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Full text of "Minutes of the Common Council of the City of New York, 1675-1776"

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Registered No. t5l5 
MINUTES 

OF 



THE COMMON COUNCIL 



OF THE 



CITY OF NEW YORK 



1675-1776 



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VOLUME I 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE 
CITY OF NEW YORK 



NEW YORK 

DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY 

1905 



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SEAL OF THE CITY OP NEW YORK 



The coat-of-arms was granted by King James II to the 
city a few months after he ascended the English throne. It 
was engraved on a new seal, which was delivered with much 
formality by the Governor, in the King's name, to the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Commonalty, on the 24th of July, 1686, and 
duly accepted by them. 

There was no motto, but the legend on the seal is '* Sigil- 
lum civitatis Novi Eboraci" in the contracted form of *'Sigill 
eivitat Novi Eborac."— in English, "Seal of the City of New 
York." These arms are shown depicted in their correct 
heraldic tinctures, or colors. They are thus blazoned : 

Shield: Argent^ charged with the four sails of a windmill 
proper ; between their outer ends, two beavers proper, one in chief 
and one in base^ and two flour barrels proper, in fess^ one on 
each side. 

Crest : A royal crown^ or, lined gules. 

These arms have remained unchanged, and are the coat- 
of-arms of the City of New York to-day ; the crest, however, 
was altered, in 1784, to a bald eagle proper rising from a demi- 
terrestrial globe, which was adopted, in place of the crown, 
from the original State arms of the State of New York. 



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INTRODUCTION. 



The body of records which in these volumes is issued in printed 
form occupies, with those of Philadelphia and Albany, a rare 
place among the sources of American history. They correspond in 
general character to the records of an English municipality of the 
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries ; while they are much more exten- 
sive and important than the accessible records of either of the cities 
just named. No similar memorials are known to have survived in 
Charleston, South Carolina, or in the few smaller boroughs which 
existed in the southern and middle colonies. The records of Boston, 
until some time after the beginning of the nineteenth century, are those 
of an expanded and overgrown New England town. A belief that the 
printing of these minutes was a necessary condition for the study of the 
early growth of city government in this country has led to the 
undertaking, the completed result of which is now submitted to 
the public. 

These Minutes of the Common Council comprise in their entries 
by far the most important collection of material relating to the 
early administration of municipal affairs in New York which has 
survived. The fragments which now remain in manuscript will be 
found in certain ledgers and journals that were kept by the old 
city treasurers, in a few tax lists, in certain volumes of grants of 
city lands and water lots, in a few maps, ferry leases and other mis- 
cellaneous papers. Unfortunately, nearly all the papers of the 



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IV INTRODUCTION 

Common Council, except those which were spread upon its minutes, 
have disappeared. 

The original rough minutes themselvtes have also, for the most part, 
been destroyed, and the text which is here presented is based chiefly 
upon two copies, one of which was made soon after 1880, and the other 
at a much earlier date. Of these the former abounds in errors, and the 
latter leaves much to be desired, especially in the later volumes. But 
fortunately, after editorial work had been begun, an early and exact 
draft covering the years subsequent to 1750 was brought to light, and 
this has been freely used for the purpose of perfecting the text for 
entries after that date. 

Words which were repeated in the original have been printed in 
italics, while words or letters which it seemed necessary to introduce 
in order to complete the sense have been enclosed in brackets. The 
original spelling, capitalization and punctuation, with the special 
signs which were used, have been retained. The pagination of the 
original will also be found in the printed text. 

Early in the administration of his Honor Seth Low, the New 
York Historical Society addressed to the Mayor a memorial 
requesting that steps should be taken for the publication of the 
Minutes of the Common Council of the City of New York covering 
the dates 1675 to 1776. It was also stated that the Society was 
ready to suggest the names of gentlemen who would be willing to 
supervise the editing of these records. To this proposal the Mayor 
acceded. After action by the Board of Estimate, he addressed a 
message to the Board of Aldermen requesting them to pass a reso- 
lution authorizing the work. This action was taken by the Alder- 
men on February 10, 1903. Their resolution provided that the 
committee, already named by the Mayor, and consisting of members 
of the Historical Society, should have editorial charge of the work. 
They were Herbert L. Osgood, Frederic W. Jackson, Robert H, 



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INTRODUCTION V 

Kelby, Hiram Smith. The editing has been done under the immedi- 
ate supervision of the Chairman. He has had throughout the effi- 
cient aid of Mr. Austin Baxter Keep. This has been important 
as well in the correction of the copy, as in the reading of the proof 
and in the preparation of the index. The index has been made by Mr. 
Charles Alexander Nelson, with the assistance of Mr. Keep. 

By later action of the Board of City Record the contract for 
printing was awarded to the Martin B. Brown Company. 

To the co-operation of all parties concerned must such success 
as has attended the prosecution of the task be attributed. Thanks 
are also due to the staff of Columbia University Library, and espec- 
ially to Mr. Frederick W. Erb, for courtesies shown while these volumes 
were in process of editing. 

Herbert L. Osgood, Chairman. 

Frederic W. Jackson. 

Robert H. Kelby. 

Hiram Smith. 



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MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



OF 



THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



October 17, 1675, to December 10, 1696 



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VOLUME ONE 



OF 



MANUSCRIPT MINUTES 



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MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[i] New Yorke the 17^" Day of October A*> 1675. 

Edmund Andros Esq* Seigneur of Sausmarez, Liev* and Govemo'' 
Gen*" under his Royall Highnesse James Duke of Yorke & Albany etc 
of all his Territoryes in America. To all to whome these presents 
Shall come Sendeth greeting. 

By vertue of his Maj*^«* Letters Patents, unto his Royall High- 
nesse and the Authority derived unto mee, I doe doe hereby appoint 
and authorize you M' William Dervall to be Mayor, M*" Gabriel 
Minvielle, M"^ Nicholas De Meyer^ M^ Thomas Gibbs M*^ 
Thomas Lewis, and M*" Stephanus Van Cortlandt to bee Alder- 
men and M*" John Sharpe to bee Sherriffe of this Citty. Giving 
and graunting unto you the Said Mayor and Aldermen or any foure of 
you, whereof the Mayor or Deputy Mayor, to bee allwayes one (unless 
in Case of necessity by theire absence, Sicknesse or otherwise, when 
the Eldest Alderman is to preside) And upon equality to have the Cast- 
ing and Decisive voyce, with full power and Authority to kcepe Courts, 
Administer Justice as a Court of Sessions; And Rule and Goveme 
all the Inhabitan[ts] [2] of this Citty, CorporaTOn or Libertyes 
thereof, and Strangers within the Same according to the generall 
Lawes of this Government, Priviledge and Practize of this Place; 
And also to appoint Such under Officers as you Shall Judge necessary 
for the orderly execuOTn of Justice. Hereby requiring all Persons, 
whom it may conceme to give that due Obedience unto you, at 
Magistrates constituted by his Maj*»** Authority as above, as they 
and every of them will answer the contrary at their uttmost Perills. And 
for your So doing, this Shall bee to you, and every of you a Sufficient 
Warrant and discharge in that behalfe. 

This Commission to bee of force untill the thirteenth day of 
October next which will bee in the yeare, one thousand Six hundred 



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2 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Seventy Six being the usuall time and day of Election and Change of 

Magistrates or till further order. Given under mv hand and Sealed 

with the Seale of the Province of New Yorke, this Seventeenth day of 

October in the twenty Seventh yeare of his Ma*'*^^ Reigne Annoq^ 

Domini 1675. -^ . 

^^ E. Andros. 

[3] Orders made at the Gen^" Court of 

Assizes held in New Yorke, begining on the 
6^^ and Ending on the 13*^ of October in 
the 2y^^ yeare of his Ma**^^ Reigne, Annoq* 
Domini 1675. 

Vpon Consideraron of the mischief e, that to[o] frequently happens 
by carrying Liquo*^ and goods to trade with the Indians at their 
Plantacons; where in Case of disorders or abuses Small Reliefe cann 
bee expected amongst them: It is ordered. That thorought the 
Government there bee noe trading upon any account with the Indians 
at their Plantacons. 

That the Law bee Likewise observed, which prohibits Selling 
Strong Liquo" to the Indyans in New Yorke Schire upon Long Island 
and dependences. 

And that pursuant to the Law, the Constables of the Several! 
Townes, take care no powder or Leadd bee Sold to the Indians but by 
them as directed or by their consents. 

The ProclamaCC^n sett forth by the Governo'' about Block=houses 
&tc, being approved off. It's ordred strictly to bee observed. 

Vpon a proposal! whether it will not bee convenient at this Juncture 
of tyme, of the Indyans disturbance to the Eastward, to bring all 
Canoes on the North side of Long Island to this place, or to have them 
all destroyed to prevent any [4] Intercourse with the Indyans on the 
Maine and our Indians ; Or that those Canoes bee brought to the next 
Townes and Secured by the Officers. It's resolved, that all Canooes 
whatsoever belonging to Christians or Indians on the North side of 
Long Island to the East of Hell=gate Shall within three dayes after 
the PublicacUn hereof bee brought to the next Townes and delivered 
into the Constables Custody, to bee Laid up and Secured by them 
neare their Block Houses: And that whatsoever Canooe Shall be 
found upon the Sound after that tyme bee destroyed. 

That the Indyans at M** Pells or Anne Hooks Neck bee ordred 
to remove within a ffortnight to their usuall winter quarters within 
Hell«Gate upon this Island: During w*^** time Loaden Canooes, w<* 
Shall have Certificates from the Magistrates of the Place from whence 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 3 

they come, expressing whether they are goeing Shall be permitted 
quiettly to pass along the Shore, except out of the Government, which 
in no Case is to bee allowed. 

It being taken into Considerac?7n, whether it bee not proper to 
have English weights and measures to bee used according to the Law ; 
It's ORDERED that in three months after the PublicaoTn thereof the Same 
Shall [5] bee put in practize in this City, Long Island and parts ad- 
jacent: And in Six months in all other parts throughout the 
Government: And that whosoever Shall after that time presume to 
use any other weights or measures Shall forfeite all they Shall Soe 
Sell and bee lyable to Such further punishment for contempt, as the 
Case Shall require. The time of Proclamacons prohibiting the expor- 
taron of Corne: and also that of flower &c. being expired, the Same 
being taken into Considerac^n, and the present Scarcity. It's ordered, 
that the Prohibic^Tns for the exporting of Corne or floure doe Still 
continue in force for the terme of Six Moneths after the date hereof. 

The Payment in die Rates for Horses and Horse=kind being recom- 
mended from the Towne of Southampton and other Townes at the 
East End of Long Island to bee considered of whether not So high, 
it being toe much aboue the present value. Ordered ; That the Rates 
doe continue as they now are ; And that all Persons who have horses 
upon Long Island, doe within the Space of Six moneths prove their 
Horses before the Constable and Overseers or Chiefe Officers of the 
respective Townes to which they doe belong: And Such as Shall bee 
found unmarkt (according to Law^ Shall bee forfeited, the one halfe 
to his Royall Highnesse, the other halfe, to the Towne to which 
[6] They Shall bee brought ; And that noe person presume to marke any 
Horse or Colt, but before the Constable & Overseers or Chiefe Officer 
of the Place. 

That all Persons upon Long Island who have Estates from the 
value of twenty pounds to one hundred pounds may keepe one breeding 
Mare and noe more ; And Soe proportionably for every hundred pounds 
one; But may have as many working Geldings or Horses of Size 
according to Law as hee Shall have occasion of and double the number 
in the woods. 

That every Single Person though but of twenty pounds Estate may 
keepe one CJelding, or horse at home, and in y* woods proporconably. 

Vpon Complaint of the great abuse at the East End of Long Island 
in their Oyle Caske ; It is ordered that there bee a Sworne Gager and 
Tapper of oyle in the respective Townes where the Whaling designe 
is followed : And upon the Peti^n and Complaint of Severall Coopers 



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4 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

in those parts, concerning the making of Oyle=Cask and great deceipt 
used by Strangers Coopers. It is Likewise ordered, that noe Cooper 
Shall bee admitted to make Caske without the Consent of the 
Magistrates and Officers of the respective Townes; And that the 
Swome Gagers [7] And Packers chosen and authorized according to 
Law Shall have the Same Inspection of Oyle Caske and viewing of 
Oyle as for Beef e, Porke &c ; And to have the Same allowance ; And 
the Defaulters to incurr the Like penalty. 

The Oyle Cask or Barrills to conteyne Thirty one Gallons and a 
halfe. 

And that every Town whome it doth or may conceme (if not now 
already provided) doe forthwith make a ffitt Choice of a Gager & 
Packer to officiate as before According to Law : In default whereof to 
answer it at their perills. 

The Church==affaires being taken into ConsideraC^Jn, and particu- 
larly the Affaires of the Ministry as to their maintenance : It's ordered 
that towards the maintenance of the Ministry, besides the usuall Coun- 
try Rate, there Shall bee a double Rate Levyed upon all those Townes 
that have not allready a Sufficient maintenance for a Minister. 

Vpon proposall of having a ff ayre or Markett in or neare this Citty ; 
It is ORDERED, that after this Season, there Shall yearely bee kept a 
ffayre & Markett at Breucklyn neare the fferry for all graine, Cattle, 
or other produce of the Country; To bee held the first Mimday, 
Tuesday, and [8] Wednesday in November and in the Citty of New 
Yorke the thursday, ffriday and Saturday following. 

Ordered, that in Case there Should happen a Warr with the Indyans 
in this Government (which God forbidd) for the better carrying on 
of the Same, one or more Rates Shall bee Levyed, according as there 
Shall bee occasion : An account whereof to bee given to the following 
Court of Assizes. 

Ordered that in all Cases, the Magistrates through the whole 
Government are required to doe Justice to the Indyans, as well as 
Christians. 

That by reason of the Sepera^n by water, Staten Island Shall have 
Jurisdiction of it Selfe; and to have noe further dependance on the 
Courts of Long Island nor on their Militia. 

By order of the Gen^"- Court of Assizes. 

Matthias Nicolls Secretary. 

[9] Whereas you M^ Samuel Leete are chosen and appointed by 
his bono' the Governo^ to bee clarke of this Court and Citty. You doe 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 5 

Sweare by the Everliving God that you will truely and diligently 
discharge the Said Employment of Clarke according to your Duty ; and 
the trust reposed in you, So helpe you God. 

This Oath was administred by the Govemo*"' 
order this 26*^ of S^^^ 1675 by 

Signed Matthias Nicolls, Secretary. 

By the Deputy Mayor and Alderme[n] 
Citty of Whereas his bono"" the Governor by his Proclama- 

New Yorke con bearing date the 13^ day of March 1674 [-5]. Sett 
forth that whereas there had beene a Change of Govemm* 
and other oathes imposed upon the Inhabitants, bee in his Ma^** name 
required all Such Persons as intended to Live under his Ma*^^* obedi- 
ence within his Royall Highnesses Government that they Should ap- 
peare at Such time and places as the Magistrates within their respec- 
tive Townes and places wherein they [10] Live Should appoint to 
take the usuall Oathes of Allegeance and fidelity; And thereby 
comanded all Officers and Magistrates to give order thirein and to 
attend the takeing the Said Oathes, as by the Said proclama^n may 
appeare. And whereas the Mayor and Aldermen in pursuance there- 
of, did appoint Munday the 15*^ of March i674[-5], for the takeing the 
Said Oathes and adioumed from time to time for the doeing thereof: 
Nevertheless wee being informed and finding Severall persons 
within this Citty either by Sicknesse or otherwise have not as yett 
taken the Said Oathes of Allegeance and fidelity, as by the Said 
proclama^n was directed. Therefore that none that doe intend to 
continue and remaine in this Citty may for the future upon any 
pretence whatsoever pleade ignorance : Wee in further persuance of his 
bono'? proclamacon, doe hereby give notice to all persons that have 
not as yett taken the Said Oathes, that they appeare at the Citty=Hall 
on Wednesday the 24*^ of November next by nine of the Clocke in 
the morning at y« third Ringing of the Bell for to take the Said Oathes 
where the Deputy Mayo^ and Aldermen have appointed an Especiall 
Sessions for that purpose and will bee ready there at that time for the 
receiving and [11] giveing the Said Oathes to all Such persons as 
Shall come to take the Same And that all persons that Shall neglect 
to come or refuse to take the Same, take notice thereof at their perills : 
Given under our hands this 30*^ day of October 1675. 

By the Governo* 
Whereas there hath beene a change of Governm* in these parts, 
and other Oathes imposed upon the Inhabitants; These are in his 



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6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ma'"** name to require all Such Persons, as doe intend to continue under 
his Ma*^" obedience within this his Royall Highnesse Government, 
that they appeare at Such times and places, as the Magistrates within 
the respective Townes and places, where they Live, Shall appoint to 
take the usuall Oathes of Allegiance and flfidelity; To which End all 
Magistrates and Officers whome it may concerne, are required to give 
orders therein and attend the taking Said Oathes ; and that the Same 
bee recorded accordingly. Given under my hand In New Yorke this 
13*^ day of March i674[-5]. E: Akdros. S. 

To the Mayo'^ and Aldermen of the Citty of New 
Yorke and to the Justices of the Peace & Magis- 
trates within this Government to cause this order to 
bee forthwith publisht and put in ExecuUon. 

[12] By THE GOVERNO* 

Whereas it hath pleased his Ma*y and his Royall Highnesse to 
Send me with Authority to receive this place and Governm* from the 
Dutch, and to continue in the Command thereof under his R: 
Highnesse; who hath not only taken care for our future Safety and 
defence : But also given me his Comands for Secureing y^ Rights and 
Propertyes of y* Inhabitants ; and that I Should endeavour by all fitting 
meanes the good and wellfare of this Province and dependances, under 
his Government ; That I may not bee wanting, in any thong that may 
conduce thereunto ; and for the Saveing of the trouble and charge of 
any comeing hether, for the Satisfyeing them Selfes in Such doubts, 
as might arise concerning their Rights and Properties upon this change 
of Governmt and wholly to Settle y* mindes of all in Gen^! I have 
thought fitt to publish and declare, that all former Graunts, Priviledges, 
or Concessions heretofore graunted and all Estates Legally possest 
by any under his Royall Highnesse before the Late Dutch Government, 
(as also all Legall Judiciall Proceedings diring that Govern m* [previ- 
ous] [13] To my arrivall in these Parts) are hereby confirmed ; And the 
Possessors by vertue thereof, to remaine in quiet Possession of their 
Rights: It is hereby further declared, That the knowne booke of 
Lawes formerly establisht and in force under his Royall Highnesse 
Govcrnm* is now againe confirmed by his R" Highnesse, the which 
arc to bee observed and practized, together with y* manner and time of 
holding Courts therein menconed as heretofore. And all Magistrates 
and Civill Officers belonging thereunto to bee chosen and establisht 
accordingly. Given under ray hand in New Yorke this 9*^ day of 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 7 

November, In the Six and twenteth yeare of his Ma**** Raigne Annoq* 
Domini, One Thousand Six hundred Seventy and foure. 
This is a true Copy 

Signed. Matthias Nicolls Secretary. 

[14] Citty of ) ^^ These are to give notice to all persons 

NewYorkej ' whome it may conceme; that on Saturday be- 
ing the fourth day of December next at ffoure 
of the clocke in the afternoone of the Same day at the house of M*" 
Peter Denice in this Citty is to bee Lett or Sett for one yeare from 
Such time or times as the old Farmers termes Shall bee expired. 

The Great Packt or Exise and the Small Packte or Exise of all 
Manner of wynes etc, as hath beene heretofore used and accustomed ; 
And that all and every person and persons, that have any Mind to take 
the Same or either of them, repairc to the Said Peter Denices at the 
time aforesaid ; where Such persons who have power to Lett the Same 
will bee ready at the time and place aforesaid. 

Dated this 30*** day of November 1675 

Samuel Leete Clarke. 

[15] By the Deputy Mayo* and Aldermen. 

Citty of )g^ 
New Yorke\ 

Whereas many ill Conveniants heretofore have happened by Sev- 
erall young people firing off of Pistells and other Gunns upon the new 
yeares day, being the first day of January ; and whereas there hath beene 
Severall orders made to that end, that noe person or persons what- 
soever Should Sett any Waygon or Carts ; or Lay any Wood, Timbers, 
Dirt, Mucke, or Stones, or any other Rumblish in the Streetes or high 
wayes. These are therefore in his Ma^'*» name to Charge and CoWand 
all persons within this Citty, that they doe forbeare the fireinge of any 
pistells or other gunns off, within this Citty on the Said i^* of January 
next: As also, that all Persons take notice that they Cleanse the 
Streetes ; Every Person cleansinge before his or her dores. And that 
they and every or any of them, presuminge to fire any pistell or Gunn 
as aforesaid Shall bee proceeded against, as persons not obedient to 
the Lawes and Governm* of this Citty ; And that all persons that Shall 
fayle to cleanse their doores, within one weeke after the [16] Publi- 
ca^?5TT hereof, or Sett any Wagons, Carts, or Sleade in the Streetes, 



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8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Shall bee proceeded against as before : And the Lawes in force to bee 
put in execucUn against them. 

Given under my hand this Last of December 1675. 

Published vlt° Die Decembris 1675 

Present, The Deputy [Mayor] and Aldermen. 
[17] Orders to bee observed by the Constables Wattch and the 

ClTTIZENS^ SOULDIERS IN THE CiTTY OF NeW YoRKE. 

That the wattch bee Sett every night by eight of the Clock Ime- 
diately after the Ringinge of the Bell. 

That the Citty=Gates bee Locked up by the Constable or Deputy, 
before nine of the Clock, and opened in the morning presently after day 
Light at the dismissinge of the wattch ; And if any Person goes from 
or absent him Selfe without consent, hee or they Shall forfeite for 
every Such Default, Tenn guilders. 

That, the Sergeant or Corporall of the Watch Shall at all times. 
Succeed the Deputy Constable upon the wattch for the execuoJn 
thereof. 

That the Constable or his Deputy (the Citty Gates being Shutt) 
be upon the Watch by nine of the Clock, and by his Roole call over 
all the names of those who are to give their attendance there that 
night, and the faylers to bee marked, to pay their ffine, which is to bee 
as formerly foure guilders p*" every default ; And if any one comes to 
the Wattch, after the Roole is called over hee Shall pay halfe the 
ffine aforesaid. 

[18] That, whosoever Shall come upon y* Watch, that is overcharged 
with drinkee ; hee or they Shall pay halfe the aforemenC^ned ffine : But 
if Abusive or Quite Drunke the whole ffine to bee paid, as if Absent 
and Secured upon the Watch all night. 

That, whosoever Shall presume to make any quarrell upon the 
watch upon the account of being of different nations or any other 
pretence whatsoever, hee or they Shall pay a whole ffine and bee lyable 
to Such further Sensure as the Meritt of the Cause Shall require. 

That no Centinall presume to come of his Duty untill he bee re- 
liefed, under a Severe Censure which is to bee at Least twenty guilders 
for a ffine and three dayes Imprizonement. For the time the Officer 
upon y« Watch is to take care, that [it] is to bee equally propor^ned, 
and not to exceed one houre at a time. 

That frequent Rounds bee made about the Citty; And especially 
towards the Bridge ; And not Lesse then three times every night 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 9 

Vpon Complaint made unto the Court ; It is ordered that no Curs- 
inge, or Swearinge Shall be Suffered [19] Vpon the Watch, nor any 
gaminge at Dice or Cards nor any exercise of drinkinge upon the 
Penalty of foure guilders for every Such offence. 

If any disorders are committed upon the watch contrary to the 
tenure of this order, the Constable or his Deputy Shall give an ac- 
count thereof the following morning to the Mayo^ or Deputy Mayo*". 

That a List of ffines bee brought by the Provost to the Mayo"^ or 
Deputy Mayof every month, after which there Shall bee power 
g^aunted to Levye ffines by disstress, if not otherwise Satisfyed. 

The Sergeant belong [ing] to every Watch, Shall come with his 
Halberd ; and See that every one of the watch bring, his Armes, that is 
to Say, his Sword and good halfe Pike on the Penalty of foure 
guilders for every oflFence. 

All Cittizens are hereby ordered to have in readiness in their houses 
for every head one good muskett or fire Lock with Powder and ball ; 
With 6 Charges of powder, & 6 of ball at Least upon the penalty of 
foure guilders for the first offence, double for y* Second, and treaple 
for the third offence; And the Office of each Company [20] are 
required to make or Cause to bee made a due Search for the Same as 
often [as] they Shall See cause and at Least foure times every yeare. 

It is alsoe ordered that the Cittizens Souldierfe upon all occasions 
Shall appeare with good armes before their Captaines, CouUers at the 
first beatinge of their Drums on the Penalty of therty guilders for every 
default; And for not appearinge with good and Sufficient armes for 
every default tenn guilders. 

January the 11*^ A° 1675 [-6]. 

By orders of the Deputy Mayo^ and Aldermex. 

P»* Mee, Samuel Leete Clarke. 

[21} 1675 [-6] Ordered that all and every Merchant & 

January I5^l* Merchants and others that Shall at any time 

or times hereafter trade at this Place before 
the new Docke or warfe (intended to bee buildt) Shall be finished and 
paid for Shall pay proporc^Jnably for his or their Estate or Estates as 
the Inhabitants and other Traders here towards the Buildinge of y* 
Same and defrayinge the Charges thereof. Dated the 14*^ of Aprill 
1676. And then proclaimed. 

This to bee presented to his Hono^ the Governo'' for his approbacoIT. 
15^*» of April Allowed by the Governo'' and 

1676 forthwith to bee put in 

ExecuTOTT. 



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lo MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[22] By the Mayo* & Aldermen. 

Citty of ) ^^ Ordered that all and every Master of vessells 
New Yorke j ' Shall at his or their arrivall at this place as soone 
as hee or they come on Shoare give an account to 
the Mayo"" or Deputy Mayo"" of all and every Passenger which hee or 
they Shall bring in their vessells into this Place upon paine of Every 
Master Soe offending to forfeite for every Passenger hee or they 
bringe, and not give an account off as aforesaid, a Merchandable Bever. 

Ordered that all Merchants and other that Shall at any time come 
and trade at this place before the new Docke or Wharf e (intended to 
bee built) Shall bee finished and paid for, Shall pay propor^nable for 
his and their Estates, as hee or they shall bring here, as the Inhabitants 
and other Traders doe towards the buildinge of the Said Docke and 
defrayinge the Charges thereof. 

Ordered that noe person or Merchant whatsoever Shall Sell, or 
cause to bee Sold, or put to Sale any [23] Goods, wares and Mer- 
chandizes by Retale: upon: paine to forfeit all Such goods: wares 
4& merchandizes vnless Such person or persons are Free-men or 
made Free or Burgers of this Citty, and Settled housekeepers, for the 
Space of one yeare or given Security for the Same: Vnless by Spc- 
ciall Licence from the Mayor and Aldermen with the approba^n of 
the Governor And if any Person or Persons Soe made free Shall de- 
part from this Citty by the Space of Six months Vnless Such Person 
or persons So departing Shall during that time keepe fire and Candle 
Light and pay Scot and Lott, Shall Loose his and their freedome ; and 
that all and every Merchant hereafter to bee made free Shall pay for 
the Same, Six Bevers; And all Handecraft trades and others to pay 
two bevers for their being made freemen; (Vnless by Speciall order 
of Court.) ordered & made, a taxation for the bulding of the new 
Dock or Wharfe : which is to bee Leuyed accordingly. 

Ordered that all persons that keepe publicq houses, Shall Sell beere 
as well as wyn and other Liquors, and keepe Lodginge for Strangers 
Dated the twenteth day of January 1675 [-6]. 

By mee, Samuel Leeth Clarke. 

I24] By the Mayo' & Aldermen. 

Citty of ) ^^ Whereas it hath beene heretofore used 

NewYorkeJ and accustomed that the Inhabitants and 

other Dwellers in their place and Govern- 
ment have paid the Small Pachte or Burgers Excise imposed on all 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK n 

Strong Liquo" wines, beere and Cider etc; which wee find a great 
Burthen and ImposiCUn on the Said Inhabitants and Dwellers in this 
Place and Government. Haveing therefore Seriously considered thereof 
for the good and wellfare of this Place & Government And the Ease 
of the Inhabitants and Dwellers therein, doe order that from and after 
y^ PublicaCon hereof, no Sume or Sumes of Money whatsoever Shall 
bee paid by any Person or Persons whatsoever for the Said Small 
Packte or Burgers Excise, for any Strong Liquors wines, beere Syder 
etc. 

[25] Proposalls by the Mayo* & Aldermen 

presented to his hoxo* the governo* 

1 That there bee 6 houses appointed to Sell all Sorts of wines 
and Brandy & Rume etc and Lodging 

2 That there bee 8 houses appointed to Sell beere Syder, Mum 
and Rum; and to provide for Strangers as the Law directs, to Sell 
Brandy Rum Strong waters & Tobacco. 

3 That 2 of the wine houses bee Ordinaryes and 4 of the Beere 
houses. 

The Prices of wines and other Liquors as they are 
TO be Sold by the Tappers, (Viz'') 

French wines at £. o : i» : 3** p' Q*. 

ffoyall wines and S* Georges "0:1: 6 : p*" Q* 

Madera wines and Portaport " o : i : 10: p"" Q' 

Canaryes, Bresados & Malagoes '* 2 : p*^ Qt 

Brandy " : 6^ p" gill 

Rumm " : 3** p*^ gill 

[26] 

Syder £.0:0 14? p'-Q^ 

Double Beere " : 3^ p"" Q* 

Mum " : 6^ p'-Q* 

The ordinary at y* Wine house p*" meale : i? 

Att the Beere house £0:0:8^ p"" meale 

Lodgeing at y*^ wine house £0:0:4*^ p*" night 

Att the Beere house £0:0:3^ p"" night 

? That the Land in this Citty convenient to build on if the Partyes 
^ho owne the Same doe not Speedyly build thereon may bee valued 
and Sold to those who are willing to build &tc. 



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12 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[27] Cittyof 



New Yorke 



SS 



At a Speciall Court of Sessions holden 
at y*^ Citty Hall the 24 day of November, 
for the takeing and giveing the Oatli here- 
under written to all Such persons as Shall come to receive and take the 
Same. 

Gabriel Minvielle Deputy Mayor in the absence of M*^ Nicholas 
De Meyer 

M*" Thomas Gibbs ~^ 

M*^ Stephanus van CourtLandt L Aldermen. 
M*" Thomas Lewis J 

You doe Sweare by the name of the Almighty God that you and 
every of you will bee true Subjects to the King of Great Brittaine; and 
will obey all Such CORTandements as you Shall receive from his Mdfi^ 
his Royall Highnesse James Duke of Yorke and Such Governo'? and 
Officers as from time to time are appointed over you by his authority 
and none other, whilst you Live in any of his Ma***» Territoryes 
So HELP YOU God. 



[28] 



Sworne before Gabrill Munueile 



Persons Sworne. 



Peter Windsor. 
John Laurens Junior 
William Sidnam. 
Thomas Taylor. 
W" Pinhorne. 
Andries Meyer. 
Patrick Amott. 
Hendrick van Burssen. 
John Janssen. 

[29] 

Justice Whitefield 

Nicholas Blanke 

Hendrick Dusbrough Junio*" 

Andries Res. 

John Charles Russel. 

Robert witty 

Matthew Hilliard 

The 7^ of Decemb*- 

Ao 1675. 
John Cooley 
John Henry 



Peter Janssen 
Francis Wessells 
Dom*^ Jacobus Fabricius 
Johannes Meyer 
Assuerus Hendricks 
Nicholas Du Puy 
Hans Scoderus 
Hendrick Ten Eyck. 
John Van Loney 

Samuel Whiteway 
John Chesam. 
Clement Sebrach. 
George Dalloe 
Engelbart Lot 
Matthys Blanchon. 
John Tuder. 



David Jochemsc 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



13 



[30] Whereas Severall orders have beene heretofore made, and 
published within this Citty to prevent the ranging or Straying of Cowes, 
horses, Mares, hoggs and other cattle in and about the Severall Streets 
of this Citty : And they not haveing beene observed ; It is therefore 
ORDRED to Lett the Said orders bee fully and duely observed by the 
Inhabitants and Dwellers in this Citty, under y* Penaltyes therein 
expressed, and to bee further proceeded against for contempt as the 
Case may require. 

The Sherriffe of this Citty, is likewise to put the Said order in 
Execucon, at his perill. 

It is likewise ordered that the former orders made for cleanying the 
Streets, bee alsoe fully observed, and that the Inhabitants doe on every 
Saturday or oftiner, if occasion bee. Sweep the Dirt or lilts before their 
doores into heapes, on the forfeiture of 3? for each neglect and that y* 
Carmen doe carry the s^ dirt or filts away to Some convenient place by 
the water Side, as hath beene formerly accustomed : under the penalty 
for refusal! or neglect to forfeite their priviled[g]e of being Carmen. 

[31] By the Governor and Court of Mayor and Aldermen 

AT New Yorke 

These are to publish and give notice to all the Inhabitants of this 
Citty, and others whome it may concerne, that for the good, ease and 
more advantage of the Inhabitants, and all Traders, the great Pacht 
or Exize, as alsoe the Little Pacht Burgers or Towne Exize is wholy 
taken of, remitted, and no more to bee paid, by any private or publicq 
persons or houses of entertainment : but all at Liberty to buy and Sell 
freely at due times, when they please: But for to prevent the irr^^- 
larity or confusion that mayht happen by to many disorderly Retailers 
or houses of Entertainm*, it is ordered that none Sell or retayle at home 
nor out of dores. Less then one Gallon except Licenced houses ; under 
the penalty of forfeitinge all Such Liquors, and treble y*^ value; and 
to bee f urder fined or punished for Contempt as the Case may require : 
And all Persons, whom desire to retayle or keepe a house of Entertain- 
ment, are by Saturday [32] The 5*^ of february next, to apply to M"" 
John West present Deputy Clarke of y*^ Court of Mayo*" and Aldermen ; 
where they may See the Regula^ns of Tavemes, and other houses 
of Entertainment: And Such persons as are aproved, have out their 
Licence: without which, whosoever Shall presume after Saturday the 
5*^ of february, to keepe a house of Entertainment, or Sell by Retayle 
contrary to y^ aboue Shall bee proceeded against accordingly. 



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14 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

This Regulacon to continue for the Space of one whole yeare 
untill further order : Of which all persons of this Governm^ or others 
concerned are to take notice and conforme them Selves thereunto 
accordingly, at their perills for default. 

Given under my hand in New Yorke this 29*^ day of January; 
In the Seven and twenteth yeare of his Maj"^^ Raigne : Annoq^ Domini 
1675-6. 

To the May*" and Aldermen The 18*'; day of Aprill 167(5 

forthwith to bee published Examed ^ me Sam^* Leete 

at the Citty^Hall. Clarke 

[33] Upon applicacUn made to us by Severall p^'sons who are willing 
to repaire and build houses in this Citty for their conveniency and 
accomodacon : And wee being informed, that there are Severall Lotts, 
and parcells of Ground in this Citty convenient to build on: and 
Severall houses ruinated and decayed: The Owners whereof being 
either absent, or unwilling to build or repaire the Same: The which 
wee having taken into our consideracon, for the generall good of this 
Citty ; doe order that all the Land convenient to build on ; and all the 
ruinated and decayed houses which are untenentable within this Citty, 
bee fortwith viewed, apprized and valued by persons by us thereunto 
chosen and desired on their oathes : And to bee disposed off to those 
who are willing to build or repaire the Same. Dated the 2^ of february 
1675-6. 

[34] By the Mayo? & Aldermen. 

Citty of ) ^^ Whereas there is Severall parcells and 

New Yorke j Lotts of vacant ground, convenient to build 

on within this Citty: and Severall persons 
being willing to build and Settle therein; but cannot gett houses, or 
ground to build on (the Owners of the Said grounds, refuseing to build 
or Sell) of which Complaint hath beene made to us ; for ease whereof ; 
and for the better populating & Inhabiting the said Citty ; wee haveing 
conceived a good opinion of the fittnesse and ability of M' Thomas 
Lewis Alderman, M^ John Laurence, M*" Oloff Stevens Van Courtlandt, 
M^ Samuel Willson, M*" Adolph Petersen, M*" William Merritt, M^ 
Abraham Janssen, and M*" Soert Olphertsen ; Doe therefore desire the 
Said persons, that forthwith they Servey and value all the vacant Land, 
and ruinated or decayed houses within this Citty, convenient or fitt to 
build; And to make retume to the Mayo'' and Aldermen of the per- 
ticular [35] quantityes, and value of the Said Land, according to the 
best of their Judgment & knowledge. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 15 

The Lands to bee valued at bever-pay ; But on an Equall division of 
their opinions, concerning any of the Said Lands, M*" Thomas Lewis is 
here empowred to have a casting voice. 

Given under my hand this 3^ of february 1675 [-6] 

By the Mayo* & Aldermen &tc 
Cittyof ) ^^ Whereas by a former order dated the 

New Yorke j third instant, M' Thomas Lewis Alderman^ 

M^ John Laurence, M^ Oloff Stevens van 
Courtlandt, M*" Samuel Willson, M*" Adolph Petersen, M*" William 
Marrit, M*" Abraham Janssen, and M*" Soert Olphertsen were desired 
and authorized to view, apprize and value, all the vacant Land conveni- 
ent or fitt to build on : As alsoe all ruinated, decayed and untenentable 
houses within the Severall Streets and places within this Citty: Wee 
having taken the Same againe into consideraOTn [36] for reasons to our 
Selves best knowne; have tought fitt, and doe by these presents add 
unto the aboue menconed persons, M^ Peter Stoutenburgh, M*^ Peter 
Jacobsen Marius ; & M^ Jeronimus Ebbing : And doe hereby desire and 
authorize the Said Persons or any fine or more of them, forthwith to 
view apprize & value all the vacant Land convenient or fitt to build on ; 
as alsoe all ruinated, decayed and untenentable houses within this 
City : and to make retume to us as p^ former order : whereof they are 
desired not to fayle. 

Dated this 18*** of february 1675-6 

By the Governor 

Whereas Since the takeing of, and remitting the Pachts or Exize 
on Liquors in this City in January Last past ; and allowance to all freely 
to Sell and buy to the quantity of a gallon or aboue : The Said quantity 
being So Small, there hath appeared, and is found, thereby a great 
inconvenience [37] And preiudice to the Merchants, and generally 
of the Inhabitants : Which being represented to mee by the Court of 
Mayo*" and Aldennen ; I have therefore ordered ; and doe hereby publish, 
that none except Licenced houses, doe for y*^ future Sell or retayle 
at home or out of doores, Lesse then tenn gallons; upon penalty to 
forfeite all Such Liquors in their possession, and treble the value ; Of 
which all persons concerned are to take notice; and conforme them 
Selues therunto accordingly at their Perills. Given under my hand 
in New Yorke this 14*'' day of Aprill 1676 

To the Mayor and Aldermen Signed E : Andros. 

fortwith to bee published. 

Proclamed y« 14*^ of Ap" 1676 



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l6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[38] By: The: Governor. 

Wheareas. there was an order made : at. the Laste Generall : Courte 
of: Assizes. Prohibiting the Exportation: of: Corne: in Graine or 
otherwise for : the : tearme of : Six : monthes : which Saide time is now : 
neere : Expired : and : the Cropps : not : Yealding : or proveing : accord- 
ing to : Expectation Soe that there is : greate Likelyhood : of a Scarcity : 
of Corne amongst: oure Selues: within this Goverment: and: the 
prohibition Continuing in the neighbour Collonyes: The Same hauing 
beene: taken: into: due Consideration I haue: therefore (with the: 
Aduice of my : Councell :) thought : fit to : order : and and : doe hereby : 
Publish and declare: that: the Prohibitation of Exporting Wheate in 
Graine or: the produce: thereof: as alsoe of: Peaze: doe Continue 
untill the next: Generall: Courte of: Assizes unless: for Shiping in: 
this porte: of: which all persons are to take notice and Conforme 
them Selues : there vnto : accordingly under the Penalty : of forfeiting 
of all: Such: Come and: Vessell: Shipt or taken: in Contrary here- 
unto : Giuen vnder my hand in New : Yorke : the day : of Aprill 
in the 28^ yeare of his Majestyes : Raigne : annoque DommilP : 1676. 

To: the: Mayo^: and: Alldermen of: this Citty 
who: are to: Cause this: Proclama^on 
forth :with to: Bee: Published 

[39] By: The: Gouernor: and: Court: of: Mayo*: and: 
Alldermen: att: New York. 

Theise : are to : publish : and : giue notice to : all the Inhabitants of : 
this Citty and other [s] Whom it may Conceme: that: for the Good 
Ease and more Aduantage of the: Inhab[i]tants & all traders: the 
greate packe or Excize as : alsoe : the Little Packe : (Burgers or : Towne. 
Excize[)] is wholy: taken off: Remitted and noe more: to: bee 
Paide by any Priuate or Publick persons : or bowses of Entertainment : 
but all at liberty, to: Buy and Sell freely att due times when: they: 
Please: but: to Preuent: the Iregularity or Confusion that: might hapen 
by two: many disorderly Retayler* Or bowses: of Entertainment: 
It is ordered: that: none Sell or Retaile att home or Oute of Doores 
Less then one gallon : Except Licenced : bowses under the. Penality : of 
forfeiting all Such: Liquor and trible the Value: and to:bee furthe[r] 
fined: or punished for Contempt as the Case may Require and: all 
Persons whom Desire to : retaile : or Keepe a howse of Entertainement : 
are by Satterday the 5*? of february next: to: apply to: M*" John: 
Weste presant : deputy Qarke of the Courte of Mayo'' and alldermen : 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



17 



where they niay See the : Regulations for Tavernes : and other howses : 
of Entertainement : & Such : Persons, as are Aproved haue oute : there, 
Lysence : without which Whosoeuer Shall presume after Satterday the 
Sd : 5'? of f ebru^'y : to : keepe a howse of Entertainement : or Sell by 
retaile Contrary to the aboue : Shall bee proceed** against accordingly : 
this Regulation To Continue for the Space of one whole Yeare: and 
iintill further order: of which All persons of: this Goverment: or 
others Concerned : are to take notice & Conf orme themselues thereunto : 
accordingly at tliere ^ills for default : giuen Vnder my hand : in new 
Yorke: this 29*^^ day of: Jan^'y: in the 27^^ yeare: of his Majesty^ 
Raign[e] Annoque Domini: 1675-6 
To: The: Mayo^: &: AUdermen fforth:with to bee 
Published att : the Citty Hall 

[40] Jan*" y« 10*^ Att: a Meeting: &? Presant y? May^ 

1675 [-6] : and: alldermen. Some of: the Counsel!. 

The: Gouernor Refers it. to: Consideration: what may bee: done 
by the Citty the Stone &? Carpentors and Workmen to bee. Con- 
sidered of Three: foote Stone: proposed: but: thought too: much 

Proposed what quantity of Stone will be Sufficient its thought. 
Eighteene thowsand Carte Loade: if three foote high which: at 2^ ^ 
Loade : is : 36000 : 

Eighteene Loade of Stone will make butt: i foot: att: 3 foote: 
higli and: 24 foote Ouer the Length of the worke: Computed att: 
betweene 900: & 1000: besides: the Closeing the Ends if Occation — 

A: Sloope will Carry a])oute: 50: Loade one with: an Other: A 
Scow or. or Other Open boate with an: other: 25 Loade Canooes 
to helpe loade : The worke to bee : done by the Inhabitants as they are 
deuided into : Compaynyes &? The Carpentors to haue : a time proposed : 
for them to Vndertake the worke and to bee agfeed with at the 
Cheapest rate Either by the foote or Rod : 

By: the: Mayo": and: Alldermen. 

Citty off ) -^ Ordered: that noe ^son. or merchant: 

New Yorke V * what : Soe Euer Shall Sell Or: cause to bee 

Sould: or put: to Sale any goods: wares. 
& merchandizes by Retaile: upon: paine to forfeit all Such: goods 
wares & mdchandizes Vnless: Such ^son: or ^sons are freemen or 
made free Burgers of this Citty and : doe keepe fire and Candle Lights 
within this Citty and Pay Scott and Lott : towards all. publique dutyes : 
Ordered: that: all and Euery master: of Vessells Shall at his or 

Vol. I.— 2 



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i8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

there arriuall at this Place assone as hee or they come on Shoare 
giueing an: Accomp* to the May^ or deputy May*" of all and Euery 
Passinger which hee or they Shall bring in there uessells into this 
place : upon : paine of Euery Master soe offending to forfeit for : Euery 
passing"^ hee : or they bring and not giue an accomp* of as^ afforesaide 
A: Mdchantable Beaver 

Ordered: that all Mdchants and others that Shall att any time 
Come and trade att this place before the new Dock or Wharfe [41] 
(Intended to bee built) Shall bee finished and paide for: Shall pay 
Proportionably : for his and there Estates as hee or they Shall bring 
hither : as the inhabytants and other traders doe to wards the building 
the Saide Dock and defraying the Charges thereof : 

Ordered: that all and Euery ^son: & ^sons: that is or hereafter 
Shall bee mad*^ A: free burger of: this Citty and not Setled: Shall. 
giue in Security to : Setle In : the Same : by the Space of One Yeare : 
unless ^ Spetiall Lysence from the May'^ and Aldermen with the. 
Approbation of: the Gouernor: and if any ^son or ^sons Soe made 
free Shall : departe from this Citty by the Space of : Six monthes unless 
Such ^son : or ^sons Soe departing Shall : dureing that : time keepe 
fire: and Candle light: and pay Scott and Lott: Shall loose his and 
there freedome: and that all and Euery Mdchant: hereafter to bee 
marie free Shall Pay for the Same Six Beauers: and all handy Crafte 
trades : And others to pay two : Beauers for theire Beeing Made free- 
men Vnless by Speciall Order of Courte. 

Orderkd and made a TaxaciUn for the building of the New dock : 
Or wharfe which is to bee Levyed accordingly : 

Ordered that all ^sons: that: Keepe publique bowses Shall Sell 
Beare as well as wine & Other Liquors & keepe Lodging for Strang'? 
Proclaimed the 20'''' Day of January i765[-6]. 

The 20''« of January 1675 [-6], 
Att a Meetinge &c as touchinge y* ffines Laid Vpon W*" Palmer 
& his Wife itt is Ordered y^ whereas hee & his wife are ffined 22** Itt 
Shalbe Mitticated to ii*» Hee Payinge Costs &<^ 

PRofclLAMXTox ^ Prizes of Grayne till further ord'' 

£ s (1 

Winter Wheate 00 = 05 = 00 

Summer Wheate 00 = 04 = 06 

Barley 00 = 04 = 00 

Rye 00 = 03 = 06 

Pease 00 = 03 = 00 

Indian Cornc 00 = 02 = 06 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 19 

[42] By The: Mayo^ and: Alldermen: 

Ordered that all and Euery ^son : & ^sons being inhabitants and 
Liueing within the Streete Called Heregraft : Shall forth with & with- 
out : delay fill up the graft Ditch or Comon^ Shoare : & make the Same 
Leuell with the Streete and then to paue & pitch the Same: before: 
there doores : with stones : Soe far as Euery Inhabitants house Shall be 
ironting: to wards the S? Graft Or Ditch : upon paine of Euery ^son : 
Soe neglecting Shall haue Such : fines inflicted upon them as the Courtc 
Shall thincke fitt : dated this 9'!? day of May 1676 — then : Proclaymed 

Att : A : CouNSELL HEALD IN : New Yorke the 26^»J Day of May 1676 

Vpon: Consideration of the Returne of the Valuations of the 
Vacant Land aboute this Citty Brought in by the appraisers : Resolued 
that: all: Vacant Land withoute fence not Improued: as directed by 
the Law : Shall bee deemed Vacant : & disposed of according to Law : 
That all decayed howses or lots of Land to the Streetes Convenient 
for Building Shall bee ascertaiHd : to any that will bee willing to pay 
the Purchase to tlie right Owners according to the apprizement unles 
the Owners will build themselues which building Soe to bee made by 
the right : Owners or Purcliasers are to bee Sufficient dwelling howses 
and to bee built within one yeare after the Publication hereof or other 
wise to bee Rendred un Capeable of building upon the Saide Land 
hereaff and the Land to bee lookt upon as other uacant Land and 
ualued accordingly and disposed of by the gouemor for the Publick 

^ By ord' of the Gouemo'' in Councell 

T au \M , T^ ^ \jf r Mathias Nicolls Secr^^ 

To the Mayo' or Deputy Mayo' 

& Alldermen of the Citty of 

New Yorkc to publish this ordT 

Proclavmcd y* 13^** June 1676 

143] 

By The Deputy Mayo» & Alldermen : the 5^" of June 1676 

Courte made choise of M^ Peter Scoutingburgh to bee Receiuer and 
Treasurer of the Cittyes Revenues: who is to: haue 5 ^ Cent: and to 
giue his bond to the May^ and Aldermen: to render an accomp* to: 
them : att : Three months : End : and att : Two months : end & to Con- 
tinue : in the Same till the Election of the next May^ or further Order 

Ordered that all and Euery ^sons gfiueing Security according to 
the Ord'? made : in Capt Nicolls Marality and M'^ Darvalls : Shall bee 
made: freemen of this Citty accordingly: 



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20 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL ' ' 

By the: May^: and: Alldermen: y? 7".' of June 1676 
AND Cap^ Dyer & M* ffredrick Phillips of y^ Counsell 

Ordi£red that William Waldrond bee Veiwer or Searcher : of Pipe 
Staues & John Vincent: his deputy & that: they Come & take theire 
Oathcs & haue a Certificate from the Clarke that they are Soe Sworne 
till the: Election of the next May^ or further Ord*" Boath Sworne 

Ordered: that Ryneere the baker and Cornelius Prouere bee 
Vciuers or Searchers for flower and that they come and take theire 
Oathes and haue a Certificate from the Qarke that they are Soc 
Sworne till the Election of the next Mayo^ or further order: Sworne 
before M*" deputy May^ 

Whereas there is founde Seu^all inconvenyencyes by the but [c] hers 
keepeinge theire Slaughter bowses within this Citty as well as the 
annoyance thereof to y* Inhabitants of the same Itt is Ordered y* for 
y« future there Shall not bee any Slaughter house w^^in this Citty nor 
any Oxen Cows Hogs Sheepe or Lambs killed w^Hu y* same after the 
ffirst Day of Nouember next Ensuinge Vpon Paine not only to forfeict 
all and Euery such meate Soe killed Contrary to this order but for- 
feict to y*^ Vse of the Citty the Sume of 10'* Sterlinge Dated y« 7*^ of 
June 1676 

1441 
r... £ ^ By the Mayo^ & Aldermen 

Citty of ) gg 

New Yorke f 

Whereas there are Seuerall Complaints made as well by the 

Inhabitants of this Citty as alsoe Strangers that Resort here that they 

Cannot gett bread for their money Itt is ordered y^ all & Euery Person 

& Persons y* Shall att any time or times hereafter Vse or Exercise 

the trade Mistery or occupacon of a Baker Shall Bake & Sell to y* 

Inhabitants & Strangers both biskett and household Bread accordinge 

to y* Lawes of England And that he or they that Refuse soe to Doe 

Shall not Exercise his or their Trades nor Shipp of nor Sell Either 

Bread or flower to any Place from this Port of New Yorke Dated this 

7*^ of of June 1676 

By the Mayo* and Aldermen 

Citty of ) ^^ Whereas there is found Seuerall In- 

New Yorke j conveniencys by y* Tanners keepinge their 

Tann Pitts in the Citty as well as y® Annoy- 
ance thereof to y* Inhabitants of y* same Itt is Ordered y* all & Euery 
Tanners and Shoomakers that keepe or haue any Tann Pitts w^**in this 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 21 

Citty shall Reniooue y« same out of y*^ Citty By y« first of Nouember 
next & not to Erect any within y^ said Citty for y^ future Vpon paine 
that all & Euery ^son & ^sons y^ shall not Conforme himselfe accord- 
inge to this ord** shall not only forfeict all & feuery his & theire Leather 
but forfeict to the Vse of y« Citty the Sume of 10*' Sterlinge 
Dated y« 7^^ of June 1676 

[45] Vryne Johnson Discharged of & from \ei\veinge any Pipe 
Staues for the future & in Regard of his great Charge the Court Rc- 
mitt his offence Payinge the officers ffees 

Citty of ) ^^ Att a Meetinge the 24'^ Day of of July 

NewYorkej^ 1676 

M' Deputy Mayor ^ 

Present, M*" Gabriell Munueile vAldermen 

M' Stephanus Van Courtland J 
In Pursuance of former ord" made for the Buildinge of houses 
in this Citty & Settinge forth y^ ground Itt is Ordered that noe Per- 
son or Persons whatsoeuer Shall build Erect or Sett Vpp any house 
or houses Vpon any ground within this Citty Vnless the same be f 1st 
Viewed allowed & Sett forth Vnd' y« hands of Peter Jacobson G.rr 
Lyne Ver Planke ffrancis Rumbolt Adolph Peterson Peter Kinge 
Syvert Oluertson or any fowre of them And they to Certify the Same 
To the Mayor or Deputy & Aldermen to the End the same may be 
Recorded I[n] the Records of this Citty 

As alsoe that noe Person or Persons shall Pauc before his or their 
Dores In y^ Streets of this Citty Vnless the Persons aboue Named 
or any fowre of them Shall first View Direct and appointe how y*^ 
same Shalbe Done & Certify y* same Vnto the Mayo"" or Deputy Mayor 
& Ald^'men as aboue men^ned V^pon Paine all & Euery Person & 
Persons Shall forfeict for Euery offence Contrary to the orders aboue 
menTOned the SUffTe of fiue Pounds to be paid to y« \^se of y^ Citty 

[46] To the Worshippfull the Mayo*^ & Aldermex 
OF THIS Citty of New Yorke 

Wee whose Names are hereunto Subscribed haue Persuant to your 
Commands made a Generall Meetinge And haue by a Generall Vote 
and Consent made Choice of fowre of our Number out of which his 
Honour may bee Pleased to make Choice of two for Tanners Namely 
Caston Leerson Jacob Abrahams John Herbendine Coenraet Ten Eyck 
the Younger As alsoe wee haue made Choice of one for a Currier 



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22 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Namely Peter Pangborne whom wee Judge may be fittinge for die 
trade Soe waitinge yo'' worshipps answer wee Subseinbe [subscri!)e.] 

rCoenraet Ten Evck 



Tanners 
Casten Leerson 
Jacob Abrahamson 
John Harbendinge 
Coen Raet Ten Eyck 
y« young" 
Peter Pangborne 



-< 



William Boyell 
Abell Hardenbrooke 
Dirck Ten Eyck 
Dauid Prouost 
Tymen Van Bossum 
Jacob Clarsen 
ffredrick 



[47] By The Deputy Mayo* & Aldermen 

Citty of ) ^^ Itt is Ordered the Twenty ffifth Day of 

New Yorkej August, One Thousand Six hundred Seau- 

enty & Six By the Deputy Mayor & Alder- 
men That Coenraedd Ten Eyck & William Boylye Immediately Search 
all & Euery Tann Pitts & take an accompt of all & Euery Person & Per- 
sons of what Hides be in Euery Tann Pitt w^^in or aboute This Citty 
And make a true Returne Vpon their View of Euery Persons Names 
That hath any Pitt or Pitts And what hides are in y*^ same Vnto y^ 
May^ or Deputy Mayo*" & Aldermen And y^ noe Tanner or Shoomaker 
after such Scearch made shall take any Leather Hide or Hides out of 
the said Pitts to Sell or worke Vpp Unless such Leather or Hides 
Shalbe first Viewed Tasted & Sealed w*^ a Seale (Appointed for y* 
Purpose) by the said Coenradd Ten Eyck & William Boyle who are 
Swome Searchers And Sealers of Leather for One Yeare or further 
Order Vpon Paine That all & Euery Person and Persons That Shall 
Cutt or Sell Any Leather or hides Contrary to this order Shall forfeict 
the Same 

To THE WORSHIPPFULL Y* DePUTY MaY* & AlDERMEN 

OF THE Citty of New Yorke 

The Humble PetiCSiI of Ebenezer Kirtland 
SniiWETH That yo*" Petitioner is informed y* yo^ worshipps arc de- 
sirous to to Erect & Maintaine a Schooll for y« Educatinge & instruct- 
inge of Youth Either in Readinge Writinge Arithmetick Lattin or 
Greeke Yo*" Petitioner supposing himselfe to bee a Person fitt to 
Vnd''takc and Discharge such an Employ to y* End addressed himselfe 
to his Hono^ the Gouemo** for his good Likeinge therein who hath 
signified y* same to your PetiCSITer & ord^'ed him to make his addresses 
to \'o'' worfps to be y^ Masf of the Said Schooll 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 23 

Your PetiCOTT therefore humbly Prays yo*^ woffpps (if w* Terms 
your Petition^ hath ^posed may be allowed of) that he may be forth- 
w**» Confirmed in y« s*^ Employ as Schooll Mast' &c, he beinge willinge 
to Engage himself e for y^ space of two Years 

And yo*^ Petition*^ shall Euer Pray &c 

[48 j To TlIK WoUSUIPFULL THE MaYO* AND ALLDERMEN OF THIS 

CiTTY OF New Yorke 

The humble Petion of Mathew Hiller 

Humbly Sheweth : : That whereas Yo"^ Petion' hauing (by his 
hono'^ the Gouemor® consent and with the approbation of this Worship- 
full Court) Been Seruiceable to this Citty all moste two Yeares & hath 
Indeau'd the Instruction of Children of what age or sex So euer to 
there Parents Satesfaction : Yet notwithstanding Some Complaintes 
haue beene made (unmerited) to your worships which yowr Petition' 
und'standing made application to his hono^ Informing him the occa- 
tion of Sume neglects which was the greate wants of a Convenient 
howse wherein Yowr Petion' might Settle and not bee trubled with 
Soe often Removalls which I question not butt will bee taken into: 
Consideration but yo*^ Petion^ und'standing of an Obstruction: by a 
Person : Lately arriued here who Indeau'^ : the : Circumventing of yo' 
Petioner and Reape the fruite of his Labours of which Likewise your 
Petion*" hath: fully Informed his hon'^ who is by y*^ Petion'^ humble 
Request: Pleased to Leiue the Ordering of a Scoole and Maste[r] to 
you' worships Pleasure giueing yo' Petion' hopes and Incoragement 
that by y' Worships wisdome things may bee better Regulated 

Yowr Petetion'? humble Request is hee may bee establisht in his 
Imploy in which with the helpe of god hee : doub*? not Satesfaction to 
yo' worships 

And hee Shall for Euer Pray &? 

[49] The 12^" OF August 1676 

Att M"* Deputy Mayo^^ 

^M** Deputy May*^ ^ 

„ ^ M* GaBRIELL MUNUEILE ... 

Present, < t.^, c ^r /- a. > Aldermen 

] M* Steph Van Cortland & 

M» Thomas Gibbs 
Ordered Then that Coen Radd Ten Eyck & William Boyle Imme- 
diately Scearch all & Euery Tann Pitts and take an accSnTpt of Euery 



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24 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Person and Persons of what Hides bee in Euery Tann Pitt within or 
aboute this Citty And make a True Returne Vpon their Viewe of 
Euery Particular Persons Names that hath any Pitt or Pitts & what 
Hides as they shall giue in which are in his or their Pitts & the Day 
of y*^ Month & Yeare When such scearch was made Vnd*" their hands 
Vnto y^ May*" or Deputy Mayor and Aldermen And y^ noe Tanner 
or Shoomaker after such Scearch shall shall take any Leather Hide 
or Hides out of y*' §** Pitts to Sell or work Vpp Vnless such hides or 
Leather Shall bee first tasted & Sealed by y^ said Persons who are 
Sworne Tasters & Sealers w*^ y^ Seale appointed for y* Purpose 

N V t ( ^^^ '^ Meetinge the 25^*? Day of August 1676 

r M^ DEPUTY MAYOR 

Present, J m^ stephanus van cortland 

I^M'' THOMAS LEWIS &^ 

Vpon the Peti?!ons of Ebenezer Kirtland and Matthew Hilliard to 
bee Schooll Masters of this Citty &c Itt is thought fitt and is hereby 
Ordered y* Matthew Hillyer Continue in y^ same hee behaueingc him- 
self e for y^ future better then y« time Past And instead of 12^, 
^ AnHnni accordinge to former Order is only to haue A Roome 
Provided for him 

[50] The 25^« Day of August 1676 

Ordered and Chosen John Harbendinge and Jacob Abrahamson 
to bee Tanners for this Citty and that noe Person or Persons doe or 
shall att any Time or Times hereafter Presume to Exercise the Trade 
of a Tanner Vpon Paine not only to forfeict all such Leather as he 
shall Tann but alsoe be Lyable to such ffyne as shall be Inflicted vpon 
him (Vnless it bee by spetiall ord^ of y^ May'' & Aldermen) 

Ordered and Chosen Peter Pangborne for to bee Currier of this 
Citty & that noe Person or Persons doe or shall att any Time or Times 
hereafter Presume to Exercise y*^ Trade of a Currier Vpon Paine not 
only to forfeict all such Leather as hee shall dress but alsoe bee Lyable 
to such fyne as shalbe inflicted \''pon him (Vnless itt bee by spetiall 
order of y^ May"^ and Aldermen) 

Alsoe Ordered that Noe Butchers bee Permitted to bee Curriers 
Shoomakers Or Tanners Nor shall any Tanner bee Either Currier 
Shoomaker or Butcher Itt beinge Consonant to the Lawes of England 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 25 

ft Pfactized In the Neighbour Collonyes of y* Massachusetts and 
Goneclicott 

[51] The 25^« Day of August 1676 

Further Itt is Ordered that if Any Indians shall bee Seene Come 
out Drunke of any House That itt shall bee a Sufficient Conuiction 
And if Seene Drunke in the Streets and the house not found Out or 
knowne where hee or Shee was made Dnmke The whole Streete to 
bee finable 

Likewise Itt is Ordered that Noe Person or Persons Within this 
Citty or Liberty thereof Doe Distill any Manner of Graine whatsoeuer 
(Except itt bee Grayne) which is not fitt to Grinde & Boalt And such 
to bee approued Viewed and allowed by Reneere Williamson and 
Peter Pleueere who are Sworne officers for That Purpose Vpon paine 
not only to forfeict the same But to bee fined as Contemptuers of 
Authority 

[52] Citty of ) Att a Meetinge att M*^ Mayors House October 
New Yorkej the 3I'^" 1676 

Present M*^ Nich?5: Demy*" May*" 

M*" Thomas Gibbs Deputy May^ 
M*^ Stephanus Van Courtland 
M*" Francis Rumboult 
M*" Johannes Depester & 
M^ Thomas Snawsell 

Whereas itt hath beene Lately ordered that all & Euery ^son and 
Persons y* shall trade att this Place before the New docke or wharf e 
bee built or paid for shall pay proportionably accordinge to their 
Estates as other inhabitants And Likewise to all publique dutyes and 
whereas of Late there hath beene great & Large SuIfTEs of money Layd 
out and disbursed not only for y« s^ Docke but alsoe for diuers and 
Sundry works ffortificaCons and Seuerall other affaires in this Late 
Juncture of time And wee beinge Informed that Seuerall ^sons who 
hauc dealt and Traded in this Place for Seuerall and great Sumes 
and doe intend Suddenly to depart from hence to other Parts There- 
fore wee doe asses & Tax the seuerall Persons hereunder menconed to 
wards y« buildinge y^ s^ docke and defrayinge other publique dutyes 
tfie Seuerall and Respectiue SufTTe & Sumes against their Seuerall 
Names mencCTTed & y' upon demand they and Euery of them pay 
y« same unto M*" Peter Stoutingburgh Treasurer of y« s*^ Citty and 
upon Rcfusall or Non payment of y« same by them or Either or any 



Aldermen 



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26 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

of them imm^diatly Execucon to issue out against such Person or 
Persons or their Estates soe Refusinge or neglectinge to pay such 
SUfTTe or SmTTes as are hereby assessed and Taxed Vpon them 

li s d li s d 

I53J Joseph Hilman 100 = 00 = 00 — 01=00 = 00 

John Inians 376 =17 = 06 — 03=15 = 00 

Jeronimus Ebbinge 1000 = 00 = 00 — io=:oo = oo 

John AUumby 150 = 00 = 00 — 01 = 10 = 00 

Jaruis Marshall 100 = 00 = 00 — 01=00 = 00 

Joseph Knott 300 = 00 = 00 — 03=00 = 00 

John Robinson 2530 =13 = 11 — 25 = 07 = 06 

Thomas Thacher 678= 19 = 06 — 06= 17 = 06 

Edward Griffeth 2030 = 00 = 03 J4 — 20 = 07 = 06 

George Heathcott 2036 = 07 = 06 — 20 = 68 = 00 

Andrew Norwood 63 = 18 = 00 — 00=: 12 = 06 

Cott Lewis Morris 1000 = 00 = 00 — 10 = 00 = 00 

Richard Trauers 400=^00 = 00 — 04=^00 = 00 

John Robson 2389 = 00 = 00 — 23=-^ 18 = 00 

Isack Q)tinho & Company 400 = 00 = 00 — 04 = 00 = 00 

Ralph Huchinson 50 = oo=:00 — 00=: 10 = 00 

M"" Morris 100=^00 = 00 — 01=00 = 00 

M' Tayler 338 = 00 = 00 — 03 = 07 = 06 

M' Camell 100 = 00 = 00 — 01=00 = 00 

M' Helmes ioo=:oo=:00 — 01=00 = 00 

M*" John Allen 448 ==06 = 06 — 04=^08 = 00 

M*^ Shackmaple i8i=:oi=oo — 01=^16 = 00 

Rob* Sandfords Estate 586= 15 = 07 — 05 = 17 = 00 

M*^ James Loyde 2111= 04 =10 — 21= 02 = 00 

Abraham Whirly 666 = 00 = 00 — o6^r^i3^^i3 

Examined ^ Mcc 

Samuell Leete 

Gierke 

[54] Citty of I ,^<^ These are to Certify all Persons whom these 

NewYorke^ ^ Presents may Concerne or Come [to] that the 
Bearer hereof Dauid Jochams the Seauenth 
day of deceniber One Thousand Six hundred Seauenty and ffiue did 
take the Oath of fidelity to our Soueraigne Lord the Kinge And his 
Roy^ Highness James Duke of Yorke and that thereupon hee was 
made a ffree Burger of this Citty and taken to bee an English Man 
within this Citty and Collony and hath y* same Priuiledges and Lib- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 27 

crtyes as any other of his Ma^** Subjects within this Citty and CooUony, 
Wittness my hand and the Seale of y^ s*^ Citty this Ninth day of 
Nouember in the Eight and Twentieth Yeare of the Raigne of our 
most GraC^Jus Soueraigne Lord Charles the Second Kinge of England 
Ac ATITToq* Dim 1676 

[55] (Blank page.) 

[56] (Blank page.) 

