps less elevated idea of this aifection of the mind, in 
his address to a particular person ; 

" Lorenzo, pride suppress, nor hope tojind 
•' A friend but ■what hm Jound a friend in thee." 

This is a new, and I think, a just light in which we 
may consider this sentiment : lor though love 
formed without sympathy, fricnilthip never can. It is 
even in its degenerate state an a.Tection that cannot sub 
sibt in vicious mind.s ; and among the most virtuous, it 
requires a purity of sentiment, manners and rank, for its 
basis. Of all the nice ties and dependencies which con- 
stitute the happiness cr misery of life, it is the mostdtl:- 
ca'.e, and even the most fragile : Wealth cannot purchas, 
it nor gitis ensure its permanence; "the chirphig oi 
birds in cages, bears as much resemblsnce to the voc;il 
music of the woods, as bought courtesies to real frlonil 
ship." The great, alas 1 rarely enjoy this blessing ; vai.i 
ty and emulation prevent its growth among equals : ant: 
the humiliating cn-.iclescension with which superiors some, 
times deign to aU'ect friendship for their inferiors, strikes 
at the very found.ation of the sentiment ; from which tluie 
can only arise a tottering superstructure, whose pillari:, 
like those of modern composition, bear 'lie gloss, bn 
want the durable quality of the men:al marb^.e, sincerlt . 
Yet there have been instances, though rare, of real friend 
ship between persons of dill'ereut ranks in life, particular- 
ly between Henry the fourth and Sully : hut the vir.ue . 
of the latter placed him on a level with M jnarchs, antl 
the ntK^ir.if.iiiiity of the former, made him sensible oi 
their equality. 

Yet how often are coniplaintu uttered by disappointed 
pride, against the ingraiittide of those whom thev hav 
honoured wiiluhe title of friend : nay, and hav.- ev.;n ser- 
ved and obliged as such ; without reflecting that obiigati 
ons to a generous mind are insults, when accompaniet' 
with the lea-.t slight or mortification. On the other hai.d^ 
we perhaps too willingly attach ourselves to our superiors; 
our self-love is flattered by their approbation, as it natu- 
rally imagines it can only he for our good and amiable 
qualities that they like cr distinguish us. But though 
love, like death, makes all distinction void, friendship ln.s 
no such levcllingpower. Stqievinrity of rank or fortune, 
is generally felt by the person who possesses either ; and 
they are entitled to some degree of if they do not 
make others feel it also. Let those nten who have deli- 
cate minds, remember that equality io the true basis ol 
fi'iendshi]) : letlhtm .set ajustvidue on their own v.forth 
as v.cli as on the inebriating smiles of greatness, and not 
e-\pose their sensibility to the pangs it must sustain, on 
discovering that neither virtues nor talents can always 
keep the scale of friendship steady, when opposejl to the 
adventitious circumstances of high birtlr or great for- 

Thus farmy remarks upon this subject are general ; let 
me now ajjply them to their use, for whom this essay is 
jieculiarly designed, by earnestly recommending it to eve- 
ry yougmarricd woman to seek the friend of her heart in 
the husband of lieralTection. There and there only is to 
be found that true equality, both of rank and fortune, 
strengthened by mutual interests, and ceinented by mutu- 
al pledges. There and there only will she be sure to meet 
with reciprocal confidence, unfeigned attachment, and 
tender solicitude, to soothe her every care ; the tics of 
wedded love will be livctled by the bands of friendship : 
the virtues of her mind when called forth by occasion, 
will unfold themselves by degrees to her husband's per- 
ception, like the ojiening rose before the morning ray : 
and when its blooming colour fades upon her cheek, its 
sweetness shall remain within the very foldings of his 
heart, from the recollection of her sense and worth. 
Happy are the jiairs so joined : yea, blessed arc they who 
are thus doubly united. 

As tlie word friendship is at present generally under- 
stood to be a term of little import, orat most, one that 
extends merely to a jireferenee of liking or esteem, I 
would by no means exclude my fair readers . from that 
kind of cninmene which is now accepted under tt^at ti- 
tle, in society. But even this sort of connexion r.-quires 
much caution in the choice of its object ; for I should 
wish it might bts restrained to one : and that one oiijht 

toobtain this preference from the qualities of the l-eiv, 
rather than those of the head : a long and intimate a'' 
quaintance can alone d isccver the former : the latter ar,-" 
easily and willingly displayed : for love without esteem 

n«w- * '^°"'" ?°" 'P*'"- The head is the spring of 
atlections but the heart is the reservoir. ^ 

For this reason, it always appears to me a proof of mu- 
tual merit, when two sisters or two young women who 
have been bj<>ught up together, are strongly attach, 
ed to each other ; and I will admit, that while thev re- 
main unmarried, such a connection is capable of forming 
a pure and disinterested friendship, provided that tht 
sympathy of their affections do not tend to make them 
MKe or admire the same male object : for though love 
may,friendship cannot, exist with jealousy. Rescrvewill 
wound, and distrust will destroy it. 

[to be concluded in our next.] 

TO A Correspondent. 
At the commencement of the " Minerva," the proprie. 
tors foriTied a positive determination that no personal re- 
flections should be admlted into their paper ; to this resolu- 
tion they will scrupulously adhere. This will' be a suffici- 
ent apology to" PitiLA.NDEH" for the rejection of his sar- 
castic essay. 

MARRIED— On Thursday evening last, by the Rev 
John D. Bhur, Mr. PniTCARD, Bookseller, to Mis,- 
An--( Wilki.ysom, ofHanover 



A letter from Berlin of the 4th in.-t. s'ates, that the pri- 
vate corrsspondence bet-.veen the emperor of Russia and 
the ol Prussia, which had been suspended since the 
murder t-f the Duke of Engheiu, has been renewed ; and 
I'-., wnhinthe ihree last weeks four couriers had amved 
1 m and returned to Russia, with no other dispatches 

tnaii hi- impeiialt;ro)al correspondence. :Captain 

-.aii.pbd!. from Gibraltar, arrived at Charleston, conlirms 
heac.-rHints before received at Boston, of the prevalence 
and Jatalityoi a contagi.ntis disorder in many ports of 
Spam. Capt.G. left Cibrahartbe 8th Ocicbcr , themor- 
',nn,{ 'YZ '" ''"^ '* preceding dttys was computed to be 
1000 of the garrison and inhablants. The former were 
drawn out to enctimpmems ; and of the latter, such as had 
i.ietms, had fled- France has expressed great uneasi- 
ness at the nunioer of Russian ships with troops which 

passed through the Sosph^rus A declaration cf 

war may be hiiivly looked for between Russia h. France. 

It is stated in a letter from Paris, that the 

purport of the orders sent by the king of Sweden to his 
anibassadir there is, that he shill leave that city in six 
d.iys, anil the Swedes reaidingthere in his Majesty's ser- 
vice, in the course of inurteen. Letters from Am- 
sterdam siate, that the Russian Legation is expected soon 

to leave tha- place. The brother of the king of France 

sailed on Wednesday last, with a fair wind for Gotten- 
bnrg, under a convoy of agun brig. Previous tohis depar- 
ture he received a letter from his most Christian Majesty 
which is unde.-stood to contain an assurance that the Em- 
peror of Russia and the King of Sweden are willing to ac- 
knowdetlge Louis XVII. and his hereditary claims to the 
throne of France and Navarre, provided England will sec 
them the example. 


The last ntlvlces from the Mediterranean infcn'm, that 
the Aiverican squadron was off Tripoli, except the fri- 
gates Essex and Congress, which were watching the 
Moor. Information has been received that the Ameri- 
can Minister at the Spanish Court, had arrived at Cadiz 
from Madrid, to embark for Ain.-rica. 

Letters have been received in New-York, announcing 
that a new ambassador, Gen. Turreau. had positively de- 
parted from Paris, to embark for the United States 

The black emperor of St. Domingo has' assumed the title 
of Jaques the First Emperor of Hayti— he seems deter- 
mined to keep pace in title with Ids royal competitor Na- 
jKileon the First.— The year 1804 has been fruitful in the 
pr Juction of Emperors : it htis produced no less than four 
viz. Napoleon, Emperor of France ; Francis I. of Austria ; 
Frederick of Brandenburg; Jaqnes I. of Hayti. 

A late New-York paper says, that letters received there 
from Washington City state, that Mr. Burr would at- 
tend the ensuing supreme Court for the purpose of taking 

his trial. 'The Post-O.Uce in Boston was broke open 

on the Isl November, with an intent to rob ; a rewartl of 

S:-OJ is offered for the apprehension of the villains 

A Baltimore paper of Nov. Itf. informs, that the French 
Imperial Ainbassador to America, Gen. Thuriot, had 
landed at Annapolis — that he met with a very flattering 
reception from the Governor, Mayor, 8cc. — On the same 
day he proeeeded to the seat of the geuersl governraeni. 



o.. i. 


From the NATIONAL >£GIS. 
" Simplicity, I doat upon thy ng^. 

l^iughter of Truth ! to thee beroog 
Tiic fire and emrgy of song, y 
TiK' speaking gUnce, fheanless smite, 
'I'll" f'j-^ling heart unknown toguilc. o 
\.'i ii lieau'.y's banners o'er ihee waving, 
.V'vi powers resistless all enilaviuj^, 
' I '. if a chann on earth th-rre be, 
■; ...n, enchanting: nymph ! is found inihee. 

\ •rx\\ with winning graces dr.-'ssM, 
'i'liy varyin^^ eyes l>y 90ttl impres s*d, 
Thy brew wifh rustic garlands crown*d, 
Thy voice, wrh music in the sound, 
In KtreaTDs r-f sweet persuasion tinwiug, 
C'jhvic:i''n fr^ii the iicte.ns growing, 
T'n; senses charm, controul the iniitd, 
-':. iJ^vvilh a potent spell, the hear: inrupiure bind. 

Pure child' of na*iire ! rnuiid shy cell 
The virtues aidMie grnces dwell ; 
Thy sister Liberty, Ts there, 
Aiu^i there theinf:'.nt Loves repair. 
Aiid, aa the same benign-mt power 
"Warns rnllirvR; worlds, tha* spreads a flower, 
Sn, v.-ftilesoU^.M(/(,/clinf;s to thee, 
Oniliy chaste bojoju reb.s ^uUiinuy. 

Totheemy hearfSts tribu'^e pours, 
I'tohi thee, sweet nympli ! one boon implores, 
Wi.hin that heart ^i'h truth to live. 
And all tli/ar: less fervor give. 
Tlinu I'vvy real cii^trni posser.sing-, 
Tlu- sT.i;o's nride, the poet*>, 
D^-pvivLfd of iheedeilichi is o'er, 
And RiVs bc^: pleasure*;, cm encliaiuno more. 



MiranOa! mark v.h^re, sinking from the gale, 

Itsleavej vet nioist with carlv dew, 
That iV.r faim (lower, the lillv of the val.-, 

Dro^jsiis rocckhtad, auuluoks methir.ks like you. 

\Vraj»p'd in a shadowy veil offender green, 
. . J' s snowy bells a soft perfuuic dispense, 
Aiid bending as relucra-.t to be se-n, 
in s.mplc loveliness it sooths the sense. 

\X\x\v bosom bared to meet the p-ar'sh dav. 

The g!anni>- ml ;> g;.itdv unflismav'd, ' ■« 

Orfsndsthc eye - t t:iste rintturns away 
To seek the lily in her fragrant ahade, 

With such unconscious beautv, pensive mild. 
^l;.■.lud.l chatms— naiui-L'ssofc modest child. 


'I'is la»c — and my Delia now hastens to rest, 

K\[jt io «.weet visions, I wander alone, 
L^^«t-"!^'**»ih'?''the fond wiUiesthat glnv in mv breast, 

VVitk iraiiiporis to wealth*, and to grandeur unknt^wn. 

Snft— softliexi.y slumb-r, dsar innocent fair. 

DesCftn.UsmUi.,-reacr. ,m mvbosom^s delight. 
Hcpe sheds hor piu-. beajrs on each long nourished tare. 

As day bn-h-.Iy on the shadows of ni-ht. 

R-.clin'd on her pllow,. now miite^ is that voice 
WhQse sound-: my airectTon in^cnsibW stob, 
A , ' M,T '*'*''^ ^>"* '" whose Warns I Tejoice. 
And veil d are those lips which enrapture my soul. 

ConcealM are thor;e check* where luxuriantly Mow 
nie lenderes^ graces of bcaurv and vouih, 

Aiid hidden from me is that b'»som of "snow, 
TJie mansion of purity, virtue and truth. 

Shp's Hbsent, yet lovely and graceful to view 
r.ivdfancvre^-.ores the fair j,ritle of my heart, 

fepring calls for tne verdure uf nature anew, 
^er sinUcs t\> ni/ senses iVcsh pleasures impart. 

more shall soft sorrow my versus ins^iire, 
)espondi;nce has clouded my spirits too lon^ 
:.vtacy sweeping the soul*breaihing lyre, 
,ove, Hynien, and raptiue enliven my song 


Tho' from thy bank of velvet torn, 
Hang not, fair hower, thv drooping 

On Delia's bosom Shalt thou' Hnd 
A softer, sweeter bed of rest. 

Tho* from mild Zephr's Kiss no more 
Ambrosial balms thoushait inhale. 

Her gentle breath, whene*er she sighs. 
Shall fan thee with a jjurer gale. 

But thou be grateful for that bliss 
Fur which in vain a thousand bum. 

And, as thou stealest sweets from her. 
Give back thy choicest in return. 





THE virtue of I,oM/i-a was vanquished ; but h^'r sense 
of virtue was not overcome. — Neither the vows of eternal 
liJciity of her seducer, nor the constant and respectful at- 
rcntion wiii'^1^ he paid her, during a htnried '[ourney to 
England, couldallay that anguish which she suilered at 
the recollection of her jjas*-. and the thoughts of her present 
sit'.i.iiion. Sir Elvjard felt strongly the power of her 
beauty and of her grief. His heart was not made for that 
part which, it is probable, he thought it could have per- 
formed : it was snll subject to reniorse, to compassion, 
and to love. These emotions, perhaps, he might soon 
have overcome, had they been met by vulvar violence or 
rejjroaches ; but the qu-e' and unupbraiding sorrows of 
Louisa, nourished those feelings of tenderness andatrach- 
nient. She never mentioned h«v wrongs in words : some- 
times a few starring tear* would speak them ; and when 
time had given her alittlo more composure, lior lute dis- 
coursed melancholy music. 

On their arrival in England, Sir Et/<ward carried Louisa 
to bis seat in the country. There she was treated with all 
the observance of a wife ; and, had ihe choscn'it, rnight 
havecomnBUuded more than the ordinary splendor of one. 
But she would not allow the indulgence of S-ir Edvinrd 
to blazon with equipage, and show that state which she 
wished always to hide, and, if possible, to forget. Her 
books ar,d her music were her only pleasures ; if pleasures 
they coulvl be called, that served but to alleviatft misery, 
and to blunt, for a while, the pangs of contrition. 

These were deeply aggravated by the recollection of 
her father; a farher left in his age to feel his own mis- 
fortunes and his daughters disgrace- Sir Edaard was too 
generous not to think of providir^- ^-n- Vcnoni. He meant 
to jiiake some atonement for the injui'f lie had done him 
by that cruel bounty which is repiii.tuun only to the ba^^tr 
but to the honest is insult. He had not, however, an op- 
portunity of accomplishing his purpose. He learned tnat 
Vcnoni, soon after his tUughier*s eiopenient, removed 
to his fnr)»ier place of residence, and, as his neighbours 
reported, had died in one of the villages of Savoy. His 
daughter fdt this with anguish the most poignant, and 
her ailiiction for a while, refused consolation. Sir Ed- 
ivarJ*i- whole tenderness and attention were called f jrth 
to mi*ij;afe her grief ; and, after its Hrst ira-.isports had 
subsided, he carried her to London, in ho]>es that objects 
new to her, and commonly attractive to all, mi^^ln con- 
tribute to remove it. 

With a man possessed of feelings like Sir Ed'u>ard\ 
the affliction of Louisa gave ;i certain respect to his atten- 
tions. He hired her a house sejiarate from his own, and 
^reared her v/ith all t^e dtrlicacy of the purest attachment. 
But his s'>lVcitude to comfort and amuse her was not at- 
tended with success. She felt all the horrors of that 
guilt, whichshe now considered as not only the ruin of 
herself, but the murderer of her father. 

In London. %\r Ef^vjurd found his sister, who had mar- 
ried a man of preat fortune and high fabhi<Mi. He had 
married her, because she was a line woman, and admired 
by fine men ; she had n^arried him because he was the 
wealthiest of her suitors. They lived, as is common to 
people in such a situaiion, nec'=^!-s!tous with a princely re- 
venue, and *ery wretched amidst perpetual gaiety. This 
scene was so foreign from the idea Sir EdwardYiTiA form- 
ed of the recep'ion his country and friends were to afff rd 
hun, thaMie found a constant source of disgust in the so. 
dety of his equals. In their conversation ' fantastic, not I 
refined, their ideas w<-re frivolous, and their knowledge 
shallow : and with all the pride of birth and insclonce of I 
station. the;r principles were mean and th^ir minds igno- 
ble. In their pretended attachments h*' discovered only | 


yto attain, and pride 
to blot out from his 
1 restored to an oppor- 
lily, whose unsvisppiM- 

desisjns ni" selfishness ; .1 

eil, were as fallitious as their friendships. In the'socictv 
of Louisa he found sensibility and ttuih ; her's was the 
only heart that seenied interest ;d in his welfare; she saw 
the return of virtue iiv Sir Edi-n-rJ, and felt the friend, 
ship which he shewod her. Souic-imes when she per- 
ceived Uim sorrowful, her lute would leave its mclancho- 
Iv lor more lively airs, and her countenance assume a gai- 
ety it was nvt fortued to wear. But hei heart was break- 
ing with that anguish which her generosity endeavoured 
to conceul from Ijim ; her frarnj! too delicate for the 
struggle wi:h her feelings, seeined to yield to their force j 
her test forsook ; the color faded in her cheek ; the 
histre of her eyes grew dim. Sir iVtinirJ saw those symp- 
toms of decay wiih the deepest remorse. Often did he 
curse those false ideas of i)leasure which had led him to 
consider the ruin of an artless girl., who k ved and trusted 
hint, as an objcctwhich it was Iti.xur 
to accomplish. Often did he wish 
life a few guilty months, to be aga 
tuni'yof givirg happiness to a fai 
ing kindness he had repaid with the treachery 
ber and the cruelty of an assassin. 

One evening, while he sat in a little 'parlour wi;h L< 1/- 
Mrt, his mind alternately agitated and softened wiih rl.ii 
inipression, a hand organ, of a ren'arlcably sweet tone, 
was heard in the street. Louisa laid avide her lute and 
listened ; the airs it i>layed were those of her na-ive coun- 
try ; and a lew tears, which she endeavoured to hide, stole 
fr<!m heron hearing them. Sir £Au«r</ ordered a servant 
to letch the organist into the room : he was brought in ac- 
cordingly, and seated at thedoorof the apartment. 

Ke played one or two sprightly, tunes, to which Lmi^a 
lad often danced in her infancy ; she gave herself up to 
the recollection, and her tears Howed without controul. 
Suddenly the musician, changing the stoj), introduced a 
little melancholy air of a wild and plain. iv/''ki!id. — Loyim 
started trolii her seat, and rushed up to the stringer. — He 
threw off a tattered coat, and black patch. It was hor fa- 
ther '. — She would havesprungto embrace him ; hetnrnetl 
aside for a few itioments, antl would not receive her into 
his arms. But Nature at last overcome his resentment ; 
he burst into tears, and pressed to his bosom his long lust 

Sir .E(/tL'ffr(/ stood fixed iti astonishtnent and confusion. 

* I coiYie not to upbraid you,* said i'eiwni ; • I am a poor 
' weak, old man, tinable for uybrctidings ; I am come 
' but to find my child, to forgive her, and to die ! Wli en 
' you saw us first. Sir iV/tuarf^, we were p.ot thus. You 

found us virtuous and happy ; we danced and we syng, 

* and there was not a sad heart in the vallev where we 

■ dwelt. Tet we left our dancing, our soi g,, and curchocr- 
< fulness ; youwere distressed, auilwepitied you. Since 
' that day the pipe has neverbeenhcafd ^n KcHont*s licids: 
« grief and sickness have almost brought him to the 
' grave ; and his neighbour's, who loved end pitted him, 
' have been cheerful no more Yet, melliinks. though 
' you robbed us of happiness, you are not happy ; — else 

* wliy that dejected look, which, amidst all the grandeur 
' around you, I saw you wear, and those tears which, im- 
' der all the gaudiness of her apjjarel, I saw that poor de- 
' luded girl sl\ed ?' ' But she sh.dl shed no aiorc,* cri- 
ed Sir Edmini ; ' yon shall be happy, and I shall he just. 

* Forgive,j|K venerable friend, the injuries which 1 itave 

* done the^Pw^rgive me, my Ltniisa, for rating your ex- 

* cellencc at a ]jrice so mean. I have seen tli'^s&^Wgh- 
I horn femalesto wl^ch my rank m.ight have alliedlBf : I 

■ am ashamed of their vices and sick cf their follies. 

* Prolligate in theirhearts, ainidst a fleeted piiritt , they arc 
« slaves to jtleasure without the sincerity of passion ; and, 
' with the name of honour, are insensible to the feelings 

* of virtue. You, iny L.wisit '. — but I will not call up re- 
' collections that iTiight renderi me less worthy of your fu- 

* ture esteem CiMtiiiuie to love your Kdviord ; btlt a 

' few hours, atid you sliall add the title to the affections of 
•a wife; let the care and tenderness of a husband bring 

* back its peace to your mind, and its bldotti to your cheek. 
' We will restore yotirfatiier to his native honie ; unilcr 
' that roof I shall once more he happy ; happy without aU 
' lay, because I sha'l deserve my happiness. Again shall 

' tliejji[ie and the danre gladden the valley, and i 
' and peace beam on the cottage of Venuni* * 

In a hlink leaf of Young's Nr;ht Thou.-:hl 
vhich it is said Burke hail, by rote, that ebi 
iiscribed the folio-wing couplet. 

Joveelaim'd the verse old Ilomev sung, 
But Godhiiiiselt inspir'd Young. 


Mil, U hwl at the Opa t.f the Mintrva. 

yOUy L. COOK isf seaton grantlaud, 




VomME 1] 

RICHMOND.— rC/£5Z)Jr, DECEMBER t, 1804. 

[Number 13.] 

7'ERMS OF " rUB MllfERVA." 

Ist.— ■• The MIyEnvA^^ will be neatly printed, 
weekly, on a haU'-slieet Super-Royal paper. 

li 2a.— The terms ;ire. TWO collars per annum to 
be paid in advance. 

3J A liandsome title-page and table of contents 

will be furnished (gratis) at ihe completion of each _ 
volume. * W 

[Tke follmiing ohmatiar.s on good-breuliiig, by Chesierfeld, 
the model ofpiitileHess, arc extracted for t'x bciejit ofuwr 
youthful readers. 1 
The means of pleasing van- according to time, place, 
jnd person; but the general rule is the trite one. Endea- 
vour to please, and you will infallibly please to a certain 
degree ; constantly shew a desire to please, you will 
engage people's self-love in your interest; a mi st powerful 
advocate, "'his, as indeed almost every thing else, de- 
pends on attention. 

Be therefore attentive to the most trifling thing that pas- 
ses where you are ; have, as the vulgar phrase it, you 
eyes and your cars always about you. It is a very foolish 
though a very common saying, " 1 ve::lly diu not mind 
it," or, " 1 was thinki:ig of quite another thing at that 
" time." The proper answer to such ingenious excuses, 
and which admits of no reply is, AVbydid you not mind 
it ? you was present wheit it was said or done. Oh ! but 
you may. say, you was tliinking of quite another thing : if 
luv wUy -ras y2tl not in quite atiothar place propT foi- 
that important other thing, which you say you ivas think- 
ing of .' But you will say,, perhaps, tliat the company 
^^'as so silly, that it did not deserve your attention; that, 
I am sure, is the saying of a silly man ; for a man of 
.f'nse knows that there is ivo company so silly, that some 
.ie may not be made of it by attention. 

L-ot your address, when you first come into companv, 
be mi'dest, but without the least bashfulncss or Jjeepish- 
ncss ; sMady, witliout impudence ; and uneii^harrassed, as 
ifyou were in your own room. This is a di.licult point 
to hit, antl therefore desenes great attention : nothing 
but a long i.sage in the world, and in the best company, 
can possibly give it. 

A young man, without knowledge of the world, when 
he first goes into a fjshionable comjKiny, where most are 
his superiors, isconm.Only either annihilated by bashful- 
ncss, or, if he rouses ai^l lashes himself up to what he 
thinks a modest assurance, he runs into impudence and 
absurdity, and consequently oflends instead of pleasing. 
Have always, as much as you can, that gentleness of man. 
ner, wliich never fails to make favorable impressions, 
provided it be equally free from an insipid smile, or a 
pert smirk. 

Carefully avoid an argumen:aive and dispuiive turn 
V. hich too many people have, and spitic even value ihein- 
company ,• and, when your opinion differs 
niaintain it only with modesty, calmness, 
st .but never be eager, lend, or clamor"..« • 



from oth; 

nd genti 

hen you find your antagonist beg^nnmg ;c grow 
:-arm,putan end to the dispute by wme genteel stroke 
of humour. For, take it for granted, if the two best frieods 
In the world dispute with eagerness upon the most tri- 
«i..g subject imaginable, they will, for the time, find a 
■■.omentary alienation from each other. Disputes upon 

flany suliject are a sort of trial of the understanding, and 
nmust end in the mortification of one or other of the dis- 
I putants. On the other hand, I am far from meaning that 
you should give an universal assent to all that you hear 
said in comjjany ; such an assent would be me.%n, and in 
some cases criminal ; but blame with indulgence, and 
carrect with gentleness. 

I Always look people in the face when you speak to 
them ; the not doing it is thought to imply conscious 
guilt ; besides iliat, you lose the advantage of obsei-ving 
by their countenances, what impression your discoure 
makes upon them. In order to know people's real senti- 
ments, I trust much more to my eyes than to my cars ;' 
for they can say whatever they have a mind I should hear 
— bat tiiey can seldom hiip looking they have no 
intention I should know. 

Ifyou have not command enough over yourself to con. 
quer yourhumours, as lam sure every rational creature 
may have, nevergo intocnmpany while the fit of ill-hu- 
mour is upon you. Instead of the company's diverting 
you in those moments, you will displease, and probably 
shock them : and you will part worse friends than you 
met : but whenever you find yournelf in a disposition to 
suUenness, contradiction, or testincss, it will be in vain to 
seek for a cure abroad. Stay at home, let your humour 
ferment and work itself off. Cheerfulness and good hu- 
mour are of all qualifications the most amiable in com. 
pany ; for, though they do not necessarily imply good- 
nature and good-breeding, they represent them, at least, 
very well, and that is all that is required in irjlxt coivi- 

" I have indeed known some very ill naturea peo'ile, wh(i 
were very good-humoured in company ; but I never knew 
any one generally ill-humoured in company, wlio wasliot 
essentially ill-natured. When there is no malevolence in 
the heart, there is always a cheerfulness and ease in the 
countenance and maimers. By good-humour and cheer- 
fulness, I am far from meaning misy mirth and loud 
peals oflaughter, which are the distinguishing character- 
istics of the vulgar and of the iU-bred, whose mirtli is a 
kind of storm. Observe it, the vulgar often laujh b'.ii 
never smile; whereas, well-bred pe.,plc often smile, but 
seldom biigh. A witty thing never excited laui-hter : it 
I-Ieases only the mind, and never distorts the countei;ance: 
aglaring absurdity, a blunder, a silly accident, and those 
things that are generally called comical, may excite a 
laugh, though neveraloud nora long one. among well-bred 

Sudden passion is called short-livtd mi.lnessi it is a 
madness indeed, btit the fitsofit rciurnso often in chole- 
ric people, that it may well be called a continual mad- 
ness. Should you happen to be of this unfortunate dispo- 
sition, make it your constant study to subdue, or, at least, 
to check it ; when you (ind your choler rising, resolve nei- 
ther to speak to, nor answer the person who e.\cites it ; 
but stay till you find it subsiding, and then speak delibe- 
rately. Endeavour to be cool and steady upon all occasi- 
ons ; the advantages of such a a steady calmness are innu- 
merable, and would be too tedious to relate. It inay be 
acquired by care and reflection ; if it could not, that rea- 
son which distinguishes men from brutes would be given 
us to very little ptu-pose i a.i a proof of this, Ine. frsawa 
Qtiaker in a passion. In truth, there is in that sect n de- 
eonim and decency, and an amiable simplicity, tUat I 
know in no other. 


Fr<r}n a London Paper of April 6, ItjOJ. 

VVe have tUe melancholy duty of mentioning the-lost 
of Sir William' Hamilton H« died at ten o'clock this 
morning, of what physicians call a Oiairhea, and which 
his phyfcician strove in vain to subdue. But probably the 
Diarrhea was but a symptom only ; the primary causeof 
which was, old age, with its sad and too sure concomitant 
decay !— Decay, which day by day, had long been con. 
sumjng the whole vigour of his body, till all that had 
been left surviving, weri tliose unpcrishable faculties, 
which like the happiness that is to reward them, God 
has granted to surpass the grave itself, the virtue of an 
eiiuiing temper, the powers of an incorruptible mind, 
lie died at his house in Picardilly, 

«' Thechavibrr iv&ere the good inan meets hh dootnt ' . 
" Is privileged beyond the coniinon vjalh ffl'J't:" 

It was the house whi -"i his amiable lady, with a gene, 
rous sacrifice that cannot be too much api-'lauded, bought 
for him on an interruption of his own finances, with 
some jewels, a present to her by a forei(jii princess, who, 
in a letter to our own popular sovereign, praises lady Ha- 
milton in full gratitude of heart, "asher best friend an (j 
preserver! to whom, she was indebted, certainly for life, 
and probably for the crown '." 

The death of Sir William Hamilton was without a 
gr>an. He hud not a moment's pain; but tired of the 
iiicrcjiMnij trouSk', the utter helplessness of le-ni^our, rnin* 
polled him to give to all around his d)ing bed, a torment 
o a delicate sjjJrit. " He manfully desii-ed his physici- 
an to forbear, if he pleased, each temporary stay there 
mir,ht be from wins or other stimulants, and mortis ter- 
rore carentrtn, let the last extremity come upon himuiide- 

*^* E'fjoy the present i>our, norjcar the IrM.'* 

Throughout he discoursed, with all the cleaVness and 
composure of fortitude. — •• His incoitijiarablc wife," (for 
so he called her,) " he blessed again and again — for the 
constant virtue, the faithful tenderness, to -wh'ch he ow- 
ed the best happiness «f his life." To his nobie relati- 
lions, who inherit his fine estate in Wales, he gave sug, 
gestions which surprised, from their expedience and'mi* 
nuteness J He recollected every thing, and finally of tha^ 
most momentous object, which must sooner or later pre- 
dominate in all human care, he spoke with that plenitude 
of Rerene thought, with that most enviable affiance of the 
uncondemning heart, which only virtue can give ! but 
which mere virtue alone cannot quite give !-—no, nor even 
to Socruves hijtiself ! The reward promised, to the pure 
heart. The hope full of immortality. 

These indeed among many excellencies, seemed to form 
the specific character of Sir William Hamilton! Simpli- 
city and purity of heart ! rare in active life ; — they are 
peculiarly rare in a life like his. For he was born in 
court ! yet by some happy combination in his frame and 
destiny ; these virtues were born with him, and with him 
rhey continued till he died : thcugh aM the long interval 
between was sjient amid cabals, the overbeaHng disgust 
of artificia.1 manners and pursuits, the competitions, the 
compliances, that are perhaps inseparable from politic* 
and public men. Where such strange vicissitudes succeed- 
ed without relieving each other, tot often lircseniing n-v- 



For 1804. 

thing buialteinMe struggles of duiies, \try liinl to bevir- 
tuouslydone; of indulgencics perhaps more hird to be 
innocently enjoyed !— As an ambassador, according to 
the airj' notion of Sir Harry Wootton, 'he was to lie a- 
broad for the good of his country.' But in this instance, 
it WAS a di^crc't sincerity, a noble plainness, manners the 
most nainiral, which did the deed — and it may be presum- 
ed dU it well by doing it^o long — for he was no less than 
S7 years in one embassy, and thai embassy was Naijles. 
At Naples, where some how or other, the moral energies 
do not rise with the 5uMi,ne beauties in the elements sur- 
rounding, where it still perhaps mayhi conceivable, why 
** ' I ampiKation — and why .Seneca would 

not trust his 


iigle night 

Asa benefactor to knowledge and the arts, and Ihro' 
Jheinto commerce and comfort in life, his successful ef- 
forts v-cre still distinguished by the same simplicity. He 
loved to b2 laudably employed. He aspired to be useful, 
and Ibus to the beginning (and he inf soOTier at Vesu- 
vius than he did begin) though not a ch\inist, nor a mi- 
neralogist prof-ascd (and let it be recollected, that then 
neither Lavoisier nor Werner had shone forih.) But as 
a most studious observer, he saw, accurately, what he 
could : and he told molt honestly what he saw ; and this 
sowcll that he did, what was wanting. The C.impiphU-- 
grei were explored, and the ilesiter.tta as to volcanic phe- 
nomena', were made known, as Birmingham and Siaf- 
fiirijliirc can witness; in the well-earned magnificence 
of otirma.iufaclories, Mr. Bolton, the Wcdgewoods, and 
many others. 

This shrewd power of selection shewed itself in all he 
said and did. Thur., wiien the king asked hiin 
whom he had chosen for his phy.sician .' he said, '■ Sir, I 
Jnve called in Dr. Mosely ; for I found he was the physi- 
cian to four old soldiers at Chelsea, and vourmai -sty but 
Tf.o well knows I am an old soldie'r mvselt !" At 
t^ie hcginni-.i'j his fatlier. Archibald, or his uncle, 
the Dukeof Hamilton, had given him a commission in 
the guards. 

His practice wa» very instructive for the distribution of 
tiine. Besides the business of his embassy, all hisamuse- 
rients were regularlv fixed, there was some oljjcct 
for every hour : and whatever was the object, in the 
chamns of landscape, the imitative aits, the invigorating 
exercises, the pleasures of the tabic, wh-icver there was a 
point of excellence, he was sure to tinj it out ! Andcom- 
" ■ what he fnimd with all tlie laptivation of giie- 
ninners, and a-iecjoteillustiaiions. 

, fine I 

Such IS a very rapid sketch of a few scattered In its in 
order but as they came out, lighted on b" fondness and 
esu-em. For mere faithlurnes-s, perhaps thev mav be to 
lerable as far as they go. And it is obvious the- could not 
well go further, in a limited pui>Iication, without more 
prep.yation of circumsfances, |:erhaps not without less 
emotion, certainly not without more time. 

Of Sir William Hamilton it is impossible to think 
without the utmost foudness-and respect. 

From all favoring accidents in birth, in hrecdiu" in pro 
perty high iilaces, distinctions of science, vast intercourse 
friendships almost singularly illustrious, multiplied pm-' 
suns, and popular attainments, he becomes a public cha 
r,-icter of great consideration, anil wliich might well fill a 
place of considerable space in the memory of man There 
are materials for an ample, in!,tructive work : and ther,. 
.s a gentleman of his fainily. who, by his taste and'know- 
edge as well as other affinity, might make it very de- 
lightful indeed. His age was 73. ' 

rf^h",^'^'^'^"^ Entertainment, .« so lively a picture 
been ,h, f "' ^"'' P'*''-^'" °^ '»^"'<'"''' '""■ 'hey l«ve 

«" ch civir";:;'- ' T'T'^' !" ''■"'■ ^^' ="«> "=«'»» i" 
■"iiKn civiiiza.ion has been cultivated, and the arts and 
tciences CT-couiaged and improved. '^ 

-,J^,7- '"" T"'"''"' '!"' " '''"='« "^ <;"tertainment, so 
imp<>Mng and aiiniiaicd. should so captivate the iim,r„r 
.ionandaftectthe passions. If the'Srical n rS; 
of any singular transaction eng,->ges our attention and n 
^rests usin the ev.nt. how much more must we be en- 
>Cag«d in ,he representation of a tratisaction, where the 

meet ^^,h in history, but the passions and sentiments 
which accompany them are heightened and inJ g^ted 
by b^utiful poetry, animated proiimtciation, and forcible 

The Athenians were so enthuslasticallv fond of dram- 
tic entertainments, that thev became one of th, ,, ■ ™ 
concerns of the State. Taxes we« leJied for tbi '''* 
of thetn, and, he public were adiuit'ed to L " '"''P"" 
distinction. The Romans, too, were Jr^Ju? ^'"" 
h.amu.em.nt of the Theatre. '^"* 8'=^"J J'voted to 

.hi^iH::^!;;:'::,^^^:^^^^' ""■""' •^-^ — 

turilly to a reflection on thedelicacv in which thev ought 
to be wrifen. If the beauties of poetry, the surprise of 
incidei.t, and the force of action are united to favor the 
vices of human nature, to make the licentious gaiety of 
the fashionable world appear agreeable and inviting, and 
the sober, m .desf and regular conduct of the virtuous and 
religious world formal, sour and disgusting ; if this be 
the general object of that species of dramatic representa- 
tion called Comedy, we shall easily see how disadvanta- 
geous it must be to the morals of societv ; and as Thea- 
tres are under the management of men whose sole object 
IS money, we may easily conceive they will favour the 
acting of those pieces which will bring the most profit ; 
andconsequenilv. if the ptiblic taste be vicious, they will 
as much as possii)le, favour that vicious taste, as the lik. 
liest method of obtaining th^-ir object. 


Every generous man should view the sentiments and 
the actions of the fair sex in the most favorable light. I 
can ascribe the contrary practice to nothing but an un- 
manly <:piri-, since, in many cases, those guilty of it can. 
not Tindicate themselves consistently with the laws of de- 
licacay. Nature has made man their protector ; and the 
lair sex re<jnires his protection ; he who should refuse this 
when necessary, would be reproached with cowardice; 
and much more if he should take advantage of their 
weakness. But is not he who inju/es a woman's cha- 
racter, to be esteemed as great a coward as he who as- 
saults her person ! Certainly he is : the former is an in- 
sult on the modesty, and the latter upon the natnral weak- 
ness of the sex. 

There is but one way in which we can suppose a ladv 
may vindicate herself from a false imputation, and that is, 
by the tenor of her actions. But then, how liable are ac- 
tions to be misconstrued ! AVhen once a slaiiderons tongue 
has given the clue, the world will be too apt to ascribe 
everything to a wrong principle; even the candid are 
soinetimes misled, and form suspicions which their honor 
would otherwise have prevented. 

The practice of viewing the female conduct in an un- 
favorable light, subjects the sex to many disadvantages, 
which I have observed in the course of niy acquuinl 


The Ladies of Paris, besides the general occupation of 
the toilette, have a course of education for every season of 
the year. In autumn they study horsemanship, in winter 
they practice dancing, in spring they have a course of bo- 
tany, and in summer a course of swimming. 

