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dewi:t .« co, 



Number X 

Dry Crushing and Roasting Mill. 

We illustrate on this page the general plan of 
a dry crushing and roasting mill as arranged by 
the Pacific Iron Works of this city. The ore is 
brought to the upper story and dropped on to 
the grizzlies which are shown above. The tine 
ore passes on down, while the coarse ore is 
broken in the rock-breaker and then passes by 
ohuto down to the revolving drier. 

What appears to be the furnace on the upper 
floor of the building is the Pacifio revolving ' 
drier. This is to dry the ore before it goes into \ 
the batteries, 
and takes the 
plaoe of the 
ordinary drying 
plates hereto 
fore used. 'Ihe 
ore h delivered 
from the crush- 
er (shown in 
the engraving) 
ci-ectly into the 
drier, where it 
is anowered 
through the 
flame as it 
i a pro^res'.ed 
through the cyl- 
inder, until dis- 
charged at the 
lower end. It 
is automatic in 
i t b operation, 
requires little 
fuel, and needs 
n o attention. 
The ore is more 
dried than is 
possible on 
plates. These 
driers are made 
40"x30" diam- 
eter by 16 ft. 
24 ft. long. 

From thiB 
drier the ore 
goes to the bat- 
teries, and is 
then carried up 
into the fur- 
nace, where it 
is chloridized. 
The furnace 
used is the 
Howell -White, 
in which are 
combined the 
three essential 
requistt s for 
the thorough 
and economical 

roasting and chlorination of ores: 1st. Con- 
tinuous progression through and discharge 
of the ore from the furnace while it 
is being constantly Btirred and showered 
through the heated air and gases, exposing it 
in the greatest possible degree to their reduc- 
ing action. 2d. Increasing the heat on the 
ores as they are progressed through the fur- 
nace. 3d. Subjecting the ores to this shower- 
ing process any length of time that may be 
necessary, with any given character of ore, for 
its thorough reduction. 

For ores containing base medals this furnace 
affords a most economical process, The 
ore being exposed in the very great- 
est degree, and also for any desired 
time to the action of the receiving agents of 
heat, air or gases. The main fire enters the 
lower end of the cylinder and passes entirely 
through it. The ore is regularly and continu- 
ously fed from a hopper at the upper end, by a 
sorew conveyor into the cylinder and constantly 
stirred and showered through the heated air 
and gases, by means of spiral ribs in the small 
section of the cylinder, and regularly pro- 
gresses through it and discharges at the lower 
end into the ore chamber. The length of time 
is subject to regulation. The auxiliary fire at 

the upper end of the cylinder is for the purpose 
of receiving the finer particles of ore which are 
carried back by the draft, which constitute, in 
many cases, 10 or 15 per oent. of the entire 
product, and which would otherwise be lost. 

When the ore comes from the batteries con- 
veyors move it along to the furnace, where the 
elevator deposits it in the hopper. After pass- 
ing through the furnace the ore goes to the 
cooling tljor buowo below the furnace. Aitsr 
being cooled it is taken to the pans, and thence 
passes to the settlers. The retorts are shown 
on the left. The drier, furniee, retorts and 
boilers each have independent stacks. A dry 
crushing 20-stamp mill such as che engraving 

A New Amalgamator and Concentrator. 

Wm. F. Davis, of 1232 Dupont street, in this 
city, has just received through the Mining 
and Scientific 1'ress Patent Agency a patent 
for an improved ore concentrator and amalga- 
mator of that class in which an endle38 belt 
t avels upward against a stream of water and 
deposits its concentrations in a tank below. 

A tack having an inclined bottom has at its 
upper end a smaller tank for receiving the con- 
centrations. The main tank is supplied with 
water from a pipe underneath, and has a dis- 
charge in its end near the bottom. In the re- 



represents will require an 18x46 Wheelock en- 
gine for power. 

We learn from the Pioohe Record that Eu- 
gene Blair, formerly of the police force in Vir- 
ginia, Nov., with two or three prospectors, has 
gone off on a mining "still hunt" in Southern 
Arizona. Th e Record Bays : Although these 
individuals were very reticent as to what they 
were goinp after, we learn they go for the pur- 
pose of taking up the mica claims in that lo- 
cality, of whicb there are large quantities. The 
blocks of mica that have from time to time been 
sent to Fioche from that vicinity are very fine 
specimens, and as the railroad will be running 
through that section within a year, these mica 
claims will probably become valuable, though 
worthless at present. 

Garber & Thornton, of San Francisco, have 
commenced suit in the District Court at Eureka 
(Nev.) to recover from the Eureka Consolidated 
Mining Company §60,000— a balance claimed 
by them for legal services rendered the com- 
pany, principally in the great suit with the 
Richmond Mining Company, determined in the 
Supreme Court of the United States in March, 

I ceiving tank is journaled a driving drum to 
which power is applied. There are al30 suit- 
able rollers arranged along the endless belt run- 
ning over theBe and the driving drum. 

To the belt is given what is known as an "up- 
hill travel," that is, it travels up the 
over the rollers and around the drum from 
which it derives its motion. All the rollers 
over which it passes, including the drum, are 
individually journaled in boxes provided 
with screws whereby each may be adjusted to 
vary the inclination or level of the belt at any 
desirable point, which is an advantage to the 
ore at different points upon the belt, aB has been 
found by experience. One of the rollers over 
which the belfr travels is cam-shaped, which 
gives the belt a gentle undulatory motion, 
which the inventor says is highly beneficial in 
settling the heavier particles. There is no side 
shake or end shake to the belt. 

The water in both the main and small tanks is 
kept high enough to submerge the entire belt, 
with the exception of that portion of its top ex- 
tending from the top of the main roller to about 
two-thirds of the way down. 

Just over the belt at its highest point, which 
is above the roller, next to the upper one, is a 
water pipe arranged to throw jets of water upon 

and against the belt as it travels upward, This 
pipe is loosely journaled in boxes, to have a cer- 
tain lateral movement or vibration. The lat- 
eral vibration of the pipe causes a distribution 
of the jets over the belt. Above the belt, lower 
than the water pipe, is the ore distributer or 
feed, supplied from a small sluice. Water is 
also directed upon the belt at the edge of the 
water line by another water pipe. 

In the lower end of the tank is a plate amal- 
gamated on its lower surface and sustained on 
the surface of the water by means of suitable 
hangers. This plate extends between tho water 
line upon the belt and the end of the tank. 
The belt travels upward by means of power 
applied at the 
drum, its lar- 
gest portion 
moving through 
the water. The 
ore is fed to the 
belt fiom the 
distributer, and 
moving up, 
meets the vi- 
brating jets of 
water fron* the 
water pipe. By 
these jets a sep- 
aration occurs 
at this poirit. 
The heavier 
particles or con- 
centration re- 
Bist the down- 
ward flow of 
the water, and 
are carried 
down into the 
receiving tank, 
which contains 
clear water,and 
are washed off. 
From this 
they are contin- 
ually discharg- 
ed through its 
bottom. The 
lighter or waste 
particles flow 
down over the 
belt with the 
waste water. 
They contain a 
portion of prec- 
ious metal too 
light to resist 
the flow. The 
undulatory mo- 
tion given by 
the cam roller, 
which is a main 
peculiarity o f 
the machine, 
tends to settle 
them down upon 
the belt, and 
l some are thus carried up and washed off in the 
upper tank. The rest continue down to the 
water's edge, where they are met by the down- 
ward jets of clear water from the supplemental 
pipe, and more evaporation occurs. What is left 
descends into the muddy water, and the floating 
gold is caught under the inverted amalgam 
plate. Others pass down through the amalgam 
grate and are caught, while the purely waste 
matter finds a discharge through the opening. 
Thus during the entire operation the pulp is 
subjected to a concentratory and amalgamatory 
prooess. Any kind of belt is used, but the in- 
ventor sayB he has obtained good results upon 
some kinds of ore with a belt with a friction sur- 
face, made by mixing fine sand with the paint 
applied to a heavy oanvas belt. 

The legal holidays, other than Sundays, for 
1883 will fall as follows: Twenty-second of 
February (Washington's Birthday), Thursday; 
30th of May (Decoration Day), Wednesday; 
Fourth of July (Independence day), Wednes- 
day; 25th of December (Christma3) ( Tuesday. 
Thanksgiving is selected by the President, and 
usually falls on a Thursday. If Admission day 
is observed it will be on a Monday, the 9th 
of September falling on a Sunday. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January G, 1883 


Notes From Eureka, Nevada. 

[From our Correspondent.] 

The new Richmond furnace will be atarted up, 
it is thought, about the 1st of January. I hear 
of nothing new at the mines. At the Eureka 
Con. there ia nothing unusual to note. The 
new (Looan) shaft is at a standstill, and will be 
so until the eections of the accumulator [arrive 
and are set in place. At the Albion the big 
smokestacks are finished, and are said by 
Sapt. Robinson to be working with the flue- 
dust chambers satisfactorily, doing the work 
required as smoothly as can be desired, Down 
in the mine developments are progressing 
steadily day by day, giving testimony to the 
increasing worth of the property. 

New strikes are reported occasionally, but 
from their position it appears that they are all 
on the same fissure as the huge Richmond ore 
bodies, and which extends across the A, C. 
line iu a northwesterly direction through the 
Albion ground. 

The Latest Strike 
Made is a triangular cave, dimensions about 33 
ft. from noith to south, and 32 ft. from east to 
west. The bottom is filled with debris. On the 
west wall of it is a body of ore, on which a 
raise of 20 ft. has been made. Samples taken 
from different places show the value to be at the 
rite of §135 silver and $6 gold per ton; it also 
carries 22£% of lead. It is situated on the same 
level as the October cave, about 120 ft. west- 
ward from it. 

In the west drift from the east upraise the 
entire face is all in ore. Twenty ft. below the 
same is a west drift, just now broken into ore, 
the distance of the same being ISO ft. from the 
A. C. line and chamber B, from which large 
quantities of ore are still being taken. 

I understand that the Albion Company have 
shipped 1,770 bars of base bullion up to Dec. 
1st, and from then up to the present time 
they have shipped 2,S99 bare; added to which, 
the melted bullion in the furnace pit may run 
the number up to 3.000 bars, Supt. Robinson 
confidently asserts that when both furnaces are 
running under full blast he will ship about 
10,000 bars per month. If my information 
from the smelters that No. 2 furnace is not 
running up to more than two-thirds of its ca- 
pacity, is correct, Mr. Robinson's statement is 
made from inference from preeent results. 

Among some of the 

Earliest Locations Made in Eureka District 
Are the mines of the Alexandria Company, but 
they have been worked by the moat primitive 
methods, and up to the present date with ex- 
ceeding irregularity. The ores from them were 
among the first smelted in the district, having 
been ,sold at the old Roslin furnace, the only 
one then in operation here. The Alexandria 
mine is situated a few hundred ft. above the 
El Dorado No. 2 main shaft, and is on the same 
mineral belt of limestone as the Eureka 
Tunnel ore bodies. From time to time large 
quantities of ore have been produced that will 
probably aggregate $60,000. The expenses 
of development, reduction work?, etc., will reach 
$40,000. Several good stikes have been made 
by parties leasing the property. The company 
have lately purchased the Sterling series of loca- 
tions adjoining it, owned by the Sterling Min- 
ing Co., a corporation possessed of no ether cap- 
ital than was taken out of the mine. It, how- 
ever, is undoubtedly a valuable property, that, 
by the application of adequate means to develop 
it, will become dividend-paying. A force of 
men have been set to work grading a road for 
the purpose of removing the hoisting machinery 
from the Alexandria incline shaft to a vertical 
Bhaft on the Dilligent location, 200 ft. south 
of it. 

This Shaft 1b Now Down 
One hundred feet, and will be carried to a depth 
of 500 ft., more or less, to the level of the 
Eureka tunnel, with which it is intended to 
make connection for the purpose of easy ex- 
traction of ore and cheap disposal of waste rock. 
A wagon road will also be extended from the 
mine to one now built to New York canyon, 
which will give thorough andeaBy access. It is 
estimated that there are trees on the ground 
sufficient to provide fuel for running the engine 
for two years. The ore obtained is generally of 
good quality, running as high as $400 per ton. 
There is also a quantity that is of a grade 
hitherto unprofitable to work. 

At the Lizzie L,, in running a drift to con- 
nect with a cave discovered a few weeks ago, 
some ore was struck in a fissure. It is four feet 
thick, and has been stripped for six feet along 
the veiny but the extent of the body is not yet 
known. Assays show a value of $143 per ton 
in gold and Bilver. At the Grant mine noth- 
ing but dead work is being done at present. The 
Geraldine tunnel, now in 130 ft.,has to be driven 
40 ft. farther to connect with the old workings, 
out of which very large quantities of rich ore 
have been taken 

On Adams Hill 
The Bowman Company have just shipped 25 
tons of oro to the Eureka Con, furnaces that 
worked over $100 per ton. ThiB mine is pro- 
ducing favorably, 

Grif. J. Griffith, the superintendent of the 
Wales Con. is in Eureka. He says he will re- 
sume work on the mine. Should anything be 

done actively the public will be duly informed 
of it. Last month the Bertrand Company av- 
eraged a run of 55 ijons of ore per day. It cott 
$2.25 t> mine, and about $9 per ton to mill. I 
learn that the ore yields from 20 to 25 oza. of 
silver per ton. 

Work has been resumed in the south shaft of 
the Medora Con. mine, adjoining the old Page 
and Corwin, and a vein of ore 8 inches thick, 
very rich, has been struck. Thirty tons of ore 
are being shipped from the Fairplay mine on the 
Alhambra hill to the Eureka Con. furnaces. 

I hear that the richest ore even taken out of 
the Bay State mine at Newark, White Pine 
county, has been struck within the past week. 
This property 1b capable of producing large 
quantities of high grade ore, and ttill greater of 
middle class. It is a regular shipper to the 
Richmond furnaces in Eureka, as are other 
mines in that locality. Yours truly, 

M. H. Joseph. 

The Transit Observations and Lon<. itudes. 

Dr. A. P. Goddard writes to the Sacramento 
Record-Union as follows: "With regard to the 
vexed question of longitudes, and the correct 
time of the Beveral contacts during the transit 
of Venus, December 6;h, I believe the whole 
matter can be reconciled something as follows: 
It appears that we cannot exactly adopt the 
Signal Service longitudes in another paper. 
For instance, Professor Davidson's observatory 
on Clay-street hill and Oetavia street, where 
Captain,Gilbert (in charge) took theobservation, 
is in longitude 122d. 25m. 41s., as determined 
by Professor Davidson a few years sinee, 
whereas the Signal Service still call San Fran- 
cisco 1221. 26m. 153., which was what Lieuten- 
ant Trowbridge made Lime Point, in S»n Fran- 
cisco bay, in the CoaBt Survey of 1S53-54. It 
gave the relative time from Greenwich 8h. 9m. 
45 h, while Trof. Davidson's observatory gives 
it Sh. 9m. 42.733?., or about 2£a. difference in 
time. But the Signal Service Washington 
longitude of 77d. 1m. is much more out 
of the way from the Dome observatory. 
1 1; is true that it has been variously computed 
at different times from 77 J. 0m. 153 to 77d. 
8m , which may be found in Black's atlas, pub 
liBhed in 1871; bat Johnson's cyclopedia, 1877, 
and Loomis' astronomy, give it 77d. 2m. 4Sa. 
If we take the relative difference, however, of 
the late eminent and lamented Dr. Draper's 
computation of his observatory at Hastings, 
near New York, which in his transit of Mer- 
cury observations, May 6, 1878, he gave as 73d. 
52m. 253., or 23b. 47m. 4 183. in time, calling 
Washington 24h. The difference, 12 n. 42a., is 
equal to 33. 10m. 303., which, added to 731. 
52m. 253., makes 77d. 2m. 55*. Thisi3 doubt- 
less very nearly correct. But special observa- 
tions for longitude or time from Greenwich, 
after the electric Atlantic cable was laid, were 
taken by Dr. Gould, Professor Hilgard and an- 
other, which gave a mean of 5h. 8m. 12.12)., 
convertible to 77d. 3m. 1.83. Washington; so 
probably that is most correct of all, and iB our 
starting point. Then we deduct 5h. Sm. 12.12s 
from Professor Davidson's observatory — 8b. 9m. 
42 7333.— we have 3b. lm. 30.6133. as the differ- 
ence between Washington time and the Clay 
street observatory; or, if we please, deduct 77d. 
3m. 1.8s, Washington, from 122d, 25m. 41s., Clay 
street, giving 45d. 22m. 39.2$. these should give 
the same results in time, or show that the 
Atlantic cable observations were not connected 
with the same part of Washington. It does 
give us the same result or 3 b., 1 m., 3.6 sec, 
for difference between Washington and the Da- 
vidson'observatory. Therefore, if we take the 
given predicted Washington time for the transit 
and deduct the difference, we shall have the 
predicted time for Professor Davidson's obser- 
vatory in San Francisco, Captain Gilbert's place 
of observation — not of course the Cerro Eoblero 
N. M., station, where Professor Davidson had 
such admirable success' — except, however, the 
first contact, which his station seems to have 
missed, as the sun was less t-fcfen a diameter 
above the Organ mountains at the first internal 
contact. Weil, then, the prediction for Captain 
Gilbert stood: 

Washington. San Francisco. 

Fivat contact 8.55 A. M. 5:53 5G,4 A. ai. 

First internal coo tact 9:16 a. m. 0:1+ 50.4 A. M, 

Second internal contact 2:3S p. M. 11:30 . 56.4 A. M. 

Last contact 3:00 r. M. 11:68 50,4 A. M. 

But there is an admirable chart in Proctor's 
"The Universe and the Coming Tiansits," 
showing that ingress is retarded eight minutes 
at about 108° longitude, and egress accelerated 
three to four minutes on our coast, and five 
minutes at about 104° longitude. The second 
internal or third contact was not due at II h, 
36m., 56.4 sec, but at some figure we must as- 
certain. It is not quite clear, however, that 
the eight minutes, or even seven and a half 
minutes' retardation extends further than the 
diagonal path shown running from about Wy- 
oming to ths Gulf of California, but it undoubt- 
edly indicates important differences which may 
clear up the observed differences at San Fran- 
cisco and Sacramento. 

Captain Gilbert recorded his observation of 
the second internal contact at llh. 42m. A. m, 
and the last contact at 12h. 2m. 10*., showing 
5m. 3.6s. retardation at the third contact, and 
3m. 13.63. at the last contant from the Wash- 
ington predicted time. But it appears that the 
well-known medical almanac of Dr. Jayne, 
Philadelphia, gives the time for thirty-one 
cities in the United States, including Sacra- 
mento and San Francisco, and llh. 42m. a. m. is 
given for San Francisco, and we may note that 
if we deduct three minutes' acceleration from 
eight minutes' retardation, it leaves the retard- 

ation five minutes, or within 3.63. of the ob- 
servance, or taking the last contact and de- 
ducting 3lm. acceleration from 7m. rttardation, 
it would give us 3im. retardation, which would 
ba within 3. 63. of the last contact observation 
at San Francisco. A very little alteration in 
the proportions of the acceleration and retarda- 
tion would give the exact results, therefore I 
have dwelt upon the San Francisco observa- 
tions because they afford the kay to the cor- 
rectness of Major Bander's at the State Capi- 
tol; but now, then, we must ascertain what the 
loDgitude of our State Capitol is. Professor 
Hall kindly informs me that it is 27.85 miles 
less or east of 122:1. true longitude. At 381. 
35m. Sacramento latitude that would give us 
121d. 29.n. 7.4j., while the Coast Survey in 
1S78 ordered lm. added to every degree 
of old longitude, showing that formerly 
it would have read, after adding the 
lm. 121d. 30m. 7.4 sec. The Signal Service 
figure- -121d. 31m. — appears to be too much. 
Adopting 121d. 29m. 7.4?., then, as the longi- 
tude of the State Capitol west of Greenwich, 
the difference from San Francisco is 56m. 33.6 
sec; for adding that to my computation of the 
dome of the State Capitol— 12 Id. 29 n. 7-4 sec. 
— which has never been given by any civil en- 
gineer before, we have 1221. 25 m. 41 sec. for 
Prof.J Davidsons's observatory on Clay street 
hill. It must be recollected that the Coast 
Survey Offjce, Washington Equare, San Fran- 
cisco, was called in longitude 122 i. 24m. 
35.49 Bee, but no doubt should have been 122d. 
25m. 35 49 sec. The 56m, 33.6 sec. gives us 
3m. 46.24 sec. difference of time, or later than 
San Francisco, so that, as we found before, that 
the San Francisco, or Captain Gilbert's ob- 
servation of llh. 42m. came out right with the 
proper retardation added, and conformed to Dr. 
Jayne's almanac; so if we add 3m. 46.24s., 
Laeour's difference of time, to llh. 42 m., we have, 
as a result, llh. 45m. 46.24s. which includes 
the same retardation as we allowed for San 
Francisco, and this comes out 13.76a. only less 
than llh. 46m. given in Dr. Jayne'd almanac. 
The observation was. in fact, called, ai ex- 
plained last week, at llh. 42 n. 55 1., San Fran- 
cisco time, adding 3b. 46m. 24?.; therefore, we 
have llh. 46m. 31.24a., showing that Major 
Bender was probably 31.249. late," as he was 
confident he wae, and even admitted 13.76 s. 
more, which would make the actual occurrence 
precisely what I estimate it should have been, 
llh. 45m. 46.24). My mode of getting the 
true retardation was only approximate, how- 
ever. The last contact would work out as fol- 
lows: Captain Gilbert's was 12h. 2m. 10'., 
with probable retardation of 3m. 13 6.*. included. 
We have then merely to add the difference of 
our time, 3m. 46.243., to 12b. 2m. 103., making 
12b. fc 5m. 56.243. The actual time Mr. Shearer 
called to Major Bender was 12b. 2m. 253., by 
San Francisco time; adding, therefore, 3m. 
42 24s. The Sacramento time called was 12h. 
6m. 11.24s., showing a possibility that it was 
called 15 seconds too late to be in harmony with 
Captain Gilbert's. Thus, then, we have ar- 
rived at conclusions that harmonize with science 
and the facts, and prove the correctness of Cap- 
tain Gilbert's observations. Prof. Proctor's 
elaborate descriptions and chart for the transit 
of December 6, 1882, and the really admirable 
precise figures given by Dr. Jayne's almanac, 
for which his astronomer i3 deserving of the 
public thanks, whereas the Scientific American, 
if it quoted from the Nautical almanac, which 
I have not yet had an opportunity of seeing, 
still only gave us the Washington time without 
the retardation added, and was consequently 
misleading. It was only a few days since that 
Dr. Jayne's almanac was brought to my notice, 
which, together with Proctor's chart, I believe 
clears up the whole mystery, now thafc I have 
ascertained the various longitudes of Washing- 
ton, San Francisco, and our own State capitol, 
which have never been given to the public be- 
fore. I have labored with zsal and a determi- 
nation to master the question, and have the sat- 
isfaction at least that ''truth bringa its own re- 
ward," and som^, at least, of the public, I am 
sure, will appreciate my endeavor. 

New State OfficBrs and Legislature. 

The following is a list of the State officers 
elect, with postoffice addresses of same: 

Governor — George Stoneman, San Gabriel, Los 

Angeles county. 

Lieutenant-Governor— John Daggett, Oakland — 
formerly Klamath Mills, Siskiyou county. 

Secretary of State — T. L. Thompson, Santa Rosa, 
Sonoma county. 

Controller— -J. P. Dunn, San Francisco. 

Treasurer — w. .\. January, San Jose. 

Attorney-General— E. C. Marshall, San Francisco. 

Surveyor-General — W. I. Willey, San Diego. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction— VV. T. 
Welcker, San Francisco. 

Clerk of Supreme Court— J. W. McCarthy, Mo- 
desto, Stanislaus county. 

Railroad Commissioners — G.J. Carpenter, Placer- 
ville, El Dorado county; W. P. Humphries, San 
Francisco; W. W. Foote, Oakland. 

Board of Equalization— Charles Gildea, San 
Francisco; L. C. Morehouse, San Leandro, Ala- 
meda county; C. S. Wilcoxon, Yuba City, Sutter 
county; John Markley, Salinas. 

Congressmen— Charles A. Sumner, San Francisco; 
T. R. Glascock, Oakland; W. S. Rosecrans, San 
Francisco; fames H. Budd, Stockton; Barclay 
Henley, Santa Rosa, Sonoma county; P. B. Tully, 
Gilroy, Santa Clara county. 


First District— San Diego and San Bernardino, 
John Woll'skill, D., Bernardo. ' 1 Diej 

Second District— Lo 
D,, Los Angeles. 

Third District— yentura, Santa Barbara and San 
Luis Obispo, George Steele, R., San Luis Obispo. 

Fourth Distrtct— Fresno, Tulare, Kern, Mono 
and Inyo, Patrick Redely, D, Bodie. 

Fifth District— Mariposa, Merced and Stanislaus, 
J. D. Spencer, D. , Modesto. 

Sixth District— Monterey, San Benito and Santa 
Cruz, Benjamin Knight, D., Santa Cruz. 

Seventh District— Santa Clara, C. H. MaddoN 
D., San Jose; B. D. Murphy, D., San [ose. 

Eighth District — San Francisco and Sari MaHco, 
Jeremiah Lynch', 1'., San Francisco. 

Ninth District— San Francisco, T. McCarthy, D. ; 
John Harrigan, D. 

Tenth District— San Francisco, David McClure, 
R.; George H. Perry. R. 

Eleventh District— San Francisco, Edward Keat- 
ing, D.; T. R. Nelson, D. 

Twelfth District— San -Francisco, J. T. Dougherty, 
D.; Martin Kelly, D. 

Thirteenth District— San Francisco, ], F. Sulli- 
van, D. ; W. Crqnan, I >. 

Fourteenth District— Alameda, Henry Vrooman, 
R. , Oakland; George E. Whitney, R., Oakland. 

Fifteenth District — Contra Costa and Marin, W, 

B. English, D., Concord, Contra Costa county. 
Sixteenih District— San Joaquin and Amador, B. 

F. Langford (joint), D., Acampo; F. T. Baldwin, 
D. , Stockton. 

Seventeenth District— Calaveras and Tuolumne, 

C. D. Reynolds, D., Milton, Calaveras county. 
Eighteenth District— Sacramento, Joseph Routier, 

R., Routier's P. O.; Frederick Cox, D., Sacra- 

Nineteenth District— Solano and Yolo, J. M. 
Dudley, R., Dixon; K. E. Kelley (John), D., Fair- 

Twentieth District — Napa, Lake and Sonoma, 
Dennis Spencer, D., Napa. 

Twenty-first District— Sonoma, George A. John- 
son, D. , Santa Rosa. 

Twenty-second District— Placer, ]. A. Filcher, 
D., Auburn. 

Twenty-third District — El Dorado and Alpine, 
Thomas Fraser, ,R., Placerviile, 

Twentv-fourth I 'istrict — Nevada and Sierra, C. W 
Cross, I'. Nevada City; H.W.Wallis (joint), R., 
Forest City, Sierra county. 

Twenty-lift 1 1 District- -Yuba and Sutler, A. L. 
Chandler, R., Nicolaus. 

Twenty-sixth District — Butte, Pinmasatid Lassen, 
W, \Y. ICelldgg', D., Quincy, Pltimas county. 

Twenty-seventh Districl -Mendocino, Humboldt 
and Del Norte, I'. tl, Ryan, D., Eureka. 

Twenty-eighth- I >istrict — Siskiyou, Modoc, Trin- 
ity and Shasta, Clay W. Taylor, I'., Shasta. 

Twenty-ninth District— Colusa and Tehama, C. 

F. Foster. D., Red Bluff. 


Alameda— 1.. 11. Carv, R., Oakland; W. B. 
Clement, R., Alameda'; R. L. II. Brown, R., Hay- 
war. is. 

Amador A. 1 'aminetti, 1 '., Jackson; Robed 
Stewart, I >. , Volcano. 

Butte -I-. C. than-.,, i 1., 1 n-oville; T. R. Flem- 
ming, D. , Gridley. 

1 niura Costa— G. VV. I . I larter, R , Byron. 

1 lalaveras -A. R. \\ In ,1. D., \ alley Spring 

1 !olusa and Tehama— Reuben Clark', I '., \\ illiams, 
Colusa county. 

Del Norte— W. A. Hamilton, D. 

El Dorado — C. I'". Irwin, D., Placerviile, 

El Dorado and Alpine -Thomas B. Rowland, D. , 
Rowland's, Lake Tahoe. 

Fresno — W. D. Grady, D. 

Humbeldt— I. H. G. Weaver, R., Eureka. 

Inyo and Mono— J. M. Keller, K., Lone Pine, 
Inyo county. 

Los Angeles- A. P.. Moffitt, D., San Fernando; 
H. W. Head, D., Garden Grove. 

Lake — H. J. Crumpton, D. 

Mariposa and Merced — \V. L. Smith, D. , Mari- 

Marin — S, C. Bowers, D., San Rafael. 

Mendocino — Archibald Yell, D. 

Monterey -Thomas F. Faw, D, , Chualar, Monte- 
rey county. 

Napa — F. E.Johnston, I), 

Nevada- -1- 1 .. Lewison, R.. Truckee; V Wal- 
rath, R., Nevada City; J. O. Sweetland, D., Sweet- 

Placer— P. McHale, D., Michigan Bluff. 

Plumas and Lassen— Calvin McClaskey, D,, 

San Francisco— Ninth District — E. Gausrail, 1 >. , 
W, J, Simon, I >. ; Thomas F. Barry, D ; [ames 
Callaghan, D. Tenth I >istrict— 1 'harles A. Mm- 
dock, R.;J. H. Culver, R. ; B. F. McKinley, R,;A. 

G. Booth, P. Eleventh District— Peter Wheelan, 
D. ; Thomas Healy, I 1. ; Bernard Rawle, D. ; Syd- 
ney Hall, D. Twelfth 1 ijstriet -T. H. Mi I 

D.; M, R. Leverson, I >. . James |. Flynn, IX; P. 
Plover, D. Thirtc nth 1 'istn ! ■< 'harl< . \. 1 h hes 
D.; D. H. Bibb, D. ; Thomas II. Murphy, D . ; E. 
J. O'Connor, D. 

Sacramento— H M Lame, D, Sacramento; 
Ryan, R, Sacramento; Gillis Doty, D, J ilk Grove. , 

San Diego— Edwin Parker, D, San I ijego. 

San Bernardino — Trueman Reeves, R. 

San Luis Obispo— s H Hollister, R. 

Santa Barbara and Ventura— C A Stork 
Santa Barbara. 

Santa Clara— A B Hunter, D, Santa Clara 
M Townsend, D, San Jose; Adam Rhiel, I>. < 

Santa Cruz — Lucien Heath, R, Santa Cruz. 

San Benito — J H Mathews, D. 

San Joaquin— S L Terry, D, Stockton; C S 
phens, D, Stockton; J W ICerrick, D, 1 tollegei 

San Mateo -1 V Coleman, D, Menlo Park. 

1 D 


Sierra — M Farley, D, Downieville. 

Siskiyou and Modoc— Peter Peterson, I). 

Stanislaus— E B Beard, D. 

Solano— Joel A Harvey, R, Fairfield; DG '. 
R. Vallejo. 

Sonoma— John T Campbell, 0, Santa Ro 
Martin, D, Petaluma; John Field, D, Cloven 

Sutter— S R Fortna, D, Yuba City. 

Trinity and Shasta — 1 M Briceland, D. 

Tulare and Kern — W L Morton, D, Gran 
Tulare county. 

Tuolumne — F. D Nieol, D, Si 

Yolo — D N Hershey, I). Black's Station. 

Yuba— W M ' utter, D, Marysville; N G 


Democrats, 30; Republicans, 10; 
cr.itie majority, 20. Assembly— Democrats, ( 
pul ilicans r.8; 1 f em « 1 ati majority, 44. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 


Asphalt Fouadatioas for Machinery. 

Parties who find their business interfered 
with by vibrations producod by a neighbor's 
machinery are very apt to seek redress at the 
hands of the law. Such litigation if attended 
with loss of time and temper, if not of money; 
it makes rnemus of neighbor?, and should, if 
possible, be avoided. The offending party will 
find it to his advantage to incur considerable ex- 
pense in abating the nuisance, rather than sub- 
ject himself to be mulcted in damages to an 
amouct whioh a jury is to fix. Timber and 
masonry, the materials usually employed for 
foundations, have been found to transmit in- 
juriously the vibrations of machinery placed 
upon them and (irmly secured. Similar ma- 
chinery, similarly secured upon a foundation of 
asphalt concrete has, when driven at an equal 
rate, produced no perceptible vibration. The 
asphalt referred tois a natural produotof bitumi- 
nous limestone, consisting of carbonate of lime 
and mineral bitumen intimately commingled by 
natural agency. If to this rook, ground to 
powder, an additional portion of similar bitumen 
be added, and the whole thoroughly mixed 
when hot with clean dry sharp sand, free from 
all earthy matters, we have the gritted asphalt- 
maatic so successfully need just prior to the 
Paris exhibition, 1873, and during that event, 
for the construction of non-vibrating founda- 
tions, by Mr. Wm. H. Delano, engiueeer of the 
company organized for the manufacture of that 


A striking instance of the value of this pre- 
paration as a foundation for machinery is given 
in their own experience. Oue of the heavy 
mills used by the company for grinding rock, 
when running at its usual rate of 500 revolu- 
tions per minute, caused a neighboring factory 

for painting on glass and china to vibrate to 

such a degree both in the works and in the 

counting-room that the proprietor threatened to 

bring suit. The area thrown into vibration by 

the mill had a radius of over a hundred feet, 

and the company wisely resolved to remove 

the foundation of wood and masonry and sub- 
stitute their own material for it. This was 

done under both machinery and walls. It is 

now impossible to know by the vibration when 

the mill is running. There have never been 

any yielding, settling or repairs since it was 


Subsequently the foundation for a die press 

for stamping out iron frames, and striking 12 

blows a minute, waB laid in asphalt with equal 

success. Foundations of asphalt for steam 

hammers at the artillery factory at Vincennes 

at the shops of the Paris, Lyons, and Mediter- 
ranean railroad, and, elsewhere, have also given 

every satisfaction. 

The method employed for the large grist mill 

making 1,400 revolutions a minute, at the Paris 

Exhibition of 1878, will serve to illustrate the 

general course to be pursued in laying such a 

foundation. An oaken framework was first 

built in the excavation, and the places marked 

for the bearings, recesses, etc., surrounded by 

a rough caisson of planking, firmly supported 

by stays from the outside to prevent bulging. 

A layer of hot gritted asphalt-maBtic was then 

poured on the floor and covered with a layer of 

flint-stone and rubble, perfectly dry; next a 

layer of mastic followed by a layer of flint and 

rubble, and so on, until the top was reached. 

The whole was then. left 10 days to cool and set- 
tle. At the end of that time the surface was 

dres3ed with mastic and the planking removed. 

Earth was then filled in all around to the re- 
quired hight, and the machinery fixed and 

started. At the close of the exhibition it was 

found impossible to break up this material, and 

as blasting could not be allowed in the city, the 

block, weighing 45 tons, remains in the ground 

of the Champs de Mars, opposite the Military 

school. The proportions used were 60 per cent. 

flint and rubble and 40 per cent, gritted mastic. 

Of the latter about 7 per cent, was bitumen, 

from which all matters volatilizable at 42S° Fah. 

bad been driven off. 

We condense the above from the Textile Re- 
cord. In connection with the same we would 

give the following, which it is said will form a 

very good floor for a machine shop and even 

quite a good foundation for the building and 

machinery to rest upon: First make a proper 

excavation, then wheel in gravel and dirt, ram 

them down, run water upon them, and allowiog 

it to settle; then adding 6 inches of fine, sharpy 

olean sand, roll t'nis well with a heavy roller. 

Upon this lay inch boards, both sides coated 

with boiling tar. Upon this lay on end blocks 

of square wood, 5 inches long, one end dipped 

into tar for two-thirds its length, and set tarred 

end down. 

Steel vs. Iron Rails— The gradual disuse 
of iron rails is shown by the fact that in the 
last few months this country has entirely 
ceased to import them from Great Britain, and 
that in the eight months ending with August 
there was a decrease in their exportation from 
England of 1G|%. The steel rail expoiti, how- 
ever, in the same length of time, increased from 
339 686 to 505,017 tons. Oar own rolling-mills 

are also turning out a much larger proportion tion of air' Girders should'be constructed "with 
«A r S J e mUls at PQebl0 ' Colorado, | two thicknesses of material with half-inch 

are totted up for making steel rails only, of space between, bolted and keyed together at 
which they turn out about 1,000 per day. ( each end and in the middle. 

American vs. English Nailmakera. 

Discussing the prospects of the nail trade, a 
Birmingham (Eog.) correspondent of the Lon- 
don Ironmonger uys: Foreign competition in 
this branch is relaxed by the action of Ameri- 
can nailmakerc, who have advanced prices from 
15 cents to 20 cents per keg. These advanced 
rates, which are much above those demanded 
by English makers, have of course greatly im- 
proved the chances of English nails in Canada, 
Australia and other neutral markets, though 
many even in onr own colonies appear to be 
strongly biased still in favor of the American 
article, owing to the greater uniformity of qual- 
ity. It is not denied that English manufactur- 
ers can produce asjgood or even a better nail 
than the Americans, but they do not always do 
so; and the merchants who conduot the trade 
are apt in buying to sacrifice higher considera- 
tions to cheapness. The Americans are wiser 
in their generation, and frankly recognize the 
impossibility of competing with Eoglish mak- 
ers in cheapness; they strive to excel in quality, 
uniformity and excellence of patterns. On the 
whole, these tactics have been of great service 
to them, and have given them a footing in many 
markets from which it will be no easy matter 
to dislodge them. 

Statistics show that over 85,000 kegs of 
American nails and spikes were exported last 
year. They wont to over 40 diffarent countries, 
including England, Ireland and Scotland. 
Chili took the most, 1,80G,500 ft?.; Mexico 
next, 1321 512 lb.., and Cuba third, 1,269.120 
His. The B.i:ish possessions in Africa took 
581 9S7 ft?. The new departure in this manu- 
facture, of making nails from mild steel instead 
of iron, will no doubt greatly influence the qual- 
ity of American nails, and possibly increase the 
foreign demand for them. 

Tempering Steel.— More tools are ruined 
by overheating, cold-hammering and overtem- 
pering than can be redeemed by all the new re- 
cipes that have been invented. The only way 
that is really good is first to find a brand of 
Bteel that is good and suitable for the tools to 
be made, and stick to it. Next find by a few 
trials the lowest heat that will harden it in pure 
water at 70" or ordinary shop temperature. If 
steel is hardened at the lowest heat, the tem- 
per will require drawing very little — i, e., to a 
pale straw, full straw, or brownish yellow, but 
not deeper unless for wood-working tools with 
thin cutting edges, when a full brown may be 
desirable. File makers use salt water for a 
hardening bath, because it makes the water 
more dense, and the teeth harder, and, of 
course, more brittle. Sulphuric acid or mer- 
cury is sometimes used for hardening very 
small tools for cutting glass and etching stone. 
For epriogs the same care should be taken in 
regard to low. even heatiog that is necessary 
with tools. Pure lard oil is as good, and prob- 
ably better, than any of the many mixtures 
that have been tried for the hardening fluid. 
Burning off may do for drawing the temper of 
small or thick springs, but is totally unfit for 
long or slender ones. Dip the hardened spring 
into a bath of oil heated nearly to ita boiling 
temperature. This is the only way to get an 
even temper. — Scientific American. 

Improvements in Tempering Glass.— The 
high expectations in regard to the Bastic 
method of toughening glass do net appear to 
have been fully realized, and any improvement 
thereupon will be welcomed. That method 
consisted in immersing the aiticle, while still 
red hot, in a bath of oil heated to about 390° 
Fah., and letting it remain there until it had 
cooled down to that temperature. Glass thus 
tempered, while tough, seems to be at the same 
time very brittle, so that when it does break it 
flies into very small fragments, much like 
Prince Kapert drops. It appears to have a 
hard skin, bound tightly over a less hard in- 
terior. F. Lubisch, a GermaD, now claims to have 
devised an improvement on the Bastic process. 
He immerses the article in a hot bath, heated 
only to about 220° Fah., but takes it out when 
it has lost its redness and cools it gradually and 
very slowly in an oven. He also uses a solu- 
tion of starch or gum, or some similar substance 
which does not soil the surface of the glass, as 
fat or oil does. It is claimed that glass so 
hardened resists pressure or shocks as well as 
the Bastic glass, whilo at the same time it may 
be cut with a diamond or polished and engraved 
with the sand blast, a process to which the 
Bistic glass cannot be safely subjected. 

Improvement in Watch Hands.— A device 
in the arrangement of watch hands has been 
patented, whereby the traveler may see at a 
glance the time, both at the place he is leaving 
and whatever local time he may wish to keep at 
a distance. The value to the traveling public 
of such a service is apparent in the facility it 
affords for making connection between trains 
run at different times, etc. The improvement 
consists merely in a convenient device whereby 
a thin hand may be placed upon the dial with- 
out any change in the movements of the watch. 

Posts and Glrders.— A writer in Wood and 
Iron says that posts, whether for supporting 
floors or otherwise, should be bored from end 
to end t) prevent dry rot by allowing a circula 

Parasites in a Fly's Tongue. 

The microscope iscomtantly revealing wonder 
after wonder. Thelatestobservationisfrom ami- 
croBoopist at Cincinnati, who has been examin- 
ing the anatomy of the common house fly, the 
tongue or proboscis of which he has ascertained 
is quite commonly inhabited by parasities. The 
operator had caught a fly, decapitated it and 
taken out the tongue. The reporter of the Cin- 
cinnati Commercial, who was present, writes as 

Under ihe microscope the proboscis bore a 
decided resemblance to a rough, uneven log, 
overgrown with dark, thick moss, at one end of 
which were a number of black projections hav- 
ing the appearance of heavy spikes driven into 
the log, but which were in reality infinitely 
small hairs. It was certainly a formidable 
looking object in its magnified state. The ex- 
perienced eye of the professor detected a slight 
vibration upon the surface of the log, and that 
particular specimea of fly-tongue was pro- 
nounced one of those for which we sought. 
The tongue was inhabited, and again the fly 
had proved a success. The operation which 
followed was one of extreme caution and skill- 
ful manipulation, and consuted 'n splitting the 
organ lengthwise, which was successfully ac- 
complished under the small microscope, with 
instruments of most delicate texture, requiring 
the greatest care in their use. The operation 
resulted favorably, and Bure enough tie "crit- 
ter" was there. He bad taken up his residence 
for the time being inside the tongue, although 
it has been demonstrated that he possesses the 
power of roaming at Mb own sweet will either 
inside or outside of his field of operation. He 
waB captured without much of a contest, and 
was imprisoned in a small drop of water, 
which was placed upon a glass slide with aeon- 
cave center, and subjected to the searching 
revelations of the microscope. He appeared to 
take naturally to his new element, and mani- 
fested a surprising activity in his liquid quar- 
ters. He was pronounced by the proftsaorto 
be a very handsome specimen. He was almost 
transparent, had a flat head and the b >dy of a 
serpent. And how he did squirm, fill ng the 
entire spacs of his miniature aquarium with his 
writhings and onvuleions. By aotual measure- 
ment this one was found by Mr. Mickelbor- 
ough to be 93 1000 of an inch in diameter. 
The greatest number he has ever found on a 
single fly's 1 tongue was three — enough, in all 
conscience ! 

Migration of Fish Through the Suez 
Canal — Dr. Keller has communicated to the 
Swiss Geographical Society some interesting 
notes relative to the migration of fish by means 
of the Sui z canal. It was at one time predicted 
that the interchangeof fish between the Mediter- 
ranean and the Red seas would soon assume 
large proportions, but the prediction has not 
been fulfilled. Specimens of the smaller Med- 
iterranean fish have been found in the Hid sea, 
and for some unexplained reason the b'sh seem 
to travel in that direction in preference to the 
other. The most interesting circumstance 
noted is that the pearl oyster is slowly making 
its way toward the Mediterranean. Its progress 
is slow, but it is said to be moving in large 

Another Great Lake in Africa. 

The discovery of another great lake in the 
interior of Africa is reported far to the west of 
Albert Nyanzi. Occasional reports of Bucb a 
lake have been current in scientific circles for 
some time, but it is only recently that any 
authentio data have been received. Recently 
F. Lupton, Governor of the Egyptian province 
of Bahr KI Ghaz»l, has written to the London 
Times to the effect that Kifai Aga, an em. 
ployee under his command, on his return from 
an expedition toward the Uelle, told him that 
he and some of the members of the expedition 
had seen a great lake in the country of the Bar- 
boa, a powerful copper-colored tribe clothed 
with a peculiar grass cloth (of which Mr. Lap- 
ton sends a specimen in his letter). Mr. .Lup- 
ton gathered that the position of the lake was 
in about 3 degrees 40 minutes north latitude, 
and 23 degrees east longitude, and that it was 
quite as large as Victoria Nyanza. Wnen the 
weather permits, the Barboas cross the lake in 
large open boatB made out of a single tree, the 
voyage taking three days, and they obtain from 
the people living on the western side (their 
own country being east of the lake) articles of 
European manufacture, euoh as blue beads and 
brass wire. 

Mr. Lupton gives in brief Rafai Aga's ac- 
count of his trip to the lake, and concludes by 
saying: "I feel I should not be doing right in 
keeping dark this information, which, when 
looked into by competent persons, may throw 
some light on the famous Congo and Uelle riv- 
era. I believe that the Uelle flows iutb the 
lake discovered by Rafai Aga, and that the 
stream which is said to flow out of the lake 
probably joins the Congo." Mr. Lupton fur- 
ther informs the Times that he is engaged in 
preparing a map of this provinoe, and that be 
was about to start in a few days on a journev 
t> a country called Umbungu, some 15 dayis' 
march to the west of Dshm Siber. 

Recent Finds in the Connecticut Valley 
Sandstones.— Some new and very fine speci- 
mens of tracks are reported as having recently 
been found in the sandstones at Turner's Falls, 
in Massachusetts. Among the find is a bird 
track with a stride of five feet in length. Com- 
pared with a bird which made suoh a stride the 
ostrich would dwindle in proportion to a barn- 
yard fowl. This new find in a new locality is 
considered a very interesting and important 
one. The entire region|of the Connecticut! River 
valley is supposed to have once Ibeen covered by 
the sea, upon the beach of which birds, quad- 
rupeds, insecti and various forms of vegetation 
have left their impressions. Compared with 
these traoks, as to age, the Pyramids of Egypt 
are but as of yesterday. 

Discovery of the Carbon Voltaic Arc— At 
a recent meeting of the London Physical Soci- 
ety Professor S. P. Thompson read some "His- 
torical Notes on Physics," in which he showed 
that the voltaic arc between carbon points was 
produced by a Mr. Etienne Gaspar Robertson 
(whose name indicates a Scotch origin) at Paris 
in 1802. This reference is found in the Jour- 
nal de Paris for that year. Laboratory note- 
books at the Royal Institution, however, are 
said to sliow that Davy experimented with the 
arc quite as early. The experiment usually at- 
tributed to Franklin, of exhausting air from a 
vessel of water, "off the boil," and causing it 
to boil afresh, ieTfound in Boyle's "new experi- 
ments touching the spring of the air." 

Sun Spots.— Herr S. Wolff endeavors to ac- 
count for sun Bpots by a new theory. He thinks 
they may represent areas on the eun that are 
vastly hotter than the vast surface surrounding 
instead of being cooler, as astronomers generally 
believe. They are regions so extremely hot, he 
supposes, that the heat radiations have reached 
the intensity of ultra violet (red ?) rays; theBe 
being invisible, the spots consequently appear 

Electro-Generative Fuel. 

At a recent meeting of the French Association 
for the Advancement of Science, Dr. Brard, of 
La Rochelle, read a paper before the physical 
section in which he described a new method of 
generating electricity by the combustion of a 
peculiar kind of fire- slab, This slab consists of 
a brick of carbonaceous matter and a brick of 
nitrate of soda or nitrate of potash, plaoed to- 
gether, but separated by a thin sheet of asbestos 
paper, and both enveloped in a wrapper of 
asbestoB. The carbon brick ie formed of about 
100 grams of coal-dust kneaded into a paste 
with tar or molasses, and shaped in a mold by 
heat. The mold gives the brick a pitted sur- 
face above and perforates it with holes through 
and through from the upper to the under side. 
Strips of braBB or copper are also imbedded in 
the under side of the brick to serve as an elec- 
trode for the oarbon pole of the electro-genera- 
tive element. The other brick consists of a 
mixture of three partB ashes and one part ni- 
trate of potash or soda melted together and 
poured upon the pitted surface of the carbon, 
which, however, is first covered with a layer of 
asbestos paper. Strips of brass are also imbed- 
ded in this compound to serve as an electrode. 
The slab thus formed constitutes a generator 
of electricty when wrapped in asbestos and 
placed in a furnace or fierce fire. In such an 
element the carbon forms the negative plate 
and is oxidized just as zinc is oxidized in the 
ordinary voltaic cell, the nitrate of potash be- 
ing the oxidizing substance. The Blab becomes 
a thermo-chemical battery, and Mr. Brard 
states that an electric current is obtained strong 
enough to actuate an ordinary electric bell. By 
connecting up several of theBe elementary slabs 
after the manner of a voltaic battery, a more 
powerful current is the result, three or four 
cells being sufficient to decompose water. 

Tremors of the Earth. — The London Times 
publishes a synopsis of some papers on the 
"Tremors of the Earth,"Jby the committee ap- 
pointed to measure the lunar disturbance of 
gravity and by Mr. G. Darwin, which contains 
some statements new to the public. It is : con- 
sidered proved by the men of science engaged 
that the cruBt of the earth bends under the 
weights imposed on it till, "when the barome- 
ter rises an inch over a land area like that of 
Australia, the increased load of air sinks fie 
entire continent two or three inches below the 
normal level." The land actually sinks and 
rises under the pressure of the mass of water 
thrown upon it by the tides; the maximum of 
rise and fall on the Atlantic seaboard reaches 
five inches. The effect is felt at the bottom of 
the deepest mine, and may reach for an un- 
known distance. It follows that the crust of 
the earth must be of exceeding tenacity, ex- 
ceeding as a minimum that of granite, and its 
swaying may be tbecauses of phenomena 'hith- 
erto quite unexplained, as, for example, the re- 
lation between storm and earthquake. So uni- 
versal, frequent and unavoidable are these dis- 
turbances that the inquiry into the lunar dis- 
turbance of gravity has been given up.. No 
depth can be found at which a recording instru- 
ment can be placed so as to escape their effect. 
The round earth pants, in fact, like a breathing 
being, under changes always going on above her. 

Pebble-loaded water exerts an astonishing 
erosive power. In one hydraulic mine a peb- 
ble-loaded stream, working eight months in a 
year, has in four years cut a channel in solid 
slate rock 3 ft, wide and 50 ft. deep, according 
to Packard. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 6, 1885 

Table of Highest and Lowest Sales in 
S. F. Stock Exchange 

ire-it i Weed I WeeK 
Name of i e^iihr 1 Ending! Ending 

Company. 0l . c 14 










Boat 4 Belcher 








Back Hawk 

Bodie Tunnel 




O hallenge 



Con Imperial 

Oou Virginia, 

Crown Point 




Con Pacilic 



E. Mt. Diablo 

Eureka Con 

Eureka Tunnel 



Grand Prize 

Golden Gate 


Gould & Curry 

Uilefc Norcro33... 
' Head Center 







Kentuck • 


Lady Bryan 

Lady Wash 


Leeds ■•• 


Martin White 




Mt. Diablo 

Mt. Potosi 


New York 

Northern Belle.... 

North Noonday... 


North Belle Isle. . , 



Original Keystone. 






Queen Bee 

South Bulwer..... 


Seg Belcher 

Sierra Nevada.... 


Silver King 




Solid Silver 


South Nevada. . . . 


Tioga Con 



Union Con 




Yellow Jacket. , . . 


2} : 


i'ao ' 


i'.io 4-5" 
75c y 


Dec 21. Dec 3S. 

... 1.10 
25c 40c 
60c 70c 
2.50 2. SI 

2. Of 


.Ian 4. 

20c 30c 
55c 65 
2.7U 3.10 
30c 35c 

L95 '"2 

1.80 4.10 
60c 1 

i.45 1.65 
85c l.OO 

60c '65c 
1 1.40 

1.20 1.55 

55c 60c 
1.15 1.30 

2.65 2.85 
1.20 1.60 


5c 10c 
.40 2. St 
120 1.45 

1.85 4.20 
60c 1.00 


Compiled every Thursday from Advertisements in I»h^n7scientinc Press and other S. F. Journals 


Location. No. 

Amt. Levied. Dblinq'nt. Sale. Sbcrbtaky. 

Nevada 25 

Nevada 6 

Nevada 18 

Nevada 11 

Nevada 2 1 

California 1 

Nevada 37 

California 6 

California 7 

California 7 

Nevada 5 

Nevada 4 

Nevada 43 

California- 13 

Nevada 10 

Nevada 55 

Nevada 42 

Best & Belche r M Co 
Cal : fornia M Co 
Con Imperial m Co 
Da y a M Co 
Giand Prize MCo 
Grand View Con M Co 
Justice M Co 
Napoleon M Co 
Noonday M Co 
N Noonday M Co 
North Belle Isle M Co 
N Gould & Curry S M Co 
Ophir S M Co 
Oro M Co 
Potoai M Co 
Sierra Nevada S M CO 


1.05 1.2Q 



90c 1.15 

40c 50c 
70c 75c 

3.90 4.15 

35 4 

92 10 

Ci 6fi 

1.10 1.35 

2.95 3.40 


3.30 3.55 

'.'.'.'. "ioj 

1.65 1.90 

15c 20c 

2.65 2.85 

5.85 4.L0 

LOO 1.15 

Acme M&MCo 
Atlantic Con M Co 
Aurora M Co 
Betty O'Neal M Co 
Con Amador M Co 
Kiotraoht Gravel M Co 
Fata Euena Con S M Co 
1 air Villa M Co 
Goodehaw M Co 
Horseshoe M Co 
Harrington M Co 
]\To mmental T & M Co 
Mono Like H M Co 
Mount Auburn G M Co 
New Coso M Co 
Oro M & M Co 
Pittsburg G M Co 
Puget Sound Iron Co 
Real del Monte MCo 
Red Cloud Con M Co 
Red Hill HM&.W Co 
Santa Anita M & M Co 
Steptoe Con M Co 
Uocas M Co 
Young America South M Co 

Namb op Company. 

Albion Con M Co 
Argenta M Co 
Bullion M Co 
California MCo 
Con VirciniaM Co 
Grand Prize M Co 
Iowa M Co 
Leviathan M Co 
Mountain < 3 & R M Co 
Miirijiosa L & M Co 
Rex MoitisM Co 
Silver King M Co 
South HiteGMCo 

California 6 

Nevada 5 

California 4 

Nevada 4 

California 4 

California 11 

Nevada 7 

Arizona 3 

California 13 

Arizona 3 

California 4 

Ne vada 4 

California 1" 

California 9 

California 15 

Arizona 2 

California 15 

Wash Ter 3 

Nevad a 16 

California 11 

California 7 

California 5 

Nevada 2 

California 1 

Nevada 1 


Nov 18 


Nov 21 


Jan 3 


Nov 10 


Nov 9 


Dec 16 


Oct 18 


Nov 16 

1 rji 

Dec 2 

1 00 

Dec 2 


Nov 29 



1 00 

Dec 27 


Nov 11 


Nov 22 

1 nn 

Dec 8 

1 00 

Dec 7 


Nov 20 




Nov 23 


Nov 17 


Dec 21 


Dec 12 

1 00 

Nov 3 


Dec 11 


Oct 24 


Dec 27 


Dec 6 


Nov 15 


Nov 16 


Dec 5 


Dec 13 


Dec 28 


Nov 29 


Oct 31 


Nov 17 

2 00 

Dec 2 


Dec 5 

f!2?r Nov 10 


Nov 13 


Aug 31 


Dec 26 

Dec 22 
Dec 20 
Feb 8 
Dec 19 
Dec 15 
Feb I* 
Dec 13 

Dec 19 
Jan 12 
Jan 10 
Jan 3 
Jan 12 
Jan 31 
Jan 19 
Dec 27 
Jan 11 
Jan 15 

Jan 11 

Jan 2 6 

Mar 1 

Jan 15 

Jan 10 

Mar 14 

Jan 6 

Jan 6 


Feb 5 

Jan 23 

Feb 2 

Feb 20 

Feb 10 

Jan 17 

Jan 30 

Feb 5 

W Willis 
C P Gordon 
W E Dean 
E M flail 
E M Hall 
W H Peufleld 
R E Kelley 
H Smith 
W J Taylor 
W J Taylor 
J WPew 
C H Ma 1 on. 
C L McCoy 
W Stuart 
W E Dean 
E L Parker, 
G C Piatt. 

Placb op Business 

309 Montgomery st 
309 Montgomery st 

308 Montgomery st 
327 Pine st 
32? Pine at 

106 Leidesdorff st 

41 & California st 

307 Montgomery st 

310 Pine st 

310 Pine fit 

310 Pine st 

331 MontijOmeiy st 

309 M ontgomery st 
320 Sanaomest 

309 Montgomery st 
309 Montgomery Bt 
309 Montgomery fit 


The following is mostly condensed from journals pub- 
lished in the interior, in proximity to the mines mentioned. 

Jan 29 
Dec 22 
Dec 20 
Jan 26 
Jan II 
Jan 17 
Dec 20 
Feb 2 
Jan 9 
Dec 18 
Jan 1 6 
Jan 9 
Jan 19 
Feb '3 
Jan 3 
Dec 11 
Dec 20 
Jan 10 
Jan 6 
Dec IS 
Dec 21 
Dec 26 
Jan 30 

Jan 15 
Feb 19 
Jan 20 
Jan 10 
Feb 10 
■Feb 7 
Feb 10 
Feb 5 
Jan 9 
Feb 23 
Jan 31 

Jan 8 
Feb 10 
Jan 26 
Feb 7 
Feb 27 
Jan 24 
Jail 11 


Feb 5 
Jan 31 

Jan 8 
Jan 12 
dan 17 
Feb 20 

J M Buffi ngton 
D Wilder 
P Conklin 
R W Heath 
F B Latham 
H Kunz 
R N BrookB 
J H Rayre 
C C Ha-vey 
J H Sayre 
O C Miller 
D B Chisholm 
.T Elbert 
(J A Jame3 
DB Chisholm 
J L Fields 
R Wegener 
A H'lsey 
CVD Hubbard 
W J Taylor 
E HesfcreR 
J M Bumngton 
J E Damon 
C E Gil'ett 
E M Hall 

309 California at 

323 Montgomery st 

585 Market at 

31SPlue »t 

310 Pine at 

209 Sansome st 

509 Sacramento tt 

330 Pine st 

309 California st 

330 Pine st 

409 California st 

327 Finest 

331 Montgomery Bt 

402 Montgomery st 

327 Pine st 

309 Montgomery st 

4'4 California st 

328 Montgomery st 

310 Finest 

310 P,ne st 

328 Montgomery Bt 

309 California £t 

436 Montgomery at 

303 Montgomery fit 

327 Pine at 



Nevad a 




Secretary - . 

D B Chisholm 
E M Hall 
J M Brazell 
C P Gordon 
A W Havens 
E M Hall 
C C Leavitt • 
E B Smith 
B E Henrick^eo 
S Hevdenfeldt 
E A Heron 
J Nash 
F A Berlin 


327 Pine sfc 

320 Pine st 

32S Montgomery st 

309 Montgomery st 

307 Montgomery st 

327 Pine st 

510 Battery at 

330 Pine st 

213 Mission st 

309 Montgomery st 

421 California st 

323 Montgomery st 

420 Montgomery st 




72 8 

.... 20c 

1.20 13 

1,65 1.80 

3.65 4 
1.70 1.90 




Name op Company. 
Bodie Con M Co 
Bulwer Con M Co 
Contention Con M Co 
Navajo M Co 
Northern Belle M & M Co 
Pleasant Valley M Co 
Silver King M Co 
Standard Con M Co 

Location. Secretary. 

Cah'fornia G W Sesaiona 

California W Willis 
Arizona D C Bates 
Nevada J W Pew 
Wm Willis 

California C E Elliot 

Arizona J Nash 

California Wm Willis 

Office in S. F. 

309 Montgomery st 

309 Montgomery st 

309 Montgomery st 

310 Fine at 

309 Montgomery at 

3?7 Pine bt 

315 Cali forniast 

309 Montgomery st 



Jan 10 
Jan 8 
Jan 11 
Jan 17 
.Ian 11 
Jan 19 
Jan 10 
Jan 8 
Jan 9 
Jan 8 


Nov 15 
Jan 12 
Nov 23 
Deo 13 


Dec 15 
Jan 12 

3 3.35 
1.55 13 

Sales at S. F. Stock Exchange. 

Thursday A. M., .T 

140 Alpha 

70 Albion 

109 Amies. 

70 B& Belcher 3.90 

25 Bodie IS' 

100 Bodie Tonuel 40c 

250 Bullion 1 

50 California 25c 

853 Chollar 1.10 

100 Crown Point 75c 

160 Day 40c 

210 Gould b Curry. .. , " 
500 Grand Prize 

5(0 Hub- ft Nor 1.05 

390 M White 3 

4S0 Mexican 3@3.05 

50 Northern Belle T" 

480Oj)hir 1.75(?n. 

275 Poto3l U 

400 Sierra Nevada. 2.60Q*2. 65 
70 Utah 1.65 

155 Union .3.10(^3.15 


103 Aruenta 

■ Ubion 2.80@2.85 

140 Alta lC@15c 

120 Bodie 1.95 

259 Bodie Tunnel 45c 

100 Belle l3le 45c 

400 Bullion 95c 

100 B& Belcher 3.95 

1050 Chollar 1.15@1.20 

45 Con Virginia 50o 

BOO Elko C 10c 

200 Eureka Tunuel 75c 

100 Grand Pnze 30c 

2<0 Gould & Curry. 1.80@1. 85 

310 Hale&Nor 1. 10 

550 Jackson 15c 

30 Mt Diablo 4 

lOMWhite 3 

350 Mexican 3@3.05 

100 Northern Belle 9£ 

1010 N Belle Is 45c 

450 Navajo ?i'<*S3 

200 Oro 10c 

250 Opbii 1.80@1.85 

180 Potosi 1.10@1.15 

S7 S Nevada 2@2.60 

5 Union 3.10 

200 Wales 20c 

Bullion Shipments. 

We quote shipments since our last, and shall 
be pleased to receive further reports : 

Christy, Dec. 27, $2,358; Northern Belle, 27, 

S8.SS8; Cnristy. 30, £4 902; Nivajo, Jan. 2, 

jl6,'000; Star, Dae. 29. §1,263; Bodie Con., Jan. 

IS; Standard, Dec. 24, S15.S69; Con. 

Virginia. 30, ©1.901; California, 30, 82,447; 

Yellow Jacket, 30, §8,125; Tiptop, Jan. 2, §20.- 

000; Hanauer, Dec. 2S. 82.450; CreBcent, 28, 

. Clormania, 2S, §1,540; Horn Silver, 2S, 

i; Fresno, 2S, S3 95S; Ballionville, 2S, 

$8 959; Horn Silver, 30, §15,000; Gerrnrnia, 30, 

; Hanauer, 30, 82,450; Horn Silver, 30, 

.1)0; Ballionville 30, $12,446., 

Three important test wells are nearly com- 
pleted in the Forest county, Pennsylvania, re* 
gion of the oil field, on which hinges the course 
of the petr oleum market. 

Leon Gambetta, the most prominent French- 
man of the day, died on the 3d ult. The physi- 
cians who attended Gambetta state that his 
death was due to pyemia, caused by suppressed 
erysipelas. A clot of blood formed in his heart 
and bu (located him. 

Mining Share Market. 

It is not only in San Francisco that the min- 
ing stock business ia dull. The New York Mining 
and Financial News says: "It is at preBeni 
practically impossible to borrow money on any 
kind of mining stock, no matter how gilt-edged 
it may be. The business lags, the brokers are 
disheartened, the public is disgusted and the 
promoters' are investing their ill-gotten gains 
in the names of their wives and beyond the 
reach of the law." 

Unless some good development occurs before 
long on the Comstock the bottom will drop out 
of the mining Btock businesB in thiB city. Still 
at Virginia miners are hopeful. Next week 
the joint Ophir and Mexican winze will reach 
the 3100 level. It will require about two weeks 
to sink a suitable Bump. When this has been 
completed croascutting the vein at the 3100 
level will be commenced at once. This level 
(the deepest on the lode and the deepest mining 
excavation on the continent) will henceforward 
be a point of great interest. Another point of 
interest to all mining men is the east crosscut 
just started from the joint Sierra Nevada and 
Union Con. widzq at the 2900 level. This is 
going toward 'very promising ground. The 
eaat crosscut on the same level near the Mexican 
and Union Con. line will also soon reach a point 
where ore may be expected. It is being ex- 
tended at the rate of 20 ft. per week. Next 
week the work of changing the pumps at the 
Union shaft will be commenced. The old pumps 
will be taken off their foundations and the new 
and larger ones put in their place. It will not 
be necestiary to move the pump column. During 
the time when this change of pumps is being 
made all prospecting operatious will go ahead as 
at present. 

The joint Savage and Hale & Norcrosa drift, 
now into the ground of the latttr company a 
distance of 80 ft., haa cut into qnartz carrying 
some mttil. The quartz is of 1* favorable ap- 

Pats. — The silver lead of the Richmond Cm. 
mine, Eureka district, yield from 1S71 to De- 
cember 31, 18S0, aggregated 50,564 tone, whose 
assay value in gold and ailver footed up $20,- 
425,600, and the value of the 50,000 and odd 
tons of refiued lead, produced at the refinery 
up to the latter date, produced in round num- 
bers §4,400,000, which, added to the precious 
metal values, gives the grand total sum of S24,- 
S25.C00. Out of this vast product the company 
have disbursed nearly §4,000,000 in quarterly 
dividends, besides paying vast sums for litiga- 
tion and for the purchase and construction of 
the magnificent refinery plant, and for the pur- 
chase of additional locations. 

Recent Contributions to the California 
State Mining Bureau. 

[Furnished f or publication in the MlK ISO AND Si tBNTU " 
Press by Henry G. Hanks, State Mineralogist.] 


4443. Cassia Undatus— Soutb seaa. 

4444. Conus Sp. (:)— Japan. 
4145. Strombus KntomaniH (Lion )- Japan. 
4443. Cunus Mustalinas (?)— Japan. 
4447. Pecteu Sp. (.'(—Japan. 
4143. Patella Nigro-Lineata -Japan. 
4449. Salt— Owens River valley, Inyo county, Cal., between 

Bishop Creek and Big Pine. Said to occur in large quantity. 
J. H. Stoutenborough. 
■4450. Clay Slats with Crystal of An lalusite, imbedded— 
SaeJJo. 1795. 1-VeBno county, Ca'. Mrs. A E Lush 

4151. Variegated Sandstone-X 'ar Buchanan Coppermine, 
Fie-no county, Cat Mrs. A E. Bu?h. 

4432. Calcite. Iceland Spar. Carbonate of Lime— Saata 
Clara county. Cal. Mrs. A. E. Bmh. 

Hoi. Aunfer us Quartz with Ca'.cite, also auriferous- 
Star mine, n^ar Mud Springs, El Dorado county, Cal. C. 
J. Pdabury. 

Some small specimens brought to the Mining Bureau from 
the same locality were wholly calcite. in which free gold was 
imbedded, which led to the impression that the whole fis- 
sure was fibed with that mineral. This specimen ebowa this 
to be a mistake. The occurrence of calcite in mineral veins 
is not uncommon. Th9 gold in this mine is light colored, 
from being alloyed with silver — elect rum— this and the 
preseuce ot calcice slmws a mineral vein unlike the ommon 
quartz ledges ot th« State, iudiciting stiver and other miner- 
als ai a greater depth. 

4454. Molybdenite— South Fork of the Kings river, Fresno 
county, Cal., 55 miles northeast of ViBaua. Dr. S. G. 

4455. Cinnabar with Me tacinnabarite— Bonanza mine, 
Douglass county, 0*;n, John Winteibum. 

44r>t>. Cuprite with taMve copper— Tunity county, Cal. 
See No. 4223. * William Ayi-s. 

4157. Copper Ore, principally nhalcoiiy rite -Old Hat dls- 
tr.ct, Pinal county, Arizona. Wil iain Clarice. 

4I5S. Molybdenite, Sulphide of Molybdenum, with chalco- 
pyrite— Old Hat district, Pinal county, Arizona. William 

4459. Slickensider— Polished surface caused by movement 
of the walls of a mine or formation. ■ Old Hat district, Pinal 
county, Arizona William Clarke. 

4460. Molybdenite, Sulphide of Molybdenum— Mammoth 
mine. Baker county, Ogu. John Leary. 

4461. Copper Ore— Buchanan mine, Freano county. Cal. 
Mis: A. E. Bush. 

4462. Wall Rock, Slate— Sinta Annita miue, near the 
Washington mine, Poorman's creek, Nevada county, Cal. 
F. Sletcher. 

4463. Vein Matter— Santa Annita mine, Poorman's creek, 
Nevada county, Cal. F. Sletcher. 

4464. Asbestns— Bear valley, Mariposa, county. Cal. Ed- 
ward M. Pi ice. 

4465. Selenite, Gypsum— Bear valley, Mariposa county, 
Cal. Deposit two feel- thick. Edward M. Price. 

4166 Ca'cireous Tufa, Formation sprincs— Soda spriogg, 
Bear river, Idaho. There are five specimens formed on 
blade3 of grass and other vegetable matter which remains in 
tbem, showing the mode of dep isit, For a detailed account 
of » his remarkable locality with eugraving of the springs, 
see ' Geologic*! aud Geographical Survey of the Territories 
of Idaho and Wyoming," Hnydeo. 1S77. Fob 593. See also 
"Fremont's First ajd Second Expeditions," 1S42-3-4. Folio 
13S. Presented by Peter Decker. 

Nothing has resulted from recent investiga- 
tions at Dublin Castle, and the police are ap- 
parently as far as ever from the track of the 
murderers. Westgate, who was bronght back 
from Jamaica at no little expense, is simply a 
half-insane impostor, whom there is no law to 

Rheumatism, disordered blood, general debility and 
many chronic di3eases pronouueed incurable, are often 
cur<.-d bj Brown's Iron Bitters. 



ISABBLuE.— Monitor- Argus , Dec. 29: In our last issue 
speaking of the Isabelle G. & S M. Cj. , we erred in stating 
tliatore is being taken from a depth of 40 ft below the tun- 
nel level, but should have read that the shaft was down 40 
ft under that level. The shaft is now sunk 60 ft below that 
level, and it is the intention to sink another 50 ft before 
drilling, making 24S ft from the surface. Since our last 
iBsue the mill has been started up; alto the hoisting 
works at the Stella mine. 


GOuD. — Amador Sentinel, Dec 27: D. Fulcher and the 
BartleU Bros, shipped on Saturday to San Francisco 
nearly 81,900 in gold dust, the product of their giavel 
ciaim at Slabtown. This looks as though Amador county 
placers were not yet played out. 

Jackson.— Amador Ledger, Dec. 29: Messrs. Peck and 
Smith arrived in Jackaun the middle of last week to make 
personal investigation aud inquiries concerning the con- 
dition of this mine. The water was hauled out the same 
day, and the parties went down the shaft and viewed the 
ledge from whence the rich ore, studded with fre« gold, 
was extracted the week before. A quantity of the ore 
was put in a sack and sent below for the inspection of 
parties there. It 13 Baid that F. M. Blown, formerly 
BUperintendent of the Amador canal, but now of San 
Francisco, and who has amassed considerable wealth 
Biuce leaving Amador county by fortunate mining ven- 
tures in Colorado, has Borne thought of embarking, in this 
propeity. After the Bpasm of activity, the mine fell back 
to its previous condition, under attachment, and in 
charge of the Sheriff. 

Miscellaneous. — The Amador Con. has levied an as- 
sessment of 50 centB per-share, delinquent January 26th. 
W. A. NevillB, who, for several momhs past, has been 
working on the Spanish Gulch or Mammoth quartz mine, 
near Middle Bar, has taken out some very rich ore, and, 
from all accounts, he is still in quartz of high grade. 
There jb a lu-siamp mill on the property, hut it bas not 
been Btaried yet. It is expected to be put in motion 
shortly, and there is abundance of rock to beep it run- 
ning. Bartlett's gravel claim at Slabtown is turning out 
well. A partial clean-up was made lately which proved 
highly flittering. The auriferous ground will require two 
or three years to work out. 


Notes.— Mountain Democrat, Dec. 29: Last Saturday 
J. E. Lyon brought down a couple of "goose eggs," the 
reault of a Ifi-aays run at his Mount Hope mine, near 
Grizzly Flat. The 'two weighed a fraction over 16A lbs, and 
were worth about §3,150. This was the third cltan-up at 
the Mount Hope since the new 10-stamp mill was put up. 
The mine is pajing about S5,000 pe r month over and 
above expenses. The mills now in operation at Grizzly Flat 
and vicinity are regularly turning out upwards of $40,000 
per month. A short time ago 450 lbs of ore from the 
Alhambra mine, Kuisey township, owned by R H. Dedd, 
J. (J. A. Ballard & C. H. Weatherwax, of this city, was 
seuv to Prof. J bourns Price, of San Francisco, to be tested. 
List week the Professor's return was received, Bhowing a 
yield of §2 300, or a fraction over §5 a pound, §10,000 per 

A Rich Goiter Mine.— W. H. Keefer, the indefatigable 
and peraiB'tent prospector, came over from Georgetown, 
and has been in Placerville several days, and at Alden's 
drug store he has deposited a considerable lot of fine cop- 
per ore takeu from a ledge near Garden Valley, which he 
i eceutly discovered and has partially developed, of 
which he, E. H. Watson, of Georgetown, and others are 
the owners. He exhibits samples of high-grade sul- 
phureted ore, of which be reportB a solid ledge 4 ft in 
thickness. Contiguous to this, next to the foot-wall, is 
an lS-inch vein of loose "peacock" ore, which can be free- 
ly shoveled up without blasting or pickine, and which ia 
even richer than the main ledge. Next to the hanging 
wall is a large ledge of quartz, freely interspersed with 
copper ore, from which alBO a good proBpect in gold is ob- 
tained. His location embraces 3,000 ft adjacent to the 
old Isbell mine, and is in the close vicinity of the once 
famous St. Lawrence. He haa sunk a Bhaft about 47 ft, 
has struck the water level, and the ledge has every ap- 
pearance of being large, permanent and valuable. 

A Fixe Nugget — Seth Loveless, on his last trip down 
from ConBumnes township, brought with him a handsome 
nugget, weighing a fraction over 2 oza, recently taken out 
of his claim, near Brownsville, by Capt. G. S. Claghorn, 
who has taken out many of similar size during the past 


Southern Into.— Cor. Independent, Dec. 80: The burn- 
ing of the Pauamiat mill on ihe evening of the 19th was 
a serious disaster to thiB section. The mill had just com- 
pleted a most successful run of about 6 weeks, the reoult 
of which had been estimated at nearly $30,000, all denot- 
ing the prosperity of the camp, when fortune, turning at 
its 1! "id-Mile, destroys the mill, and for a time checks the 
progress of a company who were aiding much toward the 
prosperity of Inyo. However, as one camp meets with a 
reverse, others are coming forward to sustain the busi- 
ness of the county. 

Sherman District — ThiB district is still moving ahead, 
and the camp, now called Reilly, presents a lively appear- 
ance. Some 60 men are employed in and about the mines, 
grading for the mill and erecting buildings. A store, 36 
by 54 ft, and 1^ stories high, is beine erected. Two in- 
clines are being run on the Bonanza King, and below the 
mine a working tunnel. The lowest depth reached by 
the main incline is about 130 ft. The company has sev- 
eral men at work upon trnee other mines — the Natolia, 
South Point and North Star— with the object of putting 
them in working order. The history of these mines, al- 
though brief, by no means lacks interest. They were lo- 
cated, in 1875, by the Wibbett brothers, who held posses- 
sion of tbem and did sufficient work upon the various 
min^s to show that they possessed the merit of having a 
rich class of ores. At various times they had ore worked 
that yielded some 25u ozs or more per ton. This, after a 
time, attracted the attention of -Mr. John Ely, who placed 
them, undeveloped as they were, before the Eastern mar- 
ket. In the early part of last spring Mr. Edward Keilly, 
of New York, made an examination of the mines, and, un- 
developed as they were, concluded to take them, some 6 
in number. Mr. Reilly visited the mine in October, and 
immediately ordered the erection of a 10-stamp mill, and 
upon his reUrn to New Yoik took steps leading tc the 
organization of a company. A few months more and the 
sound of stamps, now hushed at Panamiot, wil! be awak- 
ened across the valley, and in time others will be added 

Doings at Otuer Camps.— At Snow's canyon Hunter's 
pack train is delivering wood to the mill. As Boon as 
enough is accumulated the mill will start on a run of 
some 250 tons of gold ore. At Lookout Fitzgerald started 
up his furnace on a run of some 250 tons of ore, and meet- 
ing with an accident was compelled to ciose down and or- 
der some new water jackets, which will soon arrive, when 
he will resume smelting. Cbloriders and miners about 
Darwin are actively at work, and the approaching year 
bids fair for a season of prosperity. 


The MunciiiE Mink.— Nevada Transcript, Dec. 27: The 
Murchie mine ia looking splendidly, the ore deposits 
never having made a more encouraging appearance. Next 
week the work of adding S more stamps to those already 
in use will be begun. 

New Hoisting Works. — Lawrence & Barlow, the con- 
tractors, have a good start on the building for the new 
water-power hoisting and pumping machinery at the 

January 6, 18S3.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

Sherman Cor. mine They expect to have ever 
readiness tfitnio about 30 day*, ac which time the Booth 
Tuba Company contempUle ifct? ink' water down to them 
ria the Quaker Hill ditch BO* being >nolrueled. 


Fusswr Hill Cor. Placer Urrald, Dec. 89: Our mines 
■eem to htvo caught the lofi * tuple, the 

Paragon, which a vear ago employed 40 men, 
ifives cmplotmetit to The NapoUon, iu which SO 

earned their -Inly bread, shut do* D twj months ago. or 
rather the men quit work, aa nearly two months' pay waa 
due them. It looke doubtful whether It will be started 
again. TheM«)!l.w c r and Dardanelles are waiting for 
water, but thauka to the owners of the Missouri tunnel. 
Excelsior shaft and the Imperial flume at BhirtTmUfoi 
their patience snd perse ver-iiice. That their eff »nu may be 
crowned with auccots is the sincere wish ol all in our 
community. The tinker Divide mine deserves huuorablu 


B*T biar« *np 8tka»'h..'ai Minn. Greeni 
Dec. B: These dsJaiS were formerly known a* the Yellow 
Jacket and White lodges, and for a lung limn after first 
being located nothing wu done oponlkrai* Du 

fiaet season the prevent owners have put down about To* 
I of shaft and tun 100 ft of tunnol and drilti At iht 
surface the ore from both of the ledges pros] 
llttb. The tunnel now being run was started 
mountain side below the shaft, and will strike the ledge 
at a depth of SL6 ft from the surface. Every '■'■': It Ol tun- 
nel gives 2 ft of backs, the grom d being v L ry steep Mw 
same p,irtie* own the Monumental claim In the ai>me lo- 
cality. Thie they have a so l>:en Opening up by both a 
tunnel and shaft. The latter has au ut 30 ft yet to run 
before It will strike the ledge. The ore In the shift pros- 
pects v*ry well, the gold being distributed evenly 
through the rook. 

liRAMTi Bamx.— Cor. PlUIliii 
present tluro is but little Del g done, but we think 
within the next 12 months our li . a camp will have more 
quartz mines run* ing than havi- been worked for years. 
All work has oeen suspended for the winter, aside from a 
little prospecting or assessment work, and many have 
gone out to spend the winter, with the intention of re- 
turning In the early spring. There are three families who 
Intent! to winter in the Basin and Bl |0J the ' beautiful 
enow." A few weeks ago the miners ol the Basin, pursu- 
ant to a call, assembled together and organized ■ mining 
district, '■ bj 7 mdos square, the name of the district be- 
ing "Granite Busln Mining District " They aleo adopted 
a set of district mining laws and elected a Recorder. 
Hereafter all claims located in the district will be re- 
corded upon -he records of this district as thty should 
be. A copy of the mining laws of Calistoga mining dis- 
trict was submitted and adopted with but a portion of 
one section left out. A. Davidson was elected Recorder. 
Although times are dull just at present, wo think the out- 
look for the near future is very fivorable, and that our 
little Basin wilt soon be one of the successful quart £ min- 
ing camps of California. The process heretofore lined in 
this locality has not been In any way adapted to the 
quartz of this district. Parties who came here last Au- 
gust thoroughly examined the quartz, and satisfied them- 
selves that by milling the rock with the proper process 
for saving the metal, good results, and in paying quanti- 
ties, could be obtained; alao claiming to have a process to 
work the ore successfully. About the Ut of September 
last Davidson and Lyon bought miniug property here, 
and since that time have been engaged In fixing up ma- 
chinery preparatory to making a sturt towards testing the 
mines and the process by which tbey intend to work the 
rock of this district. 

Meadow Valley,— Cor. Plumas National, Dec. 30: 
Everything in this locality is Blow. The winter has been 
favorable, but nothing to do since the Monte Ch islo min- 
ing company was sold out, and times have been close. J. 
A. Edmau Jc Co. are closed up for the winter. Hanson & 
Andrusare runniog a tunnel upon the southeast ex ten- 
sion, and Bill Smith is prospecting the northwest exten- 
sion of the Kdman ledge. Meadow Valley is as usual, 
some improvements going on and others in contempla- 
tion. K. Jacks is rehi i ding his taw-mill, Several resi- 
dences have been e reel d on the road-ide between Meadow 
Valtey and Spanish Kancli. Silver Creel: mining is closed 
for the winter. The P. M. & W. Co. are in readiness for 
water, and have everything complete for G big and long 
run, should the elements fun ish the necessary power. 
The Orr company has been running, ho 1 am informed. 
Reports from the river are that times are dull— all, with 
few exceptions, laid up for winter. How different it 
might be if tome of our selfish montyed men would ouly 
organize a company on purely business p iocipks and 
build a narrow-gauge railroad up said river from Orot il.e 
to Qulncy. 1 1 stead of Baying, "L&id up for win'er," busi- 
ness would flourish the year round, and all the bars, flits, 
etc., on the entire route would be decked with cottage 
homes and orchardB, and instead of less than 100 inhabi- 
tants, one or more thousand would be there, and then the 
untold thousands that reman in the deep and back chan- 
nels could have machinery placed upon them to advan- 
tage, and fortunes could again be made. Besides, it is 
the on'y true and feasible route over the Sierra?. 


loo.— Shasta Courier, Dec. 30: E. L. Ballou, aa well as 
Crum & Hubbard, are running araatros and making for 
themselves -a good Bum for a rainy day. Their mines have 
paid well, and they are satisfied with the outlook. At 
the Bullion mine, owned by Robinson BroB., everything 
was working well, and, as a result of good financial re- 
turns, the boys were all happy. Heuniken & Co., at the 
Continental, are doing good work and receiving good re- 
turns, haviDg plenty of good pajing ore on hand. While 
at Cooper's mine the filthy lucre was being extracted 
from the earth in quantities that remunerate its owner 
eatisfactotily for lime and effort expended. These mines 
are not what are termed bonanza mines, bub are like 
many others in the counij', paying very good wagea for 
effort put forth, and giving to their owners by gradual 
accumulation sufficient returns to enable them to live at 
ease in after years. 


Forest Cnv.— Sierra county Tribune, Dec. 23: The 
Bald Mountain company is working the usual number of 
men. Gravel that prospects $2.30 to the car was struck 
last week in a tunnel ruuning west from Lowtli avenue 
This development will result in the company opening out 
a large piece of ground in a quarter where such a pros- 
pect was not expected. The Ruby mine continues to pay 
well, and is being opened out so that a large crew of men 
can be put at work next spring. The Extension company 
are prosecuting work in their usual energetic manner, 
and are very confident in reaching pay a^ain soon. The 
Arizona company, composed principally of Forest City 
gentlemen, feel jubilant over the late dec.sion rendered 
in their f*vor by the Supreme Court. If the caae reBts 
where it is, the company propose to begin work earlv in 
the Bpring. 

Clilfps' Flat.— The Rainbow mine is in full blast sind is 
doing well. Some §90.000 has been expended by the com- 
pany this summer in making outside improvements and 
in developing the mine. The hoiBting works are no 
longer used, hut the entire work of the mine is now cai- 
ried on through the new tunnel. At the entrance of this 
tunnel there have been erected a rlackamith shop and a 
dump house. Ore is transported from here to the mill by 
a Halliday tramway. The company intends sinking on 
the ledge from the new tunnel aoon. A Corliss engine 
and Bteain pump that is to be used for that purpose is al- 
ready at the mine. The Rainbow has yielded about $270,- 
000 in bullion during the past year, which is not a bad 
showing by any means for a tew mine. The wiiter is un- 
der obligations to Supt. L. Irwin for favors. 

Alleghany.— But few changes have occurred at Alle- 
ghany during the paat Bummer. Our friends are aiill 
there awaiting the development of a "mining boom," 
which they anticipate will come ere another year rolls 
around. The Golden Gate mine ia atill ljing idle, with 
but little prospecta of starling up very soon. It was ex- 
pected that work would be resumed on the Harlem mine 

during the summer, but fur some reason it was not 

iber has really found a bonanza in a quartz 

I i! mouths he ba« been prospectlug the 

ledge, and from nearly the first found the iuo»t favorable 

I to fen Francisco 

."pert- m Mr. lluuber has considerable more 

Ol the Dime kind ol rock On the dump. T. II 

also prospecting a ledge 

something worth owning, The Bockej 

. Mcssrr. Huckleburg, PutOD fit LUrnhart, hat 

thin year. Prom will A. Hanly, who 
Golden Star uiitt mine leased, we learn that ■> 1 
blue gravel was recently em- mute-red in that cla'm that 
promises to dc 1 .. .nbl>. 

. I ■■ 
ble mining imp, Sam 

Ireland is \ignroua'y pushing his bedrock tunnel ahead 

to prospect his quart/ li 

same as Ralnbjw, n > .s [o 900 ft. An Air lunnel la being 

put in a i ft will require abunt four 

months 1 time. This will be thru extended 160 U further 

to tap a second ledge, parallel with tin- Qmt, 1 

ago Mr In OUt with a hand mortar fci.OOO 

fiorn his rich quart* Near by, In fnrlj days, 85,000 «:v? 

Ukcn out of one shaft, and fmiu another 

I discounting this, as he patient I 
nuuou dividends. Hay the New you bi 

impany, ,M Poet, 

rlntondent, employ "• men, doing very well tbii 

prospecta for Ihe future, w. w. 

1 1 1. mi suit bedrock with hia tunuel, and 

ike through Into gravel any mlante. a bedrock 

aval claim. Plum- 

are not being worked at 

prudent. A tunnel is being run on the Follows' quarts 

owned by Hasten capitalists. 

HlxlCAt?.— Kni. pn , Deo, 80: Good headway is being 
made in the j >nu Union Consolidated coat crosscut it 
will be advanced some 20 ft this week, as yel no Bp clal 
change of tn.itLii J has been noted. Ihe joint Ophir winze 
is now within a few feet of the IUU0 level. It will reach 
said level nex'. week. Y-sterday quartz was again com- 
ing In at tin b ittom, showing the lump of porphyry 
cncounteied two or three days ago was a bowlder. 

Hai.k ami NoBCROSS — The joint Savage drift on the 
2000 level i4 ina ui-iUince of SO ft. The face is in a mix- 
ture of quartz and porphyry, which carries a small 
amount of metal. The ground is soft, and requires to Ijj 
closely timbered. Sir CO striking the qaar'z there has 
beep, a B'ijht Increase of wattr; however, adrain hue been 
cui, thudraiu boxes arc all in, and the water doeB not in- 
terfere with the operations of the workmen. 

Savage.— The joint Hale and Norcross drift on the 'ib'OO 
level is now <_iut some BO ft In llule and NorcroeB ground 
Day h; ine yesterday a considerable amount of quartz of 
good appearance, and: cirrj ing some metal, maoe its an 
pearance in the face. This ground is soft, and requires 
to ba closely timbered. When the quartz came itbrought 
in a slight increase of water. The drift will be pushed 
ahead to the Savage line as rapidly as possible. 

Si ri. i. \ Nkvada. — A new east crojscut joint with Union 
Consolidated has been started on the 21100 level. The 
east crosscut on the nTuO level ia out some SO ft. From 
this point it will probably be necessary to keep a hole 
drilled ahead, in order to guard nga ; nst water. The 
winze from the 2300 down to the 2i00 level is being over- 
hauled and repaired. 

California.— Work at the face of ihe joint Consoli- 
dated Virginia southeast drift has been discontinued, in 
order to cut a drain and properly timber up. Some very 
promising streaks of quartz, that carry metal, have made 
their appearance in the face of ihe drift. The work of 
overhauling the machinery and apparatus at the C. and C. 
shaft it* about completed. 

Consolidated Virginia. — The southeast drift on the 
2700 level, joint with California, ia bt ing timbered up and 
a drain is being cut iu the bottom. Streaka of (,uartz that 
yield assays have made their appearance in the face of 
the drift. Toe suiface machinery at the C. and C shaft 
is being overhauled, and will be iu good repair by the 
first of next week. 

Opuik. — The mhia south drift on the 2900 level has 
crotsed the iiorlh lino of the California ground. The 
j'dnt il- xican winze will reach the 3100 level next week. 
After ha\ ing p-ttaed through a bowlder of porphyry, the 
bottom ie again in material la* gtly composed tf quatlz 
Eb&t ANb Bklcuhr. — Work has not yet betn rtsumed in 
t ho north diift. The ground ahead aeema to be quite 
wet, and it \* still being alloned to drain out through the 
drill hole. The rlow from the hole ia gradually diminish- 
ing, and there i* not now much pressure. 

YklIiOW Jacket —The amount of ore extracted from 
the old leve'a at the Wintera eh;ift is being st-eauily in- 


Stkikk.— Picche Record, Dec, 27: There baa been qui'e 
a i ith strike of ore made in the Noonday miue of Bristol 
district, owned by Rafe Barton & Co. The report says 
that the ore goes 50 per cent, lead and irorn $100 to $300 
in silver. Anew thaft was being sunk on the claim, 
where there were indications of ore, and at the depth of 
G ft tbia new find was encountered. We hope that the 
report ia correct. 

WitA Start Up. — The Bristol S M. Co. ia preparing to 
start up its mill on Mr. Goodhue was in town 
duiing the week, emp'oyiic; hand\ The Bristol Co , at 
no distant day, will again be working under fuil force. 


Fine Ore. — Silver State, Dee. 2(J: Alex. Wise returned 
from a visit to hia mine at Central yesterday. He say- 
they have st uck a new formation in the Keystone sha't, 
and the ledge carriea 3 f'^ of aulphuret ore, but he can- 
not tell how riuh it is, as none of it has been asaaytd ytt. 


The &t\r Mine.— Eureka Sentinel, Dec. 30: Cherry 
Creek W siill a bustling little camp, in which everybody 
aeemed to be employed, and to have a me money for the 
ueceEsaiies, as well aa the luxuries, of life. The main- 
stay of the camp is the Star mine. The Star mill, 2U 
stamps, is running at full capacity, but not at a profit 
just now, as the moat of the ore being reduced is of low 
((rode and does not pay. Of this character of ore, frc m $: 
per ton down, there iB a vast quantny in the mine. At 
present Mr. Foulke, the superintendent of the property 
who ia avery intelligent gentleman is experimenting?*! 1 
1 stamp, wet crush ng and concent ratine:, lie has not com 
pleted the experiment yet, hut he has gone far enough ii 
it to be aa' isfied that by the UBe of a aeries tf b'anket 
tluices and a pair of reservoirs, in which to Bave 
the sedimentB, that he can save 10 per cent, of the assay 
value of the ore, which has hitherto been lost. If he 
succeeds in this, as he confidently believes he will, it 
will aesure the Star mine a splendid fuiute and Cherry 
Creek a long life. The process employed in the mills 
hitherto, and on whith the 19 atamp? ate now run. is dry 
crushing and roasting. Cherry Creek enjoys peculiar ad- 
vantages, and if Mr. Foulke works out the problem of re- 
ducing his low-grade ores profitably it will be a fine town 
for business. It is what Stephen Gage calls a "competi- 
tive point." Being so nen- Utah, it can get its supplies 
from Salt Lake if the C. P. refuses low fates tf freight. 
These rates it gets on freights hauled from Toauo. Wood 
is very cheap. Mahogany is abundant at §0 per cord, and 
a splendid quality of nut pine at 55. 


Northern Bbllb. — Tfue Fissure, Dec. 28: A distance 
of 12 ft has been made iu binking the winze from the 
tilth shaft level duiing the week. It is now down 
and shows a much harder formation than at the time of 
the last report. The streak of su1phuret3 encountered 
has passed entirely out of the winze. There is quite an 
improvement on the fourth Bhaft level, the ore body hav- 
ing widened considerably as well as improving in grade. 
The main drift on the first shaft level has been extended 
13 ft, and the a'.ope above this level is now looking finely. 

bowing no diminution either in the quantity or quality 
of the ore produced. The other shaft levels present 
■bout tiie tame appearance as last week. In the levels 
above the adit tnere Is no Important change. The ninth 
king well, and continue the i a ial 
ij.'ld . i or* All work in and about 111 

daily output ot ore has been 
tons. V7ork hu been resumed in mill Mo. 8. 
which was started upon Monday, the necessary repairs 
having bet u mad UUl tfp. t is clo» 

and ncom] a ill be made in it at sco'n as 

possible. Tim bullion shipment* amounted to |1 

for the week ending Dew .1 a total of |01,- 

837 (8 has boon made so far this month. 

The u*uul amount of work has bcou 

ICOOmpligUOd on thl« property during the week. The 

first level Is no* of SK) ft. 

uprise has been Bt&rtod on the ore body. 

a the second level, hu I 

and is shuwing a ledge of high-gnid'- ere i ^ 

There id no clUMlgfl Wcrihv > i QOtfl in the 

west diift, which ii DOW 28 ft In ll 


i AiitoMi Petagna, 

ratorof the Pay mister, returned 
to Conio on a shaft visit this week, on btieim si connected 
with the mine. Mr. Petagna reports that San Francisco 
capitalists are keeping poateJ iu regard to Como and the 
developments in the Kureka, and that if this mine ful- 
fills its present promises there will immediately be ■ rush 
of capital to the camp. 


Alk\am>kia._ Sentinel, Dec. 20: The Alexandria M\ 
Co., hitherto operating the Alextndrii mine on Prospect 
Mountain, has purchased a number of claims lying south 
of and adjoining their property, known as the Sterling 
series, Tbe livi tor has been operated for several years by 
Adam Hall, who, un tided, except by means realized from 
the sales cf ore taken from bis mino, has done an im- 
mense amount of work on the ground in running tun- 
nely, sinking shafts, driving drifts, crosscuts, etc. Al- 
ways trustworthy, Mr. Hall has stuck to his claim 
through a period of many years, relj ing on a good credit 
to carry on the work of exploration when monpy gave 
out, and hia at last met the reward bis energy justly de- 
serves. The work of development upon the coutolidated 
mines of the Alexandria Co. will now be pushed ahead 
as fast as possible, with a plenty of money to back it. 
The hoUtiug engine lately placed upon the Alexandria 
Incline is being removed to the Diligent shaft, now down 
to a depth of 100 ft, and which will be carried down to a 
depth even with the level of the Eureka Tunuel. with 
which connection is to be made by a drift about d00 ft in 
length. This will give to three mines, the Alexandria, 
Ki Uorado Con. and the Eureka Tunnel, a perfect system 
of ventilation, eheapeninEr and facilitating the work of 
development in all of them. The Alexandria mine has 
yielded large amounts of high and low-grade ore, and the 
Sterling has not been at all behind in tbia particular. 
The present owners are wealthy merchants of Detroit, 
atich,, who, from the intimate knowledge we hive of the 
mines, we feel assured will not have reason to regret the 
investment they have made. 


Work.— Pioche Record. Dec. 27: ConaiderAble work is 
being done on the mines in Jackrabbit district. John C. 
Lynch has a force of 5 men working on the Cottontail 
mine, which is lookiug very favorable. 


Ore Suii'ments.— Eureka Sentinel, Dec. 30: Foley and 
Kilgore shipped yesterday to the Eureka Con. reduction 
works from the Eairphiy mine, Alhambra Hill, Silverado 
district, 14 tons of ore— 4 tonB of flrBt-class and 10 tons 
of Becond-closs. The Brat a&aayed $200 per ton and the 
second $00. The miue looks very well. 


Quibt.— Cor. Esmeralda Herald, Dec. 30: The Summers 
mine starts up to-day with a full force, and Mesbre. Ben- 
nett & Reddy, as co-ownera, representing one-fifth of the 
mill aud mine. The property never looked as well as it 
does at present. Four hundred tons of very fine ore 
await reduction at the mill, which is having its amalga- 
matijg capacity enlarged by th* addition of two pans and 

settler, which formerly belonged to the old Moses mill 
at Pine Grove. Everything in mining circles here has 
been very quiet during the last few days, owing to the 
many attachments leviod on the Summers property; hut 
the gloom that has prevailed has been dispelled, which 
makeB the heart of the average prospector buoyant with 
hope. It looked at one time as though we were to have 
a lawsuit of no Bmall proportions to determine the title to 
the Summers property. The laws of our country, though 
founded on reason and sanctified by the wisdom of cen- 
turies, afford but a feeble and inadequate protection from 
the claima of those who shirk the burden and labor of 
prospecting, and emerge from obBcurity to claim the 
fruit produced by the industry and perseverance of others. 


Elko Con. — Times-Review, Dec. 2S: Main drift of abaft 
No. 1 has been advanced a distance of S ft. The forma- 
tion atill continufa hard, but favorabe. 

North Belle Isle. — Total depth of the phaft to date, 
290 ft. Suspended work on the 25th inst. to rephce 
some tubes in the boiler and make some repairs to the 

Independence.— Total depth of No. 1 abaft, 193 ft; pro- 
gress duiing the past week, ;t ft. No change in the vein 
or grade of ore. West crosscut, 300 level, extended 15 ft. 
Stopes aie yielding some good ore. 

Navajo. — crosscut, 450 level, extended 12 ft. Forma- 
tion lookB encouraging. No change to note ia the atopep. 
They are producing a good grade of ore at all points. 
Have resumed work in the south drift on the east lateral 
vein, 350 level. The vein ie yielding some very rich ore. 

Grand Prize and Argbnta. — East drift, 700 level, ia in 
240 ft, and west drift 35 ft. Joint winz<) sunk 21 ft in 
favorable vein maiter. Argentine winze 03 ft deep. Have 
changed the grates under all the boilers, and are now 
uaing coal, which gives very gatiafactory results. Will 
now get in the plunger pump in the bottom of the tfbiift, 
and take out the steam pumps, which will Bave a great 
deal of fuel. 


A 0ood Mine.— Esmeralda Herald, Dec. 28: Oliver 
Peartree, of Washington district, East Walker river, waa 
in town Monday. He his 5 men employed extractii gore 
from his mines, some of which he concentrates himself 
and the balance he abipa to Dayton to be worked. 


Or*.— Silver State, Dec. 20: Laat week the Silver 
State reoorted that a body of fine ore had been found in 
the Iowa mine at Willow Creek. Joseph McColley, one 
of the principal owners of the Ohio mine, in the same 
locality, anived in town Saturday, and coufirmud the re- 
port. He says two men break down from 4 to (i tons of 
§100 ore in the mine on a shift. The extent of the ore 
body is not known, but the appearance of the lead indi- 
cates that there is a large body .of ore. The Ohio mine 
is oIfo looking wetl'and now that there is a mill in the 
distiiut, it U expected that there will be regular ship- 
ments cf bulbon during the winter, unle3S the weather 
is too severe to get ore from the mines, as roads have yet 
to be built and luel procured. 

Good Minikg ?ROhrtuyts.Siloer State, Dec. 27: E. E. 
Burr, who arrived here yesterday from Willow Creek on 
his way to New York, aays the Willow Creek mines are 
proepeciing hetter than the moat sanguine expected. In 
addition to the fine body of ore found iu the Iowa mine, 
good ore ha^ been stiuck in the Missouri and Red Roee 
mines, and the prospects are very encouraging. In the 
Shrewsbury miue also the ledge looks well and carries 
considerable ore. The Silver Wave mill will be started 
this week to test the machinery, and will commence 
crushing ore immediately after New Year'a day. 


F ;Y : I .. Deo 30: The Common- 

wealt, » «■ ! I meW after having expended 

■ cting their mine Id Woud Oauyon 

have found uu ih . , eil) ( „ re lll0 :i ^' 

awayBcf which are $200 per ton, gMd and silver TU 
average width of tbe ledge Is It .Many had given up 
aa the Commonwealth Co. had worked BO long— almost 

■' u( ling anything. But now all have 

greater faith in the future of the camp, and know that 
nothing but intelligent and peraevoring work will bring 
the camp from | ,, ( tU(J „_ 

ahead camps of the Ten 

Clip Mill. — Ariinna Smi . i» ■ ■_>;;: On the flrftl 
Bteamer that leaves hero the machinery aud tmnplios for 
the Clip mill will go up. Tbe mill will be erected at Clip 

Lauding, which is lt U ,m two milt* above Bed Rock Gate. 

1 h« .■mill mil he of 10 Btamps, 1 paiia aim a 90 uler8. 
power enough to work lOaddiUonal stamps when 

required. .Mr. II. Shipman, one of the owners of the 
Uip Diuiu and null, will personally superintend the erec- 

>8 of the mill, and expects in six weeks to 
Degiu crushing ore. Men are at work grading the road 
between ibo mine and the millaite, a distance of about 
bIx miles, Reports from the Clip mine arc verj encour- 
aging. That old-time Aria nlan, Mr. a. g. Bubbaxd, is 
in charge of the mine, wnlchlsasufflnlcnt assurance that 
the property ia well managed. 


DRKNOWiT.- Georgetown Court* r, Dee, IQ From 5 to ll 

inches of pyrite, gray copper and galena has been en- 
countered in this lud«, on Griffith mountain, wl.ick mills 
8100 per ton. 

DlVBB.— It is eaid that Von Brandts & Co., lessees on 
the Hives, have a fine vein t f ore in the bottom 
level, which runa well enough to make thorn feel happy. 

Cuckoo. — Afoot of coarde galena, carrying rich min- 
eral iu the disintegrated portions, was Btrack in tho 
Cuckoo lode, Republican mountain, last Saturday. It 
C3rrie3 85 per cent, lead, and will mill about 100 ounces 
silver per ton. 

Ernest Staiil had a very acceptable Christmas present 
in the way of a big strike in his Vice President mine on 
11 He l.aa about '6 to 4 inches solid mineral, con- 

stating i f galena and gray copper, which runs Bomcthing 
like 000 ounces of silver per ton. 

Corry City.— The Diamond Tunuel has cut a 5-ft vtln 
of miueral at it« intereection with the Corry City lode, 
which as aays from 42 to b'll ounces silver per ton." Work 
will be commenced ou the vein as soon as the tuunel head 
is far enough advanced to admit room. 

Koiiinoor and Donaldson Concrntratok-— On Wednes 
day morning of last week, a bhort distance below the 
mouth of Fall river, ground was brokeu for the founda- 
tion walla of what will be the most extensive concentrat- 
ing mill in the Rocky mountains. These works are to be 
erected by the Kohinoor and Donaldson M. Co., tho Eng- 
lish corporation which lately has acquired exteneive min- 
ing properties in Gilpin and Clear Crfek counties. The 
mill will have a capacity for treating 200 tons of oro per 
day, which will be furnished by the Donaldson and Lham- 
pion mineB, the former being on the south side of the 
creek and the latter on the north side, each of which will 
bo connected with the mill by wire tramways. The ma- 
chinery will contist of Hartz jigs aud Frue vaimers, with 
which the ore has been tested with excellent Hatisfaction. 
A contract has been made with Fraser &, Chalmers,!of 
Chicago, for the entire plant of machinery, aud the works 
will be pushed forward t j completion with all p 


Billion.— Silver City A valanclie, Dec. 23: The largest 
shipment tf treasure at any one time tor many years 
paased through this place last Sunday, in charge of Win. 
Poxton, Wells, Fargo & Co.'a messenger, on its way to 
Winneiaucca. We are informed that the value of the 
shipment was nearly £30,000. 

SlOiT of the ledgeB in this vicinity are looking well, 
and considerable ore is being extracted, yet there" is 001 
a mill running in camp. Most of the owners of mines 
have relied upon the winter to furnish Bnow enough, to 
make good i-leighing. So far they have been disap* 
pointed, as there is neither wheeling or Bieighing, and us 
a consequence tbe mills are all shut down for want of ore. 

Oro Fino.— Ntz Perce News, Dec 21: Mr. Keane, ufflD 
came down from Oro Fino last week, informa us that tho 
mines in that camp have had the pooreBt season for 
years, owing to the limited water supply, hut they are 
sanguine of doing as well aa ever next year. Several 
locations have been made by new comers on the agricul- 
tural lands adjoining the Wee-ife, and the new seftlei 
ment on Whiskey creek ia still nourishing. There is a 
bright future in Btore for old Shoshone when the Nez 
Perce reservation is opened, and time will prove that we 
are right in aasertiug that north Idaho is tbe foothills! of 
the promised land. 


Buttb.— 'Miner, Dec 20: At the mines advantage has 
generally been taken of tbe holiday season for a general 
cleaning up and reorganization of the works, and the ef- 
fect of a general relaxation from vigorous productive 
wo?k is evident in the decreased volume of bullion ship- 

Moulton.— A full forcj had been worked up to last 
night, but the ore house being full to its utmost capac* 
ity, the mine will be shut down until cfler Christmas. 
During the week a wirize has been started from the 300, 
at a point 200 ft east of the air ehoft and directly under 
the big body of ore penetrated in sinking that shaft. A 
ZJ-It vein has been uncovered in the new winze, which 
mills 50 to 60 ounces. 

Tue Original baa been getting ready for active sinking 
work. The mine has heretofore-been worked only t<> the 
200 level, but the shaft had reached a depth of 240 ft. 
The 40-ft sump had become filled up, and the work dur- 
ing the past week has been confined to cleaning it out, 

Alice —Development work iB bein? prosecuted on the 
700, and sloping as usual en the upper levels 

A larqh force is working the Magna Charta, and -10 
tons of ore per oay are hoisted. The high-grade ore 
mentioned laat week as being uncovered in the north 
drift of the 200 and 300 holds out as to quantity and 

M. C & V. — Work during the week has bren princi- 
pally confined to sinking and development. The strike 
in the liy level holds out strong, and it, is believed will 
prove one of the most valuable discoveriea in the mine. 


Black Bange.— Cor. New Southwest, Dec. 20: IU\ lug^ 
just returned from a proapect over the country on the* 
east s'de of Black Range, a few items regarding this now 
booming Territory might, prove interesting. Cblori ie is 
fast developing into a fine camp. It is growing rapidly . 
Its niiiiFS are being opened to their advantage, and ma- 
chinery is going in. Among their beat mines are im- 
White Signal, Wall dtreet and Colossal. Nearly evejJ 
canyon (.from one to two miles aparl) running east fmm 
thesummit of the Range has its good mines. The Piin- 
cess, on the Cave creek, has a fine showing of sulphide 
ore. It has 2 ft of tne vein matter claimed to average IpO 
ozs. Thomas C. Archer, one of the best posted prospec- 
tors in the country, has some very fine prospects in thin 
vicinity. In the next gu'ch south are the rich mines cf 
Chirles Van Alstyno. His best mine ie the "Ingersol." 
This claim eho-vs from IS to 24 inches of partial! . 
posed quarlz. lying betweeu perfect, walls. Character ol 
ore is sulphides. Tho formaiion i* porphyrin-- ■ 
On the middle Percha wo find the famous SoJtaire 
Clair mines. The Soltflire vt in has at last been found, ft 
is wonde- fully rich. Many other fine proipects arc lay- 
ing undeveloped ou this creek. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 6, 1883 

The Denver Exposition— No. 19. 

[Editorial Correspondence.] 
The Nevada Exhibit. 
The ores and minerals on exhibition at Den- 
ver from the State of Nevada, although few in 
number, small in bulk, and packed away al- 
most out of sight in one corner of the building, 
nevertheless, to the mineralogist comprised one 
of the most interesting collections in the entire 
Exposition. The collection embraced nearly 
all the valuable minerals and metals known to 
Bcience. In no other exhibit could a person 
gaze upon ores that have been extracted from a 
depth of over half a mile beneath the earth's 
surface. In that exhibit were to be seen free 
milling ores from tho Comstock; smelting ores 
of varied character from Eureka and Esmeralda 
counties and from surrounding districts; roast- 
ing ores from Austin, Ophir, Cornucopia, Tus- 
carora, Lewis, Humboldt and Esmeralda coun- 
ties; copper ores from Lander, Washoe, Nye 
and Esmeralda counties; horn silver from Tus- 
carora, White Pine and Esmeralda; gold from 
Paradise, Tuscarora, Virginia City, Lewie, Eu- 
reka and White Pine districts; stephanite, ruby 
silver and chloride ores from Austin; atetefel- 
dite from Nye county; garnets from White 
Pine; native copper from Lander and Esmer- 
alda counties; mineral soap from Elko; salt, 
borax and soda from Esmeralda county; niter 
and sulphur from Humboldt countj; nickel 
and cobalt from Nye county, and iron ores 
from various portions of the State. 

No other State or Territory represented at 
that exposition exhibited refined or crude borax. 
Nevada presented a fine display of refined 
borax, borate of soda, borate of lime. Cotton 
balls and tinkle in large hermetically sealed 
glass jars were exhibited from the famous Teels 
Marsh deposit, of Eameraldo county, owned by 
Smith Bros., as also like samples from the Pa- 
cific works, owned by F. M. Smith. The sa- 
lines attracted no little attention, and called 
forth many questions from those unfamiliar with 
the nature, process of refining and the many in- 
dustrial uses to which they were adapted. The 
production of borax is one of the principal in- 
dustries of the State. 

At the closing of the Exposition the Nevada 
Commissioners turned over the exhibit of that 
State to the manager of the Union Pacific Kail- 
road exhibit, at Denver, to be k9pt there as a 
permanent exhibit, and Commissioner Smith, 
moreover, agreed to collect additional minerals 
from the State of Nevada and send to Denver 
to be added to the Nevada collection already 
there, thus giving the State of Nevada a perma- 
nent exhibit with the Union Pacific railroad at 
any future exposition. 

The collection, as shown by the Commission- 
ers, E. T. George and B. G. Smith, though em- 
bracing ores from all parts of the State, was far 
from being what it might have been bad suffi- 
cient time been given for a thorough canvass of 
the State. Many of the most important and 
promisiug mines were not represented at all. 
The entire collection was but the work of a few 
days, and altogether a private enterprise. The 
Legislature meeting but once in two years, 
and the Exposition at Denver not being known 
at time of its previous meeting, no appropriation 
was made to meet expenses. But in order that 
the State might not be entirelv without any 
representation, Messrs. F. W. Dunn, Superin- 
tendent of the Nevada Central railroad; A. A. 
Curtis, banker, and I. A. Blossom, contractor, 
miner and stock raiser, all of Lander county, 
and F, M. and B. G. Smith, of Esmeralda 
county, nobly came to the frost and paid the 
expenses necessary to insure Nevada a repre- 
sentation at the great National Mineral and In- 
dustrial Exposition at Denver. Such public 
spirited citizens are a credit to the State, and 
the Legislature of Nevada should see to it that 
the amount is reimbursed to those gentlemen, 
and a vote of thanks extended for their prompt 
and noble action in the matter. 

There is no need of our describing the amount 
of work which has been performed on most of 
the leading mines of Nevada. Our readers are 
already familiar with that work in all its mag- 
nificent proportions. Suffice at thia time to 
say that several Nevada mines have reached a 
depth of nearly 3.0QO ft., and that the Com- 
^stock lode alone has added more than $350,000,- 
000 to the circulating medium of the world, 
and that the many promising camps within her 
borders are still adding to the world's wealth 
their quota of gold and silver, and many of the 
useful metals. In the Bouthern portion of the 
State new discoveries are being opened up and 
a large industry being built up, not only in 
mining for the preciouB metals, but in adding 
to the world's commerce large quantities of 
salt, borax, and soda; and notwithstanding the 
present business depression, we venture to pre- 
dict that ere long Nevada will once more take 
her place in the front rank as a bullion pro- 
ducer, and that her mines of other metals and 
minerals will become the wonder and admira- 
tion of the civilized world. 

It is to be hoped that the Legislatures of Ne- 
vada and other States and Territories will make 
the necessary appropriation for having a suit- 
able person appointed to visit the different min- 
ing districts and obtain collections of ore from 
all the prominent mines, so that next year a 
full representation of the mineral wealth of the 
Pacific States and Territories may be placed on 
exhibition before Eastern and European capital- 

ists. An announcement has already been made 
that another grand Exposition will be held at 
Danver next summer under substantially the 
same management that so successfully planned 
and carried out that of last summer. 