[57] By the Mayo* and Aldermen 

Citty of ^ Ordered that noe Inhabitant Merchant or Trades 

New Yorke j Man Or other Person or Persons whatsoeuer which is 
or Shall bee In the said Citty Precincts or Libertyes 
Thereof Shall att any Time hereafter willfully or obstinatly prophane 
the Sabbath dayc By Buyinge or Sellinge of any wares or Merchant- 
dizes of his or their Trade or Mistery Or by Vnlawfull Playinge att 
Cards Dice Tables or any other Vnlawfull Games whatsoeuer Either 
In Sermon Time or w^^'out or By Labouringe in any Trade Mistery 
or Worke which is not of Nessessity As alsoe the disorderly Assemblyes 
of Children In y« Streets and other Places To the disturbance of Others 
with Noyse Upon the Sabbath day which is to bee Vnderstood from 
Sun Riseinge Till Sunn Settinge ffor the Better obseruacon of the 
Premisses wee doe hereby Publish and declare all and Euery Wine 
Brandy Rum or Beare Sellars who Shall Permitt any Person Vpon 
the Sabbath day To Drinke or Game In their houses Gardens or 
Yards Shall for y« ffirst offence fforfeict ffiue & Twenty Guilders fFor 
the Second ffifty Guild" ffor the Third One hundred Guild" WSffTp 
and forfeict his Lycence and y* Person or Persons soe found drinkinge 
Gameinge or Playinge Either in Priuate or Publicke Shall forfeict 
Tenn Guild" for Euery such offence all w*^*^ said fines are To bee 
Leuied to y* Vse of y« 5** Citty Prouided that itt is not hereby intended 
that any Strangers or Trauellers Lodginge in Inns or Ordinaryes or 
any other Inhabitants shall Incurr the afore^** Penalties for y« Vse of 
Beare or Wine Propor?!STiably to their Nessessary Refreshm* 
Dated in New Yorke The Thirteenth day of Nouember 1676 

Examined ^ Mee 
Sam" Lectc Gierke 

[58] By the Mayo** and Aldermen 

Citty of ^ Ordered That The Sherriff Putt in Execucon the 

New Yorke j Order of Assizes made y* Sixth and Endinge The 

Thirteenth of October One Thousand Six Hundred 



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28 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Seauenty and ffiue Concerning Weights and Measures And that all & 
Euery Person and Persons Conforme themselues accordinge as the 
said Order directs And if any Person or Persons shall offend Contrary 
to the same then to bee Proceeded against with all Seuerity accordin^ye 
to Lawe 

Ordered that the Carmen from henceforth doe and Shall Carry 
good Loades (As they ought) And ar to haue Tenn Stiuers a Loade 
And noe more (Except for Wine Lime and Bricke) which for their 
Care and Paynes and handinge the Brickes out of their Carte they are 
to haue Sixpence a Loade And if att any Time hereafter there shall 
bee any difference aboutc any Loade or Loades any Magistrate of y* 
Citty May Viewe and Judge of the same And if any of them Shall 
offend then upon Complainte to the Courte they shall bee ffined as 
the Court Shall See Cause 

Whereas the Twenty ffourth of Nouember One Thousand Six 
Hundred Seauenty and ffiue there was an order made that all Persons 
Should on Euery Saturday Night or oftener Sweepe The dirt or filth 
before their dores on heapes Vpon Paine for Euery Neglect To forfeict 
Three ShilHngs And [59] That The Carmen of The said Citty should 
Carry A way The Same Upon paine of Loosinge their Liberty of Be- 
inge Carmen which said Order is nott Taken Notice of or obserued 
These are Therefore to Giue Notice To all Persons That They Take 
Notice Thereof att Their Perrills And That They That offend Shall bee 
proceeded against Accordinge as the Said Order dire[c]ts Datfj> 
IN New Yorke the Thirteenth Day of Nouember 1676 

Whereas The One and Thirtieth of August One Thousand Six 
Hundred and Sixty Nine There was an Order made That noe Person 
or Persons Should Laye any have or Strawe In their dwellinge houses 
or Places Neare The Same Butt att a distance from their houses and 
The Streets That their Neighbours might Receiue noe damage by 
the Same Upon Paine of One hundred Guild" These are therefore 
to Giue Notice To all Persons that they take Notice Thereof att 
their Perrills And That They That offend Shalbe Proceeded against 
accordinge as the s^ Order Directs 

Ordered That for The future noe Person or Persons Shall Come 
and Dwell within this Citty or The Libertyes Thereof or Take any 
house or houses Ware houses Sellars or Shopps or Lodgings w*** out 
ffirst Cominge To The May*^ or Deputy May"" and And Aldermen And 
haue Liberty or Licence from Them for The doeinge Thereof 
(Except such [60] Such Person or Persons shall haue The Gouemors 
Order for The Same) Upon Paine that all & Euery Person and Persons 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 29 

soc offendinge shall forfeicte y* SuTTTe of ffiue Pounds Stert And to 
departe the Liberty of the Said Citty 

Ordered That all and Euery Person and Persons that Shall att any 
Time hereafter Throwe or Laye any Ashes which haue any ffire in 
Them into the Streete Yards or Backsides Shall forfeicte for Euery 
offence Tenne Shillings 

Ordered That all and Euery Person and Persons that Shall att 
any Time hereafter Throwe or Laye any dirte or Oyster Shells in the 
Streets Shall fforfeicte for Euery offence Tenne Shillings 

Whereas there hath beene Seuerall ord" made about Bakeinge of 
Bread w^^'in this Citty which are not obserued and obeyed; Itt is 
therefore Ordered that all & Euery Bakers w^^in this Citty & the 
Libertyes thereof doe and shall make their bread accordinge to an 
Order made the Twenty ffifth day of October One Thousand Six 
hundred Sixty and Six, Only instead of Dutch weight to make & Sell 
by English (viz*) Sixteene Ounces to the Pound And hee or they that 
shall faile Soe to doe Shall bee Proceeded against as the s** Ord**^ doe 
direct and Pay y* Penalties therein men^ned 

[61] An Assesm^ and Tax made The 10*^ Day of Noueniber 1676 for 

y* defrayinge of the Charges of the New docke & Payinge 

the Citty debts and other Publique dutyes att One 

Penny halfe Penny ^ Pounde 

ti s d. 

050 — Allexander Stilther 00 06. 03 

050 — Andrew Bresteed Cooper 00 06. 03 

100 — Andries Jansen myn Carpent^ . . 00 12. 06 

100 — Abraham Jans Baker 00 12 06. 

150 — Anthony Jans Turke 00 18. 09. 

100 — ^Allard Anthony 00 12. 06 

100 — ^Alexander Watts 00 12 06. 

100 — Abraham Carmer 00 12. 06 

100 — Abraham Planke ck) 12. 06. 

100 — ^Abraham Moll cx) 12 06 

150 — Augustine Blydenburge 00 18. 09. 

150 — Abell Hardenbrooke 00 18. 09 

200 — Adolph Peterson 01 05 00 

400 — Ashur Leuy 02 10. 00 

100 — Albert Bush 00 12. 06 

100 — ^Adrian Vincent 00 12. 06. 

050 — Ambrose the Carter 00 06. 03 



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30 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

ti s d. 

050. — Albert Cornelionson 00 06. 03 

500 — M*^ Andrew Gibbs Merch* 03 02 06. 

050— The Widdow Bedlowe 00 06 03 

500 — Balthazar Byard 03 02 06 



(i) 20 00 00 

ti s d 

[62] 350 — Barrent Courten 02 03 09. 

100 — Baye Croustfeild 00 12. 06 + 

100 — The Widdow Burger Jaruison 00 12 06. 

100 — Voyle Roeloffs 00 12. 06 -h 

500 — M*^ Blake 03 02 06. 

150 — Clause Locke 00 18. 09 + 

400 — Mouns*" D Champe 02 10 00 

050 — Christeene La wrier 00 06. 03 

150 — Cornelius Barenson 00 18. 09. 

400 — Charles Bridges Estate in Yorke.. 02 10 00 

250 — Cornelius Derricks 01 11. 03 

600 — Christian Leiros 03 15 00 

600 — Cornelius Clopper 03 15. 00 

200 — M*" Coaker 01 05 00 

100 — Coenratt Ten Eyck Jun*^ 00 12. 06 + 

200 — Coenratt Ten Eyck Sen^ 01 05 00 

100 — Cornelius Lucas 00 12. 06. 

4000 — Cornelius Stenwicke 25 00 00 

600 — Christopher Hoghland 03 15. 00 

800 — Cornelius Van Borsum 05 00 00 

250 — Claus Bordinge 01 11 03 

500 — The Widdow Drissius 03 02. 06. 

150 — Derrick Ten Eyck 00 18. 09 

150 — Dauid Wessells 00 t8. 09. 

100 — Dauid Proust 00 12. 06. 

600 — Daniell De haert 03 15 00 

500 — Derrick Van Clyffe 03. 02. 06. 

075 — Derrick Clauson 00 09 04-^^ 



75 09 021/0 
(2) 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 3; 

ti s d 

[63J 300 — Dauid Jacobson 01 17. 06. 

100 — Euert Wessells 00 12. 06 

400 — Ephraim Hermans 02 10 00 

200 — Euert Duykinge 01 05 00 

100 — Euert Pess 00 12. 06, 

100 — Euert Arnson 00 12. 06 

050 — Agbert Woonsters 00 06 03 

100 — Elias Poaste 00 12. 06. 

200 — ffredrick Gisberts 01 05 00 

13000 — ffredrick Phillips 81 05 00 

150 — ffredrick Arence 00 18. 09, 

100 — M"* Gibbs Hatter 00 12. 06. 

100 — Gulilimus De honeure 00 12 06. 

100 — Garrett Roose 00 12. 06. 

150 — Garrett the Miller 00 18. 09, 

500 — Garrett Van Tright 03 02 06 

200 — George Cooke 01 05 00 

500 — Gulien Ver Planke 03 o> 06. 

050 — Garrett Hugen 00 c/>. 03 

100 — Hendrick Spangaer 00 12 06 

100 — Hendrick Giller 00 12. 06 

100 — Hendrick Kipp Sen** 00 12 06 

100 — Hartman Wessells 00 12. 06. 

200— Hendrick Williamson Baker 01 05 00 

300 — Hans Kiersteed 01 17. 06 

050 — Hendrick Bush 00 06 03. 

150 — Hendrick Jansen Baker 00 18. 09 

200 — ^Humphrey Dauenport 01 05 00 

150 — Hendrick Van dicke 00 18. 09 

100 — Henry Brasier 00 12. 06. 

150 — Hendrick Wessells Smith 00 18. 09 

(3) 

Ti s (1. 

[64] 100 — Hendrick Vandewater 00 12 06 

050 — John Tunis Carter 00 06. 03. 

050 — Jurion Blanke Sen*" 00 06 09 

200 — Jacobus Vandewater 01 05 00 

100 — ^Jurion Blanke Jun*" 00 12. 06. 

100 — John Scouten 00 12. 06 



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33 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ti s d 

lOO — ^Jeroniy Johnson oo 12. 06. 

300— John Daruall 01 17. 06 

3000 — ^Jacob Leishler 18 05 00 

500 — Widdow Jacob Vernaniaw 03 02 06. 

100 — John fforrest 00 12. 06 

500 — ^James Matthews 03 02 06. 

100 — ^John Derricks Meyer 00 12. 06 

400 — ^John Rider 02 10. 00 

050 — ^Jacob Claois 00 06 03. 

050 — ^John Petris Jous 00 06. 03 

400 — John Sharpe • 02 10 00 

100 — ^Jaques Cousseau 00 12. 06 

700 — Jacob Tunis Baker 04 07 06. 

150 — ^John Steuens Carpenf^ 00 18. 09. 

050 — ^John Van Bresteed Widtf 00 06 03 

050 — ^Jacob Varment 00 06. 03 

100 — Jacob Lenurc 00 12 06. 

300 — ^John Joosteen 01 17. 06 

100 — John Vangaist 00 12. 06. 

050 — ^John Mindenus Miller 00 06 03 

050 — ^Anotto ( ?) Grym 00 06 03 

100 — ^Jacob Sewart 00 12. 06. 

150 — ^John Vingue 00 18. 09 

100 — John Rowliffs 00 12 06. 

100 — John Johnson Slott 00 12. 06 

(4) 

[65 ] 800 — ^John Lawrence 05 00 00 

600 — Jacobus Dehart 03 15 00 

900 — Johannes Van Brugen 05 12. 06. 

250 — John Harpendinge 01 11. 03 

100 — ^John Johnson Carpenf 00 12. 06 

350 — ^John Cowley 02 03 09. 

400 — Jacob Abrahams 02 10. 00 

250 — John Shackerl y 01 11 06. 

100 — ^John Vincent 00 12. 06 

100 — Joufrou Bakers 00 12. 06. 

300 — Jacob Kipp 01 17 06 

200 — Isack Volech 01 05. 00 

200— Jacob Molyne 01 05 00 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 33 

ti 

100 — Isack Molyne 00 

150 — ^Johannes Verueile his house 00 

icx> — ^John Henry 00 

100 — ^J[ohn Rey 00 

100— Lucas Tienhoueg 00 

100 — Lureus Couelt cx) 

200 — Lucas Andres 01 

100 — Martyn the Smith 00 

100 — The Widdow Litchcoe 00 

400 — The Widdow I^ckerman 02 

100 — Lauerus Hust 00 

200 — Martyn Creger 01 

200 — Michaell Smith 01 

1200 — The Widdow Matthias Dehart 07 

100 — Nielli Baker 00 

100 — NiCto Dupin 00 

1500 — Ni^fiST Byard 09 

(5) 

[66] 100 — Nicholas DelapHne 00 

100 — Otto Garretts 00 

100 — Oom Dirck 00 

3000 — OHff Steuenson Courtland 18 

150 — Peter Vandewater 00 

500 — Peter Jacobs Marris 03 

200 — Peter Byard 01 

800 — Pauhis Richards 05 

050 — Peter Delanoye 00 

050 — Peter Cuyper 00 

250 — Peter Derinere 01 

250 — Peter Gronendicke 01 

ICO— Peter GuHaume his houses 00 

050 — Peter Linscon 00 

050 — Paulus Turke 00 

100 — Peter Nice 00 

050 — Peter Wessells 00 

500 — Reneire Williams 03 

100 — Renire Johns his house. ... 00 

Tooo — Robert Storey 06 

100— M"" Spratt 00 

Vol 



s 


d. 


12. 


06. 


18 


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12. 


06. 


12. 


06 


12 


06. 


12. 


06 


05 


00 


12. 


06. 


12 


06 


10. 


00 


12 


06. 


OS- 


00 


OS 


00 


10 


00 


12. 


06 


12. 


06. 


07 


06 


12. 


06. 


12. 


06 


12 


06. 


15- 


00 


18. 


09 


02 


06 


05 


00 


00 


00 


06 


03 


06. 


03 


II 


03- 


II. 


03 


12. 


06 


06 


03- 


06 


03 


12 


06 


06. 


03- 


02 


06 


12 


06 


OS- 


00 


12 


06 



Digitized by 



Google 



34 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

ti 

200 — Sam" Edsall oi 

200 — Simon Johnes Remeyn 01 

250 — Sejert Alterson 01 

100 — Sigmomus Lucas 00 

100 — Syboate Clausen 00 

100 — M*^ Sydenham 00 

300 — Thomas I^wrence baker 01 

(6) 



[67] 100— Thymaen Van Borsum 00 

100 — Timotheus Gabrey 00 

100 — Thomas Tayler 00 

100 — William Churchall 00 

200 — Warner Wessells hatter 01 

100— W'" Cooke Carter 00 

3000— M*- W" Derssall 18 

3000 — Cap* Dellauall 18 

1000 — The Widdow Winder 06 

300 — W"™ Merritt 01 

050 — W™ Aerster 00 

050 — W™ Vredenburge 00 

100 — W™ Schuron 00 

300 — W»" Beakman 01 

2500 — M' Wilson 09 

100 — W™ White 00 

050 — W"" Bogardus 00 

200 — M*" West 01 

100 — W"^ Boyle 00 

200 — The Widdow Van Borsum 01 

200 — Moses the Jew 01 

1000 — M' Gabriell Munueile 06 

800 — Lawrence Vandespeagle 05 

250 — Derrick Smith 01 

050 — ^Adrian Derrickson 00 

100 — Stoffell Elesworth 00 

100 — Joost Carelen 00 

050 — ^J^TTes Johnson 00 

200 — Cornelius Johnson 01 

(7) 



s 


d 


OS- 


00 


OS- 


00 


II 


03 


12. 


06. 


12. 


06 


12 


06. 


17- 


06 


12. 


06 


12. 


06. 


12 


06 


12. 


06. 


OS 


00 


12. 


06 


IS 


00 


iS- 


00 


05 


00 


17- 


06. 


06. 


03 


06 


03 


12. 


06. 


17- 


06 


07 


06. 


12. 


06 


06 


03 


05 


00 


12. 


06. 


OS 


00 


02 


06 


05 


00 


00 


00 


II. 


06. 


06 


03 


12. 


06. 


12. 


06 


06 


03 


05 


00 



Digitized by 



Google 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 35 

!i s (1 

[68] 050 — Lowres Wessells 00 06. 03. 

050 — Jacobus ff rancine 00 06 03 

050— Thomas Dauitts 00 06 03 

050 — Phillipp Smith 00 06 03 

100 — Thomas Jones 00 12. 06. 

200 — Katlierine Purchase 01 05 00 

400 — M*^ Thomas Clarke 02 10. 00 

1000— M^ Sam" Blagg 06 05 00 

200 — M*" Hemlock 01 05 00 

500 — Rob* Leycock 03 02 06 

200 — George Masters 01 05. 00 

100 — W"* Allyn 00 12 06. 

300 — Richard Man 01 17. 06 

100 — Thomas Wandall 00 12. 06. 

SCO — M"" Witty 03 02 06 

600 — M"* Mandeuile 03 15. 00 

100 — John Banninge 00 12 06. 

100 — John S])encer 00 12. 06 

100 — John Watkins 00 12 06. 

050 — Castan Johnson 00 06. 03 

050 — Hans Ghoderus 00 06 03 

200 — Charles Eccles 01 05 00 

200 — Elliott the Cooper 01 05 00 

100 — Clement the Cooper 00 12. 06. 

200 — Rob* Hambleton 01 05 00 

100 — ^John Smeedus 00 12. 06 

100 — Peter Yonson 00 12 06. 

050 — Phillipp fforrest 00 06. 03 

050 — Dauid Hendrickson 00 06 03 

[69] 100 — Simon L>arnes 00 12. 06 

050 — John Peterson Cooper 00 06 03 

050 — ^Jn<> Coursen 00 06. 03. 

100 — Thomas ffordon 00 12 06 

050 — Andreus Clausen 00 06. 03 

050 — ^Arien Yonson 00 06 03. 

050 — George Walsgraue 00 06 03 

050 — George Cobbett 00 06 03 

050 — Abraham Delanoy 00 06. 03 



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36 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

ti s d 

200 — Derrick Seakers 01 05 00 

050 — Rowliff the butcher CX) 06 03. 

050 — Cornelius Cregear 00 06 03 

050— Jacob Cresson 00 06. 03 

050 — Bernard Garrettson 00 06 03 

050— Walter Carr 00 06 03. 

100 — Jacob Israeli y« Jew 00 12. 06 

050 — Horbert Smema 00 06 03 

050 — ^Albert Lenderson 00 06. 03. 

100— W"^ Walderne 00 12 06 

050 — ^John Vincent 00 06 03 

050 — ffrdrick Hendw[r]icks 00 06. 03. 

050 — Claus Johnson Gardener. 00 06 03 

100 — Zachariah Since 00 12. 06 

050 — Gisburt Elberson 00 06 03. 

050 — Hendrick Hugen 00 06 03 

150 — M*" W™ Lawrence 00 18. 09. 

050 — Trinkey Clock 00 06 03 

050 — ^Arian Vanlaw 00 06. 03 

050— Stoffill Vanlaw 00 06 03 

(9) 

[70] 100 — Al' Rodeney & Joseph Lee 00 12. 06. 

050 — Jacob Ments 00 06 03 

050 — ^John Bush y« Tayler 00 06. 03 

050 — Richard Tinker 00 06 03. 

050 — Bamadus Hoskney 00 06 03 

100 — ^Derrick y« WoUspiner 00 12. 06 

050 — ^Andrew Anderson 00 06 03. 

050 — Peter Harmunson 00 06. 03 

050 — Garrett Henderson butcher 00 06 03 

050 — John Shaduell Joyner 00 06 03 

100 — W°* Shipry Mason 00 12. 06. 

050 — Derrick Tunison 00 06 03 

050 — Henry Bush Smith 00 06 03 

050 — John Vangelder 00 06. 03. 

100 — ^Jonathan Prouost 00 12 06 

050 — ^Jonathan Yonson Van Ian von dicke 00 06. 03 

050 — John Longstraighton 00 06 03. 

05a— Jocam Beackman 00 06 03 



Digitized by 



Google 



m. t 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



37 



ti s d 

150— John Moll 00 18. 09. 

100 — ^Joseph Hillman 00 12. 06 

376 = 19 = 06 — ^John Inians 02 07 00-% 

1000— Jeronimus Ebbinge 06 05 00 

150 — ^John Allumby 00 18. 09. 

100 — ^Janiis Marshall 00 12. 06 

300 — Joseph Knott 01 17. 06. 

3530: 13 : II — ^John Robinson 15 12 07 

678: 19: 06— Thomas Thacher 04 01 io,yi 

2030: 00: 03 — Edward Griffith 12 13. 09. 

63 : 18 : 00 — Andrew Norwood 00 07 08. >4 

1000 — Colt Lewis Morris 06 05 00 

400 — Richard Trauers 02 10. 00 

2389 — ^John Robson 14 17. ioj4 

(10) 

[71] 400 — Isack Cotinho & Company 02 10. 00 

50 — Ralph Huchinson 00 06 03 

100 — M*" Morris 00 10. 06. 

338 — M' Tayler 02 01 03 

100 — M"" Camell .00 12 06 

100 — M*" Helmes 00 12. 06. 

448 = 6 = 6 — M*^ John Allin 02 14. 01 

181 = I = o — M"" Shackemaple 01 02 07. J4 

586 = 15 = 7 — Rob* Sandfords Estate 03 10 10 

2111= 4 = 10 — M*" James Loyde 13 03 10.^ 

666 = o = o — Abraham Whearly 04 00 03. 

2036 = o =: o — George Heathcott 12 04. 06. 

100 — ^W™ Lawrence Jun'" 00 12 06 



Citty of ) ^^ These are in his Maj''^* Name to Charge 

New Yorke j & Command You P^sently to demand of all 

& Euery the Persons in a Schedule or Per- 
ticuler hereunto Annexed all & Euery y^ Seu*"all SuTITes of money 
Seu'ally written or sett upon their heads beinge assessed & Rated upon 
them for & towards y* buildinge y* New docke or wharfe paying of the 
Cittyes debts and other Publique dutyes And if they or any of them 
shall Refuse to pay y* seu^'all sunTes of Money soe Rated upon them 
that then you presently Leuy the same by distress and sale of the 
Offend" goods Renderinge to y* Partyes the Ouerplus that shall Re- 



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38 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

niaine Upon sale of y^ said goods And that you giue a true Accompt 

of y* due Execucon of this Precept for y* doinge of which this shall 

[be] yo^ sufficient Warrant Giuex Ynd*^ my hand this 14*** day of 

Nouembe[r] 1676 

To M"^ Peter Stoutingburgh 

Treasurer of y* Citty and to 

his Ma*'" Constables within Nicholas Demey* 

this Citty who are hereby Required May* 

to be aydinge and assistinge 

in y* Executinge of the same 

f72l 

^^^. - . The I4*'» day of XouEMnr 76 

Cmyof gg 4 ^ ^ 

New Yorke C 

J Att a meetinge att M*" May" 

Present M*" May"" 

M*^ Deputy May*^ 

M*- Th5 Lewis '^ 

M*" Jotes de Peister ^[Aldermen] 

M>^ Th^: Snaswell J ^i \ 

Ffor discharginge them from Cuttingc of 

wood upon this Island &c Just against 

W*" Waldron & ^ Hell Gate not beinge w*^in ffence Itt is 

Jo" Peterson Comp** I ordered that y^ s^ W*" Waldron & John 

ag* vSS Peterson may Cutt Timber upon this 



Constable of Harlum 
& Seu^'all other inhab^' 



Island w**»in i Mile of any Plantacon fence 
And y* Timber already Cutt they to Carry 
away And y^ Towne to Pay the Charges 



{73] Att a Meeiitnge att the Citty Hall within the said 
Citty the 16^" Day of Nouember 1676 
Citty off )gg 
New Yorkej 

Present M^ Nicholas Demyer May*^ 

M*- SteplI Van Courtland "^ 
M*" Johannes Depeister and > Aldermen 
M' Thomas Snaswell J 

Ordered By the May' and Aldermen that Jacob the Baker be head 
Viewer or Cure Master of the fflower of this Citty and the Libertyes 
thereof And that he or his Deputy or Deputyes shall not be Oblidged to 
View or Scearch any fflower Vnless firsty Viewed the Boalting Cloaths 



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Google 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



39 



of the boaltinge Mills by himselfe or his deputy or Deputyes and that 
noe Person or Persons shall att any time hereafter head Vpp any 
Barrell kaske or Barrells of fflower till the Viewer his deputy or 
deputyes haue first Uiewed and drawne the same from head to head 
And See the same well packed upp againe upon paine that all & Euery 
Person & Persons that shall offend Contrary to this Order shall 
forfeict the s^ flower 

And then Ordered that Ryenier Willemson & Corneliu[s] Pleuier 
be deputy Viewers or Cure Masters who accordingly tooke their Oaths 
to Execute the same to y* best of their Judgm^ and skills 

Ordered that there shall not att any time hereafter be any fflower 
made of Summer Wheate transported from this Place to any other 
parte Either by ittselfe or intermixed w**^ flower made of Winter 
Wheate upon paine to forfeict y* s*' flower 

And y* for Euery barr*^ of flow*" soe Scearched packed & marked 
as afores^ the s** View" or Curers thereof shall 

haue for their Pains threepence for Euery Examined ^ Mee 
kaske soe Scearched & marked as afores** the Sam*^ Leete Clerke 
one halfe to be paid by y* buyer & thother halfe 
by y* Seller etc Sworne before Mee 

NicHO Demyer May*" 



[74] Citty off ) CQ. These are to giue Notice to all Persons 

New Yorket that haue any debts due to them from or 

upon the said Citty Since the Last day of 
October One Thousand Six hundred Seauenty and fowre that they 
bring in the same to M*" Peter Scoutingburgh Treasurer of the 5*^ Citty 
who is hereby Authorized to Receiue all such Bills within the said Citty 
within fowreteene dayes and without the said Citty within one month 
after the date hereof in Order the same may bee forthwith Audited 
Satisfyed and Paid And that all and Euery Person and Persons that 
shall Neglect soe to doe accordinge as aboue men^ned for default 
thereof shall not only Loose his or their Seuerall and Respectiue debts 
but for the future be barred from haueinge any Pretence or Clayme 
to the same Giuen Vnder my hand this Twenty Ninth day of decem- 
ber 1676 

[75] Citty off ) ^^. Whereas Itt was Ordered The Twenty 

New YorkeJ Ninth day of december One Thousand Six 

hundred Seauenty and Six That all and 

Euery Person and Persons that had anv debts due to them from or 



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40 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

upon the said Citty Since the Last day of October One Thousand Six 
hundred Seauenty and ffowrethat they should bringe in their accompts 
to M*^ Peter Stoutingburgh Treasurer of the said Citty who was thereby 
Authorized to Receaue all such Bills and Accompts within fowreteene 
dayes after the date of the said Order within the said Citty and without 
the Same within one Month. In Ord*^ the Same might be audited Satis- 
fyed & paid And that all Persons that should neglect soe to doe Should 
not only Loose his or their Seuerall and Respectiue debts but for the 
future be barred from haueing any Pretence to the same (As in and by 
the said Ord*" may appeare) In Pursuance whereof itt is hereby Or- 
dered for the due Examinacon & ajustinge of all & Euery such Bills 
debts and accompts from such time as in and by the said Ord' is Ex- 
pressed that M*" ffredricke Phillipps Cap* Thomas Dellauall M*" Oliue 
Steuenson Van Courtland M*" Cornelius Stenwick M^ Guylyne Ver 
Planke and M"" Derrick Van Cliffe or any Three of them Shall and may 
haue full Power to Examine all and Euery Person and Persons Bills 
debts and Accompts due to them & Euery or any of them from the 
said Citty from the said Last day of October One Thousand Six hun- 
dred Seauenty and ffowre and that they the said M*^ Phillips Cap* 
Thomas Dellauall M*^ Oliue Steuenson Van Courtland M*^ Cornelius 
Stenwick M»" Guylyne Ver Plarike and M^ Derrick Van Cliffe or any 
Three of them are hereby desired to Certify to the Mayo*^ and Alder- 
men Under [76] Their hands of all and Euery such Bills debts 
and Accompts due from the said Citty which the said Treasurer Shall 
deliuer Unto them att Such Time as they or any three of them shall 
appointe which was deliuered Unto the said Treasurer according to 
the said Ord"* in Pursuance that the same may be duely Performed 
and all Just debts from the said Citty from that time paid And to 
the End that neither the said Citty nor any Priuatc Person or Persons 
may bee any wayes wronged or injured the Persons aforemenconed 
are hereby impowered to Examine the Accompts as afores"^, Giuen 
Vnder my hand The flSue &: Twenteth day of January 1676 [-7] 

[77] By the Governor 

Whereas a weekly markett in this Citty hath beene thought Neces- 
sary for the Convenience good and welfare of the Inhabitants & 
Neighbourhoode for w^^ a fitt house beinge now built by the Water 
Side neare the Bridge and weighhouse, I have by the advice of my 
Covnsell & Co'^t of Mayor and Aldermen Resolved and Ordered and 
doe hereby Publish the said Markett to begine on Saturday the 24*? 
of March next Ensueinge in the afores*^ house and soe Every Satur- 



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Google 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 41 

day folio wingc, And the Ord' of the Court of Assizes for a ffayre to 
bee alsoc observed to Witt att Breucklin for Cattell Graine &c Produce 
of the Country the ffirst Munday Tuesday & Wednesday in Nouem- 
ber ft in the Citty att the markett house & Plaine afore the Forte 
the Thursday ffryday & Saturday followinge, And that Every Per- 
son or Persons Cominge to the same are & bee free from any Arrest 
or Arrests for debt or debts in their Persons or Goods Cominge to or 
Retuminge from the said Markett or ffayre on §^ markett or fayre 
day or dayes of which all Persons are to take Notice and conforme 
themselves thereunto accordingly This Ord' to bee and Remaine in 
force for the space of three Yeares from the Twenty fourth of march 
next, Given, Vnder my hand in New Yorke the Twenty Ninth day of 
January 1676 [-7] 

E AXDROS s 

To the Mayo^ & Aldermen of this Citty 
who are to Cause this Proclama^n 
forthw*^ to bee Publisht 

Proclaimed 

feburary 3^ 1676 [-7] 

[78] Att a Special! Court of Assizes held 

in New Yorke the 12^** Day of January 
In the 28*^ Yeare of his Majesty es 
Raigne A?Tnq« Dm 1676 [-7] 

Present 

The Gouerno'^ and Counsell 

The Justices of the Peace of the" 

Seuerall Ridings Upon Long 

Island 

The Mayor and Aldermen 7 

of this Citty J 

Complaint beinge made of the great Abuse Practized by diuers 
[persons] who Expose Firewood to Sale in the Government and Par- 
ticularly in this Citty by Reason of the inequality of y* Sticks for 
Length and Bignesse The same beinge taken into Consideracon 

Itt is Ordered That after the first day of May next noe ffirewoode 
bee Exposed to Sale in the Gouernment or Brought to this Citty but by 
the Cord The Length of Each Stick to bee flFoure foote The Cord 
fotire foote in height and Eight foote in Length and fitt Corders to 
bee appointed 



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42 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[79J The former Orders prohibitinge any Parton [Portion?] of felld 
Timber or wood to Remaine upon the Ground to bee duely and Punc- 
tually obserued. And that whosoeuer shall fell or Cutt any Timber or 
wood for any occasion whateuer and not Carry away or Burne the Re- 
mainge Parte the Constables of the seuerall Townes are hereby 
Required to Proceed against Them in their owne Co^'ts for Effectinge 
the same or to the Co^'ts of Sessions that soe they may bee alsoe fined as 
the Case may Require 

By Ord' of the Spetiall 

Co't of Assizes 

Matthias Nicolls 
Secretary 
f8o] (Blank page.) 

[81 ] Citty off ) Att a nieettinge att M*" Mayo" house the 

New Yorkel 28*^ day of ffebruary i676[-7] 

Before NichU Demyer Mayo"^ 

M*" Thomas Gibbs deputy Mayo' 
M*" Stephanus Van Courtland"^ 
M' Johannes De Peister 
M*^ ffrancis Rumbolt 
M' Thomas Snawsell 

Persons that hauc noe Chimnyes or not fitt to keepe fire in 

Claus Ditlos noe Chimney 

Adam Miller the Like 

Cobus de Looper the Like 

John Panacooke the Like 

Peter Powell the Like 

ffredrick the Shooemaker the Like 

Jacob the Jew the Like 

Sibrant Jansen the Like 

Clem* Salmon the Like 

Isack Molyne not fitt to keepe fire in 

John the Glass maker noe Chimney 

Arien hee not fitt to keepe fire in 
Beinge Returned as aboue by Rob* Whitte Constable 
Itt is Ordered that all and Euery the ^son & persons aboue 
menroned shall build or Repayre his or their seu^'all and Respectiue 
Chimneys in his and their houses w*^in the Time or Space of Three 
months next after the date hereof Vpon paine that hee or they that 
shall neglect [82] Soe to doe shall depart their houses and not bee 



>* Aldermen 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 43 

suffered to Liue in the same they not only Endangeringe their owne 
houses but alsoe their Neighbours to be burnt by fire &c 

Whereas the ffiue & Twentieth day of January Last past Itt was 
Ordered that M*- Ffredrick Phillips Cap^ Thomas Dellavall M^ Oliffe 
Stevensant Van Co^^t Land M*" Cornelius Stenwick M^ Guylyne Ver 
Planke and M*^ Derrick \ an Cliffe or any three of them to Examine 
the debts and Accompts of this Citty from the Last day of October 
1674 as in and by the said Order may appeare, In pursuance whereof 
all the afores*^ persons haue Returned Vnd^ their hands an accompt 
of the said Citty debts as foUowes 

New Yorke the iG*'^ of ffeburary 1676-7 

A list of what accompts haue beene Viewed over from 
acco* to acco^ And in the 5^ acco** is found that itt is due by 
the Cytie New Yorke to the followinge persons as followeth 
in wampum 

Tho : Davis Kieckebuls /262 

Besides hee must have one ancor of ) ^ 

40" : at 30 stiu^ y'^ ** or one ancor back f ' 

againe fjflf) — 10 

Laurence Wessellse 300 — 00 

John Garrittsee Carpent*" 45 — 10 

Wilt Pott Carpenf 91 — 00 

Witt Rodeney for his Scow 220 — 00 

ifredric Hendricks Boatman 120 — 00 

John Stevenson* Carpenter 120 — 00 

[83] Andries Jansen Carpent*" /146 — 05 

Evert Everts Pels 24 — 10 

Claes Dirckse 70 — 00 

Gosen Stevenson 1 19 — 00 

Andries Claessen 98 — 00 

Jeremias Jansen Hagenaer 92 — 15 

Elias Post two accounts no — 05 

John Janssen Langestreet 32 — 11 

John Comelissen and John Andriess 139 — 00 

Andries Andriesse 56 — 05 

Marten Clock 9 — 00 

NiSlIo : Baker and John Gerrittse 170 — 00 

John Keteltas 490 — 00 

Dirck Theunissen 122 — 00 

*In the margin opposite Stevenson occurs also the entry "/ 117." 



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44 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Elias Michielse 15 — 00 

Christopher Elswaers 211 — oa 

Tho : Vardon and John Coursen 570 — 00 

Joost Carelsen 42 — 00 

John Janssen Langedyck 112 — 00 

Henry Van Borsitm 1 26 — 00 

The Porters 60 — 00 

Abraham Janssen 215 — 05 

Ambrotius Warande 17 — 17 

Johannes Meyer 98 — 00 

TITO Griffith 18—18 

Andries Meyer 85 — 15 

Peter Wesselse 23 — 09 

William Hellaaker j'j — (x) 

George Janssen 42 — 00 

John Janssen Slott 70 — 00 

John Jansen Moll 80 — 00 

Gerritt Roos and his Son togather 119 — 00 

Gysbert Elbortsen 12 — 05 

Peter Jamton 63 — 00 

John Theunissen 29 — 05 

William Dervall 714 — 06 

[84] Nicfio : D : Meyer /'1873 — 10 

His Hono^ Governo*" Edmund Andross - 6280 — 10 

Andrew Vincent 100 — 00 

Henry Vande Water 60 — 00 

Cornelius Dirckse 60 — 00 

Peter Jacobs 80 — 00 

Henry Newton 280 — 00 

John Joost and Lucas Andries 75 — 00 

OIoflF Stevens Van Courtlandt 363 — 00 

ffrederic : Phillips 701 — 02 

John Andries 154 — 00 

Evert Arentse 153 — 00 

John Shackerly 93 — 00 

Simon Janson Romeyn 50 — 00 

Wilt Churcher and Al^: Stulter 14 — oa 

Dirck Van Qeff iie—igyi 

Hermanus Van Borsum 80 — 00 

James Matthews 123 — 04 

Ditto Matthews 49 — 00 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 45 

Peter Nys two Accounts 283 — i8 

Abraham Lamborts jy — 00 

John Schouten 96 — oo 

John Sharpe 426 — 00 

John Sharpe 284 — 06 

Cornejius Clopper two Accounts 73 — 00 

John Cooly 76 — 10 

Andrew Claessen 10 — 10 

Dirck Evertso ii6 — 00 

Thomas Moore 6 — 00 

John Van Bommell 127 — 15 

Peter Adolphs 91 — 00 

Adolph Peterse 91 — 00 

Andrew Dirckse 100 — 00 

Cornelius Van Borsum 80 — 00 

Qaes Lock 70 — 00 

Gabriell Minveile ' 32 — 00 

David Hendrickse 200 — 00 

[85] John Smeedes /440 — 00 

Jacobus ff rancen 78 — 00 

Matthew Hillyard 400 — 00 

William Palmer 127 — 00 

Henry Van Borsum 31 — 00 

Stephanus Van ' Courtland 1075 — 07 

Cornelius Corssen 1560 — 00 

Abraham Whearby i quoyle of Cordage 125 — 00 

Jacob Leisler 326 — 00 

James Waay 520 — 00 

Otto Lawrence 30 — 00 

John Grissell 20 — 00 

ff rancis Rumbouts 41 — 10 

Jolm Andries 36 — 00 

John Meyndersse Carman \ 30 — 02 

Peter Wessells Carman 36 — 13 

John Langestreet 55 — 10 

Thomas Kock 49 — 12 

Claes Jansen 14 — 05 

Henry Spaniard 16 — 10 

Thomas Griffith 43 — 1<> 

Adolph Peterse 127—00 

Ambrosius Warande « 58 — 18 



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46 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Gisberts Elberts 58 — 00 

Daniell Waldron i — 10 

John Watkins 33—^5 

John Theunissen i — 15 

John Carseboom 9 — 10 

Claes Janssen 13 — 16 

Jacob Vermont 25 — 00 

M" Sarah Winder 70 — 00 

John Hendrickse Bruyn 30 — 00 

Lawrence Zacharius Slure & W™ De Meyer 240 — 00 

[86] Daniell Waldron f^^—'^S 

Lawrens Collevelt 39 — 00 

Cap^ William Dyer 21—00 

Peter Nys 62 — 00 

Henry Wesselse ten Broeck 12 — 00 



Summa Totalis 24505 — 3^ 

'^Frederic: Phillips 

Thomas: Delavall 

- . O: Stevent: Courtland 

^ 1 Cornelius Stenwick 

Gvilain Verplanke 

Derick Van Clyffe 

Itt is therefore Ordered, that M^ Peter Stovtingburgh Treasurer 
of this Cytie to pay or discount with all and Every the abovesaid per- 
sons their Severall and Respective debts and to give his accompt thereof 
vnto the Mayo*" and Aldermen when thereunto Required, for the 
doeinge whereof this Ord*^ shalbe his sufficient Warr* 

Itt is Ordered that for the Necessary and Publique Vse a Generall 
or Publique slaughter howse shall bee Built for the Vse of the 
Cytie over the Water without the Gate att the Smiths fly Neare the 
halfe Moone 

[87] Itt is alsoe Ordered that all and Every person and per- 
sons that have any of the Cyties Ladders Bucketts or hooks in their 
hands or Custody forthwith bringe the same Vnto M"* Mayo' as they 
will answere the Contrary att their ^ills 

Itt is further Ordered that the Severall Weells bee made in the 
places hereafter menTOiled (for the publique good of the Cytie) by 
the inhabitants of Each Streete where the said Wells shall bee made, 
Viz** : one in the streete Called over against Rowliff 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 47 

Johnsons tfie butcher another in the broad way against AI^ Vandickes 
another in the streete Called the ouer against Derrick Smiths 

another in the streete Called the over against the howse of 

John Cavileere, another in the yeard or backside of the Cytie hall an- 
other in the streete called the, over against Cornelius Van 
Borsums and that the severall Inhabitants take Notice of this Order 
and putt the same in Execu^n with all Possible speede as they will 
answere the Contrary att their ^ills 

Itt is further Ordered that the old Church yeard or Late buryinge 
place in the broad way bee Layd out in fowre Lotts Conteyninge Twenty 
five foote Each Lott in the f route (English measure) And the same 
to bee Sold att a Vandewe or Out Cry and that the same bee Layde out 
and Surveyed by M' Adolph Peterson and bee to make a Returne to 
the Clearke of the Courte who is hereby appointed Vandew Master 
for the [sale] of the said Lotts att such Convenient time or times as 
hee shall thinke fitt 

[88] Whereas the fifteenth of October One thousand Six hundred 
and Seaventy Itt was Ordered that all and Every ^son or ^sons that 
should Shipp of from this Place any horses mares or Gueldings for 
Virginia Merryland or any other outward Plantacons should Pay for 
Every horse Mare or Gueldinge one shillinge in Silver or two Guild*^ 
in wampum and for a Colt Vnder a Yeare old halfe the price as in and 
by the said Order may appeare, Itt is Ordered that the said order be 
Continued & stand in force and wee doe hereby appointe M*" Henry 
Clearke to Collect and Receive the same and to pay itt to the Treas- 
urer of the said Cytie for the Vse of the Cytie when thereunto Re- 
quired, Hee haveinge a Reasonable allowance for the same and that 
what ^son or ^sons soeu' shall bee brought in any Vessell or Ves- 
sells Shipp or Shipps to this Porte the Master of all such Shipp or 
Shipps Vessell or Vessells shall immediatly after hee come ashoare 
Repaire to the Mayo*" of the said Cytie and give a full accompt of 
all and Every the passengers that shall bee brought in any Shipp or 
Vessell whatsoeuer accordinge to the fine in and by a for[m]er order 
imposed 

Whereas the Eighteenth of Aprill 71 Itt was Ordered as followeth, 
That FIRST two horses be continually kept in the Commons Vpon this 
Island 

2«>'y That there should bee an Exact accompt of all the horses & 
Cattle branded and brought vpon Record with their Coulours and 
marks and the names of the Owners 

^diy Xhat they should appointe two certaine dayes in the yeare 



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48 MIN'UTES OF THE COMxMON COUNCIL 

for the Brandinge of horses and Cattle and to give Notice thereof to 
the inhabitants by fixinge vpp of Bills for that purpose 
[89] 4*^'y That the branders of Harluni should bringe in an Ac- 
compt to the Recorder Every Quarter of the Yoarc and the Branders 
of the Cytie Every month of all horses and Cattle branded by them ; 
yhiy That they should Receave for brandinge of a horse three 
Guild^^ Seaw.* : And for a Cowe Oxe Steare or heifer two Guild" ovt 
of which they are to Receive for a horse five and Twenty stivers for a 
Cowe &c, fifteene stivers provided the money bee first delivered into 
the hands of the Recorder who vpon Stateing of the AccoMpt Every 
halfe yeares end shall pay to the branders of Harlum aforesaid two 
thirde partes, and to the branders of New Yorke three fifth ^tes of 
the said fees and the Remainder to bee Left to the disposall of the 
Mayors Courte 

2^^^ ffebr 1 676 [-7] : 

Wheras, most Every Court Day some of y* Mayo*" and Aldermen 
also of y* Nominated Jury doe stay a long time after y* appoynted 
howre of Sitting wherby y*^ Court often times stays a long time before 
they can sitt Therefore it is ordered by y*^ May"" and Aldermen that 
henceforth Every of y^ Mayo^ and Aldermen as of y*^ Jury (hauing had 
notice thereof before) that shall not be in Court at y* third Ringing 
of y« bell shall forfeit 6* for Every Default & Aldermen 10* 

[90] The 13*^ day of June 1677 

Know all men by these presents that wee Matthias NicoUs 
Secretary to his Hono^ the Governo'^ Gabriell Munveile of this Citty of 
New Yorke merchant and John Palmer of the same GeH*: are holden 
and firmly bound to our Soveraigne Lord the Kinge in the SuIIIe of 
Two Thousand Pounds to bee paid to our said Soveraigne his Heires 
Successors or Assignes To the which paym* well and Truly to bee made 
Wee doe binde vs and Every and Either of vs Joyntly and Seu^ally for 
and in the whole our and Every and Either of our heires Executo^* 
and Adr!T" and Euery of them firmly by these presents Sealed with our 
Scales Dated the Seauenth day of June in the Twenty Ninth yeare of 
his Majest}'es Raigne Annoq* Domini 1677 

The Condicon: of this ObUgaC?5IT is such that whereas the aboue 
bonden Matthias Nicolls hath a Commission from his Hono"" the Gov- 
ernor to bee Vendue Master in this Citty and Precincts whereby the 
trust of Severall Persons goods and Estates are put into his hands 
if the said Matthias Nicolls doe well and truly acquitt himself e and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 49 

performe the trust Reposed in him of a Vendue Mast^ that then 
this present ObligacofT to bee Voide and of none Effecte otherwise to 
Remaine in full force Power and Virtue 
Sealed and deliuered in Gabriell Munueile O 

Presence of John Palmer Q 

Cesar Knapton Matthias Nicolls q 

Witt Nicolls 

Both the Wittnessess affirminge 
to mee they Saw the bond Sealed 

[91] 28*'' July 1677 

Whereas upon the Second of July 1667 It was ordered by y« then 
Govern^ and Councell that all Ships or Vessells which should Land 
or transport any goods to or from this port were to pay towards Re- 
newing and Repayring of y* Bridge of this Citty & other Necessary 
Expences for y^ Landing of their goods fine Stiv*"® in Bever or y* 
worth for two tunn and for y'^ Transporting of goods that is to say 
for one tiM of Tobacco, two Stivers in Bevers of y® worth for one 
hundred bevers or y* worth in other ffurrs or peltry twenty Stivers in 
Bevers or y'^ Worth. Wee y* Mayo*" & Aldermen of y« Citty of New 
York doe hereby desire M*" Henry Clark Search*" of this port to Collect 
and gather y^ same and giue an Accompt thereof & pay y* Same 
to y* Treasurer of y* Citty hauing A Reasonable Allowance for his 
care and paines for the Collecting thereof ^ 

[92] Citty of New Yorke * 

Mf Walter Webly I would desire you to deliuer to M" Hublings her 
two bills for I haue receaued the Contents of them William Sprage 
would desire yo" to send him what you haue of his in you"" hand 
Fairefeild July [y]*^ 25*^ 1677 Yo" to serve 

James: Shore 
Wee John Wryte and Wiltm 
Hedge Saw y* aboue named 
James Shore of ffairefeild in 
New England Signe y* aboue 
wryten as witnes ou*" hands 
John Wryte: Wittm Hedge 

Sworne before mee y* first day 
of aug"* Anoq Dom 1677 

NicC? D: Mey*" Mayo** • 



Vol. I.-4 



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5<» 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[93] Citty of N York ] 



[941 

Ann Litscho 

Deharts house 

John Lawrance 

The heirs of Andriss Jockems 

Corsten Lcerse 

Ditto one house more , 



The Water side 



00= 8 = 

. — 12 — 
.— 6 — 
. — 10 = 
.— 8 — 



A Rate of taxacon made this 24*^ Day 
of July 1677 by y® Mayo' and Aldermen 
vpon houses and Vacant Lands witlin this Citty for y« Defraying and 
discharging y« Citty Debts and expences to be payd as followeth 
Vizt; The one Moety or halfe thereof Imediately and y* other y« 25**' 
of 7ber next ffollowing 

Henry Brazier ..= 5== 6 

W*? Beekman house and Brewhouse = 16 = 

Abraham Verplank = 8 = 

W»" Rodeney and Joseph Lee = 6 = 

Derrick the Norman ....^ = 5 = 

John Lawrance = 5 = 

Christopher Alswart = 6 = 

Joost Carolts = 5 = 

Lambert Clamp = 8 = 

Jacob Hellaker = 5 = 

Peter Lawrance = 5 = 

Henry Ricks Smith = 10 = 8 

Henry Lamerts = 5 = 

Henry Brazier = 4 = 

John Vigne ^lill and dwelling house = 12 = 

John Borlasser Okum maker = 8 = 

Abraham Lamberts Moll = 10 = 

Henry Vandewater = 10 = 

Albert Cornells = 6 = 

CorneHus Clopper Dwelttng house = 12 = 

Dito Smiths house = 8 = 

Evert Evert Pells = 8 = 

Elizabeth Thyson = 4 = 

Dito = 4 = 

Derrick Eversen ff loyd Boatman = 8 = 

John Johnson Slot = 6 = 

Martin Meyre Smith = 11 = 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



51 



Cornelis Dirxe 

Jacob Lockerman 

Mary Lockerman 

Jacobus Dehart 

Johanes Vanbrughe 

Thomas Lewis 

Evert Duyking 

Trinity Clock 

John Shackerly 

Angell Burgers 

Thomas Wandall 

John Darvall 

Charles Vanbrughe next John Darvall. 

Dito Clem* y« Coop^ 

Lodowick Post 

Louelaces house 

Reeneer Johnson 

Sybrant Johnson 

Cornelius Johnson Vanhoorne 

Albert Bush 

Sybout Clarston 

S V Cortlandt 

Isaac Molyne 

James Matthews , 

Nidi Jansen Baker 

[95] 

Gulline Verplank 

Samuell Edsall 

John Hendrix Bruyn 

Allard Anthony 

Lucas Thienhouen 

M^- Bedloo 

M*" Bedloos small house 

Mary Jacobs 

EHz : Drissius 

Paulus Richards 

Peter Byard 

Jacob Leisler 

M" Darvall 

John Thunis Carman 

John Everts Kataltas 



II — 

10 — 

10 — 

•12 — 

-14 = 

■12 — 

10 — 

. 6 — 

■II — 

• 8 — 

-ID — 

•ID — 

6 — 

•10 — 

■ 8 — 

-10 — 

5-H 

- 10 — 

- 8 — 

- 8 — 
- 12 — 
-12 — 
- 12 — 
-12 — 

-12 — 
-12 — 

-12 — 
-16 — 
.16 — 

- 6 — 
- 12 — 
- 10 — 
-10 — 
-10 — 
-16 — 
-12 — 

- 4 — 

- 4 — 



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52 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Vacant Ground 

Widdow Daniells East side of her house 35 foot 
front to y^ water no Long on \v*^l^ can stand 3 
houses 37^ — los in Bev^'' ==12 = 

The west side of her house 20 foot front and 40 

foot Long 25 ^ in bevcrs = 4 = 

Widdow Goverts Betweene hr two sonns houses 

25 foot front to y'^ water 190 foot Long = 6 = 

John Shackerleys Lot next Jacob Deharts = 8 = 

The Widdow Govert Lockermans from her Sonn 

Jacobs to y^ Widdows owne house 190 foot Long . . = 8= . 

M*"* Bridges next to Capt Salsburys 70 foot front 

to y^ water 42 foot deep = 16 = 

M*" Leisler Betweene M*^ Darvall and his house 
Front to y^ Bridge 24 foot 45 foot backward Or- 
dered y* it shall not be built upon as M^ May^ 
Informed M*^ Lewis — 8 = 

Hooglands Corner front to y* Bridge 50 foot to y* 

Pearle Streete = 2== 

[96] 

I Oiristop*" Hoogland — 10 — 

I Garritt Hugghen — 8 — 

I Anna Vanborsom — 11- 

I Henry Jelleson — 8- 

I W*" Cook where Harmetie Janes Lines in — 4 - 

I W*" Cooks dwelling house — 6- 

I John Schouten — 8- 

I Henry Arients Spaniard — 8 = 

I Jacobus Vandewater — 8- 

I Peter Jacobs Marius — 8- 

I Peter Jacobs Little new house — 4 = 

I Thomas Lamberts — 10- 

I Andriss Clarse — 6- 

I Thomas Lawrensen — 10 - 

I Jiiryan Blank = 8 = 

I Warner Wessell — 10 = 

I W? Allen — 8- 

I Clause Burdinghe — 8- 

I Andrisse Breesteede — 8- 

I Michall Smith — 8- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



53 



I Isaac Greeveraat •. . . . 

I Cornelius Vanborsom Dwelling house 

I Corn? Vanborsom next his house, 

Henry Arentse in y« Pearle Streete front 17 foot 
18 foot Backward not to be built standing so 
near y« fort 

The Markett Feild & Broadway 

Cornelius Vanborsom 

Cornelius Stenwick 

Richard Man 

Peter De Rymer 

197] 

Mattie Greverart 

ffredrick fflypsons new house 

Ditto old house of Vancliff 

Dito next Jacob Dekeys 

Jacob Tunis Dekey 

Barent Course 

Dito of Anthony Demilt 

John Stevense 

M«" Isaac Deschamps Dwelling house 

M' ffredrick Arients 

John Johnson Brestede 

Jacques Cresson 

Isaac Abrahams 

Walter Hayes 

Garritt y* Miller 

Capt Lockwood 

Soert Olvertson 

Guear Garrits 

John Hendricks Vangurst 

Abraham Wherley 

John Manders 

Governour Louelace 

Evert Arison 

Isaac Greveraat 

Dito 

ffredrick fflypson 

W" Vanderschueren 

Derrick Wessells 



8 — 

12 — - 

8 — 



.— 6 — 6. 

— 8 — 

— 8 — 

— 4 — 
— 10 — 

— 6 — 

— 6 — 
— 10 — 

— 6 — 

— 6 — 

= 8 — 
— 10 — 

— 8 — 

— 6 — 

— 4 — 

— 6 — 

— 6 — 

— 4 — 

— 8 — 

— 4 — 
= 6 — 

— 6 — 

— 6 — 6 

— 10 = 

— 7 — 

— 6 — 

— 6 — 

— 7 — 

— 8 — 

— 6 — 



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54 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

I John Vangelder 

I John Watkins 

I Phitt Peters 

I Capt W™ Lawrance 

I George Cook 

I Harman Smeeman 

[98I 

I Paulus y« Turk 

I Albert Leenderse 

I Samuell Leete 

I Anna Cox 

I Martin Cregger 

I Garritt Vantrict 

I Dito store house 

I Gabriell Monvielle 

I Balthazar Bayard 

I Lucas Andress 

I John Joosten 

I Robert Darkins 

I Ametie ffabricius 

I Peter Simpkam 

I Hendrick Vandykes Dwelling house 

I Henry Vandyke 

I Ditto new house 

I Mother Drissius 

I Humphrey Davenport 

I Nicto Blake 

I Peter King 

I ff rancis Lee 

I W™ Vredenburgh 

I Garritt Roos 

I Peter Stowtenburgh 

I George Cobbett 

I Domne Harentius 

Houses 

Capt William DyVe 

Derrick Seakcr 
[99] Vacant places. 

John y« Cooper 55 foot front 30 foot deep 

M' Lockwood 21 foot front 100 deep 



6—. 

■ 6 — 6 

ID — 

. 8 — 
6 — 

- 6 — 

. 6 — 

■ 6 — 

■ 7 — 
■14 — 
- 10 — 

- 8 — 

■ 8 — 
16 — 

- II — 

- 8 — 
. 8 — 

- 8 — 

- 5-6 

- 6 — 

• 6 — 

• 10 — 
. 6 — 

■ 6 — 
•II — 
-II — 
= 6 — 

- 6 — 

- 6 — 
. 6 — 

- 6 — 

- 6—. 
. 6—. 



6=., 
6=. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



55 



M*" Woolsencraft 12 foot front 50 deep 

M*" Monvielle on his owne house 18 foot front 100 

deep 

Baltus Byard 18 foot front 100 foot deep 

Henry Vandyke betwixt M*^ Blake & his new house . 

S. Van Cortlandt 78 front 100 Deep 

Schabanck 140 front — 150 deep 

Albert Leenders 28 front 40 deep 

Gab : Monvielle ff ront to y« ffort 42 foot — 50 foot 

deep 

Houses The Walls 

I Mathias Jans 

I Anna Hall 

I Barse Lott 

I Robert Story i small house 

I Ditto one new house 

I John Johnson Langdyke 

I Jacob Smyth Turner 

I M^ Gibbs I 

I Zachariah Sluys 

I Cornelius Johnson Blindman 

I flFredrick Hay Coop' 

I Derrick Smith 

I Jarvis Marshall 

I Adrian Dirxe 

I Gisbert Elberts 

I Henry Brazier 

I Samuell Wilson 

[100] Vacant places 

Patersons corner by y* Wall 28 foot front to y« Wall 
The other Corner old house & ground front to wall 

22 foot to y« street 26 

Tobeepaydby y*) Mother Drissius 150 foot front 
buy" f along y« Wall fitt for to build . . 

Henry Brazier 29 foot front 30 foot deep 

John y« 18 foot front 60 deep 

Houses The high Street 

I Conrade Ten Eyck Jun"" 

I Nicholas Bayard 



= 15 = 
= 16 = 



= 10=^ .. 



4 — 
4 — 
4 — 
4 — 
6 — 

4 — 
4 — 
4 — 
6 — 
6 — 

5 

8 — 
6 — 
6 — 

4 

6 

12 



- .S-6 



— 6 — 6 



I = 



6=.. 

6=.. 

• • — • * 
6==.. 
4=.. 

8—. 
12 — . 



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56 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



David Jochems 

Dito where Doctor Lane Liued 

John Harperding 

John Johnson Langdyke 

Evert Wessells 

y* widdow of Meynders Cooper 

Lawrence Wessells 

W™ De Hooneer 

M*" NictT Demy" Little house 

Dito new great house 

Dito Dwelling house 

Barent Cours 

John Cooley 

Barent Coursfeild 

Jacob Abrahams 

Dito Shopp 

Abell Hardenbrook 

Dito small house 

The house of Cowenhoven 

Evert Duycking 

Henry Wessells Smith 

Peter Vandewater 



lOl] 

Peter Johnson Vanworkendom 

Caroll Vanbrughe where y* Siversmith Liv'd. 

Dito Little house 

Gurtry Ibon 

Sigismundus Lucas 

Lawrance Hulst 

Augustine Blidenburgh 

Dito New house 

Joris Jonson 

• M*" Evert Peters 

Adolphe Peters 

Reyneer Williamson 



— 8- 

— 6- 

— 8- 

— 6- 

— 6- 

— 6 

— 6 

— 10- 

— 8- 

— 12- 

— lO- 

— 8- 

— II - 

— 8- 

— 8- 

— 6- 

— 8- 

— 4- 



5 — 
8 — 

II = 

4 — 

6 — 
6 — 

5 — 

6 — 
6 — 
8 — 
8 — 

4 — 
8 — 

ID — 

8 — 



Vacant Places 

Derriclr Smiths old house against M*" Lewis 27 foot 
front to y*^ water 64 foot Long wide behind 37 
foot 



= 8 = 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



57 



M^ Patersons peece of ground y* Corner 50 foot on 
y* Street side and 24 foot deep = 8=.. 

Coenratc Ten Eyck against N : Demy" 

29 foot front 43 foot deep 8 = . . 

Widdow Burgers front to y^ high Street 25 foot 

square ^^ 4=.. 



The Smiths Street 

Abell Hardenbrook — 5 — 6 

Barnardus Hassell — 7 — 

Jacob Israeli — 4 — 

John Smeede — 4 — 

John Reay — 6 — 

Garritt Hendrix . — 6 — 

Andrias Rees — 4 — 

Emmete Dirkse — 4 — 

James Wedrest — 4 — 

Peter Harmensc — 4 — 

Arthur Strangvvidgc — 4 — 

Andriss Andress — 6 — 

102] 

Asueras Hendrix — 6 — 

Henry Vollikertse — 4 — 

ff redrick Harmense — 4 — 

Albert Trumpetter — 4 — 

John Andriess — 4 — 

Robert Whitty — 14 — 

Tymon Vanborsom — 6 — 

Elias Provost — 6 — 

John Henry — 6 — 

John Comelis — 6 — 

John Peters Rosh — 6 — 

Christian Lawriers — 6 — 

John Johnson Coop*^ — 4 — 

David Provost Dwelling house — 8 — 

Ditto New house in y« Street — 4 — 

John Peters Cooper — 7 — 

Thomas Lewis — 7 — 

Houses 

Ephraim Harman on y* Hill Downe to Mother 

Dobsons front 16 = 60 foot deep =^ 4 = 

Derick Siecker 28 foot front about 40 foot deep. . ^^ 6 — 



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58 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Houses Mill Street Lane. 

I Henry Vandusbury 

I John Hendrix Vanbommell 

I Jacob Molyne 

I Hans Goderies 

I Corsten Johnston 

I Ditto ^rill house 



4 — 

6 — 

7 — 
6 — 

4 — 
4 — 



[103] 



Vacant places 



John Harperding 28 foot front 50 foot Long. 
Bays Croewelt 23 foot front 100 foot Long. . . 
Jacob Molyne 46 foot front 100 foot Long. . 



4 = 
4 = 
6 = 



Houses The Smiths Street Lane 

I Peter Wessells 

I Nicholas Byard 

I John Bosh 

I Richard Tinker 

I Ambrosius Warren 

I Thomas Vardon 

I Barent Gerritse 

I John Langestraete 

I John Coursen 

I Capt Nicolls y« hous of Albert y* Trumpet*". . . 



6—. 
6—. 
5-6 

5—. 
5-6 

7— • 
6—. 

5-6 

4— • 
4—- 



Vacant places 
Jeff ery Bakers 72 front 90 foot deep . . . . 

Hendrick Jellison) /v> f t 

Lawrance Hulst J 

Capt. Nicolls ff ront 1 10 foot deep 



8 = 
8 = 
6 = 



The Heere graft and y^ Bever graft And Markett- 
Houses 

I Adrian Vincent — 6 — 

I Johanes Depeister — 10 — 

I John Vincent — 6 — 

I Anna Vincent — 6 — 

I Claus Lock — 7 — 

I William Bogardus — 6 — 

I Derrik Claus Potbaker — 6 — 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



59 



I Margrett Bakers — 14 — . 

I Joakim Beekman ' — 5 — 6 

[104] 

I Johanes Vervelin — 12 — 

I Margrett Provost — 4 — 

I W°» Waldron — 6 — 

I Otto Grim — 6 — 

I AUexand' Watts — 8 — 

X Abraham Kermes — 7 — 

T W"* White net Isaac Van Vleck — 4 — 

I W"^ Whites I ,. iliug house — 6 — 6 

I Dito great work house — 5 — 

I M" Desilla — 6 — 

I M' Norwood — 10 — 

I Henry Gerrits , — 14 — 

I Fredrick Hendricks Boatman = 4=-- 

I The Barkmill corner = 4 — 

4 Mother Drissius — 18 — 

I Jacob Theunis Quick , ., . . — 4 — 

I Claus Ditloo — 4 — 

I George Walsgraue — 4 — 

I Isaac Van Vleck — 8 — 

I dito 6 

I Jacob Kipp — 14 — . 

I Daniell Waldron — 05 — 6 

I Jacob Mens — 6 — 6 

I Thomas Taylor = 6 — 6 

I Peter Winster = 6 — 6 

I Condrate Ten Eyck Seni'" — 11 — . 

I Belltie Theunis — 6 — 6 

I Nicholas Delaplaine — 7 — 

X Booelle Rooloofe — 8 — 

I Cornelius Barents — 8 — 

I Henry Vanborsom — 6 — 

I Jacob Leunis (?) — 6 — 

Ditto — 6 — 

Houses Fe^"> Street 

1 Estiam Gevian 4 — • 

I Nicholas De Puis — 8 — . 

X Egbert Wowters — 6 — 6 



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6o 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Henry Johnson Vandervin 

Henry Bosh 

Andrew Claus son in Law 

Samuell Davis at y^ swan 

James Roy 

Henry Vanbommell 

Lawrence Colvelt 

Jacob Tormont 

Peter Guillams 

ditto 

Henry Jansen Baker 

Arian Jonson Hageanaes formerly belonging to 

him 

Andrew Clauson 

Jacob y* Baker 

Ditto 

Isaac Deschamps 

Hugh Barents 

Paulus Richards 

Lambert y* Taylor 

John Adams 

Mettie Jans 

David y* Turner 

Derrick Teneyck 

Peter Van Narden 

W" Merritt 

Jacque Couseaw 

Peter Abrahamson 

io6] 

Christoffle Van Lues 

O. Stevens Van Cortlandt 

Haunse Keersteed 

Dito 

O. Stevens 

Lawrance Vanderspigle 

John Johnson Moll 

Vacant places 

Jacob Molynes Corner against Peter Nyss 40 foot 
front to y« graft 18 foot deep 



6 — 
8 — 
6 — 
6 — 
6 — 

6 — 

7 — 
6 — 

8 — 
6 — 
8 — 

6 — 

4 — 
8 — 
8 — 
10 — 
5-6 
8 — 

4 — 
4 — 
6 — 
8 — 
8 — 
5-6 

II — 

8 — 
6 — 



6—6 
6 — 6 
8—. 
4— • 
5-6 

12 — . 

5-6 



= 6 = 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



6i 



Joakim Beekman Shoomaker 26 foot front to y*^ 

graft 84 foot deep 

The Widdow of Dauid Provost next to Capt NicoUs 

23 foot front to y*^ graft 40 foot deep 

Allexand*^ Watts front 40 foot deep 100 

Paulus Richards 30 foot front 50 foot Deep 
Mother Drissius front 30 foot 100 foot deep 
Ditto another Lott 33 foot front 100 Deep. . 
Ditto another Lott 40 foot front 100 foot deep 

Markett Feild Street 

Isaac Vreest 60 foot front 40 foot deep 

O. Stevens Vancortlandt 70 foot front 50 foot deep 

Beyers Graft 

Andriss Claster 31 front 30 foot deep 

Vrian Blank 50 front 100 deep 

Egbert Wowters 25 front 100 Deep 

Jacob Abrahams 45 front 100 deep 



[107] Heere graft 

Mother Drissius 30 front 40 deep 

Ditto Drissius no front 50 deep 

M" Stevesant 22 front 40 deep 

Condrate ShoomakT 22 front 40 deep. 



— 6 — 

= 8 — 

= 6 = 

= 6 — 



: 8=.. 
10= . . 



6 = 
8 = 
6=. 
8 = 



4 = 
9 = 

5 = 

6 = 



The Stone Street 

I John Sharp 

I Dito 

I O. Stevens Van Cortland dwelling house. . 

I Dito Malthouse 

I Dito one dito in y* Stone Street 

I Sarah De Forest 

1 M*" Palmer 

I fifred : fflypson 

I John Ryder 

I fifred : flSypson 

I Dito 

I Christian Peters 

I Symon Barents 

I Caspert Semytts 



12 — 

: 8 — 

12 — 

• 8 — 

6 — 

. 6 — 

16 — 

8-= 

:II 

14 = 
8 — 

- 5-6 
. 6 — 6 
. 6 — 6 



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62 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



I John Johnson Van 

I Lawrance Vanderspigles dwelling house. 

I Dito in y« Stone Street 

I Ditto in y* Stone Street 



6 — 6 

ID — . 

6—. 
6—. 



Heere Graft 

ffredrick fflypson 35 front 100 deep == 2=.. 

Cornelivs Commeasurer 20 foot front 30 foot deep . . = 2 = . . 

Gulline Verplank = 2==.. 

Capt DyVe = 2=.. 



[108] The Maruelt Street & Winkle Street 

I Henry Williams Baker 

I Otto Garritson 

I Jeremias Jonson 

I Anthony Jonson 

I Abraham Jonson 

I Henry Kipp 

I Dito 

I John Derrix Mey^ 

I Andriess Jonson Mey*" 

I Peter Jonson Mezies 

I W" Welch 

I ffredrick Gisbcrts 



8—. 
6 — 6 
6 — 6 
8—. 
6 — 6 
6—. 
6—. 

5-6 
6 — 6 

4—. 

5 — • 
8—. 



Vacant Places 

Peter De Rimer 30 foot front next ffred : Gisberts. 

fFred : Gisberts 23 foot front 

Peter Jonson 24 foot front to y^ Stone 

Street 60 foot deep 

Anthony Demilt 



.= 6=.. 

.= 6=. 

.= 6=.. 

.= 6=.. 



