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Full text of "The ministry of Taunton, with incidental notices of other professions. By Samuel Hopkins Emery ... With an introductory notice by Hon. Francis Baylies"

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Pastor of one of Ita Churches. 





"The glory of children are their fathers." — Paov. 17: 6. 
" The lord our God be with us, as He was with our fathers." —1 KiNOS 8 : 57. 






Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852, by 


In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the District of Massachusetts. 




MAR ^0 '** 



If it was far from the anther's purpose, when his atten- 
tion was first turned towards the early history of Taunton, 
to give the world the result of his researches in the form 
of a book, it was least of all contemplated, that it might 
extend to two volumes. It was found impossible however, 
as the work went on, to bring the materials at hand, with- 
in the limits of a single volume. 

It was hoped that subscribers would not complain, if the 
conditions of the subscription were so far varied, as to al- 
low greater completeness to the original design. The 
work, such as it could be, prepared amidst manifold other 
cares and duties, is now submitted to an indulgent public, 
with the single desire that it may add a little to the 
amount of knowledge concerning those who have preceded 
us, and greatly augment our regard for their memory. 

Taunton. Decenibe?'. 1852. 






Note A. Barnum's Sermon in 1762, 11-22 

Note B. Barnum's Sermon in 1769, 23-27 

Note C. Barnum's Sermon in 1775, 27-29 




NoTi A. Report of a Committee to supply the pulpit, 34 



An Ordination Sermon by Mr. Judson, in 1789, 45-76 

A Sermon on the Judgment of the Great Day, 77-113 


Note A. Appeal of the Church to the Congregation, 114-115 

Note B. Council called on dismission of Mr. Judson, 115-118 

Ancient Articles of Faith, of the Church in Taunton, 118-120 


The Meeting of Friends in Taunton, 121 

The Sandemanian Meeting, 121-122 

The Protestant Episcopal Church, 122-126 

The Congregational Church. West Taunton, 126-129 

The Congregational Church. Taunton Green, 129-140 

The Six Principle Baptist Church, ". 141-142 

The Taunton Green Baptist Church (Calvinistic,) 142-143 

The Trinitarian Congregational Church, 143-146 

The Free Will Baptist Church. North Taunton^ 146 

The Universalist Church, 147-148 



The Methodist Episcopal Church. "Weir Village, 148 

The Protest, or Reformed Methodist Church. South Taunton, . 148-149 

The Eoman Catholic Church, 149 

The Spring Street Church, 149-151 

The "VVesleyau Methodist Church, 151 

The Methodist Episcopal Church. Whittenton Village, 151-152 

The Central Christian Church, 152 

The Swedenboi'gians, 152 



Original Church Organization and Covenant, 153-155 

Kev. Joseph Avery, the first minister, 156 

Rev. Joseph Palmer, the second minister, 158-161 

Rev. Pitt Clarke, the third minister, 161-169 

Clarke's Sermon in 1794, 170-179 

Clarke's Right Hand of Fellowship in 1800, .179-182 

The Baptist Church in Norton, 182-183 

Congregational Trinitarian Church in Norton, 183-184 

The Wesleyan Methodist Church. Norton, 185 



Rev. Nathaniel Eisher, the first minister, 186-187 

Rev. John Smith, the second minister, 187-188 

Second Congregational Society in Dighton, 189-190 

Calvinistic Baptist Church and Society, 190 

Eirst and Second Christian Baptist Churches, 191 

Methodist Episcopal Church, 191 



Rev. Matthew Short, the first minister, 192-193 

Rev. Joseph Belcher, the second minister, 193 

Rev. Solomon Prentice, the third minister, 1 93-200 

Church Covenant of Easton, 194-198 

Rev. Archibald Campbell, the fourth minister, 200 

Rev. William Reed, the fifth minister, 200-203 

Rev. Mr. Reed's Sermon in 1784, 204-209 

Second Congregational Church, 209 



Episcopal Methodist Church and Protestant Methodist Church, 209 

Koman Catholic Church, 210 



Eev. John Wales, the first minister, 212-218 

Rev. Peres Fobes, the second minister, 218-235 

Dr. Eobes' Sermon at the Execution of Dixon in 1784, 235-247 

Rev. Stephen Hull, the third minister, 247 

Rev. Enoch Sanford, the fourth minister, 247-248 

Rev. Robert Carver, the fifth minister, 248 

The Calvinistic Baptist Church, 248 

The Second Congregational Church, 248-249 

Union Meeting, 249 



Organization of the Church, 250 

Rev. Samuel Tobey, the first minister, 251-254 

Rev. Thomas Andros, the second minister, 254-263 

Sermon of Mr. Andros in 1790, 263-277 

Rev. Ebenezer Poor, the third minister, .277-278 

Rev. J. U. Parsons, the fourth minister, 278 

Rev. Charles Chamberlain, the fifth minister, 278 

The Second Trinitarian Congregational Church, 278 



Church organized, its Creed and Covenant, 279--280 

Rev. Ebenezer White, the first minister, 281-284 

Rev. Roland Green, the second minister, 284-289 

Rev. Richard Briggs, the third minister, 289-292 

Rev. James H. Sayward, the fourth minister, 292-293 

Second Congregational Society, 293-294 

Eev. Mortimer Blake, its first minister, 294 

Society of Friends, 294-295 

Methodist Episcopal Church, 295 

Christian Baptist and Calvinistic Baptist Churches, 295 



Note A. Koland Green's last Sermon, 296-SOO 

Nois B. Eoland Green's Charge 301-304 


Conclading Remarks, 305-308 


NOTK A. Notice of Hon. Eol)ert Treat Paine, 309-316 

NoiE B. Letters of early ministers and settlers of Taunton, found among 

the Mather and Hinctley Papers of the Mass. Hist. Society,. , . .816-329 

The Lithographs and Autographs in this work, 330-336 

Index of subjects, 337-341 

Index of names, 341-345 

Chapter of errata, , 346 

List of subscribers, 347-360 





After the dismission of Mr. Crocker in 1765, several 
ministers occupied the pulpit, two of whom received a call 
to settle, which they declined, viz., Mr. Camp, and Mr. 
Lathrop, the latter afterward locating in Boston. The 
people at length were united in Rev. Caleb Barnum, who, 
accepting the call extended to him, became the seventh 
minister of the town. Mr. Barnum was a native of Dan- 
bury,* Conn. The early records of that town were de- 
stroyed in the Revolutionary War. The British advanced 
from Norwalk to Danbury, and burnt every public build- 
ing, thus laying waste the reserved stores for the Ameri- 
can army, and leaving not a vestige of the Town Records 
behind them. Nor can the memories of the fathers, nor 
family records, so far as I have been able to learn, supply 

* Of this town, Rev. Seth Shove, son of Rev. George Shove, the 
third minister of Taunton, was, as has been remarked in another part 
of this work, the Jirst minister. 


this deficiency in the case of the Barnum family. E-ev. 
Mr. Coe of Danbury informs me, that he sent my letter 
of enquiry "to Bethel,* a sort of hive of the Barnums, 
but witbout deriving any satisfactory information. " I 
have gone out," he continues, "in another direction some 
four miles, but dense darkness seems to rest upon the sub- 

From a descendant of the minister, residing in Taunton, 
I learn, (and it is the sum total concerning the ancestry 
from that source which I can learn,) that the name of his 
father was Thomas — of his mother, Deborah. A work 
has recently made its appearance in Hartford, Conn., call- 
ed "R. R. Hinman's Catalogue of the first Puritan Set- 
tlers of the Colony of Connecticut," to be issued in a 
series of numbers, the first of which, through the kindness 
of the author, I have been permitted to examine. Under 
the name of Barnum, he says : " In the early records of 
the Colony, this name is usually written Barnam, though 
it has changed to Barnum. It is supposed by many, that 
it was originally the same as Burnham, Burnam, or Burn- 
um, as the name is found on the different records in Con- 
necticut. I am inchned to believe the name is Barnham. 
If the family have their coat of arms, they may settle the 
question. Thomas Barnum, (Barnam, or Barnham,) of 
Fairfield, purchased land at Norwalk, as early as 1662. 
He received an appointment at Norwalk, as late as 16T6. 
His children born at Norwalk were Thomas, born July 9, 
1663 ; John, born February 24, 1676-7 ; Hannah, born 
October 4, 1680 ; Ebbmezer, born May 29, 1682. Mr. 
Barnum removed to Danbury in the early settlement of 

* If the name given to this locality was suggested by the character 
of the people, it speaks well for "the Barnums." 


the town,* and, perhaps had other children after his re- 
movaL Thomas Barnum, in 1681, was appointed hj the 
town, (that is, Norwalk,) ' to keep decorum d^^ring the 
exercises on the Sabbath, and at other pubhc meetings, and 
to keep a small stick, with vfhich moderately to correct 
the disorderly.' In 1671, he was put down in the list of 
estates at £40 of commonage. Barnum has three coats 
of .arms." 

In a communication received from Mr. Hinman, he 
states with considerable confidence that Rev. Caleb Bar- 
num " was a descendant of Thomas Barnum the first," 
whom he describes, " but through which son," he is unable 
to decide. He may have been the son of the eldest child 
of "Thomas the first," who bore the name of his father^ 
but more probably, he was of the third generation. He 
was born June 30, 173T. Peter T. Barnum, Esq., of 
Bridgeport, consulted an aged aunt of his, who was a Bar- 
num, and married a Fairchild, now ninety years of age, 
who remembers to have heard her father speak of a Caleb 
Barnum. He was three years younger than her father, 
whose name was Ephraim. " There is no one living noW; 
who knows any thing about him." Thus ignorant con- 
cerning one, who was no ordinary man, are the nearest 
family connections in a neighboring State. The truth ap- 
pears to be that the seventh minister of Taunton was 
either a grandson or great-grandson of one of the original 
settlers first of Norwalk, and next of Danbury, Connecti- 
cut. "He was educated," according to the assertion of 
some one in a newspaper paragraph, " at Princeton Col- 
lege, New-Jersey, where he was graduated in 1757," but 

* Thomas Barnum was one of the first eight settlers of Danbury. 
He had five sons. (Eohbins' Century ScrmonJ 


I find no record of this in "Farmer's Complete list of 
graduates," although it is stated, that Rev. Caleb Barnum 
received the honorary degree of Master of Arts in 1768, 
both at Princeton College, and at Harvard University. 
He was settled in the ministry first at Wrentham, in that 
part of the town now called Franldm, in the year 1760. 
Here he prepared the way for his distinguished successor, 
the Rev. Doctor Nathaniel Emmons. It was no small 
privilege to precede such a man in the ministry. It was 
sometime during the year 1768, that the minister of 
Franklin found his way to this place. He was not un- 
known to the people. His predecessor, Rev. Mr. Crock- 
er, had been m the habit of exchanging with him. I have 
read some of the sermons,* which Avere preached on these 
exchanges, and do not wonder at the interest which their 
delivery excited. 

Mr. Barnum was installed February 2, 1769.1 This 
fact is stated on the authority of one, who was formerly 
conversant with the records. We are without information 
concerning the services of that occasion. The minutes of 
the Installing Council, if there were any ; the proceedings 
of the church and society, and Pastor elect, have irre- 
trievably perished. 

When Mr. Barnum entered upon his ministerial work in 
Taunton, he was little aware probably of its short contin- 
uance, of its summary conclusion in the midst of less 
peaceful scenes than await one in the quiet retreat of a 
small country parish. Barnum was one of the clergy who, 
in the exciting movements of the age in which he lived, 
caught the enthusiasm of the times, and yielded himself 
up most heartily to the service of his country. He was a 

* Note A. t Note B. 


fearless, christian patriot. "When the tidings of the battle 
of Lexington reached Taunton, we are informed, that the 
Preacher of the town took occasion to speak of it from the 
pulpit,* and to rouse the patriotism and energy of his fel- 
low-citizens to do their appropriate work. In an animat- 
ed, and eloquent address, he invoked their aid in resisting 
oppression and procuring the liberties of their country. 
Nor did his own patriotism confine itself to words. It 
shared in the sacrifices and endured the toil, even " the 
burden and heat of the day." His sympathies were with 
those who in the Providence of God had been caUed from 
the quietude and security of their own peaceful firesides 
to the perils and exposure of the camp and the battle-field. 
He followed them in their wanderings, and on the 10th of 
February, 1776, entered the army in the capacity of a 
Chaplain, and was attached to the 24th Kegim-cnt com- 
manded by Col. John Greaton, then stationed in the vicin- 
ity of Boston. When Boston was evacuated, Barnum 
accompanied his Piegiment to New- York, thence to I\Ion- 
treal, where he was inoculated for the small pox. In the 
disastrous retreat from that Provmce, the muiister of 
Taunton, unaccustomed to such scenes, endured great 
hardships, as they who accompanied him testified, with 
exemplary christian fortitude. On the arrival of the army 
at Ticonderoga, he was attacked with a bilious disorder, 
which so impaired his health, and incapacitated him for 
his station, that he obtained a discharge on the 24th of 
July, and commenced his homeward journey, which how- 
ever was never completed. On the 2d of August, he 
reached Pittsfield, in .this State, and there his progress 
was arrested by an increase of the disease, which at length 
* Note C. 


terminated his life the 23d day of August, 1776, in the 
fortieth year of his age. He languished and died in the 
midst of strangers, but not unattended, nor uncared for 
by the kindest of friends, as the following letter from Rev. 
Thomas Allen, the minister of Pittsfield, addressed to the 
Representatives of that town, most amply testifies: 

''Pittsfield, Aug' St 2Qt}i, 1776. 

Last Friday died here, in the 40th year of his age, af- 
ter an illness of about thirty-six days, the Rev. Mr. Caleb 
Barnum, late minister of the Gospel in Taunton, much 
respected and greatly lamented. 

As this valuable person was much a stranger in this 
part of the country, we shall speak of him only in his last 
sickness and death, which seemed to verify that inspired 
declaration, " The path of the just is as the shining light, 
that shineth more and more to the perfect day." 

He engaged in the Continental service, as Chaplain to 
Col. Greaton's Regiment, stationed before Boston, some- 
time ui February last. After the precipitate flight of the 
rebels from Boston in the March foUowmg, he went with 
his Regiment to New-York, and from thence soon after to 
Montreal in Canada, where he was inoculated for the 
small pox. In this northern tour, he underwent various 
fatigues, from several causes, in an heroic manner. After 
the return of the army to Ticonderoga, he was taken sick 
of the bihous cholic, about the 18th of July, and obtained 
such relief from it, that on account of his ill state of health, 
having obtained a dismission from the army on the 24th, 
he was making his way home. 

He arrived at this place August 2d, in a weak state, 
where he languished of a bilious fever till the 23d, and 
then died. 


Dui'ing this season of distress, aggravated by diverse 
moving considerations, lie maintained an unclouded seren- 
ity of mind, the most exemplary patience, and submission 
to the will of Heaven. Not a repining word was uttered 
by him. He received the report of his physician, of the 
great hazard of his case, with equable firmness and com- 
posure of mind. Such sweetness of temper, such tran- 
quilhty of spirit, such serenity and peace in the near view 
of death and eternity, such patience under pain, and en- 
tire submission to God's disposing will, which appeared in 
him, manifested at once the power of those supports and 
consolation which he enjoyed, and the excellence of the 
Christian religion. " Mark the perfect man, and behold 
the upright, for the end of that man is peace." 

He discovered much of a spuit of gratitude to God in 
his last sickness, and a firm trust and confidence in Him, 
to take care of, support and provide for his wife and chil- 

Being asked his present views, in the approach of death, 
as to the goodness of the American cause, in which he 
had been engaged, and by means of which he was now 
about to die, he replied : 

" I have no doubts concerning the justice and goodness 
of that cause, and had I a thousand lives, they should aU 
be wilUngly laid down in it." 

He was interred yesterday afternoon, with great re- 
spect, when a funeral sermon was delivered from these 
words: (John 14th ch. 28th verse.) "If ye loved me, ye 
would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father ; for 
my Father is greater than I." 

He has left a widow, and seven children to lament their 


irreparable loss. " Lover and friend hast Thou put far 
from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness." 

Mr. Valentine Ratiibun, ) Bep-esentatives for 
Capt. Israel Dickinson, ) Pittsfield. 

"The appearance of Mr. Barnum," as those who re- 
member him represent it, " was commanding, his deport- 
ment dignified, and his manners pleasing and affable, 
uniting the paternal mildness of the clergyman with the 
grace and polish of the gentleman." But, as Mr. Baylies 
remarks, " the same fearless spirit, which bore him through 
the perils of war, developed itself in his pulpit, and in the 
administration of his parochial, and ecclesiastical affairs.* 
His contest with the Hon. Robert Treat Fame, respecting 
the baptism of his children, showed him the determined 
supporter of the rights of his church against that distin- 
guished and eminent parishioner.f Notwithstanding such 
occasional misunderstandings, he retained the strong at- 
tachment of his people to the last." 

Mr. Barnum married Priscilla, daughter of Rev. Caleb 
Rice of Sturbridge, Mass., and sister of Col. Nathan 'Rice, 
formerly of Hingham, afterward of Burlington, Vt., an 
aid-de-camp to Gen. Lincoln, during his Southern Cam- 

* The portrait which accompanies this sketch, would indicate the 
same traits — amiability, and mildness, not however without due energy 
of character, and when the exigency required, fii'mness. 

t The particulars of this " contest," as Mr. Baylies calls it, are not 
known to me. Mr. Paine, a native of Boston in 1731, was the son of a 
clergyman, who for a time was settled in Weymouth, but through failing 
health engaged as a merchant in Boston. His mother was a daughter 
of Rev. Mr. Treat of Eastham, who was son of Gov. Treat of Connecti- 
cut, whose wife was daughter of Rev. Samuel Willard of Boston. Of 
clerical descent on both sides, Robert Treat himself tried that profession 
first, and preached several times in his native city. He relinquished it 
however after a brief trial, but ever after, as I have understood, took 
great interest in theological subjects, and in one instance at least, came 
in collision with the views of Ms. Barnum, his minister, and the church. 


Mrs. Barnum was born Maj 16, 1741, and was married 
to Mr. Barnum, June 18, 1761. Thej had the following 
children : 

(1) Caleb, bom April 11, 1762, who married Nancy 
Paine of Thetford, Vt. Two children survive and reside 
in Maine. 

(2) Priscilla, born April 1, 1764, who married Capt. 
David Vickerj of Taunton. Three children survive, viz: 
Charles R. Vickerj, Esq., formerly Postmaster of the 
town, and present Cashier of the Machinists Bank, Taun- 
ton ; Mrs. Paddock Dean of Taunton, and a son in Fall 

(3) Deborah, born Oct. 27, 1766, who married Thom- 
as S. Baylies of Dighton, and died June 8, 1851, leavmg 
no children. 

(4) George, born May 25, 1768, who married Sally 
Cutler of Weston, Mass., and died Oct. 30, 1850, leavmg 
one son, who resides in Warren, Mass. 

(5) Mary, born Sept. 13, 1770, who died in infancy. 

(6) Thomas, born Oct. 30, 1772, who married SaHy 
Abraham of New- York City. They have no cliildren. 

(7) Anna, born Dec. 30, 1773, who married Rufus 
Child of Woodstock, Conn. Of ten children, seven are 
now living, and three, one son and two daughters, reside 
in Taunton. ]^Irs. Child is still living in Taunton, although 
entirely blind and quite infirm. 

(8) Polly, born Oct. 11, 1775, who married Rev. Pe- 
ter Nourse of Ellsworth, Me. They have no children. 

Mr. Barnum occupied the house, which a few years 
since was removed from the present site of S. 0. Dun- 
bar's Apothecary Shop, on Main Street, opposite "the 
Green," anc\ is now occupied by Samuel Wilde, Jr., 


nephew of Judge Wilde. The street, on which the " old 
Parsonage," where Mr. Crocker lived, is situated, now 
bears the name of "Barnum Street," and it maj be, that 
the minister lived there for a time. 


Note A. Page 4. 

I HAVE twenty of Mr. Bamum'a sermons in my hands, be- 
sides several fragmentary productions, whicb were loaned mo 
by the minister's daughter, Mrs. Child. Of the sermons, ten 
were preached before Mr. Barnum's Installation in Taunton, 
and of these, sis were delivered both in Wrentham (Franklin) 
and in Taunton. One in 1765, froni the text, (Matt. 8 : 25,) 
"And His disciples came to Him, and awoke Him, saying, 
Lord, save us; we perish." Concerning which text and the 
context, the Preacher observes, 

1st. The greatness and extreme severity of the storm. 

2d. The fact, Clu-ist was asleep. 

3d. When all their attempts are baffled, and thoy begin to 
despair of help from any other quarter, the disciples fly to 

4th. He reproves them for their timorousness. 

5th. He arises and with the majesty of a Grod, speaks the 
word, which stills the tempest, and creates a calm. 

From which points, considered at length, he passes to remark : 

1st. That the Church sometimes is in stormy and perilous 
circumstances in this world. 

2d. That the Great Master and Head of the Church may 
seem, as it were, asleep and inattentive to their distresses. 

3d. That it is the duty of His followers, at such a time to 
awake Him out of sleep by earnest prayer and supplication. 

It is a discourse eminently practical, and making a forcible 
appeal to the hearts of his hearers. 


Another sermon is from the Text (Matt. 3:7,) "Who hath 
warned you to flee from the wrath to come?" The object of 
the discourse is, to show, 

1st. What we are to understand by this "wrath to come?" 

2d. What we are to understand by the flight from it? 

3d. The dangers which usually attend such a flight. 

Among the dangers named under the last head, is the follow- 
ing : ' ' Trusting in the external performance of a round of duty 
on the one hand, or resting in an imaginary compliance with 
the terms of the Grospel on the other." And in concluding 
his consideration of this point he says : "Thus have I endeav- 
ored to guard you against the two rocks, on which millions have 
run to their ruin, under a notion of flying to and trusting in 
Christ. And may I not hope that some of you, who have long 
been settled on a false foundation are now convinced of your 
mistake and the rottenness of your foundation. Alas, Sirs, 
here is now a space for repentance, and why will you stifle the 
conviction, that gathers upon you apace, in spite of your disin- 
clination to act under its influence. The reasons which induce 
me to guard you with so much care against a mistake here, are 
these, That it is so frec[uent — so easy — and its consequences 
so appalling. May each of them have their due operation on 
you, to awaken just fear, and concern lest you come short of 
this rest." 

A third sermon in the series, was preached on a Thanksgiving 
occasion, in the year 1762, the 9th day of December. Text, 
Deut. 8 : 10, "When thou hast eaten, and art full, then thou 
shalt bless the Lord, thy God for the good land, which He hath 
given thee." On which, the Preacher proceeds to discourse, 
as follows : 

" The inspired apostle of the Gentiles, when speaking of the 
duty of Thanksgiving, enjoins it in these very extensive terms 
— "in every thing give thanks," iutunating that we should live 
habitually thankful. Let gratitude bear a part in all our reflec- 
tions on the Divine Conduct; for every dealing whether at pres- 
ent it have a more smiling or frowning aspect, being dictated 


baenum's sermon in 1762. 18 

by Infinite Tenderness, and accommodated by unerring wisdom 
to some nohle purpose, loell deserves such a tribute from us. 
But yet this argues not, but that some particular seasons in life 
are more suited to inspire us with such sentiments than others. 
As in our text, we find the duty reduced to the particular cir- 
cumstance and season oi fullness and satisfaction — "When 
thou hast eaten and art full, &c." This is part of the solemn 
address, which Moses made to the children of Israel just before 
they went over Jordan to possess the promised land — an ad- 
dress full of the most lively and striking remonstrances against 
the stupidity and ingratitude which miglit lead them into a for- 
getfulness of their kind Benefactor. Such remonstrances, my 
friends, as well suit our character, as a stupid and ungrateful 
People. Like Rebellious Israel, we need line upon line, pre- 
cept upon precept to keep us from the same excess of Ingrati- 
tude. Moses here speaks of what is eminently their duty, when 
they shall be brought to the land of plenty and wealth to which 
they were going. The whole chapter contains many important 
advices. (It has been read in your hearing this morning. ) 
You easily see how frequently and solemnly Moses repeats his 
charges of the same import to the Israelites, with a diversity of 
expression, to the degree that we are ready to object in our own 
mind against such a multiplicity of charges of the same nature, 
and say, what need is there of dwelling so long on the subject. 
One or tivo admonitions might be thought sufficient to engage 
the practice of a well disposed people. Yes, indeed a ivell dis- 
posed people ! But alas ! how far were they from meriting such 
a character ? They proved themselves to bo a stiff-necked and 
rebellious nation, in a variety of instances with which Moses 
upbraids them, and by which he enforces his exhortations to 
their future obedience. All which is an argument of his just 
suspicion and fear that when they were brought into the rich 
and plentiful land of Canaan and made partakers of its dainties, 
they would be stupid enough to deny God the due return of 
praise, which he justly demands. G-od certifies to them by the 
mouth of Moses, that they shall surely perish in consequence of 


sucli conduct. And now, my hearers, judge I pray you between 
Grod and His people of old, and say whether there is any un- 
reasonable suspicion in these fears, or any unjust severity in the 
sentence passed upon them. Consider attentively and judge im- 
partially. But take heed, lest while you judge others, you con- 
demn yourselves. For it sftall be our present business— 

1st. To attempt to show what peculiar obligations and mo- 
tives the current year affords us to bless Grod for the comforts 
of life. Then 

2d. What reason we have to fear this just tribute will be 
denied him. 

Now as this is what we call our annual Thanksgiving, the 
peculiar design of which is for a religious remembrance of the 
valuable productions of the earth, and Grod's crowning the year 
with His Goodness in this respect, so I shall principally re- 
tain your attention here, and endeavor to assist your 7neditation $ 
in the Review. Yet I hope not entirely to pass over in silence 
those never to be forgotten Blessings with which our arms have 
b©en crowned, and above all, those blessings which the Gospel 

1st. "We are to mention some of those circumstances which 
render the productions of the Earth this year more than com- 
monly valuable to us, which may add a peculiar force to the 
motives of our Thanksgiving this day. Nature herself teaches 
us that we ought to be thankful to the bestower of any benefit, 
by abhorring the ungrateful beggar, who receives the alms of 
unobliged Benefactors without some warm expressions of Grati- 
tude. Now, then, my hearers, if we are unthankful, the hase- 
ness of our Ingratitude will arise in proportion as the hand of 
God was observable in relieving us from the extremity of last 
Summer's Drought. The motives which arise from this quarter 
are as important as they are plain and familiar to every one's 
mind. I entreat you a little to consider, to what a sad extrem- 
ity we were reduced — by what means we were relieved — and 
how conspicuous the hand of God was both in the extremity 
and the relief. 

barnum's seemon in 1762. 15 

1. Consider to what fearful straits we were reduced. I can 
hardly persuade myself that your memories are so dull, but 
that you often reflect on the day of distress. Especially since 
you have so many sad monuments to remind you of it. For 
how many sad revolving days and weeks, and months, did the 
Heavens seem to be as brass over us, and the Earth as iron un- 
der us, and the rain of our land but powder and dust, and in 
consequence of this, with what difficulty did we sometimes find 
water, the common refreshment of Nature to relieve our thirst 
and the thirst of our cattle. How melancholy was the Prospect 
when like the People in Jeremiah's time, we came to the water 
pits, (I mean our wells, the common reservoirs of water,) and 
found none — we returned with our vessels empty. Because 
the ground was chapt — for there was no rain in the Earth. 
The plowmen might be justly ashamed and confounded, and 
how did our cattle snufF up the wind, as an expression of their 
distress, while their eyes failed, because there was no grass. 
(Jer. 14: 3, 4.) And there cannot be a reasoyiahle doubt 
with any of us, but if God had not changed the dealings of His 
Providence speedily, the consequence of such a calamity would 
have been inevitable death perhaps to many of us, and the most 
of our cattle — a death dreadful in proportion to all those bright 
horrors which must have attended the lingering circumstances 
of it. But, my friends, in proportion to the horror and dread 
of such an extremity must be the joy of our kind deliverance, 
(as, Blessed be Grod ! we are so far delivered as to wait His 
further bounty,) and the manner in which relief was sent in 
such great distress must give the blessings consequent on them 
a most endearing recommendation. 

2. It was in ansiver to the prayers of God's People. This 
sacred Dwelling is witness to our repeatedly assembling on this 
very occasion to implore relief in this regard, and it deserves 
our grateful remembrance, how that before our first exercise 
was ended, it began to rain, and in the interval of worship, 
there was a very copious shower, in which some of us were 
agreeably wet. [The reader will notice how this remarkable 


answer to prayer in 1762 accords witli a similar instance in 
the early history of our country, which gave rise to the 
Jirst Thanksgiving in 1623.] And now seriously consider, 
whether we should not dishonor and do injustice to the Being 
who has styled Himself a Prayer-hearing Grod, if we should not 
look on that shower, to be sent in answer to the humble prayer 
of His people ; especially since not only we, (among whom we 
ought not to imagine He is left without a witness in this respect,) 
but sundry neighhoring churches were assembled on the same 
day and for the same end. And when shall we look on any 
mercy as coming in answer to prayer, if not on tlds, I am un- 
able to tell. And indeed in general, we have reason to think, 
that Grod first disposes His people to ^jroy for particular bless- 
ings before He hestoivs bhem upon us. And sinners should 
know, that all the 7nercies which they receive come to them by 
means of the liigMeous, who are the excellent of the Earth and 
in a sort the Pillars and Props of it. Take the Eighteous out 
of the world, and what would remain'^ gather the wheat from 
the tares, and I ask of what importance or significancy would 
the remainder be ? So that such as revile us for trusting in 
God, and for our ascrihing to Him the glory due for mercies 
received in such a manner, hurt themselves more than they do 
us. We -will joyfully acknowledge, and boast in the agency of 
Providence in all these things, and look on ourselves bound in 
duty to praise Him, as having heard and answered our prayer, 
when we had the Blessing immediately granted, which we were 
enlarged to pray for. And as this is the tune for our recountino- 
the mercies of the preceding year, this, it seems, should by no 
means be excluded from our grateful remembrance, for it is the 
mercy toithout which our hopes must have been dismally dark, 
and our tables destitute of those delicious dainties, which may 
this day crown them and feed us. Oh ! Blessed be God, there 
is a Throne of Grace ! And surely it must make our mercies 
doubly precious, when we consider, 

3d. That they were granted in such a manner, as rendered 
the Hand of God remarkably conspicuous. "\Ye have a lono- 

barnum's sermon in 1762. 17 

time been afflicted with war and bloodshed ; but in all our ad- 
vantages and victories gained, God has seen too much of a dis- 
position in us to wave a consideration of His agency in them. 
He has seen it, I doubt not, with just displeasure, how we have 
attributed it to the conduct of our Generals, the courage of our 
soldiers, or some hitman foresight and activity. But to cramp 
our vain ambition. He has opened a scene of a different nature. 
He has been scourging us with the calamity of Drought, in 
which He must appear to every eye on the most transient reflec- 
tion to be the sole agent in the bringing on, and in the removal 
of it. 'Tis His sovereign prerogative to command the clouds 
that they rain not — 'Tis His also, to bid them dissolve into de- 
scending showers. He is the father of the rain, and begets the 
drops of refreshing dew. Thus has Ho been as it were, dig- 
ging deep to hide pride from our ejes; for there is nothing 
from which human agency or even human instrumentality is 
more evidently excluded than from this. In this, vain is the 
help of man. This then is wholly the Lord's doing, and we 
may well say, it is truly marvellous in our eyes. To whom then 
do our praises belong for such unmerited relief? What shall 
we render unto the Lord for all his benefits? Benefits not only 
dearly purchased by the blood of the Son of Grod, but being 
forfeited, God has seemed, as it were, again to interpose, and 
secure them when we were almost ready to despair. We are 
directed to pray that God would give us our daily bread, which 
supposes it always to have been His sov'reign, unmerited gift 
— what we can lay no absolute claim to. But what shall bo 
said of it now ? Certainly it appears more eminently His, and 
the strength of constitution, the firmness of nerve which it is 
the means of procuring, we are under peculiar obligations to 
devote to God. So that it may be said to us, as to Israel in the 
text — "When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt 
lless the Lord thy God for the good land which He hath given 

Wonderful as the dealing of God's Providence has been, in 

granting us, as we would hope, a competency, though not an 
o * 


affluence of the necessaries of Life, we should certainly be de- 
linquent in our duty this day, if we failed to recognise the fav- 
ors of a National kind. We may this day with pleasure con- 
gratulate each other on the birth of a Prince, — one, whom wo 
ought to hope and pray may be raised up for a scourge to Pope- 
ry and a friend to Protestantism. As the praises of United 
Nations have ascended for the safe Deliverance of our Illustri- 
ous Queen in the perils of Child-Bed, and for the gift of a new 
born Prince, so let our inconsiderable tribute also be paid, 
though we despair of having the foolish ambitions gratified, 
which may lead some to pour their flattery into the Royal ear. 
To be devoutly thankful for such an important event without an 
human eye to behold, or tongue to applaud, gives the most re- 
fined pleasure. Let us not forget to pay our thanks to the King 
of Kings, that He has preserved our Earthly King, in the en- 
joyment of His health, the exercise of his virtues and the main- 
tenance of his glory. And how can we pass over in silence the 
renowned conquest of the Havannah— -the opulent town and 
almost impregnable fortress. When first France obtained the 
late alliance of Spain, and soHcited Portugal to join them against 
Great Britain, how melancholy then was the prospect with us ; 
and what increased the terror of the juncture and even douhled 
its horrors, was the Revolution — shall I call it the hajypy Eev- 
olution, when the wise and incomparable Pitt resigned the seals. 
But the resignation of this great man was divinely over-ruled, 
so as not to cause any considerable mischief as we yet can learn, 
though at the first greatly feared. Portugal refusing to form 
an alliance with Spain and France against Great Britain on the 
principles of Honor and Public Faith, (having engaged to be 
neuter,) the two former endeavor to hribQ hevjirst; and when 
they found that Flattery in all its forms was insufficient to pre- 
vail, they began to insult and threaten in the most inhuman and 
shameful manner, but agreeably to the title which the King of 
Portugal bears, he was faithful in his engagements to Britain, 
and held them sacred in opposition to the united terrors of 
Spain and Franco. But though Portugal strenuously refused, 

barnum's sermon in 1762. 19 

we justly think that the two other powers were 7nore than a 
match for ns. For we generally think that men and money, 
(where there is enough of each, J are the most essential articles 
in War. "Well, France, if I may so say, has more than us, of 
the one, and Spain an immensity of the other. But regard the 
works of the Lord, and thankfully consider the operation of 
His hand. Spain is severely scourg'd, as we have reason to 
think, on account of her unjust and quite needless alliance with 
France against us altogether tmprovoked. The Havannah — a 
place of very considerable strength, and otherwise of vast im- 
portance to Spain, being the key to Mexico, and a covert to 
other Spanish settlements in South America, has been wrested 
from her. And though we are not altogether without pain in 
the reflection, that there have been many lives lost, some by the 
sword and more by the pestilence, which still continues to rage 
there, yet we may congratulate each other and bless the Lord, 
that a most unnatural conspiracy has been lately discovered, 
formed by a Bishop to assassinate all the English, &c. Not to 
mention our advantages by sea, which have not been inconsid- 
erable, particularly the immense treasure found on boarding the 
Hermoine, &c. Then there is the taking of Newfoundland, so 
important an acquisition with reference to our Fisheries. Thus 
proud Lewis with his good natured ally, from those towering 
hopes with which they were doubtless inspired, whenj^rs^ their 
covenant of Friendship was formed, are reduced to make almost 
any shift, for the preservation of their dignity. Particularly 
the former is brought to sue for peace. May our Gracious 
Sov'reign who is disposed to peace have the tvisdom from above 
which may be profitable to dnect and over-rule the disposition 
so as not to plight his hand in friendship with such a perfidious 
monarch only on terms honorable and glorious on our side, and 
so as to prevent any future outbreak. Oh ! how bright do Bri- 
tain's glories shine ! But let us not boast as those who are put- 
ting off the harness, it may be we are but girding it on. Tho 
Superintending Providence which has opened this joyful pros- 
pect may give us night for day, may close the scene of war with 


infamy and misery to ?w; wliich we shall be the more ready to 
believe when we consider as proposed, 

2d. What reason we have to fear that the Just Tribute of 
Grratitudc will be denied the Great Giver of every good and 
perfect gift. It was the hypocritical character of Israel, that 
though they sang God's praises, they soon forgat His works. So 
we find Moses, the Man of God, unwearied and abundant in his 
admonitions, and exhortations to them in our text and context, 
which were so many demonstrations of his suspicion that they 
would prove ungrateful and rebellious. And why may not / 
reasonably be jealous over you with a godly jealousy ? Is there 
no danger of your being ungrateful ? Has yoiir conduct in the 
general been such as would justify the laying aside my fear ? 
Oh ! that there were less cause for my fear and jealousy over 
you ! The general reason why I think there is danger of your 
ingratitude, after having had such signal kindnesses granted, is 
founded on the practice of the Jews. That people were highly 
favored of the Lord by wonders, and signs and mighty works, 
and yet ungrateful. Human nature being all of a piece the 
world over and in all generations, I suppose I have reason to 
fear the same of you. For they had much stronger motives to 
Thanksgiving and praise than you have had — excepting the 
crowning motive, which alas ! is overlooked, despised and set at 
naught by far too many of you — Need I mention it to you? 
The Son of God dying on a Cross of Love — and with i]\h pe- 
culiar circumstance does God commend His Love, that while 
we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Hence should our 
warmest gratitude arise — hence our faith — our hope — our 
Love should spontaneously spring. What are all the necessa- 
ries of Life, though procured in a manner Divinely Glorious 
(as ours are) compared to this mysterious, incomparable Dis- 
play of Divine Love ! What are the supplies of a mortal life 
compared to the cordials of an immortal soid ! And yet has 
not this motive been too much forgotten when it should be the 
foremost ? For Christ is the Great Procurer of these merciea 
we are this day celebrating, and can we pretend a sincere grai- 

baenum's sermon in 1762. 21 

itude for them, while all Ills charms, and riches of Fullness arc 
neglected? And can we give you any other character but that 
of neglecters of Christ, while you profane His Day, pollute His 
Worship, neglect His ordinances, and run counter to His hiown 
commands ! Oh ! my friends, do not the consciences of many 
of you at least, testify against you this day that you are verily 
guilty before God, and at the same time testify to the truth of 
what I am endeavoring to prove — that we have reason to fear 
that the just tribute of Gratitude will be denied the Great Giv- 
er of every good and perfect gift. 

Having thus finished what was proposed, I shall close with a 
brief application. And as this is the day, in which we do in a 
peculiar sense eat, and are filled, so we should remember to 
bless God for the good land and the wholesome jiroductions of 
it, with which we are favored. As this is the Day, in which wo 
commonly have our tables furnished, so far as we conveniently 
can, not only with the necessaries, but also with the Dainties 
and Delicacies of Life, as a kind of solemn sacrifice, and wit- 
ness to God of the reality, sincerity and fervency of our Grati- 
tude for His undeserved Benignity the past year, so we ought 
to consider that this Being will not bear to be trifled with for- 
ever, and that He loves the sacrifice of a broken heart and a 
contrite spirit. 

A word to Sinners and Saints. 

1. Sinners, I would this day charge you, as Moses did Israel, 
' ' When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the 
Lord thy God for the good land which He hath given thee." 
Let a full stomach and a warm back (if I may be allowed so 
homely an expression,) inspire sentiments of Gratitude instead 
of increasing the stupidity which is your shame and your mis- 
cry. Let me charge you, that you grow not wanton, and Jesh- 
urun-iike kick against the Goodness of the Lord — you'll find it 
hard to kick against the pricks. I charge you that an immedi- 
ate check be put to your vain merriment, your unhallowed joy 
which now perhaps you are flushed with the hope of pursuing. 
I charge you by Him on whose bounty you feed, from whoso 
vesture you are clothed, and whose are all your ways — I chxargo 


you by the dying agonies of the Savior, at whose expense you 
live in such comfort and plenty, and (what is still more worthy 
our notice,) at whose rich expense you have all the various im- 
pressions, whereby you are ready to cry out, what shall I do to 
be saved — I charge you by the tremendous power, which you 
are seeming to be at pains to provoke, not to turn these blessings 
which we this day celebrate into curses ; and indeed they must 
be curses to you who pervert them to the horrid purpose of re- 
bellion and ingratitude. I charge you by the rod of God which 
is still hanging over you, with respect to the judgments which 
are abroad in the Earth. May Glod deal with us better than 
our fears I Though now perhaps you may enjoy a firmness of 
health, yet He who has disease and health, who has death and 
life at His command, may with infinite ease command the one to 
depart, and the other to take its place. And who can tell but 
this is the last Thanlcsgiving which you shall see — I mean such 
of you as are putting off the thoughts of death, and imagine 
this or that neighbor will go first. Plow 7nany have been mis- 
taken so. And indeed these may be the very last warnings you 
will ever hear from me or from this desk. I may be called to 
visit you soon on a dying bed and folloio you to your long 
home. And can there be any thing more terrible than to die in 
your sins? Yes, Sinner, I can tell you oi one thing more dread- 
ful than immediate death and immediate damnation. The Bles- 
sed Grod may say — as for the wretched creature, who has so 
long abused my Grace and compassion, let him still Yuq — let 
him live in the midst of prosperity and joZew^^^ — let him live 
under the purest and most powerful ordinances too, only to 
abuse them, to aggravate his condemnation, and die under 
se^'e?i-fold guilt and a seven-fold curse. I will not give him 
grace to think of his ways — he may go on from bad to worse, 
till death shall come and do its dreadful work. Alas ! to be 
left thus reprobate and insensible in time, is if possible mo7'e 
dreadful than the damnation of eternity!" 

The author had designed an address to Saints, but I do not 
find it in his MS. His pen here rested, as he does Jiow, and for 
nearly a century has rested from his labors. 

barnum's sermon in 1769. 23 

Note B. Page 4. 

The sermon preacTied in Taunton, by Mr. Barnum, the first 
Sabbath after his Installation, that is, Feb. 5, 17G9, is still in 
existence. It is from the text found in ii. Cor. 5: 20, "Now 
then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech 
you by us ; we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to 

-The application or "improvement" of the doctrine of the 
discourse which he discusses fully, is as follows : "1. Is it as 
we have heard, my brethren, — hence then learn how laborious 
a work is the work of the ministry. They have to entreat you 
again and again, perishing sinners, to be reconciled to God, and 
though they remain stupid and careless, we arc to follow the 
suit, — we are to stem the torrent, — swim against the tide, 
however strong and powerful it is. Oh, let your prayers and 
cries to heaven for me never cease. As I am now well assured 
of all the assistance you can give, so let me ever be. What a 
kind alleviation of other numerous discouragements will this be. 
Brethren, pray for us, that we may not faint or flag at the many 
difficulties we have to encounter, but that we may find the grace 
of God abundantly sufficient for us, that we may be faithful and 
successful in the Lord's work. 

2. Are God and man at variance, and is God willing to be 
reconciled to us, and yet we backward to be reconciled to him ? 
What reason have we to abhor ourselves for the obstinacy and 
pride of our hearts ! How undutiful are we to our rightful 
sovereign ! How ungrateful and abusive to our greatest bene- 
factor ! What ! at enmity with God and persist in it, though 
he has formed, and nourished and brought us up, and is contin- 
ually loading us with his mercies and urging us by his ambassa- 
dors to be reconciled to God through Christ, and to enjoy an 
everlasting friendship ! Who of us can seriously consider on 
such ingratitude as this without the deepest shame and confusion? 
Oh sinner, stand and wonder you are not consumed ! 


3. Learn to live a considerate and prayerful life — tliink often 
of your present wretchedness out of Christ — let these things 
lie with weight on your minds till you feel yourselves undone 
creatures ; nor rest content till you are reconciled to God by 
the conquering power of his grace. And as you are by the 
Providence of Grod given to me as my beloved charge in the 
Lord, and I to you as an overseer and watchman and an ambas- 
sador for Christ, I would now address you as the people of my 
charge according to your different and respective classes. 

I. In the first place I would turn myself to you, my honoured 
fathers and mothers, and would speak with all that filial respect 
which is due from me to you, while I remember my ofl&ce as an 
ambassador for Chiist. You have been inhabitants of this stage 
of action perhaps fifty, sixty or seventy years. You have seen 
many a new and surprising scene both of joy and sorrow, but 
cannot expect to be the spectators of many more. Your glass of 
probation is near an end, a few steps more will bring you to your 
journey's end. If God should be pleased to lengthen out my 
life to but a few years, I shall expect to visit you on a dying 
bed, and what shall I say or do to give you comfort then, if you 
neglect a reconciliation to God now. It behoves you to watch 
and pray, lest you let slip one moment of time given you for 
the purposes of religion. Are any of you settled on a false 
foundation, and dreaming you are going to heaven, whereas you 
are in fact travelling the downward road ? Is your heart on 
things above or below ? Do you daily meditate with sweet de- 
light on God and Divine things ? Do you love the service of 
God here and find yourselves maturing for a better world ? Let 
me solemnly charge you as in the name and fear of God that 
you take diligent heed to secure the one thing needful before 
death overtake you, which to the eye of reason is just at hand. 
You may observe the decays of nature in every withered limb — 
all this is sure evidence of your approaching dissolution. Oh, 
that you might profit the little while you may live imder my 
ministry, so that I may be a happy instrument of increasing 
your eternal gains. 'Tis hopeful, many of yoii have amved to 

barnum's sermon in 1769. 25 

uncommon degrees of grace as you liave been permitted to ar- 
rive to an unusual age. Oh that as you feel the decays of the 
outer man, so your inner man might grow stronger and stronger 
through the grace which is in Christ Jesus, — and when the 
king of terrors shall arrest you, may he serve as a friendly mes- 
senger to waft you from this dusky twilight to a brighter day, 
and may the happy influence of your prayers for me appear vis- 
ible in the success of my ministry when you are sleeping in the 

•II. Nbw I would turn myself to you who are commonly call- 
ed middle-aged. You, my friends, have visited the gayest 
scenes of life, and are carried clear beyond the days of youth, 
you have perhaps spent many years in gaining an estate, and 
let me put the question : — Among all your gettings have you 
got wisdom and understanding, i. e., to know the fear of the 
Lord ? A moderate care after the world is laudable, when we 
keep our consciences void of offence towards God and man. 
But without a comfortable hope of our reconciliation to God, 
one would be ready to think a rational creature could not take 
the comfort in the world he otherwise might: — this will sweeten 
all and every mercy, and as an ambassador of Christ, I would now 
pray you above all things else to see to it that you are reconciled 
to God. See to it, that you love Christ above father, mother, 
wife or child, and as you would hope to profit under the means 
of grace dispensed by the instrument you have chosen, let your 
eyes be constantly turned to God for the preparation of your 
heart to receive, as mine to give — and the blessing of God to 
attend my labors in the various distribution of them. And as 
we hope your former worthy pastor whose memory is, and always 
will be precious to you, was made an instrument of the conver- 
sion of any of you, so I may be honoured as an unworthy in- 
strument for your further progress in grace and holiness. Breth- 
ren pray for me ! 

III. I would say a word or two to those who are in the prime 
and bloom of youth. My young friends, I can say to you of 
my age, as the Apostle said to those of his nation, mj ear- 


nest desire and prayer to Grod is that you may be profited hy 
the means dispensed by me. As you are now in the bloom of 
youth, and you prosper in life and health — Oh that your souls 
may above all prosper and that you might remember your Crea- 
tor. You will by and by be in places of trust and influence, 
when these seats shall be emptied of our fathers, and they sleep- 
ing in the grave. Oh, to be qualified by the grace of God. 
Oh, that we might go hand in hand in religion — that you may 
grow up all Nazarites in whom there is no guile. Now is a gra- 
cious opportunity to be reconciled to God through Christ. See 
that you receive the message by the messenger God has sent 
you. Be assured that you are my hope for the prosperity of 
the next generation. Oh, that I may not be deceived. Oh, 
that God would early sanctify you, that we may see the pleasure 
of the Lord prospering whenever our fathers are dead and gone. 
Oh, that our hearts may be knit together like David's and Jon- 
athan's and we see many happy years together. In order to 
this, as an ambassador of Christ, and as though God did be- 
seech you by me, I pray you in Christ's name, be ye reconciled 
to God. 

IV. I would address myself to the little children of the con- 
gregation. Be assured, dear children, I look on you as no con- 
temptible part of my charge. You have immortal souls to save 
or to lose as well as any of us ; and do you know that wicked 
children must go to hell? and you are all so, and must share 
this portion, except you com.e to Christ for life. The great God 
has sent me to warn and invite you — and see to it, that you 
obey. Don't rest easy without praying to God for his pardon- 
Ino' mercy, and that he would reconcile you to Himself ; and if 
you don't know how, ask your parents to teach you. They'll 
gladly embrace ihc opportunity — so that you may go to heaven. 
And do you remember always to pray for me, when you pray 
for yourselves. And you who are of a different complexion 
from us, I also count as part of my charge, and do now solemn- 
ly exhort you to be reconciled to God. You arc ready to think 
your lot is hard — ^but what is it compared to slavery to sin and 
ignorance ! 

barnum's sekmon i^' 1775. 27 

I concluilc with a word to tliis wliolc assembly of sinners . 
I've come, ye dear people of my charge, as an Ambassador of 
Christ to you, and would now in his name and stead, pray you 
to be reconciled to God. We would preach the terrors of the 
Lord as means suitable to alarm and conyinee you of your need 
of a Saviour, and we would set before you the invitations of tlio 
Gospel, and the grace, beauties and glories of the Divine Em- 
manuel, that you through the power and grace of God, may be 
willing to be reconciled to him through Christ. But be assured 
if you continue to refuse you must perish. A faithful and true 
witness has declared with his own mouth, " ho that believes not 
shall be damned." Oh, how can you bear to lie under the 
dreadful wrath of the groat and terrible God in the flames of 
hell, without one drop of water to cool your scorched tongues • 
Then rest not in your present condition, and though you must 
take all possible pains in religion, read, hear, pray, meditate 
and strive with all vigor and earnestness — yet don't depend on 
that, or think that God is obliged in the least to save you on that 
account — but might justly cast you off forever. Come there- 
fore as a needy, guilty, perishing beggar to a full, glorious and 
all-sufficient Christ, who is most ready and willing to save you. 
If any one thirst, let him come to Christ and drink. Oh, don't 
delay : Thousands have been ruined that way. Hear the Lord's 
voice to-day, — submit and be reconciled forever." 

Note C. Page 5. 

' One of the sermons in my possession, was preached probably 
not long before Mr. Barnum left Taunton for the field of battle, 
and after the commencement of hostilities. It is founded on 
the declaration of Paul to the chief captain, (Acts 22: 28,) 
" But I was freeborn." Under the head of "Lnprovement," 
be remarks : 

" 1st. If our civil rights and Privileges are so precious as we 
have heard, it will then follow, that to be dqirivcd of them, is 
a very great judgment of Heaven. 


"2d. Since tlie Apostle Paul insisted on the enjoyment of 
those civil rights as a Roman which were infringed upon, we 
are taught our duty in the like situations." I am tempted to 
^-Mo^e what he says on this point. "It is our duty to cZa«/?i 
those charter privileges, which have been injuriously diminish- 
ed. It is matter of joy that the united body of this people have 
had the resolution and fortitude to enter their claims and still to 
keep them up. Tamely and meanly to have crouched to the 
Burdens would have been undervcduing the Blessings of Prov- 
idence, and it would have been an affront to the Grod, who at 
first gave these rights, and has carefully j^t'eserved them to us. 
What the patriotic Mr. Pitt (noio Lord Chatham) said on hear- 
ing that the Stamp Act was opposed here, is truly memorable 
and applicable to the present case. ' I rejoice that America 
has resisted.' But while I say this, justice requires that we 
condemn the lofty strains of triumph, of menacing — the base 
inflammatory pieces, which we sometimes hear and read in our 
newspapers, and the base reflections on the persons and charac- 
ters of such as deserve well of all, for aught that appears ; so 
irritating and offensive to authority that methinks a sober man 
must have been sometimes at a loss to conclude whether this 
good cause of ours suffers most from the weakness, and impru- 
dence of its friends, or the open attacks, and secret machina- 
tions of its enemies. There is a sort of dignity and energy in 
Truth and Right which stand in no need of fraud or injustice 
to support it, but will of their own native tendency rise superi- 
or to all opposition. Injustice, scurrility, and abuse cdways 
give just suspicion of the goodness of the cause, which they are 
intended to aid. IMoreover to do thus is to be guilty of the 
self same thing, which we complain of in others. Christianity 
allows us not to render evil for evil, but good for evil. We had 
better suffer in a good cause, than take any undue method to 
extricate ourselves. To do evil that good may come is a maxim 
abhorrent to the Bible and utterly subversive of all common 
Native Justice. No sober Christian can consistently with his 
character admit one single step of Injustice in order to relieve 

BARmiM'S SERMON IN 1775. 20 

from tlic greatest distresses. Better die tlian sin ; and to oppose 
Rulers ruling icell, and keeping within the hounds of the Con- 
stitution, is to oppose the ordinance of Grod. It is a crime of 
tlio first magnitude. But to oppose such as violate their trust, 
is so far from being opposition to the ordinance of God, that it 
is directly the reverse of it. It is resisting a Violation of the 

The Preacher proceeds to caution his hearers however against 
a too he en resentment of the injuries done. lie would have 
their "zeal tempered with prudence. ^^ He would have them 
" take their steps sloivly, that they tread the more surely. Kash- 
ncss and precipitancy are frequently attended with disappoint- 
ment." And he closes his discourse with urr/ing his hearers 
to think especially of the Precious Liberty of the Gospel which 
Chiist hath oLtained for them at an incalculably precious price. 
I have thus largely quoted from this Discourse, that you might 
see the jirudence and loisdom of this Christian j^atriot, who at 
last laid himself upon the altar of his Country's liberty, and 
became one of the immortal martyrs of the Kevolution. 




The successor of Mr. Barnum, in the ministry of Taun- 
ton, was Mr. Elias Jones. Mr. Baylies says of him: "he 
Tvas a young man of prepossessing manners, and address, 
and fine talents for the pulpit." I have heard some of 
the aged men remark, that their fathers told them, " Mr. 
Jones was one of the most able ministers they ever heard 
preach." The action of the church in giving him a call 
to settle with them, has recently come to light, as also the 
proceedings of the ordaming Council. 

" Taunton, Ajml 15tJi, 1777. 

At a church meeting duly warned, to know the mind of 
the brethren with regard to giving Mr. Elias Jones a call 
to settle with them in the Gospel muiistry, the brethren 
met accordingly, and after looking up to Almighty God 
for direction, Rev. Mr. Niles of Abington, being Pro\i- 
dentially present, the following votes were passed : 

1. That Rev. Mr. Niles be Moderator of this meeting. 

2. The question was put, whether the brethren be ready 
to give a call to any gentleman to settle with them in said 
"work ? Passed in the affirmative unanimously. 

3. Whether it be the mind of the brethren to elect Mr. 
Elias Jones to settle with them in said work ? Passed in 
the affirmative unanimously. 


4. Whether thej would choose a Committee to serve 
Mr. Jones with a copy of the proceedings of said meet- 
ing? Passed in the affirmative. 

5. Voted, that Deacon Williams, Capt. Henry Hodges, 
and Mr. Morj be said Committee. 

6. Whether a Committee be chosen to petition the Se- 
lectmen to call a Tovai meeting to see whether they will 
concur with the vote of the church in the election of Mr. 
Jones, and to see what encouragement they will give him ? 
Passed in the affirmative." 

It is concluded, that the Town concurred, since the fol- 
lowing minutes of the Council, called to assist in ordaining 
Mr. Jones, in the hand-writing of Rev. Dr. Fobes, of 
Raynham, Scribe of the Council, have recently come into 
my hands. 

"At the request of the Church of Christ in Taunton, 
the Pastors with the Delegates of seven neighboring 
churches, convened at the house of Benjamin Williams, 
Esq., in said Taunton, Oct. 22, 1777, formed into a Coun- 
cil, and after prayer to God for direction, proceeded to 
enquire into the conduct of said church, relative to their 
calling and ordaining Mr. Elias Jones to the work of the 
Gospel mmistry among them. On which occasion, were 
passed the following votes : 

1. That Rev. Mr. Shaw be the Moderator of the Coun- 

2. That Peres Fobes be the Scribe of said Council. 

3. That Mr. Jones' relation ,to the church of Christ in 
Halifax, m Nova Scotia, which could not be transferred, 
by a regular dismission and recommendation, as usual, 
should by reason of the times,* be dispensed with ; provid- 

* It being a time of war. 


ed, the clmrcli voted before tlie Council, liis reception as 
a member of tliem, and accordingly it was done. 

4. That Mr. Jones, upon examination before the Coun- 
cil, was duly qualified for the work of the Gospel ministry. 

6. That Mr. Shaw should give him the Charge. 

6. That Rev. Mr. Tobey give the Right Hand of Fel- 

7. That Rev. Messrs. Turner and Williams make the 
usual prayers upon that occasion. And agreeable to these 
votes, and determinations of said Comicil, Mr. Jones was 
that day ordained over the Church of Christ in Taunton. 
A Sermon suited to the occasion being first preached by 
Rev. Mr. Niles of Abington. 

True copy by 

Peres Fobes, Scribed 
Mr. Jones, it would seem, came from Hahfax, in Nova 
Scotia. There was a graduate of Yale College m 1767, 
bearing his name, but whether it was the minister of 
Taunton, I know not. His ministry was short. The only 
document which sheds light on the time of his leaving 
Taunton, is the Report* of a Committee appointed by the 
Town to supply the pulpit after his dismission, which doc- 
ument renders it probable that it occurred in 1778, the 
year following his settlement. All that we know concern- 
ing the cause of that dismission is the brief statement of a 
writer, supposed to be Mr. Baylies, in a Taunton paper 
many years since. " He fell into error,! ^'Jid was con- 
strained to ask a dismission after a very short residence. 
His farewell sermon is said to have been written in a style 
of touching eloquence, and the manner in which he read 
the Psalm, commencing — 

* Note A. 

t Some moral delinquency, it has been said. 


' Have pity, Lord ; O Lord, forgive ; 
Let a repenting sinner live,' 

drew tears from every eje." 

Nothing is known conceniing Mr. Jones, after lie left 
Taunton. It has been reported that he went " up coun- 
try." And some have said that he turned his course to 

The brief ministry of the eighth minister of Taunton is 
not without its profitable lessons. It speaks volumes in 
praise of a sound, discriminating, truth-loving church, 
Avhich, the very moment its minister "fell into error" 
(whatever that "error" may have been) was willing to 
part with him, although confessedly an amiable, accom- 
plished, able man, showing thereby a most commendable 
preference for truth over error, and its fixed determination 
to put principles before men. 


Note A. Page 32, 

" Taunton, June 2Gfh, 1780. 

" The Committee cliosen for tlie purpose of supplying the pul- 
pit with candidates for the ministry in said Town, since the dis- 
mission of the Rev. Mr. Elias Jones, ask leave to report in the 
following manner : 

' ' That sundry persons have been employed by them from the 
25th of July,* for and until the Twenty-eighth day of IMay, 
1780. During which time, your Committee have paid and en- 
gaged to pay said candidates for their services, boarding, horse- 
keeping, &c., the sum of Two thousand, five hundred eighty- 
five pounds, five shillings ; part of which we received of said 
Town, to wit, Twelve hundred, sisty-sis pounds, one shilling. 
Your Committee further report, that part of the aforesaid sum 
has been taxed, raised and applyed for the discharge of the 
debts aforesaid, and said inhabitants are still in arrears, the sum 
of Thirteen hundred, nineteen pounds, four shillings. And re- 
port, as their opinion, that the last mentioned sum be voted, and 
the assessors be ordered to tax the same, agreeable to law, as 
soon as may be. Above report accepted (or one similar) June 
26th, 1780." 

* Of what year the Committee do not say ; but judging from the 
sum paid for supplies, it was probably 1778. 


i^/iyfy/rcuirvju d/h-ri' 




For nearly two years after the removal of Mr. Jones, 
there was a vacancy in the Pastoral office. Of the " sun- 
dry persons employed as candidates," to whom the Com- 
mittee of the Town refer in their Report, appended to the 
last chapter, none received, or receiving, accepted a call 
to settle. Rev. Ephraim Judson was Installed, according 
to Mr. Bayhes, in 1780; but in what month of the year, 
no Records remain to inform us. Mr. Judson was the 
ninth minister of the town. He was a native of Wood- 
bury, Conn.; from which town, through the kmdness of 
WiUiam Cothren, Esq., I have received the following gen- 
eological account of the Judson family.* 

* In the month of May, I directed a letter to the To^vn Clerk of 
VV oodbury, Ct., Avho sent tlie 17th of June, the followino- reply 

"Dear Sir: Yours of the 31st ult. came to me, after bemo- examin- 
ed by some of our ministers, by due course of mail. Our ancient Rec- 
ords ot En;tlis, Mamages and Deaths have no Index, and were put 
down promiscuously It would seem tliat they were recorded, not as 
they occurred, but when those concerned happened to think of it or 
chose to do It. After examinino- a few hours, and not comino- to any- 
thing you wanted,! went to William Cothren, Esq., who has gone into 
an extended examination of these Records, and arranged in some order 
Lhe different names by themselves, and requested him to give yoirr re- 
quired answers. I think you can depend on his statement^ He is fret- 
ting up an extended account of the Judson name. Yours, &c., 

T ,, . . „ Elijah Sherman." 

in the commimication from Mr. Cotlircn, he remarks: "The facts 


William Judson ca,nie from Yorkshire, England, in 
1634, with Ins family. He had three sons, viz: Joseph, 
Jeremiah, and Joshua. He lived four years at Concord, 
and removed thence to Stratford, v.^here he lived upon the 
South-west corner of a hill, called "Meeting-house Hill." 
He did not reside there long, but went thence to New- 
Haven, where he died in 1660. He probably had a 
daughter living there. 

Joseph, the eldest son of William Judson, was fifteen 
years of age when his father came to New-England. He 
lived at Concord four years, removed thence to Stratford, 
married in 1644, and in his twenty-fifth year, Sarah, 
daughter of John Porter of Windsor, she being eighteen 
years of age. They had eleven children, four sons, and 
seven daughters. The father died Oct. 9th, 1690, and 
the mother, March 16th, 1696. Their eldest son, John, 
was born March 10th, 1647. He married in 1673, Eliz- 
abeth Chapman of Stamford, and was again married, July 
5th, 1699, to Mrs. Mary Orton of Farmington. He hved 
first at Stratford, where his father lived, and had there 
three children. He thence removed to Woodbury, where 
he died in 1710. He was the father of thirteen children, 
eleven sons, and two daughters. 

One of his sons bore the name of Jonathan, and was 
born in Dec. 1684. He married Mary Mitchell, Aug. 
22, 1711. This Mary Avas daughter of Deacon Matthew 
Mitchell, and was baptized in July, 1687. Jonathan died 
May 16, 1727, and Mary died Feb. 9, 1743. They had 
seven children, four sons, and three daughters. Elnathan, 

were collected from the Stratford, and Woodbmy Eecords, and from an 
old geneological list in the possession of David P. Judson of Stratford. 
The Judson family is very numerous in this vicinity. I am preparing 
a, list of genealogies of the early names of this town (Woodbury) of 
which the Judson name is one, and will make quite a hook of itself." 


the eldest son, -was born May 8, 1712, and was baptized 
the same month. He married Rebecca Minor, June 30, 
1736. This Rebecca was daughter of Ephraim and Re- 
becca Minor, and grand-daughter of Capt. John Minor, 
first settler of Woodbury, anl Indian Interpreter. She 
was born Jan. 30, 1712. Captam Elnathan Judson died 
Dec. 14, 1796, aged eighty-four years. They had the 
following children: 

■(1) Ephraim, baptized Dec. 11, 1737, born Dec. 5, 

(2) Thaddeus, baptized Oct. 14, 1739. 

(3) Mary, baptized Oct. 18, 1741. 

(4) Noah, baptized July 15, 1744. 

(5) EHsha, baptized July 20, 1746. 

(6) Elisha, 2d., baptized Nov. 8, 1747. 

(7) Adoniram, baptized July 15, 1750. 

The first Ehsha died early. The second EHsha left five 
children, viz: Reuben, David, Sybil, Ruth and Abigail. 
The only daughter, Mary, married Edward Pond, Nov. 7, 
1765. Thaddeus left seven children, viz: Elnathan, 
Noah, Thaddeus, Pamela, Hannah, Esther, Elihu; the 
first four of whom, his brother Noah adopted, after Thad- 
deus' death. Lieut. Noah, had one child, a daughter, 
besides those of his adoption. Adoniram, was a graduate 
of Yale College in 1775, received the Honorary Degree 
of Master of Arts from Harvard University in 1782, and 
was for many years Pastor of a Church in Plymouth, 
Mass. His son, Adoniram, graduated at Brown Univer- 
sity in 1807, and recently died, after having been a faith- 
ful, and successful Foreign Missionary, for forty years.* 

* Ecv. Doctor WaAiand, President of Brown University, is preparing 
the memoir of this eminent man. It will be an important addition to 
the religious literature of the country. 



Ephraim, tlie eldest child of Elnathan* and Rebecca 
Judson, "was tlie ninth minister of Taunton. He was 
born, as has been already stated, Dec. 5th, 1T37, and, 
according to primitive New-England usage, was baptized 
the next Sabbath. He graduated at Yale College, twelve 
years earlier than his brother Adoniram, that is, in 1763. 
His first settlement in the ministry, was over the second 
church in Norwich, Conn., as the successor of Doctor 
Whittaker. He commenced his labors in Taunton some- 
time during the year of 1780. These labors for the space 
of ten years, the period of his settlement, were of a very 
decided, positive character. In the pulpit, and out of the 
pulpit, Mr. Judson left the mark of a strong mind upon 
every thing he touched. His people were never at a loss 
to know what he believed. He was the very man to make 
warm friends, and was just as sure to have implacable en- 
emies. f His eccentricities^ are remembered by those 
who have forgotten his excellencies. 

* Rev. Charles S. Poi'ter, a successor of Rev. Adoniram Judson in 
the Pastoral office at Plymouth, in a communication received the 2d of 
July, '52, relates an interesting incident in the life of the father, (■whom 
he calls "Minor," mistaking the mother's maiden name for her hus- 
band's) — an incident derived from Miss Abigail Judson, sister of the 
Missionary: "Mr. Judson, the father of Ephraim, once met with four 
others, to drink and blaspheme, and called on God, if there -n-as one, to 
damn them. One soon fell back, and died ; then another, the same eve- 
ning. A third died the following day. Two survived. Mr. Judsou was 
one. A revival of religion soon followed, and he Avas made a subject of 
renewing grace, The Parents both lived," adds Mi-. Porter, "to an ad- 
vanced age and were eminently pious." 

t Note A. 

J There are many instances of these eccentricities related, connected 
with his Sabbath ministrations and his every day intercourse with the 
people. Por example, it is said of him, that one Sabbath he stopped in 
the midst of a Discourse, when several of the elderly people had falleu 
asleep, and reprehended some noisy boys in the gallery on this wise : 
" Boys, boys," said lie, " don't make so much noise up there, or you will 
wake the old folks down below." 

On one occasion preaching concerning the architecture of Solomon's 
Temple, he thus described its length: " It reached," said he, "as far as 
it is from liere to Mr. Abijali Hodges' house — I dou't mean i/oung Mr. 
Abijali's, but old Mr, Abijah's." 


He was stern, and apparently severe, but not without a 
good degree of moderation aiyl mildness.* He was very- 
precise in all his proceedings.! 

He undertook once to reprehend his hearers for their lack of industry) 
and for their unreasonable i-epining. After dealing faithfully Avith the 
young, he turned towards the old people and said: "And you old men 
too, will gather in groupcs, and leaning on your staves, will complain of 
' hard times ! hard times!' But, Sirs, do you go to work? No — you 
go to the tavern, and get another mug of grog." 

He once accosted a lad on the roof of a liouse in the following singu- 
larly abrupt way: "Boy, has your father got 'Common Sense ?' (mean- 
ing Paine's book so called, which was just published, and he had heard 
this neighbor had.) "I guess he has as much as ^o« have," was the 
quick reply ; and no wonder. 

But his blunt, uncompromising manner was sometimes serviceable. 
For example : A man, who had once been a minister, but ■^tas deposed 
for Polygamy, called upon him one Saturday evening, and wanted to 
preach, supposing his character was unknown to Mr. Judson. Mr. Jud- 
son merely said " Good evening " to the stranger, and passed out of the 
room. After a little time he returned, and thus remarked: " Sir, you 
perceive I treat you rather coolly. Arc your two wives both living ?" 
Nothing more was said about preaching. 

Nor did ho allow himself to escape sharp rebuke. Eiding along one 
day in a piece of woods, he met a poor man who asked for charity, and 
really needed it. The minister moved with compassion, stopped his 
horse, and gave him a small sum, which, afterwards a selfish, parsimo- 
nious spirit told him might possibly have been too much. The man 
was not yet out of sight. Mr. Judson suddenly halted, turned his horse, 
and called after him. " Sir," said he, "how much did I give you ?" 
" Twelve and a half cents," was the quick reply. " Well, here is a dol- 
lar — take that. Now, grudge again, old heart." 

These peculiarities of the Preacher are indicated perhaps b}' the char- 
acter of the face which the artist has furnished for this volume. The 
lithograph is a faithful copy of the portrait, which was obtained from 
the only surviving grandchild, residing in Windsor, Ct. 

* Mr. Judson's house was on High St. — on the lot adjoining the pres- 
ent location of the Episcopal Church. Some boys amused themselves 
one night in putting a long, heavy stick of timber into his well, which 
was in front of his house, near the street. By diligent enquiry, Mr. 
Judson learned their names, and summoned them before him. With 
becoming gravity, he proceeded to pronounce their sentence. Said he : 
" Boys, you have put the stick in, now go to woi-k, and take it out " — a 
punishment, severe indeed, but sufficiently mild. The well was deep, 
and the timber heavy, but after sweating over it several houi-s, with Mr. 
Judson, and all the neighbors looking on, and laughing at thom, they 
succeeded in undoing what it took them only a short time to do, resolv- 
ed probably to play no more tricks on their minister. 

t He was sometimes ridiculously so. For example. He once heard, 
or thought he heard a thief in his cellar. Instead of making a ]irompt, 
and manly personal enquiry into the case, he calls in several of his 


Notwitlistanding his marked peculiarities, and undesir- 
able oddities, Mr, Judson liad many redeeming qualities, 
■which made him not only as a Preacher but as a citizen 
and a neighbor, a very desirable and useful man. Mr. 
Baylies says of him:* "His temper was kind and hospi- 
table, and his deportment courteous. Occasionally he 
was exceedingly interesting in the pulpit, discovering 
great learning and logical actiteness. His manner, when 
he commenced, was slow and indolent, but always solemn ; 
as he proceeded, he became animated, and seldom failed, 
before th^ close, to produce a deep interest in his hearers." 

Mr. Judson w^as dismissed from his Pastoral charge in 
Taunton, by an Ecclesiastical Council, convened Dec. 
28th, 1790.t 

He was subsequently settled in Sheffield, Mass., where 

neighbors, arranges them at different convenient points without the 
house, whilst he concludes at length to go down, and drive the intruder 
out. The great parade of preparation was sufficiently ludicrous, when, 
as might have been expected, there was no thief there. 

Another instance of amusing precision relates to an attempt once 
made to administer medicine to his only child, Ephraim. He was sick, 
and, as is not uncommon with children at such a time, considerably 
averse to nairseous doses. Several women of tbe place, skilled in such 
matters, were called in, and the precise master of ceremonies proceeds 
forthwith to assign them their several parts. "Mistress Barnum, you 

will please station yourself at the child's head. Mistl'css D , you 

will stand at his right elbow. Mistress E , you will stand at his left. 

Mistress C , you may hold his right foot. Mistress A , you 

may hold his left. I will stand, and administer the dose. Now, ladies, 
do you all understand your places, and are you ready to perform your 
parts ■? Mistress Barnum, where is your place ? Answer. At the head. 
Mistress D., where is your place 1 Answer. At his right elbow. Mis- 
tress E., where is your j^lace '? Answer. At his left elbow. When he 
had thoroughly drilled tlie circle as to their several places and i)arts, the 
medical prescription is faithfully administered, with no loss of life or 
limb, but somewhat to the amiisement of lookers on, who wonder, and 
Avith reason, that the Taunton Divine had not learned a lesson from 
" faithful Abraham," and so " commanded his children, and his house- 
hold after him," as to render this formidable array of matrons unneces- 

* In a newspaper article, of 1833, generally ascribed to him. 

t Mr. Baylies, in the article already referred to incoi'rectly states, 
that it was iu 1789. For the action of this Council, see Note B. 


he continued in the ministry, until his death, February 
23, 1813, at the age of seventy-five. He was buried in 
Shefiield ; and from Rev. James Bradford, the successor 
of Mr. Judson, I have received a copy of the epitaph, 
which he is careful to inform me, "expresses faithfully and 
truly his own views of Mr. Judson, both as a man and as 
a christian," as gathered from the recollection and judg- 
ment of others, (for he never saw him,) " but his epitaph 
is considered a fair one." 

" Sacred to the memory 

of the 

Rev'd Ephraim Judson, A. M. 

Pastor of the Church m Shefiield. 

He died on the 23d of Feb. 1813, in the 76th year of 
his age, and the 23d of his ministry in Sheffield, having 
been previously the Pastor of a church in Norwich, Ct., 
and Taunton, Mass. Mr. Judson was esteemed a learned 
Divine, an acute logician, and an evangelical preacher. 
He was mild, courteous, and hospitable. By his numer- 
ous friends, he was deem'd a wise counsellor, an active 
peace-maker, and a smcere christian. What he was in 
truth, the Great Day wiU disclose." 

Mr. Judson married Chloe Ellis, of Somers, Conn. 
They had one child, born at Norwich, Conn., in 1777, and 
bearing the name of his father. He graduated at Wil- 
liams College, in 1797, and practiced law m Sandisfield, 
Mass., where he died m 1807. He left two children, 
Ephraim and Catharine. Catharine married a Barnes, 
and died Sept. 16, 1848. Ephraim lives unmanied m 
Windsor, Conn.* 

* For these facts concerning the grand-children of Rev. Mr. Judson, 
the writer of this sketch is indebted to Henry Sill, Esq., of Windson 
Ct., administrator on the estate of their mother, recently deceased. 