W. B. Ewer. 

Production of Vanadium from Furnace 
Slag. —It is well known that the cinder of the 
Thomas Gilchrist process contains very valua> 
ble elements, extenaive experiments having, for 
instance, been made to pulverize it and use it 
as manure. We learn from a paper presented 
to the French Academy of Sciences by MM. G, 
Witz and F. Osmand that the authors have suc- 
ceeded in producing vanadium from Thomas 
slag. Vanadium, discoveaed in 1830 by Sef- 
strom, occurs, beaides in a few rare mineralB, 
in many iron ores and other rocks, but in such 
small quantities that its separation ia attended 
by great difficulties. "Vanadium was firat UBed 
by Lightfoot in 1S71 in wood dyeing for chang- 
ing aniline into aniline black. It possesses the 
additional property of increasing the luater of 
the color and the aharpneas of the impresaion 
in printing on cotton. It is also used for pho- 
tographic purposes, in painting china, in the 
manufacture of ink, and in tetting wine. The 
price of vanadium is at present very high, 
owing to the difficulty attending its extraction. 
Vanadiate of soda coats from 25s. to 30i. per 
pound. To abow the importance of the above 
discovery to works carrying on the dephoapho- 
rizing process, it may be mentioned that in the 
Creusot ateel works alone 60 tons of vanadium 
might be annually produced. — Iron, 

Improvements at the Tanite Co.'s Works. 
— It is only a few montha ago that we chroni- 
cled the enlargement of the Tanite works by 
the addition of aeveral large buildings, which 
are moreover among the most substantial struc- 
tures of the kind in the county. But "Tanite" 
is a synonym for busy activity and energetic 
progresB. It would be unuBual for a monthly 
visitor to fail noting on each return some im- 
provement. The new Btore house, 24x40, two 
stories and attic, which became a necessity 
with the rapidly increasing amount of work 
turned out, is now thoroughly finished. The 
company have also juet built a new casting 
shed, 16x30, one story high. They have also 
just complttad the extension of the boiler ahed, 
adding 19 feet to the original one, which ia 
now 50 fett long. They have just put in place 
a new horizontal boiler, built by Tippett & 
Wood, of Phillipsburgh, N. J. It is one of 65 
horse-power, 15 feet long and five feet in dia- 
meter. It has 45 tubes which are four inches 
in diameter. This boiler is in addition, of 
course, to one of the same size in present use. 
They have also just added to their machinery a 
new Worthington double-acting steam pump, 
to be used as an auxiliary to the "Ni- 
agara" (Campbell & Hardick) pump now in use, 
both for boiler feeding and for use in case of 
fire. — Jefferaonian. 

Calico District. — This comparatively new 
mining district, in San Bernardino county, is 
thus hopefully spoken of by the Colton Semi- 
Tropic; Calico haB passed through its most dis- 
couraging experience, and is now fairly started 
on the road to prosperity. The activity in min- 
ing operations is constantly increasing. Assess- 
ment work is being done on a great many claime; 
valuable claims are being sold to parties who 
have the money to develop them; extensive and 
substantial improvements are being made on 
the principal mines; good roads are being built 
which are accessible to all of the beat mines; 
the Oriental mill is rapidly approaching com- 
pletion; the railroad is completed, depot build- 
ings six miles from town have been erected, and 
we now have rapid communication with the 
rest of the world; in town buildings have been 
enlarged, and preparations are now being made 
to erect other buildings; stores are inereaaing 
their stocks of goods; the travel to this place ia 
increasing; the hotels and lodging houses are 
doing a good business; and in abort, all the vari- 
ous businesa enterprises in this vicinity are grad- 
ually growing in importance, and we may safely 
predict that before many months the mining 
operation here will be extenaive, and will sup- 
port a large and ftouriahing town. 

Postal Telegraph. 

The Eureka (Nov.) Sentinel says a diabolical 
attempt waa made to kill Doc. Hamilton the 
other day in the mine where he is working. 
He had drilled a hole about 10 inches deep, in 
which he left the drill. Upon returning to 
work next morning he found everything as he 
had left it, and he resumed work, but 
had only struck a few blows on the drill 
when a terrific exploaion occured. The 
drill was hurled from the hole with great force 
and broken in two, and Hamilton waa struck 
and stunned by the flying fragments of rock. 
He waa, however, not aeriously injured, receiv- 
ing only a cut on the ear and a severe bruise on 
the leg. Some fiend had inserted a stick of 
giant powder into the hole, and replaoed the 
drill in order to give Hamilton no intimation of 
the murderous Dlot. 

An absolute non-conductor of eleotricity 
has yet to be found, for all substances hitherto 
diacovered are conductora of the force 'under 
certain known conditions; but those which offer 
a great resistance to it serve the purpose of non- 
conductors in practice, although they may all 
be classed as good or bad conductors. The 
beBt conductor at present known is silver; the 
poorest conductor is solid paraffine. 

Why not postal telegraph as well as the old- 
time mail service? Why should the public 
enjoy the transmission of newP, etc., at a nom- 
inal rate by train, and be forced to pay a pri* 
vate corporation a large rate by wire ? That is 
the question, and the anawer, in our opinion, is 
that the working of the telegraph at cost by 
the Government is just as much a needed con- 
tribution to the spread of intelligence to-day as 
the establishment of cheap mail service waa 
years aeo. Is seems coming to that gradually. 
The probability is that we shall soon do much 
of our business and personal communication by 

The present Postmaater-General ia under- 
atood to favor the project, and various trade or- 
ganizations have declared themselves as sup- 
porters of the demand for government tele- 
graphy. It ia not a new thing. It has been 
fully tried in England, and we are not therefore 
undertaking any visionary enterprise in adopt- 
ing it. The English government bought the 
private telegraphs in 1869, and has extended 
them more than four fold since that time. 
The enormous increase in the value of the 
service to the public is, however, the chief feat- 
ure. When the telegraphs were operated by 
private companies, rates were charged accord- 
ing to distance, and were very much higher 
than the rate established by the Government, 
which is one shilling, about 25 cents for 20 
words beaides date, address and signature to 
any part of the kingdom. With anything like 
the same ratio of increase in the use of the tel- 
egraph, it is evident that a higher rate would 
have yielded larger returns, which have inured 
to the public in the shape of reduced charges. 
The public was also benefited by the transmis- 
sion of news, the number of papers served with 
telegraphic ad vie? being increa'ed from 173, in 
1869, to 518, in 1880, the amount of news being 
largely increased, while the charge for this ser- 
vice was largely decreased. The private com- 
panies previously to the acquirement of the 
lines by government sent out about 6,000 
words of news daily, when Parliament was in 
session, and 4.000 at other times. Under the 
government. 25,000 words of news per diem are 
sent when Parliament is in session, and 21,000 
at other times. 

In the United States our telegraph service, 
like that of operating railways, has been dele- 
gated to corporate organizations, and in the ab- 
sence of proper supervision and control serious 
abuses have crept in, and the public has been 
taxed much higher for the use of these inven- 
tions (which it may be said have become neces- 
sities of commerce), than is necessary to yield a 
liberal returnupon the capital actually invested. 
What this ia may be indicttsd by the remarks of 
President Norvin Green, of the Western Union 
Company, at the last annual meeting of that 
company, Sept. 13. 1882: 

The same rate of increase for the next five years will 
produce gross revenues of thirtv-one and a half millions 
and net profits of sixteen-millionB per annum. But as 
the growth of the company has been in an increasing 
ratio — each five years showing a larger percentage of in- 
crease than the preceding five years— we may reasonably 
expect a still greater ratio of growth, and, therefore, even 
larger figures for the year endiug in 1SS7 than those above 
presented, enormous as they now appear. 

It is estimated by good judges that there has 
never been paid in by stockholders $16,000,000 
since the beginning of the Western Union Com- 
pany, and that its present property represents 
simply water and the amounts extorted from 
the public to extend its lines, besides paying 

This great system, as well as the ocean cables 
connecting ua with the rest of the world, are 
now virtually controlled by one man, and this 
individual, whose name haB become a synonym 
for unecrupulousneBs and rapacity, in common 
with a few others with similar character, now 
aim at, and have largely succeeded, in controll- 
ing the channels of intelligence, of thought and 
of commerce, in a nation of 50,000,000 of peo- 

Still Another "New Use" for Elec 
tricity. — A significant feature of the use of 
electric lights in agriculture, and one pregnant 
with great possibilities for the insect-tormentsd 
farmer, is, the London Globe thinks, the won- 
derful inducement which the light offers to all 
sorts and conditions of insects to attempt mul- 
titudinous suicide by banging their heads 
against the crystal globe all through the night 
and the small hours of the morning. A simple 
mechanical arrangement, in the shape of a 
grated trap, into which the impulsive creatures 
could fall, and whence they could not extricate 
themselves, would assist them to complete the 
happy work of self-destruction. 

Metallic Gas. — Some of our cotemporaries 
are apparently making much of the alleged dts - 
covery of a Mr. John Dixon, of Liverpool, Eng., 
of what he calls "metallic gas." His process is 
merely a bungling way of making gas from 
petroleum, while he pretends the gas mainly 
arises from some hidden principle in various 
metals and minerals which he mixes with it — 
hence his title, "Metallic Gas." The Bcheme is 
merely the reproduction of an old deception 
practiced by the same party a year or two since 
in Sydney, where it was thoroughly exploded 
and shown up as a fraud. 

Minute Microscopic Measurements. — 
Mons. Perreaux has constructed an apparatus. 
for microscopic measurements which is capable 
of measuring l-37,000th part of an inch. The 
instrument is so delicate that it can only be used 
at certain hours of the night when [the jar of 
passing vehicles has ceased. 

A Novel Way of Making Bullion. 

W. P. Nye, well known among mining men 
as a skilled mechanic, returned lasteveing from 
the Plancha de la Plata mines, in Sonora, to 
which place he had been for the purpose of put- 
ting the prospect mill at that place in repair. 
The mill in question is but of two stamp capac- 
ity, although the engine and boiler attached 
have power for running double that amount. 
Mr. Nye states that from what he could learn 
while there the mine has enough ore in sight to 
run a twenty- stamp mill Bteadily for two years. 
The ore is marvelously rich in horn silver. 
About half a mile above the mill a number of 
Mexicans are taking out ore and reducing it by 
arrastras. The ore after being reduced to a 
pulp ia then put into a large vat and boiled for 
a given time, at the expiration of which it is 
allowed to settle and the water taken cff. The 
pulp when settled is taken out and the silver 
separated from it by means of washing it 
through a large wooden bowl, or, in plain En- 
glish, "panning it out." While there Mr. Nje 
saw six and a half pounds of jjure silver panned 
out of a pile of pulp about three feet in diame- 
ter and two feet high. 

The process in use for the handling of tho 
ores by the Mexicans at the place named is of a 
most primitive character, bars and ahovels only 
being used in mining. The arrastras, as all 
mining men well know, are but a collection of 
large stoneBso arrarged as to form a basin in 
which the ores are pulverized by the dragging of 
other stones over them, mules, oxen, horses or 
donkeys being the power employed for that 
purpose. The kettles or vats in which the 
pulp is boiled are made by the building together 
of Btrongmetquite branchesinthe form required, 
and then cementing the sides exposed to the 
tire with a thick coating of olay. For the pan- 
ning out process a large wooden bowl known as 
"the batea" is used. Crude as their means of 
working may be, the result is said to reim- 
burse them largely for their labor. —Citizen, 

The Location of Placer Claims, 

A gentleman in Montana recently propounded 
the following questions to the consideration of 
the General Laud Office at Washington: 

1. Is an individual claimant limited to one 
location of twenty acres in a placer mining dis- 

2. What amount of work is necessary to 
maintain the possesaory title to placer clairm? 

3. Can work performed or expenditures made 
in constructing a ditch for the purpose of work- 
ing a placer claim be applied to the maintenance 
of possessory titled ■ 

4. Does the law require a greater amount of 
work per annum to be performed by an aFBocia- 
tion of eight persons to hold possessory tide to a 
placer claim of 1 GO acres than it does of an indi- 
vidual claimant to maintain possessory title of 
twetny acreB more? The official answer was as 

Department of the Interior, J 
General Land Office, > 

Washington, V. C, Sept. 29, 1882. ) 
J. Walbridge, Stq., Baggs, Carbon County, 
Montana : 
Sir: — Your communication dated the 16th 
instant has been referred to thia effice. In re- 
ply to the inquiry therein contained, I have to 
state that the law imposes no limit upon the 
number of mining claims which a qualified per- 
son may locate. Bight person are allowed to 
locate in one placer claim 160 acres. The 
amount of work necessary to maintain the pos- 
sessory title to placer claims is left by Congress 
to be regulated by local laws and customs. In 
Colorado I believe the Legislature prescribes 
the amount. Whether work performed or ex- 
penditures made in constructing a ditch for the 
purpose of wmking a placer claim will apply to 
the maintenance of possessory title, is a matter 
that depends entirely upon local regulations 
and customs. 

You will understand that a location by eight 
persons of 160 acreo c institutes only ona loca- 
tion or claim — not eigh:. 

M. M^Farland, 


A New Carving Machine. — A Michigan 
man has invented a new carving and molding 
machine that takes the palm for rapid work. 
In its construction the machine is very simple, 
being composed of a tool attached to a spindle 
that when thrown into motion springs up 
through an aperture in the table. The piece of 
wood to be carved or molded is then pushed 
against the tool, and the work is done quicker 
and better than any man could do it. Tne ma- 
chine is designed to do all kinds of fancy carv- 
ing work on cornices, moldings, newels and 

Paper in Architecture. — An immense 
building is to be constructed in Chicago en- 
tirely of paper material. It will be six stories 
high, covering an entire block, and will con- 
tain 100,000 ft. of straw-board flooring, 180,000 
ft. of straw ceiling, and a large amount of the 
same material for doors and connters. 

A Mastodon Graveyard. —The city of Dal- 
las, Tfcxas, is said to be built over a graveyard 
of mastodons, and for five or six years past ex- 
cavations for buildings have seldom failed to 
bring up their bones. A large number of these 
maBtodon remains were unearthed recently, and 
some of the bones were of enormous size. 

January 6, 1 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

t" r 

Thk - TvmriL Between Ij M .v 

ii.v. — From the project predeuted to the 
Italian Ministry and proposed to the Venetian 
Society of Construction by Signor Gabelli, the 
following particulars are taken: The length of 
the submarine tunnel between Italy and Sicily 
will be 44,000 It. The maximum depth of the 
sea above the line of tunnel is 305 it. Tho 
thickness of rock between the roof of the tun- 
nel and the bottom of the sea is 115 ft. The 
direction of the tunnel from St. Agatt to Punta 
<lul V //. > is almost duo northwest to southwest. 
The two incline^ descending to the tunnel will 
first run ptrallt 1 with the shore and then de- 
scend to the lowest level by spiral tunnels. The 
length of these iodines is each 15,000 ft., and 
the area occupied by each spiral tunnel is 1,1 (JO 
ft. The degree of inclination will be 35 per 
1.000. The center of the tunnel will be on a 
higher level than the two finds. Wells and sub- 
sidiary tunnels will \a oonstiucted to drain off 
the peculating water, and i he most ditli cult 
part of the line will be first c immenced, which 
will at once show the geological construction of 
the ground and the difficulties to be overcome. 
According to the opinions of all geologists the 
bottom of the Straits of Messina consists of 
crystalline rock (granite, gneies and mica 
schist* )■ Neither in Calabria nor in Sicily can 
the upper strata that covers this crystalline 
rock be so thick as to reach the level of the 
bottom of the descending incline. 

i Engineering Operations. — 

Parts of Cibrado, New Mexico and Arizona, 
in plats of hundreds of thousands of acre?, are 
level and ready for the farmer, only that there 
is no water. The rivers running much higher 
than these valleys or tableland?, tffer abun- 
dant water for irrigation, provided that ditches 
or channels be cut aud dams com t meted to di- 
vert the water to them. There are numerous 
enterprises of this kind already in operation 
upon a moderate scale, and recently an Eoglish 
company has undertaken the cutting of a chan- 
nel in central Colorado, which will render some 
200,000 acres fertile and ready for the farmer's 
crops. Another ttapendous undertaking of a 
similar kind is on foot by the Colorado Coal 
and Iron Company, This channel will be 
opened from a point on the Arkansas river 3! 
miles below Canyon City, and be extended 
acrosB the table-land in a southeasteily direc- 
tion to the St. Charles river. The ditch will 
be 30 feet wide and 70 miles long, carrying 5 
feet of water. Such enterprises are the feature 
of the new development of this new country, 
and are watched with a great deal of interett. 

Ban i~. -An average day's 
work for a bricklayer is 1,500 bricks on outside 
and iu&ide wallt ; on facings and angles and fin- 
ishing around wood or stone work not more 
than half of this number can be laid. To tind 
the number of bricks in a wall, first determine 
the nnmber of rquare feet of surface, and then 
multiply by 7 for a 4-inch wall, by 14 for an 8 
inch wall, by 21 for a 12 inch wall and by 28 
for a 10-inch wall. For staining bricks red, 
melt one ounce of glue in one gallon of water; 
add a piece of alum the sizs of an egg, then one* 
half pound of Venetian red, and one pound of 
Spanish brown. Try the color on the bricks be- 
foro using, and change to light or dark with the 
red or brown, using a yellow mineral for buff. 
For coloring black, heat asphaltum to a fluid 
state, and moderately heat true surface brioks 
and dip them. Or make a hot mixture of Ha- 
feed oil and asphalt; heat the bricks and dip 
them. Tar and asphalt are also used for the 
eamo purpose. It is important that the bricks 
be Butliciently h< t, and be held in the mixture 
to absorb the color to the depth of one-sixteenth 
of an inch. — Railroad Journal. 

I of Wind on DaAPT or 0HIMNEY8. — 
In a paper bearing the above title, and which 
was recently read at Southampton, England, by 
Lord Rayleigb, it was stated that a horizontal 
wind would usually promote a draft, except in 
cases where the chimney opened out upon a 
large expanse of wall, and so was indirectly af- 
fected, in which case there was only one cure, 
namely, to carry the chimney higher. When 
the wind was inclined downward to the chim- 
ney at an angle of 30* and more, there was a 
down draft, and the maximum up draft was pro- 
duced by wind inclined upward at about the 
same angle. The simplest thing to prevent 
wind blowing down a chimney was to erect a 
T- piece on the top. In that caee a vertical or 
inclined wind favored the draft, and the effect 
of a wind blowing through the T tube was prac- 
tically nothing. Lord Rayleigb, moreover, con- 
tended that chimneys should be turned upside 
down; that ir, the opening at the fireplace 
should be narrow and the outlet wide; and that 
if alt the chimneys in a house could be made to 
open into a common cloaca, a down draft would 
hardly ever ocenr. 

Chawqe in lit: LraSHP's Plans.— It is re- 
ported that the engint-trs of the Panama canal 
have made a radical change in their plan of 
operations. The intention of the projectors 
was to make a sea-level canal from one ocean to 
the other without locks of any kind. Informa- 
tion now comes oat that they have found it im- 
possible for any audi of money which could be 
raised to overcome the natural difficulties of 
such an undertaking, and they have decided to 
adopt the ordinary plan — that of locking, up 
and down the grades. The other scheme in- 
volved the operation of digging a canal for eome 
distance through great cut?, which would have 
been several hundred feet deep, involving an 
amount of excavation the like of which wag 
never attempted by human hands. There were 
other difficulties also in connection with that 
part of the canal where the bed of the Chagres 
river is utilized which the engineers concluded 
would form a fatal obstruction to the plan origin- 
ally entered upon. 

Connecting the Chesapeake and the Del- 
aware — The Maritime Registtr aaye: We no- 
tice that there is a movement toward carrying 
out the project of a ship canal between the 
Dalaware and Chesapeake bays. The pro- 
jectors of this new scheme say that this canal 
will be puBhed to completion without aBking 
for Government aid. This is a very sensible 
decision on their part. There is no reason why 
the Government should furnish the money for 
this work, and if it will givo the great advan- 
tages to Maryland and Baltimore which have 
been claimed, Baltimore capitalists ought cer- 
tainly to be able to build the canal. 

Railroad in Central Africa.— A party of 
80 Frenchmen, assisted by 1,400 African labor- 
ers, are to begin the construction of a railway 
between the Niger and Senegal riverp. Their 
operations will be protected by a military col- 
umn, which will plant the French flag and erect 
two forts on the Niger. 

Work Still Going On\ — It is stated that 
the works of the submarine railway between 
Calais and Dover are still going od, notwith- 
standing political objections, and the gallery, is 
now 445 yards in length. Since the heading 
has bsen under the sea there has been, it is 
said, no leakage. Co!. Baaumont'a boring ma- 
chine is being uaed. 

From Denver, to Utah. — Track on the Utah 
Extension of the Denver & Rio Grande railroad 
ia now laid to Grand Junction, Col., 50 miles 
westward from the late terminus at Delta, and 
425 miles from Denver. The new terminus is 
only 37 miles from the Utah line, 

A Foundry Flooded With Sulphur. — A 
singular snd remarkable occurrence recently 
took place in the large foundry of the Reading, 
Pe., Hardware Company, where 90 men are em- 
ployed. The atmosphere en the outside was 
derseandall the windows were tightly closed. 
Suddenly a large amount of sulphur and gas 
was driven out of the opening in the cupola 
among the men, scatterirg all over the foundry. 
Ten became deathly sick and dropped to the 
floor at once. The others commenced vomiting 
and comola:ned of severe paius in the stomach 

d head. Two were perfectly unconscioua 
and rema ned in that condition for some time, 
having to be taken to their homes in carriage?. 
The foundry presented the appearance of a 
huge hospital, with men lying in every direc- 
tion. About 70 men were affected. — Ex. 

The Protective Question. — A great deal of 
needless misunderstanding is occasioned in pro- 
tection-free-trade discussions by not under- 
standing terms and phrase?. A high tar IF is 
not necessarily a protective tariff, nor alow one 
for revenue. Protection is an end to which a 
tariff is the means, snd this end may be secured, 
sometimes by a high tariff, sometimes by a low 
tar IF, sometimes by no tariff at all. An exceed- 
ingly high tariff may not be obstructive after it 
has ceased to be protective. The duty on horse- 
shoe nails, for example, is very high and prac- 
tically inoperative, but it is in no sense ob- 
structive. A high tariff, when inoperative, is 
also obstructive only when it prevents compe- 
tition and makes monopoly possible. — Boston 
Com. Bui. 

Potency of tub Human Voice in Controll. 
ikg the Horse. — The r'eins may guide the 
horse, the bit may inspire him by its careful 
manipulation, and the whip may urge him for- 
ward to greater ambition; but the human voice 
is more potent than all these agencies. Its as- 
suring tones will more quickly dispel his fright ; 
its severe reproaches will more effectually check 
his insubordination; its sharp, clear, electric 
commands will more thorougtly arouse his am- 
bition, and its gentle, kindly praises will more 
completely encourage the intelligent road horse 
than the united forces of the bit and reins and 
the laBh. No animal in domestic use more 
readily responds to the power of kinduesthan 
the ad horse, — National Live Stock Journal. 

Progress op MivtrFicnraiNo Industry. — 

The progress of manufacturing industries in the 
United States has been such that an arbitrary 
di virion into manufacturing and agricultural 
sections can no longer be maintained. Id seven 
principal Western States— Ohio, Indiana, II- 
linoip, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin and Minne- 
sota — the manufacturing industries were less 
than one-half those of the New England StateB 
in 1850. Now these industries in the Western 
States named exceed those of the New Eagland 
States. More than 10 years ago the annual 
aggregate value of manufactured products ex- 
ceeded the i"ilue of all agricultural products in 
the above Western StateB. The number of 
patents now annually taken out in the North- 
western States far exceeds the number issued to 
oitissna of the New England States. 

The'Spriko Street Car Motor. — It is re- 
ported that reoent experiments in Philadelphia 
have proved that it is possible to propel street 
oars smoothly and rapidly by the expansion of 
powerful steel springs, the difliculty of giving 
a uniform and perfect temper to the metal hav- 
ing been overcome. The company controlling 
the patents makes the following claim f: The 
motor consitta of six springs coiled upon a cyl- 
inder. Each spring will be made of a flat bar 
of steel 300 ft. long, (> inches wide, and one- 
fourth inch thick. These springs are tempered 
by the new process so uniformly and delicately 
that their power becomes tremendous. After 
first being coiled so that their diameter is IS 
ft., they are tempered, and then wound up un- 
til the diameter is 7^ ft. In this condition 
they are placed upon tne motor truck and the 
appliance of the patents adjusted. 

Subways for Gas and Water Pipes, — The 
New Yoik World suggests the advisability of 
constructing under the streets of that city what 
it calls subways, through which working men 
can travel, as a means of avoiding the tearing 
up of streets for the repair of water, steam and 
gas pipes. This is by no means an infeasible 
scheme, tince it has long been in operation in 
Parip, and for a city so troubled with travel 
and traffic as New York there are few greater 
nuisances than an uptorn street. In time this 
difficulty will come to perplex us, after we have 
Eolved our bridge problem. 

The Erie Canal was formally opened in 
1825; it then carried a boat through with 90 
barrels of flour; now 900 barrels are the regu- 
lar cargo. 

How to Tell a Good Millstone. — An old 
Hungarian miller is reported to have given this 
rule for telling a good millstone: 'When about 
to select a stone take a flask of gin and pour a 
ltttle r of it upon the stone; if the stone absorbs 
the liquor so that the surface appears dry, it is 
a good one, but if the gin remains on the sur- 
face the stone is good for nothing." 

The Mint in San Francisco is the largest in 
the world — twice as large as astheone in Phila- 
delphia, and three timeB the size of any in Eu- 
rope, having $24,000,000 worth of coin and bul- 
lion stored away in its vaults. 

The Digestibility of Oysters, 

Why oysters should be eaten raw is explained 
by Dr. William Roberta in his lecture on "Di- 
gestion." He says thit the general practice of 
eating the oysters raw is evidenee that the 
popular judgment upon matters of diet is usu- 
ally trustworthy. The fawn-colored mass, 
which is the delicious portion of the fish, is its 
liver, and is simply a maBs of glycogen. Asso- 
ciated with the glycogen, but withheld from 
actual contact with it during life, is its appro- 
priate digestive ferment — the hepatic diastase. 
Tie mere crushing of the oyster between the 
teeth brings theEe two bodies together, and 
then the glycogen is at once digested 
without any other help than the diaetase. 
The raw or merely warmed oyster is self-diges- 
tive. But the advantage of this provision is 
wholly lost by cooking, for the heac immedi- 
ately destroys the associated ferment, and a 
cooked oyster has to be digested, like any 
other food, by the eater's own digestive powers. 

'"My dear sir, do you want to ruin your di- 
gestion?" asked Prof. Houghton, of Trinity col- 
lege, one day, of a friend who had ordered 
brandy and water with his oysters in a Dublin 

Then he sent for a glass of brandy and a 
glass of Guinness' XX, and put an oyster in 
each. In a very short time there Jay in the 
bottom of the glass of brandy a tough, leathery 
substance resembling the finger of a kid glove, 
while in the porter there was hardly a trace of 
the oyster to be found. 

City Smveragk. — In answer to a question re- 
cently, when before a committee ot the City 
Council of Philadelphia, Col. Waring siid, with 
reference to the ventilation of sewers: "I would 
use neither street openings nor tubes. Eich 
householder should be required to run the drain 
pipe which carries the sewage from his house 
up to the roof. It should be left untrapped, 
and then every discharge of sewage all through 
the c t? would be followed by a draft of freBh 
air. With such aewerB as yours the impregna- 
tion of the aoil by noxious gases is much to be 
feared. It would coat little more to make them 
fit to do the duty for which they are designed. 
They should be cemented inside and out, the 
joints tightly closed and the material of the 
beBt, and they should be kept clean. But de- 
fective house drainage exerts influences as bale- 
ful as do the most wretched aewers. The 
greater number of the cases which doctora at- 
tribute tj sewer gas is due to fault, not in 
the sewers themselvep, but to the filthy pipes 
which carry off the houae drainage. Illuminat- 
ing gaa very often escapee from the pipea into 
the aewera, and most of the explosions are ap- 
parently due to that cause." 

Salicylic Acid in Typhoid Fever. 

A member of the French Academy of Medi- 
cine, at Paris, M. Yulpian, at a recent meeting 
of the Association asked if the terrible scourge 
of typhoid fever might not be more successfully 
treated by the employment of some soluble anti- 
septic, susceptible of finding its way, without 
alteration, into the intestines, and then neutral- 
izing the typhoid virus. Trial in that direction 
had been made with various antiseptics, but 
salicylicate of soda seemed to have been attend- 
ed with the beBt results. 

M, \ ulpian, recalling the fact that typhoid 
fever, the same as the small-pox, the measles 
•ndscarht fever, consists in reality of au in- 
toxication caused by the virus absorbed, and 
which, on its first attack, we seek to combat in 
the blood itielf and in ita organic elements, re- 
marked that the medicine ought to reach not 
only the microbes but the nervous center?, 
which impel tie general circulation. 

To < fleet this, hia choice is salicylic acid, to 
which numerous German, Italian and American 
works have for a long time accorded an action 
certain snd preponderate. 

The dote of salicylic acid — given in unleav- 
ened bread — is about half a gramme every half 
hour or hour, but it has been increased success- 
fully to 6, 10, and 12 grammes — one gramme 
is equal to 23 graine. It is the medium dose of 
G to 7 grammes per day which should form the 
base of the new medication. 

Fiom a careful study of various cases at the 
Hotel Dieu, it is found that but little inconven- 
ience is experienced in administering salicylic 
scid; while on the other Bide, the beneficial ef- 
fects of salicylic acid have always been very 
striking, as follows: 

The regular and permanent lowering of the 
temperature from 40 5 3 , to 39°, 3S.5 , at the 
end of 24 hours. Amelioration of the general 
condition of the patieLt. 

The aotion of thiB medicine is, then, logical, 
though it may not be all-powerful and verit- 
ably curative. Salicylic acid, given in sufficient 
doses, is, up to this time, one of the most power- 
ful agent's in moderating typhoid fever. 

This point established, M. Vulpian demand- 
ed, "if salicylic acid could not be employed as a 
prophlactic and preventive agett in epidemics 
of typhoid fever, and if taking daily a moder- 
ate doae'of the medicine would not have the 
effect of auihilating the action of the typhoid 
poieoL ? 

The Ashes of the Dead. — A correspondent 
of Knowledge (London), who signs himself * 'A 
Brother Cinder," referring to the first two ere- 
mationa which have taken place in Eagland in 
modern times and to the disposition which was 
made of tbe ashes, bega leave to suggest "a far 
neater and more appropriate mode of disposing 
of the ashes of a corpse cremated. These aahes, 
I think," he observes, "consist wholly or prin- 
cipally of phosphate of lime, and therefore have 
only to be treated with sulphuric acid to convert 
them into sulphate of lime — i. e., gypsum of 
plaster of Paris. With thia substance a model 
can be cast in a mould previously prepared, and 
representing either the full figure of the de- 
ceased or simply the bust, or the likeness can 
take tbe form of a medallion. Whichever form 
of memoiial is adopted a glass caae would be 
sufficient protection for it, and the costly urn 
can be dispensed with as unnecessary, while the 
remains of our loved ones will themselves be 
gathered into the form of a compact and Iikelife 
memorial, which itself will be composed of the 
veritable 'ashes of the dead."' It is doubtful 
whether in this country, for years to come, if 
ever, the idea of incineration or cremation can 
be popularized. There is a repugnance to it in 
the general mind which cannot easily be over* 
come. In France the subject ia in a manner 
forced upon the public. The crowded condi- 
tion of tbe cemeteriea necessitates the removal 
of bodies long distances from the city — as much 
as 30 miles — the expense of which, when the 
poor are interred, falls upon the municipality. 
In consequence a bill is before the Assembly to 
legalize cremation. In England also this ques- 
tion of cremation ia being seriously considered. 
The same argument applies to London as to 
Paris in reference to disposing of the remains of 
the dead. England will be slower to accept tho 
alternative than France, but it would not be 
surprising if both countries would ultimately 
adopt it, iiu the least of evils presenting them- 
selves in connoction with sepulture. 

Power of the Will. — We hear frequently 
of pretendera who profess to heal diaeases by 
"laying on of hands," etc. The real manner 
of healing in all such cases is merely tbe de- 
termined exerciae of the will power, or whatia 
the same thing, faith in the healer and hia artr. 
Witness the following evidence of the power of 
the will in such caBee: A lady waa sick from 
apparent exhaustion, and for a long time had 
kept her bed. Her pastor, at her rtqueBt, had 
prayed and prayed, but she was no better. A 
new pbyaician one day called. He came to her 
bedaide and said: "I think that the beBt thing 
you can do is to get up!" And she got up. 
"Go down stain !" And she went down. The 
next day Bhe was on the streer, eDJoying a 
walk after along, long confinement. "I didn't 
cure her," aaid the physician, "for there was 
nothing to cure. She had lain in her bed so 
long thither will power had all gone." Hia 
prompt and heroic treatment atartled into life 
her paralyzad resolution. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 6, 1883 



a. t. nnwBY. 

W. B. EWEK. 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 

Office, 25S Market St., IT. E. corner Front St. 
tgrTake the ^levator, So. M Front St.&t 

W. B. EWSR - ..„.. .Sbhiob Editor. 

Ad»rbb8 editorials and business letters to thefinn. Ir.- 
diriduuls are liable to be absent. 

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reading: notices, legal advertisements, notices appearing 
in extraordinary type or in particular parts of the paper, 
at Bpecial rates . Four insertions are rated in a month. 

Our latest Jorms go to press Thursday evening. 
Entered at S. F. Postoffice as Second Class Matter 

The Scientific Press Patent Agency, 
DEWEY & CO., Patent Solicitors. 

O. U. 8TROKG. 

Saturday Morning-, Jan. 6, 1883. 


EDITORIALS— Dry Crushing and Roastiug Mill; A 
New Amalgamator and Concentrator, 1. Pat-sing 
Uiventa; Magnetic Separation of Ore; Clastification of 
Mineral LandB; Academy of Sciences; California State 
Geological Society, 8. State Mining Bureau; Winter 
in California, 9. A New Fire Extinguisher; Patents 
and Inventions; Notices of Recent Patents, 12. 
ILLUSTRATIONS. —General Arrangement of a 
Dry Crushing and Roasting Mill, 1. Hotel Del Monte 
at Monterey, Cal.— View of the West Side; Scene in the 
Grounds of the Hotel Del Monte, 9. 
CORRESPONDENCE.— Notes from Eureka, Ne- 
vada, 2. „ 
tions for Machineiy; Steel vb, Lon Rails; American vs- 
English NaUmakers; Tempering Steel; Improvement. 
in Tempering Glass; Improvement in Watch Hai,diB 
Posts and Girders, 3. 
SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS.— Parasitica in a Fly's 
Tongue; Migration of JJiah Thiough the Suez Canal; 
Recent Finds in the Connecticut Valley Sandstones; 
Dis«overy of the Carbon Voltaic Arc; Sun Spots; 
Another Great Lake in Africa; Electro-Generative Fuel; 
Tremors of the Earth, 3. 
MINING STOCK MARKET.— Sales at the San 
Francisco Slock Board, Notices of Assessments, Meet- 
ings and Dividends, 4-5. 
MINING SUMMARY from the various counties of 
California, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana 
and New Mexico, 4-5. 
THE ENGINEEH.— The Submarine Tunnel between 
Italy and Sicily; Important Engineering Operations; 
Change in De LeEsep's Plans; Connecting the Chesa- 
peake and tbe Delaware; Railroad in Central Africa; 
Work Still Going on; From Denver to Utah, 7. 
USEFUL INFORMATION.— Some Facts about 
Bricks; Effect of Wind on Draft of Chimneys; A Foun- 
dry Flooaed with Sulphur; The Protective Question; 
fotency of the Human Voice in Controlling the HorBe; 
How to Tell a Good Millstone; Progress of Manufactur- 
ing Industry; The Spring Street Car Motor; Subways 
for Gas and Water Pipes, 7. 
GOOD HEALTH.— The Digestibility of Oysters: 
City Sewerage; Salicylic Acid in Typhoid Fever; The 
Ashes of the Dead; Power of the Will, 7. 

Business Announcements. 

Sewer Gas Trap— Garland Mf'g Co , Oakland, Ca!. 
Dividend Notice— San Francisco Savings Union, S. F. 
Dividend Notice— Bulwer Con. M. Co., S. F. 
Dividend Notice — Navojo M. Co., S. F. 
Dividend Notice— Standard Con. M. Co., S. F. 

Passing Events. 

We begin with this number Volume XLVI 
of the Miking and Scientific Press under 
encouraging auBpices, the paper now having a 
large and increasing circulation and liberal ad- 
vertising patronage. We intend to make this 
volume exceed its predecessors, and more par- 
ticularly in respect to the illustrations, which 
will be more numerous than formerly. The 
Press will be improved io every way, and our 
patrons may reBt assured their interests will be 
closely looked to. 

News from tbe mines is somewhat meager 
jutt at present, the weather of late somewhat 
interfering with operations. 

The moBt notable local event of late has been 
the unprecedented fall of snow in San Fran- 
cisco, Oakland and many other towns in this 
State on December 31st. Never since the State 
has been an American one has a similar storm 
occurred in the coast regions. The snow-fall 
was four to six inches deep, and thousands of 
persons saw snow for the tirst time. 

There came near being a bad fire in the 
Sutro tunnel on New Year's day, It took about 
three hours to drive the smoke back, the fire 
being at a point 300 ft. north of the C. and C. 
shaft, but when the fire was finally reached 
it was quickly extinguished. It burned about 
13 sets of timbers and the drain boxes that 
ran along the side of the drift. No great dam- 
age was done, 

Magnetic Separation of Ore, 

Some time since we illustrated and described 
the apparatus invented by Mr. Edison for the 
magnetic separation of ore. A man named 
Hans J. Mailer, of New York, has now in- 
vented one of an improved form. The new 
machine consists of a revolving cylindrical 
electro-magnet, around which a band or belt 
passes, also passing around a cylinder or roller 
parallel with the magnetic cylinder in combina- 
tion with a vibrating feeding device, from which 
the granulated or pulverized material drops 
tangentially to the magnetic cylinder, so that 
the particles of steel or iron will be attracted 
by the magnetic cylinder and will be carried off 
by the belt until the same leaves the magnetic 
cylinder, when these particleB of iron or steel 
will drop into a suitable chute or receptacle 
separated from the box or chute into which the 
ore drops by a beveled longitudinal partition. 

A magnetic plate extends longitudinally along 
the magnetic cylinder, below the same, and 
over the chute into which the pai tides of iron 
drop, for the purpose of preventing the swinging 
clusters or particles of iron or eteel which 
are formed on the belt from dropping int> the 
chute or receptacle from the ore. The inven- 
tion also consists in so constructing the mag- 
netic cylinder that it has double poles — that is 
to say, two opposing poles in the middle of its 
length, beside those at the ends. 

For very finely divided particles the belt is 
made of thin sheet brase, but for coarser parti- 
cles it is made of steel or iron sheets. 

The operation of the machine is as follows: 
The pulverized ore from which the particles of 
iron or steel are to be separated is placed in a 
hopper, and the cylinder is rotated. By suit- 
able mechanism a shelf is vibrated on a horizon- 
tal plane, and the non-metallic portion of the 
pulverized ore, or rather the portion which has 
only slight capacity for magnetic attraction, will 
drop from the inner edge of the shelf through 
a slot - . As the material passes the cylinder the 
particles of iron and steel will be attracted by 
the magnetic cylinder and will cling to the 
belt and be carried around by the same until it 
leaves the cylinder, which takes place directly 
above another slot, when the particles of iron 
or steel will drop into or through a slot into a 
receptacle. The ore leaves the belt at this 
point because the magnetic attraction there be- 
comes insufficient to hold it — to support its 

In case the pulverized ore contains very large 
quantities of iron or steel, long clusters or 
particles of iron or steel will be formed at the 
lower part of the cylinder, and as these clusters 
receive a swinging motion from the movements 
of the belt, they drop Bometimes, bi_t arrange- 
ments are made to catch them. 

Classification of Mineral Lands. 

The method of classification of mineral lands 
on the public domain when the lines of the sur- 
veys are being extended over them is as follows: 
At the time of survey in the field the deputy 
Surveyor notes on his field notes (which remain 
permanently in the Surveyor-General's Office, a 
copy being Bent to the Commissioner of the 
General Land Office) the character of the coun- 
try, both from obseivation and information from 
persons, if any there be having knowledge of 
the same. This makes up the general topog- 
raphy. He describes the country by sections 
one mile square. When the deputy makes up 
his plats he enters upon them the topography 
noted in his field notes and returns the same to 
the Survey or -General, who prepares three 
copieB thereof. One of trie township plats, with 
a copy of the field notes, is sent to the General 
Land Office to be used in checking all entries 
or changes of entries made in the district land 
office. If the land surveyed is returned as min- 
eral, the Commissioner at once issues notice to 
the land office of tbe district in which the landB 
lie of the withdrawal of the same from agricul- 
tural or entry other than as mineral. Claim- 
ants of mining claims may make applica- 
tion for survey to the surveyor -general, as 
provided by law, and the surveys of their 
claims will be made by a mineral dep- 
uty, with or without reference to the lines 
of the rectangular system. Still they can 
and may be used for points of determination 
tand referenoe. Proof is admissible upon con- 

ett in the district land offices between claim- 
ants aB to its mineral or non-mineral character. 
The Register and Receiver render an opinion on 
the case, which is forwarded to and approved 
or disapproved by the Commissioner of the Gen- 
eral Land Office, and after his action is Bubjeet 
to appeal to the Secretary of the Interior. In 
case the rectangular surveys are not extended 
over the lands containing mineral, the claimant, 
whether a raining district has been formed by 
the miners or not, applies to the Survey or- Gen- 
eral, who orders a survey by a deputy mineral 
surveyor whether public land Burveys have beeu 
made or not. The Burvey of a mining claim 

■lode, vein or placer — has no reference neces- 
sarily to any other surveys or systems of sur- 

Academy of Sciences. 

Annual Meeting and Election. 
The annual meeting of the California Acad- 
emy of Sciences was held on Monday evening 
last, President Davidson in the chair. The re- 
port; of the election held during the day was 
read and showed the following result: Presi- 
dent, George Davidson; First Vice-President, 
Justin P. Moore; Second Vice-President, H. 
Herman Behr; Corresponding Secretary, Sam- 
uel B. ChriBty; Recording Secretary, Charles G. 
Yale; Treasurer, Elisha Brooks; Librarian, Car- 
los Troyer; Director of Museum, W. G, W. 
Harford; Trustees— George E. Gray, Ralph C. 
Harrrison, James M. McDonald, Robert W. 
Simpson, Thos. P. Madden, Charles F. Crocker, 
Lewis Gerstle. 

Financial Condition. 
The Board of Trustees of the Academy sub- 
mitted a report showing the financial status of 
the Society: The total amount of receipts for 
the year from all sources has been $28/145.14; 
total expenses, $25,707.04, leaving a balance 
cash on hand of $2,829.17. In April the Trus- 
tees purchased from Professor Henry A. Ward 
a valuable collection of natural history, paleon- 
tology and geology, for $16,000, and placed it in 
charge of the Director of the Museum to be 
opened for public exhibition at Mercantile Li- 
brary Hall, which was hired for the purpose. 
Messrs. Charles Crocker and ex-Governor Le- 
land Stanford donated $8,000 each to enable the 
Academy to effect this purchase, and the joint 
gift is now named the "Crocker- Stanford Col- 
lection." The amount collected for dues and 
memberships from life and resident members 
during the year was $3,257.50; outstanding 
monthly dues, considered collectable, $99S.50; 
rents yielded $1,1 IS 44. while payments of all 
kinds aggregated $2,333.75. The property of 
the Academy consists of the library and mu- 
seum, with its fixtures and furniture, bookcases, 
desks, safe, specimens of mammals and birds 
and the Crocker-Stanford collection. 

The real estate owned by the Academy is de- 
scribed as follows: Market street, lot lying on 
the southeast line of Market, 195 ft. southwest 
from Fourth, thence southwest 80 ft., thence 
southeast 275 ft., thence north 113 ft., thence 
northwest, 195 ft- to point of beginning {the gift 
of the late James Lick during his lifetime). The 
title is now perfect. City lot between Geary 
and Post streets, 187 7-12x240 ft. , corner of 
First avenue and Mears street. Osher perma- 
nent property to the value of $274.80 was also 
acquired by purchase during the year. There is 
in process of settlement a half interest as resid- 
uary legatee in the unsettled estate of James 
Lick, likely to be realized by the close of the 
year 1885. In August Mrs. E, B. Crocker, of 
Sacramento, donated a rare and valuable collec- 
tion of over 1,000 birds and 100 mnnmah in 
glass cases, valued at $12,000. Patrons of sci- 
ence have donated gifts to the amount of $32,- 

A valuable paleontologies! collection, pur- 
chased by Irving M. Scott, Wm. B. Hyde. Jas. 
O'B. Gunn, Christian Froelich, Jr., R. H. Pease, 
Jr., Andrew Carrigan, P. N. Lilienthal, J. B. 
Randoi and A. Chabot, has been donated to the 
Academy, and is now on exhibition at Mercan- 
tile Library hall. This was purchased from C. 
D. Voy, and is known aB the Voy collection. 
The Trustees have in charge as a special trust 
the "Crocker Scientific Investigation Fund," 
which consists of 20 registered bonds of the 
Southern Pacific railroad for $1,000 each, and 
the income is being regularly expended in assist- 
ing worthy investigators in accordance with the 
terms prescribed in the letter of Charles 
Crocker, the generous donor of the fund. Henry 
M. Newhall, a late fellow member, generously, 
as a donation, abated the &um of $300 from the 
rent of the building. The executors of the es- 
tate have reduced the rent to $150 monthly. 
Djring the year the Hoard of Trusteed held 34 
meetings. A special committee, appointed to 
consider the propriety of removing the museum 
of the Academy to some more suitable locality, 
failed to find a desirable building in a proper 
neighborhood . The Bum of $3, 430 was collected 
from 2S subscribers to provide a fund necessary 
to maintain the free exhibition of the Crocker- 
Stanford collection at Mercantile Library hall. 
Officers' Reports. 

The report of the Rscording Secretary, Chas. 
G. Yale, showed that there had been elected 
during the year 40 resident members and 23 
life members; deducting resignations, dropped 
for non-payment of dues and four life members 
who died, there was a net gain during the year 
of 47 members. There are now IIS life mem- 
bers and 188 resident members, or 306 in all. 
Twenty-five meetings of the Academy were 
held during the year, 24 being regular and one 
special. The average attendance at meetings 
during the year has been 51. 

The report of Elisha Brooks, Treasurer, 
showed the following items: Receipts, gifts, 
etc., $19,758.30; interest of Crocker's Scientific 
Investigation Fund, §1,200; from rents, $4,- 
118.44; from life memberships, $1,800; dues 
from resident members, $1 457.50; sundries. 
admission to museum, etc., $11,070; balance on 
hand January 3, 1882, $91.07. Total receipts, 
$28,536.21. Disbursements — Maintenance 
Fund, $17..S76 47; Crocker's Scientific Investi- 
gation Fund, including allowances made, $720; 
expenses investigating the Careon footprints, 

$103.15, $823.15; General Fund, rent of balls, 
( and all other expenses, $7,007.42. Total, $25.- 
787.04, leaving a balance in bank of $2,829.17. 
The report of the Librarian, Carlos Troyer, 
shows 843 volumes of valuable works received, 
besides the usual exchanges. All authors issu- 
ing pamphlets on subjects of,interest throughout 
the Pacific coast are requested to donate a copy 
for preservation in the Academy's library. 

Mr. Hanford, Director of the Museum, gave 
a summary of the donations to the museum for 
the year. 

Honors to Members. 
The Council of the Academy, acting under 
the privilege allowed it of nominating for life 
membership two members annually, presented 
the name of Gustaf Eisen, a young man who 
has done of late some very valuable scientific 
work in the investigation of "Earth Worms." 
He has contributed many botanical specimens 
to the Academy, and as a natural history student 
stands in the front rank. The Council's recom- 
mendation was adopted, and Mr. Eisen was 
unanimously elected, 

Vice-President J. P. Moore stated that one 
of our oldest and mosc valuable members was 
about to leave up to pursue scientific work at 
the Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, and 
he thought that the Academy should take seme 
suitable action in expressing its appreciation of 
his services and labors while with us and wish 
him Godspeed on his journey. He alluded to 
Dr. Robert E C. Stearns, who was well known 
to all the members aB one of our earnest 
workers and most intelligent co-laborers. Pro- 
fessor Davidson, the President, heartily co- 
incided with the views expressed by Mr. 
Moore. He said the scientific work done by 
Mr. Stearns in his specialty was recognized as of 
the highest value. He had been one who had 
always kept in view the highest interests of 
the Academy, and had been identified with it 
for many years. The Board of R-gents of the 
University of California, a very conservative 
body, had on his resignation of his long- held po- 
sition of Secretary of the Bjard, conferred on 
him the degree of Ph. D., an honor of which 
they are very chary. The President thought a 
committee should be appointed to draft suitable 
resolutions expressive of the regret of the 
Academy at Dr. Steam's departure. A motion 
to that effect having been maHe, J. P. Moore, 
H. W. Harkness and Dr. A. Kellogg were ap- 

Mr. Moore spoke of the valuable botanical 
and arborial work done by Dr. Albert 
Kellogg, under the patronage of the ' Crocker- 
Stanford Scientific Investigation Fund," which 
he characterized as unsurpassed for beauty of 
execution and thoroughness of detail. Dr. H. 
W. Harkness has labored constantly at his 
work on Fungi, assisted by Mrs. Dr. Curran. 
This new department of Fungology, now being 
paid so close attention to, was very important, 
and the labDrs of Dr. Harkness were of the 
greatest degree of value 

Transit of Venus. 
Prof. Davidson asked for one month's further 
time to prepare his report, as his time had been 
fully occupied since his return from observing 
the transit of Venus. He then gave a rapid 
sketch of his astronomical observations and the 
mechanical details of the transit party, with 
free-hand blackboard illustrations. The Pro- 
fessor described the peculiarities of the transit 
in detail, and gave a very interesting lecture. 
He Baid his party were favored with exceedingly 
e'ear and fine weather, and the contacts were 
tharp and clear, no "black drop" or wavy out- 
line being apparent. He spuke of the peculiar 
halo, or light, on part of the planet. He Baid 
two new observers, not professionals, Mr. J. P. 
Moore, at Mt. Diablo, "and Mr. Burkhalter, in 
Oakland, had observed a Hash of light on the 
planet when it left the sun, cot noticed by any 
other observers. Mr. J. P. Mooro described the 
transit as seen by him from Mt. Diablo. 

California State Geological Society. 

The sixth ann'i i' meeting of the California 
State Geological Sjsi^fcy was held Thursday, 
Dec. 2Sth, at the rooms of the State Mining 

The President read his annual address, w hich 
we have put in type, and will publish in full in 
next week's Press 

Henry Janin, M. E., Louis Janip, M. E., 
Hod. John Daggett, John D. Coughlin, D. W. 
C. Morgan, L. Wagoner, M. E., Jas. H. Cross- 
man, Hon. Jos. Wasson, Chas. G. Yale, W. B. 
Ewer and J. R. Scupham were elected regular 
members, and Dr. Joseph Szibo, of Budapest, 
Hungary, was elected a corresponding member. 

A paper by James H. Cro»sman, describing 
Santa Fe mining district, E:meralda, Nev., 
was read by the Secretary. 

The election of officers for tbe ensuing year 
resulted aR follows : President, Henry G. 
Hanks; Vice-President, Melville Attwood; 
Secretary, S. Heydenfeldt, Jr. 

Important to Miners. — The Supreme Court 
of this State has recently rendered a decision to 
the effect that the law of Congress requiring an 
annual expenditure of $100 on unpatented min- 
ing claims applies to gravel and placer claims 
as well as quartz. It has usually been con- 
sidered that the law was intended for quartz 
claims only, but owners of all kinds of uupat- ■ 
ented mining ground have now a warning that 
it is important that they shall heed, and if the 
requisite amount of work has not been done 
within the past year, they should be prompt in 
commencing the labor now at the opening of the 
new year. 

January G, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

The State Mining; Bureau. 

Report of the State Mineralogist. 
The report of State Mineralogist Hanks 
has been laid on our table this week, and while 
no very careful review is possible, we tind much 
of interest. The report tills 288 pages, with an 
appendix of 200 pages, and there is also a cata- 
logue of It lit pages, showing the specimens given 
to the Bureau during the year ending April 10, 
1881. The report itself cov- 
ers a period of two year*. 
The following figures will 
show the growth of the in- 

Receipts from Dec. 1 , 
1880, t<. Btpt. 1, 1882, 
total, $15,432 ''■• Total 
warrants iMsut-'i From Deo., 
Is *0, to June 1, 1882, |20, 
358 65. * 'jinplete tabulated 
statements of all transac- 
tions are embodied in the 
report. In addition to a 
tine collection to start with 
(all of the State Geological 
Society's accumulation), 
there have been added be- 
tween Dec. 1880, and Sept. 
I, 1882, 723 books and 
pamphlets, Oh" maps, chart- 
ami pictures and 2,1*24 
specimens of minerals, as 
follows : 

Donate d— BookB and 
pamphlets, u'82 ; maps, 
chart*, f tc. , 39; mine rale, 
etc., l.IKMrtotal, 2,565. 

Purchased — Biokp, 102; 
map?, etc. , 27 ; minerals, 
etc.. 220; total, 34b'; grand 
total, 2,914 

This, added to the pre* 
vions collection, which con- 
sisted of — books and pamph- 
lets, 433; map?, charts, etc., 
til; minerals, etc., 2,023; 
total, 2,517, presents a 
grand total of 5,431 eat*. 
logaed and prepared for ex- 
hibition. There is still a 
large number of mineial 
and other specimens not yet 
catalogued, of which no re* 
cord is made. Mr. Perkins, the Secretary, adds 
the following interesting information on an im- 
portant feature of the Bureau: Since the date of 
the latt report 1 090 letters have been written to 
1,023 corresponien a, as follows: Commun'ca- 
tioos and replies on sundry subjects, 563; 
acknowledgements, 198; information on miner- 
al*, 151; information, variou?, 175; total, 1,090 
During the same period there were received 900 
letters from 059 correspondents, as follows: 
Sundry subjects, 1S6; acknowledgments, 91; in- 
quiry on minerals, 96; in- 
quiry, various, 206; dona- 
tions, 93; information, 223; 
total, 900. 

The principal paper In 
the report is on Piacer, Hy- 
draulic and Drift Mining, 
by the State Mineralogist. 
He also has a paper on 
Ores end Iron Industries 
of California. There is also 
a charter on "Lumber and 
Kue' ; ' oi.eoii "Salt in Cali- 
fornia;" one on "Mud Vol- 
oanoes in the Colorado 
Desert;" on "Diamonds in 
California;" "Notes on 
Mica;" "Notes on Itoacoe- 
lite;" "Diatoms and Di- 
atoinaceouB Eirth." There 
is also a glossary of miniog 
terms, compiled by Dr. Dd 
Groct. There is also in the 
chapter on hydraulic min- 
ing some copious notes on 
gold, and tables of yield of 
California gold mines. 

The appendix contains 
several papers supplement- 
ary to the Report of the 
State Mineralogist, The 
moat exhaustive is on "The 
Forest Trees of California," 
by Dr. Albert Kellogg. We 
have pub iahea a number cf 
descriptions from this pait 
of the report, which fo msd 
part of a separate publica- 
tion punted some time 
since. "Notej on Hydrau- 
lic Mining" is a j aper by F. 
W. Piobinson. "Hydraulic 
and Drift Mining" is by 
Dr. Henry De Grcot. "On 
the Milling of Gold Quartz" 
is by Melville Allurra. "Rare Minerals Re- 
cently Found in the State" is by Wm. P. 
Blake. "Fkur God" ia by Almarin B. Paul. 

The following remarks by the State Miner- 
alogist show the growth of the museum: "A 
catalogue of the first year's collections, amount- 
ing to 3,000 in number, has been prepared and is 
ready for distribution. The number of speci- 
mens entered and ready for the museum is now 
4 147, and there are at least 2,000 more not so 
entered, but in process of claBsihcation. The 
museum is growing more rapidly than is gener- 
ally known or could be expected; specimens are 
flowing in from every part of the State, and also 
from other States and Territories of the Pacific 

coast. Besides these, many valuable rpecimeus 
have been obtained in exchange with other 
States of the United States with foreign coun- 

"Duplicatf Specimens, — In making the collec- 
tions many duplicates have been collected. To 
these have been given the same numbers re 
chived by the specimens in the museum cases. 
It is the intention of the management to place 
these duplicates in suitable drawers in wbiob 

it is also true that, with a few trilling excep- 
tions, no money has been expended beyond fur- 
nishing caees and paying necessary freight; nor 
in any way has the legitimate working of the 
Mining Bureau been interfered with by this 
cause. The popularity of the institution has 
stimulated the generosity of citizens, and the 
State Museum has been greatly enriched by 
these donations. The policy of the State Min- 
ing Bureau was set fourth in tircuUrs issued 

they will be accessible, and to make up sets tor I and published in the tirst_ report of the State 


the use of the public schools, and to be used in 
exchanges. Application has already been made 
by the State Normal Schools, and, as soon as 
possible, selections will be Bet aside from the 
duplicates for those institutions. Application 
was also made by the dental department of the 
State University for a set of mineral* to illus- 
trate hardness of minerals, which was furnished 
as requested. 

"Toe establishment of the State Mining Bu- 
reau has developed, or rather made manifest, the 

Mineralogist, from which no deviation ha? bee i 
made, except when f r, rced by the dimiuishing 
Mining Bureau fund." 

As we have said, it has been impossible in 
the limited time to go into any extended re- 
view of the report; but it appears a creditable 
document, and one that will be of interest to 
the mining community for whom it was writ- 
ten. It is to be hoped that it will be circulated 
in this State, which pays for it, and not be to> 
freely scattered elsewhere, as seems to be the 


want of a first-class chemical and metallurgical 
laboratory, in which analytic of ores, minerals, 
mineral waters, rocks, building stones and other 
mineral deposits of the State should be made, 
and the results published for the benefit of the 
people of the State directly and the world at 
large indirectly." 

With regard to the nature of the colle ction 
Mr. Hanks says: "It has been intimated that 
the Mining Bureau has paid undue attention to 
the collection of curiosities and speoimens of 
natural history, and* in doing so, has over- 
stepped the intentions of the Mining Bureau 
bill. While it is true that many valuable do- 
nations of this character have been received, 

fate with U. S. Mining Commissioners' and, 
Mint Directors' report*, few of which reach the 
people for whom they are intended. Oar legis- 
lators, when they get t he's a reports, should look 
to it that representative miners in their locali- 
ties obtain them. 

The Old South Church of Boat m has called 
Rsv. George A. Gordon, of Greenwich, Coan., 
at a salary of $8,000 and the parsonage. 

Lead in L : verpool is quoted at £14 to £14 
2*. 61. for English, and £13 15a. per ton for 
Slavish, with and without Bilver. 

Winter at the Seaside in California. 

It is only upon the Pacific coast that seaside 
ecete* a e delightful the ye»r round. Winter 
on the Atlantic coast is most dreary, and the 
various resort hotels stand deserted upon 
lonely waste?. It is quits different in Califor- 
nia, for winter at the seaside is even more de- 
lightful than summer. The greater part of the 
tinae}the sunshine is warm, the air cltar, the 
fields and gardens full of 
beauty and fragrance, and 
the whole scene is inperfect 
contrast with the "winter" 
as it is known in all other 
jatts of the country. 

There are several seaside 
places which are truly en- 
titled to diit'ncMon as win- 
ter restVts. but the most 
prominent just now is Mon- 
teiey, with its splendid 
hotel and its handsi me 
grove and well-kept gard- 
ens. Our .engravings give 
glimpses at some of the 
charms at Monterey. One 
of the pictures is a view of 
the Hotel del Monte, which 
was built in 1880, and is 
without question the hand- 
somest watering place hotel 
in America. The site se- 
lected was in a lovely grove 
of pine, oak and cedar, the 
treeB beingauffieiently scat- 
tered to admit of the adorn- 
ment of the grounds by 
means of drive*wa;s. foot- 
naths, lawns and b«ds of 
flowei a. A plat of 1 26 acres 
was enclosed and set aside 
*s ihe hotel grounds, wlile 
7 000 acres more were pur- 
ohaaed for other purpojes. 
L'he fact that the vi ilor 
may ride a score of milej 
overwell-kept macadamized 
roads, and be nearly all the 
time within the borders of 
the hotel company's prop* 
erty, serves to show in 
some measure the vaat ex- 
tent of these possessions. 
The Hotel del Monte is constructed in the 
modern gothic style, and coat, with itsfnrniture 
and other appointments, a quarter of a million 
of dollars. No seaside hotel upon the Atlantic 
coaat can app:oich its plan of exterior, while its 
interior design and finish display the same le- 
Sned taste and lavish uae of wea th. 

Another engraving gives a scene in the park 
surrounding the Hotel del Monte. The picture 
is from a photograph taken by Watkins, in 
January, 1SS2, and thus gives the grounds in 
their true winter condition. 
The evergreen oaks, the 
fresh grass, the blooming 
plants in the borders show 
how gentle is the air and 
warm the winter's tun. In 
its beautiful embewerment 
of foliage and flowers, the 
Hotel del Monte resembles 
some rich private home in 
the middt of a broad park. 
TbiB impression is light- 
ened when the broader ex- 
tent of avenues, lawns and 
fljwer-bi rlered walks come 
into vitw. The gardener's 
art has turned many acres 
into a choice conservatory, 
where the richest flowers 
blossom in profusion. Here 
and there are swings, cro- 
quet plat?, an archery, 
lawn-tennis grounds and 
bins of fine beach sand, the 
latter baing intended for 
the uae and delectation of 
the children who cannot 
await the bathing hour for 
the daily visit 1 1 the beach. 
In all directions there are 
seats for loungers, and the 
situation and arrangements 
are in every way delightful. 

Gold Coin Made Here. 
Coinage operations at the 
Mint <n this city for the 
year 1882 were confined to 
gold coin and standard dol- 
lars, as follows; Double 
eagles, $24,175 000; eagles, 
g2.S20.0C0; half eagles, $1,. 
670 000; standard dollarr, 
§9,250 000; tctal, $37,915,. 
CIO. The laigest amonnt 
of coinage for the year was in August, when 
$6,130,000 was made, including $5,180,000 
in double eagles and $050,000 in standard 
dollarr. The amount of standard dollars coined 
last yeir is $3,510,000 less than in 1881. This 
decrease is due to the inability to procure fine 
silver for the Mint here on as favorable terms 
aa at the other Mints. The total co'nagti for 
1881 was $11,845,000, and for 1S30 it was $37,- 
427,000. There was comparatively little small 
"nid coined last year. la 1SSI there was $9,- 
700,000 in eagles and $4,845 000 in half eagles. 

Judge Sawyer is visiting tl e slick ens district 
in Yuba county, 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[.January 6, 1883 

ohioago ERASER & CHALMERS. ^™«» 


Frue Ore Concentrator, or Vanner Mills. 

Coarse Concentrating Works, Improved Jisja, CruBhiug; Rollers, Sizera, Trommels, Kittenger Tables, and all other 
adjuncts for the proper working of Gold, Silver and Copper Ores, complete in every detail. 

HALLIDIE IMPROVED ORE TRAMWAYS. We refer to Gen. Cluster mine, Idaho, 6,000 feet long; 
Coiumbus Mine, Col., 4,750 feet long; Mary Murphy mine, Col., 6,000 feet lont>, all in constant operation. 


Improved Corliss and Plain Slide Valve Meyer's Cut-off Engines. 

CORLISS ENGINES from 12x36 Cylinders to 30x60. PLAIN SLIDE VALVES from 0x10 to 36x30. BOILERS 
of every form, made of Pine Irtn Works C. H. No. 1 flange Iron, or Otis Steel. Workmanship the most careful. All 
Rivets Hand Driven. 

Having made extensive additions to our Shops and Machinery, we have now the LARGEST and BEST AP- 
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Water Jackets either Wrought or cast iron, made in sections or one piece, either round, oblong, oval or square. Our 
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Wire Rope, Safety Cages and any Size and Forms of Cars 
Principal Office and Works, Fulton and Union Sts., Chicago, Illinois. 

Lar»e or Small for flat or rouud rope. Double Cylinder Engines, from 6x10 to ISxCO. This latter size furnished J. P. Haggin for Giant and Old Abe Co. , Black 
alsoCorliss Pumping Engines, 26x60, for Hoisting and Pumping Works, for 2,000 feet deep. Baby Hoists for Prospecting 1 , 4: H. P. to G H. P. 

McCaskell's Patent Car Wheels and Axles- Best in Use. 
New York Office, Walter McDermott, Manager, Room 32, No. 2 Wall St. 

$1,000 CHALLENGE! 




Over 400 are now in use, giving entire satisfaction. Saves from 40 to 100 per cent, more than any other Con- 
centrator in use, and concentration are clean from the first working. Tlie wear and tear are merely nominal. 

A machine can be seen in working order, and ready to make teats, at the office of Hinckley, Spiers & Hayes, 220 
Fremont Street. 

To thoBe Intending to manufacture or purchase tue so-called "Triumph" Concen- 
trator, we herewith state: 

That legal advice has been given that all shaking motion applied to an endless traveling belt used for concen- 
tration of or*>s is an infringement on patents held and owned by the Frue Vanning Machine Company. 

That suit hi8 been commenced in New York against an end-shake midline similar to the TriumL-h, and lhat as 
soon as decision ig reached in the courts there, proceedings will be taken against all Western iif ringcmente. 

That the patent laws make users of infringements responsible as well as makers, and the public is therefore 
warned that there is considerable risk in purchasing any end-Bbake machine until our various patents Lave been 

That if there are those who for any reason prefer an end-jbake machiue, we can manufacture and sell to such a 
machine of that description, as efficient as the Triumph, and at a lower price, and no liability for infringement will 
then be incurred by the purchaser. 

That we shall protect ourselves against any one making, selling or using any machine infringing any of our 
patents. Patented July 9, 1867; May 4, 1869; Dec. 22, 1874; Sept. 2, 1S79; April 27, 18S0. Patent? applied for. 

That we are, and have been, ready at any time, to make a competitive trial against the Triumph, or any other 
machine, for stakes of SI, 000. 

ADAMS & CARTER, Agents Frue Vanning Machine Company, 

Room 7, 109 California Street, - - - - SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

Nov. 6. 1882 


The "Old Reliable," 

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Those improving water power Bhould not fail to write us for New Prices, before 
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WheeL Address 


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Successors to MOREY & SPERRY, 
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Amalgamation. Hoisting and Pumping Machinery, Chloridiz- 
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WAREROOMS: 92 & 9* Liberty St., Nt w York, 

Foundry and Machine Shop: Newburg, M. Y, 

linn NOTICE.— The public and former friends and 

matrons of the old firm of Morey & S perry are 

\ereby notified that the above-named Company ia 

ha legitimate and ONLY snecessor to the said 

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We shall continue the business, with 

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Morey, of the late firm of Morey & Sperry, will manage the trainees of "hie taiv iSLi!. Franklin 

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January 6, It 

Mining and Scientific Press. 




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Books for Miners and Millmen, 

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panion, by .1 . S. Phillips, M. E.~, comprising a practical ex- 
position of the Various Departments of Exploration, Mining, 
Engineering, Assaying, and Metallurgy, containing 672 
Pages and S3 Engravings. Piiee, bound in cloth, $10.50. 
Soidby Dewey it Co., S. F. 

Church's "Comstock, Lode, its Formation and 
History."— Illustrated with diagrams and colored charts 
showing sectiouB, ore bodies, etc. Post-paid, $7.50. Sold 
by Dewey & Co., S. F. 

U. S. Mining Laws and Coal Land Laws —Contain- 
ing instructioua and blank forms. Postpaid, 50 cents. Sold 
by Dewey* Co., 8. F. 

Mining. Engineering, Mechanical, Farming, Sci- 
entific Industrial and New Books in general can be 
ordered through Dewey & Co,, publishers of the Mining 
and Scientific Press, S. F.. at publishers' rates. 

San Francisco Pioneer Screen Works 

J. W. QUICK, Mantjpaoturhe. 

Several first premiums received 
I for Quartz Mill Screens, and Per- 
I forated Sheet Metals of every 
l description. I would call special 
I attention to my SLOT CUT and 
I which are attracting much at- 
I teution and giving universal 
I satisfaction. This is the only 
\ establishment on the coast de- 
voted exclusively to the manufac- 
ture of Screens. Mill owners using Battery Screens exteL- 
nivoly can contract for large supplies at favorable ratoe. 
Orders solicitedand promptly attended to. 

32 Fremont Street, San Francieoo. 


Mining Machinery, 

For Catalogue', Eatimatep, Etc., address 

Berry & Place Machine Company, 

PARKE & LACY, Proprietors. 


Patent Life- Saving Respirator, 


Invaluable to those' 
et gaged in dry ciush- 
iDg quartz n i Is. quick- 
silvtr mines, whi e lead 
corroding, feeding 
thrashing machines 
and all occupations 
where the surroundiug 
atmosphere is filled 
with dust, obnoxious 
smells or pnl8< n iij 
vapois. The Kespha- 
tors are sold subject 
toapnruvtl after trial, 
and, if not sstisfactoiy, 
the price wi 1 he rt- 
funded. Price, S3 
each, or $30 per dozen. 

Address all corn muni - 
c a t, ions and orders 

H. H. BROMLEY, Sole Agent, 

43 S cr-amento Street. Sen Franc scj, Cal. 


We have on sale, at a very low price, a RUTHERFORD 
ORE PULVERIZER, which is in perfectly good order .in 
a strong frame, with pulley, etr. . all ready for work. 

It has only bten used a couple of months, and is cb 
Good as New. 

This is a good opportunity for anyone wanting a Pul- 
verizer of moderate capacity for a low priee. Address, 

252 Market St., S. F. 



We guarantee our COMPOUND to remove 
all scale and prevent any more being deposited The 
COMPOUND forming a glazed surface on the iron, 
to which uo scale will ad hero and which preserves the iron. 
The preparation is strictly vegetable, and is war- 
ranted to do all that is claimed for it without injury 
to the metal. Send for a circular. 

H. P. GREGORY <5fc CO., Agents, 
San Francisco. 

RiCH'RD C. REMMEY, Agent, 

Philadelphia. Chemical Stoneware Manufactory, 

On O E Cumberland St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Manufacturer of all kinds of Chemical Stone Ware for 

.Manufacturing Chemists. Also, Chamical 

Bricks for (llovo Towers 

A Partner Wanted in a Rich Si ver Mine. 

A Miner of many years' experience having discovered 
and located a Mining Claim on a Rich Silver Lode at a 
place n it very far distant from Sm Francisco wibhes to 
mettwith some party with Capital to Join him in (le- 
vel ipiog same. 

OiU be seen at 531 California Street, room 1, where 
samples and assays of the Rock can be teen. 


Metallurgist and MmiDgr Engineer. 

Erecliin of Leaching and Chlorination Works a 
specialty. Address, 


Cor. Fourth and Market Stg., St. Louts, Mo. 

(letalllirgy and Ore?. 


118 & 120 Halleck Street, 

Near UMonlorft, SAN FRANCISCO. 


aVPereonil attention Insures Correct Returns. *6a 

Nevada Metallurgical Works, 


Near First and Market Streets, S. F. 

EsTABLiBMBD, 1809. 0. A. Luceuardt, Mauagor. 

Orea Worked by any Process. 

Ores Sampled. 

Assaying in all its Branohes. 

Analyses of Ores, Minerals, Waters, Etc 

Working Tests (Practical) Made. 

Plans and Specifications furnished for the 
most suitable process for working Ores. 

Special attention paid to Examinations of 
Mines, plans and reports furnished. 


(Formerly Huhu & Luckhardl) 
Mining Engineers and Metallurgists 



Assayers' Materials, 



118 and 120 Market Street, and 15 and 17 
California St., San Francisco. 

We would call the attention of Assayers, Chemists, 
Mining Companies, Milling Companies, Prospectors, etc., 
to our full Btock of Balances, Furnaces, Muffles, Cruci- 
bles, Scoriflora, etc., including, also, a full stock of 

lhi\ ing been encaged in furnishing these supplies since 
the lirst discovery of mines on the Pacific Coast, we feel 
coufldent from our experience we can well suit the de- 
mand for Lh ese (roods both as to quality and price. Our 
iVtu) Jtlustruted Catalogue, with priceB, will be sent on 

g& Our Gold and Silver Tables, showing the value per 
ounce Troy at different degrees of fineness, and valuable 
tables for computation of assays in grains a<d grammes, 
will be sent free upon application. Agents lor the Patent 
Plumbago Crucible Co., London, England. 




318 Pine St., (Basement), 

Corner of Leidesdorff Street, 


Ores Sampled and Assayed, and Tests Made by any 

Assaying and Analysis of Ores, Minerals and Watera 

Mines examined and reported on. 

Piactical Instruction given in Treating Ores by ap- 
pro\ ed proceBBea. 

Mining Engineers and Metallurgist 

The Explorers' Miners' and 
Metallurgists' Companion. 

Co uprising a Practical Exposition of the Va- 
rious D pirtmenta of Exploration, 
Mining, Ejginnering, Assaying, 
and Metallurgy, 

Containing 672 Pages and 83 Engravings, 

Of California a Practical Operator for Thirty-eight 

Years; Explorer and Resident in the Pacific States 

and Territories for ihe past Twelve years. 

PRICE— bound in cloth, §10,50; in leather, $12. 
For sale at this otfice. 

HriIiitancks to this office should be made by postal or- 
de, jr registered letter, when practicable; cost of postal 
urd( r, foi §15 or less, 10 ets. ; for registered letter, in ail 
ditivu to regular postage (at 3 ets. per half-ounce), 10 ets 


issay Office and Chemical 

6? 4 Sacramento St.. S. F 


Chemist and Assayer, 

No. 110 Sutter St., S. P. 

kGH-ST. - •••'J.S.PHILLIPS- Httol 

Ejd43 Years' Practice! Pacific Coast l4t| 
Send/or list of las Mining Books. Tools. <£c. 
lmtruc'ion an Axwyinq and Testing 


Assaying Apparatw selected and supplied. 
I Agency for a Swansea Co. buying mixed orea J 


Luther Wagoner. 

John Hays Hammond 





SAN francisco. cal. 

Mining and Civil Engineer, 

Montgomery Street, San Francisco. 
i^Tfcepnrta Snrvrtyfi ftnd Piano m* Mi)i*w maria MrS 


Practical, Civil, Mechanical and Min- 
ing Engineering 1 , 


24 Post Street, San Francisco 

\. VAN DER NAEL.I.BN, Principal. 

Send for Circular. 


Mining and Scientific Press.T 

[January 6, 1883 

A New Fire Extinguisher. 

We examined this week, at 409 California 
Btreet, a new form of fire extinguisher present* 
ing several novel and improved features which 
make it a very (superior apparatus, overcoming 
the objections to the old forms. The extin- 
guieher, as the cat represents, is a double tank 
made of galvanized iron or brass, each tank 
holding three gallons of water, and connected 
only by a fine braBS double-acting, ball- valve 

The chemicals, which are called No. 1 and 
No. 2, are carried in separate boxes, one on 
each side, a charge in each box. The tanks are 
filled with clear water, and in case of fire the 
chemicals are put in, one package in each tank. 
The pump is worked with one hand and the 
hose directed on the tire with the other, the 
pump drawing from one side water charged 
with No. 1 and from the other charged from 
No. 2, the two coming together in fcheaii-cham- 
bar and hose, thus forming a powerful stream 
of water highly charged with carbonic aoid gas, 
the great destroyer of fire. 

This machine is very simple indeed, and is 
durable because there are no chemicals to cor- 
rode the material of its construction. There is 
never any preaBure in the tanks, and there is 
therefore no danger of their bursting. 

This machine can be tested at any time by 
Bimply taking a couple of strokes with the 
pump. Moreover the contents can be replen- 
ished in a moment when the charge is out; or 
water alone can be forced on to the embers 
when the chemical charge has been expended. 

There is no danger of a machine exploding on 
a man's back, as the chamber contains no gas, 
the gas forming where the streams are brought 
together in the top of the pump. The apparatus 

is Bet on the ground, and the pump operated in 
that way, so that a very powerful stream can be 

A company has recently been formed to man- 
ufacture the apparatus. The machine is called 
the "Climax Fire Extinguisher," and has been 

For miners' use, particularly, this is a very 
efficient machine, as with it an incipient fire in 
a shaft or drift can be quickly and readily 
stopped. A few of the machines, set in the dif- 
ferent parts of a mine and always ready for 
use, would be invaluable, and they are easily 
and readily operated and are very effective. 

Some tests were recently made at the Mare 
Island navy yard by order of the Secretary of 
the Navy, and Commodore Phelps, Command- 
ant, reports as follows : 

"In compliance with your order of October 16, 1882, 
directing; me to test and report upon the value of a "fire 
extinguisher" invented by A. F. Spawn, I respectfully 
Bubmit the following: 

"A pile of light wood, tar barrels, etc., well Bprinkled 
with refuse tar and pitch, about 8 feet in diameter and 
hight, was lighted, and when well on fire the stream from 
the extinguisher was brought in play. Wherever it 
struck the fire was at once put out. 

"On the 10th inst. another trial of the "extinguisher" 
(similar In every respect to the first) was made, with the 
same reBult bo far as it waB concerned; and in competi- 
tion with a new Martin's, recently charged for the pur- 
pose, and Bhowing on its gauge a pressure of 102 poundB, 
against a separate fire of precisely the same character, it 
showed a decided BUperiority. The latter made no im- 
preBBion whatever, and when exhausted the fire was burn- 
ing sb fiercely as at the commencement. 

"The principal advantages of Spawn's (not considering 
the nature of the chemical) are that it is charged only 
when needed for actual use; is in immediate readlneBS, 
and can be re-charged as often as required without inter- 
fering with its action; that the charges being kept dry, 
do not deteriorate any more than the spare ones furnished 
for the extingutBhers (Martini) now in uBe; and that the 
apparatus itaelf, not being under the continual heavy 
pressure of those now furnished, do not become useless 
through leaks." 

t The number of real estate sales in San 
Francisco in 1881 was 2.277, amounting 
to $12,233,933, while 2,835 sales, of 
the value of $15,1277,20, were made in 
1882, The increase was, in value, mostly in the 
business portion of the city. Down-town busi- 
nests property of all kinds has increased in value 
within a year §50,000,000. Many properties 
lying north of California street, which had beon 
for sale for one to three years and could find no 
buyers, all went off in 1882, and generally at an 
advance on the old prices. 

Overworked men and women, persons of sedentary 
habits, and othera whose system needs recuperction, 
nerves toned and musclee strengthened, should use 
Brown's Iron Bitters, 

List of U. S. Patents for Pacific Coast 

From the official list of U. S. Patents in Dkwby & Co.'s 
Soisnttmc Prbss Patbnt Aobnct, 252, Market St., S. F. 

For Webk Ending Dbcbmbbr. 26, 1S82. 

269,613.— Lettbr and Bill File— Frank D. AdamB, Au- 
burn, Cal. 

269,563.— Orb Concentrator — W. P. Davis, Spring 
City. Nev. 

269 656.— Steam Trap— A. L. Fish, S. F. 

269,588.— Watcu Regulator— J. C. Landmann, Dutch, Cat. 

269,589.— Device for Breaking Balky Horses— Job. 
LucaB, Lo3 Angeles, Cal. 

269,701.— Header and Thrasher— Wm. H. Parrish, 
Salem, Or. 

269,719.— Drafting Instrument— H. C. Root, S. F. 

269,610.— Sbwikg Implement— Maria A. Wilson, Grayson, 

9,907.— Trade Mark— Granite Powder Co., S. F. 

Nora.— Copies of U. S. and Foreign Patents furnished 
by Dbwby & Co. in the shortest time possible (by tele- 
graph or otherwise) at the lowest rates. All patent busi- 
ness for Pacific coast Inventors transacted with perfect 
security and in the shortest possible time. 

At New York agents of the leading steamship 
lines complain that the shipping trade is in any- 
thing but a satisfactory condition. The British 
lines complain of the competition of the email 
and slow independent steamers known as ocean 

The c Ulcers of the Chicago Exposition pro- 
pose that the city government allow them 4% 
dividends on their ttock per annum and allow 
certain annual improvements, and that the bal- 
ance of money earned bs set aside for a public 
ai t museum. 


The blood is the foundation of 
fife, it circulates through every part 
of the body, and unless it is pure 
and rich, good health is impossible. 
If disease has entered the system 
the only sure and quick way to drive 
it out is to purify and enrich the 

These simple facts are well 
known, and the highest medical 
authorities agree that nothing but 
iron will restore the blood to its 
natural condition ; and also that 
all the iron preparations hitherto 
made blacken the teeth, cause head- 
ache, and are otherwise injurious. 

Brown's Iron Bitters will thor- 
oughly and quickly assimilate with 
the blood, purifying and strengthen- 
ing it, and thus drive disease from 
any part of the system, and it will 
not blacken the teeth, cause head- 
ache or constipation, arid is posi- 
tively not injurious. 

Saved his Child. 

17 N. Eutaw St., Baltimore, Md. 
Feb. 12, 1880. 

Gents : — Upon the recommenda- 
tion of a friend I tried Brown's 
Iron Bitters as a tonic and re- 
storative for my daughter, whom 
I was thoroughly convinced was 
wasting away with Consumption. 
Having lost three daughters by the 
terrible disease, under the care of 
eminent physicians, I was loth to 
believe that anything could arrest 
the progress of the disease, but, to 
my great surprise, before my daugh- 
ter had taken one bottle of Brown's 
Iron Bitters, she began to mend 
and now is quite restored to former 
health. A fifth daughter began to 
show signs of Consumption, and 
when the physician was consulted 
he quickly said "Tonics were re- 
quired;" and when informed that 
the elder sister was taking Brown's 
Iron Bitters, responded "that is 
a good tonic, take it." 

Adoram Phelps. 

Brown's IronBitters effectual- 
ly cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion and 
Weakness, and renders the greatest 
relief and benefit to persons suffering 
from such wasting diseases as Con- 
sumption, Kidney Complaints, etc. 

The "Garland" Patent 

Ib a sure shut-off ag&inBt 
Sewer Gas and Back Waier. 
The Loaled Metal Ball Valve 
issl'fii.tly heavier than water. 
This Tran can be t>ut in at 
small exptnBe. and is warranted 
to nive satisfaction. Highly 
recommended by leadin g 
Architects and Plumbers. 
Used in all new, first-class 
buildings in San Francisco, in- 
cludinR Phelnn Block. For 
^ eale bv all dealers in Plumbers' 
Goods, and by the "OAKLAND" IMPROVED SEWER 
GAS TRAP MF'O CO., 1901 Broadway, Oakland, Cal. 
Coast Rights for Eale. 

^ijiijig and Other Copipapie?. 

Persons interested In incorporations will 
do well to recommend the publication 
of the official notices of their companies 
in this paper, as the cheapest appropriate 
medium for advertising. 



Standard Consolidated Mining Company. 

San Francisco, January 2, 1883 
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held this day, Dividend Nc. 50, of 
twenty five cents (25c.) per Bhare, was declared, payable 
on Friday, January 12, 18S3, at the (.fficc in this city, or 
at the f armerb' Loan and Trust Company in New York. 
WM. WILLIS, Secretary. 
OFFICE— Room 20, Nevada Block, No. 309 Mont- 
gomery St., San Francisco, CaL 



Navajo Mining Company. 

San Francisco, January 3, 1883. 
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held this day, Dividend No. 5, of twenty - 
five cents (25c.) per share, was declared, payable on Fri- 
day, January 12, 1883. Transfer books closed on Satur, 
day, January 6, 1883, at 12 o'clock M. 

J. W. PEW, Secretary. 
OFFICE— Room 15, No. 310 Pine St., San Eiuncisco, 



Bulwer Consolidated Mining Company. 

San Francisco, December 26, 1882. 

At a meetiDg of the Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held this day, Dividepd No. 14, of five 
cents (5c.) per Bhare, was declared, payable on Friday, 
January 12, 1883. Transfer books closed on Tuesday, 
Jauuavy 2, 1883, at 3 o'clock p. M. This dividend is pay- 
able at the Farmerb' Loan and Trust Company in New 
York on all Btock issued th<re, and at the office in this 
city on all stock issued here. WM. WILLI', Sec'y. 

OFFICE— Room 29, Nevada Block, No. 309 Mont 
gomery St., San Francnco, Cal. 

San Francisco Savings Union 

532 California Street, cor. Webb. 

For the half year ending with December 81, 1882, a 
DiviJeud has been declared at the rate of four and thirty- 
two one-hundredth (4.32) per cent, per annum on term 
depoaits and three aid sixty one-hundredtha (3 60) per 
cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of Federal 
tax, payable on and after Wednesday, January 17, 1883. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 

Per the half year ending December 31*»t, 1882, thi 
Board of Directors of THE GERMAN SAVINGS AND 
LOAN SOCIETY has declared a dividend ou Term De- 
posits at the rate of four and thirty -two one-hutidredths 
(4 32-100) per cent, per annum, and on Ordinary Depos- 
its at the rate of three and six-tenths (..: 6 10) per cent, 
per annum, free from Federal Tuxes, and payable on and 
ufter the 2nd day of January, 18S3. By order, 

GEO. LETTE, Secretary. 

Attention, Boiler-makers and Engineers! 

Ju3t Out I The Best Work of its Clas3 Published II 
The Theoretical and Practical Boiler-maker. 

By SamuelNicholls, Foreman Boiler-maker. EinbracesfuU. 
details of Geometry and 0rih>junt|>liic Projection as applied 
to Boilermakiug . alr.otu make, draw, desiyn, und set out all 
kinds of Templet Work, us Ellipse*, Cones, Truncated Cones, 
Oblique Cones, Frustums of Cones. Chimney Bottoms, Cyl- 
inders, Cylinder and Cone, Cylinder ami Sphere, Cylinder 
connected with Curved Tube, Cylinder and Angular Tube, 
Cylinder with Spiral Staircase. Hip Roof and Cylinder, 
Tubes, Angular Tubes, T Tubes, Taper Tubes, Curved Tubes, 
Quadrant Tubes, Downtake Tubes. Flues, spheres, Domes, 
etc., of every kind, illustrated with 74 diagrams, including 
a full solution of all the problems relating to Boilermakfng. 
The Cylinder, its sections, penetration, and development , 
Welding and Construction, Drilling. Punching, Riveting, 
Single and Double Riveted Lap and fjutt Joints, with Smgie 
and Double Strips. Diameter, Spacing. Strength, and 
Pitch of Rivets; strength and Pitch of Stays. On Loco- 
motive, Marine, Cylinder, Multitubular, and Ejrg-eiuled 
Boilers. Power of Boiler-. Heat inn' Surface of Boiler Tubes 
m square feet ; (he Lever Safety-Valve; the Cylinder; the 
Sphere; Area of Fire urates; Quantity of steam required 
for an Engine; Flat Surfaces, Boiler Explosions, Practical 
Notes on Steam ; Properties of Saturated Steam ; Propor- 
tion o| Boilers; iiurstmg pressure of lap-jointed Wrought 
Iron Cylindrical Boilers. Collapsing pressure of Wrought 
Iron Cylindrical Tubes of varying thicknesses. Practical 
Rules, Instruction, and Memoranda i\.r Boilermakers- Ma- 
terial lor Boiler Construction; Weight, Strength, and 
Dimensions ot Wrought Iron Boiler-plates and Iron Bars, 
Strength ot Steel Plates, treatment of do. ; Strength of 
Pates at different temperatures; Strencrih ol Ropes and 
Chains; Properties of Metals; Weight "of Wi ought Iron 
Cylinders pei- lineal loot of any given diameter and thick- 
ness; Angle Iron Hoops; Hiuni., Cir , and Areas of Circles, 
with detailed calculations relating to Boiler Construction; 
to determine thickness of Boiler-Heads, Cylinder Covers, 
etc. Mensuration as applied to Boiler-making. Fuel Valves, 
i oinbu^tion ,,t I- uel, Evaporation of Water; Setting Boilers. 
Incrustation, Uoiler Scale Preventives, 35 kinds; Decimal 
equivalents, Wek-ht of Water; Expansion of Water; 
Squares, cubes, and Roots , Fusing Points of Metals; Con- 
ducting Powers of Metals; Useful Dellnitions, Reference 
Table.-is.lpagcsi tor Boih-r-makers, Engineers, Smiths, etc. 
1 vol. 12mo, extra cloth. Mailed post free to anv address 
"!' ' 1 ',"T^,' t °£ S ~/'°o S > elld for 128 P* 1 ^' Illustrated Catalogue 
of 3000 Standard Books on every subject. Agents icanfed. 

National Book Company 73 Beekman Street, New York* 



Berkeley, Cal. 


It ia not second to any school for young ladies In the 
State. The building is new and perfect in its arrange- 
ments for health and comfort. The situation is admir- 
able, and commands a view of sea and mountain that 1 
have not found surpassed on the Continent. — Rev. if. L. 
Breck, D, D., in the Occident, 

Next Term wUI begin Thursday, Jan. 11, '83 
For further information addresB: 

S. S- HARMON, Berkeley, Oal 
Or F. J. WICKSON, 414 CJay St., S. F- 

W. E. Chamberlain, Jr. 

T. A. Robinson. 


Paid In Installments, $75. 

i3TSenil for circulars. 


Good water, rich soil and magnificent view. 
High elevation, dry air, few fogs and northern. 

No brush or fences on the land, which ia es- 
pecially adapted to the onltnre of the orange 
and raisin grape. 

Near to chunh, school, store and depot. 
Hotel open. Telephone Communication . 

Stage from San Bernardino Tuesdays, Thurs- 
days and Saturdays. 





Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law, 

Rooms 7, 8 and ?. 

No. 820 California Street. S. F„ 

(Over Wells Fargo & Co. 's Bank. 

Special Attention Paid to Patent 

N. B. — Mr. J. L. Boone, of the above firm, has been con- 
nected with the patent business for over 16 years, and de- 
rotes himself almost exclusively to patent litigation and 
kindred branches 







M^uFActuW^ IB3-W.rST. 


An Iron Mine of three claims consolidated, situated 

two and a half miles from Rutherford, on N. V. E . K. 

Contains very lart:c body of high grade ore, samples of* 

which may be seen at this office. For particulars address, 


St. Helena, Nupa Co., Cal. 

January 6, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


Ore Feeder for Qua,rtz JVTills. 

Awarded First Premium at the Tenth and Twelfth Industrial Fairs of the Mechanics' Institute. 

Twenty Per Cent. More Ore Crushed with Fifteen Per Cent. Less Wear of Iron thai by aid Feeding. 

The HcomtHUiyitiK cut illuatrateit the recently InbtOdnnd 
firin, and »lm» tin- hpriric Attachment, which replace* the 
Weight heretofore ujmwI. and which arc ubrlomt improve- 

It U now fully deinoiutrated. ifUr careful and long Con- 
tinued experimentation and practical use, that the plan 
upon which a perfect ori' Ft^edtr i>. ICtoduiUuJ 

of a carrier, and not that of a shaking tabic I 'n I form and 
accural*' fiMdtnf li u<>l pMaJbl* opoD UM latter ]<lau. Tim 
ore must be evenly earned, upon a steadily advancing plane 
or table, to the Hoe of discharge, and there "imply dropped. 
Jerky or M>asinodlcc outrlvauces will not answer the purpose 
tot w.-t or slickT orea 

The Challenge Ore Feeders are now in Use In 
the following" Mills, besides many others 

Koulftby 20 Stamp Tuolumne county. Cal. 

Sheep- Kancl 


.Bodie DIs.. Mono, 

.UlnUhCo. Utah. 
..Parley's Park, " 
, .TombatoneDis, Arizona 

..Patagonia, " 

. .Idaho Spring*. Col. 
..Black Hills. Dakota. 


Mahouey 4" 

Zdle 40 

Placenrilte 40 

Gross 80 

Julian » 

St Patrick 15 

Providence 20 

Omaha 10 

Ureen Mountain. ...60 
Plumas Kuntka,... 60 

Standard 20 

Noonday » 

Bodie » 10 

Christy 5 

Ontario 40 

Contention 20 

Grand Central 20 

Harshaw 20 

Sunshine 2U 

Homcstake 2u0 

Father Do S met 81 

Hidden Treasure. ..40 

Sup43riority of the "Challenge" Or* 
Feeder Demonstrated ! 

At the " Christy' MM, Lhitah County. Utah, the 
"Eclipse" Feeders, (conceived by E. Coleman) wen intro 
duced, but not carrying a regular supply of ore for tno crush 
ing capacity of the stamps, were replaced by the "Challenge," 
which are now running and the stamps crushing forty (40) 
per cent, more OH than was done by the " Eclipse " 

The "Harshaw" or "Hermosa" Mill, of Patagonia Dis- 
trict, Arizona, was also originally fitted with "Eclipse" 
Feeders, but after a few weeks trial they were pronounced 
inadequate to the work, discarded, and the 'Challenge" 

The "Silver King" Mil' of Arizona, also removed the 
'Eclipse" Feeders to give place to the "Challenge." 

The "Sola" Mill, of Brown's Valley. Yuba County, Cal., 
was fitted with "Victor" Feeders, manufactured by E. T. 
Steen, but proving insufficient, the "Challenge" Feeders were 
substitute (1. 

Four of the "Victor" Feeders, manufactured by E T 
Steen, were also placed in the "Alexander" Mill, at Grants- 
ville, Nevada, but after a fairtri«l were discarded, and Hen- 
dy's Feeders fitted, and four others of the same pattern ad- 
ded when the second twenty stamps were erected. 

These cases are simply cited from among many similar instances, in proof of the vast superiority of the "Challenge" Feeders over all others. 

Machine Works 49 and 51 Fremont Street, San Francisco. 

Manufacturer of Quartz. Saw Mill and General Machinery. Also Agent for BAKER ROTARY PRESSURE BLOWERS, and WILBRA- 
from the Akron Iron Company, of Akron, Ohio. 

Dealer in New and Second Hand Engines, Boilers, and all Descriptions, of Machinery. 

Send for Circulars. 


26, 27. 29 and 31 Main St.. 

lict. Market and Mission, near Ferries, San Francisco, 

— and — 

187 Front St., Portland, Oregon. 





On the Ppcific Coast, and 


For the following 

Celebrated Specialties: 

Albany Lubricating Com- 
pound and Cups, 

Albany Cylinder Oil and 
Sight Drop Cylinder Lu- 

Albany Spindle Oil, 

Genuine "West Virginia Lu- 
bricating Oil. 

AgrTtie above can be gotten from us or our AGENTS 



Fourteen Years' practical experience, desires an tn 



Address, " S. " 766 Bryant Street, S. F. 




Penryn, Placer County. - CALIFORNIA. 

The Granite Stone from the Penrjn and Rocklin Quar- 
ries was declared by experts nt tho Philadelphia Centen- 
nial Export] 'ii to be the 

Best in the United States. 


In Blur, Grat and Black shades, supplied to order on 
short notice. Address, 

Penryn, Placer Co , Cel. 


Dealer in Leonard & ElhV Celebrated 


The Best and Cheapest. 

These Superior Oils cannot be purchased through dealer, 
and are sold direct to COJWitmer only by H. H. BROMLEY, 
sole dealer in these goods. 

Reference— Any first-class Engine or Machine Builder in 
America. Address, 43 Sacramento St„ S. F. 

Dewey & Co. {„»£?„.. Patent Agt's 


Manufactured under Alfred Nobel's Original and Only Valid Patent for Nitro-Glycerine Powdfrs 

All Nltro-GIycerlne Compounds, for instance, so-called HERCULE«, VULCAN. V1GORIT, 
MTRU-sAFETV Powder, Etc, are infringements on the tilant Powder Co- *s Patents. 


Call Special Attention to their Improved Grades of Powder. 
NO. 1,— The moat Powerful Explosive Compound now in Ufie here. 
NO* ?.— Surpasses in atreDgth any Powder of its class ever manufactured. 
NO. 3.— This grade Is a Strong and Reliable Powder, which does excellent work. 


Is now used in all large Hydraulic Claims, and on most Railroad . It breaks much more ground, and obviates reblasting 
by breaking much finer. TRIPLE FORCE CAPS AND ALL GKADES OF FUSE. 
jtSTThe Glint Powder Company have also purchased from Mr. Nobel, the Inventor of Nitro-Glycerine, bis latest in- 
vention, known under the name of 


This explosive ia from 5il% to 60% stronger than the strongest Nitro Glycerine Compound and impervious to wattr 
Even hot water does not diminish its strength. We are now introducing the same. 

RA.MMI IVV, NIELSEN A CO., General Agents, 2IO Front St., S. F. 




A. C. WELLS & CO., Pattnteei 
Market St. Manchester, Fng. 

Adopted in the Enplish Govern- 
ment and finest. Hull way Works 
and Steamsbiu Conipauiea in the 


Entirely superseding tin 
goods, as they Don't 
Leak I or Break I 

fast in first two years, 
superseding all others. 

Ask your Fur- 
nisher to get you 


Agents wanted in all parte. 
Liberal Terms. 

In writing p'ease mentioa 
this paper. 

Sole "Wholesale Agents for the United*' ates, 
PAINE, BIEHL CO., 110 Chesnut Strest, Philadelphia, Pa- 

Should con- 
sult DEWEY 


California Inventors 

ican and Foreign Patent Solicitors, for obtaining Pat' 
ents and Caveats. Established in I860. Their loDg ex- 
perience as journalists an'l large practice as patent attor- 
neys enables them to offer Pacific Coast inventors far bet- 
ter service than they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free 
circulars of Information. Office of the Mining and 
Soirnttfio Press and Paodtio Rural Press, No. 252 Mar- 
ket St., S. F. Elevator, 12 Front St. 

■ ■ a in Good land that will raise a crop every 
I fl fti 1 1 year. Over 12,000 acres for sale in lots te 
I 11 111 I B Guit. Climato healthy. No drouths, b*d 
Mm ■! II V floods, nor malaria. Wood and water 
convenient. U. S. Title-perfect. Send stamp for Illus- 
trated circular, to EDWARD FRISBrE, Proprietor of 

•a-Ai-nc/ TJ<a>-..--'n indcM/m RViut* flnwntv. f!«.l 

A Turned Leaf will point out the article supposed to 
be of special interest to persons receiving sample copies 
of this paper. 

Galena Silver & Copper Ores. 

many features that are entirely new and of great practi- 
cal utility, which are covered by letters patent. 

No other furnaces can compare with these for dura- 
bility and in capacitv for uninterrupted work. 

MORE THAN SIXTY of them are now running on the 
Pacific Coast, giving results never before obtained as re- 
gards continuous running, economy of fuel, grade and 
quality of bullion produced. We are prepared to demon- 
strate by facts the claims here made. 

These Smelters are chipped in a complete state, requir- 
ing no brick or stone work, except that for the crucible, 
thus Baving great expense and Iobs of time in construc- 

Complete smeltiug plants made to order of any capacity 
and with all the improvements that experience has sug- 
gested as valuable in this classof machinerj'. Skilled and 
experienced smelters furnished when desired to examine 
mines and to superintend construction and running of 
furnaces. Estimates given upon application. 

Send for circular. 

Pacific Iron Works, San Francisco. 



Best Truck Silver Medal. 

Best Hose Cart Silver Medal. 

4-SpringWaRon, with Top Silver Medal. 

Best Milk Wagon Silver Medal. 

Carriage, Wagon & Truck Manufactory, 

47 & 49 Beale Street, - SAN FRANCISCO 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

. [January G, 1883 

Vrop and fflachijiB hh _ 


Manufacturers and Repairers of all kinds of 


Hoisting and Mining Machine y, 

Portable, Stationary and Marino Ensrines Bishop's Min- 

ini Pump Apparatus aud 0. H. Baker s New 

' Mining Horse-Power a specialty. 



332 & 224 Fremont Street, S«n Fra Cisco, 

Between Howard and Folsoru. 

Oakland jron Works. 

' We are now prepared to do all kinds of 

Heavy and Light Castings and Machinery 

Marine and Stationery Engines, Kock Breakers, Stamp 
Mills, Pumpine; Machinery, Donkey Engines, etc. 

Good Facilities for Shipping on Cars. 

Worfes Located Cor. Second and Jefferson' 
Streets, Oakland. 





Kinds of Machinery for Wining Purposes. 

Flouring Milis, Saw Mills and Quartz Mills Machinery 
constructed, fitted up and repaired. 

Front Street, Between N and O Streets), 


Golden State & Miners Iron Works, 

Manufacture Iron Castings and Machinery 
of all Kinds at Greatly Reduced Bates. 


Golden State Pressure Blowers. 

First St., between Howard Si Folsom, S. F. 

California Brass Foundry, 

No. 125 First Street, Opposite Minna. 

All kinds of Brass, Composition, Zinc, and Babbitt 
Metat Castings, Bras3 Ship Work of all kinds, Spikes, 
Sheathing Nails, Rudder Brace3, Hinges, Ship and Steam- 
boat Bells and Gongs of superior tone. All kinds of Cocks 
and Valves, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles, and Hose Coup- 
lings and Connections of all sizes and patterns, furnished 
with dispatch. ^PRICES MODERATE. *®Ji 


California Machine Works, 


Engineer and Machinist, 

119 Beale Street, San FranciBCO. 

Portable and Double Sawmills, Steam Engines, Flour, 

Quartz and Miniag Machinery. Brudio's Patent Rock Crusher 


No. 1 Crusher, 4 tonB per hour S 150 00 

" 2 " 6 " " " 625.00 

'• 3 " S " " " 925.00 

" " 1500 tlis " " 150.00 

The Best Crusher in the Market and at the Lowest Trices. 
Power, Hydraulic Rain or cylinder Elevators, Hand Power 
Hoists, for sidewalks any purpose, Saw Arbors and Mill 
Fittings. Repairing promptly attended to 


Of all sizes— from 2 to 60-Horse power. Also. Quartz 
MillB, Mining Pumps, Hoisting Machinery, Shafting, Iron 
Tanks, etc. For sale at the lowest prices by 

J. HBNDY, 49 and 61 Fremont Street, S. F. 




and 131 Beale St., between Mission and Howard, S. F. 



Comstock Shaft Lantern, 

Improved, Strong and Re- 

In Genvrnl Usi on the 

For sale at wholesale by 

HolLM, Merrills stetson, 

Cor. Beale & Market Sts., 


This COKE is exclusively used by Prof. Thomas Price, in his assay office, by the Selby 
Smelting and Lead Co., Prescott, Scott & Co., Risdon Iron and Locomotive Works and others in 
this city. Large supplies are regularly forwarded to consumers in Salt Lake and Nevada, to the 
Copper Queen Mining Co., Longfellow Copper Mining Co. and other consumers in Arizona. 

The undersigned are in receipt of regular supplies from Cardiff, Wales, and offer the COKE 
for sale in quantities to suit purchasers. 


316 California St., San Francisco. 

Berry & Place Machine Go. 

* PARKE & LACY, Proprietors. 

No. 323 ft 325 Market St., 

San Francisco, 


Importers and Dealers in every 
Variety of 


Wood and Iron Working Machinery, 


Stationary. Portable and H« i-tiing Engines anil Boilers 
Sawmills. Shingle Mills. Emery Wheels and Grind- 
ers. Gardner Governors, Planer Knives, Sand 
Paper in Rolls, together with, a general line 
of Mining' and Mill Supplies, includ- 
ing Leather Belting 1 , Rubber Belt- 
ing Packing and Hose. 
t3T Catalogues furnished on Application. Jg$ 





Office, 61 First St. | Cor. First & Mission Sis., S. F. | P. 0. Box 2128. 



Agents of the Cameron Steam Pump. 

Home Industry.— All 'Work Tested and Guaranteed. 

Vertical Enoktes, Baby Hoists, Stamps., 

Horizontal Engines, Ventilating Fans, Pans, 

Automatic Cut-off Engines, Kock Breakers, Settlers. 

Compound Condensing Engines, Self-Feeders, Retorts 

Shafting, Pulleys, Etc., Etc. 


Send for Late Circulars. 


"William Hawkins. 



210 and 212 Beale Street, bet. Howard and Folsom Sts., - - San Francisco. 

Manufacturer of 



Also of the HAWKINS' PATENT ELEVATOR HOIST, for Hotels, Warehouses 
and Public Buildings. 

Steam Engines and all Kinds of Mill and Mining Machinery. 

Colorado Iron Works, 




Our manufactures of min 
ing machineiy embrace 
every ltiad of machine and 
appliance for the mining 
and reduction of oree. 

We have had an expe- 
rience of more than twenty 
years in t-be manufacture 
and practical operation of 
mining machinery in Color- 
ado and the neighboring 
States and Territories. 

Our facilities are superior 
to those of any manufac- 
tory in the West, our works 
having been recently re- 
built, greatly enlarged and 
completely equipped. 

We invite the investiga- ( 
tion of mine owners and 
mill men seeking machin- 
ery. We can furnish, on 
board, at our works, or set 
up at the mines anywhere 
iu the Rocky Mountain re- 
gion, on short notice, the 


P. O. Box, 1921, 

following machinery: 
Cornish Pumps, Steam 
Pumps, Suamp Mills for 
Wet or Dry crushing, Pans, 
Settlers, Agitators, Retorts, 
Bullion and Ingot Moulds, 
Reverberatory Furnaces, 
Bruckner Cylinders, Revolv- 
ing Roasting Furnaces and 
Dryers, Melting Furnaces, 
Concentrating Machinery, 
Rolls, Crushers, Conveyors 
and E levators, Ore ham- 
piers and Grinders, Hoist- 
ing Engines, Water Jacket 
Furnace?, Slag Pots and 
Cars, Lead Pots and Ladles, 
Blast Pipes and Water 
_ Tuyeres, Blowers, Cupel- 
_^ la ion Furnaces, Market 
11 Kettles, Wire Rope. Cages, 
- Buckets. Skips, Ore Cars.etc, 
Estimates furnished and 
prices emoted on applica- 
tion. Send for illustrated 


Denver, Colorado. 

FROM 1-4 TO 10,000 lbs. WEIGHT. 

True to pattern, sound and solid, of uuequaled strength, toughness and 

An invaluable substitute for forgings or cast-iron requiring three-fold 
strength . 

Rearing of all kinds, Shoes, Dies, Hammerheads, Orossheads for Loco- 
motives, etc. 

15,000 Crank Shafts and 10,000 Gear Wheels of this Steel now running 
prove its superiority over other Steel Caetines. 


Circulars and Price Lists free. Address 


Works. CnESTEK.IPa, 407 Library St.. PHILADELPHIA 

Corner Beale and Howard Sts., 



Builders of Steam Machinery 

In all-its Branches, 

Steamboat Steamship, Land 

Engines and Boilers, 


STEAM VESSELS, of all kinds, built complete with 
Hulls of Wood, Iron or Composite. 

ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad- 

STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con- 
structed with reference to the Trade in which they are 
to be employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water 

STEAM BOILERS. Particular attention given (o 
the quality of the material and workmanship, andjione 
but first-class work produced. 

MACHINERY made after the most approved plans. 
Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith. 

WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any size'' 
made in suitable lengths for connecting together, or 
sheets rolled, punched, and packed for shipment ready 
to be riveted on the ground. 

Water Pipe made by tliis establishment, riveted by 
Hydraulic Riveting Machinery, that quality of work 
being far superior to hand work. 

SHIP WORK. Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam 
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made after the 
most approved plans. 

PUMPS. Direct Acting Pumps, for Irrigation or City 
Water Works purposes, built with the celebrated Davy 
Valve Motion, superior to any other Pump. 



Quartz Mill, 


1 to 8 Tons 

In 24 Hours, According 
to Sizk. 

mi immui 

Sole Manufacturers, 

217, 219 and 221 
Fremont Street, 

9" i3"Send for Circular. 


Bought and Sold for INVENTORS, 
and handled in UNITED STATES 
and EUROPE. 

Profitable Investments in Va'uable Patents made for 
Capitalists by 


503 California Street (Dear Montgomery) 


The Pacific Coast offers a good market for useful In- 

Apppgpe °t pay and bounty to Union Soldiers re- 
MI 1 cal o ported on the rolls as deserters, Act of 
August 7th, 1S82. 

Ppncifsnc fnr ail soldiers disabled In line and dis- 
rCllolullo charge of duty, either by accident or 

Wlff ft W*J of soldiers who died in the service or since 
ft IU U W a discharged from any cause due their mi'i- 
tary service, are entitled tp Pension. 

Dappnfc In cases where the soldier died, leaving 
rai OHIO neither wife nor children, the parents 
are entitled to pension. 

RniintV Thousands of soldiers are yet entitled to 
UUlHliy* bounty. Send for blanks and see if you 
have received all due you. 

Hicpfos pf oe Honorable Discharges procured; al- 
ViaUHCU yO&. B0 duplicates. Send for blanks. 

Increase of Pension. SSS^JS: 

titled to increase. Send for blank and we will adviBe you. 
Address, witb. two three-cerjt stamps, 

„ „„„ Washington. D. C. 

Box 623. 

January 6, i i 

Mining and Scientific Press. 




No, 45 Fremont Street. 

San Francisco, Cal. 

Oscillating Stamp Mill. 

Iiljami' r TapiKl*, and idju.'t* Itnll lO 



, Awarded 

m uafsetnred hi 

i- a iirs'Tiv i El 181 Et ft i II M 

■ .' I 116 Fulton St.. Chicago. III. 
ImftigunittlDH i' 
rrtitntorn and Qolfl Ai. i 

Ing iMnchimTj ol Ireulan. 

46 Fremont Street, San FraDctaco. Cal- 


This nun inii.' re or attention, ami la less liable to pair Uum any oonceutra* 

tor now In use. Allot which an) praol 
The wear and teat Is nominal, and the constru rid the low 

price bringt it within the reach ol all mill rien, aa it wfll saw i ay mill in a wry short 

lime. One machine will concentrate the tailings from a Bve- ■■ ■ 

JjgT Send for Circulars. =?sa 


For simplicity, durability and rapidity "f actioi 
Uacbim \ag from 3,000 to -1,000 

per hour. Xhcy ;m' now uwd by all tuo prin- 
cipal MUlmcn on the Pacific Coast 


Of all descriptions made to order. 


No. 45 Fremont Street, San Francisco 


EDWARD A. RIX, Agent, 

.Successor to REYNOLDS & RIX, 

No. 49 Fremont Street, San Francisco, Cal. 


We manufacture the 



-a I 

Ever driven by belt 
from Water 

Hoistinq Rigs. 


For Pile Driving. 



Ore and Water 


One Horne cau easily hsint over 1,000 pounds at a depth of 
500 foot. The whim is mainly built of wrought iron. The 
hoia tiny-drum in thrown out of gear by the lever, while the 
load is held in place with a brake by the man tending 
bucket. The standard of the whioi ia bolted to bed-timbers, 
thus avoiding all frame work. When required these wh ; m 
are made in suctions to pack on mule". 


<fcj> « Importers and Dealers in Machinery and Supplies. 


The Korthnr's Injector is the simplest, 
cheapest and best in use. Will draft its 
own water, hot or cold, and feed under 
varying pressure. Send for 


Nos. 2 and 4 California Street, S. F. 



Fay & Co., Wood Working Ma- 

Demerit & Son'a Machinista 

Blake's Steam Pumps. 

Perry's Centrifugal Pumps. 

Gould's Hand & Power Pumps. 

Perrin's Band Saw Blades. 

Payne's Vertical and Horizontal 
Steam Engines. 

Williamson Bros. Hoisting En- 

New Haven Machine Co. 'a Ma- 
chinists' Tools. 

Otto Silent Gas Engines. 


More Than 

16,000 in Use. 

Hoisting Engines 


of all 


Sturtevant's Blowers and Ex- 

Jndson'a Steam Governors. 
Pickering's Steam Governors. 
Tanite Co, Emery Wheela. 
Nathan & Dreyfua' Oilers. 
Korting's Injectors and Ejec- 

Disston's Circular Saws. 

New York Belting & Packing 
Co. 'a Rubber Belting, Hose, 
Packing, etc. 

Ballard's Oak Tanned Leather 

:*' . 



Uational Iron Works, 

Northwest Cor. Main and Howard Sts., San Fr. ncieco, 



At Greatly Reduced Prices- 


Stationary and Compound Engines, Flour, Sugar, Quartz and Saw Mills. A*ralga 

mating Macnines. 


Sole Manufacturers of Kendall's Patent Ouartz Mills. 


United States, State and Territorial Mining Lam s, 
and Land Office Regulations; Digest of Laud Office 
and Court Decisions; List of Patents issued, and Dr. Ray- 
mond's Glossary, with Forma for Mechanics' Liens, Loca- 
tion Notices, etc. 

Price, postpaid, in paper, 50 cts ; in cloth, $1.25. 
Sold by DEWBY & CO., S. F. 


One-fifth of a valuable Gold Mine in Aunona for sale. 
Ledge four feet wide, and abaft seventy feet down in ore 
all the way. Price $]5, COO— to be used only in develop- 
ing Hie mine. Address, 

C. D. T., 1003 DeviBadero Street, 

San Francieco, Cal. 

Pacific Rolling Mill Co., 





Car and Locomotive Axles and Frames, and Hammered Iron of Every Description. 

or OrdBrs, Solicited and Promptly Executed. 

Office. No. «oa Marfcpt m . t7toto;j Ba,ock. 



and Other Machine Tools. 

Wheel Cutting to Order. 
SAW FRANCISCO TOOL CO., - - 21 Stevenson St., S. F. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 6, 1883 

Mining Machinery Depot, 

With Adjustable Cut-off Poppet Valve Engine, and Forced Iron Crank Shafts. 

2 1 and 23 Fremont Street. S. F. 




Absolute certainty in the action of the valves at any speed. Perfect delivery of the air at any 
speed or pressure. The heating of the air entirely prevented at any pressure. Takes lesa water to 
cool the air than any other Compressor. 

Power applied to the best advantage. Access obtainable to all the valves by removing air chest 
covjra. Entire absence of springs or friction to open or shut the valves. No valve stems to break 
and drop inside-of cylinders. 

Have no back or front heads to break. The only Machine that makes a perfect diagram. No 
expensive foundations required. Absolute economy in first cost and after working. 

Displacements in air cylinder perfect. Showing less leakage and friction than our competitors 
and a superior economy of about 20 per cent. 

Small Sizes made in Sections not to Exceed 300 lbs. 


Manufacturers of 


Of Every Description. 

For Inclined Planes, Standing Ship Rigging, Suspension Bridges, Ferries; forMines and all kinds of 

Heavy Hoisting; for Stays and Guys on Derricks, Cranes and Shears; for 

Tilers, Sawmills, Sash Cords, Lightning Conductors, etc. 

Galvanized and Plain Telegraph Wire. 


14 Drumm Street, 




The undersigned are agenis for, ana 
are prepared to furnish prices 
and all particulars for 

style and for any service. 

on City and Suburban Roads. 



j. SMALL CO., and J. M 
l JONES & CO. 


CAR WHEELS , from A. Whitney & Sons. 

f FROM BEST EArf't'- 


202 M3rfcet Street San Francisco 

E.H. McDonald, 




'SarplUS 460,800.70 

San Francisco, Cal., July 1, 1S82. 
We fake pleasure in presenting for your 
consideration the following Thirty-eighth Senii- 
Annual Statement of the condition of this Bank: 

Bank Premises 

other Real Estate 

United States Bonds , . 