The Parisian beanx wear nankeen breeches in balf 
-res,, and even a, balls. S.ctUs are more the ,„n amid/t 
the votaries of the light fantastic toe, bm string.! are more 
elegant (rr walking. The deepest nankeen folor is the 
most fashionable : and therefore the fietiu mailrei get 
their nankeen garments well refreshed in a stroiiir infu 
sionot tea. *■ 

The i'<,n,m„ S<.//„,vear no ear-rings in a morning, or 
have them so small as not to be perceived In the even 
nigs, except in very full dress, they wear ear-rinirs of ,' 
large circuniference, resembling a serpent in a circle 
with an apple in its mouth : so that in looking on a well 
sketched „«M Belle, one sees at the same time the L„ 
ma,., the «-,/,f« and the apple.' and cannot avoid ex 
claiming, these Parisian dames are the/r., v,a,nen of the 

From Percival's ^cco,»i( ^thathland. 

tbelTl!.' ■''""T™.^'* "" "> •»» '■" proportion as the men ; 
they aretnnch fairer and approach to a mellow or mulatl 
to color. 1 hey continually anoint their bodies with co. 
coamitod; and m particular always keep their hair moist 
with ,t. Both sexes are remarkably clean and neat, both 
.1. their jieisons and houses i in dressing their yictu-ls 
they are scrupulously nice. They are cautious not even 
to touch the vessel, out of which they drink, with their 
lips; but, with an huropean. they hold the vessel some 
distance over their heads, and literally pour the dZk 
down their throats. It is perhaps from the fear of not 
doing ,t with suiBcient dexterity, that they never use their 
left hand m preparing thir food or in eatin^- it WJi' 
meals, they even seem to look upon the whlile'businesror 
eating a. something rather required by necessit, than 
very consistent with decency; while drinking tUeyne 
rer turn their faces towards each other. ^ 

places, where fish aboulnhef^'-^-'';, /^^.-me 
their meals, but scarcely any whlre is Bel "in'r.™:,' 

•' The Ceylonese are courteous and polite in their de 
mea„or,evei.:to adegretfar Acceding ^heir cir^l^^io^: 

In several q,;aiities the; ave greati) superior to ill other 
Indians who have fallen within the sphere of mv obser 
vations. I have already exempted them from ihe cen- 
sure of .stealing andlying. which seem to be almost inhe- 
rent in the iiaiure of an Indian. They are mild, and br 
"°;]"T' "I'''<="s <"■ passionate in their intercourse with 
eacn otner ; though when once tlieir anger is roused it is 
proporrionably furious and lasting. Their hattt^d is in- 
deetl niortal, and the; will frequently destroy themselves 
to obtain the destruction of the detested object One in. 
stance will serve to shew thee.ttem to which this 
passion IS carried. If a Ccyloncse cannot obtain money 
«ue to him by another, he goes to his debtor and threat- 
ens to kill himself if he is not instantly paid.— This threat 
which IS sometimes put into execution, reduces the debt. 
or, It it |)e in his power, to inmiediate compliance with 
il;e demand ; as by law, if any tnan causes the l.s, 
;1 another man's life, his own "is ihe forfeit. .. An eye 
101 an eye, and a tooth for a tooth," is a proverbial ex- 
prsi^um continually in their mouths. This is on other 
occasimis a very common mode of revenge among them i 
and a Ceylonese has of-ten-been known to kill himself in 
the company of his enemy, that the latter might suTer ' 

" This dreadful spirit of rev?ngc, so i 
the usnil mild and humane semi'ments o; 
and much more congenial to the bloody 
lay, still continues to be fostered by tlu- < 
the Candians. Amongtht Cinglcse, 1 
greatly mitigated by their intercourse w' 
The desperate mode of obtaining reven'^ 
jnst described, has been given up from h?. 
pointed of lis object ; as in all those pan 
mmion, the European mode of investiea 
nig crimes are enforced. 

-.consistent witlj 
the Ceylonese, 
temper of a Ma- 
ecret customs of 
has been 
th Europeans.— 
', which I ]>av« 
ling been ilisap. 
s under our do« 
lion, and punish- 

huZ^^y X ["'"rite opinion of Sir William Jone,, ,„, 

tion which 1 do not". I ■? ^".'''"'P'''^'""^"'- ^he asior. 
modest tleclaiation oAwiZ^y^T''?'^ the reader of the 
done the world any seniceltv, XT' "I '^ "l* '="* 
dustry aiid p^ti.^thoughr: '^;.: '^^Z^'^!^'^ 
sent to hir Willian. by a fried, Thomas liwe Es-W 

;aivedZ'o;;ini,'"n ' ""r7f ^'""••- -hxh h* had ,'na": 

taii.ed the opinion, whichl h.tve iinpnied to him ■ his an 

s«er, which was unnremedit i c<\ \1 , , ■"""".■ »":'"- 

I iiiiicait.i CO, is a conjinnatiou of it. 

Sir William, you attempt in vain 

By depth of le.son ,„ maintain. 

■1 hat all m-r/. talents are the same. 

And they, not Na-i.rc, are to bla-ne 

Whate'er you say, w!..ite'er you write 

Proves your opponents in the i-lsht ' 

Lest Genius should be ill tlefin'd 

1 term ii_,.„,„. super,.,, „und. 

Hence, to your trieuds 'tis plainly shewn, 

X ou le Ignorant of yourself alone. 


Ah ! but loo well, dear friend, I know. 
My fancy weak, nij- reason slo.v. 
My memory by art improv'd. 
My mind by baseless trifles mov'd. 
Give me, thus high my pride I rai«- 
The ploughman's or thegardcnei 
With [latient and unmea.iing toil 
To meliorate a snibl.orn .soil ; 
And say, no higher need I ask. 
With zeal hast thouperfoi,, 'i In- task 
Praise of which virtuous tm:..,, ,„ay ttiast 
They best confer who me ,■ ,no5t. 

ti Tz x^:r if alrcj^i'i^"' -^^'-' ^'^ 

and .Ey.m% are outside the street door!" ''""" "^ ^■•'"■'y 

FttOM THE Boston M'eeklv Magazine. 


In the first (:ode of laws inMassachu:ei;s, we find the 
folfowmg wholesome provision made to rest^in sco"dingt 
" Whercaa iherv isno express ijuiiishni^nr I i i- 

therto established affixed 'to the evil jn-ac'tcrof unclrT 
persons, by exorbitancy of the tongue i-rr.Uin"and 

sons Convicted r V'"''""'""^ ""''=''''• """ "" '"<='' P - 
sons convicted before any court or magistrate, having cor- 
..i.aiiceof .he case, shall be gagged or srt in a ducking 
stool, and dij.ped over head and ears three times in somt 

magistriite 6h;UI judge meet." 








IN April 1787,1 sowed three acres of potatoc ground, 
[a l!;;lii loam] wiih barley and clover ; ju st as. the barley 
\v as above ground, some Gypsum was screwed diagonally 
across the tield, about eight feet wide ; little oriiodtiier- 
ence ccxtUl be obscned in the barley : but in ihe moiuh 
of Jitpienribcr foHowing, there was a striking difference in 
the clover, in favor of the manure, wl.ich would have 
iftorded agood crop of havt whilst the remainder of the 
field wan indiflTeient. I have frequently put Gypsum upon 
gtaiii, without ub!:.crving any immediate d'.iierciicc in ih«? 
aj)peavancc of the crop. 


Addressed to the Members of the Virginiu Legislature. 

MUCH dissatlsfactiort is said to have existed atnong 
the public creditors, with respect to the inability of our 
State Treasury, to discharge its debts at certain periods in 
the year : my attention has been for sottic time ]>asi, en- 
t'relv bent on devising sehi mes for the future prevention 
cf this evil, which 1 now submit to your consideration. 

It is well known tq^jBvery one of you, that ihe " hol;f 
state of matrimony'* is hold in derision and conreni]-' by 
a particular class of men usually denominated " OU Jai- 
chelors ;'* — you will readily agree, that it is the duty of 
every good citizen to marry and raise up an ofTspri'ig fur 
the continuation of his si)ecies and for the good of his 
(ountry: but these un sociable and useless beings, cUed 
Old Batchelors, disregarding all laws human or divine, 
unmoved by the charms of feminine beaury or the pk-a- 
si:re5 of domestic felicity, ])ertinacioiis!y persist in their 
jntentionof and dying iit celibacy. 

To the dispassionate consideranon of our Legislature I 
refer the question, " Whether it is not pojlric and cquiia- 
blc, that euch Batchelor whohas arrived at a cevtain age, 
(say 30 years) should be tix^ Dollars, to 

be appropna'ed to the use of^e CommonweaUh ?" A 
law to thit effv-ct would be productive of innumerable ad- 
vantages. In the tirf>tplice, it would add a very Conside- 
rable sum to cur public rr^venue. 2d!y. It would anwlio- 
jratL* the uuprispcrous condition of no inconsiderable porti- 
on cf our iovely country wonicn, who noW pine unutr the 
insupportable stigma ntOit Maids; animproj-tr and illi- 
bpral sarcasn^ by which society wantonly distinguishes 
fvery ladv who has not had the good fortune to murry in 
her youth. 

A maiden relation of mine who is much interested in 
this question, has drawn up a ])Ctition to your honorable 
body, setting forfh the doleful condition of the neglected 
sisterhood : having procured a. ropy of this petition, I 
have sent it to the primers, togetI\er with this lottcr. 

"With every sentiment of rc-ipect, 

I have thehonortobc, G«nihmcn, 
Tour Obedient servant. 



The Humhh Faition of H x^y. \\\ UoPZi.T.s.s,Ccntie^vomaii^ 
Sheweth, — 

THAT your petitioner now is, and has been 
for two score years, an orderly and virtuous member of 
the coirimunity ; that she has ever been a peaceable and 
industrious citizen, never entertaining ill-will against the 
govcrnmentof her country, or exciting a spirit of discon- 
tent in others : she therefore hnmbly prays, that your ho- 
norable body will pay {lue attention to her supplication, 
and aiTord yuur gracious assistance in redressing her ma- 
iiilold wrongs. It has, may it ])lcase your honorable bo- 
dy, been the dire misfortune of the said Kanuab Hoptless, 
to be born in an age, when neither merit nor beauty receive 
the smallest notice ; as . proof of this, it will be only ne- 
c<*ssary'*'to remind you, that your disconsolate ]jetitioner 
has lived until this time in a state of celibacy, not from 
inclination, but because she has never received an offer of 
TTiarriage from any gentleman who was not her ini'erior 
both in rank and fortune. It is true that in her youthful 
days she was complimented by the addresses of many sui- 
tors, none of whom however deserved or received the 
smallest share of her attention : bat for the last ten years 
she has been entirely forsaken by her admirers, although 
she has giwn no just cause of offenca to any of them. 
Confiding In the wisdom and justice ol your respectable 
bndy, your petitioner, submits her deplorable case to your 
a'teutlve consideration, by no means doubting your 
ability or ineliuaiion to atford ample relief to «v»r/ op- 
pressed citizen. 


Anil your petitioner will «yer frij, kc. 


in gctterati and FeniaU Frifnilsbif} in particular, addreued 

to young Married Women. 


That gfrcat ma^iter of the human heart, Shak-ipear, 
his shewn us, that maidenly attachment is no match for 
th.- stronger passion love. 

T: all the counsel that vie txvo have shared t 

Tl'c sifter tw-j*. thp hours that ^ve have spent ; 

It^heii lue have chid the hasti footedtinte 

For parting us. — 0, and i.r a/ljfirgnt ,- all school-days. 

Friendship, childhood, innocence. We, Jftrmia, 

Liie t:vn artificial Gods, created with our nea-lles Imth 

Onejlower, both on mte sampler, sitting o:l one cushion, 

Snth vinrhling one snng, both in one key : as if out. 

Hands, our sides, voices and minds had been incorporate.^^ 


If such an almost instinctive afiection as that between 
Hermiaand Helena, was so tiuickly dissolved by the in- 
truder Love, I fear there are but few female friendships 
that will better stand the test : and to a delicate mind it 
may appear as* breach jierhajjs of those " sister vows," 
wlien one of the parties enters into another an<i more for- 
cible engagement : for love is aii imperiuus and engross- 
ing tyrant: of course, the gentler aiTection - must give 
way and retire withiiiitself, as ihe sensitive 'phtnt shrinks 
back by too intense an heat. 

In my small experience, 1 have never seen tlie same 
degree of attachment stlhsist belweeii two ladies af^er 
marriage as before, excepting they were sisters. The 
bands of natural aiTectinn are not loosened b;.- n"w er^y,^^^• 
ments : but those of choice or casualty iiccessariiy become 
rela.xedh;- the attditionof a new obJECt, as t:xieii:,io.i ies- 

ns strength. 

The minds of most young tvomen seem, and ind^fd, 

ght in reality, to acquire a new bent after marriage : 
Scenes different from those to whicli they had b2en ac- 
customed oi>en to their view : diflereut objects engross 
their attention ; every srate has its cares : and from the 
queen to the peasant's wife, each has her peculiar, du'ies 
to fiiliil : frivolous amusements are, or should be fenoun 
ced, for the more pleasing and resppcable avoca'ions (f 
an artectinnate wife, a tender mother and a bfl"vd an 1 
h iiiourefl matron of a faniiW. I hope it is impossible 'hat 
I should be so far misunilerstood, as to be thought to ex- 
clude married women from any amusement that is suited 
to their age, rank or fortune. I would not only ensure, 
but augment their happiness, and shall therefore say wait 

" Where virtue is, these are must virtuous." 

But still there is, or should be a difference in the enjoy- 
ment of their pleasures, between th? thoughtless gaietv of 
girls, and the tlecent chearfulne.'is of married women. The 
bright and transient as the youthful glow of health 
and vivacity that blooms upon the cheek ; the latter sliould 
)ress that tranquil joy which Hows from true content. I 
y be thought to have somewhat wandered from the 
particular subject of this Essay, though I hope, nut from 
general object. I shall now concindc with observing, 
as the characters Sc conduct of even her common ac- 
quaintance reHect honor or disgrace upon a young ittarried 
woman, she will be an inevitable sharer in that tiegree of 
respect orcontempt which her chosen friend possesses in 
the esteem of the world : and though its censures may 
soinetinies involve the innocent with the guilty, yet, in 
general, there is no fairer way of forming our opinions of 
persons we do not know, than from their intlmace asso- 

There is something still more alarming to be dreaded 
for a young woman, who is thoughtless enough to form 
indiscriminate friendship : there is a lightness of mind 
and manners in many tvomen. who though free from ac 
tual vice, have lost that delicate sensibility which Heaven 
has placed in the female mind as the safeguard of modesty. 
The rosy blush that gives the intuitive alarm to decencv, 
even before the perceptions of the mind are awake todart- 
ger, glows not upon their cheek ; the snowy purity of in- 
nocence beams not upon their placid forehead, though it 
may still retain its whiteness : — their minds may be 
coarse, however delicate their form : and their manners 
unfemitiine, even without being masculine. An intima- 
cy with sttch persons is of all others the most dangerous. 
The frankness and liveliness of their conversation render 
them too generally agreeable, and they frequently under- 
mine the principles "of virtue, before we find it necessary 
to stand upon our guard: As the platonic system has been 
long exploded, it is almost unnecessary to warn my fair 
readers against jjarticular intimacies with the other sex 
when not closely connected with them by the ties of blood 
or affinity. The whole system of nature must change, & 
the tyger and the lamb live peaceably together, before a 
smcere and disinterested friendship tan subsist between 
an amiable young woiDan and a man not nearly related to 
her, who has not passed his grand climacteric. A man 
cf iuch iw age, putseticd cf iciut and Ttciuc, mij pcr- 

kind : 

eful : 

but if a married w»- 
...... ., happy enough to meet with a proper and aflcction- 

ate return from the first object I have recommended to 
her choice, she cannot stand in need of any other 
fnend. ' 

(r5> The fourth Letter of ' The British Spy in Boston,* 
which originally appeared in the Port Folio, shall be in. 
fened in our ne.xt. 


Atistria and Prnssia, appear detern^ed upon a neutra. 
lity J and a war between Russia and iTance is not certain 

— The trial by jury, has been stopped 
ments in France — and a corrector of t 

1 depart- 

press is also ap- 

p nnted to c.taminc all publications before they appear to 


France, at present, is in 108 departffi ents and 444 com- 
mtines, with 5J21 Justices of the jjeace, cr cantoi.s,divid. 
eil intoSI Senatories, or tribunals of appeal, and (Jl cir- 
cles for Cobcrts of the Legion of Honour.— in 29 forest 
ranges, and in 27 iDJlitary divisions. 

By the ship Clyde, captain Dekoven, arrived at New- 
York, in 39 days from is stated, that the fever con. 
■Inued to rage with imabated violence at Malaga.- and that 
ir bad retiched Gibraltar and Cadiz, where from 70 to 80 
daily died. General Moreau was then at Cadiz,- but wa» 
pr--paiing to leave it for Grencda. 


Capt. Church 
Francois, infoni 
cond ofiicer gf tli 
.-■■as hung by order of Christoph 
vt-ral Frenchmen on board. 

ho arrived at Charleston, from Cape 
that on the 22d ult. captain Tate, se- 
led ship Pilgrim of Philadelphia, 
aving received se- 
endtavouring to 
make their escape to the Unitid States. Capt. Gibson, of 
the same ship, and the f.rst officer, escaped without any 
censure. This was supposed to be owing to the circum- 
stance ofChristopht's conceiving Tate to be a Frenchman 
I'h.-iuaii he pcrsis'edtj the la-.t moment, in dtclaring 
hiiiTielfto be an American. Duringthe execution, an A- 
mcricatt soldier rushed forward with an intention of cut- 
[itig captain Tale down from the gallows, but received se- 
yCral severe stabs, and was forced back. 

Captain Williatns, of the Drlphin, arrived at Philadel- 
phia, un Weducstlny the 21st instant, in 49 days from 

Leghorn, brings the following important intelligence ; 

that advices from iVIalta had been received there, of Com- 
modore Preble's success against Tripoli i — that officer had 
bombarded their citv, and done much damage to it and 
thefortilica!ion5,anS had sunk or taken a large Xebec, 
and three gun boats, with the loss of the commander of 
one of his gun boats, &.c. and was preparing for a second 
attack. This account was brought to Malta, by a gentle- 
man from Tripoli ; but nothing is said respecting captain 
Bainbi i'lge, or his crew. Capt. W. did not touch at Gi- 
braltar or any other place. 

Letters hail been received at St. Croix, says the Mer- 
cantile advertiser, stating the great probability of Den- 
mark joining the coalition which it was expected would 
be speedily formed against France by Russia and Sweden. 
Yesterday, says the New] York Morning Chronicle, sail- 
ed from Staten Island, and went to sea, about 5 oolock, 
P. M.the line ships Indostan of 20 guns, Leander of 16, 
Oliver Ellsworth, Eugenia, Sophronia, brig Dolly of 14 
guns, andschooner Dianna of 6 j^uns, all for St. Doinin- 
go. Four of these vessels are owned by Samuel G. Og- 
den, and rwo chartered by the same gentleman. 

Mr. Pichon, Consul General of the French Republic to 
the U. States, acting as Charge d°s affaires, has, ii is said 
received his letter of rccal, and will take early departure 
for France, being superceded in his ministerial functions 
by the appointment of General Turreau. He left Wash- 
ington last week. It is not considered that this arrange- 
ment reflects any disgrace on Mr. Pichon. His appoint- 
ment as a member of the Legion of Honor bespeaks .sa- 
tisfaction at his conduct — but it is supposed that he is to be 
einpioyed in a diplomatic capacity at some one of the Eu- 
ropean courts. 

General Turreau, Grand officer of the Legion of Honor, 
appointed Minister plenipotentiary of his majesty the em- 
peror of the French, to the United States, was on the 23d 
instant received in that character by the Pi^tident of 
the U. States. 

General Turreau was accompanied by Captain Marin, 
his firsi aid-du-canip. We understand that Piladame Tur- 
reau and family are daily expected, in a vessel that wai to 
sail shortly after the general's departure, attended by Mr. 
Petty, first secretary, an3 Mr. de Cabre, second secretary , 
of legatiou' 




i% jik ik h .1^ rti M % '!h ^Is ^ A & .^ 


■fa s« 




Happy a man may pxis his life. 

While frce'd troni nidtrimonial chains^ 
When lie is govern'U by a wife, 
' lie's sure to suifer foi iiit pains. 

What tongue is able to declare. 

The failings wiiich in women dwell ; 

The worth that falls to woman's share, 
Ciii scarce l>e called — perceptible. 

Iji al> 'he female race appear, 

Kypocrisu, deceit, and pride, 
*'r\i!li — darling of ah»?ari sincere, 

III WoiTJin nevercan reside. 

Tiiey are always stiulyiMg to emplo/,. 

Tlieir lime in vanity and prate, 
Tiieir leisure hours in social joy, 

To tpeadiswUfit all wonv;n hate. 

Prslmction take the men I say. 
Who make of woir.en their delight, 

1t:-)sewh'j conte?iipfto women pay. 
Keep prmlcncc always in iheir sight. 

• When rcddfor the praise qfiutrment thejitat and tUrS 
and ssconJ undjiturth Hues, ?ji«rf 6e read. 


TWAS in theevcning of a wintr)' day. 

When safe returning from a long campaign. 
Alien o'er toiled and weary with, the v/ay, 
. Canie home to see his SJly once again. 

His batterVt armi he carelessly threw down. 
And view'd his Sally with eni-aptur'd eyes. 

But she receiv*d Kim with a modest frown ; 
She knew not Allen in his rough disguise. 

His hair was knotted, and his beard unshorn. 
His tatrer'd 'coutremtnts about him hung ; 

A tear of pleasure did crich che^ik adoru, 
And blessings fell in torrents from his tongue. 

Am X so alter*d by this cruel trade, 

Tliat }OUyour faithful Allen have forgot f 

Or is yoiir heart unto another straj'M ? 

Ah ! why escap'd I frcjm the murd'ring shot 1 

When thus he spake, her wonted color fled', 
She ran and sunk upon lief Allen's breast. 

All pale nwhile, she lnok'd like one that's dead, 
He kisb'd, she bieath'd & all h^r loves coiifess'd. 

Yes, my delight — tho' alter'd as thou art, 
Rcduc'd by honest courage to this state, 

Thou art the golden treasure of my heart. 

My long-lost husband and niy wish'd for mate ! 


Adieu to the village delights, 

Wliich lately niy fancy tnjoy*d ; 
No longer the country invites. 

To me all its pleasures are void. 

Adieu thou sweet health-breathing hill, 

•I'hou can'st not my comfort restore t 
Forever , adieu ! my dear viUe ; — 
My Lucy, alas lis no mote! — 

She. she was the care of my pain, 
My bles.sing, my honour, my pride j 

She ne'er gave nie cause to complain, 
'Till that fatal day w hen slie dy"d. 

Those eyes thatso beautifully shone, 

Are closed forever in sleep ; 
And mine (since my Lucy is gone} 

Have nothing to do but to weep- 

C.^uld my tears the bright angel restore. 
Like a foimiain, thev never should cease; 

But— Lucy, alts! isno more ! 
And I ajii ai;rangcr to peace. 

Let me copy with fervor devout. 
The virtues that glowed in her heart ; 

Then soon (when life's sand is run out) 
Wc »h«U meet agaia i— never to part ! 

From the Bosto.n Weeslv Macai 

When my fond heart is totn -Aith grief. 
And sorrows rend my breast, 

Pity, then thou canst give relirf. 
And soothe my cares to rest. 

Thou dost assuage the aching heart. 

And dry the tears of woe; 
Thou blunt'st the edge of sorrow's dart. 

From which sad source they flow. 

Cheer'd by the gentle evening shower. 

The drooping plant revives ; 
So the sad heart's exhausted power. 

New warmth front thee derives. 

Come, Pity, then, thou heavenly maid. 
With thy soft rays descend ; 

! deign to grant thy generous aid. 
To guard iny much lov'd friend. 

In-pire her with thy gentle laws. 

My friendshij) to approve. 
And let me gain in Pity's cause, 

Whatt'tr I lost in love. 

FJlo^f TjiJi PORT roj^io. 

Oh. I tolf i thou canst surely tell, 
'Tis thee alone I dearly live. 

For thou hast seen ir.y bosotn swell. 
With sighs that Jove alone can move. 

Tliongh thou hast never heard me sa", 
That only thee I'd call my own, 

Yet does not eviry look betray 

A heart tha^ breathes for thcc alone ! 

Oh 1 then my love, dispel thy fear," 
For thou iiast all my virgin heart ; 

Come ! wish my lips IT. chace that tear. 
And wc will never, never jiart. 


Soft, silken lock, of beauty bright, 
Thatflutter'd '.t\ the beaiiis of light. 
From fair Eliza'se)e ! 
That graceful kiss'dher angel brow ; 
Inhaling all the fragrant pl-jw 
Of her inipassion'd sigh ! 

Like thee, who late in soft eml:race, 
Corl'd fondly round Eliza's face. 
Delighting and delighted j 

1 wanton'd once in rapture's beairv. 
Nor thought my happiness a dream, 
Tdl fate the vision blighted. 


When fascinating beauty smiles, 
Tho' deem'd a transient How'r, 

Vain man, w ith all his boasted might. 
Submissive, owns its power. 

Beauty makes misers quit their geld. 

And cruelty itsrage. 
And gives the ai-deiit Hres of youth 

To antiquated age. 

Th' imposter Mahomet, who knew 

The sweets and pow'r of love. 
With ever blooming beauties fiU'd, 
His blissful courts above. 

Aright this great observer judg'd 
That beauty's prnmis'.l charms. 

Would lure whc le millions to his aid. 
And bless his conquering arms. 


Lcrx alters not for ua lis bard degrees 
Kilt tho' beneath tie Thracian elinie ue freeze. 
Or thcmitdbllsa oftemiterate sties forego. 
And in mild vnmer tread Sithonian snow : 

X,ovt congucr'f all.- 


IN one of the large caves to which the families of 
Greenland retire together, to pass the ccid months, and 
which may be termed their vllbges or ciiies, a youth 
and maid, who came from different parts of the countrv 
were so much distinguished for their beamy, that thev 
were called by the rest of the inhabitants. Anningait and 
Ajut, from a supposed resemblance to their ancestors of 
the same naiti;.<. who h»d been uanrforined of old into 
tli« sun iuid mnoB. 

Anningait for sometime heard the praises of Ajutwith 
little emotion, but at last, by frequent interviews, became 
sensible of her charms, and first made a discovery of his 
afleclion, by invidng her. with her patents, to a feast 
wheie he placed before Ajut the talc of a whale. ,«mj 
seeiried not much delighted bv the gallantrv, yet, howe- 
ver, from that time, was observed rarelv toappear but 
m a vest made of the skin of a white deer. She used fre- 
quemly to renew the black dye upon her hands and fore, 
head to adorn her sleeves with coral and shells, and to 
braid her hair with great ex.actness. 

The elegance of her dress, and the judicioos disposition 
of her ornaments, had such an eflect upon Anniiigait.that 
he could no longer be restrained from a declaration <.f l.ii 
love. He therefore composed a poem in her praise • in 
which, among other heroic«iid tender sentiments, he pro- 
tested, that ■• she was beautiful as the vernal willow • and 
fragrant as ihyme upon the mountains : her fingers were 
white as the teeth of the morse, and her smUe grateful 
as the dissolution of the ice: that he would pursue her 
ihougl. she should pass the cJvcs of the eastern cannibals 
— tiiat he would tear her from the embraces of the eeni- 
us of tlie rocks, snatch her from the pav s of Aniorae 
and rescue her from the ravine of Ilafguia " He cm? 
eluded with a wiEh,that^»•< whoever shall attempt to hia 
der his union wiih Ajut, might be buried without his 
bow : and that in the land of .souls, his scull mijrht scive 
br.t r'"- "'* """' '"""-'"he droppings of t'ue starry 

This ode being universally applauded, it was expected 
that Ajut would soon yield to such fei-vour and acsoir- 
plishments ; but Ajut, with the natural haughtiness of 
beauty,expected all the forms of courtship : and before 
she would confess herself conquered, the sun i«iuvned, the 
ice broke, and the season of labour «.lledah to th- ir em- 

Anningait and Ajut fora tiir.c alwavs went out in tha 
same beat, and divided whatever wni caup-ht. Annin- 
gait, in the sight of his mistress, loSt no opportunity of 
signalizing hiscouragc ; he attacked the .sca-liorses on the 
ice ; pursued the seals into the water ; snd leaped ui.oi 
.he t>ack of the whale, while he was yet strurelinir with 
the remains of life. Nor was his diligracc le's to accu- 
Ululate all that could be necessary to make winter com- 
fortable j he dried the roe of fishes, and tiie .'lesh of seals: 
he entrapped deer and fo.ves. End dressed their skins to 
adoin his bride ; he feasted her with eggs from the rocks, 
and strewed her tent with flowers. 

It happened that a tempest drove die fish to a dis!ar,r 
part of the coast, before Anningait h-I completed hia 
store ; he thtref.,re entreated ,'ijut, that si,e would atlast 
grant Inin hcv hand, and acconipa.iy hii.i to that nait of 
ihe country whither he wa.i now lunimciied bv necessilv 
.'.jutth..„ght him r.oteniidcdto cond-ceus'.^! ;!'t' 
proposed, as a trial of his conMancy, that he should ivturn 
it the end of GUimnerto the cavern where their acquain- 
tance commenced, aitd there e.'ipecl the reward of hi» 
assiduities. - O virgin, beautiful as the sun shi.iinir ou 
the jvater, consider," said Anningait, « what thou hast 
required. How caMlj may my letuni be precluded bv a. 
sudden trnst, or ur.exiiecfed fogs , tiien must the nii-lit 
he passed without tny Ajut. We live not, mv fairrin 
tno.e ubled countries, which 1> ing strangers so wantonly 
describe .- where the whole year is divided into short dav» 
andmg.itS! where the same habitation serves for suin- 
nicr and winter ; where they raise houses ii, rows above 
the ground ; dwell together from year to year, with-l.ek. 
ol tame aiunials graziiijr in the fields about them ; tan 
tiavel from on: place to another, through ways enclosed 
Willi trees, or over walls raised upon the inland waters s 
and direct their course through wide countries, by thesi-'.it 
of green hills or scattered buildings. Even in suaimer, we 
have no means of crossing the mountains, wh.ise snow* 
are never dissolved : nor can remove to *iiy distant resi- 
dence, but in our boats coasting the bays. Consider A 
jut, a few summer-days, and few winter-nights, the 
life of man is at an end. Night is the time of ease and 
fcstittty, of rev^ii and gaity : but what will be the flaminir the delicious seal, or the soft oil, without the smil« 
of Aj at ;" 

The eloquence of Anningait was vain j the maid conti- 
nued ine.\brable, and they parted with ardent promises tt» 
meet again b»fore the nigiit of winter. 

To be concluded ui our next. 


M.ty be had at the Minerva Printirg-0_^:e. 


Tuio doors bjovi the Saian-Taxirii : 



RICHMONU:— r6f£.VD.^r. DliCi-MCEll 11, 1804. 


l5t— " The Miverva" will be neatly printed, 
weekly, ona,hilf-5-.ieetSjp-r-'.l<i)al pyjer. 

try, to thi- fasLinacion I I lu^riss, ,h<: e.ic.idn: iic.s , l 

words, and idius, 'hat characterise and elevate tile mind of , 

Charle> tvx, licli^hiing ever,, lieart, aiiu ai.aching every || 

unucisiaiidiiiri- '^' ''"^ B"' ■' '* "ecueulj in/ opimon, | 

Mr bliould seldom appcar»aud is never i.ivi.iciule ; j 

1 li. — The terns are 
be paid in nlvance. 

[.ARSpcr annin" to | 

3d.— A handsome titlc-paje and t^> of contents | 
will be fur lisheJ (grati..).at the coraptotei-of each \$ 
v.iluiiie. ____ _• - 

IT i» asserted that Fisheh Ames, m a member of the 
Bational legislature, attained greatei^celebrity, and was 
entitled to more iinmia^^»ppl»»«. '•'*" ""X *"""''■ 
who, since the es(ablis^|^Bk its constitution, had gra- 
ced that honorable asset^^ This appears to have been 
derived neither Froin jjAeBiect of ntatvre lea^inj, nor in. 

sii.ce with but lime In 
cd and inaUniissiblL-, '. 

n(ulev..>lcn'., .whose 
iouci,i,.ga.idkiiu l,„...n-.g Ae j-,.„ 
ili^ an i.uagii.ati ..\ (, 


^. \;ca aiid airict, bui nevi.r 

ii.uiKbe brani, 

,v iieartj'but nei- 

n. r i^ui.u.1^ ine u.iiititfta..<i' 

, varieu andpruH..c, v/itli all 

■idual weight ofchSflKfer, since, he had not reached th.: 
meridian of his days^rod rsen tlii' architect of his own 
fortune, and, u:ttil su')-->equeiit to the jieriod of his electi' 
on. was unheard of, and a sLmngcr, beyond the dimensi- 
ons of h'.s native state. Consequenily^his merit must 
have been nncom.non, and the propcrticg.of his rnlnd im- 
pressive and original. To 'tlo Aattrican has Fame been 
more kind, nor extended morB^PE The ice, upon my 
aiTival in this country, my warmest pre])ossessioiis wtr.; 
his, and my most antious desire to form his :n;f]triiti- 
tance . liUthft larter*! have Hithfrto '.^ 
Bu: I have seen, ani heir.l hi n — r* . 1 
the apparent decay of.h-ilth. a'l I thi' u v i ;c,u-,( s-.r-.n 
lily," Vli-ch engajes ever> e> e, and aH'ee s every luari. 1 
read his speech upon tiie Driish Trea'y, and have fou i-I it 
good, very much beyond mediocriiy, an. I w?ll tn 
pltase, to influence, and to excite, even .at will, the feel 
ii.fjs and the unde'rstandiitg of his auditors t though und. r 
any circumstances, except th.ise of th-. 'iidividual.sjjeaiier, 
the egotisms with which it abaunds, might be considerea 
re;.rchensibl%'i bUt, tncse circumstances adiiiittcd, they be- 
come Justifiable, and possibly, com.nendible. Certainly 
no specimen of American eloiuence lias, since the revo- 
lution, posse."=ed equal ability toaiove, to charm, and to 
electrize. This effect is to be looked for in the speaker, 
ra'her than in the composition — A man of pleasing ap- 
pearance, just reaching the meridian of his years, sur- 
rounded by personal friends, and connected by every tie, 
that ailds a value to existence, bscome the patient but in- , 
curable victim of a hopeless disease^ yet resBtlng the in- 
eviiable, and animated even to inspiration by the occasion, witliout efiort, presenting hiliise f before 
the assembled w isdom of his nation, richly endowed with 
fiucijc/ of uiierance, force of expression, and pa'.hos ot 
manner, these increased and improved by the advantitioui 
circuiiisiaiices, under which he yi-as situated, every female 
heart responding to his ani'jula:ion, and even th^ philoso- 
phic mind unable to resist its impulse, the hissing serpent 
pcm of personal envy and malevobiice silent and benumb- 
ed, and the more feracious spirit of party prejudice charm- 
ed into encomium, or conciliated into toleration. Fisher 
Ames is beloved. The jileasanincss of his humour, the 
fel ci:y of his wit, atuLihcrich brillia.icy of his imaginati- 
on, enable him to siiine as a companion, and give to his 
coU;ir]..,ial powers an attraction, which assiiiiubics him 
Kiore, aud brings him nearer, thanany man of his coun- 

Ihe grr^eousjicver of i'ancy, ad the lu.^ur/ of wor^a. j 
to delij^ht and to astonisii— tor such a ni i.i, and sucn a 
mind, to be shackled. by the ru'.es oi courts, A. coiltu-j i • 
thcstcriliiy ofciitiiiapit form, and comm mi place arj^u. i 
ment, would be a miracle, and is a miiappHcacion of nt- . 
ness and capacity ever ro be lame-itc.i, whi.e in the ap-. I 
|j*rf>riate path of tiieir original iuelinl-inn. lio rival in. u | 
ence would eclijise^ no iujjerior light ditninish their brill-,- 
ancy. "it'll, my dear S-^, Mr. Ames in his best sra-r 
lays no claim to x\\f perfe.-lion ofonforf. The vice, tha 
vehicle of the hunria*) unjer.^tan'l'.ig, that a*'ri: ive or re- 
pulsive anribute of mer-s sound, and -ciof iliiihty 8ens;i- 
lion, under whose defcc-s'ana , fine geuiuslase 
half is ascendancy, to wh we: happy moJulatiitfi'ii.^ 
the sensii.;i',:!L's, u'lder the direction r-f .nind. .ire obed! 
e.- . I .'tfr. Ames is lioi u iqnal tied. Flaen 

I . i.i» dcii Ml dcjcidedl/ is, he 1ki< s >iiie pa 

-aular t. ii'.-s .h\* are ru vc or local, and his accen.- is in 
^l^t t'egroi' prr/vlncl-i ; di'^cuUies which disappear un- 
. ; r ;:if- n i-.-.i.i-t-u- ' '.' '.is eliqiieilC:;, a-ld which, not u 
I , ,.,.,. ..,..,, 1, ,..,. i,„. |',..le f, . 

very much !) for delight a; - 


Mr. ',i-^-<; '1 a!sfC->ns-.rl«-r,.d nnecf the Iv-st writers ol 
his ct)6h'.ry : ihe eloquence of h-s es*rs, like that of Iv-, 
pubilc speaking, is fervid,, feeling, hi:;lily ornaiiientcd, 
cmistnicied to delight the ear of taiie, and fashioned t> 
aftecl tlie heart ( f sensibility, yet probably, more calcn 
laled to astonish than to convince, or to convert. Whence 
his opponents confess his talents, approve his honesty, 
adip.ire l|i»,wit, and are delighted with the richness ofh-; 
imaginatioii*, but deny the ascendancy of his arguments 
md all'ect to reject what they have yet found no champion 
sulBcicntly bold or able to coiuueract. 

Is it npt true, my S , that of all the professions, 

which lead to the exertions of the mind, that of the law 
gives the least chance of producing an author of ex- 
traordinary merit, on any subject detaclied from the theo- 
ry and practice of his own calling ? The technical style 
of its composition, the rules of cour^, the set habits and fi 
ed formalities of |jleading, 'shackling ihe mind, arresMi 
the ideas, ant! im].risoning the fi-ee exercise of the ima^ 
nation, giving constraint to all the graceful eccentricities 
cf original genius. Hence, we find our great Erskine a 
poor pamphleteer, and hence within theprecincs of parli 
anient — in which situation he was by his friends and ad 
mirers expected to appear omnipotent — we find hiscapa 
ci ies sinking below the level of his least formidable anta- 
ganist. In some future letter, when I have more accu- 
rately considered subjec-, I hope to analyse the cause, and 
consider its probable corrective or pi-eventive. At tii.- same 
.ime, if my leisure and means of information shall authi 
rise the atiempt, I will endeavour to take an impartial 
view ofiheexis-ingslateof li'era'oreinthe United State*, 
considering the scale of genius, the progress of improve 

ment, the enci-uragemen; to writers, and the increase or 
decrease of readers of taste, and just criticism. Also 
the ccmparat've powers of the different au'hors thithave 
already apj eared, with the aggrega'e of the whole, irc'u- 
dingthe abstruse sciences, and lea idles kllres. 
I should f nd it less arduous to give a crrrect stateu.entof 
the commerce of the country, its agriculural survey, or 
its architectural tmprovemcms. Of these also 1 arti 
not unmindful, anil. ))rovided ojiportunity is auspicious, 
you my dear S , shall not find me ne^l'gd^t. 