Several sermons of Rev. Mr. Judson were publislied 
during his life time. The following belonging to Rev. Al- 
van Cobb, d. d., of Taunton, have been furnished for exam- 
ination: A sermon on the " first promise of the Savior in 
the Scriptures," and a double sermon on the " Judgment 
of the Great Day;" the former, founded on the text, 
(Gen. 3: 15,) "and I will put enmity between thee and 
the woman, and between thj seed and her seed ; it shall 
bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise liis heel;" the latter 
suggested by a part of the sLxth verse of the Epistle of 
Jude, "Unto the Judgment of the Great Day." The one 
occupies twenty-sLx pages, and the other forty pages of a 
"Collection of Sermons -4)n important subjects, from a 
number of ]\Iinisters in some of the Northern States of 
America, printed by Hudson and Goodwin of Hartford, 
Ct., in 1797." 

"A sermon, preached at the ordination of the Rev. 
Jonathan Strong to the Pastoral care of the Third Chui'ch 
in Braintree, Jan. 28, 1789, by Ephraim Judson, A. M., 
Pastor of the Church in Taunton," was "prmted in Prov- 
idence, by Bennett Wheeler, at his Office on the west 
side of the river," in that year — the year preceding Mr. 
Judson's removal from Taunton. The theme of the ser- 
mon was thus stated : " Ambassadors appointed by Christ 
to treat with mankmd on the subject of reconciliation to 
God." Text, (2 Cor. 5 : 20,) " Now then we are Am- 
bassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by 
us : We pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to 
God." Rev. John Porter of Bridgewater gave the Pastor 
elect, the Charge ; Rev. Ezra Weld of Braintree express- 
ed the Fellowship of the Churches. Mr. Judson preach- 
ed two ordination sermons in 1799, which were published; 


the first " delivered in Durham at the Ordination of Rev. 
David Smith," from the text (Jonah 3:2,) "Preach mito 
it the preaching that I bid thee ;" the second " delivered 
in Waterbury, Ct., at the Ordination of Her. Holland 
Weeks," from the text, (Rom. 10: 14, 15,) "How then 
shall they call on him, in whom they have not believed ? 
and how shall they believe in him, of whom they have not 
heard ? and how shall they hear without a preacher ? and 
how shall they preach, except they be sent ? As it is 
written, how beautiful are the feet of them, that preach 
the Gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good 

The same year (1799) was pubhshed a sermon preach- 
ed at Sheffield, on the decease of Gen. Ashley. There 
may have been still other printed discourses, which have 
escaped our notice. The limits of this work preclude the 
publication of more than two of these several productions 
of the ninth Tamiton minister. 

A7nbassacIors aiypointed hy Christ to treat with mmiJcind 
on the subject of reconciliation to Cfod, illustrated. 








F T H E 


Jaa^uaey 28, 1789. 

By EPHEA13I JUD &' ON, A.M. 




^^=^n».?^=^^<» y •i'if r -' " ■ -s ^- "'^Tr *-i w^ _ * ^ ^- ^^^3 ? ? U__Lj >5 ^. r^^y fo 

A N 


2 CORINTHIANS, v. 20. 

" NbiO then ive are Ambassadors for Christ, as though 
God did beseech you by us : ive -pray you in Chnst's 
stead be ye reconciled to God^ 

s^^ HIS text, viewed in connection with tlie 
pT3] \ present solemnity, leads our contemplations 
i/ to the appointment of Ambassadors of Christ : 
,g^^ To the character of his Ambassadors : — To 
the character of mankmd to whom his Ambassadors are 
sent : — And to the design of their being sent. 

I. Christ has appointed an order of men to act as his 

This is manifest from the scriptures. " We are Am- 
bassadors for Christ: Hath given to ws the ministry of 
reconciliation.^^ Christ in his gifts to the Chm-ch, " gave 
some, Apostles ; and some, Prophets ; and some, Evan- 


gelists ; and some Pastors and TeacJiers.^^ Paul left Ti- 
tus in Crete, " to ordain Elders in every City.'" Each 
one of the seven churches in Asia had an Angel. That is, 
a Minister. Christ sent Ambassadors to the gentile world. 
" Qo into all the tvorld, and preach the gospel to every 

He has always had them, and he will always have them 
to the end of the world. He appointed Enoch and Noah 
before the flood, to act as his Ambassadors to the Antedi- 
luvians.* He prolonged the life of Noah three hundred 
and fifty years after the flood, to act as his Ambassador to 
his children. Soon after the death of Noah, he appointed 
Abram and Lot, Isaac and Jacob, Job and others, to act 
as his Ambassadors to the families of the earth. After 
the death of these men he appointed jMoses and Aaron, 
Samuel and the Prophets, to act as his Ambassadors to the 
Israelites, and to people of other nations, who resided 
among them, or came to be spectators of their festivals, or 
to learn their laws and religion. In his providence, he 
sent some of the Prophets, as captives to neighbouring and 
to distant nations, to act as Ambassadors to idolatrous 
kings and people. After the Prophets, he appointed John 
his forerunner, to act as an Ambassador to the Jews. 
Soon after John, he chose the twelve to be with him, and 
to act as his Ambassadors to the people. AbouJ the same 
time he chose seventy, and sent them before his face into 
the villages and cities of Israel. After he arose from the 

* Christ existed from Eternitj'. lie is A^ery God. Governed the 
world from the bcpinniug. He set np a church. And he instituted the 
office of Ambassadors. He has had different "n^ays, in difi^rent periods 
of the Church, in calling and appointing them to their office : But the 
design of their office has been the same in all periods of the Church. 

judson's sermon in 1789. 49 

dead, he appointed Ambassadors to goto all nations. " G-o 
into all the ivorld and i)r each the gospel to every creature^ 
In obedience to the command of their Lord, they went 
among the nations of the great Roman empire. Some of 
them penetrated barbarous countries beyond the imperial 
line. The nations persecuted them with tortures and 
death. For the space of three hundred years, they stain- 
ed their countries with christian blood. Preachers were 
imprisoned, hanged and burnt. But Christ kept raisuig 
up and sending others. And finally put an end to this se- 
vere conflict, gave peace to his distressed people, for a 
season, and multiplied Ambassadors ; so that whole coun- 
tries were supplied with them. And when the season of 
peace Avas interrupted by the anti-christian power, that 
gradually arose, he continued to send forth Ambassadors. 
All the terrors of Antichrist ; his cruel edicts and anathe- 
mas that were thundered from his imperious throne, like 
storms of fire and brimstone ; the fires that he kindled in 
the nations to burn christians ; the numerous tortures in- 
flicted for many hundred years, gibbets, prisons, and the 
sword did not extinguish the order. In the darkest days 
of the anti-christian power, Christ had a number of Am- 
bassadors, who administered to the Church, that resided in 
the obscure vallies of Piedmont. And others he had, at the 
same time, in various other places. Ever since antichrist 
received a wound by the reformation from popery, and 
light emerged from darkness, Christ hath been increasing 
Ambassadors. At present he has many in Europe ; he 
has a few in Asia and Africa ; some he has upon the isles ; 
in America he has a large number. He will have them 
tUl the millenium. And, in the millenium, he wiU send 
then^ to every dark country of paganisin. Pie will have 


tliem in the kingdoms and colonies, that are now under 
the papal power. He will have them in the extensive 
countries, that embrace the Mahometan religion. He will 
have them in all the towns and cities of Europe. He will 
have them in the old settlements of America, and in the 
populous towns and elegant, cities, that, in a future day, 
will be reared in the west. With hearts full of good af- 
fections. Ambassadors will spread all over the world. In 
great cities the voice of Ambassadors will echo from church 
to church. Villages v/ill assemble from every house, and 
be blessed with Ambassadors proclaiming reconcilia'tion. 
Heavenly sermons will be heard, where savage beasts and 
savage men now haunt inhospitable wilds. Harbours teem- 
ing with ships, where the air is infected with profane oaths, 
will be sweetened with sermons on divine subjects. The 
marmer, whose ship plows the boisterous sea, will have the 
Ambassador on board to preach glad tidings. 

Ai^D in the little season of degeneracy, that will begin 
at the end of the millenium, and last till the day of judg- 
ment, he Avill have Ambassadors. The promise, — " Lo^ 
I am ivith you ahvay, to the end of the worZt?," impHes 
that he would always have them, so long as the world 
should continue. 

2. We are to give a description of Chi'ist's Ambassa- 

Ax Ambassador, as the term is commonly used, is a 
Representative of a Prince, sent on business to foreign 
powers. An Ambassador of Christ, as the phrase is com- 
monly used, is a minister of the gospel, sent to mankind, 
to preach the way of salvation. 

judson's sermon liY 1789. 61 

Ambassadors oF Princes are appointed to their office. 
The J must not undertake before they are properly com- 
missioned according to the rule of courts. Ambassadors 
of Christ must be regularly appointed to their office. They 
must not undertake till they are commissioned according 
to the laws of Christ. 

Ambassadors of Princes have instructions from those 
who send them that they may know what they have to do. 
Ambassadors of Christ have instructions from him, that 
they may know what they have to do. Their Lord has 
given them orders in his word. 

Ambassadors of courts must follow their instructions 
without deviating in the least from the busmess, on which 
they are sent. So must the Ambassadors of Christ. 
The Priests under the law were to foUovf all the directions 
which God gave them. The Ministers of the New Tes- 
tament are to teach men, " to observe all things ivhatsoever^^ 
Jesus " liath commanded them.'''' 

Ambassadors of Kings must be men of ability and 
knowledge. They must be acquainted Avith law, and the 
customs of courts. They must understand the will of their 
masters, and the business on which they are sent. Am- 
bassadors of Christ must also be men of ability and knowl- 
edge. They must understand the scriptures. Must un- 
derstand the will of their Lord ; and the rules of his 
house. Wise sovereigns do not send ignorant men to ne- 
gociate national concerns. The Lord Jesus does not send 
ignorant men on business relating to his eternal kingdom. 
Spiritual Ambassadors are to explain, and inculcate the 
sublime doctrines of the kingdom of heaven. It requires 
men of knowledge to do this. 


Ambassadors of Princes should be friendly to the 
cause which thej undertake. Courts do not employ an 
enemy on an embassy. Ambassadors of the Prince of 
peace should be friendly to the cause -which they undertake. 
No confidence can be put in an enemy. When self-inter- 
est or ambitious views clash with duty, he will betray his 
trust. A selfish j\Iinister will not sacrifice his worldly in- 
terest and reputation for truth. When his own interest 
and the cause of religion stand in competition, he will give 
wp the cause of religion, rather than his interest : There- 
fore he ought to be a man of grace. This will secure a> 
degree of fidelity. A pure flame of disinterested love to 
the Lord Jesus, and to the welfare of souls must incline a 
man to undertake the evangelical ministry. 

Ambassadors of Kings ought to be men of good moral 
conduct. Vice and dissipation will incapacitate a public 
character for usefulness. Ambassadors of Christ must 
be men of an holy life. A wicked hfe is utterly incompat- 
ible with their holy calling. It mcapacitates them for the 
pious duties of their ministry. It is a scandalous offence 
to reliofion. And it makes mankind think that there is 
nothing serious and important in preaching and rehgion. 

Ambassadors of Princes should devote themselves to 
their business. Being called to transact matters of conse- 
quence, they must lay aside all other business. Ambassa- 
dors to the Prince of Heaven should devote themselves to 
their business. Their office is filled up with care and at- 
tention. They have to strive against sin ; study the scrip- 
tures ; get clear ideas ; preach sermons ; attend lectures ; 
visit the sick ; go to funerals ; watch the flock ; warn the 
wicked ; administer comfort to the wounded in spirit ; and 

jtjdson's sermon in 1T89. 53 

discipline the Church. This requires close application to 
ministerial duties. Paul exhorted Timothy, his young son 
in the faith, to give himself wholly to the work of the min- 
istry. The same Apostle directs Mmisters to take the sol- 
dier for a pattern, who when he goes to war, does not en- 
tangle himself with the cares of this world. A Preacher 
has no business to act in a political character : His work 
is of more consequence, than that of a civil officer. He 
has no business to labour in the field : He has a duty to 
discharge infinitely greater. He has no business to entan- 
gle himself Avith a mercantile shop : His mind must be on 
his study, and heart on the good of his people. The vari- 
ous callings of life are incompatible with his ministerial 
duties. "VMien he undertakes the office of a Bishop, he 
commences a servant of Jesus Chi-ist, in whose service he 
is called to labour all his days. He must not be enticed 
to lay aside his ministry by the inviting prospects of hon- 
oiu- ; nor by the flattemig appearances of obtaining wealth 
in some other caUing of life. 

Ambassadors of Prmces are confined to particular na- 
tions. The commission of the Ambassadors of Christ 
extends to all nations. It was confined in Christ's day to 
the Jews. But after Christ's death he extended it to all 
nations. Jew and Gentile ; bond and free ; christian and 
barbarian ; the sober and profane are now to be treated 
with on the subject of reconciliation. " Cro ye into all tJie 
ivorld, and preach tlie Gospel to every ci^eature.''^ 

Ambassadors of Courts have business of consequence 
committed to them. They negociate for Kings, courts and 
empires. The welfare of multitudes is concerned in their 


decisions. More important is the embassage of the Min- 
isters of Christ. It is not a treaty of amitj and commerce, 
of war and peace, that they negociate ; but a treaty of 
reconciliation to God. They go with a message from the 
King of Heaven, to the empire of the world. The hon- 
our of God the Father — The glory of a crucified Saviour 
— And the salvation of lost men is deeply interested in 
the treaty. 

3. We are to lay open the character of mankind, to 
whom the Ambassadors of Christ are sent. 

It is important to know mankind, that we may know 
how to address them. 

They are enemies to God. This may appear from the 
following things. 

(1) From their selfishness. 

By selfishness is not meant a suitable regard to our 
own happiness. We ought to love ourselves, as a part of 
the intellectual Avorld. We ought to love every rational 
being, of which we have any knowledge. And as we 
make a part of the great body of intelligent beings, we 
ought to love ourselves. There is the same reason for a 
man to love himself, as there is, that he should love anoth- 
er. Capacity to enjoy rational happiness, is a fomidation 
for love. Each one has this : Therefore each one is to be 
loved. Because it is self, it is not to be neglected. The 
command of Christ, " Love^ thy nelglibour as thyself ;-'' im- 
plies that we may love ourselves, as really as our neigh- 
bour. Minding this, hoAvever, not to put an undue value 
on ourselves, or any other being ; nor love each one above 
his real worth and capacity to enjoy happmess. 

judson's sermon in 1789. 

By selfishness, as the term is used here, is meant that 
disposition in mankind, Avhich only regards their own hap- 
piness. Benevolence has an eye to the good of beings in 
general. Selfishness has an eye only to self. Benevo- 
lence is love to the highest good of the universe. Selfish- 
ness is love only to the interest of self. 

That mankind are selfish, is too plain to be denied. 
We see it in all classes of men. We feel it in our own 

Selfishness is of such a nature, that it would exalt 
itself above all beings, and engross the wealth and happi- 
ness of the universe, if it had sufficient power and oppor- 
tunity. He Avho would deprive a man of a degree of hap- 
piness, to advance his own mterest, Avould, if he were not 
controuled, deprive a man of all his happiness. And he 
who would deprive one man of happiness, to advance his own 
interest, would, if not restraiuGd, deprive two — an hun- 
dred — all mankind — even God himself, of happiness. 
The tendency of selfishness is to rise, trample down, and 
destroy others to promote itself. Therefore the nature of 
selfislmess is inimical to man, and to God. The man who 
has it, is armed, and prepared to oppose God. And when 
any one awakes out of security ; and realizes eternal 
things ; and sees that God is opposed to him as a sinner, 
his heart rises against God. He sees God, and hates him. 
While he is ignorant of God, or secure in his sms, he has 
the essence of enmity ; for selfishness is really enmity. 
But when he is roused, and convicted of sin and danger, 
he has direct positive exercises of hatred to God. 

(2) It appears that mankind are enemies to God from 


Idolatry has been prevalent among the children of 
men. From the creation of the world to the flood, it was 
sixteen hundred and fifty years. In that period, it is 
thought that idolatry was prevalent. From the flood till 
the call of Abram, it was four hundred and twenty years. 
In that period, by a gradual declension from the worship 
of God, all the families of the earth become idolaters. 
From the call of Abram to the death of Christ, it was al- 
most two thousand years. In that long period aU nations 
lay buried in idolatry, except the Israelites. And they f: e- 
quently went after the gods of the nations. From the death 
of Christ to the end of the apostolic age, it was sLxty-six 
years. In that period, all men except a very few remain- 
ed in their idolatrous state. In that time, there were not 
more than two hundred christian churches in the world. 
From the apostolic age down to the present day is sixteen 
hundred and eighty-eight years. In all this long period, 
almost all men have lived in idolatry. At the present day 
there is more light than there has ever been ; yet not 
more than one-fourth part of mankind worship the God 
and Father of Jesus Christ. Idolatrous worship has over- 
spread the world, and covered it with thick darkness. 
Great kingdoms, and mighty empires have adored suppos- 
ed divinities of the sun, moon, and stars. Learned Kings, 
sage Philosophers and venerable Priests bowed before gods 
of gold and silver, wood and stone. Some nations deified 
their Heroes and Politicians, and worshipped their depart- 
ed spirits. Some adored four-footed beasts, filthy birds, 
and venomous reptiles. Men have " Changed the glory of 
the uncornqjtible God into an image made like to corru])- 
tible man, and to birds, atid four-footed beasts, andcrcejj- 
ing things.''^ Some have worshipped the devil and oflfered 

judson's sekmon in 1780. 57 

sacrifices to him. Rome and Greece, whose laws are ven- 
erated in this enlightened age, and whose authors are stud- 
ied in our learned universities, tenaciously held to idolatry. 
E-ome palpal, the savage tribes of America, and the exten- 
sive kingdoms of Asia and Africa, are even at this day 

This gross delusion of mankind is not owing to the want 
of the means of knoAvledge. While men have been kneel- 
ing before their idols, God has been holding up light. 
Neither is it owing to the want of mental abilities : God 
has given them rational souls ca^pable of knoAving him. 
Neither is it owing to the want of persua-sive considera- 
tions : Every possible motive to worship God, is exhibited 
in a blaze of light. To what then can the cause of idola- 
try be attributed ? It must be attributed to a strong incli- 
nation to forsake God. Which shows, that they are disaf- 
fected to him ; for they Avould not be inclined to idolatry, 
if they were his friends. 

The Apostle Paul considered idolatry, as an evidence 
of disaffection to God. Speaking of idolatry, he signified 
that men become idolaters, because " They did not like to 
retain God in their hioivledge.''^ 

A ROYAL family, suppose, in a succession of Kings, 
reigns for several thousand years, over a great empire, 
composed of many nations ; the subjects revolt in every 
age ; and against the clearest light — the most solemn 
threatenings -— the fullest promises of protection and hap- 
piness — and the highest evidence of a disposition and 
ability in their Sovereigns to promote the interest of those 
who are loyal. Their revolt proves that they arc disaffect- 
ed to their Sovereims. 


God is the rightful sovereign of the world : He has 
reigned over man several thousand years ; gives the chil- 
dren of men the clearest light ; promises his worshippers 
the greatest blessings ; threatens idolaters with the most 
tremendous woes ; expresses the kindest disposition to- 
ward men ; and gives the highest evidence of his ability 
to protect them. Men revolt from him ; but an infinitely 
small part worship God ; they go after idol vanities ; they 
kneel to a stock. This proves that they do not like their 
holy Sovereign. 

(3.) It appears, that mankind are enemies to God from 
their ignorance of God and divine things. When a man 
is ignorant of any branch of science ; who is possessed of 
good abilities, and favored with happy advantages to apply 
his mind, and urged to attention by every motive of duty 
and interest ; it is an evidence, that he is disaffected to it. 
If a youth of sprightly abilities, at a seminary of learning, 
under good instructors, be ignorant of every branch of lit- 
erature ; it is an evidence that he hates his books. If a 
Minister of the Gospel does not understand the Bible ; it 
is an evidence that he has a distaste to religion. It shews 
that his heart is not engaged in his calling. Love to a 
thing is the greatest spur to attention ; and by attention 
the mind acquires knowledge. If men had love to God, 
they would attend to his character ; and get acquainted with 
him. They have sufficient abilities to get a good doctrinal 
knowledge of the great things of his kingdom. They have 
the best instruction. Light blazes from the cross. They 
have every advantage that can be wished. The things of 
God are explained in the best manner. All the motives 
from Heaven and Earth conspire to call up their attention. 

judson's sermon in 1789. 59 

It is their duty and interest to acquaint themselves with 
eternal things. Yet men are ignorant of God, Sinai 
thunders ; but thej Avill not hearken. Christ weeps over 
them ; but they will not attend. Death with the solemni- 
ties of eternity draws near ; but they will not mind. They 
will not be instructed. They will not pay attention ; and 
acquaint themselves wth divine things. Inattention and 
ignorance prevail among all classes of people. If they 
tMnk a few moments on God, they find it painful. They 
understand the various branches of business, and tread 
the circle of science with pleasure ; but they will not at- 
tend to the thmgs of God. This manifests an internal dis- 
like to him. If any one should be as inattentive to the 
world, and carnal pleasures, as men are to divine tilings, 
it would be evidence enough that he hated the world. If 
you knew as little about your fields, and the various occu- 
pations of life, as you do about religion, it would be an 
evidence that your poor heart is opposed to the world. If 
it should give you as much pain to attend to your pleasures, 
as it does to pray and to meditate on the things of eterni- 
ty, it would be a convincing proof, that you hated your 
pleasures. You seldom attend to God, and divine things ; 
and when you do, it gives you disagreeable sensations. 
This is because you are inimical to God. 

(4.) It appears that they are enemies to God from 
their ill treatment of one another. 

Their conduct toward one another manifests an un- 
friendly disposition. They defraud and cheat, and seek 
to get advantage ; they backbite and devour one another. 
LIultitudes are compelled to wear out a miserable life in 
slavery ; great numbers employ themselves in making in- 


struments of death : Mighty armies are employed in offen- 
sive wars, to slay their poor fellow-mortals : Every age 
produces fields of blood : Garrisons have been massacred : 
Elegant Cities have been made like burnt Mountains : The 
cruelty of man is beyond description. It shows that there 
is the seed of enmity lurking in the heart. They act like 
enemies ; and by actions we learn the dispositions of men. 

The same disposition that is inimical to man, is inimical 
to God. The same selfish disposition that is opposed to a 
finite being, is opposed to the infinite Being. Therefore the 
enmity toward one another is an evidence, that they are 
enemies to God. 

(6.) It appears that mankind are enemies to God from 
the hard treatment that good men have received from the 

Multitudes of good men have been persecuted and 
slain. Studied tortures have been inflicted on the servants 
of Christ. Not because they exalt themselves above 
their fellow-mortals : They are humble, and confess their 
enmity of hea,rt. Not because they seek the hurt of 
mankind: They are harmless and inoffensive. Not be- 
cause they are persons of vicious lives : Thej are virtuous 
and sober. The Apostles were little images of their Lord. 
Every Christian exhibits a degree of kmdness similar to 
that, which- shone in the conduct of the Saviour : But men 
have hated them, and put them to death. That disposition 
which is hatred to the servant, is hatred to the Lord also ; 
for there is such a likeness between God and his children, 
that there cannot be hatred to one, and not to the other. 
Therefore, the enmity that they have shown to the ser- 
vants of God proves that they hate him. 

judson's sermon in 1789. 01 

(6.) It appears that they are enemies, from the treat- 
ment Christ received, when he was on earth. 

In ancient days, men said, as they do now, that they 
did not hate God. God gave them an opportmiity to shew 
whether they did or did not hate him, by putting his Son 
into their hands ; who came among men, and drew his own 
character, and the character of his Father before the peo- 
ple. The temper of Heaven shone in every step of his 
conduct. Christ on the Cross illuminated the eternal 
throne of the triune God ; and brought him doAvn to earth ; 
and set him in clear light before men. Did they receive 
God on earth with warm affection? Did love catch from 
heart to heart wherever he went ? The people saw him ; 
and they saw his Father : But they hated him and his 
Father. Christ himself said, " Ye have seen and hated 
both me and my Father.'''' This testimony they verified 
by their cruel conduct toward Christ. Before the tragi- 
cal scene of the cross, men had given a specimen of their 
enmity to God by their cruel treatment of the Prophets 
and good men : And they have given the same sad speci- 
men ever since, by their treatment of the followers of 
Christ. But in erecting the cross they gave a most evi- 
dent proof of their enmity. While Christ was expressing 
the deepest humility — While he was expressing every act 
of kindness — While he was expressing tokens of his mis- 
sion and divinity — While he w^as stating the triune God 
in the most amiable light — Wliile he was laying open the 
glories of the Deity — While he was agonizing for the sal- 
vation of men — While, with melting tears and groans, he 
was praying for them ; they were cursing him — they were 
nailing him to the cross — they were insulting him — they 


were rejoicing in his misery. Glaring expressions of en- 
mity ! God gave them opportunity to shew themselves ; 
He put himself into their hands ; and the heart poured forth 
a torrent of enmity. Here mankind stand on mount Cal- 
vary giving their own picture. Blush, and never open thy 
mouth in vindication of thyself! 

(7.) It appears that they are enemies from the office of 
Ambassadors of Christ. 

Ambassadors of our Lord are to call on men to be rec- 
onciled, as may appear in considering the last general head. 

When Ministers of Kings sue for peace, it supposes 
war. The proposals of reconciliation made by Ministers 
of Christ suppose enmity. Why should an order of men 
be set apart by Jesus Christ, to spend their days in call- 
ing on men to become friendly to God, if they are not un- 
friendly ? 

A nation in the east was governed by a wise Monarch 
of a most benevolent disposition, who sent Messengers in- 
to various parts of his realm, to exhort people to turn to 
their allegiance. Near the dissolution of his kingdom, 
he sent a Messenger of an extraordinary character, that 
devoted his life, in calling on men to repent, and be recon- 
ciled to their Sovereign. At the same time he sent his 
Son. He had but one Son. Him he sent. The Son 
spent the time he lived, in calling the Citizens to be recon- 
ciled. The Son appointed others to go on the same er- 
rand. He likewise sent Messengers to other States and 
kingdoms, to invite them to be reconciled to his Father ; 
for his Father was their rightful Sovereign. He continued 
sending them many ages. On rational principles, we con- 

judson's sermon in 1789. 63 

cludo t!iat there was a rebellious spirit among the subjects 
of that Monarch. The united call of his Messengers to 
the people to return to their duty is evidential of disobedi- 
ence. For why should a constant call be kept up durmg 
ages, to repent of rebellion, and be reconciled ; unless 
there was a rebellious spirit among them ? 

The relation now given is so descriptive of God— and 
of the Israelites — of the Prophets — Christ — his Apos- 
tles and Ministers, that the meaning is not doubtful. 

More, than fifteen hundred years the Prophets called on 
men to turn to God : More than seventeen hundred years 
the ministers of Christ have been calling on men : Multi- 
tudes have been raised up, and commissioned to go and 
say, " he reconciled to G-od^'^ which shows that men are 

Soon after the fall of man Ambassadors began to call 
for reconciliation ; which shews that enmity began early 
among mankind. They call, as soon as we are capable of 
understanding what they say ; which shews, that this sin- 
ful disposition is in us, m our early age. Multitudes have 
been sent ; but they have been unable to remove the en- 
mity; grace divine, and nothing else can take it away; 
which shews that it is deeply rooted. They are sent to 
all people, to whom they can go. In modern ages some 
whole nations have been addressed on the subject of rec- 
onciliation. And a future day will open a treaty of recon- 
cihation among all people. When two hundred sorrowful 
years have carried on the church through trouble and af- 


jliction, the millenium "vvill commence, [note] at which 
time the Gospel will be preached to everj creature ; which 
shews that the whole race of men is affected with this evil 
disposition. Though they may differ much in other res- 
pects ; yet they agree in this bad disposition. Even the 
best saint has a degree of it remaining, that will lurk in his 
heart, till he dies, and taint all his religious performances. 

If any one should say, that he feels no opposition to 
God ; and therefore he concludes, that there is no such 
thing in human nature : I beg leave to offer a few reasons 
to shew why men are not sensible of the enmity of the 

First. — Inattention may be a reason, that you do 
not see the enmity of your heart. Many eat and drink, 
and follow the busy scenes of life, and never attend to the 
exercises of their minds, to see whether they are friends or 
enemies to God. And if this is your case, it is no evi- 
dence that you are not an enemy, because you do not see 
it. You never Avill see it, unless you open an attentive eye, 
and look into yowx heart. 

Note. — "VVb are led by the 2300 days in Daniel* to find when the 
millenninm will commence. He prophesied that the sanctuary should 
lie polluted 2300 days, and that then it should be cleansed. Sanctuary 
means the church of God. A day in Daniel, signifies a year. The pol- 
lution that he speaks of began a little more than 300 years before Christ 
came, to which add the time since Christ came, it makes about 2100 
years. All tliis long time the Church has been low, afflicted and pollut- 
ed by sin. When it has been in this low state about 200 years more, the 
2300 years will be accomplislicd : then it will be cleansed : and enjoy an 
happy glorious season, one thousand j-ears. - 

We are led by another period predicted by Daniel and John to find 
when the millennium will begin. Prophesying of the papal power tlmt 
would arise, Daniel tells us, that the saints should be " Given into his 

* Dan. 7: 14. 

judson's sermon in 1789. 65 

Secondly. — False ideas of God maj be a reason tliat 
you do not see your enmity. Men are inclined to reject 
the true God. " They do not like to 7'etahi God in their 
knowledge.'''' They form a character of God agreeably 

hand^ a time, and times, and the dividing of timeT*- And tliat he would 
" scatter the people of God, a time, times and an halfP'\ John in his reve- 
lations prophesying of this auti-christian power ; saj-s that the church 
should be secured in the wilderness from the face of Antichrist, " For a 
time, and times, and half a time."X Again speaking of this power, he 
says, that it shall tread under foot the holy city 42 months. § "^nc?" 
that '■^ power ukis given unto him to continue 42 months."\\ And that '■• dur- 
ing that time the witnesses should prophesy 1260 days clothed in sackcloth."^ 
All these numbers agree, and fix the duration of Antichrist. A time is 
one year, times, two j^ears, half a time is half a year. Which makes 
three years and a half. Counting 30 days to the month, as was usual 
among the people, with wliom Daniel and John lived, make 1260 days ; 
42 months, counting 30 days to a month, make the same number. That 
is, 1260 years ; for a day in those prophecies signifies a year. The time 
therefore of the reign of Antichrist is fixed to 1260 years. When this 
term is expired he will fall, and the millenium will take p'.ace. He be- 
came the oppressive Anticlirist in the sense ef these prophecies, in the 
year 756, when he usurped civil power. He has reigned ever since, 
which is 1032, years which taken from the whole time he is to reign 
leaves 228 years, for him to reign. But as they counted only 360 days 
to the year, we must deduct about 17 years from the 228, which leaves 
but a little more than 200 years for him to continue. Then he will be 
overthrown : and then the glorious thousand years will begin. Should 
any one smile at these calculations, he is asked Mdiether he has studied 
the prophecies respecting the time of the commencement of the millen- 

Pbobablt, the sabbath days, and sabbatical years among the Israel- 
ites typified the rest of the spiritual Israel, in the millenium. They 
were to labor six days, and rest on the seventh : they were to labour six 
years, and rest from labour on the seventh, probably to signifj', among 
other reasons, that after the spiritual Israel had been afflicted six thous- 
and years, it should rest from trouble the seventh. If so, then it will be 
about two hundred years to the millenium, for there is wanting but 
about two hundred years to complcat six thousand years, since the crea- 

If we should suppose him to be as long in falling, as he was in rising, 
it will bring the millenium about the same time. He was 700 years in 
rising. " The mystery of iniquity" began " ^o wo?7j"** in the days of Paxil 
about the year 60. The Pope obtained ecclesiastical power over all the 
christian world in 606. He obtained civil power in 756. So that he was 
700 years in rising. He has been decliniag ever since the year 1260, 
which is about 500 years. If he should be as long in falling as he was 
in rising, about 200 years will bring him to ruin ; and bring on the hap- 
py millennial state. 

* Dan. vii. 25. f Dan. .xii. 7. X Rev. xii. 1-1. § Rev. xi. 2. i| Rev. xii. 6. 
6* IT Rev. xi. 3. ** Thcss. ii. 7. 


to their taste, and love it. Hence think they love God. 
Whereas they love only a false character. But this is not 
love to the true God. It is so far from true love that it 
is enmity. For love to a false God, is enmity to the true 
God. At least it implies enmity. Men are not friendly 
to opposite characters. Therefore though you feel friend- 
ly, as you think to God, it may be only friendship to a 
false character, Avhich implies opposition to the very God., 
And if you have not seen enmity, it is very evident you 
are an enemy, for all those who know true religion, know 
the enmity of the heart. The Jews loved Christ, when 
they mistook his character and design ; but when they 
were led to look at his true character, and real design, ex- 
pressed in his life, preaching and works, they hated him. 
When they supposed he came to erect an earthly kingdom, 
they cried hosanna. But when they found worldly great- 
ness was not his object — that he despised wealth — that 
he had no honorary titles and pensions to bestow on his 
friends — that he did not appear to save them from the 
tyranny of their enemies. When they found that an hum- 
ble, holy Hfe — the glory of God, and deliverance from a 
"self-righteous spirit, were objects of his mission, they cried, 
crucify him. Similar to this is sometimes the case of oth- 
ers. IVhile they misunderstand the character and design 
of God, they feel friendly and think they love God. But 
when then' mistaken ideas are removed, and the truth pre- 
sented, and in a degree realized, they ~hate him. Paul 
was not sensible that he was opposed to God, while he had 
wrong ideas of God ; but when God made himself known 
to him by the law, sin awoke and he saw it. The bloody 
enemy of Christ, who supposed himself a zealous worthy 
friend of God, found himself a bitter enemy ; and felt a 

judson's sermon in 1789. 6T 

degree of it remaining in his heart to his djing moment. 
The same reason may perhaps apply to you. It may be 
you have false notions of God, and so think you love him. 
Whereas should you be brought to see and realize his char- 
acter, you would feel so much opposition, that you -would 
find yourself a real enemy to God. 

Thirdly. — It may be that you are so hard-hearted 
that although you get some just speculations of God, you 
feel quite indifferent about him. Some men contemplate 
on God with as much indifference, as a Philosopher does 
on his supposed inhabitants of the Moon. Thay feel as 
little about him, as we do about some great personage that 
lived in ancient days. They care as little about heaven, 
as we do about elegant Cities in China. All their thoughts 
about God, are dry speculations. Their hearts are as un- 
moved as stones. When this is the case, they will not 
feel enmity. If you belong to this class, it is no wonder, 
that you feel no opposition to God. 

Fourthly. — Infidelity of heart maybe another rea- 
son, that you do not see your enmity. There is much in- 
fidelity in the depraved heart of man. When the heart 
loves an idol, or a false character, or has no sense of the 
moral beauty of God, it is an heart of infidelity. " The 
fool hath said in his heart there is no Cfod.^^ While he 
feels thus, no sensible opposition rises agamst God. Should 
your heart be brought to feel, you would be sensible of 

Fifthly. — Men try to keep their enmity out of their 
own sight. The thought of being an enemy to God ap- 
pears so dreadful, that they do not love to see it. 


Self-righteous men build their hope of salvation on 
their goodness. A sight of their enmitj kills their hope. 
Hence thej choose to keep it out of sight ; and think as 
well of themselves as thej can. 

Aavake^^ed smners mean to prepare themselves to go to 
Christ, by making themselves better. A sight of their 
hearts shews them, that thej are not gro-sNing better. This 
gives them distress. Therefore thej trj to smother and 
hide cnmitj from a painful eje. 

Secure sinners love their ease : Thej wish to be quiet : 
the idea that thej are enemies disturbs their rest; and 
gives painful apprehensions of futuritj. And therefore 
thej wish to keep the cnmitj of the heart buried out of 


It is not the least evidence, that jou are not an enemy, 
because jou do not see it. No man loves to see his own 
depraved picture. It is disagreeable to see himself an 
enemj, exposed to the pains of heU, He wishes to hide 
it from himself and from God. 

4. We shall consider the design of sending Ambassa- 

The design maj be comprised in two things : — First, In 
teaching mankind the things of religion. Thej are to 
teach men the character and perfections of God. The 
existence of God hes at the foundation of religion. The 
religion of men will be according to their ideas of God. 
Just ideas of God will lead men to just conclusions m re- 
ligion. Wrong ideas will lead to false conclusions of the 
nature of religion. It is needful that mankind should be 

judson's sermon in 1789. 69 

well informed in this leading idea. Ambassadors are sent 
for this purpose. Thej are to explain the character of 
God, as it is revealed in nature and redemption. And, 
thej are to explain his law. Bj the law is the knowledge 
of sin. Without the law they can never understand their 
fallen sinful state. Therefore Ambassadors must teach it: 
Thej must enter into the spirit of the law ; and shew what 
it requires and forbids; Avhat the rewards and curses are. 

And, they are to exhibit the character of man. Men 
must be informed, that they are in a sinful ruined state ; 
or they cannot repent ; neither can they see their need of 
a Saviour, Ambassadors must shew them their sin. They 
must endeavour to strip sinners of their refuge of lies, and 
shew them their true character. In doing this, it is need- 
ful to explain the nature of sin ; and how fixed sinners are 
in their own destruction. They must tell them plainly, 
that they are inimical to God, and exposed to the pains of 

And, they must preach a crucified Redeemer. A cru- 
cified Saviour is the alone foundation of the hope of a 
guilty creature. Every other foundation of hope will leave 
a man in ruin. The Preacher must point men to Calvary 
— to a bleeding Saviour. He must display him in a just 
light. He must explain his exalted character — The na- 
ture of his mediation — The design he had — his moral 
character — The satisfaction he made by bearing the curse 
of the Law. 

And, the Preacher must explain the nature of repen- 
tance, and faith; and direct the wounded in spirit to the 
cross. He must explain the nature of reconciliation. He 
must get clear ideas himself, and preach them in the plain- 


est light. General terms, without any precise meaning, 
Tvill not give instruction. A declamatory discourse may 
please the vanity of an auditory, for a moment ; but it will 
not inform the mind ; nor sting the conscience of the sin- 
ner; nor edify the clmstian; nor entertain the sensible 
man. Secondly, When the Ambassador has informed the 
mind, he must exhort them to right exercises of heart. 
Having stated the character of God, and the nature of 
reconciliation, he must call on them to be reconciled to 
God. A rebellious world have no reason to hate God. 
His character is most amiable ; and all his conduct most 

They have no reason to hate his omniscience: God 
knows how to dispose of them in the great chain of his 
providence, to promote the best design. 

They have no reason to hate his wisdom: He knows 
what is best to be done with them ; and with the whole 
universe — And how to lay out the best plan of govern- 
ment ; and how to execute it in the best way. 

They have no reason to hate his eternal purposes : he 
knows how to contrive all things now ; and he knew as well 
how to determine things from eternity. And it was as 
right to determine them from eternity, as it is at present. 
His eternal determinations are under the dictates of infi- 
nite wisdom and goodness. Who can wish that infinite 
wisdom and goodness should not dictate ? 

They have no reason to hate him, as an Almighty Be- 
ing, for his power is only improved in executing the dic- 
tates of infinite wisdom and hoHness. 

judson's sermon in 1789. 71 

TiiEY have no reason to hate his mercy. He '■'■ivill 
have mercy on toliom lie ivill liave mercy ^ and compassion 
en whom he will have compassion.''^ Men ought not to be 
uneasy with this ; for he knows whom it is best to save, 
and whom it is best to leave to perish in his sins. He 
knows how to deal out mercy, to promote his glory, and 
the felicity of his friends. Therefore he ought not to be 
hated for his mercy. 

They have no reason to hate his justice, in executing 
punishment. It is not to be expected that men will love 
pain as pain ; but it is reasonable that they should love 
justice ; for it is a glorious attribute of God. To hate 
justice, is to hate God. 

They ought not to hate him as law-giver. The law is 
like himself, glorious in beauty. With delight therefore 
it ought to be admired and obeyed. Men ought to be so 
heartily reconciled to the law, as to say with pleasure, 
amen, when they hear it. 

They have no reason to hate God, as absolute Govern- 
or. It is fit that he should be at the head, and determine 
every event, in all worlds, from the greatest to the least 
— Give life to man ; appoint his circumstances ; and fix 
his state for time and eternity. If God does not know 
how to determine all things, who does ? ShaU not infinite 
Wisdom dictate in his own world, in the disposal of his 
O"^!! property ? 

They ought not to hate him for his plan of salvation. 
It is an holy salvation : It answers the best ends : It glo- 
rifies God ; It honours the law ; It justly blames rebellion ; 
It lays the sinner in the dust ; and makes him feel his 
guilty state ; and cry to sovereign grace for pardon. 


They have no reason to hate him ; because he requires 
an holy hfe. It is proper, that thej should seek his glory, 
be humble and kind; and obey his precepts. They have 
not one reason in nature to be enemies. They ought to 
lay down their rebellious arms, and be friendly to their 
eternal Sovereign. They ought to change sides, and es- 
pouse the cause of the Lord. Their enmity ought to die 
immediately ; and pure benevolence kindle and flame most 
affectionately. And Preachers ought to insist on this to 
the utmost. They should never give up one iota of this. 
The excuses of men, be they what they may, are of no 
weight. The very depravity of heart that is plead, as an 
excuse, is a reason for immediate reconcihation ; for wick- 
edness ought not to be indulged a moment. The plea of 
depravity should excite Ambassadors to urge reconciha- 
tion with the greatest earnestness. The substance of all 
their exhortations must tend to this great subject. All 
their arguments from reason and revelation must centre in 
this capital point, " Be ye reconciled to Gfod.^' 

To the Pastor elect the subject may with propriety be 

Dear Brother, be reconciled to God. 

Eeconciliation is to be your theme in preaching. An 
Ambassador, who exhorts others to be reconciled to Grod, 
ought himself to be reconciled. 

You are sent by the Lord Jehovah to his rebellious 
creatures, to exhort them to lay aside their opposition. 
Your subject is of infinite moment. The welfare of souls, 
the dignity of the divine law, and the honour of the great 
God arc concerned. You must stand between your fellow- 

judson'b sermon in 1789. 73 

sinners, and the liolj Majesty on high, and call on all men 
to love God with all the heart. In doing this, you must 
explain the nature of love, the true state of man, and the 
character of God, to whom thej are to feel reconciled. 
This will lead you into the criminal depravity of man, and 
his woful state, and into the deep things of God. You 
are to collect motives to excite them to be reconciled from 
the benevolence of God — From the deformity of sin — 
From the perfection of the divine government — And from 
the obligations men are under to obey God. You are to 
shew them pale death, and point them to the coffin, and 
the cold grave, and bring the solemn day of judgment to 
view, to influence them to be friendly to the Most High. 
Your office is sacred and solemn. The subject of your 
study most sublime : More sublime than academic science 
and jurisprudence. Your own soul is deeply concerned 
in that reconciliation that you are to preach to others. 
How important then is it, that your own heart should be 
reconciled to God ? Can you devote your days in calling 
on others to be reconciled, and indulge opposition in your- 
self? Dear Brother, it will be awful to go to hell with the 
word of reconciliation on your lips. 

Charity founded on evidence, obtained by personal 
knowledge of your religious character, persuades me, that 
you are induced by love to undertake the office of an Am- 
bassador of Christ. Yet there is danger of neglecting 
your duty. Reconciliation Avill be a defence against un- 
faithfulness. Therefore let it be the reigning principle of 
your heart. 

It is the most amiable exercise that can exist in the 
mind of a fallen creature. It constitutes the beauty and 



glory of the christian. It is t le chief qualification of a 
spiritual Ambassador. It will lead him, into the depravity 
of the human heart, and the glories of the infinite God. 
It will render your Avork easy — Console your mind in 
distress — Prepare your heart to receive the truth — Lead 
your steps in the path of christian meekness — Make you 
a faithful Servant of Jesus Christ, and assist you in form- 
ing clear sentiments of reconciliation. Under its friendly 
influence you will write, speak, and preach clearly. Your 
exhortations will flow from a warm experimental sense of 
eternal things. You will deliver your sermons, as one that 
believes the importance and necessity of reconciliation. 
Prompted by this best of principles, you will submit to 
God in every state of life ; and when you shall be called 
from your service in the church militant, you will receive 
a seat and a crown among the reconciled people of God 
in the mansions of eternal felicity. 

While we were attending to the address, made to our 
young fellow Servant, we felt the propriety of applying 
the subject of reconciliation to ourselves, the ministers of 

My Fathers and Brethren, we are on a level with our 
fellow worms. We hold a rank among the rebels of God. 
We experimentally believe the opposition of the human 
heart. We see it, and mourn under it. We are misera- 
ble sinners by nature. A degree of enmity lurks in the 
heart of the best. Paul was not wholly freed from it, till 
he was called away by death. This base principle makes 
us too lifeless in the execution of our office. Warm friend- 
ship would make us zealous. It would influence us to de- 
liver plain truths with a solemnity. The greatest spring 


to faithfulness is reconciliation. Let it kindle, and flame, 
and press us on to dutj. Remember that God is worthy 
of a reconciled heart — that his cause is glorious and 
worthy of pursuit. 

Every consideration invites to arise, and call, " Be ye 
reconciled to (rod.^^ Inattention is prevalent. Iniquity 
abounds. Infidelity scoffs, and Avith a brazen front bids 
defiance. God is every where spoken against. Our day 
for labour will soon end. See yonder, declining under 
infirmities, our worthy and aged Father, who hath worn 
out a hfe in this place, in calling on this people to be rec- 
onciled to God. By him we are admonished. We go 
from the pulpit to a dying bed — From a dying bed to the 
grave, and to the judgment seat. Let us be reconciled to 
God. Let us harmoniously unite in affection to him. Let 
us unite to each other in that love, that " 3Iany tcaters 
cannot quench.'" And with one voice cry to our perish- 
ing fellow-sinners, " Be ye reconciled to God." 

liSr this language we w^ill now address our subject to tho 
church and congregation in this place. 

Men, Brethren and Fathers, by your desire we are 
here. You have harmoniously called a man to settle, as 
colleague with your worthy Pastor, whose infirmities re- 
quire assistance. The young man is to devote his days in 
calling upon you to be reconciled. 

If he must call ; you ought to comply. Attend to his 
instruction and be friendly to God. Make your peace 
with tho Almighty, and rebel no more. The ministry of 
reconciliation is an infinite blessmg. You are favoured 
above most societies that settle ministers. Without noise 


and contention — Without a long trial of candidates, you 
are come to the happy hour of ordination. But if you 
should not he reconciled to God, all the great blessings of 
the ministry of reconciliation will prove a curse. It will 
be dreadful to go from the voice of reconciliation to end- 
less despair. By the word of reconciliation — By all its 
attendant blessings — By the glory it gives to God — By 
the advantage it gives to Zion — By the good it brings to 
individuals, to your families, town and church, we entreat 
you to be reconciled to God. It will make you happy in 
life. It will make you happy in a dying moment. Hap- 
pmess will attend you forever in the world of eternal joy. 

To this great assemblj^, convened from different places, 
we close with a few words. 

You live in a land where Christ hath Ambassadors. 
The word of reconciliation is sent to you. You are called 
upon to be friendly to God. You ought not to delay this 
great duty one moment. God is as worthy of your love 
now, as he will be in future. We entreat you to be friendly 
to him. By the sorrows of our Saviour in the garden — 
By his agonies on the cross — By his blood that was spUt 
to sprinkle the soul — By his solemn threatenings — And 
by his kind invitations, " We pray you — he ye reconciled 
to Grod.''' You must agonize in death. You must enter 
the eternal world, and appear before the omnipotent Ma- 
jesty. You will be called to the bar of Christ in the day 
of judgment. You will see the world burning below, and 
the Lord Jesus punishing his enemies. In these critical 
seasons it will be important to be found among the friends 
of God. 

0:^ the Judgment of the Great Bay. 


JUDE, verse 6. 
Unto the judgment of the great day. 

THIS text calls the attention, to the clay, on which, the 
Judge of the "^'orld hath appointed a tribunal for the 
trial of mankind. In treating upon it, I shall offer some 
considerations to show, that God will judge mankind — that 
when he judges them, he will gather them together — and 
that the day, on which he will judge them, will be a great 

I. Some considerations are to be offered to show, that 
God will judge mankind. And, 

1. People, who have had the knowledge of the Holy 
Scriptures, have universally, except a very feAv, believed, 
that they contain the doctrine, that God will judge the 
world. It was a prevalent belief among the Israelites, 
who had the writings of Moses and the prophets. It has 
been the general opinion of all classes of people in the 
christian world, ever since the gospel was published. The 
sober, honest class of people have believed it. The wick- 


ed, though they perceive that it is pointed against them- 
selves, feel as if it were a scriptural truth. Even infidels 
allow, that it is taught in the Bible. The abandoned, in 
a dying moment, tremble at the prospect of appearing 
before their judge. That class of men, of Avhom there 
has ever been a goodly number in the christian world, who 
have been more wise, learned and civilized- — more free 
from enthusiasm and superstition, than infidels and the 
most learned pagans, have entertained an unshaken behef, 
that they must appear at the tribunal of God. Wherever 
the Bible has been received among the nations, people 
have learnt that God is a judge, and that they are account- 
able to him. 

This general belief, that God will judge the world, is 
contrary to every natural bias of fallen creatures. The 
human heart spurns at the idea. It abhors the heaven, 
which the Judge will give the righteous. With pain it 
reflects on the punishment, that he -will inflict on the wick- 
ed. It is deeply wounded, when it considers itself in the 
hands of an almighty sovereign, who will come arrayed in 
all the majesty of a judge to try mankind, and doom im- 
penitent sinners to everlasting woe. 

Sentiments, thus abhorrent to the feelings of the wick- 
ed heart, are seldom, perhaps never, invented and propa- 
gated by manldnd. When depraved minds invent false 
principles, and explain scripture in a wrong sense, with a 
view to support their principles, they invent such, and give 
such explanations, as are agreeable to the evil heart. 

Hence, it is highly probable, that the doctrine of a day 
of judgment is not an invention of men. They would not 
have invented a sentiment so disagreeable to the vile heart. 
However, if a few enthusiasts or designing men, had m- 

judson's sermon in 1790. 79 

vented it, and endeavoured to impose it on the world, the 
feelings of mankind would have prevented its gaining gen- 
eral credit. It seems incredible, that human invention 
should give rise, support and prevalencj, in all ages, 
among all people who have the Bible, to a sentiment, so 
utterly averse to the depraved heart; provided it is not 
contained in scripture. 

2. We are accountable to ourselves and to others. 

We erect a kind of tribunal in our own breasts, before 
which we summon our actions ; and justify and condemn 
ourselves, according as our actions appear to us right or 
wrong. Self-justification and self-condemnation give us 
mental pleasure and pain. In this sense we act as judges 
of ourselves— we try, and reward ourselves with pleasure, 
and punish ourselves with pain. Whether our principles 
be just or most vile, we do this. 

We likewise feel accountable to others. Their eyes are 
upon us ; they inspect our conduct ; and judge of the merit 
and demerit of our actions. And, if our actions appear 
to be good, we have their approbation and esteem : but if 
our actions appear base, they despise us. Their esteem 
gives us a degree of pleasure. Their abhorrence gives us 
a degTee of pain. In this sense we stand at the bar of 
our fellow men who try, reward and punish us. Every 
man stands before the public, and is treated, in a measure, 
according to his character. Eesides, tribunals are appoint- 
ed in all human governments, to which the subjects are 
accountable, and before which they are tried, acquitted or 

And shall we object against being accountable to God ; 
and of being judged by him? Are we not his creatures? 
Are we not dependent on him ? Has he not a right to 


inspect the work of his own hands, and call his rational 
beings to an account? Can we object to this, since we do 
the same ourselves ? If it be proper for us, it is proper 
for God to inspect characters, try and judge them. If so, 
we may expect that he will ; for he will conduct with pro- 

3. God displays his character as judge, in this world, 
which is an argument, that he will act as a judge, in the 
world to come. He judged all the children of men in the 
days of Noah. He is represented as casting his eye upon 
the earth to examine the moral state of the sons of men. 
Grod looked upon the earth and behold it was corrupt, for 
all flesh hatfi corrupted his way upon the earth* But 
concerning Noah God said: For thee have I seen righteous 
before me in this generation.^ Having examined their 
conduct, he passed sentence in the following words: Itvill 
destroy man, ivhom I have created, from the face of the 
earth.^ But with thee, that is with Noah, tvill I establish 
my covenant and thou shalt come into the arh.\ In a 
proper time, he executed the sentence. He commanded, 
and the rain fell from above, the seas forsook their beds, 
and took their station on the land, carrying ruin and death 
in every place. In the ark, God carried Noah in safety 
through the horrid tempest, on the top of the foaming 

God acted as a judge towards the cities of Sodom. He 
is represented as coming down from heaven to examine 
the Sodomites. I ivill go down noio and see, whether they 
have done altogether according to the cry of it which is 
come unto me; if not, 1 will hioiv.\\ Having examined 

* Gen. vi. 12. t Gen. vii. 1. J Gen. vi. 7. 

§ Gen. vi. 18. || Gen. xviii. 21. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 81 

tlieir characters, and found them guilty, the sentence of 
destruction followed, which was executed ; at the rising of 
the morning suij, while all felt secure, a tremendous storm 
of fire and brimstone fell from the Lord out of heaven, 
which consumed the people, and burnt up their cities. 

God acted as a judge towards Egypt, towards the Isra- 
elites in the wilderness, and the inhabitants of Canaan. 
He passed a sentence of destruction against Pharaoh and 
his armies, agamst the rebellious Israelites in the Avilder- 
ness, against the idolatrous nations of Canaan; because 
they were sinners. And he executed the sentence. He 
reached forth his arm, and smote all those wicked people 
with ruin and death. Among those vile rebels, were some, 
who feared God; as Moses, Caleb, Joshua, Rahab and 
others. His sentence, concerning those good people, was, 
that he Avould save them. And he put his decree in exe- 
cution, by making them the subjects of his favor. 

He acted as a judge towards the Jews. Because they 
killed wise men and prophets, and put his son to death, he 
fated them to more dreadful evils, than ever befel any 
nation. But because Christ's disciples were not partakers 
in the vile deeds of their countrymen, a token was given, 
by which they might know, when the ruin of Jerusalem 
would be near, that they might escape the approaching 
calamity. The sentence, that God passed, was executed. 
He raised up the Boman enemy, and sent them against 
the Jews, who destroyed their cities, slew multitudes of 
people, carried the rest into captivity. The christians saw 
the devouring enemy approaching with the ensign of an 
eagle, viewed it as the token, which Christ had given; 
accordingly fled from Jerusalem to Bella, and escaped the 
calamities of the city. 


This conduct of the Most High is shuilar to that, which 
he will display in the day of Judgment. He will then 
act, as a judge. He mil examine characters. He will 
pass sentence. And he will execute it. Which will be 
doing, just as he does in this world. We cannot, there- 
fore, object to his judging us in a future state, without 
virtually objecting to what he does in the present state. 

Some say, it is inconsistent with the justice and good- 
ness of God to treat his creatures, as is represented that 
he will, in judging them in a future state. Therefore, 
they believe, that he never will. But they may as well 
say, that it is inconsistent with his justice and goodness to 
treat his creatures, as he does in this world. They may 
with the same reason say, that a just and good Being 
would not deluge a world, and save Noah ; commit the 
Sodomites to the fire, and rescue Lot; fate Jerusalem to 
the sword, faction, famme, and fire, and dehver the disci- 
ples of Christ ; and on the same principle infer, that those, 
and a multitude of other well authenticated events of the 
same complexion, never did take place. But it is evident 
from scripture, that they did. Hence, we cannot object 
to a day of judgment on account of the manner in which 
God will treat us, at that time. 

But his judging us in this world does something more, 
than obviate the above objection. It proves that God will 
judge us in the world to come. 

Acting as a judge shows, that the character of a judge 
belongs to him. To complete the character, and make it 
appear just, he must finally treat every one, as he deserves. 
This he doth not do in this life. So far- as ho judges, 
he judges righteously. But he doth not finish the work. 
He gives to his people but a small part of the reward of 

judson's sermon in 1790. 83 

grace. He punishes sinners here infinitelj less, than they 
deserve. An exact distribution of rewards and punish- 
ments is not observed, in the administration of his govern- 
ment, among men here below. Sinners are not treated 
alike. Some, of most vile characters, are punished less, 
than some, who are less vile. A tyrant lives in ease and 
pleasure ; millions suffer extreme distress from his cruel 
sword, and wide ravages. An hard master enjoys health, 
and lives luxuriously on the effects of the labor of wretch- 
ed slaves ; the servant, a better man than his master, is 
in want of all things, and finally dies under the whip. 
Some good men have an harder lot, than some wicked 
men. A persecuting monster of cruelty, who feasts a 
malicious eye on the tortures of the persecuted, enjoys 
himself in a palace : the humble benevolent christian per- 
ishes in a filthy dungeon, or on the rack, or at the stake. 
A Dives loas clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared 
sump)tuously every day :* A Lazarus, covered with sores, 
lay at his gate, on the damp earth, cold and hungry, un- 
pitied, unless by dogs. No doctrine is more apparently 
true, than that, which announces, that there is not an 
equal distribution of rewards and punishments in this life. 
Our Lord gave his testimony to the truth of it, in that 
part of his parable concerning Dives and Lazarus, which 
represents Abraham, as saying to. the rich man in Hell, 
thou in thy life time receivedst thy good things, and Laz- 
arus liJceivise evil thi7igs.-\ Hence it may be inferred, 
that he will act, as man's judge in a future state, and give 
every one a due reward, that he may be, and appear, a 
righteous judge. 

* Luke xvi. 19. t Luke xvi. 25. 


From the judicial acts of God, the Holj Spirit argues 
the certainty of a day of judgment. Let us recite two 
passages, which contain this mode of arguing. One is in 
an epistle of Peter's. It is expressed thus : For if Grod 
Sfared not the angels, tliat sinned hut cast them doivn to 
hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to he re- 
served unto judgment. And spared not the old world, 
hut saved Noah the eighth person — and turning the cities 
of Sodom ayid (xomorrah into ashes, condemned them ivith 
an overthroiv, making them an example unto those that 
after should live ungodly. And delivered just Lot — The 
Lord knoiveth hoiv to deliver the godly out of temptations, 
and to reserve the unjust mito the day of judgment to he 
punished* The other passage is in Jude. And is as 
follows. Twill therefore put you in remembrance though 
, ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the 
people out of the Land of Egypt, afterward destroyed 
them that helieved not. And the angels which kept not 
their frst estate, hut left their otvn habitation he hath re- 
served in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judg- 
raent of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gfomorrah, 
ayid the cities about them in like maimer giving themselves 
over to fornication, and going after strange flesh are set 
forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal 
fire.f The obvious sense of these passages is this. Since 
God did doom the sinning angels to a state of despair, and 
holds them in his power with a determination to judge 
them in the great day ; and poured out his judgments on 
the old world, Sodom, and the unbelieving Israelites ; and 
saved Noah and Lot from the evils, that fell on those sin- 
ners ; he will judge all in the great day, and execute his 

* 2 Peter ii. 4, 5, 6, 7, 9. t Jude, verses 5, 6, 7. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 85 

vengeance on the imgodlj, and save the righteous, Bj 
these instances God hath told us, that a day is appointed 
for our trial, and what the event will be. 

4. God hath given laws to mankind. This is not dis- 
puted. All agree that he hath not left his rational crea- 
tures to live as they list without regard to right or wrong. 
Should one plead that God hath given us license to blas- 
pheme his holy name, and liberty to injure and abuse one 
another, people would think he ought to be confined in a 
mad house. The laws of God contain the following things. 

First, They point out man's duty, and require him to 
do it. If we exclude the idea of duty, we exclude the 
idea of law. For that cannot be law, vfhich does not re- 
quire any thing of us. 

Secondly, The laAvs of God are sanctioned with prom- 
ises of blessings to those, who obey them, and with threat 
enings of evil to those, who disobey. For instance, the 
law of faith promises eternal life to believers, and threat- 
ens the unbeliever with everlasting punishment. If no 
promises and threatenings were annexed to the laws of 
God, there would be no motive to obey them. Conse- 
quently, there would be no force in his laws. It would 
answer no good end to issue precepts unattended with 
motives. There are no motives, but what are contained 
in the promises and threats. They hold up evil and good 
as excitements to fear and hope, to induce us to avoid sin 
and serve God. They show the tendency, that holiness 
and sin have to promote public happiness and misery, to 
excite action upon the principle of benevolence. Promises 
and threats exhibit the true and glorious character of the 
Most High, whose character is a proper motive, or object 
of friendly affection to him. These are motives contained 


in the sanctions of the laws of God. Besides these, there 
is not a motive. Without these, there would be no motive 
to excite obedience. Therefore, they are necessary, and 
what in our ideas are involved in divine laws. 

Thirdly, The promises and threatenings will take place. 
In this view thej have influence. For it is the expecta- 
tion, that the threats will be realized, which makes them a 
terror to evil doers. It is the prospect, that promised 
blessing will be granted, which excites hope, and puts us 
in pursuit of future promised good. It is the prospect, 
that God will bless his people, and punish his enemies, 
that his truth, grace and justice appear, which are objects, 
that excite proper sensations of heart towards him. Were 
the promises and threatenings never to take place, all the 
motives, which thej contain would be a nullity. Instead 
of exciting reverence for the laws, they would excite con- 
tempt. Hence it appears necessary, that his laws should 
be executed. Every good thing promised to the believer 
must be granted, according to the genuine import of the 
promises. And all the terrible things denounced against 
the wicked must be inflicted, according to the spmt, and 
true sense of the threatenings. 

But in this life, the promises and threats are not fulfill- 
ed. He does not give his people all the blessings prom- 
ised. Infinitely the greatest are yet to be granted. 
Neither does he inflict all the evil threatened. The infi- 
nite evil of sin, and inequality of inflicted punishments in 
this life, are indubitable evidences, that threatenings are 
not completely executed here. Therefore, mankind must 
be judged hereafter in a future state, that the promises 
and threatening may take place. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 87 

5. In plain and positive language the scriptures teach 
us, that God will judge mankind ; and that a day is ap- 
pointed for that purpose. 

For the works of man shall he render unto hiyn, and 
cause every man to find according to his loays!^ Rejoice^ 
young man^ in thy youth ; and let thy heart cheer thee 
in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ivays of thine 
heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but knoiv thou, that 
for all these things Grod ivill hring thee into judgment.^ 
Grod^shall hring every ivork into judgment ivith every se- 
cret thing, tvhether it be good, or tvhether it be evil.'\. For 
tlmie eyes are open upon all the ivays of the sons of men, 
to give every one according to his ivays, and according to 
the fruit of his doings. \ For we shall all stand before 
the judgment seat of Christ.^ In the day when he shall 
judge the secrets of meii.^ Because he hath appointed a 
day in the ivhich, he will judge the world in righteousness** 

Christ frequently spake of the day of judgment. And 
whenever he did, he considered it as an event, that would 
infallibly take place. The instances are too many to be 
mentioned now. Let one suffice. 

On a certain time, when circumstances gave him a fa- 
vorable opportunity, he introduced it, by delivering a par- 
able. The substance may be expressed in the following 
words. A man, being about to go a long journey, called 
his servants together, and delivered to each one a sum of 
money, and ordered them to improve it well, that he might 
reap profit from it on his return. He went his journey, 
and after long absence returned, and reckoned with the 
servants. He found, that two of them had been faithful. 

* Job xxxiv. 11. t Ecc. xi. 9. t Ecc. xii. 14. 

§ Jcr. xxxii. 19. || Kom. xiv. 10. - 1 Rom. ii. 16. 

** Acts xvii. 31. 


Those he received hito his favor. He found, that one had 
been unfaithful. Him he cast off, and gave him up to the 

By the parable he signified, that he was about to go 
away; but would return after a long time. "I shall leave 
the world soon, and go to mj Father, and dwell with him 
a long time ; then I will come to the earth again, and reck- 
on with mankind to see what improvement, thej have made 
of the privileges and abilities, which I have given them. 
Those who are faithful, I will admit to my favor; but 
those, who are not, shall be cast off, and given up to suffer 
extreme sorrow and pain." 

When he had thus introduced the subject, he proceed- 
ed to a particular information of what he Avould do, when 
he, the son of man, should come. When the son of man 
shall come — then shall he sit ujjon the throne of his glory : 
And before him shall be gathered all nations ; and he shall 
separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his 
sheep from the goats : and he shall set the sheep on his 
right hand, but the goats on his left. Then shall the Icing 
say unto them on his right hand, come ye blessed of my 
Father, inherit the kingdom prejmred for you from the 
foundation of the world. Then shall he say also unto 
them on the left hand, depart from me, ye cursed irito 
everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels.* 
If language can communicate sentiments, the certainty of 
a day of judgment is expressed by Christ in these words. 

II. On that day, all mankind will be collected together. 

When Saint John had the day of judgment represented 
to him in a vision, he saw the dead small and great stand 
before Q-od.\ Saint Paul testified, that, we shall all 

* Mat. xxY. 31, 32, 33, 34, 41. t Rev. xx. 12. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 89 

stand before the judgment seat of Christ. Our Lord, 
you recollect, said, that before him all nations should be 
gathered. Several things may be offered to show why, 
they will be summoned to appear together before Christ's 

1. In instances of judging people in this life, God has 
made his judicial proceedings public. That which respect- 
ed Adam, has been known in every age, since it took 
place. Those relative to Egypt, Assyria, the Jews, and 
a multitude of others, too well known to need a recital, 
were public at the times, in which they took place, and 
ever since ; and will be to all in future time, who will be 
acquainted with the Bible. Hence it is rational to con- 
clude, that in judging the world, he will do it in such a 
manner, as that his proceedings, in that great affair, will 
be publicly known. Instances of judging people, and na- 
tions here, though in themselves vastly important, and an- 
swering many wise ends ; yet compared with judging the 
world, and ends to be answered by it, become cyphers. 
Are these comparatively inconsiderable judicial acts ex- 
hibited to pubhc view; we may conclude, that God will 
act in the most public manner in an affair of such infinite 
magnitude, as that of completing his judicial proceedings, 
by judging a whole world. And we may add, angels and 
devils. For they will be judged at that time. The infer- 
ence from his judging in that public manner, which we 
have reason to think that he will, is, that all will be called 
together to give an opportunity to make his proceedings 

2. By making his judicial acts public, he glorifies hun- 
self. I will get me honor upon Pharaoh, upon all his 


liost, ujjon Jiis cliariots OMd liorsemen* For this same 
jjurjjose have I raised thee up that I might sheiv my joower 
in thee, and that my najne might he declared throughout 
all the earth.-f The song, tliat Israel sang at the over- 
throw of that haughty monarch, hath for its leading idea 
the glorj which God displayed in the terrible judgments, 
which were inj&icted on him. When God judged Israel in 
the wilderness, and doomed them to death and ruin, he 
testified, that, by that act, he would give a most illustrious 
display of himself. As truly as J live, all the earth shall 
he filled ivith the glory of the Lord.% When he shall judge 
all mankmd, which will be a work, that will infinitely tran- 
scend all his past works of this nature, it may be expected, 
that he will make most illustrious displays of himself. But 
we have more evidence of tliis, than what rises from infer- 
ence. The doxology, that will be sung, in the day, when 
God shall pass sentence upon aU, is expressive of the great 
glory, that he wiU get by it. "Alleluia: salvation, and 
glory, and honor, and power unto the Lord our God. For 
true and righteous are his judgments, and again they said, 
Alleluia." " And her smoke rose up for ever and ever." 
To see the display that God will make of himself, there is 
the utmost propriety of his assembling all mankind before 
his tribunal. For how will his glory appear, unless man- 
kind be called together to see it. 

By bemg present, they will have an opportunity of see- 
ing the difficulties and objections removed, which they 
have against the manner of his government of the world. 
Now they blame God. They think, he might have made 
a better world, and wonder why he did not. They think 
things might have been adjusted more wisely. They tlimk 

* Exod. xiv. 17. t Eom. ix. 17. J Num. xiv. 21 

judson's sermon in 1790. 91 

it is unjust, that poor mortals should suffer a burden of 
afflictions in life, then die and go to hell. Thej think, it 
is hard, that some should be left to perish, while others are 
saved. They cannot see, whj God should blame them for 
not loving him with all the heart, when they think they 
are unable to do it. I knew thee that tJiou art an hard 
man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gatheriny 
where tJiou hast not straived,'^ — is language expressive of 
the feelings of the sinful heart towards God. And good 
people have sometimes a degree of the same wicked sen- 
sations. In the day of judgment God will show that he 
acted wisely, in governing the world as he did, which will 
give full satisfaction to holy beings, and excite the highest 
exercises of joy, and stop the mouths of sinners. By be- 
ing present they will be under advantage of seeing a glo- 
rious display of divine grace and justice. The holy sove- 
reign of the world saves believers and punishes the wicked. 
Against this conduct many bitter complaints are made. 
The human heart rises against it. God will look into this 
matter, in the solemn day of trial, and show on which side 
the blame lies. lie tvill hring to light the hidden things 
of darkness, and make manifest the counsels of the heart.]' 
Every idle ivord that men shall speak, they shall give ac- 
count thereof in the day of judgment. \ He will expose 
the sins of every one to public view. How exceedingly 
vile will men appear. They will appear so hateful and ill- 
deserving, that the riches of God's grace in saving Christ's 
people, will be magnified beyond conception; and the pun- 
ishment of impenitent sinners will appear so perfectly 
right, that they will be convicted of the impropriety and 
sin of all their hard speeches against God. 

* Mat. XXV. 24. t 1 Cor. iy. 5. t Mat. xii. 36. 


By being together in the presence of their Judge, they 
will have an opportunity of seeing in clear light, why God 
separates sinners and saints. They live together in this 
world. Let both grow together imtil the harvest* They 
have connections with one another here. Some of which 
are interesting, and some very dear. Such are those be- 
tween the partners of each other's joys and sorrows in the 
conjugal state —between parents and children — between 
ministers and people, and between members in church fel- 
lowship. At death connections are dissolved between the 
righteous and the wicked. Until the day of judgment 
they will live apart. And so they will forever after that 
great day. Though apart, and in infinitely different states, 
they will be in sight of each other. Abraham could cast 
his eyes towards hell, and see the rich man in torment. 
That same rich man could lift up a painful eye, and see 
Abraham and Lazarus. The righteous shall go forth, and 
look upon the carcases of the men, that have transgressed 
against me. For their ivorm shall not die, neither shall 
their fire he quenched.-f To be thus separated requires a 
weighty reason. And to reconcile the righteous to it, and 
convict sinners of the propriety of it, and stop their cavil- 
ings against God, the reason must be seen. In the great 
day he will make the reason known. He tells us now, 
why he separates them. But then he will do it more 
clearly, by laying open the character of every one. AVlien 
he does, the contrast of characters will appear so great, 
that all will see abundant reason for the wide separation. 

That God may have an opportunity of e:diibiting him- 
self; and all mankind have opportunity of learning more 
fully, that he acts wisely in his government of the world ; 

* Mat. xiii. 30. t Isai. Ixvi. 24. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 93 

and that they may behold his grace and justice shine in 
his treatment of mankind, and see the reason of his sepa- 
rating his friends and enemies, are reasons, T\'hj all should 
be assembled at the august court of heaven ; and reasons 
also, why such an event may be expected. 

3. Their connections seem to require, that they should 
be together at the trial. 

There are a multitude of things, which take place be- 
tween the children of men in this life to be settled then ; 
and many kmdnesses expressed among saints toward one 
another to be rewarded, the nature of which, is such, as 
will require their attendance together. 

There are many things between parties, which are nev- 
er settled in this life, that will be settled in the day of 
judgment. We often hear it said concerning people at 
variance, who cannot, or will not settle their quarrels, 
" their affairs must be left to be settled in the day of judg- 
ment." If matters between parties are to be settled at 
that time, both parties must be present. And those par- 
ties may have difficulties with other parties to be settled. 
And those other parties with others. In this sense the 
connection may be general ; and of consequence all must 
be present. But there are many affairs among mankind 
of extensive connection, wdiich are to be settled then ; such 
as those that are national. A tyrant may abuse millions 
of his subjects, and do infinite mischief to other nations. 
The cruel sword of Alexander brought millions to an un- 
timely end, and entailed wretchedness to posterity. A 
king may be the wicked cause of rivers of blood among 
his subjects, and by influential connection be the unjust 
cause of the same horrid calamity among many nations. 
And those nations may be the instruments of spreading 


the calamity to others. In this Avaj, it may extend over 
all the nations of the earth. Further the present nations 
may be instrumental of carrymg the calamities of war 
down to posterity. And posterity still further down. We 
can conceive, and doubtless it is true, that this kind of 
connection extends itself through the earth, and through 
all ages. If so all mankind must be together, in the day 
of judgment, when God will settle all national affairs, ex- 
pose the tyrant, and vindicate the innocent. 

Good people have their connections. They assist one 
another in the journey of life towards heaven. The be- 
nevolent man loves his christian brethren. He watches 
their conduct, prays for their spii'itual good, and shows 
them kindness, by imparting to them such things as they 
need. For every thing that he does, for his brethren in 
the exercise of love, he will be rewarded. A cup of cold 
water, given to a disciple of Christ, will not be forgotten. 
A reward is m store for the christian who gives it. And 
no inconsiderable part of the reward, will be the joy, that 
their presence will give him in the day of Judgment. 
The Apostle Paul was instrumental of converting many, 
and of buildmg them up in the faith, and order of the gos- 
pel. He is to be rewarded in the day of judgment for all 
his labor for their spiritual good. And his reward will be 
the joy, that it wiU give him to see them standing before 
the tribunal, as monuments of the victorious grace of God. 
For loliat is our liope, or joy, or croivn of rejoicing? Are 
not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at 
his coming* If the reward of Paul is to consist in the 
joy that he will have in seeing his converts at the day of 
judgment, they must be present, or he will not have his 

* 1 Thess. ii. 19. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 95 

If the converts of Paul must be present, Timothy must 
be there ; for he was one of the converts of St. Paul. 
And the converts of Timothy must be there also, that 
Timothy may have his reward for his labors for their spir- 
itual good. The converts of Timothy, some of whom, were 
probably instrumental of converting others, and they of 
others, all for the reason just given, must be there on the 
solemn day of rewards and punishments. The connection 
in this sense may, and probably does exist through the 
great body of the people of God, in all ages, which shows 
that all must be together, when God judges the world. 