Land Association Stock... 

Loans and Discounts 

Due. from Banks 537,279 09 

Money on band 633.365 30 

LIABILITIES. S3.753.Q3!) 09 

Capital paid np 8(1,000.000 OO 

Surplus ll.O.SOO 70 

I>ue Depositors 1,953,073 SO 

]>ue Banks 337,401 09 

Dividends unpaid 134 50 

S 150.000 00 

13,825 35 

629,507 60 

15.131 55 


S3,752,009 09 

This Bank has special facilities for doing 
all kinds of banking business. 



Located on the Shore of San 
Francisco Bay. 

For particulars apply to C. G. Yale, 414 Clay Street, 
. San Franchco. 

To parties contemplating the erection of new works for 
mnnufacturinir purposes this is 


larThc plant will be sold at a very low rate, 


Room with steam power to Jet in the 
Pacific Power Co. 's new brick building, 
Stevenson street, near Market. Eleva- 
tor in building. Apply at the Com- 
pany's office, 314 California street. 




258 Market St., N. E. cor. FrOn*. un-stairs, San Francisco. 
Experimental machinery and all kmil3 of models, tin, cop- 
per and brass work 


it witiiPAY you)702CHESTNUT ! - t PHILA | 2*« 





Orders may be addressed to us at any of the fol- 
lowing placoe, at each of which we carry a stock. 


Nos. 2 and 4 California Street. 


.No. 43 Front Street. 


Nos. 152 and 154 Lake Street. 
And 40 Franklin Street. 


No. 209 North Third Street 


Nos. 811 to S19 North Second Street 


Two Gold, one Copper and one Antimony, for CASH 
CUSTOMERS. Mines will be as good as sold if first-class 
and accompanied with favorable Reports from Experts of 
known reputation. No PROSPECTS wanted, and no 
mine without an Expert Report will be entertained. 
Apply in person or by letter to 


45 Merchant's Exchange San Francisco, Cal. 

this paper is printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charles Eneu Johnson & Co., 609 
South loth St., Philadelphia. Branch Offl- 
ces-47 Eose St., New York, and 40 La Salle 
St., Chicago. Agent for the Pacific Coast- 
Joseph H. Dorety, 529 Commercial St., S. F. 


Clean Concentrations wanted. A party from the Bast 
haviDK a process for working low-grade Sulphurets, will 
commence purchasing the same as soon as assured of an 
abundant supply. Gold-bearing Sulphurets preferred, 
having an assay value of $20 per ton, or upwards. 

A. B. WATT, P. O. Box, 2293, San Francisco. 






. ' . » . » . » . ' .. ' • ■~ f ~ 

* .'.■.' •'•'•'•' •*•'•'•'.'. • 


• 1 • A • 

••*••• • ■ * 

Am Illustrated Journal of Mining, Popular 

1 »^ i « i a» i » a » j *. • 

DEWB1 .v CO. . 


rfuunbor '-i 

Miners' Association of California. 

Th>- S'ate Miners' Association is again calling 
upnti the miners of California to contribute to 
the fnnd to enable the Association to meet the 
expenses of the continued litigation against the 
hydraulic miners by the an -debris men. It 
will be remembered that this Association when 
tint formed was composed only of hydraulic 
miners; but now quartz miners are also enrolled. 
The Automation id sending circulars to miners 
in all parts of the State, asking for aid. The 
circular is as follows: 

Olll' K UlKHBS 1 Assoc lVl'ION. ) 

320 Sinsome St., Room 23, 
S*n Francisco, Jan. 1, 18S3. ' 

DfAB Sir:— Your locality will soon be visited 
by an accredited agent of this Association, who 
will on its behalf solicit contributions to the 
"defense fund" of the Miners' Association. 

We cull the attention of your citizens to the 
magnitude of the litigation pending in the 
United States and State courts. All the promi- 
nent companies have been sued and maoy arc 

Our opponents aim at nothing less than the 
suspension of the mining industry. It is a mere 
question of time when service will be made on 
all cl sses of mice). 

To that end, our opponents are collecting a 
large fund for the employment of lawyers, en- 
gineers and witnesses, and are organizing their 
forces with a further view to legislation hot tile 
to the miners in the Legislature of 1833. 

Not c intent with appropriations of §1,000 
from their respective city and county trets- 
uries, tuey have appealed to all classes for pe- 
cuniary aid. The land owner contributes ac 
cording to Ms means, represented by taxable 
values of his property. The laborer is callid 
upon to pay his contribution, and the women 
and children have been solicited to donate their 
savings. Their organizations extend from the 
mouth of the Sacramento to its head, and from 
the Coast Range to the Sierra Nevada. No 
person can refuse to contribute under the pen- 
alty of social ostracism. 

And ytt how insignificant their irjurieB, 
either proven, alleged or threatened, to the 
great calamity which would befall the mining 
counties, if tbey should prevail in their en- 
deavors to crush the business of mining! In a 
few years the mountain counties would present 
a scene of depopulated towns, empty school- 
houses and decayed churches. The fairest por- 
tion of our State would present an appearance 
more sad than that of provinces ravaged by 
war, famine and pestilence. 

The burden of the defense of this great in- 
dustry has fallen on a few companies, banded 
together under the name of the Miners' Asso- 
ciation, and controlled by the advice of the 
leading miners of the State. Owing to the 
dosing of some mines by injunction and the 
suspension of work in others, through the pre- 
vailing system of terrorism, and the expense of 
building dams, voluntarily incurred, the re- 
sources of the companies comprising the Asso- 
ciation have been crippled, and we are com- 
pelled to adopt the tactics of our opponents 
and ask contributions from all classes of persons 
— for all are interested in the protection of their 

With a view to promote this object we ask 
you to give us your personal influence, and sug- 
gest that in each town and camp a subscription 
liBt be opened at the place of business of our 
local agentB, where contributions may be re- 
ceived and retained until the arrival of our 
special agent, or be remitted to the main (.Mice 
in San Francisco. la either event, official re- 
ceipts will be issued to the donors. 

The name and standing of the Board of Coun- 
cil directiog the policy of tbe Association, and 
its record in the defense of the mining indus- 
try, whenever and wherever attacked, is a guar- 
antee that tbe mining interest will be protected 
in the future as in the past. 

Hamilton Smith, Jr., 

W. A. Skidmore, Secretary. 

During the past year five Michigan mining 
companies paid their stockholders $340,000 
more than the actual paid-up capital of thecom< 
p allies. 

The Tariff and Mining. 

The miners of the country are as much in- 
t -roted in the questions connected with the 
tariff as any class of the community. In fact, 
they are vrry much more interested than most 
persons. Tho imposition or removal of a duty 
means often to tham profit or loss, a continu- 
ance or stoppage t-f business. Just at the time 
when the tariff is being considered by CongresB 

timoiy, 10 ad valorem: borax, 10 oents per 
pound, while its value in the market is only 10 
centB per pound; copper, .J cent per ponnd; 
tin. I"> | a ? valorem; steel, 30. ^ ad valorem: 
copper ore. 3 cents per pound; copper, in plate 
and bars, 5 cents a pound; nickel, 30 cents a 
pound; brass, 15% ad valorem. Manufacturers 
of brass, iron, lead, pewter, tin, etc., not other- 
wise provided for, pay 35% <<-l valorem, under 
which clause the quicksilver miners must pay 
35 £ duty on iron flasks. Gunpowder used for 


and a revision is being made, the miners 
are uneasy. The quicksilver and lead 
miners particularly are watching carefully 
what is being done. We give in other columns 
of this number of the Press full statements of 
the cases of both these interests. The lead 
miners protest against a reduction of tbe tariff, 
claiming that it would ruin the business of lead 
mining by making it unprofitable. The quick- 
silver miuerj ask to have a duty imposed on 
that metal, as was formerly the case, the ab- 
sence of any duty working a hardship to their 
industry, and having caused the closing down 
of many mines in California. 

California is not so much interested in the 
lead as in the quicksilver, as she is sole pro- 
ducer of the latter in thiB country, while of tbe 
former she produces very little. Quicksilver 
w»b put on the free list by Act of February 8, 
1875. Under the present tariff the following 
minerals and ores are protected by duty: An- 

mining has a duty of G cents a pound, or 20% 
ad valorem. 

The mining community should give close at- 
tention to these tariff questions, and should act 
together to protect their interests. A passive 
grumble at proposed adverse legislation is of no 
use, but active measures must be taken. The 
quicksilver and lead miners have both presented 
their ideas of the question to Congress in the 
forms of memorial and protest, and by united 
action hops to gain their points. 

Made Insane by Noxious Gases. — At the 
Albion works, Eureka, McDonald, a smelter, 
who bad been in one of the tunnel fume escapes 
to make some repairs, was overpowered and 
rendered unconscious by noxious gases. When 
resuscitated McDonald was for a time violently 
insane. Be siezed a sledge hammer and charg- 
ed upon his friends. Being overpowered and 
put to bed he came out all right in a few hours. 

State Mining Bureau. 

Governor Perkins, in his message to the Leg- 
islature, has the following to say commendatory 
of the State Mining Bureau: 

I commend the report of the State Mineralo- 
gist to your careful consideration. It is one of 
the most important documents submitted for 
your investigation. At a comparatively small 
cost, it contains more practical information 
relative to the mineral wealth of the State 
than will be found in the teports of 
the State Geological Survey, at an 
enormous outlay. The appointment of Pro- 
fessor Henry G. Hanks as State Mineralogist 
was a fortunate selection, and I take pleasure 
in thus publicly acknowledging his services, 
eminently deserved by his unceasing exertion 
and devotion in advancing the interests and in- 
fluence of tbe Bureau. Its usefulness has been 
recognized by the leading scientific institutions 
of Europe and America, attested by a volumin- 
ous correspondence on file in his office. 

The catalogue of its collection of minerals, 
metals, and other articles, bears testimony to 
the labor required, and which must have been 
expended, not only in procuring, but in placing 
them in classes appreciable to the visitor; and 
I would here suggest the propriety of transfer- 
ring the mineral collection now in the State 
Library to the Bureau. It will be seen by the 
financial exhibit that it will be impossible to 
coLtinue the Bureau unless an appropriation is 
made for its future support. The State should 
pay from the General Fund the salaries of the 
Mineralogist, Secretary, Chemist and Janitor, 
and the rent and the insurance of the building; 
and permit the moneys raised by the provisions 
of the Act to be used for the benefit of the Mu- 
seum proper, the traveling expenses of the 
S ;;, t e Mineralogist, incidental expenses, and 
Buch extra help as I am satisfied is at times re- 
quired. To remove the burden and responsi- 
bility which so important a trust devolves on 
one person, I would recommend the Act creat- 
ing the Bureau be amended by placing its man- 
agement under the charge of a Board of Trus- 
tees, who, in connection with the State Miner- 
siogist, shall have tbe control and supervision 
of the same. This is also the desire of Mr. 
Hanks, as expressed in his report. 

The Blake Sinking Pump. 

The engraving on this page represents Blake's 
Improved Sinking Pump of the vertical double- 
acting plunger pattern for mining operations, 
sinking well-shafts, etc. For sinking new 
shafts, recovering old mines that have been 
"drowned out," and for mining operations re- 
quiring the use of a light, portable and efficient 
steam pump, or for sinking wells and general 
excavation work, this improved sinking pump 
is especially adapted. 

The pump being vertical requires but little 
room in the shaft. It will throw a steady con- 
tinuous stream of water, and will work equally 
well when hanging by the tackle or when 
hooked to the timbering. Ton sizes of this 
style of pump are made, with capacities from 
33 gallons a minute np to 400 gallons, and from 
7 to IS incheB stroke. Estimates will be fur- 
nished also by the agents for larger sizes when 

The pump is arranged with a strong bolt, as 
shown, firmly imbeded in the upper steam cyl- 
inder head, to which tackle for raising or lower- 
ing can be readily attached. Adjustible 
wrought iron dogs for hanging the pump to the 
shaft timbering are bolted to the cylinders. 
The lower plunger works on a removable cylin- 
der of gun-metal composition, which can be 
readily replaced with but little trouble and ex- 
pense by a new one when worn out. The wa- 
ter valves are of the best vulcanized rubber and 
work on seats of gun-metal composition. Swing 
boltB admit of easy access to the crater-valves 
and pump-barrel. The details of operation of 
the Blake mining pumps are well known to 
mining men, and this one differs only in form, 
the valves, etc., being all on the same general 
principle. H. P. Gregory & Co., mining ma- 
chinery and' supplies, 2 and 4 California street, 
in this city, are general agents for the Blake 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 1S83 

California State Geological Society. 

President's Annual Add res 3. 

la the last number of the Press we gave the 
result of the annual election of this society, aud 
promised to give this week the annual address 
of President Hanks, which was as follows: 

On retiring from the office of President, wi:h 
which you have honored me, it will be fitting 
to "ive you a history of the Society since its 
commencement, and some account of its doings, 
what it haB accomplished, and what may be 
hoped for in the future. ..,„.. 

The California State Geological Society was 
organizad for the purpose of making a State 
geological collection, while the facilities for do- 
ing so were better than they would be in the 
future, owing to unusual activity in prospect- 
ing caused by the discovery and development 
of rich mines of gold and silver in California 
and Nevada. , 

The first meeting of the Society was held 
Bee 22 1876, and the incorporation papers 
filed Die. 30, 1376. As it was thought upon 
due deliberation that a limited number of 
aotive workers could secure that end sooner 
than a cumbersome organization, the number 
was limited to 10. 

It was thought by the projectors that at least 
10 years might elapse before a collection could 
be made worthy the acceptance of the Sbate. 
Unexpected success attended the efforts of the 
decemirri, and the acquisitions soon became 
valuable and extensive, growing quite beyond 
the expectation of the society. 

The Society aDd the Mining Bureau. 

In 1880 the Hon. Joseph WaBson, a member 
of the Legislature, became intemted in the so- 
ciety's doings, and proposed to introduce a bill 
to establish a Mining Bureau and Sbate Museum. 
The matter was brought before the society, by 
whom it was thought too early to make the at- 
tempt. Mr. Wasaon, however, differed in 
opinion; the bill was introduced, meeting with 
success, and the institution was created, the 
Mining Bareau bill being approved April 16, 

1880. . ,_ . iL 

The main object of the society being thus un- 
expectedly accomplished, meetiugs were for a 
time discontinued, but the interest of the 
members did not wane. At a meeting held 
May 29, 18S0, the collections, consisting of 1,327 
geological specimens and 103 books and pamph- 
lets, were presented to the State by the follow- 
ing resolution: 

On motion, duly seconded, it was 

Resolved, That the entire collection of miner- 
als of this society, its books, aud all of its prop- 
erty, except its desk, record book and sea', be, 
and the same are, hereby donated to the Stite 
of California, subject to the conditions set forth 
in the by-laws of the society. The President 
and Secretary are hereby authorized to make the 
necessary conveyance, and the Secretary is di- 
rected to deliver all of said property to the State 
Mineralogist, to be by him held in trust for the 
State of California. 

On motion, duly seconded, it was 

Resolved, That the specimens and books here- 
after received by the society be given as fast as 
received to the State Mineralogist for the State 
Mining Bureau. 

It was understood that in due time the meet- 
ings would be resumed, and the society, having 
no property, nor desiring any, would become 
a purely scientific one, and would direct its 
energies toward building up the State Museum 
and Mining Bureau. 

The reasons for a limited membership having 
ceased to exist, it was decided to modify the 
by-laws to admit of increase to any extent. 
With this view, at a meeting held September 
21, 1882, a committee was appointed to revise 
the by-laws, consisting of Messrs. W. S. Key eg 
and S. Heydenfeldt, Jr., who reported at the 
next meeting the revised by-laws, which were 

The change of laws abolishes all classes and 
permitB unlimited membership. 

It was decided that this, the sixth anniver- 
sary, should be the era for the new dispensa- 
tion, and I truBt that the California State Geo- 
logical Society will now, as proposed, take a 
new start and assert itself. 

The proceedings of the Society have been 
quietly conducted, but, while it has accom- 
plished more than waB expected, or even hoped 
for by its founders, it has been too modest and 
too retiring in its character. While its mem- 
bership in California has been small, it num- 
bers among its associates abroad some of the 
most noted men of science. 

Since its organization the Society has lost 
seven members by death, OE the original ten, 
Joseph Roberts, Jr., and Thomas J. Owens 
have died. Of associate life members, four have 
been taken from us, Louis V, B. Howell, 
Frederick MacCrellish, Seth Robinson and John 
D. Barry. Of corresponding members Charles 
Darwin is the only one of whose death we have 
received notice. 

The State Geological Society greatly assisted 
the Paris Exposition Committee in their efforts 
to have the mineral resources of the State and 
the Pacific coast represented at the World's 
Exposition of 1S78, which became a success on 
receiving material aid from the generous John 
W. Mackay. 

State Museum. 

It has been the desire of California Legisla- 
tures in years past to provide for a State Mu- 
seum, but circumstances have interfered with 
its accomplishment. 

In 1878 the Act of the Legislature creating 

the State Geological Survey provided in Sec- 
tion 1 for a State Museum in the following 

3. D. Whitney is appointed State Geologist, 
whose duty it shall be, with the aid of suchras- 
sistants aB he may appoint, to make accu ate 
and complete geological survey of the State, 
and to furnish in his report of the name proper 
maps and diagrams thereof, with a full and 
scientific description of its rocks, fossils, soils 
and minerals, and of ita botanical and zoological 
productions, together with specimens of the 
same, which spec-mena shall be properly laWed 
and arranged, and deposited in such placs as 
shall be hereafter provided for that purpose by 
the Legislature. 

In the preface of "Geology," Vol, I, folio 24, 
Prof. Whitney states that a large collection has 
accumulated, but that no provision had been 
made by the Legislature for a museum. Owing 
to this oversight, the tine collect on made by the 
Geological Survey was destroyed by fire when 
stored in a warehouse supposed to be fire-proof, 
and, like the destruction of the Alexandrian 
Museum, on a lesser scale, a vast amount of 
valuable material was lost to the State, to the 
srorld and to science. 

The same danger menaces the well advanced 
and very valuable muesum of the State Mining 
Bareau and the inestimable collections of the 
California Academy of Sciences. 

The Legislature of 1862-3 passed a joint 
resolution appointing a committee, consisting 
of Prof. J. D, Whitney, John Swett and J. F. 
Houghton, to report to the Legislature upon 
the feasibility of establishing a State Univer- 
sity, an Agricultural College, a School of Mines 
and a Museum. 

Prof. Whitney, in a lecture before the Me- 
chanics' Institute held at Piatt's Hall, Jan. 2S, 
1S64, calling attention to the importance of a 
State Museum, said: "The interests of the 
State demand that these collections should be 
placed in a fire-proof building, which may be 
called the Slate Museum, where they will be 
accessible for the purpose of instruction, not 
only to the student, but to the general public. " 

Through the instrumentality of the State Gp. 
ological Society and Acta of recent Legislatures, 
the foundation of the desired State Museum is 
already laid. As may be seen by an inspection 
of the cases of the Mining Bureau and the nu- 
cleus library of the same, the institution is not 
to be despised. 

I congratulate you on the results of your ef- 
forts, to which are mainly due the accomplish- 
ment of this object. 

When an institution in the interest of the 
general public is once established, it grows rap- 
idly, for the reason that it is tl e inevitable dee- 
tiny of private collections made by students, 
amateurs and specialists, to centralize, to grav- 
itate to and become absorbed in great museums. 
No matter what they may think or do duriDg 
their short lives, this will be the certain and 
final disposition of their collections. And this 
is right, for in no other way could the world 
be so benefited. Collectors hoard with a 
miser's acquisitiveness their small local collec- 
tions, and gather together what will be of in- 
estimable value in a scientific and practical 
sense, to those who follow, and while future 
generations will not thank them individually, 
they will not and cannot ignore the ob- 
ligation. This is the experience made in all 
countries where museums have grown up, and 
the great collections in the world's centerB are 
aggregations of small ones made principally by 
individuals. The same will be the case on the 
Pacific coast. There is no city in the world 
where a complete Geological MuBeum is more 
needed, or will be more appreciated than in 
San Francisco. 

Scientific Men of the Pacific Coast. 

I feel it my duty to say something on this oc- 
casion in favor of the scientific men of Califor- 
nia and the Pacific coast, for they do nob al- 
ways .receive the credit they deserve. This 
claBB must include not only those who have at- 
tained eminence, but students with a bent to- 
ward scientific studies, who are equally deserv- 
ing of respect and consideration. The prospect- 
ors also, as a class, muat be included, for their 
pursuits create in them a desire to investigate 
the laws of nature, the results of which they 
see on every side as they scour the hills and 
valleys in search of mineral veins and deposits. 
Aa a class they would be scientific men if their 
most earnest desire could be accomplished. 
The want of education in some cases and ad- 
verse circumstances in others have defeated 
their aspirations. They are, as it were, rough 
diamonds, deficient merely in the polish that 
can only be imparted by education. It can be 
shown that this State and the world have been 
benefited by the labors of these men to a much 
greater extsnt than can ever b- repaid, and it 
is only justice to them to put in au'airn for edu- 
cational facilities to fit them for the b< tter ac- 
complishment of their labors. 

There is a class of scientific workers whose 
happiness depends on the pursuit of knowledge. 
They may be found in almost every part of the 
State and in every social condition. In the 
large cities they institute societies in which 
they toil for years in poverty, to be at times 
ridiculed, and but seldom encouraged or appre- 
ciated. They may be ^found in the mountains 
in rough dress, with mining tools on their shoul- 
ders, climbing hills while looking for mines of 
silver, gold, lead, copper and other metals, or 
searching the deserts for deposits of salt, borax 
and soda. It is through the efforta of this clasa 
of men that the glorious State of California is 
100 years in advance of the frontier Territory 

it would have been had the land been suited 
only for agricultural purposes. They were the 
pioneers who paved the way for the railroad 
made known the -physical features of, 
the country, and made it possible for 
us to rear our families in safety on lands 
which but a few short years ago were the 
range of the savage and of wild animals. While 
they believed they were working for themselves 
they were in reality the agents of a providence 
which has given to the world a California and a 
Pacific coast, 

Scientific men generally become so without 
any premeditated plan; on the other hand, at- 
tempts to make them to order generally result 
in failure. Scientific men, and especially those 
who become noted aa such, are too frequently 
jaalous of each other. But I will not say that 
these very jealousies are not productive of 
good, and the world benefited by the rivalry 
thereby engendered. They should more gener- 
ally j )in forces and work in harmony, give 
their ideas and the resultB of their original re- 
searches to to the world for the benefit of man- 
kind during their lives, rather than {by the 
posthumous publication of their worke) be re- 
ferred to after death as noted men of science. 

"A prophet is not without honor save in his 
own country" — bo a scientific man is seldom ap- 
preciated during his life. History is filled with 
such examples. They are generally poor and 
their pursuite tend to a continuance of that 
condition, and as they seldom become wealthy 
by the practical application of the discoveries 
they make, they should at least be indulged in 
their peculiarities and thanked by those who 
gain riches, health and convenience from their 

Mining Schools. 

To aid prospectors in their labors and studies 
there should be some institution, fostered by 
the State, where men wishing to spend a few 
days, or weeks, in learning to distinguish min- 
erals or to assay ores, could be able to do so with- 
out expense and without preparatory study, by 
simply making application and expressing the 

There should be a grand library of practical 
and scientific books, special works of reference, 
to which all should have free access during suit- 
able hours daily, with conveniences for making 
memoranda. These books, being of a reference 
character, and unlike those in public libraries, 
ehould never be permitted to leave the rooms, 
and should be carefully watched to prevent 
mutilation and theft. 

California is one of the largest States in the 
Union, having an area of nearly 1S9.000 square 
miles. A corresponding sea coast on the Atlan- 
tic side of the continent would extend nearly 
from Boston to Savannah. With such a vast 
scope of only partially explored territory at 
your feet, yoa will have ample opportunity to 
employ your leisure in collecting geological facts 
and leave something to be done by future gen- 
erations. Scientific men in older countries envy 
us the new fields open to our investigations, and 
look to us for original work. 

I trust the California Geological Society will 
not only do all in its power to collect informa- 
tion relating to this almost virgin field, but 
also publish its proceedings for the benetiVof 
the world. 

The Tariff on Lead. 

Vigorous Protest £ g alnst a Reduction. 

The American Association of Mining Indus- 
tries has issued the following "Protest A," 
which is being circulated in Colorado for signa- 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Rep- 
resentatives oj the United States: — Aa miners 
and men of business, desiring to BeB our coun- 
try prosperous and progressive commercially, 
socially, and in all other advantageous direc- 
tions, and recognizing the indubitable fact that 
the tradeB and industries which, when fl mrish- 
ingand Belf-sustaining, lead to this worthy end, 
and that these trades and industries depend 
largely upon eaeh other for their aggregate suc- 
cess, we earnestly and anxiously proteBt against 
any movement for reductions in the tariff on 
lead and copper and their ores, 

The mining and reduction of base oreB, espe- 
cially those of lead and copper, form one of the 
strongest interests in the State; an interest in 
which much of the present prosperity of the 
State, and that which is anticipated, lies, and 
we desire to present to your honorable bodies 
that the contemplated reduction of tariff upon 
the ores and metals named would utterly ruin 
and shut off this industry, for only under the 
protection of tho tariff can it be possible to con- 
duct the work of mining and reducing lead and 
copper with that success which would lead to 
any extensive operationo therein. 

The greatest commentators upon tariff ques- 
tions, and even those who have most strenuous- 
ly advocated free trade, have agreed that it iB 
most expedient to givo tariff protection to cer- 
tain industries in new countries, provided the 
country under consideration has good natural 
resources for the prosecution of the industry 
thm to be protected. 

Without intent or desire to discuss tariff mat- 
ters, further than to present our just claim in 
the single proposition in hand, we beg leave to 
offer that ours ia certainly a new country, and 
that there can be no manner of doubt as to its 
natural resources in ths direction suggested, or 
that the industry and interests involved have 
most prospered under tariff protection against 
foreign compttition. 

To abolish this protection against foreign lead 

and copper is to paralyz3 not only the direct in- 
dustries which mining and reducing them fos- 
ters i a this State, but it would seriously injure 
many and other important industries that are 
largely dependent upon the first named to-wit: 
the manufactories which manipulate lead and 
copper, and which give employment to thou- 
sands; the merchants and farmers who supply 
the miners and artisans of these metals with 
the necessities and comforts of life in the way 
of food, clothing, etc. ; the railroads and other 
common carriers, and other various branches 
too numerous to speoify, in trade and commerce, 
which the interests mentioned permeate and 

It is this multiplying and diversifying of the 
departments of home industry, bringing the 
farmer, the mechanic, the merchant, the man- 
ufacturer, the miner, and the common carrier, 
into immediate contact and community of in- 
terest, enabling them to interchange their pro- 
ducts, necessities', and accommodations, which 
makea any country, and especially a new one, 
successful and prosperous. 

The high price of coke and other material, 
the use in mines of large quantities of steel and 
iron, the heavy machinery required that must 
be taken into them to work them, incur not 
only great cost in purchase, but a vast expenae 
in freight, and it is certain, therefore, that but 
for the protection afforded by the tariff on lead 
aud copper, so largely produced in this State, 
not a pound of either would have been produced, 
and for the same reason a reduction of the tar- 
iff would operate to hinder and shut off the 
production. The tariff is, in short, the very 
life of the industries mentioned and those cor- 

That the prosperity of the whole country is 
the first thought and aim and care of your hon- 
orable bodies, we entertain no doubt, and we 
submit that in order to foster the industries of 
the whole country as an aggregate, those of 
sections should be encouraged, sustained, abet- 
ted and upheld in detail. In Colorado all 
branches of business are made more valuable 
and prosperous by the protection of her mines, 
which enables her people to work them and ren- 
der them productive aud valuable to the Stat; 
and the world. 

The lead and oopper interests of Colorado, 
though yet in their infancy, are capable of pro- 
lific production of wealth, and will be exten- 
sively advanced by the prosecution of opera- 
tions in the prdsent mines, the opening of new 
ones, and the erection of numerous additional 
works for the reduction of ores, if your honor- 
able bodies heed our petitions and memorials, 
and thus insure the protection desired, which 
is, beyond paradventure, a sine qua non in the 

The Leadville Protest. 

The miners and smelters of Laadville, Col- 
orado, have signed a protest addressed to the 
Committee on Finance of the Senate, and to 
the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
House of Representatives, and filed with the 
said committees on December 23, 1SS2. The 
proteBt is aa follows: 

The undersigned, who are well acquainted 
with the lead industry of Leadville, Colorado, 
and of this country, respectfully submit the 
following faots for the consideration of your 
honorable body. 

Until the tariff on lead ores was threatened 
with a reduction the price of lead was §100 a 
ton. At that rate the Leadville smelter can 
pay $40 a ton for the lead in the ore. The re- 
maining $60 ia consumed in loss in treating, 
freight, refining, commissions, etc. With the 
present tariff of two cents per pound on lead, 
equivalent to $40 a ton, lead cannot be imported 
at a profit; with the tariff reduced to one and 
and one halt cents per pound, equivalent to $30 
a ton, lead could be imported and sold at a 
profit with a slight advance on $90 a ton. At 
$90 a ton the Leadville smelter could only pay 
$30 a ton for lead. 

Product of Colorado. 

Leadville and its adjoining and tributary 
camps (Pi. 3d Cliff, Kokomo and others) now pro- 
duce about 1.000 tons of ore per day, or at the 
rate of 300,000 tons per annum; 100,000 tons of 
this ore now net the mine owner not to exceed 
$2 a ton. This ore averages from 25 to 30% 
lead, for which the smelter now pays at the 
rate of 40 cents per unit, but for which he 
could only pay at the rate of 30 cents per unit, 
with lead at $00 a ton, i. e., the mine owner 
would receive 10 cants a unit, or from $2.50 to 
$3.00 a ton less for his ore, which exceed hia 
present profit. 

Of these 100,000 tons not to exceed 10,000 
tons are mined in mining the richer ores, so 
that the remaining 90,000 tons would not be 
mined at all in the case of a reduction of 
the tariff. These 90,000 tons would cost an 
average of $12 a ton to mine, equal to §1,080, • 
000, and $12 a ton to reduce, equal to $1,080,- 
000 more, or a total of $2,160,000, the whole 
of which sum is now expended in this cimp as 
follows: Labor, $1,500,000; supplies, $060,000. 
As it coats no more to mine and reduce the 
higher grades of ore than th6 lower, the reduc- 
tion of the tariff by one-half cent per pound on 
lead would reduce the demand for labor and 
supplies in this camp to two-thirds of the pres-, 
ent. In addition to this loss to labor and Bup- 
plie3, the mine owner and the sraolter together 
would lose a profit of about $300,000 on the 
90,000 tons of ore that could not be mined 
with the reduced tariff, and the mine owner 
would in addition thereto lose about 
$320,000 on the lead produced from the 
{Continued on page 23). 

January 13, I 

Mining and Scientific Press. 




What Dr. SeimeBs Expects From the Gas 

In his 1883 inautrura! as President of the 
British Amouiati m, Df, Seimens s'lk'^'ested that 
might not be far distant when the gai 
engine wmiM displace on board our ships the 
it complicate'] and dangerous steam 
boiler i»-j«* in use. The advent of such an en- 
gine and the dyntmo machine he declared must 
mark a new era *>f material progress, at least 
equal to that produced by the introduction of 
stesm power in the early part of the century. 

The great advantage of the gas engine is be- 
lieved to be in its saving of fuel.. According to 
Dr. Siimens the best steam engine yet construc- 
ted does not yield in mechanical effect more 
than one-seventh part of the heat energy resid- 
ing in the fuel consumed, when as the factor of 
V of the gas engine is one quarter. If, 
therefore, it shall be adapted to vessels, the 
gas engine, being of half the weight of the 
present steam engine and boilers, and working 
with only about half the present expenditure of 
fuel, will admit of an addition of 30 to the 
cargo of an "an Atlantic propeller vessel — no 
longiT to bo called a steamer." That improve- 
ment accomplished, the balance of advantages 
in favor of such vessels would be sullicieut, as 
• he says, to restrict the use of sailing craft 
chit fly t'> the regattas of sportsmen. 

As it is -now, steam is rapidly driving sails 
from the ojean, just as iron and steel are super- 
ceding wood for ship construction. Oat of the 
780 vessels building, or preparing to be 
built, in the United Kingdom on the 30th of 
June last, only 130 were sailing craft, while u'5U 
were steamships; and of this whole number 
only 49 sailing vessels and 6 steam vesBels were 
of wood, while steel, or homogeneous iron, 
which is destined to become the great material 
for ship building, was used for SV» steam and 1 1 
sailing vessels. 

The great advanoes hitherto made in steam 
vessels nave been in the direction of saving fuel 
in lighter machinery, in the substitution of the 
screw for side wheels, and in the use of iron and 
steel instead of wood for their construction. 
A wooden ship could not be built to perform 
like the AOmhi or the Arizona, Whereas in 
the days of the old Collins line, the steam was 
expanded only twice, and the pressure carried 
was only IS lb).; the expansion now is 10 or 12 
times and the pressure is 1)3 to 100 Ibj. The 
oldCunarders, the ^l«ia, Africa,, and Canada cat- 
liel a pressure of only 10 lbs. 

The consequence has been the enormous in- 
crease in the size of the ocean steamers and the 
great advance in their speed. In April, 1S3S, 
the fiirius firat crossed the Atlantic in 17 days 
from Liverpool and 15 days from Qieenetown. 
.She was of 700 tons and 320-horse power. The 
Servia, built in 1SSI, has an extreme length of 
530 it., and a displacement of 13,000 ton?. The 
City of Rome, built in the same year, is GOO ft. 
long, and has a displacement of 13,500 tons. 
The Alaska, which is 500 ft. long, and of 12,000 
displacement, has done the distance between 
Queenstown and New York in 7 days, 4 hours 
and 32 minute?, and the return voyage in 6 
days and 22 hours, a mean ocean speed of 
about 17 knots an hour, or more than double 
that of tie first steam vessel which crossed the 

Undoubtedly, if the gas engine shall be able 
to do what Dr. StimecB will give 
ocean navigation another and a strong impulse. 
Its far greater lightness, as compared with the 
steam engine ana boilers, and its smaller coif- 
consumption of coal to produce the same effect, 
will admit of a much larger cargo, and greater 
Bpeed may be obtained without too much sac- 
rifice of the cargo capacity of the vessel. 

Length of Rails for Railways. 

A new question among railroad men has re- 
cently sprung up regarding the most profitable 
and economical length for rails in the track. 
Up to 10 years ago, a rail 16 ft. in length was 
in general use; then the more prominent lines 
began laying a 32-foot length rail. Now sev- 
eral roads are introducing ft rail GO ffc. in length, 
, and as soon as the new mill in Chicago is fairly 
in operation, rails 120 ft. in length are to be 
manufactured and teated on one of the north- 
western lines. This mill will be the only one 
in the country to constructed that a 120-foot 
rail can be timed out. The argument in favor 
of long rails is the fact that the chief wear on 
the rails is at the joints, which become bat- 
tered usually long batore the body of the rail is 
much worn. Then it is further argued that 
the wheels under the cirs will wear a third 
longer on a 120-foot rail, tbey being more worn 
in pounding the ends of the rails than in the 
a tual turning of the wheel. It will be no- 
ticed further that with the lengthening of the 
rail a heavier rail ia taking the place of a 
lighter one, but few firat-class roads now laying 
a rail lighter than 60 pounds to the yard. 
They claim that with a rail 120 feet in length, 
Champions of the long rails favor a rail that 
will weigh 70 or SO pouuds to the yard, 
weighing SO pounda to the yard, a track will 
last a quarter of a century, with slight repairs 
in the way of new crose-ties. One obj action 
will be, however, its great weight, which will 
make in difficult to handle, unless it be done 
by a derrick car. — Mechanical News. 

A Helping Hand. 

The boys who succeed in life are generally 
those who aro always ready to lend a helping 
hand. The same is true with workmen gener- 
ally, wherever they may be. Daring the pro- 
gress of the boilermakerV strike in New York, 
a steamship needed some repairs on her boilers 
beforo she oonld vail. Nothing would induce 
the strikers to undertake the work. In the 
emergency the chief engineer appealed to his 
crew to help him out of the difficulty. This the 
latter cheerfully consented to do, and set to 
work with a will, finishing the job in time for 
the regular trip. The proprietors of the works 
where the repairs were made recognized the 
service by paying full time to the crew, and it 
is probable that these men will never have occa- 
sion to regret their action in this instance. They 
were not, however, obliged to do it. It was 
not the duty for which they were paid, and had 
they possessed the spirit of some workers they 
would have declined to touch the job. Many 
men, especially young men, have the idea that 
the performance of any service outside of the 
prescribed routine is a blow at their independ- 
ence. John, who is engaged on the books, 
grumbles because his employer asks him to olose 
the store in the absence of the porter. 

The men who succeed, however, are they 
who are occasionally willing to sink dignity in 
the interest they feel in the business in which 
they are engaged, and who are not sticklers 
for an over-strict construction of the terms of 
their contract. The painter who drops his 
brush at the tt*oke of 12, and will not finish a 
piece of work which will take two minuteB 
more to bring to completion, is not the one to 
become a master-workman. Oftentimes the 
employer is to blame for the lack of interest 
among his help and their disposition to demand 
the exact "pound of tljBh," He ia unsympa- 
thetic, 'Mocks ' them for a slight and unavoid- 
able loss of tin o, and bo engenders inharmoni- 
ous or unfriendly relations. Where there ia a 
mutual good feeling, each party to the contuact 
will be alert to help the other in time of need. 

Waste of Power m Friction. 

The frequent nae of the indicator for deter- 
mining the amount of power consumed in 
driving ahafting ia of great value. From 30 to 
50% of the power of enginea ia ordinarily used 
for thia purpose. The running condition of 
shafts and bearings, the aligment, the quality 
of the lubricant, and the tension of the belting, 
all have an important effect on the amount of 
power used up in friction. These are every 
one liable to change. 

The difference in the friction of a line of ahaft- 
iug in perfect order, and the eame not in per- 
fect order may not be such to attract attention 
by any outward sign. But the indicator will 
show a difference, and it is liable to be of con- 
siderable amount. The repeated employment 
of the indicator for this purpose ia a simple and 
certain means for showing changes that may 
occur, and furnishes a reliable indication aa to 
when thia important oonsumer of power needs 

The friction of the shafting and loose pulleys 
located in a certain new building waa found by 
indicator test to consume 19.34-horae power. 
At the expiration of 15 montha a similar test 
of the same shafting showed a consumption of 
26 64,-horse power, being an increase of 38%. 
Aa far as thoso having charge were aware, the 
bearings and all the conditions were practically 
the same aa before. A test on another engine 
showed an increase in friction amounting to 
44% after the expiration of five months. 

The use of the indicator, the determination 
of the actual performance by testB of boilers and 
engines, the careful examination of the uses to 
which steam is applied, not only detect the 
first source of waste, but locate the place of 
the second, and point to remedies for both. 

Edge Tools. — All cutting and piercing edge 
tools operate on the principle of tho wedge. 
A brad-awl furnishes an example which all oan 
readily understand. The cutting edge of the 
awl severs the fibers of wood as the instrument 
enters, and the particles are compressed into a 
smaller compass, in the same manner as when 
a piece of wood ia severed by a wedge. A 
chisel is a wedge in one sense, and an ax, draw- 
ing-knife or jack-knife ia also a wedge. When 
a keen-edged razor ia made to clip a hair or to 
remove a man's beard it operates on the princi- 
ple of the wedge. Every intelligent mechanic 
understands that when a wedge is dressed out 
smoothly it may be driven in with much less 
force than if its surface were left jagged 
and rough. The same idea holds good with 
reapect to edge toola. If the cutting edge be 
ground and whet to as fine an edge as may be 
praticable wish a fine gritted whetstone, and 
if the surface back of the cutting edge be 
ground smooth and true, and polished neatly, 
ao that one can discern the color of hia eyea by 
meana of she polished Burface, the tool will en- 
ter whatever is to be cut by the application of 
much less force than if the surfaces were left as 
rough aa they usually are when the tool leaves 
the grindstone. All edge tools, such as axes, 
chisels and planes, that are operated with a 
crushing instead of a drawing stroke, should be 
polished neatly clear to the cutting edge, to 
facilitate .their entrance into the substance to 
be cut. — Manufacturer and Builder, 

The greatest of physical para- 
doxes is the sunbeam. It is the most potent and 
versatile force we have, and yet it behaves it- 
self like the gentlest and most accommodating. 
Nothing can fall more softly and more Bileotly 
upon the earth than the rays of our great lu 
miliary — not even the feathery tlakeB of snow 
which thread their way through the atmos- 
phere as if they were too filmy to yield to the 
demands of gravity like grosser things. The 
most delicate slip of gold leaf, exposed as a 
target to the sun's shafts, is not stirred to the 
extent of a hair, though an infant's faintest 
breath would set it into tremulous motion. The 
tenderest of human organs — the apple of the 
eye— though pierced and bufftted each day by 
thousands of sunbeams, suffers no pain during 
the process, but rejoices in their sweetness, and 
blesses the useful light. Vet a few of those 
rays, insinuating themselves into a mass of iron, 
like the Britannia tubular bridge, will compel 
the closely-knit particles to separate, and will 
move the whole enormous fabric with aa much 
ease as a giant would stir a straw. The play of 
those beama upon our sheets of water lifts up 
layer after layer into the atmosphere, and 
hoists whole rivers from their beds, only to 
drop them again in snows upon the hills, or in 
fattening showers upon the plants. L^t but 
the air drink in a little more sunshine at one 
place than another, and out of it springs the 
tempest or the hurricane,) which desolareB a 
whole region in its lunatio wrath. The marvel 
16, that a power which is capable of assuming 
auch a diversity of forms, and of producing 
such stupendous results, should come to us in 
so gentle, so peaceful and so unpretentious a 
guise. — Manufacturer and Builder. 

Curious Fact Concerning Boiling Water. 
— At a recent Association meeting, Mr. A. J. 
Haddock, A. I. C, related the following: A 
kettle rilled with boiling water was hung in the 
botteat room of Borne Turkish baths, with the 
lid on. The temperature of the surrounding air 
waa 2G2° Fahr. After about an hour the tem- 
perature of the water was taken, and indicated, 
as was expected, 212°. The kettle was then re- 
hung with the lid off. The temperature of the 
room was now 252°. In 20 minutes the tem- 
perature of the water had fallen to 1SJ°; in 30 
minutes, to 17S°; in 45 minutes, to 170', and 
was evidently still falling. The manager atated 
that it generally fell finally to about 140°, when 
a point of equilibrium aeemed to be established, 
and the water neither got hotter nor cooler. 
Mr. Haddock supposes thia loss of heat was due 
to rapid vaporizitiou and conversion of the 
sensible heat of the water into the 
latent heat of steam, and as dry air is a very 
bad conductor of heat (one of the worst known), 
the heat required to convert a portion of the 
water into steam had to be abstracted from the 
remainder of the water, thus lowering the tem- 
perature. In substantiation of this explanation, 
we know as a fact that if water is placed in a 
vessel over a large bulk of strong sulphuric 
acid, in the receiver of an air pump, and the air 
ia exhausted, the rapid evaporation of one por- 
tion of the water will aotually cause the rest to 

Purification cf Sulphuric Acid p.y Crys- 
tallization. — In the Zeitschrift fur Analytlsche 
Chemie, Tj »den Moddermann remarks that he 
has for some time been accustomed to prepare 
pure sulphuric acid by recryatallization of the 
hydrate (H2SO4H2O), and finds thia seldom 
adopted method of purification to be really an 
excellent one. The author haB experimented 
in this way upon acids containing considerable 
quantities of lead and arsenious and nitric acids, 
etc., and by protracted re crystallization haB in all 
cases obtained a pure acid from them. The 
method is very simple. The acid is mixed with 
Bijfiijient water, and, in bottles two-thirds full, 
exposed to the cold in the open air on a frosty 
night. If the mixture haa been properly made 
it ia generally frozen throughout the next morn- 
ing. The chief thing then is to carefully sepa- 
rate the crystals from the mother liquor, and 
for thia purpose the author employs a centrifugal 
apparatus, ao constructed that the acid only 
comes in contact with glass. The separation is 
very easily effected, and except in cases whore 
an acid is atrongly contaminated with the dif- 
ferent oxides of nitrogen, one recrystallization 
iB generally sufficient. 

Seeing and Signaling. — M. Carpentier 
tells us that the time elapaing between a per- 
son aeeing a signal and being able to repeat it 
with his forefinger ia about 13 100 of a second. 
With some people the interval is twice aa long, 
but the above may be taken as the average. 
M. Carpentier terms the interval in queation 
the "duration of luminous perception," and he 
meaaurea it in a very ingenious manner. A 
black disk is set revolving at a given speed, 
and the observer faces it, having under hia fin- 
ger an electrio* key. There ia a small opening 
or window in one part of the disk, and when 
this comes round opposite the observer he sees 
a light shining through it. Immediately he 
presses the key and an electric signal passes to the 
a revolving disk. The disk is stopped, and the 
distance between the window and the record of 
the signal being measured furnishea the result. 
The distance between the two points on the 
disk is, of course, easily turned into time, 
sines the disk was revolving at a known speed. 

SciEH noNs.—Prof. Liokyer ia 

of the opinion that there are many facta sug- 
gested by the spectra of solar and stellar physics 
which seem t ) show that nhe elements them- 
selves, or, at all events, some of them, are com- 
pound bodies. Thus it would appear that the 
hotter a star the more simple is its spectrum, 
for the brightest, and therefore probably the 
hottest stars, such as Sirius, furnish spectra, 
showing only very thick hydrogen lines, aud a 
very few thin metallic lines, characteristic of 
elements of low atomic weight. On ihe other 
hand, the cooler stars, auch as our sun, are 
shown by their spectra to oontain a much larger 
cumber of metallic elements than stars such as 
Sirius, but no non-metallic elements; and again 
the coolest stars furnish spectra characteris- 
tic of compounds of metallic with non- 
metallic elements. These/acts appear to 
meet with a simple explanation, if 
if it bo supposed that, as the temperature in- 
creases, the compounds are first broken up into 
their constituent elements, and that those ele- 
ments then undergo decomposition into elements 
of lower atomic weight. 

SCIENCE in Japan. — Scientific men in Japan 
are now discussing the possibility of utilizing 
the internal heat of the earth. At a recent 
meeting of the Seismological Society, Mr. Milne 
read a paper in which he said that the fact 
that there was an unlimited supply of energy 
in the interior of the earth bad been generally 
overlooked, although portions of it crop out in 
countries like Japan, Iceland and New Zealand, 
in the form of hot springs, solfataras, volcanos, 
etc He stated that there is an unlimited supply 
of water in hot springs within a radius of 100 
miles around Tokio, and that the heat of these 
springs should be converted into an electric cur- 
reut and transmitted to towna and buainess or 
manufacturing centers. 

Meteoric Hailstones.— At the late meeting 
of the British Association, Prof. Schwedoff said 
aome startling thinga about hailatone8. He 
made mention of one hails t me 26 inches in 
diameter, and of another as large as an elephant 
which took three days to melt. He advanced 
novel and startling viewa on the formation of 
hailstones. He contended that hail, exhibiting 
a regular crystalline form, and not infrequently 
falling from all points of the atmosphere, ia not 
of atmospheric origin, generating from moisture 
suddenly in aerial storms, but that the stones 
come from ultra- terrestrial regions, and are, in 
short, a species of meteor of cosmic origin. 
Sometimes meteors were an accompaniment of 

Proposed New Scientific Phrases. — Some 
scientific journals propose that men of science 
should be called "scientiates, " and not "scien- 
tists," and that instead of using the phrase 
"scientific studies," we should rather employ 
"sciential studiis." No doubt these changes 
would harmonize our expressions very closely 
with the Italian acienziati and scienziali, but it 
is exceedingly questionable whether the adop- 
tion of these ne w words would add much to 
precision of statement, when the words now in 
use have very definite meanings attached to 

Obstacles to the Cultivation of Science. 
— The Pojndar Science Monthly rightly Bays: 
"Two unregulated and overwhelming passions 
in this country stifle the growth of science — the 
intense and absorbing passion for wealth and 
the universal infatuation for politics. These 
are great national diseasea, not peculiar to 
America, but malignant in America, and the 
state of mind they engender makes the sys- 
tematic cultivation of scientific thought next to 

SiticiUM Instead of Carbon. — Mr. Werder- 
mann, whose electrical diacoveiiea have at- 
tracted much notice, has j att patented a new 
incandescent lamp. The peculiarity of thia 
lamp consists in the fact that the vacuum, in- 
dispensible in all other such lampB, is dispensed 
with. Mr. Werdermann employs silicium in 
place of carbon, and he has succeeded in pro- 
curing from it better results than if carbon 
were employed. 

Cold or Hot Gas. — An eminent authority 
on illuminating gas, Mr. Sugg, insists that 
one point of great importance in the construc- 
tion of a gas-burner is that the gaa should not 
be heated until it arrives at the point of igni- 
tion. The body of the chamber below that 
point must therefore be made of a material 
which ia a bad conductor of heat, to prevent 
an undue expansion of gas and maintain the 
heat of the flame. 

Jupitf.r's Spot. — The great red apot on the 
planet Jupiter is reported by some obaervers to 
be growing fainter, with the prospeota of an 
early disappearance. Othera can , detect no 
change. This remarkable object, nearly 30,- 
000 milea in length aud more than S.000 in 
breadth, which has for j more than three years 
maintained ita aize and shape ^without material 
change while moving across Jupiter's surface, is 
still a aource of much perplexity toaatronomers. 

'Present evidence,' 1 aaya Prof. Owen, in 
Longman's Magazine, "concurs in concluding 
that the modes of life and grades of thought of 
the men who have left evidences of their exist- 
ence at the earliest periods, hitherto discovered 
and determined, were auch as are now obaerva- 
ble in 'savages, * or the human races which are 
commonly ao called." 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 188 3 

Table of Highest and Lowest Sales in 
S. F. Stock Exchange 

Name of 

n>iii|>;iii v. 

i Week 
I nee 21. 





Argeuta •■■■ 

Addenda .• 




Best 4 Belcher 








B ack Hawk. 

Bodie Tunnel. 

B joker ■ 

*.: >.!' ilolli.i 





m Imperial 

Cm Virginia 

Crown Point 

C )lumbii9 



Con Pacifio 



E. Mt. Diablo 

Eureka Con 




G.-and Prize 

Golden Gate 


Gould & Curry 

H ile & Norcro3s. . . 

Head Center 









Lady Bryan 

Lady Wash 




Martin White 




Mt. Diablo 

Mt. Potosi 


New York 

Northern Belle.... 
North Noonday... 


North Belle Isle... 



Original Keystone. 






Queen Bee 

South Bulwer 


9eg Belcher , 

Sierra Nevada. 

Silver Hill 

Silver King 

S lecor 



Solid Silver 

Star , 

South Nevada 


Tioga Con 



Union Con 

Utah , 



Yellow Jacket 


Dec 28. 

7 c ! 55c 




32 4.30 

75c l."5 





Jan 4. 

L95 2.10 



50 c 

5c 10c 

2.40 2.80 

"1 1.45 



50c 60c 
1.65 2.85 
30c 55 c 


Compiled every Thursday from Advertisements in Mining and Scientific Press and other S. F. Journals 


i.,85 2.00 

1.90 2.2 
1.05 1J 

2.95 3.40 


1.70 1.90 

n n 


15c 20c 

2.65 2.85 

J. 85 4.(j0 

L.00 1.15 


.. 20c 

1.20 1 

1.65 1.8 


Alta S M Co 

Cal'foroia M Co 

Con Imperial M Co 

lay S M Co 

Grand View Con M Co 

Noonday M Co 

N Noonday M Co 

Nf-rth Belle Isle M Co 

N Gooli & Curry S M Co 

Opbir S M Co 

Oro M Co 


Sierra Nevada SM Co 

Utah SM Co 

Nevada 24 

Nevada b 

Nevada 18 

Nevada 11 

California 1 

California 7 

Ca'ifnroia 7 

Nf vada 5 

Nevada 4 

Nevada 43 

Ca'ifomia 13 

Ntvada 10 

Nevada 75 

Nevada 42 


Jan 4 
Nov 21 
Jau 3 
Nov 10 
05 Dec 16 
1 00 Dec 2 
1 00 Dec 2 
20 Nov 29 
30 Dec 11 
1 00 Dec 27 
15 Nov 11 
25 Nov 22 
1 00 Dec 8 
1 00 Dec 7 

Feb 8 

Dec 29 
Feb S 
Dec 19 
Feb 14 
Jan 12 
Jan 10 
Jan 3 
Jan 12 
Jan 31 
Jan 19 
Dec 27 
Jan 11 
Jan 15 

Feb 27 
Jan 2 6 
Mar 1 
Jan 15 
Mar 14 
Feb 7 
Feb 5 
Jan 23 
Feb 2 
Feb 20 
Feb 10 
Jan 17 
Jan 30 
Feb 5 

W H Watson 
C P Gordon 
W E Dean 
E M flaH 
WH Pet li eld 
W J Taylor 
W J Taylor 
J WPew 
C H Ma' od, 
C L McCoy 
W rituart 
W E Dean 
G C Piatt, 

302 Montgomery st 
309 Montgomery at 

308 Montgomery st 

327 Pine st 
106 Leidesd rff st 
310 Fine st 
310 Pine st 
310 Tiue st 
331 Mont B ome*y Bt 

303 Montgomery st 
320 Saosume st 

309 Montgomeiyst 

309 Montgomery st 
309 Montgomery st 


2.75 2.90 

2.80 3.10 

n 4 


Acme M & M Co 
Atlantic Con M Co 
Aurora M Co 
Con Amador M Co 
Einfcracht Gravel M Co 
Esta Euena Con S M Co 
Fair Villa M Co 
Horseshoe M Co 
Harrington M Co 
M<no Like HM Co 
Mo mt Auburn G M Co 
New Coso M Co 
Oro M & M Co 
Pittsbure G M Co 
Rial del Monte M Co 
Led TlnudConMCo 
Red Hill HM&W Co 
Steptoe Con M Co 
Uucas M Co 
Young America South M Co 

Name op Compare. 
California M Co 
Crescent M & M Co 
Grand Prize M Co 

California 6 

Nevada 5 

California 4 

California 4 

California 11 

Nevada 7 

Arizona 3 

Arizona 3 

California 4 

California 1 

California 9 

California 15 

Arizona 2 

California 15 

Nevada 16 

California 11 

California 7 

Nevada 2 

California 1 

Nevada 1 

03 Nov 21 

05 Dec 21 

05 Nov 23 

5) Dec 21 

05 Dec 12 

1 00 Nov 3 


Dec 11 


Deo 27 


Bee 6 


Nov 16 


Dec 5 


Dec 13 


Dec 58 


Not 29 


Nov 17 


Dec 2 


Dec 5 


Nov 13 


Aug 31 


Dec 26 

Dec 29 
Jan 29 
Dec 22 
Jan 20 
Jan 11 
Jan 17 
Feb 2 
Jan 9 
Jan 6 
Jao 9 
Jan 19 
Feb 3 
Jan 3 
Dec 20 
Jan 10 
Jan 6 
Dec 21 
Dec 26 
Jan 30 

Jan 15 
Feb 19 
Jan 20 
Feb 10 
Feb 7 
Feb 10 
FeT> 5 
Feb 23 
Jan 31 
Feb 10 
Jan 2o 
Feb 7 
Feb 27 
Jan 24 
Jan 8 
Feb 5 
Jan 31 
Jan 12 
Jan 17 
Feb 20 

J M Buftiiigti.n 
D Wider 
-p Conklin 
F B Litham 
H Kuuz 
R N Brooks 
J H Say re 
J H Sayre 
O Miller 
J Elbert 
C A JaTies 
D B rimho'in 
J L Fields 
R Wegener 
CVD Hubbard 
W J Taylor 
E Hesfes 
J E Dwmon 
C E Gil'ett 
E M Hall 

309 California st 

323 Montgomery st 

585 Market st 

310 Pine st 

209 Sansome st 

509 Sacramenlost 

330 Pine st 

330 Piue st 

409 California st 

331 Montgomery st 

402 Montgomery st 

327 Pine st 

309 Mon*g rnery st 

4' 4 California st 

310 Pine st 


323 Monteomery st 

436 Mon'gomery st 

3C3 Montgomery st 

327 Pine st 





C P Gordon 
F Peter 

Opfice in S. F. 
309 Montgomery st 
310 Finest 
327 Pine st 




Namb of Company. 
Bodie Con M Co 
Bulwer Con M Co 
Contention Con M Co 
Rentuck M Co 
Navajo M Co 
Northern Belle M&MCo 
Pleasant Valley M Co 
Silver King M Co 
Standard Con M Co 



Office in S. F. 

Location. Secretary. 

California O W SessionB 

California W Willis 

Arizona D C Bates 

Nevada J W Pew 

Nevada J W Pew 

Wm W i lis 

California C E Ellict 

Arizona J Nash 

California Wm Willis 

309 Montgomery Bt 

309 Montgomery st 

309 Montgomery Bt 

310 Pine st 

310 Fine st 

309 Montgomery st 

327 Pineet 

315 California st 

309 Montgomery st 





Jan 17 
Jan 15 
Jan 19 

Nov 15 
Jan 12 
Nov 28 
Jan 19 
.'«n 12 
Dec 15 
Dec 15 
J nli 
Jan 12 

! 95c 
, 1.05 
2.35 3.35 

io 104 

3 3.35 

1.55 13 

...J "260 

1.05 1.15 

2.90 3.10 
1.20 2.45 

Sales at S. F. Stock Exchange. 

Thursday A. M.. Jan. 11 

350 Alta 20c 

800 Albion 1.75 

200 Andes 50c 

750 Belle Isle 1.25 

40 Utah 2.30 

490 Union 2.85 

40 Yellow Jacket 1 .15 

afternoon session. 
60D Argenta 25«40c 

40 Belcher .....'tic 2320 Albion 1.70@1 

210 B & Belcher . . .3 85@3.90 

300 Bullion 90c 

775 Chollar 1.30(51.3" 

43) Con Virginia 45((250c 

100 Day 

100 Enreka Con 25c 

50 Eureka Tunnel 70c 

170 Gould & Ourry.l.60@1.65 

410 Hale & Nor 1.10 

260 Mexican 2.80@2.85 

100 Indeoendeuce .75c 

100 Mt Diablo 3.75 

100 Navajo. 

275 Northern Belle 1UJ 3~>0 Oohir.. 

40 Occidental 1.15(^1.20 ""' 

10 Ophir 1.60 

21(10 Poto3i 1.30@1.35 

'300 Savatre 80c 

150 Scorpion 50c 

10 Seg Belcher 1 

405 Sierra Nevada.3.15(a>3.20 
100 Silver King 10i 


100 Bullion 90c 

425 Chollar 1 .30(5)1 .35 

600 Con Virginia 45(3500 

Bi'l Elko C 15(525c 

200 Grand Prize 35c 

'200 Hale & Nor 1.15 

3HQ Independence 70c 

300 Mono 10c 

145 Mexican 2.85@2.90 

35 Northern Belle 10 

20QNBelleIs 80c 

f'GO Oro 



100 Pinal 
500 Potosi., 
131 Savage. 

160 S Nevada 3.05@3.15 

100 Union 2.85 

70 Utah 2.20 

200 Wales '20c 

190 Yellow Jacket 1.15 

Bullion Shipments. 

We quote shipments since our last, and shall 
be pleased to receive further reoorts : 

Horn Silver, Jan. 2o\ $10,000; Bullionville, 
2d, $3,595; Stormont, 2d, S3, 310; Germania, 2d, 
$4,100; Hanauer, 2d, §2,790; Horn Silver, 3d, 
$40,500; Fresno, 2d, ©3,281; Tintic, 21, $3 310; 
Park City, 31, $2 625; Hanauer, 3d, $5,500; 
Stormont, 3', $0 400; Crescent, 31, §3 070; 
Alice, 4th, $35,000; Park City, 6"b, $5,375; 
Horn Silver, 7th, §15,000; Hanauer, 7 th, $2 300; 
Nevada, 7th. $3,100; Alice, Dae. 30bb, §10 080; 
Lexington, 30th, $17,056; Anaconda, Dec. 30ih; 
56 240; Christy, Jan. 1st, §2 269; Standard, 1st, 
$15,456; Northern Belle, 33, §9,S94; Bodie, 
Sth, 86,136; Navajo (for December), §65,194; 
Northern Belle (for December), $81,141; Yellow 
Jacket (for December), §25,847; Navoji, 8tb, 
^§16,000; Syndioate, 6th, §9.217; Manhattan, 
3d, §9,955; Bodie Tunnel, 2d, §2,956; Conten- 
tion Con., 5tb, §24,102. 

The total catch by the New England fleet 
during 1882 waB: Of mackerel, 378.S63 barrels, 
of cod and other ground fa'Bh, 898,904 quintels. 

Mining Share Market. 

The principal item of interest this week 
among the mining stock dealers is that con* 
nected with the Bullion mine. There has been 
a fight between the "ins" and "outfl." The 
dissatisfied stockholders have been trying to 
"oust" the MacDsrmott management, and all 
sorts of statements have been made. The man- 
agement refused to allow stockholders or ex- 
perts to examine the bookB; but an order of 
court was obtained and the books finally exam- 

The members of the Pacific Stock and Ex- 
change Board have decided t> close its doors 
and dispose of the property to the highest bid- 
der. Several offers for the property on Mont- 
gomery street are said to have been received, 
the highest bid being $85,000. 

The market is not buoyant by any means, 
yet there have b3en more ups and downs in the 
past few days than have occurred for some 

The promising feeders of quartz still continue 
in the face of the south drift on the 2700 level 
of the Con. Virginia. In a short time, too, the 
west crosscut on the 2500 level of the Gould & 
Curry will be entering into a very interesting 
section out toward the west wall of the Corn- 
stock. In the middle mines they are pushing 
the drifts in the Chollar, Savage and Norcrosa 
as rapidly as possible, and at no distant day 
will be in a position to start crosscuts for the 
exploration of their ground. 

At the Gold Hill end of the lode most of the 
work is in the way of the extraction of ore from 
the old nppel levels. The Alta folks, however, 
are vigorously pushing forward their drain 
drift, which is to connect with the Sntro tun- 
nel. The Sutro tunnel folks have put in new 
drain boxes at the point wheie they were 
burned out by the fire which burned out a few 
sets of timbers the other day. The damage 
done by the fire was trifling, as the timbers 
burned were old ones that were about to be 
taken out and replaced by new ones. 

Saturday night the Los Angeles Electric 
Light Co., having completed preparations, for 
the first time turned the lights on all the eeven 
masts in that city. Parties in the country 
could see to drive by the electric light four miles 
distant from the town. 

Meetings and Elections. 

Leviattiax M. Co., Jan. 9lb. Directors; H. A. Dem- 
ing, (President) L. W. Boyer, (Vice-President); R, W. 
Hent, G. P. Theller and W. T. Jam t e. B. Smith, Sec- 

S. iT. Stock and Exchange Board, Jun SMl Presi- 
dent, George T. Marye, Jr.; Vice-President, is. ■'. Wake- 
field; Chairman. B Howard Coit; Treasurer, .). M Shot- 
well; Secretary, Charles S. Neal. 

Silver King M. Co., Jan. 10th. B. A. Barney, Presi- 
dent; J. L. Jones, Vice-President; James M. Barney, 
General Manager and Treasurer; R. M. Phillips, Superin- 
tendent; and JoBeph Nash, Secretary. 

New Incorporations. 

The following companies have been incorporated and 
papers tiled in the office of the Superior Court, Depart- 
ment No. 10, San Francisco; 

Rappahannock G. M. Co., Jan. 9th. Directors: P. B 
Cornwall, Richard Chute, Jamea McCord, Alexander 
Barnes and John A. Davis. Capital stock— S2,000,O0O. 

O. G. M. Co., Jan. 9. Capital stock, $2,000,000. Direc- 
tors: P. B. Cornwall, Richard Chute, James McCord, Al- 
exander Earner and John A. Davis. 

News in Brief. 

Two woolen mills at Newburgh, N. Y., have 
shut down until the market improves, and 
three others will reduce the wages of employees. 

A bill has been introduced in the Missouri 
State Senate to tix gross earnings of railroads 
at the same rate as other personal property. 

Ttie Germans of New York are moving 
promptly to rais« a relief fund for the sufferers 
by he terrible floods in Germany. 

The Eoglish expedition to C*pe of Good 
Hope obtained two good observations of the in- 
ternal contact of Venus, and took 236 photo- 
graphs, over 200 of which can be measured. 

Dr. A. J. Pbotiiero, who is about to intro- 
duce ostrich farming in Southern California, .is 
in Los Angeles, in quest of a proper site for the 

The Mayor (f New York has bfen ordered 
to show cause why a writ of mandamus should 
not issue commanding him to issue and grant 
a license for the production of the Passion 

Chas. Williams, who lives at Los Angeles, 
is the possessor of a jenny which proposes to 
make herself famous. Ste has given birth to 
four colts, each of them Lvdy. The little fel- 
lows are about the siz) of a small dog. 

A movement among Texas stock men to dis- 
arm their cowboys was derided at first, but is 
now said to be making considerable headway. 
Several stock men announced that they would 
not employ any one who carried a deadly 

The Mount Cory Mine. — There is an im- 
pression abroad that Messrs. Miokay and Fair 
are principal owners in the Mount" Cory mine. 
The foct is that they are not interested in it as 
owners. It is owned by A. G. McKeizie, G.'K, 
Wells and James L Flood, Jr. The mine is 
opened by five tunnels, the vein runs from 30 
feet t> over 100 feet in width, and they now 
have in sight an amount of ore estimated at 
§2,000,000. The ore is both milling and smelt- 
ing. A first c'aas furnace will soon be erected 
for the reduction of such ore as cannot be eco- 
nomically worked by mill process. In the 
Mount Cory mine a big bonanza appears to have 
been opened out, and the success of the owners 
will be a good thing for that region of country. 
It is good evidence of what can be done when 
capital is expended freely and judiciously upon 
a fair prospect. — Enterprise. 

The Prussian Mining and Milling Company 
has declared a dividend of 10 cents per share, 
or $125 000. at New York on the 6ch. This 
makes a tctil of $650,000. 

The Kentuck dividend of 10 cents per share 
is the first which that organizition has declared 
since March 10, 1S70. To date the Kentuck 
has paid 32 dividends, aggregating £1,252,000, 
exclusive of the above. 

The Tuscarora mines listed on the Boards 
have produced bullion as fullows: Grand Prize, 
$2,300,000; Argenta, S274.C50; Navajo, $720, 000; 
Belle Isle, $000,000; Independence, $700,000; 
North Belle Isle, $100,000. Total, $4,694,000. 

Revitalizing the blood is absolutely necessary for the 
cure of senerol debility, weakness, lassitude, etc. The 
best enrichsr of the blood is Brown's Iron Bitters. 


The following- is mostly condensed from journals pub- 
lished in the interior, in proximity to the mines mentioned. 



Men Employed. —Monitor- Argus. Jan. 5: The starting 
up of the Stella miue and Exchequer mill is furnishing 
employment to quite a large number of men, arid it is 
to be hoped that success will crown the efforts of this 
enterprising mining company. 


Bartlett's Hydraulic Claim. —Amador Ledger, Jan. (i: 
For a run of UO days with S5 inches of water the amount 
obtained from the partial clean-up, together with several 
ounces of foarse gold p eked up on the claim during the 
run, was $2,000, or ou an average of §33 per day. This is 
a splenoid yield for theBe t'mes. The hydraulic is in the 
hands of Dave Fulcher, who is a No. 1 man for such 

lticu f r-EciMSNS.— We were shown this week a Fpecimen 
of quartz taken from the Mammoth mine, near Midole 
bar, by W. A. Nevills. it is one of the finest specimens 
we have Been taken from a quartz mine. is 
almost a Bolid chunk of gold, weighing probably from 10 
to 12cz*. Mr. Nevilla has taken out considerable ore 
lately plen' ifully charged witbf free gold. This ledge has 
the reputation of being rich in pockets, and we are glad 
to know that the enterprising owner has aighted on a 
pocket of an extraordinary lich character. 

Miscellaneous. — It is atated that the Bunker Hill will 
settle up and resume operations by the first of next month. 
The Hazard closed down last Tuesday. The prospecting 
operations which have been in progreasforseveral months 
past have led to nothing of importance. 

Maiioney.— Divpatch, Jan. 6: The Mahoney Co. mide 
a clean-up this wetk, the best for the amount of ore, 
crushed that has been made in the past year. There is a 
very fine body of ore in eitht and tha indications are very 
flittering. The employees have been notified to call at 
the office and receive their pay on Friday of this week. 

Volcano —Everything has been dull in the gravel min- 
ing until recently, but the rain has given it a brighter 
appearance. The Tunnel Co. has a full force of men to 
work building wing damB and other improvements. They 
expect to reap a golden harvest. The Downs is getting 
out plenty of roik and has the mill running to its ut- 
moat capacity. 1 he Acme mine is getting out rich rock 

FeaVV Machinery — Lodi Sentinel, Jan 3: As a result 
of the building of the S.J. and S. N. K. K. the copter 
mines of Campo Seco have advance in value 400 , agd 
their owners are preparing to work them vigorously, be- 
ing confident of success. During the forepart or the 
week a vast amount of new and heavy copper miniag ma- 
chinery arrived from the East to be resbipped at Lodi to 
Campo Seco via the narrow gau^e. The machinery in- 
cludes smelting apparatus. It 11 the intention of the 
Campo Seco copper mining company, of which C. Borger 
is Supt., to refine the copper at the mines. Some idea 
may be had of the confidence of the company in the 
mines by the t\jieu&ive machinery which they are get- 
ting One machine came in seven parts, three of which 
weighed 3,000 Ibj. each and the other four over t),000 lbj. 

Minks on the San Joaqoih.— Indrpe-ndent, Jan. 6: 
Maurice Burke, one of the original locators of the DeSoto 
group of mines. t\ uated in North Fork mining district, 
Fresno county, is in town. 'Ibis group consists of the De 
Soto and River View lodes, lying under the Cathedral 
peaks, on the headwaters of the San Joaquin river. The 
ores are sulphuretted, bearing tilver, and will average at 
least $40 per ton. Careful examination and measurement 
shows the UdgetobeTiO ft wide from wall to 
gangue intervening. The facilities for reduction are sec- 
ond to none, there being dense foreBts of timber on the 
mines; water is easily obtained from the high falls ou the 
river above the lead, and Borne of the leading "rock 
tharpB" of the coaBt pronounce it simply immense. These 
mines have been opened at four different points along its 
trend and show vast bodies of mineral. The field rock is 
a porphyry on the foot and a talcose slate on the hanging 
wall, which is so characteristic of a true fissure vtin. Ne- 
gotiations are now on foot that will probably result in the 
disposition of this large property to some Chicago capital- 
ists in the early Bpring. 


Waucoba.— Inyo Independent, Jan. C: W. L. Fuller 
returned Monday last from Waueuba, where, with a small 
force, he has been engaged during the past month iu do- 
ing the annual assessment work on a number of the 
Waueuba company's claias. It is much to be hoped that 
that company will soon start in for the effectual develop- 
ment of their properties iu that district. Curtainly the 
Wajam'otte. one of the properties in question, is promts- 
1ng"enough of itself to warrant the immediate inaugura- 
tion of permanent work, 8 tying nothing of half a dozen or 
more of other claimB of the company in the vicinity. Wc 
are told by those who have lately sten thiB location that 
it shews enough high-grade galena to give it rank with 
the very best and most extensive galena ledges in this 
county. There is no quest on but there are several other 
lodes iu the district, some of them exclusively silver 
quartz, that would amply justify a large outlay in the way 
of permanent investment. Now that we are to have a 
ruilroad on toiB part of the mountains within 30 miles of 
that district directly opposite on the other side of the 
Inyo range, with a peifectly featib'e loute for a good 
wagon road between, the day cannot be far distant when 
that camp will 'b,om" in earnest, and to some purpose 

Alabama.— Mr. J. H. Cook has for some three or four 
years past been operating in a small way on the old 
"Uncle Abe" gold ledge, in Alabama district. His plan is 
to work about three days in each week getting out ore, 
which in the three days following he (rushes in a two- 
stamp mill, the propelling power of which is the same old" 
horse which packs the ore. He is making good miner's 
wages all the while and accumulating a lot of experimen- 
tal machinery for a new water-power apparatus. 


Gertrude.— Cor. Mariposa Berald, Dec. G: At Grub 
Gulch times continue lively. The Surprise mill is nearly 
completed, and they think'it will start crushing in about 
10 days. There has been considerable dispute at Gnib 
Gulch over mining claims. A man could not get out 
the r e and chop a stick of wood without some one order- 
ing him < ff the ground. One man started digging post- 
holes to fence in eoaie pasture. Other parties filled the 
holes up as fast as he would dig them. SeriouB trouble 
was feared, but the matter was finally settled without the 
assistance of Mr. Colts or Mr. Bowie. But who ever 
heard of anew miring camp that did not have disputes 
over miniug claims? 


The Little Bonanza.— Grass Valley Union, Jan 4th: 
The quartz claim of H. Nichols & Co.. 2 miles to the west 
of town, is again prospecting well, 8607 being the clean-up 
on Monday, the reeult of 2 days work fur :( men. The 
quartz was taken from a shaft 20 ft in depth. The ledge 
is small but has invariably yielded rich results for the 
amount of labor bestowed, wh'ch has been done by fink- 
ing several small shafts down to water level at several 
points. Where the last shaft was sunk the ledce is show- 
ing regu'ar walls, which gives encouragement that the 
ledge will become larger and well defined when machinery 
is put up and the shaft Bunk below the water level. Al- 
together this little claim has yielded about $j 000 for the 

j labor of 2 men, taken out during the past season, when 

■ wjrkingat intervals. 

January 13, 1 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


m —The Robinson Co. hav» pur- 
chuol the iti»clnm-r> ci D Snjuirrcl 

creek, and ha* e ooilWacted with (hi 

;-.ul'i*tllt ui'un the Male 
In out Grass Valley, on what is known as the old Bui- 
mer lot. It la proposed lo ^ut the claim a Uir trial, -a 
the ap|>earance of thy ledge and the manntr in which it 
prospects at ems U» ju-tily lbs exportation lhal it will 
makes valuable mine, uld mlntrs In the district have 
i Hut it maj prove' to be the true sn 

■ Kureka mine, fur which much 
Qg has been doi I « are tho 

* u* ..I "old John K-timaon," the well known circustran. 

■ retains a third Iii'iTuSl In the 

Ui ACROU Mink.- J '■ 6th: The new 

10-itamp mill at the kt. Auburn nunc has been run- 

Lbe lant 3 days. Tho null was eonslru. 
Contract try M. (X r»)b»r, the Urai* Valley founuryman, 

and is a first -clans pi> ce <'| machinery* it li 

itors. This mine has had conaid- 
*..-k ol a prospective 
climracler. The main ihift is 000 fl d.r|.. At lbs boV 
torn of the shaf , attttuUj"t) a ifex-d vein -li'i** there, very 
liMte work has been done. At the 460 IomI tl 
has been pretty ari II prospoc sd, the north hi m b. log in 
400 (tana Un the SI Q 

north dril ", and the souii. 

It. Thre-e hundred (t of CTo*SCUta have been run a', dif- 
ferent points. The tfeneral average . f the chutes thus 
far prospected Is from if to 10 ft In tbleknsssj, 
injf In length up to 1,0) > a 

matter U>l results, hut after 

j run <>r a month or so some d..: a be forme i 

as to tho ore's value The form odi iit»is suid 

i td 2 or 3 crusblngs at cu-' iiim milh that paid 

from |10 50 to |S3 a ton. The 'lie EOUOO 

Alien the wood oontraete were let renders the supply of 
fuel short, and until the weather Mttlee and 
■;et tit tor banting the work ot d< 

hwded. Tna property is sell regarded 
Opinion being that careful and i < iDomli .1 management 
will develop it Into a flnrt-clsat tulne, it now seems to 
he m good hands. Sunt James displaying energy and 
|i il with a di termination to do hib duty. 
We shall more thoroughly diSCUM the mine's prOflpoeta 
hereafter. , 


AROTHBR Mixiso EftTISPlltSi — Placer Berald, Jan. 6: 
Wm. Wurry, one of our tluifty and energetic mining 
is a force of men at work on what Is known as 
union of the Rising Sun mine, near Obi* 
fax. Be proposes to work the ledge through a tunnel 
from the Hear Kive-r gmue. This tunut.1 is now in about 
200 ft, or nearly half the oeoeeeery distance. The old 
(Using Ban has been one of ['Lieut's best paying quartz 
mines, and Mr. Werry, wbo was superintendent of the lat- 
ter for some time, has confidence that the extension is as 
good as the original. 

ins Paht uio Potorx— Hxoapt the In 
caused by the hampering of our hydraulic mining Indus- 
try, the year Lsu was a prosperous year lor Pacer 
county. The drift mints generally did wo 1, and the quartz 
mining Industry reeelvod quites Btlmulus by the develop- 
ment of a number of comparatively new leads. Thus far 
the outlook for the year 18&'J Is altogether encouraging, 
ii our hjdraulic miner?. They have no! jet had 
nough to wafih, and the threat that comes from 
below o! inclining them i( they attempt lo wash, makes 
their outlook anything b it good. 


Noras.-- Greenville Bulletin, Jan. :j: There is not much 
of note to repoit in the mining interest this week. At 
the Oberokee there hi»ve been scverm sales under the at- 
tachments for labor and supp ies lumished. Tno future 
of this mine and the 0<4d Stripe is still uncertain. Re- 
ports have been current several times of some one coming 
from New York fully authorized by the directors to settle 
up the erf .In* of the mines with a view to resume opera- 
operations, hut nn such person 1 as yet appeared. 

Grkks U the Oreen Mountain mine both 
the mills are tunning ste.dily. Stock papers in New York 
give very disxal account* o( the miie, hut theee accourt* 
are very different from what is said of the miue here by 
men wbo have the very best facilities for knowing its eon* 
nn i ,!i. However, it is a struggle between the stock 
sharps and the stockholders; they can fight it out. The 
new air compressor lately received is nearly reidy for 


Cahi [HLB. — Calico Print, Dec. SO: Owned by Wm. Ray- 
mond. Two men at work: on the ledge, which runs north 
and south. Ore assays $f>00. Vein matter 7 ft wide. A 
shaft 4 by 7 It is being Bunk. 

ALBamiika. — Work on this mine still progretsfs, and 
tons of flrst-clasa ore are being taken out daily. The re- 
turns cf the lost lot of ore taken to Scherman'a mill av- 
eraged over $3C0 per ton. A previous ruu went from 
|400 to $800; the last run averaged 810 better than the 
same k ind crushed at Oro Grande mill. 

Oriental Mill.— The work on this mill is pio.'ressing, 
and before many weeks it will be in operation. The boiler 
aud engine are in place and tho pans are beimr set in or- 
der. All the machinery is on the ground and the heaviest 
part of the work finiBhul. 

BlLYBR 0DB88A. — This promising mine hag been bought 
by Messrs. Hunt, Daggett, Walbh aud others, the amount 
paid bting 01,500, The Scherman mill has been leased for 
a month, and it is the intention of the company to put 
enough men on the mine to take out 10 or 1*2 tons a day. 

Last Chance.— There are several ram at work on this 
claim, and the showing continues to be trood. There are 
230 sacks of good ore on the aump and Mr. Ben fie Id is 
making arrangements to have the same crushed at Scher- 
man's mil). 

B»ss. — This mine, owned by Wm. Raymond, is showing 
up veil. A cut 11 ft deep bos Dcen run L0 ft into the 
ledge, from which ore has been taken assaying $? 000 and 
working $1,000 to the ton. Eight or 10 tons of ore are on 
tbe dump. 

O K.— Owned by Robt. Greer and Barrett. Situated 
near tin Bismarck Assessment work is being performed. 
Ledge '2 ft wide. Ore assaying $100. 

Dkaqon, No. 1.— Work has been resumed on thiB mine 
On the northern side a tunnel has haen run in 20 ft. On 
the southern aide the shaft is down 20 ft. Tho paving 
streak is 10 inches wide, and the ore assays as high as 
$1,000 per ton. 


Ckntbnsial Mine.— Shasta Courier, Jan. i'n One of the 
promising mines of western Shasta is the Centennial, 
owned by Russell St To. It ij located at thcextreme head 
of Eagle creek, and about live miles from the noted Chi- 
cago mine. The ledge shows a width of G ft on the 
Burface, and 4 ft at a depth of DO It. The ore is prin- 
cipally silver, is almost entirety free from base minerals, 
and very niuuh resembles the best and freest ore of the 
celebrated White Pine district in Nevada The course of 
tbe vein is northeast, and it is found at an altitude of 
3,500 It. There has been 100 tons of ore taken out of 
this ledge, aud tests by numerous assays give an average 
of $175 per ton. The mine is being developed by several 
tuunels, the combined length of which is 425 ft. These 
can be run to a depth of 3,000 ft below the surface crop- 
ping wi bout int.-rference from inflowing water, and 
tbe facilities for dumping tho ore direct from the tunnels 
to a splendid water-power is unsurpassed. 


Savaok Plackr Mink.— Sierra Tribune, Jan. G: On the 
ridge between Forest City and the Savage mine the enow 
is now about 3 ft deep. An eff jrt was made before the 
mine was shut down 10 shovel out a trail, but with very 
little BUccoftB, as tho shovelerB were obliged to weareoow- 
shoes. To get 10 buehets of coal in at the mine cost $14, 
and other supplies in the same proportion. Some of the 
rock that was thrown out by the last blast in tbe face of 
the drift waB rotten granite mixed with elate, and quite 

i,(t Thi-i diift isnow in a dlUance of '"2 ft The drift 
is liable to cut into the second or main channel m< st any 
lime. Jas. M N .UgbtOD, President of the Bald Mountain 
Co, and II. W. Walli*. Superintendent of the Bold 
UountaiD, have examined the Savav*> ground, and say 
that the streak of Uva and grmre] lltt cut througb RU 
merely an ovei How from the main channel. The com- 
pany is oonfl lent thai when the ru«ln i- limine I Is reached 
l..1 will be found. Kvi'iy thing at i. 
| in good shape until work is resumed in the 


liutr Unit— Tuolumne faaVlffefldenf, Jan. 0: Dr. 
Pbo ISBUpei i ii tending »nd lOOpei i >g the Em- 

mvel ui-;.', in T«hie Mount* in, on Mormon 
creek, has supplied new track, put the tunnel up Bl bee], 
mid huLg new tin ai-.pipo to the extreme end, Bl the 

g.avel channil. Two gangs of men are bun:: m 

| tip B&d down tho channel from the tunin.1 

il gtttfl i" i hi- pan, and says ll.e chances for a 

"boom" are dftidedly favorable. FlOU the "perfectly 

marv. Imu ' amount the* channel hu* paid in dlffcienl 

Dgthellne In ewly days, we have no doubt 
that thle virgin groaud will surprise the- owners and be 
lying Mke mining properties iu other 



in-. 6th: The joint Mexican 
winze is now a few ft below the 3100 level. There has re- 
Oentb been a change of formation. The ground isnow 
so soft that much better progress can bo made in sink 
ing A snmp 'd B'lflhjlent depth DSD bfl made in S or iO 
das a if the ground continues as at presen'. The material 
i torn shows nume o is small feeders of M ii;ui.', 
and Is quite favorable for tbe finding of ore, assays show- 
log ii to he fertile and met a I -bearing. 

Miur oak The j ilnt ITnlcn Consolidated eist eross ut 

. n the _ ■ le?el is passlog Into more favorable ground it bos heretofore, iiuu 'juarii; feeders and st lingers 
olng to appear in the face. A station la being 
cut out for a Joint Onhir winze at. the 2000 level. F .r 
work in the j >int Ophir wii /j, aow down below the 3100 
level, nee report on Ophlr. 

L'mon fox.— The joint Mex'ojm east drift on the 2900 
.uing Into ground which shows feeders and 
■trlogers ol quar b On the 2000 level are also cui-tine 
down the grade in the mala d.ilt. The 6tation from 
which starts joint Sierra Nevada taU orift 011 the 2000 
level m bl Ing subsbintially timbered. All other work is 
progressing us u«.uul. 

iMu.s siiApr. — Next Monday tbe woik of taking out 
the p esent pumps and putting in those of larger Blue will 
be commenced, The present pump column will be al- 
lowed to r.-main, as it will carry all the water that can be 
raised by the lar^e pumps. Thus will the pumping ca- 
pacity at the Bhaft ho greatly increased at small expense. 
I oxs' LlDATBD Vim.iN'A — ihe face of the s mtheast drift 
on the 2700 level i* ahuwing promlaing feeders of quart z. 
Thowotkof overhauling the machinery is about 10^- 
pleted, and the lirtt of next, week all the miners of ihe 
north end mines will pasB dawn that way, pending the 
changing cf the pumps at the Union shaft. 

California — Good progress ia making in the joint 
Consolidated Virginia to Jtbeost dri.t on the 2700 level. 
The f .ce is in material containing many feeders of quartz. 
A drift is being run into the coin, a iy's ground on the 
2000 level. This is an extension ui the drift whith was 
run south across ihi Ophir. 

Hals AMD NoftCKOse.— The joint Savage north latenl 
drift, 011 the 2000 level ia being advanced as >aj i hy as 
post ible toward the Savage south line. The face is in 
vein material showing a considerable amount of quartz. 
Thus far not much water haa been encountered. 

Sikrra Nevada.- The east croiscut on the 2700 level is 
being puRhed ahead as rapidly as posnb'e and is goiog to- 
wa-d int:reBting ground. The joint Union Com oli dated 
s'atiou on the 2000 level, from which starts the joint east 
crosscut, iB bting permanently timbered. 

Ciioilar. — The south drift 13 passing through vein ma 
terial containing numerous seams of quartz, but of the 
kind that carries little or no metal. The drift is passing 
into a section where it is necessary to guard well against 

Gould and Curry, — The west crosscut is b iug ad- 
vanced at tho u-uit! speed. The diamond drill was sent 
ahead last week to guard against water. Tho crosscut is 
goi'ig into a promising country lying out west in front of 
the foot wall. 

Savage. — The joint Hale and NorcrosB north drift, on 
the 2000 level is iu Boft grouid of a favorable appearance. 
Some water ia encountered, but not suti.ient to inter- 
fere with the operations of the workmen. 

Ankbb. — Tho north drift from the winze is in very fa- 
voraole mateiiil, aud the eaat crosscut from the south 
d ift id cutting quartz of a favoralU character. 

Yellow Jacket. — Are taking out about ou tons of good 
milling ore pe day from the old upper levels. The mine 
ia now making regular bhipmeuts of bjllion. 


Day Mink. — Pioche Record, January 2d: In tho Day 
work i* being steadily urged ahead and a full force ia em- 
ployed. Tbe SliO level hag been reached, a station cut out 
and a drilt started in the direction of the ore chamber, 
and work of sinking to tbe 000 level is now going on. 
The m chinery has been overhauled and the little en- 
gine is doing good work, it not being necessary to uje any 
windlasses in attaining this depth. This property grows 
more valuable as work progresses. 


New Mij.l Startkd.— Eameralda Herald, Jan. 6th: The 
moat important event that occuireo. in this vicinity New 
Year's day was tho starting up of tho new .. t Gregory 
flat. Everything started off as smoutbly and nicely as cuulu 
have been wished for, and ami at the not e of ihe falling 
stamps the popping of chimpigne corks ct u'd l.e Lear J, tnrl 
meriy-makiug aud rtjoidng helufuli away tor an huur or 
so, when all returned to their respective abodeB, fully satis- 
fied with the stinting up of tae new mill, and wishes for it 
a long and successful run. Kcjoice and be glad, for a 
brighter day has at 1-nst dawned upon thin benighted peoplr, 
ami Aur ra's siar is oneu more in the ascendency. A por- 
tion of the builidng of the Silver Hi 1 mill at Bodle was used, 
and the balance of the luu.ber was hauled from Hawtherne. 
The botUr, engine and pans cf the tiilver Hill mill wt re also 
used, while the reBt of tbe machinery waB obtained in San 
Kmihi 0.1. The main building is 4S ft wiele by 80 it in 
1. ii--. li; battery-house and ore-house 3ix43. Tho foundation 
of the engi e U made of cut granite, and is 11 ft li ng by 32 
ft deep aud 9 ft wide. Ten stamps, 4 pans, 2 sett era and 1 
agitator are now in use, Riving a capacity of about 20 tons 
daily run. Mr. Baiton put up tbe macuinery aod George 
Allhright had charge of the builtliog, They did their work 
well aud satisfactorily. 

CONC£E.NINO THE COKTEZ.— Supt, Mcintosh now has a 
force of 40 miners at woik stuping out ore and prospecting. 
All of the stopeB are looking well, and yielding about the 
same quantity and QU "lily ( f ore as usual. The inside work- 
ings of the mine are now s ) arranged that no \v,i .- 1 .- has t > be 
tanen out, it all being stowed away. During the past month 
an ore-bouse ha3 beeu erected at tbe mine, iuto which the 
ore is run on a ear, Mr. Mcintosh now has everything in 
and about the mne iu tine working order, and is deserving 
of great credit for the economical and systematical manner 
iu which ho controls the proieity. Through hiivim aid 
energy t lie Cortex now bids lair to soon become a bullion 
producer of no small pretensions. 


NBW Shaft.— Pioche Record, January 2d: A lanre 
double-compartment shaft is beicg BUuk on the Cotton- 
tail mine in Jackrabbit Diai-rict, there being two shifts 
employed in the work. Lynch has commenced woiking 
this property in earnest, a thing which should have been 
done long ago. 


Bullion" Mink.— Virginia Enterprise, Jan. 0th: J. V 
McCurdy who has been superintendent of the Bullion 
mine and mill, Paradise, foi some months past, arrived 
in this city, where h is family rtBides, day before yester- 
day. Mr. McCurdy thinks well of the Paradise mineB, 

and will probably return atrain U» Humbolt The Bul- 
1.3 been (hut down for the \ resent, owintr to 
the bod condition of the roods, but there arc several huu- 
lof ore at the mill, and tailings BUfflaiont lo run 
it for some time Mr McCurdy *ays that Id no instance, 
thU9 Car, boa anj vein in that 1 mud its 

owDsra when the\ h*vc < xpended o io and labor in auffl- 
Cient aud intelligent pTOnweUDK ODOntlonr. 

Tut Livi Vankbi*.-- S\ , lanuarj Itta Kiel. 

Prayer is in tuwn from the Paradise mines. He say a they 
have Btrurk the ledge in the Live Yankee tunn I at a 
deptb 1 t 926 ft. 'I be rein 1- large, but the ^renter par; oi 
the Ore is of a low grade, avet aging about -i" lo tho ton. 
There is a amall btreak <f the ore which assa' 

. .uid the Indications arc that it will in- 
crease in sine as the vela Is opened, sir. Ki ever deserve! 

success, and we sii.curely hope he will attain It, 


piffio. January 4th: North drift, 
west vein, £60 level, eMuuded 24 ft. Formation con- 
linues favor.. lie for making rapid progress. 

llftmpBKOKM ' -Drift south on the 400 level has been 
iial length, -il fl. West croiscut ad- 
vanced 7 ft No. 1 Bhaft has been completed to the 
depth of 200 ft. 

North hkllb.Iblb.— Since his: report no work has 
been done in the shaft. Repairs on the machini ry arc 
about completed, also tho work on the bpiler. Binking 
of the ehaft will be reBUined in a few da\a, which will he 
continued to the deptb ol -iuo ft . 

Elko Con.— During the post week the main drift at 
a'-ia't of No. 1 has hi en extended a distance ol - ft. The 
format iou continues haid. The h dge continues lo widen 
and tho ore improves in quality, Arrangements for sink- 
ing a new perpendicular Bhuft will soon be completed 
and better resullB obtained. 

Nava.'O.— South drift, cast lateral vein, 350 level, baa 
been extended 1"> ft. It shows a large w idlh of vein mat- 
ter and small seams of rich ore. Crosscut on tho 45U 
level has been extended 13 ft. Stupes u re lookiug well. 
Bullion shipment of $10,100. OS was made on regular ship- 
ping day, and ft r the month t tiding Dec. 81, |0fl,lfe4 B3, 

t'RAND PlllZR AND ABOKNTA. — East <J1 Ift Oil 700 level 

pxtended 21 ft; tola', 201 tt; west drift, 17 ft; total, 62 ft. 
Noith crosscut from cibt diift, 15 ft; total, 35 't; Argenta 
winzi ft, total 72 ft in depth. Joint ninz , i7 ft, total 
123 ft, folio ff iug the inclination of the ledge. No change 
of importance in any part of mine, except an improve- 
ment in j >int winze. Have taken out one of the steam 
pumps, and will have the plunger pump in and running 
all right by the lost of the week, which will save a large 
amount of fuel and Beveral men's wages. 

Bullion. — Belmont Courier, Jan. 0th: Tho Tyho mil 
is still running on ore from the 2 G mine. Considerable 
bullion was shipped during the pust ) ear from that camp. 


Livkly.— Pioche Record, January 21: Ward is getting 
to be quite a lively place, and there are a good number of 
people there and the vacant huildiugs arc rapidly being 
inhabited. Woik of placing the mill in order is going 
on, but Mr, Puujade sayB it will not be in readiness to 
start up foreeveral weeks yet. 


Bishek,— Cor. Epitaph, Jan. 4: Tho history of the past 
fear shows a great aeal of material improvement , a ^n .it deal 
accomplished fact that was a year ago problematical, aud a 
confidence in the fu'ure, if ever in any degree impaired, re- 
stored and great y augmented. The Copper Queen, then a 
giddy young thing that people feared hari no elepth to her, 
has Rettled down to business, been a re'gulsr p.oducer ever 
since, and demon&tiated her right to the supremacy she hss 
wo u. This mine i3 probably tbe best dividend-paying prop- 
trtyin the Teiritory lo-day, with every prebibility of con- 
tinuing to be so lor years to come. She may not pay such 
large dividends as some, but that is only because a greater 
force and facilities are not employed. The Queeu could pro- 
duce from her present development a prodigious amount of 
copper per month if her owners chone. But they are well 
uati.fied with tbe present excellent, judicious and economi- 
cal management of their property. The Silver Bear, about 
a mile and a half south of the Queen, is also a fine mine. For 
several months she has been producing rich ore. It is said 
that all the expenses of working the miue have been paid 
from the ore extracted, and this ore had to be hauled a dis- 
tance of 50 mile3 for reduction. It is understood the par- 
ties intend erecting a mi 1 very soon. The Mammoth, a cop- 
per mine, and the Hendricks, a silver mine, both the pat- 
ented property of the Cot bin Br03 , are now in course of de- 
velopment, and so far are both In bonanza. The Hendricks 
corners on the l^ueeu, and has long been considered the next 
best, although until now lying undeveloped. Besides these 
the Blackjack, theHolbrook, Cave, U^clc Sam, Delia Mack, 
White Tailed Deer, and a score of others show enough in 
prospects to encourage the belief that Bisbee will one day be 
the greatest mining camp in Arizona. Our population has 
not greaily increased, but there are indications that those 
who are here have come to stay. The tents have given way 
to commodious houses anel cabins. 

Washington.— Pinal Drill, Jan. 2: The shaft of this 
mine ia about 1 700 ft. due north of the Silver Kicg mine, 
and is down 45 ft. on a ledge dipping 45° towards the Silver 
K ng mine, on pay ore all the way down from the grass 
roo'a, very much resemblirg the Silver Kingore a3 that was 
on or near the surface. The ledge is traceable along the 
surface the entire length of the claim, which runs northeast 
and southwest, and over on to tbe adj ining claim on both 
sides. The vein is narrow, averaging about 4 inches, but 
very rich. WageB and expenses can be taken out in sinking. 
The character of the ore is bromide, chloride and ga'ena 

The Tueodoue, Tho as essment work on this mine has 
just been completed. It is about a mile north o f the Silver 
King mine, on ihe tr U leading to the Mount View, and is 
situated between the Hke aud the Josephine. The shaft is 
down 40ft. between fine, smooth walls, which are G ft. apart 
Some fine ouartz and promising ledge matter were taBen 
from the mine. There is a splendid prospect for a big mine 
on this claim, as several veins crura it, which it is the inten- 
tion of the owners to croiscut when they shall hive attained 
sufficient depth in the peiptndicular shaft which they are 
now sinking. 

Owl Head District. -The Jesse Benton mill is running 
on ore from the Desert mine, ledge 5 ft. wide, paying large 
margin of profit over and above expenses. W. H. Alerrit is 
working mine and mill with economy and good judgement. 
They are getting very rich ore iu tbe JesBe Bente n, but it Is 
rebellious, and they let it lie tiil they can adopt a better 
proceBS f or working it. Mr, Menit is woiking the Chief 
mine tinkiug an incline shaft showing good ore. 


The iNPEPFNDEse'E.— Colorado Miner, Jan, 6: J. P. 
Williams, of Denver, largely inte rented in ihe tniuii g c aims 
here and arouod Decatur, came up from Denver last Friday 


^ ' I' i '■ ' i -i '■■■. Idaho '■■ il J .;: . -,. Our 

people cannot ML when the enowr.Jl ceuirncucc*, when it 
wui end, opd consequently when we be if i\ 

11 * ll ■ ""-eariy part of October, all the teams that 

lultogore, wood and lime to our smelters 

I, and left-making it neoauarj to close 

heweather became warm 

and bU remained to ever since. Now you can compare the 

foLowlna Rgu i , which oo« the work of tbe Ketcbum 

smelter roi with the time lost since II dosed 

and ran oanaea hon much weare loser, Here are the inures. 

which fere official; lha Philadelphia Co., at Ketchuin 

"i" ' ''■ ■' i re, in bona lurnece, about 3 months during tho 

a, and ii] that time put 4, 2. r >9, 350 ibsof ore 

Wblehllaldel I ,"'■ . , i'.,„| haJ .,,.,1 ii,r,;7,i 1V s of e ilver' 
Of this amount. 1,499,013 j [eld of 510.105 \bs of 

lend and 47,L".'S ,,/,-i ,,i mI'-lt, "ere mines operated to 

this company. Thej purchased outside one to the amount 
ill lead and H8,t81 

' ■ ■ ■ "i silver. Thuflyou mil ■-. e that had the teams remained 
a'.dt.|jcw t ,rk gone 011 without Intenuptiou. tor t lie 'A months, 

we would hare had an .1 Idltlonal output of at k-u B i 

and one-hall ol which w u nid have been expended here for 

!■ 11 bdre and labor, it can he readily teen what a dlffei 

once Una would have made iu the circulating medium of thiB 
country An. I thin in only one of the niuuy interest* which 
have Buffered hy that storm. It In safe to say that $1,000,- 
00J would not more than make this eoiiuttv even on the 
damage Boataloed. JJut we are doing tho very beat we can 
under the circumstances, It will not do for a miuing com- 
tnuoltyto let go. and "cry over BplUpd milk" Evoryouo 
Beema to be doing the very bejt he can to amend the mis- 
fortuxe. Uloesare being opened, ore taken out aud piled 
on the dump; assessment work in being done, aud prepara- 
1 pD made for the spring. All seem to be of the opinion that 
tbe Hummer of l?8i will be one of great prosperity in this 
ci untiy. 


Etibe in TAB Sno.NUAK. — fiiter-Sfountain, Jan. 5th: 
Durinx the past few days Joseph Li Calf, Judge Warren, 
Judge Barrett and other owners In the Shonbar, have 
beep highly elated over developmcntain that riBing prop 
erty. At a depth of So ft a drift was Btarted east on what 
was supposed to be the main ledge, which it followed for 
a diBtance of 125 ft. At this point ote of an entirely differ- 
ent character was ttruck in a vein trending northward, 
and of which what iB thought the old ledge is merely a 
spur. The ledge it yet unknown in width, but tho ore 
body meotures3! ft wide and samples 107 ozs in silver 
and 2 ozs in gold, giving the ore a total valuation of 8150. 
A 3A ft body of JlfiO is a big bonanza In any country. 
LaCalf 13 iju'tu certain that he has all alorg In en working 
merely a Bpur and that the vein just discovered in the 
185-'t east drift will develop into a veritable bonanza. 

A New Bonanza— Helena Independent , Jan. tfth: Sev- 
eral weekB ago Dr. F. Remington, o* Lmcolo, Deer Lodge 
county, gave Mr. C. E. Kemp two aamplos of ore to be as- 
sayed. The orea asBajod in gold and silver about|l,720, 
and $1,330 per ton. From a letter received yesterday by 
Mr. Kemp from Dr. Kemiugton, in telation to the mine 
from whicb the Bampleswere taken, we make the fol- 
lowing extract: "Ihe mine from which sample No. 1 
wae taken, is loacated in tbe mountains, and I cannot 
possibly get any more ore for a larger test sample until 
spring. I had some more ore, but it was loot when our 
house burned down." 


Tkleorapi! DibTRier.— Silver City Enterprise: The 
people of the Telegrat h district are talking of building a 
road from their cimp to liichl's ranch, on the LorcUburg 
road. Almost every miner in tho district baa agreed to 
do a certcin amount of work on the road or to have some 
one to do it in hiB pace, and the Lordaburg merchants 
are ta'king of subscribing money to aid them in the en- 
terprise. This step ia being taken because there is no 
road leading there at tbe present, and goods taken there 
from Silver City or ores shipped from there to thia city 
bavo to bo packed on burros for auout two miles. Lords- 
burg is at present tho nearest point on a railroad to Dor- 
sey's C3mp, but when the Silver City, Doming and Pacific 
Railroad is completed, this station will be at least 20 
milea nearer. The district is an exceedingly rich one, 
and the population will probably increase rapidly. 


NOTES, Jacksonville Timen, Jan 6: Borryman & Hansen, 
of Applegate. continue drifting to good advantage, iu spite 
of the cold weather. .... .S. A. Burough, of S'ate Creek, 

showed us some line specimens of iron ore found iu that sec- 
tion by him D. W. Anelerson & Sons are sinking a shaft 

in J. A. Card well's orchard, preparatory to commencing - 

mining operations there Josephine county promises to 

rank very high as a mining section soon, as her copper and 

iron mines are atttractipg a great deal of attention. 

Tbe weather is more favorable for mineia at this writing, 
as the cold spell seems to be broken, and some snow and 

rain have fallen in the pa>t day The cold Bnap has put 

a atop to mining operations, but'it is not liable to last long. 
More rain is needed to facilitate business in this line, how- 
ever R. W. Derickaon came over from Horsehead, 

Jispphine county, tl > i week, and reports that considerable 

gocd ore is being taken out r'ght along The miners of 

Josephine couaty have been favored with much more rain 
than these here; besides, the wealh^r has not been ho col*! 

there, and many are busily at work already Geo, Robs, 

who was up from Rlackwell tbia week, infoims us that 
Welch & Co 'a mill has been put in excellent running order, 
and will soon be crushirg sevetal tons of ore daily. Judge 
Han n a has been in Joseptine couu'y locating iron mines for 
himself and others. He returned Thursday, accrmpanied 
hy Sam Bmvden, bringing some fine specimens of ore with 
him Geo. Simmons' mammoth ditch has beeu com- 
pleted, but as Illinois river ia too high for effective rluming 
at this season, operations will be suspended for the present. 
Mr. S. expec.s to have this mine in full blast next winter. 


Notbp. -Salt Lake Tribune, Jan. 7th: Yesterday the 
Sampson mine at Park City Bti nek in the Van Praag incline 
a solid body of rich ore over 2 ft wide, assaying way up. 
The Rampion is located southeast from the Crescent 

group The Utah Ceutral carried 10.219,310 lbs of salt to 

Ogden during the year 1892 for shipment to Paik City, 

Culoardo, Montana, etc Hiring 1882 there was received 

at Ogden by the Utah Central from tbe south: 1,969,707 Um 
ore. 50,482,033 ll.s base bullion, 7.140,2fti lbs lead and 881. 029 
lbs copi-er matte There is much activity among min- 
ing men, in the formation of new c< rporatious and sale of 
property, Numerous valuable claims in Utah and Idaho are 
now being negotiated for, end we expect to see a big boom 

in mining matters soon The Germania lead works will 

begin the manufacture of white lead within a few days, the 

■e and arouod Decatur ; came up tnm. Denver mat vv- aj -«- hi and worksl beil]g a , mofit completed Miners 

ht to take charge of the IndependenoB 'mine on ^oClel- ma f° * t f y encoura g e d over the mining outlook in X'tsh. 

Ian mountain. It is to open up this property. 
which ahciidy has made a fine record for producing lerge 
supplies of good otf, in thorough, systematic manner. Mr. 
Wildams is a miner of long and varied experience, having 
been engaged in tbe business for 28 years in Australia, New 
Zealand and America. . 

OVER TBE R ^NeiE.— Mr. Joseph A. Love returned from a 
trip over the ringe on Tuesday last, wheiehe has been do- 
ing Chaffee work on some of his mining property, and says 
of that section and tbe roads: There has never been so bttle 
snow on the range at this time of the year as at present. 
From the Horse Shoo to Montezuma the snow will not aver- 
age a foot In depth. Tbe weather is quite pleasant, and 
out-Uoor work has been pursued all wmter. A few people 
are wmteiingiu the Snake liiver valley, who are working 
the mineP. The Horse Shoe Mining Co. are employing a 
number oi men, in also are thaowneis of the Captain Jack. 
Large (piautities'oi ore are being taken from the latter. 
Nine men are employed on the Delaware, mostly on devel- 
opment work. They have 150 tonB of first-class ore, aod sev- 
eral hundred tons of concentrating ore. Tlu new mill at 
Decatur ia employing 18 mechanics in putting in machinery 
and the company expect to start up work about the 1st of 
April. Al Chihuahua the people who are livmg there are 
contented aud satisfied with their future prospects, At 
Montezuma a large number of men are engaged m working 
the mines, and are shipping about 50 tons of ore per week to 
Leadville. which costs $9 per ton for transportation. The 
South Pirk railroad is running within a mile of Haywood s, 
earry ng freight and passengers, Between 100 and 2U0 men 

The steady incr-aso ; 
new courage. 

the bullion production gives them 

Chrap Ork Pclvbrizkr.— There iB for Bale in thiB city, 
as will be seen by our advertising columns, a second-hand 
Rutherford Pulverizer, which was only used a few times 
and is as good aa new. It will be sold very much below 
C03t, and miners who are in need of Buch an appliance 
for a Bmall mine will do well to make inquiries concern- 
ing it. . 

Idaho and Montana mine owners are pre- 
paring specimens for the Amsterdam Exposi- 

Telegrams announce that the furnace of the 
Pinal Consolidated mine, in Arizona, has again 
been started. 

Coppek .Queen produced 2,107,130 pounds 
,.- copper during the three months ending Novem- 

are working between Haywood's and the forks of the iiuake ^ fl' * valim nf whirh is estimated at 

river The road Is surveyed aud located to Montezuma, and ber 30th, the value Ot WDICQ is eswuiatou ** 
ibis expected that cars will reach that point early next $400,000. 

Mining and Scientific Press.^* 

[January 13, 1883 

The Denver Exposition— No. 22. 

[Editorial Correspondence.] 
West of New Mexico, and occupying an im 
mense region of country extending from the 
western flanka of the Rocky moantaina to the 
eattarn foothills of the southern point of the 
Sierra Nevada, is the Territory of Arizona. It 
embraces the southern rim of the Great Salt 
Lake basin, through which, in the northeastern 
portion of the Territory, the Colorado river has 
cutoutita famous "Big Canyon," plowing its 
way down through the high table-land of that 
region, in many places from three to six thou- 
and feet deep. 

The Physical Features of the Territory 
Are quite unlike any heretofore described in 
these letters. It has no great mountain range 
extending through its Territory or flanking 
either of its bides. It consists of an elevated 
plateau, gradually sloping in a southwesterly di- 
rection from an altitude ot 7,0C0 ft, in its north- 
eastern corner to that of only 100 ft. at Yuma, 
near the mouth of the Colorado, in the south- 
western cdrner of the Territory. Isolated and 
parallel mountain ranges of inconsiderable alti- 
tude above their basis extend over this plateau 
in a northerly and southerly direction. The 
main ranges through the central portions of the 
Territory are compo8ed of granite, porphyry and 
Blates. The moat important mountain range is 
the San Francisco, which is dominated by a 
great volcanic cone, 12,500 ft. high, in the 
northwestern portion of the Territory, and from 
which mountain apeers of volcanic origin or plu- 
tonic upthrow diverge in various directions. 
Many narrow valleys, and now and then quite 
wide and open plains, occur between theBe moun- 
tain ranges. Here valleys are, many of them, 
rich and well watered and covered with an 
abundance of numerous grasses, and some of 
them highly cultivated. 

Its Early History. 
Hundreds of years ago, even before the Pil- 
grims landed at Plymouth, the early Spanish ad- 
ventuiers pushed their way into this region and 
found these valleyB and plains the happy home 
of a quiet, industrious and semi civil zad people 
who tilled the soil, and to some extent worked 
the mines for gold, silver and copper. The 
Spanish thirst for conquett and gold destroyed 
those homes and scattered those people until 
merely a degenerated remnant was left. After 
a Rip Van Winkle sleep of some two centuries, 
the inhabitant* of this region have again been 
disturbed by the appearance among them of a 
new but more progressive and utilitarian people, 
bringing with them the same old thirst for gold 
indeed, but with it, instead of the weapons of 
war and pillage, they bear the implements of 
peace, at least to all who aeek and love peace 
and progress. The industrious Pima ia pro- 
tected in his rights of person and property, 
while the Ishmaelitist Apache, whose hand has 
ever been against every other man's hand, is 
' justly hunted down without mercy. 

The very name of "Arizona" has, perhaps by 
association, become suggestive of golden nug- 
gete, streams yellow with golden sands and 
mountains rich in precious minerals. The ori- 
gin of the name and its signification are 
somewhat doubtful. Some say the word 
dignities "The blessed Sun," from two 
Indian worda, which, in the Mohave dialect, 
are ara — blessed, and Zuna — sun. Others de- 
rive the name from two Pima woids — air, a 
maiden, and zon, a valley, in reference to a tra- 
ditionary maiden queen who once ruled over all 
the brancheB of the Pima race. 

Arizona was set off from New Mexico in 1S63, 
and the name first adopted was "Pimieria," 
which wag soon dropped for the more euphone- 
ous and appropriate one which it now bears, 
and which was originally and still continuea to 
be borne by a mountain near the eouthern line 
of the Territory. The history of this region has 
been a series of fierc; strugglos with the savage 
Apache. The intrepidity, daring and self-sac- 
rifice of the early Territorial pioneers, who won 
this rich domain, foot by foot, from the savage 
race which dominated it at the time of their 
coming, is yet to be written, and when pre- 
sented to the world will form one of the blood- 
iest pages in the whole hiBtory of American 
frontier life. 

The earliest mention of this region in history 
ia connected with storieB of the unbounded 
wealth which it was even then supposed to con- 
tain. Probably the firBt Europeans who ever 
set foot within the present limits of Arizona 
were the four men whom the Spanish navigator, 
Narvaez, left on the then unexplored coast of 
Florida in 1538, These men sought, by an over- 
land jnurney across the continent, to join their 
fellow countrymen, who were established at 
Culiacan, in Sinaloa, Mexico. This remarkable 
journey was safely accomplished, their wonderful 
adventures told, and the riches of the country, 
and eapecially of the "seven cities of Cibola," 
portrayed in such glowing colors that an expedi- 
tion was immediately sent out to visit them in 
force. This expedition was not unlike that of 
the ancient Argonauts who went in search of 
the "Golden Fleece." If the leader, Coronado, 
failed to bring back the rich treasure of which 
he went in Bearch, he at least discovered and 
made known to hia countrymen a land abound- 
ing in the precious metals, from which they 
afterwards reaped unt Id wealth. . The old 
shafts and tunnels which have been discovered 
in various parts of the Territory give ample 

proof that the early SpaniBh adventurers had 
fully proven the richness of its mines, and had, 
in their crude way, worked them largely and 
Bucceasfolly. The same evidence exists that a 
still earlier race of minora once delved for the 
precious metala in thia region; but neither 
Toltic nor Spaniard were able to fully appreci- 
ate the riches and bleBsings of this wonderful 
land, which, almost in their entirety, remained 
hidden in the mountain fastnesses, until, in the 
progress of events, they are now being brought 
to light and usefulness by a race which can fully 
appreciate their value, and which is developing 
and dispensing them, not for personal, kiDgly 
or priestly hoarding, but for the general good of 
humanity and the world, and for the building 
up of another great, prosperous and powerful 
State in the American Union of States. Arizona 
is indeed 

A Land of Marvels 

For either the prospector, the acieitistor the 
sight-seeker. Nowhere on the globe, unless we 
except the Black Hills of Dakota, hereinbe- 
fore described, can the operations of nature in 
building up the earth's cruBt be more clearly 
traced and described. While the upthrust of 
the Black Hills has laid open for our inspection 
and Etady the book of nature almoBt to it3 bot- 
';om page, here the stupendous gorgeB and deep 
and murky canyona of the Colorado have been 
so excavated, and to such a depth, that the 
geologist and mineralogist has only to 
enter and read upon the broad and mas- 
sive leaves of nature the records of countless 
ages which have been impressed upon them in a 
language and with Bigns which no man need 
misinterpret or fail to understand. 

The Territory of Arizona is one vast mineral 
field. In no other State or Territory is there 
such a universal and exteneive distribution of 
all the minerals which enter into the commer- 
cial operations of the world. Every county in 
the Territory, aave posBibly one — Apache — a 
name significant of utter worthlesaness and ab- 
horrence — whether the fact is due to the 
name, to the feared presence of the savage 
whose name it bears, or to its own rough and 
rugged topography, we know not, but we are 
credibly informed that less prospecting haa been 
done in Apache than in any other county in the 
Territory, and that, too, notwithstanding its 
indications of mineral value are by no means 
unpromising. Nature seems to have been eape- 
cially lavish here in scattering her treasures, 
and has neglected no portion of thia wonderful 
land, or favored one part above another. 

No portion of the Pocky mountains or Pacific 
mining regions have yielded any greater vari- 
ety or richer ores. Arizona has produced the 
largest nugget of native silver ever found upon 
any portion of the globe — a maaB of pure aiver 
weighing 2.700 pounds, which was confiscated 
by Philip V. of Spain and taken to Madrid. 
This act was soon followed by the absolute 
confiscation of the mine itself. It is not 
uncommon to find silver ores in Arizona which 
run up to thousands of dollars. 

