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Full text of "Minnesota in the civil and Indian wars 1861-1865"



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MINNESOTA 



IN THE 



CIVIL AND INDIAN WARS 



1861-1865. 



PREPARED AND PUBLISHED UNDER THE 
SUPERVISION OF 



THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS 



APPOINTED BY THE ACT OF THE LEGISLATURE OF MINNESOTA 
OF APRIL 16, 1889. 




ST. PAUL, MINN.: 

ELECTROTYPED AND PRINTED FOR THE STATE 

BY THE PIONEER PRESS COMPANY. 

1890. 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE project for the work herewith submitted was started by the survivors 
of Minnesota organizations in the Civil War at their separate annual reunions 
in 1888. Pursuant to that action a meeting of representatives of a majority 
of the organizations was held at St. Paul, Dec, 11, 1888, which chose a com 
mittee to prepare a plan for the publication of the proposed history. That 
committee, after repeated conferences, reported a bill for an act of the legisla 
ture, which, after a few alterations, was approved by a meeting, Jan. 10, 1889, 
of representatives of nearly, or quite, every organization. The bill was intro 
duced in the House of Representatives by Hon. F. E. Searle of St. Cloud, Jan. 
24, was finally passed with some amendments, was approved April 16, 1889, 
and is as follows: 

An Act to Provide for the Preparation and Publication of a History of the Organization 
and Services of Minnesota Troops in the Civil War of 1861-1865, and the Indian 
War of 1862. 

WHEREAS, The survivors of the various military organizations of Minnesota 
troops which served in the armies of the United States in the War of the Rebel 
lion and in the Indian War of 1862, have, through their respective societies and 
associations, determined to have a separate history of each of said organizations, 
prepared in such form as will admit of their publication in a single volume, under 
the title of "Minnesota in the Civil War, 1861-1865," and have duly selected the 
following named officers of the following named organizations, viz. : 

William Lochren, late captain First Minnesota Infantry Volunteers; J. W. 
Bishop, late colonel Second Minnesota Infantry Volunteers; C. C. Andrews, late 
colonel Third Minnesota Infantry Volunteers; John B. Sanborn, late colonel 
Fourth Minnesota Infantry Volunteers; L. F. Hubbard, late colonel Fifth Min 
nesota Infantry Volunteers, and Charles E. Flandrau, commanding at the battle 
of New Ulm in the Indian War of 1862, as a board of commissioners whom they 
desire to have appointed, with authority to supervise the preparation of the 
material for such publication, and have charge of the publication and distribu 
tion of said volume under the provisions of an act of the legislature; and, 

WHEREAS, Free institutions and the genuine liberty of mankind can be 
preserved only by the public spirit and patriotism of the people of all classes, 



IV INTRODUCTION. 

which is largely engendered and promoted in the sons by the record of the sacri 
fices and achievements of their fathers in their efforts for their establishment and 
preservation, while at the same time common justice calls upon the state to pre 
serve a record and memorial of the patriotic and heroic deeds of her soldiers, 
many of whom fell in the great struggle for the preservation of free government 
and the enlargement of the area of freedom so as to include all people of every 
race and color within the borders of the United States, in such form as to make 
it accessible and convenient to all their descendants and all the people of the 
State of Minnesota; 

Therefore, be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota : 

SECTION 1. That said William Lochren, Judson W. Bishop, Christopher C. 
Andrews, John B. Sanborn, Lucius F. Hubbard and Charles E. Flandrau be, 
and they are hereby, appointed a board of commissioners, whose duty it shall be 
to meet at the capitol of Minnesota and organize as such board on or before the 
first Monday of April, A. D. 1889, and take charge of and cause to be prepared 
and published an official historical narrative of the services of each regiment, 
battalion, battery and independent company of Minnesota troops while in the 
service of the United States in the Civil War of 1861-1865, and in the Indian 
War of 1862, and to cause the same to be edited and made ready for publication, 
and to be published as hereinafter provided, in a single volume, which shall be 
entitled 4< Minnesota in the Civil War, 1861-1865." Said work shall contain a 
complete roster of all Minnesota soldiers and sailors engaged in said war. 

No compensation shall be allowed or paid said commissioners for services as 
such under this act, but they shall have authority to employ, at a reasonable 
compensation, to be determined by them, one of their number, or some other 
person or persons, to discharge the duty and do the work of editors in preparing 
the said volume for publication and superintending the publication of the same, 
and may incur such other incidental expenses as may be necessary in the dis 
charge of their duties under this act. When said commission has completed its 
work, and said volume is fully prepared for publication, said commission shall 
attach a certificate thereto to the effect that the narrative of the organization and 
services of the respective organizations of Minnesota troops therein contained 
has been examined by them and found conformable to the truth, and thereupon 
said commission will deliver said manuscript to the commissioners of public 
printing, with a sample volume of a book selected by them, in conformity with 
which the said volume shall be printed and bound; or said commission may, in 
their discretion, advertise and let such printing to the lowest responsible bidder, 
in which case the same shall be done substantially as herein provided to be done 
by the commissioners of public printing. 

SEC. 2. The commissioners of public printing shall, without any unnecessary 
delay, proceed to have the manuscript of said military history printed as direct 
ed by the commissioners aforesaid, and in the printing and publication of the 
same shall be governed by the general statutes pertaining to the printing of pub 
lic documents, excepting so far as said statutes are modified by the provisions 
of this act, or by the directions of the commissioners hereby created. 

Said commissioners of public printing shall cause to be printed and bound 
10,000 copies of said military history, and deliver the same to the adjutant gen 
eral of the State of Minnesota, who shall, without unnecessary delay, either by 



INTRODUCTION. V 

personal delivery or by mail or express, deliver one copy thereof, free from ex 
pense, to each surviving soldier of any organization of Minnesota troops in the 
said war who shall apply therefor, but no copy shall be delivered until the adju 
tant general has satisfied himself of the identity of the soldier who is to receive 
the same. One copy of the same, upon like request, shall be delivered to the 
surviving widow, father or mother of any such deceased soldier, and if no widow, 
father or mother is living, then to the oldest son or daughter, or brother or sis 
ter, upon identification to the satisfaction of the adjutant general; and to facili 
tate such delivery the adjutant general shall mail to the representative of every 
such deceased soldier, and to every such surviving soldier whose address may be 
known or furnished to him, a notice informing him that he is entitled, upon re 
quest, to a copy of the said history free of expense, and shall keep a record of 
the delivery of such history to such surviving soldier or representative of such 
deceased soldier; one copy to each public and college library in the state, and 
one copy to each state institution; one copy to each school district in the state 
having a library, and one copy to such libraries of state and foreign governments 
as are accustomed to exchange public documents with the public library of this 
state. One hundred copies of the same shall be delivered to the Minnesota His 
torical Society, and fifty copies to the library of the State University of Minne 
sota, for exchange. After the distribution of the copies of the histories as afore 
said the adjutant general may sell any remaining copies, at a price not exceeding 
ten per cent above the actual cost of the same to the state, to any parties desiring 
to purchase the same, but not more than one copy to any one person; and he 
shall at the end of every quarter render an account to the state auditor of the 
number of copies he has sold, and pay over the proceeds of such sales to the state 
treasurer, and the state treasurer shall sign and deliver to him duplicate receipts 
for the money so paid over, one of which the adjutant general shall retain in his 
office and file the other with the state auditor. 

SEC. 3. The cost of printing and binding said volume shall be paid in the 
same manner and upon like vouchers as other public printing, out of the funds 
appropriated for that purpose, and the expenses incurred by the commission 
in editing and preparing said manuscript shall be paid upon vouchers made 
out and approved by said commission, which vouchers shall be filed with the 
auditor of state, and be paid by his warrant drawn in the usual form upon the 
state treasurer. The roster herein provided for shall be procured and furnished 
to said commission by the adjutant general of this state. 

SEC. 4. The commissioners of public printing shall cause said volume to be 
stereotyped or electrotyped, so that additional volumes may be printed at any 
time hereafter by direction of the legislature, and said stereotype or electrotype 
plates shall be delivered to and retained by the adjutant general. 

SEC. 5. To enable the commissioners hereby appointed to carry into effect 
the provisions of this act there shall be, and hereby is, appropriated out of any 
money in the state treasury not otherwise appropriated the sum of $12,000, or so 
much thereof as may be necessary. Provided, that no expense shall be incurred 
by said commission for the purposes hereof in excess of the appropriation herein 
made. 

SEC. 6. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage. 

Approved April 16, 1889. 



Vi INTRODUCTION. 

The undersigned Commissioners named in the foregoing act met at the 
state capitol on the 24th day of April, 1889, and organized by the election of 
William Lochren as chairman and C. C. Andrews as secretary. The latter 
was also chosen at the same meeting as editor of the history, and has served in 
that capacity. 

At a meeting held May 1st, the Commission agreed upon the space to be 
allotted for each narrative, and the secretary was instructed to address a note 
to a proper representative of each organization, requesting him to furnish a 
narrative of its services for the use of the Commission. These narratives have 
all been furnished without expense to the state, except for copying. The un 
dersigned, while not committing themselves to expressions of opinion by the 
various writers, have carefully examined and revised all the narratives, and 
have found them conformable to the truth. 

Sec. 3 of the foregoing act provides that "The roster herein provided 
for shall be procured and furnished to said Commission by the adjutant general 
of this state." The roster printed in this volume has accordingly been fur 
nished by the adjutant general from the best sources at his command. Proof 
sheets of many companies were sent to such persons as it was thought would 
from personal knowledge be able to correct errors; and not a few corrections 
in names, dates, etc., have in this way been supplied. Corrections and addi 
tional names which were received after the press work was done will be found 
printed as an addendum. 

The whole number of names printed in the roster in this volume, including 
those in the supplement or addendum, and in the companies of citizen soldiers 
engaged in the Indian War, is 26,717. In not so very few instances, men who 
were discharged before the close of the war re-enlisted and served in other 
organizations, and the names of such are consequently repeated. But in view 
of the fact that the total population of Minnesota in 1860 was only 172,023, 
and not exceeding 250,099 in 1865, her contribution to the Union armies 
will be found to compare favorably with the number furnished by other states. 

Some few facts in her war record will remain of general interest. Minne 
sota furnished the first "three-years 7 " regiment that reached the seat of war. 
It was a Minnesota regiment that sustained the greatest loss in the greatest 
battle of the war; a fact which is shown by the recent valuable statistical work 
of Lieut. Col. William F. Fox of Albany, K Y., entitled "Regimental Losses 
in the American Civil War." He states, on page 26: "In proportion to the 
number engaged, the greatest loss sustained by any regiment during the war 
was that of the First Minnesota, at Gettysburg." This writer shows that in 
respect to the numbers engaged and losses sustained on the respective sides, the 



INTRODUCTION. VU 

battle of Gettysburg was almost identical with the battle of Waterloo. By 
uncommon research he has ascertained that the number killed and who died 
from wounds on the Union side, in the battle of Gettysburg, was 5,291. He 
cites eleven other battles ranking next after Gettysburg in the order as named, in 
respect to loss sustained by the Union armies, as follows : Spottsylvania, Wil 
derness, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Chickamauga, Cold Harbor, Fredericks- 
burg, Manassas, Shiloh, Stone River and Petersburg. The narratives in this 
volume show that Minnesota soldiers were engaged in all of these memorable 
battles, and in a very large number of others, and some of which, like Vicks- 
burg, Chattanooga, Nashville and Atlanta, were of very decisive character. 

The Commission would hereby tender its thanks to the War Department 
for the courtesy and promptitude with which it has, on repeated occasions, 
furnished information for the preparation of this volume. 

WILLIAM LOCHEEN, 
J. W. BISHOP, 
C. C. ANDREWS, 
JOHN B. SANBORN, 
L. F. HUBBARD, 
CHAS. E. FLANDRAU, 
Commissioners under the Act of April 16, 1889. 



CONTENTS. 



(.See, also, Index at the end of the volume.) 

THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, also the First Battalion, by Judge William Lochren of Minneapolis, who 
served with the regiment, both as an enlisted man and commissioned officer, in the 

Army of the Potomac 1-48 

Roster of the regiment 49-66 

Roster of the First Battalion 66-78 

THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, by General J. W. Bishop of St. Paul, who served in the regiment as captain, 
major, lieutenant colonel and colonel, Army of the Ohio and Army of the Cumber 
land 79-122 

Roster of the regiment 123-146 

THE THIRD REGIMENT. * 

Narrative of, by General C. C. Andrews of St. Paul, who served with the regiment as cap 
tain, lieutenant colonel and colonel, Army of the Ohio, Army of the Tennessee and 
Army of Arkansas 147-177 tX ^- 

Roster of the regiment 178-197 

THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, by Captain Alonzo L. Brown of Brownton, McLeod county, who served in 
the regiment as a non-commissioned officer, Army of the Mississippi and Army of the 
Tennessee 198-220 

Roster of the regiment 221-242 

THE FIFTH REGIMENT. . 

Narrative of, by General L. F. Hubbard of Red Wing, who served with the regiment as 
captain, lieutenant colonel and colonel, Army of the Mississippi and Army of the Ten 
nessee 243-281 L 

Roster of the regiment 282-299 

THE SIXTH REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, by Hon. Charles W. Johnson of Minneapolis, who served with the regiment 
as an enlisted man in the Indian War in Minnesota and Dakota, and in Arkansas and 
Alabama, Army of West Mississippi 300-328 

Roster of the regiment , 329-346 



X CONTENTS. 

THE SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, compiled, under direction of the Commission, from official records, and infor 
mation furnished by James T. Ramer, Esq., of Winona (and others), who served with 
the regiment as a non-commissioned officer in the Indian War and Army of the Ten 
nessee 347-369 

Roster of the regiment 370-385 

THE EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, by Hon. William H. Houlton of Elk River, who served with the regiment as 

a non-commissioned officer in the Indian War and in the Twenty-third Army Corps... 386-400 
Roster of the regiment 401-415 

THE NINTH REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, by Hon. C. F. Macdonald of St. Cloud, who served with the regiment as a 

non-commissioned officer in the Indian War and in the Army of the Tennessee 416-438 

Roster of the regiment 439-454 



THE TENTH REGIMENT. 



Narrative of, by General James H. Baker of Garden City, Blue Earth county, who served 
as colonel of the regiment in the Indian War and in Missouri (regiment afterward 
served in Army of the Tennessee) 455-471 

Roster of the regiment 472-487 

THE ELEVENTH REGIMENT. 

Narrative of, by Rufus Davenport, Esq., of St. Paul, who served with the regiment as a 

non-commissioned officer in the Department of Tennessee 488-491 

Roster of the regiment 492-506 



FIRST COMPANY OF SHARPSHOOTERS. 

Narrative of, by Lieut. Col. Francis Peteler of Minneapolis, who served as its first cap 
tain in the Army of the Potomac 507-510 

Roster of the company 511-512 

SECOND COMPANY OF SHARPSHOOTERS. 

Narrative of, by J. B. Chaney, Esq., of St. Paul, who served with the company as a non 
commissioned officer in the Army of the Potomac 513-516 

Roster of the company 517, 518 

FIRST REGIMENT OF MOUNTED RANGERS. 

Narrative of, by the late Hon. Eugene M. Wilson of Minneapolis, who served with the 

regiment as captain in the Indian War 519-524 

Roster of the regiment 525-542 



CONTENTS. Xi 

SECOND REGIMENT OF CAVALRY. u 

Narrative of, by Lieut Martin Williams of Minneapolis, who served with the regiment 

as quartermaster in the Indian War, Minnesota and Dakota 543-551 s 7 

Roster of the regiment 552-571 

BRACKETT S BATTALION OF CAVALRY. 

Narrative of, by Isaac Botsford, Esq., of Albert Lea, Freeborn county, who served as a 
non-commissioned officer in the battalion in Kentucky and Tennessee and in the 
Indian War 572-584 

Roster of the battalion 585-593 

HATCH S BATTALION OF CAVALRY. 

Narrative of, by Major C. W. Nash of Minneapolis, who served as quartermaster of the 

battalion in the Indian War 594-601 

Roster of the battalion 602-611 

FIRST REGIMENT OF HEAVY ARTILLERY. 

Narrative of, by Lieutenant James J. Egan of St. Paul, who served as adjutant of the 

regiment at Chattanooga 612, 613 

Roster of the regiment 614-639 



FIRST BATTERY OF LIGHT ARTILLERY. 






Narrative of, by Lieutenant Henry S. Hurter of Washington, D. C. (Pension Office), who 
served with the battery as an enlisted man and commissioned officer in the battle of 
Pittsburgh Landing, siege of Vicksburg, Atlanta campaign, etc 640-649 

Roster of the battery 650-653 

SECOND BATTERY OF LIGHT ARTILLERY. 

Narrative of, prepared, under direction of the Commission, from official records and infor 
mation furnished by its commander, Captain W. A. Hotchkiss of Preston, Minn 654-665 

Roster of the battery 666-669 

THIRD BATTERY OF LIGHT ARTILLERY. 

Narrative of, by Lieutenant G. M. Dwelle of Lake City, who served as a commissioned 

officer with the battery in the Indian War 670-677 

Roster of the battery 678-680 

I/ 
Addendum to roster 681-695 

Practical observations that have occurred to the Commissioners in the progress of the 

work, by Gen. J. W. Bishop of St. Paul 696-700 

GENERAL OFFICERS. 

List and short record of general officers, appointed from Minnesota, and of other Minnesota 

officers, who were brevetted as general officers 701-714 



Xll CONTENTS. 

VOLUNTEER STAFF CORPS. 
List and short record of officers, appointed from Minnesota, in the Volunteer Staff Corps... 715-723 

APPOINTMENTS IN THE REGULAR ARMY. 

List, furnished by the War Department, of appointments in the United States Army from 

Minnesota, 1861 to 1870 inclusive 724 

OFFICERS OF COLORED TROOPS. 
Promotions from Minnesota Volunteers in United States colored organizations 725-726 

THE INDIAN WAR OF 1862-1864, AND FOLLOWING CAMPAIGNS IN MINNESOTA. 

Narrative of, by Hon. Charles E. Flandrau of St. Paul, who, as colonel, commanded at the 

battle of New Ulm, and on the southern frontier 727-753 

Roster of citizen soldiers who served in the Sioux Indian War of 1862, compiled by Hon. 

Charles E. Flandrau of St. Paul 754-817 

Index... 819-844 



F THE 



MINNESOTA 



IX THE 



CIVIL AND INDIAN WARS. 



NARRATIVE OF THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

BY LIEUTENANT WILLIAM LOCHREN. 

At the request of my comrades I have assumed to write the narrative of the 
First Keginient Minnesota Volunteers for this history. Gen. William Colvill 
was designated to act with me ; but the distance between us is so great, the time 
I can devote to it so precarious, and usually at evening, after days spent in ex 
hausting official labor, and the time now so short within which it must be pre 
pared, that no arrangement can be made to avail myself of the general s aid 
beyond his graphic account of our first battle. The necessity of compressing 
the narratives of all Minnesota troops engaged in the Civil War, and in the In 
dian War of 1862, with full rosters, into a single volume of moderate size, limits 
to briefest outlines the story of this regiment, which took part in every battle of 
the Army of the Potomac during the first three years of the war, achieving a 
reputation certainly second to no regiment in the service, and which, on the 
memorable field of Gettysburg, performed such an act of successful heroism as 
has no parallel in history. Its tale, if fully written, and interspersed with inter 
esting incidents as they actually occurred, would not find sufficient space in the 
entire volume, covering, with the service of Companies A and B of the battal 
ion, made up mostly of its recruits and re- enlisted men, all the battles and 
marches from Bull Eun to Appomattox. But anecdotes must in general be 
omitted, and brevity and accuracy alone* aimed at in writing this narrative. I 
have received great aid in preparing this work from memoranda and data 
gathered by Maj. Henry D. O Brien of East St. Louis, 111., and kindly placed 
by him at my disposal ; also from the full and well- written diary kept by Isaac 
L. Taylor of Company E, up to the morning of the day on which he was killed 
in the charge of the regiment at Gettysburg, supplemented from that time by 
his brother, Capt. P. H. Taylor, now of Harrisonville, Mo.; also from diaries 
kept by Capt. Myron Shepard and Sergt. Sam. Bloomer of Stillwater, and Sergt. 
Mathew Marvin of Winona, and letters written by Capt. John Ball, Charles E. 
Goddard, and others. I have also consulted "The Rebellion Record," so far as 
published; " Regimental Losses in the American Civil War," by Lieut. Col. 
William F. Fox ; and "The Second Corps," by Gen. Francis A. Walker, and such 
other data as was within reach, trusting to my own recollection of events to cor 
rect what appeared to be error or misconception on the part of others. Although 
I cannot hope to have attained entire accuracy, I trust that mistakes will be 
found to be few and of minor importance. While I recognize that it would be 
of interest to note promotions as they occurred, and to give lists of casualties in 
the accounts of battles, it would be extremely difficult to do this now, with en 
tire accuracy, from any data at present within my reach, and would make the 
work overpass its limit. And I conceive it to be the less necessary, as the nar 
rative is to be accompanied by a complete roster as accurate as can now be made. 



2 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

THE REBELLION. 

April, 1861, brought civil war. Its causes the existence of slavery in the 
South ; the doctrine, coming from the statesmen of the Eevolution, that every 
organized community has the right to change its government, and its relations 
with other governments, at its pleasure ; the doctrine, also traceable to the same 
source, regarding the states as the ultimate sovereigns, and the union formed 
by them, as subsisting, as to each state, only at its will ; the diversity of pur 
suits, and in character of the people of the two sections, and the constant recrimi 
nation and abuse passing between the haughty, arrogant representatives of the 
Southern slaveholders and the meddlesome abolitionists of the North, each hating 
the other, and equally willing to disrupt the union which bound them together 
are matters bejond the scope of this narrative, as is also any account of the 
political clashings and compromises which preceded and postponed the war. 

To the mass of the people of the North the war came suddenly and unlocked for. 
Threats of secession had come so often in then recent times, and been soothed by 
compromise, that the people had grown accustomed to them, and were inclined 
to look on the ordinances of secession and the withdrawal of senators and repre 
sentatives as bravado, which would end, as other threats had ended, in some form 
of accommodation or compromise. Even when Sumter was invested and sum 
moned to surrender, the apparent apathy of the new administration, contrasted 
with the bombastic style of Beauregard s orders and dispatches, which were 
borne everywhere by telegraph, caused the masses to look on the proceeding as 
a militia demonstration, which would waste itself in noise and display. But the 
news that Fort Sumter and the Star of the West, each bearing the flag of our 
country, had been actually fired upon, the steamer driven back and the fort 
likely to be captured, brought a shock to the people of the North, and with it the 
realization that the time had at last come when the union of the states would dis 
integrate and change into at least two governments, foreign to each other, and, 
from differences in institutions, almost necessarily hostile, unless by absolute 
force, and regardless of fanciful theories, the seceding states should be compelled 
to remain in the Union, and that Union so solidified into a nation that no claim 
of right to secede should thereafter be asserted or pretended. 

THE FIRST REGIMENT TENDERED. 

From the call made by President Lincoln for 75,000 men, to serve for three 
months unless sooner discharged, it would seem that the administration hoped, 
even then, that a show of force would suffice to bring the rebels to terms. Gov. 
Alex. Eamsey was in Washington when, on Saturday night, April 13th, the 
news of the surrender of Fort Sumter was received. Early the next morning he 
went to the War Department, finding Secretary Cameron, with his hat on and 
papers in his hand, about to leave the office. Eamsey told him his business was 
simply, as governor of Minnesota, to tender 1,000 men to defend the Gov 
ernment. "Sit down," said the secretary, "and write the tender you have 
made, as I am now on my way to the president s mansion." This was quickly 
done, and thus the earliest tender of troops came from Minnesota. It was ac 
cepted; and on the next day the president s call for troops was published ; and 
on that day Gov. Eamsey telegraphed Lieut. Gov. Ignatius Donnelly, advising 
him of the offer and its acceptance, and requesting an immediate call for vol 
unteers. This became known at St. Paul during the day, and at a meeting of 
the Pioneer Guards of that city, held on that evening at its armory, the matter 
was discussed, and several members signed a paper agreeing to enlist under the 
call. Josias E. King, afterward orderly sergeant of Company A, and, after re 
peated promotions, becoming captain of Company G of the First Minnesota 
Eegiment, was the first to sign the paper, and therefore claims the honor of being 
the senior volunteer in the United States service in the Civil War. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE REGIMENT. 

On April 16th, Mr. Donnelly, as governor ad interim, issued his call for vol 
unteers for one regiment of infantry of ten companies, to report to the adjutant 



ORGANIZATION OF THE REGIMENT. 3 

general at St. Paul. The call met with enthusiastic response from every part of 
the state. The public meetings held in all the larger towns, addressed by promi 
nent men of both political parties, manifested the unanimous and determined 
feeling existing in support of the Government, and in favor of the maintenance 
of the Union. The enrollment of volunteers went on rapidly ; and on Monday, 
the 29th day of April, ten companies were assembled at Fort Snelling, as directed 
by the adjutant general, viz.: The Pioneer Guards, Capt. Alexander Wilkin; 
the Still water Guards, Capt. Carlyle A. Bromley ; the St. Paul Volunteers, Capt. 
William H. Acker ; the Lincoln Guards, Capt. Henry E. Putnam ; the St. An 
thony Zouaves, Capt. George N". Morgan; the Goodhue Volunteers, Capt. Will 
iam Colvill; the Faribault Volunteers, Capt. William H. Dike; the Dakota 
Volunteers, Capt. Charles P. Adams ; the Wabasha Volunteers, Capt. John H. 
Pell ; and the Winona Volunteers, Capt. Henry C. Lester. The companies of 
Captains Lester, Pell, Colvill and Adams had reached Fort Snelling a few days 
in advance of the others. The old fort had been for several years in a state of 
neglected disuse ; but cordage for halyards was found, and a nimble volunteer 
climbed the flagstaff and arranged it in its place, and at noon, on April 29th, up 
rose the stars and stripes, while the cannon thundered forth a national salute of 
thirty-four guns. The first dinner was then served on tables of rough boards, 
with service of tin cu.ps and plates, and was disposed of with relish and jollity, 
most of the crowd of visitors sharing. During that afternoon the men were in 
spected and regularly mustered into the service of the United States by Capt. 
Anderson D. Nelson of the regular army, except that the Hastings and Winona 
companies, each lacking a few men, were filled up and mustered on the following 
day. Little personal examination of the men was necessary, as care had been 
taken to enlist none having any personal defect. The men were brawny and 
stalwart, of all professions, trades and callings, having many in the ranks who 
sought for no office, yet were well fitted by natural ability, education and train 
ing to discharge well the duties of any position, civil or military. No uniforms 
were provided, but the state furnished each man with a blanket, a flannel shirt 
and a pair of stockings. The old quarters in the fort were cleansed and occupied, 
with loose straw for bedding. Some of the companies, formed in part from pre 
existing companies of state militia, had appropriated the arms of such com 
panies, consisting, in some cases, of Springfield rifles (then the best arm in the 
service) ; in others, of Mississippi rifles with sword bayonets j and others were 
temporarily supplied with arms of various patterns from the state arsenal. Those 
having the Springfield rifles were allowed to keep them, but all others were soon 
supplied with the 69-caliber musket, a larger, but very effective, arm. 

Gov. Ramsey was present at the muster on the 29th of April, and then ap 
pointed, commissioned and announced the field officers: Colonel, Willis A. 
Gorman ; lieutenant colonel, Stephen Miller ; and major, William H. Dike. Col. 
Gorman, on the same day, appointed Lieut. Thomas Foster quartermaster, and 
Dr. Jacob H. Stewart surgeon of the regiment. On the next day, Dr. Charles W. 
Le Boutillier was appointed assistant surgeon, and Lieut. William B. Leach 
adjutant. Drilling began at once, and was carried on vigorously and unceasingly ; 
and the adjutant general of the army was informed by telegraph that the regi 
ment was ready for duty, and awaiting orders. On May 1st Col. Gorman was pre 
sented with a handsome sword by Maj. W. J. Cullen of St. Paul, and Hon. Henry 
H. Sibley sent his check for one hundred dollars, to be expended for the comfort of 
the men. On May 2d the first dress parade took place in the presence of the crowd 
which daily thronged the grounds. Two days later an order was received from 
the War Department, directing that two companies, as soon as fully armed and 
equipped, be sent to each of Forts Kidgley, Eipley and Abercrombie to re 
lieve the companies of the Second Eegular Infantry, stationed at these posts, and 
who were ordered to Washington. This was dampening to the ardor of most of 
the boys, who had hoped to go to the front at once, and would not have enlisted 
to garrison frontier posts. But as several days must elapse before they could be 
armed and equipped, they trusted that their destination might be changed. 
Preparatory to carrying out this order Anson Northup was appointed wagon 



4 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

master, and on May 9th the state furnished black felt hats and black pantaloons 
for the men, whose uniform now consisted of this clothing, with red flannel 
shirts, save that Capt. Lester s Company K had neat gray uniforms, presented 
them by citizens of Winona. 

MUSTER FOR THREE YEARS. 

On May 7th Gov. Ramsey received a telegram from the secretary of war, 
suggesting the mustering in for three years, or during the war, of all of the regi 
ment willing to enlist for that term, and the mustering out and filling the places 
of all unwilling to so enlist, and on May 10th Col. Gorman was directed to reor 
ganize the regiment accordingly. All who consented to remain were again mus 
tered by Capt. Anderson D. Nelson for three years, to date from their original 
enlistment ; all others were mustered out, and their places filled by new enlist 
ments. As the muster of the regiment dated April 29, 1861, it stood the senior 
three-years regiment in the service. On May 14-th friends of Col. Gorman pre 
sented him with a large, serviceable, and very handsome war horse, with saddle, 
bridle, etc. On May 21st, in response to an invitation from the ladies of St. 
Anthony and Minneapolis, the regiment marched to the falls, and the men were 
banqueted in the grove on Nicollet island. On May 24th the regiment was filled 
to its maximum strength, and two days later marched to St r . Paul to receive from 
the ladies of that city the state flag, which it carried through its term of service. 
The presentation took place at the east front of the capitol, and Mrs. Anna E. 
Eamsey, holding the flag, addressed the colonel as follows : 

COL. GORMAN : On behalf of the ladies of St. Paul, permit me to present to you, and through 
you to the First Regiment of Minnesota Volunteers, this flag, bearing upon one side the coat of 
arms of our beloved state, and on the other the device which, by its clustering stars and radiant 
lines, testifies that we are still citizens of a great, an undivided and an enduring nation. While 
it will be your proud prerogative, wherever duty may call you, to defend this flag, that nation, and 
the principles forever intertwined with both, it will be ours, standing at the portals of your homes, 
to cheer you on your way with smiles and blessings ; to pray for you in the dark hour of conflict ; 
and, if need be, to keep bright and undying among men the memory of those among you who may 
give up life itself for God and fatherland. To you is reserved a proud destiny. When the time 
comes that from the sources of the Father of Waters you shall descend to where the fate of the na 
tion is being decided, the solicitude and love of the entire state will follow you. From this capitol 
to the most remote frontier cottage no heart but shall send up a prayer for your safety and success ; 
no eye but shall follow with affection the flutterings of your banner as you cover it with glory. In 
your hands we feel that the honor of our young state is safe. To you with firm faith we commit 
its virgin and unsullied fame. When the troubles that now agitate the nation are past, when the 
Rebellion is suppressed, and when once more peace folds its white wings among us, you will return 
to receive that praise and that gratitude which you will have nobly earned ; and in after years, 
amid the avocations of your peaceful lives, men will point to you and say: "There is one who, 
when his country s liberty was in danger, abandoned everything and rushed to the rescue. There 
is a soldier of the great army of freedom." Go, then, sir, where your country calls, ever remem 
bering your dependence on him, who alone can cover your head in the day of battle, and who 
never forsakes those who put their trust in him. 

Cheers rent the air as this beautiful and accomplished lady closed her address 
by handing the banner to Col. Gorman, who responded eloquently, closing as 
follows : 

We accept this flag as the emblem of the cause in which we have unsheathed our swords, and, 
with the help of the God of Battles, we will never allow them to return to their scabbards until 
treason shall be punished, and this flag, the Union, and the constitution be vindicated and made 
perpetual. I now accept it in the name of the gallant officers and men of the First Minnesota 
Regiment, and most solemnly make the pledge to our noble young state, and to her people, and to 
our fathers, mothers, sisters, brothers, wives and children, in this presence, never to surrender it to 
a foe until its folds have been baptized in our blood. We shall carry it wherever duty calls, until 
it shall please a kind Providence to restore peace to our country and us to the bosom of our homes. 

Col. Gorman then turned and handed the flag to Sergt. Howard Stansbury, 
the color-bearer of the regiment, saying : 

SIE : To your hands I intrust this flag. It will remain in your keeping. Bear it aloft ; and, 
should you fall in defense of it, let your last words be, "Save the colors of the First Regiment. " 

Bousing cheers, mingled with the thunders of artillery, followed, and the regi 
ment marched to the Winslow House, stacked arms, and partook of a bountiful 



ORDERED TO WASHINGTON. 5 

banquet, and at the close of the day, most enjoyably spent, were conveyed on the 
steamers Northern Belle and Hawkeye State back to Fort Snelling. During 
this period, and, indeed, so long as the regiment remained there, Fort Snelling 
was daily thronged by visitors from all parts of the state relatives, friends and 
neighbors of the soldiers, and often charged with distributing articles of comfort 
and convenience prepared by the ladies of the different localities. 

On May 28th Maj. Dike, with Company B, Capt. Bromley, and Company G, 
Capt. Lewis McKuue, went by steamer Frank Steele up the Minnesota river to 
Fort Eidgley to relieve Maj. Patton and two companies of the Second Infantry. 
At the close of dress parade the same evening, the ladies of Winona, through 
Capt. Lester, presented the regimental flag, the stars and stripes, the same 
one afterward carried by the regiment in the battle of Bull Eun, and returned 
to the state capitol, torn with shells and bullets, after that battle. On Wednes 
day, May 29th, Company A, Capt. Wilkin, marched for Fort Eipley to relieve 
the companies of the Second Infantry, under Col. Abercrombie, which were sta 
tioned at that post. On June 6th Company E, Capt. Morgan, marched for Fort 
Eipley. meeting Col. Abercrornbie s command on the way; and on June 10th 
Company C, Capt. Acker, and Company D, Capt. Putnam, with Lieut. Col. Miller 
in command, started for Fort Abercrombie. 

ORDERED TO WASHINGTON. 

On the evening of June 14th Gov. Eamsey received a dispatch from Secretary 
Cameron ordering the First Eegiment to Washington by way of Harrisburg, 
and immediately conferred with Col. Gorman, who at once dispatched messen 
gers to Forts Eidgley and Eipley, and to Lieut. Col. Miller, en route to Fort 
Abercrombie, ordering the detached companies to return at once to Fort Snell 
ing. The order delivered to Col. Gorman was as follows : 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS, STATE OF MINNESOTA, 

ADJUTANT GENERAL S OFFICE, 

ST. PAUL, June 14, 1861. 
[General Order No. 9.] 

In pursuance of orders from the secretary of war, Col. Willis A. Gorman, First Regiment Min 
nesota Volunteers, will report his command forthwith at Harrisburg, Pa. 
By order of the commander-in-chief. 

JOHN B. SANBORN, 

Adjutant General. 

The news that the First Regiment was ordered to Harrisburg (says the Pioneer of June 16th) 
was transmitted to Fort Snelling about ten o clock Friday night. Almost everybody save the sen 
tinels was asleep. The colonel and staff had the information first, and it was received with every 
demonstration of delight. Our informant says the colonel fairly howled with joy. The news soon 
spread to the quarters of the company officers, and then to the men, and such rejoicing took place 
as had never before occurred since the regiment was mustered in. The men did not stop to put on 
their clothing, but rushed around, hurrahing and hugging each other, as wild as a crowd of school 
boys at the announcement of a vacation. There is no sham gratification at being ordered forward. 
The men enlisted for actual service in the field, and not to garrison forts. Many of them are 
farmers, and would much prefer being at home this busy season than to spend the summer any 
where in the state. 

This quotation fairly describes the fact and the feeling of the men. Although 
they realized that their time thus far had been well employed in the drill and 
discipline necessary to fit them for their duties as soldiers, and that in going to 
the seat of war they would lose the many comforts constantly supplied by 
thoughtful ones at their near-by homes, and fare much harder than at Fort 
Snelling, yet they had enlisted to participate in such fighting as should be nec 
essary to put down the Kebellion, and did not wish to be disappointed and con 
demned to garrison duty until the war should, in brief time, be ended, and the 
regulars sent back. The companies already sent to the frontier forts felt most 
keenly on this subject, and received with corresponding joy the order to return. 
With such alacrity was this order obeyed that by the morning of June 21st all 
these companies had reached Fort Snelling except Company A, Capt. Wilkin, 
and twenty -five men of Company G. with Capt. McKune, who had to wait at 
Forts Eipley and Eidgley, respectively, a short time, in charge of the valuable 



6 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

stores and public property at these posts, for the arrival of authorized custodians 
to relieve them of the charge, and consequently left the state a short time after 
the regiment, and joined it at Washington. So eager were the boys to go that 
Capt. Morgan s Company E marched the whole of Thursday night, after a long 
march on the preceding day, on the strength of a rumor that Col. Gorman pur 
posed to leave on Friday, and the company entered Port Snelling soon after sun 
rise on Friday morning. 

On Saturday, June 22d, at 5 o clock A. M., the regiment was formed, and, 
after religious services and a brief address, replete with patriotism and kind 
ness, by Rev. Edward D. Neill, who had been commissioned chaplain, the regi 
ment embarked on the steamers War Eagle and Northern Belle. On reaching 
the upper levee at St. Paul it disembarked and marched through the city, giv 
ing opportunity for hurried final greetings of friends, as, notwithstanding the 
early hour, the streets were thronged by a sympathetic and enthusiastic multi 
tude. Little pause was made, and on reaching the lower levee the regiment 
again went on board the steamers and proceeded down the river, the Northern 
Belle to La Crosse, and the War Eagle to Prairie du Chien. There were crowds 
at the levees of all Minnesota towns, as the boats approached, to greet and cheer 
the boys. But brief stops were made, and the Northern Belle reached La Crosse 
about midnight, while the War Eagle landed three hours later at Prairie du 
Chien, where, apparently, the whole population received them with an artillery 
salute and most profuse hospitality. From both places railroad transportation 
in first-class passenger cars was furnished. Both detachments were given boun 
tiful dinners the next day by the railroad company, and came together at Janes- 
ville, arriving in Chicago at 6 P. M. on June 23d. The whole trip was an ova 
tion, as crowds appeared at every station, greeting the boys with enthusiastic 
cheers. At the Northwestern depot in Chicago the number of people was very 
large, and Mayor John Wentworth made a short complimentary speech, and ac 
companied Col. Gorman, at the head of the regiment, to the Pittsburgh & Fort 
Wayne depot, through crowded streets, where expressions of kindness and com 
pliment met our ears afc every step. The Chicago Tribune of the next day stated : 

Our city has been for some days on the qui vive to see the first installment of troops from loyal 
Minnesota, expected to pass through the city, en route for the seat of war. Their arrival last even 
ing was heralded by a dispatch from our special reporter from Janesville, and a bulletin from the 
Tribune office, and an immense concourse of spectators greeted their arrival at the Chicago & North 
western railroad, where they debarked from the cars at six o clock last evening. Gallant Minnesota 
deserves high credit for her noble sons and their appearance yesterday. They have enjoyed in 
their make-up that rare and excellent process of selection and culling from the older states, which 
has thrown into the van of civilization the hardy lumbermen and first settlers in the wild. There 
are few regiments we have ever seen that can compare in brawn and muscle with these Minne- 
sotians, used to the axe, the rifle, the oar and the setting pole. They are unquestionably the finest 
body of troops that has yet appeared in our streets. 

We left Chicago at 10 p. M., via Fort Wayne and Pittsburgh, and reached 
Harrisburg about 10 A. M., June 25th. The cars were first class, and good meals 
were provided by the railroad company as far as Pittsburgh, which we left at mid 
night. The journey still continued an ovation, crowds, cheers and waving 
handkerchiefs greeting us everywhere. About sunrise, after leaving Pittsburgh, 
we reached the little village of Huntington, in the mountains, where the train 
stopped about fifteen minutes, being at once boarded by the ladies of the place, 
loaded with delicious coifee, sandwiches, doughnuts, etc., giving an abundant 
and most acceptable breakfast to all. We went into camp at Harrisburg, near 
which a camp of instruction had been established, and several new regiments 
were in tents. At 3 o clock A. M., June 26th, the regiment was called up, and 
put on a train of cattle cars bound for Baltimore. The change from the elegant 
cars in which we had come to Harrisburg to these dirty, seatless vehicles, in 
which we must either stand or sit on our knapsacks, was far from agreeable. 
We found we were approaching a region where soldiering was less of a holiday 
matter than it had been with us. Still, after daylight, greetings were kindly, 
and handkerchiefs, held in fair hands, waved from doors and windows. The 
first hostile demonstration occurred as we neared Baltimore. At a handsome 



ORDERED TO WASHINGTON. 7 

mansion near the railroad a comely maiden, a domestic, was sweeping the ver 
anda, and, as she noticed soldiers on the train, waved her handkerchief. A 
lady, apparently her mistress, stepped quickly from the door, took the broom 
from the girl, and shook the handle menacingly at us. The act was so sudden, 
unexpected, and unlike any manifestation of feeling we had met with, that its 
impotent spitefulness was answered with cheers and shouts of laughter. At 
Baltimore the railroads did not connect, and we had to march through the city 
to the Washington depot. As a Massachusetts regiment had been attacked, and 
some of its members killed here, not long before, muskets were loaded and bayo 
nets fixed. The streets were lined with an evidently unfriendly crowd, who 
scowled, but in general kept silent and quiet ; and this was well for them, as we 
should certainly have submitted to no assault, and probably to very little provo 
cation, of any kind. It was late in the afternoon when we left Baltimore, and 
we reached Washington about ten o clock, and, after some delay, were marched 
to the assembly rooms for shelter for the night. In a very short time we were 
rejoiced by the genial face and cordial hand-grasp of Col. Cyrus Aldrich, one of 
our members of Congress, who was followed by a large squad of colored servants, 
bearing pails of hot coffee, baskets of sandwiches, and other refreshments suffi 
cient for all. The next morning we went into camp about a half mile east of the 
capitol, where we remained for some time, drilling daily, and without special 
incident. Most of the boys improved the opportunity to examine the public 
buildings, which were the only objects of interest in the place. Washington 
was then a very different city from Washington to day. It was entirely un- 
paved, and its streets, from the constant passage of army wagons, were founderous 
in wet weather, so that heavily loaded teams were often mired on Pennsylvania 
avenue. The old canal reeked with malarious and foul smells. The dome of the 
capitol and the senate wing were unfinished, and most of the shops and resi 
dences were wooden structures, old, dilapidated and neglected in appearance. 
The iron rule of "Boss Shepherd" changed this in a few years from the shab 
biest to the handsomest city in the country ; with pavements unrivaled, elegant 
buildings, and a beautiful park covering the location of the old canal, which was 
arched over and hidden from sight. Though abused and denounced without 
stint at the time by those whose property had to bear the heavy burthen of these 
improvements, Shepherd well deserves of the people of Washington a statue in 
his honor. 

On July 3d the regiment embarked on steamers at the navy yard, and, land 
ing on the "sacred soil" at Alexandria, went into camp something less than a 
mile west of that ancient and decaying town. Here, besides constant drilling, 
there were daily details of companies for picket duty, and frequent reconnaissances 
to the west and south. We were here brigaded with some other regiments, under 
the command of Col. W. B. Franklin, forming part of the division of Col. S. P. 
Heintzelman. Strict orders against meddling with private property of the in 
habitants were promulgated ; but as the rations were poor, and the people about 
us all secessionists, a few of the boys foraged a little, but with such address that 
other regiments, usually the New York Fire Zouaves, bore the suspicion and the 
blame. In a few days Oscar King, our enterprising sutler, appeared with a full 
stock of sutler s goods, which he opened in a large hospital tent, and at once had 
a thriving trade with our men and those of other regiments. It was soon known 
that he had liquors, though none were sold to enlisted men ; and some of the 
men, by furtively feeling the packages through the tent cloth, located a barrel 
of whisky against the side of the tent ; and soon after dark one cloudy night they 
quietly drew a couple of the tent pins and rolled the barrel out and to an adjoin 
ing field that had been dug in places for various purposes, where it was tapped, 
and a dozen canteens and a couple of camp kettles filled, after which the barrel, 
still more than half full, was buried. The raiders were all from one Sibley tent, 
which contained fourteen men, in charge of a sergeant, and they had filled their 
own and most of their comrades canteens. Though the night was very dark, 
some one about the sutler s tent soon observed the loosened pins, and the loss was 
discovered, complaint made to the colonel, and the lieutenant of the guard sent 



8 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

with a squad to detect the culprits. The delinquents had been on the watch, 
and, seeing this movement, at once confessed to their sergeant, and besought his 
aid in enabling them to escape detection. While disapproving their act, he was 
inclined to stand by his men, and even risk his chevrons to shield them from ex 
posure and punishment. He therefore watched the proceeding of the lieutenant, 
observing that he stopped at the entrance of each tent, ascertained the number 
of its inmates, and called for and examined their canteens. Eeturning to his 
own tent, he found that but two canteens besides his own were empty, and getting 
these where they could be reached, and instructing a couple of men how to aid 
him, he awaited the officer, who soon approached and called, for him. " Ser 
geant, how many men have you?" "Fourteen." "Pass out their canteens." 
With a peremptory order from the sergeant to the men to pass up their canteens 
rapidly, an empty canteen was handed to the officer, smelled of, and dropped at 
his feet as a second one was handed him, while a man, lying down where he 
could reach safely in the darkness, passed the dropped canteen back to the ser 
geant, to be presented to the officer again, and thus the three canteens were each 
examined five times and nothing found in the fifteen canteens supposed to have 
been searched. The camp kettles stood quietly at the rear of the tent and es 
caped suspicion ; and as the search frightened the boys, and made them careful 
in the use of the liquor, they were never discovered. 

BULL RUN. 

For some time a general movement against the enemy had been expected, and 
on July 16th, leaving ten men of each company, mostly sick or ailing, in charge 
of the camp, the regiment joined in the advance of the army toward Manassas 
Junction, where the enemy was known to be in large force. The movement was 
slow, and we bivouacked that night near Fairfax Court House, on a ridge densely 
covered with young pine. The next day we reached Sangster s Station, on the 
Orange & Alexandria railroad, where we halted early in the afternoon. Black 
berries were plentiful, and eagerly gathered. The men had not yet come to rel 
ish hardtack and salt pork ; and, although strictest orders against foraging had 
been issued, a squad of our men, bringing the dressed quarters of a young beef 
into camp, were accidentally met by Col. Franklin, the brigade commander, and 
his staff. Col. Gorman, who chanced to be mounted, rode up while Franklin 
was questioning the delinquents, and, in his magnificent, stentorian voice, over 
whelmed the men with such denunciation and invective as no one but he was 
capable of, ending with an entreaty to Franklin to leave the men to him for such 
punishment as would be an effective example to the regiment. Franklin acceded 
to the request, and rode away, and Gorman, turning to the trembling culprits, 

said: "Now, you, take up that beef and go to your regiment, and don t 

disgrace it by ever getting caught in any such scrape again." The men were glee 
ful at escaping the punishment which seemed certain, and determined to profit 
by the colonel s rather equivocal advice, at least to the extent of being more 
wary in the future. 

On July 18th Capt. Bromley of Company B resigned, and Lieut. Mark W. 
Dowuie assumed command of that company, receiving soon after his commission 
as captain. Lieut. Geo. H. Woods of Company D succeeded Downie as regi 
mental quartermaster. Companies A and B, with Lieut. Col. Miller in command, 
made a reconnaissance some five miles in advance, and till the rebel line was 
reached. During the same time the advance division of the army, under Col. 
Tyler, had a brisk engagement with the enemy near Bull Eun. On July 19th 
our division (Heintzelman s) marched to Centreville, where the entire army was 
concentrated, and remained the next day, while the enemy s position along Bull 
Eun was examined, and considerable skirmishing took place. On Sunday morn 
ing, July 21st, we were called up at one o clock, and, an hour later, marched to 
the top of the hill at Centreville, where we were kept under arms until about six 
o clock, while other troops, batteries and wagons were passing us. Congress 
men and other sight-seers, from Washington, began to throng the high ground 
near us, armed with field glasses. About six o clock we moved through Centre- 



BULL RUN. 9 

ville, and, on reaching Bull Run, turned to the right, and marched by a cir 
cuitous route, that seemed many miles in the sweltering heat, to the vicinity of 
Sudley Church, where we got the first extensive view of the battlefield, from 
which the continued roar of musketry and artillery had hastened our march. 
This view was obtained from Buck Hill, from which the Confederates had retired 
before our arrival. I have received from Gen. William Colvill, who was captain 
of Company F, a narrative of the battle, going into details more than I had pur 
posed, but so interesting that I give it substantially entire : 

Buck Hill was held by two Confederate brigades, Bee s and Evans , and the attack there was 
made by Hunter s Division in front along the Bull Run slope. There was a series of attacks and 
repulses, and the end was long delayed, until a regiment of our (Heintzelman s) division struck 
the enemy s flank by way of the Sudley road, and, getting in a cross-fire, demoralized and broke 
the Confederates, who fell back to Stonewall Jackson s position, about a half mile to the rear. 
This position was almost the counterpart of the first, the right resting on the bluffs of Bull Run, 
and the left on the Sudley road, occupying the top of a long slope, screened all the way across by 
thickets of pine and oak. The distance across was about half a mile. In the thickets, and ex 
tending across from valley to road, Beauregard says he had 6,500 men and fourteen guns about the 
time we reached Buck Hill. A study of his force in detail shows at least 8,000 men, and more guns, 
at the time we went in with Rickett s Battery. Imboden says he counted twenty-six guns, saw them 
properly sighted and the fuses cut. These were in addition to his own battery, which had been 
retired from action. By order of Gen. Bee this battery had been placed at the Henry House, cov 
ering the Sudley road flank of the Buck Hill position, where it had done good service and ex 
hausted its ammunition. Sherman s Brigade came by the right flank of Buck Hill, from his cross 
ing of Bull Run, about forty rods above Stone Bridge, just after the brush was over, and he assisted 
in the pursuit across Young s creek. We arrived at Buck Hill soon after Sherman, and then saw 
his brigade, the Second Wisconsin, the Sixty-ninth New York (Irish) and the Seventy-ninth New 
York (Highlanders) drawn up across Young s creek, close under the hill and out of fire, his line ex 
tending from the Warrenton pike nearly to the Henry House. At that time Griffin s Battery of 
Porter s Brigade, and Rickett s Battery of our (Franklin s) brigade, were pounding vigorously at a 
battery near the right of Stonewall s position, the former from the northwest, and the latter from 
the northeast, angle of the cross-roads, and the enemy made but feeble reply. Stonewall had his 
trap set, and did not choose to disclose it. He was the strong man of that day. We drew up at 
Buck Hill, with eight other regiments, all screened from the enemy. There was our commanding 
general, and every division and brigade commander who had crossed Bull Run except Hunter, 
who was wounded, and Howard, who was held back at Sudley Ford. The commanders were all in 
consultation. The result was that Rickett s Battery, supported by the First Minnesota, and 
Griffin s Battery, supported by the Fourteenth New York of Porter s Brigade, were sent to take 
position at the Henry House hill, within eighty rods of the enemy s position. Near the Henry 
House a wood came down from the thicket, extending sixty rods along the left (east) of the Sudley 
road. This wood was surrounded by a rail fence, grown up on our side with scrub pine, so thick 
as to be impenetrable to the sight. We led off, marching by the flank, and followed by the bat 
teries, coming under fire the first time, to the Warrenton pike, and then, on low ground, out of 
range, to the Sudley road again, which we followed across the creek (Young s), and to the foot 
of the hill on the other side, when we filed left into the field, and then up the hill, coming 
by company into line, and then forward into line, with intent to form on the brink of the hill, 
the batteries to pass through the line at the centre, taking position a short distance in front. 
When the first two companies on the right of the regiment came into line on the brink, we found 
ourselves about two rods from the Henry wood, the left of my company, the Second, about on a 
line with its northeast angle ; and, at the same time, Gen. Heintzelman, who had led our regi 
ment to the foot of the hill, where it filed left, and then rode on by the road to the top, and across 
along the brink, gave our two companies the order, "Feel in the woods for the enemy," to which 
we responded by volleys, and then by a continued fire. It would have been more sensible to have 
pushed a few skirmishers into the wood, who, in two minutes, would have notified us of the near 
approach of the enemy, although I suppose that within two, or at most three, minutes the regi 
ment was in line at the brink, and the batteries in position, and the fate of the batteries deter 
mined. For they had barely unlimbered, and got in altogether but two or three shots, when the 
concentrated fire of all the enemy s guns had killed all their horses and many of their men, prac 
tically disabling both the batteries. Griffin ascribes all his loss to the enemy in the woods, but the 
position of the dead horses close around the guns, and some barely detached from them, proves my 
account. There was, in fact, coming down the wood to meet us, at the time we opened our mus 
ketry fire, a brigade of the enemy, that part of Stonewall s masked line that had been stationed 
in the rear of this wood, and which, on discovering the batteries, had pushed the Fourth Alabama 
Regiment to our front to cover that flank, and formed the other three regiments in close column, 
and advanced on the guns. Their advance from the woods was deliberate and quiet, and though 
perceived from the batteries, they were senselessly held by Griffin and Maj. Barry, the chief of 
artillery, as friends ; and so, coming close up, our regiment withholding its fire on account of the 
Griffin-Barry statement, delivered the first volley, which took effect in the centre of our regiment 
as well as the batteries, killing our color sergeant, and wounding three corporals of the color 
guard, and killing and wounding thirty men in the color company. Capt. Lewis McKune of Com- 



10 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

pany G was killed, other companies suffered severely, and the colors were riddled with bullets. 
The men of our regiment, at the centre and on the left, dropped on the slope and returned the fire, 
and we on the right, engaged in front, now for the first time discovering this enemy, turned our 
fire on his left rear at close range. But they pushed over the batteries, pretty well jammed up, 
and finally faced about toward us, and we expected their volley. Instead came a frantic waving of 
arms and fearful yells, of which we could not distinguish the words because of our-fire, which was 
kept up till the enemy faced to the rear, and after awhile gained distance enough to step out, and 
then to run, when we broke through the fence to follow alongside. We found the woods full of 
fleeing Alabamians, and picked up half a dozen too badly demoralized to run. I should have stated 
that before we crossed the fence, and at the height of our fire, we captured a mounted officer of the 
Second Mississippi, who had come around to us by the woods and Sudley road to "remonstrate 
against firing on our friends. He was astonished on learning who we were. The Alabamians 
wore home-made clothing, mostly red shirts ; and our red shirts, dim through the smoke, and in 
the supposed direction of the Alabamians, had misled the enemy s charging column, and they got 
a taste of their own medicine. Beauregard says this charge was made by part of the Thirty-third 
Virginia. We saw distinctly three sets of colors stars and bars at the guns. We sent our 
prisoners to the Fourteenth New York, then drawn up very comfortably at ordered arms at the 
foot of the hill, with its right on the road. I never saw that regiment again, nor heard of the 
prisoners. Is it not strange that during all the while that our regiment was hotly engaged but a 
few rods in front, this regiment was held out of fire, to be stampeded (Griffin says), a few minutes 
later, by a few rebel horsemen? Generals of the regular army were there. The way was open, 
by the Sudley road and the thicket, to the enemy s rear by a ten minutes march ; and Beaure- 
gard s charge or advance with his whole force, ten minutes after the repulse from our guns, above 
shown, left all his guns uncovered and unprotected for at least half an hour. After Griffin s and 
Barry s blunder in going into the concentrated fire of twenty-six guns at close range, and not un 
seen, and by the side of a wood filled with the enemy, their batteries were disabled in a minute. 
Yet they claim the guns were lost for lack of support. Were they not well supported when such 
an overwhelming and sudden attack was repulsed effectually by our regiment? Kirby of Rickett s 
Battery was able to, and did, get off some of his guns. Could not Griffin have done the same? 
Beauregard says that just prior to the charge the Second Mississippi and Sixth North Carolina had 
been put in these woods, and engaged a large force, upon which they had inflicted severe loss on 
account of their superior marksmanship. Our two companies were the only men in the woods on 
our side who fired a shot above the brink of the hill prior to that charge. As for loss, one man in 
Company A was slightly wounded. The Eleventh Mississippi was brigaded with the Second 
Mississippi and Sixth North Carolina, and was probably with them in this "charge : and the Thirty- 
third Virginia was in Stouewall s Brigade. Gen. Bee and Col. Jones, Fourth Alabama, and Col. 
Fisher, Sixth North Carolina, were all killed about this time. Bee s Brigade had rallied on Stone 
wall, which accounts for these regiments being together. To return: We followed the enemy to 
the thicket, where they disappeared. Our two companies then extended to a skirmish line, pene 
trating the thicket by cattle paths, and keeping up a lively skirmish fire as any of the enemy were 
seen dodging about. Then came the real rebel yell, as from their cover, down through the fields 
outside the woods, charged Beauregard s whole command (except one brigade, still going the other 
way) to the guns. Now came the struggle between this force and Heintzelman, Sherman, Wilcox 
and Franklin for their possession. Beauregard says that from that time on he held our two bat 
teries, as well as the plateau. The fact is not a man could stay on that plateau after the fight was 
over. It was covered effectually by the guns of both armies. I had forgotten to mention the 
Black Horse Cavalry, which passed and returned along the Sudley road, and were noticed as we 
penetrated the thicket. After the struggle for the guns, came Lieut. Col. Miller with reinforce 
ments from the right companies of our regiment, which extended our skirmish line for some dis 
tance to the right across the road. Two or three regiments of the enemy appeared, but were held 
off by the skirmish fire, and disappeared. . After this came a charge of Howard s Brigade into this 
wood, making a great racket, and firing, fortunately for us, overhead. Before they reached the 
front their fire subsided, and they were gone. The firing was heavier and more prolonged to the 
right. Beauregard says he sent then a brigade that cleared out Howard and Sykes regulars. I 
have no evidence of this. Long after this firing, and all sounds of battle, had ceased, being restive 
and anxious for news, I left my command and came back to the guns, which stood, powder-stained 
and grim, in the midst of slain men and horses. They looked forsaken ; not a living creature was 
in sight in any direction. Soon, up the hill from behind the guns, came Gen. Wilcox, taking in 
the scene with sorrowful gaze. On inquiry I found he knew nothing of our troops or of the 
enemy. He then rode along the fence for the front. Hearing firing from my men, I left him at 
the southeast angle of the wood, at the edge of the thicket, and hastened toward them. They 
were watching the cattle paths, and now and then getting a shot. I explored for some distance, 
finally striking a field hospital, nurses and surgeons busy, and withdrew. Directly there was 
sharp firing in the wood across our rear, and, avoiding it, we drifted out to the road. Col. Miller, 
with the same feeling which had induced my visit to the guns, had moved toward them with his 
men, and met Preston s Virginia regiment, and exchanged fire. Capt. Wilkjn had joined him, and 
with my company I joined him as he came to the road, in a cut, where we made a good fight, and 
the enemy fell back toward our guns. We were now in some disorder, and got Company I s flag 
(it is still preserved in Wabasha), borne by a gallant fellow, who, the next day, succeeded to the 
regimental colors, and formed upon it, counting off into two fair companies. We advanced along 
the fence toward the guns, driving the enemy into the thicket. Soon we got no reply, and, peer- 



BULL EUN. 11 

ing through the brush, found that the enemy had again relinquished the fight for the guns. Soon 
a lonesome feeling came over us no other men in sight, and most of us suffering greatly from 
thirst. The men began to fall off, and Miller, with a reluctant glance toward the guns, gave the 
order to retire. Even then some lingered for a parting shot. The last, perched on a fence, and 
there himself a good mark, stayed till I insisted on his leaving. This poor fellow, Fred Miller of 
my company, had advanced furthest to the front of any man that day, and was at one time cut off 
from us by the enemy. On leaving the field he came across three of his comrades carrying a fourth 
to hospital, and, helping, was captured before the hospital was reached. He spent a long time in 
Southern prisons, and never rejoined the regiment. I had intended to omit some passages of my 
own adventure, but thinking one of them may shed some light on the general subject, I will give 
it. Gen. Beauregard mentions the last fight of the day, save some artillery firing from the Chinu 
house, as having occurred in the southwest angle of the cross-roads, where, as he says, Kershaw s 
command attacked and drove off Sykes and Howard s commands, who still lingered there. I sup 
pose I was the force driven off. As I was about to start from the scene of the last action near the 
guns, I heard a man crying, and saw, about thirty rods to the right of the wood toward Chiun s 
house, a soldier sitting on the ground, and went to him. He had dragged himself from the wood 
and was crying at seeing us leave, thinking himself abandoned. His leg was broken, the bone 
protruding. I quieted him, and, seeing a troop of our cavalry, hurried back. As I reached them 
I saw also what appeared to be a great force of our men advancing by the front of Buck Hill right 
about Dogan s house. Just then one of the cavalry exclaimed, "The devils are coming," and 
every horse whisked about, and the cavalry was off like a streak. I turned to see what was the 
matter, as a platoon of the enemy was making a left wheel out of the woods to the right into the 
road. Their sweep would have taken me in. Instinctively I broke for the ravine, putting into 
Chinn s brook, the ravine being four or five rods from the angle of the woods. As I reached it I 
heard the chuck of the muskets, as they fell forward into the left hands, and dropped on my back 
on the slope, as the bullets buzzed like a nest of hornets past my head. I sprang up and, glancing 
back, saw a row of blank faces, astonished at seeing me break down the ravine, soon out of their 
fire. When I reached the brook three or four of our men were drinking. A Wisconsin man 
dropped dead in the brook as we started. A Fire Zouave jumped the brook at my side, and ran up 
the hill. He also dropped, but with my help reached the top and the shelter of a tree. The bat 
tery from Chinn s house at this time threw shells down the brook, which is in line with the course 
of Young s creek below their junction. My eye took in the course of the valley for half a mile, and 
there was not half a dozen men in the entire distance boys lingering along the stream for water, 
whose retreat the shells expedited, and made ludicrous by their ducking to avoid them. This is 
the shelling which Beauregard describes as playing through, mangling and dispersing vast crowds 
of men. The platoon that routed myself was of Kershaw s command, and was the only force of 
the enemy that, up to that time, had reached that angle. I soon reached the head of the column, 
near Dogan s house, at the Warrenton pike. Gen. McDowell was there, his face turning alternately 
red and white with every pulsation, with Arnold s Battery directed to the wood on the right of 
Chinn s house, and its gunners ready to fire. Now, advancing in fine order down the plateau 
toward our abandoned guns, were two of the enemy s brigades in line of battle, with cadenced step 
and bright uniforms, and arms glittering in the evening sun. Our own column, made up of men 
of all commands, was fast melting away, four men disappearing where one was put in line ; and 
Gen. McDowell, on a suggestion that it was of no use to try to hold the place, with great staff offi 
cer dignity directed his aid "to please request Capt. Arnold to recede in this direction," pointing 
to the Sudley road. Capt. Arnold was within six feet, heard the direction, and was ready, and 
had his horses on the gallop almost as soon as the message was transmitted, the general and staff 
following close after. Looking back, our column had disappeared, breaking across lots for Sudley 
Ford. As I passed along a fence a glance showed the enemy making a final charge on, and leaping 
with huzzas upon, our abandoned guns, from which they had been thrice driven, twice by our regi 
ment alone. I will close by the observation, impressed on me at the time, that, except at the guns, 
on their first two advances, the enemy behaved timidly, and advanced with hesitation and seeming 
dread. This was apparent when they were held so long in the woods by a thin line of skirmishers, 
and when a whole regiment, making the third attack on the guns, was repulsed by not more than 
two companies. Company A brought in one captured officer, a Col. Coon of a Georgia regiment. 

There is little to add to Gen. Colvill s narrative, save some further account 
of the left companies of the regiment, which were separated from the right com 
panies when Eickett s guns were taken back through the centre of the regiment, 
and by the movements of the right companies, described by Colvill, which took 
them away from the left. In moving by company into line, in the brush, as we 
neared the top of the hill, the left companies were the last to get into line at the 
edge of a narrow clearing, into which the batteries had just passed. There was 
already firing at the right of the regiment, but the occasion was not understood. 
In a few minutes a strong body of infantry appeared in the edge of the wood just 
opposite us, and fifteen or twenty rods away, dressed in gray, but without show 
ing colors. Many called out that this was the enemy, and prepared to fire. 
But from the batteries came the word that these were friends, and Col. Gorman 
forbade firing. Our Massachusetts volunteers and some others wore gray uni- 



12 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

forms, which probably was the cause of the mistake. Almost at the moment of 
Gorman s order we received the fire of this line, which extended far beyond, 
opposite us, on the left; and, at the same time, the enemy s batteries, less than 
eighty rods away to our left, and in plain view, opened a heavy enfilading fire, 
and, between the two, the regiment and batteries with us suffered as detailed by 
Gen. Colvill. Kirby s men got off a part of Rickett s Battery, but all other 
guns were deserted by the surviving gunners, all the horses, and many of the 
men, being killed or disabled. The left companies dropped on their knees, and, 
as the enemy made a rush for the guns, poured in an effective fire, which, aided 
by the fire from, the right, described by Gen. Colvill, caused them to retire after 
the guns were reached. Getting again in the shelter of the wood, they returned 
our fire, which was steadily kept up, and their batteries again opened on our 
line. As this enfilading fire from the artillery was effective and well directed, 
and the enemy had mostly disappeared from our immediate front, we were or 
dered back, and retired in good order to the foot of the hill, where we remained 
for a considerable time, and were then ordered back to Buck Hill, where our 
knapsacks had been left. We were thence conducted across the Sudley Ford, 
and found the remains of several regiments which had been engaged. Here we 
were joined by a considerable part of the right companies of our regiment; and, 
as it grew late in the afternoon, Gov. Sprague, then commanding a Rhode Island 
regiment, rode up with information, confirming our fears, that the general result 
of the battle was disaster, and proposed retreat to Centreville. Gen. Gorman 
offered the First Minnesota as rear guard, but as Sprague insisted on taking that 
position, our regiment moved off next to the rear, in perfect order, in column 
by platoons. After awhile a large body of our cavalry came, in a disordered 
rush from the rear, along the road, and our men had to break to the right and 
left to let them pass, and did not afterward try to keep in regular order. All 
the way was found, in broken wagons and abandoned material, confirmation of 
the disaster ; and at one place, not far from Centreville, the enemy was shelling 
the road over which we passed. Going through Centreville, we halted near our 
bivouac of the night before about dark, so much fatigued that most of the men 
dropped upon the ground, and were asleep at once, expecting a renewal of the 
battle the next day. In about half an hour the cooks called us up for coffee, and 
to receive the order to inarch at once for Alexandria. This was the hardest of 
all. We knew we had met with a repulse, but had not realized that it was to 
be accepted as defeat, and the prospect of a march of twenty-five miles, after 
such a day of phenomenal heat, long marches and hard fighting, seemed an im 
possible undertaking. How it was accomplished cannot be told. The writer, 
carrying knapsack, haversack, musket, and complete soldier s outfit, was, on 
this march, several times awakened from deep sleep by stumbling against some 
obstruction. In the forenoon of the next clay we were back in our tents at 
Alexandria, thoroughly exhausted and soon asleep, but in the afternoon were 
called up and marched to Washington, six miles or more, by way of Long Bridge. 
This was done in a heavy rain, and we were compelled to stand on the street 
more than an hour, in torrents of rain, when churches and halls were assigned 
for temporary shelter. Some, assigned to Bishop Mcllvaine s church, were im 
mediately supplied by the good bishop with coffee and plenty to eat, and, in 
other places, our constant friend, Col. Aldrich, appeared promptly with a troop 
of colored servants, bearing pails of hot coffee, baskets of eatables, and other 
comforts, most acceptable in our drenched and exhausted condition. The regi 
ment never had a warmer or more efficient friend than Col. Aldrich. Generous 
and open-handed, he was always ready and alert to do everything in his power 
for the regiment, or for any man belonging to it, while his cheery voice and 
genial humor brought jollity and good-feeling whenever he appeared. 

An obvious fault on the federal side in the battle of Bull Run consisted in 
putting the troops into action in small detached bodies, without properly ascer 
taining the position or strength of the opposing force, or even properly regard 
ing what was in plain view. The result was that in almost every attack our 
force there was too small, and was beaten in detail. When we came upon Buck 



WASHINGTON AND CAMP STONE. 13 

Hill we saw the New York Fire Zouaves, which had been sent from that posi 
tion, alone go up to the attack of the enemy s line, and it was of course defeated 
in brief time. There was no reason why several regiments there idle were not 
sent with it, or with us, when we were sent just after. Even the Fourteenth 
New York, which followed us, was not put into action with us, but left idle at 
the foot of the hill. And it is hard to understand why we and the two batteries 
were put on that plateau at all, swept as it was by so many Confederate batteries, 
so near and plainly in sight. Untenable as the position was, the men of the First 
Eegimeut fought like veterans, and it received special commendation in the re 
ports of both Franklin and Heintzelman. The character of its fighting appears 
from its losses, which were forty-two killed, one hundred and eight wounded, and 
thirty missing, one hundred and eighty in all, being more than twenty per cent 
of the men engaged, and the heaviest loss, in proportion to men engaged, of any 
regiment in that battle. The missing were nearly all wounded prisoners in the 
hands of the enemy. The surgeon and assistant surgeon remained in attendance 
upon the wounded on the field, when they might have escaped with the retreat 
ing troops, and were detained as prisoners. Their skillful care of our wounded 
doubtless saved many lives, and as they were treated with marked consideration 
by the Confederates during their captivity, and allowed to look after the welfare 
of their men to some extent, they attended to the cures, and alleviated, in many 
ways, the condition of their wounded comrades. They never returned to the 
regiment, as their places had to be filled before they were released, and for the 
time being they were nominally transferred to other organizations. Both were 
gentlemen of highest professional standing and skill, and of most genial, com 
panionable traits. Surg. Stewart had been mayor of St. Paul, and, being a 
man of untiring energy, had, aside from his professional duties, always taken an 
active, intelligent part in all public affairs, in which his sagacity, disinterested 
ness and personal magnetism gave him great influence. After being exchanged 
he remained at St. Paul on duty connected with the mastering in of troops. 
After the war he was elected member of Congress, and afterward appointed 
United States surveyor general of Minnesota. He died at St. Paul, Aug. 25, 
1884. Asst. Surg. C. W. Le Boutillier became surgeon of the Ninth Eegiment 
Minnesota Volunteers, and died in the service, April 3, 1863. 

"WASHINGTON AND CAMP STONE. 

On July 23d the regiment again encamped a short distance east of the capitol, 
and resumed daily drills; and during our short stay some of the boys found op 
portunity to listen to debates in Congress, then in session. Here, also, for the 
only time in the service of the regiment, was manifested some slight feeling of 
discontent and lack of morale. Aside from the depression naturally following 
the reverse at Bull Eun, there were many other causes for dissatisfaction. The 
rations were poor, salt beef that defied mastication, and ancient hardtack, on 
which the brand "B. C. 7 was claimed by the boys to mark the date of baking. 
Neither pay nor clothing had yet been received from the Government, and most 
of the men still wore the flannel shirts and black pantaloons picked up hastily 
by the state at the time of enlistment from clothing stores in St. Paul and else 
where, the original poor material of which had come to rags and tatters, remind 
ing one of the uniform of Falstaff s vagabonds. Gen. John B. Sanborn, adjutant 
general of the state, learning of the condition of the regiment, came on to Wash 
ington, and, by persistent efforts, procured an issue of clothing to be made about 
the first day of August. On August 2d the regiment broke camp and marched 
for the upper Potomac, halting at Brightwood, after a march of four or five 
miles, where, on the next day, the men received their first pay, at the rate of 
eleven dollars a month for-privates. Discontent vanished at once. On August 
5th we reached Eockville, a pleasant village, with a rather disloyal population. 
Two days later we reached Seneca Mills, and began picket duty along the Poto 
mac. We left the latter place August 16th, and made permanent camp in a 
slightly sloping field, about midway between Poolesville and Edwards Ferry, 
and rather more than one and one-half miles from each. In honor of Gen. Charles 




14 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

P. Stone, commanding the division to which we were attached, our camp was 
named Camp Stone. Here we performed picket duty along the Potomac, for 
some distance on each side of Edwards Ferry, and resumed drilling actively. 
Clothing was issued ; pay-day came again ; the sutler appeared with a heavy 
stock of supplies ; the men built cook houses and ovens ; and, by drawing flour 
at times, instead of hardtack, and purchasing meal at a neighboring mill, soon 
very much improved their fare ; and, being well fed, well cared for and well ex 
ercised, became more efficient and contented than ever before. About eight men 
from the regiment were, with their own consent, transferred to the gunboat 
service on the Mississippi, and a few were selected, by reason of special fitness, 
and transferred to the signal corps. Of these Asa T. Abbott of Company E be 
came an officer in that corps. On October 1st Col. Gorman was promoted briga 
dier general, and: assigned to the command of a brigade, consisting of the Thirty- 
fourth and Eighty-second New York regiments and First Minnesota, to which 
the Fifteenth Massachusetts was soon afterward added, and Napoleon J. T. Dana 
was commissioned colonel of the First Minnesota, and joined the regiment Oc 
tober 12th. Col. Dana graduated from West Point in 1842, and had served in 
the regular army with credit through the Mexican War, and until the year 1855, 
when he resigned, having then the rank of captain. After that time he had re 
sided at St. Paul, and was engaged in the business of banking. He was a model 
officer. Always calm, temperate and gentlemanly in demeanor, and having a 
fine, soldierly presence, he enforced the strictest discipline, without causing any 
friction or complaint, or giving rise to any dissatisfaction. His long, daily drills, 
with packed knapsacks, made the regiment perfect in the execution of all battal 
ion movements, and developed the muscle, so needful in its subsequent service. 
The men became devotedly attached to him. Many other changes took place in 
the regiment. Maj. William H. Dike resigned, and Capt. George N. Morgan 
was promoted major. Capt. Alexander Wilkin was commissioned major of the 
Second Minnesota E^iment, and First Lieut. Henry C. Coates became captain 
of Company A. Maj. Wilkin afterward became colonel of the Ninth Minnesota 
Eegiment, and was killed at the battle of Tupelo. Lieut. Minor T. Thomas was 
commissioned lieutenant colonel of the Fourth Minnesota Eegiment. Capt. 
William H. Acker was commissioned captain in the regular army, and First 
Lieut. Wilson B. Farrell became captain. Capt. Acker was killed at the battle 
of Shiloh. Capt. Henry E. Putnam was also commissioned captain in the regu 
lar army, and First Lieut. De Witt C. Smith was promoted captain of Company 
D. On the promotion of Capt. Morgan, and resignation of First Lieut. James 
Hollister, Second Lieut. George Pomeroy became captain of Company E. Capt. 
Henry C. Lester of Company K was commissioned colonel of the Third Minnesota 
Eegiment, and First Lieut. Gustavus A. Holzborn became captain of Company 
K. Although Col. Lester was unfortunate, and was dismissed for the surrender 
of the Third Minnesota at Murfreesboro, he was efficient, and very highly re 
garded while captain of the First Eegiment. First Lieut. George H. Woods was 
promoted captain and commissary of subsistence, and attained high rank in that 
department. Among the enlisted men Howard Stansbury, Wesley F. Miller 
and Javan B. Irvine were commissioned lieutenants in the regular army. Young 
Miller was the son of our lieutenant colonel, and was afterward killed at the 
battle of Gettysburg. Up to this time and later, vacancies in company officers 
were filled by promotions in the same company, and, at first, pursuant to elec 
tions by the enlisted men. These elections were soon discontinued as unfavor 
able to discipline, and promotions from the enlisted men were made on the rec 
ommendation of the colonel, and later, after examination of one from each 
company, by a board of officers, and subsequent promotions, after the first year, 
were made strictly according to seniority. Just after the battle of Bull Eun, 
upon the report that Dr. Le Boutillier had been killed in that battle, Dr. Daniel 
W. Hand of St. Paul was commissioned assistant surgeon of the First Eegiment, 
and joined us at once. His great skill, genial character and gentle manners 
won at once the regard of all, and he soon became brigade surgeon, and re 
ceived rapid promotion to responsible posts ; and Dr. John H. Murphy per- 



BALL S BLUFF. 15 

formed most satisfactorily the duties of surgeon for several months. His never- 
failing humor and love of fun would work cures in ordinary cases, and he was 
especially successful in his treatment of the few men who were disposed to shirk 
details for laborious or unpleasant duties on pretense of sickness. He was usu 
ally accurate in his diagnosis of such cases, and would feign to discover very 
serious illness, and would describe to the man such symptoms as for the time 
would convince him that his case was alarming, when he would be treated by 
blistering, or such nauseating medicines that he would pause before applying 
for sick-leave again. Later, in the fall of 1861, he was commissioned surgeon 
of the Fourth Minnesota Eegiment, and served through the war, with high 
reputation. 

BALL S BLUFF. 

On October 20th Gen. McCall, having advanced near Drainsville, a demon 
stration in the direction of Leesburg was begun. The First Minnesota and 
Eighty-second New York were marched to Edwards Ferry in the afternoon, 
and, after being displayed- on the north bank, Companies E and K of the First 
Minnesota crossed the Potomac in flatboats, frightening away the enemy s 
pickets and reserves, and some cavalry; and, after remaining on the Virginia 
side some time, recrossed near sunset, when the regiments returned to their 
camps. On October 21st, at half-past one in the morning, the regiment was 
called up and breakfasted, and, with knapsacks and full equipments, reached 
Edwards Ferry at daybreak, and immediately crossed in the flatboats, two 
companies at a time. In a short time the regiment was in line, with two com 
panies advanced as skirmishers, and the other regiments of the brigade, and 
some other troops, then crossed, to the number in all of about 3,000 men, send 
ing out a strong picket, and intrenching, to some extent, near the bank, to be 
ready in case of attack. Gen. E. D. Baker crossed, at about the same time, at 
Harrison s island, about four miles higher up the river; but instead of intrench 
ing, and waiting till his crossing was complete, and then acting in concert with 
Gen. Stone, who was in command at the Ferry, on some report that the Confed 
erates were evacuating Leesburg, he pushed forward a part of his troops toward 
that place, while the rest were still crossing, and, meeting a greatly superior 
force of the enemy, was quickly defeated and killed, and his troops, being driven 
back to where the others were crossing, were slaughtered and captured in large 
numbers, and many drowned while attempting to recross the river. This ad 
vance of Baker was without communication with Stone, and, of course, unex 
pected; and the catastrophe was so sudden that a large part of Baker s own 
force, then crossing, could not aid him, and he could get no help from Stone, 
four miles away, and separated from him by the enemy s earthworks, especially 
as the first notice of Baker s movement, save the firing, which was soon over, 
was the news of the completed disaster. On Tuesday, October 22d, reinforce 
ments were crossed, and there was some skirmishing on the picket line, in which 
one man of the First Minnesota was killed and some wounded. On Wednesday, 
October 23d, Gens. McClellan and Banks arrived, and it was determined that 
our force should be withdrawn. Gen. Stone placed Gen. Gorman in charge of 
the crossing, who, as soon as it was dark, launched several canal-boats into the 
river, and manned them with lumbermen, mainly from Companies B, D and E 
of the First Minnesota, who, with poles, handled the boats expertly. Gen. 
Stone attended personally to the withdrawal of the troops, and the writer, who 
was detailed to act as his messenger or orderly, and carried verbal messages 
from him, and made reports to him personally during the entire night, can 
vouch for his constant, watchful, personal supervision of every movement, and 
his solicitude and care that no munitions, provisions, or material of any kind, 
should be destroyed or abandoned, and the great skill exhibited in conducting 
the withdrawal as rapidly as the boats could carry the men, but without chance 
for disorder or panic. The First Minnesota Eegiment, reduced by the detail 
handling the boats, was selected and placed in position to become the rear 
guard. All the other troops were new, and such withdrawal in the night, after 



16 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

knowledge of Baker s disaster, might easily have been mismanaged so as to 
cause trepidation and disorder. But the movement was effected in perfect quiet 
and order. Troops nearest the river were first crossed ; then others were ap 
prised of the retreat only as they received orders to move to the boats at once 
and in silence. There was no crowding, and no, delays. When nearly all had 
crossed, the picket was withdrawn, the writer traversing its length in the dark 
ness and timber, and communicating the order to each reserve. As the picket 
fell back the First Minnesota alone was left, and it was also called in and crossed, 
as light began to dawn in the east, Gen. Stone being the last man to embark. 
Not a man nor a pound of material was left behind. But the people of the whole 
country were shocked by the disaster at Ball s Bluff, and were not inclined to 
blame Gen. Baker, who had died gallantly fighting, and who was popular as he 
was brave. Secretary Stanton and the committee on the conduct of the war 
sought long for a scapegoat for sacrifice to appease the popular wrath, and, after 
three months, the secretary ordered the arrest of Gen. Stone, and his incarcera 
tion in Fort Lafayette, where, deaf to all appeals from Stone to be informed of 
the cause of the arrest, the secretary held him in rigorous confinement more 
than six months, and until the passage of an act of Congress limiting the time 
of such imprisonment unless charges were made, and continued the imprison 
ment until the very last day of such limitation, and ever after his release de 
clined to give any reason or excuse for the outrage. Stanton s conduct in this 
matter can only be characterized as tyranny, pure and simple. Some have 
claimed that McClellan should share with Stanton the responsibility for this out 
rage; but he could not refuse to cause Stanton s peremptory order to be exe 
cuted. He took no steps to relieve Gen. Stone from what he must have known 
was cruel oppression ; and his passiveness is hardly to be excused, except on the 
ground that his own relations with the secretary soon became such that he could 
hardly risk a new issue with him on behalf of another. From what evidence re 
mains of this discreditable transaction, it seems that Senator Wade, chairman of 
the committee on the conduct of the war, was an accessory in advising the arrest, 
that there might be a victim to appease the inconsiderate popular clamor, but 
the subsequent course of cruelty seems to rest on Stanton alone. 

After the battle of Ball s Bluff the regiment returned to its camp, and re 
sumed its picket service and constant drill. A strong effort was made soon after 
to break up the practice of several parties of selling liquor to the men. Col. 
Dana, finding our sutler had some supply, destroyed and spilled the whole of it. 
The sutler of the Thirty-fourth New York, having been caught offending, was 
drummed out of the brigade by order of Gen. Gorman. Serious consequences 
to Gorman came near attending one of his well-meant efforts to break up this 
evil. A couple of negro slaves belonging to a farmer near by had for some time 
been carrying on the traffic on their own account, and were detected and arrested. 
The evidence was clear, and their master was sent for. He advised as punishment 
that they should be whipped by the soldiers to whom they had last sold liquor, 
and this was done. The soldiers felt themselves punished by being compelled 
to administer the whipping, which was therefore not very severe, and it stopped 
this enterprise among the negroes. But a soldier of the regiment, partly from a 
spirit of mischief, and partly because of some dislike toward Gorman, wrote a 
highly colored account of the whipping to the New York Tribune, which at once 
denounced Gorman for flogging the slaves. The soldier followed this up by 
another communication purporting to come from a friend of Gorman, pretend 
ing flimsy excuses, but admitting the facts mainly, as at first charged, and kept 
this up, by managing both sides of a bogus controversy, to the detriment of 
Gorman s reputation, bringing out repeated editorials, and inflaming the abo 
litionists against him to such an extent that when Gorman s confirmation as 
brigadier general came up for action in the senate he was only saved by the most 
persistent labor of friends, including Gen. Scott, under whom he had served in 
Mexico. 

On Jan. 16, 1862, Brig. Gen. John Sedgwick assumed command of our 
division, and .on February 3d Col. Dana was appointed brigadier general, and 



THE VALLEY CAMPAIGN. 17 

assigned to the command of a brigade in the same division. The officers and 
men of the First Minnesota Regiment were very loth to part with him, but rec 
ognized the propriety and justice of his promotion, and manifested their regard 
by presenting him with sword, saddle, bridle, etc., as fine as could be purchased. 
Adjt. William B. Leach was promoted captain and assistant adjutant general, 
and assigned to Gen. Dana s Brigade. Dr. William H. Morton of St. Paul was, 
about the same time, commissioned surgeon of the First Regiment. 

THE VALLEY CAMPAIGN. 

On the morning of Feb. 25, 1862, we left Camp Stone, the whole division 
moving up the Potomac, and bivouacked at evening near the Monocacy river. 
The next day we crossed that river at Winfield Mills, and marched to Adams- 
town, whence we were conveyed by rail to Sandy Hook, crossing the Potomac on a 
pontoon bridge, and quartering forthe night in the partially destroyed buildings 
in which John Brown and his partisans had attempted defense, and examined 
with curiosity the marks of his struggle still remaining. Harper s Ferry was a 
strikingly picturesque place. Maryland and Loudon Heights on either side, 
looking down on the chasm which the waters of the Potomac and Shenandoah, 
here uniting, had rent through the Blue Ridge. Solid piers of blackened 
masonry showed where had stood the costly bridges, destroyed by the Confeder 
ates ; and the ruins of the armory buildings and other structures consumed with 
them gave an air of utter desolation to the deserted town, in which but few, and 
those the poorest of the population, remained. During the 28th of February, a 
large body of troops of all arms was concentrated here, and we changed to more 
comfortable buildings in the higher part of the town. On March 7th we moved 
to Charlestown, where, on Sunday, March 9th, the regiment attended worship, 
conducted by Chaplain Neill, in the Presbyterian church. On March 10th we 
had the advance, in the march upon Berry ville, on a macadamized turnpike, 
which, wet with falling rain, played havoc with the soles of our army shoes. On 
approaching Berryville, Companies B and K were advanced as skirmishers, and, 
heralded by a few shots from a section of artillery, rushed into the town at 
double-quick, with a company of Van Alen s Cavalry, and put to flight a consid 
erable mounted force of the enemy, and hoisted the stars and stripes on the court 
house. The First Regiment camped in a grove at the edge of the town, and dur 
ing the night the printers of the regiment took possession of the office of the Ber 
ryville Conservator, and in the morning following issued a large edition of The 
First Minnesota, a small paper of four pages, which sold readily, not only in the 
regiment but in all the surrounding camps. It was filled with a rollicking mix 
ture of humor and patriotism, jibes upon the runaway editor of the Conservator, 
and the fleeing "secesh," and good advice to the inhabitants, which they were 
unlikely to profit by. On the morning of March 13th the division marched 
toward Winchester, where a battle with Jackson s force was expected. As we 
were moving from the camp, Col. Alfred Sully, who had been commissioned 
upon the promotion of Gen. Dana, rode up and took command of the regiment. 
Col. Sully was then the senior captain in the regular army, having graduated 
from West Point in 1841, and served with distinction in the Seniinole and Mexi 
can wars, and in various Indian troubles on the frontier, and was in every way a 
splendid soldier. He manifested from the first perfect reliance on the honor and 
good conduct of the regiment, and never placed a regimental guard about camp 
or bivouac. The men appreciated his confidence, and no instance occurred of 
any abusing the privileges accorded, or of leaving camp without permission. 
When we came within two miles of Winchester, we were halted with the news 
that Jackson had fled up the valley, and were marched back to our camp at Ber 
ryville. On the day following we returned to Charlestown, and on March 15th 
we camped on Bolivar Heights, just back of Harper s Ferry. Here we learned 
of the organization of army corps, and that Sedg wick s Division was the Second 
Division of the Second Army Corps, commanded by Brig. Gen. Edwin V. 
Surnner. We remained here, in a nearly continuous storm of alternate rain 
and snow, until March 22d, when we crossed the Potomac to Sandy Hook and 



18 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

took cars for Washington, reaching that place about midnight, and, after some 
delay, getting coffee and shelter from the storm at the Soldier s Eetreat. Camp 
ing again near the capitol, we remained until the night of March 26th, when we 
marched by way of Long Bridge into Virginia, and were then conveyed by cars 
to Alexandria, where, through some blunder, we were left standing on the. 
street, in a drenching rain, until morning, and then were taken to the ground 
on which we had camped before Bull Eun. The men, wet and shivering, quickly 
resurrected the barrel of sutler s whisky, which they had buried the year 
before, and its contents, fairly distributed, were probably beneficial in counter 
acting the effects of the exposure. 

THE PENINSULA. 

On the evening of March 29th the regiment embarked on the small steamers 
Golden Gate and Jenny Lind, with transports in tow, and the next morning 
moved down the Potomac, past Fort Washington, Mount Vernon, and deserted 
rebel works, anchoring at evening near the entrance into Chesapeake bay. The 
next day we passed through that bay, filled with vessels of all kinds, including 
several war steamers, and on the morning of April 1st paused for some hours at 
Fortress Monroe, where the object of greatest interest, lying close by us, was the 
little Monitor, which had so recently met and overcome the formidable Merri- 
mac. It lay quietly among a crowd of vessels, so small and unlike anything 
ever before imagined as a water-craft, and yet so powerful and impregnable. 
We could not study it enough. Moving forward, we debarked at the ruins of 
Hampton, camping in a low, wet field, without wood or good water. Some of 
the men found oysters here, by stripping and wading in the rather cold water, 
discovering them with their bare feet. On April 5th, at 1 o clock A. M., we 
broke camp, and marched that day to Big Bethel. The weather had suddenly 
changed to sweltering heat, and overcoats, dress coats and extra blankets were 
thrown away on the march, to lighten the knapsacks. On the route, Gen. 
McClellan rode past us with his staff and cavalry escort. When passing Col. 
Sully, with the formal salute came the familiar greeting of old comrades: "How 
are you, Alf ? " " How do you do, George f " McClellan appeared strong, well- 
knit, a splendid horseman, and the picture of ruddy health. His well-fitting 
uniform was perfectly neat and entirely plain much plainer than the uniforms 
of his staff. He was already popular with the army, and heartily cheered as he 
passed along. The march was resumed April 6th, at 5 o clock A. M., with 
cannonading and skirmishing in front, and was varied by long halts and occa 
sional movements at double-quick, giving the impression that an engagement wa& 
likely to occur at any moment; but the enemy retired sullenly, and we came 
within a couple of miles of the Confederate works in front of Yorktown. Our 
bivouac, which we occupied for several days, was in mud; it rained all the time, 
and we were employed building corduroy roads. From the constant discomfort, 
the boys named the place Camp Misery. Early in the morning of April llth 
a balloon that ascended to the right of us, near the York river, parted its lines r 
and for a little while was an object of exciting interest, as it sailed over the Con 
federate works; but a fortunate current brought it backward, and the aeronaut 
landed it in our division camp Gen. Fitz John Porter being one of its passen 
gers. The same morning we were moved from Camp Misery to within about a 
mile of the enemy s line, the entire camp of the army taking the name of Camp 
Winfield Scott. Shelter tents, which the men called "dog tents," were issued, 
and being placed in a wood, and on higher ground, we were much more comforta 
ble than before. We spent the month in constant and hard duty, either on 
picket or building fortifications or corduroy roads, and aroused nearly every 
night by musketry on the picket lines, and marched to threatened points ; and 
were most of the time wet to the skin with the continued rains. 

YORKTOWN. 

On the morning of May 4th, before daylight, the regiment went on picket as 
usual, but was soon ordered back to camp for tents and knapsacks, on a report 



YORKTOWN. 19 

that the enemy was leaving. Dana s Brigade, on our right, was first in the 
enemy s works, and we entered next. The Confederate evacuation must have 
been sudden, as considerable provisions and camp equipage were left, and the 
men s breakfasts were still cooking over the fires; not very tempting messes 
generally, but our men secured a supply of frying pans and bake kettles. A 
plantation smoke house near by, and well filled, gave many of us some store of very 
nice ham and bacon. We remained in the enemy s works until the next morn 
ing, when a march of three miles to the right, in deep mud and pouring rain, 
brought us to Yorktown. The fortifications here were very strong, and could 
not have been forced without great sacrifice of life. Several casualties in other 
regiments happened through the day from torpedoes, made from percussion shells, 
buried in the ground. The rain continued to pour, and the mud was apparently 
bottomless. Heavy firing was heard at different times during the day, in the 
direction of Williamsburg, and troops were moving, as fast as the terrible con 
dition of the roads would permit, in the same direction. About dark our 
brigade started, and after floundering in the darkness, rain and mud for about 
three hours, constantly impeded by troops, wagons and artillery ahead, so that 
little progress was made, we were faced about and marched back to Yorktown. 
On the afternoon of May 7th we embarked on the steamer Long Branch, and 
the next morning, with Franklin s command, steamed up the York river, land 
ing in boats at West Point, under fire from some batteries, which were soon 
silenced by our gunboats. There was skirmishing between the infantry until 
about 5 P. M. , when the enemy retired. We remained here during the next day, 
troops and artillery being landed, and on May 9th we moved up the Pamunky 
four miles to Eltham. Here we stayed till May 15th, when we moved in the 
mud and continuing rain eight miles, camping in a pine grove near New Kent 
Court House. On May 18th we advanced four miles, to the residence of Dr. 
May, a surgeon on Gen. Lee s staff. On May 21st we marched eight miles, 
passing White House and the church where Washington was married. On May 
23d we marched four or five miles, and encamped near the Chickahominy; and 
on May 27th the regiment was ordered to that river to build a bridge. It was 
built of logs, cut near the banks by the men, and was completed before sunset, 
excepting a part of the corduroy approach on the north side, which was con 
structed by another regiment on the following day. As grapevines, which 
grew plentifully on the banks, were used instead of withes about its construc 
tion, it was called by some the "Grapevine Bridge." During that day there 
was considerable heavy firing on our right, where Porter was advancing, and 
the next morning our regiment marched, with three days rations, to reinforce 
Porter, near Hanover Court House. We returned on May 29th, Porter having 
accomplished his design of destroying some railroad bridges. While here, we 
witnessed the execution of the sentence of a court martial upon a captain of the 
Thirty-fourth New York, for insubordination and mutinous conduct. The 
brigade was formed, and after the reading of the sentence, his buttons were cut 
off and his sword broken; the remainder of the sentence being that he be dis 
missed the service. 

About this time we were informed of the fact that Gen. H. S. Sanford, United 
States minister resident at Brussels, had, through the governor of our state, pre 
sented to the First Minnesota Regiment a small battery, consisting of three steel 
rifled cannon, of six-pound caliber, with suitable ammunition. On the breech of 
each of the guns was inscribed : "To the First Minnesota Regiment Volunteers. 
Tribute to Patriotism and Valor. Brussels, 1861." 

In his letter to Gov. Ramsey, Gen. Sanford expressed, in warm terms, his ad 
miration for the efficiency, discipline and conspicuous valor of the regiment, 
which had prompted him to place in its hands these guns, which he had caused 
to be made for the defense of the Union. 

The very flattering terms in which this munificent gift was conveyed caused 
much gratification, and the survivors of the regiment still take pride in assert 
ing their ownership and control over the Sanford Battery. 



20 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

FAIR OAKS. 

On Saturday, May 31st, about 1 P. M., we were suddenly aroused by very 
heavy firing of artillery and musketry, indicating a hard fought battle on the 
south side of the Chickahominy, which was held by the corps of Heintzelman and 
Keyes. The river had become greatly swollen from heavy rains, and the only 
passable bridge in our vicinity was the grapevine bridge, which we had 
built four days before; and even that seemed precarious, as the water had 
reached the log covering, and much of the corduroy approach was in a floating 
condition. Sedgwiek s Division was under arms at once, and Gorman marched 
his brigade to the river ; but orders to cross did not come until about half-past 
two, when Gorman crossed promptly, with the First Minnesota in the lead, and 
hurried to the nearest sound of the conflict, through mud knee-deep part of 
the way. The condition of the air or direction of the wind made the sound of 
musketry seem nearer than it was in fact; but with the rapid stride taken by the 
regiment we soon encountered the fleeing stragglers and cowards, who reported 
utter and irretrievable defeat. Paying no attention to these, about three miles 
from our crossing we reached Couch s Brigade, as it was taking up a new 
position in rear of Fair Oaks. Here I quote from Gen. Walker s "Second 
Corps:" 

The moment Couch saw the advance of Sumner s column, he begins the deployment of his own 
troops, while one of his staff officers, galloping to the head of Sedgwick s Division, detaches the 
First Minnesota, and leads it right to the Courtney House, where Sully has been ordered to take posi 
tion ; and not a moment too soon, for as the young officer is giving that grim veteran of the regu 
lar army some advice as to the disposition of his force, which is received with outward courtesy, 
and probably with inward amusement, a crowded column in gray bulges out of the woods close in 
front. Have you ever noticed the instinctive recoil which always attends the first emerging from 
the shade of the forest into the broad glare of day? So this column, the advance of G. W. Smith, 
for the instant recoiled, and, as its leading officers perceived Sully s men in front, it fell back into 
the woods to form under cover for the coming assault. 

The rest of our brigade was formed on the left of Couch, and our deployment 
on his right was just in time, for the disposition was hardly complete when a 
heavy attack came. We were in a field of wheat, and behind a rail fence. The 
attacking force did not cover our front, reaching about to our left ; so that we got 
little of its fire, but poured an effective cross-fire diagonally into its left flank. 
Our loss was but two men killed and two wounded, and we took a large number 
of prisoners, including a colonel, a lieutenant colonel and two company officers. 
The colonel, named Long, of a North Carolina regiment, had been a lieutenant 
in Sully s Company in the regular army. Our presence in the field was clearly 
unexpected by the enemy, who had hoped for easy victory, and fought with 
great vigor and tenacity. The Eighty-second and Thirty-fourth New York 
regiments of our brigade, now in battle for the first time, fought like veterans, 
and by a resolute and successful bayonet charge, saved Eickett s Battery, when 
in great danger from a sudden advance of the enemy, and repelled that advance, 
after which the enemy drew back. The victory on our part of the field was 
complete and decisive that night. The Confederates were driven at all points, 
and with very heavy loss, and did not attack us on the next day, although in 
the forenoon of that day there was heavy fighting to the left, and especially 
just to our left, about ten o clock, when the Irish Brigade of Eichardson s 
Division of our corps was put in the front line, and drove the enemy from its 
position in their front. On that day the other regiments of our brigade, sepa 
rated from us in the hurried dispositions made on first reaching the field, were 
brought to our side, and the spontaneous cheers with which they were greeted 
by our men, for their good conduct, did much to perfect that good feeling and 
esprit du corps which ever after existed in that brigade. Sully, Dana and Gor 
man won high commendations for their conduct in this battle, and McClellan 
paused, on Sunday, a few moments in front of the regiment, greeting the men 
with words of praise and confidence. The continual rains had broken down the 
bridges, and made the roads so impassable that neither artillery nor trains, nor 
even rations, could be brought up, except as the latter was carried by details. 



SEVEN DAYS BATTLES. 21 

McClellan could not, therefore, follow up further any advantage gained over the 
enemy, as any further advance would bring us, without our artillery, against 
the enemy s fortifications, our position being within five miles of Eichmond. 
It was some days before troops were got over in sufficient number to extend our 
right backward to the Chickahominy. During the rest of June, until the move 
ments and battles resulting in the change of base, the regiment was kept on 
constant and severe duty, on picket and building corduroy roads, and felling 
the forest in front of our lines. Our pickets were attacked and shelled nearly 
every day, and scarcely a night passed that we were not in line once or oftener 
from some alarm, and we were required to keep our arms on, sleeping or wak 
ing, in readiness to fall into line at a moment s notice. On June 3d we were 
joined by the Second Company of Minnesota Sharpshooters, Capt. Wm. F. 
Eussell, which had arrived June 1st, taking part in the battle near its close, 
and having one wounded. It was attached to the First Eegiment, and borne on 
its rolls and reports as Company L, though never in fact consolidated with the 
regiment. The weather through June was hot, and heavy rains frequent. The 
only water for drinking was surface water, as the ground was low, and malarial 
diseases and diarrhea were very prevalent. On June 8th the Spanish general, 
Prim, with a gorgeous staff, accompanied by the French princes on McClellan s 
staff, passed along the line of our regiment, and were received with " presented 
arms." Gen. Prim was on his way home from Mexico, and came to see our 
army in the field. On this day he had come with the French princes from 
McClellan s headquarters to visit Gen. Sumner, who, with Sedgwick and other 
generals, and our colonel, Sully, occupied the Courtney or Adams House, just 
in rear of our line. The fact that Sully spoke both French and Spanish fluently 
did much to make the visit easy and pleasant to the guests, and the French 
princes said so many complimentary things about Sully s regiment that Gen. 
Prim expressed an anxious desire to see it. He was a man of medium size, large 
head, and eyes that observed everything, in the prime of manhood, and dressed 
plainly compared with his staff. June 18th was the only quiet day and night, 
and Sergt. Matt Marvin of Company K, one of the best and most efficient of sol 
diers, notes in his diary that he slept twenty -four hours, which indicates the 
worn and fatigued condition of the regiment. Still, the false and dangerous 
position astride the Chickahominy was held, on the promises from Washington 
that we were to be joined at once by McDowell s army of 35,000 men, then at 
Fredericksburg. 

SEVEN DAYS BATTLES. 

It is needless to tell here how Lee and his great lieutenant, Jackson, aroused 
the fears of the authorities at Washington by the rapid raid of the latter into 
the Shenandoah Valley, scattering the poorly commanded federal armies in that 
region, and diverting McDowell s army into that section ; or with what skill 
and address he suddenly left 60,000 Union troops there, pretending to look for, 
and evidently fearing to meet him, and with no knowledge of his whereabouts, 
while he rapidly returned to the north of Eichmond, and, in connection with 
the corps of D. H. Hill, hurled an overwhelming force upon the corps of Fitz 
John Porter, on the left bank of the Chickahominy, near Mechanicsville, on 
June 26, 1862. Nor shall I attempt to describe the stubborn resistance and ter 
rible fighting of Porter s corps, with reinforcements sent from the right bank, 
during that and the two following days. Our extended lines south of the river 
were every day threatened and subjected to heavy artillery, fire, especially at 
the angle occupied by the First Minnesota, where previous attacks had caused 
us to build a strong breastwork, with traverses to protect us from enfilading 
artillery. Night and day we were in readiness for conflict. On the afternoon 
of June 28th we were ordered to pack up everything but shelter tents, and at 
nightfall these were struck, and we lay on the ground without covering. The 
trains had been going to the south all day, and at dark the sick and disabled 
were also sent off, and at early daylight, in the morning of June 29th, leaving 
our pickets out on the picket line, we marched away in the rear of the army. 



22 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

The roads were blocked with masses of moving troops, impeded further along 
by trains and artillery, and in the dense mist of the morning very slow progress 
w*as made. We had advanced but about three miles when, at nine o clock in the 
morning, our picket was forced back, and followed by the enemy, under the 
active and alert Magruder. This force attacked us at once, as we formed near 
the peach orchard on Allen s farm. The fighting was sharp for a brief time, 
though the attack mainly fell on troops just to the right of our regiment, and 
but little of the enemy s fire, save from artillery, reached us. After several re 
pulses of persistently renewed attacks the enemy fell back, and our army pro 
ceeded on its way. 

Moving on, we reached Savage Station about 1 o clock p. M., and were massed 
with a considerable body of the Second Corps near the road leading across White 
Oak swamp. The rest of the army had passed on, and a large amount of mate 
rial at the railroad bridge was being destroyed. When the bridge, with engines 
and trains upon it, was blown up, an immense body of dense smoke arose, 
assuming perfectly symmetrical, and continually changing forms and colors, 
beautiful and grand to the view, in whatever form it took, like the changes in 
a kaleidoscope, and observed by all for several minutes before it was dissipated. 
About four o clock the Confederates ran down the railroad a heavy gun mounted 
on a flat-car, and protected by railroad iron, and opened fire on our troops. 
This was followed closely by infantry and other artillery. The First Minnesota 
and Gen. Burns Brigade of our division were ordered to the point of attack, and 
soon drove off the enemy. But Confederate infantry at once appeared on 
another road further to the left, and we were sent to that point, being joined by 
the other regiments of our brigade, the First Minnesota here forming the ex 
treme left of the line, and resisting the heaviest brunt of the attack, which was 
made with artillery at canister range, and with infantry extending beyond our 
left flank, which was iu great danger of being turned. The fighting here was 
most persistent and severe, and as we got the enemy s fire diagonally from its 
extended right, as well as from the front, our loss was considerable. We held 
the position, however, without yielding an inch, and about sunset the Vermont 
Brigade, which had been recalled from its route to White Oak swamp, came in 
on our left, and, joining in a last counter attack, the enemy was driven back. 
The First Minnesota lost forty-eight killed and wounded in this battle. Gather 
ing our wounded into the field hospital, as there were no facilities for removing 
them, they were left, with a sufficient number of attendants, after their wounds 
had been dressed, to the care of the enemy, and we pushed on after night, still 
in rear of the army, across White Oak swamp, bivouacking near morning for a 
brief time soon after crossing the bridge. 

Early in the morning of June 30th the regiment, under command of Lieut. Col. 
Miller (Sully, by reason of Gorman s illness, being in command of the brigade), 
marched about two miles, when it was countermarched back to the bridge to aid 
the corps of Gen. Franklin in holding that point against the assaults of Jackson, 
which began furiously with artillery about ten o clock. The natural obstacles 
of swamp and stream gave Jackson little chance to use his infantry, but the 
artillery contest, with occasional infantry fighting, lasted the entire day, which 
was one of stifling heat. Heavy infantry firing ahead of us apprised us of the 
sanguinary battle at Glendale, where the corps of Longstreet and A. P. Hill, 
having passed around the swamp, were endeavoring to force the flank of our line 
of march, and cut off that part of the army still in the rear holding Jackson at 
bay, as well as the immense wagon trains, which, crossing White Oak swamp 
the night before, now filled the roads behind our forces at Glendale. Soon after 
noon we were sent to another crossing of the stream, which Jackson endeavored 
to force. 

Late in the afternoon we were hurriedly sent to Glendale, moving for most 
f the distance at double-quick. We were at first placed in support of troops 
then hotly engaged, throwing ourselves on the ground to recover breath and 
avoid needless exposure to the storm of bullets passing over us. It was the 
heaviest attack made by the Confederates, and Geu. Suuiner personally ordered 



HARRISON S LANDING. 23 

us into the front line to relieve a regiment which was hard pressed, saying : 
" Boys, I shall not see many of you again, but I know you will hold that line." 
The men rose with a cheer, and Dana, whose brigade was engaged near by, said : 
"I will place my old regiment, 77 and led us to our position in the line. But the 
brunt of the battle had then passed, and although firing was kept up between 
our line at the edge of a wood and the rebel line within the wood, no further 
serious attack was made by the rebels, and darkness soon substantially closed 
the conflict. Several of our men were wounded here, among them Capt. William 
Colvill, who, after dark, was desperately wounded by a shot in the left breast. 
But, with that imperturbability for which he was distinguished, he gave no sign 
of being hurt, and turned over his command to his lieutenant, as if for a few 
minutes 7 absence, and no one knew that he was hurt until the next morning, 
when he was heard from as having walked to the field hospital at Malvern Hill. 
We held the line of battle until near morning, when all the trains, as well as 
Franklin 7 s Corps, having passed our position, we followed unmolested, and after 
daylight on July 1st reached Malvern Hill. 

When we arrived there we found the whole army being posted in position for 
battle, some thirty or forty rods in front of the crest of the hill, on which the 
heavy siege artillery was placed. It was a good battlefield, having about half 
or three-fourths of a mile of gently sloping cleared ground in our front. Our 
position at first was near the centre of our line, where, about eight o 7 clock, the 
enemy opened onus a heavy artillery fire, slightly wounding several of our men 
with pieces of shell, but none severely. Our position was changed slightly sev 
eral times, and toward noon we were moved to the rear and marched considerably 
to the right, off the elevated plateau, and stationed in an oat-field, on lower 
ground, and well to the right of the line of battle. There we remained without 
attack daring- the entire day, listening to the sound of the terrific conflict on the 
left, and expecting au attack at any moment. At times the volume of musketry 
and roar of artillery exceeded anything we had before listened to, and with the 
novel, unearthly shrieking of the immense shells thrown from gunboats passed the 
wildest conceptions of the terrible in battle. Gen. McClellan came along our line 
in the afternoon, infusing that enthusiasm which his presence always brought on 
a battlefield. The conflict on the left continued through the entire day, and for 
some time after dark. Toward morning we were withdrawn, and again as 
cending Malvern Hill, found it substantially deserted by our troops, and we 
passed after them by a road down the steep bluff to the low ground along the 
Jafnes river, and in a drenching rain, through mud which the trains and artil 
lery had made bottomless, and along which we wallowed, rather than marched, 
about seven miles to Harrison 7 s Landing. 

HARRISON S LANDING. 

Morning on July 2d was dawning as we descended the bluff at Malvern Hill, 
and it was about noon when we reached Harrison 7 s, and were massed for camp 
in a field of finely ripened wheat, of large extent, on the rich bottom near the 
river. A finer crop never gladdened the eye of a husbandman than this before 
we entered it. But with the mass of men who covered it, and the rain still pour 
ing, within an hour there was not a sign of wheat merely a field of black mud, 
upon which the soldiers set up their dog tents, and supplied them with bedding 
from large stack yards, where from some cause, the crops of previous years still 
stood unthreshed. In a few days we were moved further from the river, camp 
ing on drier ground, near a small rivulet, and were kept busy during the month 
with fatigue and picket duties. On July 9th President Lincoln, with Gens. 
McClellan, Sumner, Sedgwick and others, passed along our lines, and, on the 
next day, our chaplain, Eev. E. D. Neill, took final leave of the regiment to 
enter on duty as hospital chaplain in Philadelphia. He was, and is, a most pol 
ished and agreeable gentleman, of unusual scholarly attainments, and inde 
fatigable in his interest for the men, and in his efforts to secure for them every 
comfort that could be obtained. It is needless to say that he was then, and still 
is, held in highest regard and esteem by all. He became one of President Lin- 



24 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

coin s private secretaries, and continued in the same place under President 
Johnson, and was appointed by President Grant United States consul to Dublin. 
Since his return to Minnesota he has resumed clerical and literary work, and 
uniting the characteristics of an educator, a man of letters and devoted Christian 
clergyman with that of a most genial, polished gentleman, wit and humorist, he 
is a most delightful companion, and his name is a household word throughout 
the state, where he has resided and labored since its earliest settlement, now 
nearly half a century. On July 22d the corps was reviewed by Gen. McClellan, 
and in Gen. Sumner s orders the next day the First Minnesota and Nineteenth 
Massachusetts were complimented as the two model regiments. On August 4th 
our division and some other infantry, with cavalry and artillery, moved by & 
circuitous route to the rear of Malvern Hill, and advanced to that field the next 
day over the same road as when coming from Glendale. The rebels, after brief 
resistance, were driven from the field, and we bivouacked on that part of the 
battlefield where the severest fighting between Porter s and Magruder s forces 
had taken place. The pits where the dead had been buried in cords had sunk, 
and bones were protruding. We now hoped that this movement was the begin 
ning of a new advance along the James upon Richmond. 

RECALL FROM THE PENINSULA. 

But Stanton and Halleck had conceived and started the movement under 
Pope, and the Army of the Potomac was peremptorily recalled from the penin 
sula. We were therefore ordered back to Harrison s Landing, whence the sick 
were at once sent to the general hospital at Newport News, which was in charge 
of our former surgeon, Dr. D. W. Hand, who had been succeeded by Dr. John 
B. Le Blond as assistant surgeon of the regiment. The surplus material was 
being shipped to Alexandria. On August 16th the regiment moved, passing 
Charles City Court House, Williamsburg, Yorktown and Big Bethel, and reach 
ing Newport News on the 22d, and on the 25th embarked on the steamer Missis 
sippi, and reached Alexandria on the morning of the 28th, and marched out 
about three miles toward Fairfax Court House, where they heard the first news 
of disaster to Pope s army. Here the indecision and incapacity of Halleck was 
strikingly displayed. Instead of sending Sumner s and Franklin s corps at once 
to the front, they were kept near Washington, and on the 29th we were marched 
back through Alexandria to the aqueduct, and then to Chain Bridge. On the 
30th we were marched forward again, passing a suburb of Alexandria, to a 
place about six miles east of Fairfax Court House. On the next day we marched 
to Centreville. On September 1st Pope s army was retreating toward the Poto 
mac, and the Second Corps was placed in the rear, our regiment becoming the 
rear guard on the road leading to Vienna, following the army after dark, through 
deep mud, and reaching a position near Chantilly at dawn, where we learned that 
Jackson had struck the flank of the retreating army the evening before, and 
that the gallant Phil. Kearney and Gen. Isaac I. Stevens were killed in resisting 
the attack. Here we halted for the day, seeing the army move off, exhausted 
and dispirited, and with them were sent such of our men as seemed unfit for 
duty, reducing the regiment to less than three hundred men. Still, with two- 
pieces of Battery A, First Rhode Island Artillery, we formed the rear guard on 
that road, and were carefully scanned during the afternoon by the enemy s 
videttes, who increased to large numbers before night, and for some time kept 
up a continuous fire upon us at long range. Near sunset our pickets were driven 
in, and as all the rest of the army had been gone a considerable time, our regi 
ment retired some distance to the cover of a wood, followed by a strong line of 
skirmishers. Suddenly a heavy body of cavalry formed line near us, and a full 
battery came into position near enough to sweep our line with grape and can 
ister. Col. Sully ordered our two pieces to retreat to Flint Hill, more than 
half a mile to the rear, and take position there in the road ; and, after holding 
back the enemy long enough for this to be accomplished, he ordered the regi 
ment to break ranks and run for the guns, and form on them as the centre. In 
the darkness which had come on, this was done with celerity and in silence. 



THE MARYLAND CAMPAIGN. 25 

The two guns stood in the middle of the road near the top of the hill, and the 
wings of the regiment were, on either side, thrown forward, forming the letter Y, 
so as to partly envelop the approaching foe. Silently we waited, but not long, 
for the rebel cavalry and artillery, finding the road clear, hurried on in pursuit, 
not discovering us until the advance was nearly at the muzzles of our two guns. 
Sully s challenge, "Who comes there?" and the surprised response, "Who the 
devil are you? 7 and a pistol shot from the rebel leader directed at Sully, brought 
a volley of canister from the two pieces and musketry from the First Minnesota, 
which must have done fearful execution, judging from the cries, groans, curses 
and commands, as those who were able dashed madly to the rear, hastened by a 
second volley from the guns and the regiment, and during that night they 
troubled us no more. We had five men seriously wounded, among them Lieut. 
Charles Zierenberg, a brave and competent officer, who died in a day or two. 
Without looking after the condition of the enemy s wounded the regiment re 
sumed its march, being a long distance in rear of any other troops. Approach 
ing Vienna we met the Nineteenth Massachusetts, which had heard the firing 
and was hastening back to our assistance. Having passed that village we heard 
from the front a rush of cavalry and rapid firing, as a squadron of horse dashed 
through the Nineteenth Massachusetts, which sprang to the sides of the road, 
giving and receiving shots. Our regiment did the same thing, suffering also 
from shots sent by the Massachusetts men after the cavalry. Here we had 
two men killed and seven more wounded. The affair was caused by a body of 
New York cavalry mistaking us in the night for Confederates and charging past 
us. Col. Sully with difficulty got transportation for all our wounded, and we 
pursued our way to the bivouac of the army near Chain Bridge. The campaign 
planned and managed by Stanton and Halleck had ended in disgraceful and utter 
defeat. The man whom they had put in command, or, as Gen. Walker, in his 
"Second Corps," says: 

The braggart who had begun his campaign with insolent reflections, in general orders, upon 
the Army of the Potomac and its commander, and with silly bluster about his policy being attack 
and not defense; about discarding "such ideas" as lines of retreat and bases of supply; about 
looking before and not behind ; about studying the possible lines of retreat of his enemy, and leav 
ing his own to take care of themselves, had been kicked, cuffed, hustled and knocked down and 
tiodden upon as rarely happens in the history of war. His communications had been cut ; his 
headquarters pillaged ; a corps had marched into his rear, and had encamped at its ease upon the 
railroad by which he received his supplies ; he had been beaten or foiled in every attempt to bag 
those defiant intruders ; and in the end he was glad to find a refuge in the intrenchments of Wash 
ington, whence he had sallied forth six weeks before breathing out threatenmgs and slaughter. 

THE MARYLAND CAMPAIGN. 

On September 2d the panic in Washington was so great that, notwithstanding 
the enmity of Stauton and Halleck toward McClellan, the latter was placed in 
command of the fortifications of Washington, and of all the troops for the de 
fense of the capital. He at once rode to the front, where his presence brought 
enthusiasm and restored confidence. On September 3d McClellan moved the 
Second Corps and other troops to Tenallytown, on the Maryland side, in antici 
pation of Lee s crossing above. On conferring with Halleck respecting active 
operations, he was told by the latter that his command only covered the imme 
diate defenses of Washington, and that the commander for an active army had 
not yet been decided on. After Lee s movement became apparent McClellan 
urged upon Halleck the evacuation of Harper s Ferry, and the union of its gar 
rison of 12,000 men with his army. The advice was treated with contempt, and 
this force, which was not subject to McClellan s orders, was left to be hemmed in 
and forced to capitulate in a few days. Without orders, with his authority to 
command away from Washington denied, and, therefore, "with a halter about 
his neck " in case of disaster, McClellan moved his army to Frederick City to op 
pose Lee. Beaching this place September 13th, he received the following tele 
gram from Halleck : "Until you know more of the enemy s force south of the 
Potomac you are wrong in thus uncovering the capital. I am of the opinion 
that the enemy will send a small column toward Pennsylvania to draw your 



26 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

forces in that direction, then suddenly move on Washington with the forces 
south of the Potomac and those he may cross over. 77 And on the 14th, the 
day of the battle at South Mountain, Halleck again telegraphed : Scouts report 
a large force still on the Virginia side of the Potomac. If so, I fear you are ex 
posing your left and rear. 77 Even on the 16th, when we had the rebel force in 
our front on the Antietam, the same chronic fear for the safety of Washington 
was telegraphed by Halleck. Yet, after Antietam, no one was more ready than 
Halleck to blame McClellan for the tardiness of his movements, the rapidity of 
which, before that battle, had so much alarmed him. Better informed than Hal 
leck, and disregarding the fright of the latter, McClellan moved from Frederick 
to South Mountain on the night of the 13th and morning of the 14th of Septem 
ber. The battle at the latter place occurred in the afternoon of that day, and 
the First Minnesota, being well to the rear, after a march of seventeen miles, 
reached the battlefield after sunset, and was at once pushed to the front up the 
mountain side. But, except desultory firing in the increasing darkness, the bat 
tle had ceased ; and, after holding the line through the night, we found, in the 
morning, that the enemy had gone, and we crossed the mountain, passing through 
Boonsborough, and bivouacking near Shepardstown. In the early morning of 
the 16th we marched through Keedysville, and halted on high ground overlook 
ing the Antietam. There was considerable skirmishing and artillery firing dur 
ing the day, ascertaining the enemy 7 s position, while our army was coming up 
and being placed in readiness. Here our brave Lieut. Col. Stephen Miller left 
us, on receipt of his commission as colonel of the Seventh Minnesota Eegiment. 
Without military training previous to the organization of our regiment, his 
bravery was conspicuous on every battlefield, and endeared him to the men, who 
parted with him with sincere regret. As modest as brave, he had, on the pro 
motions of Gorman and Dana, recommended the appointment of trained officers 
to the colonelcy, to which he would otherwise have been promoted. His subse 
quent honorable career as colonel of the Seventh Minnesota and as governor of 
Minnesota need not be referred to at length. He always showed the warmest re 
gard for every man of the Old First. He became brigadier general Oct. 26, 
1863, was elected governor in November, 1863, and died Aug. 19, 1881, aged 
sixty-five years. 