III. The day of judgment will be a great day. 

A DAY may be called great on account of the great 
things, which are done upon it. The fourth of July is 
esteemed a great day; because on that day of the month, 
we declared ourselves free independent states. That was 
a great day, when God promised to give a Saviour to fal- 
len man. That was a great day, when the rain began to 
fall, which destroyed the world. That also, on which fire 
fell from heaven, and consumed the people of Sodom. 
That was a great day, in which God gave the law from 
Sinai. That likewise on which the Saviour was born, and 
that on Avhich he hung upon the cross. All these have 
been great days. But were not so great as that, in which 
God will judge mankind, except that, on which the Lord 
of life, cried out upon the cross, " It is finished.'' Grand 
scenes, and infinitely interesting events will then take 
place. Such as will attract the attention of heaven, earth 
and hell. Some of which, I shall now mention with a 
view to show, that it will be a great day. 

1. It will be a great day; because Christ will appear 
again to our world. 


Almost eighteen hundred years ago he appeared among 
mankind, lived to the age of thirty and three years, and 
then suftered death on the cross, was buried, arose and as- 
cended into heaven to tarry there until the end of the 
world. Then he will come again to our earth. That same 
Jesus, who lived a term of time m the land of Israel, and 
who was taken up into heaven, Avill open the heavens, de- 
scend, and come again to this world. He tarries to get 
things ready for his coming, as he did for his coming in 
the flesh. He then tarried to get things ready for his 
appearance. He now tarries to get things ready to come 
to judge the world. Wlien all things were ready, he came 
down, and died to make atonement. When all things are 
ready, he will come down a second time, and then judge 
the world. He now upholds the world ; he raises up na- 
tions and empires, and casts them down; he sends forth 
the heralds of his gospel to call in the elect from the four 
winds of heaven ; he diffuses light round this blind world, 
and by his almighty power opens the eyes of his chosen to 
see it ; he calls away generations and lays them in the 
dust, and brings forward others in their room ; he shakes 
the heavens and the earth ; that is, civil and ecclesiastical 
powers, to prepare things for his second appearance. And 
when all things are ready, he will appear. 

2. It will be a great day; because the appearance of 
Christ will be most public. 

When he appeared in the flesh but a very few people, 
compared with the great body of mankind, saw him. He 
confined himself to the land of Palestine. And although 
he went into many places in that land, he did not go over 
the whole country. Multitudes of the people never saw 
him. None of the people of other nations ever saw him 

judson's sermon in 1790. 97 

except some, who either resided in the land of Israel, or 
occasionally came there, during his residence in the flesh. 
But -when he shall appear in the day of judgment, he will 
be seen by all mankind. Behold lie cometh ivith clouds, 
and every eye shall see him* All that Avill be alive on 
the earth at his appearance, will see him. The people of 
the present day, and all that have lived before, and that 
will live in future days, will behold him. 

3. It will be a great day ; because he will appear hi 
his glory. When Christ spoke of his coming in the day 
of judgment, he said, when the son of man shall come in 
his glory ;j plainly signifying that when he should appear 
to judge the world, he should appear in his glory. 

By his glory, which he spake of, is meant, that bright 
appearance, which was often seen to attend him, and which 
was a token of his majesty and of his presence. ^Yhen 
he spake to Moses from the bush in Horeb, he appeared 
in a light, that appeared like fire. When he conducted 
Israel from Egypt to Canaan, a bright cloud hung over 
them by day and by night. When the people set up the 
tabernacle in the wilderness, that brightness hovered over 
it, and part of it entered into the tabernacle, filling it v>'ith 
the appearance of light and fire, and collected into a small 
body in the most holy place, over the mercy seat and ark, 
under the wings of the cherubim. This bright appearance 
was called the glory of the Lord. It tarried in the most 
holy place, until the days of Eli, the High Priest and then, 
because of the wickedness of Israel, it forsook the taber- 
nacle and appeared no more till the days of King Solo- 
mon. When Solomon had completed the building of the 
temple, it returned and entered in at the door, and filled 

* Eev. i. 7. t Matt. xxv. 31. 



the whole house ; and thou collected iu a small body, in 
the most Holy Place, hi the manner it had done in the 
tabernacle. In the temple it tarried, till about the time 
of the great captivity of the people of the kingdom of 
Judah, among the Babylonians, and other nations subject 
to the Babylonish King ; and Avas seen no more, till the 
God of Israel appeared in the flesh to redeem a lost world. 
Then it appeared several times. Probably this glory 
was the star, which appeared to the wise men of the east, 
and conducted them to Judea to the place, Avhere the Sa- 
viour was. This bright appearance, called a bright cloud, 
overshadowed Christ and the three disciples, who were 
w^ith him in the mount. And when he ascended into heav- 
en, he Avent up in a bright cloud. And when he appears 
in the day of judgment, he will be surrounded w^ith the 
same appearance. Thus testified the angels, who appear- 
ed and spake to those, who stood gazing on Christ, as he 
was going from earth to heaven. And while they looked 
steadfastly toward heaven, as he went u^j, behold, two men 
stood by them in white apparel; tvhich also said, ye men 
of G-alilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This 
same Jesus ivhich is taken up from you into heaven, shall 
so come, in like manner, as ye have seen him go into heav- 
en* " He is gone up from you to take his residence in 
the mansions of glory ; but he Avill return again and visit 
your world. He went up in a bright cloud ; and when he 
comes again he will come in a bright cloud." To thia 
declaration of the angels, agree the words of John. Be- 
hold he Cometh with clouds.^ John doubtless alludes to 
the manner of his appearance in instances before, signify- 
ino- that he would come in the same brightness, called the 

* Actsi. 10, 11. t Rev. i. 7, 

judson's sermox in 1790. 99 

glory of the Lord. That glory, in >Yhich he ayiII appear, 
will be brighter than the meridian sun. It -will illuminate 
the world. Maj it be not said the universe. What a 
magnificent appearance will the Lord Jesus make. 

4. The angels will come with him. Heaven will pour 
forth its legions of angels, who will attend on Christ, 
when he shall come to our world again. 

AxGELS were made to attend on Christ. Two angels 
attended him, when he came to Abraham at JMamre. Ja- 
cob in a vision saw angels descending from heaven and as- 
cending, while the angel of the covenant, who was Christ, 
was renewing the covenant with him, which the Lord had 
made before with Abraham. When Christ gave the Law 
to Moses on mount Sinai, he did it by the disposition of 
angels. An angel announced to the shepherds his birth. 
When he was tempted by Satan, angels descended and 
administered unto him. When he agonized in the garden, 
in the deepest sorroAv, an angel was dispatched from heav- 
en to strengthen him. An angel came down and rolled 
away the stone, that lay on the mouth of his sepulchre, 
that when he awoke into life he might have opportunity to 
come from his grave. JNIary saw two angels in his grave, 
after he had risen, one sitting at the head, and the other 
at the place, where his head and feet had lain. When he 
ascended, two angels appeared at the same time to those 
wdio saAv him go up into heaven. When he shall clothe 
himself in majesty, open the heavens, and come down 
again, all the holy angels will come with him. Legions of 
bright seraphs will attend him down the skies, and shout 
his praises in the most sublime songs. His appearance 
will be very different from that, which he made when he 
appeared to take away sin. A few men from the east 


presented their gifts, and paid homage to him : when he 
shall appear again all men will bow to him, some willingly, 
others against their wills. Then a few poor people fre- 
quently attended him, and his very disciples weire not men, 
who made a figure in life : when he shall come again, all 
the hosts of angels will be his attendants. Then a few- 
poor mortals lisped his praise : when he comes the second 
time, millions of angels will sound his praises aloud. 

5. The day of judgment Avill be a great day; beca,use 
Christ vrill come in the character of a judge. Because lie; 
that is, God, Itath appointed a day in tJie tvliich lie ivill 
judge the ivorld in rigliteou&ness hy that man ivhom he 
liatli ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all 
men, in that he hath raised him from the dead* And he 
commanded us to preach unto the pteople, and to testify 
that it is he : that is Christ, which urns ordained of God 
to he the judge of qidck and dead.'f Agreeable to these 
texts are his own Avords. The Father judgeth no man ; 
hut hath committed all judgment unto the Son.'^ When 
the Son of Man shall come in his glory, and all the holy 
angels with him ; then shall he -sit iqwn the throne of his 
glory. ^ To represent himself as sitting on a throne in the 
day of judgment, is representing himself as one that would 
act as king and judge. For a throne is a token of roj^alty 
and judgment. 

When he appeared in the flesh, he acted as a Saviour. 

He opened the vray of life to mankind. He stated the 

terms of salvation, and invited sinners to return to the 

Lord in his name. He preached. He wept over sinners. 

He died on the cross to atone for their sins. After his 

resurrection, he sent his Heralds abroad among the nations 

^ Acts xvii. 31. t Acts x. 42. t John v. 22. 

(> Mat. XXV. 31. 

judson's sermox in 1790. 101 

to inform people, that tliej were sinful, helpless and ruin- 
ed, and going to endless destruction ; and inform them, 
Avho he was, and invite them to believe in him, and live 
for ever. He holds out the golden sceptre, and invites us 
to arise, touch it and live. He ^\ill contmue to offer sal- 
vation to mankind to the end of the world. Then he will 
cease to oifer mercj to sinners ; for then he will appear as 
a judge to call mankind to his tribunal, to examine, and 
pass sentence, according to each one's character. Now 
he offers pardon and life ; he will then treat them as they 
treat his offer. Now he proposes eternal life, speaks Avith 
sinners by his word, and most kindly asks them to accept 
his glorious offer of mercy ; then he will ask how they 
treated his offer. And all those, who, now in the day of 
grace, accept the proposal, he will sentence to eternal life, 
and those, Avho do not, he will cast into eternal misery. 
Thus his appearance will be for a very different purpose 
from what it was, when he came as Saviour. 

6. It will be a great day, because Christ wUl judge all 
moral beings, of which we have any account. 

He will judge every one of mankind. Adam with his 
numerous offspring will be present. Not a man Avill es- 
cape trial. The most worthless and respectable, the shi- 
ner and the righteous, must appear before Christ. 

He will judge the fallen angels. When God created 
the angels, it is supposed by some Divines, that it Avas re- 
vealed in heaven, that one would be born of man, whom 
the angels would be commanded to worship ; that many of 
the angels disdained the idea; that this pride in their 
hearts was their sin, and that which made them devils. 
Be this as it may. It is evident, that vast numbers of the 
angels turned rebels to God, and became devils. All 


tliese evil beings will be judged in tlie great day. Not an 
individual will escape the penetrating eye of the judge. 
None can hide themselves in the dark regions. All must 
come forth and give their attendance at the tribunal of 
Christ. And the angels ivMcli kept not their first estate, 
hut left their oivn habitation, he hath reserved m everlast- 
ing chains tmder darkness unto the judgment of the great 
day* If God spared 7iot the ayigels ivhich sinned, hut 
cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of 
darhiess to he reserved tinto judgment.^ 

He -will judge the holy angels. They will all be pres- 
ent. He will lay open their amiable character to the as- 
sembled universe of intellectual beings ; and will most pub- 
licly approve of them as his friends, and faithful servants. 

Thus three worlds, heaven, earth and hell will be judg- 
ed. This will be an event infinitely great. If one poor 
mortal is taken from a prison, and carried' before a civil 
judicature, and tried for the life of his body, it engages 
the attention of many people, and renders the day of his 
trial memorable and great in his family and among his 
connections. But how much greater Avill that day be, 
when all mankind, and all good and ba 1 spirits, shall ap- 
pear before Christ, and be tried, and be sentenced some to 
eternal happiness, and others to eternal misery. 

7. It will be a great day ; because all the dead will be 

That the body must die, and be put into the ground, to 
be devoured by worms, is a most serious consideration. 
To day you live ; to-morrow you die, next day you are 
carried away, and laid in the cold earth. The heart of 
the vain, and the heart of the infidel, may laugh at the 
* Judc, verse 6. t 2 Peter ii. 4. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 103 

idea ; but both of them -will feci distressed, bej^ond ^vhat 
human tongue can describe, when death comes to call 
them away. 

But the time approaches Avhen the dead will be raised. 
Elijah, a great Prophet in Israel, raised to life the son of 
the widow of Zarephath. Elisha, his successor, raised the 
son of the Shunammite, When Ehsha was dead, and lay 
in his sepulchre, a dead corpse, which was let down into 
the same grave, revived, as soon as it touched the bones 
of Elisha. Those Prophets were a type of Christ. Their 
raising the dead, a type that Christ would raise the dead. 
At least, it shows that such an event is possible. 

We have passages of scripture, which expressly declare, 
that the dead shall be raised. Many of them that sleep 
in the dust of the earth shall awaJce, some to everlasting 
life, and some to shame, and everlasting contempt* These 
words were spoken by the prophet Daniel, and pretty fully 
declare, that men will awake from their slumber in the 
grave. " The moment, that I was writing this sentence, 
struck the clock nine, m a few moments more said I, I 
shall retire to rest on my pillow, but may awake and arise 
in the morning. After a few days, at most, I shall retire 
to the cold earth, Avhere my dust will remam till the day 
of judgment. Then I shall awake and come forth ; for 
Christ says;" Verily verily I say unto you, the hour is 
coming, and notv is, ivhen the dead shall hear the voice of 
the Son of Grod, and they that hear shall live.f 

Christ delivered these words in the days of his incar- 
nation. " The hour is coming, when those, who are dead 
and in the grave shall hear my voice and shall live. And 
now is, the hour now is; that is, in this time, while I am 

* Dan. xii. 2. t John v. 25. 


among you the dead hear my voice and rise." He raised 
three in the time he was executing his commission as Sa- 
viour. Some were raised at his resurrection. At the 
end of the world he will raise every one. The venerable 
gray hair and blooming youth, the parent and child, will 
come forth out of the ground. That power, which quick- 
ened Lazarus, will be able to collect the dust of men, and 
call back their souls to take possession of their bodies. 
The multitudes of unhappy mortals, who have been buried 
in the seas, Avill be called into life. Vast plains, where 
dead bodies, slam in battle, have been left to putrify above 
ground, without the honor of a decent interment, aylII be 
covered Vvith living men, whose dust now lies mingled with 
the common dust of the earth. Every plat of ground, 
devoted to receive the dead, will open its graves and send 
forth all that have been buried in them. 

8. The vast number of rational beings, that will be to- 
gether, will make the day great. 

Now angels live in heaven ; devils in hell ; mankind 
live in different ages of the vforld, and scattered all over 
the earth. Even people of the same family are separated ; 
some in the grave ; and some among the living. Then 
angels, men and devils will be collected before the judg- 
ment seat of Christ. Wliat an amazing number will be 
together. Xerxes collected an army of five millions. But 
what was that number, compared with the present inliabi- 
tants of the earth ? Still less, compared with all the gen- 
erations before the flood ; and from the flood to Christ ; 
and from the days of Christ to this time ; and from this 
time down to the end of the world. And less yet, if we 
add, as we must, the whole host of angels, and all the fal- 
len spirits. Truly the collection of the mhabitants of 

judson's sermon in 1700. 105 

tliree worlds, of lieavcn, earth and hell, at the judgment 
seat of Christ, >Yill make the day great. 

9. It will be a great day ; because every one will be 

Angels are now attentive to things of eternit3^ Their 
attention is employed in pleasing thoughts on God, and 
the things of religion. Devils attend to the things of 
eternity. They live in eternity ; and cannot help attend- 
ing to everlasting things. The souls of all good people, 
that are dead, attend to nothing else, but the things of 
religion. Perhaps, some of our departed christian friends 
are this day delightfully conversing together on the temp- 
tations, trials and dangers, through which they passed on 
their journey to heaven. Departed souls of wicked people 
attend to eternal things. They have no pleasing amuse- 
ments ; no hours of merriment ; no ambitious prospects ; 
no hopes of deliverance. To them all is eternity. And 
they liave nothing, to which they attend, but eternal things. 
A fovf, in this world, attend. They wake up out of the 
sleep of security, attend, inquire, and feel concerned. 
But the great body of people vrill not attend. They know 
that they must die, but it gives them no trouble. To die, 
and appear before God, and be given up to eternal happi- 
ness, or misery, are matters of so little importance in their 
view, that they do not give them a serious thought, or one 
painful reflection. They are so stupid, that the most 
alarming considerations will not excite their fear, or put 
them upon serious inquiry, " what they shall do?" 

But in the day of judgment, all men will be roused 
into attention. There will not be a careless spectator 
among the whole. The call to come forward to the tribu- 
nal will excite the attention of every one. Who, Avhen he 


sees the judge on his throne, surrounded with his refulgent 
glory, can feel indifferent and unconcerned ? Who, when 
he sees worlds in flames, and all moral beings waiting the 
final decision of the judge, can be inattentive ? When a 
town or socieij of people are awakened, and are under 
conviction of sin, it excites their attention to eternal 
things. Thej hear with solicitude; thej converse, and 
are inquisitive. Such a day becomes memorable, and is 
esteemed a great day. But what is this compared to the 
day in which all intellectual existences will be awake to 
matters of the first magnitude. To see a few people 
awakened is really a great affair ; but to see worlds awak- 
ened, is infinitely greater. 

10. It will be a great day on account of the joys and 
sorrows that will fill all hearts, at that time. Those that 
will weep, will weep most bitterly. And those that will 
rejoice, will rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory. 

The day will present the most brilliant scenes to all 
good beings. They will see the divine perfections shuie 
most conspicuously, which will excite, in their joyful 
breasts, the highest happiness. Divine justice and sover- 
eignty, mercy and wisdom, which they will clearly see, 
will charm their souls, and fill them with the purest pleas- 
ure. They will see the w^isdom of many j)rovidences, 
which now appear dark and mysterious. They will un- 
derstand the end, God has in view, in governing the world 
as he does. This will give them admiration and dehght. 
Even Grod, himself, will take infinite delight in showing 
his true character in a clear light ; and he will take infinite 
pleasure in seeing the displays of himself; and he will take 
pleasure in that pleasure which good beings will take in 
beholding him. Thus there will be happiness in the breasts 
of all good beings. 

judson's sermon in 1790. 107 

Wicked beings will be filled with the deepest distress. 
A view of God gives pain to a sinner. In the day of 
judgment, sinners Avill have clear views of God, which Avill 
put them to the most distressing pain. The day will be a 
day of lamentation and woe. When sinners will be called 
forward for trial, they will not expect to be acquitted. 
As soon as their souls depart from this world, they know 
that they must be eternally miserable. And this idea will 
abide by them forever. When they go forward to the 
judgment seat for trial, they will know that the judge will 
not acquit them ; but expose all their sins to the assembled 
universe of intellectual beings; that their badness may 
appear to all; that the sentence, which dooms to everlast- 
ing misery, may appear just. What horror will this give 
them ! What shame and remorse will they feel ! when re- 
flecting that they are going before a judge, who will show 
what hateful, ill-deserving creatures they are, and that he 
will be just in punishing them forever. 

11. It will be a great day; because of the conviction 
that Avill take place in the minds of sinners. 

One great end of the day of judgment is to convict the 
wicked of their sins. JBeJiold, the Lord cometh with ten 
thousand of his saints, to execute judgment upon all, and 
to convince all that are ungodly among them,, of all their 
ungodly deeds, ivhich they have ungodly committed, and 
of all their hard sj^eeches, which ungodly sinners have 
spoken against him* 

Sinners do many things now, which they think are 

right, who will be convinced, in the day of judgment, that 

they are wrong. Now sinners think it no sin to give 

themselves up to pleasure : then they will be convinced, 

* Judo, verocs 14, 15. 


that instead of pursuing their pleasures, thej ought to 
have spent the time in prayer, reading and meditation. 
Now they think it is no sin to take advantage of others, 
and get good bargains for themselves, and cheat if they 
have an opportunity; and some carry it so far as to say, 
it is no hurt to lie, if they can get something by it: 
then they "will be convinced that such conduct is sinful, 
and that they ought to have regarded the good of others, 
as they did their own good. Now they tliink it well enough 
to recreate themselves upon the sabbath, and neglect the 
worship and ordinances of God : then they will be con- 
vinced of the sin of this conduct. Of the sin of these, 
and of all their other ungodly deeds, they will be con\"inc- 

And they will be convicted of the sin of all their hard 
speeches against God. Sinners say a great deal against 
God. Volumes are written to find fault with his sacred 
truths. Some pulpits sound loud with such things as, at 
least, imply complaints against the Most High. Sinners 
complain of the peculiar, distinguishing doctrines of the 
gospel. In the day of judgment they will be con\inced 
that it is wicked to talk about God as they do. Now they 
say " God is an hard master:" then they will be convinc- 
ed, that it is a sin to talk in this manner. Now they say, 
"that if he acts as a sovereign he is unjust:" then they 
wUl be convinced, that it is sinful to talk thus. Now they 
say, " it is unjust to be called upon to love God with ail 
the heart, to repent of sin, and believe in the Lord Jesus, 
when," as they say, "they cannot:" then sinners will be 
led to see, that it was nothing but an evil heart, which 
kept them from loving, repenting and believmg ; and that 
to excuse themselves on account of a wicked heart is real- 

judson's sermon in 1790. 109 

\j criminal. Now thej find fault -with tlie AYaj of life by 
Christ. "Must we," saj they, " renounce our righteous- 
ness, heartily confess that we deserve to be cast into hell, 
and look to Jesus for salvation, and believe m him on pain 
of eternal ruin. This is hard. This is cruel." In the 
day of Judgment, they will bo convicted of the sin of 
talking in this manner. Now sinners ridicule religion, 
call sober, conscientious people whimsical. And the man, 
who abides by the doctrines, which he professes, and 
pleads for the cause of religion, they call superstitious. 
Of the sin of all these hard speeches, which are in effect 
against God, they will be convinced in the day, when they 
appear before God. For Christ is to convince all that are 
ungodly of all their hard speeches, ivhich ungodly sinners 
have sjjoken against him. It will be really a great event 
to convince a world of sinful men, of all their vile deeds, 
and of all the hard things, which they say of God. 

12. It will be a great day; because there will be an 
end to the means' of grace, an end to the world, and all 
things in it. 

No more warnings will be given to sinners. Every 
saint will then go home to rest from trials and afflictions. 
Sabbaths will be swallowed up in one eternal sabbath in 
heaven. The heralds of the Lord Jesus will go forth no 
more to preach the terrors of the Law, and administer the 
balm of the gospel. No more opportunities for prayer 
will be granted to poor sinners ; neither will the saints lift 
up one cry to the God of mercies in their behalf. The 
great work of redemption, as it relates to what is done in 
this world will be finished. 

Christ wiU then have no further use for this earth, and 
worlds subservient to it. He will, therefore, destroy it 


and them. He will put in his sickle, reap the harvest, 
and give up the field to fire. The Jieaveyis and the eartli 
which are noiv, hy the same word are kept in store, re- 
served %mto fire, against the day of judgment, and perdi- 
tion of ungodly men* The heavens shall pass away with 
a great noise, a7id the elements shall melt with fervent 
heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall 
he burned up.-\ Fields and vineyards vrill be destroyed, 
and cultivated no more. The sun will forget to rise and 
set. The moon will not know her place The horrors of 
war, and the songs of the gay will totally cease. Like 
noble structures and lofty piles tumbling down in a city 
consuming in flames of fire, material worlds will tumble 
from their magnificence, and perish in one general confla- 
gration. How tremendous the scene! How great the 

13. Othee things, which will make the day of judg- 
ment great, will be the separation that the judge will make 
between the righteous and the Avicked, and the sentence 
that he will pass. 

Ee shall separate them one from another as a shepherd 
divideth his sheep from the goats : and he shall set the 
sheep) on his right hatid, but the goats on the left.% In 
ancient days when people were tried by civil courts, the 
innocent were ordered by the judge to go over on the 
right hand ; the guilty on the left. In allusion to this 
practice, our Saviour speaks of placing the righteous on 
the right hand, the wicked on the left. 

He will separate families. He Avill set the pious parent 
on the right, and his wicked children on the left. The 
pious brother and sister on the right hand, the wicked pa- 

* 2 Pet. iii. 7 t 2 Pet. iii. 10. % Matt. xxt. 32, 33. 

judson's sermon in 1790. Ill 

rent, brethren and sisters on the left. On the right hand 
■will stand Enoch, Moses and all the saints, who lived be- 
fore Christ. Also all, who belong to the society of believ- 
ers in the days of the gospel. Our christian friends, who 
belonged to this town, who are departed, you will see on 
the right hand of the judge. On the left you see Judas, 
Avho sold his Lord for thirty pieces of silver. Judas, 
.wouldst thou not give more than that goodly price to be 
deHvered from thy Judge ! There stands Pilate with pale 
face, and trembling limbs, who passed sentence, that Christ 
should be crucified. Wouldst thou not give worlds and all 
the equipage that once adorned thy court to be saved from 
the sentence, that Jesus is about to pass on thee. And 
what great m^ultitude is that, vrhich we behold? It is 
that which is composed of Jews, who insulted Christ on 
the cross, and all unbelievers, waiting to hear the dreadful 
sentence from him, whom in this life they despised. 

"When the trial is finished, and the separation made, 
the judge will pass sentence. Come^ ye blessed of my 
Father inherit the kingdom 'prepared for you from the 
foundation of the ivorld* Songs of praise will burst from 
the vast host of the righteous, expressive of their joyful 
feelings, and of their admiration of the grace of God in 
their salvation. All become silent, the whole multitude of 
good and evil beings solemn and attentive. The judge 
with a voice, that will be heard through the vast host, 
passes sentence against the wicked. Depart from me, ye 
cursed into everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his 
angels.f They sink under the sentence down to eternal 
woe. The righteous ascend in triumph to eternal joys. 
* Mat. XXV. 34. t Mat. xxv. 41. 


Let us now close this interesting and solemn subject 
■with a very brief application. 

I. Christ hath a great character. 

We often judge of characters by what they do. In 
this way, we may judge of the character of Christ. Will 
he raise the dead, and judge every moral being in heaven, 
earth and hell, he will do a great work, that infinitely tran- 
scends the abihty of any finite being. Can any being, 
that is not infinitely powerful, wise and just, do such a 
great work ? The work is so great, that it gives the most 
exalted thoughts of him, and compels us into a belief, that 
he is God. 

II. Are we to be judged for what we do in this life, 
and to be treated according to the character, which we 
form here, the time of life is important. 

We live but a short time. The oldest person can say, 
that his days are few. But a few live to old age. Some 
die in youth. Others are cut ofi" in the midst of their 
days. In this short life, every one of us are forming 
characters, in which we shall appear in the great day of 
trial. How important then is the time of life. 

III. Are we to appear before Christ to be judged, it 
highly concerns us to secure an interest in his favor. 

His smiles will be life. His frowns will be death. 
Who, in his senses, wishes to spend his short life in sin, 
provoke Christ, and receive the sentence : Depart ye curs- 

IV. We have a most interesting scene before us. 

A sick bed is interesting. Death is interesting. But 
the day of judgment is more interesting ; for each one of 
us must be present, and have a part in the transactions of 
the day. We now realize life. We shall realize death. 

judson's sermon IX 1790. 113 

We shall realize the solemn thmgs of the day of judgment. 
It is certain that the offers of mercy are made to us. But 
not more certain, than that we shall be judged. The day 
being distant does not lessen its interesting nature. When 
the time comes, it will be as important to us, as if it 
should begin to day. It was as interesting to Pilate, who 
lived seventeen hundred years ago, as it is to a man, who 
lives in this age. You will, dear friends, feel the truth of 
"this observation, when you meet Christ in judgment. De- 
lays, objections and unbelief will not save you from the 
trial. Rocks and mountaias cannot cover you from the 
knowledge of the judge. Be you, where you may, his 
summons will arrest, and carry you to the tribunal. 



Note A. Page 38. 

It does not comport with the plan of tlais work to enter mi- 
nutely into a history of the nnhappy clifFerences, which sprang 
up in town a little before the beginning of the present centmy. 
A few facts only, contained in the authentic Kecords of the 
times, will be given. 

"Nov. 12, 1790. At a meeting of the church, convened at 
Dca. Eobert Grossman's, the following questions were submit- 
ted to the church, and votes passed : 

1st. Whether the church are satisfied with the doctrines, 
preaching, and christian conduct of the Eev. Ephraim Judson, 
the Pastor? Voted in the affirmative. 

2d. Whether the church wish to continue him in the ministry, 
if it be thought consistent with his usefulness, and the good of 
the Congregational Society? Voted in the affirmative. In 
each of the above votes," say the Records, " there was no dis- 
senting voice, excepting one brother, who chose not to vote, be- 
cause he did not like the mode of proceeding." 

At this meeting, the church appointed a Committee, of which 
Brig. Gen. George Godfrey was Chairman, "to prepare an ad- 
dress to the congregation, asking for their cooperation and aid 
in the support of Mr. Judson." In this address, they " deplore 
a disagreable dissolution of that connection which has now for 
some years been sustained. In that case," they continue, "it 
appears to us somewhat alarming, and that serious consequences 
will unavoidably be the effect of such a dissolution. Said 
church are unanimously of opinion, that should a sepai'ation 


between our present Pastor and us take place, hj reason of the 
diflBculties aforesaid, (they had enumerated some of them,) the 
probability of a division in this society for the future "will be the 
effect, although we the said members have not the remotest ■wish 
for such a separation. As embracers of the doctrines practiced 
by our forefathers of real religion, at their emigration over the 
Atlantic to this country, the church propose in no wise to be 
deficient according to their ability, in continuing our present 
Pastor in the work of the ministry. Xotwithstanding, should 
3'ou be of a mind very different, respecting his remaining in 
that relation to us, and in consec[uence thereof, contentions, 
separations and divisions take place among us, we are persuad- 
ed, you will by no means whatever, charge us as being accesso- 
ry thereto." 

The appeal of the church to the congregation was not suc- 
cessful in constraining a sufficient number to unite in the sup- 
port of 3Ir. Judson, to render his continuance in town desirable 
and pleasant. 

XoTE B. Page 40. 

The Council called to consider the question of dismissing 3Ir. 
Judson, consisted of Kev. 3Ir. Weld, of Braintree, Rev. Mr. 
ISiles, of Abington, Eev. ]Mr. Smith, of Dighton, Eev. Mr. 
Andros, of Berkley, and their delegates. The Letter 31issive 
which invited them to meet has been preserved. In it, the 
church of Taunton make use of the following language : 

' ' Deaidy beloved ; several disagreeable things in Divine 
Providence have taken place in this town, which to the inex- 
pressible grief of us, your brethren, threaten to deprive us of 
our worthy Pastor. In our distressed state, we have agreed to 
apply to the churches, to hear our case, and give us advice." 

A communication their Pastor had addressed to the church 
was read before the Council. It was as follows : 

" Dear brethren : when preaching on probation among you, 
I was highly pleased to find, that the church was disposed to 
examine me, before they gave me a call to settle, relative to my 


ideas of tlie doctrines of grace, and experimental religion. By 
the questions that were asked, the mutual conversations that we 
had, and by your Articles of Faith,* I found that we were 
agreed in sentiment, relative to the interesting doctrines of sal- 
vation, and the rule of building the spiritual House of God. 
You have always appeared, since my connection with you, to 
adhere to the doctrines of Grrace. You have appeared unani. 
mous in your friendsliip to me. We have always been united 
in instances of discipline, some of which have been important 
and deeply interesting. We have harmoniously concurred in 
the admission of forty-five persons to church fellowship. You 
have walked in a measure, so far as I know, agreeable to the 
rules of the Gospel. I have met you at the Sacrament with 
pleasure. I have always felt myself happy in my Pastoral re- 
lation to you. No event in the course of my life has been more 
affecting, than the difficulties of the town, that have greatly in- 
terrupted our jjeace, and which, it seems, may be the occasion 
of dissolving our connection. The difficulties appear to have 
arisen partly from a heavy tax occasioned by the Episcopalians' 
drawing a large sum from our congregation ; partly from local 
inconveniency to attend at the old meeting house ; partly from 
an opinion, that I had not a legal right to my salary, because 
the town inadvertently took an illegal step in voting my sup- 
port, when I was called to settle, and partly from a dislike, that 
a few influential characters have to the doctrines that are ])reaeh- 
ed. These difficulties have excited you to call a Council for 
advice. In this prudent step, I heartily accjuiesce, hoping it 
may give us light. It affords me great consolation that you are 
harmoniously united with one another, and friendly to me. And 
above all, that you regard the great doctrines of Grace, respecfr 
ing man's salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ. May the Fath- 
er of Mercies open your hearts more and more to receive them, 
is the prayer of your affectionate Pastor, 

Epiiraim Judsox." 
The Council voted to dismiss Mr. Judson, commending him, 
* Appended tc this note. 


in tlieir Result, to the Churches. They speak approvingly botli 
of him, and of his doctrinal views — of his ministerial life and 
teachings. They lament the necessity imposed upon tlicm, by 
"the opposition of a few in the Society to some of the distin- 
giiishing doctrines of the Gospel, contained in the Westminster 
Confession of Faith." They represent the Church as treating 
' ' their Rev. Pastor with the sincerest cordiality, with respect 
Loth to his person and ministry," as ready "to contribute to 
his support according to their abilities." 

On the second and last day of the meeting of the Council, 
.that is, the 29th of December, 1790, Mr. Judson and the 
Church accepted the Result of Council, recommending in view 
of circumstances, beyond their control, and with no promise of 
improvement, a dissolution of the Pastoral relation. 

Accordingly Mr. Judson asked a dismission from his Pasto- 
ral charge, which the Church reluctantly granted, accompany- 
ing their vote, according to the Records,* with the followmg 
Recommendation,! adopted Jan. 2, 1791 : 

" ^Yhereas a Council of Ministers and delegates convened at 
Taunton on the 28th and 29th days of Dec'br, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand, seven hundred and ninety, on the re- 
cjuest of the Church of Christ in Taunton, for consideration and 
advice under the present situation said Church and Congrega- 
tional Society labor respecting the Rev. Ephraim Judson con- 
tinuing as their Pastor for some longer term of time, in that 
relation to them ; said Council after deliberation on a subject of 
great consequence and interesting to the j^arties concerned, 
unanimously gave in their result and advice, that the connection 
between us and our Rev'd Pastor be dissolved. In conse- 
quence thereof, and by his desire, said Church with painful sen- 

* The Records of the Church to the time of Mr. Judson are lost, but 
fortunately there is a full account of the proceedings of the Church 
during the ministrj' of ]\Ii'. Judson, as also a true cop}^ of the " xVrticles 
of Faith," which, being the "ancient ones," arc particularly valuahle. 

t This Recommendation is given without amendment. It expresses 
in no professional, studied manner the sentiments of tliose who adopted 
it. Its very awkwardness of style is perhaps a proof of its genuineness. 


sations of mind Voted his dismission, "when no accusation wa3 
exhibited against him — the said Mr. Judson. We, the Church, 
recommend him to other churches, and all persons, whom it may 
concern, as one of an exemplary moral character, and the doc- 
trines held up to view by him from time to time during his min- 
istry among us, well agreed with the religion of our forefathers, 
and the sentiments revealed in the Holy Scriptures, especially 
such as respected faith and practice were his delightful themes 
on Sabbath days. Wishing him that peace of Grod, that passeth 
all understanding, to lead and direct him through this wicked 
world to the Kingdom of Heaven." 

The "Articles of Faith" to which Mr. Judson refers in his 
communication to the Church are to be found on the 22d page 
of what is now the earliest Book of Records of the Church, of 
which he was Pastor. What adds to the interest of these 
"Articles," is the fact stated in a note, that they are "the an- 
tient ones " of the Church. It is in keeping with the object of 
this work, which professes to treat of "ancient" things, to 
transfer these "ancient Articles of Faith," with the accompany- 
ing "Covenant" to its pages. 



Original Church of Christ in Taunton. 

1. You believe that there is but one only living and True 
Grod, maker of Heaven and Earth, and Governor of all things; 
and that this only True God is the God we worship ; that this 
God is but one, yet Three distinct Persons, Father, Son and 
Holy Ghost, each equally God. 

2. You believe God created man after His own image in 
knowledge, righteousness and true holiness; that by one man 
sin entered into the World, and death by sin, and so death 
passed upon all men, for that all have sinned ; and that thereby, 
they are all dead in trespasses and sins; and are by nature 
children of wrath, and liable to Eternal Death, the Wages of 


3. You believe there is but one 3Iediator between God and 
Man, the man Christ Jesus, Who is over all, Blessed for ever ; 
that there is salvation in no other. You believe, He was con- 
ceived by the Holy Ghost, and born of the Virgin JMary, and 
died on the cross to save His people from their sins, rose from 
the dead the third day, ascended into Heaven and sitteth at the 
right hand of the Father, making continual intercession for us, 
of whose fullness we receive grace that is necessary to salvation. 

4. You believe that Christ and His benefits are applied only 
by faith, and that faith is the gift of God, that we have it not 
of ourselves, but is wrought in us by the Word and Spirit of 
God ; that faith is that grace, whereby we believe and trust in 
Christ, for the remission of sin and life everlasting, according 
to the promises of the Gospel ; that whoever believeth not the 
Son of God shall not see life, but shall perish eternally; that 
those, who truly repent of their sins, do see them and turn from 
them unto the Lord, shall be saved, and that except men be- 
lieve, they shall truly perish. You also believe, that a holy, 
godly life is conscientiously ordered according to the Word of 
God in holiness and righteousness, without which no man shall 
see the Lord. That the sacraments are seals of the covenant 
of Grace ; that the sacraments of the New Testament are Bap- 
tism, and the Lord's Supper; that the outward elements in the 
Lord's Supper are Bread and Wine, and do signify the worthy 
receivers by faith Christ has ordained for a remembrance of His 
death; that whoever eatetli and drinketh unworthily is guilty of 
the body and blood of our Lord; and therefore every one 
should examine himself lest he eat and drink judgment to him- 
self, not discerning the Lord's body. 

5. You believe the souls of believers go immediately to bless- 
edness when they die, and the souls of unbelievers immediately 
to Hell torments. 

6. You believe there will be a General Judgment, at which 
time the bodies of the Just and the Unjust, will be raised and 
appear at Christ's bar, to receive according to what they have 
done, in this life, whether it be good, or whether it be evil, and 


that tlie wicked will go into everlasting punishment, and the 
righteous into life eternal. Amen. 

Church Covenant. 

In the pi-esence of God, angels and this assembly, you seri- 
ously and solemnly, according to the terms of the everlasting 
covenant, take the True Grod, the Lord Jehovah to be your 
God. Kenouncing all other gods, you take the Lord Jesus to 
be your lledeemer. Prophet, Priest and King. You solemnly 
promise, (Grace assisting) to walk sincerely and uprightly be- 
fore God all your days, in obedience to all His holy command- 
ments, as they are or shall be made known to you, from tune to 
time. You give up yourself to this Church in the Lord, prom- 
ising and covenanting to cleave to us, and walk together with 
us as a member of the same mystical body, and as an instituted 
Church of Christ, while you continue a member of it in holy 
love, subjection, and watchfulness, determining to assemble with 
us for the Worship of God, ministering to our need as God 
shall enable you. You submit to the discipline of Christ in 
this Church. You promise to walk orderly in a way of fellow- 
ship with all the Churches of Christ among us, agreeable to 
those rules of holy order which He has appointed, that the 
Lord may be one and His name one in all the Churches through 
all generations, to His Eternal Glory in Christ Jesus. Thus 
you promise. 

These articles and covenant are the anfcicnt ones of this 




We can no longer speak of a single church, or of a sin- 
gle minister in the town of Taunton. Messrs. Hooke, 
Street, Shove, Danforth, and Clap preached to a congre- 
gation gathered from the whole town, and were the sole 
Pastors of the place. It was not so with their successors. 

The 3Ieeting of Friends. 

Mr. Danforth in his letter to Cotton Mather, and the 
other ministers of Boston in 1720,* gives intimation of a 
meeting distinct from his own "in a corner" of his parish, 
attended however onlj bj "three or four." This was a 
meeting of such as had, embraced, what he calls "Quaker 
notions," and there is now in the Xorth-West part of the 
town a Quaker meeting-house, unoccupied, which must 
have been built sometime in the last century. There is a 
place of worship belonging to the Society of Friends in 
Freetown, near the Berkley hue, and yet another in "Mans- 
field, which are located in what was once a part of Mr. 
Danforth' s parish. 

The Sandemanian 3Ieeting. 

We have already noticedf the origin of the Sandema- 

* Vide page 264, vol. 1. t Vide page 241, vol. 1. 



nian meeting in 1785, under the auspices of one Mr. 
Brewer, from Connecticut. According to a statistical pa- 
per noticed in the previous volume, (page 345,) the Polls 
for 1788 in the whole town were six hundred and sixty- 
seven, of which twenty-seven were Sandemanians, six were 
Friends, fifty-seven were Baptists connected with Mr. 
Nelson's church in North Taunton, twenty-two wero Bap- 
tists connected with Mr. Goflf and others in South Taun- 
ton, ninety were Episcopalians, two were Murrenites, and 
the remainder, (two hundred and sixty-three,) were Con- 
gregationalists. Whilst the Society of Friends have sus- 
pended their meeting, and the church of Mr. Nelson re- 
moved to Norton, there are also very few of the Sandema- 
nians remaining in to-^ni. 

The Protestant Episcopal Church. 

The origin of this church in the last century was 
noticed in a preceding chapter.* Its " first resident 
minister," (if I may once more refer to Bev. N. T. Bent's 
Discourse, historical of St. Thomas' Church,) " appears to 
have been the Rev. John Lyon, who holds this claim upon 
our gratitude, that he left a fair ahd apparently a complete 
record of his official acts. Mr. Lyon's first baptism was 
on February 6th, 1765, from about which time, perhaps a 
few months earlier, his ministry here commenced. In 
April of that year, we find the parish agreeing with Mr. 
Lyon as their minister, for a salary of twenty pounds an- 
nually, as long as he should continue with them ; this prob- 
ably in addition to the use of the Glebe, and a stipend 
from the society in England. And what may be mention- 
ed to their praise, we find the statement of the "Wardens, 

* Vide page 342, vol. 1. 


that in March, 1766, before the expiration of his first 
year, they had settled with Mr. Lyon, and paid him his 
salary "to his good acceptance " — -an example of prompt- 
ness, we venture to say, which few parishes in New-Eng- 
land have more miiformly imitated than this. 

The number of communicants in the church in 1764 was 
Twelve. Ttventy more were added in 1765. Tliis made 
the number Tliirty-two . In the same year there were 
Twenty-seven baptisms of children and adults. Tradition 
speaks of Mr. Lyon as a most estimable man, and exem- 
plary minister of Christ. He seems to have been watch- 
ful over the lambs of his flock. The number of children 
under catechetical instruction in 1765 was sixteen. Con- 
firmation in the absence of a Bishop, could not be admin- 
istered. It appears also that Mr. Lyon was not regard- 
less of the interests of the community in the matter of so- 
briety and good morals. We sometimes accuse the minis- 
try of that period with indifierence to existmg vices. Mr. 
Lyon, it appears from the record, distributed at one time, 
twenty copies of a book or tract, entitled, " Admonition to 
the drinkers of spirituous liquors." One evidence, at 
least, of a minister's laboring to make men temperate, and 
that too in his own appointed sphere, eighty years ago. 
Who shall say, that such labors were in vain, however 
much they left to be done by those who should come after ?" 

" The loss of records," continues Mr. Bent, " forbids 
me to say, how long Mr. Lyon's ministry continued. He 
left some time before the Revolution, it is behaved, and 
went to Virginia, where he died. 

During the Revolution, most of the Episcopal churches, 
in this section of the country especially, were closed ; a 
measure which the evils, and particularly the pohtical de- 


rangeuients of the times made necessary. The Church in 
Taunton probably shared the common fate. Its fortunes 
during that dark period are uuknovrn. Nor are we able to 
fix the date of its next minister's connection with it — the 
Rev. Wm. IF. Wheeler. It Avas probably in 1785, or 
1786. His first recorded baptism was m November, 1786. 
I regret that I can say so little of his ministry. The leaves 
which bore its records are gone to the flames or the winds. 
As in the case of Mr. Lyon, sacrilegious hands have left 
us the beginning, as if to excite our curiosity, and taken 
away the continuance, as if to disappoint it. And those, 
whose memories might have been to us, a more interesting 
book than the parish register, are slumbering with the 
dead. Tradition speaks of Mr. Wheeler's ministry as suc- 
cessful for the times. In connection with his parish, he 
also ministered to the people in Middleboro', Bridgewater, 
and Scituate, giving one-fourth of his time to each of these 
places. He resided for many years upon the Glebe* of 
the parish here. His congregation, according to the mem- 
ory of one, who often attended during the latter part of 
his ministry here, was vai'iable, from thirty to one hundred 
persons. He is reported to have been an estimable man 
and an intelligent divine. Sut his usefulness was much 
hindered in the latter portion of his ministi-y by political 
causes. He was here during the period of the French 
Revolution. His political opinions were very decided. 
They were the occasion of his leaving the parish, a major- 
ity being opposed to him on that ground, and on that 
ground alone. His connection Avith the parish ceased in 
April, 1793. He removed hence to Scituate, where he 

* It has already been stated, that this Glebe is in the west part of the 
town^ nearly opposite the bii-th-place of Judge Wilde. 


labored acceptably for some years, where he died Jan. 14, 
1810, and was buried." 

This parish had no settled minister from 1798 to 1829. 
The old meeting-house on the Glebe was for many years 
" the sport of the elements, and the shelter of the birds." 
" The sparrow " there "found a house, and the swallow a 
nest for herself, even thine altars, Lord." At length, 
in 1815, the memorable September gale made a complete 
wreck of what was never after rebuilt. " The frail foun- 
dation Avails, and moss-covered tomb-stones of those who 
once worshipped beneath its unceiled roof alone remain. 

Several efforts were made to revive the parish of St. 
Thomas, before the successful one." The present Church 
of the society, which with its organ, furniture and enlarge- 
ment in 1840-41, has cost not far from $12,000, was 
consecrated by Bishop Griswold, in June, 1829. 

Kev. John West, a native of Boston, and graduate at 
Harvard University in 1813, officiated as Rector of the 
church from the re\ival of its services until 1833. 

Rev. Henry Blackaller, a native of England, was in- 
stituted Rector, May 5th, 1833, and resigned in 1835. 

Rev. Samuel Hassard, a native of Jamaica, West 
Indies, graduated at Yale College in 1826, was instituted 
Rector Nov. 5th, 1835,, resigned Oct. 31, 1838, removed 
to Great Barrington, Mass., and there died. 

Rev. Edmund Neville, a native of England, and a 
student of Rev. Thomas Scott, was instituted Rector, July 
24, 1839, resigned June, 1841, and removed to Philadel- 
phia, where he still remains, one of the most popular and 
influential preachers of that city. 

Rev. N. T. Bent, a native of Milton, Mass., graduated 


at Harvard Universitj, in 1831, -was instituted Rector 
Feb. 1842, and resigned Oct. 1846. 

Rev. Theodore W. Sno'^y, a native of Boston, gradua- 
ted at Harvard Universitj in 1830, vfas instituted Rector, 
April 5th, 1847, and still continues in that office. 

The fear expressed hj the original church of Taunton 
in their communication to the town,* lest the dismission of 
Mr. Judson might lead to a division of the society was 
not without reason. Such a division actually took 
place ; and refraining from all comments on the occasion 
for this division, and every incidental question connected 
therewith, I only propose, in accordance with the plan of 
this work, to make the briefest possible statement concern- 
ing the ministry of each section of the church and society, 
leaving the vexed question of church identity, and the de- 
tails of their respective histories, to those who may have 
time, taste, and materials for the undertaking. 

The Congregational ChurcJi. West Taunton. 

This was composed of the entire original Church, with 
the exception of three males and one female. These sep- 
arated! themselves from the Town Parish in 1792, organiz- 
ed a new society in the west part of the town, and soon 
after built a meeting-house, nearly a mile beyond the 
Episcopal glebe, in which they worshipped for thirty-two 
years. $ 

Rev. Mr. Judson the former pastor of the church, 

* Vide page 114. 

t The immediate cause of the sepai'ation was the attempt to settle 
Mr. John Foster, against whom several serious charges were brought by 
the church, all of whicli the future more than verified. 

I Their first meeting after the separation was in Dea. Isaac Tubbs' 
barn. The meeting-hoase afterwards built, was taken down in 1824, 
and a new one erected in another part of the parish, in the centre of a 
small manufacturing village, known as " Westville." 


preached for a short time ; and after him, a variety of 
ministers, some of whom are yet held in grateful remem- 
brance. Mr. Preston, Mr. Wines, Mr. Farrington, and 
Mr. Ogdon are more particularly mentioned as acceptable 
preachers and excellent men. Mr. Farrington received a 
call to settle, which he declined. Mr. Ogdon died at the 
house of Mr. Peter Walker, and was buried on the plain, 
near the Society's first House of Worship. The stone 
which marks the place of his burial bears the following in- 
scription : 

"In memory of Mr. Nath. Ogdon, a. b., of Fairfield, 
N. J., Preacher of the Gospel, who died July 11th, 1796, 
aged 28. He had preached only seven Lord Days, when 
our high expectations of his future usefulness Avere sud- 
denly blasted." 

Rev. Mr. Cobb, present Pastor of the church in West 
Taunton, to whom I am indebted for several of the above 
facts, says of Mr. Ogdon : " He was a very promising 
young man, sound in doctrine, clear in religious experi- 
ence, and forcible in argumentation." 

Rev. Samuel W. Colburn accepted an invitation to 
settle with this church in 1809, and was ordained August 
30th of that year. Rev. Otis Thompson of Rehoboth 
offered the Introductory Prayer. Rev. Benjamin Wood 
of Upton preached the sermon. Rev. Mr. Shepherd of 
R. I. offered the Ordaining Prayer. Rev. Frederick 
Crafts of Middleboro' gave the Charge. Rev. Thomas 
Andros of Berkley expressed the Fellowship of the 
churches. Rev. Mr. Holman of Attleboro' offered the 
Concluding Prayer. In the latter part of the year 1812, 
Mr. Colburn asked a dismission, which was granted. 

On the 19th of April, 1815, Rev. Alvan Cobb, present 


Pastor, was ordained, and installed as successor of Mr. 
Colburn, and is one of the oldest settled ministers in Mas- 
sachusetts. In a historical sermon of Mr. Cobb, in MS., 
to which I have had access, he makes the following inter- 
esting statements : " The first Sabbath School in Bristol 
County was organized in connection with this church in 
1816.* Several seasons of unusual religious interest have 
been enjoyed. The first in 1815, when seventeen were 
received to the church. In 1820, there was a still larger 
accession of thirty. In 1825, the new meeting-house of 
the Society was dedicated by a memorable season of the 
outpouring of the Holy Spirit, when the whole parish was 
reached, and nearly sixty hopefully converted and brought 
into the church. Rev. A. Nettleton was an honored in- 
strument of doing great good in that Revival. In 1830-31, 
a fourth precious Revival was enjoyed. During one 
week, nineteen expressed a hope in Christ, thirty-six pro- 
fessed religion. In 1838-39, there was a more limited 
season of refreshing. Twenty-six were added to the 
church. In 1840, there was a further addition of six." 
Some of Mr. Cobb's sermons have been published.* He 

* This was four years previous to the first Sabbath School organiza- 
tion at " the Green." In 1820, two ladies, (see pp. 246 and 248, vol. 1. 
Mrs. Sarah K. Tales and Miss Frances Sproat,J) opened a school, simi- 
lar in its character to the Sabbath School, on Saturday afternoon, in a 
private room, with eight scholars, the expenses being borne by the 
teachers. After being removed fi'om place to place, as the school in- 
creased in numbers, it at length so far gained the sympathy of others, 
that the Town Hall Avas offered, when one male, and two female teach- 
ers were added to their number, and the school reached the sum total of 
twenty-five. Thence it removed to the old Court House, and for the 
fii'sl time was regularly organized by the appointment of a Superintend- 
ent and other officers. From this small beginning thirty-two years ago, 
have sprung the numerous Sabbath Schools of the place, preceded, as 
we have seen, by a still earlier experiment in the west part of the town. 
My informant in this matter is George B. Atwood, Esq. 

t I have seen the following: "A sermon delivered at Plymouth before 
the Kobinson congregation on the 22d of Dec. 1831," called " a Pilgrim 


lias given instruction to several young men in their prep- 
aration for the Gospel ministry.* 

The Congregational Church. Taunton Green. 

Four members of the original Congregational Church of 
Taunton, viz: Dea. Robert Luscombe, Israel Deane, Wil- 
liam Austin and Lydia Harvey with four other new mem- 
bers, united with the first Parish in Taunton, m calling 
]\Ir. John Foster to settle with them in the work of the 
Gospel ministry.! Mr. Foster was accordingly installed 
over said church and society the 16th of May, 1792. Mr. 
Baylies informs us, that Mr. Foster was probably a native 
of Stafford, Ct., as his father was the minister of that 
town. The first settlement of the Taunton minister was 
in Paxton, Ms., where, we are informed, "his general de- 
portment was not considered sufficiently serious and guard- 
ed for his station." 

The remainder of our notice of this remarkable man is 
faithfully copied from an historical sketch, ascribed to 
Hon. Francis Baylies, and origineJly published in the 
"Taunton Tri-weekly Gazette " for 1833. 

Sermon;" "a sermon delivered at the ordination of Rev. Charles Sim- 
mons over the Hebron Church and Congregation in Attleboro' and 
Seekonk, Dec. 26, 1832," and "a sermon preached Sept. 22, 1833. occa- 
sioned by the death of Mrs. Hannah, wife of Benjamin Walker." He 
has also written one or more Tracts for the Docti'inal Tract Society, of 
which Society he has been for several years a I^irector. 

* The names of some of these are James Tisdale; Charles -J. Warren; 
Michael Bordett; Martyn Cushman: David Tilton: and Tliomas T. 
Richmond, Pastor of the church in Medfield, Ms. Mr. Richmond is 
one of several young men, who have entered the christian ministry from 
different Evangelical churches in Taunton. The names of others which 
now occur to me are. Rev. William J. Breed, recently of the High St. 
Church, Providence; Rev. Cyrus W. Allen, now settled in Coleraine, 
Ms. ; Rev. Robert Carver, present Pastor of Church in Raynham ; Rev. 
James AValker, settled in IBucksport, Me.; Rev. Frederick A. Reed, set- 
tled in Cohasset, Ms. ; Rev. James Tisdale, stated suppl}^ at Shutesbery, 
Ms.; and Rev. Eben Dawes, Jr., still resident in Taunton. 

t My autliority for this statement is Rev. Alvau Cobb, who has been 
a minister in Taunton since 1815. 


" Perhaps none of our ministers have been more admir- 
ed ; and yet he OTyed all his popularity as a preacher, to 
his voice and solemn manner, together with some original 
and peculiar qualities ; his education was slight and he 
had no literary taste. His voice was unequalled, not for 
melody or sweetness, but for its deep and solemn tones, 
which were at times almost terrific. He seemed like an 
ancient Prophet, announcing woes and miseries, and the 
destruction of cities. Even inanimate matter seemed 
moved, and the house itself would tremble under his tre- 
mendous volume of voice. His imagination was not fertile 
but capable of sublime conceptions. Persons yet remem- 
ber the deep sublimity of his prayer on the muster-field. 
Sitting on his horse, with open eyes, in the glare of the 
sunshine, he commenced : ' Storms, and tempests, earth- 
quakes, thunder and lightning, are Thy artillery, Thou 
great God of battles ! Angels and archangels form Thy 
phalan;?, Thou dread Lord of Hosts !" He went through 
his prayer without falling from this. exalted tone. Yet his 
solemnity was all feigned, and his general deportment was 
light and frivolous, with a strong disposition to banter, and 
to indulge in sarcasm. His eccentricities, his impruden- 
ces, and his extravagant language alienated many of his 
hearers. Some withdrew, and seventeen formal charges 
against hun were laid before the church by Dr. Foster 
Swift, who then resided here. The hearing was m public. 
Not satisfied with defending himself, "he carried the war 
into the enemy's quarter" — used weapons not common 
among gentlemen, and notwithstanding the grave formality 
of the charges, succeeded in burlesquemg all, and turned 
a torrent of ridicule on his accuser. 

His salary was small, and he complamed of it ; ' if the 


people of Taunton,' said lie ' do not raise my salary, I -will 
serve them a trick the Devil never did — I will leave 
them, and the Devil never did that.' 

In a period of high pohtical excitement, when he ad- 
dressed the Throne of Grace at the opening of the Su- 
preme Court in this town, in the presence of the Court, he 
shot off in a strain like this: 'As Thou, Lord, has't 
raised up the Jacobins, as Thou did'st Pharaoh and his 
impious host for Thy good purposes ; as Thou has't per- 
mitted this great moral evil to afflict us, as Thou dost 
storms and tempests, and earthquakes, the blight and the 
mildew, and other physical evils, we pray Thee, when Thy 
purposes are answered, to strike them from the catalogue 
of Thy Providence — to put hooks into their noses, and to 
lead them far away to destruction.' 

The disaffection to Mr. Foster at last became so gener- 
al, that his dismission became a matter of necessity, and 
he was accordingly dismissed in 1799. He removed from 
Taunton to Stonington in Connecticut, and was employed 
as a Preacher, and a teacher of youth. While there he 
embraced Universalism. He left Stonington, and went to 
New- York, where he kept school and preached occasion- 
ally. There he threw off his religious character altogeth- 
er, and became an open infidel, the fellow-laborer of Elihu 
Palmer, the atheist. Although he had not the deadly 
malignity of Palmer, yet in his warfare on the Christian 
Religion, he employed weapons full as efficacious as the 
false logic of the atheist. His hearers were a rabble of 
profligates, and he entertained them with burlesque disser- 
tations on the historical parts of the Scriptures, whose 
authenticity he wholly denied. Palmer, Tom Paine and 
Foster too;ether, were too much for the city of New- York 


to endure, and Foster was brought into court under an 
indictment for blasphemy. After that, he resided some 
years at Athens, on the North River, opposite Hudson, 
where he taught a school, and prepared young men for 
College. According to our latest information, he was liv- 
ing about a year since at Norwich, Ct., still engaged in 
school-keeping. Mr. Foster had several brothers in the 
ministry, who were all distinguished for popular talents, 
and great eccentricity. We have seen one printed ser- 
mon of his, but it was of little worth." 

Thus wrote Mr. Baylies in 1833. It is remarked by 
another: "He is supposed to have died in New-York at a 
very advanced age."* 

His successor in the Pastoral office was Eev. John Pi- 
PON. We have an interesting account of Mr. Pipon from 
the pen of Mr. Baylies, an intimate acquaintance, which 
is of course altogether reliable. 

"John Pipon, the successor of John Foster, was de- 
scended from a family which emigrated from the Island of 
Jersey, in the British Channel, and was a native of Bos- 
ton. f He learned the trade of a house-wright, at which 
he wrought for a short time, and afterwards prej)ared him- 
self for College, and was graduated at Cambridge in 1792. 
He was for a time butler of the University, then officiated 
as a reader at Christ Church, and resided for a time at 
Biddeford, in Maine. In 1798, he was at Cambridge, 
pursuing his studies in Theology, and preaching occasion- 
ally in different towns. He was a member of the Society 
of Phi Beta Kappa, once its Vice President, and once its 

* This statement is taken from a statistical notice of the '' Unitarian 
Church" prepared, (as the Compiler remarks,) for the " Taunton Direc- 
tory of 1850,'' by the Pastor of the Church. 

t According to Rev. Mr. Brigham, in the statistical notice, before re- 
ferred to, "born in 1762." 


annual orator. In 1799, he came to Taunton, where he 
received a call the same year, and was ordained in Janu- 
ary, 1800. President Kirkland, then a minister of Bos- 
ton, preached the ordination sermon.* The day on which 
he was ordained seemed ominous of the mildness of the 
career, on which he was entering, and an emblem of the 
benignity of his character, for although it was in January, 
it was the finest Avinter day, that w^as ever experienced in 

His attention to his parochial duties was incessant and 
unremitting. Although his visits to his parishioners were 
frequent, yet he never entered into their affairs with the 
officiousness of a meddler, but with the cordiality of a 
friend, and the interest of a father. He enjoyed the fes- 
tivities with all the glee and gladness of a child ; and in 
those dark spots, where sorrow wept and refused to be 
comforted, the consolations of this good man, administered 
wdth the tenderest sympathy, came like sunbeams through 
the gloom. Gruile and envy had no yjlace in his heart. The 
increasing thrift and comforts of his neighbors were to 
him a source of constant gratification. In this he was not 
disinterested, for the happiness of others increased his 
own. He would have banished want and woe and suffer- 
ing from the whole human race. 

When the orthodox minister of Sandwich, harassed with 
perplexing and acrimonious lawsuits, was m attendance on 
the courts sitting here, our 'good Samaritan' like him of 

* I have a copy of this sermon in my possession. It was preached 
"the I5th of Jan. 1800, by John Thornton Kirkland, minister of the 
New South Church, Boston." Text, 1 Cor. 16: 10., "Xow if Timothe- 
us come, see that he may be vrith you, without fear; for he worketh the 
work of the Lord." The Discourse is well written, and breathes a good 
spirit. To it are appended the Charge by the Rev. Mr. Clark of Lex- 
ington, and the Right Hand of Fellowship, by the Rev. Mr. Clark of 



old, did not 'pass bj on the other side/ but attended him 
with the deepest solicitude for his "welfare. His hospital- 
ity "was not ceremonious. He took his clerical brother to 
his home and to his heart. ' Brother Burr,' said he, ' is 
in affliction, and it is mj duty to comfort him.' 

When solicited for relief or charity, he never shared 
the contents of his purse -with the applicant, but if he had 
any thing, he gave the tvhole* 

After some severe taunts, and rebukes from the late 
Prof. Pearson, he expressed no resentment, but great 
commiseration, because the Professor was afflicted with a 
bad temper. 

On another occasion, a person repeated to him some se- 
vere remarks upon his ministerial character, by a young 
clergyman of the vicinity: ' oh,' said Mr. P. in his pecu- 
liarly mild tone, ' brother is only a colt yet.' 

His general benevolence lost none of its strength by 
diffusion. He loved the whole human race, but he could 
concentrate his affections on individuals. While he loved 
some well, he loved others better. The good he reverenc- 
ed, the bad he pitied. Like Henry Goldsmith, 

=* The generous impulse of Mr. Pipon is remembered with admira- 
tion, by all who knew him. On a recent visit to Easton, the excellent 
lady of Rev. Mr. Sheldon related an incident in the life of the Taunton 
minister which much interested me. He was there on some religious 
occasion, when a very destitute child called at the door for charity. 
Tew visitors, in a strange place, would have been attracted by such a 
case. But Mr. Pipon had learned of the "man of Uz," and the cause 
which he knew not, he "searched out." He called the boy in. inquired 
into his condition, formed the plan at once of taking him upon his horse, 
on his return to Taunton, and securing for him a home amongst some 
of his friends. He was however dissuaded from carrying out his plan ; 
and Mrs. S. said, she had often thought, what a singular figure Mr. Pi- 
pon Avould have made, riding into to\^Ti, with that ragged boy at his 
back. I could wish that tlie humane purpose of the noble hearted Pi- 
pon had prevailed ; and who can tell what a bright future might have 
opened up before the lad, who, like many others, was perhaps left to 
himself — to lie down in rags and min. 


' He quite forgot their vices in their woes, 

• Careless their merits or their faults to scan, 

' His pity gave, ere charity began. 

' Thiis to relieve tlie wretched was his pride, 

'And e'en his feelings lean'd to virtue's side; 

'But in his duty prompt at every call, 

' He watch'd, and wept, he pray'd and felt for all.' 

No monk Avas ever more devoted to the interest of his 
order, than he was to the interests of Harvard College. 
He delighted to call up all the remmiscences connected 
with its history — to look into the duskj recesses of the 
past — to rejoice in the present, and to exult in the pros- 
pects of the future. To him, Cambridge was Rome, and 
President Kirkland the Pope, and he almost believed in 
his infallibility. He reverenced the ancient fathers of the 
New-England Churches, the Wilsons, the Cottons, the 
Mathers, the Chaunceys, and the Mayhews of former days. 

Within his own sphere of influence, he endeavored with 
all his soul, and with all his strength, to promote the inter- 
ests of education, to improve the course of discipline and 
instruction in the schools, and to elevate the character of 
our Academy. 

In genuine simplicity of character, he was unrivalled ; 
even the imaginary Vicar of Wakefield was no peer to the 
Taunton minister. It was estimated that he had lost more 
than one thousand dollars in the exchange of ordinary 
horses. His credulity Avas incurable, and his good nature, 
though often imposed upon, was rarely overcome. Some- 
times, however, he found vexation in his path, and his 
equanimity was not proof against the teasing irritations of 
petty troubles. On one occasion, trying to his patience, 

he ' wished that Gen. was present to swear for him,' 

but correcting himself instantly, ' I don't mean profanely,' 
said he. 


When in a hurrj to be shaved, that he might seasonably 
attend an ordination, and vexed bj the interminable stories 
of Tim. Ingraham, the barber ; ' Timothy,' said the Par- 
son, ' why don't you get a parrot, and hang him up in your 
shop ; the parrot could talk to your customers, whilst you 
shaved them.' 

His social qualities were of a high order, and his social 
affections highly cultivated. He delighted to witness the 
liveliness and cheerfulness of his friends. He delighted 
to sit at the festive board. He delighted in Commence- 
ment, Phi Beta Kappa, Ordination, Association, Court, 
Academy, and Fourth of July dinners, for then it was 
that a part at least of the human race were enjoying the 
bounties of God's Providence with lively hearts. In these 
genial moments, he was exceedingly interesting, and his 
conversation was enlivened with humorous and original 
remarks. The late lamented Buckminster, and President 
Kirkland desired no better companion than the country 
minister. AH men of wit and humor loved his society. 
The late Mr. Sproat, Mr. Tillinghast, and Mr. Holmes of 
Rochester, found him no ordinary competitor in the war- 
fare of wit. His humor, though quaint, was neither 
coarse, nor offensive. He had a strong sense of the ridic- 
ulous, and a strong relish for every species of originality. 

Speaking of some bombastic Fourth of July oration, 
he said, ' he should be afraid to cross a ferry within hear- 
ing distance of the speaker, lest his hard words should 
knock him overboard.' 

He hinted pleasantly to Mr. B , that he did not at- 
tend public worship so often as he ought. ' Why,' said 
Mr. B., 'I take cold in the meeting-house, and you know 
that a cold is a severe thing with me.' 'Yes,' said he, 


' I know that it is uncomfortable to sit in a meeting-house, 
without a stove, in cold weather, but in summer you surely 
might do it without exposure.' ' But,' said Mr. B., ' what 
you get out of me, Parson, is clear gain ; I am not of your 
sect.' ' Indeed,' said the Parson, ' and pray, of what sect 
are you ?' ' By hereditary descent,' said Mr. B., ' I am 
an Episcopalian.' ' Now, Francis,' said the Parson, ' you 
always wear a fashionable coat, why will you throAY it off, 
and put on one that is out of fashion ?' 

A short time previous to delivering his oration before 
the Phi Beta Kappa, passing Julien's in Boston, he looked 
at the sign, ' Bestorator.' 'Good!' said he — 'Rest 
Orator. I'll go in.' 

Some one advised him to marry. ' No,' says he, ' my 
salary can't carry double.' 

His sermons were sound, and never doctrinal. The 
topics of dispute which divided the religious community 
were carefully avoided, and no offence given to tender 
consciences. His delivery and voice were bad. There 
was no exciting power in his elocution, and he was seldom 
animated. His simplicity sometimes bordered on the lu- 
dicrous. Once, after a long series of excellent and pious 
remarks, he closed by observing i 'All these truths you 
Avill find in your Bibles. When you go home, look. Now, 

In prayer he was affecting and pathetic. He poured 
forth the ardent emotions — the deep devotion of his soul, 
in language which sometimes approached the Oriental sim- 
plicity of the Scriptures. The passages which he quoted 
from the Holy Writings were strikingly appropriate. His 
words came forth with a glow, a fervor and a freshness, 
which indicated a disposition to love the human race, and 


to reverence the Great Being wliom lie addressed. He 
entreated Him as a father to pardon and to spare his err- 
ing children. Strangers delighted with the eloquence of 
his prayers, were generallj disappointed. Plis sermons 
did not answer the expectations, which his prayers had 
raised, as they were generally dull and uninteresting. 

His useful and quiet life was quietly terminated. After 
preaching on the Sabbath he retired to his bed in the eve- 
ning, apparently in good health. About midnight, he 
died, after a labor in the ministry of twenty-one years. 
He was subject to the Angina Pectoris, and it is supposed, 
that a sudden attack of that disease took him from a world 
which he loved, to one which he loved better. 

Plis death occurred in the month of January, 1821. 
His remains repose among his people.* His age, at the 
time of his death, was upwards of sixty. He was never 
married. f Nothing of his has issued from the press 
(which we have seen) excepting a Charge delivered at an 
ordination in New-Bedford." 

Mr. Pipon was succeeded by Rev. Luther Hamilton. 

"He was born in Conway, in 1798, was graduated at 
Williams College in 1817, was ordained in Taunton in 
1821, and resigned in 1832." The above facts were 
communicated through the " Taunton Directory of 1850," 

* Mr. Pipon was interred in the tomb of John West, Esq., at the 
" Plain," from which he has never been removed. Would it not be well, 
if the many, who remember him should honor his memory by the trans- 
fer of his remains to "Mount Pleasant Cemetery," and the erection of 
a suitable monument? 

t Although unmarried, Mr. Pipon purchased the house and adjoin- 
ing gi-ounds owned and occupied by his predecessor, John Foster. They 
are pleasantly situated on High Street, bordering also on Mill river, and 
a narrow street leading from High Street to Weir Street. The proper- 
ty has passed successively into the hands, first of Dea. William Eeed, 
of Taunton, next of Theophilus Parsons, Esq., of Boston, and lastly of 
William Baylies, Esq., of Bridgewater. The "old Parsonage" has 
given place to a beautiful structure occupied by A. E. Swasey, Esq. 


bj Rev. Mr. Brigham, a "successor in the ministrj. Mr. 
Hamilton has been variously employed, since his dismis- 
sion. He has more recently held a place in the Custom 
House, Boston, in the vicinity of which city he resides. 
Mr. Baylies states that "Luther is a son of Dr. Hamilton, 
formerly of Greenfield, and that he married a daughter of 
Dr. Williams of Deerfield. His printed, productions are : 
an Address delivered before King David's Lodge, in 
Taunton, June, 1825. " Reasons for the Unitarian Be- 
lief," a series of Lectures published in 1830. " A ser- 
mon preached at the Dedication of the Church* of the 
First Congregational Society, in Taunton, November, 

Rev. Andrew Bigeloav, d. d., succeeded Mr. Hamil- 
ton in the Pastoral charge of this society. He was born 
in G-roton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in 1795. 
"His father, the Hon. Timothy Bigelow, an eminent lawr- 
yer and statesman, was the son of Col. Timothy Bigelow, 
of the Revolutionary army, who went with Arnold, to Que- 
bec, and afterwards commanded the 16th Regiment. His 
mother was a daughter of the Hon. Oliver Prescott, the 
brother of Col. William Prescott, the hero of Bunker Hill 
— an eminent Physician, a distmguished patriot of the 
Revolution, a Brigadier General in active command at its 
commencement, and a member of the Executive Revolu- 
tionary Council of the Commonwealth."! 

Mr. Bigelow graduated at Cambridge in 1811, and was 
once settled at Medford, as the successor of Rev. Dr. 
Osgood. He was installed in Taunton, April, 1838, re- 
signed his charge in 1842, and for the most part, since 

* The elegant Stone Church, Avhich the .Society now occupy near the 
Town Hall. 
t r. Baylies, in the Tri- Weekly Gazette of 1833. 


that time, has officiated as minister at large in Boston. 
Mr. Bigelow is brother-in-law of Hon. Abbott Lawrence, 
distinguished as a leadins; manufacturer and merchant of 
that city, and more recently, as Minister of this country 
to England. 

Mr. Bigelow has travelled much, and in 1821, publish- 
ed " Leaves from a Journal in North-Britain and Ireland ;" 
in 1831, "Travels in Malta and Sicily, with Sketches of 
Gibraltar in 1827." Beside these volumes, he has com- 
mitted to the press, a " Sermon at the Dedication of the 
First Congregational Meeting-house in Eastport, Maine, 
in 1820;" a "farewell sermon" preached at the same 
place in 1821 ; a "memoir of Gov. Brooks," published in 
the Christian Examiner, in 1825 ; two sermons preached 
in Chelsea, in 1827; a sermon on the " Signs of the 
times," preached in Reading, in 1828 ; a sermon on " Pas- 
toral responsibility," preached in Washington, D. C, in 
1828 ; a sermon on " Paul at Athens," first printed in the 
"Liberal Preacher" in 1829; a "Communion Lecture" 
at Framingham, in 1830 ; a sermon on " Christian Liber- 
ty," at Derry, N. H., in 1832; a sermon preached in 
Norton, at the interment of Rev. Pitt Clarke, February 
15th, 1885. There may have been still other publications 
which have escaped our notice. 

Rev. Charles H. Brigham is the present Pastor of 
this society. He Avas born in Boston in 1820, was grad- 
uated at Harvard in 1839, and ordained in Taunton, 
March 27th, 1844. The number of famihes belonging to 
his society in 1850, was one hundred and eighty-two. 

The next religious organization in town, to be noticed, 
if we follow the order of time, is 


Tlie Six Princ'qjle Baptist Church. 

It was organized in Reliobotli, April 4, 1789. Its first 
Pastors were Bey. Aaron Wheeler, and Rev. Sylvester 
Round, who were ordained Elders, April 20, 1789. It 
was at this time denominated the " North Rehoboth 
Church." Elder Wheeler is pronounced bj Rev. Mr. 
Horton, who has furnished me vfith these facts, " a man of 
good parts, and a sound, able and pious minister." He 
died March 19, 1800, in the seventy-eighth year of his 
age. " Elder Round continued to preside over and feed 
the flock for many years. He was a very gifted, eloquent 
preacher, and faithfully labored with this church until his 
death, Oct. 26, 1824, in the sixty-fourth year of his age. 