Arizona's Display of Ores at Denver, 

When in the fall of 1877 Mr. A. E. Sheif- 
felen, the discoverer of thia district, mide fre- 
quent trips from Camp Huachua alone into 
thia neighborhood he was repeatedly told that 
if he continued his prospecting there he would 
find a tombstone instead of amine of wealth; but 
he still persisted in his hazardous wanderings, 
and when, in time, he succeeded in rinding 
what he sought, he perpetrated the grim joke 
of his friends by insisting that both the district 
and town should be named "Tombatone." The 
wonderful riehneBs and extent cf the district 
soon spread far and wide and attracted tbithsr 
a large population, so that within three years 
from the discovery the town numbered fully 
7.000 Bonis, and the district is one of the richest 
and moat prosperous on all the Pacific slope. 
The mineral belt of Tombstone embraces a re- 
gion of about eight miles east and west by five 
noith and south. The geological formation is 
porphyry, capped at most of the leading mining 
camps with lime. The ores of the district are 
rich and easily worked. 

The present output of bullion in the district 
ia about §600,000 per month, from 140 stamps. 
Thia output is continually on the increaae as 
these mines are more fully developed. Thia is 
certainly a good showing for a three-year-old 
camp. Some of the mines have been opened to 
a depth of something over 5C0 feet, at which 
point but very little water 1b found. There are 
over 3,000 locations in the iistriet. The ores 
are mostly free milling ailver ores. 

This district was well represented in the Ex 
position by a large amount and great variety of 
its characteristic ores and rock. The ores 
are so rich that in several of the mines 
nearly one-half of the entire yield is disbursed 
as dividends. The reports of the aggregate 
yield of the Tombstone district almost chal- 
lenge belief. The dividends alone from 54 
mines for 18S1 amounted to §2.290,000. The 
dividends from only 4S mines in 1882, all the 
official reports we have before ua, amounted to 
§2,087,500. It ia aaid that all the mines from 
which the above amount was realized were at 
one time bonded to well-known capitalists of 
thia city for §90,000. 2nd that the bond waa al- 
lowed to lapse. However that may be, the 
mines ara now in the hands of good managers, 
who are working them under a conservative 
system, with good bodies of ore constantly 
opened up in advance; and it is predicted that 
ere five years have nassed Tombatone will have 
developed mines sufficient to more than double 
her present population. We shall refer to other 
localities in our next. W. B. Ewer. 

In richness and variety, had no superior at 
that great show of minerals. The Republican, 
of that city, spoke of it as follower "Consider- 
ing the recent opening of the' Territory, and the 
bonanza mines, Arizona takes a hi^h rank 
among the mineral regions of the West, and 
gives promise of rivaling Colorado in its bul- 
lion production when the country is as exten- 
sively developed. * * It includes as 
large a variety of minerals, and combines the 
useful with the beautiful in a greater degree, 
perhaps, than any other exhibit at the Exposi- 

The exhibit, besides being exceptionally good, 
was scientifically arranged, the different varitty 
of orea from the various minea being carefully 
classified in separate cases, and so placed as to 
permit of ready inspection. There waa no spe- 
cial effort made for mere display. The exhibit 
comprised specimens from over 400 different 
properties, from almost all parts of the Terri- 
tory, whose combined weight was eight tons. 
The most notable special display was probably 
that from the Silver King mine. Some of the 
oxidized copper ores from that and other mines 
were undoubtedly the tit-eat *ver Been. The 
Tombstone district also made a most nctible 
display. But we have no room for special 
notice of the various exhibits. One word, how- 
ever, ia due to Prof. J. A. Church and T. R. 
Sornin, the CommiaBioners representing the 
Territory, and for the industry, intelligence and 
ability displayed by them in the discharge 
of their duties. No men could have acted more 
intelligently or filled their placeB more effi- 
ciently. Their attention ti> visitors was un- 

Cochise County 
Haa perhaps become more famous than any 
other county in the Territory, chiefly from the 
most remarkable development made within the 
paBt two or three yeara in the district. 

Tombstone District. 
The region of country cimprised in this dis- 
trict haa a history quite as dark and gloomy in 
character aa the name which it bears. Thia re- 
gion waB the choBen retreat of the famous Co- 
chise and his bloody band of warriors, and it 
is marked all over with the graves of his white 
victims. The first mining location here was 
the "Old Bronco Mine," known to be rich long 
before "Tombstone" had a name, and from 
which it ia distant about six milea. Within 
the "dark and bloody ground" about this mine it 
is said no Ibbs than sixteen white men have met 
their death at the hand of savage Indiana. 

The Eureka Con. Lava Beds. — Concerning 
these beds the Ruby Hill Mining News pub- 
Iiahea the following: Perhaps the mosS remarka- 
ble place in connection with our mining industry 
is the oldWintzel works, which ia a part of the 
Eureka Cm. mine, and which is commonly 
known as the "lava bedB." A little over three 
yeara ago some miners conceived the idea that 
ore did exist in these old workings. ,Th< 
place had been abandoned by the company for a 
period of over two years. These men, having 
secured permission, commenced operations on 
the tribute system, and were highly successful. 
They were followed by others, until at one 
time there were nearly 30 men working there, 
all of whom made good wagea, while not a few 
made nice little stakes of several thousand dol- 
lars, with which they left the camp for a more 
congenial clime, and are now living on the fruits 
of their labor and luck. At present 24 tribu- 
ters are working at thia place, and we believe 
that §4 per day haa been averaged by these 
men. During the time that this place has been 
worked by tribute nearly a quarter of a million 
of dollars has been extracted from thia once 
abandoned place, and it looks good now. 

How Wood is Hoisted Out of the Carson 
River. — The Lyon County Times gives the fol- 
lowing account of a Nevada invention for hoist- 
ing floating wood out of the water: The Car- 
son wood drive is being rapidly taken out of the 
water. Some distance above the boom wagons 
are at work, and the hoisting machine at the 
boom 1b doing good work. Mr. Cameron in- 
tends, in the course of time, to arrive pretty 
nearly at perfection with his invention. Each 
time the machine cornea here it has improve- 
ments added which give it greater efficiency. 
When firi t made the wood was carried up the 
endless chain and thrown over into a cart, and 
when one cart was full work had to stop until 
another took its place. A movable apron, or 
slide, has been added, which extends to a 
framework across the road, where the first cart 
stands. The apron is hinged on to the frame 
and held up while the cart is being filled, and 
then dropped to receive the wood which Blides 
over it to another cart stationed outside the 
frame. While the outside cart is receiving its 
load another takes its position on the inner 
track, aud at the proper time the apron is lift- 
ed and the wood again falh directly from the 
end of the elevator. In this way a continu- 
ous procession of cord wood moves out 
of the river over the endless chain, and no 
stoppage is required except to repair break- 
ages or oil machinery. It is an excellent con- 
trivance for the purpcee, but is especially val- 
uable in cold weather, as it saves the necessity 
of half a drzen men standing in the water up 
to their waittd for hours while loading wood 
on the wagon. 

How Mtjch Toes Your Cistern Hold?— 
It ia a difficult matter for the aveiage man, 
who does not make mathematics a specialty, 
to compute the capacity of a cistern. For the 
benefit of those who may want to make such 
estimates we give the following by W. H. 
White in the Country Qentkmav: Knowing the 
capacity of a gallon in ft. and inches, it is 
an easy matter to calculate the capacity of any 
sized cistern. A cubic fuot of water is seven 
and one-half gallons. Knowing the cubic ft, 
in any cistern, by multiplying that by 7i, we 
find the capacity in gallonB. The number of 
cubic ft. in any rectangular cistern is found by 
multiplying the length, breadth and hight to- 
gether; the product multiplied by 1\, as above, 
gives the capacity in gallons, Fur a round 
cistern I give the following table aa conveni- 
ent for reference: A cistern 5 ft. in diameter 
contains 19 3-5 cubic ft., or 147 gallons for 
each foot in depth; G ft. across, 2S : {: cubic 
ft., or 212 gallons; 7 ft. across, 38£ cubic 
ft., or 2SS gallons; 8 ft. across, 50J cubic ft., or 
376 gallons; 9 ft. across, 63J cubic ft., or 476 
gallons; 10 ft. across, 7S.V cubic ft, or 5S9 gal- 
lons; 11 ft. across, 95 cubic ft., or 712gaJJon ; 
12 ft. across, 113 cubic ft., or S47 gallouB. 
From this may be easily calculated the diame- 
ter and depth of a ciatern to hold any quantity 
of water desired. 

Bad Management. — The Investigate Com- 
mittee— M. J. McDonald, R. H. Podgera, 
Marcua R. Hall and Coll Deane — of the San 
Francises Stock and Exchange Baard filed a re- 
port, in which it states: Relative to the Ballion 
Mining Company the committee says: "We 
find no work has been done on the mine for 
about 10 months, and it is now in charge of a 
watchman. We consider the management of 
the mine recklessly extravagant and character- 
ized by a total disregard of the rights of stock- 
holders. The Belcher and Crown Point minea 
have produced, in about 20 months, 96,611 tone 
of ore, of the value of which we have no cer- 
tain knowledge, for which the company re- 
ceived §50.25 per ton, and these mines are still 
producing about 5,000 tons per month. We do 
n«t hesitate to say that these two mines are 
managed badly, and with a total disregard of 
the rights of the stockholders. And we fuither 
add that we consider the proxy system one of 
the greatest evi's in the business, thereby en- 
abling people to control minea and run them in 
their own interest who do not own the stock. 

Qdick Drifting.— The Prussians have dis. 
covered that the best way to make rapid ad- 
vance in drifting in mines is to pay each gang of 
men separately for the work done, the gangway 
being measured at the end of each shift. Thia 
involves conaiderable trouble, but results in 
rapid work. At the Annen coal mine, in a 
bed dipping 8° to 10° and 4 ft. thick, a gang- 
way 8 ft. wide was driven 203.5 yarda in 26 
working days, or nearly S yarda a day. The 
work was divided iu four shifts, three miners 
and one trammer in each shift, or 16 men in 
all. These men also laid track and put in the 
few timbers required. The work waa done on 
the system referred to. 

A Good razor paste ia made by mixing fine 
emery intimately with fat and wax until the 
proper consistency is obtained in the paBte, and 
then rub it well into the leather strop. Pre- 
pare the emery by pounding the rather coarse 
material in a mortar, throwing the material into 
a vessel of water and stirring well. Immedi- 
ately after the large particles have sunk pour 
off the supernatent fluid into an evaporating 
diBh and evaporate off the water. Another 
recipe ia : Emery, reduced to an impalpable 
powder, two parts; epermacsti ointment, one 
part; mix together and rub it over the strop. 
Another is : Jewelers' rouge, blacklead and 
suet, equal parts; mix and rub it over the 

Unpleasant Taste From Wooden Ves- 
sels. — It is often found desirable to remove 
the unpleisint taste which is frequently ob- 
servable from new wooden vessels. Thia is of- 
ten a thing diifijult of accomplishment. An 
exchange suggeaca that the simplest plan, and 
one that will succeed ii most cases, ia to scald 
them thoroughly several times with boiling 
water; then dissolve some pearlash or aoda in 
luke-warm water, adding a little lime to it, 
and waBh the inside of vessels well with the 
BoluSioo. Afterwards scald them again thor- 
oughly several times with boiling water as be- 

Secretary Teller has amended the placer 
mining claim circular of Sept. 22d so that it pro- 
vides that no application by an association of 
persons for a patent to a placer claim will be al- 
lowed to embrace more than 160 acres, and not 
less than §500 worth of work must be ahown to 
have been expended thereon. If an individual 
becomes the purchaser and possessor of several 
aeparate claims of 20 acres each or less, he may 
include in his application for a patent any num- 
ber of such claims contingent to each other, 
not exceeding 160 acres. 

Electricity in Belt3. — Some of the larger 
belts in an extensive Western flour mill have 
been provided with wires to receive and con- 
duct away anv surplus electricity that may be 
generated. Where the belt passes through the 
floor a wooden cleat ia nailed across the open- 
ing on the outer side of the floor, an inch or 
two away from the belt, and to the cleat, point- 
ing out toward the belt," are fastened prolonged 
brads, which take the electricity from the belt, 
the latter being conducted away to water mains 
by means of wires connected. 

January 13, I 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

The Tariff on Lead. 


of the 

higher -grade silver ores, which 

be produced after tio reduction 

tariff, making a total loss to the laborer, the 

furnisher of supplies, the mine owner and the 

smelter of this camp of about two million eight 

hundred and forty thousand dollars ($2,840,000) 

per annum. 

This threatened loss is based only on the 
present output of this camp. The concentra- 
tion of ore*, which is just now receiving the 
attention of capitalists, and can be carried en 
successfully with the present tariff, must be 
abandoned in case of a reduction of the tariff. 
There is enough of this ore now on the dumps 
on the various m nes, and known to exist, to 
assure an output of at least 500 tons per day. 
The profit on these concentrates would be 
small and would not exceed a fair per rentage 
on the oapital invested, bet their production 
would add about $2,500 per day, or 5760,000 
per annum, to the amount expended in this 
oamp for labor and supplier. The profit from 
these concentrates is estim\ted at > 
These two sums, added to the sum above 

?;iven as the threatened log \ show an annual 
osB <>f $3 70 ',000 to thie ciinp alonr, which 
would fall on the several classes as follows: 
Laborers, $2,150,000; furni-iherB of supplies, 
<«*); and capitalists $830,000. 
To this extent the immeaiate consequence of 
the proposed reduction of the tariff on this 
camp can bo traced in figures. Same of the re- 
moter consequences, which will prove none the 
less disastrous, though they cannot bo stated in 
figures even-approximately correc^, are the fol- 
The amount of 

K'gb.-3raie Ore3 Produced 

Has been and is steadily diminishing. The 
known bodies of ore that cannot be mined with 
the reduced tariff already exceed in amount and 
value the known bodies of high-grade crj. The 
moBt reliable mines to day are the low-grade 
mine?. Hence, the injury resulting from the 
proposed reduction of the tariff would steadily 

Large bodies of low-grade ores that are now 
penetrated in search for better ores, because the 
ores taken out in prospecting will pay the ex- 
pense of tie prospecting, will be abandoned if 
tho tariff is reduced, whereby the chances of 
finding richer ores will be greatly diminished. 

Of the 00,000 tons of ore above mentioned as 
ore flat would not be mined in case the tariff is 
reduced, 00,000 tons are fioni mines that carry 
no high-grade ores and would have to shut 
down. The value of these mines and of the ex- 
tensive improvements connected therewith 
would be wholly destroyed. The shrinkage of 
value in mioiug property in this camp will ex- 
ceed the sum oi $5,000,000. Smelters will be 
similarly affected. 

A decreased demand for labor will not reduce 
wages. The supeitluous labor will leave the 
camp. A decreased demand for supplies will 
tend to advance their price. Railroad freights 
will advance if the bulk of the freight is dimin- 

The Producer will Suffer by tne Reduction 
The consumer will gain little, because the re- 
duction is not sufficient to materially affdc: re- 
tail prices. The only real gainers will be the 
owners of the Spanish lead mines aud the for- 
eign shippers. 

A reduced tariff will admit foreign lead. The 
foreign producer wonld thereupon ag t ite fui- 
ther reducticna of the tariff, and thereby keep 
the lead market in a state of fever that would 
check, aud eventually destroy, home produc- 
tion. Note the decline of lead produced by the 
present agitation. 

The reduction of the tariff on lead ores by 
one-half cent per pound, or $10 a ton, 
would be even more disastrous than tne proposed 
reduction of the tariff on manufactured and pig 
lead. The abolition of the tariff on lead and 
lead ores wonld be ruinous to the interests of 
this camp. 

The undersigned, though they cannot speak 
in figures for other camps in this State, know 
that the proposed reduction of the tariff on lead 
and lead ores would affect every seotion of thia 
State, more or less, in the same manner.and must 
operate as a material check upon the develop- 
ment of the resources of this State, and a blow 
to the present prosperity of its inhabitants. 
It is believed that no member of the Tariff 
Commission, owing to the limited time allotted 
the Commission for the completion of its la- 
bors, was enabled to come here and examine 
the conditions of our lead industry. 

Wherefore the undersigned, on behalf of 
themselves and of the residents of this camp, 
respectfully, but earnestly, protest against any 
reduction of the present tariff on lead and sil- 
ver ores, pig lead and manufactured lead. 
[Then follow the signatures. — Eds. Press ] 

flow to Judge of Good Grinding. 

Catch your hand full of the meal as it falls 
from the stones, and feel it lightly between 
your tingtrs and thumb, and if it feels smooth 
and will not stick much t > the hand, it shows it 
to be line enough and the stones to be sharp. 
If then he no lumps to bo felt larger than the 
rest, but all of ono fineness, it shows the stones 
to be welt faced, and the furrows to have not 
too much draught, as none has escaped un- 
ground. But if the meal feels very smooth and 
oily and sticks much to the hand, it shows it 
to be too low ground, hard pressed and the 
stones dull. But if it feels pare oily and part 
coarse and lumpy, and will stick much to the 
hand, it shows the stones have too much feed, 
or are dull and badly faced, or have some 
furrows that ha • too much draught, or are too 
deep, or perhaps tio steep at the back edge, as 
part has escaped unground and part too mu h 
pressed anil low. Catch your hand full, and, 
holding the palm up, shut it briskly ; if the great- 
est quantity of the meal fly out and escape be- 
twetn your fingers, it shows it to be in a fine 
[y state, the atones sharp, the bran thin, 
and will bolt well; but the greater the quantity 
that stays in the hand, the more it shows the 
reverse. Catch a haudful of meal in a sieve 
and sift the meal clean out of thebrau; Iheu feel 
it, and if it feels soft and springy or elastic, and 
also feels thin, with but little sticking inside of 
the, and no pieces found much thicker 
than the rest, it will show the stones to be 
sharp and the grinding well done. Bat if is 
broad and stiff, and the inside white, it is a 
sure sign that the stones are dull or overfed. 
If you find some parts that are much thicker 
and harder than the reBt, such as almost half 
or t|uarter grains, it shows that there are some 
furrows that have loo much draught, or are too 
deep or steep at the back edge, else that you are 
grinding with less feed than the depth of the 
furrows and velooity of the stone will bsar. 

• —The best solv- 
ent for caoutchouc is said to be caoutchoucine, 
which is obtained by subjecting rubber to dry 
distillation. O.her woll known solvents are 
chloroform, carbon disulphide, resin oil, coal 
naphtha*-, rectified spirits of turpentine, tar, the 
oils of lavender, sassafras and rosemary, and (petroleum spirit ). Pure oil of turpen- 
tine dissolves 49 , of caoutchouc. A mixture of 
6 to S of absolute alcohol and 100 of carbon 
dibulphide is eaid to be an excellent solvent. 
Sulphuric ether, whioh alone is a poor sol- 
vent, dissolves more readily if abou' 5 { of abso- 
lute alcohol is added. Hot alcohol dissolves out 
about 4 "i J of a soft resin. It is sparingly 
soluble ia not fused oil; readily at a gentle heat 
in melted hog 'a lard, or in very hot whale oil. 
After swelling up in oil of turpentine, or in 
naphtha, it ia soluble in hot linseed oil. 

A Niw Dye. — The young growth of the pop- 
lar tree yields a dye, to which we have before 
referred, which may be extracted as follows: 
The joung twigs and branches are bruiaed and 
boiled for twenty minutaa with a solution of 
alum, 10 pounds of wood requiring 1 pound oi 
alum, in 3 gallons of water. The solution is 
filteied hot and allowed to cool, and, after 
standing some time, iB again filtered from a re- 
sinous deposit. Oa exposure to air and light it 
develops a rich gold color, and may be used di- 
rectly for dyeing orange and yellow shades upon 
all classesa of goods, 

Efflorescence on Brick Walls. 

The Philadelphia Times mentions that the 
white iff] jrescence on brickwork, known fcj the 
ignorant as "saltpeter" has been particularly 
common in that city during the present season, 
several old buildings which had long been free 
from it showing as much incrustation as those 
of very recent construction. A reporter seems 
to have been enterprising enough to question 
Dr. Joseph Lsidy, President of the Academy of 
Natural Sciences, upon the m' j :ct, and repeats 
with remarkable correctness what is certainly 
the true explanation of the phenomenon. Ac- 
cording to Dr. Lsidy, the ifiloreacence is com- 
posed of sulphate of magnesia, which is in most 
cases easily fhown by analysis, and is produced, 
he thii ks, by the action of the sulphurous acid, 
always contained in the air of cities, upon the 
magnesia salts in the mortar with which the 
bricks are laid. There is, we believe, some 
doubt whether the sulphurous and sulphuric 
acid of the atmoFphere alone is euffijient to pro- 
duce the effect. It is always observed that a 
wall, the top of which is exposed to the rain, or 
which receives water into its interior in any 
other way, soon shows a copious < HI jresconce, 
as if the magnesia salt was dissolved in the 
heartof the wall aud brought tothesurfacs by the 
evaporation of the water, so that some imagine 
that the coal used in burning bricks abiut Phil- 
adelphia and other sea coast towns may leave a 
sulphurous deposit within their pores, which 
acts on the lime, or rather on the cement, with 
which they are built. 

In the above Dt. Leidy expresses the correct 
explanation of thia annoyaoce, which we gave 
some time since in the Notes and Queries de- 
partment of this journal. It is ut questionably 
due to the action of sulphuric acid on the mag- 
neaian mortar commonly used in Philadelphia, 
The action of sulphuric acid from coal-burned 
bricks is quite subordinate to the other. 

Boiling Water in a Si&ve. — If we cannot 
carry waier in a sieve, tcience has t)ld us how 
we may boil it in such a vessel. There are nu- 
merous ways in which this curious experiment 
may be performed. One of the simplest is the 
following: If the open mouth of a glass bell-jar, 
of any diameter, from 10 to 20 inches, be closed 
by meaus of a piece of coarse muslin aud 
then depressed into a vtSBel of water, the water 
may be drawn up into the bell j \r by aspiration 
through a tube attached to an orifice at the top. 
On being raised out of the water the jar will be 
found to retain its content?, the muslin meshes 
peforming the functions of capillary tube?. At 
each of the meshes there is a well-marked men- 
iscus. A Sanson burner may now be lighted 
and placsd beneath the water, the temperature 
of which may be raised even to boiling without 
any of its contents escaping through the meshes. 
It will fall, however, if the boiling is too vio- 

Bricks From Slag. — The utilization of Blag 
waBte is fast assuming considerable economical 
importance. The manufacture of bricks from 
granulated blait-furnace slags will soon be be- 
gun in Germany. The Blags are run into water, 
and the grit thus' obtained is mixed up with 
Jime, concrete or plaster of Paris, and formed 
into bricks, which are diied for a month. They 
possess greater solidity than common brick, and 
seem to resist a much greater pressure. 

Paper From a New Source — Anew branch 
of industry has sprung up in Sweden lately — 
the fabrication of paper from moss, not from the 
living plant, but from the bleached and blancle i 
remains of mosses that lived centuries ago, and 
of which enormous masses have accumulated 
in most parts of Sweden. A manufactory of 
paper from this material has begun operations 
near Joenkaeping, and iB turning out paper in 
all degrees of excellence, from tissue to sheets 
three-quarters of an inch in thickness. These 
latter are harder than wood. 

Alum Water for Extinguishing! Fires. — 
M. L. B. DumaB, member of the French Acad- 
emy of Sciences, fcai discovered that water sat- 
urated with alum has Buperior value in extin- 
guishing fires — a value supposed to be due to 
the coating it gives to objects wet with it, which 
prevents contact with the oxygen of the air, 
and thus diminishes the rapidity of the combus- 
tion. Experiments are to be made by supply- 
ing the firemen of Paris with instruments to 
throw it, and the Minister of the Interior has 
recommended that the firemen of the French 
communes or towns be supplied with facilities 
to use such solutions of alum. 

Electric Patents. — There were 100 patentB 
granted in Germany between May and October 
for inventions connected with electricity. Tele- 
phones are being adopted on a scale of increas- 
ing importance in that country, there being 
now — according to the statements made at a re- 
cent meeting of the Berlin Electro-technical So- 
ciety — telephonic arrangements in eighteen 
German cities, comprising 3,788 different sta- 
tions. The total length of the telegraphic lines 
used in the above telephone service is 540 miles, 
these lines comprising single wires 4,017 miles 
in length. 

If Javelle water be put on fruit stains in linen 
or other fabrics, and immediately washed out 
in soap-suds, the stains will be eradicated If 
Javelle water ia not at hand use chloride of lime, 
four ounces to a quart of water; shake and al- 
low to settle, then apply to the spots, rinse in 
clean water thoroughly before applying soap. 
This precaution must be observed, or the fabric 
will be left harsh and stiff. Aoy drug store* 
can supply you. 

Good Ink. Eraser. — L ; me water, with a small 
quantity of acitic acid, makes a good ink eraser. 
It should be carefully secured from exposure to 
retain its strength. It is uBually kept in a 
bottle closed either with a stopper or a cork or 
bung of beeswax or gutta-percha. But with 
the utmost precaution that can be taken, it will 
still be necessary to make a fresh preparation 
from time to time. 

The Sin o* Fretting.— There is one sin 
which, it seems to me, is everywhere aud by 
everybody, underestimated, and quite too much 
overlooked in valuations of character. It is the 
sin cf fretting. It is aa common as air, as 
speech so common, that unless it rises above its 
usual monotone we do not even observe it. 
Watch any ordinary coming together of peoplt 
and see how many minutes it will be bsfoi 
somebody frets — that ib, makes a more or less 
complaining statement of something or other 
whioh most probably everyone in the room, or 
on the stage, or the car, or the street corner, as 
it may be, knew before, and which moat proba- 
bly nobody can help. Why Bay anything about 
it! It is cold, it ia hot, it ia wet, it is dry; 
somebody has broken an appointment, ill-cooked 
a meal; stupidity or bad faith somewhere baa 
mulled in discomfort. There are always plenty 
of things to fret about. It ia simply astonish- 
ing how much annoyance and discomfoit may 
bo found in the course of every day's living, 
even at the simplest, if one only keeps a sharp 
eve out on that side of thiug?. Even Holy 
Writ says we are born to trouble as sparks tly 
upward. But even to the sparks Hying upward, 
in the blaokeBt of smoke there is a blue (ky 
ab>ve, and the less time they waste on the 
road the Booner they will reach it. Fretting ia 
all time wasted on che road. — Helen Hunt, 

A Live Snake in a Huh am Stomach. — The 
following it am, with Blight alterations, is taken 
from the Oakland Tribune of recent date: The 
reprint is only after a personal interwiew with 
Mr. Wright, who assures us it is strictly cor- 
rect We have known the gentleman for many 
years, and beliove him to be perfectly reliable, 
"Mr, Alfred Wright, a mining expert, who 
resides on Eagle avenne, between Park and 
Everretf, Alameda, and who has, of late, been 
giving bia attention to the raising of fruit treep, 
has been singularly ill for two years past. He 
was troubled with strange movements in his 
stomach, and sttl cted with an inordinate ap- 
petite. He tried various physicians without ob- 
taining relief, most of them pronouncing his 
malady dvBpepsia. He finally went to. treating 
himBel'. Hjcently he has had fears in reference 
to Borne living thing within htm, and abstained 
aa far aa possible from food. He then took 
some herbs, which actually killed whatever it 
wag. Daring the past two weeks he was re- 
lieved of a brown snake three or four feet long. 
A portion of the skin, by actual measurement, 
was fifteen inches in length and one inch in 
diameter. His impression ia that he swallowed 
it while drinking water from a Btream in the 
mountains. This is one of the most remarkable 
cases on record. Mr. Wright is doing well." 

Milk and Oil ia Disease. 

Dr. W. W. Townaend, a well-known physi- 
cian in Philadelphia, in writing to the Scientific 
American on the use of milk aa a diet in dysen- 
tery and typhoid fever, aayE: (1 I am now in 
my 75th year, and have witnessed several epi- 
demics ot dysentery, typhoid, scarlet, and re- 
lapsing fevers, Bmallpox, meaBlea, etc., and have 
uBed milk in every case coming under my care 
for near 40 years, in every stage of the diseasp. 
I will noi; Bay it ia a cure, for I do not believe 
in the Bo-called "cures" and "specifics" Milk 
is the natural food of all mammalians. It not 
only sustains life, but promotes the growth of 
every part of the system. No ether article con- 
tains ail these ingredients. It ia the recupera- 
tive power of nature that performs the cure; aud 
he who studies how to aasist it by sustaining 
the system iB the beBt physician, aud milk is 
one of the best agents that can be used . In dys- 
entery I prefer fresh buttermilk, aud all the pa- 
tient wants ia perfect rest, and discard all irri- 
tating cathartica and purgatives. Mercury in 
any of its preparationa ia poison in dysentery or 
acarlet fever, and the physician who givea them 
will never be succeBBful. If his patient recovers 
it will do despite hia treatment. I will add that 
in smallpox and scarlet fever I annoint the pa- 
tient from head to feet with olive oil, by means 
of a badger brush, and repeat aa often aa it dis- 
appears, thereby allaying the heat, keeping open 
the pores of the skin, producing quietude, pre- 
venting congestion of the capillary circulation, 
and obviating the necessity of anodynes, I 
have practiced the greasiug for 35 years, and 
was sneered at by my medical brethren for it 
and the milk treatment. Now, I believe it ia 
in general use with the best results. 

Respiration Affected by Food.— A very 
oareful examination by Dr. Speck of the chsngt a 
produced in the respiratory process by the use 
of fatty food, of coffee, quinine, alcohol and 
water, and by the inspiration of air respectively 
rich in carbonic acid, poor in oxygen and rich 
in oxygen, ha& led him to the following conclu- 
aione: With an increased proportion of hydro- 
gen in diet, the amount of air inspired and ex- 
pired decreases, and nutriment, such as sugar, 
which contains little hydrogen in comparison 
with their oxygen, involves more exertion of 
the respiratory organs than such aa are rich in 
hydrogen like the fats; the more carbon pre- 
dominatea in the food in proportion to hydro- 
gen, the more air ia exhaled in proportion to 
that inhaled; the more carbon increases in the 
diet in proportion to hydrogen, the more car- 
bonic acid is evolved and the more oxygen ia 
taken up — while the richer the diet in hydrogen 
the leaa oxygen ia required. An atmosphere 
containing live per cent, or six per cent, of car- 
bonic acid could be breathed for some minutes 
without oppression; at 11.51% great exertion 
would be needed to breathe for one minute; at 
7.2 all carbonic acid produced in the body is re- 
tained in the blood. 

Smoking Boys. — A medical man, struck with 
the large number of boya under 15 years of age 
he observed smoking, waa led to inquire in*o 
the effect the habit had upon the general 
health. He took for Mb purpose 38, aged fro.m 
nine to fifteen, and carefully examined them. 
In 27 ho discovered injurious traces of the 
habit; in 22 there were various disorders of the 
circulation and digeation, palpitation of the 
heart, and a more or less taste for strong drink. 
In 12 there were fn quent bleedings of the noBe, 
10 had disturbed sleep, and 12 had slight ulcer- 
ation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, 
which disappeared on ceasing the use of tobacco 
for Borne daye. 

Consumption. — Koch'a discovery of the true 
nature of tubercular consumption has naturally 
raised the hope that some means may be found 
to destroy in the system the organisms produc- 
ing the diaeaBc. Mom?. Da Korab has recently 
deacribed to the Paris Academy of Sciences an 
interesting experiment bearing on the 
subject. Tubercular matter from a guinea 
pig was placed in 10 tubas under favorable 
conditions for development. Into three of the 
tubes helenine was introduced. At the end of 
a week the matter acted upon by the helenino 
had lost its infective power, while that in the 
other tubea still readily produced tubeiculosi:. 

Black corn, it is said, has been raised in Liv- 
ingston county, N. Y. It is described aa being 
as black as an African, aa aweet aa sugar, and 
retains all these attributes when cooked. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 1883 


A. T. DT5WEY. 


DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 

Office, S5B MarM St., N. E. corner Front St. 
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, .Sbnior Editor. 

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Saturday Morning:, Jan. 13, 1883. 


EDITOBIALS— Miners' Association of California; The 
Tariff and Mining; State Mining Bureau; The Blake 
Sinking Pump, 17. Passing Events; Foundry Notes; 
California Quicksilver, 24. Horse Power of Water 
Wheels; Mining- Expositions, 25. Patents and Inven- 
tions; Notices of Receut Patents, 2B. 

ILLUSTRATIONS. — ^Blake's SinkiDg Pump for 
Mines, 17. Horse Power of Water Wheels, 25. 

Expects from the Gas Engine; Length of Rails for Rail- 
ways; A Helping Hand; Waste of Power in Friction; 
Edge Tools, 19. 

SIENTIFIC PROGRESS-— Sunbeams; Curious Fact 
Concerning Boiling Water; Purification of Sulphuric 
Acid by Crystallization; Seeing and Signaling; Scientific 
Suggestions; Science in Japan; Meteoric Hailstones; 
Proposed New Scientific Phrases; Obstacles to the Culti- 
vation of Science; Silicium Instead of Carbon; Cold or 
Hot Gas; Jupiter's Spot, 19. 

MINING STOCK MARKET.— Sales at the San 
Francisco Stock Board, Notices of Assessments, Meet- 
ings and Divideuds, 20. 

N^WS IN BRIEfc — Ou page 20 and other pages. 

MINING SUMMARY from the various counties of 
California, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, 
New Mexico, Oregon and Utah, 20-21. 

Good Grinding; Efflorescence on Brick Walls; Boiling 
Water in a Sieve; Bricks from Slag; Solvents for Caout- 
choug; Paper from a New Source; Alum Water for Ex- 
tinguishing Fires; Electric Patents, 23. 

GOOD HEALTH.— Milk and Oil in Disease; The Sin 
of Fretting; A Live Soake in a Human Stomacb; Respi- 
ration Affected by Food; Smoking Boys; Consump- 
tion, 23. 

CORRESPONDENCE.— Notes from Eureka, Ne- 
vada, 25. 

MISCEi_.LANEOUS.-Gal forma State Geological 
Society, 18. The Tariff on Lead, 18-23. The Denver 
Exposition— No. 22, 22. 

Business Announcements. 

Rock Drills— Edward A. Rix. S. P. 
Engines and Boilers— H. G. Beckett, S. F. 
Hoisting Engines— Edward A. Rix, S. F. 
Dividend Notice— Northern Belle Mill & Mining Co. 
Dividend Notice— Silver King Mining Co. 
Assessment Notice — Gould & Curry Silver Mining Co. 
Mining Engineer-— George Madeira, Santa Cruz, Cal. 
Mechanical Engineer— W. W. Bailey, S. F. 

Passing Events. 

This week the Legislature has convened ut 
the Stats capital. The retiring and incoming 
Governors have sent in their messages, and the 
work of making laws has been commenced. We 
shall during the session keep track of all that 
is of interest to the mining or manufacturing 

The deliberations of Congress on the tariff 
question are being carefully watched by those 
intereated in several branches of the mining in- 
dustry. Some changes are contemplated which 
will be detrimental to those interests. 

From the various States and Territories where 
precious metal mining is carried on, come tid- 
ings which Bhow an increased yield for the paBt 
year. We shall shortly issue our annual min- 
ing review, which will give a summary of the 
year's progress in all quarters. 

A dispatch from Virginia City states that 
the bonanza folks are having abstracts of the 
titles of all the mines, from PotoBi to Belcher, 
made. Five men are at the job, which will 
take nearly a month. This is (supposed in Vir- 
ginia City to mean a movement in the flooded 
mines under one management. 

The Wood River Times reporta hundreds of 
certificates of new locations poured in on the 
-Recorder of that district on the two first days 
cf January, indicating that much jumping of 
claims must have taken place. 

Foundry Notes. 

Most of the foundries of the city are pretty 
busy just now, conBidering the seaBon of the 
year. The main work is mining machinery, 
but a great deal of other work is being done 
also. Perhaps the heaviest piece of work, aside 
from the mining machinery now being made, is 
that of the second dredger for the Panama canal, 
which is now nearing completion at the Golden 
State and Miners' Iron Works. This second 
machine is the same size aB the first one which 
waB made by these works and shipped East. 
The big scow on which the machinery is to be 
placed was launched the other day at Port 
Richmond, Philadelphia. The machinery is all 
to be placed in position and tried somewhere 
there, and then the upper patt will be taken 
down and stowed in the hold, and the scow 
towed to Panama. The new machinery now 
being built here will be shipped East and put 
on another scow, which will then be towed to 
Panama. A third one is to follow, work being 
already commenced on it here. 

There are about 300 tons of iron in the ma- 
chinery of each one of these dredgers. The 
dredge is a bucket one with endless chain. 
There are about 40 buckets, and 16 of these a 
minute discharge into a large pipe at the top of 
the machine, the mud passing through this 
pipe to the bank or levee which the machine is 
to form. Where there is sand a hydraulic noz- 
zle is used to wash the sand out of the buckets 
in case it shows a tendency to stick ; but this is 
not necessary in digging mud. The main driv- 
ing engines are each 100-horBe power, and they 
are made in a most substantial and plain man- 
ner. There are also three other pairB of en- 
gines, of 20-horse power each, for raising and 
lowering the buckets, handling the spud, etc. 
Steam is used for all purposes, and one man can 
control all the mechanism. In fact, only five 
men altogether are necessary to run the ma- 
chine. The scow on which the machinery is 
placed is 100 fett long and 60 feet wide. The 
whole dredge cost about §150,000. The ma- 
chine is on the plan of that which has been do- 
ing such effective work on the the tulo lands of 
this State, under the supervision of General 
Williams. The work accomplished has been 
so remarkable that a great many Eastern peo- 
ple have come here especially to see it work. 
The engineer of the Panama canal was one of 
these, and Col, Totten, U. S. A., also reported 
on it. The first machine bad a Btump-pulliDg 
apparatus, which the others have not. 

In addition to this work this foundry has 
just sent away a 10-stamp mill to Mexico. The 
mill was all made in sections for convenience in 
packing on mule back. All the pans, settlers, 
etc., were made in the same way. A 10 stamp 
silver mill has been made for Silver district, 
Arizona, juBt above Castle Dome. Pane, set- 
tles, rock breaker and the usual things go with 
this mill. 

They are also making a Wheeler rock breaker 
for Globe district, Arizona, and doing consider- 
able bridge work for Mexico. They are making 
a good deal of iron work for Carter Bros., of 
Newark, Alameda county, who are doing an 
immense business in building cars for narrow 
gauge railroads. The foundry has just sent; off 
a lot of hydraulic elevators for Portland, Ore- 
gon. They are making quite a number of Mil- 
liken's hydraulic ram elevators, which are tak- 
ing first rate. A great many of this style of 
elevators are being introduced, as they are 
seen to be perfectly Bafe from accident, and are 
durable and strong. In many new buildings 
this form of elevator is taking precedence. It 
has been put in most of the new large buildings 
recently put up, as Phelan'a block, Fair's build- 
ing, and at Huntington, Hopkins & Co.'s and 
many other places. 

The Golden State and Min- ra are building 
two rock crushers or pulveriz jrs of E. Cha- 
quette's patent. There are a few of these ma- 
chines running here, and one of these being 
built Is for a man who has been using one for 
some time. 

Machinery at the Denver Exposition. — 
In our special notice of "Machinery at iihe Den- 
ver Exposition" we inadvertently omitted to 
make allusion to the really fine and large ex- 
hibit made by Messrs. Fraaer & Chalmers, of 
Chicago. The motive power by which nearly 
all the machinery in the building was driven 
was an improved 24x28 Corliss automatic cut- 
off engine, with two 60-inch boiler?, each 16 ft. 
long, with a Baragwanath improved. The en- 
gine was rated at 250 horse power, and was em- 
ployed to drive a 25 inch belt with a 16-ffc. 
wheel. In addition, they also exhibited a 
Comet quartz crusher, a double Huntington 
quartz mill, an improved Frue vanner, aud an 
assortment of other smaller machinery. They 
also exhibited a 30- horse-power engine for driv- 
ing dynamo machines, with 25 electric lightp, 
embracing two 10-light and one 5-light Weston 
machines with 25 lamps. Their exnibit, taken 
altogether, was one of the best and most exten- 
sive single displays in the building. Messrs. 
Fraser & ChalmerB have their general office at 
Chioago, with branch offices in New York, 
Butte City, Montana, and Denver, Colorado. 

_ Asbestos gloves are maie and sold in con- 
siderable quantities by the H. W. Johns Manu- 
facturing Co., of New York, 

California Quicksilver. 

The Industry and the Tariff; 

The production of quicksilver is one of the 
most important interests of the Pacific coast, 
representing a capital of $30,000,000, and giv- 
ing permanent employment to more than 5,000 
men, who are paid liberal wages. For many 
years, while the article was protected by a duty, 
the business was profitable to the producers, 
and come 30 mines were in operation in the 
State. Within the last few years, aince quick- 
silver was placed on the free list, and owing 
to competition with foreign producers, par- 
ticularly of the Almaden mines in Spain, which 
are owned and worked by the Spanish Gov- 
ernment, and the Idria mine in Austria, worked 
by the Austiian Government, the price has been 
reduced to so low a figure that the California 
quicksilver miners say there is no profit to 
them in the business. 

Eight mines only are now being woiked in 
California, as follows: Quicksilver Mining Com- 
pany, New Almaden, J. B. Randol, manager; 
Sulphur Bank, Parrott & Co., agents; Great 
Western, P. Palache, President; Redington, 
John F. Redington, President; New Idria, 
Thomas Bell, President; Santa Clara Mfning 
Association, of Bait "more (the Guadalupe), 
Henry May, receiver; Oakland, Thomaa Bell, 
truatee; Napa Consolidated Mining Company. 
It is represented that the total amount received 
for Bales of the article during the last three 
years has not paid the cost of production, al- 
lowing for depreciation in works and exhaustion 
of the mines. Owing to the richness of the 
Spanish and Austrian mines, and the fact that 
the coat of labor in those countries is not more 
than one-Eixth of what is paid in California, 
quicksilver cannot be produced in America to 
compete with the product from Spain and Aus- 
tria, and unless some relief and protection is 
given, thiB important interest must give way to 
foreign competition. 

OwiDg to the high rata of transportation be- 
tween California and the Eastern States, foreign 
quicksilver can be sent from Europe to New 
York at one quarter the freight and 
in one-third of the time that it can be 
sent from San FranciBCC. The freight 
from here to New York is two cents 
per pound, or S40 per ton. From London to 
New York freight is $12 per ton, and it takeB 
10 days from London and 21 dayB from here. 
The mines here cannot therefore sell their pro- 
duct in New York. Last year London sent to 
New York 12,000 fls-akB— 1,000 flasks a month, 
but shipments Eaat from here must cease uoder 
such conditions. 

Many articlea necessary for the working of 
quicksilver mines, particularly iron, steel, coal, 
etc., are subject to high duties, thereby largely 
increasing tne coat of production. Empty 
quicksilver fl&Bks are aubject to a duty of 35%; 
that many of the flasks used in California are 
flaaka of American make returned from foreign 
countries, on which the quicksilver manufac- 
turers here are obliged to pay the high duty, 
often many times on the same flasks, while for- 
eign flasks filled with foreign quicksilver are 
imported into the United States free of duty! 
Owing to these facta, all of the American mar- 
ket eaat of the Rocky Mountains has been lost 
to California manufacturers, and supplied with a 
foreign product which pays no duty nor revenue 
in any way to our*Government,jbut, on the con- 
trary, is protected and favored over the Ameri- 
can product to the extent of 35% duty, paid by 
the American mines on empty naskB, which are 
classed under the head of manufactured iron. 

The imposition of a duty on quicksilver 
would lead to no hardship or damage to other 
industries in this country, the article being 
used over many times in gold and silver mining, 
so that the small advance in price would prac- 
tically be almost in the cost of mining, 
while the only other industries which would be 
affected — the manufacture of vermilion ?,nd the 
manufacture of medicinal preparations from 
mercury, both of which are small in comparison 
with the manufacture of quicksilver — are now 
protected by a duty. 

Owing to the great extent and richness of the 
Spanish mines, as compared with any mines in 
this country, and the low rate of labor in Spain, 
the Spanish Government can at any time pro- 
duce quicksilver in sufficient quantities to aap- 
ply the consumption of the world, and at a 
price which would eloae every mine in this 
country. The control of this Spanish product 
is a practical monopoly in the hands of Messrs. 
Rothchild, of London, who have the control 
of the Spanish mines production for 30 years 
to secure the payment of a loan to that Govern- 
ment. There is a very large accumulation — 
more than 100,000 flasks — Irom the products 
of these mines now in London. 

Prior to the manufacture of quicksilver in 
California the price of foreign quicksilver was 
more than treble the preaent price, and, should 
the California mines, which are practically 
the only competitors oi the Spanish and Aus- 
trian Governments' mineB, be, for want of pro- 
tection, driven from the field, the price of the 
foreign aiticle would be advanced to a rate 
that would compel the consumers of quicksilver 
in this country to pay a hundredfold more than 
the imposition of a duty on the American pro- 
duct would coBt them, and practically subject 
the mining of gold and silver in America, for 
which quicksilver is indispensible, and the price 
of bullion to the control of foreign governments' 

product of quicksilver. In 1874 the price in 
London was advanced to one dcllxr and seventy- 
Jive cents per pound. It ia now selling in San 
Francisco at 34i cents per pound. The admis- 
sion free of duty of the only product manufac- 
tured exclusively by foreign governments 
(which themselves have a high protective tariff), 
to the detriment and ruin of an American in- 
dustry, is an anomaly in our revenue laws which 
the quicksilver miners want to see at once re- 

Careful estimates recently made from the 
different mines show that for every flask of 
quicksilver manufactured, nine days' actual la- 
bor is used, which, at the low average of two 
dollars per day, would make the amount paid 
to workingmen §18 for every flask manufac- 
tured. It is now selling for less than §26 per 
llask, and the amount over what is paid for 
astual labor will not pay the cost of fuel, pow- 
der, flasks, steel and other materials protected 
by duties and necessarily used in the mining of 
cinnabar ore and its reduction to quicksilver. It 
seems almost a self-evident proposition that if 
any article of American manufacture is pro- 
tected, quicksilver should ahare in such protec- 

All other metals of American manufacture, 
from native orea, iron, copper, zinc, nickel, lead, 
etc., are protected by high dutiea; quicksilver, 
which under the present foreign government 
com pt t ttion aef ms to re quire it more 
than any other, foiming the only exception. 
The bubinefs is aubject to all the extraordinary 
risks and ULcirtamties of mining, with the 
added costs and difficulties of converting the 
ore into quicksilver and fi-ding a commercial 
outlet for it. 

Contrary to the general supposition, there ia 
no tariff on quicksilver, though the daily papers 
have been publishing dispatches aaying the 
duty was about to be removed. It has been 
free of duty since 1874. Under the old tariff 
the duty was 15 per cent, a I valorem, and 
ranged in amount from 10 to 25 cents per 
pound. All these facts have been presented to 
Congress in a memorial from the quicksilver 
minere of California, who ask to have a specific 
duty of from 15 to 20 centa per pound impoaed, 
15 cents being, in their opinion, the lowest fig- 
ure which may enable American manufacturers 
to compete with the Spanish and Austrian G >v- 
ernmente and give a fair return for capital in- 

Id conversation with the manager of the most 
extensive minea in California, the writer was 
told that unless some such duty urn imposed, 
in three years there would not be a quicksilver 
mine at work in this Stat \ In fact, several 
will close down this year unless the duty is put 
on the metal. California is particularly inter- 
ested in this matter, as she is the only pro- 
ducer of quicksilver in the United States. Gji>- 
eral Posecrans, the Representative to CjngreBa 
from this district, has actively interested him- 
self in the sul j cfc, and by peiaiatent ;nd inte li 
gent work, is bringing the matter before Con- 
gress in such a way that tie e are strong hopes 
among the quicksilver minere — thanks to his 
help — of carrying the point. 

Casks OF Steel. — An English firm has re 
cently turned their atteLtion to the manufac- 
ture of casks and barrels of steel. The two 
edged of the aheet of steel which form the 
cask are brazed together in such a manner as 
to justify the title of "seamless," which the 
patentees have applied to those productions. 
The^head of the barrel is aleorivetedto the body, 
so as to leave no seam, and the end rima are 
shrunk on hot, thus making a very solid end, 
whilst-, at the same time, the rims are thick 
enough to give a good purchase to the grappling 
hooks of hoists and cranes for loading and un- 
loading purposes. The buah for the tap does 
not project beyond the rim, so that the 
nozzle is not liable to be knocked about", and in- 
jured. The ea&ks are more durable than wood, 
less bulky, and it ia aaid lighter — an eighteen- 
gallon Bteel cask weighing some ten pounds 
less — a not unimpjjtant consideration as re- 
gards transit. In point of shape the steel bar- 
rel is exactly that of a well-formed wood one. 

The Evening Star mine, which has been the 
pride of Leadville, has ceased producing. The 
mine has paid dividends|to the amount of §>1.500, - 
000, and its gross product has amounted to 
something like §3,000,000. The Leadville 
Chronicle, in speaking of the mine, says: "We 
must not be understood as intimating that the 
Evening Star is exhausted, but simply that the 
managers see themselves near enough to the 
end of the resources to incline them to direct 
their attention chiefly to the work of explora- 

A Combination of Asbestos and India 
Rubber has been very successfully introduced 
in its application to valves of large biz9 for 
steam by Mr. B. Rhodes, of London. The ad- 
vantage . of the material consists in its great 
durability under steam, as the heat does not 
affect the aabeatos, and new settings can be 
readily applied without breaking any joint* or 
removing the body of the valve, a point of 
great consideration where a large mill iB de- 
pending on the ateam valve for motive power. 

Silling Patents.— George B. Davie, the 
well-known agent for the sale of patents in the 
United States and Europe, has moved his effice 
from 503 California street to room 14 over 
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s bank, corner California 
and Sansome, as will be seen by our advertising 

January 13, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


Notes From Eureka, Nevada. 

(From oar K'gulu Comspoixlent.) 
The sections of tbe accumulator Tor the Eu- 
reka Cod. new machinery are at hand, and Mr. 
Moore, from the R sdon Iron Work a, at Ban 
Francisco, ia here to aaperiutend tbe erection of 
them. When all ia ready, the sinking of the 
big abaft will be reaamed, and in a few months 
we ahall know a little about what there is be- 
low tbe 12th level. 

What ia going on at the K : chmond mine it 
ia ditlicult to tell, and can ouly be guessed at 
At the latt bi- yearly meeting of tbe stockhold- 
ers in London, Eog., it was ahown that the 
company, daring tbe paat six months, have 
realized a net profit of A*30,000— or nearly 
$160,000. A letter from Mr. Probert, the man- 
ager of the company at Kureka, was read at 
the meeting, showing that there ifl still a vast 
amount of unproftptcted territory in the Rich- 
mond mine; it also atatea the gentleman's 
viewa in respect to tbe future of tbe property, 
which are decidedly favorable. At tne Rtoh- 
mond reduction works there are now 

Two Forty-Ton Furnaces Running. 
One of them was started up this morning, and 
is working splendidly. The smelters and help- 
ers say that no furnace ever built in this dis- 
trict has made such a d tin start. It was built 
nnder Mr. Probert's direction and according to 
his own plaus. This afternoon 1 want to 

The Albion MIg*». 
And under guuUMtfe »i Mr. J >nn W l'i>m\ the 
foreman, got in the cag< 
and was lowered down 
to the main level, 
through which we passed 
to the j ^notion and 
thence southeast to the 
foot of a laddtr on which 
we climbad through an 
upraise to tho foot of 
an incline leading up to 
the Mammoth cave. 
From there we continu- 
ed going upwards until 
the top of the cave was 
reached, and then sat 
down to catch our breath 
now nearly exhausted. 
From the, top of tht OAve 
we again commenced 
climbing, and r etched 
the June drift 75 ft. 
above it. This brought 
us to the June chamber, 
which 1 can but imper- 
fectly describe. We rest- 
ed on tl jor - 1 , below 
which are three other 
rloorr, X| Y and Z. 
Above it are six doors, 
B, C. D, E, F, O, mak- 
ing in all 10 floors. 
Toese .ve laid on mas- 
sive iqnare sets of tim- 
bers six feet Ugh, s x 
feet long and live I'eec 
wide from centers to 
centers. Where the 
square sets are now 
tnere was originally ore, 
but at present most oc 
the space has been ri led 
in witii waste rock and 
oartb, leaving a walled 
it to admit of ingress 

lime rock, reached the January cave, where the 
ore ia making atrong towards the surface. The 
Albion ia certainly a big mine, and, considering 
tbe immense amount of territory that it covera, 
it ia reasonable to suppose that it cannot be 
worked 0Lt for a great number of years. The 
amount of exploration work done and tbe man- 
ner of its peiformance speaks volumes for K. 
N. R Jim*'.!!, the superintendent. The devel- 
opment of a mine ia by no means "baby work." 
It requires brain, engineering skill, labor, 
energy, perseverance and a large amount of 
money. Of all these Kureka district is much in 
need. I'.d ahe possess them we could show to 
the world the biggest mining camp upon the 
face of the globe. 

I bear that tbe Bald Kigleand I'ioneer mines, 
now in litigation, are to be consolidated. 

A Suggested Consolidation. 
I would respectfully suggest th,at these, the 
Dundurherg aeries, Cjnnolly, "California and 
Silver lung, and the Golden Kute" series (the 
last named contains 00 acres of good mineral 
ground), should all bo consolidated into one or 
two good atroogoompanies, such, for instance, us 
the I; ohmond Con. or Eureka Con., with ample 
means to develop the ground embraoed in the 
several claims. There is no doubt that in vari- 
ous portions of these claims vast deposits oE ore 
exist, no matter what may be said by persons 
peculiarly interested in making it appear to the 
contrary. I will now call attention of the 
readers of the Minim; ami SCIENTIFIC PRESS 

To Adams Bill 
At the Horace Tony work on tbe shaft has been 

Horse Power of Water Wheels. 

In the accompanying table, which is designed 
to show graphically the horse power of water 
wheels, tbe lines of horse power are parallel 
and iqui-distant. The lines of heads in feet 
are parallel and are set at distances from pro- 
portional to the cube of the square root of the 
head in feet. The lines of diameters are drawn 
diagonally, and intersect tbe lines of heads in 
feet proportionally to the tquares of tbe di- 

In order that the diagonal lines should not 
be too crowded, those representing diameters 
from 5 inches up to 24 inones have been drawn 
from one corner, while those from 28 inches up 
to 72 inches have been drawn from the adjacent 
corner on the line of feet head. The hues of 
horse power are numbered increasing from tbe 
origin of the lines of diameters which they are 
designed to measure. 

To illustrate the method of using the scale, 
take two examples. First, a 30-inoh wheel 
under 70 feet head. Following tbe line marked 
70 in the margin of "Heads in feot for large 
wheels," to its intersection with the diagonal 
of 30 in. diameter and then going back from 
the opposite side of the diagonal in the line of 
horse power, the figure in the margin will indi- 
cate 200 horse power. 

Second, a wheel of 15 inches diameter nnder 

300 feet head. Taking the line marked 300 in 

the margin ''Heads in feet for small wheels," 

| to its intersection with the diagonal of 15 in. 

c a 

5>3J| S&Sj 


it ii^iilgi 

iilafssE 1 


HEADS 450 IN 462 FEET 

SMALL 200 WHEELS. 150 120 100 

up passage through 
and egresB. Fnm 
floor A we descended through the Juae winz* 
to the November level, and thtn proceeded 
to the November cave. Here we round but 
one man at work. He was prospecting, 
and had just struck a bunch of ore,_ fin- 
looking and giving indications of making 
into a body. From this point we passed ul 
through another portion of the June chamber 
to the A', Y and Z floors. B/ the marks on 
each puBt we could tell precisely what part of 
the chamber we were in, and by the same 
marks I noticed that the chamber was 45 ft. 
wide and 85 ft. long on these d jors. It 
iB also 60 ft. irom top to bottom as far as ex- 
plored; but as there is still a plenty of ore in 
Bight, there is no telling where it will end. We 
next retraced our steps and went through the 
November drift toachuteinto which the ore from 
the June cave is dumped and conveyed to the 
main level. Mr. Williams now placed me in 
charge of a miner, and went to look after his 
men. My next point was the east raise, to 
reach which we had to go back to the Mam 
moth cave. Again we Btarted fiom this point, 
and, going directly to the east raise, found that 
a large amount of ore had been removed tince 
my last visit, and all the way up the raise there 
is from three to eight or ten feet of ores, mak- 
ing, in a noitherly dirt ction, as I judge (not 
having a compass with me, I had to rely on my 
judgment as regards direction, and may be some- 
what at fault in regard to it). Upward we 
went a great distance, keeping the 'ore at our 
left hand all the way up and dipping away from 
uf. This, I think, is the December cave, but I 
am only guessing, as my present guide could 
tell me nothing. We again retraced our steps 
to the October drift, and thence found our waj 
to the October cave. Here were 

Mlcers Taking Out Ore 
In the same manner as laborers would take Band 
from a sandbank; no timbering, but working up 
against a bank of ore over 20 ft. high at the 
breast. By means of a ladder we climbed up 
over this, and, going through a natural hole in 

quit far the present to prospect for a "grub 
stake," the parties leasing and taking out flux, 
of which there is a great deal. There is also 
three or four tons of high grade ore on] the 

At the Rio Members tbe main shaft ia down 
tifty feet, and a cross cut has been driven forty 
feet on solid hard quarlz that will work about 
$15 per ton, which as soon as hoisted to the 
surface is bought by the Albion Company at 
$2 per ton, and by them hauled to their fur- 
naces to be used as flux for their own ores. 
Through the quartz are veins of ^carbonate ore 
running from $90 up to $105 per ton. 

At the Silver Lick series a new double com* 
partment shaft is being Bunk, from which at a 
depth of 50 it. from the surface a drift is being 
iun to strike the lode. The extreme east end 
of the serieB is leased to parties who have besn 
raking out some good quartz, but have quit that 
for tne purpose of sinking on the ledge to 
where they believe they will strike it 
bigger than near to the surface. Molino and 
Frazer have over 100 sacks of fine rich ore on 
tbe dump, and are still going for more of the 
same kind. From the Herculean is being ship- 
ped for flux to the Albion eight tons of quartz 
per day. At Eureka No. 2 are indications 
around and about the sha t of a mine. There is 
quartz beside the dump, but as the windlas 
drum had been removed from the standards, 
and there was no person to let me down into the 
shaft, I cannot aay whether the quartz was 
taken out of it or carted there from some other 
place. On Prospect mountain there is consid' 
erable activity, bat during the past week I have 
had but little chance to take notes up that way. 
One of the important enterprises in that portion 
of the district is the Monumental tunnel, now 
in about 350 ft. in hard lime rock, which the 
contractors say is changing to softer ground. In 
fact they think they are in the casing of the 
ledge; but of this more anon. 

M. H. Joseph. 
Eureka, Nevada, Jan. 8, 1883. 

The Miners' Association, which is making the 
debris fight, has issued a call for more money. 

diameter, and following the "horse power" line | of this State therein, 
from the same side of the diameter line to the 
margin it will be found to indicate 450 horse 

Tbe diagram is drawn upon a basis of useful 
effect of 80 per cent, of the theoretical power 
of water, and a full gate opening having a fixed 
proportion in square inches to the diameter of 
the wheel in lineal inches. This is one of the 
diagrams accompanying the drawing of Sshuss- 
ler & E;kart'a water wheel, in the circular of 
the Union Iron Works of this city. 

Mining Expositions. 

In bis message to tbe Legislature of this 
State Governor Perkins speaks as follows of the 
recent mining exposition at Denver, Colorado: 
In the month of June last I received from Gov- 
ernor Pitkin, of Colorado, an invitation from the 
Directors of the National Mining Exposition, to 
be held at Denver in the months of August and 
September, requesting me to appoint a commis- 
sioner to represent this State therein. Believ- 
ing Buoh representation would be advantageous 
to our people, and be the means of advancing ita 
commercial a i well as ita mineral interests, I 
urged on Warren B. E«ver, E <\ , of San Fran- 
cisco, the acceptance of such appointment. His 
commission sb such agent was forwarded him, 
and in accordance therewith he proceeded to 
discharge the duties required of him. HiB re- 
port, wnioh accompanies this message, is the 
strongest evidence of the wiadom of the ap- 
pointment, and further shows the necessity of 
the State's encouraging such expositions; the 
meager exhibition ot the mineral and metallic 
production of California does not speak very fa- 
vorably of the business qualifications and en- 
ergy which is the boast of a Californian. 

I commend the report as full of suggestions, 
many of which, if adopted, would bring the 
State more prominently before the commercial 
and scientific men of the world, as well as to 
those who are seeking to create homes, thus ad- 
vancing the Common- 
30125 20 12 S04 wealth in all its varied 
hit areata. 
|I respectfully call your 
attention to the fact that 
i no appropriation was at 
' my command to pay any 
of the expenses incurred 
by Mr. Ewtr, and he 
! was bo informed, with 
' the un le stan in », how- 
ever, that I would refer 
the mattsr of conden- 
sation to you. I there- 
fore ask that the Legis- 
lature pay the same, 
, being the trifling sum of 

; $121. 

An appropriation of 
§5,000 was made at the 
last session to provide 
for a proper representa- 
tion of Gal foraia at the 
World's Exhibition, to 
1 be held in New York in 
' 18S3. None of this 
money has been used, 
the exhibition having 
been postponed, hence 
the small sum recom- 
mended abjve may well 
be granted. 

I have been officially 
notified by James Da 
Fremery, Esq., Consul 
of the Netherlands, of 
the intention of his Gov- 
ernment to hold an In- 
ternational Exhibition 
at Amsterdam during 
the present year, and in- 
viting the participation. 
Great efforts are being 

Large Pearls. — The Pacific, of Mezatlan 
(Mexico), has the following: The largest pearl in 
the world has been found recently in Lower 
California (Mexico) by one of the fishers (or di- 
vers) belonging to the firm of GoczaUz and 
Kaffo, merchants at La P*z (L. C. ). The pearl 
is of the dimension of a lemon, weighing 75 
carats and meat urea one inch in length and 
three-fourths of an inch in width. It took the 
fisher who opened the shell several minutes to 
extract the pearl. There ia no doubt that the 
coaBt of Lower California is very rich. The 
largest pearl known before was also found on 
that coast, in Loreto (L. C. ), in the time of the 
Jesuits, and adorned the crown of the Queen of 

James Brown, chief engineer of the On- 
tario mine, Park City, Utah, died in Salt L ake 
City on the 52.1 of last month. Deceased was 
49 years of age, and a native of PrestoD, Eag- 
land. He wa^formerly foreman of the Gold 
Hill foundry, and subsequently held the posi- 
tion of chief engineer of the Ophir mine. 

Bullion Output of Leadville, — The bul- 
lion product of Leadville district the last quar- 
ter was as follows: Pounds lead, 17,009 228; 
ounces silver, 1,336,112; ounces gold, 2,921. 
Total currency value, $5,783,127. Total value 
of output for the last four years is as followe: 
1879, $10 333 740; 18S0, $14,187,697; 1881, 
§13,170,567; 1882, $18,220,893. 

made to insure its success. This exhibition 
offers a rare opportunity to bring to notice the 
resources and advantages of California. The 
leading countries of Europe have already taken 
measures to have their several industries repre- 
sented therein. The great usefulness of these 
international exhibitions has so frequently been 
demonstrated that it seemB unnecessary to call 
special attention to them. 

The State should avail itself of this opportu- 
nity to impress the advantages for settlement, 
for agricultural and industrial pursuits, etc., 
upon the multitudes that will visit this exhibi- 
tion, and who will carry their acquired knowl- 
edge and impressions to every nook and corner 
of Europe. 

I have been informed that articles represent- 
ing the resources of California, with specimens 
of her minerals, would be donated for this pur- 
pose if the expenses incident to their care and 
transportation were provided by the State. 

A few years ago copper leads in Montana 
were given the go-by by prospectors as value- 
less. Nothing but gold and silver prospects 
were considered worth the trouble of locating 
and recording. To-day copper iB the most 
valuable product, and the rich copper mines of 
Montana are attracting fully as much attention 
abroad as her silver bonanzas. 

Locating at Midnight. — At Cjmo there was 
a crowd on hand New Year's for the purpose of 
relocating jumpable claims. Many were up till 
after midnight — till Monday morning was fairly 
ushered in — waiting about bonfires (#hieh khey 
had built in various places in the hille) for the 
moment to arrive when they could legally post 
their notices. 

Thomas Donovan was killed in the Huhn 
& Hunt mine, Nevada, by a cave last week. 
He landed in California in early days and he 
worked in the mines and mills of the Comatock 
for several years. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 1883 






Having ~ 
POINTED SHOPS in the West. 


Frue Ore Concentrator, or Vanner Mills. 

,,.,.„., ,. „ nr S hons an a Machinery, we have now the LAKGJ5ST and BEST AP- 
made extensive ^o™ * ™ r ar e d t S bui°d f"m the Latest una Most Approved Patterns, 


The Stetefeldt, Howell's Improved White, Erunton's & 

Z^¥ a ^:%tl"S^tZ d, lSy^;; 



r ODe piece, either round, oblong, oval or square. Our 

Water ,«„*.. either Wjo^h* or cast iron, ^^^^.^.^^^r^^^^^^j^ 
ISTTSSS^ ^pSuldTand 1 Mfe™ithar g e Car, a nd Pots, Cupel Furnaces and Car,. 


Wire Rope, Safety Cages and any Size and Forms of Cars 

Principal Office and Works, Fulton and Union Sts., Chicago, Illinois. 

Coarse Concentrating Works, Improved Jigs, Crushing Rollers, Sizers, Trommels, Kittenger Tables, and all other 
adjuncts for the proper working of Gold, Silver and Copper Ores, complete in every detail. ,„„/.. . , 

HAI.L.IDIE IMPROVED ORE TRAMWAYS. We refer to Gen. CuBter mine, Idaho, 5,000 feet long; 
Columbus Mine, Col., 4,750 feet long; Mary Murphy mine, Col., 5,000 feet Ions, all in constant operation. 


Improved Corliss and Plain Slide Valve Meyer's Cut-off Engines. 

COKLISS ENGINES from 12x36 Cylinders to 30x60. PLAIN SLIDE VALVES from 6x10 to 36x36. BOILERS 
of every form, made of Pine Iron Works C. H. No. 1 Flange Iron, or Otis Steel. Workmanship the most careful. All 
Rivets Hand Driven. 

This latter size furnished J. B. Haggin for Giant and Old Abe Co , Black Hills 
S^^^^uThu^^^oWs^^f^rr^mgV^tOTi^l^ti^p. BafcyHoiats for Prospecting, 4 H. P. to 6 B. P. 

McCaskeli's Patent Car Wheels and Axles-Best in Use. 
New York Office, Walter McDermott, Manager, Room 32, No. 2 Wall St. 




"Old Reliable," 

With Important Improvements, making; it the 


Comprising the Largest and the SmaUest Wheels, under both the Highest and 
Lowest head used in thisjMuntry. Our new HluBtrated Book sent free to those 

'""^os^tapro-rtng water power should not fail to write us for New Prices, before 
buying elsewhere. New Shops and New Machinery are provided for making this 
WheeL Address 


Springfield, Ohio, and 110 Liberty Street, New York City. 
P4RKE & I-ACY. General Agenta, 21 & 23 Fremont St.. S. Y+ 

Toia la the best and cheapest Ore Feeder now in use. 

It has fewer parts, requires less power, is simpler in 
adjustment than any other. Feeds coarse, ore or Boft 
clay alike uniformily, under one or all the Btamps in a 
battery, as required 

In the Bunker Hill Mill it has run continuously for two 
years, never having been out of order or costing a dollar 
for repairs. 

Golden State and Miners' Iron Works, 

Sole Manufacturers, 

337 First Street, SAN FRANCISCO, CA1„ 




Located on the Shore of San 
Francisco Bay. 

.For particulars apply to C. O. Yale, 414 Clay Street, 
San Francisco. 

To parties contemplating the erection of new works for 
niamifactuiing purposes this is 


«3TThe plant will be sold at a very low rate. 


Successors to MOREY & SPiflRRY, 
Manufacturers of all kinds of 


,n« ^«SS ««3»Sf 

of Amalgamating Pans, Combination, Eclipse, Excelsior, etc. Settlers, Bock Break- 
ers Stamp Mills for Wet or Dry Crush! njr. Rowland's Pulverizer, Improved Riffles 
Betorts for Gold and Silver, Silver Plated Copper for free Gold 
Amalgamation. Hoisting and Pumping Machinery, Chlondiz- 
ing Furnaces, etc. Mining and Mill Supplies of every descrip- 
tion. Steel Shoes and Dies that last three times as long as any iron. 

WARERO0MS: 92 & 94 Liberty St., New York, 

Foundry and Machine Shop,: Newbure. M. T. 

NOTICE!. — The public and former friends and 

patrons of the old firm of Morey & S perry are 

hereby notified that the above-named Company is 

the legitimate and ONLY successor to the said 

firm, having acquired all the drawings, 

patterns and machinery of theof theold 

firm, together with the lease and good 

will of its business. 

We shall continue the business, with 
largely increased facilities, at the old 
place, having made connection with the 
Newburg Steam Engine works, which have been enlarged to meet the demands of this Company. Mr. Franklin 
Morey, of the late firm of Morey & Spwrrjv will manage tbe business of this Company. . Information^aud esti- 
mates of the various stjles of Mining and Milling Machinery cheerfully given. All orders filled promptly. Mate- 
rials and Workmanship First-Olass. 



Good water, riob soil and magnificent view. 
High elevation, dry air, few fogs and northers. 

No brush or fences on the land, which is es- 
pecially adapted to the culture of the orange 
and raisin grape. 

Near to church, school, store and depot. 
Hotel open. Telephone Communication. 

Stage from San Bernardino Tuesdays, Thurs- 
days and Saturdays. 





CttiS. E. LLOTD. J- S. B1UIU13L7.Y. 


No, 912 Broadway Street, 
Between 8th & 9th Sts., Oakland. 

Particular Attention given to Negotiating Loans upon 

Favo' able Terms. Acting ts Agents for Buyers and 

Sellers of Real Estate, and the Management 

of Business for Absent Owners. 

DEWBT <5c OO.'S 

Scientific Press 

Flint igncy. 



' 9lh. and Mission Sis. 
San Francisco Pioneer Screen Works 

J. W. QUICK, Manupactt/ebb. 

Inventors on the Pacifio Coast will find it greatly to their advantage to consult this old 
experienced, firat-class Agency. We have able and trustworthy associates and Agents in Wash- 
ington and the capital cities of the principal nations of the world. In connection with our edi- 
torial, scientific and Patent Law Library, and record of original cases in our office, we have 
other advantages far beyond those which can be offered home inventors by other Agencies. The 
information accumulated through long and careful practice before the Office, and the frequent 
examination of Patents already granted, for the purpose of determining the patentability of 
inventions brought before us, enables us often to give advice which will save inventors the 
expense of applying for Patents upon inventions which are not new. Circulars of advice sent 
free on receipt of postage. Address DEWEY & CO., Patent Agents, 252 Market St., S. F. 




Ihe "Garland" Patent 


Is a sure shut-off against 
Sewer Gas and Back Waier. 
The Loaned Metal Ball Valvo 
is slightly heavier than water. 
This Trau can be put in at 
small expense, and is warranted 
to Rive satisfaction- Highly 
recommended by leading 
Vrcbitects and Plumbers. 
Used in all new, first-class 
buildings in San Francisco, in- 
cluding Phelau Block. For 
Bale by all dealers in E lumbers' 

TRAP MP'G CO., 1901 Broadway, Oakland, Cal. 

Rights for sale. 

Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law, 

Rooms 7, 8 and 9. 

No- 320 California Street. S. F„ 

(Over "Wella Fargo & Co.'b Hank. 

Special Attention Paid to Patent 

N. B.— Mr. J. L. Boone, of the above firm, has been con- 
nected with the patent business for over 15 years, and de- 
rates himself almost exclusively to patent litigation and 
kindred branches 


Several first premiums received 
for Quarts Mill Screens, and Per- 
I forated Sheet Metals of every 
I description. 1 would call special 
1 attention to my SLOT CUT and 
I which are attracting much at- 
I tention and giving universal 
I satisfaction. This is the only 
\ establishment on the coast de- 
voted exclusively to the manufac- 
ture of Screens. Mill owners using Battery Screens extaL- 
aively can contract for large supplies at favorable ratee. 
Orders solicitcdand promptly attended to. 

32 Fremont Street, San Franclpoo. 

Dewey & Co.UrS».l Patent Agt's 


Manufaotur ed under Alfred Nobel's Okigin a l and Only Valid Patent for Nitro-Glycerjne Powders 

All NUro-Glycprine Compounds, for instance, so-called HERCULES, VULCAN. VIGORIT, 
NITBO-SAFETY Powder, Etc., are infringements on. IHe Giant Powder Co.'s Patents. 


Call Special Attention to their Improved Grades of Powder. 
NO, 1.— The most Powerful Explosive Compound now in use here. 
NO. 3. — Surpasses in strength any Powder of its class ever manufactured. 
NO. 3.— This grade is a Strong and Reliable Powder, which does excellent work. 


Is now used in all large Hydraulic Claims, and on most Railroads. It breaks much more ground, aud obviates reblaBting 
by breaking much finer. TRIPLE FORCE CAPS AND ALL GRADES OE FUSE. 
jJSTThe Giiint Powder Company have also purchased from Mr. Nobel, the inventor of Nitro-Glycerine, his latest in- 
vention, knowu under the name of 


This explosive is from o\}% to 60% stronger than the strongest Nitro Glycerine Compound and impervious to watt r 
Even hot water does not diminish its strength. We are now introducing the same. 

6SAXO.UANN, NIELSEN ■£ CO., General Agents, 310 Front St., S. F, 



Only "PEBBLE" Establishment. 

Muller's Optical Depot, 

185 Montgomery St. , naar Bush. 

The moat complicated caseB of defect 
Ire vision thoroughly diagnosed, free of 
charge. Orders by mail or express 
promptly attended to. 

Compound Astigmatic'Lenses Mounted to 
Order. Two Hours Notice. 

January I'd, 

Mining and Scientific Press, 



416 Montgomery St.. San Francisco 

Gold and Silver Refinery 
And Assay Office. 

Gold, sih.ainHil.m.ilu,.-, ■ nil s u 1 |ih ureta 

Manufacturers of Biuestone. 


Tbli*ny has the beet f&cllRluo on the Coast 
for vol. 



PRENTISS SEI.BY. - - Superintendent 

bli5ijie&$ birectory. 



Paper Rulers & Blank Book Manuiactureru 
605 Clay Street, (southwest cornor Sansomo), 


San Francisco Cordage Factory. 

Established 1856. 

Constantly on hand a full assortment of Manila Rope, 
SUa Rope, Tarred Manila Rope, Hay Ropo, Wtiale 
, etc. 
Extra sizes and lengths made to order on short notice 


611 and 6*18 Front Street, San Franciscr. 




Manufactory, 17 & 19 Fremont St.. 8. F. 


Reaction Hurdy Curdy Water-Wheel. 

TIliB Wheel will be guaranteed to purchasers to give 83 
of tlio theoretical power of water. rti. Send for circular ■ 
L. A. PELTUN, Nevada City, Nevada Co., Cal. 


tv:e celebrated A brand. 
Shipped Direct from the New Almaden Mine, 

New Almaden Station, Sar.ta Clara Co., Cal. 

For sale in any quantity. Trademark A on top of 
FlaskH secured by United Slates Patent, and registered. 
Flasks contain 7(U lbs. QuickBilver. Weight and purity 

OAKLOAD LOTS will be shipped from San Jose, f. o. 
b,, for Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Montana and l/Iabo 
or Utah, or delivered at Pacific Mail SteamshipCo.'swharf, 
a>id Depot of S. P. R. R. Co., San Francisco, without 
charge. Railroad rates from San Jose are the same as 
from San .Francisco. 


P. O Box, 1078. 

320 Sansome Street. S. F, 


S5S Jluket St., N. E. 
Experimental mac lioe 
per aud braea work 



ior. Front, up-staira, San Francisco. 
iid all kinds of models, tin, cop- 



Mining Machinery. 

For Catalogues, Estimate?, Etc., address 

Berry & Place Machine Company, 

PARKE & LACY, Proprietors. 


Patent Life -Saving Respirator? 


Invaluable to these 
engaged in dry ctuah- 
iu;; quartz rj i la, quick- 
silver mines. whi'e lead 
corroding, feeding 
thrashing machines 
and all occupations 
where the surrounding 
atmosphere is filled 
with dust, obnoxious 
smells or pnisrn U3 
vapors. The Respira- 
tors are sold Buhjecfc 
to approval after trial, 
and, if not sntisfactory, 
the price wi 1 be re- 
f unded. Price, $3 
each, or §30 per dozer. 

AiUlreoS all com muni - 
cations aud orders 

H. H. BROMLEY.JSole Agent, 

43 S-cramento Street, San Franc sc 3, Cal. 


We have on sale, at a very low price, a RUTHERFORD 
ORE PULVERIZER, which ii in perfectly good order in 
a strong frame, with pulley, etc., all ready for work. 

It has only b t eu used a couple of months, and is as 
Good as New. 

This is a eood opportunity for anyone wanting a Pul- 
verizer of moderate capacity for a low price. Address, 

252 Market St., S. F. 



We guarantee our COMPOUND to -remove 
all scale and prevent udj- more being deposited The 
COMPOUND forming a glazed surface on the iron, 
to which no Bcale will adhere and which preserves the. iron. 
The preparation is strictly vegetable, and is war- 
ranted to do all that is claimed for it without injury 
to the metal. Send for a circular. 

H, P. GREGORY <Sf CO., Agents. 
San FranciscL 


Philadelphia Chemical Stoneware Manufactory, 

On OB Cumberland St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Manufacturer of all kinds of Chemical Stone Ware for 

Manufacturing Chemists. Also, Chemical 

Hric.kt* for (Hove Towers. 

A Partner Wanted in a Rich Silver Mine, 

A Miner of many years' experience having discovered 
aDd located a Mining Claim on a Ricb Silver Lode at a 
place n it very far distant from San Francisco, wishes fo 
meet with some party with Capital to join him in de- 
veloping same. 

Cj.ii be seen at 531 California Street, room 1, where 
samples and assays of the Rock can be seen. 


Metallurgist and Mining Engineer. 

Erection of Leaching and Chlorination Works a 
specialty. Address, 


Cor. Fourth and Market Sts., St, Louis, Mo. 

The Explorers' Miners' and 
Metallurgists' Companion. 

Comprising a Practical Exposition of the Va 

rious Departments of Exploration, 

Mining, Engineering, Assaying, 

and Metallurgy, 

Containing 672 Pages and 83 Engravings, 

Of California, a Practical Operator for Thirty-eight 

Years; Explorer and Resident in the Pacific States 

and Territories for the past Twelve years. 

PRICE— bound in cloth, §10.50; in leather, 812. 
For sale at this office. 

Rrmittanoes to this office should be made by postal or- 
lei ar registered letter, when practicable; cost of postal 
mler, for §16 or less, 10 ets.; for registered letter, in ad 
lif.ion to regular postage (at 3 ctB. per half-ounce) HO tita 

IHetalllirgy and Ore$. 


118 & 120 HaUeck Street, 

New Leldwdorff, SAM FRANCISCO. 


ryPersonal attention insures Correct Returns. ta 

Nevada Metallurgical Works, 


Near First arid Market Streets, S. P. ' 

Estabubukb, 1809. c. A. Luoruardt, Managor. 

Ores Worked by any Process. 

Ores Sampled. 

Assaying in all its Branches. 

Analyses of Ores, Minerals, Waters, Kto. 

Working Tests (Practical) Made. 

Plans and Specifications furnished for the 
most suitable process for working Ores. 

Special attention paid to Examinations of 
Mines, plans and reports furnished. 

(Formerly Huliu & Luckhardt) 
Mining Engineers and Metallurgists 



Assayers' Materials, 



118 and 120 Market Street, and 15 and 17 
California St., San Francisco. 

We would call the attention of Assayers, Chemists, 
Mining Companies, Milling Companies, Prospectors, etc., 
to our full stock of Balances, Furnaces, Aluflies, Cruci- 
bles, Scorifiers, etc., including, alBo, a full stock of 

Having been engaged in furnishing these supplies since 
ihe lirst discovery of mines on the Pacific Coast, we feel 
confident from our experience we can well suit the de- 
mand for these coeds both as to quality and price. Our 
Aew Illustrated Catalogue, with prices, will be sent on 

r^Our Gold and Silver Tables, showing the value per 
ounce Troy at different degrees of fineness, and valuable 
tables ior compulation of assays in grains and grammes, 
will be sent free upon application. Agents ior the Patent 
Plumbago Crucible Co., Loudon, England. 





318 Pine St., (Basement), 
Corner of Leidesdorff Street, - SAN FRANCISCO 

Ores Sampled and Assayed, and Tests Made by anv 
Process. ■* 

Assaying and Analysis of Ores, Minerals and Waters. 

Mines examined and reported on. 

Piactical Instruction given iu Treating Ores by ap- 
proved processes. 


Mining Engineers aud Metallurgist 


Assay Office and Chemical 

624 Sacramento St., S. F. 


Chemist and Assayer, 

No. 110 Sutter St., S. P. 

:-j:S;PHILLIPS:-. 1 NEW, 


Efl43 Years' Practice! Pacific Coast l4t | 

Send for list of his Mining Books. Tools, <£c. 

Instruction on Annoying and Testing. 


Assaying Apparatus selected and supplied. 
I Agency for a Swansea Co. buying mixed ores. 


Luther Wagoner. John Hays Hammond 




Mining: and Civil Engineer, 

Montgomery Street, San Franciaco. 
£*"Uor.nrta. Surveys and Plana of Mlnea made..** 


Practical, Civil, Mechanical and Min- 
ing Engineering, 


JA Post Street, San Francisco 

A. VAN DER NAIIJ.EN, Principal. 

Stnd for Circular. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 1883 

!jj>ATE]M TS AT^ X^ VE ^ TIQ ^ S 

List of U. S. 

Patents for Pacific Coast 

From the official list of TJ S. Patents in Dewey & Co.'b 
Scixntiho PRB38 PATENT Agbnct, 252, Market St., S. t. 

For Week Ending Januart 2, 1882. » 

"70 171.-CAR Coupling- Wm Adams. Salem, Or. 
26Q%9.-Cas. Coupling -Geo. W. Bedbury, Portland, 

°269,9i2.-FAECET-J. L. Berry & S. Gladney, Antelope, 

C ^ 70 001 -Grain SEPARATOR-Datiiel Best, Albany, Or. 

070*007 — Equalizing Apparatds for. Pumping anu 
Ot"her MACQWBRY-Chaa Bridges, San Fernando, Cal 

WO 00S -L.vnDKH.-Cha9. Brid e es. San Fernando, Cal. 

2G9's52— Fro;t Stoner— J. M. Harlow, Brighton, Cal. 

269 855.— Safbtt Appliance for Elevators— L. H. 
Hevremann, S. F. „ _ _ T , 

269,863— Iron and Illuminating Stairs-P. H. Jack- 

S °2C9,94s!— Featherins Paddle Wheel— Chas. Mejrow, 

S ' 269 952. -Hand Rock Drill— E. Moreau, S. F. 
270,095.— Cork Extractor— Rob't, Morgan, Stockton, 

°9B9 903.-HAND OR Wire Vise-S. B. Whitehead, S. F. 

26Q,QS2.— Two-woeeled Vehicle— G. A. Wright, L. H. 
Fowler and f. Shaw. Napa, Cal. . , 

269,988.— Stock Car— A. V. Anderson, Virginia City, 

Note —Copies of U. S. and Foreign Patents famished 
bv Dewsy & Co. in the shortest time possible (by tele- 
c-raph or otherwise) at the lowest rates. All patent busi- 
ness for Pacific coast Inventors transacted with perfect 
security and in the shortest possible time. 

Notices of Recent Patents. 

Among the patents recently obtained through 
Dewey & Co.'b Scientific Press American and 
Foreign Patent Agency, the following are 
worthy of special mention : 

Device fou Breaking Balky Horses.— 
JoBeph Lucas, Los Angeles, Cal. No, 269,5S9. 
December 26, 18S2, This invention relates to 
a device for breaking or overcoming the fault 
of horseB which refuse to move at times, com- 
monly known as "balky horses." It consists in 
the employment of two boots or inclosing 
pieces of leather, which are fitted around the 
front legs of the animal just behind the knees, 
and have a cord or strap attached to them from 
the front and passing through a pulley, which 
ia fixed to the front end of the pole, so that 
when the animal moves properly and freely the 
strap runs freely back and forth through the 
pulley with the reciprocal action of the front 
legs. If, however, the animal refuses to travel, 
the other animal of the team will Btart the 
wagon, and the consequent pull upon the boots 
will force the unwilling animal to start. 

Watch Regulator. — Julius C. Landmann, 
Dutch Flat, California. No. 269,588. Decern- 
ber 26, 1S82, This invention relates to an at- 
tachment for regulating the speed of watches, 
and it consists of a segment rack attached to 
the outer end of the regulating arm. With this 
meshes a pinion, the shaft of which extends 
through the watch and has another pinion upon 
the opposite end, which is engaged by the teeth 
of a gear-wheel, the shaft of which extendi 
through the face and has an index-arm secured 
to it. By moving this index-arm the regulator 
is adjusted without opening the watch, a circu- 
lar scale showing the amount of adjustment 
made. ^ 

The Garland Sewer Gas Trap. 

The Garland improved sewer gas trap for 
wash-basins, sinks, bath-tubs, seems to be a 
sure seal against sewer gas and back water. 
With or without vent pipes, danger from si- 
phonage and evaporation is avoided. A loaded 
metal ball valve, slightly heavier than water, 
ia ground into its seat, resting two and a 
half inhces under the water or exit 
pipe. This valve floats up and around 
the large chamber while the water is 
running out, and after the flow falls 
gently into its seat. There is a trap screw at 
the bottom which is easily removed for cleans- 
ing or recovering anything of value that might 
drop through a basin or sink. The Gar- 
land trap received the first premium at 
Mechanics' and State Fairs, It has been in- 
dorsed by the Oakland Board of Health. 
There i8 no department of invention that has 
been put to stronger testa than that of plumb- 
ing, to keep out sewer gas. The inception of 
many of our worst diseases is due to the escape 
of sewer gas through our dwellings. The Gar- 
iand trap is recommended highly by J. P. Gay- 
nor, Aug. Laver, P. Huerne, John Marquis, 
Wolfe & Son and other leading architects. It 
has been put in moat of the new buildings of 
late, such asPhelan Block, Union Square Hotel, 
Page, Westerfield & Co.'a building, etc. The 
old-style traps have been taken out and these 
put in A. J. Kalston'a house. Arcade house. 
Post Office block, Galindo hotel and Central 
block, Oakland. In that city also the traps are 
used in the houses of G. W. Manuel, S. J. Har- 
vey, C. W. Crane, C. J. Forest, F. S. Page and 
others. S. H. Seymour, of the Rubb house, 
aleo UE68 them. They are in Holbrook & 
Merrill's big building, are uaed by W. W. 
Montague, and among leading plumbers by 
Thomas Day and others. These references are 
enough to show the favor in which the trap is 
held, as will be seen by our advertising col- 
umns. The Garland Sewer Gas Trap Manu- 
facturing Co., of Oakland are makers, 

Debilitated persona and sufferers from wasting dis- 
eases, such as consumption, scrofula, kidney affections, 
^vill be greatly benefited by using Brown's Iron Bitters. 

San Francisco Metal Market 


TflOKSDAT, Jan. 11,11883. 

Per pound @ 15 


American. Pig, aof t, ton 0*31 00 

Scotch. Pig. ton 27 00 (§29 00 

American White Pis, ton @ 

Oregon Pig, ton @30 00 

Clipper Gap, Noa. 1 to 4 @ 

RetinedBar i@ 

Horse Shoes, keg — @ 5 50 

NailRod — @ 71 

Norway, according to thickness . 6^@ 70 


English Cast, lb 16® 25 

Black Diamond, ordinary sizes — @) 14 

Drill 15® 16 

Machinery 12(S 14 


Ingot —a 22 

Sheet 37 @ 39 

Sheating, Tinnedl4xl8 — (g SI 





Cement, 100 fine 

Lead.— ■Mlb^H 

Pig 43® 51 

Bar •- ® 6 

Pipe -® 8 

Sheet — @ 9 

Shot, discount 10% on 500 Bags ^ n Tn 

Drop, per hag 

Buck, " 

chilled " 

Tin Plates.— 

Charcoal 1 25(3 7 50 

Cike 6 25@6 40 

BancaTin — @25 10 

Australian — @25 00 

I. C. Charcoal Roofing 14x20 — @ 6 90 


By the Cask 

Zinc, sheet 7x3 ft. 7 to 10 Q), less the cask 

Assorted Sizes 4 00 @ 4 75 

Quicksilver.— _ 

Bytheflask - - @ 371 

Flasks, new , ® 1 2a 

Fla:ks, old (<» 1 05 

@ 33 

@ 15J 

@ 2 30 
- @ 2 50 


Assessments falling delinquent on mining 
stocks in January amount to §810,070, levied 
by 20 mines, against S462. 400 in January, 1882, 
and $780,500 in 1881. Of this month's as- 
sessments Nevada mines call for $285,800, Cali- 
fornia $514 270, and Arizma $10,000. 

The Hor n Silver mine of Utah produced over 
$3,000,000 laBt yeai, and paid $1,200,000 in 

The Secret 

of the universal success of 
Brown's Iron Bitters is sim- 
ply this : It is the best Iron 
preparation ever made ; is 
compounded on thoroughly 
scientific, chemical and 
medicinal principles, and 
does just what is claimed for 
it — no more and no less. 

By thorough and rapid 
assimilation with the blood, 
it reaches every part of the 
system, healing, purifying 
and strengthening. Com- 
mencing at the foundation 
it builds up and restores lost 
health — in no other way can 
lasting benefit be obtained. 

yy Dearborn Ave., Chicago, Nov. 7. 
1 have been a great sufferer from 
a very weakstomach, heartburn, and 
dyspepsia in its worst form. Nearly 
"everything I ate gave me distress, 
and 1 could eat but little. I have 
tried every thingrecommended, have 
taken the prescriptions of a dozen 
physicians, butgot no relief until I 
took Brown's Iron Bitters. I feci 
none of the old troubles, and am a 
new man. I am getting much 
stronger, and feel first-rate. I am 
a railroad engineer, and now make 
my. trips regularly. I can not say 
too much in praise of your wonder- 
ful medicine. ' D. C. Mack. 

Brown's Iron Bitters 
does not contain whiskey 
or alcohol, and will not 
blacken the teeth, or cause 
headache and constipation. 
It will cure dyspepsia, indi- 
gestion, heartburn, sleep- 
lessness, dizziness, nervous 
debility, weakness, &c. 

Use only Brown's Iron Bitters made by 
Brown Chemical Co., Baltimore. Crossed 
red lines and trade-mark on wrapper. 


lipf r l|llii^|||i\ fii 


. r, ^^_s''" !:.. .■ ''■ J ■ 1 ~i7,, WJ M«jau 1 r-- ■ — --y- 

. *iip«ifiiiiS5Si 
m— rT , V ~ 

ivifiiD i_ro-E:D pkices. 
1— 10X14 Single. 1— 8X12 Double. 


47 and 49 Fremont St., - - - • SAN FRANCISCO. 


Bought and Sold for INVENTORS, 
and handle 1 in UNlTED STATES 
and LUKOPE. 

Patents made for 

Profitable Investments in ViTuablt 

Capitalists by 


Room 14. 320 California St. (over Wills St Fargos 

Tbe Pacific Coast offers a good market lor useful In- 

Should con- 
sult DEWEY 
& CO. , Amer- 
ican add Foreign Patest Solicitors, for obtaining: Pat- 
ents and Caveats. Established in 1S60. Their long ex- 
perience as journalists an I large practice as patent attor- 
neys enables them to offer PaciSc Coast inventory far bet- 
ter service than they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free 
circulars of information. Office of the Miraa and 
Soumtifio Press and Pacific Bdral Press, No. 262 Mar- 
ket St.. S. RV Elevator. 12 Front St 

California Inventors 



■ r^ItlpAY Ybu)702 CHESTNUTS PHILA^ .« 

yiipipg apd Other Copipaife 

Persons Interested in incorporations will 
do well to recommend tbe publication 
of the official notices of tbeir companiee 
in tms paper, as the cheapest appropriate 
medium for advertising. 



Silver King Mining Company 

San Franoeco, January 2, 1S83. 
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above- 
named Company, held this day, a Dividend (No. 87) o f 
twenty-five cents (25c.) jer share was declared, payable 
on MONDAY, January 15. 1883, at the office of the Com. 
pany, Room 19, No. 328 Montgomery Street, San Fran- 
cisco, Cali'ornia. Transfer books will close January 6, 

1833, at 12 M. 

JOSEPH NASH, Secretary. 



Northern Belle Kill & Mining Company. 

San Francisco, January 10, 1883. 
At a meeting of tbe Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held ibis day, Dividend No. 3S, of fifty 
cents (50c) per share, was declared, payable on Monday, 
January 15, 1833. Transfer books closed on Thursday, 
January 11, 1833, at^3 o'clock p. m. 

WM. WILI , Secretary. 
^OFFICE— Room Ne. 29, Nevada Block, No. 309 Mont- 
gomery Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Gould & Curry Silver Mining Company 


Levied January 10, 1883 

Delinquent February 15, 1883 

Day o( Sale March S, 1883 

Amount per Share Fifty Cents 

Office— Riom 69, Neva a Block, 309 Montgomery St. 



Standard Consolidated Mining Company. 

San Francisco, January 2, 1883 
At a meeting- of the Board of Directors of the above* 
named company, held this day, Dividend No. 50, o» 
twenty five cents (25c.) per share, was declared, payable 
on Friday, January 12, 1SS3, at the cfHce in this city, or 
at the FarmerB' Loan and Trust Company in New York. 
WM. WILLIS, Secretary. 
OFI ICE— Room 29, Nevada Block, No. 309 Mont- 
gomery St., San Francisco, Cal. 



Navajo Mining Company. 

San Francisco, January 3, 1883. 
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held this day, Dividend No. 5, of twenty- 
five cents (25c.) per share, was declared, payable on Fri- 
day, January 12, 1S83. Transfer books closed on Satur- 
day, January 6, 1883, at 12 o'clock M. 

J. W. PEW, Secretary. 
OFFICE— Room 15, No. 310 Pine St., San Eruncisco, 



Bulwer Consolidated Mining Company. 

San Francisco, December 26, 1882. 

At a meeting of tbe Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held this day, Dividend No. 14, of five 
cents (5c.) per share, was declared, payable on Friday, 
January 12, 18S3. Transfer books closed on Tuesday, 
January 2, 1883, at 3 o'clock p. M. This dividend is pay- 
able at the Farmers* Loan and Trust Company in New 
York on all Btock issued there, and at the office in this 
city on all stock issued here. WM. WILLI J, Sec'y. 

OFFICE— Room 29, Nevada Block, No. 309 Mont- 
gomery St., San Francisco, Cal. 

San Francisco Savings Union 

532 California Street, cor. Webb. 

For tbe half year ending with December 31, 1882, a 
Dividend has been declared at the rate of four and thirty- 
two one-hundredth (1.32) per cent, per annum on term 
deposits and three ard sixty one-hundredths (3 60) per 
cent, per annum on ordinary deposits, free of Federaj 
tax, payable on and after Wednesday, January 17, 1883. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 

?For the half year ending December 31st, 11882, the 
Board of Directors of THE GERMAN SAVINGS AND 
LOAN SOCIET Y has declared a dividend on Term De- 
posits al the rate of four and tbirtj-two one-hundredtl a 
(4 32-100) per cent, per annum, and on Ordinary Depos- 
its at the rate of three and six-tenths (3 C 10) per cent, 
per annum, free from Federal Taxes, and payable on and 
after tbe 2nd day of January, 1S83. By order, 

GEO. LETTE, Secretary. 

January 13, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 



EDWARD A. KIX, Agent, 

47 and 49 Fremont Street, 


San Francisco, Cal. 







1 to 100 Borae Poser. 

Mining Water Wheel 


Water Buckets, 




One Home can easily h-ist over 1,000 pound* at a depth of 500 t« I The whim 
Ih mainly built of wrought iron. The hol*tlng-drum ia thrown out of g6U \>y the 
levir, while the load fa held in place with a brake by the mau tending ih.< 
bucket. The standard of the whim la bolWd to bed-tlmbetF, thua avoiding all frame 
work. When required theae whims %r« made in auctions to pack on mule*. 



765 Mission Street, S. F. 


the nm & PLACE 

Have Removed from 323 and. 325 
Marlcet Street, to 


Geologl t and Mining EnsrineEr. 

Reports on mines fuml&hed; Estimates of Machinery, 
etc. Spcciil aUenlhn paid to the exunination of mines 
in Mexico, California, Arz > t . and New Thirty 
yiars in ihe mines of the above States. 

81 Hll'.M ESPASiOLA! 

Direct care t^ild office, or SANTA CRUZ, CAL. 


Rcom No 22, Stock Exchange, S. F. 

Plans and Specficationa furnished for HfdBting, Pump- 
ing, Mill, Milling and other Mac-bin >.r . Machinery in- 
spected and erected. 








14 6 IS WATER, ST., BUOOXLYN, N. "If. 

■ ■ ft I W\ Good land that will raise a crop even 
I H nl 1 1 ^ ear * 0vor 12 ' tl0 ° a cros (or sale in lots to 
11 111 I I suit. Climate healthy. No drouths, bad 
LV II I W floods, nor malaria. Wood and watei 
convenient. U. S. Title, perfect. Send stamp (or IUub 
trated ciroular, to EDWARD PRISBIE, Proprietor of 

RaaiUnp Ro.7>(?h. A'nH«r«roi. P'on.t.* fWintv. fT*l 


United States, State and Territorial Mining Lawn, 
and Land Office Regulations; Digest of Land Office 
nnd Court Decisions; List of Patents Issued, and Dr. Ray- 
mond's Glossary, with Forms for Mechanics' Liens, Loca- 
tion Notices, etc. 

Price, postpaid, in paper, 50 cts ; in cloth, @1.25. 
Sold by DEWEY & CO., S. F. 


Manufacturer of 

Tustin's Pulverizer 



From 2 to 50-Horse Power Engines for steam Yachts, Improved Hoisting Enginep, Engines for pumping arteBian wells 
and Lrrigatijguntl farming purposes, and all kinds of Machinery. 

Repairing Promptly Attended to. 

Superior Wood and Metal Engrav- 

ing, Electrotyplug and Stereotyp- 

_ ing done at the office of UioMining 

«n> Soihntipio PRBBH. San Francisco, at favorable- ratiB 


Sy Telephone. —Subscriber 8 , advertisers and other 
patrons of this office can address orders, or make appoint- 
ments with the proprietors or agents by telephone, as vs 
aw connected with the central system in San Francisco. 


The Tustln Windmill Horse-pow^r and 

Pumping Machine Works. 
308 Mission Street, S. F., Cal. 

By W. I. TUSTIN, Inventor and Patentee. 



Fourteen Years' practical experience, des'res an en 



Address, " S. " 766 Eryant Street, S. P. 


One-fifth of a valuablo Gold Mine in Arizona for sale. 
Ledge four feet wide, and shaft seventy feet down in ore 
all the way. Piice Sir. 000— to be U8ed only in develop- 
ng the mine. Address, 

C. D. T. t IOC 3 Deviesdero Street, 

San Francis co, Cal. 


Room with steam power to ]et in the 
Pacific Power Co.'b new brick building, 
Stevenson street, near Market. Eleva- 
tor in building. Apply at the Com- 
pany's office, 314 California street. 


Clean Concentrations wanted. A party from the EaBt 
having n process for working Sulphurous, will 
commence purchasing the same as soon as assured of an 
abundant supply. Gold-bearing Sulphurcts preferred, 
having an assay value of §20 per ton, or upwards. 

A. B. WATT, P. O. Box, 2293, San Francisco. 


An Iron Mine of three claims consolidated, situated 

two and a half miles from Ruiherford, on N. V. R. R. 

Contains very large body of high grade ore, samples tf 

which may be seen at this office. For parlu-uinra address, 


St. Helena, N:»pa Co. , Cal. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 1883 

lyoji and JVIachijie tyofc 


Manufacturers and Repairers of all kinds of 


Hoisting and Mining Machinery, 
Portable, Stationary and Marine Engines. Bialiop'a Min- 
ing Pump Apparatus and C. H. Baker's New 
' Mining Horse-Power a specialty. 
232 & 224 Fremont Street, San Francisco, 
Between Howard and Folsom, 

Oakland Iron Works. 

We are now prepared to do all kinds of 

Heavy and Light Castings and Machinery. 

Marine and Stationery Engines, Rock Breakers, Stamp 
Milla, Pumping Machinery, Donkey Engines, etc. 


This COKE is exclusively used by Prof. Thomas Price, in his assay office, by the Selby 
Smelting and Lead Co., Prescott, Scott & Co., Eisdon Iron and Locomotive Works and others in 
this city. Large supplies are regularly forwarded to consumers in Salt Lake and Nevada, to the 
Copper Queen Mining Co., Longfellow Copper Mining Co. and other consumers in Arizona. 

The undersigned are in receipt of regular supplies from Cardiff, Wales, and offer the COKE 
for sale in quantities to suit purchasers. 


316 California St., San Francisco. 

Good Faculties for Shipping on Cars. 

Works Located Cor. Second and Jefferson 
Streets, Oakland. 





Kinds of Machinery for Mining Purposes. 

Flouring Mills, Saw Mills and Quartz Mills Machinery 

constructed, fitted up and repaired. 

Front Street, Between N and O Streets, 


Golden State & Miners iron Works, 

Manufacture Iron Castings and Machinery 

of all Kinds at Greatly Reduced Bates. 


Golden State Pressure Blowers. 

First St.. between Howard & Folsom, S. F. 

California Brass Foundry, 

No. 125 First Street, Opposite Minna. 


All kindfl of Brass, Composition, Zinc, and Babbitt 
Metal Castings, Brass Ship Work of all kinda, Spikes, 
Sheathing Nails, Rudder Braces, Hinges, Ship and Steam- 
boat Bells and Gongs of superior tone. All kinda of Cocks 
and Valves, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles, and Hose Coup- 
lings and Connections of all sizes and patterns, furnished 
with dispatch. ^PRICES MODERATE. *©& 


California Machine Works, 

WXtt. H. BIRCH, 

Engineer and Machinist, 

119 Beale Street, San Francisco. 

Portable and Double Sawmills, Steam Euj*ines, Flour. 

Quartz and Mini Dg Machinery. Erudic's Patent Rock Crusher 


No. 1 Crusher, 4 tons per hour 8150.00 

" 2 " 6 " " " 625.00 

'■ 3 " 3 " " " 925.00 

" " ISOOlhs " " 150.00 

The Best Crusher in the Market and at the Lowest Prices. 
Power, Hydraulic Ram or Cylinder Elevators, Hand Power 
Hoists, for sidewalks any purpose, Saw Arbors and Mill 
Fittings. Repairing promptly attended to 


Of all sizes— from 2 to 60-Horse power. Also, Quartz 
Mills, Mining Pumps, Hoisting Machinery, Shafting, Iron 
Tanks, etc. For sale at the lowest prices by , 

J. HENDY, 49 and 61 Fremont Street, S. F. 





and 131 Beale St., between Mission and Howard, S. F. 


Mock Shaft Lantern, 

Improved, Strong and Re- 

In General Cs< on the 

For eale at wholesale by 

Hollffoot, Morrill & Stetson, 

3^ Cor. Beale & Market Sta., 

Berry & Place Machine Go. 

' PARKE & LACY, Proprietors. 

No. 8 California Street, 

San Francisco, 


Importers and Dealers in every 
Variety of 


Wood and Iron Working Machinery, 


p-. Stationary. Portable nnd Hoisting* Engines and Boilers 
53 Sawmills, Shingle Mills, Emery wheels and Grind- 
ers. Gardner Governors, Planer Knives, Sand 
Paper in Rolls, together -with a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies, includ- 
ing Leather Belting, Rubber Belt- 
ing Packing and Hose. 
I3T Catalogues furnished on Application. JB$ 





Office, 61 First St. | Cop. First & Mission Sts., S. F. | p. o. Box 2128. 



Agents of the Cameron Steam Pump. 

Home Industry.— All Work Tested and Guaranteed. 

Vertical Engines, Baby Hoists, Stamps, 

Horizontal Engines, Ventilating Fans, Pans, 

Automatic Cut-off Engines, Rock Breakers, Settlers, 

Compound Condensing Engines, Self-Feeders, Retorts 

Shafting, Pullets, Etc., Etc. 

Send for Late Circulars. PRESCOTT, SCOTT & CO. 

"William Hawkins. 



210 and 212 Beale Street, bet. Howard and Folsom Sts., - - San Francisco. 

Manufacturer of 


for mining and other purposes. 

Also of the HAWKINS' PATENT ELEVATOR HOIST, lor Hotels, 'Warehouses 
and Public Buildings. 

Steam Engines and all Kinds of Mill and Mining Machinery. 

Corner Beale and Howard Sts., 



Builders of Steam Machinery 

In all its Branches, 

Steamboat, Steamship, Land 

Engines and Boilers, 


STEAM VESSELS, of all kinds, built complete with 
Hulls of Wood, Iron or Composite. 

ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad- 

STEAM LAUNCHES, Barnes and Steam Tugs con- 
structed with reference to the Trade In which they are 
to he employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water 

STEAM BOILERS. Particular attention given to 
the quality of the material and workmanship, and;none 
but firBt-class work produced. 

MACHINERY made after the most approved plans. 
Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith. 

WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any size 
made in suitable lengths for connecting together, or 
sheets rolled, punched, and packed for Bhipment ready 
to be riveted on the ground. 

Water Pipe made by this establishment, riveted by 
Hydraulic Riveting Machinery, that quality ol work 
being far superior to hand work. 

SHIP "WORK. Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam 
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made after the 
most approved plans. 

PUMPS. Direct Acting Pumps, for Irrigation or City 
Water Works purposes, built with the celebrated Davy 
Valve Motion, superior to any other Pump. 

Colorado Iron Works, 




Our manufactures of min 
ing machine' y embrace 
every kind of machine and 
appliance for the miuing 
and reduction of ores. 

We have had an expe- 
rience of more than twenty 
years in the manufacture 
and practical operation of 
mining machinery in Color- 
ado and the neighboring 
States and Territories. 

Our facilities are superior 
to those of any manufac- 
tory in the West, our work3 
having beeu recently re- 
built, greatly enlarged and 
completely equipped. 

We invite the investiga- 
tion of mine owners and 
mill men seeking machin- 
ery. We can furnish, on 
board, at our works, or sit 
up at the mines anywhere 
in the Rocky Mountain re- 
gion, on short notice, the 


following machinery: 
Cornish Pumps, Steam 
Pumps, Scamp Mills for 
Wet or Dry crushing, Pans, 
Settlers, Agitators, Retorts, 
Bullion and Ingot Moulds, 
Reverberatory FurnaceB, 
Bruckner Cylinders. Revolv- 
ing Roasting Furnaces and 
Dryers, Melting Furnaces, 
Concentrating Machinery, 
Rolls. Crushers, Conveyors 
aud Elevators, Ore Sam- 
plers and Grinders, Hoist- 
ing Engines, Water Jacket 
Fui nacep, Slag Pots and 
Cars, Lead Pots aud Ladles, 
Blast Pipes and Water 
=£=, Tuyeres, Blowers, Cupel- 
' '-- la, ion Furnaces, Market 
s Kettles, Wire Rope. Cages, 
.Buckets, Skips, Ore Cars.etc. 
Estimates furnished and 
trices quoted on anpli r a- 
tion. Send for illustrated 

P. O. Box, 1921, 


Denver, Colorado. 


FROM 1-4 TO 10,000 lbs. WEIGHT. 

Truo to pattern, sound and solid, of unequaled strength, toughness and 

An invaluable substitute for forgings or cast-iron requiring three-fold 

Gearing of all kinds, Shoes, Dies, Hammerheads. CrossheadB for Loco- 
motives, etc. 

15,000 Crank Shafts and 10.000 Gear Wheels of this Steel now running 
prove its suiRnimitv ovtr other Sti'd Castings. 


Circulars and Price Lists free. Address 


Works, f IIESTEU. 1-a. 401 Library St., PHILADELPHIA 



Quartz Mill, 


1 to 8 Tons 

In 24 Hours, According 
to Sizb. 

mi lionu, 

Sole Manufacturers, 

217, 219 and 221 
Fremont Street, 

tarsend for Circular. 


Bought and Sold for INVENTORS, 
and handled in UNITED STATES 
and EUROPE. 

Profitable Investments in Valuable Patents made [or 
Capitalists by 


503 California Street (Dear Montgomery) 

The Pacific Coast offarB a good market for UEeful In- 

AnpA/tpA of pay and bounty to Union Soldiers re- 
I I CCli a parted on the rolls as deserters, Act of 
August 7th, 1882. 

PpflClftRQ fl " a '* so 'diers disabled in line and dis- 
rClfolUllo charee of dutv. either bv accident or 

charge of duty, either by accident or 

WwlUUVVS discharged from any cause due their mi'i- 
tary service, are entitled to PeuBion. 

PflTPntQ In cases where the soldier died, leaving 
F til Cilia neither wife nor children, the parents 
are entitled to pensioD. 

Rftlintv Thousands of soldiers are yet entitled to 
DUUIliy. bounty. Send for blanks and Bee if you 
have received all due you. 

nietharnac Honorable Discharges procured; al- 
UlObllOll yc5. so duplicates. Send for blanks. 

lnCrCciSG Of rfinSIOn. doners are now en- 
titled to increase. Send for blank and we will advise you. 

Address, with two three-cent stamps, 


Washington. D. C. 

Box 623- 

January I 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


? H. P. GREGORY & CO., 

Importers and Dealers in Machinery and Supplies. 

Th« KOTtboft Injector 
rhcapMt and beat In tuc. 
own water. *>ot or cold, r 
varying pressure. Send 

ti the simplest, 

Will ilnft it* 

and feed BDdar 




Fay & Co., Wood Working Ma- 

Bement & Son's Machinists 

Blake's Steam Pomps. 

Perry's Centrifugal Pnmps, 

Gould's Hand k Power Pumps. 

Perrin's Hand Saw Blades. 

Payne's Vertical and Horizontal 
BteUD Engines. 

Williamson Bros. Hoisting En- 

New Haven Machine Co.'s Ma- 
chinists' Tools. 

Otto Silent Gas Engines. 


Blowers and Ex- 

Uii.\K>-'. BTKAM PUMP. 
More Tlmii It* 000 In Cue. 


Engines of 




Judson's Steam Governors. 
Pickering's Steam Governors. 
Tauite Co. Emory Wheels. 
Nathan & Dreyfus' Oilers. 
Korting's Injectors and Ejec- 

Disston's Circular Saws. 

New York Belting &. Packing 
Co.'s Rubber Belting, Hose, 
Packing, etc. 

Ballard's Oak Tanned Leather 




Sporting, Cannon, Mining, Blasting and 


HERCULES POWDER will break more rock, is stronger, safer and better than any other 
Explosive in use, and is the only Nitro-Glycerine Powder chemically compounded to neutralize 
the poisonous fumes, notwithstanding bombastic and pretentious claims by others. 

It dorives lt« name from HlRCrLra, the most famous lioro of Greek Mythology, who was crifted with superhuman 

strength. On one occasion ho slew several giants who opposed nim, and with one blow of 

his club broke a high mountain from Hummit to base. 

No. 1 (XX) is the Strongest Explosive Known. 
No. 2 is superior to any powder of that grad e. 




Office, No. 230 California Street 

San Francisco, Cal. 



t'or working Hat 
mines that 
have no dump. 

Sluices gravel and 
water up hill on an 
angle of 45°, and 
will run any Kind of 
gravel that will run 
in a Hume. Handles 

rocks as easy as fine dirt, and will raise as much material as the water will carry off in a Hume 
oa G grade to 12 feet. 

No bedrock cuts, tunnels or drains required Machine a sufficient drain itself, and the 
process of mining the same as any other hydraulic mine. Is now a practical success in various 
places in California and Oregon. Send for desurif. live circular to 


No. 51 Fremont Street, Office of the Hydraulk Gravel Elevating Mining Co.,S. F. 



National Iron Works, 

Northwest Cor. Main and Howard £ts., San Francieco, 





The most economical and successful process now in use. Will warrant my Plates to save more gold than any 
other method, and double the amount of tho same surface of ordinary copper plates. The only plates that have 
proved durable and satisfactory. 



San Francisco Gold, Silver and Nickel Plating Works, 

653 and 665 Mission St., bet. New Montgomery and Third, San Francisco. 

Awarded the First Premium at every Fair of the Mechanics' Institute for the last 12 Yours. 

Pacific Rolling Mill Co., 





Car and Locomotive Axles and Frames, and Hammered Iron of Every Description. 


JW Orders Solicited and Promptly Executed. 

Office. No. 202 Market St.. UNION BlOOK. 



At Greatly Reduced Prices. 


Stationary and Compound Engines, Flour, Sugar, Quartz and Saw Mills. Ai alga 

mating Macmnes. 


Sole Manufacturers of Kendall's Patent Ouartz Mills. 


A. C. "WELLS & CO., Patentees, 
Market St. Manchester, Eng. 


Adoptedln the English tiuvtin- 
ment and finest Railway Works 
ami Steamship CompBnioa in tho 


Entirely superseding tin 
goods, as they Don't 
Leak ! or Break I 

Cast in first two year.-, 
supeiseding all others. 

Ask your Fur- 
nisher to get you 


AgentB wanted in all pn ' t 
Liheral Terms. 

In writing p'easc mention 

W.R. ALLEN & CO.. 


Iron Pipe and Fittings, 
Lift and Force Pumps, 
Brass Cocks and Valves, 

For Steam, Water and Gas, 

Sheet Zinc, Iron Sinks, 
Plumbers'. Goods. 


Nos.' 327 and 329 Market Street, Cor. Fremont, S. F. 

Sole "Who'eFaleiAgents for the United Slates, 

FAINE, EIEHL CO., 140 Chesnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



The Best Low Grade Explosive in the market. Superior to Black or Judson Powder. 