Professor of Mathemnlics anrt Pli.'.srfby' i.i tke Uuhersity 

.\uiior of the celehrated work, intituled Insf-tuzioni A'la- 
lyti.^ , (Analy'ica; Institutions.) 

We give this article as a refu'at'on of the arg'im^-its of 
those who maintain, that gre;i^|felents are exclusively be- 
;towed on men ; and who alledge^hat women have in 
no instance, given pViofs t^^rjginal and inventive pow- 
•rs, cf a capacity for patient research, or profound investi- 
,trtion. Let those, says our author, who hold these opi- 
■ions, endeavour to follow the of the Analytical 
I s-Uutions through the long scries of demonstrations 
I'bich .she has contrived so much skill, and exjilain- 
■ i wi»h such elegance and perspicuity : if they are able 
) do so, atid t-i compare her wi'rk with others of th« 
"1 e kind, they will prohabl' r*tract their former opini- 
ng, and acknowledge, tha' in one instance, at leas', in- 
''r.'tnalnow-rsofthe highest "i-derhtiv? been lod^^d in 
thehreast ofa And :f they are no- able, they 
■vill not ef course, see the rp.isons f-r nf''r""ni~ b»r sreni. 
us that others do, bu; they may letirn to tiunk modestly 
of their own. 

A great and eyc'len- Tij'l-^tr-a-tci-i". f-f her own coitn- 
'rv. hasd'Tlsved her .Analytical Ins-itur!',ns t" be a m-^st 
le,"f!!n* and in™, i-ui work, and, undoubtedly, the noblest 
fthe kind -hat ever proceeded from a feiiiale,p?n. It wag 
"m' lished in 1748, and has been lately translated into En" 

It ■' a matter orirrcat regret, that, of -kc I-^s'on' of so 
pxtraordi'iarv a per.ion, but few particulars are tr. be ob- 
•aiiied - the prlr.clia'. and of und-iubted -lu'h- i-^ci-y, are 
contained ill 'he f'llov.'injex-rart from 'he Pr'sidenr de 
Brosse's T.»'iers from T'alv, whit-h call to mind the m-ir- 
vfllousstf'rii-s of 'he .\dm'tablo Creigluon, well I m.v-n 
to every reader of that agreeable collection, the Pleasinz- 
Inrruct^r. * 

De Broose, in passing through Milan, about the year 
1740, was carried to a coiruerzatione- on purpose to meet 
Signora Agnesi, whom he describes as a young lady about 
eighteen or twenty, who. she could not be called 
handsome. had aline c'implexion,wi;han air of great sun- 
plicity, softness, and female delicacy. " 

"There were, (savs he,) about thirty people in the room 
inany of them from different countries in F.urope, who 
formed a circle round the ladv, a'ld a lifle sister who ac- 
companied her. The count Bolloni addressed her in » 
fine Latin speech, with the formality of a college decli. 
mation. She answered with great readiness and ability 
inthe same langua<~! ; and'hev e'ltore.l intoadisinitntioix 
(still in Latin) on the origin of f lu nains, and ni the cau- 
ses of the ebbingavid flowin- which is observed in some 
of them like the tides inthe sea. She spoke on tUij sub- 



For 1804. 

knowlcH^t, I was slill i 
I-ann with .iich purity. 

•'(TCt Jtke an angel, and 1 nrvcr heard it treated in a itian. 
ncr tliat gavcni2 more sattsfacttun. 'J'lic Count then dc- 
sire'l ine to enter with her on the discus&ion of any other 
tiiWjcct I chosi?, |.roirJjed that it was connected with ma- 
thematics or nattn-al philosophy. After making the best 
apjlo^* I could to the lady, for my want of sufficient skill 
in the Latin languag-;, to make mc worthy of conversing 
with her in it, we entered, tirst, on the manner in which 
the iin^tressions made on lite senses by corporeal objects 
arc coiniiiunicaic-d to the brain, or gmieral sensation ; and 
Afterwards o.t the jiropagation ofli^ht, and the prismatic 
ci'lors. Another of the company thc,ii discoursed with her 
on the transparencies of bodies, and on curvillinear fi- 
gures in geometry, of -which last I did not understand a 

•• She spnke wonderfully well on all the^e su'))ecis :tho* 
«he could not have b^^cn preparetl before hand, any more 
than we were. She is much attached to the pliilosophy of 
Newton : and it is marvellous to See a person of her age 
so converiant with s^ abstruse subjects. Yet. however 
much I was snrpris^ at the extent and depth of her 
nazed to hear her sp-'ak 
1 purity, ease, and arcuracy, that I do not 
rec'll.'ctany book in modern latin written in so classical 
a st)lca«ihat in which she pronounced these discourses. 
The conversation afterwards became general, every one 
sp;i!<ingtn the bnguagc of his country, and she answer- 
ing in the same language : for her knowledge of languag- 
es is prodlgi'ius. Site told me that she was sorry that 
the (:nnver.s:iti'jn of this visit had taken so much the for- 
Tttal turn of an academical dtppu^ation, and that she very 
jnucli disliked speaking on such subjects in numerotis 
coifipanies, v/Uere, for one tha» was a-mised, twenty were 
probably tired to death. 1 was sorr.- 'o heir that she in- 
tended to go into a convent, and tak ^ ihe veil : not froin 
the want of fortune, for she is rich ; but from a religious 
^ud devout turn ol mind, which di-.ivjsej her to shun the 
ple.v,ure5 and vanities tfthe world." 

Af'rv 'he work of tire Instituzinni Analvtiche waspiih- 
llshiM, she sv?s ma^p-professfir of ma'hr matics and phv- 
losophy in the university olSologja. But neither the ad- 
miraMnn shf ever? \vh?re mi?t wi'h, north"* entreaties of 
her Friends, could prevent her from executing the resoUt- 
lion she had taken, of seclildinc: herself from the world. 
After the dca'lt of her fa'hcr, she retired to a convent of 
jS/tte Nuns, remarkable for the austerity of i't rules : and 
ended her (lays in oite of those retreats in which ntistakcn 
p'efy has so often buried the charnas ^nd accomplish- 
ments, the vlr'ues and the talents which tnight have a' 
domed and improved society. The fare of Pascal and 
A2:nesi will reinain a tnelanclmly proof, tltat the inost 
flilendid ihilities, and the attammenrs in litera- 
ture and sc.ence. cannnt alwavs defend the mind against 
the inroads of superstition and fanaticism. 


1 ha^ 
^ iiaid t 


nr.enbeensur|).sised at the litile attention which 
the educa'iou of females in the state of Virgi- 
nia. Their influence both on the manners and characters 
of men, imist ever be extensive, since it connjiences with 
the earliest childhootl, matures wi'h our vrurh, and ceas- 
es not to rule even in old age. Yet we 'often see that a- 
miable class of society, permitted to waste the hloom of 
you-h in all the trivial amusements of the polite woild, 
while neither r^are nor pains are bestowed on the cultiva- 
tion of a brilliant understanding, or in fittingthem for the 
important duty of instilling the first principles of virtue 
and knowledge into the minds of their children. And 
though Ihe precepts of morality, and the beauties of lite- 
rarure. acqune a seductive grace when flowing from the 
lips (-f a mother, which can n^ver fail to allure the young 
?nd tenderniind. to a love of science and an ardent pur- 
«ni' of true glory : y."twe .scldotn 5:e that attention paid 
to the education of ftmihs, which is necessary to fit them 
for the instruction of those whom forture iriay destine to 
)ill the lltost important stations, " to coinmand the ap- 
plause of lislning senates, and scatter plenty over a iiuil- 
ing land.'* 

Whence -his eu'pal.le inattention has proceeded, it 
would perhaps be diflicult to de-ermine, were we to search 
r^nly for reascns which would justify it. Man in his boast, 
ed wisdom, is not con'ent with vainly supposing strength 
aild energy of under. :anding his peculiar attribute, and 
with proudly assuming the sole nianj^ement of every im- 
portant concern. 

WoiTien, iti his opinion are not only excluded from an 
e<iual pavtc'pa'ion in these inestimable gifts of nature, 
l<u; are behcved to be fitted onli- for the arrangements of 
domes'ic oKonctny and the inferior concerns of life. And 
the arrogant lords of tlie creation viewing the fairer sex 
constituted, rolely f.-r their convenicme, permit the iove- 
) ■ -.ip-.-y, |,.U5|, unseen, aiwl waste its sweetness in the 

li^deed the extreme ill nature which men sometimes 
display, when one of the other sex presumes to burst the 
larrow confines to which the minds of women are gene- 
»a!lv circumscribed, would almost justify a belief, that 
they are actuated bv other motives : and that a $i>irit of 
rivalry, a fear of competition, and an apprthension of be- 

ing defeated, after all their vauntiiigs, by thnsethey afiect 
to hold in contempt, can alone actuate them, when with 
the malevolence of dullness, or the keenness of wit. they 
pour out their bitter sarcasms against the acquirements of 
the ladies. This propensity I liave observed to be almost 
universal ; from the philosopher who discovers that female 
writings are superficial, to the insignificant co?;comb,w'ho, 
a stranger to the beauties of literature, or the richesof sci- 
ence, yet envying the accomplished woman her brilliancy, 
her wi: and her information, in the true style of f>pplsh el. - 
queue, cur«j the pedantry which he might strive in vain 
to imitate. 

For my own part I have ever been averse to believing, 
that nature had withheld from the fairest of her works, 
that intellectual excellence which she has bestosvcd on man 
with so beneficent ahand, or that she had even been nig. 
gardly to woinau of thobc gifts whti:h she lavishes on 
man. ^', 

It may not be impossible that there is a difference be- 
tween the minds of the se.xcs. correspondent svith the dif- 
ferent de.i»rees of delicacy in their conformation. To man 
may be given strength and energy of understanding ; a 
ca]jacuy for laborious research, and a power of eniluMclng 
a more extensive rarge rf science : while on woman is 
lavished gaiety, sprigh.liness of fancy, and a mind adapt- 
ed to the more engaging pursuits of elegant literature. 
To the ope it may be allowed to climb the steep ascent 
which leads to the temple of science, but 'tis the peculiar 
attribute of the other to strav in the enchanting walks of 
imagination, and to cull the various beauties which bloom 
around. To man it liiay belong to gaze with curious eye 
•to distant Worlds, to unravel the mazes o( philosophy, to 
devclopc thj nature, of the liuman mind, to inveftigal»*he 
great principles of morality, and to form the code vthich 
ihall bind vice in an indissoluble chain, and hold forth to 
virtue its reward : but who more sweetly can rich the 
delicate cliords of sensihiiity, whomore skilliillv can awa. 
ken every finer feeling of the soul, or, inspired by the 
muse, can strike v. ith Mirh a r.ugic power the iyrc'o trem- 
bling stnn,-;*- M charming woman. Nor docs science 
" frown on her birth." For her the ample pages of his- 
tory are unfolded, and to her e.< e jihilosoph/ disdains not 
to unravel her inysteries ; winle every work where taste 
and fancy lend their the writer, blooms un- 
der her plastic hand \;'iih ten fold beauty. 

A female epistolary correspondence will always give. 
rise to these reflections, on the resjieciive talents of men 
and women. It is the province of letter ^vritiilg to join 
variety with ease, tobvtathe tenderness t.lthoift formaii- 
ty, and to convey sentiment witiiotit stilTncss and i^^ttt- 
try. Few men are possessed of these sliperi.-.r excellen- 
cies. Their ncv3 hecr^nies stale in tho r.cital, their joke I 
isnever divested of their gra/itvMieir s.iripath/ i.s un- ' 
feeling, their friendship jn Jn a'ff^ed v.-ariruh c." expres- 
.sion appears additJonallyc.ild, and their letters degene- | 
rate into the solemnity of anesnay. The female write,-, 
on the conti-ary, gives a chr-rin to every thing she touch- 
es ; her sprightiiness swells li-iflesi-.ito' importaniie : her 
gaiety lends asioUe even to gravity itself Sllg-^catches 
those minute circumstances which would escaji^'less de- 
licate observer ; she placesiheni in the most advantage- 
ous light, and disiJoscs them with such a taste and judg- 
ment that they reflect brilliancy on eaeh other. In her 
descriptions she is never tedious, for a single glance de- 
lineates the object. But if her pen paints to the eye, her 
language reaches the very heart. Her ridicule and wit 
convulse us with laughter ; her tenderness and aD'ection 
steal from us tite tear of sensibility. The feiiiale writes 
without art, for to its precepts she is a straiiger : but na- 
ture is her mistress, and there is a delicacy and ease in 
the effusions of her pen, which the most sttttSicd perform- 
ces(can feebly imitate. As the rules for the epic art were 
not formed by tlie commentator upon the Iliad until they 
had peen taught by a successful experiment ; as they 
were drawn from the imtriortal works of the Grecian 
poet, who unconfined by rule, pursued the inspiration of 
a sublime and transcendant genius, so the laws of epi,to- 
ry wriiing weie probably first deduced froMi the follow- 
iiig and elegant performance of some sprightly female. 
Hence we may account for the coi-respondence' between 
the precepts of criiicistn ard their successful specimens 
of fine writing. Hence we may account for the superio- 
rity of their letters in every language. Inns, 'tis reason 
that dict-atts, in them it almost seems an instinct: : and 
instinct gains " by quick nature" a ha;ipiness of expics- 

Which I'tamcr reason labmrs at in vmn ; 

Far reason raise o'er instinct as you can. 

In this 'tis God Mrects, in ibat 'tis vtan. 

Though it may be difEctilt or impossib e to adduce as 
many illu- .,-iousexampics of female excellence as are fui^ 
nished as of the superiority of men, yet it cannot thence 
be fairly inferred, that the' fairer sex is incapable of equal 
improvement when enjoying similar advaii'ages. History 
has aSoideJ us some instances of females who have filled 
with splendid talents the most exalted staii-Jns, & whose 
mental e.^erlians have ri.sen ivith the exigency of ihe i coa 
sion, from feminine w'aknrss to masculine s'reng.h and 
vigour. It has indeed been the favorite the-.ry of sumc 
philosophers that the human mind may be compared in 
its infancy, to a she*- of blank paper, capable of receiv- 
ing every impression ; and though it may be doul,-ed 
whether :-?r -A varieties of hutnan nature, have originat- 

cd in education alone, yet I cannot but believe its influ- 
ence more overruling and extensive than isgenerally imal 
gined. Among us the dilference in the understanding^ 
of the sexes is surely not greater than in the delicacy of 
their forms. In savage nations how ever, w here the most 
laborious duties are imposed upon the female, they are 
observed to be more robust, more hardy and more cai.a. 
ble of enduring labour than men. 

Exercise is confessedly scarcely less beneficial to the 
mind than to the body ,- and the same means which are 
found to give vigour to the one, might successfully be ap. 

plied to remedj ing the i 

1 of ths other. 

Seldom indeed have the excellencies of both sexes been 
concentrated in the same individual ; and if, on the other 
hand, we admire the masculine understanding, and com- 
prehensive abilities of an Elizabeth or a Catharine, we 
cannot on theortlcr, but regard them as decisive proofs of 
the melancholy truth, that the feelings of the heart are 
often sujwrcrded as the of the inind is increased. 
But fortunately the happiness of mankind docs not re- 
quire, nor rloes the nature of society permit the rays of 
science should be every where equally diffused. Som'e arc 
destined to project— others to execute. Some are coniin. 
edtotlie labt-rs of the closet, to others are assigned the 
toilsof the field i and while *mcfoiinthe liead i,f the 
social system, others must be contented with the mo-e 
humble duties <f the liirbs. Ktrceit is i,nr.ttr! larv 
th-it females should be initiated into all the inni- 

catc pursuits of philosophers and statesmen 

i o man it is given to wield the sceptre of power ; whil- 
in domestic scenes of .lappiness fair woman binds •• the 
lords of the creation," in ;he silken fetters of love. The 
one is destined to drink dcftply^of the I'isrian spring, but 
for the other it is sufficient «>.htve tasted its transluceat 
w.-tters. The duties t-fifian are labour and application. 
1 o woman belong the fond solicitudes of a mother, and 
the tnciearing tendernoss of a \«4fei The one niav tread 
the thcatr,; of life; to. the otlitt, it is giv-.:n to 'move 
"m tlie narrower'scehes of sweet domestic coinfort," to 
■;harm avay the cares which assail ns, sooihe the soul 
into peace, and to cull -the fairest blooms of subkinary 
bliss." Dearbo-ight indeed are theacquiremcnt-.puicha-- 
ed at the expcijceof those amiable graccsi ^that seihictirg 
geniieiiess, snd', which charac crize Learning is orlv to be va'i-ed bvher. so far as 
it sets off her naiive^x'.iarm, and gives i polish to the 
m.nd which will i,ur%'e the precarious beauties of the 

Nothing incl.,-cd can be more disgusting than jtedantn- in 
a feinale. I: is, so incotisistent wici; that rciiring m-jdesty 

arc .scarcely less shocke-i at meeting witlj it in a feft^alc 
th.m if we should see a lovely girl dtf.-raied bv an enor- 
mous beard. Pedantry as ;c is the cR'spring of vanity is 
always disgusting: bin in woman i£ is' intolerable.' The 
same delicacy which dictates to retire from the gaze of 
adlTiii-aiion, must forbid the displav of the brilliancy of 
her talents, or the extent of her learning. She withdran-s 
Irom the general observation which feminine softness 
can never solicit, and only to the persevering eye svhich 
follows her in:e retiremeiit, and woos her confidence, dis- 
covers a sii|)erior and enlightened umlers-anding ; an un- 
derstanding which contains within itself a ne-/er failing 
source of aniuei. lent and delight, though far reoioveJ 
from those gay scenes where folly and dissipation eternal- 
ly preside. 

Emulation glows not in the fernale bosom with an ar. 
dour inferior to the unextinguir.hable flame that lires tli' 
soul of rnan. Fearful lest mankind should fail to di.scovc- 
oiir merits, v/e all seize wicb avitlity every opportunity of 
displaying them. Hence the soldi.-r recounts his battles 
and his scars, the wit i.s talkative, the philosopher launch- 
es out on the ocean of science, and even the coxcomb, bv 
nature almost shared out of , excellence, with disgusting 
f..«-wardnes3 exhibits even- trivial accomplishment 
he thinks may please. Hence too the fashionable lady, 
whose bofom displays iriore than wonted loveliness, tran-- 
cends even those bounds that ihepolite world have alrea- 
dy too much extended, and unveils the charms which till 
later dajs w-cre left to innagination's power to pourtray. 

But however disgusting pedantry may he, there is, I 
imagine, less danger of falling into that error that of ad- 
hering to the careless system of education so common a- 
mong us. 

The charge ofpeilantry is not always just. We so sel- 
dom iricet with women to whose education proper art-?n- 
tion has been ])aid, that a remark not the most comm-n 
catches our attention ; and as it is not alwavs the dts])o- 
siiionof mankind to assign an motive for tlie 
conduct of others, a sensible woman is too apt to be con- 
sidered as pedantic, and to be regarded wi h aversion. 
Formy own part, as I have never bfen able to discover in 
w-hat manner the feelings of the heart can be injured lo- 
liberalizingthe mind, or how a female is rendereii incapa- 
ble of her domestic duties by becoming an engaging com- 
panion to atri-in of understinding, so neither can I, see a- 
ny i^eason why those acquin:men;s should d.-grade the !'-• 
dy into a pedant, which elevatei the man to ilie chara^-ter 
of a gentleman. 



Ii is dilTicult to contemplate man in a more aUsurd »nd 
ridiculous li^hi, than in his att;ichme:ic to Tobacco: a 
■vvccd, not more nauseous to the tasTe, than it is unfricitd- 
ly to health and mjrals. Its in.laeice ujiDn Ijoih is here 
T.roposed to be exhibited, In a ccjucise manner, lor the- 
serious coiibideraiioii of those who are addicted to its 

And first, its effects on Heattb. It may be asserted, on 
ihehiglic't meiical au.liori >', that the use of Tobacto 
impairs the apfetitt i that it prnm ):es indigestijn, and 
through the waste of ih'; saliva iQ^,h| chewing ind sm )- 
king, ihnl it produces m.tny of tl|g||fc disorders wliicli ari 
seated in the nerves'; as ireiiiorsin^e hands, lieaJ-aclK-, 
epilepsy, pals/, Ujj.jplexy, and many tKlier coiii^ 
Th! iii.t smote of Tobacco has destroyed a wliok- set of 
Ifrti. in a very short ti.lle : and, as well as c'ncwlng;, it 
J'ou'.s tn- uiou-h, and necessarily renders the brciiib e.t- 
xr'i\x\i:^> t>jjcnsr.'e. The ii^e of snuff injures the voice b/ 
obstnicti.ig tlie nose ; it renJijrs the comjtlcxion of a dii.a- 
greeahlc dniky color ; and also taints tlic sw«et brea'li 
with the rank odour of a Tt'bacco cask. For -this l^ason, 
the ladies of fashion in Franc;; it is said, seldom take 
onnti till they mitrry, a very high compliment, no doubt, 
10 their husbands. The memory has been likewise entire- 
Iv lost l)y an excessive use of snulf. This »a3 the case 
with Sir Jthn Pringle, President of tlie Koyal Society of 
Londan ; but after following the advice of his friend Dr, 
rranklin, to desist from taking snulT, he very sopn regain- 
ed his powers of m<£iuoryt though at a very adva.iced 

.Secondly, its elects on fltora/*. SiVioaking and chew- 
ing promote a ihal^Jbr strong drini, which leads to intm- 
/jerjiice ^n<i firviUfnncss. Stlioaking disposes to i tlrmss, 
which is the roo\ of 6jany.eyils. Tlte use of tobacco is 
jit'.es.v,aily connected v.-ith a neglect vtcleaniinest, which, 
for itsfavnrahh- v'ifect en morals, ought to be ranked a- 
jnnngtlte cardinal virtues. Smoaking is o^en*.'ve to those 
who do not stnnke ; snd to Emoke, thcreijre, under such 
rirtumstances, is a breacli of good manners; to these 
may be added, tiiat sinoking segars i» a very common 
cause of iicadenti byjin-, as the daily rej^orts in our news- 
pa]. ers of destructive confla^atipns will testify. 

The frientls of tobacco offer two arguments in its favor : 
Isl. that it is preserrative frrm contagious diseases, l>Ut 
lact contradict tliis idea. Howard, the philanthropist, 
proved it had no efficacy inchcckijig the con^a^ion of the 
j'ligue : r.nd exiicnence in this country htis amnly as- 
certained. tl\:.t i; isequall/ ineileCual agj.inst ih^- inllu- 
cn/a or ytllnw fever. 2d. Tliat snioalting and snuiV re- 
lieve that uneasiness wl.ich arises fr im e.'.ting a too plen- 
tiful meal. A far more rational and elTectual remedy 
■would he to les;. ; and thereby derive th« additional 
•dvantage of avcidingthe sin of glattor.y. 

To conclude The greatest ])hilosnphefs and physici- 

t.ns uniformly condemn the use of tobacco. Dr. frank- 
lin a few iniinths before hisdcatii, decUitd with e\ulinM- 
on, that he had never iscd tobacco in any way, in the 
course of his Ion:,' lite : and it is believed that VVar.hing. 
ton could nit.l-ethe same boast. Dr. Rush has written an 
F.ssay against it, front which revcral facts liiere introduc- 
ed, are derived. 

Arouse then, O ye SntilT-takers Chewers, and Smokrr= ! 
F.xert vourrelves to overcome this destruc'ive and gr ^ ■ 
ingeviil T'l' inhabitants of the United .States are said 
to consume more tobacco than any other civilized nation 
on earth, or than any U'lcivili/.ed, the Turks only except- 
ed. Arc, you, then, ambitious to bear av.-ay the p:Jin 
from the Mahometans, for those tnienviable ipialiiics, 
winch that indolent, igr'orant, and br.rbarous nation of 
iniokcrs proverbially possess ! 


Completely to eradicate this disorder, I will rot posi- 
tively say the following rcm"dy iscajiable of doing,- but I 
V ill venture to aftirm. that a temperate mode of living 
(avoiding spirituous liquors wholly ;) wearing flannel ne.\l 
the skin j andtaliing every m.irning, half a pint of new 
milkmixc^ with a wincg'ass fu 1 of green hoarhound, the 
complaint will not only be relieved, but the individual 
shall procure to hiinsalf a length of days beyond what its 
mildest form could give room to hope for. I am myself, 
Sir, a living witr.ess to ilie beneficial eftects of this agree- 
able and though innocent, yet powerful^ajnilication. Four 
weeks use of hoarhound and milk relieved the pains of my 
"breast ; gave me to breathe deep, long and free ; strength- 
ened and harmonized my voice : and restored me to a 
state of better health than 1 had enjoyed for many years. 

[Caz. V. S. 

N'ne-tenths of the happiness of inankind depends on 
their beingcontented in the situation for which the God 
of Nature has designed them. He whoemploys his head, 
is not so happy ts he who emjiloys his hands without 
mental anxiety. Tlit thought .f this oughi to •.heel; iin. 
proper ambition. 




AS your paper lias a general circulation among 
the females of I^orfolk, and pr< babiy of Kichinontl and 
Petersburg also, the enclosed Essay is sent ycu for publi- 

Norfolk Borouih, D.-. 



On female charity SCHOOLS, 

Respectfully aJJreued to the Ladies of Norfolk , Petersburg 

and Siebinond. 

THE great Htllity of Free Schools, when patronized 
and disciplined wth a tolerable degree of liberality and 
prudence, has called foith the merited panegyric of the 
philosopher and the philanrr 'pist. The bjst moralist;; 
inform us. that ign'iraiice i. the most fruitful source of 
vicious actions ; that the acfpiisition of knowledge, deriv- 
ed from a moral education, 'is not only the sfro.ig-st barri- 
er a^jainst vice, but is also the liveliest incentive to a strict- 
ly virtuous conduct. 

These cursory preliminary remarks are. T presume, suf- 
ficient to establish the fact, that /.^ icno.i.v\ce tnay be 
justly attrihuted, the origin vf .1 t't^v c<)naidcr.V>!e fH>rtion <y 
th-ise crimes ^ by the t-ecital tjfiubicb hum.mity '*' £0 <y«'i'.- 
sh)cteci. This observation aiiptie^ wi-h duuble force to 
the female sc.x; tbef ar,t not only exposetl to those snur*. 
by which innumerable men have been ruined ; but a pooi 
ignorant girl is liable und likely to fall a prey to every 
,-*"jiligate ra!;e who may conceive it worth his pains If 
despoil her of her onlv treasure — her iniiot ence and vir 
me •" What is the condition of the unprotected ignorant 
female, who, without relations cr friends is turned upfeu 
the wide world, a forl'-.m wanderer ? - Unacquainted with 
the ruinous arts of villains — ^oiise<lupntly urtsu.;,Iiecting of 
those whomay seek lier ac'-iuaintaicc, and glad to con 
tract an intintacy with any who nniy^ oder their frit.'nd- 
ahip, it if, almost a miracle if she shoidd' estap"-- th.; vor- 
tc'X^f j^uilt, which is perpetuity yawning to r'tctri.'.; Iter. 
The feniaie cbarac-»;r is exceeding — ^It^vii.t^' Seen 
once tarnished, it cvn nc/er be.rentored to its won:ed Iws'? 
trti — \>*hen a woinanhas forfeited hcrrepu.ation, ulie.'ha^ 
little more to loose ; the power of EiAperors or. the tl^*»lth 
of Suhans caunoi r.'gsin it. When an unfoiiunale but ho 
nest girl, cnmpt-llcd pcrh.ips by nec-.-ssity, has made one re 
trograde step from thj path o&,yjj't.ue, fheis irrecovevabl . 
loHt to s,.cl.ry : con ^■l.T^-d anil despised by h«.r o,vn s'-\ 
— slitjbted and neglec'ed by ev.;ry one, she is drlvi-n to 
desperation: distressed by peinny, and -1 based in hti 
own estimation, sheplunges im-oihe fathoml''ss giilnh ol 
infairiy, — and becomes ohc of that abandoned, yetpi-ia 
ble sisterhood, whom we so often see in our stn-ets, bear 
ing about them all the tokens of extreme wrelchcdnesB 
and consummate vice. 

Let me contract this picture, antl con'-etn'plate a more 
pleasing scene. I was s'nne siiort time jiast in Boston, 
where the humane generosity of fh? la lies has e'tab'islicd 
an institution for the education of indlg-"nt oriihan girls- 
An acquaintance of iniii-t, who resided in tov.-ii, pointe'! 
out to 1110 a very re|'ecvahle looking matron who had re 
celved her education in the iSm-ton Ftfinal-j /,sy!!iv, ; xW 
parents of this lady, ?.s my friend informed me, had been 
exceedingly poor ; and as is too often the case with thi. 
classofpef>p!e in large towns, they were far froiti beii;;^ 
remarkable for the morality of their condutn ; in fact, 
tlie\ were the keepers of a house of supposed bad faiiiu ; 
fortunately f.irthelrdaughter, they both ilied wli.-n she | 
was yetaii Infant — too young to be Con aniinated by their 
infectious example : then it was that she tame under the i 
jiroteciionof those amiable ladles, the jiarrons of V'/V Fe- 
viiile Asylum — then was she first noinlshcd by th.; hand 
of benevolent virtue. Educated in the way of virtue and 
industry, she became not only an honest but a respectable 
and very useful member of society ; she was now marri- 
ed to an honest mechanic, who by persevering industrv acquired ahaildsnn.e fortune; and she was at leng:h 
an encourager of that excellent insti'ution from whose be- 
nign InHueiice she had received her first and lasting im- 
pressitms of virttie and 'if vice : two beautiful babes juit 
beginning to prattle and climb up their mother's gov/n, 
added no inconsiderable portion of felicity to this wor'liy 
woman. At that very time this comjiarison forcibly struck 
me. — IliAii different ivould the fate of this woman pruhabtv 
have been, from %jhat it is,butfor ihc humane ittterfrcncc if 
the Female jisylum- 

It is to this subject. Ladies of A'lrginia, that I am anxi- 
ous toattract your attention. It isasubjcct all-important 
to your unfortunate fellow-crea'ures, whose poverty has 
placed them in a situation to need your assistance. It is at 
ymir discretion to snSer them to remain in their former con 
dltion, exposed to the insutferablecalamitics, of Ignorance, 
penrry, and seduction ; and it is in your ]io*v«r to save 
them from perdition, to have them ins-rucied 111 useful 
knowledge, and brought u]) to industrious [lursults; by 
these means they might bee inie an houor to tlieir patrons, 
and would shower down ])iayeri uf gr^titud;; upon llu- 
hcads tif their kutcfactun ! 

What honor, and what grali'ude will not that lady me- 
rit, who shall be mt'sf active in promoting, and foremost 
in contribiumg to tie permanent establishment of a Fe- 
male Charity School in the pTice of her residence > Let 
each lady appropriate asmall part of her pin-money tothls 
charitable purpose ; the expence of a few plav-tickets or 
of a new head-dress, will afford protection ind decent 
support to the hungry and the naked orphan girl : And 
w ill you, (the accomplished ladies of Virginia) refuse to 
give it ? for the honor of my lovelv countrywomen I 
hope they will not— 1 am confident they will not withh.'.ld 
this trifle from the miserable indigent orphan, whose fu- 
ture-destiny depeiMTs on tie<> BOUNTY and protection. 


On Monday morning, theSdinst Mrs. Marth* 
Ko,ALLBAtsKS, consort (rf- Henry Banks. Esq. of ."it 

She sustained with becoming ratience and fortitude, a 
tedious and relentless disease, which finally triumphed o- 
ver i.r delicate frame ; and has cast a la.tmg gl ,om o. 
ver tht^se friends whom once she cheered and anin,a-ed 
Peace be with thee, dear departed shade! On the green 
turl vshich shall cover thy mouldering clay, let virtue and 
gemus drop anhomsttear ! 

;.^ M^«»Mtjia.»Mou«5«wau^4a 



By the Mercury from Rubin, srr-ved at New York 
papers to the fst of October is received, containi L t on-' 
.ni da-es to the 2rtli September inclusive. From tCe 

•■iir 'Th'"n%^*'*''c*""""f "" "''''"'•' '" hive taken 
,-U e 1 he pISF^ect of a war between Bri aln and Spain 
Ucu-,1 l,y i,o means SO certain as some la'e rem • 
w.Hdj iiKluce us to believe, is far from iniprobabl.. 
ral fr,j..,es had sailed trom Pfmru.h with a vlei as conjectured, to commence hostillilrs wih Smln 

a^^n arrival a. Nort'ok fr, m London, we i;ir'„ Ihat " 
Ifter a slT t'""'"''^ ""' ^^""' 'r-'"!-^'' --«> "Iga es 

War had not then been t;rmaliv declared.— Fresh ,]], 

.".-bi.nccs had ,al.en place in Ireland-SO.dOO m^l-c™! 
trills IS .aid to have enlisted ; but the oumber ii believed 
LOO ■ fX3:^.;erated. 

The auoun's from Italy .slate that the Danish, Swe. 
ditn, aid Dutch Consuls, and si.x other i ersoiis have 
been brought under-an e;cort of French troip, to benoa, 
vid have been thrown into prison; but upon xvhataccouut 
is unknown. 

Bonaparte was at KcMr. on the 4;h. The EVr>or cf 
Hesse wished to compliment him by one of the n< l.lenien 
of Ins court ; bit- a hint was sent him, tha- his personal 
attendance would be acceptable to the eivipercr. 

A letter frt-m Gibraltar, da-ed the 2M September in- 
lorms, that the pestilence at Malaga continued m 
wnh most destriic-ive virulence, from two to three hifn. 
ureuiallinx victims dally. At Gibraltar ihemtraliiy w« 
conliiied to St rentiers. The tror-ps „n that s.a.ion, a. 
mcu.iiing to 4(Juy, cnjined perfect hcal-h. 


Captain Pren-ice arrived at Boston, in 25 davs from 
Mtirtinique. intorms, that none of the ports in that i>I,i,:d 
had been blockad.d for atcorslderahle time back ; and iha: 
.luring the late appearance of several Bri.isli ships of 
ivar oIV tlie principal pons, that American vessels wei-e 
iulTered TO ]iass and repass without any int.fiTuption what. 
?ver. They remained there but a few davs, and tlien re. 
:urned to tlieir former station. 

We cannot positively state, savs ilie .\urera, what had 
been ihe result,' but have'bcen informed t!u; rh, 
loss of the Trlpnlltans had been so great as to create 
hopes of an imniediate teriiiiiiatioii of hos'irties. The 1 ts« 
of the brave ofllters and crews of the tivo guu boass, will 
he regretted by every friend to his countrr. we deplore 
the ability to announce thedisaster the more part cukiil^, 
as the olBce^B who commanded the gun boa's, were am' tig 

the most re.s])ec'able in ouriiavv Letters were received 

inthis city from olllcers-on Imard theU.S. squadnn be. 
fore 1 ripoli, communicating intelligence of a very d'streas- 
ing nature. As we were unable to procure extracts from 
the letters received, cr a statement of particulars from 
those wlio received them, we can onlv give such informs, 
tion as was current yesitrd-iy.— -We un.lerst.iod that in an 
attack upon the Tripolitan vessels and for iiica i 'ns, t« o 
of the gun-boats belonging to the American tiiiiadron had 
been destroyed, i-oesuiik, the other blown up. Wepresum* 
iHishad been the third attack. 

We uni'evstand. says a New.York paper, tbtt GMieral 
Tiirre: u's lady and suite, were passenger* "h hoar.l th« 
Shepherdess, from Nantz for this port, wh ch sailed tvr* 
days before the Edward, who arrived yesterday. 



Vol. 1. 



DKNV, but til not tall u a maid 

W"!! > never Rcoi*n wi'h scorn repays ; 
Proiiil man, though now I ask your aid. 

Mine once, al:i» ! wtn happier days. 
ButS'imw m'irliM m*' f>r her own 

rtefore I told my twcniieih year — 
Vet when my friends bejan tofnwn, 

I but leproach'd tbem with — a tear. 

I ne'er couUl frame the harih r^pfy, 

Tlie lool< unkind by feeling fsar'd, 
fen when 1 mei disdain's colJ eye, 

£'*••! wlicn I cruel language tiearil. 
I've seen my friend, tiiy enrfcst friend, 

RlI'jjC lijv tale of woe tu hear ; 
Yci .till unwjlliiij to otfcnd. 

All inv remembrance was — a tear. 

Ai^ I have known the slanderer's tongue, 

M. fa?n^.' with vile dir.hon >ur taint. 
Yet lit loy lips m curws hung, 

Tho* mournful. nt:|.J was ttiy complaint. 
And I was forc'd by cnifl power 

To leave the scenes I h.-I^lmist dear ; 
O ' "twa? indeed a tryliitr hour ! 

Yet all my iangtuje was — a tear. 

And I have known the youth I lov'd 

Heir.ict the vows he swore to me ; 
Behold mv p:tH .1 cheek iinmov'd. 

And snii!i'i»-, boa-.t tl.fl lie v.t.s free. 
Ye: I wascalm— and (hour ot dnad !) 

I saw him woo a maid more deai^ 
But I wast^iU'i', i onl) shed. 

No — no! — 1 t-uuid not shed — .v'tc.^r. 

Ah ! full was then my cti]> of grief ; 

Fr'ends. fortune, lover, fame all lost ; 
A l)eggar now laskreiief, 

A small, a trilling boon at most. 
Still can you chide inefroin your door .' 

Ah, no ! your looks contpassiin wear ; 
So large a gift '. Oh ! words were poor — 

I thinii I bless )0U in— a tear. 



Like n ven' gaTlant, I will compliment all, 
n letr'and -gle -he pretty. 
Tell 'h.* short one's tliey^r.' ijcat, the majestic they're tall 
And call all the homely olcs witty. 

Tims, agreeablr fahh.iod posstng for tru-h, 

I sliall .icIJe ^hcir vanity singly, 
Talk (>t |>rndeiice to age, anil of pleasure to youth. 

And console ,vith a fortune the ugly. 

To the pale I'U on d-l-.-a e lillies Ivgin, 

Tnlhe it.^ritl ni hol.l torh .),i roses. 
Call sijulii'ing a Ictr, timi a Sivnie in a grin. 

And proportion, where chins kiss with noses. 

Thus agreeable faUIiood, S;c. 



W'-h what caution Tott^orrow conceals it« affairs 
WhfTlicr big with good f.mune or no ; ' 

Man^ i-vlur'd by the butterfly aspect it wears, 
While it mayor it may not be so. 

Were its secrets u:\fclded, how should we pine ( 
But its secre's wt never innst know* 
•'i'^'* ^'^" pii i-ings are hope's richest mine, 
\\ hilc it may or it may not be so. 

Will poor Tar leave hhs home, St brave, hopeless of gain. 
Seas and tempests, both pregnant with woe .' 
He will not : but lie will, if apr.spect remain 
1 hat It may or it may not be so. 

Tl-eeov r-.le mi.' wml I b,. fr^, {^,„ restraint. 
Were she sure she unmarried i: •»»' go, 
iv'-'u'? "^* <'f>*'i'K. ogle, dance, c.ijuet and paint. 
VV hile It may or it may not be so. 

Th- ■r-.ldi-n -f r^rfv with h,i.:li.s wonM shioe. 