ANTIETAM. 

On the morning of Sept. 17, 1862, we were aroused at 2 A. M., and got coffee 
and a full supply of ammunition. At 7 A. M. our corps moved about two miles 
in a northeasterly direction, crossing the creek, where Sedgwick 7 s Division 
formed in three lines by brigade, Gorman 7 s Brigade being the front line, and the 
First Minnesota the right of that line, and of the army. In this order we*advanced 
about three-fourths of a mile, crossing, under a heavy artillery fire, a battlefield 
where dead and wounded of both sides lay in great numbers. Beaching a wood 
occupied by the Confederates, we drove them rapidly through it, and into a corn 
field beyond, where, apparently strongly reinforced, they advanced in turn, and 
the musketry fire here was very heavy and long sustained, our men firing about 
fifty rounds, and the enemy 7 s artillery using grape and canister. Although our 
loss here was heavy, it is a curious fact that the brigade which formed the 
second line, seventy-five paces in our rear, and did not fire a shot, sustained 
a heavier loss than our brigade in the front line. By some error, the left of 
our brigade failed to connect with the right of Richardson s Division, leaving 
a considerable space unoccupied, through which, after awhile, a strong force of 
Confederates poured, turning the left flank of the Thirty-fourth New York, 
and forcing it to retire. This uncovered in turn the Eighty-second New York 
and Fifteenth Massachusetts, and as they retired the First Minnesota was left 
without support on either flank. Still, it held its place until peremptory orders 
to retire came. The movement was executed in good order, the regiment paus 
ing frequently, and turning to deliver its volleys upon the enemy, who followed 
cautiously. It halted behind a stone wall, after going back thirty or forty rods, 
and held the ground until the corps was relieved by that of Franklin. It was 



ANTIETAM. 27 

much the most sanguinary contest in the battle, as is shown by the great losses of 
the Second Corps. Gen. Richardson, commanding the First Division, was killed, 
and Gen. Sedgwick, commanding our division, was severely wounded. The loss of 
the regiment was one hundred and forty-seven. Among the killed was Capt. Gus- 
tavus A. Holzborn of Company K, a gallant and meritorious officer. The regi 
ment received high praise for its steadiness and good conduct in this hard-fought 
battle. We remained on the battlefield, engaged in burying the dead, and in picket 
duty and reconnaissances, for four days after the battle, being visited and favored 
with an address by Bishop H. B. Whipple of our state, on September 21st. At 
daylight, September 22d, we marched for Harper s Ferry, fording the Potomac 
at that place, and encamping on Bolivar Heights. Without opportunity for 
washing since leaving Harrison s Landing, a general bath in the Shenandoah 
and the boiling and washing of our ragged clothing was a grateful task. The 
men were in need of clothing, and in great need of shoes, and ic seemed to be 
quite impossible to get anything of the kind from Washington. Here quite a 
number of men of our regiment, as well as of other infantry regiments, enlisted, 
for the balance of their term of service, in the regular cavalry, under an order 
permitting such change of service, and many of the sick, wounded and prisoners 
from the Peninsular campaign returned to us. On the 26th of September, 
1862, Col. Alfred Sully was promoted brigadier general, and assigned to the 
command of our brigade soon after, in the place of Gen. Gorman, who was trans 
ferred to an important command in the West. Lieut. Col. George N. Morgan 
was promoted colonel, Maj. William Colvill, lieutenant colonel, and Captain 
Charles P. Adams, major. Greatly attached as the men were to Gen. Sully, and 
glad that, with his well-deserved promotion they were still to remain under his 
care and command, they parted with Gen. Gorman with most sincere regret. 
Gorman was a man of marked characteristics, and of an eventful and distin 
guished career. Born in Kentucky, of Irish ancestry, he had just begun the 
practice of law at Bloomington, Ind., when, at the outbreak of the Mexican War, 
he enlisted in the Third Indiana Regiment, and was commissioned its major. 
Serving with credit in Gen. Taylor s campaign, he was the next year unani 
mously chosen colonel of the Fourth Indiana Regiment, and served with distinc 
tion under Scott, in his campaign ending with the capture of the City of Mex 
ico. Returning to Indiana, he was twice elected to Congress, and in 1853 was 
appointed governor of the Territory of Minnesota by President Pierce, holding 
that office four years, and ever after residing at St. Paul. He was a member of 
the Constitutional Convention in 1857, and in public office, as well as in the prac 
tice of his profession, he acquired a reputation for sterling, unbending integrity, 
and of being one of the most effective orators in the country. His voice was a 
marvel of flexibility and power. A pronounced Union man. at the outbreak of 
the Civil War he tendered his services, and was commissioned colonel of the 
First Minnesota Regiment, and was indefatigable in drilling and preparing it for 
service. Brave in action, and, at times, rough in manner and eloquent in vitu 
peration, his nature was kind as a woman s, and he could not use severity. He 
always manifested the utmost pride in, and love for, his regiment, and solicitude 
for its honor and reputation, and by his bearing, his precepts, and his generous 
commendations of the conduct of the regiment, built up and fostered that regi 
mental pride that esprit du corps which made cowardice or misconduct im 
possible. Perhaps the regiment never would have become all that it was but for 
the influence of Gorman, which remained after he left it, and to the end, and 
was seen in its charge at Gettysburg, as in its unyielding attitude in earlier bat 
tles. The mutual regard existing between him and the regiment continued after 
the war, and he was always present, and honored, at its annual reunions until 
his death. 

On October 16th we formed part of a body of troops, under command of Gen. 
Hancock, in a reconnaissance to Charlestown, where we found a heavy force of 
cavalry and artillery, which made a resolute resistance, and shelled us furiously 
as we advanced toward the town, but retired, before our infantry, about four 
miles beyond that place. Night and heavy rain coming on, we started to 



28 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

return in intense darkness, in which our guides lost their way, and the most of 
the night was spent in comfortless wandering, not reaching Charlestown until 
near day. That day we returned to Bolivar. About this time we were joined 
by the Nineteenth Maine, a splendid, new regiment, which continued in our 
brigade during the remainder of our service, and behaved like steady veterans 
from the beginning. 

LOUDON Y ALLEY M CLELLAN REMOVED. 

On October 30th the army crossed the Shenandoah, and moved up London 
Valley at the base of the Blue Eidge. The first day was extremely hot, and the 
Nineteenth Maine, unused to marching with the heavy loads carried by soldiers, 
and having knapsacks stuffed with everything, provided by the thoughtful care 
of friends and relatives on leaving home, found their burdens too heavy, and, 
in general, lightened by throwing away their new overcoats, strapped on top, 
and most readily removed. As our regiment marched next behind, with light 
knapsacks, and were well seasoned to fatigue, the men picked up the overcoats, 
and before night were fully supplied, ready for the cold weather, which set in 
within a week afterward. In passing through this valley our advance skir 
mished nearly every day with the Confederate cavalry, which retired, sometimes 
passing through the gaps in the Blue Eidge, into the Shenandoah Valley. Our 
regiment engaged in these skirmishes near Snicker s and Ashby s gaps, and 
elsewhere. This was a beautiful and fertile country, divided into thrifty farms, 
and producing much fruit. It was dotted with pleasant villages, and had never 
been overrun by a hostile force, and fence rails were plenty for bivouac fires. 
The people were all disloyal ; not averse to selling their produce at good prices, 
but preferred Confederate money, and therefore got a good supply of counter 
feit Confederate notes, with which an enterprising Philadelphia concern had just 
supplied our army. The stringent orders against foraging were not always 
effectual in the presence of the great numbers of fat sheep, pigs and young cat 
tle, where there was opportunity to run them down in hidden nooks, the neces 
sary secrecy preventing any shooting of them. One of our men, an incorrigible 
forager, at the close of a day s march, with the assistance of two or three com 
rades, captured a fat sheep in the edge of a wood, and, while dressing it, a few 
men from a Maine regiment came up, and stood looking on and conversing. 
Glancing through the brush from his kneeling position he discovered a squad of 
the provost guard almost upon them, and speaking to his comrades, he said, 
quietly: "Boys, that other sheep we got is enough for us ; let us give this one 
to these Maine boys." His comrades knew nothing of any other sheep, but, 
satisfied that he had some sufficient reason for his sudden generosity, assented, 
and followed him quickly into the wood, as the Maine men, just beginning to cut 
up the carcass, were pounced upon by the guard and marched off. Later in the 
day, passing division headquarters, he saw these men tied up to cross-bars, and 
quietly asked how they relished the mutton. On November 7th the order re 
moving Gen. McClellan was received at Eectortown, and some rumors of that 
event reached the men on the following day. On November 9th we halted near 
Warren ton, and the rumor was confirmed. Officers and men were stunned and 
exasperated almost to the point of mutiny, but this feeling was repressed by the 
bearing and counsels of McClellan himself. Burnside was personally liked and 
respected, and the more that it was known that he was a warm friend of 
McClellan. But his ability for leadership was doubted, and the army felt hope 
less, under the conviction that, whoever was nominally put in command, Stanton 
and Halleck would direct all movements, and they were as cordially detested 
and distrusted as McClellan was beloved and confided in. Deepest sorrow and 
despondency prevailed on November 10th, when the army was drawn up to take 
leave of McClellan. Strong men shed tears. A majority of the line officers of 
the First Minnesota sent in their resignations, but, on the representation of Gen. 
Sully that such an act, in the face of the enemy, might subject them to disgrace 
ful imputation, the resignations were recalled. The estimate of an army of the 
character and capacity of its commander, who has led it in many battles, is always- 



FREDERICKSBURG. 29 

accurate ; and the confidence of this army, from its oldest corps commander to 
the men in the ranks, in McClellan was unbounded. Besides, the army then felt 
that he was sacrificed, and itself imperiled, to gratify malice and spite. The 
pretext for his removal was his alleged tardiness of movement and hesitation 
about attacking the enemy. During the ten days following his removal the sum 
of our advance was about thirty miles to Falmouth, opposite Fredericksburg, 
on the Eappahaunock. By the time we had slowly concentrated at that point, 
Lee had so fortified Mary6 s Heights, and the rest of the range of hills behind 
Fredericksburg, as to defy attack. But a battle must be risked to justify 
McClellau s removal, and Burnside was directed accordingly. 

FREDERICKSBURG. 

I shall not attempt the sickening detail of the fearful and criminal slaughter 
of the best and bravest troops who ever carried arms, as they gallantly, though 
hopelessly, charged again and again upon the impregnable works of Lee along 
Mary 6 s Heights. Fortunately, and mainly through the care of Gen. Sully, the 
First Minnesota was not sacrificed. Gen. Sumner, then commanding the right 
grand division, consisting of the Second Corps, Gen. Darius N. Couch, and the 
Ninth Corps, Gen. Wilcox, had given notice to remove non-combatants from 
Fredericksburg, and early in the morning of December llth we left camp and 
marched to the left and toward the river, and the division was massed in shelter 
of a hill. As the enemy used houses in the city as cover for sharpshooters, who 
fired on the men laying our pontoons, Sumner riddled the houses with his artil 
lery, and, under cover of its fire, crossed a small force in boats, who drove the 
enemy from the houses near the point of crossing, and the bridge was at once 
laid. The First Minnesota and other troops crossed rapidly near dark, and 
formed along the river bank. The Confederates still held most of the town, and 
there was desultory firing till midnight ; but some of our boys made their way 
to the houses and stores, and returned laden with provisions, wines, liquors, to 
bacco, and a violin, and soon quadrilles and contra dances were under way, the 
melody of the fiddle being often varied by the hissing of passing bullets. The 
next morning, early, we moved into one of the principal streets ; and because the 
houses had been used as cover by the enemy, the men ransacked, without much 
hindrance, the houses and stores, from which the owners had fled. Provisions 
were found in abundance, and boxes of tobacco were thrown out on the side 
walks that all might help themselves. Gen. Sully took possession of a hand 
some residence that chanced to be near the place occupied by the regiment, and, 
when it was invaded by a squad of the boys, told them to help themselves freely 
to everything they could find, as the place belonged to his brother-in-law, "a 
blamed rebel." The house had many portraits, by the general s father, Thomas 
Sully, the eminent painter, among them one of the general himself when a child 
of three or four years. Well did Sully know that his bluff invitation to plunder, 
coupled with the statement that the premises belonged to a relative of his, 
would secure the place from intrusion. The boys took nothing, and kept off all 
other marauders. The men were not allowed to quarter in the houses, but fences 
and outhouses were broken up for little fires in the street to boil coffee, and the 
men sat around the fires on sofas and stuffed chairs. Soon after dark we were 
moved to the front, and spent a cold, comfortless night on picket. In the morn 
ing, December 13th, our division (Howard s) was moved to the right of the 
town, Sally s Brigade being the right of the army. During nearly the whole 
forenoon a heavy artillery fire was directed upon us, but with few casualties. 
At noon the slaughter began, and we witnessed the sacrifice of French s and 
Hancock s divisions of our corps, as one, following the other, was led across the 
canal, swept by hundreds of cannon, and gallantly rushed against the stone wall 
at the foot of Mary 6 s Heights, which sheltered as heavy a force of Confederate 
infantry as could operate behind it, while the face of the hill in the rear was ter 
raced with lines of breastworks, manned by Longstreet s Veteran Corps, being 
able to fire from each line of works over the heads of the lines in front. It was 
murder to attempt such an assault, and wholly against the judgment oi Gen. 



30 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

Couch, the able commander of the Second Corps. But the orders were impera 
tive, and were obeyed ; and, as Hancock followed French into the vortex of 
death, Couch moved Howard to the left to support the attack. The Second and 
Third brigades of our division came into this action, and suffered severely, but 
Sully, as judicious as brave, realizing the utter folly of also sacrificing his bri 
gade, the very last in the corps, when there was no chance or possibility of 
achieving anything but its destruction, detained it in a place of comparative 
safety, and his action, which saved the First Minnesota, was approved, or at 
least passed without question. After dark we were withdrawn to the edge of 
the town, and at daylight were moved back to Princess Ann street, where we 
remained quietly through the day. There was skirmishing at the front, and 
constant firing of sharpshooters there from rifle-pits. While the Confederates 
evidently spared- the buildings in the town, they sent shells down the streets 
leading toward Marye s Heights whenever any considerable number of soldiers 
appeared in them. This brought to my notice an instance of female pluck and 
nerve worthy of mention. A rather young, and evidently modest, respectable 
and well-dressed lady (the only woman that I remember seeing in the place) was 
walking along the sidewalk of one of these streets toward the river, when a body 
of our soldiers crossed it at a street crossing a few rods in front of her. In 
stantly a half dozen shells came ricochetting and bursting down the street past 
her, and the soldiers sought cover, but the woman kept her pace with perfect 
calmness, apparently giving the matter no heed whatever. Soon after dark our 
regiment, with four others, all under command of our colonel, George K". Mor 
gan, were sent to the front to relieve a part of Gen. Sykes Division. The posi 
tion taken was in advance of the troops relieved, and in the midst of the most 
exposed and hardest-fought part of the battlefield, and within a few rods of the 
enemy s rifle-pits. In the intense darkness we could hear the sounds of shovels 
and picks just in front of us; and, as our guide had left without giving accurate 
information of the surroundings, Lieut. C. B. Heffelfinger, taking with him 
Corp. Irvine of his company, volunteered to crawl forward and reconnoiter. 
After a brief time the lieutenant came back with information that the labor was 
on the enemy s rifle pits at a little distance. The corporal had been discovered 
by a sentinel and captured. Col. Morgan at once sent back for picks and shovels, 
and by working most of the night we made a serviceable trench and breastwork 
along the line, which else would have been untenable after daylight; for, besides 
the rifle-pits, a stone s throw away, and the intrenched lines behind them, there 
were several buildings near by occupied by the enemy s sharpshooters. The 
First Minnesota was on the right of our brigade, and joined by another brigade, 
extending further to the right, also intrenched to some extent. In the afternoon 
the enemy placed a battery on a height near the river above the town, where it 
got an enfilading fire along our line, and endeavored to sweep our trenches, 
sending solid shot and shell with great rapidity bounding along the line. The 
One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania, a new regiment, on the right 
of the First Minnesota, at once broke, and ran from this frightful danger, except 
its left company, which joined our regiment. And the contagion carried after 
it two veteran regiments on its right. This uncovered the right of the First 
Minnesota, exposing it to other obvious danger besides the enfilading fire, which 
continued with apparently increasing fury. The regiment, however, stood firm, 
and by its conduct held the balance of the line in its place. Gen. Howard, with 
his brigade commanders, occupied a house in the rear, overlooking the line, and 
saw with alarm the retreat of the three regiments, one after another. Seeing 
our regiment stand fast, Howard exclaimed: "Sully, your First Minnesota 
doesn t run!" Sully, who had felt no less alarm for the credit of his favorite 
regiment than about the danger of the situation, now reassured, answered calmly, 
General, the First Minnesota never runs." Gen. Howard was extremely grati 
fied at the conduct of the regiment on this occasion, and complimented it in gen 
eral orders, and in a brief address to the regiment a few days later. The line 
was held until night, when we were withdrawn, crossed the river, and returned 
to our camp back of Falmouth, taking up again the routine of drill and picket 



CHANCELLORSVILLE. 31 

duty. Our loss at Fredericksburg was only two officers and thirteen men 
wounded. On December 2d, upon an examination of sergeants for promotion to 
three vacancies in the office of second lieutenant, which had existed since Sep 
tember, William Lochren of Company E, Myron Shepard of Company B, and 
Charles H. Mason of Company D were recommended by the board of officers, 
and requests for their commissions were sent by Col. Morgan to Gov. Eamsey, 
and those sergeants were at once put on duty as second lieutenants. On Decem 
ber 24th commissions came for Lochren and Mason, but instead of one for Shep 
ard came a long letter from the state adjutant general, urging that a former first 
lieutenant of the regiment who, after obtaining a leave of absence to visit the 
state in the fall of 1861, had procured details for various duties about Fort Snell- 
ing, and remained there in spite of orders to return to the regiment, until 
forced to resign because of his continued absence should be given this commis 
sion instead of Shepard, a most competent and deserving soldier, who had served 
in the field with credit the entire time. The regiment felt indignant at this 
action, and it drew forth a letter of warm remonstrance from Col. Morgan, which 
brought Shepard 7 s commission without further delay. The position of our camp, 
in plain sight of the enemy, prevented our division from being moved during 
the distressing "mud march" of Burnside in the latter part of January. At 
this time our old corps commander, Gen. Sumner, whose personal bravery, con 
spicuously shown on every field, had endeared him to the men, retired because 
of ill health, exhorting his old command, in his farewell order, to preserve its 
reputation, reminding it of the large amount of artillery and numerous stand 
ards it had captured, whilst the corps had never lost a color nor a gun. About the 
same time, Gen. Hooker succeeded Gen. Burnside in the command of the Army 
of the Potomac. One of his earliest acts was to order the adoption of corps 
badges, worn on the hat or cap of the soldiers and officers, and so borne upon 
flags, as easily to identify corps, divisions and brigades on the march or battle 
field. They were useful in many ways, and tended to strengthen the esprit du 
corps of the organizations. The device designated the army corps, and the color 
the division ; red for the First Division, white for the Second, and blue for the 
Third. The trefoil, or clover leaf, was the badge of the Second Corps, and the 
First Minnesota, as part of the Second Division of that corps, wore the white 
trefoil. On April 2d Gov. Eamsey arrived in camp, where he was always a 
most welcome visitor. He brought a new flag for the regiment, presented by 
the ladies of the state, and having inscribed upon it the battles in which the 
regiment had then participated. On April 8th President Lincoln went through 
the camps. 

CHANCELLORSVILLE. 

On April 27th began the movement which culminated in the battle of Chan- 
cellorsville, and most of the army was moved to the right, to cross the river at 
points above. The camp of our division remaining in full view of the enemy, 
the division was held in place, and afterward joined Gen. Sedgwick s Sixth 
Corps in crossing at Fredericksburg. The troops sent to the right crossed the 
Eappahannock at Kelly s Ford, on the night of April 28th, and then, crossing 
the Eapidan, moved to Chancellorsville, uncovering other fords. It is not 
within the scope of this work to trace the marvelous blunders by which this 
well-planned movement of Hooker s, after reaching a point which should have 
made success certain, was turned into a disgraceful defeat. After Hooker had 
crossed above, Sedgwick s Corps crossed below the city, and on May 3d, our 
division, now commanded by Brig. Gen. John Gibbon, crossed the river at Fred 
ericksburg, and the united forces carried Marye s Heights after several assaults. 
Gibbon, after advancing some distance with Sedgwick, was sent back to the city, 
to prevent any raid in the rear, and Sedgwick advanced to the support of 
Hooker. But the surprise and defeat of Howard s Eleventh Corps by Jackson, 
and the demoralization of Hooker, enabled Lee, on the following day, to send a 
large force around Sedgwick, and reoccupy the fortifications, and force Sedgwick, 
at length, to cross the river at Banks Ford, abeve the city, and on the night of 



32 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

May 4th Gibbon s Division also crossed to the north side of the river. On May 
6th the army had all recrossed, the pontoons were taken up, and the movement 
was at an end. The First Minnesota had again escaped severe fighting, as in the 
capture of Marye s Heights our division was sent well to the right, drawing the 
Confederate troops away from Sedgwiek s front, where the principal assault was 
made, except that Lieut. Hezekiah Bruce of Company F, with a picket detail of 
twenty five men of the First Minnesota, who were in front ofSedgwick, took 
place in the front line of his assaulting column, and were among the first to enter 
the enemy s works. The whole loss in the regiment was but nine men wounded. 
On May 5th increasing ill health compelled Col. George N. Morgan to resign. 
Quiet and unassuming in his manner, he was an officer of unusual intelligence 
and capacity, always avoiding everything savoring of pretense and display, but 
most heedful for the care and comfort of his men. Personally brave and consci 
entious in the discharge of every duty, he had little patience with any who 
attempted to evade duties or dangers, but would never suffer injustice toward 
any deserving soldier. He afterward became colonel of the Second Eegiment 
Veteran Eeserve Corps, brevet brigadier general, commandant at Fort Snelling, 
and was finally mustered out of the service June 30, 1866, and died of con 
sumption (contracted in the service) July 24; 1866. Knowing him intimately, 
through close personal relations that grew up between us in the service, the 
writer would gladly devote more space to the delineation of the amiable chivalric 
traits in the character of Col. Morgan than the limits of this narrative will allow. 
On his resignation, Lieut. Col. Colvill was promoted colonel, Maj. Charles P. 
Adams, lieutenant colonel, and Capt. Mark W. Downie, major. On May 10th Gen. 
Sully left us for a command in Minnesota and Dakota, against the Indians. 
Brave and most capable in action, yet always careful to guard against any fool 
ish or needless sacrifice of his men ; blunt, yet kind, in manner ; humorous and 
playful as a boy ; always manifesting implicit confidence in the honor and good 
conduct of his men. and relying on that as the only restraint, while never relax 
ing any necessary discipline, he was perhaps more generally beloved by all than 
any other of our regimental commanders. The regiment parted with him. with 
most sincere regret, having but a short time before manifested their regard by 
presenting him with a magnificent dress sword costing $1,000. His subsequent 
career will be in part noted in the narrative of the Indian War in this volume. 
He became brevet major general of volunteers and brevet brigadier general 
in the regular army, colonel of the Tenth Eegular Infantry, and died at Fort 
Vancouver April 27, 1879. For the month following the battle of Chancellors- 
ville perfect quiet existed between the two armies. Drills, reviews and picket 
duty occupied the time. Our division had encamped just below the Lacy House, 
near the river, and right under the hundreds of guns which bristled along 
Mary6 s Heights, less than a mile away, and Confederate infantry were in camp 
across the river, in plain sight, and within musket shot of us, and under the guns 
on the heights behind us. The pickets on each side of the narrow, fordable 
river, stood and were relieved in plain view and within a stone s throw of each 
other, and by tiny boats, whittled from the red cedar or juniper, fitted with 
paper sails and rudders tied to suit the current, carried on a daily interchange of 
newspapers, coffee, tobacco and other articles. Talking between them would 
have been easy, but was expressly forbidden for fear of too great familiarity, but 
would nevertheless occasionally break out in good-natured badinage. The men 
on both sides were now seasoned soldiers ; hardy, steady veterans, who would 
fight each other to the death in the line of duty in battle, but would not be guilty 
of assassination, and regarded each other with feelings of respect, unmixed with 
any rancor or ill will. 

GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN. 

On June 6th the quiet was broken by Hooker, who threw a part of Sedg 
wick s Sixth Corps across the Eappahannock, at Franklin s old crossing, about 
two miles below our position, laying pontoons and moving a considerable body of 
troops to that place, in readiness to cross in force. Although this brought on a 



GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN. 33 

heavy artillery fire, and some collision of infantry at the point of crossing, it 
caused no breach of the peace at our position. Hooker remained inactive for 
several days, and on June 10th, Gen. Couch, our corps commander, was trans 
ferred to the new department of the Susquehanna, and Maj. Gen. Hancock was 
promoted from command of our First Division to that of the corps. Although 
Couch was highly esteemed, Hancock was extremely popular. In personal 
appearance he was matchless, and in splendid horsemanship, dash and bravery, 
quick apprehension of advantages and emergencies in battle, and in every trait 
that marks a capable and great commander, the judgment of the army indorsed 
the epithet of McClellau, and the Second Corps gladly greeted its "superb" com 
mander, and felt secure that, under his leadership, its glories would increase. 
Brig. Gen. William Harrow also succeeded to the command of Sully s Brigade. 
The gallant Thirty -fourth New York Eegiment, which had served with us from 
Camp Stone, and, by its steady bravery on every battlefield at our side, had won 
our highest regard, left us on June 9th, its term of enlistment (two years) having 
expired. The First Minnesota accompanied it to the station, and parted with it 
with rousing cheers but sincere regret. On June 13th it became evident that 
Lee, disregarding Hookers menace, was pushing large bodies of troops beyond 
our right, in the direction of the upper Potomac, or Shenandoah Valley. 
Hooker s natural wish to take advantage of Lee s extended line, and strike his 
flank and rear, was overruled by the ever-baleful interference ofStanton and Hal- 
leek, in their morbid dread for the safety of Washington, and he was required to 
move his army to the vicinity of that place. On that night Sedgwick was with 
drawn to the north side of the Eappahannock, and the next day a large part of 
the army moved northward. The First Minnesota packed everything, in readi 
ness to march, and remained behind as rear guard. On the evening of June 
14th we marched about five miles northward, when we were faced about, marched 
hack to the river, and placed on picket. Just about daylight on June 15th we 
were called in, and set out again on the same road, halting, at 9 A. M., at Staf 
ford Court House. At 2 p. M., under a broiling sun, we started again, and 
halted after passing Acquia creek a couple of miles. A large number of men 
succumbed on the march to the extreme heat. At 3 A. M. of the 16th the march 
was resumed, and Dumfries reached at 7 A. M., where a halt was made for break 
fast. Going on, we crossed the Occoquan at 6 p. M., and bivouacked on its bank. 
Leaving there the next morning, we reached Sangster s Station, on the Orange & 
Alexandria railroad, soon after seven, several men being disabled by sunstroke. 
Here we were near Alexandria. On June 19th we marched southward to Cen- 
treville. On the next morning, some men of the Second Corps, including, per 
haps, a few from our regiment, got into an altercation with the sutler of the 
Ninth Massachusetts Battery, resulting in a rush upon his tent and general con 
fiscation of his effects. A couple of pieces of artillery, run out to quell the 
riot, were instantly captured, run down a hill and overturned. The men 
then rapidly dispersed to their regiments, and there was no time for inquiry into 
the affair, as the army was in readiness to move. On that day (June 20th) the 
regiment crossed the Bull Eun battlefield to Gainesville, and on the next day 
reached Thoroughfare Gap, where we remained until June 25th, guarding the 
pass and furnishing details to guard trains. In the forenoon of that day we left 
Thoroughfare Gap, our division being the rear guard, and impeded by large 
trains in front. On reaching Haymarket, a couple of miles on our way, we were 
severely shelled by a horse battery, which, with a lot of the enemy s cavalry, 
came through the gap after we left. There were several killed and wounded in 
the division, and Col. Colvill s horse was killed under him. A large number of 
non-combatants were with us, regarding the rear as the place of safety. The 
panic among them was ludicrous, and the men shouted with glee as the crowd of 
sutlers, surgeons, chaplains and negro servants broke and rushed, in terror and 
disorder, from the vicinity of the rapidly bursting shells. "De il tak the hind 
most ! " was evidently the guiding sentiment, as, with all speed, they went ahead, 
ridding themselves of all incumbrances. A strong skirmish line soon drove 
away the battery, and we passed on to Gum Springs, where we bivouacked. 



34 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

On June 26th we crossed the Potomac at Edwards Ferry, and halted near our 
old camp. Leaving this place late in the afternoon of the next day, we passed 
through Poolesville and Barnes ville, halting, near midnight, at the foot of Sugar 
Loaf Mountain, and sending one hundred and sixty men on picket. On Satur 
day, June 28th, we passed Urbana, and halted on the Monocacy, in view of 
Frederick City. This beautiful valley seemed filled with troops, artillery and 
wagon trains. Here the news that Hooker had resigned and that Meade was in 
command, caused a momentary depression, soon changed to elation by a rumor 
that McClellan was to be restored to command, a rumor that he was on his 
way to join us cheering us at Gettysburg a few days later. Early on June 29th 
we crossed the Monocacy, our division taking the advance of the corps. About 
three hours on the road, we came to a considerable creek, crossed by fording 
something more than knee-deep, and having a timber, hewn on top, crossing it, 
on rough stone supports on each side of the road, for pedestrians. To allow the 
men to cross on these timbers would impede the march, and Col. Charles H. 
Morgan, the efficient inspector general of the corps, remained here, directing 
each regimental commander to march his command right through the water. 
The direction was given to Colvill as we approached, and followed by his com 
mand, " Close order. March!" But a few of the men and line officers skurried 
across on the timbers, losing no time, and saving themselves from scalded feet in 
the long day s march before them. Morgan became angry, and having some 
further trouble with the Fifteenth Massachusetts Eegiment which followed next 
behind, and being groaned by that regiment when he passed our brigade at a 
halt shortly after, and believing that act of insubordination to come from our 
regiment, he caused Col. Colvill to be placed in arrest. This act produced a 
strong feeling of resentment in the men, who felt that their colonel was most 
unjustly dealt with. The day s march continued until 9 P. M., covering thirty - 
three miles, when we halted near the Pennsylvania line, soon after passing 
through Uniontown, Md. The day was extremely hot, the roads dusty, and at 
the halt the men were so exhausted that most of them dropped at once on 
their blankets, without attempt to make coffee or do more than nibble a little 
hardtack and raw pork. The writer had scarcely lain down by the side of 
Lieut. Heffelfinger, who, with Col. Colvill, messed with him, when he was called 
by the adjutant to go out with a picket detail, and vividly remembers his feeling 
that exhaustion had reached its limit. But there was no help, and gathering 
the grumbling detail, of which Capt. Thomas Sinclair took command, we went 
about three miles further and established the picket line, and spent the seem 
ingly very long night there. Early in the morning we were called in, but not 
so early but that I had enjoyed a substantial breakfast at a farmhouse near by, 
and procured such supply of fresh bread, butter, milk and other substantials as 
made a relishing breakfast for Colvill and Heffelfinger, when on our return we 
found them still asleep. While eating it they seemed to realize that worse 
things might happen than to have a messmate sent out on picket after such a 
fatiguing march. During that day (June 30th) the regiment remained quiet, 
and the companies made out their bimonthly muster rolls, on which so many 
were never to draw pay. In the forenoon of July 1st the heavy sound of distant 
artillery soon put us on the march toward it. We turned back to Uniontown, 
where we took a road to the right, and by four o clock, the roar of conflict 
increasing as we drew nearer, we began to meet the crowd of cowards and camp 
followers, fleeing in terror, with their frightened tales of utter defeat and rout. 
As most of the soldiers wore the crescent badge of the Eleventh Corps, which 
was held in little respect since Chancellorsville, they received but taunts and 
jeers from the sturdy veterans of the Second Corps. Hancock had left us about 
noon, hurrying on to the battlefield, where he had been directed to assume com 
mand, and where he selected the ground and made dispositions for the continu 
ance of the battle. We halted three or four miles south of Gettysburg, between 
eight and nine o clock, placing a strong picket and erecting slight barricade de 
fenses, as it was known that the Confederates, as well as federals, were as 
sembling from different directions. At a quarter before six on the morning of 



GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN. 35 

July 2d we arrived on the battlefield, and the Second Corps was placed in posi 
tion on the line to the left of the cemetery, being joined on its left by Sickles 7 
Third Corps, which extended that line to the vicinity of the Little Bound Top. 
For some reason the First Minnesota Regiment was not placed in this line, but 
apparently in reserve, a short distance to the rear. Early in the morning, just 
after we reached the battlefield, Col. Colvill was relieved from arrest, and 
assumed command of the regiment, and Company L (sharpshooters) was detailed 
to support Kirby s Battery near the cemetery, and did not rejoin us during the 
battle. While lying here one man was killed, and Sergt. O. M. Knight of Com 
pany I was severely wounded by shells from the enemy. Some time after noon 
Sickles advanced the Third Corps half a mile or more, to a slight ridge near the 
Emmitsburg road, his left extending to Devil s Den, in front of and near the 
base of Little Bound Top, and Company F (Capt. John Ball) was detached as skir 
mishers, and sent in that direction. Soon after, the remaining eight companies 
of the regiment, numbering two hundred and sixty-two men (Company C was also 
absent, being the provost guard of the division), were sent to the centre of the line 
just vacated by Sickles advance, to support Battery C of the Fourth United States 
Artillery. No other troops were then near us, and we stood by this battery, in full 
view of Sickles battle in the peach orchard half a mile to the front, and witnessed 
with eager anxiety the varying fortunes of that sanguinary conflict, until at length, 
with gravest apprehension, we saw Sickles men give way before the heavier 
forces of Longstreet and Hill, and come back, slowly, at first, and rallying at 
short intervals, but at length broken and in utter disorder, rushing down the 
slope, by the Trostle House, across the low ground, up the slope on our side, and 
past our position to the rear, followed by a strong force the large brigades of 
Wilcox and Barksdale in regular lines, moving steadily in the flush of victory, 
and firing on the fugitives. They had reached the low ground, and in a few 
minutes would be at our position, on the rear of the left flank of our line, which 
they could, roll up, as Jackson did the Eleventh Corps at Chancellorsville. There 
was no organized force near to oppose them, except our handful of two hundred and 
sixty- two men. Most soldiers, in the face of the near advance of such an overpow 
ering force, which had just defeated a considerable portion of an army corps, would 
have caught the panic and joined the retreating masses. But the First Minnesota 
had never yet deserted any post, had never retired without orders, and desperate 
as the situation seemed, and as it was, the regiment stood firm against whatever 
might come. Just then Hancock, with a single aid, rode up at full speed, and 
for a moment vainly endeavored to rally Sickles retreating forces. Beserves 
had been sent for, but were too far away to hope to reach the critical position 
until it would be occupied by the enemy, unless that enemy were stopped. 
Quickly leaving the fugitives, Hancock spurred to where we stood, calling out, 
as he reached us, What regiment is this T " First Minnesota, replied Colvill. 
u Charge those lines !" commanded Hancock. Every man realized in an instant 
what that order meant, death or wounds to us all; the sacrifice of the regiment 
to gain a few minutes time and save the position, and probably the battlefield, 
and every man saw and accepted the necessity for the sacrifice, and, responding 
to Colvill s rapid orders, the regiment, in perfect line, with arms at "right 
shoulder shift," was in a moment sweeping down the slope directly upon J>he 
enemy s centre. No hesitation, no stopping to fire, though the men fell fast at 
every stride before the concentrated fire of the whole Confederate force, directed 
upon us as soon as the movement was observed. Silently, without orders, and, 
almost from the start, double-quick had changed to utmost speed; for in utmost 
speed lay the only hope that any of us would pass through that storm of lead 
and strike the enemy. " Charge !" shouted Colvill, as we neared their first line; 
and with leveled bayonets, at full speed, we rushed upon it; fortunately, as it was 
slightly disordered in crossing a dry brook at the foot of a slope. The men 
were never made who will stand against leveled bayonets coming with such 
momentum and evident desperation. The first line broke in our front as we 
reached it, and rushed back through the second line, stopping the whole advance. 
We then poured in our first fire, and availing ourselves of such shelter as the low 



36 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

banks of the dry brook afforded, held the entire force at bay for a considerable 
time, and until our reserves appeared on the ridge we had left. Had the enemy 
rallied quickly to a counter charge, its great numbers would have crushed us in 
a moment, and we would have made but a slight pause in its advance. But the 
ferocity of our onset seemed to paralyze them for the time, and although they 
poured upon us a terrible and continuous fire from the front and enveloping 
flanks, they kept at respectful distance from our bayonets, until, before the 
added fire of our fresh reserves, they began to retire, and we were ordered back. 
What Hancock had given us to do was done thoroughly. The regiment had 
stopped the enemy, and held back its mighty force and saved the position. But 
at what sacrifice ! Nearly every officer was dead or lay weltering with bloody 
wounds, our gallant colonel and every field officer among them. Of the two 
hundred and sixty-two men who made the charge, two hundred and fifteen lay 
upon the field, stricken down by rebel bullets, forty-seven were still in line, and 
not a man was missing. The annals of war contain no parallel to this charge. 
In its desperate valor, complete execution, successful result, and in its sacrifice 
of men in proportion to the number engaged, authentic history has no record 
with which it can be compared. Col. Fox, in his very carefully prepared work 
on "Regimental Losses in the American Civil War," says, at page 68, speaking 
of the Second Corps in this battle: 

The fighting was deadly in the extreme, the percentage of loss in the First Minnesota, Gib 
bon s Division, being without an equal in the records of modern warfare. 

In another place (page 26) he notes that Gen. Hancock, in speaking of this 
charge, is reported to have said: 

There is no more gallant deed recorded in history. I ordered these men in there because I 
saw I must gain five minutes time. Reinforcements were coming on the run, but I knew that 
before they could reach the threatened point the Confederates, unless checked, would seize the 
position. I would have ordered that regiment in if I had known that every man would be 
killed. It had to be done, and I was glad to find such a gallant body of men at hand willing to 
make the terrible sacrifice that the occasion demanded. 

The wounded were gathered in the darkness by their surviving comrades and 
sent to field hospitals, and the fragment of the regiment lay down for the night 
near the place from which it had been moved to support the battery. One in 
cident connected with Company F, which had been detached before the charge, 
may be mentioned. Its position brought it on the flank of Sickles retreating 
forces and of the pursuing enemy, and, rallying upon a fence, it poured its fire 
into the enemy just before the charge of the regiment. From Confederate ac 
counts it would appear that the Confederate general, Barksdale, was killed by 
this fire ; though by some it has been claimed that he was killed by Private 
William W. Brown of Company G while we were holding the Confederate force 
in check at the close of the charge. In the morning of July 3d we were joined 
by Company F, and by all men of the regiment who were detailed about brigade, 
division or corps headquarters, and Capt. Nathan S. Messick was in command. 
The morning opened bright and beautiful, with firing near the Little Round 
Top, and with a sharp fight on the right near Gulp s Hill, where the enemy was 
forced back from positions gained the evening before. Soon after sunrise we 
were moved to our place in our brigade in the front line, passing Stannard s new 
brigade of Vermont troops as it was taking position to the left of our division 
under a sharp artillery fire from the enemy, which was turned on us also. The 
Vermont Brigade consisted of full regiments in new uniforms, and was therefore 
noticeable in contrast with the thinned regiments, in dusty garments, of the Sec 
ond Corps. Beaching our place in the line, we made a slight barricade of stones, 
fence rails and knapsacks filled with dirt a little over knee-high, and, lying 
down behind it, many were soon asleep. During the forenoon there was a slight 
skirmish in our front, in which some buildings used for cover by Confederate 
sharpshooters were burned. But suddenly, about one o clock, a tremendous 
artillery fire opened along Seminary Bidge, all converging upon the position of 
the Second Division of the Second Corps. It was at once responded to by our 
artillery, whose position was on ground a little higher to the rear of our posi- 



GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN. 37 

tion. About one hundred and fifty pieces on each side were in action, firing 
with great rapidity, the missiles from both sides passing over us, except those of 
the enemy, which struck or burst at or in front of our line. We had been in 
many battles, and thought ourselves familiar with the roar of artillery, and with 
the striking and bursting of its missiles, but nothing approaching this cannon 
ade had ever greeted our ears. In the storm of shells passing over us to the 
position of our artillery, where caissons were struck and burst every few mo 
ments, it did not seem that anything could live at that place. But our own 
artillery was served as rapidly, and we had the satisfaction of detecting the 
sound of bursting caissons on the enemy s side very frequently. Men will grow 
accustomed to anything; and before the two hours of this furious cannonade 
were ended some of the most weary of our men were sleeping. At length our 
artillery ceased to reply. We were surprised at this, thinking that we excelled 
the enemy in this arm. The Confederate fire appeared to increase in volume 
and rapidity for a few minutes, and then stopped at once. We well knew what 
was to follow, and were all alert in a moment, every man straining his eyes to 
ward the wood, three-fourths of a mile distant, from which the Confederate in 
fantry began to emerge in heavy force, forming two strong lines, with a support 
ing force in rear of each flank. We then estimated the force as over 20,000 
men, though Confederate accounts reduce the number to 15,000. Moving 
directly for our position, with firm step and in perfect order, our artillery 
soon opened upon them with terrible effect, but without causing any pause, 
and we could not repress feelings and expressions of admiration at the steady, 
resolute style in which they came on, breasting that storm of shell and grape, 
which was plainly thinning their ranks. When about sixty rods distant 
from our line our division opened with musketry, and the slaughter was very 
great; but instead of hesitating, the step was changed to double-quick, and they 
rushed to the charge. But whether because Hancock here wheeled Stannard s 
Vermont Brigade to enfilade their right flank in passing, or from some other 
cause, their front opened at this time, and perhaps one-fourth of the force on 
Pickett s right here deflected further to their right, and were met and disposed 
of by the gallant Vermonters. The remainder of the charging force at the same 
time diverged or changed its direction to its left, and, passing from our front 
diagonally, under our fire and that of Hall s Brigade to our right, charged the 
position held by Webb s Second Brigade of our division, forcing back the Sixty- 
ninth and Seventy-first Pennsylvania regiments, and capturing Cushing s Bat 
tery, which had swept them with canister. But as soon as Pickett s force had 
passed our front, our brigade (Sarrow s) ran to the right for the threatened point, 
passing in rear of Hall s Brigade, which, as soon as uncovered, wheeled to the 
right to strike the enemy s flank. So that, by the time the Confederates had 
captured Cushing s Battery, our brigade, mingled with Webb s, was in front of 
it in a strong, though confused, line at a few rods distance. Just here we were 
joined by Capt. Farrell with Company C of our regiment, the division provost 
guard, who had promptly obeyed Gibbon s order to join the regiment in resist 
ing this attack. The fire from both sides, so near to each other, was most deadly 
while it lasted. Corp. Dehn, the last of our color guard, then carrying our tat 
tered flag, was here shot through the hand, and the flagstaff cut in two. Corp. 
Henry D. O Brien of Company E instantly seized the flag by the remnant of the 
staff. Whether the command to charge was given by any general officer I do 
not know. My impression then was that it came as a spontaneous outburst 
from the men, and instantly the line precipitated itself upon the enemy. O Brien, 
who then had the broken staff and tatters of our battle flag, with his characteristic 
bravery and impetuosity sprang with it to the front at the first sound of the 
word charge, and rushed right up to the enemy s line, keeping it noticeably in 
advance of every other color. My feeling at the instant blamed his rashness in 
so risking its capture. But the effect was electrical. Every man of the First 
Minnesota sprang to protect its flag, and the rest rushed with them upon the 
enemy. The bayonet was used for a few minutes, and cobble stones, with which 
the ground was well covered, filled the air, being thrown by those in the rear 



38 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

over the heads of their comrades. The struggle, desperate and deadly while it 
lasted, was soon over. Most of the Confederates remaining threw down their 
arms and surrendered, a very few escaping. Marshall Sherman of Company C 
here captured the colors of the Twenty-eighth Virginia Eegiment. Our men 
were at once most kind and attentive to the three or four thousand captured 
Confederates, giving them refreshments from canteens and haversacks. Our 
loss in killed and wounded in this day s fight was seventeen. Among the killed 
was Capt. Nathan S. Messick, our commander; also Capt. Wilson B. Farrell, 
who succeeded to the command on the fall of Capt. Messick, both most gallant 
and capable officers. Our color guard had suffered severely in the battle. When 
the charge on July 2d was ordered, Sergt. Ellett P. Perkins, who had seized 
the colors afc Antietam when Sam. Bloomer was wounded, and had borne them 
bravely through every intermediate battle, still carried them. He and two cor 
porals of the color guard succeeding him in carrying the colors were struck 
down in that charge. Corp. Dehn, the last of the color guard, carried the flag 
that night, and in the repelling of Pickett s charge, until wounded in the hand 
when the flagstaff was cut in two as stated. Corp. O Brien, who then seized the 
flag, received two wounds in the final m$Ue at the moment of victory; but the 
flag was grasped by Corp. W. N. Irvine of Company D. The staff was spliced 
by the staff of a Confederate flag on the battlefield, and so carried till the regi 
ment was mustered out, and still remains with the same splice in the capitol at 
St. Paul. With the repulse of Pickett s charge the serious fighting of the battle 
of Gettysburg ended. The command of the First Eegiment devolved upon Capt. 
Henry C. Coates, who appointed Lieut. William Lochren acting adjutant. Gen. 
Hancock was severely wounded in this last day s battle, as was also Gen. John 
Gibbon, our division commander, one of the most able and gallant leaders on 
that field. On July 4th we remained on the battlefield, in a drenching rain, 
burying our dead, and expecting a renewal of the fight; but, aside from slight 
skirmishing and artillery firing, the day passed quietly. On July 5th it was 
known that the enemy was retreating, and in the afternoon we moved to Two 
Taverns, and the next day to Taneytown, Md. On July 7th we made a long 
march to Frederick City, passing the aristocratic Seventh New York Militia 
Regiment, which the scare had brought that far, but which had been kept well 
out of danger. It had to bear, with meekness, all manner of jibes and jeers 
from the lines of dusty veterans. From this time on till July 13th we had 
crossed the South Mountain; and, passing near the old battlefield of Antietam, 
on that day confronted the enemy at Jones Cross-roads, near Williamsport. 
The day was rainy, and was spent in bringing up the army, as the enemy was 
behind strong field-works. In the night following Lee succeeded in crossing the 
Potomac, and the pursuit was at an end. On July 15th the Second Corps marched 
to near Sandy Hook, and on the 18th it crossed the Potomac into Harper s Ferry, 
and, without pausing, crossed the Shenandoah, passing up around the foot of 
London Heights into the beautiful Loudon Valley, following mainly the route 
traveled by us the year before, except that our division marched into "and nearly 
through Manassas Gap when it was reached, driving out the Confederates who 
occupied it. The movement of the army was regulated considerably by the 
parallel movements of the Confederates, and continued somewhat deviously dur 
ing the balance of July, on the last day of which we were near the Bappahan- 
nock, and not far from Kelly s Ford. 

NEW YORK AND BROOKLYN. 

We remained there, engaged in picket and fatigue duties, until August 15th, 
when we were surprised by an order that the First Minnesota, Seventh Michigan 
and Eighth Ohio regiments march to Bealton and take cars for Alexandria, with 
the rumor that we were to go to New York and enforce the draft. We marched 
in the afternoon, the entire division turning out under arms to salute us on part 
ing. Bealton was reached about dark, and Alexandria after midnight. We 
stayed there till August 20th, when we all went on board the ocean steamer 
Atlantic, which lay at anchor until the next morning. In the night, in some un- 



BRISTOW STATION. 39 

explained way, Lieut. August Kreuger of our regiment fell from the steamer and 
was drowned. The ship was so crowded that he was not missed till we were 
tinder way the next day, and his fate was learned and his body found by Chap 
lain Conwell, who returned from New York to look after him. Gen. S. S. Car 
roll commanded the troops sent, and Lieut. Myron Shepard of our regiment was 
detailed as one of his aids, and remained on his staff after we returned to the 
army. On August 22d we were on the ocean, a rolling sea bringing sea-sickness 
to many. On the 23d, in the morning, we entered New York harbor, and landed 
and camped on Governor s Island, where we remained till August 28th, when 
we were crossed over to Brooklyn and camped on Washington Park. No draft 
riots occurred, and the veterans received much flattering attention and many 
kindnesses from the good people of Brooklyn, and on September 4th were feasted 
by the ladies of Carlton Avenue M. E. Church in fine style. On September 6th 
we crossed the ferry and marched through a part of New York City, taking the 
steamer Empire City for Alexandria, which, after a pleasant trip, was reached 
on the afternoon of September 8th. We remained there until the 12th, when 
we took up our march for the front, rejoining our brigade beyond Culpepper on 
the 16th, and finding Maj. Gen. G. K. Warren in command of the corps during 
Gen. Hancock s convalescence. On October 3d Commissioners Jefferson P. Kid- 
der and Solomon Snow received the votes of the regiment for the state election 
a month later. On October 4th Maj. Mark W. Downie, wounded at Gettysburg, 
returned and assumed command of the regiment. 

BRISTOW STATION. 

On October 8th a movement of Lee toward our right and rear was discovered, 
causing Meade s army to fall back to the Eappahannock, which was crossed on 
October llth. From mistaken information the river was recrossed the next day, 
but finding that the enemy had crossed above, and was advancing on Warrenton, 
the army was on the following night again moved north of the river, and our 
regiment marched to Bealton on the morning of the 13th. After less than an 
hour s rest we were on the march again, and continued till night, without mak 
ing great distance, as the roads were blocked with trains and with other troops. 
We bivouacked on the south side of Cedar Run, near the village of Auburn. 
Meade s position was now fraught with great danger, as Lee was in position to 
strike him in the flank, coming from Warrentou, Meade s line being incum- 
bered everywhere with heavy trains. We were up at 3 A. M. on October 14th, 
and started, at earliest daylight, in a dense fog. Before we were well under way, 
our cavalry in the direction of Warrenton were driven in, and infantry were 
sent to their support. Our course was to Catlett Station, arid soon, directly in 
our front, and near at hand, came the roar of artillery. The situation seemed 
to be perplexing. It transpired afterward that the Confederate general, J. E. B. 
Stuart, with two brigades of cavalry and a battery, was caught the evening be 
fore between two of our lines; and, not being discovered, lay hidden in a wood 
till morning, when, before retiring, after the troops surrounding him had moved 
on. he opened his artillery on CaldwelFs Division of our corps. Hayes Division, 
which was nearer still to Stuart, but unseen in the fog, soon drove him away. 
Beaching Catlett s Station we turned to the left, taking the road running on the 
right side of, and parallel with, the railroad toward Bristow; and, on approach 
ing the latter place, heard the firing of Confederate artillery ahead, and to the 
left of the railroad, and saw the shells bursting in our line of march. Our divis 
ion, now commanded by Gen. Webb, was in the advance, followed by Hayes 
and Caldwell. As there was on the left side of the railroad a dense thicket of 
stunted pine, the First Minnesota Regiment was sent out as flankers to deploy 
and cover the division in that direction, the men having to push their way 
through a tangle of brush so close that sight would penetrate but a little dis 
tance. Just as we came opposite to Bristow Station, which was marked by a 
single deserted house, we were assailed by the fire of a body of infantry push 
ing through the brush on our left. We returned the fire, but soon received an 
order to fall back. On reaching the clearing, about twenty rods from the rail- 



40 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

road, none of our troops were visible, and we lay down in a dead furrow, half 
way down the slope, and opened on the Confederates, who were then appearing 
in strong force at the edge of the wood. At once came a peremptory order to 
fall back over the railroad embankment, and as we ran for it a heavy fire fol 
lowed us, which our descent caused to go over us. On rising over and crossing 
the embankment we found our division concealed behind it. The rebels followed 
us with yells, and were half way or more down the slope when our division 
arose, and over the embankment as a breastwork poured in a murderous volley. 
The slaughter was great, and most of the enemy who were not hurt lay down. 
The fire was so hot that a Confederate battery of five guns, which had reached 
the edge of the brush through some by-road, was abandoned before firing a shot, 
In a few moments the First Minnesota Regiment again sprang over the embank 
ment, and, hurrying forward, captured three hundred and twenty-two prisoners, 
considerably more than our own number, and the five cannon and two colors. 
The prisoners were told off into three companies, and each put in command of a 
lieutenant of the First Minnesota (the writer being one), and carrying their 
arms, were marched, without other escort, to the provost guard of the division r 
three -fourths of a mile away. It is related that the Confederates engaged in 
this affair recognized in the white trefoil badge of our division their old antago 
nists at Gettysburg, exclaiming: " Here s those damned white clubs again. 7 
The regiment lost in this affair one killed and sixteen wounded. Among the 
latter was Capt. John Ball, who stood on the embankment and emptied his re 
volver at the foe, receiving a severe wound in the groin. The Confederates were 
reinforced, and advanced again, but did not attack, and, our trains having all 
passed, about midnight we were silently withdrawn and forded Broad Run, 
bivouacking between that and Centreville. This ended Lee s flanking move 
ment, and he returned again to the south side of the Rappahannock, and was 
followed leisurely by Meade s army. The Second Corps came to Kelly s Ford 
on November 7th. On that day the Sixth Corps carried by assault the enemy s 
works defending the railroad bridge at Rappahannock Station, after which we 
had no serious opposition to our crossing at Kelly s Ford. Here, on the south 
side, the First Minnesota took possession of very nice winter quarters just erected 
by some Confederate regiment. The log huts were well covered with shakes, 
or long split shingles, and had good fireplaces of clay burned in place. We 
remained here, doing picket duty along the Rapidan, across which Lee had re 
tired, until November 26th. 

MINE RUN. 

On that day the Second Corps marched early to Germanna Ford, on the Rapi 
dan. Some delay occurred, because the pontoon bridge was found to be too 
short, and because of delays in crossing other portions of the army above and 
below us. The enemy made little resistance, and we crossed in the afternoon, 
and moved about four miles to Flat Run Church. The next morning we moved 
early, by a wood road, reaching Robertson s Tavern at ten o clock, finding the 
enemy s cavalry near by in force, which, being driven back, uncovered a large 
body of infantry, apparently outnumbering our corps, and extending beyond it 
on both flanks. French s Third Corps was expected, and then due, on our right, 
and Warren threw forward a strong skirmish line, which kept the enemy engaged 
until sunset, except in front of our brigade on the extreme right, where the Con 
federates advanced and drove back the skirmishers, but were in turn driven back 
by our main line. The Fifteenth Massachusetts, joining us on the right, lost 
quite heavily in this encounter. French s delay until the next day foiled Meade 
in his hope of surprising the enemy, jand gave Lee time to concentrate his army 
and complete the fortification of his naturally strong position on Mine Run, to 
which he fell back in the night. Meade s army confronted these works early on 
the 28th, but the strong intrenchments behind the swollen stream seemed 
impregnable. A movement by the left, to turn the position, was determined on, 
and the Second Corps fell back to Robertson s. Early on the 29th the march to 
the left was taken up, the corps reaching Hope Church in the afternoon. In the 



MINE RUN. 41 

clear, cold night following we marched to the position assigned us, passing for 
some distance near to and parallel with the enemy s works, the First Minnesota 
marching as flankers of the division. \Vhen halted, our division lay in the val 
ley of a small stream, about sixty rods from the enemy s line. The First Minne 
sota, now faced to the front as skirmishers, was twenty rods nearer that line, and 
could plainly see the line of earthworks on the crest of the gentle slope rising 
before us. Our position required us to do picket duty during the night, and we 
could hear the incessant sound of intrenching tools in the enemy s works. We 
knew that it was expected that we should charge these works, and earnestly 
wished that the order would come to do so in the darkness, before they were 
made stronger and reinforced. Near morning the order came that the charge 
would be made at eight o clock precisely, on the firing of signal guns from the 
different corps, and that, in the advance, the First Minnesota should march on 
the enemy s works, keeping its distance as skirmishers in front of the first line 
until it should draw the enemy s full fire, upon which the lines behind were to 
move at double-quick, and the survivors of our regiment were to fall into the 
first line as it reached them, and participate in the assault. As our position on 
the slope would be in full view of the enemy s works at daylight, and quite near 
its rifle-pits, we gathered fence rails and laid them into slight barricades. As 
the day began to dawn it was intensely cold, and as the Confederates in their 
rifle-pits discovered us, two or three ineffectual shots were fired by them. The 
severe cold drove them out of their pits for exercise, and, as we did not fire on 
them, they also abstained from firing, and soon they and we were running and 
jumping about, within pistol range, to keep from chilling. The earthworks in 
our front seemed very strong, and well covered with artillery, which could 
sweep every inch of the perfectly open, gentle slope over which we must ad 
vance. It was plain that reinforcements were pouring in, as there was one point 
in the road behind the enemy s line so high that the arms of soldiers passing 
there could be seen by us over the works, and from early light a steady stream 
of men had been passing that point from the enemy s left. We had no sufficient 
amount of artillery to silence or disable that of the enemy, but must pass to the 
earthwork through the canister from these guns, as well as the fire of the enemy s 
infantry. The prospect was far from assuring, and, with our orders here, we 
felt that, after our heavy loss at Gettysburg, there would not be enough left of 
the regiment for a formal muster-out after this charge should be made. Yet 
every man was ready, and the order to advance would have been obeyed as 
promptly as if certain victory had been in prospect. Gen. Francis A. Walker, 
the very able assistant adjutant general of the corps, writes: 

While on the picket line, reconnoitering, my uniform concealed by a soldier s overcoat, I asked 
an old veteran of the noble First Minnesota, on picket, what he thought of the prospect Not rec 
ognizing me as an officer, he expressed himself very freely, declaring it "a damned sight worse 
than Fredericksburg ; " and adding, "I am going as far as I can travel, but we can t get more than 
two-thirds of the way up the hill." 

At last the hour of eight arrived, and as a gun was heard on our right, many 
scanned the sun, the sky and the landscape for a last survey. One or two more 
guns were heard following the first, but no gun from our own corps, which was 
to set us in motion. We were nerved up for the rush and the sacrifice, and the 
suspense was almost painful. Soon curiosity was aroused as to the cause of the 
delay, and after a half hour of intense expectation of instant signal to move, came 
the rumor, soon confirmed, that Warren had decided that the assault could not 
succeed, and that he would not order the slaughter. This was relief indeed, 
and every man commended the decision. We at once cast about to make our 
selves as comfortable as might be, and in the garden of a large house on our line 
found abundance of nice potatoes, covered lightly in piles to protect them from 
the frost. We found kettles in the house, and dry oak bark at a tannery close 
by, and were soon feasting on the potatoes and basking in the heat of the fires, 
and so spent the cold day very comfortably, while our friends, the Confederates 
in the rifle-pits, so near that we could have thrown potatoes to them, looked on 
curiously, but showed no disposition to disturb our comfort. At night we were 



42 THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

relieved, and marched back a couple of miles. The next day we marched nearly 
to the Bapidan, which we crossed at another ford in the forenoon of December 
2d, and on the evening of that day, after a hard march through deep mud, and 
wet with the cold rain, we reached our camp, to find that it had been burned 
and destroyed by the mischievous, worthless stragglers, who always sneak in the 
rear of an army. "Our army swore terribly in Flanders, " says Uncle Toby, 
and armies sometimes have provocations tending to profanity, as we realized 
that night. This virtually closed the campaign of 1863, and the field service of 
the First Minnesota Eegiment. About December 7th the regiment went into 
camp at Stevensburg, having been joined by Lieut. Col. Charles P. Adams, who, 
though not entirely recovered from the several wounds received by him at Get 
tysburg, took command of the regiment. The men built huts for winter quar 
ters, and were kept at hard work, building corduroy roads and on picket duty. 
Here, also, on December 29th, they had the pleasure of welcoming back for a 
short time Gen. Hancock, for whom not only his own corps, but the entire army, 
felt the most enthusiastic regard. His wound was not yet healed, and he was 
soon obliged to leave for further treatment, and Warren resumed command. 

RETURN TO MINNESOTA. 

On Feb. 5, 1864, the First Minnesota, having received orders to return to 
its state, left camp, the brigade turning out under arms to pay it honor. It 
marched to Brandy Station, where it took cars and reached Washington, and was 
before dark quartered at the Soldier s Best. On the evening of February 6th a 
grand banquet was given to the regiment at the National Hotel in Washington, at 
which three hundred and nine of its members, many of them still suffering from 
wounds, were present. Col. Colvill, unable to stand, was carried in by Capt. Thomas 
Sinclair and Sergt. John G. Merritt. Hon. William Windom presided, and among 
the guests were Hannibal Hamlin, the vice president; Edwin M. Stanton, secretary 
of war; J. P. Usher, secretary of the interior; Senators Chandler, Harlan and 
Lane; Representatives Aldrich and Donnelly; Mr. Morton, commissioner of agri 
culture; Judge Edmunds, commissioner of the general land office; J. W. Forney, 
secretary of the senate; and James W. Taylor of St. Paul. Also, William S. 
King, postmaster of the house of representatives, and George A. Brackett of 
Minneapolis, both of whom never omitted an occasion to aid or honor the regi 
ment, or to befriend any of its members, and who, at this time, did probably 
more than any other two men to make the occasion one of complete enjoyment. 
The tattered battle flags of the regiment were at the heads of the tables, and 
speeches, patriotic and laudatory, were made by nearly all the distinguished 
guests. Letters were read from Secretaries Seward and Chase and Postmaster 
General Blair, and the boys were feasted, toasted and praised without stint. 

Col. William Colvill s wounds, especially a wound received in his foot,, one 
of the several he sustained in the charge at Gettysburg, still completely disabled 
him; nevertheless, he assumed command of the regiment, and returned with it 
to Minnesota, where he was mustered out with the regiment, having received 
the brevet rank of brigadier general, for gallant and meritorious services. 
Never was brevet more fully earned, nor bestowed on a more gallant and de 
serving soldier. Liberally educated, a lawyer in good practice before the war, 
and naturally studious, he mastered without effort knowledge of tactics, regula 
tions, and everything pertaining to the duties devolving upon him. But he was 
the most modest of men, without a trace of arrogance, always kind and consider 
ate toward everyone, and ever watchful for the welfare and comfort of his men. 
Careless of everything in the nature of mere display, he would not, perhaps, 
attract notice at a review, but on the battlefield he always rose to his full height 
of six feet and five inches, the bravest, coolest, most imperturbable of command 
ers, whom nothing ever daunted or surprised. He was just the man to lead the 
charge made by the regiment at Gettysburg, and had, as such a man always has, 
the fullest love and confidence of those whom he commanded. The regiment 
came by rail to La Crosse, receiving most flattering demonstrations in its honor 
at every place where any stop was made. La Crosse was then the limit of 



RETURN TO MINNESOTA. 43 

railroad transportation in the direction of home, but Capt. Eussell Blakeley had 
made ample provision for stage sleighs to meet the regiment at that place, and 
under the immediate charge of CoL.Alvaren Allen, genial, obliging and every 
way efficient, it proceeded merrily northward on the frozen surface of the river. 
It was feasted at Winona, Ked Wing and all towns at which it stopped on the 
way, and received an ovation when it reached St. Paul and was quartered again 
at Fort Snelling. Between its arrival there and the 28th of April several of the 
men re enlisted, and, pursuant to orders from the War Department, all others 
whose terms then expired were to be mustered out. A review was had on April 
28th, near the fort, before Gov. Stephen Miller, the first lieutenant colonel of 
the regiment, followed by an address from him, from which I extract as follows: 

FELLOW SOLDIERS: A few of us who witnessed the first grand review of our gallant old regi 
ment have been permitted to participate in its last, and I know you will receive kindly a word of 
parting from one who has shared a portion of your dangers, aud has followed you with his sympa 
thies in all your marches and conflicts. I said a few of us; for, alas! McKune and Messick, and 
Acker and Farrell, and Holzborn and Periam and Muller, and a host of our old comrades, both offi 
cers and men, are not here to-day. They sleep their last sleep, and never will waken to glory again 
until God s last reveille shall summon them to the soldier s eternal rest. We deeply lament their 
fall, but the patriot hearts that miss them, still clinging to the flag of our Union, are exclaiming: 

" I d not exchange my slaughtered son 
For auy other living one." 

Hundreds of our associates have fallen, and the hydra rebellion is not yet crushed, and others 
whom I now address may die without the sight. To those who are about repairing to your homes 
I may say that you have before you an illustration that Minnesota is not ungrateful to her soldiers. 
Be prudent and exemplary in civil life, as you have been brave and faithful upon the field. To 
such as return to the field, it is hardly necessary to say, Maintain the reputation of the now 
immortal First, and strike boldly for the integrity of the Union. And now, officers and men of 
the First Minnesota Regiment, farewell! Your banners are torn and tattered, but have never 
been dishonored. If, in my service with you, I have, by word or act, wronged officer or soldier, it 
has been by inadvertence, and I now ask his pardon. In camp and in battle, in victory and in 
defeat, in sickness and in health, I have received from you the utmost kindness, and am not in 
sensible to the fact that to my association with you I mainly owe whatever of honor or position 
I possess. Wishing, with all my heart, for the present and eternal happiness of each of you, I bid 
you as a regiment a final farewell. 

When the cheers following the governor s address had subsided, Lieut. Col. 
Charles P. Adams, whose gallantry on every battlefield, attested by his many 
wounds, also won for him the brevet rank of brigadier general, read an address 
from which the following is extracted: 

OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE FIRST REGIMENT: The time has arrived when the organiza 
tion of this regiment must be broken up. Three years ago you rushed from the peace and tran- 
quility of your firesides, at the call of the president, to meet the traitors whose hands had trailed 
our glorious flag in the dust at Suinter. You came from the hillside and the valley, the city and 
the plain, with brave hearts and strong arms, to shed your blood in defense of your country s 
honor. You were the first three-years regiment in the volunteer service. Then you were a thous 
and strong, but stronger in your love of country and devotion to its flag. The promise of your 
organization has been more than fulfilled in the glory of your achievements. Your deeds have a 
world-wide renown. The battle-scented breezes from Bull Run, Edwards Ferry, Yorktown, West 
Point, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, White Oak Swamp, Glendale, Malvern Hill, 
Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, Charlestown, Fredericksburg, Marye s Heights, Bristow 
Station and the immortal field of Gettysburg, have wafted them to the most distant climes. The 
seal of your blood was stamped upon all of the twenty odd battlefields emblazoned on your flag. 
The blood of more than seven hundred of your companions has crimsoned those heroic fields, and 
more than two hundred and fifty of them have passed from the smoke and clangor of battle strife 
to their eternal bivouac beyond the skies. Let the memories of these three years associations, the 
common dangers and trials we have shared, be cemented in the mutual blood we have shed, and 
cherished with a true soldier s pride. Forget and cast into oblivion all little piques incident to 
the service. Let these lie buried forever. Officers and soldiers of the First Minnesota Regiment 
heroes of more than twenty battles! I now bid you an affectionate farewell. Never again will you 
all assemble until the reveil!6 at the dawning of eternity s morning shall summon us from the 
slumber of the grave, to pass the review of our lives before the Commander-in-Chief of the armies 
of the skies. May a merciful Providence direct you, and crown you here with earth s brightest 
honors. But however brilliant may be your future, your proudest boast will ever be, " I belonged 
to the First Minnesota." Farewell. 

This was also responded to with cheers, and as the regiment broke ranks the 
officers and men crowded around the carriage in which Col. Colvill reclined, still 



44 THE FIRST REGIMENT AND BATTALION. 

disabled by his wounds from taking any part in the review. The leave-taking 
between the men and their colonel, and their solicitude for him in his wounded 
and nearly helpless condition, was tender and affecting. On the next day, April 
29, 1864, those whose terms then expired, and who had not re-enlisted, were mus 
tered out of the service, and, a few days later, followed those who had filled up 
its ranks when changed to a three-years regiment. And here ends the history 
of the First Kegiment Minnesota Volunteers. 

FORMATION OF FIRST BATTALION. 

The veterans of the First Minnesota Eegiment who re-enlisted, and recruits 
whose terms had not expired, with recruits then enlisted, were formed into two 
companies, and organized as the First Battalion Minnesota Infantry Volunteers 
at Fort Snelliug. It was officered by veterans, who had been enlisted men in the 
First Minnesota. James C. Farwell became captain, Chesley B. Tirrell, first 
lieutenant, and Charles O. Parker, second lieutenant, of Company A; and Ellett 
P. Perkins, captain, Charles F. Hausdorf, first lieutenant, and Henry D. 
O Brien, second lieutenant, of Company B; and I pass, with some misgiving, to 
an attempt to narrate, in briefest form, the services of that organization, of which 
I was not a member, and respecting which the data I have been able to collect 
is not as full nor satisfactory as I could wish. Still, its first two companies, who 
alone saw much service in the field, were so largely composed of, and entirely 
commanded by, members of the First Eegiment, and always regarded them 
selves as a continuation of that regiment, and so well maintained its reputation 
in the same brigade on many battlefields, that it seems fitting that its narrative 
should be a sequel to that of the old regiment, and such I understand to be the 
desire of its members, else I would not undertake it. 

TAKES THE PLACE OF THE FIRST REGIMENT. 

The battalion, under the command of Capt. Farwell, was drilled at Fort 
Snelling until May 16, 1864, when, on being ordered to the Potomac, it embarked 
at Fort Snelling, reaching Washington May 23d. On May 30th it again em 
barked at Alexandria, and arrived, on June 1st, at White House, on the Pamun- 
ky river. On June 5th it escorted a wagon train to Cold Harbor, returning to 
White House the next day. On June 9th it marched to army headquarters, and 
was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, of the Second Army Corps, 
the very place occupied by the First Eegiment, and joined that brigade at the 
front on June llth, where it was cordially welcomed by the regiments which 
had served so long with the Old First. This was just at the close of the san 
guinary battle of Cold Harbor, in which the loss of the Second Division and of 
the corps had been very heavy. On June 12th orders to pack up were received, 
and on that night the march to the James river was begun, and continued across 
the peninsula, until the James river was crossed on June 14th from Wilcox s 
Landing to Windmill Point, where the boys of the battalion got their first 
glimpse of Gen. Grant, as he stood on the bank quietly smoking a cigar, and 
observing the landing and disposition of the troops. On June 15th the battalion 
marched, with its corps, by a circuitous route, about twenty miles to Peters 
burg, reaching the vicinity of that place about midnight, and then working till 
morning in throwing up a line of breastworks. The very effective use of the 
spade made by Lee in his campaign from the Eapidan to Cold Harbor had dem 
onstrated the value of that implement. On June 18th the battalion participated 
in the sanguinary, but unsuccessful, assault on the enemy s works in their front. 
The battalion moved out of its works before daylight, advancing on the Con 
federate line, which was in a thick wood, and driving the enemy s skirmishers 
from three partially fortified lines. Eeaching the City Point & Petersburg rail 
road, the battalion was subjected to a partly enfilading, as well as a front, fire; 
but, using the railroad embankment as a breastwork, it kept up the contest. 
Here Sergt. W. N. Irvine, who had safely passed through most of the battles of 
the First Eegiment, was mortally wounded, and Lieut. Chesley B. Tirrell re 
ceived a severe wound in the left forearm, breaking both bones above the wrist. 



DEEP BOTTOM. 45 

Soon the Sixth Corps advanced on the right, and the position reached by the 
battalion was held as part of our line, and the nearest to the enemy s works of 
any gained, until the retreat of Lee. The approach to it was so completely cov 
ered by the enemy s fire that all communication with it was after nightfall. 
On the evening of June 20th the battalion was relieved from this position, and 
on the next day marched to the left to the Jerusalem plank road, where the 
enemy was found in force. In the skirmish that ensued there were three wounded 
in the battalion, and, after dark, it threw up breastworks to the west of the 
plank road. On the 22d day of June the Second Corps advanced, and was to be 
joined by the Sixth Corps on its left. The failure of the Sixth Corps to keep up 
with the advance, and the fact that the rebels were in strong force beyond the 
left flank of our corps, caused some delay until a peremptory order from Meade 
to advance, regardless of the position of the Sixth Corps, sent the Second Corps 
ahead, when it was subjected to a strong attack in front, and by an enveloping 
force on that flank and on its rear, resulting in a loss of four guns, a large num 
ber of killed and wounded, and of about 1,700 prisoners. Among the latter 
were nearly all that was left of the gallant Fifteenth Massachusetts Eegiment, 
which had fought by our side since 1861. The loss of the battalion was two 
killed, thirteen wounded and twenty prisoners. This was the first time the gal 
lant Second Corps had ever lost a color or a gun. Gen. Hancock was not then 
in command, having been disabled a few days before by the breaking out of his 
Gettysburg wound, which kept him from the front till June 27th. 

DEEP BOTTOM. 

Until the 26th of July the battalion was mainly engaged in constructing earth- 
works and defenses. On that day the Second Corps were given six days rations, 
and marched at night across the Appomattox at Point of Rocks, and at sunrise 
crossed the James river at Deep Bottom. The corps was accompanied by a large 
body of cavalry under Sheridan, the object being to force the Confederate in 
fantry toward Chapin s Bluff, while Sheridan, with his cavalry, should make a 
dash for Richmond, supported, if he had any success, by the infantry; or, if the 
enemy should be found strong on the north side of the James, it was hoped the 
movement would draw there a much larger force from Petersburg, and give 
greater chance for the meditated assault on the latter place, in connection with 
the explosion of Burnside s mine, which was in readiness under Elliott s salient. 
The enemy north of the James was found in strong force, and well intrenched, 
along Bailey s creek; but the movement was successful in taking more than half 
of Lee s army to the north side of the James. The battalion had its share in 
the marching and skirmishing, which held the enemy there till the night of the 
29th, when the federal forces quietly retired and recrossed the James, and, after 
a hard march, reached Petersburg just after daylight, and in time to witness 
the explosion of the mine. The march was exhausting, and one man, John 
Weeks of Company B, died by the wayside. The battalion took no part in the 
action following the mine explosion, and on the evening of that day returned to 
its camp. 

Hancock moved the Second Corps on August 12th to City Point, and in the 
afternoon of the 13th embarked it on vessels for Deep Bottom, leaving at 10 p. M., 
and debarking at Deep Bottom in the morning. The vessels were of such deep 
draught that they could not approach the shore, and the landing was too slow 
for the hoped for surprise. The enemy was there in much stronger force than 
was expected. There was severe fighting, and in places the Confederates were 
driven from their intrenchments, but were able to reinforce and retake them. 
At 4 P. M. preparation was made for a general assault. Gen. Barlow, inquiring 
of Capt. Farwell what his regiment was, on his response sent it to the extreme 
right, saying: "If you fight like the Old First all hell won t stop you." At the 
right the battalion advanced, crossing a cornfield under heavy fire, and reaching 
a ravine of generally impassable bog, covered with a dense tangle of brush and 
vines, beyond which the ground rose gradually to the enemy s intrenchments. 
Several were wounded while crossing the cornfield, and the morass seemed to 



46 THE FIRST REGIMENT AND BATTALION. 

stop further advance. But a slight path was found on the margin of a small, 
open pond, and though swept by the enemy s fire, the battalion hurried through 
it, and, forming a few yards in front of the rebel works, at once carried them. 
But as the troops on the left had failed to pass the ravine, the battalion was en 
tirely without support, and on the enemy being strongly reinforced here, Capt. 
Farwell ordered the battalion back to the ravine. The enemy advanced in turn 
and attacked it here, but was repulsed, and retreated to the works, and the 
ravine was held by the battalion until it was ordered back after nightfall. The 
battalion lost seven killed and a large number wounded. Among those severely 
wounded were Lieut. Henry D. O Brien, who had, as color-bearer of the Old 
First, distinguished himself in repelling Pickett s charge; and Marshall Sher 
man, who, on the same occasion, had captured the flag of the Twenty-eighth 
Virginia Eegiment. The operations north of the James at this time were mainly 
important in withdrawing and keeping employed so large a part of Lee s army 
that it enabled Grant, with Warren s Fifth Corps, to obtain decided advantages 
in the direction of the Weldon railroad. To secure this object the Second Corps 
was kept north of the James till August 20th, on the night of which it was with 
drawn across pontoons and marched to its old camp near Petersburg. This was 
reached after an exhausting night march in deep mud. "With only a halt to 
make coffee, the First and Second divisions were sent to the Strong House to 
slash timber and construct defenses. 

REAMS STATION. 

On August 24th Gibbon s Second Division was ordered to Beams Station, on 
the Weldon railroad, twelve miles south of Petersburg, and on the next day took 
part in the unfortunate battle there, where the remnant of the Second Corps, re 
duced by hard fighting and constant marching to less than 6,000 men, were beset 
by three times their number; and, after repelling three charges, were at length 
forced to retire, losing some guns and many prisoners. Even then a part of the 
troops, including the battalion, rallied, and, by a sudden charge, recaptured 
some of the lost guns, and held the field until night, when the corps returned to 
the Strong House near Petersburg. The battalion lost one killed, three wounded 
and fifteen captured. 

HATCHER S RUN APPOMATTOX. 

Up to October 24th the battalion alternated between several forts. On that 
day Capt. Ellett P. Perkins resigned. On October 27th the Second Corps, hav 
ing moved west of the Weldon railroad, found the enemy strongly intrenched at 
Hatcher s Eun, and at once charged and routed them, following to the Boydtown 
plank road, where some hard fighting occurred while Hancock was waiting for 
Crawford to come up on his right. The Confederates were worsted, but as Craw 
ford did not come up, Hancock retired at night to Hatcher s Eun, and next day 
returned to camp near Fort Bross. Capt. Farwell, in command of detachments 
from the battalion, the Seventh Michigan and Thirty-sixth Wisconsin, number 
ing about seventy men, was, on the night of the 27th, by some oversight, left on 
the skirmish line, and the men found themselves the next morning alone con 
fronting the Confederate forces. Concealing the weakness of his force in a piece 
of timber, Capt. Farwell repulsed a considerable force of Confederate cav 
alry which attacked him, and, falling back cautiously, reached the Union lines 
at nightfall without loss. For his gallant conduct here Capt. Farwell was bre- 
vetted major. After this the battalion was for some time engaged in picket 
duty. About December 1st, after having built winter quarters, the division 
was moved to the front, and, with the Third Division of the same corps, made a 
raid along the Weldon railroad nearly to the state line. After this it again 
built winter quarters. Maj. Farwell resigned, and was succeeded in command 
of the battalion by Capt. Charles F. Hausdorf. The battalion being reduced by 
casualties and sickness to but little more than thirty men present for duty, 
First Lieut. Charles C. Parker, Sergt. Thomas N. Whetstone, and five other 
enlisted men were sent to Minnesota on recruiting service. Lieut. O Brien re- 



CLOSING. 47 

turned, and became acting quartermaster. The recruiting detail was success 
ful, and during the spring following, Company 0, Capt. Charles C. Parker, 
joined the battalion, and on the morning after its arrivaljoined their companions 
in a successful charge on the enemy s rifle-pits, capturing the occupants. The 
battalion took part in the final assault on Lee s works at Petersburg on the 1st 
and 2d of April, 1865, and in the several actions in which the Second Corps 
was engaged up to the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appo- 
mattox, and with only the loss of a few wounded. At the surrender the battal 
ion was on picket, and Confederate soldiers came in in large numbers. Our men 
were of course jubilant at the prospect of a speedy and successful ending of the 
war, and the Confederates seemed reconciled, and glad that the end was reached. 
Company D, Capt. Thos. N". Whetstone, arrived just after the surrender. As 
other companies had been recruited for the battalion, Maj. Mark W. Downie of 
the old regiment was commissioned lieutenant colonel, and joined the battalion, 
and Capt. Charles F. Hausdorf major. Later each of these officers was commis 
sioned one grade higher, and Capt. Henry D. O Brien major. But they were 
not mustered upon those commissions. In June, 1865, soon after the battalion 
arrived in Washington, it was ordered to Louisville, Ky., and became part of 
Brig. Gen. Henry A. Morrow s Division of the Army of the Tennessee. Maj. 
O Brien became his assistant adjutant general, and Capt. Thomas H. Pressnell 
provost marshal of the division. In July, 1865, the battalion, which had been 
increased by Companies E, F, G, H and I, was ordered to Minnesota, and, after 
a most hospitable and enjoyable reception at St. Paul, was mustered out at Fort 
Snelliug, July 15, 1865. 

CLOSING. 

Glancing over what I have written, I feel satisfied of its accuracy, for I have 
spared no care or pains. But I have felt cramped by the limit of space, though 
all that could be allowed, in view of the necessity of crowding the narratives and 
rosters of all Minnesota troops into one volume of reasonable size. I feel that 
this narrative will very inadequately convey to its reader any just conception 
of this regiment, whose perfection in discipline and in the execution of every 
movement of company and battalion tactics and care for personal appearance 
made it a favorite and model regiment in camp or on review, and whose esprit du 
corps, pride in its reputation as a regiment, and the chivalric, soldierly feeling 
pervading all ranks would never brook thought of defeat or disgrace, and never 
permitted it to hesitate or falter on any occasion. The regiment can scarcely be 
pictured to the understanding without portrayal of the men who impressed their 
personal characteristics upon it. Such officers as Messick, Farrell, Periam, 
Coates, Sinclair, Mailer, Heffelfinger, Maginnis, Searles and May, and such en 
listed men as Marvin, Burgess, Tirrell, Perkins, Taylor, Trevor, Irvine and 
hosts of others who, for want of space, cannot even be named. I find I have 
hardly made mention of Dr. W. H. Morton, one of the most skillful surgeons 
of the army, who became medical director of our division, and died from 
disease contracted .in the service; or of his able successor, Dr. J. B. Le Blond, 
who joined us in the spring of 1862, and continued till the muster-out of the 
battalion; or of our second chaplain, Rev. F. A. Conwell, who joined us after 
Antietam, and was especially devoted in caring for the sick and for the wounded 
on every battlefield ; or of Anson Northup, our wagonmaster, whom no obsta 
cles could stop, nor any regard for red tape prevent from furnishing needed 
articles to the men, if such articles were in the wagons. The Indian outbreak 
of 1862 took him from us to render efficient service against the savage foe. I am 
aware that some of my statements of losses, for instance occasionally disagree 
with official tables. But I have examined all these, so far as yet published in 
the "Rebellion Records," and my statements here vary from them only in the cases 
where, from recollection, confirmed by reliable memoranda made at the time, I 
am satisfied that the official tables are wrong. To cite an instance: " Rebellion 
Records," vol. 27, part 1, page 176, received since this narrative, except this 
closing paragraph, was written, gives the number of officers killed at Gettysburg 



48 THE FIRST REGIMENT AND BATTALION. 

at three. Yet every survivor of the regiment knows that Capts. Nathan S. 
Messick, Wilson B. Farrell and Louis Muller and Lieut. Waldo Farrar died on 
the field. The aggregate of killed, wounded and missing at Gettysburg is there 
given as two hundred and twenty-four. Capt. Coates report of the battle to 
the governor of the state, which (with some typographical errors) will be found 
in "NeilPs History of Minnesota 7 (4th ed.), pp. 740-745, was written on the bat 
tlefield, on July 5, 1863, by myself, then the acting adjutant of the regiment, and 
states the loss correctly (page 744), four commissioned officers killed, and the 
aggregate loss as two hundred and thirty-two. The six then reported as missing 
were afterward ascertained to have been killed or wounded. I may add that 
the aggregate of men there reported as engaged in the battle, three hundred and 
thirty, includes Companies C and F, both of which were engaged with the regi 
ment on July 3d, but neither of which were in the charge made by the regiment 
on July 2d. Tfoe report of Capt. Coates, of Aug. 3, 1863, which appears in vol. 
27, part 1, "Kebellion Records," pages424, 425, is manifestly condensed from the 
report written by me on July 5th, as a comparison of its language with that of 
the latter in i NeilF s History conclusively shows. The report of Gen. Hancock, 
in the same volume, written while he was wounded and absent from the corps, 
in its reference to our charge, shows that his memory was at that time indistinct 
and at fault. (See page 371.) He speaks of meeting a regiment of the enemy, 
the head of whose column was about passing an unprotected interval of our line, 
and adds: 

The First Minnesota Regiment coming up at this moment, charged the rebel regiment in hand 
some style, capturing its colors and driving it back in disorder. I cannot speak too highly of this 
regiment and its commander in its attack, as well as in its subsequent advance against the enemy, 
in which it lost three-fourths of the officers and men engaged. 

Hancock was with us but a moment when he ordered our charge. It is pos 
sible that at that moment a skirt of brush and trees to our right may have hid 
den from his view a considerable part of the Confederate force which we had 
seen come down the opposite slope and met in our charge. Instead of " coming 
up at this moment," we had stood at the same spot for hours watching Sickles 
battle and his defeat. It is not strange that, with all the responsibility and un- 
intermitting work and vigilance that devolved on Gen. Hancock during the 
three days of this battle, and his severe wounding on the last day, he should have 
a confused recollection of this incident when he wrote that report. Later, 
the facts were recalled to his memory, and the entire situation was well under 
stood by him, as is indicated by his remarks mentioned by Col. Fox, and already 
quoted. But I have reached my limit, and must close abruptly. The fame and 
glory of the regiment need not be dwelt on. It is known throughout the coun 
try, and especially to all the people of this state, whose appreciation of its 
valor and services has been shown in the ovations given to the survivors by 
the various cities and towns on the occasions of their annual reunions. Every 
member justly regards his own connection with the regiment as the highest honor 
of his life, the one thing respecting himself to which his own posterity will 
always refer with greatest pride. May our state always send forth such regi 
ments whenever its safety, or the safety or honor of our beloved country, shall 
call its sons to arms. 

MINNEAPOLIS, Feb. 1, 1890. 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS. 



49 



ROSTER OF FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS OF THE FIRST REGIMENT. 



NAMES. 


H 
O 

< 


MUSTERED 
. IN - 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Colonels 
Willis A.Gorman 
Napoleon J. T. Dana 
Alfred Sullv 


46 
39 


Apl. 29, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Feb. 3, 62 


Oct. 1, 61 
Feb. 3, 62 
Sept 26 62 


Brig. Gen. 1st Brig., 2d Div.,2d Corps. 
Brig. Gen. 3d Brig.,2d Div.,2d Corps; wounded at Antietam. 
Brig Gen. 1st Brig.,2d Div.,2d Corps, Brevet Mai. Gen., Brevet 






Sept 26 62 


May 5 63 


Brig. Gen. U. S. A 
Capt Co E Maj Lieut Col resigned Brevet Brig Gen 


William Colvill 




May 6, 63 


May 4* "64 


Capt.Co. F Maj. Lt. Col.- wnd. Glendale and Gettysburg- Bvt. 


Lieutenant Colonels 
Stephen Miller 


4f> 


Apl. 29, 61 


Sept. 16 62 


Brig. Gen. 
Col. 7th Minn. Vols., Brig. Gen., Gov. of Minnesota. 


Charles Powell Adams . 




Sept. 26 62 


May 4 64 


Capt Co H Maj wnd Bull Run Malvern Antietam Gettys 


Majors 
William H. Dike 
Mark W Downie 


47 
25 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 6 63 


Oct. 22, 61 
May 4 64 


burg; Brevet Brig. Gen. 

Resigned. 
Q M 1st Lt and Capt Co B-wnd Gettysb g- Lt Col 1st Batt. 


Adjutants 
William B. Leach 
John N Chase 


27 
26 


Apl. 29, 61 
Oct 22 61 


Feb. 23, 62 


1st Lt. Co. H, Capt, and A. A. G. Dana s Brigade. 
I st Serg and 1st Lieut Co E Capt Co H 


Josias R King. 


?9 


July 10, 62 




IstSerg 2d and 1st Lieut. Co. A Capt.Co G.; wnd.Savage Station. 


John Peller 


31 


Jan. 14 63 


May 4 64 


Sergt Major 2d Lieut Co A -1st Lieut- wnd. Gettysburg. 


Quartermasters 
George H. Woods 




Apl. 29, 61 


Aug. 13 61 


Pro Capt and C. SU.S.A Lt. Col and Cbf. C.S.Sheridan s Corps. 


Mark A. Hoyt 
Francis Baasen 




Jan. 1, 62 
July 10 62 


May 4 64 


Resigned 62. 


Surgeons 
Jacob H. Stewart 
William H Morton 




Apl. 29, 61 

Feb 1 62 


June23 63 


Captured at Bull Run; Exam. Surg. at St. Paul. 
Med Director 2d Div 2d Corps resigned from disability 


John B. Le Blond 






May 4* 64 


Asst Surg Surg 1st Battalion. 


Assistant Surgeons 
Chas. W. Le Boutillier.. 


34 


Apl. 29, 61 




Captured at Bull Run- Surg. 9th Minn. Volunteers. 


Daniel W. Hand 




July 23 61 




Brigade Surgeon charge of general hospitals. 


Edmund J. Pugsley. 




Aug 29 63 


Aug 15 63 




Peter Gabrielson 
Chaplains 
Edward D. Neill. 


37 


Feb. 17, 61 
Apl 29 61 


May 4, 64 
July 13 62 




F. A. Conwell 
Sergeant Majors 
C. Edward Davis 
EdwardS. Past 


48 


Oct. 15/62 

Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 4, 64 


2d Lieut. Co. I, 1st Lieut. Co. A; Capt. Co. E. 
Wounded at Antietam - discharged for disability. 


David A.Coflin 
Albert S. Davis 




Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 





1st Lieut. Co. A Oct. 7, 63. 
1st Lieut. Co. A Mch. 4, 64. 


John W. Pride 




Apl. 29 61 


May 4 64 


Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 


Quartermaster Sergeants 
William Smith... 
Aaron Greenwald 




Apl. 29, 61 

Apl 29 61 


Nov. 17, 61 


Discharged. 
Resigned and transferred to Co C - killed at Gettysburg 


T. A. Wood 




Apl. 29, 61 


May 4, 64 


Company F. 


Commissary Sergeants 
J. Mahouey 
Mathew M.Standish 
Jacob Marty 


:::::: 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl 29 61 


Feb. 63 


Discharged. 
Resigned and transferred to Co. D May 8, 63. 
Promoted 1st Lieut. Oct. 3 63. 


Frank Dickinson. . 




Apl. 29, 61 


May 4. 64 


Corp. Co. G. 


Hospital Stewards 
James Kirkman 
G.F. Marble 




Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 




Companv C. 


C. A. Brooks 


?? 


June, 61 


June 12, 63 


Appointed Hospital Steward U. S. A. 


Chas. H. Spear 

Principal Musicians 
Henry 0. Fifield 
Ezra D. Haskins. 




Apl. 29, 61 

Aug. 16, 63 
Aug. 16, 63 


May 4, 64 


Co. L, or 2d Co. Sharpshooters. 

Company C. 
Company G. 













50 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY A. 



NAMES. 


X 
CD 

5 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Alexander Wilkin 
Henry C. Coates 
First Lieutenants 
Charles Zierenberg 


29 

28 

28 
29 


Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 18, 61 

Sept. 18, 61 
Sept. 14, 62 
Oct. 7, 62 
Oct. 7, 63 
Mch. 4, 64 

July 19, 62 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 

May 5, 64 


Pro. Major 2d Minn. Sept. 18, 61. 
1st Lieut.; commanded regiment 3 months after Gettysburg. 

2d Lieut.; died Sept. 13, 62, of wounds at Vienna, Va. 
1st Serg., 2d Lieut., Capt. Co. G; on Gen.Sully s staff; wd.S. Sta, 
Serg. Major, 2d Lieut. Co. I, Capt. Co. E. 
Corp. Co. I, Serg. Major; transferred to Co. K. 
Priv. Co. I, Corp. Co. B, Serg. Major; wounded at Bull Run. 

Serg., Serg. Major, Adjutant; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to Co. F Oct., 62. 
Serg.; drowned Aug. 20, 63, at Alexandria, Va. 

Killed June 29, 62, at Savage Station. 
Wnd. at Savage Station; absent sick on discharge of regiment- 
Musician. 
Re-enlisted 1st Battalion; wounded at Antietam. 
Discharged for disability; wounded at Bull Run. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to V. R. C. Nov. 16, 63. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Died July 14, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 23, 62. 
Corp.; wounded at Bristow; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Corp.; wounded at Antietam; killed at Gettysburg. 
Corp.; discharged for wounds at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; re-enlisted 1st Battalion. 
Serg.; wounded at Bull Run. 
Re-enlisted in 1st Minn. Battalion. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Musician; killed at Bull Run. 
Corp.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Re-enlisted; Capt. Co. A 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Batt, 

Discharged for disability. 
Corp.; transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Wagoner; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Died July 10, 63, of wounds received at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; absent on discharge of regiment. 
Discharged for disability from wounds at Bull Run. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 

Regiment postmaster, Aug. 16, 61. 
Died Oct. 14, 62, of wounds near Vienna, Va. 
Corp., Serg., 1st Serg., Lieut. Col. 1st Batt.; wnd. at Gettysburg, 
1st Lieut, in 13th U. S. Infantry, Dec. 15, 61. 

Corp.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for wounds at Savag^Station, 62. 
Discharged per order. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 
Corp.; discharged per order. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62; killed at Gettysburg. 

2d Lieut. Co. E; died March 27, 63. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Corp. and Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; absent sick on discharge of regiment. 
Corp.; wounded at Bull Run. 
Corp.; died July 8, 63, from wounds at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Autietam. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps Nov., 1863. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. . 
Corp., Sergt.; killed at Antietam. 
Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Antietam. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Serg.; discharged for disability. 
Died Sept. 8, 62, at Fort Monroe. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 


C Edward Davis 


David A Coflin 


28 




Alberts Davis 


Mch. 5/64 


Second Lieutenants 


31 
99 






August Kruger 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adams, Hiram 


29 

24 
27 
34 
24 
26 
25 
32 
37 
25 
21 
20 
24 
26 
25 
21 
30 
25 
21 
26 
19 
38 
28 
29 
30 
31 
21 
20 
21 
39 
22 
31 
23 
26 
44 
30 
32 
23 
29 
20 
30 
24 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 28, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 2 J, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Oct. 22, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 3, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 3, 62 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
July 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 3 61 
May 15, 61 
May 11, 62 
May 18, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 17, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 


** *** 


Agnew Edward C 


May 5, 64 


Alpers, John H. A 
Becher William 


Mch. 12, 63 


Biddle *Abel 


Blesi John 








Brandt Clark 




Canfield, Lucien F 




1 


Clark Charles F 




Crawley, Timothy 









Dooley Wm H H 








Drake* Charles S 












Eichler Charles 


Feb. 3, 63 


Farwell, James C 
Farquhar, Daniel W 


May 4, 64 


Fegar Jacob 


May 4, 64 
May 10, 61 


Foss Jay B 


Freer, Richard W 
Fuller Melville 


May 5, 64 
May 3, 64 


Gallman John J 


Gibbs Gates .. . 






Glave Frederick 








Halsted johnT 


Sept. 1, 62 
"May" 3/64 


Hedapp, George 


Hines Henry C 


Hoff Edward C 




Hausdorf Charles F 








Jeniesch, William 


May 3, 64 


Keyes James N 


Kiefer Louis 


29 
19 
34 
27 
19 
23 
33 




King Charles 


Feb. 4/62 




Kraemer William 


Feb. 4/62 


Kratka Chas A 


Lattfi, Simon E 


May 3/64 


Levering Andrew ... 


Lemmer, Peter 




Lichtenberg, August 




Feb. 20, 64 




Loomis Chas C 


19 
22 
19 
23 
29 
20 
19 
29 
30 
21 
25 
19 
25 
20 
23 
23 
29 
28 
25 
22 
18 
35 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 25 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Feb. 11, 62 
Sept. 3, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 27, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 25, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29. 61 




Lyons, Stephen 
Lyons Harrison .. . . 


May 3/64 


Maloy, James 


May 3/64 


Marks, Peter 


Matheis Nicholas 


May 3/64 


Marshall, John J 


Marshall, James 
Magnussen, Engel A 
McEwen, John 




Aug. 20, 62 


Me William, David 
McLean, Maxwell A 
Miller Wm F 




Aug. 20, 62 

"May "3, " 64 
Mch. 12/62 
Jan. 29, 62 
May 3/64 
Nov. 6/62 


Mowry, Rascellas S 
Morrison, John T 
Mockwitz, Charles 


Muller, Charles 
Nelson, Nels E 


Nelson Ole . 


Nickell, Henry 
Nixon, William 


"May" 3/64 
Feb. 3/63 


Olson. Andrew 



COMPANY B. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY A Continued. 



51 



NAMES. 


1 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Palmer Eli J 


42 
22 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
May 21, 61 
May 18, 61 
May 27, 61 
Mav 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 27, 61 
May 23, 61 
Mav 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 27, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 18, 61 
Aug.21, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
May 17, 61 


May 3, 61 

"Feb!"l5," 63 
May 3, 64 
Jan. 24, 64 


Transferred to 3d U. S. Cav., 1862. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Bayonet wound at Bristow. 
Wounded; prisoner at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Killed near Warrenton, Va. 

Transferred to U. S. Light Artillery Oct. 27, 62. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Died of wounds at Gettysburg. 
Discharged per order. 
Corporal. 
Pro. 1st Lieut, and Q. M. 32d N. Y. 


Parker, *Geo. H 
Payher Frank . . 


Pfeffer, George 


24 
23 
36 
19 
29 
21 
35 
27 
22 
21 
21 
31 
28 
28 
32 
30 
22 
27 
23 
29 
27 
30 
25 
23 
31 
21 
37 
40 
32 
21 
29 


Pitkin Samuel J 


Kathiuaiin Hans 




Sanders Benjamin F 


May 3, 64 


Sattler Louis 


Schooley, David 
Schmucker Joseph .... 






Schmidter William 


May 3, 64 

"Aug. T, 61 
May 3, 64 
July 31, 63 


Simouson, Hans M 
Smoot George W 


Sonderman, John G 


Sproat Edgar L 


Stevens Robert 


Wounded at Bull Run; arm amputated. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Color Sergt.; appointed 2d Lieut. inU. S. Army. 
Corp., Serg.; wounded at Antietam. 
Serg., 1st Serg.; lost leg at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam; leg amputated; discharged. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Corporal. 
Died Oct., 62. 
Discharged for disability. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Serg.; wounded at Bull Run; killed at Gettysburg. 


Stoll, Andrew 


Sept. 9, 62 
Feb 27, 63 
June, 61 


Stoll Jacob 


Stansbury, Howard 
Steffes, Matthias 
Steen, Charles 


Streit, Nicholas 


Feb. 3, 63 
May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 


Theissen. Matthias, 
Thiem Joseph 


Tinker, Herbert E 
Van Woert, Wm. T 


Mch. 3, 63 


Vogelsang Deitrich 


TVagner, Warren 


"May "3, ; 64 


Weld Charles P 


Wells, George A 


Wentworth, Hiram 
Wilson, John . 


Mch. 3, 62 


Wright, Henry C...,. 





ROSTER OF COMPANY B. 



NAMES. 


H 
3 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Carlisle A. Bromley 
Mark W. Downie 


31 
25 


Apl. 29, 61 
July 16, 61 
May 7, 63 




Resigned July 15, 62. 
1st Lieut.; pro. Maj. May 6, 63; wnd. Bull Run and Gettysburg. 
Serg., 2d and 1st Lieut.; wnd. Bull Run, Gettysburg and Bristow. 

2d Lieut.; wnd. at Bull Run; pro. Lieut. Col. 4th Minn. Oct. 18, 61. 
Serg., 1st Serg., 2d Lieut.; pro. Capt. Co. E Sept. 17, 62; wnd. at 
Bull Run; killed at Gettysburg. 
Serg., 1st Serg., 2d Lieut.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wagoner. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bristow. 
Serg.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Promoted Capt. 9th N. H. Vols. Aug. 26, 62. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp., Color Serg.; wnd. at Bull Run, Antietam; dis.; loss of leg. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Transferred from Co. I; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Serg.; wounded at Bull Run. 

Musician. 
Corp.; killed at Antietam. 
Corp. and Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Serg., Serg. Maj., 1st Lieut. Co. A. 





Thomas Sinclair 


May 5, 64 


First Lieutenants 
Minor T. Thomas 


30 


Louis Muller 


26 
30 

30 

27 
23 
21 


Nov. 18, 61 
Sept. 10, 63 

May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Feb. 28, 62 




William M.May 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Allen Lorenzo D 


May 5, 64 


Anderson, John 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Arnold George 


Aucker, Wm. H 


Bates, Wm. F 




Bernds, Frederick L 
Binns, Zebulon E 


28 
33 
26 
25 
25 
22 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 
Jan. 17, 62 
May 5, 64 


Blanchard, Rufus G 
Boswell, Daniel C 
Brown, Thomas 
Bloomer Samuel 


Aug. 4, 62 
Dec. 6, 62 


Butler, Daniel 


Caplazi Albert . .. . 


31 
33 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 


May 5, 64 


Cathoman, Louis 
Carriegiet Bartholomew 




Capron, Alonzo A 


28 
18 
18 
20 
24 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 




Clearey, James 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Connolly Andrew 


Cornman, Oscar L 
Crome, Frederick 


May 5, 64 


Davis, Albert S 


Darms, John M 


44 
19 
20 
26 
22 
37 
18 
40 
24 
30 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Anl. 29. 61 


Feb. 8, 63 
May 5, 64 


Wounded at Fredericksburg; discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged per order. 
Corporal. 
Discharged per order. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
CorDoral. 




Darms John N. 


Densmore, JohnD 
Dittmer, August. . 


Aug. 9 61 
May 5, 64 
Oct. 13, 61 

Aug. , " " 62 


Dotts, Charles J.... 


Durich, William 


Ehrhardt, Morritz 
Eppenberger, Adam 
Everson, Peter 


Fallihee. Patrick.... 


Mav 5 64 



52 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



NAMES. 



Foreman, Noah 

French, Henry C 

Goundry, John E 

Goff, John S 

Gove, Charles H 

Goodman, Henry 

Grandstrand, Gustave A.. 

Graf, Emil 

Grusemann, Jacob 

Hall, Peter 

Haniann, Charles 

Harvey, James , 

Henry, Martin J 

Herrin, Edwin E 

Hebenstreit, Nicholas 

Hooker, George 

Hospes, Adolphus C 

Johnson, S wen 

Johnson, David 

Johnson, Samuel 

Johnson, Andrew 

Kelly, William 

Klasi, Thomas 

Koenig, Augustus 

Krone, Henry W 

Kunzelmaa, John 

Lockwood, Charles M 

Lord, David 

Marty, Jacob 

May, JohnS 

Marty, Adam 

Marty, Fridolin 

McLaughlin, Almond C.... 

Mclntyre, Harlow 

McKusick, Freeman L 

McNeill, Geo. C 

Meyers, \Vm.J 

Mead, Frank J 

Morgan, Wm. A 

Nelson, Chas. L 

Nickerson, Samuel B 

Nystedt, Erick 

Olson, Hocken 

Older.Joseph 

Oliver, George A 

Peterson, Andrew 

Pierson, Wm. S 

Pooler, Albert 

Quist, Andrew P 

Ricketts, Charles F 

Reichard, Adolph L 

Robinson, Ebenezer B 

Rowley, Charles F 

Sawtell,JohnM 

Schoenbeck, John P 

Schroeder, Wm. F 

Seaman, Henry S 

Shepard. Myron 

Sebers, Albert 

Smith, Ralph W 

Snow, Lafayette W 

Stevens, John B 

Steinacker, Frederick 

Stevens. Edward A 

Staples Chas. A 

Stirnemann, Frederick 

Tanner, Cbas. G 

Tanner, Joseph A 

Thompson, Ole 

Van Vorhes, Henry A 

Van Kuster, Oscar 

Valentine, Chas 

Walsh, Joseph 



C*10LJ, U VQO^Zl &O 

Wells, Edwin 19 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
June 4, 61 
June 4, 61 
June 4, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 



Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Feb. 21, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29. 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29/61 
July 21, 61 
Mch. 4, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, SI 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29. 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Jan. 8, 62 
Nov. 19, 61 



May 5, 64 



REMARKS. 



May 5, 64 
June 9, 62 
Jan. 9, 62 
Feb. 9, 63| 
May 5, 641 
May 5, 64 
July, 62 
May 5, 64 
Jan. 29, 63 



May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
Dec. 14, 62 
Sept. 29, 63 
Nov. 17, 61 
Apl. 30, 63 
May 5, 64 
Sept. 26, 62 



Aug., 62 
May " 5, 64 



May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 



Feb. 16, 63 
Jan. 7, 63 
May 5, 64 
Apl. 30, 63 

Dec., 62 

May 5, 64 
Aug. 2, 61 



May 5, 64 
Nov. 8, 61 



May 5, 64 
Nov. 24, 61 

Feb" 25 , ; 64 



Aug. 14, 62 
Aug. 21, 61 



Jan. 7, 63 



Dec. 6, 62 



May 5, 64 
Jan. 14, 63 
Jan. 3, 63 

Aug ."7J 61 
Sept. 26, 62 



Aug. 14, 62 
Dec. 19, 61 
Sept. 8, 62 



Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Killed at Antietam. 

Wounded at Savage Station. 

Died of wounds received at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Wounded by accident. 
Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps Nov. 18, 63. 

Corp.; captured at Antietam. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; discharged. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred from Co. I; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded, at Bull Run; killed July 2, 63, at Gettysburg. 

Wounded and captured at Bull Run. 

Discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg., 2d Lieut. 24th Wis. Vols., Aug. 28, 62. 

Corp.,Serg. and 1st Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Com. Serg., 1st Lieut. Co. E. 

Corp.; re-enlisted 1st Battalion. 

Corp.; -wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to Signal Corps August, 61. 

Transferred from Co. H; discharged for disability. 

Captured at Antietam. 

Discharged per order. 

Serg.; killed at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died of disease April 13, 62. 

Serg. and 1st Serg.; wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died of wounds at Bull Run while prisoner. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run; arm amputated. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run; 2d Lieut. 98th Penn. Vols. 

Transferred to Inv. Corps for wounds at Fredericks burg. 

Died Dec. 8, 62, afWashington, D. C. 

Transferred to U. S. Light Artillery July 16, 62. 

Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Savage Station. 

Serg.,2d Lieut. Co. H, and 1st Lieut. Co. F and Co. H. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corp.; discharged for disability. 

Re-enlisted in 1st Minn. Battalion. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged per order. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged per order. 

Deserted Dec. 10, 61, from Canip Stone. 

Musician; discharged for disability. 

Wounded and captured at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run; died of wounds received at Gettysburg. 

Corp.; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for wound at Savage Station. 

Wounded at Haymarket; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 

Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 



COMPANY C. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY C. 



53 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

William H. Acker 

Wilson B. Farrell 

Jasper N. Searles 

First Lieutenants 

Samuel T. Kaguet 

Wilbur F. Duffy 

William Harmon 

Second Lieutenants 

Wm. C. Lamed 

Chas. H. Mason 



Andrew Levering.., 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abell, John 21 

Arnsdorf, Henry 24 

Atherton, Minor 19 

Barnes, Andrew J 22 

Barton, Wm. H 26 

Baldwin, Jerome 18 

Blanquest, Charles 

Bleaser, Michael 34 

Blanchard, Chas. C 22 

Boyce, Henry W 25 

Brisette, Edmund 44 

Brack, Wm. A 20 

Brown, Henry J. W 33 

Buck, Geo. W 21 

Btirt, Geo 32 

Carpenter, Robert A 41 

Chamberlain, Wesley 21 

Clark, Joseph M 41 

Clark, Chas. 1 30 

Clancy, Daniel 27 

Coombs, Charles C 19 

Coombs, William 29 

Coles, John W 25 

Collins, Jeremiah 28 

Cunningham, Wm. C 24 

Demarest, David B 27 

Dorathy, Charles H 22 

Dubois, Garrett N 24 

Eastman, Rufus M 28 

Echoldt, August T 18 

Ellsworth, John 20 

Ellingson, Henry 19 

Fifield, Henry 21 

Finical, Benjamin F 25 

Finical, Chas. A 18 

Foster, Edward H 18 

Gard, Samuel D 23 

George, Jacob { 29 

Gilman, James B 29 

Ghostly, Henry 

Gay, Gustave.." 

Groat, James W 

Greenwald, Aaron 

Hastie, James 

Haskell, John S 

Haskell.Chas. W 

Harvey, Julius 

Hamilton, Helon 

Hayford, Faxon 

Henderson, Thos. D 

Howard, Henry H 

Hough, Chas. H : 

Hotchkiss, Chas. J 

Irvine, Theodore A 

Kennedy, Chas. W 

Klein, Herman 

Kramer, Sigismond O 

Krueger, Andrew F 

L,add, Austin N 

Leonard, Maurice F 

Little, David M 

Lloyd, Edward S 

Linberg, John 

Lonquist, John , 

Lufkin, Wade 

Marr, Christopher C 

Mayence, John B , 

Marble, Geo. F., 



McDonald, Joseph 

McNelly, James R 

McMullen, Nathan 

McLean, David 

McCray, Samuel C 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 8 61 
Oct. 7, 63 

Aug. 8 61 
Jan. 19, 62 
Mch.26, 63 

Aug. 8, 61 



Jan. 20, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Mch. 4, 64. 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Nov. 25, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 17, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
June 22, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
May 22, 61 
Dec. 30, 61 
Nov. 25, 61 
Dec. 9, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Dec. 16, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 23, 61 
Dec. 23, 61 



May 23, 61 
June 1, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Dec. 25, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 11, 62 
Sept. 14, 61 
Dec. 16, 61 



Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
Dec. 23, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 18 61 
May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 28, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



May 4, 64 



May 4, 64 



May 5 , 64 
Mch. 27, 63 



Oct. 6, 62 

May" 5/64 
Feb. 7 , 63 
May 5, 64 



May 5, 



May 5, 64 
Aug. 13, 61 



May 5, 64 
May" 5 \ 64 

No vV e , 
Feb. 8 62 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 

Aug." 6/61 
May" 6/64 



May 5/64 



Sept. 3, 61 
May 5, 64 



May 5/64 



June 12, 62 
Feb. 6/63 
May 6, 64 



Feb. 6, 6i 
Feb. 6/63 



Apl. 23, 63 
Sept. 3/61 
May 5, 64 
May 5/64 



REMARKS. 



Wnd. at Bull Run; Capt. 16th U. S. Inf., Aug. 8, 61; killed Shiloh. 
1st Lieut.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Pro. from 1st Lieut. Co. K. 

2d Lieut.; wounded at Bull Run; transferred to Co. I. 

1st Serg., Capt. Co. I, March 26, 63. 

2d Lieut. Co. D; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corp.; wnd. at Bull Run; transferred Dec., 62, to Signal Corps. 
Transferred from Co. D; 1st Lieut.; died Aug. 18, 63, of wounds 

at Gettysburg. 
Died Dec. 16, 63, at Sioux City, la. 

Transferred to tet Battalion. 

Killed June 1, 62, on picket at Fair Oaks. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to Inv. Corps Dec. 13, 63. 



Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Absent as paroled prisoner on discharge of regiment. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corporal. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Serg.; wounded at Savage Station. 

Wounded at Savage Station; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wnd. Bull Run and Antietam; absent (prisoner) on dis. of regt. 

Wounded Bull Run; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; died March 24, 64. 

Wounded at Antietam; transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 

Transferred to Inv. Corps Sept. 1, 63. 

"Wounded at Bull Run; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Bull Run; transferred to Inv. Corps Oct. 31, 62. 

Re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Antietam. 

Re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Bull Run, supposed to be mortal. 

Serg. and 1st Serg., 2d Lieut. Co. E; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run. 

Discharged for disability. 

Missing at Savage Station. 

Wnd. Savage Station; transf. U.S. Cavalry Oct., 62. 

Wnd. Savage Station; died Aug. 63 of wnds. at Gettysburg. 

Musician, Drum Major. 

Wounded at Savage Station. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62. 

Discharged for pro. in 4th Minn. Infantry. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run; Corp.; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run. 

Corp.; wounded at Bristow; transf. to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62. 

Corp., Q. M. Serg.; killed at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run. 

Wounded at Bull Run, supposed mortally. 

Wounded at Glendale; died in hospital Mch. 8, 63. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Died Sept. 1, 62, Point Lookout, Md. 

Re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; died of wounds at Gettysburg. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Corp. and Serg. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged per order for non-age. 

Re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Minn. Battalion. 
Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run; died of wounds Oct., 61. 
Re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 

Re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Serg.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for wounds. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for wounds. 
Musician, Hospital Steward; discharged for disability 63. 
Corp.; wnd. Savage Station; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Wounded threetimes at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Discharged per order for non-age. 



54 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTEK OF COMPANY C Continued. 



NAMES. 


w 
o 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


McCausland, Andrew 
McMullen, George 
McConkey, John 


42 
21 
37 
22 
18 
23 
21 
21 

22 
20 
30 

24 

27 
18 
24 
43 
22 
23 
34 
20 
19 
20 
31 
29 
37 
33 
19 


Nov. 18, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 21, 61 
Sept. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Dec. 16, 61 
Dec. 16, 61 
Sept. 9, 61 
Nov. 25, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 64 
Apl. 29, 64 
May 17, 64 
Apl. 29, 64 
May 22, 64 
May 22, 61 
Aug. 22, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 25, 61 


Jan. 8, 63 
Feb." 16/63 


Wounded at Savage Station; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; killed at Bull Run. 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 
Died Nov. 8/61. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Glendale; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 52. 
Corp., Serg.; transferred to Kirby s Battery July 16, 62. 

Corp., Serg. and 1st Serg. 
Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corp.; Capt. in 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Absent in confinement on discharge of regiment. 
Serg.; wounded at Bull Run; died of wounds. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Wounded Savage Station; transferred to U. S. Cavalry. 
Wounded at Bull Run, supposed to be mortal. 
Discharged to enlist in U. S. service. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Took rebel flag at Gettysburg: re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Killed at Antietam. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run and Antietam. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Mortally wounded at Savage Station. 
Wounded at Savage Station; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Deserted while absent sick. 
Mortally wounded June 29, 62, at Savage Station. 
Killed at Bull Run. 
Serg.; Lieut, in 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Missing, probably killed at Bull Run. 
Wagoner. 
Wounded at Bull Run 
Discharged for disability. 
Serg.; re-enlisted; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to Kirby s Battery June 16, 62. 
Corp.; killed at Bull Run. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Corp. and Serg. 
Re-enlisted; Capt. in 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability; captured at Bull Run. 
Serg .; wounded at Bull Run; died Apl. 62. 
Mortally wounded at Savage Station; died June 30, 62. 


Morton Albert B 


Jan. 8, 63 




Murphy, James A 
Navarre, Joseph B. F 
Newell Phocian P 


Sept. 17, 62 


May" 6/64 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Odell, Joseph H 
Onermann, Wilhelm 
Owen, Robert P .*.. 


Pethybridge, Joshua 
Perkins, Andrew F 
Perkins, Daniel A 
Pressnell Thos H 


May 5, 64 






Pribble, Turner 
Randolph, Wareham G... 
Reynolds, Wm. M 
Renshaw, John C 
Richardson, Richmond .... 
Roberts, Gustave A 
Robertson, Daniel M 
Roach, Wm.C 


"Jan"" 7/62 




"6ct." 21/62 


Rosemeyer, George 


May 5/64 


Sherman, Marshall 
Simpson Robert C 




Sias G 




Smith Julius 


41 

29 
26 

41 
29 
25 
23 
19 
23 
21 
22 
29 
23 
30 
26 
35 
30 
26 

23 
27 
17 
28 
23 
26 
21 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 26, 61 
Nov. 25, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 22, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Jan. 20, 62 
Dec. 30, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Sept. 9, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 7, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 29, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
Nov. 18, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Dec. 9, 61 


May 5/64 


Smith, Cyrus 
Smith Geo L 


Feb" i7/62 
Mch. 24, 63 


Snow, Leonard 


Sohns, Charles 


Staats, Isaac 
Taylor Edward 




Thompson, Joseph H 
Tirrell Chesley B 


"Apl." 18/62 


Townsend, Geo. W 
Townsend Perry C. .. 


Tripp, Thomas T 




Treadway, Calvin 
Twitchell Isaac L 


May 5/64 


Van Solen, George L 
Victory James 


Apl. 18, 62 


Watkins, Wm 
Waterhouse, Sewall N 
Waltz, William 






Nov. 1/62 
May 5/64 


Westlake, Reuben M 
Whetstone, Thos. N 
Willey, George 
Willey, Warner 
Williams, Henry H 
Wilmer, Eugene 


May 11, 62 
Oct. 62 


Wren, Nicholas 




ROSTER OF COMPANY D. 



NAMES. 


H 

o 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 




OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Henry R. Putnam 


99 


Apl. 29, 61 




Wounded at Bull Run; Capt. 12th U. S. Inf. 


Dewitt C. Smith 

Chris. B. Heffelfinger 
First Lieutenants 
Geo. H. Woods 


35 
26 
?9 


Aug. 8, 61 
July 4, 63 
Apl. 29 61 


May 4, 64 
Nov. 28 61 


2d Lieut; wounded at Antietam; transferred to Co. G; Pay 
master; killed by guerrillas. 
Serg., 1st Serg., 2d and 1st Lieut.; wounded at Gettysburg; 
Major 1st Heavv Artillery. 
Pro. Capt. and C. S., Lieut. Col. and Chief C. S. Cav. Corps, 64. 