The best Nitro-Glycerine Powders uranuf ac' ured. Having secured large lots of the 
hu*t imported I'.lycerine at low prices, wv are prepared to otter the mining pulilic the 
very strongest, most uniform and best Nitro-Clycerine Powder at the very Lowest 


Vulcan B B Powder (in Kegs or Cases) is TJnequaled 

Cor Bank Blasting? and Railroad Work. 

Caps and Fuse of all Grades at Bottom Rates. 

The Central and Southern Pacific Railroads Use Vulcan Pon- 
der and no Other. 

Vulcan Powder Co., 218 California St., S. F. 






and Other Machine Tools, 


Wheel Cutting to Order. 
SAN FRANCISCO TOOL CO., - - 21 Stevenson St., S. F. 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 13, 1S8 

Mining Machinery Depot, 

2 1 and 23 Fremont Street. S. F. 



With Adiustable Cut-off Poppet Valve Engine, and Forced Iron Crank. Shafts. 


Absolute certainty in the action of the valves at any speed. Perfect delivery of the air at any 
speed or pressure. The heating of the air entirely prevented at any pressure. Takes less water to 
cool the air than any other Compressor. 

Power applied to the "best advantage. Access obtainable to all the valves by removing air chest 
covers. Entire absence of springs or friction to open or shut the valves. No valve stems to break 
and drop inside of cylinders. 

Have no back or front heads to break. The only Machine that makes a perfect diagram. No 
expensive foundations required. Absolute economy in first cost and after working. 

Displacements in air cylinder perfect. Showing less leakage and friction than our competitors 
and a superior economy of about 20 per cent. 

Small Sizes made in Sections not to Exceed 300 lbs. 

1850. 1882. 


127 First St., San Francisco, Cal. 



Plants for Gold and Silver Mills, embracing the latest 
audniost improved machinery and processes for * ase anc 
free ores. Water Jacket Smelting 1 Furnaces for stiver, 
lead and copper ores, with new and important improve- 
ments, superior to aDy other make. Hoisting Works, 
Pumping Machinery, Chloridizing Furnaces, etc. V.V. 
offer our customers the best results of thirty years' expe- 
rience in this spec ; al Hue of work, and are prepared to 
furnish the most approved character of Mining- aud Re- 
duction Machinery, superior in design and construction 
to that of any other make, at the lowest possible prices. 
We also contract to deliver, in complete running 1 order, 
Mills, Furnaces, Hoisting Works, etc., in any of the 
Mining States and Territories. Estimates given on ap- 
plication. Send for illustrated circular. 


Dealer in Leonard & EIIib' Celebrated 

$1,000 CHALLENGE! 



The Be^t and Cheapest. 

These Superior Oils camwt be purchased through dealer, 
and are sold direct to comamcr only by H. H. BROMLEY, 
sole deal-r in these goods. 

Reference— An? first-class Engine or Machine Bu'lder in 
America. Address, 43 Sacramento St„ S. F. 




Penryn, Placer County, - CALIFORNIA. 

The Granite Stone from the Penryu and Roeklii Quar- 
ries was declared by experts at the Philadelphia Centen- 
nial Exposition lo be the 

Best in the United States. 


In Blub, Gray and Black shades, supplied to order on 
ebort notice. Address, 

Penryn, Placer Co., Cal. 


— OR— 


Over 400 are now in use, giving entire satisfaction. Saves from 40 to 100 per cent, more than any other Con- 
centrator in use, and concentrations are clean from the first working. The wear and tear are merely nominal. 

A machine can be seen m working order, and ready to make teats, at the office of Hinckley, Spiers & Hayes, 220 
Fremont Street. 

To those intending to manufacture or purchase the so-called "Triumph" Concen- 
trator, we herewith state: 

That legal advice has been given thit all skalcing motion applied to an endless traveling belt used for concen- 
tration of ores is an infringement on patents held and owned by the Frue Vanning Machine Company. 

That suit has been commenced in New York against an end-shake machine similar to the Triumph, and that as 
soon as decision is reached in the courts there, proceedings will be taken against all Western infringements. 

That the patent laws make users of infringements responsible as well as makers, and the public is therefore 
warned that there is considerable risk in purchasing aDy end-shake machine until our various patents have been 

That if there are those who for any reason prefer an end-3hake machine, we can manufacture and sell to such a 
machine of that description, as efficient as the Triumph, and at a lower price, and no liability for infringement will 
then be incurred by the purchaser. 

That we shall protect ourselves agaiDst any one making, selling or using any machine infringing any of our 
patents. Patented July 9, 1867; May 4, 1S69; Dec. 22, 1874; Sept. 2, 1879; April 27, 1880. Patents applied for. 

That we are, and have been, ready at any time, to make a competitive trial against the Triumph, or any other 
machine, for stakes of §1,000. 

ADAMS & CARTER, Agents Frue Vanning Machine Company, 

Room 7. 109 California Street, 
Nov. 6 1882 







Orders may be addressed to us at any of the fol- 
lowing places, at each of which we carry a stock. 


Nos. 2 and i California Street. 


No. « Front Street. 


Nos. 152 and 164 Lake Street. 
And 40 Franklin Street. 


No. 209 North Third Street 


Nos. 811 to 819 North Second Street. 


25, 27. 29 and 31 Main St.. 

Bet. Market and Mission, near Ferries, San Francisco, 

— and — 

187 Front St., Portland, Oregon 





On the Ppcific Coast, and 


For the following 

Celebrated Specialties: 

Albany Lubricating Com- 
pound and Cnpg, 

Albany Cylinder Oil and 
Sight Drop Cylinder Lu- 

Albany Spindle Oil, 

Genuine West Virginia Lu- 
bricating Oil. 

3®"Ihe above can he gotten from us or our AGENTS 


Two Gold, one Copper and one Antimony, for CASH 
CUSTOMERS. Mines will be as good as sold if first-class 
and accompanied with favorable Reports from Experts of 
known refutation. No PROSPECTS wanted, and no 
mine withou t an Expert Report will be entertained. 
Apply in person or by letter to 

45Merchant'sExcaange.San Fiancieco, Cal. 

Ihis paper is printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charle3 Eneu Johnson & Co., 609 
South lOKi St., Philadelphia. Branch Offi- 
ces— 47 Rose St., ICew York, and 40 La Salle 
St., Chicago. Agent for the Pacific Coast— 
Joseph H. Dorety, 529 Commercial St., S. F; 

An Illustrated Journal of Mining, 

tor &clenc& 

BY X>I2W*:Y A CO., 

I'll l.ll-ll*'!--. 


Humber 3. 

The Heald & Morris Engine 

ISdward A. i ; i x , "t 47 and I!' Pramont street, 
in tin- city, baa the agency "f the upright and 
horizontal engines of Heald & Morris, These 
.in . tti.i.-iit.l'iw priced and economically worked 
engines. All work ol a showy and ornamental 
nature, which" enters largely into tl»- ooete "t 
: ally, all complicated and expensive 
mechanisms for operating the valves, etc., have 
been practically dispensed with. These things 
add greatly to the cost, and us engines of this 
class pass largely into the hands "f those quite 
inexperienced in their attendance, it is abso- 
lutely necessary that complicated mechanism 

should In- avoided ii« fill' a- possible. 

As will 1"' seen Erom the engraving, these l-u- 
ginee are of a somewhat novel yet graceful de- 
sign, giving in the highest degree; for the weight 
of material used, and which is ample for nil con- 
tingencies, that strength and rigidity of parts 
essential to durability ami economy in 
wear, anil freedom from vibration and 
when in rapid motion. 

The working strain acting on a line 
through the center is self-contained, 
rendering it practically impossible for 
tl,. in ever to lie ne out of line. Re- 
quiring a very small tloor space, they 
are more compactly built than any 
horizontal engines of equal power, 
and from shortness of stroke and great 
strength of parts, admit of a high rate 
of speed. 

The cylinder is steam-jacketed, with 
steam chest on bottom, giving per- 
fect and instant drainage, and all cast 
in one piece. The piston is packed 
with self-adjusting inside and outside 
metallic rings. The valve is simple 
and inexpensive in construction. It 
is as perfectly balanced as one run- 
ning in a horizontal position can be 
made, ami requires the minimum of 
power for its operations. It exhausts 
through its center into the heater, 
giving no pressure on steam chest 
covers nor leakage at any point. 

The feed pump is simple and dura- 
ble; accessible in case of stoppage by simply 
loosening one nut and without disconnecting 
pipes. The water heater is a separate part, and 
so attached as to have no effect from its expan- 
sion and contraction on other parts, and has 
perfect drainage. The engines are furnished 
with best make of governor, and can be set to 
make the engine run at any speed desired. 

The crank shaft, connecting rod and shafts, 
are of the best forged iron. Anti-friction metal 
is used for the shaft boxes and bronze metal 
boxes for both ends of the connecting rod. The 
cross-head is of steel with steel wrist and bronze 
metal gibs adjustable to wear. The piston 
rod is of steel, and all the material and fittings 
are as perfect as mechanical skill and good fa- 
cilities can give. All parts are made in dupli- 
cate, so that worn out or broken parts may be 
readily and cheaply supplied. 

There are five sizes of the Heald & Morris 
horizontal engines sold, from an 8xS to a 14x12. 
The engraving shows the "Reliable," which is 
* made from 20 to 45-horse power, with cylinder 
10 inches in diameter and 10 inches stroke, and 
a 53-inch fly-wheel. This engine weighs 2,800 
pounds. It requires a foundation seven feet by 
two feet, and a floor space over all of eight feet 
four inches by four feet six inches. This is ex- 
treme measurement over all projecting parts, 
including wheels, pipes, pulleys, etc. 

Academy of Sciences. 

At the last meeting of the Academy of Sci- 
ences Prof. Davidson presided and there was a 
large attendance. Prof. Hitchcock, of Dart, 
mouth College, who has since sailed for the 
Hawaiian Islands, addressed the Academy on 
tin- subject of "Glacial Moraines." He said an 
examination of the distribution of moraines had 
prompted an inquiry as to whether they were 
deposited by glaciers or icebergs. In his opin- 
ion, they are clearly the work of glaciers, and 
icebergs have in certain localities simply supple- 
mented their work. Late observations now en- 
able us to decide the positions of these great 
terminal moraines. Their extreme eastern 
boundary is oft' the island of Xantucket, and 
they extend, with occasional interruptions, when 
cut away by streams traversing them, below 
Long Island, Staten Island, through New' Jer- 
sey, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, con- 

and clay were formed by high-water rivers, re- 
sulting from melting ice, and prove conclusively 
tlie claims of glacial theorists. Some such tor- 
races, remaining as steps, must have enclosed 
rivers 200 ft. deep at such times. Along the 
line of the Northern Paoific railroad in Idaho 
and Montana these successive terrace forma- 
tions are developed on a magnificent scale. They 
are exceedingly interesting as bearing on the an- 
tiquity of the human race, for mi these high ter- 
races are found flint arrow-heads, obsedianspear 
heads and the remains of early man. 

He thought there could be no doubt, that man 
lived as far back as the ice period. It was at 
first supposed by early glacial investigators that 
all glaciers originated at the poles and worked 
their way toward the equator. This theory is 
now untenable, for we can locate the various ice 
centers on this continent whence these glacial 
flows have proceeded, and this has also been 
done in Europe. In the center of our continent 


tinning to an indefinite distance toward the 
northwest. This general outline traces the ex- 
treme terminal moraines, but many others ex- 
ist within the outer circle at different irregular 
points formed by the ice boundaries, varied by 
the difference in seasons. 

Another large glacial area is bounded by a 
point beginning on British territory, extending 
through Montana, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, 
and forming a loop parallel to Lake Michigan 
and Lake Erie; thence down to Long Island, 
and off Cape Cod, whence it extends off into 
the Atlantic ocean. In the ice age the country 
stood higher out of the water than now, hence 
some of these moraines are now submerged un- 
der the ocean. Fishermen engaged in our At- 
lantic coast fisheries bring in great numbers of 
tertiary .fossils, brought up from the shoals off 
the eastern coast of the United States and Nova 
Scotia. The large glaciers of the great glacial 
period were thousands of feet in thickness. The 
very large ketttle holes worn by the erosion of 
bowlders throughout the northwest portions of 
the continent belong to this general system of 
terminal moraines. Eratic bowlders are dis- 
tributed over the country, having been trans- 
ported by moving glaciers on their surface, with- 
out abrasion from contact with the surface. He 
said many claimed that terraces of gravel, sand 

there existed at least three pre-historie lakes of 
great magnitude, which were recently named 
for purposes of identification. Lake Bonneville 
was as large as the Territory of Utah, and is 
said to have been the result of melted glaciers. 
Lake La Hontaine was another glacial lake be- 
tween the Sierra Nevada and Rocky mountains. 
Lake Agassiz was a similar lake in Minnesota, 
w r hose extreme southern part was once the source 
of Red river. These three lakes, long since 
drained and dry, were glacial lakes. 

Mr. J. G. Lemmon read a paper describing 
the native potato of Arizona. This paper we 
shall refer to in a future number. 

Annual Mining Review.— We shall publish 
next week a double edition of the Mining and 
Scientific Press containing our "Annual Min- 
ing Review." There will be a good deal of in- 
teresting matter hi this edition for the miners 
of the coast, each of whom should have a copy. 
The statistics of production, so far as gathered, 
will be printed, and the number will be es- 
pecially valuable for reference. 

Congressman Rosecrans says that the 
Ways and Means Committee have admitted be- 
ing in error in putting boracic acid on the free 
list, and they will change their recommendation 
on the subject, 

Expenses of Mining Companies. 

Jt was a wise conclusion that tin; Presidents of 
the lo mining companies in this city came to the 
other day when they met ami resolved to re- 
duce the salaries of all officers, including their 
own, at the same time agreeing to keep the min- 
ers' wages at the present standard. 

We have often inveighed against what may 
be called the "top heavy" system of mining, 
where very high salaries were paid for officials 
who performed merely nominal duties, and 
without whom the actual work in the mine itself 
could very Well go on. It has been, however, 
to the interest of the men in charge, and having 
influence in this direction, to keep those high 
salaries running as long as possible, since they 
participated in the profits and were themselves 

Of late it has come to be recognized that peo- 
ple would have nothing to do with the stocks of 
these mines, and the occupation of 
many of these men was gone. Other 
people refused to pay assessments, 
and the stock had to be taken by the 
company, and would bring no price 
when sold again. It became evident 
that in order to restore confidence 
and keep the mines running at all, 
some popular move should be made 
to cut down expenses. Many of 
these expenses ought to have been 
cut down long since. If they had 
been, the mines would have been 
worked to a better advantage, since 
money spent on useless officers would 
have paid turners to do work in the 
mine, where money should be legiti- 
mately spent. 

It is even now, however, late as it 
is, a subject of congratulation to all 
friends of legitimate mining that the 
evils of the "top heavy system" arc 
being recognized in this city. They 
are finding out that in order to do 
anything with mines they must work 
them. It is no longer possible to 
work stocks instead of mines as for- 
merly. People will invest to a certain point and 
no further. All the dodges of the stock mar- 
ket are pretty well known, and the public has 
learned by bitter experience that then- money 
invested in this way is all the money of people 
who are probably interested on the other side. 
With the superfluous expenses cut off, and the 
ordinary ores reduced, the mines themselves 
have a better chance of getting what they need 
to be developed. It was a poor way to raise 
§100,000 by assessment, and fritter away 875,- 
000 of it in useless expenditures, the other quar- 
ter going to the mine. With the new order of 
things now going on there is a much better 
prospect for the mining interests of the coast. 

Minim: Bureau.— A bill has been introduced 
hi the Legislature looking to the better support 
of the State Mining Bureau, which will give it 
an appropriation instead of having it depend on 
the tax on mining stock certificates. It is proba- 
ble that the collection now at Sacramento will 
be removed to the Bureau here before long. 

The Pacific Iron works, Rankin, Brayton 
& Co., San Francisco, are completing at their 
Chicago shops a 30-ton galena plant for the 
Campbell Reduction and Milling Company, of 
New York, to be used ou the mines of the com- 
pany in North Carolina. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1 88 3 

Southern Nevada. 

During our trip through the southern part of 
Nevada we were surprised at the number of re- 
duction works that had been erected in the dif- 
ferent mining camps and laying idle, monu- 
ments of folly and mismanagement. If one- 
fourth the amount of capital had been expended 
in exploring the mines that has been wasted in 
erecting those expensive works, our State would 
to-day be the greatest bullion producer in the 
world. Valuable mines are lying idle, which, 
if worked on legitimate business principles, 
would be dividend payers, but useless expendi- 
tures and gross mismanagement have caused 
stockholders to refuse to contribute any further 
funds, and the mines and mills have become 
almost uninhabited, where heretofore all was 
life and bustle, and not on account of the merits 
or demerits of the mines, but simply from the 
incapacity and make all you can for yourself 
management. Nevada lias had "wild cat and 
stock jobbery" enough, while our neighboring 
mineral States are enjoying a season of pros- 
perity. Nevada is undergoing a season of dull- 
ness unparalleled in her history, and through no 
fault of her mines or mineral wealth. We be- 
lieve that our State is the best mineralized State 
or Territory in the Union, if properly worked, 
and in all our principal mining camps it has 
been proved beyond a doubt that our mineral 
veins are continued to as great a depth as in 
any other country in the world. Then why should 
so many of our mines be lying idle to-day ? Let 
any person who has been a resident of those 
camps answer the question. Is it through the 
mines giving out, or account of the poorness of 
the ore ? Can they truthfully say yes in either 
ease ? There may be some few exceptions, but 
the greater number will have to be laid to the 
incapacity of the management and useless ex- 
penditures in salaries to n on -producers. How 
many mines are there whose pay-roll for miners 
and mill men can equal the amount paid out to 
supernumeries, many of whom have never seen 
a mine and know no more about mining than a 
cow does about handling a musket. Mining 
can be made a paying business, and will pay a 
larger rate of interest on the amount invested 
than almost any other business, but must be 
conducted on the same business principles that 
any other business is conducted on. Then, and 
not till then, will our State return to its old 
time prosperity, and it should be the endeavor 
of all interested in mining and the welfare of 
the State of Nevada to do all in their power to 
encourage legitimate mining and discourage 
wildcat schemes and stock jobberies. — Letch 
Hmld. _ 

Vertigoed by the Geologists. 

This is the way that the spokesman at a 
miner's meeting in the Gibraltar mining dis- 
trict, near Casa Grande, put it: 

"Fellow miners and citizens: I am not 
Fitch, the silver tongue, nor am I Beech, the 
Plymothonian; but I am the rhetorician of 
these little hills and the vindicator of the 
miner's wrongs. Egypt had her ten plagues; 
Pharaoh was swallowed in the Dead Sea, and 
Beecher swallowed Plymouth church ; but 
greater curses are reserved for Arizona. The 
locusts from the East, having professional ap- 
pendages, are now lighting upon our mining 
camps and darkening our brightest prospects 
with their inexperience and unjust reports. 
What do strangers from the East know about o\ir 
peculiar country? They acknowledge that our 
veins and ledges are totally new to them, and the 
pitch of our hills are so peculiar that they have 
never seen a similarity of them before, and yet, 
in the face of all these assertions, they render 
an off-hand verdict on our mines with as much 
ease and gusto as if they were dining upon 
roasted turkey. They are shown some of the 
richest veins and lodes in Arizona, and yet be- 
cause two or three millions have not been ex- 
pended in tunnels, winzes and dumps, they 
turn up their facetious noses, pass sentence 
derogatory and repack their satchels for civil- 
ized Boston. The miner has said more than 
once, and still repeats it, that the capitalist 
should be the party acting in these matters; 
the book student mineralogized and metallur- 
gized let loose from the bank counters and office 
space of eastern cities are nauseated at the 
presence of an Arizona desert, and their book- 
stuffed learning and theories theoretical are 
dealt out to the hardy-fisted miner in such 
doses and pills that it seems all practical ex- 
perience was at nought and only learned men 
resided in the East. Fellow citizens, am I not 
right when I say that Arizona is sick, verti- 
goed by the professors and stupified by the 
geological geologists? (Cries of, 'Bravo! good, 
good, 'tis so, give it to 'em.') My friends, in 
the future let us place a plate, knife and fork 
at the miner's table for the reception of the 
man of means and practical business knowledge 
who will meet us half way upon reasonable 
propositions, and let us ignore and banish the 
learning that stands on hill tops and knows it 
all. (Great cheering and cries of 'We'll fix 
'em.' " — Tombstone Independent. 

Ao iiiol From CHiccoRV.—Chiccory will hardly 
lie longer made to serve as a substitue for coffee, 
if it is true that, as a European technical jour- 
nal asserts, it can be made to give an alcohol of 
a pleasant aromatic taste and great purity. 

Mexican Mining Laws. 

We republish from the Denver Tribune the 
following precis of the mining laws of Mexico, 
contributed to that journal by its intelligent 
traveling correspondent, ' 'Weaver, " written 
from the city of Chihuahua: 

"For the instruction of those of our people 
who have an eye to milling in Mexico; I have 
been at some pains to gather correct information 
as to laws governing mines. There is a differ- 
ence of opinion here between native lawyers and 
American interpreters as to the meaning of the 
mineral laws, especially that part of them which 
refers to the length of time a mine must be 
worked during each year, some claiming that a 
mine must be worked at least eight months, and 
others four months in each year. I am indebted 
to Senor Martinez del Rio, J r. , an attorney in the 
city of Mexico, for my interpretation of the min- 
ing laws. And I will preface the summary of 
them by the remark that our own mining laws 
might be greatly improved by modeling them in 
some features after the Spanish laws. These 
laws seem to be particularly adapted to the de- 
velopment of the mineral wealth of the country, 
whereas ours allow of the longest delay, and 
even of the holding of the most valuable mines 
without any production whatever. As is well 
known, Mexico was captured and held by the 
Spaniards for its mineral wealth, and the laws 
the Spanish Government enacted governing mines 
were with a view to obtaining the greatest pro- 
duction of bullion. Under the old Spanish laws, 
which are held in observation by the States of the 
Republic, the right of eminent domain in all min- 
eral whether on private or public lands, was al- 
ways reserved to the government, and no indi- 
vidual or corporation could become the owner of 
mineral, in the earth. The government grants the 
privilege of working out the mineral 
under certain fixed conditions, and when these 
conditions are violated the privilege is 
withdrawn. These conditions may be briefly 
stated as follows: The discoverer of an 
ore body of mineral denounces (claims) the dis- 
covery, and must publish or advertise his de- 
nouncement after having first established his 
boundaries. He must then sink a shaft or tun- 
nel 30 ft. on the ledge within 90 days. Then in 
30 days more he must dig 30 ft. more. A justice 
then goes in company w r ith a mining expert, ex- 
amines the property and measures off 200 
yards along the vein, and 200 yards across 
it, the side lines being located according 
to the inclination of the vein. If the vein is per- 
pendicular, 100 yards are allowed on each side. 
If horizontal, 100 yards square are allowed. If 
the vein dips 45° they measure 1 50 yards on side 
of dip from the outcrop, and. 50 yards on the 
other side. The claimant is then put in posses- 
sion, with a title to the mineral, under the pro- 
viso that he must work the mine at least four 
months in every year, with not less* than four 
men. If he fails to do this work he forfeits all 
his rights and all work, and the mine may be 
denounced and taken possession of by the first 
comer. The mineral wealth does not belong to 
the general Government, but to the States. 
The States, however, have retained the old Span- 
ish laws, as proven by experience to be the most 
wise and best adapted for the development of 
the mines. The ownership of lands does not af- 
fect the right of government to the mineral be- 
neath them, only that the discoverer of mineral 
on private lands must pay the owner for the sur- 
face at its value. The water and timber privi- 
leges go with the mineral. Here is, in brief, 
the essence of the mineral laws of Mexico. With 
similar laws in force in our country, I believe 
that the bullion product of Colorado would to- 
day be quadruple what it is. It seems prepos- 
terous that Government should carry the title 
to mineral lands to individuals or corporations, 
as is often done • in the United States, for no 
other object than that they may keep somebody 
else out of possession, or to work stock specu- 
lations, or for no object whatever apparent 
other than the mere desire to own a mine. It 
is a well-known fact that hundreds of the rich- 
est mining claims in Colorado are held under 
Government titles, and are not producing a dol- 
lar of bullion in years. Under the Spanish laws 
these gentlemen would either have to produce 
something from the mines or abdicate in favor 
of somebody else." 

The ^Eolian Harp consists of a long, nar- 
row box of pine about 6 inches deep, with a 
:ircle in the middle of the upper side of H 
inches in diameter, in which are to be drilled 
small holes. On this side 7, 10 or more strings 
of a fine cat-gut are stitched over bridges at 
each end, like the bridge of a fiddle, and screwed 
up or relaxed with screw pins. The strings 
must all be tuned to one and the same note (D 
is perhaps the best) and the instrument should 
be placed in a window partly open, in which 
the width is exactly equal to the harp, with the 
sash just raised to give the air admission. When 
the air blows upon these strings with different 
degrees of force it will excite different tones of 
sound. Sometimes the blast brings on all the 
tones in full concert and sometimes it sinks 
them to the softest murmurs. A colossal im- 
itation of the instrument just described was in- 
vented at Milan in 17S0, by the Abbe Gattoni. 
He stretched 7 strong iron wires, tuned to the 
notes of the gamut, from the top of a tower 80 
feet high to the house of a Signor Moscate, who 
was interested in the success of the experiment, 
and this apparatus, called the "giant's harp," 
in blowing weather yielded lengthened peals of 
harmonious music. In a storm this music was 
sometimes heard at a distance of several miles. 

Sierra County Mines. 

The Sierra county Tribune says : It is often 
a matter of great surprise to many who visit 
Downieville and notice the unusual advantages 
offered in its vicinity for quartz miners that no 
enterprises of this character scarcely are in op- 
eration. The first conclusion reached is that 
there are no ledges in the section worth devel- 
oping. However, the contrary is the case, and 
these visitors who do not take the pains to in- 
quire regarding the matter become impressed 
with false ideas. Of course, these men, with 
their unfavorable opinions, often work injury to 
this section on the outside. 

On the mountain sides leading north and 
south from Downieville are numerous ledges 
that have been prospected, and in many in- 
stances they have been developed sufficiently to 
prove that the rock is of a high character. Too 
often, however, these ledges have fallen into the 
hands of poor companies, whose only object in 
securing them was for corrupt purposes. If 
these companies could make nothing by other 
means than legitimately working their proper- 
ties, then the ledges were abandoned, and, as a 
matter of course, they are looked upon to-day 
by those from abroad as worthless. 

With the exception of the Gold Bluff there is 
not a quartz mine in operation to-day near this 
town. S. Van Slyke, the owner of the Gold 
Bluff, has alone run this mine and made it one 
of the best dividend-paying properties in the 
county. On the other hand is the Good Hope 
mine, owned by a San Francisco company (pur- 
ported to be wealthy), who came up here last 
year and displayed all the pomp imaginable. 
They erected a fine 20-stamp mill (which was 
heavily insured), coyoted around in former 
worked -out drifts for a while, and then then the 
mill was burned under very suspicious circum- 
stances. The mine is now lying idle, not one 
iota more prospected than it was the day that 
the company assumed control of it. Experienced 
miners say that the Good Hope can be made a 
paying mine if properly developed. 

It does seem to us that if the business men of 
Downieville would make an effort they might 
have some of these mills that are lying idle 
within almost a stone's throw of the town in 
operation. If the real facts were presented to 
legitimate mining operators, and the business 
men would lend their influence, in all probabil- 
ity the desired object could be accomplished. 
The people of Downieville have been deceived 
many times by fraudulent companies, but if 
they would take the matter in hand themselves 
they might avert so much of this deception in 
the future. With the utmost confidence in the 
value of the surrounding mines, and knowing 
of what benefit they will prove to Downieville, 
if properly worked, our citizens should endeavor 
to attract the attention of honest investors to 
this section, while on the other hand they should 
endeavor to keep away all companies whose ob- 
jects have the odor of rascality. 

The Action of Light Upon Amalgamation. 
— M. P. Laur, of Rodez, Aveyron, France, hav- 
ing noticed in Mexico the striking effect of the 
sunlight upon the activity of the process of 
amalgamation, has undertaken a number of ex- 
periments, which he has communicated to the 
French Academy of Sciences recently. He 
placed in a dark chamber a glass vessel con- 
taining a solution of 15 parts of salt and 7 parts 
of sulphate of copper in 100 parts of water. A 
porous vessel rilled with quicksilver was sus- 
pended in this solution, and one platinum elec- 
trode was dipped into the mercury, while a 
second, consisting of a leaf of sulphide of silver, 
was dipped into the copper solution. The wires 
from both are connected with a galvanometer. 
When the vessel is placed in the dark chamber 
and the circuit is closed, the needle of the gal- 
vanometer is deflected, showing that the sul- 
phide of silver is the positive pole. As soon as 
light is admitted to the dark chamber, the 
needle at once swings back, the current being 
still in the same direction. Every change from 
darkness to light, or even in the intensity of 
the latter, causes variations in the current. 
The bichloride of copper formed by the mixture 
of salt and sulphate of copper attacks the quick- 
silver, and the photo-chloride of copper formed 
reduces the sulphide of silver. This reduction, 
however, takes place only under the action of 
sunlight, and therefore an electric current is 
produced by exposure to the sun. 

An Important Invention, — A new process 
in the manufacture of alkali has just been in- 
vented by McTear. The main advantage of his 
new patent is that it admits of the use of ground 
rock salt, which is a great saving compared with 
the white salt. It is said it produces a much 
improved quality of salt cake. At the same 
time it effects the decomposition of salt at one- 
third the cost of the present system — hand 
labor. This marks an important point in the 
chemical manufacturing trade of the Tyne dis- 
trict, for if it is successful, as it promises to be, 
many employers will be aide largely to dimin- 
ish working expenses. 

Subsidy to Pasteur. — The French Minister 
of Agriculture has lately placed at the disposal 
of M. Pasteur a new sum of 50,000 fr. ($10,000) 
in order to continue his admirable investigations 
upon the contagious diseases of animals. The 
Government had already granted to the illustrious 
savant, for the same object, 50,000 fr. in 18S0 
and 40,000 in 1881. The minister consulted a 
special committee, who, in view of the brilliant 
success obtained by Pasteur in his previous in- 
vestigations, unanimously recommend a renewal 
of the grant.— Les Monaes, 

Air in Mines, 

There are two principles which are relied upon 
to ventilate a mine. That of heat expanding the 
air and the abhorrence of a vacuum by nature. 
Add to these a system of pumping or forcing 
air into a place, and we have the three ideas 
upon the expansion of which into practical 
methods all ventilation of mining properties 
depends. There are various causes which de- 
velop heat in mines. The lamps or candles by 
the light of -which the miner works, the heat 
given out by the bodies of the men as the re- 
sult of that work, the oxidation of sulphur, if 
any be present in the mineral or in the walls, 
being among them. There may be, too, the 
heat of thermal springs, or, if the mine be deep 
enough, that which is ' ouod in the rock. If we 
suppose a shaft to be sunk, say 2,000 ft., and if 
in the center of that shaft we placed a tube, or 
box, or aDy substance, wood, for example, which 
runs from the surface of the ground to the bot- 
tom of the shaft, there would be at once created 
a circulation of air. The air around the sides 
of the shaft being heated by the walls would 
rise, and the vacuum so created would draw the 
cold air down through the box. But if we kin- 
dled a fire below the box, the current of air 
would be down the shaft and up the box. 

The system of ventilating a mine by heat a 
simply the one which we have imagined ex- 
panded to the ertent necessary to ventilate the 
whole mine. If we run off at one side from the 
bottom of our shaft a level of 500 ft. in length, 
and caried the box into the face of it, we would 
have precisely the same thing taking place as 
before. The air, as heated by the walls, would 
travel along the level and ascend the shaft, while 
the cold air would come through the bax. If 
instead of constructing a box we placed a di- 
vision in the shaft, cutting it into two equal parts, 
as we do so often in this country, the cold air 
would descend on one side and the warm air 
would ascend on the other. Suppose, however, 
that we had two shafts — one at each end of the 
level; then the air would come down one, trav- 
erse the level and go up the other. The direc- 
tion in which it would travel would depend 
altogether upon the size of the shafts or the 
amount of beat generated. If the shafts were 
of unequal siz^ the air would come down the 
smaller and go up the larger. If it is the same 
the air would move in the direction of that shaft 
the center or the equilibrium of heat was near- 
est to. If the center or equilibrium of heat was 
exactly in the center of the level, and if the 
friction on the air was exactly equal in each 
shaft, then we could cause the air to move 
whichever way we pleased by building a fire at 
the foot of the shaft we wished it to ascend] 
Keeping that fire burning for a day would be 
sufficient to cause the air to ascend tba* shaft 
in preference to the other for all time, because 
■-he cold air constantly descending through one 
shaft would cool that shaft c IT and so move the 
point of equilibrium of heat nearer to the other. 

The ventilation of a mine where pumping is 
not necessary is merely an expansion of the sys- 
tem which has just been outlined. But there 
are two most important variations possible in 
the application of this system. We may either 
take the fresh air in through a box to the work- 
ings or we may take the foul air out. Each has 
its advantages. In the first we find the intro- 
duction of the fresh air and the removal of the 
foul easier than in the second. In the second 
the foul air and gases generated by blasts are 
carried off at once and are not forced to travel 
through the level to the shaft. 

A Splendid Collection of Ores.— At the 
office of H. M. Yerington, General Superin- 
tendent of the Virginia and Truckee and Car- 
son and Colorado Railroad, at Carson, is to be 
seen a rich and beautiful collection of .samples 
of ore from the mines situated in the mineral 
ranges bordering Owens Valley. These ore 
samples were collected by Mr, Yerington dur- 
ing a recent trip through that country along 
the line of the Carson and Colorado road. 
There are specimens of silver, copper, argentif- 
erous galena and free-gold ores. Many of the 
samples of copper are very beautiful, showing 
brilliant hues of blue, green, orange and burnt 
sienna. These are not only very rich in metal, 
but also quite ornamental, making magnificent 
cabinet specimens. One of these fine samples 
of copper ore is from the Hirsch mine near In- 
dependence, and another from the Russ mine, 
Bishop Creek. From the Union mine, Cerro 
Gordo, there are specimens of argentiferous ga- 
lena that arc solid masses of metal. This ore 
runs very high in silver. From the Farrington 
mine, near Benton, are specimens of chloride 
ore which are rich. The ore of this mine, now- 
being worked at the Millner mill, Benton, will 
pay $200 per ton. From the Poleta and Sacra- 
mento mines— both very fine properties — there 
are specimens of quartz that show very bright 
spangles of free gold. In short, mining men 
will be able to obtain a very good idea of the 
mines in the Owens Valley country by an ex- 
amination of this collection of ores. Many mines 
not mentioned above are represented in the col- 
lection. — En relet Sentinel. 

A Cable Railroad for Philadelphia. — 
Work on the machinery to be used in furnishing 
the motive power required to operate the first 
cable street railway in Philadelphia is now rap- 
idly progressing, and it is expected that all ne- 
cessary preparations will soon be completed. 

January 20, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 



i ista v id [Thing Bi re are sev- 

eral hundred columns published every year in 
newspapers on the subject of belts, mo 
iug directions how to use them and how t" take 
them. But the first thing to bi 

I them; for it a man does 

not know how to select a belt, an article in a 

iper will not teach him much on this 

■ U for 1 1 ^ work, 

_-lit. It is a difficult matter 

to teU the exact power required for different 

■ tie required p 
different tunes in the same machine with the 
quality or qoantit) of work t" be don< I 
belt snips it proves that the traction 
too small, either from small pulleys, di 

unferential oontaot or narrow belts, The 

into! this ii olearj but the pi aetii 

ompounds on belts to keep them from 

■lipping is n narrow; senseless one, There 

are a few manufacturers who make first class 

belts and make them all tin- time, and any 

one who buys from them is sure to buy a good 

It is s very difficult matter to judge a 

good belt b) Looking at it. It is doubtful if any 

judge accurately who is not handling 
leather as a business. There an a few firms 

1 mrinesfl is to make good belts, and they 
do it. The wayontof the difficulty is fixed. 
\\ ii- [. the power is known, a '"'It of sufficient 
sue to transmit that power van be determined. 

A\ Asm ai.t MnnTAit.— A German paper de- 
nted composition made at a fac- 
31 irgard, Pomerania, which lias for some 
past been used with perfect success on the 
Berlin-Stettin railway tor wall copings, water 
tables and similar purposes requiring a water- 
prooJ coating. The material is composed of 
coal tar, to u hich are added clay, asphalt, resin, 
and sand. It is, in short, a kind of arti- 
ficial asphalt, with the distinction that it is ap- 

plied cold, lih dinary cement rendering. The 

tenacity of the material when properly laid, 
and its freedom from liability to damage by the 
weather, arc proved by reference to an example 
in the coping of a retaining wall which has been 
exposed for four years to the drainage of a slope 
33 ft. high. This coping is still perfectly sound, 
and has required no repairs since it was laid 
down. Other works have proved equally satis- 
Eactory. In applying this mortar, as it is termed. 
the space to be covered is first thoroughly dried, 
and after being well cleaned is primed with hot 
roofing varnish, the basis of which is also tar. 
The mortar is then laid on eold to the thickness 
of about three-eighths of an inch, with either 
wood or steel trowels, and is properly smoothed 
over. If the area covered is large, another coat- 
ing of varnish is applied, and rough, sand strewn 
over the whole. The water-proof surface thus 
made is perfectly impregnable to rain or frost, 
and practically indestructible. The cost of the 
material laid is estimated at not more than 
nd. per square foot, and it is stated that this 
price can be reduced by at least Id. for large 
quantities put down by experienced workmen. 

A New Method of Making Railway 
SriKES. — The machine used in the manufacture 
of railway spikes by H. H. Fowler & Co., Chi- 
cago, consists of two large rolls, mounted in 
substantial housings, and driven by gearing 
after the manner of ordinary bar rolls. The 
center of these rolls contains a groove in winch 
the forming dies are placed. These are twelve 
in number, are made of special grade of steel 
and contain the imprint of the spike. The 
spike, after being rolled into the groove, is 
forced out by the plunger actuated by interior 
methods. The rolls are driven at such a speed 
that the radius of the roll is not assumed by 
the spike, but it leaves the roll substantially 
straight. The speed also has the effect of form- 
ing the spike, as it were, by a blow. The en- 
tire operation of producing the spike consists 
merely of taking from the furnace the hot bil- 
let, about two niches square, running it through 
but four passes, after which it is fed direct into 
the spike forming rolls, from which the spikes 
drop out automatically, at the rate of twelve 
per revolution. The machine is capable of 
turning out from 000 to 1*200 finished spikes 
continuously per minute, depending upon the 
rate of speed at which the machine is run. 

Keep Your Machinery Clean*.— It might 
be urged that in some shops where they want 
quantity more than quality, no time is allowed 
to wipe or clean a machine, and the foreman is 
indifferent how short lived a machine is. In 
any shop where first-class work is done, a care- 
ful mechanic who does his work so that no one 
can do it better, and takes good care of his ma- 
chine, will always be appreciated. A man who 
tries to make short cuts by dumping or grinding 
a little off the extreme edge of his tools, and 
works with the points a quarter of an inch lower 
than the back, is invariably a butcher. 

Malleable Brass.— A German periodical is 
responsible for the following method of making 
malleable brass: Thirty-three parts of copper 
and 25 of zmc are alloyed, the copper being first 
put into the crucible, which is loosely covered. 
As soon as the copper is melted, zinc, purified 
by sulphur, is added. The alloy is then cast 
into molding sand in the shape of bars. 

LTaB BOTH H\m<\-A writer on mechanical 
subjects advises young mechanics to cultivate 
the nerves and muscles of each hand so that they 
can use d hammer, chisel, file, wrench, or &nj 
other t'H.i as well with one hand as with the 
other; or so that they cm turn a handle or hand 
wheel one, way with one hand, and anothei one 

the other 'way with the other hand, both at the 
same time, ->i BO that they can turn them both 
one waj or different ways at difierent 

ictice in turning handles will be found 
in learning t>i become an expert 
"ii the Lathe, planer or other machine fcooL All 
that is required t«> learn this is a little pi actios 
until the motion of one limb or member is not 
at all governed or controlled by the motion "i 

\ \>.u Tram Car, At a Bavarian exhibi- 
tion in Nuruberg lately there was shown, from 
EToeU'a wagon manufactory at Wurrburg, a tram 
car which does not require switch and siding on 
meeting another ear. The car is kept on the 
means of a fifth wheel in front of the 
uul catching in a groove between the 
rails, The guide wheel is set in a triangular 

frame on the fore axle, and when the drivei 
raises this the car readily leaves the rails, an. I 
may l>c drawn over the street pavement in .my 
direction, Such cars have been successfully 
used in Hamburg and Lisbon. Of course, the 
leaving the rails involves greater strain for the 
horses, but tlii- is only temporary and without 

serious inconvenience. 

Wonderful Iron Making Bbocess. — AX 

llartholmy Hruiiow, a French metallurgist, is 
credited with having discovered a method of re- 
ducing iron ore to pig metal in the short .space 
of ]4 minutes. A lump of African iron ore, 
weighing 32 pounds, was broken up into small 
fragments and placed into a crucible. As soon 
as the ore was at red heat, a reacting substance 
was added, and in three minutes the liquefac- 
tion was complete. The produce obtained was 
iron. Tile reacting substance cost about '23 
cents per ton. What the reducing substance is 
lias not been stated. 

The Pullman Company are about to engage 
in the manufacture, on an extensive scale, of 
freight ears, and have already received orders 
for some 4,000 cars. Work is now in progress 
on 10 dining cars for the Northern Pacific, and 
ti dining and fi sleeping cars for the New York, 
West Shore and Buffalo road. Enough orders 
are on hand to keep the shops busy for the next 
year, among the largest of which are B0 first- 
class and 37 second-class passenger coaches for 
the Northern Pacific, and 50 passenger and 20 
baggage and mail coaches for the West Shore 
road, — Industrial World. 

The Finishing File.— In the hand of one who 
appreciates its possibilities, a three-cornered file, 
ground sharp on the sides and rounded toward 
the end like a bayonet, is a most efficient finish- 
ing tool on fine work. It will take out every 
scratch and leave dead smooth surfaces that re- 
quire but little rubbing with emery paper. The 
scraper does not cover up the work as the file 
does, and is much more speedy in action, Used 
with saliva on wrought iron or steel it surpasses 
any other tool for finishing. 

An Improved Wood Screw. — Screws used in 
soft wood are sometimes driven in with a ham- 
mer, and given a turn or two with a screw- 
driver to bring them flush. A manufacturer has 
brought out a new screw which is adopted for 
driving and which enters the wood without tear- 
ing the grain as the ordinary screw does. The 
gimlet point is dispensed with and a cone point 
substituted. The thread has a pitch that it 
drives in barb fashion, offering no resistance in 
entering, but firmly resisting all attempts to 
withdraw it except by turning it with a screw- 

Slotting Screws.— A New York City firm 
has invented a simple machine for rapidly slot- 
ting screws, which is said to work satisfactorily 
and cheaply. It operates so as to require only one 
downward pressure on the lever to grip and slot 
the screw. When the lever is released, the 
screw head is clear of the saw before the jaws 
relax, but when the lever has reached a certain 
point, the screw drops out and the jaws are 
ready for another. The jaw is readily adjust- 
able, and screws of different diameters can be 
slotted without delay in changing the parts. 
The machine, which weighs 250 lbs., can be 
used in milling certain classes of light work. 

Frost axd Fractcre.— Additional tests 
made by M. Bade seem to prove that low tem- 
perature has but little to do with the fracture 
of railroad tires. Other things being equal, the 
tires are as strong, he says, in severe frost as 
when the temperature is normal; but low tem- 
perature increases, of course, the rigidity of the 
road and its inequalities, and so renders the 
shocks received by the tires very violent, pro- 
ducing at times disasters which are attributed 
to changes in the metal. 

Nail Mills. — In the eastern part of Massa- 
chusetts, and with headquarters in Boston, are 
seven nail mills, operating 300 machines and 
turning out an average of 10,000 kegs per week, 
mostly for the home trade, but furnishing ship- 
ments for Cuba and South America. 


The Origin of Life. 

Men "! science may amuse themselves by 
sneaking ■>' lit.- being brought t-< the earth by 
the arrival of a meteor, in reality a fragment of 
some once peopled world which has been de- 
stroyed by outlier with another or by internal 
■■nee. Hut this is a more scientific jest 
than a grave reality. Astronomy knowi 
nothing -.1 worlds coming into conflict, * Mi the 
contrary, the laws of motion assure us that it' 
anything is so unlikely that it may !"■ .. 
as absolutely impossibe, it is the encounter «>t 
two orbs in mid Bpace; nor have we any reason 
t<. suppose U,, u a planet can be rent into frag- 
ments by internal convulsions. If we had, 
we have not the slightest reason for supposing 

that orbs thus unfortunate would be more 
likely to be inhabited than their more lucky fel- 
low worlds. If these u ere inhabited already . We 

gain nothing by bringing to them the tragi B 

of other worlds which have exploded; and if 
tic \ un,- nut inhabited, whilst the burst or 
shattered worlds were, we arc called on to im- 
agine (for no one can believe) the absurdity 
that only inhabited worlds are liable to destruc- 
tion, for tin' benefit of thoBe which are without 
inhabitants. To which absurdity this ad- 
ditional one is superadded, that the seeds of 
life would survive the destruction of their 
planet home, and the journeying through mil- 
lions on millions of years (rather millions of 
millions) winch science assures us they would 
have to make through the cold of iutersteller 
Bpace before they would fall on any other 
world. And all these absurdities to no pur- 
pose, so far as the origin of life is concerned, 
for they take us back but a step, which brings 
us in reality no nearer to all life, — Professor 
Proctor, in Bdyracia. 

Siemens' New Solar Tiikoky. -The solar 
theory lately propounded by Dr. Siemens, Pres- 
ident of the British Science Association, does 
not meet with favor in the eye of Dr. Tyndall, 
the eminent physicist. Dr. Siemens suggested 
that interstellar space is rilled with various com- 
bustible gases, which are drawn in by the sun 
in its onward march; that these gases rush in 
from the pole of the sun toward its equator, 
producing intense heat by their combustion on 
the sun's surface; that the products of this com- 
bustien are then thrown off into space, where, in 
a highly ratified state they are dissociated by 
the solar rays and are once more ready to become 
f ,iel for another sun. In commenting on this 
theory Dr. Tyndall says : "It would give me 
extreme pleasure to be able to point to my re- 
searches in confirmation of the solar theory re- 
cently enunciated by my friend the President of 
the British Association. But through the 
experiments which I have made on the decom- 
position of vapors by light might be numbered 
by the thousand, I have, to my regret, en- 
countered no fact which proves that free aque- 
ous vapor is decomposed by the solar rays or 
that the sun is reheated by the combination of 
gases, iu the severance of which it had previ- 
ously sacrificed its heat." 

New Safety Lamp. — M. Tricot, the manager 
of the Mons gas works, at the recent meeting 
of the Association des Gaziers Beiges, described 
a new fixed lamp invented by M. Lechienn for 
burning safely while surrounded by an explosive 
mixture of air and gas, such as may be pres- 
ent in gas works. It consists of a metal bracket 
(with an oritice in connection with a pipe lead- 
ing a supply of pure air from a safe distance) 
securely fixed to the wall, and provided with a 
groove filled with sand for receiving a projecting 
collar at the bottom of the lamp, so as to form 
an air-tight joint. In the bottom of the lamp is 
a valve, opening inwards, which keeps it closed 
until placed in position, when it opens automat- 
ically. The cover, made separate for facility of 
cleaning, is also provided with a sand joint, and 
the trunco-conical chimney is of such dimensions 
that no air or gas can enter the lamp by its 
means; while a sheet of perforated metal or wire 
gauze, placed across it, affords an additional 
safeguard. When the source of light is a vege- 
table or mineral oil, the lamp has simply to be 
lighted in a pure atmosphere before being placed 
in position, as it contains sufficient air to sup- 
port combustion for two or three minutes, when 
the ail- valve opens. When ordinary coal gas is 
used, the simplest method is to light a small 
piece of taper near the burner before fixing the 
lamp, and making the connection with the gas 
sujiply pipe; or the gas may be lighted by elec- 
tricity, or by a fulminating capsule. 

A Pretty Scientific Experiment. — The fol- 
lowing experiment in the way of physics with- 
out apparatus is given by a correspondent of La 
Nafua: A clay pipe is laid over the top of a 
large wine glass, and a person is required to 
bring it down to the table without touching 
either pipe or glass, without agitating the air or 
moving the table. The solution of the problem 
consists in taking up another like glass, rubbing 
it vigorously on your sleeve, then bringing it 
near the pipe stem, which is thereupon strongly 
attracted, so that the pipe falls. This experi- 
ment is a pretty variation of the electric pen- 
dulum, and shows that pipe-clay, a very bad con- 
ductor of electricity, yields readily to the at- 
traction of an electrified body. 

M. Noedenskiold maintains that the aurora 
is a permanent phenomenon in polar regions, be- 
ing always seen when the sun is below the hori- 
zon and when the moon is invisible. 

■ vrn.s- in Ele'tkicity.— It is not only 

the inventors of the world that ha\e now turned 
their thoughts to electricity, but also tli 

ulators, The progn -- of I 
to that degree of industrial perfection which wilt 
render it a paying investment from a financial 
point, is necessarily slow. Some compani 
indeed established themselves almost at once as 
profitable undertaking-; but the formation of 
large money enterprises, on the strength of in. 
ventions which are not sufficiently tested, is cer- 
tain to result in disappointment'. 'Jin- quota- 
tions of some of the minor English companies 
have greatlj depreciated. In fact, electricity, 
it, is yet young, and Bhould not 
a favorite object of speculation. We 

are in favor of the widest freedom, so tar as 

manirfacturmg enterprise is concerned, for here 
tiier.- is a Bond basis, but the abuse oi i 
di oovei ies in England by the "promotej ■ 
undertakings" has already throw a iome di 
on solid companies. The shares of Borneo! tin 
branch companies that were formed have de- 
clined considerably, others ha\ ■■ been oblig. d to 
wind up. lint whatever stock jobbing misfor- 
tunes may be reported, we have no doubt that 

when electricity comes to be more adapted to all 

industries, as it will 1m- before long, it will then 
Offer a large and safe field of investment. 

Singular Laboratory Explosion 1 . -E.Militz, 

writing from the Leverkuseit Alizarine Works, 
gives an account of an explosion under unusual 
circumstances: "I take the liberty of reporting 

to you a peculiar explosion which has taken 
plaee in this laboratory. Kura number of years 
I have prepared the chromic acid solution requi- 
site for the analysis of anthracene by adding to 
five kilos, of chromic acid water and acetic acid 
iu suitable proportions and letting the mixture 
stand, stirring occasionally, till the whole is .lis- 
solved. One bottle of chromic acid, on addition 
of the acetic acid and water, became suddenly 
warm, and in a short time began to boil briskly, 
giving off abundance of fumes smelling like aide- 
hide. As I saw that the reaction became more 
and more violent, and that the chromic acid 
could not be saved, the room was at once evacu- 
ated, and scarcely was everyone out of danger 
when a violent explosion ensued, with formation 
of dense clouds of chromic oxide. The chromic 
oxide was of a very loose texture, exactly re- 
sembling that formed on heating ammonium 
bichromate. A fresh quantity of chromic acid 
(obtained at the same time with the spoiled lot) 
dissolved quietly in the acetic and water. I am 
unable, therefore, to explain the cause of the 
explosion. —Chem. Rev. 

New Photo-Electric 'Hatteky.— A new 
battery, which gives a current on exposure to 
the action of light, has been devised by M. 
Saner. It consists of a square glass vessel, con- 
taining a solution of fifteen parts common salt 
and seven parts sulphate of copper in 10b" of 
water. A porous vessel of mercury is placed in 
the solution. An electrode of platinum is in the 
mercury, and another of sulphuret of silver in 
the saline solution. The electrodes are connect- 
ed by means of a galvauo meter, and the bat- 
tery is iixed in a box sheltered from light. The 
closing of the circuit displaces the needle of the 
galvanometer, and it is seen that the sulphuret 
of silver is the negative pole. When the needle 
has come to rest, if the battery is exposed to the 
light of the sun the deviation increases. If the 
light is suppressed the needle returns to its orig- 
inal position; if a cloud passes before the sun 
while the battery is exposed to the Uglit the va- 
riations of the needle indicate the fluctuations 
of the electric current. The effect of the bat- 
tery is due to the action on the mercury 
of the bichloride of copper formed by 
the mixture of common salt and sulphate of 
copper. The proto- chloride of copper which is 
formed reduces the sulphuret of silver, but this 
reduction requires the intervention of the solar 
light, which determines the production of the 
photo-electric current. — Leu Monties. 

The largest telescopes in the world are in the 
United States, the one at the naval observatory 
in Washington being 33 ft. long, and there is one 
of the same size at the University of Virginia, in 
Charlottesville. But the Russian Government is 
now having a telescope constructed, to be ready 
this month, which will be 45 ft. in length. The 
work is being done by Messrs. Alvin Clark & 
Co.i of Cambridge, Mass., under the care of the 
great astronomer, Otto Struve. It is for the 
Government observatory in a suburb of Moscow, 
but will stand in a meadow outside of the prin- 
cipal building. The diameter of the glass is 30 

Professor Koch's Discovery Disputed. — 
At a meeting of the New Orleans Pathological 
Society Nov. 20th, the President, Dr. H. D. 
Schmidt, made an important microscopic dem- 
onstration to disprove the reported discovery of 
of Professor Koch, in Berlin, as to the 
bacilli of tuberculosis. Dr. Schmidt claimed to 
demonstrate that the bacilli thought by Dr. 
Koch to be the cause of tubercular consumption 
were simply fatty crystals. Dr. Schmidt's re- 
searches have been long and minute, and he is 
lonfident that Dr. Koch is in error. 

The Growth oe Language. — Human lan- 
guages appear to have grown like trees in a 
wood, which in the first stage are as numerous 
as possible, but are soon reduced to a few indi- 
viduals, of which a very small number attain 
their full term of life. Numerous as were at 
first the local manifestations of human beings, 
the primordial languages were as iimumerable. 

■M, Julkn Vhizon. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1883 

Table of Highest and Lowest Sales in 
S. F. Stock Exchange 

Week Week Week i week 

Name of 

Ending Ending 


Dec 38. 


Jan 4. 

Jan 11 Jan lx. 


75c 80c 
2 c 25c 
45 c 60c 
... 2-85 
30c 35c 

80c 1 ... 

20c 30c 
55 c 65 
.70 3.10 
30c 35c 

50c 60c 
1.65 2.85 
30c 55c 

... 50c 
.05 1.80 
35c 45c 


1.95 '"& 
... 75c 


'.'.'. Wo 

70c 90c 

70c 8-c 


Best & Belcher 

60c 1 

60c 1.00 

3.80 3.95 
60c 1.05 

.60 3.85 
90c 1 
... Fc 

60 6Ec 
1.95 2.10 

1.85 2.00 

1.85 2 

1.85 1.90 



Black Hawk. 




20c 25c 

20c 30c 

.... 25c 

... 25c 



i!o5 i'.ffl 

i',05 "ij 

1. 10 1.60 

.30 1.45 


Cjn Imperial 

45o 55c 
90c 1.15 

35c '50c 
75c 90c 

45c 55c 
.... 90c 

45c 50o 
86c 1 



Con Pacific 

9 9} 
20c 25c 

65c *75c 
.... 20c 

65c 75c 
.... 20c 

70c 75c 
20o 25c 


30c '35c 

.... 35c 

30o 55c 

10c 45c 

Golden Gate 


Hile & Norcross. . . . 

06 2.2 : 
1.05 1J 

1.65 1.93 
1 1.16 

1.60 1.80 
1.05 1.30 

1.50 1.65 
1 05 1.25 

65c 70c 

... 65c 

70c 90c 


.... 2Cc 

.... 70c 

'.'.'.'. '26c 






Lady Bryan 

Lady Wash 




i'.ti '"3 

2l75 2i90 

i'.W "'3 

15c 20c 
2.65 2.85 
i 85 4.00 
1.00 1.15 

.... 10c 

2.80 3.10 

3i 4 

2.70 2.95 

2.95 3.40 
3.80 3.90 

Northern Belle.... 

9 9J 


9! 10 

n n 

7} 8 
... 20c 

45c 90c 

60c 70c 

1.20 V. 

1.15 1.2C 

.... 1.1: 

1.75 2.20 

1.65 1.81 

1 70 1.81 

1.10 1.6C 

Original Keystone.. 

10O 15c 
10c 15c 

80c l.M 

.... 10c 
1 1.16 

'.'.'.'. 'i6c 

1. 10 1.45 
1.80 3 

0c 15c 

1.30 1.4' 

3.10 3.25 

85c 1 

75c 80c 


2J 2.81 

75c 95c 
.... l.Of 
2.35 3.3! 

75c 85c 


2.60 3.1C 

3.10 3.2( 

91 11 

.... 11 

10 10J 

JOJ 10J 


50c 55c 

50c 55c 

.... 55c 

3.05 3.4E 
1J l.SF 

3 3.35 

1.55 1] 

.... 20 

1.05 1.1 

2.90 3.10 
1.20 2.45 

.... 20c 
1 1.15 

1.20 ( 

1.20 -1.30 


Compiled every Thursday from Advertisements in Mining and Scientific Press and other S. F. Journals 



Albion Con M Co 
Alpha HyGravM Co 
Argenta M Co 
Alta. S M Co 
California M Co 
Con Imperial M Co 
Gould & Curry 8 M Co 
Grand Piize M Co 
Grand View Con M Co 
Hale & Norcross S M Co 
Noonday M Co 
N Noonday M Co 
North Belle Isle M Co 
N Gould & Curry S M Co 
Ophir S M Co 
Oro M Co 

Sierra Nevada 8 M Co 
Utah S M Co 
Union Con 3 M Co 








































Jan 10 

Jan 8 

Jan 13 

Jan 4 

Nov 21 

Jan 3 

Jan 10 

Jan 11 

Dec 16 

Jan 10 

1 00 DecS 

1 00 Dec 2 

20 Nov 29 

30 Dec 11 

1 oi) Dec 27 

15 Nov 11 

1 00 Dec 8 

1 00 Dec 7 

1 00 Jan 10 

Feb 13 
Feb 15 
Feb 19 

Feb 8 
Dec 29 

Feb 8 
Feb 15 
Feb 12 

Feb 14 
Feb H 

Jan 12 
Jan 10 

Jan 3 
Jan 12 

Jan 31 

Jan 11 
Jan 15 
Feb 15 

Mar 5 
Mar 7 
Mar 12 
Feb 27 
Jan2 6 
Mar 1 
Mar 8 
Mar 5 
Mar 14 
Mar 7 
Feb 7 
Feb 5 
Jan 23 
Feb 2 
Feb 20 
Fab 10 
Jan 30 
Feb 5 
Mar 5 

D B Chisholm 
J IreUnd 
E M Hill 
W H Watson 
CP Gordon 
W E Dean 
A K Dutbrow 
B M. Hall 
W H Penfield 
J F Lightner 
W J Taylor 
W J Taylor 
J WPew 
C H Mason, 
C L McCoy 
W Stuart 
E L Parker, 
G C Pratt. 
J M Buffi ogton 

. 327 Pine st 

216 Sansome at 

327 Pine Bt 

302 Montgomeiy st 

309 Montgomery at 

308 Montgomery at 
30) Montgomery at 

327 Pine ut 
106 Leidead ..rrT at 

309 Montgomery at 

310 Pine at 

310 Pine at 

310 Pine at 

331 Monfeomeiyat 

309 Montgomery st 


309 Montgomery at 

309 Montgomery at 

319 California at 


Atlantic Con M Co 
Aurora M Co 

Commonwealth Con M Co 
Con Amador M Co 
Eintracht Gravel M Co 
Esta Euena O on S M Co 
Exotltior W &M Co 
Fair Villa M Co 
Horseshoe M Co 
Harrington M Co 
Mono L'keHICo 
Mount Auburn G M Co 
New Coso M Co 
Oro M & M Co 
Pittsburg G M Co 
Red Cloud Con M Co 
Red Hill EM&WCo 
Young America South M Co 

Namb of Coup ast. 
Betty O'Neal M Co 
Calaveras M Co 
Gila S M Co 
Pleasant Valley M Co 
Wide Awake Pros & M Co 

Nevada 5 

California 4 

Nevada 5 

California 4 

California 11 

Nevada 7 

Ca'ifcrnia 4 

Arizona 3 

Arizona 3 

California 4 

California 1 

California 9 

California 15 

Arizona 2 

California 15 

California 11 

California 7 

Nevada 1 

Dec 21 
Nov 23 
Jan 12 
Dec 21 
Dec 12 

1 00 Nov 3 
1 00 Decl 

Dec II 

Dec 27 
Dec 6 
Nov 16 
Dec 5 
Dec 13 
Dec 28 
Nov 29 
Dec 2 
Dec 5 
Dec 26 

Jan 29 
Dec 22 
Feb 16 
Jan 2) 
Jan II 
Jan 29 
Jan 17 
Feb 2 ' 
Jan 9 
Jan "6 
Jan 9 
Jan 19 
Feb 3 
Jan 3 
Jan 10 
Jan 6 
Jan 30 

Feb 19 
Jan 20 
Mar S 
Feb 10 
Feb 7 
Feb 10 
Feb 14 
Feb 5 
Feb 23 
Jan 31 
Feb 10 
Jan 2 J 
Feb 7 
Feb 27 
Jan 24 
Feb 5 
Jan 31 
Feb 20 

D Wilder 
P Conklin 
P F Marhnardt 
F B Litham 
H Kunz 
R N Brooks 
W J Stewart 
J H Sayre 
J H Sayre 
O C Miller 
J Elbert 
C A James 
D B Obisholm 
J h FieldB 
R Wegener 
W J Taylor 
E Heaves 
E M Hall 

I Montgomery at 

585 Market st 

311 Montgomery st 

310 Pine st 

209 Sanaome st 

503~Sacramento st 

215 Sansome at 

330 Pine at 

330 Pine at 

409 California at 

331 Montgomery Bt 

402 Montgomery at 

327 Pine at 

309 Montgomery st 

414 California st 

310 Pine at 

328 Montgomery at 

327 Pine at 



Nevada R W Heath 318 Pine at 

California A D Pane 328 Montgomery st 

J T McGeoghehan 318 Pine st 

CE Elliott 327 Pine Bt 

Arizona O Hildebrandt cor Bush & Kearny Bt 



N amb of Company. 

Bodie Con M Co 
Bulwer Con M Co 
Contention Con M Co 
fventuck M Co 
Navajo M Co 
Northern Belle M&MCo 
Pleasant Valley M Co 
Silver King M Co 
Standard Con M Co 

Location. Sborbtaet. 

California G W Seaaions 

California W Willis 

Arizona D C Bates 

Nevada J W Pew 

Nevada J W Paw 

■ ■ Wm Wilis 

California OE Elliot 

Arizona J Nash 

California WmWillia 

Offiob in S. F. 

309 Montgomery at 

309 Montgomery at 

309 Montgomery st 

310 Pine Bt 

310 Fine at 

309 Montgomery st 

327 Pine Bt 

315 California at 

309 Montgomery at 



Jan 23 
Jan 23 
Jan 22 
Jan 22 
Feb 14 


Nov 15 
Jan 12 
Nov 28 
Jan 19 
Jan 12 
Jan 15 
Dec 15 
Jan 15 
Jan 12 

Sales at S. F. Stock Exchange. 

Thursday A. M., Jan. IS 

1595 Albion 1.05@1.15 

700 Argenta 50c 

20 Belcher ?5c 

250 B & Belcher 3.35 

400 Belle Isle 1@1.05 

30 Bullion 90cl 

200 Caledonia 10c 

260 California 20c 

520 Chollar 1.35 

101 Con Virginia 45c 

200 Eureka Tunnel 70c 

200 E xchequer. 20c 

220 Grand Prize 55c 

50 Gould & Curry 1.40 

825 Hale & Nor. . . .1,05@1. 10 

500 Independence .70c 

100 Justice 

20 M White 2.90 

675 Mexican 2.50@2.55 

30 Northern Belle 9 

10 Navajo 9.12& 

310 Ophir 1.35 

50 Overman 
420 PotoaL 1.35 

50 Pinal 3.10 

200 Savage 75c 

210 Scorpion 50c 

670 Sierra Nevada. 2.90(£»2. 95 

300 Utah 2.00 

3050 Union. 2.350*2.25 

25 Yellow Jacket 1.15 

afternoon bembion. 

1315 Albion 1@1.05 

200 Alta 15c 

500 Argenta 50©55c 

700 Belle iBle 3@1.05 

50 B& Belcher 3.35 

70 Bodie .1.85@1.90 

300 Bullion 90c 

490 Chollar 1.30 

90 Con Virginia 45c 

300 Day 40c 

200 Elko C 20c 

25 Eureka Con 10J, 

20 Exchequer 20c 

1500 Grand Priz e 60c 

S170 Gould & Curry 1.45 

365 Hale&Nor... .1.05(31.10 

100 Independence 65c 

265 Mexican. 2.30@2.40 

50 Navajo 9J 

440 M White 3 

375 Ophir 1.35 

2350 Poto3i 1.30 

270 Savage 70c 

180 S Nevada 2.85 

50 Silver King 10J 

20 Scorpion 45c 

180 U nion 2.25@2.30 

30 Utah 2 

300 Wales 20c 

50 Ward .'..3.V 335 Yellow Jacket. . 

Bullion Shipments. 

We quote shipments since our last, and shall 
he pleased to receive further reports : 

Horn Silver, January 9th, $15,000: Hanauer 9 
$2,050; Park City, 9, $2,400; Crescent, 9, $2,020; 
Gcrmania, 9, $4,450; Stormont, 9, $3,485; Horn 
Silver, 10, $9,000; Horn Silver, 12, $9,000; Han- 
auer, 12, $1,880; Crescent, 12, $1,750; Germania, 
12, $2,250; Horn Silver, 14, $6,000; Park City 
14, $2,350; Hanauer, 14, $1,910; Ger- 
mania, 14, $1,000; Stormont, 14, $2,780- 
Christy, S, $6,388; Standard, 8, $31 724- 
Northern Belle, 8, $16,473; Bonanza King (San 
Bernardino Co.), 11, $19,000; Christy, 13 
$2,213; Northern Belle, 11, $7,SS0; Bodie, 15, 
$5,723; Star, 12, $1,360; Yellow Jacket, 12 
$5,723; Bodie Tunnel, $16, $2,366. 

Mining Share Market. 

The sudden disappearance of the Secretary of 
the Albion Mining Company with some of the 
funds of the mine has created a ripple of excite- 
ment in stock circles, but the fluctuation of 
stocks themselves have amounted to little. The 
Pacific Stock Exchange has this week sold its 
building, and will hereafter rent the premises 
instead of owning them. 

The east crosscut on the 2,900 level of the 
Sierra Nevada, joint with the Union Consolida- 
ted, is now but fairly out of reach of the station, 
and far enough away to allow of heavy blasting 
being done. It has yet a long way to go to 
reach the point where should come down the 
ore streaks cut above the winze. 

The joint Mexican and Union Consolidated 
east crosscut on the 2,900 level shows a steady 
increase of quartz that carries metal. It will be 
some four weeks before it will be near the point 
where it is hoped to find ore. 

The west crosscut on the 2,500 level of the 
Gould and Curry is being pushed at the rate of 
about 60 ft. per week toward the west wall, 
against, or in front of, which ore is likely "to be 

The following are the financial balances of the 
various mining companies on January 1st, so 
far as reported below: 

Cash on Hand.— Alta, $S,505.68; Best & Bel- 
cher, $30,044.19; Benton Con., $4,650.54; 
Bechtel, $9.34; Belding, $336.93; Bulwer Con., 
$15,372.30; Bodie Con. (bullion on hand, $4,- 
302.S8), $25,928.32; California, $33,993.94; 
Con. Virginia, $104,201.90; Chollar, $29,- 
27S.06; Crown Point, $20,886.08; Gen- 
eral Jackson, $830. 98 ; Gould & Curry, 
$17,642:40; Hale & Norcross, $19,479.19; 
Lady Washington, $1,179,58; Mexican, $45,- 
064.92; Mount Diablo, $3, 075. 38; Northern Belle 
(unsold bullion onhand, $152,400.50), $34,418. 1 1 ; 
Ophir (bullion on hand, $15,744.04), $1,336.81; 
Oro (indebtedness, $5,95S.14), $98.05; Occiden- 
tal, $6,983.09; Potosi, $23,255.50; Savage, $29,- 
872.29; Scorpion,$107.62; Standard, $91,581.14; 
Union, $6,700. Indebtedness.— Argenta, $2,- 
885.79; Betty O'Neal (overdraft), $7,050.67; 
Grand Prize, $3,970.99; Mono, $1,587.80; Sierra 
Nevada, $7,485.70; Star (old indebtedness, $36,- 
S39.S4), $34,170; Utah, $6,545.38. 

Judge White, of Pittsburgh, has declared 
uture dealings on margins as gambling, con- 
racts immoral in character and pernicious in 
their tendency, 

The hydraulic elevators in use in this city 
in which a long piston, fitting on a cylinder sunk 
in the earth, carries the cage on its upper end, 
were invented originally by M. Leon Edoux, of 
Paris, Prance. Elevators of this kind were 
shown in operation at the Paris Exposition of 
1867. Several minor improvements have been 
made since the original invention. This style 
of elevator is now very popular in this city. 
Those in the Huntington, Hopkins & Co.'s 
building, on Market street, which were put in 
by the California Machine Works, are noticed 
by many passers. These works also put the 
elevators in the B'nai B'rith hall, Figenbaum & 
Co.'s, the Sub-Treasury and other buildings, 

Meetings and Elections. 

Black Diamond Coal Co., Jan. 15th. Presi- 
dent, P. B. Cornwall; Directors — Thomas Bell, P. 

B. Cornwall, J. B. Haggin, A. Hayward, S. P. 
Smith. James H. Dobinson, Secretary. 

Bellingham Bay Coal M. Co., Ian. 15th. Di- 
rectors — Thomas Bell, P. B. Cornwall, J. B. Hag- 
gin, A. Hayward, S. P. Smith, At a subsequent 
meeting of the newly-elected Board, P. B. Corn- 
wall was elected President and J as. H. Dobinson 

Bodie-Benton R. R. Co., Jan. 15th. R. N. 
Graves, President; A. J. Ralston, Vice-President, 
and J. B. Low, Thomas Menzies, William Willis 
and H. M. Yerington, Directors. 

Mercantile Library Association, Jan. 15th. 
President, Geo. T. Marye, Jr.; Vice-President, J. 
H. Wildes; Treasurer, T. B. Kent; Recording Sec- 
retary, F. T. Cooper; Corresponding Secretary, 
David Wilder; Trustees — J. F. Finn, Enos Taylor, 

C, W. Carmany, Colin M, Smith, Joseph D. Red- 
ding, M. B. Blake, F. B. Wilde, Geo. O. Davis, F. 
W. Gill. 

New Incorporations. 

The following companies have been incorporated 
and papers filed in the office of the Superior Court, 
Department No. 10, San Francisco: 

California Cap Company, Jan. 15th. Object, 
manufacturing percussion caps and detonators. Cap- 
ital stock, $100,000. Directors — W. Letts Oliver, 
F. J. Fletter, J. M. Rothschild, A. S. Cheminant, J. 
W. Watson and R. G. Brown. The works of this 
company are on the grounds of the Tonite Powder 
Co., in Alameda county, and it is proposed to sup- 
ply caps for use with all high explosives. Many are 
now imported from Europe, and this is the only 
cap factory of the kind on the coast. 

San Francisco and Colorado River R. R. Co., 
Jan. 15th. The road the company proposes to build 
will run from San Antonio, Alameda county, to the 
intersection of the 35th parallel of north latitude 
and the Colorado river, a distance of about 650 miles. 
Directors — A. E. Davis, A. Groves, Charles Iver- 
son, George C. Prentice and R. M. Garrett. Cap- 
ital stock $20,000,000, of which $1, 000,000 has been 

Little Butte Tunnel Co., Tan. 12th. Location, 
Butte Co., Cal. Directors— E. W. Boyce, O. M. 
Enslow, D. K. Perkins, J. L. Hansard, R. E. Pot- 
ter, George A. Wikle and M. J. Green. Capital 
stock, $100,000, in 100,000 shares. 

Frue Concentrators. — Twelve Frue concen- 
trators have been sent up to the Yosemite mine, 
Mariposa county. The Mount Auburn, near 
Nevada City, has four, and now that the ca- 
pacity of the Nevada City mill of that place has 
been doubled, four more of this style of concen- 
trators have been added. The Pioneer mine, 
Globe district, Arizona, now has three Frue con- 
centrators, and the South Pioneer has eight. 
The Silver King mine, which has given up roast- 
ing and lixivating its ores, now has eight of 
these concentrators, and when its reduction 
works are all completed will have 12 in all. 
The Frueisavery successfulconcentrator, and one 
of its best recommendations is that where once 
used, when the mine warrants it, more of the 
same pattern are ordered. 

Thb only scientific Iron Medicine that does not produce 
headache, etc., but gives to the system all the benefits of 
ron without its bad effects, is Brown's Iron Bittors. 


The following is mostly condensed from journals pub* 
lished in the interior, in proximity to the mines mentioned. 



Running. — Monitor- Argus, Jan. 12: Messrs. 
Weis and Arnot yesterday arrived from the Ex- 
chequer mill near Silver^ Mountain, and from them 
we learn that the mill is running steadily on Stella 
ore and turning out lots of bullion, and regular ship- 
ments of the precious metal are being made. 


Plymouth. — Cor. Amador Ledger, Jan. 13: 
Your correspondent was shown last week a specimen 
of quartz taken out of a claim near Plymouth by 
Thomas Russell. It is as rich a specimen as I 
have seen exhibited here. Mr. Russell is an expert 
miner, but has no capital to develop the claim. For 
two months he has been in correspondence with ex- 
perts and capitalists in regard to his property. One 
of these j ardes was here last week, and inspected 
the claim, and expressed himself as well satisfied 
with it as a likely field for prospecting. In the past 
fivemonh; the Page Brothers have taken out of 
the old Ochre ledge, x% miles west of Plymouth, 
200 tons of rock which will pay at the lowest cal- 
culation $20 per ton. The shaft is 70 ft deep, with 
a tunnel running north 70 ft and another running 
south 60 ft. The rich ore is taken out of these tun- 
nels, the ledge being 18 ft thick. No sloping has 
been done. I am told told that $1,500 was taken 
out a few days ago. 

Sutter Creek. — I am pleased to be able to state 
that the outlook is more encouraging than for some 
time past. The employees of the Mahoney were 
cheered by the arrival of a pay-day on the 5th, when 
a substantial sum was disbursed, to the relief of busi- 
ness men and the community. There is nothing 
doing at the Amador mine except keeping out the 
water. The mill is also at a standstill. AH hands 
were paid off this week. A general impression pre- 
vails tha t operations will be resumed ere long. 
Nothing definite is known touching the intention of 
the company, but it is probable that the old shaft 
will be drained, as paying rock is known to exist 


Hoisting Works. — Calaveras Chronicle, Jan. 13: 
Hoisting works are about to be put up on what is _ 
known as the "Three Ball" gravel claim located on 
the east side of Tunnel ridge on the slope to the Cal- 
averas river. The machinery will be run by water 
power with a 6 ft hurdy-gurdy wheel. It is expected 
that everything will be in readiness and running 
within a month. The mine will be worked by an in- 
cline tunnel in which the gravel has already been 
struck and the water level reached. 

Piping. — Del Norte Record, Jan. 13; Mr. Paris, 
of Big Flat, was in town a few days ago, and re- 
ports everything at the mine in a prosperous con- 
dition. They have finished repairing the ditch and 
flume, and commenced piping the first of the pres- 
ent week. We also learn that the French hill mine 
has been fitted up for work by Mr. Smart, and that 
as soon as a little more rain comes they will com- 
mence washing. This mine has for a long time 
been considered one of the best mines in the coun- 
try, but has laid idle, or been only partially worked 
on account of bad management and litigation. We 
believe all controversy has now been settled, and 
the owner, Mr. Smart, we learn, intends to work the 
mine to the best advantage, and thoroughly test the 
extent and richness of the property in which he has 

The Melton Mine. — Mountain Democrat, Jan. 
13; At the Melton mine, near Grizzly flat, of which 
H. H. McClellan is superintendent and E. Ball 
amalgamator, they prematurely stopped work last 
Saturday, owing to the bursting of the hurdy-gurdy 
wheel. It was a Knight wheel, and Mr. McClellan 
hurried at once to Sutter Creek, where he procured 
a new wheel, which was delivered at the mine Wed- 
nesday night, and the stoppage will be a brief one. 
At the time of the accident they were making their 
first run with the fine 10-stampmill recently erected, 
and the machinery, tramway, and everything con- 
nected with the mill worked to a charm. They had 
calculated on a run of 15 days before cleaning up. 
Saturday was the 12th day, when the stamps and 
batteries were heavily coated with amalgam, and the 
yield was eminently satisfactory. The mine is in 
fine condition for economical and profitable work- 
ing, and all connected with it are sanguine of big 
returns for a long time to come. 

Clipper. — Georgetown Gazette, Jan. 18: Hu- 
som & Powning continue to run the Clipper mine 
with success. They have opened up the main lode 
in good shape. 

The Montezuma. — We regret to record another 
apparent failure on the part of the Montezuma Co. 
to make their furnace work. It will be remembered 
that after several trials, successful only in getting 
out some 20 bars of bullion, Mr. Woodhull pro- 
nounced the water-jacket a fraud and went to San 
Francisco to induce the company to send up a new 
and modern one. Instead of that they sent up an- 
other furnace man — Mr. Austin, we believe — who 
overhauled the thing somewhat and fired it up last 
Tuesday. In a few hours it ran out some pots of 
slag and then "froze" completely. Mr. Madison, 
the Secretary of the company, and Mr. Austin, the 
new smelter, started for San. Francisco the follow- 
ing day, leaving Supt. Griswold to appease unpaid 
creditors. It will be conceded in all this operation 
that the present failure is through no fault of the 
mine, as its thousands of tons of ore lie there wait- 
ing a little intelligence and proper appliances to be 
red-iced to silver. We have no knowledge of what 
the company will do, but hope of course that tbey 
will pay off and start in right, after their costly ex- 
perience. The next company commencing opera- 
dons in this county will do well to avoid endeavoring 
to make reduction works from old junk piles, and 
also have the money to go on — or else not go. 

Miners Discharged. — Inyo Independent, Jan, 
13: Edward Reilly, the managing director of the 
Argus Range Silver Mining Co. , was at the scene 
of their operations at "Camp Reilly" last week. 

January 20, 18&3.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


He ordered the discharge of about 35 men alto- 
gether, leaving but 16 miners now at work. As 
near as the facts can be ascertained, this was simply 
to reduce expenses pending the erection of the mill. 
AH accounts agree that the mines present the best 
showing of any in the county, there being about 
1,000 tons of ore on the dumps, and enough in sight 
or so well opened that a hundred men could be put 
to breaking down one whenever II if wanted. I here 
have been a teriea of delays In getting in the ma- 
chinery for the mill, which is reported as being ->till 
at Mojave, but the carpenter red some 

timbers, and .ire going ahead with tlu-ir work. 


\ >*-■— Gazette, fan. 13: 
ICmtte mill at No. 9 mine has again started up, 
after an interval of three weeks fur repairs and the 

addition of 12 Frue ore concentrators, cloriniiation 
works are also being erected. The M 

in connection with ihe No. Q. has again resumed 
the usual din and bustle of vigorous business u Ui - 
ny. The Uuin • mountain mine, under the man- 

- ■ [9 tempo- 



Hiring the 
elc 135.6 tons of ore were hauled t<j the 
mill and 135. 7 tons were crushed, The av« 

say value of the pulp was 548 i; l )cr ton - ,: 

i ore being $271.84. and the average value 

I . . : 

was valued at $5,723.23. There were 201 carloads 
the mine, ol which amount 27 

■ ere from the slope*, .it the 740 level of 

the shaft, and 64 loads wer trom the 

workings between the 640 and 780 levels. Slopes 

will soon be opened from the 770 shaft level, where 

een reached by the short east crosscut 

: 1 g good ore. 

Standard Gon.— There, were extracted and sent 
to the mills Ufit week 1.427 tons of ore, and $25,- 
573.60 were shipped to the company in San I'ran- 
cisco. The east crosscut, 1,000 level, was. 
during the week 12 ft; total length 1.199 ft- The 
rock in the face is hard and shows no change. The 
east crosscut from the south drift is in 203 ft; pro- 
gress since last report 18 ft. 

Bulwkr Con.— The south drift from the west 
crosscut, 600 level, has been extended since last re- 
port 10 ft; total length 300 ft. There is no change 
in the appearance of the ground cut through, which 
is hard and shows somequartz. 

Bodie Tunnel,— The mill Is kept supplied with 
ore and the stopes look well. There is no change to 
report in the formation. 

THE MASCOTTE. — Grass Valley Union, Jan. 13: 
Work on the Mascolle quartz claim is progressing 
under the superintendency of Mr. George Murphy, 
A perpendicular prospect shaft bas been put down 
to the ledge, some 20 ft, where both the foot and 
hanging walls are found smooth and regular, and the 
nig a pitch of 74 degrees. The shaft is be- 
ing carried down from this point on the pitch of the 
vein to water level, which is 4 by 8 ft inside of tim- 
bers and lined throughout with planking, and will be 
divided into two compartments, one for car track 
and the other foe pump and ladder way. The shaft 
uried up to the surface on the same 
incline, and timbered in the same manner, and then, 
when the hoisting works, which are in process of 
construction are completed, the work of sinking the 
shaft below- water level will be vigorously prosecuted. 
The probabilities are that the Mascotte w ill open out 
into a strong vein, ns the space between the walls 
containing the ledge and ledge matter is between 4 
and 5 ft. 

More of the Little Bonanza.— Nevada Trans- 
cript, Jan. 13: H. B. Nichols' and E. B. Russell's 
quartz mine is still panning out well. In the last 

three days $700 worth of gold has been taken out. 

Ih.- drift yields $100 worth of gold to the foot and 
gives about $1.75 to the pan. The shaft is down 
to water level and in the hard rock below the water 
gold can be seen. .We were shown a lump of gold 

token out to-day which is worth $25 by weight. 


Crescent Mine.— Greenville /?////*•/■/«, [an. 10: On 
Monday evening a clean-up was made at the Cres- 
cent mine after a 4 days' run with 4 stamps, and the 
result was $4,000 worth of bullion. The ore body 
opens out better every day. The Taylor-Plumas 
mill is almost completed; little more than laying the 
water-pipe remains to be done. The Green Moun- 
tain mills are both running steadily, and have been 
yielding better during the past week or two. The 
3 mines arc located in the form of a triangle, the 
Crescent being down on the flat at the foot of the 
mountain, the Taylor-Plumas about 250 yards north- 
west and the Green Mountain about 500 yards south- 
west, and up the mountain. The main lode is con- 
sequently tapped at a greater depth in the Crescent 
mine that in either of the others, and as it is the uni- 
form experience there that the ore is richer as depth 
increases, so doubtless it will be with both of the 
other mines. The present workings of the Green 
Mountain at their greatest depth are several hundred 
ft above even the surface ground of the Crescent 

Spanish Peak.— Plumas National, Jan. 13; 
From Mr. M. Matheson, who has been in the lower 
country for some months, and who called on us the 
other day, we learn that there is good reason 
to believe th capitalists will in ' the early 
spring take hold of the Monte Christo property, 
and push the prospecting tunnel ahead. There are 
many good miners who yet believe that there is a 
magnificent gravel mine in that mountain, and if 
Mr. M. is correct the fact will yet be demonstrated. 
We hope the work will be resumed, for we have 
never lost faith in the property, and believe that it 
only needs muscle and money to show it up among 
the best drift mines in the State. 

Indian Valley. — The new air compressor has 
been received at the Indian Valley mine; the whole 
machinery belonging to it is on the ground. Mr. 
Manson is expected back from San Francisco this 
week, and when he comes he will at once proceed to 
erect the machine and get it to work. 

The Afterthought Mine. — Redding Inde- 
Pendent, Jan. 13: A. J. Loomis, of Red Bluff, who 
is interested in the Afterthought mine at Furnace- 
ville, in this county, tells the Cause that under the 
management of J. O. Stewart the mine is likely to 
be a complete success. Mr. Stewart has a new pro- 

cess of extracting copper and silver from the dirt, 
and it is working to the entire satisfaction of the su- 
perintendent and owners. He is taking out about 
1,000 lbs of pure copper daily, and expects to lake 
out a ton daily as soon as two more stamps are put 
up in working order. The copper taken out has 
been from dirt around th.- luiii-- thai 
valueless, or nearly so, by those who worked the 
ral months since. If the refuse dirt is 
yielding <o satisfactorily, then the company man) 
- 1 good results when the best of pay 


I \.\.— Mountain MtUtitgtr, Jan. 13: The 

Phoenix ouartz mine, at Sierra City, has been hood- 
tern capitalists, and they are proceeding 
with its development. 

A report reaches us that Jack Billings has struck 
a large deposit of rich gravel in his diggings at Se- 
bastopol. Our informant was of the opinion that 
he had reached the main tunnel. 

I j • i.\ Est .'I trinity Journal, Jan. 13: Bart- 
telt & Evans bur .1 new 000-foot bedrock tunnel 
in their mine at R»l Hill, through which water 
Was running last Saturday, when it suddenly 
dammed tip at the head. Three men, Ral Law ton, 
John Dacy and John Luinly went up through the 
tunnel to see what was the matter, and about the 
lime they got to the d.1111 it broke and the rush of 
water washed two of them the entire length ol the 
tunnel and safely deposited them on the dump, the 
third man clinging to the side of the drift and avoid- 
ing the free ride. Fortunately noneof the nun were 
injured aside from some slight bruises. 

A Little Water.— The storm of last week 
started the water in the mines and that was about 
all. More storm is needed at once, as there is so 
little snow on the hills to keep up the supply. 

The Patterson Mine.— Tuolumne ludepen- 
Jait, Jan. 13: Supt. W. F. Drake is making a 
splendid property of the Patterson mine, and the 
company, which is made up of strong and willing 
men, have been lavish in their expenditure to carry 
out the well-framed plans of the master workman. 
So pleased with the results of his stewardship, 
the Trustees East have wired that he had been 
elected superintendent with sole charge. The new 
mill is running 20 stamps. From an experienced 
miner employed, we understand that everything is 
looking splendid — the deeper they sink the belter 
ihe ore. A new chute of ore has been struck in 
the shafl which shows gold freely — vein 6 ft and 
gold belter quality. The No. 3 levels just opened 
are in good ore of higher grade. Had a splendid 
clean-up last month — and returns are better each 
month by almost double. By like good manage- 
ment other mines now lying idle in this county could 
also be worked to good profit. 



OPHIR. — Enterprise, Jan. 13; The broken spur- 
wheel will be repaired by to-morrow. The accident 
has delayed no work at the Union shaft, nor did it 
interfere with Ihe pump, and the water has been han- 
dled without difficulty by apparatus other than that 
affected by the breaking of the wheel. The sump 
in the joint Mexican winze below the 3100 level will 
be completed to-day. 

Sierra Nevada. — On the 2700 level the east 
crosscut is making good progress. It will be in 
ground in aboiit two weeks in which a change may 
be looked for. On the 2900 level the joint Union 
Con. east crosscut is being pushed foward as rapidly 
as possible. 

Union Shaft. — All the new pumps have been 
lowered to the levels on which they are to be set up. 
As soon as all is in readiness for the change, the old 
pumps will be lifted from their foundations and the 
new ones put in their places, beginning with the low- 
est, that on the 2700 level. The breaking of the 
spur-wheel at the Ophir caused no delay, nor will 
it cause any. 

Union Con, — The joint Sierra Nevada east cross- 
cut on the 2900 level is making good headway. Be- 
ing now well out from the station, blasting may be 
pushed. The joint Mexican east crosscut on the 
2900 level is passing into ground showing more 
quartz than was first seen. 

Yellow Jacket. — The old upper levels continue 
to yield about 60 tons of ore per day. On the Sage- 
brush level there is found to be an immense area of 
ore that would yield about $9 per ton, but at the 
present cost of extraction and reduction nothing can 
be done with this. In addition to the work done in 
taking out ore some prospecting is being done, and 
deposits of ore now hidden may be brought to light. 
Mexican. — The joint Ophir winze has been sunk 
12 ft below the 3100 level for a sump. This sump 
will Le completed to-day. A station will now be 
opened at the 3100 level, and a crosscut started east 
in the vein. The bottom of the winze shows an in- 
crease of quartz. 

Chollak. — The south drift has passed into min- 
eral-bearing quartz, giving low assays. The drift is 
fast nearing the Potosi line. At present the trend of 
the lode is toward the east, which causes the drift to 
cut into it deeper than heretofore. The chances are 
good for finding something of value down about the 
north line of the Potosi. 

Alta. — The drain drift to connect with the Sutro 
tunnel on the 1030 level is being advanced at a rapid 
rate. It is now out over 250 ft. The completion of 
this drift will give new life and capacity lo the 
pumps, as it will at once relieve them of the great 
strain of the dead weight of a column of water 1,030 
ft in hight, 

Savage. — The joint Hale & Norcross north drift 
on the 2600 level is being pushed along at the rate 
of about 30 ft per week in ground of promising ap- 
pearance, though rather soft for rapid progress, as 
close timbering is required. Quartz feeders giving 
low assays are beginning to be cut. 

Con. Virginia. — The south drift on the 2700 
level is being advanced at the usual speed. The face 
continues to show quartz giving low assays. All the 
hoisting of men and rock is now being done at the 
C. and C shaft, pending the changing of the pumps 
at the Union shaft. 

Crown Point. — Large quantities of ore still be- 
ing taken out. This is of a very low grade — averag- 
ing but about $11 per ton — but its extraction gives 
employment to a great many men, who would other- 
wise be idle, and keeps the mine and all connected 
with it in good repair, 

ION.— The usual progress is making in the 
main east drift on the 500 level. The material is 
still vein matter, which looks about the same from 
day to day. The drift already shows the lode to be 
u( immense width at tin 

d \M't iKKv.- The west crosscul on the 

2500 level is bring rushed along at the rate of about 
60 ft per week. It is in vein porphyry streaked with 
quartz and seamed with cl.iy. 

Hale am. Norcross.— The Joint s.iv.ige north 

drift on the 2600 level is progressing at the rale of 

about 30 ft per week. The material is a mixture of 
quart/, clay and porphyry, 


i opper.— 1 Iko County Free Press, [an. 13 At 
Bullion, which la also known as Railroad 

away. -i"d with no inconsid- 
erable sucasv The Blue Bell Company a short time 
since completed 1 run of 50010ns of carb 
m their furnace, There is no longer room for doubt- 
ing that the old Empire City mining company 1 prop- 
erty has changed hands, and now belongs tu Mr. 
Rlfej .uiii friends. They are said to have a large 
quantity of galena ore in sight. At the Sweepstake 
mine a tine breast of ore can be seen, which assays 
from 25 to 40 percent, copper and carries $80 a ton 
in silver. 

NSW Discovery.— Pioche Record: Greal tales 

are told on the streets of a wonderful discovery re- 
cently made by Jim Burrows in what he calls Comet 
district. This new find is located on the west side 
of the Highland range, about 10 miles due west of 
the Floral Springs. Several samples of rich ore. 
■!.i h tssays in the hundreds, have been brought to 
town, and if it is anything like the description that 
disinterested parties have given us, they getting their 
information from Burrows, indeed Jim is a most 
fortunate man, and he has more rich ore on top of 
the ground than the trains of Vanderbilt and Gould 
would be able to haul for the next 50 years. There 
is nothing like being lucky, 


GEDDES& Bertr and.— Eureka Sentinel, Jan. 12: 
A representative of the Sentinel had an interview 
yesterday with Mr. Atchison, foreman of the Geddes 
& Bertrand mine. He tells us that they have just 
made a shipment of 18 bars of bullion, 980 fine, val- 
ued at $1,000 each approximately, to the reduction 
works of Selby & Co., San Francisco. The mill is 
reducing about 54 tons daily, the average assay value 
of which is 28 ozs, for which they got, in December, 
$1.13^ per ounce, or about $32 per ton, This, Mr. 
Atchison says, is about the average yield at present, 
$36,000 per month of 30 days. The total expense of 
running mill and mine is $8,000 per month, leaving 
thus a net profit of $28,000 for the month. 

Bullion. — Virginia Enterprise, Jan. 9: The An- 
telope mine, in I J eavine district, has just shipped 5 
bars of bullion to Boston. The mine is being worked 
by Boston folks. 

Bullion Shipment.— Times- Review, Jan. 9: 
Navajo made its regular bullion shipment of 8 bars 
this morning, aggregating $15, 182.50. 

North Belle Isle. — Everything is looking well 
in this mine. The boiler has been repaired, and this 
morning the work of sinking was resumed, and the 
men returned to the places which they occupied be- 
fore suspension. 

Whitewash.— On the hills near the Navajo is 
found a very curious deposit, apparently hundreds of 
feet in extent. It is a white substance resembling 
marl, but when mixed with water makes a superior 
article of whitewash. It hardens immediately, is 
pure white, leaves a good coating, and will not rub 
off like ordinary wash made of lime. It makes a 
beautiful finish. An experiment with the material 
was tried on the ceiling of Cockbin's barber shop. 
At the Grand Prize.— Since Friday last work- 
men have been engaged in putting in place the 
plunger at the bottom of the Grand Prize shaft, 
which job was completed and all connections made 
at 4 o'clock this morning, and the pump set in mo- 
tion. Although the pump is running only 7 strokes 
per minute, at the time of our going to press it had 
emptied the shaft of some 60 or 70 ft of water which 
accumulated therein, showing that it was equal to 
any emergency. The work of hoisting waste, of 
which there is a great accumulation in the drifts, 
will now be resumed, and the work of exploration 
vigorously pushed fenvard. The west drift from the 
700 level, now in some 52 ft, and which was sus- 
pended from fear of encountering a greater flow of 
water, will now be driven ahead. The saving in ex- 
pense of running the Prize, now that the steam pump 
has been discarded, will be $200 per day, or about 
$6,000 per month. 


Smelter. — Phoenix Herald, Jan, 12: By the 1st 
of April the mining interests of Phoenix will receive 
an impetus by the erection of a good-sized smeller on 
one of the copper mines of Castle Creek, and the 
erection of a 40-stamp mill on one of the Cave 
Creek mines. The latter, we are credibly informed, 
will be put up during next month, or at least the 
business of putting it up will begin then, The ener- 
getic work being done in both the sections of coun- 
try named will ere long bring yet other mills and 
smelters into this region of country, where they will 
find almost limitless work and ample remuneration. 

Notes. — Tombstone Epitaph, Jan. 10: The early 
morning of the 1st inst. saw many persons on the 
hills in this district relocating claims. Many had 
their pains for nothing, but we hear of one fortunate 
man who had the hardihood to relocate a well-known 
claim and cleaned up a few days later with $1,500 
for his night's work. We hear of some copper mines 
having lately been discovered in the vicinity of Co- 
chise's stronghold which promise well. We have also 
seen some very fine looking rock from a claim near 
Morris' wood ranch. The last year, however, has 
been a quiet one in this district. Most of the claim 
owners simply kept up their assessment work, and 
others have relocated their properties to hold on for 
another term. Col. Hafford, with his usual luck, is 
the owner of a claim from which he has lately taken 
some samples which assay 20 per cent, copper and $64 
in silver. His claim is situated 10 miles southeast of 
Picacho, in Pima county. The Copper Queen broke 
a shaft of one of their blower engines, and conse- 
quently had to shutdown one of their smelters. Ben. 
Williams, the superintendent, is in town, and by his 

City. Pinal county, under the able management of 
Aaron Mason, superintendent, is now shipping bul- 
lion. The smelter works splendidly. The Santa 
Catarina mine, Pima county, has developed a rich 
vein of copper ore. At the depth of 40 ft a vein of 6 
inches of almost pure metallic copper was struck. 
There is over 1 ,000 tons ol from 18 to 20 per cent, in 
sight. Blue Monday and Emllle how signs of return- 
ing and replenished vitality. 


Wood kiv,rr Times, Jan. 13: Another rich strike is 
reported in the Wolftone nunc, on Deer creek, in the 
lower drift. Last Monday the ledge came in strong, 
and from 2 to 3 ft in width— of rich carbonate and 
galena ore. The dip of the vein, which has hereto- 
t, has changed to the east, and 
the ledge now pitches into the hill. The miners .in- 
going alter it hvely. This new strike is under the 
original discovery, and is very encouraging as indi- 
cating the continuance of the ore chimney in depth. 

A Km EN1 STRIKE.T-Cftpt. Bledsoe, superintend- 
ent of the Penobscot mine, was in town yesterday, 

and reported that ore vva Saturday In 

tunnel No. 3, the lowest workings in the property, 
and at a depth of 150 ft from the surface. The head- 
ng had been in ledge matter for over 100 ft, cutting 
through fine looking vein matter, but early Saturday 
morning ore appeared in the breast. It proved to be 
only a stratum 3 inches thick, but this was followed 
by two other strata of like thickness, and the mere 
finding of ore at that depth is held to be an exceed- 
ingly promising indication. The Penobscot is con- 
trolled by Judge V. Stamps Anderson, of this city, 
and is located about 6 miles from Hailey, on the 
same ledge as the Minnie Moore. 


Mine SoiD.—Infer Mountain, [an. 13: About 
3 months ago Green Campbell, of Utah, and C. X. 
Larabie, of this city, bonded of W.J. McNamara 
and James Larkin a two-thirds interest in the Mount- 
ain view mine for $20,000. The remaining third 
was owned by C. X. Larabie. Since that time the 
property has been actively explored, and the showing 
of the mine so rapidly improved that its purchase 
was decided upon long before the bond expired. On 
Saturday last the necessary deeds were drawn up, 
transferring a two-thirds interest to Messrs, Camp- 
bell and Larabie. The mine adjoins the St. Law- 
rence on the northeast, and if it should prove to be 
an extension of that magnificent ledge, it is worth 10 
times the amount paid for it. The mine is devel- 
oped by a shaft 200 ft deep, from the bottom of 
which considerable exploration has been conducted. 

It is exclusively a copper mine The Colorado 

smelter is reducing about 50 tons of ore per diem. 
The Clear Grit continues to develop handsomely in 
the 220 west level. The Alice company is paying to- 
day. .About $50,000 will be disbursed. Seventy-five 
mineral locations have been recorded during the past 
week in this district. Mechanics are still at work on 
the mammoth machinery at the Anaconda, which 
will not start up for 10 days. The Stedefelt furnaces 
at the Lexington mill are giving excellent satisfac- 
tion, the percentage of chlorinatton being uniformly 
high . 


Pekcha District. — New Mexico Mining World, 
Jan. 3: The Carpenter district, on the opposite side 
of the range from Percha, is being prospected, and 
some good finds reported. Almost pure silver is 
still being taken out of the Solitaire mine, in the 
Percha district. Unless the ore runs out, this mine 
will prove to be one of the richest ever discovered. 
The town of Kingston is very quiet, notwithstanding 
the great activity in the mines. Considerable de- 
velopment work is being done all through the Percha 
district, and the people of Kingston are expecting a 
big boom in the early spring. The 10-stamp mill at 
Hillsboro is doing a big business. It is crushing 
about 20 tons of ore per day. About 3 carloads of 
ore are shipped every week. The Animas mining 
district, 15 miles northeast of Kingston, is reporting 
some very good strikes. The Bullion mine, near 
Kingston, has a true fissure vein, the ore running 
about $250 to the ton. Kingston, named from the 
Iron King mine, and its surroundings, mines and 
prospects, is situated on the strike of the grand min- 
eral belt of the Membres mountains, or Black Range, 
and gives great promise of being a camp of continu- 
ous productiveness. The first rich mineral in the 
district was found on the Solitaire mine last August 
by Jack Shedden, the discoverer of the famous Rob- 
inson mine in Colorado. The claim had been located, 
in 1881, by H. J. Wilson. Shedden, not knowing 
of a firior location, took possession of the mine and 
bonded it to Tabor and Wurtzeback for $100,000. 


Bullion.— Salt Lake Tribune: During the week 
ending January 6lh there were shipped from Salt 
Lake 19 cars of lead, 458,212 lbs; 2 cars copper 
matte, 40.700 lbs, and 51 cars bullion, 1,161,497 tt> s - 
making a grand total of 72 cars, aggregating 1,660,- 
409 lbs. This is a good beginning for the first week 
in the new year. 

Crescent. — Mr. Daily, superintendent of the 
Crescent mines, reports the daily average output 
from the property at about 30 tons. This ore is 
hauled to the sampling mill on runners. There is no 
more snow at Rebellion mine than there was one 
month ago. 

Hidden Treasure. — Capt. Wilder is running a 
long and deep tunnel for the benefit of the Hidden 
Treasure property in Dry canyon. This was a great 
producer for several years. Work on the new smel- 
ters of the Mammoth is. being pushed energetically. 

Sales. — More mining sales are pending in Utah 
at present than at any time in the past two years. 
This is by reason of the big output of ore and bul- 
lion in 1882, and the favorable mining outlook in 
nearly every district in the Territory. 

Tintic is now one of the liveliest mining districts 
in Utah. A great deal of money is being spent in 
development, and the output of ore is larger than 
ever before. 

energy has done much to repair the damages re- -."~" «*v, ~«,. ~~~ 
ported. The Pinal Con. mining company, at Butte I bullion production, 

Several old and supposed to be worked out 
mining camps' in Nevada have lately come to the 
front. Conspicuous among them are Tuscarora, 
Austin, Como, Jefferson and Ophir Canyon, 

Inch are now exceeding their palmiest days in 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1883 

Denver Exposition— No. 23. 

Editorial Correspondence]. 
Pima County, Arizona. 
Pima comity is said to lie the oldest mining 
locality in the United States. The early 
Jesuit missionaries and their immediate associ- 
ates were engaged in mining operations at quite 
a number of different points in this county 
something like 250 years ago. From the many 
old shafts and tunnels which are yet to be seen, 
it is evident that mining was carried on then 
quite extensively. It was within the present 
boundaries of this county that the famous 
"Planchas de Plata" — "planks of silver" — were 
found, which are said to have yielded five tons 
of pure metal. It lies directly west of and ad- 
joining Caehise county. Its valleys contain 
quite an extent of fine grazing land, while its 
mountains are rich in minerals. 

The construction of the Southern Pacific rail- 
road lias imparted a wonderful impetus to the 
mining and other industries of this county, as it 
has, indeed, to the entire Territory, and espe- 
cially to the southern tier of counties, through 
which it passes. The county is divided into 13 
mining districts, and millions of dollars have al- 
ready been invested in opening their numerous 
mines. Harshaw district contains one of the 
leading mines of the Territory — the Herniosa. 
The ore is chloride, and is worked by a 20-stamp 
mill. The yield to date is about §'700,000. It 
has been opened to a depth of over 300 ft. The 
Trench, one of the old Spanish mines, is opened 
to the depth of 400 ft. with steam 
hoisting works. The Hardshell, Alta, Blue 
Nose, American and Independent are among 
the mines of this district. 

Washington Camp district contains many 
large veins of low grade ore, but generally car- 
rying a large per centage of lead. The Belmont 
is one of the oldest locations in the district. It 
has quite a heavy vein of carbonate ore. The 
"Old Howry " mine is one of the most noted of 
the district. It was worked before the war by 
Lieut. Mowry, and gave employment to some 
400 men, mostly Mexicans. Large smelting 
works were erected, but the building and ma- 
chinery were all destroyed by the Apaches. 
The main shaft is down 350 feet. The mine is 
now owned by parties in Tucson. There are 
mines enough in this district to make it one of 
the leading districts in the Territory. 

Tyndall district boasts of quite a number of 
mines with promising prospects, but it is 
claimed that the district has suffered much from 
bad management and unscrupulous speculators. 
Arivaca district contains a 10-stamp mill, 
with steam hoisting works upon the Con. Ari- 
zona. This district also contains the fa- 
mous Cerro Colorado mine, which is said to 
have yielded some two millions of dollars before 
the war. The works were all destroyed by the 
Apaches, and have not been shice rebuilt. The 
mine is now owned by the Arivaca M. and M. 
Co. To the west of Arivaca is the Baboquivari 
range, which is said to contain several valuable 
mines worked by the early Spaniards. 

Oro Blanco district contains several valuable 
mines, yielding chiefly carbonates and free mill- 
ing ores— gold and silver. The Warsaw mine 
has produced some 830,000, and has a 10-stamp 
mill with roaster. The Yellow Jacket also has a 
10-stamp mill. The Empire district, some 
twenty miles east of Tucson and just south of 
the line of the Southern Pacific railroad, has 
recently become somewhat prominent by the 
discovery of the " Total Wreck," said to be an 
immense body of chloride ore, 50 feet wide. A 
large amount of ore has been raised, and reduc- 
tion works are soon to be or are already in pro- 
cess of erection. We have no room for mention 
of other prominent mines and districts. 
Pima county also contains several valuable 
mines of copper— veins are reported 50 feet 
in width, with very rich ores of carbonates, 
oxides and glance. A 30-ton smelter lias just 
been erected by the Huachaeha Company. 

Yavapai County 
Is the largest in area in the Territory. It also 
maintains a prominent position as a bullion pro- 
ducer. It is the leading county in the produc- 
tion of gold, which occurs both in placers and 
in ledges. Silver and copper are also found in 
many localities in almost all the various forms 
of their ores. The first mining discoveries in 
the county were of gold, and made at Weaver 
Creek, at which point mining has been success- 
fully carried on up to the present time. Peck 
district, some thirty miles southeast of Pres- 
cott, has produced a large amount of bullion. 
The Peck mine, in this district, has produced 
over SI ,200,000 since its discovery in 1 S75. Ore 
of extraordinary richness is sometimes met with 
m this mine, which has been opened to a depth 
of over 400 feet. The ore is worked by a 10- 
stamp mill and roasting furnace. 

The Tiger, a silver mine hi Tiger district, 
near the above, is one of the largest veins in the 
Territory— 70 feet between walls. It is opened 
to a depth of over 300 feet, and is equipped 
with steam hoisting works and a 10-stamp mill 
It has thus far produced §250,000. It is a true 
fissure vein, and quite a number of extensions 
have been located. Several valuable mines have 
been opened in the Bradshaw basin, in this dis- 
trict, yielding gold chiefly. A 10-stamp mill is 
located there. 

In the Tip-top district, 50 miles southeast of 
Prescott, there are a great number of promis- 
ing mines, several of which are paying regularly. 

A 10-stamp mill and roaster have been erected 
for working the Tip-top mine, the principal one 
in the. district, which lias already produced over 
■SI, 000,000. There are one or two other mills in 
the district erected for custom work. 

The Hasayaiupa district is located about 10 
miles south of Prescott, in a heavily timbered, 
well watered region, which is considered one of 
the most delightful summer resorts of the Ter- 
ritory. The creek from which the district 
takes its name has been worked for gold ever 
since the first settlement of Arizona by the peo- 
ple of the United States. It is essentially a 
gold producing district. But as depth is 
reached in the mines the gold gradually 'de- 
creases and a large percentage of silver conies 
in, much as on the Comstock lode, at Virginia 
City, Nevada. The Senator has been quite ex- 
tensively worked, and has thus far yielded 
about §175,000. It has a 10-stamp mill. The 
Crook, near by, has produced some §50,000. 
There are at least 30 or 40 other mines in this 
district well worthy of mention. 

Walker district, seven miles east of Prescott, 
embraces the head waters of Lynx creek, the 
richest gold-producing stream yet discovered in 
the Territory. Upwards of §1,000,000 have 
been already taken from it since its discovery, 
in 1863. The district abounds" in valuable mines 
of both gold and silver. The Turkey Creek 
and Big Bug, Grover Creek and Cherry Creek 
districts, all in the immediate vicinity of Pres- 
cott, are well watered and well wooded locali- 
ties, containing rich mines, the most of which 
are as yet but slightly developed, but many of 
which in the near future bid fair to become val- 
uable. The attention of Eastern capitalists is 
now being attracted to this neighborhood. 

Weaver district is one of the oldest mining 
localities in the Territory. From a small de- 
pression upon the summit of Rich Hill §500,000 
in coarse gold was taken, mostly lying upon the 
bed-rock near the surface. About the same 
amount was taken from the three or four gulches 
running down from this locality — §1,000,000 in 
all. A 300-ft. wide gold-bearing quartz vein 
lies near this locality, upon which there are 
about 200,000,000 tons of quartz in sight 
within 100 ft. from the surface. Good, and 
sometimes very rich, milling rock is assorted 
from this immense quartz deposit. Upon the 
Model mine, in the same district, a Huntington 
mill has been erected. Of the Tonto Basin Silver 
Mountain, Walnut Grove, and- other districts, 
we have no space for mention. The Silver Belt 
silver mine, 16 miles east of Prescott, has a 
smelting furnace of seven tons capacity which 
has already turned out over §100,000 in silver. 
The Wickenburg and Zika mines, in Black can- 
yon, are each worked by arastras to good profit. 
Yavapai county is also rich in copper ores, 
which are found in all parts of the county. The 
only mines, however, which have been thoroughly 
opened are those in the Black Hills, about 20 
miles northeast of Prescott. An Eastern com- 
pany has recently purchased the Eureka, and 
has made arrangements to erect reduction works 
upon it. 

Pinal County— Silver King. 
Pinal county has become quite well known 
through the wonderful developments at the 
famous Silver King mine, which may now be 
considered, whether in size of the vein, richness 
and variety of its ores, or in the aggregate of 
the bullion yield, one of the great mines of the 
world. We have already spoken of the rich 
and elegant exhibit which this mine made at 
Denver. The croppings of the Silver King were 
found upon a low conical hill near the center of 
a basin surrounded by spurs of the Pinal Moun- 
tains. This mine was discovered by a dis- 
charged soldier, who, with his associates, after 
working it for two years, taking out several 
thousand dollars, sold it to some San Francisco 
and Oakland capitalists, who still continue to 
work it. The vein matter is chiefly quartz, 
and the ore a sulphuret carrying native silver, 
copper glance, antimony and other combina- 
tions. It forms one of the richest bodies of sil- 
ver ore ever discovered. The main shaft is now 
down over 600 ft., with five levels— shaft and 
levels everywhere showing fine ore, which in 
places is proven by crosscuts to be SO ft. wide. 
The ore is worked by a 20-stamp mill, at Pinal, 
five miles distant from the mine. There are 
also roasting and concentration works. The 
ores are treated by the lixivation process. The 
extensions both upon the north and south are 
being developed by the aid of steam hoisting 
works. The Belcher, in the same district, is a 
promising mine, with a 10-stamp mill. The 
proprietors of the Eureka, upon the same ledge, 
were about making arrangements a year ago to 
put up a mill. A custom mill has already been 
put up, or soon will be, at the mouth of the San 
Pedro, to work several prominent mines in that 

Copper is also found in this county, and a 
30-ton smelter is in successful operation on the 
Gila river, near Florence, treating ores from a 
group of mines in the foothills some five miles 

Gila County. 
This is said to be one of the most thoroughly 
mineralized counties in the Territory, containing 
gold, silver, copper, lead, coal and iron. An 
expedition of nearly 300 men, led by the Gov- 
ernor, penetrated into this county, then an 
Apache stronghold, in 1871, in search for placer 
gold. In their unsuccessful search for that 
they overlooked the really rich mines of silver 
and copper which they passed over. The In- 
dians for a long time guarded well the treasures 
which they knew were hidden within their 
mountain homes,- but the strong arm of the 
white man finally prevailed, and the now fa- 

mous Globe district, in this county, was opened 
up to industry and commerce. Hundreds, if 
not thousands, of tons of rich ore has been 
freighted to San Francisco for treatment from 
this district. A large number of mines are now 
opened. Two 10-stamp mills and one 5-stamp 
mill are now in operation in the district, re- 
spectively on the Miami, the Champion and the 
Townsend mines. 

The Richmond Basin, in this county, has 
become famous for the silver nuggets * which 
have been picked up there — over §SO,000 have 
been picked up from the surface in the vicinity 
of a single camp, near -which is now the Mc- 
Morris mine, which has yielded to date about 
§625,000. The mine is provided with steam 
hoisting works and a 10-stamp mill. There are 
several other valuable mines in the same neigh- 

The McMillenville group of mines, 20 miles 
north of Globe, are located upon an immense 
fissure, traceable for twelve miles across the 
county, one of which — the Stonewall — is well 
known in this city from the rich specimens 
which it has produced. It is now provided 
with a 5-stamp mill and steam hoisting works. 
It has yielded, to the present 'time, consider- 
ably over §300,000. 

Copper mining in this county promises to be- 
come an important business. It contains some 
of the richest in the territory. The Globe, the 
first opened, is now consolidated with several 
others, upon which three furnaces have been 
erected, with a united capacity of 100 tons per 
day. The bullion is shipped to Baltimore, and 
pays from two to three hundred dollars per ton 
in silver. The daily bullion production is about 
four tons. Gen. A. McDowell, of Chicago, is 
one of the principal owners and the earliest 
promoter of this group of mines; he is reaping 
a rich return from his investment. 

Mohave County. 
This county is located on the central portion 
of the eastern border of the Territory. It is a 
mountainous and exceeding rich and abundant 
in mineral bearing veins. Almost every moun- 
tain range appears to be seamed with mines 
rich in silver, gold and copper. Much of the 
county abounds with wood and water. Nearly 
all the ore obtained is picked rock, which is 
shipped to San Francisco at great expense for 
treatment. There are but two .or three small 
mills in the county; but as soon as the Atlantic 
and Pacific railroad makes its connection 
through from Albuquerque, in New Mexico, to 
the Southern Pacific, at Mohave, a new im- 
petus will be given to the mines of this county. 
The same advantage will also accrue to all the 
mineral range of country through the entire 
length of the northern portion of the Territory. 
The famous McCracken lode, which extends for 
miles across the country, is located in this 
county, and with the opening of the railroad 
will begin, with other neighboring mines, to send 
large amounts of bullion to this market. The 
McCracken Consolidated Company has already 
expended §200,000 in improvements, and 
realized over §SOO,000 in silver from its mines. 
The company is now running a 20-stamp and a 
10-stamp mill. 