Coiidshehawk some young foppling or beau, 
Bl' ' 'iliniplestiirnd >vrinki.-s c ■• i.peUier to pine. 

She's convlac'd .hit it cannot be so 

Ao Ijng asTomnrrow !.e,:ps one day ah«ad, 
'Till Greehlaiid's a stranger to snow. 

Fair piT spects will liaiig on as brittle as thread. 
As it may, or it may not be so. 

A young gentleman who had been striving to win the 
affections cf his Dulcenia, who had it seems, a small 
piece ofco<]uerr, in her constitution, depicted his hard for. 
tunc in the following 


The comical Miss, 

Wi:h c es .e Is ine ve», 

^}u iKie.oif-.ii aad ta.igiic lell me nay. Sir, 
Tl.ui 1 an. Kepi ii, su^l ence, 
Wi h .r, uble iniiiien>e, 

And aui in a very sad way. Sir. 

*'ANNr!NG.\ir AND AJUT. 


Lovs t 


■ i,S t,:, 

ihc Tar.,ci.M ct,i, 
0/ :lx mlU ..'«., ./ :rmlKr,lt s^i, 
A>i4 hi miiii wtiuer trf..l .)!:ihi>rinl 
JLifve coii.fua'** ait- 



Aningalt however disconn])nfed by the tVUtcrv coyness 
of Aju-, was ye: rcs>lved to omit no loi.cis of amorous 
ro .\'.-"ix\ and theref -re ])rcsen'e;t her at hisd'par t;re wih 
the skins of seven wh;:e fawns, of live swans, and cKvei 
seaK. with ttiree n:>;-l>le lamps, ten vessels of sea »d. ard 
a kirge kettle of bra;:5, which he had purchased ,fv"ni a 
shi^ the price of half a whale, a:id two horns of sea- 
unicomfi. - 

Ajiitwasso much affected Ijy the fondness of herl^ver. 
or o much ovevpowcird by his magn'ficence, btir ^Ije fol- 
loued ir\p) to Hiesea-sitle ; and, when rhe saw him en'er 
the I loa--, wished ;il -ud, 'hut be niigh' rettirn with plentv 
of skins ard 'jil ; that ncitlier the nienii.TMs migh siutch 
liiitl iato the ilecps, nor the s^)irits of the rocks ctnB^e 
h'm In their caverns. 

euo stood awhile to gaze nprn 
\^A then re;urt^'ntr to Iter hut. :i:'i" 
5-de, from that ii'-iir, her wh.:e let 
^.:t r to spread tin hr.Tided on lier vl: 
iiitv in 'hetla'Cs of the maitl«ns. 

bs)>«lta:l I.ef 

the dri.arting ves tl, -v'Wnsli.: w 

■\ d d ifctid, la.d a- 
ukters, and forbore to 

She endeavoured to 

d vcr' her th-ughs by continual applies. inn to feminine 
cp>i.lryi,ier:«. ga'her moss f- r -Ivj- « Inti r lamps, aed.lri- 
e'l j'ra'S 'iline thcbontsof Aoiiigd- Of the skins which 
le hail bestowed in:r.n her. -hi- made a fishing coal, a 
sn'all boat andent. all of expiiisi e itianufacturc ; and 
«hil.-s!ie was thus bu: led, s. kte-l l-r kibiurswi'h asoiig 
in which she prayed, '• iha' herlov r might have hands 
s-ir,irer han the paws ot 'he bear, and feet swifter than 
■h- r,.c' rf the ra n-deer; 'ha- h's dart might iifver err, 
and that l.'s boat might never leak ; tha» he might never 
s'l'it Ide .^'1 ihe ice. nrv faint in he wa*er : iha' i lie seal 
m>ht nishon hisha'poon iir.d that the wounded whale 
mii?,htdash 'he \#*ves in \'ain.'* 

The larr;e boats in which the Greenlanders 'ransport 
their fan, illes are always rowed lit wrnien; for a man 
will not tUbare hitrself by w( rk wliicb requires neaher 
t^lvil' nor cfiirage. Anningai; was therefore e.\posed by 
'cllenesR to :lie ravages of passion. He went thrice to the 
stern cf 'he boat, wi h an in"eiit to leap into the waier, 
and swim back to his mistress : but recollecting the mise- 
ry which they niust enduft in the winter, without (;il for 
tlie btrtp, rr skins f f r the bed, he resolved to employ the 
weeks of absence in provision for a night of jil-.-nty anti 
felicity. He then composed his etnotions :ts he ci uld, and 
ex]iressed. in wild nunibers, and iincohih images, liis 
hi pes, his sorrows and his fears. ■■ O lire,"sa.« lie," fral 
and uncertain! where shall wretched man find thy resein- 
bl.iiue, but ill ice floating on the ocean ? It towers on high 
it sparkles froiTi afar : while the storms drive, and the 
waers beat it, the sun melts it i,b"ve, and ihe rocks sha'- 
ter it below. Wha' art thou, tUceirful pleasure, but a sud- 
den blaze 'treaming frcm the norh, whieh jila' s a mf.- 
ment on the eye, mocks ihe traveller with :he Iiopes of 
light, and then vani.shes forever ? What, Irve, art thou, 
but a whirl]. ool, wliich we approach without knowledge 
of our danger, drawn on bv imperceptible dogre?s, till we 
have lost all power of resistance and escape ? Till I ti.xed 
ttiy eyes on the graces of A jut, while I had n< t yet called 
her to the banquet, I was careless as the sleeiiing morse, 
I was merry as the singers in the stars. Why, Ajut, did 
I gaze upon thy graces \ why, my fair, did I call thee to 
the banquet \ Yet, he faithful, niy lo\e, remember An- 
n ngai', and meet mv return with the smile of virgini-v. 
1 will chase the deer, 1 will subdue the whale, resistless is 
the fr>st rf darl<ness,and unwearied as the summer sun. 
In a few weeks I shall return pro.5pcroii3 and wealliv ; 
tlien shall the roe-fish and the porpt^ise feast thy kindretl ; 
he lov and hare shall cover thy couch : the tough hide of 
he .^cal 'hall shelter t!iee from cold ; »nd the fa: of the 
wlule iiiuuilnate thy dwelling.** 

Anningaii Jiavuig wi-h these sentiments consoled Kis 
grief, ana animated his industry,! uiU that the) hadnfli/ 
coasted the headland, and sa v the whale spouting at a 
distance. He heref -re placed hnii^h" ii» his r.shiiig boat, 
called his associates .o their several em| 1 jymeuls, plied hid 
oar and harpoon wiih incredible c urige and dcinrity ; 
and, by dividing his time Iwtween the chase and fishery, 
susiicnded (lie mi-cries of aid suspicion. 

Aju", in the inean tjine, notwithstanding her neglected 
dress, happened, as sne was drying some skins in the sun, 
to ca cli the e.e of Noriig>ukon his re urn triiiii hunting. 
NomgMikwasrf bir.h tn.l> illustrious. Hi; mother hadifi- 
eil in child-bir.ii, and his father, thj most expert Hsher 
of Greenland, ha I pi rialied by too close pursuit of the 
whale. His digiii y was equil ed by hisriches J he wa» 
iiiasterof f ur inei^^^ndlwo women's boats, bad ninety 
>ub,- of hisx^SKfchabitaiion, and live and twenty 
seals lull led in the tiiv^agains- the -season of darkness. 
V\ 1- Ml he saw tlie beautv ( f Ajii , he iininertialelv threw 
over her i.e SKinpf a deer : hat he had taken, ai':d soon 
:if er 1 rjseiilcd Rer wi li aliranca <f ccrai. Ajiil refused 
-i| s, id de ermineu to adnitt no lover in the it'ace 

Xi-rn g u. . thus rejected, had ipcintrse tosTatagcm. Ho 
knew tha^- Aju: .voul I consul, tin .-ViigekUo.k, or diviner 
c mcarning the fa e of iter l.iv -r. a id :ha of her 
til i.ire life. He dn rcfore applied Kinrelf to the most cc- 
I bia-ed Angeklvik of tha- part of -he coun:ry, ae.J, by 
a present of two seals an. I a marble kettle, obtained a 
promise, tdiat when Ajut shoul 1 consult him, he wiuUl 
declare -hat her I ve was in the land cf sous. Ajut, in z 
sli r' :i.iie, br-nigh; hrm a coat ntaJe by heMelf, a-'id en. 
qu'.rtd what events were to befal her. wi h a- sur.viccsof a 
much larger reward at the rett^rn.tjf Aii.ii.^.tii. if the pre- 
diction shoul.l Kaiter her de'.ires. T^he A'i,;e:ik,-ik knew- 

■ gtil- 

Ihe way to rlch'^s, 
r.-a'ly CaT^ht rw;> 
lar^e b:)a'- ladtn w 

s 1 unsiicctc f 1, 


vh:ilc>. woutU ; 


tu( f--r -ht- ' 

I ve 111 

turn. -- — V , 

At lis'sho saw ' 
(I'par'cd. steilii;-- 
She ran. winiiU ' 

keep secret' 
renewed hi« 
1 lii.K his suit 
"Hts withgif.s 
toj p.jwer. 
rejif 'he nie. 
ed Ajjit to the 
e reiuoiis ric* 

.\nnio:-,ai' had 




thai A nil! 
sui.p.r- .h 
out before them in his : :,1 
at their arrival, to have f 
Ajut, distracted a' "his i 
to theliil!s,wi'lion- kn >w i 
the hanjs »f her pareii's 
own hut, and end nvouretl 
last thev re ired to r^sr. '• 


, finding a fishing boa, she 
■■d telling tho'Cwho wood 
IS g-iirig in search of .|\n.i: 
wiftness, a'l I was seen ni 

■. "-> ca ch hef 

1 fori.ed h'er, 
>.a enJ-J,lxi.ig uial.le-j 

B vessflotc.ti1ria},e, liiu! set 
b"a,and tliey e.xiec ed, 

hull j,i sh-,re,.rv 

i,;e,,ce. wis ab 'lit to ?!•.■ in. 

;h y.-h ugh she was n iw in 

lo f.trced her hack 

mif-n- her; but whqn 
down to 'he beai 


■ oftht 

and coi je 
ciian.^ed into s'ars 

Ajut was .ransfon 
to seek herlwe-ii 
suasion is, tint thi 
souls where the sii 
and i-rovisioos aln- 
•hiow a th 
the hapless 
would pral: 
that they 1. 

■ k ven 

ni more, 
e ocr:t/i:' 

1 crcd i. wi h.-u: hesi a- 

d a- her rjshncs., that 

rt>ived away wilj 


niiingait 'vaa 
Its. a.d i-ial: 
ill con-innes 

le sea. Bu- 

i vpt 

nple f. 

itl.a- par- .of the laul of 
v.'li-re oil It ;ilways fi-es'a, 
Tlie vir;ii!s. simetlmei 
iito t;,e bay, frciu which 
. ; and when a Greentancer 
viriuniis affec ion, he de.:lares 
lit and Ajut. 



M:'y I.e had at iff liJliicrva Prin'.i-^ O^t. 


T^o doirs bf!ovi tie S\van-T,ivrr'i .• 




KlCHMOii D .—T C £ S D AT. DECEMBER 13, 1304. 




l5t._" The MiNrnvA" will be neatly iirlnted, 
weekly, on a half-sheet Supcr-Royat \yi\)itr. 

2d. — The eerms are two dollars per annum to 
be paid in advance. 

3d. — A handsome tille-psffe and table of contents 
will be lurnislicd (gratis) at the completion of the 


CHIOMAR A, the wife of Oitiagon, a Gaulish Prince, 
was equally admirable for her beauty and chastity. Du- 
tingthe war between the Romans and the G.-iuls, A. R. 
463, the latter were totally defeated on Mount Olympus 
Cblomara, among many other ladies, was taken prisoner 
«nd committed to the care of a ctMiturion, no less passion- 
ate tar money than women. He, at first, endeavoured to 
»o gain her consent to his infi^fnous desires ; but not be- 
ing able to prevai upon her, and subvert her consiancy, 
he thought he might employ force with a woman whom 
misfortune had reduced to slavery. Afterwards, to mak« 
amends for tiiat treatment, be offered to restore her to li. 
beriy ; but not without ransom. He agreed with her for 
a cenain sum, and to conceal this disign from the other 
Romans, he permitted her to send any of the' prisoners 
she should choose to her rel^ttions, and assi,5ncd a placfc 
f>ear-thc »«»erw'herw^he lady cfaould be cxchtinA-ed Sfit 
gold. By accident, there was one cf her own slaves a- 
mongsttlie prisoners. Upon him she B.-ied ; ?.nd the cen- 
turion soon afiirr carried her bi:ynnd the advanced posts, 
undercover of a dark night. The next evening two of 
the relations of the princess came to the place ajipointed. 
whither the centurion also carried his captive. \\"hen 
they had delivered him the Attic talent they had brought, 
which was the sum they had agreed on, th e lady, in her 
own language, ordered those who came to receive her to 
draw their swords and kill the centurion, who was then 
amusing himself with weighing the gold. Then, charm- 
ed with having revenged the injury done her chastity, she 
took the head of the officer, which she had cut off with 
her own ha.ids, and hiding it under her robe, went to her 
husband Ortiagon, v. ho liad returned home after the de- 
feat of his troops. As soon as she came into his iire- 
jence, she threw the centurions head at his feet. He was 
ttrangely surprised at Bijch a sight ; and asked her whose 
head it was, and what had induced her to do an act so un- 
common to her sex i M'ith a face covered with a sudden 
blush, and at the tame time expressiv.g her ferce indigna- 
tion, she declared the outrage which had been done her, 
and the rtvenge she had taken for it. 

During the rest of her li^e, she steadfastly retained the 
same attachment for the purity of manners which consti- 
rutesthe principal glor\- ofthe se.t, and nobly sustained the 
iionour of so glorious, bold^ and heroic an i«ution. 

This lady was much more prudent than Lucretia, in re- 
Tenging her injured honor by the death of her ravisher, 
rather than by her own. Vlutarch relaies this fact, in his 
treatise upon the virtue and great actions of women ; and 
it i. from him we have the name of this, which is well 
Vcnhyof k«ngtranniiitted to posterity. 

{From E.ig-jiortfys PraCticiii Edtication.) 

Besides bestowing some attention upon early education, 
jjarents who send their children to schtwl, may much as- 
sist the public preceptor, by judicious conduct towards chil- 
dren during that portion ofthe year which is usually spent 
at Inme. Mistaken parental fondness delights to make 
the period of which children spend athoiji'e as sirik" 
ing a contrast as pnssiWe with that which Htey pass at 
school. Tile' holydays ace made a jubilee, or rather re- 
semble a ."ji'urnalia. Even if parents do not wiMi to re- 
present a schoolmaster as a tyrant, they are by no means 
displeased 10 observe, that he is not the friend or favorite 
of their children. They put themselves in mean compe- 
tition with him for their affection^ instead of co-operating 
with him in all his v-ews for their advantage. How is it 
possible, tha; any master can long retain the wish or the 
hope of 5uccccd;ng in any plan of education, if he per- 
ceives that his pupils are but partially under his govern- 
ment, if his influence over Ihcir minds be countevactcil 
from time to time by tbe superior influence of their pa- 
rents ? An influence which he must not wish to destroy. 
To him is left vhe power to punish, it is true ; butparents 
reserve to themselves the privilege to reward. The anci- 
ents did not suppose, tlian even Jupiter coulil g.-)vern the 

world without the command of i>ain and pleasure. Upon 

the vases near his throne depenJe.1 his inlluence over 

And what are these holylay deligh's ! And in what 

consists parental rewards ( la dissipa;ion and idleness. 

With these are mns^gn^nTlyj^s""'"'*" ^! t'^*' '"''''■ "f ^-'pp''- 
..>,3:, «iia cht ......... wfplcisure ; tlie name is often sufiici- 

cnt without the reality. During [he vacation, children 
have a glimpse of what is called the world j and then are 
sent back to their prison with heads full of visions of li- 
berty, and with the second sight ofthe Lless d lives which 
they arc to lead when they have left School forever.— 
Whatman of sense whohas ituJied the human mind, who 
knows that the success of any plan cf education must de- 
pend upon the concurrence of every person and every cir- 
, for years together, to the same point, would 
Undertake any thing more than the partial instruction of 
pupils, whose leading associations and habits must be 
perpetually broken? When the W'lvk of school is un- 
done during the holydays, what hand could have the pa- 
tience perpetually to repair the web ; 

During thevacations spent at home, children may be 
made extremely happy in the societi- and in the allection 
of their friends, but they need not be taught that idleness 
is pleasure ; on the contrary, occupation should by all 
possible methods, b« rendered agreeable .to them, their 
school acquisitions, their knowledge and taste should be 
drawn out in conversation, and they should b; tnade to 
feel the value of what they had been taught ; by these 
means there would be some connection, some unity of de- 
sign, preserved in their education. — Their schaol-masteVs 

d tutors should never become the theme of insipid ridi- 
ihoulJ parents ever put their influence in com- 
petition with that of a preceptor ; on the contrary, his pu- 
pils should uniformly perceive, that from his authority 
there is no appeal, except to the superior power cf reason, 
which should be the avo>,ed arbiter, to >>l,|ch all Uiould 
be submitted. 

To connect the idea of childhood with that of inferio- 
rity and contempt, is unjust and impolitic ; It should not 
be made a reprich t» yguog ptopit t» ks yo»:i;, no 

cule , 

siioulu it be pointed out to them, that when ai« 
some years older tlicy will be more respected ; the d.:- 
gree r.f 1-espcct.whith they really command, whether in 
youth or age, will depend on their conduct, their know- 
ledge, and iheir powers of being useful and agreeable ro 
others. Ifthey are convinced of ,hi,, children at eight 
years old will not long to be fifteen, ncr at fifteen ,o be 
one and twenty , proper subordination would!,, preserv- 
ed, .->nd :he scale of happiness would «otha«,f.«ed & 
false connection with thatof agr. If parents did not first 
excte foolish wishes in the minds of their children, and 
.hen .mprudemly promise that these wishes shall be era- 
r.hcd .-tt certain periods of their existence, children would • 
no:be,mpa.,entto pass over the years cf childhood • 
those jears which idle boys wish to pass over as quick a« 
possible, men without occupation regret as the happie.« 
of exigence. To a ch.ld, who has been prontis- 

1,1'"°" ■"-/W-Ionhisnex., the spaces slow and heavy until that happy 

ayarnve Fix the day when a boy sh.dl leave scho^, 
.^..dhevv.she, ,ns,.antly to mount the chariot, and lashth. 
horses of the sun. N,,r when he enters thewo.ld, „ ill |,|, 
restless spirit be satisfied ; the first step gained, he look, 
vnx.ously forward to the heiSht of maniy elevation, 
" Anil the brhi minor paitufjr twtr.t:one:' 
Thes«^uven;ie anticipations diminish .he real happi„e« 

riif-- ; those who are in con.inual expectation, never en- 
loy the present : the habit of expectation is dangerous to- 
the mind, all industry, all voluntary exertion. 
^"••-g m.-n, who: early acquii-e this habit, find existence* 

idtOjheimvithnut the imr.i..l:,.„„.;„,,.i; „|-i. ^^^__ 

'«r i no mat:er what the object is, they must have some. 
h'i'S to sigh for: a curricle, a cockade, or an opera, 

RXuch may be done by education to prevent this b-yisl, 
'■estlessness. Parents should refrain from those impru- 
dent promises, and slight inuendoes which the youthfn, 
imagina'ion always misunderstands and cvaggerates. Ne. 
verier the moment in which ayougman quits a senn'nary 
'f education, be represented as a moment in which all in. 
s^ruction, labour, and restraints, cease. The idea, that h. 
must restrain and instruct himself, that he must con.ple.c 
his own education, should be excited in a young man'a 
mind ; nor should he be suffered to iruagine that his edu. 
cation is finished, because he has attained to some given 
:»ge. ■ 

By Dn. Goi.DSMivii. 

Our theatres are now opened, and ail Crcbs;reet is pre- 
paring its advice to the managers : we shall undoubtedly 
hear learned disquisitions on the structure of cue actor'e 
leg^, and another's eyebrows. We shall be t.->M much 
of enunciations, tones', and altitudes, and shall have our 
lightest pleasures commenvd upon by didactic ^dul;,es». 
We shall, it is feared, be told that Oarrick i.! a fine ac- 
but then, as a manaj^r. so avaricious ! Palmer is a most 
surprising genius, and Holland likely ,o-<Io well in a pa^ 
of character. We shall then have then giv 


ing Shuter instructions to amuse us by rule, and deplt>~ 
ing oyer the ruins of desolated majesty, at Covent-Garden. 
As I love to be adv.snig too. for advice is easily given, & 
bears a show of w.sdom ami superiority, 1 must be per. 
mmed to offer a few observations upon out il.catres Jt 
Mtors, without, on this trivial occasion, throwing ra/ 
thoughts into the funnality cfmeOjid. 



For 1804. 

Tliere is soiiiethiiij in ihe <kportincn( of all our piiy- 
tr\, infinirrlyiliorejtiirind foririal, ihan limng die ac 
tors of otii T iia?ion»- Their Action sits unsasy ii,j m tliein 
f>T»< 'he English use ver>- little gf mire in urainir/ cm 
v-rsatiM, our Engli.h-brcJ ac!:jra are oWijii to sii.);)!/ 
s-aj-.- jrsture; b/ liiciriiiia.pnaiijn ilone. AFrencli c 
li-.--diaii finds pr.iper midds of action in cv;ry coiii,)i i in entry ciitv'c-house he e.itcrt. An Englishman 
olili;frd to take ll:» models froujrhe stage i'self j he ii o- 
bli^.'J toiojiia'c nature frim an iin'tatim of nattirt. I 
kni'V of no set of mttn m <re likely to be iiijprjved by tra- 
vcllii-;. than those of the theatrical professio. I. Tlie iii- 
habita'nn of thecoiitineni are less rcservci than here; 
t'nev may be seen through upon a first acquaintance : such 
are tlir proper inodvds f) dra.» from ; they i« at ouce 
^.riUing, and are found in great abundance. 

Tliough it rouUl be ine-ncusable in a co:nediin to »dJ 
any thi ig ofhij own to theptwi's dialogue, yet as to the 
xcxi'm he is eniirrly at liberty. By this he m ly shew the 
/ertility of his genius, the poignancy of his liumour, and 
^he exactness of hisjud^inent. VVe scarcely see a co.i- 
f conil) or a fool, in comnijn life, that h.ts not sonis pecu- 
liar oddity in hi i action; these peculiarities it is not in 
the power of -words to repretent, and depend solely upou 
tlie act^ir : they give a relish to the humour, of the poet, 
and make the appeamct of nature more ill u-sive : the 1- Is true, make s-mie chanveters, and endeavour to 
preserve the peculiar humour by the make cf tlte mask ; 
iwtt I have seen others still preserve a great fundof huniur 
in the fac?, without a iitask : one acfor particularly, by a 
s.-j'iint whicli he threw into some ciiaracers of low life, 
assumed a look of soliditv : this, though upou redcction 
v;e miglii condemn, yet, immetliately upon representati- 
on, we could not avoid being pU'.ised with : — to illustirate 
what 1 have boe.i saying, by ilieiiUysI have of late gone 
To see ; in the Miser, wiiich w-ii played a few nights ago 
,ft Covent-Gardcn, LovcgoU appears through the whole in 
xircuinstanccs of'ice ; mJI thepj iver'sac- 
tifin, therefore, s'i»» itd conspire with the j)oet*s design, and 
rcpreseutiiinixs a. 1 epitome of penury. The French co- 
median in this character, in the midst of one of his most 
violent jias^ont, while he apjiears in a most ungovernable 
rage, feels the (lemon of avarice still upon him, and stoops 
down to pick up a pin, which he quilts into the flap of his 
c-iat picket, with great assiduity : — two cindlcsarc ligUt- 
ifd up for his wedding ; he flies, and- torns one of them 
Into tho socket : it is, Uowcver, lighted up again ; he 
i*hcp steals to it, and privairly crams it into his pocket. 
The Mock Doctor was lately played at tliishoase. Hcite 
iigain the comedian had an opportunity of hcightning the 
ridiciilehy action : the Frencii plavcr sits in a chair with 
an Ingii uack,an<l then liegins to shew away by talking 
nonsense, which he woultl have tltought Latin by those 
wlio he knows do not understand a svll-iiile of the matter. 
At last he grows enthasiaslic, enp.s the admiration of 
the company, tosses his legs and nrnns about, and in the 
midst of bis rapture an.l vocireratlon, he and the chair fall 
back togctltcr. All this a]ipears dull enough in the reci- 
tal ; but the gi-»vitv)- of Caio could not stand it in repre- 
sentation. In short.there is liaully a character in come- 
dy to which a player of any re:d humour might not add 
5troke8 of vivacity, that could not fail of applause. But 
instead of this, we ton ofteo see our fine gentlemen do 
nothing through a whole, but strut and open their 
snuff-box,- our pretty feMows sit iod.cently svith their across, and our clowns piill up ttieir bi-eeches : these 
if once or even twice repeated, might do well enough ; 
bat to see them served up in every scene, argues the 
actor »lmo»t a; barren »s the tluT;^ter he would €.■{- 

The magnificence of our theatres is far superior to any 
others in Enr.pp, where pla\ s only arc acted: — the gr«at 
rare our performers take in ]Kiinting for a part, their ex- 
a--tnc6s in all the minutiae of dress, and other little sceni- 
f :il properlics, have been taken notice of by Kicoboni, a 
a gentleman of Italy, who travelled Europe, with no o- 
tlier design but to remark upon tlie s '^e ; but there are 
wvcral iinj-roprietics still continued, or lately conic into 
f.ishloii. As. for Instance, spreading a car^iet punctually 
»t the beginning of the death-scei.e, in order to prevent 
our actors from spoiling their clothes ; this immediately 
apprises us of the tragedy to follow ,- for lajing the cloth 
is not a more sure indication of dinner, than laying the 
carpet of bloody work at Drury.lane. Oar litde pages, | 
also, with unmeaning faces, that liear up the train of a 
weeping princess and ouraukward lords in waiting, take 
oir much from her distress. Mutes of every kind divide 
our a-ter.tii^n, and lessen our sen.ibllity i but here it is 
entirely ridiculous, as we see thei» etriously employed in 
othing. If we must have dirty-shiried guards up. 
theatres, they should be taught to .keep their 

^ admiration. But if this be a delect, what must be the 
entire perversion of decorum, when, for instance, 
we sec an ac.ress, that might -act the wappiiig landlady 
without a blister, pining in the character of Jaiie Shore, 
and. while unweiljy with fat, endeavouring toconviiice the 
audience that she isd^ ' 

doing r 
en the 

•yes fixed on the actors, and not roll thei., 

en the audience, as if they were ogling the boxes 

Beau'y methlnks, seems a requisite qualification in an 
actrpss ; this seems scrupuloiuly ob^ers-ed elsewhere, and 
for my part, I could wish to see it observed at home. I 
ean never conceive a hero dying for love of a lady totally 
d stliute of beauty. I must think the part unnatural, for 
I can lot bar to hear him call that face angelic, when e- 
v. n paint lannot hide its wrinkles. I must condemn him 
f »t ipidjv, & he person whom I can accuse for want of 
»»•«, will se'dom b»come th« object of my jffcctign* or 



For the future, then, l could w'lsh that the parts of the 
y«jng St beautiful were given to performers of suitab e fi- 
gures i for I must own 1 could rafiier see the stage filled 
nilh agreeable objets, though they might sometimes bun- 
gle a little, rhan see it crowded with withered or mis-sha. 
pen figures, be their emphasis, as I think it is called, ever 
so proper : the first may have the aukward appearance of 
new raised troops.; but, in viewing the last, 1 cannot a- 
voidlhe niorlilicatiuu ij fancying ii>j;>(uf jilactul in iia 
Uosjiital of iuvalids- 

[ K'om tht'inttraitnj " Letters" uf Jfr. Jmtiit, vie Klezt the 
JoUoviing KvcU-dnnvn character of the Hon. Thovias 
Mrtkine. We are happy toJi,td that this v/[tri icjatt u J. 
vaiicing into its merited celebrity. We sincerely h/ipe, that 
it wtl not aJd um/thcl item to the cataiogtie if n.-r!vcli\! 
tpe;iiiu:iis of American Genius, and another article tf the 
jmpeachnunt </" American taste ] 

[Nat. .'Egis. 


Lo.sDo.y, Aiigiist22. 

Erskine, Gib'bs, and Garrow, ntr the three most pow- 
crfill speakers in the courts of law. 

The person of Erskint is slender, his height not ex- 
cecdingthe common size, biscomjilexitm sailow, his hair 
dark, his face oval, and a little e'liiaciated, the low,:r part 
of his fcrehead prominent, yet graduallv retreating, his 
eye-Wows lull, a little perplexed^ seated near his e\es, 
which are liaiel, open and conciliatory, his note, nari-.w 
between the eyes, yet perfectly congenial, neither too 
large nor to. small, his mouth gently dosed, seeming rea- 
dy to await the dictates of his tongue, yctiiot targe enough 
to give his eloquence its just tone, his lips thin, meeting 
ill union, and wl»en irrit.-ited, ratlur inclining to retreat, 
than project, his chin, gently retreating, which, in con- 
junction with his forehead, bespeaks the man linn, yet 
modest, positive, yet iagciiious. 

Kis countenance, when in a sttite of repose, is prejios- 
scssing, but when he speal«, his gestures are rhetoric ; his 
Uo'^ i-';,-«„a«Vwo , i,;o.w..:*«, ato,|„cjice . in the eiow_of ani- 
mation, commanding, but in tlieiiTometiT; uT passion, 
when self-convinced, he is pure intelligence : disdaining 
every by-road to conviction, lie strips the cause of all its 
surrounding circuinstanccs, places it on its own position, 
true to nature, paints it visibly to the eye, and buries in 
oblivion, every inierfering particular. It Is the contenti- 
on of principle no matter whose, or what the interest j 
if heaven were concerned, it is still the contention of prin- 
ciple. Of all causes which could arise, the present .seems 
to involve the deepest conserpiences ; there is no distincti- 
on now between the great and the little, every thing but 
the point in question Is forgotten : Erskine and his cause 
are sovereign over all. Now flows the fountain of jus- 
tice, uow are explored the recesses of iniquity, now are the 
deep foundations of fraud broken up. His eloquence be- 
comes a torrent which sweeps away every mound which 
art or subterfuge had raised : no lunger the law a sir. 
gle hard feature : no perplexities, no uncertainties, no 
idle evasions ! Saturnian Jove descends whh his equal 
scales, cunning retires in shanie.-oppression lets go its vic- 
tim, and innocence is seated on the throne of equity. At 
length Erskine himself, by degrees is forgotten, and for- 
gets himself; he rises with an efl'ort not his own, and 
sinks under superior feelings, while the judge and jury 
convinced even to enlhuiiasin, are impatient to withhold 
the vcrtllct. 

O, sacred tribunal ! guarded in the spotless ermine* of 
justice! O, hallowed walls ! where party spirit never 
enters, where the oppressed breathe an elherlal element. 
O, glorious institution ! which chains the passioas of men 
and checks the exactions of self-interest, by ih.» Intervepti- 
on of a jury. O, venerable judges! whose sacred -iflice 
kn.wsno bias, whose lyinpaihy is never viakened but in 
the cause of humanity. 

1 know not with whom of the orators of antiquity to 
compare Erskine. He possesses neither the voice, nerve, 
nor vehemence of nemosthencs : but he has rriore cordia- 
I'ty ; the audience of Cenioslhenesis driven, yon see the 
goad ; that of Erskine fdlows, you see the leading strmg. 
While the one shews both his hands clenched, you see the 
arms of the oth.r extended. While Demosthenes stamps 
with his feet, Erskine only shows his arms akiiubo ; whllt 
the one assumes a look of .defiance, the other pauses a 
moinent, with open eyes. He has all the grace & eloquence 
of Tully, and, like TuUy, is anxious in a qualifying exor- 
dium.toround all the angular points of his cause. He has I 
less art, is more rajiid, mors earnest, more original than I 
Tully, and if the periods of the Roman are more majestic II 
than ihose of the Scotchman, Erskine's is the fault of the 
English language. Vet he has not Tully's reach of learn- 
mg, tkotigh I lu^jwct, ia mm at »wjirtt«, £xikiu«'» «a. 

dincss would extricate him, v hen the I'.r.ii an would sink 
under the weight of his own erudition. Jle has not the 
conhdenre nor the grandeur of Pericles, but he attaches 
you quicker. Pericles is willing to imprte on you, Ers- 
kine's first concern is to make friends. While Periclrda 
throwing the gauntlet, Erskine is en the defensive watch, 
ing the moment of doubt or indilicrence bee koning. Im. 
pcrative, the one siat'ds erect, and will take nothing 
which he cannot extort < si:Linissive, the other inclines 
forward and apjieals to imparliid justice. 

Erskine will siifler nothing on beingexamined as a man 
— his profet-.ion has not defaced his original ftaiures of 
greatness. When engaged In an inijslM cause, be never s». 
trifices his hardihood of honor, to the views of his client. 
He says afl that ought to be said ; yet never commits i»ia 
own dignity by urging a cnrruiit principle. You see no. 
thing of the Attorney, Erskine is a c<,unsellor ; yon seo 
no jjartizan of petty aclvantage ; Erskine is a gentle- 
He isseiiOHS orw'itty, at pleasure, and when the rcta-^ 
sion olTeTs, and Jic is disposed to descend, b« can, like 
Rosclus, turn ofla case In panttmime. Among the thou, 
sand actios whicht arc presented hhn, srme *pprxr on 
trial, to have originated i;i ii;ir.h, ai-d others in inq rudencn 
—,f.votcus is ready Ir a moment to throw oil the pro. 
fessiona1j>uskin and read the sock. 

1 have followed him to theHouse of Crmmons, forn»- 
ing to my mind the altitude of a man, tieajinj empire* 
uiiu..'r his feet, and hclding in his hands the destinies of 
the t.'orld. If, in a petrj- court of law, he ccnld incva 
heaven in favcr of a poor crjihan, or an t>ppTessed widow, 
surely in presence of the British parliament, when th« 
fate of nations is dcperdirig, the IV.jnt of opposi.ion must 
cower beneath his irown, or inove in the wakeof his tri. 
um|ihant path. But the moment he enters parliament, 
he dlsapp.ars. He is only one among five hundred. An 
Arab would never kill Erskine, unless he caught him in hia 
gown, band and wig ;! wiih these he seems to put cft'lii* 
wholevlrtue. As aMalesman. Erskine is nothing. 1 do 
mit say he is a great man, in a little room ; hut he. in ad- 
dressing twelve men. In a court of law, and in the British 
Parliament addressing the speaker in behalf of the n-ation, 
is not the same man. He commences, indeed, on broad 
foundation, but ascends, like a pyramid, and eiiher 

duces an abortion, or attains to the point, and tenn; 

where he should have begun. In parliament, he disco- 
vers nothing of that copious precision, that ascendirg or- 
der, that captivating fluency, that earnest convictien, which 
at the bar. stamp him Erskine. In parliament, he la- 
bors with a harrow through the impediments ofpditics, 
n<iw it catches hold of Pitt, then it interferes with a sti-ag- 
gling limb of Hawkesbury, now it tears a-vay the skirlaof 
Addlngton, jHesently it is to be lifted over the hnj, of 
Windham. Hecbncludes, and the impressioB which h« 

r pro- 

has tiiade is already eS'aced. 

• The rnhe, oftkejuiges.airfactitdth er: 
t ne ll.i^'i.h LavKcrs aredresced. u7,c 
OS17J, Itiluci} !/and and tie inig. 


There's sr-mething in women their h.vcrs encatre 
Of whatever complexion or stature or age ; 
And she, who would frighten a mere stander by 
Is a Venus herself in the fond lover's eje. 

If she's pale, never swan was a tenth part JO fair ; 
If tawny, like jet are her eyes and her hair ; 
If A'anlippc herself, her sci'lding's chouglil wit : 
If meek, all good » ives to their husband'* submit. 

If a pigmy, how neat is her air and her mein ; 

If astee]ile's she's graceful, and walks I'ke a queen j 
If a girl in her teens, all's handsome that's voung; 
If eighty, her fortune says — World h Jd your tongue. 

In short, to dear woman 'twas given to please. 
And tho' the whim ofien should take them to teaze. 
To perplex, to torment and a thousand things moie» 
They're the deities wen mere all born to adore. 

When a youth of seventeen he was chief clerk of ine- .., 
minent merchant at St. Eustatia, who being absent, the ' 
business of the comptlng-room ofcourse devolved on voung 
Hamilton. He had handed to him a letter directeil' to his 
master, which, supposing it related to mercantile concerns 
he opened, but his surprize was great when he found it 
contained a Challenge to his master, whose proxy he was : 
the young hero answered the challenge in the naine of his 
master, and the tiitie and place was mentioned in the re- ' 
ply. Hamilton appeared to the antagonist of his master 
on the field ; and to use his own worda, "did his faw'/ieV 
in his absence," and would not agree to any compromise, 
except on the exjiress condition that the Challenger shouH 
acknowledge in writing, that he had received suitable sa- 
tisfaction from Mr. , that he was a gentleman of 

honor &c. and, further, that he (Hamilton) should never 
be known in the business— which the challenger was ob- 
liged to accede to or fight young Hamilton ; be chose the 
former, and the parties sejiara'ed — In a few months, how. 
ever, it came to hit master's ear, who was so struck 
with the magnanimity of such conduct, that he gave him 
liberty to come to the Continent, choose what profouioa 
U» plcaMd, and Jijuv eu huu to any amount. 

Vol. I. 



riiL. scnuPLE. 

rasslnp through the street the other dav, my attention 
was suJUenly struck hv 2." ftcbte excfmnatiua ot' *• God 
bless you V* I turned back — it was the vnicc ot* an ol-J 
man, whohad taken his station for charity on the oppo- 
site side of the way ; he w^,s thanking ayoua^j woiitan 
/orsoinetliing site had given liinri': his eyes were raised 10 
H<aven— how I envied ihe blessing ! — His aspect was 
venerable, and his hoary locks prociaiir.ed tlr,it he had 
bufietcd the storms of fireary life a considerable lime : 
he had certainly seen better days. Nunibers of the 
thoaghtlcss votaries of folly passed by without taking any 
notice i those who happened to look that way gave him a 
Bnccr of ineffable' coftwin^t. I saw he pitied them, and 
crossed the road. 

" Pray, my good man, infTrm vKt of yotir story, if it 
would tttjt be too troublesome — it must needs be a distres- 
sing one ? 

" If it will be any satisfaction," replied he, ** I wiH 
npeai it willingly." 