I Capt DyVe 

I Derrick Seaker 



Out of the Towne 



= 12- 
= 12 



25 August 1677 

Warrant made to Peter Stoutenburgh Treasurer to Levy y* 
abouesd Sums &c 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 63 

[109] 21 September 1677 

Ordered for viewers of all manner of Casque within this Citty that 
Richard Eliott and Andrew Brestede see y*^ same bee made according 
to an Order made by y« Goveni'' and Councell & IVIay** and Aldermen 
y« 24 & 27^^ March yy 

Ordered that all ffecs of this Court that are not payd shall bee payd 
according to y*^ table of ffees made by his honour y^ Govern^ and Coun- 
cell & May*" & Ald^^men since y^ Gouern*'^ A rriuall here & not otherwise 

[no] 7ber 27^^} 1677 

Whereas Seucrall Complaints are made aga^ the Sherriffe for not 
executing seuerall execucons in his hands aga^ M*" John Ryder & at 
It is ordered that he forthwith execute y*= same or in default thereof 
his D(5pty or Deptys to execute y^ same 

[hi] Edmund Andros. Esq' Seigneur of Sausmarez Lieut. & 
Gou"o* Generall Vnder his Royall. Highnes James Duke 

OF YORKE AND ALBANY &C. OF ALL HIS TERRITORIES IN 

America 
r>Y Vertue of his Ma*'^^ Lfs Patents and the authority Derived 
Vnto me, from his Royall Highnes I doe hereby appoint and 
authorize you, M*" Stephanus Cortlandt to be Mayo*" M^ John De- 
peister M*" John Inians M*" ffrancis Romboutt. M*^ Thomas Snawsell 
M' Peter Jacobs Marius and M*" Giulaine Verplanke to be Aldermen ; 
And M'' Thomas Ashton to be Sheriff of this Citty Giveinge and. 
grauntinge Vnto you the said Mayo*" & Aldermen or any ffoure of 
you — Whereof the Mayo*" or Deputy Mayor to be alwayes one ( Vn- 
lesse in case of necessity by their absence sicknes or otherwise, when 
the eldest Alderman is to preside) And vpon equality to haue the 
castinge and Decisive Voice, with full powers and lawfull au- 
thority to Keepe Gov'ts and Admister Justice as A Co*"t of Mayo*" and 
Aldermen, or Sessions and Rule & gouerne all the Inhabitants and 
others within this Citty, Corporation and libertyes thereof accordinge 
to the Lawes of this Gou*"m! priuiledges and practizes of this place. 
And alsoe to appoint such Vnder officers as you shall Judge necessary 
for the orderly execu^n of Justice, thereby requiringe all ^sons 
whome it may concerne to giue that due obedience Vnto you, as to 
Magistrates Constituted by his Ma**«» Authority as aboue, as they & 
cu'y of them will answeare the contrary at their Vtmost ^ills And 
for yo*" soe doinge this shalbe to you and eu*'y of you A sufficient war- 
rant and discharge in that behalfe, This Comission to be off; force 



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64 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Vntill the xiiij*^ clay of October next which wilbe in the yeare One 

thousand Six hundred Scaventy and Eight beinge the Vsuall tyme 

and Day of elleccon [112] And change of Magistrates or till further 

order Given Vnder my hand and sealed with the scale of the Province 

in Newe Yorke this xiiij*'* Day of October in the xxix*^ yeare of his 

Ma^*^* Raigne Annoq^ donli 1677 ^ ^ 

" E: Andross. 

Entred the xvj**^ 

Day of 8*"" TJ. ^ me Sam : Leete 

Cler 

1 113] Citty of(oo Att a Spcciall Co^ holden at y« Citty 

New Yorke] Hall within the Said Citty the Seaven- 

tcenth day of October 1677 before 
M^ Steptlus \ an Courtland May^ 
M^ Joties De Peisten Deputy May*" 
M*" Inyan ^ 

M^ ffrancis Romboult 
M*" Thomas Siiawsell )>AldcrnT 

AF Peter Jacobs Marius & 
M^ Gnylyne \ erplank 
And Whereas M*" John do Peisten the fifteenth Day of this Instant 
made his Application to his Hon'" for his beeing excused from y* 5* 
Place of Deputy Mayo^ and to continue an Alderman for this Citty 
(by reason of his not well vnderstanding y« English Tongue) which his 
Hon*" y^ Govern'" referred to this Co*^* 

In Pursuance and obcdiance of his Hon*^ Comands and the Appli- 
cScon of the Said M^ Jolles. de Peisten to this Co*1 Wee doe hereby 
nSiate and appoint M*" John Inian in y<^ Sickness or absence of the 
Mayor to be Deputy May'" 

Constables for this Citty 
M*" Paul Richards "^ Sworne for one 

M*" Cornelius Derrickson Lyear or further 
M*" Jolies Cowley J orders. 

The names of the Carmen discharged for not obeyeing Comand 
and Doing their Dut\'es as becomes them in their Places. 
John Langstrawe Hensbord Elbertyes 

Tho: Griffith John Courssen aTS Cherry Tree 

W? Cooke John Maynarde 

Hendrick y* Spaniard Symon Lucas 

Qaus Johnson Daniell Waldren 

Peter Wcssells Ambross Warren 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 65 

[114] Court Doe hereby order and Discharge all & every of the above- 
said Persons to be Carmen of or within this Citty or Liberties thereof 
vntill further order, And for Such their contempt fyne either and every 
of them, three shillings a peece or els to carry fifteen Loads apeece 
to the Wharfe of the Said Citty. And the said Persons being called into 
Co'* and hearing their Discharge read vnto them, They cither and every 
of them for himselfe prayed to be admitted and that they would Submitt 
to y* Judgm* of y^ Co^ and Submitt to such Condicons as y^ Co*^* should; 
order & direct. Vpon their Admittance and for the ffees of their doeing^ 
and performing their Dutyes for y« Citties buisines. 

Vpon which said submission y*^ Co*^^ doe hereby order and Appoint 
that the abovesaid Persons be admitted to be Carmen for this Citty and 
to have y* same rates, as have been allowed to Carmen, formerly by an 
Order of Co*^^ bearing Date y^ Thirteenth Day of November 1676, And 
that they either & every of them are to carry for and vpon any Occas- 
sions for y« Publicque vse of this Citty for eight Stivers a Load and to 
Load & vnload the Same & to make good Loades at such tymes & Places 
as the Sherriffe or his Deputy or tlie Wharfinger or other offic'^ for 
that purpose Shall order Direct or appoint vpon paine that all & every 
such Person or Persons Soe offending shall Loose their places and 
be further proceeded against for their Contempts as y'^ Co*^ shall think 
fitt. 

Whereas it hath Pleased God of his Infinite mercy and goodness 
this last Yeare to Send a good and Plentifull Crop of graine in this Col- 
lony as well as other Islands and Plantacons Adiacent which wee pray 
may be continued and that the Poor may Reape the benefitt thereof 
and have Bread at Reasonable Rates It is hereby ordered that Bakers 
within this Citty & the Liberties thereof Shall Sell bread at y* Several! 
Rates and prizes followeing vpon Paine not onely of Loosing all such 
bread as shalbe made and found in their Shops or put to sayle but 
be Liable to such former orders as have been made in this Case (viz) 

fits] Double wheate of xiij^English xxij st 

Single wheate iiij^ xj str 

halfe wheate , . i j** x st^ 

A single Rye iiij" ix st 

White bread ij" xi st 

ffor a double Rye xiij** xxiij s 

ffor a halfe Rye .ij^ iij stj4 

ffor White Bread j« x st 

ifor !/$» 2st^ 

Vol. I.— 5 



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66 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

And it is hereby further ordered that all & every Baker Shall bake 
y^ above nienconed bread & hee or they neglecting Soe to doe shall 
not Bake any Cakes Cookes or any other Bread, And that M*^ Jacob 
the Baker and M*^ John Derrickson are Sworne Searchers & weighers 
thereof till the fourteenth of October next or further Order. 
Proclamed the xxvj^^ day of 
October 1677 

[116] By the Governo* 

Vpon advice of my Councell I have ordered and Doe hereby pub- 
lish that the Temporary Orders Concerning the prizes of Corne made 
and published the Twentith Day of January 1675 having been Long 
Disvsed is now wholly Repealed and for the future made totally Voyd 
Given vnder my hand in New Yorke the xxiiij'^ Day of November 
1677 

To the Mayo' & Aldermen 
to cause this to be publisht 
as is vsuall 

Proclaimed y* xxvij*** Day of 

November 1677 1 



Att a Councell held in New Yorke the Seaventh 
Day of November 1677 

Vpon Complainte made of great abuses practized abroad Concern- 
ing the flower exported from this place Notwithstanding the marking 
of the Barrells with the Citty marke by an Officer therevnto appointed 
Some bad flower passing vnder y* Said marke aswell as good. Ordered 
that from henceforth every man Shalbe obliged to put his own brand- 
marke vpon all Barrells of flower as they goe of to be Shipt but not 
before by which meanes the person from whome any bad flower Shall 
come may be knowne Soe to be Lyable to make Satisfaction to y* 
party Concerned and noe Disreputation Redound to the place in Gen** 
on that Account. 

By Order of y* Govemo*" 
Proclaimed y* xxviij*** in Councell. 

Day of November 1677 Matthias NicoUs Seer'' 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 67 

[117] Citty of ) The Co" of Record of the Citty afore- 

New Yorkej said holden att the Citty hall within the 

Said Citty the Eighth Day of January 
i677[-8] 
Before M' Steplms Van Co^'^land Mayo*" 
M'^ John Inian Deputy May*^ 
M*" JoRes De Peister ^ 
M*" Peter Jacobs L Aldermen 

M«- Gulyne V : Planck J 
For Overseers of Chymnies or ffyres w^^'in this Citty, John Cooly 
and John Derrickson Meyer. Co*^ Order to be Sworne till October next 
or fifurther Order, and that they once in Six Weekes Veiwe all Chim- 
nies and fire hearths according to former Orders and Customes. 

Ashur Levy then makeing his Addresse to the Court that hee might 
be admitted to build the Slaughter house mentioned in the order dated 
(l6*^) of February i676[-7] and to take in Garrett Janson Rose to 
be Partner with him therein, and that all persons should haue Lib- 
berty to kill & hang theire Meat there, paying for the same as formerly 
in other places 

Whereupon hee building the said house according to his promise, 
Court grant and giue Libberty that the sayd Ashur Levy shall and 
may take in Garrett Johnson Rose to be his Partner therein, according 
to his Proposalls. 
[118] (Blank page.) 

[119] Citty of ^ The Co" of Record of y« Citty afore- 

New Yorkej said holden att the Citty hall within the 

Said Citty the Two and Twentith Day of 
January 1677 [-8]. Before M'' Mayf &c. 
Whereas, Severall persons are behinde in Arreare of paying their 
Scverall Levies and Taxes Assessed vpon them. And although often 
demanded have neglected to pay the Same As alsoe Severall persons 
being fyned for their Severall offences comitted and the Same being 
Severall tymes Demanded have likewise neglected to pay the same 
These are therefore to give Notice to all Persons in Arreare That Vn- 
less they pay their Severall Taxes and fynes w^^in Tenn Dayes to M*^ 
Peter Stoutingburgh Treasurer of the Citty That then Imediately af- 
ter, Distress will be made of their goods, and put to Sale and the 
Overplus to be retorned to the Severall Persons of whome the Same 
Shalbe Levied. 

Proclaymed the xxiij*^ of 
Jan^f 1677 [-8]. 



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68 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[i2o] (Blank page.) 

io*l» ffeb^y 1677 [-8]. 
[121] City of ) Att a meeting Att M^ Mayo^? being 

New Yorke j p^'sent All the Co**^ Except M*" Snawsell. 

Vpon a Difference inter the Pit and 
Cor: Van Gloren "^ Def^ Concerning the Building of a Boate. 

V. vSS bigger and Larger then their Agreement 

John Scouten J The Co^l Referr the Same to Lucas Ander- 

son and Abraham Moll to examine the 
Matter and to make a finall end thereof or els to make their Report 
to this Co*^ next Co*^ Day. 
Qement Sebroock, 

Sworne Constable in the Place of John Cooly till the ffour- 
teenth Day of: October next or further Ord^ 

Citty of 7 The Court of Record of the Citty afore- 

New : York ^ said holdcn at the Cittie hall within the said 

Citty the 8^1^ of OctolF 1678. 
Before Stephanus van Corltandt Mayor &c : 
Ashur Levy came into the Court and affirmed that hce had built the 
Slaughter house and prayed the Court to confirmc the same upon him 
and Garrett Johnson Rose Which the Court at his speciall instance & 
request doe confirme y* same according to former order. 

[122] Sr: Edmond Axdrjs KnT Seigneur of Sansmarez, Lieut* & 
Governo'": Gen": of New York and all other his Royall Highness Ter- 
ritoryes in America, and Vice Admirall under his R^! H? of all s^ 
Territoryes & adjacent ^tes, seas Rivers waters &c. 

By virtue of his Maj*'*?^ Lett*"? Pattents and y^ Authoritty derrived 
unto mee. fro: his Royall H*: I doe hereby appoint, & authorize yo^ 
M*": Stephanus van Cortlandt, present Mayo^ of this Citty to be judge 
of the Court of Admiralty within this Cittie and of all Territoryes 
seas Rivers, Waters &c: adjacent. M*": John Innyans M^: Francis 
Romboult, M*": Peter Jacobs & M^: Guylaine ver Planck Aldermen 
to be Assist*? in holding the said Court, M*" : Samuell Leet to be Reg- 
ister, and M*": Thomas Ashton Marshall, Giueing & granting unto 
yov the said Judge with any three or more assist? full power and 
Lawfull authorrittie to hold the said Court to administer Justice in 
all Cases requireing it, relating to the Seas or Maritime affaires, and 
all matters of the Civill Law thereon depending, and to call before 
yo? and examine any person or persons upon oath, and to heare, ad- 
judge and giue yo': determinScon in anie Matter or case that shall 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 69 

come before yo** according to y* Civill Law, and the Lawes and 
customes of y* Sea, & Admiralty in such Cases provided as a Court 
of Adm^ may or ought to doe for & dureing the tearme of yo^ Com- 
mission of Mayoralty, or until! further Order, Given under my hand 
and sealed w*** y* seale of the Province In New York this fifth day of 
octotF in y* 30*?? yeare of his Maj^*^* Raigne Annoq*^ dom 1678. 
Examined by mee E: Andros s: 

Matthias Nicolls seer : 

[123] Sr: Edmond Andros KnT seigneur of Sanzmarez, Lieut*: & 
Governo'' : Gen" : under his R^! Highn? James Duke of York, & albany 
of all his Territoryes in America 

By virtue of his Maj**^* Letfl pattents and y*^ Commission and au- 
thority unto mee given by his R : Ilighn^ : I doe hereby in his Maj**^* 
name constitute & appoint & authorize yov Cap": Thomas Delavall 
to be Mayour M*": John Innyans M*": Francis Romboults, M*": Peter 
Jacobs M*": Guylaine ver Planck M*^: W"*: Beeckman & Christoph: 
Hooghlandt to be aldermen & M*": Thomas Ashton to be Sheriff e of 
this Cittie Giueing and granting to yo^ the said Mayour & aldermen 
or anie fower of yoV whereof the Mayour or Dep^ : Mayor to be all- 
wayes one unless in case of necessittie by theire absence sicknesse or 
otherwise when the eldest Alderman is to preside and upon Equallittie 
to haue the decissiue & casting voice w**^: full power & Lawfull Au- 
thority to keep Court & administ*": Justice as a Court of Mayor and 
Aldermen or Sessions, and to rule and governe all the Inhabbit^: & 
others within this Cittie Corporacon & Libberties thereof according 
to the Lawes of this goverment: Privilledges and practice of the 
place and allso appoint such under officers as yo^ shall judge neces- 
sary for the orderly execution of Justice hereby requiring all persons 
whom this may concerne to giue that due obedience unto yoV as to 
Magistrates constituted by his Maj^*?^ Authorrittie as aboue, as they 
& every of them will answer the contrary at theire uttmost perrills. 
And for so doeing this shall be to yo'.* and every of yoV a sufficient 
Warrant and discharge in that behalfe This Commission to be of 
force untill the 14*** day of octofe^ next w^^: will be in the yeare 
one thousand six hundfd seventie and nine being the usuall time & 
day of Election & change of Magistrates or till further order. Given 
under my hand & sealed w^l? the seale of the Province In New York 
this I4**» : day of Octo^ in the 30*1" yeare of his Maj^'f* Raigne Annoq* 
^^ ^678. E ANDR0S.S: 

Examined by mee 
Matthias Nicolls sec: 



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70 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[124] S^ Emoxd Axdros Kn^: seigneur of Sansinarez Lieut*: and 
Gouerno'' Gen" : of New York and all other his Royal! Highn* Terri- 
toryes in America & Vice AdniM under his R'l H? of all said Territoryes 
& adjacent ^tes seas Rivers, waters &c : By virtue of his Ma*'^* Lett"^^ 
pattents and the authoritie derived unto niee from his R: H: I doc 
hereby appoint & authorize yoV Cap": Tho: Delavall present Mayor 
of this Cittie to be judge of the Court of Admiralty within this Cittie 
and of all abouesd Territoryes seas Rivers Waters &c: adjacent and 
M*": John Innyons M^ Francis Romboult Peter Jacobs Guylaine ver 
planck W'": Beeckman and Christoph^ Hooghlandt Aldermen to be 
assistants in holding the said Court, M^ : Samuell Leett to be Register, 
*& M^ Thomas Ashton Marshall, Giueing & granting to yoV the said 
Judge with anie three or more Assistants full power & lawful! author- 
ittie to hold the said Court, to administ^ Justice in all cases requiring 
it, relateing to the Seas or ^laritime affaires and all Matters of the 
Civil! Law thereon depending, and to call before yoV & examine anie 
person or persons upon oath and to heare adjudge and giue yo^ de- 
terminacon in anie matter that shall come before yoV according to 
the Civil! Law and the Lawes & Customes of the sea in such cases 
provided as a Court of Adm*y: may and ought to doe as authorized 
until! further order: Given under my hand & sealed w*!? the scale of 
y* Province in New York this I4*V: day of Octo'^: in the 30***: yeare of 
liis Maj»»?« Raigne Annoq<^ Dm 1678. j, Akdros: s 

ExStf by mee 

Matth : Nicolls sec : 

[125] Citty of ^ Court of Record of tlie Citty aforeSd 

New York^ Iiolden at the Citty hal! within the said Citty 

22? Octo^ 1678 Before Thomas Delavall 
Mayo'' and a full Court 

Constables for the Citty 
John Hendrick Browne 
William Cox 
Baltaz Bayard 

William Cox and ) Sworne in Court ^ 

Baltaz Bayard \ til! 14: octo: or furth^ ordf : 

24: OctotF 1678. 
John Hendrick Browne Sworne 
Before M**: Mayor as at)Oue. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 71 

At a Meeting holdcn at the Citty hall the 28*!? of Octob: 1678. 
Before 

Thomas Delavall, Mayor 
John Innyans Deputy Mayor. 
Francis Rombolt 



Aldermen 



Peter Jacobs. 
Guilaine Ver Planck 
XpUfer Iloghland 

For Harlem, Resoliie Waldron sworne Constable till the 14**^: of 
Octol^: next or further order. 

Overseers Sworne 
John Dickman. 
Lawrence Jans. 
Arian Hermenson 
John Hendricks van Breaford. 

[126] For the Bowry. 

Jacob Peterson Groot sworne Constable till the 14*!? of Octobr next or 

furthf order. 

Overseers for the same sworne. 

Arian Cornelison. 

Bastian Ellison. 

Woolford Webber. 

Citty of ^ These are to certifie all persons whom it may con- 

New Yorkj cerne that the Bearers hereof Cornelius Jacobson and 
Matthias vander Heathen this present day did take 
theire Oaths of Fidellittie to our Soveraigne Lord the King, and his 
Royall Highnisse James Duke of York, and that thereupon they were 
made Free Burghers of this Citty and Collony, and haue the same 
Libberties & Privilledges as any other of his Maj*'** Subjects within the 
said Cittie and Collony. Wittnesse my hand and the scale of the said 
Cittie the fourth day of November in the xxx*^: yeare of the Raigne 
of our Soveraigne Lord Charles the second by the Grace of God, of 
England, Scottland, France and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith 
&c: Annoq*: DfiT 1678. 

[127] Cittie of ) ^^^ ^^,, ^j ^^^^^^,, 

New York J ^ 

John Crook & ) Sworne Viewers of Pipe 
John Codearowesf Staues, untill further Order 



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72 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

13: Dec: 1678. 
John Crook and John Codearowes, the day & yeare aboue written 
Avere sworne Viewers & Searchers of Pipe staues according to >^ 
l^w of this Goverm^: and haue taken theire oaths as by the said 
Law is directed 

Exiled ^ me Sam: Lecte O 

Citty of ^ To the Provost of the sd Citty, These Forasmuch 

New Jersey v as I am informed that severall ^sons doe refuse or 

[York] J neglect to Watch or to pay for y« same and that sev- 
erall others doe not conforme themsellues according 
to the Orders sett up in the Watch=house in y^ Citty hall, These are 
therefore to charge & comand you that you forthwith levy of all and 
every person & persons so neglecting & offending all and every such 
Fine & Fines, summe and summers of Money as in & by the said orders 
is mentioned & expressed (yet unpaid) And the Arrearages thereof of 
<ill & every the persons so refuseing, or offending by Distresse & sale 
of the Offend*"? goods. You rendring to the c(f)ties the overplus that 
shall remaine upon the Sale of the said Goods And that you make 
a Returne to mee of all & every such Fine & Fines so collected 
& levyed as aforesaid. And this shall be yo^ sufficient Warrt Given 
lmd^• my hand this 18^^: day of Decemb*": 1678. 

[128] Citty of ) ^g The Co^ of Record of the Citty afore- 

Newe Yorke j said holden att the Citty Hall within the 

said Citty the xiiij*^* Dav of January 1678 

[-9] 

Before Thomas Delia vail Mayo*" and a full Co*"^ 

Arnold Legrange m^'chant made A free Burger of the Citty afore- 
said, Hee conforminge himselfe in all things, accordinge to the Lawes 
Rules and orders made and established within the said Citty and obey 
and ^ forme the same. 

Six Beavers, paid to M^ Mayo^ 

This is to Certify all whom it may concerne that y*^ Elders and Dea- 
cons within this Goverment formerly haue beene excused from the 
Citty Watch as wittnesse our hands: Actum in New: York 1678-9 
February the IO*^ 



Peter Jacobs Marius 
Jacob D Kay 
Garret van Tricht 



{129] (Blank page.) 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 73 

1 130] Citty of ) Carmen nominated & allowd 
New York | At the Citty hall 

The Goverao^: & Court of Mayor 
& Aldermen Present May 5^^ 1679 
John Wattkins. John Langstraet, 

Gisbert Ellberts. Ambrose Warehen 

Jurian Nagle Clais Johnson 

Simonus Luycas. Daniel Waldron 

John. Carsboom Tho: Griffin 

John Pieterson John Minderts. 

William Cook. 

xxiij4» May, 1679 

Beniamyn Collier swome Deputy Marshall before John Inians 
Deputy Mayo^: 

Court ORDER That Benjamin Collier Shall have a Sallary As ni'' 
Tudor had proportionable for the time he hath Served and Attended 
the Court. 
[131] By the Mayo*" of the Cytie of Newyork &c. 

John Coursen was sworne to be one of the Carmen of the si 
Cytie the 9*^ Day of OctolT: 1679: 

Att a meeting of the Councell and Mayo^ and Aldermen of thi^ 
Cytie of Newyorke OctotT: 8^ 1679: 

The Inconvenience and Hazard of Boyling and burning of pitch 
and making fires Vpon the wharfe neere the Vessells that Lye in 
the Docke being recommended by the Gou^'no'" to be taken into Con- 
sideracon soe that some order may be made for the p^'vention there- 
of and the ill Consequences that might ensue thereby. Resolued that 
there be one place only appointed for makeing fyres on or neere the 
Wharfe to boyle or bume pitch potts for the Vse of the Vessells in 
the Harbour the w^^ to be against the stone Wall of the halfe Moone 
neere the Cytie Wall w*=^ fyre to be Extinguished eu^'y night And 
to p'vent the like Dainger w^^ through Negligence might ariue 
a board Vessells. 

Ordered that no fire be made in any Vessell lying w*^in the 
Harbour for boyling Victualls or other Vse but those y* haue occation 
may make Vse of the fires in the same place where the pitch potts 
are appointed to be heated boyled or burnt Vnless in Extremity of 
Winter and w*** leaue This Order to be obserued by eu^'y Master of 
Vessell Marriner Carpenter or other vnder the penalty of Twenty 



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74 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

shilTs: for the first flfifty the next and ffiue pounds the Third OflFence 
of the w*^'* the hauen Master is to giue notice to all Straingers who 
may be concerned soe that noe one may p'^tend Ignorance thereof 
Proclaymed the ii^^ day By order 

of Octo15: 1679: Mathias Nichols Sefet: 

[132] (Blank page.) 

[133] Sir Edmund Andross Knight 

Seigneur of Sansmarez Lew*^: and Govern^ Gcn^* under his 
Royall Highness James Duke of York & Albany &c. of all his Terri- 
tories in America, by vertue of his Maties Letters Patents, and the 
Authoritie Derived unto me, under his Royall Highness, I doe 
heirby Appoint and Authorize Yow M^ Francis Rombout to be 
Mayor, M*" William Beakman, IM*" Johannes Van Brugh, M*" Thomas 
Lewis, ^I*" Peter Jacobs, M^ Online Verplanck and M"^ Samuel 
Wilson to be Aldermen, and M** John Archer to be Sheriff of this 
City: Giving and Granting Yow the s** Mayor and Aldermen any 
fowre of yow, whereoff the Mayor Eldest Aldennan or Deputy 
Mayor to be one (Unless in case of Necessitic by their Absence 
Sickness or otherwise, when the Next Alderman is to preside) and 
upon Equalitie to have the Casting and Decisive Voice, with full 
power and LaHlt Authoritie, to Keep Court and Administer Justice, 
as a Court of Mayor and Aldermen, or Sessions, and Rule and Gov- 
ern all the Inhabitants within this City, Corporation and Liberties 
thereoff. According to the Laws of this Governm* priviledges and 
practices of the Place ; and also to Appoint Such under officers, as 
yow shall Judge necessary for the Orderly Execution of Justice; 
Heirby requiring all persons whom it may Concern to give that due 
Obedience unto Yow, as Magistrates Constituted by his Maties 
Authoritie as Above, As they and Every of them will answer the 
Contrary at the Utmost Perills; And for soe Doing this Shall 
be to Yow and Every of yow a Sufficient Warrant and Discharge: 
This Commission to be in Force Untill the fourth day of October 
Next, which will be in the Year one Thousand six Hundred and 
Eightie, being the usuall time and Day of Election and change of 
Magistrates, or till Further Order, Given under my hand and Seall 
of the Province in New-York, this One and Twentieth day of No- 
vember in the 31*^ year off his Maties Raigne Annoq Domini 1679 

T- . J . , E Andros s 

Exammed by me ' 

Matthias Nicolls Se^: 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



75 



M*" Thomas Lewis hath taken the Oath of Alderman, according 
to the Commission his hon*^ the Govern'' granted as it is upon Record 

[134] Whereas yow M* Abraham Corbett are chosen and ap- 
pointed by his Hono*" the Govemour to be Clerk of this Court and 
City, Yow doe Sweare by the Everliving God that you will truely and 
Diligently Discharge the s^ Imploym^ of Clerk according to Your 
duty, and the Trust reposed in yow : So help yow God 
This oath was Administred Decemb*" 2^ : 1679 

X • .york the 2^ day of December 1679 



Siiiion Johnson Romame ^ ^ ^ , , , 

,v ^ TN Sworn Constables 

i*eter Deremer > r xt 1 

^ , r . r of Newyork 

Costen Leireson J 

Jan: I4^»»: 1679 [-80] 

John Vincent and Andries Bresteede are appointed to be Pack- 
ers for this Cytie till further order 

Also M*^ Machines and John Peterson are appointed to be Cullers 
of Pipe staues 

William Waldron and John Peterson were Swome Cullers of 
pipe Staues y® 16*** Day of ffebuary 1679 [-80] before m^ Rumboulte 
Mayor. 

Likewise John vincent and Andries. Bresteede were Sworne to 
be viewers and Packers of Caske before m*" Rumboult Mayor y® 16*** 
flfebr 1679 [-80] 

[135] Cytie of ) The Court of Record of y« Cytie 

NewYorkeV aforeS** holden att y* Cytie Hall w*Mn y*^ 

Said Cytie y« 24*^ Day of ffeb*" i679[-8o] 

Before. 

m*" Frauncis Rombolt Mayor 

m'^ William. Beakman ^ 

m*" Joh^ Vanbrugh 

m' Peter Jacobs W Aldermen 

m*^ Gulyne Verplanck 

m^ sam^! willsonn 

M*" Stoutenbough, Treasuerer Came into Court and brought in 

his accompts for the tyme of his Office and Doth Engage himselfc 

to make good y® accomp^ Debto^ and Creditor as y* Same is De- 

Kuered in for w*^'' wee Doe acknowledge y* Receipt and doe fully 



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.Aldermen 



76 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

ffreely and Absolutely Release and Discharge him of and from y* 
same he performing y*^ beforemenconed Engagement. 

M*" William. Bagardus. is Elected and Appointed Treasurer for 
this Cytie till further order. 

[136] Cytie of ^ The Court of Record of y« Cytie afore 

NeweYorkej Said Holden at y^ Cytie Hall within y« 

Said Cytie y« 9^^ Day of March. 1679-80 

Before m^ fFrancis Roml>olt Mayor. 

m*" William Beakman 

m*" Johes. Vanbrugh 

m*" Thomas Lewis 

m^ Peter Jacobs 

m*" Gulyne Verplancke 

m*" SamU Willson 
Whereas His Excellency. S*" Edm. Andros Knight and Gouemo*" 
Generall of all his Royall Highnes Territoryes in America did by and 
w*** The Advice of his Councell and Court of Mayo*" and Aldermen 
upon y« 29*** Day of January 1676 order Amongst other things, y* a 
Markett Should bee kept weekly Euery Saturday for y« Space of 
Three Yeares which is Expired and upon y^ 9^^ Day of this Instant 
March 1679 [-80] i* 's Likewise ordered by y^ Court of Mayor and Al- 
dermen of this Cyttie y* y^ Said Markett on Saturdayes Euery weeke 
weekely Shall be Continued kept and obserued as afforesaid ac- 
cording to y* ReguIac^TTs in y^ S** ord'' made And itt is Likewise 
further ordered by y^ S^ Mayor and Aldermen upon y*^ 9^^ Day of 
march Instant as aforesaid for y^ Better Supply of y^ Cytie afore- 
said wl^^ ^vissions and other Necessaryes y* from this Day for%vard 
Another markett Extraordinary Shall be kept Euery week weekly on 
Wensdayes. At y*^ vsuall markett place neere y^ Bridge and Weigh 
House and y* all ^sons are to take Notice hereof and Conforme them- 
selves thereunto accordingly vntill further Order Giuen und*" my hand 
this 10*!? Day of March. i679[-8o] 

Francis. Rumbolt Mayo*". 

1^37] Cytie of 1 Att a Court of Mayo*^ and Aldermen 

Newe York j held the 9*** Day of this Instant March it is 

Alsoe ordered yt if any Boateman or other 
^son or ^sons under any p^'tence w^soeuer y* Shall Cutt and bring 
any wood to sell w^^in this Cytie after y« first Day of may Next Coming. 
(Except Cord wood) Shall fforfeite all Such wood as Shall be Soe 



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OF THE CITV OF NEW YORK 77 

Brought and Sould as aforcSlI. And y^ None but Cordwood Shall be 
brought and Sould as aforesaid and >' w* wood Shall bee Soe Brought 
and put to Sale as aforeS^ Shall be Corded by y« Swome Corder w*^** 
Shall be appointed for that purpose And that all ^sons are to take 
Notice hereof and Conforme them selves thereunto accordingly 
vntill further ord*". Giuen und*" my hand this 10*^ day of march 
'^9-80 Francis. Rumbolt. 

Mayor 
The Seale ^"^^ Edmund: Andros Kn-: 

of y* Leif! and Gouerner Generall and vice 

Province Adniirall under his Roy.'* Highness 

James Duke of Yorkc And Albany &c of 
New yorke and Dependency es &c in America Wiierkas. upon In- 
forma^n of y* Actings of Cap! Phillip Cartereett Assumeing & 
Authorizeing others to Exercise Jurisdiccon w*''out any Le^^iU 
Authority to y* Great Disturbance &c of his Ma*'" Subjects, w^^in 
y« bounds of his ma*'^* Letters Patients to his Roy'J Highnesse I 
haue Sent to forwarne y* S*^ Cap^ Phillip Carterett from Such his 
Illegall Actings &c I Doe hereby by Advice of my Councell by 
vertue of his Ma*'" Letters [13^] Patients and Authority De- 
riued unto me vnder His Royall Hij^hnesse in his Ma*'" Name 
further Require and Command y* Sd Cap^ Phillip Cartereett and 
all other p''tended Magistrates, and Officers Civill or MilHtary. 
Authorized by him to forbeare and not p*"sume further to Assume 
or Exercise Distinct or any Jurisdiccons ouer his. Ma*^" Subjects. 
or any ^son w'^'in any, y« bounds, of y* his ma*'" Pattent to his 
Roy^J Highnesse And allsoe y' Noe %>son or %?sons Doe any waye Ai)ett 
Assist or Obserue y* Same or any Such Illegall Authorityes but 
they, and all ^sons forthwith to Submitt as they Aught to y* 
kings Lawful! Authority Signifyed by his ma*'^' Letters Pattents to 
his Royall Highnesse here Established As they and Euery of y^ will 
Answer y« Contrary At their vtmost perrills upon w*=** I Doe Remitt 
All past Actings On Said Accompt & for the preservation of y« 
Peace and Qviett of his ma*'" Subjects In those partes I doe Con- 
firme all y® p^'sent Constables In their Seuerall and Respectiuc 
Townes and p^'cincts and shall be Ready to take further order for 
y« good and wellfare &c of his ma^" Subjects. Pursuant to his 
ma^^ Said Letters Pattents. and his Roy** Highness Commission 
and Authority to me Respecting y* Jurisdiccons &c w***out Intrench- 
ing upon any mans Just Right Property ffreehold or Possession 



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78 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Given under my hand & y*^ Scale of y* Province in New Yorke this 
13*** Day of march, in y*^ 32^ Yeare of his ma**^ Reigne Annoq® Dom: 
»679[-8o] E Ant>ros s 

To y^ Mayo^ and Aldermen of 
y* Cyttie of New Yorke forth- 
with to be Published. 
Examined by me 

Matthias Nicolls Sec'" 

March y« 15^'' 1679-80 

[139] Ordered by y* Mayo^ and Aldermen y* Henry Garnsey Shall 
^ forme y* Office of a Carman w^^'in this Cytie vntill further 
order and y* y* Sd Garnesey and ffrancis Hendricks Stand Joyntly 
bound in y« Sume of Tenn Pounds that he ^forme the Said Office 
ffaithfully according to y* Lawes and Customes here Established 
as wittnes our hands y* Day and yeare first aboue writen. 

The mark of 
Henry T Garnsey 

The mark of 
ffrancis T Hendricks 

Cytie of )j.^. Whereas you William Waldron and 

NewYorke \ John Peterson, upon y* 14*^ Day of Jan- 

uary Last past were by y* Mayo*" and 
Aldermen of y* Cytie aforesaid Chosen and Appointed to be Cullers 
of pipe staues vntil further Order these are therefore in his Ma*"** 
Name to Charge & Command you y^ from this tyme forward untill. 
(New. Cullers, be Chosen you and Each of you Cull all Such pipe, 
and other Staues as you shall be Called to or haue Notice of and see 
y* they be of good Tymber fitt and Sizeable both for Lenght 
breadth and Thicknes according to y*^ Lawes and Customes here Estab- 
lished for Merchantable Staues and in soe Doeing this Shall bee yo"^ 
Sufficient warrt Giuen unter my hand y« 18**^ of ffebu^ Annoq* Dom: 

^^*-' ^ Francois Rombouts Mayo' 

[140] Cytie of ) Whereas you John Vincent anHAndries 

New. York j Bresteed upon y* 14*** Day of January 

Last past were by y* mayo*" and Aldermen 

of y« Said Cytie Chosen and Appointed Viewers of Caske and Packers 

of Beeife Porke mackerell and other goods Committed to yo*" Charge 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



79 



untill further Order These are Therefore in his ina'^^^ Name to Charge 
and Command you y^ you and Each of you Doe w*^ all yo*" Care and 
Dilligence view and Search all Caske for Porke Beife and other Liquid 
Commodities y* shall Come to your hands and see y^ they bee made 
of good Dry and well Seasoned Tymber and Likewise y^ there be a 
burnt marke sett upon Euery ^ticuler Coop^^ Caske that they shall 
make from time to time and alsoe y* w* Porke and Beeife you shall 
hereafter pack shall bee good Sweete and howlsome Porke and, Beefe 
and all Boares fflesh to be Cast out as Refuse, and not packed amongst 
good porke, and y* in Euery Respect you and Each of you ^ forme 
your Office ffaithfully w^^out ^tiallity, according to y*^ Lawes and 
orders, here Established and this shall bee yo^ sufficient warrant Giuen 
under my hand this i8*** Day of ffebuary Annoq^ Dom: 1679-80 

Francois Rombouts Mayo^ 

Cytie of ) The Court of Record of y« Cytie afore- 

New Yorke^ said holden at y« Cytie hall w*^in y^ Said 

Cytie y^ 6^^ Day of Aprill 1680 before m*" 
Francios Rombout mayo*" &c. 

It is ORDERED that y« wife of Josias Hallett Shall be Sent out of 
this Cytie and out of y*^ bounds and p*"cincts of this Court before y* 
Tenth Day of this Instant Aprill by m*" John Archer Sher of this Cytie 
upon Such penalty as y« Court Shall Inflict upon him if he Shall Ne- 
glect Soe to Doe. 

[141] At a Councell. Held in New Yorke Present the Gk)uerno'' and 
Councell. 

Seuerall abuses and Inconveniences being Represented Concerning 
Servants Brought into this Gouernment 

Resolued : and ordered that all Servants that Shall Be Brought into 
this Gouemm* for the futer Shall be Recorded at y« Secutaryes Office 
at Importa^n by y^ Masters of vessells or Others that bring them And 
then haue Liberty to Assigne them for tlie time Specifyed in their 
Indentures Or if Servants without Indentures Not Exceeding ffoure 
Yeares and Noe Such Seruant be Reassigned or Transfer'd over to 
Serue his time w*^ Another without y® Approbation of the Next Court 
of Sessions or lurisdic^n or at Create Distance of y® time of Court by 
Approbation of Two Justices of y* Peace One being p'sident or first 
Justice In Said Rideing or Corporacon to be Recorded in y*^ Respectiue 
places and allsoe Transmitted to y* Office of Records here this to bee 



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So MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

forth with Published and all ^sons to Conforme themselves there- 
unto Accordingly New Yorke y« 20**^ of Aprill. 1680. 

By order in Councell 

Matthias Xicolls Seer 

[142] At a Councell Held in New Yorke 
Present the Gouernour and Councell 

The 111 Consequence of any Indyans to bee Slaues or Servants 
w^'^in this Gouernment Contrary to former Custome and Practice 
being Represented and taken into Consideracon Resolved That all 
Indyans here haue alwayes beene & are free and not Slaues, nor forct 
to bee Servants. Except Such as haue beene formerly brought from y^ 
bay &. other forraigne parts, but if any Shall bee brought hereafter 
into y^ Gouernment w^^in y*^ Space of Six monthcs. they are to be 
Disposed of as Soone as may bee out of y^ Gouernm*, but after y*^ 
Expiracon of Sd Six monthes all tliat shall bee brought liere from those 
parts and Landed to bee as others ffree Indyans, This to be forthwith 
Published, and all persons to Conforme themselves thereunto Ac- 
cordingly New Yorke y^ 20^'' of Aprill: 1680. 

By order in Councell 

Matthias Nicholls Sec^ 

[143] Att a Councell held in Xcw Yorke y^ 7^'': 17^^' and 20*1' of 
January 1679-80 Present y^ Gouerno^ and full Councell 

Whereas Severall Complaints and Abuses haue Beene Represented 
and made [to] Appeare Concerning the Bolting and Packing of flower 
for Exportacon To y*^ Create Detriment and Hazard of Soe Consider- 
able a parte of our Trade and abuse to those parts Supplyed therewith 

Ordred That for y^ future noe bolting Mills be allowed to bolt or 
fflowre [be] Packed for Exportacon but att Xcw Yorke of which Notice 
to bee giuen to y*^ Magistrates of their haneing or Setting up Such 
Bolting Mills, in order to their Due Inspection att all times as allsoe 
y« well Screening and Cleansing Said Corne and for all Caske and 
Packing according to Law of which all persons to take Notice and 
Conforme themselves, accordingly at their Perills. 

By Order In Councell 

Mathias. Nicholls Seer** 

[144] Lycence Graunted to Abraham Corbett y« 2i»* of Aprill. 1680 
for Selling of wine and other Liquors. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 8i 

Lycence Graunted to William Merritt y« 21^^ of Aprill 1680 for 
Selling of wine and other Liquo**® 

Lycence Graunted to AUexand*^ watts y« 21** of Aprill 1680 for sell- 
ing of wine and other Liquo" 

Lycen[c]e Graunted to Otto Garrettson y^ 21^* of April. 1680 for 
selling of wine and other Liquo*^ 

Lycence Graunted to James Mathew, y*^ 21^* of Aprill 1680 for sell- 
ing of wine and other Liquo" 

Lycence Graunted to Jervis marshall y* 21^^ of Aprill. 1680 for 
selling of wine and other Liquo". 

Lycence Graunted to m" Dorithy Jones y« 21** of Aprill. 1680 for 
selling of wine and other Liquo". 

Lycence Graunted to, John Henry y« 23^ of Aprill. 1680 for selling 
of wine and other Liq[u]o^* 

Adrian Comelison. Lycenced to sell wine & other Liq[u]o'^ y® 23^ 
Aprill. 1680 

[145] Lycence Graunted to Jacob Lenderson y* 24**^ of Aprill. 1680 
for selling of wine and other Liquors 

Lycence Graunted to Aeltia Cornelis y* 26*'* Aprill. 1680 for sell- 
ing of wine and other Liq[u]o'"s 

Lycence Graunted to William Pallnier y* 3^ of , May. 1680. for selling 
of wine and other Liquo*"? 

Licence Granted to Glaus ffrancen May 6^^^ 1680 &c: as others 

Cornelius Pluckhoy is Licensed May 8^^ 1680. as others 

Garrett Hendricksen is Licensed May 13*** 1680 as others 

Isaac Grauenrod is Licensed May 13^ 1680 as others 

Edward Meeke is Licensed May 14 1680 as others. 

1680 May 21^ Received for Sixteen Licences y^ SuiTTe of two 
pound eight Shillings for y*^ use of y^ Citty by me 

E Bogardus thesaurus 

Walter Dopp is Ly censed May : 22*^ 1680 as others 
John Tuder is Licensed May 26^ as others 
Katherin Purchase Licensed the 1° July as others 
John Pry is Licensed the 14 of June 1680 as aboue 
W? Leycon is Licensed y* i'* of SepteTR 1680 as aboue 
Isaac Melyn is Licensed the 21*** Sept: 1680 as the rest 
Cor: Wlnehart Licensed 1° Octofi: 80 

[146] Barbados This Indenture made the Eleauenth Day of 
March in the Two and Thirtieth yeare of the 
Raigne of our most gracious Sou'aigne Lord King Charles the second 
Vol. I.— 6 



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82 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

&c. and in the yeare of our Lord God One Thousand Sixe hundred 
seauenty Nine Betweene George Hannay Esq*^ of the Island abouesd 
on the one ^te and John Denny of the same Island on the other 
^te WiTTNESSETH that the s^ John Denny Doth Couen* and agree to 
and w*^ the s^ George Hannay Esq"^ to serue him or his Assignes for 
and during the full terme and space of ffowre yeares in and Vpon the 
Province of Newyorke in such seruice and imploy as he the Sd George 
Hannay Esq** or his assignes shall there imploy him to Commence from 
the tyme of his first ariuall to the said Province of Newyorke and that 
he shall not disert or leaue the seruice of the sd George Hannay Esq*^ 
or his assignes during the said terme w^^out his or his Agents Licence 
and consent And further it Couented and agreed betweene the ^ties 
aboue nienco[n]ed y' the sd George Hannay Esq*^ shall pay for the 
passage of his said servant, and shall find him sufficient meate drinke 
Lodging app[ar]ell and other necessaries fitt for such a servant During 
the sd terme ; and at the Expiracon of the sd terme the said George 
Hannay Esq*" doth ^mise and agree to and w*** the 5d John Denny 
to sett him free from his said servitude; And it is ffurther Concluded 
and agreed betweene the ^ties aboue menco[n]ed for ^formance 
hereof that they binde themselues each to other in the full siInTe 
of fforty, pounds sterling: In Wittncs whereof the ^ties aboue 
menc5[n]ed haue herevnto Enterchaingably sett their hands and seales 
the Day and yeare aboue written 
Sealed and Delinked, 

in the p'^sence of John Drewe w*^ a scale O 

John Hancock 
James Dixon 

Barbados This Indenture made the Eleauenth Day of March in the 
two and Thirtieth yeare of the Raigne of our most Gra- 
cious Sou^'aigne Lord King Charles the second &c : and in the yeare of 
our Lord God One Thousand Sixe hundred seauenty and Nine Be- 
tweene George Hannay Esq*^ of the Island abouesd on the one ^te 
and John Wells of the same Island on the other ^te Wittnesseth. 
That the said John Wells Doth Couen* and agree to and w*** the said 
George Hannay Esq*" to serue him or his assignes for and During the 
full terme and space of ffowre yeares in and Vpon the Province of 
Newyorke in such seruice and imploy as he the said George Hannay 
Esq^ or his assignes shall there [147] imploy him to commence from the 
tyme of his first ariual to the said Province of Newyorke and that he 
shall not Disert or Leaue the seruice of the 5d George Hannay Esq' 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 83 

or his assignes During the sd Ternie w^^out his or his Agents Licence 
and consent and further, it • is Couen*^^ and agreed betweene the 
^ties aboue men^[n]ed that the sd George Hannay Esq*" shall pay 
for the passage of his said servant and shall find him suffitient meate 
Drinke Lodging app[ar]ell and other necessaries fitt for such a servant 
During the said terme ; And at the ExpiraccJn of the said terme the §d 
George Hannay Esq*" Doth ^mise and agree to and w*** the sd John 
Wells, to sett him ffree from his service And it is further Concluded 
and agreed betweene the ^ties abou[e]menn5[n]ed for ^formance 
hereof, that they bind themselues ea[ch] to other in the full sTinTe of 
fforty pownds sterling In Wittnes whereof the cities aboue menco[n]ed 
haue herevnto Enterchangably sett their hands and scales the Day and 
yeare aboue written. 
Sealed and Deliu^'ed 

in the p^sence of John X his HTk & scale 

John Hancocke 
James Dixon 

Barbados This Indenture made the Eleauenth Da) of March in the 
two and Thirtieth yeare of the Raigne of our most gra- 
cious Sou'^aigne I^ord King Charles the second &c : and in the yeare of 
our Lord God One Thousand Sixe hundred Seauenty and Nine 
Betweene George Hannay Esq*" of the Island aboueSd on the one 
^te and John Linch of the same Island on thother ^te Wittness- 
ETH that the 5d John Linch Doth Cou€ft^ and agree, to and w^** the 
sd George Hannay Esq"^ to serue him or his assignes for and during 
the full terme and space of ffowre yeares in and V'pon the Prouince of 
Newyorke in such service and imploy as he the said George Hannay 
Esq*" or his assignes shall there imploy him to commence from this tyme 
of his first Ariuall to the §d ^vince of Newyorke and that he shall 
not Disert or Leaue said seniice and imploy of him the 5d George 
Hannay Esq*^ or his assignes during the sd terme w^^out his or his 
Agents Ly cense and consent And further it is Confuted and agreed 
betweene the ^ties aboue menro[n]ed that the sd George Han[nayl 
Esq*" shall pay for the passage of his 5d servant and shall find him 
suffitient meate Drinke Lodging Appfarjell and other necessaries fitt 
for such a servant during the said terme, and at the Expiracon of the 
said terme the sd George Hannay Esq*" doth ^mise and agree to 
and w*^ the said John Lynch to sett him free from his servitude And 
for ^formence hereof the ^ties aboue menro[n]ed doe hereby bind 
themselues each to other In Witness whereof thev haue herevnto 



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84 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Interchaingably sett their hands and scales the Day and yeare aboue 
written 

Sealed and Deliu^^ed 
in Presence of 
John Hancocke 
James Dixon 



John Lench w^'" a seale O 



[148] Cytie of ^ ^ Whereas of the late Great Inconveni- 

Newyorke j " ences hath been found out by the shipping 
of horses and Ruder Cattle from the Bridge 
of the said Cytie on board to be transported beyond the Seas and to 
other ^tes of the World by reason there was noe man ordered or ap- 
pointed to take notice of such horses or Rudder Cattle or to take sureties 
for such Cattle soe transported as aforesaid The Court of Mayo^ and 
Aldermen haueing taken the same into Considera^n and for y® pWen- 
tion whereof for future Doe ord* appoint and authorize M*" Henry 
fiilkin to take speciall Care that noe horses or other Cattle shalbe shipped 
of out of the Cytie as aforesd but such as shall bring sureties for the 
said Cattle and pay one shilt : a head for eu^y horse or other beast that 
shall hereafter be soe shipped of out of the said Cytie and that he the 
said Henry fiilkin shall keepe a book of Accompts of all such horses or 
other Cattle that shall hereaft*" from tyme to tyme be soe shipped w'** 
the names of the sureties; places of their aboade and markes of aH 
such horses and Rudder Cattle as shalbe shipped of as aforesd and 
that eu*'y man intending to shipp any such horses and Cattle doe for 
tyme to come con forme themselves herevnto accordingly as they will 
answare the Contrary at their ^ills ; Giuen Vnder my hand this 14*^ 

Day of Tune Annoq* D0ITT: 1680 ^ - -n ^ %^ mr ^ 

•" -^ ^ ttranas Romboult Mayo'^ 



Cytie of ) The Court of Record of the Cytie 

Newyorke j aforeSd holden at the Cytie hall w*Wn the 

§d Cytie the 6*** day of July 1680: before 

ffrancis Romboult Mayo*" 
Witt: Beakman 
JolTes Vanbrugh 
Peter Jacobs ^Aldermen 

Gulyne Verplanke 
SalH: Wilson 

M*^ Witt : Pinhorne Merch* made a free Burger of the Cytie aforeSd 
he conformeitig himself e in all things according to the Lawes Rules 



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Aldermen 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 85 

and ord*^^ made and Established \v**^in the sd Cytie and obey and 
^ forme the same 

Sixe Beaut's pd to — (Entry incomplete.] 

[149] Cytie of ^ The Court of Record of y*^ Cytie afore- 

New Yorke ^ said holden at y* Cytie hall w***in ye S^ 

Cytie y* 31*** Day of Aug»^ 1680. before 
ffrauncis Romboult mayor 
n^r \Ym Beakman. 
m*" Johes Vanbrugh. 
m*^ Tho Lewes. 
m*" Peter Jacobbs 
m*^ Gulyne Varplanck 
m*" Sam*! Willson 
Then Appointed these ^sons underneath Exprest to bee Carmen 
Cooneradus. Vanderbeake Garrett Cozyn 

Tunis Hercks ICj^bert ffopen 

Jn<* White is Appointed one of y^ Porters for this Cyttie vntill 
further order 

Cooneradus Vanderbeake is admitted a Carman of this Cytie, and 
Hendrick Johnson is and stands security for him in Tenn pounds ior 
the faithfull ^formance of his office 

M*" Levinus Vanschait who was borne in Albany w^'^in this 
GouTT^mt is made a free burger of this Cytie of Xewyorke he con- 
forminge himselfe in all things according to the Lawes, Rules and 
ord'^s made and Established w^^in the said Cytie and obey and ^ forme 
the same OctotJ. 16^^ 1680. [This entry is crossed out in the 
original.] 

Cytie of ) Egburt vanderson is admitted a Carman 

New Yorke f of this Cytie and Timothy Vanbursom is 

and Stands Security for him in Tenn 
Pounds for y^ faithfull ^fonnance of his Office. 
[150] (Blank page.) 

[J51I A Proclamacox 

Prohibiteing y*^ Intertainem^ of Negers &c 
published in this Citty and Precincts. 

By the ]Mayo^ and AlderH 

TTTHEREAS Severall Inhabitants within this Citty haue and Doe 

dayly Harbour Intertaine and Countenance Indian and Negcr 

Slaues in their Houses and to them sell and Deliver Wine Rumm and 

other Strong Liquors for which they recciue money or Goods which 



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86 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

by the said Indian and Neger Slaues is Pilfred purloyned and Stoln 
From their Severall Masters by which meanes & Practices many 
Disord^'s Are acted and Committed within this Citty to the Breach of 
the publique Peace and welfare of the same and to the Create Damage 
of the owners and Masters of such Indian and Neger Slaues. For 
the Preven^n of the Like Disord^s for the Future These are to De- 
clare and Publish to all the Good Inhabitants & others Within this 
Citty That none Doe for the future Presume to Harbour Intertaine or 
Countenance any Indian or Neger Slaue What soever in their Houses 
or Otherwise or to sell or Deliver to them any Wine Rumm or other 
strong Liquor, or receiue or take from Such indian or Neger slaues 
any mony or other Goods on any account Whatsoever. But upon any 
offer Desire or attempt made by any such Indian or Neger slaue soe 
to Doe, They are forthwith to Reveale the same to the Master or 
owner of Such Indian or Neger Slaue or to the Mayor or Eldest Al- 
derman of this Citty for the time being und*" the [152] Paine and 
penalty of Forfeiture of the SuItTHTe of Fine pounds for Every such 
offence, one third Parte to the Sheriffe and the other two thirds for 
the use of the Citty. Dated at the Citty Hall within the said Citty the 
22^^ Day of March. i68o[-il in the 33*^ Yeare of his Maj^^^^ Reignc 

Citty of ^ Whereas There hath been a Proporconable Rate 

New Yorkeji made by the Mayo^ and Aldermen of this Citty upon 
all the houses and Vacant Land within said Citty 
and P*"cints, In Lew of the small Excise formerly Raised for the De- 
fraying and Discharging the Cittys publique Debts and Necessary Ex- 
pences, To be payd as ^ order of the Severall Mayo**? may Appeare : 
Regard thereunto being had and to the Records of the Citty Authoriz- 
ing the same Notwithstanding the same which there hath been A 
Create Neglect in the officers for that the said severall suTnes and 
Arreares in the two Last Mayo""? times are not received and payed in 
by w*^^^ meanes the Citty is much in debt and the Fortificac^n Wharfe 
and Bridge thereof out of Repaire. These are therefore in his 
Maj*'^ name. To Charge and Command You that you Levy of the 
Severall Persons whoes names are hereunto Ennaxed the Severall 
Sumes by Equally and proporcon to asserts upon them and for none 
paymt thereof such p'^son or p'*sons so Refuseing or neglecting to pay 
the same that you make distress and sale of their goods rend'^ing y^ 
overplus. & for so doing y^ shall be yo^ warr", Gujen und*" my [hand]' 
lliis 28*^ of Feb'-y 1680- 1 
To the Sherr[i]ffe Treasurer & Constables 
of y^ said Citty and every of them. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 87 

[153] An Order For none to Sell Liquo" by Retaile But those 

that agree with the Farmers or pay Excise as Formerly 
August the i6*t 1681 

Bv The CoMand'* in Cheife 

Whereas the Create Packt or Excise For Selling wine and all other 
Strong Liquo*"* by Retaile within this Citty and Precincts is Lett to 
Farme For this Ensueing Yeare Vnto M"" Abraham Corbett W"* Mer- 
ritt James Matthews John Tuder And Jarvis Marshall These are to 
give notice that noe p^'son Whatsoever within the Citty and Precincts 
Doe presume* to Sell any Such wines or any other manner of Strong 
Liquo^ by Retaile without First having Agreed with the said Farm''? 
for the Same Vnd'' the penalty of Such Fines and fforfitures By For- 
mer ord^'s and Practice hath Been allowed CiUEN.und^ my hand in 
fforte James the 16 Day of August 

Annoq« Domini 1681 A. B: 

To the Aldermen of the Citty of 

Newyorke To be Forthwith 

published 
[154I (Blank page.) 

[155] Citty of Newyorke Sept: the 13*^ 1681. 

Att a Meeting of the Deputy Mayo*" and Aldermen, 
Present : 

M*^ W'" Beakeman Deputy Mayo^ 

Mr Johannes Van Brughen ^^ 

Mf Peter Jacobs . 

Mr Samuell Willson ^ Ald^men 

Air James Graham 
The said Deputy Mayo'^ and Aldermen Being mett About A 
Difference that was Between M^ Phillip Wells & M^ ffredrick Phillips 
the said M*" ffredrick Phillips Being one of the Councell acquainted 
them that Severall Oaths were taken in this Citty by or Before Cap^ 
John Lewin Gentt: his Roy^! High? Agent and Servant here Concern- 
ing the Governo*" and other Publique Matf* without the Knowledge 
of the said Deputy Mayor or Ald^'men which Being Contrary to the 
Laws and Ord^'s of the Governmt Priviledge and Practice of this 
Citty. It was Resolved That a Declaracon be Drawne up in the names 
of the said Deputy Mayo^ and Ald^'men setting Forth the Illegality 
thereof and the 111 Consequences that Attend Such Actings. 



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S8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Att a meeting of the said Deputy Mayof & Aldermen 
att the Citty Hall the 15*1" Following where Mf Tho: 
Lewis Was Likewise P^sent. 

It was Ord*ed that M*" John Lawrence an Inhabitant in this Citty 
be Sent For and Examined whether he tooke any oath or gave any 
Deposic^Jn Before the said John Lewin who accordingly Appeareing 
Declared that he the said John Lawrence & M'' Norton Claypoole were 
Swome and gave their Deposic^ns [156] Deposicons Before the said 
John Lewin. 

Whereupon they Proceeded and Concluded on their Declararon. 
And all Except M^ Tho: Lewis whose Desent was Ord^ed to be Entred, 
Resolved That this following Declara^n be Entred in the Publique 
Records of this Citty as their act, and to be Signed by the Gierke of 
the Citty in their names and Behalfs. 

That Cap^ Anthony Brockholls Command^ in Cheife & the Councell 
be made acquainted theirwith by the Clerke 

The DeclaraTon &c. 
l^v the Deputy Mayo^ and AkKinen 
of the Citty of Newyorke 

Whereas wee are Credible Informed and given to Vnd^stand that 
Contrary to the Vsage Custome and Practice of the said Citty Severall 
Vndue Irreguler and Illegall Practices and Proceedings have been 
Vsed acted and Done within the said Citty by John Lewin Gentt: his 
Roy^! High? Agent and Servant & liere Perticularly in A private 
Manner Administring and Imposeing or procureing to be Admin- 
istred and Imposed Oaths on his Ma^"*?^ Subjects and takeing Depo- 
sicons Relateing to Severall Mattes of publique Importe and Concerne 
within the said Citty without the Knowledp^c Privity or Consent of 
any of us the Magistrates of the said Citty the which wee Cannot But 
Looke upon as A greatc Encroachm! and Contempt of his Ma*'^^ Au- 
thority Established here by his Royl' High": and IVcach of the Privi- 
Hdges and Liberty es thereof and Exp^esly Contrary to an ordr in Coun- 
cell Dated the 9^^ of Aprill 1679 Wherein It is ord'^ed that None But 
the Mayo*" Deputy Mayo^ or Eldest AkUmen P^sideing in this Citty Doe 
Grant any Warr^^ [i57] Admitt any Private Heareings or takeing of 
oaths but to be only Done as formerly by the Mayo^ or Such p^siding in 
his absence and noe oath to be taken But in Courts unlesse in or upon 
A Heareing for A Detcrmina^OfT in Case of Necesity where the partyes 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 89 

to be p'^sent if att Hand or to be had which is Enjoyned to be Observed 
accordingly and hath been the Rule Method and Practice of this Citty 
none Haueing P^'sumed or taken upon them formerly to Administer 
any Oaths or take DeposiclJns in any wise Contrary thereto And this 
Being a mattr of Dangerous and 111 Consequence tending to the Scan- 
dall Blemish and Disparagem^ of Severall of his Ma^'^^ Subjects by 
Such Qandestine and private Oaths and Deposi^Ufls which the partyes 
Concerned Cann have noe Knowlidge off Either Person or Matter 
whereby to Vindicate themselves or make Such Answer thereunto as^ 
the Same may Require therefore that Such proceedings may not be 
Coulored and Shrouded und'^ o^ Authority. Wee Doe Hereby Declare 
and Certifie that all Deposic?5ns Soe taken by the said John Levvin 
and by his procurem' upon Oath within this Citty and Precincts are 
Without o^ or any of o*" Knowledge Privity or Consent And therefore 
Vndue Vnpracticable Extra judiciall and Illeagall and Contrary to the 
Knowne Law and Ord*"s of the Governmt And that though wee haue 
Been allwayes Ready and Willing to Assist the said John Lewin in 
any matf or thing Relateing to his Roy^! High! Interest or Revenue 
Pursuant to his Commission yett the said John Lewin hath in noe wise 
Dureing his Aboade in these parts made any ApplycaCon or Request 
to us therein or Desired o*" Assistance in Administring Oaths or take- 
ing DeposiCoITs of any matter whatsoever or Hath Entred Published 
or Declared to us any by him taken or Procured to be taken but that 
Since his Arrivall Here Create Disord^? and Confusion hath Hap- 
pened in the Governmt and have Cause to Judge Such Vndue and 
Irreguler Proceedings the occassion thereof In Testimony whereof 
wee have Caused this o^ DecIaraTOn to be Entred in o^ Publique Rec- 
ords and to be Signed by the Clerke. [158] Of the Citty for and in 
o'' Names and Behalves and Dated att the Citty Hall in Newyorke 
this 15*!? Day of Septr in the thirt>' third yeare of his Ma*'?^ Reigne 
Annoq? Domini i68t : 

A proclamaCon Renewing A former 

ProclamScon prohibiting trade with the 

Indians in their Townes and Plantac^Hs in y* Country 

By the Commander in Cheife <& Couxc[i]ll 

Whereas Vpon Complaint of many Disord*'s and Miscbeifs that 
had Happened and were Likely to Happen bv Christians tradeing with 
Indians Contrary to Law in Indian Townes and Plantacons or Abroad 
in the Countrey or Rivers, There Issued out A Proclama^n the 14^^ 



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90 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



of March 1676-7 Requireing all Magistrates Officers or p^'sons What- 
soever to be Verry Vigilent that noe p'son or p^sons Vessells Boate or 
Canoe Doe on any p'^tence by Land or Water trade with any Indians 
on penalty of fforfiture of all Such Vessells Boate or Canoes, and the 
Goods they shall soe Carry to trade with or trade for which were to 
be Secured and Conveyed to the Sherriffe of this Citty or p^sent no- 
tice Giuen that they may bee proceeded Against as aboue, When the 
Discoverer Whether Indian or Other to haue all the said Goods or 
the Value Allowed them for Discovery with Punishmt for Concealeing 
or not Discovering the same as in and by the said proclamacoii may 
more att Large Appeare. which Being Limitted for One yeare from the 
said Date is Expired And Dayly Complaints Being made of Like Dis- 
ord*'s and Mischifes Occasioned by said trade with the Indians as 
Aforesaid These are [159] Therefore to Continue and Renue the said 
Proclamacon and in his Ma^'^^ name to Require all Magistrates and 
Other Officers fully to putt the same in ExecucUH and to Exact and 
take the Penalltyes theirin Directed as Aforesaid from the P^son or 
P^^sons Offending or Acting Contrary thereto till Further Order of 
which all p*"sons are to take Notice and Conforme themselves there- 
unto Accordingly att their Perills Dated in Newyorke this 28 Day 
of Jannuary i68i[-2] in the thirty third yeare of his Maj*^^^ Reigne: 
To the Dep. Mayor and AkKmen 

of the Citty of Newyorke to 

bee forthwith Published 

[160] Citty of ^ Okdeks to be Obserued by the 

New yorkej Millitary Watch Appointed 

for this Citty. 

That Each Company of the Millitia Doe take their Turnes Succes- 
siuely for the Watch and Guard of this Citty And the Companyes Be- 
ing Devided into three Divissions Each Commission Officer to take 
and Command his Divission on the Watch Successively. 

That the Watch be Sett Every Night by the Cap^ or other Com- 
mission Officer att Eight of the Clock Imeadiatly After the Bell 
Ringing. 

That the Citty Gates be Locked up by tlie Capl or other Commis- 
sion Officer before nine of the Clock and opened in the Morning 
P^sently after Day Light att the Dismissing of the watch And if any 
P'^son Goes From or Absents himselfe without Leaue and Consent of 
the Ofiicer he or they shall forfeite for Every Such Default fine Shill- 
ings and HOC Cap! or Uliic-r Commission Ofiicer to Absent himselfe 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 91 

or Leaiie the Watch From the time it is Sett iintill Dismissed under 
Penalty of ffifty Shillings for Each Default. 

Tliat the Cap5 or other Commission Officer doe by Nine of the Clock 
Call Over the Roule or names of those Appointed for the Watch And 
the fia} lors to pay fine Shillings For Each Default And if Any Come 
to the Watch after the Roule Called Over to pay Halfe the ffine Afore- 
said. 

That whosoever shall Come Over Charged with Drinke shall pay 
two Shillings Six pence butt if Quite Drunke Quarrelsome or 
Abusiue to pay fine sliitt^ as if Absent And be Secured on the watch 
all night. 

[161] That noe Centinall Presume to Come of or Leaue or Neg- 
lect his Duty untill he be Releiued by the Capt or Other Commission 
Officer under Penalty of tenn Shillings fine and three Dayes Im- 
prisonm^ And the Ccntinalls are to be Releived Every two Howers. 

That the Cap^ or Other Commission Officer Doe Cause (frequent 
Rounds to be made aboute the Citty through all the Streetes & Lanes 
and the Grand Rounds by him or themselues once each Night or 
Oftner if Occassion And that hee Doe see and take Care that Good 
Orders be kept in all Publique Houses and not Suffer any P*'sons to 
be Drinking or Tippling in such Houses After tenn of the Clock 
and if he shall in his Rounds or in any Other Suspected Houses which 
he hath att Any time after the watch Sett Power to Cause to be 
Opened and Search Finde any Loose Vagrant or Disorderly p^'sons 
that Cannot Give a Good Account of their Lives and Conversa^ns 
and of their Occassions abroad or up in the night to Cause them to 
be Secured on the Guard and Braught before the Mayor or Deputy 
Mayor the next Morning for Further ExaminacoTT. 

That noe Curseing or sweareing be Suffered on the watch or Any 
Gameing whatsoever or Excesse of Drinking on Penalty of fine 
Shillings for Each Default. 

That Each P^'son Appointed to be on the Watch shall bring his 
Armes that is to say his Sword and Gunn Well ffitted and Provided 
with Six Charges of Pow^der and as many of Ball Att Least under Pen- 
alty of fine Shillings for Each default That Each Man Doe Watch 
Himsclfe in P^'son or send three Men in his Stead Except in Case of 
Absence Out of this Citty when one man in his Roome to Suffice. 

That an Account be made up Every third Night of all Defaults 
made by Each Company and Signed and allowed by the Commission 
Officers, which Being Done the [162'] Marshall, takeing with him 
A Constable is to make Demand of all Forfeitures and Fines arriseing 



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92 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

thereby the Next Day and on Refusall of Payment to Levy the Same 
by Distresse. A: Brockholls. 