Yuma County 
Occupies the southwestern corner of the 
Territory. It lias long been known to be rich 
in gold placers, and is comparatively convenient 
of access from the Southern Pacific railroad, 
which passes directly through the county. 
Mining was first commenced here in 1S62, and 
in 1803 fully 2,000 miners were working the 
placers in the foot hills near La Paz, about 70 
miles north of Yuma, who soon took out a mil- 
lion and a half of gold. The mines of Castle 
Dome district, 20 miles north of Yuma, were 
discovered in 1863 by Prof. Wm. P. Blake, a 
well known geologist, for many years a resident 
of this city. There is a large group of mines in 
this district which although yielding a low 
grade of ore, are nevertheless among the most 
profitable in the Territory. It is estimated 
that the destrict has yielded fully §2,000,000. 
Silver district is also one of the leading camps 
of the comity. It is convenient of access, and 
contains some of the heaviest ore bodies in the 
Territory. The Red Cloud, a New York com- 
pany, has, perhaps, the largest development. 
It has yielded over §100,000. Its ores are treated 
at its own \ works — a 20-ton furnace. The 
Ellsworth district is a promising locality — has 
many promismg mines. The Oro mine has a 
five-stamp mill. Messrs. Thomas Eells and 
Richards, of this city, are opening a very prom- 
ising mine in this district. 

Maricopa County, 
East of Yuma, though generally considered an 
agricultural county, has many promising mines. 
The well-known Vulture mine is located in this 
county. This mine has produced §3,000,000. 
It has been opened only to a depth of 400 ft. It 
is a very heavy mine, showing a width at one 
place of fully 100 ft. The ore is now reduced 
in an SO-stamp mill, at a cost of only §2.50 per 
ton. More stamps will soon be added, and the 
bullion product be increased. The Golden Star, 
on Cave creek, is a promismg mine, and has a 
10-stamp mill. A 5-stamp custom mill is also 
in operation about four miles from Phoenix, run 
by water from the Grand canal. 
Graham County 
Is the youngest born of the Territory, but the 
richness, extent and variety of its minerals is 
fast giving it great prominence as a copper and 
bullion producing locality. Graham can proba- 
bly show some of the most productive copper 
minesin the United States. The famous Longfel- 
low mines are located on the San Francisco 

ern Pacific railroad, copper matte was shipped 
from these mines 700 miles by wagons to the 
nearest railroad. But notwithstanding the enor- 
mous cost of the transportation, the mines were 
worked at a profit. This mine appears to be a 
regular mountain of ore; neither tunnel nor drift 
has yet found a vein wall. The property is 
worked as a quarry, rather than a mine. It 
belongs to a company which keeps its business 
to itself. Hence very little information can be 
gained as to its yield. Report fixes it at 
about three and one-half tons of matte 
per day. The amount, whatever it 
may be, will soon be materially increased by a 
proposed increase of the reduction facilities. 
The mines will soon have direct railroad com- 
munication by a branch with the Southern Pa- 
cific railroad. 

Extensive Placers. 
The placer mines on the San Francisco river 
in that country are very extensive and undoubt- 
edly rich. A Boston company has recently 
purchased 1,000 acres of placer ground there, 
and are making preparations to work it on a 
large scale. These, gravel beds have been thor- 
oughly prospected and show good pay gravel 
everywhere. Fifteen miles of piping have been 
laid, and hydraulic appliances will soon be put 
up for working this ground in a thorough and 
economical manner. 

Bullion Yield of Arizona. 
No truer test of the richness ' f the Arizona 
mines can be found than the steadily increasing 
volume of bullion shipments from that Terri- 
tory. _ The yield has probably increased three 
fold since the Southern Pacific railroad has been 
constructed through the so thern mineral 
field of the Territory. A like increase 
may reasonably be expected to follow the com- 
pletion of the Atlantic and Pacific, which is now 
nearly completed through the northern portion of 
the State. And when a complete railroad system 
for the Territory is constructed by branches from 
and connections with the two great trunk lines, 
no one need be surprised to see Arizona suddenly 
step to the very front rank as the largest bullion 
producing Territory in the Union. 

The yield of the Territory for 1881, as re- 
ported by Wells, Fargo & Co., was §4,000,000; 
but this did not include the raw ores, concen- 
trations and large amount of placer gold which 
annually finds its way out by private hands. 
The Mint report for 1SS1 gives the yield for 
that year as §S,440,775. This estimate does 
not include the copper product, which may be 
set down at fully §1,500,000, nor the ores 
shipped out of the Territory. In view of the 
rapid rate of bullion increase, it may be safe to 
estimate the yield for the year 18S2 at fully 

[Since the above was in type we have received 
the following, which is probably as reliable as 
anything we can get short of actual official re- 
ports: "The value of the copper produced in 
Arizona for the year 1SS2 was §2,945,284.40, 
being 17,201,586 pounds. The gold and silver 
yield of the Territory was §10,257,0S9.88. The 
Tucson Star believes there was produced §1,500,- 
000 worth of copper not reported, and therefore 
not included above."] 

This is certainly a good showing for a Ter- 
ritory where total shipment seven years ago 
amounted to only §109,0S3. Probably no min- 
ing region can make a better show for the cap- 
ital invested than Arizona. Capital there has 
been less reckless than almost anywhere else, 
and there is probably no country where the 
character and value of the mines can be more 
readily determined, or with greater certainty. 
Quartz Mills in Arizona. 
The number of quartz mills and stamps in 
Arizona is given in the last Mint Report as fol- 
Cranty. N . Mills. 

Cochise Q 

Gi'a 12 

Maricopa 3 

Mohave 7 

Pima 5 

Pinal 4 

Yavapai 15 

Yuma l 


No. Stamps. 

37 '• 



Useful Hints. 
We clip from a late number of the Prescott 
Miner the following useful hints which may not 
be out of place in this connection: "As a gen- 
eral thing ill Arizona, ores found upon the sur- 
face are free milling, and so long as the ore re- 
mains such in going down upon the various 
mines which have been worked, good results 
were achieved, but so soon as water level is 
struck and sulphurets appear, the ordinary ma- 
chinery in use fails to save the metal, and sus- 
pension of operations is necessary. In every 
instance, ' without a single exception, assays 
show the sulphuret ores to be the richer, hence 
the only thing necessary to make mining a success 
in all this section is the proper machinery for the 
treatment of rebellious ores. Experienced men 
to operate the machinery necessary for properly 
treating base ores is also very essential. Mining, 
like other things, must be dealt with intelli- 
gently, and because one run upon certain ore 
fails to pay it does not necessarily follow that 
another run will. Good management and favor- 
able circumstances have much to do with the 
treatment of ores. " W. B. Ewek. 

Moxey Value or Science.— The Signal Ser- 
vice office estimates that ships containing at 
least §13,000,000 of property, besides many 
lives, were saved from running into the disas- 
trous cyclone during the mouth of November 
last, by the warning it gave. The money thus 
saved in this one storm would pay the expense 

this county. Before the opening of the South- ' of the Service for 10 years, 

January 20, ] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 



Tut: ( Us vi-l IN I' I ll'I.KTKh 

J'. IS--.7. Mi. < nllin-u | « 

neer of Government railway^ whi 
on a tour of inspection over bhe Canadian Pa- 
cific railway, haa been interviewed bj a ■■ 
of the >t. John, N. B., Sttn on the pi 
work "it the great national highway with tin* 
following into tnlto: 

tthu station," said Mi-. Bohreiber, with 
the tii •>! r in. m who knows iual what an inter- 
viewer wanta antl exactly what he doi 
quire, "is the western terminus of the ol 
non "i the < Canadian < Central, The track is laid 

!ln)u ( aleudai for tliii t\ Hill. 

ward, and the road u graded for about fcwentj 

in advance of that I this point, fifty 

miles v. bo Pi 

gap, and the now -it work locate 

Eng the hue. Between Pio river' and Prince 
Arthurs Landing ;i long stretch of rough, hilly, 
. intervenes, Here the grading is 
ing very rapidly, and probabii five or 

i position. ' 
i" Prince Arthui ■- i . tnding con 

m, h bich u 650 
miles or th from the crossing ol the 

Saskatchewan. Surveys arc in progress over 
Idea t" Kamloops, The eastern end of 
the work t<> E&mory's Bar, 127 miles is being 
constructed. 11 


the many canals projected on the continent at 
mnect the I fanube and the 
Elbe, one from < lologne to Antwerp, and a third 
t«t connect Brussels and Louvain with the Bea, 
likewise by \\ ay of Antwerp, The Danube- 
Elbe project is an important one, for the pro- 
po canal would be 138 miles long, and 
would, it ig estimated, cost $29,000,000. The 
depth of the water in the canal would be six 
and a half feet, and the width of the canal bed 
ight feet. The value of each of these 
canals obviously would l>e very great; and 
that connecting Cologne and Antwerp would 
have an immense influence in still further de- 
veloping tin- resources of Belgium. The pros- 
perity of Cologne would be greatly enhanced, 
r i on ommation most devoutly to be wished, if 
it should carry with it sonic diminution of the 
"seventy Btinke, all well defined, and 
several stenches," of the city of the Eleven 
Thousand V urging. 

Tni:( 'ii a ssKt. Ti nnki.. —According to reports 
from Paris, the suspension of the boring of the 
Channel tunnel is regarded in that city as a la- 
mentable error of judgment on the part of the 
I i.\ ernment and people of England. The French 
company, meantime, arc going forward diligently 
with the boring on this side. M. Raoul Duval, 
the Director Ol the Calais and 1 lover railway, 
and a strong partisan of the scheme, has just 
been to Calais for the purpose of inspecting the 
works, which are progressing perfectly under 
the direction uf M. Breton, the engineer who is 
conducting this great undertaking. The gallery 
On the French side is now about 1,600 ft. in 
length, with a square diameter of a little over 
six and a half feet, and it already extends to a 
distance of over 100 ft. under the sea. The 
Beaumont machine, which is worked by com- 
pressed air, will he used until the gallery meas- 
ures about 5,000 ft. in hight. 

Electric Navigation - . — Prof. S. P. Thomp- 
son lately gave a description of the trial trip of 
the Electricity, a launch propelled by a screw 
actuated by an electro- motor, the current for 
which was supplied by storage batteries of the 
Sellon-Volckinar type. The launch is 26 feet 
long, about 5 feet wide, and draws about 2 feet 
of water, the propeller being about 22 inches in 
diameter. She carries 45 storage batteries, each 
about 10 inches cube, said to be capable of sup- 
plying 4 horse-power for hours. The accumu- 
lators have an electro-motive force of 96 volts, 
and during the run the current through each 
machine was steadily maintained at 24 amperes. 
Prof. Thompson reports the speed of the vessel 
to have been about 8 knots an hour against the 
tide, while the return journey from London 
Bridge to Millwall (distance not stated) was 
made in 24 minutes. 

Sawdust in the Uppeu Mississippi. — The 
statement was made some time ago on what 
seemed to be good authority, that the Upper 
Mississippi was gradually becoming tilled with 
sawdust, and that it was or soon would be 
detrimental to navigation. Wood and Iron 
says that a joint committee of prominent busi- 
ness men and steamboatmen of St. Paul and 
Minneapolis have been making an investiga- 
tion of this matter, and found no sawdust ac- 
cumulating in the main channel, and think the 
accumulation in the eddies and shallows will 
prove an advantage, instead of, as was at one 
time feared, a serious impediment to navigation; 
that is, by lodging on the wing-bars and shal- 
lows it serves the i>urpose of protecting them 
from the washing of the current, by which the 
sand was removed and deposited in the main 
channel. _____ 

A NovklBridgf. — A patent lias recently been 
taken out for a bridge, which is so constructed 
that it will be raised off its foundations by high 
water, and at the same time can be used for 
crossing. To each end of the bridge aprons are 
hinged, which connect at one end with the 
foundations at the road levels and with the 
bridge at the other end, and afford practicable 
ascent to and descent from the bridge while it 
is floating above the foundations. 


Chinese Mo;ie of Manufacturing Sheet 

Tin- making of sheet had for th< 

■ Bomew hat important industry 
of Hongkong, It is made principally in sundry 
establishments to the westward. On entering 
one, the workmen will be seen with shears 
busily employed in cutting out the sheets of 
i.. i tiapi i ( " 
shears are simply a large pair of scissors, firmly 
■■[ two '< el ni hight. 

Tin lower blade <»f the shears fcermi 

H]uai e pi pointed, 

as is the upper blade. The sheets of lead will 
observed to be of small size and some- 
what irregular in shape, and this arises from 
the method ol manufacture, as will subse- 
quently be Been. Going further into the shop 
will be situ an iron pan raised 12 inches ol so 
above tin- ground and carefully finished off. 
Beneath this iron pan is a furnace, and at the 
in- pan uext the wall is the line com- 
municating with it. In this pan the lead i* 
melted, and when judged to Ik- hot enough, the 
workmen take two of tin:' targe, square paving 
tile, which may be seen almost any where in the 

colony, and these arc thi.ii smoothly and care- 
fully covered with -several layers of unsized 
paper. Saving placed these two tiles before 

him, one above the other, the workman raises 

ii-' Upper tile with his left hand, and taking a 
ladle of tin.' proper si/e in his right, he dips it in 
the melted lead and then pours its contents on 
the upper tile and quickly presses the lead out 
in the form of a sheet. The paper being a bad 

conductor of heat, the lead does nut solidify 
Immediately it leaves the ladle, and, by long 
practice, the workmen always ladle out exactly 
the same quantity of lead; the sheets made vary 
but little in size uv thickness. 

"Crackle" Glass. 

An ingenious process for producing glass with 
an iced or crackled surface, suitable for many 
decorative purposes, has been invented in France 
by Bay. The product appears in the form of 
sheets or panes, bne side of which is smooth 
and glossy like common window glass, while the 
other is rough and filled with innumerable crev- 
ices, giving it the frozen or crackled appearance 
so much admired for many decorative purposes. 
The peculiar crackled surface is obtained by 
covering the surface of the sheet on the table 
with a thick coating of some cross -grained flux 
mixed to form a paste, or with a coating of 
some more easily fusible glass, and then subject- 
ing it to the action of a strong fire, either open 
or in a muffle. As soon as the coating is fused, 
and the table is red hot, it is withdrawn and 
rapidly cooled. The superficial layer of flux 
separates itself in this operation from the un- 
derlying glass surface, and leaves behind the 
evidence of its attachment to the same, in the 
form of numberless irregularities, scales, irreg- 
ular crystal forms, etc., giving the glass surface 
the peculiar appearance to winch the above 
name has been given. The rapid cooling of the 
glass may be facilitated witli the aid of a stream 
of cold air, or by continuously projecting a 
tine spray of cold water upon it. By protect- 
ing certain portions of the glass surface from 
contact with the flux, with the use of a template 
of any ornamental or other desired form, these 
portions will retain their ordinary appearance, 
and will show the form of the design very 
strongly outlined beside the crackled surface. 
In this manner letters, arabesque and other pat- 
terns, in white or colored glass, can be pro- 
duced with great ease and fine effect. 

Luminous Paint.— The color of the light of 
luminous paint is generally white, or at first a 
little bluish or yellowish white. A Dresden 
firm now produces various paints — pure white, 
blue, red, green, violet and gray, so that the 
objects which become luminous at night may 
have a pleasing appearance by day. This paint 
is fast becoming utilized for various purposes. 
The last use noticed is that of a railway carriage 
painted inside, and intended to be placed on one 
of the trains between London and Kotherhithe, 
via the Thames tunnel. Although only one- 
half of the available space of the carriage is 
painted, the phosphorescent light is quite suf- 
ficient to enable the passengers to distinguish 
small objects when passing through the tunnel; 
and, moreover, the light is powerful enough to 
enable a person to read the indication of an or- 
dinary watch. It is probable that the railway 
companies will be enabled to effect a consider- 
able saving in gas and oil by using the phos- 
phorescent paint. 

Water Proof Paper. — By plunging a sheet 
of paper into an ammoniacal solution of cop- 
per for an instant, then passing it between the 
cylinders and drying it, it is rendered entirely 
impermeable to water, and may even be boiled 
without disintegrating. Two, three or any 
number of sheets rolled together become per- 
manently adherent, and form a material having 
the strength of wood. By the interposition of 
cloth or any kind of fiber between the layers 
the strength is greatly increased. 

New Pa vino Material. — An experiment is 
to be made in New Orleans to adopt mosquito 
wood, a native of Texas, very durable and 
nearly as hard as iron, for street paving pur- 
poses. It is so abundant that the cost of cut- 
ting and transporting it will be very light. 

Tin: bieyde is steadily widening its field of 
usefulness. The experiment of its employment 
by totter carrierafer the delivery and collect) I 

mail matter BeemS to be a success, and it is 

likely that the next thing will be its utilization 
for ii" delivery of newspapers in suburban 
Localities. In the West it is already coming 

into use for newspaper delivery, The Cine ati 

is served regularly to subscribers in the 
townol Greenville, Ohio, by carriers mounted 
upon bh ■ 

W hi ii. -I UPAN FOR Kit in TORS. A white 

r lamp reflectors which hac a tine porce- 
lain finish and needs mi heating is made as fol- 
lows : Mix [in re white zinc (dry) with sufficient 

soluble glass [silicate Of soda] in be easily ap- 
plied with a brush. Apply one coat and drj 
by artificial heat, if convenient; then apply a 
second lieavj coat, and dry cither in an oven at 
from 150 to 200 K. or at ordinary tempera- 

Solidifying Petroleum.- We have already 
in this column mentioned the fact that Borne 

French chemists had succeeded ill so solidifying 

petroleum that it could be readily handled in 
solid cubes. We now learn that this solidifica- 
tion is effected by adding to distilled petroleum 
25 per cent, of the purified juice of plants be- 
longing to the family of the euphorbiaca*. Pe- 
troleum solidified burns like tallow or paralinc. 

Il;o\ and wood may be joined with the fol- 
lowing composition: Fine Russian isinglass is 
dissolved in strung acetic acid (pyroligcneous 
acid) until the consistence of a strong, firm glue 
is obtained. 

A NEW glass, transparent and more brilliant 
than common crystal, but containing no silex, 
potash, soda, lime, or borax, has been invented 
by a chemist in Vienna. It can be cut and 
polished, and when fused adheres to iron, 
bronze and zinc. 

Annexation Extraordinary.— A few weeks 
ago, during a heavy storm, the Kio Grande 
river suddenly changed its course by cutting 
through a bend near Camargo, and thus placed 
several acres of inhabited territory in Mexico 
within the legal limit of the United .States. 

Utilizing Pyrites. — The manufacture of sul- 
phuric acid from pyrites has recently been com- 
menced at Nashville, Teim., and at Atlanta, 


"Weight" in the Stomach. 

I frequently meet a case of indigestion, the 
most marked feature of which is what the pa- 
tient calls "weight in the stomach." Some- 
times it is spoken of as a pressure, and again as 
stricture, but the most common word is weight. 
Sometimes the patient will say, "It Beems to 
me I have a stone or a mass of iron; 1 ' and one 
lady said, the other day, "I have an iron wedge 
in my stomach." Generally these sufferers at- 
tribute the sensation to the weight of food. A 
clergyman said, "I suppose my stomach has 
become sensitive to pressure, and the food press- 
ing upon the surface which has become so ten- 
der produces this sensation of weight." This 
explanation is entirely at fault, Instead of be- 
ing produced by the presence of a heavy mass 
in the stomach, in its most intense and unbeara- 
ble forms, I have found that it does not appear 
in connection with a full meal, but is much 
more likely to come on after eating a few' mouth- 
fuls of cracker or fine flour bread, or a single 
hot biscuit. The patient may have ground it 
between his teeth with the greatest care, but, 
soon after swallowing, this sensation of weight 
appears. More frequently, however, there 
seems to be no connection whatever with the 
presence of food in the stomach. The sensation 
is not produced so much by what is in the stom- 
ach as by certain conditions of the walls of the 
stomach itself; in brief, it is produced by con- 
gestion of the walls of the organ. Accompany- 
ing this congestion there is generally an adhe- 
sive mucus poured out which sticks to the inner 
coat. I may add that this sensation of w r eight 
is nearly always a little to the right of the pit 
of the stomach, and that it is found that the 
congestion and adhesive mucus, which seem to 
stand in the relation of cause to this sensation, 
are found at the right or pyloric extremity of 
the stomach. 

This sensation of weight is not relieved by 
stimulus. If it was produced by a load of food 
pressing upon the weakened walls of the stom- 
ach, a glass of wdiisky or wine would afford at 
least a tempory relief, whereas it is found that 
the employment of alcoholic drinks only in- 
creases the trouble. Indeed, dxamkards suffer 
more intensely from this sensation of "w r eight 
in the stomach" than any other class of dys- 

The most striking relief, for the time being, is 
obtained from hot fomentations over the pit of 
the stomach. » A mustard poultice applied over 
the stomach is very effectual. — Dr. W. L&wis. 

The Conditions of Health. — In order to 
have good health, the following conditions are 
imperative: 1. Pure air. 2. Pure and nutri- 
tious food. 3. Proper exercise. 4. Undis- 
turbed sleep. 5, Regularity. 6. Temperance 
in all things. 7. Pleasant and active mental, 
moral and social conditions. 8. Right bodily 
positions. 9. Cleanliness. 10. Sunlight. — 
Herald of Healthy 

■ oi Sh km.-, a reporter visited Mr. 

Brewer's Academy, at San Mateo, at the ti t 

the death of Ashley Oldham, of Gilroy, one of 
the pupils. As there were some cases cf diph 
thena in the school, the eye of the reporter was 
led to notice the superabundant .shade ol 
and shrubs which shut out the sunlight from 
the premises and caused unwholesome vapors 

from the irrigated grounds to produce diseased 
germs. In his judgmi nt. this was the cause of 

sickness at that pleasantly-situated institution, 
A few days since we were driving on the San 

.loan road and noticed the BUITOUndingS of the 

residence of the Allen family, in which there has 

recently been one fatal ease of qUUlSV and ■ re- 
ported case or tWO of diphtheria. I in the BOUth 

side of the house, a tew feet distant IV it. is 

a corral where seres of cows stand at milking 
time, and where they leave their fecal matter to 

drj in the sun and poison the air, This foul, 

disease-breeding air is wafted by the southern 
breeze into the house, where the sick try to live 

oil' its effects by the aid of medicine and tin- 
daily visits ot the doetor, which extend over 
weeks and months. The Buffering inmates want 
pine air. Move them, and the house with them, 

to tie' line elevation some few hundred yards 
to the west, and in a short time they will be 
able to "throw physic to the dues!" Qilroy 

Carbolic Acid for Diphtheria.— In a com- 
munication to the ( Ihicago .I/- cReal Journal, Dr. 
Mel liH describes a method of treating diptheria, 

from which he has secured far better results 
than from any other, He uses an ordinary hose, 
from two to live feet long and about one inch in 
diameter. One end of this is placed over the 
spout of a common tea kettle, into which has 
been put half a gallon of water and half an 
ounce of carbolic acid; the kettle is then placed 
on the stove over a good fire, and when the wa- 
ter reaches the boiling point the end of the hose 
is carried under a blanket thrown over the pa- 
tient's head. The room must be closed. In a 
short time the patient will perspire freely. If 
persevered in at short intervals, the breathing 
becomes softer, and presently, after a succession 
of quick, expulsive efforts, the patient throws 
off a coat or tube of false membrane. The acid 
vapor seems to prevent the reformation of exu- 
dations. Alcohol and sulphate of quinine are 
used in conjunction with the aeid for the sup* 
porting properties. 

Anaesthetic Bullets.— A German chemist 
has invented a new kind of bullet, which, he 
urges, will, if brought into general use, greatly 
diminish, if not altogether remove, the horrors of 
war. The bullet is of a brittle substance, break- 
ing directly as it comes in contact with the ob- 
ject at which it is aimed. It contains a power- 
ful anaesthetic, producing instantaneously com- 
plete insensibility, lasting for twelve hours, 
which, except that the action of the heart con- 
tinues, is not to be distinguished from death. 
A battle field where these bullets are used will 
iu a short time be apparently covered with dead 
bodies, but in reality merely with the prostrate 
forms of soldiers reduced for the time being to 
a state of unconsciousness. While in this con- 
dition they may, the German chemist points 
out, be carefully packed in ambulance wagons 
and carried off as prisoners. Whole cities may 
in a like manner be reduced to helplessness by 
means of shells charged with the same com- 
pound. The anaesthetic bullet is also strongly 
recommended to the burglar and to the house- 
holder, no risk of hanging being involved by 
its use. 

A New Theory of Consumption;— Con- 
sumption has hitherto been regarded as a dis- 
ease of the lungs, which cannot be reached di- 
rectly except by inhalation, and the value of 
that form of medication is problematical. A 
new theory of the disease, called the Salsbury 
theory, makes it one of unhealthy alimentation. 
According to this view, it is the fermenting of 
food in the stomach, which furnishes to the cir- 
culation noxious material that affects the lungs 
on reaching those organs. Granting the truth 
of the theory, we shall have to consider con- 
sumption as curable. All that needs to be done 
is to use only such food as will not ferment in 
the stomach, and to clean out that .organ occa- 
sionally by a judicious use of warm water, with 
simple tonics before meals to aid the digestive 
process. A weak solution of ferne per slib 
phate is recommended for inhalation to check 
hemorrhage in the severe stage of the disease. 
The idea is well worthy the attention of the 
many wdio are supj>osed to he in the initial 
stages of consumption. It would be an ines- 
timable boon if it be the means of saving them, 
to say nothing of the many others whose casey 
are otherwise hopeless. — Chicago Tribune. 

House Plants and Consumption. — Professor 
Crudelli, of Rome, points out in the Practitioner 
that the keeping of plants in ill-ventilated 
rooms may cause malarious infections even in 
regions where malaria is unknown. Professor 
Eiehwald, of St. Petersburg, reports the case of 
a lady who was attacked by true intermittent 
fever while living hi a room containing plants, yet 
after the removal of the flower pots a cure with- 
out a relapse was effected. The unwholesome 
influence is said to be due, not to the plants, 
but to the damp earth in which they grow. 

Food fob, Consumptive Patients. — Milk 
powder, mixed with powder of beef, is re- 
ported as having been used successfully by 
Dr. Dujardin-Beaumetz in keeping up the 
strength of consumptive patients. For use 
both articles are dissolved in ordinary milk, 
and the stomach is said to be very toleiantof 
the mixture, 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1883 


DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 

Office, 252 Market St., jV. E. comer front St. 
t& Take the Elevator, So. IS Front St. TEH 

W. E. EWER Senior Editor. 

Addrbsb editorials and business letters to the firm. 
Individuals are liable to be absent. 

Subscription and AdvertisingRates. 

Subscriptions— Six months, »Z . 25; 1 year, $4, payable 
in advance. 
Advertising Ratks. 1 week. 1 month. 3 mos. 12 mos 

Perline 25 .80 $2.20 S5.00 

Half inch (1 square) 81.50 84.00 10.00 24.00 

Oneinch.... .;..... 2.00 5.00 14.00 40.00 

Large advertisements at favorable rates. Special or 
reading notices, legal advertisements, notices appearing 
in extraordinary type or in particular parts of the paper, 
at special rates. Four insertions are rated in a month. 

Our latent forms go to press Thursday evening. 
Entered at S. F. Postoffioe as Second Class Matter 

The Scientific Press Patent Agency. 
DEWEY & Co., Patent Solicitors, 


W. B. EWER. 


Saturday Morning, Jan. 20, 1883. 


EDITORIALS.— The Heald and MorriB Engine; Acad- 
emy of Sciences; Expenses of Mining Companies, 33. 
Passing Event*?; Expenditures on Placer Claims; The 
Consolidated Virginia Mine; Getting Rid of Non-Paying 
Partners, 40. The Keeley Motor; Gold in Alaska; 
Engliih Slag Hearth Furnace, 41. Patents ai>d Inven- 
tions: Notices of Recent Patents, 44 

ILLUSTRATIONS.— The Heald and Morris "Reli- 
abje" Horizontal Engine, 33. Vertical Section of the 
English Slag Hearth; Horizontal Section of the English 
Slae Haarth. 41- 

MECHANICAL PROGRESS.— Selecting and Us- 
ing Belts; An Asphalt Mortar; A New Method of Mak- 
ing Kailway Spikes; Keep Your Machinery ^Clean; Mal- 
leable Brass; Use Both Hands; A New Tram Car: Won- 
derful Iron-Making Process; The Finishing File; Slot- 
tine Screws; Frost and Fracture; Nail Mills, 35. 

SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS.— The Origin of Life; 
Siemens' New Solar Theory; New Safety Lamp; A Pretty 
Scientific Experiment; Speculation in Electricity; Sin- 
gular Laboratory Explosion; New Photo-Electric Bat- 
tery; Professor Koch's Discovery Disputed; The Growth 
of Lanc-uaee. 35. 

MINING STOCK MARKET.-Sales at the San 
Francisco Stock Biard, Notices of Assessments, Meet- 
ings and Dividends 36. 

MINING SUMMARY— From the various counties 
of California, Nevada, Arizona, Idaho, Montana, New 
Mexico and Utah 36-7. 

THE ENGINEER— The Canadian Pacific to be Com- 
pleted in lSa7; Canal Construction in Europe; The 
Channel Tunnel; Electric Navigation; SawduBt in the 
UDner Mississippi; A Novel Bridge, 39. 

Manufacturing Sheet Lead; "Crackle" Glass; Luminous 
Paint; Water Proof Paper; New Paving Material; Whitt 
Japan for Reflectors; Solidifying Petroleum; Annexa- 
tion Extraordinary; Utilizing Pyrites, 39. 

GOOD HEALTH.— "Weight," in the Stomach; CauBes 
of Sickness; Carbolic Acid for Diphtheria; The Condi- 
tions of Health; AniE3thetic Bullets; A New Theory of 
Consumption; House Plants and Consumption; Food 
for Consumptive Patients, 39. 

NEWS IN BRIEF —On page 44 and other pages. 

MISCELLANEOUS.-Southern Nevada; Veriigoed 
by the Geologists; Mexican Mining Laws; SierraCounty 
Mines; Air in Mines,',34. Denver Exposition— No. 23, 
38. Nevada's Salvation, 42. 

Business Announcements. 

Books— G. & C. Merriam & Co., Springfield, Mass. 
Powder— Tonite Powder Co., San Francisco. 
Notice of Dissolution— South ComBtock G. &S. M. Co. 
Machinist Tools— Adr. Ketscber, San Francisco. 

Passing Events. 

There is very little news to report from the 
mining point of view. The news from Alaska, 
which we give in another column, telling of the 
discovery of rjlacer mines on the Yukon river, is 
important; still it has been known that there 
was gold on the Yukon some time since, but the 
expedition now there is the first one which has 
made systematic work of it. They had a steamer 
and plenty of provisions. In a few years much 
more attention will be given to Alaska mining 
matters than is now the case. 

TheStateLegislatureisinsession, but has done 
nothing so far of special interest to the miners 
or mechanics of the coast. 

At a meeting of the Pacific Exchange Associ- 
ation after the adjournment of the Stock Board, 
the building and property of the Association 
was disposed of to an unknown bidder, supposed 
to be Charles Crocker, represented by C. H. 
Reynolds, a real estate dealer. The amount 
was $81,000, which is said to be a great sacri- 
fice. The land alone is said to have cost §192,- 
000, and the buildings nearly $40,000 more. 
The Board will continue to occupy the building, 
renting of the purchaser. 

The Navajo and Independence mines, at Tus- 
earora, paid $40,000 to miners, teamsters and 
merchants this week on December account. 

Expenditures on Placer Claims. 

A very unexpected decision has been an- 
nounced by the Supreme Court of this State 
in the matter of assessment work on mining 
claims, declaring that annual expenditures are 
required on placer claims the same as on 

This decision is entirely contrary to what has 
generally been supposed to be the law of the 
subject. Section 2, 324 of the Revised Statutes 
provides that, "On each claim located after the 
10th day of May, 1872, and until a patent has 
been issued therefor, not less than §100 worth 
of labor shall be performed or improvements 
made during each year." 

Heretofore all the constructions of the law by 
the Interior Department, the Commissioner of 
the General Land Office, or the courts, have 
been to the effect that only lode claims were 
subject to the annual expenditure, placer claims 
being omitted. 

In the case in point, however, is a very im- 
portant decision, overthrowing all previous rul- 
ings. The case is that of Carney vs. the Ari- 
zona Mining Co. , of Sierra county. The case 
was originally tried in the Superior Court of 
that county, and in substance was as follows: 
Carney and others located a tract of placer min- 
ing ground at the head of Jim Crow canyon, 
marked their boundaries properly, ran a tunnel 
several hundred feet in length and did other 
work. Some years afterwards the Arizona com- 
pany located a large portion of the same ground, 
ran a long tunnel and applied for a patent. The 
original locators filed an adverse claim. The 
case came to trial, and the Arizona company set 
up that the boundaries were not, at the time they 
relocated, so marked as to be readily traceable, 
and that for more than a year previous the 
yearly exjjenditure had not been made. The 
plaintiff proved properly marked boundaries, 
and the Court held that no yearly expenditure 
was required by United States law on placer 
claims. Decision was rendered in favor of 
plaintiffs, and defendants appealed. It is the ap- 
pealed case just decided which reverses the gen- 
erally accepted tenor of the law. The appellant 
relied principally on the failure to do annual 
work, and this view of the case has been ac- 
cepted and the decision of the Superior Court 
reversed, judgment being given for the de- 

There is one point about this case that will 
make it a leading one. There were no local 
laws involved, as there were none in force in the 
district, and the decision is therefore one of gen- 
eral application referring to the general mining 
laws of the United States. . Under this decision 
$100 will have to be spent in labor or improve- 
ments each year on placer claims of 20 acres, or 
$800 on each 160 acres, a fact miners will do 
well to remember. In view of the importance 
of this decision, we give it in full : 


[Filed December 21, 1882.] 
Carney "\ 

vs. | 

The Arizona Gold j No. 8,639. 
Mining Company. J 

In December, 1876, plaintiffs and their grant- 
ors located a series of placer mining claims, 
which claims contained about 1 00 acres. Work was 
done on said claims until October, 1 S7S, since which 
day the Court finds "plaintiffs did no work or 
made any improvements on their claim, of any 
value whatever, for the purpose of working, pros- 
pecting or improving their claims." The Court 
also finds that during the absence of the plain- 
tiffs and their grantors, defendant's predecessors 
in interest, August 7, 1S80, entered upon a por- 
tion of said lands, and located by Government 
subdivisions 81 72-100 acres of the mining 
ground previously located by plaintiffs prede- 
cessors in interest, in compliance with the laws 
of Congress, and proceeded to work by tunnel 
and shaft within their location lines, but outside 
of the boundaries of plaintiffs claims, and had, 
at the time of commencing this suit, expended 
$6,000 in such work. 

The substantial question involved in this con- 
troversy is whether the laws of Congress, re- 
quiring a certain amount of annual work to be 
done by persons claiming to hold until patent 
issued, apply as well to the class of claims known 
as placer claims as to the class known as lode or 
vein claims. The Act of Congress of May 10, 
1872 (Sec. 2234, U. S. Rev. Stat. ), requires that 
"on each claim located after the 10th day of 
May, 1872; and until a patent has been issued 
therefor, not less than $100 worth of labor shall 
be performed or improvements made during each 
year;" and upon a failure to perform such work, 
the claim shall be open to relocation in the same 
maimer as if no location had ever been made, 
provided that the original locators or their rep- 
resentatives have not resumed work before such 
relocation. Granting that from a close reading 
of the various sections of the act, from Section 

2,319 to 2,328, Revised Statutes, it might ap 
pear that the clauses of Section 2,324, above re- 
ferred to, were intended to apply only to claims 
upon lodes or veins, we are of opinion that Sec- 
tion 2,329 removes any doubt, and that the per- 
formance of annual work is required as well 
upon the one class of claims as upon the other. 
In Section 2,329 it is declared that claims usu- 
ally called placers, including all forms of de- 
posit, excepting veins of quartz or other rock, 
in place, shall be subject to entry and patent, 
under like circumstances and conditions and upon 
similar proceedings, as are provided for vein or 
lode locations. We think the effect of this sec- 
tion is to declare that the circumstances and con- 
ditions under which vein or lode claims may be 
entered and patented shall be likewise applica- 
ble to placer claims; that as a location of a vein 
or lode claim may be kept alive for the purpose 
of entry and patent only by the performance of 
the requisite amount of annual work, so & placer 
claim must " be kept alive for the same 
purpose in the same manner. The Act of Janu- 
ary 2, 1880 (21 Stat, at Large, 61), amending 
Section 2,324, Revised Statutes, is in harmony 
with this view, in speaking, as it does, of "the 
vein, lode, ledge or deposit sought to be pat- 
ented. " 

Judgment reversed and cause remanded, with 
instructions to render judgment for defendant 
as to the lands within its location. 

We concur: Myrihk, J. 

Morrison, C. J. 

Sharpstein, J. 

The Consolidated Virginia Mine. 

The famous Consolidated Virginia mine on the 
Comstock, that paid for months consecutively 
million dollar dividends, and made colossal, for- 
tunes for a few men, only produced in bul- 
lion last year the pitiful smn of $1,631.48. 
Yet the mine has been constantly worked. The 
work has been confined to opening out and par- 
tially prospecting the 2,500 and 2,700 levels, in 
the accomplishment of which there have been 
hoisted 10,090 tons of waste rock. On the 1,500, 
1,650, 1,750 and 1,950 levels the drifts connect- 
ing with the old stopes still remain bulkheaded, 
it not being considered prudent as yet to at- 
tempt opening the old stopes. On the 2,300 
level the drift run by the Best and Belcher 
Co. from the Gould and Curry and Best and 
Belcher joint shaft was connected in May last, 
and forms a valuable connection between that 
shaft and the C. and C. shaft. No further work 
has been done on this level except keeping open 
the various drifts, and connecting winzes neces- 
sary for ventilation. 

AYork will soon be commenced to continue 
the winze from the 2,500 level, now sunk 218 
feet, down to the 2,900 level. The 2,700 level 
was reached last February by the joint winze 
sunk from the 2,500 level. A station was cut 
out and a joint lateral east drift was started 
in March. This joint east drift has been ex- 
tended 450 feet and connected with the main 
south lateral drift run through the lateral 
ground in June last, which carries the natural 
ventilation down to this level and forms a base 
for future operations in depth. 

Mr. W. H. Patton in his annual report con- 
cludes as follows: Our work the past year has 
demonstrated the fact that the Comstock lode 
in our lower levels continues to show great 
strength of formation, and the cutting of seams 
of quartz, giving assays, in the ' various drifts 
on the 2,500 and 2,700 levels, shows that it is 
mineralized, with a probability of finding ore 
deposits of value when the lower levels are 
fully opened. By the judicious use of the dia- 
mond drill I have been able to avoid, or con- 
trol, the influx of larger quantities of water 
than our pumping machinery could handle. 
Thesum of $196,213 has been spent this year on 
the C. and C. shaft. 

A Prize for Mine Lamps. — A gentleman of 
Manchester, England, Mr. Ellis Lever, has of- 
fered a prize of £500 for the most perfect porta- 
ble lamp for mining purposes. A competent 
committee is to investigate by actual test all 
the lamps brought forward for competition. 
Here is a chance for inventors in this country 
who think they know what a mine lamp is and 
how to make one. It is expected that the lamp 
shall be an electric one. It is curious that an 
objection like the following should come from 
one of the English mining papers: "Exclusive 
of candles used in some few mines, we believe it 
may be assumed that at the various coal mines 
in the kingdom there are now something like 
600,000 lamps in use, and were these to be re- 
placed by those lighted by electricity, this would 
nvolve a loss or expenditure of an enormous sum 
of money." 

Getting Rid of Non-Paying Partners. 

The mining laws of the United States provide 
that upon the failure of anyone of several co- 
owners to contribute his proportion of the annual 
expenditures required, the co-owners who have 
performed the labor or made the im- 
provements may, at the expiration 
of the year, give the delinquent co- 
owner personal notice in writing, or notice by 
publication in the newspaper published nearest 
the claim, for at least once a week for 90 days, 
and if at the expiration of 90 days after such 
notice in writing or by publication the delin- 
quent should fail or refuse to contribute his pro- 
portion, his interest in the claim becomes the 
property of his co-owners who have made the 
required expenditures. 

It must be remembered that the party who 
contributes his portion of the required expendi- 
tures can retain his interest. If a party fails to 
contribute his proportion of the actual expendi- 
tures upon a mining claim, the remedy lies in 
the courts. The U. S. mining laws only pro- 
vide for failure to expend the proper proportion 
of the annual expenditures required by those 

In the first place, when the partners have done 
their share, and one miner has done his, he who 
has done the work records an affidavit like the fol- 
lowing, which is prima facie evidence of the per- 
formance of such labor* 

Proof of Labor. 


■ County of - 

Before me the subscriber personally appeared 

, who being duly sworn says that at least 

dollars' worth of labor or improvements 

were performed or made upon (here describe 

claim), situated in mining district, 

county, of , during the year ending 

, 188—. Such expenditure was made by or at 

the expense of , owners of said claim 

for the purpose of holding said claim. 

[Jurat.] j (Signature.) 

Note.— The record of an affidavit like the 
above is prima facie evidence of the perform- 
ance of such labor. 

Then a notice of forfeiture should be sent to 
the delinquent, and published in the local 
paper. At the expiration of ISO days this no- 
tice should be recorded, with the affidavit of 
the newspaper publisher that the same was 
published for 90 days, together with the affi- 
davit of the party signing the notice to the ef- 
fect that one or more of the partners or co-own- 
ers named in the published notice have not paid 
their share of the expenditure. This completes 
the record title. This notice of forfeiture is as 

Notice of Forfeiture. 
- County, - 

, 188-. 

To — (names of all parties who have record 
title to any portion of the mine). You are 
hereby notified that I have expended dol- 
lars in labor and improvements upon the 

lode (describe the claim), as will appear by cer- 
tificate filed , 188-, in the office of the Re- 
corder of said county (or district), in order to 
hold said premises under the provisions of Sec. 
2,324 Revised Statutes of the United 
States, being the amount required to hold 

the same for the year ending , 188-. 

And if within ninety days from the service of 
this notice (or within ninety days after this no- 
tice by publication), you fail or refuse to con- 
tribute your proportion of such expenditure as 
a co-owner, your interest in said claim will be- 
come the property of the subscriber under said 
Section 2324. 


The affidavit of failure to contribute, referred 

to above, is in the following form: 

Affidavit of Failure to Contribute. 


Count}/ of - 

, being duly sworn, deposes and 
says that for the year ending , 1S8-, he ex- 
pended at least dollars in labor and im- 
provements upon the lode [or placer 

claim] (here describe the claim), to hold the 
same under the laws of the United States and of 

this (district, Territory, or State); that 

due notice thereof was personally served 

upon , co-owners, on the day 

of , 188-, (or was duly published in 

the , as appears from the affidavit of 

the publisher thereof), and that (of 

the said) co-owners have failed or refused to 
contribute their share of said expenditures 
within the time required by law. 

Subscribed and sworn 
this — day of , 188-. 

to before me 

The New York Commercial construes the 
election of Henry Villard, John W. Ellis and 
Fred Billings, Directors of the New York, Lake 
Shore and Buffalo railroad, as meaning a sera- 
rate trans -continental road beginning at New 
York and ending at Puget Sound. 

January 20, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


The Keeley Motor. 

It will tod that the stockholders 

who lui\ been tarnishing 

Mr. Keeley with the mews to panne his inves- 
it his promised nen motor 
recently latisiied with lue continuous 

delays and caU aid commenced 

a suit to compel liim either to initiate | 

obtaining a patent or divulge to them 
the precise Mature of hia discovery, Th 
ever steadfastly refused bo do, axo pt in genera] 
terms; out after the suit was eomm 

tion to atop the same was agreed upon, 
tditioo that Mr. Keeley would 
everything in full to a third party- an expert. 
The expert was mutually agreed upon in the 
person of William Boeekel, who baa entered 
into close intimacy with Keeley, thoroughly in- 
vestigated the whole matter, as he claims, ami 
reported hu full oonfidence in the actuality and 
prai tical value of the discovery, with tb 
tmn that "both nun of science and practical 
engineering .skill alike would stand amazed to- 
day if th< ■ I what Keeley has already ac- 
complished." The stockholders have expressed 
their fullest confidence in the report of the ex- 
pert, and have also received from Mr. Keeley 
in which the following sentence occurs: 
*T am glad that all past misunderstanding 
between us 'ha.-* been removed, and have no 
doubt that the present friendly feeling and con- 
will I" - maintained uninterruptedly. At 
your request, and with the aid of Mr. Boeekel, 
l, 1 have prepared a caveat for 
aerator, which has been forwarded to the 
Patent Office. 

Boeekel says he fully understands the motor, 
Keeley says he '-> ready, and the stockholders 
say they are satisfied. This is certainly a 
highly gratifying state of affairs all around. 
The Keeley motor excitement commenced in 
1874, and has been kept up for the past eight 
years with a degree ol success highly credit- 
able to the ingenuity of the inventor. He 
has now, practically, about two years 
longer in which to continue his experi- 
ments, worry his stockholders and practice 
upon the credulity of human nature in general, if 
such is his purpose. 

But to be serious, it is much safer to admit 
'■ility of Keeley 'a alleged discovery than 
bo i n lunce it as a humbug. So many won- 
derful things have been accomplished within the 
last fifty years that any man is regarded as 
somewhat reckless who ventures to pronounce 
anything impossible which it is impossible to 
prove so. The ocean steamship, the railroad, 
the telegraph , the telephone and the photo- 
phone were each and all once regarded, by 
good engineers and scientists of undoubted 
standing, to be just as impossible as the 
Keeley motor is now pronounced to be. 

The Keeley motor comes under the head of the 
seemingly impossible, simply from the fact that 
it is based upon a secret law of nature, which, 
it is alleged, lias been discoverd by Keeley. 
No man can prove, or, in light of the past, 
safely say there is no such law; The safest 
thing to do is to still wait and hope for another 
two years' time, when it is barely possible "men 
of science and practical engineers" may once 
more stand amazed at the actual accomplish- 
ment of the seemingly impossible. 

What Keeley Claims 
As his discovery is the fact that water in it s 
natural state is capable of being, by vibratory 
action, disintegrated so that its molecular 
structure is broken up, and there is evolved 
therefrom a permanent expansive gas, or "elas- 
tic medium," or force, which result is produced 
by mechanical action with force capable of ex- 
erting an expansive energy of at least 25,000 
pounds per square inch. In support of the 
reasonableness of such a possibility, Mr. 
Boeckle, in his argument, calls attention to 
a work recently published by Mr. Woodbury, 
member of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers, relating chiefly to the construction 
of mills, in which lie recorded many interesting 
phenomena observed by him as to the vibration 
of mill structures. Among other examples, 
Mr. Woodbury mentions numerous instances 
where large stone structures have been thrown 
into rapid and is some cases dangerous vibration 
through the influence of a musical tone caused by 
a body of falling water some distance from the 
structure so vibrated. It is to be understood 
that the result so caused is not attributable to 
the concussion caused by the falling water, but 
(8 a phenomenon of a wholly different character, 
and which neither the increase nor the decrease 

of the volume of water is capable of producing, 
if thereby a key-not.' not in sympathy with 
tint of the mill structure is produced. 

Mr. B. refers to other well-know 11 similar 

instanoes, and adds that Mr. Keeley*B inquiries 
have been conducted in this direction, and that 
bis investigations and experiments have carried 
him far beyond the laboratory experiments of 

■ . l\ nd.tll and other scientific invt 
tors, until be baa succeeded in exciting, harness- 
ing and utilizing the subtle force winch, to 
them, has been only a subject of scientific 


Wlu-n the great energy of this new gas or 
clastic medium, or other source of energy, was 
first discovered, Mr. Keeley thought to utilize 

it in a manner similar to the utilization of 
steam, but he soon made the still further dis- 
covery that th ace, or source of en* 
i ad properties v holly unlike those of 

any other substance hitherto known, for which 

reason he was compelled to occupy much time 

Gold in Alaska. 

In dune last we gave an account in the Min- 
PRESS Of two parties hav- 
ing started for Alaska on mining expeditions. 
One of these parties, which went op on a sail- 
ik a small stern-wheel steamer for 
the of prospecting along the Yukon 
river. It was known that there were gold dig- 
rend hundred miles from the mouth of 

, and the party intended to make a 
thorough exploration. Information has now 
been received that Schieffelin and his part), 
with the little steamer, carrying one-half of the 
Q us supplies, ascended tie- Yukon 1,500 
miles and established camp at the mouth of the 
Tannanna, Xhe boal was then sent back to St. 
Michaels for the remainder of the supplies, and 
Schieffelin went on a prospecting tour. Shortly 
after the boat left on the return voyage he made 
discovery in gravel washings of sufficient im- 
portance to justify the detail of a courier to 


in studying its properties and in devising some 
new way to produce and utilize the enormous 
energy which could be thereby developed. As 
a result he constructed what lie called hfs "vi- 
bratory engine," the details of which as a de- 
veloper arc well known to all the parties im- 
mediately interested in the invention. 

But his great work, as claimed by the sci- 
entific expert, has been to devise some mechani- 
cal device whereby the power evolved by the 
proper mechanical vibration of water may be 
taken off and employed for useful work. This 
work, the expert claims, has been successfully 
accomplished, and three several engines con- 
structed, the first of which was a measurable 
success, but the degree of success has been 
vastly augmented in succession by the second 
and third attempts. Mr. Keeley is still san- 
guine of further improvement in this direction, 

make the long and perilous journey overland to 
Sitka in order to convey the news rapidly to 
his brother, a capitalist residing in Philadel- 
phia. The courier reached Sitka safely and 
dispatched the letter, which came to San Fran- 
cisco on the last steamer, and is now on the 
way to Philadelphia by rail. It is reported 
that the washings in the gravel beds averaged 
SI. 50 per pan, and that in some instances §10 
per pan was produced. 

The Yukon is an immense river, but is little 
navigated. There is a steamer running there 
which nukes about two trips a year, but most 
of the navigation is by canoes. The river is 
frozen over until June, and as for paddling up 
stream when it is open, it is pretty hard 
work. Individual miners without much 
money would find the country rather an un- 
pleasant one to go into. From all accounts 


but is willing and has already filed his caveat 
for the progress he has thus far made, and will 
proceed to prepare his final papers within the 
two years still allowed him by the patent laws. 

He considers his work as about completed, 
and is now constructing a fourth engine of 500 
horse power, which will soon be completed and 
in full operation. The purpose is also an- 
nounced of so bringing the matter to the atten- 
tion of the Philadelphia Railroad Company as 
to have the first practical trial made upon their 
road between Philadelphia and New York. 
The stockholders and the public are assured 
that the line of experiment is now- fully passed, 
and nothing is left to be done but the comple- 
tion of the mechanical work upon the machine. 

If there is a hitherto unknown law of nature 
which Mr. Keeley has discovered, the public are 
impatient to receive the proof, after which they 
will be ready to give Mr. Keeley all due honors 
for his discovery. 

The Congressional Committee on Ways and 
Means struck from the free list borax and 
boracic acid on the representations of the borax, 
producers of the Pacific Coast, where deposits 
have been discovered, but need no protection. 
A rate of ten cents a pound was recommended 
for borax. This will interest those owning the 
borax works near Columbus, Esmeralda county. 
The duty will put thousands of dollars into their 
pockets. Borax only sells for ten cents a pound 
here, so the duty is full value. 

travel on foot is extremely difficult, owing to 
swamps, moss-covered surface and the dense 
timbers. If the information received is authen- 
tic, there will no doubt be many persons ven- 
ture the trip up the Y r ukon; but for the or- 
dinary prospector, with small means, it will be 
a risky business. 

Ex-Collector William Gouverneur Morris, of 
Alaska, wdio has just come back from there, 
and is on his way to Washington, in the course 
of an interview on Alaskan affairs, incidentally 
mentions the mining interests. The formation 
of the lodes, said he, is unlike any other known 
to the geological world, being entirely glacial in 
character. You will find a lode at the base of 
a mountain 3,000 or 4,000 ft. high, and you can 
trace it distinctly up the side, and on reaching 
the top you will find there an auriferous de- 
posit, made by the moraine of the glacier, from 
15 to 20 ft. deep. This is claimed by the sur- 
face diggers as placer claims, and for the last 
two seasons they have been successfully worked, 
to the detriment of the quartz claimants. 
About §250,000 was taken out last season near 
Juneau and on Douglas island alone. 

There being no courts wdiatever in the coun- 
try, no law and no vestige or form of govern- 
ment whatever save that administered by the 
captain of a man-of-war and the Collector of 
Customs, it follows that those rival rights are 
as yet undetermined. No injunction can issue 
t restrain the placer diggers from pursuing 

their vocation, and the quartz owners have so 
Far restricted themselves to a policy of non- 
intervention, and have gone on sinking shafts 
and running tunnels to determine the value of 
their Lodes. The work done is of a satisfactory 
character, and will justify further expenditure. 
Several mining companies have been formed in 
thin city, backed up by men of capital, of which 
Wm. T. Coleman is one of the prime movers. 

On Douglas Island, opposite Juneau, is a se- 
ries of mines as large as the whole Comstock 
lode. The opening of one of these lodes has so 
instrated the value of the property that 
it is understood that the owners contemplate 
soon to erect a 100-stanipmill. The ore, though 
of low grade, is free milling and easily worked. 
In fact, said he, there is the largest body of ore 
in .sight in the known world. The attention of 
Eastern capitalists has been directed to the is 
land and a party of scientific and wealthy men 
\\ ill visit Alaska in the spring to examine this 
property. Though the interests of the placer 
and quartz miners clashed, and though there 
was no semblance of law, the miners were well 
behaved and orderly. Some time ago Commander 
Meriiman visited the island in the U. S. ship 
Adams, in the interest of the preservation of the 
public peace, and induced both parties to come 
to an understanding by which the placer min- 
ers used the water during the day and the 
quartz miners during the night. But in hia 
opinion this state of affairs could not last for- 
ever, because the development of the lodes will 
attract adventurous spirits who can't be easily 
controlled. It is, therefore, incumbent upon 
Congress at this session, if possible, to establish 
a court of justice, if nothing else, for that por- 
tion of Alaska. This all the miners are in 
favor of, and until this is granted it is no trea- 
sonable to be expected that capitalists will go to 
any very great extent in investing their means 
in that country. 

English Slag Hearth Furnace. 

The bottom of the furnace hearth, which 
slopes forwards and downwards, is formed of a 
cast-iron bed plate, c. In front of the hearth is 
a cast-iron tank or trough, c, known as the lead 
trough, into which the metal is run from the 
hearth, while in front of this again is another 
trough or slag pot, /, for the collection of the 
slag as it flows over from the surface of the metal 
in the lead trough. 

In working this hearth it is first Blagged out, 
or freed from any adhering slag left from the 
previous shift, and any badly corroded spots in 
the lining are repaired with clay, after which 
the bottom, or bed plate of the hearth, is cov- 
ered with a layer of ashes, or small cinders, to 
a depth of from five to six inches, and made to 
slope like the bed plate from back to front, but 
leaving a space between its upper surface and 
the lower edge of the fore-stone, which space is 
stopped with clay, with the exception of an 
opening, or tap-hole, through which a quantity 
of the slag flows during the smelting campaign. 
A quantity of fuel, usually peat, is placed upon 
the hearth thus prepared, and ignited by the 
addition of a little burning coal, when the blast 
is turned on, and a quantity of coke is then 
thrown into the hearth. As the smelting pro- 
cseds, the reduced lead and the accompanying 
slag descend to the bottom, where the ashes, 
placed upon the bed plate of the furnace, serve 
as a kind of filter, through which the lead per- 
colates and passes out from the front edge of the 
hearth into the tank, e, placed in front for its 
reception, and in the bottom of which is usually 
introduced a layer of cinders for further separat- 
ing the metal from any slag passing out along 
with it. The lead flows from the lead trough. 
e, into a lead pot, heated by its own fire, and 
from which the metal is ladled into ingots, while 
the slag, passing from the hearth along with the 
lead, accumulates in the lead trough, which it 
overflows, and passes to the slag pot, /, already 
spoken of, and in which it collects; but the 
greater portion of the slag produced during the 
process of smelting passes out from the furnace 
through an opening made by a bar in the clay 

At the end of the shift, when materials have 
ceased to be added to the furnace, and lead like- 
wise ceased to flow from the hearth, the clay 
stopping is broken down, and the slaggy matter 
remaining on the hearth is raked forward and 
collected for addition as slag-hearth browse at 
the commencement of the next shift. The shift 
often lasts about eight hours, of which about six 
hours are employed in the smelting and two 
hours in cleansing out and preparing the hearth 
for the next shift. The lead produced in this 
hearth, and which is known as "slag lead," is 
always hard and impure, from the presence of 
sulphur, antimony, copper and iron, 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1883 

Nevada's Salvation. 

Under the above headiDg the Careon Tribune 
publishes some sensible ideaB in relation to the 
bene6ts Western Nevada will reeieve from the 
construction of the Carson and Colorado rail- 
road, now being pushed southward. We copy 
the following extract as being to the point: 
But for the energy of the few men who risked 
their personal means in the construction of the 
road referred to, a fearfully dark prospect would 
be before us at this time, for the chances are 
strongly against any development on the Com- 
stock that will be of general benefit, and but 
for the C. & C. the ledges south would have 
still lain dormant, if nit undiscovered, and 80 
we claim that the people of Western Nevada 
have much reason to be thankful that such men 
as control the narrow-gauge possessed not only 
the means but the energy to enter into such a 
speculation a.3 the C. & C. R. R. The taxes of 
Esmeralda county will be greatly augmented, 
and so in Lyon county; hundreds of people will 
obtain employment, towns are building up along 
the line of the road; farmers will be benefited, 
mills will be erected and better than all for 
Carson, the number of employees in the machine 
shops of the V. & T. R. R. will be keft up if 
not increased, and so we Bay that the thanks of 
the whole community of the several counties 
through which the railroad passes, and of the 
Carson people, are due to the projectors and 
building of this very important railroad, for 
without doubt it will prove the salvation of 
Western Nevada. 

The Esmeralda Herald, in speaking of the 
road, says; The Carson and Colorado railroad 
is already of great benefit to that portion"of this 
State through which it extends, and to a large 
extent of country beyond. It not only increases 
the convenience and comfort of traveles but 
asBi&ts miners and prospectors in getting in and 
out of their field of operations. It is the inten- 
tion of the company to extend the road through 
Mono and Inyo counties, and by so doing they 
will increase the business facilities of both those 
oounties and at the same time increase in a 
large measure the business done at this end of 
the line. 

^etalllmy apt! Ores. 


118 & 120 Halleck Street, 

Near LeideBdorfl, SAU FRANCISCO. 


iarPereonal attention insures Correct Returns. <@^ 


health and avoid sickness. 
Instead of feeling tired and 
worn out, instead of aches 
and pains, wouldn't you 
rather feel fresh and strong ? 

You can continue feeling 
miserable and good for no- 
thing, and no one but your- 
self can find fault, but if you 
are tired of that kind of life, 
you can change it if you 

How ? By getting one 
bottle of Brown' Iron Bit- 
ters, and taking it regularly 
according to directions. 

Mansfield, Ohio, Nov. 26, 1881. 

Gentlemen: — Ihavesufferedwith 
pain in my side and back, and great 
soreness on my breast, with shoot- 
ing pains all through my body, at- 
tended with great weakness, depres- 
sion of spirits, and loss of appe- 
tite. I have taken several different 
medicines, and was treated by prom- 
inent physicians for my liver, kid- 
neys, and spleen, but I got no relief. 
I thought I would try Brown's Iron 
Bitters ; I have now taken one bottle 
and a half and am about well — pain 
in side and back all gone — soreness 
all out of my breast, and I have a 
good appetite, and am gaining in 
strength and flesh. It can justly be 
called the king of medicines. 

John K. Allender. 

Brown's Iron Bitters is 
composed of Iron in soluble 
form; Cinchona the great 
tonic, together with other 
standard remedies, making 
a remarkable non-alcoholic 
tonic, which will cure Dys- 
pepsia, Indigestion, Malaria, 
Weakness, and relieve all 
Lung and Kidney diseases. 

Nevada Metallurgical Works, 


Near First and Market Streets, S. F. 
Established, 1869. C. A. Luckhardt, Manager. 

Ores Worked by any Process. 

Ores Sampled. 

Assaying in all its Branches. 

Analyses of Ores, Minerals, Waters, Etc. 

Working Tests (Practical) Made. 

Plans and Specifications furnished for the 
most suitable process for working Ores. 

Special attention paid to Examinations of 
Mines, plans and reports furnished. 

(Formerly Huhn & Luckhardt) 
Mining Engineers and Metallurgists 



Assayers' Materials, 



118 and 120 Market Street, and 16 and 17 
California St., San Francisco. 

We would call the attention of As.«ayera, Chemists 
Mining Companies, Millmjt Companies, Prospectors, etc ' 
to our full stock of Balances, Furnaces, Muffles, Cruoi- 
bles, Scoriflers, etc., including, also, a full stock of 

Having been engaged in furnishing these supplies since 
the first discovery of mines on the Pacific Coast, we feel 
confident from our experience we can well suit the de- 
mand for these goods both as to quality and price. Our 
New Illustrated Catalogue, with prices, will be sent on 

UrOar Gold and Silver Tables, showing the value per 
ounce Troy at different degrees of fineness, and valuable 
tables for computation of assays in grains and grammes 
will be sent free upon application. Agents tor the Patent 
Plumbago Crucible Co., London, England. 


u. hi ,i i nu 


r\ 318 Pine St., (Basemen;), 

Corner of LeideBdorff Street, . SAN FRANCISCO 

Ores Sampled and Assayed, and Tests Made bv am 

Assaying and Analysis of Ores, Minerals and Waters. 
Mines examined and reported on. 
Piactical Instruction given in Treating Ores bv ap- 
proved processes. 


Mining Engineers and Metallurgist 


Assay Office and Ohemica] 

624 Sacramento St., S. P. 


Chemist and Assayer, 

No. 110 Sutter St., S. P. 

tvCH ST. ■: J.S.PHILL1PS ■ 


^y43 Years" Practice". Pacific Coast l4t| 

Send for list of his Mining Books. Tools, die. 

Instruction on Assaying and Testing. 


Assaying Apparatus selected and supplied. 
I Agency lor atiwanseaCo. buying mixed ores. I 


California Inventors 

Should con- 
—....— ....w...wiv SCO., Amer- 
ican abd Forbion Patbnt Somcitors, for obtaining Pat- 
ents and Caveats. Established in 1860. Their long ex- 
perience as journalists an I large practice as patent attor- 
neys enables I hem to offer Pacific Coast inveotore far bet- 
ter service than they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free 
circulars of information. Office of the Mining and 
Scirntifio Prrss and Pacific Rural Frrss, No 262 Mar- 
ket St.. S. F. Klevator. 12 Front St. 

Mining tpgi». 


Geologi.t and. Mining Engineer. 

Reports on mines furnifihed; Estimates of Machinery, 
etc. Special attention paid to the examination of mines 
in Mexico, California, Arizing and New Mex'.co. Thirty 
years in the mines of the above States. 


Direct, care this office, or SANTA CRUZ, CAI. 



Bcom No 22, Stock^Excnange, S. P. 

Plans and Specifications furnished for Hoisting, Pump 
ing, Mill, Mining and other Machinery. Machinery in 
spected and erected. 




CL4 & 16 WATEE, ST., BIEOOXATfiv, N. Y. 

Rbmittancks to this office should be made by postal or- 
der or registered letter, when practicable; cost of postal 
order, foi 816 or less, 10 cts. ; for registered letter, in ad- 
dition to regular postage (at 3 cts. per half-ounce), 10 ct 


Metallurgist and Mining" Engineer. 

Erectim of Leaching and Chlorination Works a 
specialty. Address, 


Cor. Fourth and Market Sts., St Louts, Mo.' 


Practical, Civil, Mechanical and Min- 
ing Engineering, 

^4 Post Street, San Francis co 

A. VAN DKR NAILLEN, Principal. 
Send for Circular. 

Luther Wagoner. John Hays Hammond 




Mining; and Civil Engineer, 

Montgomery Street, San Francisco. 
CWRenorta. Surveyfl and Plann of Miiifw m*uia._^7 

him birectory. 




Paper Rulers & Blank Book Manufacturers 
605 Clay Street,(southwest corner Sanaome), 


San Francisco Cordage Factory. 

Established 1856. 

Constantly on hand a full assortment of Manila Rope, 
Siaa Rope, Tarred Manila Rope, Hay Rope, Wbale 
Line, etc., etc. 

Extra sizes and lengths made to order on short notice. 


611 and 618 Front Street, San Francisco. 

APP0HPC °' P avan d bounty to Union Soldiers re- 
I I Cdl 5> ported on the rolls as deserters, Act of 
August 7th, 18S2. 

PpriQIftriC for a " soldiers disabled In line and dis- 
rcllolUllo charge of duty, either by accident or 

WlrinU/Q °* Hol d ierB wn0 died in the service or since 
ff lUUVVd discharged from any cause due their mi'i- 
tary service, are entitled to Pension. 

Pn panic In cases where the Boldier died, leaving 
ralClllo neither wife nor children, the parents 
are entitled to pension. 

Rntmtv Thousands of soldiers are yet entitled to 
DUUIIlji bounty. Send for blanks and see if you 
have received all due you. 

Hic/tho padc Honorable Discharges procured; al- 
UJOOIiaiyCa so duplicates. Send for blanks. 

Increase of Pension. Szr^SnfSr 

titled to increase. Send for blank and we will advise you. 

AddresB, with two three-ceut stamps, 


"Washington. D. C. 

Box 623- 


One-fifth of a valuable Gold Mine in Aiizona for sale. 
Le Ige four feet wide, and shaft seventy i'eet down in ore 
all the way. Pi ice §15,000— to be used only in develop- 
ing the mine. Address, 

C. D. T., 1003 Devisadero Street, 

fan Francisco, Cal. 


258 Market St., N, E. coi ~ 
Experimental mac'iinexy 
per and brass work 



Front, up-stairfi, San Francisco, 
.nd all kinds of models, tin, cop- 



416 Montgomery St.. San Francisco. 

Gold and Silver Refinery 
And Assay Office. 


Gold, Silver and Lead Oreg and Sulphnrets, 

Manufacturers of Bluestone. 


This Company has the best facilities on the Coast 
for working 



PRENTISS SELBY, - - Superintendent 



Manufactory, 17 & 19 Fremont St.. 3. P. 

Patent Life • Savirg Respirator 


Invaluable to those 
engaged in dry crush- 
ing quartz o i Is, quick- 
silver mines, wbi eltad 
corroding, f edieg 
thrashing machines 
and all occupations 
where the surrounding 
atmosphere is til 1 ed 
with iluat, obnoxious 
smells or poison ui 
vapors The Respira- 
tors are sold subject 
to apjjruv.l after tiial, 
and, if not satisfactory, 
the price wi 1 be ie- 
f uncled. Piice, §3 
each, or §30 per dozer. 

Address all communi • 
cations arid older s 

H. H, BROMLEY, "Sole Agent, 

43 S.cramento Street, San Franc sc % Cal. 


We have on sale, at a very low price, a RUTHERFORD 
ORE PULVERIZER, which is in perfectly good order in 
a strong frame, with pulley, etc., all ready for work. 

It has only bteu used a couple of months, and is as 
Good as New. 

This is a good opportunity for anyone wanting a Pul- 
verizer of moderate capacity for a low price. AddresB, 
DhTWEY & CO., 

252 Market St., S. F. 



We guarantee our COMPOUND to remove 
all scale and prevent an}' more being deposited. The 
COMPOUND forming a glazed surface on the iron, 
to which no scale will adhere and which preserves the iron. 
The preparation is strictly vegetable, and is war-* 
ranted to do all that is claimed for it wi thout injury 
to the metal. Send for a circular. 

H, P. GREGORY & CO., Agents, 
San Francisco. 


On O B Cumberland St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Manufacturer of all kinds of Chemical Stone Ware for 

Manufacturing ChemiaLs. Also, Chemical 

Bricks for Wluve Towers. 

A Partner Wanted in a Rich Silver Mine. 

A Miner of many years' experience having discovered 
and locuted a Mining Claim on a Rich Silver Lode at a 
place n tt very f Q r distant from San Francisco, wishes to 
meet with some party with Capital to join him iu de- 
veloping same. 

Can be seen at 531 California Street, room 1, where 
samples and assays of the Rock can be been. 


Clean Concentrations wanted. A party from the East 
having a prccess for working low-grade SulpnuretB, will 
commence purchasing the same as soon as assured of an 
abundant supply. Gold-bearing Sulphurets preferred, 
having an aBsay value of §20 per too, or upwards. 

A. B. WATT, P. O, Box, 2203, San Francisco. 

January 20, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 



EDWARD A. HIX, Agent, 

47 and 49 Fremont Street, ----- gan Francisco, Cal. 






l to 100 Horse Po *er 


Mining Water Wheel. a 



Water Buckets. 




One Horse can easily heist over 1,000 pounds at a depth of 500 feot. The whim 
In mainly built of wrought iron. The hoisting-drum la thrown out of guar by the 
k-vitr, while the load is held in place with a brako by the man tending the 
bucket. The standard of the whim is bolted to bed-tlmberr, thus avoiding all frame 
work. When required these whima are mode in sections to pack on mule. 




ILiviriir made extensive additions to our Shops and Machinery, we have now the LARGEST and BEST AP- 
POINTED SHOPS in the West. We are prepared to build from the Latest and Moat Approved Patterns, 


For working gold and silver ores by wet or dry crushing. The Stetefeldt, Howell's Improved While, Eruntou'a & 
Bruckner Furnaces, for working- base ores, notary Dryers, Stetefeldt Improved Dry Kiln Furnaces, 


Water Jackets, either Wrought or cast iron, marie in sections or one piece, either round, oblong, oval or °r|uare. Our 
patterns roost extensivo in use. SPECIAL FURNACES FoR COPPfcR SMELTING. Slag Pots and Ca.s. improved 
form. Bulliou and Copper Moulds and Ladles, Litharge Cars and Pots, Cupel Furnaces and Cais. 

Large or Small for flat or round rope. Double Cy 
also Corliss Pumping Engines, 20x60, for Hoisting 

Wire Rope, Safety Cages and any Size and Forms of Cars. 

Principal Office and Works, Fulton and Union Sis., Chicago, Illinois. 

Frue Ore Concentrator, or Vanner 


Coarse Concentrating Works, Improved Jigs, Crushing Rollers, Sizers, Trommels, Rittenger Tab'eB, and all other 
adjuncts ior the proper working of Gold, Silver and Copper Ores, complete in every detail. 

HALL, I DIE IMPROVED OWE TRAMWAY-S. We refer to Gen. Custer mine, Idaho, 5,000 feot long; 
Columbus Mine, Col., 4,760 feet long; Mary Murphy mine, Col., 6,000 feet long, all it) constant operation. 


Improved Corliss and Plain Slide Valve Meyer's Cut-off Engines. 

COKLISS ENGINES from 12x30 Cylinders to 30x60. PLAIN SLIDE VALVES from 0x10 to 30x36. BOILERS 
of every form, made of Pine Iron Works 0. H. No. 1 flange Iron, or Otis Steel. Workmanship the most careful. All 
Rivets Hand Driven. 

Under Engines, from 6x10 to 18x60. This latter size furnished J. B. Haggin for Giant and Old Abe Co , Black Hills 
and Pumping Works, for 2,000 feet deep. Baby Hoists for Prospecting, 4 H. P. to 6 H. P. 

McCaskell's Patent Car Wheels and Axles-Best in Use. 

New York Office, Walter McDermott, Manager, Room 32, No. 2 Wall St. 



No. 45 Fremont Street, 

San Francisco, Cal. 

Oscillating Stamp 

It has no Stems. Cams, or Tappets, and adjusts itself to 
the wear of tbe Shoes and Dies. 

For simplicity, economy, durability and effective working. 

It exceeds anything ever presented to the public, and will do 

the work of live stamps with one-fourth the power. Awarded 

First Premium aud Medal at Mechanics' Fair, S. F. ( 1880. 

Manufactured hy 

45 Fremont St,, S. F., Cal. | 145 Fulton St.. Chicago, 111. 

Improved Patent Grinding and Amalgamating Pans, Con- 
centrators and Gold Amalgamators; also, Steam Engines 
and Mining Machinery of all kinds. ISend for circulars. 


45 Fremont Street, San Francisco, Cal. 


This machine requires less power, less care or attention, and is less liable to get out of repair than any concentra- 
tor now in use. All of which any practical miner will comprehend when seeing it in operation. 

The wear and tear is nonrnal, and the construction so simple that any miner can put it up and run it; and the low 
price brings it within the reich of all mill men, as it will save enough to pay for itself in any mill in a very short 
time. One machine will co. centrate the tailings from a five-stamp battery. 

ZW° Send for Circulars. ^^ft 


For simplicity, durability and rapidity of action, these 
Machines have no equal, cutting from 3,000 to 4,000 
per hour They are now used by all the prin- 
cipal Millmen on the Pacific Coast. 


Of all descriptions made to order. 


No. «5 Fremont Street, Fan Francisco 




Located on the Shore of San 
Francisco Bay. 

For particulars apply to C. G. Yale, 414 Clay Street, 
San Frand co. 

To parties contemplating the erection of new works for 
nianufictuiijg purposes this is 


£2TThe plant will be sold at a very low rate. 

San Francisco Pioneer Screen Works 

J. W. QUICK, Manofactubbh. 

Several first premiums received 
for Quartz Mill Screens, and Per- 
forated Sheet Metals of even 
description. 1 would call fcpecial 
attention to my SLOT CUT and 
which are attracting much at- 
tention and ri villi; universal 
satisfaction. This is the onl) 
establishment on the coast de- 
voted exclusively to the manufac- 
ture of Screens. Mill owners using Battery Screens extei - 
e: v.'lv can contract for large supplies at favorable rate?. 
Orders solicited and promptly attended to. 

32 Fremont Street, San Francisco. 

3t Telhphonk. — Subscribes, advertisers and othv) 
patrons of this office can address orders, or make appoint- 
ments with the proprietors or agentB by telephone, ao w 
ara connected with the central svstem in Sen Fianciec\ 


The "Gnland" Patent 

Is a mire shut-off against 
Sewer Ga3 and Batk Waer, 
The Loaied Metal Ball Valva 
is al tft.tly heiivier than water, 
ibis Trao eaa be i ut in at 
-imall i xpense, and is warranted 
-,o give satisfaction. Highly 
recommended by leading 
Vrchitects a-id Plumbers. 
CJaed in all new, first-class 
buildings in San Frimiaco, in- 
cluding Phelau B.ocfr. For 
_ ale hv all deah rs in I l-iniln r.V 
and by the "OAKLAND" IMPRoVKD 8BWER 

TRAP MF'G CO., lyUl Broadway, Oakland, Cal. 

Right3 for eale. 

Superior Wood and Metal Kngrm 

ing, Electrotyptng and Slereotyp 

_ ■ ingdone at Lheofficeof theMiNJNf 

"urmFic Prksb. Sati Francison. at tavcj-amA rti<u 



Room with steam power to let intlio 
Pacific Power -Co. 's new brick tmildingj 
Stevenson 3treet, near Market. Eleva- 
tor in building. Apply at the Com- 
pany's office. 314 California atr^et. 



Fourteen Years' practical experience, de8ire9 an en 



Address, " S. " 766 Bryant Street, S. F. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1883 


List of U. S. 

Patents for Pacific Coast 

From the official liat of U. S. Patents in Dbwby & Co/s 
Sosntimc Prbsb Patent AofiNcy, 252, Market St., S. F. 

Fob Week Endikg Jasctary 9, 1883. 

270,383.— Hrfriqkbatob Car— B. N. Bugbey, Sacra- 
mento, CaL , , _ 

270 411.- -Fish Trap— Jag. M Frazer, Portland, Or. 

270,56*.— Cabinet Steam Bath— B. aulhran, Gold Hill, 

270,418 —Engine— P. V. Goodrich, San Francisco. 

270,315.— Miner's Combination Tool— Juhn Jones, Ore- 
gon City, Or. «..»■« 

270,316.— Miner's Candlestick - John Jones, Oregon 
City, Or. 

270.440.— Car Brake— A. D. Kilborn and W. F. Smith, 
Tucson, A. T. 

270,328.— Vehicle Brake— F. I. Meyer,?, Healdsburg, 

270,474.— Hand-Tdrninq Tool— J. A. Plummer, Jr., 
& T. Sainford, NewarK, CaI. 

280,483— Anchor— L. H. Rhrades, Bay Center, W. T. 

270,529.— Canning Appabatus— Richard Whetler, Ala- 
meda, Cal. , , _ . 

270,532.— Sawing Machine-D. W. Williams, Sprmg- 
ville, Cal. 

270,356.— Wrench and Festers— Saml. L. Willmer, 
Anderson, Cxi. 

Noth,— CopleB of U. S. and Foreign Patents furnished 
by Dbwsy & Co. in the shortest time possible (by tele- 
graph or otherwise) at the lowest rates. All patent busi- 
ness for Pacific coast Inventors transacted with perfect 
security xnd in ^he shortest possible tune. 

Notices of Kecent Patents. 

Among the patents recently obtained through 
Dewey & Co. 's Scientific Press American and 
Foreign Patent Agency, the following are 
worthy of special mention: 

Engine.— Perry F. Goodrich, S. F., Cal., as- 
signor of one-fourth to Dexter Salisbury, of 
same place. No. 270,418. Dated Jan. 9, 1883. 
This invention relates to certain improvements 
in engines, and it consists in a means for expand- 
ing the steam or vapor which is introduced into 
the cylinder at a low pressure to a higher tem- 
perature and pressure by the admission of a 
quantity of explosive material into the cylinder 
with the steam at the beginning of each stroke, 
and igniting and exploding the same after the 
piston has commenced its stroke. The important 
feature of this invention is the starting of a pis- 
ton upon each stroke in its cylinder by a low 
initial pressure of steam or other vapor, and 
then largely increasing that pressure without 
an undue shock or strain from the explosion. It 
is also for the purpose of intensely heating and 
expanding a volume of wet steam introduced 
into a cylinder at a low pressure, so as to obtain 
its greatest elastic power after its connection 
with the boiler has been severed, and finally it 
may be employed to superheat steam of a low 
temperature and pressure for any purpose after 
it has been cut off from the boiler. 

"Vehicle Brake. — Francis I. Meyers, Healds- 
burg, Cal. No. 270,32S. Dated Jan. 9, 1883. 
The invention relates to the class of vehicle 
brakes and to the means whereby power is trans- 
mitted from the lever to the brake locks. It 
consists in certain levers and shafts, and in the 
position of the latter. More particularly, it con- 
sists of two rocking shafts, to one of which, 
through a long arm and a connecting rod, the 
power is applied, and to the other, which car- 
ries the brake blocks, the power is transmitted 
by means of arms and rods connecting it with 
the first shaft. The second shaft is journaled 
higher up than the first, whereby longer arms 
may be provided and an increased leverage ob- 
tained, and the first shaft, by being low down, 
may have a longer arm connecting it with the 
main lever. The object of the invention is to 
provide a means, whereby the brakes may be ap- 
plied with great power, and which will require 
but small force to operate them. 

A New Court. — The accumulation of busi- 
ness in the Supreme Court of the United States, 
resulting from appeals in excess of the number 
of cases which* can be tried, has long called for 
a remedy. Not only is it proper that the Su- 
preme Court should be relieved of much of the 
business which is now accumulating on its 
docket, but those having important interests at 
stake, which are dependent upon an authorita- 
tive decision, are entitled to some provision 
which will avoid the distressing delays that are 
now experienced, averaging about three years 
in each case. Congress has just estab- 
lished an Appellate Court to relieve the 
Supreme Court. Among those named for 
Judges of the Second district is Mr. James A. 
Whitney, L.L. D., who is receiving a very 
solid and influential support from the manu- 
facturing interests. Mr. Whitney is one of the 
most scholarly men now practicing before the 
courts, and his long and successful experience 
in connection with patent litigation gives him 
peculiar qualifications. Mr. Whitney was at 
one time editor of the American Artisan. He 
is in every way suited to the position of Judge 
- of the new court, and we hope the position will 
be tendered to him. 

A Medicine of real merit, prescribed by many leadng 
physicians, and universally recommended by those who 
have used it, as a true tonic, is Brown's Iron Bitters. 

The Judson Manufacturing Company have 
removed their office and salesroom from 402 
Front street to 329 Market. At thier new quar- 
ters they will have goods of their own manufac- 
ture, such as tacks, brads, shoe and finishing 
nails, hardware, California Victor mowing ma- 
chines, etc. 

The Mount Cory mine has been connected by 
telephone with the railroad station at Haw- 
thorne. The distance is 11 miles. 

[rfijiipg apd Other Copipapie&. 

Persons interested In incorporations will 
do well to recommend the publication 
of the official notices of their companies 
in this paper, as the cheapest appropriate 
medium for advertising. 



South Comstock Gold and Silver Mining 

Company. No. 309 California Street, San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, January 18, 18S3. 

Notice is hereby given that, pursuant to the provisions of 
Title Six of the Code of Civil Procedure of the State of 
California, a meeting of the STOCKHOLDERS of the 
COMPANY, a corporation organized, and existing under 
the laws of the State of Calif ornia, will be held on MONDAY 
the FI6TH (5th) day of FEBRUARY, A, D., 1883, at the 
hour of TWO o'clock p. M., at said Company's office in 
room No 4 of premises No. 309 California Street, in the 
City and Couaty of San Francisco and State of California, 
to consider and vote uoon the question of the voluntary 
dissolution of said Corporation and such other business as 
may properly come before said meeting. 
By order of the President and B:ard of Trustees, 




Northern Belle Mill & Mining Company. 

San Franciaco, January 10, 1S83. 
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above- 
named company, held ihia day, Dividend No. 58, of fifty 
cents (50c) per share, was declared, payable on Monday, 
January 15, 1S83. Transfer books closed on Thursday, 
January 11, 1SS3, at 3 o'clock p. M. 

WM. WILL , Secretary. 
OFFICE— Room Ne. 29, Nevada Block, No. 309 Mont- 
gomery Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Gould & Curry Silver Mining Company 


Levied January 10, 1S83 

Delinquent February 15, 1883 

Day ol Sale March 8, 18S3 

Amount per Share Fifty Cents 

Office— Room 69, Neva a Block, 309 Montgomery St. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 

For the half year ending: December 3lBt, 11882, th c 
Board of Directors of THE GERMAN SAVINGS AND 
LOAN SOCIETY has declared a dividend on Term De- 
posits at the rate of four and thirty-two one-hundredti-s 
(4 32-100) per cent, per annum, and on Ordinary Depos- 
its at the rate of three aud six-tenths (3 6 10) per cent, 
per annum, free from Federal Taxes, and pajable on and 
after the 2nd day of January, 1833. By order, 

GEO. LETTE, Secretary. 



In Sheep, Russia and T urkey Binding s. 

Monabrwc4J/m™ N 


~~|| ^~~ "■■■ ■ 

JTi Tprp the latest edition with 118,000 
uT£dX Words, (3000 more than any 

other English Dictionary-) 
PI! TTT ^^Biographical Dictionary which 
AJla^J it contains gives brief faets con- 
cerning 9700 noted persons. 
TJ^TpCJrTn in Illustrations— 3000 in num- 
X29J5J|»3A ber, (about three times as many 
as found in any other Dict'ry.) 

It is the best practical English Dictionary 

extant. — London Quarterly Review. 
It is an ever-present and reliable school 

master to the whole family.— S. S. Herald. 
G. & C.MERR1AM & CO., Pub'rs, Springfield, Mass. 

Gold Medal Awarded 


At Mechanics' Fair, 1882. 


3^r^^ci3:i3srisa?s' tools. 

A 30"x30" Planer. One 24" and one IS" Lathe; also 
one Drill Press (Face Plate 30 inches). Must be in first- 
class order. 


18 First Street, - . San Franciaco. 


Good water, rich soil and magnificent view. 
High elevation, dry air, few fogs and northers. 

No brash or fences on the land, which is es- 
pecially adapted to the culture of the orange 
and raisin grape. 

Near to church, school, store and depot. 
Hotel open. Telephone Communication. 

Stage from San Bernardino Tuesdays, Thurs- 
days and Saturdays. 

The price of land has steadily advanced from 
the first price of $50 per acre until now it is 
held at $200 per acre. 





The Crowntnq Cuhnhmtlon ! A $5 Book for S2 BO ! ! 


■*"- , A ml Complete Median 
L Etiln i-geil E d 1 1 i o,n , contains o 
1 t , JO 0,000 Fncts. Unici 
__„ * tions. Processes, Trade Secrets, Lcpal 
Items, Business Forms, etc.. of vast utility to every 
Mechanic. Farmer, and Uusiue^Mnii. Gives '<>()U,000 items 
for Gas, Steam, UiviJ and ..Mining FiiLrineers. Msirliinists, 
Millers, Blacksmiths, Founders, Miners, lletallurgists, 
Assayers, Plum'er, (.la-; aud Steam Fitters. Bronzers, 
G-iMei'-- Met: 1 1 and Wmxl \\ orKersnl evei v kind. Builders 
Mnmifr'ri and Mechanics. 500 EXOHAVINGS of Mill, 
Steam, and Mining Machinery, Tools, sheet Metal 
AVork, Mechanical Movements, Flans of Mills. Roofs, 
Bridges, etc. Arrangement and Speed of Wheels, 
lulleys. Drums, L'.c.lN, Saws, Coring, Turning, Planmg, 
& Drilling Tunis. Fi'nir. Oatmeal, Saw, Slunme. Paper, 
Cotton, Woollen & Fulling Mill Machinery. Sugar. Oil, 
Marble, Threshing & Hulling Mill, do.. Cotton Gins, 
Presses, Sic. Strengt i of Teeth. Shafting, Bolting Fric- 
tion, Lathe Gearing, Screw Cutting. Finishing Enuina 
Building, Repairing mid Operating. Setting of Valves, 
Eccentrics, Link At Valve Motion, Steam Packing, Pipe 
& Boiler Covering, Scale Preventives, Steam Heating, 
Ventilation, Gas i: Water Works, Jlydiaulics, Mill Dams, 
Horse Puwcr of Streams, ete. On Blast Furnaces, Iron 
& Steel Manufacture. Prospecting and Exploring for 
Minerals, Quartz and Placer Minium, Assaying, Amalga- 
mating, etc. -101 TABIDS 500,<;i.O Calculations 
in all possible forms lor Mechanics, Merchants and 
Farmers, 80i) items for Printers, Publishers and 
Writers for. the Press. 1,000 items for Grocers, Con- 
fectioners, Physicians Druggists, etc. 300 Health 
items. 500 do. for Painters, Varnishcrs. Gilders, 
etc. 500 do. for Watchmakers & Jewelers, -100 do. for 
Hunters, Trappers, Tanners, Leather &. Ilubber Work. 
Navigation, Telegraphy, Phototrraphy. Book-keeping, 
etc., in detail. Strength of Materials Effects of Heat, 
Fuel Values, Specific Gravities Freights by rail and 
water— a Car Load, Stowage n Ships, puwer of Steam, 
Water, Wind. Shrinkage of Castings, etc. 10,000 items 
for Housekeepers, Farmers, Gardeners, Stock Owners, 
Bee-keepers, Lumbermen, etc. Fertilizers, lull details. 
Rural Economy, Food Values, Care of Stuck. Remedies 
fordo., to increase L'rons, Pest Poisons, Training Horses, 
Steam Power on Farms. Lightning Calculator for 
Cubic Measures, Ready Reckoner. Produce, Rent, Board, 
Wages, Interest, Coal & Tonna<re Tables. Land, Grain, 
Hay, & Cattle Measurement. Se d. Plough in n. Planting 
& Breeding Tables, Contents of Granaries, Cribs. Tanks, 
Cisterns, Boilers, Logs. Hoards, Scantling, etc., at .sitjht. 
Business Forms, all kinds. Special Laws of I'.i States, Ter- 
ritories and Provinces (in the U. S. ami Canada), relating 
to the Coll. of Debts. Exemptions from Forced Sale, 
Mechanics 1 Lien, the Jurisdiction of Courts, Sale of Real 
Estate. Rights of Married Women, Interest aud Usury- 
Laws, Limitation of Actions, etc. 

^Torms complete t remises on I lie different subjects."— Scl. Am. 

-The work contains 1.01(5 pages, is a veritable Treasury 
of Useful Knowledge, and worth its weight in gold to any 
Mechanic, Business Man, or Farmer. Free by mail, in, 
fine cloth, for $2.50; in leather, for ?3.5Q, Address 

National Boot Co., 73 Ueekman St., New lork. 

Removal of Office of 


San Francisco, January 2, 1883. 


On and after January 4,1883, the Office and Sales- 
room of the JUDSON MANUFACTURING CO. will be 
located at 329 Market Street, San Franciaco, where 
we Bhall carry a full line of Goods of our own manufac- 
ture, such as Files, Tacks, Brads, Shoe, Box and Finishing 
Nails, Hardware and California Victor Mowing Machines 


Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law, 

Rocma 7, 8 and 9, 

No. 820 California Street. S. P., 
(Over Wells Fargo & Co. 'a Ban*. 

Special Attention Paid to Patent 

N. B. — Mr. J. L. Boone, of the above firm, has been con- 
nected with the patent business for over IS rears, and de- 
rotes himself almost exclusively to patent litigation and 
kindred branched 

How to Stop this Paper.— It is not a herculean task to 
stop this paper. Notify the publishers by letter. If i c 
comes beyond the time desired, you can depend upon it 
we do not know that the subscriber wants it stopped. So 
be sure and send us letter. 


25, 27, 29 end 31 Main St.. 

Bet. Market and Mission, near Ferries, San Francisco, 

— and — 

187 Front St., Portland, Oregon. 





On the Ppcific Coast, and 


For the following 

Celebrated Specialties: 

Albany Lubricating Com- 
pound and Cups, 

Albany Cylinder Oil and 
Sight Drop Cylinder Lu- 

Albany Spindle Oil, 

Genuine West Virginia Lu- 
bricating Oil. 

a^"Th6 above can be gotten from us or our AGENTS 


a. GRIFFITH, Prop. 

Penryn, Placer County, - CALIFORNIA.' 

The Granite Stone from the Penryn and Rocklin Quar- 
ries was declared by experts at the Philadelphia Centen- 
nial Exposition to be the 

Best in the United States. 


In Blots, Gray and Black shades, supplied to order on 
short notice. Address, 

Penryn, Placer Co , Cal. 


SCIENTIFIC PRES8 OFFICE, 252 Market (Eleva- 
tor 12 Front), S. P. Pamphlet lor Inventors tree. 



Have Removed from 323 and 325 
Market Street, to 



An Iron Mine of three claims consolidated, situated 
two aud a half miles from Rutherford, on N. V. R. R. 
Contains very laree body of high <jrade ore, samples of 
which may be Been at this office. For particulars address, 
St. Helena, Nupa Co., Cal. 

January 20, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 



Manufacturer of 


From 2 to SOII-jibu Power Engines for steam Yachts. Improved Hoisting Engine?, Engines for pumping artesian wells 
and; Hid fftl lulng iiiirpuHea, and all kinds of Machinery. 

Repairing" Promptly Attended to. 



All Miro-Glyc-rlne Compounds, for instance, so-called HERCULES, VULCAN. VIGORIT, 
MTRO-8AFETY Powder* Etc, are infringements on I lie Giant Powder Co. 1 * Patents. 


Call Special Attention to their Improved Grades of Powder. 
NO. I. — The mQ..t Powerful Explosive Compound now in use here. 
NO. 3a— Surpasses in strength any Powdur of its class ever manufactured. 
NO. 3.— This gradu is a Strung and Reliable Powder, which doea excellent work. 


Ii now used iu all large Hydraulic ("hums, and on mo3t Railroad . It breaks much more ground, and obviates rehlasting 
by breaking much fijer. TRIPLE FORGE CAPS AND ALL GHADES OF FUSE. 
JtSTThe Glint Powder Company havu also purchased from Mr. Nobel, the inventor of Nitro-Gljcerine, his latest in- 
vention, knowu uuder the name of 

KTOBEXj'S explosive gelatine 

Tblsexploaive is from 5tt% to 60% stronger than the strongest Nitro Glycerine Compound and impervious to wato 
Even hot water does not diminish its strength. We are now introducing the same. 

i: turn i\v. mi:i,-i:\ .v < <>.. General Ascitis. si» Front si., s. F. 

Contai s no Nitro Glycerine or Chlorate of Potash, and is ihs 

only High Explosive Manufactured in America that 

does not contain these Dangerous Ingredients. 

Price of Tonite Materially Reduced Tfor 1883. 


No. 310 California Street, 


To Subscribers. 

f*' Notify us by postal card should It happen that you re- 
ceive this paper beyond the time desired. We do not want 
any one to take it unwillingly, Don't receive it, nor fail to 
notify us, however, if you do not expect to pay for it. 

Good land that will raise a crop every 
year. Over 12,000 acres for sale iu lots to 
suit. Climate healthy. No drouths, bad 
floods, nor malaria. Wood and water 
convenient. U. S. Title, perfect. Send stamp for illus- 
trated circular, to EDWARD FRISBIE, Proprietor of 
Beading Ranch, Anderson, Shut* County, CmL 





1— 10s:14 Single. 1— 8x12 Double. 


47 and 49 Fremont St., - - - SAN FRANCISCO. 



The Best Low Grade Explosive in the raarkut. Superior to Black or Judson Powder 


The best Nitro-Glyoerine Powders manufac'ured. Having secured large lota of the 
heft imported Glycerins at low pi ices, we are prepared to offer tie milling public the 
very strongest, most uniform and best Nitro-Glycerine Powder at the very Lowest 


Vulcan B B Powder (in Kegs or Cases) is TJnequaled 

For Bank Singling and Ruilroad Work. 

Caps and Fuse of all Grades at Bottom Rates. 

The Central and Southern Pacific Railroads Use Vulcan Pow- 
der anri no Other. 

Vulcan Fowder Co., 218 California St., S. F. 

S. HEYDENFELT. - - President, 
H. SHAINWALD, - - - Secretar y. 


The "Old Reliable, 


With Important Improvements, making it the 


Comprising the Largest and the Smallest Wheela, under both the Highest and 

Lowest head used in this_country. Our new Illustrated Book sent free to those 
owning water power. 

Those improving water power Bhould not fail to write us for New Prices, before 
buying elBewhure. New Shops and New Machinery are provided for making this 
WheeL Address 


Springfield, Ohio, and 110 Liberty Street, New York Otty 
PARKE & LACY. General Agents, 2t & 23 Fremont St.. S. F. 


Silver Plated 


For Saving Gold. 

Every description of plates for Quartz Mills and Wet or 
Dry Placer Amalgamator Machines made to order, corru- 
gated or plain. 


The most extensive and successful manufacturer of these 
platen in the United States. 

Will fi I orders for delivery In Rocky Mountain and Pa- 
cific Coast Mining States at lower prices than any other 

Old Mining Plates Replated. Old Plates bought, or gold 
separated for low percentage of result. 



653 & 655 Mission Street, San Francisco, Oal. 
E.G. DENNISTON, Proprietor. 


Two Gold, one Copper and one Antimony, for CASH 
CUSTOMERS. Mines will be as good as sold if first-class 
and accompanied with favorable Reports from Experts of 
known reputation. No PROSPECTS wanted, and no 
mine without an Expert Report will be entertained. 
Apply in person or by letter to 

45 Merchant's Exchange San Fiancleco, Oal* 

By Telephone. — Subscribers, advertisers and other 
patrons of this office can address orders, or make appoint- 
ments with the proprietors or agents by we 
are connected with the central systemin San Francisco. 






CIMC wood 

Send copy for) 
estimate. [ 
IT WIlii.PAY Y0U)7I 


702 CHESTNUT 1 -' PHILAl" ft 


Mining and Scientific Press.^ 

[January 20, 1883 

IfDj) and Iflachipe tyofe 

F. P. Bacon, Pres. C. L. Fours. Sec'y. 

The Globe Iron Works Co., 

Manufacturers and Repairers of all kinds of 



Locomotives, Hoisting anl Mining Macninery, Port- 
able, Stationery anl Marine Engines. 

Office and Works— 222 and 224 Fremont St., 

igTAsents for C. H. Baker's Miain? Horse Power; 
Bi-hip's Milling Pump Apparatus; 0. H. Baker's Quick- 
silver Feeder. 

Oakland Jlron Works. 

We are uow prepared to do all kinds of 

Heavy and Light Castings and Machinery 

Marine and Stationery Engines, Rock Breakers, Stamp 
Mills, Pumpim? Machinery, Donkey Engines, etc. 

Good Facilities for Shipping on Cars 

Works Located Cor. Second and Jefferson 
Streets, Oakland. 





Kinds of Machinery for Mining Purposes. 

Flouring Mills, Saw Mills and Quartz Mills Machinery 
constructed, fitted up and repaired. 

Front Street, Between N and O Streets, 


Golden State & Miners Iron Works, 

Manufacture Iron Castings and Machinery 

of all Kinds at Greatly Beduced Rates. 


Golden State Pressure Blowers. 

First St.. between Howard & Folsom, S. F. 

California Brass Foundry, 

No. 125 First Street, Opposite Minna. 

All kinds of Brass, Composition, Zinc, and Babbitt 
Metal Castings, Brass Ship Work of all kinds, Spikes, 
Sheathing Nails, Rudder Braces, Hinges, Ship and Steam- 
boat Bells and Gongs of superior tone. All kinds of Cocks 
and Valves, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles, and Hose Coup- 
lings and Connections of all sizes and patterns, furnished 
with dispatch. ^PRICES MODERATE. -SJ 


California Machine Works, 


Engineer and Machinist, 

119 Beale Street, San Francisco. 

Portable and Double Sawmills, Steam Eogines, Flour, 

Quartz and Minin g Machinery. Brodic's Patent Rock Crusher 


No. 1 Crusher, 4 tons per hour S150.00 

" 2 " 6 ....• 625.00 

'■ 3 " S " " " 925.00 

" " 15001bs " " 150.00 

The Best Crusher in the Market and at the Lowest Price3. 
Power, Hydraulic Ram or Cylinder Elevators, Hand Power 
Hoists, for sidewalks any purpose, Saw Arbors and Mill 
Fittings. Repairing promptly attended to 


Of all sizes — from 2 to 60-Horse power. Also, Quartz 
Mills, Mining Pumps, Hoisting Machinery, Shafting, Iron 
Tanks, etc. For sale at the loweBt prices by 

J. HBNDY, 49 and 61 Fremont Street, S. F. 




and 131 Beale St., between Mission and Howard, S. F. 



Comstock Shaft Lantern, 

Improved, Strong and Re- 

In General Use on tlie 

For Bale at wholesale by 

Holliroot, Merrills Stetson, 



This COKE is exclusively used by Prof. Thomas Price, in his assay office, by the Selby 
Smelting and Lead Co., Prescott, Scott & Co., Eisdon Iron and Locomotive Works and others in 
this city. Large supplies are regularly forwarded to consumers in Salt Lake and Nevada, to the 
Copper Queen Mining Co., Longfellow Copper Mining Co. and other consumers in Arizona. 

The undersigned are in receipt of regular supplies from Cardiff, Wales, and offer the COKE 
for sale in quantities to suit purchasers. 


316 California St., San Francisco. 

Berry & Place Machine Go. 

* PARKE & LACY, Proprietors. 

No. S California Street, 

San Francisco, 


Importers and Dealers in every 
Variety of 


Wood and Iron Working Machinery, 


Stationary. Portable and Hoisting? "Engines and Boilers 
Sawmills. Shingle Mills, Emery Wheels and Grind- 
ers, Gardner Governors, Planer Knives, Sand 
Paper in Rolls, together w Ith a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies, includ- 
ing Leather Belting, Rubber Belt- 
ing Packing and Hose. 
t3T Catalogues furnished on Application. js>j 





Office, 61 First St. | Cor. First & Mission Sts., S. F. | P. 0. Box 2128. 



Agents of the Cameron Steam Pump. 

Home Industry.— All Work Tested and Guaranteed. 

Vertical Engines, Baby Hoists, Stamp!., 

Horizontal Engines, Ventilating Fans, Pans, 

Automatic Cut-off Engines, Rock Breakers, Settlers, 

Compound Condensing Engines, Self-Feeders, Retorts 

Shafting, Pullets, Etc., Etc. 

Send for Late Circulars. PRESCOTT, SCOTT & CO. 

"W^illiam Hawkins. 



210 and 212 Beale Street, bet. Howard and Folsom Sts., - - San Francisco. 

Manufacturer of 



Also of the HAWKINS' PATENT ELEVATOR HOIST, tor Hotels, Warehouses 
and Public Buildings. 

Steam Engines and all Kinds of Mill and Mining Machinery. 


Successors to MOREY & SPERRY, 
Manufacturers of all kinds cf 


Gold and Silver Grinding, Concentrating' and Amalgamating Machinery, Engines 
and Boilers of any eize. Hydraulic Giants, Hydraulic Outfits. All the various kinds 
of Amalgamating Pans, Combination, Eclipse, Excelsior, etc. Settlers, Rock Break- 
ers. Stamp Mills for Wet or Dry Crushing Howland's Fu'verSzer, Improved Riffles, 
- - -Retorts for Gold and Silver, Silver Plated Copper for free Gold 
Amalgamation. Hoisting and Pumping Macninery, Chloridiz- 
ing Furnaces, it:. Mining and Mill Supplies of every descrip- 
tion. Steel Shoes and Diesthatlastthreetirnesasloug as any iron. 

WARERO0MS: 92 & 9* Liberty St., New York, 

Foundry and Machine Shop: Newburg, N. 7. 

NOTICE3.— The public and former friends and 

patrons of the old firm of Morey & Sperry are 

hereby notified that the abave-named Company is 

the legitimate and ONLY successor to the said 

firm, having acquired all tho drawings, 

patterns and machinery of the of the old 

firm, together with the lease and good 

will of its business. 

We shall continue the business, with 
largely increased facilities, at the old 
place, having made connection with the 
Newburg Steam Engine works, which have been enlarged to meet the demands of this Company. Mr. Franklin 
Morey, of the late firm of Morey & Sperry, will manage the business of this Company. Information and esti- 
mates of the various stjk-s of Mini ng and Milling Machinery cheerfully given. All orders filled promptly. Mate- 
rials and Workmanship First-Class. 



PROM 1-4 TO 10,000 lbs. WEIGHT. 

True to pattern, sound and solid, of uuequaled strength, toughness and 

An invaluable substitute for forginga or cast-iron requiring three-fold 

Gearing of all kinds, Shoes, Dies, Hammerheads, Crossheads for Loco- 
motives, etc. 

15,000 Crank Shafts and 10,000 Gear Wheels of this Steel now running 
prove its superiority over other Steel Castings. 


Circulars and Price Lists free. Address 


Works, COESTElC.'Pa. 401 Library St., PHILADELPHIA 

Corner Beale and Howard Sts., 


tV. H TAYLOR, Prea't. JOSEPH MOORE, Sup'l 

Builders of Steam Machinery 

In all its BRANonss, 

Steamboat Steamship, Land 

Engines and Boilers, 


STEAM VESSELS, of all kinds, built complete with 

Hulls of Wood, Iron or Composite. 
ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad- 

STEAM LAUNCHES, BargeB and Steam Tugs con- 
structed with reference to the Trade In which they are 
to be employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water 

STEAM BOILERS. Particular attention given to 
the quality of the material and workmanship, and|none 
but first-class work produced. 

MACHINERY made after the most approved plans. 
Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith. 

WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any size 
made in suitable lengths for connecting together, or 
sheets rolled, punched, and packed for shipment ready 
to be riveted on the ground. 

Water Pipe made by this establishment, riveted by 
Hydraulic Riveting Machinery, that quality of work 
being far superior to hand work. 

SHIP WORK. Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam 
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made after the 
most approved plans. 

PUMPS. Direct Acting Pumps, lor Irrigation or City 
Water Works purposes, built with the celebrated Davy 
Valve Motion, superior to any other Pump. 



Quartz Mill, 


1 to 8 Tons 

In 24 Hours, According 
to SlZB. 

m mum, 

Sole Manufacturers, 

217, 219 and 221 
Fremont Street, 


iS"Send for Circular. 

Galena Silver & Copper Ores. 

many features that are entirely new and of great practi- 
cal utility, which are covered by letters patent. 

No other furnaces can compare with these for dura- 
bility and in capacity for uninterrupted work. 

MORE THAN SIXTY of them are now running on the 
Pacific Coast, giving results never before obtained as re- 
gards continuous running, economy of fuel, grade and 
quality of bullion produced. We are prepared to demon- 
strate by facts the claims here made. 

These Smelters are shipped in a complete state, requir- 
ing no brick or stone work, except that for the crucible, 
thus saving great expense and loss of time in construc- 

Complete smelti tig plants made to order of any capacity 
and with all the improvements that experience has sug- 
gested as valuable in this class of machinery. Skilled and 
experienced smelters furnished when desired to examine ' 
mines and to superintend construction and running of 
furnaces. Estimates given upon application. 

Send for circular. 

Pacific Iron Works, San. Francisco. 

Dewey & Co.Ur^s..! Patent Agt's 

January 20, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


Machinery Depot, 

2 1 and 23 Fremont Street. S. F 



With Adjustable Cut-off Poppet Valve Engine, and Forced Iron Crank Shafts- 


Absolute certainty ia the actios of the valves at any speed. Perfect delivery of the air at any 
speed or pressure. The heating of the air entirely prevented at any pressure. Takes less vater to 
cool the air than any other Compressor. 

Power applied to tho best advantage. Access obtainable to all the valves by removing air chest 
covers. Kntire absence of springs or friction to open or shut the valves. No valve stems to break 
and drop inside of cylinders. 

Have no back or front heads to break. The only Machine that makes a perfect diagram. No 
expensive foundations required. Absolute economy in first cost and after working. 

DlSPLACEHEHTS in air cylinder perfect. Showing less leakage and friction than our competitors 
ami a superior economy of about 20 per cent. 

Small Sizes made in Sections not to Exceed 300 lbs. 

Tho Kortinir'fl Injector is the simplest, 
cheapest and best in use. Will draft its 
own water, hot or cold, and feed under 
varying pressure. Send tor Circular. 


Importers and Dealers in Machinery and Supplies. 
Nos. 2 and 4 California Street, S. F. 


Fay & Co., Wood Working Ma 

Bemmt & Son's Machinists 

Blake's Steam Pumps. 
Perry's Centrifugal Pumps. 
Gould's Hand & Power Pumps. & 
Perrirj's Band Saw Blades. 
Payne's Vertical and Horizontal 

Steam Engines. 
Williamson Bros. Hoisting En- Ig^- 

New Haven Machine Co.'s Ma- 1 

chinists' Tools. 
Otto Silent Gas Engines. 


Blowers and Ex- 

More Than 16,000 In Use. 

Hoisting Engines of all Kinds. 


Jndson's Steam Governors. 
Pickering's Steam Governors. 
Tanite Co. Emery Wheels. 
Nathan & Dreyfus' Oilers. 
Korting's Injectors and Ejec- 

Disston's Circular Saws. 

New York Belting & Packing 
Co.'s Rubber Belting, Hose, 
Packing, etc. 

Ballard's Oak Tanned Leather 

Pacific Rolling Mill Co.. 





Car and Locomotive Axles and Frames, and Hammered Iron of Every Description. 

SW Orders Solicited and Promptly Executed. 

Office. No. 202 Market St.. UNION BlOCK. 




A. C. WELLS & CO., Patentees, 
Market St. Manchester, Eng. 

Adoptedln the English Govern- 
ment and finest Hallway Wurks 
and Steamship Cowiiauitd in the 


Entirely superseding tin 
goods, as they Don't 
Leak! or Break! 

Cast in first two years, 
superseding all others. 

Ask your Fur- 
nisher to get you 


Agents wanted in all P& rlt 
Liberal Terms. 

Sole Wholesale Agents for the United Slates, 
PAINE, DIEHL CO., 140 Chesiut Street, Philadelphia, Pa 



and Other Machine Tools, 


Wheel Cutting to Order. 
SAN FRANCISCO TOOL CO., 21 Stevenson St., S. P. 



Sporting, Cannon, Mining, Blasting and 


HERCULES POWDER will break more rock, is stronger, safer and better than any other 
Explosive in use, and is the only Nitro- Glycerine Powder chemically compounded to neutralize 
the poisonous fumes, notwithstanding bombastic and pretentious claims by others. 

it derives its name from HBRcrLRS, the most famouB hero of Greek Mythology, who was gifted with superhuman 

strength. On one occasion ho slew several giants who opposed him, and with one blow of 

his club broke a high mountain from summit to base. 

No. 1 (XX) is the Strongest Explosive Known. 
No. 2 is superior to anv powder of that grade. 



Office, No. 230 California Street 

San Francisco, Cal. 



National Iron Works, 

Northwest Cor. Main and Howard St9., San Francieco, 



At Greatly Reduced Prices. 


Stationary and Compound Engines, Flour, Sugar, Quartz and Saw Mills. At alga 

mating Macmnes. 


Sole Manufacturers of Kendall's Patent Ouartz Mills. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 20, 1883 


Manufacturers of 


Off Every Description. 

For Inclined Pianos, Standing Ship Rigging, Suspension Biidges, Ferries; for Mines and all kinds or 

Heavy Hoisting; for Stays and Guys on Derricks, Cranes and Shears; for 

T Hers, Sawmills, Sash Cords, Lightning Conductors, etc. 

Galvan ; zed and Plain Telegraph Wire. 


14 Drumm Street, 





Mining Machinery. 

For Catalogues, Estimate?, Etc., address 

Berry & Place Machine Company, 

PARKE & LACY, Proprietors. 




This paper is printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charles Eneu Johnson & Co., 509 
South 10th St., Philade'phla. Branch Offl- 
ces-47 Rose St., New York, and 40Li Sal e 
St.. Chicago. Agent for the Pacific Coast— 
Joseph H. Dorety, 529 Commercial St., S. F. 


Dealer in Leonard & Elite' Celebrated 


The Bent and Cheapest. 

These Superior Oils cannot be purchased through dtaler 
and are sold direct to cmmtamer only by H. H. JBROMLEY 
sole dealer in these goods. 

Ruferi'uce— Any first-clasB Engine or Machine Builder in 
America. Address, -13 Sacramento St,, S. F. 

$1,000 CHALLENGE! 




Over 400 are now in use, giving entire satisfaction. Saves from 40 to 100 per cent, more than any other Con- 
centrator in use, and concentrations are clean from the first working. The wear and tear are merely nominal. 

A machine can be seen m working order, and ready to make teats, at the office of Hinckley, Spiers & Hayes, 220 
Fremont Street. 

To those intending to manufacture or purchase the so-called "Triumph" Concen- 
trator, -we herewith state: 

That legal advice has been given that all shaking motion applied to an endless traveling belt used for concen- 
tration of or*s is an infringement on patents held and owned by the Frue Vanning Machine Company. 

That 9i. i his been commenced in New York against an end-shake machine similar to the Triumph, and 1 hat as 
soon as decision is reached in the courts there, proceedings will be taken against all Western infringements. 

That tha patent laws make users of infringements responsible as well as makers, and the public is therefore 
warned that there is considerable risk in purchasing any end-shake machine until our various patents have been 

That if there are those who for any reason prefer an end-Bhake machine, we can manufacture and sell to such a 
machine of that description, as efficient as the Triumph, and at a lower price, and no liability for infringement will 
then be incur'ed by the purchaser. 

That wu Bhall protect ourselves against any 1 one making, selling or using any machine infringing any of our 
patents. Patented July 9, 1867; May 4, 1S69; Dec. 22, 1874; Sept. 2, 1879; April 27, 1880. Patents applied for. 

That we are, and have been, ready at any time, to make a competitive trial against the Triumph, or any other 
machine, for stakes of 81,000. 

ADAMS & CARTER, Agents Frue Vanning Machine Company, 

Room 7, 109 California Street, - 

Nov. G. 1882. 





Orders may be addressed to ub at any of the fol- 
lowing places, at each of which we carry a stock. 


Nob. 2 and 4 Califomln Street. 


No. 48 Front Street. 


Nos. 162 and 154 Lake Street. 
And 40 Franklin Street. 


No. 209 North TUrd Street 


Nos. 811 to 819 North Second Street. 


Bought and Sold for INVENTORS, 
and bandied in UNITED STATES 
and EUROPE. 

Profitable Investments in Valuable Patents made for 
Capitalists by 


Room 14, 320 California St. (over Wells|& Fargos 

The Pacific Coast offers a good market for useful In- 

Dewey & Co. {„.£?„. 

Patent Agt's 



Best Truck Silver Medal. 

Best Hose Cart Silver Medal. 

4-SprlDg WaKon, With Top Silver Medal. 

Best Mile: Wagon Silver Medal 

Carriage, Wagon & Truck Manufactory, 

47 & 19 Beale Street, 



Am Illustrated 




Number 4. 

Locke's Improved Lead Smelting Furnace. 

The exhibit .it the Denvei Exposition of an 
unproved lead smelting furnace, mannfac tared 
by the Lane ft Bodley Co, of Cinoinnati, Ohio, 
from designs furnished by CoL Jos. M. Locke, 
r. E . M. ET, of Sail LakeCity, Qtah, attracted 
considerable attention, espeoially from those in 
terested in the reduction of ores, In designing 
^he furnace Col. Locke has combined all the 
later improvements and been guided in the se- 
Lection and arrangement of the same by the ad- 
vice of th-.' principal smelters in the West. The 
main features of this Bmelter can he briefly 
toted as follows: The crucible binders are 
made of ribbed wrought iron in lieu of east, thus 
securing lightness without sacrifice of strength, 
and at the same time greatly reducing the lia- 
bility to breakage. This substitution of wrought 
for cast iron extends throughout the whole 
structure. The furnace being of the reetangu- 
lar pair, in, the ground plan of the base is that 
i a rectangle 9x7-J ft., with the corners cut oft", 
thus allowing the uprights which support the 
deck plate to have foundations outside of the 
crucible hinders. These uprights are rolled I 
beams, the grooves in their sides forming ex- 
cellent racks for tools. The deck plate is also 
made of rolled beams placed some distance 
apart, the apace between them being utilized as 
a conduit for any vapors escaping from the fur- 
nace. Pipes lead from the above conduits to 
the top of the building. The water jacket, 
which is in sections, is made of steel, in the fol- 
lowing manner : The sheet forming the Hre 
side of the jacket is shaped into a box over six 
inches deep without cutting the corners, so as 
not to have any riveted or welded joint exposed 
to the fire. The back plate is formed into a 
shallow box fitting into the other, the concave 
sides of both boxes facing outward, the oute r 
edges of the two parts being flush, and in which 
position they are riveted and caulked, thus 
caving the joint entirely on the outside. At- 
ached to the outside of the jackets are hoppers 
open at the top, and through which the cold 
water is supplied to keep the jackets 
cool, and from which there is an 
overflow for the hot water. This form, known 
as the open-topped jacket, claims advantages 
over the old method of closed jackets with an 
inlet and outlet pipe, in which case, if the open- 
ings of the inlet pipes are neglected or either pipe 
becomes obstructed, the results are serious, as 
steam woidd in such a case accumulate in the 
jackets to force out the [water, and thus expose 
the jacket to being burnt. 