He thus began — ** My father was Jt mci-chint 0^ some 
•ininence in the city of London ; but an ill-timed speru- 
liition swept away the fruits of thirty years indftsiry : he 
gatlirred the wreck of his fortune, and leiireU int6 the 
conniry. In a few months news arrived that the jjerson 
in whose hands he had jilaced his tittle property, had fail- 
ed, and embarked for a foreign country. Scorning toask 
assistance from those who once knew him, he procured a I 
■ubsistcnce by working as a laborer . I also was employ, j 
ed in the same capacity. Fatigue, and the reflection of ] 
his former circumstances, soon ended his existence-^ he 
died of a broken heart ! My Eliza soon followed him ; 
,»fortnignt, and then the consummation of oor nup'ials 
were to be realised. Oli God ! what stores of happiness 
my fickle imagination had treasured 1 Still I was left to 
ikim of this unthinking world ; my worn out 
frame will not now permit me to earn my livelihood in 
any other manner but this wretched one," 


Nature had male several efforts to intrude during the 
recitation of his simple narrative : she now succeeded. 
My hands were forced mechanically to my pockets — I 
tnrned them out — there was nothing in thetii buf a slti" 
ling— it was the gift of a departed friend: I gave him m 
word it should never quit me — it must be weighed said 1 

Justice tei 

: the 

-I ihr^ 


yias heavy: I dropped duty and compassion in the other ; 
itenieihioj^ fell with ihcm, which helped the preponde- 
rance consid^r.ibly : however, there was no occasion for 
i' ; the seal'* struck th-j grnund ; I threw the shilling in 
his hat, and took hold of the Land that was at liberty ; 
yet the piercing glow of gratituili' had already penetrat- 
ed i I pressed it : his eyes met mine ; our licar^s beat in 
unison, and I walked hastily awa;—.— he did not thank 
Die, but liiilook was worth fifty thank's. F. 

(^Monthly Magazint, 


When I look upon the tombs of the great, every emo- 
tion dies in me ; when I read the epitaphs of the beauti- 
ful, every inordinate desire goes out ; when I meet with 
the grief of parents upon a tomb stone, iny heart mclis 
v.ith compassion : when I see the tomb of the parents 
themselves, I consider the vanity of grieving for those 
whom we must quickly follow-; when I see kings lying 
by those wh3 deposed them : when I consider rival-wits 
placed side by side, or the holymen that divided the v.rorld 
with their contests and disputes. I reflect with sofrow on 
the little competitions, factions, and debates of mankind: 
svhen I readjthe several dates of the tombs, of some that 
died as yesterday, and sotile six hundreil years ago, I con. 
aider that great day, when we shall all of us be contem- 
poraries, and make our appearance together, 



Where cattle %n kept out in winter, it is recommended- 
ms an useful practice, to rub some tar at the jroot of the 
iorns, which prevents the wet from getting between the 
root and the skin, and it is said, contributes to preserve 
the health of the animal, and to keep it free from various 
•uewes, to wliich it may otherwise be liable. 

[Wil. Del. Mirror. 


riancus, a Roman citizen, being proscribed by the tri-, Antony, Lepidire, and Octavius, was forced to ah- 
Kond. His slaves, though put to the torture, refused to 
discover him. New torments being prepared, Plancus ap. 
peared, and o.Tered his throat to the sword of the e.xecu. 
tioners. An txaoijilt to noW«, j.rocur«d » p»rdon for 


THK moments of tranquility and happiness which we 
enjoy through life, are sujiposcd to be few, compared 
with those of anxiety and troub'e. It is therefore the da. 
ty of every intelligent person, not only to secure tohiiiiseit 
an increased jiroporiion of this haiwinestf, but also to 
contribute as much as possible, to the stock of his friends. 
It is believed that those hours which ore passed in the 
company of c«rft-iends, in the temperate hilarity of ihe 
social circle, are the most enviable of our existence. 

Men of taste and judgment generally prefer tte'Sonver 
sationofan accoiiqiliShcd lady, to that of the briglitisi 
wits among their oivA scjt. The company of a -ensiUe 
woman is therefore commonly sought with issidui.), anc! 
valued according to its worlh. The deStcale senfimeni, 
the lively fancy, andVefined tastt which she displays in 
every 5entence,are quite su.Hcient todispel the indifference 
of the young philosopher, and transform the stoic into 
the lover But it is not every woman that deserves, or 
that can attract this univetsal admiration, although hei 
person may be divinely haiidiomc i-.—it is not every one 
that can with propriety claim the character of a mmjA.V 
vioman ; — look round the circle of your acquaiiuance ; 
view the crowds of females in your churches, assembly- 
rooms, play-houses, &.C.. — how many will you not lind, 
who have but very slight pretensions, (if any atatl^ to the 
honorable title of sensi!fle \d07nen ? — -Listen to the feinale 
discourse of a fashionable party : — what is the most usu 
al topic of conversation ? The elegance of tltte new-fashi- 
oned head-dress, or the superior beauty of Red- Wigs, 
are discussed at great leng;h, and the Female Oratori, 
joining some bn one side and some on the other, disjilay 
their powers of eloqu«1ce in snj-portiny thir-;>oinl and in 
opposing that. But far mors happy would be thes'.ate of 
society, if the female mind were never employed on m^;e 
reprehensible subjects ; if the femininf tongue never gi\ c 
utterance to more criminal language. The D-^iVion of 
Envy implanting his restless spirit in the minds of o,uv 
lovely country W-omen, gives birth to tKe Eiend of S/.inJrr. 
If females weVe sensible of the vicious dispositions por. 
sessed by this favorite, tlicy would banish him from their 
society ; his conrtpany wodld be actieptaljle only 111 the 
black regions of Tartarus, from which he has made his 
escape ; we should not then hear a besutifdl girl magni. 
fyingwith envious malignity, the little foibles of her fe. 
male acquaintance. We should not then he;if Miss Pii. 
Icnin Prattle diverting herself with the ffya/nm,^ and /le. 
dantry of Miss Syntax ; nor of Miss Susan Syntax criti. 
cising ' .1 the levity and ignorance of her Gousin Prat^ 


On the 5th inst. Mr. John Stewart to the beautifr 
Miss Nancy Ta)-tor, -daut hterof Mr. Jolm Tajl 
swick county. 


-all »i 

On the Sfli inst. Mr. Geo. ^tsram to Mr 
both of Petersburg. 



f ihelii 

^^, ■„■ ''■*' '"'rf""'^. til" a Heet of six ships cf .helh,^ 

an;;; ;;;f„°";h",^?;; ^' =>= "« '" ^^ "-^i-'i V^r ti^ m':: 
.-he North se:u!;';:?:^;;Xs<::!;;^f''?' '="^'^"«" 

lation that 

orth Sea had pa 
here were reperts ' 
pi • 

rtl i that 
ould tale 

.1-,/., t, , .----••• ,'iv,.irtnoii mat warwoud t 

<lici b.-twten Russ a and France l„„ ,1,. "'7'" 
le conversation A, p, .'^"'"^«' """"'y occasioucd 

riilierence s, b. sud betwe'en^s;^' f ^'"- ?r. ''""'• ■*'^' 
-u.i.isita uetween Sweden and Fra-- 
said as to the consequences which 

ed to follow from it.' 

1 were Sxpect* 

lasM,Tg""do^Pf,"l!?_L'■^ ^■',"! '0^'!;''". ^l^ich arrived 
of Er 

nylhingofthe intended 'con. 

If the usual conversation of feiiial:s appears insipid to 
men of judgment, the conduct of some men in the compa- 
ny of ladies, is at least equally disagreeable to the fair sex. 
They frequently enter into controversies on politics, which 
the greater part of the company do not intitely Coinpte- 
hcnd, or in the merits of which they feel themselves not 
at all interested. Good manners may command the si- 
lence of the company ) but it cannot ittratlt the attention, 
much less the Sympathy of those, to whom the su'jject 
is not only indifferent, but tjisgustihg. to make our- 
selves agreeable in company, fee should introduce those 
topics only, which we may ilippose will be agreeable to a 
majority of those present j by this means we miy add to 
the satisfaction «nd infbnnltion of others, while w« re- 
ceive the encomiums of our associates, as an sccom- 
plished gsatlsraan^ or at Isait, as an agreeable compa- 

sitivl l,"L ,u' . l''-'^''."- B'" letiers of the 13th pr. 
Coo^ial rod tce " "^%'"""^-d toconf,scateall British 
cot^TXrt'h "/^^'^" ^'■"^'."'^cuires; and , ha, a 
coraon ot French troops had born established, for the 
purpose of preventing the iiitrtdlicticn cf e'lh ""^ """^ 
,he^ other, o. of British property of any kind intrthe" V" 

^arri, n, ,, „, , l.^tliurs of ' Anconard te'vTta 

tTietem;? '' ""'"'"g^-^t any possible atiackfrom 

The friendly commiinicvi-ns so 1. ng carried on between 
ihe Cabinet ot Peler^biirg and several Princes of th« em 
pire, suddenl/discontiiuicd \ T^^l^':^^ 
<s imptl'ed to ihe la'e refusal of the Diet ofRa.isbon to 
rtums of til/? Kussinn Minister, relative 
aire of the Duke ol £ns,teiu. 

to the Flench s 



^ntlcman from St. Tliomas, we nndeV'and that 

lust before he left tla- Island, a vessel had arrived from 

-Jcrenii>, w ith information that the F>ench \iad abandon. 

ed the town of St. Domingc, aiidhaS mrreudercd theme 

selv«.Sto the Lnglish. 


Capt. Stephen Decatur, savs the New T.-ri Mrm'ng 

Cl-rooxle, whose gallant exploit in burning the P!.il:«Ie;- 

phia fripatc, has been the subject of frequent noiice. is 


among tho<;e who havejjjain signaliyed thcmsclvr 
attack on Tr poli-i-but the name of his brother LV u'ts 
nant James Decatur,''is itl the list of those who htiye fal- 
len; as is also the naine of Lieutenant Oortey cfMu'y- 

U K N T O R. 

£ita)i«««, ntimitrl*, 1804. 

Lieutenant Caldwell, who peri.shtd before tripoli, in 
the second attack on the 9th Aui^nst, by the blowingujiof 
thegUn-iioatof which he had the command, ii, we under- 
stand a son of the late Mr. Simuel taldwcll of Phiiatlel- 
phla. Mr. Dors.y V ho f«ll by the sanie accident, is ,i n 
of Doctor Dorsey, formerly t iurgdon in the navy d.uinj 
the revolutionary tvar. 

fty accounts ffotB ftuadaioupe, we learn, thataFrenctj 
frigate froin France, was lately captured and sent •iito 
Baibadoes. This is said to be one of the three. that 
sailed with troofis for Martinique ; one of winch got «:>fe 
into Trinity, (Mart.) and has since got into rort Roya' 1 
and one other (the President) after landing the troop's at 
Cuadaloujie, arrived at Annapolis, tvkh the French InU 
niiter to the United States. 

Letters from the Ifavaniia, deceived at Salem, advise 
that a proclamation is issued by the government, v.- hereby 
horses will not be a passport for the admission of Ame- 
rican vessels after the Ist of December, and tliat Uxoii 
only wi.h staves on board will be aditaited. 

Information has been received at Vincenne.i, (I T.) 
that ths Sioux nation of Indians have killed three Ame- 
rican citizens, between the Missouri and Mississippi 1 
and that the tbiefs refused to deliver up the niur- 

The resc.lution^svhich passed the house of representa. 
tives of Kentucky, for the suspension of the sale of non. 
rssideuts' UwU (it dij'S, wu negativsd in the it<aii'.s. 


A^ol. 1. 



Swfce Caledonian! rest beneath thy turf, 
Thy reed is silent, arid thy lyre unstrung | 

>fo inorc the warmih of genius fires thine eye, 
Nur iTiillionslist the niusic of thy tongue. 

The lamb, reclining on thy grass-grown grave, 
Wariiis tliy cold sod, nor crops one tender blade,** 

^h * Itarn firm it to j.ress with fairy foot, 
Tlic Rpol \\ lere Nature's idol, Burns is laid. 

When twili^-ibr rises from the moss-clad cave. 

And crfcjjs, unheeded, down (he silent vale, 
The muses seek the turf where Burns is laid, 

Sig'h to the winds, and murmur to the gale. 

What hedge the lilly droops its lowly head, 
Or rose-bxid tips the chilly evening air. 

Each muse, dc-icc(cd, seeks with silent tread, 
To catch the dew-drops that may tremble there. 

Silont, returning to his lonely grave. 

They brush with velvet wand, the dust away, 

Tear, with indignant hand, the barren briar. 
And pluck the nettle fruin his hallowed clay. 

And now as sweetly as their Bums e*ersung. 

Wildly the lyrc*s full-toned strings would sweep, 

Each virtue note, that made his breast its home. 
Sigh for his follies — for his failings weep. 

Around his irr.ive.wiih slow, sad, pensive pace. 
Moving, they chaunt a requiem to his shade, 

^att'ring ihc dcw-dmps mingled with a tear. 
And hallow the green sod wliere Burns is faid. 

Each, in her turn, to breathe one plaintive strain, 
Plaintive as that from his half-hrokcn heart, 

Rob'd in (be maiiilf: which for him they wove. 
Now sweeps the l^re and acts hermournful part. 

The night-bird ceases her unheeded t.ale. 

L.'isr*n)ng awhile to strains more sweet than those. 
She eVr had sung — then lends her feeble aid, ' 

And pours out one sad note to Burns's woes. 

The morning twilight streaks the ea5^ern clouds. 

And smiles serenely on his c!ay-roof*d urn ; 
Life-wearied wanderer! Nature tun'd that reed, 
Which sang so iwcetiy " man viattnadeto inaurn.''* 


BV 1. H. \.. HUNT. 

%Tt yet the circling lord of time 

0*er Autumns hills ofbrown 
Cnclasps from off his front sublime 

His far.refotgerit crown ; 
Ere yet the placid ewnlng fold 
Her purple stole, bedropi with gold. 

And twilight shui thesilcnt hour; 
O, n\myh, whose clia-.iiis with age rencpr» 
J steal' from caye and man, to woo 

Thy calm ciiergic pow'r ! 

Te great ! I ask not yom- r»pose 

On swelling veK'st laid, 
While o'er my head the oak-leaves cloa* 

Their veneraWe sliad?". 
Far, far from grandeui-'s ( areful way 
To vales and grores the jmisen stray, 

■\Vith and sangmne heakh t 
Tar, whc»« no ijiithlcss hojrt can come 
And lure meek Nature froi.i her home. 
To foUow guilt and wcaitli ! 

And who, for all the srckly channe 

That grandeur boasts xtrt his. 
Would rhange the eternal glow that warirw 

Thehc?lthfni cheek of bliss T 
Who quench in weafth't cold wintry wav« 
Tlie gen'rous flame that nature gave 

To Jill the indepemuent soul ? 
Vot he witk manlier reason blest — 
Not he, unheeded oVf wlmse breast 

The storms of pa«<sioii roll. 

iTo, conicience, no — one/rown ofthine-^ 
t)ne frown, thouxrondrout powV, 

Would crush the sweetest charm dWine, 
The Meditative hour! 

T?.r, Contemplation, from thr waU^ 

%}• guilt in wihlm;r*t<nouft uUi 


Holds fearful converse witli the air j 
ar strays his gaunt and wasted fyririj 
'o fill the pauses of the storm 

With curses and with pray'r ! 

But thee, mild nymph, of virtue born, 

Attendant of tlie good. 
What ever -glowing charms adcrn 

The charms of solitude \ 
Thine is the hour serene and stiH 
Wlicn gentlest airs the woodland fill 

With sighs that whisper to repose » 
Thine the brisk inorn*s elastic hour, 
The weary noon*s sequestered bow'r, 

The day's majestic close. 

tiO, where yon woodbine's clust'ring jajr 
Perfume ih* iinpurpl'd green — 

Where drops pale Hesj)er*s pensive ray, 
Thy saintly form is seen ! 

Thine arms beneath thy moveless breast 

Seem folded in eternal rest ; 
Refulgent is thy lifted eye i 

Thy step, by cartful glow -worms led, 

Unseen, and silent as the trtaU 
Of dark futurity 1 

O, still, when pui^)lc ev'ning glow. 

Athwart the shadowy hour, 
The venerable train disclose 

That owns thy thoughtful pow'r ; 
Pale wisdom, round wh.ise awful head 
The stars a wondrous halo shed ; 

And truth that rends the mask of vice 
And fancy v\ ilh-lier thousand beanie. 
And innocence, whose airy dreams 

Are weavM in Paradise ! 


while the stream of life swells high 
Witliin this glowing heart. 
To eager youth's regardful eye 
Tliy steadier beam itnpart ; 
And when pale Death with noiseless flight. 
Wrapt in the shiveringshades of night, 
Steals slow from some Lethean Isle, 
O, bid theujilifted eye unclose. 
Look back where Life's green landscape glows 
Nor shut without a smile. 

(From Darwin's Temple of Nature.) 

Deep whelm'd bene*th, in vast sepulchral caves, 
Oblivion dwells and nnlabelled graves: 
The storied torn'..-, the laurell'd bust o'erturns. 
And sha'kes their aslies from their mould'ringurns. 
No venial zephyr breathes, no sun beams cheer, 
Nor song, nor simper, ever enters here. 
O'er the green floor, and round the dew-damp wall. 
The slimsy snail and bloated lizard crawl ; 
While on white heaps of intermingled bones 
The muse of Melancholy sits and moans ; 
Showers her cold tears o'er beauty's early wreck. 
Spreads her pale arms, and bends her marble neck. 


THE breast in which this gloomy vice confin'd. 

In secret shows the vile ignoble mind ; 

The downcast looks and meditative strite. 

Point out the narrow soul, and worthless life : - 

The clog of all mankind—not fit to die, 

This great disturber of society. 

Revenge, he cries— dear as the miser's pelf. 

He hopes to ve.\ the world, and plague himself; 

And he who strives to do the ill he can. 

Is more than brutal, and less than inan. 

But stop— jiot let me strive to paint his shame. 

But from tlichumtn race blot out his name. 

So let him stifle all I:is stuj>id phreiizy, 

Sv/elllikea toiJ, »id burst his soul withenv^. 

Miu-ia was in her twentieth year. To the beauty of 
her form, and e.xc? Hence of her natural disposition, ap^ 
»<nt equally indulgent and attentive had doi.« the fullest 
justice. To accomplish hei" person, and to cultivate her 
mind, every endeavour had bten ur.ed : and they had been 
attended with that success which they commonly meet 
with, when not prevented by mistaken fondness or untime- 
ly vanity. Few young ladies have attracted more admi- 
ration ; none ever felt it less ; with all the charms of 
beauty, and the polish of education, the [)lainest were not 
less affected, nor the inost ignorant less assuming. SU« 
died when every tongue was eloquent of her virtues, wheit 
every hope was rijjcning to reward them. 

It is by such private and domestic distresses, that the 
softer emotions of the heart are most strongly excited.— 
The fall of more iiitportnm personages- is commonly dis- 
tant froin our observation ; but evsn where it happenl 
under our immediate notice, there is a mixture of other 
feelings by which our coitipassinn is weakened. The e- 
iniucntly great, or extensively useful, leave behind them 
a train of interrupted viewr, and disappointed expectatU 
oirs, by which the distress is complicated bcvond the sim- 
plicity' <.f pity. But the death of one, who like Matin. wa» 
to shed the influence of her virtues over the age of a fa- 
ther and the childhood of her sisters, presents us .1 little 
view of family afflictiun, which every eye can j>erceive, 
ai-.ri every heart can feel. On scenes of pulilic sorrow & 
national regret, we gaze as upon those g^llerv pictures 
which strike ns with wonder and admiration ;'doinestic 
falainity is like the miniature of a friend, which we wear 
in our bosoms, and keep for secrat looks and solitary en- 
joyment. ' 

The last time I saw Maria was in the midst of a crasrd- 
ed assembly of the fashionable and the gay, where she 
fi.xed all eyes with the gracefulness of her itiotions, and 
the native dignity of her mein ; yet so tempered was that 
superiority which they conferred wiJi gentleness and mo- 
desty, that not a murmur was heard, either from the ri- 
valshipof beauty, or the envy of homeliness. From that 
scene the transition was so violent to the hearse and the 
pall, the grave and the scil, that once or twice my im». 
gination turned rebel to my senses i I beheld the objects 
around me as the painting of a dreajn, and thought of 
Maria asliving still. ■ 

I wa€ soon, however, recalled to the sad reality. The 
figure of her father bending over the grave of his darling 
child 1 the siltnt suil'ering composure in which his coun- 
teuauce was H\ed ; the tears of his attendants, whose 
grief was light, and capable of tears ; these gave me back 
the truth, and reminded me that I should see hernomore. 
There was a flow of sorrow with which I suffered myself 
to be borne along, with a melancholy kind of indulgence s 
but when her father dropped the chord with which he had 
helped to lay his Maiia in the earth, its sound on the cof- 
fin chilled my heart, and horror for a moment took placa 



THERE is a sympathetic enjoyment which often 
makes it no: only Imlrr, but more delightful, to ^v to the 
'ngy than to tb^ bou»c of j fatting. 

boxtae of j. 

Perhaps I fdt it so, when, but a few days ago, I at- 
tejided the funeral of a young lady, who was torn, in the 
bloom of youth and beauty, from the arms of 'a fotod fa- 
ther, who doated on her, of a family by whom shs was 
adored : 1 think I would not have r.\changed my feelings 
at the time, for all the mirth which gaiety could inspirt 
er aU tb* pleMiue wlutb luxiuy «eiil4 lr««t»w. 

of pity ! 

It was but for a moment. — He looked eagerly into the 
grave ; made one involuntary motion to stop the assist- 
ants who were throwing the earth into it ; then suddenly 
recollecting himself, clasped his hands together, threw up 
his e;es to Heaven : and then first I saw a few tears drop 
froin them. I gave language to .ill this. It spoke ales- 
son of faith, and piety, and retignation. I went away 
sorrowful, but my sorrow was neither ungentle nor un- 
manly J cast on this world a glance rather of pity than of 
enmity j on the ne.\t, a look of humbleness and hoi)e ! 

Such, lam persuaded, will commonly be the effect of - 
scenes like that I have described, on minds neither fri- 
gid nor unthinking ; for of feelings like these, the gloom 
of the ascetic is asiittle susceptible as the levitv of the 
giddy. There needs a certain pliancy of mind, w'hich so- 
ciety alone can give, though its vices often destroy, to ren- 
der us capable of that gentle melancholy which make* 
sorrow pleasant, and affliction useful. 

It is not from a mclarwholy of tlifs*ort, that men are 
prompted to the cold unfruitful virtiit of monkish soli- 
tude. These are often the-efiects rather of passion seclu- 
ded than repressed, rather of temptation avoided than 
overcome. The ci-uciHx and the rosary, the death's head 
and the bones, if ciistom has not nuijA them indiOerent 
will rather chill desire tiian excite virtue ; but a' 
midst the warmth of social aftcciion, and of social sym- 
pathy, the heart will feel the wtakness and enjoy'the 
duties of humanitv. 

A rrw rui-r- lsncih 


May te tad at tie Minerva Printing-Offite. 



Two doort belovi the S-vtan-Tavem : 

waxii rxiKTivc i.f cixia.iL, is Exi:cnT«> witH^ 

4,SATSB>s &a> accvRacr. 




R\CUMOVX) -.—ru E S D A 7; DECEMBER 25, 1S34. 

i! 1st.— " The Minerva" will be neatly primtj, 
weekly, on a h:ill-slieet Super-Uo/al paper. 

i 2cl. — The terms art TWO DOLL.\HS]>er annum to It 
be paid in advance. f^ 

3d.— A handsome tit1e-pa;;e and tabic of contents {| 
will be luniislied (gratis) at tlie completion of the It 

atTWXff7P^~'<:::n'«W^TfTW1lri»iitWWa.:r'WWr^|i t i LM II U i| U «Bt WWtt 'l '^ 

T have always considire.i genius distinct from talent, 
» the one is the gift of nature, and the other the result of 
'ndnstry. In common conversation they are generally con- 
founded, and it may, thc.cfore, be no useless employment 
to point out tlie dilTerence. 

Genius is an intrinsic facn'ty, which enables its posses- 
ppr to discover an ol>jcct at a single glance. Talent may 
His cover the same object, but wouU require more time, 
and the ai4 gf a telescope. The former, by the flash of 
inspiration, will in a moment accurately asssrtain its mi- 
nutest part, which the latter can effect only by the assist- 
ance of artificial lights and elaborate cxainination. Ge- 
nius is a fleet courser, that (lis'ances cver^ competitor en 
the Turf; Talent is more distinguished for bottom than 
speed, and, though slow, ivlll carry you safe to the end of 
your journey. More glory surrounds Genius, more use. 
fulness generally attends on Talent, as the diamond and 
(inerald, though more precious, are less current than sil. 
Ver or gold. 

If aman pf t^ciiins writes » ? '^T/.te, he 
subject by t:-.- fiashin^-sof hi,,' and 
lights, even where h« does not convince. 
in the same pursuit, may write with mo 

lightens up the 
nterests and de- 
A man of talent 
re method, and 

reason with more closeness, but we yaw. and gape before 
we read to the end of the volume. Thestvle of Ge.ius is 
glowing, figurative, and yet simple. The style of Talent 
is comparatively either told aud low, or else glaring, pe- 
•lintic and stiiT. * 

In eloquence the distinction ir not less striking. The 
man of Genius pours fonh the richest stores of elocution. 
With every classical figure at coinmand, like Pericles, he 
thunders an.l l,sh.cns.and clothes the choicest Sentiments 
wuh the choicest langt.age, borrowed frotn the exhau.iles, 
wa^robe of hi. creative imagination. He inspires his au- 
d.ence with the passions he feels, and, like a mighty ma 
g.cian, now thrill, them with llorror, and now fires them 
«.th disdain, by the powerful spell of his irresistible elo- 
ouence. The man of talent keeps precisely to the point 
says the very thingthat he ought and no more, is plain & 
perspicuous, well acquainted with his subject, and aims 
only to gi,-e correct language. The man of Ge.iu, wjn 
speak on the spot to a new question, which he never 
before considet^d, and disentangle every knot, in which 
■> .nay ben.volvcd. The man of Talent requires more 
.^e H«d deliberation .». obtain the same success, and, af- 
•"all, produces less effect on the hearer,. 

As «atesm,n, the man of Genius is bold and original, 
'he rm of talent cautious and safe. There are, in 
^vhtehthe former may endanger the state by hi, temeri- 
'y.orsaveitbyiis great abilities ; whilst the latter, in 
»ny .mporlant crisis, could do neither, but in common 
t-me. ,,,„,d steer the political ship with .afctv. rhoufih 
without jlorj'. ' 

Among ilie Grecians, Pericles and Aicibiades were 
mose distinguished for genius, Aristides, and Themisto- 
tics for talent, though the talent of Themistodes wata- 
nimaled by a considerable portion of genius. We observe 
the same characteristic distinctions among the great men 
cfUonie. Taient pjedominated in Fabius and Pompey, 
genius in CaesarandLucullus ; in England we may 
the same difference in Oxford and W.alp ile. Bo. 
Iingbroke andChaham, the foriner excelling in talent, 
and the latter in geaiiis. 

In a word, genius is an intuitive creative power, 
original in its conceptions, powerful in its conv 
ns, and rarely met witfi, i„ an eminent 
degree- Talent is universal, and the infallible re- 
ward of attentive industry. But talent, by cultivation and 
habitual e.«rciie is, in s.-ne so great, as scarcely to be 
distinguished from genius; in others, by indolence, profli- 
gacy, and want of exertion, is so far snivhered as to emit 
but few temporary flashes, unable to diffuse a bright and 
steady flaine. Let none have the vanity to imagine, 
that they are gifted with the rarest of intellectual erdow. 
ments, and flatter themselves that they t^e personi of e;:- 
traordinary genius, but let it be the honest ambition of;ii; 
to obtain what is within the reach of all, and exert them- 
rives to become men of tiseful and respectable talents- 


[NvafKR 16. 


HarbIS <y. j. CHJCHESft.n, ESf^. 

Tlie plaintiff is an eminent jebman in horses, the de 
fendant a gentleman well Jtnown on the turf, residing on 
V-iscsi,..t« in Devinshirj. The r.r, had purchased of 
the latter a coach-horsc, at the price of forty guineas, ur- 
der the warranty of his being quiet in harness. The horse 
had been offered for sale by the plaintiff to Lord Hosl; n 
and had been rejcttcd, on the first trial, on account of !he 
symptoms of restiveness which he exhibited. 

Mr. Garrow for the plaintiff, said Lord Ro,h n citild 
net attend, to give testimony, on account of a «vere in- 
dlspo.iiion; hut Several of his servants deposed to the vio. 
ent ros.stanceanduntractabienessof the animal on the 
occ.-,sionofthe firs, experiment, so as ,0 endanger the 
lives of the persons att.mptiug to controul him. 

Mr. Erskine. for the defendant, produced testimony to' 
the quietness of the animal for a period of nine years - he 
said that the beast, «-well as himself, had often ,o„e a- 
l<:mUr, ,o,nct;^„, ou o„c ,idc, ^neihncs o„ ,he other, and like himself ,I.,„,.1,e had'Been found pcfich ,n,;a 
U...u>,,r.l,.. He then sent for Nathanfel FelLow-' 
Esq. from the Middlesex committee, who had frcquertl)' 
drtventhe horse, and gave evidence ,0 his safety- and. 
last of all. he called John Gilpin, to shew that he'did not 
run away with him. He further proved, th,t he had b-en 
driven at harrows, and in a unito, team, or what is call- 
ed a coach and three. The learne.l counsel then said, that 
he should eon.e to the conclusive deposition a, lc„,;,h, and 
produced testimony to the animal having been driven' in a 

Lord Ellenboroiigh— "Thisis a horse, sold undera war- 
•anty to go temperately in harness, and the evider'ce 
both tides is strong and contradictory. On the pan 
the defendant, there is a-hasta, as the tractable dispositi. 
sition of the animal had not been brought up to the pre- 
cise time of the sale , o the tiaiutiff, and a horse might 
soon be rendered vicious ant! Unmanageable b. abuse St 
wantonness "— Verdi^ for the defendant. 

A CASE fa- Gentlemen oftlx Lav,. 
.Will Webster, of Stamford, sr>Id as good a cup of ale 
M ftW mantled in a beer glass. He was bred a baker] 
fc. Mis common in the counti7,he always sold bread, and 
it was as common for working people t* call for a jena 
loaf as a penny worth of ale at his house. 

A man came one day for six prnry loaves— Webster 
.cr«J l-.,m a, he sat in ,he drinking room ; .nd af.e, 
.hey had been delivered to him he said, " Master Webster 
take one ol your leaves back. Ml have but five, and brinj 
me a penny worth of year ale, that will make up the si, 
pence, all the you know." The ale was brought 
him. and he gave a loaf for it, drank it and called forano- 
•her, and another, until he had exchanged the six leave, 
f.r.ix penny-worths of ale .-then rising up, ,,id, Mary 
must do w.ih brown bread, which he bdievcd wci.ld h, 
q.i... a. good for her health; fc^wa. deliberately marching 
oir, when the lardlord desi.ed to be paid. '• P,.id • f„ 
what?" .said the fellow. .. For my btead." ansv.-e.ed th* 

landlord. Your bread-ha»e yr„ not had it again !•' 

" Why then pay me fcr the ale," sard the ptblican. .. I 
gave ) cu bread, for it," answered the defendant. •■ Th»» 
is trt.r," answered Bon.face, " yet somehow I think I 
am cheated, but ;f ever yen bother me ag..ln, call me cat. 
tha^'s^ail_you shall always pay for ever, thing., 1 bring 

Law Qi.ery.-Upon what can the landlord krijig hit a^. 

Sietck </ ^oi,, anJJcsiah 3oydM. 

Il!u.'.-rir,-s artists, who by their industry and eminent 

a'.Mlt-w, have raised themselvet to a very respectabl. 

rank and situaticn in life. They have been long known 

by the ]n,blic as munificent patrons of the fine arts. Tho 

ShakspeareGalery isamost Il,agni;^cent teslimcnyof 

their public ..pirit, aud their love of the arts, and will 

I transmit their names with honour to posterity. Their tu- 

[ pfib edition of Milton's Paradise Lost, their History of 

the principal Rivers of Great Britain, and other works 

have procured them a just and extensive reputatiot' Mr'. Bcydell has acquitted hintself v> i,h singular 

honour in the arduous and in:portant duties of a citv ma- 

gisiriSe. When he served in th: ofiice of Lord May- 

or of London, in Vm. hi, afiability to his 

-his in.parti;d adn.iiii9traiion cf public justice, & hi, assi, 

ducus attention to theweigStJE,coilcernt of hi, elevated st». 

ti-n, united in endearing hiWTfoailranks and deacrlpiinH, 

of people, and distinguished him » an mod.l 

for succeeding magistrate 

Sketch of fery Bunbury, £sj. 

Brother to Sir Tb*- a, Charles Bunbnrr, Bt. This 
gentleman it an ai tint i f conaideraUe eminence in the se- 
rious, but of .till superior merit in the humorous and ludi- 
crous departments of drawing. He may with propriety 
be called the Hogarth of his day. In 178r, he published » 
se, i« of ludicrous Prints on the subject of Hcr.ern^u^htp 
accompanied by instructions in the art, written in a very 
liap{iy vein of irony. The title of the volume is Hints to 
bad Horsemen, by Geoffry Gamdado. 1 he Progres. < f 
a Lie : a Long Story, and numerous other productions of 
his facetltus pencil, are well known and justly celebrated. 
His most admired drawing bears the n^m. tf Lord'j-day 
Evening Amtisements. 



For 1804. 


[By Dr. Goldsmith] 

Man.-irhen sfcluded from society, is not a mnre solita* 
t-i bring, than the woman who lca\'es the duties of her 
own sex to invade the pri/ilcgcn of ours. .She seems, in 
r'jch circumstances, like one in banishment ; she appears 
likeaneuirat being bctwen the sexe^ ; and though slie 
Ilia/ have the admiration of both, ske finds true iiapi.>iness 
from neither. 

Of all the lid'ei of antiquity, I have read of none, irho 
wit ever more justly c«l'.br.i-ed (ban the heauiif ul Kypa- 
fcia, the daughter of I. eon. the philosopher : — this most ac- 
complished of women was born at Aleiandria, in th« 
vcign of I'heodosius the jounger. Nature was nevermore of its gifts than it bad been lo her, endued as she 
■was with tlic most e-tahed understanding, and the happi- 
est turn to scicticc. Education Completed what nature had 
bc;;un, and ina 1: her the prodigy nut only of her age, 
but the glory i;f her sex. 

From licr father she learned geometry and astronomy ; 
she collected from the conversation and schools of the o- 
tlicr pUiljsojihers, for which Ale.tandria was at that time 
fainoi'S, the principles of ibe rest of the sciences. 

What cannot be conquered by natural penetration and 
B i>aption lor study ? The boundless knowledge, which 
at that period of lime was required to form :ihe character 
ofa philosopher, no wav discouraged her \ she d-livcred 
hersvlf up to the study of Aristoiic and Phto, and soon 
not one in Alexa-idiia undcrslood, s j perfectly as she, 
all the difliciiltict! of those twopbilopb-jr's. 

But not their systems al.)nct but those of every other 
sect were quite familiar with her ; and to this knowledge 
eht added that of polite learning, and th:; art of oratory. 
All the learning, which it was possible for the human mind 
to contain, bttingjoined to a rnost enciianiing eloquence, 
rendered this lady the wonder nor only of ibe'pojjulace, 
vhoenily .adiniif, but of iibilisophtrs theiiiseivei, who 
*are sctdoni fond of admiration. 

Thct city of Alexandria was every day crowded with 
:t ang« it., who came from all parts of Greece and Asia, to 
see and hear her. As for llie chttnns of her person, they 
miKht not pmbably have been mcn'ioned, did she notjoiii 
to a beatity the most striking, a vir.tte that might repress 
the most as."umiiig ; and though in the whjie capit;il, 
famed for charms, there was not one who conld equal 
- lier in beauty : though in a city the resort of all the learn- 
ing then existing in the world, there was not one wlio 
conld equal her in knowledge ; yet. with such accomplish- 
rrents, HrpcsiK was the modest of her sex. Her 
reputation for virtue was not less than her virtues ; :ind 
though in a city divided between two factinns, though vi- 
sited by the wits and the jihilosophers of the age, calum- 
nv rcver dared to su-.pect her morals or attempt her cha- 
racter. Both the Christians and the Heathens, who have 
transmitted her history and her misfortunes, have hut one 
voice, when they speak of her beauty, her knowledge, and 
her virtue. Nay, so much harmony reigns in their ac- 
counts of this prodigy of perfection,' that in spite of the 
opposition of their faith, we should never have been able 
to judge of what religion was Hypathia. were we not in- 
f.irtncil, from other circumstances, that she was a Hea- 

Thi6,gre»t reputation, of which she was so justly pos- 
s'Sicd, was, at last, hov. ever, the occasion of her 

rbe perton, who then possessed the patriarchate of A- 
i->3nt'rla. was equally reTiiarkablc for his Tiolence, criitl- 
tv. and pride. Conducted by an ill-grovinded zeal for the 
Christian religion, or perhaps desirous of augmenting his 
;'.uthority in the city, he had nieditnled the banishment of 
tl'.c Jews. A difference arising between them aad the 
Chrsiiain, with nspect to some public games, seemed to 
him a proper juncture for putting his ainbitious designs 
intoeiecutinn. He found no tlifTculty in exciting the pec. 
pie, natuially disposed to revolt : — the prefect, who at 
thttt time commanded tlie city, interposed on this occasi- 
on, and thouglit it just to put one of the chief creatures of 
the patriarch to the torture, in order to discover the first 
promorer ef the conjpiraey. The patriarch enraged at 
the injustice ht thought oflered to his character and digni- 
ty, and jiiqui-d at the protection which was offered to the 
Je'vj. sent for the chiefs of the synagogue, and enjoined 
th' n In re: ounce their designs, under pain of incurring 
his h jbest displeasure. 

The Jews, far from fearing his menaces, excited new 
taniulis in which several citizens had the misfortune to 
f.ill. The patriarch could no longer contain ; at the head 
cf a numerous hodv of Christians, he flew to the syna- 
f;. gues, which h« demolished, anil dreve the Jews from a 
C'ty, of/which tliev had been possessed, since the times 
<r Aleianderthe Great. Itmay be easily imagined, that 
the pretVct coiiM not behi Id, withoutpain, his jurisdicti- 
on i\in^ iiKtil'ed, anil the city deprived of a number of its 
most industrious inhubitantb. 

The aFair was therefore brought before the emperor. 
The p»tr ich complained of the excesses of the Jews, 
and the prefect of the outrages of the patriarch. At this 
••T) jurctuK, five hundred monks of mouiit Nitria, ima- 

gining the life of their chief to be in danger, and that 
their religion was threatened in his fall, (lew into ihe city. 
with ungovernable rage, attacked the prefect in the streets 
and not content with loadinghim with rsproaches, woun- 
ded liim in several places. 

«ns had by this time notice of the fury 
links :^they therefore assembl,*d in a bodv, 
iionks' to fight, seized on hiin who had been 
ving a stone, and delivered him to the prefect. 