Seth L, Hammond 
Jacob Marty 


26 


Nov. 26, 61 


Sept. 62 


1st Serg., 2d Lieut.; resigned. 
Transferred to Co E. 


Ellet P. Perkins 


?4 




May 5 64 


Corp. Color Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg; Capt. 1st Battalion. 


Second Lieutenants 
Wm. Harmon 


>) 


Sept 13 G? 




Serg 1st Serg pro 1st Lieut. Co. C; wounded at Gettysburg. 


Chas. H. Mason 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abraham, Geo W. F 


25 

17 


Sept. 27, 62 
Feb 20 64 




Serg.; transferred to Co. C; pro. 1st Lieut ; died Aug. 18, 63, of 
wounds at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to Battalion; died Andersonville Nov. 12, 64. 


Allen, William R 


?4 


May 16, 61 




Killed at Gettysburg. 


Ames, Orville 
Anderson, Charles 
Ball, Edward W 


34 
26 
19 


Feb. 25, 64 
May 20, 61 
May 20, 61 


May 5, r 64 
May 5, 64 


Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Bartlett, George W 


19 


May 29, 61 


May 5, 64 


Wounded at Gettysburg. 



COMPANY D. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY D Continued. 



55 



NAMES. 


K 
O 
^ 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Baker, Chas. E 
Bartlett Ransom A 


19 


May 29, 61 


Oct. 7, 62 
May 5, 64 
May 5 64 
Jan. 26, 63 


Killed July 2, 63, at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 
Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg; re-enlisted in 1st Batt. 

Prisoner at Bull Run; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Antietam and Bristow. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps March, 64. 
Discharged for disability. 
Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to gunboat service Nov. 16, 63. 
Killed at Bull Run. 
Discharged for disability, 61. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to gunboat service Nov. 16, 63. 
Discharged for disabilitv. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps Jan. 16, 64. 

Discharged for disability. 
Corporal. 
Musician; promoted Corporal. 
Discharged for disability April 10, 63. 
Promoted Corporal; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg and Bristow. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 
Corp.- died July 3, 63, of wounds received at Gettysburg. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged. 
Transferred to Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to Battalion. 
Corp.; died Nov. 20, 61. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged foi disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to Signal Corps Aug. 1/61; promoted Sergeant. 
Wounded at Fredericksburg; discharged. 

Wounded and captured at Bull Run. 
Corp.; wouuded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam; killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged. 
Wagoner. 
Wounded at Savage Station. 
Discharged for disability. 
Serg.; discharged for disability. 
Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run. \ 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 
Lieut. 7th U. S. Inf.; killed at Gettysburg. 


Bingenheimer, Henry 
Blake, Horace K 
Bryant Adelbert 


19 
23 
20 
18 
21 

"26" 
21 
IS 
22 


May 16, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 29, 61 
May 16, 61 
July 20, 61 
May 22, 61 
Mch.30, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 






May 5, 64 


Brown Theodore 


Carter, Leonard B 
Carpenter, EdsonB 
Chaffee, Jacob W.." 
Chandler, Enoch H 
Chase Henry B 




"Ap i." 17/63 
May 5, 64 
Feb. 2, 63 
May 6, 64 
Feb. 7, 63 


Clifford, Carroll H 
Clater John 


18 
31 
21 
21 
21 
24 
35 
24 


May 21, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 26, 61 
Oct., 61 
May 21, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 16, 61 




Curtis, Francis I 
Curtis, Archibald 
Darling, Azariah W 


Dec. 29, 61 
Oct." 16, " 62 


Devcrgill, Franklin 
Dean Henry A. 








Donnelly, Stephen 
Drew, Nathaniel 
Dunsmore, James F 
Eddy, Cyrus E 


23 
21 
23 
23 
18 
18 
18 
23 
20 
21 
19 
25 
21 
24 


May 20, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 17, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 31, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 16, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
May 21, 61 


Jan. 7, 62 


Aug. 1/61 

May" 5/64 
Oct. 25, 61 


Ferguson, Ami R 


Fletcher Levi 




Fuller Geo E 


May 5/64 
Apl. 10, 63 
May 5/64 
May 5/64 
May 5/64 
Oct. 2, 62 
Dec. 1/61 


Garvey, Wm. H 


Oeer, Lewis B 


Geer, Chas.W 


Goeppinger, August A 
Gordon Wm A 


Gordon, Hanford L 
Grandy, George 


Hayden, Alonzo C 
Hamilton, Emsley I 
Hatch Cyrus M 


22 
20 
28 
23 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 6 1 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 


"Nov." 27/61 
Dec. 5/62 
Dec. 2, 62 


Haaer, John H 


Hamilton, E. J 


Hawks James 




Feb. 29, 64 




Hamilton EMC 


Hoblitt JohnT 


21 
20 
23 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 
May 5/64 
Jan. 6, 63 
July, 61 
Jan. 9/62 
May 5/64 
Dec. 5/62 
Dec. 20, 61 
Junel4, 62 


Howe, Archibald E 
Howe Wm. H 


Howe David M 


Hoblitt, Isaac N 
Holt Joseph B 


20 


Apl. 29, 61 


Hughes, Chas. W 


23 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Hutchins, Charles A 
Hughes Thomas 


Hyatt, Alexander H 
Irvine, William N 


24 
22 


May 21, 61 
May 21, 61 




Aug. 20, 63 




19 


Apl. 29, 61 
Oct., 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 17, 61 




Kelly Thomas. 


Dec. 18, 62 
May 5/64 


Kendall, James W 
King Orange S , 


24 
23 
19 
21 
24 
20 


Kouts, Jacob W 


May 5/64 




Laflin George A 


Mch. 25/63 
May 5/64 
Dec. 2/62 
May 5/64 
May 5, 64 
Feb. 4/63 
May 11, 62 
May 5/64 
May 5/64 
Feb. 3/63 
Feb. 27, 63 
May 5/64 
Dec. 29, 61 


Laflin, Adin A 
Latnbdin Edwin 


Lancaster, Wm. H 
Legg, Daniel B 
Leonard Webster G 


22 
31 


May 22, fil 
May 22, 61 


Longfellow, Henry W 
Martin, Horace M 
Maddock, George 
McAllister, Henry A 
Markham, Charles S 
Meeker, Lewis C 


23 
23 
23 
23 
34 
26 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, Gl 


Messer, Edward D... 


Miller Wesley F 





Apl 23, 61 


Morgan, David L 
Nason Thos. B 


21 
18 


Mch. 30, 64 
May 28, 61 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corp.; wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Absent sick on discharge of regiment. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. / 
Enlisted in regular army. 
Wounded Fair Oaks and Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam; died of wounds at Gettysburg/ 
Corp., Serg., Serg. Maj.; dis. for wounds at Antietam. 
Sergeant, 1st Sergeant. 


May 5/64 
Feb. 15, 63 
Apl. 2/62 


Nason Eben S 


Newton, Wm. J 
Newton, Francis H 
Noel, Benjamin F 


21 
18 
18 
19 
20 


May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 21, 61 


May 5/64 
Jan. 1/63 
Apl. 7/63 


Over, William 
Fatten Geo. W. . 




Past, Edward S-. 
Parker, Raymond J 


20 
25 


Apl. 29, Gl 




Apl. 29, 61 


May 5/64 



56 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY D Continued. 



NAMES. 


X 

o 
<! 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Pendergast, Lloyd G 


19 
19 
21 
24 


Apl. 16, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 20, 61 




Discharged for disability. 

Corporal, Sergeant. 
Discharged for disability. 
Killed July 2, 63, at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Died April, 64, of smallpox. 
Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Musician. 
Died Aug. 3, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to Battalion. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to Battalion. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Corporal. 
Serg., Com. Serg. Feb. 16, 63. 
Corp., Serg.; wounded at Fredericksburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corporal. 
Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 
Corporal. 

Discharged for disability. 
Died of wounds, near Vienna, Va., Sept., 62. 
Transferred to gunboat service Nov. 16, 63. 
Died Sept. 28, 61, at Camp Stone. 
Corp.; wounded at Antietam; discharged. 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
May 14, 62 


Plummer, John W 
Plummer Henry C 




Pratt Job 


0^ 






Pratt M G 








Rines, Charles H 
Robinson, Calvin D 
Robinson S Morton 


19 
23 
18 


May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
June 6, 61 
June 30. 63 
Nov. 1, 61 
May 17, 61 
May 20, 61 
Mch. 1, 64 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Rollins Frank 


Sullivan, Daniel 


19 
18 
22 


Sampson, Leroy F .. 
Scherfenberg, Frederick... 
Sly Gilbert E 


Feb. 2, 63 
Oct. 17, 62 


Smith Geo. W 




Feb. 13, 63 


Smith Wm C 




June 30, 63 
Apl. 27, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21 , 61 
May 21, 61 


Smith Chas W 


21 
32 
21 

28 

?8 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
Jan. 5, 63 


Smithyman, Joseph 
Spaulding, Norris H 
Standish, Mathew M. 
Savage, Charles W 


Taunt, AlvinB 


21 

24 
24 
22 
29 
20 
18 
36 
22 
34 


Apl. 20, 61 
May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 21 , 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Feb. 8 62 
May 5, 64 
May 5 64 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
May 11, 62 


Titus Platt S 


"Walsh. James W 


Walker, Edward A 
Wetmur, David G 
Welsh, Henry P. . 


Whittemore, John D 
Wilgus, Henry N 




Woodworth, Chas. M 
Young, Joseph J 




Jan. 3, 63 



ROSTER OF COMPANY E. 



NAMES. 


w 

o 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
George N. Morgan 
George Pomeroy 

Louis Muller 


35 
25 

26 


Apl. 29, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 

Sept., 62 
July 3, 63 

Apl. 29, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 

Aug. 8, 61 
Sept. 26, 62 

July 3, 63 
Oct. 7, 63 

Oct. 22, 61 
July, 62 

Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 26, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 20, 61 




Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, Brev. Brigadier General. 
2d Lieut.; wounded at Antietam; Lieut. Col. 146th N. Y.; Pay 
master U.S. A. 
1st Lieut. Co. B.; killed at Gettysburg. 
1st Lieut. Co. A, 2d Lieut. Co. I, Serg. Maj. 

Resigned. 
1st Serg., Capt. Co. H, Sept. 26, 62. 
Transferred from Co. I, A. D. C., to Gen. Gorman. 
Serg. Co. C, 2d Lieut. Co. E; died July 30, 63, of wounds at 
Gettysburg. 
Serg. Co. E, 2d Lieut. Co. K; resigned on certificate of disability. 
Transferred from Co. D Jan. 64. 

Serg.; wounded at Antietam; 1st Lieut. Co. G, July 19, 62, 
Serg., 1st Serg., 2d Lieut. Co. H, 1st Lieut. Co. I. 

Trans, to Sig. Cor. Aug., 61; Lieut.; wnd.; Lieut. Reg. Army. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Corporal. 
Corporal; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corporal. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 
Corporal; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Savage Station and Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability 62. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Serg.; died of wounds at Savage Station. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to U. S. Engineers Oct. 24, 62. 
Wounded at Gettvsburg. 


Sept. 19, 62 


C. Edward Davis 


May 4, 64 
Oct. 22, 61 


First Lieutenants 
James Hollister 


25 

26 
23 
27 

29 


John N Chase. 


Samuel T. Raguet 
David B. Demerest 

Wm. Lochren 




Dec. 30, 63 
May 4, 64 


Jacob Marty 


Second Lieutenants 
James H Shepley 
George Boyd 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abbott Asa T 


26 
30 

20 
21 
19 
26 
22 
25 
20 
27 
19 
22 
22 








May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 
July 31, 61 
May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 


Adams, George M 
Aldrich, Bradley B 
Austin, Edward A 
Barnard John F 


Bassett, Wm. H 


Berry Amos O 


Berry, Charles A 
Brower, James S. 


May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 


Brakey James 


Bofferding, W 


Bradley, Henry C 


28 
22 
17 
26 
25 
18 
30 
28 
28 
25 
22 
29 
20 
18 
25 


May 23, 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Feb. 20, 64 
May 24, 61 
May 26, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
May 23, 61 
Feb. 26, 63 
May 20, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Mar 26. 61 


May 3, 64 


Brenchley, Philip 


Brown, Edward F 
Butler, David 




Burgan, John M 




Buck, Philip A 




Cassedy,HughG 




Carlton, David 




Carter, John H 




Camp, Abner W 


Dec. 5, 61 


Churchill, Henry 
Connick, Bryce 


Jan. 20, 63 
Dec. 29, 62 


Cook, Charles H 


Coombs, Albert B 


Curry, John... . 


Mav 3 64 



COMPANY E. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY E Continued. 



57 



NAMES. 


W 

O 

<5 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Gundy Wm E 


22 
19 
21 
23 
26 
28 
24 
22 
22 
18 
22 
22 
21 
31 
26 
18 
20 
25 
23 
18 
27 
27 

00 

30 
28 
29 
18 
17 
18 
22 


May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 18, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Feb. 19, 64 
May 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 26, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 23, 61 
Feb. 26, 63 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 26, 61 
Sept. 14, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 


May 3, 64 
Sept. 26, 61 


Musician; discharged per order. 
Discharged for promotion in colored regiment. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability, 63. 
Wounded. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run and Malv. Hill; trans, to U. S. Cav. 
Deserted March, 64. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run and Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 

Killed at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to gunboat service Nov. 16, 61. 
Corporal and Sergeant. 
Absent sick on discharge of regiment. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to Battalion. 
Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav., Oct. 27, 62. 
Killed at Antietam. 
Wounded at Bull Run; transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corporal. 
Corporal; killed at Bull Run. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Corp., Serg.; discharged for promotion Sept. 21, 63. 
Lost leg by wound at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run; transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. 
Transferred to gunboat service Nov. 16, 61. 
Wounded at Bull Run; transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. 
Corp., Serg., Drum Major; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run; transferred to gunboat service. 
Wounded at Antietam. 
Wounded at Bristow. 
Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg; trans, to Inv. Corps. 
Wounded at Vienna. 
Died Aug. 4, 63, from wounds at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 26, 62. 

Transferred to Inv. Corps Nov., 63. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Killed July, Bull Run. 
Corporal. 
Transferred to 6th U. S. Cav. Oct. 27, 62. 
Wagonmaster. 
Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg; Major in 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Savage Station; discharged for disability. 
Deserted Nov., 62. 
Serg., Serg. Maj.; wounded at Bristow; transferred to 1st Batt. 
Musician; deserted 62. 

Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run, re-enlisted 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Savage Station. 
Captured at Bull Run; transferred to Inv. Corps. 
Wounded at Savage Station. 
Wounded at Gettysburg and Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; transferred to gunboat service Nov. 16, 61. 
Corp. and Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Corp. and Serg.; wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to Battalion. 

Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; wounded at Savage Station 
Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Killed at Antietam. 
Killed July 2, 63, at Gettysburg. 
Corp.; wounded at Bull Run. 
Corp., Serg.; killed July, 2, 63, at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run; died July 6, 63,of wounds at Gettysburg 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 


Davenport Wm. H 












Doble Thomas L 


May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 


Drake, Hiram 
Elliott John 


Ewart James T 




Farrington, William ... 
Fenton Benjamin 




May 3, 64 
Mar. 25, 63 


Fleetham, John 
Fisher Henry I 




May 3, 64 




Fullerton, William E. 
Goulding George W. . 


May 3, 64 


Goundry, Wm. W 
Holden Wm. W 




Hollister Geo. N 








Harrington, John 






Hill Jonas R 




Hill Elvin G 




Hobson Albion T 




Jackins Israel 




Jewett Chas H 





Jefferson, Ernest 


Johnson Wm R 


Mar. 25, 63 


Jefferson Rufus H 


Keen, Edwin 


18 
20 
37 
18 
30 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Feb. 13, 64 
May 23, 61 




Kelsey George B 




Kittel, Francis.. 


Dec. 21, 63 


Knowlton Geo. W 


Iieyde, Samuel F 




Leighton, Ephraim F 




Lowell Edwin B 


28 
25 
26 
24 
44 


May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 


May 3, 64 


Losee Wm H 


Mayo Reuben M 


McKenzie John 




McDonald, Chas 




McDonald, Chas. Jr 
Mitchell/Wm. D 
Middlestadt, Vincent 
Moss James R 


19 
25 
20 
27 
28 
18 
25 

"27" 
26 
22 
23 
28 
27 
26 
34 
20 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 18, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 








Mulvy, Booth C 




Northup, Geo. W 
Northup Charles 






O Brien, Henry D 
Pattison, Murdock 
Patterson, James 
Pride, John W 
Randall, Horace 




May 26, 61 
May 23, . 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Oct., 62 


Ray Francis 


May 3, 64 
Dec. 31, 62 


Russell, Obed 


Schumacher, Wm. E 
Scott, Harvey E 




Sears, Oscar Wilson 
Sherbrook. Calvin 






Sherman, Henry 


25 
21 
26 
24 
25 
23 
18 
33 
35 
22 
25 


May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 30, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 


Oct. 26, 63 
Jan. 7, 63 


Smith, Martin 


Smiley, Wm. W 


Stites, Samuel B 
Staples, Benjamin F 


May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 
Feb. 16, 64 


Stealson, Thomas 


Stites, Adam C 


Stewart, Geo. E 


May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 
May 3, 64 


Sutton, Stephen B 


Taylor, Patrick H 


Taylor, Mathew F 


Taylor, W. O 


Taylor, Isaac L 








Thatcher, Orville D 
Trevor, Joseph G 
Wakefield, Wm. L 


22 
27 
27 

28 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 


May 3, 64 

jan."**4, 64 

Aug. 7, 61 


Wardwell, John 


Waite, Daniel H 


23 

18 


May 26, 61 


Weaver Joseph 




Weaver, James E 


>o 






Weaver, Elijah 


31 
30 
23 
18 
25 


May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 26, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 3, 64 


Welin, Peter , 


White, John D. 


Jan. 9, 62 
Dec. 25, 61 
July 23, 62 


Winants George H. 


Wilson, Wm. W 



58 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY F, 



NAMES. 


1 

w 
e 

< 

30 
40 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
William Colvill, Jr 
John J. McCallum 
John Ball 


Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 29, 62 
May 6, 63 

Apl. 29, 61 
Jan. 8, 62 




Maj., Lt. Col., Col., Bvt. Brig. Gen.; wd. Glendale & Gettysburg. 
Serg. & 1st Lt. Co. G; wd. Fredericksburg; trans, to Inv. Corps. 
1st Lieut., 1st Serg. and 2d Lieut. Co. K; wounded at Bristow. 

Wounded and captured at Bull Run; Major 4th Minn. Vols. 
2d Lieut.; resigned; Inv. Corps. 
Transferred from and to Co. H. 
Sergeant, 1st Sergeant, 2d Lieutenant. 

1st Serg. Co. F, 1st Lieut. Co. H, Capt. Co. K. 
1st Serg. and 2d Lieut. Co. G; transferred to Sig. Corps; Major. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; discharged for disability. 
Killed at Antietam. 
Died May 27, 63, at Washington, D. C. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps Nov. 2, 68. 
Corp.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Antietam. 
Corp.; wounded at Flint Hill. 
Re-enlisted 1st Battalion. 
Serg.; discharged for promotion. 
Corp.; discharged for disability. 
Musician. 
Wounded at Bristow and Fredericksburg; trans, to 1st Batt. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corp. and Serg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion; wounded at Fredericksburg. 
Transferred from Co. G. 
Transferred to Battalion. 
Transferred to Kirby s Battery July 16, 62. 
Hospital Steward May 14, 63. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62; killed in Wilderness. 
Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 
Wagoner; wounded at Bull Run; Wagonmaster. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp., Serg.; -wounded at Bull Run. 
Serg.; wounded and captured at Savage Station. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to Jst Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corp.; iilled at Antietam. 
Died Aug. 31, 62, of wounds at Savage Station. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded and captured at Savage Station. 
Wounded at Fredericksburg, Flint Hill and Gettysburg. 
Corp transferred to Inv Corps Dec 1 63 


May 4, 64 


First Lieutenants 
A Edward Welch 


22 
23 


Mark A. Hoyt 


July 18, 62 
May 4, 64 
May 4, 64 


Hezekiah Bruce 


27 

20 
21 

25 
23 
18 


Sept. 26, 63 

Jan. 8, 62 
Aug., 61 

Apl. 29, 61 
May. 18, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Second Lieutenants 
Martin Maginnis 
Joseph H. Spencer 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abbott Marion 


Nov. 1, 63 


Abbott David P 


Adams, Charles E 
Alley John 




Harrow John.. 


30 
25 
18 
30 
22 
24 
29 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 
Feb. 11, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
Mch.28, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 22, 62 
Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 14, 62 
May 24, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 13, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 31, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
May 22, 61 
May 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 15, 61 
Sept. 16, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 29, 61 
Dec. 17, 61 
Sept. 12, 61 
May 16, 61 


Feb. 14, 63 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
May Pl 64 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 

Sept." 9 , 63 
Feb. 4, 63 
May 5, 64 


Baker, Abraham P 
Bambor, Archibald 


Bachelor, James F 


Barnes, Rudolph C 
Bayer, Andrew 


Borgh Peter 


Bevans Henry T 


22 
19 
18 
24 
32 
32 
26 

2l 

27 
22 
29 
21 
19 
20 
35 
24 
24 
27 
29 
33 
19 
25 
23 
21 
18 
35 

"23" 
25 
43 
28 

"2J" 


Bennett, Wm. D 


Berdan, Charles A 
Blackwell, Henry 
Bofferding, Peter G 
Benner Jefferson 






May 5, 64 


Bond Daniel 


Bondurant, Cyrus S 




Bond Hezekiah 


Broffee, James 




Brooks, Cyrus A 
Burritt, Henrv 






Burgetorf, Henry 
Brown John H 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
Dec. 18, 61 
May 6, 64 
May 5, 64 
Feb. 10, 63 


Cannon, Lewis 
Childs Henry R. 


Clark Calvin P 


Clausen, John 


Clifton Edward 


Clark, John 
Cox Edwin 






Davis, Edward E 


"July "6," 62 
May 5, 64 


Davis, Edward L . 


Davis Jonas P 


Davis, Almeron 
Daucher, George F 




Decker, Artemus L. M 
Duling, William... 




Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to Kirby s Battery. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bristow; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps June, 64. 

Died Aug. 10, 61, of wounds at Bull Run. 

Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 
Corp.; wounded at Savage Station. 
Perg.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Captured at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Killed at Fair Oaks. 
Wounded at Fredericksburg; trans, to Inv. Corps Dec. 19, 63. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run; deserted Sept. 17, 62. 
Captured at Bull Run; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corp.; killed June 29, 62, at Savage Station. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to Inv. Corps. 
Killed at Glendale. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Transferred to Signal Corps Aug. 18, 63. 
Discharged for disabilitv. 




Eastman, Christopher 
Eastman, Alva H 
Frary, Edrick J 


"June29, ; 62 


Flynn, Jonathan 
Garrison, Wm. H . 




Garrison, Joseph P 




Gilberson, Ole 


25 
28 
43 
21 
18 
22 
20 
35 
31 
21 
23 
19 
18 
20 
22 
18 
19 
21 

"24" 
26 
24 
23 
30 
18 
20 


May 16, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 29, 61 
Sept. 9, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
June 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Mch. 28, 64 
Apl 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 


Glazier, Aaron 


Gordon, Wm 
Grinnell, Geo. W. 


Aug. 20, 62 


Grow, Enos F 


May 5, 64 
Dec., 62 

AugVs VGi 


Harris, Charles N 
Hamlin, Philip 


Halsted.Hans 
Hammer, Nicholas 


Herbert, Wm. M 




Howe, Asa 




Hoffstetter, John W 
Hubbs. Charles L 
Hoyt, William H 
Hudson, Charles E 
luieson, James W 
Jackson, Elisha O 
Jacobs, Romulus E 
Jenkins, Erastus 
Johnson, Ole 


May "5 , 64 


June 20, 64 
Aug. 1, 61 


May "5, 64 


Johnson, Ferris 


King, Levi 




L,eeson, Robert W 
Leighton, Gardner D 
Lee, John M 


Mch" 10, 63 


Lewis, Geo. L 


""F<&"iX" G2\ 


Leamans, David H 



COMPANY G. 

ROSTER OF COMPANY F Continued. 



59 



NAMES. 


ri 

B 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 




% 


Apl 29 61 


Aug 31 6 9 




Lindergreen John 






Aug. 31, 62 




Ludden, Otis W 
Marshall, David 
McLenathan IraC 


16 
22 
3 > 


Apl. 2, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Aug. 1, 61 
July 6, 62 


Musician; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 


McGee Richard 


18 


Apl 29 61 






McKiiiley George 


?R 


May 23 61 






McGuire,HughG 
31etselder Dirk 


32 
21 


Mch.24, 6 4 
Apl 29 61 


May 5 64 


Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Merritt, Charles W 
Miller Frederick E 


23 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl 29 61 


May 5, 64 


Musician, Corp.; wounded at Bull Run. 


Milliken, Marcello B 
Mills, Charles W 
Mott Ransom 


21 
28 
?1 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 27, 61 


"Feb!" 20/63 
Feb. 17, 63 


Killed at Antietam. 
Discharged for disability. 
Dis. for disability wnd at Savage Station 1 arm amputated 


Nelson Paul 










Olsen Butler 


21 


Apl 29 61 




Transferred to U S Cav Oct 4 6 9 


Oscar, Ole 
Parker Edmond F. . . 


25 


May 29, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 


May 12, 63 


Wounded at Savage Station; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion 


Peterson Thotnas 


?6 


May 29 61 


May 5 64 




Peterson, Hans 




Feb. 14, 62 




Wounded at Savage Station* killed at Bristow 


Pitcher Eli F 


21 


Apl. 29, 61 




Wounded* transferred to U S Cav Oct ^4 6 -> 


Richardson, Josiab 
Riddle, Wm. C 


31 
19 


May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5/64 


Wounded at Fredericksburg. 
Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion 


Rush Hiraui I 


>8 


Apl. 29, 61 




Killed at Bull Run 


Sallee, James F 
Season Edwin 


25 
9^ 


May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 


May 5 64 


Killed at Bull Run. 


Schweiger, David 
Seamans, Daniel H ... 
Scofield Amos G 


18 
"<>]" 


Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 21, 61 


May 5/64 
Jan., 63 


Discharged for disability. 
Corp died Aug 18 61 of wounds at Bull Run 




25 


May 24 61 






Shay, Michael . . 


18 


May 24, 61 




Transferred to Cavalry re-enlisted in 1st Battalion 


Shadinger Win 






Mch 25 63 




Skinner, Hiram A 
Skinner Wm. J 


19 


May 29, 61 




Died at Fair Oaks June, 62. 
Died July 5 6 of disease 


Smith, John H 
Smith, Francis 


21 
97 


Apl. 29, 61 
Mch.30, 64 


Oct. 2, 61 


Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion 


Squire, Leonard J 


?4 


Apl. 29, 61 




Killed at Gettysburg. 


Standish, Merritt G 








Corp.- transferred to U. S. Cav Oct 4 62 


Steinberg, Adam . . 




Men. 29, 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion 


Syverson Amos 


21 


May 17 61 






Smith, Josiah R 


39 


Jan. 1/62 




Transferred to 1st Battalion 


Thomas, Elijah F 


9 1 


Apl. 29 61 




Died Sept 6 61 from wounds at Bull Run 


Underwood, James M 
"Webb Lester A 


22 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 





Killed at Bull Run. 
Transferred to U S Cav Oct 24 6 9 


Williams, John 


?7 


Apl. 29, 61 




Corp.; wounded at Antietam; discharged from general hospital. 


Willman, Martin 


30 


May 15, 61 




Corp.; killed June 29 62 at Savage Station 


Williams, E. Oscar. 


18 


Apl. 29, 6 1 




Serg.; transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 


Wood, Theodore A 
Wright, James A.... 


25 
29 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5/64 


Corp., Serg.; detailed with Division Quartermaster. 
Corp., Serg 1st Serg wnd at Gettvsburg Lieut 1st Batt 




i 









ROSTER OF COMPANY G. 



NAMES. 


H 

O 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 


39 
34 
35 

29 

40 

26 
21 

27 
26 

28 
20 
19 
29 
26 
20 
18 
24 
24 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
July 29, 61 
Aug. 8/61 

Oct. 19/63 
July 29, 61 

July 19, 62 
July 2/63 

Apl. 29, 61 
July 31, 61 

May 16, 61 
May 23/61 
Apl. 29/61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23/61 
Mch. 24/64 
Mav 23, 61 
MaV 22, 61 
Mav 23. 61 




Killed July 21, 61, at Bull Run. 
1st Lieut.; killed July 3, 63, at Gettysburg. 
Trans, from Co. D; resigned Oct, 7, 63; Paymaster; killed by 
guerrillas. 
1st Lieut. Co. A and G. 

Serg., Capt. Co. F; wounded at Fredericksburg; trans. Inv. 
Corps; Bvt. Maj. 
2d Lieut. Co. E.; resigned. 
Corp., 2d Lt.; wd. at Gettysburg and Bristow; trf. to Inv. Corps. 

Resigned. 
1st Serg.; trans, to Co. F.; trans, to Signal Corps. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 6th U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 
Corporal. 
Transferred to 6th U. S. Car. Oct. 24, 62. 


Nathan S. Messick 
Dewitt C. Smith 

Josias R. King 

First Lieutenants 
John J. McCallum 

James H. Shepley 
James DeGray 
Second Lieutenants 
William E. Smith 
Joseph H. Spencer 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Areman, Adam 




May 4/64 


Jan. 13, 63 


July 31/61 


May 5/64 
Oct. 9, 62 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Andress, Marvin D 
Bassett, Edward H 
Barton, Dana B 
Barren Norman B 


Baker, Jefferson G 
Babcock, James M 
Belote, James 
Benson, Chas. M 




May 5/64 


Bemis, Joseph G 



60 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTEE OF COMPANY G Continued, 



NAMES. 


a 


MUSTERED 
IN 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS 



18 



Bennett, Wm. D 

Borchert, Henry 

Boll, Fridelin 

Bondurant, Cyrus S 

Brook, Wm. A 

Brown, Wm.W 

Buckman, George R 

Case,MerrittB 

Carney, James H 

Card, William 

Coombs, Charles A 

Coen, Wm.G 

Crooker, Geo. W . .. 

Curtis,M.M 

Davison, Charles E 

Davis, Chas. C 

Dickinson, Frank 

Dunham, Phineas L 

Dubois, James L 

Ernst, Anthony W 

Farnsworth, Jerome 

Ferguson, Stephen E 

Gatzke, John ... 

Gibson, Francis 

Gifford, Samuel S | 22 

Goodrich, Jonathan I 21 

Gregg, Robert 21 

Gross, Oscar j 25 

Graves,David 18 

Hall, Philo I 19 

Haskell, Merritt 20 

Hanneman, Louis E 20 

Haskins, Ezra D ; 20 

Hausauer, Michael i 19 

Healey, Martin j 33 

Hess, Charles E 23 

Hollister,Edward 28 

House, Joseph L | 26 

Holther, John i 30 

Hopkins, George J 18 

Jackson, Caleb B 19 

Jewell, Benjamin H 19 

Johnson, Albert , 19 

Jones, Anthony 25 

Johnson, Stephen H 23 

Kenney, George A 22 

Knight, Edwin M 18 

Laird, Samuel 22 

Livingston, Francis F 24 

Lilly, Samuel j 20 

Logan, John D | 22 

Magee, George 21 

McKinstry, John 21 

McCulloch, Jonas G I 18 

Meyers, William j 26 

Miller, Asa 22 

Mosher, Ludwell J | 22 

Mollison, Allen 23 

Morford, Samuel D | 19 

Needham, Edward Z | 18 

Nichols, James L 19 

Northrup, Irvine W 23 

Olmsced, Geo. W 20 

Parker, Chas. C 24 

Patton, Merritt B 25 

Patterson, Martin 27 

Pearl, S. J 

Peasley, Joseph W. 

Phelps, Alvin 

Phillips, Edward P. 

Potter, Edward 

Potter, William 

Ramsey, William. 



Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, W 61 
Apl. 29, 61 



Sept. 18, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 



May 23, 61 



Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Mch.30, 64 
May 23, 61 
May 15, 61 
May 23, 61 
Aug. 26, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Mch.30, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 28, 61 
May 28, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 28, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 15, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Dec. 17, 61 
May 18, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 



. 

Ramsdell, Peter W 

Reed, Walters 

Reed, Neri 

Reed, Nathaniel 

Rhorer, John M 

Reynolds, Samuel 

Reynolds, Lewis G 

Roberts, Benjamin 

Rooks, Wm. A 

Russell, James E 

Sawyer, George P 

Sawyer, James T 

Schultz, Julius 

Bissler, Joseph 



Apl. 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Mch.22, 64 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Mch.24, 64 
May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29 , 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 29, 61 



Feb. 4, 63| 
May "5 , 64 



Feb4,63 
May "5" 64 



May 5, 61 
Aug. 8, 61 
Jan. 26, 62 



May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 



Feb. 6, 63 



May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
Dec. 16, 61 



May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 



Jan. 20, 63 
May 5, 64 

Dec." 237 61 

May 5, 64 

May 5, 64 

Aug. 3, 63 

Aug. 3, 61 

Aug. 3, 61 

Apl. 2, 63 



May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Dec. 8, V 



Jan. 14. 64 



May 5 64 
May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 
May" 5/64 



May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 
Jan. " 7, 63 



Jan. 10, 63 

Aug ."V61 

Aug. 13, 61 
May 5, 64 
Jan. 26, 62 

May " 5, 64 



May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 
Feb. 6, 63 

Jan! 1V63 
Feb. 14, 63 



Jan. 10, 6: 



Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 25, 62. 

Trans. Sept. 10, 61 to Co. F; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corporal, Sergeant. 

Wnd. at Bull Run; dis. for prom. Maj. of colored regiment. 

Wnd. at Gettysburg 1st Lieut. Heavy Artillery. 

Died June 2, 62, at Fair Oaks. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run; died Nov. 6, 62, at New York. 

Corp.; Com. Serg. 

Killed at Gettysburg. 

Wnd. at Bull Run; discharged for disability July 6, 63. 

Died Aug. 5, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 

Died July 5, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run 

Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 

Wagoner; discharged for disability. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged; wounded at Bull Run. 

Discharged for disability. 

Corp.; Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Musician; discharged. 

Bugler and Principal Musician. 

Discharged for disability. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. S Artillery. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corporal. 

Transferred to 6th U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 

Corporal. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg; discharged for disab. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Haymarket and Antietam; trans to Inv. Corps. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; discharged for disability. 

Died Aug. 22, 62. 

Division Wagonmaster. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corp.; wounded on picket. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Died Aug. 22, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Wounded at Antietam and Gettysburg. 

Corp.; transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; absent, sick, at disch.of regiment. 

Corporal. 

Absent, paroled prisoner, at discharge of regiment. 

Serg.; died July 14, 62, of disease. 

Transferred to U S. Engineers Oct. 25, 62. 

Serg.; Capt. in 1st Battalion. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died Aug. 21, 62. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Corporal. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for wounds at Bull Run. 

Corporal. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg; re-enlisted 1st Batt. 

Wounded at Bull Run. 

Re-enlisted 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Re-enlisted 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Fredericksbui 

Killed at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Antietam. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Killed at Gettysburg. 



irg; discharged for disability. 



COMPANY H. 
ROSTER OF COMPA.NY G Continued. 



61 



NAMES. 


H 
o 

<i 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Soule, Battus K 


31 
25 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Feb. 17, 63 


Wounded at Fredericksburg and Antietam; disch. for disab ty. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 


Strickland, Almond C 
Strothman John E.. 


23 

?8 


May 23, 61 
May 15, 61 


Aug. 3, 61 


Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Musician, Corp.; killed at Gettysburg. 


Taylor, Charles E 
Tiffany Edgar 


36 
?9 


Feb. 28, 64 
May 23, 61 


May 5, 64 


Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Musician. 


Thom George 


94 


May 23, 61 


May 5, 64 






27 


Apl. 29 61 


May 5 64 


Corporal, Sergeant. 


"Wattles, Richard M 
Wattles Leander 


20 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
Aug. 26, 61 


Jan. 3, 63 
Jan. 15, 63 


Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 


Welles, Henry G 


22 


Apl. 29, 61 


Nov. 28, 62 


Wounded at Savage Station; discharged for disability. 


Webster Chas E 


21 


May 23, 61 


Dec. 1, 62 


Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 


Whitney, Henry Clay 
Williams Theodore 


23 
22 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 23 61 


May 5, 64 


Sergeant, 1st Sergeant. 
Died Sept 24 62. 


Winchell Nathaniel . . .. 


90 


May 23, 61 


May 5, 64 




Williams, Geo. A 


94 


Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 


Sergeant. 


Wood, Luinan S 
Wood David 


23 
Vfi 


May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Corporal. 


Verplank, Edward E 


25 


Apl. 29, 61 


July 31, 61 


Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 



ROSTER OF COMPANY H. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Chas. P. Adams 



John N. Chase 

First Lieutenants 

Orrin T. Hayes 

Win. B. Leach 

Francis Baasen 

Martin Maginnis..., 

Myron Shepard 

Second Lieutenants 

Henry Hoover 

Jasper N. Searles 

George Boyd , 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Ackers, James 

Arnsden, Albert , 

Bates, William 

Baker, Allen 

Bauman, Franklin 

Berkman, William 

Bitke, Christian 

Boyce, Geo. E 

Bradbury, Geo. W .. . 

Brown, David W 

Brock, Andrew J 

Brock, Columbus 

Brown, Newton 

Bunker, Stephen F.... 

Cady, Henry C 

Canfield, Mortimer 

Cagger, Wilson 

Caniff,J 

Chase, Andrew J 

Clausen, John 

Clutch, David P 

Clifford, Jeremiah 

Conley,Wm. I 

Collins, Peter 

Crandall, Dennis 

Cronkhite, Samuel S.. 

Cross, David C 

Cummings, Wm. W... 

Dayton, Samuel 

Dewey, Benjamin P... 

Downs, Thomas 

Drondt, Kellian 

Dyer, Joshua 

Eaton, William 

Einson, Sear 

Ellis, Aaron G 

Erdman, Geo. A 

Estes, Israel H 



26 



20 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Apl. 30, 61 
Sept. 26, 62 

Apl. 30, 61 
July 29, 61 
Feb. 24, 62 
Sept. 17, 62 
July 4/63 

July 29, 61 
Jan. 10, 62 



Apl. 29/61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 



May 15, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 

Api."29," 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Men. 24, 64 
Dec. 26, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
May 23, 61 
Mch.24, 64 
May 15, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 5, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 20, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



REMARKS. 



May 4, 64 
July 29, 61 



Jan. 8, 62 



Dec. 21, 61 
Aug. 5, 61 
May 5, 64 
Dec. 23, 62 
May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 



Dec. 24, 61 
Dec. 15, 61 
Feb. 6, 63 
May 5, 64 



Nov. 8, 62 
May 5, 64 
May 23, 63 



Feb. 3, 63 
Jan!"V62 



Aug. 12, 61 
May 1, 63 
Sept. 62 
May 5, 64 



Jan. 23, 63 
Feb. 14, 63 



Maj., Lt. Col., Bvt. Brig. Gen.; wnd. Bull Run, Malvern, Antie 
tam and Gettysburg. 
1st Lieut, and 1st Serg. Company E. 

Resigned. 

2d Lieut., Adjt., Capt. and A. A. G. to Gen. Dana, Feb, 23, 62. 

Priv.; appointed Q. M. July 10, 62. 

2d Lieut. Co. F.; Capt. Co. K July 28, 63. 

Serg. Co. B.; 2d Lieut. Co. H.; transf. to and from Co. F. 

1st Serg.; resigned. 

Priv.; 1st Lieut. Co. K; Capt. Co. G. 

Transferred to Co. E Jan. 23, 63; 1st Lieut. Co. I. 

Serg.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Deserted while absent, sick. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Killed at Antietam. 

Transferred to Inv. Corps Aug., 63. 

Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Killed at Antietam. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Serg.; wounded Bull Run; killed Oct. 27, 61, accid.dis. of gun. 

Wagoner; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for promotion in regular army. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run. 

Corp. and Serg.; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Discharged for disability. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62. 



62 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTEE OF COMPANY H Continued. 



NAMES. 


w 
o 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 






Apl 29 61 




Wounded at Antietanv killed at Gettysburg 


Everts Wm W 


23 


Apl 29* 61 




Wounded at Antietanr transferred to U S Cavalry Oct 24 62 


Farnsworth, Allen C 


42 

to 


Nov. 5, 61 
May 22 61 


Jan. 9, 62 


Discharged for disability. 


Fritz Alvis 


39 


May 22 61 








25 


Apl 29 61 




Killed in battle 


Geering, Robert 
Getchell, Daniel W 
Ghostly, James T 


32 
18 
22 
26 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
June 2, 61 
Feb 27, 64 


Nov. 2, 62 
Jan. 2, 62 
May 5, 64 


Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion 


Harris John 


19 


Apl. 29, 61 


Jan. 26, 62 


Wounded at Bull Run- discharged for disability 


Harrown Geo. T 


18 


Apl. 29, 61 




Transferred to U S Cavalry Oct 24 62 




37 


May 23 61 


Mch. 17, 63 


Discharged for disability 


Harmon, Ransom 
Hainlin Ernst 


27 
21 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 6, 64 
July 5, 62 


Discharged for disability 




22 


Apl 29 61 




Died July 6 62 of disease 


Helmer Jeremiah 


19 


Apl. 29, 61 


Feb. 20 63 


Wounded at Bull Run and Antietanv discharged for disab 


Hess, Greenhalt 


26 


Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 


Wounded at Antietam. 


Heard AlonzoR 


22 


May 15, 61 




Transferred to Signal Corps Aug. 12 61 


Koag Charles M 


26 


Apl 29 61 


Nov 2 62 




Hoag, F. W 


18 


Men. 28, 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Hunnybun, Thomas 
Hubbard, Henry A 
Johnson Samuel . 


43 
20 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Mch. 10, 64 


Dec. 17, 61 
Dec. 15, 61 


Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion 


Keating Robert 


18 


Apl. 29 61 


June 19 61 




Kendall, Julien 


20 


Apl. 29, 61 




Discharged for disability. 


Keating, Lawrence 
Keelty,JohnK 
Kreitler John 


28 
24 
35 


May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 
Nov 6 61 


May 5, 64 
Mch. 26, 62 


Wounded at Antietam. 
Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to inv Corps Sept. 11 63. 


Ijawton, Wesley 


20 


May 22, 61 




Musician. 


Leathers Charles 


24 


Apl. 29, 61 


May 5 64 


Wounded at Bristow. 


Lindergreen, H. W 
Lowe, Henry A 


25 
29 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


July 23, 62 
May 5 64 


Discharged for disability. 
Corp.* Serg wounded at Bristow. 


Mahoney James 


35 


Apl 29 61 






Mathews, Adolph 
Macar John 


38 
31 


May 18, 61 
May 23 61 


Aug. 5, 61 


Discharged for disability. 


Mansfield, Charles 
Mars, John R 


32 
27 


May 23, 61 
May 16 6] 


May 5 64 
May 5 64 


Wounded at Bull Run. 
Corporal 1st Sergeant. 


Mead Frank J 


22 


May 24 63 




Corp transferred to Company B May 17, 62. 


Meyer, John 


35 


May 23, 61 




Transferred to Inv. Corps July, 63. 


Mosburger Jacob 


19 


May 15 61 


Feb 14 63 


Wounded at Bull Run* discharged for disability. 


Munson, M. C 


26 


Feb. 29, 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Myers, Frederick 


19 


Apl 29 61 




Transferred to U S Cavalry Oct 24, 62. 


O Neil, Charles C 
Owen, Apollua E 


20 
19 


May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Dec. 8, 62 

Nov 6 62 


Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam- discharged for disability. 


Owen, Earl P 
Panehalt, Geo F 


25 
21 


Oct. 11, 61 
May 23, 61 


Mch. 21, 63 


Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Killed at Antietam. 


Preston, Wallace M 
Pusey Joseph F 
Raymond, Frederick W... 


18 
27 
19 


No?. 6, 62 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Mch. 10, 63 
Dec. 1/62 


Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysbung. 


Ratch, William 


34 


Apl. 29, 61 




Absent sick, on discharge of regiment. 


Ragey, Robert 


38 


Apl. 29, 61 




Died Sept.-18, at Alexandria, Va. 


Ridge Joseph 


23 


May 20 61 


May 5 64 




Roundtree, James... . 


29 


Apl. 29. 61 




Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 64. 


Ryan, Patrick 


19 


May 31, 61 


May 5, 64 




Rye, Charles 


35 


Feb. 27, 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Sastrow, Walter 


24 


Apl. 29 61 


May 5 64 




Schultz, Peter 


25 


Feb. 19 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Shetts, Charles 
Shafer, John C 


22 
18 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


May 5, 64 


Corp., Serg.; transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 24, 62, 


Sholl,John 


32 


Nov. 5, 61 




Killed at Antietam. 


Simons, Edwin B 


4 


Apl. 29, 61 




Wounded at Bull Run and Antietam. 


Snitsinger, Jabez 


22 


May 23, 61 




Killed at Bull Run. 


Starckloffe Herman 


9q 


Mch. 28, 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Sunbay, G. G 


27 


Feb. 27, 64 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Truax, Robt. J 


18 


Apl. 29, 61 


June 17, 61 


Discharged by writ of habeas corpus. 


Tucker, Charles M 
Twiggs, David 


23 
?5 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 61 


Dec. 8, 62 
Aug. 5, 61 


Corp., Serg.; wnd. Fair Oaks; discharged for disab. 
Discharged for disability. 


Twitchell, Newton H 
Vace, HP 


18 


May 20, 61 


July 25, 62 
Feb 1 1 63 


Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 


VanValkenberg, Noah 
"Webster, Solon 


18 
SS 


May 18, 61 
May 22, 61 


Dec. 9, 61 
Aug. 9, 92 


Musician; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 


White, John 


29 


Apl 29 61 




Absent, sick, on discharge of regiment. 


Whalen, Martin S 


37 


Feb. 25, 61 




Transferred to 1st Battalion. 


Wicoff, Wm: H 


*>fi 


May 23 64 




Serg.- killed at Gettysburg. 


Wixon, JohnW, 
Wingett, Oliver 


21 
>1 


May 22, 61 
Feb. 21 62 


Aug. 8, 62 


Discharged for disability. 
Died Aug. 5, 62, of disease in Virginia. 


Wood, Edward L 


18 


Apl. 29 61 




Sergeant. 


Toung, Alonzo I 
Youmans, Michael 


36 
19 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 




Serg.; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 













COMPANY I. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY I. 



63 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 

Captains 

John H. Pell 

Wilbur F. Duffy 

First Lieutenants 

Joseph Harley 

Samuel T. Raguet 

George Boyd 

Second Lieutenants 

Charles B. Halsey 

, C.Edward Davis 

; Waldo Farrar 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abbott Henry 

Baker, Nahum C 

Bartlett, Ransom A 

Bledin, Nathan S 

Boyd, Jehial W 

Brown, Frank S 

Burnham, Rollin M 

Coflin, David A 

Carlson, Carl M 

Canfield.Wm. O 

Cannon, James 

Carroll, Thomas 

Cariguet, Bartholomew... 

Canfield, Amos 

Churchill, John M 

Clark, Lev! 

Colyer, Andrew H 

Coleman, James 

Conner, Thomas..... 

Colemau, Henry 

Cooper, John 

Crandall, Dennis 

Cureneff, Patrick S 

Davis, Albert S 



Dechanette, Alfred 

Dilly, Stephen B 

Donevan, Jeremiah 

Dwelle, Thomas M 

Ellison, Augustus 

Ellis Philander C 

Enery, Levi 

Erwin, Alexander 

Ferris, Myron I 

Fisher. Chas. K 

Fisk, VanH 

Fox, John 

Fernirod, Francis 

Freeze. Jacob F 

Frey, Joseph 

Gorman, Richard L 

Hancock, Allen H 

Harris, Wesley 

Harden, Anson R 

Hale Edward P 

Hendricks, Marcus L 

Hetherington, James W.. 

Hendricks, F. M 

Hickey, John 

Hitt, Thadeus N 

Howell.Wm. D 

Hutchins, Daniel 

Jackson, Benjamin 

Johnson, Andrew 

Johnson, Nelson 

Johnson, John A 

Jones, Ambrose 

Keeler, George S 

Keis, Daniel 

Kerrott, Edwin M 

Kenney, Mark 

Ketchum, George W 

Kline, George 

Knight, Oliver M 



Lawson, Herman 

Lavercombe, John 

Lessiug, Ferdinand 

Lent, Benjamin 

3Iason, Charles F 

McKey, John H 

McClay.John 

Miller, George 

Miller, Frederick 

Milliken, George A 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Apl. 29, 61 



Apl. 30, 61 
Aug. 8, 61 



Apl. 30, 61 
Nov. 18, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



REMARKS. 



Mch.26, 63 Resigned. 

May 4, 64 1st Lieutenant Co. C. 



May 4, 64 
Nov. 15, 61 



May 22, 61 
May 26, 61; 
Apl. 29, 61, 
May 24, 61 
May 24, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
May 26, 61 ! 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 28, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Sept. 14, 61 
Men. 29, 64 



May 5, 64 
Aug. 1, 61 



Apl. 29, i 
May 24, 61 

Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 2J, 61 
May 23, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
Dec. 18, 61 
May 26, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
Sept. 14, 61 
May 30, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 30, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 24, 
Sept. 28, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
Dec. 27, 61 
May 22, 61 
Dec. 17, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 30, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
June 4, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 31, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 23, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 

Apl. 29, 61 
Mch. 30, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 22, 61 



Dec. 16, 61 



Mch.29, 64 



May 5, 64 
May 5 64 
Nov. 27, 62 
Dec. 15, 63 

Feb""l5, 63 
May 5, 64 



..) Feb. 4, ( 



May 5, 64 
Mch. 5 , 63| 
May 5, 64 
Feb. 7, 63 



Apl. 18, 62 
Jan. 27, 63 



Feb. 16, 63 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 



Wounded at Bull Run; resigned July 31, 61. 
Transferred from Co. C and to Co. E. 
2d Lieut. Cos. E and H. 

Resigned. 

Promoted Capt. Co. E July 3, 63. 

1st Berg.; killed at Gettysburg. 



Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to Co. G. 
Transferred to 4frh U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 
Deserted June, 61, at Fort Snelling. 
Discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg., Serg. Major, 1st Lieut, in Co. A. 
Musician. 
Corporal. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Fair Oaks; discharged for wounds. 
Discharged per order. 
Transferred to Co. B Feb. 21, 62. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corporal. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Killed at Bull Run. 

Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 
Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged for disability. 
Killed at Bull Run. 

Wnd. at Bull Run; trans, to Co. B; Corp. and Serg. Major; 1st 
Lieut. Co. A. 

Serg.; discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Wounded at Bull Run; killed June 13, 62, near Fair Oaks. 

Wounded at Bull Run; killed at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for wounds at Bull Run. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run. 
Died Aug. 2, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run; killed at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for promotion 1st Lieut, in 34th N. Y. Vols. 
- "ill Run. 



Wounded at Bu 

Died April, 64. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Bull Run. 

Died of wounds received at Gettysburg Sept. 12, 63. 

Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Deserted June 9, 61, at Fort Snelling. 

Died July 22, 62. 

Deserted Sept. 6, 63, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 
May 16, 63i Discharged for disability. 
I Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Transferred to Co. H Feb. 1, 62. 

Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 



May 5 , 64 

May 5, 64 

Dec. 3," 61 

May 5, 64 



Feb. 7, 63 
Oct. 2, 63 

May 5, 64 



Nov. 16, 63 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 



Feb. 26, 64 

Apl. 29, 611 

May 24, 61 Dec. 28, 63 
Apl. 29, 61 Dec. 15, 63 



Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Wounded. 

Wounded at Antietam; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Serg.; wnd. at Gettysburg; dis. for pro. Prov. Marshal 1st Div. 

25th Corps. 

Corp.; wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Absent on detached service on discharge of regiment. 
Wounded; discharged per order. 
Wounded at Bull Run. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Discharged per order. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; discharged for disability. 



64 



THE FIRST REGIMENT. 
ROSTEE OF COMPANY I Continued. 



NAMES. 


K 
O 
< 

27 
23 

27 
31 
38 
35 
21 
20 
18 
26 
19 
21 
21 
21 
19 
20 
21 
19 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Miller Ernst L F 


May 30, 61 
June 1, 61 
June 2, 61 
June 3, 61 
May 29, 61 
Mch. 14, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 30, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 29, 61 
May 4, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 




Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Killed Oct. 22, 61. on skirmish at Edwards Ferry. 
Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 

Absent on detached service. 
Corp., Serg.; died Feb. 3, 63, of disease. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 
Died July 14, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 
Died July 4, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 4th U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 62. 

Died June 13, 62. 
Wounded at Bull Run; died Nov. 4, 62, at Harper s Ferry. 
Died July 22. 62. 
Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Corp., Serg.; died of wounds received at Gettysburg. 
Wounded. 
Killed at Bull Run. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 
Transferred to Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 23, 63. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Corporal. 
Corp.; transferred to Co. G. 
Wagoner; killed at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 
Absent on detached service. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 
Died Aug. 27, 63, of wounds at Gettysburg. 


Milne, John O 


Dec. 16, 61 


Mitchell, Lewis F 
Murray John W 


Dec. 7, 61 
Jan. 30, 63 






O Neil James . . .. 




Orcutt Henry C 


May 5, 64 


Orcutt, Freeman 
Organ George A 




Paul Wm L 




Paul Ed win 




Parsons Henry * 


Peck Wm N 




Pendergast Lloyd G. . 




Phil brook Wm B 


May 6, 64 


Pickett, Corwin 
Pittenger, James Q 
Pickett Thomas C 




Price Edward B . . . 


41 

27 
21 
27 
31 
27 
33 

"37" 


May 22, 61 
Apl. 29 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
June 3, 61 
Apl. 29 61 


May 5, 64 
Mch. 27, 63 
May 6, 64 
May 5, 64 


Putnam Wm A 


Rabaca, Herman 
Richards Wm K. 


Eoe Wm J 


Schweizer, Michael 
Schimeck, Anton E 
Scurry, James 
Schweigert, William 
Seymour, Samuel O. K 


May 30, 61 
May 24, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mch. 23, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
Mch. 30, 64 
May 24, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 26, 61 
May 31, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 24, 61 
May 28, 61 
Sept. 28, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 24, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 26, 61 


May 6, 64 


"May""V64 


Smith, George M. . . . 


19 
43 
18 
25 
21 
24 
44 
23 
26 
22 
23 
28 
23 
23 
38 
18 
41 
18 




Soper Palmer 


Dec. 15, 61 
May 6, 64 
Feb. 10, 63 


Soper, Edmund 
Strandt Sivert 


Stull, William 


Sutliff Omar H 


May 5 64 
May 5, 64 

May" 5, " 64 


Sullivan, John 


Veon, Edmund 


"Weaver, Daniel S 
Wells, Henry G 


Welch Byron . 




Weaver, George 
Whitcomb Milo S 


May 5, 64 
Feb. 14, 63 
Jan. 20, 64 


Widger, Henry 


Winkelman, Edward E 
Woodard Oscar 




Worthington, Wm H 
Wellman, William F 


May 5, 64 


ROSTER OF COMPANY K. 



NAMES. 


H 
O 
<J 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Henry C Lester 


29 


Apl 30 61 


Nov 15 61 


Pro. Col 3d Minn. Inf. 


Gustavus A. Holtzborn.. 
Joseph Periam 


32 


Nov. 15, 61 
Sept 17 62 




1st Lieut.; killed Sept. 17, 62, at Antietam. 
1st and 2d Lieut.; died July 7, 63, at Gettysburg, of wounds. 


Martin Maginnis 




July 8, 63 


May 4, 64 


1st Lieut. Co. H., 2d Lieut, and 1st Serg. Co. F. 


first Lieutenants 
Jasper N Searles 








2d Lieut, and Priv. Co. H; Capt. Co. G. 


David A. Coflin 






May 4, 64 


Transferred from Co, A. 


Second Lieutenants 
John Ball 


25 


Nov 15 61 




1st Serg , 1st Lieut, and Capt. Co. F; wounded at Bristow; 


William Lochren 


29 


Sept 22 "62 




Lieut. Col. llth Minn. 
Serg and Jst Lieut. Co. E. 


ENLISTED MEN. 

Abell William H 


*>1 


May 22 61 




Re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 


Alderson John 


21 


May 22 61 


Mch 26 6 


Wounded and captured at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 


Allred, Levi J 
Andrus, Charles H 
Badgely John J 


31 
26 
21 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23 61 


May 5, 64 
Aug. 10, 61 
Nov 25 61 


Corp., Serg., Lieut. 1st Heavy Artillery. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged for disability. 


Babcock, James M 


9^ 


May 22* 61 




Transferred to Inv. Corps Dec. 1, 63. 


Barton Wm J 


18 


Apl 29 61 




Wounded at Bull Run. 


Best, Baltasar 


9^ 


Apl. 29 61 


May 5, 64 


Wounded at Bristow. 


Behr, Chas 


28 


Apl 29 61 




Wounded at Gettysburg. 


Beals, William 


?4 


May 22, 61 


May 5, 64 




Berry Noah F 


23 


May 22 61 




Transferred to Inv. Corps Dec. 1, 63. 


Bingham, Horatio S 
Boyson, Henry 
Bourne, Chardon 


23 
23 
27 


Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29 61 
May 22, 61 


Oct. 2, 62 
May 5, 64 
May 5, 64 


Serg.; discharged per order; Capt. 2d Cav. 



COMPANY K. 

ROSTEE OF COMPANY K Continued. 



65 



NAMES. 



Boardman, Charles B... 
Brockway, Stephen R., 

Brink, Hiram A 

Burgess, George N 

Burton, Ephraim P 

Burgess, Samuel M 

Carpenter, Alfred P 

Casey, Edward 

Caulkin, Gavin E 

Chapman, Edgar 

Chase, Wm. B 

Churchill, Wm. H 

Chandler, Joseph C 

Countryman, Chas. C... 

Coy, Wm. A 

Colburn, Alfred 

Crippen, Joseph M 

Day, John 

Dribblebiss, John 

Drayne, Daniel 

Dud ley, David B 

Durfee, George H 

Durfee, Jason 

Durfee, Chester H 

Durr. Israel 

Eaton, Joseph S 

Einfeldt, John 

Ely, Charles E 

Evans, John J 

Fajans, Julius 

Flemming, W H 

French, James H 

Oeorge, Andrew 

Geisreiter, Jacob 

Goddard, Charles E 

Gore, Leslie P 

Grimm, Fritz 

Harding, Hiram 

Hanson, Lewis 

Hill, Josephs 

Holland, Alpnzo 

Iverson, Erick 

.Johnson, Geo. F 

Keiley, Timothy 

Kennedy, Mack J 

Kenniston, Alfred 

Ketchum, Cornelius.... 

Kinnen, Mathias 

Kinyon, Wm H 

Knapp, Byron C 

]Lacy, Grigen R 

Lincoln, Charles E 

Lincoln, Joseph 

Lynn, John 

Martin, Wm A 

Manning, John 

Marvin, Mathew 



H MUSTERED 



IN. 



Martin, Stephen E 

Mclntyre, Malcolm 

McDonnell, Allen 

Merritt, John G 

Moore, Zuar E 

Moore, Oliver W 

Moore, John 

Morton, Henry 

Nicklin, Samuel 

North, Charles 

Palmer, John W 

Patton, William.... 

Pfimd, William 

Pickle, Alonzo 

Raymond, George , 

Raig, W.R 

Reynolds, James J 

Remore, Elijah 

"Richardson, James O.. 

Rowley, Edward A 

Sargent, Wm G 

Seeley, James A 

Shaw, Alexander 

Sheeks, Franklin 

Sherman, Wm M 

Smith, Elbridge 

Smith, Geo. C 

Smith, Samuel 

Smith, Augustus H 



May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 11, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Fe.b. 27, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 



May 22, 61 
May 29., 61 
Nov. 4, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 23, 61 
Aug. 26, 
Jan. 25, 62 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 62 
May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 20, 6 
May 22, 6 
Apl. 29 , 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 6 
Apl. 29, 6 
Dec. 16, 6 
May 22, 6 
Nov. 18, 61 
May 22, 6 
Mch. 18, 64 
Apl. 29, 6 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 26, 6 
Nov. 18, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 18, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 

May 22, 61 
Apl. 26, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 23, 6: 
May 23, 6: 
Apl. 29, 6 
Apl. 29, 6 
May 22, 6 
Apl. 29, 6 
Aug. 14, 6: 
Apl. 29, 6 
Feb. 9, 64 
Apl. 29, 6 
Apl. 29, 6 
Mav 23, 6 
May 22, 6 
May 22, 6 
Apl. 29, 6 
May 23, 6 
May 23, 6 
Dec. 2, 6 
Apl. 29, 6 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29 , 61 
Nov. 25, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



May 5, 64 
Nov. 10, 61 



Jan. 27, 63 
Sept. 24, 63 



May 5, 64 



Feb. 18, 63 
Aug. 23, 62 



Apl. 10, 63 
May 5, 64 



May 5, 64 



May 5 , 64 
May 6, 64 
Nov. 28, 62 
May 4, 62 
July 13, 61 



REMARKS. 



May 5, 64 



Aug. 2, 61 
May V64 
May "5 , 64 



Nov. 13, 62 
Aug. 14, 62 

May "5J 64 

May 5 , 64 
Nov. 27, 61 



Sept. 6, 62 
May "5, 64 



May 5, 64 

May 5, 64 

Jan. 8, 62 

May 5, 64 



Feb. 7, 63 
Dec! 18, ; 62 
Apl" "s, 64 
Aug."25, 61 
Aug. i, 61 



May 5, 64 



May 5, 

May" 5 64 
May 5, 64 

Jan. 15, 63 
Dec. 21, 61 



Wounded at Fredericksburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Serg.; re-enlisted in 1st Battalion. 

Corp., Color Serg.; killed at Savage Station. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg.; wnd. at Antietam and Gettysburg; Lt in col d regt. 

Transferred to U. S. Light Art. Oct. 24, 62. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Sergeant. 

Transferred to U. S. Light Art. Oct. 24, 62. 

Captured; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Antietam; transferred to 7th U. S. Inf. 

Wounded at Antietam; discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. 8. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 

Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 

Wagoner; discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; died Oct. 6, 62, of wounds, at Antietam. 

Wounded at Bull Run; died at Richmond. 

Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Died of wounds at Gettysburg. 

Wounded at Bull Run and Gettysburg. 

Corp., Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Serg.; discharged for disability. 

Corp.; discharged for promotion as Hospital Steward. 

Discharged for disability. 

Deserted June, 62. 

Deserted July 27, 61, at Washington, D. C. 

Killed at Gettysburg. 

Corp.; -wounded at Gettysburg. 

Corp.; killed at Gettysburg. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for promotion. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Musician. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion. 

Corp.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged per order. 

Discharged for disability. 

Sent to general hospital Mch. 28, 62. 

Musician. 

Wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged for disability. 

Sent to general hospital; trans, to 9th Minn. Vols. 

Discharged per order. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. S. Cavalry Oct. 21, 62. 

Killed at Antietam. 

Wounded at Antietam. 

Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; wounded at Bull Run, Harrison s Land- 

ing and Gettysburg. 
Corporal. 



Discharged per order. 
Serg.; wounded at Bull Run. 



Serg.; killed at Bull Run. 

Corp.; transferred to U. S. Light Artillery Oct. 24, 62. 

Discharged for disability. 

Killed at Bull Run. 

Wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 

Corp., Serg., 1st Serg.; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Discharged per order. 

Wounded at Bull Run; sent to general hospital Oct. 62. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to Battalion. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 62. 
Transferred to Inv. Corps. 

Wounded and captured at Bull Run. 

Corp.; discharged per order. 

Corp.; transferred to U. S. Light Artillery Oct. 24, 62. 

Wounded at Fair Oaks and Fredericksburg. 

Wounded at Antietam; transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 27, 62. 
Discharged for promotion U. S. Top. Eng. Corps. 
Discharged for disability. 

-- . discharged for disability. 



Dec. 22, 61 j Wounded at Bull Run 
I Killed at Gettysburg. 



66 



THE FIRST REGIMENT AND BATTALION. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY K Continued. 



NAMES. 


H 

4 

25 
24 
31 
18 
24 
21 
24 
28 
21 
18 
21 
21 
17 


MUSTERED 
IK. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Smith, Win 


Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Nov. 20, 62 
May 23, 61 
Mch.30, 64 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 23, 61 
Dec. 16, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
Mch.31, 64 




Corp.; killed at Antietam. 
Discharged in hospital. 
Corp.; wounded at Bull Run; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Discharged per order. 
Discharged for disability. 
Discharged from hospital. 
Transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 
Wounded at Bristow. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Gettysburg; transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Wounded at Fair Oaks; discharged for disability. 
Wounded at Gettysburg. 
Killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Vienna; discharged for disability. 
Corp.; transferred to U. S. Cav. Oct. 24, 62. 
Transferred to 1st Battalion. 
Killed Sept. 1 62, in action near Flint Hill. 
Wounded at Antietam; killed at Gettysburg. 
Discharged for disability. 
Corp.; killed at Gettysburg. 
Wounded at Bull Ru n. 


Stebbins Samuel E 


Nov. 28, 62 


Sully John W 


Taylor, David 
Tallman S F 










Terril Israel M . 


Aug. 3, 61 


Tennison, Reuben 
Thompson, Aaron J .,..... 
Thorp John 


"May"5 ," 64 


Tolby Ed . 




Truesdale, Andrew J 
Towner James 


23 


Dec. 24, 61 


Nov. 28, 62 


Vosz, Peter 


23 

38 
27 
20 
23 
29 
30 
20 


May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
May 22, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
May 23, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 
May 22, 61 
Apl. 29, 61 


Oct. 14, " 63 


TVarner Warren . 


Walden, Lucius F 


Wentworth W 




Winchell.WmB 
Winters, Henry C 
Woodward, Frank 
Wright Randolph. 




Nov. 27, 61 


Zimmerman, Chris 


May 5, 64 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS OF THE FIRST BATTALION. 



NAMES. 


H 



3j 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Lieutenant Colonel 
Mark W. Downie 
Major 
Charles F.Hausdorf 
Adjutant 
James H. Place 
Quartermaster 
John W. Pride 
Surgeon 
John B. Le Blond 
Assistant Surgeon 
Charles H. Spear 


29 

32 
26 


Apl. 6, 65 
May 2, 65 
July 1, 65 
July 1, 65 
May 17, 65 
July 1, 65 
Mch.14, 65 
Apl. 1, 64 

Mch. 15, 65 
Mch.24, 64 

Dec. 21, 63 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 


Maj. 1st Minn.; com. Col. of Battalion. 
Vet., 1st Lieut, and Capt. Co. B; com. Lieut. Col. of Battalion. 
Priv. Co. D; Serg. Maj. 
Vet., Serg.Maj. 
Surg. 1st Minnesota. 
Vet. Co. B, Minn. Sharpshooters; Hospital Steward. 
Priv. Co. I. 

Priv. Co. D; transferred to Co. F. 
Vet., Priv. Co. B July 1, 65. 

Veteran. 


Sergeant Major 
Hugo Reed. 


21 
18 

30 


Quartermaster Sergeant 
David L. Morgan 


Commissary Sergeants 
Quinton Bunch 
Samuel S. Tenney 
Hospital Steward 
Albert Little 





ROSTER OF COMPANY A. 



NAMES. 


a 
3 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
James C. Farwell 
Henry D. O Brien 


31 
22 


May 5, 64 

Apl 10 65 


Dec. 7, 64 
July 14 65 


Vet.; discharged per order; Brevet Maj. 
Vet wnd Deep Bottom Au<*. 14, 64; 2d Lt. Co. B; com. Maj. 


First Lieutenants 
Chesley B. Tirrell 
Charles C. Parker 


26 

?7 


May 12, 64 
Dec. 26, 64 


Dec. 15, 64 


Vet.; discharged for wounds received Petersburg June 18, 64. 
Vet., 2d Lieut., Capt. Co. C. 


Thomas H. Pressnell 


?1 


Apl. 1, 65 




Vet , 1st Serg., 2d Lieut., Capt. Co. B. 


Second Lieutenant 
John W. Pride 




Apl. 24 65 


July 14 65 


Vet Serg Maj Q. M. 


ENLISTED MEN. 

Abel, John 
Abbott, Elza S 


20 

25 


Jan. 1, 62 
Mch 9 65 


Dec. 31, 64 
July 14 65 


Veteran. 


Adams, William 
Alpers, J. H. A 
Allyn Joshua 


19 
27 
33 


Apl. 1, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch 3 65 


July 14 65 


Died Sept, 1, 64, at White Hall, Pa. 
Vet., Corp., Serg.; pris. of war; absent on dis. of battalion. 


Baker, Charles B 
Baker, Jefferson G 
Babcock, James M 


26 
23 

18 


Jan. 9, 64 
Apl. 5, 64 
Mch. 25, 64 


Aug. 4, 65 
"July li , 65 


Vet.; captured near Petersburg; paroled; dis. per order. 
Vet.; died in rebel prison. 
Vet., Corp.; wounded June 22, 64, Petersburg. 



COMPANY A. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY A Continued. 



67 



NAMES. 



11 



Baldwin, Jerome 

Bennett, Theodore A 

Bennett, Win. P , 

Benson, Halver 

Bertram, James 

Blauchard, Chas. C 

Blackwell, Henry 

Blake, George 

Blakely.Wiu 

Boney, Sylvester 

Bofferding, Peter G 

Boan, Dudley A 

Brown, Henry J. W 

Brown, Wm. \V 

Brady, Thomas 

Brown, Frederick A 

Brown, John J 

Carney, James II 

Carpenter, Edson 

Christianson, Ole 

Chisholm, Daniel 

Cien, Jacob 

Clark, George B 

Clancy, Daniel 

Clifton, Edward 

Clark, Charles I 

Clark, Levi 

Clark, John 

Close, Theodore A 

Cook, William H 

Collins, Jeremiah 

Coombs, William 

Coombs, Charles A 

Crist, John J 

Devlin, Michael 

Doran, Nelson 

Doughty, Asa B 

Donlan, Thomas , 

Eastman, Rufus M 

Ellsworth, Charles B 

Erickson, Edward 

Evanston, Andrew 

Farrington, William F 

Farquhar, John 

Farrand, Frank J 

Fisher, Charles K 

Fisher, Jacob 

Fuller, Lyman R 

Geiser, Frederick 

George, Jacob 

Ghostly, Henry 

Gibbs, Gates 

Gifford, Samuel S 

Gould, Aaron 

Gunralson, Hans 

Gunderson, Ole 

Graffhain, Francis 

Hanson, Charles W 

Hayford, Faxon 

Harvey, Julius 

Haskell, Merritt 

Henderson, Thomas D 

Herrick, John G 

Irvine, Theodore A 

Jackson, Benjamin 

Jacobson, Martin 

Jenkins, Erastus 

Jennings. John 

Jenkins, Frank M 

Jones, Ambrose 

Jones, Henry 

Johnson, John 

Johnson, Soren 

Joy,Wm. A 

Johnson, Wm. H 

Johnson, Geo. F 

Kerr, John 

Ketchum, George W 

Kuhn, George M 

Kramer, Sigismond 

Latourell, Reuben O 

Lacher, John J 

Lang,James 

Lemmer, Peter 

Leonard, Maurice F 

Lewis, Asa B 

Little, Albert 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Mch. 4, 64 
Dec. 25, 01 
Mch. 6, 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
Apl. 2, 62 
Nov. 16, 61 
Mch. 30, 64 
Dec. 25, 63 
Mch. 6, 65 
Apl. 1, 64 
Feb. 20, 64 
Mch. 30, 65 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 13, 61 
Mch. 11, 65 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mch. 6, 65 
Mch. 31, 64 
Apl. 1, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 6, 65 
Feb. 28, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Oct. 2, 61 
Feb. 27. 61 
July 20, 61 
Sept. 18, 61 
Mch. l, 6i 
Mch. 8 64 
Feb. 1, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Sept. 16, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Sept. 16, 61 
Mch. 31, 64 
Apl. 3, 62 
Feb. 19, 64 
Dec. 16, 61 
Mch. 2, 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 19, 64 
Aug. 12, 62 
Mch. 8, 65 
Sept. 28, 61 
Jan. 4, 6 
Mch. 6, 65 
Sept. 2, 
Mch. 24, 64 
Dec. 30, 61 
Mch. 31, 64 
Apl. 4, 6 
Mch. 1, 6 
July 29, 04 
Feb. 29, G4 
Mch. 1, 64 
Mch. 20, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Apl. 4, 64 
Feb. 23, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Dec. 30, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
Feb. 17, 65 
Mch. 30, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Sept. 28, 61 
Mch. 6, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 31, 64 
Apl. 27, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Aug. 13, 62 
Sept. 28 61 
Mch. 24, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Mch. 9 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Sept. 2, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Dec. 25, 63 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Aug. 10, 65 
June 9, 65 

Nov. 26, 64 



June 8, 65 
July 14, 65 
Oct. 31, 64 
Sept. 14, 64 
Aug. 2, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
Jan. 24, 65 
July 24, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



REMARKS. 



July 14, 65 



Sept. 21, 64 
June 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 27, 65 
July 14, 65 
May 20, 65 
July 14, 65 



Apl. 26, 65 



D?c. 18, 64 
July 11, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 8, 65 
July 14, 65 



June26, 65 
July 14, 6 



July 14, 65 
Dec. 29, 64 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 60 
June 22, 65 
July 17, 65 



Dec. 29, 64 
June 16, 65 

Sept 27, 64 
July 14, 65 
May 16, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
Sept. 27, 64 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 

July 1V65 



June 30, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 

June"V65 
Jan. 22, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



Vet.; died Aug. 11, 64, at David s Island, N. Y. Harbor. 

Vet.; missing at Hatcher s Run. 

Discharged per order. 

Dis. per order; wounded Reams Station Aug. 25, 64. 

Transf. from A, 2d Sharpshooters; transf. to V. R. C. May 27, 65. 

Veteran. 

Absent on discharge of battalion. 

Transf. from A,2d S. S.,Jan.30, 65; missing battle May 6, 64; vet. 

Died May 5, 65, in A. C. hospital. 

Captured in battle Aug. 25, 64. 

Discharged per order. 

Vet.; transf. from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65. 

Vet.; wounded June 22, 64, near Petersburg. 

Veteran. 

Absent sick on dis. of company; dis. per order. 

Vet., Corp. 

Corp.; wnd. Nov. 6, 64; dis. for pro. in 1st Heavy Art. 
Vet.; captured at Petersburg; dis. per order. 



Killed June 18, 64, near Petersburg, Va. 

Corp., Serg. 

Vet.; transferred to V. R. C. May 19, 65. 

Vet.; wnd. June 22, 64, Petersburg; transf. to V. R. C. 

Vet; killed June 18, 64, near Petersburg. 

Vet,; wnd. June 18, 64, near Petersburg. 

Vet., Corp.; discharged per order. 

Veteran. 

Vet.; discharged per order. 

Veteran. 

Vet.; died April 1, 65, at Benton Barracks, Mo. 

Vet.; died in rebel prison. 

Transf. from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65. 

Vet.; transf. 2d S. S., Jan. 30, 65; killed in battle Mch. 13, 65. 

Veteran. 

In hospital. 

Corp.; wounded June 22, 64, near Petersburg. 

Wounded June 22, 64, near Petersburg. 

Wounded June IS, 64, near Petersburg. 

Corp.; discharged per order. 

Vet.; killed Aug. 14, 64, at Deep Bottom, Va. 

Vet.; transf. from B, 1st U. S. S.S., Jan. 30, 65; dis. per order. 

Vet.; died Aug. 15, 64, at Deep Bottom of wounds. 

Vet., Serg. 

Vet., Serg. 

Vet., Wagoner. 

Died Oct. 20, 04, in rebel prison. 



Corporal. 



Vet.; wnd. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21, 64; dis. per order. 

Vet., Corp.; prisoner at Andersonville. 

Vet.; died Jan. 19, 05, at Baltimore, Md. 

Discharged for disability. 

Discharged.per order. 

Vet., Corp.; died Jan. 8, 65, at Cochecton, N. Y. 

Veteran. 

Vet.; wounded June 22, 64, Petersburg. 



Veteran. 



Vet., Corp., Serg., 2d Lieut. Co. C. 

Transferred to V. C. R.May 27, 65; Musician. 

Vet.; Corp. 

Transf. from A, 2d Sharpshooters; missing in battle May 13, 64. 

Vet.; captured at Reams Station. 



Died Jan. 9, 65; wnd. Reams Station Aug. 25, 64. 

Vet.; transf. from Co. A, 2d U. S. Sharpshooters; dis. per order. 

Discharged for disability. 

Vet., Corp.; captured at Petersburg. 

Trans, from A, 2d Sharpshooters; trans, to V. R. C. May 27, 65. 



68 



THE FIRST BATTALION. 
KOSTER OF COMPANY A Continued. 



NAMES. 


w 



<5 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Litchenberg, August 
Lonquist John 


30 

30 
22 
24 
19 
37 
35 
28 
28 
38 
18 


July 20, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Feb. 11, 62 
Mch. 9, 65 
Dec. 25, 63 
Aug. 16, 64 
Jan. 1, 64 
Mch. 31 , 64 
Jan. 20, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Apl. 1, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Sept. 9, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 9 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Oct. 1, 61 
Mch. 25, 64 
Mch. 6, 65 
Mch. 23. 64 
Nov. 25, 61 
Jan. 4, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Feb. 28, 64 
Apl. 5, 64 
Mch. 31, 64 
Aug. 22, 62 
Feb. 29, 64 
Dec. 25, 61 
Dec. 25, 63 
Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 15, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 28, 64 

Apl. 4, 64 
Mch. 30, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Dec. 25, 63 

Mch. 30, 64 
Feb. 28, 64 
Mch. 6, 65 
Jan. 1, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Sept. 28, 61 
Jan. 1, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Feb. 20, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 




Vet.; wounded June 22, 64, Petersburg. 




Killed June 22, 64, near Petersburg. 
Vet., Corp., Serg. 
Vet.; died June 28, 64, of wounds June 23, 64, at Petersburg. 

Vet.; transferred from A, 2d Sharpshooters. 
Vet.; transferred from A, 2d Sharpshooters; dis. per order. 
Vet,, Serg.; died April 1, 65, in Minnesota. 
Veteran. 
Vet.; trans, from A, 2d Sharpshooters; discharged per order. 
Vet.; died Aug. 13, 64, in De Camp General Hospital, N. Y. 
Wounded at Petersburg; discharged in hospital. 
Killed near Petersburg June 22, 64. i 
Vet., Corp. 

Discharged per order. 
Vet., Serg.; transferred from A, 2d U. S. Sharpshooters. 
Musician, Vet. 

Vet.; absent sick on discharge of company. 
Captured June 22, 64; discharged per order. 
Vet.; prisoner of war. 
Vet.; died Oct. 14, 64, at Fort Schuyler,New York Harbor. 
Vet.; died Oct. 22, 64, at Philadelphia, Pa. 
Corp.; discharged per order Jun 13, 65. 
Vet., Serg.; discharged for disability. 
Transferred to V. R. C. Sept. 22, 64. 
Transferred to V. R. C. April 19, 65. 
Prisoner at Andersonville; discharged July 24, 64. 
Vet.; transferred from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan, 30, 65. 
Vet.; prisoner of war. 
Vet.; lost leg at battle of Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 14, 64. 




July 14, 65 


Marshall, James 
Mattison Mathias 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 8, 65 




Alartell Nelson 


McDonald Joseph 


McWilliams David 


July 14, 65 
Aug. 31, 65 


McKillup Geo. W 


McCulloch, Jonas G 
Merritt Lorenzo *... 


July 15, 65 

"Sept."l6, 64 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 19, 65 

"julv 1 V65 
July 14, 65 

July 2V65 
July 14, 65 


Metz, Peter 
Mortimer, Geo. F 
Nelson Andrew 


"23" 

18 
18 
21 
29 
28 
18 
39 
19 
24 
32 

"is" 

25 
22 
31 
24 
25 
29 
28 
40 
21 
40 
21 

27 


Nelson, Evan B. 


Newel Erastus W 


Perkins Daniel A 


Pettyjohn, Dyer B 


Peasley Joseph W 


Phillips, John 


Pomeroy, Harlan P 
Pribble, Turner 


Putnam Clark 


Rayher, Frank 
Reed Nathaniel 


Reed Walter S 


June 13, 65 
Nov. 30, 64 


Roberts, Benjamin 


Rye Knute T 




Ryder Edward A 




Scovill Everett W 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Shepard Maurice F 


Sherman, Marshall 
Sias George 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Prisoner at Andersonville. 

Vet.; transf. from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65; dis. per 
order June 8, 65. 
Died July 14, 65, of wounds. 

Died Dec. 9, 64, at Washington, D. C. 
Vet.; transf. from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65; absent, sick, 
on discharge of company. 
Vet.; transferred from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65. 
Discharged in hospital per order. 

Wounded near Petersburg; absent on discharge of company. 

Vet,; wounded Jerusalem Plank Road June 21, 64. 
Vet, Corp. 

Vet.; trans, from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65; dis. per order. 
Vet., Serg.; promoted Capt. Co. D March 17, 65. 
Transferred from A, 2d Sharpshooters, Jan. 30, 65. 
Musician. 
Discharged per order. 


Smith, Nelson B 


Smith, Almon P . . 


Smith Francis 


Steinberg Adam ... 


July 14, 65 


Storkelson Ole 


32 
24 

21 

36 
17 
28 
30 
23 
35 
25 
36 
30 
21 
17 
26 


Stacy William H 




Swartwout, Eugene 
Taylor, Charles E 
Thomas, Evan 


July 14, 65 
July 8, 65 
July 8, 65 


Townsend, Perry C 
Tompkins Elias 


July 8, 65 
Sept. 27, 64 
Sept. 26, 64 
July 14, 65 
June 7, 65 


Veon, Edmund 
Victory James C 


Waugh, Joseph B 


Weaver, Simon 
Whetstone, Thomas N 
W h ittemore , James A 
Willey George . ... 


June 7, 65 
June 7, 65 
June 22, 65 


Woodworth, Walter C 



KOSTER OF COMPANY B. 



NAMES. 


3 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Ellett P. Perkins.. 


27 


May 5 64 


Oct 13 64 


Vet discharged per order 


Charles F. Hausdorf 
Thos. H. Pressnell ~. 
First Lieutenant 
J. Thomas Walker 
Second Lieutenant 
Henry D. O Brien 


23 

22 

23 
22 


Nov. 26, 64 
June 6, 65 

Jan. 1, 65 
May 12 64 


July 1V65 
July 14, 65 


Vet,, 1st Lieut. May 12, 64; Maj. May 2, 65; com. Lieut. Col. 
2d and 1st Lieut. Co. A. 

Transferred from Co. A to 2d Sharpshooters. 
Vet Capt Co A Apl 10 65- com Major. 


Wm. W.Holden 


23 


Apl. 9, 65 




Vet., 1st Lieut. Co. H, June 8, 65. 


ENLISTED MEN. 

Abraham, Geo. W. F 


17 


Apl 1 64 




Musician* died Nov 12 64 in Andersonville, Ga. 


Abel Wm. H 


24 


Mch 24 64 


July 14 65 




Adams, David A 


?f 


Mch. 8* 65 


July 14* 65 




Ames Orville 


W 


Feb 27 64 




Supposed to have died July, 64. 


Aucker Wm H 


21 


Feb 28 62 




Wounded at Gettysburg Ju ly 9 63 - absent sick 


Barton, Wm. F 


18 


Apl. 1, 64 


July 14 65 


Promoted Corp. 


Bergh Peter 


21 


Mch 24 64 




Prisoner at Andersonville 8 mos.; dis. July 24, 65; absent, sick. 


Berdan, Charles A 


24 


Nov. 15, 61 


Nov. 17, 64 


Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 






COMPANY B. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



69 



NAMES. 



Bond, Hezekiah , 

Bowers, John G 

Bouler, Theodore 

Bofferding, Wm 

Bond, Daniel 

Bryant, James , 

Brown, Edward F 

Breich, Lewis 

Brink, Hiram A 

Brenchley, Philip 



bleyj 
Brown, Theodore. 

Brown, Wm. B 

Buck, Philip 

Carlton, David 

Canniff, John 

Caulkin, Gavin E 

Carlson, Carl 

Churchill, Wm. H 

Chandler, J.C 

Church, Harrison 

Collins, Peter 

Coleman, Henry 

Cooper, John 

Curtis, Archibald 

Decker, A. L. M 

Densmore, Sylvester 

Docker, J.H 

Durfee, Chester 

Dyer, Joshua 

Fisher, Henry J 

Frary, Eldrick J 

Gilroy, Thomas 

Gilbert, Richard 

Giles, James A 

Glazier, Aaron 

Gulltuan, John 

Hansen, Lewis 

Hamilton, E. M. C 

Hamilton, Elmsley J 

Hawks, James 

Hayes, Charles 

Halleck, Joseph 

Hamblett, Albert H 

Henderson, Lyman H 

Hill, Jonas R 

Hill.Corlett 

Holland, Alonzo 

Hoyt.Wm.H 

Hohage, F.W 

Irvine, Wm. N 

Irneson, James W 

Johnson, Samuel 

Kern, William 

Knowlton, Geo. W 

Koenig, Sebastian 

Knowles, William 

Lavercombe, John 

Matson, John 

Magnuson, Magnus 

McGee, Richard 

Mclntyre, Malcolm 

McGuire, Hugh G 

McClay, John 

Morgan, David L 

Munson, Madse 

Nelson, John 

Nelson, Paul 

Noonan, Patrick 

Noble, Charles 

Olen.Olof. 

Page, Henry D 

Parker, Edmund F 

Peterson, Peter 

Peters, John , 

Peterson, Carl 

Person, Peter 

Pickle, Alonzo 

Piker, Wm. C 

Pratt, Job J.... 

Ray.Wm ! 

Riddle, Wm. C 

Reb, Stephen 

Roberts, Isaiah M 

Rye, Charles 

Sampier, Francis 

Schumacher, Wm. E 

Sebers, Albert 



MUSTERED 



Aug. 22, 62 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 9 65 
Feb. 20, 64 
Aug. 22, 62 
Apl. 16, 64 
Feb. 20, 64 
Mch. 31, 64 
Apl. 2 64 
Feb. 20, 64 
July 20, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 5 , 64 
Feb. 26, 63 
Mch. 24, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mch. 11, 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 30 , 64 
Mch. 30, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Sept. 10 61 
Mch. 1, 64 
Feb. 11, 62 
Aug. 26, 62 
Mch. 31, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Feb. 21, 62 
Mch. 11, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Feb. 27, 64 
Apl. 1 64 
Feb. 20, 62 
Dec. 16, 61 
Apl. 4, 64 
Mch. 1 , 64 
Mch. 1, 64 
Mch. 10, 65 
Feb. 14, 65 
Sept. 30 , 61 
Mch. 9, 65 
Sept. 14, 61 
Mch. 9, 65 
Nov. 18, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Mch. 28, 64 
Apl. 8, 64 
June 20, 61 
Mch. 10, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Feb. 13, 64 
Mch. 2, 65 
Meh. 8, 65 
Mch. 30 , 64 
Mch.27, 65 
Mch. 11, 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 35, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Apl. 1, 64 
Mch. 1, 64 
Feb. 4, 62 
Junel9, 61 
Mch. 14, 64 
June 20, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Sept. 28, 61 
Feb. 11, 62 
Feb. 29, 65 
Mch. 11 , 65 
Mch. 11, 65 
Aug. 14, 62 
Feb. 24, 65 
Mch. 1, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Apl. 2, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 24, 65 
Feb. 27, 64 
Feb. 17, 65 
Apl. 2, 64 
Mch. 4, 62 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 14, 64 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 24, 65 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



Dec. 27, 64 
July 20, 64 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 1, 64 



Mch. 9, 65 



Feb. 20, 65 
July 14, 65 

June 17, 65 

Feb.* 20/65 
Dec. 18, 64 
June 19, 65 
June 28, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 9, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 



July 14, 65 
Sept. 14, 64 
July 14, 65 
Nov. 18, 64 
Apl., 65 
July 14, 65 

Ju ly"26 , 64* 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 27, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 
July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 

July 14/65 



July 14, 65 
Feb. 11, 65 
July 4, 64 



July 20, 64 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
Apl. 21, 65 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 7, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



REMARKS. 



Wounded near Petersburg; died Oct. 26, 64, at Andersonville. 



Vet., Corp.; prisoner at Andersonville 8 months. 
Vet., 1st Serg.; promoted 1st Lieut. Mch. 16, 65. 
Musician. 

Vet.; discharged 65; absent, sick. 

Discharged for disability. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Promoted Corp.; prisoner 6 months. 

Veteran. 

Veteran, Corporal. 

Vet., Capt. Co. E, Mch. 21, 65. 

Discharged 65; absent. 

Vet., Corp.; promoted Serg., 1st Serg.; prisoner 6 months. 

Promoted Corp. 

Died 65. 

Vet.; killed July 14, 65, at Deep Bottom, Va. 

Veteran. 

Veteran, Corporal. 

Discharged for wounds. 

Died Nov. 25, 64, at City Point, Va. 

Wounded July 2, 63, at Gettysburg; absent since. 

Vet.; discharged for disability. 

Vet., Serg.; pris. at Andersonville 8 mos; supposed dead 

Vet.; wounded June 22, 64, at Petersburg. 

Vet.; discharged ou expiration of term. 

Died May 19, 65, at Baltimore, Md. 

Vet.; discharged for disability. 

Vet., Corp.; died Sept. 3, 64, wounds Reams Station Aug. 25, 64. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Discharged in hospital. 

Prisoner at Andersonville 8 months; discharged. 

Vet.; wounded June 22, 64, near Petersburg. 

Discharged per order. 

Discharged per order. 

Killed May 6, 64, in battle. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Vet; wounded Jerusalem Plank Road, June 21, 64. 
Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Vet., Serg.; died June 28, 64, of wounds at Petersburg. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Corporal. 

Discharged in hospital. 
Discharged per order. 

Vet.; died Nov. 19, 64, at Washington, D. C. 



Corporal. 

Vet., Corp. and Serg. June 8, 65. 

Wounded at Deep Bottom Aug. 14, 64. 
Promoted Q. M. Serg. April 1, 65. 

Discharged on expiration of term. 
Vet.: discharged on expiration of term. 
Died Oct. 29, 64, in prison at Salisbury, N. C. 
Vet., Serg.; discharged on expiration of term. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 
Died Dec. 15, 64, at Salisbury Prison, N. C. 



Veteran, Corporal; discharged per order. 
Wounded June 22, 64, near Petersburg. 
Corporal. 



Veteran, Corporal, Sergeant. 

Vet.; wounded at Gettysburg; discharged 1865. 



70 



THE FIRST BATTALION. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



NAMES. 


K 
3 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 






Feb. 27, 64 
Apl. 1, 64 
Feb. 20, 64 
Mch. 1, 64 
Mch.31, 65 
Jan. 1, 62 
Aug. 14, G2 
Mch. 24, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 
Mch. 28, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Feb. 27, 64 
Nov. 1, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Apl. 1, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Apl. 1, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 24, 64 
Mch. 25, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mch. 24, 64 




Vet.; died Aug. 27, 64, of wounds at Deep Bottom Aug. 14, 64. 

Captured at Reams Station. 
Died Sept. 21, 64, in prison at Richmond, Va. 
Corp.; killed Aug. 14, 61, at Deep Bottom, Va. 
Discharged on expiration of term. 
Discharged as per order. 

Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 
Prisoner at Andersonville 6 months; discharged 1865. 
Discharged; absent, sick. 

Died Dec. 7, 64, of disease got in rebel prison. 
Vet.; discharged on expiration of term. 
Discharged as per order. 
Veteran. 
Discharged in 1865; absent, sick. 
Wounded June 23, 64, at Petersburg; died June 27, 64. 
Vet.; promoted Com. Serg. July 1, 65. 
Vet.; died April 3, 65, of disease contracted in rebel prison. 
Killed Aug. 14, 64, at Deep Bottom, Va. 
Veteran. 

Veteran. 
Died Aug. 8, 64, in field hospital, Virginia. 
Absent on discharge of company. 
Prisoner at Andersonvilie 8 months; discharged 1865. 
Veteran. 






July 14, 65 
July 21, 65 


Schutz Peter 




Sly, Gilbert E 


Yl" 
21 
39 

"is" 

37 

36 

"19" 
38 

"SO" 

26" 
21 

23" 
20 
20 




July 14, 65 
June 7, 65 
July 14, 65 
Sept. 28, 64 

jiiiy 2V65 
July 14, 65 


Smith Wm C 


Snow, Lafayette W 
Stites Adam C 


Starckloffe, Herrnon 
Studley, George W 


Sunbey Geo. G .*... 


Sullivan Daniel 


May 18, 65 
June 7, 65 
June 7, 65 




Sweigert Wm 




Talby, Edward 
Tenney Samuel S 





Towner, James 
Tollman, Sylvester 
Walsh, Joseph 




July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Waterburg, Andrew P 
Weaver, James E 


Weeks, John 
Wentworth, Walter 


Whallon, Martin S 






Winget, C. Weslev 


23 


July 14, 65 





ROSTER OF COMPANY C. 



NAMES. 


w 
c 
<5 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Charles C. Parker 
James Bryant 
First Lieutenant 
Albert C Poor 


27 
22 

35 


Mch. 14, 65 
June 16, 65 

Mch 14 65 


June 15, 65 
July 14, 65 

June 15 65 


Vet., 2d and 1st Lieut. Co. A.; resigned. 
Vet., 1st Serg. Co. B. 

Resigned 


Second Lieutenant 
Wm A Joy 


26 


Apl 1 65 


July 14 65 




ENLISTED MEN. 

Allen, David H 
Ballard Isaac 


22 
30 


Mch. 8, 65 
Mch 11 65 


Juiy i4*"65 


Deserted Mch. 19, 65, at La Crosse, Wis. 




38 


Mch 8* 65 


July 14 65 




Baldwin, M. W 
Baker Morris C . .. 


22 
16 


Mch! 7/65 
Mch 6 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Barnes, Jonathan 


42 


Mch l 65 


July 14* 65 




Billings, Isaac M 


21 
3^ 


Mch.llJ 65 
Mch 8 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Boidner Philip 


38 


Mch 8* 65 


July 14* 65 




Bowman, John W 


21 


Mch 11 65 




Died June 26 65 at Frederick, Md. 


Brill Hezekiah 


33 


Mch 8 65 


July 14 65 




Bryant Geo W 


19 


Mch 7* 65 


July 14 65 




Brannan, John 


27 


Mch 11* 65 




Deserted Mch 19 65 at La Crosse Wis. 


Brown George 


24 


Mch 9 65 


July 14, 65 




Carter, Amos C 


22 


Mch 11 65 


June 8 65 


Corporal; discharged per order. 


Chipman, Horace A 
Charlson, Frank W 
Clow, Malcolm 


22 
35 
23 


Feb. 23, 65 
Feb. 27, 65 
Mch 7 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Crandall, Byron F 


19 


Mch 1 65 


July 14 65 




Crandall, Henry A 


22 


Mch 1 65 


Julv 14, 65 




Crink, John 


35 


Mch 6 65 


Ju4y 14 65 




Custar, Isaac 


35 


Mch l 65 


July 14 65 




Dorn, William 


33 


Mch 7* 65 


July 14* 65 




Dodge, William 
Dunham, Abner 
Dunham, Abel 
Dunton, Geo. W 


31 
28 
31 
34 


Mch. 10, 65 
Feb. 28, 65 
Feb. 28, 65 
Mch 3 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 




Durland, John 


SO 


Mch. 9* 65 




Deserted Mch 20 65 at Chicago, 111. 


Eger, William 


V> 


Mch 10 65 


July 14 65 




Flanagan, Lauren 


30 


Mch 1 65 


July 14 65 




Frazier, Julius H 
Gensmer, Lewis 
Gillett, Jerome 
Gooden, Peter. . 


17 
21 
29 
42 


Mch. 7, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Feb. 24, 65 
Mch 10 Q5 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Grulleson, Ole 
Harrington, David G 
Hall, Alva..... 


19 
31 
19 


Mch. 1 , 65 
Feb. 24, 65 
Feb. 25. 65 


Aug. 10/65 
July 14, 65 
Julv 14. 65 


Discharged in hospital. 
Sergeant. 



COMPANY D. 

ROSTER OF COMPANY C Continued. 



71 



NAMES. 


< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Harris Charles. . 


42 
37 
34 
31 
22 
27 
21 
20 
19 
21 
32 
18 
17 
35 
26 
28 
30 
31 
32 
28 
17 
18 
19 
27 
38 
27 
16 
43 
22 
42 
41 
29 
35 
35 
21 
32 
23 
25 
37 
32 
22 
24 
34 
26 
20 
26 
39 
41 
40 
22 
34 
30 
21 
20 
24 
22 
26 
41 
38 
24 
18 
17 


Mch. 7 65 
Mch. 7, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch. 2, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Feb. 24, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch. 7, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 1, 65 
Mch. 1 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Mch. 6, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Feb. 27, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Feb. 28, 65 
Mch. 10 , 65 
Feb. 25, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Mch. 3 65 
Mch. 19, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 7, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
Feb. 27, 65 
Mch. l, 6o 
Mch. 13, 65 
Mch. 10, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
May 3 , 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Feb. 28, 65 
Mch. 7, 65 
Mch. 7 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
Mch. 8 , 65 
Mch.11, 65 
Mch. 1, 65 
Feb. 25, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Died June 16, 65, near Munson s Hill, Va. 

Died at City Point. (No date.)* 
Corporal. 

Discharged, 1865, from hospital. 
Discharged, 1865, from hospital. 
Discharged in hospital 1865. 

Corporal. 
Sergeant. 

Corporal; disabled, absent, sick. 

Sergeant; discharged in hospital. 
Corporal. 
Died June 3, 65, at Munson s Hill, Va. 
Died April 30, 65, near Burkville, Va. 

Discharged in hospital. 

Corporal. 
Discharged per order. 

Discharged per order. 
Discharged per order. 

Discharged per order. 
Discharged in hospital. 

Corporal; discharged in hospital. 

Died June 7, 65, near Munson s Hill, Va. 

Discharged per order. 
Corporal 
Corporal. 




Harriman B W 


Hendry Alexander 


Hoff Abraham M ... 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Hoberty, Acton 


Hovey Alonzo 




Hunt William 




Johnson Robert 






July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Johnson Wm. H 


Jones Wm F 


Kilis, George 


Krick John . .. . 


Krick, Philip 


liauerman Michael 


Lahr Peter 


Lee, Aaron 


Libby W. J 




July 14, 65 
Aug. 8, 65 
Aug. 8, 65 


Magoon, Harrison C 
Marlett Charles 


McClelland, John 
McLean William 




Menske, August 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 19, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 9, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 8, 65 
June 9, 65 
July 14, 65 
May 3, 65 
July 14, 65 
Aug. 21 , 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 8, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Monroe Bennett . 


Morse, Windsor F 


Myers, Julius 


Newhall R B 


Nelson, Christopher... 


Nickel Philip 


Palenquist, I. B 
Parmerle W. H 


Paulson, Paul 


Pierce, E. W. 


Priest, John A 


Preston, Smith. 


Kiley, John 


Saupe, Frederick... 


Schaffer, Jacob 
Sherman, John H 


Sherman, John G 


Spooner, John W 
Smith, Henry R 


Star, Adolph F 
Stetson, Lorenzo P 
Story, Zacheus 


Stabler, Michael.. . 


Taylor, George 


Thrall, W.C 
Thalenhorst, Henry 
Tripp, Nathan 
Utter Charles S 


Tan Loon, Lawrence 
Wayrnan, Andrew 
Wade, Robert V 
Whitney, Constant H 
White, Michael. 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 6, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Wildes, Andrew J 


Woodward, Stephen 
Wright, George 




ROSTER OF COMPANY D. 



NAMES. 


H 
C 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Capfain 
Thomas N. Whetstone... 
First Lieutenant 
Ransom J. Madison 
Second Lieutenant 
Francis E. Wheeler 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adams, Andrew J 


30 
26 
25 
*>r> 


Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 17, 65 
Apl. 10, 65 
Mch. 15 65 


July 14, 65 
May 29, 65 
May 5, 65 


Veteran, Sergeant Co. A. 
Resigned. 
Resigned. 
Died June 9 65 near Munson Va. 


Andrews, Wm. H 


44 


Mch 15 65 






Aughen, Caugh John W... 


18 


Mch. 14, 65 




Corporal. 


Atwater, James P 
Bates.L. C 


22 
40 


Mch. 15, 65 
Mch 14 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Batzla, Christopher 
Baumgartner. B 


27 
40 


Feb. 28, 65 
Mch. 13. 65 


July 14, 65 
.Tulv 14. 65 





72 



THE FIRST BATTALION. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY D Continued. 



NAMES. 



Bascombe, Hubert 

Bicedorn, Wm 

Blase, John H 

Bryan, Thomas 

Bruk,Wm.P 

Brown, Wm 

Burdick, Job W 

Buhler, John 

Bunch, Quinton , 

Campbell, Thomas 

Cahill, Michael 

Campbell, John 

Clark, Thomas 

Cole, Leander v 

Cole, Elihu 

Cohoes, John 

Cutter, Marshall 

Dalcoy, John 

Day. Leonard B 

Devine, Thomas 

Deidrich, August 

Dieff, Robert 

Dickman, John 

Doyle, John 

Dreager, Ernst 

Dressel, Richard 

Ellis, Wm 

Farnham, Wm. M 

Field, John M 

Flood.Edward 

Gillett, Albert 

Green, Joseph M 

Ore we, Wm 



Gunderson, Borge 

Hamann, Frederick 



Harding, Henry H. 

Halverson, Halver 

Hassler, Swan 

Hanzes, Daniel 

Henderson, Roswell 

Hedges, Allen W 

Heller, Henry 

Hosmer, Edwin M 

Hoffman, Theodore F 

Hurley, Patrick 

Kilmer, Francis A 

Knoche, Albert , 

Korfage.Wm 

Krenbring, John 

Kuntz, Frank 

I<eeson, Robert 

Linn, Andrew 

Malinson, Mathew 

Meany, John 

Morey, Chauncey 

Morris, John F 

Mohr, John 

Muckingharn, John 

Oleson, John 

01eson,Ole 

Ostrom,Erick 

Parsons, Wm 

Peterson, Swan P 

Perkins, Thomas 

Peaslee, Nathaniel D 

Philbrick, Samuel C 

Place, James H 

Powers, Augustus W 

Reese, Isaac 

Rhinehart, Oscar 

Ritz, Andrew 

Richardson, L. G 

Rosch, Jacob 

Rolfing, John 

Schugg, John 

Schaumberg, Fred 

Simonson, Ole 

Smith, Wm 

Smith, John Y 

Speakman, Samuel 

Stearns, Levi W 

Stearns, Peter 

Taylor, John H 

Thompson, Oscar M 

Thole, Charles 

Thompson, John C 

Torkelson, Torkel 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Mch. 14, 6 

Mch. 14, 6 

Mch. 14, 6 

Mch. 15, 6 

Mch. 14, 6 

Mch. 13, 6 

Feb. 27, 6, 

Mch. 14, 6, 

Mch. 15, 6, 

Mch. 17, 6i 

Mch.l7, 6E 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 7, 65 

Mch. 7, 6 

Mch. 7, 6 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 13, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 3 , 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 8, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 13, 66 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 16 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 13, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 17, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 2, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 3, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 14, 65 

Mch. 16, 65 

Mch. 15, 65 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 14, 6 

July 14, 6 

July 14, 6, 

July 14, 

July 14, 

July 14, 6, 

July 14, & 

July 14, 6; 

July 14, 6t 

July 18, 65 

July 14, 65 

Aug. 10, 65 

July 14, 6 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

June 7, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

May 29, 65 

Mav 29, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 65 

July 14, 66 

July 14, 65 



REMARKS. 



Sergeant. 



Discharged in hospital. 

Discharged in hospital Aug. 10, 65. 
Sergeant, 1st Sergeant. 



Sergeant. 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



Corporal. 
Corporal. 



Discharged per order. 



Discharged per order. 
Discharged per order. 



Corporal. 

Promoted per order June 7| 65. 



Sergeant. 
Sergeant Major. 



Corporal. 



Promoted Corporal. 

Corporal; died June 2, 66, near Munson s Hill, Va. 



COMPANY E. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY D Continued. 



73 



NAMES. 


M 

B 
<5 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


TValter John 


29 


Mch. 15, 65 


July 14, 65 




Wheeler, W. H 
Wheeler, Trueman B 
Wilson. Nathan.... 


22 
21 
30 


Mch.15, 65 
Mch. 15, 65 
Mch. 16, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 7, 65 


Discharged per order. 



ROSTER OF COMPANY E. 



NAMES. 


1 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captain 
Gavin E. Caulkin 
First Lieutenant 
James A Wright 


37 
?4 


Mch. 25, 65 
Apl. 21 65 


June 15, 65 
July 14 65 


Veteran, Private Co. B; resigned. 


Second Lieutenants 
Geo W. Crocker 




Apl. 21, 65 


Apl. 27 65 




Lewis J. Bennett 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abbott J D 


29 
35 


Apl. 4, 65 
Mch. 15, 65 


June 15, 65 
July 14 65 


Resigned. 




>*> 


Mch.15 65 


July 14 65 




Allen Wm E 


38 


Mch 17 65 


July 14 65 




Andrews, fheodorus J 
Arnold Win W 


29 
86 


Mch. 18, 65 
Mch 16 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 






33 


Mch. 17, 65 








94 


Mch 18 65 


July 14 65 






24 


Mch 18 65 


July 14 65 




Bullard Samuel 


35 


Mch 15 65 


July 14* 65 


Corpora . 


Buck Edwin P 


?,1 


Mch. 18, 65 


July 14, 65 




Chamberlain, H. P 
Churchill, Eben 
Chafey Wm 


38 
22 
31 
40 


Mch. 16, 65 
Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 15 65 


June G, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged per order. 
Corporal, Sergeant. 


Chambers, George 


41 


Mch. 18, 65 


July 14, 65 


Corporal 


Dixon Wm 


3? 


Mch. 16 65 


July 14 65 




Doland Thomas 


17 


Mch 15 65 


July 14 65 




Doramus, John F 


17 
>8 


Mch. 16, 65 
Mch. 17 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Dye, George 


28 


Mch. 3, 65 


Aug. 6, 65 




Edwards, Huntington 
Ellison John B 


18 
99 


Mch. 16, 65 
Mch 18 65 


July 14, 65 
June22 65 




Ellsburg, Charles 


34 
31 


Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 18 65 


July 14J 65 
July 14 65 


Sergeant. 




31 


Mch 18 65 


July 14 65 




Farnham Hiram. 


44 


Mch.15 65 


June21 65 




Fligal Wm 


82 


Mch 15 65 


July 14 65 




Gee William 


39 


Mch. 17 65 


July 14 65 




Guttormson Gull 


44 


Mch. 16 65 


July 14 65 




Haverson, Halver 
Harris Wm. A 


30 
?3 


Mch. 16, 65 
Mch. 16 65 


July 19, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Hewitt, Charles 
Heskett, Geo. E 


23 

37 


Mch. 18, 65 
Mch. 18 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Sergeant. 


Hickok. Franklin K 


37 


Mch. 18, 65 


July 14, 65 




Howe, Lafayette 


40 


Mch. 18, 65 


July 24 65 




Hobbs, Daniel F 


35 


Mch 18 65 


June 19 65 




Houston, Cyrus H 
Huggins, John P 


30 
35 


Mch. 18, 65 
Mch. 17 65 


July 14, 65 


Sergeant. 
Died at Washington D C 


Tverson Lars 


38 


Mch. 16 65 


June 2 65 




James, John E 


94 


Mch. 17, 65 


July 14* 65 




Johnson, Martin 


?1 


Mch.15 65 


Aug 10 65 




Johnson, Hernyon A 
Knowlton, Charles R 
Larson, Martin. 


25 
39 
31 


Mch. 18, 65 
Mch. 18, 65 
Mch 17 65 


July 14, 65 
Aug. 2, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Lewis Jacob 


42 


Mch 16 65 






Lovejoy, Luther N 
McColly, George 
McPeak, Michael 


34 
33 
27 


Mch. 1?| 65 
Mch. 17 65 
Mch. 18 65 


July 14, 65 
July 26, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Miller, Christopher 
Miller, C. F 


36 
30 


Mch. 18, 65 
Mch 15 65 


July 26, 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Morrison, Daniel R 
Nesmith, James 


37 

37 


Mch. 16/65 
Mch 16 65 


July 14, 65 
June 17 65 




Oleson, Niels 


99 


Mch. 17, 65 


July 14* 65 




Parker, Newton 
Perry, Zepheniah 
PettengilL James M 
Phillips, Francis E 
Pitcher, Wesley W 
Porter, Lorenzo D 


37 
44 
29 
31 
30 
?1 


Mch. 16, 65 
Mch. 15, 65 
Mch. 18 65 
Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 18 , 65 
Mch. 17 65 


July 14, 65 
June 17, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged per order. 
Corporal. 


Rawlev,Wm. F.. 


?8 


Mch. 17 65 


July 14 65 




Ramsay, Nathaniel 
Scott James 


39 
34 


Mch. 18 , 65 
Mch 17 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal. 


Shoreson , James .... 


35 


Mch. 16 65 


Julv 14. 65 





74 



THE FIRST BATTALION. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY E Continued. 



NAMES. 


rf 

c 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Snyder Conrad 


^ 


Mch. 18, 65 


July 14, 65 




Stevens Lafayette 


36 


Mch.18 65 


July 14, 65 


Corporal. 


St. Claire John 


?8 


Mch. 17, 65 


July 14, 65 




Steinberg Wm 


99 


Mch. 17, 65 




Absent on discharge of companv 


Thompson Wm 


38 


Mch. 16, 65 


July 14, 65 






W 


Mch. 17, 65 


July 14, 65 




Tolefson Sander 


19 


Mch. 16 65 


July 14 65 




Turner, Wilbur 
Ward Geo W 


22 
32 


Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 16 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Walker, John W 
Wallace Thomas 


38 
37 


Mch. 15, 65 
Mch. 17, 65 


July 26, 65 
July 14, 65 


Discharged in hospital July 26, 65. 


Weaver Philip 


34 


Mch.18, 65 


July 14, 65 




Weaver John 


3rt 


Mch. 15, 65 


July 14, 65 




Winters Peter 


Rfi 


Mch. 15 65 


July 14 65 




Wilcox John 


38 


Mch.18, 65 


July 14, 65 




Widrich John 


R6 


Mch.18, 65 


July 14, 65 




Williamson, Charles M 
Wrangham Wm. B 


32 
24 


Mch. 16, 65 
Mch. 16, 65 


July 26, 65 
July 14, 65 


Discharged per order. 













ROSTER OF COMPANY F. 



NAMES. 


K 
O 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captain 
Lafayette Hadley 


35 


Mch. 31, 65 


July 14, 65 




first Lieutenant 
Thomas H. Kelly 
Second Lieutenant 


24 
30 


May 25, 65 
Mch 29 65 


July 14, 65 
June 15 65 


Resigned 


ENLISTED MEN. 


34 


Mch. 24 65 


July 14 65 




Baker John 


36 


Mch. 23, 65 


July 14, 65 




Bidwell, Benjamin 
Bissonett, Lewis 


38 
93 


Mch. 20, 65 
Mch. 22, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 




Biggerstaff James 


36 


Mch. 22, 65 


July 14, 65 






18 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 




Boyd John F 


9q 


Mch. 18 65 




Absent on discharge of company. 




34 


Mch 29 65 


July 14 65 




Buck Sidney 


18 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14, 65 




Click Abram 


32 


Mch. 22 65 


June 8 65 


Discharged per order 


Collard, Alfred 


87 


Mch. 24, 65 


July 14, 65 




Cole James M 


20 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital 


Cripps Wm 


31 


Mch. 30 65 


July 14 65 




Dearman,Geo. W 


36 

29 


Mch. 22, 65 
Mch. 27 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Elliott, John W 
Eels Mortimer R 


19 
32 


Mch. 23, 65 
Mch. 22 65 


June 6, 65 
June 8 65 


Discharged per order. 
Discharged per order. 


Enudson, Gunder 


3f> 


Mch. 20, 65 


Julvl4, 65 




Erickson, Ole 


19 


Mch. 23. 65 


July 14, 65 






28 


Mch 25 65 


July 14 65 


Promoted Corporal 


Evenson, Mads 
Garland Wm H 


19 
31 


Mch. 25, 65 
Mch 24 65 


July 14, 65 


Discharged in hospital 65 


Gilbertson, Gilbert 
Gould Charles 


22 
39 


Mch. 20, 65 
Mch. 25, 65 


June 8 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged per order. 


Green, Ezra W 


9f> 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14, 65 




Harvey, Alphonso 


9^ 


Mch. 24, 65 


July 14, 65 


Sergeant. 


Hanson, Joseph L 


?6 


Mch. 24, 65 


July 14, 65 


Corporal. 


Hardy, Wm 


3S 


Mch. 22 65 




Died, 1865, at Parkersburg, Va. 


Hall Leslie 


19 


Mch 20 65 


July 14 65 




Harrison, Wm. W 

Hadsey Simon 


22 
82 


Mch. 24, 65 
Mch. 27, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal. 


Hoople, David 


38 


Mch. 22, 65 


July 14, 65 




Howard Silas N 


18 


Mch 22, 65 


July 26 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Ingraham, James 
Jacobson, John 


33 
3R 


Mch. 22, 65 
Mch. 23, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 




Jenkins Wm 


31 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 






41 


Mch 22 65 




Discharged in hospital 65 


Kingston, Wm. D 


19 


Mch 25* 65 


June 2 65 


Discharged per order. 


Koole Nels 


19 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 




Larson, Nils 


17 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14, 65 




Leech John 


*>3 


Mch 27, 65 


July 14 65 


Corporal. 




93 


Mch 25 65 


July 14 65 




Loomis, Daniel A 
McGaffey Oliver 


37 

37 


Mch. 22, 65 
Mch 20, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal . 


McVay, James 


?,1 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14, 65 




McKay, Hugh 


97 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14, 65 




Mitchell. George 
Morris. Wm.B...., 


31 
32 


Mch. 24, 65 
Mch. 22, 65 


July 14, 65 
June 9, 65 


Discharged in hospital. 



COMPANY G. 
ROSTEE OF COMPANY F Continued. 



75 



NAMES. 


rf 

e 
<j 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 




19 


Mch. 25 65 




Deserted April 7, 65, at La Crosse, Wis. 


Ogden John 


29 


Mch 25 65 


July 14 65 




Ogden John R 


20 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 




Oleson Ole 


18 


Mch. 22* 65 


July 14* 65 




Oleson Halver 


37 


Mch 20 65 


July 14 65 




Oleson, Austin 


97 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14 65 




Park, Zebadiah 


29 
37 


Mch. 22, 65 
Mch 24 65 


July 14, 65 
June 8 65 


< 
Discharged per order. 


Reed, Joshua 
Reardon, Timothy W 


38 
25 
39 


Mch. 22, 65 
Mch. 23, 65 
Mch 22 (55 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal. 


Simonson, John F 


87 


Mch! 22| 65 




Died at Washington, P. C. f 1865. 


Sidebottoni John 


32 


Mch 23 65 


July 14 65 




Smith, Wni. D 


<n 


Mch. 25 65 


June 6 65 


Discharged per order. 


Stewart Chas L 


18 


Mch 24 65 


July 14 65 




Stevens, August 


18 


Mch. 25, 65 


July 14, 65 


. 


Swenson, Kittel 


18 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 




Thurston, Henry H 
Vaught, Henry H 
Vinton Winfield 


32 
18 
21 


Mch. 25, 65 
Mch. 22, 65 
Mch 22 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


1st Sergeant. 
Sergeant. 


"Warner, John M 


36 


Mch. 21, 65 


July 14, 65 




Waik, Charles A .... 


17 


Mch 22 65 


June 21 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Walker, Benjamin 


?8 


Mch. 22, 65 


July 14, 65 


Sergeant. 


Warner, Harvey G 
White Wm. H 


22 
99 


Mch. 28, 65 
Mch 28 65 


July 14, 65 
June 21 65 


Corporal 1 discharged in hospital. 


Wilsey Charles 


41 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 




Williams, Julius A 


36 


Mch. 22! 65 


June 8, 65 


Discharged per order. 


Work, Adolphus C 
Wolcott, Theodore 
Wolfe, George 


23 
34 
^0 


Mch. 22, 65 
Mch. 20 , 65 
Mch. 22 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal. 


Wolfe Adam 


19 


Mch 22 65 


July 14 65 




Young, Wm. H 


?? 


Mch. 25 65 


July 14* 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Zimmer John 


^6 


Mch 27 65 


July 14 65 















ROSTER OF COMPANY G. 



NAMES. 


a 
o 
<J 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captain 
James N. Dodge 
First Lieutenant 
Orlando J. Gardner 
Second Lieutenant 
Joseph Halleck 


22 
23 
42 


Apl. 5, 65 
Apl. 5, 65 
Apl 5 65 


July 14, 65 
June 15, 65 
June 4 65 


Resigned. 

Resigned 


ENLISTED MEN. 

Adams John 


30 


Mch 28 65 


July 14 65 






28 


Mch 30 65 


June 10 65 




Allen , David T 


26 

18 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 28 65 


July 14, 65 
Tuly 14 65 


Corporal. 


Andrews, Bradford W 
Arnoldy Peter.. 


41 
32 


Mch!30, 65 
Mch 30 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Baldwin Wm 


35 


Mch 3o 65 


July 14* 65 




Beudson, Christian 


44 
24 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 30 6 *> 


July 14, 65 




Billings, Geo.W 
Borden Lysander 


20 
34 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 30 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 






16 


Mch 28* 65 


Ju lv 14* 65 




Chintiard, Lewis 


17 


Mch 24 65 


July 14 65 




Cook Fayette 


16 


Mch 30* 65 


June 8 65 


TV h 1 n (\ 


Couistock, Wm. H 
Cooper, James H 
De Grush, Wm. J 


39 
35 
24 


Mch. 30 65 
Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 30 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Sergeant. 
Died Julv 9 65 at Jeffersonville Ind 


Dodge Emerson 


17 


Mch 30 65 


July 14 65 




Drowley, George. 
Dullard, Michael 


28 
43 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 30 65 


July 14^ 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal. 