In the present form such neglect or accidents 
become known at once to the furnace man, and 
in case of obstruction to the supply pipes the 
open-topped hopper affords an opportunity to 
furnish the jacket with water during the re- 
pair of piping. The end jackets do not come 
down to the crucible by about seven inches. 
The space so left is filled up with a small closed 
top jacket which can be readily removed. This 
construction does away with the old-fashioned 
brick breast, and in case of necessity enables 
the furnace man to rapidly open and close up 
the furnace at any time it becomes desirable so 
to do. All the piping for ah', supply and dis- 
charge of water, and the valves to the same are 
so arranged as to admit of any jacket being re- 
moved without disturbing the connection of the 
remainder, and all valves are within ready reach 
of the furnace man. The ultimate economy of 

these steel jackets has been fully demonstrated 
by experience at tho large smelting works of 

the Horn Silver Mining Company, near Salt 
Lake, h here five furnaces are iu operation, 
each measuring 40 inches by nine foot at the 
tuyere, These five furnaces during the first 

Our New Dress, 

The MINING wi> SttBNTIYIC I'ukss will ap- 
pear td its subscribers this week like an old 
friend refreshed, cleansed and redressed after 
a long journey. Our old reading type bore well 

to draw closer to us in the Bupport of our en> 
terprise. The expenditure for our new outfit is 
a sign of our devotion to the work, and we hope 
it will had to reciprocal effort on the part of 
our patrons in the way of prompt renewals and 
kind words which will enlist others to give us 
their .support. There are thousands more who 
should read the P&£SS, and probably would if 
they should hear, from those who know it, of 
its value. 

To our editorial friends, who are typograph- 
ical experts, we can but appeal for kindly judg- 
ment. They know well that it is hard to get a 
new suit with all the seams properly pressed at 
the first appearance. Knjoy what is good 
and overlook defects. It is a good rule in all 


six months of 1S82 had an output of over $2,- 
000,000 in value. 

The shape of the furnace internally is 
as follows: From the tuyers upwards the 
water jacket has a bosh on the sides, thus in- 
creasing the width to five and a half feet; the 
ends are perpendicular from the top of the 
jacket; the sides are perpendicular to the feed 
door, making the shaft five feet by five and one- 
half feet. The bight should be adapted to the 
character of the ore to be worked. The Lane & 
Bodley Co. have a Western office at Salt Lake 
City, Utah, of which Col, Locke is manager, 

the heavy task laid upon it, but its work is done. 
This week we have the new type, with its sharp 
outlines and clear impressions, which we trust 
may make our paper all the more welcome, espe- 
cially if we can, as we hope 1jd do, make our 
selections of facts more pertinent and our de 
ductions therefrom more vigorous and valuable 
than heretofore. The new type will also prove 
an acceptable comparison to the finer engravings 
which we expect to introduce in greater abun 
dance than before. 

The improved appearance of the paper may 
prove,Ve trust, anincentive to all our friends 

American Institute of Mining Engi- 

The papers read at the more recent meetings 
of the American Institute of Mining Engineers 
have been of a character of much greater inter- 
est to miners on this coast than formerly. Un 
til within the past two years nearly all the pa- 
pers were on subjects more directly connected 
with the coal and iron interests of the country. 
The precious metal interests were seldom con- 
sidered. The reason was, of course, that the 
more active members of the Institute, and those 
who wrote most, were professionally engaged 
among the coal and iron mines. 

Now a change has taken place, and many of 
the gentlemen who are members of the associa- 
tion come out to this coast among the gold, sil- 
ver, copper and lead mines. We see the result 
hi papers which treat of matters connected with 
precious metal mining subjects which interest 
other miners than those who work in coal and 

It seems to us that this broadens the field of 
usefulness of the association very greatly in- 
deed. Not only are there more papers read, 
but the proceedings, as published, are of greater 
value to a more general class. It cannot be 
said that the mining engineers of the coast who 
reported on or managed the great gold and sil- 
ver mines were ever a very communicative 
class. Whatever they knew they kept pretty 
much to themselves. Messrs. Hague, Bowie and 
Goodyear published, as did Messrs. Kustel, 
Aaron and Phillips, but outside of these few but 
little from the pens of this class of the com- 
munity ever came into public print. 

The public have been dependent almost en- 
tirely on such journals as the Mixing and Sci- 
entific Press for such details of mining and 
metallurgy as could be procured, The engineers 
were exceedingly reticent, and little more than 
generalities could be gleaned from them. The 
three or four attempts to form a society of min- 
ing engineers on this coast met with failure. 

Now, however, that the American Institute 
of Mining Engineers has within it so many of 
the profession both competent and willing to go 
into the science of mining and metallurgy of the 
precious metals, and lead and copper as well as 
iron and coal, there is hope for us on this coast. 

This makes the American Institute more of a 
national and less of a local institution. The pa- 
pers will be welcomed everywhere instead of in 
one section only. The miners and metallurgists 
of the country will look to members of the In- 
stitute to elucidate knotty problems, and to 
give them the science essential to their busi- 
ness. We, see in this a better field of usefulness 
for'tlie Institute and an'opportunity for it to de- 
velop into a much larger society than it ever 
has been, 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 27, 1883 


The Black Sand Question. 

Reason of Loss of Gold. 

Editors Pkess:— Knowing the willingness of 
Professor Hanks to lend his time and ear for 
the investigation of any interesting fact con- 
nected with the production of more gold, I 
made the request for a day of his time, that to- 
gether we might closely examine into the 
-black Band" question, as connected with hy- 
draulic mining. I had just returned from the 
gravel mines of the Red Hill Hydraulic Mining 
and "Water Co., located near Magalia, Butte 
Co., Cal. During my stay there a partial clean- 
up was had, in which I participated with the 
view of studying the character of gold and the 
best mode for saving the highest percentage. 
During the clean-up I observed that magnetic 
iron and iron in its various forms, from the size 
of beans to the finest pulverized "black sand, 
was moving down the sluices in large quanti- 
ties A cursory examination disclosed the fact 
that vury minute particles of mercury were at- 
tached to the iron. I saw at once that here 
was a matter for investigation, as a minute 
particle of gold must be behind this mercury 
for it to thus attach itself to the iron. Black 
sand mallourhydraulicand drift mmes is abun- 
dant, and that it contains more or less gold is 
universally known; but this gold .has generally 
been considered free, and in a condition to be 
saved by careful washing. Although I had 
read of others' ideas and experiments on the 
black sand question, yet, like too many other 
hydraulic miners, have given the subject here- 
tofore but little attention as connected with 
this class of mining. I now concluded on a 
very thorough investigation, and for this pur- 
pose collected a quantity of the iron, varying 
in size from coffee grains to the finest, and to 
the examination of thisrequested the Professor's 
attention and assistance. A general examina- 
tion was first made through the Professor's pow- 
erful microscope, and the first view revealed a 
secret of much value to me, and should be to. 
all hydraulic miners. Here was black sand and 
iron ore being washed off by the hundreds 
of pounds daily, much of which carried 
gold coated with a film of iron so thin 
as to prevent the adherence of mercury, and 
yet discernible as gold through the microscope, 
but not to the naked eye; some where mer- 
cury would attach itself to abraided points; 
other specimens so black as only to be suspected, 
but which the blow pipe revealed to be gold; 
"rusty gold" completely enveloped, and having 
no affinity for mercury; and with all this some 
particles of very fine bright gold. 

I must say I was surprised at seeing so much 
gold in such condition, none of which is secur- 
ed by our present system of washing. The Pro- 
fessor assured me he had examined black sands 
from other hydraulic mines with similar results, 
and only wondered that hydraulic miners be- 
fore this has not given the matter more atten- 
tion. It did not take many glances through 
the microscope to satisfy me that I had busi- 
ness ahead, as the stoppage of such a loss must 
be arrested as soon as possible. We worked, 
calculated and speculated on the value of the 
gold associated with the black sands washed off 
m the working of our hydraulic and drift mines. 
And here let me say, as first expressed by the 
Professor, the saving of these sands, when once 
entered upon by the Hydraulic and drift min- 
ers, will solve, in a great degree, the debris 
problem; for the reason it will paythe hydraulic 
miner to change his mode of dumping debris. 
On this proposition 1 think'I can say the Red 
Hill Company will lead off. On this question, 
however, I may have more to say hereafter. 
The microscope having revealed so much, I now 
concluded to find the value per ton of the sands 
of various degrees of fineness. To this end the 
first operation was sizing the ore, which re- 
sulted as follows, 100 being the standard: 
Nob. Bievea. 100 standard. Va'. per 100 Val. perron 

Bet 5 and 10 mesh 20.75 §11.10 $222.00 

» 10 " 20 " 1 SO 34.20 GS4.00 

" 30 " 40 " 7 25 2 70 64.00 

" 40 " 00 63.41 24 00 480 00 

" 60 " 100 " 7.29 -60 12.00 

This makes an average of $290 per ton. As 
extravagant as these figures may seem, there is 
no getting away from the gold buttons in hand. 
It is proper to state that between the sizes of 
5 to 20 mesh were several pieces of iron quite 
heavily coated with rusty gold, hence such large 
results; this may and yet may not be excep- 
tional; further testing will determine. That 
which attracts my particular attention, and 
goes further to convince me of the value of these 
sands, is the result of that as sized between 40 
and 00. I can see how this grade of "black 
sand" is likely to possess the value independent 
of the rusty gold by gatheriug and holding in 
its strong, magnetic, if you please, embrace, the 
finer free gold. The further I progressed in 
these experiments the more astonished I be- 
came, and yet the Professor had prepared my 
mind for satisfactory results. I could not at 
first believe there was one-quarter the value en- 
veloped in these black sands. That these sands 
generally, from productive mines, properly con- 
centrated, will pay §100 per ton on the average, 
I have not the least doubt, So much for 
the experiment of considerable labor made for 
my satisfaction, but which I give to the public 
for the reason I engaged the time of Mr. Hanks, 

who is working in the interest of the State, and 
in compliance with my promise to him to do so 
at the start. Whether these tests will awaken 
any interest in the minds of hydraulic, drift and 
placer miners, or not, concerns me but little. I 
can only say they should. I am now engaged 
in more extended experiments, and hope in time 
to solve two important problems: First, how to 
mechanically and cheaply extract the sands, and 
not interfere with extensive working. Second, 
how to practically and cheaply extract the gold. 
The latter, however, to me, is a more simple 
problem than the former. 

Almarin B. Paul. 
San Francisco, Cal.,- January, 1883. 

Notes From Eureka, Nevada. 

[Prom our Regular Correspondent.] 
There has been a great deal of comment in 
regard to the Albion affairs during the week. 
By many persons the amount of the company's 
indebtedness has been shrewdly guessed, while 
others have missed the mark by a great many 
thousand dollars. I have not been in the mine 
since my last report to the Mining and Scien- 
tific Press, but am assured by those who 
have that there is as much in sight as ever. 
The new sections of 

The Accumulator at the Eureka Con. 
Have been set in place. It is expected that the 
pipes and fittings will be attached and all ready 
to steam up on Thursday next. 

At the Phoenix some of the tributers have 
been shipping ore, but have not yet got in their 
returns. It is said that the Jackson will shortly 
be started up by the company, but of the truth 
thereof I know naught. Mr. E. N. Robinson 
has bonded 

The Eagle Series of Claims, 
Lying southeast from the Jackson, that Joe 
Potts in his lifetime held to be a branch exten- 
sion of the Ruby Hill mineral belt. Not suffi- 
cient work has been done, however, to deter- 
mine whether his theory is correct or not. The 
claims in question are three in number, known 
as the Eagle, Blake and Connor, each 200 feet 
wide and 1,500 ft. in length on the lode. If 
bold iron croppings indicate favorably, it is a 
good property. Ten men are at work prospect- 
ing on the ground. At the bottom of an in- 
cline shaft on the Eagle I found iron, sand, 
clay, spar, and just enough of low-grade ore to 
swear by. This was at a depth of 27 ft. from 
the surface on the incline. There is a good 
double compartment shaft on the Bayard Tay- 
lor mine down 150 ft. that is situated within a 
stone's throw to the eastward of the in- 
cline shaft above mentioned, and on this a whim 
is to be set up. What the plan of operations is 
I did not learn, but there is some low-grade ore 
in the mine, and a big cave that has not yet 
been explored, as I learned from one of the own- 
ers three years ago, since when it has been lying 
idle, with exception of assessment work done on 
the ground. Indications point to the probability 
of the shaft being carried down to a greater 
depth, say to 300 ft., whence a crosscut driven 
out under the Eagle series would be a a good 
thing to prospect both properties. 

The Eureka Tunnel 
Is looking about the same as it has been for 
several weeks past. Ore is being shipped at 
the rate of eight to ten tons per day that works 
about $100 per ton. The output might be in- 
creased if the hoisting capacity were equal to 
removing the waste rock, which is not the case 
at present. It was intended to enlarge the main 
shaft and place the new engine on it, but a 
careful survey of the workings has shown the 
better plan to be the enlarging of a winze sunk 
100 feet west of the mam south drift. This is 
being done, and the timbers are framed ready 
to set. The advantages of sinking a working 
shaft and placing the engine at this point are 
various. The ground is more favorable for 
sinking, there is already a splendid prospect 
for ore in the winze, and the ore deposits at the 
south are dipping almost vertical, but with an in- 
clination towards it. In addition to the ad- 
vantages named there is a reasonable probabil- 
ity of finding a continuation of the first ore 
body discovered in the tunnel, which has made 
off in several directions, but in stringers too 
small to follow considering the means at hand 
to do the work. The south drift has been 
driven to the El Dorado Con. line on a seam 
showing fine indications for ore, but nothing 
has been discovered worth mentioning. Yet 
the ground looks so well that it seems a pity 
not to explore it thoroughly. It will be done 
in good time, says the worth * foreman, Mr. 
"Win. Maxwell, than whom a better man could 
not be selecled for the place. Ventilation from 
the surface is the strongly apparent necessity. 
It must be had, and how to get it with the best 
advantages and most profit to the company, is 
now a matter under consideration. 

The Bald Eagle and Pioneer 
Mmes have been consolidated, the Pioneer peo- 
ple agreeing to furnish an equal amount of cap- 
ital with the Eureka (Nevada) Silver Mining 
Company. An English corporation will 
conduct the business of the company in London; 
60,000 new shares will be issued to raise capital 
for working purposes. 

Four men are at work taking out quartz ore 
from the Republic mine on Prospect mountain. 
The mine looks favorable. On the Chloride and 

Bromide locations, adjoining, assessment work 
finished last month left them in a very promis- 
ing condition. Possibly, the next assessment 
work done on these claims w T ill develop some 
ore in quantities sufficient to warrant further 
exploration, when doubtless a capitalist will 
happen on the ground and offer a few hundred 
dollars for the property, which in any ordinary 
camp in Colorado he would be ashamed to offer 
for the same as many .thousands. "What a 
shame it is that this, the best mineral section 
in America, should receive so little attention 

The Moneyed Men of San Francisco. 

I will guarantee to any man who will think it 
worth his while to take me up, that he shall re- 
ceive $50 for every time he sinks a hole in the 
ground to a depth of 10 ft. anywhere (in a lime- 
stone formation) within the boundaries of Eu- 
reka mining district, and fail to find rock that, 
upon being assayed, will not be shown to con- 
tain silver or gold. We have a magnificent field 
for legitimate and profitable mining operations, 
but are greatly in need of the capital required 
for development purposes. It must, however, 
come to us in time. The camp is in its infancy, 
and we have good inducements to offer. On 
Silverado mountain the Berryman Bros, are 
daily expecting to strike ore again — this time in 
a vertical winze, now down 45 ft. below the 
Diagonal tunnel level. 

From the Silver Nugget nine tons of middle- 
class ore have been shipped to the Richmond fur- 
nace for reduetion that assayed $70 per ton 
in silver, and carried 40% of lead. It also con- 
tains silica in such quantities as to make it a 
very desirable ore for smelting purposes. 

Yours truly, M. H. Joseph. 

"Wooden Water Pipe. 

One of the best improvements for the good of 
the city of Ogden is that of the water works, 
inaugurated in 1881, and continued during 1882. 
A company, of which the city is part owner, 
operates the works. Water is taken from the 
Ogden river at an elevation of nearly 600 ft. 
above the city, and by means of pipes is con- 
veyed to reservoirs on the bench back of the 
city. From the reservoirs pipes convey the wa- 
ter to various portions of the city and into resi- 
dences. In the lower part of the city there is a 
pressure of 175 ft., ample for extinguishing fires 
by means of hose. The name of the incopora- 
tion is Ogden Water Company, E. H. Orth 
President and Joseph Stanford Secretary and 
Treasurer. The company have in use 12 miles of 
pipe in the mains, besides a large amount of 
service pipe, 34 city hydrants, 5 public drink- 
ing fountains, 2 public horse troughs, and over 
200 subscribers using hydrants in residences and 
places of business. The pressure at the hydrants 
ranges from 75 to 100 lbs. A patent wooden 
pipe, wrapped spirally with iron bands, is used, 
so far giving good satisfaction. The works have 
cost about $75,000, and the present revenue is 
about $10,000 per annum. The expense of oper- 
ating is merely nominal. Only a little attention 
to prevent any clogging at the fountain head 
and occasionally slight repairs are needed. Be- 
sides Ogden river as a source of supply, the 
company holds water rights in Strong's canyon. 

The above is taken from the Salt Lake 
Tribune, and we refer to it at this time to show 
the practical working of the improved wooden 
pipe patented by Honton some years since, and 
of which we gave an extended notice at that 

Sonora News. — Mr. G. H. Sharp, an old 
resident of Tombstone, returned from Sonora 
Saturday, having been absent some months. 
He left Hermosillo only a few days since, which 
place he reports improving. There are a good 
many Americans there, who add to the "push" 
of the place, if such a term is applicable to a 
country where everything is done many ana (to- 
morrow). He says the Santa Maria property 
looks better than it did one year ago. They 
are doing a good deal of work, and have some 
ore. About one-half the machinery and lumber 
for their 60-stamp mill is onthge round, and the 
remainder in Hermosillo. The San Augustine 
(Shugart's) mine is turning out well, and he 
talks of enlarging his mill to keep pace with the 
production of ore. The ore continues rich. At 
the Las Delicias mine great developments have 
been made. They have opened the property in 
three places, all of which show an abundance of 
good ore. They have contracted for a 60-stamp 
mill and large hoisting works. Mr. E. E. Olcott, 
the superintendent, has returned from Boston, 
and is again at the helm. Crops along the So- 
nora river are up and looking well, and there is 
an air of greater prosperity than for a long time 
heretofore. — Tombstone Epi'apk, 

The Bodie Miner's Union has elected the fol- 
lowing officials for the ensuing term of six 
months : President, Watkin Morgan; Vice- 
President, Harry Keenan; Recording Secretary, 
John F. McDonell (re-elected); Financial Secre- 
tary, A. E. McMillan (re-elected); Treasurer, 
John Lawler (re-elected); Conductor, Hum- 
phrey Desmond (re elected); Warden, John T. 
Read (re-elected); Finance Committee: Morris 
O'Connor, Roderick McDonald and John S. 
Long; Board of Trustees: M. Cullinan, S. P. 
Gallen (re-elected), John Prior (re-elected), 
Frank Bowden and D. E. Leahy. 

Mrs. Mary Douglas has located a ledge 
known as the Buffalo claim, bounded south by 
the Empire mine, in Calaveras county. 

Mining Laws. 

Cutting Timber on Mining Claims. 

The following letter to the Prescott (Arizona) 
Courier, from C. Y. Shelton, will be of interest 
to all miners : 

It seems that in most large mming camps, 
and sometimes small ones, there are usually one 
or more persons who, in their judgment, know 
more law than others, and contend that if more 
than one lode exists in a mining location that 
outside parties have a right to go on, or enter, 
locate and hold one of the lodes; or, that they 
have the right to cut timber off it; or, that they 
have a right to build and reside on it; or, that 
they have a right to placer mine on it: — all of 
which, if not intentionally, is calculated in its 
nature to create disturbance; or, that this or 
that man has not done his assessments; or, that 
he can't hold this, that or the other. Of course, 
all or most miners who want to know are ac- 
quainted with that particular section headed 
"Locators' Rights of Possession andEnjoyment," 
which gives them "the exclusive right of pos- 
session and enjoyment of all the surface 
included within the lines of their location, and 
of all veins, lodes and ledges throughout their 
entire depth, the top or apex of which lies in- 
side of such surface lines, extended downward, 
vertically, although such veins, lodes or lecrges 
may so far depart from a perpendicular in their 
course downward as to extend outside the verti- 
cal side lines of such surface locations. But 
their right of possession to such outside parts 
of such veins or ledges shall be confined to such 
portions thereof as lie between vertical planes 
drawn downward, as above described, through 
the end lines of their location, so continued in 
their own direction that such planes will inter- 
sect such exterior parts of such veins or ledges. 
And nothing in this section shall authorize the 
locator or possessor of a vein or lode which ex- 
tends in its downward course beyond the verti- 
cal lines of his claim to enter upon the surface 
of a claim owned or possessed by another." 

And the following decisions are just received 
from Washington: 

Department of the Interior, 
General Land Office, 
Washington, D. C, Dec. 9, 18S2. 

C. Y. Shelton, Esq., Walker, A. T.~ Sir':— I 
am in receipt of your letter without date, in 
which you state that all the mining claims in 
your vicinity are 1,500 ft. in length and 600 ft. 
in width, and a large number of them contain 
more than one vein; that it is rumored that in- 
formation has been received from Washington 
that the original locators could only hold one 
vein or lode within the boundaries of their re- 
spective claims, and that outside parties could 
go upon such claims, locate and hold one of the 
veins. You ask if this is true, and whether 
outside parties have a right to enter upon claims 
properly located and cut timber therefrom, for 
building or other purposes, or reside thereon, 
or work the same for the placer mineral. 

In reply I have to state, by the Act of July 
9, 1865, the miner could only acquire and hold 
one lode or vein within the limits of his surface 
location; but the act of May 10, 1872, gave 
the locator of a lode claim additional rights; it 
granted to him a specific quantity of surface 
ground, the lode located and all other veins or 
lodes the apices of which lie within the surface 
lines of his location. Such veins are not sub- 
ject to location or relocation so long as the orig- 
inal locator complies with the law; nor would 
a stranger l:e authorized to reside upon the 
claim, or cut timber standing thereon, without 
the consent of the owner; and any forcible at- 
tempt to do so would be a trespass. The own- 
er's remedy would be in the local courts. See 
letter of Secretary of Interior to this office,, 
under date of Sept. 30, 1882. (Washington 
Law Reporter, p. 636. ) The locator of a lode 
claim acquires the right to all surface ground 
embraced within the exterior boundaries of his. 
location, not previously reserved or appropria- 
ted, and the discovery of placer mineral there- 
on would not authorize an outside party to go 
upon the claim for the purpose of mining there- 
on. Very respectfully, 

N. C. McFarland, Commissioner. 
Now, some seem to think that the woods are 
free, and that they have a right to cut timber, 
reside, or placer mine where they please; defy 
law and man; take a part of that which belongs 
to others, or influence some one in that way, 
simply because they begrudge the law-abiding 
citizens their property. Such law violators are 
no acquisition to a mining community, and 
should look more to their reputation or apply 
for walking papers. 

The Mines of Chihuahua. — The Chihuahua 
Mail says: That an error exists hi presuming 
that the silver, gold and copper mines which 
supplied the rich ores, the slag of which is all 
along the Chihuahua river for miles, arefaraway 
from this city, we know to be true. It is esti- 
mated that there are two and a half to three 
million tons of this slag. We cannot, perhaps, 
see overtwentyper cent, of it. Floods and dust 
have carried much of it away or hidden it from 
sight. We verily believe and have our reasons 
for believing that the oldest and best mines of 
all this Republic are within a radius of thirty 
miles of this State capital and many of the best 
within twelve miles of the city, and that hun- 
dreds of bonanza veins will be claimed and de- 
veloped in the next six months on this ground. 

Before the end of January Vanderbilt starts 
for California with his sons and daughters and 
then- wives and husbands. It will be purely a 
pleasure trip. 

January 27, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press.! 


II]EGHy\Nicy\L Progress. 

Judging by the Fracture. 

Whenever a tine of ahaJting break*, a boiler 

i or a rod or link maw, an examination 

of the fractun ol the iron i 

The inferencea drawn lamination are 

•ometimea irery nnfsir to the maker, at other 

the consumer, although the examiner 

himself wonld do no injnstioe to either. These 

nnjual concluaiona m;iy frequently be 

to the prevalence of crnd< noerning 

the appearance which the fracture abonld pro- 

sent. M.HI) suppose that it it it not fibrous, 

but crystalline, then the metal was unfit for 

i they charge the foreman or engineer 

with ha' ted it to injurious and on- 

. ■■■.■.' . ■■ ■ 

the tun tdent; or they ohi 

maker with having Furnished metal of so poor a 
quality that it waa unable to withstand custom- 

it and tear. These chai . 
they injuriously affect professiona] character, 
and they should l» made w ith extreme caution, 
for the condition under which iron may assume 
and maintain a fibrous or a crystalline 

matters ol profound scientific inquiry. 

For a long time thej h ged the attention 

of the beat engineers! who, recognizing the dif- 

Uivofved in tli- 1 question, have been 

utter positive convictions. 

I ippearances of rractures being due to the 

as assumed' bj the molecules of iron at 
the places. When the metal is Quid any change 
in their position may be accounted for. Thus, 

pouring molten metal into a mold, that 
which chills rapidly wUl h hen broken exhibit a 
different fracture from the rest, It will t*c 

Line and Lustrous, indicating hardness 
and brittleness; while parts of the same casting 
which cooled bIov 1> will exhibit a dull granular 
fracture, and be found comparatively soft and 
Here the fluidity of the mass readily 
■ i ite mol< cules bo bo arrange themselves 
under the varied conditions of temperature as 
to imparl to it the different qualities, 

w hen the iron of which a t shafting, boiler 

plate, rods or links are made Leaves the fashion- 
ing it is of uniform quality. It remains solid 
while in use, and any molecular changes must 
tided with difficulty, and be produced 
only by powerful external agencies. The 
opinion that the Bevere cold of our winters 
fli:uiLfc.s fibrous iron into crystalline, although 
generally entertained outside the profession, is 
received by engineers with many grains of al- 
lowance, and some of the best of them reject it 
altogether. Indeed, they have great reason to 
doubt whether iron, as it comes from the rolls 
or the hammer in the form of bar, plate or rod, 
has a fibrous structure. Take the rod to the 
draw bench, and draw it into wire in the usual 
way. Sou impart to it a fibrous structure; and 
so do all machines for testing tensile strain. 
The test pieces when drawn asunder exhibit fi- 
brous structure, and this is assumed to show 
that they possessed such structure before they 
were subjected to the strain; butitprovesnotbing 
of the kind. As in wire-drawing the tendency 
of the operation is to cause the molecules to 
take the form of fiber; but had another method 
of rupture been employed the same pieces 
would have appeared crystalline, and by the 
popular standard been adjudged inferior. Nick 
them round, as is frequently done in the rolling 
mill, and, laying them flat between two sup 
ports, subject them to the force of a falling 
weight. They will break squarely off, and not a 
trace of fiber can be detected in the fracture. 
Had the same bars been tested in another fa- 
miliar way, by making a nick on one side only, 
and then with a hammer bending them until 
they broke, the fracture would have been fi- 
brous, the bending being so far a wire-drawing 
process as to arrange the molecules in fine lines. 
Whether the fracture be fibrous or not depends 
upon how the rupture came about, and to con- 
demn iron because its fracture is crystalline, 
without taking into account the method of 
rupture, is most reprehensible. In thus point- 
ing out the untrustworthiness of the fracture 
test we do not leave the questions involved 
without other and exact means of settlement. 
Poor iron is so because it is impure. One per 
cent, of carbon, silicon, sulphur or phosphorus 
.seriously impairs the quality of iron, and the 
presence or absence of those elements can be as- 
certained with the greatest nicety by means of 
chemical analysis. — Dr. A.S. Kennedy. 

Iron Rust as a Cement. 

Most mechanics in iron have tested the co- 
hesiveness of iron rust as a cement in the use of 
the ordinary joint packing made from iron fil- 
ings or drillings, sal-ammoniac and sulphur, com- 
bined with water. The salt and sulphur are 
simply agents to rapidly and thoroughly oxidize 
the iron, which becomes, in its oxidized state, a 
cement. The effectiveness of iron rust as a 
cement is not confined to its action between iron 
surfaces; it is seen in the red sandstones, which 
consist simply of wand held in mass by iron rust, 
that gives it, also, its reddish hue, and in the 
common red bricks, which derive much of their 
cohesiveness, as well as their color, from the 
iron they contain. 1 h ; process of the forma- 
tion of red sandstone cm be seen by the careful 
observer on some of our New England beaches, 
where this kind of rock prevails in the cliffs and 
the beach shingle. The slight winrows of sand 
thrown up by the ii:e.*easmg waves in some high 
tide may be found gradually hardening into 
stone under the combined action of sea, water 

and air; and fragments may be picked up in all 
-in the crumbling sand, tin- oohemveness 
of which will not bear its own unsupported 
weight, to the hardened shingle, which Lfl --- n 
tially rock. And vet toll sandstone, when quar- 
ried many miles from the sea, from beds that 
must have been deposttod many centuries ago, 

h water that It must be s<a-"iud 

like wood before it is ready for building use. 
And this water is probably salt, for its effect on 
iron broughl in contact with it is essentially the 
■sane as that of salt water on Iron under any 
other circumstances. 

A notable instance came under the writer's 

observation several years ago. a balustrade of 
iron ban, or balustere, seated in red sandstone, 
was taken down, and that portion ol the iron 
that was removed from the stone was either q 
fibrous powder or a few strings of iron. In 
this instance the gradual disintegration of the 
iron by rust had been going on for more than 40 
years, but it had been going On, The imbedding 
of the iron into tile -"lid stone, protecting it from 
the weather, could not protect it from the moist- 
on probably salt moiBture— in the stone. All 
oi this disintegration could not be attributable 
bo the absorption of moisture by the stone, as a 
portion ol this balustrade was entirety within an 
inclosed building. If sulphur imparts activity 
to the process of oxidation of iron, when used 
aa a component of the ordinary "rust cement," it 
is evident it is wholly unfit as a tilling to seat 
iron into stone, especially into red sandstone. 
Lead is, perhaps, as safe as any material, as, 
while it will not be attacked by moisture to any 
appreciable extent, it will defend the iron from 

In witnessing the operation of removing a 
heavy iron fence recently, which it was desira- 
ble to preserve for re-erection, it was noticed 
that, while the palings could be easily removed 
from their leaded seats in the stone base, it was 
necessary to start them from their connection 
with the horizontal liars, or rails, by sharp and 
repeated blows of a hammer. The cross section 
of the palings was a right-angled cross, or an X, 
and their bearing against the corresponding 
holes in the rails was, as carried around the out- 
side, about four inches, by three-quarters of an 
inch in depth, or thickness of rail, making an 
area of bearing between the two surfaces of 
about three inches. Yet this comparatively 
slight area, as compared with the much larger 
area in the stone, offered a much greater resist- 
ance, showing the cohesive force of simple oxide 
of iron. — Cotton, Wool and Iron. 


Shop Practice. 

I well remember my first visit to a machine 
shop, and how I was impressed with the slow- 
ness of the work in process — the slow revolving 
of the shaft or pulley in the lathe, with no per- 
ceptible forward movement of the tool; the slow 
dragging of the planer bed, with a faint show of 
hurry on the back motion. This, doubtless, is 
a common impression, made on all who see such 
work for the first time. Having watched the 
lathe and the planer so long, it would seem that 
this apparent slowness would he less noticeable, 
but still I see it. Once in a while the brisk 
movement of five or six feet a second attracts at- 
tention, and I instinctively look to see if the 
tool stands the speed, and drop a word in recog- 
nition of the get-up of the man in charge. The 
other extreme of speed is more frequently met, 
and sometimes it is necessary to use a magnify- 
ing glass to see if things are really moving. 

It is often annoying to notice this disregard of 
time on the part of the workmen, and yet I feel 
a degree of sympathy that prompts a word of 
apology. There is no doubt but that this ever- 
lasting slowness has become a part of the machin- 
ist's education. 

He has come to fear nothing as much as the 
possibility of dulling a tool, seeming to feel 
much as one does when at work in the country, 
with the last sound chisel, and a mile or more 
from a grindstone. He actually seems to think 
that it is a part of his business to be slow. 

Just to make the contrast striking, go into a 
brass shop ami notice the way the lathe hand 
handles his calipers, scraper or burnisher, and 
see how he jerks the shifter from side to side; 
or, into one of our modern cooper shops, and see 
the man or boy put on truss-hoops, or paint bar- 
rels at the rate of two a minute. Then go back 
to the machine shop and see the sleepy lathe 
hand enjoying a good loafing job, with the slow- 
est feed and speed on that he dares to adopt. 
Or, another setting his calipers the fourteenth 
time to know if ho dare to try the thing to see if 
it will fit. 

There are some exceptions to this class of close 
workmen, and a few who look for the shortest 
way round, and really seem to try to see how 
much work their lathe or planer will do, in 
place of how little. 

It would be well if master machinists would 
have an active eye to the active men, and en- 
courage their efforts, at least by recognition if 
not by advanced pay, which would be the strong- 
est incentive to an emulation of their example 
on the part of others. 

I was once acquainted with a lathe hand who 
knew how 7 to use hand tools. He was naturally 
kept at the ornamental turning of irregular 
shapes, and could turn out three times as much 
of it as anyone I ever knew, notwithstanding he 
spent much of his time at a grindstone; in fact, 
he had one of these useful articles placed very 
near his lathe. 

I hope none of my brother "chips" will take 
offense at anything I have said. I would have 
him know his is not the only slow trade in the 
world. — Cor. of American Machinist. 

Practical Application of the Lenkoscope. 

In a recent issue oi Onghuering t London, we 
find an account of a number ol experiments 
by l>r. Ko-nig on the quality of different kinds 
of light by means of the [endoscope, an instru- 
ment of his invention. It consists of a rhom- 
boid of cah-.spar, a quartz plate and a Niool'fl 
prism, When a ray of light enters the spar it 
is split into two rays, polarized at right angles. 
These traverse the quartz and Nicol. When 
analysed tiny show two spectra of absorption 
bands, and the peculiarity is that, where the 
band-, occur in one, the other spectrum is of 
pristine brightness, so that the two spectra 
overlaid give a continuous spectrum. The num- 
ber of bauds is increased by increasing the 
thickness of quart/, and they can bo shifted by 
rotating the Nicol. It is possible, therefore, by 
rotating the Nicol to make the colors in each 
spectrum produce white light together. When 
Ouffarent kinds of light are examined by the in- 
strument, different amounts of rotation of the 
Nicol are required to bring the two spectra into 
conformity, and the angles of rotation 
arc a gauge of the color-quality of the 
light examined. According to the results 
eommunicated to the Physical Society of Berlin" 
Dr. Ivciiig finds that the angle for stearin can- 
dles is 71.20°; for gaslight, 71. 5° j for electric arc 
light, 79 ; for magnesium light, 8u", and for 
-sunlight, 90.5'. For burning phosphorus and 
the Drummond limelight the angles were be- 
tween gas and the electric light. It thus ap- 
pears that the magnesium light more closely re- 
sembles sunlight than that of the electric arc, a 
result confirmed by the fact that the aniline 
dyes, hardly distinguishable by gaslight, can all 
b3 distinguished by the arc light, except a few 
"bronzes," and even these are clearly distin- 
guishable by magnesium, as by sunlight. Dr. 
ivcenig has also tested Swan and Kdison incan- 
descence lamps, and finds that the luminosity 
increases at first in a much greater rate than 
the current increases. Doubling the strength 
of current very largely increases the luminosity. 
The highest angle reached was 78°, or very 
nearly that for the are lamp. These researches 
of Dr. Kceuig are of considerable interest, more 
especially as so little has been done in this di- 

Bisulphide or Carbon Lenses—Proportions 

of Lenses. — We say in reply to a correspondent 
that we do not know of any telescopes with bi- 
sulphide of carbon correcting lenses having been 
made of late years. They were never a success. 
It requires the grinding and polishing of four 
surfaces for the correcting lens, and as there are 
no formulas, to our knowledge, for the bisul- 
phide, you will have to make an experimental 
trial. For your front glass you may make the 
curves one to six or nearly a plano-convex flat 
side next the eye, the radius of shortest curve 
about six times the diameter of the lens. For 
the correcting lens the diameter should not be 
less than one-third the diameter of the front 
lens. Its general form should be plano-concave; 
and as the dispersive power of bisulphide is 
more than three times as great as crown glass, 
its refractive power being about 50% greater, 
you may make the side next the object glass 
plane, and the side next the eye convex 
on the inner side and plane next to the eye, if 
convenient to do so. This will require only one 
curve to be altered for final correction. To 
start, make this cure the radius of the first sur- 
face of the front lens, and place the lens about 
one- third the focal length of the object glass from 
the eye. 

Gum Arabic in Certain Chemical Reac- 
tions, — Jules Lefort and P. Thibault find that 
in dilute solutions gum hinders the precipita- 
tion of metallic sulphides. In concentrated so- 
lutions, or when the proportion of gum is small, 
there is a precipitation more or less incomplete. 
The precipitation of the metallic oxides is also 
prevented whilst in the presence of gum, qui- 
nine, cinchonine, morphine, strychnine, brucine 
and veratrine are not precipitated by the usual 
reagents, ammonium phospho molybdate, potas- 
sium mercury iodide and tannin. Thegumdoesnot 
dissolve the various precipitates formed or pre- 
vent their formation, but merely holds them in 
suspension. These results have a certain physio- 
logical importance. Most inorganic fluids con- 
tain glutinous bodies, and it is hence possible to 
understand the simultaneous presence in a solu- 
ble state in the animal and vegetable cellules of 
compounds capable of acting chemically upon 
each other. In analytical operations gum and 
analogous bodies must be removed before certain 
determinati ons can be effected. 

Poteline. — M. Potel recently submitted to 
the French Society of Encouragement a new 
substance, named after himself, "Poteline," and 
which appears to be susceptible of numerous ap- 
plications. It is said to be a mixture of gela- 
tine, glycerine and tannin, and is, according to 
the inventor, absolutely impermeable to the air. 
When warmeii it becomes liquid, or nearly so, 
and may readily be worked into different 
shapes. M. Potel is reported to have made 
corks of it which form an economical substitute 
for metallic capsules, securing a hermetic clos- 
ing, and to have used it as a coating to preserve 
meat. At a temperature of 112° it becomes al- 
most liquid, and when applied to meat will, it 
is claimed, kill the germs of putrefaction and 
prevent the entrance of new germs. According 
to the inventor, meat thus treated will retain all 
its freshness for a considerable length of time. 

Cheapened Aluminum. 

The improved process of producing the metal 
aluminum, recently reported from England, does 
ipen the product anywhere near enough 
to bring the metal into serious competition with 
iron. Thr inventor, Mr. James Webster, of 
Hollywood, near Birmingham, Eng., claims, 
however, to have found away to solder and 

weld the metal. If this claim is true, and the 

methods are practicable, the improvement is 

likely to greatly extend the usefulness of the 
''coming" metal. 

Mr. Webster's process of reducing th tal 

is described aa follow b: 

A given quantity of alum and pitch, which 
are first finely ground, are mixed together ami 
placed in a calcining furnace, by which means 
US per cent, of water is driven out, leaving the 
Sulphur, potash and alumina with oxide of iron. 
The calcined mixture is then put into vertical 
retorts, and steam ami air an forced through, 
which leaves a residue of potash and alumina 
only. This residue is afterwards placed in a 
vat filled with warm water, which is I 
with steam. The potash is thus leached out, 
and the alumina left as a deposit The potash 
liquor is then run off, boiled down, while the 
alumina precipitate is collected in sacks and 
dried. It is then ready for making chloride of 
aluminum. The alumina deposit thus obtained 
contains about 84 per cent, of pure alumina, 
while that which is obtained by the old prOCGBG 
of precipitation has only i!."> per cent. Mr. 
Jones, the Wolverhampton borough analyst, 
certifies that the constituents of Mr. Webster's 
alumina deposit are as follows: Alumina, 
84.10; sulphate of zinc, '2. OS; silica, 7.40; water. 
4.20; alkaline salts, 1,62. In order to complete 
the process and convert it into aluminum, the 
chloride of aluminum is treated with sodium, 
in order to withdraw the metal. Aluminum is 
afterward alloyed with copper, silver, and other 
metals. It is used for the manufacture of bis- 
muth bronze, aluminum bronze, or any other 

A Curious Phenomenon. — The Virginia 
EhUerpriee gives the following particulars in 
regard to a tunnel that resents being a tunnel, 
and insists upon being just the opposite. Its 
location is Castle district, at a point about 
five miles north of Virginia City. It was run 
about four years ago into the side of a steep 
hill, and was originally about 40 ft. in length. 
When in about lo ft., the tunnel cut into a soft, 
swelling clay, very difficult to manage. After 
timbering and striving against the queer, 
spongy material till it had been penetrated 
some 25 ft., the miners gave up the fight, 
as they found that it was a losing "game. 
Being left to its own devices, the tunnel pro) 
ceeded to repair damages. It is very plainly 
shown that it resented the whole business, as its 
first move was to push out all the timbers and 
dump them down the hill. It did not stop at 
that, but projected from the mouth of the tunnel 
a pith or stopper of clay the full size of the ex- 
cavation. This came out horizontally some 
eight feet as though to look about and see what 
had become of the miners, when it broke off and 
rolled down the slope. In this way it has been 
going on until there are some hundreds of tons 
of the clay at the foot of the hill. At first it re- 
quired only about a week for a plug to come out 
and break off, then a month, and so on till now 
the masses are ejected but three or four times 
per year, yet the motion continues, and to-day 
the tunnel has the better of the tight about four 

Soap Manufacture. — H. Heckel has ob- 
tained a German patent for the manufacture of 
soap without loss of glycerine. The practice 
at present is to saponify the fats with alkalines 
without any previous treatment of the grease, 
for the purpose of decomposing it. The result 
is a slow saponification, and all the glycerine 
that does not remain mechanically suspended in 
the soap is carried away in the alkaline solution 
and lost. The design of Heckel is to prepare 
the fats for instantaneous saponification and 
economize all the glycerine. The glycerine is 
first extracted from the fat in its neutral condi- 
tion, by the direct action of steam and water 
under a pressure of 7o kilos. The whole pro- 
cess of soap making is abridged by the system, 
and it is claimed that the soap itself is supe- 
rior. A digester with diaphragm and rotary 
pump form the special apparatus. 

A late number of the Idaho Statesman says : 
"The activity of volcanic action in the Snake 
river lava beds, near the line of the Oregon Short 
Line railroad, is driving many of the graders 
from the work. In an area of about 22 square 
miles, at short distances apart, smoke and flames 
of a peculiar odor, color and shape issue from 
the chasms and seams in the lava. The irri- 
tating sulphurous vapors in themselves cause 
many to quit work, while the unusual agitation 
of the boiling springs and the general commo- 
tion all over the fields of lava has caused a su- 
perstitious fear to take hold of many of the 
railroad hands, and they are leaving the section 
terror stricken. The whole area has the appear- 
ance from a distance of being on fire." 

A new kind of alum, under the name of 
double alum, has been introduced in the Ger- 
man trade. It is a transparent sulphate of 
alumina, but has a larger proportion of the lat- 
ter than usual, and is free from iron and acids. 
For many industrial purposes, such as the prepa- 
ation of paper, etc., it will, it is claimed, pre- 
sent some advantages. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 27, 1883 

Table of Highest and Lowest Sales in 
S. F. Stock Exchange. 

Name of 


I Weeu i Weefc i Week 
Ending Ending Ending 

.inn 4. Jan 11. Jan IS. 










Bast* Balchar 

B illion 



B )die 



]; i-ii'u 

B ack H»wk 

Bodie Tuuuel 







Cm Imperial 

Con Virginia 

Crown Point 




Con Pacific 


Day. .■--:■•; 

E, Mt. Diablo 

Eureka Con 

Eureka Tunnel 



G.-ani Prue 

Golden Gate 


Gould & Curry 

H vie & Norcro33. . . . 

Head Center 








Kossuth ■•■ 

Lady Bryan 

Lady Wash 




Martin White 




Mt. Diablo 

Mt. Potosi 


New York 

Northern Belle.... 

North Noonday... - 


North Btlle Isle... 



Original Keystone. 






Queen Bee 

South Bulwor 


9eg Belcher 

Sierra Nevada 

Silver Hill 

Silver King 




Solid Silver 


South Nevada 


Tioga Con 



TTnion Con 




Yellow Jacket 

2.85 1.65 
35o 30c 

l.OOJ 60c 


6ic 70c 
2.03 1.85 




1.3: i'.kh 

65c 70o 
I ■•'■ 




2 ."35 



10 10£ 

70 c 75c 

2.70 2.95 2.05 

Jan 24. 


3 30 



9 10 

"% "h 
60c 70c 

... 1.15 

.40 1 


-30 1:4" 
.10 3.2' 

75c 8! 
i!i6 3.! 

io| i( 

!.r.O 2.85 
MO 2.15 






Sales at San Francisco Stock Exchange. 

Thursday A. M., Jan. 24 

50 Alpha 80c 

200 Alta 15c 

100 Andes 45r 

950 Albion 75(&S0c 

950 Argenta 60@65ci 250 Belle Isle 

E75 Bodie 80c: 400 Bodie 

190 Yellow Jacket 1 


150 Argenta 60(3f 5c 

1200 Albion 75@8r c 

250 Alta 15c 


200 Belle Isle 90c! 400 Day 40c 

560 B& Belcher... 3. 20@3. 25; 4)0 Gra^d Prize 70c 

1000 Con Imperial 5c 210 Gould & Curry 1.45 

380 Chollar 1.20il7('5 Chollar li«31.55 

1703 Grand Prize 70(«75c' 210 Crown Point 95e 

""1 Gould & Curry l.STOStt Hale & Nor. . . .t.40@l .65 

1500 Hale&Nor... .1.10(91.15 
25 Independence 65c 

40 Kentucfe 1.50 

41 MWhite 2.80@3 

310 Mexican 2.25@2.30 

100 Navajo 8.75 

100 Northern Belle 9.50 

50 Oro 10c 

520 Ophir 1.11 

350 Potosi 1.25^1.30 

1250 Savage 75@30c 

115 Sierra Nevada. 2. 70^2. 75 

90 Utah 2 

370 Holmes 40c 

500 Independence ...7Cc 

60 MWhite 29 

HO Navajo 

1000 Potosi 1.40@lj 

150 ftxehequer 20c 

40 Northern Belle 10 

200 San Pedro 40c 

1650 Con Virginia 51c 

5190 Savage 1.10@1.25 

440 Oohir 1 ,15@1 .20 

250 Union 2.35 

500 SNevada 2. 1 

300 Union.,,, ..'... '.2.16(42 201 50 Yellow Jacket.'.'.'.'. .'..1. 

Bullion Shipments 

We quote shipments since our last, and shall 
l)C pleased to receive further reports : 

Navajo, Jan. 15th, §16,000; Standard, 15th 
$25,572; Northern Belle, 15th, $10,291; Christy 
Kith, $2,050; Northern Belle, 18th, $7,654 
Navajo, 22d; $16,000; Star, 20th, $1,700; Bodie 
Innnel, 22d, $2,300; Bodie, 22d, $5,558; Horn 
Silver, 16th, s] 5,000; Park City, 16th, $2,450; 
Hanauer, liiili, SI, 750; Horn Silver, 17th, $16, 
000; Hanauer, 17th, $3,900; Crescent, 17th, 
$1,590; Nevada, 17th, $2,500; Martin White. 
23d, $4,000; Contention Con., 20th, $16,769. 
The shipment of metals from Salt Lake for the 
year ending January 13th comprised 37 cars of 
bullion, 949,029 lbs.; six cars refined lead, 144,- 
5S2 ihs., and two cars copper matte, 41,230 lbs., 
making a grand total of 45 cars, aggregating 
1,134,841 lbs. 

Tin; search in the ruins of the Newhall House 
is finished. Two more of the charred bodies 
were found Saturday, making 48; stilljnissing 
l ; _a total loss of 75. 


CoswiHl) Evert Tjicrsdat From Advertisements in Mining and Scientific Presb and Ctdbr S. P. Jodrnals. 


Albion Cod M Co 
Alpha Hy Grav M Co 
Argenta M Co 
A'tiH M Co 
Bechtel Cod M Co 
Benton Con M Co 
Calavpras M Co 
Con Imperial M Co 
Gould & Curry S M Co 
Grand Prize M Co 
Grand View Con M Co 
Hale & Norcross S M Co 
Noonday M Co 
N Noonday M Co 
N Gould & Curry S M Co 
i ipbir S M Co 
Oro M Co 
Scorpiou M. Co 
Sierra Nevada S M Co 
Utah S M Co 
Union Coo S M Co 

Location. No 

Nevada 12 

_ California 4 

Nevada It 

Nevada 24 

California 10 
Nevada 9 

California 11 
Nevada 18 
Nevada 44 
Nevada 12 

California 1 
Nevada 76 

California 7 

California 7 
Nevada 4 
Nevada 43 

Ca'ifornia 13 
Nevada 14 
Ntvada 75 

Amt. Lbvtbd. Dblinq. 1 

1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

Nevada 21 

Jan 10 
Jan 8 
Jan 13 
Jan 4 
Jan 17 
Jan 18 
Jan 23 
Jan 3 
Jan 10 
Jan 11 
Dec 16 
Jan 10 
Dec 2 
Dec 2 
Dec 11 
Dec 27 
Nov 11 
Jan 5 
Dec 8 
Dec 7 

Feb 13 
Feb 15 
Feb 19 
Feb 8 
Feb 21 
Feb 21 
Feb 24 
Feb 8 
Feb 15 
Feb 12 
Feb 14 
Feb 14 
Jan 10 
Jan 12 
Jan 31 
Jan 19 
Feb 8 
Jan 11 
Jan IS 
Feb 15 

'NT. Sale. 

Mar 5 
Mar 7 
Mar 12 
Feb 27 
Mar 13 
Mar 13 
Mar 21 
Mar 1 
Mar 8 
Mar 5 
Mar 14 
Mar 7 
Feb 7 
Feb 5 
Feb 2 
Feb 20 
Feb 10 
Mar 1 
Jan 30 
Feb 5 
Mar- 5 


D "B Cbiahobn 
J Ireland 
E M Hall 
W H Watson 
G W Sessions 
W H Watson 
A B Paul 
W E Dean 
A K Durbrow 
U M. Hall 
W H Pen Held 
J F Lightner 
W J Taylor 
W J Taylor 
C H Ma=on, 
C L McCoy 
W Stuart 
G K Spinney 
E L Parker, 
G C Pratt. 
J M Burlington 

Place of Business 

327 Pine s!i 
216 San some st 

327 Pine st 
302 Montgomeiy st 
309 Montgomery st 

302 Montgomery at 
?28 Montgomery st 

308 Montgomery st 

303 Montgomery st 

327 Pine Bt 
106 Leidesdorff st 

309 Montgomery st 

310 Pine st 

310 Pine et 

331 Montfaotne'y at 

309 Montgomery st 

320 Sao some s^ 

310 Pine s t 

309 Montgomery B fc 

309 Montgomery e t 

:;.'.' California s.. 


Atlantic Con M Co 
Baker Divide M Co 
Commonwealth Cou M Co 
Con Amador M Co 
Eintracht Gravel M Co 
Esta Euenft O on S M Co 
Excelsior W & M Co 
Fair Villa M Co 
Horseshoe M Co 
H arriogton M Co 
Mono LukeHM Co 
New Coso M Co 
Oro M & M Co 
Red Cloud Con M Co 
Red Hill H M & W Co 
Young America South M Co 

Nevada 5 

California 7 

Nevada 5 

California 4 

California 11 

Nevada 7 

Ca'iVrnii 4 

Arizona 3 

Arizona 3 

California 4 

California 1 

California 15 

Arizona 2 

California 11 

California 7 

Nevada 1 

05 Dec 21 
20 Jan 22 
25 Jan 12 
51 Dec 21 
05 Dec 12 
1 00 Nov 3 
1 00 Pec 23 
Dec 11 
Dec 27 
Dec 6 
Nov 16 
Dec 13 
Dec 28 
Dec 2 
Dec 5 
Dec 26 

2 00 

Feb 26 
Feb 16 
Jan 26 
Jan 11 
Jan 29 
Feb 16 
Feb 2 
Jan 9 
Jan "6 
Jan 19 
Feb 3 
Jan 10 
Jan 6 
Jan 30 

Feb 19 
Mar 17 
Mar 8 
Feb 10 
Feb 7 
Feb 10 
Feb 14 
Mar 7 
Feb 23 
Jan 31 
Feb 10 
Feb 7 
Feb 27 
Feb 5 
Jan 31 
Feb 20 

D Wilder 
D M Kent 
P F Marhhardt 
F B Latham 
H Kunz 
R N Brooks 
W J Stewart 
J H Sayre 
J H Sayre 
O C Miller 
J Elbert 
D B Cbisliohu 
J L Fields 
W J Taylor 
E Heatres 
E M Hall 

Namb op Company. 
Con Amador MO") 
Father De Smet Con M Co 
Gen Jackson M Co 
Oro M Co 

Sulphur Bank Q M Co 
Wide Awake Pros & M Co 


joation. Secretary/. 



F B Latham 
H Dea^ 
R W Heath 
W Stuart 
L Hermann 

Arizona C Hildebrandt 


Officb in S. F. Mebttno. 

31U Pinest Annual 

309 Montgomery st Annual 

318 Pine et Annual 

320 Sanaome at Spe-ial 

220 Sanaome st Annual 

cor Bush & Kearny st Annual 

328 Montgomery st 

330 Pine st 

311 Montgomery at 

310 Pine fit 

209 Saneome st 

509 Sacramento it 

215 Sanaome st 

330 Pine st 

330 Pine st 

409 California st 

331 Montgomery ft 

327 Pine at 

309 Montgomery st 

310 Pine st 

328 Monteomery st 

327 Pine st 


Feb 5 
Feb 8 
Feb 5 
Feb 14 


Namb op Company. 
Bodie Con M Co 
Bulwer Con M Co 
Contention Con M Co 
Kentuck M Co 
Navajo M Co 
Northern Belle M & M Co 
Pleasant Valley M Co 
Silver King M Co 
Standard Con M Co 










O W Sessions 
W Willia » 
D C Bates 
J W Pew 
J W Pew 
WmW Ilia 
C E Elliot 
J Nash 
Wm Willis 

Opficb in S. F. 

309 Mont£ ornery st 

309 Montgomery st 

309 Montgomery Bt 

310 Pine st 

310 Fine st 

309 Montgomeiy at 

327 Pine st 

315 California st 

309 Montgomery st 



Nov 15 
Jan 12 
Nov 2F 
Jan 19 
-'an 12 
.T a 1 15 
Dec 15 
J m 15 
Jan 12 

Mining Share Market. 

The mining share market still continues very 
dull indeed, little business being done and 
fluctuation being very small. Up on the Com- 
stocktheyarestill hopeful of striking something. 

At the 3100 level of the Ophir-Mexican winze 
they are now cutting out a main working sta- 
tion. The opening is now two sets of timbers 
in width. As soon as this station is completed 
a crosscut will be started East. It will be in 
very interesting ground from the start — ground 
showing small seams of ore. The south drift on 
the 2700 level of the Consolidated Virginia is 
still cutting seams and stringers of quartz of 
good appearance, and all of which carry more or 
less metal. The west crosscut on the 2500 level 
of the Gould and Curry is now fast nearing the 
west wall of the vein, in. front of or against 
which it is expected that ore will be encoun- 
tered. The south drift of the Chollar on the 
2600 level is now in favorable ground. Feeders 
of metal-bearing quartz are being cut, but the 
main vein lies to the west, and its character and 
value will not be known until a crosscut has 
been driven in that direction. 

At Gold Hill the Crown Point, Belcher, Yel- 
low Jacket and some other companies are taking 
out a good deal of low-grade ore, the extraction 
of which gives employmont to a considerable 
number of men. ■ 

The Alta folks are making very rapid progress 
in their drain drift to the Sutro tunnel. The 
completion of this drift will give to their pumps 
a new lease of life. It will at once relieve them 
of the great strain of a column of water 1,030 
ft . in bight. 

Legislative Committees. — The Assembly 
Committee on "Agriculture, Mining and Me- 
chanics Arts College" is as follows: Townsend, 
Leverson, Case, Kerrick, Simon, Lewison, 
Stewart. On "Mines and Mining Interests 1 * — 
Farley, Briceland, Stewart, McHale, Rawle, 
Walrath, Carter. On "Water Eights and 
Drainage" — Matthews, Beard, Wheat, Doty, 
Sweetland, Coombs, Farley, McCloskey, Wal- 
rath. The Senate Committee on "Irrigation, 
Water Rights, Drainage and Mining Debris" is 
as follows: English, Del Valle, Murphy, 
Wallis, Spencer of Napa, Wolf skill, Whitney, 
Kellogg, Cross. The Committee on "Mines 
and Mining" is Kellogg, Flicker, Reddy, Wolf- 
skill, Frasier, Wallis, Taylor. 

Two workmen were killed at one of th» large 
city foundries this week while at work heating 
old metal, which they were breaking up. A 
couple of old brass cylinders, with the ends 
plugged up, exploded while in the fire, killing 
the two men. 

Frank A. Huntington (of 45 Fremont St.), 
has one of his new centrifugal roller quartz 
mills, with a Patten concentrator, running at 
the corner of Fifth and Bryant streets. The 
machines are at work on ore from Lower Cali- 
ifornia, and may be examined by any person in- 
terested in quartz machinery. 

The Tehichepa Disaster. 

Before daylight on the morning of Saturday, 
Jan. 20th, u train of cars left standing without 
a locomotive near the summit of the Tehichepa 
pass, on the S. P. R. R., rushed down the 
grades and around the sharp curves until a part 
of the train jumped the track and was instantly 
wrecked; almost immediately the cars took 
fire and were consumed. Many were killed by 
the shock, and others perished in the flames, 
unable to extricate themselves from the wreck. 
It was the most appalling railway disaster ever 
occurring on the Pacific coast. The following 
is the list of the killed and wounded : 

L. Wethered, dead; Major Larrabee, dead; Capt. 
A. L. Waterhouse, wife and two children, wounded; 
Miss Ida Brown, wounded; Mrs. J. K.. Brown, 
wounded; Lawrence, the porter, dead; B. A. Schleng- 
heyde, dead; Mrs. Cassell, dead; H. A. Oliver, dead; 
Miss.M. E. Squires, dead; Mrs. Hatch, wounded; Gov. 
Downey, wounded; Mrs. Downey, dead; Wright, 
the porter, dead; Thomis Keegan and F. Grome- 
fort, both dead; C. K. Pierson, express messenger, 
dead. [Mr. Pierson was the son of the Utah cor- 
respondent of the Mining and Scientific Press. 
— Eds. Pkess]. 

This makes only 1 2 known to be dead, but sev- 
eral others who boarded the train at the way 
stations are believed to have perished. 

Much mail matter was burned, including the 
edition of the Rural Press mailed to subscrib- 
ers in the southern counties. . Unfortunately, 
we are unable to replace these papers. 

The Ostriches at Woodward's Gardens 
are attracting much attention, and they are 
well worth a visit. There are several varieties 
of the ostrich, and the specimens on exhibition 
afford a rare opportunity for studying the char- 
acteristics of this wonderful bird — the largest 
of all the feathered kind now in existence. 
Two varieties — the Emu and the Cassowary — 
have been on exhibition at Woodward's for 
some time. These birds, however, are much 
smaller than those which recently arrived here 
from South Africa via New York. The latter 
are the true ostrich, being much larger and 
differing much in other respects from the 
smaller varieties. The males of the variety re- 
cently arrived sometimes reach 300 pounds in 
weight, and stand eight feet in hight. There 
are 22 of these noble birds now at Woodward's, 
which have been brought here to be domesti- 
cated for their feathers and eggs. Some varie- 
ties of the ostrich when young are very palata- 
ble as food. The present is a rare opportunity 
for seeing them which will not be continued 
long, as the birds will soon be removed to the 
"ostrich farm,'' which is being prepared for 
them in the interior of the State. The last 
China steamer brought to Woodward's another 
very interesting bird novelty — known as the 
Mandarin duck. This bird is quite rare and 
specially noted for ibs beautiful plumage. It is 
well worth a visit to the Gardens to see it. 


The following is mostly condensed from journals pub- 
lished in the interior, in proximity to the mines mentioned. 

A full feeling after meale, dyspepsia, heart-burn and 
general ill health relieved by Brown's Iron Bitters. 



Oneida. — Amador Ledger, Jan. 20: The Oneida 
company has put a number of men to work in pre- 
paring the ground in the neighborhood of the mine 
for sluicing. It is said that there is some first-class 
gravel which has never been worked, some of it 
prospecting as high as 15 to 20 cents per pan. The 
intention is to run it through sluice boxes, employing 
three gangs, 4 men to each gang, in shoveling it in. 
The operations are carried on under the direction of 
A. Velmini. 

Ochre. — This claim is owned by the Page broth- 
ers, and is located one and a half miles west of Ply- 
mouth. We are informed that in the last two weeks 
the nice little sum of $1,500 was taken out by pound- 
ing in a hand mortar the richest of the ore. It bids 
fair to become a famous mine. 

Miscellaneous. — The Cleveland placer claim at 
Volcano has been running steadily for three months 
past, employing 5 men. The work mainly consists 
in taking out pay dirt, and getting it on the dump 
preparatory to washing, when the water supply ena- 
bles them to do so. There are 4 owners in the claim. 
The gravel prospects handsomely; as high as $2 has 
been taken from a single pan, 

KELLY. — This quartz mine, three and a half miles 
above Volcano, is working constantly, with the 
small mill belonging thereto. This and' the Downs 
mill, we believe, are the only quartz mills in opera- 
tion in Volcano district at the present time. 

Volcano. — Amador Dispatch, Jan. 20: The 
weather has been so cold and frosty that all the 
creeks are dried up, so that it is impossible for gravel 
miners to work their claims. All the quarts mines 
around are still at work. The Acme mine is work- 
ing steady. The Downs mine is getting out very 
rich rock. The mill is running day and night to its 
utmost capacity. The mines in Pioneer district are 
all getting out rock. 

Copplb, — The Campo Seco Copper Company has 
concluded a shipment of 500 tons of copper, and now 
has under construction extensive smelting works. 
Fifty tons of castings are now on the ground for that 
purpose. There are at present 30 men employed, 
but the number will be doubled as soon as the pres- 
ent works are completed. The body of ore is 25 ft 
in thickness, and contains about 15 per cent, of cop- 

The Pekshbac'ker. — Butte Record, Jan, 20: We 
received a call last evening from Mr. lohn Barrett, a 
long-Lime resident of Magalia, and one of the own- 
ers in the celebrated Pershbacker mine near that 
place. He still adheres to his opinion expressed long 
ago, that it -is one of the best mines in the State. 
Just now they are not drifting in the mine, for the 
reason that the cold weather formed ice in their ditch 
that furnishes them with power to run their pumps, 
and, while freeing that of Arctic and oilier obstruc- 
tions to the free passage of the water, the pumps 
were allowed to lie idle, and the mine was flooded. 
They expect to have it pumped out in a short time 
and go ahead again with their daily work of taking 
out numerous specimens of coarse gold, besides 
ounces of fine dust. 

West Point. — Cor. Calaveras Chronicle, Jan. 20: 
The Champion mine is being worked; prospects are 
favorable. Win. Henderson and Wm. Jones have 
the management of the brakes. From what wc can 
learn good ore is being taken from the Carlton mine. 
Xew machinery has been put on the mine, and work 
is prosecuted night aiid day. Mr. Baker and Mr. 
Richards run the engine. The Henry mine is shut 
down at present. It is one of the leading mines 111 
this vicinity. The Star of the West, Tom Payne, 
Pride of Bummerville, Water Lilly, Gouldston and 
several other mines are not being worked at pres- 

The LeavittMine. — We were shown some very 
rich specimens of quartz one day this week which 
were taken from the Leavitt mine, situated near the 
Big Bar bridge on the Moquelumne river. The rock 
was taken from a depth of 40 ft, and the vein at thai 
point is large and well defined. Considerable work 
has been done upon the mine in the way of prospect- 

Unfavorable.— Georgetown Gazette, fan. 20: 
This winter so far has been very unfavorable to our 
mining interests. The sluice claims have nearly all 
been idle. Owing to the freezing weather of the past 
few weeks the California W. & M. Co.'s ditches have 
been very short in their water supply. Our mills have 
been shut clown on this account. About the only 
work in the mining line being done is tunnelifig, 
drifting and sinking. General stagnation now pre- 
vails. Very little money is circulating, and many of 
our people are closely pressed. Financially, this is 
the worst season ever experienced here. 

Greenwood.— Owing to the protracted spell of 
dry, cold weather dullness prevails. Mining opera- 
tions are almost entirely suspended for lack of water, 
and until the wished-for rains come news items, like 
every other benefit, will be scarce. 

Crescent' Mine.— Greenville Bulletin, Jan, 20: 
The pumps were started up last Friday and are 
working very well, lowering the water in the shaft 4 
ft per day. At this rate it will be but a short lime 
till the Ophir vein can be reached from the shaft, 
when work can be done to much greater advantage 
than at present. It is the intention of Mr. Davis to 
continue the drain tunnel around and above the 
shaft. When this is done it will intercept and carry 
off a large amount of water that now finds its way 
into the mine, and to that extent will reduce ex- 
pense. The ore continues to be as rich as before, 
and the body increases in size with further develop 
ment. Eight stamps are now running, 4 more ha\-' 
ing been started up on last Friday. Still other bat- 
teries will be put to work as soon as new ground is 
opened up, till the whole milling capacity shall be 
fully employed. 

Granite Basin Notes.— Cor. Plumas National, 
Jan. 20: Basin froze up for the winter, and 2 ft of 
snow. Nothing doing. The parties that attempted 
to buv in with Swan & Anient have so far failed to 

January 27, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


r agreement, by way of putting in the prom- 
phurel works and paying the amount stipu- 
lated in the agreement. S_t I, think the sale a dead 
"-.•mug out goo*! rock 
in their upper mine. They undoul 

idgcs that keep their mill bus] 

: lies idle. If it would 
aid ih.iw out the pi 
iuill up ami run throu 

. OUl, but the ieicle> are about 
7 ft too ' i ire a few placer mine-, in this 

I the country, but at present the outlook for 
hi will have t 
old roc 'ig. 


1 in. i San Bernardino 

i. Mining 

ii (tower for 20— 

da) ; stamps, 865 

tn-up pan, 3 0-ft 

1 ruck breaker. 


The pulleys for the pans 

>high ami the connecting wat<-r pipes 

prings tu tin- mill got out ot fix, and other 

little draw ing done until January, 

since which tun Q turning 

out bullion at the rale of 60,000 ozs a month, or 


■ . running 

Imi with the 


D Jan 

J?; At .: 1 the head- 

:■ ■ ■ > .n 1 ii'-go coun- 
on fan. to, 1883, it the purpose of forming 
aining district, < . Herkelrath 
the cliair and L, M. Wilson appointed Secretary, 
when the re had fohn £. 

Stuart, M. Prob Deming and J. H. Binet 

mmitti g i" draft .1 sei ■•( by-laws 
ported .is follow ■■ : Sec. 
, 1 ' ; known as tin- "Menifee 

Mining District inded as follows; Begin- 

ning at a point where the old sheep camp 
tersccts and is crossed by the California Southern 

'. ■ ■ ■!' .1 mil.' -i!i.tI\ 

known OS Cottonwood canyon, and 
asterly along said old sheep camp wash to 
the old sheep camp! thence due northeast to the 
main wagon road leading from Lamb's blacksmith 
shop to Pinacate railroad station; thence easterly to 
prings; thence easterly to San Jacinto post- 
to the San Jacinto toll-gate; 
lo ricknor's store; thence south- 
■ Temecula railroad station; thence 
northerly along ihe line of the California Southern 
railroad to place of beginning. 


WH1SKYTOWN.— I or. Shasta Courier, Jan. 

Vndrew & Kesler have a quantity of quartz 

■ mill, but fohnniesnys there is not enough 

■ drink, let alone run an arastra. At Mad 

■•■ o tons of quartz on the dump. Sev- 
j made 1 short run of 18 tons, but 
nad to shui dowi n account of scant water supply. 
rhe new millwoi harm. It is a great credit 

to the late energetic superintendent, Mr, I'arham, 
tinder whose supervision it was constructed. Zent & 
Uutler are engaged in the development of their mine, 
and are keeping a sharp lookout for nuggets. Low 
le are opening up a ledge above the Mad Ox, 
m & Jackson present the appearance of pros- 
miners. Bell & Mahoney have leagued to- 
gether to assault quart/ upon Grizzly. J. Stroud has 

■ 1 the interest of Arnetl & J. Williams on 
Dog Gulch. 


Qi vrtz, — Mountain Messenger, [an. 20; Stephen 
Spencer's quartz null, situated below the Ruby mine, 
is all ready to run when water comes. His men are 
at work getting down quartz, 

BlC— The old Union claims at Gibsonville con- 
tinue to pay as well as ever. An immense deposit of 
rich gravel has been tapped, and the extent of it is 
not yet know n. 

[EROME Vork has got his arastra in Slug canyon 
running. The late cold snap has interfered with his 
work by shutting off the water. Mr. Schofield, of 
the North Armerica mine, is running ahead in hard 
rock, but expects to complete his tunnel in about 7 
weeks. He has prospected the ground by shaft, and 
is now running a tunnel to work the ground, 

DEADWOOD. — Trinity Journat x Jan. 20: Mr. 
Friek was in this week, and from him we learn that 
Frick & Davis have their lower tunnel in about 200 
ft on the mine recently purchased from Gibson & 
McDonald Bros., and that they expect to strike the 
lode in 80 ft more. This will open the mine 80 ft 
lower than it has been worked and about 160 ft be- 
low the surface. In running this lower tunnel a 
small but very rich stringer was cut lately. Other 
mines in the Deadwood district are reported as not 
only "holding out," but constantly improving. 

The HESLEP. — Tuolumne In dependent, Jan. 20: 
This mine, a long while in the shadow as a good in- 
vestment, has recently come to the front. The mine 
is owned by a French company, who have furnished a 
good many hopeful twenty dollar pieces. With these 
they also sunk a shaft 800 ft deep in barren rock — in 
consequence, the property has been discouragingly 
down at the heel. Recently the superintendent was 
induced to run to a known chute farther south. This 
chute of ore was discovered in early limes, and, 
strange to say, was only prospected to the depth of 
10 ft. At a depth of 400 ft, on a drift 10 ft wide, 
they have found no hanging wall — a part near which 
the vein is said to be the richest. The ore they are 
now taking out is supposed to mill from $7 to $15 
per ton — and the cost of mining and milling is about 
$3 per ton — leaving a splendid profit for the company. 
The chute will pay from the grass roots. The min- 
ers pan out from 12 to 15 cents from a drill hole 2jjj 
ft deep. Stocks are again up at Quartz mountain. 



Union Con. — Enterprise, Jan. 20: The joint 
Sierra Nevada east crosscut on the 2900 level is mak- 
ing good headway. Being now well out from the 

station, blasting may be pushed. The rock is the 
regular Comstock vein porphyry, with streak> of 
porphyry and clay. All this quart/ is metal-bear- 
ing. The joint Mexican east crosscut on the ,\,oj 
., into ground showing mure quartz 

than was u first seen, but it ^tilt has 
the point where 

ore will Inr found. The met.d-be.tnng seams vt 
quartz ap[K*ar to be stringers or feeders from some 
larger body of quart/. 

OPHIR. — The broken spin replaced 

and in operation last Sunday. All the machinery 

is now in excellent condition. At the joint Mexican 
winze all is pro cIL A working station 

is being cut out at the 3100 level. Two sets of tim- 
bers have already l>een placed in position, and In 

less than two weeks the whole Station will be com - 
Dieted. Ihe material encountered in cutting out 

found in the 
bottom of the u 

CON. Virginia.— The south drift on the 2700 
level is being advanced at the usual speed. The 
face continues to show quartz giving low 
All the hoisting ol men lOtt being done at 

the C. and 1 haft, pern Line 1 ae ch inge of die 
I the Union shaft. The sending of the men 
down at this point interferes but very little with the 

vork, as no ore is now being hoisted. 

Choi 1 lit.- ihe main south drift has crossed the 
line im. 1 Potosi ground and I into vein 

material that gives low assays. The ground is 
comparatively dry, and is of such character that 
good headway c in be made of it. The seams of 
ftring quartz appear to be feeders from the 
main vein, which lies to the west, and when a cross- 
cut shall be run in that direction something of 
value is liable lo be found. 

Mi \ii an, — A working station is being cut out at 
thc'3ioo level. This will becompleted in less than 
two weeks, when an east crosscut will be started. 
'I lie material found in this large opening is as yet 
about the same as that passed through by the winze. 
The joint L'nion Con. east crosscut on the 2900 level 
is progressingat the rate of about 20 ft per week, and 
the material is steadily improving. 

Sa V AGE. — The joint Hale and Norcross drift on 
the 2600 level is being advanced at the rate of 40ft 
pur week. The drift has passed through the belt of 
soft material which required such close timbering 
and which was so wet as to somewhat retard op- 
erations. The rock is now of a good blastingchar- 
aclcr and will allow of better progress being made. 

SlERKA N&VADA. — The east crosscut on the27oo 
is still follow ing a erosscourse of quartz of good ap- 
pearance, [nafeu days this crosscut will reach a 
point where a change of ground for the better may- 
be looked for, On the 2900 the north drift and the 
east crosscut joint with the Union Con. are making 
good headway in favorable ground. 

Yellow Jai ki-.t.— Over 60 tons of very fair 
milling ore now daily being extracted. A consider- 
able amount of prospecting work is in progress, and 
new deposits of ore are liable to be found almost 
any day, as occasional bunches of paying ore are 
encountered in several directions. 

Hale and Nohckoss, — The joint Savage drift on 
the 2600 level has passed into harder and dryer rock. 
This allows of better progress being made, as the 
close timbering is not required which was necessary 
while in the belt of soft, wet ground. The rock 
contains scams of quartz that give low assays. 


MILL.— Eureka Sentinel, Jan. 20: The remains of 
the old Lemon mill have been bought by the proprie- 
tors of the Monitor mine, Taylor District, and will 
be removed to its destination as soon as the weather 
permits. These remnants consist of three pans and 
one settler. After this last haul there will be little 
left of the old landmark but the frame. 


Ei.ko Con. — Times-J?ez<icii>, Jan. 20: During 
the past week the west crosscut from main drift of 
shaft No. t has been extended a distance of 10 ft. 
In the main drift good ore has been encountered 
with every indication of improvement as the drift is 

Independence. — The west crosscut on the 300 
level was advanced 10 ft the past week. The south 
drift, 4C0 level, has been extended 17 ft, making a 
total of 278 ft. No change to note since last re- 

Grand Prize and Argenta,— East drift, 700 
level, is in 300 ft and west drift 79 ft. North cross- 
cut is in 56 ft. Crosscut towards foot wall in Ar- 
genta winze has reached the wall. Hanging wall 
crosscut is in 16 ft in favorable-looking ledge mat- 
ter; no wall yet. No trouble now with water, and 
everything is working well. 

Belle Isle.— During the past week the north 
drift was advanced 12 ft through ground showing 
fine seams of ore, and presenting good indications 
for an ore chimney in the near future. The 
winze from the 250 level was sunk 25 ft in a favor- 
able formation that shows small seams of ore. 

Navajo. — The drift on tl e 450 level was ad- 
vanced 14 ft the past week. The ledge shows a 
marked improvement both in size and the quality of 
the ore vein. On the 350 level, winze No. 2 was 
sunk 7 ft, and the material found continues to im- 
prove in character. Winze No. 4, which was sunk 
10 ft, is also looking well. The usual amount and 
grade of ore is being produced by the slopes. The 
bullion shipment for the week amounted to $15,686. 18. 


Silver Wave Mill Started.— Cor. Silver 
State, Jan. 16: This day has been a notable one 
upon this side of the Paradise range. The resound- 
ing echo of a steam whistle for the first time saluted 
the primitive precincts of Queen river. For several 
years it has been apparent to those conversant with 
the facts that much merit belonged to the prospects 
on and about Willow Creek, but it remained for H. 
H. McColley and T. J. Harlan to render, by the 
building of a quartz mill, the demonstration of the 
fact. As to the merits of this camp, I will add that 
while no excitement prevails, and that there is no 
wish upon the part of any here to create one, there 
is already for the first run of this mill abou 50010ns 
of ore from the Iowa mine that samples from $20 
away up into the hundreds. Your correspondent 
visited this mine yesterday, and found from the face 
of the tunnel, drifts north and south to the extent of 
100 ft on the ledge, showing a 2-ft ledge all the way 
of good milling rock, say from $60 to $70 per ton. 
Many other properties are showing up finely. The 
Silver Wave mine, I am informed, is giving good 

ag at the foot fbf the incline 130 ft) 

$17.50 in gold and $7.80 in silver. Another mine. 

the name of which I did not learn, is showing up 

well. It is the property of A. Shrewsbury, and he 

ral men at work. Thi I fohn Ber- 


have produced a tine quality of or.-. The Ohio mine 

is well known, mention. While its 

good, allow in.' 10 predict thai many other 

■ m its immediate vicinity now 



Strike in mi Eden Lass. - Tombstone Rtpub- 
Hi 1 den Lass mine is located south of 

I belt that runs from Tombstone to 
the San Pedro river, 9 miles distant It is on the 
weslci 11 slope \ 1 low ridge that lies to thi ■ 
Via* lull, and is between a contact of porphyry 
with the lime. I northeast and south- 

ed can be traced for the length of 2 full 

claims. Two years ago this claim stood irerj high 
in the estimation ol mining men. Nothing more 
than the assessment work has been done on it since 

then until quite recently, when a lease was given 10 

ners tu work it upon tribute. At a depth of 
85 ft a drift has been run for some distant e in fair 
milling ore, the ledge being well defined. Coming 
up within 20 ft of the surface, they discovered a 
chimney of exceedingly rich ore— ore that is tilled 
with greenhorn silver, with some black metal 
ing from $1,000 to $5,000 per ton. They now have 
out on the dump an amount of ore estimated at 
$5,000, net value. They intend to drift to 
a point underneath this rich chimney, feeling confi- 
denl 1I1 iiu continues down to that pointat least, and 
how much further they do not know. This strike 
should have the effect of stimulating others to work 
their claims in the same locality. 


DUMONT ami Irs Minks.— Colorado Miner, 
Jan. 16: Within a radius of 2 miles of Dumont 
there are 53 different mines that have produced more 
or less of the precious metals during the year 1882, 
and the amount will not fall but very little short of 
$50,000. It is mostly gold, but silver has been 
found in some of the mines in paying quantities, 
and it is generally believed that the latter will pre- 
dominate as greater depth is attained. Nearly all 
the ore that contained silver has been shipped to 
Georgetown and sold, while the gold ore has been 
worked up in stamp mills at that place or shipped to 
smelters in the valley. Among the most prominent 
mines are the Albro, Eagle, American Eagle, Ohio 
and Syndicate. Many other mines give good pros- 
pects, but the developments are too small to judge of 
their value. The two stamp mills, the Albro and 
the Mansfield, have" been kept busy most of the past 
year on free milling ore. Dumont has improved but 
very little in the last year, although we noticed some 
new buildings in course of construction. The 
growth has been steady and healthy ever since the 
name was changed from Mill City to Dumont, and 
new buildings are only put up to meet the demands 
of the mining interest, which is the only industry. 


The Smoky Placers. — Wood River Times, Jan. 
17; The placer mining season generally lasts 5 or 6 
months every year, or from the 1st of April to the 
1st of October. Some years the season is much 
shorter. The snow is seldom gone befoie the 
middle of May, and by the middle of September the 
water and it becomes impossible to wash 
gravel. The snow is 2J4 ft deep in the Smokeys 
just now, which is a much lighter fall than is custo- 
mary by this time of year. An open winter and 
early spring is expected. All the placer mining 
ground is now taken up — seven locations altogether. 
Messrs. Swift & McCarter intend starling up work 
early in the spring. 

Little Lost River. — Wood River Times, Jan. 
20: The mines are located on Little Lost river, in 
this county, 40 miles northeast of Arco, a stage sta- 
tion on the Blackfoot and Wood river road. The 
surrounding country is covered with lava. There 
is but one lode, the Tyndall, which runs north and 
south and dips to the west. The formation is rotten 
or decomposed quartzite, with trachytic dykes or 
crosscourses running through on the east wall. A 
peculiarity of the lode is that a 25-ft reef of pure 
white sandstone runs along the whole course of it in 
the vein. Wood and water are abundant. 


The Cable Strike. — Inter-Mountain, Jan. 20: 
The strike recently recorded in the Cable gold mine 
is one of the most important mining developments 
announced within the past year. Supt. Savery is 
averse to the publication of any facts relative to his 
company's operations, but in the interest of the 
mining industry of this territory it is deemed expedi- 
ent to give the public some idea of what is going on 
in the old camp. Enough ore has been blocked out 
in the lower workings of the mine from the face of 
the tunnel to supply the 30-stamp mill for over a 
year. The ledge is 40 ft wide, well defined, regular 
and of uniform richness. A little more development 
will bring into sight an inexhaustible ore supply. 
The ore now being taken out averages in assay 
value from $60 to $75 per ton, exclusive of the gold 
nuggets which are frequently found in great profu- 
sion and of all sizes. Two weeks ago, it will be re- 
membered, a piece of ore was extracted weighing 
about 150 lbs, and which was estimated to contain 
$6,000 in native gold, most of it in nugget form. 
At present only 15 of the 30 stamps are in opera- 
tion owing to the scarcity of water, but these stamps 
are daily crushing ore valued at $100 per stamp. As 
soon as the water supply can be increased the daily 
product of the mitt will be $3,000, and this yield can 
be kept up for an indefinite period, as the ore now 
being treated is only of the average grade. This 
little 3o-stamp*miIl is thus making a wonderful 
record, and the product for this year promises to be 
over $1,000,000, if only the ore in sight should be 
worked. The Cable mine coutd easily supply a 60- 
stamp mill. It is considered by all who know any- 
thing of its productiveness, richness and extent, a 
far more valuable gold property than even the 
famous Drum Lummon. It would take more than 
a million dollars in cold cash to buy it to-day. 

New Mexico. 

Lake Valley.— Herald, Jan. n: Work is pro- 
gressing steadily at the Hillsboro mine, belonging 

igeCo, The new find i:i 
perior improves as they work deeper into it 
ing both in extent and quality. In the Bullion the 
I into the vein as anticipated, and 
■ do considei ■ 

ore will be I 
■ l ^ rapidh [*h e trouble at the 1 

mine with the employee! and a full new 

now at work sinking a shaft, ami 
0. J in- is the 
aging to [elTerson Raynolds, of I 
1 en or fifteen thousand dollars' worth of work 
has been done on the Iron King mine, 1 
from Kingston. It has two shafts B i: 

! ■ >j<per carbonates and 

manganese oxide. The Kentucky mine has 50 

u the dump, in the tnnm I 
isao-ft breast of ore which runs high. There is 
also a shaft 20 ft deep. On the surface are crop- 
hii h indicate a verj rich mine. 'I he ore is .1 
kindol carbonate. Moore Bros, St NfcDoug 
it work "ii the Oxford, an extension of the Brilliant, 

e.0111^ down on the iron croppings with the inten- 
Lion of erossL'iitting toward the qu irUite. I hi re Is 
an immense vein on the claim, whn h 1 
ries mineral on ihesuil. v,. iv - 

pit canyon is showing up some very lair pro 
50m? i them indicating galena which will I for smelting. 1 h. [.■■ k-pot, Mountain Maid, 
Lone Boy. and Yellow facket are among those that 
have been fairly tested by their owners and promise 
well in future development. Hold in considerable 
quantities is found on ihe -.null of the north 
Percha, in the vicinity of the Solitaire. A pan of 
dirt showed several colors. This gold placer work- 
ing, however, will not prove a success in this dis- 
trict, but the fact that the colors are found is im- 
portant, as it indicates that gold lodes will yet be 
discovered higher up in the mountains. Work is in 
progress on the Miner's Dream, which is a very 
valuable lead. There had been some anxiety on ac- 
count of the scarcity of lead in the district previous 
to the recent strikes on this mine, when ore carrying 
lead in large quantities was discovered. This will 
avoid the difficulty tosome|extent, and indicates that 
there is plenty of lead in camp for lluxing. The 
"Kentuck," situated in the mining belt in which is 
embraced the Illinois, Andy [nlmson, Brush Heap, 
United States, Clipper, Good Will and Black-eyed 
Susan, is developed to the extent of 30 ft in a body 
of mineral, which is galena, copper carbonates and 
bromide of silver. The Kentuck only needs to be 
worked to become valuable to its owners. 

A Fraud.— New Southwest, Jan. 13: Inaccrtain 
mining district, not a thousand miles away from 
Doming or Silver City, there is said to be a stock 
company operating in a very darkish kind of a 
way. The capital of the corporation is nominally 
$400,000. It has ground a distance of about one 
mile up on the side of a sleep and rugged moun- 
tain. Its agent has sunk two shafts, one 75 and the 
other 60 ft in depth, sunk in granite— solid granite 
and in nothingbut granite, It has one tunnel in the 
side of the rugged hill aforesaid for the distance of 
75 ft and another 30 ft, out of both of which comes 
some nice granite. The company employs a su- 
perintendent and six men, and instructions were re- 
cently received from the East to sink a 600 foot shaft 
— again we suppose in granite. Parlies who have 
been on the ground say that there is not a trace of 
metal of any kind in any of the shafts or tunnels, 
and yet the workof sinking — in granite — goes bravely 
onward. Work has been commenced on several of 
the mines at Ties Hermanos, and very favorable re- 
ports from them have been received. 


Snow. — Jacksonville Times, Jan. 16: A consider- 
able amount of snow lies back in the hills, upon 
which the miners anticipate fondly. Win, Heeley 
was down from big Applegate this week, who in- 
forms us that the Chinese operating the Applegate 
Gravel ("o.'s claims have suspended work. H. D. 
Russell has sold his interest in the McKee claim on 
lackass creek to Polk Dews. W. Q. Brown, super- 
intendent of the nickel mine on Cow creek, is hav- 
ing a wagon road built to G. W. Riddle's old place 
from the mine. The O, C. andS. mining company, 
at Oakland, Or., have discharged all the miners, 
and for the present work in the mine will be discon- 
tinued, as they already have ore enough out to run 
the furnace four months. The last clean-up was 38 
bottles of quicksilver. J. F. Salmon, one of the in- 
ventors of the quartz milts now being operated at 
Blackwell and Horsehead, has recently been putting 
them in running order. They come up to expecta- 
tions now, and are said to be unexcelled in the 
economy and perfection of their work. Mr. S. is 
interested in a hydraulic claim on Cow creek, which 
has not been worked to any extent this season, ow- 
ing to the weather. There are two like claims in 
that vicinity. 


Bakrke & Walker. — Silver Reef Miner, Jan. 
18: Although this property has been encumbered 
for some time witli suits and attachments for debt, 
we have no hesitancy in saying that at no great dis- 
tance in the future, affairs now somewhat muddled, 
will give way to a more favorable impression, and at 
least no one suffer from loss who has had dealings 
with this company. At present the property and 
mill are closed down and undoubtedly will remain 
so until it changes hands. 

Stormont. — This property is being worked with 
satisfactory and Haltering results under the able and 
energetic management of Col. Allen. From 10 to 
12 teams are engaged in hauling the ore from the 
mines to the mill on the Virgin river, a distance of 
some 5 miles, and kept constantly at work. About 
35 or 40 tons of good grade ore is crushed daily. 
The mines are looking better and richer as depth is 
attained, while development is kept moving in the 
various shafts, levels and drifts as time and opportu- 
nity present. Bullion shipments are regular through 
McCormick & Co., of Salt Lake. 

Christy. — The vast and inexhaustible deposits 
belonging to this company still improve at each step 
of development in extent and quality. In a short 
article for the press one can only get an idea of what 
the property embraces, or its immense bodies of ore, 
workings, and so on. To get a proper understand- 
ing of these facts necessitates a visit and examina- 
tion of the Underground workings. The Christy Co 
has expended thousands and thousands of dollars in 
opening and developing its mines, which, by the way, 
has been the boon of success it now enjoys. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 2?, 1883 

Substances Used in Amalgamating-. 

The application and modification of the 
amalgamation process, as practiced on the 
Comstock, has occasioned among experienced 
millmen great doubt as to the beneficial results 
derived from the use of any chemical agents 
at present mixed with the ore. This doubt is oc- 
casioned, or at least strengthened, by the cus- 
tom of late years of decreasing the quantity of 
salt and sulphate of copper added to the charge, 
without apparently diminishing the product of 
bullion. Many amalgamators now abstain from 
the use of both reagents; others add a small 
quantity of sulphate of copper, but no salt; in a 
few instances the custom is to throw in only a 
little of the latter, while in many mills the rule 
is to employ a small amount of both substances, 
' owing to a slight prejudice against the aban- 
donment of "chemicals" altogether. 

The action exerted by these two reagents in 
the pan would appear clearly to indicate that 
the benefits derived from their use are partly 
to aid in converting the sulphide into chloride 
of silver, as in the patio, and partly to decompose 
such minerals as are but slightly attacked by 
the mercury. In the Comstock process, how- 
ever, the large quantity of iron present must 
tend greatly to produce sub-chloride of copper 
almost as soon as the chemical agents are 
thrown into the pulp. 

Notwithstanding the importance of common 
salt and sulphate of copper ^in the patio, and, 
under certain conditions in the pan, their value 
must be considered as only secondary in the de- 
composition of a large proportion of the Com- 
stock ores. The advantages derived from their 
use are shown to be exerted chiefly upon such 
minerals as blende and galena, which are but 
slightly attacked by the mercury. But the 
amounts employed are in most cases too small to 
effect any favorable results. On the other hand, 
if a sufficiently large proportion of the reagents 
are consumed in the pulp, in order to produce 
the beneficial returns, it is always at the ex- 
pense of preserving the necessary "purity of the 
mercury. The quantity of salt deemed neces- 
sary by millmen varies from one-quarter of a 
pound up to seven or eight pounds per ton; 
scarcely any two establishments have the same 

The consumption of sulphate of copper also 
depends upon the ideas of the amalgamators, 
but the amounts do not differ so widely as in 
the case of the salt. It ranges from one-quarter 
of a pound to three pounds per ton. 

The addition of the sulphate without salt is 
of late years a common practice. The opinion 
among those v.dio work their ore in this way is 
that it gives a little better yield than when 
mercury alone is employed, particularly where 
the ore indicates the presence of galena in any 
considerable amount, hi which case it is said to 
'quicken" the mercury and render it more ener- 

Continued experience appears to determine 
this fact with a considerable degree of certainty. 
In working ores containing only a small per- 
centage of lead, the quicksilver very soon be- 
comes dull and inactive, or, as it is technically 
termed, it "sickens," and the yield from the pan 
is consequently low. Lead is one of the most 
deleterious metals in destroying the amalgamating 
energy of mercury, and at the same time is very 
rapidly absorbed when the two metals are 
brought into contact. Sulphate of copper pos- 
sesses to a certain extent the property of ex- 
pelling lead from the mercury, copper being 
amalgamated and sulphate of lead formed at the 
expense of the sulphuric acid of the copper 

If a concentrated solution of sulphate of cop- 
per be allowed to stand upon the lead -amalgam, 
the action takes place quite rapidly, mercury 
containing lead acting much more energetically 
upon the copper solution than when perfectly 

This salt, however, does not appear, under any 
circumstances, to possess the power of com- 
pletely driving out the lead. 

Another advantage derived from the ad- 
dition of a small quantity of the sul- 
phate of copper is that mercury, un- 
der certain conditions, when exposed 
to the solution, forms a minute amount of cop- 
per amalgam, which causes the metal to act 
with a somewhat greater intensity in the de- 
composition of the silver sulphide than when 
perfectly pure. Iron, as a reducing agent in the 
pan process, probably plays an important part 

in bringing about the favorable results ob- 
tained. This may occur, according to Mr. 
Hague, in three ways: 

First. — It aids in a great measure the decom 
position of the chloride of silver. 

Secondly — It reduces the calomel formed dur- 
ing the operation; the chlorine, combining with 
the iron, goes into solution, and the heavy metal 
is liberated. In this way it not only pre- 
vents a chemicalloss of mercury, but also serves 
to keep the surface of that metal bright and 
clean, which otherwise might be coated with a 
thin film of sub- chloride, which would greatly 
destroy its activity. 

Thirdly — It undoubtedly assists directly in 
the amalgamation where the two metals are 
brought into close contact with the easily re- 
ducible sulphurets. The successful and con- 
tinued operations on the Comstock without the 
aid of any other chemical agents sufficiently 
prove this statement. The experiments in treat- 
ing argentite and iron filings with mercury con- 
firm the fact. 

Humboldt, in speaking of the amalgamation 
problem in Mexico, draws attention to this point, 
and remarks upon the rapidity with which amal- 
gamation was secured when the two metals were 
triturated together with argentite. This action 
of iron is obtained not only from the constant 
agitation maintained, which brings the pulp and 
metal in contact with the sides and bottom of 
the pan, but also from the amount of iron dis- 
seminated in a fine condition through the ore, 
produced by the wear of the stamps, shoes and 


Plumbago is an instance in which a variety of 
uses have been discovered in modern times for 
an article well known for several generations. 
Chemically, pure plumbago is a form of cai'bon, 
and the chemist knows it as graphite. Popu- 
larly it is known as black lead from its metallic 
lead gray luster. It is still further known as 
"kish," by workmen, when it occurs among the 
crystals of rich pig iron. Its specific gravity 
between 2.09 and l.S. It feels very unctious to 
the touch when rubbed between the fingers. 
Plumbago neither melts, softens, nor is in any 
way changed by the temperatures, provided 
access of oxygen be prevented, and it burns 
very slowly when heated in atmospheric air. On 
account of this property, it is a valuable ma- 
terial for making crucibles. As it is not of it- 
self plastic, it is mixed with refractory clay in 
sufficient proportion to produce a material ca- 
pable of being molded into crucibles on the pot- 
ter's wheel. Good plumbago crucibles support 
sudden alterations of temperature without 
cracking, and may be used after being repeatedly 
heated and cooled. The graphite or phunbago 
on the outer surface will ultimately burn away 
unless protected by dipping in a mixture of 
clay and water containing borax in solution. 

A few years ago the only uses to which plum- 
bago was applied was in the manufacture of 
black lead pencils, and for the domestic clean- 
ing of household grates. Afterwards its use as 
a lubricant for heavy machinery was discov- 
ered, and it is now largely used for the bearings 
of water wheels and other large gear, and as a 
lubricant for gun carriages, and for blowing 
cylinders of blast engines. It is peculiarly 
suitable for blowing cylinders, as it is uninflam- 
mable. It is free from the clogging properties 
of oil, and as dust is frequently drawn into the 
blowing cylinder, oil soon clogs, rendering con- 
stant supervision necessary. Plumbago is also 
used for lubricating piano keys, the pivots of 
large clocks, etc., and particularly for wooden 
cog wheels. 

The most famous mine in England is at Bor- 
rowdale, in Cumberland; but plumbago is 
found also in India and Ceylon, in the United 
States, Canada, Nova Zembla, Australia, in 
France, Sweden, Russia, and a few other places 
including Bohemia, where there are large 
mines. The development of the steel trade has 
largely increased the demand for plumago, the 
large works of Krupp & Co. alone using up- 
wards of 200 tons annually. 

Another increasing use of thiH valuable ma- 
terial is for founders' blacking, which is used as 
a facing powder for sand molds by thickly dust- 
ing it over the molds, by shaking a bag in which 
is a quantity of finely powdered black lead. 
The facing powder is said to need no smoothing 
after dusting, and does not run before the hot 
metal. It is used in a similar manner for the 
molds of chill castings; it is also used to coat the 
molds of loat castings as a thick paste. It is 
further useful for coating patterns — if of wood 
it is rubbed on dry; if the patterns are of iron it 
is painted or rubbed on with a brush. Another 
use in the foundry is to throw it on the surface 
of hot metal whilst in the ladle to prevent too 
rapid cooling, and for which purpose also a 
wash is painted on the coating of the ladle, as 
the plumbago is practically uninflammable. 
There are no sparks, and castings that are from 
molds, dusted with this mineral, have a fine blue 

Of course, pumbago, like other minerals, is 
never found pure, the impurities being silicon, 
oxide of iron, alumnia, lime, magnesia, etc., ac- 
cording to the localities in which it is found. 

To purify it, after being powdered , it is washed 
and sifted into different degrees of fineness. One 
of the latest applications of plumbago is in the 
manufacture of paint. It is peculiarly adapted 
for withstanding the effects of the weather and 
salt water, for which reason it has been largely 
used for painting ships, piers, bridges, tanks, 
buoys, tarpaulins, railway trucks, etc. Its great 
body enables it to cover more surface than an 
equal weight of most paints. At present the 
only colors which have been manufactured are 
black and chocolate. It is used for glazing gun- 
powder, for coating ships and boats to prevent 
weeds and^ barnacles adhering to the bottoms, 
and for dusting steel ingot molds. 

Artificial graphite is now made so that the sup- 
ply is not so dependent upon natural sources as 
formerly. — Manchester (Eng. ) Mechanical 

Bad Mining Management. 

Of all the evils that our country is afflicted 
with, the worst is that of having a quartz mine 
fall into the hands of Eastern capitalists, or 
rather Eastern stock gamblers. After a thorough 
trial of this style of mining, and after watch- 
ing the results for many years, we are confirmed 
in the opinion that nothing worse can befall a 
mine — as far as this country is concerned — than 
to have it fall into the hands of that class of op- 
erators. A good property undeveloped is put 
into the Stock Board of New York, 
for instance. The agents to give it a ' 'gilt edged 
send-off," convey the idea that it is a perfect 
wonder and rich beyond compare. They say 
that all that it needs is just enough capital to 
start up the mine and mill, and that wonderful 
dividends will result. Acting on these repre- 
sentations Eastern men put their money into the 
stock, and in a very short time commence to 
clamor for the promised dividends. Probably 
not half enough money has been furnished to 
develop and improve the mine, and our own 
people, merchants, farmers and contractors, are 
holding claims for the half that has not been ad- 
vanced. And here is where the bad manage- 
ment comes in. Instead of using the proceeds 
of the mine to pay their debts and make further 
developments until it is on a substantial 
footing, the money taken out is shipped 
to New York and distributed in the 
shape of dividends with a grand flourish of 
trumpets, to satisfy the demands of rapacious 
stockholders and bull the market, and in the 
meantime our own home people are left to bear 
the brunt. They must wait, because the property 
is here, and they are interested in "keeping up 
the country." Operations are worked along in 
this way for a while, the mine — which may be 
a good paying property — is only half worked 
and does not have half a chance, and then some 
creditor, who has "packed" it as far as he can, 
is obliged to bring suit for his money, and the 
whole business ends in a grand collapse, the 
mine is condemned, and other valuable prop- 
erties in the neighborhood suffer because of the 
failure. The whole system is wrong, and it is 
a curse to any mining country in the world. 
When a failure is made in this manner, it is 
more than an even bet, every time, that a Cali- 
fornia company of mining men can take the 
same property, put it in shape, and make it a 
good dividend paying mine. They know what 
mining means, and know that it takes time 
and money to put it on a good footing, except 
in an exceptional case, now and then, where a 
perfect bonanza is found, which can be made to 
pay at once. Mining is a business which needs 
both brains and experience, and when men 
with a very small stock of these qualifications 
are placed in charge, it does not take a wise 
man nor a prophet to predict that failure is to 
be the result. — Plumas National. 

New Method of Separating Minerals, 

Mr. T. Buettgenbach contributes to the Berg 
und Hiilcmmanische Zeitung the following: The 
separation of intimately intermixed minerals 
from each other has hitherto been effected 
mainly by taking advantage of differences in 
density, structure or capacity for being rendered 
magnetic by calcination, while no use has been 
made of the striking properties evinced in dif- 
ferences of specific cohesive strength. The 
separation of minerals of unequal hardness, and 
by reason of their greater or less susceptibility 
to break down into fragments of different sizes, 
is not possible with the ordinary crushing or 
stamping mill; but it is different when the mass 
is thrown violently against a hard resisting sur- 
face, in which case, if the velocity is properly 
proportioned, only the more brittle substances 
are broken. In order to obtain a proper separa- 
tion of iron pyrites and zinc blende, the author 
has been led to experiment on the use of Vapart's 
centrifugal breaker, not only as a crusher, but 
as a separating machine. AVhen this apparatus 
is driven at S00 revolutions per minute, lumps 
of iron pyrites of 20 to 25 millimeters diameter 
are reduced partly to dust and partly to grains 
of 1 to 1£ millimeter; but when the velocity 
is reduced to 400 revolutions they are 
scarcely touched. Blende, which is of 
inferior hardness, is reduced to the finest 
flue stuff at 800 revolutions, while at 
400 it leaves the apparatus partly as dust and 
partly as grains of O'o to 3*0 millimeters^ in di- 
ameter. If, therefore, a mixture of the two min- 
erals is treated at the lower speed of 400 revolu- 
tions per minute, the pyrites arealmost entirely 
unaltered, while the blende, being very finely 
reduced, may be separated by a simple sifting 
process. In order to make the process continu- 
ous in action, the crushed ore is passed through 

a hopper into a drum sieve making nine and 
two-tenths revolutions to every hundred of the 
mill, and divided into three parts with holes of 
1, 2 and 3 millimeters respectively. The coarser 
stuff passes into a second drum with two divis- 
ions, having holes of 6 and S millimeters re- 
spectively, which is driven at eight revolutions 
per 100 of those of the crusher. The size of the 
sieve holes depends upon those of the particles 
operated on, and it is importantthat these shall 
be as nearly uniform as possible. The operation 
may be carried on wet or dry, but in the latter 
case it is essential that the material shall be as 
free from moisture as possible, as the powder, 
if damp (with about four per cent, of water), 
binds, and easily stops up the holes in the 
sieves. The dust is also a very great inconven- 
ience, which, however, may be remedied by the 
use of a small jet of water. The separation of 
the two minerals is not completely effected, as 
the angles of the grains of pyrites are apt to 
break off, even at moderate speeds of the ma- 
chine, and to become mixed with the fine blende; 
but it is sufficient for ordinary commercial pur- 
poses. The economic value is shown by the 
following calculation : Mixed ores with equal 
contents of blende and pyrites are worth at the 
utmost about 10s. per ton, and are not easily 
disposed of at that price; but when subjected 
to the treatment described above, the products 
are 1 1 cwt. of pyrites, with 5% of blende, 
worth 9s. 6d., and 9 cwt. of blende, worth 31s. 
6d., or a total of 41s. for the eparated pro- 
ducts. Taking the cost of the raw material at 
10s., and the working cost at 9d., the profit on 
the process appears to be 30s. 3d. per ton of 
stuff treated. The amount of material that 
can be crushed in a Vapart mill is about five 
tons per hour passed once through, so that a 
single apparatus will be sufficient for even a 
very productive mine, as mixed ore of this kind 
never forms more than a comparatively small 
portion of the total produce. H. B. 

Some Reactions of Titanium. 

The following "Notes on Some Reactions of 
Titanium" were submitted at the Colorado meet- 
ing of the American Institute of Mining Engi- 
neers by Mrs. Ellen H. Richards, of Boston, 
Mass. : It is of importance to analysts to have 
a ready means of detecting the presence of small 
quantities of titanium in iron ores, and in cer- 
tain fluxes and slags. The method given in 
Elderhorst's Blouyripe Analysis (fusion with po- 
tassium hydrogen sulphate) requires considerable 
practice in order so to regulate the heat that the 
titanium oxide shall become soluble. 

In Brush's Determinative Mineralogy is found 
a method which, at least in inexperienced hands, 
has given better results, i. e., fusion of the sub- 
stance to be tested with soda on charcoal in the 
reducing flame. The solution in hydrochloric 
acid of the bead thus obtained, boiled with tin 
or zinc, gives the characteristic violet color; but 
when the mineral contains less than four per 
cent, of titanium oxide, long boiling and conse- 
quent concentration is necessary. In fact the 
test would seem to be much less delicate than 
is generally supposed, 

In the course of some analyses I quite acci- 
dentally found that a peculiar color is given to 
tumeric paper by solutions of titanium chloride. 
This color is hard to describe, being modified by 
the quantity of ferric chloride present in the 
solution; but it is neither the orange of zirconia 
nor the red of boron. It is rather a dull shade 
of purple, and is easily recognized when the 
paper is dried, although the color fades in a few 

By this means a solution containing .015 per 
cent of titanium oxide can be easily tested. 
The same solution, treated with tin, required to 
be concentrated to one-tenth its bulk before a 
decided color could be obtained. 

The color on tumeric paper is intensified when 
the-solution has been treated with tin and has 
failed to show a shade of color. This and some 
other indications show that the best shade of 
color is given by the titanous chloride rather 
than by the titanic chloride, amino other salt 
of titanium has been found to give the color. 

Another peculiar property of titanium salts 
has come under my oheervation. When titan - 
iferous minerals are soluble in nitric acid, and 
the solution is subjected to the action of the 
battery, the soluble titanium is converted into 
the insoluble oxide and appears on the electrode, 
in some cases as a white coating; this coating 
intei feres with the estimation of copper, as it is 
deposited along with the metal, sometimes to 
the extent of one per cent, of the copper. 

In the course of the experiments it was found 
that a strong battery current reduced the titanic 
oxide to titanous oxide in aqueous solution, ob- 
tained by fusion with potassium hydrogen sul- 
phate in acid solutions of the oxalate and sul- 
phate. The oxalate, in particular, soon became 
a deep golden yellow, and after 36 hours, al- 
though the solution was clear, the addition of 
ammonia produced a precipitate of a beautiful 
deep blue color. 

The New Wire Gauge. — The Board of 
Trade have issued a circular to those interested 
in the new standard wire gauge, which is 
shortly to be legalized, accompanied by a copy 
of the new standards, and asking the opinion of 
manufacturers. The Board of Trade does not 
propose to make any change in the smaller 
gauges from 20 to 50 BWG, but the sizes of the 
Nos. 8 to 19 are reduced in the new standard. 
The wire-makers of Warrington and Shropshire 
are surprised to find that the Board of Trade 
has remodeled the gauge on a plan of its own, 
irrespective of their expressed views. 

January 27, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

Tellurium iu Copper. 

At the Harrisburg meeting td the American 
Institute of Mining Engineers, T. EEglaston. Ph. 
Bad iii. follow ing p 

1 ilach oiide ol 
copper and of pig copper from Colorado wi re 
tent to in.- t-« examine for arsenic and antimony. 
i ined them both by the blow pipe, and in 

the wet tray, but found none present. 

A quantity of this material was purchased by 

■ large metsUurgical works, hut when tiny at 

I t" refine it the} pi it to be 

lull of arsenic ami antimony; so much so that 

their furnaces were, as they said, '"poisoned,*' 

ami rendered unfit for refinmg. 1 thru re-ex 

■mined the samples, ami. at the same time, 

! which had "poisoned" the 

. and found no trace ol u seme or an! i 

mon\ when th i usual amounts for analysis were 

useof; but on taking varj largi > amounts 1 found 

merely, in some parts of the sample, but 

not in all. As it was a matter of interest to 

u the white substance thai "poi 

soned"the furnace was, I sent to the works 

m ak ing the black copper, and obtained 

the matte from « Inch the black copper was 
made. I took careful samp] s, huth of it and 
the black copper and the refined copper. 1 then 
found the impurity to be tellurium, a substance 
not heretofore known as occurring in copper. I 
give below one analysis of the matte, two of the 
black, and one of the refined copper. 


17 U7 



HUck C"ppcr. 
97.120 Uij.090 

0.182 0.125 

0.777 0.757 

0.070 0.100 

0.130 080 


0.093 0.097 


1 270 192 


nil 701 




Z dc and nickel 



S';iK. etc 

Useful Information. 

99.80 99.S34 09 4 M 100.009 

*No tracei were found with tho blow pij-e. 

The mattes and the black copper are re- 
sults of the treatment of copper ores with the 
tellurium ores of Colorado. In the laboratory 
no traces of white fumes were shown on char- 
coal, but when the metal in the furnace was sub- 
jected to the process of "dry roasting," us was 
unintentionally done, very dense white fumes 
were given off. When refined and east into cake, 
it had the ordinary appearance of cake copper. It 
was then reheated for rolling in the ordinary 
way, showing no signs of impurity. At the first 
pass in the rolls, very fine cracks showed them- 
selves, which opened in succeeding passes. At 
a thickness of about 0.03 meter the cracks on 
either side nearly penetrated the cake, and at 
1 i 0.008 meter it began to fall to pieces. It 
was heated and rolled at different temperatures, 
but always with the same result. 

When cold the metal is tough and malleable. 
Although the cakes in the molds showed no 
coating, when they were heated repeatedly and 
allowed to cool in the air they became covered 
witha white powder, which proved to be the oxide 
of tellurium. The copper, as it comes from the 
cake molds, has every appearance of being good 

This i3 the first time, so far as I know, that 
the presence of tellurium has been detected in 
commercial copper. But very little of it is re- 
moved in the treatment, as the four analyses 

It is surprising how very small a quantity 
renders the copper red short, and consequently 
worthless for rolling. 

The following rates of passage have been 
adopted over the Southern Pacific .Railroad from 
San Francisco, via El Paso, San Antonio and 
Houston, to New Orleans: For first-class tick- 
ets with stop-over privileges, $98.50; second- 
class tickets for a continuous trip, $80; third- 
class tickets for a continuous trip, $55. The 
following-named rates are now in effect for pas 
sage by rail from New Orleans, La., to New 
York City, N. Y. : For first-class tickets, un- 
limited, according to route, 853.50 to $45.35; 
first-class tickets, limited and for continuous 
trip, all routes, $38; second-class tickets, lim- 
ited and for continuous trip, all routes, $32.25; 
third-class tickets, limited and for continuous 
trip, all routes, $24.50. 

UNDERf:uorND Telephone Wires. — The En- 
ll'tiiri rhi'j and Milling Journal says that "there 
is a good deal of unreasoning agitation in regard 
to putting telephone wires underground, and the 
legitimate and feasible plan of subterranean tele- 
graph cables, at least in cities, is assumed, with- 
out any knowledge of the facts, to be applicable 
to telephone wires also. We are assured by 
practical electricians of high authority that it is 
impossible to work underground telephone lines 
under the conditions prevailing in our large 
cities, and any steps to secure by "legislation the 
removal of the wires from our streets should, so 
far as they affect telephone lines, be preceded 
by an inquiry whether or not it is at all pos- 

Suicide. — Seventy-two persons committed 
suicide in San Francisco in 1882, from these 
causes: Intemperance, 22; poverty, 15; tem- 
porary insanity, 11; financial embarassment, in- 
curable disease, physical suffering, six each; do- 
mestic trouble and fear of arrest for crime, three 
each; business disappointment and disappoint- 
ment in love, two each; jealousy, one. 

The Mint at San Francisco is the largest in 
the world — twice as large as the one in Phila- 
delphia, and three times the size of any in Eu- 
rope, having $24,000,000 worth of coin and bul- 
lion stored away in its vaults. 

l.iMiMM-i Paint, liahuain. in his luminous 
paint, succeeded in obtaining a composition that 
was a great advance on that oi Canton and Be- 
eyurel. He combined it with a varnish that re- 
Diospherical influence, and despite many 
attempts in the same line, this process has not 
been surpassed. The great difficulty in making 
lors i* to have the exact chemical pro- 
portions. There must also be auexcitant ran 
light, or electric or magnesium light. Water 
Sect "ii it, and the luminous paint pro- 
duces the aame COloi*, UO matter what may lie 
the color of the light employed for charging it, 
only it becomes w biter alter a time, i Ihlonne, 
muriatic acid and nitric acid destroy the lu- 
minous power, and iron and lead substances in- 
terrupt it. If this property could be applied to 
Colon it would lie of great practical value, but 

it would depend upon two questions being 
Bolved: Whether .such preparations would re- 
tain this luminousness, and for what length of 
linn : and secondly, whether the luminosity 
could be preserved when mixed with an adjunct 

for painting purposes'.' in this case linseed oil 

varnish would be necessary for objects exposed 
to the air. and the preparation would lie ex- 
posed to the effects of the air like any white oil 
color, not to mention that the varnish would 
turn yellow and gradually destroy the luminous 
force. A firm in Dresden is said to produce a 
pure white luminous paint. There is, doubt- 
less, a large field for inventors.- Oil and Paint 

L'- <■'/. ir. 

Printing on Wood.-— A machine for printing 

box sides and ends, instead of stenciling, and 
doing the work ten times faster than can be 
done by hand, has been patented by Connell & 
Dengler, of Rochester, N. Y. It lias the ad- 
vantage of printing in a very rapid and clear 
manner all cards or trade marks much more 
perfectly than can be done by hand, thereby 
rendering it of great importance to the mer- 
chant or manufacturer. The type or form is 
east in brass, and secured in such a manner that 
it can be easily and rapidly adjusted to print 
upon the board at the proper time. The ink- 
ing rollers can be instantly raised from the type 
to prevent inking when the machine is not fed 
with boards, It will print boards varying 
from J to U inches iu thickness, and at the 
rate of 1,500 to 2,000 impressions per hour. 
The boards or sides of boxes are introduced to 
the machine in quantities of ten to twenty 
pieces at a time, and the bottom piece of the 
pile is fed by a reciprocating bar to its proper 
place in order to receive the impression at the 
proper time, the boards above dropping down 
to be fed in like manner until all are printed. 