This church were then destitute, of a Pastor, and only 
occasionally supplied from abroad. The result was, that 
the church became weak and scattered ; a Methodist church 
was gathered on the same ground, and some of the Bap- 
tist church united with them. The remainder, only about 
twelve or thirteen, commenced holding their meetings in a 
school-house in the Avest part of Taunton, and were sup- 
plied from abroad. This was the condition of things until 
1840, Avhen Josephus W. Horton, a young man from Re- 
hoboth, came among them and commenced preaching. 
The church called for his ordination ; and he was ordained 
the Thursday preceding the second Sabbath in October. 
This church has since built them a small Meeting-house, 
which is well filled on the Sabbath. Its present number 
of members is thirty-eight." 

Since the above narrative was prepared, Mr. Horton 
has relinquished his charge of the people, connected him- 
self with another denomination, and is at present laboring 


as a Calvinist Eaptist Preacher in another part of the 
State. His place is not yet supplied. 

The Taunton Crreen Baptist Church* QCalvinistic) 

was organizedf June 16, 1819. 

Rev. Silas Hall, its first Pastor, a native of Rajnham, 
graduated at Brown University, in 1809, was settled in 
November, 1826, and resigned March 6, 1830. 

Eev. B. C. Grafton, second Pastor, a native of Provi- 
dence, Pt. I., graduated at Waterville, was settled June 7, 
1831, and resigned May 26, 1834. 

Rev. W. G. Trask,! third Pastor, educated at Newton, 
was settled June, 1834, and died July, 1836. 

Rev. Henry Clark, fourth Pastor, graduated at Brown 
University, was settled December 29, 1836, and resigned 
June 16, 1839. 

Rev. J. F. Burbank, fifth Pastor, a native of Portland, 

=* I requested Eev. Mr. Pollard to furnish me with a more extended 
notice of this church, but he remarked that such was the condition of 
the early Records as to render it impracticable. This church was call- 
ed, at its organization, the second Baptist Church, with reference to an 
earlier one at the north part of the town. Its social meetings, prior to 
the settlement of a Pastor, were held in a Hall, on Main •Street, and 
were of a most interesting character. 

t The original members of the church were the following: William 
Stall, James Olney, Elias Parry, Thomas C. Brown, Abiathar Phillips, 
Abiathar Hall, Mary Johnson, Pliebe Godfrey, Rhoda Godfrey, Nancy 
Stall, Mary Stall, Content Smith, Betsey Olney, Susan Leonard, Han- 
nah Leonai'd, Margaret Leonard. 

X Mr. Trask's ministry was short. The consumption soon closed his 
labors, and terminated a life on earth which promised abundant useful- 
ness. It was the prediction of Doctor Sharp, to whose church Mr. T. 
belonged, and who preached his ordination sermon, that his people 
•would not have him long. In a little more than two years, the Doctor 
preached his j^ovithful brothers funeral sermon. He died, as Deacon 
Woodward, who knew and loved him well, expressed it. "in tlie triumphs 
of faith." He was an uncommonh' good man. All denominations of 
Christians respected and highly esteemed him. He was very dear to 
the people of his Pastoral charge. He was buried in Lincoln, in this 
State, where he died at the house of his fixther-in-law. 


Maine, graduated at Waterville in 1887, was settled Feb- 
ruary 8, 1811, and resigned November 13, 1841. 

Rev. J. F. Wilcox, sixth Pastor, a native of Westmins- 
ter Vt., in 1806, educated in Newton, was settled De- 
cember 12, 1842, and resigned November 25, 1848. 

Rev. Andrew Pollard, the present Pastor, was settled 
September 1, 1849. 

The Trinitarian Congregational Cliurcli 

was organized* August 17, 1821, consisting of twentj-nine 
members, of whom ten yet survive. The only surviving 
original male members are Philander W. Dean,| and Sam- 
uel Godfrey. 

Rev. Chester Isham, the first Pastor of the church, 
was born in West Hartford, Ct., in 1798, graduated at 

* Mr. Maltby, in a note to his " Quarter Century Sermon," ascribes 
this organization to the fact, that after Mr. Pipon's dismission. Rev. Lu- 
ther Hamilton was introduced to the Congregational Society as a can- 
didate, who avowed opinions objectionable to some of the church. The 
following were the members of the church at its organization: Dea. 
Jeremiah Sumner, Mary B. Bush, Lydia Carver, Olive Carver, Betsey 
Grossman, Prudence Grossman, Philander W. Dean, Rebecca Dean 
Hannah Dean, Ghaiiotte J. L. Godfrey, Samuel Godfrey, Susanna Hall, 
Mercy Holmes, Sarah P. Howland, Zipporah King, Eliza Leonard, 
Charlotte Morton, Otis Pierce, Dorcas Potter, Sarah H. Shepard. Mary 
Smith, Priscilla F. Smith, Relief H. Smith, Beulah Stephens, Hannah 
Staples, Joanna Sumner, Mary Williams. Luci.da Williams, Susannah 
Williams. This church commenced public worship at the Town Hall ; 
removed thence to the Court House, where they remained till the spring 
of 1833, when their meeting-house, in the vicinity of " the Green," was 
dedicated. Doctor Burgess of Dedham, preaching the sermon. This 
original structure has just given place to a new and costly edifice of 
stone, the whole length of which, including the pulpit recess, is one 
himdred and twenty feet, and its width sixty-five feet. 

t I have been informed by G. B. Atwood, Esq., that the first Tem- 
pei-ancc Society in town was organized soon after the formation of this 
church. It was during a temporary supply of the pulpit by Rev. E. C. 
Bridgman, who has been for many years connected with the mission to 
China. Mr. Bridgman was the President of the Society. The organi- 
zation took place in the Sabbath School, and Mr. P. W.Dean, Sup'erin- 
tendeut of the school, was the first individual who signed the constitu- 
tion and took the pledge. (See page 394, vol. 1.) 


Yale College in 1820, was settled in Taunton, February 
18, 1824, and died the daj after his return from a winter 
residence in a southern chmate for the recovery of his 
health, April 20, 1825, aged twenty-seven. Rarely has 
a minister excited higher hopes of usefulness and eminence 
than did Mr. Isham.* He was a class-mate, room-mate 
and intimate friend of Rev. Leonard Bacon, of New-Ha- 
ven, in their preparatory course at New-Haven and Ando- 
ver; and from the pen of this endeared and afflicted 
associate in study, proceeded soon after a faithful notice, 
which was published in the " Christian Spectator," follow- 
ed by a sermon from the lamented subject of the sketch, 
founded on the text in Prov. 11: 7, "When a wicked 
man dieth, his expectations shall perish." 

It was the strong desire of Mr. Isham, when sick on 
ship-board, that he might live to reach Taunton, and be 
"buried," as he expressed it, "in the midst of his dear 
people," This latter wish of the dying Pastor was grati- 
fied. Whoever visits the field of the dead on the " Plam," 
may there read the following Inscription : 

* A case analagous to that of Mr. Isham has more recently occurred, 
when tlie youthful Homer fell a victim to jjastoral care and labor on the 
very threshold of his ministerial life. Prof. B. B. Edwards who 
preached on the occasion of Homer's burial once remarked to me that 
lie never saw such an alflicted assembly as was gathered at South Ber- 
wick that day. When the news reached Taunton that the beloved Ish- 
am had expired at the house of Doctor Wisner, where he had been 
clicrished with the tenderest care, the few hours he was permitted to 
live, after coming on shore, the children of the town, as they heard the 
sound of the tolling bell, understood its meaning, and Avejit with no 
common grief for the loss of a man they loved. I have heard one, who 
was then a mere cliild say, that she was standing alone in a retired part 
of her father's garden at the time, and the impression the first stroke of 
that bell made upon her mind was never lost. It appeared to her young 
heart, as if the grave was about to close over every friend, and bury all 
her hopes. 


"The Reverend 

Chester Isham, 

bom at Hartford, Conn., March 29, 1798, 

Avas ordained first Pastor of the Trinitarian Cong. Society 

in this place, Feb. 18, 1824. 
In the October following, his declining health compelled 
him to embark for Cuba, whence he returned to Boston, 
just in time to meet his wife and babe, 
and to fall asleep, April 20, 1825. 
Devout men carried him to his burial, and made 
great lamentation over him. 
For in his death, bright hopes, (alas! how many!} 
were extinguished. 
He was laid in this place, that he might 
rest, with the people of his love around him. 
Those who knew him, need no memorial of his worth, 
But, for those who knew him not, 
this stone has been erected 
by the females of his flock." 
Rev. Erastus Maltby, successor of Mr. Isham, and 
second Pastor of the church, was born in Northford, Ct., 
graduated at Yale College, in 1821, pursued his Theologi- 
cal course at Andover, was settled January 18, 1826, and 
still dwells among " his own people." He last year 
preached his " Quarter Century Sermon," Avhich, by re- 
quest of the church, was published. He also preached a 
sermon before the " Pastoral Association " a few years 
since, which was printed. From the first named sermon 
we derive the following facts : " In 1826, between seventy 
and eighty persons united with the church by profession. 
In 1828-29, were indications of spiritual blessings. Twen- 
ty made a profession of religion. In 1831, there were 


between sixty and seventy additions. In 1834, fifty-seven. 
In 1836, thirty-seven. In 1889, seventeen. In 1842, 
twenty-seven. In 1843, nineteen. In 1845, twenty-two. 
In 1848, fourteen, and in 1850, sixty-nine. During the 
" quarter of a century " reviewed, there had been five 
hundred and seventy-four additions ; three hundred and 
ninety-five, by profession ; one hundred and seventy-nine 
by recommendation. Of these, two hundred and ninety- 
one had been removed by death and other causes." 

The Free- Will Baptist Church. North Taunton. 

This church was organized, (according to a statement 
of Rev. Mr. Batcheler, its present minister,) June 13, 
1822. The Calvinistic portion of the church which was 
organized fifty years before, removed to Norton. 

"It consisted at its organization of ten members. Mr. 
Henry Harvey was at that time chosen Deacon, and Elder 
Reuben Allen their first Pastor. 

Elder J. S. Morey was ordained Pastor Aug. 23, 1832. 

April 7, 1838, Elder Folsome received and accepted a 
call to become Pastor of the church. 

Elder Eolsome discontinued his labors in 1840, and the 
pulpit was supplied for about sLx months, by Elder Fletch- 
er, a Methodist. 

In the early part of 1841, Elder Thomas C. Brown was 
chosen Pastor of the church, and continued his work with 
them until April, 1845. 

Various ministers supplied the pulpit the remainder of 
the year, when the present Pastor, Elder T. H. Batcheler, 
took charge of the church. The church has passed through 
seasons of prosperity and of adversity since its organiza- 
tion, and now numbers about eighty members." 


The Universalist Church. 

A HISTORICAL sketch of this society was appended to a 
Farewell sermon of Rev. Mr. Quinbj, preached to his 
people in 1851. He expresses the belief, that "the seeds 
of Universalism were sown in the minds of some few of 
the inhabitants of this town by the venerable Murray,* 
more than sixty years ago." He preached in Taunton 
several times. " In 1825-26, Rev. Mr. Carrique, who 
was then settled in Attleboro', came to Taimton and 
preached several times. The people were also visited by 
Rev. Mr. Pickering, Rev. Mr. Ballou, Rev. Mr. Whitte- 
more and others between 1826 and 1830, who preached 
in the old Town Hall, where they gathered quite a large 
congregation. As early as February 1825, the following 
persons obtained an Act for the Incorporation of a reli- 
gious society, viz : Alfred Baylies, Miles Stoddard, Wil- 
liam W. Grossman, Charles Foster, John Smith, Isaac 
Babbitt, Samuel Caswell, Jr., Leonard Crossman, William 
N. Spinney, James Thurber, John Baylies, Alexander 
Black, Caleb B. Porter, Walter H. Atwood, Daniel H. 
Traft, Abijah L. Eddy, Caleb Churchill, Joseph Hood, 
Wilham Presbrey, 3d., Luther Chase, Nathan King, Jr., 
Martin Churchill. The first settled mmister was Rev. 
John B. Bods, who remained with the society from 1831 
to 1835. He organized a church of thirty members in 
1832. After the dismission of Mr. Dods, there were no 
stated meetings of the society till 1839, when there was a 
reorganization, and Rev. WiUiam Fishbough, the second 
minister, settled the folloAving year, (1840,) who resigned 

* A writer in the American Whio:, a newspaper pubished in Taunton, 
under the signatui-e of* reviewing the Discourse of Mr. Quinby, thinks 
that Mr. John Foster also prepared the way for this form of religions 
belief, as he was doubtless a Universalist. 


in 1844. Rev. W. R. G. Mellen, the third Pastor, was 
called to the charge of the society m 1844, and asked for 
his dismission in 1845. Rev. George W. Quinby of 
Saco, Me., took charge of the society in October, 1846, 
and left for Cincinnati, Ohio, in November, 1851. Rev. 
J. S. Brown has recently been called to fill his place. 

The society first occupied the meeting-house vacated by 
the Congregational Society, (Unitarian,) in 1830 ; their 
present place of worship is at the corner of High Street 
and Spring Street. 

The Metliodist Episcopal Church. Weir Village. 

This church was organized at the Weir, in 1830. Its 
system of itinerancy has introduced a variety of ministers 
since that time. Their names have been as follows : Rev. 
Amos Binney, Rev. David Cvilver, Rev. Warren Emer- 
son, Rev. John D. Baldwin, Rev. Caleb D. Rogers, Rev. 
Samuel W. Coggshall, Rev. Charles S. Macreading, Rev. 
Rufus Spaulding, Rev. Mosely Dwight, Rev. E. B. Brad- 
ford, Rev. Lewis Bates, Rev. Wareham S. Campbell, Rev. 
James D. Butler, Rev. Daniel Fillmore, Rev. J. 0. Park- 
inson, Rev. William Livesey, Rev. Paul Townsend, and 
Rev. Samuel C. Brown. 

Their meeting-house on Weir Street, was enlarged a 
few years since, to accommodate the increasing congrega- 

TJie Protestant, or Reformed 3Iethodist Church. South 

This branch of the Methodist Church was organized in 
1830, consisting of fifteen members. Their meeting-house 
is several miles from " the Green," and was built m 1832. 


They have had a succession of ministers, whose names, in 
part, are as follows : Moses Swift, Ebenezer Spindle, Pliny 
Britt, Joseph Eldredge, Wheaton, John Eliot. 

The Roman CatlioliG Ohurcli. 

This Church was instituted in Taunton in 1831. The 
following persons have officiated as Priests : John Corry, 
of Ireland ; William WUey, of the United States ; John 
O'Bierne, of Ireland ; and Richard L. Wilson, a native of 
Ireland, in 1812, educated at Rome, and stationed in 
Taunton, July, 1846. Mr. Wilson left his station a year 
or two since. A large brick church has been recently 
built near the old one, on the road to Hopewell, which has 
not been accepted by the Society. The misunderstanding 
on that subject has created a temporary vacancy in the 
Priest's office, and disaffection toward the Bishop. 

The Spring Street Church, 

The origin of this church is -thus explained on the 22d 
page of the "Quarter Century Sermon" of Rev. Mr. 
Maltby, Pastor of the Trinitarian Congregational church : 
" The difficulty of meeting the demand for pews led to 
frequent discussions. After mature deliberation, it was 
concluded to organize another church, composed of mem- 
bers from this; and they to set up separate worship. 
Hence, say Church Records, page 113 : ' In consequence 
of the large number m this church and congregation, and 
the difficulty of supplying applicants with pews in the 
meeting-house, two meetings of the church have been re- 
cently held, to consider the propriety and duty of dividing 
the church, for the purpose of forming amicably and har- 
moniously, another Orthodox Congregational Church in 


this village, to occupy the Universalist meeting-house, 
•which is now in possession of members of this church.' 
The Records add : ' The almost unexampled harmony and 
brotherly love, which have existed from the organization 
of the church, and do still exist, were frequently spoken 
of in the discussions of the subject, as a matter of joy and 
thanksgiving.' At a subsequent meeting, it was voted to 
form another church. For which purpose, members were 
dismissed from this, and publicly organized in Spring 
Street meeting-house, January 12, 1837. The sermon 
on that occasion was i^reached by the Pastor of this 
church." The church consisted of forty-four members ; 
of these, forty-two were a colony from the Trinitarian 
Congregational Church at "the Green," and two were 
from the church in West Taunton. Their names were as 
follows : Otis Allen, Mrs. Lucy F. Allen, Dea. Roswell 
Ballard, Mrs. Hannah S. Ballard, George W. Braman, 
Mercy J. Briggs, Seth Burt, Mrs. Nancy Burt, Mrs. Ly- 
dia Carver, Lydia A. Carver, John Cooper, Philander W. 
Dean, Mrs. Harriet C. Dean, Benjamin F. Dean, WidoAv 
Caroline Farnum, Bethiah S. Hayward, Wealthy G. Hicks, 
Zephaniah L. Hodges, Mrs. Dolly Hodges, Sally H. New- 
ton, Lara M, Perkins, Mrs. Clarissa Perkins, Nathan 
Rand, Dea. William Reed, Mrs. Mary Reed, Hodges 
Reed, Mrs. Clarissa Reed, John Reed, Jr., Mrs. Rebecca 
Reed, Mary G. Reed, Julia Reed, Clarissa W. Reed, 
Mary A. Reed, Rebecca Reed, 2d., Amos Stearns, Mrs. 
Chloe C. Stearns, Susan T. Waldron, Albert G. Wash- 
burn, Mrs. Mary Washburn, Harrison G. 0. White, Mrs. 
Sybil White, Joseph Wilson, Mrs. Betsey B. Wilson, Mrs. 
Betsey H. Woodward. Roswell Ballard, and WiUiam 
Reed were chosen deacons. S. Hopkins Emery, its first 



Pastor, a native of Boxford, Massachusetts, in 1815, grad- 
uated at Amherst College in 1834, was settled at Taunton 
November 23, 1837, resigned December 23, 1840, and 
removed to Bedford, Massachusetts, January 1841. 

Rev. Lathrop Taylor, second Pastor, graduated at Mid- 
dlebury College in 1839, was settled in Taunton, May 16, 
1843, resigned July, 1845, and removed to Springfield, 
Vermont. He is now settled in Francestown, New-Hamp- 

The first Pastor of the church was recalled, and rein- 
stalled, January 6, 1847, and still sustams the Pastoral 
relation to it. 

Two hundred and twenty diflferent persons have been 
connected Avith the church ; and of these one hundred 
and fifty-two are present members. 

The society have from the first occupied the old meeting- 
house of the town, situated on Spring Street ; but are now 
erecting a new place of worship on Main Street, near 
Westminster, and will probably take a new name. 

The Wesleyan Ifethodist Church. 

This church was organized at " the Green," February 
23,1844. Its ministers have been as follows: Jotliam 
Horton, 0. D. Morse, John Broomley, William P. White, 
James E. Pomfret, and A. Latham. The meetings of this 
church were for a few years held in what was called 
" Wesleyan Hall," but are now discontinued, and the 
church is dissolved. 

The Methodist Episcopal Chia'ch. WMttenton Tallage. 

This is a branch of the church at the Weir, and has 
maintained distinct religious services for several years. 


Its ministers have been Rev. Messrs. Hinckley, Burnham, 
Webb, Hardman and Bates. They worship in a school- 
house. It is proposed to erect a chapel. 

TJie Central Christian Church. 

This church was organized December 23, 1847. They 
have a commodious and attractive meeting-house on Tres- 
cott Street. 

Elder John S. Maxwell, the first minister, a native of 
Lebanon, Connecticut, was settled AprU 1, 1848, and re- 
signed the next year. He was succeeded by Elder 

Ward, who has also resigned his charge, and is succeeded 
by Elder D. A. Russell, who entered upon his labors 
AprU 1, 1851. 

The Swedenborgians 

have held an occasional meeting in town for the last two 
years. Their usual place of meeting is Templar Hall. 

There is a Union meeting in the chapel at the Forge in 
Squawbetty. There is no church organized, neither is 
there a resident ministry. 

The Trinitarian Congregational Church of Middleboro' 
and Taunton Precinct includes many members from Taun- 
ton. Its meeting-house is nearly on the line, which sepa- 
rates the towns. 




The names of the original purchasers and proprietors of 
what was called the "North Purchase," included within 
the limits of the town of Taunton, were inserted in the 
first volume. (Page 38.) Fifty-two persons were em- 
powered in the grant from the Plymouth Court to hold the 
land, for which they paid one hundred pounds. The pur- 
chase was made in 1668. It continued a part of Taunton 
until 1711, or for the period of forty-three years ; when 
on application, an Act of Incorporation was granted the 
settlers in this part of the town for the most part descend- 
ants of the purchasers, taking the name of Norton. The 
name may have been suggested by its relative position, 
lying 7107'tli of the town of which it had hitherto formed a 
part. It included not only the present town of Norton, 
but parts of what are now known as Mansfield and E as ton. 
A Precmct charter had been granted m 1709, and " the 
site of a meeting-house was designated by the General 
Court that year, and a building v/as erected before 1712."* 
Through the kindness of Hon. Cromwell Leonard of Nor- 
ton, making application to the first parish for this purpose, 
I have been permitted to examine the early records both 
of church and society, in that town, from which I learn, 
that " a church was gathered in Norton on the 28?'7i of 

* Kcv. Ml-. Blake of Mansfield, Ms. Letter. 


Ocfbr, 1714. Those who covenanted* as members •vrere 

* Hon. Cromwell Leonard has forwarded me the original covenant 
of the Church in Norton. 

" We who are by the Holy and Gracious Providence of our Most Gra- 
cious and Merciful God brought unto this blessed opportunity — unto 
this extraordinary duty of joyning ourselves together according to the 
instituted Chm-ch Visible ; being deeply sensible of our own utter in- 
sufficiency, as of ourselves, unto so high and holy a work, (as also a 
privilege,} and having desired and labored solemnly and sincerely to 
search our own hearts and ways, and to humble our souls deeply and 
thoroughly before God, and to obtain pardon from Him and peace with 
Him through the blood of Jesus Christ; and also being awfully appre- 
hensive of the dreadful presence of God, before whom we stand, and of 
the appearance of our Lord Jesus Christ, in the exercise of his Kingly 
and his Prophetical office in his church, we do, (in dependence upon His 
grace, and the conduct and assistance of His Holy Spirit, and in hope 
of His Gracious acceptance, ) in His holy Presence, Name and fear sol- 
emnly, sincerely, visibly and professedly by our own free act jointly give 
up ourselves and our seed to Almighty God, as our only God, according 
to the tei-ms of His own everlasting covenant, and unto our Lord Jesus 
Christ, as our only and absolute Savior, engaging ourselves with all our 
hearts and with all our souls unto Him, (in a way of obedience to His 
great Gospel ordinances of church fellowship, to live and walk together 
in a way of full and free subjection unto the only power and authority 
of Him, our dear and blessed Lord Jesus, the Great and only Shepherd 
and Bishop of our souls, as His power is visibly and ministerially exer- 
cised in the regular and orderly ministration of all Gospel ordinances, 
both of doctrine, discipline and worship in His church, by such officers, 
as he has gifted and given unto His Church to that end. Also as His 
power is exercised in and over our souls by His Holy Spmt, unto whom 
also we give up ourselves to be an holy temple in ye Lord. And we do 
further covenant with our Lord Jesus Christ, through the graces of His 
Holy Spirit, to keep ourselves clear and free from all profane commun- 
ion with the profane world, and from all profane commimion witli any 
society of men, not walking according to the rules and commands of 
Jesus Christ and to keep imto Him, according to this our holy covenant 
with this particitlar instituted Church visible. And further we do in the 
presence of God, and in His holy name and fear, give up ourselves one 
unto another, by the will of God, covenanting to walk and live together 
as members of a Church of Christ, professing and practicing that one 
only true religion, which is revealed to us in ye Word of God, by the 
doctrine both of faith and obedience, according to that knowledge which 
God has given us of it ; and also in the exercise of brotherly love and 
christian charity, in the constant performance of all duties of Church 
communion, under the regular administration of Word, Prayer, Seals 
and censures, even all Church administration, and that, as God shall 
help us, inotfensive'.y and unlilamcably in order to our mutual edification 
and consolation. 

Finally, we do covenant, by God's grace, to keep our communion pure 
and entire within ourselves, and to maintain orderly communion with 
all other Orthodox and rightly constituted Churches of Christ, endeav- 
oring to preserve the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. 


Mr. George Leonard,* John Briggs, John Witherell, Sen- 
ior, Jolm Aldricli, Israel Fisher, Joseph Dunham, Thomas 
Skinner, Ephraim Grover, John Skinner, Thomas Grover, 
Nicholas White, Seth Darmon, John Hall." Dec. 9iA, 
Nicholas White was chosen Deacon. The wives of Messrs. 
Leonard, Witherell, Dunham, and T. Grover, four of the 
original members, with Experience, the wife of Peter Al- 
drich, Mercy, the wife of John Hodges, Hannah, the wife 
of Eliezer Fisher, Mercy, the wife of Richard Briggs, 
Widow Rebecca Briggs, and Widow Sarah Lane were ad- 
mitted to the church by letters from the church of Christ 
in Taunton, November 7th, or only a few days after the 

This holy covenant is humbly undertaken in the name and fear of 
God, with humble confidence in and dependence upon Him for ye assis- 
tance of His grace unto ye faithful performance of all these our holy 
covenant duties unto himself, and one unto another, with patience and 
perseverance to the end, with all humilitj' , and most heartily praying 
that God would pardon all our sins, both past and present, and accept 
of us, as His covenant people, and become our God. To Him be Glory 
in the Church by Jesus Christ, through all ages, world without end. 

Dated ye 4th of Oct. 1714: signed by Joseph Avery, George Leon- 
ard, John Briggs, John Witherell, Thomas Skinner, Peter Aldrich, 
Ephraim Grovier, Joseph Donham, John Skinner, Israel Fisher, Thom- 
as Grovier, Nicholas White, Seth Dorman, John Hall. 

July 27th, 1719, at a church meeting, the chui'ch did there approve of 
the Platform of Church Discipline and did agree by vote to practice ac- 
cording to the rule of it. 

Sept. 5th, 1734. This Platform, agreed upon by the Synod at Cam- 
bridge, 1648, was read to the Church, and they did once more unani- 
mously approve of it, or the substance of it, and agree to practice ac- 
coi'ding to its rules." 

* The name of Leonard has always existed in Norton. Not far from 
1690, Major George, third son of Thomas Leonard, removed to that 
part of Taunton, and bought large tracts of land. Major George was 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1716. His son, Colonel 
George, was Judge of Probate, and Chief Justice of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas. His son George, the third from Thomas, married a daugh- 
ter of Hon. Samuel White, was a Representative in Congress, and also 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. His daughter Peddy, relict of 
Hon. Jabez Bowen, Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, has recently 
died in Norton, at the original Leonard mansion, at an advanced age, 
leaving one of the largest landed estates in the Commonwealth. 


Rev. Joseph Avery, the first minister of the church in 
Norton, was ordained on the same daj with the formation 
of the church. "At his ordination," say the records, 
" Rev. Samuel Danforth of Taunton, gave the charge, and 
the Rev. Thomas Greenwood of Rehoboth, gave the Right 
Hand of Fellowship." Mr. Averj was son of Mr. Wil- 
liam Averj of Dedham, born April 9, 1687, graduated at 
Harvard University, 1706, In the year of his graduation, 
he was hired by the committee . of Rehoboth, " to keep 
school within the Ring of the Green for a quarter of a 
year for £1, 10 shillings silver money."* He was after- 
wards employed by the General Court to preach at Free- 
toAvn as missionary at ten shillings per Sabbath. f He had 
a brother in the ministry, settled at Truro, Rev. John 
Avery,^ also a graduate of Harvard in 1706. Mr. 
Avery was dismissed from the pastoral office in Norton in 
1753(?),:|: and died April 23, 1770, aged eighty-three. § 

* Bliss' History of Rehoboth, page 133. 

t Annual Report of Massachusetts Home Missionary Society. 

i Rev. Mr. Blake, of Mansfield. Vide next note. 

§ The date of Mr. Avery's death appears on the church records, but 
not of his dismission. For this latter fact, as well as some others in the 
notice of Norton, I am indebted to one who is intimately acquainted 
with the early history not only of Mansfield, the place of his settlement, 
but of that part of Bristol county. I am inclined to think however, that 
Mr. Avery was dismissed earlier than Mr. Blake supposes. The parish 
took action on the subject of his dismission, according to their Records, 
in November, 1748. They complain of Mr. Avery for " not ruling and 
governing the Church of Christ in the South Precinct, (so called in dis- 
tinction from the North Precinct, now Mansfield, established ia 1731,) of 
the town of Norton, according to the Platform of Church Discipline, 
(^ which said church had voted to be their Rule of Discipline,) nor accord- 
ing to the plain votes of that church which he himself had called for, 
but still refused to govern according to." (Precinct Records, page 28.) 
They moreover requested the church to dismiss Mr. Avery, but the 
church records in their imperfect, illegible state give no clue to the 
charges against Mr. Avery, or the precise time of his dismission. It 
must have been prior however, to April I7th, 1749, for on that day the 
" inhabitants of the South Precinct vote that Capt. William Stone, John 
Wild, and Dea. Benjamin Hodges be a committee to joyne with the 
committee of ye church in providing a minister to supply the Pulpit." 


After Mr. Avery's dismission, wliicli was probably in 
1749, several persons were invited to settle in the Gospel 
ministry who declined. There was a call issued for a 
meeting in the South Precinct meeting-house " to make 
choice of some man that is a learned orthodox man, June 
ye IQtli, 1749." The result of the meeting was the con- 
currence on the part of the parish with the church in the 
choice of Mr. Eliakim Willis as minister. He declin- 
ed the call. Again, March 20th, 1750, the parish 
concurred with the church in the choice of Mr. Joseph 
Roberts to be their minister. Mr. Roberts returned a 
written answer, dated September 29, 1750, declining the 
call, in which he says : " I have deliberated upon this im- 
portant affair, and advised both with relatives and others, 
and in view of some circumstances among you, am inclin- 
ed to think it best to determine in the negative. I hope 
none of the people of this place will either be offended or 
grieved with me in not giving my answer sooner, since 
Providence prevented by sickness, and my being perplex- 
ed by two calls at one and the same time. I conclude 
this reply to your invitation in the words of the Apostle : 
" Finally, brethren, farewell; be perfect, be of good com- 
fort, be of one mind, live in peace and the God of love 
and peace shall be with you." 

The record was made by George Leonard, for many years " Precinct 
Clerk." Hon. Cromwell Leonard, in reply to a letter of inquiry, writes : 
" When I was a boy, I very often visited the grave-yard which was but 
a few rods from my father's house, and there was hardly an inscription 
on a stone in that old burying-yard, that I could not repeat. Many of 
them I retain to this day, although learned half a century ago. I well 
remember the grave and stone of the wife of Rev. Joseph Avery, and 
also well remember asking my father, (who was one of his congrega- 
tion,) where the minister's grave Avas, (as I could not find it,) and he told 
me that Mr. Avery did not die at Norton, and was not buried here. 
This, I have no doubt, is true. Our oldest people have no knowledge 
of his death or burial." 



Again, Sept. 30, 1751, the Parish concurred with the 
church in the choice of Mr. Ehjah Lothrop to be their 
minister. He likewise declined ; and May 11th, 1752, the 
parish concurred Avith the church in the choice of Mr. Jo- 
seph Palmer to he their minister. They received answer 
as follows, in September of that year : 

" To the first church of Christ in, and inhabitants of the 
first parish in Norton : 
Dearly beloved in the Lord: 

Inasmuch as it has pleased Almighty God, the wise 
Governor of the world, to permit a separation between 
you and your late Reverend Pastor, and since this separa- 
tion to incline you so far to pursue your own best interest, 
as to be desirous of re-settling the Gospel ministry amongst 
you, and since He from whom every man's judgment pro- 
ceeds, who has the hearts of all men in His hands, has 
inclined you to choose me for your minister, (unworthy as 
I am,) as appears by a copy of your votes sometime since 
presented to me ; and having, as I trust, with a serious 
concern to promote God's glory and holy kingdom, both in 
myself and you, taken into consideration, your invitation 
of me, to settle among you in ye work of ye Gospel min- 
istry; and having been importunate with God for direction, 
and having asked advice of men, am determined to accept 
of your invitation ; with only asking that you would please 
make an addition to the offers you made me for my sup- 
port,* and that is, viz : to supply me with sufficiency of fire 

* The Parish A'otcd " fis a settlement one hundred and thirty-three 
pounds, six shillings and eight pence, lawful money, one half thereof to 
be paid in a year after he sliall settle, and the other half in two years. 
Voted, also, as his annual salary, the sum of sixty-six pounds, thirteen 
shillings, and four pence, lawful money." This was a small advance on 
Mr. Avery's salary, Avliich was in 1735, £60, and '-for his care of the 
meeting-house, sweeping, locking, and unlocking the same," three addi- 
tional pounds. In succeeding years the parish allo^'cd for " Mr. Avery's 


wood, it being no more than what is common of late with 
towns and parishes to do. By your granting this, I do 
accept of your mvitation, trusting in the Great Head of 
the Church for assistance in ye important service, and in 
your goodness for a comfortable support, if what you have 
already proposed, and may now further add for that pur- 
pose, should prove insufficient. Desirmg your earnest 
prayer to God for me. 

(Signed,) Joseph Palmek. 

' Cambridge, Sept. ye 15th, 1752." 

Rev. Joseph Palmer, the second minister of the South* 
Precinct of Norton, was graduated at Harvard in 1747, 
and ordained in Norton, January 3, 1753. He died April 
4th, 1791, in the sixty-second year of his age, and thirty- 
ninth of his ministry.! He died and was buried among 
the people of his pastoral care and love. Hon. Cromwell 
Leonard, whose father owned and occupied the place, 
where Mr. Palmer Hved and died, has transcribed and for- 
warded the inscription on the stone erected to his memory. 

negro's sweeping, locking and unlocking the meeting-house," one pound 
less. The proposition Mr. Pahner made concerning the " fire-wood" 
was not acceded to, " The Precinct looking upon what they have already 
voted as sufficient." How the matter was finally adjusted, does not ap- 
pear. But the final answer of Mr. Palmer is on record in these words : 

"Dearly beloved in the Lord: Avhereas yoii have once and again, (by 
your votes,) manifested a desire of mj' settling with you in the work of 
the Gospel ministry, I would now inform you that I am determin'd, and 
do accept of your invitation upon the off"er you made me for my support : 
trusting in yoixr goodness, for a comfortable maintenance, if what you 
have offered, should not be sufficient; and desire yom* prayers to Al- 
mighty God that I may be a faithful Pastor. 

(Signed,) Joseph Palmer. 

Norton, Oct. 21, 1752." 

-* It has been already stated that this part of Norton was so called to 
distingxiish it from the North Precinct, now Mansfield. 

t Norton Church Records, page 18. Also, Rev. Stephen Palmer's 
sermon on death of Rev. Roland Green, page 19. 


" Sacred 

To the memory of the Eev. Joseph Pahner, 

Pastor of the Congregational Church and Society 

in Norton. 

" He departed this Hfe April 4^A, 1791, in the 62d year 

of his age, and 39^7i of his ministry. His character -was 

an assemblage of those eminent and endearing virtues, 

which constitute the faithful pastor and exemplary chiis- 

tian, the kind husband, the tender parent, the generous 

friend and the good man. 

" He taught us how to live, and oh ! too high 
A price for knowledge ! taught us how to die." 

Mr. Leonard adds : "The society are no-^v worshipping 
in their third house. I believe the first house was not 
much used after Mr. Avery's death, and the second, which 
according to my remembrance, was erected about the year 
1753, was abandoned soon after the death of Mr. Clark, 
our third minister, who died in 1835. I have learned 
from my parents, that Mr. Palmer was not without his 
trials and troubles in his parish, but had, as a whole, a 
quiet ministry.'' 

" Mr. Palmer's widow survived him a little more than 
fifteen years. She died May 20, 1806, aged 72 years." 
This fact is found in a note to " a sermon delivered at 
Mansfield, July 31, 1808 ; being the fourth Lord's Day 
after the interment of Rev. Roland Green, Pastor of the 
church in that town, by Stephen Palmer,* a. m.. Pastor of 

* Mr. Palmer of Norton had four sons, William, who died at the age 
of thirteen, Joseph, Stephen and George. He also had four daughters. 
Sarah, the eldest, yet lives, on a small place in Taunton, on the Provi- 
dence road, a short distance beyond Oakland. The ne^ct daughter was 
the wife of the Eev. George 'Morey, late of "Walpole, Mass., and the 
mother of the Hon. George Morey, a well known lawyer of Boston. 
The third daughter was wife of Rev. Dr. Richmond, late of Dorchester, 
bat for a long time minister of Stoughton. The fourth and last daugh- 



the first church in Needham." Stej)hen Palmer was son 
of the mmister of Norton and a graduate of Harvard 
University in 1789. He informs us that Rev. Mr. Green 
of Mansfield "prayed at the funeral of his father, and on 
the succeeding Lord's Day preached at Norton to the be- 
reaved church and society. His text in the forenoon was 
Rev. 2 : 1, These things saitJi He, ivho lioldetli the seven 
stars in his right hand — and in the afternoon Heb. 13: 
7,. Remember them, ivhich have the rule over you, luho 
have spoken unto you the word of Grod, ivhose faith folloiv , 
considering the end of their conversation^ 

Rev. Pitt Clarke was the successor of Mr. Palmer in 
the ministry of Norton. The church made choice of him 
as Pastor, October 12, 1792, and he was ordained July 3, 
1793. From a friend I have received a suitable sketch 
of his life and character, which is here inserted. 

" Rev. Pitt Clarke, (or Clark as the name was formerly 
written,) long known as the Pastor of the First Congre- 
gational Parish in Norton, Massachusetts, was born in 
Medfield, in the same State, January 15, 1763. His 
father, Jacob Clark, was one of three brothers, whose 
grandfather came from England and settled in the north 
of Wrentham. His own grandfather removed to Med- 
field, and purchased a farm, where some of the descend- 
ants of the family still remain. Pitt, was one of a family 
of seven children, for whom the tilling of the soil in a re- 
tired New-England village, with constant and severe econ- 

ter was Hannah, and the wife of Rev. Isaac Braman, long the minister 
of Rowley. Hon. Cromwell Leonard, who has fm'nished other impor- 
tant facts in the notice of Norton, quotes the above from memory, and 
adds, that he thinks the name of Mrs. Morey was Mary, and of Mrs. 
Richmond, Lucy, but is not certain. Mr. Leonard is related to ^ho 
"Leonard fixmily" already noticed. They all claim descent from Leon- 
ard, Lord Dacre, one of the most distinguished families of the nobility 
in England, "descended in two lines from Edward iii," 



omj, afforded sufficient, but not abundant means of sup- 
port. In his mother, whose maiden name was Meletiah 
Hammond, were united an intense rehgious sensibility, a 
deep and almost painful feeling of personal responsibility, 
and a naturally nervous temperament. These all prompt- 
ed her early and earnestly to instill into the minds and 
hearts of her children, a pious reverence towards God, a 
sense of the great importance of religious interests, and 
daily habits of devotion, to which, more than any other 
outward cause, may be attributed the early determination 
of this one of her sons to devote himself to the sacred 
office. An early fondness for the acquisition of knowl- 
edge, and a desire to increase his fitness for that high post 
of duty, led Mr. Clarke to covet eagerly the advantages of 
a public education. These however, the straightened cir- 
cumstances of his family could not readily command, and 
made it manifest, that if acquired at all, they must be by 
his own exertions. Various circumstances conspired to 
postpone, to a comparatively late period, any opportunity 
to accomphsh these Avishes. His daily services were re- 
quired upon the farm ; pubhc and private interests were 
disturbed by the war of Independence ; he himself was at 
one time called upon to join the militia of his native town 
in a sudden expedition to defend the State against a threat- 
ened invasion of the British by the way of Rhode Island ; 
the destruction of his father's house and furniture by fire, 
(a circumstance of no small moment to a family so situat- 
ed,) all united to frustrate his early endeavors to obtain 
an education. Soon after the close of the Revolution 
however, having by industry and great frugality, gathered 
together a portion of the requisite funds, he applied him- 
self with renewed earnestness to the studies preparatory 


for entering college. These he pursued by the aid, and 
under the direction of the late Hannah Adams, a name 
widely known in the literature of New-England. From 
her faithful training he passed, with credit, into Harvard 
University in July, 1786, at the age of twenty-three 
years. His mind, naturally vigorous, and inquisitive, in- 
clined him more particularly to scientific and classic stud- 
ies, and in these, especially in the mathematical depart- 
ment, his scholarship was sound, and much beyond that 
usually attained by the graduates of his day. 

He received the honors of the University in 1790, but 
was compelled to devote his first exertions to replenishing 
the slender capital he had prepared for his education, by 
the emolument of teaching. For two years he took charge 
of the town school in Cambridge, at the same time devot- 
ing all the leisure, he could command from this duty, to 
the pursuit of his theological studies, and in April, 1792, 
was examined and duly approbated to preach, by the Cam- 
bridge Association of ministers. After occasional servi- 
ces in neighboring parishes, in August of that year, he 
relinquished his school, and accepted an invitation to preach 
from the first Congregational society in Norton, whose 
pulpit had been recently made vacant by the death of the 
E-ev. Joseph Palmer. This was the first place of liis 
preaching as a candidate, and though the desk had been 
previously occupied by several others since Mr. Palmer's 
decease, such was the favor with which his labors were re- 
ceived, that, after preaching only four Sabbaths, he 
received from the church an invitation to become their 
pastor. This call was sudden and unexpected to him, and 
following upon so recent an acquaintance, did not command 
the unanimous assent of the parish, though seconded by a 


decided majority in tlie church. He did not immediately 
accept it, but with that cautious judgment, for which he 
was ever distinguished, proposed a temporary arrangement, 
by Avhich he continued to supply their pulpit during the 
following winter and spring, thus securing to himself and 
the parish, an opportunity for more mature deliberation 
before entering upon an engagement Avhich was then re- 
garded as terminating only with life. A better acquain- 
tance on the part of the parish served only to increase the 
confidence his first coming had inspired, and resulted in 
a renewed and more decided invitation, from church and 
parish, to make the connexion a permanent one. This in- 
vitation he accepted, and he was accordingly ordained July 
3, 1793, the services of the occasion being principally per- 
formed by the Rev. Thomas Prentiss, of Medfield, who 
preached the sermon. Rev. Jacob Gushing, of Waltham, 
who gave the charge, Rev. Roland Green, of Mansfield, 
who gave the right hand of fellowship. 

"A solemn day to me!" (says the Pastor, in a short 
auto-biographical notice found among his papers after his 
decease,) " my deepest impression was, that I was insuffi- 
cient for these things. I felt the force of that passage, 
' I knew not how to go out and come in before the people,' 
and made it the subject of my first discourse after ordina- 

This, his first field of earthly labor, proved the only one 
in which he was to work. For tvfo and forty years, the 
connexion thus formed continued unbroken, and then only 
by the hand of death. So many years of his early life, 
spent by Mr. Clark in the healthy exercise of the farm, 
with a constitution of great natural strength and vigor, 
and the simple habits of living, to which he always adlier- 


ed, all combined to secure to him a life of uninterrupted 
health and strength, and enabled him, with a constancy 
and certainty, rarely equalled, to meet the various and 
constantly returning duties of his office. Rarely if ever 
was he known, from any cause, to be absent from the desk 
on the Sabbath, from the bedside of the sick and dying, 
the house of mourning, or any other station, to which duty 
called, during all the years of his lengthened ministry. 
He was remarkable for his habits of industry, regularity 
and order, — always an early riser, the first hours of the 
morning found him uniformly at his work, and many of his 
discourses were prepared during the earliest hours of days 
largely occupied by the labors of the farm. He continu- 
ed, during all his life, to supply the deficiencies of an in- 
adequate salary, by partaking, in common with many of 
his parishoners, in the toils of the husbandman, with which 
his early training made him familiar. 

His whole character, as a man and a minister, was not 
only above all reproach or question, but in every respect 
faithful and exemplary. Among his clerical brethren he 
was widely respected for his sound judgment and wise 
counsel, and was frequently called to assist or preside in 
their deliberations. He took a hearty and efficient inter- 
est in the cause of education, devoting much of his time 
and attention to the care of the common schools in hia 
parish. He rendered important service, for many years, 
as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Bristol 
Academy, in Taunton, and in 1827 became a life member 
of the American Education Society. 

He possessed largely the confidence of his people, and 
his counsel and advice were often sought by them, in mat- 
ters of private and personal concern. Among them ho 


was loved and esteemed, as possessing, in an unusual de- 
gree, that quiet evenness of temper, that daily serenity of 
life, and calmness of judgment, under all circumstances, 
which must ever form the most reliable elements of char- 
acter. In him, these qualities so constituted the texture 
of his daily life, that those who knew him best and saw 
him oftenest, rarely, if ever, saw them in any degree dis- 
turbed or shaken. 

These characteristics appeared in his public ministra- 
tions, and gave to them a quiet and simple earnestness, 
accompanied by a directness of appeal and apphcation, 
which rendered them profitable to the people of his charge, 
and made him an acceptable preacher in all the neighbor- 
ing pulpits. 

IMr. Clarke continued always to enjoy the confidence of 
the University where he was educated, and his house, was 
often selected by its government, as the temporary resi- 
dence of those, whose immediate connexion with the col- 
lege was, from any cause, interrupted ; and many passed 
from his careful hands to the walls of the University. 

In the constant, but unobtrusive duties of his parish, 
the forty-two years of his life and his ministry passed 
away. It appears from the entries in a diary, kept during 
the last twelve years of his life, and found among his pa- 
pers after his decease, that a sense of the importance of 
his duties, and of the obligation to fidelity imposed by his 
office deepened as he saw himself approaching the end of 
his earthly ministry. Though his health and strength 
failed not, still with each year he seemed more fuUy to 
realize that but few more remained to him here. 

The last entry made in his diary, under date of Janua- 
ry 1, 1835, though he was then in perfect health, closes with 

riTT CLARKE. 167 

these words : ' The days of my years teach me that the 
solemn test of my character is at hand — that eternity is 
at my door — that there is but a step between me and 
death.' This step was shorter even than he anticipated. 
A short but severe illness of only eleven days duration, 
arrested him in the midst of his active duties, and suffered 
but one Sabbath to pass between the one which witnessed 
his last ministrations to his OAvn people and that on which 
they were summoned to mourn at his funeral. He died 
February 13, 1835, at the age of seventy-two — meeting 
the end in a sustained and serene faith, as being but the 
beginning of the better life. One of his clerical breth- 
ren,* who visited him frequently during his sickness, spoke 
of this dying scene in these words : 

' I testify, (and I bless God for the privilege of so tes- 
tifying,) that often as I have stood by the bed of mortal 
sickness, and prayed, and watched and wept as one and 
another of the spirits of flesh was quitting its tenement of 
clay, never have I beheld a death-bed scene more sublime- 
ly edifying, more christianly serene, sustained, and consol- 
ing, than that of the aged servant of Christ, who sleeps 
in death before us. Truly his latter end was Peace. He 
knew in whom he believed, and "endured, as seeing Him, 
who is Invisible." The Being whom he served, shed 
down into his soul the gladsome tokens of His presence. 
Supports he experienced, which the world could not give, 
which flesh and sense were incapable of administering, but 
which death itself could not take away. " My heart is 
fixed," he exultingly exclaimed, "INIy heart is fixed, trust- 
ing, 0, Lord, in Thee. I am noAv ready to be oflered, 

* Rev. Andrew Bigelow, d. d., then minister in Tannton, who 
preached in Norton on Lord's Day, Eebruary 15th, 1835, a funeral ser- 
mon which was afterwards publfshcd. 


and the time of my departure is at hand. Father, into 
Thy hands I commit my spirit." And he sunk from life 
to rest in peace, and sleep in the "blessed hope." 

Rev. Pitt Clarke was married to Eebecca Jones, young- 
est daughter of Col. John Jones, of Hopkinton, Massachu- 
setts, February 1, 1798. He was married a second time 
to Mary Jones Stimson, daughter of Doctor Jeremy Stim- 
son, of the same place, November 12, 1812. He had 
nine children, three of whom died in infancy. Six are 
still living, viz: By his first wife, Abigail Morton Clarke, 
the wife of Mr. John J. Stimson, of Providence, Rhode 
Island; William Pitt Clarke, now residing in Ashland, 
Massachusetts; John Jones Clarke, Esq., of Roxbury, 
Massachusetts. By his second wife, George Leonard 
Clarke, of Providence ; Manlius Stimson Clarke, Esq., 
and Edward Hammond Clarke, M. d., of Boston, Mass. 

The body of the departed father lies m the church-yard 
of Norton, awaiting the call of that voice which wakes the 
dead. The folloAving epitaph is to be read by the living: 

"In the firm hope of everlasting life, 
In faith, in virtue strong, the christian dies ; 
And he, who oft at others' death-bed prayed. 
Himself now all its hidden mystery tries. 

Faithful to conscience, prompt at duty's call. 
Anxious from sin and woe his flock to save, 
He lived to bless, then paid the debt of all, 
Yielding to God the spirit that He gave." 

Several of Mr. Clarke's sermons were published in his 
lifetime. Of these I have seen and examined the follow- 
ing: "A Discourse, delivered before the Norton Female 
Christian Association, on their anniversary, June 3, 1818; 
a sermon, preached at Mansfield, the Sabbath after the 


Interment of the Hon. Ebenezer Warren,* who died Jan- 
uary 1, 1824; a sermon on "the formation of a new 
heart," pubhshed hy Leonard C. Bowles in his "Monthly 
Publication of Sermons " for May, 1830. The same year 
with his death, was issued an address to his people, found 
among his papers. Appended to Doctor BigeloAv's Fu- 
neral Discourse are interesting extracts from the private 
journal of Mr. Clarke, during the latter part of his life. 
"The Right Hand of Fellowship," given Mr. Pipon at hia 
ordination in Taunton, January 15, 1800, is appended to 
the sermon preached on the same occasion by Dr. Kirk- 
land. Three of the earlier sermons of Mr. Clarke, in 
MS., have been submitted by his sons for examination, the 
first, number 18, from Isaiah 1 : 3, "My people doth not 
consider;" the second, number 24, from 2 Cor. 6: 2, 
" Behold, now is the accepted time ; behold, now is the 
day of salvation ;" and the third, number 77, from Gen. 
3: 6, "And when the woman saw that the tree was good 
for food, and that it vras pleasant to the eyes, and a tree 
to be desired to make one wise ; she took of the fruit 
thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with 
her, and he did eat." The latter sermon is gi^^en to the 
reader, as it was preached in Norton, January 19, 1794. 

* From the sermon, it appears that Hon. Ebenezer Warren wa3 
brother of General Joseph Warren, the hero of Bunker Hill, and Doc- 
tor John Warren, a Physician of Boston, and once Professor in Harvard 
University. Ebenezer "was a member of the State Convention in 1788; 
in 1790, he had a commission from Gov. Hancock to be Justice of the 
Peace, and three years after, he was appointed Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas. 



SERMON by Rev. PITT CLARKE, of Norton, in 

Genesis hi. 6. 

And ivlien tlie tvoman saw that the tree ivas good for food, 
mid that it was pleasant to the eyes, as a tree to he de- 
sired to make one 2vise ; she took of the fruit thereof 
and did eat, and gave also imto her husband luith her^ 
and he did eat. 

SUCH was the conduct of our first parents. Though 
they were happy in the smiles of each, and might par- 
take of all the innocent pleasures and dehghts which the 
garden of Eden afforded, yet they were not satisfied. 
They were not contented with the rich fruition of Paradise, 
so long as there was a prohibition upon a single thing. 
Such their aspiring aim after more than was allowed them, 
such their curiosity to grasp what they h-ad no business 
with, that they soon leaped the bounds, which were set 
them, and forfeited the peculiar happiness of the Garden. 
Whatever be the name or nature of the forbidden tree, 
it was a test of obedience, and designed as a trial for pro- 
bationers. Not to stand this trial would be a loss of in- 
nocence, and of course a loss of perfect happiness. Though 
the eating of the forbidden fruit would be an increase of 
knowledge, yet it would be painful knowledge, — bitter 
experience, — the regret of forfeiting the felicity of Para- 
dise, and being cast into a world of sorrow, suffering and 
woe. The leaduig ideas contained in the text, are, that 
mankind are prone to gratify present taste at the risk of 

Clarke's sermon in 1794. 171 

their greatest good, and also to copy the wicked examples 
of others, though by it they forfeit their supreme felicity. 
When the tvonimi saiv that the tree loas good for food — 
jjleasant to the eyes, to taste, ^-c, she took of the fruit 
thereof. And when she gave it to her husband, he follow- 
ed her ex?cmple. Though they were plainly told by their 
Maker, that the consequence of eating would be certam 
death; yet the strong propensity to gratify the taste, or 
indulge a vain curiosity, impelled them to go contrary to 
their own convictions of right, and to risk all consequences. 

By the same desire of carnal indulgence mankind ^at 
the present day act contrary to their own convictions, and 
risk future happiness. 

Thousands Avho acknowledge the great truths of natural 
and revealed religion, are found to act in opposition to 
them. They follow those things, that are pleasing to the 
taste, to the eye, and lusts of the flesh, and thereby haz- 
ard their present peace, and forfeit all hopes of future 
happiness. There may however be a secret hope, as there 
doubtless was in the minds of our first parents, that the 
threatenings of God will not be executed upon every trans- 
gression. Mankind at the preseni day have no more rea- 
son to doubt the authenticity of revekction, or the certainty 
that God is speaking unto us, in the holy Scriptures, than 
Adam and Eve had to doubt the declaration of God to 
them. But notwithstanding all this, there are doubts en- 
tertained respecting the evil consequences of sin, or the 
threatenings of God. In this respect our first parents 
were led into doubts. They were enticed into a secret 
belief, that God's threatenings would not be executed. 

Nothmg but dear-bought experience would convince them 
to the contrary. In like manner we find many at the pros- 


ent day, influenced by a notion, that sin is not so malig- 
nant and destructive, nor God so strict in executing pun- 
ishment as is represented in Scripture. And nothing will 
convince them but sad experience. Bj spending a whole 
life in sin, and being doomed to eat the fruit of their own 
way, they then too late feel the consequences of disobedi- 

The rich man lived in carnal indulgence, regardless of 
future conseqtiences ; but when he died he felt the evil of 
his ways. Lifting up his eyes in torment, he begged 
Abraham to send to his Father's house, and warn his breth- 
ren and friends lest they also come into the same punishment. 
For he says, if one go unto them from the dead, they will 
repent. Abraham, who well knew the nature of man, said, 
if they believe not Moses and the Prophets, neither will they 
believe though one should rise from the dead ; intimating 
that nothing but the dear-bought experience which he had 
would convince many of their danger. 

There are persons who believe in God, and in natural 
and revealed religion, but they have not that realizing 
sense of his promises and threatenings, which influences 
their conduct. All the knowledge in the world — the 
most perfect view of all the truths and doctrines of reve- 
lation, will avail but little, unless the affections are engag- 
ed and interested on the side of virtue. Men's prin- 
ciples will only float useless in the head, till the lieart be 
warmly affected, and feel interested in yielding obedi- 
ence. The desire or curiosity for disobedience is to be 
mortified, and the inclinations brought into subjection to 
the will of God. A fixed, animated resolution to serve 
God, is the thing which influences to real practice. This 
treats with disdain everythiug, that militates with it, and 

clakke's sermon in 1794. 173 

says to the evil insinuation, get thee behind me, Satan. 
For it is written, thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, 
and him only shalt thou serve. Had our first parents ad- 
hered to this resolution, the subtlety of the serpent "would 
not have beguiled them. And did all manldnd form such 
a resolution and abide by it, they would have grace to 
overcome every temptation to sin. But by irresolution, or 
want of consideration, the grace of God is lost, — his holy 
spirit grieved away ; the evil one takes the advantage, and 
the commission of sin is the consequence. Every man 
under the exercise of reason is ready to acknowledge, 
that eternal happiness is preferable to any short-lived plea- 
sure, — that the favor of God is better than all the plea- 
sures of sense. Were eternal glory always present to the 
mind and the happiness of living with God contmuaUy in 
view, the objects of the world would not be so influential. 
Mankind are led astray by yielding to present good, with- 
out considering the consequences of it. In this way our 
first parents fell from their state of innocence and glory. 
Their appetites sought present indulgence, — their afiec- 
tions were placed on present good, and not properly consid- 
ering the consequences of gratification, they eat of the 
forbidden fruit. Mankind at present by fixmg their eyes 
on sensual objects, to the neglect of spiritual, become 
slaves to their appetites, and passions. And from a wish to 
please the fashionable world, they yield to fasliionable vices. 
This world and its objects are the general topic of conver- 
sation, and uppermost in the mind ; and therefore most 
likely to gain the affections. Especially the gay and vol- 
atile are so transported with these sensual pleasures, as to 
neglect the consideration of more durable good, and are 
regardless of future misery. Indeed the greater part of 


the follies and vices of the world are brought on in the 
same ■way, as was the first transgression. Those things 
that are pleasant to the eyes, gratifying to the sensual ap- 
petite, or flattering to worldly ambition, preponderate over 
all the bulk of mankind, and become the most powerful 
springs of action. Thus the rising generation are led 
to please the fancy. The middle-aged are impelled with a 
desire of wealth, or of making a worldly appearance, or 
of gratifying a worldly ambition. And parents are in 
general most pleased with those children who are the most 
forward in external graces, or showy qualifications. All 
this propensity is natural to depraved creatures, and has 
been handed down from the first violators, who when they 
saw the tree was good for food, pleasant to the eyes, and 
a tree to be desired to make one wise, took of the fruit 
thereof, and did eat. 

When this wicked example is once set, there is a strong- 
er propensity in others to follow it. For mankind are very 
much led by example, and formed by imitation. There is 
hardly anything too absurd to maintain, that is fashionable, 
hardly anything too wicked to be done, if it be generally 
practised. Young people imitate those who go before 
them, and the bulk of common people follow the example 
of those more influential. 

Thus mankind are prone to gratify present taste, and to 
copy after others in sin, though it be contrary to rational 
conviction. This is the way in which the first sin was 
committed, and which the wicked have followed ever since. 

We will now examine some of the causes which lead to 

The first, I shall mention, is giving way to vain and low 
conceptions. It was vanity in Adam and Eve, to suffer 

Clarke's sermon in 1794. 175 

temporal food, or what was merely pleasant to the senses 
to overpower weightier considerations, such as breaking a 
divine command, and forfeiting a paradise of bliss. This 
was descending below their rank — degrading their natures. 
The J were endowed with rational souls, — capable of the 
sublime and exalted enjoyment of their Maker. It Avas 
certainly vanity in them to let the bodily senses divert the 
nobler powers of the mind from God, the source of happi- 

Vanity is an equal source of error among us, their ofl- 
spring. It is equally criminal in us to suffer the desires 
of the body to overpower the cravings of the soul, or to fix 
our supreme attention on the things of time and sense. 
The indulging of vain, and low conceptions has a direct 
tendency to lead into sin. It draws off the faculties from 
the love and service of God, and fills the soul with crea- 
ture enjoyments. The Psalmist says. Men of loiv degree 
are vanity. And the Apostle declares of the wicked. 
They become vain in their imaginations ayid their foolish 
hearts are darkened, — that while they know God, they 
worship him not as God, but they worship and serve the 
creature more than the Creator. 

This is one great source of their wickedness and ruin. 

A second cause, why mankind so often plunge themselves 
into sin, is gratifying curiosity, or following an inclination 
for pleasure, — not pleasure which is considered at the 
time as criminal, but that, which is thought free from dan- 
gerous consequences, or which promises an overbalance of 
good to the ill feared. Though many are led astray by 
their appetites, yet not always in contradiction to their 
persuasion, that bad consequences will follow. Our first 
parents would undoubtedly have refrained from eating the 


forbidden fruit, had they at the time a reahzing belief that 
tlie threatenings would be executed. They were flattered 
to think, they should not die in consequence of it ; but, 
that they would be made wiser and happier by it. Thus 
men are flattered into sin by the fallacious appearance of 
good, without apprehending the evil of it. No person, in 
the exercise of reason would taste the most delicious food, 
were he certain, that immediate death would be the conse- 
quence. Let a person be ever so much addicted to intem- 
perance, he would not indulge his appetite, — he would not 
run into excess, if he saw the hand of vengeance over 
him, ready to destroy him for it the next moment. The 
wicked run on to eat and drink their own damnation, from 
a delusive hope, that they shall somehow escape future 
punishment, or after they have tasted the pleasure of the 
pursuit, they shall avert the danger by an after repentance. 
A man on the gallows, or under the operating sentence of 
death would not commit sin, had he an opportunity to do 
it. His feelings, and desires would then be on the side of 
virtue. Eternity would then fill the whole compass of 
thought ; and every thmg would draw into obedience. But 
when death is viewed at a distance, and the pleasures of 
sense are present to the mind, these steal away the aflec- 
tions, and swallow up the thought of a hereafter. Incli- 
nation to gratify rushes upon the mind, and present plea- 
sure preponderates over aU future good. 

A third reason why men are carried beyond bomids, is 
a want of consideration. They do not consider what is 
their greatest good, and what will lead to their greatest 
happiness. They do not consider the evil consequences of 
sin. They follow first appearances without suitable delib- 
eration. When our first parents thought the tree desira- 

Clarke's sermon in 1794. 177 

ble to make them wise, they, without consideration, par- 
took of the fruit. They did not sin because they loved it, 
nor do sinners fall into vice, because they desire it in it- 
self considered ; but they comiect great apparent good 
with it. And this false judging, or deception is owing in 
a great measure to a want of consideration. For this 
reason multitudes fall precipitately into the commission of 
sin. They form hasty decisions, or act without consider- 
ation. Self love, or something agreeable to the external 
senses, hurries them on, and they act almost without 
thought. And thus acting they very soon make that ap- 
pear reasonable, which is agreeable. For it is a just re- 
mark. He, who earnestly wishes, that a thing were lawful, 
has half consented that it is so. Dishonesty has already 
crept into such a man's heart, and the transition from thence 
to the head is quick and powerful. Various are the wind- 
ings and turnings of self-love and deceptions of siu, by 
which men inconsiderately deceive themselves. The wick- 
ed, it they did but consider, would acknowledge, that 
they are more dishonest with themselves than with one 
another. A man may cheat his neighbor, but he cheats 
himself the most. He robs himself of a treasure infinite- 
ly more valuable, than all worldly goods. The thief, who 
allows liimself in stealing, cannot possibly take from 
another, anything that is of so much worth, as what he 
takes from his own soul. For in the very act he robs him- 
self of imiocence and virtue, which are far above the price 
of rubies. The man who murders another, is worse than 
a murderer to himself. He plunges the dagger of wick- 
edness into his own immortal part. So in all human deal- 
ings. The injury which one man does to another, is not 
so great as that which he does to himself. For t'lat Avhich 


we do to another is only temporal ; what we do to our- 
selves is eternal. It is therefore for want of considera- 
tion, that any person allows himself in fraud, in theft, or 
any kind of wickedness. For every one, who properly 
considers, must know, that it is of the highest interest to 
love God, and keep his commands, — to do justly, love 
mercy, and walk humbly with God. 

Another motive to sin, which arises principally from 
the same cause, is a -spirit of conformity. The ivoman 
took of the fruit — -gave also unto her husband and he did 
eat. This spirit of conformity is so powerful that the 
whole world is governed in a great measure by example. 
In vain do parents teach their children the ways of rehg- 
ion, if they walk not in them themselves. The same may 
be said of ministers, and all instructors. Their precepts 
avaU but little, unless enforced by good example. One 
spark of virtue carried into practice is worth thousands in 
mere Avord, or speculation. For thousands will catch the 
spirit of example sooner than they will be influenced by 
mere lip instruction. 

All this goes to prove that there is a great proneness 
in mankind to fall into the examples of others, though 
they are spoken against and known to be bad. If lead- 
ing characters eat the forbidden fruit, and seem to prosper, 
others will do the same. They easily swim with the cur- 
rent, and rather follow the multitude, even to do evil, 
than resolutely to stem the torrent of fashionable sins, and 
persevere in a course of self-denial. This spirit of conform- 
ity and want of consideration are two powerful causes for 
the commission of sin. 

For our improvement then we ought to put ourselves 
upon the guard against them. The only effectual way to 


do this is to adhere to tlie commands of God, to follow 
the leadings of his spirit, and yield obedience to his ■will. 
It is he alone, who savingly affects the heart, — animates 
the springs of action, — and engages the affections on the 
side of religion. But he will be sought, that he may do 
all this for us. We are to use the means, by fixing our 
thoughts long and often on religion. Howsoever disa- 
greeable at first, by often musing upon it, the fire may 
kindle. By consideration, reading, hearing the word, 
meditation and prayer, the mind becomes seasoned for 
religion, the heart susceptible of deep impressions. 

Consideration and meditation are two powerful guards 
against sin, and great incitements to virtue. 

Consider therefore before you act. Consider what you 
are about to do, — the nature of inaction — the conse- 
quences, — whether it be contrary to the commandment 
of God. 

The Bight Hand of Felloivshiiy 
At the Ordination of Rev. JOHN PIPON, of Taun- 
ton, Jan. 15, 1800 ; 
By the Bev. 3Ir. CLARKE, of Norton. 

THE gospel of our glorious Redeemer is a system of love 
admirably designed to suit the condition of fallen men, 
and to draw them into the practice of its amiable virtues. 
To promote this design in a way consistent with human 
feelings, ambassadors are commissioned by the Spirit of 
God, to proclaim the profiers and blessings of it, and to 


persuade mankind, if possible, to conform to it. That 
thej may happily succeed in this work, it is highly impor- 
tant for their endeavors to be in unison, and their whole 
deportment to be a brilliant copy of that love they are re- 
quired to inculcate upon others. There is a captivating 
charm emanating from a band of brothers, whose hearts 
appear unitedly warmed with the noblest sentiments, glow- 
ing with the purest affection, and whose individual and 
combined exertions are most fervently employed in propa- 
gating the most benevolent of systems. Such an affecting 
harmony in sentiment, design, and pursuit, must have a 
strong tendency to ennoble their exertions, to recommend 
the cause they would promote, and to incline many to es- 
pouse its interest. This harmony ought ever to be con- 
spicuous among the ambassadors of Christ. They ought 
not only to be cemented in heart-affection and fervent af- 
fection, but their union is to be sealed and solemnized by 
an external token, significant of their united ingraftment 
into the love of Christ, their combined engagement to pro- 
mote his interest, and their mutual obligation to discharge 
reciprocal offices of love, counsel, and support, in the ser- 
vice of their common Master. The gospel appellation for 
this token is. The Right Hand of Felloivship. 

As you, dear brother, have now been publicly enrolled 
among the ambassadors of Christ, it remains to seal, and 
solemnize our union with you by this aiJOstoUc ceremony. 
Therefore, in the name, and by the desire of the venerable 
Council, here convened, I present you the eight hand. 
By this friendly token, we welcome you into the labors of 
the christian vineyard ; embrace you as an equal partner 
with us in the dignities of the pastoral office ; ratify our 
union with you in the love and fellowship of the gospel, 


and solemnly announce our readiness to assist, sympathise, 
and rejoice with you in promoting universal love and piety. 
As we cheerfully pledge this by the tender of our right 
hand, so your acceptance of it is, on your part, a public 
declaration of your readiness to afford us equal help, as 
occasion and circumstances require. 

The cause we are bound to promote is, that of love to 
God, and good will toward man. Though this work be 
easy and pleasant in itself ; yet, through the hardness of 
men's hearts, it often becomes arduous, difficult and dis- 
couraging. We need each other's aid, counsel and sup- 
port. We shall do well, my brother, to embrace all oppor- 
tunities to strengthen and encourage, comfort and enliven 
each other, while laboring through this vale of tears. As 
a friend, I advise you, as a brother, I entreat you, to he 
wise as a serpent, and harmless as a dove. Open the 
eagle-eye of caution upon all ; carry the melting tongue 
of kindness to a!l ; practically display the unblamable 
image of holiness before all. Let the fire of gospel love 
and piety so meliorate and inflame your heart, that all 
your friends may catch its genial warmth, and your ene- 
mies, if such you have, may, instead of opposing, be melt- 
ed into the same temper. Go forth, my brother, and the 
Lord be with you. 

Brethren op the Church, We extend the hand of 
affection to you, soliciting your help and support for this 
our brother, in performing the important duties of his trust 
among you. It is much in your power to soothe his cares, 
to ease the burden of his trials, and to strengthen him in 
the work of the Lord. 

As a friend and neighbor, deeply interested in your 
christian welfare, I Avould press my friendly entreaties, that 


you would ever be ready to encourage him by expressions 
of love and kindness ; to animate him by a lively attend- 
ance on his preaching ; to magnify his office, by treating 
him as an ambassador of God ; to remember him with the 
tenderest aflfection in your addresses to the throne of grace, 
and to crown his ministerial labors by a peaceful and holy 
walk, according to the commands and ordinances of Christ. 
May you both be feehngly alive to your respective duties, 
and finally receive of the great Shepherd, an unfading 
crown of everlasting glory. 

Rev. AsAEELAH M. Bridge was ordained as Mr Clarke' s 
successor, Jan. 27, 1836. The records of the church do 
not inform us when his pastoral relation ceased. 

Rev. William P. Tilden was ordained to the pastoral 
charge of the Society, April 21st, 1841. 

Rev. Frederic Hinckley succeeded Mr. Tilden in the 
pastoral office Oct. 1st, 1848. 

Rev. George F. Clarke was Installed Pastor of the 
church, August 11, 1852, and is still in office. 

The Baptist CJiurcJi. 

The original organization of this church was not far 
from 1775. They erected a house of worship not in Nor- 
ton, but within the present hmits of Taunton, in the north 
part of the town, where they continued until 1835. At 
that time, in consequence of the prevalence of other views 
than their own in the society, a portion of their members 
withdrew and reorganized at the house of one of the breth- 
ren, and have ever since that time (Oct. 13, 1835) main- 
tained separate worship. The remnant constitute the pres- 
ent Free Will Baptist Church in North Taunton. The 


members present at tlie reorganization of the Church in 
Norton, were thirteen, as follows : Caleb Atherton, Tisdale 
Godfrey, Amos Keith, Beulah E. Lincoln, Nancy Lincoln, 
Hannah Thayer, Lydia Thayer, Patience Lincoln, Betsey 
Snow, Stella Keith, Nancy Austin, Anna Macomber, Jo- 
anna Atherton. 

The ministers of the church since its reorganization 
have been Rev. Messrs. Henry C. Cooms, Nathan Chap- 
man, Samuel J. Carr, John Holbrook, J. G. Bowen, Wil- 
liam Reed. I have been unable to learn anything of its 
earlier ministry.* I am indebted for the above facts to the 
Rev. Mr. Holmes, of Norton. 

Congregational Trinitarian Church. 

This Church was constituted April 3, 1832, and con- 
sisted of twenty-two members, viz : Nathan Perry, Leavit 
Bates, Lysander Makepeace, Jesse Blandin, John Patten, 
Sarah Makepeace, Phebe Patten, Lydia Shepard, Nancy 
M. Patten, Hannah Bates, Elizabeth Briggs, Rhoda Loth- 

* Rev. Thomas Goodwin, a native of Norton, obtains the following 
facts concei'ning the origin of this church, from Mrs. Hannah Dean of 
Tairhaven, eldest daughter of Timothy I3riggs, second deacon of the 
church : 

Elder GofF of Dighton, having preached in Mansfield, a general in- 
terest was awakened, and large numbers received baptism by immersion. 
He was assisted and followed by Preachers Simmons and Ingle, the lat- 
ter quite an eloquent man. The meetings ceased in Manslield, and a 
chm'ch appears to have been formed in Taunton, near Norton, c omposed 
for the most part of the fruits of this revival. This was not far from 
A. D., 1778. James Briggs was the first deacon. Eev. William Nelson 
was the first minister in about 1779. He was from Middleboro', and 
was succeeded in the oversight of the church, first by his brother Samuel, 
and afterwards by another brother Ebenezer Nelson, whose ministry ex- 
tended down to about 1797. (See Baker's Ch. Hist., and Benedict's 
Hist, of the Baptists.) Eev. Ebenezer Nelson has a son Col. Nathaniel 
Nelson, residing in New-Bedford. 


rop, Laban M. Wheaton,* Eliza p. Wheaton, Josiah King, 
Clarissa King, Mason Stone, Abigail M. Stone, Harriet 
Patten, Polly Goodwin, Allen Tucker, Emma Field. 

Rev. Spencer F. Beard preached from the organization 
of the church in 1832, till 1835, but was never settled. 

Rev. Cyrus W. Allen was the first Pastor of the 
church. Mr, Allen was born in Taunton, graduated at 
Brown Universitj in 1826, and previous to his settlement 
in Norton, labored in the West. He was dismissed March 
1, 1842, and is at present settled in Coleraine, of this 

Rev. Homer Barrows supplied the pulpit a year or two, 
after Mr. Allen's dismission, but was never settled. 

Rev. William Barrows was the second Pastor. He 
was ordained Sept. 4, 1845, and was dismissed June 4, 
1850. Mr. Barrows is now the minister of Grantville. 

Rev. Franklin Holmes, the third and present Pastor, 
was ordained Sept. 15, 1852. Mr. Holmes has kindly 
furnished the above statistical notice of the church. 

* The " Wheaton Female Seminary," in Norton, ^yas founded by 
Judge Wheaton, father of Laban M. Wheaton, and a distinguished citi- 
zen of the place. He was a man of great wealth, with only two children, 
a son and a daughter. The daughter mai-ried Dr. Strong of Boston, 
and died before her father. The loss of this, his only daughter, suggest- 
ed to Judge Wheaton, the idea of planting a School for Young Ladies in 
Norton, making it, as I heard him once remark, " the child of his adoption, 
in the place of his departed daughter." He liberally endowed it, and now 
for nearly twenty years it has existed an ornament, an honor, and a bles- 
sing, not only to Norton, but to all the neighboring towns. The only child 
of its founder has not forgotten the object of his father's care, as a recent 
liberal donation of Ten Thousand dollars abundantly testifies. There has 
been an able succession of Principals of the School, viz: Miss Caldwell, 
now Mrs. Cowles of the Ipswich Seminary, a beloved pupil and ardent 
admirer of the widely lamented Miss Lyon, who essentially aided Miss 
Caldwell in opening the School, not only by her counsel, but by her per- 
sonal presence ; Miss Knight, now the wife of Eev. Mr. Bean" of Little 
Compton, R. I. ; Miss Vose, now the wife of Eev. INIr. Emerson, of 
South Reading, Mass.; Miss Sawyer, a member of the family of Laban 
M. Wheaton, Esq., of Norton ; Miss Cate, now wife of Rev. William 
Barrows, of Grantville, Mass.; and the present Principal, INIrs. Caroline 
C. Metcalf. 