Att a General] Court of Assizes Holden in the Citty of 
New Yorke the 4*1* 5*t & 6*t Dayes of October in the 
thirty Fourth yeare of the Reigne of our Soverigne Lord 
Charles the Second by the Grace of God of Engl^ Scottl^ 
ffrance and Irel^ King Defend^ of the flfaith &c. Annoq^ 
DonT: 1682. 
Where^as many Create Evills and Inconveniencys haue been Repre- 
sented to this Court to be Occassioned Committed and Done by Negros 
and Indian Slaues their ffrequent meetings and Gathering themselves 
togather in Create numbers on [163] On the Lords Day and att Other 
unseasonable times useing And Exerciseing Severall Rude and 
Vnlawfull sports and Pasetimes to the Dishonour of God Pro- 
fana<EoH of his holy Day Breach and Disturbance of the Peace 
and Quiett of his Ala*^?^ Subjects many whereof are Likewise 
Drawed aside and Mislead to be Spectators of such their Evill 
Practices and thereby Diverted from the more Suitable and Pious 
Duty And Service of the Day fFor Prevcncon whereof ffor the 
ffuture and that Good Order and Civill Discipline may be ffrom 
henceforth kept and Maintained in all Parts of this Governmt It is 
Resolvki) and Ordi:rl:i) by this Court and the Authority thereof that 
From and after the Publicacon of this Order noe Negro or Indian 
Slaues within this Governm^ Doe p^sume to Goe or Absent themselves 
from their Man Houses or Plantacons on the Lords Day or any Other 
\"nseasona])le lirnc or times without the said Ma^ Lycence or Consent 
ffirst had and Obteincd and Signified by A Writing or Tickett under 
their Hands by the Date therof, menconing the time when such Ly- 
cence was Given And if any Negro or Indian Slaues shall p^^^umfe] 
to Absent: themselves or Departe ffrom their said Ma'"? Houses or 
Plantacons without such writeing or Tickett as Aforesaid It shall and 
may be Lawfull flfor the Sherriffe Constable or Other Officers in anv 
Citty Corporacon Towne Liberty or Precinct within this Governni^ who 
are hereby Likewise Authorized And Required to Apprehend Seize 
and Secure any such Negro or Indian Slaues And them to Carry and 
Bring Before the next Magistrate or Justice of the peace who are to 
order all such Negro or Indian Slaues to be Forthwitli Severly whipped 
and sent [164"] To their said Ma^s their said Ma'"s paying such flfees 
and Charges to the Officer For his paines and Trouble therein as 
shall be Judged Reasonable by the said ^Magistrate or Justice of tlie 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



93 



Peace, And if any p^'son or p^'sons Whatsoever shall P'^sume to En- 
tertaine Harbour, or Conceale any Negro or Indian Slaue or buy Sell 
or Trade with them (for any Liquor's or Other Goods whatsoever with- 
out the knowledge Lycence and ApprobaCon of their said Ma" upon 
Proofe made thereof. Before any Magistrate or Justice of the Peace 
they shall Incurr the penalty and fforfeiture of Hue pounds flfor each 
Oflfence to be Disposed off the One halfe for the Publique Vse of 
such Citty CorporSe^n Towne Liberty or Precinct where the Offence 
shall be Committed and the other halfe to Such Officer or Other p'son 
or P'sons as shall Inform or Discover the Same as any Magistrate or 
Justice of the peace as Aforesaid: 

By Order of the Gen" Court 
of Assizes 

[165] Orders to be observed by the Constables Watch 

Appointed for the Citty of New Yorke 

That, the Watch bee Sett Every night by Eight of the Clock 
Imeadiaty after the Ringing of the Bell. That the Citty Gates be 
Lx5cked up by the Constable or Deputy before nine of the Clock and 
op'ned in the morning P^'sently after Day Light att the Dissmissing of 
the watch And if Any Person Goes from or Absent himselfe w***out 
Consent he or they Shall forfeite for Every Such Default five Shillings. 

That the Constable or his Deputy Shall att all times keepe upon the 
Watch for the Due Execu^n of their Trust. 

That the Constable or his Deputy (the Citty Gates being Shutt) be 
upon the Watch by nine of the Clock and by his Roole Call over all 
the names of those who are to give their Attendance there that night 
And the faylors to be marked to pay the fine which is to be as formerly 
two Shillings for Every Default, And if any one Comes to the Watch 
after the Roole is Called over hee shall pay halfe the fine Aforesaid 
one shilling. 

That whosoever Shall Come upon the Watch that is over Charged 
with Drink hee or they shall pay halfe the aforemencorl^d ffine of 
two Shillings, butt if Abusiue. or quite Drunke the whole fine to be 
paid as if Absent and secured upon the watch all night. 
[166] That whosoever Shall Presume to make any Quarrell upon 
the watch upon the Account of being of Different Nations or any 
Other Pretence whatsoever he or they Shall pay A whole fine And be 
Lyable to Such further Sencure as the Meritt of the Cause Shall Re- 
quire. That noe Centinall P'sume to Come of his Duty untill he be 



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94 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Reieiued under A Severe Censure which is to be att Least ten Shil- 
lings for A ffine And three Dayes Iniprisonni^ for the time the Con- 
stable or his Deputy is to take Care that it be Equally Propor^ned 
And not to Exceed one houer att A time. 

That ffrequent Rounds be made About the Citty and Especially to- 
wards the Bridge and not Lesse then three times Every night. 

That noe Cursing or Swearing be Suffred upon the Watch nor any 
Gameing att Dice or Cards nor any Excessive Drinking upon the 
Penalty of two shilT? for Every Such Offence. 

If any Disorders are Committed upon the watch Contrary to the 
tenure of this Order the Constable or his Dep'^: Shall Give an Ac- 
count thereof the ffollowing morning to the Mayor or Deputy Mayor. 

That A List of the ffines be Brought by the Provost or Marshall to 
the Mayor or Deputy Mayor every Weeke Signed by the Constable 
or his Deputy after which their shall be power Granted to Levy the 
ffines by Distresse if not Otherwise Sattisffied. 

The Constable or Deputy Shall have with them the StafTes of their 
office And Every one of the watch Shall have only A Halbert halfe 
pike or Good Quarter stafle on the penalty of two Shillings for Every 
Neglect. 

[167] That the Provost or Marshall Doe Give or Leave notice att 
the Houses or usuall Dwelling Places of the severall Persons whose 
turne it is to watch and they are to make their Appearance Accord- 
ingly in person or send an Able Sufficient Man in their Stead under 
Penalty as for being Absent. 

That in Goeing the Rounds the watch be Still and quiett And not 
Suffer any Laughing or Loud talking in the Streets or notice to be 
made by any of them under penalty of two Shillings fforfeiture. 

A warrant to Seize fflower Imported into this Citt>' 

in the Briggantine Hopewell 

John Scouten Ma': 

By the Deputy Mayor and Aldermen 

Wheri-l\s Complaint and Informacon hath been Given that Con- 
trary to the Orders and Law's of this Governm* severall Quantityes of 
fflower are Dayly Imported into this Citty, for Sale and Transportacon 
perticulerly in the Briggantine Hopewell John Scouton Ma'' These 
are therefore in his Ma^»?^ Name to Require and Command you to 
Seize and Secure all such fflower as shall be Imported and Landed 
out of said Vessell within this Citty or p»"cincts [168] That the 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 95 

Same may be Proceeded Against According to Law for which this 
shall be your Warr** Dated in New Yorke the iS^^ Day of Aprill 1683 • 

To the Sherriffe of the Citty 

of New Yorke or his Dep^y \\[m Beekeman 

John Lawrence 
Saml^ Willson 
Ja: Graham 
Jotes Van Brughen 
Peiter Jacobs Marius 

A warr** to Seize flower belonging to Cott Lewis Morris 
Imported into this Citty 

By the Deputy Mayor and Aldermen 

Whereas Complaint and Informai^^n hath been Given that Con- 
trary to the Orders and Law's of this Governmt Severall Quantityes of 
fflower are Dayly Imported into this Citty for sale and TransportacStT 
Perticulerly for by Colt: Lewis Morris These are therefore is [in] his 
Mb}^^ name to Require and Command you to Seize and Secure all 
Such fflower as shall be [169] Imported and Landed by the Said 
Cott Lewis Morris within this Citty or Precincts that the same may 
be proceeded Ag! According to Law for which this shall be your 
warrant Dated in New Yorke the 20*^ Day of Aprill 1683 

To the Sherriffe of the Citty ^„ ^^^^^^^ 

of New Yorke or his tut 

TV ^ Mavor. 

Deputy. 

A warr" to Seize all fflower 
Imported into this Citty. 

By the Deputy Mayor and Aldermen 

Whereas by Severall Orders made and Published by the Governour 
and Councell for the Regulateing the trade of this Citty and Province 
It is Declared and Ordered that noe Bolting Mills be Allowed to bolt 
or fflower [be] packed for ExportacUn butt att New Yorke under 
penalty of flforfeiture nor noe fflower to be braught to this Citty from 
any place whatsoever Notwithstanding the which Severall Bolting Mills 
are Sett up and Errected and much fflower Bolted and packed in 
Diverse parts of this Province and the Same is braught and Imported 
into this Citty for sale and TransportarofT Contrary to the said Orders 
of which Complaint being made These are therefore in his Ma**** 



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96 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

name to Require and Command [170] You to see the said Orders 
fully Observed and Executed and to Seize all such flower as shall 
be bolted and packed in any Other Place and Braught or Imported 
into this Citty whether on Board any Vessell or Landed Contrary to 
the Said Orders and the same to Secure that it may be in Legall 
manner Proceeded Against Accordingly for which this Shall be your 
Warr*^ Given under our Hands this 23** Day of Aprill 1683. 

W? Beekeman Dep*^ May"" 
To the Sherriffe of the Citty or John Lawrence 
his Deputy or any other Officers Sam'I Willson 
to whom this shall Come. Peiter Jacobs Marius 

James Graham 
Jofies V Brughen. 

[171] August y® 27^^ 1683 being Munday 

Coll Thomas Dongan Goueraour of this Province who Arriued 
here y* 25*? Instant was this day pleased to appoint y^ Magistrates to 
meet him att y« Citty hall about tenn of y* Clock where he read and 
published his Commission to be his Royall Highness Leuitenant & Gou- 
ernour &c & his Commiss? ffor vice admirall & shewed his Instructions 
wherein he was ordered to giue & Confirme to this Citty all their Rights 
& priuiledge & more if necessary & that for y* flfuture all writts & 
warrants should Issue out in his Royall highness Name & declared 
that his Royall Highness had Commissionated M*" John Spragg Secre- 
tary of y^ Prouince for all Which y« Magistrate [s] returned thanks to 
his Royall Highness & his Honour & waiting on him to y* Forte they 
Invited his Honour to dine with them att y« Citty Hall y* 
Next day and Seuerall of y* old Magistrates & Ancient Inhabitants 
to accompany him Where his Honour Receiued a Large & plentiful! 
Intertainm! and they had great satisfaction in his Honours Company 

Citty of Newyork SS 

Att a Meeting of y* Deputy Mayo*" & Aldermen 
att y« Citty Hall y* I3*l' 7^^* 83 
Present 

M'' William Beekeman Deputy Mayo'' 
Mr John Lawrence 
Mr Peter Jacobs 
Mr James Graham 
Vpon Consideration of y* Value of Coyne to be currant in this 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 97 

province Resol\'ed y' this ffollowing application be made to y* 
Governor & Councill, viz*, 

[172] Wee the Deputy Mayo^ & Alderman of y^ Citty of Newyorke 
hauing heard y^ Complaints of many of y^ Merch^ and Inhabitants 
in this Citty ffor want of a Certaine Rate or Valuation to be put & 
established ffor y* Currency of Spanish coyne in this Citty and 
Governm* & y« great trouble & Inconveniency that is by defect thereof 
the which taking into Consideration to redress & Remedy haue thought 
flfitt humbly to represent y« same to your Honour praying y* some 
ord^ may be made therein to establish y^ Currant Value of said Coyne 
accordingly and wee do humbly present & Giue or opinions y\ if all 
peeces of eight being Ciuill Maxico or pillar not weighing less y? fif- 
teen penny weight do pass ffor six shillings & all Peru of y* same 
weight att ffiue shillings halfe peeces att three shillings quarters att 
one shilling & six pence and Royalls att Nine pence it may be of bene- 
ffitt & Conueniency to this Citty & province & the Inhabitants thereof 

Ord^ of y® Gouernor & Councill 
establishing y^ Rate & Value of 
Spanish Coyne 
Newyorke 

T^Y TMK GOVERXO? & COUNCELL 

l'\jr-asinuch as y^ deputy Mayo^ & aldermen of y^ Citty of New- 
yorke haue this day presentted a Petition setting ffprth y* seuerall in- 
conveniency & abuses comitted ffor y^ Want of a Certain Rate of Val- 
uation to be putt & established ffor y« Currency of Spanish coyne it 
is therefore 

Ordered that all peeces of eight being Sevill Mexico [173] or pillar 
not weighing less than ffiueteen penny w*^ shall pass ffor six shillings 
and all peru of y* same weight (provided they be good sylver) shall 
pass ffor ffiue shillings ; all half peeces att three shillings all quarters 
att one shilling and six pence and all Ryalls att nine pence 
GiUEN vnd^ my hand this: i^^^ day of 7^r« 1683 

Tho: Dongan 
To y^ Mayo^ & Aldemen of y* 
Citty of Newyorke who are 
fforthwith to cause this to be 
published 

J Spragg SeCTy 
Vol.1. 7 



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98 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Citty of Newyorke Order to y* Provost & Marshall to take a list 

of all y^ ffreemen & householders & 
Inmates Sc their Children aboiie 
1 6 years of age 

By the Deputy ^Mayo^ & Ai.dekmex 

These arc to authorize &: require you ^forthwith vpon Receipt 
hereof to go ffrom house to house throughout this Citty & p*"cincts & to 
make a true & ^fect Catalogue or list of all y*^ Freemen householders 
& Inmates & their male Children ahoue ahoue y^ Age of i6 years Inhab- 
iting therein & presents y*^ same to y*^ deputy Mayo'" with all possible 
speed ffor w^t this shall be yo^ Warrant 

To M^ John Cavillier Given vnd'^ my hand this: 15^^ day of: 7^«\ ^^ 
Provost of y* s^ Citty & 

M^ Benj : Collier Marshall \VT Beekeman Depty Mayo^ 

of y* Same 

[174] Newyorke Ord^ to apprize y^ Negroman Called 

Mingo fformerly belonging to J? Ryder on 
y^ [Sentence unfinished.] 

By the Deputy Mayo^ & Aldermen 
Whereas by Certaine Articles of Agreem^ made between John Ryder 
& Jane his Wife & olance Steeuens all of this Citty bearing date y^ 4^!? 
day of January 1678-9 amongst other things It is agreed that in Case 
they y« s*? John Ryder & Jane his wife or either of them shall not rcdeeme 
y*^ moregage of their Xcgroman ]\Iingo within three years therein 
mentioned y' y" y^ s^ Negroman Mingo becomes solely & wholly y* 
s^ olance Steeuens ffor euer he allowing ouer and aboue y*^ fforty 
pounds what in reason shall be by Indifferents men appraized to be 
worth, the which mortgage not being yett redeemed although tender 
hath been made of y^ Negro ^vsuant thereto & y^ s4 time being long 
since expired and y^ s^ Olance Steeuens making application y^ two 
Indifferent Men may be appointed to apprize y*^ s? Negro We haue 
therefore thought ffitt & do hereby desire authorize & appoint Mr J? 
Inians & m^ Gabriel Minvielle to value & apprize y^ s4 Negro accord- 
ingly & thereof to make returne vnd^ their hands 

GiUEN und^ my hand this: i^*. of 8^^<^ 1683 

The day & yeare aboues^ Wee vnd'" Written in ^suance of this ord^ 
do apprize y^ Negro Mingo with y* time Considered since y* Mort- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



99 



gage & Risco to be worth in all ffourty two pounds tenn shillings as 
Wittness o^ hands y« p"?^ 8^^^ 1683 

John Inians 

G: Minvielle 

[175] Citty of Newyorke Warrant to W? Luke Sancton to 

Collect y* dock & bridgemoney 

By the Deputy Mayo^ & Ald^mex 

These are to desire Authorize & Tnipower you M*" Luke Sancton to 
Collect & Receiue flfor y* use of y*^ said Citty y* Dock money due A 
payable by y*^ seuerall ships vessells sloops & boates trading or be- 
longing to this porte according to y« establishm^ & Regulation thereof 
& likewise of eucry ships or vessells twelue pence ffor euery tenn 
Tunns in Burthen being what hath been vsually paid flfor y* aise of y^ 
Bridge in loading & unloading their goods and thereof to Render an 
account to y* Mayo^ & Aldermen ffor y* time being When and so often 
as you shall be desired & flfor so doing this shall be yo^ Warrant 

GiUEN vnd^ my hand this 13^1^ of 8^'^^ 1683 
W^ Beekeman depty mayo^ 

Newyorke The Charter of Priuiledges publis'd 

October y^ 31*!* 1683 

The Charter of Lybertyes & priuiledges granted by his Royal 
Highness to y* Inhabitants of Newyorke & its dependency es confirmed 
by act of Assembly with a Continued act ffor defraying y^ requisite 
Charges of y* Governmt were this day pul)lisb.ed att y^ Citty Hall in 
y* presence of his honour y« Gouemo^ the Councill & representatiues 
& deputy mayo*" & aldermen of this Citty the Inhabitants hauing notice 
by sound of Trumpet to heare y*^ same 

[176] Proclamation by y* Gouerno'^ and 

Councill directing m*"5 of Vessells to y« 
Dukes Collector flfor obseruance of w^ re- 
quired by act of assembly & y^ times & 
place flfor Loading & vnloading goods &c 
published 

By the Gouerno* & Councell 

Whereas by an act of Generall Assembly made & published seuerall 
Customs Excise & dutyes, are setled & established to be payed flfor 



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loo MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

defraying v« Charge of y^ Governm^ And seuerall matters and things 
therein required and enjoyned to be obserued & performed by mas- 
ters of ships or other vessells trading to or belonging to this prouince 
These are therefore to declare and publish to all such m^! of ships 
or other vessells & all & euery other person or persons any ways Con- 
cerned therein that they rcpaire to M^ Luke Sancton his Royall High- 
ness Collector att y*^ Custome house neare y^ bridge in y* Citty & there 
giue bond & obscrue & perfornie vv* by the said act they are required 
& enjoyned, and that there y^ Regulation Ffor y^ s^ Custome Excise 
& dutyes may be seen And all Masters of ships or other vessels & all 
other persons whonic it may any wayes Concerne are hereby in his 
Royall Highness Xanie strictly required & commanded that they do not 
load or take on board any t^oods wares or mercliandize ffrom or vn- 
load or put on shore any goods wares or merchandize att or vpon any 
other place whatsoeuer within this Citty but y^ bridge and yt in pres- 
ence of one of y*^ officers of y^ Customs And between y*^ houres of 
seuen and twelve in y^ morning and two and six in y*^ afternoone and 
att no other place or time whatsoeuer as they will answer y* Contrary 
att their perills 

rrirKX vnd^ my hand & scale in Newyorke y« ffirst day of iy'^^ in 
y*" 35*-' of his Maj^'^s Reygne Annoq« Dm 1683 

To y*^ Mayo^ & aldermen of y* 
Citty of Newyorke to be fforthw^l' 
published 
l^assed the office John Spragg Secfy. 

[177] FVoclamation by y^ Governor and Councell 

ab^ publick houses & how Lycences 
are to be granted 

By the CiovERNo? & Councell. 

FoRASMixn as great hurte Troubles Si Inconueniency haue and do 
daily grow and encrease within this Prouince by y* disorders and 
abuses committed in pul)lickc Drinking houses Taphouses & ordinaryes 
and persons presuming to keep such houses, and sell all sorts of liquors 
by Retaile without y^ Lycence knowledge or apprabation of any in 
authority for y« prevention of which ffor ye future & y* good rules 
& orders may be kept throughout the prouince It is hereby Ordered 
that no person or ^sons whatsoeuer Inhabiting within y« Citty of 
Newyorke do after publication hereof presume to keep any publicke 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK loi 

drinking house Tap house or Ordinary or to sell any sorte of liquors 
by Retaile, or a less quantity then ffiue Gatt. cither within doore or 
without vnless they shall ffirst make their application to y^ Mayo^ or 
deputy niayo^ of y*^ s"^ Citty ffor y^ time being & obteine a Certificate 
vnd'' tlicir i:ari is y* they are of good life & Conversation and ffitt to 
keep such a house and after y^ haue a Lycense ffroni y^ Governor or 
ffrom such person as by him shall be appointed vnd'' his hand and 
scale allowing y« same & shall likewise pay all such excise & dutyes 
as by law is enjoyned vnd^ y*^ penalty therein specified and y^ ffroni 
& after y* publication hereof no person or persons wtsoeuer through- 
out this province do presume to keep any such house or sell by re- 
taile any sorte of liquors as afores? vnless they shall flirst obteine a 
Certificate vnd*" y* hands of two Justices of y* peace within y*^ County 
where they Inhabite that they are of good life & Conuersation & ffitt 
to keep such house as afores? And shall likewise haue a lycence ffrom 
y« Gouerno'^ or other person by him appointed as afores^ & shall pay 
y« excise & other dutyes by law established ynd*" y« penalty therein 
contained, of w*^l' all persons [178] Concerne[d] or [are] to take 
notice & conforme themselues thereunto accordingly Giuen under my 
hand & scale in Newyorke this second day of Xovemlo'^ in y^ 35*^ year 
of his ma^^^"* Reigne Annoq*^ dnt 1683 
To y* Mayo'" & Aldermen of Tho: Dongax 

y* Citty of Newyorke to be 

fforthwith published 

Passed y^ office J? Spragg Secfy 

The opinion of y^ depty mayo^ & Alder- 
Citty of Newyorke SS men presented to y* Governo'' about Indian 

Traders 

Att a ^^layo*"^ Court held y« 6'V day of 9^^^ 1683 
Pursuant to yo^ honours order wee hauing taken into Consideration 
y« Indian Traders within this Citty & how y* Reuenue Charged on 
them may be secured ffor his Royall Highness vpon examination do 
ffind y« Number of such Traders but small & what so Traded ffor of 
no great Value Therefore wee humbly p^'sent our opinions to yo^ hono^ 
if yo^ Honour shall so think that a proclamation be made and pub- 
lished prohibiting all persons to trade with Indians ffor any goods or 
wares whatsoeuer (prouisions ffire wood & Gutters ffor houses ex- 
cepted) without a Lycence ffirst- obteined ffrom yo^ Hono^ or such 
person as by yo*" hono*" shall be appointed to grant y^ same when 



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102 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

each person may be obleiged by oath to discover y^ yearly value of 
such Trade or to pay annually such sunim ffor their lycence as shall be 
agreed on 

^,. , - ,, , c-c- Seuerall acts of y^ Assembly published 

Citty of Nevvvork SS -t.. t_ • fu ^o 

-^ ' Nouember y« 7^0 1683 

These following Acts were openly read & published before y^ Citty 
hall in y^ presence of y^ deputy Mayo^ & aldermen Viz*. 
[179] An act to deuide y^ prouince into Countys. 
An act for Naturalizing y*^ Inhabitants of fforeigne Nations &c 
An Act for Repealing y^ former Laws aW y^ Rate & Justices allowance 
An Act ffor y^ settlemt of Courts of Justices 
An Act ffor y*^ due Regulations & ^ceedings on examinacon 
An Act to preuent willfull perjury 
An Act of settlemt 
An Act ffor defraying y^ Necessary charges of each Citty Towne or 

Country 
An Act to ])revcnt ffraude in Conueying of Land 
An Act ffor Rewarding those y* destroy Wolues. 
An Act too preuent damages by swine 
An Act ffor allowance to representatiues 
An Act ffor a ffree & voluntary present to y^ Gouerno^ 

Petition presented to y*^ Governor in y^ name of y^ 

Mayo^ Aldennen Sc Comonalty of y^ 

Citty ffor a Charter 

To THE Right Honour.\ble Coll 
Thomas Dongan Esq^ Liutenant & Gov- 
ernor & vice admirall vnd'^ his Royall High- 
ness James Duke of yorke & Albany &c 
of Newyorke and dependency es in America 

The Humble petition of y^ IVlayo^ Aldermen and Comonalty of y^ 
Cilty of Newyork 

SlIEWETH 

That this Citty hath had «S: enjoyed seuerall antient Cus- 
tor.vjs priuiledges & Imnmnityes w*^l' were Confirmed & granted to 
tlioni by Colt Richl^ Nicholls late Governor of this Province by Au- 
thority Ynd"" his Royall Highness Anno 1665 who Incorporated y^ In- 
habitants thereof New Harlem & all others Inhabiting on y^ Island 
manhatan whereon this Citty standeth as one body pollitique and [180] 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 103 

Corporate vnder y^ Governmt of a Mayo'^ Aldermen & shertffe in 
w*=^ manner it hath Continued in practice euer since and hath had 
vsed and Injoyed y^ Customes libertyes and priuiledges ffoUowing, 
vizt, 

I*': That all y^ Inhabitants on y^ Island Manhatans was vnder y« 
Gouernmt of y^ Citty of Newyorke 

2'} That y^ Gonerning of s^ Citty was by seuen Magistrates & a 
schout fYoniierly called Burgemaster & schepen Now one Mayor six 
aldermen & one sheriffe 

3'.' These Magistrates had power to appoint all Inferiour^ officers 
as Constables & ouerseers vndersheriflFs Cryers & Marshalls through- 
out y^ whole Island & also did make such peculiar laws & ord'^^ as 
they Judged Conuenient ffor y^ Well Governing y^ Inhabitants of s? 
Corporation & held once in 14 dayes or oftener on speciall desire or 
occasion a Court of Judicature att y*^ Citty hall where they did heare 
& determine all causes & matters whatsoeuer brought before them, by 
Jurys, or in equity as y*^ cause required The Mayor or Chief Magis- 
trate had power to determine all matters that came before him vnd^ 
40^ without appeale or any other processc then a verball hearing of 
^tyes 

4^'; The sheriffe secured all wrilts iV summons e^' attachm*^ within 
y^ Ly mitts of y*^ Corporation cS: as Watter=bayliffe on y^ 

Watter 

5^^ They had their owne Clerk and kept y^ Records of y^ Citty 
distinctly 

6^!^ This Citty y^ staple porte of y^ Whole province where all 
Merchandize was shipped and unloaden 

7*1^ None were to be esteemed Freemen of the Citty but who were 
admitted by y^ Magistrates afores^ & none before such admission to 
sell by Retayle or exercise any handycraft trade or occupation & euery 
Mercht or shop keeper was to pay ffor y^ publick vse of y*^ Citty 3£ 
12^ enery handy Craft man i £ 4^ an [on?] being made ffree 

8*1' No Freeman of y^ Citty was to be arrested or haue their goods 
attatched vnless it was made appeare that they were departing or Con- 
ue} ing away their estates to defraud their Credito**^ 

9*1* No person was admitted to trade vp hudsons Riuer except [ 181 ] 
Except he was a Freeman & had been an arriuall Inhabitant in this 
Citty ffor y^ space of 3 years and if any ffreemen should be absent out 
of y« Citty y^ space of, 12, moneth & not keep ffire and Candle & pay 
scott & lott should loose his ffreedome 



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I04 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

i(?\} All y^ Inhabite up hudsons Riuer were fforbid to trade oner sea 

n No Flower was to be bolted or Packed or Hickett made ffor ex- 
portation but in y^ Citty of Newyorke being ffor y^ Incouragement of 
trade & keeping vp y^ reputation of Newyorke fflower w*^t is in great 
request in y« West Indie [s] and y*= only support and maintainance of 
y* Inhabitants of this Citty and if not confirmed to them w-ill ruine & 
depopulate y^ same. 

12 That y*^ s^ Citty had a Common scale to serue ffor y^ dealing of 
all & singular their affaires matters & buisenes touching y« s^ Corpora- 
tion 

All w^\^ said Antient Customs priuiledgcs & lybertyes wee y^ s^ Mayor 
& aldermen in behalfe of themselues & y^ Citizens of y*^ s? Citty do 
humbly present & make knowne to yo^ Honour humbly beseeching yo^ 
hono'" in their behalfe to Interceed & procure that y*^ same be Confirmed 
to them by Charter ffrom his Royall highnes. with these additions ffol- 
lowing 

1 That y^ s? Corporation be deuided into six wards 

2 That y^ ffreemen in each ward do once euery year ellect their 
owne officers [that is?] to say Aldermen Conion Councellmen Con- 
stable ouerseers of y*^ poor Scauengers questmen or other 
officers usefull & necessary ffor y« said Corporation & ward 

3 That there be a mayo'^ & a Recorder who with y^ s? six aldermen 
& 6 Common councillmen Shall represent y*^ Whole body of y« s^ 
Citty & corporation & shall haue power to make peculiar Laws & 
ord*"? ffor y*^ good Gouernm* & support thereof 

4 That a mayo'^ be appointed euery year by y^ Gouerno^ & Councell 
& to be one of y*= Aldermen so chosen as afores? 

5 That all Magistrates so chosen shall not be admitted to y^ execu- 
tion of their offices vntell sworne before [182] y^ Governor & Councill 

6 That y^ Recorder be appointed by y^ Governoi^ & Councell who 
shall be Judge of y^ Citty & Corporation & l)e ayding & assisting to y* 
mayof Aldermen & common Councill in all matters y^ relate to y^ well 
being thereof 

7 That a sheriff e be annually appointed by y^ Governo'' c^' Councell 

8 That y*^ Corroner & Towne Clark be a]ipointe(l by the Governo' 
& Councill 

9 That y* Mayor Recorder Aldermen & Common Councell do ap- 
point a Treasurer for Collecting & paying all publick debts & Revenues 

This &: whatsoeuer else yo^ Hono^ or his Royall Higfh]ness shall 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 105 

think ffitt necessary & Conuenient ffor y^ good rule ord^ & welfare of this 
Citty & Corporation Yo^ Petitioner [s] humbly pray may be granted & 
Confirmed to them in as ffull & ample manner & fforme as his ma^?* 
hath been graciously pleased to grant to other Corporations within his 
Realme of England ffor y« obleuing [obtaining?] of \w^^ they againe 
humbly begg yo^ hono^ to become their supplyant whose kindness & 
seruice therein shall be most thankfully acknowledged 

Newyorke 9^r« y^ q^I* 1683 And as in duty bound yo^ petitioners 

shall euer pray &c 



Some. objections made by y^ Governor & 
Councell to y* petition presented in y^ name 
of y« Mayo^ Aldermen & comonalty with 
desire to be explained 

Att a Councell held in Newyorke y^ lo^l* 9^*^"^ 1683 

P^^^^"^ The Governor 

M*" Frederick Phillips 
M*" Lucas Sancton 

A Petition from y^ Deputy Mayo'' Aldermen and Comonalty of y^ 
Citty of Newyorke being Read was concluded as ffollows 

In Answer to y^ ffirst Article it is thought raisonable that [183] the 
Towne of Harlem shall haue Liberty to determine all Matters y^ come 
before them vnd'" 40^. att their owne Towne Court 

To y* Third Article it is Answered that there being these words, 
these Magistrates had power to appoint all Inferiour Officers, as Con- 
stables Overseers Vndersheriffs Cryers and Marshalls it is desired that 
it may be explain^ what it meant by Marshall in y^ s^ Article it is 
also desired y* it may be explained what it meant by peculiar Laws, 
and how ffar they will extend, as likewise what is meant by Court of 
Judicature, and how ffarr y* s? Court is to extend, and y* yf Court of 
Judicature vnder fforty shillings being allowed it is thought Conuen- 
ient to distinguish betwixt y*^ s? Courts and make two Articles of this 
one being y« Third Article to y*^ ffourth Article it is thought y* y® watter 
Baillif belongs to y* admiralty 

And in y^ seuenth article Jews are to be excepted who are left to 
y* disposall of y* Governor 

By ordr in Councell 

John Spragg Secfy 



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io6 :^11N'UT1:S OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ax Explanation of seuerall heads Conteined 
in y^ petition lately presented to his honour y^ 
Governo"" I y y*^ Mayo*" Aldermen & Comonalty 
of y^ Citty of Newyorke ^suant to y*^ desire of 
the Governo'" & Councell Humbly presented to 
his honours ffurther Consideration 

I The Towne of Harlem is a village within & belonging to this 
Citty & Corporation & ffor y*-^ more easy administrati | on ] & dispatch of 
Justice, officers haue been Annually Appointed by y*^ Mayo^ S: aldermen 
to hold Courts and determine matters not exceeding 40^ both att Har- 
lem & the Bowery & shall do y^ like ffor y^ ffuture & is Intended to be 
one of y^ six wards. 

3 A Marshall is an vnd^" officer Assistant to y^ sheriffe [184] in 
seruin^- writts sumoneing Jurys looking after prisners Sc attending 
y^ Court & that officer & y^ Cryer hath hetherto been one person. 

Peculiar Laws are laws & ordinances made by y^ Mayo^ Aldermen 
& Common Councill ffor y^ well & good Governmt of this Citty & 
Corporation and to extend as ffarr as the lymitts thereof 

Court of Judicature is a Court to heare & determine all Causes & 
matters whatsoeuer brought before them both Ciuill & Criminall not 
extending to life limb or menber & had Jurisdiction ouer all y*= Inhab- 
itants within the Citt}' Sc Cor]y)rcitinn & ouer y^ harbours & all baves 
Coues Creeks & Inletts belonging to y^ same 

The whole Island being one Corporation y^ Inhabitants are all Men- 
bers of one body & Concciue no need of distinction The Mayo^ Alder- 
men & Common Councell hauing y^ Care and Charge to make all things 
as easy &: Conuenient ffor y^ Inhabitants as possible & wHll haue y*^ same 
regard thereto as fformerly. 

A Watter Bailliffe is an officer belonging to a Corporation & y* 
sheriffe of this Citty hath usually exer[ci]sed y* office by seruing ar- 
rents & attatchm*? in y^ harbours Bayes Coues Creeks & Inletts belong- 
ing to this Citty & Corporation by warrant ffrom y^ Mayo'' sheriffe or 
other his superiours to him directed as sheriffe & watterbayliffe as well 
in Ciuill as Criminall matters 

What belongeth to y* Gouerno^ or prerogatiue think not ffitt to 
meddle with or any waves restraine 

Newyorke 9^^^ I9*^ 1683 

Citty of Newyorke Saturday y^ 24^^ of g^l^ 1683 

Tlie old Magistrates M*" Cort Steenwick M*^ N Bayard M^ J° Inians 
M' WP Pinhorne M^ Guline veuplanke M"^ Robinson & m** Will*!* 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 107 

Cox being sent ffor all waited on y^ Governor att y^ fforte except M*" 
Cox wliere y^ old magivStrates were discharged & a Commission Giuen 
to M' Cornellius Steenwick to be niayo^ & y*^ other persons aboue 
Named to be Aldermen flfor y'^ citty of Newyork vntill y<^ usuall time 
of New elections being y^ 14*!? of S^r^ & M*" J" Tuder vas likewise ap- 
poinicd sheriff e of y<^ s'j Citty & were all sworne accordingly 
[185] The old Magistrates Conducted y^ new ones to y^ Citty Hall 
where their Commission was read in y^ Court Chamber & they resigned 
to y? y« Bench who took their places as Nominated in y^ Commission 
M^ \y^^ Cox who was absent when y*^ mayo^ & y^ rest of y^ Aldermen 
were swome had y^ oatli of an aldermen admitted [administered] by 
y*^ Secretary the then niayo^ & Aklermen ordered their Comission to 
be publickly read att y^ doore of y*^ Citty hall which was accordingly 
%^ formed by y^ Towne Gierke 

The same day John West had his Commission renued to be Gierke 
of y« s^ Citty &c 

Commission to y*^ ^layo^ & Aklermen 

Collo^! Thomas Dongax LieutenT Gover- 
No** and vice admirall und^ his Royall highness 
of Newyorke and dependencyes in America 

Bv virtue of y*^ Authority deriued vnto me ffrom his Royall High- 
ness I do hereby authorize & appoint you IM'' Cornelius Steenwick 
Mayo^ M'- Nich? Bayard U' John Inians M*- W? Pinhorne M^ Gulinc 
verplank M*" John Robinson and M"" W^^ Cox Aldermen and M*" John 
Tuder sheriffe of this Citty, Giuing and Granting you y^ s? Mayor and 
aldermen or any ffoure of you Whereof y*^ Mayor or deputy Mayo^ to 
be always one w*l* ffull power and law^full authority to keep court and 
to administer Justice as a Court of Mayo^ and aldermen & sessions and 
rule and Gouerne all the Inhabitants w*Hn this Citty Corporation and 
liberty es thereof according to y*^ laws of this Governm* and practices 
of y*^ place and also to appoint such vnd^ officers as you shall Judii^e 
necessary ffor y« orderly execution of Justice hereby requiring all per- 
sons V. Iiome this may Concerne to giue due obedience unto you as they 
and euery of them will answer y* Contrary att their perills And ITor so 
doing this shall be to you and euery of you a sufficient Warrant and 
discharge this Commission to be of fforce vntill y^ 14^1* day of 8^^^ 
next ensuing in y<= year 1684 or till further Order Giuen vnder my 
hand & sealed with y^ scale of y^ province att fforte James y^ 24*^ day 
of 9^?^ 1683 

TlIO: DONGAN 



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io8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[i86] Commission to John West to be 

Gierke of y*^ Citty of Newyorke 
Coll Thomas Doxgan leueten"^ & Governor & 
viCEADMiRALL &c of Newyofk & dependencyes in 
America 
By virtue of y« Authority deriued unto me ffrom his Royall High- 
ness I do hereby Constitute and appoint you M^ John West Clerke of 
y* Citty of Newyorke authorizing you to take into yol Custody all Rec- 
ords Books & papers of Publicke Concerne belonging thereto and to 
act in y^ said employ as a Clerk may and ought to do according to 
Law & practice and that during my pleasure only Giuen vnd^ my hand 
and scale att Forte James y*^ 24*^ day of g^l^ 1683 
Passed y« office John Spragg Secfy Tho : Dongak 

Proclamation by y^ Gouerno^ publisht y^ 27*^ prohib- 
iting all persons trading with Indians without a lycence 
ffrom y^ ^ecretarys office &c 

By the Governor 

Whereas Complaint hath been made to me of y^ abuse of Indian 
Traders within this Citty & Corporation & y^ y*= Reuenue Charged on 
them may be in danger to be diminish'd except some Course be taken 
ffor y* preuention thereof I haue therefore thought ffitt and necessary 
to prohibite all persons to trade with Indians ffor any goods or wares 
whatsoeuer prouisions ffirewood and gutters ffor houses only ex- 
cepted without a Lycense ffirst had and obtained ffrom y*^ secretarys 
office and all persons Concerned are to take notice thereof as they will 
answer y<^ Contrary att their perills Gii'ex vnder my hand att fforte 
James y« 26*!? day of 9^:^ 1683 
To y« Mayor & aldermen to be Tho : Dongan 

fforthwith published 
Passed y*^ office John Sprac:g Secfy 

[187] Citty of Newyorke SS 

Proceedings att a Meeting of y^ 
Mayo'' & Aldermen 

Att a ^Meeting of y^ Mayor & Aldermen 
att y« Citty Hall y« 27^^ day of 9^^^ 1683 
A Proclamatiox prohibiting trading w*!? Indians without Lycence 
was Published bv ord'^ of \'* Gouerno'' 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 109 

The Commission to J? West to be Clerk was Read & published. 

The Sheriffe being required to giue security proposed M*" Inians & 
M"* Robinson who accepted thereof & a bond was ordered to be drawn 
accordingly 

Jaruis Merchall was admitted Cryer & Merchall of this Court on y^ 
Recomendation of y® sheriffe 

Whereas you are Chosen & Confirmed by y^ Mayo^ & Aldermen to 
be Cryer and Merchall ffor this Citty and Corporation you do swear by 
y* euerliuing God that you will faithfully and diligently ^ forme s4 
offices by giuing due attendance on y* Mayor & Court of Aldermen & 
daily seruing all writts sunlonses & sum^ning Jurys when required by 
y* sheriffe of this Citty & take care of all such prisoners as by him 
shall be Committed to yo^ Charge & in all things behaue yo'^self as be- 
comes y« office of a Cryer & Merchall according to y*^ ordr Custome 
and usage of this Citty to y« best of yoF skill and knowledge 

Jaruis Merchall was sworne Cryer and Merchall according to y* 
oath afore written 

Courade ten Eyke "^ 

Jacob de key L Chosen Constables 

W*? Frampton J 

A Petition was Concluded to be presented to his hono^ y^ Gouerno^ 
& signed by all y^ Magistrates accordingly 

In y* afternoone y*^ Magistrates mett againe k an alteration was 
made in y* petition by adding y* ffor y*^ ffuture y^ Citty might Chuse 
their Towne Clerk & being Transcribed was againe Signed & presented 
to y* Gouernof & was as ffolloweth 

[188] Petition of y^ Mayo'' & Aklernien ffor put- 

ting in practice y*= fforme & method prescribed 
in a fformer petition ffor y*= Gouernm^ of y* 
Citty & Confirming Seuerall benefitts to them 
presented to y* Gouerno^ 
To THE Right Honourable Coll Thomas Dongan 
Leuitenant & Gouerno*" vnd*" his Royall Highness James 
Duke of Yorke & Albany of Ncwyorke & dependencyes 
In America 
The Humble petition of y* Mayo^ & Aldermen of y^ Citty of 
Newyorke 
Sheweth 

That Whereas y* necessary publicke Workes belonging to 
this Citty are much out of repaire & decayed and y*^ Reuenue y* was 



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no MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

to supportc and maintaine y^ same ffor y*^ present lost and distroycd 
and Whereas y^ 9*'; Instant A Petition was presented to yo^ bono*" by 
yof petitioners predecesso''? in y*^ name of y^ Mayo^ Aldermen & Comon- 
alty of this Citty therein sitting flforth y* priuiledge usnage Custome 
and practice of y^ s^ Citty & what they Concducd ffiirthtfr neccssaty 
ffor y*^ Weal good Goiiernm*, & supportc thereof \v*? they pr:.} .vl yo^ 
honor would procure to be confirm'd to them ])y Charter to them ffrom 
his Royall highness Yoi petitioner do hereby likewise humbly pray & 
desire y* same with this alteration only y* y^ Citty may haue y^ Choice 
of their Towne Clerk ffor y^ ffuture & y* since it cannot be so soone 
effected as y* vrgent affaires of this Citty doili require yo'" Hono^ will be 
pleased to ord*" and declare y* y^ fforme and method therein prescribed 
may be put in practice vntill such Time as his Rnyall highness pleasure 
shall be ffurther knowne therein & y^ yo'^ liouo^ will be ffurther pleased 
to Confirme to this Citty all y^ Vacant Lands within this Island to Low 
water markc y^ benefitt of Granting Lycences to all y* keep publickc 
houses y^ benefitt of y^ docke Wharfe el' bridge markett & Markett 
house with y^ fferry now between y* s? Citty t^ Long Island or y^ here- 
after shall be appointed between y* s^ Citty and Corporation or any 
other place w^^l" may helpe [189] To Enable them to deffray their pub- 
lick Charge & expence and maintaine their puhlicke works 

And yo^ petitione'"': shall euer pray tic 
Dated att y« Citty hall 

y« 27*1* day of 9^f« 1683 Cornelius Steenwick 

N Bayard 

J? Inians 

W*? Pinhorne 

Guilain Verplancke 

J? Robinson 

W? Cox 

Answer of y* Gouerno^ & Councell to y* 
petition of y^ Mayo'' & aldermen dated y^ 6^^ 
r27th] 9br<^ 1683 

Att a Councell held in Newyorke y^ 6'!? day of DecemtT. 1683 
Present 

The Gouerno^ 
Cap* anthony Brockholls 
M*- Fred : Phillips 
M*" Steph: Courtlandt 
M' Lucas Sancton 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK n, 

The Petition of y* Mayo^ and aldermen being read the gouenio^ in 
Councell gaue answer thereto in y^ ffolfowing Resolution and Reposalls 

That he much wondred y' hauing lately granted almost euery par- 
ticular of a Large and considerable petition lately preffered by y^ pre- 
ceeding Mayor & aldermen he should so suddenly Receiue another pe- 
tition ffrom y*^ present Magistrates to request either vv* was before 
granted or any thing Contrary to their fformer petition howeuer is 
willing to oblige them as farr as can be Raisonably done as may be 
seen by y^ ffollowing ^ticulars 

Their ffirst request Concerning y* Charter is already Granted, And 
a Recorder according to their fformer desires The r>rrys Granted with, 
a prouiso, that two boates ffor passengers be kept on each sirle of y* 
Riuer and one l)oate ffor Cattle on each side of y^ Riuer also 

The Towne Clarke is Refferred to his Royall highness his Nomi- 
nation 

*[20o] The Vacant Lands to Low Water marke within this Island 
are already disposed of 

The whole Island is ordered to be surueyed & when y* is (l</iie some 
land in y* woods not yett disposed off shall be appointed ffor y^ use of 
y« Citty 

The Dock and Wharfe is allowed to y*^ Citty prouided it be well 
kept and Cleared if not it shall be fforfeited but no duty is to be p4 
vpon y* Bridge 

No fferry in any other place alowed but what is already 

The Lycences always belong to y*^ Gouerno*", the beneffitt of y^ Mar- 
kett and Markett houses is Granted Prouided, there be nothing sold, 
but upon Wenesday & Saturday beginning betwixt Nine & Ten of y® 
Clock in y^ fforenoone, And all brought into y^ Markett place, Nothing 
being Allowed to be sold in any vessell boate or Canoe w^soeuer Only 
Butchers Meat is to be sold euery day in y^ week Sunday excepted, but 
to be sold in y* Markett & no Where else That it is Conuenient a Gierke 
of y« Markett be appointed And that by y« Gouernoi^ who shall see 
after y* Weights &' Measures, & due Regulation of y^ Markett. 

That there be twenty Carmen and no more allowed and their wages 
Regulated, and y*" number of sworne porters stated, with their Wages 
likewise 

The Mayo*" is also to Looke after y^ weights & valine of bread and y* 
valine and measures of all liquors sold and Retayled, and to put a 
price upon all other things sold, According as y* season shall require 

♦Note: Pages 190-199, inclusi\'«, are omitted in the pagination of the original. 



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J 12 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

and all bakers shall be obleiged to sell and keep good household bread 
ffor any who will demand it 

That y* s? house hold Bread be baked as v^ meales conies ffrom y* 
Mill 

That y<= Citty will appoint one or more, if Necessary to look after y* 

Chimnyes ffor y* preuenting of ffire And y* all houses keep one or more 

leather bucketts ^ *^ t r- n 

By ordr of Councell 

J? Spragg Secfy 

[201] The Diuision of y^ Citty and y*^ six Wards 

Att a Meeting of y* Mayor & Aldermen att y* Citty hall 
y« 8^1^ day of x^^e 1683 

Present 

M*" Stenwick Mayo^ 
M"" Inians 
M^ Pinhorne 

Mr Verplancke > Aldermen 
M*" Robinson 
M^-Cox 

The Deuision of y*^ Citty & Corporation of N : Yorke into six 
Wards is agreed on to be as ffolloweth, viz*, 

To begin att y^ Corner house of James Mathews 
The Southward by y^ Watter Side and so North ward along the 
I heere Graft to y^ house of simon Jonson Romain 

and ffrom thenc[e] West ward vp y^ Beauer graft 
to y*^ Corner House of Bar[e]nt Coarsen and ffrom thence south ward 
by y« fforte to y« watter syde including y^ Pearle street & so to y* 
house of James TMathews againe 

To Begin att y^ house of M*" Stcph : van Court- 
y* Dock=ward landt by y^ Watter syde and so North wards to y* 

2 Corner hous[e] of Geesie Denys ffrom thence east 
wards to y® house of Dauid Prouost and ffrom thence 

to y^ house of Tryntie Clox and so West wards to Vj Courtlandts 
againe 

To Begin att y* house of Thomas Lewis and ffrom 
y« East=-Ward thence Northward to y* house of Laurence Sluys then 

3 along y* Wall to y* Corner house of Miriam Leuy 
and so to Thomas Lewis againe, with all y* houses 

in y« Smith ffloye and without y« Gate on y*^ South side of y« ffresh 
Watter 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



"3 



To Begin att y^ house of Ariane Jonson hage- 
y« North-Ward, neer thence east Wards along y* beauer Graft & 

4 prince [202] Streete to y* house of Christian 
Laurier and so Northwards to y* house of Garret 

Hendrix and ff rom thence West Wards to y* Comer of y^ New Streete 
and thence Southwards to Ariane Johnsons againe 

To Begin att y* house of Thomas Coker so N: 
ye West- Wards Wards to y« Gate and Ffrom thence East Wards 

5 along y^ Wall to y^ Corner of y« New streete thence 
Southwards to y« house of Peter Brestede and ffrom 

thence Westwards to y*= Widdow of J? Johnson Brestede and so to 

Thomas Cokers againe 

/^ 11 r , To Containe y* Towne of Harlem with all y ^ ff ermes 

V Out ^v ard 
•^ ^ Plantations and settlem^ on this Island Manhatans 

ffrom y^ North Side of y* ff resh Watter 

An Alderman was appointed ffor each Ward according as Nomi- 
nated in their Commission Vizt 

M*- N : Bayard Ffor y« South Ward 
M*" J° Inians For y* Dock Ward 
M*" W*? Pinhorne For y« east Ward 
M*" Gyline Verplancke ffor y* North Ward 
M*" J? Robinson For y« West Ward 
M' WT Cox For v* Out Ward 



The Gouerno^ ord*^ to put in practice y« fforme 
prescribed in y« petition of y* 9*^ 9^*^* ffor y* 
GouemmS of this Citty 

By the Governo* 

In answer to a petition presented by y* Mayo' & aldermen bearing 
date y« 27*^ November Past Ordered that y* fforme and Method pre- 
scribed in a petition presented by y* fformer Mayo^ & aldermen bear- 
ing date y* 9'? 9^*'" past Ffor y« Weal & Gouemm* of y« s? Citty be put 
in practice vntill such time as his Royall highness pleasure shall [203] 
be ffurther knowne therein Giuen und^ my hand att Forte James y* 
io*l» day of x^f« 1683 

Tho: Dongak 

Passed y« office 

John Spragg SeCiy 
Vol. 1.-8 



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114 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Warrant ffrom y« Commissioners (appointed by y« 
act ffor a ffree & voluntary Gift to y* Gouerno') to y* 
Mayor and Aldermen ffor Choice of assessors 

To THE Mayo* & Aldermen of y« Citty of X: Yorke Greeting 

By Virtue of an Act made by y*^ Gouerno^ & Councell & assembly 
Intitled an act ffor a ffree & voluntary %?sent to y*^ Gouemo'' Wee y<= 
Commissioned'* therein nominated & appointed ffor y^ Citty and County 
of N: Yorke hauing mett and assembled our selues together ffor y* 
effectual! Executing thereof do hereby require you y^ you fforthwitfi 
Cause y* ffreeholders & ffreemen within yor s? Citty and corporation 
to meet & assemble themselues together att some Conuenient place 
& in such manner as you shall think most ffitt then and there to make 
Choice of twelue ^sons to be ^senters and Assessors ffor y^ s? 
Citty and Corporation w^l" persons so Chosen are to make their appear- 
ance before us att y*= Citty hall y^ 17'!? Instant then and there to hear 
and Receiue what by us shall be giuen them in Charge ffor y* ffurther 
and effectual! exempting y* s? Act Giuen vnd^ our hands in Newyorke 
this io*l» day of decemb. 1683 

Cornelius Steenwick 
John Lawrence 
Wr Beekman 
John Inians 



[204] Proceedings of y* Mayo^ & Aldermen about Choice 

of Assessors &c 

Att a Meeting of y* Mayo^ & aldermen att y* Citty hall y*' IO*^ day 
of x»>f« 1683 



Present 

M*" CorneHus Steenwick Mayo^ 

M' N: Bayard 

M*" J? Inians 

M*" Guline verplancke y Aldermen 

M*" J? Robinson 

M' W« Cox 

A Warrant ffrom y* Commissioners appointed ffor y« Citty and 
County of N : Yorke by act of assembly Intitled an act ffor a ffree and 
voluntary present to y* Gouerno*' Directed to y« Mayor and Aldermen 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



115 



fFor Choice of assesso'[*] ffor y« s? Citty being Read, Ordered y* y* 
Respectiue Aldermen of this Citty do fforthwith Cause y^ ffreeholders & 
ffreemen in their seuerall Wards to meet att a Certaine day and place 
by them to be prefixed not exceeding six dayes after y* date then and 
there to make Choice of a ffitt person to be a ColTIon Councell Man 
ffor this Citty & two ffitt persons to be assessors & one to be Constable 
untill y* next elections of Mayor & Aldermen & other officers ffor this 
Citty, w^ assessors are likewise to haue Notice to appeare before y* 
s? Commissioners on monday y* 17*^ Instant att y*= Citty hall & Re- 
tume to be made to y* Mayof of y* seuerall persons so Chosen accord- 
ingly but in Regard of y*^ largenesse of y* out ward and y* distance 
between haulem and y* Bowery y* diuision of y* same to Continue as 
fFormerly att Sawmill Creeke & an assesso*" & a Constable to be Chosen 
ffor each diuision & presentation to be made by y« ffreehold*? and 
ffreemen of each diuision of a double Number of persons ffitt to be 
commissioners out of w*^^ some shall be appointed by y* MayoF and 
Aldermen as fformerly to hold Court & heare and determine small 
Causes not exceeding 40* in each diuision. 



[205] Att a Meeting of y* Commissioners apointed by y*= act 

ffor a ffree and Voluntary gift to y* Gouemo^ att y* Citty 
hall y« 17*!? x'^^ 1683 

The Assessors ffor y« Qtty and Corporation of y* Citty of N: 
Yorke appeared and were as ffolloweth 

Jacob Tunissen de key 
Peter Delanoy 
Antho: Demilt 
Jacob Meline 
Boole Roeloffsen 
J(5lres Kip 
J^rtres Van Brugh 
Caster Laersen 
Balthazar Bayard 
Suert Olphertsen 
Resolue Waldron 
Arian Cornelusen 

The Act was openly Read and y« assessors Charged to Rcturne 
their Certificates to y« Commissioners this day three Weeks. 





For y« southward 


• 


For y« Dockward 




For y* Northward 




For y« East Ward 


' 


For y« Westward 


1 


For y* out Ward 



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ii6 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty of Newyorke 



> Aldermen 



Ord^ about Juryman Constables ap- 
pointed for y*= Citty & Commiss*^ for y* 
outward with their paths 

The Court of Record of y« Citty afores? holden att y« Citty hall 
within y* s? Citty on Tuesday y« i8*? day of x^f« 1683 

Before M*" Cornelius Stenwick Mayo'^ 

M*" Nicholas Bayard 

^M*" John Inians 

M'- AV? Pinhorne 

M*" Guline Verplanckc 

M«- W? Cox 

[206J Okdered That all & euery ^son or %?sons within this Citty 
& Corporation or libertys thereof as shall.be ^sonnally sufTTOnsed & 
Returned to seruc as Jurymen in this Court & shall Neglect to appear 
& answer to their names when Called in Court shall fforfeite y« sum 
of six shillings w*^^ on Refusall to pay when demanded the sheriffe is 
to leuy by Imediate execution the one half whereof is to be ffor y« s? 
sheriffe & the other half to be payd by him to y* treasurer ffor y« use 
of y« Citty 



J 



Tobias Ten Eyke 
Paulus Turke 
John Reay 
J? Steuensen 
Henry Van Bursum 
Daniel Turnieur 
Henry Cornelissen 
John Deekman 
John Nagle 
Aron Harmensen 
Bastian Ellison 
Wolfert Webber 
Tunis Yeelesen 



Were Chosen Constables ffor y* 
Citty & Corporation of Newyorko 
& libertyes thereof & this day 
Sworne accordingly 

Were appointed Commissioners 
- ffor y« harlem Diuision in 
y« outward. 

Were appointed Commissioners 
-ffor y« Bowery diuision in 
y* same Ward 



This ffollowing Oath was adlHfetred 
to y* aboue Commissioners 
Whereas You are Chosen & appointed Commission" ffor y^ Har- 
lem diuision in y« Out-warde belonging to this Citty & Corporation You^ 
do Sweare by y* euer lining God that you will hold and keep monthly 
Courts within yo*" s^ diuision & ffaithfully heare try & determine all 
matters belonging to yo^ Cognizance & Truly administer Justice without 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 117 

ffauour affection or ^tiallity to any ^son or Cause so long as you 
shall be Continued in s? office, As God you help 

[207] The oath adniistred to y* Constables 

WHEitiiAS you are Chosen & appointed to be Constables within this 
Citty ft Corporation You do swear by y* euerliuing god y* you will 
ffaithfuUy & Truly discharg[e] the s^ office if or one whole yeare or 
untill others are Chosen in yo'^ Stead & during y' time you will carefully 
Endeauo^ to preserue y« Kings peace & discouer & p^'uent all attempts 
against y* same & duely execute all such Warrants as ffrom time to 
time to you shall be directed and in all things behaue yo*"selues as be- 
comes y* office of Constables according to y*^ Laws of this Prouince So 

help you God 

A Recorder appointed & oath of 

Fidelity administred to y^ Mayo^ 

The Court of Record of y*^ Citty afores? 

Citty of Newyorke SS holden att y*^ Citty Hall within y^ s^ Citty 

p. - on Twesday y*^ 15*1* day of January 1683 [-4] 

M*^ Cornelius Stenwick Mayo^ 

M*" Nicholas Bayard 

M*^ J? Inians 

M*" W*? Pinhorne ^Aldermen 

M"^ Guline Verplanke 

M' W? Cox 

Before y* opening of y* Court M*" Secretary Spragg & M^ Sancton 
came to y* Citty Hall & p^'sented M' James Graham to y^ Mayor and 
Aldermen & acquainted them that his Honour y^ Govemo^ had been 
pleased to Commissionate him Recorder of this Citty whose Commission 
was accordingly Read as ffolloweth 

The Re [c] orders Commission 
By the Goverxour 
Whereas the jMayo*' and Aldermen of y*^ Citty of Newyorke by 
Petition in y^ Name of themselues & the Comonality of y* s? Citty de- 
sired a Confirmation [208] Confirmation of their Antient Rights ft 
priuiledges w*? Seuerall Alterations and Additions within specified ft 
Conteined as is usuall and practicable in other Cittys and Corporations 
And Hauing thought ffitt & necessary that a Recorder be appointed to 
be Assistant to the MavoF and Aldermen in v* Rule of Gouermn* ol 



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ii8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

y* s? Citty and administration of Justice in their Court of Record, I do 

hereby by virtue of y* Authority Deriued unto me Constitute Authorize 

and Appointe you M*" James Graham to be Recorder of y* s? Citty 

Giuing unto you ffull power and Authority to Execute and ^ forme 

what to y^ office of a Recorder within a Citty & Corporation doth of 

Right belong and appertaine both ffor y* Weale and good Gouernm* 

of Said Citty & adrHition of Justice in y* s^ Court of Record during 

pleasure Giuen vnder my hand and seale att Forte James in New 

Yorke y^ 4^^ day of Decembr 1683 

Tho: Dongan 

Passed y^ office J? Spragg S^cfy 

Wenesday y^ i6^i* January y^ Court being adjourned to Meet in y* 
afternoone, The Mayo^ Record*" & Aldermen sheriffe and Gierke were 
sent ffor to y^ Forte before y* Gouerno*" & Councell where y^ oath of 
Fidelity to his Royal Highness as in y* old Lawbook was administred 
to them and y* Records sworne in his office ffrom whence they went to 
y« Citt>' Hall & held Court according to adjoumm^. 

The Recorder tooke his place on y« Bench on y^ Right hand of y^ 
Mayor 

Warrant from y^ Commissioners to 
y® Collectors ffor leuying y* assessem*® 
ffor a ffree & voluntary Gift to y* Governo^ 

Wherkas you M^ W'l^ Bogardus & M'" Isaack Grauerod are nomi- 
nated & Returned by y^ assessors Chosen ffor this Citty & Corporation 
to be Collectors of y« Assessm** & all monys & Rates due & payable by 
virtue of & %^suant [209] to an Act of Assembly Entitled an act ffor a 
ffree & voluntary present to y*^ Gouemo^ Wee y^ Commissioners ap- 
pointed by y^ act do approue thereof & hereby authorize Impower & re- 
quire you to Collect and leuy y^ s^ Assessm^ & all monys and Rates due 
thereupon of y*^ seuerall persons Assessed within the Fiue Wards on y* 
south syde of y* ffresh Watter And to y* end you are within 10 dayes 
after Receipt hereof to make demand of y^ partyes themselues or att y® 
places of their last aboad of y^ one moity thereof w*^^ is to be leuyed & 
payed on or before y*^ ffirst day of Aprill: 1684: in this Citty vnto M' 
Luke Sancton the Receiuer Generall or his deputy or deputyes And all 
persons are hereby required to make due and ready payem*^ to you vpon 
dcirand or on Refusall you are to distraine ffor y^ same in y* perform- 
ance of w^t you are to obserue and ffollow Such ord^? Methods & 
directions as in y^ s4 Act is particularly Mentioned & expressed and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



119 



ffor so doing this shall be yo^ Warrant Giuen vnd'^ o*^ hands in New 
Yorke this 22^]} day of January 1683 [-4] 

The like Warrants giuen to Daniel Turneor to be Collector of y* 
Harlem diuision in y*^ Out Ward & Arian Cornelisse[n] of y* Bowery 
diuision of y^ same ward 

Att a Meeting of y* Mayo^ Recorder & 
Aldermen att y« Citty Hall y« i^t day of 
ffeb 1683. 

The Debate was about y^ Trade of New Jarsey being much preju- 
diciall to y* Trade of this Citty & prouince Resolued That Mr Recorder 
M*" Alderman Bayard & M*" Alderman Pinhome to draw vp an ad- 
dresse in y* Name of y* Mayor and Aldermen to his Hono^ y* Gouerno^ 
to Represent y^ same and desire it may be Redressed 

Resolved That a Court of Sessions be held on twesday Next by the 
Mayo'" & Aldermen att y* Citty Hall ffor y^ Citty & County of Newyorke 
and that a Grand Jury be Impaunelled to attend on y* s? Court 
[210] Ordered That M«" Recorder and M*" Alderman Pinhome do 
waite on y« Gouernor to acquaint him therew*^ & know his pleasure if 
y« Gierke of y* Citty shall officiate as Gierke of y* Sessions or peace 
or who else he will be pleased to appoint 

M'' Recorder & Aldermen Pinhorne Returned that their power to 
hold y* s? Court of Sessions was disputed by y*^ Gouerno'^ but att lenght 
Ordered that they Should hold y* s^ Court 2 of y*^ dayes appointed & 
by y! time his Royall Highness Pleasure may be further knowne and 
y« Gierke of y^ Citty to act as Gierke of y*^ sessions & Peace 

Ordered That y* Common Councell be sITiTTonsed to Meet y^ Mayor 
Recorder and Aldermen att y* Citty hall on y* 14*? Instant to advise 
and Consult ab! y« publick Concernes of y* Citty 

Warrant to sunions y^ Comon Councell 
Citty of Newyorke SS 

To The Sheriffe of y* s4 Citty &c 
Y"ou are in his Royall Highness name required to suITIons y^ ColTIon 
Councell of y* S? Citty to meet y* Mayor and Aldermen att y* Citty 
Hall within y« s^ Citty on Thurday y® ffoureteen Instant by nine of y^ 
Clock in y« fforenoone of y* same day then & there to aduise and Con- 
sult about such matters as Relate to y* Publick weale & good Gouemm! 
of y* s? Citty & Corporation whereof ffaile not & haue with you then 
this p^'cept Giuen vnd^ my hand in Newyorke this Ninth day of ffeb' 

^^"^^ Cornelius Stenwick Mayo' 



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I20 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Proceedings att a CoHTon Hall 
Citty of Newyorke SS 

Att a Meeting of y* Mayo^ Record^ 
Aldermen & Common Councell att y* Citty 
Hall on Thursday y« 14^? day of ffeb'' 1683 

[-4] 

[211] An Oath being Presented by y*^ Recorder was approued of 
and administred to 

M*" Peter Jacobs Marins [Marius] 
Cap! Nicholas Demyer 
M*" John Lawrence 
M*" Isaack van Vleque 
M' Gabriel Minvielle 
M' Jacob Kipp 
Who were Chosen y« CoTTTon Councell ffor this Citty 

The Petition ffor a Charter & y* Gouerno^ ord^ thereupon was Read 

Then they proceeded to make Choise of a Treasurer 

And M*" John Delavall by y* Majo*" vote was Chosen who being sent 
ffor accepted thereof & was appointed Treasurer of this Citty vntill y* 
time of New Election M^ Nicholas Bayard M^ Peter Jacob Marius & M' 
Gabriel Minvielle were ordered & appointed as a Committee to enquire 
and Inspect into y* Cittys Reuenue or Publick Incombe & how y* same 
hath been disposed of Since y* Arriuall of Governo'" Andros & to Call 
all Persons to accU who haue been Concerned in Collecting y« Same & 
to make Reporte thereof in Common Hall on Saturday next come 
Seuennight 

M*" Guline Verplanke M*^ W? Cox M' Nicholas Demyer M^ John 
Lawrence or any Three of them were Ordered & appointed as a Com- 
mittee to view y* publick works of this Citty & make Reporte what Re- 
paires are Necessary & what may be y*^ Charge thereof as they w*l* y* 
aduise of Workemen skilled therein shall Judge & make Reporte &c 

M"^ Nicholas Bayard M*" W*? Pinhorne M*" John Robinson & M"^ 
Isaak ver Vleque or any three of them were ordered and appointed as a 
Committee to search y* Records & make Collection of all publicke ord'! 
as they shall thinke necessar\' to be renued or Confirmed flFor y* good 
of this Citty &c And to make Reporte &c 

The Hall adjourned till Saturday next come Seuennight att 9 in y* 
Morning 
[212] The Oath of y*^ Common Councell 

Yee sweare that yee shall be true to our souereigne Lord y* King 
that now is and to his heirs & successo'' (and to his Royall Highness 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 121 

Lord Proprietor of this Prouince) and Readily yee shall come when yee 
be summoned to y* Common Councell of this Citty Except yee be Rea- 
sonably excused, Good and True Councell yee shall Giue in all things 
touching y« Common wealth of this Citty after yo^ Witt and Cunning 
and that ffor Fauour of any person yee shall maintaine no singular 
proffitt of this Citty and after yee be come to y* Common Councell yee 
shall not ffrom thence departe untill y^ CoITTOn Councell be ended, or 
else by y* Mayor Lycence and also any secrett things that be spoken 
or said in y* Common Councell w^^t" ought to be Kept secrett in no wise 
yee shall disclose as God you help 

Att a Meeting of the May^ Aldermen 
p. - ^ «Y w • I. ^"^ Common Councell att the Citty Jiall 

J On Saturday the 23^^ Day of February 

i683[-4] 

The Committee Appointed to Search the Records And make Collec- 
tion of all Publique Orders as they think Necessary to be Renued or 
Confirmed, made Report of the heads of Seuerall Ord'^s, whicli were 
Judged Necessary To be Renued and Confirmed Accordinly And M*" 
Recorder, M^ Bayard, M^ Varplank M*" Minviel, or Any three of them 
Ordered and Appointed as A Committee, to Draw up Orders Relateing 
to the Sayd Seuerall heads. And Such other matters. As they Shall 
Judge Proper for the good Gouernm? of this Citty and Corporation 
and to make Reporte thereof in Common Councell [213] Att the next 
Meeting, 

M' Recorder M** Alderman Bayard, M' Alderman Pinhorne, and 
M*" j!P Laurance were Appointed as A Committee, to waite On his 
Houn' the Gouemour to Confer And Debate Aboute the former Right 
And Priviledge of this Citty to grant Lycences to Publique houses, And 
to haue the Benefit thereof, And to Receiue And Collectt Bridq^money, 
And to Remoue The Conditions In the Gouern^^s Answer to a Petic?5n 
Of the Mayor And Aldermen, On the Dock Wharfe And Market house 
And Ferry And to make Report Thereof Att the next Meeting, 

The Committee Appointed to Enquire Into the Cittys Revenue, And 
how Disposed of, made Report of their Proceedings in Seuerall Ar- 
ticles, w*^^ being Read were Approved oflF, As followeth, 

Peter Delanoy his Acc'^ for Anchorage And Dockage Is Apfoved 
And Allowed of And he Ordered to be discharged. 