Eaton, Horace G 


93 


Mch. 27, 65 


July 14 65 


Sergeant. 


Elwiss, Francis. 
Federer, Dominick 
Felton, John 


24 
32 
3-1 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 30, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 




Fiero, Sidney A 


18 


Mch. 30, 65 




Died May 11, 63, at Washington, D. C. 


Fible, Henry 


27 


Mch. 30, 65 


July 14, 65 




Fogarty, Patrick 
Gav, Charles H 


18 

?7 


Mch. 27, 65 
Mch 23 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Garrison Geo. W 


31 


Mch 30 65 


July 14 65 




Gapp, John 
Gorman, David C. 


26 
32 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 27 65 


July 14, 65 
Aug 2 65 




Hanson, Peter 


23 


Mch 9 5 65 


July 14 65 




Harvev, Lewis E.... 


16 


Mch. 27, 65 




Died Mav 5. 65. at Citv Point. Ya. 



76 



THE FIRST BATTALION. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY G Continued. 



NAMES. 


w 
3 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Hallett Abram 


1 Q 


Mch 28 65 


July 14 65 




Heath, Charles E 


17 

27 


Men! 27J 65 
Mch 27 65 


July 14* 65 
July 14 65 




Jose, Horatio L 


43 


Mch 24* 65 


July 14 65 




Kellogg Judson 


25 


Mch 30 65 


June 8 65 


Discharged per order June 8 65 




29 


Mch 30* 65 


July 14 65 






26 


Mch 29* 65 


July 14* 65 




Lent Nicholas 


19 


Mch 30 65 


July 29* 65 


Discharged In hospital 




29 


Mch 30* 65 


May 31 65 








Mch 27* 65 


July 14* 65 






39 


Mch 28 65 




Discharged in hospital 65 


McLaughlin, Samuel 
McGill Charles 


28 
*26 


Mch. 28, 65 
Mch 27 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




McQueen Wm 


39 


Mch 30 65 


July 14 65 




Metcalf Milton B.... 


31 


Mch 30 65 


July 14* 65 




Mills Milton F 


26 


Mch 9 65 


June 8 65 






17 


Mch 21* 65 


July 14 65 




Morse Henry N . 


22 


Mch 30* 65 


July 14* 65 


Corporal. 


Nash Elbert 


31 


Mch 14* 65 


July 14 65 




Oleson Adam .... 


25 


Mch 22* 65 


July 14* 65 




Ordway, Isaac F 


19 


Mch. 14 65 


July 14, 65 




Parsons Warren 


22 


Mch 27 65 




Discharged in hospital 65. 




28 


Mch 29 65 


June 8 65 




Parks Geo. L 


19 


Mch 28* 65 


June 8. 65 




Pinney, Jerome S 
Pope Prentis A 


16 
18 


Mch. 27, 65 
Mch 30 65 


June 8, 66 


Discharged in hospital 65. 


Porter Cyren O 


43 


Mch 30 65 


July 14 65 




Prentiss, Worthington S... 


20 
23 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch 13 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Rafferty John 


38 


Mch 28 65 


June 12 65 


Discharged in hospital 


Rencill John 


25 


Mch. 14* 65 


July 14 65 




Sartwell, Theodorus 


16 


Mch. 28, 65 


July 14, 65 


Corporal. 


Schaffer Oliver P 


SS 


Mch. 27 65 


July 14, 65 




Slocum, Malvin B 


18 


Mch. 28, 65 


July 14, 65 




Stouff Joseph 


><1 


Mch. 24 65 


July 14, 65 




Stocking Frank 


99 


Mch 28 65 


July 14 65 




Thrall, Charles.. 


18 


Mch. 27, 65 


June 10, 65 


Discharged per order. 


Thompson, Algernon A.... 
Vanderwort, Edward H... 
Walker, Richard W 
Webster, John E 


18 
32 
18 
18 


Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 15, 65 
Mch. 27, 65 
Mch. 27, 65 


July 14, 65 

June 29, 65 
July 14, 65 


Died May 14, 65, at City Point, Va. 
Discharged in hospital. 


Whitcome, Valentine O.... 
Whitney, John 


18 
35 


Mch. 24, 65 
Mch. 30, 65 


June 15, 65 
July 1 4, 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


White, John 


R9 


Mch. 30, 65 


July 14, 65 




Wick wi re, Philander 
Willis, Wm. W 


27 
41 


Mch. 30, 65 
Mch. 30, 65 


June 8, 65 
July 14, 65 


Discharged per order. 
Corporal. 


Woodruff Geo. E 


94 


Mch. 27, 65 


July 14 65 


Sergeant. 


Wood, Mason H 


47 


Mch. 30, 65 


July 14, 65 















EdSTER OF COMPANY H. 



NAMES. 


K 
C5 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captain 
John C. Crawford 
First Lieutenant 
Philander C. Seeley 
Wm. W. Holden 
Second Lieutenant 
David Richardson 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Baker, Orin 


35 

j 
41 
24 

42 
41 


Apl. 14, 65 

Apl. 10, 65 
June 8, 65 

Apl. 14, 65 
Mch 31 65 


June 15, 65 

June 3, 65 
July 14, 65 

June 15, 65 
July 14 65 


Resigned. 

Resigned. 
Veteran. 

Resigned. 


Ball, John 
Baker, Benjamin F 


25 
39 


Mch. 29, 65 
Apl 1 65 


July 14 65 


Corporal 


Benedict, Henry S 
Bingham, John G 


21 
37 


Apl . 3/65 
Apl 1 5 


July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital 65. 


Blood, Milo N 


28 


Mch 28* 65 


July 14* 65 




Boie, John 


28 


Mch 28* 65 


July 14* 65 




Boyd, Isaac D 


22 


Mch 28* 65 


July 14* 65 




Bourdon, Peter 


18 


Mch 28* 65 


July 14* 65 




Burkins, James H .. .. 


18 


Apl 3 65 


July 14 65 




Burkhardt, Gotfried 
Butler, William 


19 
19 


Apl! 6J 65 
Apl 6 65 


July 14, 65 


Deserted June 1 65. . 


Cravath, O Birney 
Chesroun, George 
Chambers, Olin F 


20 
30 
17 


Mch. 25 , 65 
Mch. 31, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 


Promoted 1st Sergeant. 
Discharged in hospital 65. 


Chambers, Hamlin 
Cooper, Charles A 


16 

T> 


Apl. 7, 65 
Apl 7 65 


July 26, 65 


Discharged in hospital. 
Deserted June 1, 65. 


Close, Wm 


38 


Mch 81 65 


July 14 65 




Davis, Oscar W.... 


?6 


Aol. 5. 65 


Mav 16*. 65 


Discharged per order. 



COMPANY I. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY H Continued. 



77 



NAMES. 



Dee, William 

Degood, HartB 

Denton, Marion G , 

Durkee, Edwin 

Eastman, Leander 

Einfeldt, Henry 

Ellingson, Hittel 

Elliot, Simpson 

Erickson, Erick 

Erhmcke, Chas. H 

Farrell, Garrett 

Fisher, Albert 

Fowler, Leonard E , 

Gessell,Win 

Grinsted, Joseph H , 

Gunderson, Peter 

Gulson, Charles 

Halverson, Seben 

Halverson, Christopher., 

Harvey, Geo. K , 

Hanson, Steen, Jr 

Heliker, Samuel C 

Isaac, Lewis 

Janes, Charles 

Johnson, Andrew 

Johnson, Lewis. 

Johnson, Horace M 

Johnson, Abraham 

Kennedy, Thomas E 

Kelly, James 

Kerne, George 

Kidney, Chauncey J 

Kimber, Albert 

Larson, Paul 

Landscho, Jochim 

Laplount, J. B 

Laird, Andrew, Jr 

Miller, Edwin B 

Monson, Knudt 

Neihart, Charles 

Oleson, John 

Oleson, Lewis 

Page, Horace 

Rohwerder, Claus 

Rolf, Charles H 

Sadler, George 

Seamans, James R 

Seamans, Solomon L 

Shay, Frank 

Shay, Martin 

Stevens, Wm. A 

Swanger, Win 

Tarbox, Gonzelo E 

Thomas, Azariah 

Thompson, George G 

Tronson, Edwin E 

Tritsher, Belains 

Truesdell, Charles B 

"Wells, David 

Wheeler, Jewett W 

Whipple, Melvin J 

Williams, Peter 

Williams, Lewis 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Apl. 7, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 
Mch.31, 65 
Mch.28, 65 
Mch.31, 65 
Men. 28, 65 
Apl. 3, 6,< 
Mch.31, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 
Apl. 1 65 
Apl. 5, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 29, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Apl. 3 65 
Mch.31, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 30/65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Apl. 5, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 3/65 
Apl. 3/65 
Apl. 5/65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Apl. 4/65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 30, 65 
Mch. 30, 65 
Mch.28, 65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Mch.31, 65 
Apl. 10, 65 
Apl. 6, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 7, 65 
Mch. 31, 65 
Apl. 5, 65 
Mch. 28, 65 
Apl. 6, 65 
Apl. 3, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 
Apl. 6, 65 
Apl. 10, 65 
Apl. 4, 65 
Apl. 4 65 
Mch. 27, 65 
Mch. 31, 65 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



REMARKS. 



July 14, 65 1 
July 14, 651 
July 14, 65j 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14/65 
June 2/65 
June 24/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 
May 9/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 



June 4/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/55 
June 24, 65 
July 14/65 
May 16/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 



July 14/65 
July 14/65 
May 16/65 
July 14/65 
July 14/65 

July 21/65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



June 5, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 9, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
Sept. 28 , 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, So 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 



July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
June 16, 65 
July 14, G5 



Promoted Corporal. 
Sergeant. 



Corporal. 
Corporal. 

Discharged per order. 
Discharged in hospital. 
Corporal. 

Discharged per order. 



Discharged in hospital 60. 
Discharged per order. 



Discharged in hospital. 
Discharged per order. 

Corporal. 
Promoted Sergeant. 

Promoted Sergeant. 
Discharged in hospital 65. 

Discharged per order. 

Corporal. 

Died May 29, 65, at Alexandria, Va. 

Discharged per order. 



Discharged in hospital, Aug. 10, 65. 
Discharged per order. 

Discharged per order. 



Discharged in hospital. 

Corporal, Sergeant. 

Died June 2, 65, at Munson s Hill, Va. 

Discharged per order June 16. 65. 
Discharged in hospital 65. 



ROSTER OF COMPANY I. 



NAMES. 


H 

o 
^ 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captain 
John N. Wallingford 
First Lieutenant 
Jacob Z. Barncord 
Second Lieutenant: 
Win. J. Cornman 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Ayers, Charles G 


31 
22 
29 

37 


Apl. 25, 65 
Apl. 25, 65 
Apl. 25, 65 
Apl. 7 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Barnett, Darius 


18 


Apl 8 65 


July 14 60 




Beatty Daniel. 


25 


Apl 10 65 


July 14* 65 




Brooks, Israel.... 


18 


Apl. 11. 65 


Julv 14. 65 





78 



THE FIRST BATTALION. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY I Continued. 



NAMES. 


w 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Card Levi A .... 


00 








Census Caspar 


38 

40 


Mch ft 65 




,,,,. A . 


Cooper, Ezra 
Coon Henry 


37 
2*> 


ApL 5/65 
Mch 7 65 


July 14, 65 
July 7 65 


First Sergeant. 


Cross, Nathan M 
Cutting Chester S 


29 


Api. ll! 65 
Apl 10 65 


July 14, 65 


large ospita 


Davis Samuel 


30 


Apl 10* 65 






De Groff Oscar 




Apl 8* 65 




TV v, ^ on ip- 


Emerick, Roswell L 
Evans John D 


30 
17 


Apl! 8* 65 
Apl 13 65 


July 14, 65 


Corporal. 












Farrell Geo. G 


22 


Apl 3 65 






French Gilmau J 


16 


Apl 11* 65 




~? e . r 6ant. 


Gilchrist, Aaron 


21 


Apl 11 65 






Green Franklin 


24 


Mch 18* 65 








01 






TV V, A 1, 


Harris Thos. A 


18 


Apl 13 65 






Hackett, Michael 


35 


Mch 28* 65 


July 29 65 


D h d d T 1 - 9 6*5 


Hayes Thomas 


18 


Apl 10* 65 




O ea per orcier juiy _y, oo. 




32 


Apl 10* 65 






Hamilton, Geo. H 


35 


Apl 11 65 


July 14 J 65 




Hale Darue P 


26 


Apl 11* 65 






Hanson, Erick 
Hanson Hans 


28 
28 


Apl! 11 65 
Apl 11 65 


July 14, 65 




Hemmingwav, J. C 


28 


Apl 10 65 


T uly 14* 65 




Hickey John 


16 


Apl 14* 65 




, 


Hudson, David A 


33 


\pl 10 65 


July 14 65 




Ives, Stephen 


32 
30 


Apl. 10, 65 
Apl 11 65 


July 14* 65 


Sergeant. 


Kinkle, Swan E 
Knapp, Hiram A 
Kruger, Christian 


35 
24 
24 


Apl! 3* 65 
Apl. 6, 65 
Apl 8 65 


May 16, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


L<ent Abram. 


18 


Apl 12* 65 






Lyons, Edward M 
Mathews, Chas. M 
Maxwell Wm H 


16 
17 
32 


Apl. 10J 65 
Apl. 13, 65 
Apl 11 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 




Miller James B 


18 


Apl* 8* 65 






Mills, Charles P 


18 


Apl 12* 65 


July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital. 


Morton, John M 


19 


Apl 10* 65 


July 14 65 




Morey Marion 


18 


Mch 24* 65 




TV V. /) V, VI 


Morin, Joseph 


18 


Apl 4 65 


May 16 65 




Murdick, Salmon H 


39 


Apl lo 65 


July 14* 65 


Discharged in hospita . 


Mulcary, John 


37 


Mch 2 9 65 


July 14* 65 




Nisbit, John. 


23 


Apl 11* 65 








19 


Apl 14* 65 






Nystadt, Erick A . . . 




Mch 14* 65 


July 14 65 




Peck, Henry 


29 


Apl 3* 65 


July 14* 65 




Pixley, Ariel 


27 


Apl 6 65 


July 14 65 




Pixley George W 


19 


Apl 6* 65 






Pitcher, Wm. A 


21 


Apl* 10* 65 


July 14 65 




Pollock, Robert. 


35 


Apl 5* 65 


July 14* 65 


Q 


Prescott, Amasa A 


19 


Apl* 10* 65 


May 7* 65 




Quigley, Thomas 
Kedner, Frank 


40 
17 


Mch. 15, 65 
Apl 10 65 


July 14*, 65 
July 14 65 




Reese, Isaac 


31 


A.pl 10 65 


July 14* 65 




Reese, Coleman 


22 


May 28* 65 


July 14* 65 




Reid, Hugo 


21 


Mch 14 65 






Rice, Richard 


26 


Apl 3* 65 


July 14 65 




Rvan, Daniel 










Santee, Charles. 


36 


Mch 18 65 


May 16 65 




Sears,Sacket 


38 


Apl lO* 65 


July 14 65 




Schwab, Cyrus 


37 


Apl 5 65 


July 14* 65 




Shafey,Mile 9 A 
Sheehy, Owen, Jr 


22 
26 


Apl! 10, 65 
Apl 8 65 


July 14, 65 
Aug 21 65 


Discharged in hospital -Vug ^1 65 


Sheldon, Hudson B 
Smith, Levi 


18 
20 


Apl. 14. 65 
Apl 8 65 


July 14, 65 
July 14 65 




Smith, Adelbert 
Smith, James L 
Stanbury,Chas.H 


18 
23 
19 


Apl. 10J 65 
Apl. 14, 65 
Apl. 13 65 


July 14* 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Corporal. 


Torrence, Robert 


17 


Mch. 28 65 




Discharged per order 


Trowbridge, Leveret H 
Ullman, Sebastian 
Van Renselaer, Samuel G 
Van Renselaer, H. W 
Whipple, Ira.... 


24 
28 
16 
21 
25 


Apl. 11, 65 
Mch. 20, 65 
Apl. 8, 65 
Apl. 11, 65 
Apl 10 65 


July 14, 65 
May 16, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14 65 


Discharged in hospital. 

Sergeant. 


Woodruff, Francis M 
Young, John 


18 
37 


Apl. ll| 65 
Jan 20 65 


July 14*, 65 
May 16 65 















NARRATIVE OF THE SECOND REGIMENT. 



BY GENERAL J. W. BISHOP. 

The surrender and evacuation of Fort Sumter on the morning of Sunday, 
April 14, 1861, was followed on Monday, the 15th, by the president s proclama 
tion and call for 75,000 men to serve three months. 

In orders from the War Department these were apportioned among the sev 
eral states not then in open rebellion in ninety-four regiments of seven hundred 
and eighty men each, the remainder (1,680 men) to be contributed by the Dis 
trict of Columbia. Hon. Alex. Eamsey, governor of Minnesota, being then in 
Washington, immediately tendered the regiment required from his state, and an 
executive proclamation, signed by Lieut. Gov. Ignatius Donnelly, was published 
in St. Paul April 16th. It was accompanied by "Special Order, No. 1, Adju 
tant General s Office, State of Minnesota, April 16, 1861," by Wm. H. Acker, 
adjutant general. This order called for one regiment of ten companies, each 
of seventy-six officers and men, and it provided "that the first ten companies so 
organized and reported ready for service at this office by their respective cap 
tains will be received, provided that the several militia companies already or 
ganized will be entitled to the preference for the space of ten days from this date, 
upon complying with the foregoing requirements." Under this call the First 
Regiment was organized, and, after being remustered for three years, was sent to 
Washington. Several more companies were tendered for that regiment than 
could be accepted, and those in excess of the number required were advised to 
maintain their organization in expectation that a second regiment might be 
called for. 

The second call was received by the governor of Minnesota June 14th, and 
immediately announced to the people of the state, and everywhere the enlist 
ment for the Second Regiment began. On the 23d, Company A (Capt. J. W. 
Bishop) from Chatfield reported at Fort Snelling, and next day Company B 
(Capt. Wm. Markham) from Rochester also reported. On the 26th both these 
companies were mustered into the service, and were followed by Company C 
(Capt. Peter Mantor) June 29th, Companies D (Capt. H. H. Western) and E 
(Capt. A. K. Skaro) July 5th, Companies F (Capt. J. B. Davis) and G (Capt. 
A. R. Kiefer) July 8th, Company H (Capt. N. W. Dickerson) July 15th, and 
Companies I (Capt. John Foot) and K (Capt. J. J. Noah) were mustered in as 
the men were recruited, completing their organization July 20th and August 
23d respectively. After being partially armed, uniformed and supplied, Com 
pany A marched out from Fort Snelling on the 3d of July, with orders to gar 
rison the post at Fort Ripley, one hundred and thirty miles distant on the 
upper Mississippi River. This march was made wholly on foot in seven days, 
one wagon being allowed for baggage and rations. This was our first experience 
on our soldier legs, and to many of the men it was a pretty tough one, but they all 
came through it in good condition and spirit. Company F (Capt. John B. Davis) 
followed a few days later to Fort Ripley, and Companies B and C went to Fort 
Abercrornbie, on the upper Red River, and Companies D and E to Fort Ridgley, 
on the upper Minnesota River; the other companies remained at Fort Snelling. 
Thus located, the next few weeks were devoted to drill and instruction of the men. 

On the 22d of July the governor appointed H. P. Van Cleve as colonel, 
James George as lieutenant colonel, and Simeon Smith as major. Lieut. Daniel 
Heaney of Company B was appointed adjutant, and Lieut. Wm. Grow of Com 
pany I as quartermaster. Two days later Reginald Bingham was appointed sur- 



80 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

geon, Moody C. Tolman, assistant surgeon, and Rev. Timothy Cressey, chaplain. 
Maj. Smith was, within a few days, appointed paymaster in the regular army, 
and on the 10th of September Capt. Alex. "Wilkin of the First Minnesota Regi 
ment was appointed major in the Second, vice Smith. Col. Van Cleve had been 
an officer in the regular army and Lieut. Col. George and Maj. Wilkin had served 
as volunteer officers in the Mexican War. None of the other officers had ever 
had any actual military service in the field so far as is known to the writer. A 
band of twenty members was here organized and enlisted, with Michael Esch 
as leader, and at the expense of the state was equipped with instruments and 
music. 

About the 20th of September orders were sent out from regimental head 
quarters recalling the detached companies from the several garrisoned posts, and 
within the first week of October the regiment was assembled, for the first time, 
at Fort Snelling. Here a few days were devoted to active preparation for going 
to the front. Instruction and drill, guard-mounts and dress parades, and issues 
of clothing, equipments, arms and ammunition, made a very busy week of it. As 
the time for departure approached, the camp was thronged with visitors, some 
curious to see the evolutions and parades, and some to take leave of their soldier 
boys who might never return. Most of the companies were now full, or nearly 
full, to the maximum number (one hundred and one), and the regiment paraded 
nearly 1,000 officers and men, well equipped, and, considering their brief service, 
well disciplined and instructed, though poorly armed with old muskets of several 
different kinds and calibers. 

GOING TO THE WAR. 

On the morning of the 14th of October, 1861, the regiment embarked on a 
large river steamboat under orders for Washington, D. C. An hour later we 
had disembarked at the upper levee in St. Paul, for a parade march through the 
city. The people had come out in masses to see us off, and Third street from the 
Seven Corners to the lower levee was lined with crowds of enthusiastic men, 
women and children, who waved hats, handkerchiefs and flags, and greeted our 
passing column with cheers and smiles and tears and blessings that, at times, 
drowned the gay music of the band and broke up the rythmic tramp of the pla 
toons in spite of our efforts to be, or at least to appear, soldierly. The march 
ended at the lower levee, where we re-embarked and proceeded down the river. 
Throngs of loyal people greeted us at every landing, the friends of the several com 
panies having come from their homes, some of them from interior towns, to bid 
the boys a last) good-by. At La Crosse we were transferred to the railroad and 
arrived, without noteworthy adventure, at Chicago on the morning of the 16th, 
and were marched to and quartered in the " Wig warn," the large, temporary 
building where Abraham Lincoln had been nominated for the presidency at the 
National Republican Convention the year before. We spent the night there and 
marched the next day to the Pittsburgh & Fort Wayne Railroad depot and boarded 
a train for Pittsburgh, where we arrived in the afternoon of the 18th. 

Here we were most hospitably received and conducted to a public hall, where 
a bountiful hot supper was served by an association of loyal and generous ladies, 
who personally attended the tables, to which the soldiers did ample justice. 
This kind reception and others like it were not lost upon the soldiers. They 
remembered and talked of them wherever they went, and many a camp-fire was 
brightened by the memory of the kind words and gracious and sympathetic 
attention of women, to whom all Union soldiers were as sons and brothers. 
Here our orders were changed from Washington, D. C., to Kentucky, and on 
the 19th we embarked on three small steamers, and, after a delightful voyage 
down the Ohio River, arrived at Louisville on the 22d, where Col. Van Cleve 
reported the arrival of the regiment to Gen. W. T. Sherman, then, commanding 
the Department of the Cumberland, and received orders to proceed by rail that 
evening to Lebanon Junction, thirty miles distant south on the Louisville & 
Nashville railroad. We were loaded on a train of open flat cars and spent the 
night in a cold rainstorm, making the trip at about six miles per hour, stopping 



GOING TO THE WAR. 81 

awhile ab every side track, until, about 4 o clock A. M., we disembarked and 
stacked arms iu a field near the junction. 

Here we relieved the Ninteenth Illinois Regiment, then commanded by Col. 
J. B. Turchin. Some time in the day, October 23d, our baggage and tents arrived 
on another train, which had started with us but in some inexplainable manner 
had actually run slower than we had. Our camp was set in regulation style, in 
a field jusfc within the angle formed by the main and Lebanon branch tracks, and 
at retreat camp guard was mounted and we considered the war begun so far 
as we were concerned. We remained here several weeks, sending out detach 
ments to guard the railroad bridges in the vicinity, and keeping up the round 
of guard and picket duty, drill and instruction. Reveille was sounded an hour 
before daylight, and we then had to stand to arms until sunrise to guard against 
a surprise by the enemy. The camp ground was damp and unhealthy, and in 
this tedious morning hour the fog settled over us like a cold, wet blanket. Our 
sick list increased considerably until the ground was drained by deep ditches 
between the rows of tents, and the practice was adopted of serving every man, 
at early roll call, a cup of hot coffee and a hardtack, which kept him warm and 
cheerful until breakfast time. Here the paymaster called upon us and squared 
our account to the 31st of October, and here we enjoyed our first Thanksgiving 
dinner as soldiers. 

On the 15th of November Gen. D. C. Buell assumed the command at Louis 
ville, and on the 2d of December organized the troops in Kentucky into the 
Army of the Ohio. Gen. George H. Thomas assumed command on the 6th of 
the First Division, comprised of the First, Second and Third brigades, our regi 
ment being assigned to the Third, which was composed as follows:- Third Bri 
gade, Col. R. L. McCook commanding; Eighteenth Regiment United States 
Infantry, Col. H. B. Carrington; Second Regiment Minnesota Volunteers, Col. 
H. P. Van Cleve; Thirty-fifth Regiment Ohio Volunteers, Col. F. Van Derveer; 
Ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteers, Lieut. Col. G. Kanimerling. 

On the 8th of December the Third Minnesota Regiment arrived to relieve 
us at Lebanon Junction, and the next day we went by rail, thirty -seven miles, to 
Lebanon, where Gen. Thomas had established his headquarters. Now, for the 
first time, we were brigaded with other troops and had an opportunity to com 
pare our own with other regiments. The Ninth Ohio, whose colonel (Robert L. 
McCook) was our brigade commander, was composed entirely of Germans, few 
of whom could speak English. The Thirty-fifth Ohio was our senior by several 
months of service, mostly in Kentucky. 

Both these regiments were brigaded with ours from this time until their mus 
ter-out, at the expiration of their three years of service, and we had time and 
opportunity for close acquaintance and comradeship, which we remember pleas 
antly after these many years. The Eighteenth United States Regular Infantry 
was then one of the newly organized regiments of three battalions of eight com 
panies each. They held themselves somewhat apart from the volunteers, and 
before we had got fairly on the same plane with them as soldiers they were 
placed, with other regular regiments, in a brigade by themselves, the Eighty-sev 
enth Indiana taking their place in our brigade. 

Here we came into the immediate presence of George H. Thomas, then a new 
brigadier general of volunteers, under whom, as our division, corps or army 
commander, we served continuously for the next three years, until the beginning 
of the Grand March to the Sea, in November, 1864. Of him, as a man, a soldier 
or a commander, no man who has ever served with him has any words but of 
respectful admiration. We remained in camp at Lebanon about three weeks, 
devoting the time mainly to battalion drill and to general instruction in mili 
tary duties. Our camp ground was reasonably fit for the purpose, the weather 
not unpleasant for the season, rations were fully and regularly issued, and alto 
gether we fared better, as soldiers, than we knew or appreciated at the time. 
With all the comforts of the situation, however, we grew weary of mere prepara 
tion, and the announcement that we were about to commence an active cam 
paign received a general and genuine welcome in the camps. 



82 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

THE MILL SPRINGS CAMPAIGN. 

On the morning of the 1st of January, 1862, our brigade folded the tents r 
loaded the baggage train, and, with bands playing and colors displayed, marched 
out on the Columbia pike. Thirteen wagons were allotted for the tents and bag 
gage of each regiment, and they were loaded to their roofs. Each man was ex 
pected to carry his musket and accouterinents, with forty rounds of ball cartridges, 
knapsack with all his personal property, overcoat, blanket, canteen, and haver 
sack with three days 7 rations in it; in all, forty to forty-five pounds. We marched 
that day fourteen miles, and the next twelve miles, encamping near Campbells- 
ville. Here we found that most of the men were tired, sore- footed and hungry, 
and many of them had lost their overcoats, blankets or some other part of their 
loads on the way. The roads were, however, hard and smooth, and the wagons 
had come up in good season, so we made comfortable camps, We remained 
here four days while the wagon trains went back to Lebanon and returned with 
more rations and supplies, and, on the 7th, marched again with somewhat bet 
ter preparation than before; the men carrying more rations and less unneces 
sary stuif in their knapsacks. On the 8th we passed through Columbia, and here, 
leaving the pike, we turned eastward on the dirt road. It immediately began to 
rain, and before night the road was almost impassable. The next ten days were 
spent alternately in short, but tedious marches in the mud, slush and rain, and iu 
waiting for the wagon trains to come up; so about half the nights and days the 
troops, without shelter, were lying in the woods or fields along the roadside. 
This, in midwinter, was a very discouraging experience to the volunteers then 
on their first eampaign. Yet they learned speedily to make themselves as com 
fortable as circumstances permitted, and things were never so bad that some fun 
could not be had. 

Gen. Buell had issued an order that no private property should be appropri 
ated without proper authority, and thus far the fuel had been furnished by the 
quartermaster; but one evening we encamped in some open fields, where there was 
no cut wood or forest accessible. The fields were, however, well fenced with dry 
rails, and, after some exasperating delay, authority was obtained to use, in this 
emergency, "only the top rail" of the fence along the color line. The cheery 
camp-fires were soon blazing and we had plenty of fuel all the night; next 
morning the fence was gone. The company commanders were called to account 
for its disappearance, but were unable to find any man who took any but the "top 
rail. " As we passed through the country we found, usually, only old men, women 
and children at home, most of the able-bodied citizens having joined some regi 
ment on one side or the other. In some cases brothers had enlisted in- 
opposing regiments. Generally, the people at home were not seriously foraged 
upon or molested; but occasionally pigs and geese did come into the camp, 
and were duly "mustered into the army." On the 17th of January the head 
of the column arrived at Logan s Cross-roads, nine miles north of Zollicoffer s 
intrenched camp at Beech Grove, and seven miles west of Somerset, where the 
First Brigade, commanded by Gen. Schoepf, was posted. Beech Grove was a 
naturally good position, on the north bank of the Cumberland, on the east side 
of Oak Creek, at its junction with the river. Mill Springs, by which name the 
campaign and battle are known in our history, was on the south bank of the 
Cumberland, opposite Beech Grove, and had no relation to the battle as far as is 
known; neither had Fishing Creek, from which the Confederates named the affair 
which took place on the 19th, at Logan s Cross-roads. Here we halted for the 
closing up of the column and to await Schoepf s Brigade, which was ordered 
to join us. 

The First and Second East Tennessee (Union) Infantry regiments, under Brig. 
Gen. Carter, were temporarily attached to our division at this time, also a bat 
talion of Michigan Engineer troops. On the 18th, of the forces present, the Second 
Minnesota, Ninth Ohio and Twelfth Kentucky, with the engineer battalion, were 
encamped around Thomas headquarters, on the Columbia, Somerset road, 
three-quarters of a mile west of Logan s house. At and near Logan s house 



THE MILL SPRINGS CAMPAIGN. 83 

were the Fourth Kentucky, Tenth Indiana and First and Second East Tennes 
see, the battalion of Wolford s Cavalry, and two Ohio batteries, Kenny s and 
Standart s. Schoepf, with Wetmore s Kentucky Battery, the Thirty -third Indi 
ana and Seventeenth and Thirty -eighth Ohio, were at Somerset, and the Tenth 
Kentucky and Fourteenth Ohio were on the road, some miles back toward 
Columbia. All these forces joined us the afternoon and evening after the battle, 
as did the Thirty -fifth Ohio. The Eighteenth Eegulars were still further away r 
and did not arrive until several days afterward. So we had, present and available 
for the battle, seven regiments, two battalions and two batteries. Only four regi 
ments and one battalion were, however, engaged seriously enough to have any 
casualties. 

Gen. Crittenden, the Confederate commander, in his report giving the order 
of march, names in his column of attack eight regiments, three battalions and 
two batteries. All his regiments were engaged in the battle and lost heavily on 
the field, according to his official report and casualty list. Between Thomas 
headquarters and Logan s farm the Columbia-Somerset road runs nearly east 
and west. Another road led from Logan s farm southward to Beech Grove and 
Mill Springs, and is called the Mill Springs road in the reports. The battle 
field of the 19th was on both sides of this road, and from half a mile to a mile 
south from the cross-roads or junction at Logan s house. The ground was 
undulating and mostly covered with thick woods and brush, with some small 
open fields inclosed by the usual rail fence of the country. 

The night of the 18th Company A was on the picket line. It was the darkest 
night with the coldest and most pitiless and persistent rain we ever knew. It 
was with great difficulty that the sentinels could be visited or relieved at all 
during the night, and the cooking of supper, or even of coffee, was, in the absence 
of shelter, out of the question. Nothing happened to break the tedious monot 
ony of the night; but it has since occurred to us that if we had known that Crit 
tenden s forces had at midnight turned out of their comfortable tents and dry 
blankets and all those six weary hours were sloshing along in the mud and storm 
and darkness, we could have much enjoyed the contemplation of their physical 
and spiritual condition. It was always some comfort to the soldier on such a 
night as this to think that his enemy over there was at least as wet and cold and 
wretched as he was himself. Just at daybreak the enemy s advance struck the 
picket of the Tenth Indiana, and a musket-shot, another, and then five or six more 
in quick succession rang out with startling distinctness over on the Mill Springs 
road, a mile or more to our left and front. This was the first rebel shot we had ever 
heard. Every man was keenly awake and alive with expectation, when again 
on the Mill Springs road firing broke out, nearer than before, scattering at first, 
then thicker and faster as the enemy s advance encountered the picket reserve. 
After a few minutes all was still again at the front, but in the camps behind us 
the long roll was beating and the companies were forming in hot haste, and pres 
ently we heard our regiment and the Ninth Ohio moving off toward Logan s 
farm. Then the firing broke out again as the enemy came up to the Tenth 
Indiana and later to the Fourth Kentucky, those regiments having hastily got into 
position in the woods about half a mile in front of their camps. Here the enemy 
were held for some time and were compelled to bring up and deploy their two 
brigades for an attack in full force. In the meantime the Second Minnesota and 
Ninth Ohio arrived (nine companies of each), and, in good order, were put 
into the field under Gen. Thomas personal direction, the Second taking the line 
first occupied successively by the Tenth and Fourth (which regiments had 
retired to replenish their ammunition), and the Ninth Ohio forming on the 
right; the Mill Springs road dividing the two newly arrived regiments. The 
new line was immediately advanced some distance through the woods, guiding 
on the road. The rain had now ceased, but the air was loaded with mist and 
smoke, and the underbrush in our part of the field was so thick that a man was 
hardly visible a musket s length away. Suddenly the Second s lines came 
against a rail fence with an open field in front, and a line of the enemy s troops 
was dimly seen through the mist some twenty or thirty rods distant in the field. 



84 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

The firing commenced immediately, and in a few minutes the enemy s line just 
mentioned had disappeared. It was, in fact, his second line, the first being lit 
erally under the guns and noses of the Second Eegiment, only the fence inter 
vening. The sudden arrival of the Second at this fence was a surprise to the 
rebel Twentieth Tennessee, which was already just arrived there, and it was a 
surprise to our boys to discover, in the heat of the engagement, that the oppo 
site side of the fence was lined with recumbent rebels. Here, as Col. R. L. 
McCook says in his official report, "the contest was at first almost hand to hand; 
the enemy and the Second Minnesota were poking their guns through the same 
fence. " This condition of affairs could not and did not, last long after our boys 
really discovered and got after them; many of the enemy were killed and 
wounded there, but more of them after they got up and were trying to get away. 
Some remained and surrendered. One lieutenant, as the firing ceased, stood a 
few paces in front of Company I of the Second and calmly faced his fate. His 
men had disappeared and he was called upon to surrender. He made no reply, 
but raising his revolver fired into our ranks with deliberate aim, shooting Lieu 
tenant Stout through the body. Further parley was useless and he was shot dead 
where he stood. He was young Bailie Peyton, the son of a noble sire, whose 
sword, presented by the citizens of New Orleans, for his gallant service in the 
Mexican War, was here found on the dead body of his son. We met his father 
later, at his home near Gallatin, Tennessee. He was one of the foremost Union 
men of the state, and it was an inexpressible grief to him that his only son should 
have enlisted in the rebel cause. He said that his only comfort was in the reflec 
tion that he did not die a coward. The enemy in front of the Ninth Ohio, shel 
tered by some buildings and fences, obstinately maintained their position, and a 
bayonet charge, in which part of the Second joined, was finally ordered and 
made, and this finished the fight. 

Company A was, by the field officer of the day, detained on the picket line 
until the battle was fairly opened, when permission was obtained to join the 
regiment, and we started on a run across the plowed fields in a direct line for the 
battle. As we approached the woods we were obliged to deflect somewhat to 
the left to find an open way, and finally got into the Mill Springs road, about a 
quarter of a mile north of the battle ground, just as the final charge was made. 
The yelling of the charging regiment was, if possible, more stimulating to us 
than the musketry had been, but in fact we were nearly exhausted physically 
when we turned southward in the narrow winding road toward the field of battle. 
Now we met the stragglers and skulkers and the wounded. Of the first 
stretcher, one of the bearers was that courtly gentleman and honored citizen, 
Mr. Charles Scheffer of St. Paul. He was then state treasurer, and had on the 
previous day taken from our regiment the allotments of pay then authorized to 
be paid to the families or dependents at home. He had gone out to the battle 
with the regiment and had found this opportunity to render a kind service to the 
wounded men. As we approached the fighting ground the trees were flecked 
with bullets and the underbrush was cut away as with a scythe, the dead and 
wounded lay along the fence, on one side the blue, on the other the gray; further 
on the enemy s dead were everywhere scattered across the open field, and lay in 
a windrow along the ridge where the second line had stood. We halted a moment 
where the body of General Zollicoffer lay beside the wagon track. He had been 
shot through the heart by Colonel Fry of the Fourth Kentucky, early in the 
battle. The two officers, each with an aid, had met in the narrow winding 
roadway as they were respectively getting their troops into position on each 
side of it. All wore waterproof coats or ponchos, and at first- did not recognize 
each other as enemies; as soon as they did, revolvers were drawn; Zollicoffer s 
aid fired at Colonel Fry and got out of the way, leaving his chief to fall by the 
return he had invited. The body had been dragged out of the way of passing 
artillery and wagons, and lay by the fence, the face upturned to the sky and 
bespattered with roud from the feet of passing men and horses. It was decently 
cared for later, and, with that of Bailie Peyton, was sent through the lines to 
Nashville for interment. We soon found our regiment and joined it. The battle 



THE MILL SPRINGS CAMPAIGN. 85 

was over, and the inob of demoralized fugitives in the distance were rapidly get 
ting out of sight. 

The pursuit was tedious and uneventful. Occasionally a few shots were ex 
changed with the enemy s rear guard, and some exhausted or wounded stragglers 
captured were all we had to enliven the chase until we approached Moulden s 
Hill, a high ridge within a mile of, and commanding, the intrenched camp at 
Beech Grove. Here a show of resistance was made, and General Thomas halted 
and developed his forces in order of attack and advanced up the easy slope of 
the hill. When our skirmish line reached the crest of the ridge the enemy s 
rear guard was seen in full retreat again, and soon disappeared within their 
camp. Our batteries were brought up, and one of them, posted on the left near 
the river, practiced awhile with shell on a little steamer crossing and recrossing 
the stream at a point below the camp, provoking a reply from the enemy s guns, 
which, however, did no harm. The enemy s camp appeared to be well protected 
by earthworks, abatis and intrenchments. After a brief survey of the situa 
tion, as far as it was then to be seen, General Thomas bivouacked his troops in 
line of battle where they were, and during the evening the other regiments of 
his command which had not been in the battle came up. The night was clear 
and cold, and the men of Company A had had no food or rest during the thirty 
hours past, and none of the regiments had eaten during the day. The exposure 
to the storm during the night, the excitement and physical exhaustion of the 
morning s wild race across the soft-plowed field, of the battle and the day s 
tramp, began to tell. Rations had been spoiled in the haversacks by the rain, 
or left behind in the morning, and not until nine or ten o clock in the evening, 
when the trains came up. was anything procurable to eat. That night s exposure 
broke down many strong men in our regiment, who never recovered for duty. 
Next morning our regiment marched into the camp of the Twentieth Tennessee, 
within the intrenchments, and filed off in the company streets just as we would 
have done in our own. Apparently the Twentieth men had not visited their 
camp at all since they left it to attack; provisions, clothing, blankets, and all 
the comforts that accumulate about a soldier during a month in camp were here 
in profusion. All the camps were left by the enemy s regiments in like manner, 
the tents standing, and officers baggage and personal effects, and supplies of all 
sorts in hospitable abandonment. All the artillery except one gun left behind 
mired in the road was found, fully horsed and standing in the narrow roadway 
leading down into the valley from the camp; the leading gun had locked a wheel 
on a small tree, and the whole train had been then and there abandoned. More 
than 1,000 horses and mules, and abundant stores of forage were found in the 
camp. A few sick, wounded and skulkers were added to our list of prisoners, 
but the army that had a few hours before marched out in that midnight storm to 
surprise General Thomas was now scattered all over the country south of the 
Cumberland, every man getting away as fast and as far as he could. Probably 
not many of those men were ever brought together again as organized regiments; 
they certainly spread dismay and consternation all over the country wherever 
they went, and doubtless this contributed much to succeeding Union victories in 
Tennessee. The little steamer, which had been for twelve hours crossing the 
stampeded rebels, was set on fire by the last to cross and drifted down the river 
and out of sight. Schoepf s Brigade was sent on the 21st across the river to 
pursue the enemy, but there was no enemy to be found and he returned. The 
dead of both armies were buried on the 20th and 21st, and the wounded cared 
for as well as circumstances permitted. 

On the 23d we marched to Somerset and thence southward about two miles. 
Our trains were mired in the road near Fishing Creek, about three miles from 
Logan s, and we spent a cold, miserable night without shelter. On the 24th we 
encamped in a pleasant field on the north bank of the Cumberland Eiver, where 
we made ourselves comfortable for a few days. Meantime our sick and wounded 
men were distributed in all the available buildings in and near Somerset, and in 
these temporary hospitals were cared for as well as could be under the circum 
stances. Many a brave fellow who, in anticipation of a battle, had cheerfully 



86 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

endured the hardships of the march, now succumbed. The sick largely outnum 
bered the wounded, and our permanent loss from diseases, originated or devel 
oped in this campaign, was more than fifteen per cent of the total force, while 
the killed and wounded was less than seven and one-half per cent of the troops 
engaged, many of the wounded being only temporarily disabled. Of the cam 
paign it might be said that it would have been a severe one, even for veterans. 
The battle was on both sides desperately contested while it lasted, but was soon 
over, and the victory on the field was decisive and complete. Among the 
trophies was a flag of the Fifteenth Mississippi, captured by the Second Minne 
sota, and by General Thomas forwarded to the War Department. Another trophy 
thafc now reposes in the goodly company of war-worn flags in the adjutant gen 
eral s office at the capitol is a handsome banner with the inscription, "Mill 
Springs. January 19, 1862, Second Eegiment Minnesota Volunteer Infantry; 
Presented in Behalf of the Loyal Ladies of Louisville, Ky." In the nine com 
panies engaged of our regiment, twelve were killed and thirty three wounded. 
In the four regiments and Wolford s Battalion engaged, the Union loss was forty 
killed and two hundred and seven wounded. Total casualties, two hundred and 
forty-seven. The Confederate loss was stated by General Crittenden at one hun 
dred and twenty-six killed, three hundred and nine wounded and ninety-nine 
missing; total, five hundred and thirty-four; but General Thomas reports the 
Confederate dead, buried by our troops, at one hundred and ninety two, and the 
unwounded prisoners at eighty-nine, which, with the three hundred and nine 
wounded and ten missing not captured, make the Confederate loss six hundred. 
Under the circumstances, Thomas must be conceded to be the better authority 
as to the dead and prisoners. 

MILL SPRINGS TO SHILOH. 

On the 10th of February we folded our tents again and began the return 
march to Louisville. In the afternoon we encamped a mile north of Somerset, 
where we remained the next day, and said good-by to many of our comrades in 
the hospitals, who were too sick or too badly wounded to be moved. Here it 
rained and snowed alternately, as it did in fact nearly every day of the march to 
the Ohio Eiver. The roads were almost impassable and the companies were 
ordered each to march with its wagon to help it along, as it often became neces 
sary to do. On the 14th we arrived at Crab Orchard, where we struck the i pike. 
as macadamized roads are called in that country, and thenceforward the march 
ing was less tedious, though the weather did not much improve. On the 15th 
we passed through Stanford, and on the 16th arrived at Danville, where we rested 
one day while it rained. On the 18th we made a long march, passing through Perry - 
ville, and encamped within two or three miles of Lebanon. On the 19th we 
marched all day in a drenching rainstorm and encamped on the farm of Dr. 
Jackson, a brother of the man who killed Colonel Ellsworth at Alexandria, Va., 
in the summer of 1861. The doctor was absent under military arrest, but his 
hospitality was freely drawn upon by the tired and hungry men, who left nothing 
there next morning that could be drunk, eaten or carried away. On the 24th we 
passed through Bardstown, and on the 25th arrived at Louisville about 3 P. M., 
and were received with a most enthusiastic welcome. The sidewalks were full 
of loyal men, and flags were waved to us from windows and porches as we gaily 
marched the principal streets toward the river. At the National Hotel the regi 
ment was halted and faced to the front, while a deputation of the " Loyal Ladies 
of Louisville" came out and presented the beautiful silk banner referred to in 
the preceding paragraph. After a brief response by Col. Yan Cleve, our march 
was resumed and we went on board the large steamer Jacob Strader at the levee. 

Meantime, on the 6th, Fort Henry, and on the 16th, Fort Donelson, had been 
captured, and the way was now open to Nashville by the Ohio and Cumberland 
rivers. On the 26th our baggage, mules and wagons were taken aboard at Port 
land, just below the falls, and three miles from Louisville levee, and we proceeded 
down the river, very glad of the change from marching to sailing. On the 2Sth 
we arrived at Smithland and entered the Cumberland, and passing Fort Donelson 



MILL SPRINGS TO SHILOH. 87 

on the 1st of March and Clarksville on the 2d, arrived at Nashville next day. 
On the 4th we disembarked, and encamped about three miles out of the city on 
the " Granny White Pike." Here we had a pleasant and healthy camp and fine 
spring weather. Ample supplies of clothing, rations and ammunition were 
issued and accumulated, and a good many of our sick and slightly wounded, who 
had been left behind, now joined us for duty. Meantime, arrangements had been 
made for a junction of Buell s and Halleck s forces to be effected near the great 
bend of the Tennessee Biver; Savannah, on the east bank, being finally desig 
nated by General Halleck as the point. On the 16th of March McCook s division 
of Buell s army commenced the march toward the appointed rendezvous, followed 
in order, one day apart, by those of Nelson, Crittenden, Wood and Thomas. 
Our division, having had a battle already, was, in this new campaign, assigned 
to the rear of the column, and marched on the 20th, passing through the city 
and out on the. Franklin pike some eight or ten miles. On the 21st we passed 
through Franklin and camped a few miles outh of the village, remaining there 
the 22d. On the 23d we moved up two or three miles to Spring Hill, and here 
we found the road in front of us occupied by the camps and trains of the pre 
ceding divisions. The bridge over Duck Eiver at Columbia had been destroyed. 
The river was at flood height; no pontoons or other bridge material was availa 
ble, and we all waited six days for the water to subside. On the 29th a bridge 
was improvised, and a ford, deep and rapid, but practicable with care, was found 
and the crossing commenced. It was slow and tedious work, and it was not until 
the 2d of April that our (the rear) division had a clear way to proceed. On the 
4th the road in front of us was so obstructed with the trains of the other divis 
ions that we remained in camp; it was raining heavily all day and night. On 
this day General Grant telegraphed, in reply to Nelson s message of the 3d, that 
he could be in Savannah with his division on the 5th; that he, Nelson, need not 
hasten his march, as transports to convey him to Pittsburgh Landing would not 
be ready before the 8th. The rain ceased on the 5th, and we marched about 
twelve miles, keeping close up to the column leading us. Next day, the 5th, the 
troops ahead of us seemed to be showing more speed, and we began to pass the 
wagon trains as we overtook them, instead of keeping behind them, as we had 
been doing; so, notwithstanding the bad condition of the roads, and the frequent 
detours to pass around the stalled trains, we marched twenty-two miles before 
dark. During the afternoon, whenever we halted for rest, we could hear the 
rumbling of the cannonade in the distant west, and we knew that a great battle 
was in progress. About sunset it began to rain again, and grew so dark that a 
man in the column could scarcely see his file leader within arm s reach. Still 
we tramped on, tired, cold, wet and hungry, until about eleven o clock, when 
our brigade was turned into a soft-plowed cotton field to spend the rest of the 
night. The situation here would have been utterly forlorn had it not been enliv 
ened by the order, at midnight, "to cook three days rations and be ready to 
march at 4 o clock A. M." The cooking was omitted, but we were ready to 
march at daybreak. 

The halts on the 7th were few and short, but our progress, in the wretched 
condition of the road, was slow and tedious, though we marched toward the 
sound of the guns all day. We arrived at Savannah in the afternoon of the 8th, 
to spend another night in the rain without shelter, but had the time before dark 
to select a grass field and get fuel for our bivouac. Here we heard that the field 
of Shiloh had been won and was held by our Union forces, and so we rested con 
tentedly. Next morning, April 9th, steamers came to Savannah, and, embarking, 
we were taken up to Pittsburgh Landing, where, at noon, we stacked arms and 
rested on the battlefield. The weather had cleared up, and though our wagons 
and tents did not arrive for several days, we were comfortable enough without 
them. The burial of the dead and collection of the wounded now fully occupied 
a large portion of our men for two or three days. After this we moved out from 
the battlefield toward Corinth, five or six miles, and, when our trains arrived, 
established ourselves in camp again, in a pleasant, gravelly field, with shade 
and spring water. Here Colonel Yan Cleve was promoted to brigadier general 



88 THE SECOND KEGIMENT. 

and mustered out of the regiment. Lieutenant Colonel George was promoted to 
colonel, Major Wilkin to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Bishop to major; all 
their commissions dated March 21, 1862. General Thomas, having been 
assigned to command a corps, Brigadier General W. T. Sherman assumed 
command, vice Thomas, of our division, and Lieutenant Colonel Wilkin was 
detailed inspector general at his headquarters. He was on detached service 
thereafter most of the time, until he was mustered out of the regiment, Aug. 
26, 1862, to become colonel of the Mnth Minnesota Volunteers. At this 
camp our band was mustered out on the 24th of April, by order of General 
Buell, and the men went home, leaving most of their instruments there in 
the woods. They were good musicians, but did not take kindly to actual 
soldiering, and were, no doubt, quite willing to quit there. General Hal- 
leck arrived at Shiloh on the llth of April, and, after reorganizing the two 
armies of Buell and Grant, and reinforcing them by the Army of the Missis 
sippi under Pope, and by a division from Missouri and one from Arkansas, com 
menced the " Siege of Corinth (?)" A general advance and intrenchment of the 
Union lines, about once a week, with almost daily skirmishing during the 
intervals, brought us, by the end of May, in such position that Corinth had to 
be defended or evacuated. A volley of explosions and a dense cloud of smoke 
in our front at daybreak on the 30th announced the final departure of the Con 
federate army, which, with persistence and impudence to be admired, had held 
our greatly superior force at bay for nearly two months. 

This narrative is not the place to criticise general operations of armies, but it 
may truthfully and properly be said that we marched into the vacated and deso 
late streets of Corinth that day with a feeling of disgust and humiliation at the 
escape of the enemy that we ought to have captured, or, at least, to have broken 
up and defeated. A show of pursuit had to be made, and we marched on after 
the retreating enemy for several days, passing through Danville and Eienzi. On 
the 6th our regiment " corduroyed" about four miles of swampy road by trans 
ferring the rail fences from both sides to the centre of the track, where they were 
speedily sunk out of sight by the artillery and heavily loaded supply wagons. 

On the 8th we halted at Booneville, Miss., where we remained three days. 
Eeturning, we reached our old camp near Corinth on the 13th, having been out 
fourteen days without tents or baggage, and, as far as we could see, had accom 
plished nothing. 

Next day we moved three miles east from Corinth, where we got several days 7 
rest on fresh, clean ground. Some reorganization had been going on, however, 
in our absence, and we found General Thomas again in command of our division, 
and preparations were soon completed for a new campaign. 

COKINTH TO LOUISVILLE. 

BuelFs army had been projected eastward, with Chattanooga and East Ten 
nessee as the apparent objectives, and the divisions of McCook, Crittenden and 
Nelson were already well advanced in that direction when, on the 22d of June, 
our brigade broke camp and commenced the march along the Memphis & 
Charleston railroad, repairing it as we went along, and reaching luka Springs 
on the 25th. The other two brigades of our division were several days march in 
advance of us, and, as we moved eastward, troops from. Grant s army followed 
and were stationed in detachments to guard the railroad bridges left behind us. 
At luka we were paid off for two months, chiefly in the then new postal currency 
which we had not before seen. On the 27th our march eastward was again 
resumed, and our regiment arrived on the 29th at Tuscumbia, Ala. We en 
camped in an open field just at the edge of the village and near a remarkably 
copious spring of pure water. Here General Thomas division was assembled 
again, and on the 4th of July we had a national salute from the three batteries 
and a grand parade of the twelve regiments, after which some appropriate and 
patriotic addresses were made by Generals Steedman and McCook, and perhaps 
others. Gov. Ramsey s visit shortly afterward, though brief, gave him oppor 
tunity to compare the Second Minnesota Eegiment with those from other states, 



CORINTH TO LOUISVILLE. 89 

and he was, as he said, quite satisfied with our representation of the state. 
Finding ourselves located here for some considerable time, our camp was put in 
good order and made comfortable, and the usual course of company and battalion 
drill and instruction was instituted. The "company musicians, " who, in the 
presence of the band, had been quite overlooked, if not forgotten, were hunted 
up and investigated. Those who were not in fact musicians were exchanged in 
their companies for other men who were, or could become, such. A i principal 
musician" was appointed, bugles and fifes and drums were supplied to them, 
and the same discipline applied to them that prevailed with the other men of the 
regiment. A few weeks of faithful instruction and practice made them quite 
proficient in martial music, and the a bugle band 7 of the Second Minnesota 
received a good deal of attention and commendation from the other regiments, 
and were much appreciated by our own men. On the 26th of July our pleasant 
camp here was broken up, and we crossed the Tennessee River to Florence. 
On Tuesday, the 29th of July, we marched again eastward; the weather was 
hot and the road dusty, but there seemed to be no urgent haste, and our 
progress was leisurely and comfortable. The great fields, ere-while in cot 
ton, were now all in corn, and afforded plenty of roasting ears for the 
soldiers and forage for the mules. The darkies came in troops from every 
plantation as we passed, and joined the "Lincum Sogers," bringing horses, 
mules, cattle, pigs, poultry, bedding and everything else they could lead or carry. 
They had apparently just begun to realize what the war meant to them and they 
were quite ready to go out from bondage, despoiling their old masters as they 
went. On the 3d of August we marched through Athens, Tenn. This was a 
lovely village and had been noted as the last place in the state to haul down the 
Union flag. 

On Monday, the 5th, our brigade commander was murdered by a gang of 
guerrillas. He was sick when we left Tuscumbia and during the whole march 
was unable to sit up or be dressed. He had a bed made in an ambulance, in 
which it was his custom to ride far enough in advance of the troops to avoid the 
dust which always enveloped the marching column. On this day the road was 
narrow and sinuous, with a thick growth of small trees on each side. His ambu 
lance, attended by two or three staff officers, was perhaps half a mile ahead of the 
column, in which the Thirty- fifth Ohio was the leading regiment. Suddenly a 
party of horsemen appeared in the road before him, and the ambulance was 
immediately turned and started back on the run. The party pursued with 
yells and firing of revolvers, and riding up on each side shot him through 
the body. The horses were frightened and beyond the control of the driver, who 
said the general had ordered him to stop before the fatal shot was fired. The 
team was forced into the thicket and the staff officers, Captains Brooke and Mil 
ler, were captured and hurried away. The head of the column soon arrived and 
the general was taken to the nearest house, while the brigade encamped around 
him. We had no cavalry and the guerrillas could not be overtaken. The gen 
eral died next day and the march was immediately resumed, Col. Ferdinand Van 
Derveer assuming command of the brigade. 

On the 7th of August we arrived at Winchester, Tenn., where we remained 
twelve days. About this time Company C of the Third Minnesota Regi- 
ruent was attached to the Second Regiment. This company was on detached duty 
when the regiment was surrendered at Murfreesboro, July 13, 1862, and pending 
the exchange and return of their comrades it was sent to us for duty. It was a 
fine company of soldiers and remained with us several weeks, leaving on the 30th 
of September for Minnesota. On the 19th of August we moved from Winchester 
to Decherd, and thence, by short marches and intermediate halts of one to three 
days, to Pelham Gap, thus consuming the time to August 31st, while Bragg s 
forces were making their way across the mountains and around our left flank 
toward Nashville. During these days we got news of the Indian outbreak and 
massacre in Minnesota, which created much apprehension and excitement, as 
many of our men had families or friends in the threatened frontier counties. 
Lieut. Col. Alex. Wilkin was on the 26th of August appointed colonel of the 



90 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

Ninth Minnesota Eegiment, and Major J. W. Bishop was commissioned lieutenant 
colonel, and Oapt. J. B. Davis of Company F, major of the Second Minnesota, 
from the same date; Adjutant S. P. Jennison about the same time was appointed 
lieutenant colonel of the Tenth Minnesota Eegiment, and Lieut. Charles F. Meyer 
took the vacated place as adjutant of the Second. On the 1st of September 
we marched to Manchester, and, our wagon trains with tents and baggage hav 
ing been sent via Murfreesboro to Nashville, we encamped for the night in the 
fair ground buildings. Next day we resumed the march toward Murfreesboro, 
arriving there on the 4th. 

Pursuing our northward march we arrived at Nashville on the 7th and en 
camped in the edge of the city. Most of our army had already crossed the Cum 
berland, but it was given out that our brigade would remain at Nashville, and 
we did for a week; while our divisions north of the river were watching Bragg s 
movements. By the 14th his army was all across the river, at points higher up 
the river and further north than Nashville, and the race for Louisville began. 
Our brigade left Nashville on the 14th, and. crossing the river, encamped just 
north of Edgefield. We received five days rations of flour, coffee and sugar only, 
no clothing or shoes, which were especially needed. In the next three days we 
marched, on the hard, dusty pike, seventy miles to Bowling Green. Here, on 
the 18th, more rations of flour were issued, and we crossed the Barren Eiver, in 
which we found the first supply of drinkable water since leaving the Cumber 
land. On the 19th we marched twenty-five miles, and on the 20th overtook our 
other divisions, and, passing through their camps, came up to the enemy s rear 
picket line, near Cave City. Here we extended our line of battle to right and left, 
and posted our picket line confronting theirs. This was the seventh day of the 
march, which was without a parallel in our experience thus far. It was the dry 
season of the year, and in this part of Kentucky there was no living water, except 
the Barren Eiver, between the Green and Cumberland rivers. The farmers 
had depended for a scanty supply on the sink holes, which were saucer-like 
depressions in the fields, with clay subsoil bottoms, which filled with water in 
winter and spring, but at this season were nearly exhausted by evaporation. 
Then Bragg s men were ahead of us, and they made it their business to enrich 
the already viscid water with dead mules and camp offal of all sorts, so it could 
not be drunk, and could hardly be used to mix our dough gods." These were 
made by moistening our flour on a rock with water, and after pounding it into a 
tough dough, it was spun into a long roll, about an inch in diameter, and wound 
around a ramrod, and so baked. These, with scanty rations of bacon, consti 
tuted a decidedly thin diet for the hard service required of us. We had no tents 
or cooking utensils or baggage of any sort, except such as was carried on pack 
mules or on the men s backs, and even these had become sadly deficient, as we 
had not been able to get any supplies at Nashville. Occasionally we got apples 
or peaches off the trees along the road, but generally they were cleaned off by the 
troops ahead of us. This evening we got orders to cook three days rations and 
prepare for a battle which would probably take place on the next day. The 
enemy, however, moved on early next morning and the footrace began again. 
Our division remained in camp while the others passed on and took the road 
ahead of us. On the 22d we moved camp about two miles to a place near Cave 
City, where, at the bottom of a natural pit about a hundred feet deep, an under 
ground stream of pure water came to the light. A steep path and steps led down 
to it, and all day long it was alive with soldiers, each laden with as many canteens 
as he could carry. The boys spent the day mainly in filling up, like camels, with 
cold, fresh water, in preparation for resuming the march. 

On the 23d we started again, crossing Green Eiver about noon, and camped 
at Bacon s Creek, after a march of about twenty miles. On the 24th we started 
at daybreak and marched fast all day, making thirty miles, and halted for the 
night four or five miles north of Elizabethtown. The race was now telling on 
the foot-sore rebels also, and during that and the previous day we passed their 
exhausted stragglers to the number of several hundred, leaving them to be gath 
ered up as prisoners by our rear guard. Bragg s army was, however, ahead of 



THE PERRY VILLE CAMPAIGN. 91 

us, and within one or two days march of Louisville. Next day we left the rail 
road and parallel pike, and went straight to the Ohio Eiver, at the mouth of the 
Salt Eiver, making the twenty miles in less than seven hours, and reaching the 
river bank about noon, a tired, hungry, foot-sore crowd. " Thank God for the 
Ohio Eiver and hardtack!" exclaimed the champion grumbler of the regiment, 
"I ll never complain again." Here were steamers loaded with rations, clothing 
and shoes, waiting to carry us to Louisville, about thirty miles up the river. 
With little ceremony the boxes of hard bread and bacon were rolled ashore and 
broken open, and while the steamers were being loaded and departing with 
other troops, our brigade rested and refreshed, and waited our time. Next day 
we embarked also, and soon after noon were at Louisville, where we found most 
of Buell s army encamped around, and in defense, of the city. The next four 
days were occupied in resupplying the troops with clothing, rations, ammuni 
tion and equipment, in preparation for a new and offensive campaign for the 
recovery and reoccupation of Kentucky and Tennessee. During this time orders 
came from the War Department relieving General Buell, and assigning the com 
mand to General Thomas. These orders were suspended, by request of General 
Thomas, and were never put into effect. 

THE PEERYVILLE CAMPAIGN. 

On the 1st of October our army, rested, reclothed and resupplied, moved 
out to find and fight the enemy now confronting our lines about Louisville. He 
retired as we advanced, and, passing consecutively through Shepherds ville 
and Bardstown, we overtook his rear guard near Springfield on the morning of 
the 6th, and our regiment, being at the head of the column, had a continuous 
skirmish all day, both armies moving about seventeen miles toward Perryville, 
where was a small stream known as Chaplin Eiver. The country we had cov 
ered during the past week was almost destitute of water, and probably its sup 
posed presence in the vicinity had something to do with locating the collision of 
the armies at that place. On the 7th we halted in the valley of Doctor s Creek, 
a branch of Chaplin Eiver, in sight of and about three miles east of the village. 
The creek was nearly dry, only small pools here and there to be found in its 
bed, and guards were placed over these to prevent the watering of horses and 
mules in any except those reserved for that purpose. On the 8th we moved, 
early in the morning, down the river toward Perryville about a mile, in search 
of water, and bivouacked as before, having no tents with us. McCook s corps 
was on the left of our general line, and about noon we heard musketry, and, later, 
artillery firing, in his front. No order or information came to us, however, and 
about four o clock, our scanty supply of water having again given out, a com 
pany was detailed from each regiment of our division, and, carrying all the 
canteens of their regiments, they were sent, in command of Lieut. Colonel 
Bishop, to look for a fresh supply further down the valley to the left. As we 
pursued our quest we approached the firing, and finally found a pool and filled 
our canteens in full sight of the battlefield. One of the enemy s batteries was 
within easy range of us, but was too busy entertaining its opponents to pay 
any attention to us. We watched the battle a few minutes and hurried back to 
our division, wondering why the whole army, and especially our division, 
was not taking an interest or part in it. Soon after our return, and while the 
canteens were being distributed, our brigade was ordered to McCook s relief, 
and, moving about a mile to the left, we were posted in a strip of woods, on the 
right of his line, our regiment so far back in the trees that we could see nothing 
of what was going on at the front, but not so far back as to be out of range of 
the enemy s artillery which now and then landed a shell among us. We were, 
however, in this position, for a few minutes, in imminent danger from a line of 
our own men, a new regiment, which, just after dark was moved up into position 
just behind us. They were nervously expecting to find an enemy in that vicin 
ity, and were just ready to open fire at the first indication of his presence. They 
could not see us in the gloom, nor we them, but a prompt and vigorous intro 
duction of the two regiments by name probably saved us from what would have 



92 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

been a sad misfortune. We had no experience in the whole war so startling as 
that cocking of muskets behind us, knowing as we did that they were in the 
hands of friends who were not informed of our presence in front of them. 

The battle ended with the daylight, but we lay on our arms in position all 
night and most of the next day, going forward again in the afternoon to the 
creek valley for water, and there spent the night. On the 10th we moved east 
ward about five miles, passing through Perryville, where we found every house 
filled with the enemy s wounded. On the 12th we passed Danville and Lancas 
ter, and on the 13th camped on Dick s River on Crab Orchard. Here we remained 
a week, while Crittenden s corps pursued the enemy southward in a fruitless 
chase. On the 20th we began retracing our march and passing successively 
through Danville, Perryville, Lebanon, Campbellsville, Green River and Cave 
City, arrived at Bowling Green on the 2d of November. General Rosecrans 
assumed command, vice Buell, on the 30th of October. We moved again on the 
6th of November and next day camped at Mitchellville. The railroad tunnel 
near and south of this place having been obstructed by the retreating enemy, all 
army supplies were unloaded from the trains here and forwarded by wagons to 
Gallafcin and Nashville. Our brigade performed this work here until the 12th, 
when we removed to the tunnel, and for a change of employment spent ten days 
in guarding and clearing it out. On the 23d our regiment, with the Thirty- 
fifth Ohio and the Eighteenth U. S. Infantry, marched for Cunningham s Ford 
on the Cumberland River, southeast of and a few miles from Gallatin, Tenn., 
where we arrived and encamped on the 25th. We remained here four weeks, 
guarding the ford and making occasional reconnaissances about the vicinity. 
We did not, however, come into any serious collision with the enemy. On the 
7th of December a Union brigade of new regiments, commanded by Colonel A. 
B. Moore, was attacked and captured by the enemy s forces under Gen. John H. 
Morgan at Hartsville, a few miles further up the river. On the 22d we were 
ordered back to Gallatin, and thence about five miles southward toward Nash 
ville. Here we spent Christmas, and were ordered back to Gallatin in great 
haste on the 26th. 

Our brigade spent the next three weeks pleasantly encamped near the village, 
occupying a good part of the time in battalion drill and making an excursion 
into the country now and then for forage and provisions. All day on the 31st of 
December and 1st of January we heard the rumbling of the cannonade at Stone 
River, some thirty miles away, and were glad to hear next day of the Union 
victory there. On the 13th our brigade, under orders to join the division at 
Murfreesboro, marched by the pike some thirteen miles and encamped midway 
between Gallatin and Nashville. Next day our regiment and the Eighty -seventh 
Indiana were again ordered back to Gallatin, and returned in a cold winter rain 
to our camp ground vacated the previous day, and here we remained two weeks 
more. This second recall to Gallatin was due, as was the first, to a threatened 
attack upon the place by the Confederate general, John H. Morgan. Indeed, for 
more than two months we had been shuffled from place to place to meet him, but 
he never granted us an interview. During our stay at Gallatin the president s 
proclamation of emancipation was promulgated, to take effect Jan. 1, 1863, and 
hastened the complete desertion of the negroes in that vicinity from their old 
homes and masters. On the 29th we were again ordered to join our division, and, 
boarding a railroad train, succeeded in getting to Nashville without recall or 
interruption. Our wagons with our baggage, tents, etc., did not reach us until 
noon on the 30th. On the 31st we camped eleven miles south of Nashville, on the 
Nolensville pike, and under the orders of Brig. General James B. Steedman, now 
commanding our division, were ready for a new, and, we hoped, a more active, 
campaign. 

TRIUNE AND TULLAHOMA. 

On the 1st of February our brigade marched in hot haste ten or twelve miles 
over the rough, narrow dirt roads toward Franklin to encounter Wheeler s Bri 
gade of Confederate cavalry which was reported to be in the vicinity, but we 



if in v E^i 

TRIUNE AND TULLAHOMA. 93 

failed to find any enemy, and after a day of hard marching we spent a cold night 
without tents or shelter. Next day we retraced our path to Nolensville pike 
and encamped on the farm of Colonel Battle of the Twentieth Confederate Ten 
nessee Regiment, near Concord Church, and about twelve miles from Nashville. 
This Twentieth Tennessee was the regiment opposed to ours in the fight across 
the fence at Mill Springs, and we occupied their camp and tents at Beech Grove 
the two days succeeding that battle. Colonel Battle was now with his regiment 
in Bragg s army. Two or three days after our arrival here Captain Curtis of 
General Rosecrans staff made a thorough and critical examination of the regi 
ment, and soon afterward a complimentary letter was received from department 
headquarters which referred to the inspection and greatly pleased the men, who 
deserved it. Colonel George, who had been for several weeks physically unfit 
for active duty and exposure to the severe winter weather, was obliged to leave 
us on the 2d of February, going to Minnesota for rest and treatment on sixty 
days sick-leave. 

On the 15th a foraging party of two corporals and twelve men, under First 
Sergeant L. N. Holmes, all of Company H, went out to the front three or four 
miles for corn. They were loading their wagons from a large and well-filled crib 
when they were suddenly surrounded by two companies of Confederate cavalry 
numbering about one hundred and twenty-five men. The cavalry charged 
down upon them, yelling " Surrender you d d Yanks ;" our boys did not sur 
render, but commenced firing in return with deliberate aim, emptying a saddle 
almost every shot, and the astonished cavalry soon quit yelling and withdrew out 

of range for consultation; they decided that they had had enough of the "d d 

Yanks, and disappeared altogether. Oar boys filled the wagons, picked up three 
of the wounded rebels and seven riderless horses which the enemy had left in 
the field, and returned safely to camp. Two of the wounded died next day. 
Several others, slightly wounded, got away by the help of their companions. 
Colonel Van Derveer, commanding the brigade, was much elated by the brave 
conduct of the Second Minnesota boys, and issued a special order complimenting 
them by name. General Steedman, commanding the division, thought the affair 
sufficiently creditable to " my command" to justify a special report by telegraph 
to department headquarters, describing the fight, refraining, however, from any 
mention of the names or regiment of the men engaged. 

On the 2d of March we marched southward about fifteen miles to Triune, 
where the brigade bivouacked for the night and remained most of the next 
day. At 4 P. M. on the 3d Lieut. Colonel Bishop was ordered, with the Second 
Minnesota Regiment, a section of artillery, and two battalions of the First 
East Tennessee Cavalry, to move southward to the Harpeth River and take 
and hold the ford where the Nolensville-Eagleville pike crossed it, and to there 
await the coming of the brigade which would follow next morning. The place 
was reached about sunset; the rebel pickets were driven away, the infantry and 
artillery were placed to command the ford, and one battalion of the cavalry was 
sent across the river to reconnoiter the neighboring territory. They soon found 
some rebel cavalry in small parties, and after a running fight returned toward 
morning with some prisoners. General Steedman came up in the morning with 
the other regiments of the brigade, and crossing the river we found and attacked 
a party of the enemy, capturing some sixty prisoners and three hundred horses 
and mules. Next we day made a quick march to Chapel Hill, where we had another 
brush with the enemy, routing him at the first attack, then returned by another 
road six or seven miles and bivouacked, marching next day back to Triune 
with our booty. On the 7th we made a permanent camp about two miles north 
of Triune, in a good defensible position, with plenty of wood and water. Triune 
was a small hamlet about midway between Murfreesboro and Franklin. Here 
our division was assembled, the First Regiment of East Tennessee Cavalry was 
attached to it, and here we remained more than three months. Considerable 
work was done in fortifying the position, large details being made from the 
regiments in turn for the purpose. On the 25th and 26th of March our brigade 
made another excursion into the enemy s territory, south of the Harpeth River, 



94 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

and after a successful skirmish loaded our trains with forage and returned. On 
the 29th of March we received En field rifles to replace our old guns of various 
kinds and calibers. 

General J. M. Schofield here superseded Steedman, April 17th, as division 
commander, and gave us several weeks of pretty active exercise in brigade 
maneuvers and drill, the first we had ever had. General J. M. Brannan relieved 
Schofield May 16th, and continued as our division commander until the reorgani 
zation of the army after Chickamauga. Our bugle band, as opportunity was af 
forded for practice, had so improved that we had become quite proud of them, and 
having some money in the regimental fund, a complete set of brass instruments 
was ordered from Cincinnati, and arrived on the 8th of April. Principal Mu 
sician R. G. Rhodes was announced as band master, and for the next few weeks 
the woods about the camp were filled with practicing musicians. They made 
rapid progress, and before we left Triune, June 23d, our band compared well 
with any in the division. Colonel George returned on the 31st of March, not 
physically in good condition, but able to do duty not requiring active exertion. 
Brigade exercise was continued under General Brannan, and a grand review 
was held on the 5th of April. On the 1st of May we were supplied with new 
" shelter tents, " or " pup tents 7 as they were called by the men, and all the 
wall and bell tents were sent back to Nashville except those required by brigade 
and regimental headquarters, and for the field hospitals. These "pup tents" 
were simple pieces of light canvas, and so fitted that two comrades, by buttoning 
their two pieces together and improvising some simple support, could have a 
comfortable shelter from rain or sun. These tents were to be carried by the 
men, and so the wagon trains were reduced from thirteen wagons to three for 
each regiment, the officers of each company being allowed one pack-mule to 
carry their baggage. 

On the 4th of June General Gordon Granger came to Triune to inspect the 
position and the troops, which had come under his command as part of the 
right wing. The day was spent in brigade and division maneuvers in the 
hot sun, with little rest and no food or water. It closed with a grand review, 
after which the troops were marched back to camp. Artillery firing had been 
heard in the afternoon in the direction of Franklin, and when our brigade was 
dismissed from the review at five o clock, it was ordered to march immediately to 
Franklin. Colonel Van Derveer, commanding it, however, gave us thirty min 
utes in camp, after arriving there, for supper. We marched at six o clock for 
Franklin, fifteen miles distant. The day had been excessively hot and sultry, 
but now the sky grew black, and after a severe thunder storm it settled down 
for a steady, heavy, all-night rain. That night s march will never be forgotten 
by the men of Van Derveer s Brigade. The darkness was intense, the road soft, 
slippery, and so uneven that some of the men were down or falling all the time. 
We were ten hours in making the march, arriving before daybreak, utterly ex 
hausted, and physically and mentally exasperated. The garrison seemed to be 
all asleep, no enemy was in the neighborhood, and we lay down in a lawn in the 
village to wait for dawn, our field officers stretching themselves on the front 
porch of the spacious mansion. All was quiet and we rested until noon. In 
the afternoon we made a reconnaissance in search of the enemy, but found none, 
and on the 6th returned to our camp at Triune. The usual round of guard and 
picket duty, battalion and brigade exercises was resumed, varied by an occa 
sional march to Nashville or to the front for supplies. 

On the 23d we broke camp on an hour s notice and commenced the ( Tullahoma 
campaign," marching southward and then eastward, in all about fifteen miles, over 
a rough and rocky road to a camp near Salem. Here it commenced raining, and of 
the next seventeen days fourteen were rainy. Of course the roads soon became al 
most impassable, and the soldiers seldom had dry clothes or rations. On the 24th r 
our trains moving eastward were threatened from the south by the enemy s cav 
alry, and Lieut. Colonel Bishop, with four companies of the regiment, was de 
tailed to keep them back. We had a skirmish fight lasting nearly all day, 
bivouacked on the disputed ground ab night, and rejoined the regiment next 



THE CAMPAIGN AND BATTLES OF CHICKAMAUGA. 95 

day, the lieutenant colonel and several of his men with bullet holes in their 
clothes, but no casualties; the enemy firing mostly from horseback, did not aim 
with much precision. On the 29th our regiment had another all-day skir 
mish fight, killing several and wounding others of the enemy. Among the 
killed was Colonel Starnes, and an aid to General Wheeler, who was shot while 
carrying a dispatch from his chief. After he fell from his horse he was seen to 
tear in pieces the message, but it was recovered, put together and read. Only 
one man of our regiment was wounded. At times when we had forced back the 
enemy s line more rapidly than they approved, they opened on us with artillery 
to check our advance. The surgeon of the regiment on our right, who was rid 
ing behind the advancing line, was very suddenly let drop by a shell from the 
enemy s battery which entered the breast and exploded in the body of his horse 
without hurting the doctor. On the 26th we had a rattling skirmish for the 
possession of Hoover s Gap; the enemy gave way for us as we advanced rapidly 
through the gap, and though they did a good deal of wild firing, no men were 
hurt in our regiment. On the 1st of July we drove the enemy s picket line into 
and through Tullahoma, to find that his army had evacuated the place during 
the previous night, leaving a good many of their tents standing, with several big 
guns and a considerable quantity of stores. On the 2d we reached Elk Eiver, 
finding it at flood height and the bridge gone. Our regiment captured one 
party of eleven prisoners and another of four. 

On the 3d of July the flood had subsided a little and it was found practicable 
to ford the stream by the aid of a rope stretched across to keep the men from 
being swept down by the current. Our brigade stripped to the skin; the knap 
sacks, clothing, rations, cartridge boxes, etc., making a bundle of twenty-five or 
thirty pounds, were carried on the bayonet, the gun supported by one hand while 
the other kept a grip on the rope, as the men in single file waded the stream in the 
rushing water up to their necks. None of the men in our brigade were drowned, 
but some of them lost their bundles and landed destitute and naked. As the 
flood subsided the artillery and trains began to cross and a bridge was impro 
vised. On the 4th we heard of the battle of Gettysburg and next day of the 
surrender of Vicksburg, both events being announced in general orders and 
honored by national salutes by the artillery. The enemy had now disappeared 
from our vicinity, and as it was almost impossible to move artillery or trains we 
rested here nine days, and on the 18th moved to Winchester, where we remained 
four weeks, the time being occupied in rebuilding the railroad behind us, and 
refitting and equipping for the next advance. Just a year ago we were encamped 
here for several days, and we now felt quite at home and acquainted. 

THE CAMPAIGN AND BATTLES OF CHICKAMAUGA. 

On the 16th of August our pleasant camp at Winchester was broken up and 
we marched eastward about a mile under a blazing sun, then two miles in a 
terrible thunder storm; then finding the road full of troops and trains entitled 
to precedence, we encamped. Next day we marched three miles further, reach 
ing the foot of the Cumberland Mountain range, over which our route lay to 
reach the Tennessee Eiver. Here we found the heavy wagon trains toiling up 
the steep, narrow, tortuous road, ascending the western slope of the mountain, 
and the slow progress of the last two days was explained. On the 18th we found 
the road clear and marched up the mountain to University Place, on the sum 
mit, where we spent the night. Here the corner stone of a magnificent "to be" 
university had been laid by the Et. Eev. Bishop Polk, now a general in the 
Confederate army; an endowment of $3,000,000 had been pledged and the 
foundations of the several buildings had been constructed, when the war in 
terrupted the enterprise with an adjournment sine die. On the 19th we 
marched down the eastern slope of the mountain range and encamped at the 
foot of Sweden s Cove, remaining there the 20th. Since leaving our Winchester 
camp we had found plenty of green corn and the "roasting ears" had made a 
considerable item in our subsistence. On the 21st we moved to the north side 
of the Tennessee Eiver, at the mouth of Battle Creek, about six miles above 



96 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

Bridgeport, where the railroad bridge had been destroyed, and was being rebuilt 
by our engineer forces. The river here was broad and deep, and the enemy s 
pickets lined the south bank. They, for the first few days, kept popping their 
guns at our men whenever they approached the river, and occasionally the bullets 
would reach the camps, but we picketed the north bank with better marksmen, and, 
after a competitive trial of skill, the men on this duty came to an agreement to 
save their ammunition, and thereafter amused themselves by guying each other 
viva voce. The men of both armies not on duty came down freely to bathe on 
their respective sides of the river, and soon it got to be the practice for a couple 
of good swimmers to meet in mid- river to swap lies, newspapers, etc., while the 
pickets kept watch to see that there should be no foul play or breach of confi 
dence. 

Col. George rejoined us here, on the 24th, from a long absence on sick-leave, 
and left us again on the 27th, promising to be back, if alive, in time for the ex 
pected battle. He kept his promise, returning to the regiment on the 18th of 
September, the day before the battle of Chickamauga. Meanwhile Company F of 
our regiment, composed mostly of river men and raftsmen from the St. Croix lum 
ber region, had been quietly at work in Battle Creek, out of the enemy s sight, 
constructing rafts and rude scows, in which four of our companies effected a cross 
ing in the evening of the 29th, and got possession of the south shore; the ene 
my, not expecting an effort to cross here, had left only a few men to watch the 
river, not enough to make any serious opposition. By noon of the next day our 
entire brigade was over and the two other brigades of our division (Brannan s) 
completed the crossing on the 31st. Meantime the other divisions of the army 
were crossing simultaneously at several points above and below us and our trains 
and artillery were sent down to Bridgeport to cross on the new bridge when it 
should be ready. On the 1st day of September we moved out about three miles 
to Graham s Spring, near the foot of Eaccoon Mountain and near the monument 
marking the corner of the three states, Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee. On 
the 5th, our trains and artillery having arrived, we marched on the " Nick a Jack 
Trace," as the ravine is called by which the road ascends the western slope of Eac 
coon Mountain. After making four or five miles it was found that the road needed 
so much repair and the wagons so much help, that it would be impossible to get 
them to the summit that night, and we were obliged to go back two miles to find 
water for a camp. On the 6th we completed the ascent and encamped on the 
summit, and on the 7th descended the eastern slope into Lookout or Will s Val 
ley and encamped at Boiling Springs, about three miles below Trenton. Here we 
remained two days, learning on the 9th that Bragg had evacuated Chattanooga 
on the 8th, and was retiring southward. On the 10th we marched through Tren 
ton and up the Lookout Valley about thirteen miles. On the llth we started in 
the morning, but as the road in front of us was full of trains and artillery toiling 
up the mountain, we only made three miles, and halted at the foot of a steep grade. 
Orders reached us at 7 P. M. to start at once and pass the trains, as the enemy had 
been encountered on the other side of the (Lookout) mountain, but these orders 
were soon countermanded and we bivouacked again. 

Next morning we started at five o clock, crossed the mountain and halted in 
Chattanooga Valley at 10 A. M, At 2 P. M. we made a reconnaissance, returning to 
our position at seven o clock. Here we remained the 13th and 14th, while troops 
were moving around and behind us in a way that then seemed mysterious and 
without any definite or intelligible purpose. On the 15th our brigade moved to 
Lee s Mill, on or near the Chickamauga Creek, and bivouacked in line of battle in 
apparent preparation for a fight. We remained there, standing to arms at four 
o clock on the mornings of the 16th and 17th, expecting an early attack. On the 
17th the heavy clouds of dust extending along the eastern slope of the Chicka 
mauga Valley showed that the enemy s columns were in motion northward, and 
about eight o clock we took arms and commenced our march, by the left flank, 
abreast of and less than a mile distant from the enemy s parallel march by his 
right flank. Our progress was slow, the day hot and the road ankle-deep with 
fine dust, with which the tramping feet filled the air as the column niored along. 



THE CAMPAIGN AND BATTLES OF CHICKAMAUGA. 97 

At ten o clock we had got about three miles from our starting point, when some 
scattering musket shots were heard in our rear, and presently an order was 
received from Col. Van Derveer, commanding the brigade, for the Second Min 
nesota to return as far as the Pond Springs, see what was the matter and rejoin 
the brigade. We unslung and piled our knapsacks, leaving a few men with 
them, and in less than an hour retraced nearly the whole forenoon s march. As 
we came in sight of the springs the two leading companies were deployed for 
ward and men were detailed from each company to take all the canteens and fill 
them at the springs as promptly as possible upon our arrival there. Approach 
ing the place we found the springs in the possession of a detachment of the 
enemy s cavalry who were resting in unsuspicious comfort, many of them dis 
mounted. They had been worrying our train, and having been repulsed by the 
guard had halted there for reinforcements. They were promptly attacked and 
routed by our advance skirmishers, and while we halted, maintaining ranks, the 
canteens were filled and distributed. Then we reversed our march, returning by 
the left flank to our brigade, which had not moved during our absence, and soon 
bivouacked for the night. The light from the enemy s camp-fires was visible all 
night to the eastward, and we slept on our arms, ready to be attacked if he so 
pleased. 

We remained here all day on the 18th, while troops and artillery and trains 
were moving behind us, to the left and northward, and about 5 p. M. we joined in 
the procession. We moved about a quarter of a mile per hour during the whole 
night, halting every few rods just long enough to get stiff and cold, but never 
long enough to build fires and get warm. Many of the men would fall asleep, 
sinking down in the road and some standing on their feet, but strict orders were 
given not to leave the column and to follow closely those leading us. As the 
day began to dawn we could see the brigades and batteries leaving the road from 
time to time and moving off in line of battle into the woods to the eastward, and 
toward the Chickamauga Creek, and we knew that the army was taking position 
for the great contest so long anticipated. We could now understand how this had 
been going on during the night and how slow and difficult had been the construc 
tion of the grand line of battle in the darkness, and our tedious and halting 
progress was accounted for. We had been all night in moving less than five 
miles and were now on the Lafayette- Chattanooga road, had passed in the darkness 
near General Eosecrans headquarters at the Widow Glenn s house, and at eight 
o clock our brigade halted, filed out of the road near Kelly s house and stacked 
arms, while the word was passed down the line, "Twenty minutes for breakfast." 
In five minutes hundreds of little fires were kindled and hundreds of little coffee 
cans were filled with water from the canteens and set to boil; in ten minutes the 
boiling coffee was lifted off, the luscious bacon was nicely browned and the ever 
toothsome hardtack had been toasted; when comes an aid at a furious gallop 
down the dusty road; a brief order delivered by him to our brigade commander, 
and each regiment gets orders to take arms and march immediately. Of 
course some urgent and peremptory necessity was supposed, arms were taken 
and we filed out into the road, now clear, and briskly moved off northward in a 
cloud of choking dust. After making about a mile we halted near McDaniel s 
house, whence a road, or rather a narrow wagon track, leads through the open 
oak woods eastward to Eeed s bridge and ford on the Chickamauga Creek. 

It may be here explained that the extreme left of our general line of battle 
rested in the woods about opposite the midway point between Kelly s and McDan 
iel s houses; the position of the line, extending southward and facing eastward, 
was about midway between and parallel to the woods and the creek. So as we 
faced the eastward and marched in brigade order of battle along the Keed s bridge 
road, we were detached from and nearly half a mile to the left of the left division 
(Baird s) of the established line. Our orders were said to have been given on 
information by Col. McCook, commanding a cavalry brigade on the left, that 
only one Confederate brigade had crossed to the west side of the Chickamauga, that 
he (McCook) had destroyed the bridge (Eeed s) behind it, and we were to take 
and hold the ford, and prevent further crossing by the enemy, while our First and 



98 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

Second brigades were to find, attack and capture the enemy s supposed isolated 
brigade. This information, if given, proved entirely erroneous, nearly the entire 
Confederate army being in position between our lines and the creek, and their 
brigades were nofc hard to find when we came to look for them. 

Our brigade was formed with the Second Minnesota on the left and the 
Thirty-fifth Ohio on the right of the front line, with Smith s Battery in the road 
between them. The Eighty -seventh Indiana in the second line behind the 
Thirty-fifth Ohio; the Ninth Ohio was detached with the division ammunition 
train. So we commenced our march, a few skirmishers preceding our front line. 
Proceeding along the road, which seemed to follow a low ridge through the 
woods, and while yet to the left and rear of Baird s division, whose exact posi 
tion we did not know, we heard musketry to our right and front. Changing our 
direction to face it, to the southward, we moved off the ridge and down an easy 
slope, and soon met the enemy in force and the firing began at once. In a few 
minutes the enemy retired, then rallied and attacked again, and were again 
repulsed, this time retiring out of our sight. We gathered up our wounded and 
carried them back over the ridge to the northern slope in our rear, replenished 
our cartridge boxes and readjusted our line, the Eighty-seventh Indiana, mean 
time, changing places with the Thirty-fifth Ohio on our right. In a few minutes 
the firing again broke out in our front, but while the bullets dropped in among 
us, we were, on account of the trees and underbrush, unable to see any men for 
a time. Then the firing approached and the big guns joined in for a few rounds, 
then a burst of cheers, "the rebel yell," the artillery ceased, and the rattling 
musketry came nearer and the bullets thicker. Our men were ordered to lie 
down and hold their fire until they could see the enemy. Presently, to our 
astonishment, a straggling line of men, in our own uniform, appeared, then more 
of them, running directly toward us, their speed accelerated every moment by 
the yelling and firing of the exultant enemy behind them. Our men got ready 
and waited while the stampeded brigade, officers and men, passed over our lines 
to the rear, then, as the enemy came in view, gave them a volley that 
extinguished the yelling and stopped their advance. They rallied, however, 
and stood for a few moments receiving and returning our fire, then wavering, 
broke and ran out of sight. Just now the Ninth Ohio arrived, having aban 
doned the ammunition train when the firing broke out, and followed our trail to 
the front. The firing had ceased when Col. Kammerling rode up and vocifer 
ously demanded, "Where dem got dam rebels gone?" Some one pointed in the 
direction they were last seen, and away went the Ninth Ohio over our front lines, 
disregarding Van Derveer s order to come back, and we could hear them yelling 
and cheering in both languages long after they disappeared from sight. About 
a quarter of a mile distant they found and recaptured the battery (Guenther s), 
which the enemy had taken half an hour before. The enemy s troops about the 
battery made a fight for it, and Kammerling lost a good many men in getting it, 
and was even then obliged to leave it when recalled by a peremptory order to 
rejoin the brigade, which he did not receive or obey too soon. 

During the first fighting, our band men, as they had been previously 
instructed, were busy with stretchers, picking up the wounded and carrying 
them back up the slope and over to the north side, where our surgeon, Dr. Otis 
Ayer, had established a temporary hospital, and was giving them such attention 
as circumstances permitted. It soon happened that some of these men were shot 
the second time while being carried back, and the carrying was suspended until 
the firing should cease. Our skirmishers soon reported the enemy moving 
around our left flank, and our regiment, by facing left and filing left, changed 
front to face the east. The enemy made an attack upon us in this position, 
which was repulsed by our regiment alone, and then by the same maneuver we 
changed front again to face the north, the enemy having passed a large force 
around our left flank during the last attack, which was probably made to cover 
the movement. 

We were now on the road again, and on the right of our brigade, on a line 
nearly parallel to our first position, but facing the opposite direction, and the 



THE CAMPAIGN AND BATTLES OF CHICKAMAUGA. 99 

movement had brought our left company next to the battery, which, without 
changing position, had exchanged the places of its guns and caissons, and now 
also faced the north; the other regiments of our brigade had formed on the left 
of the battery, and for a moment of silence we awaited the onset. Here on the 
ground now before us lay our wounded men who had been carried back from 
the first line of fight and were now between the opposing lines. But here they 
come, ranks after ranks emerging from the sheltering trees and underbrush, and 
approaching us with steady tramp and desperate silence. Our men were cau 
tioned now to u shoot to kill," and we opened with file firing that soon broke up 
the orderly march of the first line, whose men hesitated and then commenced 
firing wildly; their second and third lines were promptly moved up and all 
pressed on in the charge. Our big guns were loaded with canister, which opened 
great gaps in the enemy s columns at each discharge, while the withering fire 
of our infantry was thinning their ranks at every step of their advance. They 
greatly outnumbered us, and it seemed a question for a time whether we could 
so reduce their numbers and their nerve as to prevent an actual collision, in 
which they would have the majority, but they began to waver at sixty yards, at 
forty they broke, and then ran, every man for himself, leaving, alas ! hundreds 
of brave fellows prostrate in helpless suffering before us, some of them in 
termingling with our own wounded, who had been carried there from the first 
fight in the morning. This assault and repulse ended our part of the battle 
for the day; we now refilled our cartridge boxes, gathered our wounded men 
and sent them to the field hospital at Cloud s house, and collected our dead for 
burial. Onr regiment had commenced the battle with three hundred and 
eighty-four men and officers, of whom eight had been killed and forty-one 
wounded, none missing. While waiting here for orders we heard, from time to 
time, the roar of battle along the line to the southward, but saw nothing more 
of the enemy in our vicinity. 

In the afternoon we were moved southward to a field southwest of Kelly s 
house, where we bivouacked for the night. We had had no rest and but little 
food since noon of the 18th. The night was clear and cold, and many of the men 
in the excitement and in changing position had lost their knapsacks and blankets; 
no fire was permitted until after sunrise next morning, and we passed a cheerless 
and uncomfortable night. Yet, when we remembered the thousands of poor 
fellows who, maimed and suffering, lay scattered all over the fields and woods, 
without food, water or care, we forgot our own discomfort in pity for the 
wounded and dying. Sunday morning, the 20th, the sun rose peacefully over 
the misty landscape; all was quiet as the grave; the stillness was in fact oppres 
sive for a time. Our brigade not being in line was formed as a reserve, in an 
open field near Kelly s house and west of the Lafayette road, perhaps a quarter 
of a mile in rear of the line of battle, which, located in the woods, was invisible 
to us. About nine o clock a scattering fire of musketry ran along the line in 
our front, increasing rapidly, until in a few minutes the terrific roar of battle 
was on in full volume, and the enemy s bullets were passing over our line of 
battle, chipping through the leaves and branches of the trees and dropping into, 
among and around us in a very disquieting manner. Directly the artillery 
opened also, and while the big shells were not so numerous as the little bullets, 
they commanded more deference and respect individually when they did come. 
This did not appear to be a nice quiet place for a reserve brigade, but we had to 
stay there and take it; the men meanwhile bracing up each other with jokes 
and facetious comments on everything in sight or that might happen. Presently 
the stragglers appeared, coming out of the wood and crossing the road and field, 
passing us to the rear. Some few of them were wounded, but most of them were 
cowardly skulkers who had sneaked out of the line of battle and were getting 
out of personal danger as fast as they could. Their number increased rapidly 
until it seemed to us that our experience of yesterday was about to be repeated. 
Some effort was made to stop and reform the demoralized fugitives, but most of 
them had thrown away their guns, and all of them their courage and self-respect, 
and in their then condition they were not worth stopping. 



100 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

The situation was a trying one, and we were relieved when orders caine to go 
to the left of the line and repel an attack there. We moved northward along 
the west side of, and parallel to, the Lafayette road, some distance, and then chang 
ing direction to the right, approached the road with our front facing eastward, 
parallel to it. At this point we passed through a thicket of small pines and 
other trees which had obstructed our view toward the east and north. Emerg 
ing from this we crossed the road in line of battle to take position on the left 
of a battery already there. Our brigade was in two lines, the Second Minnesota 
being on the right of the front line, nearest the battery, the Eighty -seventh Indi 
ana on the left, and the Thirty-fifth and Ninth Ohio in the second line. Before 
us was a large, open field, bounded on the north by a strip of woods, perhaps 
twenty rods distant from the left of our brigade. As we halted on the east side 
of the road and began looking around for the enemy, whose appearance we ex 
pected in our front (eastward), the air was suddenly filled with bullets, and a line 
of gray smoke appeared along the edge of the woods to our left and at right 
angles with our lines. A change of front was instantly ordered and executed by 
the brigade. Pending this movement, which was made on the run, we could not 
return the enemy s fire, and we lost a good many men. The mounted officers 
seemed to be especially selected; several of them and all of the horses in the 
brigade but two were shot before the affair was over. The wheel completed, 
our first line charged at once up to the edge of the woods, driving the enemy 
back, and then opened fire on them at short range. They were slow and stub 
born to give way, and after a few minutes firing by the first line, Col. Van Der- 
veer ordered the second line to pass the first and charge them again. This was 
done, the first line joining in the charge, and thus the enemy s front was broken 
up, and soon they retired, leaving the field and their wounded in our possession. 
It appeared that this (Breckenridge s) division had passed entirely around the 
left of our lines and was about to attack our left division in the rear when we 
arrived and encountered it as above described. The fighting over for a time, 
our wounded men were being gathered up and made as comfortable as possible 
until they should be removed to the hospital. Presently the crash of musketry 
was heard again on our right, and as we listened it seemed to be veering around 
to our rear. As the enemy then had disappeared from our own front, a few men 
were detailed to care for our wounded until the ambulances should arrive, and 
we marched away toward the sound of the guns. The enemy soon reoccupied 
the field we had won and left, and the twelve men detailed with our assistant 
surgeon, Dr. Otis Ayer, and many of our wounded, were taken prisoners. As 
we got into the open field where we had been in reserve in the morning, we were 
met by an aid from General Thomas, who conducted us to Horseshoe Eidge, so 
called, near the Snodgrass house. The battle seemed to be tending to that posi 
tion from all directions. General Thomas rode down to meet us and sat upon 
his horse and looked the men over as we marched past him and up the slope 
of the ridge. Undoubtedly he was glad to see, in this emergency, the regiments 
that, under his eye, had fought and won Mill Springs, and he said to the writer 
that he was "glad to see us in such good order." We did not then know how 
many troops he had seen in disorder during the day, nor did he know that within 
an hour s fighting we had just lost more than one-third our number in killed and 
wounded; yet we greatly appreciated the compliment at the time. 

Arriving on the ridge, our regiment took the place of one already there (the 
Twenty-first Ohio), which had exhausted its cartridge boxes, and immediately 
had a view of the assaulting columns of the enemy, just commencing the ascent 
of the southern slope in our front. Banks followed ranks in close order, moving 
briskly and bravely toward us. It was theirs to advance; ours, now, to stand 
and repel. Again the order was passed to aim. carefully and make every shot 
count, and the deadly work began. The front ranks melted away under the 
rapid fire of our men, those following bowed their heads to the storm of bullets 
and pressed on, some of them falling at every step, until, the supporting touch 
of elbows being lost, the survivors hesitate, halt, and then turning, start back 
with a rush that carries away to the rear ail that escape the bullets, as deadly 



THE CAMPAIGN AND BATTLES OF CHICKAMAUGA. 101 

in the wild retreat as in the desperate and orderly advance. This was all 
repeated again and again, until the slope was so covered with dead and 
wounded men that, looking from our position, we could hardly see the ground. 
Never was any position more gallantly assaulted or more desperately defended. 
Meanwhile, General Steedman had arrived with two brigades of fresh troops, 
who came up on our right with enthusiastic cheers, and forty rounds in their 
boxes, just in time to meet the enemy s advance on the crest. Our brigade had 
so far been the right of our line at this place, except three detached regiments, 
and, being furiously assaulted in front, could not have prevented the enemy from 
enveloping our right flank, as they seemed to have plenty of troops and had dis 
covered that the ridge to our right was vacant. Steedman s arrival and prompt 
attack regained and secured that ground, and he brought a spare wagon-load of 
cartridges, more precious than diamonds, as many of the men had placed the 
last one in the gun. The cartridges were quickly brought to the line and dis 
tributed just in time to meet the next attack. This was made by fresh troops, 
and their advance was only broken up when their foremost men were within ten 
paces of our line. Some of them came on and surrendered; most of them who 
ran back were killed or wounded before they got out of range. From five to six 
o clock an ominous quietude prevailed. Our cartridges were again exhausted, 
and the boxes of our own and the enemy s dead and wounded were searched and 
emptied, and bayonets were fixed when it was found that we had less than two 
rounds to the man. Another attack was made just before dark, and was repulsed 
in our front as the others had been; but there seemed to be no contest on the 
right, where Steedman s line had been, and presently we found that his troops 
had been withdrawn and that the enemy were groping their way around to our 
right and rear, and had already captured the detached regiments which had been 
between us and Steedman. The Thirty-fifth Ohio was promptly placed to pro 
tect that flank, and, after receiving a few shots, the enemy retired, no doubt in 
the darkening woods uncertain of the situation, and disconcerted by the loss of 
their commanding officer who fell there. 

After another hour of waiting we were ordered to move to Eossville, which 
we did, with empty guns, but without opposition or adventure; our brigade 
being, as we then supposed, the last Union troops to leave the bloody field. Our 
division commander says, however, as to this, in his official reports (just pub 
lished) that the Sixty first and One Hundred and First Indiana covered the 
retirement, "they being the only troops that had any ammunition whatever." 
About midnight we arrived at Eossville Gap, and, forming line, stacked arms 
and lay down to rest. Next morning, at Eossville, a muster and roll-call was 
had and every man of the Second Minnesota Eegiment, of the three hundred and 
eighty- four who commenced the battle on the 19th, was accounted for; thirty- 
five had been killed, one hundred and thirteen wounded, fourteen captured, and 
two hundred and twenty-two were present for duty, unhurt. This report 
attracted the attention of the brigade commander, who, after verifying its 
correctness, said, in his official report of the battle, "It is a noticeable fact that 
the Second Minnesota Eegiment had not a single man among the missing, or a 
straggler, during the two days engagement." It appears from the "Official 
Eecords" just published by the War Department that but one (Whitaker s) of the 
thirty-six brigades of the Army of the Cumberland engaged in these battles 
lost so many men in proportion to the number engaged as did ours; and the fact 
also appears that at no time during the two days did we vacate or retire from 
any position in the presence of the enemy. The bravery and persistence with 
which the enemy assaulted our lines on Horseshoe Eidge may be estimated, when 
we know that his two divisions (Hindman s and Preston s) lost more than 3,000 
men, killed and wounded, in the vain efforts to capture it. ~No serious demon 
stration was made by the enemy on the 21st, though our division remained in 
position at Eossville Gap. That day was occupied by General Eosecrans in placing 
the troops about Chattanooga as they were collected-, and in restoring order and 
supplying ammunition, and otherwise preparing for defense. Our division was 
ordered in at midnight, and at daybreak on the 22d was in line at and in front of 
Chattanooga. 



102 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

CHATTANOOGA AND MISSION RIDGE. 

As the troops arrived at Chattanooga from the Chickamauga battlefield, they 
were formed in a defensive line extending from the Tennessee Eiver, above (north 
of) the town, around by the east in a grand semicircle inclosing it to the river 
bank below (south of) it, the line being about two miles long. The river, sweeping 
around the town by the west in a corresponding curve, inclosed it on that side. 
Our division, being the last to arrive at daybreak on the 22d, was placed in 
position near the centre of the line, and on and across the Eossville road by 
which we had come. A chain of pickets being established about half a mile in 
front of the general line, the troops began at once to protect themselves in 
position by excavating a simple ditch, throwing the dirt up in a ridge on the 
outer side of it, and by the middle of the forenoon a continuous intrenched line 
had been completed. This was from day to day improved and strengthened, 
and at intervals quite pretentious works were constructed of earth and supplied 
with artillery. The enemy appeared about noon on the 22d, and, as they 
located our picket line, established theirs conforming to it, and from forty to 
eighty rods distant, and then formed their lines and established their camps nearly 
parallel and about a mile and a half from ours; occupying also the point of 
Lookout Mountain and the crest of Mission Eidge, and fortifying them. 

Here for two months the two armies faced each other; the enemy, having his 
line of communication by rail from Atlanta open and unobstructed, was well 
supplied with food, while our army, dependent upon a difficult and tortuous 
route from Bridgeport over the mountains, was for several weeks reduced to 
half rations of food and forage, while clothing and other supplies could not be got 
through at all. Many of the men had lost or thrown away, in the two days 
battle, their tents and blankets, and now these were much needed as the cold 
weather came on. The exposure to the weather and the poor and scanty food, 
with the confinement in the line of battle camps, rapidly increased the sick rolls 
and filled the hospitals, while for want of forage the horses and mules generally 
became unfit for any service, and many of them perished. The operations by 
which the river line was opened and the situation improved cannot be 
detailed in this narrative, which does not pretend to be a history of armies or of 
campaigns. Our men bore the want of proper shelter, food and clothing with 
brave and uncomplaining patience and with no thought of giving up the position 
so dearly won and so important to hold. The enemy had planted some heavy 
guns on the nose of Lookout Mountain, and would occasionally admonish us of 
their presence by heaving a big shell into our camps. One of these shells 
descended through the roof and two floors of a hospital building filled with sick 
and wounded men, but without harming anyone, as it did not explode. Another 
burst over our regiment, mortally wounding Sergeant Caviezel of Company F, and 
injuring several others. Here the army was reorganized, and when this was 
completed we found that the One Hundred and First Indiana, Seventy-fifth 
Indiana and the One Hundred and Fifth Ohio had been added to our brigade, 
Colonel Van Derveer of the Thirty-fifth Ohio still commanding it. In the seven 
regiments now comprising it he had, in the aggregate, less men than in the four 
with which he commenced the battle of Chickamauga four weeks before. We are 
now known as the Second Brigade, Third Division, Fourteenth Army Corps; 
Brig. Gen. A. Baird commanding the division, and Maj. Gen. George H. 
Thomas, the corps. 

On the 19th of October General Eosecrans vacated and General Thomas as 
sumed the command of the Army of the Cumberland, and General John M. Palmer 
of the Fourteenth Corps. On the 20th our reorganized brigade was assembled 
and encamped in a new position; our regiment occupying what was known as 
Hospital Hill, about half a mile in rear of our former position, and a much more 
desirable location. Here we constructed huts, and, with the scanty material 
available, made them as comfortable as we could. On the 4th day of October Maj. 
Davis, who had been wounded at Chickamauga, left us on sick-leave, and on the 
16th of November Col. George also started for Minnesota with a surgeon s 
certificate of disability and sixty days leave of absence. About the 1st of 



CHATTANOOGA AND MISSION RIDGE. 103 

November the new line of supplies by the Tennessee Eiver, from Bridgeport, was 
secured and opened, and soon afterward full rations and issues of clothing and 
camp equipage were realized, to our great comfort and relief. And now the 
preparations for another battle were energetically pushed, until on the 22d of 
November all was ready, and on the 23d the Army of the Cumberland moved 
out by divisions, in battle array, in the open space between the intrenched lines 
east of the city, the men carrying three days rations and one hundred cartridges 
each. This movement was in plain sight of the enemy, of course, but no prepa 
ration seems to have been made to oppose it. Some of the prisoners said 
afterward that some supposed that a grand review was to take place, and others 
that the " Yanks" were out of wood again and were going to take in a fresh 
supply. By a quick rush in the afternoon our lines were advanced, capturing 
the enemy s intrenched lines on Orchard Knob and along the range of hills 
connected with it. During the night Sherman s troops crossed the river above 
Chattanooga, and next morning got into position for attacking the north end of 
Mission Eidge, while Hooker s army got ready for an assault on the north end of 
Lookout Mountain. Hooker s attack was made on the morning of the 24th, 
and was so successful that about noon his troops appeared coming around the 
nose of the mountain into plain view from Chattanooga, driving the enemy 
before them. Eain and mist soon hid the contesting forces from our sight, but 
we could distinctly hear the musketry, and so trace the advance of our troops 
as the "battle above the clouds" went on. By nightfall the mist had cleared 
and the two opposing lines could be located and observed by the flashes of the 
muskets which lighted the slope of the mountain like swarms of fire-flies. The 
contest ended about 9 o clock p. M., and in the night the enemy abandoned the 
mountain altogether, crossing the valley and reinforcing their lines on Mission 
Eidge. 

Sherman s attack was made about noon, and was obstinately resisted. He 
did not make much progress, though he kept at the enemy all day, compelling 
him to reinforce that part of his line heavily. On the 25th Sherman renewed his 
attack on the enemy s extreme right at the north end of the ridge, while Hooker 
descended into the valley and directed his march toward the enemy s left at 
Eossville Gap. The enemy in his hasty retreat had destroyed the bridge over 
Chattanooga Creek and Hooker had to replace it, which delayed his arrival at 
Eossville until about 3 o clock p. M. About noon our division was ordered to 
form as the left division of the Army of the Cumberland, then in position facing 
Mission Eidge. Here our brigade occupied the centre of the division, the First 
(Turchin s) on our right, and the Third (Phelp s) on our left. Our own bri 
gade was formed for battle in two lines of three regiments each, with the Second 
Minnesota Eegiment in advance, and covering the entire brigade front, with two 
companies deployed as skirmishers and six companies as reserve, Companies 
E and G being on detached service. 

The official report of the regimental commander, written on the 30th of No 
vember, 1863, describes the further movements of the regiment as follows, the 
entire report being quoted here: 

* 

HEADQUARTERS SECOND EEGIMENT MINNESOTA VOLUNTEERS, 

Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 30, 1863. 
Capt. J. E. BEATTY, 

A. A. A. G. Second Brigade, 

Third Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, 

CAPTAIN: In response to circular instructions of this date from brigade 
headquarters, I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken 
by the Second Minnesota Infantry Volunteers in the operations against the 
enemy during the week commencing Nov. 23, 1863. 

On Monday, the 23d inst., the regiment marched, at 3 o clock p. M., from its 
encampment in Chattanooga with the other regiments, comprising the Second 
Brigade, with three days rations and one hundred rounds of ammunition per 
man, and was placed in line of battle about half a mile distant from and in front 



104 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

and south of Fort Negley. The regiment remained in position here until noon 
of Wednesday, the 25th, when with the brigade it marched to the left, taking a 
position east of and about a mile distant from Fort Wood, and facing the enemy s 
positions at the foot of and on the crest of Mission Eidge. Here the regiment 
was advanced with two companies deployed, for the purpose of covering the 
brigade in its formation and movement toward the enemy s works. The brigade 
being formed, a general advance was commenced at 3 o clock P. M. and continued 
for a distance of about three- fourths of a mile without opposition, when the de 
ployed companies reached the eastern or further edge of a strip of woods and 
came in full view of the enemy s works, the remaining companies being about 
one hundred and fifty yards in rear of the deployed line, and the remaining six 
regiments of the brigade being about three hundred yards still further back, and 
partially concealed from the enemy s view by the woods in front of them. Im 
mediately in front of the deployed line lay an open field, the ground descending 
for a short distance to a small creek, and beyond it rising gradually for a distance 
of about a quarter of a mile to the crest of a secondary ridge running parallel 
with and about a quarter of a mile distant from the foot of Mission Eidge. 
Along the crest of this secondary ridge was a breastwork of logs, occupied a& 
the front line of the enemy s defenses by two regiments or battalions of infantry. 
Beyond it the ground descended by an easy slope for a distance of three or four 
hundred yards, to the foot of the main, or Mission, ridge, which rises thence 
with a slope, gradual at first, but increasing in abruptness toward the top, to a 
height of five or six hundred feet. Along the crest of Mission Eidge were the 
main defenses of the enemy, consisting of a breastwork of logs, fully manned 
with infantry, and with artillery posted on the more commanding points in sec 
tions of two guns each at intervals of from one to two hundred yards. The 
artillery thus placed swept with direct and cross-fire the whole space between 
the ridges mentioned, and also the open field across which we had to advance 
upon the first breastwork. In the valley between the main and secondary ridges 
were the enemy s encampments, the huts mostly hidden from our view by the 
smaller ridge and the breastwork in front of them. The space between the 
ridges and been covered with woods, but, except the steepest and highest parts 
of the main ridge where the smaller trees had been felled and entangled as an 
obstacle, the timber had been recently cut away and used in the construction of 
huts had breastworks. 

After remaining in front of this part of the enemy s works for some twenty 
minutes, I received an order from Col. Van Derveer, commanding the brigade, 
to deploy my entire command and advance upon the first breastwork, to seize 
and occupy it if possible if repulsed to fall back upon the brigade. The men 
were briefly informed of the desperate service required of them, and instructed 
to withhold their fire and move steadily forward until the work was gained, 
and then defend it to the utmost. The reserve companies were then deployed, 
and, with bayonets fixed, the whole line commenced the advance. The enemy 
opened fire with muskets from the breastwork and with artillery from the main 
ridge as soon as our line emerged from the woods, but, in the face of both, the 
men moved silently and steadily forward, across the creek, and up the slope, 
until within about one hundred paces of the breastwork, when, as the pace was 
quickened, the enemy broke from behind the works and ran in some confusion 
down the slope into and beyond their camps, where, taking cover behind the 
stumps and among the huts, they opened a brisk fire on us again as soon as we 
gained and occupied the breastwork. Our line, now partially sheltered by the 
work, returned the fire with such effect as soon to drive the enemy out of the 
valley and up the slope of the main ridge beyond the range of our rifles. Our 
loss in this attack was severe, though probably much less than would have been 
suffered by troops advancing upon the work in regular line of battle. Fourteen 
prisoners were taken in this breastwork. About twenty minutes after the cap 
ture of the first work, the brigade advanced from the woods, and on arriving at 
the work halted for a few minutes, when the order was given for a general 
assault on the enemy s defenses on Mission Eidge. 



CHATTANOOGA AND MISSION RIDGE. 105 

My regiment moved forward with the others of the brigade, assembling on 
the colors as far as was possible on the way, until, ascending the steepest part of 
the slope, when every man had to find or clear his own way through the entangle 
ment in the face of a terrible fire of musketry and artillery, the men of the 
different regiments of the brigade became generally intermingled, and when the 
brigade finally crowned the enemy s works at the crest of the ridge, the regi 
mental, and even the company, organizations had become completely merged in 
a crowd of gallant and enthusiastic men, who swarmed over the breastworks and 
charged the defenders with such promptness and vigor that the enemy broke and 
fled, leaving the artillery u in battery," and barely getting away a portion of 
the caissons and limbers. Six twelve-pound Napoleon guns were thus captured 
by our brigade, two of them by the men of my regiment. Hardly had a lodge 
ment been made in the works when the enemy s reserves made a furious counter 
attack upon our men yet in confusion. This attack was promptly met by a 
charge en masse by the crowd, which, after a few minutes of desperate hand-to- 
hand fighting, cleared the ridge, leaving the place in our undisputed possession, 
with between two and three hundred prisoners captured in the melee. The cap 
tured artillery was turned upon the retreating enemy and manned by volunteers 
from the different regiments, but darkness soon closed over the field and the 
firing ceased. The regiments were assembled, and, after collecting and caring for 
the dead and wounded, we bivouacked for the night. During the operations 
here recounted, about one hundred and fifty men of my regiment, including two 
entire companies, F and G, were on detached service, leaving but fifteen officers 
and one hundred and seventy men present for duty. Of these one commissioned 
officer was killed and three wounded, and four enlisted men were killed and 
thirty-one wounded; total casualties, thirty-nine, or a fraction more than twenty- 
one per cent of the number engaged. Three of the wounded have since died. 
The ammunition expended averaged fifty-two rounds per man. Of seven non 
commissioned officers in the color guard all but one were killed or wounded, the 
color lance was cut off by a fragment of shell and the field torn out of the color 
by another. 

On the morning of the 26th we drew rations for four days, and at noon marched 
in pursuit of the retiring enemy, a distance of about eight miles, to the crossing 
of Chickamauga Creek by the Eossville and Graysville road, where we bivouacked 
for the night. On the 27th, at 4 o clock A. M., we marched again, passing through 
Graysville and arriving at Ringgold, Ga., about 10 o clock A. M., a distance of 
about eleven miles. Here an engagement with the rear guard of the enemy was 
in progress, and we formed in line of battle, in readiness to act as occasion might 
require. At noon the enemy retired, and at night we bivouacked, remaining in 
the same position until noon on the 29th, when we marched for Chattanooga, 
arriving at 6 P. M., a distance of eighteen miles. 

Of the conduct of the officers and men of the regiment, under the hardships 
and privations of the week s campaign in severe and inclement weather, with 
insufficient clothing and scanty rations, and especially of their gallant bearing 
under fire in the operations of Wednesday, I am incompetent to speak in terms 
that would do them justice. The regiment being brought into action deployed 
as skirmishers, there was better scope for individual acts of heroism or of cow 
ardice than would otherwise have been afforded; while I witnessed many of the 
former, I am proud to say that none of the latter have come to my knowledge. 

A list of casualties is hereby transmitted. 

I am, captain, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

J. W. BISHOP, 
Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding Second Minnesota Volunteers. 

The brigade commander, Colonel Ferdinand Van Derveer, in his official re 
port states his total force engaged at 1,679 officers and men, and his total casual 
ties at one hundred and sixty -one killed and wounded. Separating the Second 
Minnesota force and casualty reports from those of the brigade we find that the 
average loss of the other six regiments was a little more than eight per cent, 



106 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

while that of the Second was as before stated over twenty-one per cent. This 
disparity followed naturally from the brigade commander s judicious plan for 
the attack which assigned to our regiment the duty of carrying the first line of 
breastworks "if we could" before exposing the other six regiments to the 
enemy s fire. Doubtless the aggregate loss of the brigade would have been 
greater, and our attack would have failed, had not our men made so cooland 
steady an advance across the open field, reserving all for the final rush. The 
brigade commander acknowledged the gallant service of the regiment in the fol 
lowing language, which is quoted from his official report: " Especial credit is 
due Lieut. Col. Bishop for the management of his regiment when skirmishing 
in front of the brigade, and for the gallant manner in which his command car 
ried the rifle-pits at the foot of the ridge." 

< VETERANIZING. 

Having returned to our camp on Hospital Hill in Chattanooga on the even 
ing of the 29th of November, we enjoyed a comfortable night s rest under 
shelter, after the week of bivouacking, marching and fighting. On the 30th, 
Companies F and G, having been on detached service, cutting timber for 
and aiding in the construction of bridges and pontoons, rejoined the regiment. 
The weather was getting cold and wintry, but with fair supplies of clothing, 
blankets and food, and with comfortable huts and plenty of fuel, the situation 
was quite tolerable. The enemy, some twenty miles away, seemed to be per 
fectly willing to let and be let alone. About the 10th of December large details 
were sent out to the field of Chickamauga to gather and bury the dead, who had 
thus far been neglected. About this date the announcement was received from 
the War Department that regiments having been in service two years or more 
were invited to re-enlist for three years, and upon so re enlisting would be sent 
home on thirty days furlough. This announcement was eminently wise and 
timely under the circumstances. The three years term of many of the regiments 
would expire in the summer of 1864, and it had become evident that the war 
would not be ended within that term. New recruits and new regiments were 
coming out slowly, and it had moreover come to be understood that a veteran 
regiment was in efficiency much more than equal to a new and inexperienced 
one. The proposition was read to the regiment at dress parade, and the men 
were briefly informed by the lieutenant colonel commanding that, for himself, he 
intended to continue in the service to the end of the war if he should live so 
long; that the question of re-enlistment was a personal one; that every man 
should with due consideration decide for himself, and that having so decided 
his position would be respected, whatever his decision might be, and that there 
should be no distinction or discrimination made or permitted between the men 
who did and those who did not re-enlist. The question was taken up by the men 
and a good deal of earnest discussion was had among them during the next ten 
days. They were, after two and a half years of service, perfectly familiar with 
the restraints and hardships and dangers of war, and were not to be enticed into 
re- enlistment ignorantly. They longed to return to their homes in peace, but 
they were as loyal and patriotic as when they first responded to the call to arms, 
and they well knew that their services were now as much needed, and more 
efficient and valuable than they were in 61. 