The Wesleyan Methodist Church. 

This church is of recent origin. It was organized May 
3, 1850, consisting of the following members: Solomon 
P. Snow, minister ; David Cummings, Joseph Snow, Al- 
bert S. Tucker, Jonathan J. Stanley, Maria J. Snow, Ros- 
elana R. Cummings, Polly Jones, Nancy Snow, Abigail 
Tucker. Rev. Solomon P. Snow has officiated as Pastor 
from the organization of the church till the present time. 




The " South Purchase " was made of Sachem Philip, 
in 1672, for X143.* An Act of Incorporation was not 
appHed for, which should make it a distinct town, until 
1712, a short time after Norton was set off. The name 
of Dighton was selected by the settlers, as is supposed, in 
honor of the Dighton family, one of whom, Frances, was 
the wife of Richard Williams, principal purchaser and 
proprietor — not only of the original Tetiquet purchase, 
but of each of the subsequent purchases. She was a wo- 
man worthy of the distinguished honor which the inhabi- 
tants of that part of the town sought to bestow upon her. 

The registry of ecclesiastical events in the history of 
Dighton is exceedingly meagre, as the brief records which 
our fathers left have perished, and there is nothing save 
the scantiest gleaning possible. There is nothing but the 
most uncertain tradition prior to 1826. Some facts are 
recollected with regard to the original church of the town, 
and through the kindness of the Rev. Ebenezer Newhall, 
temporary supply, have been transmitted for our use. 

Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, first minister of the town, 

received his call to settle as Pastor in the South Precinct 

of Taunton, in June, 1710. This was two years prior to 

the Incorporation of the town. Mr. Fisher was settled in 

* Vide 1st volume, pp. 18 and 39. 


Dighton not far from fifty years. It is a mortifying fact 
that one Vfho for so long a time was the only minister of 
the town, " a good man and a worthy minister of the gos- 
pel," as all transmitted accounts are ready to pronounce 
him, should sleep in its ancient burial place, without stone 
or slab to mark the spot of his repose, and with no other 
assurance of the fact of his burial, but the memory of the 
aged, and the proximity of the remains of his wife and chil- 
dren. Mr. Keed, who transcribed the inscriptions which fol- 
low, was informed by Mr. Gushe, whose period of settle- 
ment in the town now nearly equals that of the prob- 
able pastorate of his predecessor, that there never was the 
least memorial of fihal or parochial regard above the re- 
mains of the departed minister. Mr. Fisher was a grad- 
uate of Harvard University, in 1706, and (according to 
Mr. Baylies,) was a native of some town in Norfolk coun- 
ty in this State. The evidence that there was once such 
a minister in Dighton, who undertook not only to teach the 
people in the way of truth and hohness, but to rear a fam- 
ily for God, is in the grave-yard. 

" Here lieth ye body of Nathaniel, ye son of ye Rev. 
Nathaniel Fisher and Elizabeth his wife, died Aug. 1, 
1728, aged 3 years. 

In memory of Nathaniel, ye son of Rev. Mr. Nathaniel 
Fisher and Elizabeth his wife, died Nov. ye 2d, 1748, in 
ye 15th year of his age. 

In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Fisher, ye wife of ye Rev. 
Mr. Nathaniel Fisher, who died Sept. ye 23d, Anno Dom- 
ini 1765, in ye 70th year of her age." 

Rev. John Smith was the successor* of Mr. Fisher, 

* la an article on the churches in Bristol county in the Am. Quart. 
Eegister for 1839, it is stated "Mr. Smith was settled a colleague with 
Mr. Fisher about the year 1772." Also, that " he continued in the min- 


and the second Pastor of the town. Mr. Baylies pro- 
nounces him a native of Plainfield, Ct., and a graduate of 
Yale CoUege.* He was probably settled in Dighton not 
far from thirty years, removing thence to Pennsylvania, 
where he died. The only memorial of him which I have 
seen, is a church document commending George Godfrey 
to the church of Christ in Taunton, and which appears to 
be in the hand-writing of Mr. Smith. It is as follows : 

" The Church of Christ of Dighton to the Church of 
Christ of Taunton : — Reverend and Beloved : wishing you 
grace, mercy and peace from God our Father, and from 
our Lord and only Savior, through the Holy Ghost ; We 
inform you that on apphcation made to us by George God- 
frey, our brother, for leave to remove from us, and become 
connected with you, as a member of your communion, it is 
granted ; and, as in good standing with us and as worthy to 
be received to your holy care and fellowship, he is recom- 
mended by your brethren in the faith and patience of the 
kingdom of Christ. 

By order of the Church. 

John Smith, Pastor. 

Rev. E. JuDSON. 

To be communicated to the Church, Taunton." 

Rev. William Warren, a native of New-Ipswich, N. 
H., and a graduate of Dartmouth College, in 1800, suc- 
ceeded Mr. Smith, and was the third minister of this 

istry till Dec. 1801, when he was dismissed from his pastoral office; re- 
moving the next year to Pennsylvania, where he died." This last state- 
ment is substantiated by ]\Ir. Baylies, a native of Dighton. 

* The fact of the graduation is derived from Mr. Baylies. Thei'ewaa 
a graduate of Yale in 1763 bearing that name, but he is not italicised in 
" Farmer's list of graduates " as a clergyman. Durin'g Mr. Smith's 
ministry. Dr. Ezra Stiles, afterwards President of Yale College, driven 
from Newport by the invasion of the British, took up a temporary resi- 
dence in Dighton, and occasionally preached. 


Church and Society. " He was ordained Pastor of the 
church, in the year 1802, under the most favorable cir- 
cumstances, and prospects of usefulness. He was uncom- 
monly popular ; and durmg the first years of his ministry 
he seemed to be blessed. In 8 or 9 years he became inat- 
tentive to ministerial duties, subjected himself to censures, 
practiced medicine, became loose in his morals, removed 
to Salem. In 1820, he was excommunicated from the 
church in Dighton." It is supposed the records of the 
Church were destroyed by him. The influence of this 
man and his ministry were baneful in the extreme. It has 
not ceased to be felt for evil to this day. 

In 1826, Rev. William Torrey labored with the church 
and people for a few weeks. 

Dec. 26, 1827, Rev. Preston Cummings* was installed 
Pastor of the church. He was dismissed in Oct. 1835. 

In 1837, Rev. Jonathan King labored for a time with 
this people. 

In April, 1838, Rev. John Shaw commenced his labors 
as stated supply and acting Pastor. He continued till 
March, 1843. 

In Jan. 1844, Rev. Joseph H. Bailey was ordained 
Pastor. Nov. 9th, of the same year, he died, much la- 

Rev. George Brown, Rev. Mr. Newton, Rev. Wales 
Lewis and Rev. B. W. Fuller, have been since that time 
employed as stated supplies. 

Second Congregational Society in Dighton. 

There was considerable dissension in Dighton the latter 
part of the last century, connected with the location of 

* Rev. Mr. Cummings has recently published a work on Congrega- 
tionalism, -which exhibits much research, and is a valuable book for ref- 
erence on that subject. 


the meeting-liouse. Kev. Mr. Smith, desiring to make 
peace between the parties, undertook to preach in both 
sections of the town, and for a time succeeded in prevent- 
ing a division. On his leaving however, a permanent sep- 
aration took place, and when Mr. Warren was settled in 
the west part of the town, where the " Brick meeting- 
house " now stands, the " Lower Society," as it is called, 
located themselves on the border of the river, and invited 
to settle with them Rev. Abraham Gushe, their first and 
present minister. Mr. Gushe is a native of Raynham, a 
graduate of Brown University, in 1798, and was ordained 
in Dighton, Sept. 23, 1803. He has therefore nearly 
completed his half century in the Pastoral office in the 
same place — a rare thing in these days of frequent remov- 

Calvinist Baptist Church and Society. 

There is a Baptist Society in Dighton, on the borders 
of Rehoboth, which, according to the Minutes of the , 
" Taunton Baptist Association," was constituted in 1780, 
and is one of the oldest* in the region. One Elder Goff, a 
gifted but uneducated man, preached there more than half 
a century ago, and his ministry was of some length. 

The Calvinistic portion of the church now have a house, 
and maintain separate worship at the " Lower Four Cor- 
ners," not far from Mr. Gushe's. The succession of Min- 
isters in this Church either branch of it is unknown to 
me. The Calvinist Church are now without a Pastor. 

* The oldest is located in Swanzey, dating back as far as 1763. The 
churches in North Attleboro', Norlh Taunton, now Norton, Dighton, 
and the 1st in Fall River, are of nearly equal antiquity. The Baptist 
Church in Seekonk also existed prior to this century. 


Christian Baptist Church. 

This portion of the ancient Baptist Society worship in 
the old place near the Dighton and Rehoboth line. 

Second Christian Baptist Church. 

This Church is planted in the north-east part of Digh- 
ton, in a manufacturing village, called North Dighton, and 
is of comparatively recent origin. 

Methodist Episcopal Church. 

This is located in North Dighton, and has existed about 
twenty-five years, with the usual change in that denomina- 
tion of ministerial labor. 




If our supposition with regard to the origin of the name 
given to Taunton North Purchase, at the time of its in- 
corporation as Norton he correct, we may suppose the 
same idea was in the mind of the settlers of the easterly 
part of the Purchase, then included in Norton, when in 
1725, or fourteen years after the incorporation of Norton, 
they applied for a charter, and gave their new town the 
name of Easton. 

The earliest " Book of records of the Church of Christ 
in Easton," bears date " October 10th, Anno Domini, 
1748." The church was organized probably many years 
before, but precisely how long we do not certainly know. 

Rev. Matthew Short was the first Pastor in Easton. 
This is the only statement in the records of the church 
concerning him. Mr. Short graduated at Harvard Uni- 
versity in 1707, and was the first minister of the town of 
Attleboro'. He was settled there, Nov. 12, 1712, and 
was dismissed May 31, 1715.* It was not many years 
probably after his dismission, that he was installed Pastor 
over the new church in Easton. He closed his life among 
the people of his pastoral charge. His sepulchre is with 
them to this day. Rev. William Reed, a son of one of 

* Vide Am. Quart. Register, for Nov. 1839. 



Mr. Short's successors, has furnished me with the inscrip- 
tion on his stone.* 

"In memory of ye Rev'd Mr. MatthcAv Short. De- 
ceased April ye 16th, 1731, in ye 44th year of his age. 

The sweet remembrance of ye Just, 
Shall flourish when he sleeps in dust." 

It has been statedf that one Farrar, officiated 

as minister for a time after Mr. Short's death, and was 
actually installed, but nothing is known of him. Follow- 
ing " the records," Rev. Joseph Belcher is to be consid- 
ered " the second Pastor." " He was dismissed from tho 
Pastoral office Anno Domini 1744." The traditional ac- 
count is, that he became deranged, and died a lunatic. 
There were graduates of Harvard University bearing his 
name, in the years 1690 and 1723, who entered the min- 
istry. Which, if either, was the minister of Easton, is 
not ascertained. 

Rev. Solomon Prentice, " son of Solomon, born in 
Cambridge, May 11, 1705, "| succeeded Mr. Belcher in . 
the Pastoral office. He graduated at Cambridge in 1727, 
and was installed Pastor in Easton, Nov. 18, 1747. Rev. 
Messrs. Leonard of Plymouth, Goddard and Eaton of Lei- 
cester, Balch of Dedham, Porter of Bridge water, and Crock 
er of Taunton were present and took part in the services of 

* At the same time he sent me the epitaph on the monument of anoth* 
er mmister, of an earlier date, but whether he officiated in Easton or 
elsewhere I am unable to say. The following is a fac-simile : 
"HERE - LISE - THE - BoDY - 
T H E • 1 3 ■ " 
t See Quart. Register, already quoted. 
t Ms, letter of Rev. Mr. Blake. 



Installation. He had been previously settled in Grafton,* 
■where lie was ordained Dec. 29, 1731, and dismissed July 
10, 1717, four months prior to his Installation in Easton. 
It was the same year with the settlement of Mr. Prentice, 
that the Church perceiving that there was no Covenant to 
be found,! thought it expedient to procure one agreeable 
to the Scripture, and sign and subject themselves unto it, 
which accordingly they did, and it is as follows : 


We, the Subscribers, Members of the Church of Christ 
in Easton, mett together the Sixth day of April A. Domi- 
ni 1747, Apprehending itt our duty under our present cir- 
cumstances, solemnly and explicitly to renew our covenant 
with God, Do therefore personally present ourselves this 
day in the holy presence of God, to transact with him this 
important affair of His Kingdom and Glory ; and humbling 
ourselves before the Lord for all our sms, and the sins of 
ours, earnestly praying for pardoning Mercy and Reconcil- 
iation with God, through the Blood of our Lord Jesus, and 
for the Gracious Presence and assistance of His Holy 
Spirit, imder a deep sense of our own weakness, and un- 
worthyness, and with an Humble Confidence of His favor- 

* He received his call in Grafton, June 24, 1731, on "£90 passable 
money, or bills of credit, as money now passes from man to man, or as 
the valuation of money shall be from time to time, or as said money ris- 
es and falls." £10 were afterwards added. (^Wi^^son's Century Ser- 
mon of Grafton — pub. 1847. Worcester.) 

t Mr. Belcher, in his insanity, either destroyed or carried away the 
church covenant and records — as appears from the following church 
action : '" Proposed to knoAV who were members of the church of Christ 
in this town ; and in order hereunto, it was proposed to choose a com- 
mittee to wait upon Mr. Belcher, late Pastor in this place, to know 
of him whether there were in his hands, or whether he knew anything 
of a covenant this church had submitted unto, and to intreat him, if he 
had any, to deliver it up to said committee, as also any other records he 
had in his hands, that belonged or related to tliis chmxh." It is suppos- 
ed the application was fruitless. 


able acceptation : Each of us for ourselves, and all of us 
jointly together, do renewedlj enter into Covenant with 
God, and one with another, in the terms following, that is 
to say, 

First of all, We do avouch the Lord Jehovah, Father, 
Son, and Holy Ghost for our Portion, and Chiefe Good, 
and give up ourselves. Body and Soul to Him, to be His 
Servants, promising by His aid and assistance, to love Him, 
fear Him, trust in Him, and yield obedience to Him, in all 
things, all ye days of our Lives. 

2dly. Whereas the Son of God in our nature is Exalted 
as a Prince and a Savior, the only Mediator of ye New 
Covenant, and Means of coming unto God, We do there- 
fore through Grace, accept of Him, according to ye Ten- 
ner of ye Gospel offer, that is to say, as the Prophet, Priest 
and King of our Immortal souls, purposing and promising 
to attend His teachings by His Word and Spirit — to lean 
on His Merrit and Litercession with the Father, as the 
only way for ye obtainment of ye pardon of our sins, the 
favour of God, and continuance therein ; and finally the 
subduing all our Enemies, and workuig all His works in us 
and for us. 

3d. Whereas there are different apprehensions among 
those that profess Christianity, with respect to ye Doctrine 
of Religion : We do declare our consent and adherence 
to the Westminster Assembly's Shorter Catechism, appre- 
hending in our Judgment and Conscience that it is agree- 
able to the Word of God. 

4th. Whereas God has promised to be a God unto His 
People, and their Children after them, We do therefore 
dedicate our children to the service of God in Jesus Christ, 
promising that we will seasonably bring those of them that 


are unbaptized to Jesus Christ in the Ordinance of Bap- 
tism, and as they grow into years of understanding, in- 
struct them in ye Nature, use and End, of that ordinance, 
and into the Principles of ye Christian Rehgion, (so far as 
need is ;) That Ave will sett good Examples of Righteous- 
ness, Piety, and Sobriety before them — Restrain them as 
•we are able, from being carried away with ye Temptations 
of their age and time ; Endeavoring that they may be pre- 
pared for the enjoyment of Christ in all His Ordinances ; . 
and, finally, be much in prayer to God for their Conver- 
sion and Salvation. 

6th. We promise that we will (by the help of God) 
avoid all ye Superstitions and Inventions of men in the 
Worship of God, as Derogatory from the Sovereignty and 
Wisdom of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Supream Head of 
His Church ; that we will not scandalously absent ourselves 
from any part of Instituted Worship : Do what in us lies 
to prepare ourselves for upholding and improving all the 
Ordmauces of Christ, to the spiritual benefit and advan- 
tage of our souls — Leaning upon the promise, that God 
"will meet those that Rejoyce in, and Work Righteousness, 
and Remember Him in His Ways. 

6th. We promise (by the help of God) that we will, 
with as much frequency as may be, Read, or cause ye 
Word of God to be Read in our Houses or families, that 
so the Word of God may dwell rightlj^ within us ; Season- 
ably and Constantly upholding the Worship of God there, 
and attending the same with sincerity and affection. 

7th. Whereas we have given up Ourselves to ye Lord 
and to one another, in the Lord, We purpose and promise, 
that we will live together in holy fellowship and all holy 
watchfulness over each other, to the prevention off, or re- 


CO very from anj Scandalous Evils that through ye temp- 
tations of Satan, or corruptions of our own heart, we may 
at any time be overtaken with — That we will be as speedy 
as may be, in making up any diflference that may arise, in 
some Orderly way ; Endeavoring also the temporal and 
spiritual good of one another. 

8th. We promise that (by the help of God) we will 
have respect unto all the Duties enjoined in the 2d Table,- 
as being necessary Parts of a right ordered Conversation ; 
Particularly be true and faithful to all our CivU Contracts 
and agreements with one another, and with all men we 
may have to do with, that so none may have occasion to 
speak evil of our Profession. 

9th, and finally, where as there is a strong Propensity in 
our Natures to do what is evil, and sinful, we purpose and 
promise, that (by the help of God's Spirit) We will keep 
our hearts, and Mortifie those Lusts that dwell in us ; 
Avoiding all such temptations as our sinful hearts are wont 
to be drawn aside withall ; and that we may keep this 
Covenant Inviolable forever in all the Branches of itt, We 
desire to deny Ourselves, not trusting in our own Wisdom' 
or Strength, humbly and believingly Depending upon God, 
in and through Jesus Christ, and the presence of His Holy 
Spirit with us, and where we come short, there to wait on 
Him for pardon, and healing for His Name's sake. 

(Signed) Solomon Prentice,* Pastor ; Thomas Randall, 
Ephraim Randall, Israel Randall, Edward Hay ward, Jo- 
seph Crossman, Seth Babbitt, John Phillips, Jr., Thomas. 
Pratt, Joseph Drake, Eliphalet Leonard, Thomas Allger) 
Benj. Drake, John Selle, Nath, AUger, Joshua Phillips, 

* Mr. Prentice probably signed it after his Installation. It was eu« 
tered into by the brethren several months before. 



James Pratt, Samuel Phillips, Robert Randall, Solomon 
Hewitt, Greorge Kejzar, Benajah Smith, Nath. Perry, 
James Stacj, Samuel Randall, Thomas Drake, Samuel 
Drake, James Pratt, Jr., John Whitman, Jr., Jos. Cross- 
man, Jr., Jonathan Lothrop, John Drake, Jr., Abraham 
Drake, Mathew Hayward, Ebenezer Phillips, Wetherell 
Wittum, Thos. Randall, Jr., Israel Randall, Jr., Josiah 
Perrj, Joseph Randall, James Dean, John Kinsley, Sam. 
Phillips, Jr., Ebenezer Ames, David Newland, John Drake, 
Henry Howard, Benj. Pettingill, Samuel Briggs, Daniel 
Niles. Presbyterians admitted : "VYilliam Pratt, Jr. 

" The names of the women, members of the church of 
Christ in Easton follow." Of these there are sixty re- 

The ministry of Mr. Prentice was far from peaceful. 
There were two parties in the church, one of them under 
the direction of the Pastor, and the other following the 
lead of Edward Hayward, Esq. A Council was called, in 
1752, which, in their Result, reprove both parties, but fail 
of healing the difficulties. " The Council sat two days, 
hearing the parties, and drew up a long Result, in which," 
according to the Records, " not a word was said upon, or 
about the main, yea, only thing for which they were sent 
to, but blaming each party in some things, remote from the 
main business, upon the whole advised, that we all speedily 
meet together, to appoint a day for solemn Fasting and 
Prayer, on account of ye many sins committed in this day 
of temptation, and send for some neighboring ministers to 
assist in the solemnities thereof, and to proceed on said 
day, solemnly to renew the covenant the church came into 
previous to Mr. Prentice's Installment among them, pre- 
paratory to their attending the Lord's Supper together, 


which Result being left ye Council adjourned (Sine die) 
and went off." 

They certainly left very good advice to a divided, dis- 
turbed church. The Result was adopted by the church, 
and " June 12th was appointed to be the Day of said so- 
lemnities," which Rev. Messrs. Porter, Crocker and Dodge 
were invited to attend. The day came and passed away 
without any permanent advantage. 

Mr. Prentice, thinking the source of their continued 
difficulties was in their form of church government, advis- 
ed a change, and a majority of the church voted to attach 
themselves to a Presbytery ; but this worked no better, 
and at length, the Presbytery at a session m Easton, Nov. 
12, 1754, judged Mr. Prentice unqualified for " the office 
of a Bishop ;" and gave him a temporary discharge from 
Pastoral labor. 

All that we know about it, is left on the Book of Records 
in the handwriting of the misguided, yet sincere, truly af- 
flicted minister,* in these words : " Because I had received 
a few of my fellow creatures (and fellow christians, so far 
as I knew) into my house, and suffered them to pray and 
talk about the Scriptures, and could not make any acknowl- 
edgement therefor, to some of my Brethren who were of- 
fended thereatt, nor to the Presbytery, Voted, that he, the 
said S. Prentice be suspended from the discharge of the 
public ministry, until the Presbytery meet again next April. 
Because by said vote I was deprived of the small subsis- 
tence I had among my people in Easton, I thought it nec- 

=* Eev. Mr. Blake of Mansfield, who is preparing a history of the 
Mendon Association, the oldest in the State, and has had occasion to 
examine its papers, remarks concerning Prentice : " he seems to have 
been a kind of ' New Light." Have documents about him in our Asso- 
ciational papers, rfisfellowshipping him. A heap of items." 


essary for the Honour of God, and good of mj family, to 
remove to Grafton, wliicli accordingly was done, April 9tli, 
1755. N'.B. — I have never heard a word from the Pres- 
bytery, neither by letter, nor otherwise, nor they from me, 
from the day of my suspension to this day, viz : Sept. 5, 
1755." Mr. Prentice died in Grafton, May 22, 1773, 
aged sixty-eight.* 

Rev. Archibald Campbell, son of the minister of Ox- 
ford, and a graduate of Cambridge in 1761, succeeded 
Mr. Prentice as Pastor of the Church in Easton. He 
was ordained, Aug. 17, 1763, and remained in office until 
July 31, 1782,t for a period of nineteen years. 

Rev. William Reed succeeded Mr. Campbell. I have 
received the following sketch of Mr. Reed's personal his- 
tory and ministry from his son, Rev. David Reed : 

" Rev. William Reed, of Easton was the son of William 
Reed:|: and Silence Nash of Abington, in Plymouth county, 
Mass. He was born on the 8th of June, 1755. § His 
boyhoood and youth were spent in the usual engagements 
and labors of New-England farmers' sons of that day. 
Having enjoyed during this period the advantages of a 
religious home, he became early established in christian 
principles and exemplary habits of life. At about the age 
of nineteen so strong and decided was his interest in re- 
ligious subjects, that he expressed to his parents the desire 
to obtain a collegiate education with a view to the ministry, 

=* Mr. Blake's ms. Letter. 

t The Am. Quart. Eegister gives a later date, but I follow the church 

J He was the son of Jacob Reed of Abington, who was the son of "Wil- 
liam Reed of Wejonouth, who was the son of William Reed, who came 
from England and settled in "Weymouth about the year 1 634. 

§ It was Sabbath morning, and in the afternoon of the same day he 
was carried two miles on horseback to be baptized. 


having had thus far no other advantages of instruction, than 
those furnished in the then very imperfect ^Yinter schools 
of his native town. But domestic circumstances prevent- 
ed his entering on his preparatory studies till the age of 
twenty-one. At that time, June, 1776, (having still the 
settled purpose of eventually preparing for the ministry,) 
he enlisted as a soldier in the American army then station- 
ed at Roxbury, in the siege of Boston. 

At the expiration of his term of enlistment, having re- 
alized enough from his wages to procure the necessary 
books, he commenced his studies preparatory for college, 
with Rev. Solomon Reed, of Titicut parish, Middleboro'. 
He entered Cambridge college in 1778, was graduat- 
ed in 1782, and entered at once on the study of Divinity 
with his old teacher and relative, Rev. Mr. Reed, of Titicut. 

The term of preparation, at that time, was much less 
than at present. Having arrived at manhood before he 
entered college, and having chosen his course of reading, 
during his collegiate life with reference to his intended pro- 
fession, he devoted but a single year, after leavuig college, 
to the studies preparatory to the ministry. 

Mr. Reed commenced preaching in the autumn of 1783. 
After officiating Avith acceptance in several vacant parishes, 
he was invited to settle as pastor of the Congregational 
church and Society in Easton, and was ordained on the 
21st of April, 1784.* 

^ On the 20th of May following, Mr. Reed was married to Miss Olive 
Pool, — then at the age of seventeen — third daughter of Samuel Pool 
and Ruth FuUerton, of Bridgewater. The children from this connec- 
tion wore seven sons and two daughters, one of whom died in infancy. 
The seven sons and one daughter are still living. 

After the death of her husband, Mrs. Reed remained in widowhood 
amongst her husband's people, upwards of forty years, beloved and res- 
pected for her peace-loving spirit, her gentleness and sweetness of tem- 
per, and her consistent and exemplary christian life. She died on the 


The ministry of Mr. Eeed may Tbe truly called a suc- 
cessful one. Though not distinguised by instances of ex- 
traordinary religious excitement, yet, considering its limit- 
ed duration, — only about twenty-five years — it proved 
the most important instrument, apparently, of a remarka- 
ble reformation in the moral character of the town, whose 
reputation, in most of the neighboring region, had for 
years previously been very low. The staid and religious 
character of the first settlers of the town, with some hon- 
orable exceptions, had not been generally maintained by 
their descendants, many of whom fell into the vices then 
common to new settlements. And these moral dangers 
and tendencies had been aggravated in this place probably, 
and the tone of society and morals disturbed and injured, 
by the fact that the two preceding ministries had been far 
from peaceful and profitable. There was room then, as 
well as a loud call, for reform. And it was accomplished, 
as became manifest to all observers, so that at the time of 
Mr. Reed's decease, Nov. 16, 1809, (at the age of fifty- 
four,) the reputation of the town, as to its maintenance of 
order and exemplary morals, stood on a full equality with 
its neighbors. 

This reform, however, aided under Providence, by the 
increase of knowledge and the general progress of society, 
was effected not suddenly and with noise, but gradually 
and quietly as the natural result, so far as his influence 
was felt, of a faithful devotion to his duties as a preacher 
and pastor, enforcing all by his own steady and pure chris- 
tian example. 

26th of March, 1850, at the age of eighty-three ; and her eight surviving 
children, from distant locations, all in health, and at the average age of 
fifty-four, after thirty-five years separation gathered around her bier at 
the old homestead, to mingle their tears and prayers, and to lay her pre- 
cious dust by the side of that of their honored aiid lamented father. 


As a preacher, Mr. Reed was principally distinguished 
for great plainness and simplicity of statement, and direct- 
ness of address. Though not deficient in logical power, 
the strong hold which he generally obtained of the atten- 
tion of his hearers, was much less frequently the result of 
dispassioned argument, than of his greatly earnest and 
home-thrusting appeals to the heart. In the construction 
of his sermons, contrary to the somewhat prevalent cus- 
tom of some of his contemporaries, he scrupulously avoid- 
ed' all startling, paradoxical statements and niceties 
of metaphysical discussion, as worse than unprofitable, and 
tending rather to bewilder than to guide ; whilst on the 
other hand he aimed and labored with apostolic zeal by 
plainness of speech and direct personal appeal to enforce 
the duties of devotion and practical righteousness. 

Such a ministry, comparatively short as it was, could 
not be without marked efiect on the religious and devotion- 
al as well as the moral character of the people. And, 
happily at the close of his ministry its influence seemed to 
be set home and sealed in the minds of both old and young 
by the event of his death. Respected and beloved as he 
was by his people, and cut off in the midst of his useful- 
ness, that event left on their minds a general seriousness, 
and a more than ordinary susceptibility of religious im- 
pressions ; a well prepared soil in which it may be hoped 
the seed before and after sown has, through the divine 
influence, often been ripened, and for long generations to 
come is to be ripening into fruit for the kingdom of heaven." 

William Reed, Esq., another son of the minister of Eas- 
ton, has furnished me with a MS. Sermon, No. 250, which 
is probably a fair specimen of his father's style of sermoniz- 
ing. It is inserted entire. 


IN 17 84. 

Jonah i. 6. 

What meanest tJiou, sleeper f arise, call upon thy Cfod. 

WE shall now proceed in our subject bj making some 
observations upon the sinner's arising and calling upon 

his God. 

Sinners, although dead in trespasses and sins in a moral 
view, yet they have natural life, and natural powers and 
faculties, and are capable of hearing and receiving in- 
struction in the great things of religion. 

They are capable of reflecting upon themselves, upon 
death, Judgment and their connexion with eternity, and 
they are capable of calling upon God for pardon and sal- 

I don't know that any body disputes, or disbelieves 
this. If they do, I appeal to every child of God in this 
house and ask whether they did not reflect upon themselves, 
upon their dangerous situation by nature, and cry to God 
for mercy, before they ever tasted the love of Christ, or 
were reconciled to God in the spirit and temper of their 
minds. And I presume they will all answer and say they 

God commonly works by means, both in the Kingdom 
of nature and the Kingdom of grace. He gives us the 
things that are necessary for our subsistence here by 
means. He causes the Sun to shine and the rain to de- 
scend to warm and water the earth, to make it fruitful 
and bring forth food and raiment for man ; and our labour 

reed's sermon in 1784. 205 

is required and necessary to prepare it for use. It is 
true is comes from God, it is his gracious gift, but it is 
given in his own way, the way of his own appointment. 

The Savior when on earth saw fit to use means in pro- 
ducing a miracle, which he could easily have accomplished 
with a word's speaking. When he was about to open the 
eyes of a man that was born blind, he spat on the ground 
and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of 
the blind man with the clay, and said unto him. Go wash 
in the pool of Siloam, which is by interpretation Sent ; he 
went his way therefore and washed, and came seeing — 
John ix. 6, 7. 

So in the kingdom of grace, God works by means. In 
the great work of regeneration He uses means, to open 
the eyes of the mind and bring dead sinners to spiritual 
life. He makes use of his written word and a preached 
gospel; he also makes use of his providences to awaken 
and call up the attention of sinners. 

God not only uses means, but also requires sinners to 
be in the diligent use of those means that he hath put into 
their hands for that purpose. 

Can any body suppose, when the Lord Jesus Christ 
anointed the eyes of the blind man with clay, and told him 
to go and wash in the pool of Siloam, that he would have 
received his sight if he had not gone and washed accord- 
ing to the direction ? 

I can't see what reason there is to suppose that he 

Now God tells sinners to search the Scriptures. He 
also tells them to seek the Lord while he may be found, to 
call upon him while he is near, to ask and they shall re- 
ceive, to see and they shall find, to knock and it shall be 


opened to them. Now can a sinner have any reason to 
hope or expect that his spiritual eyes will be opened, unless 
he attends to and follows those directions, any more than 
the blind man had that his natural eyes would be opened 
without going and washing in the pool according to the 
direction of our Saviour ? 

It is true that when the sinner has done all that God 
requires of him, he is an unprofitable servant, and must be 
saved, if ever he is saved, by rich, free, sovereign grace. 
But this is the way in which God sees fit to prepare the 
sinner to receive this grace. What meanest thou, sleep- 
er ? arise, attend to those things and call upon God. What 
is meant by calling upon God, is Prayer. The Idea is 
arise and Pray. 

Much is impUed in the Idea of calling upon God, or in 

Prayer to God implies that the person believes there is 
a God, a God that can hear and has power to grant the 
thing asked for. 

It also imphes some sense of obligation, and a sense of 
need. Persons never pray to God or ask his help unless 
they feel some need of it. 

We hear nothing about the mariners, that were in the 
ship with the Prophet praying till they saw their danger. 
When they saw that they were hke to be swallowed up by 
the raging waves and perish in the Sea, they cry every 
man to his God. So it is with an awakened sinner, when 
his eyes are opened to see that he is in a perishing condition, 
liable every moment to be swallowed up in the sea of God's 
wrath ; he will cry to God to have mercy on him. And 
the sinner under the light of the Gospel has infinitely 
higher reason to hope that he shall be heard and answered 

reed's sermon in 1784. 207 

than the mariners had, for we know not that they had any 
knowledge of God but from the hght of nature ; but the 
sinner under the hght of the gospel has a clear revelation 
of the mind and will and character of God. From the 
gospel the sinner has the most encouraging invitations to 
pray, yea, the most positive command to pray. 

Pray without ceasing, pray always, pray with all prayer 
is the language of God to us in his word. 

God hath prepared the way for our approach to him by 
the gift of his only begotten and well beloved Son. 
He was once in our world despised and rejected of men, a 
man of sorrow and acquainted with grief, but is now exalt- 
ed at God's right hand to intercede for us, and present 
our supplications and prayers before his Father's throne. 

Through him God can consistently with himself and all 
his perfections hear our prayers and communicate his grace 
and salvation to us. The arms of divine mercy are open- 
ed to receive every repenting, returning sinner. 

And the storm of God's wrath is gathering over the 
head of every sinner that continues in his state of rebel- 
lion against his King and Judge. 

Every sinner that has not fled to Jesus, the city of ref- 
uge, is under the wrath of an incensed God. 

It seems that some in this place of late have been made 
sensible of this their situation, and have waked up from 
their security in sin, under the influence of the Divine 
Spirit, and have called upon God for his pardoning mercy, 
and we hope are still daily crying to him for help. Let 
such be directed to go on seeking, till they find the pearl 
of great price, till they find Christ precious to their souls. 
Let them not return again to the ways of folly, like the 
dog to his own vomit, and like the sow that was washed to her 


"wallowing in the mire. Knowing that the last state of 
such a person is worse than the first. There are others, 
and we have reason to fear there are many, that are asleep 
and secure in sin, and cast oif fear and restrain prayer 
before God. 

Are there not those among ns, that constantly live in 
the neglect of prayer ? If there are such persons, they 
may be assured that they are yet in the gall of bitterness 
\nd under the bonds of iniquity. For prayer is forever 
the breath of the new-born soul. Let me, my brethren, 
inquire more familiarly of you whether you do live in the 
practice or the neglect of the important duty of prayer ? 
What has been your conduct to-day ? Suffer me to ask your 
consciences this plain question, whether you have prayed 
to God this day — whether you have in secret poured out 
your hearts to God ? Your consciences will answer this 
question to yourselves. Does it not answer in the nega- 
tive -with many of you ? 

Permit me to ask heads of families, whether they have 
to-day prayed with their families ? What says conscience 
to this question ? Does it answer no to many of you ? If 
conscience does not do its office let me appeal to your chil- 
dren and families, and see whether they are not witnesses 
against you for this neglect. And will they not appear 
swift witnesses against you hereafter at the great and ter- 
rible day of 'account, if you continue to neglect this im- 
portant duty ? What meanest thou, sleeper ? Do you 
mean to continue in this neglect of God and Religion ? Do 
you mean to continue in the neglect of this important duty 
of prayer, so essential to Christianity ? You that are 
heads of famihes, do you intend to live and die without 
ever praying with your families ? or if you intend some 


time or other to begin the duty, when ? Why not to-day ? 
When will you have a better opportunity ? Or do you 
intend to neglect the duties of religion and take the fatal 
consequences, and lie down in eternal sorrows ? Resolve 
what you intend to do and be sure to make a wise and fixed 

Rev. Luther Sheldon, d. d., a native of Rupert, Vt., 
in 1785, and a graduate of Middlebury College in 1808, 
succeeded Mr. Reed in the Pastoral office at Easton. He 
was settled Oct. 24, 1810, and still "dwells among" his 
" own people." 

Second Congregational Qlmreh. 

A division occurred in the original parish in 1828,* and 
a portion of the church and society have been supplied 
■with the ministrations of the following persons ; Rev. John 
Sweet; Rev. Mr. Taylor; Rev. Mr. Dudley; Rev. S. A. 
Barnard ; Rev. Paul Dean ; Rev. William A. Whitwell ; 
who is the present minister. f 

Epi8C023al Methodist Church. 

This church was organized, (according to Mr. Reed's 
recollection,) in North Easton, " about fifty years ago." 

The Protestant 3Iethodist Cliurch^ 

is "an ofishoot from the former, and erected their first 
house of worship some seven years since. "J 

* Ms. Letter of B. C. Dunbar, Esq. Eev. "Wm. Eeed of Easton 
thinks the separation took place in 1833. I wrote Eev. Dr. Sheldon on 
the subject weeks since, but haA^e received no answer. 

t Letters of Messrs. Dunbar and Eeed. 

I This is a statement of Mr. Eeed, son of the former minister of Eas- 
ton. Mr. Dunbar thinks " the Protestant Society is of about sixty years 
standing, the Episcopal of about twelve years." Probably Mr. Eeed is 
correct, and the Episcopal branch is the oldest. They are both located 
in the north part of the town, in the " Ames village," about two miles 
from the centre. 



Roman CatJiolie Church. 

This is situated in North Easton, and has been in exis- 
tence "about one year. They have preaching, one service, 
every other Sabbath, and the largest congregation of wor 
shippers in town." (Mr. Reed, of Easton, is my inform 




Raynham -was a part of the original "Tetiquet Pur- 
chase " in 1637. It was in this part of the ancient Taun- 
ton, that James Leonard, Henry Leonard and Ralph Rus- 
sel erected their extensive Iron Works.* 

In 1731, there was a settlement of some thirty families, 
which seemed sufficient to authorize the petition for a dis- 

* The town of Taunton, (Oct. 21, 1652,) caused the following entry 
to be made on their Book of Eecords : " It was agreed and granted by 
the town to the said Henry Leonard, and James Leonard, his brother, 
and Ralph Russel, free consent to come hither, and join with certain of 
our inhabitants to set up a bloomary work on the Two Mile River. It 
was agreed and granted by a free vote of the town, that such particular 
inhabitants, as shall concur together with the said persons in their de- 
sign, shall have free liberty from the town so to do, to build and set up 
this work, and that they shall have the woods on the other side of the 
Two Mile River, wheresoever it is common on that side of the river, to 
cut for their cord-wood to make coals, and also to dig and take mine or 
ore, at Two Mile Meadows, or in any of the commons, appertaining to 
the town, where it is not now in propriety." Accordingly James and 
Henry Leonard with their associates established their " bloomary," where 
now are the " anchor works " of Theodore Dean, Esq., a descendant in 
two lines of the Leonards who obtained leave of the town in 1652, to 
erect an establishment which for two centuries has been tminterruptedly 
and successfully carried on by some member of the family. Hemy 
Leonard left Taunton for Lynn, and afterwards Rowley; thence he went 
to New-Jersey; in all which places he established Iron Works. James 
remained in 'j'aunton, and is the progenitor of the Leonards of Taun- 
ton, Raynham and Norton. King Philip, who had his summer residence 
in that part of Taunton, now called Raynham, was intimate with the 
Leonards, and liked them much. They repaired his guns, and supplied 
his people with tools, and provisions. He charged his Indians never to 
hurt a Leonard — a charge which was faithfully kept. (Baylies' Histor- 
ical Memoir of Plymouth Colony, vol. ii. p. 268. Deane's Geneologi- 
cal Memoir of Leonard familv, p. 5. Sanford's Historical Sermon, 
Note C; 


tinct township. Abraham Jones was the principal peti- 
tioner. In their petition they represent the town as 
" competently filled with inhabitants." Their principal 
desire appears to have been, to be better accommodated 
as to Public Worship. The General Court incorporated 
them into a town, with this condition, " that the inhabitants 
of said town of Kajniham, do within the space of three 
years from the publication of this act, procure and settle 
a learned and orthodox minister of good conversation, and 
make provision for his comfortable and honorable support; 
and likewise provide a schoolmaster to instruct their youth 
to read and write." Their meeting-house was already 
built, but not entirely finished. " The first to^vn-meeting 
for the choice of town ofiicers w^as held the 22d of April, 
1731. On the 10th of May following, they assembled in 
tomi, that is, parish-meeting, and voted to pay all expen- 
ses incurred in building the meeting-house thus far, by 
levying a tax. At the same meeting, (a church not hav- 
ing been yet organized,) it was voted, to make choice of 
a muiister. Accordingly, 

Rev. John Wales, who had been preaching to them 
about one year, was chosen first minister of Raynham;"* 
which call, being unanimous, he saw fit to accept. In his 
letter of acceptance, he thus expresses himself: "I rejoice 
to see you thus united for the settlement of the Gospel 
amongst you, and can do no less than with gratitude ac- 
knowledge the respect that you have shown to me m giving 
me the offer of settling with you ; but as the work of the 

* Rev. Enoch Sanford, for many years, minister of Raj-nham, in an 
interesting Historical Discourse in 1 832, made tlie preceding statements. 
From him, quoting from the Parish Records, I Icam that Mr. "Wales' 
"salary at first was £100 per annum, old tenor; and he received £200 
settlement. His yearly income was afterwards increased to £400, old 
tenor, which was £53 6s. 8d. la^^^■lll money, or $178,77." 


Gospel ministry is hard and difficult, so I dare not rush 
myself into that office with precipitation, but have, as I 
hope,- sincerely laid the case before God by prayer, and 
earnestly sought direction from Him. Further, I have 
taken the advice of sundry of my fathers in the ministry. 
And therefore looking upon the call to come from Heaven, 
as well as from man, I dare not refuse it, but accept it, 
earnestly asking your prayers to God for me, that I may 
so faithfully acquit myself, in the office of a Gospel minis- 
ter, as to save my own soul, and those whom God shall 
commit to my watch and care." 

There is no official record of Mr. Wales' ordination, but 
in the hand-writing of Doctor Fobes, his immediate suc- 
cessor, I find it stated, in the first book of Records, that 
" he was ordained, as near as can be ascertained, Oct. 
20th5 1731," the day following the organisation of the 
church. Mr. Sanford supposes that the same council or- 
ganized the church and ordained Mr. Wales. The church 
consisted of the following persons dismissed from the 
church of Christ in Taunton : Abraham Jones, John Sta- 
ples, John Leonard, Samuel Hacket, Senior, Joseph Jones, 
Samuel Leonard, Seth Leonard, Samuel White, Ebenezer 
Campbell, John White, Gabriel Grossman, Jonathan Hall, 
Thomas Baker, Samuel Hacket, Jr., Henry Crane, Han- 
nah White, Mary Hacket, Katharine Leonard, Hannah 
Campbell, Susanna White, Hannah Staples, Mehitable 
White, Ruth Crane, Elizabeth Shraw, Mary Jones, Joanna 
Leonard, Abigail Hall, Lydia Brittain, Patience Hackett, 
Sarah Hall, Rebecca Leonard, Abigail Baker, fifteen 
males, and seventeen females.* John Staples and Samuel 
Leonard were chosen deacons. 

* A Book has been discovered among the papers of Rev. Thomas 
Clap, once a minister of Taunton, containing a portion of the Church 


Their first minister, according to the author of a Topo- 
graphical description of Raynham in the eighth volume of 
the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society,* 

Eecorcls during his ministry. In it I find the following: " At a church 
meeting held at the Public meeting-house in Taunton, Oct. 7, .1731, the 
request of Abraham Jones, &c., (enumerating all the names in the 
above list, but Henry Crane's,) all brctln-en and sisters in full commun- 
ion with this church, living in the town of Raynham, for a dismission, 
in order to their being incorporated into a church state by themselves, 
and thus have the Gospel ordinances administered among them, was 
read to the church. The church taking tlie matter into consideration, 
and approving their desires to be rcgiilar, voted, that they be dismissed 
accordingly, commending them to God and the word of His Grace, 
which is able to build them up, and to give them an inheritance among 
all those which are sanctified. At the same time, the request of several 
persons, who had only renewed their boptismal covenant, for a dismis- 
sion, was read ; upon which the church voted, that if any of them did 
desire to embody in a church state, with the aforesaid brethren and sis- 
ters, they might do it, Avithout any offense to this church." 

* In this article furnished the society by Doctor Fobes, it is also stat- 
ed that •' the first meeting-house was built the year preceding the Incor- 
poration of the town, when there were within its limits about thirty 
families. The fii'st meeting-house was conveniently situated for the first 
inhabitants, and continued as the place of worsliip for more than forty- 
two years, that is, until June 9th, 1773, when a new meeting-house was 
erected nearly in the centre of the town. The number of families in 
this town now, (1793,) is near two hiindred, which, according to the late 
census, contain about a thousand souls. Of this number nearly one 
sixth part are of the Baptist denomination. 

Raynham has been considered as one of the most patriotic towns in 
the State. The inhabitants, especially those who attend piiblic worship, 
have been distinguished for their zealous attachment to Republican Gov- 
ernment, to learning, to military discipline, and church music. 

The imanimity and ardor of their public decisions during the late war, 
their cautious but spirited exertions, their prompt and peaceable compli- 
ance with the numerous calls of Government, in the daj's of exigences 
and danger, are well known, and perhaps ought the rather to be remem- 
bered, as their patience long endured the trial of, and opposition, and 
the shock of ridicule, from tlic tongues, the pens, the public votes^ and 
contradicting examples of great numbers all around them. The people 
here can appeal to the living and to the dead, when they say, that not 
among this number was ever yet found either a toiy, a paper money man 
or insurgent. Fired at the name of insurgency, and hearing that a con- 
spiracy was formed to prevent the sitting of the October Court of 1786, 
the troops of this little town, consisting of two small companies, roused 
unanimous ; and at the first call of their leaders, mustered in arms, 
marched down to Taunton, entered the Court House as a preoccupant 
guard, there lay upon their arms through the whole of the night pre- 
ceding the day of the Court's sitting, and in open defiance of all the 
bloody threats of an unprincipled and outrageous mob, in constant ex- 


"was blessed Avith talents which rendered him very amia 
ble and entertaining in social life. In public prayer, his 
performances were eminent, and on some occasions, almost 
unequalled. He was a faithful, plain preacher; and hav- 
ing served in the Gospel ministry thirty-four years, he died 
February 23, 1765, in the sixty-sixth year of his age." 
His ministry continued thirty-four years. Mr. Wales 
graduated at Cambridge in 1728. He married Hazadiah, 
daughter of Deacon Samuel Leonard, " the fourth son of 
Thomas, the son of James Leonard." They were married 
November 8, 1733. Mrs. Wales died October 14, 1752, 
in the forty-first year of her age. Their son, Rev. Sam- 
uel Wales, D. D., a graduate of Yale College in 1767, 
" held the office of Professor of Divinity in that Institution. 
His son, Hon. John Wales, has been in the United States 
Senate from Delaware. Catharine, daughter of Rev. Mr. 
Wales of Raynham, married Samuel Montgomery, gradu- 
ate at Yale in 1773, a surgeon in the Revolutionary army. 
Their daughter, Catharine, is wife of Job Godfrey, Esq., 
himself a descendant."* Prudence, the eldest daughter 

pectation of hundreds in arras ready for battle, they stood firm, but 
alone, until the next day about noon, when by a reinforcement of troops 
from the County of Plymouth, and a number gleaned from different 
parts of the country, they formed, and under the command of General 
Cobb, the insurrection was crushed, the Supreme Court sat, and Govern- 
ment was triumphant. (See Minot's History of the Insurrection, p. 59.) 
Fi'om the whole county of Bristol, not another whole company appear- 
ed, except the two companies from Raynham. 

But that which gives this town a claim on public attention is the fact 
that here once lived Philip, the Indian King. Here they can mark the 
place and point it out to their children, saying, ' our ears have heard, 
our fathers have told us, there once lived the tawny chief, a terror that 
walked in darkness. On that spot of ground, stood his house ; my great 
grand parent knew him. He once sold him an ox for beef, and often 
supplied him ■with iron made with his own hands, in yonder forge, which 
he himself built, and the first America saw. There yet stands the friend- 
ly dome, the once well known gaiTison, to which our friends in numbers 
fled, eager for life, and panting in horror of Indian foes." 

* William R. Deane, (Gen. Mem. of Leonard family, p. 12,) who has 
sent me the following notice of the earlier ancestry of Rev. John Wales. 


of Mr. Wales, married his successor in the ministry, Doc- 
tor Fobes. 

Mr. Wales published nothing in his lifetime. William 
R. Deane, a descendant bj marriage, and Rev. Mr. Carver, 
present minister of Raynham, agree in saying that they 
never saw any production of his in print, with the single 
exception of a letter sent Rev. Mr. Prince in 1743, in at- 
testation to the wonderful Work of Grace which had been 
witnessed in the churches. It was published in the twen- 
ty-fourth number of the Christian History, in connection 
with other letters, being the fifteenth in order: 

" From the Rev. Mr. Wales, Pastor of the church in 
Raynham, in the County of Bristol. 

" I having lately been informed by the iniblic Prints, that 
it is the Desire of a number of Ministers in Boston, and 
elsewhere, that those of their Brethren in the ministry, 
ivJio are convinced, that the present Operation upon the 
3Iinds and Consciences of People in this Land, is the 
Worh of God, would meet in Boston the Bay after Com- 
mencement, to consult and advise what may be proper to 
be done for the promoting this good Work, and also to 
prevent those Imprudencies that in some places have been 
said to attend it; my Circumstances will not admit of my 
coming down. I therefore thought I would write a Line 
to let you know, that I most fij-mly believe the present Op- 

Nathaniel Wales came over with Richard Mather, in 1635, "was of 
Dorchester 1636. Perhaps the same who died in Boston 4 Dec'r 1661, 
leaving son Nath'l who died in Boston 1662." [Farmer.] His son 

Nathaniel was the father of Elder Nathaniel, who married Joanna , 

settled in Braintree about 1675, died 23d March 1718. Mr. Nathaniel 
Wales was a Deacon in the church at Braintree, and, " afterwards or- 
dained Ruling Elder, viz : Feb. 27, 1700, by Mr. Eiskc. The Rev. Peter 
Thacher of Milton, and Elder John Rogers of Weymouth, joining in 
the laying on of hands." [Hancock's Century Sermon, p. 23.] Elder 
Nathaniel was the father of Rev. John Wales of Ravnham. 


eration to he the Work of the Blessed God; and I, and 
many of mj Charge, shall I hope, forever bless and praise 
the Great God fo7' the great Display of His special 
G-race, He has lately made in this Place^ in hr'inging 
many souls savingly to close ivith Christ, and embrace 
Him according to the Gospel offer. 

"As to the Imprudencies SiYid. Irregularities thSbi have 
leen said to attend this blessed Work, I can say nothing 
about them ; for I have seen, (blessed be God for it,) few 
li'any of them. I should greatly rejoice, to have any 
Thing done, that might have a Tendency to promote this 
Work of the blessed God in this Land, and through the 
World ; and should be willing to have my ]Sfam,e annexed 
to any Thing that may be published for the promoting and 
encouraging this Work of God. In the general, I am full 
in my Thot's with Mr. Edivards in his Discourse, upon 
the present Revival of Religion, in five Parts; and am 
willuig to have my name set to what may be pubHshed 
consistent with that. It is my Purpose to give in my Tes- 
timony to this great and good Work, and an Account of 
the Rise and Progress of it among us, in a short Time ; 
and therefore shall not now enlarge. Praying that the 
Great Shepherd may lead His faithful Ambassadors into 
such Methods, and Measures, (on the Day of their Con- 
vention,) whereby His Glory may be advanced, and the 
Kingdom of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ be made 
to flourish everywhere, by Souls being brought into it ; 
Intreating an Interest in your Prayers to God for me, and 
my Charge, I subscribe myself your most unworthy Ser- 
vant in the Labours of the Gosp)el of the Blessed Jesus. 

John Wales. 

Raynham, July 4th, 1743." 


It is not known that Mr. Wales ever fulfilled his " Pur- 
pose " in giving additional " Testimony to this great and 
good WorJc,'' as he rejoiced to call it. This brief epistle 
reveals "the great and good heart" of this man of God. 
In the language of one* of his successors in the ministry 
of that place, referring to the letter, "his testimony is 
given strongly and with his whole heart." 

"During Eev. Mr. Wales' ministry, three hundred and 
fifty infants and adult persons were baptized, and one 
hundred and twenty-six persons admitted to full commun- 

Rev. Peres Fobes, ll. d., was the successor of Mr. 
Wales, and the second minister of Raynham.^ A very 
full account of the personal history and pastorate of Doc- 
tor Fobes has been prepared for this work by Rev. The- 
ophUus P. Doggett, son of Rev. Simeon Doggett, and thus 
grandson of Doctor Fobes. § 

* Eev. E. Carver. 

t Eev. Enoch Sanford's Historical Sermon. 

J The church made choice of Mr. Fobes the 29th of July, 1766, 
ahout two years after the death of Mr. Wales. Angus* 18th, the town 
concun-ed, and voted him a salary of ^78, ($260,) which was afterwards 
increased. The Churches and Pastors invited on the Ordaining Coun- 
cil were: Church in West Bridgewater, Eev. Mr. Perkins, Pastor; 
Church in Bridgewater, Eev. Mr. Shaw ; 1 st Church in Middleboro', 
Eev. Mr. Conant; Church in Berkley, Eev. Mr. Tobey; Church in No. 
Middleboro', Eev. Mr. Eeed ; Church in Middleboro', "Eev. Mr. Turner. 
Dea. Jonathan Hall, Israel Washburn, and Joseph Shaw signed the 
letters missive. The following notice of the ordination appear-ed in the 
Boston Evening Post, December 1, 1766: 

" Eaynham, November 19, 1766. This day was ordained, as Pastor 
" over the Church of Christ in this toivn — Mr. Peres Fobes. The Solem- 
" nity was carried on with great Decency, ilr. Solomon Reed began with 
'^ Prayer, Mr. Samuel Tbtey preached the >S'er??ioH from Collossians iv. 
"7th, these words '' A faithful Minister." Mr. Perkins gave the Charge; 
"after which Mr. Sylvanus Conant Prayed smd Mr. John Shaw ga^vc'the 
" Right Hand of Fellowship." 

§ Pedigree of Doctor Fobes, traced by his grandson, William E. 

John Fobos came from Duxbury, was one of the original proprietors 




y/ea^ c^ciie^ 




" There is no species of biography more beneficial to the 
reader than that of eminent divines. The perusal of the 
life and labors of those who have arisen to distinction in 
the other walks and professions of life, is not hkelj to 
produce so pure and elevating an influence upon the heai't. 
The life of the conqueror, the scholar and the statesman, 
if the biographer is faithful in his delineations of their ca- 
reer, is too frequently adapted to excite sentiments unfa- 
vorable to the cause of virtue and piety. The life of the 
conqueror may inspire a thirst for glory. But it is a glory 
inscribed in characters of blood on the perishable marble. 
The young mind may glow with aspirations for literary 
fame while he reads of the scholar's labors in the fields of 
science. He may feel a fervid ambition for office and 
honor while perusing the records of the statesman's popu- 
larity and political promotion. But in the mean time, his 
taste for devotion and his love for deeds of disinterested 
philanthropy may receive no improvement nor strength. 
But it is not so in respect to the lives of those who have 
reached a deserved distinction, by devoting them to the 
christian ministry. Few can give their attention to this 
kind of biography, without having their hearts improved 
and inspired with a disposition to imitate those who have 
been actuated by a motive higher than that of worldly 

Impressed with these considerations I have thought it 

of Bridgewater where he settled and died about 1661, leaving a son, 
Dea. Edward, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Howard, and 
died about 1732. Dea. Edward left son John, born 1679, who married 
Abigail Robinson, in 1704. and died about 1725. He left son Josiah, 
born 1716, who married Ereelove, daughter of Capt. Josiah Edson, in 
1739, and died 1794, aged 78. Josiah was the father of Rev. Doctor 
Fobes, who married Prudence, daughter of Rev. John Wal^s of Rayn- 
ham. He had two sons who died young. His daughter, Nancy, mar- 
ried Rev. S. Doggett ; daughter, Polly, married Rev. Elijah Leonard. 


might be useful to arrest from oblivion bj the few follow- 
ing pages, the life and labors of a man whose influence and 
success as a preacher and pastor, give him a claim to be 
ranked among the distinguished divines of New- England. 

The Rev. Perez Fobes w^as born in Bridgewater, Sep- 
tember 21st, 1742. His father originated from this place. 
His family consisted of twelve children, and he was long 
known as a worthy and enterprising farmer. His mother 
came from a respectable family by the name of Edson. 
She was a judicious woman, and united in her character 
to a high degree, the qualities of the christian. His pa- 
rents adopted the wise and just plan of allowing their chil- 
dren to choose their own profession, and to follow the orig- 
inal bent of their minds without exercising in this respect 
any influence upon their own determinations. In accord- 
ance with this plan the subject of this biography had not 
been expressly designed, as some sons are, by their parents 
for the profession of the ministry, nor for any particular 
pursuit. From this we may justly conclude that his choice 
of the sacred profession was the result of the promptings 
of his peculiar taste and genius. 

In his early days, though cheerful and full of life, and 
action, yet he was thoughtful and religiously disposed. 
This is evident from a Diary which, I am told, he kept 
while a youth. It appears from this that he early conse- 
crated himself to God and Christ and the christian minis- 
try. He was among the happy number who, like Timothy 
under the instruction and influence of pious parents, be- 
com^e religious and keep so from their youth up. In such 
instances no particular time of life will be remembered as 
marked with deep religious impressions. It was so in his 
case. His boyhood was also distinguished by devotedness 


and profound respect for his mother. He was not like 
those boys, who, when the father is absent, feel no restraint 
from the presence of the mother. It is probable that he 
imbibed much of religious trust and piety from a maternal 
source, as Timothy did from his mother Eunice. 

His mind was always active, and he loved books and 
study. But physical feebleness and want of health while 
young, considerably impeded his progress. Previous to 
commencing the study of Theology, he taught school. In 
this occupation he was successful. He thought his expe- 
rience in it qualified him when a minister, for greater use- 
fulness in superintending the common schools, in the wel- 
fare of which he was always ardently interested. 

He had high views of the literary and moral qualifica- 
tions which the ministerial office requires. Hence he en- 
tered upon it with a humiliating consciousness of his inad- 
equacy to the discharge of its weighty duties. This very 
feeling no doubt contributed to render him a burning and 
shining light in the church. As he often labored under 
bodily imbecility, he was always careful to seize those 
moments for study when he felt the best. Hence, although 
he had appropriated particular hours of the day and the 
night for mental labor, he often found it profitable to devi- 
ate occasionally from the plan he had adopted. His style 
of writing was earnest, flowmg, full of happy illustrations, 
and highly scriptural. His happy manner of quoting 
scripture, notwithstanding his style was familiar, and sim- 
ple, imparted to it an evangelical impressiveness. Hia 
familiarity with the language of the Bible secured to him 
an advantage which it is to be feared, many ministers now, 
do not fully appreciate. Next to the Bible, his favorite 
authors were Blair, Barrow, Tillotson, Sherlock, Price, 


Paley, Johnson, Addison. Frequent extracts from Shaks- 
peare and Pope, to be found in his old Manuscripts, seem- 
ed to show that he studied and admired those great poets. 
He wrote rapidly, and often left his sermon when but part- 
ly written, to be filled up by extemporaneous effort. All 
his composition commonly had the appearance of extempo- 
raneous production. The more a discourse is marked with 
this, to the most of hearers, the more engaging it becomes. 
When he spoke upon the evils of sin, his language was 
strong, persuasive and alarming. When he prepared a 
production for the Press, a deep solicitude for correctness 
and accuracy w^eighed painfully upon his mind. He would 
sometimes read some discourse, imbue his mind deeply 
with it, then write upon the subject of it, improving, if 
possible, upon the writer. At other times he would write 
first upon the subject, and then compare his trains of 
thought upon it with those of the writer. He was accus-" 
tomed to recommend both of these methods to young min- 
isters, affirming that they were well adapted to interest 
the mind, and call forth its vigor. 

As a Pulpit Orator, Doctor Fobes had but few equals. 
The tones of his voice were clear, sweet and strong. When 
earnestly engaged, no audience could slumber under his 
animating and thrilling enunciation. His attitude in the 
pulpit was dignified and commanding, his gestures natural 
and graceful. It is said that when he felt Avell, and be- 
came warmed and filled with his subject, his interest in it 
was so palpably displayed in his manner, that it seemed to 
descend from the pulpit, and pass like electricity from 
heart to heart Not merely females of tender sensibility, 
but the strong man who guarded well his heart, would find 
at times the influence of his impassioned eloquence steal- 


ing upon them silently and overwhelmingly. His power 
in the pulpit was not always every Sabbath felt to this de- 
gree, but frequently. Hence he was widely known as a 
popular preacher. His fame abroad was such, that people 
not unfrequently came from a distance to hear him. 

It was particularly in the devotional duties of the pro- 
fession, that Doctor Fobes excelled. However little at- 
tention comparatively these may receive from the majority 
of the ministers, it was his belief that the power of the 
ministry lie almost as much in the prayers, as the discours- 
es of the sanctuary. With this persuasion, it is believed 
that he devoted to this part of the sacred office more time 
and attention than ministers usually do. Although he was 
undoubtedly blessed with more than ordinary gifts, for it, 
yet he never would have attained to the excellence he did, 
without much anxious preparation of heart and diligent 
cultivation of mind. He was known to spend much time 
in retirement for private meditation. He cherished the 
devout affections by much secret communion with the Be- 
ing from whom cometh spiritual gifts. By such culture 
he attained to an eminence in devotional performances not 
often equalled. The two qualities which give every prayer 
a claim to be called excellent, are its fervency and its ap- 
propriateness to the occasion. These two qualities com- 
monly distinguished the devotions of Doctor Fobes. It 
may be proper and entertaining to relate here some instan- 
ces illustrative of the power and celebrity which he had 
acquired in this department of professional duty. 

On one occasion while officiating at the evening devo- 
tions of the College chapel, there came up suddenly a ter- 
rific thunder storm. During the time of prayer an awful 
clap of thunder startled the students assembled there. 


While the aspect of terror and dismay sat upon every 
countenance, Doctor Fobes calmly paused a moment, and 
then caught the inspiration of the occasion, and went into 
a strain of devotion so appropriate, so sublime and impres- 
sive, that every heart present was melted into penitence 
and filled with devout sentiments as it never was before. 
The pathos of his tones, and the heavenly engagedness 
manifested in his manner at the time, could not have been 
surpassed. While they produced in all a lasting religious 
impression, they subdued and quieted at the same time 
every rising emotion of fear that was agitating the assem- 

On another occasion, while the land was parching up 
under the effect of an alarming drought, during his prayer 
the heavens were suddenly overclouded, and suffering veg- 
etation was refreshed by a most copious rain. He had 
begun his devotional exercise mth the most fervent peti- 
tion for rain, but perceiving before he ended, this altera- 
tion in the weather, the whole congregation were struck 
with the wonderful facility with which he immediately 
adapted himself to the change in the same prayer, closing 
with the most earnest and sublime language of thanksgiv- 
ing for the reception of the blessing so soon after it was 

This fact and others similar to it reached the ears of 
neighboring and distant societies. The eloquence and 
efficacy of his prayers were described by those who heard 
them in such gloAving terms that the mass of the people in 
some places regarded Doctor Fobes with a respect that 
was mingled with superstitious feeling. On every great 
occasion in the county, his devotional services were sought. 
When a criminal was to be executed in former times, a vast 


concourse of people assembled, and all eyes were turned 
to Doctor Fobes as the officiating chaplain. As he gave 
expression to what one would suppose to be the criminal's 
dying prayer, there was always a pathos and thrilling so- 
lemnity in his manner, which made men feel that he was 
gifted from on High, and spoke the language of inspira- 

On three different occasions of Public Fasting, in conse- 
quence of long continued drought, he was called at Bridge- 
water to perform the public services. There is a tradition 
among the descendants of the eminent preacher in that 
place, that every time he came he went home with a wet 

Other mstances might be cited in proof of the reputa- 
tion which Doctor Fobes had acquired in this difficult part 
of a minister's official duty. But in a limited sketch like 
this, those already mentioned must suffice. It is just to 
remark here that in estimating his power over an audience 
in public devotion, v;e must remember there prevailed then 
among the people much more than now, a profound rever- 
ence for the office which he held. Men believed more 
easily than noAV that a minister may be aided by supernat- 
ural influence. There was more faith in the efficacy of 
prayer. All this was favorable to effect. Doctor Fobes 
knew this, and he justly availed himself of the advantage 
which it afforded. In his time and in the days of Whit- 
field, the same degree of eloquence in the pulpit, would 
produce much more effect probably, than it could now. 

It often happens that Avhen a minister excels m the pul- 
pit, he is found deficient out of it, in the parochial duties. 
But it was not so with Doctor Fobes. These duties re- 
ceived as much of his attention in proportion to their 


importance, as any other belonging to the office. His at- 
tention to the sick was affectionate and devoted. His 
conversation and prajers with them were earnest, comfort- 
ing, and frequently produced impressions and awakened 
resolutions which did not pass away with their sickness, 
but were diligently cherished and strengthened after their 
recovery. His general visits were free from formality, 
accompanied always with such a manner as to make the 
people feel easy, and strip them of restraint while in his 
presence. His conversations were instructive, and cheer- 
ful without being frivolous. 

He possessed a peculiar tact for uniting and harmoniz- 
ing a discordant people. I mention this as being a trait 
in the man, not as insinuating that the society over which 
he was settled, had ever imbibed to any remarkable de- 
gree, the turbulent spirit of discord. If the seeds of any 
difficulty had been sown, and sprung up in any quarter, 
and shot their roots deep and wide, yet he had the gift of 
eradicating them with such a gentle hand as not to dis- 
turb the soil of the flourishing vineyard on which he labor- 
ed. He hushed a complaint before it run round a neigh- 
borhood. If we were to speak more particularly of the 
causes of his ministerial success, we should refer to his 
social spirit as among the most prominent ones. He was 
eminently familiar with all. He was ever ready to con- 
verse with the parishioner whether he met him at the fire- 
side, or in the shop, on the field or in the street. The 
most inconsiderable member of his parish could never meet 
him without having the important sentiment of self-respect 
and the spirit of laudable ambition excited by some en- 
couraging word which the minister had dropped in his ear 
in passing. He possessed the faculty of adapting himself 


to every variety of character. His resources of conver- 
sation constituted a common fund of information, facts, 
anecdotes, and ideas from which all his flock, of whatever 
standing or occupation, might always derive something 
that was pleasing and suitable to their case. Cheerful 
without levity, he would more generally have an agreeable 
story to illustrate some topic of conversation, and in such 
a manner as to enliven the dullness of the unsocial circle. 
Where he was, something would be said that might be 
remembered to advantage. Serious without austerity, he 
would never allow his familiar good humor to overstep the 
rules of that sober deportment, the absence of which is 
wholly uncongenial with the ministerial office. Penetrated 
and actuated by the true spirit of the Gospel, the rich and 
the influential of his Flock, never received more of his 
time, attention and regards than the poorest and the hum- 
blest members of it. His familiarity was not limited to 
any portion of his parish, but extended to its most obscure 
corners. His parochial visits, I am told, did not general- 
ly average more than two a year to each family. Yet this 
number of visits, at a time when his society contained 
probably more than one hundred and fifty families, must 
have been a great labor and occupied a large portion of 
time. His versatility of talent in conversation, gave him 
the happy faculty of adapting himself to persons of every 
description of temperament, disposition, age and occupa- 
tion. To the man of refined taste and extensive reading, 
and to the man of humbler capacity and limited attain- 
ments, he was equally interesting. He could so variate 
and change his subject and manner as to satisfy the wants 
and taste of the mechanic in his shop, or the ploughman 
in his field, or the scholar in his study. This social spirit, 


possessing such facility of adaptation, not onlj rendered 
him useful out of the pulpit in the way of his profession, 
but an agreeable companion, and secured to him the re- 
spect, the friendship and affection of his people. If there 
be any thing, which can make a people united, harmonious 
and happy in the one whom they have chosen to minister 
at the sacred altar, it is their affectionate regard for him 
as a neighbor, as a friend and companion. This perpetu- 
ally operates as a strong bond binding them to him, and 
him to them. It disposes them to overlook and excuse 
faults in his preaching, and peculiarities in his character, 
which otherwise would occasion disgust and dissatisfaction, 
obstruct his usefulness, and terminate in his dismission. 
We may say therefore with great assurance, that the deep 
hold which Doctor Fobes secured upon the affections of 
his people by means of his familiar and social spirit out of 
the pulpit, was the most obvious and promment cause 
of that distinguished success which attended his protract- 
ed ministry. 

While he was faithful to his duties as a minister, he was 
ardently engaged in the cause of education and of science. 
He made his study a school to prepare young men for the 
ministry. He seemed to possess a peculiar power of im- 
buing minds whose studies were under his direction with 
his own ardent spirit, and inspiring them with enthusiasm 
ill their profession. 

Amid his many avocations, he found time to investigate 
the higher departments of science. It would be unjust to 
omit mentioning the interest with which he turned liis at- 
tention to experimental Philosophy. Following the dic- 
tates of his taste for the sciences, he procured the Air 
Pump, the Electrical Machine, and a valuable Philosophi- 

PERES F05ES. 229 

cal Apparatus. Among his imfinished manuscripts we 
find the outhnes of courses of lectures on the different 
branches of Natural PhilosojDhy. 

Astronomy was his favorite study. He devoted to it a 
large part of his leisure hours. He constructed an Orrery, 
illustrating the motions of the heavenly bodies in a manner 
that attracted much attention, and greatly interested the 
friends of science. 

Botany also engaged his attention. He formed and 
cultivated a small Botanical Garden. He interested him- 
self in finding flowers belonging to the different Classes, 
with the characteristics of which he had familiarized his 
mind. He delighted to stroll over the fields for this pur- 
pose, and in this way he took much of his exercise. But 
however much attention his love of science prompted him 
to devote to it, all his acquisitions in it were made subser- 
vient to his usefulness as a minister of Christ. He never 
lost sight of this as the great calling to which he had early 
dedicated his powers. If he studied Astronomy, it was 
that he might acquire information to communicate to oth- 
ers in his daily conversation, and derive from it new illus- 
trations to bring the truths of the Gospel to bear with 
more power upon the heart. If, in his rural walks he 
roved the fields to verify the principles of Botany, it was 
that he might draw fresh lessons of Divine Goodness from 
the flowers of the wayside, to add ardor to his own piety 
and love to God, and in his preaching to inspire others 
with the same ennobling sentiment. Thus in all his stud- 
ies and investigations, he kept steadily in view the inter- 
ests of his sacred profession, and made them tributary to 
this as the chief end of his life. In all his fondness for 



the sciences, he seemed " determined not to know anything 
among men save Jesus Christ and Him crucified." 

I trust that the sketch, which follows, many not be 
deemed out of place, proceeding, as it does, from the pen 
of a son-in-law of Doctor Fobes, the late venerable Sim- 
eon Doggett, of Raynham, and touching upon points for 
the most part omitted in the preceding narrative. 

"The Rev. Peres Fobes, ll. d., was born in Bridgewa- 
ter, September 21, 1742. Blessed with worthy and chris- 
tian parents and a religious education, he early showed a 
disposition congenial to piety, and the fostering aids of 
Divine grace. When quite a youth, as appears in a short 
diary which he kept in the early part of his life, he sol- 
emnly and repeatedly dedicated himself to Almighty God. 
While that piety which glowed brilliantly through life be- 
gan early to dawn, not less early was begun his literary 
career. So forward, prompt and manly was his literature, 
that at the early age of thirteen, he was intrusted with 
the school of his own neighborhood. Though much im- 
peded in his literary progress through want of health, he 
received his first degree at Harvard University in 1762. 
In 176- he was approbated to preach the blessed Gospel, 
to which his pious heart had long been aspiring : and on 
the 19th of November, 1766, was ordained a minister of 
Christ to the church and society of Raynham. Here he 
continued a burning and shining light until the year 1812, 
when on the 23d of February, death closed the scene. 
National independence and civil liberty being ever near 
his heart, in 1777, times which tried men's souls, forget- 
ting his great bodily weaknesses, he volunteered as a chap- 
lain, in the armies of his country. In 1786, Doctor Man- 
ning, then President of Brown University, being elected 


Representative to the American Congress, in the interim 
of his absence, Doctor Fobes was, bj the Honorable Cor- 
poration, called to its Presidency. Discharging the ardu- 
ous duties of this station with usefulness and honor, he 
was in the succeeding year, chosen a Professor of Exper- 
imental Philosophy in that University. In this Professor- 
ship, then in its infancy, without funds to support it, with 
an apparatus much of his own construction, he, for a course 
of years, rendered useful instruction and highly important 
services to the Institution. In 1787 he was chosen to its 
Fellowship, and in 1792 received its highest honors. Ever 
engaged in the cause of literature and the improvements 
of the rising generation, in 1796 he was called to the over- 
sight of Bristol Academy, in the prosperity of which In- 
stitution he took a deep interest ; and while his health 
permitted, his presence and addresses, on its Quarterly 
Examinations, added increased respectability to its Hon- 
orable Board of Trustees, and animation and renewed 
energy to its literary exertions. In 17 — he was chosen 
a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 
Neither were his exertions in the cause of literature 
wholly exhausted abroad. Soon after his settlement in 
the ministry, he opened a school for young gentlemen, in 
his own house, and many who now are acting honorable 
parts on the theatre of life, with respectful gratitude rec- 
ognize him as a kind and skillful preceptor. Here also 
candidates were indoctrinated into the sublime truths of 
Theology; many of whom, clad in his mantle, have be- 
come able ministers of the new and everlasting covenant 
of Grace. Ever devoted to the people of his charge, the 
education of their youth presented another rich field for 
the exertion of his literary and philanthropic energies. 