The c 

of the 
put the 
found th; 

aussd him to be put to death without farthe 

who I 

The patriarch immediately ordered the dead body which 
had been exposed to view, to be taken down, procured for 
it all the pomp and rites of burial, and went even so far 
as to pronounce the funeral oration, in which he classed a 
seditious monk among the martyrs. This conduct was by 
no means generally ap]iroved of; the most mode- 
rate even among theChrsians, perceived and blamed 
his indiscretion ; but he was now too far r.dvanced to re- 
tire. He had made several overtures towards a i-ecencili- 
ation witij the prefect, which not being ngreeil to, he bore 
those an implacable hatred whom he iimagined to hive had 
any hand in traversing his designs j but Hyp:i5.ia par- 
ticularly destined to ruin. She could not find pardon, as 
she was known to haVe * most relined friendship for the 
inefctit, wherefore the populace weie incited against her. 
Peter, a reader of the principal church, one of those vile 
slaves, by which hicn in power are too frequently attend- 
ed, wretches, ever re.idy to commit atty crime, which 
theyhope may render them agreeable to their emjiloycr ,- 
this fellow, I say, attended by a crowd of villains, waited 
for Hjpasia, as she was returning from a visit, at her own 
door, seized her as she was going in, and dragged her to 
oneofthe churches called Ces:.rea, where, snipping her 
in a most inhuman manner, they exercised the most in- 
huinan cruelties upon her, cm intopieces, and burnt 
her remains to ashes. Such was the end of Hjpasii, 
the glory cf her own sex, and the astonishment of 
ours. ,- 

(By Lord Che«tekfi«ld.) 

A friend of yours and mine has very justlr defined 
good-breeding to be. " the result of much good sense, 
some good nature, anda little self-denial fcr the sake of 
oihers, and with a view to obtain • the seine induit^encc 
from thcni." Taking this for granted (as I think il'can- 
not be disputed) it is astonishing to me that any bodv, who 
has sense and good nature, can essentially fail in" '^oud- 
broeding. As to the modes of it. indeed, they varv .tc- 
cording to persons, places, ahd circumstance's ; and are 
only to be acquired by observation and experience : but 
the substance of it is ev.ry where and eternally the same. 
Good manners arc, to particular societies, what good-mt . 
rals are to society in general, their cement, and their se- 
curity. Andaslawsare enacted to enforce good morals 
cr at least to prevent the ill effects of bad so there 
are certain rules of civility, universally iinplled and re- 
ceived, to enforce gof^d mannners, and punish bad ones. 
And indeed there teems to me to be no difference both 
between the crimes and punishtnents. than at first one 
would imagine: the immoral n\an who invades another's 
property is justly hanged for it : and the ill-bred man, 
who, by his ill-manners, invades and disturbs the quiet and 
comfort of privates Ife, is by common consent as justly 
banished society. Mutual complaisance^, attentions, and 
sacrifices of little convctiiencies, are as natural an implied 
compact between kings and subjects : wlioevcr, in either 
case, violates that compact, justly forfeits all advantages 
arising from it. For my own part, I really think, that, 
next to the consciousness of doing a good action, that of 
doing acivil one is the most pleating: and the epithet 
which 1 siiould covet the most, next to that of Aristldes ' 
wovild be that of well bred : — thus much for g lod-breeding 
in general; 1 wilt now consider some of the various 
modes and degrees of it. 

Very few. scarcely any, are wanting in the re.tpect 
which tliey should shew to those whom tiiey acknowledge 
to be infinitely their superiors ; such as crowned heads, 
princes, and public persons of distinguished and eminent 
posts. It is the manner of shewing that respect which is 
indiicreet: the man of fashion, and of the world, expres- 
ses itin its fullest extent : but naturallv, easily, an.l with- 
out concern : whereas a man, who is not used lo kfep 
good company, expresses it aukwardly ; you sec. tliat he 
is not med to it, and that it costs him a great deal : but I 
never saw the worst bred man living, guilty of lolling, 
whistling, scratching his head, and sucli like indecencies 
in company that he respected. In such companies, there- 
fore, the only point to be attended to is, to shew that re- 
spect which every body means to shew, in an easy, unem. 
barrassed, and jraccfi.1 manner; ihit is what observation 
and experience tiiust teach you. 

In mixed companies, whoever is admitted to make part 
of them, is for the time *at least, supposed to be uiiun a 
foiling of equaiUy with tlie rest i and, consequentK, as 
tlieie is no one jirincipal object . of awe and respec, 
people are apt to take a greater latitude in their behaviour^ 
aoej to be loss iiponthe'.r guard : and so they may provid^ 
cd it be within certain bounds, which arc upon iio occasi- 
on to be transgressed. But, upon these occasions, though 

I no one is entitled to distinguished marks of respect, every 
one claims, and very Justly, every mark of civility and 
good breeding. Ease isallowed, but carelessness and neg- 
ligence are strictly forbidden. If a man accosts you, and 
talks to you ever so dully or frivolously, it is more than 
rudeness, it it brutality, to shew him by a manifest in 
atterition to what he says, that you think him a fool or a 
blockhead, and not worth hearing. It is much more s„ 
with regard to women j who, of whatever rank they are 
areentttlcd, in consideration of their sex. not only to an 
attonlive, but an officious goo.l breeding from men ■ their 
r,; k''"';^' '■''"l""' P****]''"^"' w>«ipaihies, and fancies 
must be attended to. and, if possible, .nicsse 1 
at and anticipated, by a well-bred .r,an*^ You nTust ne 
ver usurp to yourself those conveniences and giatifications 
which are of common right ; 'such as the best iilaccs th, 
best dishes, &c^ but on the contrary, always decline ,>,;,„ 
yo.irsel^ oiler thttm to others ; who, i„ their turns 
will olifl- them to you ; so that, upon the whole, vouwiU 
in your turn, enjoy your share of the common right It 
would be endless for me to enumerate all the naniqular 
instances in which a «tell.bred man shews his good bree" 
ing in good company: and it would be injurious to rmwo 
suppose that your own good sense v.-ill no't point them ou^ 
to you , and ,hen_your own good na-ure will reco„„«nd 
and your sell-intercst enforce the practice. 

There is a third sort of good-bfecding, into which the 
people are the most apt to f.II, from a mistaken notion 
that ihcy cannot fail at all. I mean, wi'h regard to one', 
most famthar Iriends and arqnaintancei, or those who re 
ttlly are our inferiors; and there, undoubtedly, a greater 
degree of ease is not onlv allowed, but proper and cm 
tribute much to the comforts of a private, social a But 
eabc and freedom have their bounds, which mus- lv no 
means be violated. A certain degree of negligence and 
carelessness becomes injurious and insulting, from 'he re- 
al or supposed inferiority of the persons : and that de 
l.ghtful lilierty of coversation amot-ga few friends is so-^ 
destroyed, as liberty of,cn has been, bv beinrc.nrried lo li- 
cetmousnets. But example exphdns things best', and I 
wi,l put a pretty strong case ; Suppose vou and me alone 
together ; 1 believe you will allow that I have as good x 
right to unlimited freedom in your company, as either 
oil or I can possibly have in any other; and, I am aut to 
b.I.eve too,, nation world indulge me in that free, om. 
asfarasanyb^dy would. But. notwiihstanding thi, do 
you imagine that I should think there was no bounds to 
that freedom ? 1 assure you, I should not 'hinkso; and 
Ifakem>scttobeasm,:chtie.l<Wnbv a certain de. 
^lee of good iiiannei-s to yo„, us bv other degrees of them 
to other pe.j,le. The most familiar and intimate habi- 
tudes, connections, and frieitdihips, require a greater de- 
gree of good breeding, both to preserve and cement them" 
1 he best of us have our bad sides ; and it is as imprudent 
as It IS dl-brcd, to exhibit tl em. I .Mull not use ceremo- 
ny with you i it would be misplaced between is- but I 
shall certainly observe that degree of g.iod-breeding with 
yon, which IS. in the first pl:tce, decent, which, I am 
sure, 15 absolutely necessary to make lit like one another^ 
company long. 



To toe Editor of the rat Folio. 

[The following interesting communication was made by 
me to Mr. Botwell, a short time before his death ; Dr. 
Uush having politely committed to paper, for that pur- 
pose, at ni> request, liie information" casually given, 
some time before, in the course of conversation. Mr. 
lloswell received it with many thanks, and intended«to 
insert it in the third edition of the life of his illustrious 
Iriend, Dr. Samuel Johnson. He lived not, however, 
to execute that intention ; I have therefore, solicited, 
and obtained Dr. Rush's p«nTii.<5ion to hand it to you ; 
a literary Journal, like the Ptrt Folio, being the inost 
])roper channel to convey to the atUnirers of Dr. Samu- 
el Johnson, any anecdotes respecting him, or ajiy of his 
sentiments, v/hich hav; not yet been given to the 

Yours, Stc. 


PhUailclpUa, yov. 23, 1804. 

DXIVR ftlR, 

During my residence in London, in ihe year ITM, I 
was introduced by our worthy countryman, Mr West, tn 
Sir Joshua Reynolds, who favored me, a few days after- 
wards, with a card to dinner. At his table, I met a group 
of authors, among wh'jm was the celebrated Dr. Jolftson. 
The day was to me one of the most memorable 1 passed 
while abroad, on account of the singular display, which I 
witnessed, both of talents and knowledge. Dr. Johnson 
came lafe into company. Upon his entering the room, 
he foitnd Sir Joshua consoling one of his guests, under the 
pain he feit from having been handled very severely hy 
the reviewers. * Dont mind thein ;"' saitl Johnson to tlie 
complaining authcr. • Where is the advantage of a man 
having a great deal of money, but that tlie lost »S ^ littls 

Vol. 1. 



witi not hurl hjifj J Ami where is the i.lviiitage of a man 
havmg a K""' ^l"' ^>l r;pj:alion, lint tliat the lois of a 
litiic wiH not hurt htiii ; You can hcxr it.' 

At diiin-^r I sat down bctwcfi Dr, J-^hnsoo and Hr. 
GolJsinih. The fcrmer lo)k the lead in conrfrsation. 
He in^lruiicd iiprn aU 5nbji-C'S. One of theip was 
drunkcnnei.5, tjpon whirh lie dmiovered much of that ori- 
ginal cnerpjy o I thought ;md cxiirtssion, which were 50 
peculiar to him. 

rl ]n 

of the comjia- 
V, liether i- he- 


Tlic avcrjto ntariiifnn w 
n-*, about which nauir^ili^.t 

longed to the vc?:etablc 01 : 1. • It is 

nimal :' saiil Dr.Juhnson. -I . 'e been ai 

ed, and ihey jida 1 vola.ilc alkali, a;Mlihis we kn 
the criterion ol ai.imal maver as diMinguishcd from 
lahle. which yields a fixed alk.ili." I was much ! 
wirti this remirk ; for I did not es'rct to hear a man, 
wh.'se itudies appeared, from hi.s v i ingS, to have been 
confined to mnal and philnbgical subjects, decide so con- 
fid'rntly upon a in .i.-t'.ural history. 

A bTik, which had IiOn r;- f^nll .-inibl-s'ied, lctl!osn>ne 
re.rarks npon its author. Dr. Goldktnith, addVcsinp; 
himself to Dr. Juh: son, said,' He ippears, Doctor, from 
.some passa'<cs in his book, t(^ he of vour r.cqiiain- 
tances.' ■ yes,', said J-.h.,5on, ■ I know hini.' • And ptav 
what do yourhink of him !' said Grldsmilh. ' He is well 
enough-^well enough,' said Johnson. ' 1 have heard,' 
said Goldsniiih, ' he is much given to asking qiies-ions in 
company.' • Yes, h; is.' s lid J ohn^in. and his questi- 
ons ar.; not of the most iu'eresiing; i.atu.' -.They are such rs 
iliis — ' Pray, Doctor, why is an apple lound, and why is 


; So ! 

Diiriii'^ th-? time of dinner. Dr. Goldsmirh o*;ked mc se- 
vei 1 questions, relative to the manners and cus.onis if 
the Munh Aii;er!ca:t Indians. Dr. J.ihnsnn, who heard 
one of Ihem, suddenly interrupted him. and «iiid, ' there 
is not an Indian in North Anif :•■::<!, who w-on'd have ask- 
ed such a foolish questiin.' • I ain sure,' said Goldsmiih. 
• liicre is not a sivaf;e in fVmerica that would have iinade 
to rude a speech to a jj'^iuleman.' 

After dinner, he was drawn into a dispute wi*h a citi. 
zen of London, ab'iut the liot, which had taken place, a 
shoyttiutebefor:, in St. Oeorsc's field^ and the \Vell- 
knov.'n steps that were takeA by the British G'jvemmcnt 
to quell it. The ciiizeii condenintd the conduct of po- 
vernmeftt in very harsh ternvs, and said that Colonel — ^ — 
haddeclired that he wnitd have suppresed the rictiivi.h; 
out tiring a gun or killing a man. * Tiiat -nay be,' .said 
Johnson,' sorite men ha/e a knack in quelling rio s, 
which others have nor, just as >'oa, Sir, have a knack in 
def.nrting them, which I have ;ioi.* 

I re;;ret that 1 cannot gratify y,,,,, bv d.etailing the whole 
of the Djcti.r's conversation, durint;; the course ot* the 
<Jjy. I shnitld lit^t have ventured, al'.er the lapie of near- 
ly tour and twenty )cars, to have.give.i you the above, 
from mcmcry.harl they tlot been itnprcttied u]>on ir, by 
my having occasionally rtlated them since, amon^ my 

With great regard, lam 
Dear Sir, 

You.- sincere fricrd, 

E2d, Apr.l, 1793.' ^ 



^V» are infonned by ancient -vriiers, that the dresses 
worn by the Lacedemcnian maidens were so made as to 
be highlv indecent, and nt!i to answer the principal end 
of eloa.Ming : and it is pubA'ilf :;.at the Jewish ladies, 
dcsciilied bv Isuiah, (ciiapler iti.1 misjht »'ear dresses of 
a similar far.hion. Yes-men's of tiie ccb-m!, kind, a sort of 
»9-f-Terii\t,'j. which would i.ot hiildirthe wearers from ap- 
pearing almost naised ; such as Menander calls rt trms- 
parent wt, and mcnii.ins as tlie dress of a courte/an ; and 
such asVarra styles ' vata, glassy veslnwntj ; Ho. 
race from the island of Coot, where the ttuft'was made, 
detiomiuates Coan^ lib. fat. 2, line 101. 

" -Ct>/> Hbi bene vit/ere eat 

Ut „u'lam." 

" Through the Ccan vest 
You alaiosl see her naked." 

n hi-. roi;i stuff was probably a kind of verv thin silk or 
gau7.e. So Lady M. W. Montijru. describingiher Turkish 
dr ii^s, says it was of fine white silk gau^c, closrt at the 
n'/^^ilh a diamond button, but the sha|>e jnd color of 
the Bosom was very well to be distinguished through it. 

Dr. Shaw informs, (Travels, p. 241.) "that in the Le- 
vant.iniVjonriform a part of fcnale dress, foi that the 
Moorish wotiwn in Lar'jary are so fond of tlitir orna- 
iJients, and particularly fortiieirlookinf; jiasses, which 
they wear iiponlhcir breasts, that they will not lay them 
aside, e»eii when after the drudgery of the day they are 
I'bl.ged to«a two or three miles with a pitcher or a goal's 
• to fcJaf water." And it is certain, from txodus 

.wxviii, 8. that the Israelitish women used to carry their 
mirrors, made of polished brass, with them, even to their 
most solemn placis of worship ; but it is by no means 
equally certain that they ever wore traiisfi{tf''etit gar- 

In the third chapter of Isaiah, referred to above, the 
prophet particularly describes the manner and dress of 
the Jewish ladies, which ajipcar to have been sotineihing 
nearly of the sami description as those of the most fashi- 
onable i>art of the females of the present day. 


'• O .' li-bat a noble mind h here o^ertbroivn!^^ 


IN travelling through one of the western counties of 
V rgi iia few weeks ptut, an inctdem occurred whichaf- 
fectcd my sensibility in a remarkaule degree. On ilie 
skirts of a litlle inland.lown, I noticed a comely young 
man with a dejected countenance, sitii-ig on the naked 
ground, a few paces frotn the road : I rode up to him, and 
suppising him from his appearance to be sick, enquir- 
ed of his health. He eyed me afentively, but made no 
atiswer : on repeating the enquiry, he cast on nie a look of 
scornful indignation, rose up and walked deliberately a. 
way. Such a recep'ion from a stranger, whom I had 
neith'^r injui-ednor oHended, amazed and coiif.iu.ided ine. 
While Iwas still viewing him, and endeavouring to di- 
vine some meaning for his myiterious and apparently un- 
gi-ateful behaviour, a decent looking man passed by ; to 
him I related the circumstance, and desired an explanati- 
on : — " The poor youth is a maniac," replied the gentle- 
man ; " 'Tisno wonder that heshould slight your ques. 
lions, for he has not spoken half a dozen wo-ds to his 
relations and f^-iendj forasirany months." My curiosity 
e-\ii*.cd me to enquire of my i.iforniant, the causes which 
had produced this lamentable instance of insanity : he in- 
vited me to slop with him at the Village Taverti. which 
was but a little distance out of my way ; he would i\M:\\, 
he said, recite to trie a tragic tale, which, if I possessed a 
soul that could sympathise in the mibfoi-:uneof its ftllbw- 
man, would richly ctimjjensate me for my trouble : he 
would relate airinstance of implacable cruelty on the one 
part, and of quiescent iniTcring on the other, which should 
melt to pity the most obdurate heart. Having arrived 
at the Inn.i requested my new acquaintance to begin his 
narritioiii and he cotnJ<!i»d n the foUowinj words: 

'' The unfortunate young man whom yon Just no'v saw, 
and whose long and unremitted distress hlis i'maired 
the faculties o'f his once ardent and comprel.eiivivc niitid, 
was born to a fortune little inferior to a'ly in the west* rii 
coun.rv-; unfortunitel / for poor ingrain (Mr that is the 
name of the unhappy man) his father died when he was 
an infint ; on his death beil the alTectiona'c parent call- 
ed to him his favorite broth-'r, in whom he tliougju h-i 
couidimitlicitly re'y, and comtnirted to hiiii ihe entire 
char',;e and direction of his son's education, and the ma- 
nagei»>ent of his fortme. until lie should arrive at yeirs of 
dit.crotion ; — hccotijllrcd him by his frtiternal regt.rl, by 
the long friendship and unceasing kindess of his expiriiT^ 
brother— he solemnly implored lum to alf.ird his pr )iecti° 
oil to his infant son. The uncie pr.nnised to perfpriii each 
of these duties to the utmost of hi. ability; and the fond 
parent clasping his little infant in his arms, e.tpired 
with the calm resignation of a benevolent aud honest 

" The Uncle of young Ingram (continued the gentle- 
man) had found in Irs d.'ceased brother, not onlyananec- 
tionate relative but a most beneficent benefactor : to that 
brother he was principally indebted for his liberal educa- 
tion and the means of pushing his fortune in the world : 
— and he wasa. that time, the most ajiproved Lawyer in 
his neighbourhood ; to whom else could the father of In- 
gram so prudently trust the fa'e of his only child (-In a 
few years young Ingram was |ilacedata Grammar School, 
where he manifested every sign of a rich genius and an 
excellent heart : at seventeen years of age he was removed 
to the University of William and Mary, the alma vinter 
of our most distinguished citizens ; his persevering indus- 
try in acquiring science excited the emulation of'his fel- 
t<,w students; his acquireiTients had been equalled by few 
of his age ; and while the prospect of his future promo- 
tion commanded the respect of his associates, his amiable 
dispt^ition and affectionate behaviour secured to him their 
lasting and zealous friendt.hip. He was in his twentieth 
year when he returned to the residence of his Uncle, 
whom he had seldom visited during hit studies at the 

The acquaintance of his family were forward in shew- 
ing every mark of respect to' the promising son of so 
worthy a father ; and he wascaressed and admired in e- 
very polite circle of the neighbourhood. Among the 
youn.; ladies to whom he had been occasionally introduced 
M as lb; beautiful daughter of a wealthy merchant, whom 
I shall here distinguish by the fictitious name of lervey ; 
this gemlcinan was in every sense of the word a . cmplcle 
TraJ^r : the accumulation of a very large fortu le had ra- 
ther whetted than sated his ruling passion of avarice ; and 
every of justice, honor or humanity Vere 

laid aside, when they barred the acccmplishment of a fair 
speculation : tuch was the man whom unkind fortune 
had destined to be the parent of so lovely a daughtet as 
-tuu/'jo Btncy. Ingram admired the beauty, but adored 
the virtues of Louisa ; her partiality for hiin was equally 
hxed ;— Mr. Hervey was too well acquainted with the cal. 
culationof cent, percent, to discourage the addresses of 
so wealthy a suitor as hes upposed Mr. Ingram to be ; 
and this amiable young man, waited with impatience for 
the joyous period when he should come of age, expecting 
then to receive from his Uncle the amount of his parental 
tortunc— and this would be followed by the acquisition of 
a real treasure— the idol of his heart. He anticipated the 
happiness he should enjoy in the possession of a virtuous 
and sensible wife, whom he did not marry for the sake of 
her gold, but for the amiable qualities of her head and 
hetirt . [A servant now informed us that dinner was 
waiting.] After dlTlner (observed my informant) I will 
conclude my history of this unfortunate ; how the fairest 
Jirospects of permanent felicity were blighted In their 
bloom, and the chilling frost of adversitv succeeded tO 
the liattenng sunshine of prosperity." 

[ To bee 

udeJiH < 



On Eaturclay evening last, Jlfr. George W. Di>rnn, totht 
truly amiable and much admired Mils Elizabeth Binning, 
bam — both of this city. 

on the saine evening, Mr. William Word of this 

city, to Miss Cynthia Crutchjield of Hanover. 

-, on the same 
irulir.e Crutehfield, 

linfi Mr. John Smith, to 

On Wedi-.esday the 19tli inst. Gapt ^oin Le. 

■r, ofthii 


The ship Alonzo, Capt. Gibbs, arrived at New York, 
brings London jiapers to the 22d of October, which state, 
Tnat orders have been sent to Portsmouth and Plyiributh 
to convey to the Bank, the treasure found on board the 
Spannh ships there. Several Spanish vessels outward 
bound, have been alsodetaiiifil in pons. Noiwiih- 
standhigthese circumilances, it is supposed that the sub- 
sisiing negociatlon wiil not necessarily tenninate in a 
war— and it is asserted ihat it w^iil be at least three weeks 
before any thing will be decisively determined upon rela- 
tive to this important subject. 

Three hundred French and Batavian armed veyrls, that 
were assembled at Onend, have alreadv got to Dunkirk 
under Vice Admiral Verhueil. The whole fjrce will be 
collected at Boulogne, and great events are looked for 
from that quarter. 

All vessels arriving froin the ports of the Batavian re. 
public are examined by what are called Admiralty ships ; 
and those on board of which English produce is found, 
are detained, and not suffered to land their freight until the 
Government shall la\e «ome to a final determination on 
the subject. ^ 

Letters from Trieste aiid Venice agree in slating, that 
the Adwatic swarms with French privateers, and tliat no 
English iiicrchantmen ventures to navigite that Gulph. 


A gentleman who lately arrived at Boston informi 
that the action of destroying the frigate Philadelphia, in 
the Inrbir of Tripoli, was considered in all the ports of 
the Meditcrtonean, as a coufi d'eclns, surpassing in the. 
boldness of the attempt, and the^ucceesful execution of 
the entcrprize, any naval action that has occurred forma- 
ny vears. ^ 

Capt. Abbott, arriredat Norfolk, in 15 days from St. 
Martin's, informs, that the town of St. Thomas was de- 
stroyed by fire on the night of the 25th ulr Every house 
on the flats, from the east to the west end. were destroy- 
ed, four excepted. Several lives were lost in the confla- 
gration, and property to an inimense amount. Capt. Ab- 
bott fuither states, that just before he sailed, news was 
received there (--f the arrival of three ships of the line, 6 
frigates, and 3000 troops, at the islands of Martinique Sc 
Guadaloupe, from France. 

Benjamin Austin, Junr. of Masfschusetts, hasbeen no* 
minated by the President to be commissioner of loans, in 
Massachusetts, vice Thompson J. Skinner, Esq. appoint- 
ed Marshal. 

The London Star iays— Captain Collier is appointed to 
the ccmmand of the Leander, of 50 gum, at Halifax, 
bearii g the flag of Sir A. Mttcheil. 







White wnmcn like soft music charms. 

So sweetly bliss dispenses, 
Som. favorit. part each fair performs, 

In the concert of the senses. 
Love, g^eat first fiddle in the band. 

Each passion quells and raises, 
Exploring^, with a master's hatiJ, 

Nice Modulation's mazes i 
Till the wrapt sou!, supremely blest. 

Beams brighily in eacli feature, 
A'ld lovely woman staitds coiifcst 

The harmony of nature. 

Hark! with the pensive, in lUiet, 

The spriKhrly liorn it mingles ! « 
The Prude's the flute, and the Coquet 

The lively harp that tingles ! 
One boldly sweeps<he yielding strings, 

Wliile pliiiiiive, to'ther prates it : 
1,W' Cac'iar, this to victory springs. 

Like Fahius that awaits it. 
Wi:h viri'-us gifts to make us blest. 

Love skills each charming creature; 
Tliti^, lovely woman stands confest 

The harmony of naiur*. 

Maids arc'of virginals the type. 

Widows the growling tymbal. 
Scolds arc the shrill and piercing pipe, 

Flirts are the wiry crmbat. 
All wives piano fortes are, 

The base Ijow old maids thump it, 
Th? bu;;l«horn are archers f.>ir. 

An amazon'3 a trumpet. 
Thus, with ran.' gifts to make us blest 

Lcve skiMs his favot-itc creature. 
And thus sweet woinan s-and* confest 

The harmjny of nature. 


Whv swe^p* my hand the sonn I-n^; Ut? > 
Why should I raise the tuneful strain * 

In Ktlence let the notes n.xpirt. 
Or only warhlc to complain, 

Since IK', to whom the strains belon g, 

No longer liste.isto the song. 

Whv should Ictnl the sacred nine ? 

Why call Apollo to my aid ? 
V/''y wi-eathes of evergr en en^'v'ne T 

AWrt bid the chaplet never fade. 
Since He. for whoin the wre.i'h was wove, 
■Sees not the toke.t of n\y love. 

Then hiisTi, my mnse I <;till, 
N'irshall thv notes responsive more 

Wake echo onthe silver rill. 
Or bid her die along the shore. 

Till he ret«rns, and onre again. 

Shall hid me raise for him the strain. 

I'd catch the m'l-tic of the spheres, 

I'd steal Apollo's magic art. 
To charm his soul, and through his ears. 

To find a passa.^e to his heart ; 
That heart in silken fetters bind, 
And give my sorrows to the winj. 


Yorni J Phyllis, when pressed for a by Sylvander 

When wami'd with ideas of bliss n 
More mindful of interest iVian passion >o tender, 

Rcquir'd thirty sheep for a kiss. 

The shepherd next tiine found the fair one less cot 

To engage in the trade of caresses i 
And line." love with prudence he still might < 

He claim'd for a sheep thirty kisses. 

Thelanguishing nymph now so fond of her swain, 

A^as resolv ed his alteciion to keep. 
And next time, more loving than inindful of rain. 

Would give for a kiss all her sheep. 

She ofi'cred her sheep and her dog for a kiss, 

_ Yout.g Phyllis lers wise than she ought ; 

the shepherd now tir'dof tlie iralCck of blis«. 


Gave the kiss to Lisctta for nought. 

Full oft has disappointment robb'd 

This sadden'u heart of rest : 
Full oft has sorrow aim'd her shaft. 

Too surely at my breast. 

To cheer the pensive hour of gilef, 

_ I ton'd the trembling string i 

Nor sought in vaia the sweet relief. 

Its soothing numbers bring. 

Misery's sad self was lulled to peace. 
Each painful throb supprcss'd; 

Again, tranquility became 
The inmate of my breast. 

And still as sorrow's gloom recurn'd, 

I clias'd that gloom away ; 
Wove the bright web in fancy's Itjoin, 

Which gilds the clouded day. 

Yet, nnsolicitous for fame. 

To blunt affiiction's dart. 
To heal its wouuii was all iny aim, 

And ease the anguish'd heart. 

But though arttjd seclusion jjour'd 

The simple rustic strain 
I may surely without bjasiiiig, now 

Some little merit claim. 

The muses cull the fairest flowers 

Vi^hich nn Parnassus blow : 
And bid the graceful chaplet wave, 

Around thy favorite brow. 

Yet shall notenvy blast my peace ; 

The bays 1 pleased resign : 
An humbler path content to trace, 

And view dje" meed of merit" thine. 



(Taken from a Bizantine Historian.) 

Athens, long after the decline of the Hcman empire 
stnlcontn,u.-athe s,nt ofl.arning, p<.li,enc.s a.,d wi.sdom. 
Thcodonc Ostrogoth repaired the schools which barbaritr 
wassuftenngto fall into decay, and continued those pen- 
sit ns to men of learning, \vliich avaricious Bovcranient 
had inonopcllzej. 

In this city, and about thi s period, Alcanderand Sejiti. 
x-.mi ^"re fellow students (ogethor j the one the most sub. 
lie reaso.ier of all the Lyceum, the other tlie most clo. 
quent speaker in the academic gmve. Mutual admiration 
sno,, became a friendship. Their fortunes were r.early 
equal, and they «ere natives of the two most celebrated 
cities in the world ; (or Alcander was of Athens, Septi- 
mius came fnm Roine. 

In thisstale of harmony they lived for £Ome tiir.e toge- 
ther ; when Alcander, after passing the first part of his 
youth in the nid-ilcnce of philosoi-hy, thought at length of 
entering into the busy wojRi and, as a stej. previous to 
this, placed histvITecticnson Hypathia, a ladv of exqui- 
si-c beauty. The day of their intended nuiitia'ls was fix- 
ed ; the previous ceremonies were [lerfcni-.ed ; and no- 
thing now remained hut her being conducted in triumph 
to the apartment of the intended bridegroom. 

Alcander's exultation in his own happinessi or being 
unable to enjoy any without making his friend geptimius 
a iiartner, prevailed on him to introduce Hvi)athia to his 
fellow -student ; which he did with all the gaiety of a man 
whofotind himself equally happy in friendship ' and love 
But this was an interview fatal to -he future peace o;' 
both ; for Scptimius no sooner saw her, but he was smit- 
ten with an involinitary passion ; and, though he used eve- 
ry effort to suppress desires at once to imprudent and un- 
just, tlie emotions of his mind in a short time became st> 
strong, that they brought on a fever, wliich the physicians 
judged incurable. 

During this illness, .\lcanner watched him with all rVt 
anxiety ol' fondness, and brought his mistress to join in 
those airiialile offices of friendship. 'Bhe sagacity of the 
physicians, by ihese means, soon discovered that thecftsc 
of their patient's disorder was love : and Alcandjr m, 
iKing appri/etl of their discovery, at length extorted a 
conlession from the reluctant dying lover. 

It would bul delay the narrative to describe the conflict 
between love and friendship in tlje breast uf Alcander on 
this occasion ; it is enough to say, that the Athenians 
were at that time arrived at sucii refinement in mo- 
rals, that every virtue was cawied to excess. In short, 
forgetful of his own felicity, he gave t:p his intended bride 
in all her channs, to the young Roman. They were 
married privately by his connivance, and his unlooked for 
change of fortune wrought as unexpected a change in the 
constiiutionofthe now happy Septiniius ; in a few days 
he was perfectly recovered, and set out with his fair part. 
Iter for Roirie. Here, by an axeriion of those tulents 

whicii U' was so cminnitiy po,«se«ed of, Septiniius in » 
few yer.i-sanivedat the highest dignities of the s.ate, and 
was constituted the city judge or praetor 

In tlie meantime Alcander not onlv fdt the psinofb- 
ing teparated from his friend and mlsiiess, but a pros, 

lion was commenced aga 
pathia, for having havelv 
gested for moiie'- ";•;■ 
charge, and even i 
not able to withst 
He was cast, ami 
However, being ti 
appointed, hi, p,, 
wasstrijipcd of tit-. . 
in tiiemarket-pl 



by ll.erelationi 
'P his bride, as was sug- 
of the crime laid to liii 
1 his own defence, were 
'C of a powerful party. 
pay an enonnous fine- 
l.irgc a sum at the lime 
confi.scatcrl, he himself 
■ II. exposed as a slave 
highest bidder 

A merchant of Thrace becoming his purchuter Mctn 
der. with some other companions of disiress, w-as carried 
into ilnit region of desolation and sterility. His stated 
employment was to follow the herds of an iiripcrii-u' Pias- 
ter, and his success in hunting was all that was allowed 
liim to supply his precarious subsiste«ce. Every mum- 
ing awaked him to a renewal of famine or toil, and evcrr 
change of season served but to aggravate his unsliel-. red 
distress. After some years of bondage, h-^iwevr an ,'i 
; porninity of escaping oHered. Heem'jraced it wuii .avde'-', 
s> that travelling by night, aud lodging in cavern.i bv d-.y 
to shorten a long stsry, heat last arrived in Home.' Ti;e 
s.vme day on which Alcander arrived, Septimius sat atl- 
ministering justice in the forum, whither t-ur wanderer 
came, expecting to be instanilv known'ar.d publicly a«. 
krowledgtdhy his former friend. Here he stood th» 
whole day aivongs; the crnv.^d watching the eves of the 
judge and ex;,-.oting to be lakcn notice of ; but he was so 
much altered by a long succession of hardsliins, thvt he 
continued unnoticed among the rest : and, in tlieciening 
when he was going up to thcpraeior's chair, he was bru- 
tally repulsed by the attending lictors. The attention of 
t'-.e i>oor is generally diiren from one ungrateful obj-c e» 
another ; f r light coming on, he now found him-elf un- 
der the necessity of seeking a place to lie in, and yet 
knew not where to apply. All emaciated, and in ra^s, 
as he was, none ot the citizens would harbour so much 
wre-cheilness ; and sleeping in the streets ii.i-ht beat- 
tended with interruption or danger ; in short, "he was o- 
bliged to take uji his lodg;n,-s. in one of the tomb.s with- 
out the city, the usual reTe.ii t,f guilt, poverty and despair. 
-Tn this mansion of htrror, laying his head upon jn in- 
verted uin, he forgot his miseries for a while in sleep; 8e 
found on his fiiniy cinirh, more ease than beds of down 
can supply to the guilty. 

As he. contiritcd here, about roidmight two robbers 
came to make this their reteat ; hut hf.;ioenini; ro disa. 
gree .bout the dlvi: ion of their plunder, olte r f ;'j..-m stabl 
bed the other lo the heart, and left him welerii-.g in his 
blood at the entrance. In these eircumstaiiLes he v?aj- 
ft.nndnext marning dead at the mouth of the vault. Tins 
naturally inducitijr, farther enquirv, tin :.lami was spread; 
the cave was e.- titiiircd, and Alcander being found w»« 
immediately apprehended ami accused of robbery and 
murder. The circumstances against him w«-e strong, and 
the wretchedness of his appearance confirmed snspicion. 
Misfortune and he were now so long acquainted, that he 
b( came at last fegardless of life. He detested a wrrld 
where he had found only ingratitude, falsehood and cru- 
elty ; he v/as determined to make no defence ; and thus, 
lowering with resolu'ion. he^k dragged, bound with 
chords, before the tribinial oi^,tim-us. As the proof* 
were positive against him, and he encred nothing in hi.t 
own vindication, the judge was ])rocecding to doom him . 
to a most cruel and ignominious death, when the atienti. 
nn of the m.ultiiude was soon divitled by another (hject. 
The rehbcr, w h i had been really guilty, was apprehend- 
cd selling his pltioder, and, struck with a panic, had con- 
fested his crime. He was brought btiund to the same 
tribunal, and acquitted every other person of any partnci^ 
Shi]) in his gsilt. Alcander's innocence therefore apiiear- 
ed, but the sullen rashness < fhis conduct remained .a won- 
der to the surrounding intiUi.udc ; but their astonishment 
wcf still farthct increased, when tliev saw (heir judge 
start from his tribunal tt. embrace the supposed criniiiiai : 
Scptimius recollected his friend and former benefac^or.atid 
hung upon his neck with tears of pity and of joy. Need 
the sequel be related ! Alcander was acquitted ; shartd 
the friendship and honours of the principal citizens of 
Rome : lived afterw-e.nls in happiness and ease, andleft 
it to be engraved on his tomb. That no cireumst.antesaie 
so desperate, which I'rovideRce may not relieve. 


lt:\:i he had at ihs Jilliicrva Piinlhig-O 


Jsuo iloors belovi tie Snaa-Tuwu : 


MiATaasi xw» AScenAsv. 



RICHMOND:— F/?/Z)^r, JANUAKY 4. 1805. 

[Nl'MBER 17 

■intecl, * 

" f 

: ! —The tcvrns are iwo dollar!, per annum to I 

lie paid in advance. g 

.".l.— A liantbnmp tiilf-png:e an'J tjlle ofcmiten>s l| 

v.iU lie fur.iislied (gra'iv^ at the completion of the ]f 

\ulun)c. :" 


Oiicgrcnt reason why nun practise joncr 

sit* so iWtle 

l.i tlie world, la tlieir fmdiiis so little there ; gencroiityis 
ca'ching, and if so many J>ien tscajje it, li. is in a great 
drgree fvoni tlie same i-eason that count vmen escape tlie 
•mall-poi, because they meet with no one to give it 
'hem. , 

Kow sc! Jom is generosity jL-rfcct and pure ! How of- 
ten do men give, because it throws a certain inferiority 
•n those who receive, and a superiority on themselves . 

V/e are* generally obliging attd serviceable to others, in 
proportion as tiiey do not want the favour. 

Tiiie senerosity is adu'v- as indispensably necessary as 
'hose rmjposed I'pon us by law. It is a \aU iinposcd up- 
on us byreasen, which shiuld be the sovereign law of a 
raional b.-ing. .But this generosity does not corsiit ino- 
beying every impulse of humanity, in following blind pas- 
sl.m for our guide, ami in hn'.Kiii-ing our circums'aiicc! 
by present fceneluciioiw whiO. ma> rtn.ler nsi.,cAvaUe of j 
future ones, or doing justice wher.: it is due. 
F'.r Georje Erilljanl is a man whose greatness of soul 
ttic whole world admire ; his generosity is such that it 
prevents a demand, aitd saves the receiver th e trouble and 
ctm Fusion ofa r:-quest. His liberality also does not oblige 
more by its greatness thaj|^y his inimltuble grace in g;v- 
ing. .Sometimes he even distributes his bounties to stran- 
gers, and has becnkaown to do good ofEces to those who 
professed themselves his enen.ies. All the world are u- 
nnninious inpruise of nli gen'%rosity : tTiere is only one 
st;rt of people who complain of his cor.duct— — — his are- 
ditors. Sir George does not pay his debts'. He is told 
Wat his baker asks a debt of fifty pounds, and that an ac. 
fj-'aintance in distress solicits the same sum ; he gives it 
v/ithout hesitation to to the latter. 

aLle cpporiunity oflered, he led them through the guards 
of the Roman camp, quite to the generals tent. As they 
were the children fef the best fimilies in the place, their 
treacherous leader, when he came into CamillusV, presence 
a Idressed him t\iui : " With^^hese children I deliver the 
place you besiege into your hards ; they were committed 
to my care and tnition, but I prefer the friendship o' 
Ro^ric to my employment at raJerVi," CamiUus, struck 
with horror »t the treachery, and looking at him with "" 
menacing air, " TVaitor," says he, " you do not address 
ycursilf with ycur impious jirenent either to a general or 
a people that resemble you : we hart indeed n'o ex]iress 
and formal alliance with the Falisci ; but that which na- 
ture hath established between all men, both dies and shall 
iu'.ibisl btt.vccn us. War has its rights aswxll as peace ; 
and we have to make it with no less justice than valour- 
We are in anns, not against an age v'.iich is spared-even 
in cities^taken by assault, but against mtu armed hke our- 
selves ; men who, without any previous injury from us, 
attacked the Roman camp at Veil. Thou, to theatirostoj 
thy power, hast succeeded them by a new and differ:nt 
Jjind of criine : but for me, I shall conquer, as at Veii. 
bv Roman arts, by valour, works, anil perseverance." 