On the 25th of December the regiment was reported to headquarters as re-en 
listed; eighty per cent (about three hundred men) having so decided. This was 
one of the first regiments in the Army of the Cumberland to so re-enlist, but sev 
eral days elapsed before the proper rolls could be obtained and made for the mus 
ter out and in, which took place on the 29th of December. The payment of the 
troops and procuring transportation and other preparation for going home con 
sumed several days. The non- veterans, numbering about seventy-five men, were 
formed into a temporary company and Captain John Moulton and Lieuts. M. 
Thoeny and Charles Eampe were detailed to remain with them. This detach 
ment was assigned to duty during the absence of the regiment as provost guard 
at division headquarters. On the 8th of January, 1864, the regiment embarked 






"VETERANIZING." 107 

at three o clock in the morning on the small steamers Dunbar and Kingston and 
arrived at Bridgeport in the afternoon, distance about forty miles by river. Here 
the men were loaded into a train of box cars and arrived at Nashville after noon 
next day. This trip, without exercise or fire or warm food, in midwinter, was a 
severe one, but we were yet in the war country and going home, and there was little 
grumbling or complaint. At Nashville, at 7 P. M. on the 14th, a train of empty 
box cars was again assigned to us, in which we had another cold and uncomforta 
ble journey of eighteen hours, arriving at Louisville about noon on the 15th, 
and were quartered in the military barracks. Here all needed clothing was sup 
plied for our midwinter trip to Minnesota, and we took advantage of this oppor 
tunity to turn in our old Enfield muskets, which we had been obliged to carry 
since our second equipment. Arrangements having been made for this, we had 
a parade march on the 17th from the barracks to the ordnance building, carry 
ing for the last time the arms and equipments with which we had fought Tulla- 
homa, Chickamauga and Mission Eidge. The arms were stacked, the equipments 
unslung and hung on the bayonets and we returned to the barracks forty rounds 
lighter and feeling perhaps more like furloughed men than before. 

Our orders for transportation to Chicago were here obtained over the Louis 
ville, New Albany & Chicago railroad, upon the assurance of the superintend 
ent that we should have comfortable coaches and a quick passage. He at first 
thought that box cars were good enough for soldiers, but we now insisted upon 
proper transportation, as it was paid for and we had a right to it. Finally we 
were notified that on Monday morning, the 18th of January, our train would be 
ready, and we crossed the Ohio Elver to the New Albany depot, to find a train of 
box and cattle cars, some of them bedded six inches deep with frozen dung, backed 
down to the platform for our accommodation. The superintendent was conven 
iently absent, but he was informed by telegraph that the cattle train would not 
answer our purpose, and that we would return to Louisville and ask for trans 
portation by some other line if passenger coaches were not promptly provided 
as promised. The weather was intensely cold, with wind and driving snow, and 
it was a shameful thing to propose to transport human beings in such weather 
and in such cars as were offered us. After some delay a message came that the 
cattle cars were all a mistake and that coaches would be ready in the afternoon, 
and so we waited. About five o clock the train was made ready and we started in 
warm, comfortable cars for Chicago, expecting to arrive there next morning; such 
transportation as that would, however, have been too good for soldiers, and we did 
not arrive there until the morning of the 21st. After breakfast at the Soldiers 
Home we started again by rail for La Crosse, arriving there at 3 p. M. on the 
22d, where we were hospitably entertained. Henceforward our transportation 
was to be by sleighs by the stage company, but only conveyances for half the 
regiment were ready; Major Davis with the band and four companies were for 
warded the same evening and arrived at St. Paul early Sunday morning, the 24th 
of January, one hundred and forty miles in twenty -two hours, which was con 
siderably better time than we had made on the New Albany railroad. The 
lieutenant colonel commanding, with the remaining six companies, left La Crosse 
twelve hours later and except three companies, A, B and C, furloughed at 
Winona, arrived at St. Paul Sunday evening. 

The ladies of Winoua gave a hot breakfast to the first detachment, and a 
hot supper to the second; and the people of all the river towns along the route 
improved every opportunity to show the boys they were welcome. On Monday, 
the 25th, the men dispersed for their homes, each with thirty days leave of 
absence, which time they doubtless enjoyed as they deserved to. The officers, 
instead of receiving furloughs, had been ordered on recruiting service, and were 
aided everywhere by the enlisted men, who all felt interested -in filling up the 
regiment, now reduced to less than half the standard strength. 

Headquarters were reopened at Fort Snelling on the 25th of February, and, as 
the men came in rapidly, the regiment was mustered for inspection and pay on the 
29th, showing, besides the three hundred veterans, about one hundred and fifty 
recruits. In the afternoon of this day, on the invitation of the ladies of St. An- 



108 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

thony, prominent among whom were Mrs. and Miss Van Cleve, the wife and daugh 
ter of our first colonel, the regirneot marched from the fort to that place, where & 
grand reception, supper and ball were given in its honor at the then vacant 
Winslow Hotel building. The ball lasted all night, and ended with a hot break 
fast at seven o clock, after which the boys marched back to the fort, eight miles, 
arriving quite rested and refreshed. That St. Anthony entertainment was 
another event that still warms the hearts of the old boys whenever they meet and 
talk of old war times. 

Two or three days now came of busy preparation for returning to the front. 
Aided by the active influence of Gov. Stephen Miller, a complete outfit of new 
Springfield rifles, of uniform pattern and caliber, with equipments complete, was 
obtained, clothing was issued and transportation ordered. On the 3d of March 
the first detachment of one hundred and fifty men was started in Concord 
coaches for La Crosse, another detachment followed on the 4th, another on the 
5th, and the field, staff and band on the 6th. Arriving at La Crosse the ice was 
breaking up and the crossing was a work of considerable danger and difficulty. 
It was accomplished, however, without accident, on the 9th and 10th; and at 3 
A. M. on the llth we started by rail for Chicago. Colonel George, who had left 
us at Chattanooga four months before, rejoined the regiment at La Crosse and 
assumed command. After breakfast at the Chicago Soldiers Home on the 12th, 
the regiment was forwarded in detachments to Louisville, the last arriving 
there early on the 16th, and, after a day s delay, proceeded to Nashville, 
arriving Saturday morning, the 19th. The trains were crowded with returning 
veteran regiments and supplies for the army at the front, and after waiting 
three days we got orders to march through to Chattanooga, and, moving out of 
the city four miles, encamped in the afternoon of the 23d. The march was un 
eventful; an easy one for the veterans, but a new and tough experience for the 
recruits. We arrived at Stevenson on the 5th of April, and, climbing on the top 
of a train of loaded box cars, proceeded thence by rail to Chattanooga, where 
we encamped, on the 6th, on Chattanooga Creek, and reported our arrival to 
division headquarters, then at Einggold. On the 9th we resumed our march, and 
on the 10th rejoined our old brigade and division at Einggold, Ga. Here we 
received a most hearty welcome from our non-veterans, who now rejoined us, 
and from our old comrades of the other regiments. 

THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. 

At Einggold we found the army comfortably in camp. Trains were running 
pretty regularly, bringing rations, forage, clothing, camp equipage and ammu 
nition from Louisville and Nashville, but the daily consumption of so large an 
army was enormous and the supplies accumulated slowly. Nearly every train 
brought also on the roofs of the loaded cars a veteran regiment returning from, 
furlough. For us the next four weeks were full of business; we had about four 
hundred and fifty men present for duty, ose-third of them being new recruits 
without any real experience as soldiers except that gained in the march through 
from Nashville, which was of considerable value in putting them on their soldier 
legs. These men had to be taught to handle their arms and equipments and 
instructed in guard and picket duty, and in the school of the soldier, the company 
and battalion. They were distributed to the several companies and paired off 
with the veterans, so far as could be. Daily drill and exercise, forenoon and 
afternoon, with dress parade at retreat, was the regular order, varied once a 
week by a regimental tour of picket duty in front of the enemy. On the 29th 
of April our brigade made a reconnaissance to the front, on which we found and 
developed the enemy s line, returning, however, without casualties, after giving 
our recruits their first view of the men in gray. This was repeated on the2d 
of May, the brigade going out seven miles to Tunnel Hill. On the 6th of May 
the regiment got ready for active work by a careful inspection of men and arms 
and equipage; the sick and lame were sorted out and with all surplus baggage 
sent back to Chattanooga, the cartridge boxes were carefully examined and the 
haversacks supplied with three days rations, and the ammunition and supply 
wagons loaded and parked ready to follow the troops. 



THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. 109 

On the 7th the Atlanta campaign began the famous hundred days of ma 
neuvering and fighting, without a single hour of quietude by day or night. We 
broke camp at 4 o clock p. M. and the troops were soon in motion, arriving at 
Tunnel Hill, driving the enemy s skirmishers before us, at noon. Here the 
enemy was strongly intrenched and some hard fighting was done without dis 
lodging him, our regiment not being seriously engaged. Next day commenced 
the movement of McPherson s corps to the right and through Snake Creek Gap, 
to the enemy s left and rear, resulting in his evacuation of Dalton on the night 
of the 12th. Another three days skirmishing and a flank movement to the right 
forced the evacuation of Eesaca by the enemy on the night of the 15th. On the 
16th we bivouacked at Eesaca, on the 17th at Calhoun, on the 18th passed through 
Adairsville, and on the 19th we marched through Kingston and bivouacked by 
the railroad near Cassville, where we remained three days. Here on the 21st 
our long-time comrades of the Ninth Ohio were ordered to Cincinnati for muster- 
out, their three years term having expired. Our men had spent most of the day 
in visiting and saying good-by to them, and when they were ready to leave 
our regiment was formed to give them a parting " present arms" as they marched 
past our front, followed by three rousing cheers for the heroes and comrades of 
Mill Springs, Chickamauga and Mission Eidge. On the 23d we marched four 
miles, forded the Etowa Eiver, and six miles further on bivouacked at Euharlie 
Creek. For the next eight days we were in charge of trains in the rear of our 
general line of battle. On the 2d of June we were ordered to the front, and, com 
ing up to the enemy s fortified lines, our brigade intrenched a parallel line in his 
presence and held it until the 5th, when he evacuated his position. It would be 
tedious to detail here the alternate moves, waits and fights of the next four 
weeks. Some part of our army was under fire all the time. So continuous was 
the uproar of musketry and cannon near or remote, and so accustomed to it did 
we become that we came to ignore it altogether, unless actually engaged in it. 
Our men ate, slept, wrote letters, played cards and chuck a luck, washed and 
mended their clothes and polished their rifles in careless indifference until we 
ourselves were called out to make or to repel an attack; if at any hour of the 
night the din would absolutely cease, the unwonted silence would awaken the 
sleeping soldiers to wonder what had happened. 

On the 18th of June it was our turn to the front. We moved at 9 A. M., in 
the rain, and our skirmishers soon came to the crest of a low ridge, in full view 
of the enemy s intrenchnients, about three hundred or four hundred yards away. 
It was well filled with infantry and artillery and they were evidently quite ready 
to receive us, their skirmish line having been withdrawn to their breastworks. 
Our ridge commanded the enemy s line and it seemed important to occupy it. 
Presently, indeed, instructions came from corps headquarters to our division to 
establish our line of battle on that ridge, if possible, and in due time the order 
came to the Second Minnesota to mark and intrench a line there for our brigade 
front. A skirmish line was detailed, and the men being carefully instructed by 
the lieutenant colonel, each one carrying a spade, besides his gun, knapsack, etc., 
moved briskly up to and were hastily aligned along the crest. Then each man, 
lying down flat with his gun by his side and his knapsack at his head, commenced 
excavating a shallow ditch, throwing the dirt up in front and working toward 
his neighbor. After ten or fifteen minutes of lively work, a second detail went 
out, and taking the spades continued the work, while the first resumed their guns 
and rested. The enemy kept up a scattering infantry fire on us, but we were 
making good progress, with no casualties, and would soon have had a continuous 
line intrenched. Suddenly a six-gun battery came rushing up behind us and went 
into action on the ground we had been intrenching, nearly running over some of 
our men who were working there. It was a showy but an unfortunate and 
unnecessary exploit, did no good, and cost some valuable lives. The enemy s 
artillery immediately opened upon them and on us, every gun within range, and 
they being well protected, while this battery stood exposed, it got much the worst 
of the fight and soon withdrew, having lost a good many men and horses and 
being generally knocked to pieces. Meantime Lieut. Jones was killed and eleven 



HO THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

others of our regiment were wounded during the few minutes of artillery right 
ing, and the work of intrenching was necessarily suspended, the line being close 
under the muzzles of our battery while in action. It was resumed immediately 
after the battery withdrew and the line was completed, but as the enemy contin 
ued and increased his infantry firing, we were obliged to deploy a strong line to 
reply to it, which was done with such effect as to keep the enemy s heads down 
and prevent good aiming, so we had but few men hurt by their wild firing. 

General O. O. Howard, in the " Century" for June, 1887, page 454, speaks of 
this affair as follows, being a witness of the concluding part of it: "Here I saw 
a feat, the like of which never elsewhere fell under my observation. Baird s 
division, in a comparatively open field, put forth a heavy skirmish line which 
continued, under a heavy fire, such a rapid fire of rifles as to keep down a corre 
sponding hostile line behind its well- constructed trenches, while the picks and 
shovels behind the skirmishers fairly flew until a good set of works was made 
four hundred yards off and parallel to the enemy s." Our line established, we 
made it so uncomfortable for the enemy that at night they abandoned their posi 
tion, drawing back to a new fortified line with Kenesaw Mountain as the centre 
and key point, and extending from it east and southeast, and west and south 
west, covering Marietta and the railroad from there to Atlanta. Our army was 
immediately put in motion and closed up again within easy musket range of the 
enemy s new position, our division being located in front of the mountain, on 
which several batteries had been posted. Our line was intrenched, the usual 
ditch and embankment being supplemented by a breastwork of heavy logs, which, 
covered and protected by the earth in front, proved a good protection from the 
artillery fire/ All the ground in our vicinity was commanded by the guns on 
the mountain, and for a day or two they kept it so warm with shot and shell as 
to confine us to our breastworks, but when they got tired of wasting ammunition 
and ceased firing, our little tents were set and the space in the rear and near the 
breastwork was occupied by our men in comparative comfort, a watch being sta 
tioned to give warning whenever a puff of smoke appeared on the mountain. 

The enemy amused themselves two or three times a day by shelling our camps 
vigorously for a few minutes to see the " Yanks" run for their breastworks. 
Here the muster-out rolls were prepared and orders obtained for the discharge 
of our non-veterans, whose three years term was nearly expired. Colonel George 
announced his intention to retire also at the end of his term, and received orders 
on the 22d to go to Chattanooga on the 23d with our non-veterans and there be 
mustered out. The colonel s age and physical infirmity disqualified him for a 
hard campaign like this, but he persisted to the completion of his term and left 
us at last, much to our regret and his own. About midnight on the 22d our 
regiment was ordered to move about half a mile to the right to relieve another 
regiment there, which was ordered elsewhere. It was a bright, still, moonlight 
night, and the enemy on the mountain was vigilant, and in the habit of investi 
gating with his artillery every suspicious movement, so the men were instructed 
to move quietly, keeping their gun barrels covered, and verbal orders and conver 
sation to be omitted. Our movement was thus safely made, but on our arrival the 
commander of the regiment to be relieved woke up his men at long range by 
shouting the regulation commands in a voice that could be easily heard by the 
enemy, who could also see the glimmer of their muskets in the moonlight, and 
before his men were ready to move a big, round flash was seen on the mountain 
a few seconds later, another right in our faces, with a deafening explosion, 
and six men at the head of our regiment lay mangled on the earth. The going 
regiment took to the woods without any more formal orders and our men took 
their places in the breastworks with no further casualties, though a furious 
cannonade was kept up for half an hour or more. One of the men killed was our 
sergeant major, P. G. Wheeler, who, a few hours later, would have gone to the 
rear to be discharged. It seemed very sad that, after three years faithful service 
without injury, he should fall in the last hour of his term. Next morning at day 
break Colonel George and the non- veterans present with the regiment took 
leave of us, exchanging hearty good wishes and good-byes. 



THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. HI 

On the 27th our division was placed in reserve to Davis 7 division, which 
was ordered to assault the enemy s intrenched line. The attack was most gal 
lantly made, but failed because the line was too strong and too well defended, 
and could not be carried. The loss in the attacking division was heavy, but in 
our division, not seriously under fire, there were few casualties. On the 2d of 
July a detachment of seventy-eight drafted men joined us from Minnesota, and 
were distributed among the companies. The- enemy evacuated Kenesaw during 
the night, retiring south of Marietta. On the 4th our brigade was ordered to 
garrison duty at Marietta, where we remained eight days. This was now the 
grand supply depot for the army, and we had not only to protect the place from 
probable cavalry raids but to unload several trains a day of army supplies and 
reload them into wagons for the front. Our regiment was encamped on the 
beautiful lawn of ex-Gov. MacDonald s homestead, and with a comfortable 
camp, sufficient rations, no marching or fighting to do, we enjoyed the week 
here, notwithstanding the hard work and picket duty. The new men were 
meantime kept busy learning the duty of soldiers. On the 13th our brigade 
marched nine miles to the front, rejoining the division, and next day another 
detachment of ninety-eight drafted men joined us. On the 15th our regiment 
was ordered back to Marietta to relieve the Twentieth Connecticut as provost 
and depot guard. We continued on duty here for five weeks, our time busily 
occupied in guard and picket duty, in handling commissary and quartermaster 
stores, and in instructing our one hundred and seventy-six new men, who, being 
mingled in squads with the veterans, made rapid progress. .On the 19th of 
August we marched again to the front and rejoined our brigade before Atlanta 
on the 20th. 

Now we were again in the enemy s presence and our old experience of march 
ing, fighting, intrenching and maneuvering was kept up until, on the 30th, the 
final movement around the enemy s left flank began, culminating on the 1st of 
September in the battle of Jonesboro, fought and won by our Fourteenth Corps. 
Our brigade happened to be in the second line during the fighting, and had but 
three men wounded, none killed. The enemy was badly beaten and broken up in 
the battle, and about three o clock next morning the Confederate army evacuated 
Atlanta, setting fire to the storehouses containing their surplus ammunition 
and stores, which, as we had broken the railroad, they could not move. The 
racket of exploding shells, distinctly heard at our bivouac, reminded us of the 
evacuation of Corinth, of which we had like audible notice, and we knew that at 
last Atlanta was ours. After remaining near Jonesboro two days we leisurely 
marched back to Atlanta, and encamped near the city on the 8th of September. 
We had left Einggold on the 7th of May with four hundred and fifty-one officers 
and men present. This number had been increased by recruits one hundred 
and seventy-six; returned from hospital or detached service, sixty-seven; and 
had been diminished by killed in battle, four; wounded and sent to the hospital, 
sixteen; sick and sent to the hospital, one hundred and thirteen; discharged at 
expiration of service, one hundred and ten; deserted, three; transferred, two; 
leaving present for duty, September 7th, four hundred and forty-six officers and 
men. (Not all the wounded had been sent to the hospital.) The remainder of the 
month of September was occupied with the usual routine of camp life and duty, 
a great deal of attention being given to our recruits, who were rapidly becoming 
soldiers. Meantime many of the other regiments, like ours, were becoming 
reduced by discharge of non-veterans at the expiration of their original terms of 
three years, and while all the loyal states were raising and equipping additional 
troops to fill the quotas called for by the president, some of the governors were 
organizing them into new regiments, which were sent to the front, in some cases, 
under field and company officers of no actual military experience. 

General Geo. H. Thomas, who had known our regiment, having had it under 
his command for three years, especially desired to have it filled up to the stan 
dard strength, and about the 1st of October the lieutenant colonel commanding 
the regiment received a special written request from him to Gov. Stephen 
Miller for the assignment of two hundred recruits with an order to present the 



112 THE SECOND EEGIMENT. 

requisition in person. Leaving the regiment in charge of Major C. S. Uline, he 
started immediately for Minnesota. Next day commenced the northward move 
ment of Hood s army, and on the 4th the regiment with its division began the 
tiresome tramp over the familiar ground of the last summer s campaign. The 
march was uneventful so far as our regiment was concerned; it arrived at 
Gaylesville on the 21st, and moved thence to Borne on the 30th, and thence to 
Kingston on the 2d, of November. On the 4th our bandmaster, E. G. Ehodes, 
arrived with a complete outfit of silver horns from Cincinnati. He had been 
sent from Atlanta for them with our regimental fund liberally supplemented by 
private subscriptions by the officers of the regiment. We were all very proud 
of our band, who, by faithful use of their old instruments, had well earned the bet 
ter ones. Meantime the lieutenant colonel, after a tedious trip with many breaks 
and delays, had been to Minnesota, procured the assignment of eighty- eight 
men all that were then at Fort Snelling unassigned and a promise that more 
should follow soon, and had got back to Chattanooga with them j ust in time to take 
the last train thence to the front, arriving at Kingston at eleven o clock in the 
evening of November llth. The train was immediately unloaded and returned 
northward, and at daybreak next morning the railroad and telegraph lines were 
broken behind us, and the troops started for Atlanta. Our regiment delayed a 
little to distribute the recruits and provide them with rations and ammunition, 
but marched at nine o clock, and rejoined our brigade at Altoona in the evening. 

THE MARCH TO THE SEA. 

Our commuriications northward by railroad and telegraph had been severed 
behind us, and leaving our old commander, General Geo. H. Thomas, to take care 
of Tennessee and Hood s army, we turned our faces southward, retracing the now 
familiar way to Atlanta. On the 14th of November we halted an hour or two 
at Marietta, where we had been on garrison duty five weeks in the preceding 
summer. The once beautiful village had been sadly devastated by the passing 
hostile armies, and our old camps in the shaded lawns were hardly to be recog 
nized. On the 15th we passed into and through Atlanta, encamping about two 
miles east of the city. Here we filled our cartridge boxes and haversacks, put 
on new shoes and clothing, loaded our wagon trains with rations of coffee, sugar 
and hardtack and disincumbered ourselves of all unnecessary baggage and 
equipage in preparation for the new campaign. The great buildings in Atlanta 
that had been used by the enemy for manufacturing and storing military sup 
plies had been set on fire and the conflagration had spread over a great part of 
the town, there being neither men nor means to confine it. All that night the 
burning city lighted up the sky and the exploding shells kept up a noisy but 
harmless cannonade. Next morning the Fourteenth Corps, with colors unfolded 
to the mild autumn breeze and bands playing the inspiring martial music, filed 
out into the road and commenced the now historic march to the sea. Our course 
was eastward, parallel and near to the track of the Georgia Eailroad; passing 
through Decatur, and near Stone Mountain, we encamped early after an easy 
march of fifteen miles. In the next day s march we passed through Lithonia 
and Conyers. We halted at noon for lunch and then our brigade wrecked two 
miles of railroad track before resuming the march. 

This railroad unbuilding was thoroughly and rapidly done about as follows: 
Our regiment having stacked arms and unslung knapsacks near the road is 
formed in a single rank outside the track and facing inward. The rail joints at 
each end of the line being opened, the men all seize the rail with their hands 
and at the "yo heave" command they all lift together, raising the rail grad 
ually up and higher and finally overturning the entire track. The rails are 
joined only with the old-fashioned chairs, and in falling on its back the track is 
shaken up and loosened. The ties are now knocked oif and piled upon the road 
bed cob-house-wise, a few dry fence rails mixed in for kindling, the fire is started 
and the iron rails being laid across the pile are in a short time red hot at the 
centre. A lever and hook is now put on each end of each rail and the ends are 
so turned in opposite directions and brought down to the ground as to give 






THE MARCH TO THE SEA. 113 

the rail at once a spiral twist and a " Grecian bend" along its middle third. 
Sometimes the boys would give them an extra heating and wind them around 
the trees by the roadside, and at every mile-post the letters U. S. in sixty -pound 
rails were set up to encourage the loyalty of those who might see and read. Our 
cavalry having broken a bridge some miles ahead of us, we found a locomotive 
and train of cars at Conyers; they were unable to get away before our arrival 
or afterward. 

On the 28th we passed through Covington, a pretty village, and crossed Yellow 
River; halted at noon for lunch, then disintegrated our usual two miles of rail 
road track. On the 19th we turned southward and left the railroad, directing 
our march toward Milledgeville. The enemy had destroyed the bridge over 
Little River and we had to lay a pontoon bridge, which delayed our march an 
hour or two. The day was rainy, the road slippery and the marching tire 
some and uncomfortable. Next day we passed through Shady Dale, and on the 
21st and 22d the weather was fine and we made good progress. On the 24th we 
entered Milledgeville, the then capital of Georgia, and remained there encamped 
over the next day, which was Thanksgiving day, and was duly celebrated as 
such. We had been eight days on the road from Atlanta and thus far had drawn 
no rations from our wagons except coffee. There had been, however, no lack 
of provisions; it was in that country the season of plenty; there had been cul 
tivated by the negro labor a most bountiful crop of corn, sweet potatoes and 
various vegetables, and on every plantation were fat cattle, pigs and poultry in 
abundance, while the smoke houses were filled with hams and bacon just cured. 
Butter, honey, sorghum syrup, apples, home-made jelly and preserves and pickles 
had been also provided and stored for us, and it wasn t necessary even to ask for 
them. Every morning an officer with a sergeant and ten men (one from each 
company) were sent out to provide a day s subsistence for the regiment. These 
details were called foragers or "bummers." They were of course armed and kept 
together and were thus able to whip, or at least stand off, any party of the enemy s 
cavalry they might meet. Details from other regiments that scattered and strag 
gled lost a good many men by capture, but not a single man of ours was so lost, 
either from the foragers or the column, during the entire march to Savannah. 
These foragers would get as far ahead as they could in the first hour or two, then 
leave the road and visit the plantations, find a wagon or cart, or perhaps a car 
riage and a single or pair of horses, or mules, or oxen, or cows to haul it, load it 
with corn meal, potatoes, hams, poultry and everything else they could find that 
was edible, and, leading a fat steer or two, would return to the roadside and join 
in the column as the regiment came along. The quantity and quality of sup 
plies thus collected by these foragers was more than sufficient, and the grotesque 
appearance of the bummers as they lined the roadside in the afternoon waiting 
to join their regiments was a never-failing source of amusement. They usually 
went out on foot, but returned mounted or in carriages in all styles, from a creak 
ing, rickety cart with a single steer or mule in rope traces to a grand coupe with 
a blooded pair in silver-mounted harness. The officer in charge was always in 
structed to permit no wanton destruction of property or firing of buildings or 
abuse of people at their homes, and so far as is known to the writer these instruc 
tions were observed by our details, but in many cases, no doubt, soldiers who 
were unrestrained by instructions or discipline were guilty of plundering and 
cruelty, not to be justified even in war, though such acts could not always be 
prevented by those in authority. During this march it was the rule, as it was 
in all other marches, that every man should keep his place in the column, strag 
gling being in our regiment absolutely forbidden; first, for his own safety, for 
the straggler was liable to be captured or killed, as many of them were, by the 
enemy s cavalry which followed and hung around our rear and flanks; second, 
for his own good, that he might arrive in camp and get his supper and rest with 
his comrades, rather than to fall out, get behind and then have to travel alone 
far into the night perhaps to find his regiment; and third, and chiefly for the 
sake of good order and discipline, that in any emergency, always to be expected 
and prepared for in war, the regiment should be ready in full strength, every 
man in his place. 



114 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

Milledgeville, then the capital of Georgia, was an ancient, aristocratic place r 
with handsomely shaded streets and dwellings, but it wore an air of quiet deca 
dence and lack of enterprise. The legislature had hastily adjourned the day 
before our arrival, and the governor had departed with the members. General 
Sherman occupied the executive mansion with army headquarters, while some 
of our officers assembled at the capitol and reorganized the legislature, repealing 
the ordinance of secession and adopting a preamble and resolution declaring the 
loyalty of the State of Georgia to the Union. On the 25th of November we 
crossed the Oconee Ei ver, and next day reached Sandersville, where we remained 
two days awaiting some movements by the other corps. The enemy s cavalry, 
under General Wheeler, had been very active of late, burning all the bridges 
ahead of our column, and annoying and capturing our foragers whenever they 
could be taken by surprise. We could pontoon the streams without much delay, 
but did not want our foragers interfered with; so Kilpatrick was ordered to 
punish and drive away the offenders, and our (Baird s) division was sent along 
to support him. Some lively skirmishing occurred during the next three or four 
days between the opposing cavalry forces, but they kept out of the way of our 
infantry generally, and we did not get much fun out of the campaign. On the 
4th of December we drove the enemy through and beyond Waynesboro, and then 
turned southeasterly, and on the 5th encamped at Alexandria. Now followed 
several days of unpleasant weather, obstructed roads and slow progress, with 
continued annoyance and skirmishing with the enemy s cavalry. On the 8th 
we had quite a brush with them, in which Private George Boyson of Company 
K was mortally wounded. This day we crossed the Ebenezer Creek as rear 
guard, and were closely pressed by the enemy while our bridge was being taken 
up. On the 10th we destroyed a section of the Charleston & Savannah railroad, 
including a portion of the trestle bridge at the west bank of the Savannah Eiver. 
Now we had left behind us the fine agricultural country of central Georgia, 
abounding in corn, hogs, cattle and sweet potatoes, had also passed through a 
level section of sandy pine lands, almost destitute of population, improvements 
or provisions, and found ourselves among the rice plantations of the Savannah 
Eiver and coast region. The rice crop had been harvested, and the threshing 
and hulling mills were in operation. These were fired by the enemy at our ap 
proach, but our cavalry saved one of the threshing mills in the vicinity of our 
division, the hulling machinery being destroyed. So, for six or seven days, we 
had rice in abundance, issued to the troops "with the bark on." We had rice 
for breakfast, rice for dinner, rice for supper, and rice the next day and the next. 
Eice for the soldiers, for the horses, for the negroes and mules, and for every 
body. The boys exhausted their ingenuity in contriving various ways of hull 
ing and cooking it, but it was always rice, and we got so sick of it that some of 
us have never eaten any of the stuff since. We were very glad when our regi 
ment was ordered out on the 16th on a foraging expedition which promised, at 
least, a temporary change of diet. We went out in a southwesterly direction, 
and loaded our trains with forage; got a few cattle and some miscellaneous pro 
visions, all there were in the country, and returned on the 19th. We were shelled 
by one of the enemy s batteries, at a distance, on our return, and Private Ste 
phens of Company H was wounded. A wide flooded rice field between us and 
the battery made it inaccessible to us, so we had to leave it behind, much to 
our regret. 

Meanwhile Fort McAllister had been captured by Hazen s division on the 
12th, opening communication with our fleet, and on our return we found forty 
days accumulated mail in our camp, and two or three days later provisions and 
supplies came in from the fleet by transports; among these supplies nothing was 
more welcome to us than Irish potatoes, of which we had seen none in the past 
six weeks. On the night of the 20th the enemy evacuated Savannah, and some 
of our forces entered it at daybreak on the 21st. Our brigade, however, encamped 
in a pleasant field about a mile from the line of defenses constructed by the 
enemy about the city, and officers and men were permitted to visit the city and 
explore the country about it. Some of them discovered that the oyster beds 



SAVANNAH TO RALEIGH. 115 

below the city had been between the guns of our blockading fleet and the enemy s 
shore batteries for two years, and therefore had not been fished. A detail of 
men with big army wagons were sent down there, and returned on Christmas eve 
with several hundred bushels of the big and luscious oysters to enrich our 
Christmas. dinner. 

On the 27th of December the Fourteenth Corps passed in review, before General 
Sherman in the city of Savannah. Our regiment was especially complimented 
by him, as it well deserved, and a few days later was ordered into the city and 
put in charge of the yard and shops and other property of the Central Railroad. 
The officers occupied the general office building and the regiment was housed in 
the great warehouse adjoining the yards. Here, with daily drills and dress pa 
rades in the park-like streets, and with guard and patrol duty, we had a pleasant 
though busy tour of service. Information was here received of the assignment 
of two detachments of recruits from Fort Snelling to our regiment, one of which 
had been forwarded as far as Nashville and was there detained by General 
Thomas until after the battles of the 15th and 16th, in which our recruits par 
ticipated; and Major C. S. Uline was sent to Minnesota to bring the other de 
tachment to the regiment. This he did with all possible expedition; but we left 
Savannah before either detachment arrived, and they both joined us later at 
Goldsboro, N, C. 

SAVANNAH TO RALEIGH. 

On the 20th of January, 1865, we commenced "The Campaign of the Caro- 
linas," no less famous in history than the "March to the Sea." Our regiment 
marched out of their comfortable quarters at the Central Eailroad depot at 7 A. 
M. and at ten o clock encamped at Cherokee Hill, eight miles out on the Augusta 
road, by which we had approached the city a month earlier. We left this camp 
on the 25th, and bridging and crossing one branch of the Ebenezer Creek on the 
26th and another on the 27th, passing that day through the pretty village of 
Springfield, we encamped on the 28th near Sisters 7 Ferry on the Savannah Eiver, 
about forty miles above the city. Here we remained a week, while a pontoon 
bridge was being thrown across the river and a corduroy road built across the 
wide overflowed bottom lands on the South Carolina side, and while trains and 
artillery were being crossed. On the 5th of February we marched over and 
camped three miles from the bridge, waiting there while it was being taken up 
on the 6th. Next day we passed through the smouldering ruins of Eobertsville 
and Brighton which had been burned the day before by our own troops ahead of 
us. Our course now lay west of north, parallel to and a few miles distant from 
the Savannah Eiver, until the 10th, when we turned to the right, and, crossing 
the Salkehatchie Eiver, arrived at Barnwell Court House. Our brigade had 
the advance to-day, and as we came in sight of the village an order was received 
from corps headquarters for our regiment to encamp therein and to prevent any 
firing of buildings or any molestation of the inhabitants. As every house in 
sight of our march from Sisters Ferry had been burned, with no attempt to 
restrain or prevent the lawless destruction, it seemed that a difficult duty had 
been assigned to us. Our pace was quickened and we entered the village in 
advance of all other troops; guards were stationed at all the houses and the bum 
mers and stragglers were admonished as they came up to keep in the streets 
and move on. They were greatly surprised at this restraint and some of them 
were not disposed to submit to it; but no serious resistance was made, and by 
sunset the village was as quiet and peaceful as could be desired. We remained 
here until noon next day, when our corps having passed on we were ordered to 
follow. Before we were half a mile away the village was on fire in a dozen dif 
ferent places and was no doubt totally destroyed. 

On the 12th we reached the Augusta & Charleston railroad, twenty-four 
miles east of Augusta. Here we turned eastward and spent most of the after 
noon in destroying the track and bridges; this work was resumed next morning 
In the afternoon we marched about ten miles northerly and encamped near 
Davis Mills, on the South Edisto Eiver, our brigade being rear guard of the 



116 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

Fourteenth Corps. Next morning, the 14th, we crossed the river and burned 
the bridges behind us- then marched seventeen miles, to the North Edisto. On 
the 15th we crossed Congaree Creek at Clark s Mills. The roads were bad and 
we had considerable work in corduroying the soft places and helping the heavy 
wagons out of the mud. Next day we crossed Twelve Mile Creek and passed 
through the smoking ruins of Lexington Court House. On the 17th we waited 
in camp all the forenoon while the troops ahead of us crossed the Saluda Eiver, 
which was a wide, swift and muddy stream, and had been bridged by our pon- 
toniers. We marched, about 5 p. M., over the swaying bridge and on into the 
night. The wind was blowing hard and the whole country seemed on fire. 
Columbia, six miles away, lighted up the eastern sky, and the woods and the 
fences and the buildings and the stacks of straw and forage were everywhere 
ablaze. Along thB road were some " deadening" fields, in which the pine trees 
had been killed by girdling and left to decay standing, while the ground was 
tilled among them. The fire would climb these dead trees, following a streak 
of turpentine or pitch, and, running out the great, bare limbs, would find the 
fat, pitchy knots and there flare up in flaming torches that seemed to be sus 
pended in the sky with no visible support. In one of the regiments that had 
encamped in one of these deadenings, some of the men were seriously hurt by 
the falling of limbs that had been burned off the trees over them. Columbia 
was occupied to-day by the Fifteenth Corps, and we heard that they had a 
lively night of it there. On the 18th our march was resumed, but was slow and 
tedious, most of the time being spent in corduroying the bottomless roads and 
extricating the wagons from the mud-holes. At night we encamped near the 
Broad Eiver, opposite Alston, which was an important railroad junction about 
twenty-five miles northwest of Columbia. Next morning, Sunday, we crossed 
the river and destroyed several miles of railroad track, and burned a train of 
cars and the depot; then attended divine service in the afternoon in camp. 
On Monday we marched northward to Monticello, and on Tuesday eastward to 
Winsboro, on the Columbia & Chester railroad. Wednesday, the 22d, we 
tackled the railroad track again and dissected four or five miles of it. 

Our course for a few days had been through a fine, productive country, and 
forage and provisions had been plentiful. On the 23d we moved eastward about 
fifteen miles to the Catawba Biver, at Eocky Mount, where our pontoniers were 
laying a bridge. The stream was wide and full from the recent rains, and the 
current rapid and swirly. It required all the available bridge equipment, and, 
moreover, was a work of great difficulty to span the river with an adequate 
structure. The Twentieth Corps had hardly crossed it ahead of us when it was 
broken by driftwood floating down the river. The next three days were spent 
in replacing the bridge and making and keeping it as secure as possible, 
while a crew of men in boats were put in the river above it to intercept the 
driftwood and tow it to the shores. Meantime it rained nearly all the time, 
and the roads as well as the streams were getting worse. Our troops and 
trains, however, had been crossing at such times as the bridge seemed safe, and 
at seven o clock on the evening of the 27th our turn, as the rear brigade, came 
to cross. We lighted our precarious way with pitch pine torches, as we moved 
down the narrow, winding, bottomless road to the west bank and gingerly 
walked over the slender swaying chain of canvas boats and then up the slippery 
hill on the eastern shore, where we halted and waited for daylight. We had 
been delayed here several days, and Sherman, who was ahead with the Twentieth 
Corps, was getting impatient. The rains still continued, but nothing could now 
make the roads any worse than the Twentieth Corps had left them after the 
passage of their trains and artillery. We commenced at daybreak, now cutting 
a new parallel road through the woods, and now corduroying the old one, as one 
or the other seemed best; and by working hard all day, forwarded our train 
three or four miles while the pontoniers were taking up the bridge. Next day, 
March 1st, we made fifteen miles, encamping near Hanging Eock battle ground, 
where Sumter and Tarleton met in the Eevolutionary War. On the 4th we 
crossed the line into North Carolina, and on the 5th encamped near the Great 



SAVANNAH TO EALEIGH. 117 

Pedee Eiver at Sneadsboro. The six days march between the two rivers, with 
continual rain and mud, had been the most uncomfortable and fatiguing of the 
whole campaign, and we were not sorry to have one pleasant day in camp while 
the bridge was being thrown across the stream. At intervals we heard explo 
sions down the river and wondered whether the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps 
were having a battle at Cheraw, or, as we afterward learned, were burning some 
captured ordnance stores. 

On the 7th, the bridge having been completed, we crossed the river at noon, 
and then the rain commenced again and continued for three days more. Our 
route now lay through the piny country of North Carolina, whose products, as 
our child s geographies had told us, were "pitch, tar, rosin, turpentine and lum 
ber." On the 10th our brigade had the lead of the army, and, as we came in 
sight of Fayetteville, found the enemy in our front. Our progress was disputed 
for several miles, without, however, much delaying us, and we entered the city 
about 11 A. M., driving the enemy s rear guard into and through and beyond it, 
saving the bridge over Cape Fear Eiver by a lively skirmish and a race for it. 
Next day a boat arrived from Wilmington with dispatches for Sherman. Our 
regiment was detailed for provost guard, and made responsible for the protection 
of persons and property of the residents during our occupation of the place. 
We had a pleasant tour of duty here, with good weather and some rest. The 
old United States Arsenal, which had been in operation for the past four years, 
making ordnance stores for the Confederate army, was, by General Sherman s 
order, destroyed, the buildings razed and the expensive machinery broken up. 
On the 15th our regimental commander received orders to burn a large cotton 
factory and warehouse in the city, which had been manufacturing goods for the 
Confederate States Army, and this was done, to the infinite sorrow of the throng 
of girls and other operatives who witnessed it. On the 16th the movement of 
the army toward Goldsboro commenced, and the laborious mending of roads 
and boosting of wagons was resumed, and continued until we encountered the 
enemy in force at Bentonville on the 20th. Our brigade was but lightly 
engaged here, but behaved gallantly, our regiment losing two men wounded. 
Eemaining on the battlefield one day our march was resumed on the 22d, and 
next day we crossed the Neuse Eiver and encamped at Goldsboro. Here we 
found Generals Terry and Schofield, with the Tenth and Twenty-third Corps, all 
resplendent in new uniforms, and well supplied with camp equipage and regula 
tion army rations. Our army, with sixty-three days of hard campaigning, with 
no opportunity of drawing new clothing or mending what we wore, had come- to 
that condition when a general change of dress and a chance to wash off the tar 
smoke was eminently desirable. Moreover, understanding that we were to rest 
a few days at Goldsboro, our foraging details had been instructed that day to 
provide as large a supply of miscellaneous provisions as possible, and they had 
been successful, every regiment having at its rear the motley cavalcade of 
"bummers" and their equipage, well laden with assorted plunder. As we ap 
proached the city orders came to close up the columns and prepare to pass in 
review before Generals Schofield and Terry, to whom Sherman, Slocum and How 
ard proposed to exhibit the army of which they were so justly proud. It may 
be supposed that our own commanders, in thinking of the splendid achievements 
of the army, had quite forgotten the condition it was in, and its appearance as 
it passed the reviewing stand was a surprise to them, as well as to the dis 
tinguished officers invited to review us. At all events the review was abruptly 
discontinued after the first two or three brigades had passed, and we went to our 
camps without further ceremony. After a day s rest in camp our regiment was 
ordered out six miles from Goldsboro, to guard and operate a grist mill, and 
next day we received a mail, the first since the 5th of February. 

Supplies of clothing, ammunition and army rations of food were issued here, 
and distributed to the men. Without any previous notice our regiment was 
carefully and thoroughly inspected on the 1st of April by an officer from corps 
headquarters. He commended everything except the band; he commended this 
also with their silver horns and magnificent music he could not do otherwise 



118 THE SECOND REGIMENT. 

but he reminded the commanding officer that regimental bands had long since 
been abolished, and he would have to report this one to the corps commander as 
unauthorized. It had to be explained to him that these men were only the 
authorized company musicians and not a "band" at all, within the meaning of 
the regulations. On the 3d of April Major Uline rejoined the regiment, with 
eighty recruits from Minnesota, whose names filled up our rolls to the number 
required to entitle our regiment to a colonel, so on the same day Lieut. Colonel 
J. W. Bishop, who nine months before had been commissioned colonel, was 
mustered as such; Major Uline was mustered as lieutenant colonel and Captain 
Moulton as major. Next day our division was reviewed by General Schofield, who 
had for a time commanded it at Triune, Tenn. , in the spring of 1863. He person 
ally congratulate^ the colonel on the splendid appearance of the regiment. On 
the 9th Sergeant Kelsey reported with fifty-nine more recruits, which had been 
forwarded from Minnesota in November, 64, and had spent the winter in General 
Thomas command at Nashville, Tenn. On the 10th of April our army was again 
in motion toward Ealeigh, our brigade leading the Army of Georgia twelve miles 
to Springfield, driving the enemy before us all day. They fired the bridge over 
Neuse Eiver as they crossed it, and a sit had been well prepared for burning with 
tar and pitch, we were unable to save it. Next morning we received the news 
of the surrender of Lee s army, and the camps resounded with cheers; Johnston s 
army was yet before us, however, and we went for him again. Next day we had 
a skirmish fight on the way to Ealeigh, fifteen miles, arriving there at noon. 
Our regiment was placed in charge of the state insane asylum there, and encamped 
in the ample grounds, placing a chain of guards around it to keep away the bum 
mers, who were ready to turn out the inmates, sane or insane, without discrimi 
nation or formality. 

After a day s rest here we marched again on the 15th, six miles, to Holly 
Springs, and the next day six miles further toward Durham Station. We 
remained in this vicinity during the ten days occupied in the first and the final 
negotiations for the surrender of Johnston s army, which took place at Durham 
on the 26th, and of which we were formally informed on the 27th. The paroling 
of the surrendered men was assigned to General Schofield, and we returned by 
easy marches to the vicinity of Ealeigh, encamping Saturday, the 29th, at Page s 
Station, a short distance west of the city. Our march of four hundred and 
eighty miles, from Savannah to Goldsboro, occupied sixty-three days in mid 
winter, with bad roads and much inclement weather and in the presence of an 
active enemy, strong enough to annoy, but not to seriously delay us. "We com 
menced the campaign with five hundred and twenty -six officers and men present, 
of whom eleven, including two men wounded at Bentonville, were sent tempora 
rily to the field hospital, and five were captured while foraging; a total loss of 
only three per cent from our effective force. 

RICHMOND, WASHINGTON AND HOME. 

With the surrender of Johnston s army the war, so far as we were concerned, 
was substantially over, and we all knew that a few weeks more or less would 
emancipate us from the restraints of military service and restore us to the 
peaceful avocations of civil life. Orders were received on the 30th of April 
to " prepare for a comfortable and leisurely march to Eichmond." The troops 
were to carry only ten rounds of cartridges, all surplus stores, ammunition and 
supplies being turned in for storage, and we were notified that we would be 
expected at Eichmond about the 10th of May, which would make our march 
about sixteen miles a day. This for a veteran army, homeward bound, with 
good roads, good weather, and no enemy in the way was easy enough. The 
march was to commence on Monday, the 1st of May, but on Sunday morning, 
under the pretense of changing the troops to a more eligible camp, the Four 
teenth Corps was led out about sixteen miles and encamped at 3 p. M. The 
remainder of the afternoon was spent in mustering the men and preparing the 
pay rolls. 



RICHMOND, WASHINGTON AND HOME. 119 

On the 1st of May the reveille sounded long before daylight, and we marched 
at five o clock, crossing Neuse and Tar rivers, and encamping at 6 P. M., after a 
march of twenty-four miles. On the 2d we made twenty-two miles, and on the 
3d, with a delay of five hours in bridging and crossing Eoanoke Eiver at 
Taylor s Ferry, we marched sixteen miles and encamped near Boydton, Va. 
On the 4th we marched again at 5 o clock A. M., making twenty-two miles. On 
the 5th the march was urged all day long, and twenty-eight miles were covered, 
and on Saturday, the 6th, twenty-four miles. On Sunday, the 7th, twenty miles, 
brought our division within a mile of the James Eiver at Eichmond, and here 
orders were received from Major General H. W. Halleck, commanding the De 
partment of the James, directing the approaching troops to encamp at least six 
miles south of the city, and forbidding any officer or soldier of Sherman s army 
to enter it unless he had a written pass from his corps commander. General 
Sherman, not expecting our arrival so soon, was absent, and in partial and reluc 
tant compliance with these orders the weary troops retraced their steps some 
two or three miles and went into camp. In the next two days a good many of 
Sherman s officers and soldiers did visit the city without the required pass, 
greatly to the vexation of the provost guard, who were expected to prevent 
their crossing the river and to arrest and imprison all who might be found in 
the city without proper authority. On the 9th, Sherman still being absent, 
orders from " Headquarters, Department of the James," were received and 
published to our army, announcing a grand review of the Fourteenth Corps in 
Eichmond on the 10th by the major general commanding the department. This 
order prescribed with infinite detail the line of march by which the corps was to 
be brought into the august presence of the department commander, the for 
mation of the troops in the column, and the position the arms were to be carried 
in passing the several streets, and especially the honors to be paid the reviewing 
officer. All baggage wagons and camp followers and irregulars of every sort 
were to be rigorously excluded from the column, and the soldiers and their arms 
and equipments were to be, in the highest degree, in military order and condi 
tion. General Sherman arrived late that night, but in time to announce to the 
troops before daybreak that the proposed review would not take place as 
arranged. Our arrival had been several days earlier than had been expected 
and he now ordered the quartermasters and paymasters, who were on their way 
to meet us, back to Washington!, and decided to march his army through to the 
Potomac at once. On the 10th our marching orders were received and next day 
the Fourteenth and Twentieth Army corps marched through the city in their 
free and easy route step, paying no honors to anybody. 

Since Johnston s surrender no foraging on the country had been done, and the 
bummers had been gradually reduced to the ranks and to discipline and order, 
but on this day s march they were revived and displayed in unusual exuberance 
of style, spirit and equipment. We marched twenty-three miles that day, cross 
ing Chickahominy Eiver, and in thirteen miles next day passed through Hanover 
Court House and crossed Pamunky Eiver. On the 13th we crossed the Eichmond 
& Gordonsville railroad at Chesterfield, and after a morning s march of twelve 
miles halted at noon at Childsburg; then we marched four miles northwesterly 
and encamped. On the 14th we marched twenty miles, encamping near Daniels- 
ville, and on the 15th, after passing through Verdiersville, we crossed the Eapidan 
at Eaccoon Ford, nineteen miles. On the 16th we made eighteen miles, crossing 
the Eappahannock at Kelly s Ford, and next day marched eighteen miles to Bris- 
tow Station on the Orange & Alexandria railroad. We were now traversing his 
toric ground and were much interested in noting places whose names were so 
familiar in association with the movements of the Army of the Potomac. On 
the 18th we passed Manassas Junction, the Bull Eun battlefield, and Centre- 
ville in a march of twenty miles, and on the 19th moved our camp about six 
miles to Alexandria. Here on the 20th seventy-two more recruits joined the regi 
ment and were distributed to the companies. 

Orders were received announcing the grand final review in Washington of the 
two great representative armies, that of the Army of the Potomac on the 23d, and 



120 THE SECOND REGIMENT.. 

of Sherman s army on the 24th, of May, and a day or two was given to rest and 
preparation. Our regiment was in splendid condition and well armed and equip 
ped in every particular. We numbered about three hundred veterans of nearly 
four years service and four hundred recruits of one year or less, but these had 
been so well mingled with and instructed by the veterans that there was little 
apparent difference in appearance or efficiency. There were few, if any, other 
regiments in our corps so strong as ours; many of them numbered less than three 
hundred men. Our ten companies, under arms, averaged about thirty-two files 
front, and to condense the marching column for the review the smaller regiments 
were formed into eight or six, and some of them into four, companies of about that 
size. The Fifteenth, Seventeenth and Twentieth corps crossed Long Bridge 
during the nighfc of the 23d and bivouacked in the streets about the capitol to 
be in readiness to commence the march at the appointed hour. The morning 
of Wednesday, the 24th, was clear and sunny. Taking an early breakfast in 
our camp, our Fourteenth Corps was in motion at seven o clock, and after a 
march of eight miles stacked arms in the vicinity of the capitol at ten o clock. 
The review march had already commenced, but there were 65,000 men in the 
column, which, marching briskly, consumed six and a half hours in passing the 
reviewing stand; so our time to march out into Pennsylvania avenue did not 
come until after noon. 

Probably no more magnificent military display was ever seen than the one 
that greeted our eyes as we wheeled around the capitol and looked down the 
long, straight, broad avenue, filled from curb to curb with marching troops, the 
gay uniforms, the glistening muskets and the unfolded colors all swaying 
with the rhythm of the music as the regiments, with regular and steady step, 
moved on. At the great treasury building the column wheeled by companies to 
the right, and then presently to the left, then the arms were smartly brought to 
the "carry" for the march past the president and the high officers of the army 
and of the Government standing with him. Officers saluted respectfully as they 
passed the stand, and, when the rear company of a regiment had cleared the 
White House grounds the arms were right shouldered and the " route step" re 
sumed. No halt for rest was permitted, as the march of the column in the 
avenue must not be obstructed by the troops ahead of it; so we tramped on 
through Georgetown and across the aqueduct bridge into Virginia before we 
had an opportunity to file out of the road and stack arms and take breath. When 
we got back to our camps, at seven o clock, we were pretty thoroughly tired, 
having marched more than twenty miles. On the day after the review our corps 
left the bivouac at Alexandria, and moved about ten miles to find a fresher and 
cleaner camping ground, about three miles north of Washington. Here the offi 
cers and men were freely given opportunity to visit the city, and with pleasant 
weather and plentiful rations the time passed rapidly and without many events 
worthy of notation here. Our old commander, George H. Thomas, visited our 
camp on the 2d of June, and was enthusiastically received by our regiment and 
others that had served with him and under him in the West. On the 3d he 
reviewed our division, which had been his original command in 1861, and under 
his direction had fought and won the battle of Mill Springs. 

On the 6th of June our (Third) division (Fourteenth Army Corps) was 
reorganized, and Colonel J. W. Bishop was formally assigned to command the 
First Brigade, now consisting of the Second Minnesota, Eighteenth Kentucky, 
Thirty-first Ohio, One Hundred and First Indiana and Twenty-third Missouri 
regiments, and on the 9th he assumed command of the division, General Baird 
having taken leave of absence. On the 13th of June his commission as briga 
dier general by brevet, dated April 9, 1865, was received and was duly announced 
to the regiment. In the evening the officers and men of the regiment came to 
division headquarters en masse to present their congratulations. Some twenty - 
five years later he learned that this appointment had been recommended by his 
corps and army commanders from Savannah in January, 1865, and, the commis 
sion not having arrived, the recommendation was renewed in May. 



RICHMOND, WASHINGTON AND HOME, 121 

On the 14th orders were received to move the division by rail to Parkersburg, 
on the Ohio Eiver, and thence by steamers to Louisville, Ky., and the First 
Brigade was forwarded in the afternoon of the same day, the remainder of the 
division following next morning. The troops traveled in open coal cars, which 
at the time were the only cars to be had for them, and they would have been 
comfortable enough in fine weather, but it rained all the first night on the road, 
drenching the men, and, with the coal dust, making their beds decidedly dirty and 
uncomfortable. Division headquarters left Washington by passenger train in 
the evening of the 15th, and, passing the troops on the road, arrived at Cumber 
land in time next morning to have hot coffee supplied to all the troop trains as 
they came along, which was gratefully appreciated by the tired and hungry men. 
The division arrived at Parkersburg on the 17th, and next day, Sunday, the 18th, 
embarked on a fleet of steamers for the trip down the Ohio Eiver. We had 
a most delightful voyage, passing Cincinnati at 6 p. M. on Monday, arriving at 
Louisville Tuesday morning, the 20th, and, marching out on the Bardstown pike, 
encamped about four miles south of the city. Here the next twenty days were 
passed in awaiting the decision of the War Department as to our final discharge. 
Some of the troops were being sent to Texas and to other Southern states, and 
while we knew that the larger part of the army would soon be discharged, we 
could not know that we might not be elected to remain in the service indefinitely. 
But orders came at last for our muster-out, and on the 10th of July the rolls 
were all ready and the final inspection, muster and parade were made. Orders 
relieving all detached duty men had been received, and our camp and garrison 
equipage were turned over to the quartermaster. The corps commander issued 
his farewell orders, directing the regiment to proceed to Fort Snelling, Minn., 
for final discharge, and accompanied them with a complimentary letter, and our 
officers made a parting call on Gen. Baird, commanding our division. 

Next morning, the llth, we marched out of our camp, leaving the tents all 
standing, and a few minutes later halted at corps headquarters, where General 
J. C. Davis, the corps commander, made us a brief but feeling address, then the 
march was resumed to Louisville. There we crossed the Ohio Eiver, and at ten 
o clock left Jefferson ville, by train, for Chicago, where, when we arrived at 6 p. 
M. next day, the regiment was quartered in Soldiers Eest. Early on the 13th we 
marched through the city and took the train for La Crosse, by way of Water- 
town, Wis. Eeaching La Crosse at 2 A. M. on the 14th, we went immediately on 
board the steamer McLellan for St. Paul. At Winona, at eight o clock, a crowd 
of people were at the levee to meet us, and the captain kindly consented to hold 
the boat there long enough to permit us to go ashore for a parade march. Wi 
nona had hospitably entertained us on several occasions, and we all gratefully 
remembered it. 

The next morning, the 15th, we landed at the lower levee at St. Paul. The 
city semed to be having a general holiday and crowds of people were on the bank 
to welcome us with bands of music and salvos of artillery, and a parade of the fire 
department and other organizations. Colonel John T. Averill of the Sixth Min 
nesota Eegiment marshaled the grand procession, and under its escort we marched 
in column of platoons up Third street to Wabasha and by that street to thecapi- 
tol, where we were received by Hon. John S. Prince, then mayor of the city, and 
Hon. Stephen Miller, then governor of the state, in appropriate addresses of wel 
come. Then we were invited to a bountiful collation, which the ladies had spread 
for us in the capitol building, and which they personally served to the hungry 
soldiers with gracious words and kind attentions. All this over, our march was 
resumed to the upper levee, where we embarked for Fort Snelling. About 5 p. 
M. we were encamped on the parade ground at that historic post, where four 
years before we had been mustered into the service. Here we were obliged to 
wait several days for our final payment. Our camp was enlivened by visiting 
friends during the day, and throngs of people came out from St. Paul and Minne 
apolis in the evening to attend our dress parades. At the close of the last 
parade, Wednesday, July 19th, a brief farewell address was made to the regiment 
by the colonel. The next day, the 20th, the final payment was made, and the 



122 THE SECOND EEGIMENT. 

men received their individual discharges, and the Second Eegiment of Minne 
sota Veteran Volunteer Infantry ceased to exist. The men dispersed to their 
homes with a loyal pride in the record made by their regiment, with a warm and 
steadfast friendship for each other as comrades and with the satisfaction that 
comes only from duty well performed. 

May they find these sentiments revived and strengthened as, after twenty-five 
years have intervened, they (who yet survive) shall review in this imperfect 
record the service of the regiment. 



Date of mustering of first two companies June 26, 1861 

Date of organization #s a regiment July 22, 1861 

Date of remuster in as veterans Dec. 29,1863 

Date of final payment and discharge July 20, 1865 

Number of men mustered into regiment 1,735 

Number of men commissioned as officers 91 

Number of men wounded in action 274 

Of whom were killed or mortally wounded 74 

Number of men died of diseases , 167 

Number of men discharged for disability 277 

Number transferred or promoted out of the regiment 76 

Number reported as deserted 61 

Number of officers resigned 40 

Number of men discharged at end of three years time (or away from the regiment) 353 

Number of men present at final discharge of regiment 699 

It appears that of the whole number of men mustered into the regiment from first to last 
about sixteen per cent were wounded in battle, and more than one-fourth of these were killed or 
mortally wounded. 

Nearly ten per cent of the whole number died in the service of disease, and sixteen per cent 
were discharged for disability; four and one-half per cent were transferred or promoted out of the 
regiment, three and one-half per cent deserted the service, and two per cent (officers) resigned for 
various reasons during the four years service. Twenty per cent of the whole number were dis 
charged at the expiration of the original three years enlistment at the close of the war but away 
from the regiment, and forty per cent of the whole number were present in the regiment at its 
final muster-out. 

Of the thirty-seven commissioned officers who were in the regiment at the end of its service, 
only three were commissioned officers at the beginning; all the others (except surgeons) had been 
promoted from the ranks. 

While the regiment had various periods of encampment or post duty, it had also considerable 
exercise on foot. In 1862, 63 and 64 it marched, by the record, 5,153 miles, an average of four 
and three-fourths miles a day, including Sundays, for the whole time. No record was kept for 
1861 or 1865. It is believed, however, that the average daily marching in those years would ex 
ceed that for the years given. 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS. 



123 



ROSTER OF FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS OF SECOND REGIMENT MINNESOTA 
VETERAN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 

* See foot note. 



NAMES. 


ri 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Colonels 
H. P. Van Cleve 


51 
42 
33 

2?" 

51 
33 
27 

31 
38 


July 23, 61 
May 15, 62 
Men. 5, 65 

May 15, 62 
Apl. 4, 65 

July 23, 61 
Nov. 5, 62 
Apl. 4, 65 

July 26, 61 
June 15, 62 
May 9, 65 

Sept. 8, 62 
Men. 19, 63 

June 27, 61 
July 17, 62 
Feb. 28, 63 
Apl. 18, 65 

Aug. 12, 63 
May 25, 64 

July 31 61 
Julv 28, 63 
Aug. 6, 64 

July 24, 61 
Jan., 65 

June 26, 61 
June29, 61 

July 5, 61 
July 15, 64 
July 5, 61 
June 26, 61 

Aug., 64 
Oct. 16, 61 

Dec. 26, 63 

June 26, 61 
Jan. 25, 64 

June 27, 61 
July 20, 63 
Dec. 29, 63 


Mch.21, 62 
June 29, 64 
July 11, 65 

Aug. 26, 62 
July 11, 65 

Sept. 17, 61 
Apl. 15, 64 
July 11, 65 

May 27, 62 
Dec. 31, 64 
July 11, 65 

Feb. 23, 63 
Dec. 23, 63 

Dec. 4, 61 
Aug., 62 
Aug. 12, 63 
July 11, 65 

Nov. 11, 65 
Apl. 5, 65 

Jan. 28, 63 
July 30, 64 
July 11, 65 

Oct. 10, 63 
July 11, 65 

Nov. 15, 62 


Pro. Brig. Gen. U. S. V.; spec. men. Mill Springs; Brev. Maj. Gen. 
Lieut. Col. July 23, 61; res. on acct. sickness and exp. of term. 
Capt. Company A June 26, 61; Maj. Mch. 21, 62; Lieut. Col. 
Aug. 2G, 62; Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. V. Apl. 9, 65; spec. men. 
Major Sept. 18 61; promoted Col. 9th Reg. Minn. Volunteers. 
2d Lt. July 30, 61; 1st Lt. Jan. 1, 62; Capt. Co. I, June 20, 62; 
Major April 24, 64; special mention; dis. with regiment. 
Appointed Paymaster United States Army. 
Capt. Co. F July 8, 61; wnd. Chickamauga; res.; spec, mention. 
Serg. Co. D June 17, 61; 2d Lieut. Jan. 1, 62; 1st Lieut, May 1, 
62; Capt. Nov. 15, 62; special mention; dis. with regiment. 
Dismissed. 
Assistant Surgeon July 24, 61; resigned. 
Assistant Surgeon Sept. 6, 62; captured at Chickamauga; special 
mention; discharged with regiment. 
Resigned. 
Resigned; special mention; captured at Chickamauga. 

Promoted Captain Company C. 
2d Lt. Co.D July 5, 61; 1st Lt. and Adj.; pro.Lt.Col.10th Minn. Inf. 
Promoted Captain Company G. 
Sejrgeant Company E July 5, 61; re-enlisted; promoted Sergeant 
Major, 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant; dis. with regiment. 
Promoted Captain Company B. 
Promoted Captain Company D. 

1st Lieutenant Company I July 30, 61; resigned. 
Priv. Co. H July 5. 61; Quartermaster Serg. July 15, 61; res. 
Private June 26, 61- pro. Quartermaster Sergeant, 1st Lieut 
and Quartermaster Aug. 6, 64; 
Resigned. 
Discharged with regiment. 

i Promoted 2d Lieutenant Company C. 
Private Company C, Corporal; killed at Kenesaw Mountain 
June 23, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Reduced at own request to Private Company D. 
Private Company C Feb. 15, 64; discharged with regiment. 
Promoted 2d Lieutenant Company E. 
Promoted 2d Lieutenant Company A. 

Private Sept. 16, 61; discharged at expiration of term. 
Returned to ranks at own request. 

Private Company F July 8, 61; re-enlisted; transferred to Com 
pany A Dec. 26 63; appointed Captain and Com. Subsistence. 
Discharged on expiration of term. 
Dis. with regiment; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Promoted Assistant Surgeon Seventh Minnesota Infantry. 
Private Company G July 8, 61; transferred to N. C. S. 
Musician Co. B June 26, 61; re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; dis. with reg. 


Judson W. Bishop 
Lieutenant Colonels 
Alexander Wilkin 
Calvin S. Uliue 
Majors 
Simeon Smith 


John B.Davis 
John Moulton 
Surgeons 
Reginald Bingham 
Moody C. Tollman 
Wm Brown 


Assistant Surgeons 




Otis Ayer 




Adjutants 
Daniel D. Heaney 
Samuel P. Jennison 
Chas F. Meyer 


29 
32 
35 
32 

25 

27 

39 
29 
30 

60 


Frank Y. Hoffstatt 
James W Wood 


Geo. W. Shuman 
Quartermasters 
Wm S Grow 


S. DeWitt Parsons 


Chaplains 
Timothy Cressey 


Sergeant Majors 
Clinton S Cilley 




Peter G. Wheeler 

John D.Wilson 
Wm C Wynkoop 


27 

19" 
30 
24 

34 
27 

33 

22 
28 

3l" 




July 11, 65 
June 20, 62 
Oct. 22, 62 

Sept. 27, 64 
Oct. 16, 64 

June 3, 64 

June 25, 64 
July 11, 65 

July, 62 


Thomas G. Scott 
Edward L Kenny 


Quartermaster Sergeants 
Wilson C. Garrett 


Webster H Hoover 


Commissary Sergeants 
George A. J. Overton 

Daniel Wilson 


Samuel Bowler 
Hospital Stewards 
E. Brewer Mattocks 
Fred A.Buckingham 
Robert E. Bailey 


July 11, 65 




REGIMENTAL BAND. 


NAMES. 


W 

4 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Michael Esch 
Augustus B. Cowles 
Theodore Damon 
Henry Hanley 


25 
19 
38 
32 
32 
18 
32 
34 
30 
40 
21 
23 
24 
37 
45 
21 
44 
28 
18 
35 


Sept, 25, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Aug. 27, 61 
Aug. 23, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Aug. 31, 61 
Aug. 31, 61 
Aug. 27, 61 
Aug.31, 61 
Sept. 13 , 61 
July 8, 61 
Sept. 3, 61 
July 27, 61 
Sept. 4, 61 
Sept. 13, 61 
Aug. 31, 61 
Sept. 13, 61 
June 29, 61 
Sept. 3, 61 




Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged bv order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged bv order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 
Discharged by order Gen. Buell April 24, 62. 






FredStoltz 


Forris Z. Cowles 




Charles Ebert . . . 




Rasmus Oleson 


Robert Plumacker 
Andrew Pohl 
Edwin M.Arnold 
Frederick Dohn 
Ceo. W. Lancaster 
Hermon Memier 









Alfred Moore 




George Odell .. 




Reinhart Leidell 


Wm. H.Sherman 
Tilson Tibbetts. . . 





Peter Zenzious 








124 



THE SECOND EEGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY A. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

Judson W. Bishop 

Chas. H. Barnes 

LeviOber 

Edward L. Kenny 

First Lieutenants 

Chas. Haven 

Francis Hamilton. 

Abrain Kalder 

Second Lieutenant 

Archibald McCorkle 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Allen, Chas. B 

Andrews, Warren P 

Andrews, Chester 

Ayers, John 

Barrett, Leonard 

Baker, Giles A 

Barton, Ogden... 

Bateman, John C 



Barnes, Charles P 



Bailey, Hiram S 

Balsinger, Andrew J 

Bateman, Kobert 

Barnes, Samuel R 

Bennett, Wm A 

Bolin, Alexander H 

Boss.Wm. H 

Brown, Henry C 

Binder, Aaron M 

Brainard, Justus B 

Bush, Henry B 

Burk, Curtis E 

Bungamer, David J 

Butler, John C 

Case, Norman E 

Case, Herman G 

Callison, John L 

Carmegil, Alexander 

Cady, Anthony W 

Case, AdelbertC 

Childs, Simon 

Christie, Alexander 

Clark, Hiram W 

Colburn. John E 

Corliss, Ebenezer E 

Corliss, Chas. N 

Corliss, Wm. M 

Cox, Samuel 

Compton, Robert 

Coffin, Ammiel F 

Cravath, Austin 

Cutting, Hiram B 

Calvert.SamuelD 

Dalton, Thomas E 

Denny, Baruch 

Dobbin, Thomas L 

Duncan, Wm. R 

Edwards, Geo. W 

Edwards, Chas. A 

Edwards, Daniel B 

Embery, Newton , 

Everts, Edmund A 

Farrington, John W 

Farrington, Benjamin , 

Farrell, Samuel N 

Fetterman, John 

Fay, Milton C , 

Farrell, Daniel J 

Farrell, George G 

Fewster, Charles.... 



Frederick, Gustus 



Fitch, Thomas. 

Foster, Samuel ...!.. 

Foot, Simeon 

Foster, Alonzo 

Frazier, Nelson C 

Friend, Geo. B 

Frazier, Edwin 

Garrett, Wilson C 

Gates, Geo. L 

Gale, Henry 

Gerety, Hugh 

Gollings, Ellick H 

Guy, Henry w 

Harding, Henry H I 20 



24 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



June 26, 61 
Mch.21, 62 
Nov. 22, 63 

Sept. 14, 64 

June 26, 61 
Mch.21, 62 
Sept. 14, 61 

Nov. 12, 64 

Feb. 29, 64 
Nov. 18, 62 
Feb. 29, 64 
May 31, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 04 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Sept, 28, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Mch. 21, 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
May 31, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Oct. 18, 64 
Jan. 20, 65 
Sept. 28, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
June 26, 61 
Mch. 5, 62 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
Sept. 28, 65 
Feb. 3, 65 
Dec. 26, 61 
Dec. 26, 61 
Feb. 29, 65 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 
June26, 61 
Nov. 18, 62 
June 26 61 
June26, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 
June 26, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
June 1, 64 
Sept. 16, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
June 26, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



REMARKS. 



Mch. 21, 63 
Aug. 13, 62 
July, 64 

July 11, 65 



Oct. 21, 62 
July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 

June 24, 65 
July, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July i i/65 
Juiy"li , 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 

Julyli" ; 65 
July 11, 65 



Promoted Major; special mention. 

2d Lieut. June 26, 61; 1st Lieut. March 4, 62; resigned. 

Serg. June 26, 61; 2d Lieut. March 21, 62; 1st Lieut. Oct. 22, 62; 

resigned; wounded at Missionary Ridge. 
Corporal June 26, 61; Sergeant Major, 2d Lieutenant Oct. 22, 

62; 1st Lieutenant Dec. 25, 63; special mention. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., March 4, 62. 
1st Serg. June 26, 61; 2d Lieut. March 4, 62; resigned. 
Corp. June 26, 61; Serg.; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63; 2<1 Lieut. May 

1, 64; discharged with regiment; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Private Dec. 26, 61; Corporal, Sergeant; special mention. 

Per order. 

Discharged from hospital. 

Discharged with regiment. 

Died at Marietta, Ga., Sept. 28, 64. 

Discharged for disability. 

Promoted Corporal July 18, 64. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps March 15, 65. 

Sergeant; discharged to accept promotion Oct. 31, 62. 

Corp.; wnd. at Missionary Ridge; dis. June 25; term expired. 

Discharged June 25, 64; term expired. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Corp.; promoted Serg. ; discharged June 25, 64; term expired. 

Corporal; died at Somerset, Ky., Feb. 1, 62. 

Died at Saratoga, Minn., April 1, 64. 

Discharged for disability 

App. Corp. Nov. 13, 62; disch. June 25, 64; expiration of term. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., March 3, 62. 

Substitute for Wm. Chalmers. 

Promoted Corporal Aug. 6, 64. 

Wnd. at Kenesaw Mt. June 14, 64; disch. by order July 8, 65. 

Promoted Corp. July 22, 62; killed at Chickamauga. 
Promoted Corporal and Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 
Discharged from hospital Sept. 4, 65. 



Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 
Dis. on expiration of term, June 25, 64; wnd. at Kenesaw Mt. 
Dis. on expiration of term, June 25, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 28, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of service, June 25, 64. 
Promoted Corporal and Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63. 



Corporal; promoted Sergeant; disch. for disability July 22, 63. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 
Discharged for disability Nov. 1, 62. 
Musician; discharged for disability Feb. 22, 62. 
Discharged for disability May 21, 62. 

Discharged for disability March 18, 62. 

Discharged Feb. 22, 65; wounds received at Chickamauga. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 22, 62. 

Promoted Sergeant, Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63. 

Died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 9, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., April 11, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 27, 64. 

Sergeant; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Nov. 17, 64. 

Pro. Corp.; dis. at exp. term, June 25, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Discharged at expiration of term, June 25, 64. 

Promoted Corporal and Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63. 
Discharged for disability January, 63. 

Drafted; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 14, 64. 
Promoted Quartermaster Sergeant; re.-enlisted Dec. 25, 63. 
Promoted Corporal July 18, 64. 

Promoted Corporal; discharged by order June 11, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 
Discharged by order June 11, 65. 
Discharged for disability, in 62. 



COMPANY A. 

ROSTER OF COMPANY A Continued. 



125 



NAMES. 


o 
< 


M0STKRED 

IN 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS, 




28 


May B 64 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 




18 


Feb 9 64 


July 11, 65 




Hewett Geo W 


21 


June26 61 




Deserted Dec. 14, 63. 


Hillman, Wm. J 


17 
19 


Apl. 3, 65 
June26 61 





Substitute; discharged per order July 7, 65. 
Transferred to Co. I 4th U S Artillery Nov 25 62 


Hoffman Win 


29 


June 26 61 




Corporal; promoted 1st Sergeant; discharged June 25 64 


Holland Henry P 


24 


June 26* 61 




Discharged for disability Aug 9 62 




20 


Feb 29 64 


July 11 65 




Harris Manly S 


22 


Sept 28 61 




Discharged on exp of term, Sept. 27 64 wnd at Chickamauga 




18 


June 26 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 




24 


Sept 5 64 




Discharged per order June 11 65. 


Kenny, John L 
Kellam Justin E 


26 
9-7 


Dec. 26, 64 
Feb 29 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Promoted Q. M. Sergeant, 1st Lieutenant and Quartermaster. 


Kinyon, Ethelbert 
Knox, Charles V 


33 
23 
29 


Feb. 29, 64 
Jan. 30, 65 
Feb 29 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Died at Savannah, Ga., June 12, 65. 


L.aughlin, Peter 
Lark Win H 


18 
18 


Dec. 26, 61 
Feb 29 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 


Levy, Samuel 
Lovejoy, Levi 
Lynch, Cadwalader J. 
Luark, John 


28 
30 
37 
38 


Sept. 5, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Dec. 26 61 


"juVy"li" ; 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Discharged per order June 11, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 


Marsh, Zebediah W 


24 
9r > 


Dec. 26, 61 
Dec 26 61 




Corp.; promoted Serg.; discharged for disability June 1, 62. 
Dis. on exp. of term, June 25, 64; wnd. at Missionary Ridge. 


Marsh, Hosea J 
Marsh Nathan 


18 
44 


Sept. 30, 61 
Sept 28 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, Aug. 1, 63. 


Mayo, Asaph 
McElderv Jonathan 


38 
22 


June 1, 64 
Sept 28 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Re enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 


McNeeley, Augustus 
Me Adams, James . 


19 
94 


Dec. 26, 61 
Dec. 26 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ? 63; appointed Corporal and Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 


Meade Daniel W . 


R*> 


Dec 26 61 


July 11 65 


Discharged on expiration of term. 


Mitchell Wm 


18 


Feb 29 64 


July 11 65 




Morse, David N 


35 


Dec 26 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; wounded at Chickamauga. 


Moon, Samuel B 


28 


Nov. 18, 62 


July 11, 65 


Re enlisted Nov. 17, 64. 


Nelson, Charles J 
Nilson, Baron 
Owen, Appoles 


18 
17 
?3 


Apl. 1, 65 
Mch. 22, 65 
Oct. 27, 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Substitute. 
Substitute. 
Substitute. 


I*assmore, Michael 


30 


Feb. 29 64 




Died at Louisville, Kv., March 16, 64. 


Page, Harvey 


94 


May 31, 64 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 


Phillips, Charles H 


19 


Sept 28 61 




Transferred to Gen. Elliot s Marine Brigade. 


Pinneo Cyrus 


3* 


Feb 29 64 


July 11, 65 






?fi 


Sept 5 64 




Discharged per order June 11, 65. 


Pitcher, Spencer J 


?5 


June26 61 




Discharged for disability Sept. 15, 62. 


Pineo Geo. M 


19 


June 26 61 




Died at Lebanon, Ky., March 16, 62. 


Place, Lorenzo J. D. . 


?3 


June 26, 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 


Plonteaux Wm R 


>o 


May 31 64 




Died at Davids Island, N. Y. Harbor, March 8, 65; drafted. 


Quigley, Charles C 


18 


Sept. 28, 61 




Died at Columbia, Tenn., May 2, 62. 


Renslow, Wm. H 


?1 


Feb. 29 64 


July 11, 65 




Kice Richard 


93 


Sept 28 61 




Discharged on expiration of term; wnd. at Missionary Ridge. 


Richards, William F 


?4 


Sept. 28, 61 




Discharged for disability January, 63. 


Ripley Joseph M 


?1 


Sept 28 61 


July 11 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 


Rose, Dennis 


?1 


June 26, 61 




Died at Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn., April 24, 62. 


Rose, Jacob .... 


18 


June 26, 61 




Died at Somerset, Ky., March 12, 62. 


Rockwell, Geo. W 


20 


June 26, 61 




Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 


Rouse, Charles B.. 


31 


June 26, 61 




Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64; wounded at 


Rockwell, Wm. E 


18 


Feb. 29, 64 


July 11, 65 


Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge. 


Rogers, Wesley 


SI 


June 4 64 


July 11 65 


Substitute. 


Russell, Fred H 


19 


June 26, 65 




Wud. battle Chickamauga; dis. on expiration term, June 25, 64. 


Runals, Major D. E 
Sackett, William 


18 
>*> 


June 26, 61 
June 26 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Jan. 13, 64; wounded at Chickamauga; Musician; 
special mention. 
Wounded at Chickamauga; discharged for disability June 6, 62. 


Sawyer, John W 
Sanderson, Timothy E 
Sail Andrew 


21 
21 
42 


June 26, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept 5 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 1 1 65 


Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63. 
Re enlisted July 11 63 


Seaman, Fletcher I 
Scott Newton. 


21 
21 


Oct.*28 64 
June 26 61 


July 11, 65 


Died at Nashville Tenn March 9 62 


Shipton, John H 


21 


June 26* 61 




Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 


Shiptoa, Wm. R 


19 


June 26 61 




Discharged for disability Nov 4 62 


Shipton. Geo. R 


35 


June 26 61 




Transf. to Regimental Band Dec. 1 , 61; dis. on expiration of term. 


Sheffield, Philander 


37 


Sept 5 64 




Discharged per order June 11 65 


Smith Lewis. 


32 


June 26 61 






Smalley, Robert 


28 


June 26 61 




Discharged June25 64* expiration of term; wnd. Chickamauga. 


Smallev, Henry 


23 


June 26 61 




Discharged for disability Nov 23 63 


Spauld ing, Geo. S 


18 


June 26, 61 




Discharged for disability May 18, 62. 


Stewart, James F 


?,3 


June 26, 61 




Corporal; transferred to 4th U. S. Artillery Dec. 22, 62. 


Stevens Amos . 


25 


Feb 29 64 


July 11 65 




Stead well, Eleazer 
Stewart, Alfred J 
Stewart John W 


13 
21 
19 


Oct. 19/64 
Sept, 28, 61 
Sept 28 61 


July ll| 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec 26 63 special mention 


Tatro, Benjamin D 
Turney, John 


18 
24 


Feb. 29J 64 
Mch 8 65 


July ll , 65 
July 11 65 


Drafted 


Tve, John A 


97 


Feb. 29 64 




Died at Marietta Ga Aug. 26, 64. 


Van Vleet, Frank A 
"Ward, John G.. 


18 
24 


Feb. 29, 64 
Mch 9 65 


July 11, 65 
July 11 65 


Drafted 


Warr, Joseph W ....: 


9^ 


June 26* 61 




Re-enlisted Dec 28 63- died at Chicago, 111., Feb. 1, 64. 


Wahl, Joseph 


26 


June 26 61 




Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Sept. 26. 63. 



126 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY A Continued. 



NAMES. 


H 
O 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


West, Frank A 


18 


June 26 61 




Transferred to Signal Corps Oct. 22, 63. 


Wheeler Andrew J 


25 


June 9 6 61 




Discharged for disability Aug 11 6^ 


Wellman, Simon A 


?0 


June26 61 




Discharged June 25, 64; expiration of term; re-enlisted Sep 


Wheeler. Win. C 
Withers Walter 


19 
35 


Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11 65 


tember, 64; discharged June 13, 65. 


Wilson, Noble E 
Wilson Daniel C 


17 

99 


Mch.22, 65 
June 26 61 


July 11, 65 


Substitute. 
Discharged June 25, 64; expiration of term; pro. Com. Serg. 




19 


June 26 61 




Discharged June 25 64; expiration of term; promoted Cor 


Work Ozias M 


*% 


June 26 61 




poral and Sergeant; special mention. 
Died of wounds at Chickamauga Oct. 24, 63. 


Young, Fred 
Young, Peter. 


38 
35 


Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11 65 















ROSTER OF COMPANY B. 



NAMES. 


H 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
William Markham 


35 
40 

25 
29 


June 26, 61 
Nov. 21, 62 

Nov. 11, 64 

June 26, 61 
Nov. 19, 62 
Aug. 20, 64 

Dec. 1, 61 

Nov. 19, 62 
Apl. 9, 65 

Mch. 8, 65 
May 18, 64 
Nov. 16, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Aug. 26, 64 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Oct. 7, 64 
July 26, 64 
Aug. 26, 62 
June 26, 61 
Feb. 14, 62 
Feb. 5, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 

June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 6) 
Sept. 30, 61 
June 26, 61 
Sept. 30 61 
Mch. 5, 62 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Mch. 8 65 
Nov. 14, 65 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
June26, 61 


July 19, 62 
June 20, 64 

July 11, 65 

June 27, 61 
Sept, 12, 64 
July 11, 65 


Resigned; wounded at Mill Springs 
2d Lieutenant June 26, 61; 1st Lieutenant Dec. 1, 61; seriously 
wounded at Chickamauga; special mention; resigned. 
Private Co. I Aug. 12, 61; 2d Lieut. June 20, 62; 1st Lieut, and 
Adjt. July 19, 63; special mention; discharged with regiment. 
Appointed Adjutant. 
Serg. June 26, 61; 2d Lieut. April 3, 62; 1st Lieut.; resigned. 
Sergeant June 26, 61; discharged with regiment- 
Private, Sergeant, June 26, " 61; resigned March 31, 62. 
Sergeant June 26, 61; killed near Kenesaw Mt. June 15, 64. 
Corp., Serg.; discharged with regiment; wnd. at Chickamauga, 

Discharged with regiment. 
Discharged with regiment; drafted. 
Discharged with regiment. 
Died at Lebanon, Ky., January, 62. 
Discharged 64; captured at Chickamauga. 
Dis. June 25, 64; expiration of term; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Discharged June 25, 64; expiration of term. 
Corp.; dis. June 25, 64; expiration of term; wnd. at Chickamauga, 
Discharged for disability Aug. 8, 63. 
Discharged per order May 26, 65. 
Transferred to Co. I, 4th United States Artillery, Dec. 3, 62. 
Corporal; discharged for disability June 4, 62. 
Died in Iowa. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63. 
Discharged for disability Dec. 29, 62. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; pro. to Serg.; wnd. at Mill Springs. 
Discharged for disability April 19, 65. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 
Corporal, promoted Sergeant; discharged on expiration of 
term, June 25, 64; wounded at Mill Springs. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 
Discharged June 25, 64; term expired, 
Dis. Sept, 29, 64; expiration of term; wounded at Chickamaugac 
Died Jan. 20, 62j wounded at Mill Springs. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 
Wagoner- discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 
Killed,at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
Drafted. 
Substitute. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., April 9, 62. 
Promoted Corp. Jan. 18, 62; died at Lebanon, Ky., March 21, 62, 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; promoted Corp.; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 26, 64. 
Died of wounds received at Mill Springs Jan. 20, 62. 
Transferred to Co. I, 4th United States Artillery, Dec. 22, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63: promoted Corporal. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; promoted Sergeant, 
Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; wounded at Mill Springs. 

Wounded at Chickamauga; discharged July 30, 64. . 
Died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 19, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26. 63. 


Abram Harkins 


James W. Wood.. 


First Lieutenants 
Daniel Heaney 

William W Wilson . 


John L. Gaskill 


24 

25 
31 


Second Lieutenants 
Wm.S. Baxter 
John C Jones 




Francis Kelsey 


July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


ENLISTED MEN. 

Allen, Lewellyn 




Amoss, Daniel 




Andrews, Burton S 
Kash John B 


37 
22 
18 
19 
18 
23 
27 
26 
19 
32 
18 
38 
23 
35 
35 
23 
23 
22 
18 
21 
22 
33 

19 
20 
30 
20 
21 
28 
23 
30 
18 


Baker Geo A 




Bailey, Manning 




Barncard Jacob .... 




Bash David 




Besondy Charles 




Bennett, Edward 
Bixler, George 






Black, William 




Brown, Wm. H.... 




Brooks, Orrin B 


July 11, 65 


Braine, George 
Bradley James 


July 11, 65 


Burns, Patrick 
Carroll, Peter 


July 11, 65 


Calvert, Samuel D 


Chambers, Justus B 
Chaska, George 
Childs, Stephen R 


July 11, 65 


July 11, 65 


Clason Isaac 


Cooper, Ezra D 




Cooley, Henry J 
Cooper, John B 
Corning Smith P. 


July 11, 65 




Comstock, Ellis A 
Crumb Milo 






Crumb Samuel 




Crabb, Flavius J 




Cummings, Geo. W 
Cutting, Curtis L 




Daily, Joseph 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


De Loney, Xavier 
Delany, William 


19 
21 
22 
21 
19 
32 
21 

24" 
26 


Dewry, Stephen 




Deiter, Martin V 


July 11, 65 


Dodge, James N 


Driezke, Andrew 
Eastman, Dewitt 




July Ti, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Ellison, Joseph 


Elliott, James.. 
Etzell,John 


Farmer, Calvin E 
Farrier, Greenville 
Fetterman, Daniel 
Finch. David G 


20 
45 
18 
29 


Feb. 5, 64 
Aug. 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26 . 61 




Julv 11. 65 



COMPANY B. 

ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



127 



NAMES. 



Fox, John 

Ford, James 

Furman, Samuel 

Furman, Jediah 

Goodhawk, James 

Golding, Wm. E 

Goffer, William 

Goure, Peter F 

Griswold, Daniel B 

Graban, Christian 

Hadley, Lafayette 



Hanaman, Anthony C. B.. 

Hamilton, James 

Heald, Jacob 

Hoag, Reuben 

Holliday, John 

Humason, John W 

Jones, Orrin 

Jones, James B 

Katilg. Franklin 

Kevaulke, August 

Kelsey, Henry 

Kitchell, Prince Albert.... 

Kitchell, Wm. B 

Kitchell, Joshua C 

Kinney, John L 

Kiefe, Joseph 

Kline, John 

Kratzer, Walter L 

Kuler, Osias D 

L.agrange, Charles P 

Lange, Charles J 

Larson, Sievert 

Lange, Frederick W 

Lane,Chas.W 

Lefever.Wm. H 

Liebness, Henry 

Lieck, Gotlieb 

Lowell, John 

Lynn, William 

Lymann, William S 

Markham, Daniel 

Magill, John 

McBeth, Robert 

McStotts, William 

McNeill, Abram H 

McNeil, Wallace P 

McKenzie, Robert 

Middleton, Joseph A 

Miller, James O 

Miller, Nicholas 

Miller, Samuel A 

Morrow, Wm 

Newton, Marion J 

Otto, Wm 

Oleson, Peter 

Palmer, Wm. H 

Parker, Charles A 

Palmer, Ambrose H 

Parks, Lazarus 

Peckham, Mortimer L 

Peck, Henry 

Pitcher, Asahel 

Preston, Willett C 

Quinn, Win 

Rash, PeterO 

Reynolds, Hycanus C 

Rourke, James 

Roeheck, Joseph 

Rutledge, Aaron 

Russell, Thomas J 

Ryan, Michael 

Sage, Harvey S 

Sage, Hadvey E 

Sherman, Albert C 

Shambold, John 

Sheutor, Henry W 

Shock waular Bernard 

Shehan David 

Shawl, Lemuel 

Smith, Wm. C 

Smith, Martin 

Smith, John A \\ 

Smith, Hezekiah 

Smith, John W.... 
Stebbins, Wm. A . .. 



MUSTEKED 
IN. 



Dec. 2, 64 

May 26, 64 
June26"61 
June 26, 61 
Feb. 14, 65 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 25, 64 
Feb. 23, 65 
Feb. 2, 64 
May 31, 64 
June26, 61 

June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Sept. 29, 61 
May 26, 64 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Feb. 16, 64 
Feb. 14, 65 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26 61 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
Sept. 22, 64 
Sept. 21, 64 
June 26. 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Nov. 26, 64 
Sept. 30 61 
Dec. 1, 
Feb. 25, 62 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
Feb. 17, 64 
Sept. 27, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
May 26, 64 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 14, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July lij" 65 



July 11, 6i 

"July li , 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



June 26, 61 
Feb. 19, 64 
June26, 62 
Feb. 6 65 
Feb. 1, 64 
Feb. 1, 64 
Nov. 20, 61 
June 26, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Nov. 1 , 64 
Mch. 6, 62 
Feb. 5, 64 
June 26, 61 
Sept. 27, 64 
Nov. 18, 64 
June26, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Apl. 11 65 
June26, 61 
June26, 61 
Sept. 8, 62 
June26, 61 
Nov. 23, 64 
Oct. 5, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 26, 64 
Nov. 2, 64 
Jan. 18, 65 
June26, 61 
Oct. 5, 64 
June 26 , 61 
Feb. 20, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 26 61 
Aug. 26, 62 
Sept. 26, 64 
Sept. 20, 64 
Sept. 30, 64 
June26, 61 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
Mch. 3 , 62 
Feb. 5, 64 
June 26, 61 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 6c 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11 , 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 

Captured at Chickamauga; discharged 64. 

Substitute. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 



Drafted. 

Corporal; promoted Sergeant; discharged on expiration of term, 

June 25, 64; special mention. 
Discharged for disability Oct. 9, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 62; trans, to 1st Engineers Aug. 22, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 30, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63. 

Discharged from hospital Aug. 19, 65; drafted. 

Substitute. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 26, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability May 27, 62. 

Discharged on exp. of term, June 26, 64; wud. at Chickamauga. 

Killed in Chickamauga battle Sept. 20, 63. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Discharged for disability May 19, 62. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 18, 63. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; promoted Corp.; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Substitute. 

Died at Corinth, Miss., July 10, 62. 

Discharged on exp. of term, June 25, 64; wud. at Chickamauga. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 30, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Discharged per order June 30, 65. 

Discharged from hospital July 26, 65. 

Wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Sergeant; discharged for disability May 19, 62. 

Died at Somerset, Ky., March 5, 62. 

Drafted; discharged per order July 25, 65. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 24, 65. 

Discharged for disability March 2, 65. 

Discharged for disability March 28, 63. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., March 20, 62. 

Prisoner of war on muster out of regiment; discharged. 

Discharged for promotion in 1st Kentucky Battery. 

Deserted from Louisville, Ky., Nov. 17, 62. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Drafted. 

Musician; re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; deserted March 16, 64. 

Killed in battle at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Discharged per order June oO, 65; drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability Sept. 26, 62. 

Discharged per order June 1 1 , 65. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 2, 63. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Discharged for disability April 1, 62. 

Discharged for disability Nov. 1, 61. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability May 27, 62. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 25, 64. 

Died at Concord Church, Tenn., March 5, 63. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Transferred to Signal Corps Oct. 22, 63. 

Discharged for disability June 15, 62; wounded at Mill Springs. 

Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted 21, 63. 

Discharged Nov. 2, 64. 

Dis. on expiration of term, March 2, 65; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Corporal; pro. Sergeant; discharged for disability July 21, 63. 



128 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



NAMES. 


ri 

o 
4 


MUSTERED 
IK. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Stewart, Hiram A 
Stullenbergen, Elias 
Stewart, George W 


18 
26 
21 
42 
18 
29 
27 
26 
18 
23 
22 
,24 
34 
43 
20 

35 
25 
30 
20 
22 
29 
18 
30 
19 
18 
27 
18 
20 
20 
19 
20 


June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Nov. 18, 64 
June 26, 61 
Aug. 26, 62 
June 26, 61 
June26, 61 
Feb. 3, 65 
June 26, 61 
Sept. 3, 61 
Nov. 23, 64 
July 30, 61 
Nov. 25, 64 
June 26, 61 

June 26, 61 
Aug. 26, 62 
Aug. 26, 62 
Feb. 15, 64 
Feb. 16, 64 
June 26, 61 
Jan. 28, 65 
June26, 61 
Feb. 16, 64 
Jan. 20, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 
June 26, 65 
June 26, 65 
Oct. 5, 61 
Feb. 15, 62 
Sept. 30, 61 




Captured near Chickamauga; died while prisoner. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Discharged from hospital July 11, 65. 
Died at Lebanon, Kv., Feb. 20, 62, 
Died at Louisville, Kv.; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Killed at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, 63. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
Substitute. 
Corporal; re-enlisted December 28: promoted Sergeant. 
Discharged for disability April 19! 62. 
Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 2fi, 63. 
Discharged per order July 5, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant; 
wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Discharged for disability May 22, 62; wounded at Mill Springs. 
Discharged for disability Jan. 15, 63. 
Discharged for disability Dec. 30, 62. 

Promoted Sergeant from Corporal; killed at Missionary Ridge. 
Drafted. 
Discharged for disability May 22, 62; wounded at Mill Springs. 
Wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Substitute. 

Captured near Chickamauga; died while prisoner. 
Discharged for disability. 
Died at Somerset, Ky., Jan. 31, 62. 
Promoted Sergeant Major. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Summers, Christopher A.. 
Swan William . . 




Talbot Benjamin P 




Taylor Samuel 




Terry, George 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Thompson, Wm. R 
Toogood, Dwight G 
Utley, James 
Van Dyke Henry 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Van Blarican, Wm 
Waldron, Francis M 

Walden, Ira G 
Wagner Jacob 


July 11, 65 




Watson, Charles 


"July 11/65 
July 11, 65 


Westcott, Chester R 
Wellington, Arthur 
Westerman, John 
Weaver Josiah. 


July 11, 65 


White, Cornelius 
Whiting, James S.... 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Whitehouse, George 
Williams, Henry 


Wood, Ashley W 
Woodruff Geo. E 


Woolridge, John B 
Wynkoop, William 




July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Zirn Louis 





ROSTER OF COMPANY C. 



NAMES. 


a 
fl 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Peter Mantor 
Daniel Heaney 

Clinton A. Cilley 

Mathias Thoeny 
First Lieutenants 
Henry C. Simpson 
Daniel B. Bailey 
Harrison R. Couse 
William I. Mills 
Second Lieutenants 
Jules Capon 


42 
29 

24 
27 

31 

20 
20 

27 

31 
27 

36 
35 
22 
18 
21 
18 

18 
21 
23 
30 
44 
25 
29 
33 
37 
39 
33 
19 
25 
29 
21 
21 
23 
32 
43 


July 23, 61 
Dec. 4, 61 

Nov. 15, 62 
Aug. 23, 64 

June 29, 61 
Dec. 4, 61 
Nov. 15, 62 
Nov. 10, 64 

Apl. 16, 62 
Apl. 1, 65 

Nov. 22, 64 
June 29, 61 
May 30, 64 
Oct. 26, 61 
Men. 24, 65 
June29, 61 

June 29, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
June 29, 61 
Feb. 28, 64 
Nov. 18, 64 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Apl. 3, 65 
May 28, 64 
Feb. 23, 65 
May 27, 64 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Nov. 21, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
June 29, 61 


Dec. 4, 61 


Resigned. 
1st Lieutenant Company B June 26, 61; Adjutant June 27, 61; 
appointed Staff Officer July 10, 62. 
Sergeant Major June 26, 61; 2d Lieutenant Dec. 4, 61; 1st Lieu 
tenant April 16, 62; resigned Sept. 12, 64; special mention. 
Corporal, Sergeant, June 29, 61; 2d Lieutenant Nov. 15, 62; 
wounded at Chickamauga; spec, mention; dis. with regiment. 
Died at Lebanon Junction Dec. 1, 61. 
2d Lieutenant June 29, 61; resigned April 16, 62. 
Sergeant June 29, 61; resigned Nov. 9, 64; special mention. 
Corp. June 29, 61; Serg.; wnd. at Chickamauga; dis. with reg. 

1st Sergeant June 29, 61; resigned July 18, 62. 
Private June 29, 61; Corporal, Sergeant; dis. with regiment. 

Drafted; discharged with regiment. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Nov. 1, 63. 
Wounded at Jonesboro, La.; pro. Corporal; dis. with regiment. 
Wounded at Chickamauga; discharged Oct. 27, 63. 
Substitute. 
Wounded at Chickamauga; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63; promoted 
Corporal and Sergeant. . 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 24, 64. 
Discharged for disability. 
Wagoner; discharged on expiration of term, July 6, 64. 

Discharged per order July 1, 65; drafted. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 24, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Drafted. 

Wounded at Missionary Ridge; re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 25, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; promoted Musician. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., Nov. 24 61. 
Sergeant; discharged for disability May 13, 62. 




July 11, 65 




"Julyil7 65 


Jonathan P.Jackson 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abraham, John 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Adams, George M 
Alden Chas L 


July i i, 65 


Allen, Hiram W 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Ames Geo. H. . 


Bayliss, Hezekiah M 
Bayliss, Frank D 
Bacon, Wm. A 


Beaman, Henry 


July 11, 65 


Begordes Wm H 


Beaudette, Joseph 
Bingham,Wm 




July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Bickford, Marquis L 
Black, Daniel 
Bleius, Jeremiah 


Booth, Thomas 
Bornhouse, Riley 
Bonsor, Uriah 


Brown, John J 




Bredford, Isaac W 
Brunner Rudolph 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Breoggeman, Henry 
Brown, Alexander 


Burnell, Samuel.... 





COMPANY C. 
EOSTEE OF COMPANY C Continued. 



129 



NAMES. 


a 
< 

18 
24 
34 
37 
24 
28 
20 
19 
18 
28 
22 
19 
34 
32 
40 
20 
32 
35 
17 
29 
37 
35 
25 
30 
41 
28 
21 
21 
27 
22 
36 
31 
33 
38 
40 
27 
22 
27 
18 

38 
19 
37 
22 
42 
36 
37 
21 
19 
18 
34 
22 
22 
19 
24 
30 
17 
19 

42 
18 
23 
21 
24 
23 

31 
18 
30 
20 
33 
29 
25 
29 
25 
22 
32 

29 
22 
30 
37 
19 
31 
44 
18 
?1 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Burdict, Charles E 


June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Nov. 22, 64 
Nov. 17, 64 
Aug.-21, 62 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Nov. 29, 64 
Oct. 26, 61 
May 26, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Sept. 20, 64 
Feb. 17, 65 
Mav 31, 64 
Mch. 27, 64 
Feb. 19, 65 
May 81, 64 
Nov. 18, 6-1 
Feb. 21, 65 
June29, 61 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
Nov. 1 , 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
Jan. 4, 64 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Nov. 18, 64 
Apl. 10, 65 
June 2 , 64 
May 30, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
June21, 61 
June29, 61 
Nov. 19, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
Mch. 1, 64 
June 29, 61 
Feb. 23, 65 
Nov. 22, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
June 29, 51 
Nov. 1, 64 
June29, 61 
June29, 61 
June29, 61 
Apl. 3, 65 
Nov. 1, 64 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 65 
May 26, 64 
Feb. 10, 65 
June29, 61 

Oct. 23, 64 
Mch. 8, 61 
June29, 61 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 

June 29, 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
June 29, 61 
Sept. 27, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 12 , 61 
May 26, 64 
May 30, 64 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 

June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Sept. 20, 64 
May 30, 64 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
Feb. 21, 65 
May 28, 64 
Julv 6 64! 




Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64; pro. Corporal. 
Drafted. 
Discharged per order July 11, 65; drafted. 
Re-enlisted Aug. 21, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Deserted while engaged with enemy atSpringfield,Ky.,Oct.6, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 14, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Died at Lebanon, Ky., Jan. 8, 62. 
Discharged from hospital July 20, 65; substitute. 
Dis. on exp.of term; pro.Corp. and Serg.; wud. Chickamauga. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Discharged per order June 16, 65; drafted. 

Promoted Corporal; drafted. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 1, 65, 

Drafted; promoted Corporal. 
Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Killed in battle of Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, 63. 
Discharged for disability July 30, 63. 
Dis.exp. term,June 28/64: pro.Corp. and Serg.; wd.Chickamauga. 
Drafted. 
Discharged for disability Oct. 2, 62. 
Promoted Corporal. 
Discharged on exp. of term, June 28, 64; pro. Corp and Serg. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Drafted. 
Substitute. 
Drafted. 
Drafted; discharged from hospital Aug. 10, 65. 
Drafted. 
Discharged on exp. of term, June 28, 64; wnd. Chickamauga. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 27, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Substitute. 
Deserted Oct. 16, 62. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63; special mention. 
Discharged per order June, 65. 
Drafted. 
Discharged on exp.of term; pro. Corp; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Corporal; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 27, 63. 
Discharged from hospital Aug. 2, 65; drafted. 
Died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 6, 62. 
Died at Somerset, Kv., Feb. 21, 62. 
Transferred to Co. 1, 4th United States Artillery, Dec. 22, 62. 
Discharged from hospital July 27, 65; drafted. 
Drafted. 
Wounded at Chickamauga; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; pro. Corp. 
Musician; promoted Corporal and Sergeant; special mention. 
Corporal; deserted at Louisville, Ky., Sept. 3, 62. 
Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; shot himself in hand; wounded at 
Jonesboro, Ga. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Deserted at Louisville, Ky., Sept. 30, 62. 
Died near Corinth, Miss., June 9, 62. 


Burkhardt, John F 
Burbank, John L 
Buri, Benedict 




July 11, 65 


Burdict JasonE 


July i i, 65 


Caney, John 


Cartwright, John 
Cassed^ William M 
Castle, Freeman D 




July 11, 65 


Chase, Nathan S 
Castertou, James 




Casseday, John J 


July 11/65 
July 11, 65 

"July i i j 65 
July 11, 65 


Carrier William . . 


Champaux, David 
Chamberlain Samuel 
Clifford, Geo. C 


Cocker, James 


Cranwill, Thomas 


Dayton, George 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Danielson, Andrew 
Davidson, Joseph 


Delaney, Daniel 


Pearniin, Robert A 
De Grave, Rincis 
Deregon, Cesar 
Devereaux, Marquis L 
Diedrick, Frederick 
Dike, Charles C 




July i i j" 65 


Dresbach, Michael R 


July 11, 65 


Doig, Alexander 


Doty, Aaron... . 


"Juiy lV65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Dunberg, Geo. H 
Eagin. Michael ... . 


Ellis, John G 


Emuierson, Raymond 
Ferguson, Samuel 


July 11, 65 


Fern, John 


Garrison, Edmond 
Gatz, Ferdinand 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Gautier, Charles 


Gassell, Martin C 
Gere, James B 


July 11, 65 


Gilbert, James M 


July i i , 65 


Goebel, Frederick 


Greenwald, Peter. 


Grable, Daniel 


Grover, Stephen.. 




Guild, Ferdinand E 
Harding, Henrv 






Heath, Oscar 




Herring, Edwin E 
Howard, John.. 




Julv 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

"July i i , 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Hochstetter, Amos 
Hutchins, Robert S 


Hayland, Frank J 
Jacob, Valentine 
Jones, Edward 
Johnson, Wm. J 


Kane, Michael. 


Kern, Joseph 


Kent, James 


Kirkpatrick, Chauncy.... 
Kimball, Headly B.... 
Kline, Samuel S 




Corp.; prom. Serg. May 16, 62; dis. for disability Aug. 11, 63. 
Wounded at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, 63; transferred to Vet 
eran Reserve Corps April 30, 64. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 16, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 16, 63. 
Discharged per order June 15, 65; drafted. 
Promoted Corporal; died at Rocky Point, N T . C., Feb. 25, 65. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 
Pro. Corp.; dis. on exp. of term, Oct. 12, 63; wd. at Chickamauga. 
Drafted; discharged by order July 19, 65. 
Drafted. 
Deserted while engaged with enemy Oct. 6, 62. 
Sergeant; killed while doing duty as fireman on Mobile & 
Charleston Railroad, Aug. 12, 62. 
Promoted Corp.,Serg.; killed at Chickamauga; special mention. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63. 
Discharged per order June 9, 65; drafted. 
Drafted. 
Wounded at Chickamauga; dis. on exp. of term, June 28, 64. 
Deserted Jan. 1, 62. 

Substitute; promoted Corp.; discharged per order June 20, 65. 
Drafted. 




L<a Roque, Joseph. 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Le Blanc, Peter 


Lee, Heurv 


Linquist, Daniel 
Loomis, Owen 
Martig, Jacob 
Matte, Christian 


Mnrlett, John.. . 




Maley, Joseph 


July 11, 65 


Mark, Christian... . 


Marcune, Geo. W 




McAuliff, John 




McCormick, Frederick 
McDonald, Daniel 
McDonald, Andrew 
Morgan, David C 


July 11, 65 


July 11, 65 


Morse, Thomas P 




Morris, Francis 


July 11, 65 


Moran, John 


Moore Geo. W.... 


Julv 11 65 



130 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTEB OF COMPANY C Continued. 



NAMES. 



Morrill, Edwin R 

Nelson, James 

Newell, Geo. B 

Neros, Severe 

O Donahue, Michael.. .. 

Orline, Charles 

Oleson, Morse 

Oliver, Aaron P 

Orcutt, Joseph I 



Orcutt, Edward A 

Orcutt, Win. P 

Orcutt, Theodore D. M. 



Parks, Samuel 

Parks, Elpharen A 

Peterson, Isaac A 

Phare, Thomas 

Potter, John , 

Putney, Asahel 

Kice, Lewis J 

Russ, John M , 

Rohan, Michael 

Sanborn, Levi S 

Schneig, Peter 

Schilt, Christian 

Shedd, Charles R 

Shaw, Thomas , 

Smith, David 

Stoll.JohnG 

Stuckey, John 

Stiff, George 

Stone, Sylvanus 

Stevens, Wesley G 

Sweeney, Charles 

Thompson, Augustin... 

Tibbets, Tilson 

Townsend, Ervin I) 

Totten, Daniel 

Towler, Wm. H 

Tooke, David 

Trindal 1, Stephen 

Turner, Jacob 

Walrich, Peter 

Walquist, Charles 

Welch, Patrick 

Welch, Jonathan 

Wetherax, Monroe 

Wheeler, Julius F 

Wheeler, Peter G 

Wiehl, Mathew 

Williams, James F 

Wilson, Chauncey 

Wood, Edwin H 

Wood, Benjamin F 

Woodward, Charles 

Wood, Morgan L 

Wright, George 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Oct. 15, 62 
Feb. 22, 65 
May 27, 64 
Nov. 1, 61 
May 30, 64 
June29, 61 
Sept. 28, 64 
May 27, 6 4 
Oct. 12, 61 

June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Juue29, 61 

May 26, 64 
Men. 21, 65 
Oct. 22, 64 

May 27, 64 



June 29, 61 
May 27, 64 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Mch.21, 65 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
Sept. 26, 64 
May 26, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 26, 61 
May 27, 64 
May 30, 64 
Sept. 20, 64 
June 26 61 
Mch. 27, 65 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
May 27, 64 
Feb. 22, 65 
Oct. 26, 61 
Sept. 8, 64 
Sept. 8, 64 
June 29, 61 
Sept. 20, 64 
Sept. 22, 64 
June 26, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
Feb. 22, 65 
May 27, 64 
June 29, 61 
June 29, 61 
June29, 61 
June 29, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 11, 65 



Junell, 65 



Junell, 65 

Juneli, 65 
Junell, 65 



June 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 1V65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



Discharged for disability June 22, 63. 

Discharged per order June 8, 65; drafted. 

Transferred from Co. D; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Discharged per order June, 65; drafted. 

Died at Lebanon, Ky., Feb. 22, 62. 

Discharged per order June, 65; drafted. 

Promoted Corporal; drafted. 

Promoted Corporal; died while prisoner at Andersonville, 

Sept. 10, 64; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Discharged for disability May 18, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; discharged on expiration of 

term, June 28, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Died at Marietta, Ga., Aug. 24, 64. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital July, 65. 
Substitute. 
Substitute. 

Discharged for disability July 12, 62. 
Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Corp.; wnd. at Chickamauga; dis. on exp. of term, June 28, 64. 
Died at Fort Abercrombie, D. T., July 19, 61. 
Substitute. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept, 19, 63. 
Died at Nashville. Term., Jan. 17, 64. 
Discharged per order June 16, 65; drafted. 
Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Captured at Chickamauga; died at Baltimore, Md., April 4, 64,. 
Discharged from hospital Aug. 10, 65- drafted. 
Discharged per order July 6, 65; drafted. 
Discharged from hospital Aug. 10, 65; substitute. 
Dis. on exp. of term, June 28, 64; captured at Chickamauga. 
Substitute. 

Musician; transferred to band; discharged April 24, 62. 
Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 
Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Oct. 26, 64. 

Discharged from hospital July, 65; drafted. 

Discharged per order June 16, 65; drafted. 

Dis. on exp. of term, June 28, 64; captured at Chickamauga. 

Discharged from hospital July, 65; drafted. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 

Discharged for disability Oct. 20, 62. 

Died at Fort Abercrombie, D. T., Aug. 5, 61. 

Pro. Corp.,Serg., Maj.; killed at Kenesaw Mountain June 23, 64.. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 

Transferred to Company 1, 4th U. S. Artillery, Dec. 22, 62. 

Drafted. 

Discharged for disability May 18, 62. 

Promoted Corporal; died at Chattanooga, Tenn , Dec. 8, 63. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 25, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, June 28, 64. 



ROSTER OF COMPANY D. 



NAMES. 


w 
o 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Horace H. Western 
John Moulton 


37 
25 


July 5, 61 
Nov. 15, 62 

Apl. 5, 65 

July 5, 61 
Nov. 15, 62 

Dec. 25, 63 
Nov. 1, 64 

July 5, 61 
Apl. 5, 65 




Resigned Oct. 27, 62. 
Serg. July 5, 61; 2d Lieut. Jan. 17, 62; 1st Lieut. May 1, 62, 
special mention; promoted Major April 4, 65. 
Priv. July 5, 61; Corp., Serg., Serg. Major, 1st Lieut. Co. I May 
15, 64; Adjt. May 25, 64; spec, mention; dis. with, regiment. 
Resigned May 1, 62. 
Sergeant July 5, 61; 2d Lieutenant May 1, 62; killed at Mission 
ary Ridge Nov. 25, 63; special mention. 
Corporal July 5, 61; Sergeant, 2d Lieutenant Dec. 24, 62; re 
signed July 12, 64; special mention. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; Corporal July 5, 61; Sergeant. 

Promoted 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant July 17, 62. 
Private July 5, 61; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; Corporal, Sergeant, 




Geo. W. Shuman 


July 11, 65 


First Lieutenants 
Moses E. Tuttle 


30 
23 

24 
27 

31 
27 


Samuel G. Trimble 
Hiram Lobdell 






Jacob I. McCoy 


July 11, 65 


Second Lieutenants 
Samuel P. Jennison 
Isaac W. Stuart 


July 11, 65 



COMPANY D. 

KOSTER OF COMPANY- D Continued. 



131 



NAMES. 



ENLISTED MEN. 

Bartlett, John W 

Baldwin, John R 

Bloom, Charles 

Bowes, Charles M 

Bogan, Alfonso 

Brook, Hunter 

Brewster, Lyinan 

Brown, Edward 

Cariveaux, Felix 

Carpenter, Stephen 

Casey, Michael 

Carroll, James 

Cameron, Manuel 

Chapman, Samuel 

Clewett, Charles 

Clum, Martin J 

Countryman, Levi 

Countryman, Peter F 

Corcoran, Thomas 

Collins, John 



Cummings, John 

Davis, Edwin A, 



Daily, Bartholomew 

Degrod, William... 

De Coimuan, Alfred I 

Dobson, William 

Dudley, Win 

Dudley, James N 

Etzell, Charles 

Evans, Hurford L 

Ferris, John H 

Field, Samuel A 

Fillmore, Geo. M 

Frazier, Leander 

Gangnow, Peter 

Gibbens, John 



Gilchrist, Gideon M 

Greenfield, Oliver 

Gurley, John 

Guerin, Alfred 

Hanson, Amos 

Hall ,AlbertK ... 



Harrington, Hiram A.. 

Haynes, David E 

Harrison, Wm. H 

Hagne, James 

Haiina, Walter R 

Hardon, Henry 

Hall.John 

Hewitt, Anthony 

Hearthur, Charles 

Helstrom, Carl 

Hinmon, Gustav 

Hockerson, Nels 

Holtman, Andrew 

Hoover, Henry W 

Holdship, Samuel B. 

Howell, Alfred Y 

Holdship, Thomas A 

Hutchins, Moses A 

Irvine, Benjamin F 

Jennings, Fred A 

Johnson, Charles E. F 

Jones, Robert B 

Johnson, John A 

Johnson, Peter 

Kartack, Joseph 

Kennedy, Owen 

Kennedy, John 

Kennedy, John J 

Kelcher, Martin 

Kearney, James 

King, Walter R 

Kimball, Alden 

King, Ozase 

King, Michael 

Klassey, Thomas 

Kleinschmidt, Englebt .... 

Knapp, Austin 

Lanpher, Rollin A 

Labrash, Napoleon 

Landril, Alexander 

Lambert, Peter 



MUSTERED MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 



June 27, 61 
May 26, 64 
May 26 64 
Junel7, 61 
July 1, 61 
June 17, 61 
June 17, 61 
July 2, 61 
June 17, 61 
JunelS, 61 
May 26, 64 
May 26, 64 
June 4 64 
May 28, 64 
Oct. 13, 61 
July 2/61 
Feb. 7, 65 
Feb. 7, 65 
Mch. 2, 65 
May 26, 64 
May 26, 64 
July 1, 61 
Nov. 2, 64 
Nov. 14, 64 
June 17, 61 
June 17, 61 
Junel7, 61 
Juue27, 61 
May 30, 64 
May 26, 64 
Mch. 2, 65 
Jan. 28, 64 
June 17, 61 
July 1, 61 
Sept. 27, 64 
June 17, 61 
July 1 61 
Mch. 2, 65 
Oct. 7, 64 
Feb. 27, 65 
June 17, 61 
June21, 61 

June21, 61 
JuneSO, 61 
July 1, 61 
May 26, 64 
Mch. 2, 65 
Nov. 23, 64 
Nov. 9, 64 
Sept. 20, 64 
Nov. 28, " 
Mch. 23, 65 
May 31, 64 
Mch. 25, 65 
Mch. 31, 65 
Oct. 16, 61 
June 25, 61 

June 27, 61 
June 17, 61 
June21, 61 
Junel7, 61 
June 27, 61 
July 1, 61 
June 17, 61 
Mch. 17, 65 
Mch. 24, 65 
Nov. 23, 64 
May 26, 65 
May 31, 65 

Oct. 23, 

June 6, 65 
July 1, 61 
June 19, 61 
June20, 61 
Mch. 2, 65 
Feb. 25, 65 
Oct. 31, 64 
July 1, 61 
Mch. 2, 65 
June 17, 61 

June 30, 61 
July 1, 61 

June 2, 64 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July II, 64 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 66 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 
July 11, 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



Died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 15, 62. 

Drafted; promoted Corporal April 1, 65; dis. with regiment* 

Drafted. 

Expiration of term, July 4, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 62. 

Promoted Staff Officer, rank of Captain, April 1, 62. 

Expiration of term, July 4, 63. 

Dis. on expiration of term, July 4, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Discharged for disability June 10, 62. 

Substitute. 

Drafted; promoted Corporal March 1, 65. 

Drafted. 

Pro. Corp.; dis. onexp. of term,Oct,12, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Corporal; discharged for disability May 18, 62. 
Promoted Corporal May 1, 65; discharged July, 65. 
Discharged per order June 19, 65. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Discharged for disability Nov. 21, 61. 

Discharged from hospital in 65; drafted. 

Substitute. 

Deserted from Tuscumbia, Ala., July 26, 62. 

Wagoner; re-enlisted Dec. 29. 63. 

Corp.; promoted Sergeant; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Musician; discharged fdr disability April 19, 62. 

Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Corp.; promoted 2d Lieut, in 3d U. S. Artillery Dec. 13, 61. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Discharged per order June H, 65. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Died Sept. 30, 63, of wnds. recvd. at Chickamauga; spec. ment. 

Died at Savannah, Ga., Feb. 17, 65. 

Discharged per order June 19, 65. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64; promoted Cor 
poral and Sergeant; special mention; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Discharged for disability May 18, 62. 

Deserted from Smithland, Ky., Feb. 28, 62. 

Drafted; died at Evansville, Ind., Feb. 12, 65. 

Discharged per order Aug. 28, 65. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 

Substitute; discharged from hospital in 65. 

Drafted; died at Cleveland, Tenn., April 11, 65. 

Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Oct. 16, 64. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 65; pro 
moted Sergeant; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Discharged for disability March 30, 62. 

Discharged for disability May 18, 62. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

1st Sergeant; discharged for disability October, 62. 

Dicharged for disability March 9, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Discharged for disability June 13, 62; Musician. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Deserted Dec. 1, 61; never smelled powder. 

Sergeant; reduced; deserted March 26, 62. 

Sergeant; discharged for disability October, 62. 

Discharged per order June 19, 65. 
Discharged per order June 16, 65; substitute. 
Discharged on expiration of term. 



Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant; 

wounded at Missionary Ridge. 
Drafted. 