The schools of Eaynham under his patronage and inspec- 
tion were, for years, an example for the county, and bear 
an honorable testimonial to the public of the vast impor- 
tance of a learned clergy to our country.* 

While he shone as a star of distinguished magnitude 
and lustre in the hemisphere of letters, it was in the minis- 
try, for which he seemed peculiarly formed, that his prime 
excellencies were displayed. Receiving and studying the 
Bible as the Oracles of God, from this hving and blessed 
fountain he drew the doctrines of his religion, and the 
rules of his morality. Founded on Christ and his Apos- 
tles, so happily did he blend in his creed the excellencies 
of Calvin and Arminius, that he seemed a friend to both. 
While a friend to experimental religion, he stood aloof 
from superstition and enthusiasm. Though an acute met- 
aphysician and learned theologian, yet knowing the gospel 
to be designed for all, plain, practical, evangelical discour- 
ses were his chief aim. Few preachers had higher pre- 
tensions to pulpit oratory than Doctor Fobes. He was 
logical in system, though not formal, and his sentences 
,were simple, perspicuous, pithy, and often elegant. His 
thoughts lively, striking, and frequently sublime. His 
imagination winged and chastened by devotion was rapid, 
towering and inventive. With a voice soft and sonorous, 
his elocution was flowing, commanding and truly impres- 
sive. But it was in his prayers, that the whole soul of 
the good man shone forth. With a mind fraught with the 
great truths of our holy religion, and a heart warmed with 

* Rev. Mr. Carver, present Pastor of the cliurch in Eaynham remarks : 
'• He took a great interest in education, and succeeded, I am told, in in- 
fusing a portion of his own interest into the minds of the youth. It is 
said, the schools in this town during Doctor Tobes' ministry, and pri n- 
cipally by his agency, were of a higher order than in the adjacent towns." 


pietj, as ever lie approached the throne of grace, all his 
faculties seemed, at once, to be wrapt into their sublimest 
exercise. While he poured out his soul to God, his hear- 
ers were constrained to kindle and to adore. While his 
excellencies were displayed in the pulpit, he was peculiar- 
ly attentive to all the duties of parochial life. He was in- 
stant in season and out of season. His intercourse and 
conversation easy and familiar, were instructive and pleas- 
ing to all. His frequent visits and prayers cheered the 
gloomy chamber of sickness, soothed the pillow of death, 
and were a choice balm to the bereaved heart. 

The works* of Doctor Fobes, given to the public from 
the press are numerous sermons, delivered upon various 
and some most important occasions. But that especially 
to be particularised is his Scripture Catechism. f The 

* The following list was prcjiarcd by William R. Deane : 
I. Sermon at ProAddence, R. I., July 31. 1791, occasioned by the 
death of Rev. James Manning, d. d., 8 vo. Providence. 

II. Sermon at Pembroke, Mass., January 26, 1803, at the ordination 
of George Barstow, 8 vo. Boston, 1803. 

III. Election Sermon, 8 vo. Boston 1795. 

IV. History of Raynham, 1794, (Mass. Hist. Coll. iii.) 
V. Sermon to young men, 1794. 

VI. Sermon at the Execution of John Dixon at Taunton, 1784. 
VII. " A Scripture Catechism, or system of Religious instruction in 
the words of Scripture, adapted to the use of schools and families." 
Cambridge, 1804. 

VIII. "An Abridgement of Dr. Fobes' Scripture Catechism, revised 
by an Association of Ministers, and designed for the children of their 
respective societies," Cambridge, 1809. 

(Probably some others which I have not seen. W. R. D.) 
t Concerning this two-fold work. Rev. T. P. Doggett thus remarks : 
" Dr. Fobes' larger and smaller catechisms are works of much merit 
and originality. With a little alteration, it is believed that no books 
now used to impart religious instruction in our Sabbath Schools, would 
be superior to these, although wi'itten many years before these Institu- 
tions were known. The writer of this notice has heard that men of dis- 
criminating minds have remarked, that the lai-ger Catechism throws 
more light upon the comprehensiveness of the Ten Commandments than 
any work they ever read of the same size. It shows with great acute- 
ness and ingenuity that these commandments, though few and brief, em- 
brace the whole of human duty. It shows that they have a deep, inter- 



happy design and vast importance of this work constitute 
it a rich legacy of a faithful minister to every family. 

As a social friend Doctor Fobes was pecuharly happy. 
Few men possessed more eminent colloquial talent. He 
was always ready for an interchange of soul with his liter- 
ary and religious friends. 

In domestic life, where the character is more unveiled, 
his worth also appeared. With a high sense of order, he 
was the indulgent husband and the affectionate and kind 
parent. Unembarrassed with the cares of the world, 
study and religion were the prime objects of his domestic 
hours. Nothing could interrupt his stated times of devo- 
tion. Regular as the morning and evening sun, from his 
little family and closet his prayers ascended as incense to 
the throne of Grace. 

As religion shone in his life, it was his peculiar support 
in a painful sickness and death. He settled his temporal 
concerns, and set his house in order to meet death, with 
much calmness and fortitude. So violent and distressing 
were his disorders, that his mind gradually weakened with 
his body ; yet lucid moments would succeed which he of- 
ten improved by religious remarks. Upon one of these 
occasions, though he had practiced so well, he, with much 
humility lamented the defects and short-comings of his 
rehgious hfe, and placed his hope of salvation upon the 
infinite mercy of God, through the great Mediator : Upon 
another, he expressed the immense obligations of gratitude 
we were under for the hope of eternal life, promised in the 
Gospel. At another time, a friend said to him, she trusted 

nal meaning which is not apparent to the mind at first view. The much 
beloved Dr. Sanger of Bridgewater, was accustomed to say that it was 
so suggestive and rich in religious thought, that when he wished for top- 
ics on which to discourse, it never failed to furnish him." 


there was a rest for him. He replied with his usual pathos 
and animation, that he had no doubt that there was a rest 
remaining for the people of God. Though life to him had 
many ties, in view of that rest, he met his fate with res- 
ignation and Christian fortitude. 

Help, Lord, for the Godly man ceaseth, for the faithful 
fail from among the children of men." 

I have several mss. sermons, and printed productions of 
Doctor Fobes in my possession, but must content myself 
with a few selections from " a sermon, the substance of 
which was dehvered at Taunton, Nov. 11, 1784, upon the 
day of the execution of John Dixon, for burglary, setat. 
24, with an appendix on the nature and enormity of bur- 
glary, and a sketch of Dixon's life," . 

Luke, xxiii. 42, 43. 

^^ And he said unto Jesus, Lo7'd remember me when 
thou earnest into thy Kingdom; and Jesus said unto him^ 
verily I say unto you, to Day shalt thou he with me in 

IN this pitiable object, who stands before us, we behold, 
at once, an instance of the folly and wickedness of hu- 
man nature, and a moving spectacle of wonder and horror, 
' to the world, to angels, and to men.' He is one of our 
kindred race, who, for a capital crime, has lately received, 
from an earthly tribunal, a sentence of death, which is this 
day to be carried into final, fatal execution upon liim. 


This is the tragical scene, and most solemn occasion, 
which have brought together this numerous assembly. 
the day, the critical day, is come ! the decisive hour is at 
hand, which must end a mortal life, and fix an immortal 
soul in heaven or hell ! before this sun goes down, his body, 
now vigorous and active, will be a lifeless ghastly corpse, 
coffined and buried, deep down among the sheeted dead, 
while his ever-existing soul, like the dying miser's in the 
gospel, ' this night,' yea, before night, ' will be required of 
him,' and sent into the world of spirits, to smile or mourn 
forever. To this poor prisoner, therefore, if not to some 
of us, it is beyond all doubt, that this is the last opportu- 
nity for public worship ; and the only message from the 
gospel of peace, which he will ever hear m this world. 
And may he so hear that his soul shall live ! for this, 
' God forbid that any of us should cease to pray,' until he 
ceases to breathe — let every heart in this great audience, 
be lifted up to heaven, in fervent, united prayer to the 
'Father of Mercies,' that the same ' exceeding abundant 
grace,' which was once so gloriously magnified, and most 
triumphantly displayed, in pardoning a penitent thief, may 
this day reach and conquer the heart of this malefactor. 
Oh that the divuie Philanthropist, the inimitable original 
of all love and compassion to our guilty race, who once 
spoke from his own cross, the merciful words recorded in 
the text, to a dying criminal, would again speak, ' as the 
Lord from Heaven,' to another, and ' say unto him, this 
day shalt thou be with me in Paradise.' 

The preacher proposes to 

1st. Describe the character of this dymg thief, as a 
real penitent. 

2. Consider the promise our Lord made to him as such. 

roBEs' SERMON IN 1784. 237 

3. Apply the subject to ourselves and to this criminal 
in particular. 

We have room onlj for the application of the subject to 
the prisoner. 

" Unhappy young man, how disappointed in your expec- 
tations, how wretched and forlorn is your condition ! ' Have 
pity, have pity upon you, my God, and look down from 
thy sanctuary to hear the groaning of the prisoner.' Time ! 
your appointed time on earth is come, and die you must, 
in aU the bloom and vigor of youth, with breasts full of 
milk and your bones moistened with marrow. Tliis day, 
which to you is the last of days, will form the important 
crisis that must determine your happiness or misery for 
ever. To day you must appear before the judgment seat 
of Christ; on the brink of the grave, on the verge of vast 
eternity you now stand ; and after a few flying minutes 
more, you will know beyond a doubt, that there is a God, 
a heaven and an hell. Behold the numerous guard* about 
you, the executioners of justice await your doom, the in- 
struments and appendages of death are in sight, a coffin 
and a grave for you are open, a prisoner in chains, and 
you cannot escape ; this, ah, all this, have you merited at 
the hands of your injured country, by the laws of which 
your mortal life is forfeited, and now demanded as the sac- 
rifice ; condemned also you are by the laws of God, which 
extend to the thoughts and intents of the heart. The 
wages of sin is death; ' the soul that sinneth, it shall die,' 

* A guard of one hundred and thirty men were oi-dered to attend the 
execution. This added to government a dignity, as well as security, 
which the Sheriff exemplified in his own person, with honour and ap- 
plause, refusing a mercenary executioner, offered him for a mere pit- 
tance, he claimed the office as a part of his duty, and a proof of his 
fidelity in it, and with an amiable mixture of soft compassion and dig- 
nity he executed the criminal with his own hands. 


and 'cursed is every one who continueth not in all tMngs 
written in the book of the law to do them'; this is the law, 
with its tremendous sanctions and curses ; and these all 
await you, as a transgressor of it — offending in one point, 
you are guilty of all, and all heaven and earth will sooner - 
pass away than one jot or tittle of it fail. The tenor of 
this law therefore, none can alter, the tone of vengeance 
you cannot soften, a God all mercy, and too indulgent to 
punish the wicked, can never be found ; ' whose heart can 
endure, or whose hands be strong,' when the sentence of 
this righteous law shall be executed — was the sentence of 
an earthly judge lately pronounced, with the meltings 
of compassion, and the flowing of tears, ordering you to 
be hanged by the neck till you are dead; — was this ter- 
rible to you, hoAV much more so must it be to hear your 
almighty Judge in righteous anger pronounce that unal- 
terable sentence, ' depart ye cursed into everlasting fire.' 
Is this then your doom and just desert ? Are your day and 
means of grace just expiring ? Have you but a few min- 
utes more to make your peace with an injured neglected 
God, and to be made ' worthy to escape all these things, 
and to stand before the Son of Man?' Is this your case? 
In the name of God ! what can be done ? What shall I do 
to be saved ? Is this your heart ? Are you in earnest ? In 
earnest then, and in the language of Inspiration, I most 
gladly say, ' believe on the Lord Jesus Christ ; if thou be- 
lievest with all thine heart thou shalt be saved,' though in 
point of justice you deserve 'to be punished with everlast- 
ing destruction ;' Jesus is the end of the law for righteous- 
ness ; he died to redeem us from the curse of the law ; 
' he was numbered with the transgressors,' with thieves in 
his death, that penitent thieves and transgressors might be 

FOBES' SERMON IN 1784. 239 

pardoned ; he died for the ungodly, says an inspired apos- 
tle ; he died for the unjust, says another ; he came to seek 
and save that which was lost, says our Lord ; and it is a 
faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ 
came into the world to save sinners, even the chief of them, 
says the apostle. Now are you ungodly, are you unjust, 
are you a lost sinner, or even the chief of sinners ; then 
for you he died, such as these he will save, save even to 
the uttermost, if they will come unto God by him ; his 
blood cleanseth from all sin ; even though your sins be as 
scarlet, they shall be white as snow ; though they be red 
like crimson, they shall be as wool, saith the Lord. Here 
is the door of hope, this is the door of mercy, and this the 
fountain to which the soft voice of invitation calls you, say- 
ing, come wash and be clean, turn and live, repent and be 
happy; whoever will, let him come, and him that cometh 
I will in no wise cast out. I beseech you therefore, 
Dixon, by all that your soul is worth through eternity, and 
by ' the price of blood, the blood of God,' shed for its re- 
demption, that you immediately hear the joyful sound, and 
instantly give your whole heart's consent to the blessed 
covenant of gospel grace. Now compose your mind, and 
make a pause, one solemn, contemplative pause, and look 
back, once more upon your wretched life (before it trans- 
pires) and think, with bitter sorrow, and remorse of heart, 
think how you have lived, what you have done, how you 
have treated the great God, his holy Spirit and blessed 
Son ; think how you have injured your fellow-men, sinned 
against the light of reason, of revelation, and conscience, 
and thus wronged your own soul. Then look within, and 
you will find, you will feel, if not past feeling, a most vile 
heart, ' out of which have proceeded evil thoughts, bias- 


phemies, thefts, &c.' Take one more survey of this heart, 
and then ' repent and pray to God, if perhaps the thoughts 
of thy heart, and the sins of thy whole hfe may be both 
forgiven thee.' I say unto you, 'what thou doest, do 
quickly ;' your feet stand on slippery places, now is your 
time, now or never, 'now is the accepted time,' now is the 
day, and to you the last, the only day of salvation ; to day 
therefore, while it is called to day, harden not your heart. 
Dixon, you still breathe, your heart and your pulse yet 
beat, and the vital current moves, and blessed be God the 
curse delays, the warning voice is heard, ' you are a pris- 
oner of hope ;' turn, turn to the strong hold, for why will 
you die, young man. In fine, justify God, condemn 
yourself, prostrate your guilty soul at the foot of the cross ; 
look up there, and plead the merit and the application of 
that all-virtuous blood which once pardoned a penitent 
thief, who died upon it, and is infinitely sufiicient to par- 
don and save even you ; and having ascended the place of 
your execution, then rouse, collect and fix all your thoughts, 
and breathe out all your soul, in faith, repentance and 
prayer, saying, ' Lord Jesus, remember me in thy kingdom,' 
God be merciful to me a dying sinner. Farewell, poor 
John Dixon, and the Lord have mercy on you ; to day 
may you be with Christ in Paradise ; amen, and ' let all the 
people say, amen.^ 

To this very numerous assembly I will now turn the ad- 
dress, and close my subject. Who can look around upon 
the numbers of all ranks, ages, sexes and complexions 
here present, and think of the transactions of this day, 
and not be reminded of that infinitely more solemn ' day 
in which God will judge the world in righteousness, by 
Jesus Christ.' Then, my friends, and perhaps never be- 

rOEES' SERMON IN 1784. 241 

fore, shall we meet again, not merely as spectators, but as 
personally and deeply interested in all the momentous 
scenes and decisions that will then take place. The apos- 
tle's wish for his friend, is mine for you and myself; 'the 
Lord grant we may all find mercy of him in that day.' 
To this desirable end, may the public instructions and 
warnings of this day be improved, in particular that ex- 
emplary instance of justice upon the prisoner before us, 
which is this day under providence set up at the head of 
this county as a tvarning piece, lei off, (as I may say,) 
from a cannon of our own making, a salutary law of this 
Commonwealth, and which speaks aloud in the ears as well 
as to the eyes of all that can see or hear, crying from the 
earth, like the blood of murdered Abel, for the life of this 
and other malefactors. Let all take warning, and while 
they see and hear, may they fear and do no more so 
wickedly ; ' let him that stole, steal no more, but rather 
let him labour with his hands the thing which is good.' 
Then may this stand alone, and for the last, as it is at 
present the second instance of a capital execution, and the 
first for burglary, since this was a shire-town — youth, as 
well as parents, are particularly concerned in the admoni- 
tions of this day. 

1. Here is a most affecting instance, my young friends, 
before your eyes of a vicious youth, under the age of 
twenty-four years, brought to a disgraceful, untimely 
death, by the vindictive hand of public justice ; and it is 
at once a warning to you, and a proof that God's own 
words are words of truth. Look on this criminal, and be- 
lieve that ' he who pursue th evil, pursueth it to hig own 
death,' and that wicked men shall not live out half their 
days ; believe also that he who being often reproved harcV 


enetli his neck, shall hmiself suddenly be destroyed, and 
that without remedy ; hearken then to the voice of a re- 
proof from your parents and friends, from the word and 
providence of God ; take heed to your ways, shun the vi- 
ces and paths of the destroyer; ' flee youthful lusts which 
war against the soul,' and wound to death your own repu- 
tation and the bleeding hearts of your tender parents ; be- 
ware, especially beware of gaming, and that intemperate 
use of spuntuous liquors to which this ill-fated youth was 
so infamously addicted, and which, by the confession of his 
own mouth,- had the principal hand in bringing him to this 
miserable end. This is indeed a sore evil under the sun, 
and it is now common among men ; like a pestilence, 'it 
walketh in darkness and wasteth at noon day !' A most 
pernicious evil, full of deadly poison to the manners and 
morals of youth ; a detestable Pandora's box, whence issue 
whole swarms of plagues, more numerous 'and fatal than 
those of Egypt, to sting and disturb mankind in all their 
peace of society, both in towns and families ; yea, it now 
threatens with one mingled mass of ruin, the health and 
happiness, the lives, fortunes and souls of the most prom- 
ising part of God's creation : ' Who hath woe ? Who hath 
sorrow ? Who hath contentions ? Who hath babbling ? Who 
hath wounds, with and without a cause ? Who hath red- 
ness of eyes V Who are poor, and steal, and take the 
name of the Lord in vain ? Who break up houses, commit 
murder, are confined to prisons, loaded with irons, and die 
upon the gallows ? ' They that tarry long at the wine, 
they that go to seek mixt wine, and are mighty to drink 
strong drink,' This execution alas ! will make the third 
in this county, occasioned by spirituous liquors ; two men 
in a fit of intoxication committed murder, and suffered the 

rOBES' SERMON IN 1784. 243 

pains of death, at Bristol, upwards of seventy-five years 
ago ; these were Indians, and would to God that human 
nature might never again be so brutalized and rankly dis- 
graced by any but Indians alone. Could I speak in thun- 
der, and my voice be heard from pole to pole, it should be 
the friendly voice of warning to young men, entreating 
them, by every thing that is dear and valuable, to shun the 
company and the haunts of tipplers and gamblers ; ' come 
not nigh the door of the house, avoid it, pass not hj it, 
turn from it and pass away.' 

2. This example of condign punishment speaks aloud 
and home to parents and all who are entrusted with the 
care and education of children. Next to intemperance, 
as a cause, this malefactor ascribes his licentious hfe and 
ignominious death to the want of proper restraint in youth ; 
left to the care of a mother when young, he had, like too 
many others, his own way and will without control. His 
parent we are told is yet alive, if a parent can live who 
has ' travailed in birth and drawn out the breasts ' to such 
a son ! Can words express the feelings of a parent's heart 
on such an occasion ; put your soul in her soul's stead this 
day, and imagine for once, you who are parents, if the 
thought is not insupportable, that this was your own son ! 
a son who had 'made himself vile, and you restrained him 
not,' a son, whose education, whose morals and immortal 
soul you had neglected, and now is trembling in chains, 
with the strangling noose about his neck, and ' made a 
gazing stock ' to thousands around him — at length you 
follow him to the place of execution ; there stand the father 
who begat him, and the mother who bore him, beholding 
their son writhing in the agonies of death, and they for 
hina, in agonies as great of living distress ; how they 


wring tlieir hands, and almost gna^Y tlieir tongues, while 
thej cry, 'my son, my son, would to God I might die for 
thee, my son, my son,' I am the criminal, and I the 
guilty thief; ' his blood be upon us, and not uj^on our 
child;' we are the faulty cause ; our cruel neglect of time- 
ly instructions, a good example, and the rod of correction, 
have murdered our son ! The Bible and experience both 
told us to train him up in the way he should go, and that 
when he was old he would not depart ; we were command- 
ed to beat him Avith a rod, and not spare for his crying, 
Avith a promise that he should not die an untimely death, 
and that we should dehver his soul from hell ; but Oh ! 
' we are guilty, verily guilty, concerning our son, and 
therefore is this distress come upon us,' as a just punish- 
ment of our folly as well as his own ; go now and ANTite 
him a monster ! pronounce that heart ' an heart of stone, 
Avhich is not melted and moved out of its place ;' even in 
sympathy with such pungent parental distress ; and may 
both the sleeping and waking hours of that parent, be per- 
petually haunted with all the tragical operations of this 
day, who can after all go home, and neglect the education 
of his own children ; yea, let him take his rank in futm-e 
with ' the cruel ostrich in the wilderness,' because he is 
hardened against his young, as though they were not his 

3. This pubhc example of justice adds to the proof, al- 
ready large, of the existence and wisdom of a special prov- 
idence : ' Verily there is a God that judgeth in the heav- 
ens and in the earth.' To deter men from vice, the Deity 
has mercifully mingled pain and punishment with the very 
nature and perpetration of it ; if we look Avithin we shall 
find, we shall feel a demonstration of this. EnA'v and 

FOBES' SERMON IN 1784. 245 

malice, rancor and revenge, &c., are 'a generation of vi- 
pers ' in the soul, perpetually stinging and gnawing upon 
it ; yea, they create in that bosom, which is their nest, a 
little domestic hell, ' where the loorm ' of envy ' dieth not, 
and the fire'' of malice Hs not quenched.'' Yices torment 
the soul, however, not merely from their nature, and when 
separately indulged, but from their number and combina- 
tion. So numerous, and so contrary, in their desires and 
separate interests, that they raise a kind of civil war with- 
in ; for while one lust is gratified, another is displeased ; 
while the man humours and feeds his covetousness, he is 
obliged to starve luxury and affront his pride ; and even 
should ' Beelzebub cast out devils,' or one predominant mas- 
ter lust conquer a number of its inferiors, there would be 
even in this infernal conquest an opposition, vfhich must 
create pain and vexation. But if to the misery which is 
entailed on vice, in its nature and in their jaring numbers, 
we add that which both attends and follows vicious actions, 
we shall still have a greater proof of the wisdom and good- 
ness of divine providence, by which it is evidently decreed, 
that bold transgressors shall not only be punished in this 
world, but in numberless instances shall in fact be punish- 
ed according to the laws of a strict retaliation. I have 
seen (says Eliphaz) that they w^ho plow iniquity and sow 
wickedness reap the same ; his mischief (says the Psalm- 
ist) shall return upon his own head, and his violent deal- 
ings shall come down upon his own pate ; and even after 
conscience hath long slept, and no human justice could 
pursue the criminal, his own iniquity has at last found him 
out, and by some remarkable incident in providence brought 
him to deserved punishment. In this view it is worthy of 
observation, that soon after the commitment of this prison- 


er to the goal in this town, he was providentially discover- 
ed late in the night upon the point of an escape from this, 
as he had before done from every other prison he had been 
confined to ; this alarmed the sheriff, who knowing and la- 
menting the enfeebled state of the gaol, thought it unsafe 
to risque a second attempt, and therefore appointed him a 
guard ; and to this single circumstance, however trifling or 
accidental it may appear, must be ascribed under provi- 
dence, the memorable event of this day. Rather than 
wicked men should go unpunished, by any neglect of gov- 
ernment, all-Avise providence will take occasion from that 
. neglect, and make a superannuated gaol the very means of 
their execution. ' The weakness of God is stronger than 
men,' and ever will be too strong for the guilty to escape. 
Let us, especially of this county, notice a providence so 
friendly to government, and remember that this in full can- 
not be done until the new proposed gaol shall be complet- 
ed, with every needful precaution of strength and security. 

When we look at this unliappy criminal, and think what 
would the poor wi^etch give that he were in our condition : 
Let none of us indulge, or nourish in our hearts the jDride 
of the Pharisee, or even so much as think, in a way of 
boasting, what he spoke with his mouth, ' God I thank 
thee, that I am not as other men, or even as this malefac- 
tor ;' when perhaps the principal distinction between him 
and numbers here present may be nothing more than the 
gilding of a cofiin or the paint of a sepulchre ; and even 
of some others, the difference may consist only in this, that 
he is detected and condemned, but they as yet are con- 
cealed from human eye, while in the eye of God omnis- 
cient, both they and we and ' all have sinned, and come 


short of his glorj.' Condemned therefore by the same 
law, guilty before the same God, we are all the prisoners of 
divine justice, and equally need repentance and pardoning 
mercy, through the blood of the same atonement. ' Ex- 
cept ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish ;' repent there- 
fore, let us all, and ' be converted, that we may have re- 
demption through the blood of Christ, even the forgiveness 
of sins, according to the riches of his grace ; and receive 
in the end the riches of the glory of the inheritance, in 
his everlasting kingdom.' Amen." 

Rev. Stephen Hull succeeded Doctor Fobes in the 
ministry of Raynham. He had a previous settlement in 
Amesbury of this State, and was installed* in Raynham, 
September 9, 1812, about seven months after the decease 
of his predecessor. He continued Pastor till May 1, 1823, 
when, on his own request, he was dismissed. He after- 
wards preached at Carlisle. During Mv. Hull's ministry 
of nearly eleven years, fifty-two persons were received to 
the church. In 1820, there was an unusual religious in- 
terest, and not far from forty united with the People of 

Rev. Enoch Sanford succeeded Mr. Hull, and was 
the fourth minister of Raynham. His ordination took 
place October 2, 1823. Mr. Sanford was a native of 
Berkley, in 1795, a graduate of Brown University in 
1820, where he was called to be Tutor, at the same time 
with Hon. Horace Mann, a graduate of the preceding 

* Rev. Elias Hull of Seabrook, N. H., offered the Introductory Prayer ; 
Rev. Mr. Milton of Newbury, preached the sermon; Rev. Doctor 
Sanger of Bridgewater, gave the Charge ; Rev. Mr. Barker of Middle- 
boro', offered the Consecrating Prayer ; Rev. Mr. Gurney of Middlebo- 
ro', gave the Right Hand of Fellowship ; Rev. Doctor Reed of Bridge- 
water, offered the Concluding Prayer. 


year. Mr. Sanford retained the Pastoral office in Rayn- 
ham, till 1847, since which time, he has officiated at Hali- 
fax and North Raynham. 

Rev. Robert Carver succeeded Mr. Sanford and is 
the present Pastor. Mr. Carver was born in Taunton, 
graduated at Yale, in 1833, was settled for a time in Ber- 
lin, Mass., and afterwards installed in Raynham, Decem- 
ber 1, 1847. 

Calvinistic Baptist Church. 

Doctor Fobes stated in 1798, (in his Topographical de- 
scription of Raynham,) that "nearly one third part of the 
two hundred families" then in Raynham were "of the 
Baptist denomination." They held their meetings at first 
in private houses. They now have a neat place of wor- 
ship in the south-easterly part of the town, bordering on 
Middleboro'. Elder Briggs, who died not long since in a 
good old age, in Middleboro', preached for many years to 
this people. They have now no settled minister among 

The Second Congregational Church. 

This was formed during the ministry of Rev. Mr. San- 
ford, in April, 1828 ; when twenty-five individuals con- 
nected with the original church, withdrew, and estabhshed 
a separate meeting. 

With the exception of occasional supplies from other 
sources, this church and society enjoyed the Pastoral labor 
of Rev. Simeon Doggett,* son-in-law of Doctor Fobes, 

=* Mr. Deane has traced the descent of his father-in-law as follows: — 
Thomas Dogijett was at Marshfield in 1654; married 17 May, 1654, 
to Joan Chilling worth, widow of Thomas Chillingworth, and died Sep- 
tember, 1692. He left children: Rebeckah, born 29 July, 1655, Samuel, 



until their suspension of stated public worship some two or 
three years since. Rev. Mr. Dogget was the first Prin- 
cipal of Bristol Academy. He delivered the address at 
its dedication and opening, the 18th day of July, 1796, 
which was requested for the press through a Committee of 
the Trustees, consisting of Mr. Joseph Tisdale, ApoUos 
Leonard, Esq., Doctor Peres Fobes, James Williams, Esq., 
and Hon. Seth Padelford. It was printed the year follow- 
ing by J. Spooner of New-Bedford, and is a discourse on 
education well worthy of publication. 

Mr. Doggett died March 20, 1852, aged eighty-seven 
years and fourteen days. 

Union Meeting. 

This is held in a small chapel erected by the Old Col- 
ony Iron Company, on the Raynham side of the river, at 
Squawbetty. It was consecrated by ministers of different 
denominations about ten years ago, and has been open for 
religious services of various kinds most of the time since. 
There is an interestmg Sabbath School connected with the 

who lived in Scituate many years, whose posterity settled in Boston, 
and Jolin, the father of Thomas and Hannah. Hannah died without 
issue. Thomas, who lived in Marshfield, had children, John and Thom- 
as. John died without issue. Thomas man-ied Joanna Fuller, moved 
to Middleboro' in 1742 ; became a respectable farmer, had six sons and 
two daughters. Of these, Simeon, born January 7, 1738, married a 
Pratt, and had children, Elkanah, who died ajt. 28 ; Abigail, who mar- 
ried a Weston, of Middleboro' ; Thomas, who married Phebe Dean, of 
Taunton; and Simeon, who married Nancy Fobes, of Eaynham. 




Berkley* became a distinct townf in 1735, having been 
like Raynham, a part of the original purchase in 1637, 
although a portion of it belonged to the South Purchase, 
and had been included in Dighton, up to the time of its 
becoming a separate township. 

A church was organized in Berkley Nov. 2, 1737. 
" The Council convened for the purpose was composed of 
the Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, Rev. Benjamin Ruggles, and 
Rev. Thomas Clap, with their delegates. It then consist- 
ed of eighteen (forty-nine) members. "J 

* Wliether the town was named in honor of the distinguished Bishop 
Berkley I am unable to say. When we remember that the residence of 
the Bishop, when in this countrj^ was at Newport, R. I., a town not far 
removed, and that his fame as a liberal, high-minded man — the patron 
of learning and religion was then at its zenith, it appears not unlikely 
that our fathers thought to perpetuate the memory of a man, " willing 
to relinquish all his preferments, and to dedicate his days to the office of 
instructing American youth," in some such way. Tradition aifirms, 
that the author of the " Minute Philosopher " sent the people of Berk- 
ley an expensive Organ, which they in the simplicity of their worship, 
respectfully declined accepting. We are also assured, that this same 
Organ is now in one of the Churches in Newport. 

t It is slated in the Am- Quart. Reg. fvol. 12, p. 139,) that by the 
Act of Incorporation, the town was required to build a meeting-liouse 
and settle a ministei'. 

X Richard Storrs Andros, son of Rev. Thomas Andros, communicat- 
ed the above facts. Rev. L. R. Eastman, now settled in Berkley, made 
out a catalogue of members in 1847 and reckoned fifty original members. 
According to the Records of the Church, which have recently passed in- 
to my hands, there were forty-nine. Their names were as follows : Sam- 
uel Tobey, Pastor; Elkanah Babbit, Ebenezer Hathaway, Gershom 


Rev. Samuel Tobey was the first Pastor of the church 
in Eerklej. Born in Sandwich in 1715, he graduated at 
Cambridge in 1733, and was ordained in Berkley Nov. 
23, 1737, the same month with the organization of the 
church.* His ministry extended to the time of his death, 
which occurred suddenly Feb. 13, 1781, including a peri- 
od therefore of nearly fortj'^-four years. 

Crane, John Trench, Ebenezer Phillips, John Briggs, Ephraim Allen, 
Benjamin Leonard, John Hudson, Josiah Babbit, Benjamin Babbit, 
George Babbit, Daniel Axtell, in number fourteen : Abigail Burt, Mary 
Ph-illips, Mary Jones, Hopestill Harvey, Hannah French, Experience 
Myrick, Hopestill Woods, Elizabeth Holloway, Mary Babbit, Sarah 
Briggs, Abigail Babbit, Dorcas Jones, Hopestill Phillips, Zipporah Allen, 
Elizabeth Paul, Dorcas Babbit, Waitstill Axtell, Phebe Reed, Jamina 
Hathaway, Abigail Burt, being in niimber, twenty — all these belonging 
before to "the churches of Dighton and Taunton. 

Taken into ye church ye same day, and gathered with ye before men- 
tioned ones ye following persons : Males ; Edward Paull, Adam Jones, 
Benjamin Paull, Joseph Burt, Samuel Myrick, John Paull, James Phil- 
lips, Seth Briggs, Benjamin Babbit, Samuel Jones, Isaac Babbit, being 
in number, eleven — Females ; Ann Briggs, Mary Phillips, Mehitable 
Babbit, Sarah Darling, being in number, four. The Lord bless thera 
all. All of which being added together make a church of forty-nine 
persons : 25 males ; 24 females." 

I have copied these names, as they appear in the catalogue of mem- 
bers, without regard to alphabetical or family arrangement, that the 
original might be strictly adhered to. This course has been pursued in 
previous lists, which I have had occasion to introduce in this work, that 
I might not, even in the small matter comparatively of collocation, de- 
viate from the record. Gershom Crane, and Daniel Axtell Avere ap- 
pointed Deacons. Although neither Mr. Andros nor Mr. Eastman have 
stated the number of the original members with perfect accuracy, the 
records confirm the statement of the former concerning the organization 
of the church : " November ye 2d, 1737. The church was Embodied by 
ye Rev'd Mr. Nathaniel Fisher, Benjamin Buggies, and Thomas Clap 
with y Delegates." 

* The Book of Records already referred to, in the hand writing of 
Mr. Tobey, contains the following enti'ies concerning the call and set- 
tlement of the first minister of Berkley. "January ye 1st, 1736, I was 
invited to preach at Berkley, and accordingly came. August ye 3d, 
1736, the people of Berkley gave me a call to settle among them, in ye 
work of ye ministry, offering me two hundred pounds for my settlement, 
and one hundred for my salary. Sept. ye 1st, ensuing, I met with ye 
town, and by their adding to their first offer ye contribution money which 
should be contributed every Sabbath, and stating my salary at silver 26s 
per oz. I accepted y call. November ye 23, 1737, I was ordained Pas- 
tor over the church and congregation in Berkley. The Rev'd Elders 


In the Church Record Book, which apjoears to have 
been kept with great fidelity by Mr. Tobey, and unhke 
those of many other churches has fortunately escaped the 
ravages of time, are to be found interesting matters per- 
sonal : " Sept. ye 6th, 1738, I was married to Bathsheba 
Crocker.* October ye 31, I moved into my House. f 
Will God speak well of ye House of His servants for a 
great while to come, and as for me and my Household, we 
will serve ye Lord. Celia, our first child, born August ye 
29th, 1739, on Wednesday, between one and two at night. 
Samuel, our second child, born August ye 11th, 1741, on 
Tuesday, about sunset. May ye 28th, 1743, my dear 
child Samuel died, on Saturday, a little after sun-rising ; 
oh, that his death might be sanctified unto us, his Parents, 
for our spiritual good. June ye 5th, 1743, our third child 
born, on ye first day of ye week, early m ye morning. 
Baptized ye same day by ye name of Samuel. Sept. ye 
25th, 1745, our fourth child born on Wednesday about 8 
of ye clock, in ye morning, called Timothy. Nathaniel, 
our fifth child born August the 17th, 1747, on Monday 
morning, about 3 of ye clock. Isaac, our sixth child, 
born July ye 20th, 1749, on Thursday, between seven and 
eight at night. Enoch, our seventh child, born Sept. ye 
2d, 1751, on Monday evening, between eight and nine of 

assisting were, Mr. Billings, Mr. Fisher, Mr. Fessenden, and Mr. "^ales- 
Mr. Wales having Prayed, Mr. Fessenden Preached an excellent sermon 
from these words in the 2d Coloss. 5, Joying and beholding your order; 
after which Mr. Billings gave me the Charge, Mr. Pisherye Right Hand. 
All performed to good acceptance." 

* Ruth Tobey, a grand-daughter of the minister, informs me that her 
grand-father was one of eleven children, and that his wife was daughter 
of Timothy Crocker of Barnstable. She was probably related to Rev. 
Josiah Crocker of Taunton. 

t His "house" was north-east of the "Berkley common." The 
meeting-house was on the south side of the " common." The first Con- 
gregational Society are occupying their third house on the same site. 


ye clock. Aletheia, our eighth child, born March ye 3d, 
1754, on ye Sabbath, about 5 of ye clock, p. m. Sept. ye 
9th, 1756, my ninth child born on Thursday at about 4 of 
ye clock in ye afternoon, called Bathsheba. Feb'ry ye 
4th, 1759, my tenth child was born about 5 of ye clock 
on Sabbath morning, called Abigail : Died Nov. 29, 1778. 
Sept. ye 6th, 1761, my wife was delivered of two sons ; 
ye first was born about nine of ye clock, Sabbath Day 
night, ye second about ten of ye clock, viz : Paul and Silas. 

Nov'br 29th, 1778, Nabby died in ye Twentieth year of 
her age." 

Of the above children, Celia mar. Abial Deane of Asso- 
net Neck. Timothy mar. Mary Holloway. Nathaniel 
mar. Abigail, daughter of Stephen Burt of Berkley. 
Isaac mar. (1) Lydia, daughter of Col. George Williams, 
(2) Deborah, daughter of Benjamin Wilhams, Esq.; 
Enoch mar. Rebecca Littlefield, of Newport, R. I.; Ale- 
theia mar. Edward Paull of Taunton ; Bathsheba mar. 
Gideon Babbitt of Dighton ; Paul mar. Betsey Parker of 
Barre, Mass ; Silas died single at Port au Prince, W. I. ; 
Samuel, the oldest son who lived, mar. Experience Paull 
of Berkley (according to the record of his father, who 
performed the service) " Sept. ye 6th, 1768." This son 
became one of the most eminent and influential citizens of 
Berkley. He filled many oflfices of pubhc trust, and was 
honored with a seat on the Bench of the Court of Common 
Pleas. He had ten children, viz : Achsah, who married 
Roger French of Berkley, and is yet living in Barnard, Vt.; 
Apollos, who married Hannah Crane of Berkley : Ruth, 
who still lives, and leads a single life ; Betsey, who mar. 
Tisdale Porter, of Berkley ; Samuel, who died young ; 
Enoch, who mar. Sally Barnaby of Freetown ; Peddy, 


who mar. Thomas Richmond, m. d., of Dighton, whose son 
Rev. Thomas Richmond is now settled in Medfield, Mass. ; 
Bathsheba, who mar. Rev. Abraham Gushe of Dighton ; 
Rowena, who died single ; Silas, who mar. Betsej, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Jabez Fuller of Kingston. 

It is not known that Rev. Mr. Tobej ever committed 
any production to the press. Nor have we been able to 
obtain possession of any of his manuscripts. They have 
probably been destroyed. 

Rev. Thomas Andros succeeded Mr. Tobey in the 
pastoral office in Berkley. The following interesting no- 
tice of Mr. Andros has been furnished me by one of his 
sons, Richard S. Storrs Andros, Esq. 

" Thomas Andros, the youngest of three brothers, was 
bom at Norwich, Conn., on the 1st of May, 1759. While 
he was yet in childhood, his father, who was a merchant, 
died, leaving his family in comparatively straitened cir- 
cumstances. His mother, who by this event, had im- 
posed upon her the responsibility of the rearing and edu- 
cation of four children, and who seems to have been a 
woman of more than ordinary strong sense and energy of 
character, subsequently removed with her charge, to Plain- 
field, where, and in the vicinity, her immediate relatives 
and friends resided. Limited as in that day were the means 
of education, — that noblest of all our institutions, the com- 
mon school, by which the ability to acquire knowledge is 
now placed within the reach of every New-England child, 
havmg then, hardly an existence — it may well be suppos- 
ed that the subject of this sketch, deficient as he was in 
pecuniary means, enjoyed in his youth but few advantages 
of mental cultivation. Indeed, he was early inured to 
bodily labor, and his yomiger years were divided between 


the farm and the Avork-shop. At the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary Avar, in 1775, though but a youth of 16, he 
was among the first to enrol himself as a soldier in the 
Continental service, and shortly after joined the Ameri- 
can Army, then encamped at Cambridge. On the evacu- 
ation of Boston, he accompanied the army to New-York, 
where he was engaged in the battles of Long Island and 
White Plains. At the expiration of his term of service, 
he returned to his home in Connecticut. He subsequently, 
hoAvever, entered the service again, and attached to the 
division sent against Rhode Island under Gen. Sullivan, 
was engaged in the conflict at Butt's Hill. He also serv- 
ed in the mihtia of his native State, at several periods, 
during the war, when not in the Continental service, until 
1781, m which year he enlisted on board a private-armed 
vessel, fitted out at New-London, and proceeded to sea. 
His cruise, however, was not a long one. Detailed as one 
of the crew to take a prize into port, he was captured by 
an English frigate, and a few days afterwards, he found 
himself, with his feUow seamen, a prisoner of war, on 
board the old Jersey prison-ship, in New- York harbor. 
Here, for some months, he remained, with no prospect but 
that of death before him. After a confinement of several 
months, however, he succeeded in a manner singularly 
providential, in effecting his escape, and after suffering 
almost incredible hardships and innumerable perils, finally 
reached the house of his mother. A narrative of this epi- 
sode in the life of Mr. Andres was published by him seve- 
ral years previous to his death, and to this we refer the 
reader for a more particular account of his sufferings and 
dangers. A severe sickness prostrated him for many 
months after his self-restoration to liberty and home, his 


recovery from which was esteemed by himself and his 
friends as well nigh miraculous. It was probably this near 
approach to death, by which the doors of the future world 
were, as it were, opened wide before him, that fixed his 
subsequent career, and led him to dedicate the remainder 
of his life to the work of his Redeemer. As soon as his 
health had become in a measure restored, he applied him- 
self to study, and by perseverance and untiring assiduity, 
with no instruction but such as was occasionally afforded 
him by some kind and more fortunate friend, he soon ac- 
quired such an education as enabled him to undertake the 
instruction of others. Devoting his days to school, and 
his nights to his own improvement he soon became so far 
advanced as to enter upon the preparation for his profes- 
sion. To a profound knowledge of his own language he 
speedily united a thorough acquaintance with the ancient 
languages, acquirements which proved of eminent value 
to him in his after life, in enabling him to eke out the 
slender support afforded him by his compensation, by the 
preparation of candidates for the University, whose privi- 
leges, though not its honors, had been denied to himself. 
lie at length entered upon the study of Divinity under 
the care of the Rev. Dr. Benedict, of Plainfield, Conn., a 
man of enlarged mind and profound piety, of whom he 
was through life accustomed to speak with the utmost 
veneration as a Theologian and Christian. Having com- 
pleted his clerical studies he was invited to accept the pas- 
toral charge of the church and parish in Berkley, then 
recently left vacant by the death of the Rev. Samuel 
Tobey. Accepting the call, he was ordained on the 19th 
of March, 1788. It was here that his labors as a minis- 
ter of the Gospel commenced, and it was here, fifty-seven 


years afterwards, that they closed. To give a history of 
those labors, running year by year, through that long pe- 
riod, would require more space than the design of this 
work allows us. For it was not in the pulpit alone that 
his energies were employed : it was not to the preparation 
of discourses and parochial visitations only, that his time 
was devoted. At the date of Mr. Andros' settlement in 
Berkley, but a single school existed Avithin the limits of the 
town. He immediately turned his attention to the impor- 
tant subject of popular education, and by his exertions 
succeeded in aAvakening an interest in the cause, and im- 
parting a direction to it, which, it is not too much to say, 
conferred a general and permanent benefit. Nor did he 
confine himself to precept in this matter ; he became an in- 
structor himself, and through the whole course of his long 
life continued such, laboring with a zeal which would do 
honor to many a professional teacher, and with a fidelity 
and untiring devotion which many now living, and moving 
in spheres of usefulness and distinction, can attest, and to 
which they will cheerfully acknowledge their obligations. 
Like many, indeed most, of the country clergy of the last 
generation, Mr. Andros was obliged to look to sources 
other and aside from his stipend, for the means of support 
to himself and family. The salaries of country ministers, 
now not too liberal, were at the time of his settlement, 
perhaps by the comparative poverty of the people necessa- 
rily, restricted within very narrow limits. His annual sti- 
pend was fixed at X80, and during the whole period of his 
ministry it was not increased beyond this amount, unless 
we except a small addition, made near the commencement 
of the present century, to equalize the relative values of 
money and commodities, which had become changed as the 


former increased in supply. A part of his support, in 
consequence, had to be drawn from the cultivation of the 
soil, and there were few days which did not find Mr. An- 
dres actively engaged, in addition to his other duties, in 
the labors of the farm. Yet amid these diverse avocations 
he was never neglectful of the interests of the great work 
to which he had been set apart. At all times and at all 
Heasons, regardless of personal exposure and danger, he 
was at his post. Every enterprise of benevolence com- 
manded his sympathies, and every movement, having for 
its object the advancement of human happiness and pros- 
perity, found in him an earnest advocate and an indefati- 
gable friend. Thus he pursued the tenor of his way from 
1778 to 1834.* In the month of June of the last named 
year, — admonished by his advanced age that the time for 
his retirement had arrived, and actuated also by an ear- 
nest desire to put a final period to diflSculties which had 
sprung up in his church and society — difficulties from 
which we have no desire to withdraw the veU of oblivion, 
he requested and received a formal dismission from his 
pastoral charge, and on the fifteenth day of that month 
took his leave " as a public minister of Christ," to use his 
own words, "of that congregation before whom he had 
gone in and out through a period of forty-seven years." 
But though he had no longer a regular charge, his remain- 
ing years were not passed in idleness. Twice afterwards 
he was elected to represent his town in the Legislature, 
and to the close of his life, he continued to take the deep- 

* In a note appended to the "Articles of Faith," printed in 1826, it 
is said : " There have been several partial reviTals,'in vrhich numbers 
have been added to the Church ; but the most general was in 1807, when 
between 80 and 90 were constrained to make a public profession of Re- 


est interest in all the great reformatory movements of the 
day. Mr. Andros' last sermon was preached on Sunday, 
the 5th of October, 1845, and, as it would seem by provi- 
dential direction, from the same sacred desk at which he 
had so often stood. On that day, he walked from his res- 
idence to the Church, a distance of two miles, uttered the 
admonitions which proved to be his last, and returned on 
foot. His manner was animated, and he spoke with all 
the force and fervor of other years. Shortly after this 
his health began sensibly to fail, and he suffered more and 
more frequently and severely from attacks of an apoplec- 
tic character, to which he had been occasionally subject for 
some years. His mind, however, retained all its clearness, 
and there appeared to be no cause for immediate appre- 
hension, until the 8th of December, when he was suddenly 
prostrated by an attack of the malady just alluded to. He 
shortly rallied, however, from the first effects, but his hour 
had come. The remedies of the medical attendants prov- 
ed unavailing. His strength gradually failed and the vital 
energies day by day exhausted themselves. Disturbed 
apparently by no suffering bodily or mental, his faith grow- 
ing stronger and brighter as the bonds which bound his 
spirit to the flesh, became weaker, he lingered until the 
evening of December 30th. His departure from the 
world was tranquil and beautiful as the departure of 

" The morning star, which goes 
Not down behind the darkened west, or hides 
Obscured amid the tempests of the sky, 
But fades away into the light of Heaven." 

Mr. Andros was twice married. (1) To Miss Abigail 
Cutler, of KiUingly Ct., May 18, 1784 ; (2) to Miss Sophia 


Sanford, of Berkley, Feb. 7, 1799, whom he survived only 
three years.* 

As a man, Mr. Andros vras distinguished for the deep 
interest which he took in everything that related to his race, 
and for the entire singleness of purpose, sincerity and hon- 
esty which characterized his intercourse and deahngs with 
his fellow-men. The wealth of worlds would not have 
tempted him to the commission of a dishonest act, and the 
individual never existed who could justly complain of hav- 
ing been over-reached by him in his business tranactions, 
which at one period of his life, were many and large. In 
his opinions of pubhc pohcy, he was decided, and in the 
expression of them open, independent and fearless. 

As a Theologian and Preacher — I leave this part of his 
character to be drawn by a more skillful and experienced 

The hmits of this work would not allow " a more skill- 
ful hand " (could it be found) to give an extended account 
of the theological views and ministerial character of Mr. 
Andros. The former were generally embraced by his peo- 
ple, and the minister of Berkley, hardly less than the min- 
ister of Franklin, most thoroughly and efiectually indoctri- 
nated his hearers, and " taught the people knowledge." 
As a consequence, it is believed, there is to this day great- 

* In both these connections he was fortunate and happy. The first 
named died in 1798. The discourse preached at her funeral by the Key. 
Mr. Smith, then minister of Dighton, bears strong testimony to her 
many virtues. The family record bears the following affecting" memori- 
al in his own hand, to the chai-acter of his second wife : '• Sophia San- 
ford Andros, my second wife departed this life between midnight and one 
o'clock on the morning of Lord's day, Feb. 13, 1843, having blessed her 
family with the most active love and constant affection for a period of 
forty-three years and five days." 


er uniformity of religious faith in the towns of Berkley 
and Franklin, than in most of the towns in the Common- 
wealth — a very fair inference from the fact, that in these 
towns as yet there is only one religious denomination reg- 
ularly organized, known to exist. 

Mr. Andres was regarded not only in Berkley but in 
all the region, where he was best known, as an able theo- 
logian, and an instructive, faithful preacher. 

The " Taunton Association " of ministers, of which, at 
its organization in 1826, "father Andros," as he was gen- 
erally called, was the oldest member, expressed their feel- 
ings on the occasion of his death in the following terms : 

" It is with most unaffected grief that the Association 
place upon the Records, a note of that solemn Providence, 
by which our venerable father in the ministry. Rev. Thom- 
as Andros, of Berkley has been removed from earth to his 
final account. 

"He departed this life, Dec. 30th, 1845, aged 86 years, 
and 8 months. His funeral obsequies were attended by a 
large number of his townsmen, and several clergymen 
from the vicinity ; and a sermon was preached on the oc- 
casion, by Rev. E. Gay, of Bridge water, then supplying 
the pulpit in Berkley. 

" We enter his name on our Records, as one of precious 
memory, in testimony of the high veneration, with which 
we regard the man, whose heart was warm, whose hands 
were pure, and whose life exempHfied the doctrines, which 
he delighted to commend to others. 

" Mr. Andros was an eminent example of self-taught men, 
a warm patron of education, and a deeply interested friend 
of the rising generation. As a preacher, he held a high 
rank ; as a pastor, he was aflfectionate, laborious and untir- 


ing in interest both for the spiritual and temporal welfaie 
of his people, to whom he ministered more than foity 
years. As an author, his merit will not suffer in comparison 
with many, whose works are much more voluminous. , His 
sermon entitled " Trial of the Spirits," and his tract enti- 
tled, "Letter to a friend" should be mentioned with par- 
ticular consideration. 

" It affords us great happiness to be able to say in conclu • 
sion, that the evidence of his personal interest in that 
Gospel, which it was his delight to make kno^vn to others, 
was so satisfactory, that his trust in it to the last, was un- 
shaken, and that its consolations shone around in entermo- 
" the valley of the shadow of death," in undim'd bright- 

The published prod uctions* of Mr. Andros were numer- 

* I have just received the following list of the published writino-s of 
Mr Andros, so far as they have been discovered. ° 

J "i^^'^*^*° ^H^P"^^*' ^"^ I>arkness," — a sermon occasioned by the 
death of Capt. John Crane. — 1795. 

. '' -^ Reference, not only of the Good, but of the Evil, that befalls us 
in Life, to the hand of God, an essential principle of Piety " — a sermon 

occasioned by the death of Mrs. Andros. 1798. 

. " A Thanksgiving Sermon," delivered before the Congregational So- 
ciety m Berkley. — 1808. 

" The Criminality of restraining Prayer," — a sermon 1808 
"Foreign Influence," — a Thanksgiving Sermon, 1812 
'Bible News of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, as reported by the 
Rev. Noah Worcester, not correct." — 1813. 

"Seasonable Thoughts on Human Creeds or Articles of Faith, by an 
orthodox clergyman, shewn to be very unreasonable Thouo-hts " — 1814 
/.I, '"'''^.'''^P'"'?",*^ "'^'-^ foundation of Pietv," a sermon delivered 
at the ordination of the Rev. Benj. Whittemore, Tiverton R I 1815 
_ Modern Philosophical Mixtures, degrading the character and defeat- 
ing the moral influence of the Gospel, detected,"— a sermon 1819 

An Essay m which the Doctrine of a positive divine Efficiencv,'ex- 
citing the wi 1 of men to sin, is candidly discussed, and shewn to be un- 
phuosophical," &c. 1820. 

11 ^t''"\°T"^ " °" ^'^ious subjects, embracing six discourses. 1 823. 

rnl nf tL w™''^''^ *''? ^^^ '' blessed," a sermon preached at the fune- 
ral ot the Hon. Samuel Tobey. 1823. 

1830^^^ Temperance Society vindicated aud Recommended," a sermon. 

ANDROS' SERMON IN 1790. 263 

ous. • Besides the thrilling narrative of his sufferings " on 
board the Old Jersey Prison-Ship, in 1781," he published 
in 1814, a pamphlet styled " Seasonable thoughts on hu- 
man .Creeds, or articles of faith, by an orthodox clergyman, 
shown to be very unreasonable thoughts, in a letter to a 
friend;" also, " an Essay, in which the doctrine of a posi- 
tive divine efficiency exciting the will of men to sin, as 
held by some modern ministers, is candidly considered ;" 
also, "a volume of sermons adapted to the particular be- 
nevolent operations of the day, in 1817." A little later, 
he published a volume of " doctrinal essays," and at dif- 
ferent periods of his ministry, various occasional discourses, 
which prove their author to have been no ordinary man. 

Of the several sermons in MS. which have been submit- 
ted for examination, the one which follows has been select- 
ed, as probably a fair specimen of Mr. Androa' ordinary 
style of preaching. 


" In all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me 
that were siii^ 

^T^HE terms on which the Great Ruler of the Universe 
offers Life to man, are in themselves most reasonable and 
easy. For what is more easy than to confess our fault, 
when we have done wrong ? and certainly, nothing can be 
more reasonable. Yet this is the sum of all that God re- 
quires of sinful men as the condition of Eternal Life : — 
" If we confess our sins " (says John) " he is faithful and 
just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all un- 
righteousness." But easy and reasonable as are the terms 


of Life, there is nothing to "vrhicli the pride of men is more 
opposed. When their iniquities are set in order before 
them, in the ministration of the Divine Word, instead of 
an honest confession, thej are disposed to replj to God, 
"Wherein have we done so much against thee ?" and they 
are very ingenious and industrious to invent palliations 
and excuses for every offence they commit. But in some 
particular cases they imagine the ground on which they are 
blamed to be peculiarly unreasonable. For example, they 
find in themselves a strong bias to that which is evil, and 
aversion to that which is holy. And this disposition, they 
plead, was born in them. They had no agency in giving it 
existence in their own hearts. And now, say they, as we 
did not give ourselves these corrupt propensities, what if 
our hearts be fully set in us to do evil ? What if out of it 
proceed all manner of evil thoughts and inclinations, and 
crimes ? As all these offences proceed from an inward 
powerful propensity to evil, which we did not implant in 
our hearts, how hard it is that we should be condemned and 
punished for them, or that we should suffer anything in 
consequence of the conduct to which they prompt us. 

Now what we purpose, in this discourse, is to examine 
the validity of this plea. It was, in all probability, on this 
ground that Ephraim justified himself in our text, and af- 
firmed that they could find no sin in him, though he loved 
oppression, and the balances of deceit and fraud were in 
his hand, as God testified of him. In the execution of 
this design we shall proceed by the following steps : 

I. We admit the fact, that men do come into life with 
hearts prone to that which is evil. The testimony of the 
Scriptures confirms it, and this testimony is not to be dis- 
credited. In consequence of the disobedience of our first 

ANDROS' SERMON IN 1790. 265 

Parents, their posterity now come into existence with proud, 
selfish, and rebelHous dispositions. So Paul says, ''by 
the offence of one, many were made sinners." And, says 
the Psalmist, " Behold I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin 
did my mother conceive me." And who has not observed 
that the earliest moral feelings and propensities which chil- 
dren manifest m their first visible conduct, are selfishness, 
impatience of just restraint, anger and revenge towards 
those who cross their inclinations. We certainly cannot 
pretend, on any legitimate ground, that man comes into 
being with holy dispositions. Neither can Ave say that we 
come into existence with no dispositions or inclinations or 
passions at all. If therefore, he has any moral feelings or 
passions, they must be corrupt, though not to that degree 
in which they appear in the aged sinner, whose character 
is that of finished impiety and wickedness. To silence the 
plea under consideration, we cannot deny the native cor- 
ruption of the human heart. Man is in very deed bom 
the subject of many depraved propensities and inclina- 

II. We will admit for the moment, that as man did not 
infuse these evil principles or desires and propensities into 
his own heart, no moral blame can attach to them, or to the 
actions to which they prompt him. Still it does not nec- 
essarily follow from this concession that it would be wrong 
to inflict punishment upon him or even to destroy him on 
account of them. There are several reasons why it is just 
and justifiable that creatures, who possess evil or injurious 
propensities, should be subjected to punishment, or destroy- 
ed, so that they may do no more outrage. One reason is, 
they are inteUigent creatures, and know better than to con- 
duct in an unjust or wicked manner. If a person has rea- 


son, to perceive the nature of the rule of duty and the great 
obligations of truth, justice and mercj, and will not obey, 
but prefers to live in all manner of injustice, cruelty and 
violence towards his neighbors, it is reasonable that he 
should be restrained and pimished or put to death to pre- 
vent his continuance in Avrong doing and crime. He de- 
serves this on, the ground of moral demerit. But suppose 
a creature, who is thus injurious and dangerous, has none 
of the reason, understanding and freedom of an account- 
able agent, would it follow that he ought therefore to suf- 
fer no evil for the mischief he inflicts ? The tiger has 
none of the faculties of an intelligent agent. But he pos- 
sesses a most ferocious nature. He delights in blood and 
carnage. The natural disposition, which he received in 
his first creation makes him most dangerous to man, as well 
as other animals. Now because he did not give himself 
these bloody inclinations and appetites, and has no reason 
or moral power to control them, shall he be allowed to 
glut "himself with blood with entire impunity ? Where is 
the tongue that would plead the injustice or the wrong of 
destroying him ? All would agree in pronouncing it suit- 
able and right to hunt him down and shed his blood. Nay, 
the man who had it in his power to destroy him, and yet 
turned him loose to prey upon the unwary and defenceless, 
would himself be chargeable with murder. It would be 
no apology for the poor irrational brute to say that God 
gave him these ferocious and bloody inclinations, or that 
he possessed them by nature and did not implant them in 
his own heart. It could not indeed be said he was a mor- 
al agent and deserved to be punished as such. But it 
would be said, and said justly, that he ought to be des- 
troyed on account of his mischievous and bloody nature. 

ANDKOS' SERMON IN 1790. 267 

There is but one great law in regard to the use to be 
made of all objects in creation, which are not intelligent 
and accountable creatures, whether they be animate or in- 
animate objects, they are to be used or disposed of in that 
way in which they will be the most profitable. On this 
ground the life of an irrational animal is to be preserved 
or destroyed according to the judgment and will of man. 
Such dominion has God given man over the inferior orders 
of being in creation. Now, if any one will have it, that 
as man did not give himself the destructive temper and 
inclinations which he possesses, he is not blameable for 
them, all that could follow, if this were allowed, would be 
that he was not a proper subject for a moral trial and pun- 
ishment, but when guilty of any great offence against so- 
ciety, as robbery, arson or murder, he should be hunted 
down and destroyed like a beast of prey. All, therefore, 
that the lawless ruffian gains by pleading that he did not 
give himself his depraved and wicked dispositions and 
projoeusities, and is not therefore deserving punishment for 
them, is this, — that he is not to be destroyed as an intel- 
ligent and accountable creature, but as a savage wild 
beast. St. Paul says of some sinners, who had become 
the slaves of their naturally corrupt appetites and passions, 
" whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and 
whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things." 
At any rate, the end of the slave of lawless desire and 
appetite is destruction, and it would be a poor alternative 
to choose to die as a brute rather than as a moral agent, 
the degree of misery to be sufiered being the same. 

III. In reply to the sinner's plea under consideration, it 
is proper to observe that objects are to be estimated and 
treated according to their own nature and properties, and 


not according to the nature and properties of the cause 
which produces them. Every creature which God has 
formed in the universe has its specific nature and proper- 
ties, "which constitute it what it is ; and it is hj its dis- 
tinctive properties that one object or creature is distin- 
guished from another. Man and beast, wind, hail, rain 
and fire, are all known, one from another, by the different 
powers, faculties, attributes and properties which they 
possess. And they are all considered, esteemed and val- 
ued according to these different properties, and not accor- 
ding to the nature and attributes of the cause which pro- 
duced them. Thus, gold is very highly esteemed for its 
value ; but that morbid matter or poison which produces 
disease and death, is shunned and abhorred as a deadly 
evil. In the animal world, the lamb and the horse are 
valued as harmless and useful animals, while the venomous 
serpent is hated and avoided. God is the maker of all 
these things ; but we do not dread the pestilence or abhor 
the poisonous serpent any the less on account of His being 
the cause of their existence, nor does this consideration 
ever induce us to spare the life of the \aper or the savage 
beast. It is just the same with respect to all the wicked 
and abominable propensities of the corrupt heart of man. 
They are most hateful and detestable in their own nature. 
We form this judgment of them without pausing to en- 
quire by what cause or agency they were produced. If 
we see a man possessed of feelings, proud, envious, unjust, 
treacherous and malignant, we condemn him, without stop- 
ping to enquire whether he himself or some other agent 
infused them into his heart. It does not m the least alter 
the nature of these baleful passions to say man did not 
create them in his own heart, or to say they were ori^inat- 

ANDROS' SERMON IN 1790. 269 

ed by some other cause, any more than it alters the na- 
ture of poison to say God produced it. The serpent 
becomes no less loathsome and his poison none the less dead- 
ly by the declaration that God made him all he is. So 
it becomes the sinner to reflect that his impiety, his pride 
and malignity, envy and thirst for revenge, become no 
more amiable and harmless by imputing them to God as 
the cause or by affirming that he inherited them by nature. 
Pride is pride, malignity is malignity, entirely independent 
of the considerations of the cause that produced in our 
hearts these evil propensities. If vre have our reason, 
that criminates us. Here enquiry ends. 

IV. Let it now be enquired what the judgment of man- 
kind in general is in regard to these evil and mischievous 
passions, Avhich we possess by nature. Is it common 
among men to palliate and excuse the wicked feelings of 
others by saying that these feelings are natural to them, 
that they were born with them, or that they were inherit- 
ed from our first parents ? Do they say, it is in the na- 
ture of such an one to be deceitful, proud, unjust, false, 
cruel and vindictive, and on this ground refrain from con- 
demning him for the crimes he is prompted to commit by 
the native corruption of his heart ? This is so far from 
being true that in the estimation of mankind, it is a great 
aggravation of a person's wickedness and guilt, to say that 
he is naturally treacherous, cruel and vindictive. "When 
it is said of a man that he is by nature unfeeling and ma- 
licious, or avaricious and sordid, it is always meant as add- 
ing to the hatefulness of his character and as an aggra- 
vation of the offences he may commit. And what is the 
usage in our courts of Justice ? When they find an offen- 
der to be by nature, prone to the crimes for which he is 


arraigned, are thej m^re lenient, and less disposed to visit 
upon him the full penalty of the Law ? Does it help the 
murderer to have his advocate state in his behalf, that from 
his infancy he has been unfeeling and cruel, delighting in 
barbarous and savage deeds ? And that his father before 
him was just such a monster, and transmitted to his child 
the abominable corruption of his own nature ? Would the 
Court, after hearing this plea, be more inclined to acquit 
huu ? Would not every spectator be disposed to regard 
such a plea as most unfortunate for the prisoner and fatal 
to his escape ? It is not then agreeable to the common 
sense of mankind to think a man's guilt the less, because 
he has a strong natural propensity to the crime with wliich 
he is charged. 

V. Indeed the sinner, who puts in the plea under con- 
sideration, to evade the sentence of God's holy Law, will 
be condemned out of his own mouth. Let him urge this 
plea as often as he may — my soul is exceedingly corrupt : 
my passions are continually impelling me to do evil. But 
I am not my own maker. My Almighty Creator planted 
these inclinations and propensities in my heart. They are 
a part of that nature with which I was born. It is utterly 
idle for him to reason in this way, if he reverse it all in 
treatment of his fellow men when they sin against him, as 
h® really does. If, because he is by nature proud, selfish, 
an enemy to God and holiness, God ought not to condemn 
him for the sins he commits against Him, then he ought 
not to condemn his neighbor for anything he may do that 
is wrong. But will the sinner allow this reasoning to be 
good, when his neighbor insults, dishonors and injures 
him ? Will he say, my neighbor possesses by nature the 
evil disposition by which he was impelled. I will not 

ANDROS' SERMON IN 1790. 271 

blame him, therefore, for the grossest slander he may heap 
upon me, or for the greatest injury he may do to me or to 
those who are dear to me and who look to me for protec- 
tion and defence. No — no, this reasoning will not do, 
when his neighbor is the ofi'ending party. He will cry out 
against him as unjust and wicked, and invoke upon his 
head the penalties of the violated law. If his servant 
plunder his goods, he does not thmk it takes all blame from 
him to plead that God made him with a selfish and covet- 
ous disposition. And as he condemns others in spite of 
this plea, when they offend him, so he may expect God 
will not admit it as valid, when he shall urge it on his own 
behalf, as an excuse for the sins and abominations he has 
committed against his Maker, and his fellow men. But 

VI. The justice of the sinner's pretence that he had 
no agency in infusing moral corruption into his own heart, 
must be examined. Can any one presume it will be found 
true, that no man ever yet did anything to fill his own soul 
with depraved and abominable inclinations and propensities? 
We may allow that the child in the earliest days of its ex- 
istence had no agency in producing whatever corrupt feel- 
ings and passions have place in his heart. But can this 
concession be made in regard to the sinner of forty years ? 
Can it be said of him, that he has had no voluntary agen- 
cy in producing those powerful wicked feelings and pas- 
sions to which he is now the slave ? Here is one who is 
notorious for avarice or covetousness. This principle gov- 
erns him with despotic sway. Neither the tears of the 
"widow, the cries of the orphan, nor the miserable condition 
of the poor pagan dying in sin, can wring from him one 
farthing for their relief. Nay, there is scarcely any mean- 
ness or vice to which he will not descend for the purpose 


of gain. But was he born with all this avarice implanted 
in his heart ? No assertion could be more untrue. In 
his infancy the germ might indeed exist in his soul. But 
was it not a latent seed — a mere embryo, comparatively 
dormant and inoperative ? And had the proper means 
been used to check its growth, might it not have been, in 
a great measure, suppressed, and the principle of liberality 
and kindness implanted in its place ? But nothing of this 
kind was seriously entered upon. As the man advanced 
in life, he began to feel this covetous principle within him, 
and he thought of nothing but the means of gratifying it. 
Eor this purpose he formed a thousand schemes, and com- 
mitted innumerable sins. Forty years he proceeded in 
this way, every day watering and cultivating this corrupt 
principle ; and now it has the comjjlete dominion of him. 
He thmks of no happiness, but money — no God but mam- 
mon, and desires no friend but one who may aid him still 
to increase his store. He always enjoyed the light of the 
holy Scriptures. He knew what the law of God reqmred, 
knew what man must do to become pious, and godly and 
to be saved — but he made light of all that heaven could 
say to him on these subjects. Now shall this man have 
the assurance to say, God, at his bii'th, implanted in his 
heart this abonainable passion in all its power, to which he 
is now the slave, and that he had no instrumentality in 
infusing it into his soul, and therefore is not responsible for 
any of its results and operations ? Abominable falsehood ! 
Vile ingratitude ! Let him not thus behe his Maker ! The 
same may be said of all the other corrupt and wicked pas- 
sions and vices to which men become the wretched slaves. 
They are, in an eminent degree, chains of their own forg- 
ing! sources of shame and degradation and woe, of their 
own seeking ? 

ANDROS' SERMON IN 1790, 273 

Admitting the preceding train of thought to be just, the 
subject -will afford us various inferences and reflections of 
high importance. 

1. We learn the absolute necessity of self-government 
to all who hope for salvation. By self-government -we 
mean the subjugation of every principle or propensity and 
desire of our nature to the great rule of duty, whether it 
be suggested hj the Word of God or by sound reason. 
When Tve clearly understand our duty and suppress every 
purpose or desire that is in opposition to it and call up all 
the powers of our nature in the discharge of it, then we 
have a just and proper control over ourselves. In order 
that w^e may exercise this entire self-control, there are 
some principles in our nature that must be entirely sup- 
pressed. There are others to be reduced within the bounds 
of moderation, and others to be directed to right objects. 
Enmity to God, hatred to holiness, envy, selfishness and 
pride are affections wholly wrong; these are to be utterly 
exterminated, and man ought to have such control over his 
heart as eternally to exclude them. These are passions 
which are not criminal by excess but in their own na- 
ture ; these are not to be moderated only but exterminated. 
Love of children and friends, a regard to property, a love 
of social intercourse with our fellow-men, a dislike of in- 
jury and wrong, these are principles that are not to be 
exterminated but moderated and kept within proper limits, 
for they are crimes only by excess. The love of happi- 
ness or enjoyment, a desire for respect and honor, etc., 
these are principles that need to be directed to right ob- 
jects. These seek their happiness in the creature and not 
in God, the Creator. " They have forsaken the fountain 
of living waters." 


If God were the great object of their happiness, the por- 
tion of their soul, the love of happiness could not be too 
strong. With regard to honor they are content with the 
praise of men, while their hearts ought to be set on that 
honor that comes from God. When a man seeks honor in 
the exercise of love towards God and man, his love of rep- 
utation cannot be too great. In these three great propo- 
sitions the whole of self-government consists : to extermi- 
nate what is wrong, to moderate what is excessive, and to 
direct aright what errs as to its proper object. No duty 
in the Bible is more solemnly enjoined than this, " keep 
thine heart with all dilligence, for out of it are the issues 
of life." Saint Paul says of himself, "but I keep under 
my body and bring it into subjection lest that by any 
means when I have joreached to others I myself should be 
a castaway," 1 Cor. ix: 27. To the CoUossions he says, 
"mortify therefore your members which are upon earth; 
fornication, uncleanness, inordinate desires, evil concupis- 
cence and covetousness, which is idolatry ;" and again, to 
the Romans he says, "for if ye live after the flesh ye shall 
die, but if ye through the spirit do mortify the deeds of 
the body ye shall live;" and this spirit God will give to all 
that ask him. 

2. We can easily collect from this subject what consti- 
tutes the grand obstacle to the final salvation of men. It 
is very certain that some mighty difficulty does lie in the 
way of men being saved, or so many would not neglect 
this great concern and live without hope and die without 
peace. Now the difficulty is, not that men are indifferent 
to their own happiness, or that they have no dread of hell 
and eternal death, but it is this, they will not earnestly 
set about the mortification of the originally corrupt and 

ANDKOS' SERMON IN 1790. 275 

depraved propensities of their nature. Tlicy will not 
moderate their inordinate aftcctions and withdrawing them 
from creatures set them on God as the supreme object of 
their confidence and love. If you are proud, by your own 
exertions, assisted by the grace of God, you must reduce 
this pride to humility. If you are covetous, you must 
turn this passion into liberality. If you are selfish, you 
must change your selfishness into benevolence and kind- 
ness. So of every other evil affection or desire, it must 
be resisted, it must be turned into love towards God and 
man. But to do all this, even though the grace of God 
be granted to enable us to work, is a very great undertak- 
ing. It requires much self-inspection, great self-denial, a 
mighty struggle against our powerful corruptions, most 
pressing and ardent prayers to God through the Kedeemer 
that he will give us the victory. But discouraged at the 
idea of thus cleansing and reforming not the outward con- 
duct only but the inward feelings and reigning propensities 
and desires of the soul, they recoil from the undertaking, 
they determine to leave the soul in all its sins, and with- 
out grappling with their pride, selfishness and other inward 
abominations, they will often attempt to escape them, and 
to patch up some miserable hope for eternity, and so re- 
fusing to keep imder their body and to bring it into sub- 
jection, as Paul says he did, they become castaways. 

3. We see the propriety of the scriptures representing 
finally incorrigable sinners as fit only for destruction. 
John compares them to chaff and says, "they shall be 
burnt up in unquenchable fire;" and Paul speaks of them 
as those "whose end is destruction;" he also styles them 
"vessels of wrath fitted for destruction." The prophet 
Ezekiel compares them to the vine which when dead and 


fruitless is fit for no kind of timber and of TV'hich not even 
a pin can be made to bang a vessel upon ; it is only fit for 
the fire, Ezet. xv: 3. Cbrist compares the wicked to goats, 
and says that this sentence will be pronounced upon them 
at the last day: "depart ye cursed into everlasting fire." 
In all these awful threatenings sinners are considered as 
rational and accountable beings, having no excuse for their 
sin and deserving all this misery as a just punishment. 
But even if they could make out that they are not accoun- 
table, yet as their feet are swift to shed blood and the poi- 
son of asps is under their tongues, they must be destroyed 
to give peace to the world upon the same principle that 
the beast of prey is hunted and destroyed. They must 
become new creatures ; their enmity to God must be turn- 
ed into love ; their pride and their hatred to man must be 
turned into humility and kindness, or no prospect can 
arise before them but death ; Christ wiU never save them 
in their sins. 