The traitor was not dismissed wiihthis reprimand on. 
ly j Caniillus caused him to be stripped, and to have his 
liands tied behind him; and arming the young scholars 
with rods, he ordered them to drive h^m back into the ci- 
ty, and to scctirgehim all lite way, which they no doub^ 
did with a good will. 

At this sight the Falisci, who hidbeen'iiiconsolalle fcv 
the loss of their children, raised dl-ier ofjoy : they were 
charmei to sitch a degree, with so finccmtnori' an exam- 
ple "f ji!stic«-swMl--V!i-Mse,»o-- i»i»**»^nt Ui*y -enrirvl , 
changed their disjiosition in respect to the Romans, and 
resolved that moment to have a peace w'th such generous 
enemies. Accordingly thev sent d;-pu'ies first to the catrip 
and afterwards to Rome ; where, when they had audience 
of the senate, they advlressed themselves to it in these 
leriTic : " Illustrious fathers, conquered by you and v ur 
gener:ii, in a manner that can give no offence to G. ds or 
men, we are coiije to serrender ourselves to }'ou j and we 
assure ourselves, ihanwhlch nothing can be iMoreglnriouL 
for victors, that we shall live happier under your govern- 
ment than under our own laws. The event of this war 
has brought forth two excellent examples for man! ind 
You, fathers, have preferredjustice to immediate conquest; 
and we, excited by that justice which we *■# admire, 
voluntarly present you the victory." 

The conduct of the war against the Falisci being com- 
riltted to the care of CamiUus the Roman dictatol-, he 
besieged Fiilerii, their capital city, and suiTOunded it with 
lines ;' but at so great a distance from the w-atis, that there 
Teas sufficient room for the besieged to take the air with- 
cuv danger. The FJisci had brcu-ht from Greece th 
ctistom o/ committing all tlieirchilurenio thecareof one 
man, -« ho was to instruct them in all the branches of po, 
I -e literature, to take them out a walking with him and 
E-e thempersorm theexttcise proper for their age. The 
cUildren had used often to walk with their master without 
tl^valls of the city before the sieg? ; and the fears of an 
enemy, who kept quiet and at such a distance, were not 
great eiioujh to inake tliem discontinue their exercise af- 
terwards. But the present schoolmaster proved a traitor. 
He at Erst led ilie youth •nly along the wall ; then he 


There is no one of the fine arts mere cahimonly es- 
teemed, or possesses more general empire, than poetry. 
In music and painting. \T« willingly acknowledge our ig, 
norance, where it exists, and deem it no disgrace to be 
bom with an indifi«rent ear, or to be unable to point out 
the defects and excellencies of a jiiciuie. But of poetry 
every naan presumes to judge, and will give his ojiinion of 
an ode or tragedy, with as much confidence, as the first cri- 
tic of the age. 

But, notwithstanding the general presumption, there 
are, in reality, but few, qunlified to judge accurately of this 
changing art. To estiir.atejusiy the prcduction cf the 
Muse, requires not only a fine natural tasie, but an exten. 

I modern. Without these indispensible qualifications, we 
can form no correct cpinJor, and though we may cavil, 
we cannot criticise. 

From this general ir.tibility to judge acrtirattly, arises 
the*dmiration, uniustl}' conferred ot\ modern poetry, to 
the comparative neglect of those unrivalled, inasters, to 
whom our language is chiefly indebted for its harmony 
and grace. Novelty seems to compei-.sete for excellence, 
and the short-lived poems of the day are perused with avl- 
.I'ly. and ]iraised with f xtrarajarce, while the s'andaul 
bards arc allo<<td to moulder on the shelf. It is my in. 
tention, therefore, in this paper, to restore the great po- 
ets to their proper rank, and assign to the rest, that sta- 
tion, to which their respective talents entitle them. 

To Milton and Shakespeare, all, I presume, are willing 
to yield the first seat in the temple of the Muses ; the for- 
mer distir.f'u'ihrd by his "chlimity and karnirg, ard th 
latter by his universality of genius. 

The claims of Dryden and Pope to the second, wi'l ^* 
hanlly be disputed, thr ugh it rr.ay not be so clear, to which 
■ nf \\:i'~ grea. pcets, the pa^m of superir-riry is due. J")ry. 
den may have more genius, but Pcpe has mere art. 1 h« 
subjects, on which Dryden eNcrcised his talents, were ge. 
nerallv of a tenporaiy na'ure, aid consequently e.\cite lit- 
tle interest in. posteriiy. Pcpe wrote to the bushiessand 
bosoms of men, & v. ill theieftre be read with instruction 
and deiJght, while the EnglLsh hnguage lasts. Dry- 
d n is sinking into neglect, but Pope is rising siiU higher 
in the estimation of scholars, throughout the clvili/cd 
world. The wcrks of Dryden have never, I believe, ap- 
peared, but in their native tongue : lite productions of 
Pope have been transla'ed into every pfli»hed language in 
£uro].e. We respect Dryden fcrwiiat Ic ceuld have 
written ; we arc grateful to Pope, ft-r what he has actu. 
ally performed. 

li has been FashicnalJe of late years, to t!cf .eciate the 
g?nius of Pope, as deficient in originality. Bin nocl',ar;;« 
can be more unfouiidcd. Long before he was of age, he 
wrote an epic poel», entirely the creature of his ow n inta^ 
gina'ion, and many other jierfonnances. Which sufiScicnt- 
ly prove, that he was not v\ anting in fertility. These, 
his mature judgment committed to the fiames, so that he 
is indebted, fur tljis charge of deficiency in or-ginal genius 
to his exquisite taste. ^V'ilat Pcpe loathed and rejected^ 
would probably have been admired and extclitd, by these 
sticklersTororiginatity. . 

I have often thcliglit, that if the grcSt criiics of ami. 
luiiy, who were most distinguished by correct taste, could 
rise from their graves, and, "by some miracle, be enabled 
to cf'mprehend modern languages, they would give a de- 
cided preference to Pope, over all the authors of 
Though Milton, in some particulars, m.ay excel all th* 
ancients, yet, his quaintness and pedantry would exclude 
him from the ftifst rank of classics, in the JiidgnKut oj' 
Horace and ^uimillian. 

Ca ried them a little farther ; and at length when a favor»l| sire acquaintance with tlsjaiu literature, kolU iiucie«t ^lld 

Thomson, Armstrong, Romraerville, Akenside, aud 
Cowper, may be considered among the first poets in the 
second class. Of these, Thomson is the most pleasing, 
and Armstrong the inost correct. Culdsmith, Mason- 
Gray ai.d Collins, may possess equal, thoUi-jh diffei-ent ex. 
cellence. Gray is thought, by some, to have refined too 
much^and Mason it universally acknowledged to yield to 
no writer, ancient or modern, in purity of Ian. 

The e are the aslhcrs, 'l.atoiigUt to and guide the 
lilhc :nte in poetiy, ai.dtcvihcm oui lan'jui.^c is mmm 



For 1804 — 5. 

•!n ;;roa>est ol>lif;.i'ion-,. Manv ni >:lern versifiers mnv 
Inii- riicrit. but it is of an inferior •limp, and entitled 
to litil.! prais?, beyond th%t of iildiutry. ColV|l^^ is the 
last of the English i>.>ei», and since Ivim, I know not an 
inrf-vi.l«J bird, wli» will probihk rtach posterity. Xhe 
piii;lx. ingencral. are fond of novelty, and incompetent 
to iiKl^e. Hance, every new poem is extolled, i:; terms 
• 'f estravafti It encomium, bv the ignorance of its admir- 
•.rs.anl bv the partiality of the anlhors frieiids. rCc all 
r-'itTetn1)'r the admira'ion, which De!a Cnisca and hie fol- 
I'nvers evcitcd. both in England and America ; nor did 
lii-jdclu^io.! ceSse. until the pen of Oifford, liiie the spear 
m'-Ithuriel. rt>-.ol,-ed tlie charm, with its magic tonch, & 
din«red ilie loathhome aefortttities, concealed nnde^ the 
iia7,z!ia.;j coverini; (if hriUian^ phraseology. An intimate 
•,>,:r)ifainiawe with the goitl p icts will enable us to detect 
ih« faults uf 111': ; a^id let it be remembered, thitthis 
is no trifling accomplishment, if it be true, that a good 
n^!e in literature generally lea'is lo a coi-rsct taste in po- 
■fUijs, m-jraU, and religio.i. 

TUZ r.lil'OilTORT.' 


on \V>men is extrac'ed from 
' K ^vrit'.en by a man who 

i*he rill )^v^ng cnom' 
a Boston pap»r j 

Ikis h:id annppi^unity to appreciate the 
Iheredre be nioregraieful tj female rcaJers. 
IV'heihcr the fema'e mind is capable of those eagb 
fli^lhrs into the regions of pli losyijhy and science, which 
a BiCTO «nd a Newton took, U a qiVrstinn Scarcely worth 
the ti-,:u')lc of debating. A thousand ins'anccs have 
alret'ly been adduced by variius writers, to disprove the 
inem.M inferoiity of females, and it is u.ii^r^lly ac 
K:u);.vh-lif«l, thir tlielr minds are capal>le of inlinitelv- 
liigh*r ciblti /at! ji) tUa.i it lt-i« uuta'ly been llieir lot to re. 

I'heail^ec'ioiis of ili'! fe-nale are f.-.r stronger and more 
lively than ih'ise of onr sex. The thousand instances of 
,lli;ir heroir couduc: during ihe Ti-euch revolntinn, have 
skilled litis fatt fcT'.ner. No prr^ fatigue fiiiiij ovcr- 
i uiie them, no pcr'ional danger could for one instant de- 
fr lln-m fiom seeking in the foulest dungeons, the father 
i-y the chilJ.the husband or the loveuMonlhs after mo't.h, 
have Ihcy been to secrete from reviMution.irv veii- 
geunce. some object ofiheir alfcction, when the discove- 
r, o.',heconcc.alnvnt would have b!en inevitable and irn- 
iii-dia'c dei'h Were a friend arrested, their ingenuity 
never relaxed a nioiii?iit in contrivances fot: his escape ; 
vers he naked, they cloathed him ; were he !iu:igr'.-, they 
f.'d him; were Ijj; sick, thejrvisitej him ; and, when all 
eiHr's were uitavailing for his d{:iverance, often did the.- 
i il'uvc into his sinking soul, their own Conr.igc to meet 
death wih fortitude, and even with cheerfulness. 
Tn infancy they nourish us, in old age they cheriih & eon- 
fie us, and, on the bed of sickness, the exquisite delicacy 
*f their attentions, the watchings they will u.idergo with- 
I'lit a inurmur, the fretting tji-vnlousness thev will bear 
wi;h conipla,cen«y. the offensive the nauseous ofiic?s which 
Oiey are at all times ready to pefform, d.'mand frotn us 
oiore than every r -turn of attachment, kindness and gra- 
liiodc which it i.s in our power to oonfer. These (|uali- 
I'.r. are u-it the offspring of civilization ; they arechtrac- 
!'..;.<:ic of the sex, and proudly distinguish it in everr 
r; lancr of the gl;)b:. This is tliat excelling beautv- which 
' iirure gives to woman, in ample recontpence for iufcrlnr 
il.",Hha-ion ; (his is that beauty which indeed turns the 
il.;eofiIle ssvord, and irtakes tlic "spear fall poinlle-.". 
Kveri- tr.ivellerthrnugli inhospitable wiids, and pathless 
t! -sar.s, cr^.iSrms the grateful testimony of Ledvard, to 
'he'com|i:ission, and sympnthy, and tenderness of wo- 
man, antl au-horises us to eslimt^e the degree of civitiza- 
t nn in nny countrv, by the degree of respect and kindutss 
V ulch the fcmah sex receive. 



t were to 'h- wi:,hed that the female part of the human 
creation, to whom nature has poiued out so many charms 
wuh so lavish a hand, would pav some regard' to the 
cnl iva Ing their mmds and improving fheir"{tntljrslanil- 
i'>g ItiseaslW accomplished. rrouH thev bestow a 
• • n-h part of the time thevthrow away on the trifles & 
X'Mv.giws of dress, in reading iiroper books, it would i)er. 
ectly answer their purpose. Not that lam against the 
.^Jl';s aloT^lnlg theirpei-sons i l-t tllcm beset ofl' with 
i 1 the •.rnaments rhat art and nature conspire to iiroduce 
)• r their emiiellishment, but let it be with reason and good 
^enre, not caprice and linmour ; for there is good sense 
m dress as in all thitigs else. Strange to some ! 

Ill a^n sure, Midain, you know ther« is vou nrac- 

I ce It. ■' I 

The first rule to be laid d nvn 'to any one who reads lo 
!•). ■*. ts "ev'-rtoread but with attention. As the al . 
s-ruse parts ot learning are not necessary to the acsom- 
) is..incnt of one ot your sex, a small degree of it will 
b.....e. I wouM throw the snl.jtc's of which the ladies 
ought not to be wnolly ignoKut, under the following 


The first employs the memory, the second the judg 
ment and the third imagination. 

Whenever yea -undertake to read History, make a small 
abstract of the memorable cvtnts, and set down in what 
year they.liappened.If you entertain yourself with the life 
of a famous person, do the same by his niost remarkable 
actions, with the addition of the year and the placj he 
was bom at and died. You will fiud the grcaest helps to 
the memory, as they will lead you to remember v liat you 
do not write down, by a lort of Uiain tlut links the whole 
history together. 

Books on morality deserve an exact reading. There 
are none in our language more useful and enterlaining 
than the Spectators, Tatlcrs and- Guardians. They are 
the standards of the English tongue, k such as should be 
read over and over again ; for as we imperceptibly slide 
into the manners and habits of those [lersons wir"li whom 
we most frequently converse, to reading being as it were, 
a silent conversation, we insensJUy write andtalkjnthe 
■".tile of tKe authors we have the most often i^ad and who 
have left the deepest impressions on ourmind. Ntny. in 
order to retain what you read, on the various stil>;t-cts 
which fall under the head of Morality, I would advise 
ynu to mark with a pencil whatever you find worth rc- 
ivjtiThering. If a jiassage should strike you, mark it 
ilownin the margin : if an expression, draw a line t;nder 
it ; if a Whole paper in th« fore-mentioned books, or anv 
others which arc written in the same loose and uncon- 
nected manner, make an asterisk over the first line. By 
these niei.ns you will select the most valuable, and tliey 
will sink deeper in your memory than the rest, on re- 
peated reading, by being distingEiJhed from tbem. 

The last article is poetry : the way of distinguishing 
good poetry froitl bad, is to turn it out cf verse into prose 
and tee whether the thought is natural, and the word- a- 
dapted toiti or whether they are too big and sotinding, 
or too low or mean for the sense they would convey : 
this nile will prevent you from being Imposet'l on by bom- 
bast and fustian, with which inany passes for sublime; 
for smooth verses which run oii^the tar, with an easy ca- 
dence and harmonious turn, very of;en imposes unnscnsc 
on the world, and ate like your fine dressed beatix, who 
pass for fine men. Divest both from their outward orna- 
me»ts, and people are surprised Ihcy wuuid have been io 
easily deluded. 

1 have now given a few rules, and those such only a* 
are really necessary. I could have added more, but these 
will be sufticient to enable you to read without burdening 
your memory, and yet with another view besides, that of 
barely killing time, is so many are accustonitd to do. 

MOW TO PLk.^SE 1» C0XV3ns.\TT0X. 

[From tU JfamUcy.] 

iToiie of the desires dictated by vanity Is more general 
less blameable, than that of being distinguished for the 
ts of coi,versation. Other acconiplishmunts may be 
jiossessed without opportunity of exerting them, or want- 
ed without danger that the defect can often be remark^ 
ed 1 but as no man can live otherwise than in an heritii- 
ta.^e without hourly pleasure or vexation, from the fond- 
ness or neglect of those about him, the faculty of glvl.ig 
pleasure is of contintial use. Few are more frequently 
envied than those who have the power of forcing at,teiul- 
on wherever they come, whose entrance is considered as 
a promise of felicity, and whose departure is lamented, 
like the recess of the sun from northern climates, as a 
privation of all that enlivens fancy or insjiires gaiety. * 

It is apparent that to excellence in this valuable art, 
some peculiar qualifications are necessary ; for every 
man's experience will inform him, that the pleasure 
which men are able to give in conversation, holds no stat- 
ed proportion to their knowledge or their virtue. Many 
find their way to the tables and the parties of those who 
never consider them as of the least importance inany o- 
ther place; we have all, at one time or other, been con- 
tent to love those whom we could not esteem, and been 
jjersuaded to try the dangerous ex])eriment of admitting 
liim for a companion whom we know to be to« ignjrant 
lor a counsellor, and too treachercus for a friend. 

He that would please must rarely aim at such excel, 
lence as dejiresies his heaters in their own opinion, or de- 
bases them from the hope of contributing reciprocally to 
the entertainment of the company. Merriment extorted 
by sallies of imagination, sprighiliness of remark, or 
quickness of reply, is too often what the Latins call, the 
Sardinian laughter, a distortion of face without gladness 
of heart. 

For this reason, no stile of conirersailon is moire exten- 
sively acceptable than thenarrative. He who has stored 
his memory with slight anecdotes, private incidents, and 
personal peculiarilies, seldom fails to find his audience fa- 
vorable. Almost ev«ry man listenswith eagerness to ex- 
temporary history : for almost every man has some real 
f.r imaginary connection with a celebrated character, 
some desire to advance or oppose a rising name. Vani- 
ty often co-operates with curiositv. He that is a hearer 
in one plac« ^uiUfics him»«lf to b«com« a sp»»kerin ano- 

ther; for he cannot comprehend a series of argument, or 
transport the volatile spirit of wit without evaporation, 
yet he thinks himself able to treastu-e up the various inci- 
dents of a story, and pleases his hopes with the iufornia. 
tion which he shall give to seme inferior society. 

Narratives are for the most part heard without envy, 
because they are not sujipo-sed to imiily any intellectual 
qualities above the common i^!c. To be acquainted with 
facts not yet echoed by ))lcbcian mouths, may happen to 
one man as well as lo aiviUicr, and to relate them when 
they are known, hatjAktoearance so very little difficulty, 
that every one con^|^m^self equal to the task. 




:, my dear S , seem surprising my 

first communication turned on so interesting a topic as the 
practice of the law. Here, as at home, to be eminent in 
this profession, is to be eininent in the nation, and those 
who can best persuade juries, and convince the mind of a 
court, have invariably the most influence at elections, and 
the greatest weight in the council. 

Eminence in the profession of law, being, at this a~e 
of the world, so important an object, it is natural torn- 
quire who arc they, who have attained this proud ho- 

Thethrce great lawyers of this metropolis, are Par- 
sons, De.x'ter, and Otis. Of their comi>arative merit, as 
my fellow travf !!er and myself differ in opinion, we shall 
probably, express difl'erent results. Whatever he may 
have written, I shall give you, with candor, the judgment 
I have formed with freedom, yet, I hope, without rash- 

Theophilus Parsons unites all the bloom of wit with 
the aridity of absract argument. The mighty magician 
of law, he turns every thing to his purpose, by nieitly 
wavinghis wand. Of immense legal information, hit 
memory aRords a fund on whlcli the courts here Con- 
stantly draw, and whence, without diminishing the ori- 
ginal stock, they receive constant supply. He is a ma- 
thematician, ])hilosopher, and divine. Yet, uncouth in 
pronunciation, he has no Claims to the elegant attratti- 
of the orator. He is, in one phrase, the Doctor Johnson 
of the bar. 

Saintiel Dexter ij a man; who must always enjoy fame, 
wlien f;.me can be enj;>yed with honour, and he is proud 
enough to despiteit, when it cannot. As a barristei, he 
is certain'iy beyond all I have met on this side the At- 
lantic. Ainericane, who have h^ard both, consider him 
superior to Erskine ; and would, for the honour of our 
couuiry, Englishmen could dissent. Uidikc, however. 
that jiresent boast of our Wesimintter.hall, the glory of 
Dexter is not confined to the stage of professional action. 
Pov/erfulin the senate, as at the bar, he could overawe 
faction with the same ease tllat he can silence opposition. 
He has proved himself as adcqur.teto the M.lemn chargo 
of legislation, as to the conipaiativtly liuinble tnmisterial 
duties of his professional oifice. Some of the most accu- 
rate and important < acts' of the general government, 
were, 1 ain told, first framed Ujr hlin. The representati- 
on of this commonwealth, were never more respectable, 
than when ht was in Congress. Tli-n Massachusetts 
could rear her head among the states, and dareti ■■ipeiii a. 
loud. Now her' still voice' is icarccly audible 'mid the 
rude uproar. He soon after filled so many of the first exe- 
cutive officct, in the Federal administration, in such ra- 
pid succession, and with such versatility of talent, that 
he seems justly entitled to the title of the American Pitt. 
Yet, with all this agency in the alTaiis of goverunu^ 
with all the time he must have spent in political cccu[K- 
tion, he is considered, by some, second to none as a law- 
yer. It is unnecessary to comparehim with Mr. rarsons. 
They are equally eminent in distinct splteres. Without 
more talent for the bar. if we except his wit, the latter 
gentleman has all the nice discrimination of our late 
countryman, Fearne ; and in the capacity of chavihcr 
cnumvl, would have been, perhapc, su])erior even to him. 
Com]nvheiir.lrn. rather than discrimination, is the cha- 
racteristic that marks the mind of Mr. Dexter ; the fo- 
rum. rather than the closet, is his appropriate element, 
parsons has all the atlroiiuess ol a special pleader, and is 
apt to consume points. Dexter, on the contjary, over- 
looks every thing, but the merits of his case, atid deems a 
ntoment's delay mere form, an unwarrantable sacrifice. 
The one has ihe eye of the hawk, the other of the eagle : 
the one a peculiar poiutness of feature, the other an origi- 
nal boldness. The former an acute disputant, the latter 
an imjiosing orator, parsons has more learning and less 
taste, his rival mire invention and eloquence. pwboiis 
reads more than Dexter; Dexter thinks iitorc thaiWar- 
sons. ^ 

This opinion is nottlic result ofmy own unassisted ob- 
servance. The , my dear S, to whom yon 

introduced me in this place, have influenced me by the o. 
pinion they were frank enough- to communicate ; an opi- 
nion formed on more time and observation than V^ould 
have given this subject, allotting to others tlicir proper 

Vol. i: 




We iir» always rraJv lo jiromote ih« interest of the te- 
,pect»blc kook.cllcrs iii this country, ai.d we a.-e pp.riicu. 
Urly pleased to have fre(|uent opporuinities of rendering a 
service to Mr. James Kiimplircjs of this city, because ho 
is an enteaprisiiig, worthy, and industrious man, wlio re. 
tails neither trash nor poison, but provides wholesome 
food for the mind, a^id whc;h}r his literary guest be 
adult or juvende, his aiwa^ » good dish for 

Popular Tales by Maria Edgworth, anew work, inten- 
ded principally for the instruction of young persons, has 
just been reprinted here by Mr. lluinphreys. The writer 
of this article has perused these stories with much atten- 
tion and interesTi Thev possess uncominoti merit. Thoy 
■re not Umscry Tales, nor Fairy Tales, nor Ts'.les of Tlr- 
ror. They are not licentious, like Marinontel's, nor e.v- 
travagant like those of Midame de Genlis. But in astyle 
ijurcai-.d simple, cjnvev useful truths to the ui.dersjand- 
ingof every render. Hf, w^io even in an hour of the 
most>';'ude, bfgins one of moral and 
eniertainiiig narrati.-es. will scarcely close the, 
until it be finished. fcui:h is the fascinating power of 
Genius, and so secure of the general suffrage is every li- 
terary perlbrniance, which combines, according to 
the precept of the Ancient, the pleasont and the proSt*- 

LOKDO^^ F.ISmoyS-fur Oct.ihn. 

Promenade dicstes. — A. round dre«9 of whi'e muslin, 
H'ith long sleeves. Barcelona handkerchief crossed over 
the bosoin and tied behind. A scarf cloak of v.oi-ki-U 
muslin. A straw, turned up in front, ami ornar.t£nt- 
«d with a blue feather. A dress of cambrick ir.usHn ; 
the sleeves short and drawn up on the lop of the arm to 
form an epaulet. A nUck lace speiiccr-cloak triititned 
all round. A large siiaw hat, tied under the chin, with a 
pink handkerchief. 

I{i-:r Dresses. — A l^trge straw bonnnat, turned tip be- 
fore and behind, and '.iid under the chin with pink rib- 
bands. A close morning bonnet of blue silk. A. siriw 
hat turned up in front. The most fashionable hair bead 
dresses. An'Ohi hat, of straw or chip. A morning 
bonnet of fine straw, turned up in front, and tied under 
thechin with a pink slikiiandkerchief. A cap of white 
muslinrwith a full lace border; the top of the crown 
made open, to adh>ic the hair, and triwiined round with 
lace : a wreath of oak* leaves around the franf. A cap 
oi'^w^ute crape trimnaed u/itlviUac. 

General Oijservations. — The prevailing colours are bUie. 
pink, purple and yellow. Dres^es continue to be made 
vry low over tltc back and bosoin. and very shurt-waist- 
ed. . The rlreves are *encraily trimmed with lace, and 
fastened on the lop of the arm with a broach. Lace is 
giuch used in every part of the dress. 


In the great Dutch war in the reign of Charles the 11. 
she English fleet and that of Hollatid, fought in the cliaii- 
ncl for three days succesMvely, engaging in the day and 
lying to jit night. Liit just as ihey were preparing to re- 
new the action, advice c.ime olf that an armistice was 
concluded upon, and the hostile panics began to e.iercise 
mutual civilities. On board a Dutch man of wsr, which 
lay along side an En,-;li^h first rate, was a sailor so re- 
markably active, as lo run to the mast head and stand 
upright upon the truck, after wh'ch he would cut several 
capers, and conclude by standing upon his head, to the 
a'.:"ni:.hnicnt and terror tii tlie spectators. On coming 
"down fioin this exploit, all his countrymen expressed 
their joy, by husticainir, and therelw signifying their tri- 
umph over the English. One of their bold tars piqued 
for the honor of l.-scotintry, ran up to the top like a cat, 
and essayed with all his might to throw up his heels like 
tlie Dutibinan, and not having the skill, he missed his 
p'»i;.e, and came down rather faster than he went up. 
The rigging, however, l«-okc his f.dl, and he lijhted on 
his feet unhurt. As rrion as he recovered his speech, he 
lan to the side, and c.xulfiii^ly cried out to the Dutch- 
Jiian, " fft-we u — n ^uur e-rs, do that if you cnn.^* 


When the present King of Great Britain was crowned, 
the I.ord Chancellor was in the act of placing the crnwu 
on his head, one of the most cosdy jewels in the chief 
cross, being accidentally loosened, fell to the floor. The 
accident did not escape observation ; and those who see 
•igrs and omens m almost every thing, predicted that 
«ome rich appendage to the crown' would fsll off during 
his Majesty's reign. 

" TZe sa^e Astrotngirt, if they please, may ttll— 
>• Tiejevjelviat jliiiericalbatfcll." 

rcii THE mi:;!:r^'a. 

TOe ti:elLnci>oly history cf a Makiac. 


Mv companion continue.l his narrative after dinner, in 
Ike following words, v X Lave already intcrn.ed you that 
Mr. Ingram had deferred his marriage unld I.e canie 
of age, because he might then lawluUy demand Irom his 
uncle his patrimonial tariune. Pocr youihl lituciiial.c 
think what insuperable difl.culties might oppose hit ui.ic.n 
with Ltuisa;— -liltie did he e.vpect that ureadlul blow, 
hurled against him b» villainy U avarice, uhicn has rob- 
bed him net oily ol hii loriui.e and his Louisa, but oi 
the det^rrst, the most sacied gilt ol nature, a rational uii- 
derstandirg. Gucsa the amazement cf the i.nsuspectnig 
youth, when en applicationo hisjincle, for the suirci.<..c, 
of his property, the cruel and ungrateful guardian replied ; 
" Sir, ^ou have no property ; to iny gcncrcsi-y you have 
" been' i-.idcbicd even ior li-e means ; f your subsistence . 
" my bvolher previous to his dtccitse, bud wilieU tuc his 
"whole estate ; if you have an) e.viectationifioiri me, 
■•you must wait with patience ; and should you conduc. 
■■ yourself prudently, perhaps 1 may remei.ibcr you in my 
"will." Suih we're said to be the words cf xhzuprlsbt 
guardian, to the 5011 of his benefactor and brother ! He 
then produced a forged will, which transferred every 
ceiic tJfhia brotlici's fortune from his Nephew tohimielf. 
The feelings cl the ardent youth at this infamous Irani- 
action may be imagined, but cannot be described ; he 
r.avcd, he threatened ; but in viiin : His nnwonhy guar- was no novice in the perpetration of villain); liis 
unluck) nephew » as not the fii st .orphan whom his in- 
justice,aided by his legal knowledge, had lleeced of his 
patrimony. When poor Ingrain found thai ihere was 
no probability of obtaining any part of his farher's es- 
tate, he conifiirted hilnself with the reflection, that he 
might )et be hapjiy ; a distant relation had left him a 
small ; this,' together with his own hidusiri, he 
hoped mig'.it furnish lo hiniself and his Louisa, the con- 
veniences, though not the liwurjcs of life. " Give me 
"health and my Louisa (cried the generous youth) and 1 
" ask no more of thee fortu.i.; !" M'"ith these imcritlons 
he hastened to Mr Hervey, the parent of his Louisa, and 
begged him not to delay his happiness by protract. i.g the 
union with his daughter. " Sir," — replied the old miser, 
with signs of a»onishment :— Ingram repeated his s.-.lici- 
latioii. " No Sir, No :" a.uweved Kervey ; ** What ! 
Sir : would you have me marry my daughtei and only 
child to a mere beggar i. My daughter's marriage portion 
U£. 5,000, and how can you e.xpect me to inarry her to 
'yoii, who are not worth as nrany shillings t" It is im- 
possible to imagiue ^vllat jia'Sion at this iiioitient, 
preponderated in the breast of this generous youth, I'he 
love which he pn-fessed for Louisa Hervey was not of 
that cast whicli is now very common amottgst the young 
people of this couatry — :'ie ad'-ration of wealth. Tlie 
jaicasms (fold Hervey had woundi'd his jealous pride : 
he could not bear the idea that he shuuld be thjujjhc ca]>a- 
ble of marrying for the sole purpose of replacing himself 
i.i affluent circumstances. VVhen the reinembrancc of his 
binders perfidy arrested his atiteutiou, the tram of ctnt^e- 
quenccs which it had produced followed in quick successi- 
on : at one moir.ent he was irascible, at a?iother melan. 
choly ; fits of raving tvere succeeded by doleful lamenia- 
lions, and when the violence of his pasoions bad e.vluust- 
ed his personal strength, he would sink into a hithavgic 
stupor. Every one concluded that his liealtli was declin- 
ing, and some believed that his intellcc.ual faculties were 
already irreparably injured. 

Such was the condition of Ingram, when the tidings 
of his unprrpitious fate were related 10 the loveh Louisa 
by her relentless father; the distress of any fcliow cr.alure, 
however poor or ignorant, would have cotniriandad the 
sympathising condolence of the gentle Louisa: hoiv great 
then must have been her angiiish, when she learnt the lui- 
seraole condition of her -unViapiiy lover? When she was 
informed of his declining health and unsettled mind, the 
danger of her beloved, was her lirst-& princi]>al concern ; 
every other consideration was buried in oblivion. The 
constant anxiety which she experienced on tliis account, 
made dreadful ravages on her tlelicate constitution ;-.— she 
who was once the lovely, the beautiful and tidmiredMiss 
Hervey, was now transformed to the melancholy h sicklv 
invalid. In vain did her father emjiloy the aid of the 
most celebrated medical men ; in vain did he cany her 
to the most approved watering places ; — neither the aid 
of medicine nor the use of the most salubrious waters, 

could alFord a reincdy for her increasing di.soider. In a 

few months after her return home, she took lierflight to 
the world of spirits, calling on the name of Ingram in 
her last moments ! Such was the end of the accomplish- 
ed and beautiful Lot;isA HEavsy. 

On the day ajipointed for the burial, a large 
of relativcsand friends joined in the procession ; amongst 
them was seen tlte innocent cause of her premature death 
Ingram's appearance attracted the notice & exeited the piti 
of every sjjectator : his countenance was tolerably compos- 
ed ; the steady soUmnity of his behaviour, shewed the 
workings of hit aoul, and dislingaiihcd hint a< the Crtt 

m<niner in th.e awful scene. When the pall bearers wers 
about ro commit tlie deceased to the grave, Ingram step, 
pmg lerward, requested that one favor onlv might be 
granted hint : a solemn silence gave assent :— Taking 
from his arm his nic-urning scarf, he tied it carefully 
round the middleofthect ftin :— he nodded tothepall-' 
bearers— they letdown the corpse :— When the first spade 
cf clay rattled on the coflin, unable any longer to support 
his feelings, hee.xclaimed in an agony, "Furevietl my Loc- 
ISA ! My Icre adieu ."' and turning from the crowd he 
gushed nito tears ! Fei* people on that occasion wereso 
completely steeled against sensibilitv, as 10 repel the glis- 
tening tear >vhich instantly started from every eye! 

After the conclusion of this sad event, the conduct and 
appearance of Ingnin assumed a diHerent complexion. 
He was no longer rational in any res|iect :— He quitted the 
habitations and the society of men, and associated onlr 
wiih the beasts of the field ;— he once had a dog whowas 
his favorite in prosperity and his constant friend in ad- 
versity i but the pooraninial died some time past. —It 
luis b'f n near nine months that the unfortunate vouth liaj 
remained in this elepli'iable siuiation. When he is ou- 
pressed by hunger, he will sometimes call at the neigh, 
boors' houses, who never fail to give him food : and thev 
Irequenily pbce it in his walks, lest his hatred to society 
should induce hiin to starve himielf rai her than crave the 
assisiance of those men, Uy whom he had been so inhu- 
manly treated."^. Such was the history of Inokam, the 

M-.iniac. May i: teach a lessen to the parent and to the 
child: May ihe foniier recollect that the possession of 
riches can never ensure ti.e happiness of their 
children ; and that some rf our passions beingmoix fer- 
vent and less subject to controul in youth than in matur- 
er age. conseqcently utiore excusable.— Tlie uofcrtu. 
ntite girl who has jilaced her aftections contrary to the 
wisli of her j.^ienis, may be w artied bv this melancholy 
talc, not to cherish the idea of a ho[,elerf"nassion. whcrv 
Bl'posed by parehtal authority, or other insuperable diifu 


K R R A T A. 
In the lines it'.Jrcrsed to Miss W. on Newyears'-day, 
In the fi.h line, for IK. a ri, lead Wretch. 

Soth ^ lot No traveller las <:«, ^«„ i„ew;t<> 
return, read, No traveller has ever Kr.own return. 



The fnlln-.v!,,;.a,.,icl„ are extracted from Loadon pa- 
p.-rs, to the 2d November. ^ 

Letters from Holland inenrion, that the leatl!:i.r per- 
sons ill that country were divided into several stronr par- 
ties, each contending for the a-cendaney in the new go- 
vernment, and each .-nde avryting to sn'i pert itself by the 
French interest. It Is said, that the „lan of the new con. 
constitution been ;.!n-uel) se'tjeel' bv the council of 
Slate and that it bears a strt ng tffiuity ''o that which sub- 
sisted before the revolution, whicli terminated in the ex- 
pulsioirof the House cf Orange. 

The King cf Prussia is said to be busily engaged in 
meditating between France and Russia. 

The French and Eatavian troops, on the coast of Flan, 
ders. are said to suiter jr.uch from tlteeflscts of an epi. 
demic disease. 

The King of Sweden, on the loth inst. received a letter 
from the Emperor Alexander. conve)iiig, in teinisof the 
warmest alfachinent, assurances of the most efficient suc- 
cour, in the event of his being attacked by France. 


An extract of a Iclter from a Member of Congress, to 
a gentleman in this city, dated January 6, sajs.Ey letters 
received this day by- the Secretary of theNavy. from 
Commodore Barron, it would appear that this Hre ship 
[which was mentioned in the dispatches of Consul O'. 
llricn] did not exploele by ;icci(lent. as was stated ; bj- 
informatieui since received from tne town of Tripoli, it 
appears, that the fire ship had pitceeeded nearly to her 
position, when she was beset by two of tlie enemy's gal- 
lies, sent to intercept her. that she permitted them to api 
proach, T-r perhaps saw them too late to eflect a retreat ; 
and did, themselves, put the match to, that blew them- 
selves tip : the consequence of which was, the entire de. 
"ttrtiction of the two gallies or gun boats, containing cue 
hundrei men — about one: hundred shells thrown into the 
town, and so niuch damage and alarm occasioneel, that 
the castle might have bten taken and the lowii sacked b/ 
the landing of 300 men— 




1 '.iH MBiMdk&fk ilsiilllil^&ii'iiife, 

^3£I.E?TED POETBr. W" 


Tlm«, always on ihe swifr career, 
Hath Hung behind another year, 

And Wbher'd in the new ; 
What's pass't no nnore — and what's to come 
tics in Ztemlty's dark wnitib, 
'Tis dDiibtful who may view ? 

Back on past time we look — replete 
With pain with pleasure, or regret. 

As we the same liuve spent ; 
Then forward gaze, with longing soul, ' 
V/liile hope aims at some fav'riie goal. 

Where all our thoujht5,are bent ! 

Fondly the man of plcasnse dreams, 
(^Vlio glides down dissipation's streams) 

To reap more pleasing joy ; 
On disa[>pointmcn''s waves I'ntg cast, 
Tir'dwim old courses — iwns at last. 

Thai sensual pleasures cloy. 

The wrc'.ch who doass on treasnr'd ore, 
Bids cv'ry year increase his sture ! 

Th' anibiiioiis man will say : 
This year will mak.*cach wish complete. 
My foes. r.kevKSSalsat my feet, 

Shall b«nd and ow.» my s-.vay. 

Thus we {JivUe, twitt hope and fear, 
Alternatelv, the coniing year, 

C"mpani'>n oiir guide ; 
And eager pry in f.ite*s dark womb. 
To anticipate our future dnom, 

AnJlc.irn what Hteav'n denied. 

Why does this ))assion strongly move f 
'\^'llence of fulur/ty this love ! 

Whence springs the powerful ih:>ught ! 
P''iTie unc\'])ec:ed chance, *ourdrea:ii.s 
Ol tcinp' ral bliss, and Ugh built »chemcs, 
iMay ev'ii turn to nought. 

May ev'ry New Year me sinvey. 
Wiser, and be'lerthan to dsv, 

.\nd stiil toii.ive a friend ;' 
Ti'.lHc.iv'ns manda'e calls me hence. 
Where change no m^re can give oifenoe, 

Nor years can ever end ! 


BEAUTY, the attribute of fFeavcn ! 
In v.irious fornts to mortals given, 
With magic .skill enslaves mankind. 
As sportive fancy swavs the mind 
St:ai;ch the wide world, go where 'you will. 
V antiy pursues you still j », 
Cajtricious nature knows no honnd, 
lU-rimexhaustcd gilts are found 
In every clime, in every face. 
Each has its own peculiar grace. 