132 



THE SECOND KEGIMENT. 
KOSTEK OF COMPANY D Continued. 



NAMES. 



Ladauke, John 

Lapier, Joseph 

Larson, Animund 

Le Blond, Joseph E 

Ledoux, Michael 

Lewis, Sylvester D 

Levier, Manville 

Liddell, David 

Lovett, Cyrus 

Mair, Samuel. 

Martin, Alexander 

Maguire, Washington 



Maguire, Thomas 

Mackey, James 

Maxwell, Janies 

Maxon, David 

Martincan, Nelson 

Magnuson, Andrew 

Magnuson, John 

Mattson, Videll 

McAndrews, Patrick 

McAndrews, Thomas 

McAllister, Daniel 

McEwen, Mathew 

McCarty, Bernard 

McMahon, John 

Mevis, Oliver H 

Mills, William 

Montour, Severe 

Morrow, Win. H. H 

Morse, Benjamin W 

Mounts, John W 

Mulrean, Luke 

Mullen, John S 

Nettleton, Eugene B 

Neros, Severe 

Nelson, John 

Odett, Theofelt 

O Grady, Thomas 

Paro, John B 

Pagenhoff, Wilhelm 

Palmer, St. Don 

Perkins, Edward R 

Peterson, John A 

Perrin, Thomas G 

Pease, Minot H 

Potts, Phillip 

Regan, Timothy 

Reed, Michael 

Richardson, John 

Richmond, Robert 

Schneider, Andrew 

Schwerein, Frederick 

Sherburne, John S 

Shanley, Michael H 

Sergeant, Burton W 

Sexton, Allen 

Spring, John 

Sprague, Cassius M 

Strong, George G 

Stoakes, Henry 

Stefles, Peter 

Stevens, Anthony 

Stewart, John 

Swenson, Peter 

Swenson, Nels 

Tankard, Robert 

Thompson, Francis 

Town, Leonard 

Towle.Geo. W 

Trowbridge, Edward R 

Treat, Charles A 

Vessey, Henry 

"Wagner, Wni.... 

Watkins, Chas. F 

Wales.John 

Walmark, Andrew P 

Weed, Clark 

West.John 

Whidden, Geo. B 

Wheaton, Geo. A 

Whitmore, Charles 

Wilson, William 

Williams, Augustus H 24 

Wilson, James H 24 



MUSTERED 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11. 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



June 2, 64 

Oct. 8, 64 
May 27, 64 
July 1, 61 
Mch. 2, 65 
Oct. 22, 64 
Oct. 22, 64 
May 26, 64 
June 4, 64 
June 17, 61 
June 18, 61 
June 21, 61 



June 19, 61 
May 31, 64 
May 28, 64 
May 28, 64 
Nov. 2, 64 
July 26, 64 
Mch. 23, 65 
Men. 17, 65 
May 27, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Sept. 23, 64 
June 27, 61 
July 1, 61 
June 17, 61 
June 24, 61 
May 27, 64 
Nov. 23, 64 
June 17, 61 
June 24, 61 
June 18, 61 
July 1, 61 
July 5, 61 
June 19, 61 
July 1, 61 
Apl. 3, 65 
Sept. 28, 64 
June 4, 64 
May 30, 64 
Sept. 26, 61 
June 27, 61 
June 27, 61 
May 31, 64 
Sept, 27, 61 
Sept, 23, 61 
July 1, 61 
May 27, 61 
May 27, 61 
June 14, 61 
Feb. 6, 65 
Sept, 26, .... 

Sept. 20 

jHne!7, 61 
July 1, 61 
June 17, 61 
June 27, 61 
June 17 61 
Mch. 2, 65 
June24, 61 
June27, 61 

Sept. 20, 

Oct. 22, 

May 26, 65 
May 30, 65 
Apl. 21, 65 
June27, 61 
June 28, 61 
June 27. 61 



July 11, 65 
July"li , ; 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



June20, 61| July 11, 61 

Junel7 611 

Feb. 8, 64 July 11, 65 
June21, 61 

June 17, 61 July 11, 65 

Oct. 8 61 

May 26, 641 July 11, 65 
Apl. 21, 64; July 11, 65 

Nov. 22, 64 

June 17, 611 
June 19, 61 
June 27, 61 
June27, 61 
June 17, 61 
June 17, 61 
June 17, 61 



Drafted; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Aug. 2, 64. 
Substitute; discharged per order July 13, 65. 
Drafted; discharged for disability May 22, 65. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 2, 64; wounded at Missionary Ridge. 

Substitute. 

Discharged from hospital Oct. 13, 65. 

Discharged per order June 23, 65; drafted. 

Promoted Corporal; drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Discharged for disability Dec. 30, 62. 

Captured at Chickamauga; prisoner 9 mouths; discharged on 

expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; promoted Serg.; \vnd. at Kenesaw Mt. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; promoted Corporal. 
Substitute; died at Marietta, Ga., Oct. 6, 64. 
Drafted. 

Discharged from hospital in 65; drafted. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Substitute. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 11, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged by civil authorities Oct. 30, 61. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital Sept. 18, 65. 
Killed in battle of Mill Springs, Jan. 19, 62; a good soldier. 
Discharged for disability September, 61. 
Discharged for disability September, 62. 
Promoted Corporal; discharged on exp. of term, July 4, 64. 
Pro. Corp.; dis. on exp. term, July 4, 64; wd. at Missionary Ridge. 
Pro. Corp.; dis. on exp. term, July 4, 64; wd. at Chickamauga. 
Transferred to Company C Nov. 1, 61. 
Drafted. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 
Discharged per order June 22, 65; drafted. 
Substitute. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 11, 65. 
Discharged for disability Oct. 1, 62. 
Discharged for disability, Oct. 16, 62; Corporal. 
Died at Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 16, 64. 
Died at Louisville, Ky., March 19, 62. 
Discharged for disability July 17, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged from hospital July 18, 65; drafted. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 

Discharged per order June 16, 65. 
Discharged per order June 11, 65. 
Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Promoted Corporal; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 29, 63. 
Dischai ged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged per order Nov. 16, 61; underage. 
Discharged for disability Nov. 10, 62. 

Discharged on exp. of term, July 4, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Promoted Corporal; discharged per order. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Promoted Corporal; drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Discharged for disability June 23, 62. 

Discharged for disability Oct. 23, 62. 

Died at Tuscumbia, Ala., Aug. 2, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Discharged for disability June 6, 62. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Captured and wounded at Chickamauga; escaped April, 61; 

discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; promoted Corporal; transf. to band. 
Died at Bowling Green, Ky., Oct. 28, 62. 

Drafted. 

Discharged from hospital in 65; substitute. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged for disability Jan. 2, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged for disability June 4, 62; corporal. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 



COMPANY E. 
ROSTEB OF COMPANY D Continued. 



133 



NAMES. 


g 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Wilson, John D 


26 


June 17, 61 




Discharged for disability Nov. 11, 62; promoted Sergeant 


Wiley, Win. H.... 


18 


June 17, 61 


July 11/65 


Major; reduced at own request. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 13, 64; pro. Corp. and Serg.; wd. Chickamauga 


Williams, Jesse M 
Young, Nelson 


29 


June 27, 61 
June27, 61 




Discharged on exp. of term, July 4, 64; wnd. Missionary Ridge. 
Discharged for disability Aug. 9, 62. 













ROSTER OF COMPANY E. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

Asgrim K. Skaro 

Jeremiah C. Donahower 

Thomas G. Scott 

First Lieutenants 

E. St. Julien Cox 

Augustus E. Alden 

Benjamin Sylvester 

JSecond Lieutenant 

Thomas D.Fowble 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adam, Samuel 

Adelberger, John 

Alexis, Fourier 

Ammondson, Ole 

Ammondson, Giermund... 

Anderson, Knute 

Anfinson, Albright 

Anderson, George 

Anderson, Alexander 

Anderson, Andrew 

Arnzen, John 

Beaumont. Walter S 

Becklin, Adolf 

Birch, Flora 

Blonquist, S. A 

Black, George A 

Bonier, Samuel 

Boeur, Frank 

Bradbury, Alexander 

Branett, George 

Brown, George 

Brown, James R 

Brockway. Washington.... 

Cheadle, John 

Chase, Royal S 

Channing, Charles O 

Clark, Angus P 

Cronkset, Andrew P 

Cronin, Cornelius 

Davis, Joseph 

Devannah, Daniel 

Dead rick, Wm 

Diericks, Charles 

Diehl, Joseph 

Downs, Thomas 

Donaldson, David 

Ebert, Joseph 

Ebert, Anthony 

Edwards, Joseph H 

Ellmer, John 

Ells, Charles 

Ellis, Bradley J 

Enphinson, Albrecht 

Evanson, Knud 

Flora, James 

Friesteff, Peter M 



Freisch, Jay W 

Frinch, Charles 

Golaxon, Neil 

Gunderson, Gunder 

Gunn, Robert 

Gustaff, Ender 

Henningson, J. L 

Hageria, Joseph 

Hanson, Erick 

Haroldson, Torgus 



MUSTERED MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 



REMARKS. 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 5/61, Resigned March 20/62. 

June 20, 62! j u i v 5, 61, 2d Lieut.; special mention; resigned July 12, 64. 

Sept. 14/64 T 

July 5/61 
Apl. 26, 62 
Dec. 19, 64 

Apl. 1/64 

July 5/61 
Sept. 26/64 
July 5/61 
May 27, 64 
May 27, 64 
May 27, 64 
May 27, 64 
July 5/61 
July 5/61 
July 5/61 
May 28, 64 
July 5, 61 
Oct. 13/61 
Mch. 23, 65 
Feb. 17, 65 
July 5/61 



July 11, 65 



24 ! Aug. 18, 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 6! 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Aug. 8/64 
Mch. 29, 65 
Feb. 26, 64 
July 5, 61 



Sept. 22, 64 
Aug. 25, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Oct. 26, 64 
Oct. 26, 64 
Oct. 5, 64 
Apl. 3, 65 
May 31, 64 
July 5, 61 
May 27, 64 
Feb. 11, 65 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 

Oct. 1 61 
May 31, 64 
May 27, 64 
May 31, 65 
June 2, 64 
Oct. 13, 64 



May 28, 64 
June 2, 64 
June 1, 64 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

Juiy li/6E 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 16, 65 Sergeant July 5, 61; 2d Lieutenant June 20, 64; wounded at 

Missionary Ridge; special mention. 
Resigned Feb. 8, 62. 
Sergeant July 5, 61. 
Sergeant July 5, 61: 2d Lieutenant Nov. 12, 64; wounded at 

Chickamauga; discharged with regiment. 
Private July 5, 61; Corporal, Sergeant. 

Deserted from Fort Ridgley Sept. 2, 65. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65; drafted. 

Term expired July 4, 64. 

Drafted. 

Drafted; died at Nashville Feb. 22, 65. 

Drafted, 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Deserted from Fort Snelling Oct. 4, 61. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Drafted. 

Deserted from Fort Snelling Oct. 4, 61. 

Died at Washington, D. C., June 27, 65; drafted. 

Substitute. 

Discharged per order June 20, 65. 

Corporal; discharged for disability Nov., 62. 

Re-enl. Jan. 25, 64; pro. Com. S erg.; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Musician; transferred to Co. 1, 4th U. S. Artillery, January, 62. 

Discharged for disability 62. 

Deserted from Fort Ridgley July 24, 61. 

Deserted from Fort Snelling Oct. 4, 61. 

Died at Chicago of knife wnd. May 18/64; wnd. at Mill Springs. 

Died; no record of date. 

Corp.; Re-enl. Dec. 26/63; wnd. at Chickamauga; pro. Sergt. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Discharged for disability 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Substitute; discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Substitute. 

Corporal; discharged for disability in 62. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Corporal; pro. Serg.; trans, to Co. I, 4th U.S. Art., December, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26/63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 12, 65. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 

Drafted. 

Substitute; discharged from hospital Aug. 10, 65. 

Dis. on exp. of term, July 12, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26/63; discharged for disability May 4/64; 
wounded at Chickamauga. 

Dis. on exp. of term, Oct. 9, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
July 11, 65 

Discharged from hospital July 2, 65; drafted. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Wounded at Missionary Ridge. 
July 11, 65 Drafted. 
July 11 , 65 Drafted. 
July 11, 65! Drafted. 



July 11/65 



July llj 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11/65 
July 11/66 



July 11/65 
Julyii/65 



July 11/65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



134 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY E Continued. 



NAMES. 


K 
O 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 




25 

30 
18 
29 
37 
31 
26 
40 
21 
23 
^28 
40 
24 
23 
31 

29 
25 
45 
30 
42 
40 
19 
25 
28 
38 
37 
24 
27 
31 
44 
32 
30 
29 
31 
34 
30 
38 
31 
19 
24 
27 
21 
30 
31 
26 
18 
20 
SI 


July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 
July 5, 51 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Sept. 20, 64 
Sept. 20, 64 
July 5 61 
July 5 61 
July 5, 65 
Oct. 12, 64 
Oct. 13, 64 
July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 

Oct. 1 61 
June 13, 64 
Oct. 3, 64 
May 30, 64 
Oct. 3, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Oct. 8, 64 
Apl. 3, 65 
Oct. 20, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Mch.24 65 
July 5, 61 
May 26, 64 
May 30, 64 
July 5. 61 
May 27, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5 61 
May 30, 64 
Sept. 20, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
July 5, 61 
June 6, 64 
May 27, 64 


July 11, 65 








Hoffstatt, Frank Y 


July 11, 65 
"July li , 6o 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Holder, Jacobus 
Horrigan, Michael 


Horst, Lewis 
Hughes, Henry 
Hugher, Washington 
Isentice, Beverly 
Iverson, Erick 




"julylij 65 
"July li ," 6o 
July 11, 65 


Jacobson, Ole 


Jensen, Hans 




Johnson, John 


"July li " 65 
July 11, 65 


Knudson, Erin 




July 11, 65 


Kopp leruan, Christ 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Kuudert. John N 


Larson, Erick 
Lapier William . .. . 


Lord, James 
Legender, Joseph A 
Loagen, William 
Mavbold, John 
McGrath, Michael J 
McGanty, John 




"julyli , ; 65 

"July"li ," 65 
July 11, 65 


McNelley, James 


Miller, Fritz 


"July if, 65 
July 11, 65 


Molitan, Michael 


Moores Henry 


Naylor, George 




Newton James 




Nessell, Robert 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Oleson, Ole 


Oleson Andrew 


Oleson, Andrew 
Olmanson, Bern 


July 11, 65 


Oleson Peter 


27 
21 
28 

18 
22 
21 
18 
37 

24 

23 
24 
30 
18 
23 
21 
35 
24 
33 
41 
37 
40 
40 
19 
42 
19 

23 

26 
35 
21 

19 
20 


Aug. 8, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Dec. 5, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
May 26, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5 , 61 
July 5, 61 
May 31, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 

July 5, 61 
Mch. 27. 65 


Overton, George 
Pasco Edward 






Parsons, Wm 




Pettyjohn, Isaac 
Peterson Peter 






Phillips, Columbus 
Renter, Azel C 






Renne, Ole P 

Rhodes, Robert G 
Roundsville, Benj 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Romer Jacob 




Roberts, Joseph 




Root, George 


July 11, 65 


Rupert Carl 


Rukel, Nels C 
Salenting, John 






Schlinker, Mat 
Schwartz, Michael 


July 11, 65 


Schneider, John 




Shinier, John 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Shuldice, George 
Sneider, Fred A 


Smith, Joseph 
Smith, Thomas 
Smith, James 


July 11, 65 




Sons, Nicholas 




Spaulding, Warren 
Spencer, James 
Stone, Azro A 




July 11, 65 


Swenson, Lewis 




Telke, August.... 


Julv 11. 65 



REMARKS. 



Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Sergeant; wounded 

at Missionary Ridge; special mention. 

Dis. at exp. of term, July 4, 64; wounded at Missionary Ridge. 
Discharged for disability July, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Sergeant; re-enlisted; promoted Sergeant Major, Adjutant. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 30, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; pro. Col. Serg.; wnd. Missionary Ridge. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64; special mention. 
Drafted. 

Wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Deserted from Fort Snelling Oct. 9, 61. 
Deserted from Fort Ridgley July 24, 61. 
Discharged for disability January, 62. 

Discharged per order July 27, 65; substitute. 

Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; Color Sergeant; wounded at 

Missionary Ridge; special mention. 
Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Discharged on exp. of term, Sept. 30, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Died at Cairo, 111., Dec. 25, 64; drafted. 
Discharged per order June 9, 65; drafted. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Discharged for disability May 28, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Discharged for disability May 28, 62. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Substitute. 

Died at Nashville, Tenn., March 5, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Discharged for disability March, 62. 
Discharged for disability March, 62. 
Substitute. 

Wnd. at Mill Springs; dis.for disability June 1, 62; since died. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 

Discharged for disability March, 63. 
Discharged per order June, 65. 
Discharged for disability March, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged per order June, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Corporal; discharged for disability. 
Substitute. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Substitute. 

Drafted; discharged per order July 11, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Milledgeville, Ga., Nov. 24, 64; substitute. 
Deserted from Fort Snelling Oct. 5, 61. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; transferred to Company I, 4th 

U. S. Artillery, December, 63. 
Deserted from Fort Ridgley Aug. 13, 61. 
Discharged for disability March 28, 62. 
Wounded on picket duty October 12; died Oct. 13, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 25, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; dis. from hospital July 28, 65; Wagoner. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant; 

wounded at Missionary Ridge; special mention. 
Re-enlisted; promoted Sergeant; leader of band. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., September, 62. 
Died at Louisville, Ky., December, 61. 
Deserted from Fort Ridgley Sept. 25, 61. 
Substitute. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Dis. on expiration of term, July 4, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Died at Savannah, Ga., Dec. 28, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 4, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; pro. Corporal; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Discharged for disability March, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; wounded at Chickamauga; transferred 

to Veteran Reserve Corps Aug. 3, 64. 
Wounded at Chickamauga, and discharged July 10, 60; 

wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Died at Keokuk, Iowa, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; discharged on expiration of 

term, July 4, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Wounded at Chickamauga; dis. on exp. of term, July 4, 64. 
Substitute. 



COMPANY F. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY E Continued. 



135 



NAMES. 


K 
3 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 




29 
18 
37 
37 
29 
37 
38 
26 
28 
23 
27 
19 
18 
23 
22 
20 
40 
18 


July 5, 61 
Feb, 24, 64 
Oct. 8, 64 
Oct. 5, 64 
May 28. 64 
May 31, 64 
Sept. 26, 64 
July 5, 61 
May 27, 64 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
July 5, 61 
Oct. 13, 64 
May 30, 64 
May 26, 64 




Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 63. 

Discharged per order May 26, 65. 
Drafted. 
Drafted; discharged per order May 10, 65. 
Drafted; died April 29, 65. 
Discharged per order from War Department June 11, 63. 
Deserted from Fort Ridgley Sept, 27, 61. 
Drafted; discharged from hospital. 
Dis. on expiration of term, July 4, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Discharged for disability Jan. 3, 62. 
Transf. to Company I, 4th U. S. Artillery, December, 62. 
Deserted from Louisville, Ky., Oct. 1, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Deserted from Fort Ridgley Sept. 28, 61. 
Substitute. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 


Thompson John 


July 11, 65 


Thur John 


Thayer Willard 


July 11, 65 


Tiech Rudolph 


















^Varvant Benj 








Wendleshafer, Frank 
Weire Thomas. 






Wendland, Frank 


July 11, 65 


Williams Joseph 




July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Ziebarth, Martin 
Ziegler John 





ROSTER OF COMPANY F. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

John B. Davis 

David B. Loomis 

John S. Livingston.., 
First Lieutenant 

Chas. H. Friend , 

Second Lieutenants 

Edward Wait 

Franklin R.Harris.. 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abbott, Oliver H. P.... 

Ahles, John 

Aiusworth, George W. 



Ailing, DwightH 

Allers, Louis 

Andersen, John N 

Andrews, James 

Anthony, Ferdinand.. 

Astrope, Henry 

Atwater, Charles J 

Atwood,MayT 

Baxter, John H 

Bandall, George 

Baldwin, Wesley 

Bethun, Eusbe 

Biefielser, Henry 

Birck, Ferdinand 

Bird, Joseph 



Blanchard, Jasper. 
Blake, Wm 



Bolton, MiloF 

Boquet, Nicholas 

Boardman, James C 

Bragg, Johnson 

Brown, Adam C 

Brown, Thomas H 

Branham,EzraF 

Brennan, James 

Burk, Andrew J 

Butts, Richard 

Buck, James 

Cavoeizel, Paul 

Campbell, Daniel 

Carroll, Thomas 

Chadderdon, George 

Chapin, Isaac A 

Chapman, Wm. N 

Chapman, Robert H 

Chamberlain, Chas. A .. 

Chadderdon, Abram 

Connington, Wm 

Conner, John 

Colleneyer, Frederick .. 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 8, 61 
Men. 19, 63! 
Feb. 23, 65 July 11, 65 



May 21, 65 

Nov. 6, 62 
May 21, 65 

July 8, 61 
July 30, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 

July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 01 
July 8, 61 
May 28, 64 
Sept. 27, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 



Sept. 28, 61 
Jan. 18, 65 
Nov. 18, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 

Feb. 29, 64 
July 8, 61 

July 8, 61 

May 26, 61 
Jan. 18, 65 
Oct. 3, 61 
Feb. 29, 65 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 29, 65 
Feb. 29, 65 
July 8, 61 
July 8 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8 , 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Nov. 17, 64 



July 11, 65 
July i i, 65 
July i i , 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July i i, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



Promoted Major Nov. 5, 62. 

1st Lieut. July 8, 61; resigned Nov. 4, 64; special mention. 

2d Lieut. July 8, 61; 1st Lieut. Nov. 19, 62; dis. with regiment. 

Private July 8, 61; Corporal, Sergeant, 2d Lieutenant April 1, 

65; special mention. 

1st Sergeant July 8, 61; resigned July 12, 64. 
Private July 8, 61; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal, 

Sergeant; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Discharged for disability June 22, 62. 
Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; Corporal; died of wounds received at 

Kenesaw Mountain, Sept, 3, 64. 
Discharged for disability in 62. 
Term expired July 7, 64. 

Corporal; deserted from Louisville, Ky., September, 62. 
Died at Nashvillle, Tenn., April 19, 62. 
Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; discharged for disability July 17, 65. 
Discharged for disability June 9, 62. 
Discharged for disability June 18, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 22, 63; deserted from Nashville March 20, 64. 
Died at Louisville, Ky., Sept. 10, 64. 
Discharged for disability March 3, 63. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; died at Savannah, Ga., Feb. 11, 65; 

wounded at Chickamauga. 
Drafted; Died July 24, 64. 
Musician; threw away his drum, took a gun at Mill Springs; 

discharged for disability Aug. 9, 62. 
Died at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 22, 62. 
Drafted. 
Substitute. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Transferred to Co. B Nov. 11, 61. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 26, 61. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Deserted July 11, 61. 

Died Sept. 2, 64. 

Drafted. 

Sergeant; died of wounds at Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 22, 63. 

Musician; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps July 11, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 17, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; died at Nashville January, 64. 

Discharged for disability June 18, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Died at Nashville, Tenn., March 26, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Corporal; deserted from Louisville, Ky., Sept, 26, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Drafted. 



136 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY F Continued. 



NAMES. 


A 

O 
-Jj 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED PFMARKS 
OUT. 


Crane, Charles C 
Dalton Michael 


29 
28 
18 

"is" 

31 
"19" 


Oct. 5, 61 

July 8, 61 
Oct. 29, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Jan. 16, 65 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 14, 66 
Jan. 11, 65 
Mch. 6, 65 
Jan. 13, 65 
July 8, 61 
May 26, 64 
July 8, 61 
Sept. 28, 61 
May 28, 64 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept. 28, 64 
Sept. 28, 64 
Nov. 26, 64 
July 8, 61 




Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 1, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Drafted. 
Discharged for disability April 19, 62. 

Discharged per order June 24, 65. 
Discharged for disability April 19, G2. 
Substitute. 
Discharged from hospital; substitute. 
Discharged per order June 12, 65; substitute. 
Died at Washington, D. C., May 16, 65. 
Deserted Sept. 29, 62. 
Drafted. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Substitute. 
Sergeant; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
Corporal; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 
Discharged from hospital Sept. 18, 65. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Discharged per order June 11, 65. 
Discharged for disability Sept. 1, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 
Drafted; discharged per order June ll", 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Discharged for disability April 9, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corp.; wnd. at Kenesaw Mt. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 62. 
Discharged per order May 18, 65. 
Promoted Corporal. 
Wounded June, 64; discharged from hospital in 65. 
Deserted Oct. 14, 62. 
Drafted. 
Discharged for disability Jan. 28, 63. 
Wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Promoted Corporal. 
Deserted Aug. 19, 64. 
Discharged per order June 24, 65; substitute. 
Died at Tullahoma, Tenn., Aug. 26, 62. 
Discharged for disability Oct. 24, 62. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 1, 62. 
Substitute. 
Drafted. 
Substitute. 
Corp.; re-enl. Dec. 29, 63; kid. at Kenesaw Mt.,Ga., June 22, 64. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Discharged from hospital July 10, 65. 
Discharged from hospital July 27, 65; substitute. 
Substitute. 
Drafted. . 
Corporal; deserted from Pittsburgh Landing April, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63 ; pro. Corporal; wnd. at Kenesaw Mt. 
Discharged for disability June 25, 62. . 
Discharged for disability Aug. 8, 62. 
Corporal; died at Nashville April 3, 62. 
Discharged per order War Department June 11, 65. 
Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; pro. Corporal; wnd. at Chickamauga- 
Died near Corinth, Miss., May 22, 62. 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

"july"li ," 65 


Davis Samuel 


Daolman, Nicholas 
Desmond, Win 


Dickerson, Jacob 
Doc ken do rf Peter 




Driscoll, John 


July 11, 65 


Edich, Henry 
Edgar, Eugene 
Eduuindson, C. Sisco 
Elliott, Archibald 


*2i" 
40 
24 
18 
28 
19 
19 
43 


Eustler John C 


July 11, 65 


Everett, Wm 


Fariey, James M.. 


July 11, 65 
Juy 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Fessler, Nimrod 


Force, Charles 


Foster, Angevine B 
Fremith, David 
Friemoth, David 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Frankhouse, Frederick 
Frv, George H 


"21" 


Griffin, D. B 




Garraitsee, Thos. H 
Giddeman, Joseph 


18 


Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
May 28, 65 
Sept, 26, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Sept. 27, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
May 28, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
July 8, 65 
Mch. 8, 65 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Nov. 28, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Nov. 9, 64 
Nov. 29, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
July 8, 61 
Sept. 22, 64 
Sept. 22, 64 
May 31, 64 
Nov. 28, 64 
Nov. 19, 64 
Nov. 27, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 6, 61 
July 6 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Nov. 28, 64 
May 27, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
May 26, 64 
July 8, 61 
Apl. 1 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
June 13, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 6, 61 
May 27, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
May 28, 64 
Mav 30, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept. 28, 61 
May 28, 64 


"juiyli/65 
July 11, 65 


Green, John 


35 
26 
29 
36 
44 
27 
21 
18 
30 
38 
18 
26 
31 


Graff, Bernard 


Grooes, Alexander J 




Grordon, Walter 




Guggemous, Charles 




Hatter, Stephen 


July 11, 60 


Hay den, Watson N 
Hay wood, Charles 
Holland, Cornelius .. . 


July 11, 65 


Hopps, Casper 




Hood, Theodore F 


July 11, 65 


Hoff, Squire. 


Johnson, Peter 
Just, Nicholas . 




July 11, 65 

July li" 65 
July 11, 65 
July 8, 65 


Keefe, Edward 


40 
25 
34 
19 
20 

"isi 

72 
21 

"32 
44 
26 
37 


Kilburn, Thadeus 
Kivel, Richard N 


Knight, Geo. W... 


Knight, David 
Koester, Frederick 
Kyes, Oliver N 




L.arnson, Alexander 
Lattermer, George 
Lawrence, Thomas .. 
La Chapelle, Gabriel 
Lauernian, Nicholas...., 
Levicount, Spencer E 
Lenkey, Gotlieb 






July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Leiser, Jacob 
Liudburg, Alexis 
Lidenqued, Carl 




Ludker, Carl 




July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Lutz, Conrad 




Masters, John 


33 
19 
43 
22 
31 

25 
19 
18 
43 
21 
18 
40 
37 


Mat tin, William 
Maloney, Patrick 


July 11, 65 


Maxwell, Wm. G . 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Madden, Michael B 
Marshall, Anthony 
Messen brink, Henry 
McCarty, Michael 
McLain, Mortimer B 


McAlpin, Joseph.... 
Mitchell, Marcus B 
Molan, Joseph 




Discharged for disability June 25, 62. 
Died at Jackson Oct. 22, 62. 
Deserted Oct. 10, 61. 
Drafted; died of wounds at Sisters Ferry, 65. 
Wagoner; died at Corinth, Miss., May 18, 62. 
Substitute. 
Discharged per order June 9, 65. 
Substitute. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 73; promoted Corporal. 
Wnd. arid can. by enemy at Chickamauga; died in rebel prison. 
Drafted. 
Pro. Com. Serg.; re-enlisted; transferred to Co. A Dec. 26, 63. 
Discharged by civil authorities Sept, 27, 61. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Sergeant, Corporal. 
Substitute. 
Substitute; discharged per order June 9, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Drafted; discharged from hospital July 14, 65. 






Morton, Edmund 




Molin, Charles D 
Muckler, August 


July 11, 65 


Newville, George 
Nelson, Andrew . 


30 
18 
20 
25 
22 
31 
18 
24 
18 
18 
21 
21 
39 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Norris, Charles R 
Oaks.Henry 


Oleson, Peter 
Overton, George A. J 
Page, George H 
Parker, John W. . 


July 11, 65 




July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Paro, John 3 


Pohl, Joseph 


Pond, Edwin A 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Pond, Theron C.. .. 


Rankin, Christian ... 



COMPANY G. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY F Continued. 



137 



NAMES. 


H 

28 
18 

36 
23 
23 
21 

29 
19 
21 
18 
26 
36 
25 
19 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Rheinhart, John 


May 26, 64 
July 8, 61 

Sept, 27, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 

July 8, 61 
Sept.30 61 
Sept.30 , 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
Feb. 11 , 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
May 31, 64 
July 8, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Dec. 2, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Mav 28, 64 
July 8, 61 

July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Sept, 22, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Deserted September, 61; arrested Oct. 16, 63; sentenced to make 
his time good. 
Discharged per order June 11, (35. 
Re-enl. Dec. 23, 63; dis. for pro. in 1st Colorado Cavalry, 64. 
Deserted from Louisville, Ky., Sept. 29, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain; dis 
charged for disability Jan. 17, 65. 
Corporal; discharged for disability Feb. 22, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, September, 64. 
Died at Somerset, Ky., Feb. 26, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, *63. 

Substitute. 
Transferred to U. S. Artillery Dec. 23, 62. 
Deserted from Somerset, Ky., Jan. 23, 63. 
Substitute. 
Deserted from Somerset, Kv., Jan. 23, 62. 
Died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 19, 62. 

Died 62. 
Wounded at Chickamatiga and Kenesaw Mountain. 
Dis. on expiration of ierm, July 7, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Drafted. 
Sergeant; wounded at Chickamauga; prisoner 9 months; dis 
charged ou expiration of term, June, 64. 
Deserted from Louisville, Ky., 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 
Drafted. 
Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Discharged for disability April 19, 62. 
Discharged for disability June 26, 62. 


Rickart Carl 




Rigg, Joseph F 
Rosevelt, Nelson 
Rutherford George 






Scott Henry H 




Scott, Lewis P 
Scott Smith 






Schooley, James M 
Short Michael 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Sheph ard, Levi M 




Springsead, Henry G 
Stalker Charles 








July 11, 65 




29 
18 
19 
25 
24 
18 
32 
37 
29 

21 
25 

"38" 
18 
24 
40 


Sweet Edward R 


Tabor, James 
Temple, Ephraim M 
Thornton, James M 
Tieman, Thomas A 
Tuft John 


July 11, 65 


July 11, 65 

"ia\T*li , 6S 

July 11, 65 


Volkin, Charles 


Wallace Geo. W. 


Walton, Henry 
Ward Lawrence 






Walter, John 
Wesbacker Joseph 


July 11, 65 


Whitmore, Spaulding 
Wilder, Wm. H 
Wright Reuben M 


July 11, 65 






ROSTER OF COMPANY G. 


NAMES. 


W 

a 
<J 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Andrew R, Kiefer 
Chas. F. Meyer 

Henningvon Rumohr... 
First Lieutenants 
Jacob Mainzer. 


31 
35 

32 

26 
33 

22 
24 
25 

28 
32 
37 
38 
18 
29 
32 
33 
32 
31 
24 
35 
32 
27 
25 
27 
29 
21 
23 
26 
40 


July 8, 61 
Aug. 12, 63 

Aug. 23, 64 

July 8, 61 
Sept. 16, 64 

July 8, 61 
Apl. 16, 63 
Oct. 18, 64 

July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Jan. 25, 65 




Resigned July 18, 63. 
Serg. July 8, 61; 2d Lieut. Aug. 10, 62; 1st Lieut, and Adj. Feb. 
28, 63; special mention; wud. at Kenesaw Mt.; resig. Julv, 64. 
Corporal July 8, 61; Serg., 2d Lieut, Feb. 28, 63; 1st Lieut. April 
16, 63; wounded at Chickamauga; special mention. 
Resigned July 18, 62. 
Private July 8, 61; Corporal, Sergeant, 

Resigned July 18, 62. 
Corporal July 8, 62; Sergeant; resigned July, 64. 
Pro. Corporal July 8, 61; pro. Serg.; re-enlisted; pro. 2d Lieut. 

Corp.; deserted from Louisville, Ky., Oct. 1, 62. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 17, 62. 
Corporal; term expired July 7, 64. 
Drafted. 
Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 
Sergeant; reduced. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., April 11, 62. 
Sergeant; deserted July 1, 62. 
Drafted. 
Transferred to N. C. S. as hospital steward, July 20, 63. 
Discharged for disability Aug. 1, 63. 
Pro. Corp.; dis.on exp.of term, July 7, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Drafted; died at Mound City, 111.. Dec. 24, 64. 
Drafted. 
Died at luka, Miss., June 30. 62. 
Discharged on exp. of term, July 7, 64: wnd. at Mill Springs. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 
Transferred to Co. I Nov. 4, 61. 
Sergeant; transferred to Regimental P>and. 
Mortallv wnd.; left on field at Chickamauga; supposed to be dead. 
Discharged from hospital Aug. 10, 65; substitute. 
Substitute. 
Transferred to Regimental Band Sept, 1, 64. 
Transferred to Invalid Corps Nov. 6, 63. 
Deserted from Lebanon, Ky., June 1, 62. 
1 Discharged oer order June 10. 65: substitute. 


July 11, 65 


Fred A. Essen 

Second Lieutenants 
Fred A. Brandt 


July 11, 65 


Chas. Rampe 
Fred Lambrecht 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Baur, Jacob 
BackhofF John 


"July" li, 65 


"juiy lV65 




Babenter, Henry 


Bohmback Fred 


Bennet, John 


July 8J 65 
Sept. 13, 61 
July 8, 61 
June 4, 64 
July 8, 61 
Julv 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
May 28, 64 
Jan. 14, 65 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Mch. 2 65 
Feb. 2, 65 
July 8 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
July 8, 61 
Sent. 20. 64 


July 11, 65 


Beckman, John 
Bieran, Henry 


Braba.ts Thomas 


July 11, 65 


Buckingham, Fred 


Bunr, Frank 




Bush Henry 




Bull, Joseph 




Clute, Joseph 


July 11, 65 


Dannebarger, Marbel 
Dehnning, George 




Dehn, Christian 




Dickey, Edgar 




Dohn, Frederic 


Douthiel, Peter 
Dohruann, William 






Dront, Killian 


July 11, 65 


Ebert, Charles 


32 
28 


Eschbach, Louis 


Fahrlein, Peter 




Fessler.Carl 


21 





138 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
KOSTER OF COMPANY G Continued. 



NAMES. 



Ferlein, Peter 
Foltz, George 
Freymann, Peter .............. 

German, John .................. 

Gentgen, John 

Gesell, Albert .................. 

Gessell, Albert ................. 

Giesking, William ............ 

Guilaume, Anton .............. 

Guetlich, George 
Hainan, Hans .................. 

Hansan, Andrew 
Harrington, Erastus ......... 

Henk, George .................. 

Hoffman, Bonifacus 
Hoffman, Joseph .............. 

Hoffman, John 
Hoffman, Lorenzo ............ 

Holts, Henry 
Huber, Joseph 
Hyderstadt, Von Julius.... 



Igel, John 
Ihtn 



tne, Christian ............... 

Ihme, Oswald ................... 

Janke, Charles ................. 

Jaasen.Wm ..................... 

Jungblut, Frederick ......... 

Jung, Charles .................. 

Karcher, Cassinnin ......... 

Kaufman, John ................ 

Kemper, Win ................... 

Keller, Peter .................... 

KeiLWm ......................... 

Keifer, Frank .................. 

King, Christopher ............ 

King, John ...................... 

Kittleman, William .......... 

Krause, Charles ............... 

Kulms, Ernst ................... 

Laub, Frederick ............... 

Leisen, John .................... 

Lentges, John .................. 

Letto, John ..................... 

Letio, Charles .................. 

Loffermacher, Frank ........ 

Luchsinger, John ............. 

Luchsinger, Jacob ............ 

Magnus, Paul ......... ........ 

Memmler, Herman ......... 

Miller, Jacob .................... 

Miller.John ..................... 

Mongenstern, Anthony.... 



Moseley, Arthur H 

Noot, William. 

Oether, Joseph 

Ohlein, John , 

Olsen, Rasmus , 

Orth, Charles 

Ortner, Mathias , 

Oswald, Frederick 

Parsons, William 

Peterson, Paul 

Peterson, Thomas 

Pisbach, Joseph 

Pope, Frank 

Pohl, Andrew 

Pratt, Wm 

Radentz, Herman 

Reed, George 

Reichenbach, Charles 

Reichenbacb, George 

Keith, Henry G 

Riebeth, Reinhandt 

Rodell, Gustav C 

Rossback, Nicholas 

Ropert, Nicholas 



Rohrbach, Charles 

Rommel, Augustus 

Rossbach, Nicholas 

Ruhe, Ernst 

Rusche, Joseph 

Runger, Peter , 

Sander, Stephen 

Sander, Christian H 

Schleif, George 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



REMARKS. 



July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Jan. 18, 65 
Oct. 7, 64 
July 8 , 61 
July 15, 61 
May 31 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Feb. 14, 65 
July 15, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8 61 
July 8. 61 
May 30, 64 
Feb. 16, 64 
Feb. 16, 64 
July 8, 65 
July 8, 65 
Jan. 20, 65 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 1, 61 
Feb. 20, 65 
Sept. 12, 61 
Dec. 24, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Jan. 21, 65 
Jan. 21, 65 
July 30, 61 
July 8, 61 
Sept. 20, 61 
Apl. 3 , 65 
May 28, 65 
Sept. 11, 61 
July 8 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8 61 
Sept. 15, 84 
Oct. 6, 64 
July 8 , 61 
July 8, G1 
July 8 61 
Sept. 26, 64 
July 8, 61 

July 8, 61 
Jan. 26, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
June 1, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 15, 61 
May 31, 64 
July 8, 61 
Jan. 19, 65 
Sept. 22, 64 
July 8, 61 
July 15, 61 
Sept. 21, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
Oct. 1, 61 
Feb. 15, 65 
Feb. 23, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Oct. 1, 61 

July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 
May 27, 64 
Feb. 25, 65 
Aug. 26, 61 
July 8, 61 
Mch. 6, 62 
July 8, 61 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 

July i i , ; 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11/65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July li , 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



Deserted from Lebanon, Ky., Jan. 1 62. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Mortally wounded at Chickamauga; supposed to be dead. 

Deserted from Louisville, Ky., Oct. 1, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Transferred to Co. H Aug. 1, 61. 

Transferred to Co. H Aug. 1, 61. 

Discharged from hospital Aug. 14, 64. 

Substitute. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 22, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; wounded at Mill Springs. 

Drafted. 

Corporal; died at St. Paul, Sept. 29, 61. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Discharged from hospital, 65; substitute. 

Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 12, 63. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 10, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Drafted. 

Died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Oct. 24, 64. 

Dis. fordis. Jan. 6, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga and Mill Springs. 

Transferred to Invalid Corps Sept. 26, 63. 

Substitute. 

Wounded at Jonesboro; discharged from hospital in 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Discharged from hospital Aug. 1, 65; substitute. 

Re-enl. Dec. 26, 63; pro. Corp. and Serg.; wnd. at Mill Springs. 

Discharged for disability May 19, 62. 

Discharged for disability June 13, 62; wnd. at Mill Springs. 

Substitute. 

Substitute. 

Transferred to Company H Aug. 1, 61. 

Re-enlisted; promoted Corporal. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Deserted from Dechered, Tenn., Aug. 13, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Substitute. 

Substitute. 

Discharged May 3, 62. 

Transferred to Regimental Band July 8, 61. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 10, 65. 

Sergeant; deserted from Louisville, Ky., Oct. 1, 62; wounded 

at Mill Springs. 
Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 22, 64. 

Captured at Chickamauga; died in rebel prison. 

Musician; transferred to Regimental Band Sept. 1, 61. 

Discharged for disability May 3, 62. 

Captain Nov. 18, 64. 

Died at Fort Snelling Oct. 13, 61. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64; trans, to Co. H. 

Discharged from hospital Aug. 1 , 65. 

Transferred to Company I Sept. 1, 61. 

Substitute. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 10, 65. 

Transferred to Regimental Band Sept 1, 61. 

Discharged for wounds received at Mill Springs May 20, 62. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 22, 64. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 8, 62. 

Promoted Corporal; discharged from hospital July 28, 65. 

Substitute. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Promoted Corporal; died of wounds received at Kenesaw 

Mountain June 24, 64; Corporal. 
Discharged for disability Nov. 20, 61. 
Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Drafted; discharged per order June 20, 65. 
Discharged from hospital Aug. 2, 65. 

Transferred to Company H; discharged for disability in 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, (53; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Corporal; discharged for disability May 19, 62. 



COMPANY H. 
EOSTER OF COMPANY G Continued. 



139 



NAMES. 


1 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Schreger, John 
Schu lie, Charles 
Schierard Nicholas. 


27 
23 
23 


July 8, 61 
July 8, 61 




Transferred to Company H Aug. 1, 61. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
Deserted from Louisville Ky Oct 6 


Schlick Gustav 


34 


July 8 61 






Scheifer, Joseph 
Schleif George 


44 


Feb. 24, 64 




Discharged per order May 3, 65. 


Schleif Paul 


18 


Feb 18* 64 


July 11 65 




Schniid Joseph 


35 


May 28 64 


July 11 65 


Drafted 


Schmid Benedict 


30 


May 28* 64 


July 11 65 


Drafted 


Schumacher. Peter 
Schlitz William 


33 
44 


May 27 J 64 
Sept 26 64 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 


Schuller William 


36 


Sept 26 64 


July 11 65 


Drafted 


Schmidt , George C 


22 
40 


July 30, 61 
Sept 11 61 




Transferred from Company I; discharged on exp. of term. 


Schultz, Charles 
Schirmer Chas 


21 
31 


Sept! 11 ! 61 
Sept 26 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11 65 


Wounded at Mill Springs. 


Seibert, Jacob 


30 


July 8 61 




Corporal killed at Chickamauga Sept 63 


Seidel, Reinhard 
Serfliug Otto 


44 
23 


July 8, 61 
May 31 64 


July 11 65 


Musician; transferred to Regimental Band Sept. 1, 61. 
Drafted 


Serfling, Ernst 


30 


Sept 28* 64 






Seibbert Bettassar . 


25 


Sept 11 61 


July 11 65 




Sholes, G.S 
Siemers, Henry .. 


25 
22 


Sept. 28, 61 
July 8 61 




Transferred to Company H. 
Discharged for disability Aug 5 65 


Sivequist Jonas 


22 


Nov 18 64 


July 11 65 




Siemers, Henry 


24 








Smith Cyrus W 


18 


July 8 61 




Transferred to Companv H ^ug 1 "6 


Smith, John A 


os 


July 15 61 




Promoted Corporal wounded at Chickamauga discharged on 


Sontag Mathias 


28 


July 8 61 




expiration of term, July 14, 65; special mention. 


Streicher. Andrew.... 
Stumpfeld Edward 


29 
37 


July 8J 61 
July 8 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 


Stemshorn, Fred 
Strohbach, Henry 
Stussy Frederick 


44 

21 

28 


July 8. 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct 6 64 


July i i/65 
July 11 65 


Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 
Drafted 


Sutorius, Francis F 
Swenson, Jonas 


28 
25 


Sept. 11 \ 61 
Oct 4 6 1 


July 11 65 


Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec 26 64 


Thies, Frederick 
Tschady, Balthaser 
Tschudy, John W 


26 
33 
35 


May 27, 64 
Dec. 15, 63 
Sept 5 64 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Promoted Corporal. 


Turka.John 
Uhlig, Charles F 


20 
23 


Jan. 26, 64 
Sept 30 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11 65 




TJnzen, John 


38 


Dec 25* 64 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 


Unzen, Joseph 
Van! Frederick 


32 
33 


Nov. 25, 64 
Nov 17 64 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Died at Alexandria Va May 9 8 65 


Vollman, Joseph 


31 


July 8* 61 




Discharged fordisability June 9 ! 62. 


TVanner Jacob 


45 


July 8 61 




Killed at Mill Springs Jan 19 62 


Waltz, Frederick 
Wachtter, Rudolph 
Waschenberger, John 
Webber, Bateus 
Weiss Nicholas 


39 
38 
32 
19 
35 


Feb. 12, 64 
Nov. 26, 64 
Sept. 26, 61 
July 8, 61 
July 8 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Promoted Corporal and Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 26, 63. 
Wnd. at Chickamauga; dis. June 11, 64; special mention. 


Wesli, John 


41 


June 2 64 


July 11, 65[ 


Drafted. 


Wesdorf, Jacob 
Wells, Win. 8 


44 
28 


Nov. 22, 64; 
Oct. 5, 61 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Transferred to Companv I. 


Wells, John . 


18 


Feb. 8 65 




Discharged from hospital in 65* substitute 


Wells, Charles : 
Witte, Gustav 


25 
27 


May 25, 65 
July 8 61 


July 11, 65 


Substitute. 
Discharged for disability Nov 20 61. 


Wick, Charles . 


35 


July 8 61 






Wieltgin, John 
Wollin, Martin 


23 
84 


Nov. 14, 64 
June 2 64 


July i i, 65 
July 11, 65 1 


Substitute. 
Drafted. 


Wohlers Jacob 


23 


July 8 61 




Deserted at Louisville Kv Oct 1 62 


Woodward, John 
Zimmerman Fred 


42 
*U 


July 8, 61 
Mch 9 8 64 




Wagoner, discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 
Died at Chattanooga Tenn Feb. 7 65 - substitute 













ROSTER OF COMPANY H. 



NAMES. 


w 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Nelson W. Dickerson 
John R. Beatty 
Lovilo N. Holmes 
First Lieutenants 
Elias K. Wasser 
S. Dewitt Parsons . 


44 
31 
34 

45 
27 

33 

28 
28 

28 . 


July 15, 61 
July 8, 63 
Apl. 27, 65 

Apl. 27, 65 
Feb. 28, 63 

July 15, 61 
Mch. 19, 62 
July 8, 63 

Apl. 27, 65 


I!-!"!"!"!"!". .! 

"july li" 65 
July 11, 65 


Resigned May 21, 63. 
Resigned March 30, 65; 1st Lieutenant July 15, 61. 
Sergeant July 15, 61; 2d Lieutenant Feb. 28, 63; 1st Lieutenant 
July 8, 63; special mention. 
Private Oct. 2, 61; Corporal, Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 17, 63. 
Promoted Q. M. Serg.; 1st Lieut, and Q. M.; resigned July 30, 64. 

Resigned March 2, 62. 
Sergeant July 15, 61; resigned Feb. 8, 63. 
Sergeant July 15, 61; special mention; wounded at Missionary 
Ridge and Chickamauga: resigned Feb. 14, 65. 
July 15, 61; Corporal, Sergeant. 


Second Lieutenants 
Jerome Dane 
John N. Wallingford 
Thomas G. Quayle 

Daniel Fagan 




July 11, 65 



140 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY H Continued. 



NAMES. 



ENLISTED MEN. 

Allnow, William | 24 

Bagley, Orson i 19 

Bennett, George ] 34 

Bennett, Lewis 

Benjamin, Ephraim 

Berger, Whaudelin 

Beseke, Andrew 

Bieelow, Alfred H 

Bownard, Homar 

Bone, Gilbert H 

Burgher, Joseph 

Campbell, Charles W 

Capron, Joseph 

Carroll, John 

Callihan, Robert 

Calloon, Patrick 

Campbell, Alex 

Cheney, Jehel W 

Chute, Wm. E 

Clark, Wm. A 

Coggrave, John W 

Condlin.Wm. H 

Cole, Benjamin F 

Cole, John E 

Collins, Michael 

Conners, John 

Conners, Wm 

Crosby, Reuben H 

Crowley, Walter 

Cross, Eugene 

Crondall, Nelson 

Cressey, Erastus T 

Crawford, S.W 

Cummins, Horace 

Day.Wm. H 

Dandle, William 

Dibble, Lewis 

Doyle, Joseph 

Durkee, Wm. C 

Ellis,Howard 

Erickson, Lewis 

Evans, James R 

Ferguson, Daniel 

Felton.Ezra 

Flanegan, James 

Foster, John M 

Ford, Wm. A 

Foster, Thomas 

Frazee, Richard P 

Gleason, Wm 

Glidden.R 

Grassengar, Albert 

Gynn.M. R.D 

Gesell, Albert 

Hamany, Uriah S 

Hannah, Wilton 



Harman, Henry 

Henderson, Henry G 

Hetherington, Geo. J 

Hilton, Henry S 

Hilliard, John S 

Hoffman, Joseph 

Hopewell, John B 

Hollingshead, James 

Hodgen, Charles 

Hyatt, Geo. C 

Jacobson, John 

Johnson, John 

Keene, Josiah 



Keene, Madison 

Keys, George 

Keifer, Lewis 

Keating, John 

Kerchen, John 

Kimple, Henry 

Knutson.Orin 

Krause, Chas 

Liecquyer, James B 

Leslie, Samuel 

Lindrosh, Louis 



Liscom, George 

Liscom, Charles 

Lindert, Bredesick. 



MUSTERED MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 



June 4, 64 
Feb. 18, 65 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Oct. 24, 64 
June 4, 64 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 

Sept. 21, 61 
July 15, 61 

July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
June 4, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
Jan. 21, 65 
Oct. 14, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
June 4, 64 
June 4, 64 
June 4, 64 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
June 4, 64 
Feb. 9, 65 
June 4, 64 
July .15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
July 15, 61 
Mch. 29, 65 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Aug. I, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 

July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Jan. 18, 65 
Feb. 9, 65 
Sept. 22, 61 
Feb. 15, 65 
Jan. 20, 65 
July 15, 61 

July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Feb. 17, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Oct. 29, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Nov. 28, 64 
Aug. 1, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 

July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Apl. 5, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July i i , ; 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
Juiy li/65 



Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Corporal; discharged for disability March 28, 62. 

Discharged for disability Jan. 26, 62. 

Discharged at expiration of term, July 14, 64. 

Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Wagoner; re-enlisted Dec. 25, 63; died at Rockford, 111., Feb. 

28, 64; special mention. 
Discharged for disability June 14, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; "discharged for disability June 17, 65; 

special mention; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 30, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 

Substitute. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Oct. 14, 64. 
Discharged for disability June 1, 62; promoted Corporal. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 17, 63; pro. Corp. and Serg.; special mention. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability March 13, 62. 

Discharged per order June 12, 65. 

Discharged per order May 20, 65. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 20, 65. 

Drafted; discharged per order July 6, 65. 

Drafted. 

Died at Fort Snelling, Minn., Sept. 21, 61. 

Discharged for disability March 13, 62. 

Transferred to Co. E 4th United States Artillery, Dec. 24, 62. 

Re-enlisted; died at Chattanooga Jan. 15, 64; special mention. 

Discharged on exp. of term, June 15, 65; wnd. at Chickamauga. 

Died at Evansville, Ind., Jan. 31, 65. 

Discharged for disability Jan. 25, 63. 

Discharged for disability Oct. 21, 61. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Corporal; discharged for disability Jan. 14, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 14, 64. 

Discharged for disability Jan. 6, 63. 

Discharged for disability Oct. 4, 64. 

Discharged for disability May 3, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; pro. Corp. and Serg.; special mention. 

Serg.; mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died Sept. 21, 63. 

Discharged for disability July 18, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Substitute. 

Wnd. battle Missionary Ridge; dis. on exp. of term, July 14, 61. 

Discharged per order June 10, 65; substitute. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 24, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; discharged for disability May 25, 65. 

Special mention; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Captured at Chickamauga; dis. on exp. of term, July 13, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant; 

wounded at Chickamauga; special mention. 
Transferred to Company G. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 23, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 25, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Wounded at Chickamauga. 

Transferred to Company G Aug. 1, 61. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Discharged from hospital Aug. 10, 65. 

Substitute. 

Discharged for disability May 18, 62. 

Substitute. 

Discharged per order May 29, 65. 

Corporal; promoted Sergeant; wounded at Chickamauga; arm 

amputated; discharged Jan. 9, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 14, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 16, 63; promoted Corporal. 



Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Special mention; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 16, 63; died at Mankato, Minn., March 15, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal; special mention. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 17, 63; discharged July 22, 65; wounded at 

Chickamauga; special mention. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23 , 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; dis.fordisab.Dec. 22, 64; spec, mention. 
Substitute. 



6V? 



COMPANY H. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY H Continued. 



141 



NAMES. 



London, Samuel 

Lytle, Abraham S 

Marsh, Enoch 

Martin, Richard 

Mattison, James 

Makenthem, Henry... 
Mattison, Thomas E.., 

Martin, Lewis 

McGynn.R.D 

McKenney, Charles I.. 

McNeill, Eugene 

McDonald, Thomas.... 

McPheters, Samuel 

McCullum, Wm. M 

Mensink, John H 

Mitchell, Salmon A.... 

Mirron, Joseph 

Miles, AbramL 

Morris, John G 

Mulcahy, Dennis 

Nason, Roswell L 

Newman, August 

Neller, Francis 

Nelson, Wm. S 

Nelson. Peter 

Norris, Walter 

O Conner, Cornelius.., 

Odell, James 

Oleson,OleF 

Oleson.Ole 

Oleson.Ellef. 

Oleson, N. Ole 

Palrnerton, Wm. A 

Paul, Charles 

Pay, Biron E 

Parsons, Wm 

Pelkey, James 

Pelkey, Louis 

Peterson, John 

Philbrick, Charles 

Piper, Wm. E 

Poole, Stephen 

Prosser, Abraham 

Purdy, Lotan 

Quinnell, Lewis 

Reese, Morris E 

Robbins, Eleazer 

Rose, Absalom B 

Eogers, Robert F 

Russell, Josiah 

Scully, Joseph 

Seeley, Wm. W 

Severy, Nathaniel 

Shipton, Thomas N 

Shalafo, Nelson 

Sherman, Isaac 



Sibley, Billings J 

Siverson, Halleck 

Smith, Henry D 

Smith, John A 

Smith, Lewis N 

Sprague, John H 

Stannard, H 

Smith, Cyrus W.... 

Taylor, C.W.W 

Terhune, Marion 

Tertlott, Henry 

Thompson, Hans 

Thompson, James.. 

Tibbetts, Henry C 

Torenson, Ole 

Truesdale, Lafayette..., 

Turner, Benj. W 

Ucker, August 

Vale.John 

Walter, Barn hard 

Waterman, Rufus 

Weagent.Wm. H.... 
Webb.Wm.... 

Wead, Clark . 

Wheeler, Wm. G 

Wright, Samuel 

Whittier, Franklin.... 

Williams, Benj. E 

Wixon, Charles W 

Williams, Julius E 

Weis, Nicholas 



MUSTERED ! MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 



REMARKS. 



July 15 61 




Killed at Missionarv Ridge Nov. 25 63* special mention 


July 15 61 




1st Sergeant transferred to Regimental Band Aug 31 61 


July 15* 61 




Discharged for disability June 24, 62. 


Feb. 22, 65 

Nov. 18 64 


July 11, 65 


Substitute. 
Drafted; discharged from hospital Sept. 5, 65. 


Mch. 8, 65 
Sept 17 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63 - pro. Corp transf Sig Corps Apl 14 64 


Nov. 23, 64 
July 15 61 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 29, 63; dis. for disability May 25 65 


July 15, 61 




Died at Evansville, Ind., Oct. 15, 63. 


July 15 65 




Promoted Sergeant; reduced; discharged for disab Mch. 18 62 


July 15, 61 
Nov 2 64 


July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 27, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Davids Island, N. Y.; May 21, 65. 


Feb. 26, 64 




Died at New Albany, Ind., July 16, 64. 


Nov 16 64 




Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 


July 15, 61 




Died from wounds received at Chickamauga Oct. 29, 63. 


Jan. 14, 65 
Oct 8 61 


July 11, 65 


Substitute. 
Deserted from Tuscumbia, Ala., Sept. 5, 62. 


July 15, 61 
Feb. 20, 65 
Sept. 30, 61 
July 15, 61 
Nov. 17, 64 
Sept. 17, 61 
May 31, 64 
Nov. 24, 64 
June 6, 64 
Nov. 9, 64 
May 31, 64 
Oct. 1, 64 
Nov 26 64 


Julv 11, 65 
July 11 65 
July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

July 11/65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 
Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 
Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Jan. 22, 64. 
Drafted. 
Deserted from Lebanon. Ky , June, 62. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Discharged for disability May 17, 65. 
Substitute. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 
Substitute; discharged bv order July 1, 65. 


Mch. 7. 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Substitute. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63. 
Dis. on exp. of term, July 14, 64, sp. men.; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Transferred to Companv G 4ug. 1, 61. 


July 15 61 




Died of wounds received at Missionary Ridge Nov. 28, 63. 


July 15 61 




Died at Keokuk, la , July 16, 62; wnd. at Missionary Ridge. 


May 3lj 64 
July 15 61 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, Julv 14, 64. 


Feb. 24, 61 
Mch 8 65 


July 11, 65 


Discharged from hospital in 65. 


Nov 18 64 




Drafted; discharged per order June 20, 65. 


Sept. 30* 61 




Died at Lebanon, Ky., Jan. 19, 62. 


July 15, 61 




Transferred to Company G Aug. 1, 61. 


Sept. 17 61 




Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 27, 64. 


Feb 24 64 




Died at Lookout Mountain, Tenn., July 29, 64. 


Oct. 12, 61 
July 15 61 


July 11, 65 


Corporal; killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; discharged for disability Oct 21, 64. 


Feb. 29, 64 
June 4, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Sept 30 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Promoted Corporal. 
Veteran recruit. 
Discharged for disability May 27, 62. 


Sept. 26, 61 
July 15, 61 

July 15, 61 
Oct. 25, 64 
July 15 61 


July li , ; 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Wnd. near Kenesaw Mt.; arm amputated; dis. Oct. 24, 64. 
Wounded at Missionary Ridge and Kenesaw Mountain; pro 
moted Corporal; re-enlisted Jan. 2, 64. 
Musician; re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 
Substitute. 
Deserted from Fort Snelling Sept. 20, 61. 


July 15 61 




Transferred to Company G Aug. 1, 61. 


Oct. 7* 61 




Died at Somerset, Kv., March 12, 62. 


July 15 61 




Discharged on expiration of term, Julv 7, 64. 


July 15 61 




Discharged on expiration of term, July 7, 64. 


July 8* 61 




Severely wounded at Chickamauga; transferred from Co. G. 


July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 


July li , 65 


Severely wounded July 14, 64. 
Discharged for disability July 17, 62. 


Jan. 30, 65 
July 15, 61 
July 15 61 


July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Drafted. 
Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 27, 63; promoted Sergeant. 
Musician; re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; dis. from hospital Aug. 10, 65. 


Feb. 17 65 




Discharged per order July 2, 65. 


Mch. 2, 65 
Dec. 22, 64 
Mch. 27, 65 
July 15, 61 
Mch. , 65 


July 11, 65 

Juiy"l]" 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 


Died at Davids Island, N. Y., May 8, 65. 
Substitute. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 15, 63; pro. Corp. and Serg.; special mention. 
Drafted. 



Sept. 20, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Nov. 21, 64 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
July 15, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
Sept. 20, 61 
July 8, 61 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Discharged from hospital July 24, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec, 28, 63. 

Dis. on exp. of term, July 14, 65; pro. Corp.; special mention. 

Corporal; reduced; discharged on exp. of term, July 14, 64. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, July 14, 64. 

Died at Chicago, 111., March 28, 64. 

Discharged for disability March 11, 63. 

Transferred to Co. G Aug. 1, 61; Corp; wnd. at Chickamauga. 



142 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY I. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 

Captains 

John Foot 

Calvin S.Uline 

Tenbroeck Stout 

First Lieutenants 

Win. S. Grow 

George W. Shuuian 

Edgar V. Dickey 

Second Lieutenants 

- James W. Wood 

Henry H. Hills 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adams, Francis 

Alexander, Seth M. T 

All, Charles 

Alier, Michael 

Alger, Norman E 

Bachelor, Alfred 

Backman, Samuel 

Bachelor, Byron 

Betts, Wm 

Bending, Wm 

Bertrand, John S 

Berry, John S 

Bushard, John B 

Bush, Sylvester 

Burton, George 

Cane, Patrick 

Cady, Sherburne 

Carrier, John D 

Christopher, Andrew 

Clark, Wm 

Clark, Sheldon C 

Clinton, Henry 

Colby, Rufus A 

Cochran, Arnold 

Crammond, James 

Davis, Solomon O 

Dalano, William 

Delong, James W 



Dempsey, Patrick 

Dorman, H. J 

Douchy, Frederick 

Drew, Levi. 



Ebilson, Benjamin 

Eggleston, Hailan P 

Emrne, Ferdinand 

Erickson, Charles J 

Fennald, Samuel F 

Foster, Moses 

Foresten, Frank 

Frank, Charles 

Freyman, Peter 

Girard, Pierre 

Grindell,JohnJ 

Gleason, Levi 

Hart,Geo. W 

Halladay, Ira 

Hardy, Valentine O 

Hardy, Chas. C 

Hardy, John T 

Haskell, Hiram 

Harrison, Francis M 

Hall, Bradford H 

Hitchcock, Eathan A 

Holmstrom, John 

Howell, Edwin D 

Hills, Marion F 

Hunter, Daniel F 

Johnson, John 

Justus, Delos 

Justus, Peter 

Kellogg, Edward 

Kirby, Silas E 

Kittleson.Will 

Knott, Thomas 

Krombick, Wm 

Latham, Charles 

Laman, Chas. B 

Laman, Isaac 

Lamson, Barney 

Leison, James A 

Lemay, Louis 

Leach, Hiram 

Mason, Wm 

Mara, John 



MUSTERED MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 



July 30, 61 
June 20, 62 
Apl. 26, 64 



REMARKS. 



July 11, 65 



July 30, 61 

May 15, 64! 

Dec. 14, 64 July 11, 65 



June 20, 62 
Apl. 1, 65 

Aug. 22, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
Oct. 8, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
Jan. 30, 65 
Aug. 12, 61 
July 30, 61 
Aug. 12 , 61 
July 30, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Nov. 23, 64 
June 2, 64 
Aug. 21, 61 
July 30, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Sept. 21, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
July 30, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 ! 
Sept. 11, 61 ! 
Sept. 28, 61 
Sept. 27, 64 
June 15, 64 
Sept. 14, 61 
Jan. 30, 65 
Aug. 28, 61 
Aug. 18, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 

July SO, 61 
Feb. 20, 64 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Aug. 3, 64 
Sept. 21, 64 
Sept. 30 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Feb. 1 2, 64 
July 31, 61 
July 31, 61 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
Aug. 19, 61 
Aug. 8, 61 
Nov. 2, 64 
Nov. 26, 64 
Sept. 21, 61 
Feb. 17, 61 
Nov. 2, 64 
Aug. 20, 61 
July 30, 61 
Aug. 17, 64 
July 30, 61 
July 30, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Nov. 16, 64 
Sept. 8, 61 
Sept. 8, 61 
Sept. 8, 61 
Sepk.11, 61 
Sept. 8 61 
Feb. 3, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Sept.ll , 61; 
Sept. 8, 61 1 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

Juiy"ll ," 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
Juiy"ii ," 65 
Jui y"il ," 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



Julyll, G5i 



Resigned March 9, 62. 

2d Lieut. July 30, 61; 1st Lieut. Jan. 1, 62; Maj. Apl. 28, 64; sp. men. 
1st Sergeant July 30, 61; 2d Lieutenant Jan. 1, 62; 1st Lieu 
tenant June 20, 63; special mention. 
Appointed Quartermaster. 

Private Sept. 24, 61; Corporal, Sergeant; Adjutant May 25, 64, 
Private Oct. 5, 61; Corporal, Sergeant. 

Private Aug. 1 2, 61 ; pro. 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant Aug. 12, 61. 
Private Aug. 27, 61; Corporal. 

Died at Lebanon Junction, Ky., Nov. 13, 61. 

Serg.; trans, to Company I, 4t"h U. S. Artillery, Feb. 9, 63. 

Corporal; died at Watertown, Minn., May 26, 64. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Died at Somerset, Ky. 

Corporal; discharged for disability Sept. 23, 62. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged per order July 18, 65; drafted. 

Corporal: re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Sergeant. 

Captured at Chickamauga; died in Andersonville Prison. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 24, 63. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 10, 62. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Drafted; 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 9, 61. 

Transferred to Company G Sept, 1, 61. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 10, 62. 

Discharged per order June 8, 65. 

Wounded at Mill Springs and Chickamauga; re-enlisted. 

Re-en listed Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Wagoner; discharged for disability Oct. 1, 62. 

Died at Somerset, Ky., Feb. 10, 62. 

Discharged on pretense of deafness Feb. 20, 62. 

Re- enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Aug. 28, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Deserted October, 62; arrested March, 64; sentenced to make 

his time good. 

Died at Keokuk, Iowa, July 21, 62. 
Discharged per order May 29, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 10, 63. 
Transferred to Company G Nov. 1, 61. 
Discharged for disability in 62. 
Substitute; discharged for disability June 18, 65. 
Promoted Regimental Chaplain. 
Discharged for disability March 31, 62. 

Wnd. at Kenesaw Mountain June, 64; dis. per order May 18, 65. 
Discharged from hospital in 65. 

Dis. on exp. of term, July 29, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Transferred to Company I, 4th U. S. Artillery, Dec. 23, 63. 
Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 28, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, July 29, 64. 
Re-enlisted; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted; promoted Corporal; wnd. at Missionary Ridge. 
Drafted; discharged from hospital Sept. 25, 65. 
Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Drafted. 

Corporal; died at Bowling Green, Ky., Oct. 29, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged per order June 11, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Transferred to Company G Nov. 1, 61. 

Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital July, 65. 

Sergeant; discharged on expiration of term, July 11, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Wnd. at Chickamauga; discharged on exp. of term, Sept. 5, 64. 

Discharged at Louisville, Ky. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 29, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 12, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Corporal. 



COMPANY I. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY I Continued. 



143 



NAMES. 



Martin, Philip 

Martin, Epkrairn 

Mara, Walter A 

Mathers, Wardwell 

Maloney, Michael 

McElroy, Richard H 

McCurdy, Wm 

McCourtie, Charles R 

McPhilip, Edward 

Miller, Peter 

Miller, Stephen W 

Miller, Edward 

Morse, Burton 

Mosier, Edwin P 

Mungerson, John F 

Nessell, Edward 

Parker, Albert 

Parker, Henry 

Parker, Roderick 

Parker, Samuel M 

Patwell, Edward 

Parks, George... 



Peasley, Fred. L. M 

Perkins, Geo. H 

Peterson, Thomas B 

Peterson, Augustus 

Peterson, Frank E 

Phelan, John 

Pond, Marion 

Powell, Stephen J 

Prizie,John 

Prichard, Claudius 

Quinnell, Lewis 

Kader, Washington 

Ramheild, Edelbert 

Ressel, Benjamin 

Robinson, Charles 

Rogerman, Jacob 

Sandin, Charles A 

Schneider, Freeman 

Schneider, Simon 

Schmidt, George C 

Serrell, Jonathan B 

Shoonmaker, Joseph 

Shepherd, Fred C 

Sheim, Michael 

Skon, Andrew 

Smith, Joseph 

Smithson, Robert 

Snyder, Frank 

Stone, Geo. W 

Stev, Wm. M 

Stage, Herman H 

Storm, John 

Suttpn, Ellsworth 

Swain, Hiram , 

Tewall,John W 

Thompson, Mars 

Thompson, Martin 

Thurber, Joseph 

Thompson, John 

Tillotson, Ira I 

Toary, George 

"Watson, Philander W .... 

Wallace, Andrew J 

Waldron, Mathew 

Walsh, Simon 

Wells, William 

White, Henry 

Whipple, Harrison F 

Wheeler, John 

White, Mathew 

Whitney, Loren J 

Wilson, George 

Wickett, Adam 



Wright, Wra. H.. 
Yanke, John , 



MUSTERED | MUSTERED 
Is. OUT. 



REMARKS. 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



Sept. 8, 61 
Sept. 8, 61 
Sept. 20, 64 
Sept. 14, 61 
June 6, 64 
Sept. 16, 64 



Sept. 24, 51 

Sept. 8, 61 

Sept. 8, 61 

Sept. 11, 61 

Sept. 11, 61 

June 6 , 64| July 11, 65 

Feb. 25, 64 

July 30, 61 

Sept. 8, 61 

July 30, 61 ! 

Sept. 5, 61 1 

July 30, 61 

Sept. 11, 61 

Sept. 4, 61 

Jan. 27, 65 

Nov. 25, 64 

July 30, 61 

Aug. 16, 61 

Sept. 1, 61 

Sept. 10, 61 

July 30, 61 

Sept, 6 64 

Nov. 30, 64 

Oct. 4, 64 

Nov. 28, 64 

July 30, 61 

Oct. 18, 63 

Feb. 25, 64 

Dec. 21, 64 

July 30, 61 

Aug. 5, 61 

Dec. 8, 64 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

Feb. 27, 64 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

June 6, 64 

July 30, 61 

Dec. 25, 64 

Men. 9, 65 

Oct. 31 , 61 

Sept. 23, 61 

Oct. 12, 64 

Sept. 7, 61 

Sept. 10, 61 

July 30, 61 

Sept. 24, 61 

Feb. 8, 65 

June 16, 64 

Mch. 25, 65 

Dec. 17, 64 

Jan. 20, 65 

July 30, 61 

June 4, 64 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

Nov. 19, 64 

Nov. 1, 64 

Oct. 5, 61 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

July 30, 61 

June 6, 64 

Oct. 27, 64 

Jan. 20, 6, : 



Aug. 8, 61 

July 31, 61 
Nov. 1, 64 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11 , 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



Discharged on expiration of term, July 29, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 29, 64. 

Drafted; discharged per order May 27, 65. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 

Drafted. 

Captured and paroled August, 62; killed by Indians at Wood 

Lake, Minn., Sept. 22, 6 2. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 
Died at Frankford, Minn., July 10, 62. 
Dis. on exp. of term, Sept. 12, 64; wud. at Missionary Ridge. 
Drafted. 

Died at Washington, D. C., June 20, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Deserted June 8, 63. 

Sergeant; died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 9, 63. 
Corp.; dis. on exp. of term, Sept. 12, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga. 
Died at Nashville Dec. 19, 63. 
Died at Lebanon, Ky., March 1, 62. 
Killed by bayonet at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 

Substitute. 

Discharged for disability April 1, 63. 

Deserted at Perryville, Ky., Oct. 8, 62. 

Deserted from Nashville March 10, 62. 

Discharged for disability March 1, 63. 

Musician; died at Louisville, Ky., March 3, 62. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Jan. 18, 64. 



Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Substitute. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, July 29, 64. 

Transferred to Company G Oct. 1, 61. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Corp.; killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Sergeant; discharged on expiration of term, July 11, 65. 

Drafted; died at Rome, Ga., Oct. 17, 64. 

Transferred to Invalid Corps Sept. 23, 63. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Killed at Mill Springs Jan. 19, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Drafted. 

Deserted from Louisville, Ky., Oct. 1, 61. 

Deserted from Danville, Ky., Oct. 23, 63. 

Discharged per order 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Re-enlisted March 31, 64; pro. Corp.; wnd. at Missionary Ridge. 

Drafted. 

Musician; died at Louisville, Ky., March 25, 62. 

Discharged for disability. 

Drafted. 

Drafted; wnd. at Chickamauga, dis. for disability March 7, 64. 

Wounded at Chickamauga; special mention. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63; wounded at Missionary Ridge. 

Wounded at Chickamauga; dis. on exp. of term, July 29, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 

Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 

Discharged per order June 12, 65; substitute. 

Promoted Corporal; wounded and captured at Chickamauga; 

died at Andersonville, Ga. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 19, 63. 
Drafted. 



144 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY K. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

Jacob J. Noah 

Win. W. Woodbury.... 

David S. Coverdale 

First Lieutenants 

Thomas McDonough... 

Axel H. Reed 

Second Lieutenants 

Ephraim E. Otis 

Allen B. White 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adams, Thomas 

Anfaug, Michael 

Andrews, Chas. W 

Ashbjivenson, Beargoff.. 

Atchley, Halsey S 

Barber, John R 

Barber, Martin F 



Barnett,PhiletusS... 
Barton, Phalney R.... 



Bates, Wm. P 

Berge, Thadeus 

Beard, Edwin 

Beniis, Geo. W 

Bensen, Christian 

Benson, John 

Bircher, Win 

Bircher, Ulrich 

Bigelow, James A 

Bishoff, Wm. H. F 

Bohlig, Frederick 

Bostean, Felix 

Boyson, George 

Bombach, Henry 

Bon d u ran t, Cy r us S. . . . 

Blunt, James 

Brink, Andrew A 

Brocky, August 

Burr, John D 

Carter, John F 

Carture, Felix 

Chase, Kelsy D 

Cleaves, John 

Clark, John H.... 

Clyde, Wm. I 

Cobb, Daniel H 

Corey, Bayley A 

Cutting, John A 

Dien.Godfield 

Dickenson, Geo. H 

Ehle, Robert H , 

Ellithorp, Orrin 

Emery, Andrew L 

Emory, James 

Erickson, Peter 

Evans, Williams B. C., 

Fahey, Patrick E 

Fillmore, Darwin E.... 

Flemming, Samuel 

Forsyth, Wm 

Freedman, Nicholas... 

Freeman, Reuben 

Funk, John 

Gahagen, Charles 

Goodhue, Charles 

Gould, John W 

Gould, Samuel 

Grant, Alexander 

Grunnell, John H 

Grine, John 

Hall, James F 

Hamilton, William 

Haskin, Wm. R 



Harden, George 

Herrick, Joseph 

Higgins, John T 

Hill, Domincus 

Hotchkiss, Frederick V.... 

Hope, Thomas 

Hower, Andrew 

Hower, Jacob 

Hower, Mathias | 

Hooker, Joseph B I 



26 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Aug. 23, 61 
June 30, 63 
Feb. 18, 65 

July 12, 62 
Feb. 18, 65 



26 Aug. 31 , 61 
29 Apl. 



1, 65 



Sept. 12, 61 
June 4, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Mch. 8, 65 
Aug. 20, 61 
July 12, 61 
Aug. 12, 61 

Apl. 26 61 
Sept. 3, 61 

Aug. 5, 61 
May 26, 64 
July 31, 61 
Sept, 4, 61 
Sept. 10, 61 
Aug. 5, 61 
Aug. 14, 61 
Aug. 14, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Aug. 26, 61 
May 28, 64 
May 27, 64 
Oct. 5, 64 
Mch. 8, 
Feb. 4, 65 
Jan. 9, 65 
Mch. 9, 65 
May 27, 64 
Aug. 26, 61 
Sept. 16, 61 
May 28, 64 
Mch. 16, 62 
May 30, 64 
Sept. 12, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Apl. 1, 61 
Sept. 7, 61 
Aug. 12, 61 
May 26, 64 
Sept. 11, 61 
Aug. S, 61 
May 26, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept. 11, 61 
May 27, 64 
Aug. 8, 61 
Sept. 6, 61 
Aug. 26, 61 
Aug. 5 , 61 
Feb. 25, 64 
May 20, 64 
Aug. 19, 61 
May 20, 64 
Aug. 30, 61 
Sept. 12, 61 
Sept. 12 , 61 
Sept. 12, 61 
Aug. 5, 61 
July 31, 61 
May 30, 64 
July 31, 61 
Aug. 26, 61 
Aug. 12, 61 

Jan. 21, 65 
May 30, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
June 7, 64 
Aug. 14, 61 
Aug. 1, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Sept. 21, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 

JuVy"li ," 65 

July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 

July 11/65 
July li ," 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 

July li, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
JuTy"il ," 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



Resigned June 3, 62. 

Resigned July, 64; 1st Lieut. Aug. 19, 61; special mention. 

Corporal Aug. 26, 61; Sergeant, 2d Lieutenant June 30, 62; 1st 
Lieut. April 15, 64; wnd. at Chickamauga; special mention. 

1st Sergeant July 12, 61; 2d Lieutenant June 3, 62; wounded 
at Mill Springs; transferred to \ 7 eteran Reserve Corps. 

Sergeant Aug. 6, 61; wounded at Missionary Ridge; arm am 
putated; 2d Lieut. Aug. 17, 64; special mention. 

Appointed Staff Officer. 

Sergeant Aug. 13, 61. 

Re-enlisted December, 63. 

Drafted. 

Discharged from hospital July 13, 65. 

Drafted? 

Corporal. 

Sergeant; re-enlisted December, 63. 

Re-enlisted December, 63; died of wounds received at Kenesaw 
Mountain July 6, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Died of wounds received at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, 63. 

Wounded at Mill Springs; died of wounds received at Chicka 
mauga September, 63. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 25, 64. 

Drafted. 

Wounded at Chickamauga; discharged on expiration of term. 

Discharged for disability April 19, 62. 

Wounded at Mill Springs; dis. for disability April 19, 62. 

Discharged for disability June 6, 62; wounded at Mill Springs. 

Musician; re-enlisted December, 63. 

Wagoner; re-enlisted December, 63. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 63. 

Discharged for disability. 

Substitute. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital, 65. 

Drafted; died from wounds received in action, Dec. 8, 64. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Drafted. 

Drafted. 

Discharged per order June 3, 65; substitute. 

Pro. Corp.; dis. at exp. of term, Aug. 26, 64; special mention. 

Discharged at expiration of term, Sept. 15, 64. 

Discharged per order June 10, 65. 

Re-enlisted March, 64. 

Missing; supposed to have been taken pris. nr. Goldsboro,N.C. 

Deserted Oct. 4, 62. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 10, 64. 

Died at Lebanon, Ky., March 17, 62. 

Died at Lebanon, Ky., April 5, 62. 

Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 10, 64. 

Discharged per order Feb. 3, 62. 

Discharged per order June 19, 65; substitute. 

Re-enlisted, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged per order May 31, 65. 

Dis. on exp. of term; wnd. at Missionary Ridge; special mention. 

Re-enlisted December, 63. 

Pro. 1st Lieut, in 1st Regiment, East Tennessee Cavalry, 62. 

Re-enlisted December, 63; wounded at Chickamauga. 

Died at Marietta, Ga., Sept. 21, 64. 

Drafted. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died at Lebanon, Ky., Feb. 10, 65. 

Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Jan. 12, 64. 

Corporal; re-enlisted December, 63; wounded at Mill Springs. 

Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted December, 63. 

Substitute. 

Sergeant; discharged for disability Oct. 11, 62. 

Wounded at Chickamauga; discharged on expiration of term. 

Captured at Chickamauga; discharged per order June 19, 65; 

wounded at Mill Springs. 
Substitute. 

Discharged from hospital in 65. 
Discharged per order June 19, 65. 
Drafted. 

Corp.; dis. on exp. of term, Aug. 13, 64; wnd. at Mill Springs. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Aug. 1, 64. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted December, 63. 
Re-enlisted December, 63. 
Promoted Corporal. 
Discharged for disability April 12, 62. 



COMPANY K. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY K Continued. 



145 



NAMES. 



Houghton, Augustus E ! 28 

Hughes, James S 18 

Hunter, Wm. W 21 

Ingalls, Roswell A : 21 

Iverson, Ole i 

James, Conroy ! 22 

James, Hubert D | 24 

Jackson, Gilbert 

Jenks, Charles 

Johnson, Peter 

Johnson, Berg 

Johnson, Charles 

Johnson, Thomas H 



Karting, Nicholas 
Kiser, John 
Kittleson, Michael 
Knutson, Ever 
Kruger, John 
Kruger, Charles 
Lamphear, Geo. F 
Leider, William 
Little, Wilbur F 
Martin, Henry 
Martin, John 
Marshall, Robert 
Martin, Lyrnan S 
McCormick, Andrew J 
McAlpin, John 
McLellan, Robert 
McCurdy, Jacob B. R 
Merriman, Warren 
Metzer, Charles 
Metzer, Alexander 

Missegan, Buck 

Moo res, Wm. 



Moesner, Frederick 

Montgomery, Joseph P.... 

Nelson, Andrew 

Neally, Charles D 

Nobles, Alexander S 

Norton, Sewell P 

Ogilvie, Wellsley 

Olson, Christian 

Olson, John M 

Osborn, Warren 

Pendergast, Timothy H.. 

Philibrook, Riley J 

Foe, Jonathan 

Portman, Alexis M 

Pomeroy, Joshua B 



Plowman, George 

Uesmier, Christian 

Roch, Henry F 

Richards, Alonzo 

Robinson, Joseph 

Rogers, Jerome 

Rogers, Wm. A 

Runger, Peter 

Russell, Morris 

Severson, Ellend 

Schofield, Francis 

Severson, Hans 

Shouts, John W 

Sholes, Geo. S 

Shuler, Anthony 

.Smith, John C 

Smith, John D 

Stark, Gustav A 

Stalcop, Levi 

Strong, Chas. W 

Strateman, Henry 

Starry, John 

Ta-sa-ba-nas 

"Vreeland, John 

Warren, Thomas , 

Wakefield, Lewis 

"Waldorf, James M 

Ward, Wm. W , 

Weaver, Charles 

West, William "". 

Westendorf, Frederick... 

Weirth, Peter 

"Webster, Wm 

Westland, Carlton . 

10 



MUSTERED 
IK, 



May 29, 64 
July 31, 61 
Aug. 22, 61 
Feb. 28, 64 



May 27, 64 
Mch. 9, 65 
Aug. 12, 61 
May 26, 64 
May 27, 64 
May 27, 64 
Sept. 10, 61 
Sept, 11, 61 

June 4, 64 
May 28, 64 
May 31, 64 
June 2, 64 
Feb. 22, 64 
May 26, 64 
Sept. 11, 61 
May 30, 64 
Aug. 6. 61 
May 27, 64 
Nov. 23, 64 
Sept. 26, 61 
Aug. 30, 61 
July 31, 61 
Aug. 30, 61 
Aug. 30, 61 
Aug. 16, 61 
May 28, 64 
Sept. 12, 61 
Aug. 20, 61 
May 27, 64 
June 23, 65 
Aug. 26, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Sept. 15, 61 
Sept. 22, 61 
Sept. 11, 61 
Sept. 16, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
May 27, 64 
Aug. 19, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 
Aug. 21, 61 
Aug.21, 61 
Sept. 12, 61 
Sept. 12, 61 
Aug. 5, 61 

Aug. 26, 61 
Aug. 8 , 61 
Aug. 8, 61 
Dec. 8, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Feb. 17, 65 
Feb. 17, 65 
Aug. 26, 61 
Sept. 13, 61 
Mch. 8 , 65 
Feb. 29, 64 
May 26, 64 
Aug. 26, 61 
Sent, 28, 61 
Mch. 8, 65 
Sept. 5, 61 



Sept. 11, 
July 31, 
Aug. 26, 
Aug.26, 
May 27, 
June 4, 
May 31, 
May 12, 
June 23, 
Aug.21, 
Aug. 19, 
Sept. 26, 
Jan. 23, 
Jan. 23, 
Mch. 9, 
May 16, 
Aug. 26, 
Aug.26, 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
Juiy il, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



REMARKS. 



Drafted. 

Discharged per order March 31, 62. 

Re-enlisted December, 63. 

Wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 

Discharged from hospital in 65; substitute 

Died at Louisville, Ky., June 29, 65. 

Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital July, 65. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital July, 65. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 9, 64. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Nov. 13, 63; wounded 

at Mill Springs. 
Drafted. 

Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 
Drafted. 
Died at Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 30, 64; substitute. 

Drafted. 

Killed at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, 63. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 2, 64. 

Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted December, 63. 

Discharged from hospital in 65; substitute. 

Drafted. 

Died at Cowan Station, Tenn., Aug. 25, 63. 



64. 

Re-enlisted; promoted Corporal^ wounde d at Chickamauga. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Aug. 29, 64. 
Discharged from hospital in 65. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 8, 62. 
Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
Substitute. 
Substitute. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Sept. 1, 63. 
Died Feb. 8, 62. 
Re-enlisted December, 63. 
Re-enlisted December, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted December, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted December, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted December, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted Dec., 63; pro. Corp. and Serg.; wd.Missionary Ridge. 

Re-enlisted December, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability June 24, 62. 

Wounded at Mill Springs; discharged for disability May 8, 62. 

Corporal; promoted Sergeant; wounded at Mill Springs; killed 

at Chickamauga Sept. 20, 63. 
. Discharged for disability April 19, 62; wnd. at Mill Springs. 
Died of wounds at Missionary Ridge December, 63. 
Killed at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, 63. 
Substitute; discharged per order June 10, 65. 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 
July 11, 65 



05 
Go 
65 
64 
61 . 
61 1.... 



July 11, 65 
July 11, 65: 
July 11, 65! 
July 11, 65 



Died at Alexandria, Va., July 13, 65. 
Transferred to Company G. 
Discharged for disability May 10, 62. 
Drafted. 

Died of wounds received at Chickamauga Oct. 25, 63. 
Discharged for disability May 1, 62. 

Dted in rebel prison Oct. 3, 63; wounded at Mill Springs and 

Chickamauga. 

Died at Lebanon, Ky., April 6, 62. 
Corporal; discharged for disability. 
Re-enlisted December, 64. 

Re-enlisted December, 64; discharged for disability Nov. 10, 63. 
Drafted. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 24, 65. 
Substitute. 

Substitute. 

Discharged for disability March 18, 62. 

Deserted from Louisville, Ky., October, 62. 

Substitute. 
Substitute. 
Drafted. 
Drafted. 

Discharged for disability Nov. 3, 62. . 

-Died at luka. Miss., July 17, 62; wounded at Mill Springs. 



146 



THE SECOND REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY K Continued. 



NAMES. 


a 

Q 

<J 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Williams Henry C 


19 


Aug. 1, 61 




Died at Somerset, Ky., Feb. 28, 62. 


Wilson Willipm 


*>6 


Aug. 26 61 




Died from wounds received at Mill Springs. 


Wilson. James M 


?2 


Julv31, 61 




Corporal. Sergeant. 


Willey, George H 
Woodward, George 


21 
16 


Sept. 16, 61 
Aug. 14, 61 


"juiy ll", " 65 


Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 10, 63. 
Musician; re-enlisted December, 63. 


Zimmerman, Casser 


40 


May 30, 64 


July 11, 65 


Drafted. 


Zimmerman, Christ 


24 


Oct. 8, 64 


July 11, 65 


Substitute. 



*The words " speeial mention" mean that the man was commended by name in official reports for gallant and meri 
torious conduct in action. 



NARRATIVE OF THE THIRD REGIMENT. 



BY GEN. C. C. ANDREWS. 

Kecruiting for the Third Eegiment 1 Minnesota Infantry, United States Vol 
unteers, commenced early in the autumn of 1861, when people were still feeling 
the thrilling influence of the battle of Bull Eun. The regiment was recruited 
from all parts of the state, and the work was rather slow in the more sparsely 
settled counties. Even in such counties there were in every neighborhood a 
few young men who were eager to go to the war, but it was often too great a 
pang for their parents to consent. Instances occurred where, after a full talk 
and consideration of the matter, a young husband agreed to enlist, but the wife, 
on hearing the decision, burst into tears, and seemed unable to consent to spare 
him. In such case, of course, the man was promptly released from his promise. 
Instances of this sort are recalled where husbands subsequently went in other 
regiments and returned after the war safely to their families. If one had 
dreamed that in course of a year our peaceful frontier would have been swept 
by Indian war, success in recruiting would probably have been much less than 
it was. 

The pecuniary inducements which the Government then offered to the sol 
dier were not slight. He was promised a bounty of one hundred dollars. The 
pay of a private soldier was thirteen dollars a month, as fixed by act of August 
6, 1861, besides his "rations" or subsistence; and, in addition, clothing of the 
value of forty-two dollars per annum. The latter was always of good quality, 
and furnished at cost. The coat, blouse and trousers were all wool and dark 
blue, but after the first year of the war the trousers were light blue. The 
bootees, or gaiter shoes, of split leather came up over the ankle, were tied with 
leather strings, had sewed soles, were very comfortable and durable, yet cost 
only one dollar and a half. 

An infantry regiment consisted of ten companies. Each company had three 
commissioned officers, a captain, first lieutenant and second lieutenant; also, 
thirteen non-commissioned officers, namely, a first or orderly sergeant, four 
other sergeants and eight corporals; likewise two musicians (drummer and 
fifer), a wagoner and at least sixty-four privates; the latter being the minimum 

lr The following were the field, staff, non-commissioned staff and company officers on the organi 
zation of the regiment, Nov. 15, 1861: Colonel, Henry C. Lester of Winona; lieutenant colonel, 
Benjamin F. Smith of Blue Earth county; major, John A. Hadley of Steele county; surgeon, Levi 
Butler of Minneapolis; assistant surgeon, Francis H. Milligan of "Wabasha; chaplain, Chauncey 
Hohart of Red Wing; adjutant, Cyrene H. Blakeley; quartermaster, James P. Hewlett; sergeant 
major, William D. Hale; quartermaster sergeant, A. G. Lincoln; commissary sergeant, Josiah 
Oathout; hospital steward, Ezra Peabody. Company A, captain, William W. Webster; first 
lieutenant. James P. Hewlett; second lieutenant, Adolphus P. Elliott. Company B, captain, 
Chauncey W. Griggs of St. Paul; first lieutenant, James B. Hoit; second lieutenant, Rollin C. Olin. 
Company C, captain, John A. Bennett; first lieutenant, William H. Mills; second lieutenant, Lewis 
Hardy. Company D, captain, Hans Mattson of Red Wing; first lieutenant, Lars K. Aaker; second 
lieutenant, Hans Eustrom. Company E, captain, Clinton Gurnee of Red Wing; first lieutenant, 
Edward L. Baker; second lieutenant, Willet W. De Kay. Company F, captain, John B. Preston; 
first lieutenant, Isaac Tichenor; second lieutenant, Samuel H. Ingham. Company G, captain, 
Everett W. Foster of Wabasha; first lieutenant, Ezra B. Eddy; second lieutenant, John C. Devereux. 
Company H, captain, Benjamin F. Rice of Mankato; first lieutenant, David Misner; second lieu 
tenant, Isaac Taylor. Company I, captain, Christopher C. Andrews of St. Cloud; first lieutenant, 
Joseph H. Swan of Le Sueur; second lieutenant, Damon Greenleaf. Company K, captain, Mark 
W. Clay of Olmsted county; first lieutenant, James L. Hodges; second lieutenant, Cyrene H. 
Blakeley. 



148 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

number. Every company was allowed to have eighty-two privates, which was 
the maximum number. Usually the number of privates in a company varied 
between the minimum and maximum. The largest company in the Third Eegi- 
ment, as first organized, was G, which had seventy-six privates. The aggre 
gate strength of the regiment, including all officers and men, at the date of its 
organization, November 15th, was nine hundred and one. Company officers of 
infantry regiments always marched afoot with their companies, but the field and 
staff officers, colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, adjutant, quartermaster, sur 
geon, assistant surgeon and chaplain, also non-commissioned staff sergeant 
major, quartermaster sergeant, commissary sergeant and hospital steward, were 
mounted. 

Never again was the line of the Third Eegiment so long as it was on the one 
or two occasions that it turned out on dress parade at the early November sun 
set, just before leaving Fort Snelling. Everyone wore the light blue overcoat 
with cape. And the line! it was a brigade, compared with its numbers on 
some subsequent occasions. As soon as a regiment gets into the field its num 
bers present for duty rapidly decline for awhile. Men who are competent as 
clerks will be detailed away at offices of the staff and headquarters; some will 
be detailed as teamsters and some as nurses; many more will be sick. 

It was an uncommonly clear and beautiful day, Saturday, Nov. 17, 1861, that 
the Third Eegiment, under command of Lieutenant Colonel Smith, embarked at 
Eort Snelling for its Southern field of duty. The boats were detained several hours 
at the Mendota sand-bar, and did not reach the upper landing in St. Paul till 
afternoon; the regiment there debarked, marched up Eagle street to Third, down 
Third to Jackson, and thence to the lower levee and re-embarked on the three 
steamboats, Northern Belle, City Belle and Frank Steele. It arrived at La 
Crosse at 7 A. M. Sunday, left there at noon on a train of twenty-five cars, and at 
Portgage partook of a generous supper tendered by the ladies. It left Chicago 
Monday noon, arrived at Jeffersonville, Ind,, Tuesday morning, November 19th, 
the same day crossed the Ohio Eiver to Louisville, where it was treated to a fine 
lunch served by prominent Union people of that city. It had been greeted with 
cordial expressions of sympathy by large crowds at various cities in its progress, 
and particularly at La Fayette, Ind. After lunch at Louisville it marched 
five miles out on the Oakland turnpike to Camp Jenkins, where it was at 
tached to a brigade commanded by General Mitchell. It there remained about 
two weeks, during which time it was supplied with arms and equipments, the 
former being a poor lot of Belgian muskets; also, with army wagons and teams. 
At that time a six-mule wagon was allowed to each company, one for headquar 
ters, one for the hospital, and probably a few more for quartermaster supplies. 
The following year transportation was reduced to six wagons for a regiment, and 
later still, when the army got down to business, to several less. Even at Camp 
Jenkins, regimental, company and squad drill was diligently practiced. 

Leaving Camp Jenkins December 6th it first marched to Louisville and 
then out on the road toward Shepherdsville, camped at 3 o clock P. M., and ar- 

The following was the list of officers at the date of the regiment s discharge: Colonel, Hans 
Mattson; lieutenant colonel, James B. Hoit; adjutant, P. E. Folsom; surgeon, A. C. Wedge; 
assistant surgeons, M. R. Greeley and Naham Bixby; quartermaster, Bonde Olson. Company A, 
captain, Otto F. Dreher; first lieutenant, N. C. Parker. Company B, captain, J. F. Fuller; first 
lieutenant, H. D. Pettibone. Company C, captain, J. M. Morau; first lieutenant, A. J. Borland. 
Company D, captain, J. A. Vanstrum; first lieutenant, E. T. Champlin. Company E, captain, 
G. W. Knight; first lieutenant, A. C. Pease. Company F, captain, W. F. Morse; first lieuten 
ant, Thomas Hunter. Company G, captain, L. C. Hancock; first lieutenant, Eben North. Company 
H, captain, G. L. Jameson; first lieutenant, Jonas Lindall. Company I, captain, W. G. J. Akers; 
first lieutenant, N. B. Johnson. Company K, captain, J. L. Hodges; -first lieutenant, J. W. 
Kirby. In addition to the above the following promotions were made and commissions issued, 
but for want of full quota in the ranks the appointees had not been mustered: Captain J. A. Van- 
strum, major; First Lieutenant Bonde Olson, captain; First Lieutenant A. J. Borland, quarter 
master; First Sergeant Philip Quigley, first lieutenant; First Sergeant James Boardman, first 
lieutenant; Sergeant Major H. W. Donaldson and First Sergeants H. J. McKee, Lewis Parker, 
Peter Lund berg, Patrick Maloy, J. N. Martin, David Thompson, J. O. Crummet, and Commissary 
Sergeant A. Eastman, all second lieutenants. 



NARRATIVE OF THE THIRD REGIMENT. 149 

rived at Shepherdsville, on the Louisville & Nashville railroad, at 4 P. M. the 
next day. With six companies at the latter place and four at Lebanon Junction 
it was charged with the responsibility of guarding against injury the railroad 
and turnpike bridges at Shepherdsville, of holding Lebanon Junction, and of 
guarding the bridge over Wilson s Creek a few miles in advance of the Junction. 
It was brigaded with the Thirteenth and Fifteenth Kentucky and Ninth Michi 
gan regiments as the Sixteenth Brigade of the Army of the Ohio. At this time 
General Buell had just relieved General Sherman of the command of the Depart 
ment of the Ohio, headquarters at Louisville. General George H. Thomas with 
a small force was at Peach Orchard, Lincoln county, eighty miles southeast of 
Shepherdsville; while the principal TJnion force was on Nolin Creek (near Abra 
ham Lincoln s native spot), sixty miles south of Shepherdsville, under General 
McCook. In his front at Bowling Green was General Albert Sidney Johnston 
with 19,000 Confederates. The Confederates also held Columbus, Ky. The 
armies in the field on both sides were constantly being reinforced, and a battle 
seemed impending. 

At Shepherdsville the colonel, Henry C. Lester, who had been a captain in 
the First Minnesota, arrived from the Army of the Potomac, and took command 
of the regiment. He was a man of prepossessing appearance, being of average 
height, strongly built, with a fine intellectual head and pleasant black eyes, and 
proved to be a well-informed, modest and hospitable gentleman. He at once 
started an evening school of tactics and the manual of arms for the commissioned 
officers, and organized that instruction and drill which, rigidly adhered to for 
many months, gradually brought the regiment to an unusually high degree of 
discipline and efficiency. This, with his care for the material wants of the men, 
and his uniformly just and dignified conduct, won for him. the admiration of 
officers and enlisted men alike, so that probably the very misfortune of the 13th 
of July following was partly owing to such an extreme confidence of some of the 
company commanders in him as to deprive them of independent judgment in 
that crisis. Headquarters were shortly moved to Belmont, a deserted iron- 
producing village, whose vacant workmen s cottages afforded ample shelter. It 
was a hilly, brush- wooded, and lean region, but had enough level ground for 
knapsack battalion drill. Four companies were separately detached a week at 
a time, guarding railroad bridges at Elizabethtown, Colesburg, Lebanon Junc 
tion and Shepherdsville. There were thus always six companies at the main 
camp being habitually exercised two hours every afternoon in battalion drill. 
Each company, likewise, wherever stationed, spent two hours every forenoon 
in squad and company drill. In very wet weather the manual of arms and mark 
ing time were practiced under cover. One of the first things the colonel did afc 
Belmont was to establish a bakery, by which the regiment was supplied with 
excellent bread. The bugle band which he organized, and compared with which 
the ordinary brass band is but parlor music, was a novel and attractive feature. 
To make sure that commissioned officers would not shirk the morning roll call, 
which was at daylight, company commanders were required to immediately re 
port the result of it, in person, at headquarters, which was frequently done be 
fore the adjutant was up. Company D, being mostly Swedes, followed the 
practice in the Swedish army of singing the "Doxology" immediately after the 
evening roll call, and it sounded so well and seemed so appropriate that Com 
pany I, which was camped nearest to D, adopted the same practice. No one 
will forget the thin pies that were brought into camp and sold by poor country 
people. But those, probably, will have the pleasantest recollection of the pies 
who enjoyed them by the exquisite sense of sight. Once, as a company officer 
was about visiting Louisville, he was authorized by the colonel to call on the 
commanding general to see if better muskets could be had. General Buell, a 
large and fine-looking man, in the prime of life, was found in his rooms in the 
Gait House, in the evening, at work in his shirt sleeves. He asked a number of 
questions about the regiment, the answers to which appeared to gratify him, and 
a few days afterward it received a supply of rifle muskets that were entirely 
satisfactory. 



150 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

Even before quitting Belinont the regiment could well have been taken for a 
regular army regiment for the precision of its movements, general appearance 
and adherence to regulations. Even the leather neck-stock was not disdained, 
though finally it had a peculiar tendency for getting lost. The brass plates on 
the belts and equipments, the bugles and eagles on the hats, also the shoulder- 
scales, were as bright as gold. An enlisted man of the Third in full uniform, 
and especially with his shoulder-scales, was more striking than a commissioned 
officer, and was sometimes taken by the citizens for an officer of high rank. It 
was partly the effect of those gleaming shoulder-scales upon the plain people, 
probably, that caused the men to be so frequently invited out to tea. At the 
colonel s request (for not being required by regulations it could not be ordered), 
all the men, at their own expense, provided themselves with white cotton gloves 
to wear on parade, on guard duty, and at inspections. Here and there would 
be a few so averse to everything like style that they were slow to adopt the prac 
tice, and to see just these very men, after some weeks, washing their gloves, 
showed that willing spirit which is the source of good discipline. 

The flank operations of the Union forces up the Tennessee and Cumberland 
rivers, crowned with the victory of Fort Donelson, caused the retreat of the 
Confederate armies from Kentucky, and even to the southern borders of Ten 
nessee. The general forward movement consequent took our regiment to Nash 
ville, where, March 24, 1862, it went into camp, in Sibley tents, on the Ewing 
place, two miles out of the city, near the Murfreesboro pike. It performed guard 
duty in the city, and watched the railroad bridge at Mill Creek. It made a very 
good impression at Nashville, was visited and reviewed at its camp by Andrew 
Johnson, then military governor of Tennessee, and by him addressed in an elabo 
rate oration on the great theme of the Union. At his invitation the regiment 
visited Nashville, was there welcomed by him as governor, and conducted by 
him in person around the spacious marble paved veranda of Tennessee s beau 
tiful capitol. 

April 27th, twenty days after the battle of Shiloh, and the same day our 
armies under Halleck began a cautious movement against Beauregard s lines 
at Corinth, we marched for Murfreesboro, a town in the heart of Tennessee, 
whence radiate eleven highways, some of which were good macadamized pikes. 
It contained a depot of supplies; also, was a place requiring much picket duty. 
The first camp was about a mile below the town, on open land, watered by a 
clear stream, and in the vicinity were some fir or cypress thickets. The country 
around Murfreesboro is a natural park; the surface is undulating, well watered, 
with here and there groves and open forests of hardwood. There were frequent 
rumors of expected attacks. Sometimes one company, sometimes two companies, 
would be posted out on a road all night as a picket reserve. One night, when 
the whole regiment, in perfect silence, took position out on one of the roads, an 
attack was regarded as certain. We had a good position and some field guns, 
and thought, as we waited there in the darkness, we had a sure thing on the 
enemy; but he did not come. It was at Murfreesboro that we drilled in street 
firing. With Kentucky regiments and the Ninth Michigan we also practiced 
brigade drill under Colonel Duffield, in the field where Jefferson Davis after 
ward reviewed a Confederate army. May 17th moved by rail, via Nashville and 
Franklin, to Columbia, Tenn., in the centre of a garden region, but returned 
in a few days to Murfreesboro and camped in the outskirts of the southeast part of 
the town. It was while the regiment was in that camp that a false alarm of an 
attack was raised by Company I practicing target firing. One afternoon this 
company went out with its captain about a mile south of camp, yet inside the 
picket lines, and engaged in target firing, which was not a very unusual proceed 
ing. However, an alarm was caused, and the troops called out. Suddenly, Com 
pany I saw, with amazement, two lines of our own cavalry approaching in line of 
battle through the open timber from opposite directions. One of the lines was just 
ready to charge, but its commander fortunately took in the situation in time to 
prevent the movement. Target firing ceased for that afternoon, and when Com 
pany I marched into camp it was greeted with more or less cries of * Guard 
house!" "Guard house!" from wags in neighboring companies. 



MURFREESBORO THE SURRENDER. 151 

Shortly after the return from Columbia, Lieutenant Colonel Smith, an 
esteemed officer, resigned on account of ill health, and was succeeded by Major 
Griggs, who had been promoted on the resignation, May 1st, of Major Hadley. 

June llth the regiment moved with the expedition (column of 3,000 with 
about eight hundred cavalry), under General Duinont, to Pikeville, Colonel 
Lester having immediate command of the troops. Marched the first forty 
miles to McMinnville in twenty-four hours. Pikeville was reached the 14th 
of June, and the column got back to Murfreesboro the 18th. The Cumberland 
Mountains were thus twice rapidly crossed amid intense heat and dust. The 
regiment first resumed its former camp, but soon moved to the level ground 
on the southeast suburbs of the town, near the Ninth Michigan; yet on account 
of its overflow during heavy rains, it moved out near the Nashville pike, on Stone 
Eiver, nearly two miles distant, on the opposite side of Murfreesboro. 

MURFREESBORO THE SURRENDER. 

The Government deemed it of very great importance to redeem east Ten 
nessee; and after our forces gained possession of Corinth, the last of May, General 
Buell, who had gained brilliant laurels at Shiloh, was selected to conduct an 
army to Chattanooga. He acted under instructions from General Halleck, who 
was at Corinth till July 16th. General Buell was also at Corinth till June llth, 
but toward the last of the month fixed his headquarters at Huntsville, in 
northern Alabama, on the railroad from Memphis to Chattanooga. He continued 
busy preparing for his campaign. It took sixty wagons for one day s supply 
of provisions and forage for his army of 90,000, of whom 67,000, though not 
in one body, were present for duty. It was of vital importance that he should 
have the Nashville & Chattanooga railroad (via Murfreesboro and Steven 
son) in operation, but in addition to that he undertook the repair of the 
railroad running from Memphis to Chattanooga. He was told by Halleck, 
July 10th, that the president was not satisfied with his progress, and that 
he ought to move more rapidly. He replied that his arrangements were 
being pushed as rapidly as possible; that the reports of General Mitchell, who 
had charge of some of the railroad repairs, had led him to expect that the Chat 
tanooga road would be completed by the 1st of July; that he had doubled the 
force on it, and it could not be finished before July 14th. By July 12th, how 
ever, the day before Forrest captured Murfreesboro, preparations were so ad 
vanced that he appears to have been on the eve of moving. On that date 
Wood s division was ordered to march the following day to Stevenson; the 
quartermaster and commissary at Nashville were ordered to send through sup 
plies to Stevenson the following day. But, alas! though now, apparently, on the 
eve of moving, his campaign never was accomplished. The Confederates knew 
his plans. They had possession of east Tennessee, but their force at Chatta 
nooga was inferior to his, and as Bragg s reinforcements could not begin to 
arrive there for two weeks, or before July 27th, they sent Morgan into Kentucky 
and Forrest against Murfreesboro to cut Buell s lines of communication and 
delay his movement. The Confederate general, E. Kirby Smith, writing near 
Knoxville July 14th, says: " Colonel Forrest, with three regiments, was sent 
into middle Tennessee to delay Buell s movement till Bragg s columns make 
their appearance." Unhappily, BuelFs army was so held in check by this and 
succeeding raids (for Forrest, encouraged fry his capture of Murfreesboro, made 
another raid a week afterward, destroying three bridges nine miles from Nash 
ville), that the Confederates not only gained all the time they wanted to throw 
reinforcements into Chattanooga, but actually to take the offensive and strike 
out boldly for Louisville. Then began that race toward the Ohio, of the armies 
under Buell and Bragg, culminating October 9th in the battle of Perry ville. 

Turning now to the attack of July 13th on our forces at Murfreesboro and 
the part which the Third Minnesota played in that affair, it is to be noticed 
that the regiment at that time formed a part of the Twenty-third Brigade, com 
manded by Colonel W. W. Duffield of the Ninth Michigan, and which was under 
orders to march to McMinnville about July 18th. The other regiments of the 



152 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

brigade were the Ninth. Michigan, the Eighth and Twenty-third Kentucky, the 
two last being respectively at Wartrace and Pnlaski. For two months Colonel 
Duffield had been absent on leave, during which time Colonel Lester had been 
in command of the brigade and other forces at Murfreesboro, leaving Lieutenant 
Colonel Griggs in command of the Third. But a day or two before the 13th, 
Duffield had returned and resumed the brigade command, and Colonel Lester had 
resumed command of the Third Regiment. Likewise, General T. T. Crittenden 
of Indiana, who had been promoted for gallantry at Shiloh, had arrived at 
Murfreesboro July llth, and taken command of the post the forenoon of July 
12th. The force of enlisted men fit for duty at Murfreesboro was fully 1,000. 
Forrest reported that the whole number of enlisted men captured, taken to 
McMinnville and paroled, was between 1,100 and 1,200. Our forces, how 
ever, were separated. There were five companies, two hundred and fifty 
strong, of the Ninth Michigan in camp three- fourths of a mile east of the town, 
on the Liberty turnpike (another company of the Ninth Michigan, forty-two 
strong, occupied the court house as provost guard). Near the camp of the Ninth 
Michigan were eighty men of the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry under Major 
Seibert, also eighty -one men of the Fourth Kentucky Cavalry under Captain 
Chilson. More than a mile distant, on the other side of the town, on undulating, 
rocky and shaded ground near Stone River, were nine companies of the Third 
Minnesota, five hundred strong; near it, also, two sections four guns of Hew 
itt s Kentucky Field Artillery with sixty-four men for duty. Forty-five men of 
Company C, Third Regiment, under Lieutenant Grummons. had gone the after 
noon of July 12th as guard on a supply railway train to Shelby ville, and had 
not returned the 13th. Murfreesboro, as we have seen, was on the Nashville & 
Chattanooga railroad. Its principal business buildings were in a large square 
in the centre of which was the court house. We had at Murfreesboro valuable 
military stores, and it is somewhat remarkable that none of the commanding 
generals had directed the construction of any fortifications or even a stockade, 
although about that time General Buell began to issue orders for building stock 
ades at railroad bridges, and after he had regained possession of Murfreesboro 
caused some fortifications to be built there. 

July 12th, the day before Forrest s attack, General Buell, from Huntsville, 
telegraphed Halleck: " Information from various quarters leaves but little room 
to doubt that a heavy cavalry force is being thrown across from Chattanooga to 
operate in middle Tennessee and Kentucky. 7 The same date Captain O. D. 
Greene, Buell s adjutant at Nashville, telegraphed from there to General Buell s 
headquarters at Huntsville, as follows: "A heavy movement is taking place 
upba Murfreesboro, via McMinnville, from Chattanooga. Over 2,000 cavalry 
under General Forrest had already crossed the river at Chattanooga when 
my informant left to-day week." Why was this information not sent prompt 
ly to Murfreesboro? There were rumors that some such information was sent 
there before July 13th. Anyhow, we all got notice of the movement at day 
break Sunday morning, July 13th. Forrest having come on a forced march 
from Woodbury, captured our picket guard without resistance and dashed into 
Murfreesboro that morning with a mounted force of about 1,500 men, a part 
of which charged first upon the camp of the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, 
then re-formed and charged upon the Ninth Michigan Infantry, which made 
a very gallant defense in line of bat!le and repulsed repeated charges. Many 
of the Ninth Michigan fell by the enemy s first charge, and its loss during the 
day, including that of the company at the court house, was eleven killed and 
eighty-nine wounded. The enemy suffered considerable loss in that part of the 
town, including a colonel killed, up to about noon, when the Ninth Michigan 
surrendered. General Crittenden was captured at his quarters, in a house in 
town, at about eight o clock. Almost simultaneous with the first attack a part 
of Forrest s force moved toward the Third Minnesota, which, however, had 
sprung up at the first sound of the firing, formed into line, Colonel Lester in 
command, and with two guns of Hewitt s battery on each flank, marched in the 
direction of Murfreesboro. It had gone not more than an eighth of a mile, 



MURFREESBORO THE SURRENDER. 153 

arriving at an open piece of ground in front of Murfree s large frame house, 
when about three hundred of the enemy were perceived through the fog five 
hundred yards distant and a little to the left, approaching in a gallop from the 
town. They were moving in some disorder and appeared to fall back soon after 
the Third Eegiinent came in sight. The latter was immediately brought for 
ward into line, and in a few moments Hewitt s artillery was in position and 
opened fire. The enemy soon retired out of sight, and in course of half an hour 
the Third Eegiment advanced in line six hundred yards, over a piece of grass 
land which had been its drill ground and sloping a little toward Stone Eiver, 
there crooked and tree-skirted, to a somewhat commanding position at 
the edge of a large body of brush and open timber extending toward Murfrees- 
boro. The regiment s right rested near the Nashville pike. Skirmishers were 
deployed in the woods. A Parrott gun was placed so as to have complete range 
for nearly a mile down this road toward Murfreesboro. The other guns were 
six-pounders, and continued to fire wherever the enemy was supposed to be. 
During the forenoon about three hundred rounds were fired by the four guns of 
Hewitt s battery, the greater part of them appearing to have been at random. 
Some, however, did good execution, killing or wounding the enemy when he 
dared to come in sight, worrying and dispersing him when he attempted to form 
in the woods, also making him desist from an attempt to tear up the railroad. 
Up to this hour the only ground of discontent that had ever existed in the Third 
Eegiment was that it had never had an opportunity to fight. Probably no regi 
ment was ever more eager to meet the enemy in battle than was the Third Min 
nesota on that occasion. Yet while it was there in line of battle from daylight 
till about noon, impatiently waiting for the enemy to approach, or, what was 
better, to be led against him, he was assailing an inferior force of our comrades 
near by, and wantonly destroying valuable United States commissary and quarter 
master stores in town, which we were all bound in honor to protect. The regi 
ment was kept standing or lying motionless hour after hour, even while plainly 
seeing the smoke rising from our burning depot of supplies. While Colonel 
Lester sat upon his horse at his proper post in rear of the line, different officers 
approached and asked him, in tone of entreaty, if he would not march the regi 
ment into town. He replied, "We will see." 

In course of the morning Mr. A. B. Cornell, acting sutler (previously news 
paper editor at Owatonna), having exchanged clothing with a prisoner, with 
great courage and energy, went across fields and communicated with the com 
manding officer of the Ninth Michigan, and brought to Colonel Lester informa 
tion of the severe loss the Ninth Michigan had sustained, and that it would 
endeavor to hold its position. Only once did any of Forrest s forces venture 
within musket range of the main line of the Third Eegiment. About eight 
o clock a Georgia regiment formed down in the woods to charge, but only two 
of its companies persevered in the charge, and they, finding they could not 
move a man in our line, galloped off as rapidly as possible to our left, suffering 
some loss. The effect of this was to increase the ardor and confidence of our 
men. The casualties that occurred to this main body of the regiment were in 
having three men wounded, two in Company E while deployed as skirmishers, 
and one in Company H while standing in line of battle. About the time of the 
attempted charge just mentioned, or between seven and eight o clock, a consider 
able force, which, as will be seen, was under Forrest s immediate command, 
made three assaults upon the camp of the Third Eegiment, now out of sight 
and half a mile distant in the rear, and which was defended by a camp guard 
of about twenty men, a few convalescents, teamsters and cooks. In that strug 
gle, which we will let General Forrest s historian describe later on, several fell 
on both sides. The camp was finally taken, the officers tents and property 
burned, and the ground hastily abandoned by the enemy. The firing at the 
camp had been plainly heard by the regiment, and while it was occurring Cap 
tain Hoit went to the colonel and asked, but was refused, permission to go with 
his company (B) to the protection of the camp. 



154 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

While the regiment was in line Surgeons Butler and Wedge established a 
hospital tent at a quiet place near Stone River, and there treated the wounded 
on both sides. About noon the Third Regiment and Hewitt s battery deliber 
ately retired to the ample front yard, having shrubbery and trees inclosed by a 
fence, at Murfree s house, and which, from its rather commanding situation, was 
a good position. [This house is shown on the map of the battlefield of Stone 
River, in Gen. Sheridan s memoirs. The Third Regiment camp was on the 
next spur in the rear of the house.] In the rear were several farm buildings. 
Refreshments were there taken, coffee having been brought from the company 
kitchens. Not a few had blackberries with their lunch. Up to this time the 
men thought they had not been having much more than a picnic. At about 
half-past one o clock, when we had present in the Third Regiment some five 
hundred effective men, well armed, in good spirits and eager fora fight, also 
with us four pieces of field artillery, well manned and with a fair supply of am 
munition, a white flag appeared over the brow of rising ground near where the 
regiment had been in line, which proved to be a request for our colonel to go 
into Murfreesboro for a consultation with Colonel Duffield. Forrest, as stated 
in his carefully prepared and published memoirs of his campaigns, on that oc 
casion " ostentatiously displayed his several commands along the path Colonel 
Lester was led in going to and returning from the interview with Duffield, so as 
to make an appearance of greater numbers than were really present." Forrest 
at the time was generally credited with having had a force of 2,500. [In his 
official report, published in the u Rebellion Record," he says his force was 
about 1,400 besides "some few volunteers" meaning citizens.] But a force 
of even 2,000 mounted men in one body was very uncommon. General Grier- 
son when he made his celebrated raid through Mississippi had only 1,700 men. 
Nothing is easier than to overestimate the numbers of a cavalry column. After 
deducting Forrest s loss in killed and wounded, and the different detachments 
he had sent off to guard prisoners and transportation, it is doubtful if he had 
over 1,000 effective men with whom to engage the Third Regiment that 
afternoon. His failure throughout the day to make any serious attack on the 
main body of our regiment satisfied the most of us that we had no cause to fear 
him. It is very doubtful if he would have made any further attack. Indeed, 
it is stated in his "Campaigns," just referred to, that about noon and previous 
to the capture of the Ninth Michigan, l Among many of his officers there was 
manifest a perilous want of confidence in the ability of the command to triumph. 
So far did this spirit reach that some of the officers urged Forrest to rest content 
with what had been accomplished and quit the fielcf without further, and, as 
they were satisfied, fruitless yet costly efforts to carry the federal position." 

Unfortunately, however, the result of Colonel Lester s visit was that he be 
came strongly inclined to surrender the regiment, which he finally did between 
three and four o clock, and utterly to its amazement, regret and grief. 