4. We learn why it is saints consider themselves as so 
exceedingly sinful, notwithstanding their highest moral at- 
tainments in this hfe. They admit the sinfulness of all the 
inward corruptions of their heart. They do not excuse 
their pride, selfishness, inordinate affections, or any other 
wrong feeling on the ground that it is natural, or on any 
other ground. Hence, they appear in their own eyes ex- 
ceedingly vile. They know what the Laodiceans did not 
know, that they are wretched and miserable, and poor, 
and blind and naked. 

6. We learn, in the fight of this subject, what an ex- 
ceedingly precious aid is the Holy Spirit to all who are 
sincerely engaged in the pursuit of salvation. They know 
something of the desperate wickedness of their own hearts, 


and the strength of their inward corruptions. And it is 
a settled behef with them that this heart must be purified, 
and these corruptions overcome, or thej cannot be saved. 
And where shall they find an arm sufficiently strong to 
perform this work in them, but in that almighty spirit 
whose office it is to work in the people of God to will and 
to do of his own good pleasure. 

6. What progress have I made in the great work of 
subduing the evil propensities, which reign in me as a de- 
praved creature ? This is a question of boundless interest 
to every one present. To mortify and root out of his soul 
every corrupt feeling, is the work, to which every follower 
of Christ is appointed, and it is the work of his whole life. 
And what say you ? Do you find the power of your sins 
giving way ? Do you find your temper and disposition 
changed for the better ? Can you say, as to this fact, you 
are a happier man than you once were ? If so, the day 
of your triumph is at hand, and you shall soon enter into 
that rest, where sin and sorrow shall no more afflict you ; 
that peace which passeth understanding, which the world, 
with all its glories, cannot give, and with all its power, can 
never take away ! 

Rev. Ebenezer Poor, a native of Danvers, in 1796, 
and a graduate of Dartmouth College, in 1818, was set- 
tled as the successor of Mr. Andros, June 17, 1835. He 
had been previously located in Beverly, of this State, and 
at Edgarton, on Martha's Vineyard. His Pastorate at 
Berkley was of short continuance. He was dismissed 
July 31, 1S37. Mr. Poor was esteemed an interesting 
preacher. A sermon which he preached in Taunton on 
^Hhe faithful sayingy^ (1 Tim. 1: 15,) and which was 


afterwards published, bj request of some who heard it, is 
a discourse of rare excellence. 

Rev. J. U. Parsons, succeeded Mr. Poor in the pasto- 
ral office. He was a native of Parsonsfield, Me., in 1806, 
a graduate of Bowdoin College, in 1828, and for some 
years after his entering upon the ministry, labored as a 
missionary in the State of Indiana. He was Installed in 
Berkley, March 14, 1838, and dismissed in 18-10. He is 
laboring now somewhere at the South. Mr. Parsons is the 
author of a "Biblical Analysis," an " analytical method of 
teaching Orthography," and has also published several 

Bev. Charles Chamberlain, was ordained successor 
of Mr. Parsons in 1842, and resigned his charge in 1844; 
since which time the pulpit has been statedly supplied by 
Rev. Messrs. Eastman, Gould, Gay, Richardson and Craig. 

Second Trinitarian Congregational Church. 

This Church was organized in September, 1848, con- 
sisting of some twenty members, belonging to the first 
Congregational Church. Rev. Lucius Root Eastman, a 
graduate of Amherst College, in 1833, and once settled 
at Sharon, is their minister. 




It has been already intimatedf that what is now called 
Mansfield had a distmct parochial existence under the 
name of Norton North Precinct so early as 1731, when 
the number of families was about twenty-five. Its Incor- 
poration as a town was not however till April, 1770. The 
first settlers of that District attended meeting at Taunton 
Green, J father and mother riding on horseback, with one 
or two children, all the distance of twelve miles, regularly 
every Sabbath, and some not hesitating even to walk so 
far for their spiritual food. On the organization of the 
Church in Norton, their journey was shortened more than 
half, but a regard for the youth induced them at the ear- 
liest moment of their ability, to bring themselves into a 
church state, the precise date of which event is not cer- 
tainly known. The first parish meeting was held at the 
house of Isaac "VYellman, Tuesday, Aug. 31, 1731. Doc- 
uments of this early date have been most ruthlessly de- 
stroyed. But from the few fragments in existence we 

* So called, in honor of Lord Mansfield, through the influence of Col" 
Ephraim Leonard. Afterwards, in General Court, the motion was made 
to change the name to one less hostile to republican associations, but 
was lost. Authority for the above, Rev. M. Blake. 

t Page 1.56, 2d volume. 

I The account that follows has been kindly furnished by Rev. Morti- 
mer Blake of Mansfield, much interested and eminently successful in 
antiquarian researches. I have taken the liberty to add a few notes. 


gather the following facts concerning the founders* of the 
Mansfield Church. 

Several candidates received a call from the infant church 

* The names of these are not known. As to anj accurate list, Jrlr. 
Blake in answer to a letter of inquiry, says " the first syllable is want- 
ing." Some facts connected with their earlier proceedings are fortunate- 
ly preserved and given us in the interesting narrative of jMt. Blake now 
published. The earliest known Creed and Covenant of the Church date 
back as far as Mr. Green's ministry, and, as a part of the ecclesiastical 
history of the town, are worthy of a place in this connection. 

" You do believe the existence of one Supreme Being, who is possess- 
ed of all possible perfection and glory, and that his being is distinguish- 
ed into three glorious and undivided persons, viz : Father. Son and Holy 
Ghost, and that in fulness of time, God sent forth his son, Jesus Christ, to 
take upon him the nature of man, that consisting of and subsisting in 
two natures and one person, he might be a fit Mediator between 
God and man. And yoix do now in a solemn Covenant give up yourself 
to this God and Jesus Chi-ist. Y'ou do humbly and penitently ask of 
God the forgiveness, through the blood of Jesus Christ, of the sin of yi' 
nature as also for your actual transgressions, and with all your heart you 
do accept of Jesus Christ for yi* Lord and only Savior as he is olFered 
in the gospel, and the Holy Ghost for yr Sanctifier, and you solemnly 
promise before God, the holy angels, and in the presence of this assem- 
bly that, being assisted by the Holy Ghost, you will forsake the vanities 
of this evil world and approve yourself a true disciple of Jesus Christ 
in all good carriage both towards God and man. You do believe that 
there are two sacraments, Baptism and the Lord's Supper — the first, a 
sign of initiation, which seals our admission into the visible church of 
Christ, and is to be administered to those and only those, together with 
their seed, that are taught and discipled to Jesus Christ and submit to the 
order of the gospel — the other a sacrament that is to be administered to 
such as have been baptized, of understanding to discern the Lord's body, 
of blameless lives and conversation and accompanied with a manifest de- 
sire of hungering after Jesus Christ. You do believe that we are to hold 
communion of churches, and acknowledge us to be a tnie church of Christ, 
and promise, so long as God shall continue yr abode with relation to us 
that you will walk in Covenant with the chui-ch of Christ in this place, sub- 
jecting yourself to the disciiDline of Christ in it, and promise by his help 
and grace to live devoted to him all yr days, in a faithful obedience to 
all his commandments. To this you consent and promise. 

I then, in the name of Jesus Christ, declare you to be a member in 
full communion with the church of Christ in this place, and in the name 
of the church I promise that, being helped by the divine Spirit, we will 
carry it towards you as towards a member of the same body with our- 
selves, whereof Christ is the head, and that with a spirit of meekness, 
tenderness and care, earnestly praying that the Lord would take delight 
in and dwell among us, and that his glorious kingdom may be advanced 
by us. — Amen. 


before one could be found with Avhom the pastoral union 
would be mutually agreeable. 

The list of candidates is appended. 

1. Mr. Ephraini Littel. He was the oldest son of Mr. 
David Littel, of Marshfield, but then resident of Scituate ; 
afterwards settled in Colchester Ct., 20th Sept. 1732. 

2. Mr. Abial Howard. He was son of Jonathan How- 
ard, of Bridgewater ; afterwards physician ; never settled 
in the ministry. 

3. Mr. Atherton Wales. He was the fifteenth child and 
the youngest son of Elder Jonathan Wales of Braintree, 
and brother to Rev. John Wales of Raynham. He set- 
tled in Marshfield and died there in 1795, at the age of 

4. Mr. Samuel Tobey. He was a native of Sandwich.* 
These all declined a settlement. After five years effort 

the town succeeded in securing their first minister. 

On the 7th of Sept. 1736, the town "made choice of 
the Reverend Mr. Ebenezer White, of Brookline, to set- 
tle in the worke of the Gospel Ministrey in said precinct 
according to the Congregational platform, without one 
negative vote." 

After a long consideration, this call was accepted, 4th 
of Dec. 1736, and Mr. White was ordained 23d Feb'y, 
1737. Of the services on that occasion no record remains. 
Indeed the scantiest fragments exist to construct any me- 
moir of his ministry amongst this people. A diligent search 
of several years has detected none of his writings printed 
or in manuscript, save his answer to the call of the church, 
a few receipts for his salary, and other communications. 
His ministry was comparatively short, and broken up tow- 

* Probably the same as settled in Berkley in 1737 — its first minister. 



ards the close by a sickness of some years. The follow- 
ing items are all that have been collected. 

Eeverend Ebenezer White was a native of Brookline , 
and was born March 29, 1713. He was the son of Dea. 
Benjamin White, and grandson of Joseph White one of 
the founders of the church in Brookline. Joseph White 
had three sons ; (1) Rev. John White of Gloucester, who 
married a daughter of Father Moody of York ; (2) Sam- 
uel White, Esq., who married Ann, daughter of John 
Bruce ; (3) Dea. Benjamin White, who was the father of 
Rev. Ebenezer White of Mansfield. 

Mr. White graduated at Cambridge in 1783* and receiv- 
ed the degree of a. m., in course. 

Mr. White appears to have been of feeble constitution 
and predisposed to pulmonary diseases, which ultimately 
terminated his life. He was frequently unable to dis- 
charge his ministerial duties on account of his health, and 
many town meetings were consequently called to devise 
measures for supplying the pulpit. As a result of these 
interruptions, a number became uneasy and moved for a 
dismission. But the church adhered to their pastor, and 
at first refused by a major vote in the town meeting to ac- 
cede to any such proposal. Another objection secured a 
party against the minister, that he had not ruled and gov- 
erned the church " according to the Platform of church 
discipline which said church had voted to be their rule of 
discipline." What particular reference i'S intended is not 
known. It could not be any defection in point of the doc- 
truie then held by the church. For although Mr. White 

* There were several ministers of that name in the early history of 
our country. One graduated at Cambridge in 1692, another in 1704, a 
third graduated at Yale College in 1733, and a fourth in 1760. 


signed a bitter protest against the revival of 1740, yet he 
promises to be no hindrance to the church " in settling a 
Learned and orthodox minister " among them "vvhich he 
declares " he shall heartily rejoice in." 

The communication expressing these sentiments is dated 
"Norton, Sept. 1, 1760," and was called forth by a vote 
of dismission, passed by the town or precinct on July 28, 
of the same year, in which the church were invited to join. 
In consequence of this vote, he proposed to relinquish 
his salary at the close of his year (October) receiving pay 
only when he preached, and resign his pastorate on the 
election of a successor. The arrangement was agreed to 
and candidates again occupied the pulpit. 

Jan. 12, 1761. The precinct met to see if they would 
concur with the church in their call to Mr. Roland Green, 
of Maiden, to become their minister ; but on the Monday 
following the election of his successor and while the peo- 
ple were waiting the candidate's reply to his call, Jan'y 
18, 1761, Rev. Mr. White died, in his 48th year, and the 
24th of his ministry.* 

His first wife's christened name was Lydia Gennison of 
Maiden. She died the 28th of March, 1749, in her 36th 
year. His second wife was Hannah Richards of Milton. 
She survived him nearly forty years and died in widow- 
hood, Dec. 1, 1800, aged 83 years. 

Mr. White's children so far as known, were : 

(1) John, born 1737, died Nov. 23, 1743. 

(2) Betsey, who married a Lincoln of Norton and was 
the mother of Moses and Aaron Lincoln. 

* His body sleeps by the side of his two wives in the village grave- 
yard, awaiting the call of the archangel. I have I'cad the Inscriptions. 
They correspond with these statements. 


(3) Ebenezer, b. March 31, 1742, mar. Marj Hinks 
of Boston, Sept. 19, 1765, d. Oct. 28, 1812. He had 
seven children, one of whom, Polly, stiU lives, in Mans- 

(4) Mary, mar. Lemuel Fisher, April 7, 1763. Sev- 
eral of her descendants still reside in town, one of her 
sons, Daniel, is alive here. 

(5) Margaret, mar. Job Hodges, April 15, 1771. Her 
descendants are in Rutland, whither the family removed 
about 1800. 

Mr. White Hved in a two-story house fronting the east, 
with a leanto on the west side, about a mile south from the 
meeting-house and just within the bounds of Taunton old 
township. The site is now occupied by the residence of 
Mr. Alvan White. 

Rev. Roland Green, the successor of Mr. White, and 
the second minister of Mansfield, was born in Maiden, 
Sept. 10, 1737. His ancestral line is traceable to James 
Green who is found at Mystic Fields (now Maiden) in 1647 
in which year he was admitted freeman. He died March 
29, 1687, leaving a widow, Elizabeth, and two sons, John 
and James. The younger settled in Boston. 

II. John died in 1707, leaving a widow, Mary, three 
daughters, and a son, Samuel. 

III. Samuel, born 1679 and died Feb'y 21, 1761. His 
wife,' Martha, died seven years before. He left four sons 
and one daughter. 

IV. James, the oldest son was the father of Rev. Ro- 
land Green above. He married a daughter of Joseph 
Hartwell of Charlestown, and had two sons and three daugh- 
ters. He died at Mansfield, Aug. 21, 1779. 

V. Roland, Rev., was the second son and child, graduat- 
ed at Harvard University 1758, and also a. m., in course. 


On the 12th of January, 1761, Mr. Green received a 
call from the precinct to settle " as an orthodox gospel 
minister to settel agreeable to the Congregation Platforme 
in the Room of the Rev. Mr. White." 

To this call he replied in the affirmative, March 3d. 
Some expressions relating to the " platform," in which the 
church seemed to be very sensitive, led to further com- 
munications, in which the candidate declares his intention 
to " follow the platform so far as it is agreable to the word 
of God." The ordination was fixed to be on the 26th of 
August, 1761, and £13 6s 8d voted to defray the expen- 

Twelve churches were invited to form the ordaining 
council, viz : The tAvo churches in Maiden, two in Attle- 
boro', two in Stoughton, the 2d and 3d churches in Ded- 
ham and the churches in Taunton, Walpole, Norton and 

Council met at Col. Ephraim Leonard's.* The services 
were performed under the shade of some venerable oaks 
west of the meeting-house, which were ruthlessly felled a 
few years since, but no record remains of the proceedings, 
nor of the number of the church at this time. 

* Col. Ephi-aim Leonard Avas son of Major George Leonard, who set- 
tled in Norton in 1690. He was born Jan. 16, 1706, and died May 2, 
1786. He had three wives: 1st. Judith Perkins; 2d, Melatiah, '• had 
been ye wife of Jonathan Ware, Esq., and of Benjamin Ware, m. d." ; 
3d, Anna, " had been the wife of Mr. Elisha Woodworth, and also of ye 
Rev. Mr. Timothy Euggles." He was a Colonel, a Judge of the Court, 
and a man of eminent piety. He lived to be more than eighty. He was 
the Avcalthiest man in Mansfield, and had a greater influence in public 
affairs, than any other individual in that town. Col. Leonard and his 
three wives lie buried in a grove in Mansfield a short distance from his 
former residence. The house is now owned and occupied by Calvin 
Thomas, Esq. — (Dean's Gen. Mem. of Leonard family, p. 9.) 

Col. Ephraim was father of Hon. Daniel Leonard, a distinguished 
Taunton lawyer, of whom a particular account is given on pp. 244, 245, 
of the 1 st volume. 


Mr. Green's miuistrj continued many years, unmarked 
however by any events of special interest. 

The whole town were united in one society and congre- 
gation. An incomplete paper gives one hundred and forty- 
two admissions to the church, two hundred and fifty-nine 
baptisms, and two hundred and fifty marriages. At his 
death the church embraced fourteen male and thirty-one 
female members. 

In the early part of his ministry, a new house of wor- 
ship was erected, which still stands and is occupied by the 
Unitarian Society. 

After a long and useful life Mr. Green suddenly died, 
July 4th, 1808, in the 71st year of his age and 47th of 
his ministry. He had gone to Norton to join in the cele- 
bration of our National Independence. On his way from 
Rev. Mr. Clarke's to the meeting-house, he was smitten 
with apoplexy and died in a few hours, at 2 o'clock, p. m.* 

Mr. Green married Miss Hannah Fairbanks of South 
Dedham. She survived him a few years and died 28th of 
June, 1824. They had seven children. 

(1) Roland, Jr., b. May 9, 1765, mar. Miss Hannah 
Talbot of Dighton, a physician of extensive practice in his 
native town. He died Oct. 1, 1841, aged 76. 

Zuinglius and Joel died in infancy. 

(4) Hannah, born Dec. 26, and died July 9, 1786. 

(5) Deborah, born May 8, 1773, married Horatio Gil- 
bert, Esq. 

=* Rev. Stephen Palmer, of Needham, son of the second minister of 
Norton, preached Mr. Green's funeral sermon. He remarks that " for 
the space of thirty years, habits of the greatest intimacy subsisted be- 
tween Mr. Green and his father. Their atfection was mutual and unin- 
terrupted." When Mr. Palmer of Norton, died, the " father's friend 
acted a father's part " toward the orphan children. 


(6) Nabbj, born July 22, 1775, was married to Mr. 
Henry Sweet of Attleboro', and is dead. 

(7) Simeon, bom June 3, 1779, married Miss Eliza- 
beth Hodges, daughter of John Hodges. She died Aug. 
20, 1819, and he married Miss Fanny Francis of this 

It is not known that any sermons of Mr.. Green were 
printed, other than the last one he preached and which is 
appended to his funeral sermon.* His manuscripts were 
mostly written in brief and with many abbreviations, and 
but a few only of even these remain. f A record, how- 
ever, of him made by a committee of the Bristol Associa- 
tion, speaks of him in the following terms : 

" It pleased the God of nature to furnish him with an 
athletic constitution of body, vigorous powers of mind, 
and a lively cheerful disposition. In the early part of his 
life he was small in stature, though ever of a bold and 
resolute mien; As he advanced in years he grew so fleshy 
as tocarry a portly appearance. Quickness of perception, 
vivacity and energy of thought were prominent features in 
the complexion of his mind. In the private walks of life 
he was pleasant and facetious, and partook largely of the 
joys of social intercourse. In chambers of sickness and 
mourning he took a sympathetic part with the distressed 
and was ready to administer the balm of comfort. Though 

* Note A. 

t The only remaining son of the minister Mr. Simeon Green, has 
permitted me to examine several of the manuscript sermons of his fath- 
er. I find" them of an interesting character, and, if our limits would al- 
low, one or more of them should be inserted in this work. I must con- 
tent myself with the reprint of the " Substance of a Sermon," the last 
Mr. Green ever pi-eached, which was appended to his funeral sermon, and 
which will be found in Note A. 

Among the manuscripts committed to me, is a " Charge by the Eev 
Koland Green, Mansfield," which will be found in Note B. 


he "was feelingly alive to another's Avoe his own troubles 
and afflictions were cautiously kept to himself. In his 
family, he was kind and indulgent, provident and exempla- 
ry. He was strong in his attachments, ardent in his af- 
fection for his country, fervent in his friendship towards 
his brother clergymen and a lover of order and decorum. 

In the appropriate duties of his profession he was punc- 
tual, energetic and faithful. He possessed the gift of 
prayer in a happy degree and on special occasions his 
thoughts and expressions were ready, pertinent and im- 
pressive. In the public services of the sanctuary he used 
plainness of speech, and his general strain of instruction 
was evangelical and practical. He professed one only to 
be his master, even Christ, and disdained to teach for doc- 
trines the commandments of men. He went not to hu- 
man creeds, but to the Word of God for doctrine, reproof 
and instruction. What he believed to be scriptural, he 
boldly inculcated and enforced. Founding his opinions on 
what he conceived to be the true sense of the Gospel, he 
was strong in the faith and valiant in the truth. He nev- 
er disguised his sentiments through fear or favor of men, 
but what he believed he openly avowed. The vice of hy- 
pocrisy was a stranger to his heart, and we have reason to 
hope that his endeavors to promote the cause of his Re- 
deemer constitute a bright gem in the crown of his present 

"By the Com.— J. Pipon, S. Doggett, P. Clarke." 

Mr. Green is chiefly remembered by the aged people, 
for his kind, cheerful and social disposition, and his gener- 
al afiability of manners. His people continued united in 


him during his life, and the concourse at the funeral* ex- 
hibited indications of the depth to which their sympathies 
were disturbed by the sudden departure of their pastor. 

The pulpit was occupied with occasional supplies until 
the following April, Avhen the society united with the church 
in extending a caU to Mr. Richard Eriggs to settle over 
them in the work of the gospel ministry. The call is 
dated April 13, 1809, and Mr. Briggs' answer on the day 
following. It was in the affirmative. He was ordained 
May 24, 1809. 

The Council was composed of the two churches in 
Bridge water and the churches in Walpole, Easton, Middle- 
boro', Stoughton, Halifax, Sharon, Boxford, Foxboro', and 
Norton. The services were as follows : 

Introductory Prayer. — Bev. Mr. Morey, of Walpole. 

Sermon. — Rev. Mr. Richmond, of Stoughton. 

Ordaining Prayer. — Rev. Dr. Reed, of Bridgewater. 

Charge. — Rev. Dr. Sanger, of Bridgewater. 

* Appended to the funeral sermon is a " Biographical Sketch, by 
another hand," in which the last Sabbath of the minister of Mansfield, 
and the funeral occasion are thus described. '■ The day prior to his exit 
he administered the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. In the morning 
exercise he was impressive, inviting his hearers to cilcbrate the victory 
obtain ed by our Savior at his death ; and as the celebration of our Inde- 
p :!ndence was to take place the next day, he took occasion to impress on 
their minds the supei'ior importance of celebrating the triumphs of 
Christ, above that of our Independence. On the morning following, 
(July 4,) he arose Avith uncommon health and cheerfulness, rode mode- 
rately to Rev. Mr. Clark's, was congratulated on his good state of health 
started for the meeting-house, on the way was seized with a fit of apo- 
plexy, and at 2, p. m., expired. lie was buried on the 6th, with every 
mark of respect from a congregation of 600 persons, who moved to the 
grave in the following order : Band, playing a funeral dirge, Male mem- 
bers of the Church, Bearers, Corpse, Pall supported by the Rev. Messrs. 
Thacher, Morey, Reed, Palmer, Richmond, Clarke, Pisk, Whittaker; 
Mourners, Particular friends of the deceased, Pemale members of the 
Church, Singing Society, Members of the Congregation, Strangers." 
They laid him down by the side of his predecessor in the ministry, sur- 
rounded by scores of his beloved people. His wife also slumbers by his 



Eight Hand of Fellowship. — Eev. P. Clarke, Norton. 

Concluding Prayer. — Eev. Mr. Briggs, of Boxford. 

Eev. EiCHARD Beiggs, the third minister of Mansfield, 
was a native of Halifax, and descendant of Mr. Eichard 
Briggs, one of the first settlers of Taunton. Three gen- 
erations bore the name of Eichard, the last of whom was 
Deacon of the church in Mansfield, and grandfather of 
Eev. E. Briggs. His father, Ephraim, was pastor of the 
church in Halifax, where he himself was born, 2d March, 
1782. He graduated at Brown University in 1804, and 
received the degree of A. M. in course. He studied the- 
ology with Eev. Doctor Eichmond of Stoughton, afterwards 
of Dorchester, 

Mr. Briggs arrived in town the last day in December, 
1808, and preached on the following Sabbath. His labors 
were acceptable to the people, and the church extended to 
him a call to settle over them 28th February, 1809, which 
call was seconded by the parish, as before stated, 13th 
April, 1809. 

He continued the active minister of this people until 
1833, when he was disabled by sickness. His last public 
performance was on 20th January, 1833, twenty-five years 
from his first sermon; and his last texts were, in the A. M., 
Gal. 6: 9, in the r. m., Philippians 3: 13. 

He lingered, however, from this date, in a feeble state, 
incapable of professional labor for four years. He died 5 
July, 1837, at the age of fifty-five, just twenty-nine years 
and one day after his predecessor.* He had received a 
dismission 8th December, 1834. 

* It is an interesting fact that the first three ministers of Mansfield 
lie buried side by side in the town where they ministered. A few days 
since I looked upon their graves — a siglit delightful, as it is rare even 
in the most ancient and stable parts of the Commonwealth. 


The people of Mansfield seem not to have heen given to 
publishhig the sermons of their ministers, and therefore 
Mr. Briggs, like his predecessors, left no printed specimen 
of his abilities as a writer. 

The following sketch of Mr. Briggs Avas drawn up by 
one of his hearers through the whole of his ministry, and 
a man of reliable sagacity and candor. It no doubt ex- 
presses the impression of his surviving people. 

" Mr. Briggs' character as a 7nan, was irreproachable. 
He was kind, sympathetic and generous. He v/as em- 
phatically a pJiikmtlirojJist — seemed to feel for 'all the 
woes of mankind.' He was peculiarly fond of children; 
always addressing them with tenderness, and often bestow- 
ing upon them some small token of approbation. Perhaps 
the most prominent trait in his character vfas benevolence 
— an untiring assiduity in administering to the wants of 
all with whom he had intercourse in the world. He was 
accustomed to speak of the ' luxury of doing good,' as if 
it were the very height of earthly enjoyment ; and this 
was doubtless, the sincere expression of his own personal 
feelings. It is believed that all who were acc[uainted with 
Mr. Briggs will agree in saying that he had not — at least 
while residing in this place — one jjersonal enemy. 

In stature, Mr. Briggs Avas somewhat above the middle 
size, being about five feet, ten inches in height, well form- 
ed, though not athletic ; complexion light, face large and 
square, forehead high and broad ; exhibiting in his coun- 
tenance a union of mildness with solemnity. His voice 
was peculiarly sonorous, and his gestures m speaking nat- 
ural and graceful." 

Mr. Briggs married ISIiss Fanny J). Billings, daughter 
of Doctor Benjamm Billings of this town. His widow 


still survives, a respected member of the Trinitarian 
Cono;re2;ational Church in to^Yn. 

After the failure of Mr. Briggs' ability to preach, Rev. 
Nathan Holman, formerly of Attleboro', was engaged to 
supply the desk, Avhich he did until 16th June, 1833, and 
alternately with Rev. Doctor Saunders of Medfield, from 
that date until January, 1835. The various tastes of the 
congregation led to this arrangement. 

On the 30th January, 1835, Mr. James H. Sayward of 
Gloucester, arrived, and preached on the Sabbath follow- 
ing from 1 Thess. 5: 15. His labors were acceptable to 
the people generally, so that on the 27th April, a call Avas 
extended to him to become their minister, and the sum of 
five hundred dollars annually was offered him as salary for 
three years, and longer "as the parties shall mutually 

His answer, dated the same day, was in the affirmative. 
The 17 th of June was fixe 1 for the ordination services, 
and fourteen churches were invited to form a council. 

This connection was not of long continuance. On the 
7th May, 1837, Mr. Sayward requested a dismission at the 
end of his pastoral year, which, at a meeting on the 29th, 
was granted, and he was dismissed 17th June, 1837, two 
years from his ordination, 

Mr. Sayward married Miss Mary B. Pratt, daughter of 
Hon. Solomon Pratt of Mansfield. He died in Fitzwil- 
liam, N. H., where he was engaged in pastoral labor, Jan- 
uary 13, 1844, at the age of thirty-six. He, like his 
predecessors, White, Green and Briggs, was buried in 
Mansfield. His widow still resides there. The ministry 
of Mr. Sayward was too short to be marked with any pe- 
ciihar results. 


Soon after his arrival, he proposed and assisted in form- 
ing a Female Benevolent Society, the first in the town. 
He also warmly engaged in the Temperance cause, the 
Sabbath School, and Bible Class ; and for some time held 
weekly meetings at private houses for prayer and confer- 
ence. Throughout his ministry he manifested a deep in- 
terest in the welfare of his people, and resigned his charge 
amongst them only from the conviction forced upon him 
"after long and serious dehberation," that the existing 
state of things was a preventive of its farther advanta-. 
geous continuance. No publication of his is known to 
exist in print, as an index of his intellectual ability. 

In continuing the history of the Congregational Church 
m Mansfield, it is necessary there, as in many, if not most 
of the towns in the Commonwealth, to speak of it as in 
two bands. Here, as in previous parts of our history, it 
is our single object to give facts, and leave inferences from 
those facts to others. 

May 9, 1838, a new society was formed, called the 
"Orthodox CongTegational Society," composed of twenty- 
eight legal voters, who were legally organized October 6, 
of the same year. On the 20th of October, 1838, Dea. 
Daniel Williams, the only officer in the Congregational 
Church, fourteen other males, and twenty-four females, 
connected themselves with this society, calling themselves 
as a church, by the same name which the new society had 
assumed. They at once commenced public worship in a 
school-hoilse. Rev. N. Holman, who supplied the church 
previous to Mr. Sayward's settlement, being the preacher. 
They afterwards hired the Hall of the Village Hotel, which 
they occupied, until a meeting-house was completed, and 
dedicated in 1839. Rev. Mr. Hunt, afterward of Natick, 


now of Franklin, preached to this people for a time. He 
was never settled. Their first and present Pastor, 

Rev. Mortimer Blake,* of Franklin, a graduate of 
Amherst in 1835, was ordained December 4, 1839. Rev. 
Doctor Smalley, then of Franklin, now of Worcester, 
preached the sermon. The church soon after enjoyed a 
revival of religion which enlarged and strengthened the 
congregation, and added to the church twenty-four ; which 
is less than one thu*d of the number added since its new 

The original Parish, and the residue of the church, con- 
sisting, as nearly as can be ascertained, of four males and 
twenty-five females, united in calling Mr. James L. Stone 
of Bridgewater, a member of Brown University, to become 
their Pastor. He accepted the invitation, and was ordain- 
ed October 28, 1840. He was dismissed in 1844; since 
which time, the pulpit has been occupied by stated sup- 
plies, until 1850, when Mr. Daniel W. Stevens of Marl- 
boro', was ordained as Pastor, which office he continues to 
fill acceptably to his people. 

Society of Friends. 

Up to the year of Mr. Briggs' settlement, but one re- 
ligious society existed in Mansfield, and this embraced 
several families Avithin the Hmits of Stoughton. In 1809, 

* Mr. Blake has published several discourses. I have seen a " sermon 
occasioned by the sudden death of Harvey Cobb, delivered on the Sab- 
bath following," printed in 1 844 ; " a sermon on the spiritual advantages 
of mortality," occasioned by the death of Mrs. Martha Mason, in 1845 ; 
" Two sermons on the import of the Church Covenant, and the duty of 
mutual forbearance, published by reqixest, in 1846 ; " an address deliver- 
ed at the erection of a monument to the memory of Doctor Emmons in 
1846 ; a small work, entitled " Gethsemane and Calvary," portraying 
some of the closing scenes of the life of our Savior. He is now prepar- 
ing a history of the Mendon Association of Ministers, which will soon 
be published, and prove a valuable ecclesiastical document. 


the denomination of Friends built a meeting-house, and 
formed a small congregation. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, 

This church was gathered, and a meeting-house was 
erected in the eastern part of the town, in 1811, Their 
ministers have of course changed nearly if not quite every 

Christian Baptist Church. 

This is located in the westerly part of the town. The 
society was organized, and house of worship built in 1830. 
Their ministers have been Messrs. Morton, Russell, and 

Calvinist Baptist Church. 

That portion of the Baptists in town who were Calvin- 
istic, associated with their brethren of Foxboro', whose 
meeting-house was near the north-western limits of Mans- 
field, until 1837, the year of Mr. Sayward's dismission, 
when a new congregation was formed in the centre of 
Mansfield, and a meeting-house was built, which they still 
occupy. Their ministers, who have not been settled as 
Pastors, but engaged as stated supplies, have been Messrs. 
Tingley, Bosworth, Page, Sibley, Saunderson, Appleton, 
Allen, and Carr. Rev. Mr. Lewis is about entering upon 
ministerial service with that people. 


Note A. Page 287. 

The Substance of a SERMON Pkeached at MANSFIELD, 
July 3, 1808 — p. m. 

By the Rev. ROLAND GREEN, 
Late Pastor of the Church in that Town. 

N. B. This was the last Sermon he ever delivered. Of 
course it may be considered, in some respects, as containing his 
dying words. To his People, they were his Last Words. What 
is here inserted is a SUMMARY of what was then delivered. 
Published by Request. 

Let no man deceive you with vain words ; for because of these 
things cometh the wrath of God, upon the children of diso- 

rilHE Apostle urges the Ephesians to universal holiness ; and 
-^ enforces the duty from the consideration of the divine com- 
passion, displayed in the gospel. He strongly cautions them 
against the gross impurities of the Heathen. Gross immorali- 
ties are to be abhorred. For the Apostle observes : JSfo whore- 
monger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idol- 
ater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of 
God. Such as are impenitent, and allow themselves, either in 
the lusts of the flesh, or the love of the world, do not savingly 
belong to the kingdom of grace ; nor, as such, shall they ever 
come to the kingdom of glory. Let none, then, in this respect, 

ROLAND green's LAST SERMON. 297 

amuse and deceive you, with vain and sophistical reasonings, 
who would attempt a vindication of these things ; or, at least, 
extenuate the evil of them ; as though they were not provoking 
in the eyes of God — or that you may indulge them, and escape 
with impunity. Satan deceived our first parents with vain words 
when he said to them : Ye shall not surely die. On account of 
these things the lorath of God cometh vpon the children of diso- 
hedience and infidelity. If the Heathen are punished for them, 
much less can we suppose, those who profess the gospel — who 
have so much greater advantages, for purity and virtue, in all 
then- branches, and are under such peculiar engagements to 
cultivate the same, shall escape with impunity.* 

By the children of disohedience may be meant the Heathen, 
who disbelieved and refused the gospel ; or more generally, all 
obstinate sinners, who will not be reclaimed. Disobedience is 
the very malignity of sin ; and the wrath of God comes upon 
the children of such, sometimes in this world ; but more awful- 
ly in the next. We ought not to be partakers with them in their 
sins, that we may not be sharers with them in their plagues. 
We partake with other men in their sins, when we pursue the 
same course of disobedience ; when we comply with temptation 
and consent to sin ; but more generally, when we engage with 
them in their sin, prompt them to it, and do not, when in our 
power, prevent them from it. Because of these things, the 
ivrath of God cometh upon the children of disohedience. Ma- 
ny sophistical reasons men have, to palliate and excuse their 
vices ; but if the wrath of God falls upon the Heathen for these 
things, let us not imagine, that we can practice them with im- 
punity ; and let us not presume to be partakers with them. These 
things have reference to the verse preceding our text, where the 
enormities of the Gentile state are displayed. 

The method of our discourse is, to enquire — 

I. What we are to understand by the wrath of God. 
* Vide Dodclridffe in loc. 


II. Who may expect to endure his wrath. 

I. "What we are to understand by the wrath of God. 

The word wrath denotes the highest degree of displeasure, 
and resentment. When we read of the wrath of God, or any 
other passion, it is by way of allusion to man. For in reality 
God is not subject to such passions as we are. Our conceptions 
of God are very imperfect. We want language, when we speak 
of the incomprehensible Deity ; and are forced to borrow meta- 
phors from creatures, especially from man, to describe him. 
Thus we call such a manner of acting, as would be the effect of 
love among men, the Jove of God — and such a manner of act- 
ing, as would be the fruit of anger and resentment among men, 
we call the lorath of God. When we read of God's lorath, we 
are not to understand by it, any such violent emotions of the 
mind, as in man, when provoked to wrath ; but only, as when a 
man is angry with another for some fault or offence, he will pun- 
ish him severely for it, if he has power so to do. So God's 
punishing sinners, with excjuisite tortures in hell, is called his 
wrath. Sometimes the wrath of God comes upon sinners in 
this world, as in Sodom and Gomorrah, Egypt and Jerusalem. 
It is spoken also to denote a future punishment. The day of 
judgment, when God will inflict upon the wicked the full and 
deserved punishment of then- sins, is called the great day of his 
wrath. — Rev. vi. 17. However dreadful the displays of di- 
vine wrath are, in this life, upon communities and particular 
persons, they are not to be compared with the dreadful execu- 
tion of divine wrath in a future state. 

On whom the wrath of God comes, it implies, in the first 
place, a loss of divine favor, and all the blessings which follow 
it. When the final and dreadful sentence shall be given, they 
shall go away ■ — from whom ? From the presence of God and 
Christ ; from the company of the blessed ; and from all the joys 
and glory of heaven ! Was this all, it would be a dreadful pun- 
ishment ; but it implies also a total loss of all that is good and 

ROLAND green's LAST SERMON. 299 

happy, in the last period of time. The Spirit of God will ut- 
terly forsake thein ; nor excite in them one faint desire after 
holiness, when once the soul is banished from God and heaven. 
How will they view their lost happiness ? When the wrath of 
God comes, then closes the scene of all the means of grace ; and 
a consideration of having despised those means, will but increase 
their woe. Secondly, it implies a positive punishment, not only 
a sense of what they have lost, but an infliction of punishment. 
They shcdl go away into everlasting 'punishment, which no 
doubt implies, that they shall suffer pain — the pains of hell. 
There sinners will dwell. There is the never dying worm. 
There miserable wretches suffer the vengeance of eterncd fire. 
These are dreadful images, and fearful representations of the 
state of everlasting condemnation, which will be the portion of 
the wicked. A sense of God's wi'ath, impressed upon the con- 
science, is dreadful ; but it will be greater, when the punish- 
ment shcdl come from the jiresejice of the Lord, and from the 
glory of his p>oiver. 

n. Who may expect to endure the wrath of God. 

When we read in the context of the lusts of the flesh, of cov- 
etousness, and the like, we may say, in consequence of all sin, 
comes the lorath of God. It comes upon such children of dis- 
obedience, as live and die in a state of impenitence ; unreformed 
and without an interest in the pardoning mercy of God, through 
Christ. Such sins as are more immediately committed against 
God ; such as are forbidden by the first table of the law ; or 
those against the second table, which prescribes our duty towards 
our neighbor, deserve this wrath. The Heathen shall not es- 
cape. They will be punished, for their rebellion against the 
light of law and nature. And shall those, who know the 
mind of God, as revealed in the gospel ; who have a clear reve- 
lation of truth and duty, escape ? Stich may expect this wi-ath 
who are neither awed by threatenings, nor moved by mercies. 
Neglecting mercies and means of grace will greatly aggravate 
the condemnation another day ; and the gospel, which was or- 


dained to life, will, to sucli offenders, he unto death. Christ 
told the unbelieving inhabitants of Ghorazin and Bethsaida, 
that it would he more tolerahle for Tyre and Sidon, at the day 
of judgment, than for them. The Heathen, who had been 
guilty of gross immoralities, never had such means of escape, 
as we have under the gospel ; and if we add to all our other 
sins, that of disobeying the gospel and despising an offered Sa- 
vior, the wrath of God ivill come in a dreadful manner. Those 
who have sinned against warnings, counsels and invitations, are 
objects of this wrath. On the unpious and profane ; the ungod- 
ly and irreligious, comes the lorath of God; nor will any such 
escape. No outward profession of religion, nor zeal for doc- 
trines, nor modes of worship, will make up the want of moral 
honesty, in the great day of accounts. 


1. Let us learn, then, not to make light of any sin whatever. 
For God''s wrath will come upon all transgressors of his holy 
law ; and without a pardon, through the blood of Christ, the 
least sin will sink us dovra to hell forever. 

2. Let us be thankful for Jesus Christ. If this wrath comes 
upon a guilty world; and it inevitably will, how should we 
rejoice, that Jesus Christ has taken this wrath upon himself ; 
and has, in his own person, endured the cross, despised the 
shame ; and has opened a way for sinners to escape this wrath ! 
It follows — 

3. That sinners are to be entreated to fly from this wrath. 
Oh ! Be entreated to take the warning ; now be entreated to 
make application to the Son of God, to Jesus the IMediator of 
the new covenant. You see what is coming upon this impious 
world, dead in trespasses and sins ; and be entreated to pre- 
pare TO meet your God, and fly from the wrath to come. 

ROLAND green's CHARGE. 301 

Note B. Page 287. 

TiiEKE is no certain evidence for what particular occasion the 
following Charge was prepared. It was however a " church an- 
tient and renowned," (as Mr. Green expresses it) which was 
about settling a minister, and what more appropriate application 
could the expression have than to the Church of Taunton, and 
what more probable than that the Charge was given in 1780, 
when Ephraim Judson was inducted into the Pastoral office, over 
that Church. 

The charge, by Rev. ROLAND GREEN, Mansfield. 

Whereas it hath pleased the glorious Head of the Church to 
call you to take part of the evangelical ministry, and in his all- 
wise Providence to incline the hearts of this people to invite you 
to become their Spiritual Guide, and you to accept of their in- 
vitation : 

We, who are Pastors of Churches, by special appointment 
hereunto, do in this public manner declare you an ordained min- 
ister, in office ecpal with ourselves, and commit to your pastoral 
care the Church and people of God, usually meeting for public 
worship within these walls — charitably believing that you take 
tlie oversight of them from love to Christ, and a sincere desire to 
promote his interest in the world. 

TV^e shall now proceed to the solemn Charge usually given on 
such occasions, and here a large field opens to our view, of im- 
portant duties inseparably connected with the ministerial charac- 

We charge you before God, the Lord Jesus Christ and the 
elect angeh that you fulfil the ministry you have received — 
take heed to yourself that you be a man of God — take heed to 
your Doctrine, that it be pure. Scriptural and uncorrupted with 
human inventions — preach the word, preach it faithfully, plain- 
ly, affectionately, and with a seriousness becoming a messenger 
sent by God to his people upon their most important concerns ; 


preach Jesus Christ and him crucified, Christ the wisdom and 
the power of God — display the glories of his divine person 
and character — represent him as he is represented in the sacred 
Scriptures, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince 
of peace, the Alpha and the Omega — hold up to view the de- 
pravity of human nature, the necessity of efficacious Grace, 
preach repentance towards God and faith in our Lord Jesus 
Christ, — the nature and importance of universal holiness — 
testify and declare to all such as profess to believe, that they 
maintain good works, as these are good and profitable unto men. 

As an Ambassador and Agent for Christ beseech sinners to 
be reconciled unto God, compel them to come in, as you have 
heard this day. 

As a Steward feed Christ's Sheep and Lambs — as a Watch- 
man, give warning of approaching danger and watch for souls 
as one that must give up an account to the Great Lord of all. 

As a Light in this Golden Candle, shine with the Light of 
Doctrine and Example. 

In reproving and rebuking, see that you attend to these with 
long suffering and patience — in the cause of God be faithful, 
bear a faithful testimony against the prevailing sins of the pres- 
ent day. 

Administer the seals of the new Testament, making a differ- 
ence between the precious and the vile. Open the doors of the 
Church as wide as Christ and his Apostles have set them — nev- 
er narrow the limits of the Church, by unscriptural terms of 
communion. Urge upon your hearers the importance of a 
public profession of Religion, and of bringing their infant off- 
spring to Christ in the way of his ordinance, " for of such is 
the kingdom of heaven." 

In governing the Church, preside with dignity as an officer of 
Christ, and be governed by his Laws, and guard against a lord- 
ly, supercilious temper and conduct. 

ROLAND green's CHARGE. 303 

As you will have power to ordain otliers, keep your eyo on 
the Scriptviral qualifications — " not a Novice, lest be be lifted 
up with Pride." 

Remember there are no extraordinary officers in Christ's king- 
dom, as Prophets, Apostles, Evangelists, but ordinary, such as 
Pastors and Teachers, such as are stationary to feed the flock. 
You will bear a faithful testimony against all such conduct as 
has a tendency to subvert the order of the Gospel, and mtro- 
duce confusion in Towns and Churches. 

Bless the Congregation in the name of the Lord — and re- 
member. Sir, and bear it upon yoiu- mind, that those graces, 
which adorn christians, and which you inculcate upon others, 
should shine with distinguished lustre in your own Character. 

Be thou therefore an example to others in faith, in charity, 
in word and conversation — you are to be sober, just, holy, 
temperate, holding forth the faithful word, that you may be able 
to convince gainsayers — in fine, study to shew yourself approv- 
ed of G-od, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed — you 
must be sensible of your insufficiency for this great work. You 
will therefore give yourself to meditation and prayer, you will look 
up to the great Head of the Church, that his grace may be suf- 
ficient for you. You will need Grace and strength from Christ, 
to make you faithfully to discharge your duty as a minister and 
as a chiistian. 

No doubt you will meet with discouragements and opposition 
if you are faithful, but a steady adherence to the Cause of God, 
will save you from shipwreck. 

"When you consider that this People have put themselves un- 
der your pastoral care — and that you must give an account of 
your Stewardship — you will travail in birth for them, you will 
warn the wicked, and comfort the feeble minded, and consider as 
an incitement to duty, the inspection of him, whose eyes are as 
a flame of fire, as well as the eyes of men. 


And upon tlie whole, if you are found faithful in the discharge 
of all duties as a christian and minister, great will be your re- 
ward in heaven — and Jesus the Judge of all, will pronounce 
this blessed sentence, " Well done, good and faithful servant, 
enter into the joy of your Lord." — Amen. 

I shall now address the Church, brethren in our common Lord. 

Our ready compliance with your call, and attention to the bu- 
siness to which we have been invited are demonstrations of our 
love and respect. This Church, antient and renowned, has 
been respectable ever since its first establishment, has weathered 
many a storm. When innovations crept into many of our churches 
and errors in doctrine, and disorder in practice prevailed, this 
Church, like Judah of old was faithful with the saints. Being 
built upon the Rock of Ages, though surrounded with enemies, 
it stands, having experienced the fulfilment of the Eedeemer's 
promise, " the gates of hell shall not prevail." 'Tis Christ that 
walks in the midst of the golden candlesticks. Oui' charge to 
you is, support your Character, as descendants from such vener- 
able ancestors. Through the tender care of Christ, you have a 
minister settled over you, whereby you will enjoy a regular ad- 
ministration of divine ordinances — receive him, as an ascension 
gift of our blessed Lord, love his person, treat his character with 
tenderness, pray for him, conscientiously attend his ministrations, 
and be at peace among yourselves. 

I conclude with the words of the Apostle ; Finally, brethren, 
farewell; be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live 
in peace, and the Grod of love and peace be vdth you. — Amen. 




The plan proposed in the beginning of this work has 
been very imperfectly accomplished. Many a time during 
the months of its execution, has its humble compiler been 
ready to say with Solomon, not only that " of making many 
books," but, of making a single book, " there is no end." 
To one vrho has had any experience in statistical service, 
it need not be remarked that of aU labor for the press, 
it requires the most research, and the greatest care. And 
■with all our pains-takuig, our short-comings and extreme 
faUibility must be confessed. Had the toil, the extended 
correspondence, and the necessary expense of such an 
undertaking been foreseen, probably the indulgence of the 
commmiity never would have been invoked at the conclu- 
sion of such a history, and this tribute of esteem and af- 
fection, such as it is, never would have been paid to the 
memory of the founders and fathers of our town. With 
all its labor, however, and unappreciated toil, there has 
been no little pleasure in passing these few last months 
among the men of former generations and in the ages that 
have gone by. A sad pleasure indeed sometimes, like 
that of walking alone in the unfrequented grave yard, and 
looking over the indistinct record of the death and burial 


of long departed friends, but nevertlieless a pleasure to 
those who would not forget whence they sprung, who 
would know, not only who, but what hind of men their 
fathers were. 

We have reviewed a period of more than two hundred 
years. We have rescued from oblivion facts in the early 
history of this ancient town, which, if little valued now, 
may possibly be of some use, when two more centuries 
shall have passed away. Besides incidental notices of 
other professions* and of other men, historical memoirs, 
either more or less extended have been given of thirty- 
four ministers,! prior to the present century, and of as 
many more since that time, who, for the most part, have 
done the church and the world important service in their 
day and generation, but whose ministry on earth has al- 
ready expired, or is soon to cease forever. 

These aU have been successors in the ministry to two 
men, Hooke and Street, the associated Pastors of the 
small church in the wilderness of Taunton in 1637. That 
wilderness spot is now covered with a population, (accord- 
ing to the United States Census of 1850,) of twenty 
thousand, six hundred and fourteen ; of which 

* Note A. 

t Their names are as follows : William Hooke, Nicholas Street, 
George Shove, Samuel Danforth, Thomas Clap, Josiah Crocker, Caleb 
Barnum, Elias Jones, Ephraim Judson, John Foster, John Lyon, Wil- 
liam W. Wheeler, Aaron Wheeler, Sj-lvcster Eound, William Nelson, 
Samuel Nelson, Ebenezer Nelson, Joseph Arery, Joseph Palmer, Pitt 
Clarke, Nathaniel Eisher, John Smith, Elder Go'fF, Matthew Short. Jo- 
seph Belcher, Solomon Prentice, Archibald Campbell, William Eeed, 
John Wales, Peres Fobes, Samuel Tobey, Thomas Andros, Ebenezer 
White, Roland Green, all of whom were preachers within the limits of 
the original Taunton preYious to the present century. 


are included in Taunton proper, 10,4-31 


" Norton, 

" Dighton, 

" Easton, 

" Raynham, 

" Berkley, 

" Mansfield, 

.Not only these, but every other town in the county of 
Bristol have sprung into being since William Hooke 
preached his famous Fast Day Sermon on the bank of the 
Tetiquet, in the "Tetiquet Purchase," in 1640, in the 
hearing of Richard Williams, Elisabeth Pool, Wilham 
Pool, and a score or two beside them, of kindred spirits.* 
The descendants of those who listened to that sermon, 
and asked for its publication ; the descendants of those 
who from a cu-cuit of many miles, even to the extreme 
limit of the "North" and "South Purchase," came to 
"Taunton Green" to hear not only Hooke and Street, 
but Shove and Danforth preach, those of them yet re- 
maining within the limits of the ancient town, are distrib- 
uted, as we have seen, through thirty-nine churches and 
congregations of professed worshipers and answering to 
the call of the "chm-ch going bell," listen every Lord's 
Day to the instructions of as many professed ministers of 
God's word. With what more appropriate prayer, could 
one who has been occupied so long in the preparation of 
the preceding sheets for the press, conclude his work, 
than that which the devout Psalmist hath taught us to 
* Note B. 


" Turn us again, God of Hosts, and cause Thy face 
to shine ; and we shall be saved. Thou hast brought a 
vine out of Egypt ; Thou hast cast out the heathen and 
planted it. Thou preparedst room before it, and didst 
cause it to take deep root, and it filled the land. The 
hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs 
thereof were like the goodly cedars. She sent out her 
boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river. 
Return, we beseech Thee, God of Hosts,; Look down 
from Heaven, and behold, and visit this vine, and the 
vineyard, which Thy right hand hath planted, and the 
branch that Thou madest strong for Thyself. Let Thy 
hand be upon the man of .Thy right hand, upon the Son 
of Man, whom Thou madest strong for Thyself. So will 
not we go back from Thee : quicken us, and we will call 
upon Thy name. Turn us again, Lord God of Hosts, 
cause Thy face to shine, and we shaU be saved." 





Died- inlBostojv .Ma-y // ^^ -/Sf^^a^eiiy J5 4- -years 


Note A. Page 306. 

A RELATIVE of Judgo Paine furnished me with the following 
sketch of his ancestor, after my own Ibrief notice had been sent 
to the press : 

"Robert Treat Paine was born in Boston, March 12, 1731. 
His father. Rev. Thomas Paine, was born in Barnstable, grad- 
uated at Harvard College, 1717, and ordained at "Weymouth, 
but in consequence of ill health removed to Boston in 1730, 
and afterwards resigning the ministry engaged in mercantile 

His mother was daughter of Rev. Samuel Treat of Eastham, 
son of Governor Robert Treat of Connecticut, and was a grand- 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Willard, Vice President of Harvard 

Mr. Paine studied at the Public Latin School, and graduated 
at Harvard College in 1749 : he had hitherto enjoyed the ad- 
vantages which wealth could afford to an only son, but his fath- 
er suffering a loss of property just as he graduated, he thereaf- 
ter became dependent on his own exertions. 

After keeping a school for a year, he made three voyages to 
North Carolina, acting as Master, and in the last going to Fayal 
and Cadiz, and then went as Master to the coasts of Grreenland 
on a whaling voyage. 

On his return he went in 1755 to Lancaster and commenced 
reading law with his relative, Judge Willard ; and while pur- 
suing his studies, preached at Shirley. Mr. Willard being ap- 


pointed Colonel of a regiment raised for the great expedition of 
that year to Crown Point, he was appointed chaplain of the 
regiment, was at the camp at Lake George about three months 
till it broke up, and while there and at Albany was in company 
with many high civil and military officers. His sermons at 
Shirley and at the camp, and maps and plans of the camp and 
country sketched by him are still preserved. 

He finished his preparatory reading of law in Mr. Pratt's 
office in Boston, was admitted to the Bar in 1757, and com- 
menced practice in Boston, but in 1761 removed to Taunton. 

He now constantly attended the Superior and Inferior Courts 
at Boston, Taunton, Plymouth and Barnstable, and frequently 
at Worcester and other places. His great powers of mind, 
profound knowledge of law, and habits of thorough investiga- 
tion early brought him a large practice, which increased till it 
was probably not exceeded by that of any lawyer in the State. 
Many of the most eminent gentlemen and merchants of Boston, 
though he did not reside there, were his clients. Bradford in 
his history of Massachusetts says that as a lawyer he was con- 
sidered among the most eminent in the Province. He was an 
early and zealous supporter of the popular interest and in in- 
tercourse and counsel with the influential men of the party — 
with James Otis in particular he was on terms of personal and 
political friendship ; but his professional busiuess was too exten- 
sive and important to him to permit him in the earlier part of 
the contest to devote himself exclusively to politics. 

In 1768, when a Convention from all the State was called at 
Boston on account of the troops being ordered here, his presence 
was desired, and he attended as a delegate from Taunton : his 
devotion to the cause and high character for inflexible principle 
and practical wisdom, as well as his eminence at the Bar served 
to inspire confidence and give him a wide influence. 

In 1770 he was married to Sally, daughter of Thomas Cobb, 
Esq., and sister of General David Cobb. 

After the Boston Massacre March 5, 1770, he was immedi- 
ately, on the 9th of the same month, retained by the Town of 


Boston to conduct tlic prosecution of Captain Preston and the 
British soldiers, and at the trials in the ensuing autumn he ac- 
cordingly took the place of the Attorney General. 

In 1773 the time had come when all other interests must 
yield to the public cause, and he now devoted himself to it. Ho 
was Chairman of a large Committee of the town of Taunton on 
the tyrannical measures of the Government, and drafted the 
high toned resolutions that were passed. He was a representa- 
tive from Taunton and was one of the Committee which prepar- 
ed the letter to Lord Dartmouth, one of the leading members 
on the Report on the Hutchinson Letters and Address for the 
Governor's removal, and Chairman of the Committee on the 
Impeachment of Chief Justice Oliver — many, if not all, the 
addresses and reports on both these great measures were at leaet 
mainly prepared by him. During the winter session a riot oc- 
curred at Marblehead which caused much uneasiness to the 
friends of liberty, and he was one of the Committee sent there 
to inquire into it. 

In 1774, as soon as the General Court met at Salem in June, 
the alarming state of the Province was discussed in a secret 
conclave of the members of the popular party and it was decid- 
ed to recommend a Continental Congress. A serious obstacle 
to the adoption of this measure presented itself : it belonged to 
the Committee on the state of the Province to report it to the 
House, and Mr, Leonard of Taunton, a friend of Government, 
was on that Committee, and the moment such a measure was 
proposed, would make it known to the Governor, who would at 
once dissolve the General Court. To remove the obstacle Mr. 
Paine proposed to Mr. Leonard to go home and attend to their 
law business at the court at Taunton, and return in a few days. 
Mr. Leonard assented and they both left. The Committee re- 
ported, the recommendation of a Continental Congress was 
voted, and the Delegates chosen. 

As had been foreseen, the General Court was instantly dis- 
solved; but the work had been accomplished. The Governor's 
messenger arrived before the business was quite completed, and 


tlie assembly caused their door to be fastened and allowed Mm 
to knock awhile, until they had finished. 

"The Delegation to the first Congress in 1774," says the 
biographer of Mr. Gerry, ' ' combined men highest in the es- 
teem and confidence of their fellow-citizens. Massachusetts 
sent to that assembly Thomas Gushing, Samuel Adams, Robert 
Treat Paine, James Bowdoin and John Adams, men whose 
weight of talent and character was suited to the arduous and 
responsible duties they were destined to perform. In 1775, Mr. 
Bowdoin declined a reelection and John Hancock was appoint- 
ed in his place. Mr. Gushing retired at the end of the same 
year, and was succeeded by Mr. G-erry." 

Mr. Paine was the only one of the Delegates now chosen who 
did not belong to Boston. The Delegates, (except Mr. Bow- 
doin, who never went,) left Boston on the 10th August, under 
a large escort, and at the principal places on their route were 
received with escorts and other great attentions. 

Gongress was in session during September and October, and 
Mr. Paine, on his return to Taunton in November, was received 
with great rejoicings by the Sons of Liberty. 

In 1775, in the winter and spring, he attended the 2d Pro- 
vincial Congress at Cambridge, and was one of the Committee 
on the state of the Province. In April he left for the Congress 
at Philadelphia, which met in May. 

The war was now begun and Congress were to carry it on; 
an army was already in the field and money was readily obtain- 
ed by the issue of bills; but the great want was of equipments 
for the army, powder, cannon and fii-e-arms; and to provide 
these supplies Committees of Gongress were appointed, at the 
head of which as Chairman, Mr. Paine was placed : and to the 
performance of this work he now for a year and eight months 
devoted himself with unremitted zeal and energy. Of powder 
there was little in the country and still less of the materials for 
its manufacture, sulphur and saltpetre. How to obtain saltpetre 
was a serious question. After much labor and study, and con- 
sulting chemists and chemical and other scientific works, Mr. 


Paine planned practical modes and processes by wliicli it could 
be obtained, and explained them in a printed essay, which was 
distributed to all parts of the country ; almost infinite labor was 
then required, by circulars to the assemblies, letters to influen- 
tial persons and personal applications, to procure its production 
in sufficient quantities. Grreat exertions were also required to 
obtain supplies of sulphur ; and when the materials were obtain- 
ed, to set establishments and mills in operation for the manufae- 
ture of the powder. Of cannon and fire-arms, the shape, cali- 
bre and dimensions were to be settled, models and drawings 
made, and foundries and factories set in operation. Large con- 
tracts were made and constant supervision exercised to ensure 
their faithful and prompt execution. A number of factories 
and mills were also established and conducted for the Continen- 
tal account. These efforts were attended with great success, 
and to them the army was largely indebted for its supply of 
those articles during the early part of the war. 

Mr. Paine labored on these committees with untiring assidui- 
ty to the end of the year 1776, when he returned home. Dur- 
ing this period he was constant in attendance in Congress, tak- 
ing part in the debates ; he also acted on many other important 

In November, 1775, he was appointed with R. R. Livingston 
and Gov. Langdon, a Committee to visit the army on the North- 
ern frontier, with extensive powers as to the increase, 'plans and 
destination of it — a commission of great importance and deli- 
cacy, from which they returned at tlie end of December. He 
was one of a committee to prepare rules of debate ; to inquire 
into the causes of the miscarriages in Canada ; to devise ways 
and means for putting the militia in a state for the defence of 
America; to establish a Hospital; to consider what 23rovision 
ought to be made for those disabled in the public service ; to 
purchase clothing for the army ; to report a method for estab- 
lishing and training cavalry ; in relation to prizes ; on admiralty 
appeals ; and on many other matters. 

On the 4th July, 1776, he was present in Congress and 


signed the Declaration of Independence. Mr. Paine amved 
home at Taunton, December 30, 1776, in the enjoyment of a 
high reputation throughout the country for the services he had 
rendered — his biographer states that his reputation for talents 
and zeal and activity in the cause now stood as high as that of 
any man in the State. 

He was elected to Congress for 1777 and 1778, but did not 
again attend ; the capture of Philadelphia, near which many of 
the foundries and powder mills were situated, and the arrival in 
the SjDring of large supplies from France rendered his presence 
there probably less necessary. 

In 1777, he took a seat in the Legislature by a vote of both 
Houses. In May he was elected a representative from Taun- 
ton, was part of the time Speaker, was a delegate to a Conven- 
tion of the five Eastern States at Springfield, and in August 
was unanimously elected Attorney G-eneral. 

In 1778, he was a delegate to the Convention at Hartford 
for the regulation of prices, and drafted the address ; the chair- 
man of a Commission appointed by Congress to investigate the 
causes of the failure of the Rhode Island expedition; one of 
the Committee of the Legislature for preparing a Constitution 
for the State, and is reported to have been the chief author of 
the draft — this was one of the first models of an instrument 
since become so familiar — it gave rise to able discussions, and 
many alterations and improvements being suggested, was not 
adopted; but in the Convention of 1779, in which Mr. Paine 
was again on the Committee for preparing the draft, it served 
as the outline from which the Constitution of 1780 was formed. 

He was one of the Council in 1779 and 1780, and under 
the new Constitution was again appointed Attorney General 
and was one of the Committee for revising the laws. 

The duties of his oifico rendered it inconvenient for him to 
reside out of Boston, and in 1781 — after a residence in Taun- 
ton of twenty years — he purchased and removed to the large 
house and estate, formerly the residence of Grov. Sliirley, at the 
corner of Milk and Federal streets in Boston. 


Tbo office of Attorney General he lield from 1777 to 1790, 
a period (jf anxiety, distress, crime and rebellion. Tbo advis- 
ing a new government in all important measures, the confisca- 
tion of the estates of Tories, and tlie trials of the Insurgents 
during Shay's Insurrection, were labors added by the times to 
the arduous duties of that office. After the war was over, there 
followed a period of such exhaustion and lassitude that the foun- 
dations of society and morals seemed on the verge of being 
broken up ; the high moral tone of the Revolution yielded un- 
der the pressure of debt, taxation, bankruptcy and distress; a 
hatred of Government and laws threatened to become prevalent, 
and the shades of impending demoralization, anarchy and 
license cast gloom and anxiety over society. Government was 
to be maintained and the laws enforced. The Attorney Gen- 
eral was not a man to Mter in a time of difficulty or danger, 
and the duties of his office were performed with singular fidelity 
and great legal ability. 

The popularity of John Hancock, the Governor, was lessen- 
ed during this awful crisis and it may well be supposed that the 
Attorney General reaped a full share of the ill-will of the dis- 
affi3cted portions of the community. 

In 1790 the office of Judge of the Supreme Court, which he 
had declined in 1775, '80, '82 and '81, was again offered him, 
and in view of his advanced age he now accepted it. He re- 
signed in 1804, and was chosen to the Council, but declined a 
reelection ; and enjoying his mental faculties in full vigor, and 
retaining his interest in his friends and country to the close of 
his life, he died May 12, 1814, aged eighty-three years. 

Mr. Paine possessed great intellectual powers and mental ac- 
tivity, an earnest love of knowledge, and great firmness, decis- 
ion and energy of character; his memory was retentive and 
ready, his extensive knowledge on all subjects well digested, 
and his -wisdom practical and operative. As a sound lawyer, 
and in thorough knowledge of the common law, he had no su- 
perior. He had great taste for literature and science, and for 
many of the mechanic arts, and agricultural pursuits were his 
delight even in his busiest moments. 


Kelisiious faith and trust in Providence were abidino; and con- 
trolling elements in his character. In the cause of general ed- 
ucation he always took a deep interest and constantly urged ita 
imjDortance. He was an unfailing attendant on public worship. 
His habits were domestic, regular and temperate. He was tall 
in stature, and a voice, whose tones were a deep bass, a serious 
if not stern expression of countenance, and a severity as well 
as frankness of manner gave him the appearance of greater 
sternness than he possessed. He had kind feelings, warm sym- 
pathies, and a social disposition, and his attachments were strong 
and lasting. Possessing great powers of conversation, wit and 
humor, and full of anecdote, he delighted in social intercourse, 
and his family circle was the scene of unrestrained freedom and 
enjoyment. His hospitality was generous, and his house was 
the constant resort of his numerous acquaintance. Sterling 
integrity, inflexible principle, an uncompromising sense of jus- 
tice were the distinguishing traits of his Spartan character." 

Note B. Page 307. 

I FORTUNATELY found at the eleventh hour, several most val- 
uable original letters from early settlers of Taunton, among the 
Hinckley and Mather Papers, in the 5is. Collections of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, which, according to the By- 
laws of that Society I am not permitted to publish entire, but 
from which, by special vote, I have been allowed to make liber- 
al extracts. The letters are given in the order of time, in which 
they were written. 

NuMBEFv. 1. (Mather Papers, Yol. 1, Numter 34.) 
Letter from Nicholas Street, " to Ins Jionored, and assur- 
ed good friend, Mr. Samuel Baclie, at his house in 

Dear Sir : — I was fully purposed, if God had not hindered, 
to have gone into the Bay, now with Mr. Eutherford. But it 
pleased God to visit Eev. Mr. Dav. (enport) with some ilnes by 
meanes of a great cold, as I think, (some think it was an ague) 


which put a sto]i at present to my intended voyage ; Imt lie is 
recovering tliru' God's goodness, and in a hopeful way to come 
forth the next Sabbath, which, if he doth, I intend, God wil- 
ling, to take ye first opportunity. I remember some advice I 
received from you, against communicating my thoughts in wi'it- 
ing about the Synodalia to such as I intended ; whereupon I 
did lay that business aside for a time. But it was with me 
something like to that in Jeremia ch. 20 : 9. I had never a 
stronger bent in my spirit to any undertaking, and had a great 
conflict upon some account, too large to write, which did drive 
me to God to seek direction, guidance and help of Him, with- 
out which I can do nothing, being nothing in or of myself, and 
He hath graciously answered me. I know, I am sure, that He 
hath been with me in this work, and hath given me to see here 
a little, and there a little, which I did not so clearly see before. 
If I could call any thing that came from me the child of my 
prayers and tears, I can this.* Something of God there is in it, 
tho' mixed with many weaknesses of mine. I hope it may do 
good to some, tho' it is very like it would be unpleasing to oth- 
ers, if it should come to their view. I have had thought to im- 
part it in the first place to Mr. Mather, Sen. , out of my rever- 
end esteem of him and singular affection to him for the Grace 
of God in him, but not concerning myself, I have sent what I 
have done unto yourself. * * * 

If you judge, that it is likely to attain any good end by com- 
municating it to him (Mr. Mather, Sen.,) to peruse for a short 
time, I shall leave it to your discretion. * * 

Myself and wife salute you in the Lord. I do desire to have 
our due respects with unfeigned hearty affection presented to 
good Mrs. Bache, as also to your sister. Committing you to 
God and His Grace, I rest yours in Christ, 

Nicholas Street. 

N. H. 15 of the 3d (16)66. 

* This probably is the "lost production" referred to on page 169, 
vol. 1, which Mr. Mather. Sen., on examining, prefaced with remarks of 
his own, and published. Wc may well regret its loss. 



My due respects to Mr. Mather, Jun., and to his honored 
father, if you speak with him. I suppose I need not desire your 
prayers for us, as being persuaded that you are mindful of us 
that way, as we also are of you, not only in ye family prayers, 
but sundry times this winter, in days of humiliation at our 

No. 2. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 2, No. 3.) 
Letter of Richard Williams and three others, " to the 
Worshipfull Thomas Hinckley, Esq., to he communi- 
cated to others, our ivortJiy and loving friends, concern^ 
ed in the contents, in the Townships of Barnstable, 
Sandivich, ^c. Present with careP 

Taunton, Ap. 15, (16)76. 
HoNOEED AND Beloved : — We have received your affection- 
ate letter, full of Love and undeserved bountie toward us your 
unworthy Brethren and neighbours, and do bless God that He 
hath given us soe much room in your hearts, that you soe freely 
tender us, a part with you in your houses, fields, and provisions, 
at such a time when the Lord is threat'ning us with bereave- 
ment of our own. It much comforteth us in this day of dark- 
ness and distresse, we assuring ourselves thereby, that if our 
distresses continue, and increase, we shall want noe succour you 
are able to afford us. We therefore return you all serious thanks 
for your syneere and abundant Love, beseeching the Lord still 
to continue and increase your peace and abilitie and readiness 
to relieve the distresses in this evil daye. Nevertheless upon 
the serious and mature deliberation upon and consideration of 
your soe great offer, we cannot at present comply with a motion 
to remove and quitt our places, and leave our habitations to be 
a desolation, and that because we fear we should, in soe doing, 
be wanting to the name of God, and the interest of Christ in 
this place and bewraye much diffidence and cowardice, and give 
the adversarye occasion of tryumph over us, to ye reproach of 
that great and fearfull Name of our God, that is called on us. 
Our sins are already such as might render our friends, (did 


they know us) affraid to entertain us ; and what can we expect 
of the issue of such an addition thereunto, but that the hands of 
the Lord would follow us, and find us out whithersoever we fled. 
Besides, if the Lord hath any pleasure and will soe farr favour 
and honour us, we judge wc may here be more serviceable to ye 
country than elsewhere, and hazzards of removals (as great as 
of abiding where we are) avoided ; and who can tell, but that 
ye Lord may make way for our enjoyment of seed time and 
harvest here, by prosjiering our forces wliich are coming forth, 
if we could but humble oui'selves before Hun. And if the Lord 
have no delight at all in us, but will for our sins (which were 
but just) make His dwelling place here as Shiloh, we are in 
His hands. The Lord doe with us as seemeth good in His 
sight. Here we have sinned, and here we submit ourselves to 
suffer, except the Lord's Providence, and order or advice of 
Authorities shoiild plainly determine us to removall ; in case 
whereof, we shall esteem it an undeserved kindness, to find 

shelter among yourselves, and comply with your motion.* 

» * * 

Your obliged Brethren, and friends and servants in ye Lord, 
(in the name of the Town,) 

EiCHARD Williams, 
Walter Deane, 
George Macy, 
William Harvey. 

No. 3. (Mather Papers, Vol. 1, No. 72.) 

Letter of William Hook " to the Rev. 31r. Increase 3IatJi- 

er, Preacher of ye Ciospel at Boston, in JSfeiv-Eng- 


Bev'd Sir: — I received your letter dated (I think) in May 
last, in which you acquaint vs with ye trouble yt ye Eastern In- 
dians do create you. Thus God is pleased to leug-then out your 
exercise through a cruell, perfidious, and blasphemous genera- 

* They propose sending their cattle for safety, and in conclusion ask 
an interest in their prayers. 


con of very Tbruitish men. I am sorry yt you write no more 
comfortably concerning Reformacon, and I bad lately a letter 
from Mr. Bisbop, Pastor of Stanfford, wbo writes concerning it 
mucb as you bare done. I bave sent you included berein a 
catalog-ue of ye ministers yt dyed, most of tbem, in and near 
London witbiu ye last 10 or 12 years.* Tbis, I tbink, is like 
to be my last letter to you. My stomacb fayles me. I bave no 
appetite to any food, or very little, at any time. Tbe keepers 
of ye bouse begin to tremble, and ye strong men to bow tbem- 
selves, and ye grinders cease becauf^e tbey are few, and ye 
clouds return after ye rain. Yet Grod is pleased to enable me 
to preacb bitberto, but my spirits are growing weak, and my 
breatb is very sbort. I bope tbro' ye Grace of our Lord Jesua 

Cbrist to be witb Him ere long. 

* * * ■ 

I must conclude. Tbe Fatber of Mercies and Grod of all 
consolation be witb you, and bless your studies and labours in 
His work. In Him I rest. 

Tbe 7tb of ye 6tb Yours to serve you to ye last, 

1677. William HooK.t 

No. 4. (Matber Papers, Vol. 1, No. 73.) 
Letter from Jane Hook '•'•for Mr. Increase Matlier^ Min- 
ister of the Gospel .f in Boston, Neio-England.''^ 
Keveeend Sir : — Tbe last day'of ye 5tb montb my busband 
did reseve a kind letter from you. Blessed be ye Lord yt you 
are so wel, but I was sorry to bear yt New-England bad made 
no better use of ye Lord's stroke upon tbem. We are much 
inquiring after ye afares of our bretbren in N. E. and very 
mucb troubled to here of ye great destresses yt bave come from 
ye beatben, slaying and murdering so many, and fii-ing so many 
plantations, as your book sent over dos mention, (Many tbanks 

* This catalogue includes the names of 47 in London, and 40 in the 

t It will be observed that the first minister of Taunton -vn-ote his name 
■without the final e. I have given it in this work, as it was found in con- 
nection with the sermons printed in London in 1641, and 1645. 


for your book to mc.) Sir, your sorrowcs is ours, and your 
comfort ours. I hope your brethren and friends there dos sym- 
jDathise with yon. And truly I am sorry when I think of it, 
yt we have remembered our brethren no more. But this I am 

sure of, we forget you not in our prayers, at ye Thrown of Grace. 

* * * 

I am glad that ye old cloathes were of any use to ye breth- 
ren with you. I am willing to do a little, being incouraged. — 

* * * 

I beg your payers yt I may live to (honor) ye Lord. 

I am your unworthy sister, 
6th mo. 8th day, Jane Hook.* 


No. 5. (Mather Papers, Vol 2, No. 52.) 

Letter of Jane Hook '■'■for ye Rev. Preacher of ye Cros- 

jyel, Mr. Increase 3Iather, at Boston, New -En gland. 

Rev'd Sir: — Hering how welcom ye old cloathes were to 

those poor ministers ye last yeer, I have adventured, to send a 

few more. 

* * * 

Pray, Sir, be pleased to accept of two pare of gloves, which 
you will reseve yeself (for) those poor ministers which Mr. 
Noyse and Mrs. Nowell did speak of. I beg yr prayers, and 
remain. * * * 

Your loving friend, 
4m 27, (16)78. Jaxe Hook. 

No. 6. (Mather Papers, Vol. 3, No. 7.) 
Letter of Jane Hook to Rev. Increase Blather. 
Rev. Sir : 

What ye Lord has moved hearts, I have sent. Pray let Mr. 