Edge Tools. — There are many times when it la 
very defiireble to have the edge of a tool preserved, 

as in the ease of boring a Cylinder, milling-eut- 

■ r cutters and similar standard tools, but 

I think it iu:i\ be safely said that there are not 

half enough grindstones worn out in any machine 

shop. Then an oilstone is a g 1 thing. Many 

suppose an oilstone is only intend, d fol 
tersand pattern-makers, but 1 find a turning 
tool will hold an edge much longer it nicel) 
whittrd, ami besides, \\ilt do a better job. 
Every lathe should have an oilstone. 

Tm longest lin< of fence in the world will be 
fence extending from the Indian Ter- 
ritory west across the Texas Pan-Handle, and 
35 miles into New Mexico. We are int.. mud 

that 85 mil) B Of this fence is already under eon- 
tract. Its course will be in the line of the 
Canadian river, and its purpose is to stop the 

drift of the Northern cattle. It is a bold and 
splendid enterprise, and will pay a large per- 
centage on the investment. The fence will be 
over 300 miles long. 

Brickmaxdjg Without Bakin<;. Equal 
parts of hydraulic lime, sand and scoria are 
pounded and then mixed, being made into a 
paste by the addition of water. This paste is 
submitted to strong pressure in molds, and af- 
terward hardened in cold water. The bricks, 
therefore, it will be seen, consist of hydraulic 

Americas and English House-Building.— 
The editor of the Builder and Woodworker 
says : The modern London house is a surprise 
to Americans. If one take the pains to go 
through 500 or 000 South Kensington houses, 
all built within the last two years, vacant, and 
kept in stock for future buyers, he will not 
take kindly to the way in which English me- 
chanics do their work. Floors are badly laid; 
strange to say, there is a general 
shrinkage in the wood-work, indicating 
the use of unseasoned lumber, and the 
hardware is of a quality tha 1- . is never used 
ii this country, except in houses of a very cheap 
class. The English builder seems to think that 
almost any kind of hardware will answer, so he 
uses locks that in six months or a year are a 
source of constant vexation. To make matters 
worse, the work of adjusting hardwa»e to its 
place is badly done; doubtless the result of 
piece-work at low prices. These remarks apply 
to houses that are held at a valuation of §100,- 
000, and on leased ground, and the writer does 
not speak from hearsay, but from observation. 

Tempering Locomotive Springs. — In re- 
gard to the correct method of tempering locomo- 
tive springs, a contemporary says: I will give 
a recipe, and one that has been tested and is 
now in use in a number of railroad shops. The 
materials to be used are as follows: Eight 
ounces gum Arabic, four ounces oxalic acid, two 
pounds fine salt, two and one-half pounds brown 
sugar and 15 gallons whale oil. Heat the leaves 
of the spring red hot, but not so as to burn or 
overheat. Plunge into the mixture and let lay 
until cool. In using the above mixture it will 
have to be employed in an iron tank. The best 
method for testing a spring is to'put it under a 
locomotive and let it be used practically. IT it 
is not tempered properly it will soon show evi- 
dence of it. 

Sawdust Instead op Hair. — It is said that 
sawdust is better than hair in protecting rough 
cast from peeling and scaling under the influ- 
ence of frost and weather. The sawdust should 
be first dried and then thoroughly sifted, in or- 
der to remove the coarser particles. A mixture 
is then made of two parts of sawdust, five parts 
sharp sand and one part cement, which should 
be thoroughly stirred together and then incor- 
porated with two parts of lime. 

To Preserve Hickory Timber. — The Hub 
says that a thorough dosing of hickory timber 
with raw turpentine is a preventive of the rav- 
ages of worms, and one of its correspondents 
says that this will destroy worms already at 
work in the timber. Carriage makers whose 
valuable stocks of hickory are being injured by 
pests will find this worth a trial, at any rate. 

KooD Health, 

A Marvel of Surgery. 

The Philadelphia Record relates the following 
remarkable case of surgery, iu which a man has 
been breathing for five years through an open- 
ing in his throat. We quote as follows : The 
students in the Hospital of Oral Surgery, at 
Tenth and Arch streets, were shown a patient 
at Saturday's clinic whose throat had been cut 
from ear to ear, and who had then been hanged 
by the neck, but still survived his injuries. He 
breathes through a silver tube in the throat, and 
for six months was nourished entirely by ene- 

The man's name is Simon Ladenski, a native 
of Fvoumania. In the winter of 1877— he then 
being 23 years old — Ladenski was one of a party 
of 10 men whose throats were cut by a band of 
gypsy robbers on the road from Varsloe. La- 
denski was not killed, and on regaining con- 
sciousness and finding the robbers quarreling 
over the division of the plunder, he attempted 
to crawl into some bushes by the wayside. Be- 
ing detected, he was strung up to a tree by the 
neck, and when again unconscious he was let 
down and thrown among the bodies of his com- 
panions, but not until he had been stabbed in 
the abdomen and cut in the cheek. Two days 
later the bodies were found by Prof. Russ, of 
Jassy, and Ladenski and a companion who was 
still alive were removed to town. The latter 
soon died, and then Prof. Russ removed his pa- 
tient to Vienna. There Ladenski was placed 
under the care of the most eminent Austrian 
surgeons. It was found that the windpipe was 
closed, and for two years the man was unable 
to utter a word. He breathed through an open- 
ing in the neck, After many efforts a large 
threaded needle was passed up through the 
trachea and into the mouth. Small beads were 
order to effect a permanent enlargement of the 
obstruction. The man is still obliged to prac- 
tice this device, and wears the instument in his 
windpipe during the night, being able to breathe 
when in an upright position without aid. He 
has been examined by the leading surgeons of 
Berlin, Paris and London, and it is expected 
that some day it will be possible to close up the 
opening in the throat. 

Face Ache. 

Half the human race perishes before its time 
for the want of a little knowledge of the rules 
that govern health. The beginnings, the nuclei, 
are few, from which radiates the hosts of dis- 
eases that afflict mankind. It is important, 
therefore, that everyone should know what mis- 
chief may come from neglect of things seemingly 
trivial. As an example, let us trace the possi- 
bilities connected with that very painful, but 
very common ailment, toothache. The intense 
pain is caused either from an inflamed condition 
of the membrane that lines the tooth socket, the 
tooth being sound, or else from decay in the 
tooth itself, which has extended to the nerve. In 
either case we have inflammation of the mem- 
branes and nerves that are encased in unyield- 
ing channels of bone; hence the severe pain, 
followed by death and decay of the parts af- 
fected. While it would, as a rule, be unwise 
to resort to radical means to cure the trouble 
during the inflammatory stage, it is positively 
unsafe to neglect those means when the pain and 
irritation have subsided, for the truce is usually 
but temporary. If the decay extends to the 
surface of the tooth, the cavity forms a sort of 
safety valve for the escape of the dead matter, 
thus postponing or preventing more serious 
symptoms. But if the teeth are apparently 
sound, and there is neuralgia of the face, head, 
neck or shoulders, it is certain that the teeth 
are not sound, and that an expert dentist will 
find minute cavities extending from the crowns 
to the fangs of some of the teeth, or else ulcer- 
ative points at the extremities of the fangs 
themselves. The remedy, of course, is to prop- 
erly fill every cavity, being careful to make a 

minute examination, so as to miss none. In all 
recent eases this is a radieal cure. Should th 
course tail, it is certain thediBt as- baa extended 

beyond the reach of that remedy, and however 

Bound appears the offending tooth, it must be 

removed, and the removal of teeth must con- 
tinue until they are all gone, if found necessary 

tO check the neuralgia. There are. unfortunately, 

neglected cases where these methods are an 

availing, and where the Burgeon follows the dis- 
ease to the cavities of the jaws, sawing through 
the bone and taking out the dead portiOD of the 
nerve; and still there are depths beyond the 
reach of human skill, where the sufferer writhes 

in pain until death COmes fcohis relief; for a dis 

eased tooth may be the beginning of fatal ner- 
vous diseases, and of dyspepsia and blood poison- 
ing. We trust this article will be carefully 
read, for it points Out the cause and the remedy 
for a class of diseases that produce more intense 

suffering in the world than all other diseases 
combined.- Journal of Ihuitlt. 

Long Life. 

The subject of longevity is always one of 
great interest to everybody. "Live forever" is 
a favorite salutation in some countries. In thu 
old times people found great delight in imagin- 
ing their heroes gifted with continual life and 
unfading bloom of youth. With w hat breath- 
less interest one follows Ponce de Leon as he 
plunges into the wild forests of Florida in the 
fruitless search for the fabled fountain. With 
the advance of civilization and the scientific 
study of disease and medicine and the better 
understanding of sanitary conditions and laws, 
there has been a steady increase iu the average 
life of the individual. Governments are study- 
ing how best to promote length of life. Those 
who lead sober, peaceful lives, free from all great 
troubles and strong excitements, arc surest of 
the coveted length of days. 

Some time ago the French Government sent a 
circular letter to all the districts of that country 
to collect information as to those conditions of 
life which seemed to favor longevity. The re 
plies were very interesting, but on the whole 
rather monotonous; the general result was that 
longevity is promoted by great sobriety, regular 
labor, especially in the open air, absence of ex- 
cessive fatigue, easy hours, freedom from gall- 
ing poverty, a philosophical mind in meeting 
troubles, not too much intellect, and a domestic 
life. The value of marriage was universally 
admitted, and long-lived parents were also 
found an important factor. A healthy climate 
and good water were mentioned. All this 
agrees with common sense, unless the idea that 
the intellect is a hindrance to longevity be con- 
sidered unreasonable, and we know that some 
of the most intellectual men have lived to a 
great age. 

Interesting researches concerning the com- 
parative longevity of men and women in Europe 
have recently been made by the Director of the 
Bureau of Statistics at Vienna. From these it 
appears that about a third more women than 
men reach advanced age. This seems corrob- 
orative of what was said above. Women oftener 
than men lead quiet, regular lives. They have 
fewer bad habits; are less exposed to strong 
passions and excitement. — Potter's Monthly, 

Value of Asses' Milk for Children. 

In the Paris Academy of Medicine, M. Parrot 
has recently called attention to some remark- 
able results obtained in the Hospital des En* 
fants-Assistes of Paris in feeding delicate in- 
fants with asses' milk. Many of the infants in 
that hospital have diseases which forbid their 
being suckled by nurses (whom they would soon 
infect). Hence, the feeding bottle was formerly 
used for them; but, spite of great care, the en- 
deavor to foster the small vital force of these 
children was of little avail. Direct application 
to the udder of an animal was then tried. At 
first the infants were thus fed with goats' milk, 
but it was soon found that asses' milk was 
greatly preferable, and all arc now fed with 
that, one, two, sometimes three infants being 
held to the animal's udder at once. The nurses 
do this with great ease. During six months 
eighty-six infants having congenital and con- 
tagious diseases have been treated in the hos- 
pital nursery. Of the first six, fed with cows' 
milk on feeding bottles, only one was cured. 
Of forty-two fed at the goat's udder eight were 
cured, while thirty-four died. Of thirty-eight 
fed at. the asses' udder, twenty-eight have been 
cured, while six have died. 

The virtues of asses' milk have been ap- 
preciated some time in France. For many 
years Paris and the large towns have been vis- 
ited every morning with troops of she asses, 
brought in to supply their milk for invalids. It 
is said the use of the milk was introduced by 
Francis I., who, reduced to a very weak state 
and a despair to physicians, was induced by a 
Jew from Constantinople to take asses' milk, 
and thereby got well again. This milk has 
much less of plastic matters and butter than 
goats' or cows' milk, and is easily digested. M. 
Parrot notices the practical advantage in the 
case of suckling from the ass, in that the an- 
imal is so easily fed; it is content with the poor- 
est fodder. The goat suffers from a diet that 
lacks variety, and in the city its milk is not 
what it is in the country. The asses kept at 
the hospital referred to are in stables adjoining 
a field, in which they generally pass part of 
the day. It may be mentioned, in fine, that 
weekly statistics for Paris have lately presented 
the unwonted fact of an excess of 200 and 240 
births over the deaths. — London- Times, 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 27, 1883 


DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 

OJice, BBS MarUt St., JV\ E. corner Front St. 
SW Take the Elevator, No. IS Front St. T» 

W. B. EWER SBMOK Editor. 

Addrebb editorials and business letters to the film. 
Individuals are liable to be absent. 

Subscription and AdvertleinglBates. 
SuBsCRiraous-Six months, 32.25; 1 year, $4, payable 
in advance. 
AnvBRMsnttlu™. Iweek. 1 month. S- I*™ 

g»««.*S S. : S i2:SS 1S:88 

in extraordinary type or in particular parts ■ of th paper, 
at special rates. Fo ur insertions are rated in a month. 

Our latest forms go to press Thursday evening. 

BSMBED at S. 5. PosiormoK as Second Ciasb Mattes 

The Scientific Press Patent Agency. 
DEWEY & Co., Patent Solicitors. 

A. T. PEWEY. TV- »■ EWER. °- H. STBOSG. 

Saturday Morning, Jan. 27, 1883- 

Manufacture of Engines. 

A new establishment for the manufacture of 
vertical and horizontal engines and boilers has 
been recently opened in this city at 44 First 
street, of which F. G. Beckett is the proprietor. 
Mr. Beckett has made the manufacture of steam 
engines and boilers a specialty for many years, dur- 
ing that time building upwards of 1,000. Mr. 
Beckett has been on this coast some six or seven 
years, but before that he had extensive works 
at Hamilton, Ontario, where they built on an 
average an engine a day. Thinking there was a 

the bearings are made of extra length. The 
valve rods work in substantial guides. The 
balance wheels are of ample size and weight, 
and are turned true for driving belt. The boil- 
ers and engines are all tested and set to work 
before leaving the works. Vertical engines alone 
from 2 to 50 horse-power are made, and vertical 
engines and boilers combined from two to 24 

Mr. Beckett also makes a specialty of horizon- 
tal engines of the type illustrated by the accom- 
panying engraving. The engines are built in a 
substantial manner on a massive solid box frame. 

Driver's Patent Mortising Machine. 

The accompanying engraving represents anew 
kind of mortising machine which will do a great 
amount of work in a short time, and leave the 
mortise cleaned. The cutter is an endless chain 
with teeth like a saw, and is made to run over 
a grooved slide and 'roller. The middle link 
projects at the back so as to fit in the groove, 
and is driven by a chain-wheel at the end of the 
driving shaft. This driving shaft is provided 
with a loose pulley and friction clutch so ar- 
ranged that when the treadle is pressed down 


trnTTOMALS —Locke's Improved Lead Smelting 
P nrnacV- Our New Dress; The Tehichepa Disaster, 49 
faS Events; Manufacture of Engines; Driver's Pat- 
en MorS s Machine, 56. Centering the Transit ,m 
Mining Shafts, 57. Mines and Mining in 1882, 57 -b^- 
Stents and Inventions; Notices of Recent Patents 68. 
ttt TITRATIONS —The Locke Patent Lead Smelt- 
J ^ !™at, °a Beckett's Improved Horizontal 
Eneine- Driver's Improved Mortising Machine, 56. 
fmproved Apparatus to Center the Transit by Screws 

CORRESPONDENCE.-The Black Sand Question; 

Notes from Eureka, Nevada, 50. . 


Fracture; Iron Rust as a Cement; Shop Practice 51. 
SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS.-Practical Application 
of the Lenkoecope; Bisulphide Carton Lenses; Gum 
Arabic in Certain Chemical Reactions: Poteline, Cheap- 
ened Aluminum; A Curious Phenomenon; Soap Manu- 

MI^INcfsTOCK MABKET.-Sales at the San 
Francisco Stock Board, Notices of Assessments, Meet- 
in^s and Dividends 52. . ,. 

MTN1TNG SUMMARY— From the various counties 
of ciu5 nia.NevaS. Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Mon- 
tana, New Mexico, Oregon and Utah, 52-d. 

Printing on Wood; American and English House-Build- 
ing; Tempering Locomotive Springe; Sawdust Instead 
of Hair; To Preserve Hickory Timber; Edge Tools; 
Brickmaking without Baking, 55. 

GOOD HEALTH.— A Marvel of Surgery; Face Ache, 
Long Life; Value of Asses' Milk for Children, 55. _ 

MISCELLANEOUS.-Wooden Water Pipe; Mining 
LaWB, 50 Substances Used in Amalgamating; Plum- 
bago; Bad Mining Management; New Method of Separa- 
ting Minerals; Some Reactions of Titanium, 04. 
Tellurium in Copper, 55. 

NEWS IN BRIEF— On page 65 and other pages. 


more extended field in this State than in Canada, 
he came to this coast. He first spent a year or 
two in the mines to obtain a knowledge of the 
■ecruirements of mining machinery, and has since 
been employed in the large foundries in this 

He has just started the manufacture of hori- 
zontal and vertical engines and boilers, claiming 
for them beauty of design, neatness of work- 

The cranks are turned and balanced. The 
piston and valve rods, crosshead and crank 
pins are made of the best machinery steel. The 
crosshead is fitted with brass gibs, with a very 
large area of wearing surface. The valve is a 
plain slide valve having extra large wearing 
surface at the bottom end, the valve rod being 
carried in a substantial guide. The balance 
wheels are turned and bored perfectly true, 

Business Announcements. 

Woodworking Machinery— Parke & Lacy, S. F. 
Machinery— Thomas F. Rowland, Brooklyn, N. ^. 
Abel Stearns Ranchos— A. Robinson, S. F. 
Turbine Pumps— S»n Francisco Tool Company. 
Engines and Boilers— W. H. Ohmen, S. F. _ 
Inventore' Institute of California— San Francisco. 
Dividend Notiee— Bulwer Con. M. Co , S. F. 
Stock Dividend— Gila Silver Mining Comp any. 

Passing Events. 

During the past week we have had a succes- 
sion of accidents, attendant with loss of life, 
phenomenal as occurring in so short a space of 
time. The dreadful accident on the Southern 
Pacific railroad, where the train went rushing 
down the grade, carrying with it to death a num- 
ber of helpless passengers, was the first of these. 
Then we read of the wreck of the Cimbria and 
some 450 passengers drowned. Then came the 
Giant Powder explosion at the works across the 
bay, when a number of Chinese and one white 
men were killed. All these accidents occurring 
so soon after the fatal hotel fire in Milwaukee 
have made nervous people apprehensive. 

"We publish this week a very complete and 
full review of the mining interests in 18S2, 
giving figures of yield from the different sections, 
and statistics and dates of value for future ref- 

Attention is also called to our new dress of 
reading type, which much improves the appear- 
ance of the Press. 

A store at Gold Mountain, Nev. , was robbed 
on Thursday or Friday last by mounted and 
masked men. The proprietor and two clerks 
Were killed. The road agents then proceeded 
on their way to the store at Silver Peak, which 
was also robbed by them, the proprietor and 
one clerk being killed. Two of the robbers 
were also killed, 


the clutch is thrown in and the chain set in mo- 
tion. At the same time the table where the 
material to be mortised is placed is raised to 
the cutter or chain so that the chain is only in 
motion while doing the work. 

There is also a chip breaker that holds the 
stuff firm while it is being mortised and re- 
leases it when the treadle is up. The chains 
are kept tight with a screw and spring at the 
top, and by loosening the screw the chain may 
be easily taken off. The machine is provided 
with all the standard sizes of cutters. The 
table is so arranged that it may be set in any 
desired position. The machine makeB a clean 
mortise, as it takes out the cores at the same 
time, and the inventor claims that it will do at 
least twice as much work as any other machine. 
He states also that it will not split the most 
delicate or cross-grained wood, and will go 
through knotB without breaking them out or 
injuring the cutters. 

This machine is specially adapted for mortis- 
ing redwood doors such as are being made in 
large quantities for South Aineiica and Mexico. 
With the hub attachment it is excellent for 
wagon work, as it will mortise hard wood with- 
out boring. 

The machine is of such capacity that it will 
make a mortise as small as a quarter inch by a 
half inch. Any length of mortise can be made 
by moving the work and making several cuts. 

The machine is made in a neat and substantial 
manner, every part being fitted in the best way 
and nothing but the best material used. The 
cutter goes through the material with one cut* 
so there is no need of turning it over. John 
Driver, of San Leandro, is the inventor and man- 
ufacturer of this mortising machine. 


manship, cheapness, durability and economy in 
working. The vertical engines and boilers are 
connected together on a substantial iron base 

ready for the driving belt, and are of ample 
weight for all purposes. The outboard bearing 
supplied with a separate sole plate, and the 

occupying little space, and may be easily engines are complete with governor ready to 

mounted upon wheels, rendering them well 

adapted for agricultural purposes, or they can 

be placed with perfect safety on a boarded floor, 

the insurance companies making no extra charge 

for their use. They are very simple in their 

construction, and can be run with safety by 

persons of ordinary intelligence. The combined 

engines and boilers (except the two and three 

horse-powers), are all supplied with heaters. 

The working parts, such as the piston rod, valve 

rod, crosshead pin, etc. , are made of steel, and 

connect to the boiler. Duplicates of all work 
mg parts kept on hand. This style of engine 
is made from 10 to 90 horse-power. In addi- 
tion to these specialties, Mr. Beckett is prepared 
to manufacture engines for steam yachts and 
launches, hoisting engines, donkey engines; 
pumping and irrigating engines, etc. 

The Western Union Telegraph Co. , after long 
consideration, has taken an important step in 
the direction of putting all its wires in New 
York under ground. 

Powder Explosion. — An explosion occurred 
at the Giant Powder Works, Fleming's Point, 
Alameda county, on Sunday, by which 25 Chi- 
namen and one white man met their death. 
The cause of theexplosionisnot known, as all who 
were iu the house when the first one occurred 
were killed. There were seven distinct explo- 
sions, with a short time elapsing between each, 
the explosions occurring in different isolated 
buildings. The circumstances overthrow some 
of the preconceived notions about this powders, 
the separate explosions being contrary to gen- 
eral theory. The large magazine, hi which were 
many tons of powder, remained intact. 

Mrs. Theodore Tilton recently sought and 
found employment as a nurse in a Brooklyn 
sick room. 

January 27, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 

Centering the Transit in Mining Shafts. 

ings -.ii this page illustrate u im- 
proved apparatus for centering the b 
mining drafts bj tni I he prim i 

pie "f the apparatu ibed 

in the Mini s« and Scuktifk Praia 
■ itu yean ago; bul the details have 
! < ii unproved on by the in- 
ventor, Ernest Koch, ol Sutro, St 

ii. I e, and the iron 
the apparatus is well tight 
ened against the roof and bottom "t 
the drift, similar to the niethod 
adopted in machine drilling. The arm 
</ will slide up -nil! dow ii on the bar a, 
and is well secured on the bar a bj a 

Tin- 1h»\ .", od which the transit is 

i slides "ii the arm -/. being 

moved bj b screw n, i sliding stair I 

ing it. The transit 

can U turned around the bar a bj 

i . « , and can be centered by 

means of the screws w and n under the 


li. light 4 may be *Yul up and 

down and turned on the bar a, a ring 

row y, Fig, 1 is a si. !<■ view; 

■ top \ iefl ; fig. ■" i-s the appa- 

.i Uy constri 

The ini|>i"\ ementa in this apparatus 

■ facilitate the putting up of the 
transit as in timber or in rock, and 
particularly in inclines and shafts so 
it will be steady. 

The apparatus i- ■ ery useful in 
badly ventilated and hot mines. Be 
fore the connection of the Sutro Tun- 
nel with the Comstock mines, when 
the tunnel was in over 1,000 ft., there 
was very hot and bad air, ami Mr. 
Koch and his assistant fainted several 
times in surveying the tunnel line at 
the time Mr, Koch perfected the ap- 
paratus for centering the transit. 

The correctness of the apparatus 
was perfect, and tin' inventor writes 
us when the tunnel connection* was 
made and the air was pumped, the 
daylight of the tunnel entrance was 

■ i distance of 20,000 ft. 
Mr. Koch has used his apparatus 

with success to survey with the level- 
ing instrument during the excavation 
of the sub-drain to carry the hot water 
of the Comstock mines through the 
tunnel. A thousand miners were at 
work completing the sub-drain for the 
'2,000-ft. during 90 days, and Mr. 
Koch was compelled to survey the 
grade and not interfere with the 
working men. By the use of the appa- 
ratus it is very easy to change the 
bight <>f the leveling instrument. 

ScLFiirn Mikes. -Superintendent Rhodes b 
actively working the Humboldt sulphur mine, 
(STov. Tiiry have a deposit tinstone. 

All they have to ■'.. i> t<. blast it out. Bach 

brimsl "ii lire, l.ut tin .■> are 


Ward. — Tile gratifying new 
Ward that the outlook <>f that camp is v< 
fearing. The Martin Whit, mill Btarted up about 
the 10th inst There air 60 men employed in 
the mine and about .'{" in the mill. Nearly 

Continuity of Dividends. — Con- 
tinuity of dividends for any length- 
ened period is not a characteristic of 
American mines. Dividend mines are 
not plentiful. The few that come 
under that head arc oftener managed 
more with a view of making money 
out of the variation in the value of 
the stock; rather than out of the divi- 
dends. Hence the mine is worked to 
make big dividends for short periods, 
instead of small dividends for long 
periods. This is done by selecting 
ore of high grade for the mills, leav- 
ing the low grade to be worked to 
depress the stock and get it back. 
An honest management will not let a 
good body of ore become exhausted 
before prospecting for another, but 
will judiciously use the resources of 
the mine in its period of prosperity. 

Asskssm k\t Work and Patents. — 
The Commissioner of the General 
Land Office says : L. J. Webster, "T 9 " 
San Francisco, Cal., Sir: I am in 
receipt of your letter of September 6, 188*2 

FIG. S. 

FIG. 3. 

ing whether, after purchase money paid and 
Receiver's receipt issued, it will be necessary to 
continue annual expenditures until issuance of 
patent. In reply you are advised that no 
annual assessment work need be done after 
final entry is made. 


ask- ! prepared for this, and after a shot is fired they 
at once advance and throw water upon the burn- 
ing mineral. 

The Quicksilver mines at Steamboat Springs, 
Nev., sometimes called, the Humbert mine, has 
been sold for $2,013 to satisfy a judgment. 

everybody has something to do, idle men being 
very scarce. The mill reduces from 50 to 55 
tons per day. It has 20 stamps, and the ore is 
roasted. The ore goes on an average from $1*20 
to §150 per ton. 

The thermometer at Butte, Montana, re 
corded 61° below zero on Saturday. 

Mines and Mining in 1882. 

A Review of the Work of the Year. 
Since the year 1*77, when the great Comstock 
I... nan/, i- were yielding their millions, we hav e 
not had so productive a year from the 
mines of the United States as thai of 
1882. The total yield last war was 
$92,41 1,835, which, compared with 
1881, when it was $84,604,417, bIiows 

ii -ain ofnearly SS.lHMl.tHHi. It must 

In remembered, also, that 1881 was 
the best year in 10 or 12, except the 
memorable yean 1876 and 1877j when 
we win- producing in the nineties. 
The main increase this year comes 
from ( lolorado, Cdaho, Montana, 
Utah and New Mexico, in all of 
which regions man} mra mines have 

In e i opened. 

Until a few years ago California 
and Nevada overshadowed all the 
other mining regions of the United 
states. Then, when the I lomstock 
bonanzas were exhausted in Nevada 
and the Leadville discoveries in Col- 
orado were developed, the latter State 
took the lead. California still being 
second and Nevada third. 

One thing should be recollected in 
this connection that is often forgot- 
ten: What may be a big develop- 
ment in a new region might not be 
considered so in an old one. When 
a lot of men are prospecting a claim 
and good ore is struck in a new camp, 
— the fact is heralded abroad as one of 
great importance, and considerable 
attention is paid fco it as auguring suc- 
cess for the camp in the future. The 
inference is that most of the other 
mines near by are just as good. But 
when the end of the year comes and 
the results are figured up, perhaps 
some quiet old camp has far exceeded 
the yield of the new and "boomed" 

Fur instance, a good many people 
imagine that California and Nevada 
are played out for mining, and that 
the mining industry is dead in both 
States. Yet at the end of every year 
these "played out" regions show a net 
product ahead of all the other States 
and Territories except one. They 
have remained second and third for 
some few years. The other Territo- 
ries and States, much advertised and 
"boomed," with new mines, mills, re- 
duction works, towns, railroads and 
all sorts of things, make a great deal 
more noise about what they are doing 
than do the old. settled regions. Cal- 
ifornia, for instance, this year yielded 
six millions more than any other 
State or Territory except Nevada and 
Colorado. She beat Nevada 1,000,000 
and Arizona 7,000,000, and all the 
others run below her. And this in 
the face of a depression of her grand 
mining interests resulting from litiga- 
tion, which other regions are free 

Very little capital is coming to 
this State or Nevada, but a good deal 
is going elsewhere. The other re- 
gions will no doubt progress rap- 
idly, and it is hoped they will. But 
then people should remember that 
there are other places which are at 
work at mines, and doing good 
work too, as results show. 

A much broader region of mining 
ground has been prospected this year 
than ever before. Men have ranged 
over the mountains in every direc- 
tion, starting new camps here and 
there and everywhere. Railroads are 
being extended hi all directions, and 
the mining interests of the country 
being rapidly developed. 

In New Mexico, Idaho, Montana 
-» and Arizona considerable prospecting 
is going on. Colorado, Nevada, Cal 
ifornia and Utah are now at work developing 
their old ones. Taken all together the work 
has been very satisfactory everywhere. 
More people are now interested in mining 
pursuits than ever before, and people are 
commencing to, see that miners are not a set 
of stock gamblers. In fact, the operations at 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 27, 1883 

the Exchanges have fallen oft greatly, ami many 
stocks will probably never be dealt in to the 
extent they have formerly. 

The Bullion Product. 

We are indebted to Mr. John J. Valentine, 
Vice-President and General Superintendent of 
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express, for the following 
annual statement of precious metals produced in 
the States and Territories west of the Missouri 
fiver, including British Columbia (and receipts 
in San Francisco by express from the west coast 
of Mexico) during 1SS2, which shows aggregate 
products as follows: Gold, §30,193,355; silver, 
350,155,288; copper, §4,055,037; lead, $S,008,- 
15.3. Total gross result, $92,411,835. 

The increase of transportation facilities for 
carrying bullion, pig metal, ores, etc., has in- 
creased the difficulty of verifying the reports of 
products from several important localities; and 
the general tendency is to exaggeration when 
the actual values are not obtainable from authen- 
tic sources, but the aggregate result as shown 
herein, we think, may be relied on with reason- 
able confidence: 


= : 

^.w-iwo' ©went* 

co oj c.&r^ ; % OS_J-'_tO_CO 

"t-a"bt co o'to • oo o u» oa 

00OX*-O00- tCf^QW 

soiHCosoi; en 

Ui 'Ji H O ■!*■ - J- 

~c~o\ oo'o o <x> • 

— O *- to 1 -' ~ — ■ 

■j -i m o o o ■ 


o- as- it-ccooo- 


3 CO W «i OC CC W 

,-\s ic r. 'o'-~* © w to 

;> 00 ~J -q W CC ■*- cji ,©p"3 
jKitn 'muIjO'IOCC yt w .&. 

.-i — y. r a ~ c. co 

;. - - :■ 

: .~ '"'r 

The gross yield for 1882, shown above, segre- 
gated, is approximately as follows: 

Gold 32.67% §30,193,355 

Silver 54.27% 60.155,288 

Copper 4.39, r 





3 00 CO ~l ~J — J — 3 — 

C 00 TO -) [» C C * ~J * 

J co ©_© *- m tooo *■ 

~ - ooooV" 



L : :•: = 


* Sd 2. 


£ caSS 

ra re n O D Q. 

0Wc o*o2 

■"' - ~L 

p0OiOi_jt-O3Cn Oi 


00_M WW m w o_o p p o p o 
m co w Vj o'to "© "o "q'o'o a"© 


^_- t;i =_'.r_- c c =00000 


- i/ "i : o V. "*- ~^z to ;; 

o©<=>e» - 


*.° p° j° w *■ w 

O CO fft. "to"*-' W^J 
^-yiui-s^i/.' 00Ci0)O*]OCn 
H M SO Cippi_0O C5 p^OOQ 

wcz 0T0 o to co 1-1 *. bi'wb'o 

— ' - » ~. O C- r c ■-■: r » tf'j o O 
co o -x 10 o !■:■ 5i4-»« 01 o o 



-) O 


1 2 

2 5" 


5 s 



8 s 

The exports of silver during the present year 
to Japan, China, India, the Straits, etc. , have 
been as follows: From Southampton, $27 390 - 
000. From Venice, 89,095,000. From 'Mar- 
seilles, $S06,000. From San Francisco, $5,375 - 
000. Total, $43,260,000, as against. §27,000,000 
from the same places in 1881. 

San Francisco Mint Coinage. 
Coinage operations at the Mint in this city 
for the year 1882 were confined to gold coin 
and standard dollars, as follows: 

Double Eagles $24,176,000 

Eagles 2,820.000 

Hall Eagles 1,670.000 

Standard Dollars 9,250,000 

Total for 1SS2 887,915,000 

The largest amount of coinage for the year was 
in August, when $6,130,000 was made, includ- 
ing $5,180,000 in double eagles and $950,000 in 
standard dollars. The amount of standard 
dollars coined last year is $3,510,000 less than 
in 1881. This decrease is due to the inability to 
procure fine silver for the Mint here on as favor- 
able terms as at the other Mints. The total 
coinage for 18S1 was $41,845,000, and in 1880 it 
was $37,427,000. 

The descriptions of treasure shipped from 
San Francisco during the past two years are as 

1881. 1882 

Silver bars $3 539.050 $3,878,075 

Silver coin :... 183,252 104.260 

Mexican Dolla-s 2,210,459 2,404 630 

South American coin 21,900 12,600 

Gold coin 5,459,316 3,698,881 

Sovereigns 1,900 1654 

Gold dust 33,690 23.684 

Sold bullion 4,805 

Nickels 350 

Currency 424,263 354,010 

Totals 811,873,830 $10,383,839 

The markets which have taken the above 
treasure are appended: 

1881. 1882. 

Hongkong 83 718,001 $4,635,693 

Japan 1,425,851 830,608 

Calcutta 533,000 

England 19 700 

Germany 61,700 

Central America 251,688 

Hawaiian IslandB 139,186 

Mexico 2,000 

Apia 7,000 






Blue Wing 1 

Contention Con 11 

Copper Queen 7 

Grand Central 8 

Silver King 12 

Tombstone Mill 4 

Vizina Con 5 

Totals 48 

In 1881 54 


Christy 4 

Horn Silver 4 

Ontario , ...12 

Totals 20 

In 1881 20 


Dead wood-Terra 12 

Father de Smet. 9 

Homestake 12 

Totals 33 

In 1881 31 


Boston & Montana. . 

Hecla Con 


SI, 080,000 

$ 100,000 

Totals 16 

In 1881 26 

S 250,000 

Following is a compact statement of the fore- 
going dividends, and the number of mines con- 
tributing to the total: 


Arizona 7 

California 14 

Colorado 13 

Dakota 3 

Georgia 1 

Idaho 2 

Michigan 5 

Missouri 1 

Montana 3 

Nevada 8 

New Mexico 2 

Utah 3 

Mines. Div'ds. 


. 2 

New Yoik 

Totals $11,873,830 $10,383,839 

This is the smallest amount of treasure shipped 
from San Francisco in many years. In the first 
place, we are not receiving as much bullion from 
the mines as formerly. In the second place, the 
Mint is absorbing a larger percentage of what 
does come. In the third place, we are settling 
more of our balances abroad by the shipments of 
California produce and manufactures. Though 
the total for 1882 is $1,490,000 less than in 1881 , 
there was a small increase in the shipments of 
silver, as will be seen *by the following con- 
densed comparison: 

1S81 1882 

Silver $5,954,601 $6,400,455 

Gold 6.494,906 3,629,024 

Currency 424,263 354,360 

Totals $11,874,830 810,383,839 

It is better to coin up our gold and silver for 
domestic use than to ship it abroad for foreign 
Mints to use. In addition to the above, con- 
siderable coin has also been shipped through 
the mails. 


From such statistics as are attainable, it is 
exceedingly difficult to compile any figures about 
the dividends and assessments which convey a 
proper idea of the subject, There are so many 
thousands of mines worked in a private way 
that never publish any notices of such things, 
that such records as are accessible by no 
means give a complete view of the subject. We 
know in California, for instance, that there are 
several hundred mines scattered about the State 
which are paying their owners good profits, but 
no mention of the amounts is made. We only 
hear of the incorporated companies, and not of 
all of them. The Bulletin counts up 60 incor- 
porated companies only, though there must be 
many more than. that. From the tables compiled 
by that journal we take the follwing, showing 
the list of dividends paid by incorporated min- 
ing companies in 18S2: 


Company. Dividends. Amounts. 

Black Bear Quartz 4 § 31,500 

Bodie Con 4 100,000 

Bulwer Con 12 120,000 

Fresno Enterprise 1 10,000 

Great Western Quicksilver 1 12^500 

Idaho 12 224 750 

Marguerite 1 (j 250 

Napa Con. Quicksilver 9 90,000 

New York Hill 2 20 000 

Pleasant Valley 6 3o!oOO 

Plumas-Eureka. 2 50 800 

San FranciBco Copper 6 lr,[ooo 

Sierra Buttes 2 14100 

Standard Con 13 725,000 

Totals . 
In 1881.... 




















$1 2,868,150 





.. 75 

Evening Star 


La Plata 


... 7 
... G 

Smuggler Con 

United Gregory 

Warrior's Mark 

... 1 
... 1 



In 1881 


Alexander j 

BrlBtol '.'.'.'.'.'. 1 

Exchange ',',',' j 

Eureka Con \\\' t 4 

Indian Queen .',',' 7 

Navajo , 3 

Northern Belle ]][ 9 

Richmond Con.. ' ' ' 3 

Totals 29 

imssi ;; 6 6 

$1 449.900 

$ 30,000 


$ 100,000 

75 000 
25 625 

76 000 


Looking at the mining business as a whole, it 
is probably as legitimate, safe and profitable as 
any other industry. Full returns from every 
mine, were such a thing possible, would un- 
doubtedly show a good margin on the right side. 


It cannot be said that Califoi'nia has sjiecially 
distinguished herself this year, although she 
still maintains, as we have stated, second place 
in the list of bullion-producing States. She has 
been second ever since the big bonanzas of the 
Comstock placed Nevada No. 1. Now Colorado 
has displaced Nevada, and California takes Ne- 
vada's, still maintaining the position she has 
held so long. The litigation about the debrisfrom 
the hydraulic mines, to which we cannot refer 
fully, has had a depressing effect on our whole 
mining interest throughout the State. It has 
beenfearedthatlawsmight be passed which would 
infringe upon the laws and customs of miners 
to such a degree as to jeopardize the whole bus- 
iness and place the mining community at the 
mercy of any one wdio cared to go into litiga- 

This feeling has not only been experienced 
among the gravel miners, but among quartz 
miners as well. It was thought that should 
the anti-mining crowd once gain a foothold on 
the debris proposition the next thing to be done 
would be to attack the quartz interest. The 
mere existence of such ideas among the people 
has had the effect of destroying confidence in 
mining values and retarding development to a 
certain extent. Capital has been extremely 
loth to invest in mines in those regions where 
the debris question was pi-ominent, and proper- 
ties which elsewhere would be held at high 
rates, have gone begging for customers and lain 
idle for want of money to develop them. 

In view of these untoward and unfortunate 
circumstances it is to be wondered at that Cali- 
fornia has been able to do as well as she has. 
Her production has fallen off this year about 
two millions, but even then only one State out- 
does her. 

The^southern part of the State is now being 
better prospected than ever before. The hills 
and mountains each summer are ranged over by 
a searching, careful set of men, hunting for the 
slightest indication of mineral wealth. More- 
over, old prospects abandoned years ago, when 
tools, appliances, living and everything else was 
high, are now being examined by the owners, 
who think, with changed conditions, they can 
be made profitable. 

We have given the current news about the 
mines in this State each week in a fuller form 
than we have given that of other regions in our 
"Mining Summary." It is, therefore, scarcely 
necessary for us to go into very much detail, 
county by couuty, concerning the developments 
of the year. To do this properly, so as to do 
justice to all, would take more pages than we 
print in this large edition of the Press. Those 
of our readers who are interested in particular 
counties must have seen what we have given 
from tune to time, and a recapitulation would 
therefore be useless. We can only give the gen- 
eral conditions, and such statistics as are worthy 
of presentation. 

The Bodie Mines. 

The two principal mining counties of this 
State now are Mono and Nevada. Bodie dis- 
trict, Mono county, the camp which gives Mono 
its prominence, has not been so prosperous this 
year as before, but still ithas not done so badly. 
On an average, about 750 men have been em- 
ployed in the mills and mines, which number 
since the closing of the Noondays and Red I 

Cloud works in the first part of December has 
been reduced to about 500. The population of 
the town numbers in' the neighborhood of 3,000. 
One hundred and thirty-five stamps out of the 
139 have been constantly employed until the 
closing down referred to, and 95 are at the pres- 
ent time in motion. During 18S2 the bullion 
producers have been the Standard Con., Bodie 
Con. , Noonday, North Noonday, Bodie Tunnel, 
Syndicate, Boston Con., Wagner & Gillespie's 
tailings mill and from scattering sources. The 
Bodie Free Press gives quite an extended re- 
view of the production of the camp, from which 
we extract the following: 

The Standard has, as in previous years, taken 
the lead in production. A falling off is notice- 
able from that of 1881. This is due partially to 
the fact of the complete suspension of milling 
during the month of May, when the main shaft 
was undergoing repairs, and partially to a fall- 
ing off 111 the value of the ore. The Standard 
Company has milled since it commenced opera- 
tions 111 1S77 about a quarter of a million tons 
of ore, from which it has received $8,522,371.83 
or the remarkable average of a few cent's over 
$34 per ton. This is a wonderful average for 
such a vast quantity of ore. 

The production of the mine for two years 
past has been as follows: 

Go !d- Silver. Total 

1882 $1131,066.40.. ....$126,990 38 $1,528 05P80 

1881 1,952,726.38 17S.732.49 2,131,458.'87 

The total output of this mine has been as fol- 

18S2 . 

$ 784 522 80 
1,268 056 80 

Tolal $8,507,030.76 

The Bodie Con. mine has been worked steadily 
throughout the year, and its 10-stamp mill has 
been constantly employed. During the year 
$95,000 has been disbursed in dividends by the 
company, and extensive additions and improve- 
ments have been made to the machinery. Alto- 
gether, the Bodie has disbursed $1,295,000 in 

The production for the past two years has 
been as follows : 

Gold. Silver. Total. 

1882 8261.165 92 8219,724 56 $4S5 S90 48 

1881 251,140 14 114,665 00 386,105 14 

The total output of the mine has been as fol- 
lows : 

1881 . . 

. .$1 042,236 SO 
.. 764,067 12 
. . 429,817 80 
. . 366 105 14 

.. 484,890 48 

Total....... $3,037,117 34 

The Bodie mill usually crushes between 100 
and 110 tons per week, which would make the 
quantity of ore reduced during the year between 
5,000 and 5,500 tons. With a production of 
$484,S90.4S, this would make the net yield of 
the ore nearly $90 per ton. 

Next to the Standard and Bodie the Noonday 
and North Noonday mines, which have been 
worked by one management and through a com- 
mon shaft, have been the largest bullion pro- 
ducers. The ledge is exceedingly large and 
well defined, and has been followed to a vertical 
depth of nearly 900 feet. The ore milled has 
all been taken from above the 512-foot level. 
The following production of the Noondays has 
been gathered from various sources, but is be- 
lieved to be nearly correct: 





$36,532 29 
511,767 S.1 
244 000 00 
231,000 00 

Total $1,023,289 50 

The Bodie Tunnel has produced as follows: 
$10,628 81 

129.216 53 



Total $139,845 34 

The following is the output of the Syndicate 

1879. . . 


.... $12,310 18 

.... 24,709 75 

.... 134,706 30 

«sa 75.45S 29 

Total $247,250 52 

In addition to the mines above referred to, 

bullion has been produced in the quantities and 

from the sources referred to below: 


8 3 0.00 


Boston Con 

Wagner & Gillespie's tnilings mill. 
Scattering, placer, bullion, etc 

The total production of Bodie District in 1SS2 
was as follows: 

Standard Con. $1,258,056 80 

Bodie Con 434,890 48 

Noonday and North Noonday 231 C00 00 

Bodie Tunnel 129,'2Iti 53 

Syudicate 75.458 *9 

Boston Con 1,331 00 

Wagner & Gillespie's tailings mill 8,300 00 

Scattering, placer, bullion, etc 29,527 14 

Total .$2,2 17, 780 24 

This sum is considerably smaller than the 
yield of 1881, which was $3,172,749.71. 

The total bullion product of Bodie District 
has been as follows: 

1877 X 797.052 80 

1878 2,129.732 58 

1879 2.55G.S47 £8 

1880 - 3.063.CS9 13 

1881 3.172,749 71 

1882 2,217,780 24 

Total production to December 31, 1882 $13,937,832 04 

January 27, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


The following tables show tb« percentage of 
ad silver in the yean named: 

ILTB> IJ* 1383. 

Cr>|.] Bilrtr. 

.8 6 






91 50 
1 50 

59 41 

41 JO 








standard Cob ...«J iu3 

54 8 45 J 

Noooda) ..SO 
MouDday M 


i none! 33 4 


Bu^U^n Coo 86 

Sea', tot lD([ i»5 

is 1881. 
.. Id. Sllm 

Standard Con. ...91 4 

Bodto Cod 68.86 


No.b'»> 74.02 

Norm .V*.u<l»> 

BMhtolCba '-« » 



Standard Cod '.'J 

Vooodaj IBS 91 4* 




1 to 37 

Hyiidfcau- 81) 

Dudley 35 

log (buOul H 

.. ...| f ASH -n \ kii IN 




Bulwir Cun 


■ ■ :<3 

There is this to be rememhered concerning the 
-■ .i riia. The State Lb th< i tide >1 ol are known an the "mining States.* 1 The 
regioil hash er settled. There are roads 

ferywhere, and many small towns, set- 
mp mi .\ rj-y nook and corner 
■ •I the miningregion. Moreover, we are not con- 
Bned strictly to mining, but may farm and mine 
t.».. or 'I" both "ii the same land. The miners 
lied to live in an unsettled, half- 
civilized region, bat eon Uveas nun should in 
lays. Property rights are pretty well 
settled, title* are well founded and mines easj 
i commercial and manufacturing 
Supplies are easily procured, the best 
of machinery readily procurable, and in most 
places the mines con Ik- worked oil tire year 

In addition bo the quartz mines mentioned, 

nearly everj ulterior county in the State das its 

(marts properties, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, 

El Dorado, Inyo. San Bernardino and 

others boast of their g 1 mines, all of which 

are have mor ■ lees frequently mentioned dur- 
ing the year. The dividends for the year foot 
up $1,449,900 against $1,820,900 in 1881. This 
is only Irmn jm ■■ n poi a ted companies, During 
i 88 mines in 14 counties have levied 121 
mente, aggregating $1,547,467, aa against 
$2,237,850. A good many of the gravel claims 
have ! wed by litigation. 

\\ e have , l* o it Borne length of the Bodie 
mines, Mono Co , and stated that the Nevada 

COUnty minus, willi those of that enmity, Were 

the principal ones in the state. The following 
about Nevada county, from the foothill Tidings, 
is, to the point: No equal area in the world has 
produced more gold than has Nevada county, 
and do region known has the promise of an. 
equal mining permanency. The gold is found 
in both quartz ledges and gravel bedfl. Nevada 
and Grass Valley townships are the principal 
portions in which quartz mining is carried on. 
ESureka and Washington townships, further 
east and higher of altitude, than the two first 
named, have also many valuable quartz ledges. 

The mines in Grass Valley and Nevada town- 

ships have been, systematically worked and de- 
veloped for many yens; those of Washington 
and Kureka have received but little of the 
proper kind of attention. The Meadow Lake 
mines are idle now. Rough and Ready town- 
ship has many gold-bearing quartz ledges in its 
eastern portion, while in its west part are valu- 
able deposits of copper. The great gold gravel 
region of the county is in the townships of 
Bridgeport, Bloomfield, Eureka, Little York 
and Washington. These are of immense extent, 
and of incalculable richness. These beds are 
worked by the hydraulic process for the most part, 
and enormous values of gold are annually 
washed out of them. There are some gravel 
mines in Nevada. Grass Valley and Rough and 
Heady townships, but they are not extensive — 
excepting at Moony Flat and Rough and Ready, 
where is the extension of the famous gravel 
leads of Timbuetoo, Smartsville and Sucker 
Flat. The most famous of the present active 
quartz mines are the Idaho, New York Hill and 
Km pi re. These are dividend payers at the time 
of this writing. One of them, the Idaho, paid 
on the first Monday in December, 1882, its lfo'2d 
dividend. The mine has produced over $6,000,- 
000, and has kept in constant employment and 
and at three-dollars-a-day wages a large number 
of men. The Empire is the oldest of all the 
mines now working in this State, and it, as well 
as tiie Idaho, gives promise of indefinite continu- 
ance. The Allison ranch, North Star and some 
others that were celebrated as gold producers 
in times past will soon be worked again. Cheap 
water power for machinery will cause those 
mines to resume. A revival, or rather renewed 
impetus to mining is certain in the year 1883 
in the rich regions round about Grass Valley and 
Nevada City. 

All the other States and Territories are cred- 
ited with their production of copper and lead, 
but California is not. She produces no lead, 
but docs produce some copper. She produces, 
however, what no other region in the United 
States does, and that is, quicksilver. This year 
the State turned out over 50,000 flasks, each 
containing 70^ pounds of quicksilver, and worth 
on an average 35 cents a pound. 


During the past y< ntinn has been 

paid to tie iron resources of California 1 
before, and in Iron manufacture particularly Is 
vrr\ gratifying increase. The un- 
fortunate lire at tlie Clipper Gap were 
California Iron and - av« the infant 

iron industry a verj stbaok, but tin- 

works are being rebuilt. It is expected thai 
they will commence bout April 1st 

« itii act] nt consump- 

tion Of the State. This is something which has 

i looked forward t<>, and it is gratifying 
i i oob t hal th>' public ipii ited and pi ogi 
men who inaugurated these important works 
have every prospect of reaping an abundant re- 
ward, Dotwitfa the misfortune expe- 
rienced in tlir burning ol these works. The iron 
Bupei ior character that it m< sts 
a ready sale. When these works, with the Or- 
egon and I'u •. t Sound iui uaees, are all in opera- 
tion, this coast will produce u IftTgi prO] 0U 

of the iron for i1 own aae, \ we Euwe been 

pendent On other markets for our iron, 

this change is a very gratifying one. 

The private circular Of J, W. Harrison re 
< length the pig iron trade of San I'lan 

cisco for the past year. Spot tots have rarely 

been as low as the price for loading, though 

there has been n steadj decline in both through- 
out the year. About so per cent, of the iron 
melted here is known as Grlengaraock, and this 
has declined from $85 last January to $28 in De- 
cember. The Oswego furnaces in Oregon have 

passed into new hands, and Hie product here- 
after will be converted into steel and used 
mainly in Oregon. The OswegO furnaces this 
year sent aboul 3,200 tons of pig iron to San 

Francisco, which realized an average of $31 per 
ton. The imports here of all kinds for the past 
six years ami the highest and lowest prices for 
Glengarnock in each year will be found an- 


1877, per ton *32 50 

1878, " 31 CO 

1879, " 34 00 

1880, " 38 00 

1881, " 30 00 

18*2, " 85 00 

The average price for the six years is $29.70 
per ton, and the average imports have been 13,- 
279 tons. The imports for the past year are the 
largest in the history of the trade. The con- 
sumption was also larger than in any previous 
year, amounting to 20,159 tons. The stock on 
hand at the close is 8,108 tons, and the quantity 
afloat 4,337 tons. The present stock is 5,000 
tons less than the average for the past six years. 
There are strong indications that more iron will 
be melted in 1883 than in 18S2. The Pnget 
Sound furnaces will begin melting in a few 
weeks with increased capacity. 

California is the only producer of quicksilver 
in the United States, the rest of the world's 
supply coming mainly from Spain. The quick- 
silver industry is somewhat depressed here just 
now, all of the mines not being at work. This 
is due to the metal being on the free list, and 
Congress has been petititn^d to restore the 
duty. Two weeks since we had quite an ex- 
tended article on the quicksilver industry in 
California, and need not now go over the 
ground again. The estimate of production of 
this metal in California this year is about 50,000 
flasks of 70A pounds each. The producing 
mines of the State, with their yield for 1882, 
as follows: 

Flash p. 

New Almaden 25,867 

New Idriii 1,964 

Redlneton 2,228 

Sulphur BaDk 5,133 

Guadalupe 1,138 

Great Western 5,279 

Nap* C>n 6,838 

Great EaBtern 2,1 27 

Vaiious mines 256 

The figures given for the New Alma-den are 
not authentic, the manager declining to make 
the product public; but the others are correct. 
Oifr exports this year were 34,770 flasks, and 
the following table will show our previous ex- 
ports ; 



$23 00 


26 50 


24 CO 


26 <I0 

13 202 

24 50 


28 00 


The question naturally aroMft, what becomes of 

thil large Stock, QVI r 4,000 tour- ..f metal': 

Oar monthly receipts at San Francisco aw as 

follow i: 


In 1868 44 506 

to 1869 24.415 

[n 1870 13,788 

In 1871 76,205 

to 1872 13,089 

In 1873 6,359 

tnl874 6,770 

In 1875 28,960 

to 1876 41,140 

In 1877 46,280 

[n 1878 34,280 

(nl879 52,180 

In 1880 34 648 

lu 1S81 35 269 

In 1882 34 770 


In 1852 900 

In 1853 12,737 

In 1854 20.963 

Id 1855 27,165 

In 1856 23,74(' 

In 1857 27,262 

In 1858 24,142 

InlS59 3,399 

In 1860 9,448 

In 1861 35,996 

In 1862 33 74' 

In 1863 26,014 

In 1864 36,927 

In 1865 42,469 

In 1863 30,287 

In 1867 28,853 

The Commercial Herald says : Our produc- 
tion this year is 10,000 flasks less than for the 
year 1881, and nearly 30,000 less than in 1877, 
the year of the greatest production of this arti- 
cle. That of the Almaden mine, in Spain, for 
the year 1882 is not published as yet, but may 
be safely estimated the same, or more, as in the 
year 1881, 50,000, and this is understood to be 
all forwarded to the Rothschilds, in London. 
According to the London Board of Trade, re- 
turns for November, 1882, the receipts there for 
the first 11 months were 45,121 flasks; for the 
corresponding period in 1881, 47,573, and in 
1880, 49,247, showing a slight decrease. To the 
quantity produced here and and in Spain to- 
gether, 100,000 flasks or more, should be added 
10,000 to 12,000 furnished by the Idria mine, in 
Australia, making altogether as the world's pro- 
duction for the year, 10,000 to 15,000 flasks. 

L8S1 1*82, 

Month. Fluki. Flaakr. 

January t BTfl 

Ft-bru»r> | VH t,0B6 

March |,SM 3 432 

April 4,268 

May B642 1,036 

June .'..1X'» 

July 4.64J 4,131 

August 4,U" 4,173 

September #,S70 4,158 

October.. i u.ise 

November ^,730 8,UM 

December 4,703 3,202 

Totals 63.2W 45,810 

Shipped direct Irom nance to 
Eastern Stole* & Nevada.. 6,386 6 510 

TuW production.. 


In a comparatively condensed review like 
this it is impossible to go into the question of 
copper product as freely as the importance of 
the subject warrants, There is a sort of copper 
'boom ' just now, and many mines an- being 
opened. We shall reserve for a furture number 

a more full review of the subject. No furnace 
work has been done in this State, that branch 
of the business being Htill confined, as far as 
this coast is concerned, to Arizona, and in a 
limited manner to Nevada. The copper Queen, 
Clifton and Globe districts in Arizona are now 
producing at the rate of about lfi,O(K).<i00 lbs. 
per annum of copper bullion, a great portion of 
which now seeks the Eastern market direct 
over the Southern roads. Copper cement pro- 
duction, says the Commercial Eferald,is still 
limited to the Spencervillc and Newton, mines, 
and amounts to about 000 tons per annum, aver- 
aging 00; metallic copper; but works are 
now being erected by the Campo Seco Co. in 
Calaveras county with a capacity of 20 to 30 
tons per month. The latter mining camp (Campo 
Seco) lias come somewhat into notoriety during 
the past year by the re-opening of two old 
mines formerly worked in that district, viz: the 
Campo Seeo mine by a coporate company, who 
are putting up reduction works as above stated, 
and the "Satellite," formerly the "Lancha 

The production of this metal on the Pacific 
slope has been greatly increased this past year, 
until it lias reached an output equal to 10,000 
tons fine copper, as follows: 

Tons Fine Copper. 

California ores and cement (precipitate) 600 

Nevada orfB and liars 800 

Arizona '* " 8,600 

Total 10,000 

New mines have been discovered and worked, 
and numerous smelting furnaces have been 
erected all over the coast, especially in Ari- 
zona, while the old producers, as the "Copper 
Queen" and the "Longfellow" mines have in- 
creased their product considerably. The "Cop- 
per Queen" has turned out 4,200 tons bars, 
averaging 96A%; "Longfellow" about 2,000 tons, 
92%; "Detroit ' about 500 tons, and "Old Globe 
and Dominion" about 1,500 tons liars, about 95% 
fine. Li California the principal producer is 
the "San Francisco Copper Mine," at Spence- 

San Francisco, from its geographical position, is 
an important coalmarket. California itself, while 
a comparatively insignificant coal producer, still 
doesproducesomewherenear 100,000 tons a year. 
But thecoalfieldsofPuget Sound and British Col- 
umbia are near at hand, and the mines there are 
being gradually opened and developed, so that 
they now produce much more than formerly. 
Most of these mines are owned by San Fran- 
cisco capitalists. A change within the past few 
years has taken place in the method of transpor 
tation of the coals to this port, steam colliers 
having taken the place of the old worn out 
barks which formerly did all the trade. This 
fleet of steam colliers is steadily increasing, and 
as it does our receipts of English coal fall off. 
We will always, however, receive large quanti- 
ties of English coal by the vessels which come 
here in search of wheat cargo. According to 
the private circular of J. W. Harrison, the re- 
ceipts for the past year were about 840,000 tons 
as follows: 

Coos Bay and Renton tone 39,100 

Carbon Hill 54,400 

Seattle 146,300 

Mount Diablo £0 20 

Entern (Cumberland and Anthracite) 48,500 

British Columbia 151,800 

English and Welsh 138.67^ 

Scotch 23 878 

Auatralian 163 127 

Total 845 880 

There have been radically changes in the 
sources of supply as compared with 1881. The 
quantity from England shows a falling off of 
92,400 tons, while from Australia, there has 
been a gain of 39,500 tons, and from British Col- 
umbia and Puget Sound a gain of 62,000 tons. 


The bullion product of Colorado for the past 
year shows a most marked increase over the 
product of 1881— having reached the large total 
of §20,750,898 against $22,000,000, the largest 
yield of any previous year. It may be of hater 
est to our readers to note the gradual increase 
of the bullion product of this State since the 
discovery of the Leadville mines. For several 
years previous to 1877 the annual product had 
varied from six to eight millions of dollars. In 
1877 the output was in round numbers $7,000,- 
000; in 187S it was $10,000,000; in 1879,815,- 

000,000; 1880, $22,000,000; in 18S1, $22,000,000; 

and in 1882, as already stated, ii i 
750,898. I ' is a very ffratifyin 
especially in view of the Fact that a large por- 

ti< t the increase has been derived from new 

localities, where little beyond pi 
"dead h 01 k has as yet been done. 

An Immense Mineral Field. 

For many years mining in Colorado was 
principally confined t«> the central portion ol 
the Stat., near to the locality of the original 
discoveries. * >i late years prospectoi 
pushed out in all directions until everj | 
oj i he east i n topi of the Kooky mountain:.. 
from the very northern limits of th. State bo itt 
southern boundary, is known to be rich in mill* 
eralaofever} kino. Not only gold and silver, 

but lead. COpper, irOU and cOal are everywhere 

found, I luring the past three or foui 

prospectoi a ba* b passed over th 

several points, and almost invariably found the 

istern slope quite as rich in minerah 
eastern, Much of the growing prosperity of 
Colorado is Atn.' to thi i q< i . ;. ■■■<•< enter] 
her railroad men, who are constantly extend 
"ug the facilities of transportation in ■■ , ■ I 
rection throughout the mountains. The rail* 
road engineer treads closely on the IicoIe of tin 

Improved Methods. 

According to the Tribuue 3 grades of ore art 
now being worked in Colorado at all tie biui ll 
ing and reduction works which could not be 
made to yield profitable margins two or fchrei 
years ago. Scores of waste dumps, containing 
the accumulations of many years, have I 

sorted over, and thousands of tOUS gathered 

which gave the st gratifying returns, All 

this is the direct result of the introduction ol 
methodical systems, and improvements added to 

BVery detail of the business, inter jer ted oi at least 

rendered possible by the extension of railways 
to nearly every principal mining camp. Take 
away these inllucnees, restore the primitive 
methods and the expense incident thereto, and 
it would paralyze the whole industry, Ores 
which contain S20 in silver per ton are now 
worked at a profit. Indeed, the greater part of 
the dividends paid are derived from this ma- 
terial. It forms the great wealth of the mines, 
for the high grades run in small seams and 
streaks, forming an insignificant feature of the 
whole mass of vein matter. Cheap transporta- 
tion and the enlargement of facilities for reduc- 
tion followed as a natural consequence of the 
period and its steam-carriage innovations. The 
concentration of power at a few points where 
open markets with active bidders contend for 
every ton of valuable ore produced, has wrought 
most salutary changes. If a mine is worth 
working at all it will yield material that can be 
marketed profitably if within easy reach of a 

The Leadville Mines 
Are still increasing the aggregate of their yield. 
We give the following summary of the yield of 
this remarkable deposit since 1800: 

18G0 to 1870, creld from placers. . 
1871, gold and silver 

1875, gold and silver. 

1876, gold, silver and lead 

1877, gold, silver and lead. 

1878, jjold, silver ai d lead. 

... oo 

145 000 00 
113.000 00 
85 000 00 
555,330 00 
... 3 152 925 00 

1879, gold, silver and lead 10.383 740 09 

1880, (jold, silver and lead 11,187,697 00 

1881, gold, silver and lead 13,170.576 00 

18S2, gold, Bilver and lead 16 393 258 00 

Total 964,536,526 R9 

The San Juan Country. 

Next to Leadville the greatest increase of 
yield is in what is known as the San Juan coun- 
try, comprising the five southeastern counties of 
the State, and the locality where the most re- 
cent important discoveries have been made. 
These counties and the progress made, in their 
development has recently been fully recorded 

our Denver Exposition letters. The yield of 
this district for 1881 was reported at the paltry 
sum of $40,000, while that of 1882 is $675,000. 
This yield is mostly for ores shipped to dis- 
tant furnaces, which could not be moved until 
the locomotive reached Silverton on the 4th of 
July last. 

The recent discoveries on Red mountain 
have contributed much high grade ore to the 
general yield of this district; but the principal 
cause of the increased showing is in the fad 
that when the road to market was opened many 
mines which had been under development for 
years without reward to the owners, because the 
value of their mineral was exhausted by charges 
for transportation and treatment, began to be 
operated in earnest, and with satisfactory re- 
wards came new power for systematic enlarge 

A Grand Mining Country. 

Taken as a whole, there is no mining region 
of equal extent in the world which can present 
so large and varied an exhibit of the precious 
metals in all their various combinations as Colo- 
rado, or so large an aggregate of yield. In the 
returns for 1882 no less than 19 counties figure 
in the list as producing the precious metals. 
These counties cover an area nearly if not quite 
equal to the entire mineral region of California, 
with an immense area of country on the western 
slope of the Rocky Mountain Divide on which 
the prospector has as yet scarcely set his foot. 

In order to show the general diffusion of the 
minerals throughout the State we herewith ap- 
pend the 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 27, 1883 

Bullion Product by Counties. 
The bullion product of the State for 1882 was 
as follows: 
Counties Amoaut 

Boulder 9 §50,000 

Chaffee 225,500 

Custer „JS?'Jm 

Clear Creek 2 '?2S 

Dolores 1» ™» 

Fremont o ooS 

Gilpin 2,006,516 

oSfc."......". ™°°°° 


La Plata, San Juan ' " ' ' S&S22 

Ouray 329,780 

Park 283,564 

Pitkin-;::::::::;::::: 100.000 

Rio Grande ftg.OOO 

Routt 100,000 

Saguache 62 > 000 

Summit ■ 1,250,000 

Total S2(J,750,89S 

Nearly all the counties which report a yield 
of $125,000, or less, are those in which mining 
is just beginning to be developed, and yet, 
notwithstanding all that has already been done, 
the Tribune truly remarks that Colorado 

Is Still in its Infancy. 

In regard to the unrivaled industry of mining 
as a pursuit — only two shafts have penetrated 
the fissures to the depth of 1,300 ft., and not 
more than six or eight to the depth of 1 ,000 ft. 
The major part of our 26& millions for this year 
came from mines less than 500 ft. from the sur- 
face. It must be understood also that all oper- 
ators work for immediate gains. In other 
words, when a body of paying mineral is ex- 
posed byjunderground exploration it is stoj)ed 
out for what it will yield, rather than left as re- 
serve force for stock operations on the mining 
exchanges, The expense of a mine is in the 
amount of dead work required to expose reserves. 
A shaft determines nothing but the character 
and strength of the vein matter, yields nothing 
in comparison to its cost. It is in the stopes 
opened by levels where the profits are derived, 
because they contain values which can be meas- 
ured and readily converted into coin. If all 
the fissure mines could be penetrated to the 
depth of 1,000 ft., and levels driven to the full 
extent of their ore chutes at intervals of 100 ft. 
before any stoping was done, a work requiring 
a large expenditure of capital without recom- 
pense, and from three to rive years' time under 
the most favorable conditions, the output for 
the succeeding five years would be enormous. 
But mines cannot be worked hi this manner. 
Consequently each owner or corporation con- 
ducts operations with an eye single to the bene- 
fits derivable from day to day. When the re- 
serves are at hand he is happy in the possession 
of a plethoric bank account, and when exhausted 
he must needs hunt for more. 

Future Stability. 

In conclusion, continues the Trihune, we be- 
lieve that unless serious injury shall be inflicted 
upon the mining industry by causes now operating 
against the price of lead and silver for a consid- 
erable period, this pursuit will be even more 
prosperous during 1S83 than any former period. 
We are dependent to a greater degree than 
some are willing to admit upon the mainten- 
ance of the values of these metals which have 
prevailed for the past three or four years. The 
removal of the present tariff on lead or any 
material reduction would bring serious conse- 
quences, because we are producing more than 
one-half of the entire lead product of the United 
States. The demonetization of silver would 
close the mines and depopulate the districts. 

Colorado Smelting "Works. 

There are three great smelting establishments 
in Colorado that are kept in constant blast to 
their fullest extent — the aggregate capacity of 
which has been nearly doubled during the past 
year. We give their products fpr 18S2, so far 
as it has come to our knowledge, as follows: 

Argo works $ 3,668.000 

Pueblo works 3,279,40b 

Grant works (70daya) 1,337,220 

Two smelters at Golden 1, 190,043 

The La Plata, Arkansas Valley, Cumnirags and 
Fain 6,929,863 

Total 416,404,531 

There are many other smelting works scat- 
tered through various portions of the mines 
from which we have no returns. The Grant 
works are new and had run but 70 days up to 
Jan. 1, 1883. There are three smelters at 
Golden, but we have returns from only two. A 
considerable amount of ore from Utah and other 
localities is treated at the Argo works. The 
Pueblo works receive large amounts of ore from 
New Mexico and Arizona, the product of which 
appears in their total of returns. In the above 
total of furnace products there is no returns 
from ores treated at the furnaces in Leadville. 

Coal in Colorado. 
The deposits of coal in Colorado are practically 
inexhaustible. They are found in nearly every 
section of the State, at and above the foothills 
of the Rocky mountains. The northern coal 
belt is a free-burning, semi-bituminous coal of 
air quality for heating and domestie purposes. 
This coal is sold in Denver city at from $3 and 
upwards per ton. Most of the coal consumed 
in Denver is from this deposit. This coal is 
shipped east as far as Omaha. Arbitrary rail- 
road rates prevent its going further. The pro- 
duct of this region the past year has been about 
§550,000, which has brought an average of $2,50 
per ton at the mine, 

The Middle Coal Region 
Lies between the foothills west of Denver and 
the Colorado springs. This is also a fair domes- 
tie coal, and crops out at numerous points along 
the region designated, although but little has 
been as yet done in the way of its development. 

The Southern Belt 
Produces a superior article of coal, most of 
which is of a fine quality for coking. At Stark- 
ville, five miles from Trinidad, on the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa iTe railroad, 100,000 tons were 
produced last year. Most of this coal was sent 
to the South and West. The value of this coal 
on cars at the mine is about $2 per ton. At the 
same point 40 coke ovens are running, and these 
have produced about 225 tons of coke, worth 
$4.50, which has been sent wholly into Arizona. 
They have not been able to fill all their orders 
for either coal or coke. The mines at Eagle 
will have shipped about 400,000 tons of coal, 
worth $2 on cars at the mine at El Moro, and 
about 12,000 tons of coke, worth at El Moro 
$4.50 per ton. Chappell & John's mine, south 
of Trinidad, has turned out 20,000 tons. 
The Canyon Region. 

The superior qualities of the Canyon coal are 
too well known to require notice in this hurried 
review. The belt includes the valley of the 
Arkansas, and is mainly, if not wholly, confined 
to Fremont county. The region is one of the 
oldest in the State, and the development is 
large, and the exhaustless character of the de- 
posits have been proved. The output of this 
region for the year has been about 100,000 tons. 
The value at the mines is from |2 to $2.50 per 

The Gunnison Coal. 

Gunnison county furnishes the most import- 
ant coa4-field in the State, whether in quantity 
or quality, the development of which is being 
rapidly made. This coal is both soft, or coking, 
and anthracite. During the past year 43,000 
tons of soft coal have been raised and disposed 
of. Fully 10,000 tons of coke were produced in 
1882 from this coal by one company — the Colo- 
rado Coal and Iron Co. The anthracite depos- 
its have not as yet been largely worked, and 
only 2,000 tons have been marketed during the 
past year. There are five workable seams at 
one locality in Gunnison county— the Crested 
Butte — running from 3 to 15 ft. in thickness. 
Besides this locality there are hundreds of square 
miles of equally valuable soft coal in Gunnison 

The anthracite of this county also covers an 
extensive territory, but it is not all of what may 
be considered a good quality. The anthracite 
interest of Colorado is just beginning to be de- 
veloped. One of the companies, now actively 
at work, is putting up unproved machinery — 
breakers and screens — with which it will soon 
be able to furnish from 200 to 300 tons per day. 
The coal belonging to this company is in all 
respects equal to the production of the best 
grades of steel, as has been fully proven at the 
Pueblo Iron and Steel Works. 

Iron Products, Etc. 

In addition to her other products, Colorado 
has also turned out during the past year from 
53,000 tons of iron ore 24,000 tons of pig iron, 
which has been converted into 1 6, 1 39 
tons of steel rails, 3,8,83 tons of mer- 
chant iron and 2,752 tons of mis- 
cellaneous castings, 1,253 tons of muck bar> 
16,15S kegs of nails and 5,022 kegs of spikes. 
With her immense resources of coal and iron 
ore Colorado promises in the near future to be- 
come one of the largest iron-producing States in 
the Union. The total railroad investment 
within the State reaches the enormous amount 
of over $95,000,000 in value, the total length of 
the track being 1,397 miles, the gross receipts 
from which for the past year were $9,135,544, 
which gave net earnings to the amount of 

State School of Mines. 

It is eminently proper that Colorado, which 
produces more of the preeiouB metals than any 
other other State or Territory, should have a 
State School of Mines, where a thorough educa- 
tion in chemistry and -metallurgy, together with 
a practical knowledge of mineral geology and of 
the science of the reduction of ores may be ob- 
tained. This advantage Colorado now pos- 

The report of the operations of the school 
shows that the number of students in attendance 
is more than double that of two years ago, and 
that a large number of students who have gradu- 
ated at Harvard University, the United States 
Naval Academy and other colleges of the high- 
est standing are pursuing regular courses at 
this institution, which is good evidence that it 
is accomplishing well the purposes for which it 
is established. The large increase hi the num- 
ber of students compelled the management to 
either continue the school without sufficient 
room for any department of work or enlarge the 
building to meet the additional requirements. 
They determined upon making the addition, 
which is now nearly completed, and which will 
about double the building accommodations of 
the school. 


Nevada shows a falling off of $1,484,188— 
the yield of the Comstock being $1,333,018 as 
against $1,726,162 in 1881, a decrease of $393,- 
144. Yet she still maintains her third place in 
the list of bullion producers, as she has since 
the Leadville mines of Colorado put that State 
at the head. Perhaps the situation in Nevada 
is best summarized by a quotation from the in- 
augural address of Governor Kinkead delivered 
a few weeks since; ( 'We have had no wild ex- 

citements, as in previous years, over alleged 
vast mining discoveries, which have benefited 
the wary few at the expense of the credulous 
multitude. Stock gambling is not so prevalent 
as formerly. The mines have yielded fair 
returns in most localties, and in several 
the present bullion output is larger than 
ever heretofore. Legitimate mining is taking 
the place of stock speculation; new and prosper- 
ous mining districts are being organized, giving 
employment to many, and inviting the atten- 
tion of capital to safe and profitable investment. 
The result must be beneficial to the State; its 
revenue will augment, and its population per- 
manently increase. The growth of all other 
branches of business in our State depends, hi 
great degree, upon extended and successful min- 
ing operations. Our neighboring States and 
Territories, through public spirit, private enter- 
prise and fair railway charges, proffer induce- 
ments to investigation of their mineral resources, 
and offer reasonable guarantees for the safety 
and protection of capital from abroad to aid in 
the development of this important interest. I 
believe our State unequaled in the extent and 
variety of her mineral wealth. Much of this lies 
dormant for lack of capital and transportation 
facilities. The decline in the production of the 
great Comstock lode (which I trust will not be 
permanent) has, through unjust comparison, 
greatly retarded the prosecution of the mining 
industry in other portions of the State. In sev- 
eral districts remote from the Comstock mines 
are now being opened that give promise of a 
large bullion product in the near future. Im- 
proved machinery will utilize and render valu- 
able our low grade and hitherto unproductive 
ores and ensure a more extended and profitable 

The product of Eureka district last year was 
$3,176,700, a decrease of $953,100 from 1 SSI. 
This camp produced more than the Constock 
last year. 

The demands on Nevada last year were as 

Alexander 1 slOO.000 

Bristol 1 14,000 

Exchange 1 3.000 

Eureka Con 4 75,01 

Indian Queen 7 25,625 

Navajo 4 75,000 

Northern Belle 9 225,000 

Richmond Con 3 270,000 

Total 29 $787,625 

In 1831 56 1,397,500 

As to the Comstock the Enterprise thus sum- 
marizes the situation: 

In the Calfomia and Consolidated Virginia 
there is now open on the 2,700 and 2,500 levels 
about 1,300 feet of new ground — the California 
claim being 600 and the Consolidated Virginia 
710 feet in width. 

In the Best and Belcher mine there are 540 
feet; Gould and Curry, 612; Savage, 771; Hale 
and Norcross, 400; Chollar, 700, and Potosi, 
700, making in all, from the south line of the 
Potosi to the north end of the Sierra Nevada 
drift (2,700 level), a little over 8,000 feet of 
ground along the lode which, with but few and 
short breaks, is now open for exploration on 
levels ranging in depth from 2,500 to 2,900 feet. 

In the opening out of these several deep 
levels by means of long main working and deep 
ventilating drifts, our leading mining com- 
panies have at last readied a point toward 
which they have been striving during the past 
four years. Just now, when the grand object 
has been attained', it is rather curious to seethe 
stock of the several mines lower in price and 
apparently in public estimation than at any 
time since the commencement of operations 
looking to the opening out of these deep levels. 

A year or two ago an impatient public in its 
mind's eye saw already completed the work not 
yet wholly finished, and began investing. No 
doubt almost every person who then invested 
thought he was putting in his money just in 
the "nick of time" and expected to see his 
pet stock go up the next day or the next week at the 
furthest. Those who thus invested have grown 
heart-sick at the long delay. Many have sold 
their stocks and many have had them sold by 
brokers. Some have doubtless held on through 
all discouragements (and assessments), but they 
have neither been hi a condition or the humor 
to buy more stocks and thus assist in keeping 
up prices. 

Now, when that is about to be done to which 
all have been looking forward, and when the 
proper time for investing has arrived, the 
masses are so much exhausted through their 
premature efforts, and so disgusted on account 
of their bad luck, that they look with suspicious 
eye upon Opportunity, though she turns toward 
them the handle of the jug. Had those who 
began the fight a year or two ago reserved their 
fire until the present time, their ammunition 
might have done gratifying execution. 

Those who now put their money into stocks, 
whether or not they make fortunes, will have 
the satisfaction of knowing that they made their 
venture at the best time that could have been 
selected and at a price so low that any further 
decline would be impossible without the stocks 
going off the Board and out of sight entirely. 

In Humboldt county the mining ou tlook is bet- 
ter than at any previous time for years. Rich ores 
have again been found in mines which have not 
been worked for two or three years. It is 
stated with certainty that work will be resumed 
on the Arizona mine, at Unionville, where large 
bodies of rich ore have been found while work- 
ing the annual assessments. This mine will 
give employment directly and indirectly to 
many men and reinhabit the camp where it is 
situated. The Paradise mines are also looking 
better, and it is hoped that work will be re- 
sumed on the Paradise Valley [and other pro- 

ductive mines in the district before long. Wil- 
low Creek, a new and promising mining camp, 
is also coming to the front, and will be produc- 
ing bullion within the present month. The Au- 
burn and Lang Syne companies, at Dun Glen, 
are expected to resume operations on their 
mines ere long, and it is reasonably hoped that 
the season of greatest mining depression is jxt 
an end. 

We have been giving every week descriptions 
of the mines in the various camps of the State, 
and have only room here for a few general re- 
marks. As to the southern countiesof Nevada, 
Mr. E. T. George, who lately visited them, 
says: During our trip through the southern 
part of Nevada we were surprised at the num- 
ber of reduction works that had been erected 
in the different mining camps and lying idle, 
monuments of folly and mismanagement. If 
one-fourth of the amount of capital had been 
expended in exploring the mines that has been 
wasted in erecting those expensive works, our 
State would to-day be the greatest bullion pro- 
ducer in the world. Valuable mines are lying 
idle which, if worked on legitimate business 
principles, would be dividend payers, but use- 
less expenditures and gross mismanagement 
have caused stockholders to refuse to contribute 
any further funds, and the mines and mills 
have become almost uninhabited, where hereto- 
fore all was life and bustle, and not on account 
of the merits or demerits of the mines, but sim- 
ply for the incapacity and make-all-you-can- 
for-yourself management. Nevada has had 
"wild cat and stock jobbery" enough. 
While our neighboring mineral States 
are enjoying a season of prosperity 
Nevada is undergoing a season of dullness un- 
paralleld in her history, and through no fault of 
her mines or mineral wealth. We believe that 
our State is the best mineralized State or Ter- 
ritory in the Union, if properly worked, and hi 
all our principal mining camps it has been 
proven beyond a doubt that our mineral veins 
are continued to as great a depth as in any other 
country in the world. Then why should so 
many of our mines be lying idle to-day? Let 
any person who has been a resident of those 
camps answer the question. Is it through the 
mines giving out, or ou account of the poorness 
of the ore? Can they truthfully say yes in either 
case? There may be some few exceptions, but the 
greaternumberwillhaveto be laid to the inacapa- 
city of the management and useless expenditures 
in salaries to non-producers. How many mines 
are there whose pay-rolls for miners and mill 
men equal the amount paid out to supernumer- 
aries. Mining can be made a paying business, 
and will pay a larger rate of interest on the 
amount invested than almost any other business, 
but must be conducted on the same business 
principles that any other business is conducted 
on; then, and not till then, will our State return 
to its old prosperity, and it should be the en- 
deavor of all interested in mining and the wel- 
fare of the State of Nevada, to do all in their 
power to encourage legitimate mining and dis- 
courage wildcat schemes and stock jobberies. 

The Carson and Colorado railroad will open up 
all the districts in southwestern Nevada and help 
the State out wonderfully. The region traversed 
by this road abounds in mineral, but the camps 
have languished owing to lack of transportation 
facilities. With this new road running, however, 
these difficulties will be overcome. The copper 
resources of the region alone would be sufficient 
to make a prosperous one, but there are many 
other minerals as well. There is little doubt 
that Nevada will again resume her vigor when 
the present temporary depression wears away. 
She is doing now a great deal more bullion pro- 
ducing than many of the more advertised States 
and Territories, standing, as we have said, third 
on the list, j 


As will be seen by Wells, Fargo & Go's esti- 
mate of bullion product, Arizona yielded in 
1882 $9,298,207. 'Hie estimates made in Arizona 
considerably exceed the amount. The follow- 
ing table prepared for the Tucson Star's animal 
edition shows a different result: 

The gold and silver output of Tombstone 
takes the first rank, after which comes the cop- 
per output of the Territory, and third, the gold 
and silver reported from the Territory at large, 
and lastly, estimated ouput not reported, the 
whole footing up §11, 702,294. 28. 

Tabulated Statement. 

Silver King, silver bullion g 375.C0O CO 

Silver KiDg, concentrations 440,000 00 

Tip Top. silvir 233 081 00 

McMonis 281,014 00 

Pioneer 33, 763 00 

Arizona Central, gold (estimated) 425.100 03 

Silver bullion shipped from Pioju pet W.,F. £Oo. 76,109 £0 
Gold bullion and dutt shipped iiom Pima per 

W., F. & Co 75,208 20 

Silver bullion snipped from Yuma per W. P. & 

Oo 13,36'J CO 

Gold bullion and dust shirped from Yuma per 

W.,F. & Co U.472 00 

Ore shipments via Yuma £4,106 53 

Ore shipments via Casa Grande 22, 5G0 00 

Total §2.254,133 53 


Contention si, 680,512 13 

Grand Central I,3s8.t 20 35 

Stonewall (eight months' run) 240,000 00 

Boston mil (custom) 16-.O0O 00 

Giravd mill and mine hnrt custom) 177,540 10 

Tombstone M. and M. Co 1.440.SU4 C6 

Head Center (tight moutha's nm) 125,i79 81 

Watervale mill (two months' i no) 15,000 00 

Total of Tombstone s 5,202,870 35 

Copper Output. 


Copper Queen Co., operate g the Copper Queen 
mine, in Cochise county, Warrren district 8,045,320 

A'izona Copper Mining Co.. operating the 
Longfellow and Coronado mines in Graham 
county, Clifton district 4,325.000 

January 27, 1883.] 

Mining and Scientific Press. 


' i . oDotmtfDgtbe 
Old QlAtw ftod fkimfoion minr*. <nu cutuiiy, 

BuflUo M lad B ■ '■> . oper*tta( tu i.iobc ihV 

liver Bell *i»ulct. 

r Mlo titc (Jo . uociAlliii t' ■* 

H..1 ID PlUUt I 


Pmbody uikac. lu (.'xIum 

Tutal i 

tloo dutrict Initio 

ruing iu «>iU 


96 1.500 


VjIui- >•! o 

not rrjKtfUd. 

ia;>.'.--vt B 

figure* ihon the product "i tli<- princi- 

pal c-imps, but nuui) small uiixnM not mentioned 

|.. . ting i- uon 

tno in Arizona, and within a year man} 

ininoa "ill be developed. One difficulty 

ii. .w u that where there are a uumbei 

i the m-ii have not money 
enough to go on « itli the work. 

It will be noticed that the copper output oi 
: itory i- non ! 

! u ill no donbt be doubled 

i >■ pao ill not warranl mention of all the 
minee in the Territory, or even tlie districts. 
We ha\ <■ 4iii in i -at deal 

i>t' attention to the mines of Arizona, and given, 
from week to week, all thi ■■ • W e 

n U sum u|i the results. 

The principal i amp, Tombstone, lias not done 

what was eSpected of it, There were several 

why the yield did not yield $6,000,000. 

Pirat came litigation, closing down three 

nniu- for the greater part of the year, ami sec- 

1. the closing down of om oi the Tombstone 

Mill an. 1 Mining Co.*s mills the 1st of May, 
which reduced that company's output 03 aboui 
$1,000,000. Topartialh make ap for the deficit, 
the Stonewall mine, which was purchased by 
Bo ton and Arizona Smelting aud Reduc- 
tion Co., was opened out and became quite a 
.i nd se^ eral other claims were 
id a paying basis in a small way. The 
total output was $5,202,875.85. It the Head 
Center-Tranquility starts up within any reason- 
able Bcason, it should add at least $1,000,000 to 
the present year's product, and then Way I p, 
i 11, Lurk Sure, Little Devil, Blue Jacket 

1 ita.t will come in t<> swell the amount, 
so thai this year's yield onght to approximate 

Tlinv .iiv mam ].i'M.-.]>i'i'..M- .imps iii the Ter- 
ritory oi which very tittle is said. Of most of 
hi \ i published notes from time to 
time. The smaller mines, which furnish no fig- 
ares oi bullion product, but which yield more 
ii |< each year, are those which keep a Large 
population oi miners at work and in which the; 
miners themselves are generally interested. Of 
i in Large class it is impossible within the limits 
of i ve\ tefl like this to say very much. Arizona 
promises to increase her yield of bullion an- 
nually for many years t<> come. 

irdj aii-1 m 
rvation ol any on ■ i uu> the 

win. It- field must be somewl md uu 

•ugh. however, at command 
t'. make good the assertion that more has been 
accomplished within the one year than in all 
the preceding time since the industry « 

Utah 1 a of those « hich shows a 

gain in bullion production this year. The mineral 
■ ■ ienced. The mines 
seem to l«e in a prosper lit! n 

advancing to development in an • xi 
satisfactory manner. The Salt Lake TVifwini is 
sued "n the l.-t inst an edition in which were 
very elaborate special at tides, describing in de- 
tail the \\<*\\ of all the mines in the various dis- 
tricts, i oluminous r< \ iew of the 
mining industry of Utah treri creditable in 
unable, oi course, to go 
nit., details, about the 80 milling camps of the 
Territory, but collate from the Tribnin an ab 
struct which Bho\t - . : neral n ulte. 

The totals of values of bullion produced are 
lows ; 

V»lue of product of 1882 |8,14S 17fi 

Value of product of lt«l 

Excess of 1882.... 
The must of tl 


increase musl be credited to 
ippi i the product of -il\ er being as 

New Mexico rolls up $3,667,132 as her l> 

lion product this year, a very respectable show- 
ing, placing her number seven on the list of bul- 
lion prod "S. List year the Territory pro- 

814,944, and the year before that only 
$711,300. The increase of 1882 was therefore 
>..i\ marked and quite satisfactory. The re- 
gion labors under the difficulty of being new as 
i mining tisld, I h it is, it i- n'\ of lats that it 
lias attracted much attention from capital. Even 
now capital has come in more slowly than should 
be, and there are many properties waiting 
buyers. It is stated, however, that the devel- 
opment is retarded by reason of so many per- 
sons holding ground and only doing assessment 
work on it. The Commissioner of Immigra- 
tion of New Mexico, Chas. W. Greene, says, in 
Bpeaking of mining in 188*2: Looking back 
over the year just closed we find a marked pro- 
gress in development of the mining industry of 
this Territory. At the beginning of the year 
almost everything that could be said of it was 
of its prosperity in the distant past, or of 
its hope for the future under the new regime 
just inaugurated. The practical questions were 
often asked: "Where is the product of the 
mines, tor which so much is promised? 1 ' "Why 
no output from the large number of mines you 
tell us about?" Save the operations at George- 
town, Santa Rita aud Silver City, and for a brief 
period at Socorro, there was no real mine pro- 
duction, aud but little practical mining. Smelt- 
ers were talked about, and mills in several parts 
of the Territory. One had been built and was 
standing idle at Cerrillos; another, the Duryca, 
had proved a failure at Bonanza City; another 
had been built and was making spasmodic ef- 
forts to obtain ore at Socorro; another novel 
electric process was about being tried at White 
Oaks; a small mill had been built at the same 
place, but had not been successfully operated. 
Prospects by thousands had been located and re- 
corded: upon some of them two or three assess- 
ments had been worked; on much the larger pro- 
portion only one assessment, if any, had been 
worked. Mines, in the full sense of the word, 
were very few and far between. 

To one who has watched the changes of the 
year, there has been much to encourage and but 
little to disappoint. The advance has been 
steady; there have been but few failures, and 
where either labor or capital has been employed 
it has generally yielded gratifying results. 

Lad and 
follow i: 

Ounces .n 1 882 5 435,444 

Om-ceaio 1MI 6,400,191 

Being but a trifling gain. But the gain ai 

a is a Utah gain, which could not quite 

have been said of the gain of 1881 over the year 

before, tn 1881 there were received from Idaho, 

Montana and Nevada nearly 2,000 tons of lead, 
441,846 ounces silver and !>7b' ounces of gold, all 

of which went to swell the bullion statement for 
Utah of that year. But for 1882 the amount of 
ore received from points outside this Territory 
has been so insignificant that it wasn't worth 

while tn state it. The statement, therefore, is 
an unsually gratifying one, not only as to the 

lai'L'.' ajj.LTiVL'atc produced, but also from the fact 

that it shows an increase for Utah mines much 
greater than the simple comparison of the aggre- 
gates would indicate. Thus, the product in lead 
BJlOWn in the general statement is, in pounds: 

Poi 1882 55,349,850 

For 1881 42,1 01,0-25 

Increase 10,158 225 

But to get the actual increase of Utah pro- 
duction, the 3,009,440 received in 18S1 from out- 
side the Territory must be added to the bal- 
ance shown, making the increase for Utah 14,- 
1 '27, 0(15 lbs. 

In like manner, the general aggregate shows 
an increase of but 35, "253 ounces in silver; but 
if from the product of 1881 we deduct the 441,- 
840 ounces received from our neighbors in 1881, 
to balance which there were no receipts from 
the outside for 1882, we perceive the real in- 
crease in Utah's silver output to he 477,099 
ounces, or a handsome margin over half a mil- 
lion dollars. The above values are given on a 
basis of Utah value; about 25% must be added 
for the sea-coast value. The general situation, 
then, is one of great prosperity and satisfactory 

The Smelters. 

The great smelters not working in connection 
with any mine or mining company are the Ger- 
mania, the Hanauer and the Mingo. 

The Germania shows a production the past 
year of S,*213,789 lbs. of refined lead, against 2,- 
045,373 lbs. the year before; 501,777 lbs. unre- 
fined lead, against 3,087,284 for 1881; 388,014 
ounces silver, against 349,479 the year before, 
and 815 ounces gold, against 50S ozs. in 1881. 
This shows an enormous gain in lead production, 
especially refined lead; and a handsome gain in 
silver and gold. 

The Hanauer smelter produced 5,602,324 lbs. 
unrefined lead, against 3,015,228 lbs. in 1881; 
254,339 ounces silver and 1,384 ounces gold, 
against 170,320 ounces silver and 438 ounces gold 
the year before. 

The Mingo furnace produced 10,128,738 lbs. 
unrefined lead in 1SS2, against 11,977,649 lbs. 
in 1881; 310,309 ounces silver against 437,170 
ounces the year before; and 816 ounces gold 
against 832 ounces. 

Park City. 

For many years Park City has been the lead- 
ing mining district in Utah, and the Ontario 
has been its mainstay and life. The Ontario is 
one of the few great mines of the world. It has a 
record of steady dividends and never an assess 
ment. It has produced an aggregate of §12,- 
295,265.92 in silver, and has paid 86 regular 
monthly dividends, amounting to §5, 1 50,000. 
For the year just closed its product has been 
1,852,664 ounces of silver, compared with 
1,909,870 ounces in 1881. The product of the 
company is only gauged by the capacity of the 
mill to reduce the ore. This milling capacity is 
to be doubled next summer by the erection of a 
new mill of equal capacity with the present one. 
The value of the Ontario product at the standard 
adopted by Wells - Fargo ($1.12$ per ounce) 
amounted to §2,084,246.90. From this have 
come 12 regular monthly dividends of $150,000 
each or #900,000. 

Another company which, by the recent settle- 
ment of conflicting claims and titles, has become 
a tine producer is the Crescent, shipping both 
ore and bullion. Its product, however, is not 
stated separately^ 

Other properties in Park City and vicinity 

are fully treated Of iu the special article in lids 

issue devoted to that camp. 

Frisco District. 

The greal Bora Silver mine is in this dis- 
trict; it has much tb.- largest mass of in 
light "1 any mine n-.w being Worked any- 

where. Within the year just closed ii 

pany whieb owns tins mine hu overhauled and 
■ rival, til.- i tatario Th. 
product of the Horn Silver foi 1882 was 1,620,- 
:!57 ounces silver! and 32,003,775 lbs. lead, 
against 1 ,259,903 ounces silver and 16,343,995 
the. lead in 1881. Value of silver, 1862, $1, 
S82.901.62; value ol Lead, at $62 per ton 1832 
052; aggregate value of product, $2,654,953.62. 
But this is tin- Utah valuation; at the 
the company actual]} received for Us product 
considerably more. It received $2,521 ,687,68 
for 1,255,111.32 ounces of silver and 11,803 tons 
of lead sold on to September 30th, 1882, the sum 
-i $2,521,687:68. At the same rati... n- added 
product since would bring the total of sales up 
to $3,31 1,689.80. Prom this there have been 
paid four regular quarterly dividends of $300,- 
OOOeach, aggregating $1,200,000, and another 
dividend of the same amount is due February 
|5tli. and will doubtless be paid promptly. 

The Frisco Mining and Smelting Company's 
product for the year was just about the same 
as last year, being, 3,027,424 His. lead and 214,- 

320 ounces silver. But in gold it made a jump 
from -125 ounces in bSSI to iSS2 ounces in I SS2. 

Silver Reef. 

The product of Silver Beef is steady, being 
li'Jl ,879 ounces for the year just closed, against 
614,368 ounces, for the £ear before. The camp is 
holding out well in permanence, ami will from 
all appearances be a regular producer to the ex- 
tent of nearly three-quarters of a million dol- 
lars annually. 

Tintic District. 

The independent producers of this district are 
the Mammoth and the Tintic Mining and Mill- 
ing Co. To the former is to be credited the 
matte reported in Wells. Kargo & Co.'s tables, 
605, S80 lbs., with 67, X20 ounces silver and !,- 
683 ounce's gold; a clear increase, nothing being 
reported from there in 1881. 

The Tintic Mining and Milling Co. produced 
59,S14 ounces silver ami 417 gold, a total value 
of S7C/230. 75. to which the usual addition is to 
lie made in reckoning the difference between 
values here and at the seaboard. 

Other Districts. 

The other districts, Bingham, Little Cotton- 
wood, Big Cottonwood, Marysvale, American 
Fork, Stockton, etc., are not separately stated, 
their product going in to swell the aggregate 
production of the smelters. 

The following tables show "Wells, Fargo &, 
Co. 's statement of the mineral product of Utah 
for the year 1882': 

The following shows the quality of Utah's 
bullion : 

2 = 3 » ? 


I \S 1-10 


. ose -^ in 

• /!■' ii.;-. i ■> ; ]u 

Bask Bullion. 

D ,. 


1 o 








Frisco M &S Co.. 

Germ an ia. Lead 



3,027, i'A 

5 002,324 
32,003 775 







310 309 


44 968 





Mingo Furnace Co. 


Deduct baBe bul 
lion pun hast dbj 
Germaniu Lcati 

Net product bast 

8,213 7S0 






Lead, silver a n o 
g-o Id in or et 

Matte containing 
copper, 005,880 IbB 

Total, 005,830 lb;- 

8,213 7 SO 




Doiik Bars. 

Germama Lead Works 

Ontario Silver M h \\\- <..'■' 

Silver Reef District 

. 1,852,004 


2 853,065 



Other Mills and l'l 
Total Dure Bar 



Idaho Territory this year shows a to- 
tal production of $3,325,738, against $2,- 
834,474 in 1881, This i^ quite a gain, bat 
not ao much as was expected from the num- 
ber of new mines opened and the dim re- 
duction works started up. The only two incor- 
porated mines ^ bich have lei ied assessments 
were the Pilgrim, $14,000, and the Western 
Homo, $5,000. TheCastle Greek Gold Mining 
Co., of Idaho, paid its first dividend of .'! cents 
pei shate, or $3,000, last June, It paid the 
same amount in July, August and September, 
making four dividends this year, or $12,000* 
Qolyoke paid its 6rst dividend oi 2 cents per 
share, or $4,000, in October. In November it 
paid 3 cents per share, or $G,QD0, and in Decem- 
ber 2 cents per share, or $4,000. The Custer 
and Gold Hul have done well this year. Of 

COUrSe there are many other mines which have 
been profitable to their owners of which no public 
mention has been made. 

The smelter at Challis, with one staek, 
shipped 38 carloads of bullion, The "\\ ners, 

the Omaha Smelting Co. , also shipped !i\ e ear- 

loads of ore so rich that it was nearly equal to 
bullion. Besides they have shipped one carload 
of copper matte, and have Btock on hand left 
over of a few thousand dollars in value, making 
a grand aggregate fur the year, together with 
the light stock on hand, of $425,000. This, for 
one inexpensive plant, is a little hard to beat. 

In Warm Springs district (Ketchum) the op- 
erations of the season, according to the A', ystont . 
resulted in general satisfaction both as to out- 
puts and developments. Results in general 
have been very gratifying, and the future looms 
up fat and hopefully encouraging, The season 
started in late, but when onee going the mills 
were alive with enterprise and activity, owners 
were developing, and prospectors were in Bearch 
of the preeious metals. Thousands of tons of 
ore were turned out and hundreds of new loca- 
tions made. The reeords of the district show 
about 300 of the latter, and the Philadelphia 
Mining and Smelting Co.'s records show the 
following among other interesting facts; 


Ores purchased 2 839,437 

Philadelphia Co. 'b ores received 1,410,1*13 

Total 4,259,350 

This has not all been reduced, a good supply 
for a spring start being on hand, but sufficient 
was reduced to turn out nearly "2,000,000 lbs. of 
bullion of an average value of 250 ozs. silver per 
ton. The mines from which -most of this ore- 
was received, with amounts and average value 
silver, are as follows: 

Ozs. per tou 





605,880 lbs. copper, at 121 cents per lb 8 75,735 

8,213,708 lba reflLed lead, at 5 cents per tb 410,000 

52,319,850 lbs unrefined lead, at $52 per ton 1,301 090 

5,436 444 lzs silver, at $1.12} per oz 6,114,874 

9 039 ozs «oki, at S20 per cz 180,780 

Total export value £8,143,175 

Computing tho gold and silver at its tciot valuation, 
and oiher metalB at their value at the seaboard, it would 
increase the value of the product to $10,312,902. 

The following is a comparative statement 
showing the quantity of the silver and gold 
contained in base bullion produced in Utah: 

1„ J S1 
18 i2 

•a o - 

— z 

4,359 703 
4,357 328 
3.835 047 
3 783 566 
5 400,101 
5 435,444 


■a o 

17 32f 
15 932 
8 021 
7 96$ 


2 I OS 339 

1 7i)7.589 
1,403 819 

2 643 899 

12 037-533 

11,035 4S 2-10 
10.165 48 3-10 



46 8-10 
37 1-10 


47 3-10 

63 0-10 
67 6-10 
35 7 10 
32 9-10 
55 6-10 


Elkhoin l,950,f 00 

Erwln 600.UOO 

Blackbawk 200,000 

W. Foik 141), 000 

Black Horse 75,000 

I.nbella 65.C00 

Mountain Girl 21,000 

Ontario Queen 13,(00 

Carrie Leonard 8,000 

Moonlight 7,i 00 

Occidental 7,0o0 

Back Pay 4.500 

Paymaster 6.000 


51 2-10 

There are 50 mines from which shipments 
have been made to this smelter, a few of them 
in neighboring districts, but nearly all in our 
own. The Ontario shipped $'20,000 worth to 
one place out of the district, while many other 
mines have fine lots of ore on their dumps ready 
for sale or shipment, when markets and trans- 
portation facilities are more favorable, as they 
certainly will be. 

Little Wood River mining district, which 
figures so prominently among the producing 
mineral sections, is situated near the center of 
Alturas county, and embraces an area of about 
twenty-five square miles. Little Wood river 
runs parallel with Big Wood river, aud is about 
twenty-five miles east of the latter stream. 
Muldoon, the town and supply depot, is sit- 
uated near the head waters of the river, and 
twenty-five north of the crossing of the Black- 
foot road, with which it is connected by a good 
wagon road. Shoshone, the junction of Wood 
river and the Oregon Short Line railroad, is dis- 
tant about fifty miles, also approached by good 
wagon road. The great Muldoon group is the 
best developed among the mines. The owners 
of the Muldoon group mines also own and 
operate very fine smelting and sampling works 
under the title of Little Wood River Mining & 
Smelting Co. The works are three miles from 
the Muldoon mine. These works consist of 
a plant of two 40-ton smelting furnaces, with 
all the accompanying machinery, such as crush- 
ers, sampling works, etc., all of which are pro- 
pelled by a 100-horse power steam engine. 
There are about 100 tons of bullion piled up at 
the smelter now. Among the mines near by 
are the Mountain Boy, Josephine, Jones & 
Davis, Gen. Garfield, Bonanza Boy, Buckhorn, 
Rose Abby, Iron Clad, James, Rippeto, Narrow 
Gauge, Hoodlum, Karrick group, Good Hope, 
Monitor, Lexington, etc. 


Mining and Scientific Press. 

[January 27, 1883 

The Yankee Fork region seems to have been 
prosperous this season. Although the camp has 
been in existence as a placer mining region of 
some note for seven or eight years, it is only 
since the purchase of the great Custer mine that 
it has been known to the general public as a 
large bullion-producing district, and just as its 
fame in that line began to spread, Wood River 
country loomed up, and in a measure over- 
shadowed it. Placer mining on Jordan creek 
began in 1S74-5, and had been in progress at 
and near the mouth of Yankee Fork of Salmon 
river for some years prior thereto; also at Loon 
creek, IS miles north. The Charles Dickens 
mine is the "boss" lode of the region. The 
Dickens lode is now known as a great and con- 
tinuous or mother vein, extensions having been 
discovered and located continuously for miles, 
among the more prominent of which are the 
Pilot,°Paradise, Passover and George Washing- 
ton. There are 6,000 tons of ore run on the 
Charles Dickens dumps. 

One and a half miles north of the Dickens and 
across the canyon is the great Custer, which lies 
in direct line with the Dickens, and is undoubt- 
edly a continuation thereof, the ore being simi- 
lar in character. The Custer has a brief his- 
tory, its fame as yet only maturing; discovered 
in 1S78; traded for a butcher shop; almost 
abandoned; gradually attracting attention; then 
in the courts, and finally sold for about $100,- 
000 in 1879. A 20-stamp mill built in 18S0 
commenced operations in the spring of 1881, 
and the returns thereof in bricks of gold and 
silver bullion to date foot up in value to a most 
the enormous sum of $2,000,000, and that all 
from surface ore, the mine as yet being unde- 
veloped underground; ten additional stamps are 
now being put into the mill. 

The Salmon River mines include the great 
districts of Bay Horse, Poverty Flat, Squaw 
Creek, etc. 

The Squaw creek mines are principally owned 
by J. D. Murphy & Co., a New York City firm, 
Capt. C. B. Rustin and Messrs. Conover & 
Gaunt. But little has been done the past sea- 
son on any of the locations. 

Situated near the head of East fork of the 
Salmon river are what is known as the Ger- 
mania, Arctic, Idaho, Bible Back, Washington, 
Crcesus, Tyrolese, etc. The Germania shipped 
from July 1st to Nov. 1st 86,000 lbs. of ore that 
averaged 180' ozs. per ton. 

The mines in Yellow Jacket district, situated 
about 40 mibs north of Challis, are principally 
gold producing, and report speaks favorably of 
them. The principal mine in this camp has 
bsen owned and worked by Dr. Van Horn, and 
has just been sold to San Francisco parties for 
the sum of §30,000. The Bay Horse Mining & 
Smelting Co. ! s smelter, situated on Bay Horse 
creek, has a capacity of about 20 tons. On the 
15th of last June this furnace commenced work 
in earnest, and the result to the first of Decem- 
ber, when the works were closed, there was 40 
tons of bullion, valued at $S50 per ton or $340,- 

The Salmon River Mining & Smelting Co.'s 
smelter, situated on the banks of the Salmon 
river, at Clayton, has a capacity of about 30 
tnns, but only run 20 days the past season. The 
bullion produced wis of a good grade. 

Blackburn district is a new and important 
region just opening up, the great Tyndall lode 
being the chief. 

Leesburg district in northern Id lho is fast be- 
coming known as a region of great possibilities. 

Sawtooth district is on the extreme northerly 
tributaries of the Sinuous Salmon, and sepa- 
rated from the Wood River country by a range 
of mountains, over which is a goed wagon road. 
The distance from Vienna and Sawtooth to Ga- 
lena, head of Wood river, is 15 miles; to 
Ketchum 40 miles; to Hailey 55 miles; to Belle- 
vue 60 miles. The mines of Sawtooth district 
are divided into a number of belts. Those near 
Vienna are known as the Smiley Basin mines, 
and those in the vicinity of Sawtooth (seven 
miles north of Vienna) as the Beaver Canyon 
and Salt Creek belts. 

Next year will make a very great difference 
with Idaho. There has been a great deal of 
preliminary work done in the Territory this 
year. New reduction works have been put up, 
new mines opened, and old ones put in shape 
for development. Capital has been attracted to 
the newer regions— and even the old ones, like 
Owyhee, Boise, etc., have experienced a revival. 
Next season Idaho ought to be ready to turn 
out a great deal of bullion. It has suffered 
badly from lack of means of transportation, but 
these will before long be supplied, and the 
mines can then be better worked. There is yet 
a great extent of unprospected territory in 


Montana is credited last year with the pro- 
duction of 88 , 004,000, while she produced only 
§4,359,071 in 1881, and §3,S22,379in 18S0. Her 
progress is steady and rapid. The biggest camp 
in Montana is Butte, and she produced the most 
bullion. The Inter -Mountain of that place 
says : 

A careful review of the mining, milling and 
smelting affairs of this camp can lead but to one 
conclusion, viz. : that the outlook for the mining 
interest of the Summit Valley district for the 
season of 'S3 is fully as high as the most san- 
guine friends of the camp expected, and far 
brighter than that of any other camp on the Pa- 
cific coast. Owing to the depression in Eastern 
mining circles, and to the fact that so many 
speculators in Colorado properties were out- 
rageously swindled by the methods in vogue in 
that State, no little distrust as to the legitimacy 
Of mining as a business has been infused into the 

public mind, and really meritorious camps, great 
and permanent producers like Butte, have been 
condemned as being as ^unworthy of confidence 
as the veriest wild-cat, knife-blade district in 
the country. Thus it is that the city of Butte 
has not this fall enjoyed the bustle and excite- 
ment of a big boom, which, in the minds of 
some mistaken persons, is the only evidence 
that a camp has rich and productive mines. 
That the boom did not strike Butte is extremely 
fortunate, but if anyone thinks that because 
this district is not now the scene of extravagant 
flush times and crazy mining speculation the 
mines have shown the slightest deterioration, 
never was he more greviously in error. The 
fact is, that Butte to-day is shipping more bul- 
lion and matte than ever before. The mines 
are being ([worked to the deep, and solely on 
their merits. The ore in sight at present is 
twice as great in amount and fully as rich as 
one year ago. Our silver properties show con- 
stant improvement, and the copper mines have 
developed truly wenderful productive capacity 
since December, 1881, when the copper inter- 
est was looked upon as comparatively unimpor- 

The Alice, Lexington, Moulton, Silver Bow 
all have the latest improved hoisting machinery 
in operation, most of it having a power capable 
of sinking to the depth of 1,000 feet. The ag- 
gregate number of stamps rejiresented is 210. 
But productive and lasting as the silver mines 
undoubtedly are, they are likely to find formid- 
able rivals in the copper properties now being 
opened up. The Colusa for the past two years 
has produced from 50 to 100 tons of ore per 
diem, much of which has been shipped in a 
crude state, the remainder being smelted in the 
magnificent works which are now turning out 
on an average 18 tons of copper matte each day. 
The Parrot company is putting up new and 
heavy machinery, and expect to tax its power 
to the utmost in hoisting the immense quantities 
of ore now available for extraction in the Parrot 
mine. The 50-ton smelter is easily kept sup- 
plied. A competent authority states that the 
Parrot could now produce 150 tons per diem of 
first-class ore if desirable. The Rams- 
dell Parrot and .Shakespeare Parrot are also 
heavy producers, either of which could supply 
a 50-ton smelter with plenty of work. The 
Boston and Montana Company are working four 
mines, and the smelter is turning out copper 
matte at the rate of §1,000,000 per annum. 

In the Butte Inter-Mountain of the 13th we 
find the following : Owing to the fact that some 
of our mining and milling companies have not 
before completed a statement of their work for 
the year just closed, it has been impossible for 
the Inter- Mountain to present to its readers a 
correct and authorized tabulated statement of the 
year's production of silver, copper and gold in 
this district. Even now it is impossible to col- 
lect all the statistical details of the product, but 
the following figures, as far as completed, are 
correct: , 

Alice Co apany $ 850,000 

Moulton Company 406,92.' 

Silver Bow Oumpany , 418 473 

Lexington Company— th ee months' iun 310 COO 

Dexter Mill— Anaconda Company 100,i00 

Colorado a 1 d Montana CompaLy 865,000 

M< ntana Copper Company— matte 1,4 8.000 

Montana Copper Company — ore f2 i.JOu 

Be 1 Company— January to JuDe 324 00 

Parrot Company , ., . l,*7iy(li'i 

Longtnaid Concentrator 12',00i* 

Total .$6,831,793 

These figures are somewhat startling, but they 
are nevertheless true, and within a few days 
such additions will be made to the table by sta- 
tistics[not now obtainable of crude ore shipments, 
that the grand total will be swelled to $7,000 - 

The following table, showing the value of 
gold and silver bullion deposited at the United 
States Assay Office at Helena during the year 
1882, is published by the Helena Herald. In 
the item of gold 'deposited and treated the 
amount has increased yearly since 1877, the 
present annual showing being nearly double of 
that six years ago, and exceeding that of 18S1 
by upwards of $100,000. The slight falling off 
in the silver deposits is owing to the increase of 
shipments direct from contiguous mines to the 
East, being a saving to the companies in the 
item of freights. The bulk of silver bullion 
produced in the Helena district is transported 
to market in its crude form, and of course does 
not appear in the assay office figures 










._.. 50.701.91 

June 72.722 69 

July 80,173.89 

August 62,675.58 

September 73.599.31 

October 73.453.54 

NoTember 61,394.32 

Dec, estimated 16,000.00 

§ 4. 003. 07 

Total ItSl.. 

.. 570,536.63 

Increase $108,358. 




This is the first year that Texas was ever 
mentioned in the bullion tables, and it is cred- 
ited with a yield of $257,597 in silver. The 
most abundant metallic product of the State is 
copper. The copper belt extends from the Red 
river and the counties of Clay, Archer, Wichita, 
Haskell, etc., across the Rio Grande, through 
the counties of Pecos and Presidio, and yields, 
in immense quantities, an ore which will smelt 
on an average 55% of pure copper. In the im 
mediate vicinity are found timber and fluxes. 
Argentiferous galena is found in northwestern 
Texas. Manganese, cobalt, nickel and bismuth 
are also found. Iron occurs in the same region 
as copper. There are also large coal fields, 


We have from week to week given the cur- 
ent news from the Oregon mines, but, compared 
with the work done elsewhere, the State makes 
a small showing in mining. The mines are 
principally surface diggings, comparatively few 
quartz mines being worked. The product has 
been entirely of gold. We are unable to ob- 
tain statistics from all over the State, but of 
Grant county the News has gathered a good 
deal of information and apparently reliable fig- 
ures: A little more than 20 years ago the gold 
mines of Grant county were discovered by 
chance. A company of men from northern Cal- 
ifornia who were on their way to the then fa- 
mous mines of Salmon river, Idaho, camped for 
the night on Pine creek, and some of their num- 
ber found gold on the creek and staid to pros- 
pect more thoroughly. A little investigation 
convinced them that the mines of the vicinity 
were very rich, and in a short time Canyon 
creek was alive with men. The importance of 
this discovery to Grant county and to eastern 
Oregon can hardly be estimated. At the date 
of the discovery this county was a howling wil- 
derness, roamed by the fierce Umatilla and 
crafty Snake Indian. Now it is the home of 
miners, farmers and stockmen. 

For twenty years a stream of gold has been 
steadily pouring out of the county. The total 
output for these twenty years has been 
enormous, yet all attempts at estimating the 
amount are guesswork. Of late years much of 
the mining has been done by Chinese, who are 
very reticent concerning their operations. The 

§lacer mines of Canyon creek were among the 
rst to be worked, and have yielded more of the 
precious metal than any other creek in Oregon. 
At one time there were 5,000 men at work on 
the creek, and wages were very high then, so 
that the yield must have been large to pay ex- 
penses. The creek bottom, from hill to hill, as 
well as parts of the "rim," has been worked for 
six or seven miles. At present the principal 
work is being done by Chinese, near the mouth 
of the creek. There are probably 150 mining 
on the creek yet. It is impossible to tell how 
much gold they have taken out during the 
year, but is estimated at $100,000. 

The history of Dixie Creek is similar to that 
of Canyon Creek. It has been worked in the 
same way and has yielded largely. A Chinese 
merchant stated some time ago that hehadhan- 
dled $400,000 that was taken out by his country- 
men. , At present there are about 35 Chinese at 
work upon the creek, near Prairie City. It is 
estimated that they have taken out atleast$25,- 
000 during the year. The quatz mines near the 
head of the creek have attracted much attention 
during the year, althoug