Colonel Lester, in his report addressed to Lieutenant H. M. Duffield, acting 
assistant adjutant general, Twenty-third Brigade (and brother of Colonel Duf 
field, commander of the brigade), says: " While taking up our new position a 
flag of truce appeared, borne by yourself, and sent at the request of Colonel Duf 
field, commanding Twenty-third Brigade, for the purpose of procuring an inter 
view with me. I returned to town with the flag, had an interview with the 
colonel commanding, in which I learned that we were attacked by the rebel gen 
eral Forrest, with a brigade of cavalry. Learning from the colonel that the 
enemy were in overwhelming force, and that, even should the road be uninjured, 
the forces at Nashville were absent upon an expedition and that there was no 
hope of reinforcements, at his suggestion I agreed to refer the matter of sur 
render to my officers. Accordingly the matter was represented to them as de 
rived from Colonel Duffield, and the great majority looking upon further resist 
ance as involving the certainty of an ultimate defeat with great loss, and with 
no possibility of an escape or assistance, it was decided to surrender, which was 
done at 3:30 P.M." 



MURFREESBORO THE SURRENDER. 155 

Colonel Duffield, though regarded as an able man, was at the time of this in 
terview a prisoner and suffering from a painful wound, and his views were not 
entitled to great weight. But Colonel Lester s representations of his views is 
confirmed by the fact that Colonel Duffield s brother, Lieutenant Duffield, who 
came to our regiment with the flag, earnestly expressed himself in favor of our 
being surrendered. Captain Hewitt, commanding the two sections of the Ken 
tucky artillery, also earnestly advocated a surrender. The statement of General 
T. T. Crittenden in his report is also true, that on the first vote of our company 
commanders and the lieutenant colonel, which was open, a majority voted to fight; 
that one or more left the council and returned to their companies; that Colonel 
Lester afterward reopened and reargued the matter; that a vote by ballot was 
then taken, resulting in a majority for surrender. But it is well known that 
Lieutenant Colonel Griggs and two company commanders in that ballot voted, 
as they had strongly counseled throughout, to fight. Major Mattson was absent, 
sick. The council was public and informal, in the front yard of Murfree s house, 
and the commanders of all the companies in the regiment were present except 
First Lieutenant Yanstrum of Company D, who was with his company. The first 
vote was by a show of hands, and those who voted against the surrender were 
Lieutenant Colonel Griggs and Captains Foster, Andrews and Hoit, and Lieu 
tenant Taylor, commanding Company H. Two captains did not vote, and the 
result was four for surrender and five against. A request was made that all 
should vote. Thereupon the colonel reopened the discussion, stating the rea 
sons which induced him to favor surrender. Other officers briefly expressed 
their views, some earnestly against, others for, surrender, and among the latter 
some lieutenants who had no vote. Forrest even at that time had a reputation 
for being tricky as well as for effrontery. His presuming to demand the surren 
der of the Third Eegiment, which he had not dared to attack, was scouted as a 
piece of impudent bravado. l The disgrace of surrender was then and there just 
as strongly felt, pointed out, denounced and protested against as it ever could 
have been since. But, "Who can control his fate?" Up to that day Colonel 
Lester and his regiment had been uncommonly fortunate. His prospects were 
brilliant. He was immensely popular in his regiment and in his state. Yet how 
often it is the case that the highest good fortune is succeeded by the deepest mis 
fortune. 

The colonel proposed there should be a final vote by ballot; but meantime 
Captain Foster and Lieutenant Taylor had gone to their respective companies, 
and there were only three officers who voted against surrender, namely, Lieu 
tenant Colonel Griggs, Captain Andrews and Captain Hoit. Six voted to surren 
der. Lieutenant Vanstrum was on his way to the council, and, not knowing that 
it was over, stopped and wrote a ballot opposing surrender on a piece of paper 
which he held against a tree and handed it to Colonel Lester, who, however, told 
him it was too late, as the council was over. 

Some of the stories that were circulated in Minnesota after the surrender, 
such, for example, as that one of the officers who opposed surrender broke his 
sword, and that the colonel was actuated by corrupt or disloyal motives, were 
without any foundation. General Buell characterized the surrender in general 
orders as one of the most disgraceful examples in the history of wars. The an 
nouncement of surrender was received by the men with sorrow and indignation 
too deep for utterance. They silently, though with tears in their eyes, gave up 
the well-kept arms which, through many months of hard service, they had hon 
ored. When the Confederate officers came up and saw the number of the men, their 
excellent muskets and equipments, and especially when, in column by compa 
nies, the regiment marched off with measured step toward Murfreesboro, it was 
plain to see in the countenances of the Confederates an expression of astonish 
ment as well as delight at the capture they had so cheaply made. 

1 Lieut. Col. J. G. Parkhurst, commanding the Ninth Michigan, in his official report quotes the 
written demand which Forrest made for the surrender of that regiment, and in which he used the 
unusual and unmilitary language as follows: " I must demand an unconditional surrender of your 
force as prisoners of war or I will have every man put to the sword." Substantially such a demand 
was communicated to the Third. 



156 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

After the surrender, several officers of the regiment, with General Forrest, 
went through our camp and observed the burned remnants of the officers tents 
and personal property. The aggregate loss must have been considerable, as most 
of the officers lost everything but the every -day clothing they had on. Probably 
none of them ever made a claim or received any compensation for. any loss of 
property on that occasion. Forrest was a man over six feet in height, with mus 
cular frame, had regular features, black hair, very dark complexion, and deep 
blue eyes, was serious, and used very few words. 

Let us now notice the Confederate account of this affair, and especially of the 
fight at the camp, when the regiment was half a mile away, given in the work 
before referred to Generals Jordan and Pryor s history of General Forrest s 
campaigns, a narrative which General Forrest himself pronounced authentic. 
It is there stated that Forrest, who at that time, it seems, had not received his 
commission as brigadier general, on July 6th began to cross the Tennessee River 
at Chattanooga, with about 1,000 cavalry Eighth Texas, 400; Second Georgia, 
450; battalion of Tennesseeans under Major Baxter Smith, 120, and two companies 
of Kentuckians. He reached Altamont, near the summit of the Cumberlands, the 
10th; formed junction with Colonel Morrison and his battalion, some three hun 
dred strong, the evening of the llth, at a point ten miles northeast of Sparta, and 
reached Woodbury, eighteen miles from Murfreesboro, "with somewhat above 
thirteen hundred men," at eleven o clock the night of the 12th. That on the 
morning of the 13th, after the combat with the Mnth Michigan, " Forrest made 
his dispositions immediately to attack the Third Minnesota, reported to be en 
camped on the east bank of Stone River, about one mile and a half from the town. 
On reaching the encampment it was found comparatively evacuated, the federals 
having just moved out in the direction of Murfreesboro to join their comrades in 
that quarter. Forrest s force assembled for this affair consisted of the Georgians, 
Major Smith s Tennesseeans, the Kentucky squadron, and some twenty men under 
Paul F. Anderson. Seeing the Confederates approach, the federals, then about 
six hundred yards southward of their camp, halted and formed in line of battle, 
some nine companies of infantry and four pieces of artillery. Directing the 
Georgians to confront and menace the enemy and engage with skirmishers, taking 
Major Smith with his men, including the Kentuckians and three companies of 
Morrison s Georgians under Major Harper, Forrest pushed rapidly around to 
the right and rear of the encampment, which proved to be still occupied by about 
one hundred men, posted behind a strong barricade of wagons and some large 
limestone ledges, which afforded excellent cover, difficult to carry. He there 
upon ordered a charge, Majors Smith and Harper leading their men. They were 
met, however, with a stubborn, brave defense. Twice, indeed, the Confederates 
were repulsed. But Forrest, drawing his men up for a third effort, made a brief 
appeal to their manhood, and putting himself at the head of the column, the 
charge was again ordered, this time with success." 

We thus see, from Forrest sown account of the combat, written soon after 
the war, that the little camp guard of the Third Minnesota, numbering about 
twenty, with convalescents, teamsters and cooks, gallantly repulsed two separate 
charges of fully four times their number, led by two field officers, and were only 
defeated after a third charge led by Forrest in person. That was a fair sample 
of the fighting qualities of the Third Minnesota, and no one well acquainted with 
the regiment has ever doubted that had an opportunity been afforded it would 
have engaged Forrest s whole force with the same heroic valor. The brave 
corporal, Charles H. Greene of Company I, who rallied our little force at the 
camp, did not yield until he had received a severe saber cut on his head and two 
bullet wounds, one of which was mortal. He lived but two hours; and while lying 
at the point of death, at the camp, described the combat to his captain sub 
stantially as stated in Forrest s memoirs. Private V. Woodburn of Company 
C was also killed in that action and nine others wounded. The Confederate loss 
there has never been reported, but the Third men, who fought from cover, in 
sisted that ten were killed besides several wounded. Corporal Greene had 
formerly served in the regular army and was every inch a soldier. His home 



MURFREESBORO THE SURRENDER. 157 

and family at that time were in Morrison county, Minnesota, and a prairie and 
township there have since been named in his honor. 

It will be of peculiar interest here to refer to the criticism which General 
Grant in his memoirs has made of General BuelFs failure to march into east 
Tennessee. We have seen that Buell, to prepare for his movement, had under 
taken not only to rebuild the Nashville & Chattanooga railroad, which was 
ready July 12th, but also the railroad from Memphis to Chattanooga, which was 
not yet quite ready. General Grant thought that his waiting to repair the latter 
railroad was a great mistake, and that the road from Nashville to Chattanooga 
(via Murfreesboro) was sufficient for his purpose. He says if General Buell 
"had been sent directly to Chattanooga as rapidly as he could march, leaving 
two or three divisions along the line of the railroad from Nashville forward, he 
could have arrived with but little fighting and would have saved much of the 
loss of life which was afterward incurred in gaining Chattanooga, Bragg would 
then not have had time to raise an army to contest the possession of middle 
and east Tennessee and Kentucky; and the battles of Stone Eiver and Chicka- 
mauga would not necessarily have been fought; Burnside would not have been 
besieged in Knoxville without the power of helping himself or escaping; the 
battle of Chattanooga would not have been fought. * * * The positive results 
might have been a bloodless advance to Atlanta, to Vicksburg, or to any other 
desired point south of Corinth in the interior of Mississippi. 7 If the conse 
quences of BuelPs failure to take Chattanooga were so momentous, then a deep 
interest will always attach to whatever retarded his movement and especially to 
the reverse at Murfreesboro. It may be saying too much to attribute Buell s 
failure solely to that disaster. One of its immediate effects, however, was to put 
his army on half- rations. It compelled him to send a division under Nelson to 
reoccupy Murfreesboro, and two brigades of Wood s division, by forced marches, 
from Decatur to Shelby ville. The use of the railroad was set back two weeks. 
If the forces under Forrest July 13th had been thoroughly whipped and routed, 
as they ought to have been, and as they would have been had the Third Minne 
sota had a chance to engage them, it can hardly be doubted that General Buell 
would have seasonably put his army in motion and that it would have accom 
plished its object. 1 

Immediately after the surrender the regiment was marched rapidly to 
McMinn ville. From there the commissioned officers, except Captain Mills and 
Lieutenants Hodges and Taylor, who had escaped, were taken, via Sparta and 
Knoxville, to Madison, Ga., and there kept in a Confederate prison a cot 
ton factory building three months, when they were taken to Libby Prison, 
Eichmond, and paroled. Most of the other prisoners at Madison at the time 
were commissioned officers who had been captured with General Prentiss at 
Shiloh. The non-commissioned officers and enlisted men of the regiment were 
paroled at McMinnville and then, under a Confederate officer, marched back to 
Murfreesboro, already reoccupied by a division under General Nelson. That 
brave but impetuous officer hotly berated the men for the surrender as if it had 
been their fault. Arriving at Nashville they were desired, in violation of their 
parole, to take arms to help defend the place in case of an attack. Eefusing to 
do this, they were ordered into camp in the outskirts of the city, and the next 
day a lot of old muskets were sent them with orders to detail a camp guard. 
Considering it a violation of their parole they refused to receive the arms. The 
humiliating manner in which they had been surrendered and the treatment they 
had since received, naturally tended to lessen their respect for commissioned 
officers and to impair their discipline. After staying at Nashville about a week 
they were sent, under command of Major Mattson, to Benton Barracks, going by 
railway to Louisville and thence by steamboat to St. Louis. They remained at 
Benton Barracks, under command of Lieutenant E. C. Olin, till called for service 
in the Indian campaign. 

x The official correspondence relating to the surrender of Murfreesboro may be found on pages 
792-811, chapter 28, "Rebellion Record." It is also frequently referred to in the voluminous testi 
mony taken before the "Buell Commission," published in "Rebellion Record," vol. 16, part 1. 



158 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

Lieutenant Grummons and the forty-five men of Company C were at Shelby- 
ville the morning of July 13th, and distinctly heard the firing at Murfreesboro; 
they returned by railway to the latter place, yet rather slowly, arriving at the 
railroad bridge, three miles or so below Murfreesboro, at about 3 o clock p. M. , 
finding a number of men of the Ninth Michigan on picket. The train went 
back for reinforcements; and toward evening, learning that their regiment 
had surrendered, Company C, though against the protest of some of the ser 
geants, marched in retreat along the railroad to Wartrace, arriving there at two 
in the morning. July 15th the detachment marched with four companies of the 
Ninth Michigan to Tullahoma. On the 17th Captain Mills joined it and took 
command. About the 22d it went to Murfreesboro and there remained several 
weeks, performing guard duty. It was then sent to Nashville in charge of some 
prisoners; there joined the Second Minnesota, with which it marched, in Gen 
eral Buell s army, to Louisville, and about the 1st of October, pursuant to in 
structions from the War Department, proceeded to Fort Snelling. 

INDIAN CAMPAIGN BATTLE OF TVOOD LAKE. 

But the regiment was destined soon to fly to the protection of its own Min 
nesota frontier. The Sioux Indian revolt and massacre commenced August 
18th. Authentic information of it reached St. Paul on the 19th. The same 
evening ex-Gov. Henry H. Sibley was appointed by the governor of Minne 
sota to conduct a military force against the hostile Sioux, and he started the 
next day with four companies of the Sixth Regiment for St. Peter. In com 
pliance with the request of Gov. Eamsey, Gen. Halleck, August 22d, instructed 
Gen. Schofield to send the Third Eegiment to Minnesota. The War Depart 
ment announced, August 27th, that the enlisted men of the regiment, as paroled 
prisoners, were fully exchanged. A high value, even in their disorganized con 
dition, was placed upon their service in the Indian campaign, and their arrival 
was anticipated with much interest. September 13th, Gen. Sibley, whose expe 
dition had reached Fort Eidgley, wrote that the Third Eegiment was within six 
or eight miles of his camp, "they having," he says, "made a rapid march to 
join me. 7 And on the 15th he writes that he has little fear that his raw troops 
will be panic struck, even if a superior force of Indians were to make a desperate 
stand, "since the skeleton of the Third Eegiment has joined me, under Major 
Welch, composed of 270 men only." Again on the 19th he writes: " My troops 
are entirely undisciplined, excepting the few belonging to the Third Eegiment." 
On the 28th of August two hundred and fifty of the regiment, being all that 
were then at Benton Barracks, embarked at St. Louis, under command of Lieu 
tenant E. C. Olin, for Minnesota, on the steamer Pembina, and reached Fort 
Snelling on the 4th of September. Here, at his own request, it was put under 
the command of the young and gallant Major A. E. Welch, who had served as a 
lieutenant in the First Eegiment. Second to him was Lieutenant Olin. It now 
had about two hundred and seventy men present for duty, an unusually large 
number to be conducted by merely two commissioned officers, and one of them 
a comparative stranger. However, the non-commissioned officers who acted in 
the place of commissioned officers were very competent, and much credit is due 
them for the service they rendered in the Indian expedition. September 5th 
the Third, under Major Welch, started out, and first by steamer up the Minnesota 
Eiver to Carver, for the protection of the settlers and to join Gen. Sibley s expe 
dition. The 6th they marched to Glencoe, finding the inhabitants in a stockade; 
the 7th to Hutchinson, whose inhabitants were also in a stockade; the 8th to 
Cedar Mills; the 9th to Forest City, by the way of Acton, twenty-eight miles, 
and stopping on the way to bury four or five mutilated victims of the outbreak; 
the 10th to Cedar Mills direct, eighteen miles. On the 12th they were under 
way at six in the morning, and, except for a few hours rest, marched rapidly till 
eleven at night, making fully forty miles. The 13th they reached Fort Eidgley 
at 11 A. M. and joined the forces under Gen. Sibley. They had traversed a 
region alternating with noble forests and fertile prairie, but at almost every 
halting place they had seen traces of the widespread and awful massacre. After 



INDIAN CAMPAIGN BATTLE OF WOOD LAKE. 159 

leaving Fort Bidgley the men of the Third were always in the advance, and for 
a good part of the time, especially when any Indians were visible, used as 
flankers. 

Early the afternoon of September 22d the command camped on both sides 
of the old Government road, and on the east side of a small lake which is now 
only a marsh, mostly situated on the northwest part of section 9, in township 114, 
range 38. The surface there is rolling prairie. A small creek, which a person 
could jump, ran from the north end of the lake easterly to the Minnesota Ki-ver, 
through a ravine some thirty feet deep, and which bends round to the south. The 
side of the ravine toward the camp was rather steep. The opposite side rose 
gradually into the undulating prairie extending to the Yellow Medicine Eiver, 
two or three miles beyond. More or less willow bushes were growing along the 
banks of the creek, and it was bridged where the road crossed it, near the lake. 
The Sixth Eegiment camped on the left of the road, the Seventh on the right, 
and the Third Eegiment, being in the advance, camped further to the front, or 
within about a quarter of a mile of the creek, the company of Eenville Eangers 
being near. 

At the Lower Sioux Agency the Third Eegiment had obtained some potatoes 
which the Indians had left buried, and the supply was now about exhausted. 
On the morning of the 23d, therefore, after waiting till the sun had been up sev 
eral hours, for it was a clear morning, and supposing the command would not 
march that day, a few of the Third men thought they would go over to the Yel 
low Medicine Agency and replenish their stock of potatoes. They went, it 
seems, on their own responsibility. Major Welch, their commander, had notice 
of their going, and while he did not consent to their going, neither did he posi 
tively forbid them. Four or five teams, driven by citizen teamsters, with four 
men in each wagon, started. They had crossed the bridge over the creek, as 
cended the other side of the ravine, and gone about a hundred yards over the 
high prairie, when up sprang a squad of Indians and fired at the men in the 
wagons, mortally wounding Degrove Kimball and wounding some others. Leap 
ing to the ground, the men returned the fire. The teams were ordered to face 
about and wait to carry any men who might be wounded to camp. They, how 
ever, did not stop, but drove to the rear. On hearing the firing, the Third Eegi 
ment men rushed for their arms, and, led by Major Welch, were in a few 
moments on the double quick to the support of their comrades. Eeaching the 
scene of action, about half the regiment were held as a reserve, the rest deploy 
ing and advancing as a line of skirmishers. Soon the horizon became picturesque 
with Indians, some mounted and some afoot, single and in squads, advancing 
rapidly from the direction of the Yellow Medicine Eiver. They came in front, 
also moved to the right and left. The skirmish line and reserve of the Third ad 
vanced, and soon were in fair musket range of a force of Indian warriors which, 
before the contest was over, numbered about seven hundred, although some were 
present by compulsion. When the firing was progressing at fairly short range, 
an Indian, who proved to have been Little Crow, rode out a short distance from 
a mounted group, and, swinging his blanket above his head, gave the war-whoop, 
when an answering yell rang from the prairie, and scores of Indians, not before 
seen, rose from the grass, "until," as one who was present states, "the whole 
prairie seemed to be alive with them." About two hundred and fifty of the 
Third men were engaged, and were getting well warmed in the fight, when an 
officer came from Gen. Sibley with instructions to fall back to camp. Major 
Welch told him to go back and tell the general that he could hold his ground, 
and that he wished reinforcements. The foe no win front of the Third Eegiment 
uttering their demoniac shrieks, now visible and the next moment concealed in 
the grass, and maneuvering in characteristic manner, were, many of them, the 
identical Indians who had helped to massacre 1,000 defenseless pioneer set 
tlers men, women, and children on our Western frontier. To give way an 
inch on the field of battle to such a foe seemed intolerable. The Third men 
could hardly endure it. It was not till the officer returned with orders to "posi 
tively fall back" that the regiment began to retreat. It was now a mile from 



160 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

camp. The way the order to retreat was given caused confusion, which, how 
ever, was soon over, as the men passed the words along the line, "Remember 
Murfreesboro!" K"o attack elsewhere having been made, the Indians were left 
free to charge and close in upon them. However, the great majority of the men 
preserved their self-possession and dauntless spirit, retiring gradually and firing 
effectively. Their principal loss, 1 which was severe, was while they were cross 
ing the creek and regaining the steep bank of the ravine toward their camp. It 
was here that Major Welch was struck by a ball, breaking his leg. Along the 
brow of that ravine, and now supported by the Eenville Hangers, a company 
of forty half-breeds, under Lieutenant Gorman, who rallied on their right and 
fought bravely, they for an hour longer held the Indians at bay, and inflicted 
upon them considerable loss. * i The Third and Rangers, says Captain Champlin, 
who, as a non-commissioned officer, took part in the battle, "covered by the tall 
grass and intervening knolls, with grass bound on their hats, fought them Indian 
fashion ; their fire kept little knots of them constantly bearing away their killed and 
wounded, and beyond our reach. All this time the principal part of the command 
had been in line waiting orders, ready, of course, to do their full duty. Finally 
a simultaneous and determined charge was made by the Third Regiment with 
fixed bayonets (now under Lieut. Olin), the Renville Rangers, under Lieut Gor 
man, and the five companies of the Seventh Regiment on their right, under 
Lieut. Colonel Win. R. Marshall, which swept through the ravine, driving the 
enemy from the field. The bodies of fourteen Indians were buried by our troops 
on the field of battle. General Sibley, in his official report of the battle, made 
on the day it occurred, says: "Major Welch of the Third Regiment (temporarily 
in command) was instantly in line with his command, his skirmishers in the 
advance, by whom the savages were gallantly met, and, after a conflict of a seri 
ous nature, repulsed." And the adjutant general of Minnesota, in his official 
report, says: "As the hottest of the enemy s fire was borne by the Third Regi 
ment and Renville Rangers, the heaviest part of the loss was confined to those 
troops." 

This battle of Wood Lake, so called, of which the Third Regiment and Ren 
ville Rangers bore the brunt, did not, it is true, terminate the Indian War, for it 
did not prevent the necessity of a campaign to the Missouri River the next sum 
mer, but it was very important and useful in its results, and in some respects it 
was decisive. It effected the release of about three hundred captives which the 
Indians held, and of whom one hundred and fifty were white women and chil 
dren many of them refined and educated women and teachers, who had been 
and were being subjected to barbarous treatment. It also effected the surrender 
of 1,500 Indians, including four hundred warriors, among whom were those 
afterward convicted and executed for having perpetrated some of the massacres. 
On the 26th the Third, with the command, went into camp at a point about 
twenty miles further on, opposite the mouth of Chippewa River, and which was 
afterward appropriately named Camp Release. The Indian camp was near 
there, and the negotiations which had commenced immediately after the battle 
concluded in the course of a few days by the delivery of the captives and prisoners. 
For a week or two different parties of Indians came in and surrendered; but 
there were yet some hostile fugitives, with their families, whose capture was 
necessary, and in this duty the Third took active part. October 15th twenty- 
five mounted men under Sergeant Fox accompanied a scout commanded by Cap- 

1 The following is the list of casualties sustained by the Third Regiment in the battle of Wood 
Lake, as reported by the assistant surgeon of the regiment, Moses R. Greeley: Killed Company 
A, A. C. Collins, Edwin E. Ross; Company G, Degrove Kimball (mortally wounded); Company I, 
Mathew Cantwell, Richard McElroy (the last named was a paroled man belonging to Company I 
of the Second Minnesota). Wounded Major A. E. Welch, severely; Company B, Joseph Eigle, 
John Oger; Company C, S. K. Satterlee; Company D, Peter Nelson, severely, Nicholas Nelson, 
severely, John P. Thellander, Fred. Miller; Company E, Benjamin Densmore, A. M. Reed, J. 
Schwieger, S. J. Smith; Company F, Heman D. Pettibone, A. Eastman, David Griffin; Company 
G, Richard Custard, J. G. Canfield, J. Knox; Company H, W. McLeod, Charles Stokes, T. A. My- 
rick; Company I, William F. Morse, J. P. Kirby, James C. Cantwell, James Buchanan, James E. 
Masterson. 



INDIAN CAMPAIGN BATTLE OF WOOD LAKE. 161 

tain Merriman beyond Lac qui Parle, which resulted in the capture, without 
resistance, of twenty-two men, and about forty women and children. At mid 
night of October 13th, Lieutenant J. H. Swan, who had a narrow escape from 
death at Birch Coolie, with forty-five men of the regiment, mounted, marched in 
an expedition under Lieut. Col. William E. Marshall to within thirty-five miles 
of the James Eiver in Dakota, and returned the 21st, having marched nearly two 
hundred miles in eight days, with over a hundred captives, including several who 
had participated in the massacre. Shortly after this the Third was mounted by 
order of Gen. Pope, and then moved down to the Lower Sioux Agency, where it 
remained about a week. Then, under Lieut. Swan, Lieut. Hodges accompanying, 
it marched southwest by the way of Lake Shetek and Bed Pipestone quarry, 
where it buried the remains of several murdered settlers. There were no signs 
of recent presence of Indians. After traversing a good part of the southwestern 
frontier, much of the way over burnt prairie, and accomplishing several long, 
and arduous marches in face of the autumn blast, it came by way of the Cotton- 
wood Valley to NewUlrn; then marched (apart, however, returning to Fort Bidg- 
ley) to Henderson and arrived at Fort Snelling the 14th of November. It soon 
afterward received a furlough till the 3d of December. Lieutenant Olin, whose 
service and influence had been very valuable, particularly in the Indian cam 
paign, was, September 28th, detailed as judge advocate of the military commis 
sion to try several hundred Indian prisoners, yet continued in command of the 
regiment till the arrival of officers who outranked him. He was afterward ap 
pointed acting assistant adjutant general, in which capacity he served on General 
Sibley s staff. 

While the greater part of the regiment was hastening to reinforce Gen. Sib- 
ley, about seventy other of its members, who had come from the South on sick 
furlough, reported at Fort Snelling, and September llth, under command of Ser 
geant Dearborn, marched with Capt. Ernil A. Burger s detachment for the relief 
of Fort Abercrombie, over two hundred miles distant, on the Bed Biver of the 
North. The Third men, being unwilling to arm themselves with a refuse lot of 
Belgian muskets, requisition was made by proper authority on the gun stores in 
St. Paul. "Some," says W. E. Hale in his sketch of the expedition, "took shot 
guns, others squirrel guns, and others armed themselves with the long Kentucky 
rifles. Each man carried his own lead, powder horn and bullet mould." Captain 
Burger arrived at Fort Abercrombie September 23d, 1 and the next day reported 
that on September 20th the expedition crossed the Alexandria woods; the next day 
marched sixteen miles to the Pomme de Terre, but was delayed burying the body 
of Andrew Austin; September 22d reached old crossing of the Otter Tail, twen 
ty-four miles; and the 23d marched twenty-six miles to Abercrombie. When 
he had come within about a mile of the Bed Biver a party, of Indians was seen 

1 The following letter from Brevet Brigadier General Theo. H. Barrett, who, as captain of 
Company G, Ninth Minnesota, was in the expedition sent to relieve Fort Abercrombie, throws im 
portant light upon that movement : 

BAEEETT S RANCH, Feb. 18, 1890. 
General C. C. Andrews, Editor Official Military History : 

SIR: Replying to your note of January 3d I have to say, General Malmros is correct in his 
statement that Captain McCoy s company, Eighth Minnesota, and Company G, Ninth Minnesota, 
had gone to Sauk Centre previous to Lieutenant Burger s starting for Abercrombie. When McCoy 
reached Sauk Centre he found Captain Freeman already there, and as McCoy was the senior officer, 
Freeman s company, while at Sauk Centre, became temporarily a part of his (McCoy s) command. 
Freeman s company of mounted men had been hastily gathered up at St. Cloud and marched to 
the frontier to protect the settlements and fight Indians wherever found. He was desirous of pro 
ceeding to the relief of Abercrombie, but did not consider his company strong enough to go alone. 
He was therefore anxious that the other troops accompany him. Lieutenant Oscar Taylor of 
Freeman s company (afterward captain) was especially urgent that we hasten on to Abercrombie. 
At last a consultation was held at McCoy s headquarters, at which were present Captain McCoy, 
Captain Freeman, Lieutenant Oscar Taylor, Lieutenant Christ Becker, the writer, and, I think, 
also, Lieutenant E. E. Hughson, now of St. Paul. My impression is that Lieutenant Edward 
Paist of McCoy s company was also present. 

Captain McCoy, under the order he had received directing him to Sauk Centre, did not 
feel authorized to proceed further, nor did he consider himself authorized to order any portion 
of his command beyond Sauk Centre. After a full discussion, the conference broke up with 
11 



162 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

coming out of the woods, and he says: "I at once sent Lieut. Taylor of Capt. 
Freeman s cavalry with twenty mounted men, and twenty Third Begiment men 
(the latter to act as skirmishers in the woods), to cross with the greatest speed and 
give them chase. I took the rest of the Third Eegiment company and the can 
non and proceeded to a point up the river, where I expected the Indians would 
appear again, and where I would not be seen by them. But I soon discovered 
that they were retreating, under the cover of the woods, toward Wild Rice Eiver. 
I then gave orders for the whole expedition to cross the river, which was effected 
in less than an hour, the men not waiting to be carried over in wagons, but 
jumping into the water breast-deep and wading through. 7 While at the fort 
the detachment, on the 26th and 29th, took part in slight skirmishes with the 
Indians. On the. 30th they started back with Capt. Freeman s mounted com 
pany, as escort for about sixty citizens, including women and children coming 
to St. Cloud, and where they arrived October 5th. In two days more they 
reached Fort Snelling, were there mounted, and, under command of Lieutenant 
C. H. Blakeley, soon joined the rest of the regiment at Camp Release, whence 
they marched with Lieutenant Swan to the Lower Agency. 

The Third Regiment regarded some of General Sibley s movements as unnec 
essarily slow and cautious. But our American history, as he well knew, had 
furnished some awful examples of lack of caution in Indian warfare. Braddock 
and St. Clair, each with a force like his, had been ambushed and utterly de 
stroyed. Sibley was bound to guard against every possibility of a reverse, A 
campaign must be judged by its result, and his was successful. 

REORGANIZATION SOUTH AGAIN. 

About the 1st of December the commanding general of the Department of the 
Northwest transmitted to the War Department a statement of the condition the 
regiment was then in, and the facts in regard to the Murfreesboro surrender, 
but without making any recommendation. Thereupon the president issued an 
order Dec. 1, 62, dismissing all the officers who voted for or counseled the sur 
render. The governor of Minnesota then, on the recommendation of a meeting 
of twenty of the field and line officers that had been held at St. Paul December 
13th, promoted Lieut. Col. Griggs to be colonel and Captain Andrews to be lieu 
tenant colonel. Several promotions were also made in different companies, as 
will be seen by reference to the roster. There had been some delay in the pay 
ment of the regiment before it started for the South, but on Jan. 16, 1863, five 
companies, which had assembled at Fort Snelling, inarched, in severe weather, 
under command of the colonel, to Winona, and joined the other five companies, 
who had met there under t-he charge of the lieutenant colonel. At Winona the 
regiment was given a, fine dinner by the ladies. Friday, January 23d, a stormy 

the understanding that McCoy would remain with his company at Sauk Centre and the other 
two companies proceed to the relief of Abercrombie. Accordingly, late in the afternoon of the 
same day, Captain Freeman s company and Company G, Ninth Minnesota Volunteers, without 
orders and on our own responsibility, marched out of town and camped near the Ashley, a few 
miles distant. Next day we made a circuitous march of some twenty-five miles, and at night 
camped on the open prairie, on high ground, a little west of Lake Amelia. About ten o clock 
that night a messenger came into camp with written orders directing us to await the arrival of 
Burger and join him at some point on the state road. We therefore marched across the country to 
Wyman s Station, six miles east of Alexandria, and awaited the coming up of Burger. 

Had we been permitted to continue our march, we would, if successful, have reached Aber 
crombie three or four days earlier than the expedition under Burger, and probably have saved 
several lives, and among them that of Mr. Edward Wright, Captain Taylor s brother-in-law. 
Company G, Ninth Minnesota, had seventy effective men, and in Freeman s company of mounted 
men there were thirty to forty, in all an effective force of from one hundred to one hundred and 
ten men. Our intention was to keep southward, west of the timber, marching only on the 
prairie, so as to avoid ambuscades. Captain Taylor and myself were both well acquainted with the 
country and felt confident that we could get to Abercrombie without being surprised or ambushed. 

There were about fifty men of the Third Minnesota Volunteers in Burger s expedition, but no 
commissioned officer of the Third. I think they were detachments from several different companies. 
One of the Third noii-commissioned officers, Sergeant Pell, acted as Burger s adjutant. 

Very respectfully, 

THEODOBE H. BARRETT. 



REORGANIZATION SOUTH AGAIN. 163 

winter morning, reveille was sounded at three and a quarter o> clock, and the 
regiment was on the march from Winona by daylight. There was continuous 
fall of snow, rain or hail through the day. Arrived at La Crescent before dark, 
the teams coming in at five. The next day crossed the Mississippi, and left La 
Crosse at eight o clock in the evening, reaching Chicago the next afternoon at 
four, and arriving safely in Cairo at 11 P. M. the 26th, and there remained seven, 
days. The regiment had left in Minnesota the ordinary arms it had temporarily 
used in the Indian campaign, and it now required a supply of the best kind. 
Gen. Tuttle, who was in command at Cairo, was repeatedly seen by the colonel 
and lieutenant colonel in regard to the matter. There were plenty of Enfield 
rifles at Cairo, but no accouterments. A telegram was sent to one of the Minne 
sota senators in Washington, and a letter to the governor of the state, urging 
that the regiment be supplied as promptly as possible. It moved to Columbus, 
Ky., where Gen. Asboth was in command, February 3d, but in spite of the ur 
gent appeals that were made, muskets were not obtained till February 17th, and 
accouterments not till March 10th. Such delay seemed inexcusable, and was 
aggravating to a regiment impatient, as was the Third, to get to the front. Gen. 
Charles S. Hamilton, commanding the district of west Tennessee, February 3d 
ordered Gen. Asboth to send the regiment to Memphis, but Asboth excused 
himself for not doing so because it was not armed. Gen. Asboth was a Hunga 
rian, a colleague of Kossuth, industrious, brave almost to a fault, and generous. 
He was afterward badly wounded, and just after the war represented the United 
States as minister to the Argentine Republic. At Columbus the officers assem 
bled evenings at the colonel s quarters in the school of the regiment. As soon 
as arms were received there was battalion drill. In all the history of the regi 
ment there never was idleness. 

March 12th the regiment embarked on a steamer, and, with other forces, 
proceeded on an expedition under Gen. Asboth to reoccupy Fort Heiman, on 
the west bank of the Tennessee. The 14th it landed two miles above the fort, 
and, marching seven miles around, came up to it at 2 p. M., finding nothing but 
ruins. Col. Griggs was left in command of the post of Fort Heiman with a force 
consisting of the Third Eegiment, the One Hundred and Eleventh Illinois 
and Companies A and D, Fifteenth Kentucky Cavalry, being a brigade of the 
Sixth Division, Sixteenth Corps, of General Grant s Army of the Tennessee. 
While here the regiment was under the immediate command of Major Mattson. 
The lieutenant colonel, March 2d, had been detailed as president of a military 
commission at Columbus for the trial of prisoners, but obtained permission to 
accompany the expedition. He resumed his duties at Columbus the 17th, but 
got relieved June 4th to accompany the regiment to Yicksburg. The regiment s 
principal duty at Fort Heiman was to break up Confederate conscription in the 
surrounding country, and with this object, and in part mounted with horses 
from the country, it made numerous enterprising scouts, which often involved 
long and weary marches. Three of these were under the command of Major 
Mattson. In the last one, he, with Companies B, D, G and H, Third Minne 
sota, and a detachment of Companies A and D, Fifteenth Kentucky Cavalry, 
left Fort Heiman May 26th and marched through several counties on the west 
side of the Tennessee and on both sides of the Big Sandy 5 had several little skir 
mishes, and captured four officers and eleven privates. His loss was two men 
supposed to have been captured. It was on this scout that Corporal Jesse Bar- 
rick of Company H, with a squad of five men, captured two Confederate officers, 
Major Algee and Captain Grizzel, who were together and well armed. Another 
scout, or u guerrilla hunt, 77 as the expeditions were frequently called, was made 
by Captain Edward L. Baker, Company E, Third Minnesota, and occupied nine 
days, the men, as was customary, living on the country. He marched from Fort 
Heiman at sundown, May 18th, with forty of the Fifteenth Kentucky Cavalry 
and fifteen mounted men from the Third Minnesota and One Hundred and Elev 
enth Illinois each; went through Paris, Marlborough and Huntington, and, 
dividing his force into squads, scoured thoroughly the counties of Henry, Car 
roll and Benton, and returned with several prisoners. May 29th, General Hurl- 



164 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

but, from Memphis, telegraphed General Asboth to abandon Fort Heiman and 
"send, with all possible dispatch, the Third Minnesota by steamer to Vicks 
burg," with five days rations, six wagons, one hundred rounds per man, and only 
shelter tents. These instructions were executed as soon as the scouting parties 
were all in. Passing by steamer down the Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi rivers, 
the regiment arrived at Columbus, Ky., at 9 A. M., June 4th, there spent the rest 
of the day receiving its pay, and at daylight the next morning was under way to 
its new field of action. 

AT VICKSBURG-. 

The Vicksburg campaign, which was undertaken to regain full possession of 
the Mississippi River, began the night of April 16, 1863, by our fleet and some 
transports running the batteries there, and thence passing further down the river 
to aiford means of transporting Gen. Grant s army to the Vicksburg (east) side. 
His army then marched circuitously sixty -three miles from Milliken s Bend to 
Hard Times, and April 30th crossed over to Bruinsburg, and the next day 
" turned" and secured Grand Gulf for a base. Two divisions of Sherman s corps, 
which had been left behind to confuse the Vicksburg garrison by a feigned attack 
on Haines Bluff, overtook the rest of the army May 8th. Northeast from Bru 
insburg Landing, and fifty miles due east from Vicksburg, is Jackson, which 
the Confederates held, and where Joseph E. Johnston, one of the very ablest of 
their generals, arrived and took personal command May 13th. The Big Black 
River, two hundred and fifty feet wide, flows about fifteen miles behind and east 
of Vicksburg, joins the Mississippi thirty miles below that place and twelve 
miles above Bruinsburg. The surface of the country between Vicksburg and 
Jackson thus divided by the Big Black River is about four hundred feet above 
the level of the Mississippi, has a light brown, clayey loam soil, is broken by 
many densely wooded ravines, bears naturally a variety of hardwood timber, 
principally oak, but with here and there a handsome magnolia, and at that time 
had many wealthy plantations, particularly on the rich bottom lands bordering 
the streams. Grant s army, as will have been seen, was separated from Vicks 
burg by the Big Black River, but he soon sent a detachment across to make a 
demonstration on the southern approaches to Vicksburg. Learning that Confed 
erate reinforcements were assembling at Jackson, he decided to cut entirely 
loose from the Mississippi River, march to Jackson and destroy that place as a 
railroad centre, then face about and move upon Vicksburg. This part of his 
campaign was accomplished in twenty days, during which his army fought five 
battles, though all of it was not engaged in any one battle, and gained succes 
sively the victories of Port Gibson, May 1st; Raymond, May 12th; Jackson, May 
14th; Champion s Hill (also called Baker s Creek), May 16th; and Black River 
Bridge, May 17th. Pemberton s forces, which had sustained all of these defeats 
except that of Jackson, instead of forming a junction with Johnston, as the latter 
desired, took shelter behind their fortifications at Vicksburg, and were closed in 
upon by Grant the evening of May 18th, the investment being completed the 
next day. This daring campaign of Grant s, in which the Fourth and Fifth Min 
nesota regiments took part, struck terror into the Confederacy and revived con 
fidence in the North in a corresponding degree. Reinforcements were hurried 
forward to him without stint, so that by the time the Third Minnesota arrived 
and took position his line extended from Haines Bluff on the right a distance 
of fifteen miles. On the fall of Jackson Gen. Johnston retreated north to Canton 
and began to work with the utmost zeal, yet with secret misgivings, collecting 
and organizing troops with a view to attack Grant and release Pemberton. His 
scouts duly informed him day after day of the many steamboats passing down 
the Mississippi crowded with reinforcements for Grant; and as early as May 
27th he wrote to the War Office at Richmond: " Grant s army is estimated at 
60,000 or 80,000 men, and his troops are worth double the number of northeastern 
troops." He repeatedly assured the Confederate war minister and president 
that he had not half forces enough to make a successful attack. He, however, 
did all he could. Reinforcements were forwarded to him, and, among others, 



AT VICKSBURG. 165 

6,000 men who had been sent from Charleston by Beauregard. Finally he had, 
as he said, a little over 24,000 effective men. But rumor gave him double that 
force and credited him with an intention to attack. 

Such was about the situation when the Third Regiment, which had left Col 
umbus, Ky., June 5th, on the steamer Izetta, landed, and bivouacked June 
8th at Haines Bluff, Col. Griggs in command, to form a part of the covering army 
to operate against Johnston. It was brigaded with the Fortieth Iowa and Twen 
ty-fifth and Twenty -seventh Wisconsin regiments, also in General Nathan Kim 
ball s provisional division of the Sixteenth Corps, which, with Gen. William 
Sooy Smith s division, comprised the detachment of the Sixteenth Corps com 
manded by General C. C. Washburn, and all posted at Haines Bluff. Rich 
mond s brigade of Kimball s division, however, was posted as a picket seven 
miles further north, where, in its capacity of outpost, it was visited June 10th 
by the field officer of the day from the Third Regiment. At this date no de 
fensive works had been made at Haines Bluff; but on the 12th the lieutenant 
colonel of the Third had charge of a detail that felled the oak trees, and with 
them made obstructions (abatis) on the north end and slope of Haines Bluff, 
half a mile from camp. The whole regiment was out all of the same night in line 
as an advance picket on the low lands bordering the Yazoo. On the 13th the 
lieutenant colonel of the Third Regiment was permanently detailed to take 
charge of the fatigue party, furnished every day from Kimball s division, and 
numbering six hundred men, in felling trees in the ravines and in digging rifle- 
pits. In this toil the Third Regiment, of course, furnished its share of men. 
The weather was intensely hot, and the labor of chopping down the gum, oak 
and other sorts of trees of primeval growth which filled some of the ravines was 
severe in the extreme. Work of this sort, and digging rifle-pits at Haines 7 and 
Snyder s bluffs, was continued for several successive days, and was shared by 
Smith s division. Rapid progress was made. Every man seemed to feel that 
the rifle-pits would have a moral effect, as indeed they did, in keeping off Johns 
ton s army. General Sherman, who had command of the troops watching for 
Johnston, personally visited the works at Snyder s Bluff on the 16th of June, 
and reported that they would enable the troops there "to hold any force from 
north and northeast." June 15th the regiment moved with KimbalPs division 
to Snyder s Bluff, two or three miles nearer Vicksburg, and camped on rather 
low ground at the foot of the bluff, and about three miles from Chickasaw Bayou 
Landing. A small stream flowed near the camp to the Yazoo River. 

All these days we were almost constantly expecting an attack from Johnston. 
On June 7th he telegraphed Pemberton from Canton, "We are nearly ready to 
move, but don t know the best route. " June 8th he was for a day at Benton, on the 
west side of the Big Black, disposing of his cavalry "as near the Union forces as 
circumstances would permit." June llth his preparations for advancing were 
nearly completed and Jackson s division was ordered to the Big Black at Vernon. 
June 16th the Confederate secretary of war, Seddon, telegraphed him: " Vicks 
burg must not be lost without a desperate struggle. Attack in concert with the 
garrison if practicable, but otherwise without; by day or night, as you think 
best." June 22d Johnston telegraphed Pemberton: " I will have the means of 
moving in a day or two, and will try to make a diversion in your favor." 
Gen. Grant says in his memoirs: "On the 22d of June positive information was 
received that Johnston had crossed the Big Black River for the purpose of 
attacking our rear, to raise the siege and release Pemberton." That same night 
Gen. Smith s division marched out nine miles from Snyder s Bluff in the sup 
posed direction of Johnston. But he had not come; and finally he found it would 
not be prudent to attack at Haines or Snyder s Bluff. In his report as pub 
lished in the "Rebellion Record," he states: "On June 29th, field transporta 
tion and other supplies having been obtained, the army marched toward the Big 
Black, and on the evening of July 1st I encamped between Brownsville and the 
river. Reconnaissances, which occupied the 2d and 3d, convinced me that attack 
north of the railroad was impracticable. I determined, therefore, to make the 
examinations necessary for the attempt south of the railroad. * * * On the 



166 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

night of the 3d a messenger was sent to Gen. Pemberton with information that 
an attempt to create a diversion would be made to enable him to cut his way out, 
and that I hoped to attack the enemy about the 7th. 7 But Yicksburg fell on 
the 4th of July. He had made no attack, and the Third Eegiment did its full 
share in keeping him at bay. 

Just as soon as the Vicksburg garrison became prisoners Grant was able to 
let Sherman, with Ord s, Steele s and Parke s corps, attack Johnston and send 
him flying in disorder beyond the vicinity of Jackson. The movement began 
July 5th. The same morning, at nine o clock, the Third Eegiment received orders 
to march with five days rations to Oak Eidge, more than half way to the Big 
Black Eiver, and which is on the road leading to the important Birdsong Ferry, 
where Sherman s headquarters had been for several days. It was an intensely 
hot and dusty march. The regiment arrived at Oak Eidge at 2:30 P. M. The 
campaign having proved successful and Johnston being on the retreat many 
miles east of Jackson, Sherman s command began to march back to Vicksburg 
on the 20th of July. The next day the Third Eegiment received orders to 
return to Snyder s Bluff; it started at 6 p. M. and arrived at 10 P. M.; distance, 
eight miles. At Oak Eidge, Col. Griggs, on account of poor health, and to the 
regret of the regiment, tendered his resignation, which was accepted, and he was 
succeeded by Lieutenant Colonel Andrews, who took command July 16th. 

CAMPAIGN OF ARKANSAS. 

The 23d of July the regiment was paid by Major Bailey, and the next day it 
embarked on the Autocrat for Helena, where it was destined to take part in 
the Arkansas expedition. On the passage there were fifteen of the men who 
were sick abed. The regiment arrived at Helena at 9 A. M., Sunday, the 26th, 
landed, put its wagons together, loaded them, and all were in column on the 
march to camp in an hour from the time the steamer arrived. It camped two 
miles below town, in a grove on the bank of the Mississippi. Its strength was 
four hundred present for duty. As was usual in hot weather, when there was 
likelihood of remaining in camp several days, an arbor of tree branches was 
built over the tents. 

During its twenty days at Helena it had four battalion drills, also company 
drills on several days. It there for the first time executed a part of the bayonet 
exercise on dress parade. July 29th half the regiment marched eight miles to 
a plantation and returned with two wagon-loads of ears of green corn. August 
12th Major General Frederick Steele, who on the 5th had assumed command of 
"the army to take the field from Helena, Ark.," and of which the regiment was 
a part, came and reviewed it, and expressed much satisfaction at its appearance 
and marching. It was now in the Second Brigade with the Twenty-second Ohio, 
Twenty-seventh Wisconsin, Fortieth Iowa and One Hundred and Twenty-sixth 
Illinois, Colonel Oliver Wood of the Twenty- second Ohio, by seniority, brigade 
commander, and was in the Second (Kimball s) Division, temporarily com 
manded by Col. William E. McLean of the Forty-third Indiana. The object of 
the expedition was to expel the Confederate forces from Arkansas and perma 
nently occupy the state. The Confederate army, which, July 4th, had been re 
pulsed at Helena, now numbered 9,000, and was near Little Eock, under Gen. 
Sterling Price. Gen. Steele s column now to move from Helena numbered 
only 6,000; but at Clarendon, fifty miles further on, he was to be joined by Gen. 
Davidson s cavalry division of nine regiments and some field artillery, number 
ing 4,000 effectives, which had marched from Missouri. Near Little Eock he 
was reinforced by True s infantry brigade; and September 10th, after captur 
ing that place, the number present for duty in his army was only 10,479. On 
the march, however, he, from sound policy, let the impression get to the enemy 
that his army numbered 25,000. 

The Third Eegiment, Colonel Andrews commanding, with three hundred and 
eighty effectives, which made it one of the largest, if not the largest regiment, 
in the column, marched from Helena, August 13th, at 2:20 p. M. The heat was 
intense. It marched slowly a few miles over low ground, then ascended a high 



CAMPAIGN OF ARKANSAS. 167 

ridge lying behind Helena, and camped at nine o clock in an elevated body of 
hard timber; distance, eight miles. The regiment was up according to orders 
at two and a half o clock the next morning, was ready to march at four, but, 
having to wait for some other part of the brigade to get ready, did not move 
out till five. It marched twelve miles to Big Creek, halting to rest frequently 
in the shade, and came on to its camping ground at noon in fine spirits. The 
next morning, August 15th, it was up at half-past two, the inspiring reveill 
being sounded as usual by our bugles; marched at four and a half, but was de 
layed an hour and a half for a wagon train to cross a bridge, and camped at 
Cyprus Swamp at 4 p. M. ; distance, twelve miles. Sunday, the 16th, it was up 
at 1:30 A. M., started at three and a half o clock and marched twelve miles to 
Cyprus Creek through a low, level country of timber, with some pine, and 
camped at 9:30 o clock A. M. Cyprus Creek is a sluggish stream, and was covered 
with a green scum. Eegular Sunday inspection at 6 p. M. Monday, the 17th, 
marched at 4 A. M. ; reached Clarendon, on the White Eiver, at 1 P. M. ; distance, 
twelve miles, and camped one mile and a half from the river. Eemained there 
a week, during which time its sick list increased and numbered forty on the 
20th. Clarendon at that time had only about fifty buildings, scarcely one of 
which appeared occupied. Windows had been broken, and the ashes here and 
there told the tale of previous destruction. There was not a trading shop open. 
The army having all crossed White Eiver by the afternoon of the 23d, the regi 
ment resumed its march and reached Devall s Bluff at noon of the 24th, and 
camped half a mile back from the west bank of White Eiver in a forest of large 
oaks, the general surface being sixty feet above the river. White Eiver is a 
clear, rapid and fine navigable stream. Much of the soil at the Bluff is a stiff, 
red clay . The malaria, to which very many of the troops had been exposed in the 
Yazoo Valley, was showing the effects in disease, especially fever. Gen. Steele 
wrote from Devall s Bluff August 23d: "The sick list is frightful." Over 
1,000 of his command were then sick. The Third Eegiment, however, was 
not suffering so much as some other regiments. August 31st its effective force 
present was three hundred and sixty-two; present, sick, fifty- two. The advance 
was resumed September 1st, the regiment marching at seven and a half o clock. 
The first three miles was through oak forest; then we came out upon a hand 
some prairie, skirted on each side with hard timber. The air was bracing, and 
we could almost realize we were on one of the beautiful prairies of Minnesota. 
The supply train of one hundred and sixty wagons had started on another road, 
and was moving in full view about a mile to our right. When the whole col 
umn had got upon the prairie it afforded an interesting picture. We camped, 
after a march of twenty miles, near Bayou Meto, and the next morning marched 
eight miles further to Brownsville, arriving at ten, and camped two miles south 
of the town. Twenty miles of our march from Devall s Bluff had been over 
low prairie, bearing luxuriant grass; but in all that distance we did not see 
more than six farms. We waited at Brownsville three days for a train to go 
back to Devall s Bluff and return with supplies. Then, September 6th, marched 
twelve miles and went into camp ten miles from Brownsville. The next day 
the regiment was the rear guard of the brigade, and though in line ready to 
move at four in the morning, it could not start till eleven. Halts were frequent 
in consequence of bad places in the road which the teams encountered, and the 
march was tedious. Went eight miles, and at 5 P. M. camped two and a half miles 
north of the Arkansas Eiver and ten miles from Little Eock. There was here 
a halt of two days, partly to enable Gen. Steele to select the best place for 
crossing the river, during which we tested Arkansas sweet potatoes and water 
melons. Commencing in the vicinity of Brownsville, the advance of the column, 
naturally, had met more or less resistance, resulting in several spirited skir 
mishes, and there had been repeated occasions when, from the firing in front, 
the regiment seemed liable to be called into action. 

The combat of Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Eock occurred Thurs 
day, September 10th, the principal part of the action falling on the cavalry divis 
ion. At three o clock that morning the Third Eegiment, under command of 



168 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

the colonel, and followed by the Eleventh Ohio Battery, inarched in the advance 
two and a half miles, and at break of day halted on the north and convex side 
of a big bend of the Arkansas Eiver at a place selected for laying a pontoon bridge. 
A road down the bank to the water s edge was being finished. The channel 
of the river was about three hundred feet wide, and between that and the oppo 
site bank was a sand-bar six hundred yards wide. The regiment immediately 
formed in line on the right of where the bridge was to be laid, leaving room for 
the battery on its left. Its position was behind a levee, with some of its sharp 
shooters closer to the river. Soon the Twenty-second Ohio, Twenty-seventh 
Wisconsin and Fortieth Iowa arrived and took position on the right and in rear 
of the Third. Other troops formed on our left later. The enemy s artillery in 
woods on the opposite bank opened on the party laying the bridge before it was 
done, and continued for an hour firing upon them and on our line, but without 
very serious effect. It was replied to and finally silenced by three of our bat 
teries. The engagement thus far was only amusement for the men of the Third. 
The bridge was ready at ten o clock, when two regiments of infantry, the 
Fortieth Iowa, followed by the Twenty-seventh Wisconsin, crossed over in column 
by company at full distance, each as soon as it was upon the sand-bar deploying 
into line and steadily advancing and gaining the main bank. Every one ex 
pected that at any moment a terrible fire would be opened upon them. It was a 
spectacle seen by our whole army stretched along the river bank. The cavalry 
now began to cross the bridge, continuing an hour and a half. But soon after it 
had begun a good ford was discovered a little above the bridge, through which a 
file continued to cross. After the cavalry had crossed it advanced with its ar 
tillery toward Little Eock, along the south side of the Arkansas Eiver, and be 
fore dark drove the enemy from their works at Bayou Fourche, and moved on 
five miles further to the city. Meantime the two infantry regiments recrossed 
the river, and Gen. Steele s main force advanced slowly over a dusty road in the 
timber along the north bank. We were stopped by several skirmishes, and in 
fact artillery firing continued in our front nearly all the afternoon. But the re 
sistance was only enough to enable the enemy to make a safe retreat from his 
strong fortifications on the north side of the river, and which he was led to do 
from the effective demonstration which Gen. Steele caused to be made on the 
south side. Gen. Price with his army retreated south to Arkadelphia as rapidly 
as he could, and so rapidly indeed that he failed to destroy his pontoon bridge 
at Little Eock. The Third Eegiment passed his well-built and formidable earth 
works late in the afternoon, and it was dark when, having been on the alert 
nineteen hours, it reached camp on the river bank a mile below Little Eock, and 
where it found the Confederate kitchen fires still burning and their corn cakes 
yet warm. 

AT LITTLE EOCK, ARKANSAS. 

At seven the next morning the regiment, pursuant to instructions from the 
division commander, marched over the pontoon bridge into the city of Little 
Eock, and, while ascending the high ground from the landing, Gen. Steele in 
formed Col. Andrews that he would be put in command of Little Eock, and that 
he had selected his regiment as one of two infantry regiments to come into the 
city on duty because of its efficiency and good discipline. This compliment, 
which was a surprise, was, of course, without request or the slightest suggestion 
of any one connected with the regiment. The regiment in column by company 
proceeded up the main street to the capitol, which it exclusively occupied for 
quarters during most of the eight or nine months that it remained on guard duty 
in the city. On the dome of the capitol it raised the federal flag, which was 
destined to remain the permanent ensign. The following day, September 12th, 
the colonel was by special order detailed as commander of the post of Little 
Eock, with a brigade composed of the Third Minnesota, Forty-third Illinois and 
Seventh Missouri Cavalry, for service in preserving good order in the city. The 
immediate command of the regiment then devolved on Lieut. Col. Mattson 
till the beginning of November, when he went to Minnesota on recruiting 



VETERANIZING. 169 

service. Post headquarters were in a bank building opposite the capitol. 
The private quarters or mess of the colonel and the field officers of the regiment 
were at a cottage, a few rods distant, and owned by Mr. Waite, a citizen. The 
grounds around the capitol were ample for company drill, which was not 
neglected. It was not uncommon for considerable numbers of people to gather 
in front of the capitol to witness the regiment s skill in the manual of arms on 
dress parade. During the autumn and winter, when the weather would admit, 
brigade drills were conducted by the colonel on the ground in front of St. John s 
College, with the Third Minnesota and Forty-third Illinois divided into three 
battalions. Little Eock at that time was a handsome town situated two hun 
dred feet above the Arkansas Eiver. Many of the residences were tasteful, with 
ample and pleasant grounds. The arsenal, which had cost the United States 
$1,000,000, was in fair condition. The citizens were all respectful and civil, 
many even cordial. There was a respectable union element, which soon began 
to express itself openly and with systematic organization. To a delegation of 
citizens from Pine Bluff Gen. Steele read, as expressive of his sentiments, a 
short order which had been issued by the colonel on his own responsibility as 
post commander, September 16th, and which contained the following: "The true 
interest of the Government at this time, so far as it is represented by troops here, 
is by all means to abstain from unnecessarily irritating the citizens; to abstain 
from all conduct that will tend to tarnish the good name of the federal army, 
and by courtesy and good conduct to command the respect and encourage the 
loyalty of the people." The prominent position which the Third Eegimerit occu 
pied at Little Eock, its exemplary conduct, intelligence and friendly intercourse 
with the people, contributed not a little to the development of loyal feeling. A 
Confederate colonel, writing from the Confederate camp in Arkansas, Novem 
ber 6th, to Jefferson Davis, said: " General Steele, the federal commander, is 
winning golden opinions by his forbearance, justice and urbanity. Anyone can 
judge what will follow. 7 Gen. W. T. Sherman, in a letter to Gen. Steele, dated 
Oct. 24, 1863, congratulated him on his " marked success " and said: " I have 
no doubt you have made more progress in Arkansas toward a reconstruction 
of government than we have in any part of the country east of the Mississippi." 
Delegates to frame a free state constitution met at Little Eock on the 8th of 
January, 1864. It being a spontaneous movement of the people, and not initi 
ated by any official authority, the convention was scouted by many as an illegal 
body. The colonel of the regiment, who was in a position to be of some service 
to the delegates, gave it earnest support from the start. President Lincoln re 
spected its* action, and even changed the day he had previously appointed for 
election to harmonize with it. The free constitution which it submitted was 
ratified by popular vote, Isaac Murphy was elected governor for four years, and 
held his office till a successor was chosen under the final reconstruction act. Gen. 
Steele s success in promoting reconstruction in Arkansas, and thereby contribut 
ing great moral aid in the suppression of the Eebellion, was distinguished, and 
the Third Minnesota will always be justly entitled to a share of the honor. 

VETERANIZING. 

General Order 191, "War Department, June 25, 1863, promulgated regula 
tions for enlisting " Veteran Volunteers," to be organized as such at the expira 
tion of their original terms of enlistment. Those who so re- enlisted were to 
receive one month s pay in advance, and a bounty and premium, amounting in 
all to $402, payable as follows: On being mustered in, 1 month s pay, $13; first 
installment of bounty, $25; premium, $2; in all, $40; 2 months after muster in, 
$50; expiration of 6 months service, $50; expiration of 12 months service, $50; 
expiration of 18 months service, $50; expiration of 2 years service, $50; expir 
ation of 2J years service, $50; expiration of 3 years service, $75. If the Gov 
ernment should not require such troops 3 years and they should be honorably 
mustered out before the expiration of their term of enlistment, they were to re 
ceive the whole bounty; also, as soon after the expiration of their original term 
of enlistment as the exigencies of the service would permit, they were to re- 



170 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

ceive a thirty days furlough. Moderate progress only toward the veteran re- 
enlistment of the regiment was being made; and on Tuesday afternoon, Jan. 
5, 1864, at three and a half o clock, the colonel had the regiment assembled in 
the hall of the house of representatives, and explained to the men the regula 
tions for re- enlisting. They were also told that in such an act of patriotism they 
could not make a mistake j that they were worth more to the country than new 
men, that probably the war would not last more than about a year longer, that 
they would not be contented to be in civil life and leave others to strike the fin 
ishing blows; and that for the honor of their state and the good of the service, 
they should keep the Third Regiment in existence as long as the war lasted. By 
Thursday, the 7th, the re- enlistment was completed. Company K having been 
the first to veteranize, started January 12th for Minnesota on its furlough. Feb 
ruary 7th Companies A, D, and F left on their furloughs. 

BATTLE OF FITZHUGH S WOODS. 

Wednesday, March 23d, General Steele, with about 9,000 men, being the 
main, part of his army, marched south from Little Rock to co-operate in 
General Banks Red River campaign, leaving Brigadier General Nathan Kim 
ball in command of troops along and north of the line of the Arkansas River. 
The next day General Kimball assigned all the troops left in the vicinity of 
Little Rock, some 3,000, to the command of Colonel Andrews. March 30th, Gen 
eral Kimball received from a citizen residing near Augusta, a fertile and popu 
lous part of northeastern Arkansas, information of a camp of a Confederate 
recruiting party in that locality, and learning from Captain Carr, chief quarter 
master, that a boat could be in readiness early the next morning at DevalPs 
Bluff to convey a small force up White River, Colonel Andrews was authorized 
to make the expedition. The latter immediately conferred with Major Foster, 
in command of the Third Regiment, who cordially entered into the movement. 
Volunteers numbering one hundred and eighty-six, from Companies B, C, E, G, 
H, and I of the Third, under the immediate command of Major Foster, left Little 
Rock with Colonel Andrews by railway the same evening; embarked early the 
next morning on the steamer Dove with Captain L. I. Mathews company, 
numbering forty-five, of the Eighth Missouri Cavalry, and ascended White River, 
the gunboat Covington, under Lieutenant Lord, accompanying. Arriving at 
Gregory s Landing at dusk, the command marched, in rain and darkness, three 
miles to Cache Bayou, which the cavalry forded with difficulty but without 
accident, and found that one of General McRae s camps which it had been intended 
to surprise had been abandoned that morning. Returning to the transport the 
command moved on to Augusta, where it landed early the next morning, April 1st, 
and, little supposing it was to have so serious a conflict as the battle of Fitz- 
hugh s Woods, marched north on the Jacksonport road. A detail from the 
Third Regiment was left as a guard on the steamboat under Sergeant Early, and 
the whole force with which Colonel Andrews marched out of Augusta did not 
exceed two hundred men. It had been learned that General McRae s principal 
camp was near Antony s plantation, seven miles distant. Our advance met and 
charged a small party of the enemy a mile out from Augusta, and captured two 
prisoners. Some three miles out, at the fork of two roads, the cavalry advance 
waited for the Third to come up, when a force, which proved to be Major Ruther 
ford s, was met and driven into the woods on a road leading to the right. At 
the bayou, six miles from Augusta, another mounted party, of which, as subse 
quently learned, General McRae was one, was met and chased a mile or two. 
Beyond Fitzhugh s plantation a Confederate camp was found which appeared 
to have been recently and suddenly abandoned. About twelve and a half 
o clock rest and lunch were taken at rather a wild place some twelve miles 
above Augusta, near a church, and where the ground was hilly and wooded. 
The actual situation, with regard to any Confederate forces, instead of being as 
reported at Little Rock, was that Brigadier General Dandridge McRae, who had 
handled a brigade in several important battles and was an able officer, had there 
in the surrounding locality a brigade, though composed partly of conscripts, 



BATTLE OF FITZHUGH S WOODS. 171 

and was meditating a crushing attack. Colonel Andrews, though not learning 
all these facts, there obtained information from a citizen which made him 
apprehend an attack from a superior force on his return march, and which led 
him to keep his command well in hand. 

On the way back to the transport the Third Eegiment had passed the road 
leading to McCoy s, and less than a mile further on halted near Fitzhugh s to 
rest, it being then two o clock. While it was there a mounted force of the 
enemy advanced in line through a field from the direction of McCoy s, fired and 
charged with a yell. Some men of the Third met their attack with a volley fire 
which dismounted a few, then charged and drove them back in. disorder into 
the woods, where they disappeared. Resuming its march, with the rear guard 
strengthened, it had gone about two miles further and was emerging from some 
woods within a few hundred yards of a large swamp and bayou where there 
were slashings, which, together with the overflow, obstructed the road, when 
the enemy appeared in much greater force, first attacking our rear guard fierce 
ly. At our front there was, on the left and east side of the road, a field in which 
stood a thin body of dead trees, while immediately on the west side of the road 
was heavy timber, with more or less dead logs lying about, but not much under 
brush. It was at once apparent that the enemy had collected all his forces and 
meditated our destruction. His lines, having previously been deployed, ad 
vanced through the field on the left in good order, but shouting loudly, and 
seemed almost to encircle us. The Third men came into line, and with their 
effective fire were not long in repulsing the attack on the left; but soon there 
was a sharp attack from the woods on the right. A line of skirmishers of the 
Third was deployed to the right in the woods, firing at will, a strong company 
being held in reserve. Captain Mathews company of the Eighth Missouri 
formed on the left and fought dismounted. In the early part of the action 
Union and Confederate lines were not more than two hundred yards apart. 
Both sides used defiant shouts. The clamor for awhile was intense, yet above it 
the Confederate chiefs could be heard urging their men to charge. Finally they 
started on a charge which appeared so threatening and formidable that, to re 
pulse it, the Third Eegiment, led by its colonel, made a counter- charge with 
fixed bayonets, which was effective, and seemed to prove the decisive feature of 
the action. It was a few minutes after the charge that the horse which the eol- 
onel was riding was killed, the bullet striking near the colonel s left knee. At 
one time the firing and clamor were so intense that " cease firing " was sounded 
on the bugle so that commands might be heard. A stubborn battle had lasted 
an hour when a part of the Confederate force was seen moving around to the 
right at difficult range, apparently to intercept our passage of the bayou. To 
prevent that, the larger part of the Third Regiment was moved one hundred 
and fifty yards nearer the bayou, and where it also had the protection of a clus 
ter of log buildings and some fences. The Confederates, supposing this was a 
retreat, rose up and advanced with a great deal of noise, but received a very 
damaging fire from the Third men in their new position, which they held for 
about an hour and a half. The firing, which had been interrupted by several 
lulls, then ceased, and the enemy had practically disappeared. The ford at the 
bayou was over a hundred yards wide, and to guard against a possible attack 
in crossing, before resuming the march, Major Foster, by direction of the 
colonel, posted a line of sharpshooters concealed on both flanks of the crossing 
in the woods. The march was then resumed, the crossing of the ford was made 
without accident, and the little column marched in good order to the steamboat 
at Augusta, a distance of about six miles, the road passing through woods, by 
cross-roads and open fields, where the Confederates, if they had felt it prudent, 
could have chosen their position and renewed the fight; but they made no fur 
ther attack and the detachment of the Third Regiment and Captain Mathews 
company of the Eighth Missouri Cavalry deliberately embarked and returned 
to their respective camps. 

During the action a detail from the Third Regiment was in the rear guarding 
prisoners, of whom twelve besides a commissioned officer were held; so, that 



172 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

deducting also the guard which had been left on the steamer, the whole number 
of men which Colonel Andrews had actually engaged in the fight was only one 
hundred and eighty. l His loss was eight killed and twenty-one wounded, one of 
the killed being from the Eighth Missouri. First Sergeant Corydon D. Bevans 
of Company E, who was among the killed, had lately received a commission as 
lieutenant and was about to be mustered. Washington J. Smith of Company I, 
killed on the skirmish line, seems to have had a presentiment of his fate. On 
leaving his quarters at Little Rock he shook hands with his chum, Charles D. 
Lamb, saying he never would see him again. The brave and faithful behavior 
of Major Foster and all the officers and men of the Third Regiment, likewise of 
Captain Mathews of the Eighth Missouri, and his company, during the action 
were deserving of the highest praise. Adjutant E. T. Champlin of the Third 
moved about on his horse in the thickest of the fight, in the more critical stages 
regardless of danger, cheering and rallying the men. His distinguished gal 
lantry and efficiency drew the warmest commendation from the colonel com 
manding there on the field. There were, no doubt, moments when the contest 
seemed critical and desperate. Sergeant, afterward captain, G. "W. Knight, 
reported to the colonel that his company was out of ammunition. The reply 
made was, " We have our bayonets left. 77 The sober feeling prevalent was for a 
moment relieved by a droll expression from Lieutenant Swan as a riderless 
cavalry horse came jumping in front of our line. The Third Regiment men 
about exhausted their ammunition in the action, and it was afterward learned 
that the Confederates had done the same. A few of the severely wounded of 
the Third were left at the house above mentioned, were kindly cared for there 
and by citizens at Augusta, and returned to Little Rock with the expedition 
which a short time afterward revisited Augusta. The loss in General McRae s 
command was understood to have been severe, especially among the commis 
sioned officers, of whom one or more prominent ones, including Captain Bland, 
were killed. Among the wounded were Colonel Freeman and Major Shaver. 
General McRae s force actually engaged in- the action consisted of a regiment of 
four hundred men under Colonel Thomas Freeman, three companies under Major 
George Rutherford, and an independent company, in all about six hundred men. 
Confederate sympathizers in Augusta had counted the Union force as it marched 
through the village in the morning, and its defeat and capture was confidently 
expected by them. The battle had an important effect in discouraging and 
breaking up recruiting in that populous agricultural region. The Third Regi 
ment reached Little Rock the afternoon of April 2d, having made an expedition 
of one hundred and sixty-eight miles and back inside of three days. On Sunday, 
April 10th, memorial religious services in honor of those who fell at Fitzhugh s 
Woods, conducted by Chaplain Putnam, were held at the regiment s camp. 

On Monday, April 18th, the regiment marched in a fine civic and military 
procession at Little Rock for the inauguration of Isaac Murphy, the first free 
state governor of Arkansas. 

April 19th Colonel Andrews repeated his expedition up the White River 
with a larger force, comprising the Third Minnesota, under immediate command 
of Lieutenant Colonel Mattson, and Sixty-first Illinois regiments of infantry, and 
a company of the Eighth Missouri Cavalry. A. march was made on two roads 
from Augusta. The enemy could not be brought to make a stand, but a Confeder 
ate field officer and a few men were captured. A steam mill where the Confed 
erate troops ground their corn was disabled. A junction was also formed at 

1 The following are the casualties sustained by the Third Regiment in the battle of Fitzhugh s 
Woods, April 1, 1864: Killed Privates Benjamin Sanderson, Ole Hanson, Company B; Private 
Henry W. Farns worth, Company C; First Sergeant Corydon D. Bevans, Private Clark D. Harding, 
Company E; Corporal George H. Peaslee, Company H; Private Washington J. Smith, Company 
I. Wounded Quartermaster Sergeant Heman D. Pettibone, First Sergeant Henry A. Durant, 
Sergeant Albert G. Hunt, Corporal Edward Frygang, Privates William F. Ingham, George Breuer, 
William Shearer, Company B; Corporals Henry W. Wallace and Orrin Case, Company C; Corporals 
Isaac Sawyer and Albert G. Leach, Company E; Privates Andrew Brigham, Albert Pierce, Com 
pany G; Privates Rollin O. Crawford, John Eaton, Company H; Privates Joseph Markling, Andrew 
Clark, John Pope, Company I. 



BATTLE OF FITZHUGH S WOODS. 173 

Augusta with the forces stationed at Jaeksonport. The only casualty occurring in 
Colonel Andrews command was the drowning of a man who walked off a trans 
port in his sleep. While this movement took place a detachment of the Eighth 
Missouri Cavalry under its lieutenant colonel, the detail having been made by 
the commanding officer of the regiment, who had for a considerable period been 
stationed at Devall s Bluff, inarched up the east side of Cache Eiver to prevent 
the enemy escaping in that direction. It was, however, attacked by a superior 
force, and though it fought a spirited combat it was prevented from accomplish 
ing the object it had in view. 

Some months previous to this time one or two commissioned officers and 
several non-commissioned officers and privates of the Third Eegiment had been 
detailed by General Steele, at Colonel Andrews request, to recruit men for a 
colored regiment. On the latter s recommendation, and after they had under 
gone an examination, two commissioned officers and twenty-one non-commissioned 
officers and privates were promoted as commissioned officers in the United States 
Colored Infantry Regiments. l At that time, and even later, many Union officers 
obstructed rather than facilitated the enlistment of colored troops. The Third 
Eegiment held different views. Instead of leaving able-bodied freedmen to cul 
tivate plantations of men who were absent in Confederate armies, it preferred to 
make Union soldiers of them. Details from the regiment recruited in all, while 
at Little Eock, nearly enough men to fill a colored regiment. Every expedition 
that the regiment made brought back a number of bright and able-bodied freed 
men. Those who accepted commissions in colored regiments incurred, though 
unjustly, more or less prejudice, and more risks than other officers in case of 
their falling into the hands of the enemy. These facts entitle them to considera 
tion which, probably, in many cases they have not received. Naturally the 
slave-holding class often made the colored men fear they would be roughly 
treated if they became soldiers, and, as a counter-measure, recruiting sometimes 
had to partake the nature of conscription. One morning, in a street at Little 
Eock, an officer met a colored soldier with musket on his shoulder, running after 
a freedrnan, and asked: "What are you chasing that fellow for?" "I want him 
for to volunteer!" was the reply. During the Third s first expedition up White 
Eiver, and while the steamboat, April 1st, was lying at Augusta with no troops 
on board but a guard under Sergeant Early, the captain of the boat intrusively 
undertook to release to their former masters a number of able-bodied freedmen, 
who had voluntarily come, or been brought, on board. Sergeant Early, as soon 
as he detected the proceeding, had the steamboat captain retire to his stateroom, 
and there pass the balance of the day in quiet meditation on minding one s own 
business. 

1 The following members of the Third Eegiment received commissions in colored regiments: 
Company A, Sergeant J. N. Fox, captain 57th U. S. C. I. (United States Colored Infantry) ; Musi 
cian C. F. Redlon, second lieutenant 113th U. S. C. L; Private T. H. Green, first lieutenant 57th 
U. S. C. L; Private J. E. Jenks, first lieutenant 112th U. S. C. L; Company B, Sergeant B. F. 
Simmons, captain 112th U. S. C. I. ; Corporal J. H. Ward, first lieutenant 113th U. S. C. I. ; Company 
C, Private L. L. Rundell, first lieutenant 112th U. S. C. I. ; Private C. F. Wagoner, first lieutenant 
57th U. S. C. I. (Private Marion L. Freeman of this company had been designated for promotion, 
and was captured, it is believed, at the battle of Jenkins Ferry, with some colored recruits. He 
died a prisoner of war at Camp Tyler, Texas, Dec. 14, 1864.) Company D, First Lieutenant John 
G. Gustafson, lieutenant colonel 112th U. S. C. I. ; Company E, Sergeant Major W. D. Hale, major 
4th U. S. C. Artillery; Corporal T. A. Baker, second lieutenant 4th U. S. C. Artillery; private B. 
Densmore, captain 4th U. S. C. Artillery; W. D. Bryant, first lieutenant 112th U. S. C. L; Private 
J. Morrell, second lieutenant 112th U. S. C. L; Private H. K. McGaughey, first lieutenant 112th 
U. S. C. I. : Private Henry C. Collins, second lieutenant 49th U. S. C. I. ; Company F, Captain J. 
M. Bowler, major 113th U. S. C. I. ; Private B. McKenna, first lieutenant 57th U. S. C. I. ; Com 
pany G, Sergeant R. C. Custard, captain 112th U. S. C. I. ; Sergeant A. F. Dearborn, first lieutenant 
Company G, 4th U. S. C. Artillery; Corporal F. Skillman, first lieutenant 113th U. S. C. L; Pri 
vate P. Skillman, second lieutenant 113th U. S. C. I. ; Private W. W. De Long, first lieutenant 
113th U. S. C. L; Company H, Sergeant J. Seible, captain 4th U. S. C. Artillery; Corporal Jesse 
Barrick, second lieutenant 57th U. S. C. I. ; Company I, Sergeant J. J. Cantwell, captain 112th U. 
S. C. I. ; Sergeant S. M. Bruce, captain 112th U. S. C. I. ; Private Frank Becker, second lieutenant 
113th U. S. C. I. ; Private O. E. Boughton, first lieutenant 57th U. S. C. I. ; Private James C. 
Cantwell. first lieutenant 57th U. S. C. L; Private F. Schilplin, first lieutenant 113th U. S. C. L; 
Private P. Shippman, captain 113th U. S. C. I. 



174 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

PINE BLUFF, ARKANSAS. 

When, after General Banks defeat on the Bed Eiver, General Steele, who 
had hoped to join him, was at Camden, Ark., on his way back to Little Eock, 
and pursued by a superior army under E. Kirby Smith, a heavy supply train 
for his hungry army, with a column of 3,000 of all arms as escort, was about being 
started from Pine Bluff, Ark. Colonel Andrews, having April 26th received 
his commission as a general officer, was put in command of this escort and train. 
An empty wagon train with brigade escort, coming from Camden to Pine Bluff 
on the road he was to take, after hard fighting had just been captured. The 
road for some distance lay through woods swarming with the enemy, and the 
duty seemed extremely perilous. The Third Eegiment was still on duty as 
provost guard in Little Eock, and knowing, as Andrews did, that he could de 
pend absolutely on its skill and bravery in a desperate fight, at his request a 
newer regiment, which was marching to Pine Bluff to take part in the movement, 
was sent back to Little Eock, and the Third Minnesota taken in its place. The 
Third went to Pine Bluff on the steamer Leonora, April 28th; the train gob 
lengthened out, the advance, under Col. Powell Clayton (who at Gen. Andrews 7 
request generously volunteered to accompany the expedition), had gone twenty 
miles and laid a bridge, and the main column was waiting final instructions to 
start, when, the evening of the 29th, in midst of a heavy rain, a lieutenant arrived 
from Gen. Steele with orders not to move, he being on the retreat to Little Eock, 
and having just fought a hard battle at Jenkins Ferry, on the Saline Eiver. 
The Third Eegiment s discipline and excellent fighting qualities thus brought it 
to the then very unhealthy locality of Pine Bluff, where, on account of that place 
being threatened, it was detained through the summer working on fortifications, 
and suffered excessive mortality from malarial poison. During its stay there 
thirty of its original members died from disease, besides many more recruits, and 
nearly all suffered much sickness. Its condition was deplorable; and, under all 
the circumstances, its loss there may be viewed in the same manner as if it had 
occurred in battle. Gen. Andrews, who shortly afterward was placed in com 
mand of Devall s Bluff and of the Second Division of the Seventh Corps, made 
an earnest appeal to Gen. Steele to return the Third Eegiment to Little Eock, 
but the commander at Pine Bluff represented that it could not be spared. l 

1 Dr. A. C. Wedge of Albert Lea, the efficient and faithful surgeon of the regiment, who also- 
suffered from illness there, explains the nature and cause of the prevailing disease in the following 
observations by him on the sanitary history of the regiment: " When I joined the regiment at 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., in May, 1862, I found the men reasonably healthy. They were suifering to 
some extent from the effect of an epidemic of measles which they had undergone the winter previ 
ous in Kentucky. The disease in an army camp is much more malignant than in civil life, and 
the chances for contagion much more favorable. A soldier who has not had the disease in child 
hood is quite sure to contract it in the army. A large proportion of those who had measles were 
so much broken down in health that they had to be discharged from the service. 

"The most prevalent disease in an army camp is chronic diarrhea, the result of a sudden change 
in the manner of living, the lack of properly cooked food, and the lack of some kinds of food fur 
nished in civil life. An army should, as far as possible, be composed of young men (unless they 
are veterans), as a man past middle age cannot adapt himself to the changes in manner of living 
and the irregularities incident to active military service, The command did not suffer much from 
the influence of malaria until we went to Vicksburg. There the poor water and the miasma of the 
Yazoo River poisoned every one to some extent, but we brought every one of our men out of that 
valley of death, though many of them afterward suffered from the poison that they there ab 
sorbed. At Helena, Ark., and on the march to Little Rock, they were constantly under the influ 
ence of malaria. We rallied during the winter of 1863-64, and had suffered but little loss of life 
from the effects of the summer campaign, and in the spring of 64 we had quite a healthy, vigor 
ous body of men. 

"I come to the memorable summer of 1864, at Pine Bluff, Ark. While there our regiment 
suffered from a most violent epidemic of malarial fever, and I will only attempt to deal with the 
causes. In the first place, it is a flat, swampy, unhealthy locality the Arkansas River on the 
north and a filthy bayou on the south. The season was dry and hot. The south wind came over 
the bayou night and day, bringing miasma into our camp. One reason of suffering was the addi 
tion to our regiment of a lot of unacclimated men fresh from the North. In April, 1864, several 
hundred recruits joined us, and were immediately taken into this unhealthy locality. Of these 
recruits about eight-tenths were stricken down of malarial fever, and eighty-nine died. In June 
there were added to our number some drafted men. Nearly all of these fell sick of the disease, 



AT DEVALL S BLUFF. 175 

A LATE FURLOUGH. 

"When, on Sunday, August 14th, Companies B, C, E, G, H and I arrived at 
DevalFs Bluff en route home on veteran furlough, their situation was pathetic. 
Many of the poor fellows were so lean and pale that their own mothers could 
scarcely have recognized them. Gen. Steele had telegraphed the commanding 
officer at DevalFs Bluff that they would arrive, by whom some extra provision, 
including roast beef, was made for their comfort. 

June 27th information was received by Steele that Price, with 15,000 men, 
was near Princeton, advancing on Little Rock. During the summer the enemy 
occasionally showed himself near Pine Bluff. One of these demonstrations by 
cavalry was made in June near the camp of the Third Eegiment. Lieutenant 
Isaac Taylor, with Company H, was immediately across the bridge over the 
bayou close by, and after advancing a quarter to half a mile drew a brisk fire 
from the enemy, which was answered by his men. Firing continued for twenty 
or thirty minutes and then ceased. Taylor advanced a quarter of a mile fur 
ther, protected by trees and stumps, and after a few more shots the enemy dis 
appeared. During this skirmish the rest of the regiment was in line in camp 
ready to move. Apparently the object of the enemy, who had about five hun 
dred men, was to surprise the camp. 

AT DEVALL S BLUFF. 

September 24th General Steele telegraphed the commander at DevalFs Bluff 
that he intended to send him the men of the regiment remaining at Pine Bluff. 
They did not start, however, till October 10th. The six companies which had 
gone on veteran furlough arrived back at DevalFs Bluff October 17th, recuper 
ated; and the whole regiment, quartered in neat log houses which it made, 
remained there through the ensuing winter, working on fortifications and per 
forming picket and scouting service. Gen. Andrews continued in command of 
the forces at DevalFs Bluff, which was Gen. Steele s base of supplies, till Decem 
ber 28th, when he was relieved by Gen. Shaler. The scouting parties sent out 
from there by the former during the two months of November and December, 
and in which the regiment took an important part, captured and brought in 
eighty prisoners of war, including fourteen commissioned officers, with a loss of 
only one man. Col. Mattson soon had command of a brigade at DevalFs Bluff, 
leaving Lieutenant Colonel E. W. Foster in command of the regiment. Decem 
ber 13th, under command of the lieutenant colonel, the regiment embarked on a 

and thirty died. It is very unfortunate to be compelled to put men into such an intensely un 
healthy locality in the very beginning of their service. We suffered here very much for the want 
of medical supplies. I could not get a dose of quinine to break the fever on myself. I was relieved 
from duty August 1st, and went home with the veterans. Had it not been for that circumstance 
I probably would not be writing this. We moved to DevalFs Bluff about the last of October, 1864, 
and during the winter following recovered to some extent from the effects of the Pine Bluff cam 
paign. I am free to say I would much rather have been in a hard fought battle every week during 
the summer (in a healthy locality) than to spend such a summer in that deadly locality. From 
this time to the date of our muster-out there is nothing of interest in our medical history." 

Colonel Mattson states: "At Pine Bluff, in the summer of 1864, while the whole command was 
down sick, I wrote repeatedly to Senator Ramsey and to the governor of Minnesota asking relief, 
and a surgeon was finally sent down from Minnesota with a large supply of quinine. I also got an 
order, through the War Department, to take six companies home on veteran furlough. Many of 
the men and officers, including myself, were carried on board the steamer on stretchers, and sev 
eral died before we reached home." 

A graphic account of the sufferings of the regiment at Pine Bluff was read by Lieutenant Phil 
Skillman at its reunion, September, 1888, and printed. Interesting narratives of experience there 
by Lieutenant Colonel Hoit and Hon. F. D. Bayless have also been published. 

Lieutenant Skillman, in a letter, states: "The camp was situated from one-half to three-quar 
ters of a mile west from the Arkansas River. A bayou extended partly around the town, and our 
camp was just within this bayou. At first water was taken from the bayou, but it soon became 
so vile that it could not be used for any purpose. We were too far away to use river water, hence 
wells were sunk within the camp ground, and thereafter used. The well water was little better 
than from the bayou; the soil being sandy the wells partook of the nature of the latter. North, 
west and south, for a considerable distance, the country was wooded and brushy, with openings 
at the plantations." 



176 THE THIRD REGIMENT. 

steamer and went up White Eiver to Augusta on a scout that was led by Col. 
Mattson, the other troops consisting of a detachment of the Mnth Iowa Cavalry 
and two companies of the Twelfth Michigan Infantry. The force landed near 
Augusta at one and a half o clock the morning of December 14th, and marched 
over muddy roads to the ferry at Cache Eiver, the cavalry taking a circuitous 
route. Colonel Mattson s advance guard before daylight secured the ferry; the 
Third Regiment and other troops crotssed, moved out through the country and 
captured twenty-seven prisoners, including Col. Crabtree and two other com 
missioned officers, their horses and camp supplies. Such was a sample of its 
scouts. 

At length the winter had passed. Lee had surrendered; the war was over; 
yet the regiment had duty still to perform in helping to restore civil authority. 
Colonel Mattson having been ordered with the regiment to establish a post at 
Batesville, it embarked with him at Devall s Bluff May 13th and arrived at Bates- 
ville on the 20th. l It was, he says, i i a delightful change from barren mud hills 
to a beautiful town, rocks, hills, mountain views, flowers, shade trees, and above 
all, pure, cool, sparkling spring water not to speak of chickens, fresh butter, eggs 
and vegetables, which the old soldiers knew how to appreciate." In a gen 
eral order May 22d the colonel announced to the people of Batesville and 
surrounding country that the object of the federal occupancy of the place was 
* l their protection against armed forces of whatever kind, to give encouragement 
to agriculture and other peaceful pursuits, and restore commercial intercourse." 
People who desired to take the oath of allegiance were required to register 
their names in the provost marshal s office. Eefugees of all sorts soon gathered 
in crowds, asking protection, food, grain for seed, mules for plowing and other 
assistance. About the 1st of June Colonel Mattson, by instruction, moved his 
headquarters to Jacksonport. Companies D and G were left at Batesville, and 
the balance of the command (including some cavalry) returned down the river 
to Jacksonport, from which point Companies A and F were sent to Searcy and 
B and H to Augusta. On the 3d of June the Confederate general Jeff Thomp 
son arrived at Jacksonport and surrendered his command, which had been 
gathering about the place for some days, to Colonel Mattson. After the sur 
render, Jeff Thompson delivered his famous farewell address to his men. 
" Frequently," says Colonel Mattson in his paper read before the regiment Sept. 
1, 1886, "reports came from the mountains that bands of marauders were threat 
ening the Union men, and on the 19th of July Companies C and I were sent to occu 
py Powhatan for the better protection of the upper country. And thus the sum 
mer months passed, pleasantly enough in some respects, good health, easy work, 
plenty of amusement and good living, but we were all volunteer soldiers, and 
felt that our duty was done when the war had ceased; a strong desire to return 
to home, families and friends took possession of every one. Every steamer and 
every courier was expected to bring orders for our muster-out." 

The Third Eegiment was relieved August 21st, and the detached companies 
having come in, it left Jacksonport August 28th, was mustered out of the service at 
Devall s Bluff September 2d, and was finally discharged at Fort Snelling, Sept. 16, 
1865. During its four years of service it had in all 1,417 members, of whom there 
remained on the rolls only four hundred and thirty-two at the muster-out. It 
had a checkered, striking, yet important experience. It served continuously 
two years in Arkansas, a commonwealth of rich natural resources and destined 
to become one of the great states of the Union. More than a hundred of its dead 
sleep beneath her soil; and possibly when the era of the Civil War shall become 
classic the name of the Third Minnesota will be mentioned in her annals. Cer 
tain it is. however, that this veteran regiment never received more spontaneous 
and disinterested praise than was bestowed upon it by an eminent patriot of 
Arkansas. Isaac Murphy, who was the only man in the secession convention of 
Arkansas who voted "no," and who, like a sturdy patriot worthy of the best days 
of republican Eome, steadfastly adhered to the Union cause, and was finally 
installed as the first free state governor of Arkansas this incorruptible and 
enlightened patriot, in a voluntary communication which he sent to the gover- 



AT DEVALL S BLUFF. 177 

tior of Minnesota in token of his admiration of the Third Eegiment, said: 
"While they have been on duty in our capital good order has prevailed, and 
they have won the respect and esteem of the citizens. When called to meet 
the enemy, they have proved ready for any undertaking and reliable in every 
emergency. Such men are an honor to the Government and the cause they serve. 
Their state may justly be proud of them, as they will do her credit wherever 
duty calls them." 

12 



178 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 



ROSTER OF FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS OF THIRD REGIMENT MINNESOTA 
VETERAN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 



NAMES. 


30 

28 
33 

32 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED -REMARK"? 
OUT. 


Colonels 
Henry C. Lester 
Chauncey W. Griggs 
Christopher C.Andrews 

Hans Mattson 

Lieutenant Colonels 
BenJ. F. Smith 


Nov. 15, 61 
Dec. 1, 62 
July 15, 63 

June 13, 64 
Nov. 5, 61 




Dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 
Capt. Co. B; Maj. May 1, 62; Lt. Col. May 29, 62; res. July 15, 63. 
Capt. Company I, Lieut. Col. Dec. 1, 62; Col . Julv 15, 63; Brig. 
Gen. April 27, to date from Jan. 4, 64; Bvt.Maj.Gen.Mch.9, 65. 
Capt. Co. D, Major May 29, 62; Lt.Col. July 15, 63; Col.Apl. 27, 64. 

Resigned May 9, 62. 
Capt.Co.G,Maj.July 15, 63; Lt,Col.Apl.27, 64; resigned May 22, 65. 
1st Lt. Co. B, Capt., Maj. Nov. 13, 64; Lt. Col. May 25, 65. 

Resigned May 1 , 62. 
Capt. Co. H, Maj. Apl. 27, 61; res. before mustered, July 20, 64. 
Captain Company A, Major July 21, 64; resigned Nov. 12, 64. 

2d Lt. Co. K, Adjt. Jan. 9, 62; Capt., Com. Sub. June 13, 64. 
Serg. Company B, 2d Lt., 1st Lt., Adjt. Jan. 14, 64; Capt. Co. F. 
Apl. 17, 65; died at Devall s Bluff July, 65. 
Capt. June 10, 65;2d Lt.Dec.l, 62;lst Lt. July 21, 64;Adj.July 21, 64. 
2dand 1st Lt., Adj. .Capt. Co. F. July 19, 65; dis. per order Oct. 65, 
Serg., Serg. Maj., 2d and 1st Lieut,, Adj. May 3, 65. 

Dismissed Dec. 1, 62; 2d Lieutenant Company F. 
Resigned March 2, 64. 
Corp., Serg., Serg. Maj., Q. M.Mch. 3, 64; Capt. Co. I Jan. 1, 65. 
Sergt., 2d Lieut., 1st Lieut., Quartermaster, Capt.Co.H May 3, 65. 
Pro. Corp., Serg., 1st Lieut. Co. K, Quartermaster May 3, 65. 

Resigned Sept. 20, 63. 
Assistant Surgeon May 2, 62. 

Resigned April 8, 62. 

Resigned April 13, 62. 
Resigned June 2, 63. 
Died Sept. 11, 64, at Afton, Minn.; originally Private Co. E. 

Promoted Major 4th U. S. Colored Artillery. 
Corp., Serg., Serg. Maj.,2d Lt. Co. K, 1st Lt, Co. G April 10, 65. 
Promoted Serg., Serg. Maj., 1st Lieut. Co. E June 10, 65. 
Pro. from Company H, Quartermaster Sergeant and Sergeant 
Major July 7, 65; commissioned, but not mustered, 2d Lieut. 
Pro.fr. Co. F Oct.5, 63; 2d Lt.Co.H Apl.15, 64; 1st Lt.Co.B Jan.1 65. 
2d Lieut. Company C Jan. 30, 65; 1st Lieut. Company A. 
July 7, 65, from Sergeant Company K. 

Promoted from Sergeant Company A Oct. 5, 63. 
Promoted from Company F Nov. 15, 64. 

Promoted from Company A. 
Promoted from Company D. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Jan. 23, 64. 
Promoted from Company C. 
Promoted from Company E. 






Sept. 2, 65 


Everett W. Foster... 
James B. Hoit 


"41 


June 13, 64 
May 25, 65 

Nov. 5, 61 




Sept. 2, 65 


Majors 
John A. Hadley 
Benj. F. Rice 


Wm. W.Webster 


24 
32 

25 
25 
23 

"23" 
31 
28 

"Si" 

"39" 
35 


Sept. 21, 64 

Jan. 9, 62 
June 14, 64 

July 21, 64 
June, 63 
May 3, 65 

Aug. 30, 61 
Dec. 1 61 
Apl. 15, 64 
Jan. 1, 65 
May 3, 65 

Nov. 11 61 
Sept. 22, 63 

Nov. 11 , 61 
Sept. 5, 62 
June 13, 64 




Adjutants 
Cyrene H. Blakely 




Ephraim Pierce 




Jed. F Fuller .., 


Sept. 2, 65 


Wm. F.Morse 


Philander E. Folsom 
Quartermasters 
Samuel P.Ingman 
James P. Hewlett 
Wm. G. J. Ackers 
George L. Jameson 
Bonde Olson . 


Sept. 2, 65 


"Sept."V65 
Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. V65 

Sept. V65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Surgeons 
Levi Butler 
Albert C. Wedge 


Assistant Surgeons 
F. H. Milligan 
Moses R. Greeley 
Naham Bixby 


Chaplains 
Chauncey Hobart 


B. F. Crary 




May 4, 62 
Sept. 20, 63 
Dec. 30, 64 

Oct. 11, 61 




Simeon Putnam 






Anthony Wilford 


Sept. 2, 65 


Sergeant Majors 
William D. Hale 




Eben North 


99 


Sept. 2, 65 


Asa C. Pease 


99 




Hugh W.Donaldson 

Quartermaster Sergeants 
Henian D. Pettibone 


25 
28 





Sept. 2, 65 


Nathaniel C. Parker 
Lewis L. Herrlck 


28 
34 




Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 




Commissary Sergeants 
Josiah Oathout 






Jesse G. Jones 








Adoniram Eastman 
Hospital Stewards 
Ezra F. Peabody 
Chas. E. Bolander 
Principal Musicians 
Joseph J. Mertz 


30 

23 

26 

81 


Oct. 6, 61 

Nov. 15, 61 
June 13, 64 


Sept. 2, 65 


Sept. 2, 65 


Lucien W.Allen 
Lucius A. Hancock 


25 
21 





Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 







COMPANY A. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY A. 



179 



NAMES. 


ri 

3 


MUSTERED 

IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Wm. W. Webster 
Chas. W A. Nudd 
Otto F Dreher 


"25" 

26 


Oct. 28, 61 
July 21, 64 
Oct. 2, 64 

Nov. 11, 61 
Dec. 1, 61 
Apl. 17, 65 

Dec. 1 , 61 
Oct. 2, 64 

June 24, 64 
Oct. 4, 61 
Sept 25 61 




Promoted Major; resigned Nov. 12, 64. 
Promoted Serg., 2d Lieut., 1st Lieut., Capt.; resigned August, 64. 
Serg. Company F, pro. 1st Lieut. Dec. 1, 62; died 89. 

Appointed Regimental Quartermaster Dec. 1, 61. 
Promoted from 2d Lieutenant; dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 

Promoted from 1st Sergeant; resigned September, 64. 

Drafted; deserted February, 65; supposed to be dead. 
Corporal; died at Louisville, Ky., April 5, 62. 
Discharged for disability July 1, 61. 
Discharged for disability March 10, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Sergeant. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 
Died at Devall s Bluff Sept. 11, 63. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 
Sergeant; discharged for disability October, 62. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; dis. from hospital Sept, 18, 65. 
Transferred from Company I; re-enlisted December, 63. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; pro.Corp.; died at Pine Bluff Aug.16, 64. 
Discharged for disability November, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged for disability July, 62. 
Killed at Wood Lake, Minn., Sept. 23, 62. 
Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Devall s Bluff Nov. 27, 64. 
Promoted Corporal; discharged on exp. of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged per order June 20, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 5, 63. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 
Deserted Nov. 17, 64; supposed to be dead. 
Deserted May 17, 65. 
Discharged per order Jjiily 23, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 63; transferred to V. R. C. Jan. 13, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 64; pro. Capt. 57th U. S. C. I. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; died at Devall s Bluff Nov. 25, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Discharged for disability October, 62. 
Promoted 1st Lieut, in 57th U. S. Colored Infantry Sept. 28, 64. 
Cook (colored). 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Died at Columbus, Ky., Sept. 10, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 
Drafted. 
Promoted 1st Sergeant; discharged for disability Feb. 16, 64. 
Discharged for disability March 20. 63. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Nov. 18, 63. 
Sergeant; re-enlisted December, 64. 
1st Lieutenant 112th U. S. Colored Infantry May 26, 64. 
Corporal; promoted Commissary Sergeant Oct. 5, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 5, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; deserted Feb. 3, 65. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 6, 64. 
Died December, 62. 
Discharged per order July 23, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Drafted. 
Drafted; discharged from hospital in 65. 
Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 
Transferred from Co. H; re-enlisted Dec. 63; pro. Corporal. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 8, 64. 

Promoted Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 
Discharged for disability March, 62. 
Discharged April 10, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; discharged from hospital Sept. 4, 65. 




Sept. 2, 65 
Mch 2 64 


First Lieutenants 
James P Hewlett 


Adolphus P. Elliott 
Nathaniel C. Parker 
Second Lieutenants 
Geo McKinley 


"28" 
30 

21 
27 
23 
22 
21 
28 
19 
18 
27 
40 
27 
25 
18 

20" 
29 
32 
32 
23 
21 
21 
18 
23 
29 
29 
39 
30 
37 
21 
38 
30 
20 
44 
35 
16 
24 
29 
24 
19 
26 
28 
20 
23 
22 
39 
28 
18 
19 
21 
41 
39 
33 
28 
31 
28 
22 
24 
22 
20 
27 
26 
34 
28 
41 
18 
28 
35 
18 




Sept. 2, 65 


Francis M. Jenks 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adler Frank 










Angell, C. L 




Atkinson, Wm 


Sept. 25, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Sept. 1, 64 
Oct. 15, 61 
Sept. 16, 62 
Sept. 25, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
Oct. 9, 61 




Akinson irenus 


Sept. 2, 65 


Barcow, Charles 
Bisko \Vm 


Biske Aug 




Brown, James E 






Carson, A. B 
Carson Benj F 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Camp Cassius P 


Sept. 25 , 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Sept. 3, 64 
Aug. 26, 64 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 6, 61 
May 27, 64 
Oct. 4, 61 
Aug. 31, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
June 25, 64 
Oct. 4, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
Aug. 23, 64 
Nov. 6, 63 
Sept, 5, 64 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Oct. 15, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Nov. 15, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Nov. 1, 63 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Aug. 31, 64 
June 25, 64 
Oct. 15, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Mch.30, 64 
Sept. 25, 61 
June 27 , 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
Oct. 9, 64 
June 25, 64 
June 25, 64 
Oct. 25, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 25, 61 
Oct. 2, 6? 
Oct. 8, 61 


Chamberlain, Philander... 
Christopherson, Chris 
Cogley John W 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept." 2 , 65 


Cowan Elias 


Cowan, Elisha 




Coleman, Seldon 




Coleman, M. N 




Coleman, A. N 




Coleman, John A 
Collins, A. C 






Councilman, H. L 




Cunningham, John 
Darwin, Mathew 


Sept. 2, 65 


Davis, George 




Donan, James 




Doyle, A. N 
Dryer Henry 


Se pt ."V65 


Dudley, L.E 


Ehliers, Thos 




Einsitler Sebastian 






Foster, Daniel L 
Foster, Wm 





Fox, Jonathan N 




Frederick, Cornelius 
Fredericks, Wm. H 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Gamage, O. D 


Golder Orvel 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Grant, D. W. C 


Green, Dudley 


Green, Thomas H 




Green, Pleasant 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Hamilton, M. P 


Heald, Ezra M 


Heald, Samuel W 


Heath, Wm 


Sept. 2, 65 


Honat, James 


Hohenstein, Adam 


Sept. 2, 65 


Hough, Abner 


Hudson, Charles W 





Hudson, Charles W . .. 


Sept. 2, 65 


Hunt, Daniel H 


Jacques, E. R 


Sept. 2, 65 


Jenks, John E 


Jones, Jesse G 




Jones, John 




Kader, George 




Kemp, W.A.. 




Klas, John 




Lincoln, W. P 




Magg, Philip 
Maxfield.Geo. S 
Manteuffel, Gustaf 


Sept."V65 


May, John C 




Mealy, Wm. P 




Mealy, Cornelius 


Sept. 2, 65 


McCaslin, Joseph B 
McCausland, C. H 
McKee, H. J. 


23 
21 
23 
22 
24 
23 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


McDonald, Amos 
McDonald, Patrick 




Minister, Martin 






180 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTEK OF COMPANY A Continued. 



NAMES. 



Mitchell, Geo. E 

Millett, John S 

Moor, Geo. W 

Montgomery, John V 

Mooseman Frederick 

Nelson, Nels 

Nelson, Samuel A 

Nelson, Abraham 

Nott. George 

Oothoudt,Josiah 

Patten, Wm. J 

Palm, Joseph , 

Peabody.EzraF , 

Phillips, James H 

Pletstoesser, August 

Pratt, Jay 

Price, James C 

Putnam, Joseph R 

Raymond, S. J 

Redlon, Cyrus F 

Robinson, Alfred B 

Ross, Edwin E 

Rosskop, Peter 

Rowell, Salisbury 

Rodney, Timothy 

Salter,John A 

Seims, John 

Scherf, Herman 

Shade, John C 

Shauls.Carl 

Shultz, CarlF 

Shultte, Frederick 

Sharrew, Thomas 

Shaeffer. Henry 

Smith, Joseph H 

Smith.Samuel , 

Smith, S.D 

Smith, John E 

Sperry.Nat.D 

Spanmeth. Charles 

Stiles, Wm. M 

Stark, Felix B 

Sydlinker, Chas. M 

Thompson, Henry F 

Thomas, Alva C 

Todd, Jerome G..". 

Trump, Anthony 

Varney, Elbridge J 

Valkenaut, Fred 

Waldorph, Marvin 

Walters, Wm. B 

Wagner, August 

Wilkinson, Chauncey B.. 

Wilkinson, Kleber 

Woodworth.Edward 

Woodworth, Dryden 

Worley, John 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Oct. 25 61 
Men. 23, 64 
Oct. 25/61 
Oct. 16, 61 1 
June 24, 64: 
Sept. 3, 64 
Sept. 1, 64 
Sept. 1, 61 
Oct. 25/61 
Oct. 25/61 
Oct. 9, 61 
June 25/64! 
Nov. 15, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
June 27/64 
Sept. 25/61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Sept, 25, 61 
Sept. 27/61 
Oct. 28/61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Aug. 31, 64 
Aug. 23, 64 
Aug. 23, 64 
Sept. 5/64 
Sept. 1, 6-t 
June 17, 64 
June 24, 64 
June 25, 64 
June 27/64 
June 27/65 
Oct. 28/61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Aug. 31/64 
Aug. 26, 64 
Oct. 4/61 
June 19/64 
Oct. 22/61 
Sept. 25/61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Sept. 30/61 
Oct. 22/61 
Oct. 10/61 
June25, 64 
Sept. 27/61 
June27/64 
Sept. 25/61 ! 
Sept. 25/61 
June 27/64 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27/61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Oct. 10/61 
Sept. 6/64 



Sept, 2/65 



REMARKS. 



Sept. 2/66 
Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, C.5 



Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Discharged for disability November, 62. 

Discharged per order June 20, 65. 

Promoted Corporal; discharged on exp. of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 16, 64. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Oct. 2, 64. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Discharged for disability March 31, 63. 

Drafted; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 23, 64. 

Promoted Hospital Steward. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., June 15, 64. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 7, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; discharged for disability July 21, 65. 

Promoted 2d Lieutenant Company K Jan. 9, 62. 

Died en route from Louisville to Nashville March 31, 62. 

Musician; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; pro. 2d Lt. 113th U. S. C. I. 

Musician; discharged for disability June, 62. 

Killed at Wood Lake, Minn., Sept. 23, 62. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Transferred to Veteran R eserve Corps January, 65. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Drafted. 

Substitute. 

Substitute. 

Drafted; died at Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 14, 64. 

Drafted; discharged for disability May 23, 65. 

Sergeant; discharged for disability April 10, 62. 

Died July 17, 62. 

Discharged per order July 23/65. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 

Discharged for disability November, 62. 

Drafted; died at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 16/64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Wagoner; discharged on expiration of term, Sept. 30, 64. 

Discharged for disability Jan. 24, 63. 

Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 

Drafted; discharged per order June 20, 65. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63. 

Drafted; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 4, 64. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted December, 62; pro. Sergeant. 

Discharged per order July 12, 65. 

Corporal; discharged for disability March 29, 62. 

Deserted August, 62; returned August, 63, and re-enlisted. 

Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged per order July 23, 65. 



ROSTER OF COMPANY B. 



NAMES. 


K 

4 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Cnptains 
Chauncey W. Griggs 


>8 


Oct. 12, 61 




Major May 1, 62; Lieut. Col. May 29, 62; Col. Dec. 1, 62. 


James B. Hoit 


86 


May 1 62 




1st Lieut Nov 7 61- Major Nov. 13/64; Lieut. Col. May 25, 65. 


Jed F. Fuller. 


24 


July 7 65 


Sept 2 65 


Promoted 2d Lieutenant and 1st Lieutenant Company A, Cap 


First Lieutenants 
Rollin C Olin 


90 


May 1 62 




tain Company B July 7, 65. 
Promoted Captain and Assistant Adjutant General of volun 


Jonathan A. Churchill.. 


?fi 


Mch. 12/63 






teers Mav 11, 63; 2d Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant May 1, 62. 
Resigned Dec. 31, 64; 1st Sergeant Sept. 26, 61; 2d Lieutenant. 


Heinan D. Pettibone 
Second Lieutenant 
Henry A. Duraud 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Anderson, John 
Anderson, Lars 
Andrus, George 


24 

29 
30 
? 9 


Feb. 21/65 
Aug. 13, 64 

Sept. 26, 61 
Mch. 30/64 
Nov. 1 61 


Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2/65 


Private Company F; promoted 2d Lieutenant Companv H July 
24, 64; 1st Lieutenant Feb. 21, 65; Brevet Captain, 65. 
Sergeant Sept. 26, 61; re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted 2d 
Lieutenant Aug. 13, 64; resigned Dec. 28, 64. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., Feb. 2, 65. 
Discharged for disability Feb 3 62. 


Arneson, Arne 


29 


Sept. 26. 61 





Re-enlisted Feb. 2. 64: trans, to Vet. Reserve Corps Jan. 15, 65. 



COMPANY B. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



181 



NAMES. 



Balyet, Jacob 

Bayliss, Frank D 

Bill, David 

Bixby, Nahum 

Bliss, Steward 

Boyden, Chas. A 

Boarduian, James 

Borrisford, John 

Box well, John 

Brown, Joseph C 

Bromley, Milton 

Brunell, Peter 

Brunei), Frank 

Brongen, Lars E 

Breuer, George 

Cartwright, F. M 

Church, Milo 

Clement, Rufus J 

Clegg, Francis 

Cowell, Thos. F 

Colson, Lewis 

Colson, John 

Cochrane, John 

Colter, Joseph 

Coffee, Edward 

Cubberson, Linda 

Dana, John 

Dauchy, C. H 

Dean, Reuben B 

Douglas, RobertE 

Eigle, Joseph 



Else, Ludwing 

Ehrenberg, John 19 

Fisk, JarnesL 21 

Fowler, Giles H 29 

Freeman, I. F 34 

Freygang, Edward 19 

Galusha, F. B 34 

Gales, Alfred 21 

Getman, Jerry E 26 

Glass, Peter 28 

Godfrey, George | 16 

Green, Edward 43 

Gustafson, August ]8 

Hanson, Ole 21 

Hand, Benj 41 

35 
18 

SB 

81 

27 
88 
28 
19 

23 
21 

23 

44 
18 

Johnson, John 21 

Johnson, John I 25 

Johnson, Charles 18 

40 
23 
4-2 
26 
23 
21 
IS 
24 
27 
24 
24 
29 
25 
28 
28 
24 
29 
18 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Harrington, Michael 

Hardy, Eustice K 

Hamlin, John 

Hendrickson,Ole 

Hight, John 

Hoyt, Charles I 

Hunt, Albert G 

Hutchins, James G 

Inholt, Antin 

Inghatn, Nathan 

Ives, E. S 

Iberson, Abraham 

Iberson, Geo. A. 



Johnson, Lars 

Latta, James 

Larson, John 

Leith, Thomas 

Link, Ross 

Le Clair, Peter 

Lind, John 

Mayer, Simon 

Melike, Fred S 

Moulton, John 

Morey, Henry M 

Munson, John 

Neil, Samuel 

Ness, Henry 

Ogar, John 

Oliver, Walter 

Otis, Wesley C 

Patton, Andrew.... 

Parks, Geo. W 

Parks, Alfred 

Partridge, Elisha G 

Palmer, Joseph 

Peterson, Andrew 

Peterson, James 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 6! 
Sept. 26, 61 
St-pt, 26/61 
Oct. 7 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Nov. 7/61 
Nov. 7, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 25, 61 
Jan. 15, 63 
Nov. 7, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 15, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Jan. 17, 64 
Oct. 14, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
June20, 64 
Sept, 26, 61 
June 20, 64 
Nov. 7, 61 

Oct. 12, 61 

Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Junel7, 64 
Oct. 27, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Aug. 15, 63 
Oct. 26, 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 12/61 
Jan. 14, 63 
Jan. 5, 64, 
Oct. 26, 6 1 . 
Oct. 22, 61 !. 
Apl. 18, 64^. 
Mch.17, 64 ! . 
June 20, 64 1 
Aug. 26 64 i. 
Aug. 23, 64 
June 27, 64 
Nov. 7, 61 
Feb. 8/64 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 26/61 
Oct. 11/61 
Feb. 6/64 
Feb. 6/64 
Oct. 26/61 
Oct. 27/61! 
Oct. 12/61 1 
June 27, 64 
Oct. 26, 6li 
June 27, 64! 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Aug. 23, 64 
Oct. 22/61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
June 20/64 
June 25, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
June20, 64 
Sept. 26/61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 11/61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 11/61 
Oct. 11/61 
Dec. 28, 63 
June20/64 l 
Nov. 7/61 1 
Sept. 26/61 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept, 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



REMARKS. 



Sept, 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept, 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept."2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept." , 65 



Sept, 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 
Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Discharged for disability May 23, 62. 

Deserted July, 62; returned in June; re-enlisted. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Sergeant. 

Corporal; deserted at Chicago, 111., Jan. 25, 63. 

Transferred from Co. G; discharged for disability May 9, 63. 

Re-enlisted February, 64; Corporal. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; Musician. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; died at Prairie du Chien Dec. 16, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 16, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; wounded at Fitzhugh s Woods, Ark. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 16, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Died Oct. 4, 64. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 16, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; discharged per order May 31, 65. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 16, 64. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Discharged for disability March 11, 62. 

Drafted; died Sept. 23, 64. 

Discharged for disability March 28, 62. 

Died Aug. 27, 64. 

Corporal; wounded at battle of Wood Lake, Minn.; discharged 

for disability March 18, 63. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 16, 64. 
Appointed A. Q. M. of Vol., with rank of Capt., May 29, 62. 
Promoted Corporal; discharged for disability March 13, 62. 
Drafted. 

Promoted Corporal: re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 
Discharged for disability. 

Deserted Jan. 10, 63. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; transferred to V. R. C. Jan. 15, 65. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; Musician. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 26, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; killed at Fitzhugh s Woods April 1, 64. 
Discharged for disability May 28, 63. 
Discharged for disability Dec. 7, 64. 
Transferred from Company K Aug. 10, 64. 

Discharged per order July 23, 64. 

Discharged per order July 23, 64. 

Drafted. 

Sergeant; wnd. April 1, 64; dis. on exp. of term, Nov. 16, 64. 

Deserted Jan. 10, 63. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Discharged for disability March 28, 62. 

Discharged for disability Dec. 7, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; discharged per order May 30, 65. 

Drafted; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Nov. 7, 64. 

Promoted Corporal; died at Little Rock, Ark., Jan. 6, 64. 

Drafted; died at Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 21, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 27, 64. 

Promoted Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 18, 64. 

Sergeant; discharged for disability Feb. 28, 62. 

Drafted; died at Devall s Bluff, Ark., Dec. 7, 64. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 23, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; wounded at Wood Lake, Minn. 

Corporal; discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 

Deserted Jan. 21, 63. 

Deserted March 22, 63. 

Discharged for disability March 28, 62. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; died at Pine Bluff Aug. 12, 64. 

Discharged for disability May 10, 65. 

Drafted; discharged for disability Dec. 7, 64. 

Corporal; promoted Sergeant; dis. on exp. of term, Sept. 25, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 



182 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY B Continued. 



NAMES. 


K 
< 

19 
28 
28 
28 
33 
19 
28 
25 
27 
28 
27 
-25 
35 
24 
26 
18 
18 
24 
36 
21 
26 
30 
22 
26 
28 
23 
19 
81 
21 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS, 




Sept 23 6 




Discharged for disability July 15, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 10, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 10, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., June 24, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Discharged for disability March 13, 62. 
Wnd. at Fitzhugh s Woods; dis. on exp. of term, Oct. 3, 64. 
Discharged for disability July 10, 62. 
Discharged for disability July 14, 62. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; discharged per order April 29, 65. 
Killed at Fitzhugh s Woods April 1, 64. 
Re-enl. Feb. 2, 64; Corp., Serg., Capt. 112th U. S. C. I. Nov. 7, 64. 
Discharged per order June 10, 65. 
Deserted Jan. 10, 63; Wagoner. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 

Discharged for disability May 22, 65. 
Discharged for disability Jan. 10, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 
Promoted Corporal; discharged for disability in 62. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 17, 63. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; pro. Corp., 1st Lieut. 113th U. S. C. I. 
Corporal; died at Cottage Grove, Minn., Aug. 18, 63. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 15, 64. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 2, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Died at Belmont, Ky., Jan. 29, 62. 
Discharged per order July 29, 65. 


Reynofds, S. D 


Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 15, 63 
Aug. 27, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
May 30, 64 
Nov. 7 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 25, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Jan. 22, 64 
Oct. 4, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Oct. 6, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Sept. 26, 61 
Oct. 16 , 61 
Oct. 18, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 









Sanburg, Andrew 
Sacket D P 










Scofield A Z 




Scofield J W 


Selon George 




Shearier, Wm 
Simmons, B. Frank 
Smedberg, Andrew J 
Stevenson, John 
Sloan Win. L 








"Sept/2J 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Standish Miles D 


Sumner Palmer 


Swanson, Gustaf 
Taylor, Elias T 
Tibbets Franklin 


Tucker, A. W 




Twcett Joseph 


Ward, James K 


Sept. 2, 65 


Welch Wm 


Welch J D 


Sept. 2, 65 

"sept! v65 


Woodbury, John P 
Wood Ch arles 


Wood, ColemanM 
Wood, Wm. H 



ROSTER OF COMPANY C. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 

Captains 
John R. Bennett 




Wm.H. Mills 
Edwin Hillman 


44 


David Misner 


40 




30 


First Lieutenants 
Lewis Hardy 
Wm. F. Grummons 
Andrew J. Borland 
Second Lieutenants 
JohnV. Reaves 

Nathan ieTC. Parker 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Allen Lucien W 


"si 

27 
25 
24 
24 


Allen Alonzo 


28 


Anderson, Wm. W 
Balconb John 


18 
20 




23 




37 


Bagely Harvey 


20 




21 


Black, Alexander 


25 
43 


Bowdon, Richard D 
Brown Isaac 


27 

18 




44 


Bradish, Chas. E 
Bryant Amassa E 


18 
21 


Burlingame, Lewis J 
Burton, JohnsonS 
Case Orin 


19 
44 

18 


Carmezie Wm 


18 


Chapin, James P 
Chapin, Franklin W 
Chapin Franklin 


18 

18 
18 


Clark, ZibaB 


18 


Clark, Lemuel A 


20 


Coyle, Henry 
Conrad John 


24 
18 


Conklin, John P 


18 


Crowel, Thos 


19 


Craig, David C 


^ 


Craig, Henry.... 


28 



MUSTERED 



Oct. 13, 61 
Feb. 29, 62 
Dec. 1, 62 
Feb. 18, 64 
Apl. 1, 65 

Feb. 22, 62 
June 8, 62 
Sept. 20, 64 

Sept. 20, 64 
Jan. 30, 65 

Oct. 11 61 

Feb. 26, 64 
Jan. 13, 65 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Mch. 24, 65 
Feb. 16, 64 
Feb. 15, 65 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 3, 64 
Mch. 26, 64 
Sept. 3, 64 
Feb. 22, 64 1 
Oct. 11 62! 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 28, 64 
Oct. 11 61 
Mch. 31, 64 
Oct. 11 , 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
May 31, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11 61 
Jan. 7, 63 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2 , 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



REMARKS. 