What money Receiued By M*" Joseph Lee, of Peter Delanoy, being 
by Order of S'' Edmund Andros, Gouern'' he is not further Accomptahle 
for the Same, 



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122 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Thomas Coker his Acc*^ of Dockage, And Anchorage Receiued by 
him of W*? Welsh And Collected by him Selfe is Apfoved And Allowed 
off, And he Ordered to haue io£: ^ Cent, for wt Collected By him 
Selfe And Payd To Cap^ Brockholls and £3:4?: being Due to him 
thereapon is to be Satisfied out of the Citty Reuenue And he Dis- 
charged frU further Accompting 

Capt: Dyres Acc^? Reflfcred till his Arrivall 

M*^ Lucas Sancton his Ace**, of Dockage is Apfoved off Amounting 
to £7: w^t he is Ordered to Pay to the Treasurer of this Citty. 

Thomas Smith his Accl for Dockage Amounting to £1 : 10* : is 
Apfoved Off. 

[214] M*^ Alderman Cox And M^ Peter Jacobs Were Oi^ered And 
Apointed As A Committee to make A Listt And Acc^ of All the Barkes, 
Sloopes Brigantines, And Open Boats, Belonging to this Porte And 
to Enquire wt \'essells, Are in Arrear For their Dockage And make 
Reporte thereof att the next Meeting. 

y[T \Ym Bogardus Late Treasur?^ of this Citty produceing A Certifi- 
cate, Under the hand of M*" Francis Rumboute, That he was Present 
When Sayd Bogardus, Deliuered the Ace" of the Cittys Revenue, in the 
tyme of Sayd Rumboute Mayoralty, to Cap^ W? Dyre Mayo*", And that 
he Allowed thereof is Alsoe hereby Discharged therefrom, 

M^ Wrm Bogardus his furt];cr .\'^c't of the Cittys Revenue, from that 
tyme to this Day Amounting to 1*170: = : 3, with the AccH of Disburs- 
nients. And his Satery to Kallance the Same Are Allowed And he 
Discharged therefrom. 

Ordfrkd That the Arrcares of the Taxacon On houses in this Citty 
in the time when Peter Stoutburgh, was Treasurer, And in the Year 
1679. '^^^^ ^680, be forthwith Payd And Collected Amounting to 
£284 : 1 1 : 8, 

M*" Peter Stoutenburgh, Late Treasurer of this Citty haueing 
Cleared his Acc^t^ before the Court And Aldermen, is Discharged from 
y« Same, 

Adjourned to three in the Aftemoone 

ORDiifUi) That M*" W^' Bogardus be Impowered By Warrant from 
the Mayo^ forthwith to Collect And Levy the Afears due On the Tax- 
a^n Afnre«»^ And to giue his Ace" thereof. And Pay w* Collected into 
y^ Treasurer of this Citty by the i^t of May Ensneing And for his Col- 
lecting 5 ^ O, to be Allowed, 

[215] The Committee Ao(5ynted to View the Publique Workes of this 
Citty, And what Repaires Necessary And the Charge tiiereof made 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 123 

there Reporte Accordingly, And Thereby Computed tlie Repairac^n 
of the Citty Hall And Yard the Warfe And Market! house to Amount 
to £150, 

^r \\rm Merritt being Sent for And Discoursed Aboute the Ferry to 
Long Island Offered if he Might haue the Same for Tweenty Yeares 
to giue Tweenty Pounds p*" Annum, And to make houses On Each 
Syde And haue two Boates for Cattle And horses, And two Boates for 
Passengers, And to Carry Cattle And horses, att 6^ P*" head men att 
I** ^ And Corne att i^ ^ Bagg, q' 3 Sciples 

M*" Alderman Inian M^ Alderman Pinhorne M^ Nicolas Demyer, Or 
Any two of them Oreded & Apoynted As A Committee to Exalffaine 
the Orders And Regulacon Relating to the Ferry to Long Island And 
to Draw, up Suteable Order, for the future Managemt And A?5oinoda- 
tion thereof. And the Rates And Prizes, And to Lett the Same for 
Tenne of Years, by the Advise And Consent of the Mayor. Reserveing 
a Rent to [be] Annually Payd By Quarterly Payments for the Publique 
Use of this Citty. 

The Common Councell Adjourned till Saterday Seauennight 

[216] Citty of ) Reporte of the Committee Apoynted to 

New=Yorkef Enquire into y* Cittys Revenue And how Dis- 
posed 

In Persuance to An Order of y* Maya's Court 
And Common Councels of the Citty of New= 
Yorke bareing date the 14*^ ffeb: 1683, Wee 
under Written had Seuerall meetings And have 
Called the under named Persons to Ace** for the 
Revenues, By them Receiued for the Ace" of 
this Citty And Doe find the Same As followeth 
168^ i6*h 

Feb*T: Joseph Lee formerly haven Masf Being Called Utterly 
Denyed, tliat he hath Rcceinecl Any Dockage, Anchorage Or Any Other 
Moneys for the Cittyes AccH 

22 ffeb : Peter De Lanoy Produced an Ace** of Anchorage And Dock- 
age Sence 10 May to 3 x^f 1679 ^Y which Receiued £32 : 10 : 

And Saitli that he hath Acc*?^ for the Same w*t Governour Andross, 
Who Aproved of the Same, w^^ Acc*l wee haue ExaliTened And doe 
Alsoe Allow And Apfove thereof Provided M*" Lee, be Accomptable 
for the £28: 15 In Seuerall Articles Rec? by Governour Andros. his 
Order, 

Joseph Lee thereupon Sent for Owned to haue Receiued Seuerall 



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124 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Moneys from P : Delanoy but Saith he kept noe Acc^t of the Same, but 
hath discounted itt w*^ Gouemour Andross for his Salary & Paym*l 
to Workmen & is not able to giue Any furth' Acc^ thereof 
. [217] Thomas Coker Prduced an Ace" By which he Receiued for 

Dock money And Ankerage from Richard WelsH £24 : 3 : 6 

And for Dockmoney Receiued by him Selfe 

Since ii*? June 1682. till Aug»! 83 £50 : 2 : 6 

74 : 6 : = 

W*^t he hath Payd to Capt: Brockholes upon Ace", of Renewing the 
Bridge And Sayd Coker Charges for his Salary of Collecting the 
Same £12 : but Our Opinion is that A Salary of 10 ^ C* is Sufficient 
for Collecting of Dockage, 

Which Will Amount for M*^ Cokers Ace". £5 : « : - 

Out of w^l" must be detucted for Dockage 

By himselfe Receiued as P'' Acc*t £1 : 16 : - 

Remaines Due to M^ Coker £3 : 4 : = 

M^ John Westt Produced two Acc^ of Capt: W*? Dyre the One of 
Tweenty fift Noveinb^ 1680 And the Other of I2^t July 81, which hath 

Rec? for Dockage Ankerage fines etc by y* first £50 : 6 : 6 

And by the Second £25 16:4 

£75 : 12 : 10 

For which Sa} d Suinme Capt : Dyre Also Charges the Citty, And Bal- 
lances his Ace" By disbursin*? made by him, for the Cittyes Use And 
Eenefitt, but the Ace" of Perticulars not being giuen in to us. Wee 
Could not Proceed to Examaine, the: Same According to Order 

M^ Lucan Sanckton. his Ace" of Dockage Since 30*^ of Aug^t to 31*^ 
Decembf Wee doe Aprove of Amounting to the Summe of £7 : w^^ he 
is Reddy to pay upon Demand. 

[218] Thomas Smith y* Now Hauen master his Acc*t of Dockmony 
Since the i6*? Janu^'y to this Day Amounts to £1 : 10 : w^^l' he is Reddy 
to Pay 

And whereas, Wee find that Seuerall BoatrnV And Sloopes belonging 
to this Place Are in Arear of Paying their Dockmoney: Itt is Our 
Opinion that itt is Necessary that A Strict Enquirey be made therein. 
And the Errears Collected 

W*? Bogardus Promised to Produce A Receipt from M** Rombouts 
that he had Cleared the Acc^t* of this Cittv in the tvme of his Mavoraltv 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



"5 



And Deliuered further his Ace", to this Day By which he hath 

Rec? £i7o:«:3 

And By Seuerall Orders of the Rcspectiue Mayors of w^^ 

wee doe Aprove £158 :2 19 

Rests Due to the Citty £11 :i7:6 

deducted What shall be Allowed for Sallary for which he Charges att 
10 P' O Which Amounts to £15 :i6:3. 

M' Bogardus Alsoe Deliuered Ouer As Ac*! of Seuerall Persons w<=l» 
are Debfs to this Citty for A Taxation upon the houses of the year 
1680 who haue been unwilling to Pay the Same £135 : 2 : Item An 

Acc*{ of Arears of the Tax ATI? 1679 As P' Listt £43 :9:8 

Item gaue An Acc*t of Afeares of the Listt of the Treasurer P*ter 
Stoutenburgh deliuered to Cap* : Dyre w^^ Listt W*? Bogardus had not 
att Present in Redyness but Promised to Perfectt And Deliuer the 
Same In fourteen Dayes £106 : - : » : 

[219] Peter Stoutenburgh : The former Treasurer of this Citty wee 
find hath Qeared his Ace*! And was discharged from the Same by the 
Court of Mayo"" And Aldermen the 2p*^ [24th] ffeb*^y A? 1679 [-80] 
Dated In New-Yorke this 22*' ffeb^T A? 168^ : 

N : Bayard 

Peter Jacob Maritis 

G: Minviell 

p. . . Report of the Committee Apoynted to 

^ j!y . V Vein the Publique Workes And what Re- 

^ paires Necessary And the Charge &c ffeb»T^ 

23*^ 1683 [-4] 

Persewant To An Order to the Mayo*" Aldermen And CoHTon Coun- 
cell Bareing date the 14*^ Instant Apoynting us under written, As A 
Committee to fiele the Publique Workes Belonging to this Citty And w^ 
may be Necessary to be Repayred, And wt the Charge may be, doe 
Returne this under Written As our Report 

The Citty Hall) One New-Gutter, 50 good Pine) 

and Yarde V Boards for Doores And Windows f 

Glaseing the Windows & Masons worke £6- 

15 Posts II foott Long Each £ 

36 Rayles 10 foott Long Each £ 

300 Payles 6j4 foott Long Each £ 



18- 

9- 
18- 



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126 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The Wharfe 103 Beames 24 foot Long Each And Nine 

And Eleuen Inches Square £30 = 18 = 

46 Posts 12 foott Long 9 and 1 1 Square ^ 5 * I5 ' 

6000 Stockadoes 12 foott Long £24 = : 

The Markett 1500 of Inch Oake Plank 16 foott Each. . £5=5 = 
House 

£76=13 = 
To Workemens Wages 73 = 7 = 



£150 = 



^Jn? Laurance 
Nic: D Myer 
Giul : Verplank 
W? Cox 



[220] New=York SS Proclamation of the Gouern^ 

And Councell Against Offering 
Counterfitt Money 
Published the 23 : Day ffeb'T 1683 [-4] 

By The Govern* & Councell 

Whereas, Very Credible Informac^n is giuen by By Diuers Per- 
sons, that their are Seuerall false Coynes Counterfitting, Boston, Spanish, 
And Other Sorte of money w*=l* is A great Prejudice to this Province, 
It is therefore thought fitt And Ordered That if Any Person Or Per- 
sons, whatsoeuer within this Governm" shall Offer Any Such Coyne 
or Coynes of Counterfitt money that they or Any of them be forth- 
with Caryed before the Mayo*", One of the Aldermen, Next Justice 
of the Peace Or Lawfull Magistrate their to giue Sufficient Acc*t from 
whence he Or they Receiued the Same Or El5 to be Proceeded Ag«t 
According to Law, dated att Fortt James, The 20^ Day of ffeb"^ 
Annoq* Dom: 1683 [-4] 

Thomas Dongan 

To the Mayo^ And 

AldFmen of this Citty 

of New=York to be 

forth^>> Published 

Passed The Office 

Jm Spragg SecTy 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 127 

[221] CittyofNew= ^^^ Proceeding's Att A CoSTmon 

Yorke Councell March the first 1683 [-4] 

Att a Comoii Councell held for the Sayd Citty 
att the Citty Hall — On Saterday the first Day 
of March 1683 By the Mayor Recorder Alder- 
men And Comon Councell of the Sayd Citty 

The Orders Drawne up by the Committee Apoynted were Read And 
Aproved of And the Same ConTittee Apoynted to Compleat the Orders 
About the Markett house And Bread, Ag"^ next meeting 

The Comittee Apoynted to make A Listt of All the Barkes, Sloopes, 
Brigantines And Open Boates belonging to this Porte Returned A Listt 
theirof but Could not understand w^ vessells are in Areare for Dockage 
Ordered That M' Thomas Coker, Doe giue In An Imediat Acct of 
w* vessells And boates, Are in Areare for Dockage Dureing the tyme 
he Collected the Same, to M*" Alderm? Cox And M^ Peter Jacobs 
And they to make Report thereof the next Meeting 

The Committee Apoynted About the Ferry Returne they Cann find, 
noe former Regulac?5ils for the Same, And that the Present fefy man 
is Desirous to Leaue itt 

Ordered that M*" Alderman Pinhorne, M*" Aldenna? Cox And M*" 
Nic: Demyer, Doe Performe w^ the former Committee, was Ordered 
About the Ferry And make Reporte Att the Next Meeting 
[222] The Committee Apoynted to Con f err And Debate w*^ his 
Hon' the Gouem"^ Aboute Seuerall things Relateing to this Citty, Re- 
porte y* the Lycences And Bridgemoney Are under Consideration of 
the Gouemour And Councell And the Conditions On the Wharfe, 
Markett And ferry wholy taken off, The Gouern' Declareing they were 
not Intended Otherwise then for directions not as Tenure. 

Ordered That the Summe of Seven Pounds Tenn shillings ^ An- 
num be Payd by the Treasurer out of the Publique Revenue of this Citty 
to the Cryer And Marshall of this Citty for A Sallary By Quarterly 
Paym*? To Commence from this Day 

The Councell Adjourned till Saturday come Seuen Night 

A 'Listt of the Barkes, Sloopes 
Brigantines, And Open Boats 
Citty of New=York : Belonging to this Citty as Returned 

by the Comittee 
Apoynted to take the Same 
the in Day of March 1683 [-4] 
Pursuant To An Order from the Mayo'' And Aldermen And Com- 
mon Councell Bareing date the 23*? ffeb'y 1683 [-4! Apoynting us 



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128 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



underwritten As A Committee to make A Listt of all Barkques Sloopes 
And Open boates, Belonging to this Porte And to Enquire w* Vessells 
Are in Areare for their Dockage doe Returne this Underw[r]itten As 
Our [223] Reporte And Cannot Understand What Vessells Are in 
Areare 



Barkques 

The Dolphin 1 

The James 1 

Jacob Leysler 1 

Brigantines 

The Delaware Mercht 1 

John Stoutons 1 

ffredrick 1 



Sloopes 

Phridrick Philips 

JiP Debrowne 

j!P Josse 

Lucas Androus 

Suasa Burden 1 : 

W7 Merritt 1 : 

Martin : Cryger 1 : 

j!P Peete 1 : 

Thomas Lewis 1 : 

Nic : Garrett 1 : 

Georg Heathcott 2 : 

Capt : BrockhoUs 1 : 

Brant ScoyKs 1 : 

JiP Delavall 1 : 

Jacob Tyleer 1 : 

Johan? Beackm? 1 : 

Colt: Morris 1: 

ffrancis Richard*?" 

and W™ ff rampton 

JfP Potbaker '. 1: 

j!P Propoos 1 : 

The Starr 1 : 

Ja^om States 1 : 

AhtSm States 1 : 

Gabrill Tomson 1 : 

Jonat : Marsh 1 : 



2: 



Open Boats. 

Dirick Binson 

jTi^ Caspers 

Puin Coller 

Pef Demackleck 

ffridrick Philips 

Jii° Jn^son longodick. . . 

Christian Laureen 

JiP Depape 

Thomas Kickabull 

Laurance Wessells 

Com^? y« ffisher 

Aron Derrickson 

Derrick Denorman 

Jacob Abramson 

Lucas Mayer 

Cornel? Ploveere 

David Henrison 

JfP Sipkins 

Phredrick Henrison . . . . 

Peter Johnson 

j!P Roulefson 

AbrSm Jn?son 

Thophi^? Alsworte 

W« y« Miller 

Jacobus ffranson 

JW Garretts Drffrz 

Joos Carleson 

Dirrick Euerson floy^ . . 

Lucas Kerbtall 

JfP Cornelius 

Casten Leerson 

Jn? Demoree 

Harman JIT?son 

Cornel? Bulson 

Coll : Morris 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



129 



Jacob ffonson 

JIP Anderson .... 
Peter Brewer . . . . 

M^ Coale 

Elias Cornel^son . . 
H[u]mphery Clay 
W*? Richardson . . 

M*^ Hattan 

M' Hallet 



Ditto [Open Boats] 



Jn^ Wilson at Mad- 
mans Neck 

Jn*^ Suyn Staton: 
Island 



W"^ Cox 

Peter Jacob Marius 



[224] Citty of Nevv= <^« Warrant to W'" Bogardus 

Yorke, To Collect the Areares of the 

Taxation On houses the 3*^ March 1683 [-4] 

By The Mayo^ 

Whereas By the IMayo^ Aldermen And Common Councell mett to- 
gether in Common hall On Saterday y*^ 23*1* ffeb^y Last Past. It was 
Ordered that the Arenrs of the Taxacon On houses in this Citty in 
the tyme when Peter Stoutenburge was Treasurr And in the Year 16 
& Seuenty Nine And 1680 be forth w^t payd And Collected Amounting 
to £284 : II :8 And that RP W? Bogardus, be Impowered by War- 
rant from the Alayo'^ forthwith to Collect And Levy the Same These 
Are therefore in his Royall Highness Name to Apoynt Authorize And 
Impower you M^ W? Bogardus forthw^l^ to Ask Demand, Receiue 
Collectt And Levy of the Seuerall Persons in the List hereunto An- 
nexed Named the Seuerall Summes of money therein specified And 
y' you Render An Acc*^ of your proceedings therein to the Mayo' of 
this Citty And make Paym* of w\ you Shall thereupon Receiue Collect 
or Levy To that Treasur' by the first, of May next Ensueing the Date 
hereof, And if Any Person Or Persons, Shall Refuse, to make Payment 
of w^ therein Charged you Are to Levy the vSame by Distress. On his 
or their goods, And Chattells which to be disposed of, to Satisfie the 
Same, And for your Soe Doeing this Shall be A Sufficient Warrant. 
Giuen under my hand Att New= Yorke this 3*^ Day March 1683 [-4] 



Vol. I. -9 



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130 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[225] Cittyof New= ^^ The Mayo^ And Aldcrmens Adress to 
Yorke, the Gouern^ Aboute East Jersey March v« 

7*1" i683[-4] 

To the Right Honourable Colt : Thomas 
Dongan Lieutenant Governour And Vice 
Admirall under his Royall Highness of 
New= Yorke And Dependencyes And the 
Councell 

The Hmble Adress of the Mayo*" And Aldermen 
of his Royall Highness Citty of New=Yorke 
Shewetli That The Naturall Scituation of y' Island Being Conven- 
ient for Trade And Navigation y^ Predecessers of his 
Royall Highnesse, were pleased to Publish And bestow many Priv- 
iledges, And franchises upon Such as would Come Settle And Inhabitt 
there for the Propogation And Increase of Trade The which hath been 
Confirmed by Cott Nicolls And his Roy^ Highness Successiuc Gov- 
crn'^s, w*^? gaue. Encouragmt to the Inhabitants of this Citty, To Trans- 
plant themselues from their Natiue Countrey hopeing thereby to Pro- 
mote his Royall Highness Dominion and Intfest Trade And Navigation 
Being the Convenientest Suportc of Dominion. All States haueing 
flowerished under its Improvements & by that maxim the Inhabitants of 
this his Royall Higness Citty were Induced w*^ uncessant Labour 
great Charge And Expence to Cultivate the Barren Soyle, And Suply 
Some Naturall Defects of the place, with Art And Industry for the 
Conveniency, And Accomodacon of Trade And Shipping, hopeing that 
this there Endeav'^s [226] for the Advancemi of their Princes 
Honour would haue Brought great Proffite to his Royall Higheness, 
And Encouraged our Posterity to Improve the Same, Methods, which 
w%ut: Doubt, would haue been Accomplished, if the Unhappy Sep- 
eration of East Jersey had not Occured w*^!? must necessSrly Diverte 
the Trade of this Province^ As this Years Experiance doth Sufficiently 
Demonstrate, The Partes w^^t* before Brought Considerable Yearly 
Trade, To this Citty, being not Only furnished. And Supplyed By their 
Imediate Traffique And Commerce to And from Efope, And Other 
Partes, w%ut Paying the Dutyes And Accknowledgm*? Due And Pay- 
able to his Royall Highness, Or Observeing what Required by the Acts 
of Navigation, And Regulating the Plantacon Trade but much of the 
Produce of the Remainder of this his Royall Highness Province, by 
Reason of their Neer Scituation, is Drawed to them And the Indian 
Trf.de w^? befor^e was of Considerable, Benefitt And Advantage to 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 131 

this Citty is Likwise Removed thither, to the great Loss Hinderance; 
And Decay of our Trade, In General And of the Liuely hoods & Mayn- 
tainance, of many of our Inhabitants besides the ApSrant Loss Preju- 
dice And Spoyl of his Royall Highness Revenues of the w^t being 
TrHly Sencible 

Wee doe humbley Suplycate your Hono^ That as you haue Regard, 
to his Royall Highness, Intfest, And Proffitt, you would Represent the 
Same, unto his Royall Highness In behalfe of this Citty, And Desire 
that East- Jersey, may be ReAnnexed to this Province Againe; By 
Purchase Or Other wayes, Else his [227] Royall Highness Revenue 
will not be Able to suporte the Gouer[n]mt the whole Trade of the 
Provinc[e] will Decay And the Adjacient Parts flowerish By Our 
Ruines, wee Alsoe humbly begg your hon*" would be Pleased to Pardon 
the Imperfections of this Adress, And Excuse this Method, being 
moved by noe other mind then Dutyfull Affection to the Hon^ and 
Intrest of his Royall Highness, And the welfare of this Citty And 
Province, 

March the 7*^ 1683/4 

Signed By Corn^? Steenwick May°^ 
James Graham, Recordr 
Nic: Bayard 
W^ Pinhorne 
Guill^ Verplank 
W? Cox 

Citty New=) Proceedings att A Common Councell 

Yorke j March the 8^^ 1683 [-4] 

Att A CoITion Councell held for the 
Sayd Citty att the Citty Hall On Saturday 
the 8 Day of March 1683 By the Mayo*" 
Recordor Aldermen And Common Coun- 
cell of the Sayd Citty 

Ordored, That if Any of the Aldermen or Comon Councell Shall be 
Absent when the Mayo'' Takes the Chaire After the Ringing of the 3** 
Bell. And shall not giue Sufficient Reason, or Cause for the Same, Shall 
Pay the Summe of three Shillings 

The Qjmittee Apoynted About the Ordor And y« Arlares of Dock- 
age not haueing finished w* directed haue Longor tyme till the Next 
meeting to take their Reporte ; [228] The Comittee Apoynted About the 
ferry not haueing Drawed up Ordors And Regulations As Ordered; 



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132 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



haue tyme till the next metting to finish the Same And make Reporte 
the next Meeting. 

The Councell Adjourned till Thurs=Day : next the 13^'.^ of Instant 

The Councell not being Compleate Seuerall of the Coftlon Councell 
being not of Towne the Meeting Deffered till Saturday y^ is'l" Instant 
by 9 in the Morning ; 

Resolues of the Gouernour And Coun- 
Citty of New=York \- cell. On the Conferrence with the Comittee 

Apoynted to Debate About Seuerall Rights 
And Priviledges Belonging to the Citty &c, 
March 13^^ 1683 

Att A Councill held in New=York 

March the i^ 1683/4 P^sent &c 
The Gouernour &c 

In Answer to what M*" Recorder Ald^man Bayard Ald^man Pin- 
home, And M*" Laurance Desired in A Conference And Debate with the 
Gouerno** itt was Resolucd; 

That where the Boates are Built According to A former Proposall. 
then noe Other Conditions are Required. 

And when the Wharfc is Repaired the Other Conditions shall be 
tooke Away 

As for the Lycences A full Answer hath Already been giuen 
[229] The Bridgemoney is Granted to the Towne upon the CoTTTod- 
ityes, that Are there named Viz: Beefe Porke, Flower Bread, Oyle 
Horses, Gotten, Syder Molasses And Pease 

And the Rates to be Layd On them Are to be Brough[t] before the 
Gouern'" And Councell, for their Aprobation And All Other goods not 
Paying Customes Are to be Proposed And Left to the Gouern^ And 
Councell for Consideracon 

By Order in Councell ]n^ Spragg Serc^ 

/-• XX r XT Tr 1 ( Proceedings in Common Councell &c 
Citty of New=York ^ ,, , . ti, /-o r n 

•^ I March the 15^^ 1683 [-4] 

Att A CoTITon Councell held for the 
Sayd Citty att the Citty Hall On Saturday 
the 15*1' Day of March 1683 

By the Mayo** Recordor, Aldermen And 
Common Councell. of the Sayd Citty 
Seuerall Lawes, And Ordors, being twice openly Read, in Common 
Hall, were Agreed Assented to & Enacted And Published Accordingly. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 133 

The Comittee Apoynted to make An Acc't of what Vessells are in 
Areare for Dockage, haueing; made Retume of Seuerall Boates Soe 
Indebted, Ordered that the Presentt hauen Master; doe forthwith to 
Collectt. And Levy the Same. And the Dockage for the Last Years 
Date from all the Vessells Sloops, and Boats, belonging to this Citty 
for w*^? to haue A warrant, from the Mayo**, And to haue two Shillings 
in the Pound for w^ he Shall Soe Receiue, And make Payment to the 
Treasurer for the use of this Citty 

The Ordors And Regulations for the ferry being Returned by the 
Committee was Read And Aproved [230] off, Capt: Nicolls comeing 
And Acquainted the Common Councell. That itt was the Gouern^s de- 
sire that Some flower Seized belonging to Gabriel Tomptson might be 
Released, Resolued y^ Mr Bayard Mr Pinhorne and Mr Robinson 
doe weight On his Hon^ the Governour, to Acquaint him of the Rea- 
son of their Proceedings, And that when the Law, is Passed his Desire 
may be Complyed with. 

The Ordor for the Dock. Mold And Bridge were Read, and M*" Re- 
cordor And Mr Alderm? Bayard Apoynted to Draw up the Regula- 
tions for Bridgemony 

M"" Merritt to Consider About the fferry And to giue his Answer, in 
writeing to the Mayo*" On Tuesday next ; 

The Hall Adjourned till this Day Seuen Night ; 

Citty of New : York SS Att A Common Councell held in the 

Citty Hall of the Citty of New=Yorke the 
1 5'!? Day of March In the 36^"? Year of the 
Reigne of our Sovereigne Lord Charles 
the Second, by the grace of God of Eng- 
land Scottland firance And Ireland. King 
Defends of the faith &c And in the year of 
our Lord 1683 [-4]. Before M^ Cornelius 
Steenwyck Mayo^ the Recordor, Aldermen 
And CoMon Councellmen of the Sayd Citty 
For the good Rule And Gouernm* tliereof 

These following Lawes and Ordors were made Ordained, And 
Enacted Viz. 

[231] For the Due Observance of the Lords Day 

Ordered That noe manner of Serviel worke be done On the Lords 
Day (workes of Piety Charity or Necessity Excepted.) nor Any goods 
Bought or Sold On that day within this Citty or Libertyes thereof 



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134 :^nXUTKS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

under the Penalty of Tenn Shilling for the first Offence. And for 
Euery Offence After double that Summe. 

That noe Children Youthes niayds or Other Persons whatsoeuer, 
Doe meett together On the Lords Day in Any the Streetes or Places, 
within this Province Citty or Lyberties thereof And their sporte Play 
make noyse or Disturbance, under the Penalty Of One Shilling for 
Each offence, 

That noe Publique houses Tapphouses Or Ordynaries within this 
Citty, And Lybertys thereof doe suffer their Doores to be kept Open Or 
Doe Entertaine Or Receiue, Any Company, into their houses And to 
them Sell Any kind of Wine or Other Liquors, On the Lords Day, in 
Tyme of Devine Service or Preaching (unless to Strangers, Travellers 
or those that Lodge in Such houses, for their necessary Refreshm".) 
And noe keeper of Such Publique house Tapphouse or Ordinary, is att 
Any tyme to Suffer, Any Kxccssiue Drinking, or Persons to be drunke 
in their houses, under the Penality of Tenn shillings, for Each Offence 

That noe Negro or Indian Slaucs, Aboue the Number of four, doc 
Assemble or meet together On the Lords Day or att x\ny Other tyme 
att Aft Any Place, from their Masf^s Service within [the City] And the 
Libertyes thereof, And that noe such [232] Slaue doe goe Armed att 
Any tymes with gimns, Swords, Clubs, Staues Or Any Other kind of 
weapons \\i Soeuer, under the Penalty of being whipped att the Pub- 
lique whipping poste Tenn Lashes, unless the master or Owners of 
Such Slaue will Pay Six Shillings to Excuse the Same 

That One of the Constibles, in the fine wards On the South side of 
the fresh water, doe by Turnes, Successiuely On Each Lords Day 
in tyme of Divine Seruice, And Preaching walk through the Seuerall 
Streets, And Lanes of this Citty, with his Staffe And See that the 
Ordors, before written be Duely Observed And kept. And to that End 
he is Likwise to Enter, into all Or Any Publique houses Tapphouses 
or Ordinaryes, And if Any Company or Persons Shall be found therein 
or Drink Sold Contrary to the Ordors Afores^ he is to make Com- 
plaint. And Presentm*^ thereof, that the Penaltyes, may be Inflicted 
Accordingly 

That All Bakers or Other Person or Persons whatso- 
Flower euer, as within this Citty or the Lybertys thereof. Shall 
make Pack & Dispose to Saile Any flower Shall before De- 
liuery or Paym*t thereof Brand his Or their Markes On All the Cask, 
w*^^ he or they Shall Soe Sell And Deliuer und'' the Penalty of Six Shil- 
lings for Each Cask, as Shall be Sold and Deliuered unbranded As 
Aforesayd 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 135 

[233] That noe flower [be brought], Into this Citty or the Lybertics 
thereof from Any Other Place wtsoeuer, Against the formor Ordors, 
Rights Priviledge And Usage of this Citty, under the Penalty of 
forfeiture 

That the Constable of Each ward And Division within 
Straxgkrs, this Citty, And Libertyes thereof doe from tyme to tyme, 
make A Strict Se.irch, And Enquirey: within there 
Seuerall wards, and Diuisons After All Strangers, that Shall Come Re- 
side or Inhabitt, within their Sayd wards or Dini5ion[s] And giuc A 
List And AccH of their names to the mayo^ or in his Absence; to the 
Eldest AkKman, that further Examination, may be made And Ordor 
taken therein, to Saue this Citty from Charge 

That if Any Stranger or Strangers, whatsoeuer, shall att Any tyme 
hereaff Come into Any the wards or Divisions of this Citty And 
Lybertyes thereof And Shall there Reside And Inhabitt, by tlie Space 
of forty Daves. And A List Or Acc^t of their Names, Shall not before 
that tyme, be giuen to the Mayo*" or Eldest Aldlman, As Aforesayd, 
By the Constable of Such Ward or Diuision, And Any Charge Doe 
fall On this Citty thereby, Such Charge shall be Perticularly Bourne 
and Defrayed, by that ward or Diuision Vvhcrein Such Stranger, Or 
Strangers, Shall Soe Reside and Inhabitt As aforesayd. And the Con- 
stable for his Neglect, shall forfeit And Pay the Summe of Tweenty 
Shillings 

[234] That all And Euery keeper of Publiquc houses Taphouses or 
Ordinaryes, within this Citty or Libertyes, thereof, that Shall Receiue, 
Any Person or Persons to Lodge, or Sojourne in there houses Aboue 
two Dayes, Shall before the third Day After his Or their Comeing 
thether giue giiie knowledge to tlie Constable of the v/ard or Division 
where Such Person or Persons Shall be Soe Receiucd of the Name 
Surname Dwelling place, Proffession And Trade of Life And Place 
of Service, of all Such Person Or Persons, and for what Cause he or 
they Came to Reside there And noe keeper of Such PuMicjue houses 
Tapphouses Or Ordinaryes, Are to Lodge or Sojourne in their houses 
Any Suspected Persons, or men Or Women of Euill Name under the 
penalty of Tenn shillings for Each Offence 

That there be Tweenty Carmen And noe more, Apoynted 
Carmen And Allowed by thelVIayo^ And Court of Aldermen, for the 
Servise of this Citty, And that none doe Serve in that Com- 
pany for hire or wages but who Shall be Soe Apoynted, And Allowed 
That the Carmen Apoynted for this Citty Shall and doe fill up Amend 



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136 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

And Repair the Breaches in the Streets, And Highwayes in And About 
this Citty when Required by the Mayo*", Gratis, That the Sayd Carmen 
Shall and Doe weekly, On Euery Satterday in the Afternoone Carry 
And Cart the dirte out of all the Streetes And Lanes, within this Citty 
[235] Citty And Convey the Same, to Some Convenient place where the 
Same, Shall be Apoynted to be Levyed, Provided the Sayd Dyrte be 
first Swept together or Loaden Or Putt into their Carts by the Owne'^s 
or Tenants of the house before w^t the Same Lyeth, That the Sayd Car- 
men Are to haue And Receiue noe more for A Load to Any Place, 
within the gates of this Citty then three pence, unless for Wines, 

Lime Pantiles Bricks (when Piled in their Carte, And great Cables 
Requiring Long tyme and Care to Load and unload, they Are to haue 
Six pence for Each Load And for Carting Cord wood from y^ Boate to 
the Place of Cording, And After Corded to the Owners, house Ono 
Shilling And Six pence And from the Boate to the Own^s house di- 
rectly if not Desired to be Corded One Shilling for Each Cord And 
Soe Proportionably, And for Each Load As they Shall Cary to Any 
Other place, without the gate of this Citty that is to Say to the further 
luid of the Smithes Flye Or Any Part thereof double that Rate And 
Each Cord of Wood the Lyke 

That the Sayd Carmen Should Carry good And Sufficient Loads, 
Tlmt is to Say as much As Can be Conveniently Stoyed On their Carts, 
And is Reasonable for A horse to Draw 

That noe Carmen doe Ryde upon their Carts in Any of the Streets 
or Lanes, within this Citty 

That when Any Corne Or Other goodes, is brought in the Ferry 
Boate to this Citty the Carmen Are Imediatly to unload, And Dispatch 
the Same And if Any Corne And Meal be in Any Boate [236] Boate 
they Are with all Possible Speed to unload And house the Same before 
Other worke Done. 

All the Sayd Ordors Are to be Ol^served And kept by the Carmen 
of this Citty und*" the Penalty of Six Shillhig, for the first Offence 
tweenty Shillings, for the Second And for the third to be put out of 
their Places 

All the<r Sayd Carmen Are to behaue them Selves Ciuilly to All 
Persons, And be Carefull of all goodes they Are Imployed to Carry, 
And if Any hurt or Damnage happen to Any goods or merchtdize what- 
soeuer while und*" their Charge through their fault. Neglect Or Want 
of Care they Are to make Satisfaction for the Same 

That noe Negro Or Other Slaue doe Driue Any Any Carte within 
this Citty under tlic Penalty of Tweenty Shilling, to be payd by the 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



137 



Owner of Such Slaue for Each Offence, (Brewers Drayes or Carriages 
for Beer, Only Excepted) 

That noe Person Or Person [s] Whatsoeuer within this 
Ffreemen Citty or Libertyes Doe keep Shop And Sell Any Goodes or 
wares. By Retaile or Exercise Any handicraft Trade Or 
(Occupation but Such as. Are Freemen thereof Or Soe Admitted by the 
mayo*" or Court of Aldermen for the tyme being, under Penalty of fine 
Pounds for Each offence, And All Persons hereafter to to be made 
ffree, Shall Pay as foUoweth, Euery Merch^ Trader, or Shop Keeper, 
the Summe of three Pounds Twelue Shillings And Euery Handi Craft 
man One Pound four Shilling, On being made free As aforesayd for 
the use of this Citty, 

That if Freeman Shall be Absent out of this Citty [2^7] By tiic 
Space of Twelue monthes, And not keep fire And Candle, And Pay 
Scott And Lott, he Shall Loose his Freedome 

That noe Caraine, guts Garbidge Oystersliells, Ashes Or 
Streetes Any Other kind of Dyrte or filth, whatsoeuer that may gpuc 
Annoyance, be throwne into Any of the Streetes, within this 
-Citty, und*^ the Penalty of three Shilling, And All Persons within this 
Citty Are On Euery Saturday moniing, when the Season of the Year 
And the weather will Permitt to Clean the Streetes. And Sweep the 
Dyrte before their houses, into heaps And Cause the Same to be Loadin 
And put into the Carts, w*^? are Apoynted to Carry Away the Same 
Under the Lyke Penalty. 

That noe Person or Persons Shall Or Doe Shutt Any Gunn Or 
Pistoll in the Streete, for Wager Or Otherwise, nor through or Cast 
Any Stone there under the Penalty, of three Shillings 

That none but Such as are Lyccnsed, Due 
Retayi.ers of Liquors Presume to keep Publique houses, Or Sell 

Any wine beer or Other Liquors, by Retayle 
<)r A Less Quantity then fine gallons, within this Citty or the Libertyes 
thereof under the Penalty of fine Pounds 

That there be Sworne Survey ^s Apoynted for this Citty 
SuRVEY'^s by whose Advise And Directions, the ground within this 
Citty Shall be Built And that none doe Build Before the 
front of their ground he [be] Rec^ & And Layd out by them, AmJ as 
they Shall Direct That A Regular Ordor, And Uniformity may be kept 
and Observed in the Streetes. And Buildings And y' none Pane before 
their houses, but in Such [2sS]SucJi manner, As Apoynted by the Sayd 
Surveyors, And that for Laying out of Each house Lott, And giueing 



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138 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Certificate thereof the Sayd Surveyors Shall haue and Receiue from 
the Owner, thereof the Sumnie of Six Shilling 

That from and After the first Day of Sept'^'" next Ensucing 
Wood noe fire wood Shall be Imported or Exported to Saile in this 
Citty, but Such as are, Shall be Cutt After the manner of 
Cordwood And Sold by the Coard Accordingly w^l' Cord is to Con- 
teyne, Eight foot in Length four foott in higlitli, And four foot in 
Breadth, under the penalty of Forfeiture, 

That, untill A Perticular Place Shall be for that Purpose, Made 
And Apoynted, the Strand between the Weighhousc, And the Ct)rner 
of James Matthcwes: And the X'acant ground before Air Van Urugli, 
And the Smiths Fly Are the Places Apoynted for fire wood to he 
Brought to And Coarded 

That the Porters of this Citty be Apoynted to be Corders of Sayd 
wood and Deterniine Any Difference therein that Arise between the 
Buyer, and Seller, And are to haue for w* they or Either of them Shall 
Coard four pence half penny %^ Coard to be payd by the Seller of the 
Sayd wood. 

That from And After the first Day of Oct'^^ next Ensueing 

Cask all Caske, used for any Liquor's fish Beef Porke, Oyle or Other 

Comodityes to be ]>ut to Sale within this Citty or Lyl)ertys 

thereof Shall be att London Assise that is to Say, for P.ccr the liarrell 

to Conteyne thirty Six gallon 

[239] The Kilderkin or halfe Barrell Eighteen gallons The Ferkin 
Or Quarter of A Barrell nine gallons for Porke Hcef Fish Or Oyle, 
the Barrell to Conteyn Thirty On[e] gallons and halfe 

And of Sound and well Seasoned Timber, and yl fitt Persons, Shall 
be Apoynted from tym.e To tyme, by the Mayo*' and Court of AkUmen, 
to gage all Such Vessells or Cask, And Such as Shall be found of 
Due Assize Shall be marked with the Gagers marke, who Shall haue 
for his Paines four pence, %? Tunn, And Every Cooper within this 
Citty Shall haue A Distinct Brand Mark on his Owne Cask upon the 
Penalty of Tweenty Shilling and whosoeuer shall Put to Sale Any 
New=Cask being Defectiue Either in workman Ship Timber Or Assize 
as aforesayd upon due Proofe made thereof before the Mayo"^ and 
Court of Aldermen he shall forfeit Such Cask and be Lyable to A fine 
not Exceeding fine pounds 

That A fitt Person Or Persons be Apoynted from tyme 

Packers : to time, to be Pack^s of Beef Porke, fish or Other goodes. 

Committed to their Care, who Are to See that Casks, the 

Same is Packed in be of/ True iVnd full Assize, And to Pack the Same 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 139 

in Any Other Cask wtsoeuer, under the Penalty of Tenn shilling, That 
the Sayd Packer doe take Care And See that Beef and Pork be Packed 
The whole halfe or Quarter and Soe Proportionably, that the best be 
not Left out, And for fish that itt be Packed all of One Kind and that 
all Cask Soe Packed be full and Sound and well Seasoned and doe Sett 
his Seal on all Cask he Shall Soe Pack, And for his Paynes and trouble 
therein he shall Receiue of the Own^s or Persons y" [240] Persons that 
Imployed him to Pack the Same fFower shilling Pr Tunn, And if Any 
Beef Pork Or fisli in Cask Shall [be] Putt to Sale w^Hn this Citty not 
being marked w ':■ the gagers & packers marke as aforesayd he sliall 
1 jrfeit the Say^i i^KJils y^ put them Soe to Sale 

That Persons be Annually Apoynted by the Mayo^ 
To Prevent and Aldermen to be Viewers and Search'^s, of Chimnys 
FIRE & fire heartlies and to make Complant and Presentm". 

where they find the Same Defectiue to the Court of 
Alayo** and Ald^men who are to Ordor the Same, to be mended and 
Repayred or in default to Punish the Offend^s by fine not Exceeding 
Tweenty Shillings for Each Default 

That noe Person or Person or Persons, doe Lay any Hay Straw. Or 
Other Combustable matter w*Hn their dwelling houses, in this Citty or 
Places Adjoyning to the Same, but att Distance from : their houses, and 
the Streetes, 

That Provision be made for hookes, Loddors & Bucketts, to be kept 
in Convenient Places, w^Hn this Citty for Avoyding the Perrill of fire 

That if any Person shall Suflfer his Chimny to be On fire, he Shall 
Pay the Summe of fiueteen Shill : 

That noe Person Or Persons wtsoeuer, w*Wn this Citty 
NegrUs &c & Lybertyes thereof doe harbour Entertaine or Counte- 
nance Any Negro, or Indian Slaue in there houses, or 
otherwise or Sell or Deliuer to them Any wine Rumm or Other Strong 
Liquor w^Jout Leauve from there Mast^ Or Receiue or take from, them 
Any mony or Other goods. On Any Other Acc*t wtsoeuer, but upon 
any oflfer. Desire Or Attempt made by [241] Any Such Slaue, Soe to 
doe they Are forthwith to Reviel the Same, to the Master Or Owner, 
of Such Slaues, or to the Alayo'' of this Citty or Eldest Alde''man und^ 
the Penalty of fine pounds 

That Tuesday Thursday and Saturday in Each week 

Markett: be and Are hereby Apoynted Markett dayes, in this Citty 

for the Exposeing to Sale att the Markett house all 

Butchers meat, and flesh whatsoeuer, That is to Say On Tuesday & 

Thursday fr?T: Eight to twelue of the Clock in the forenone and On 



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I40 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Saturday the Same time in the forenoone and from two to four, of tlie 
Clock in the Afternoon for tlie Markett Shall be Opened, and Shut by 
the Ringing of the Citty Bell, att the times Aforesayd before And After 
w'^t Ringing of the Bill, noe butchers meate, or victualls is to be 
iLxposed to Sale in the Sayd ]\Iarkett. und^ the Penalty of forfieture 

That fish Butter Cheese Eggs Poultrey fruite Rootes, and herbs, 
may be Sold Euery Day in the week att Any time in th[is] or other 
Convenient places, That noe Person Shall Forestall Any Provisions 
or Victualls Comeing to the ^larkett, as to buy in Any Private or 
Other Place then the Alarkett under Paine of forfeiture of the Same, 
whether itt be found in the hands of the buyer or of the Seller, 

Noe Person Shall Ingrosse any Provisions or Victualls w^^ is 
in the Markett, or buy in the Markett to Retaile there Againe, Es- 
pecily Such as be knowne for hucksf? Butchers, or Other People Oc- 
cupying their Liueing By Such Provision or Victuall as they Shall soe 
Engrosse und** Payne of forfieture of Such Provision and \^ictuall 
Soe Engrossed. 

Noe Butter Cheese or Other Provision Sold by weight [242] 
Weight shall be Sold but According to the weight Established 

Noe Huckster Shall Engrosse any Poultrey Eggs or f^esh Butter 
Comeing to the Markett under payne of forty Shillings 

Noe unwholesome or Stale Victuall Shall be Sold in the Markett 
und** the Payne of forty Shilling Noe Blowne meat nor Leprous Swine 
Shall be Sold in the Markett. under the Paine of forfieting the Samo 
and forty Shilling. 

That there be A Person Apoynted by the Mayo^ and AUKmen. to be 
Clerk of the Market who is to take Care that the Aboue Ord^'s Are 
(luely Observed, and Present Deffaults and Sett out and Apoynt. Con- 
venient Bearth Stales and Standings for all Persons, that Come to the 
Markett tliat the Ord^s Relateing to the markett Shall not be put in 
Execution untill y^ week After Easter, when the Same is to be duely 
Observed, and kept. 

That the Mayo^ and Aldermen, for the tyme being, doe 
Bread Once Euery 3 monthes, or Oftener if they See Cause A[s]- 
Certaine and Establish, the Value and Assize of Bread to be 
Sold by the Bak^s. in this Citty and Cause the Same to be publiquly 
fixed On the Citty hall that all persons may take notice thereof and 
Likewise to Apoynt fitt Persons, to be Viewers of bread to Inspect the 
goodness, thereof and See y\ y^ Same be of full and Due Assize, and all 
Baku's are to make their bread good and According to the Assize Soe 
Established under the Penaltv of forfieture of all Such Bread as Shall 



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X 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 141 

be found not to be good or want of the due Assize as aforesayd & 
tweenty Shill : fine for Each [243] Offence, That the sheriff Constables 
and Other Officers of this Citty, doe take Care and Look After, the due 
Observance and Execution of these Lawes, and Ord^'s and make Com- 
plaint, and Presentm^ of the Breach thereof and all the fines, Penaltyes 
and fofietures, ariseing thereby Shall be Disposed off in manner fol- 
lowing, that is to Say two thirds to be Payd to y*^ Treasurer for the Use 
of the Citty and One third to the Sayd Sherrifl Constables or Other 
Offices y* Shall Complaine, or Present the Same, Except the third of 
all fines, and forfietures Relateing. to the Markett to belong to the 
Clerk of the Markett Only. 

These Lawes and Ord^s haueing 

been Openly Read in Comon 

Councell were Agreed & 

Assented to and Ord^ed to 

be Published ^ ^ ^ ^r * 

CoRXEL? Steenwyck Mayo* 

Att A meeting of the Mayo^ Record*" 
Citty of New= SS & Aldermen att the Citty Hall the if^ day 

Yorke of March 1683 [-4] 

An Adress and Petition was drawn up and Agreed to be Presented 
to his honf the Gouern'' Praying Confirmation of the formor Orders, 
Prohibiting Boulting mills, or flower or Bread to be made in any Other 
Parts of the Province or Importing into this Citty undor Penalty of 
forfieture 

Upon the Pitition of Gabriel Tomptson Ordored y* the flower, 
Seized be discharged he Satisfying y*^ Offices, for their Charge and 
Trouble about Seizeing the Same 

[244] Citty of New=Yorke : SS 

The Mayo^ and Aldermen their Adress 
to the Gouernour, for confirmation, of the 
former Ord^s Prohibiting flower ; or Biskett 
to be made for Exportacon but in this Citty 

To the Right Honourable Coll : Thomas 
Dongan Lieu! and Goue"^ Generall and Vice 
Admirall und'" his Royall Highness of 
New=Yorke and Dependencyes in America 



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MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The Humble Adresse and Petition of the 
Mayo'" and Aldermen of the Citty of New= 
York 
Shewetii That for many yea res Pastt. Euen from the first Settle- 
ment, of the Gouernm*^ Noe flower or Biskett was, Boulted 
made or Packed for Sale or Transportation, but in this Citty untill About 
the [years] 1679 & 1680, The Inhabitants of Albany and Some Other 
Parts, of the Province, took upon them, to Sett up Boultin.g Mills and 
Boult make and Pack flower and Bread. The Inconveniency of which 
Presently Apearing, both by Complaints att home and frU Abroad, of 
Bad and 111 Flower, soe made and Transported, and that the Same was 
both Prejudicial! to Countrey men and merch^? diverting them fr^: 
their more Perticular Imployes and Concenies, And Hurtful! to the 
generall trade of the Province and of this Citty in Perticular Scue^a!! 
orders were made and Published by the then. Gouern*" and Councel! 
Proliibiting, any Bolting mills, or flower or Bread, to be made for Sa!e 
or Transportation in any Place tliroughout this Province but in this 
Citty Only, nor noe flov/er, or Bread to be [245] Imported into this 
Citty from Any Other Parte of tlie Province under the Penalty of for- 
fieture The w*^? Ordors w^ere Put in Execution and Obserued Accord- 
ingly 

wee doe therefore humbly Pray your Hon^ that the Sayd Ordors, 
may be Confirmed, Renued and Constituted By your Honor under the 
Same Penalty and Ristraccon and if any Persons Shal! or Doe Pre- 
sume to OflFend Contrary thereto, all Such flower Or Bread may be 
Seized and Condemned Accordingly 

And for your Hon'" wee Shal! Pray &c 
Dated att the 
Citty Ha!! y« 
1 7*1' March 1683 [-4] 

Citty of New - York SS Ordors of the Councel! in Answer to the 

Adresse of the ly^^ Past alx)ute flower 

Att A Counce!! held in New- York 

the i8^? March 1683/4 
Presentt 

The Goverxour &c 

The Petition of the Mayo^ and Aldermen being this day Read in Coun- 
cell, and therein Setting forth that for many yeares, Pastt noe flower, 
or Biskett was Bolted made Or Packed for Sale or Transportation but 
in this Citty &c, The Gouemour gaue in Answer, that he had A Very 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 14, 

great Estceme for yett he was not Oblidged, Soe much to take notice 
of w". Ordors his Predecessers, had made in itt, as of Reasons for the 
Inconveniency of Bringing flower, to this Citty of New^Yorkc and 
Desired he might haue Reasons att Large why there Should be Any 
Prohibition for bolting any there but in this Citty, that Soe he might 
Proceed upon the most Reasonable methods, for the l^ffectuall Pre- 
venting of the Same. 

By Order in Councell 
Jn? Spragg Sn'y 

[246] Citty of New= ^<. Att A Common Councell held for the S*^ 

Yorke Citty att the Citty hall. On Saturday, y« 22^ 

Day of march 1683 By the Mayo"" Ald^men 

and Common Councell of the Sayd Citty 

The Ordors About the Porte Mould Dock and Bridge of the Citty, 

were Read and Aproved and Ordered to be Fairly Writt. that they may 

be Presented to his Hon'' the Gouernour for his Aprobation, A writeing 

being Drawne up, to Represent to his HonF the Gouernr the Abuse 

of tlie Inhabitants, by Stick wood and w\ Course was taken, to Remedy 

the Same, for his Aprobation. was Aproved off. and Ordered to be 

Presented to y* Gouernour, Accordingly, Ordered that the Mayo*" & 

Mr Laurance, doc weight on the Gouernour w*V the Aboue mentioned 

Papers ; 

The Councell Adjourned till Sater 
Day Come Seuen night. 

Orders, For the Fortt, mould Docke 
Citty of XewsYork : SS and Bridge Presented to the Guernour were 

as followeth. Viz* 
That all Ships Or V^essells not belonging to this Port 
Anchorage Shall Pay for Anchorage as formerly, That is to Say A 
Vessell Comeing to Anchor in the Roade if of Tenn 
Tunns, or und'^ One Shilling, If Aboue Tenn Tunns, to Tweenty, two 
Shillings And Soe Proportionably, One Shilling, for Euery Tenn 
Tunns more. 

That all Vessells Sloopes, and Open Boates, belonging 
Dockage [247] Belonging to this Porte, Doe Pay for Lyeing within 
the Dock or mould yearly, That is to Say A Vessell or Boate 
of One Tunn, to fiue Tunns, Six Shillings If aboue fine Tunns, to 
Tenn Tunns, Nine Shilling If Aboue Tenn Tunn to fiueteen. Twelue 
Shill : if Aboue fiueteen to Tweenty fiue, Tweenty Shillings, if Aboue 
Tweenty fiue to fifty, Thirty Shilling, If aboue fifty Tunns, Fifty Shill: 



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144 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

All Ships or Vessells not belonging to this Porte and that Come 
within the mould or Dock Shall Pay for Euery Voyage, they Lyeing 
nott Longer then One Month. That is to Say A vessell of Tenn Tunns : 
or undf Six Shillings, If Aboue Tenn Tunns, if Ahoiie Tenn Tunn, to 
Tweenty, Twelue Shilling, If Aboue Tweenty Tunns, to Thirty, Eigh- 
teen Shillings if Aboue thirty to fifty, to One Hundred Tunns and up- 
wards, thirty Shilling and if they Lye Aboue One Month, to Pay Pro- 
portionably, and soe for Euery month 

That noe Vessell wtsoeuer, doe Lye in the mouth of the 
Dock dock, within the mould, or neer the bridge in Inconvenient 
places, nor Longer then A Convenient tyme, for Loading k 
unloading. Except in Winter Or Occasioned by Stress, of weather, And 
if by Accident any Vessell be runn Aground in the mouth of the Dock, 
they are Imediatly to Remoue, as Soone as Afloote und'' the Penalty 
of Six Shilling, 

That noe Vcssclls wlsocuer Lyeing w^Hn the mould or Dock doe 
make or keep fire, on Board att any Other tyme then from Day Light 
in the morning till the Ringing of the Citty Bell att night under the 
Penalty of Tweenty Shillings 

That none Doe Cast Any Anchor. Grapnall or Kelleck within Or 
neer the Mould or Dock where itt may Endanger, any Other Vessells 
[248] Vessells, under the Penalty of Tenn Shill : beside all danger. 

That none doe Caste Any Dung Draught dyrte or any thing to fill 
up or Annoy the mould or Dock or the neighbourhood, neer the Same, 
under the Penalty of Tweenty Shill: 

That noe Vessell whatsocuer, Doe Lye att the out Side of the Dock 
or mould unless, in fair weath^ and then not Longer then One Tyde Ex- 
cept w*t Leaue, of the Mast^ under the Penalty of Tenn shillings, be- 
sides all Damages, 

That noe Tinibcr, Pipe Staues. wood or Other Lumber, be Landed 
upon the mould, or wharfe Nor Carts, Permitted to Ryde there und?" the 
Penalty of Six Shilling. 

That all Persons be Directed by the hauen Mast^ to [have] fitt and 
Convenient births, for their Lyeing or fastening, within att or to, the 
mould or wharfe on Penalty of Tenn Shilling for being Refractory 
besides all Damages 

That the hauen Master Doe take Care to See the Aboue Ordors, dayly 
kept and Observed and Doe Receiue and Collect all Penaltyes Ariseing 
there upon, the One halfe of w^!? he is to Pay to the Treasurer, for 
the use of the Citty and the Other halfe for him Selfe 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 145 

That the Seuerall goods and Merchidize hereafter 
Bridgemonv named when Imported into this Citty fro beyond the 
Seas, That is to Say from any place beyond the East End 
of Long Island and to the Southward of Sandy Poynt Shall Pay, for 
Bridgemoney twelue pence ^ Tunn ; And all the goods hereaff named 
to Pay att Exportation, for Bridgmony the Lyke Summe of Twelue 
pence ^ Tunn That is to Say for Sugar [249] Molasses, Gotten woll 
Ginger Logwood and Other Sorts of Dyeing wood Beef Porke, flower 
Bread. Pease Trayne Oyle, Corne, and Tobacco and all Other goods or 
Marchatdize wJsoeuer not herein Perticularly Specif yed and for w^V noe 
Custome is Due or Payable is to Pay for Bridgemoney as aforesayd, 
Lumber Staues, Heading and Ballast Excepted And for Each horse to 
be Transported out of the Province from this Citty twelue Pence Pr 
head That the SeH^rall rates Summs of money Charged by these Ord^s, 
for Anchorage Dock money and Bridge money be from tyme to tyme 
Collected and Receiued, by the hauen masf^ who Is to Render, a Perticu- 
lar Acc*t thereby and make PaymU of w" he Shall Soe Collect and Re- 
ceiue to the Treasurer of this Citty Euery three monthes, att the Least, 
and for his trouble in Collecting, and Receiueing the Same and Paying 
to the Treasurer as aforesaid to be Allowed Tenn P"" C^ 

That if any Difference or Controversey Shall Arise between the 
hauen M^ and Any Other Person or Persons, Conserning Any the Or- 
ders before mentioned. Or the Rates Or Penaltyes theirin Conteyned Or 
Any Other matt^ Relateing, to the wharfe Bridge Or Dock the Same 
Shall be Adjudged and Determined by the mayo'' of this Citty for the 
tyme being, or the Eldest Alderman in the Mayors Absence 

[250] Citty of ^^ The Mayo** Aldermen and Common 

New : York Councells Representation of the Abuse of 

Stickwood and w^ done by them to Remedy 
the Same. &c 

To the Right Honofabl Co»! Tho: 
Dongan Leiut and Gouern*" &c 
Ta the Mayo^ Aldermen and Common Councell of the Citty 
of New=Yorke humble Presentt to your Honou"^. 
That the many Complaints made by the Inhabitants of this Citty of 
the great Abuses and Injurys they dayly haue and Doe Sustaine by the 
Sale of firewood by the Stick being of uncertaine and unequal! Length, 
and Bigness, and Often tymes Seuerall niches put On A Stick whereby 
they are Defrauded of their due (itt being Only att the Pleasure of the 
boatm? or Carmen, w* they will Call an Hundred Sticks[)] to Remedy, 
Vol. I.— 10 



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146 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Which wee thought itt most Convenient that A Certaine Measure, and 
Assize Should be Putt On Wood And To that End haue Ord»ed That 
frtr, and After, the first Day of Sep***'' next noe firewood Shall be Im- 
ported or Exposed to Sale in this Citty, but Such as Shall be Cutt after 
the malTer of Coard wood and Sold by the Coard Accordingly w^** 
Coard is to Conteync 8 foot in Length 4 foot in Breadth and 4 foot 
in hight under the Penalty of forfeiture 

And In Regard all or moste of the firewood braught to this Citty is 
Cutt in Other Parts of the Province without the Libertys thereof, wee 
humbly Pray your hono^ that if this Method and measure be Aproued 
of your Honour would be Pleased to Cause Publique notice, to be 
giuen to the oth*" Parts, of the Province where firewood is Usually Cutt, 
that none may Pretend. Ignorance of. yo^ [251] Vour Hon^5 of your 
Hon^s Pleasure therein and A Conformity be had thereunto by the 
tyme Perfixed. ^„^ f^^ ^^r Hon^ wee Shall Euer Pray 

Ord** about That Xoe Swine w^,soeuer, be suffered to goe or Range 
Swine In Any the Streetes or Lanes within the fine wards be- 
longing to this Citty on the South Side of the fresh water und"^ the 
Penalty of forfieture of all Such Swine as Shall be found or Taken, 
goeing or Ranging in Any the Streets or Lanes Aforesayd. 

That all Swine as shall be found, or Taken up by Any Officer Shall 
be Aprized by Any two. Inhabitants And One halfe of the Value to be 
Payd to the Treasurer for the use of this Citty and the Other halfe to 
vSuch Officer y^ Shall find and Take up the Same 

Citty of New= SS Att A Common Councell &c March y* 

York= 29t^ 1684 

The Petition of the Porters of this Citty, being Read Ordrred, that 
Aldfman Verplank AP Peter Jacol)s and M^ Isaack Van Vleck be 
Apoynted as A Committee to Enquire into the Ord^s and Regulacons 
About Porters, there Numb^ and the Rates, and Prizes by them Taken. 
These Seuerall Carrmen, Refuseing to Obey Obserue and follow, y* 
Lawes, and Ord*'s of this Citty, by them Apoynted to be Obserued and 
Kept were Suspended and Discharged being Any Long'" Carrmen. 
Names of the Carrmen. 

j!r> Longstreet Conradus Verbeck JiP Carlessen 

JIP Mynderson Jurien Hagle Paulus Verbeck 

Claus Johnson W°* Pearce Gerritt Cousine 

Hendrick JlPson Tho : GrifFen WT Morse 

Egbert forken Gisbert Egbert Joris Johnson 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 147 

[252] Ordered that the Constables of the fiue wards On South Side 
the Fresh Water forthwith giue A Listt of the Names of all the Male 
Persons w^^in there Seuerall Wards from 16 yeares old and upwards 
to the Mayo^ of this Citty that A watch may be Settled and Apoynted 

M^ Ald^man Bayard and Ald'^man Verplank are Apoynted A Com- 
mittee to Inspect and State the Acc**^ between the Citty And Any Per- 
ticular person, and See w^ the Sayd Citty is Indebted f r?5 the Arrivall of 
GouemT Andross to this Day, and thereof to giue Publique notice 
to all Persons, and make Reporte Accordingly 

The Councell Adjourned till this Day Seuen Night 

Citty of New=York SS Proclamation Aboute Carm? Published 

Att A Common Councell holden att the 
Citty hall for the Sayd Citty On Saturday 
yc 29tli of March 1684 

Whereas, By former Ord'^s It hath been Enacted that none ShouM 
Seme for hyre or wages, as Carmen, but Such as Shall be Apoynted 
and Allowed Carmen of this Citty, And whereas the Carmen for- 
merly apoynted. and Allowed haue Refused to Obey Obserue and fol- 
low, the Laws and Ord^'s. of this Citty by them Apoynted to be Ob- 
served and kept and for that Cause and Reason [253] Are Suspended 
and Discharged from being Any Longer Carremen 

These Are therefore to Declare and Publish y* all and Euery person 
or Persons w*Hn this Citty haue hereby free Lyberty and Lycence to 
Seme, for hyre or Wages as Carmen (The Sayd Carmen now: dis- 
charged, & Slaues Excepted) till further Order, 

Citty of New=York SS Com? to the Mayo'', and Ald^'men to be 

Justices of the Peace for the City and 
County of New=Yorke 

Thomas Dongan. Leiu^ Gouern* And Vice 
Admirall under his Royall Highness: of New^York 
And Dependencyes In America 
By Vertue of the Authority Deriued. unto mee, I doe hereby Con- 
stitute, Authorize and Opoynt you M^ Cornelis Steenwyck Mayo*", M^ 
Nicol? Bayard M*" j!T° Inians, M'' W™ Pinhorne M^ GuyHn Verplank 
M' JH? Robinson. And M^ W? Cox AWmen to be Justices of the 
Peace for the Citty and County of New- York. Giueing you and Each 
of you : full Power And Authority to Act as Justices of the Peace for 



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148 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

the Good and Welfare of the Government and Due Administracoa 
of Justice According to Law, and all Persons whonie itt may Conceme 
arc Strictly Charged and Required to giue you due Respect and 
Obedience Accordingly this Commission to be of force Dureing my 
will and Pleasure Only, giuen und^ my hand att Fort James this 31^, 
of March 1684 

Thomas Dongan 
Passed the Office 
JIP Spragg Secfy 

[254] Citt>* of Xe\v=York SS Att A Common Councell held for 

the Sayd : Citty att the Citty hall On 
Saturday the 6*^ of Aprill 1684 By 
the Mayo^ AUKmen and Common 
Councell of the S^ Citty 

Ordered, That none of the former Carmen who Refused to Seme 
be Admitted Againe without first Acknowledgeing their fault and Pay- 
ing Six shilling as A fine and Conforming them Selues, to y^ Lawcs, 
and Ord^s Establisht If the Mayo' Shall think them fitt to Seme in 
that if Imploy 

Joris Johnson '^ 

Garritt Cousine > Admitted Carmen On the Aboue Conditions 

JlP Carlessen J 

The Order of the Gouern'' and Councell In Answer to Y^ Petition 
Presented to him. About Restraint of Bolting and Importacon of flower 
fr^ Other Parts of the Province being Read Requireing Reasons for 
the Same, Ord^ed y* M*" Ald^man Bayard, M' Ald^man Inian M*" 
AWman. Pinhome, Mr j!T° Laurance Or Any three doe Draw up 
Reasons, and Prsent the Same next Meeting, of the Councell 

Order about Ordered that not Person Or Persons within this 

powD^ Citty doe fro: and After the S'l* Day of June next En- 

sueing keep Entertaine, or Conceall in Any dwelling, or 
warehouse att any tyme A great [er?] Quantity of Gunn Powder, 
[than?] the One hundred weight and that in the uper Parte of the house 
und"" the Penalty of Tweenty Shilling, for Euery io^» more then that 
Quantity as Shall be found in Any Dwelling house aforesayd 
[255] And that the Mayo"^ doe giue warrant to the Constables to make 
Search in Any house or Warehouse for the Same soe Often as he Shall 
tiiink fitt and Convenient Or On Any Complaint made 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 149 

Citty of New= ^^ 

Yorke ^^ 

Reasons Presented to the Goucrnour by 

the Mayo^ and Ald'^men to P*"?hibite Bolting 
Reasons &c : in Any Other Place but this Citty 

In Pursuance of yo^ Hon*"s Ordor Dated y« [i8th] 

of March Past wee the Mayor and Aldermen of the 

Citty of New= Yorke by And with the Advise of the 

Common Councell of the Sayd Citty Doe offer for 

Reasons, why Bolting and makeing of Bread for 

Transportacon, should be Prohibited In Any Other 

Parte of the Province, but in this Citty Only, as 

foUoweth, 

This Citty being the Matropoly? of the Province hath from, tyme to 

tyme, been the Mayne Suporte thereof the flowerishing or Decay of 

w*^? Doth Inf [l]euence all its Parts, and by itts Industry in trade and 

Traffique mayntained by itts Number of Inhabitants hath gained 

Creditt and Reputation Abroad by whose meanes alone all Foreign^'s 

Commerce and shiping, Is Drawed hether 

That the Manufacture of flower and Bread for soe wee Concent itt 
may be Properly Termed hath been and is the Cheif Suporte of the 
trade, and Traffique to and fro this Citty and Maintainance of itts 
Inhab[i]tants of all Degrees, and if used and Practiced in Other Parts 
of the Province must of necessity Lessen Our Trade and Consequently 
the numb'' of the Inhabit*? Imployed therein 

[256] All Other Parts of the Province haue Some Perticular Advan- 
tage and way of Liueing As Long Island by Husbendry and Whaleing 
Esopus being the fatt of the Land by Tillage Albany by Indian Trade 
and husbandry this Citty noe Other Advantage Or Way of Liueing 
but by Traffique and Dependance are on Another Cheifly upheld by 
the Manufacture of flower and Bread 

To us Itt is Euident That had all Parts of the Province, Equall 
Liberty to make flower and Bread noe Parte thereof would be Ad- 
vantaged thereby, but the trade Soe Dispersed that it would be much 
Impared if not wholy Loste.and the Value of flower and Bread, Less 
to the farmer then Now his Corne is[,] the Prise of w^^ is kept up by 
the Industrey of the Inhabitants of this Citty. who first made itt A 
ColTi^dity Abroad Gaind it Reputation and Are Only Proper to Con- 
tinue both, 

Soe that the Establishing the makeing of flower and Bread in this 
Citty Only takes nothing fr^ Other Parts, of the Province but if 



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I50 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Removed or Admitted in Other Parts, will be the Aparent Ruine and 
Decay of the Same w*^? how necessary itt is to Maintaine and En- 
courage the want of soe well A Scituated and Such A Numbr of In- 
habitants Soe Encorporated in Virginia Mary=land, and Other Neigh- 
bouring Partes, may Sufficiently Demonstrate who though haue the 
Same Advantages from the fruits and Produce of the Earth for 
want thereof Can not Accreu to that Benefitt In trade by Husbandry 
as this Province hath and Doth Enjoy by the meanes and [257] And 
Encouragement of this Citty Only 

W^^ That it may Still Encrease and Flowrish is the Desire and 

^^^P^^ ^^ Yo^ Honors most humble Servants 

Place apoynted The Loft Ouer the Slaughter house belonging to 

to be generall Garrit j!I°son Rosse is Apoynted to be the generall 
Store for Store for all Powder and he to Take Care and Look 

powder, After the Same, and to haue for his Paines and 

trouble Such summe, as the Own'^s thereof Shall 
Agree, for not Exceeding i? 6^ for Each Barrell the Same to be payd 
on Deliuery of the Powder out 

The Councell Adjourned till this Day Seuen night 

City of New= ^^^ The Assize and Value of Bread Is Apoynted 

Yorke to be as foUoweth viz^ 

A White Bread Loafe weighing thirteen ounces to be Sold for fine 
Stiuers Wampom Or One Penny halfe penny 

A Loaf of ranged wheaten Bread the Coursest of the Brand being 
taken out Weighing Eight Pound nine Pence 

A Loaf of Rye or Course wheaten Bread weighing Seuen Pounds 
& halfe Six Pence May the 6*^ 1684 

r on /-• .^ ^ XT nr 1 / t^roccedings in Common Councell. 
[258] Gttyof New^Yorke J ^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^„ j^^,^ ^ ^^^ 

1684 

M"^ Bogardus Makeing Complante that Seuerall Persons in this 
Citty Refuse to the Arrears of Taxation of houses &c Pursuance to 
An Act of Common Councell bareing the Date the 3*!* March 1683 be- 
cause of Seuerall Removalls from the Respectiue house Since the 
tMne of Such Taxation 

The Common Councell haueing taken the Same Into Consideration 
for Explanation of their former Order, and for the Expeditious Re- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



151 



ceiueing or gathering the Sayd Arrearages w^l*out further delay, doe 
Ordor that the Persons now Inhabiting the Sayd Respectiue houses 
doe Respectiuely Pay the Sayd Arrearages pursuant to y* Sayd List 
& in faleur thereof y^ y* Colector make distress upon y* Respectiue 
goods of y*^ ^son see fayling in y*^ payment of y^ Sayd Arearages 
and y^ the Landlords of the Sayd houses, allow to the Sayd Persons, 
the 'Same in their Rents 

M** JlP Tudor Bringing A Messuage frU the Gouernour desireing 
that the Markelt may be Removed fro the Place w^here itt is now kept 
to the Vacant ground before the Fort and that the Mayo^ Aldrmen 
and Common Councell would Ordor the same to be done Accordingly ; 

Ordered^ that from hence forward, the Markett for Butchers meat 
be held in the Same Place Accordingly, they Erecting their nales and 
Other Conveniencys att their Owne Charge 

[259] M*" Smith Giueing in An Acc*^ of 17 : 16 : by him is Colected 
for Dockage, 

Ordered that he Pay the Same to the Treasurer, deducting his 
Salary for Collecting according to Order 

M'" Smith makeing Complaint that there are Seuerall Sloopes and 
Boates, in Arearage of Paying their Dockage, 

Ordered that the May^ giue I'im A warrant to Demand the Same, 
and upon non Paymt to make distress upon the goods, of the Respec- 
tiue Persons in whos Possession y« Sayd Boates now, are Refuseing to 
Pay the Same and the List of Areares, be Annexed to the Sayd warr^t 

M*" Guylene Ver Plank who was Apoynted Auditor of the Citty 
Ace*? being Dead 

Ordered M*" Van Fleck Suply his place 

Ordered that the New=Streete beginning from Edward Taylers 
Cornour house to the Cornour of Domini Selynes Lott and fro thence 
to the Warehouse of the Widdow, Verplanks, be Paved on Both Sides 
by the Persons Owning the Lotts therein Each before his Owne Lott 
before the 25 July next 

And the Smiths Street begining att the Cornour of Thomas Lewis 
uj) to the house of Gerritt Hendricks In Lyke manner 

and the Beuer gracht begining from the Cornour house of Simon 
Romeyne to the house of Barrent Court bee Paved On Each Sydc 
Eight foot in Breadth from the houses by the Person Owneing the 
Lotts therein Each Person before his own Lott w*? Pauements to be 
made in Such manner, as by the Survey^'s Shall be Aproved of or 
Apoynted 



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152 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[260] Citty of New= ) Att A Meeting of the Mayo^ Aldermen 

Yorke \ and Common Councell the 31"^ of May 
1684 

Ordered That M^ Alderman Bayard and M^^ Jacobs Doe Draw up 
Ord's that Corne may be well Cleaned, before Sent to the Mill and 
Present the Same next meeting 

A Proclamation By the Gouem*" and Councell Prohibiting flower 
to be Bolted Or Packed or Bread made for Transportation, but in this 
Citty &c was Prohibited 

The Ordors About Powder. Likewise Prohibited: Resolued that 
in Some Convenient Place On the Common A Powder house be Built 
of Stone 

The Councell Adjourned to this Day Seven Night 



Citty of New=) May the Tweenty Second 1684 

York \ Proclamation by the Gouerno*"and Coun- 

cell Prohibiting Flower to be Bolted or 
Proclamation by the Packed or Bread made for Transporta- 

Governour and Councell &c tion but in this Citty, &c Published the 

31^ May 1684 

By The Gouernour & Councell 

Forasmuch As for Seuerall good Weighty Reasons, itt hath been 
thought fitt by former Gouerno^s To Prohibite Strictly and under the 
Penalty of forfeiture the Packing of flower and makeing Bread, for 
Exportation [261] att Any Other Place then att the Citty of New= 
Yorke, and whereas, by the Neglect of the Due Observiance of Such 
Ord*"s Seuerall Abuses Are Committed to the Aparent hazerd and 
Ce[r]taine detriment of the most Considerable Part of the Trade of 
this Place and Injury to those Countrys that Are Suplyed from hence 
therewith as Is Evident by Fresh Complaints from Seuerall Places, in 
Perticular from the Deputy Gouern*" of Barbados, It is Ordered that 
for the future noe flower be Bolted or Packed nor Breade made for 
Transportation in Any Place wtsoev'' within this Governm*t Except in 
the Citty of New= Yorke untill the Will and Pleasure of his Royall 
Highness James Duke of York And Albany Lord Propriet*" of this 
Province be knowne in it, of w^^ all Persons Conserned Are Strickly 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 155 

Charged and Required to Take notice and Confirme them Selues^ 
Accordingly As they will Answer the Contempt att there Perrills. 