To Gallia's frolic .scenes repair 
There reign the tiny debonaire ; ' 
1 he nnucing st.p_th, slender waist, 
fh.l.j.with bright Vermillion graced: 
i he short pert n,.se— the pearly teeth 

W,ch the small di„,bled chin beneath ; 
1 he social converse, g.ay and free 
The smart bon-mot and repartee'. 

Italia boast the melting fair 
The pointed steji—the haughty air 
Th uiipa .sion'd tone, tlie languid eye. 
The song of thrilling harmony : 
I.i:.idious love conceal'd in smiles 
I hat charms, and as it charms, beguiles. 

View Grecian mai'ds, whose finish'd forms 
. i., "f "^ ;■'"£ sculptor's f;incy warms ! 
There let thy ravish'd ere behold 
The softest gems of nature's mould ; 
Each Cham, that Rey.tolds learnt to trace 
irom Sheridan's bewitching face. 

Imperious Turkey's pride is seen 
_I_, beauty's rich liLxurlant mein : 
The dark and spa.kling orbs that glow, 
Benea-h the front of p„|is|,-d suo^v^ 
The auburn curl tha- Z.-phvr blows 
About . the cheek of brightest row : 

With .7.7''' ■•"'"'•"'; "^•'lling breast, 
W,th costly gems profusely dress'd : 
Rechn'd m softly waving bnw'rs 
Ou painted beds of fragrant flow'rs, 

Where <:d"rous cannr.pies dispenie 
Arabia's ipicc.s to the ; 
Wbrre listless indolcrce and ease 
Proclaim the •overeijn wish to plea<e. 

'TistKus capriciens fancy ^howi 
How far hei frolic empil* g*fs ! 
On Asia's sands, or Alpit.c snow. 
We trace her steps where'er we go • 
The British maid with timid grace ; 
The lawny Indian's varBi;.hed face) 
The jelly African ; the fair 
Nulled by Europia's softerair, 
'IVith various charnis delliilit the mind, 
Tor Fancy, governs all mankind. 


Sweet as the rose, that scen's the gale. 
Bright as theMyof the vale, 
Yei,x.iiha summer hail, 
Kaitmg each beauty thou bearest. 

Beauty, like thine, all nature thrills. 
And when the moon her cirile tills, 
Pale she behclds those u under hills. 
Which on thy breast thou v 


ere should those peerless flowrets blow 
ence are the thorns that near them gri 
Old riic, but smile, O lovely foe, 
le on the heart thou tearest. 

Sighing. I view that cypress waist, 
Di oni'd to afflict ine, till embraced ; 
Sighing, I view that eye, too chaste, 
I-ike the new blossom, smiling. 

Spreading tliv tofts, with hinds divine, 
Si.filj then w'avest like a pine. . 
Darting tliy shafts at heart* like mine, 
Scn.sesand soul beguiling. .' - 

See at thy feet no vulgar slafe, 
Franttowith love's enchanting wave. 
Thee, ere he seeks the gloomy grave. 
Thee, his blest idol styling. 


Her dark-brown tresses negligemlv flow 

Her curls lu- uriant to her bending waist ; 
Hi r darker hr. v.n in i).-rfeci order placed. 

Guard her bright eyes that mildly beam below. 

The Roman elegance her nose displays. 

Her cheeks sofi blushing, emnla e'ihe tose. 
Hi r wiichii gsnrile, the nrien' pearls disclose. 

And o'er her lips ;he due of Hybla strays. 

Her lib" ral mind, the gentler virtues own. 

Her chasiencd wit inslrustive lore impart : 
Her lovely breast is soft c mpassicn>s ihri'iie, 

An<i Honor's temple is her glowing heart. 

But I like Pa 
The Canaan 

;rch Moses, praise and hiess, 
ich I neve,, shall possess .' 

On the Dearti of Mr.' REMNANT—- Undertaker. 

Is Remnatit gnne ? Each icarfuleye 

Confirms the mournful tale ; 
He who oft heard the heart-felt sigh. 

Now bids our griefs prevail. 

But cease ye mourning friends to weep. 

Be on his stone engraved — 
Gcd has ordained, cf those who sleep 

A Remnant shall be saved. 



A mutual and unvaried attachment had subsisted be- 
tiveen Henry and Louisa from their inf^mcv. and, 
" growing with their growth," the time had now' arrived 
m which they anticipated the unbounded fruition of their 
juvenile hopes. Louisa already looked upon Henry as the 
pl.ghted husband of her soul, and poured into his 'bosom 
her unrestrained confidence ; while he, with feeling.s e- 
quaily elated, made her the supreme mistress of his 
thought. ! Thus did the rai>-uruus scene glow in their vi- 
vid imaginations, and tantalize expectation, when the 
sordid parents of Louisa, taking her to their closet, thus 
addressed her : 

" Dear Louisa, your happiness aiid future comfort be- 
ing the only hope and object of our lives, we have with 
pleasure beheld, and cherished with parental indulgence, 
the virtuous passion you have long felt for Henry Willi- 
ams. In three days more our period of dutv and autho- 
rity will expire ; and before this we earncitlv wish, h» 
one dictate of prudence, well to conclude the work ever 

ni;;hest our hear s." The astonished LoiiiSa, unable to 
discern the tendency of this atlibiguous exorilium. re. 

liiained pensively silent ; and her fa'hcr continued 

■• You know ihe disparity of young Williains', 
and the thoughtlessness of men of his profession and 
years. Let us then beseech you a^ you regard jour fiiiure 
welfare and' our solemn retjuesi, the last jwrhaps weshall 
ever enjoin, previous to your marriage, to call for an at- 
torney and ccnfiim on your childrejj the fortune left you 
by your uncle : what we are able to bestovr will eqiiai,if 
not exceed the fortune of your husb.i>id" Louisa wasall 
comprehension, and looking wi h an eye of atlcction first 
at her attentive mother, and then her father, she exclainr- 
ed. " Is it possible, father, that he to hmmrand fi. 
delity I am to commit my person and precious happiness 
is deemed unworthy to be trusiedwith a trilling sum of 
paltry gold!" — and turning with a sigh. Seceded to the 
proposition of her parents, as the only means of recon. 
ciling them to participate in their approachi ng bliss An 
attorney was obtained, and her fortune of thousand 
pounds secured toihe offspring of her legal marriage, & 
forever wrested from the touch of her !iusLai'.H. 

Their e\uliing parents beheld the ^appr.tach of th,-lr 
ch lilreii's haiipiness with accumulated transport ! The 
euvap.ured Henry forsook the wcild ,■ and devoted his 
titne to the re'ired society of his amiable Loui'..a : Lo.iisa 
disclosed the un);ener"us deed she had been made to per- 
form. Irs su.^pirious aspect, and concealed process, en. 
raged the pride of his soul ! He flew to his father, rela- 
ted the Insidious act, and wit'n aggravated phrenzy, curs- 
ed the foul and penurious machination ! His father na- 
turally of an independent spirit, heard his son with mor. 
tifiedambiilon, and in flames ofvindic-ive manliiiess, 
hastened to the presence of ih'e [larentB of Louisa. They 
received hint with cordiality ; lu: their demeanor was 
soon changed into coldness and reproach, by his unbri- 
dled vehcirience : and after a clamorous altercation, in 
which Louisa mingled her tears, he left them 
with a solemn denuneiation of the match, and an impre- 
cation on their iniquit us penury. All intercourse between 
the parlies was interdicted ; the hitose, furnifiiie, Jtc. pur- 
chased by Mr Vv'illiams, re-sold, and the intended solem- 
nization annihilated. 

— Here, gentle reader, pause and enquire of your soni, 
it this horrid t ile could 'liuti conclude ? Sav, is it p-,ssil>I« 
to your conception, that ihe divine and unadultera ej 
forv^or of this young jjair, ctiuld, by this intefposition of 
avarace, be resolved into apathy and inilirTercnce ? Coultl 
that celestial pilssi'in. whose weakest votary has survived 
the shocksof faie.beonie e.itiuci by a mere artifice and 
jiarenta; covet-ui e*. ; No, it is inconsistent vtlih na- 
ture, and nature's God. 

Louisa's anguish at this disastrous event, is not to be 
difciil.cdl Ar:er uiteriitgher giief in an agtny of reare 
and lamentation, she drooped into a sc tied melancholy. 
Immured in her chamber, and refusing the comfort of 
the world.- her lonely reflections aggravated the delicate 
influence of her niisfor.une ; she gradually dcclmtd. and 
in a few months, her reler. less jiarents beheld the awful 
a.ivances of their child's diss, Union ; which she vicwel 
with a placid benignity of soul. " Death, like a friend.'*' 
indeed, seemed to succour her aHliction : and by a grailu- 
al and mild operation, terminated the Uit'er jianj^s of her 
heart. Yet even'at the solemn period of her decline, her 
niiiid dwelt on the cons ancy and love of Henry with de- 
lightful extacy : and in departing from her Sftrrowiiig 
friends, forever closed her quivering Irps in pronouncing 
his behved naiyte I Her fate reached the ears of her 
frantic Henry, who. un-il this time, had Ijecn kept igno- 
rant even cf her indisposition I He flew to the house- 
but at first was de.iied this last sad pleasure of bcholdin,-' 
his lifeless Louisa! He was, however, ailmittcd, for a 
few minutes, on cruel ctntditioMs. Leaning on the arm 
of his younger brother as lie crossed the aisle which con- 
ducted to the solenin apartment, his weakened senses 
started at the melainh'tly idea, and for a titiican univer- 
sal agony rendered him unconscious of his own siluati jn. 
He eu'ered the darkened room, and approaching the cof- 
fin, beheld his lately bloor.iing love beautiful even in she 
arms of death ! •• Oh !" he exclaiirie.l ; bu- his surchar- 
ged, troubled Sc anptuished heart gushing from hiseye$, 
obstructed the farther utterance of his grief. He gazed 
on the cold eloquence of her face ; touched with his hand 
her palsied cheek , and vviih a kiss whose ardor seemed 
to breath his sou! to the object, was , dragged from tiie 
tragic ^ectaclc! 

He attended the funeral rites; and since ha: beenron- 
tinually absorbed in silent sorrow ! His srul at times 
seems abstracted from his body, a^id in relapsing from his 
rcvet-ies, he often fervently exclaims. " I have seen my 
Louisa ! She is with her kindred spirits in bliis ; and I 
shall soon be happy !" While he thus paces in pursuit of 
tile same grave which incloses his lit pes of life and feli- 
city, his loving parents, oppressed with age and affliction, 
are hourly progressing towards their end. Sorrow has 
raised her banner in ihe family : while the parents of 
Louisa, in performing the pagcaiilry of mourning, forget 
the cause and object of their grief. 

Thuo doors bdovi the S\).'aii-7aveni .- 



UlCHMOND:—- f-'i?/ D iY. JAXITARY 18, ISOS. 

[NuMnEH !». 



TERMS OF •• -i/i/i jiiii^vi.ii -J- II 

il 1st.—" THE Mikerva" will be neltly printed' I. 
weekly, on a lialf-ilieet Siiijcv-lloyal paper. '.t 

2d. — The tenns are Tv 
be paid in advance. 


• annum to 

;d.-r A handsome title-paffe and tal-l- of contents 1 
will h: furnished (gratis) at the completion of the \% 


Nothing is more disgusting than pedantry, though the 
term, we think, is generally understood in too limited 
a sense. By pedantry, v.e commonly mean the ostenia- 
tions and unseasonable dlsjilay of learning. And|its sens^i 
may with propriety ne extended, and the pedant may 
Ii",ssibly be defined, one who talks on s.ibjec;-;. in which, 
to a large part of the company, are neither interesting nor 

Ifthis definition be allowed, we shall find few of our 
acipiaintance free from pedantry ; as there are scarce any 
so considerate and well-bred, as to avoid subjects, in 
which many of the company can take nn share. The 
Lawyer will often talk of courts and actions, the mer- 
chant cf ships and foreign markets, .he physician, ofdis' 
ea'ucs and of paiieuis, aud the clergyn.ani of. clerical 
sys.c :ni, and of the encreasing iiifidilit ■ of the age. E- 
vcn the belle, who has auinirersin every spectator.will oc- 
casionally describe the laiest fashions, in the technical 
lan^ua-T^ of the milincr aid mnn")am3'<f. 

Now subjects of this nat\: re, when introduced, as lliey 
fi-equenily are, into mi.\ed companies, arc not less pedan, 
tic, and certainly more frivolous than Latin and Greek 
<l"otA)onb : for what amusement or edification can ma y 
cf tl^lfcompany receive from the discussion of pleas and 
dcihurcrs, the price of fish and molasses, the nature of 
mercury and phlebotomy, the danger of heresy and athe- 
i-rti, or the sujieriority of sliort waists and square 
ti^es ! 

Dick Dashallwill sometimes engross the nttention of a 
large company, for a full hour, in describing the various 
excellencies of liis favorite horse. Nonpareil. He will run 
with wonderful facility, through his whole genealoy, de- 
scant on the peculiar virtues of his sire and dam, and 
trace back their progenitors to the sixteenth century. No 
horse is comparable to Dic4;"s either for speed or bottom, 
for when saddledhe will prove victorious in every race, 
and in a gig will out-trot every competitor. • Dick is a 
great adept in the.lerfncd science of farriery, and will dis- 
c;.u.'se occasionally on the various diseases of horses, and 
of the accidents, to which mares are subject, when in a 
state of pregnancy, to the great edification of the ladies. 
Some think, that Dick dr^ws a long bow, a circumstance 
by no means uncommon among great talkers and little 
thinkers; but Dick s*ears to the truth of his assertion*, 
and stops th« mouth of incredulity, by o0'ering to bet 
Nonpareil against a hundred dollars. 

Tom Apish is a pedant of another kind, who havmg 
passed some time in France, alFects to have forgotten his 
natire language, and is perpetually interlarding his con- 
versation with French phrases. Tom aflects m displse 
every thing in his own country, tho' I am well assured 
thai, when abroad, he saw no better conipuiy ;han what 
he niet with ai a Rcstorator. A gentleman of unim- 

peacliablc veracity related to me the foilowin- story of 
ibis egregious co.xcontb, wliich, from less authority, 1 
siiou'd scarcely have lielieved. • What do you call those,* 
cries 'l*om, pointing to some custards on the table ? ' Why 
• >urely,' replies the gentleman of the house, ' you cannot 
' be ignorant of custards, of which you were forinerJy so 
'fond.* ■ O, I now recollect them,' rejoins Tom, *" we 
call them in France couTAnnSj' a word, I believe, which 

does not exist in the French langtiigc. 

:-~--. ■ . . _ .- _ - -*■ 

Tliis contemptible affectation of aping foreign manners 

is deserving of tne most poignant ridicule, and French 
manners arc, of all others, the least becoming in the na- 
tive of another country. The French have IntU in ccm. 
mon with other na.ions, and v/he:her the tyger plays hi 
tragedy, or the monkey his farce, the parf is. peculiarly a- 
d"i)ted to Frenchmen. Every imitation must beaukward 
in a torei^ner, and of all foreigners, in-Ariiericaus, th^ 
most. We liave neither the wit, nor the vivacity jpf thai 
nation, and though we may far excel them in i!io«aI hi- 
bits and substantial virtues, our imiiatiou o;' their triiiiiij^ 
grac.;s is unbecoming aud riiiiculTds. 

Of all pcdan;ry, literary pediatry is, perhaps, the mox 
i)ardonable, since it jgenerally prodecds from a love O: 
learning, whicii, in' 58* civili/.ed coj.uriis, has ever bcei: 
encouraged auii respected. But a ciiiic would be ridicu- 
lously pedantic, who should c&isjre a writer fi'-r usiiij- 
exjiressions employed by standard authors, ttftugli no" 
strictly comfoiyn;:ble to grammatical propneiy,, K gen- 
t.eman will use the .phraseology of tljg best com- 
pany, and v.'iil say, ' after we had s.-<t doivn,'e«ot alter we 
had «ffeji down, thoush the latter may be more grii-.niuu- 

I .'.hall cKise this paper wilh a piec; u[ ps:!.:::'.ry, on cci- 
t-jin adverbial particles, which may serve to mtrk dij-. 
tinctions, whicii are not generally attended to. I am go. 
\\\gti>it&er, wjcrel sliall stay some weeks, and remain 
f/jw-e till such a day. Afterwards I shall depart toend^' 
when my friends shall have come ijitier and reniai^ied 
with me here for some weeks, wiire I hope. to afford him 
some agreeable entertainment, and ^ie;ire he will dejjait 
at the appointed time. He intends going to Bostor., 
ip^/ridT 1 shall follow him, and depart tliencc \i\ his com- 

If it is disgraceful in a writer to be ignorant of these 
distinctions, it is, perhaps, at>suidly pedantic too solici- 
tously to mark them, unless in serious and dignified com- 
position. A. 


Pr'iHcejs rfOriin^c, — Daughter o/'GEoaCE Me II. 

HER heart was firm and mag^ianimous, her princi- 
ciples were sure and invariable, her opinions constant, 
founded upon the laws of God, and probity and justice : 
aud nothing could alter or change them. She gained the 
mastery over her passions, over all.lheir illusions and ir- 
regular desires. Her heart abhorred vice, aud detested 
falshood and cunning. Neither fear, nor death itself, ever 
found her weak or pniillanimous. At the instant 
hicli she list her dear and illustrious consort, when 
the veil fell, and exposed to her sight a fearful »pect.iclc, 
byss of grief and pain, she laid iter hand on her heart 
stifieu its munburs, and imposed silence upon her sonjw 

•• I have, said she, a state to preserve ; young i„nocent« 
to educate : I have made a solemn promise, to him whom 
death has just now deprived me of, not to abandou 
myself to a fruitless grief; let us e.xert eursetves 
and shew the jiower cf religion and resignation." 
Her heart obeyed, and dilty turned its back on grief and 
despair. No vexa-ious accident, no disappointment could 
ir.ake any impression upon her, from the minute she was 
as5urr.d she had done every thing that it was htr duty to 
00. For a long time past her body, too w eak lor so strong 
.1 mind, began to bend under its efi-flrts : but she never 
permifed the least coil.plaint toesci^ Iver, and carefully 
Concealed what could not have failed iroubli, gand alarm- 
■ng hc-r chicicn t^r.d atter.'tlanis: t;i e had such a com- 
n.and ovet. herself, a« to preserve to the last moment hef 
usual ease and checrfillness, and ii;<iuired of tho-c ^^ho 
attended her, if tl.^.W .Lserve urn O ...f;e cf „„ , <r 
i.nd if herpatieJ^^^as lessened. It is in that mo" 
itient, «, I'*" ''^=!^^«"''« "self witlj its mournful relinne 
when the woria-disai.);earing from before our eyes. 
.. hen ctci iiit|»ci^eivng to us, ilaf w c ii.ay judge of the 
.:.ects jrc^^d in eur J.eart, cf the cart v e have taken 
•<- iViin ^^ to guairi against ihe fears cl tieaih, ai.d to 
,;i'nsid* il as a r.aiiU'al term, « here all cnr lab/ ms, and 
^Ucurcares aretocnd. ready to accjuit her iiiuriai b.;dy, 
lid tojeave that other half of hetFeif, her childieu, so 
tenderly beloved, seeing herself sum ui (led by her lar.h- 
f'ul friends, of whcsesii.cerejittactitent she was wdjas- 
sured, giving thcmselves^to the horrors of deyrair, slit 
bus addrescEtl ibtirw.-ha firm and steady vcice'^ 
• Ycu weep, but do not weep i Where is that profound 
resignation which \ ou owe to the n.asicr cf the 

wi/W.! :— ■ Wheri: is that hi;i.iili;y and. »i.;.m!S- 

iion,;.^t)fcu thcLld hnvcltatrt by icaoii.g ai d ii.c- 
..itatil% on the word of God >. 1 l.ese tears ai.d si^hs, are 
he fiuits ol all-y ou have learned .' Observe me, and do 
..s-1 have dt;ue. 1 hSvc, as ii.uch as I » as aCle, I.epi my 
heart clean, and my lips lindeLled. 1 tuUillea my task' 
with chcerlulr.tss and retigi.aiion i and thticiere, death 
does not api-ear to me heii.blc, ncr citaulul. 1 do not 
fear its appicach ; I leel the ciii.fe'rtabie liipc of ^on.- to 
£),l>eriti<.ce, in the bosom of my Creator, the rcaiiiy cf 
titose good things v\hich he has assuredly jircnnstd to 
ll.cse whul ovc hii.iwith sii;ccii;y." 

.She put every thirg in order, and forgot nothing : ai.d 
while shrieks and cries were only to be ln.-a,d, site. saw tne 
approach cf death, i ai.d cbsetved him v. ith ai.rm atien. 
tion, received him as a friend, and falling askei in hii 
embraces, tcnimitied to Iier Creator her spotless and i.n- 
shaken soul ; a soul worthy of p,,ssessing the celesiial 
mansions of the elect ; the Jusi rrtciripense of her faiih 
her relgion and her hopes. Were I permitted to dcscci j 
topariiclars, what an e.xample iiiithi Meave to posterity 1- 
Perhaps there never lived sogjcata soul, and perhaps 
none ever carried the practice of virtue to a higher de- 
gree. The jiowers of hcriiiind, aud those of the he.i.-t 
were kept in continual exercise. She little esteemed what 
are called negaiivevirtiies; such as good desires, havii-r 
only a virtual existence, without ever beingproduccd into 
action, cr productive of any teal good. She approved of 
active, not- mere contemjilative goodness; and- thoi'/^ht 
that every opportunity of doing good should be sought for 
andtha' it should be unchangeable in i's]iiinct|iles ; iha, 
we should study, to render the soul invulnerable, and to be 
useful in the world, and such as it would seek af;er;tliat 
little objects ihould never aficct the heart, & that nothing 
heuld be done through vantty or'd that con- 



For 1804 — 5. 

IJi^rmJ this wnilJ IS a iilncc cf probation, and a passage 
. J anotTier life, we »hoiiIJnever fix ourselves too firmly on 
i', as a place of residence. To concluilc, slic was the glo- 
r> of the state and church, the dL-light of society, 
the or .lament of her a^e, the honour of her sex, the hap- 
jiiiiess of her family, and will be the perpetual subject of 
oiii" prahc and our rt^ret. 


[Fram Euuys to Young'] 

By Mas. cmrriTHs. 

' • TtdUviride'l Iflvctnystfrtnua ItnVr true tource 
■ nf huvian rf a/'rir/;, tilt /vi./rii-^- 
•7,1 P:,rnJ'ie afiill tilings cmmon'eUc .' 

• fl;' tbei; trJ'fitfrntts fuat <ivas Jrivenfrmn vwu 

* Anuia^ the bestial herds tn ; by thee 
' Fuumlel in reason, loyal, just, ami pure 

• Kehuhns tleur, and ail tie ebarities 

* Of ftitb^, soil anil brother, Jirst \ure iiiot'sn.* 


Ks llic nnioii of hearts is universally all owed to be 
ll.e hohd of miiriaijc, so the enuring; in:o such connexi- 
on withMit po' tiV essence or first principle on 
w 1 ich it slKiuU be fiund-tl, iiiu'.t render the ceremony of 
11 int cBcit and can in reason and C(|iiit/ only be consi- 
<l.-icti n a s'a;e ;if Icgul ptostiMi.toa. To spealc ot'conji:. 
.; d felicitv to the wretched victims of parental anthori- 
I'v.oi' avaV'.cc, or poverty, would be absuid of cruel, as 
ih.iv must either uaimapablc rf forming an idea of it or 
ilisniei forever to lament its loss. 

I. th.-v.'fi>rf> in thv: section, pahicnlaily address myself 
to the h:!p;iv fciv whom love i-.nites in Hymen's 
hvid.!, and p'.-oleis to ^eacil the art of ma'iiiig their hap- 
)>inct» as permaieut as the iustabiliiy of.meremjrtal na- 
tures will aiiViit of. , 

Love is a ter.i s-i very vagus md InliErriiiiinafe, as it 
•■ generally applied, that it would hi ifxtrcintly tii.Tici'lt to 
investiga'e iis nacurofrnin its elVec.s, in any o. her case 
Ivit tl;at or marriage t as the modes, pei'naps, of feeling 
..r .It leas: of ex)iressin>c it, vary, a^coriling to tite temper, '.ir,. or-sifiaiion ol each JtidlviJiiul who >-itlicr feels 
or irignsthe passion. 

But conjugal alTect'ion is by no means siibjett to eqni- 
x'ocai appearances; it is tenderness heighten^ bypassl- 
on, and s'ren^thened bv es'eem. It is uniui.\od with 
nnv :,eli;siior sJnsuil idloy, teildinc solely to promote the 
happi;.<;8s of it's object here 

Such an elevated slate of hajipin'jKs as must result from 
the aftection I have described, when mutual, must su rely 
he tlic acme of human felicity^ But as the point of per- 
fection it that of declension also, it will require; much 
jKiins, but they are pleasing ones, to make the e\erturnjng 
wheel of iohluMary bliss keep steady to the sutrtmit it has 
reached or at I. 'ast to prevent its rolling down the rug- 
ged ]ir-ei[)tce where jealousy, disgust, and grlt-f have 
iiiarkeJ the horrid road. 

Thri disr-pjiointinents of human life innst ever be pro- 
pnnionrd i.i ihe exiravagance o]'o,n- exneciiiions : Too 
rreiit an ardfrto be.^cs'ed is frequently the source of 
iiiispr-;. A. liic of transport is not the lot of ttiortals ; 
v.'liile w_ uccfpt '.-e should caio.ise our joys, •' lest while 
vc clasp vvc Ki'l ihcm." 

'i lirt cniic.)rd of souls which con-.tliutes the happhiess 
fifmarrlsige. liUe a fnil concerr, rijqnires all the p.irts ohli- 
/(•J'O fill their s'^ sta.'ioiis in perfect time and jilace, 
lor thotiRh the heart may lead the band, ahd set out in 
lurf.ct hann(.ny,o.ic jarring no'.e tlestrcvs the rapturous 
s vain, and turns the « liole to di.scord. For this reason, I 
c.insi.U-ra pmity ol understanding and tem|)er to be n'e- 
r.-ssary lowards fi iming an hippy marriage as an equa- 
1 t/ of years, rani\, and fortune. 

But grant these circum.stances all conjoin and make 
the u.iion perfect, fair friends, satiety suc- 
eeeds.t.. rapt ure, as sure as night to d.-.y. E- it vour ino- 
vince, then, to keep your husband's heart from' sinking 
into the ine.irablc ,'.i:.tisc of tasteless apathy. Do not re- 
ly too much on ymirpersonal charms, however great to 
jircservc the conquest they i.tay have gained. 

By a jnopcr aiteni'on to >cur hu-,band, you will easily dis- 
cover the bent of his genius and inclinations. To 
that turn all you r thoughts, and let your words and acti- 
oils s h ly tend to that great point. Tiie kindness of your 
attention willawaKcn his, and gratitude will strengthen 
Ills affection, imperceptibly, even to himself. 

Our first paren: jus:in»>5 his fondness for Eve, to Ra. 
I'hael, upon this princijile. 

" Neitlier hcrou'.side forired so fiir. 5;c. 
S I iiuch deligh.ts me, as those graceful acts. 
Those -housand decencies, that da-ly flow 
From all her words and actions mixed with love, 
Andswee compliance, which declare unfeigned 
Uni >n Of mind, or in us both one soul ; 
H. 1 .nony, ,„ iK-huld •„, wedded par, 
I.loic grateful than harmcnious sound to the ear." 

In an age like this, when we may suppose that every 
young lady deservesthe epithet with which Adam addres- 
ses his wife, flCC(?»ti^/«.i'cJ.Ere, itmust be lessdiXcult than 
it might have been for their female ancesters, to secure 
the love of a husband alread y prepossessed in their favor. 
Let thetn but exert the same talents, with the same de- 
sire of jjleasing, which they shewed before marriage, and 
I venture to pronounce that they willswcceed. 

A love of pov.'er and authority is natural to men ; and 
whereverthis inclination is most i.tdulged, will be the si- 
tuation of their choice. Every man ought to be the 
principal object of attention in his family i of course he 
should feel iiim'elf hapjiier at home than tn any other 
place. It is, doubtless, the great business of woman's 
life to render his home pleasing to her husband; he will 
then delight in her society, anil not seek abroad for alien 
entertainments. A husband may, possibly in his daily ex- 
cursions see many women wliom he thinks handsomer 
than his wife ■, but it is generally her fault if he ineets 
with one whom he thinks more amiable. A desire of 
pleastngvcry rarely fails of 'ts ciTect ; but in a wife, that 
oes'.ii' mutt be managed Sciih the nicest delicacy t it 
should ajipeai- i-ather in the result, thiin in the design ,- — 
•' not obvious, not intrusive." These fietit soins are the 
best sujiplement to our great duties, and render the com- 
merce ot'life delightful. Like an cle^^ant desert, thev 
complete the feast, and leave not a wish, unsatis- 

We have hitherto looked on the pleasing side nf the 
tapestry, and see.i marritige in its most favourable 

Let us 1 
its defects. 

turn the canv 

and take a view of 

Let us sujipose then, what I think the worst of all si- 
tuations, att amiable young woman possessing the tender- 
est a.Tsction for Iter husband, while he. from the natural 
dcjiravity and inconstancy of his na'ure, has withdrawn 
his live from her, and perhaps bestowed «t on some un- 
worthy object, to whom he devotes his time and for', 

In such a state of wretchedness ^*iit line shall our ne- 
glected wife ^jursue ? Thf first step that I would recom- 
mend to her, IS, that of entering into a serious, strict, and 
impartial review of h-rown conduct, even to the miiuttia: 
of Iter dress, ami the expressions of her looks from the 
first of iier tuquaintance of her husband. If, after such 
examination, she cannot di;covcr any fault in her man- 
ners that might liave given oflence or created disgust, let 
her steadily pursue the sattie behaviour she hitherto prac 
tiscd 1 for if that be totally free from, it is impossi- 
ble t'.tat any alteration can give an a<!-.Iiiional cflicacv to it. 
For !o^, orto tctulla'.e, neither her duty, nor her re- 
liijion will peniii*. • 

" To carry smiles upon the face, when discontent .tits 
brooding at the heart," is I confess, one of the most tliiji. 
cult tasks that can possibly be imposed on an ingeniotis 
and feeling soul. But a thorough conviction that it is 
in her]irovincc to endeavour to rectdl the wanderer back, 
for his own happiness as well as her's and a certainty 
that there are no other means of accomplishing so desiw- 
blc an end. will er.-ble her to pursue this arduous untlar- 
taking, till either ner Iteart shall rejoice in its success, or 
from reiterated disappointments become indifferent to 
the worthless object of its former esteem ilnd coiinec- 

Grantingthe last to be 'he care, she has a right to ex- 
pect that the good opinion of the wcild will attend 
Iter conduct : but an higher and more certain j-eward a- 
waits it— self.approbation, arising from a conEciousncssof 
lutvingftdrdled her duty, and an assurance of havinf es- 
sayed the only method that was likely to insure succlss : 
fir never yet was love iccallerl by laincntations or upbrttidl 
ings. The first may sometimes, perhaps, create pitv, but 
oftener bege-s contempt ; and the latter never did,' ' nor 
can produce any passion but instant rage, or cold, deter- 
mined hate. 

Recollection may furnish to my fair reailcrs many in- 
stances where patient suIJerings have been rewarded with 
returning love ; but I think there is scarcely one to he met 
with, where female violence has ever conquered male 
courage i or where dissipation and coquetry, though th'e\- 
may have alarmed the pride, ever reclaimed the alienated 
aiTcctlonsof a husband. 

True love, like true vli'tue, shrinks not ori the first at- 
tack ; it will bearmany shocks before it will he entirelv 
vanquished. As it contends not for victcrv,-but for the 
prize, it will not display itself in the vain arts of elocuti- 
on ; it will leave nothing undone that will prove its sin- 
ceritv, but it will notbo.ast, even to its object, of what it 
has done ; much less will it vaunt its merits to any other 
confidant, or to complain to the world of the unkind re- 
turn it has itiet with. 

disturb the ha]' 

such a variety <jf circtttnsttinces which may 


possible to specify them all : but as a virtuous woman 
will consider the of her husband's aiTection as the 
greatest calamity that can befal her, her dutv and pru- 
dence will, before the evil hap|,ens, upon every occasion 
bupplyrulcs of conduct to herself j and the reliance she 
will necessarily have upon the tenderness of his atttirh- 
ment to her, joined to the sincirity of hcr's to him wijr 

has tied "^ 

hall guide, C 
I way divide. J 

su]>port her through every ditficulty which accident mis- 
for.uuc, or even iniprunencc may have brought upon them. 
She will say with Prior's Eramaj 

Thy rise of fortune did I only wed. 

From its decline determined to recede >. 

Did I but propose to embark with thee ; 

On the smooth surface of a summer's sea. 

While gentle zei>liyrs play in prosperous gales. 

And fortune's favour fills the swelling sails. 

But would forsake the bark and make the shore. 

When the winds whistle and the ten 

No, Henry, no! one sacred oath has "tied 

Our loves, one destiny our lives : 

Nur wild, nor deep, our common ' 

This is the natural language of conjugal afl'ection, thi« 
is the fulfilling of the marriage vow, w here self is lost in 
a still dearer obfect, whete tendcrnes is heightened by dis- 
tress, and aitachivient cemented even by the tears of sor- 
rov.-. Such an uuion of s'.uls mav />r.,ve the J: )z:er of 
Titijc I and I trust, that death itself %%ill not be able to 
destroy it. 


There is nothing by which the happihess of individual* 
and of society is so much promoted as by constant eJforLS 
to please ; and these cfitrts are in a great measure only 
prcduced by the company of women : for mm, by them- 
selves, rel.i.': almost in every particular of good-breedirg 
and coitiplaisance, and ajipear the creatures of mere na- 
ture ; but no sooner does a w ajipear, than the scene 
is changed, and they become emuhais to sh.ew till theiif 
good qualifications. It is by the arts of pleasing only that 
woman can attain to any degree of consequence or of 
power ; and it is by pleasing only, that they canhope to 
become objects of love and ailection } attainments which 
as they are of all others the ii.iost dear to them, prompt 
them to cultivate most assiduously, the art of pleasing ; 
arts for which they are well qualified by nature. In their 
forms lovely, in their manners soft and engaging, sucli 
are they by art and by nature, that they infuse L-y their 
smiles, by their air ;*iid addT.ess, a thousand nameless 
sweets into society, which without them would be insipid 
and barren of sentiment and of feeling. But t», enjoy a- 
ny jtleasure in perfection, we inust never be satiated 
with it : and therefore, it requires more than common 
prudence in a, io be murli in company, ar'd still 
retain that deferenceand respect which we would volun- 
tarily pay to her, were we SLtdomer iidtilsed with her pre- 
sence. A few c-niories ago, wc'inen were rat ely access:. 
ble, but shut up in houses and castles, lived retir'ed fiom 
the bustle of iltc world. When they deigned to shew 
themselves, they were ajiproached as divinities : a transt. 
ent view of them often set the heart on fire ; and their 
smiles conferred a hai;piness which raised an enthusias- 
tic ardour', of which, at this period, we can hardly foritt 
an idea. By degrees, as manners became more free, antl 
the sexes mi.Ked together with less ceremony, women be. 
gan tone seen with less ivejiidation, aiiproached with less 
reverence, ar.d sunk in their value as tli£) bi came objects 
of greater familiarity. Nor was tHis pecul'.ar to the times 
we are delineating ; the same effect always has, and aU 
ways will hajjj.en from the same cau'e j let the other 
sex therefore, learn this ins'ructive lesson from it, that 
half the esteem and veneration we shew them, is owing 
to their modesty and reserve, and that a contrary con . 
duct may iriake the most enchanting goddess degenerate 
in our e\es to a mere woman, v. ithall the frailties of 
mortality about her. 


The absurd indulgence.with whith partnts anfiripat* 
every wish of their chiMren. often pave^ the way for their 
destruci ion, and entirely unfits them for rettiriiing that af- 
fectionate care which is due to the authors of . th-:ir be- 
ing. How many instances do we see of the ill cil'ects of 
such niisplaced kindness. By suijjilying chil.lreu wi.h 
all the siiierfiuitiesof life, we at once weaken the s]>riu.;» 
of exertion, and induce a habit (if indolence fatal to lit- 
ture improvement ; for, why should the^exerl thenf, l.\« 
to procure that which is ready at their call ? "Virtuous 
habits and htlbits of indusry are nearly the saitte ; antl 
since these only are productive of happiness, it is of the 
utmost importance to teach the youthful mind, that en. 
joyment and self-satisfaction mtist be purchased bv la., 
hour. Happy is the n. an, who in early life, h;is he;n 
taught by experience the blessed effects of honest indus- 
try, and the inestimable value of timtt. M ••iply timeby 
industry, and what is ihe rcjilt ? I'lace tf mind i the 
innocent enjoyment of life, and every thing tii»t can ex- 
alt human nature. « - 

By industry. I must not be uiider-tcond to tnean the 
incessant drudging luirsiiit after sr.di* gain : I have, 
hkewisB reference to mental industry ; the improvement 
ol that iiliclleiitual partof our existence which elevates i-nr 
view above this nonow scene of things, and teaches us i« 
soar to Heaven. 





The ttifferetK-.e of opinion between sons and fiihers in 
lilt niairinioniul clioice, siys Dr. Aiklii; .may l>e staled 
in a single position — tint the former have in their minds 
tlie first month of mirriase, the latter iVc whole of iw 

Pesonal charmi oujht clovil)'le5» to have %«me share in 
fixing the choice ; it is desirable, tbut the object on 
>«'hich tlie eyes are most f.-equcutlr to dwell for a whole 
life, shodld be an agree;.i)Ie one. More tiian this is of 
too fajiciful and fiigitiTea tUsan to come into ihe compu- 
laiioti of permaneni enjoyment. 

The two main points on which the happiness to be ex- 
pected froiti a female assooiaie in lifp, must depend, are 
tier r[nalii:ca:ions as a contjianioh, and as a helper. 

As a companion, good iiense, culsivEted manners, and 
• specially a temper inclined to jilease and be ])leased, aic 
the principal requisites. A :.iiiiiltirity of tastes, desires 
and rpiuijns would also contri'oa.c '.v' mtl'.ual )iaj)j>in'jbS ; 
but a con^ideiable diversity iti iuch points is not abso. 
liitely incompatibi'i with domostic comfort. 

As a helper, slifc should possess a kitowleilge of the 
artsof housewifery, ar.d a. i inclination to ])racticc them, 
a certain degree of vigor boih of body and mind, which 
is less freqnenil/ met with amon^j the females of the 
present age than might be wislied, is aUo desirable. One 
who views society closely in its interior as well as exteri- 
or, will know that occasions of alarm, suifering and dis- 
gust come much more freque'itly in the way of women 
than of men. To them Ix-dimg ail the oll'.oes about the 
weak, the sick and the d> ing. When the house becomes 
a scene of wretchedness from any cause, the man often 
Tuus abroad, the woman must slay at home and meet the 
worst. Virtue, wihdcm, presence of mind, jjati^rcc, vi- 
gour, cap?city, application, are not se.viul qualities; they 
belong to all who have duiies to pcrfortn and evib to ci;- 
duie. Let then our youn; females aim at e