Resigned Feb. 22, 62. 

Promoted from 1st Lieut, Feb. 27, 62; dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 
Sergeant; promoted 2d Lieut, and Captain; resigned Feb. 18, 64. 
Promoted Major 1st Regiment Heavy Artillery 65. 
Sergeant Company H Oct. 19, 61; 2d and 1st Lieutenant. 

Promoted from 2d Lieutenant Feb. 22, 62; resigned Jan. 8, 63. 
1st Serg.; promoted 2d Lieut, and 1st Lieut.; resigned Feb. 18, 64. 
Corporal; promoted 2d Lieut. Dec. 1, 62; 1st Lieut. Nov. 20, 63. 

Sergeant; re-enlisled Feb. 2, 64; promoted 2d Lieutenant; died 

at DevalPs Bluff, Ark., Jan. 29, 65. 
Sergeant; pro. Q. M. Sergeant, and transf. to N. C. S. July 12, 65. 

Musician; pro. to Prin. Musician; transf. to N. C. S. July 1, 63. 
Died at Pine Bluff Sept. 25, 65. 

Corporal; discharged for disability June 13, 62. 
Discharged for disability June 10, 62. 
Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 1, 64. 



Wagoner; discharged for disability in 62. 
Discharged per order July 8, 65. 

Discharged per order July 8, 65. 

Discharged per order June 17, 65. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., April 28, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Died in Arkansas Sept. 17, 64. 

Re enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Transferred to Co. June, 64; died at Memphis Aug. 18, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged for disability April 10, 62. 

Substitute; died Dec. 4, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Re-enjisted March 1, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged per order June 17, 65. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Dec. 13, 64. 

Re-enlisted March 1, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; transferred to V. R. C. Jan. 15, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21 , 63. 



COMPANY C. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY C Continued. 



183 



Craig, John E 

Curran, Alfred I 

Cummings, Julius 

Dodge, Milo I 

Doane, Henry | 

Douglas, Thomas ...I 

Duff, John G I 

Early, John F | 

English, Joseph 

Essington, Hiram I 

Farnsworth, Harlem J...., 

Fate, Jesse C 

Fay, Aivah 

Farnsworth, Henry W 

Fate, Robert E 

Farnsworth, Isaac 

Ferris, Elias K 

French, Wm. C 

Fryer, Francis N 

Freeman, Marion L 

Frazier, Nelson C 



Gasper, Jacob. 

Gaylord, Martin 



Olass, Henry 

Goodwin, John W 

Good, Abraham 

Green, Asahel 

Gunderson,Ole 

Hanson, Chas. B 

Hartzhorn, Jesse 

Hazleton, Wm. G 

Hawkins.John 

Hawkins, Azlmer 

Harvey, Wm 

Hartzhorn, Elias 

Hayes, Joseph 

Howe.Arlon. L 

Kurd, Mathias 

Ide, Francis B 

Jennings, Arthur 

Jones, Emanuel 

Judd, Wm 

Kent, Chas. A 

Kenyon, Ransler B 

Kiuiball, Lewis 

K lacker, Chas. R 

Knox, Geo. D 

Lamb, Abel 

Learned, Carlton 

Leeper, George 

Luce, Walter 

Luce, George 

Luce, Walter 

Lund, James P 

Madden, Richard E 

McDonald, John 

McGowan.Wm 

McKay, George 

Nichols, James 

Newton, Johnson M 

North, Eben 

Norris, Harry 

Nutting, John 

Olds, Nathan 

Olds, Simeon 

Olds,Nelson 

Owen, Edson 

Parker, Josiah W..... 

Parker, Louis 

Pendall, Byron 

Pendergrass, John W 

Perry, Corydon W 

Pitcher, Wm. A 

Priest.Edmund W 

Pulford, Joseph 

Rathburn,Day 

Rathburn, Emery 

Rexford, Edwin M 

Richardson, Sorners D 

Richardson, Handley 

Ripley.JohnD 

Root, James 

Rossnian, Harrison 

Rolfe.OtisH 

Robinson, Henry 

Rose, Archibald 

Kolfe, Jasper 



MUSTERED i MUSTERED 
Is. OUT. 



REMARKS. 



Sept. 3, 64 
Feb. 16, 64! 
Feb. 29, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 25, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 3, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 6, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 3, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Dec. 15, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 8, 64 
Apl. 26, 62 
Dec. 20, 64 
Sept. 3 , 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11 61 
July 12, 64 1 
Feb. 26, 64 j 
Feb. 25 , 64! 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 30, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Dec. 21, 63 
Feb. 6, 64 
Feb. 6, 64 
Oct. 11 61 ! 
Mch.30, 64 
June 20, 64 
Nov. 21 , 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Jan. 20, 63 i 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Aug. 30, 64 
Feb. 12, 64 
Oct. 11,*! 
Oct. 11 61 1 
Oct. 11, 61| 
Mch. 15, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11/61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Mch.30, 64 
Mch. 30, 64 . 
Sept. 1, 64 . 
Sept. 3, 64 . 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept, 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Kept, 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

Sept .""V65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sep t ."v65 

Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Discharged per order 64. 

Died Oct. 2, 64. 

Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 9, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged for disability June 13, 63. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 25, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability July 12, 62. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Feb. 25, 64; promoted Sergeant. 

Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted. 

Deserced from Fort Snelling Nov. 15, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Died at Devall s Bluff Oct. 5, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Sergeant; died at Belmont, Ky., March 21, 62. 
Discharged for disability June 7, 62. 
Died at Camp Tyler, Tex., Dec. 14, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 61. 
Died at Belmont, Ky., Feb. 8, 62. 

Discharged for disability November, 62. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Corporal; promoted Sergeant; died on hospital boat Nov. 28, 63. 

Died at Memphis Sept. 19, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 27, 64. 

Cook (colored). 

Discharged from hospital Sept. 19, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Promoted Corporal; discharged for disability Nov. 15, 62. 

Re-enlisted Aug. 15, 64. 

Cook (colored.) 

Died at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Nov. 1, 64. 



Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; discharged from hospital Sept. 19, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Re-enlisted Oct. 15, 64. 

Discharged for disability May 29, 65. 



Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 15, 64. 

Drafted; died at Pine Bluff Oct. 13, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 5, 64; died at home in Minnesota Sept. 6, 64. 

Corporal; discharged for disability Oct. 4, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Discharged per order June 17, 65. 

Corp.;re-enl.Dec.21, 63;pro.Serg.,Serg.Maj.Apl.l9, 65;lstLt.Co.Q. 

Deserted from Chicago Oct. 2, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged per order June 17, 65. 

Deserted from Fort Snelling Nov. 6, 61. 
Deserted from Fort Heiman, Ky., March 22, 63, 
Deserted from Benton Barracks Aug. 7, 62. 

Died at Devall s Bluff, Ark., December, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged for disability April 18, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 

Died at Snyder s Bluff, Ark., July 14, 63. 

Died at Nashville Nov. 20, 62. 



Discharged for disability March 10, 65. 



. Discharged per order July 28, 65. 



184 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY C Continued. 



NAMES. 


e 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 

"s ept .""V65 


REMARKS. 


Rue, Lewis S 


18 
23 
25 
18 
33 
25 
37 
19 
34 
32 
36 
25 
28 
19 
21 
18 
22 
19 
32 
18 
44 
35 
27 


Feb. 6 , 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Dec. 15, 62 
Sept, 3, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11 , 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Mch. 24, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Mch. 30, 64 
Mch. 31 , 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 


Discharged per order May 5, 65. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; 1st Lieutenant U. S. Colored Infantry. 
Died February, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged for disability April 13, 62. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 19, 64. 
Died on steamer J. S. Pringle on Mississippi River Dec. 3, 64. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 24, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; 1st Lieut, 57th U. S. Colored Infantry.- 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Killed at Murfreesboro, Tenii., July 13, 62. 
Discharged. 


Rundall, Leroy L 


Ruggles, Jasper W 






Satterlee, Sanford 
Scovil Ezra 









Smith Daniel B 








Stark, James 


Tait, Joseph 
Tophliff, David W 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Wagoner, Charles 
Wallace, Horace H 
Wallace, Albert H 
Wagner William 






Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Weed, Geo. C 


West Elijah 


Weymouth, Henry B 


Whitinore, Henry 
Woodburn, Valentine 
Workman, James , 


Nov. 16, 62 





ROSTER OF COMPANY D. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

Hans Mattson 

Hans Eustrom 

John A. Vanstrum.... 
First Lieutenants 

Lars K. Aaker 

John G. Gustafson.... 

Ezra T. Cham pi in.. .. 
Second Lieutenants 

Olof Liljegren 

Jonas Lindall 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abrahamson, Nels 

Ammundson, Knud 

Anderson, Chas. J 

Anderson, Olif 

Anderson, John A 

Anderson, Gustavus 

Anderson, German 

Anderson, Peter 

Austin, Anton 

Anfenson, Thor 

Berg, Jonas 

Benjamin, Benjamin O.. 
Bergland, Erick 



Bloomberg, John 

Bolander, Chas. E 



Bong, Elias... 

Carlson, Frank A 

Cedergren, John 

Charlson, Carl R 

Charlson, John 

Christianson, Michael.. 

Dahlberg, Swan 

Davidson, Augustus 

Dedon, Andrew J.... 

Eckland, Halfour 

Eisberg, Nels 

Erickson, John 

Erickson, Jacob 

Erickson, John 

Erickson, Charles 

Erickson, John 

Erickson, Ole , 

Erickson, Peter 

Falin,01of. 

Froja, Peter .> 

Framan, Victor 

Glader, Gustavus A.... 
Goranson, Peter 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Nov. 4, 61 
May 30, 62 
Aug. 2, 62 

Oct. 4, 61 
Oct. 1. 62 
Dec. 16, 64 

Aug. 2, 62 
Sept. 25, 64 

Oct. 3, 61 
June 17, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 23 61 
Sept. 5, 64 
Jan. 22, 63 
Jan. 20, 63 
Oct. 22, 61 
Sept. 1, 64 
Sept. 5, 64 
Aug. 27, 64 
Feb. 11, 64 
Mch. 11, 64 
Jan. 22, 64 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
June 20, 64 
Sept, 5, 64 
Sept. 3, 64 
Aug. 30, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 15, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 
Nov. J, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
June 29, 64 
Sept. 7, 64 
Oct. 8, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Jan. 22, 64 
Nov. 4, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



REMARKS. 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Major May 29, 62; Lieut. Col. July 15, 63; Col. April 27, 64. 

i 2d Lieut.; promoted 1st Lieut,, Capt.; resigned Aug. 2, 62. 

Sept. 2, 65 1 1st Sergeant; promoted 2d Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant, Cap 
tain; promoted Major; discharged with regiment. 

| Resigned March 30, 62. 

Serg.; 2d Lieut., 1st Lieut.; Lieut. Col. 112th U. S. C. I. Nov. 16, 64. 

Sept. 2, 65 Promoted from 2d Lieutenant Company G. 

Serg.; pro. 2d Lieut.; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept, 25, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted 2d Lieutenant; promoted 1st 
Lieutenant Company H Nov. 4, 61; discharged Sept. 2, 64. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 3, 64; promoted Corporal. 
Drafted; discharged per order July 15, 65. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 3, 64; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 3, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 4, 64. 
Died at Fort Snelling, Minn., Feb. 1, 63. 
Re-enlisted Feb. 3, 64; died at Pine Bluff Sept. 14, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Died at Memphis Oct. 8, 63. 
Discharged for disability May 26, 63. 
Died at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Oct. 15, 63. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Discharged per order July 21, 65. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Promoted Hospital Steward June 13, 64. 
Died Nov. 9, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 3, 64; promoted Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 8, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Died at Red Wing, Minn., Jan. 2, 62. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal, Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 11, 62. 

Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 

Died at Belmont, Ky., Feb. 26, 62. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 4, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Nov. 22, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Corporal; discharged for disability March 29, 62. 

Discharged for disability March 15, 62. 

Died at Little Rock Oct. 20, 64. 

Corp.; promoted Sergeant; dis. on exp. of term, Nov. 14, 64, 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 28, 65. 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



COMPANY D. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY D Continued. 



185 



NAMES. 


a 

9 

< 


MUSTEKED MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 


REMARKS. 




22 
21 
22 
30 
25 
21 
32 
18 
18 
32 
28 
31 
21 
37 
21 
21 
25 
35 
41 
41 
27 
30 
25 
26 
37 
21 
30 
28 
24 
34 
21 
36 
44 
18 
31 
21 
21 
33 
37 
21 
38 
31 
30 
44 
33 
30 
21 
36 
31 
33 
30 
25 
22 
35 
26 
29 
27 
30 
21 
34 
36 
22 
38 
21 
24 
45 
28 
31 
18 
28 
23 
42 
34 
29 
18 
28 
24 
21 
25 
44 
23 
18 
19 
22 
20 
21 
40 


Oct. 3, 61 ! 
Jan. 22, 64 ! 
Oct. 6, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Nov. 1, 61 
June 24, 64 
Jan. 22, 64 
June 20, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Feb. 25, 64 
Mch.17, 64 
Aug. 30, 64 
Nov. 4, 61 
Oct. 13 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 29, 64 
Oct. 8, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Nov. 4, 61 
Jan. 20, 63 
May 31, 64 
Aug. 29, 64 
Jan. 22, 64 
Aug. 29, 64 
Nov. 4, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
June 20 64 




Pro. Corp.; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; discharged Dec. 26, 64. 
Died at Devall s Bluff, Ark., Dec. 9, 65. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., 64. 
Died at Nashville, Tenu., March 1, 63. 
Re-enlisted Jan./64; discharged from hospital September/65. 
Promoted Corporal; died at Fort Suelling Sept. 9/62. 
Discharged for disability April 16, 62. 

Drafted. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Corp.; pro. Serg.; dis. on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Corporal; died at home, in Minnesota, March 17, 63. 
Died at home, in Minnesota, in 62; Wagoner. 


Gustafson, Charles 






Hamilton, Mattis S. S 






Hassler Charles. 






Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 


Halverson Talleff. 




Hanson Torcy 


Hglfverson, Ole. 







Holm PeterA 


Holstad, Human A 
Hokanson John 






Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; discharged with regiment. 

Died at Devall s Bluff Dec. 14, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Discharged for disability March 29, 62; Musician. 
Died at Memphis, Tenn., Sept, 25, 62. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Sergeant; died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 5, 62. 
Pro. Serg.; re-enl. Feb. 2, 64; pro. 1st Lieut. Co. I July 28, 65. 
Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 
Discharged for disability March 18, 63. 
Discharged for disability July 12/62; re-enlisted Feb. 5/64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1/64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; discharged for disability May 4, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept 17, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Died at Little Rock Jan. 11, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; died at Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 30, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Nov. 22, 64; substitute. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Died at Fort Snelling Nov. 23, 62. 
Died at Red Wing, Minn., Oct. 15, 62. 
Discharged for disability Jan 14, 65. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Sergeant. 
Transferred to Invalid Corps Oct. 3, 63. 
Died at Little Rock Jan. 24, 64. 

Died at Mound City, 111., Aug. 1, 63. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; pro. Corp.; died at Cairo, 111., Jan. 1/65. 
Discharged for disability March 14, 63. 
Died at Columbus, Ky., June 29, 63. 
Transferred to Invalid Corps Oct. 3, 63. 
Discharged for disability July 5, 62. 
Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 6, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Died at Nashville, Tenn., April 22, 62. 
Corp.; re-enl. Feb. 3, 64; died at Devall s Bluff Dec. 31, 64. 
Discharged fordisabilitv June 20, 62. 
Pro. Corp., Serg.; re-enl" Jan. 1, 64; pro. 1st Lt. Co. K Oct. 1, 64. 
Discharged for disability Aug. 24, 63. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 7, 62. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 24, 64. 

Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; dis. on exp. of term, Nov. 14, 64, 
Musician; discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Discharged for disability March 27, 62. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1/64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 13, 64. 
Died at Devall s Bluff, Ark., Jan. 17, 65. 
Discharged per order May 22, 65. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; died at Devall s Bluff Nov. 13, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability Nov. 30, 63. 




Sept. 2/65 


Hultman, Alfred 


Hultquist, John P 
Huss Ole O 






Isaakson, Ole 




Jarginson, Ole 
Jillman John P 


Sept! "2/65 


Johnson, Hans 


Johnson Nils B 




Johnson, Thomas 




Johnson, Olaus 


Johnson, Andrew 


Sept. 2/65 
Spnt 2 6T 


Johnson Andrew 


Sept. 2/65 

"Sept. 2/6f 
Sept. 2/65 


Johnson, Lorents 


Johnson Ole 


Johnson, Erick 
Johnson, Ake 


Johnson John A 


Joanson, Israel 
Knudson Thomas 


Kroon, Peter 




Larson, Oliver 


Sept. 2/65 
Sept 2 65 


Larson Louis 


Larson, Ole 


June 24* 64 
Sept. 7. 64 
Oct. 16 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 18, 61 
Dec. 28, 62 
Sept. 3, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Feb. 4, 6 7 




Lawson, Hans 




Linderroot, Nels L 
Ljunglof, Erick 


Sept. 2, 65 


Li nd Olaus 








Lindblon, John 




Lund berg, Peter 
Lundberg, Peter G 


Sept. 2, 65 


Magnus, John 


Oct. 22/61 
June 17/64 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 22/61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 16/61 
Oct. 16/61 
Oct. 22, 61 
Oct. 22/61 
Feb. ".6/64 
Mch. 11/64 
Sept. 5/64 
Sept. 5/64 
Oet. 10/61 
Oct. 10/61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Nov. 4/61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Feb. 11/64 
Feb. 5, 64 
June29, 64 
Oct. 3/6 
Oct. 3, 61 




Mattison, John 


Sept. 2/65 


Milander, John 


Miller, Frederick 




Nelson, John 




Nelson, Niels 




Nelson, Nicholas 




Nelson, Peter 




Nelson, Gustavus 




Nelson, Ole 




Norelius, Lewis 
Norelius, Andrew 


Sept, 2/65 


Norl, John. 


Sept. 2/65 


Ockerberg, Halver 


Ofitt, John P 




Olson, Aslak 
Oleson, Bonde 






Oleson, Evin 




Oleson, Gabriel 
Olson, Christopher 
Oleson, Nicholas 
Oleson, Turbin. 






Sept, 2/65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2/65 


Paulson, Paul 
Peterson, Hendrick 
Peterson, Christopher 
Peterson, Swan 


Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 9, 6 
Oct. 12/61 
Oct. 17/61 
Jan. 22/64 
June 2/64 
Sept. 3/64 
Sept. 5/64 
Oct. 3/61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Aug. 30/64 
Oct. 3/61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Mch. 25/64 
Oct. 3. 61 






Peterson, Hans P. A 
Peterson, Charles L 
Peterson, John 


Sept. 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 


Peterson, Talef 




Peterson, Chas. J. 
Peterson, Nelson P.. .. 
Pfieffer, John. 






Sept, 2/65 
Sept. 2/65 


Porter, John G 


Porter, Solomon 


Quam, Peter 




Quist, Charles P 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2/65 


Quist, Magnus 


Rasmuson, Sofus.. . 



186 



THE THIED REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY D Continued. 



NAMES. 


K 
O 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Ringdahl Nils 


40 


Oct 25 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan 1 64 


Ross Carl 


44 


Oct 3* 61 




Discharged for disability Dec 2 63 


Sandberg Peter M 


28 


Oct 3 61 






Sandborg Frithjoff T 
Salamanson, Swan 
Sjoberg, Chas. P 
Skoog Nels O 


21 
21 
26 
30 


Oct. 3, 61 
Jan. 22, 64 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct 17 61 


" 


Promoted Sergeant; discharged fo r disability July 5, 62. 
Died at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Oct. 26, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; discharged from hospital Sept. 14, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term Nov 12 64. 


Soilerstrom Peter 


44 


Sept 2 64 




Discharged per order July 28 65 


Strand Charles J 


39 


Oct 61 


Sept 2 65 




Sundall Charles 


37 


Got 15* 6 1 








26 


Oct 16 61 




Transferred to Invalid Corps Oct 1 63 


Swenson, Gustaf. 


37 


Oct 3* 61 




Discharged on expiration of term Nov. 14, 64. 


Swanson John. 


26 


Oct 23 61 




Died at Memphis Sept I 1 63 


Taultner, Louis 
Thorenson, Lorents 
Thellander, John P 
Thompson, Gunder . 


21 

22 

28 
26 


Dec. 1, 63 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Mch 2 64 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Cook (colored). 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff Sept 26 64 


Tollberg, Alfred 


18 


Aug. 29, 64 




Died at Memphis Oct. 31, 63. 


Vaden, Chas. J 


SI 


Aug 29 64 




Discharged per order July ^8 65. 


Viden John P 


23 


Oct 9 61 




Died at Memphis Tenn Oct 31 63 


Wesley, John 
Wing, Halsten 


18 
49, 


Oct. 1, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 


Sept. 2, 65 


Cook (colored). 
Discharged for disability May 26, 63. 


Wilberg Charles 


22 


Oct 22 61 

















EOSTEE OF COMPANY E. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

Clinton Gurnee 

Ed ward L. Baker... 

Willet W. De Kay. 

George W. Knight. 
First Lieutenants 

Harvey Miller 

AsaC. Pease 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Abel, Joseph , 

Adams, Wm. H 

Akers, Wm. G. J 

Bailey, Edward G.... 

Baker, Thos. A , 

Barris, Lyman , 

Battey, James L 

Bardwell, George A.. 

Barr, Andrew 

Barton, George 

Barton, James 

Bevaus, Corydon D... 



Bennett, George.. 
Bevans, Solon A.. 



Beetle, David .. 

Bonker, James F 

Britton, Joseph M.... 

Bryant, Wm. D 

Britton, Thos. H 

Brownson, Sidney 

Brown, Isaac 

Bruce, Wm. H 

Cassady, James 

Carmeyer, Wm 

Chandler, John W.... 

Cnase, Edgar E. , 

Chase, Justus 

Clock, Chas , 

Clark, Wm 

Cook, George .... 

Collins, Henry C 

Cook, John , 

Curry, Henry 

Crary, Williamson... 

Day, James 

Day, Wm.B 

Dewey, Wm.F 

Densmore, Benj 

Dewey, John J.... 

Doig, Thos. B 

Doyle, Walter W 

Doudy, James M 

Drudy.Patrick 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



MUSTERED 
OCT. 



Nov. 7, 61 
Dec. 1, 62 
Feb. 10, 64 
Jan. 9, 65 

Feb. 8, 65 
July 7, 65 

Oct. 10, 61 
Nov. 7 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Sept. 29, 64 
Sept. 3, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 

Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Sept. 3, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Mch. 2, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
Mch. 31 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Jan. 5, 64 
Mch. 31, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 30, 61 
Feb. 19, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10 , 61 
Oct. 14 , 61 
Mch. 10, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Nov. 15, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Aug. 27, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 
June 24, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Mch. 17, 64 
Oct. 10 61 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept." 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept, 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

"Sept."V65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



REMARKS. 



Dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 

Promoted from 1st Lieutenant Dec. 1, 62; resigned Feb. 10, 64. 
2d Lieut.; promoted 1st Lieut, and Capt.; resigned Jan. 9, 65. 
Serg.; promoted 1st Lieut., 2d Lieut, and Capt.; dis. with reg. 

Serg.; re-enl. Dec. 20, 63; pro. 2d Lt., 1st Lt.; res. June 19, 65. 
2d Lieutenant, Corporal Company H Sept. 30, 61. 

Died at Belmont, Ky., December, 61. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Pro. Corp., Serg., Serg. Maj.; transf. to Non. Com. Staff Oct.5, 63. 

Sergeant; re-enlisted Oct. 5, 63. 

Corp., Serg., 2d Lieut. 4th U. S. Colored Artillery July 2, 63. 

Corporal; deserted at Belmont, Ky., January, 62. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 3, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability December, 62. 

Discharged per order June 23, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Promoted 1st Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; commissioned 

2d Lieutenant; killed at Fitzhugh s Woods, April 1, 64. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Deserted November, 61; supposed himself discharged. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; discharged for promotion Nov. 7, 64. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. 18, 64. 
Discharged for disability March 18, 63. 
Died at Pine Bluff July 31, 64. 
Died at Memphis Aug. 18, 64. 
Discharged for disability April 29, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63, 

Wagoner; discharged for disability Ap: 

Discharged for disability June 23, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Promoted 2d Lieutenant llth Louisiana Col. Reg. Dec. 6, 65. 

R e-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability May 6, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Died at Helena, Ark., Aug. 27, 63. 

Promoted Q. M. Serg. Sept. 25, 63; Capt. 4th U. S. C. Artillery. 

Drafted. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Discharged for wounds received at Murfreesboro Jan. 15, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 



COMPANY E. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY E Continued. 



187 



NAMES. 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Ecker, Tilden 

Eldridge, Samuel A 

Eldridge, Joseph C 

Erickson, John .... 

Fletcher, Geo. W 

Flint, Geo.W 

Fearnside, James 

Foss, Daniel W 

Fogleson, Joseph 

Freeman, Anson 

Gilbert, Henry L 

Green, Win 

Graham, John A 

Hale, Win. D 

Hancock, Lucius II 

Harding, Clark D 

Hartmau, John 

Hart, John H 

Hartman, Michael 

Harkuess, Daniel C 

Hawkins, Coleman 

Hendry, Joseph 

Henigs", Christ 

Hoffstatter, Hiram 

Jordan, John 

Knox, Martin L , 

Knox, James H 

Kruger, Rudolph 

Lauyer, Isaac 

Leach, Albert G 

Lemington. Myron 

Littlefield, Louis B 

Lowater, Harry P 

Luce, George 

Man, John W 

Maloy, Patrick 

Maloy, James 

Marthrop, Walter W 

McGrath, James 

McGaughey, Horatio K. 

Miller, Theodore 

Mitchell, James 

Miller, decil 

Morrell, Abraham 

Morrell, James 

Moreland, Josiah 

Neff, George , 

Newberg, Peter 

Newton, Henry 

Peterson, Ole J 

Petty, David 

Perry, Corrydon W , 

Pendergass, John W 

Philleo, Edward B 

Phinney, George 

Pierce, Geo. N 

Pitts, Geo. J , 

Putnam, Myron 

Putnam, Simeon , 

Rains, John P 

Read, Alvin M 

Rees, Morris 

Roosa, Burtis 

Rolph.Otia H 

Robinson, Henry 

Sanford, Otis 

Scofield, Charles M 

Schweiger, James 

Scherf, Herman 

Smith, Stephen J 

Stahler, Michael 

Suiter, John 

Taylor, Elias B 

Taylor, Reuben 

Toms, Jonathan 

Toms, Wm 

Vaughan, Newton 

Way, Edwin B 

Washburne, Jesse , 

Ward, Thomas 

Weymouth, Henry B 

West, Elijah 

Wilson, Mark C... 

Winchell, John . 

Willyard, Jacob 

Wright, Abram 



21 

19 
IS 
29 
is 
20 
37 
is 
24 
27 
i 20 
34 
21 
2:. 
17 
21 
2s 
26 
28 
M 
24 
21 
2-2 



Oct. 24, 61 
Nov. 1 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Sept. 5, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Nov. 15, 61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 
Sept. 5, 64 
Dec. 2, 61 
Sept. 17, 63 
Oct. 10, 61 
Nov. 15, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 22 61 
Oct. 10 , 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
Feb. 22, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10 61 
Jan. 28, 64 



Oct. 17, 61 
Oct. 28, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10/61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Oct. 10 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Jan. 28, 6 4 
Oct. 11 , 61 
Aug. 26, 64 
June 2, 63 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 17, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Men. 15, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Dec. 11, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Oct. 10 61 
Oct. 21, 61 
Oct. 21, 61 
Feb. 23, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 5, 61 
Oct. 10 61 
Mch.31, 64 
Mch.31, 64 
Oct. 17, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Sept. 5, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 15, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 17 61 
Jan. 22, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10,61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Nov. 1, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
Mch.30, 64 
Mch.30, 64 
Feb. 26, 63 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Nov. 1 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Sept. 2, 65 



REMARKS. 



Men. 14, 65 
Nov. i, 64 



Nov. 14, 64 
Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Nov. 14, 64 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Died at Louisville, Ky., June, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, (53; died at Pine Bluff Aug. 7, 64. 

Died at Pine Bluff Aug. 27, 64. 

Died at Helena, Ark., October, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability June, 62. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; pro. Corp.; dis. for disability July 16, 65. 

! Discharged for disability Feb. 5, 63. 

i Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Sept. 2, 65j Re-enlisted (as veteran) Dec. 20, 63. 

j Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63: discharged for disability May 30, n5. 

1 Corp., Serg.; re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; dis. for pro. Sept. 17, 61. 

Serg., Serg. Maj., Jan. 9, 62; Maj. 4th U. S. Colored Artillery. 

Musician; re enlisted Dec. 20, 63; Prin. Musician Feb. 9, 65. 

Re-enl. Dec. 20, 63; killed at Fitzhugh s Woods, Ark., Apl. 1, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Pro. Corp., Serg.; re-enl. Dec. 20, 63; dis. for pro. Oct. 21, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; discharged for promotion Oct. 14, 64. 

Cook (colored); died at Little Rock Jan. 12, 64. 

Discharged on expiration of term, Nov. 14, 64. 

Discharged for disability April 9, 62. 

Promoted Corporal Dec. 1, 63. 

Corporal; died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 10, 62. 

Corporal, Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64: promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 64; wounded at Fitzhugh s Woods. 
Corporal; discharged for disability April 26, 62. 

Transferred to Company C June 1, 62. 

Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 15, 64. 

Discharged for disability July, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal, Sergeant. 

Discharged while in confinement, Nov. 18, 64. 

Deserted from St. Louis, Mo., Aug. 8, 62. 

Deserted Aug. 8, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; 1st Lieut, 112th U. S. C. L April 12, 64. 

Deserted January, 62; arrested April, 64. 

Deserted Jan. 10, 63. 

Died at Nashville, Teun., May 16, 62. 

Died at home, in Minnesota, Jan. 8, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; 2d Lieut. 112th U. S. C. I. Nov. 7, 64. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 15, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; discharged for disability April 24, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Cook (colored). 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. 18, 64. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. IS, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 29, 64; Corporal, Sergeant. 

Discharged for disability Sept. 17, 64. 

Discharged for disability July 9, 63; Musician. 
Chaplain Sept. 9, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability July 30, 63. 

Corporal; discharged for disability April 9, 62. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. 18, 64. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. 18, 6-1 . 

Discharged for disability June 28, 62. 

Re-enl. Dec. 23, 63; died at home, in Minnesota, Sept. 9, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Transferred from Company A. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability Jan. 19, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Oct. 21, 64. 

Re-enlisted Feb. 18, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability April 16, 63. 

Corporal; discharged for disability in 62. 

Died on hospital steamboat, oh Mississippi River, Oct. 4, 63. 

Discharged for disability May 22, 65. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. 18, 64. 

Transferred to Company C Oct. 18, 64. 

Transferred to Company I Oct. 10, 63. 

Discharged December, 62; re-enlisted Feb. 18, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Died at Murfreesboro, Tenu., June 24, 62. 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Men. 14, 64 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
July 28, 65 
Nov. 12, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 

May 29, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



188 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY F. 



NAMES. 



OFFICERS. 
Captains 

John B. Preston 

James M. Bowler 

Win. F. Morse 

Ephraim Pierce 

First Lieutenants 

Isaac P. Tichenor 

Geo. L. Jamison 

Thos. Hunter 

Second Lieutenant 

Samuel H. Inginan 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Allison, Win. E 

Allison, Morrison M 

Allen, Henry L 

Baker, George E 

Barman, George L 

Baker, Wyman 

Barker, Joseph 

Berkman, Chris. C 

Bissell, Hiram H 

Bissell .Francis M 

Benz, Joseph 

Bowe, Win. A 

Booren, Peter 

Brings, Alonzo 

Bush, Hezekiah 

Buse, Ernest 

Callahan, Wm 

Carter, Isaac 

Charles, Joseph E 

Countryman, Willis 

Colby, Frank 

Connerton, John 

Cooper, Jerry 

Countryman, John S 

Crandall, Ezra G 

Cressy, Roger W 

Curtis, Henry M 

Deremer, James H 

Deakin, Edmund 

Draper, John 

Easterbrook, Daniel S 

Eastman, Adoniran 

Eisert, Charles 

Eich, Peter 

Ericson, Andrew 

Everson, Hans 

Evans, Wm. B 

Fowley, Kaaron j 

Francis, Albert B i 

Fromm, Charles ! 

Fuller, Cyrus P ! 

Gillett, David N | 

Gould, George 

Grass, Nicholas | 

Griffin, Howard : 

Haskell, Augustus ; 

Harrington, Lovd M 

Haas, Nicholas." 

Hainan, Henry 

Hare, Heber R .1 

Hauser, Gotfried ! 

Hare, Robert ; 

Hairing, Mathias , 

Heath, Isaac P j 

Hill, CorbinC I 

Howe, Page F 

Hoist, Claus i 

Hoist, Jacob | 

Hoist, Joachim 

Holmes, Jabes W i 

Jones, Eben P j 

Johnson, John 

Johnson, Thomas I 

Kellogg, Edward S 

Keyes, Wm. L i 

Kern, Theobold 

King, Edward 

King, John H 

Kistenmacher, Waldemar. 

Knight, Geo. W 

Knowles, Eddington 

Knowles, John 

L.ehmen, John G 

Luchan, Frederick 

Lincoln, Augustus A 



MUSTERED 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Nov. 8, 61 

Dec. l/u2j 

Aug. 1, 65 

Apl. 17, 65 



Nov. 8, 61 
Oct. 2, 64 
Feb. 25, 65 



Oct. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
June 25, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 19, 64 
Feb. 11, 64 
Aug. 1, 63 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept, 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Oct. 1, 63 
Aug. 23, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Sept. 27 , 6 1 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Mch. 6, 65 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
June 27, 64 
Oct. 16, 61 
Sept. 27 , 611 
Feb. 25, 64 
Oct. 23, 611 
Sept. 27, 61 
June27, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Feb. 10 64 
Nov. 5, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 14, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Jan. 25, 64 
Jan. 20, 64 
Aug. 29 64 
Aug. 22, 64 
Sept, 27, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Oct. 4, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Oct. 11, 63 
Oct. 6, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Nov. 19, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Mch. 6 65 
May 31, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Nov. 10, 63 
June 24, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Sept. 27, 61 



Sept. 2, 65 



Nov. 14, 64 
Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 

Sept." 2/65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept 2, 65 



Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept." 2/65 



Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept." 2/65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



REMARKS. 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. "2, 65 



Dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 

Corporal; pro. 2d Lieut.; pro. Major 113th IT. S. Colored Inf. 

Discharged per order October, 65; Brevet Major. 

Sergeant Co. B; promoted 2d and 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant; 

Capt. Co. F Apl. 17, 65; died July l, 65,at Devall s Bluff, Ark, 
Dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 

Corporal; promoted Serg., 2d Lieut, and 1st Lieut.; A. Q. M. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; re-enlisted Feb. 12, 64, in Co. Kj 

promoted 2d Lieutenant Aug. 14, 64; 1st Lieut. Feb. 25, 65. 
Dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 

Sergeant; reduced. 

Musician; re-enlisted Dec. 2, 63. 

Re- enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; discharged for disability Jan. 18, 65, 

Transferred to Invalid Corps Nov. 18, 63. 

Corporal; discharged for disability December, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec, 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Sergeant; discharged for disability Jan. 20, 62. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Deserted Aug. 1, 62. 



Died at St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 13, 64. 

Not mustered; under age. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20/63; died at Pine Bluff October, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability May 26, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; died at Pine Bluff Oct. 2, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Discharged per order Aug. 26, 65. 

Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 

Discharged for disability July, 62; re-enlisted Sept, 30, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Corp., Serg.; re-enlisted Dec. 30, 63; dis. per order June 27, 65, 
Re-enlisted Feb. 17, 6-1; promoted Com. Serg. Nov. 15, 64. 

Drafted. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Deserted same day. 

Died at Chicago, 111., Aug. 22, 64. 

Discharged for disability Feb. 5, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Drafted; discharged per order Nov. 11, 65. 

Corporal; discharged for disability Jan. 20, 62. 

Wagoner; deserted Jan. 10, 63. 

Colored cook; deserted from Devall s Bluff Jan. 29, 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20 62; died at Pine Bluff Dec. 6, 64. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 62; discharged for disability March 27, 65, 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 62; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 29, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 62. 



Discharged per order June 8, 65. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 



Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 62. 
Discharged for disability April 12, 62. 
Discharged for disability Jan. 4, 63. 
Discharged per order Aug. 17, 65. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 20, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 22, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant 

Discharged for disability May 9, 63. 

Wagoner; transferred to Invalid Corps Nov. 18, 63. 

Discharged for disability April 12, 62. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 24/65. 

Discharged from hospital in 65. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 

Discharged for disability Aug. 17, 64. 

Corporal; deserted Jan. 10, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; discharged for disability March 27, 6o. 

Colored cook. 

Drafted; died at Pine Bluff Oct. 29, 64. 

Promoted Quartermaster Sergeant; transf. to N. C. S. in 61. 



COMPANY G. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY F Continued. 



189 



NAMES. 



< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 




y> 


Nov 4 61 


Sept 2 66 


Re-enlisted Dec ^5 63- promoted Corp and Serg ami 1st Serg 




36 


Sept 27 61 




Deserted Mav 25 Q y 


McKenna Bernard 


93 


Oct 6 61 




Sergeant* reduced discharged for promotion March 8 64, to 1st 


Merrill Silas 


91 


Oct 8 61 


Sept 2 63 


Lieutenant and Assistant Quartermaster 57th U. S. C. I. 
Re-enlisted Dec ^0 63- promoted Corporal 


Miller, Marquis D. L 


24 


Oct. 6 61 




Discharged for disability April 29, 62. 


Miller Philip 


30 




Nov 14 64 




Mills, Silas 


24 


Oct 17 61 




Discharged for disability June 29, 62. 


Morgan, David L 


23 

42 


Sept. 27*, 61 
Nov 22 61 


Sept. 2, 65 


1st Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; reduced to ranks. 
Discharged for disability November 62 


Mohler Lewis 


32 


Feb 27* 64 


Sept 2 65 




Nremer, Henry 


32 


Nov 24 61 




Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; died at Pine Bluff Oct. 11, 64. 


O Brien, Nicholas 
Panschot, David 


25 
17 


Nov. 8. 61 
Sept 28 61 


Sept. 2, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal, Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; died; Musician. 


Panchot Peter J 


19 


Sept 28 61 


Sept 9 "65 


Re-enlisted Dec 20 63- promoted Corporal. 


Pettie, David 
Picket Hirani 


24 
25 


Oct. 31, 61 
Oct 9 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec 20 63. 


Pitcher, Joseph E 


24 


Oct 11 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 


Pitcher John B 


20 


Oct 17 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 


Porter, Artemas 


40 


Oct 11 61 




Discharged for disabilitv May 15, 62. 


Poor Robert 


21 


Feb 25 64 




Died at Pine Bluff Aug 24, 64. 


Pride John C .. .. 


36 


Sept 27 61 




Discharged for disability May 25, 62. 


Keincke, Conrad 


21 


Feb 24 64 




Discharged for disability May 22, 65. 


Ratzek Joseph 


44 


June 27 64 


Sent 2 65 


Drafted. 


Ratler, John 


*>R 


June 24 64 






Ritchie, James F 
Richmond, Cicero T 


21 
20 


Sept. 27, 61 
Sept 27 61 


Nov. 14, 64 


Transferred to Invalid Corps. 


Richmond, Stewart 


18 


Sept 27 61 




Re-enlisted Dec 20 63- died at Pine Bluff Ark. Nov. 9 64. 


Ridgeway, Francis J 


17 


Oct. 8 61 




Discharged for disability June 29, 62. 


Russel, Charles F 


21 


Sept 27 64 


Sept. 2 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20 63- promoted Corporal. 


Robohui, Frederick .. .. 


24 


Feb 27 64 


Sept 2 65 




Sandy Thomas 


30 


Nov 4 61 


Sept 2* 65 


Re-enlisted Dec 20 63 


Savage, Charles B 


18 


Jan l ? 63 


Sept 2 65 




Saltz, Win 


30 


Aug 2> 64 






Seamans, A. W 


26 


May 30 64 




Drafted- died at Pine Bluff Ark " Nov 1 64 


Stone, Eugene H . 


21 


Sept 27 61 


Sept 2 65 




Strickland, Almond C 
Steinhorst, Wm 


34 
40 


Oct. 6, 61 
June 27 64 


NOT. 14, 64 


Transferred from Company If. 
Drafted died at Pine Bluff Ark Sept 21 64 


Thede, Carsten 
Truax Robt J 


22 
22 


June 5, 64 
Sept 27 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept 2 65 




Vawn Edward A 


23 


Sept 27 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-en lit ed Dec 20 63 


Verrill, Alonzo. ..."...., 


W 


Oct 16* 61 




Deserted- returned June, 64; died at Pine Bluff Aug. 23, 64. 


Warner. Robert 
Warts, Nehemiah 
Waterman Henry C 


"36" 
18 


Nov. 8, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Feb 27 64 


Nov. 14, 64 


Died at Pine Bluff Ark July 5 64 


Warner, Conrad 


39 


June 22, 64 




Discharged for disabilitv Feb. 2, 65. 


Wentworth, John W 


$5 


Oct. 2 61 




Re-enlisted Dec 9 63-" died Devall s Bluff Ark., Nov. 14, 64. 


Wesele, John 


39 


Jan. 18, 64 




Died at Pine Bluff July 5 64. 


Williamson. Daniel W 
Woodworth, Derrick 
Wilson, John 
Windhusen, Conrad. . 


21 
21 
32 
18 


Sept. 27, 61 
Sept. 27, 61 
Oct. 2, 61 
Feb 29 64 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 20, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Drowned from Steamer Izetta, at Columbus, Ky., June 4, 63. 
Died at Pine Bluff Sept 27 65 


Wright, James H 


23 


Sept 27* 61 




Promoted Corporal- died at home Sept. 24, 62 


Zinke, August 


> 


Jan 27 6-1 


Sept 2 65 















ROSTER OF COMPANY G. 



NAMES. 


K 
cs 

< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Everett W. Foster 
John C. Devereux 
Lewis S. Hancock 
First Lieutenants 
Ezra B.Eddy 
Stephen Rhodes 


"26" 
"29" 


Nov. 6, 61 
Aug. 9, 63 
Apf. 10, 65 

Nov. 6 61 
July 15, 63 
Apl. 10, 65 

Jan. 26, 64 

Mch. 6, 65 
Oct. 3, 61 
Jan. 5, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 18, 61 
Sept. 5, 64 
Oot. 3 61 




Promoted Major July 15, 63; Lieutenant Colonel April 27, 64. 
2d Lieut.; pro. 1st Lieut, and Capt,; resigned March. 2, 65. 
Sergeant; promoted 2d Lieut., 1st Lieut, and Captain. 

Resigned July 10, 62. 
Pro. from ranks, Serg., 2d Lieut, and 1st Lieut,; dismissed in 63. 
Corporal Company C; re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted Ser 
geant, Sergeant Major and 1st Lieutenant. 
Private; promoted Corporal, Sergeant, 2d Lieutenant: 1st 
Lieutenant Company D Nov. 17, 64; Brevet Captain in 65. 

Discharged for disability January, 62. 

Pro. 1st Lieut, and Adjt, of 7th Minn. Infantry September, 62. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Promoted Cornornl: ro-eulisted Jan. 1. 64. 


Sept. 2, 65 



Eben North 


Sept. 2, 65 


Second Lieutenant 
Ezra T. Champlin 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Allen, Gould D 
Andros, Elbridge E 
Andrews, Ezra B 
Applegarth, Henry W 
Arnold, John K 


22 

40 
39 
44 
26 
19 
34 
?1 


Sept. 2, 65 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Ashton,John B 

Barber, Madison.... 




Sent,. 2. 65 



190 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY G Continued. 



NAMES, 


!_ 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Barnard Win G 


y> 


Oct 3 61 


Nov 15 64 






19 




Nov 14 64 






9 9 










31 


Oct 3 61 








18 








Boxwell John K 


37 








Buckuian, George W 


21 
22 


Oct. 3, 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 


Canfield, Thomas 
Campbell, George 


21 

18 
5 


Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 
Sept 2 65 


Promoted Corporal and Sergeant; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 


Chaddock Dexter 


28 








Clarkson Janaes 


19 








Clark Justus R 


2 9 




Sept 2 65 






18 


Oct 3 61 






Collier Isaac B 


40 








Collins Ed ward E 


18 




Sept 2 65 




Cross Mel via W 


18 




Sept 2* 65 






30 




Sept 2 65 




Cross Erastus G 


19 




Nov 14 64 




Cross Robert H 


27 






Discharged for disability Jan 1 65 


Cross Silas 


44 


Feb 2^ 64 




Died at Prairie du Chien Dec 30 64 


Cranshaw, Thomas 


1 


Feb" 25* 64 




Died at Little Rock Ark. May 18, 64. 


Custard, Richard C 


SO 


Oct 3* 61 




Sergeant promoted Captain in 112th Col.Inf November 64. 


Davis Abban 


18 


Mch 9* J 64 


Sept 2 65 




Delong, Wallace W 


S1 


Oct 10* 61 




Promoted Corporal and Serg. dis for promotion April 12, 64., 


Dearborn, Abraham F 


93 


Oct 5 61 




Sergeant* discharged for promotion July 21, 62. 




30 




Sept 2 65 




Evans, Robert R 


?5 


Oct 3 61 




Discharged for disability April, 62. 


Fisk, Geo. L 


?8 


Oct 3 61 




Corporal promoted 1st Lieutenant and Reg. Quartermaster. 


Ford, Devillo 


<>6 


Oct 8* 61 




Sergeant* died May 1 62. 


Fox Win C 


49 




Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan 1 64 




29 




Nov 15* 64 




Fellows Julius 


22 


Feb 27 ; 64 




Died at Pine Bluff Ark. Aug 8 04 


Flora Win T 


31 




Sept 2 65 




Foster William 


18 


Feb 2 64 




Discharged for disability Dec. 20, 64. 


Foren, Josephus 
Gibbs, Chauncey D 


19 
19 


Nov. 6/61 
Oct 5 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Oct 5 64 


Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 


Gregg Geo F 


21 


Opt * fil 


Nov 14 64 




Grow, Charles A 


22 


Oct 3 61 


Sept 2* 65 


Re-enlisted Jan. 1 , 64. 


Goss Howard M. 


21 


Oct" 3* 61 


Nov 14 64 




Goss, ZibaC 


19 


Oct 3* 61 


Nov* 14* 64 




Grow Lafayette 


29 


Mch 6* 65 


Sept 2 65 




Graves, John H 


31 


Feb *29* 64 




Died at Devall s Bluff Ark Nov. 20, 64. 


Gwin Charles . 


39 


June 27* *64 


Sept 2 65 




Harrison, Geo. S 


21 


Oct 3* 61 


Sept. 2* 65 


Corporal re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 


Hale, Wm. E 


18 


Oct 31* 61 


Nov 14 64 




Hancock John O 


18 


Oct* 3* 61 


Nov 14 64 




Hawkins, Edward B 
Hall, Loren P 


19, 
19 


Oct! 3* 61 
Oct 10 61 


Nov! 14J 64 
Nov 14 64 


Promoted Corporal. 


Hamilton, Francis A 


18 


Feb 19* 64 




Discharged per order July 21, 65. 


Hatcher, Frank 


34 




Sept 2 65 


Drafted 


Hasket, Harrison. 
Hendricks, James M 
Henderson, George 
Hill, Geo. D 


30 
21 
23 
30 


Junel6, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Feb. 27, 64 
Feb 16 64 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Drafted. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Died at Devall s Bluff Ark., Aug. 29, 64. 


Hunt, Warren 


41 


Jan 5 64 


Sept 2 65 




Holcomb, Edgar A..... 


25 


Oct 3* 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan 1, 64. 


Howe, John S 


28 


Oct 3* 61 




Discharged for disability June 1, 62. 


Hull Charles 


18 


Oct 3 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan 1 64 


Jerry, Francis M 
Jerry Joseph. 


21 

18 


Oct. 3* 61 
Feb 26 64 


Nov. 14, 64 
Sept 2 65 




Johnson, AvonE 


20 


Oct 3 61 




Discharged for disability May 8, 62. 


Johnson, Henry V 
Jones, John M 


39 
44 


June27J 64 
June27 64 


Sept. 2, 65 


Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 2, 64. 


Kearney, Thos. B 


99 


Aug. 30* 64 




Discharged per order July 28, 65. 


Kelsey, James W 


30 


June 27 64 




Discharged for disability Sept. 23, 64. 


Kimball, Degrove 


9 1 


Nov 2 61 




Died of wounds received at Wood Lake, Minn., Sept. 23, 62. 


Knowles, Eddington 


R? 


Oct. 23* 61 




Transferred to Company B Nov. 9, 61. 


Knapp, Albert D 


99 


Oct 3 61 




Died at Nashville, Tenn., April, 62. 


Knox, Isaac 


27 


Oct 3* 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan. 1 64. 


Krick, George S 


9 1 


Oct* 12* 61 




Corporal; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; dis. for disability Jan. 13, 65, 


Lambert, George, M. D.... 




Nov. 6 61 




Promoted Hospital Steward; transf.toNon-Commissioned Staff, 


Lawrence, James 


99 


Aug 31 64 




Discharged per order July 28, 65. 


Levitt, Alden C 
Logan, Wm. A 


22 
32 


Nov. 6 61 
Sept 25 63 


Nov. 14, 64 
Sept 2 65 


Promoted Corporal. 


Loveland, Adelbert D 


?1 


Feb.* IS, 64 




Discharged per order May 19, 65. 


Lyman, Ellis A 
Marsh, Israel M 


33 

28 


Feb. 23 64 
Oct 3 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan. 1 64. 


Mack, Geo. W. 


22 


Oct 12* 61 


Sept 2* 65 


Re-enlisted Jan 1 64* promoted Corporal. 


Martin, Perry D...., 


>6 


Oct 9* 61 




Discharged for disability June 2, 63. 


McGee.Wm 


20 


Oct 3 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Jan 1 64 promoted Corporal. 


McGee, James . 


24 


Mch 6* 65 


Sept 2* 65 




McCollum, Lervy B 
McDougall, Geo. A 


37 
18 


Feb. 25/64 
Sept. 1, 64 


Sept! 2 65 


Discharged per order Julv 28, 65. 


Messer, Frederick 


99 


Oct 3 61 




Discharged for disability May 15, 62. 


Mwtz, Joseph J 


20 


Oct. 31 61 




Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Prin. Musician Feb. 1, 63. 



COMPANY H. 

ROSTER OF COMPANY G Continued. 



191 



NAMES. 



MUSTERED MUSTERED 
IN. OUT. 



REMARKS. 



Millner, Thomas 

Miller, Abraham 

Mosher, WmE 

Murphy, Henry 

Negus, John 

Oaks, Ellihue J 

Oliver, Wm. F 

Palmer, Wm 

Pell, Fred. A 

Pel), Wm 

Peterson, Erick 

Perry, George 

Perry, Wm 

Phillips, Levi M 

Pierce, Albert D 

Pomroy, Joseph 

Prior, Norman... 
Quigley, Philip... 



JuigK . , 

Quigley,Edward.. 
Randall, Adelbert. 



Remus, Nicholas . 

Rice, John L... 

Rigney, John 

Schurtliff, Oliver 

Sergeant, Ezra J 

Shrigley, James A 

Sharp, Edward L 

Shellenberg, Casper... 

Simon, Wm 

Sibley, James J 

Skillman, Evander.... 

Skilluian, Frank 

Skinner, Geo. B 

Skillman, Philander.. 

Smith, John R 

Smith, Wm. W 

Smith, Michael 

Smith, Horace N 

Smith, Thomas 

Stewart, David E 

Sterling, James H 

Sutton, Aaron 

Tammony, Patrick.... 

Terrill, Robert S 

Utler, Alexander M . 
Warthan, Emanuel... 

Walters, Win 

Walsh, John M 

Warring, Wm. H 

Wilcox, James O 

Wyman, Charles F... 
Yawman, Wm 



June 25, 64 i 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
Feb. 22, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Feb. 25, 64 
Men. 31, 64 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 3 61 
Feb. 16, 64 
Oct. 12, 61 
Oct. 10, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Feb. 16, 64 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
June 24, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
June 24, 64 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Jan. 23, 64 
Feb. 25, 64 
Oct. 3, 61 
Nov. 4, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
June 24, 64 
Jan. 5, 64 
Aug. 31, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
June 27, 64 
Nov. 6, 61 
Jan. 5, 64, 
Feb. 27, 64! 
Aug. 25, 64 
June 15, 64 
Nov. 6, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 
Oct. 3, 61 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Nov. 14, 62 
Nov. 14, 62 



Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

Sept."V65 
Nov. 14, 64 



Sept. 2, 65 



Nov. 14, 64 
Nov. 14, 64 



Nov. 14, 64 
8ept."2,*6fi 



Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 



Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 



Nov. 14, 64 



Discharged for disability March 2, "62. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64, 

Discharged for disability April, 62. 
Discharged for disability April, 62. 
Discharged for disability April, 62. 
Died at Little Rock, Ark., F.b. 23, 64. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant. 

Died at Murfreesboro, June 30, 62. 
Died Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 21, 64. 

First Sergeant. 

Re-enhsted Jan. 1, 64; wounded at Fitzhugh s Woods. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability June 7, 62. 

Promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Discharged per order Aug. 17, 65. 
Transferred to Company B Dec. 1, 61. 
Deserted Jan. 30, 62. 

Died at Belmont, Ky., February, 62. 
Musician. 

Discharged for disability May 16, 62. 

Promoted Corporal. 

Died at Devall s Bluff, March 7, 65. 

Musician; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 

Corporal; pro. Sergeant; 1st Lieut. 112th Colored Infantry, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; pro. Corporal; dis. for pro. July 10, 65. 

Deserted at Little Rock, Ark., May 21, 64. 

Discharged for promotion July 10, 65. 

Discharged for disability, May 16, 62. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 

Drafted. 

Discharged for disability March 9, 65. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Drafted. 

Discharged per order May 25, 64. 
Died at his home in Iowa, Oct. 8, 64. 
Discharged per order June 8, 65. 
Drafted. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 18, 64. 
Corporal; discharged for disability in 62. 
Wagoner. 



ROSTER OF COMPANY H. 



NAMES. 


ri 

3 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 
Captains 
Benjamin F. Rice 




Nov. 9, 61 
July 21, 64 
May 13, 65 

Nov. 9, 61 
July 21, 64 
Apl. 23, 65 

July 21, 64 

Sept. 22, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 25, 61 
Oct. 25, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Oct. 23, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 18. 64 




Resigned July 20, 64; commissioned Major, but not mustered. 
2d Lieut.; promoted 1st Lieut, and Capt.; resigned April 18 65. 
Corporal Company F Sept. 27, 61. 

Pro. Capt. Co. C Feb. 18, 64; Maj. 1st Heavy Art. April 17, 65. 
Sergeant, 2d Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant, Captain Company C. 

Promoted from ranks Company F 2d Lieutenant July 21, 64; 
promoted 1st Lieutenant Company B Feb. 26, 65. ; Bvt. Capt. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Corporal. 
Corp.; re-enl. Dec. 31, 63; pro. 2d Lieut, 57th CoJ. Inf. July 10, 64. 
Promoted Corporal; died at Helena, Ark., Aug. 19, 63. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., May 16, 62. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark. 
Corporal; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps November, 63. 
Discharged for disabilitv Sept. 1, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; "discharged for disability Jan. 14, 65. 
Died at his home Sept. 16, 62. 


George L. Jameson 
First Lieutenants 
David Misner 
James M. Moran 


27 
"27" 


Sept. 2, 65 


Jonas Lindall 


Sept. 2, 65 


Second Lieutenant 
Heman D. Pettibone 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Adams, John D 
Alvey, Wm T 


18 
24 
30 
19 
18 
21 
41 
31 
28 
42 
44 


Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 


Barrick JeseT 


Barrick, Isaac A 




Bassett, George S 
Baker, Benjamin B 
Bertram, Geo. M 






Biggs, Edwin A 




Bradshaw, Thomas 




Brown, Henry 




Broderick, James 


Sent, 2. 65 



192 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY H Continued. 



NAMES. 


1 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Buck Wm M 


22 
27 
18 
19 
19 
26 
38 
19 
29 
18 

"is 

30 
28 
25 
24 
24 
44 
30 
23 
21 
18 
21 
21 
24 
21 
33 
21 
21 
22 
22 
23 
43 
18 
18 
18 
37 
26 
40 
25 
24 
27 
25 
18 
24 
21 
18 
43 
18 
44 
30 
27 
29 
23 
25 
21 
18 
28 
33 
22 
21 
21 
19 
26 
40 
18 
21 
30 
22 
26 

30 
45 
18 
23 
30 
43 
21 
21 
24 
18 
21 
20 
21 
21 
27 


Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 19, 64 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 28, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 24, 64 
Oct. 26, 61 
Feb. 9, 64 
Sept. 5, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 28, 61 
Sept. 30 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Sept. 5, 64 
May 20, 63 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
Jan. 4, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 30 61 
Nov. 5, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Jan. 4, 64 
Aug. 31, 64 
Feb. 27, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Jan. 4, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 2 64 
Oct. 16, 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Feb. 16, 64 
Jan. 25, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Jan. 20, 64 
Feb. 6, 64 
Feb. 6, 64 
Oct. 28, 61 
Oct. 28, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Jan. 14, 64 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Sept. 5, 61 
Oct. 15, 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
Feb. 2, 64 
Oct. 26, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Feb. 24, 64 
Aug. 31, 64 
Oct. 23, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 

Oct. 28, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 28, 61 
Sept, 11, 63 
Sept. 5, 64 
Aug. 31, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 9, 61 
Jan. 26, 63 
Feb. 18, 64 
Oct. 28, 61 
Feb. 14, 64 
Oct. 9, 61 
Sept. 30, 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Re- enlisted Dec. 13, 63. 

Discharged for disability July 15, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 19, 64. 
Discharged for disability July 15, 63. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Corporal; discharged for disability Sept, 16, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 27, 64. 
Discharged per order July 28. 65. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 18, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 
Died at Nashville, Tenn., April 15, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 

Died at Blooming Grove, Minn., Sept, 23, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; died in Minnesota Sept. 16, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; Q. M. Sergeant, Sergeant Major. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Oct. 1, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 
Died in Minnesota Dec. 1, 64. 


Buse Ernst 




Chase Caleb Jr 




Clemans, Robert E 
Clark Geo C . . 






Cooper John 




Cornell Cyrus F . . 




Conn F R 








Crawford, Hiram B 
Crawford, Rollin O 
Crocker, George 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Cronk Samuel L 


Sept. 2 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Cronk Wm A 


Crosby, Solomon 


Crawford Frank 


Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 




Dearborn, Lorenzo 
Poland, Chas. W 




Donaldson, Hugh W 
Donaldson Allen B 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept, 2, 65 


Eaton. Lewis 


Eaton Henry 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Eaton John 


Eaton Lovell 


Eckert Malon B 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Eckert, Adam 


Engle Alvin 


Erwin, Arthur E 
Ervin George 




Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 5, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 

Corporal, Sergeant; trans, to Yet. Reserve Corps Nov. 18, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 
Died of wounds received at New Ulna, Minn., Aug. 18, 62. 
Discharged. 

Discharged per order May 18, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63. 
Died at Devall s Bluff Oct. 29, 64. 

Died at Little Rock Nov. 24, 64. 
Musician; discharged for disability Jan uary, 62. 
Discharged for disability April 30, 62. 

Transferred to Company B June 18, 64. 
Transferred to Company B June 18, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 
Promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Devall s Bluff Aug. 27, 63. 
Died at Devall s Bluff Jan. 19, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 31, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Pine Bluff Aug. 10, 64. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 5, 63. 
Discharged for disability April 19, 62. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Corp.; pro. Serg.; re-en 1. Jan. 5, 64; dis.for disability Jan.14, 65. 
Sergeant; promoted 2d Lieutenant; mustered out by special 
order War Department, June 3, 63. 
Discharged for disability Aug. 7, 62. 
Discharged for disability March 29, 62. 
Transferred to Company A Dec. 1, 61. 
Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 12, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Died Oct. 17, 64. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 1, 65. 
Died at Devall s Bluff May 7, 65. 
Discharged for disability March 9, 62. 
Died at Chicago, 111., Aug. 20, 64. 
Discharged for disability July 13, 63. 
Corporal, Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 31, 64; promoted Sergeant 
Major April 10, 64. 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 


Evans, Kees 


Flanders, Leonard K 
Folsom, Augustus H 
Foster, Beuton T 


Foster Wm 


"Nov. i VM 
Sept. 2, 65 

"Sept." 2 , 65 

"No v."l4," 64 
Sept. 2, 65 


Gray, Donald 


Grandstrand, Gustaf 
Gibson John 


Hall, Martin V. B 


Haskett James L 


Hay ward, Sheffield S 
Hall, Geo. W 


Hare, HeberR 


How, Asa 




Hull, George W 




Hussey, Wm. A 




Huser, Gottfried 




Iberson, Geo. A 




Iberson, Abraham 
Ilstrup, LauritzC 




Nov. 14, 64 
Nov. 14, 64 
Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Ilstrup, Simon .. .. 


Irwin, Frederick 
Jackson, Wm. H 


Jones, Samuel M 
Kerrott, John F 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


L,amb,Wm. A 


Lawton, Eliel W 
Lewton, Wm. P 


Lewis, Albert H... 


Sept. 2, 65 


Libbie, Henry H.... 


Lilly, David 




Logue, Michael . 


Sept. 2, 65 


Lori ng, George 


Lumsden, Robert. 




Lyon, John J 
Marks, Charles W 




Sept. 2, 65 


Maurer, Peter 


McLeod,Wm 




McDonald, Francis S 
McDonald, John 






McDuff, James 




Mealy, Cornelius 
Miner, Monroe 


Sept. 2, 65 


Millie, Robert .. 


Mohrman, Frederick 
Mobeck, Peter L 
Myrick, Felix A 
Naylor, George 
Nichols, Seth 


Nov. 14, 64 
Nov. 14, 64 


Noggle, JohnO 


Nvefdark 




Oliver, David 




Owen, William 




Pease, Asa C 







COMPANY I. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY H Continued. 



193 



NAMES. 


rf ! 

o 
<< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Peaslev, Geo. H 


20 


Sept 30 61 




Promoted Corporal re-enlisted Dec 1 63* killed at Fitzhu i h s 


Peasley Charles A 


18 


Sept 30 61 


Sept 2 65 


Woods April 1, 64. 
Re-enlisted Dec 31 64 




19 




Nov 14* 641 




Perkins, Lucian L 


24 






Died at Devall s Bluff Ark May 5 65 


Potter John H 


23 


Sept 30* 61 


Nov 14 64 




Potter Jauies W 


20 








Preston, Charles W 
Randall, Woodleigh 


21 
24 

28 


Sept. 30, 61 
Oct. 28, 61 


Nov 14, 64 


Discharged for disability Jan. 17, 64. 


Ressler, Jeremiah 
Richardson, John S 
Seibel John 


18 
21 
43 


Feb. 18! 64 
Sept. 30, 61 


Sept. 2, 65 


Discharged for disability March 15, 62. 


Sheldon Mvron S 


33 


Feb 26* 64 




Died at Waterville Minn Jan 9 1 65 


Slater John 


26 








Smith , Dewitt C 


28 


Feb 1^ 64 


Sept 2 65 




Soule Frederick O 


25 


Feb 18 64 




Died at Pine Bluff \rk Sept 28 64 


Soule, Geo 


21 


Feb* 18* 64 


Sept 2 65 




Soule, Henry S 
Soper, Eugene A 


27 
21 


Feb. 18, 64 
Feb 18 64 


Sept. 2, 65 


Discharged per order Mav 22 65 


Strickland, Almon C 


34 


Nov. f) 61 




1st Sergeant; transferred to Companv F Feb. 1, 62. 


Stevens John C 


26 


Sept 30 61 




Serg deserted from Fort Snelling Ja n 10 63 re-eul in Pa 


Stokes, Charles 


24 


Oct 28* 61 


Sept. 2 65 


Corporal* re-enlisted Dec 31 63. 


Stewart Albert W 


27 


Oct 19 61 




Wagoner- discharged for disability July 11 62 


Steele, Napoleon 


9 1 


Oct" 2s 61 


Sept. 2 65 


Re-enlisted Dec. 31 63. 


Stevens, Augustus 


18 


Nov 9 61 


Nov 14 64 




Stewart, James 


?0 


Oct 1 61 


Nov. 14* 64 




Stevens, Simon 




Nov 14 64 




Discharged for disabilitv transferred from Company K. 


Stevens, Otto 
Taul, Henry... 


28 


Nov. U\ 64 
Aug 31 64 





Discharged for disability. 
Discharged per order Julv 28 65 


Terry, James Y 


>! 


Sept. 30 61 




Died at Little Rock Oct. 25, 64. 


Thompson, David 


24 


Oct 26 61 


Sept 2 65 


Re-enlisted Dec 31 63 - promoted Sergeant. 


Thompson, Isaac J 
Tidland, Charles L 


30 
19 


Sept. 5, 64 
Sept 30 61 




Discharged pe&order July 28, 65. 
Discharged for disabilitv 


Tower, Ichabod H .. .. 


21 


Oct 9 61 




Discharged for disability March ^9 6 9 


Ward, John S 


19 


Sept. 30 61 




Corporal- discharged for disability Oct. 4, 62. 


Ward Ira 


19 


Sept 30 61 


Sept 2 65 




Wakefield, Henry D 
Walker, John 


28 
34 


Oct. 28 61 
Feb. 18 64 




Deserted from Belmont, Ky., December, 61. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 7, 65. 


Withrow, Hugh B 




Oct. 29 64 


Sept 2 65 


Transferred from Company I. 













ROSTER OF COMPANY I. 



NAMES. 


g 
32 


MUSTERED ! MUSTERED 1 
IN. OUT. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Christopher C. Andrews 

Joseph H. Swan 


Nov. 4, 61 

Dec. 1, 62 
Feb. 7, 65 

Dec. 1, 62 
Aug. 16, 64 

July 28, 65 

Oct. 26, 64 
Oct. 27, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Sept. 1, 64 
Oct. 24, 61 
June 25, 64 
June 27, 64 
Oct. 24, 61 


Jan. 15, 66 

Dec. 31 , 64 
Sept. 2, 65 

Aug. 16, 64 
Oct., 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

July 28, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 


Priv. Oct. 11, Lieut, Col. Dec. 1, 62; Col. July 16, 63; Brig. Gen. 
Jan. 5, 64; Maj. Gen. by brevet March 9, 65. 
1st Lieutenant Oct. 11, 61; Captain Dec. 1, 62. 
Private Co. E Oct. 11, 61; pro. Corporal, Sergeant, Sergeant 
Major; Reg. Quartermaster April 15, 64; Captain Feb. 7, 65. 
Priv. Oct. 11, 61; 2d Lieut. NOT. 4, 61; 1st Lieut. Dec. 1, 62. 
1st Sergeant Oct. 11, 61; 2d Lieutenant Dec. 1, 62; 1st Lieut. 
Aug. 16, 64; Capt, Co. F Julv 19, 65; Maj. by brev. Aug. 1, 66. 
4th Sergeant Co. D Oct., 61; 1st Lieutenant Co. I July 28, 65. 

Died at Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 4, 63. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; 2d Lieutenant 112th U. S. C. I. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Oct. 2, 64. 

Died atSnyder s Bluff, Miss., July 19, 63. 
Corp.; re-enl. Jan. 1, 64; 2d Lieut, and 1st Lieut. 57th U.S. C.I. 
Promoted Corporal. 

Died at Devall s Bluff, Ark., Nov. 26, 64. 
Led Company I in final charge in battle of Wood Lake. 
Promoted 3d"Sergeant November, 61; Color Sergeant; re-enlist 
ed Jan. 1, 64; Captain 112th U. S. Colored Infantry. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Died at Fort Snelling Dec. 25, 62. 

Cook. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; 1st Lieut. 57th U. S. C. Inf. March 8, 64. 


William G. J. Akers 
First Lieutenants 
Damon Greenleaf. 


20 


William F.Morse 


19 
26 

18 
30 
28 
41 
19 
33 
24 
oq 


ENLISTED MEN. 


Auo-ier Albert W 




Bain, William W 
Becker Frank 


July 28, 65 


Beledo, Peter 




Berthume Isaac . ... 


Sept. 2, 65 


Blackburn, David 


Boughton. Orren E 
Brakefiekl John 


24 
35 
27 
21 
23 
28 

18 
27 
26 
37 
21 
22 
24 


Oct. 27, 61 
Oct. 24 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 2.4, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 

Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 12, 61 
Aug. 26, 64 
Nov. 11, 63 
Feb. 25, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 25, 61 




Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. 2, 65 

"Nov"i4," 64 


Brindhnthall, Henry 
Brindzick, August 
Brookins, Geo W 


Bruce, Samuel M 
Buchanan, James. 


Sept. 2, 65 


Bundv, Orren 


Burnhart, Benjamin 
Butler, Lewis 


July 28, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Mch. 8, 64 


Callahan, William 
Canfield, Bvron 


Cantwell, James C 
13 



194 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY I Continued. 



NAMES. 



Cantwell, John J 

Cantwell, Mathew 

Carpenter, Edward 

Cayon, Joseph .". 

Chamberlain, Philander P 

Clark, Andrew J 

Cleveland, John D 

Cline, Ebeuezer W 

Coates, James 

Collins, Harry E 

Coggsweil, Judson 

Cook, Abraham. ... 

Cooley, John 

Cramer, Adolph 

Crosby, David 

Crosby, James 

Crumuiet, John O 

Damon, Mark 

Dean, Henry L 

Dennison, Frederick H.... 

Dickinson, Martin J 

Donaldson, Hugh W 

Earle, Henry 

Farrell, Michael 

Folsom, Eli 

Freeman, Mahon D 

Garlington, Edwin H 

Graham, John R ... 

Green, Charles H 

Green, Frank S 

Griprnan, Hiram J 

Gripman, William H 

Goss, Ransom B 

Hahler, William 

Hale. Charles A 

Hamblin, John 

Hancock, Edwin E 

Hathaway, Marvin 

Henderson, Ira 

Hennesy, Michael 

Herrick George W 

Hockrid ge, William 

Hooper, David 

James, Orlando W 

James, Whitman R 

King, William Ole 

Kirby, Joseph 



Lamb, Charles D 

Lombard, Charles W.., 

Markling, Frank J 

Martin, E. L 

Mart in, James 

McGee, William 

Masterson, Jaines E.... 

Mattis, Charles 

Mills, Orrin 

Miller, Frank E , 

Moore, John 

Moore, Solon 

Mullens, John B 

Myrtetus, Asa 

Owens, John , 

Owens, JohnP 

Ole, Wm. King 

Orteney, James T , 

Paniy, Carleton , 

Parks, Moses J 

Peck.Delevan 

Peck, James M 

Perkins, Frederick 

Pickler, Franklin 

Pool, Jeremiah 

Pope, John 



Redlen, Frederick 

Reed, Alexander 

Richardson, Simon S... 

Roach, Samuel P 

Schilplin, Frederick.... 

Shaw, Judson B 

Shaffer, Thomas G 

Shea, William 

Sherman, F. B 

Shippman, Peter 

Shoret, Augustin 

Smith, Washington L. 



MUSTERED 
Ix. 



Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 1, 64 
Oct. 29, 61 
Oct. 18, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
Oct.- 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 1, 64 
Sept. 3, 64 
Sept. 1, 64 
Mch. 2, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 29, 6l! 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 22, 61 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



July 28, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

July 28, 65 

Nov"l4," 64 
Sept. 2, 65 



July 28, 65 
July 28, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Nov. 1, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Nov. 6, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 6, 64 
Feb. 11, 64 
Nov. 2, 61 
Aug. 30, 64 
Sept. 6, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Aug. 30, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
Sept. 1, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
June 27, 64 
Oct. .11, 61 

Oct. 11, 61 
Dec. 2, 62 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 2 64 
Mch. 30, 63 
June 27, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 18, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Dec. 11, 62 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 
Sept. 3, 64 
Sept. 5, 64 
Sept. 5, 65 
Sept. 3, 64 



June 27, 64 
June 27, 64 
June 27, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Sept. 1, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
June 24, 6 
Oct. 29, 61 

Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
June 27, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 19, 6t 
Feb. 11, 64 
June 20, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
June 25, 64 
Oct. 20, ei 1 



Sept. 2, 65 



Nov. 14, 64 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



July 28, 65 
Nov. 20, 64 



July 28, 65 
July 28, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 
July 28, 65 



July 28, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 

Nov. 14, 6 

Sept. 2, 65 



July 28, 6? 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Nov. 14, 64 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
June 24, 65 

July 28, 6 
July 28, 65 
July 28, 65 



May 22, 65 

July 28/65 
Nov. 14, 64 



Nov. 14, 64 
May 22, 65 

Sept." 2 , 65 
Sept .""2," 65 



REMARKS. 



2d Serg.; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; Capt. 1 12th U. S. C. I. 
Died of wounds received at battle of Wood Lake. 
Discharged for disability in 63. 



Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 20, 64. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; died at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 20, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 

Died in Minnesota Sept. 12, 64. 



Died at Devall s Bluff, Ark., Nov. 26, 64. 

Deserted from Benton Barracks, Mo., Aug. 9, 62. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 

Re-enl. Jan. 1, 64; pro. Serg.; app. Lieut., but not mustered. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died on hospital boat, Mississippi River, July 28, 63. 

4th Sergeant; discharged for disability May 2, 63. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Transferred to Company H. 

Discharged for disability. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps April 11, 65. 

Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 26, 64. 

Corporal; killed at battle of Murfreesboro July 13, 62. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 

Discharged for disability Jan. 28, 63. 



Discharged for disability. 



Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Oct. 13, 64. 

Died in Minnesota Sept. 23, 63. 

Wnd. at Murfreesboro July 13, 62; transf. to I. C. Nov. 18, 63". 
Discharged fordisability Jan. 26, 63. 

Did not join regiment; discharged by order War Department. 
Died Oct. 25, 64. 

1st Corporal; promoted Sergeant; re-enlisted 64; 2d Lieutenant 
Company K May 1, 65; 1st Lieutenant July 19, 65. 

Musician. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; discharged for disability Nov. 15, 64, 

Company cook. 

Discharged for disability April 12 62. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 



Same as Win. Ole King; name obscure. 
Died at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Oct. 26, 64. 
Died at Deva-ll s Bluff, Ark., Jan. 4, 65. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Sept. 26, 64. 

Corporal; killed in Arkansas., after discharge. 

Corporal; discharged for disability Feb. 10, 63. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark.. Oct. 11, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64; discharged for wounds received in the 

battle of Fitzhugh s Woods. 
Discharged for disability Nov. 7, 63. 
Transferred to Company H Dec. 1, 62. 
Promoted Corporal Jan. 29, 64. 

Re-enlisted; promoted 1st Lieutenant 113th U. S. C. I. 
Corporal; re-enlisted; Commissary Sergeant Jan. 15, 63. 
Deserted from Benton Barracks Aug. 19, 62. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 17, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1. 64; pro. Lieut, and Capt. 112th U. S. C. I. 

Died at Memphis, Tenn., Nov. 29, 64. 

Killed in battle of Fitzhugh s Woods, Ark., April 1, 64. 



COMPANY K. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY I Continued. 



195 



NAMES. 


K 
< 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Smith Nicholas 


37 
34 
27 
32 
34 
23 
23 
22 
35 
19 
26 
19 
29 
17 
24 
25 
18 
28 
29 
32 


June 27, 64 
Oct. 27, 61 
Oct. 14, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
June 6, 64 
Oct. 27, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
June 24, 64 
June27, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Sept. 20, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 29, 61 
Oct. 29, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64- 
Promoted Corporal and Sergeant. 
Discharged for disabilitv. 
Died at Pine Bluff Aug." 23, 64. 
Transferred to Invalid Corps, Nov. 18, 63. 
Discharged for disability. 
Died at Little Rock Nov. 26, 64. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 4, 64; discharged for disability Jan. 25, 65. 
Discharged for disability April 11, 62. 
Discharged for disability in 62. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 4, 64; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability April 12, 62. 
Discharged for disability Feb. 4, 64. 

Transferred to Company H Dec. 1, 61. 
Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 
Corporal; promoted Sergeant; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 64. 




Spelman John A 








Stoll john . . . 




Taylor Albert 








Teuchtenhagen, John 
Thorns, Charles H 
Thomas John H 


June 8, 65 




Thompson, John L 
Timms Henry . . . 




Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Vadner Peter 


\Vatt Edward 


Willis William T 


Sept. 2, 65 

Sept."V65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Wilson Mark C 


Withrow, Hugh B 
Wyman, Samuel F 
Young Otis S 





ROSTER OF COMPANY K. 



NAMES. 


a 
o 
<? 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


OFFICERS. 

Captains 
Mark W. Clay 
James L Hodges 




Nov. 14, 61 
Dec. 11, 62 

Nov. 6, 61 
Aug. 27, 64 
May 13, 65 
Aug. 16, 65 

Nov. 14, 61 
Jan. 9, 62 
Nov. 20, 64 

Oct. 7, 61 

Feb. 26, 64 
Feb. 15, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Nov. 4, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 16, 61 
Oct. 30, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Feb. 15, 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Sept. 2 , 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Nov. 2, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 6, 64 
Mch. 19, 64 
Oct. 20, 81 
Oct. 7, 61 
Feb. 6, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Nov. 14, 61 
July 10, 63 
Mch. 8, 64 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 30, 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Oct. 17 , 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Oct. 7. 61 


"Sept."2," 65 


Dismissed Dec. 1, 62. 
1st Lieutenant Nov. 14, 61; promoted Captain Dec. 1, 62. 

1st Sergeant; promoted 1st Lieutenant; dismissed July 15, 64. 
Promoted Regimental Quartermaster May 13, 65. 
Sergeant, Sergeant Major; promoted Adjutant, 2d Lieutenant. 
2d Lieutenant, 1st Corporal Company I Oct. 11, 61. 

Promoted Adjutant Jan. 9, 62. 
Enlisted Sept. 25, 61; resigned Sept., 64; transf. from Co. A. 
Corporal Company C., re-enlisted Dec. 21, 63; promoted 2d 
Lieutenant; promoted 1st Lieutenant Company G April 10, 65. 
Corporal, Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 19, 64. 
Discharged for disability March, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 
Transferred to Company G Dec. 1, 61. 
Discharged per order July 28, 65. 
Corporal. 
Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 16, 64. 
Died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 10, 62. 
Died at Louisville, Ky., March, 62. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Discharged for disability. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted. 
Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Oct. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, 63. 
Promoted Corporal; re-enlisted. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 65; promoted Corporal. 
Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 11, 64. 

Re-enl. Dec. 18, 65; deserted from Jacksonport, Ark., July 20, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 65. 

Corporal; re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 
Discharged for disability June 16, 63. 
Cook (colored). 
Discharged for disability Aug. 11, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; discharged for disability July 29, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; deserted March 21, 64. 
Died at Pine Bluff Oct. 19, 64. 

Died at Devall s Bluff Nov. 28, 64. 


First Lieutenants 
Hiram D. Gates 


25 
24 
21 
23 

21 
26 
19 
21 
18 
19 
23 
21 
20 
26 
39 
21 
21 
27 
22 
44 
21 
24 
18 
28 
23 
20 
21 
24 
32 
22 
18 
21 
18 
29 
21 
27 
18 
21 
21 
18 
26 
29 
30 
?1 


Bonde Olson 




Philander E.Folsom 
Joseph P. Kirby 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Second Lieutenants 
Cyrene H. Blakely 
Joseph R. Putnam 
Eben North 

ENLISTED MEN. 


Allen, Andrew H 
Andrtis Ira 






Ash, George J 
Bailly Gardner F 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Barlow Geo O 


Boret, Wm 
Bidwell,VernallA 


Bulen JohnH 


Sept. 2, 65 


Bulen, Alpheus W 


Bump, John 




Bundy, James L 




Burkham, Alva P 
Bullard, Reuben P 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Bullin Orpheus W 


Brooks, Wm. B 
Calvert Robert A 


Sept. 2, 65 

"Sept. "V65 

Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 


Campbell, John J 


Collins Patrick 


Corpe, Wm. J 


Colton, David H 
Crabs, Burrows W 
Cramer, Douglas 
Crumb, Samuel 


Delac John 


Sept. 2, 65 


Dodge, Henry W 


Drake George 


Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 18, 65 

fieptVisj 65 


Drake, Harmon M 
Durant, William . . 


Elder, Rienzi 


Evans, Jack 


Fawcett, Mahlon 


Ferguson, Carlile 


Sept. 18, 65 


Fertile, Wm. A 


Field, Wm.H 


Fulton, Robert 




Gifford, Andrew J 
Gilber, Frederick 
Gould, Elmer F.... 


Sept. 18, 65 


Sent 18. 65 



196 



THE THIRD REGIMENT. 
ROSTER OF COMPANY K Continued. 



NAMES. 



Gordy, Minus W 

Gordy, James A 

Hartshorn, Joshua C 

Hancock, David 

Hannoii, Leander J 

Hanuon, Alexander D 

Haws, Oscar 

Herrick, Lewis L 

Higgins, Hugh 

Horton, Henry 

Hunter, Thos , , 

Hurd, Hubbard G 

Honeywell, Perry A 

Humason, Chas. J 

Hutuason, Win. L 

Humason, Lewis A 

Ireland, Charles F 

Jones, Henry R 

Keeler, Charles F 

Keeler, Charles A 

Ketchum, Hiram E 

Kennedy, Augustine 

Kelly, Lewis H 

Kester, Joseph 

Kidd, Lawson 

Lansing, Grover B 

Lamberson, John 

Langworthy, Benj. H 

Lee, Palmer 

Lesher, Amos 

Little, John B 

Mark, Christian 

Marlett, Ira A 

McNeill, Philetus W 

McLane, Peter 

Morgan, Joshua G 

McCoy, Luther 

McCarter, Warren 

Millet, Walter 

Moran, Benj. K 

Moon, Charles W 

Mosby, John 

Nichols, Charles E 

Nixon, Charles H.. 



Northrup, Walter D 

Northrup, Samuel 

Okens, John 

Okens, James 

Perry, Charles 

Porter, James 

Powers, Israel P 

Pyburn, Andrew J 

Raymond, Alvin 

Rice, Benjamin 

Rice, Wm. H 

Rolph, Ennon 

Rollins, Joseph 

Rolph, Henry E 

Russell, George W 

Russell, John H 

Russell, Win. W 

Russell, James.. 



Sandbum, Gilman T 

Sawtelle, Alfonzo J 

Scott, Wm. F 

Sears, Wm 

Shippe, Laben E 

Shaw, Geo. S 



Shaw, Benjamin 

Sheldon, Fletcher A 

Skeels, John E 

Smith, Edgar W 

Sneider, John 

Stevens, Simeon 

Stevens, Otto 

Stanton,Roswell.... 



Strain, Benjamin C 

Thomas, George W 

Thomas, Abisha 

Turnley, Chas. H 

TJptegraftt, John 

Vosborg, John 

"Ward, Henry 

Webster, Martin 

Webster, Henry W 

Webster, Daniel W 

Webster, Aldin 



MUSTERED 
IN. 



Oct. 26, 61 
Feb. 25, 64 
Oct. 17, 61 
Nov. 1, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Feb. 18, 64 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Mch. 8, 64 
Mch.21, 64 
Oct. 26, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 26, 61 
Dec. 11, 63 
Jan. 4, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 
Feb. 13, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 23, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 11, 64 
Feb. 13/64 
Nov. 14, 61 
Nov. 14, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Sept. 23, 63 
Oct. 31, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Jan. 21, 63 
Feb .10, 64 
Feb. 24, 64 
Mch. 13, 65 
Feb. 23, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Nov. 14, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 26, 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 26. 61 
Sept. 28 63 
Feb. 23, 64 1 
Oct. 19, 61 
Dec. 15, 63 
Mch. 23, 64 
Nov. 13, 63 
Nov. 14, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Oct. 19, 61 
Feb. 29, 64 
Mch. 18, 64 
Oct. 26, 61 
Feb. 17, 64 
Feb. 18, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Feb. 10, 64 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Nov. 14, 61 
Oct. 18, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Feb. 12, 64 
Nov. 14, 61 
Nov. 14, 61 
Feb. 19, 64 
Aug. 24, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Oct. 24, 61 
Oct. 7, 61 
Feb. 11, 64 
Mch. 8, 64 
Oct. 11, 61 
Oct. 11, 61 
Nov. 14, 61 
Aug. 29, 64 



MUSTERED 
OUT. 



Sept, 18, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept, 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept." 2/65 

Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 

Sept" "2," 65 
Sept, 2, 65 



REMARKS. 



Nov. 14, 64 
Sept. "2/65 



Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept." 2/65 



Sept. 2, 65 
Sept. 2, 65 
Sept, 2, 65 



Sept. 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 

Sept, 2, 65 

Sept. 2, 65 



Sept. 2, ( 
Sept. 2, ( 

Sept." 2/65 
Sept." 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 



Sept. 2/65 



Sept, 2, 65 
Sept. 2/65 



Re-enlisted; Musician, 

Died at St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 10, 63. 

Discharged for disability June, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant, 



Sergeant; promoted Commissary Sergeant July 7, 65. 

Pro. Serg.; re-enl. Feb. 12, 64; Corp.; pro. 1st and 2d Lt. Co. F. 
Corporal; discharged for disability March 14, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 



Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 
Discharged per order Aug. 17, 65. 



Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Discharged for disability April, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Corporal. 

Corporal; died at Pine Bluff Oct. 6/64. 

Discharged for disability April, 62. 

Discharged for disability June, 62. 

Corporal; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 24, 62. 

Died at Little Rock May 18, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 12, 63. 

Discharged for disability April, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 12, 63; died at Devall s Bluff Jan. 2, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 12, 63. 

Promoted Corporal and Sergeant; re-enlisted December, 63. 

Deserted. 

Died at Devall s Bluff May 19, 65. 

Died at Pine Bluff Aug. 9, 64 

Cook (colored). 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal. 

Corporal. 

Died at Louisville, Ky., March, 62. 

Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Nov. 18, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal. 
Wagoner; died in Minnesota March 24, 64. 
Promoted Lieutenant in colored regiment. 
Discharged per order June 22, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal. 



Cook (colored). 

Discharged for disability Nov. 7, 64. 
Died atShepardsville, Ky., March, 62. 
Discharged for disability. 

Discharged for disability. 

Died at Pine Bluff, Ark., Aug. 5, 64. 

Died at Little Rock, Ark., April 26, 64. 

Promoted Lieutenant and Staff Officer. 

Discharged for disability April 18/62. 

Discharged for disability, 62. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Died in Minnesota Oct. 30, 62. 

Died in Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 12, 65. 

Musician; discharged for disability in 62. 

Discharged for disability Oct. 16, 62. 

Died at Memphis, Tenn., Dec. 26, 64. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65, 

Sergeant; re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; discharged from hospital. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Discharged for disability March 14, 63. 

Discharged for disability April 26, 62. 

Discharged for disability July 29, 65. 

Died at Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 8, 65. 

Died at Pine Bluff Sept. 27, 64. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63. 

Discharged per order July 28, 65. 



COMPANY K. 

ROSTER OF COMPANY K Continued. 



197 



NAMES. 


I 


MUSTERED 
IN. 


MUSTERED 
OUT. 


REMARKS. 


Weston, Chas. H 
White, John C 


19 
21 
23 
19 
19 
21 
29 
22 


Feb. 5, 64 
Oct. 30 61 
Oct. 30, 61 
Feb. 10, 64 
Feb. 29, 64 
Dec. 31, 62 
Oct. 11, 61 
Feb. 15, 64 




Drowned in Mississippi River Aug. 27, 65. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 18, 63; promoted Corporal and Sergeant, 
Died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 21, 62. 
Discharged per order June 22, 65. 
Died on hospital steamer Oct. 17, 64. 
Died in Little Rock Nov. 17, 08. 
Sergeant. 


Sept. 2, 65 


Withers John. 


Wilkins Edward D 




Williams, Edward R 
Wilkins, Julius E 


Nov. 14," 64 
Sept. 2, 65 


Wright, Thomas C 


Zimmerman Lewis 





NARRATIVE OF THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 



BY CAPTAIN ALONZO L. BROWN. 

The Fourth Regiment of Infantry was organized during the autumn of 1861, 
in compliance with a request of the secretary of war made to Gov. Alexander 
Ramsey on September 7th, to adopt measures to organize two more regiments 
of infantry at the earliest date possible." On the 18th of the same month John 
B. Sanborn, who was at this time adjutant general and acting as quartermaster 
of the state, by direction of the governor issued General Orders, No. 18, which 
directed the organization of two more regiments of infantry, to be known as 
the Third and Fourth. The call also informed the public that "the Fourth 
Regiment would be retained to garrison the forts on the frontier." The order 
also specified that two companies were needed forthwith to garrison Fort Ridgley 
and relieve the troops stationed at that post, and the two which reported first 
should be mustered at once into the service and pay of the United States, and 
should be designated respectively as Companies A and B. This call was a broad 
intimation that the Fourth would be home guards, and the people so understood 
it, and a good deal of fun was enjoyed at the expense of those who enlisted in 
this regiment; but our men believed that the war would be a long one, and that 
they would have an opportunity to see all the fighting that they would desire to. 

As the captain of A would be the ranking captain in the regiment, and 
the first one entitled to promotion as a field officer, quite a strife at once 
began in various parts of the state to see who would be the lucky person. Cap 
tain Luther Baxter, who commanded a company of militia called the Carver 
Grays, and Captain Robert B. Young, who had raised a company which was 
called the Scott Guards, united their forces, and, by this means, Captain Bax 
ter was enabled to muster first, and his company was A. Company B was organ 
ized at Glencoe by James C. Edson, who became its captain. The men who 
composed it were mostly residents of McLeod and the southern part of Meeker 
counties; others came from Carver, and some from other parts of the state. On 
the rolls nearly all of the company was credited to Glencoe, and thus the village 
received credit for more than it was entitled to. We mention this fact because 
such errors occurred in other companies all over the state, and the rural town 
ships did not receive the proper credit. We will here remark that the writer 
enlisted in Company B on the 26th day of September, and that he was not the 
first man to enroll his name. By the records in the office of the adjutant general 
at St. Paul, Company A mustered in on October 4th and B on October 2d. These 
companies, however, were given preference by the adjutant general in the order 
in which they had reported as full and ready for complete organization. 

During the latter days of September and the early part of October three regi 
ments, viz., t he Second, Third and Fourth, and a company of sharpshooters, 
were being organized at the same time at Fort Snelling, and the strife to fill up 
the ranks of the Third and Fourth regiments waxed warm. Companies A and 
B departed from Snelling for Fort Ridgley about the 10th of October, and garri 
soned that post until the regiment assembled at Snelling in the spring of 1862, 
for its departure South. The nucleus of Company C was a company called D, of 
the state militia, commanded by Captain Robert S. Donaldson. It was organized 
July 13, 1861, and the most of its forty- eight privates enlisted in the new com 
pany. The men were mostly from Dakota county, the headquarters of the com 
pany being at Lakeville. The company proceeded to Fort Snelling, and was 
mustered in on October 7th, and soon after proceeded to Fort Ripley and garri- 



NARRATIVE OF THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 199 

soned that post until the next spring. Company D was organized in St. Cloud 
and vicinity by Captain Thomas E. Inman and those who were afterward its 
officers. The nucleus of this company was also a company of state militia, and 
designated as A. This company was organized on June 22, 1861, with Thomas 
E. Inman as its captain. A great many of its sixty-one privates enlisted in the 
new company, and, with a large number of men who joined its ranks from Good- 
hue county, it mustered in as D on the 10th day of October. This company pro 
ceeded to Fort Abercrombie, D. T. , and remained at that post during the winter. 
Company E was organized at Ottawa, in Le Sueur county, by Captain Robert 
Winegar, with men from that place and Le Sueur, Cleveland, and some from 
Sibley and Nicollet counties. About forty-eight of the company went to Fort 
Snelling, and at that place twelve or fifteen men joined the company under Cap 
tain Ebenezer Le Gro, from Owatonna. The captaincy of this company was 
given to him, and Winegar was elected as first lieutenant. This company was 
mustered in on November 27th, and remained at Snelling during the winter. 
Company F was composed of men who were mostly from Freeborn county and 
vicinity. It was organized by Captain Asa W. White, and expected to become 
a part of the Third Regiment, but did not fill its ranks soon enough for that or 
ganization. 

Captain "William F. Wheeler also raised some men who went with him into 
this company, which mustered in on October llth and remained at Snelling 
until spring. Company G was composed of men who lived in Stearns and adjoin 
ing counties. Two-thirds of the company was raised by Captain Charles Lueg 
and Lieut. Abner St. Cyr. After they came to Snelling Captain D. M. G. Murphy 
joined the company with a number of men whom he had caused to enlist, and 
the company mustered in on November 22d. This company soon after proceeded 
to Fort Abercrombie, and formed a part of the garrison of that post, also having 
a detachment of its men at Georgetown during the winter. On the march to the 
frontier the company experienced some very severe weather, the thermometer 
being below zero a considerable portion of the time, and some of the time six 
teen degrees below; and this after the snow had covered the ground. To march 
nearly three hundred miles, and camp out under such conditions, was not a very 
easy task. Company H was organized as the " Valley Sharpshooters" by Cap 
tain John E. Tourtellotte and those who were its officers, with headquarters at 
Mankato. The men comprising its ranks were mostly from Blue Earth, Waseca, 
Le Sueur and Nicollet counties. It was the intention to make it a part of the 
Third Regiment, but it was not filled in time for that purpose. It mustered in 
as H of the Fourth, on the 20th day of November, much against the will of the 
company. It remained at Snelling during the winter. On July 6, 1861, a militia 
company was organized at Warsaw, in Rice county, called the " Warsaw Rifles. " 
John H. Parker was the captain, and Henry Platt the second lieutenant. The 
company contained fifty -three privates. This company was the basis of Com 
pany I of the Fourth Regiment. It mustered into the army on the 23d day of 
December, and remained at Snelling until spring. Company K was started by 
Captain Robert P. Mooers at Otranto, in Mower county, near the Iowa state line, 
at which place Captain Mooers was in business. William B. Spencer of Le Roy 
was also engaged in raising recruits for the same company. Several at Austin 
were also recruiting and these parties joined, and together organized Company K. 
They called themselves the l Mower County Guards." These proceeded to Snell 
ing. They were joined at the fort by some men who had been recruited by Cap 
tain L. B. Martin and George G. Sherbrooke, and mustered in as Iv on the 23d 
day of December, 1861, and completed the ten companies necessary to organize 
the regiment. On the 13th day of October Gov. Ramsey, as commander-in-chief, 
announced, through Adjutant General J. B. Sanborn, to the public that Min 
nesota had already furnished her quota of forces demanded by the general Gov 
ernment, and expressed the hope "that she will not stop even here, but, like 
many of her loyal sister states, continue to offer to the nation company after 
company of the best and bravest of her sons, until this unholy and unjust Re 
bellion is completely subdued." 



200 THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 

General Orders, No. 24, of Nov. 5, 1861, announced the following persons as 
officers of the Fourth Begiruent: Colonel, John B. Sanborn of Ramsey county; 
lieutenant colonel, Minor T. Thomas of Washington county; major, Lieutenant 
A. Edwards Welch of Goodhue county. Commissions were issued to these officers 
on this date, but as Lieutenant Welch had been wounded in the battle of Bull 
Run while serving in the First Minnesota, and taken prisoner by the enemy, he 
could not be present and muster. The regimental organization was completed 
on Dec. 23, 1861, but Colonel Sanborn was not mustered in as colonel until 
the 1st day of January, 1862. Although he had been commissioned as lieuten 
ant colonel on Nov. 5, 1861, and mustered in as such on that date, and discharged 
the duties of that office between November 5th and December 23d, his muster 
was not returned to Washington. Welch was held by the enemy as a prisoner 
of war for thirteen months. The regiment consequently had no major during 
the winter of 1862, and in the spring Captain L. L. Baxter was commissioned as 
major. 

During the winter of 1862 the five companies of the regiment at Fort Snelling, 
as well as those at the frontier posts, were very thoroughly drilled in squad, 
company and battalion. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas had been a first lieutenant 
in Company B of the First Minnesota Infantry, and had served in that regiment 
in the Army of the Potomac, and being thoroughly informed in the drill and a 
splendid disciplinarian, he very soon brought the companies at Snelling in the 
way of acquiring a very thorough and practical military education. At the other 
posts the time was occupied in drilling the men, out of doors when the weather 
permitted, and in the buildings at the forts during stormy weather. The ord 
nance sergeant who was stationed by the Government at Kidgley was the drill 
master at that post, and, as he had been a long time in the regular army, he 
proved a very proficient instructor. He not only drilled the men, but a school 
was opened for officers, and they were very thoroughly instructed in their duties, 
and in a few weeks the independent spirit of the men in the ranks began to be very 
quietly changed, and from the belief that "one man was just as good as another, 77 
some of them concluded that he must be quite often "a good deal better." The 
men were informed, and taught to believe, that good order and discipline must 
be maintained and orders obeyed, or the army, instead of being a mighty ma 
chine, capable of being moved and used with precision for the accomplishment 
of a great object we had in view, would be only a mob, and in times of great 
danger fall to pieces and prove a failure. All went along pretty smoothly at 
Eidgley, but occasionally a free and independent spirit would step outside the 
bounds of military propriety. One day the fresh beef was thought by the men 
to be deficient in adipose, and a few organized a burial party, and, using the 
police cart for a hearse, they marched, with reversed arms, led by fife and drum 
playing the dead march, to the centre of the parade ground where they were 
about to perform the solemn rites of a military funeral. The mourners, hearse 
and escort halted beneath the garrison flag which waved overhead, when the 
commander of the post appeared on the scene and adjourned the mournful cere 
monies. All this was fun for the boys, but hurt the feelings of the beef contrac 
tor, who gazed at the rebellious proceedings from the door of the commissary 
building. A somewhat similar experience was enjoyed by the garrison at Fort 
Abercrombie, when the post commander appeared at the exercises, delivered a 
lecture on mutiny and insubordination, and the resulting consequences of such 
conduct, when he "dismissed the parade. " As he did this one of the men called 
out: "Captain, you did not say anything about bull beef. 7 

The troops on the frontier posts went on several expeditions among the Indi 
ans, and although the weather during the entire winter was extremely cold, they 
scraped away the snow and camped out during their journeys. Finally the long, 
cold months began to draw to a close, and on March 18th Adjutant General O. 
Malmros issued an order for the regiment to proceed to St. Louis. This order 
he modified on the 19th, by directing a delay of the movement until the opening 
of navigation. Orders, however, were sent at once to the frontier posts for those 
companies to repair to Snelling, and they started at once on foot and in sleighs. 



OFF FOR THE SOUTH. 201 

The snow at this time was very deep and getting soft, and the high roads were 
very difficult to travel. The troops coming down from Abercrombie had a very 
serious time, as the snow in some of the ravines was from twelve to twenty feet 
deep, and as the teams would at times go in all over, the mules would have to be 
unhitched and pulled out by the men. Finally all assembled at Snelling, and 
two or three weeks were then spent in battalion drill. Before leaving for the 
South ten of the tallest corporals in the regiment were detailed as "pioneers," 
and, wearing mammoth bearskin caps, and carrying huge axes, attracted consid 
erable attention as they marched at the head of the regiment. 

OFF FOB THE SOUTH. 

On April 20, 1862, the side- wheel steamboat Sucker State landed at Fort 
Snelling, and six companies of the regiment, accompanied by the regimental 
band, and in command of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas, embarked upon it and 
started for St. Louis, to report to Major General Halleck. As the boat ap 
proached St. Paul the bluffs and river banks were crowded with people, who 
waved their hands and kerchiefs, and bid the command a heartfelt "God bless 
you all and give you success!" The steamer soon swung around and headed 
down stream on its journey, the band playing "The Girl I Left Behind Me," and 
soon the Saintly City and its warm-hearted, generous people were shut from our 
sight, and from that of many of our members forever. On the next day the 
other four companies, in command of Colonel J. B. Sanborn, and with Captain 
William Hotchkiss battery also on board, left Fort Snelling on the steamboat 
Hawkeye State for the same destination. His command landed at St. Paul 
at Chestnut street and marched down through the city to the levee, where it em 
barked on the same boat and proceeded on its journey. Nothing of importance 
and worthy of note occurred on the journey down. The people at the various 
landings along the river waved their handkerchiefs and cheered, but we saw 
nothing to remind us that a great and mighty war had been inaugurated and was 
being waged, and that a short journey on our boat would take us into the lines of 
the opposing forces. When the command of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas arrived 
at Dubuque, it debarked and had dress parade in Julian, the principal street of 
the city, and on arriving at the rapids in the river above Davenport, Iowa, in 
order to lighten the boat so that it would pass over the rapids^ the command 
landed, and, marching past the bridge, through Davenport and into a park on a 
hill that was within the city limits, and which contained some temporary build 
ings erected as barracks for the Iowa troops, we had a short season of battalion 
drill, after which we again embarked and proceeded on our journey. At Mont- 
rose, at the head of the lower rapids above Keokuk, Iowa, we once more landed, 
and our goods and supplies were conveyed about twelve miles by railroad around 
the rapids, when we again embarked upon the same boat. 

We arrived at St. Louis on the 23d of April, and next day marched out to 
Benton Barracks, which were located on the fair grounds in the outskirts of the 
city. On the 25th the other four companies under Colonel Sanborn arrived at 
Benton Barracks. As the command marched through the streets of St. Louis, 
evidences of the patriotic feelings of the people were manifested by waving of 
handkerchiefs and many other acts expressive of their joy at the sight of our 
men of the North Star State. As we were passing a girls boarding school the 
pupils came to the windows and sang the "Bed, White and Blue" for us. While 
at this place our regimental quartermaster procured for the regiment, on requi 
sition, the necessary field transportation and supplies, and, aided by his efficient 
corps of assistants, only a short time elapsed before the regiment was ready to 
take the field. 

On Sunday, the 2d day of May, 1862, the regiment left Benton Barracks, and, 
marching through the city, embarked on board the steamboat John J. Eoe, 
and at sundown proceeded on its way to join the army under Major General Hal 
leck before Corinth. Our boat landed at Cairo and Paducah, and then proceed 
ed up the Tennessee Eiver. On arriving at Fort Henry we were detained several 
hours, and after moving about eight miles further up the river, we debarked at 



202 THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 

Paris Landing, and, accompanied by the Curtis Horse and some artillery, marched 
twenty miles to the vicinity of Paris, when, not meeting the enemy, we returned 
to the Landing. The weather was extremely hot and sultry during this expedi 
tion, and the men suffered severely. During the absence of the regiment the 
steamboat was unloaded by a detail left for that purpose. On the 12th our tran 
sient supplies were loaded on the steamboat Gladiator, and, embarking, we 
proceeded on our way up the Tennessee River. This boat was not as large as 
the Roe, and was more crowded. Boats were very numerous, passing up and 
down laden with supplies for the army; several had steam calliopes and played 
inspiring tunes. As we were landing at Brown Landing, Tenn., on the 13th, the 
men crowded forward on the boiler deck as thick as they could stand, and their 
great weight, in addition to that of the supplies and ambulances, broke down 
both the hurricane and boiler decks, and several of our men were severely in 
jured. On May 14th we arrived at Hamburg Landing, Tenn., and, debarking 
from the Gladiator, marched about two miles to Guilders Hill, where we en 
camped. Our regiment at this time contained about 1, 000 men. On the next day 
the regiment marched a few miles and joined, the army under General Halleck, 
and was assigned to the First Brigade (Buford s), Third Division (Hamilton s), 
Army of the Mississippi 

SIEGE OF CORINTH. 

The army was at this time engaged in its snail-like approach toward Corinth, 
where General Beauregard was fortified, and believed to have an army superior 
in numbers to ours. On the 12th, only three days previous to our arrival, quite 
a severe engagement was fought with parts of the hostile forces near Farming- 
ton. Every move that our army made was done according to the science of war 
and with the greatest of caution. Spades were trumps in this game, and if a 
move was made by any part of the army the other commands were moved up at 
once and the line connected, so that no intervals were left through which the 
enemy could pass. 

On the 18th of May we advanced to Farmington, and were only a short dis 
tance in front of the rebel intrenchments that surrounded Corinth, and it was 
thought that any further advance by us would bring on a general engagement. 
Colonel Sanborn was here assigned to the command of the first demi-brigade of 
the First Brigade of our division, and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas took command 
of the regiment. We at once began to pile up a large part of the earth in that 
vicinity, and expected attack. Our army was at this time very large, and 
contained probably over 100,000 men, while the Confederate force was far 
inferior. Halleck s policy seemed to be to avoid attacking the enemy behind 
his intrenchments, and to compel the enemy to attack his army in intrench 
ments. Our line advanced on the 28th, and a part of our forces had quite a sharp 
engagement with the enemy. Cannon balls and shells flew recklessly by us and 
overhead, where they went howling into the wilderness, but doing very little 
damage to our forces. 

The country here was mostly covered with heavy timber, the streams were 
sluggish, and, the bottoms swampy. Hamburg and Pittsburgh landings were the 
points at which Halleck had his base, and from which he received supplies for 
the army. Where the wagon roads to these places passed over streams and 
through swamps they were made double and corduroyed, and wagon trains con 
taining 1,200 teams were frequently on the road. For several days previous to 
the 29th of May the enemy had been engaged in moving his supplies and strip 
ping for a footrace. A few shells thrown by our thirty-pounder Parrotts over 
the heavy body of timber in our front and into Corinth had exploded near the 
railroad depot and destroyed some property, which admonished Beauregard and 
his generals that if they remained much longer at that place they would have 
to fight a battle with a superior force, and might, perhaps, be defeated and lose 
their supplies. They therefore decided to evacuate, and for several days their 
movements were so cunningly planned and executed that our generals believed 
that the rebels were receiving large reinforcements. On the morning of May 



BATTLE OF IUKA. 203 

30th, when the enemy was moving away, our generals expected an attack. How 
ever, after daylight of the 30th the noise of explosions at Corinth and the sight 
of rising smoke caused our pickets to advance, when it was discovered that the 
enemy had evacuated the place and left but little war material for our use. In 
the pursuit of the enemy our regiment moved about twenty miles south to Boon- 
ville, and then returned to within five miles of Corinth, where we established a 
camp in the pine woods on the hill near a clear little stream called Clear Creek. 
This little brook was made largely by springs coming out of the hill and was 
the only clear stream in the vicinity. The ground at Corinth and for miles 
around had been used for camping purposes, and this undoubtedly made the 
health of our troops very bad. Our men soon began to be afflicted with typhoid 
and other fevers, and in a short time one- third of them were in the hospitals. 
Death soon began to reap a rich harvest, and at sundown the dead march and 
funeral volley would be heard in the various camps. During the latter part of 
June our regiment, with most of the army, marched toward Holly Springs, pass 
ing through Eienzi and on as far as Eipley, after which we returned to our camp 
at Clear Creek. The weather was excessively hot during the march to Eipley, 
and the men being compelled to carry one hundred rounds of ammunition be 
sides their other things, a good many of them were disabled by hernia and from 
the effects of the march. 

In August we marched about twelve miles south to Jacinto, and established 
our camp near to that town. While there, and during the latter part of that 
month, we received information of the outbreak of the Sioux Indians in Min 
nesota, and our regiment was very anxious to be ordered home and fight the 
Indians. We remained in the vicinity of Jacinto, changing our camp occasion 
ally. Lieutenant Colonel M. T. Thomas, having been commissioned as colonel 
of the Eighth Minnesota Infantry, left us on the 9th of September for Minnesota. 
On the 12th we became aware of the fact that the rebel army under General 
Price was within a few miles of us, and for several days we formed line of battle 
each morning, and had our trains all loaded for immediate movement. Price 
passed within a few miles of us on the Bay Springs road, and, moving to luka 
on September 13th with his army of about 16,000 men, captured that place, 
which was garrisoned by a small brigade under Colonel E. C. Murphy of the 
Eighth Wisconsin. He also captured a large amount of commissary and other 
stores that were to be moved from that place to Corinth. While here at Clear 
Creek, June 25th, General Buford went north on leave, and Colonel Sanborn 
assumed command of our brigade. 

BATTLE OF IUKA. 

We marched from Jacinto with General Hamilton s division on September 
18th, and proceeded toward luka. General Stanley s division marched from 
Clear Creek to join us, but taking a wrong road, through the fault of the guide, 
was delayed, and prevented the consummation of the plan agreed upon between 
Generals Eosecrans and Grant. The understanding was that Eosecrans was to 
move on luka with the divisions of Hamilton and Stanley, and, dividing the 
force, occupy the Bay Springs and Fulton roads, running south from luka, to 
cut off the retreat of Price s army. Grant and Ord, in the meantime, were to 
move a force by rail to Burnsville and attack Price s army from the north. By 
the delay of Stanley s division Eosecrans saw that he could not get to his posi 
tion near luka at the appointed time, and he so notified General Grant. He also 
discovered that the distance between the two roads was too great for his divisions 
to be within supporting distance of each other. And so he moved both divisions, 
consisting of about 9,000 men, forward on the same road. Grant and Ord were 
stationed a few miles north of luka with a force of about 8,000, and concluding 
that General Eosecrans could not get into position south of luka before the morn 
ing of the 20th, they would await until they heard the guns of Eosecrans army 
to the south before they moved. Eosecrans troops pressed forward, and after 
skirmishing with the enemy s pickets and driving them back to within two miles 
of luka, were brought to a halt by a line of battle the enemy had formed. He 



204 THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 

opened the battle of luka with musketry and artillery on our advance, and our 
troops, moving up on the double-quick, formed a short line consisting of Colonel 
Sanborn s brigade, on the left of which was the Tenth Iowa Infantry and two 
guns of the Twelfth Wisconsin Light Battery. This was the length and front of 
our line, and contained about 2,200 men. The battle began at about 4:30 
o clock P. M. of the 19th, and raged with the greatest of fury for an hour and a 
half. Generals Price and Little had withdrawn a brigade from the front of Ord s 
army, and, going with it in person, formed their line and awaited the approach 
of Eosecrans troops. Price soon after ordered the other two brigades of Little s 
division to the scene of action. The first two arrived in time to take part in the en 
tire battle. Our regiment, with four hundred and eight men present, was formed 
in the front line oil the left of the Forty-eighth Indiana Infantry. Captain E. Le 
Grow had command of it, and Captain J. C. Edson had command of the left wing. 
Soon after the battle began the Forty -eighth Indiana left the line, and to prevent 
the enemy from flanking us Le Grow ordered our right wing to reverse front and 
face the break in the line. We did as ordered. The enemy concentrated their 
attack upon the right of the line, and, after a prolonged struggle, succeeded in 
driving the troops from that part of it. Oar regiment was then moved to the 
right by flank, and then in line of battle to the front. While marching through 
the woods after dark toward the enemy, and when within a few rods of them, we 
marched up to the rear of a regiment of Ohio infantry, when, mistaking us for 
the enemy, they fired a volley into and over us, killing several and wounding a 
good many of our men. In about an hour we were marched to the rear, and 
slept on our arms in an old field, expecting to renew the conflict at daybreak, 
but at that time the enemy had fled. The loss in our regiment, according to the 
official list, was 3 killed and 44 wounded. Eosecrans reported the entire loss as 
790, of which number 141 were killed and 36 missing. The losses of the enemy 
exceeded ours. On the morning of the 20th we formed a line, and, advancing, 
discovered the rear of the enemy s column moving away on the Fulton road. 
We then marched back to Jacinto, meeting General Buford on the road on re 
turn from his leave of absence. We moved with Hamilton s division from Ja 
cinto on October 1st, and on the 2d were in camp about three miles south of 
Corinth. 

BATTLE OF CORINTH. 

After the battle of luka Price moved his army south to Baldwyn, and from 
thence to Eipley, where he joined his forces to those of Van Dorn, and with 
the latter command they moved out on the morning of the 29th, with an army, 
according to Van Dorn s report, of about 22,000. They marched north to Poca- 
hontas, threatening Bolivar, then, turning east, crossed the Hatchie and Tus- 
cunibia rivers, and hoped to surprise Eosecrans forces at Corinth, and, defeating 
his army, capture that place before the troops at the outlying posts could be 
called in. Eosecrans gradually drew the most of his command into and near 
Corinth, and when the enemy moved to the attack on the 3d they found the 
Union forces, consisting of about 15,419 men, prepared to receive them. On the 
morning of the 3d our regiment, under command of Colonel J. B. Sanborn, 
General Buford having assumed command of his brigade, left its camp south of 
Corinth, and, marching through the town with the rest of Hamilton s division, 
formed with it in line across the wagon road to Purdy, and about two and a half 
miles north of the village. Davies division occupied the ground northwest of 
the town between the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railways, while 
McKean s and Stanley s were formed on Seminary Hill, to the southwest. Our 
line as thus formed extended in a semicircular form from the northeast to the 
southwest, and covered the approaches by the wagon roads to Kossuth, Bolivar, 
Chewalla and Purdy. The rebel troops advanced by the Bolivar road and struck 
Davies troops at the point where that road passed through the old rebel line of 
works. By 10 A. M. Davies skirmishers were driven in along his line, and the 
opposing forces in Davies front were in line of battle confronting each other. 
The action along his front soon became general, and raged with desperation. As 



BATTLE OF CORINTH. 205 

the enemy pressed Davies troops back Hamilton gradually changed the front of 
his division to meet the advance of the rebels, and as Davies troops were falling 
back he prepared to assault the left flanks of the enemy. In these operations 
Buford s brigade came upon quite a large force of rebels, and Company K of our 
regiment deployed as skirmishers, and its captain was killed while in the act of 
signaling some important information to Colonel Sanboru, who, after communi 
cating the fact to General Buford, was directed to dislodge the enemy. Colonel 
Sanborn states in his report: u I at once changed the front of my battalion to the 
rear on the tenth company. This was done, under a heavy fire of musketry, in 
double-quick time, and with as much coolness and precision as if on ordinary 
battalion drill. This movement completed, I ordered the regiment forward at 
quick time until within about one hundred and fifty paces of the enemy s line of 
battle at this point, when his fire was increased to a perfect shower of balls. I 
gave the further command, Forward one hundred and fifty paces, double-quick. 
This was executed in the most gallant and splendid manner. The regiment, in 
perfect line, with triumphant shouts, rushed forward against a most murderous 
fire, and when within fifty yards of the enemy s line he fled to the rear with the 
greatest precipitancy, receiving two or three volleys from my regiment as he re 
tired." Colonel Sanborn then withdrew the regiment from its advanced position, 
and formed on the right of the Fifty-ninth Indiana, and threw out skirmishers to 
the front. After dark orders were received to march back to the first position held 
in the morning. In obeying this order the regiment made quite a detour to 
avoid the enemy, who had advanced his forces between us and the town. At 11 
p. M. bivouacked, where we remained during the night. During the day the 
heat was 108 in the shade, and the men suffered severely from its effects, 
many being sunstruck. The regimental wagonmaster, Alonzo L. Brown, fur 
nished the men with two loads of water, which was issued to them on the field. 
On the 4th the enemy advanced his infantry and opened the battle about 9 A. M., 
and having had the satisfaction of driving in Davies division in our centre on 
the 3d, expected to have an easy victory. After a stubborn resistance, Davies 
troops, holding the centre, gave way, and the enemy entered their works. They 
were, however, driven back. During this action our regiment had, with the 
rest of our division, repulsed the force that came against it, and then was moved 
a little to the left and on a ridge, where it supported the Eleventh Ohio Battery, 
which enfiladed the enemy s line in front of Davies, and poured its shot fast and 
thick into the advancing and retreating rebels. As the enemy was being driven 
from the front of Davies he charged with the brigade on Fort Eobinett, at Semi 
nary Hill, and after a short hand-to-hand conflict, was repulsed by Stanley s 
troops. The enemy was defeated at all points before noon, and was fleeing from 
the field in all directions. Colonel Sanborn, in his official report, commended 
the conduct of the following named officers and non-commissioned officers: Cap 
tains J. E. Tourtellotte and J. C. Edson, Quartermaster T. B. Hunt, Adjutant 
J. M. Thompson, Quartermaster Sergt. F. E. Collins, Commissary Sergt. T. P. 
AYilson, Sergt. Maj. W. T. Kittredge, Surgeon J. H. Murphy and Second Asst. 
Surgeon H. E. Wedel. (First Asst. Surgeon E. W. Cross was absent, sick, dur 
ing the battle.) Major Baxter was unfit for duty on account of sickness. 

The losses in our regiment during the action on both days were two killed 
and ten wounded. General Eosecrans reported his entire losses at 355 killed, 1,841 
wounded, and 324 captured or missing, and in an order announcing the result of 
the battle he stated that we had killed and buried 1, 423 officers and men of the 
enemy, and taken 2,268 prisoners. When the battle was over our men rested 
until the morning of the 5th, when Eosecrans put his army in motion to pursue. 
Our regiment, with the rest of Hamilton s division, followed the enemy to near 
Crum s mill, on the Hatchie Eiver, when we marched with the division toEienzi, 
and from there west to the Hatchie, and on the llth of October returned to our 
old camp, about three miles south of Corinth, and soon after moved our camp 
into the outskirts of the village. General N. B. Buford, on account of sickness, 
gave up the command of our brigade Oct. 15, 1862, and soon after went 
north, and Colonel Sanborn now took command of it permanently, having com- 



206 THE FOURTH REGIMENT. 

manded the same during the absence or sickness of General Buford, all the time 
after first assuming command in June, with the exception of the time between 
September 20th and October 4th, and Captain J. C. Edson took the command 
of the regiment. General Eosecrans then put his army to work strengthening 
the old and building new fortifications on Seminary Hill, and our regiment was 
employed in that labor during the remainder of the time that we were there. 

CAMPAIGN DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI CENTRAL RAILROAD. 

Corinth having been made secure so that it could be held by a small force, 
Grant made preparations at once to begin his campaign through northern Mis 
sissippi, the reduction of Vicksburg being its main object. We left Corinth 
with the army during the beginning of November, and marched west to Grand 
Junction. While here the army from Bolivar and Jackson, under General 
James B. McPherson, joined ours. We moved with the army about ten miles 
south of Grand Junction, to the vicinity of Davis grist mill, and from thence south, 
with other