GiUEN Under my hand and Seale, in N: Yorke this 22 Day of 
May in the thirty Sixth year of his Majesties Reigne Anno DnT 1684 

Passed the Office 
Jn9 Spragg, Secfy: 

P , 1 r*ttv i N ^^^ ^ Common Councell held in the 

L202J cittyo^^ew- j.g g^^ ^.^^^ Q^ Thursday the lo^t Day of 

July 1684 

The Record'^ Acquanted them that the Occasion of their Meeting 
was to Consider of A way moste Suitable for Establishing A watch in 
this Citty itt being thought Convenient That the military Offices and 
Troopers, be Excused therefrom and Proposes a Rate for the Same 
On Each house 

Ordered That the Constables in the fiue wards on South Syde the 
Fresh Water doe Watch by Turnes Successively One Each Night and 
doe Provide for their Assistance On the Watch Eight Persons as they 
Shall think fitt to hyre for whose Service Shall be Payd to Each twelue 
pence Pr Night out of the Citty Treasury 

Ordered that Mr Peter Stoutenburgh be Apoynted OverSeer of 
the work to be done On the Warfe, and warehouse within this Citty 
That Each house Doe Provide A man On Notice giuen to worke On 
the Wharfe and unload and Secure the timbr and Stockadoes Braught 
for the Same, Or On Default the Own^s or Inhabitants in Such houses 
or warehouses to Pay 2?3? Each tynie they Omitt the Same 



Citty of New-York, SS 



Proceedings in Common Councell 
Att A CoHTon Councell held for the Citty 
of New- York att the Citty Hall of the Sayd 
Citty the is^l" Aug»* 1684 

The Ace", of M" Sharp being Read 

[263] It Apeared that the Citty is noe wise Lyable to Pay any Article 
therein as not haueing Any Relation to tliem, therefore doe wholly 
Disalow thereof 

It being Considered that Seucrall Strang''s now. Resident in this 
Citty come into this Place and driue great Trade and Merchantdize 



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»54 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



to their great Benefitt and Advantage w*i?out Bearing any Part or 
Proportion of the Pubh'ck Charge of this Citty to the great Burthen 
of the Inhabitants tiiereof 

It is Obdered that all Strang^s that Reside within this Citty for the 
Space of One Month Shall After the Expiration of that tyme, watch 
and ward and pay all Taxes and Assessm*! and doe all Other Such 
things As the Inhabitants from tyme to tyme Shall be Obliedged to 
Pay and Performe 

The Comon Councell takeing into ConsideracSn the Neccessety of 
Raysing mony for the Repairation of the Wharfe paym*^ of Seuerall 
Debts, and defraying of Other the Publique Charge of the Sayd Citty 
and Count>' by Vertue of the Power and Authority derived unto them 
by An Act of the Late Generall Assembly, Intituled anrf Act for De- 
fraying the publique and Necessary Charge of Each Respectiue Citty 
town & County &c 

Ordered that the summe of two Hundred Pounds Currant money 
of this Province be forthwith Raised Levyed and Collected by an 
Equall and Proportionable Assessm^i upon the Estates of all and 
Euery ^son Inhabiting within the Sayd Citty and County to be made 
by the Persons Late Apoynted Assesses for the Raysing the Volentary 
Present to the Gouern'' who Shall be Authorized and Apoynted to Doe 
the Same, and that the Sayd Si:r !nc of two Hundred [264] Hundred 
Pounds, be Payd into the Priblique Treasury of this Citty, and that 
upon default of Paym" of Such Summ or Summes, Soe to be Assessed 
the Constable doe Levy by disstress of the goods and Chattells of the 
Person or Persons Soe Refuseing untill the Sayd Summ or Summs be 
fully Satisfyed 

For the due and Orderly Settleing and Passing the Acc*t^ of this 
Citty 

Ordered — that noe Ace" Shall be Allowed of nor Admitted un- 
less the Person bringing in the Same, Produce anrf Ordor Signed by 
the Mayo'' or Deputy Mayo^ for the tyme being for the Articles therein 
Contevned 



^Cornelis Steenwyck 
James Graham 
N : Bayard 
JiT° Inians 
W™ Cox 



Jn^ Laurance 
Pef^ Jacobs 
Jacob: Kibb 
G: Minviell 
Is : Van ffleck 
N: D Myer 



Aldrmen & 
^ Comon Councell 



Adjourned, till Saterday next 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



155 



Cittv of New- York SS 



Proceedings in Conion Councell 

Att A CoiTTon Councell for the Sayd 
Citty att the CoRTon hall thereof on Satur- 
day y« 23*1' Augs^ 1680 [4] 



-^N: Bayard 
JIP Inians 
W^Cox 
JiP Laurance 



Aldrmen & 



>/- — 



Comon Councell 



Present Comeiis Steenwyck Mayor 
James Graham Record^ 
' N : D meyer 

G: Minviell 

P: Jacobs 

Jacob Kipp 

Is: Van ffleck 

[265] Jacob: Moleyne who was Elected One of the Assesses for the 
Dock ward haueing Removed him Selfe and family out of the Citty, 

Ordered that M*" Ald^man Inians Issue out his Warr" to the 
Constable to Sumons the Inhabitants of the Sayd Ward to meet to- 
gether in the Citty hall On Munday morning, next by Eight of the 
Clock to Elect An Other Assessor, in his Stead 

Seuerall of the Asscs^s apearing i\T*" Recordr acquainted thejn that 
there was the Sumnie of two Hundred Pounds to be Raysed for the 
Defraying the Publique Charges by An Equall And Proportionable 
AssessmU On Euery Persons Estate to be made by them. And 
Recoinend the Same to them to be Done Accordingly 

Ordered that if Any thing hapen in the Intervall of the sessions of 
the Comon Councell Concerning the Priviledges of the Citty, Mf 
Record*" and M*" John Laurence, apear and Act therein According 
as they think Convenient makeing A Report of w* they Shall Doe 
fro : tyme to tyme, to this Board 

Adjourned to Saturday next 



Citty of Xc\v= 
York 



^\'ar^^^ from the Mayo'" for tlie As- 
SS sessmH of 200*J on the Inhabitants of this 

Citty and County &c 



WherE/\s, The Mayo^ Aldrmen And CoTTTon Councell of this Citty 
Assembled in the ComUn hall thereof On Saterday the 15*1* day of this 
Instant Aug^ by Vertue of the Power, and Authority giuen them by 
an Act of the Late generall Assembly Entituled An Act for Defraying 
the Publique and Nessessary Charges of Each Respectiue Citty Towne 
[266]Towne And County for the Repairation of the wharfe of this 
City Paym*^ of Seuerall Debts and Defraying of Seuerall Other the 



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156 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Publique Charges of the Sayd Citty and County did Ord"" that the 
summe of two Hundred Pounds Curr*^ money Should be forthwith 
Rayised Levyed and Collected out of tlie Estates of all and Euery 
the Inhabitants of the Sayd Citty and County According to an Equall 
and Proportionable Assessm" to be made by the Persons, Already 
Elected to [be] Assesses for the Ray sing the free and Volentary 
Present to the Gouern'' and that the Sayd Persons Should be Author- 
ized & Impow^'ed to Doe the Same, These are therefore to Warr^t and 
Authorize Empower and Apoynt you to make An Equall and Pro- 
portionable Assessmt upon the Estates of all and Euery the Inhab- 
itants w^Hn the Sayd Citty and County untill the Sayd summe of two 
Hundred Pounds be fully Compleat and that you make A Returne of 
your Proceedings theirin to the Mayo** and Ald^'men of this Citty &c 
Dated 

Citty of New= ^^ Att A Common Councell &c 

York ^^ held the 6^? day of Oct^^ 1684 

M'' Demyer and M' Minveil being Sent to the Govern'' to know 
his Pleasure if the Mayo*" Should Issue out warr".* for the Election of 
New Ald^men for the Year Ensueing According as Mentioned in the 
Petition formerly Presented to him &c, made Reporte, that the Gouern'' 
Sayd he knew nothing to the Contrary, but would Advise w*^ his 
Councell to mofow morning and then giue his Answer, 
[267] M*^ Ald*"man Cox M'' Minviel and M'' Jacobs apoynted as A 
Coinittee to meet On Wednsday Morning att the Citty hall to hear 
those that Complaine, of being See much Assessed when the Assesses 
and Collectors to be Present 

W^ Graverod Refuses further to Collect the Assessm^ Mf Smith 
is to be Apoynted to Collect the whole and to haue 5 ^ C for w! Payd 
willingly and 10 ^ C for wt Distreined 

Ordered that the Execution of the Ord^s about fire wood, be sus- 
pended untill Provision be made by Act of Assembly 



The Names of the Seuerall Aldermen 
Citty of New=^ and Other Office's Chosen 

Yorke ^ ^ Att A Meeting of the Mayo^ and Ald^- 

men &c the I3^t Oct^r 1684 

The Ald^'men of the Seuerall Wards of this Citty made Returne of 
the Seuerall Persons Chozen as followeth 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



157 



Cap! Andrew Bovvne 

M^ Nicho? Bayard 

M^ JIP Laurence 

Mr Isaac Van Vleeck 

M^ Jn** Robinson 

Cap^ Nicli : WT Stevenson 

M'' JH** Hendrix Brync 
Mr W"* Merritt 
Mr Johes Kipp 
Mc Samuell Wilson 
Mr Gabriel Minveil 
Mr Arien Comelissen 



Aldfmen 



Comon 
^ Council 



[268] 



Mf D Lanoj. 
Mr Paul Richards 
M' Abra : DPystr 
M'" W? Bogardus. 
Mr Dirick Van Cliff 
Mr Dan)J D Harte 
M' Petr Stoutenburgh 
M*- Tunis. D Key 
Mr Baltus Bayard 
M*" Garrett van Trick 
Mr Johes : Cowenhoven 
M^ Johes Vermillion 



Assesse''s 



M' Math: Tayler. 

MT Phillip Richards 

M'^ Jan: Van fflemsburgh 

Mf Giles Provost 

Mr W? Welsh 

M«" Adolph Meyer 

Mr Waltf Dobbs 



Constables 



Att A Common Councell held att the 



Cittyof New=York SS 



Citty 
1684 



Hall On Monday the 13^^ Oct^^ 



Ordered That Any Person Chosen to Serue in Any the Offices 
following, and shall Refuse to Serue Shall Pay the fine hereafter 
Expressed Vizt 

A Constable £ 5 = : =* 

An Assessor £ 3= :- 

A Common Councell Man £ 7 «io= 

An Ald'^man Tenn Pound £10 =• : = 

The Mayor £20 = : = 

The fines to be Payd to the City Treas: for the publique Use of 
this Citty 

Oct^r 14th 1684 

The Mayo*" And Aldermen thought fitt Persuant to their former 
Method to Present the Names of Persons out of w^^V the Govern^ may 
Apoynt On[e] for Mayo^ of this Citty 



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158 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered That for the Year Past and Annually to Come there Shall 
be Allowed [269] And Payd to the Towne Clerk of this Citty for his 
trouble and Paines, About the Publique Busieness out of the Treasury 
of this Citty the Summ of Tenn Pounds 

The Present Mayo^ and Aldermen waiting (3n the Governour \w^^ 
the Persons Elected for Alderm? and to know who his TTonour would 
Please to Apoynt for ]\fayor 

IVf Gabreil Minnveil was Commissionated for Mayo^ and w^l* the 
New : Aldermen Sworne and being Brought to the Citty hall — his 
Commission was Read and they took their Places 

•The New Common Councell Sworne and the Old discharged the 
Mayo^ being Chozen by the Westward as Common Councellman 

Ordered That Another Person be Chosen in his Stead 

The Constables Sworne, PhiHp Richards being A Quaker Engaged 
to Performe his Duty as Constable undr Penalty of Perjury 



^. - ^^ ,, , c-o The Nommation for Mayor Prc- 

Citty of i\ew=York SS . 1 x .1 /- 

sented to the Gouernour. 

To The Right Honourab^? &c 
Whereas It is the Usuall Tyme for Apoynting of A New=Mayo^ 
And Aldermen for this his Royall Highness Citty of New=York, 
Wee the Present Mayor And Aldermen of the Sayd Citty Doe Per- 
suant to formor Customes and Practice Humbly Present to your Honr 
the Names of Seuen Persons Out of w*^t your Hon^ may Please 
[270] Please to Apoynt One for Mayor the Aldrmen being by Vertue 
of your Honour Chosen by the freemen of this Citty whose names w*? 
the Persons by us Nominated are As followeth 

AldFmen Chozen Persons Nominated 

^M«- Fredrick Phillips 
M*" Steph? Court Land 
Capt: Andrew Bowne 
Mr W? Pinhorne 
Mr Gabriel Minviel 
Mf N: Bayard 
Mr James Graham 

Y*" Hone's Most Humble Servants 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK . 159 

Commission to Mr 
Citty of New=York SS Gabriell Minveil to be 

Mayor of this Citty 

Thomas Dongan Leiu^ Gouernr and 
Vice Admirall UndF his Royall High- 
ness James Duke of York and Albany 
&c of New=York and Its Dependences 

Whereas I am fully Asured of the Prudence faithfullness, and 
Ability of Gabriell Minveil of this Citty of New=York Merchant I doe 
hereby by Vertue of the Authority derived unto mee Nominate Apoynt 
and Constitute him the Sayd G: Minveil [271] To be Mayo^ of the 
Citty of New=Yorke and its Dependencyes, hereby Authorizeing, and 
Requireing him to doe Execute and Perforrnc all Act and Acts thing 
and things as A Mayo^ May and Ought to doe, According to Law, And 
this CoITTission to Continue, Dureing the Space of One whole Year Or 
Until! further Order. Giuen und*" my hand and Sealed w*? the Scale 
of the Province att Fort James In Nevv=York the I4*l' Day of Oct*^«" 
1684 Thomas Doxgak 

Passed the Office 
Jn? Spragg Secy 

Proceedings att Common Councell held 
Citty of New- York SS att the Citty Hall the i^. Day of December 

1684 

Abraham Corbett being Chozen Common Councell man for the 
West ward in the Stead of M^ Mayo^ had the Oath Administred to 
him 

The Councell takeing into Consideration the Objections made 
Against the Last Assessm*J find noe way to Remidy the Same, great 
Part being Collected But Ordor the Same to Continue in force and to 
be forthw*^ fully Collected 

Ordered That M^ Ald^man Bowne Mr Merrett Mr Abraham Cor- 
bett doe Procure and Provide Weights and Measures to be A Standard 
for this Citty According to the Osage and Custome of Enc^^land 
Between this and the 25*? January Ensueing 

[272] Citty of New=York SS Proceedings att A Common Coun- 

cell held att the Citty hall for the Sayd 
Citty On Monday the 2^ Day of Febru- 
ary i684[-5] 



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i6o MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

P^'sent Mayo^ Recorder N: Bayard 

M*" Jfl*> Laurence M^ Andrew Bowne 

and Mr Verfleek Ald^men. M^" W«? Mer- 

ritt M^ Abr : Corbett Mf De bruyne Mr 

Saml^ Wilson M*" Kipp Common Coun- 

cell 

Resolued Unanimously That the Gbvernour be Treated w*l* to Con- 

firme to this Citty all the Vacant Land in And About this Citty and 

Island to Low Water marke the Ferry and all the Seuerall Patents to 

the Inhabitants, The Citty hall & Land thereto belonging Markett 

house & Markett Place Dock bridge and Streetes w^l* all Royaltyes and 

Priviledges thereunto Belonging 

Mr Graham M^ Bayard Cap^ Bowne M'^ De bruyn Mr Wilson M^ 
Merrett or Any four Vizt two of the Aldermen and two of the Com- 
mon Councell Are Apoynted as A Committee to mannage the Treaty 
w*? the Gouemour for Obteyned what Aboue Mentioned 

Resolued that the Dockmoney be Lett to farme On Saturday next 
Come Seuen night att the house of W? Merritts of which Puplique 
notice to be Geuen 

[273] Citty of New=Yorke SS 

Att A Common Councell held Att 
the Citty Hall On Wednesday the 
fourth Day of March 1684 [-5] Present 
the Mayo^ Ald^men & Common Coun- 
cell & Some of the old Magistrates and 
Antient Inhabitants 
Resolued That what Proposed in Last Common Councell be fully 
Agreed for w*^ his hon*" the Gouern'^ and the money Raised for the 
Same att 8 ^ OJ for which Severall Proposed to be Security 

Citty of New^Yorke SS 

Proclamation by the Gouem^ Ag*t 
WaFeing Dang^s Dirk or Other Con- 
sealed Weapons Published 

TiTO-\rAs DoxciAX Lieu^ and Gouer- 

nour under his Royall Highness of 

New=York and Dependencyes In 

America &c 

Forasmuch As itt is Very Pernicious and Contrary to the Common 

Peace and Safty of the Govemm^t to Carry Concealed & Private 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK i6t 

Weapons, whereby Stabbing and killing men On A Sudden may be 
done and Committed by Inhumane and Wicked ^vsons I haue therefore 
thought fitt and Ordered in Councell that noe Person Whatsoeuer 
Presume to Carry, Weare Or haue About tlicni Dagj^crs Durks Tucks 
in Canes, Pockett Pistolls Or Any [274] Other Sortt of Concealed 
Weapons, and hereof all Persons Concerned are Strictly Required and 
Conlanded to Take Notice as they will Answer the Contrary, att their 
Perrills GiUEN under my hand att Fort Jaivies, this 23*^ day of March 
i684[-s.] Thomas Dongak 

To the Mayo"* and Ald^men of 

the Citty and County of 

N=York to be forth w^t 

Published 
Passed the Office 
John Spragg Secry 

The Assise of Bread 

By the Mayo* & Ald^men 

i— ^^ ir X' ^^ 1 00 The Assise And Value of Bread is 

Citty of IS : York SS . . , . . r n xu at- t 

Apoynted to be as followeth Viz^. 

A White Bread Loafe weighing 12 ounces to be Sold for Six 
Stiuers Wamp : 

ffined Ranged Bread the Bran being wholly taken Out Weighing 
four pounds Six Pence, or Tweenty Stiu^s Wamp : 

Wheat Bread of Meal as itt Comes from the Mill Weighing Eight 
Pounds Nine Pence or thirty Stint's wampom 

Aprill the 30*^ 1685 

{275] By the King A Proclamation for 

Restraining All his Majestyes Subjects 
but the Members And Agents of the East 
India Company to Trade in the East 
Indies And Recalling Such As are there 

y ^ , Published the fift of August 1685 

Whereas The Sole Trade to the East Indies by Divers Royall 
Grants As of the Late King Our dearly beloved Brother of Euer 
Blessed memory As other of our Noble Progenitors hath been hereto- 
fore granted to the Govemour And Company of j\lerchants of London 
Tradeing to the East Indies with Express Prohibition to all Other 
their Subjects to trade there And that Such Trade by the great Indus- 
trey Charge And Expence of the Sayd Company hath for Severall 
Vol. I.— II 



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i62 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Yeares Last Past been Mainteyned And Carried On to the great 
honour and Proffitt of the Nation till of Late that Severall 111 Disposed 
Persons Preffering the Peculiar gaine before the Proffitt And Reputa- 
tion of the Nation And to the Utter Decay And Over throw of Soe 
i '.cneficiall A Trade to this Kingdom Which Cannot be Supported 
without the Joynt Assistance And Managery by A Company haue in 
A Clandestine And Disorderly manner Tradeing into those Parts In 
Express Disobedience Not Onely the Severall Prohibitions Conteyned in 
those Lett^s Patents but to Diuers Royall Proclamations Sett forth for 
that purpose Pcrsuant [276] Pcrsuant to the undoubted Prorogatiue of 
the Crowne for Lycencing Limitting And Regulateing Such forreigni! 
Trade Into to Soe Remote Parts of the v!Ot\A And Whereas the Late 
King Our dearly beloved Brother Out of his Aboundant grace and Ten- 
derness to his Subjects was Graceously Pleased to permitt his Unques- 
tionable Prerogative in that tyme, To be Argued And Disputed att tlic 
Common Law to the Intent his Subjects might be w^t'out Any Excuse 
for their disobedience which having Receiued A Publique Decission 
And Determination in Our Highest Ordinary Court of CoiiTon Law wee 
doc Expect from All Our Loveing Subjects An Intire Obedience 
thereunto and the Humble Petition of the Sayd Company wee Doe 
giue Leaue And Direct that Each OfFendor who Contrary to the Sayd 
Letfs Patents And Proclamations haue Contumaciously Invaded the 
Sayd Trade In Contempt of the Crowne And Dignity of Our Late 
Brother be Proceeded Against Att Law In Our Name to the Intent 
they may be punished According to their Demeritts And to the End 
all Our Loveing Subjects may for the future Avoyd the forfeitures 
And Penal tyes, which may be Incurred by their Disobedience In this 
behalfe wee haue thought fitt by and with the Advice of our Privy 
Councell to Publish our Royall Pleasure to be And wee doe hereby 
Strictly Prohibite And forbid all and Every Our Loveing Subjects 
whatsoever, Except the Sayd Company And their Successors And 
others Tradeing by the Sayd Companyes Lycence to Trade Into Vissitt 
Or haunt the Sayd East Indies Or Any Porte Creeke hauen Or place 
[277] within the Limitts of the Sayd Companyes Cha'^ter granted to 
them by Our Late brother In the thirtith Year of his Reigne upon 
Paine of Our high Displeasure And of being Proceeded Against As 
Contemners of Our Lawes and Royall Authority And Alsoe Incuring 
the forfeiture of the goods and merchantdizes and the Ships and 
Vessells with their furniture when And Soe often As they Shall be 
taken Or found Tradeing Or Navigateing within Any of the Ports 
Piuers Creekes havens or Places within the Limitts of the Sayd Com- 
panyes Chartar or beyond the Cape of Bona Speranza And to the End 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 163 

our will And Pleasure herein may be the better Observed And Executed 
wee doe hereby alsoe Strictly Require And Comand our Governours 
Deputy Govern's Admiralls Vice Admiralls Generalls Judges of Our 
G>urts of Admiralty Comand»^s of Our Forts and Castles Captaines of 
Our Royall Ships Provost Marshall Marshalls Comptrollers Colectors 
of Our Customes Waiters Searchers And all Other Our Officers and 
Ministers Ciuill And Military by Sea or Land in all And Every our for- 
eigne Dominions And plantations And Alsoe all And Singular Captaines 
And Comanders of Ships And All Other persons Imployed Or to be 
Imployed in the Service of the Sayd East India Company to be Aiding 
And Assisting to Attack Arrest take And Seize for Our Use the Ship 
Or Ships Vessell Or Vessells with their furniture goods wares and 
Merchantdizes of all and Every our Subjects, Other than the Sayd 
Company And their Successors And Such As Shall be Imployed Or 
Lycenced by them which they Shall find On Sea Or Land within the 
Limitts of Our Sayd Chartar granted to the Sayd Company According 
to the Tenor of the Sayd Chartar granted [278] Granted to the Sayd 
Company And to proceed to Condemnation thereof in Any of our 
Courts In Our Sayd forreigne Dominions and Plantations upon paine 
of our high Displeasure And As they will Answer the Contrary Att 
their Perrills And wee Doe by this our Proclamation Require and 
Comand all and Every of Our Subjects Except Such who are of the 
Sayd Company, Or Imployed or Lycenced by the Sayd Company 
who Are to Reside within Any of the Parts and places in the East 
Indies Or within Any of the Limitts of the Sayd Companyes Char- 
tar Or Are upon the Seas, In Order to their Voyage thether that 
tliey And Every of them doe within the Space of Eight monthes 
Next Ensuing After the date hereof Returne into this Our 
Kingdome upon paine And Penalty that Shall fall thereon Giuen 
Att Our Court att att Whitehall the first Day of Aprill 1685 In the 
first Year of Our Reigne 

By the King 

A Proclamation to Prohibite his 

Majestyes Subjects to Trade within the 

Limitts Assigned to to the Royall African 

Company of England Except those of 

the Company 
James R: 

Whereas Our Dearly beloved Brother [279] Late King of Euer 
Blessed Memory for the Suporting and Manageing of Trade Very 



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i64 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Beneficiall to this Our Kingdome And Our foreigne Plantations 
upon the Coast of Guiney Buincy Angola And Other Parts And 
places in Africa from the port of Sally In South Barbary Inclusiue 
to the Cape De bona Esperna Inclusiue by his Lett^'s Patents Under 
the Great Seal of England Bearing date the Tweenty Seventh day 
of September In the four And Twecnteth Year of his Reigne did 
Incorporate divers of his Loveing Subjects by the Name of the Royall 
African Company of England And did thereby grant unto the Sayd 
Company the whole Intire And Only Trade Into And from Africa 
Aforesayd And tlic Isclands and Places neer Adjoyning to the Coast 
of Africa And Comprehended witliia the Limitts Aforesayd with 
l^rohibition to all Other his Majestyes Subjects to Trade there And 
that In Persuance to Such grant The Sayd Company haue Raised 
A ver>' great Stock Sufficient to Man.age the Trade thereof And 
haue Sence been att great Charges And Expence In fortifying And 
Settleing Divers garrisons For^ts And factoryes for the better 
Secureing of the Sayd Trade whereby the Same began to florish To 
the great Comodity of this Kin fg] dome And our foreigne Plantations 
until! of Late disturbed by Severall 111 Disi)osed Persons who Prefferr- 
ing their Private Proffitt before the Publique good haue Contrary 
to the Royall grant And the Express proclamacon of the King Our 
<learly beloved Brother bearing date the thirteenth day of November 
In the Six and Tweenteth Year of his Reigne In A Clandestine Amd 
disorderly manner Tradeing into those partes To the Aparent dan- 
ger of the decay and Destruction of the Sayd Trade And in mani- 
fest Contempt and Violation of the undoubted Prerogitiue of the 
Crowne whose Right Is by the Knowne Law^es of these our Realmes, To 
Limitt and Regulate Such foreigne Trades Into those Remote Partes of 
the world Wee takeing the Same into our Princly Considera^n Doe 
[280] Doe Not Onely Giue Leave And Direct That the Persons who 
haue Soc Contemptuously Voylated the Companys Chartar And the 
Sayd Proclamacon be prosecuted in Our Name att Law in Order to 
their Condigne Punishment According to their demeritts But for the 
Prevention of the Like practices for the future Wee haue thought fitt 
with Advice of Our Privy Councell To Publish and declare Our Royall 
Will and Pleasure to bee And wee doe hereby Strictly Prohibite And 
forbid all And Every of Our Subjects wtsoever Except the Sayd Royall 
Company And there Successors And Such As Shall be Imployed or 
Lycenced by them Att Any time Or tymes hereafter to Send Or 
Navigate Any Ship Or Ships Vessell Or Vessells, Or Exercise Any 
Trade to or from Any of the Partes Or Coast of [Africa] from Sally to 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 165 

Cape De Bona Esparenza Or Any of the Islands near Adjoyning there- 
unto as aforesayd, Or from thence to Carry Any Negro Servants gold, 
Elephants Teeth Or Any Other goods And merchantdizes of the 
Product Or manufacture of the Sayd Places upon paine of Our high 
Displeasure And the forfeiture and Loss of the Sayd Negroes gold 
Elephants Teeth And All Other goods and Merchantdizes and tlic 
Shipj and Vessells which Shall be taken or found Tradeing In Any 
IMace or places upon the Coast of Africa Aforesayd within the Limitts 
Aforesayd And wee doe hereby Strictly Require And Comand all Our 
Gouerno^s Deputy Governors Admiralls Vice Adniiralls Generalls 
Judges of Our Courts of Admirallty Comandcrs of Our Forts And 
Castles Captaines of Our Royall Ships Justices of the Peace Provost 
Marshalls Alarshalls Comptrollers Colectors of Our Cuslome waifs 
Searchers And all Other Our Ofiic^s and Ministers [281] Ciuill And 
Military by Sea Or Land In Every of our American Dominions Or 
Plantations to take EfFectuall Care that noe Person or Persons what- 
soever with [in] their Respectiue Limitts Or Jurisdictions, (Except the 
Sayd Company And there Successors And Such as Shall be Imployed 
or Lycenced by them.) Doe Send Or Navigate Any Ships Or Vessells, 
Or Exercise Any Trade from [any] of Our Sayd Dominions Or Plan- 
tations to Any Parte of the Sayd Coast of Africa within the Limitts 
Aforesayd Or from thence to Import Any Negro Servants Gold Ele- 
phants Teeth or Other goods of the Product of any of those Partes into 
Any of Our Sayd Dominions Or Plantations in America And if Any 
Person Or Persons Shall Presume to Act Or doe Any wise Contrary 
to this Our Royall Proclamation To the End Our Will and Pleasure 
herein may be the better Observed Wee doe further will and Require 
and Strictly Require Comand All Our Sayd Govern^'s Deputy Govern'^s 
Admiralls Vice Admiralls Generalls Judges of Our Courts of Admir- 
allty Comanders of Our Fortes and Castles Captaines of Our Royall 
ships Justices of the Peace Provost Marshalls Marshalls ComptroKs 
Colectors of Our Costomes Waiters Searchers and all other Our 
Officers and Ministers Civill and Military by Sea Or Land In Every of 
Our Sayd American dominions And Plantations As Often as need 
Shall Require they be Aiding And Assisting to the Sayd Royall African 
Company their Successors F'actors deputyes Or Assignes to Attacli 
Arrest take and Seize all such Ship Or Ships V^essell Or Vessells Negro 
Servants gold Fllcphants Teeth Or goods wares and Merchantdizes 
wheresoever they Shall be found for our Use According to Our Royall 
Chartar granted to the Sayd Company, upon paine of Our High 
Displeasure And As they will Answer the Contrary att there Perrills 



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1 66 MIN'UTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

And wee doe hereby Require And Comand all And Every of Our Sub- 
jects [282] who Are Or Reside In Africa Aforesayd within the Limitts 
Aforesayd Or who Are upon the Sea in their Voyage thether Except 
Such who Are Imployed Or Lycenced by the Sayd Company that they 
doe within four inonthes next Ensueing the date hereof departe hence 
And Returne into this Kingdome upon paine and Perrill that may fall 
thereon Giuen att Whitehall the first day of Aprill One thousand Six 
hundred Eighty and fine In the first Year of Our Reigne 



By the Govhrnouu In Counccll A 
Proclamacon about giueing In Infor- 
macons & takeing of Affidavitts & 
Published the 6H» day Aug^ 1685 

Whereas The many And great Inconveniences of giueing In 

Information And takeing Affidavits in An Irrigular and Clandestine 

manner Are very Apparant Especially when Managed or Promoted 

by Loose wicked and Disorderly Persons to Prevent the Same itt Is 

hereby Ordered that if Any Person Or Persons hereafter haue Any 

Informacon to giue in Or Affidavitts to make Against Any Vessell 

for Acting Or tradeing Contrar>^ to the Acts of Navigation Or his 

Majestyes Proclamacon that he Imediatly Acquaint mee therewith who 

being Principly Conserncd will take the greatest Care to haue A due 

Prosecution Or In my Absence his Majestyes Colector of this Province 

Judge of the Court of Admirallty Or Secretary to the End that the 

Proceedings therein may be Just and Regular hereof all Persons 

Conserned Are Required to take notice As they will Answer tlie 

Contrary att [283] Att their Perrills Giuen Under my hand att Fortt 

James The Sixth day of August In the first Year of his Majestyes 

Reigne Anno Dm i68«; rr, x^ 

Thomas Dongan 

Passed the Office 

John Spragg Secf: 

A Proclamaion for Dissolveing the Assembly 

By the Governour 

Whereas for the General! good of this Province I Caused the 
Generall Assembly thereof To meett on the Seventeenth day of October 
in y* five and thirtieth yeare of King Charles the Second of ever blessed 
Memory And from thence by Severall adjornments thereof Continued 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 167 

Untill the twenty Ninth day of September now next Ensueing ffor Sev- 
crall important Reasons Me thereunto Moveing I have thought fitt By 
and with the advice and Consent of the Council To Dissolve y* said 
Generall Assembly Whereof I tliought good to give Notice to all the 
Members thereof And to all others Whom it may Concerne That they 
need not give theire attendance att the time appointed according to the 
adjournment aforesaid, Given under my hand att Fortt James thi^ 
thirteenth day of august 1685 and in the first yeare of his Majestyes 
Reigne. Signed, Tho: Dongan 

Passed the Office; J: Spragge 

Secrecy 

To the Mayo*" Aldermen and Shirrife 
of the Citty and County of New 
Yorke to be forthwith Published. 

[284] Att a Common Councell Held att the 

Citty Hall in the Citty of Newyorke 
the 24^** day of august 1685 

A Letter from the Governour Recomending to the Consideraion 
of the Common Councell the maintainance of the poore ; The Cording 
of wood and cleaneing the Streets was read. 

A Proclamation by the Govemo'' for Dissolveing the assembly was 
Publised. 

Ordered, that William Welch be appointed to Collect the arrcares 
of the taxaion on houses Anno 79 : and 80 

Resolved [that it] be Given to the Respective assessors in the 
Severall Wards of this Citty, to make a Valluaion of the Estates of 
the Severall inhabitants within their Said Wards both householders 
and Strangers, And therein to Expresse what houses or Lands belongs 
to each Particuler person and its value and What value their personall 
Estates are And make Returne thereof to the Mayo*" on or before 
Saturday the fifth of Septemb*" next Ensueing 

Ordered, that the Constables in each ward Doe take care, that the 
ord^'s formerly made Relating to Clcanseing the Streetcs be ducly 
observed and where default made, to cause the persons Offending to 
be Presented to the Mayo^, that they may Suffer the penaltyes by said 
Ord^s appointed. 

Ordered that noe weights or measures be used by any person or 
persons whatsoever within this Citty after the twentieth day of Septem- 
ber Next Ensueing, P>ut Such as shall be Sealed and allowed in the 



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i68 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

presence of the Mayo^ and aldermen or Some or one of them By 
[285] a Person appointed and Sworne to Seale the Same, which per- 
son Shall give his attendance att the Citty Hall on Monday the 31 : 
instant and Every day following that weeke, from Nine to twelue in 
the Morning for that Service And for the Sealeing of each weight Shall 
he paid i^ and for each pott yard or Ell the like and for each 
bushell halfe bushell or Schiple two pence. 

Ordered That M^ Isaac Van Vlcck and M"" Johannes Kipp Doc 
Examine and State the accounts of the Citty and when approved by 
Ihcm M^ Alderman Bayard is desired to Enter the same into the Citty 
books. 

Resolued^ that the ord^s formerly made and published Relateing to 
Cording of wood be putt in practice and Observed p^sueant to the act 
of assembly, and that the Severall officers of this Citty be mindfull 
thereof and make Seizure and Present the Defaulters. 

Ordered, that the Streetes formerly appointed to be paued and 
Neglected be fully done and Effected within the Space of one month 
by each Respective inhabitant under the penalty of 12^ each that Shall 
Neglect the Same 

Att A Common Councell Held att the 
Citty Hall in the Citty of Newyorke 
the 7*^ day of Septemb** 1685 

The assessors Returned the valuaion of the houses Lands and 
Personall Estates within their Severall Wards. 

Orderfd, that M** Alderman Bayard M*" Alderman Lawrence, M"* 
De bryne and M^ Merrett [286] doe Examine the Valuaions made by 
the assessors, and See where any overualued to abate and if Und^ 
to add, and that all be proportionably done and make their Reporte on 
Saturday Next in Common Councell 

The Councell adjourned till Next Saturday. 

Att a Common Councell Held att the 
Citty Hall in the Citty of New^Yorke y* 
12^** day of Septemb^ 1685 

The assessors in the Dock ward Haveing braught in an unequall 
and unproportionable valuaion of the Estates of the inhabitants there 
Ordered that they doe amend the Same between this and Munday next 
and Make it proportionable With the valuaions in the other wards 
Under the penalty of five pounds forfeiture. 

The Petition of Satd Browne Recomended bv the Governor Was 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 169 

read, and the Councells opinion indorsed thereupon Was that noe Jew 
<>ught to Sell by Retaile within this Citty But may by whole Sale if the 
Governor think fitt to permitt the same 

Att a Common Councell Held att the 
Citty Hall in the Citty of Newyorke the 
I4**» day of Septemb"^ 1685 

The Porters appeareing and Refuseing to Comply with the ord^'s 
made about Cording of wood were dismissed from being any Longer 
porters only Walter Hyer and Claes ffrancen to give their attendance 
att the bridge this day. 

The assessors haveing braught in the Valuaions of the Severall 
Wards in all amounting to [287] £75694 which were approved of 
Ordered that the same be Reduced into one List Alphibetically and 
that a tax of three farthings in the Pound be forthwith Raised and 
Collected for payment of the Cittys debt and defraying of publique 
Charge. 

The Jews Petition to the Governo'' for Liberty to Exercise their 
Religion, Being by him Recommended to the Mayo*" and aldermen was 
read in Common Councell, and they Returned their opinions thereupon 
That noe publique Worship is Tolerated by act of assembly, but to 
those that professe faith in Christ, and therefore the Jews Worship not 
to be allowed. 

A warrant to William Welsh to 
Collect the arreares of Several Taxes &c. 

By the Mayo** 

Whereas att a Common Councell held att the Citty Hall in the 
Citty of Newyorke, the 24*^ day of August last past, It was Ordered, 
that William Welsh Should be appointed to Collect the arreares of the 
taxaion on houses in the yeares 1679 and 1680, as alsoe the arreares of 
the tax of two hundred pounds raised by ord^ in Common Councell the 
15*** of august 1684 Particuler Lists and accounts of w^l» are hereunto 
annexed These are therefore in his Majestyes Name to appoint autlior- 
ize and impower you the said William Welsh forthwith upon Receipt 
hereof, to ask demand. Receive Collect and Levy of the Severall persons 
in the Said Lists hereunto annexed named the Several SunTes of mony 
therein Specif yed, and that yow Render an account of your Proceedings 
therein to the [288]Mayo^ of this Citty and make payment of what you 
shall thereupon Receive Collect or Levy unto him or to the Threasurer 
for the time being without delay And if any person or persons therein 



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1 7© 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



named Shall refuse to inake payment of what therein Charged Yow are 
to Levy the Same by distresse and Sale of their goods and Chatties, And 
for yo' soe doeing this shall be yo*" Sufficient Warrant 

Given Under my hand in Newyorke this day of Septemb"^ 

in the First yeare of his Majestyes Reigne Annoq*= domini 1685 

October the thirteenth 1685 

The names of the Severall officers Chosen 
for the Yeare Ensueing 
Andrew Bowne 



[289] 



John Robinson 
William Beekman 
John Delavall 
Abraham Depoister 
Johannes Kipp 
John Hendrix bruyn 
Abraham Corbett 
Johannes van brugh 
Wolfert Webber 
Nicholas Demyer 
Teunis Decay 
Jacobus Kipp 
Gerritt Jansen Rosse 
Elias Leisten 
Thomas Crundall 
Nicholas D Laplaine 
John D La maitre 
Anthony Serle 

Paulus Richards 
Peter De Reimer 
Robert White 
Baltus Bayard 
William De mayer 
Joseph Lawrance 
Resolue Waldron 
Jacob Kipp 
Anthony Demilt 
John Crooke 
Jacob Boelen 
Lendert Hughen 



. Aldermen 



>Comon Councell men 



Constables 



> assessors 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 171 

The Present Mayo"* and aldermen their 
Supplycaion to the Governor to appoint a 
Mayo' and Sherriffe for the yeare Ensueing 
To the Right Hono^J*^ Colt: Thomas 
Dongan Liev*: and Governor of his Ma**** 
Collony of Newyorke 
Humbly Presenteth to yo"* Honor the Mayo"* Recorder and alder- 
men of his Majestycs Citty of Newyorke, That for the Well and Gov- 
ernment of the said Citty Yo' Hono*" hath been pleased to Grant and 
al ow, that a Ma}o'^ Shall be appointed every yeare by yo' Hono*" and 
Councell And to be one of the aldermen Chozen by the ffreemen of 
the Said Citty And that a Sherriffe be Likewise annually appointed. 
The usuall time of which appointments, Haveing been on his Majes- 
tyes birthday w*^? being neere att hand Wee Humbly pray yo"* Hono^ 
That for the yeare Ensueing a mayo'^ and Sherriffe may be [290] 
appointed accordingly. And wee further make Knowne to yo"* Hono*", 
That for aldermen for the yeare Ensueing, the ffreemen of this Citty 
Have Chozen the persons aforenamed 

Newyorke October the Nineteenth 1685 
The Mayo*^ and aldermen mett att Citty 
Hall and tooke their places according to 
Election 

The old Common Councell were discharged and the New Sworne 

The old assessors were discharged, and New Called 

The old Constables Discharged and New Called who all appeared 
but m*" Thomas Crundall and were Sworne. 

Thomas Crundall after appearing Refused to Serve Ordered that 
another be Chozen in his Stead and hee to pay the fine of five pound 
for his Refusall. 

The Mayo*" Recorder aldermen and Common Councell being to- 
gather in Common Councell proceeded to make choise of a theasurer. 

Peter De Lanoy was Chozen and appointed to be theasurer for the 
yeare Ensueing 

Ordered that there be 12^ in the pound allowed to the theasurer 
for all Receipts and payments of the publique mony. 

Ordered, that noe aldermen or Common Councell man doe absent 
himselfe either from the Court or Common Councell Without Leave 
from the mayo^ Sicknesse or absence out of the Citty and County 
Excepted Under the penalty of 12* for each default, to be [291] dis- 
posed off att the mayo'^s pleasure 



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172 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Resolved that the Aldermen in each Ward doe inspect what per- 
sons within their Severall wards are poorc and Wanting almes for 
their Susteanance and make Certificate tliereof to the Mayo*^ that Care 
may be forthwith taken for their Releife out of the publique Theas- 
ury of this Citty and County Except by Neglect of the Constables of 
either ward, they are to be maintained by any particuler ward according 
to former Ord^s. 

Resolved, that the Revenue ariseing to tliis Citty by Dockmony be 
lett to farme to the Highest Bidder on this day Seven night att the 
Signe of the three Marriners about five in the afternoon 

Att a meeting of the Mayo*" and alder- 
men of the Citty of Newyorke att the 
towne Hall 23 day of Octob"* 1685 
Appeared Jacob Decay Reiner Williamson and Anthony Demilt 
Bakers of this Citty Approved by the Rest of the bakers to be Super- 
visors of bread, and took an oath That at any time when they Shall 
be thereto Required by any officer for that purpose appointed, they will 
give their Judgement (upon the view of any bread to be baked within 
this Citty) Whither the same be according to the Standard of this 
Citty or noe. 

Ordered that the said Jacob Decay, Reiner Williamson and An- 
thony Demilt, doe bring in a List of what Bakers are Necessary and 
fitt for that imployment within this Citty by the next Court 

[292] October the twenty Seventh 1685 

The Mayo^ and aldermen being mett att the Citty Hall, the day to 
w^^ the Mayor's Court w^as adjourned, noe bussines presenting the 
Same was adjourned for a fortnight longer Cornclis Yand^burgh 
Sworne Constable for the Dockv;ard 

Ordered that m*" William Bogardus the Late theasurer of this 
Citty, doe forthwith deliver up all the bookes papers and accounts be- 
longing to the said Citty to m^ Peter De Lanoy the |Fsent theasurer 

thereof 

A Warrant to William Welsh to Col- 
lect the tax of three q^s : in the Pound 
By the Mayo^ and aldermen 

Wpiereas the Mayo*", Aldermen and Common Councell of this Citty 
assembled in the Common Hall thereof the I4*^ of Septemb^ Last past 
By virtue of the power and authority Given them by an act of Generall 
assembly Entituled an act for defraying the publique and Necessary 
[expenses] of each Respective Citty towne and County &c. for paym^ 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 173 

of the debts Owing by the said Citty and for defraying other Publique 
Charges belonging to the same Have Caused vakiaion of the Estates 
both reall and personall of all and Singuler the inhabitants of the said 
Citty to be made by the assessors [293] Chozen and appointed for that 
Purpose And according to the valuaion by them made as aforesaid. 
They have ordered a tax to be raised of three farthings in the pound 
to be paid by each of the said Inhabitants, W^l* for the Satisfaction 
of each person and Easie Collecting thereof Is reduced into one bookc 
or List Alphabetically and hereunto annexed, and amounts to the SunTe 
of £221 : 19 : 9^ : These are therefore to appoint authorize and im- 
power Yow William Welsh to be Collector of tlie said tax and to 
Collect and Levy the Same of the Severall inhabitants within this Citty 
According as in the booke or list hereunto annexed they are assessed, 
rated, and Charged, Soe that yow may have the Same on or before 
the day of next Ensueing to Satisfye and pay unto the tlieas- 

urer of this Citty And in case any Shall Neglect or refuse to Satisfye 
and pay what they are assessed and rated in the said tax as aforesaid 
Yow are to Levy the Same by distresse and Sale of their goods and 
Chattells Rendring to them the Overplus if any and upon yo*" request 
or desire any or either of the Constables of this Citty are hereby re- 
quyred to be aiding and assisting to yow herein as occassion [may de- 
mand], And for soe doeing this Shall be unto yow and them a Sufficient 
Warrant, Given Under my hand in Newyorke the day of Oc- 

tober in the first yeare of the Reigne of our Sovereigne Lord James 
the Second of England &c. King Annoq® Domini 1685 

By the Mayo*" and Aldermen 

The assize and value of bread is ap- 
pointed to be as followeth viz^ : 
A white bread Loafe weighing twelue ounces, to be Sold for five 
Stivers wampum. 

[294] ffine Ranged bread, the bran being wholly taken out weighing 
fouer pounds three quarters Six pence. 

Wheate bread of meale as it Comes from the Mill weighing Nine 
pounds Nine pence. January 8*^ 1685 [-6] 

Att a Common Councell Held att the 
Citty Hall within the said Citty on Wednes- 
day the 13*^ January 1685 [-6] 
Resolued that there be Severall Bakers appointed to bake on 
each day of the Weeke bread for Sale und"" the penalty of 5? to be 
paid by each p^'son soe appointed as shall Neglect to doe the same 



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174 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



The Reporte made by m^ Alderman Delavall and Depoister about 
the Porters rates allowed off and the Number to be assertained and 
Sworne 

Ordered that Alderman Bowne and Depoister doe draw up ord''s to 
Regulate the office and duty of porters. 

Ordered that the rate to be paid by the Inhabitants of the outward 
in the Mayoralty of M^ Minviel and not yett Collected be proportion- 
ably raised on the Said Inhabitants and Collected with the Late tax. 

Ordered that m*" Kipp and m^ De bruyne doe Examine and audite 
the accounts of m*" Gabriel Minviel the Late mayo*^ Relateing to the 
pubilque Concerns of the Citty and make Reporte. 

Adrian Westerhouts makeing applicaion for Satisfaction for his 
ground that was taken away to make the New Streete, the said Arian 
did Consent and agree to Convey his Right and title therein to the Citty 
And in Consideraion thereof its ordered, that he be free of all Pub- 
lique taxes for the use of the said Citty dureing the terme of Six yeares 
from the date hereof as alsoe freed from the paymt of what he is 
already taxed 

[295] Ordered that the Person appointed to be Sealer of weights and 
measures, be Sworne before the mayo*" faithfully and truely to per- 
forme the said Office, And then to have power to Scale the Same 
without the Presence of an Alderman 

By Virtue of an order directed to us 
John Delavall and Abraham Depoister, 
bearing date the 22^^ of Decemb*" 1685 
ffrom m*^ Nicholas Bayard Mayo*": to Ex- 
amine the usuall Rates taken by the Porters 
And soe to give our opinion in writeing In 
pursuance thereof Wee aprove of these fol- 
lowing Rates for all goods that are Nett 
Weighed. ^ ^ ^ 

Ff or a butt of Liquors — -: 2: — 

Ff or a butt of Liquors ^-^ : i ir^ 

for a full Hogh^ Liq"* r^ :^ : 6 

for a full teirce of d? ^^ :<^ : 4 

for a barren of d? — :^^ : 3 

for a Quarter Caske — • : — - : 2 

for a ancor — :• — : i 

for a barrell beef e Porke or Corne tarr or oyle , — :^-^ : 3 

for a Large Weighty bail /— ': 1:^— ' 

for an ordinarv bail ^^ : — ■ : 6 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 175 

It s d 



6 

6 
6 

3 
6 



for a Small bail ^ 

for a Large Case <- 

for an Ordinary Case ^ 

for an Small Case '- 

for an hoghd tobacco ^ 

for Corne or flower p*" hund*"^ bushell ^ 

for a hoghd : weighty dry goods '- 

for a Hogg r* 

for a beefe ^ 

Newyorke this y^\} of January 1685-6 Signed John Delavall 

A;D:Poister: 
[296] The Porters from the Scale. Gild- Stivers 

Ffor flower the barrell ^^ 

for halfe a barrell - — • 

for bread the hh? ^^ 

the barrell — 

the halfc barrell r^ 

for iron the barr ' — 

for lead full Scale i 

halfe a Scale — 

q'^ Scale ^^ 

for Sugar ye hh** I 

the tearce ^^ 

the barrell — 

the halfe barrell ^-^ 

for a beefe i 

for a hogg ^^ 

for bread the bagg ^-^ 

for flower the bagg ^^ 

for butter the tub /-^ 

for dere Skins the bundle - — ' 

for Loose Skins the Scale I 

for hides wett and dry each /-^ 

for logwood or other wood y« Scale 5 

for a greate Cable i 

for a lesse i 

for a lesse ^-^ 

for each quoile of Small Cordidge ^— ' 

Wool and Cotton the bagg '— ' 

and other goods Proportionable 



6 

4 

12 

6 

4 

2 

10 
5 

16 
8 
6 

f^ 
10 

2 
2 

4 
2 



lO 
10 

2 
4 



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176 



MINUTES OK THE COMMON COUNCIL 



By Virtue of an Ord"" directed to us Abraham Depoister and John 
Delavall from Nicholas Bayard Mayo^ to ^s^ive our Opinions in write- 
ing Concerning what Rates the Porters Sliould Demand att the Scale 
Wee doe in pusueancc thereof approve of the Rates Specifyed in the 
above as witnesse our hands in Newyorke this 7^!? January 1685-6: 
Signed John Delavaf.l A: D: Poister 



[297] 



An Ord^ about Bakers 



on Munday < 



Forasmuch as att a Common Councell held in the said Citty the 
13'*^ instant It was amongst other things Ordered and Resolued, that 
there be Scverall Bakers appointed to bake bread for Sale on each 
day of the Weeke Under the penalty of five Shillings to be payed by 
each person Soe appointed And Neglecting to obserue the Same The 
Severall Persones following are hereby ordered and appointed to 
bake Each one batch of w'hite and Course bread at Least for Sale of 
due Assize On^ the Respective daycs herein Specifyed (Viz*) 

^Ilendrick Willemsen 

Thomas Lawrence baker 

Tluyg Barent^en 

Gersie Lewis 
rilendrik Johnsen van veurden 
on Tuesday < Antony Demilt 

[^Catrina Ilooghlant 
''Jacobus De Kay 

Marretie the widdow of Nicies the baker 

Gerret Cornelissen 
^ David Provoost 
TBrymer Willemsen 
J Luycas Kierstede 
1^ Peter Jansen de Paap 
'Jasper Nessipat 

Anna van vleck widdow 

Lendert Huygen de Kleyn 

Johannes Vander Spregel 
'Teunis De Kay 

Jan van Slensburgh 

Nicolas Demeyer 

Isaac fforrest 

Jacobus Virhulst 
^Anna Poppelaers widdow 



on Wednesday 



on Thursday 



on Fryday 



on Saturdav -< 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 177 

[298] Given under my hand this twenty first 

day of January in the first yeare of the 
Reigne of our Sovereigne Lord James the 
Second of England &c. King Annoq* Dom- 
ini 1685 [-6] 

Signed N Bayard Mayo'^. 
Directed to m' Jacob De Kay m*" Reynier 
Willemsen and m*" Antony Demilt Over- 
seers of the bakers, To be by them Commu- 
nicated to the Rest of the Bakers. 

A warrant to the Constables of the Bowry 

division in the outward for Collecting their 

proportion of the tax. 

By the Mayo' and Aldermen 

Whereas, the Proportion of the tax made in the yeare 1684, As 

alsoe of that made the fourteenth day of Septembe"" Last past assessed 

to be payed by the inhabitants in the bowry division of the outward 

amounts to the Sume of twelue pounds thirteen Shillings and Seven 

pence halfe penny These are therefore to appoint authorize and Im- 

power yow the present Constable for the said division to 

be Collector of the said Sume And to Collect and Levy the Same of the 

Severall Inhabitants within the said Division According as in the Lists 

hereunto annexed they are assessed Rated and Charged Soe that yow 

may have the Same on or before the day of next Ensueing 

to Satisfye and pay unto the threasurer of this Citty and in case any 

Shall Neglect or Refuse to Satisfye and Pay What they are Assessed 

[299] and Rated in the said taxes as aforesaid Yow are to Levy the 

Same by distresse and Sale of their goods and Chattells, Rendering* 

to them the overplus if any Given under my hand in New Yorke the 

day of January in the first yeare of the Reigne of our Sovereigne 

Lord James the Second of England &c : King, Annoq^ Domini 1685 [-6] 

In Pursueance of an ord*": in Court for 

Regulaion of the porters Concerning the 

time of their attendance att the Bridge and 

Weigh house Wee under written give for 

our opinions as followeth. 

From aprile i ™? to the first of October from Six the Clock in the 

morning to twelue a Clock from two a Clock till Sun Sett, from the 

first of October to the Last of March from Eight a Clock in the 

Morning to twelue from two a Clock to fouer a Clock in the after- 

Vol. T.— 12 



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178 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

'noone, two of the porters to give their attendance, all this houres att 

the bridge and Weigh house. Signed Andrew Bowne, A: D: 

Peyster 

March mo, i68%. . ^ ^ n u , , ^ ^, 

Att a Common Councell Held for the 

Citty of Newyorke the 24^^ day of Aprile 

Anno Domini 1686 

Upon Reading the Charter, It is agreed by the CoiTTon Councell, 
that they will pay his lioniF 200^^ upon Signeing the Same, and give 
him Security for 100" more in Six months. 

That the fee Lycences to retaile Drinke Exceed not 5^ the fine 
for Retaileing 19? and the fee for frcedomes 5" 

That the Mayo*" take care to raise the said 200** paying therefore 
Such interest as to him Shall Sceme fitt And doe Likewise take Care 
to Secure [300] the said 206^ to the person of whom he Shall take 
up the same and the said 100** to the Governour. 

Resolued that [at] the next Common Councell to be held in this 
Citty Effectuall Care Shall be taken for the Reimbursmcnt of the said 
300^* and other the Charges Concerning the said Charter. 

A Proclamaion about Harbouring or 
tradeing with Indians 
By the Governo* in Councill 
Whereas I have Received information that many irregularitycs 
and abuses are frequently Committed, by reason that Severall Persons 
doe privately Harbour and trade with the Indians, To prevent the 
Same, It is therefore Ordered That no Person or persons Whatsoever 
doe harbour or Entertaine any Indian or Indians And Sell or trafficke 
with them Except Liberty and Lycence be first obtained for the same 
As they will answer the Contrary att their Perills Given under my 
hand att Fortt James the 15*^ day of aprile 1686 Signed 

To the Mayo"^ and Aldermen of the Citty Tno : Dongan 

of Newyorke to be forthwith Published. 
Passed the Office. John Spragge Secfy. 

Att a Common Councell Held att the 

Citty Hall for the Citty of Newyorke the 

Eleventh day of may 1686. 

M' Mayo*" Reports that he had paid £300 for the Patent and £24 

to the Secfy and had taken the same up at ten ^ Cent Interest, to be 

payed in a yeare W*^^ is allowed oflf and Resolued that Care be taken 

pursueant to the above ord"" to raise mony for Satisfyeing thereof and 

what other Charges Shall be Expended thereon. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 179 

£301] Resolued and Ordered that m'' mayo*^ Ald'^man Depeyster 
m' De myer and m*" De Key be appointed as a Committee to Consider 
what wayes proper for raiseing the mony paid for the pattent, And if 
they Shall thinke fitt that the Same be raised by Sale of Lands, That 
then they be hereby impowered to Sell and dispose of soe much land as 
will amount to the Sume for the most benefite and advantage of the 
Citty of all which to make Reporte 

Att a CoHTon Councell held in the Citty 
of Newyorke the 24*** day of Jully 1686 

Ordered that noe Negroe or Slave be Suffered to worke the bridge 
as a Porter about any goods either Exported or imported from or into 
this Citty. 

Ordered that the Markett house of this Citty be and Employed as 
a warehouse for goods, Each tunne of Caske paying Nine pence for 24 
houres and each bayle of goods and soe Proportionably, And 

that the mayo*" appoint a fitt person to be Keeper of the same Who 
Shall for the next Six months Have the halfe of the profite thereof 
for his Service. 

M*" Bowne and m*" Delavall appointed and desired to draw up 
Ord^'s Concerning the Wharfe and Retume the Same to the Comon 
Councell att their next Sitting. 

The Petition of Sarah Burger on the behalfe of Elizabeth Shakerly 
being read It is deferred till the next Sitting of the Common Councell. 

Ordered that Aldermen Depeyster John van burgen and John 
Delavall be the auditors And that they or any of them Shall audite 
from time to time the accounts of this Citt>^ dureing the Mayoralty of 
the present Mayo'^ 

The Mayo^ Presented the New Scale of this Citty with this inscrip- 
tion, SiGiLLUM CiviTAT Novi Which is agreed upon and or- 
dered to be the Comon Scale of this Citty and to Remaine in the 
Custody of the mayo*" for the time being. 

Ordered that the ground from the house of [302] ffredrike Phillips 
to the house of Lucas Kirstead and from thence to the house of Wid- 
dow Mathews and from the house of Thomas Crimdell to the said 
Citty Hall be by the Severall inhabitatants Paved from the front of 
their houses nine foote deep into the Streete within two month after 
Notice thereof to them givin 

Ordered that Adolphus Paulus Richards William Cox 

Samuell Willson and Isaac Van Vleck Haveing Surveyed, Acquaint the 
Common Councell in what places of this Citty It is Convenient to 
make Publick Wells. 



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i8o MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

An Ordf of the Common Councell Pro- 
hibiting Negroes to worke as porters &c 
By the Mayo^ aldermen and assistants of y* 
Citty of Newyorke in Common Councell the 
fouer and twentieth day of JuUy Anno Domini 
1686 
Whereas Severall Negroes and Indian Slaves within this Citty 
have Constantly beene and Still dayly are Employed by their respective 
Masters to worke on the bridge Weighhouse and Markett house of 
this Citty about the goods of their Respective Masters there lyeing or 
being, which is found to be of very evill Consequence And tending 
greately to the discouragement and Losse of Such of the Inhabitants of 
this Citty as are Sworne porters thereof It is therefore hereby Ordered, 
That from henceforth Noe Negroe or indian Slave, be admitted to 
worke upon or intermeddle with any goods whatsoever w^V Shall be on 
the bridge or in the weighhouse or in the Markett house of the said 
Citty Either imported or in ord^ to be Exported out of this Government 
But that the Same Shall be Received and delivered by the Sworne 
porters of this Citty and Noe others And all persons are hereby Strictly 
Required to obserue the Same As they will answer the breach thereof 
att their perill. 

[303] A Proclamaion by the Governo^ in 

Councell for prorogueing the Assembly to 
the 25*^ March Next. 

By the Governo" in Councill 
Whereas^ the Generall Assembly of tliis province hath beene ad- 
journed Untill the five and twentieth Day of Septemb"^ next for weighty 
and important Reasons me thereunto moveing I thought fitt by and with 
the advice and Consent of the Councill to prorogue the said Generall 
Assembly untill the five and twentieth day of March Next Ensueing 
the date hereof Whereof [wherefore] I thought good to give Notice 
to all the Members thereof And to all others whom it may Concerne. 
That they need not give their attendance att the time appointed accord- 
ing to the adjournment aforesaid Given under my hand att Fortt James 
in Newyorke the 4*^ day of Septemb' 1686 and in the Second yeare of 
his Majestyes Reigne. Signed. Tno: Dongan 

To the Sherriflfe of the Citty and County 
of Newyorke or other Magistrates and 
office's to be forthwith Published 
Passed the Office. J : Spragge Sec'^y : 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK i8i 

Att a Common Councell Held in the Citty 
of Newyorke the lo*** day of Septemb'' 1686 

M' Smith Refused to produce any title to the Land in the Dock 
But said if the Citty thought fitt to meddle with it He would En- 
deavour to Maintaine a Right The rest of the inhabitants have time 
givin till Monday in the afternoone to Consider and make their pro- 
posals Concerning the ground in the dock. 