* It is supposed that " Jane Hook " was the wife of William Hook, 
and sister of Whallev, the Regicide. Eev. Joseph B. Felt, in answer to 
a letter of inqniry, writes : '• Her deep interest in New-England, and its 
ministers, is favorable to the supposition, that she was the wife of Wil- 
liam Hook." 


Newil be remembered (in tbe) cloatlies : and (ye) money, I 
leave it to your wisdom and care. Do not forget my Hon. and 
precious friend's (who is now with tlieir Lord) his grandchild. 
The Lord has bless'd your letter sent to me, and honoured Rev. 
Mr. Davenport, peace of his letter. * * 

Dr Sir, you did pen your letter so well, that I did show it to 
many precious^soules — My kind respects to your dear wife. 

Your loving friend, 

Jane Hook. 
I have sent two pare of gloves to you and two pare for my 
unknown friend, Mr. John Cotton. 
1 m. 5 day, (16)79. 

No. 7. (Mather Papers, Vol. 3, No. 18.) 
Lettey- of Jane Hook to Rev. Increase Mather. 
Rev. Sir: — I thro' the Lord's mercy have made known 

your letter here. 

* * * 

Such is ye extremity of 0. E.; that here are hearts full of 
comjjassioji and tender affection but strength is wanting. Sir, 
a few eloathes and 6/5s in money you will receive, (all from a 
good God) 

^ ^ ^ 

2m. 7d, '79. Jaxe Hook. 

No. 8. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 1, No. 14.) 

Letter of Greorge Shove to Governor IlhicMey. 

Worshipful Sir: — Since my return from Plimouth, I hear 
of a petition or motion (for I know not wt to call it, my infor- 
mation is so slender) of the Quakers to the authorities of this 
Collony, that they may be ( ) for voting and bearing 

office in Townships where they dwell; and as it is represented 
to me, their Cause is so farr favoured yt it is counselled on their 
behalf, because they will not take the oath of allegiance, that 
an engagement may be framed on purpose for them, that so yr 
incapacity mayc be removed for their cujoj^ing of privileges in 
common with other subjects. Had I heard of it before my 


coming from Plim. I should have endeavored a rlglit under- 
standing of the matter * 

* * * 

11 June, 1G79. George Shove. 

No. 9. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 1, No. 20.) 
Letter of (Jeorgc Shove " to the Right WorshijrfuU Crov- 
ernor and Deputi/ Cfoverno?' with the Worshipfidl As- 
sistants, assembled at Plimoutli, June 1, 1680." 
RiGuT HONOURABLE AND woRSuiPFULL : — It Were great in- 
gratitude to Grod who continueth our peace, and maketh us so 
happy in our Rulers in this wilderness, tinnecessarilye to aug- 
ment their burden and trouble. This consideration with manye 
more upon the heart of your petitioner, hath made him slowe to 
complaiue, as willing rather to suflfer than contend for his Right, 
being assured that God knows how to requite Good for the 
wi'ong so suffered from men. But now, (at least to his own 
apprehension) he has concluded under a necessitie to make your 
authoritie his refuge. Be pleased therefore to take cognisance 

of his grievance, presented to your view "as followeth.f 

* * * 

♦ In this your petitioner brieflie (yet he trusts you will finde 
faithfully) has represented his case before you, to whose sen- 
tence and judgment he freely subjects it, requesting your favor- 
able construction of this his address, who most unwillinglie and 
of constraint, occasions you such trouble, is bound incessantlie 
to pray for you, and subscribeth himself, worthie patriots, your 
servant in every thing in the Lord, 

George Shove. 

* The Ms. is very difficult to decipher. But with all its illegibility, 
none the less welcome as disproving what was supposed to be true, in 
preparing the notice iu tlie preceding volume, (pp. 171-176,) that " not 
the smallest fragment of a Ms. remained." 

t The "grievance" complained of, was the omission of his name in 
the Title given to the "North Purchase." It would seem that this omis- 
sion was the result of some misunderstanding in the matter of payment. 
Most of the proprietors were in favor of entering the name, but a few 
objected. By referring to vol. 1, page .38, it will be found his name was 
entered, according to this petition, in 1682. 


No. 10. (Mather Papers, Vol. 4, No. 17.) 

Letter of Jane Sook to Rev. Increase Mather. 
I received two letters from you in wli you give a full account 

tow the benefactors money was laid out. 

* * * 

Pray let not Mrs. Davenport be forgotten, whose husband's 
father was Pastor of New-Haven. * * 

5m. 2d, (16)81. Jane Hook. 

P. S. I hope you had some of the money Dr. Owen's 
church sent over. 

No. 11. (Mather Papers, Vol. 4, No. 8.) 

Letter of Jane Hooh to Rev. hicrease Mather. 

I was very glad to receive yr lines, but especially that the 

Lord had answered prayer for your life. 

« * * 

2m. 14d, (16)82. Jane Hook. 

No. 12. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 1, No. 28.) 

Letter of Qeorge Shove to Crovernor Hinckley. 

Taunton, FehW 23,(16)81 
Right "Worshipfull Sir : — It hath been my ambition now 
for a great while to wait upon you at Barnstable ; but Provi- 
dence hitherto hath given check thereto, and I am not able to 
say when I shall be favoured with an opportunitie to perform 
ray respects to your worship in such a way. These are there- 
fore to present my service to you and JMrs. Hinckley, and testi- 
fy my deep sense of obligation, and to bespeak yr favourable 
construction, that tidings of yr sickness (that I say not death) 
have not commanded from me a visit. You are very much up- 
no my heart, especially considering the times we are brought 
unto, and the almost insuperable difficulties, that appear every 
day (at least in my apprehension) in your way to accomplishing 
of any thing considerable for the interest of religion, which I 
believe is upon your heart above any other concern in ye world. 
And I doubt not you liave the prayers of all our Churches 


(such as they arc) that yo Lord will he with you, aud I hope 
some are not wanting to offer to your pious consideration, what 
may he necessarie to he done for the honor of God and further- 
ance of Reformation, who are much hotter ahle to deal thorowly 
therein than myself Yet one thing I cannot hut suggest, which 
sometimes formerly I have mentioned, as of great concernment, 
and that is, that some effectuall provision (if it he possihle) 
may he made against the open prophanation of the Lord's Day. 
I must confesse, it is very hard to suppresse that sin in some 
parts of our Collony, and I fear every day will render this more 
difficult. Had Pocasset Lands heen in the hands of men that 
had syncere regard to religion, there were much more hopes of 
effecting something to the purpose. The Lord of His mercy 
doe away the guilt of so improvident (that I say not irreligious) 
disposall of those lands. The sad consequence whereof will 

soon appear. 

* * * 

If, in this soe desperate a case, your Honor can finde out any 
sure expedient that the prophaning of the Lord's Day may he 
prevented, it will much conduce to the growing of Religion, and 
the turning away of Grod's wrath from us, which also will un- 
doubtedly kindle a fire upon us, not to he quenched. At the 
next Court, it is my purpose to wait upon you at Plimouth, if 
the Lord will. I was at Boston the heginning of this month, 
hut brother Walley being at Barnstable at that time, I doubt 
not he gave your Honour a more full account of the state of 
England, «fec., than opportunity will give me leave now to doe 
by letter. Committing therefore yoiu'self and all the great con- 
cerns under your hands to Him that can doe above all we can 
ask or think, I subscribe your Honoru"'s much 
obliged servant, 

George Shove. 

No. 13. (Mather Papers, Vol. 5, No. 19.) 
Letter of Jane Hooh " to the Rev, Mr. Wilson, Boston^ 
Worthy and dere beloved in ye Lord : — The Lord has 


sent you 411)8. 20s of it came from your worthy friend Mr. 

Ginkines and 31bs from diverse of ye Lord's people. 

* * * 

Horrid wickedness here ! oh, the patience of Grod ! That He 

does not rain down fire and brimstone from Heaven. 

* * * 

Be very earnest in your prayers to the Lord that His people 
be not carried away with false worship, but stand close to 
Christ's pure worship. I should be glad to hear how your son 
does do at New-Haven. * * 

Your loving sister in Christ, 

Jane Hook. 

When you have days of prayer, my case is, this dreadful 
heart sins and lacks faith. I have not those aflfections I should 
in hearing the word, mention my case. 

3m. 25d, (16)83. 

No. 14. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 1, No. 45.) 
Letter of Creorge Shove to G-overnor Hinckley. 
This letter is dated " Taunton, July 3, (16)83." It relates 
principally to the Indians, and the Quakers, who were on trial 
at Plymouth, the former for murder, the latter for riot and blas- 
phemy. The letter is very obscure, but it is to be gathered 
from it, that the minister of Taunton would have his Honour 
not fear to discharge his whole duty, and in case of guilt, be- 
come a ' ' terror to evil doers. ' ' 

No. 15. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 2, No. 20.) 

Letter of Samuel Danfortli^ " to the Honored Thomas 

Hinekley, Esq., in Barnstable. These " 

Taunton, 5d, 7>n. 1687. 
Honored Sir: — Hearing of yr good Inclinations to take the 
trouble of visiting Taunton at the time appointed for Ordina- 
tion: Gratitude obliged to an Express acknowledgement there- 
of : which with the concurrent earnest desires of the principall 
of the Town, I have adventured to performe by these rude 


lines : The Time appointed for that Solemnity is the 21 Day 
of the instant mo., on wliicli we shall have a double exercise, 
God willing. I beg your Prayers for myselfe, utterly unfit for 
such great service in the Church of God, but by an unwonted 
concurrence of Providences thrust forth into service by no little 
violence. Christ was led into a wilderness to be tempted; and 
the Duties of a Rurall life are not without temptations. But 
the Grace of Christ is sufficient for such to whom He gives the 
hand of faith to receive it. 

Hon'd Sir : I hope there is no need to repeat the desires of 
ye People of your presence. You are fully acquainted with 
their dangers, and difficulties, and need of counsell. Craving 
your excuse of my boldness, and presenting my humble service 
to yr Honor, I remain your unworthy friend and servant, 

* * Samuel Danforth. 

No. 16. (Hinckley Papers, Vol. 3, No. 7.) 

Letter of Walter Deane and others '■Ho the Hon. 3Ir._ 
Thomas HineMey, Governor^ living in Barnstable — 
These " 

Taunton, April 1th, 1690. 

To ye Honor'ble Mr. Thomas Hinckley, Governor of their Maj- 

estie's Colony of New-Plimouth : 

Hon. Sir : — It is our great joy that &od has continued you 
among us hitherto to be the stay and staff of Church and State. 
We bless God that has restored our Judges as at ye first, and 
our Councellors as at ye beginning — our Rulers from among 
ourselves who have a paternal affection to us, and wish our 
welfare, and to whome we may freely speake our thoughts with- 
out such danger as heretofore we stood in : yet desire not to 
abuse such freedom to Impudence, as some do in uncivill and 
corrupt disrespect of authority. We are sensible that your 
Honour lies under a great burden, on whome is ye care of all 
the Towns and Churches among us. The Lord be your great 


reward, and tlie renewer of your strength, yt you may be ena- 
beled to grajjple witli and overcome tliis difference, wHeh ye 
present tottering condition of our State does produce. Our de- 
sign is not (we hope) to increase your burden of care, but rath- 
er to lighten it, if we could. The Lord humble us for our 
present differences, and show us ye cause of them, and give us 
wisdom to behave ourselves aright before Him. Our differences 
are most unseasonable and unreasonable, but in time we trust 

ye dust will be allayed. 

* * * 

The petitioners here proceed to speak of certain differences 
which had arisen in a militia company in that town with refer- 
ence to a choice of officers — Capt. Leonard had been elected* 
to the disaffection of a few. The petitioners, who had voted 
for Capt Leonard that they might not " lose their scope," "di- 
gested" as they say, their "thoughts with a few parts," i. e. 
They state the matter under eight heads — and in conclusion 

"We are far too bold and troublesome to your Honoui*, and 
crave your pardon — shall finish all in a word or two. We 
humbly propose that your Honour would take the pains to visit 
our Town on some time appointed, when our Major "Walley may 

^ This election is officially announced by Shadrach Wilbore, Clerk 
of the Town, in a paper ■which is the 4th in Vol. 3 of Hinckley Papers, 
(the best specimen of chirography in the whole collection.) Thomas 
Leonai'd was chosen Captain, receiving 88 votes — George Macey had 3 
votes. James Leonard, Jun., was chosen Lieutenant, receiving 68 votes 
— Henry Hodges had 3 votes, John Hirll, Sen., had 4 votes, and George 
Macey 1 vote. Henry Hodges was chosen "Insigne," receiving 70 votes 
— John Hall, Sen., had 1 vote, James Leonard, Jr., 1 vote. The pro- 
ceedings are pronounced " orderly and leagal." 

The return is dated " Taunton, 31st of March, 1690." 


be present also, and see how our State has been exceedingly 
misrepresented. * * * 

We rest your humble supplicants, 

Walter Deane, 7 r> 

Nathaniel Williams, j 

James Walker, Senior, "> /. 

William Harvey, >- rr n m 

John Kichmond, ) 

Shadrach Wilbore, Town Clarke. 

Robert Grossman, Jr., Clarice of ye Militar]} . 

Peter Walker, ) /> ,77 
o TT r Constables. 

Samuel Hall, ) 

John Hathaway, Senior. 
We sought not multitude of names to our petition, but offices, 
or officers (not to boast) but yt yr Hon'r may know how far 
we are engaged in acting or to act for ye Town, and yt many 
eyes are upon us to lead in this matter. 



The Lithograplis were executed by B. "W. Thayer and Co. 
of Boston, at the expense, for the most part of the relatives of 
the individuals represented. Of these there are nine, and they 
occur in the following order. 

1. Francis Baylies. — This Portrait was furnished by Na- 
thaniel Morton, Esq., son-in-law of Mr. Baylies, from an excel- 
lent painting by Harding, executed several years since, when 
Mr. B. was a Member of Congress. It is inserted at the be- 
ginning of the 1st Volume, as properly introducing a work for 
which but shortly before his death, he prepared the " Introduc- 
tory Notice." 

2. David Oohh. — John Black, Esq., of Ellsworth, Me., 
and Judge Wilde, of Boston, sons-in-law of Gen. Cobb, have 
furnished the likeness of their relative from an admirable paint- 
ing by Stuart. It is to be found at page 236 of the 1st Volume. 

3. Marcus Morton. — This likeness was obtained from a 
Daguerreotype impression by Mr. H. B. King of Taunton, and 
has been furnished by the sons of Governor Morton. It is to 
be found in connection with a notice of the family, at page 251 
of the 1st Volume. 

4. Samuel Grocher. — This lithograph was also obtained 
from a Daguerrean picture by King, and has been furnished by 
Samuel B. King, Esq., son-in-law of Mr. Crocker. It is in- 
serted at page 340 of the 1st Volume. 

5. Caleb Barnum. — This lithograph was obtained from a 
profile and miniature likeness of Mr. Barnum in possession of 


tlio only surviving child of tbe minister, Widow Child of Taun- 
ton. The grand-children, George Child and Charles E-. Vick- 
cry, both of Taunton, have furnished it for this work. It is 
inserted at the commencement of the 2d Volume. 

6. Ephraim Judson. — ■ This lithograph is a faithful copy of 
a portrait found in Windsor, Conn. It was shown to a lady, 
who heard Mr. Judson preach fifty years ago, and she at once 
recognized it, exclaiming, "That's Mr. Judson." It was fur- 
nished for insertion in this work by Rev. Alvah Cobb and others. 
Vide page 35, 2d Volume. 

7. Pitt Clarice. — This likeness was furnished by the sons of 
Mr. Clarke, and is inserted at page 161 of the 2d Volume. 

8. Peres Fohes. — Mr. William R. Deane and others have 
fmrnished this likeness, which is pronounced true to the origi- 
nal, by those who remember the man. Vide page 218, 2d 

9. Robert Treat Pazne.-— This portrait was obtained from a 
painting by Stuart, presented the City of Boston by a grandson 
of the Judge, and suspended in Faneuil Hall. It was furnish- 
ed for this work by another grandson of Judge Paine, Charles 
C. Paine, Esq., of Boston, and his brother-in-law, George B. 
Cary, Esq., also of Boston. It is inserted at page 309 of the 
2d Volume. 

It is not known that there are any other portraits of the ear- 
lier ministers and prominent persons treated of in these volumes, 
in existence, with the exception of one of Roland Green of 
Mansfield, and a second of Nicholas Tillinghast of Taunton, 
both which we have failed of secu.ring. It was hoped that 
Judge Williams, and Judge Wilde might be added to the list, 
but circumstances beyond our control have conspired to prevent. 
There is a no less truthful than beautiful tribute to the memory 
of the latter in the following lines of John H. Sheppard, Esq,, 
suggested by seeing for the first time the Bust of Judge Wilde : 
executed by Stephenson, at the reqixest of the Suffolk Bar: 


The marble speaks. '"Tis he," the observer cries, 
The very head — the mouth — the full-orb'd eyes, 
The Eoman nose — the lip — the cheek so thin. 
The brow expanding from deep thought within ; 
So true to nature every feature glows, 
It seems like life just waking from repose. 

A nobler heart ne'er wann'd the human breast. 
Than gave the image on that stone impress'd ; 
And while we gaze, and every look compare, 
We almost dream the mind itself is there, 
With all the wit and eloquence and power, 
As they beam'd forth in life's meridian hour. 
Bless'd be the sculptor, whose Promethean art 
Could touch the marble and such life impart. 

Though never more we see thy luminous star 
Gleam midst the Pleiads o'er the learned Bar, 
Yet while Law's temple shall adorn the land, 
Time-honor'd worth like thine rever'd will stand. 

Long, long may this memorial point the line. 
Where wreaths forensic ever brightest shine ; 
Teach the young sons of legal lore to aim 
At lofty heights of pure, unspotted fame ; 
And be like Wilde, generous, upright, sincere, 
Whose model practice caus'd no client's tear. 
Whose setting sun, to learned leisure given. 
Lingering yet gilds life's eve, beneath the smiles of Heaven. 



1. William Hooh. — This is taken >»-^ «9»/f* ,, i 
from ca letter found among tlie " Ma- Q_Jr^^«^*«^A9«/Cj 
ther Papers," (Collections of the Mass. d!^''''"^ 
Hist. Soc.) dated "the "Jth of ye Qth 1677." Vide page 319, 
2d Volume of this work. 

2. Jane Hooh. — Taken from a 
letter in the same series of "Pa- /"■^^^'^ < 
pers," dated " 6 m. 8 day. (16)77." Vide page 320, 2d 
Volume, for this and other letters. 

3. Nicholas Street. — Taken */, A ^ Oi ^./ 
from a letter dated "New-Haven ^^^^^ <^U^H- 
12: 8: (16)68." Vide page 164, Is^ Volume, also a letter 
in the " Mather Papers," dated " N. H. 15 of the M (16)66." 
Vide page 317, 2d Volume. 

4. George Shove.' — Taken ^^ 

from a letter among the ' ' Hinck- |fa^=4r>^^ ^^O /?*.j\ • 
ley Papers," (Mass. Hist. Soc.) ^ <J ^^^^^^^* 
dated "June 1, 1680," unexpectedly discovered. Vide page 
176, 1st Volume ; also page 822, 2d Volume, for this and other 

5. Samuel Danforth. 
Taken from an original 
"Will, witnessed by Samuel Danforth and others 


6. Thomas Clap. — /"^"^yT 

Taken from a book of (;} //i^/rl^ij 

Mr. Claps "bougnt 
at vendue, 1743," en- 
titled "the Grand abridgement of tbe Law." 

7. JosiaJi Groch- 
er. — Taken from 
an ' ' answer to ag- 
grieved brethren," 
dated " Dee. I^th, 1745." 

8. Richard Williams. — Taken 
from a letter among the ' ' Hinck- 
ley Papers" (Mass. Hist. Soc.) declining an invitation to leave 
Taunton, on account of the Indian War, dated, " April 15, 
1676." Vide page 318, 2d Volume. 

9. Walter Deane. — Taken 
from the same letter, signed _ 
by Deane, Williams, and two others for the town. 

10. George Macy and William 
Harvey. — Their signatures were Q) ^^"^^^ ^Jl ^i[ 
found attached to the above named 

11. Waiiam Pole. - Signature T^rllCio^ f) oU 

found on the Town Records of Dor- ^ ^ 

Chester, he being ten years, after leaving Taunton, "Registrar" 
of that town. 

drach Wil- Sf^^''^a^fl.^tf^0?^6 cTOvWX C^V^ 

Jore. — Taken from the "Records of Proprietors" dated "14^7i 
of June, 1670." Vide page 56, 1st Volume of this work. 



''-<3^Nl Mimarr^ 

13. Seth 

Taken from " Records of Proprietors," Mr. Williams succeed- 
ing Thomas Leonard as " Clerk." 

14. Samuel Fales. — 
Taken from a letter to 
"Hon. John Davis, 26^A 
of July, 1816." Vide 
page 247, Volume 1. 

15. George Leon- 
ard. — Taken from 
the "Records of 
Norton South Precinct," of which Mr. Leonard was Clerk, da- 
ted "April 2, 1745." 

16. George Leonard, Junior. — Taken from the above nam- 
ed Records, Mr. Leonard being "Precinct Clerk " till 1753. 

17. JoJm 

Taken from /^^^'^^''^'^'^^'t^ 

a letter of / ^ 

the Dighton Church, recommending Gen. George Godfrey to 

the Church in Taunton. 

18. William Heed. — Furn- 

ished by Rev. David Reed, son ^/^^' ^ C^ 

of the minister of Easton. n£/6c/L/l791 -T / CCJ 


19. Jolin Wales. — FurnisliecT by ^ ^ /f ^ ^ 
Mr. William R. Deane, descendant %A^ li/4Si,^&<f 
by marriage, of Mr. Wales, attached / 

to a letter dated " Raynham, Decern. 27, 1762," and "for 
Doct. Benjamin Church, in Boston." 

20. Samuel Tobey. — Taken from 

the Church Records of Berkley. ,^^. u .. t».e ^^r^^ 

21. Thomas Andros. — Taken from a letter to Gen. George 
Godfrey, dated "Berkley, July 25, 1791," remonstrating 
against the settlement of John Foster. 

'^.i/f^^ c^^ 

22. Ehenezer White. — 
Furnished by Rev. Mr. 
Blake, and written in 1736. 

23. Bo- rQ . 
land Green, e/^ i)-^^^^^^^-^^ 
by Rev. Mr. 
Blake, and written in 1761. 

The autographs beneath the Portraits in these Yolumes, were 
furnished by the friends of the individuals represented, with 
the exception of Mr. Barnum's, which was found attached to a 
receipt for salary, among the papers of Gen. Godfrey, and Mr. 
Judson's, which was found attached to a Church document in 
the same place. 


N.B. The figures refer to pages. The volumes are distinguished hj 
I. and II. 

Andrews, Henry, notice of, i. 48. 
Andros, Thomas, notice of ii. 254-263. 

His Sermon in 1790; 263-277. 
Articles of faith, ancient ones of Church in Taunton, ii. 118--120. 
Autographs of early settlers of Taunton, ii. 333-336. 
Avery, Joseph, notice of, ii. 156. 

Barnes, David Leonard, notice of, i. 250. 

Barnum, Caleb, notice of, ii. 1-10. Sermons of; 11-29. 

Bassett, An-elra, notice of, i. 253. 

Baylies, Alfred, notice of, i. 241. 

Baylies, William, notice of, i. 238, 239. 

Baylies, Francis, notice of; i. 252, 553. 

Belcher, Joseph, notice of, ii. 193. 

Berkley, origin of its name, and first church organization, II. 250. 

Briggs, Richard, notice of, ii. 289-292. 

Calvinist Baptist Church, Taunton Green, ii. 142, 143. 

" " " Korton. II. 182. 

" " " Dighton, II. 190. 

" " " Raynham, ii. 248. 

" " " Mansfield, ii. 295. 

Case, Edward, notice of, t. 56, 57. 
Christian Baptist, Central, Taunton, ii. 152. 

" " 1st and 2d Dighton, ii. 191. 

" / Mansfield, ii. 295. 

Church, earliest organization in Taunton, i. 19, 20. 

" Protestant Episcopal, i. 342-345 ; ii. 122-126. 

" Congregational, West Taunton, ii. 126-129. 

" Congregational, Tannton Green, ii. 129-140. 

" Congregational, Trinitarian, ii. 143-146. 

" " " K'orton, ii. 183, 184. 

" " " Second, Eaynham, ir. 249, 

" " " " Berklev, n. 278. 

Mansfield, ii. 293. 
Clap, Thomas, notice of, r. 292-301 : Sermon of, 302-329. 
Clarke, Pitt, notice of, ii. 161-169 ; Sermon of, 170-179. 

Eight Hand of Fellowship, 179-182. 
Cobb, David, notice of, 236, 237. 
CoQcludin^ Eemarks, ii. 303-S08. 



Convention of ministers in Boston in 1743, i. 378-381. 

Cooke, Thomas, notice of, i. 60. 

Corwithy, David notice of, i. 58. 

Crocker, Josiah, notice of, i. 330-341. Letter of, 346-376. Preaching in 
Middleboro', 376-578. Mss. Sermons, 381, 382. Answer to ag- 
grieved brethren, 382-393. 


Danforth, Samuel, notice of, i. 177-190. Sermon of, 191-232. Letters 
of, 255-266. Lecture of, 266, 267. Essay on Singing, 267-287. 
Poem on his death, 287-291. 

Dawes, Ebenezer, notice of; i. 241. 

Deane, Ezra, notice of; i. 233, 234. 

Deane, John and Walter, notice of, and their descendants ; i. 49-56. 

Difficulties leading to Mr. Judson's dismission, ii. 114-118. 

Dighton, its incorporation, first church and ministry, ii. 186-191. 
Second Congregational Society, ii. 189, 190. 


Easton, its incorporation and church organization, ii. 192. Earliest 
church covenant, 194-198. Second Congregational Church, 209. 
Ecclesiastical council in Taunton in 1763 ; i. 393,394. 
Ellis, James, notice of; i. 255. 
English, their first visit to Taunton, i. 15, 33. 

Pales, Samuel, notice of; i. 246-248. 

Parwell, Thomas, notice of; i. 57. 

Fisher, Nathaniel, notice of; ii. 186, 187. 

Pobes, Peres, notice of ; ii. 218-235. Selections from sermon on exe- 
cution of Dixon, 235-247. 

Poster, John, notice of; ii. 130-132. 

Freemen, qualifications of under our Colonial government ; i. 46. 

Free Will Baptist Church, Taunton, ii. 146. 

Friends, meeting of in Taunton, ii. 12). 

" " " " Mansfield, ii. 294, 295. 


Gilbert, John, notice of; i. 48. 

Gilbert, Thomas, notice of ; i. 59, 60. 

Gingell, John, notice of; i. 62. 

Godfrey, Job, notice of; i. 234-236. 

Godfrey, Jones, notice of; i. 236. 

Green, Roland, notice. of; ir. 284-289. His last sermon; 296-300 

His charge ; 301-304. 

Hoar, Hezekiah, notice of; i. 61. 
HoUoway, Mr. notice of ; i. 58. 
Hooke, William, notice of; i. 63-73. Sermons of; 75-129. Letter to 

Gov. Winthrop, 130-133. Discourse on "Priviledge of saints on 

Earth, &c.;" 133-151. Discourse concerning "the Witnesses;'" 152. 

154. Letter concerning the family of Hooke from Rev. J. Wai- 

dington; 154, 155. . 

Hull, Stephen, notice of; ii. 247. 



Incorporation of Taunton and the towns originally included within its 

limits ; i. 39, 40. 
Iron Works, earliest in Taunton, ii. 211. 


Jones, Elias, notice of ; ir. 30-33. 

Judson, Ephraim, notice of; ii. 35-43. Sermons of; 45-113. 


Leonard, Daniel, notice of; i. 244, 245. 

Leonard, George, notice of; i. 241. 

Letters of Hook, Street, Shove, Danforth and others, in the Mather and 
Hinckley Papers of the Mass. Hist. Society, for the first time pub- 
lished ; II. 316-329. 

Lithographs in this work, ii. 330-332. 


Mansfield, its earliest existence as a parish, ii. 279. Ancient church 

covenant, 280. 
Massassoit and the English, league of friendship between them ; i. 30, 31. 
Mayflower, number and names of those who came to New-England in 

it; I. 29, 30. 
McKinstry, Doctor, notice of ; i. 239, 240. 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Taunton, ii. 148. 

" " " Whittenton, ii. 151, 152. 

" " " Dighton, " 191. 

" " " Easton, " 209. 

" " " Mansfield, " 295 

Ministry, support of in Plymouth Colony; i. 165-169. 
Morton, Marcus, notice of; i. 251, 252. 

New-England, its early literature ; i. 22-29. 

North Purchase ; i. 38. 

Norton, incorporation of the town; ii. 153. Formation and covenant 

of tlie first church; 154, 155. Its ministry; 156-182. 
Notice of early settlers and church members in Taunton; i. 42-62. 

" " the medical profession in Taunton; 1.233-241. 

" " the profession of law in Taunton ; i. 242-255. 


Otis, Ephraim, notice of; i. 240. 


Padelford, Seth, notice of; i. 246. 

Paine, Robert Treat, notice of; i. 243, 244; ii. 309-316. 

Palmer, Joseph, notice of; ii. 157-161. 

Parker, William, notice of; i. 57. 

PauU, Richard, notice of; i. 61. 

Pipon, John, notice of; ii. 132-138. 


Pool, Elizabeth ; her purchase of the town of Taunton ; i. 36, 37 ; her 

death and place of burial : 42, 43. 
Pool, William, death, burial and epitaph ; i. 46, 47. 
Prentice, Solomon, notice of; ii. 193—200. 
Protestant, or Keforraed Methodist Church, Taunton ; li. 148, 149. 

" " " " Easton ; ii. 209. 

Purchases, first and ancient of town of Taunton; i. 37. 


Eaynham, incorporation and earliest church organization; ii. 211—214. 

Topographical description of, bv Fobes ; ii. 214, 215. 

Heed, William, notice of; II. 200, 203. Sermon of ; 204 --209. 

Revival of religion in Taunton ; I. 256--260. 346--376. 394. 

Richmond, John, notice of; i. 60, 61. 

Roman Catholic Church, Taunton; ii. 149. 

" " Easton; ii. 210. 

Rossiter, Hugh, notice of; i. 61. 


Sandernanian meeting in Taunton ; ii. 121,'122. 

Sanford, Enoch, notice of; ii. 247, 248. 

Scadding, William, notice of; i. 62. 

Schoolmaster, the first in Taunton; i. 41. 

Settlement of Taunton; i. 16, 17. 

Short, Matthew, notice of; ii. 192, 193. 

Shove, George, notice of; i. 171--176. 

Six Principle Baptist Church, Taunton ; ii. 141, 142. 

Smith, John, of Dighton, notice of: ii. 187, 188. 

Smith, Richard and John, notice of; i. 57. 

South Purchase ; i. 39. 

Spring Street Church, Taunton; ii. 149--151. 

Sproat, James, notice of; i. 248, 249. 

Squanto, his friendship for the English ; i. 31--33. 

Street, Francis, notice of; i. 62. 

Street, Nicholas, notice ot ; i. 58. 156--164. Lost production of; 1. 169, 

Strong, John, notice of; i. 48, 49. 

Supply of the pulpit after dismission of Mr. Jones, ii. 34. 
Swift, Foster, notice of; i. 240, 241. 
Swedenborgians, Taunton, ii. 152r 

Tatinton,^first visited by the English, Winslow and Hopkins, in 1621 j 
I. 13--15. 33-36 ; first settled by Elizabeth Pool and licr company, 
in 1637 ; 16, 17 ; first purcliase ; 18, 37 ; subsequent purchases ; 18, 
38, 39 ; earliest church organization ; 18-20. 40-42 ; first and suc- 
ceeding meeting houses ; 20, 21. 

Tillinghast, Nicholas, notice of; i. 250, 251. 

Tohey, Samuel, notice of; ii. 251-254. 


Union meeting, Raynham ; ii. 249. 
XJoiversalist Church, Taunton ; ii. 147, 14S. 




Wales, John, notice of; ii. 212-216. Attestatioa to reyival of religion, 

216, 217. 
Wesleyan Methodist Church, Taunton ; ii. 151. 

" Norton; ii. 185. 

White, Ebenezer, notice of; ii. 281--284. 
White, Siimuel, notice of; i. 242, 243. 
Wilde, Samuel S. notice of; i. 254. 
Williams, John Mason, notice of; i. 251. 
Williams, Richard, his marriage and descendants ; l. 43-46. 
Winslow and Hopkins, their journey from Plymouth to Mount Hopo 

Bay, through Taunton in 1621 ; 1. 13. 33-36. 



I. 26. 

Allen, Cyrus W. ii. 129, 184. 
Allen, James i. 180, 182. 
Allen, John i. 27. 
Allen, Thomas ii. 6. 
Andrews, Henry i. 20, 48. 
Andros, R. S. Storrs ii. 250, 254. 
Andros, Thomas ii. 115, 127, 254- 

263, 336. 
Atwood, George B. ii. 128, 143. 
Avery, Joseph ii. 156. 


Bache, Samuel ii. 316. 

Bacon, Leonard i. 66, 69, 70, 71, 

135, 157, 160, 165, 169, ii. 144. 
Barnes, David Leonard i. 250. 
Barnum, Caleb ii. 1-29, 330. 
Barnum, Peter T. ii. 3. 
Bassett, Anselra i. 258. 
Baylies, Alfred i. 241. 


Baylies, Francis 1. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 
21, 22, 31, 36, 41, 45, 46, 165, 168, 
181, 182, 238, 252, 253, 336, 342- 
II. 8, 30, 32, 40, 129, 132, 330. 

Baylies, William 1st. i. 238, 241. 

Baylies, William 2d. i. 238. 

Belcher, Joseph ii. 193. 

Bent, N. T. i. 343, ii. 122, 125. 

Bigelow, Andrew i. 63, ii. 139, 140, 

Bishop, Master i. 40. 

Black, John i. 237, n. 330. 

Blackaller, Henry ii. 125. 

Blagden, George W. i. 134, 164, 

Blake, Mortimer ii. 156, 279, 294. 

Bowles, Leonard C. i. 381. 

Bradford, James ii. 41. 

Bradford, William i. 25, 29. 

Breed, William J. ii. 129. 

Brett, I. 391. 

Brewster, William i. 26, 29. 

iBridgman, E. C I. 394, ii. 143. 



Briggs, Eichard ii. 289--292. 
Brigham, Charles H. i. 72, 301, 381 
n. 132, 140. 

Bulklev, I. 26. 

Burbaiik, J. F. n. 142. 
Burgess, Ebenezer ii. 143. 

Caldwell, John i. 388. 
Campbell, Archibald ii. 200. 
Carver, John i. 13, 29. 
Carver, Eobert ii. 129, 248. 
Case, Edward i. 20, 48, 56. 
Caswcl, Samuel i. 239. 
Chamberlain, Charles ii. 278. 
Chauncy, Charles i. 23, 161. 
Cheevcr, Ezekicl i. 27, 41. 
Clapp, Eben .Jr. i. 172. 
Clap, Thomas i. 292-329. ii. 213, 

250, 334. 
Clark, Henry ii. 142. 
Clarke, Pitt ii. 133, 161--169, 288, 

Cobb, Alvan ii. 42, 127, 128, 331. 
Cobb, David i. 236, 237, 244, ii. 330 
Cobbet, Thomas i. 26. 
Coe, Samuel G. i. 175, ii. 2. 
Colburn, Samuel W. ii. 127. 
Colbv, H. G. O. I. 254. 
Cooke, Thomas i. 20, 60. 
Coram, Thomas i. 342, 343. 
Corwithy, David i. 20, 58, 
Cothren, William ii. 35. 
Cotton, John i. 26. 
Cotton, Josiah i. 173. 
Crafts, Frederic ii. 127. 
docker, Josiah i. 237, 330-394. 

IT. 334. 
Crorkcr, Samuel i. 237, 238, 335, 

339-341. II. 330. 
Crocker, Samuel L. i. 341. 
Crocker, William A. i. 341. 
Cromwell, Oliver i. 69, 130. 
Croswell, Joseph i. 394. 
Ciishman, Elder i. 26. 
Cushman, Martyn ii. 129. 


Danforth, John i. 179, 182, 267, 

Danforth, Nicholas i. 177. 
Danforth, Samuel UU i. 178, 179, 

182. * 

Danforth, Samuel 2d. i. 177--291, 

II. 121, 327, 333. 
Danforth, Walter K. 1. 179, 184, 187. 
Davenport, John i. 16, 26, 66, 67, 

69, 156, 160, 161, 164. 
Davis, Isaac P. i. 247, 260. 
Dawes, Ebenezer i- 241. 
Dawes, Eben. Jr. ii. 129. 

Daye, i. 22. 

Deane, Benjamin i. 55. 

Deane, Ezra i. 54. 

Deane, Ezra Doct. i. 54, 233. 

Deane, Isaac i. 52. 

Deane, Israel i. 52. 

Deane, John i. 20, 48, 49, 50. 

Deane, Joseph i. 53. 

Deane, Philander W. i. 394, ii. 143. 

Deane, S. i. 52, 61. 

Deane, Samuel i. 19. 

Deane, Thomas i. 51. 

Deane, Walter i. 20, 48,49, 52, 172, 

II. 318, 319, 327, 334. 
Deane, Wm. R. i. 44, 56, 235^ii. 

215, 218, 248, 331. 

Demonds, i. 21. 

Dij^hton, Frances i. 43. 

Dog-gett, Simeon i. 237, ii. 230, 

248, 249, 288. 
Doggett, Theop. P. n. 218. 
Doughty, Francis i. 21, 40. 
Dudley, Joseph i. 228. 
Dunster, Hemy i. 23. 

Eastman, L. Eoot ii. 250, 278, 
Eaton, Theophilus i. 16, 27, 65. 
Edwards, B. B. ii. 144. 
Eliot, John i. 26, 179. 
Ellis, James i. 255. 
Emmons, Nathaniel ii. 4. 
Everett, Edward i. 72. 


Fales, Samuel i. 246-248. ii. 335. 
Fales, Sarah K. i. 246. ii. 128. 
Farwel!, Thomas i. 20, 57, 173. 

Farrington, ii. 127. 

Firmin, Giles i. 27. 
Fisher, Nathaniel ii. 186, 187, 250. 
Fisk, John i. 27. 

Fobes, Peres ll. 31, 214, 218-235. 
II. S31. 



Foster, John i. 2-10. n. 126, 129-- 

Fuller, Samuel i. 25. 


Gilbert, E. R. i. 159. 
Gilbert, John, Sen. i. 20, 48. 
Gilbert, Thomas i. 20, 59. 
Giiio-cll, Jolni I. 20, 62. 
Godfrey, George i. 20, 235, ii. 114. 
Godfrey, Job i. 234, 235. 
Godfrey, John i. 21. 
'Godfrey, Jones i. 236. 
Godfrey, Kichard i. 234. 
Godfrey, Robert i. 234. 
Godfrey, Samuel ii. 143. 
Goft", Rev. Mr. of Dighton ii. 122. 

Grafton, B. C. ii. 142. 
Green, Roland ii. 284-289, 296 

301, 331, 336 
Green, Samuel i. 22. 
Guild, -John i. 330, 350. 
Gushe, Abraham ii. 190.. 

Hall, Silas ii. 142. 

Hamilton, Luther ii. 138, 139. 

Hampden, John i. 15. 

Harvard, John i. 29. 

Harvev, William i. 171, 172, ii 

318,' 319, 334. 
Hassard, Samuel ii. 125. 
Hillard, George S. i. 339. 
Hincklev, Thomas ii. 318, 322, 324. 

326, 327. 
Hinman, R. R. n. 2. 
Hoar, Hezekiah i. 20, 61. 
HoUoway, Mr. i. 20, 58. 

Holman, u. 127. 

Holmes, Franklin ii. 183, 184. 
Homer, William B. ii. i44. 
Hook, Jane ii. 320--322 324, 325, 
i 33.3. 
Hooke, William i. 16, 19, 21, 24 

40, 63--1 55, II. 319, 320, 333. 

Hooker, i. 16, 26. 

Hopkins, Stephen i. 13, 30, 33. 
Horton, Josephus W. ii. 141. 
Hull, Stephen ii. 247. 
HuQt, I. 32. 

Isham, Chester ii. 143--145. 

James, Elisha i. 299, 300. 
Jenks, William i. 382. 
Jones, Abraham ii. 212. 
Jones, Elias ii. 30--34. 
Judson, Adoniram ii. 37, 
Judson, Ephraim i. 169, 239, II. 35- 
120, 126. II. 331. 

King. Samuel B. i. 335, 341, II. 330. 
Kirkland, Pres. ii. 133. 

Lawrence, Abbott i. 63, 154. 
Leonard, Crom-well ii. 153, 161. 
Leonard, Daniel i. 244, 245. 
Leonard, George i. 294, ii. 155,335. 
Leonard, George Jr. ii. 335. 
Leonard, George, Doetor i. 241. 
Leonard, Thomas i. 184, 235, 236, 

II. 328. 
Lechford, Thomas i. 18, 40. 
Linkon, Xathaniel i. 388. 
Lothrop, John i. 23. 
Lyon, John ii. 122, 123. 

Macombcr, John i. 48. 

Macv, George ii. 318, 319, 328,334. 

Maltby, Erastus ii. 143, 145, 146, 

Massassoit, i. 13, 30- 
Mather, Cotton i. 65, 165, 178, 179, 

182, 184, 261. 
Mather, Increase 1. 161, 182, ii. 319- 

Mather, Richard i. 26, 41, 64. 
Mattliews, Marmadukc i. 24. 
McKinstry, William i. 239. 
Merrick, Pliny i- 254. 
Morell, William i. 25. 

Morton, Sec. i. 25. 

Morton, Marcus i. 235, 251, 252, 

2.58, II. 330. 
Morton, Nathaniel i. 258. ii. 330. 



Nelson, Eev. Mr. of N. Taunton, 

II. 122. 
Netlleton, Asahel ii. 128. 
Neville, Edmund ii. 125. 
Newman, Samuel i. 25, 165, 173. 
Niles, Rev. Mr. ii. 32, 115. 
Norris, Edward i. 27. 
Norton, John i. 23, 24, 161. 
Noyes, James i. 27. 


Ogdon, Nathaniel ii. 127. 
Otis, Ephraim i. 240, 


Padleford, Seth i. 245, 246. 
Paine, Robert Treat i. 42,237,243 

244, II. 8. 309-316, 331. 
Palmer, Joseph ii. 158-161. 
Parker, Thomas i. 27. 
Parker, William i. 20, 40, 57. 
Parsons, J. U. ii. 278. 
Parsons, Theophilus i. 254. 
Partridge, Ralph i. 24. 
Paull, Richard i. 20, 61. 
Peters, Hugh i. 26. 
Phillips, George i. 27. 
Pipon, John ii. 132-138, 288. 
Pollard, Andrew ii. 142, 143. 
Pool, Elizabeth i. 16, 18, 19, 36, 42, 

Pool, William i. 20, 46, 48, ii. 334 
Poor, Ebenezer ii. 277, 278. 
Porter, Charles S. ii. 38. 
Pratt, Micah i. 238. 
Pratt, William ii. 193. 
Prence, Gov. i. 26. 
Prentice, Solomon ii. 193-200. 

Pi-eston, II. 127. 

Prince, Thomas i. 29, 134, 184, 255, 

335, 346. 
Purmont, Philemon i. 41. 
Pynchon, William i. 27. 


Rawson, Grindal i. 183. 
Reed, David ii. 200. 
Reed, Edgar H. i. 20, 43, 50, 60, 
235, 238, 239, 294. j 

Eeed, Erederick A. ii. 129. I 

Reed, William of Easton, ii. 200- 

203, 335. 
Richmond, John i. 20, 60. 
Richmond, T. T. ii. 129, 254. 
Robbins, Thomas i. 169, 170. 
Robinson, John i. 26. 
Rogers, Daniel i. 352, 380. 
Rogers, Ezekiel i. 27. 
Rogers, John i. 380. 
Rogers, Nathaniel i. 26. 
Rossiter, Hugh i. 20, 61. 
Round, Sylvester ii. 141. 

Sanford, Enoch ii. 212, 247, 248. 
Savage, James i. 63, 72, 339. 
Sayward, James H. ii. 292, 293. 
Scadding, William i. 20, 62. 
Shaw, Rev. Mr. n. 31, 32. 
Sheldon, Luther ii. 209. 
Sheldon, Mrs. ii. 134. 
Shepherd, ii. 127. 
Sheppard, John H. ii. 331. 

Sherman, 1. 26. 

Sherman, Elijah ii. 35. 

Short, Matthew ii. 192, 193. 

Shove, Edward i. 174. 

Shove, George i. 171-176, n. 322- 

325, 326, 333. 
Shove, Seth i. 174, 175, ii. 1. 
Sill, Henry ii. 41. 
Skelton, i. 27. 
Slocum, Anthony i. 171. 
Smith, Capt. i. 32. 
Smith, George P. i. 152. 
Smith, John i. 20, 57. 
Smith, John of Dighton, II. 115, 

187, 188, 260, 335. 
Smith, of Plymouth i. 23. 
Smith, Richard i. 20, 57. 
Snow, Theodore W. ii. 126. 
Sparks, Jared i. 72. 
Sproat, Ann i. 249. 
Sproat, Frances ii. 128. 
Sproat, James i. 239, 248, 249. 
Squanto, or Tisquantum i. 14, 31. 
Stiles, Ezra ii. 188. 
Street, Francis i. 20, 62. 
Street, Nicholas i. 19, 20, 24, 40, 

58, 156-170, II. 316, 317, 333. 
Street, Nicholas 2d. i. 158. 
Street, Owen i. 158, 159. 



Street, Samuel i. 157-159. 
Strong:, John i. 20, 48, 53. 
Swift, Foster i. 240. 
Symmei, i. 20. 


Tcnnent, Gilbert i. 3.30, 350. 
Thaehcr, Peter of Milton i. 267, 

Thachcr, Peter of Middleboro' i. 

376-378, 380, 382. 
Thompson, Otis ii. 127. 
Thomjison, William i. 27. 
Thornton, J. Wingate i. 72, 330' 

332, 338, 394. 
TlUinjjjhast, Xicholas i 250, ii. 331 
Tipping, Eartholomew i. 181. 
Tisdale, James i. 172. 
Tisdale, Mrs. i. 391. 
Tobcy, Samuel i. 363, 379, II. 32 

251--254, 281,^336. 
Torrev, William i. 27. 
Trask", W. G. ix. 142. 
Tubbs, Isaac ii. 126. 


Vane, Henry Sir. i. 27. 

Waddington, John i. 63, 154, 155. 
Wales, John i.;^ 360, 379, ii. 212- 

218, 336. 
Walker, James i. 172, 
Walker, James Eev. ii, 129. 
Walker, Peter ii. 127. 
Ward,' Nathaniel i. 26. 

Wayland, Francis ii. 37. 
Weld, of Braintrec ii. 115. 
Weld, of Koxbury i. 27. 
AVest, John xi. 12"5. 
Whallcy, Edward i. 66, 67. 
Whcato'n, L. M. ii. 184. 
Wheeler, Aaron ii. 141. 
Wheeler, W. W. ii. 124. 

Whcelock, i. 353, 359, 380. 

Wheelwright, Henry B. i. 237. 
White, Ebcnezer n". 281 --284, 336. 
White, Samuel r. 238, 242, 243. 
Wight, Daniel Jr. i. 292-299. 
Wilbore, Shadraeh i. 56, 236, ii. 

329, 334. 
Wilcox, J. F. II. 143. 
Wilde, Samuel S. i. 237, 242, 254, 

II. 330, 332. 
Williams, Benjamin i. 235, ii. 31. 
Williams, John Mason i. 250, ii. 

Williams, Richard i. 19,43, 172, li. 

318, 319, 3.34. 
Williams, Eoger i. 17, 23, 46. 
Williams, Samuel i. 21. 
Williams, Seth i. 235, 295, 334, ir. 

Wilson, John i. 26,41, 161, 180, ii. 

Winslow, Edward i. 13, 25, 29, 33. 
Wines, ii. 127. 
Winthrop, John i. 27. 
Winthrop, John Jr. i. 27, 68, 130. 
Wisncr, B. B. ii. 144. 
Wood, Benjamin ii. 127. 


The stereotyped excuse -with Editors or Authors for their chapter of Errata, is dis- 
tance from the press. Cotton Mather in his first edition of the '• Magnalia," printed 
in London in 1702, laments the fact that his " work is depraved with sundry errors 
of the press-work," but considers a distance of several thousand leagues a sufficient 
apology for the same. He even consoles himself with the reflection that " the Holy 
Bible itself in some of its editions hath been affronted with scandalous errors of the 
Press work, and in one of them they so printed these words, Ps. 119: 161 — Printers 
have persecuted jne.''^ As for my humble self, I have no complaint to make, but feel 
that great credit is due to the Printers of these volumes for their accuracy and care 
in the execution of their work. 

Vol. I. Page 41, 8d line from bottom, for " nowtering " read nourtermg. 

" " ■' 43, 11th line " " and 46th p. 1st line, for " mss." read mj. 

" " •' 51, 2d line, " " for "Forbes," read J'oSm. 

" " " 54, 22dline, " «' for " Theodore," read T/icot^ora. 

" " " 61,lSthline, " « for "1662," read 1665. 

" " " 77, 2d line, " " for ''poseit," read poscif. 

" " " 84, in the margin is a quotation from Virgil, Eel. m. lOSd line, " Nescio 
quis teueros oculus mihi fascinat agnos." If the Mantuari Bard were 
alive, and should read, " oculas fascinant^''' he would be tempted to 
make another lint, which would reflect somewhat seriously upon the 

• " 85, 28th line from bottom, for "friend" read /n'en<ij. 
' " 86, 23d line " " dele " to." 
' " 160, 20th line, " " for " reveal " read reueafa. 
' " 160, 23d line " " for "mss." read ?/!S. 

• « 162, 6th line " " fur" Teh " read T/te. 
' " 171, 16th line and 179 p. 10th line for " mss." read wi. 
' " 190, 1st line from bottom, '• Note G." and * dele. 
' " 241, 15th line " " add the name of Doct. Jonathan Marden. 
' " 252, 15th line " " for " George " read Henry. 
' " 252, 9th line " " for " Charles " read Georg-e. 
' " 253, 34th line " " for " 1784 " read 17^3. 

• " V54, 4th line " " for " Joseph " read ./bA». 
■ '• 269, 21st line " " " Preached " dele. 
' " 297, 1st line " " " Note A." and * dele. 
' " 302, 3d line " " "letters" dele. 

Vol. n. Page 35, 16th line and S6th p. 4th line from bottom, for " geneological " read 

" " " 122, Isfcline from bottom, for "342 "read 343. 

(I It (c 143, 22d line " *' for " Jeremiah " read JesaniaA. 

" " " 155, 43d line •' " for "John" read Peter. This emendation 
would make Peter Aldrich an original member ot the church according 
to the original covenant, contained in the note. The name of John was 
taken from what professed to be a " true copy " of the records. 

« (I (c 246. 32d line from bottom, for "goal " read gaol. 

(i •( (I 260, 24th line " " for " tranactions " read tranjacfi'ow. 



The chief design in publishing the names that follow, is to 
give their influence in favor of future undertakings of a similar 
kind. They have tended greatly to encourage the Compiler of 
this, work. A few of the many words of encouragement which 
accompanied the names, will be inserted at the close of the list. 
An asterisk will indicate who of the subscribers ^ have already 
died. Thus the present is fast becoming a past generation, and 
the ever moving months bear some away from every sphere and 
service of earth. 

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Abbott, John Andover, One copy, 

Abbott, W. M. F Taunton, " 

Adams, A. B., m. d Bedford, " 

Adams, Nehemiah, d. D Boston, " 

Albro, John A. , d. d Cambridge, " 

Alexander, Richard Taunton, " 

Allen, Foster « " 

Allen, Frederic I) Boston, " 

Allen, John Taunton, " 

Allen, Otis " «' 

Allen, Stephen B Berlcley, " 

Allen, Wilbur F Taunton, " 

Ambler, Deacon Danbury, Conn " 

Ames, Oakes Easton, " 

Ames, Oliver Jr., Hon., " " 

Andrews, Rebekah Taunton, '" 

Andros, George W " " 

Andros, John Milton, Esq Boston, " 

Andros, Richard S. Storrs, Esq Berkley, Three copies. 

Anthony, James H Taunton, One copy. 

Atherton, Daniel " " 

Atwood, George B " Two copies. 



Number of Copies 

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Babbitt, Abijab. . . , Berkley, « 

Babbitt, Enoch " « 

Babbitt, George H Taunton, « 

Babbitt, Isaac Berkley, " 

Babbitt, John D " « 

Babbitt, L. R Taunton, « 

Babbitt, Peter " \ u 

Babbitt, Ziba " u 

Bacon, Leonard, d. d New-Haven, Conn.. . . " 

Bailey, Jacob Mansfield, " 

Barker, A. J Taunton, Two copies. 

Barker. William P « One copy. 

Barnes, Charles A « u 

Barney, James 0., Rev Seekonk, « 

Barnum, P. T Bridgeport, [Conn « 

Ban-ows, Albert Norton, « 

Barrows, George, m. d Taunton, " 

Barton, Charles " ' c 

Bassett, Anselm, Esq " 

Bassett, Charles J. H « 

Baylies, Alfred, m. d " 

Baylies, Edmund " 

*Baylies, Francis, Hon " 

Baylies, William, Hon West Brldgewater. . . . Two copies. 

Bennett, E. H., Esq Taunton, One copy. 

Bent, Josiah " .... " ' 

Benton, Zilpha " ' " ,; 

Bigelow, Andrew, d. d Boston, '.'....'. Two copies 

Black, John, Esq Ellsworth, Me One copy. ' 

Blagden, George W.. D. D Boston, « ' 

Blake, Mortimer, Rev Mansfield, ......... Two copies 

Bliss, George D Taunton, One copy. ' 

Bliss, T. E., Rev Xorth Middleboro\ ... " 

Blodget, Constantine, Rev Paictucket, «< 

Blood, Horatio Taunton, .' ..,. « 

Bosworth, Andrew J " _ _ „ 

Bosworth, Ira , . " „ 

Boutwell. George S., Hon Groton <• 

Bowen, Amos Taunton, .' * « 

Bowen, Horace, m. b " « 

Bowen, Otis "... « 

. Two copies. 
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Three copies 



Names of Subscribers. Besidence. 

Bowen, Simeon Taunton, 

Number of Copies. 

One copy. 

Bowles, Leonard Crocker Boston, " 

Bradford, Bartlett. Taunton, •' 

Bragg, Sarah " " 

Bray, C. F Boston, " 

Briggs, Artemas Taunton, " 

Briggs, Francis B Berkley, " 

Briggs, Joseph W Taunton, " 

Briggs, Mary Berkley, " 

Briggs, Nathaniel Taunton, •' 

Briggs, Simeon " " 

Brigham, David, Rev Bridgewater, " 

Brown, S. C, Eev Taunton, " 

Brown, W. H " « 

Bryant, Caleb " « 

Burbank, Abner " " 

Burbank, Barnas L " *• 

Burbank, Warren " " 

Bm-gess, Ebenezer, d. d Dedham, " 

Burt, Dean Berkley, Two copieg. 

Burt, Shadrach " One copy. 

Burt, Thomas " " 

Burt, Widow " " 

Butler, Daniel, Eev Westhoro\ " 

Campbell, Christopher C Taunton, " 

Carey, T. B Boston, « 

Carver, Robert, Rev. Raynham, " 

Caswell, Samuel Taunton, " 

Chandler, Joseph R., Hon Philadelphia, Penn... " 

Chase, Giles G Berkley, " 

Chesbrough, L. R Taunton, " 

Child, George " Three copies. 

Child, Thomas Phi'psburg, Me One copy. 

Choate, Rufus, ll. d Boston, Two copies. 

Church, Christopher A., Hon Wesiport, One copy. 

Church, L. B Taunton, " 

Church, H.W " " 

Clapp, Eben, Jr Boston, " 

Clarke, Ezra Taunton, " 

Clarke, E. H., x. d Boston, " 

Clarke, Manlius S., Esq « " 

Clarke, Nathan Taunton, " 




Names of Subscribers. Residence. Number of Copies. 
Clifford, John H. , Hon New-Bedford, C)ne copy. 

Three copies. 
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Cobb, Alvan, Eev Taunton, 

Cobb, Elisabeth B, " 

Cobb, Jonathan Holmes, Esq Dedham, 

Cobb, Sally Taunton, " 

Cobb, Samuel C Boston, « 

Codding, James H Taunton, « 

Coe, Samuel G., Rev Dajibury, Conn « 

Coggshall, Thomas J Boston, « 

Coggswell, Francis, m. d Bedford, « 

Colby, H. G. 0., Hon New-Bedford, " 

Collins, Asa B Taunton, «« 

Cooke, Frances S " « 

Copeland, Elijah, Jr. . Mansfield, « 

Copeland, Elisha Taunton, « 

Corey, Leonard Mansfield, « 

Coi-nell, William M., m. d Boston, " 

Cothren, William, Esq., Woodbury, Conn " 

Crane, A. B Berkley, « 

Crane, A. H Taunton « 

Crane, Elisha " ic 

Crane, Eliza Berkley, « 

Crane, Jonathan, Rev.. Attlebord' " 

Crane, William S Berkley, « 

Crocker, Samuel, Hon Taunton, 

Crocker, Samuel L., Hon " 

Crocker, William A. Esq " « 

Crosby, William Boston, One copy. 

Grossman, James W Taunton '< 

Grossman, Joseph W " <i 

Grossman, Robert " ct 

Cummings, Adoniram Berkley, « 

Gushing, Isaac Boston, « 

Cushraan, Martyn, Rev Taunton " 

Curtis, George T., Esq Boston « 

Danforth, Royal W Raynham, " 

Danforth, Sally Taunton, " 

Danforth. Walter R., Esq Providence, R. I. Three copies. 

Darke, James Taunton, One copy. 

Davenport, William R '= ic 

Davis, Isaac, Hon Worcester, « 

Davis, Isaac P., Esq Boston, « 

.Three copies. 



Names of Subscribers. Kesidencc. Number of Copies. 

Davis, John Bostm, One copy. 

Davis, John, Hon . Worcester, " 

Dawes. Ebenczer, m. d Taunton, " 

Dawes, Ebcnezci", Jr.. " " 

Day, F. B., Ecv nollis, N. H. " 

Dean, Abiatliai" Taunton, " 

Dean, Almira " " 

Dean, Benjamin F " " 

Dean, Elizabeth " " 

Dean, Francis B " Three copies. 

Dean, James H " One copy. 

Dean, John Boston, " 

Dean, Jolin L Taunton, " 

Dean, Mary M " " 

Dean, Nathaniel Raynham, " 

Dean, Paddock Taunton, " 

Dean, Philander W " " 

Dean, Robert S " " 

Dean, Samuel A " « 

Dean, Theodore Raynham, " 

Deane, Charles Boston, " 

Deane, George H " " 

Deanc, Joseph P., Esq Taunton, " 

Deane, Rebecca D Portland, Me., " 

Deane, William R Boston, " 

Dennett, Thomas S Taunton, " 

Dickinson, William, m. d " " 

Dowland, Ann " " 

Dunbar, Abby " " 

Dnnbar, Samuel O " Three copies. 

Dunham, Crawford P " One copy. 

Eastman, L. Root, Rev BerJdey, Two copies. 

Elliot, Susan C Taunton, 

Ellis, James P., Esq " 

Emerson, Ralph, d. d Andover, 

Emery, Francis VV. R Boston, 

Emery, Francis F " 

Emery, Joseph W Philadelphia, Penn.. 

Emery, Joshua Andover, 

Emery, Joshua, Jr., Rev North Weymouth,. . . 

Erskine, Robert Taunton 

Everett, Edward, ll. d Boston, 

One copy. 

Two copies. 

One copy. 


Names of Subscribers. Residence. Number of Copies 

Tales, Sarah K Germantown, Penn. . . Oue copy. 

Farnsworth, C. B., Esq Pawtucket, R.I. " 

Farrar, Samuel, Esq Andover , « 

Eield, Albert Taunton,. .'.'.'.'.".'.".'.".".Three copies. 

Field, Alison Eaynham, One copy. 

Field, Artemas Taunton, » 

Field, Benjamin F Boston, '. « 

Fisld, Justin, Esq " k 

Field, Thomas P., Eev Troy, N. Y. « 

Fisk, E. P Boston, ..'.'. .' " « 

Foster, Charles Taunton, « 

Foster, Geoi-ge P « u 

^Fowler, Orin, Hon Fall River, *. '. <« 

lox, Jabez Berkley, . '. ," .' k 

French, Edwin <i _ _ _ _ » 

French, George S " u 

French. Jacob P " a 

French, Levi t. u 

French, Mary A " u 

French, Timothy E " k 

Furniss, Thomas Taunton, " 

Gay, David » k 

Gay, Thomas " si 

Gerrish, Benjamin « « 

Gilbert, E. E. Eev WallingfoTd, Conn. '. '. " 

Gilmore, Cassander Raynham, «( 

*Gilmore, Henry , " , _ _ « 

Goddard, Henry Taunton, ........ '. '. '. « 

Godfrey, Charles " c( 

Godfrey. George " <( 

Godfrey, Job «i ^ 

Godfrey, Oliver S " u 

Goff, Darius Pawtucket, R. I. « 

Graves, George Taunton, « 

Gray, John C, Hon Boston « 

Greele, Samuel " « 

Green, James Mansfield, « 

Green, Simeon " sc 

Gregor, Elisabeth Taunton, » 

Grosvenor, Charles P., Eev Rehoboth, « 

Gushe, Abraham, Eev Dighton, » 

Hack, Christopher C Tauntotit « 


Names of Subscribers. Residence. Number of Copies. 

Hall, Edwin B Raynhmn, One copy. 

Hall, Jolin W. D Taunton, " 

Hammond, Sophia A " " 

Harris, Charles W., m. d " " 

Harvey, Frederick A " " 

Hathaway, Abijah Berldeij, " 

Hathaway, Charles Taunton, " 

Hathaway, Joseph D Berkley, " 

Hathaway, Shadrach " " 

Heath, Charles Boston, " 

Hewins, George S Taunton, " 

Hill, Alfred T " " 

Hill, Benjamin " " 

Hill, Henry " " 

Hill, Philip E " " 

Hillard, George S., Hon Boston, " 

Hinckley, John N Andover, " 

Hinman, Roj^al R , Esq Hartford, Conn " 

Hoai*, Samuel, Hon Concord, " 

Hoard, N. S Taunton, " 

Hodfield, Joseph " « 

Hodges, Earl Norton, " 

Hodges, Jesse Mansfield, " 

Holmes, Franklin, Rev Norton, " 

Holmes, Ira " " 

Holmes, William Taunton, " 

Homer, George F., Esq Boston, " 

Howai'd, Ansel Taunton, " 

Hunter, Albert " *' 

Huntington & Lane, " " 

Hutchinson, William " " 

Ide, William H '• " 

Illidge, Cliarles " " 

Jackson, Elisha T " " 

James, Elisha, M. D North Scituate, " 

Jenks, William, d. d Boston, " 

Jones, William Taunton, " 

Kendrick, D. W " " 

Kent, Preston VV " " 

Kilton, Amos " " 

King, Barzillai Raynham, *' 

King, Dan, m. d Taunton, " 




Number of Copies. 
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Three copies. 
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Names of Subscribers. Be^Jidence. 

King, Daniel Taunton, 

King, Horatio B " 

King, Jonah Raynham, . . . 

King, Samuel B Taunton, .... 

King, Silas S " 

Kinnicott, Benjamin T " 

Knapp, Lanos, Jr « « 

Lane, Justis " « 

Lawrence, Abbott, Hon Boston, " 

Lawrence, Nathan Taunton " 

Lawton, Charles " « 

Leach, Thomas " h 

Lee, Charles 2d, " <j 

Lee, Charles R " r« 

Lee, Thomas J Boston " 

Leonard, A. B Taunton, " 

Leonard, Charles Raynham, " 

Leonard, Cromwell, Hon Norton, " 

Leonard, Elisabeth Taunton, " 

Leonard, Henry G " « 

Leonard, James M Bridgewater, " 

Leonard, John B. H Providence, R.I.... .Two copies 

Lewis, Horace Taunton, One copy. 

Lincoln, Gilbert " « 

Lincoln, Lorenzo " «i 

Lothrop, Cyrus, Esq " ii 

Lovering, Willard " «i 

Lovering, William C " " 

Luscomb, Job « 

• • • • „ 

Luscomb, Robert " » 

Lyon, John E " «i 

Maltby, Erastus, Rev " 

Mann, Horace, Hon West Newton,, 

Marden, Jonathan, m. d Taunton 

Maxim, Elisabeth P " « 

McDonald, John " « 

McLean, Edward, " « 

McWiskad, Sarah, " «« 

Merrick, Francis J Boston, " 

Monagle, Charles Taunton, " 

Monroe, Francis L » Two copies 

Morris, Jesse Berkley,.. ., One copy. 

Three copies. 
. One copy. 


Names of Subscribers. Residence. Number of Copies. 

Morris, William Taunton, One copy. 

Moi'ton, James Hodges, Esq Springfield ■' 

Morton, Marcus, ll. d Taunton, Three copies. 

Morton, Marcus, Jr., Esq Boston, One copy. 

Morton, Nathaniel, Esq Taunton " 

Munroe, Anna W " " 

Munroe, David " " 

Munts, William Henry Norton, " 

Neill, Henry, Rev., Lenox, " 

Newell, John P Taunton, " 

Newell, Samuel, Berkley, " 

Nichols, Curtis C Boston, " 

Nickerson, Josiah H Taunton, " 

Oldall, John " " 

Olney, Charles R " " 

Paddleford, Betsey " " 

Paddleford, Mary " " 

Paddleford, Miriam " " 

Paddleford, Sarah J " " 

Page, J. H. W., Esq New- Bedford, " 

Paine, Charles C, Esq Boston, " 

Palmer, Abel Ta\inton, " 

Palmer, Julius A Boston, " 

Parington, D. H Taunton, " 

Park, Edwards A., d. d Andover, " 

Parkin, William Taunton, " 

Paul, John " " 

Paul, S. S " " 

Pelan, Thomas " " 

Perkins, Clarissa " " 

Perry, H. C " " 

Philley, E.iza " " 

Phillips, Daniel W " " 

Phillips, Samuel W Berkley, « 

Pierce, George S Taunton, " 

Pierce, Samuel G " " 

Pitkin, Ozias C " " 

Pitts, Albert " " 

Pizer, Henry " ** 

Plummer, George W " " 

Pool, Horace M Easton, " 

Porter, B.B Taunton, " 



Names of Subscribers. Kesidence. 

Porter, Chai-les Taunton, 

Porter, E. W " 

Porter, W.VJ " 

Potter, Otis W Providence, R. I. 

Pratt, A. W., M. D Taunton, 

Pratt, Gilbert H. " 

Pratt, Horatio, Hon " 

Eadley, John '• 

Eand, Nathan " 

Eansom. C. E , . . . .Boston, 

Eaymond, Maria Taunton, 

Eeed, Ann D " 

Eeed, Cliarles Edward " 

Eeed, Chester I., Hon " 

Eeed, David, Eev Boston, 

Eeed, Edgar H Taunton, 

Eeed, Edwin " 

Eeed, Erederick A., Eev Cohasset, , 

Eeed, Henry G Taunton, , 

Eeed, Hodges •' 

Eeed, John " , 

Eeed, John D " 

Eeed, Mary G " 

Eeed, William, Eev Easton, 

Eeed, William Taunton, 

Eeed, William, Jr '• 

Ehodes, M. M " 

Ehodes, Stephen " 

Ehodes, S. C " 

Eichardson, W., Eev BerJcley, 

Eichmond, Abby C Taunton, 

Eichmond, John F Berkley, 

Eichmond, Thomas T., Eev Medfield, 

Bobbins, Thomas, d. d Hartford, Conn. 

Eobinson, Charles Raijnham, 

Eobinson, Mary Ann Taunton, 

Bounds, Jabez S " 

Bouse, Wanton, " 

Bussell, Charles Theodore, Hon.. . .Boston, 

Samson, Ira, m. d Dighton, 

Sanfcrd, Baalis, Esq Taunton, 

Sanford, WilUam P " 

Number of Copies 
. . . One copy. 

. Two copies. 
.One copy. 


Names of Subscribers. Residence. Number of Copies. 

Savaj^e, James, Hon Boston, One copy. 

Sawyer, George A Taunton, " 

Seavc r, William P Taunton, " 

Sheldon, Luther, Rev Easton, " 

Shepard, Calvin, Hon Taunton, " 

Shepard, Silas, Hon " Two copies. 

Shove, David BerMey, One copy. 

ShurtleiT, Nathaniel B., m. d Boston, " 

*Sikes, Orcn, Rev Bedford, " 

Simmons, David P Taunton, Two copies. 

Skinner, Elias Mansfield, One copy. 

Skinner, Homer " " 

Slade, Elisha So/nerset, " 

Smith, George Taunton, " 

*Smith, George P., Rev Worcester, " 

Smith, Jesse B Taunton, •' 

Smith, Joseph C " " 

Snow, Theodore W., Eev " " 

Sparks, Jared, ll. d Cambridge, " 

Spencer, George Taunton, " 

Sprague, Peleg " *' 

Sproat, James, Esq " " 

Stall, Charlotte M " " 

Stearns, J. George D., Rev BiUerica, " 

Stetson, James H Taunton, " 

Stimson, John J., Esq. Providence, R. L ... .Two copies. 

Strange, Gardner Taunton, One copy. 

Street, Owen, Rev Xorth Haven, Conn.. . " 

Sumner, Bradford, Esq Boston, " 

Sumner, Charles, Hon " " 

Swan, Caleb, m. d Easton, " 

Swan, Louise S " " 

Talbot, Samuel T Taunton, " 

Tappan, Lewis W Boston, " 

Thayer, John W Taunton, " 

Thomas, Charles " " 

Thornton, J. AVingate, Esq Boston, " 

Thurston, Eli, Rev Fall River, " 

Ticknor, George, Esq Boston, " 

Tinkham, A. 33 Taunton, " 

Tinkham, James " " 

Tinkham, Samuel M " " 


Names of Suliscribers. Residence. Number of Copies. 

Tobey, Edward S Boston, One copy. 

Townsend, S. R., Esq Taunton, " 

Tucker, Alden G " " 

Tucker, Josiah, Rev " " 

Tucker, S.G " " 

Tufts, Charles Boston, " 

Tuttle, Hannah Taunton, " 

Waddington, John, Rev Southwark, England,. " 

Waldron, A Taunton, " 

Waldron, Hiram " " 

"Walker, Leonard " " 

Walker, Otis " " 

Walker, Richmond " " 

Washburn, Albert G " -" 

Washburn, Benjamin D " " 

Washburn, Isaac " " 

Washburn, Robert S " " 

Wayland, Fraircis, d. d Providence, R. L. . . . " 

^Webster, Daniel, ll. d Marshjield, Three copies. 

Wheaton, Daniel B Easton, One copy. 

Wheaton, Laban M Norton, " 

Wheelwright, Henry B Taunton, " 

White, B. L " " 

White, Henry W " " 

Whitwell, William A., Rev Easton, " 

Wight, Daniel, Jr., Rev North Scituate, " 

Wilbur, Isaac Taunton, " 

Wilbur, John " « 

Wilbur, Joseph " " 

Wilbur, Oliver S Raynham, •' 

Wilde, Samuel S., ll. d Boston, Three copies. 

Willard, Joseph, Esq " One copy. 

Williams, Ebenezer Berhley " 

Williams, Eliab, Esq Fall River, « 

Williams, Elisha W Taunton, " 

Williams, John M., ll. d Boston, " 

Williams, J. Otis, Esq " " 

Williams, Pai'don, " " 

Williams, Sidney, Esq Taunton, Two copies. 

Williams, Silas B " One copy. 

Williams, Thomas, Rev Providence, R. I. . . . . " 

Wilson, E. T Taunton, " 


Names of Subscribers. Kesidcnco. Number of Copies. 

Winthrop, Eobcrt C, Hon Boston, Two copies. 

Witherell, Abiathar Taunton, One copy. 

WithcrcU, A. E Boston, " 

Witherell, H. W " 

"VVolcott, Jiibez South Acton, " 

Wolcott, Samuel B., Hon Salem, " 

Wood, B. L Taunton, " 

Woods, Leonard, b. d Andover, " 

Woodward, George M Taunton, " 

Woodward, James " " 

Woodward, Manford " " 

Wool, John Ellis, Hon Troy, N. Y. " 

Wyman, Jeffries, u. d Cambridge, " 

Boston, Sept. 8, 1852. 
Rev. S. Hopkins Emeky, 

De4r Sir: — It gives me great pleasure to hear tliat you are 
preserving tlie history of so ancient and important a locality as 
Taunton from forgetfulness, or falsehood which is worse than 
forgetfulness. I beg you would consider me a subscriber for 
two copies, and inform me of the price. 
I am with sincere regard, 

Your ob't servant, 

RuFUS Choate. 

Washington, April 17th, 1852. 
Dear Sir : — I shall be glad to have my name placed upon 
the subscription list of the proposed memorial of the Taunton 
ministers, and shall look forward with interest to the publication 
of the work. 

Believe me, Dear Sir, 

Faithfully yours, 

Charles Sumner. 
Rev. S. Hopkins Ehert. 


Washington, Ifarch bth, 1852. 
E.EV. S. Hopkins Emery, Taunton, Mass. 
Dear Sir : — I Lave received your letter of tbe 28th ult. in 
reference to the publication of an Ecclesiastical History of 
Taunton. I am glad to know that so interesting a publication 
is contemplated . My name is entirely at your service, and I 
shall be glad to do all in my power to promote the circulation 
of the Work. 

I will thank you to send me three copies whenever it is pub- 
lished. I am, with great regard, 

Very truly yours, 

Daniel Webster. 

Boston, 7 April, 1852. 
My Dear Sir: — I thank you for the opportunity you have 
kindly afforded me, of uniting with so many excellent and em- 
inent persons in aiding the publication of the interesting work, 
to which your letter of yesterday relates. 
Please set me down for two copies. 

I am, with great respect, 

Your obliged serv't, 

Rob't C. Winthrop. 
Rev. S. Hopkins Emert.