The Mayor produced a Retume of an ord*^ for appointing Conveni- 
ent places for makeing publick Wells which was one before the house of 
Corbett in the broad way of w^^ it is ordered that M*" Juert take the 
Care One before the house of William Versmere in the broad way of 
which [304] M' Francis Rombolt Is to take the Care, One before the 
house of m*" William Merrett off which Derick Teneyck is to take the 
Care, One before the house of James provoost of which Teunis De Kay 
is to take the Care One fronting to the Smiths Streete neere the house 
of John Cavaleire of which Ahasuerus Hendricks and ffrancis Wessells 
are to take the Care. One before the house of Thomas Lewis of vf^V 
Barent Lewis is to take the Care One before the house of Andreas 
Teller of w*=** Alderman Cox Is to take the care One fronting to the 
upper end of the bridge Streete of w^t Peter Deremer is to take Care 
and one fronting the house of William D tronneur w*^** Cornelis Van 
Der burgh is to take care. 

Ordered that the said Wells be forthwith made of Stone and that 
the one halfe of the Charge of them be borne by the inhabitants of 
every Streete proportionably and the other halfe by the Citty. 

The Petition of Henry Beckman being Read It is referred to a 
former ord' Concerning it Ordered that m' Teunis De Kay and m' 
Kipp doe attend the Mayo' to Survey the Land in the Swamp for m*^ 
Comelissen. 

13^^ Septemb' 1686 

Resolued that the Mayo' be desired to manage the Concerne of the 
I^nd in the Dock as to him Seemes meet And acquainte the Common 
Councell of his proceedings therein the next meeting. 

Thursday the 14^** 1686 
The old Mayo' aldermen and assistants mett in Common Councell. 

Resolued that the precedency of aldermen of this Citty for the 
future Shall be according to the priority of offices by them formerly 
borne in this Citty Or for defect of Such priority, to be at the 
Discretion [305] and appointment of the mayo' for the time being 



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l82 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



>- For Aldermen 



y For Assistance 



The Mayo" gave in the Returne of the officers Chosen for this 
Citty for the yeare Ensueing as followeth (viz*) Pursueant to my 
Warrant directed to the Severall aldermen of this Citty and County 
for to Conveene the freeholders and Inhabitants, and to Nominate and 
Elect Such Officers as by the Charter of this Citty is directed The said 
Aldermen have made their Returne that accordingly are Chosen and 
Elected 

m*" Francis Rombouts 

m*" Johannes van brugh 

m*" Isaac van vieck 

m"^ Johannes Debruyne 

m*" Jacobus van Cortlandt 

m*" Thomas Crundell 

m' Samuell Willson 

m"" William Cox 

m' Balthazar Bayard 

m*" Teunis De Kay 

m*" Peter Delanoy 

m*" Johannes van Covenhoven 

m*" Jacob Boele 

m*" Lendert Huyge 

m"" Francis Parsons 

m' Richard Elliot 

m*" John Smith 

m"^ Peter Deriemer 

m*" Jan van Gelder 

m"^ Teunis dey 

m' Robert LeyCock 

m"^ Robert Sincklar 

m' Jacobus Kipp 

m*" Daniell Ternuer 

George Walgraw 

James Mathews 

Goert olphirts 

Johannes Clopper 

John Pattee 

Carsten Carstense 

Jan Hendrix van brevoort 

[306] Which done the Mayo*" and Aldermen attended his Excellency 
and the Councell, where the old Mayo' was Swome for the yeare 



> For Assessors 



>'For Constables 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 183 

Ensueing and they Returned to the Citty Hall, where the New Alder- 
men were Called, who all appeared but m^ Rombouts and m*" Crundell, 
And were Sworne and the old dismissed And the new ones tooke tlieir 
Places. 

The New assistants Called who all appeared by M*" Willson and 
m'' Covenhoven who were absent and were Sworne the old dismissed 
And the new tooke their places 

The Oath administred to the Aldermen of the Citty. 

Whereas you A : B : &c. are Chosen to be the Aldermen of this 
his Majestyes Citty and Corporaion of Newyorke and the Liberty es 
thereof for one whole yeare next Ensueing, Yow do Sweare by the 
ever living God That you will truely Endeavour to the best of yo' 
Skill with a good Conscience, and according to the Laws of the Govern- 
ment Dispence Justice equally and impartially in all cases and to all 
persons Whereunto by virtue of yo*" office Yow are impowered 
Yow will Endeavour the peace and prosperity of this CorporSion by 
Putting in Practice Such Peculiar Laws as at Present or from time to 
time are or Shall be found Necessary or Expedient for the good of the 
Inhabitants And the EstablishmV of their Just Rights and Priviledges, 
Soe help yow God. 

A warrant to W*? Welsh to Collect the 
arreares of Severall taxes &c. 
By the Mayo* 

These are in his Majestyes Name to appoint authorize and Im- 
power Yow m"" William Welsh forthwith upon Receipt hereof to ask 
demand [307] Receive and Collect of the Severall persons in the Lists 
or Schedules hereunto annexed Named the Severall and Respective 
SuiTTe and SuTTTes of mony therein Specifyed And in Case any Shall 
Refuse to make payment of what therein Charged Yow are to Levy 
the same by distresse and Sale of their goods and Chatties, Soe 
that yow may have the Same to Satisfye and pay unto the Threasurer 
of this Citty on or before the day of next Ensueing 

and all and Every of the Constables of the said Citty are hereby Strictly 
Charged and Commanded to be aiding and assisting to yow therein, 
and for your Soe doeing this Shall be yo*" Sufficient warrant Given 
Under my hand this twenty fifth day of octob"" in the Second yeare 
of his Majestyes Reigne Annoq* Domini 1686. 

A Warrant to the Sherriffe for the Tav- 
erne Keepers to Renue their Lycenccsse. 
Nicholas Bayard Esq"^ Mayo^ of the Citty of [New York] to the 



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1 84 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Sherriffe of the said Citty Greeting These are in the Kings Majestyes 
name to Require yow That yow direct your Precepts to every Petty 
Constable within the said Citty and Liberties tliereof Requiring them 
that they warne all Taveme Keepers, Inn Keepers Ordinary Keepers 
Victuallers and all Publick Sellers of wines Strong waters Syder, beere 
or any other Sort of Liquors by Retaile within the said Citty and Lyber- 
tyes thereof To be and Personally to appeare before me att my house 
within the said Citty on thursday the fourth day of November Next En- 
sueing by Nine of the Clock in the forenoone of the same day Then and 
thither bringing with them their Lycences To agree for and Renue the 
same According to the usage and Custome of the said Citty Confirmed 
by their late Charter, Given under [308] my hand this thirtyeth day of 
Octob*" in the Second yeare of his Majestyes Reigne Annoq* Domini 
1686 

An Ord* for the Chimney Sweeper. 

These are to authorize and appointe yow the said William Butler 
to be Chimney Sweeper for this Citty Hereby Requiring yow for that 
end frequently to passe through all the Streetes Lanes and Passages 
within the same ; with such noise or Cry as may Discover yow to the 
inl^.abitants thereof, to be the person for that Employment appointed, 
At.d for your Sweeping of all or any of the Chimneys in this Citty Yow 
Shall and may demand and Receive as followeth (viz*) for a Chimney 
of one Story one Shilling for a Chimney of two Storeyes or more 
Eightecne pence and for every Kitchin Chimney of two Storeyes Cur- 
rant mony of this Citty And for soe doeing, this shall be your Sufficient 
warrant Dated this 23^ day of Decemb^ Anno domini 1686 Signed 
N: Bavakd Mayo'. 

Att a Common Councell held att the Citty 
Hall In the Citty of Newyorke the 13**^ 
January 1686 [-7] 

Ordered that m*" alderman van brugh m*" alderm.an vanvleeck and 
m' Baltus Bayard doe forthwith audite the Threasurers a^o*' of this 
Citty for the yeare past. 

Resolved that m"^ Peter Delanoy doe Continue Threasurer of this 
Citty for the yeare Insueing 

Resolued that applicaion be made to his Exc^ll^^ for ConfirmSion 
by him and the Councell pursuant to the late Commission from his 
[309] Majestye of the Charter by him before granted to this Citty and 
m' Mayo"^ and m*" Recorder are impowered to procure the Same. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 185 

Ordered that m*^ Alderman Crundall m*' De Lanoy and m*^ Baltus 
Bayard doe Examine and audite the a^o** of the Charges about Make- 
ing the Publique Wells in this Citty And Retume them to the Mayo*" 
forthwith. 

Resolved, that the Inhabitants of this Citty be assessed for pay- 
ment of the halfe Charge of the Wells according to the division made 
by m*" mayo' and to be Rated by the assessors on the houses and ground 
only But to be payed by the tennants or those that possesse the Same, 
and to be done proportionably haveing Reguard to the greater or Lesser 
Conveniency Each house or ground has thereby 

Ordered that m*^ Threasurer doe inspect into and Examine the 
aC?o^» of S' Edmond Androsse and m' Stephanus Cortland and forth- 
with Reporte to the mayo*" what he finds due to them from this Citty. 

Ordered that m' Alderman Cortland and m' Tunis De Kay doe view 
and inspect the Land belonging to Arien Cornelissen and Bastian 
Elisen and make Reporte to the mayo^ of what vacant Land they can 
find there. 

The Division made by the Mayo*" for 
assessing the inhabitants for the Halfe 
Charge of the publique Wells vizt W*^? was 
approved of in Councl' 

For the Well of Peter Deriemer to Extend from Hendrick Williams 
Baker inclusive to Jonathan Champion And soe to the new house of 
m«" fredrik Phillips on the South Side of the brewers Streete inclusive 
And from Mary Mathews Widdow fS^o] to the Corner of m''s 
Steenwicks and from thence to Lucas Kierstede Inclusive 

for the Well of Derick Tenyek and John vincent from the 
houses of m*^ Hans Kiersteede and Jasper Nessipate inclusive to the 
houses of aegt Jans and William Bogardus inclusive. 

for the Well of Tennis De Kay from Hcndrik Jans van veirden and 
Derick Claesen pott bakers widdow to Leendert huyg and Jacobus Kip 
inclusive 

for the Well of Assuerus Hendrix and ffrancis Wessells from the 
house of Peter Janse Baker to the house of John wessells and soe to 
the Comer house of asser Levy inclusive. And from y« west side of the 
garden Streete being the Lott of John Sipkes to the Lott of John 
Tunissen poop and soe round to John Everts Karsebooms widdow to 
the east of the Princes Graft Exclusive. 

for the well of m*" William Cox from the Corner of Conraet Ten 
Eyckes house to the Comer of Martin Clox house inclusive. 



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1 86 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

for the wells of m'' Rombouts and Geoert Olpherts to be paid in 
Generall from Elias post and Derick De Noremans to the houses of 
Thomas Cooker and John Steevens widdow. 

A Warrant to William Welsh to Collect 
the Moyetye of the Charge of the publick 
Wells due from the Scu^'all inhabitants of 
this Citty. 

By the Mayor and Ald^mex 

Whereas the ]\IayoT Aldermen & Comon Councell of this Citty have 
Caused sev'all publique Wells to be made in this Citty, And have 
thought fitt to Order That y^ Charge of makeing the same should be 
equally [311] borne between the publique Stock of the sayde Citty & 
the respective Inhabitants of the same & whereas the Assessors Chosen 
& Appoynted for y* purpose have returned to the Mayor of this Citty 
y? Assessment hereunto Annexed Wherein for the generall satisfaction 
Each Inhabitant is Assessed acco^'^ing to the greater or less convenience 
he may receive by y^ sayd Wells, And which Assessment amounts in 
the whole to 

These are therefore to appoynt Authorize & Impow' Yow William 
Welsh To be Collector of y*^ s^ Assessm* And to Collect & Levy the 
same of the severall Inhabitants of this Citty according as in the List 
hereunto annexed they are assessed rated and Charged Soe that yow 
may have the same to pay and satisfye unto the Persons w^^'in exprest 
On or before the sixteenth day of February Instant and in Case any 
person or persons should neglect or refuse to satisfye & pay what they 
are Assessed and rated in the sayde List as aforesayde Yow are to Levye 
the same by Distress and Sale of their Goods & Chattells Rendering to 
them the Overplus if Any. And upon your Request or desire, All or 
any the Constables of this Citty are hereby required to be Aideing and 
Assisting unto you herein as Occasion shall require, And for Soe doeing 
This shalbe unto you and them a sufficient Warrant. Given under my 
Hand This eighth day of February, Anno DoiTT: i686[-7] Annoq*= 
Regni Regis Jacobi secdi nu[n]c Angt &c Tertio 

Att a Common Councill held at y« Citty 
Hall in y« Citty of New York the 24*^ of 
ffebruary i686[-7] 

The persons appointed to Auditt the treasurers accounts brought in 
their Reporte which is Ord"ed to be Recorded and is that the Citty 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 187 

Debts due by It amount to ffive hundred & sixty fBve pounds ten shill- 
ings & two pence halfe penny & the debts Due to y<= Citty & Ready Cash 
amounts to one hundred & thirty one pound thirteen shillings & two 
pence halfe penny 

The Mayor produced an Old Adress to his Maj^^^ wherein his [312] 
Maj*»* is ReflFerred to an adresse flfrom the Govern'^ & Councill which 
was Likewise Read which sd ffirst old adress was approved of and 
Ord*ed to be Ingrossed And signed by the Mayor Ald^'men & Assistants 
to be sent to his Maj^i* by the first shipp 

the Auditors of the accounts of y** wells lately made in the Citty 
] a turned their their Reportes 

the Petition By the Mayor & ald*"men & Assistants to y^ Gov^n^ for 
a Confirmation of the Citty Charter & His Excelcy & Coun[ci]lls 
Answ*" thereon Read 

Att A Comon Cou[n]cill Held at y<= 
Citty Hall of the Citty of New York on 
Monday the 28*1' of ffebruary 1686 [-7} 

Wheras great Damages Have bin Done by ffire in this Citty by 
reason there were not Instruments to quench y^ same, for y« prevention 
the [re] of It Is Ordred that Evry Inhabitant within y« Citty whose 
Dwelling house has two Chimney shall provide one Buckett for y* use 
and Evry Inhabitant whose Dwelling house hath more then two 
hearths shall provide two Bucketts that all Brewers have six Bucketts a 
peece and all Bakers three the sd Bucketts to be provided as aforeld by 
evry y^ Sd Inhabitants by the 25*^ day of September next und^ y* penalty 
of six shillings for Evry Bucket y* shall be then wanting to be paid by 
such persons as are hereby Ord*ed to provide y^ same 

the Mayor Record^ & Ald*'m*? Debruyn are desired to treat w*^ 
Cornelius Vaner burge about y* 5d Cornelius his purchaseing from the 
Citty a slip of ground near y« State House and likewise Betweene this 
& Next sitting of the Councill to treat with all oth^'s who are willing to 
purchase land from y*^ Citty 

[313] Att a Common Councill Held att the 

Citty Hall of the Citty of New York on 
monday the 25*? day of July 1687 

John Knight Clerk of the Com? Councill sworne as followeth viz I 
Do swear by the Ever liveing god that I will faithfully Discharge the 



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1 88 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

office of Clerk of y^ Comon Councill to y*= best of my skill and also will 
not Reveal to any person what Ever y* secrets of y^ 5d Councills 
[without] license So help me god 

Vppon moron of the Mayor informing that by ord'' of y*^ 30^^!? of 
September 1686 the sale of y^ lands about the Docque and in other 
partes of y*^ Citty was left to his Management whereof he formerly made 
Reporte but finding it omitted in the Councill Book Desires y^ 5d 
Reporte may be now read and Entry thereof Made 

The said Reporte of the sales made by y^ Mayor of the ground about 
y^ Doque &c read and aproved of being an account of fourteen Lotts by 
Him sold to sev^all persons the Ballance of which is: 470*: & beares 
date y« first of May 1687 

Ordred that the Respective Constables of the Citty Do suinon 
all in their severall wards to appear before Ald^man Rombouts 

Ordred that the Respective Constables of y^ Citty Do sumon all 
y« Inhabitants of their severall Wards to appear before Ald'^man 
Rombouts Ald^'man Van Vlecq and AWman Cortland [314] or any two 
of them at the Citty Hall & there Give an account of their ffreedomes 
to the sd aldermen who are appointed a CoiTTittee to Judge who shall 
be allowed as flfreemen and who not that y^ Names of such as shall be 
allowed May be Enrolled and the Mayor is to appoint the Times of their 
Citting 

the treasurers account of the Cittys Case to the I3*V of October 
1686 

Ordred that Ald^? Debruyn Ald^man Cortlandt & Mr Cox or any 
two of them be auditors of y® Citty accounts for p^'sent year 

The Mayor informing that the Governour desired him to take Care 
that the buildings to be made at y* Dock be Vniforme 

It is ordred that y* Mayor with such as he shall thinke ffitt Dis- 
course y* severall Purchasers of y*= lotts there uppon that Point 

Ordred that Alderman Cortland and M"" Teunis Dekey view the 
streets of the Citty and Reporte to the Next Councill how they find 
them that that Care may be taken for makeing Comon shores and to 
Pave and mend them as will be found necessary 

the Mayor informing that the Citty is now Considerably indebted 
Desires that some meanes may be used for the payment thereof. 

Ordred that the Mayor see what land about y*^ Citty may be sold and 
that he make sale thereof in ord^ to the payment of the M Debts 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 189 

I315] Att a ConTon Councill Held att y« Citty 

Hall of the Citty of New York within the 
said Citty on Monday y* Eighth of August 
1687 

The Mayor Informes that he with aWman Cortland and M^ Teunis 
Dekey who were appointed to view y*= streets have vieued them and 
think convenient that the Pavement of the Guttering y^ Here Graft be 
taken up ffrom Cornelius Barnes his house to Alderman Crundels and 
be new paved so that the Descent all along may be Equall and that it be 
paved on both sides for y* Descent of the water to y* River as shall be 
Directed by y* sworne surveyors which proposall being aproved of It is 
ORDRED that the 5d street be new Paved as Is proposed. 

Ordred that the Mill street be Repaired in y* same Manner and that 
y« Pavement of y* Brewers street be likewise new Layd ffrom Jasper 
Nessepats to Brant skuylers house and that y*^ inhabitants of y« streets 
be Respectively at y* Charge of so much as lys before their Respective 
ffronts and that y* whole be finished by y* first Day of October und*^ 
the penalty of ten shillings to be paid Evry person before whose 
[land] y« same shall not be perfected 

Ordred that the Rules and ffees for the Court of sessions & the 
Mayors Court be perfected (by M*" Record^ and those formerly ap- 
pointed to assist him) with all Expedition and they be used as the 
allowed [rules and fees] untill ord"" to the Contrary 
[316] Ordred that Alderman Cortland Assisted with the surveyors 
Make two Drafts of the land by the waterside from Coenraat teneycks 
to'Martine Clocks the same to be laid out in lots In one of y® Drafts 
as y* Inhabitants of y* same street approve and in the other as he and 
the surveyors think most Convenient the Mayor Informes that he has 
discoursed with the inhabitants next to that land who are willing to 
agree with him for the Purchase of it. 

Ordred that the Management thereof be left to the Mayor and that 
he Consider what other land is convenient to be sold to Raise mony for 
y« Cleering the Cittys Debts 

Att a Common Councill Held att the 
Citty Hall of the Citty of New York within 
the said Citty on thursday the thirteenth day 
of October 1687 

Whereas his ExCt^y the Govern'' and Councill Recomended to the 
Care of the Mayor and Ald^'men to Remove and prevent abuses in tan- 



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19© MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

ning leather and the time Of y* p^^sent Mayor & ald^men being now neer 
Expired It is Refferred to the Mayor and AWmen for the Ensueing 
year 

Ordred that from hence forth the Weighmaster weygh no hides 
whatsoevf with y* Homes or any parte of the scull or bones to them 
undr such [317] Penalty as the Mayor shall Appoint 

The Mayors account of sales by him made of the land last Councill 
Referred to him to Dispose of the whole being Eleaven Lotts to mony 
they were sold for amounts to two hundred and ninety three pounds 
seaventeen shillings and six pence Read approved & Ordred to be 
Recorded 

Ordred that y^ street to be made by the New lotts by y* Water side 
from the Weighhouse to Martin Clocks be hence forth called y« Dock 
street 

Whereas this Citty is indebted to y* town of Harlem flFor work 
Done by them y* suTne of three pounds and the said town of harlem has 
not for two years past paid any taxes or other Publique Charges of 
y*^ County It is Ordred that y* sd three pound be taken in ballance of 
the Charges they ought to have paid for y^ sd terme. 

Petition of Jarvis Marshall Dock master read Ordred that y* 
Petitioner be allowed two pounds tenn shillings and that y*^ same be 
abated him in his last quarters payment for y^ Dock 

Ordred that one halfe of y^ Charges of tlie new well sunk before 
y* widdow Lewis her house be paid by the Inhabitants, from y* sd Well 
Estward to Phillip Richardsons westward to Low Wessells and 
Johannes Hoagland and Northward to David Provoost and Jarvis 
Marshalls inclusive 

[318] Att a Common Councill Held att the Citty 

Hall of y^ Citty of New York within y® said 
Citty on ffriday the fourteenth day of 
October 1687 

the old Mayor AWmen and Assistants being mett the sd Mayor 
gave in y* Returne of the officers Chosen for this Citty for y« Year 
Ensueing as ffoUoweth viz, Citty of New York SS these are to Certiffy 
that y* Respective Aldermen of y« Citty and County of New York have 
made their Returnes unto me that the Inhabitants of their Respective 
wards being Convened and Assembled on the 29^*^ of this Inst month of 
September have pursant to an Order directed to y« said Ald^'meu 
proceeded for the Electing of one Aldrmen one Assistant two Assessors 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



191 



and one Constable for Each ward and one Constable for Harlem and 
one Constable for y^ Bowery division and have Elected as flfolloweth. 



ffor the 
West Ward 



flfor y<^ 
Eastward 



ffor the 
North Ward 



'^ffrancis Rombouts 
Balthazar Bayard 
Jan Van Gelder 
tennis Deys 
Nicholas Blank 

' John Lawrence 
Dirk Van ClyflF 
Peter Adolph 
Robert sinclar 

^George Elsward 

^Johannes Kip 
tennis De Kay 
Leendert Huygen 



Alderman 
Assistant 

t Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

I Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 



[319] 

ffor the 
Dock Ward 



ffor y* 
south ward 



ffor the 
Out Ward 



Assessors 



Jacob Boele 
^ [Ahasuerus] Hendrix' Constable 
f Thomas Crundall Alderman 

Anthony Demilt 
^ Gerrett Duychingh J 

John Harberdingh ( 

Martin Clock 
'^ Panlus Richards 

Peter Delanoy 
< Jacobus Kipp 

John Darval 
1, ffrances Persons 

William Merrett 

Arien Cornelis 

teunis Idesse 

Johannes Vernelye 

Walter Dobs 
^Adolph Meyer 

Given Under my hand in New York this 30*^ day of September 
A? 1687 N : Bayard Mayor 

which Done the Mayor and Aldermen Attend his Excelcy y« Gov^'n^ 
and y« Councill where Stephanus Van Cortland Esq^ one of y« memb^'s 
of the sd Councill was sworne Mayor for the Year Ensueing who 
with y« old mayor Returned to the Citty Hall where the New Mayor 
took his place & his CotTTission was Read and Ordred to be Recorded 



Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

( Assessors 

Constable 

Alderman 

Assistant 

Assessor fory* Bowery Division 

Assessor for Harlem Division 

Constable for y« Bowerye 

Constable for Harlem Division 



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192 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

then Y* New Aldermen were Called who all appeared Except M^ 
ffrancis Rombouts and were sworne and y^ old on's being dismissed the 
new took their places 

the New Assistants likewise Called all appeared except Arien Cor- 
nelissen and were sworne the old ones dismissed y* new took their 
places 

the old Mayor Delivered the Cittys Charter and Comon seals to y^ 
New Mayor to be Kept by Him untill a New Mayor be Commissioned 
in his stead 

Robert HaHTond Esq^ High sherriff of y^ Citty and County of New 
York his Commission for his sd office Read and ordred to be Recorded 

the Mayor and sherriifs Commissions again Publiquely read in y^ 
p^sence of y*^ Mayor & CoTTTon Conncill att y^ Citty [320] Citty Hall 
Gate 

the Clerk of the Citty Reported lliat at a Meeting at y*^ Citty Hall 
on the day of M^ Peter Delanoy was by 

y^ votes of Nicholas Bayard Mayor James Graham Recorder Isacq Van 
Vlecqu Jacobus Cortland and thomas Crundell Ald^men & samuel 
Wilson William Cox and teunis De Kaay assistants of the Citty 
Chosen Chamberlen of y*^ Citty for y*^ Knsucing year 

[321] Att a Conlon Councill Held att y*^ Citty 

Hall of y«^ Citty of New York within y« 
said Citty on thursday y*^ twenty-fourth 
day of November 1687 

Jarvis marshall who ffarmed the Dock the Last year Dcsireing to 
Hold It at ffifty pound for y*^ Knsucing year It is Ordred that he Hold 
It as Desired, giveing good security for y^ Rent. 

Ordred that Alderman flFrancis Rombouts Alderman thomas Crun- 
dall and IMr Dirk Van ClyfF Do Examine the Revenue of y* Citty for 
y« Last Year and Auditt the treasurers accounts of y*^ same Year and 
make Reporte of their proceedings therein to y^ next Councill 

Ordred that Alderman Merrett Mr Bayard and M^ Delanoy Do 
lett the Revenue of y* Citty undisposed of to ffarme as they shall see 
most Convenient 

Ordred that m^ James I.arkin Do forthwith Deliver the Key of y* 
Citty Market house to y* Mayor. 

Resolved that y* Members of this Councill Do against the next 
sitting Consider of some Convenient means to Defray y* Publique 
Charge of y« Citt\'^ without Burthening y^ Inhabitants 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



193 



Ordred that Alderman Merret and Mr Delanoy be ov'seers of y« 
Highways on this Island and take Care that they be all sufficiently Re- 
paired within fourteen day and that they have full power to Compell 
such men Horses &c to perfect the same as they shall think Convenient 

r 1 C'ff i ) ^^^ ^ Comon Counsell helde at y« Citty 

t322| citty 01 / j^^jj Within the Said Citty on^ Tusqdav the 

3 14th Day of flfeb^ 1688 [1687-8] : 

Present? Stevanous Van Courtland Esq' Mayo^ 
MrW™ Meriot: 
Mr Tho« Crundall: 
M*" J5? Lawrance 
Mr Paulos Richards 
Mr Johannes Kipp 
Mr Ruinhoult 
TvLr Petor Dclonoy 
Mf Baltuss Byard 
M' Derick Vancliff 
M** Anthony Demilt 
M*" Tuniss Dekey : 
Mr Aron Comelison 



Aldermen 



>■ Assistance 



Aron Cornelison Woss Sworne as An Assistant 

Ordred yl Alderman Kip M'' Anthony Demilt & hendrick William- 
son Doe Bring in A Report of y* Price Waight and Goodness as Bread 
Ought to bee According to y*^ Prises of Wheat as it Rises & ffalls ags* 
Next Meting 

Ordered that M"" Delonoy Continue Tresurer ffor This Yeare 

Ordered y* alderman Romboult and Aide*""? Cnmdall & Alder? 
Richards Bee Auditors this Yeare for y*^ Citty Acco*? to Audit all 
Acco*? y* Shall Bee Brought in & it is further 

Ordered that noe Ace? Shall Pass But what thay Audit & y* 
the Tresuror is to pay Noe Mony But What is Soe Audited & Ordred 
by the Mayo' in Comon Counsell 

Ordered yt the Mayor Doe Releve the poore as hee hath don ffor- 
merly Vntill ffurther Ordor 

Ordred y* Every Alderman in his Warde Send ye Constable About 
to Inquire what poore Theare are and y* Aldo'? are to Recomend the 
Same to y^ Mayo^ In Ordor to Theirc Relief 

Ordred y* M^ Mayo' M^ Lowrance & M^ Meriot Doe Sell all y« 
Vol. I.— 13 



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194 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Lotts Belonging to y*^ Towne along y« Wator Side ffrom M*" John 
Robinsons Incluseff vnto M*^ W? Beackmans Inclusef as Alsoe a lot 
of Grounde lying by the Mayors pasture 

Gusta» Kingsland Deputy O : of y*^ Comon Counsell Sworne Aldo"? 
Rumboult Sworne To secresy. 



Citty of I 
New Yorke ^ 



Presenty 



Att a Comon Counsell held y^ 26*^ of 
ffeb*"y Being Saturday at y« Citty hall of 
y« Citty affore Said Ann*^ 168% 

Stevanus V Courtland Esq' Mayo' 
Jeames Grayham Esqf Recordor : 



^ 



^o' } 



>■ Aldermen 



>► Assistan[ts] 



Mr Rumboult 

Mf Lawrance 

Mr Crundall 

Mr Kipp 

Mr Richards 

Mr Meriot 

Petor Delonoy 

Derick Van Clife 

Anthony Demelt 

Aron Cornelison 

Ordred y^ Anthony Demelt Shall Keepe y* Key of y*^ market howse 
vntill the 25^ day of March and Receve 9^ ^' Tunn for [324] fFor 
Every Night of Such Goods as Shall be howsed in y* same & for Every 
half Bar^ two Stivars Wampum for y« ves res [use] of y* Citty. 

Ordored y^ Aldorman Kipp & Balltas Byard doe take Care for 
y* Reparation of y* Wharfe y^ the Same may bee ffinished by the first 
of May & y« Charges to Bee paid Out of y* Citty Tresury 

Ordred y* Aldermen & Assistance In Each Ward Shall provide 
for theire poore in theire Owne Ward & Bee paid out of y* Publick 
Tresury for what they disburst vppon y* Said accomp^ 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Qtty 
Hall of the Citty of New York within the 
said Citty on Saturday y* 17*** day of March 
168^ 

Ordred that Johannes Gomesen [ ?] Peter Jacobsen and Egbert 

ffockus be over seers of y* High ways and ffences of the Bowery ward 

Vppon Reading the Pet? of Leonard Beckwith it is ordred that the 



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[3251 
Wheaten Bread 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 195 

said Beckwith be surveyor of y* Citty and County of New York untill 
ffurther order to y* Contrary 

Att a Comon Councill Held att y* Citty 
hall of y* Citty of New York within y* sd 
Citty on Saturday y* 24^? day of March 

ORDRED that y« Cittys Charter be Recorded in the CoIITon Councill 
book 

Ordred that Mf Anthony Demilt Do Keep the Key of the Markett 
house and Receive y* Rate for goods to be Kept there as fformerly. 
Ordred the 26^ of ffebruary last untill ffurther order 

Resolved that y« Assize of Bread to be Sold within this Citty be as 
ffolloweth untill ffurther ordr and all Bakers within the Citty are at 
their perrills to Mak their bread according to it viz 

"the Coarsest Bran taken outseaven) * • ^ 

pound fourteen ounces for J * ' ^ 

the Coarsest Bran & finest flower) 

I taken out, nine pound & an halfe for J * ' ^ 
White loaf of y* ffinest flower only ^ 

fourteen ownces for j ' * '^ 

ORDRED that a Coppy of y* above Assize be Delivered to M^ An- 
thony De Milt Jacob De Kaay and Hendrick Williams overseers of y« 
Bakers whoe are to aquaint the Rest of the Bakers therewith. 



Att a Coinon Councell Held att y« Citty 
hall of y« Citty of New York within y« 
5d Citty on ff ryday y« 4*? day of May 1688 

Ordred that y« ffollowing warrant be Recorded in the Comon 
Councill book viz 

to Peter King & Adolph Pietersen surveyors for y« Citty of New 
York 

You are here by Required and CoTRanded to survey y« Vacant 
Land within this Citty near and in y« Dock beginning ffrom y« weigh 
house to y« Citty hall and to lay y« same out in lotts of Eighty foot long 
into the Dock and about four and twenty ffoot broad leaving sufficient 
spaces for y« Street as also to lay out y« street Ranging with y« Here 
Graft as you Shall receive further direccons ffrom me uppon y« sur- 



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196 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

veying & laying out y* 5d lotts & ffor so Doing this shall be your 
warrant Given Vnder My Hand in New York this is^t* day of 
SeptemM A? 1686 N Bayard Mayor 

Ordred that m*" Joh^s Kipp and Mf tennis De Kaay be added to 
Aid"? ffrancis Rombouts Ald^m? m*^ thomas Crundell and M^" Dirik 
Van Clyff and Make Report [326] thereof under their hands to this 
board the second Monday in June Next. 

Ordred that Alderman Crundell Ald^man Richards Ald^man Mer- 
rett Mf Delanoy M^ Bayard and M^ Vanderclyff Do vieu y* New lotts 
layd out in y* Dock and examine whether any Deformity or other 
Inconvenience to y* Citty or any of y* streets therein is occasioned by 
laying out y« 5d lotts as they Now are if they shall be built uppon, or 
not. that they lay out y* street Runing into y* Dock between or 
thro y* 5d lotts Even and equall in breadth with y*^ Here Graft and that 
they lay out a Convenient inlett in y^ Midle of y* 5d street ffor y* 
water to fflow in at and y* Channell of y* Heer Graft to Runn into It. 

Att A Common Councill held att the 
Citty Hall of the Citty of New Yorke with- 
in the Said Citty this Thursday the 14'V 
day of June 1688: 

Ordered that the Lotts In the Dock on the East Side of the Here- 
graft shall be forthwith Surveyed According to the Warrant of y* late 
Mayor and every perticular mans pattern by him granted ; which was 
accordingly done by the Mayor Aldermen & Comon Councill : 

Ordered that the Carpenters m^ Adolph Peterson and Peter King 
forthwith Sett vp The fframes of the Inlett into the Heregraft of Six- 
teen ffoot wide leaveing on each Side twenty Eight if oot for the Streett : 

Ordered that every one Compleats their wharfe fitt for vse be- 
tween this & y* first day of October 

[327I Att a ComUn Councill held at the Citty 

Hall of the Citty of New Yorke within the 
Said Citty this Satturday the 23'"? day of 
June A? 1688: 

Vpon the Request of Claus ffrance Dirck ffrance Tymon ffrance 
& Jacobus ffrance for a Pattent or Confirma^n of their Land In' Smiths 
Street It is granted and Ordered a pattent to be drawn ag*t next meet- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 197 

ing of the Comon Councill they paying as an Acknowledgement to the 
Citty 6** ^ Annum 

Entred the I Nicholas Hayward Notary and Ta- 

14 Day of bellion Publick, Dwelling in Lond? ad- 

June mitted, and Sworne: Doe hereby Certifie, 

ann? Dom* and attest vnto all, whom it may : Concern : 

i68[8] That I haue Seen, and perused: Certaine: 

Letters pattents: of Denization, Granted by our Soveraigne Lord 
King James: the Second, vnder: the broad Scale of England, Dated 
the 31 : Day of: March in the fourth yeare of his Said Majesties Reigne, 
wherein amongst: others, is inserted the Names of Lewis Carre, Pre- 
geante, his Wife, Mary: and Jane their Children, Who though bom 
beyond Seas : are made his Majesties Leige Subjects, and to be held re- 
puted, and taken as Subjects born in this Kingdome of England, and 
may, as Such purchase, buy. Sell and Dispose of Lands, Tenements, 
and heriditam*? in this Kingdome, or any other of his majesties Do- 
minions as freely: peacably and entirely as any Subject: borne in this 
Kingdome, and that the Said Lewis Carre : Pregeante his Wife Mary : 
[328] Mary and Jane their Children by Vertue of the: Said Letters 
Pattents. are to pay Custome and duty for their Goods, and MerchJ- 
dizes only as Natives Doe and ought to doe : and to enjoy all Liberties 
Priviledges and Franchises of Subjects born: in this Kingdome with- 
out any disturbance Impediment or mollestation as by the Said patent 
relation being thereunto had may more at Large appeare, of all which 
Act being required of me, the Said Notary, I haue Granted these: 
presents: to Serue, and avail the Said Lewis Carre: and his Wife 
and his Children, 

In Time and Place Convenient London y* 59 Day of aprill ann? 
Dom: 1688 

In Testimonium Veritatis Signo meo: Man- 
The ^ ^i Solito Signavi, &: Tabellionatus mei Sig- 

Seale ) ilium: opposui: rogatus: 

affixed/ Njc . Hayward No : Pubcv» : 

The pattent : where in this Name : is in- 
serted: is Entered: in the Custome house 
London: Certified this 14? of aprill 1688: 
^ W« Waterson: D : Coll? 

But before any vse is to be made hereof, the party is to make oath, 
that he is the very person : intended by his mg*»^ Letters patents : there 



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198 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

being a processe in the Said pattent, that the Severall ^sons: and 

their famelyes must bee inhabitants in this Kingdome: or Some other 

of his Mai^'* Dominions -,^ ,,, 

^ W. Waterson. 



Commison^'s 
road Se 
affixed 



[329] Signed : by the : CommisH of his Maj*»^ Cus- 

, , _ , tomes: att the Customer house: Lond? 19?: Aprill 

broad Seale J ^gg 

N Butler: H. Browne: [Dp: Jo Werden: 

By His Excellency. 

A ProclamXcon for the Continueing of all officers and dutyes 
within the Late Government of New Yorke : 

Whereas his Majestie hath been Gratiously Pleased to annex his 
Province of New Yorke To his Territory and Dominion of New 
England and to Constitute and appoint me his Cap*? Gen*"^ And Gov- 
ern'^ in Cheife of the Same: as by his Maj**'« Letters patents bearing 
Date the Seauenth of aprill last past : Doth appeare :, I haue therefore 
thought fitt and doe hereby with advice of the Councill Declare and 
Publish That all of officers Both Ciuill and Millitary in place in the 
Said Province at my receiveing thereof under my Government : Except 
Such as are perticularly remoued or displaced by his majesties 
Commands are hereby Continued and Confirmed: in theire Severall: 
and respectiue places and offices fully to Act Execute and Enjoy the 
Same, and that all : Rates Taxes : Customes :, and all other Dutyes : Then 
payable : for and towards The Support : of his Majesties Government : 
[330] Bee and are in like manner Continued and to be Duely payed 
Collected and received till further order, of which all persons are to 
take notice and Conforme themselves accordingly. Giuen at New 
Yorke : the Eleauenth Day of august In the fourth yeare of the Raigne 
of our Soveraigne Lord James the Second King of England Scottland 
ffrance and Ireland Deffender of the faith &c^ ann?q« Domini 1688. 

E Andros: 
To the Mayo^ and Aldermen: 
of the Citty of New Yorke:) ^0 - t^ 

To be forthwith Published: ^ ^° ^ave y- King: 



il 



By his Excellf Commands 

Jn? West : D : Secretary 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 199 

By His Excellency. 

A ProclamXcon for a Generall Thansk : Giueing for her Majestic 
being Safely deliuered of a Prince. 

Whereas I haue receiued Certaine InformaCon of her Majesties be- 
ing Safely Delivered of a Prince which being a greate blessing bestowed 
on theire Majesties, and all his Majesties Dominions I have Therefore 
Thought fitt and doe with the advice of the Councill order that there 
bee a Generall: thanksgiueing for the Same [331 1 Same, to be obserued 
within the Citty of New Yorke and Dependencies on Sunday the 
Second Day of September next ensueing, and fourteene days after in 
all other parts, of this Dominion of which all ministers, officers and 
persons are to take notice and Conforme: themselves accordingly 
Giuen at New Yorke the foure and twentyeth : Day of august : In the 
fourth yeare of His Majesties Reigne annoq: Domini 1688. 

By His Excelly Command. E : Androse 

John West: D Secretary: 

God: Save the King 



Att a Common Councill held at the Citty Hall of the Citty of New 
Yorke within the Said Citty Saturday the 23^ Day of June : anno : 1688 : 

Vpon the request of Claes ff ranee Dirik flf ranee Timone ff ranee and 
Jacobus ffrance for a pattern or ConfirmacUn of their Land In Smiths 
Street It Is Granted and alsoe ordered a pattent be Drawn against 
next meeting of the Common Councill they paying for their 
acknowledgment to the : Citty : 6^ ^ anHiTm : 



[332] At A Common: Councill held at the: 

Citty Hall of the Citty of New Yorke: 
within the Said Citty Saturday the: 2i° 
Day of July: ann?: 1688: 

Ordered that Robert Leacock and Peter Adolph be assessors: for 
the Eastward, To assess the people: in the Said: Ward and to bring 
their Valluation this Day fourteene dayes To Doe and performe the 
Same with an vpright Concsience without Envy mallice favour or 
affection, and to be Deposed on their oathes : before the Mayor &c^ 



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200 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

And all other Assessors in the other Wards to Doe and Performe 
the Same, and to bee Deposed as aforesaid : 



Att a Common : Councill held att the Citty 
Hall: of the Citty of New Yorke: within 
the Said Citty Saturday the 4? of august : 
1688: 

Ordered, and Voted That Fredrick Phillips Builds his house: 
Square vpon the Wharfe and fill up and make : the Said Wharfe where- 
on the Said house is to be built, twenty ffiue foote broad : from the ff ront 
of the Said house to the End: of his Ground: rounding twenty fine 
foote to the old Dock, and that the Said Fredrick Phillips doe leaue for 
the bredth of the: [333] the Street fronting from the Said House: 
tenn foote, the Same to be Don and Complcated by the first of January 
next : 

Recognl:ance entered into for the ^formance of the Same: Valine 
£100: pounds: To the Mayor and Aldermen: 

Ordered That Alderman ffrancis Rombolt Alderman Thomas 
Crundall Johannus Kipp and ivJ Teunis De Key and m'' van CliflFe, Doe 
Examine Audite State and Settle, the Citty Accompts, and Reveiue the 
Same and a reporte thereof, to giue and bring in vnder : there hands : 
by the 4? of September Next: 



Att: a Meeting Common Councill held at 
the : Citty Hall of the Citty of New Yorke 
within the Said Citty: This Tuesday the 21? 
Day of august: 1688: 

Ordered That a Transport for the peece of Ground formerly ap- 
pointed for the building of a Church, be Drawne, 

[334] Ordered That m*" Recorder Draw vp an adress : to his Excel- 
lency for Confirming the Severall : Priuiledges belonging to the : Citty : 
and Congratulateing his Comeing here : 

All Civill Magistrates &c? are Continued by Publication of the 
Governour & Councell 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 201 

Att a Meeting held the Second day of 
November A? Domi 1688: 

^Sent: the Mayor: 

M*" Laurance 

M*" Romboults 

M' Kip ^Aldermen: 

M"": Merritt 

M"": Richards 

M*" Dellavall I Say Dellanoy : ^ 

M"- D Millt I Common 

M' Dekay f Councill 

M"- Bayard J 

The Act of Raising £434^: 10*: for the Cover [n]ment: and order: 
of Govemour andtCouncill, being by the mayors absents delayd to this 
time is ordered: to be, with all Speed putt forward: 

The Assessors : Valluation brought In are as : followeth Vizt 

[335] Vi^' 

The Westward : £ 9600 : 

Northward : £ 7625 : 

Southward : £29254 : 

Eastward: , £ 9648: 

Dockv/ard : £16241 : 

Harlem : £1723 : 

Bowrye £4140 : 

£ 5863: 



£78231 : 

Vpon which it is ordered that : one and a halfe ^ pound : Shall be 
forth with Raised vpon the people according to the Act. 

Ordered that the Severall Constables : in every Ward : doe Collect 
one and a halfe ^ pound: of the people: in their respectiue Wards 
according to the last Valluation made by : the assessors : and to haue 
three pence ^ Pound: for theire trouble, to be equally divided 
amongst the Constables of the Six Wards : 

Ordered that the Constables: Doe forthwith acquaint the people 
in their wards to haue theire Respectiue Rate money ready to pay to 
the Constables : as aforesaid within Eight Dayes : after the Summons, 
or in Default thereof to be proceeded against as ^ The Act is Directed : 



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202 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[336] Att a Gammon Councill held on Satur- 

day: the 22: day of December: anno 1688: 

Ordered the Assize of Bread: be till further order as followeth: 
A White Loafe of the finest flower 16: ounces: for i^**: 
A Wheaten Loafe the Coursest Brand only taken out : Eight pound 
And also the halfe, or Double Loaues proportinabley : 
Wheat being at the rate : of three Shifts ^ Bushell. 
Ordered that^noe other Bread : for Sale be made : then what above 
Specified. 

At A Common Councill held on Thurs- 
day the 79 March: i68V^ 

Vpon the petition of Claus. flfrance Dirck if ranee. Jacobus ffrance 
and Timothy ffrance Craueing by the Same a patterne for theire Land 
in this Citty, which was accordingly granted them, and read in 
Common Councill 

[337] Ordered That the Mayor Signe and Scale the Said ff ranees 
pattern for their Said Land with the Citty Scale, In behalfe of the 
Commonality 

Ordered That m^ Merritt m*" Crundall and m^ De Millt Agree with 
Cap*^ John Tuder : and all other persons about Letting Such Shops : in 
the Market house: as it may Conveniently Containe: proporti[o]nable 
to the Length thereof : and render an accompt : thereof to this board, 
the next meeting. 

Referred till Saturday Come Sennet 



Att a Common Councill held on Satur- 
day: the: i6*^ of March 168V' 

Ordered That Alderman : Johannus Kipp Alderman : Crundall and 
m' De key Assistant shall Cause the Land in Difference between 
Adrian Cornelious and Solomon Peters to be Surveyed and if any 
Vancant erround : to Dispose of the Same to be for the Vse of the Citty 
as they Shall think fitt: 

M' Crundall and m' D mill being authorized to Lett Shops in the 
Maricett house brings theire Returne viz* 

That they haue Lett vnto m^ John Tuder a Place To build a Shop 
on in the Said market [338] House for the terme of three yeares 
CoTTTencing the 25? of March 168'/^ paying yearely and every yearc 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 203 

the Suflle of forty Shillings for the Vse of the Citty he the Said Tuder 
being to build a Shop proportionable to y* 5^ Ground which he hath 
Soe hired in the Market House and Keep the Same in repaire, vpon 
his owne proper Cost and Charges Dureing the Said Terme, according 
to a Lease for the Same Drawne and Executed by the Mayor &c*: 

Alderman Kipp and Baltus Bayard makes returne, of theire Letting 
the Dock to Jeruis Marshall: for the terme of three yeares at 2$£ ^ 
annim the Said Jeruis according to a Lease for the Same is to be 
Drawne to keep the Said Docke in good and Sufficient repaire, the 
Court approues thereof and ord*^ a Lease to be Drawne : Accordingly : 



Citty of New Att a Common Councell held on Sattur- 

Yorke: day the 30? of March: Ann<> Domini 1689 

Ordered that the Street before m' Beeckmans Doore be thirty foote 
Wide 

Vpon the Motion of m' Beekman for buying of a peece of Land of 
the Citty adjoyning to his Land : next m^ Stuyversant : 

It is Ordered that m^ Merritt m*" Kipp and Ar*t Cornelious Veiw the 
Same and are hereby Impowred to dispose of the [339] Same to the 
S^ Beekman : makeing report thereof to this Bord. 

The Leases or paf e of Indentures for the Dock betweene the Mayor : 
Ald'^men and Commonalty and Jervis Marshall this Day was Signed 
and Deliuered by the Mayor: in Common Councill in behalfe of him- 
selfe and the rest 

Mes*" Anthony D Milt brings an accot to this Bord: that George 
Browne, hath hired a Lott : for a Shop in the Market House : for the 
terme of three yeares Commenceing the 259 Day of March: at £:io: 
^ anffim : to pay the Same Quarterly : and Keep : the Said Shop when 
Built in good and Sufficient repaire Dureing the terme. according to 
Lease: 

MerS: Anthony D Milt hath alsoe Lett a Lott: of Ground In the 
Said Markett House vnto Peter Panbumge : for the Same Vse as others 
Aforesaid And for the terme of three yeares at £3 ^' annim to be 
paid Quarterly : and his Shop to be Kept in good & Sufficient repaire 
according to Lease. 

Ordered that m*" JIT* Tuder: Shall and Doe receiue of all persons 
Such incomes and benifitts as shall accrew to the markett house for 
Lodging of Merch*! Goods : according to the rates Establisht one halfe 
for himselfe and the other for the Citty : 



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204 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[340] Citty of ) 
New Yorkei 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
Hall within the Said Citty on Sunday the 
29^^ day of September 1689: 
The Ald''nien made returne of the Officers chosen for this Citty for 
the yeare Ensueing Viz*? 

ffrancis Rombouts ^ Hendrick Van Veurden Ald*"man 
Ald^'man retiirnes vSuert Olferts Assistant 

for y« West Ward. J Nicolas Blank Constable 

The Mayor and S John Spratt . Ald'^man 

Constable returnes LCerrett Duychynk Assistant 

for y^ Dock Ward J Edward Buckmaster Constable 

Polus Richards ^ Robert Walters Ald'^man 

Ald''man returnes Ljohanes Provost Assistant 

for y« South Ward. J John Thomas Constable 

Johanes Kipp "^ Cornelius Pluvier Ald'man 

Ald^man returnes L Hendrick Ten Eyck Assistant 

for y*' North Ward J John Ewits Constable 

John Lawrence ^ John D Browne Ald*"man 

Ald^man returnes L Peter Adolph Assistant 

for y<^ Eastward J Daniell Vien Voss Constable 

JohalTes Couvanhouen Ald^'man 

Wolfert Webbers 
ffrederick Symons 



WP Merritt 
Ald'^man returnes 
for y« Outward. 



J 



John Brevort 



Assistant 
Constable for y« 
Boree Division 
Constable for Harlem 
Division 
ffor Chamberlaine Peter D Lanoy is Continued 
ffor High Constable Cornelius Vandenburgh is appointed 

Att a Meeting held att the house of 
Ald'^man William Merritt on Satturday the 
ffifth day of October A? DoTTTi 1689 : 
S : V : Cortlandt Esqr Mayor 
William Merritt 



[341] Citty of ) 
N^w YorkeJ 



P'sn*f 



John Lawrence 
ffrancis Rombouts 
Johanes Kipp 
Polus Richards 
Balthus Bayard 
Theunis Dekav 



Ald'^men 



CCoiTTon Councill 



Peter D Lanoy Treasurer of y* Citty & Conlon Councill man 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



205 



The Article of the Judges Sallary not allowed by this Bord being 
put to the Vote 

Ebinezar Willsons Acco*? for his Expence of Cap". Dyers passage 
not allowed off. 

Adrian Comelis his Acco*^ of Expence not allowed of W*? Cox his 
Acco*t of 6" not allowed 

John Cooley his Acco*t for Sundry workes referred to the old 
Treasurers bookes 
W? Merritt for the ballance of his Acc^^ In m^ Beekmans 

time referred to the old Treas*^^ l)ookes being for £ 

ffrancis Rombouts for Stockadoes %^ Acc*^ to be) 

Examined in y*^ old Treasurers bookos J 

Albert Bush his Ace", for Sundry workes in y« Citty Hall . 

Thomas Coker Coroner as ^ his Acc^t allowed him 

[342] John Lawrence for his Service as an Assembly^ 

man as ^ Ace", agreed & allowed j 

John Langstraitt for Carting as ^ 2 Ace"." 2 



3: 4 
5: 19 



£1: 



16 
2 

8 



Citty of ) Att a Meeting held att the house of 

New Yorkef Ald*"man William Merritt on Satturday the 

ffifth day of October in the Afternoone 
A? DoMi 1689 
P'sntt S: V: Cortlandt Esqf Mayor 

W^ Merritt '^ 

John Lawrence L Ald*"men 
Johanes Kipp J 

Balthus Bayard J ConTon Councill 
Theunis Dekay ( 
Peter D Lanoy Treasurer of Citty & CoiTTon Councill man 

Joseph Nicolls ffor his Sallary to the 8^? of October 

allowed £13: 10: 10 

Coll? Nicolas Bayard p^ the Bell man Hendrick "^ 

Roemers ^ y« Note of Mayo^ S. V. Cortlandt L 8: 14: 
Assigned J 

ffrancis Rombouts for y« poore 1688: 27^^ March to y«^ 
»^ JanT 1689 J ^ ' 

Adolph Pieters worke at Citty Hall ^ Ace". 

JohaHes Kipp for Sundry to y* poore ^ Ace". 

Teunis Dekey for ditto as ^ ditto 

Asshuerus Hendrix for ditto as ^ ditto 



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2o6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Casper Steynmetts for Lymne ^ Ace". 15: 9 

Balth : Bayard for y« poore 16® Bellman £2 : lo* 3 : 6 : — 

John Langstrout for Carting as ^ 2 Acc*i» Sg^^"^) ^ ^ ^ 

jQStiyrs and 9^^^* io«*iy" ( ^ * 9 • 

[343] John Lawrence for y« poore as ^ Acc^l £1: 9: 9J4 

JohafTes Kerbyle Doctor one yeare allowed 5: — : — 

Polus Richards to y*^ poore 4 : — : — 

S: V: Cortlandt Mayo^ AccH in ballance allowed 48: 9: 9 

John Cooley for Smiths worke pi" Acc*^ 3: 3: 6 

William Merritt for Expences 5 : i : loyi 



p. ^ ^ Att a Meeting held att the house of 

^ V w f Ald'^man W? Merrett on Munday the Sev- 

J enth day of October A? Domi 1689 : 

P'-snt S : V : Cortlandt Esq^ Mayo^ 
W™ Merrett ^ 

Johanes Kipp v Ald*"men 
Polus Richards J 

Theunis DKay V 
Peter D Lanoy Treasurer & CoiTTon Council! man 



Balth: Bayard / ^ _ ^ .„ 
' Comon Counall 



S: V: Cortlandt Mayo^ his former ballance £30:6:11^ ) 
referred to y® old Treasu^? bookes \ 

Edward Buckmaster for Sessions Expences & dyett for^ 

prisoners & for a Treatt to S^ Edmond Andross as v 64: 4: 9 
^lAccn J 

S : V : Cortlandt Mayo'" for two Sessions Expences at y^ ) 

house of JiT? Patty J ^^' ^' ^^ 

Ordered that W*? Bogardus deliver vp vnto the Treasurer the old 
bookes and Acco^^ belonging to the Citty : 

[344] Ordered that the Treasurer Enterr y« AccH* referred and 
allowed of, on Satturday Last being the 5 Instant and this present 
meeting In the Citty bookes According to the Said Accost® So allowed 
of & referred: 

Whereas by order of y* Committe of Safety it was Ordered that 
y« May°r scherife & Clerck Shall be chosen By y^ Major votes of y* 
freeholders w*^? Came to Peter D* LaNoy Esq*" for May^ & Joannes 
Johnson for Sherife & Abrah Gouvemeur for Clerck who w/iere accord- 
•Tigly Confirmed as viz: 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORit 



207 



BY THE COMAND* In CHEIFE &^^ 

Whereas y« Comitte of Safety have apointed Me to Confirme y* 
Civil magistrates & officers for y* City & County of Newyork chosen 
by y* Protestant freemen of S^ City & County of nyork According to 
Retumes Made by virtue whereof I doe hereby accordingly Confirme 
Peter De LaXoy to Be mayor Joannes Johnson Sherife & abraham 
Gouverneur towne Clerke for S4 City & County of NYork to Continue 
in their Sd Stations acording to y* true intent & meaning of y« act of 
Said Coinitee 

And also doe Confirme for y« next Ensuing Yeare for y« City & 
County of NYork Hendrick van veurden ald*"men Suert olphertse 
assistant & Nicolaes Blanck Constab: for y® Westward John Spratt 
ald^'men Gerret Duycking assistant, Edward Buckmaster Con[s]t for y^ 
Dockward Robert Walters ald'^men Joannes Provoost assistant John 
Thomas Constab for y* Southward Cornelis Plevier ald''men Henry 
ten Eyk assistant John Ewouts Constab : for y® northward John Hen- 
drick Bru)ms ald^'man Peter adolph assistant daniel Veenvos Con- 
stab: for y^ Eastward Joannes van Couwenhoven ald^^man Wolfert 
Webber assistant Fredrik Symonse Con[s]ta for y« Boury division 
& John Brevoort Const for harlem division 

Therefore are all Inhabitants hereby required to give due obedi- 
ence to s^ Magistrates & officers & are to acknowledge the same a^- 
ordingly At Fort William y« 14 octo^ 1689 & in y** first Year of their 
Msties Reigne Jacob Leisler 



[345] City of I 
NYorke ] 

Present 



SS 



>^ esq"" alde''men 



At a Con ion Councell held at y* City hall 
of s^ City on y« 14 of octb"" 1689 

P*": D. LaNoy Esq"" Mayor 

John de Bruyn 

John Spratt 

Robert Walters 

Cornelis Plevier 

Henry van feurden 

Joannes van Couwenhoven 

J?5h: Provoost 

swert olphertse 

Gerret duycking 

Henry ten Eyck 

Peter adolf 

Wolfert webber 



>* assistants 



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ao8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The ald''men sherrife clerck & assistants Sworne 

Nicolaes Blanck apointed high Constab: & Marten Clok Con- 
tinued for y« westward in y« Room of s*^ Blanck 

Ordered that y^ Late Mayor Stephen van Cortlandt forthwith 
deliver up to y*^ high Constab : Nicolas Blanck y*^ Citys Charter as also 
y« City seales with all other Papers & Bookes w^l* might Be in his 
Custody Belonging to S"* City & County 

At a Comon Councell held at y* Cityhall 
City of NYorke SS of s^ City on Wednesday y« i6 of Sb*" 1689 

Present P"": D: LaNoy Esq*" Mayor 

John de Bryn 

John Spratt 

Cornelis Plevier L esq*" Ald'^men. 

henry van feurden 

Robert Walters 

Gerret duycking 

Pieter adolph 

J?5h: Provoost !>- Assistants : 

swert olphertse 

Henry ten Eyk 

[346I This ffoUowing Order was Sent to M^ Cortlant Late Mayor of 
this City By y« Constab 

We y* May^ ald^men & assistances y« Representatives for y* City 
& county of New York in y* behalfe of Said City & County do de- 
mand from you Stephen van Cortlant Late mayor of S^ City & County 
y* Charter Scale Bookes & papers belonging to S^ City & County 
in your Custody & to deliver y* same to y* high Constab : or any other 
of y** Constab: of s^ City & County to Be delivered to us at y^ City 
hall to y*^ Performance whereof In case you Cannot Resolve IriTediately 
we allow fourty Eight houres after this Order shall Be serued to 
Consider to ^forme y® P^^misses & You can during y« sd time Call 
for any of Constab: to receive y* same & in Case you shall Continue 
to refuse to fulfill This order we shall take such methods as shall Be 
Jiidp'cd Convenient 

The high Constab: having serv'd this order Brought Answer that 
he delivered y* order to y^ wife of m"" Cortlandt <& that she did trow rt 
away out y* doors 

William Lynes Master of y* ship Anne & Catharina ariving here 
from nevis w*^ a parcell of negroes whereof some have y* small 



J 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 209 

pocks Ordered that all w^^ are sound in Body may Be Landed clean- 
ing themselves sufficiently & those w^^l" are seek to Be Landed a Mile 
or thereabouts from this City & to Permit None to Come to them but 
y® doctors Chirurgeons & attendors 

George underbill Tooke his Oath as Marshall to y« Co^ 

Jarvis Marshall appearing Before y*^ Conlon Councell did promise 
to deliver to y** high sherife of this City & County y* Keys Belong- 
ing to y^ prison & deClared that he had nothing into his Custody 
Belonging to sd Citty or County: 

Citty of NYork SS ^Vt a CoirTon Councell held at y* City hall 

of sd City 

Present P^ D' Lanoy Esq"" Mayor 

John de Bruyn 

Cornelis Plevier 

John Spratt ^eq'Ald''men 

Robert Walters 

Henry van feurden 

Swert olphertse 

Joannes Provoost . ■ ^ ^ 

TT ^ 17 1 ^assistants 

Henry ten Eyk f 

Gerret duycking J 

Concluded By y« Comon Councell to send to Cap* Jacob Leisler y* 

Coinand'' in chief this following Complaynt 

[347] To THE ColilAND*: In Chief Jacob Leisler y« Complaint of y« 
Mayor Ald^men & assistances for y« City & County of New York 
Whereas we have been freely chosen by y* Protestant freemen of 
y* City & county of New York each in o^ respective particular Stations 
& Confirmed acordingly on y*^ 14 of day of this Instant month of 
octob'' So IT IS that we have ordered at o'' first meeting that y* Late 
Mayor m' Stephen van Cortlandt y* City charter scale Bookes & 
Papers belonging to s^ City & County into his Custody w*^? was by 
him Refused by y*^ second hand his wife who made answer they w/tere 
to take it with force in Caise they would have it whereof Severall mes- 
sengers wAere sent since we met again on y* City hall & made an 
Order on y« 16 day of This Instant month of Octob : wherein fourty 
Eight houres was allowed to y« s^ m"" Cortlant to Consider v/^^ Being 
served by y« Constab: was sleigh [te]d & in Contempt of y* Law trone 

Vol. I.— 14 



I 



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2IO MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

away by his Wife he alwayes absenting him selfe in y^ mean time 
Therefore we are Necessitated to make y* Couplaine (said allowed 
time being already Expired & nothing of said order ^formed) & re- 
quest Protection in y* P'^mises that we may be duely invested in o*" Sta- 
tions & have y* rights & P^viledges in our Custody hitherto detained 
from us Belonging to y« s^ City & County & that y« s^ M*" Cortlant may 
Be Constrained to Prforme his duty: 

By ord*^ in Comon Councell 

AbRAH : GOUVENEUR Ct 



ritv ni K • Vnr\c ^^ ^^^ ^ Comon Councell Held at y^ City- 

^ity ot IN . York bb j^^jj ^j ^^ ^.^^ ^^ ^^^ ^g ^j ^^^ ^^ 

Present Pr D' : Lanoy Esq*" Mayor 

John debruyn 

John sprat . ^ Aur 

Vt - , vesq*^ Ald'^men 

Henry van feurden ( ^ 

Cornells Pluvier 

Swert Olphetse 

Gerret Duycking 

Peter Adolf 

Whereas y^ dock is much out of repair & defective in sundry 
Places w*^^ the present dok master Jarvis marshall is ingaged to main- 
taine at his owne charge a^ording to agreemt therefore Ordered that 
S^ Jarvis Marshall forthwl* repaire y* same Acording [to] said agreem* 
& by neglect to Be Lyable to such fines as y« Comon Councill shall 
Impose upon him 

[348] Whereas y*^ weigh money of this City Being a P^'viledge be- 
longing to s^ City was of Late in y* Beginning of may Last Ordered by 
authority & publisht to Be imployed for y« fortifications of y® City & be- 
ing at P"sent in y* hands of M"" augustus Grasset who farm'd y* same 
on y« 25 of March Last Acording to a Bond given to y* Late Cott 
Matthiw Plowman Wee therefore y^ Mayor ald^'men & ColTTonality 
for y« City & County of NYork doe order that y* said grasset shall 
make Paymt to y* May'' of this Cit)' such surWes of Money as in time 
shall arise to Be due ACording to his Ag^eemt & in so doing y^ s? 
grasset is hereby indamnifyed for Such SuHIe or Sumes of Money as 
he shall Pay to s4 Mayr for y« use afores? 




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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 211 

Mr Swert Olphertse & Pieter adolph assistances are hereby impow- 
red to take Care that y« Bridge of this City may Be w*? all speed 
repayr'd Ordring such workemen & materialls as they shall thing fitt 
& directing ye Paym* to y* May"" of this City 

Daniel Waldron requesting to Be Carman of this City was ad- 
mitted he Comporting himself e to y* orders of y« governmt in that Case 
made & provided 

Ordered that all Persons that sell Liquors By retayle are to take 
out Lycenses from y« May^ of this City Affording to y« tenor of y« 
Charter beginning from y* 14 of Oct Last past 

Ordered that Capl De Bruyn Capt Huyler Cap* Duycking do Ex- 
amine & adjust y* Ace*? of the fortifications of y* City of NYork 
kept by Peter D : Lanoy to y^ 8*^ of octob*" Last past & bring in their 
report to y* CoITTon Councell w*^ y* first Conveniency 

Ordered that M' Peter Adolf & Dirck van der Burch or any of 
them or their deputys do make a view of all y* Chimnys in this 
City as also of all Bucketts & other Materialls ag** fyre for P''ven?5on 
of all dangers & Losses by fyre takeing a Constab : out of Each ward 
w*? them to their assistance & to give an Acct to y^ CoITTon Councell of 
y« Transgressors 



City of NYorke SS 



At a Con ion Councell held at y* City hall 
of S^ City on Saturday 21 of Xb^ 1689 



Present P^ D' : Lanoy Esq*^ Mayor 
John d: Bruyn 
John Spratt 
Cornelis Pluvier 
Robert Walters 
Henry van feurden 
Joannes Provoost 
Gerret Duyking 
Henry ten Eyk 
Pieter Adolph 

f349] Whereas Some Poor & distressed People w**»in this City of 
NYork have made Complaint to y« Mayor of this City that they 
wanted Maintainance It is Ordered that Each Constab: in his Re- 
spective ward shall make Inquiry of said ^sons & Bring a report 



^ esq*^ Ald''iren 



>► Assistants 



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212 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

thereof to y*^ said Mayf of S^ City that Orders May Be taken Accor- 
dingly 

To the Several! ConstaW^^ of the Respective 
wards w^^in this City of N : York SS 



At a Comon Councell held at y* City 
p. r hall of Said City on y« 4^t day of January 

NrYorke ^^ '^^^ 

Present P^ D' : LaNoy Esq*^ Mayor 
John De Bruyn 
John Spratt 

Cornelis Plevier y esq*"? Ald^men 

Henry van feurden 
Robert Walters 
Joannes Provoost A 
Gerret Duycking L Assistants 
Swert Olphatze J 

The Constab? of y^ respective wards having Brought in their 
return's about y^ Poor in this City to y? Mayor of said City by which 
Severall Persons are found to Be in want & desyred (if Possible) to 
be Suplied & there Being no Meanes Provided to Effect y** Same It is 
Ordered by y* Comon Councell that Each Constab : in his Respective 
ward shall make by him Selfe or deputy a Collecion of a free gift 
from all y? Inhabitants in his S? Ward by w^^ y* said Poor may be 
maintain'd & to Render an ace* thereof to y* Said Mayor of this City 
w*? all Expedi^on : 

Ordered by y** Comon Councell that M*" Henry ten Eyk & Pieter 
Adolph assistants Be Impowered to see y? w*Vindock & inlett repaired & 
Provide thereunto Materialls & workmen & for y* Charges to Be 
drawne upon y* Mayor of this City : 

[350] It is Concluded that y* Acts of Assembly Concerning y« keeping 
of y« Sabbath Day also an Act about Servants & slaves &c* to Be 
Publisht & affixed next Co^ Day 

Ordered that four Persons be apointed to Be Swome Packers & 
Cullers for this City & County of NewYorke w*=!? was Concluded to Be 
Qaes Burger Hendrick Karmes Isaac Bedloo & Tymen Fransen & 
that y* same Be swome Before y^ CoflTon Councell 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



3*3 



Uty of NYork SS 



Present 



>-esq'' Ald^'men. 



} 



Assistants 



At a Conion Councell held at y« City 
hall of Si City y« 25*^^ day of January 
1689-90 
P» D': LaNoy Esq' Mayor 
John De Bruyn 
John Spratt 
Cornells Plevier 
Henry van feurden 
Joannes Provoost 
Gerret Duycking 
Swert Olphartze 
Ordered that y* Packers Be swome Before y* Mayor as also a New 
Porter in y« Room of ye Deceased 

Ordered that there be apointed five Brant masters for this City 
of N : York as viz* 

Peter Adolf Dirck van der Binck Dirck ten Eyk Jacob Boelen ft 
Tobcyas stoutenburgh & that five Ladders Be made to serve upon 
occasion of fyre w*? sufficient hooks thereto 
[351] (Blank page.) 

[352] FROM HENCE BEGINS WHAT IS ACTED 
IN GOVERNS SLOUGHTERS TIME 
MARCH — 1691 : 

Att a Comon Council held at the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Tuesday March 24*^ 
A? j6pi [1690-1] 

John Lawrence Esq'' Mayo'' 

William Pinhome Recorder 

William Beekman 

JohaTIes Kipp 

William Merritt 

Balthus Bayard 

Brandt Skuyler 

John Merritt 

Theunis Dekey 

Nicolas WP Stevenson 

Stephen Delancy 

Ebinezar Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

Thomas Coker 
Nicolas W? Stevenson CoIiTon Council man Joseph Nicolls Towne 



I353] Citty of I gg 
New Yorkj 



P'^sn*? 



. Ald«^men 



CotTTon Council 



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214 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Clarke Cornelius Vanderburgh high Constable was Severally Swome 
before this board according to their Severall Office and place. 

Robert Skelton William Welsh Gustaphus Kinsland Edward Buck- 
master and William Hellacker was likewise Sworne according to their 
Offices being petty Constables. 

According to an Order Issued forth & published from John Law- 
rence Esqr Mayor of this City of the Severall Ald'^men above speci- 
fied to receive the Severall Votes of y^ Inhabitants & ffreeholders of 
their Severall Wards In Order to chooseing new Officers for the next 
Ensueing yeare according [354] to their Charter of Incorporation 
which being performed Accordingly; Returne was made thereof as 
ffoUoweth 

'William Beekman 
Ebinezar Willson 
East Ward -^ William Hellecker 
John Theobald 
Daniel Vcn Voss 
"Brandt Skuyler 
Stephen Delancy 
South Ward ^ Rob", Skelton 

Peter Jacob Marius J 

Isaack Deffrier ( 

^Johanes Kipp 
Theunis Dekey 
North Ward -<^ William Welsh 

Isaac Van Vlecq ) 

Jacob Bole I 

'^Balthus Bayard 
Thomas Coker 
West Ward ^ Gustaphus Kinsland 

Peter King ) 

I^Roh". White Junr j 

^William Merritt 
Thomas Clarke 
Dock Ward ^ Edward Buckmaster 
John Harberdingh 
Adolph Peters 
^John Merritt 
Nicolas W? Stevenson 
Out Ward -^ Nathanial Pittman 
Peter Jacobs 



Ald^'man 

Comon Council man 

Constable 

I Assessors 

Ald''man 

Comon Council man 

Constable 



Assessors 

Ald''man 

CoilTon Council man 

Constable 

Assessors 

Ald'man 

CoITTon Council man 

Constable 

Assesors 



Ald^^man 

CoIHon Council man 

Constable 

( Assessors 

Ald'man 

CofiTon Council man 

Constable 

(Assessors 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



Publication of this above Returne was forthwith made and all per- 
sons Strictly required to give their Obedience thereto Accordingly. 



[355] Citty of I 
New York^ 



SS 



>-Ald''men 



Att a Cofnon Council held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Wendsday March 
25*^ A? 1691 
P^'sn*? John Lawrence Esqf Mayo'" 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Beekman 
JohafTes Kipp 
William Merritt 
Balthus Bayard 
Brandt Skuyler 
John Merritt 
Theunis Dekey 
Nicolas W*? Stevenson 
Ebinezar Willson 
Stephen Delancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Thomas Coker 

Mr Ebinezar Willson being Voted for by this Board for Treasurer 
of this Citty is accordingly by Majority of Votes confirmed in Said 
place ; and it is Ordered he take the Oath of Treasurer accordingly. 



. Conion Council 



Citty of 
New York 



SS 



Fsn^? 



Att a Comon Council held at the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Wendsday Aprill the 
I? A? 1691 

John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 

W? Pinhorne Recorder 

William Heekman 



Ald*"men 



[3561 



JohaTTes Kipp 
William Merritt 
Balthus Bayard 
Brandt Skuyler 
Theunis Dekey 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen D Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Thomas Coker 

Resolv'd that there be but one Butchers Shamble within this Citty 
and that it be still dayly kept at the Green before the ffort vntill further 



>► Cofnon Council 



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2i6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Order; and all Butchers meate to be brought to the Said Shambles 
for Sayle and no other place. 

l/[x "W^ Beekman m'" Johailes Kipp m^ Ebinezar Willson and 
nir Thomas Coker are appointed a Comittee to regulate the Markett 
and to make returnc thereof at the next sitting of this Court. 

Rec^ a peticUn of Conradus Vand''beek for to Invite to funeralls 
the considera^n whereof is referrd till next Court. 

It is Voted the Gentlemen belonging to this Court of Comon 
Council being suiiTons'd not appeareing at the Sitting thereof precisely 
halfe an houre after one bell ringing for the Same In Case of 
^p Such absence Except Sicknesse being out of Towne or some 
reasonable Excuse to fforfeitt three Shillings and if any one 
riseth after Sitting without leave to ff orfeite One Shilling and Six pence 
to be disposed of for the benefitt of the CoITTon Council as they shall 
think fitt. 

The Clarke of the Marketts Comission was read to this Board. 
[357] The Clarke of the Markett is desired by this Board to Attend 
the Comitee appointed for Regulateing the Same. 

m^ William Merritt m^ Balthus Bayard & m'" Theunis Dekey are 
appointed a Cofflitee to regulate the Carrmen and to make their re- 
turne at the next Sitting of this Court 

M^ Brandt Skuyler M^ Stephen Delancy and M^ Thomas Coker are 
appointed a CoMitee to make Enquiery into the Revenues of the Citty. 

Ordered that the Mayo'"? Court be next Tuesday and that notice 
be given by the ringing of One bell. 

Citty of } j.« Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-Yorke ^ " hall of Said Citty on Saterdafy] Aprill the 

i8H» A? Dom 1691 
pri^nt JqI^jj Lawrence Esq Mayor 
W"* Pinhorn Recorder 
W*? Beeckman 



Johannes Kipp 
W" Merrett 
Balthus Bayard 
Brandt Schuyler 
Theunis de Key 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Stephen D'Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Thomas Coker 



>- Aldermen 



>.CoITTon Council 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 217 

T35SI Ordered that Jacob Coiner be Measurer for Wheate 

within this Citty and take his Licence accordingly paying his 
fees for y^ Same 

^p* Ordered [that] John Crooke and John Vincent take the 

oaths of Gangers packers and Culours of this Citty before the 
Mayor taking there Licenses paying Each of them Eighteen 

Shilling for the Citty besides fees and to bee renewed yearley 

Ordered that Coenradus vander Beeck be appointed and 

E^ Confirmed in the place of Inuiter to the buyriall of deceased 

persons and that hee shall come to the Mayor for a License 

paying the Citty Nine Shillin besides fees and to bee renewed yearley 

Persuant to an order of CoiTIon Councill dated the 
Markett lirst of Aprill A? 1691 & directed to an appointed Com- 
iltee for the Regulating of marketts in this Citty Returne 
was made thereof unto this Board by Said Committee (Viz*) William 
Beekman Ebenezar Wilson Johannes Kipp and Tho: Cooker w*^** was 
accepted and approued of by this board accordingly being as ffolloweth 

That there bee two Marketts for flesh kept the one in 
Imprimis the broad way ouer against the ffort the other under the 
trees by the Slipp and that the Butchers Shall beo 
obliged to keep flesh in both places and that the Country People Shall 
bring flesh to Either of the two places Sueiting there best Conveniency 
and that no butchers meate be killed within the Citty gates 

^ ,. That Eggs Butter and Poultrey bee brought to said 

oeconcUv . r o 1 

places for Sayle 

That fish be brought unto the Dock ouer against the 
Thirdly Citty hall or the house that Long Mary formerly lined in 

Likewise hearbs fruite Rootes &c 

[359] Resolued that the Markett for flesh be kept three 
1^^ dayes in the Weeke Tuesday Thursday and Satter- 

day and that the markett bee opned by Seuen of tlie 
Clock in the morning and notice to bee giuen for the opening of the 
Same by the Ringing of the bell and in Case by tydes weather or any 
other accident that flesh fish Poultrey Eggs Butter Chease hearbes flFruit 
and Rootes or other Prouisions vendeble Should come to the Citty 
on other dayes w^t are not Markett dayes Yett they may neverthelesse 
be Sould in the Said Markett place under the Same Circumstances 
and Regulacons as on the dayes on w*^** the Marketts are appointed 



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2i8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

No Hucksters or Person to Sell againe Shall buy 

E^ any flesh fowles Eggs butter 6c Chease or any other 

Sort of Prouision Saylcable till it hath bin two houres in 

the Markett upon forfieture of Six Shillings and also what Shall bee 

So bought or Sold 

Any Person that buycs or Cheapons any Flesh Fish 
Fowles butter Chease hearbes fTruites and Rootes &c 
and conieing to the Markett to forfiete Six Shillings 

That all the abouesaid Prouision as flesh fish Poul- 
t[r]ey Eggs Butter Chease hearbes fl"ruite & Rootes ike 
that Shall be Exposed to Saylc in any other place then 
afore appointed to be forfeited to the Clarke of the Markett 

Ordered that the Clerke of the Markett Receiue for 
pj^ all Cattle killed for the ^^larkett for each head one Shill- 

ing for Euery hogg or Shoate brouglit or cut out for 
Sayle in the Markett house three pence and for Euery Sheep Calfe and 
Lamb Two pence (with this addition y*. y^ Country pay Nothing for 
what they shall bring Ready Killed) 

gC^** And for Sealing of weights and Measures one peny a 

p^ both great and Small 

That all Wood brought for a Markett or Expossed to Sayle in this 
Citty Shall be Corded [At this point appears in a different hand, the 
following marginal note: (at y^ choyse of y*^ P>uyer, & y^ Corder to be 
p** 8? p^ Cord)] and the Corder to recieue fower pence halfe peny for 
Each Cord to be payd halfe by the buyer and half [by] the Seller and 
the place of Cording to be att the Choice of the buyer 

By an order of Common Councill to an appointed 
Carrmen Commitie for Regulating the Carmen of this Citty Re- 
turne was made thereof and accordingly Accepted and 
approued of by this board 

Ordered that Benjemin Smeeds and Thomas Lance be Captains of 
the Seuerall Carmen within this Citty fS^o] [At this point is 
the following marginal note in a later hand: (Obadiah Hieltebie 
& Jn? Landstrat Captains of y^ Carmen.)] John Baker Carman 

James Ward Tho: Tomlinso Evert Hendrick Teunis Quick 
|3§^ Dirich Williamson Albert Leandort Geerit Cousyn Obediah 

Hieltebie Herman de Grand Daniell Walldron Jn® Lang- 
stradt John Pape Hendrick Johnson Claes Denier W^ Pierc John 
Andros John SpalHT 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



219 



^" 



No Carman admitted without a License paying for his Licence Six 
Shillings yearley for the Vse of this Citty besides ffees 

No Carman to ride about the Streets in his Cart under the 
fForfieture of Six Shillings one halfe to the Informer and 
the other halfe for the Vse of this Citty 

That the Carman Shall take turns Weekly for carrying 
away the durt of the Streets and that the Inhabitants Shall bee 
obliged to Load their Carts but if the Carman [be] forced to 
load themselues Euery Load Three pence 

The Carman Shall bee obliged to Carry loads to the Fort as 
Customary 

That they shall bee Obseruient to their Captains and 
there orders from time to time vpon penalty of three Shil- 
lings or loosing there place halfe thereof to the Informer 
and the other halfe to the Citty 

That the Cap^ of the Carmen are obliged to keep the 
Number of Twenty fower and upon the Remoeuall of any 
Carman to make there addresse to the Mayor for another 

That the Carmen Shall deuide themselues dayly one 
halfe to tend att y« Water Side and the other halfe to tend 
in the Citty and take the Same by turns upon the ffor- 
fieture of three Shillings for Each Carman halfe to the 
Informer the other halfe to the Citty 

No Boyes or Negroes to driue Cart upon the Penalty 
of three Shillings halfe to the Informer and the other 
halfe to y*^ Citty without Licence from y* Mayor 

No Carman to lett out his Cart but driue it himselfe 
without first making adress to the Mayor upon penalty 
of three Shittin halfe thereof to the Informer the other 
halfe to the Citty 

[361] That Euery Carman Shall bee Obliged to ride to the 
right Owners there goods upon Penalty of ffortey Shillings 
to the Citty besides the penalty of the Law ; 

All Carmen Shall bee Obliged to leaue all Imploys to at- 
tend the Riding up of Wheate or fflower or any other Mer- 
chandize Subject to Damage upon Penalty of three Shillings 
for Each default for the vse of y*^ Citty 



E^ 



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City of ) 
New-Yorkev 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
Hall of said Citty On Wednsday the 22* 
Day of Aprill Anno DonT 1691 



Present John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 
W? Pinhorne Record^ 
William Beeckman 
Johannes Kipp 
William Merrett 
Balth: Bayard 
Brandt Schuyler 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Stephen de Lancy 
Thomas Cooker ^ 

Nich: W? Stephenson 
Thomas Clarke 



>- AldernT 



>► Assistants 



Ordered that the Aldermen and Comon Councill men of Each 
Ward make Inspection into their Seuerall Wards making Returne 
of what poore therein who Stands in need of their Charitey and to 
Supply them in the Meane Time 



Strangers 



[362] And that no Person within this Citty Shall En- 
tertaine any Strangers for Longer time then the 
Space of Seuen Dayes without giuing Information to 
the Mayor of the Citty of there Names and whence 

they Came upon forfieture of the Sume of fortey Shillings for the Vse 

of the Citty 

And that no Boate or Vessel I Shall bring any Strangers 

1^^ into the Citty but the Masters of the Said Boate or Vessell 

Shall giue notice to the Mayor of the Said Citty of the Names 

of the Seuerall Passengers within Twenty foure houres after there Ar- 

riuall upon forfieture of fortey Shillings for the use of the Citty 

The Porters Pettion Read and referred till next Meeting 

Referred to the Mayor that hee lett out that Shop unlett being part 
of the Markett house 

Referred To Mr Recorder to make Inquiry about the Weigh house 
and to giue his Report next meeting 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 221 

Richard Chappman appearing here as also hauing Recomendation 
from his Excellency is appointed and Confirmed by this board in the 
place of Inviter to Funeralls together with Coenradus vander Beeck 
and there proffitts to bee Equall and are obliged to giue there Attend- 
ance att the Buyrialls of the poore & Such as are buyried at others 
Charitie for w^^ they are to haue no fees and that hee take his License 
for Said place paying as was ordered last Sitting unto Coenradus 
vander Beeck 



City of } gg 
New-Yorkej 



Present 



[3631 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Thursday the 2j 
Aprill Anno DoITI 1691 

John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 

William Pinhorne Recorder 

William Beeckman 

Johannes Kipp 

William Merritt 

Balth: Bayard 

Brandt Schuyler 

Teunis de Key 

Nich : W^ Steuenson 

Thomas Coker 

Thomas Clerke 



> Aldermen 



Comon Councill 



Ordered that the Clarke of the Mayors Court make En- 
quiry after and Recieuc in the Bookcs and papers Relating 
to the Publique business and Records of this Citty to Draw 
an Inuentory of them and to bee charged with them by Indenture 
Signed with the Mayor of this Citty and DuplicSt Signed ^1 the Clerq 
to Remaine in the hands of the Mayor Etc 

And that the Treasurer of the Citty doe in like manner 

Referred to M*" Recorder that hee draw an Address to his Excel- 
lency to Represent thier Right to the Weigh house and that M^ W*? 
Merritt M^ Johannes Kipp M*" Thomas Clarke and M*" Thomas Coker 
accompany M'' Recorder to present the Same to his Excellency 



The Porters Peticon Referred till next meeting 



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MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



City of ) gg 
Ncw-Yorkej 



Att a Comon Council! held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Fryday April! 24*** 
A? 1691 



Present 



[364] Present 



John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 

William Beeckman 

William Merritt 

Balth : Bayard 

Brandt Schuyler j 

W™ Pinhorne Recorder 

Teunis de Key 

Thomas Coker 

Thomas Clarke 

Ebinezar Willson 



> Aldermen 



>► Comon Council! 



The Peticon to his Excellency for obteining the Weigh house unto 
the use of the Citty read and approued of M'^ Recorder being desired 
to present the Same to his Excellency 

^^^ That the Mayor Recieue for his fees six Shillings for 

•^^ Euery Great Scale and three Shillings for a Small Scale 

That no person or persons whatsoeuer within this 
FFREEMEN Citty or Libertyes doe keep Shop and Sell any goods 

or wares by Retaile or Exercise any Handicraft trade 
or Occupacon but Such as are ffreemen thereof or 
So admitted by the Mayor or Court of Aldermen for the time being 
under penalty of ffiue pound for Each Offence and all persons 
hereafter to bee made free Shall pay as ffolloweth Euery Merchant 
Trader or Shop keeper the Summe of three pounds Twelue Shillings 
besides fees and Euery handicraft man one pound fouer Shillings 
besides fees On being made free as aforesaid for the Vse of this 
Citty 

Mr Mayor makes Reporte to this board that hee hath Lett out the 
Shopp in the Markett house to one John Ellison for Three pounds Ten 
Shilling ^ aHum to bee payd Quarterly and he to repayre the Same 
att his owne charge a paire of hinges for the Doore onley Accepted 

Ordered that a Standard of Weights and Measures bee appointed 
for the Citty 

^^—^ That the Marks of Weights and Measures be affixed as 

1^=*^ formerly N / With y* addition of a Crowne 

That John Stone bee admitted Cryer of the Mayors Court of this 
Citty 

The poortcrs peti?!on Refferred till next meeting 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



223 



[365] Cittyof ^gg 
Ncw-Yorke( 



Att a Court of Comon Councill held att 
tlie Citty hall of Said Citty on Satturday 
the 25*^ of Aprill A? DonT 1691 



Aldermen 



Assistants 



Present John I^wrence ESq'' Mayor 
William Penhorne Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Johannes Kipp 
W^ Merrett 
Balth : Bayard 
Brandt Schuyler 
Theunis de Key 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Stephen de Lancy 
Thomas Cooker 
Nich W? Stephenson 
Tho: Clarke 

( )RDn:RED that the Necessary house bee remoued and placed further 
downe upon the Dock and that IVK Merritt and M*" Tho Clerke see 
the same performed 

^ WiiKRKAS great Inconviency doth arise by trusting 
of Saylers whereby they Neglectt thier Attendance on 
board greatly to the hinderance of Trade 

Ordered that if any publicq house or any other 
person Shall trust any Saylor belonging to any Shipp 
or X'essell shall forfeit all that hee Shall so trust him 
with and Shall haue no benefitt of the Law for the Re- 
couerv of the Same 
Ordered that no Inhabitant of this Citty Shall Sell to 
Indians any Indians any Rumme or other Strong Liquors under 

the Quantity of fifteen Gallons upon penalty of the for- 
feiture of ffiue pounds halfe whereof to bee to the Informer and the 
other halfe for the Vse of the Citty. and Retaylers of Liquors restrained 
from Selling any Rume or Strong Liquors to y* Indians vnder y* 
quantity of fine gait vpon the fforfeiture of Nine Shillings halfe to the 
Informer & halfe to the Citty 

That no person or Persons whatsoeuer with 
Negro or Indyan in this Citty and Libertyes thereof doe har- 
}^§^ hour Entertaine or Countenance any Negro or 

Indian Slaue in. thier house or otherwise or Sell or [366] Deliuer 
to them any Wine RuMfn or other Strong Liquor without Leaue 



Saylers 



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224 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

from thier Master or Rccieuc or take from Ihcm any money or 
other goods on Any other Account vvhatsoeuer but upon any offer 
Desire or Attempt made by any Such Slaue So to doe they are 
forthwith to Reueale the Same to the Master or owner of Such 
Slaues or to the Mayor of this Citty or ICldest Alderman under the 
Penalty of fine pounds one halfe for the Vse of the Citty the other 
halfe to the Informer 

That no Carrane Gutts Garbadge Oyster Shells ashes or 
any other kind of Durt or fylth whatsoeuer that may giue 
annoyance bee throwne into any of the Streets within this 
Citty under the penalty of three Shillings one halfe to the Informer and 
the other halfe for the Vse of the Citty 

And all persons within this Citty are on Euery Satturday 
J3^ morning the Season of the yeare and weather permitting to 
cleare the Streets and Sweep the Dirt before there houses 
into heapes and cause the Same to bee Loaden and put into Carts or 
els to pay the Carman Three pence for Loadin<^ and Carrying the Same 
away under the like penalty Likwise that no Timber must lye in the 
Streets for Sayle under the Same penalty to bee disposed of in the 
Said Manner 

The orders for the due obseruance of the Lords Day for- 
^^^ merly Entred in folo* (231) (232) be continued 

Voted that the ffees of all officiers appointed by the Char- 
ter bee Committed to ^M*" Recorder M^ Johannes Kipp M^ 
Brandt Schuyler M^ Ebenezer Wilson and M^* Teunis de Key 

Citty of ) 00 Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorke( *" hall of Said Citty on Munday the 2y^^ day 

of Aprill A? Dom 169 1 

Present John Lawrence Esq*" Mayor 

William Penhorne Recorder 

[367] William Beeckman ^ 

Balth: Bayard ... 

vy J., c u 1 )> Aldermen 

Brandt Schyler ^ 

John Merritt 

Teunis de Key 

Ebenezer Wilson 

Stephen de Lancv a • . . 

rrv, r^ i ^ > Assistants 

Tho: Coker 

Nich W'? Stephenson 

Tho: Clarke 



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Assistants 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 225 

Vpon Reading a Report from the house of Representitiues made by 
Alderman Merritt and Alderman Kipp The Mayor Aldermen and 
Comonalty haue appointed Alderman William Beekman and M^ 
Thomas Coker to acquaint the house that they haue appointed a 
Q>1Tritee to Regulate the flfees of this Corporatio 

Citty of ) Att a Comon Councill held att the 

New-yorkej Citty hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 

29*^ Aprill A? 1 69 1 
John Lawrence Esq'^ Mayor 
William Penhorne Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Johannes Kipp 

Wilt? Merritt ^ Aldermen 

Balth: Bayard 

Brandt Schuyler 

Teunis de Key 

Ebenezer Wilson 

Stephen de Lancy 

Nich W*" Stephenson 

Thomas Coker 

Thomas Clarke 

Whereas p*" a former order of Comon Councill dated 

Wharfe the 14**^ day of June 1688 that Euery Inhabitant Should 

Compleate thier Warfe fitt for Vse between that and the first 

day of October next Ensueing w^^ not hauing bin obserued but the 

Warfe being Still unfinished 

Ordered that the Purchasers and Owners of the Seuerall Lotts of 
land lying next the Water Side betwixt the State house and the Bridge 
haue notice that between this and the first of October Next Ensueing 
they cause [368] The said Warfe fully to bee Compleated and finished 
for Vse and all Vacant holes and Spaces to bee filled up and Leuelled 
Vpon the Pena[l]ty of Ten pounds for Each lott so unfinisht or 
unfilled up to bee paid to the Vse of the Citty 

Ordered that M' Schuyler and M^ Clarke bee appoi[n]ted to See 
the Lotts belonging to the Citty Between this and the Bridge to bee 
filled up and the Warfe compleated 

Ordered that Euery Male Negro in the Citty with Wheele barrows 
and Spades performe one dayes Worke about Said lotts as they Shall 
bee orderd by M"" Schuyler and M"" Clarke 

On fayler of any Negroes Working as afore the Mr of Said Negroe 
Vol. r.— 15 



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226 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty of ) gg 
Newryorke C 



Present 



y Aldermen 



So neglecting to worke Shall forfeite one Shilling & Six pence to the 
Vse of the Citty 

Ordered that Cap* Collier bee prouided for as an object of Charitey 
and that Three Shillings and Six pence p^ Weeke bee allowed for his 
maintenance to bee paid to his Landlord 

Ordered that the Inhabitants by the Water Side from the Citty 
hall to the Slipp bee Summoned in order to the Setling a time for the 
building the Warfe that is to run before there Lotts and giue there 
Attendance Satterday Morning by Seuen of the Clock att Bell 
Ringing 

Att a CoTTIon Councill held at the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Munday IMay 4*** 
1691 
John Lawrence ESqf Mayor 
William Pinhorn Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Johannes Kipp 
William Merret 
Balthazar Bayard 
Brandt Schuyler 
John Merritt 
Teunis dc Key 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Stephen de Lancy 
Nich W*? Stephenson 
Thomas Coker 
Thomas Clarke 
Ordered that there be Sworne Surveyors appointed 
for this Citty by whose aduice and Direction the Ground 
within this Citty Shall bee built and that none doe build 
before the Front of that ground be rec^ and Layd out by 
them and as they Shall Direct 

That a Regular Order and Vniformity may be kept 
and obserued in the Streets and Buildings And that none 
Pane before there houses but in such manner as ap- 
pointed by the Said Surveyors And that for Laying out 
of Each house Lott and Giuing Certificate thereof the 
Said Surveyors Shall haue and Recieue from the Owners 
thereof the Summe of Six Shillings 

Peter King and Adolph Peters are appointed Sur- 
^ veyors of this Citty and Sworne accordingly 



[369] 



> Assistants 



Surveyo*? 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



227 



Ordered that the Owners of the Seuerall Lotts of Land Lyeing 
upon the Water Side betwixt the State house and the SHpp doe finish 
and Complea[te] the Wharf e that is to bee built before the Said Lotts 
betwixt this and the Last day of Nouember next Ensueing upon the 
Penality of Ten pounds to bee paid for the Vse of the Citty 



Citty of 
New-Yorke 



SS 



Att a Cofnon Councill held att the Citty 
Hall of Said Citty on Saturday the 9*** of 
May 1 69 1 



[Present] John Lawrence Esq'' Mayor 
William Pinhorn Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Johannes Kipp 
William Merrett 
Balthar: Bayard 
[370] Brandt Schuyler 

John Merrett 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Stephen de Lancy 
Nich W? Stephenson 
Thomas Coker 
Thomas Clarke 



L Aldermen 



> Aldermen 



y Assistants 



Bread 



Ordered that M^ Schuyler and M^ Coker bee appointed to Enquire 
of Mr Cortland what Security was giuen by M' De La Noy att his 
Entry into the Treasurers office 

Recomended to the former Comittee appointed to Inspect the 
Reuennues of the Citty that they hasten the Reporte and particularly 
the account of Mr Peter de La Noy 

Ordered Assize of Bread be till further order as folt 
A white Loafe of the finest flower 16 ounces for ij^^ 
A wheaten Loafe the Coarsest brand onley taken out Eight 
pound ten Ounces for Nine pence 

And also the halfe and double Loafes proportinable 
Wheat being att the rate of Three Shillings ^ Bushell 

Ordered that no Other bread for Sale bee made then 
what aboue Specified 



^ 



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2 28 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Complaint was made by Cap^ Lockard against Coleman Butcher 
who denyes any Obiedience to the Rules and orders of this Citty 

Ordered that M"" Recorder M*" Schuyler and M"" Wilson waite 
upon his Excellency to acquaint him of the Said Complaint 

Ordered that old Bush deliuer into the hands of the 
Weights & Treasurer the Scales and weightes that he hath in his 
Measures hands belonging to the Citty being first Satisfied for the 
makehig of them 

Ordered the Measures in the hands of Cap* Lodwike and Alder- 
man Skuyler be deliuered into the hands of the Treasurer 

Ordered that the Treasurer purchase for the Vse of the 
1^* Citty Such other Weights and Measures as Shall be neces- 
sary to Compleate a Standard of Weights and measures for 
the Citty 

[371] And that all the aforesaid weiglits and ^Measures be Secured 
in the Citty hall under I.ock and Key 

Ordered that no Swine whatsoeuer be Suffered to goe 

^^ or Range in any the Streets or Lanes within the fiue 

Wards belonging to this Citty on the South side of the 

fresh Water under the penalty off forfieture of all Such 

Swine as Shall bee found or taken goeing and Ranging in any the 

Streets or Lanes aforesayd 

That all Swine that Shall bee found or taken up by any Officier 
Shall bee aprized by any Two Inhabitants and one halfe of 
the Valine to bee payd to the Treasurer for the Vse of this 
Citty and the other halfe to Such officer that Shall finde and 
take up the Same 

Ordered that the former Regulations Relating to the Dock as it 
is now lett to Farme to M^ Marshall bee confirmed till further order 

That All the Inhabitants of this Citty that Shall bee Warned by M' 
Thomas Clarke to produce thier ffreedoms to Retaile 
1^" or use any handicraft trade within this Citty are hereby 

in y« Name Required to Satisfie the Said Clarke in thier flfreedoms 
of y* Sherife or giue Sattisf action to the Mayor of the Citty within 
fourteen dayes time after Such Demand made by M*" 
Clarke upon fforfieture of Twenty Shillings for the Vse of the Citty 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



229 



Citty of I 
New-Yorkel 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
hall of said Citty on Wednsday the first 
day of July AnTT. DoTTT 1691 



Present 



John Lawrence Esq' Mayor 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
Will".* Merrit 
Theunis de Key 
Stephen D lancy 
Ebcnezer Wilson 
Thomas Clarke 



y Aldermen 



> Comon Councill 



Ordered that all manner of persons that hath any Just pretence of 
Debt from this Citty are Required to bring in their accounts within 
foureteen dayes unto the Treasurer 



[372] Citty of I 
New-Yorke^ 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
Hall of Said Citty on Tuesday the 7*? day 
of July A? DoITT 1 69 1 



P'^sent John Lawrence Esq^* Mayor 
W7 Pinhome Recorder 
W^ Beekman 
WT Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
John Merritt 
Theunnis de Key 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Thomas Coker 



Aldermen 



^ Comon <"ouncill 



A Peticon of John Smith Referred to this Court concerning his 
lott of Ground by an order of Councill 

Ordered that Enquiry be made what the Said lott is disposed of 
for by the Citty 

Ordered all fonner orders made and Published Since his Excel- 
lencys arriuall are renewed 



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230 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that the poysonous and Stincking Weeds with- 
Weads in this Citty before Euery ones doore be forth with pluckt 
up upon the forfieture of three Shillings on Neglect 
thereof 

Ordered that the Sherriffe Sieze all Flower or bread 
FFLOWER that Shall come to this Citty which haue been Boalted 
or bakt without the Libertves of the Same 



Ordered that Cap! Skuyler & Cap* Willson reteine three 
Lawyers on behalfe of the Citty 

Ordered Capt William Merritt M'" Johannes Kipp Cap^ Teunis de 
Key and Mr Thomas Clarke are appointed a Comittee to En- 
quire what lands of the Citty may bee conveinient to be Sold 
who are appointed to take to their Assistants the Surveyor 

of this Citty to Inspect what Incroachments are made upon the Citty 

lands 

Ordered that the Widdow Langley be Prouided for as an Object 
of Charity and that Two Shillings and Six pence p^ Week be allowed 
her for her maintenance 

Court Adjourned till y*^ Afternoone 

[373] Ordered that Cap*. Wilson and Cap* John Merrit bee Joyned to 
the former Committee for the compleating and finishing the Wharfe 
lyeing upon the Water Side betwixt the Stadthouse and the Bridge 
who are Likewise appointed a ConTitee for the placeing and filling up 
a frame for what lands belong to the Citty betwixt the Statehouse and 
the Slipp 

Ordered that a halfe penny per pound bee assessed upon the In- 
habitants of this Citty in Order to the paying of the Citty Debts and 
that the assessors for the money raised upon the Citty for the Estab- 
lishment for a hundred flfusileers by Act of Assembly be likewise the 
Assessors for this half penny p^ pound to bee paid unto the Treasurer 
of the Citty by the Twenty fiueth of this Instant July 

Ordered that no flesh bee Sould but in y« Markett house upon 
the forfieture of the Same to the Clarke of the Markett 

Ordered that no Butchers Meate be killed within the 
f2^ Citty Gates upon forfieture of Six Shillings to the Clarke of 
the Markett 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



231 



Citty of } 
New-Yorkej 



SS 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Thursday the 9*** 
July A? DoTlT 1 69 1 



Present John Lawrence Esq"" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
Johannes Kipp 
William IVIerritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
Kbenezer Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Theunis de Key 
Thomas Clarke 



y Aldermen 



Conion Councill 



Ordered that Cap' William Merritt AP Johannes Kipp Cap* Brandt 
Skuyler & M' Teunis de Key are appointed a Comittec to build a Mar- 
kett house att the End of the Heerej^raft Street for all but Butchers 
Meate 

[374] Ordered that the Citty Surveyors doe attend of Cap* William 
Merritt Alderman Johannes Kipp Cap* Brandt Skuyler and 
Cap* Theunnis de Key who are appointed a CorfTittee for the 
laying out the heere graft Street to the Water Side 



New-Yorke SS 



Att a Conion Councill held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Satturday the 25*^ 
day of July A? DoITT 1691 



John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 
William Beekman 
Balth: Bayard 
Brandt Skuyler 
Stephen d 'Lancy 
Ebenezer Willson 
Thomas Clarke 



Aldermen 



^ Comon Councill 



Ordered that Aldermen Johannes Kipp and M' Stephen d'Lancy 
Tax Euery ^ticular person menconed in the assesment brought in at 
the rate of 2^ in the pound and make Retume of the Same on Munday 
Next in the Euening unto the Mayor 



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232 MINUTES OF THE COMxMON COUNCIL 



Citty of ) ^^^ Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-Yorket hall of Said Citty on Thursday the 17*^ 

Septemb AHiT Dom 1691 

John Lawrence Esq*" Mayor 
Balth. Bayard Alderman 



Teunis de Key "^ 

Stephen d' Lancy ^ Comon Councill 

Thomas Clarke J 

Court adjourned till two in y* Afternoone 



I375] Citty of ) Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-Yorkej ^^" Hall of said Citty on Thursday the 17*** 
September in the Afternoone Anno 1691 

John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Beekman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Balth. Bayard 
Brandt Skuyler 
Theunnis de Kay 
Ebenezer Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Coker 
Thomas Clarke 



>. Aldermen 



j^ Comon Councill 



Ordered that what money is recieued by the Constables and Col- 
lectors of the Seuerall Wards of this Citty by Vertue of a former 
order of CoHTOn Councill bearing date the 7^^ of July 1691 for the 
assessing the Inhabitants of this Citty ^2^ ^ £ to the paying of the 
Citty Debts be forthwith paid in unto the Treasurer of this Citty 

Mf Mayor tendering fine pounds Eighteen Shitting Recieued from 
the Wife of Otto Garrison the fine pounds being for her ffine for trade- 
ing with a Negro Slaue and the Eighteen Shillings for Two firkins 
of Soape — Ordered that fifty Shillings of the Said money be paid into 
the hands of the Recieuer for the Vse of the Citty the other fifty Shil- 
lings unto Thomas Clarke as Informer off Said ffact and the Eighteen 
Shillings to M*" Phillip French in pay for his Soape 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 233 

Ordered that the Widdow Barbery be prouided for as an Object 
of Charity and that three Shitt : pr Week be paid unto her landlady for 
lier maintenance 

Ordered that Arthur Strangwich bee prouided for as an Object of 
Charity and that three Shillings p"" Weeke be payed unto his Wife for 
his Maintenance 

1 376] Ordered that the Two Woemen and two Children without the 
gate in the House of John de La Vail the one called Topknott Betty the 
other one Stillwells wife with the Children be prouided for as Ob- 
jects of Charity and that four Shillings a weeke bee allowed them for 
one months time 

Robert Stapelton makeing application for a Lease dureing the 
Naturall Life of himselfe and his wife Hannah of a certaine p* of 
land lying beyond the Smiths ffly att the flfoot of the hill bounded 
Southwest by the Land of Mr Beekman q" ( ?) fforty ffoot in ffront 
and 22 ffoot Backward into the hill rendering and paying unto the Citty 
Six shillings 'x^ yeare and leaning a Convenient Road betwixt his 
house and high water marke and continueing a Building thereupon 
in Convenient repaire w^^ att the decease of himselfe and his wife 
is to returne to the Citty Is granted him for the terme abouesaid and 
ORDERED that a Lease be drawne accordingly. 

Ordered that the lotts belonging to the Citty from Burgers path to 
the foot of the hill by M^" Beekmans be Exposed to Sale and Ordered 
that the former Committee with the Recorder If in Towne 
to take to their Assistance the Citty Surveyors and lay out 
the said ground in Convienient Lotts and make a Draft of 
the Same w^^ they are to giue into the Common Councill and are here- 
by Impowred to take Such proper Methods for the Sale of the Said 
lotts as they Shall See Conveinient giuing an ace* to the Common 
Councill from time to time of their proceedings therein 

An Ace* brought in by M*^ Skuyler being read for Sundry per- 
ticulars of Sundry persons amounts to £36:15 — is allowed and or- 
dered that the Treasurer make payment thereof being for Stockadoes 
and worke for the Wharfe 

Ordered M'^ Mayor M** Recorder with M*" Skuyler M*" Bayard Mf 
Willson and M*" Clarke doe attend the Coriander in chiefe an[d] Coun- 
cill to moue for a returne to their petic^n formerly giuen In relaeting 
to the Weigh house 



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234 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Ordered that the Treasurer Lett Scarrbanck haue a new Suite and 
assist him in whats wanting 

Court adjourned till to morrow 3 of y^ Clock in y*^ Afternoone 



[377] Citty of I 
New-Yorkei 



Att a Coiuon Councill held att the Citty 



hall of said Citty on Satturday the 19' 
day of September A? 1691 



th 



Present John Lawrence Esq^ Mayor 

William Pinhorne Recorder 

William Beekman 

William Merritt ^Aklernicn 

Balth. Bayard 

Theunnis de Key 

Ebenezer Willson 

Stephen d'Lancy ^Assistants 

Thomas Coker 

Thomas Clarke 
That whereas Seuerall Hucksters pretending for to 
buy for pcrticular famylies haue made the former order 
of no Effect by buying and carrying the Same home to 
their owne Shopps. 

Ordkred that no Huckster Man or Woman that Vse 
any trade of Huckstering within this Citty Shall buy any 
prouisions that comes to Markett under any pretence 
Whatsoeuer till Such time as the Said prouisions haue 
been two houres in the Markett upon the Penalty or for- 
.feiture of what they Shall So buy. 

Vpon a Peticon giuen in by the purchasers of the land bounded by 
the Dock Street for Longer time for finishing the Wharfe 

The Common Councill hath giuen them till Midsumer day next 
they obliedging themselues under the penalty of Ten pounds accord- 
ing to the former orders to finish them by the Said day. 

Ordered that English Smith be paid Twelue Shillings for his Mes- 
sage performed. 

Ordered that Stephen d' Lancy Balth. Bayard Brandt Skuyler and 
Theunnis de Key are appointed a ColTTittee to State and audite the 
whole Accounts of the Citty and make a Reporte this day Sennelt 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



235 



[378] Citty of 
New-Yorke 



Present 



SS 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Munday the 21^ day 
of 7ber A? 1691. 



John Lawrence Esq*" Mayor 

William Pinhorne Recorder 

Brandt Skuyler 
William Beekman 
John Merritt 
>ri':h Stuyversane 
'1 iiciuinis de Key 
wSiephen d*Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 



L Aldermen 
Assistants 



Ordered that the Stockadoes bee brought into the Citty yard and 
Secured for the Citty Vse. 

That upon Application of the Purchasers of the Lotts 
jggp* bounded by the Dock Street Setting forth that they could 
not with any Convieniency finish the Wharfe by the time pre- 
fixed in the former order A Farther time is granted them till Midsumer 
day Next By w*^? time they are obliedged to finish and Compleate the 
Same upon penalty of Ten pounds for Each Lott for the Vse of the 
Citty 

Pieter de Riemer bringing in an Ace* for repairing the Well before 
his doore Amount to Nineteen Shitt and ten pence halfe penny. 

Ordered that the Said ace* be paid by the Treasurer 



Citty of I 
New-Yorke j 



Att a Meeting att the Citty hall of Said 



Citty on 
1691 



Tuesday the 29*? SeptelHtJ A? 



Present John Lawrence ESq^ Mayor 



Stephen d' Lancy 
Theunis de Key 
W? Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
John Merritt 
Thomas Clarke 



• Aldermen 



. Assistants 



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236 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[379] Ordered that a new Address be drawne up by Mr Emett to the 
Gouemof and Council! Relaeting to a bill passed the house of Repre- 
sentatiues concerning the Priuiledges of the Citty of w^^ there is demurr 
in Councill And that M^ Mayor with the Recorder Alderman William 
Merritt Johannes Kipp Brandt Skuyler M"^ Ebenezer Willson M^ 
Stephen d' Lancy and M^ Thomas Clarke waite upon the Commander 
in chiefe and Councill accordingly 

Ordered that the former Attorneys appointed by the Comon 
Councill for the A^on of the fflower be Imployed and payd their ffees 
by the Treasurer in an a^on CorfYenced by the Widdow Banker 
against Thomas Clarke 

Ordered that Six pounds be payd unto Mr Grey ham for drawing 
up the Act for the Priuilidge of the Citty and that the Treasurer 
forthwith pay the Same 



According to a Warrant Issued forth by the Mayor to Each p'^tic- 
ular Alderman for the Chooseing new Officiers for their Respectiue 
Wards within this Citty to Serue for the next Ensueing yeare Retume 
was made thereof by Euery AldeffiT accordingly being as ffoH (Viz*) 



East Ward 



Dock Ward 



North Ward 



South Ward 



^William Beekman 

Ebenezar Willson 

Peter Janzen Van Tiberg 

John Theobald 
^ Peter Adolph 
^William Merritt 

Thomas Clarke 
< Joseph Blydenbergh 

John de Poister 
(^Nicholas de Meyer 
'^Johannes Kipp 

Theunis de Key 

Hendrick Kermer 

Jacob Boelen 

Johannes Beekman 

Brandt Skuyler 

Stephen d' Lancy 

Anthony Farmer 

John Smith 

Rip van Dam 



Alderman 

CoHTon Cotmcill man 

Constable 

Assessors 

Alderman 

CoIHon Councill man 

Constable 



Assessors 

Alderman 

Conton Q)uncill man 

Constable 

Assessors 

Alderman 

Conion Councill man 

Constable 

Assessors 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



237 



[380] 



Out Ward J 



West Ward 



""John Merritt 
Garrett Dow 
Anthony Sorley 
Peter d' Groot 
John Dickman 
Peter Oblimus 

'^Robert Darkins 
Peter King 



Alderman 

CoRTon Councill man 

Constable 



[ Assessors 






Constable for Haerlem 

Alderman 

Comon Councill man 

Constable 



Assessors 



Barthol Larovv 
Robert White 
Samuell Ackett 

Edward Buckmaster was chosen high Constable by the Mayor for 
the Yeare next Ensueing 

Mf Ebenezer Willson [was] chosen Treasurer by Majority of Votes 
for the Yeare Ensueing 



Citty of I 
New-Yorke( 

[Present] 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 7^ of 
OctoU Aim 1691 

John Lawrence Esq*" Mayor 

William Pinhorne Recorder 

William Beeckman 

William Merritt 

Johannes Kipp ^Aldermen 

Brandt Skuyler 

Balth : Bayard 

Teunis de Key 

Ebenzar Willson 

Stephen d' Lancy ^ Assistants 

Thomas Coker 

Thomas Clarke 

[381] Ordered that Arrent Fredrick and Coenradus vander Beek do 
take the Estate of Hellena Sessions dec? and appraize the Same Re- 
turning an Inuentory into the Mayors Court upon their Oath 

Ordered that three Shillings ^ Weeke be allowed the Mother of 
the abouesaid Mary Sessions for her maintenance 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay unto Attornyes Thirty Shil- 
lings a ps that are reteined about the fflower and unto the Atto'^ Generall 
Three pounds 



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238 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that there be a Ducking Stoole to be built forthwith 
upon the Wharfe before the Towne house 



Cittyof ) ^^^ Att a Coinon Councill held att the 

New-Yorkej Citty hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 

14^^ October Ann Don! 1691 

[Present] John Lawrence Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Beekman 
Johannes Kipp 
William Merritt 
Balth : Bayard 
Brandt Skuyler 
John Merritt 
Teunis de Key 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Ebenezer Willson V Assistants 
Thomas Coker 
Thomas Clarke 



>. Aldermen 



[382] The old Mayor and Aldermen attended the Commander in 
Chiefe and Councill where Cap^ Abraham de Peyster was Sworne 
Mayor for the Ensueing Yeare who Returned with the Old Mayor unto 
the Citty hall where by the Old Mayor the place was resigned him 
and att the Same time M*" Thomas Codrington was Sworne Sherriffe 
for the following yeare who Attended in his Office 

Court ajourned till the Ringing of the 
first Bill in the aftemoone in Order to the 
Receiuing of the Charter and Seales and 
Swearing the Officiers for the Ensueing 
yeare 

The New Mayors Comission being read the Citty Charter with the 
Citty Seales was Surrendred up unto him accordingly by the Old 
Mayor 

The New Sherriffs Commission [was] also read 

The New Aldermen being Called the Old ones were dismissed and 
the New ones tooke their places and were accordingly Sworne 

The New Assistants being called the old ones were dismissed and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 239 

the new ones tooke their places Stephen d* Lancy absent the others 
were accordingly Sworne 

The Constables new chosen Sworne Except Joseph Blydenburgh 
and Barthol : Larow being absent 

Edward Buckmaster High Constable was Sworne 
[383'J The Mayors and SherriflFs Comicorr Publickly Read 

The Treasurer and all other New Officiers chosen also publickly 
read of 

Vpon w^^ the Court dismissed till the Next Customary Court day 



To his Excell^^y Coll. Henry Sloughter 
Cap* Generall and Comander in Chiefe in 
and ouer tlieir Majes**^* Prouince of New- 
Yorke and Territories depending thereon 

The Peticon of the Mayor Aldermen and CoIiTonalty of 
Ncw-Yorke 

Huir.bly offers to yo*" Excell^r 

That Whereas in the time of the Gouernm' of Keucr [Kieft] and 
Steuenson [Stuyvesant] Gouern''? of this Prouince under the States 
Generall This Citty then called by the name of New Amsterdam was 
ruled by Burgermasters and S[c]hepens and had all that time the 
bcnefitt of the weigh house and in Gouerno*" Nicholls his time as by 
the Articles of Surrender the former priuiledges of the Citty more 
[were?] Confirmed and the Weighhouse granted a Perquesite there- 
to belonging and after in the Yeare 1673 and So forward, to Nouem- 
ber 1764 remained in the possession of the City and all proffitts ariesing 
there from accounted to the Citty the better to Enable them to main- 
taine their [384] Fortifications and Whereas by a Charter of In- 
corporation and Priuiledges^^ granted by Cott Thomas Dongan 
bearing date Aprill the 27*^ 1686 confirming to the Mayor Aldermen 
and CoiYTonalty of the Citty and their Successors That they Shall 
haue and enjoy all the priuilidges and flFranchises That any of their 
Predecessors att any time within the Space of Twenty yeares last 
past had tooke or Enjoyed or ought to haue had by reason or under 
pretence of any former Charter Grant Prescription or any other right 
Custome or Vsage although they haue bin at any time Since disused 
or be not perticularly menconed therein. 

Yet so it is that for Seuerall yeares past tlie Citty haue not had 



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240 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

the benefit! of Said Weighhouse or recieued any of the Proffitts arise- 

ing therefrom 

Wherefore [we] pray that your Ex- 
cell^^T would be pleased to Order Said 
Weighhouse with the Reuenue and proffitts 
thereof for time to come To be and remaine 
as of custome and right belong to the Mayor 
Aldermen and Comonalty of this City 

And your Peticoner[s] Shall euer pray Ac 



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VOLUME TWO 



MANUSCRIPT MINUTES 



Vol. I.-16 



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Aldermen 



Til ntt f ) Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New Yorkef ^ ^^" ^^ ^^^^ ^^"^ ^" Thursday the 15^ day 

^ of October Anno 1691 

Present Abraham de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Beekman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezer Willson 
Thomas Clarke > . . 

Peter King T Assistants 

Gerrit Douw J 

M* Mayor Called this Comon Councill to read the Charter and to 
make Inspection into the former Orders made Since Governo*' 
Slaughters arriuall in order to a further proceeding in the buisness of 
this Citty 

Vpon which the Said foregoing Orders was perused continued 
and confirmed and Ordered to be Entred accordingly being as fol- 
loweth 

It is Voted the Gentlmen belonging to this Court of 
Repealed Comon Councill not appearing being Summoned att the 
Sitting thereof precisely halfe an hour after one bell Ring- 
ing for the Same In case of Such absence Except Sicknesse being out 
of Towne to forfeit three Shillings or some reasonable Excuse for the 
Same 

[2] And if any one riseth after Sitting without leaue to forfeite 
P^ one Shilling and Six pence to be disposed of for the benefitt of 
the CoMon Councill as they Shall thinck fitt 

Ordered that Jacob Coiner be Measurer for Wheate within this 
P" Citty and take his Lisence accordingly paying his fees for the 
Same 

243 



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244 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that John Crooke and John Vincent take the Oaths of 

P*" Gangers Packers and Culours of this Citty before the Mayor take- 

ing their Licences paying Each of them Eighteen Shillings for the 

Citty besides fees and to be renewed yearly 

Ordered that Coenradus vander Beek be appointed and con- 

P*" firmed in the place of Inviter to the buyryall of deceased persons 

and that he Shall come to the Mayor for a Lisence paying the Citty 

Nine Shillings besides fees and to be Renewed yearly 

That there be two Marketts for flesh kept the one in the 

Imprimis Broad Way oner against the Fort the other under the Trees 

by the Slipp and that the Butchers Shall bee Oblidged to 

keep flesh in both places and that the Country people Shall bring flesh 

* J xi- X T» ^ u ^1 to Either of the two places Sueit- 

*and that no Butchers meate be . , , ^ . ^ , 

1 -11 J -.1 • . /— .. X J"g there best Conveniency *and 

killed withm y« Citty gates /^ u * u * u xr-n a 

P 1 H "^ Butchers meate be Killed 

within the Citty Gates 

Secondly That Eggs Butter and Poultry be brought to Said places 

for Sayle 

That Fish be brought unto the Dock ouer against the 

Thirdly Citty hall or the house that Long Mary formerly liued in 

Likewise Hearbes fruite Rootes &c 

[3] Resolued that the Markett for Flesh be kept three dayes in 

the Weeke Tuesday Thursday and Satterday and that the Markett be 

opened by Seaven of the Qock in the Morning and notice to be giuen 

for the opening of the Same by the Ringing of the Bell and in case by 

Tides Weather or any other accident that Flesh Fish Poultry Eggs 

Butter Chease Hearbes Fruite and Rootes or other Prouisions vend- 

able Should come to the Citty on other dayes yett they ]\Iay Neuerthe- 

lesse be Sould in the Said Markett place under the Same Circumstances 

and Regulacons as on the dayes w*^^ the Marketts are appointed 

No Hucksters or Persons to Sell againe Shall buy any flesh fish 
fowles Eggs butter Sc Chees or any other sort of Prouision Sayleable 
till it hath bin two houres in the Markett vpon forfeiture of six Shil- 
lings and also of what shall be so bought or Sold 

Any Person that buyes or Chcapons any flesh fish fowles Butter 
Cheese hearbes Fruites and Rootes &c and Comeing to the Markett to 
forfeite Six Shillings 

That all the abouesaid Prouision as flesh fish Poultry Eggs Butter 
Cheese hearbes fruite Rootes &c that shall be Exposed to Sayle in anv 
other place then afore appointed to be forfeited to the Clarke of the 
Markett 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 245 

Ordered that the Gierke of the Markett' recieue for all Chattell 
killed for the Markett for each head one shilling for Euery hogg or 
Shoate brought or cut out for Sayle in the Markett house three pence 
and for Euery Sheep Calfe and Lamb Two pence and that the Country 
pay nothing for what they Shall bring ready killed 

And for Sealing of Weights and Measures one peny a piece both 
great and Small 

[4] That all Wood brought for a Markett or Exposed to Sayle in this 
Citty Shall be Corded at the Choice of the Buyer and the Corder to 
recieue Eight pence for each Cord and the place of Cording to be att 
the Choice of the buyer 

Ordered that Obadiah Hillsobie and John Longstraet be Cap- 
Pr taines of the Seuerall Carmen within this Citty Thomas lance 
Carman John Baker James Ward Tho: Tomlins ^««<* Evert 
Hendrick Teunis Quick Dirick Williamson Albert Leendert Geritt 
Cosyn Herman de Grand Daniell Waldron John Pape Hendrick 
Johnson Claes denier W? Pierce John Andros John Spann 

No Carman to ride about the Streets in his Cart under the for- 
feiture of Six Shillings one halfe to the Informer the other halfe to 
the Vse of this Citty 

That the Carman Shall take turns Weekly for Carrying away the 
Durt of the Streets and that the Inhabitants Shall be Oblidged to Load 
their Carts but if the Carmen forced to Load themselues Euery Load 
three pence 

That they Shall be obseruient to their Captaines and there Orders 
from time to time upon Penalty of three Shillings or loosing there 
place halfe thereof to the Informer the other halfe to the Citty. 

That the Captaines of the Carmen are oblidged to keep the Number 
of Twenty four and upon the Remouall of any Carman to make there 
Addresse for another 

That the Carmen Shall deuide themselues dayly one halfe to tend att 
the Water side [5] And the other halfe to tend in the Citty and take the 
Same by turns upon the forfieture of three Shillings for each Carman 
halfe to the Informer the other halfe to the Citty 

No Boyes nor Negroes to driue Cart upon Penalty of three Shillings 
halfe to the Informer and the other halfe to the Citty without Lisence 
from the Mayor 

No Carman to lett out his Cart but driue itt himselfe without first 
Makeing addresse to the Mayor up6n Penalty of three Shillings halfe 
thereof to the Informer the other halfe to the Citty 

That Euery Carman shall be Oblidged to ride to the right owners 



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246 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

their goods upon Penalty of fforty Shillings to the Citty besides the 
Penalty of the Law 

All Carmen Shall be oblidged to leaue all Imploys to attend the 
Riding up of Wheate or fflower or any other Marchandize Subject to 
Damage upon Penalty of three shillings for each default for the Vse 
of the Citty. 

And that no person within this Citty Shall Entertaine any Strangers 
for Longer time then the Space of Seucn dayes without giueing In- 
formation to the Mayor of the Citty of their Names and whence they 
Came upon forfeiture of the Sume of forty shillings for the Vse of the 
Citty 

And that no Boate or Vessell shall bring any Strangers into the 
Citty But the Masters of the said Boate or Vessell shall giue notice 
to the Mayor of the said Citty and the names of the Seuerall passengers 
within Twenty four houres after there Arriuall upon the forfieture of 
forty Shillings for the \'se of the Citty 

[6] Ordered that the Clarke of the ^Mayors Court make Enquiry 
Pr after and Recieue in the Eookes and Papers Relaeting to the 

Publique buissness and Records of this Citty to draw an Inuen- 
tory of them and to bee charged with them by Indenture Signed with 
the Mayor of this Citty and Duplicate Signed by the Clerq to Remaine 
in the hands of the Mayor &c 

P** And that the Treasurer of the Citty doe in like manner 
P^ That the Mayor Recieue for his fees Six shitt for Euery great 

Seale and three Shillings for a small Scale 

That no person or persons whatsoeuer within this Citty or or 
Libertyes doe keep Shop and Sell any goods or wares by Retaile or ex- 
ercise any Handecraft Trade or occupacon but Such as are ffreemen 
time being under penalty of fiue pounds for Each offence and all 
Persons hereafter to be made free Shall Shall pay as ffolloweth 

Euery Marchant Trader or Shopkeeper, the Summe 

altered to of Three pounds Twelue Shillings, besides fees and Euery 

ffiue pounds handecraft man one pounds foure Shillings besides fees 

or being made free as aforesaid for the Vse of this Citty 

That the Markes and Weightes of this Citty and Measures be 

P'' as formerly N / with the Addition of a Crowne 

Whereas great Inconvieniency doth arise by trusting of Saylors 
whereby they Neglect their attendance on board greatly to the hinder- 
ance of Trade, 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



247 



[7] Ordered that if any Publicq house or any other Person Shall 
trust any Saylor belonging to any Shipp or Vessell shall forfeit all 
that he shall so trust him with and shall haue no Benefitt of the Law. 
for the Recouery of the Same 

That no Person or Persons whatsoeuer within this Citty and 
Libertyes thereof doe harbour Entertaine or Countenance any Negro 
or Indian Slaue in their house or otherwise or Sell or deliuer to them 
any Wine Rumm or other Strong Liquors without leaue from their 
Master or Recieue or take from them any Money or other goods on 
any other account whatsoeuer but upon any offer desire or attempt 
made by any Such slaue so to doe they are forthwith to reueale the 
Same to the Master or owner of Such Slaues or to the Mayor of this 
Citty or Elder Alderman under the Penalty off fiue pounds one halfe 
for the Vse of the Citty the other halfe for the Informer 

That no Carraine Gutts Garbadge Oyster Shells ashes or any other 
kind of Durt or filth what soeuer that may giue annoyance be throwne 
into any of the Streets within this Citty unde[r] the Penalty of three 
Shillings one halfe to the Informer and other halfe for the Vse of the 
Citty. 

And all Persons within this Citty are on euery Satterday morning 
the Season of the yeare and weather permitting to cleare the Streets 
and Sweep the Durt before there houses into heapes and cause the 
Same to be Loaden and put into Carts or else to pay the Carman three 
pence for Loading &c Carrying the Same away under the Like Penalty 
Likewise that no Timber must Lye in the Streets for Sayle under the 
Same Penalty to be disposed in the said manner 
[8] The Orders for the due Obseruance of the Lords day 

Repealed formerly Entred in y^ old Comon Council booke fo 
(231) (232) be continued 
Voted that the ffees of all Officiers appointed by the 
P*" Charter be Comitted to Mf Recorder M^ Johannes Kipp M'' 
Brandt Skuyler M^ Ebenezar Willson and M*" Teunis de Key 

Ordered that there be Sworne Surveyors appointed for this Citty by 
whose aduice and direction the ground within this Citty shall be built 
and that none doe build before the ffront of that ground be receued and 
Layd out by them and as they Shall direct That a Regular Order and 
Vniformity may be kept and obserued in the Streets and Buildings And 
that none Pane before theire houses but in Such manner as appointed by 
the said Surveyors And that for Laying out of Each house Lott and 
glueing Certificate thereof the said Surveyors Shall haue and recieue 
from the Owners thereof the summe of Six Shillings 



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248 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Peter King and Adolph Pieters are appointed Surveyors of this 
Citty and Sworne accordingly 

' Ordered Assize of Bread be till further order as foil 

A white Loafe of the fineist fflower Sixteen ounces 
for three halfe pence 

A Wheaten Loafe the Coarsest brand onely taken 
out Eight pound ten Ounces for nine pence 
Repealed -{ And also the halfe and double Loafes proportion- 
able 

Wheate being att the rate of three Shillings p*" 
Bushell 

Ordered that no other bread for sale be made then 
^ what aboue Specified 

Ordered that the Treasurer purchase for the Vse of the Citty 
P^ Such other Weights & Measures as Shall be necessary to Compleate 

a Standard of Weights and Measures for the Citty And that all 
the aforesaid Weights & Measures be secured in the Citty hall under 
Lock & Key 

[9] Ordered that no Swine whatsoeuer be Suffered to goe or Range 
in any the Streets or Lanes within the fine Wards belonging to this 
Citty on the South Side of the fresh Water under the penalty of for- 
feiture of all Such Swine as Shall be found or taken goeing and Range- 
ing in any the Streets or Lanes aforesayd 

That all Swine that Shall be found or taken up by any Officier Shall 
be aprized by any Two Inhabitants and one halfe of the Valine to be 
paid to the Treasurer for the vse of this Citty and the other halfe to 
Such officier that shall finde and take up the Same 

That all the Inhabitants of this Citty that shall be warned by the 
Sherriffe to produce their fFreedoms to retaile or use any handecraft 
Trade within this Citty are hereby required to Satisfie the Said Sher- 
riffe in their ffreedoms or giue Satisfaction to the Mayor of the Citty 
within fourteen dayes time after such demand made by the Sherriffe 
upon forfeiture of Twenty Shillings for the Vse of the Citty. 

Ordered that Cap* Skuyler and Cap* Willson retaine three 
Pr Lawyers in behalfe of the Citty 

Ordered Capt William Merritt M*" Johannes Kipp Cap* 

Pr Teunis de Key and M*" Thomas Clarke are appointed a Comittee 

to Enquire what Lands of the Citty may be convienient to be Sould 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 249 

who are appointed to take to their Assistants the Surveyor of this Citty 
to Inspect what Incroachments are made upon the Citty Lands 

Ordered that no Butchers meate be killed within the 
Repealed Citty Gates upon forfeiture of Six Shillings to the Clarke of 
the Markett 

Ordered that the Citty Surveyors doe attend Cap* William 
Pf Merritt Alderman Johannes Kipp Cap^ Brandt Skuyler and Cap^ 
Theunnis de Key who are appointed a Comittee for the Laying 
out the Heere Graft Street to the Water Side 

[10] Ordered that the Lotts bilonging to the Citty from Burgers 
Pr path to the foot of the hill by Alderman Beekmans be Exposed to 

sale and Ordered that the former Comittee with the Recorder If 
in Towne to take to thier Assistance the Citty Surveyors and lay out the 
said Ground in Conveinient Lotts and make a Draft of the same w*^^ 
they are to giue into the Comon Councill and are hereby Impowered to 
take Such proper Methods for the sale of the said Lotts as they shall see 
conveinient giueing an account to the Comon Councill from time to 
time of their proceedings therein 

That Whereas Seuerall Hucksters pretending for to buy for perticu- 
lar families haue made the former Order of no Effect buying and carry- 
ing the same home to their owne Shopps Ordered that no Huckster 
Man or Woman that Vse any trade of Huckstering within this Citty 
Shall buy any Prouisions that comes to Markett under any pretence 
whatsoeuer till Such time as the said prouisions haue been two houres 
in the Markett upon the penalty or forfeiture of what they shall buy 
halfe to y^ Inform^ y« other halfe to y^ Citty 

That upon the Application of the Purchasers of the Lotts 
Pr bounded by the Dock Street Setting forth that they Could not with 
any Convieniency finish the Wharfe by the time prefixed in the 
former order a farther time is granted them till Middsumer day next 
by w^** time they are oblidged to finish and Compleate the Same upon 
Penaltey of Ten pounds for Each Lott for the Vse of the Citty 

The Question being put by the Mayor whether by the grant of 
P^ the Charter there could be more Justices of the peace Comis- 
sioned within this Citty then Seauen Viz' the Mayor Recorder 
and five Aldermen It was Carried in the Negatiue 

fii] The Charter was Read Stephen d'Lancy Comon Council 
pr man swome Barthol: Larow Constable Sworne English Smith 
Swome Marshall of this Citty 



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250 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Informacon being giuen to this Board that Seuerall Incroach- 
P"" ments are made upon the Citty Lands adjoyning to the Dock 

Ordered that Air Thomas Clarke and AI'" Peter King make 
Pr Inspection of the same and make returne thereof by Tuesday next 

Ordered that Alderman William Merritt and Alderman Brandt 
Pf Skuyler M^ Ebenezer Willson and M'" Thomas Clarke be an ap- 
pointed Comittee to Treat with M*" Morris about Letting y^ Ferry 
and Jarvais Marshall about Letting the Dock and to make their Returne 
on Tuesday next at the first Bell Ringing after the ajournment of the 
Mayors Court 

Court ajourned till to Morrow Morning Eight of the Clock 

Citty of ) ^^ Att a Comon Council! held att tlic Citty 

New Yorke J hall of Said Citty on Fryday the 16^'^ 

October A? 1691 

Present Ab : de Peyster Esq'' Mayor 

William Pinhome Recorder 

William Beekman 

William Merritt 

Johannes Kipp y Aldermen 

John Merritt 

Rob* Darkins 

Teunis de Key 

Ebenezar Willson , a • . . 
rrx r-^ A > Assistants 

Tho: Clarke 

Peter King 

[12] Ordered that William Merritt Johannes Kipp and M** 
Pf Stephen d' Lancy be appointed a Comittee to Inspect whether the 
former Order for the Compleating and finishing the Wharfc and 
filling up and Levying [leveling] all vacant holes and Spaces between 
the Citty hall and bridge be complyed with and make their Report next 
Tuesday 

Ordered that no Butcher on any the iMarkett dayes appointed with- 
in this Citty Shall Sell any meate under the quantity of a whole quarter 
of Beefe att a time in any place but the Markett house appointed Shall 
forfeit Six Shillings one halfe to be to the Clarke of the Markett the 
other halfe for the Vse of the Citty 

Court ajourned till Tuesday Morning Next 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 251 

Citty of ? 00 ^TT a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

Ncw-yorkej * hall of Said Citty on Tuesday the 20*^ 

October 1691 

Present Ab : D Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Piiihome Recorder 
William Beekman 
William Merritt , 
Brandt Skuyler ^ Aldermen 
F(A)\ Darkins 
Teunis de Kaey 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy ^ Assistants 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 

[13] Alderman Merritt &c hauing been formerly appointed a 
Pr Comittee to Inspect whether the former orders for the Compleating 

& finishing the Wharfe and filling up all vacant holes and Spaces 
between the Citty hall and Bridge be Complyed with Reportes for said 
Comittee that the Wharfe before the seuerall Lotts followin[g] are not 
Compleated Viz* 

Mr Cortlandt yi Lott 

M*" D Browne i Lott 

M«- ffred Phillips i Lott 

M' SteptT Cortland 2 Lotts 

The Cittys part not done 

M' Boyall i Lott 

M«- Blagg I Lott 

M«- D Browne i D*9 

Mr Tho: Roberts i D*? 

Mr Isaack d' Peister i D*? 

The Lott by the Weighhouse not done 

Whereby they haue Incurred the Penalty of the former Orders yett 
Notwithstanding they haue now a further time granted them till y« 20^ 
of Nouember for a Complying with the former Orders in Defect where- 
of the former penaltyes to take place accordingly and to be Leuyed 
on them 



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252 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that Alderman William Merritt Alderman Brandt 
Pf Skuyler with M^ Thomas Clarke and IM*" Ebenezar Willson be 
appointed a Comittee for finishing and Compleating the Wharfe 
from the Citty hall to the Bridge 

Alderman Merritt &c haueing formerly been appointed a Comit- 
P^ tee to treate with M"" Morris concerning the fferry and Jarvais 
Marshall about the Dock 

[14 J Alderman Skuyler reportes that John arsen 

The fferry to proposeth to take the fferry and offers to giue one 

be lett for hundred pounds yearly for Seauen yeares and 

seaven Yeares Jeruis Marshall appearing proffering Thirty five 

pounds p*" annum and M*" Thomas Clarke offering 

fforty pounds p^ annum and repaire the Same the opinion of the Board 

is that neither of the said offers Either for the fferry or Dock is to 

P*" the yearly Valine of the Same wherefore they appoint that they be 

Exposed to a Publyck Outcr}^ att the house of M^ William 

Merritt on the sixth day of Nouember next Ensueing and that Procla- 

macon be made of the Same One to Sett up att the Bridge one att the 

Citty hall and one att Brookland 

After the Wrighting of the aboue order M^ Jervais Marshall ap- 
P«" pearing and offering forty fiue pounds p*" annum for three yeares 
next Ensueing and keep the Dock in Sufficient repaire his Ten- 
ders is accordingly accepted he paying his rent each halfe yeare and 
that a Lease be drawne Accordingly 
Court ajourned till the afternoone 

Citty of )^,^^ Att a Comon Councill held att the 

New-yorke j Citty hall of said Citty on Tuesday the 20*^ 

October in the afternoone A? 1691 

Present Ab : D Peyster Esq*" Mayor 

William Pinhorne Recorder 

William Merritt ^ 
Brandt Skuyler V Aldermen 

Rob* Darkins J 

[15] Teunis de Kaey S 

Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d* Lancv^ I ^ . 
Thomas Clarke' j- Assistants 



Peter King 
Garret Douw 



J 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 253 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to the Coinitte[e] appointed 
Pf for finishing and Compleating the Wharfe from the Citty Hall to 
the Bridge Such money as the Said Comittce Shall be in disburse 
to accomplish the Same 

Ordered that the Sherriffe Imediately cause a Ducking Stoole 
Pr to be built upon the Wharfe before the Citty hall and goe to the 
Treasurer for his pay 

Ordered that Ebenezar Willson & Peter King do forthwith 

Pr build a Necessary house for the Vse of the Publicq upon the 

Wharfe before the Citt>' hall where they thinck most Conveinient 

and that the Treasurer pay to the Comittee what they disburse for the 

same 

This day was Published all fonner Orders that are Continued 
Since Gouern" Sloughters arriuall 



Citty of ) ^^ Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorkeC hall of said Citty on ffryday the sixth day 

of Nouemb*" AHfiT 1691 

Ab D Peyster Esq^ Mayor 
William Pinhome Recorder 
William Beeckman ^ 
William Alerritt 

Johannes Kipp v. Aldermen 

Brandt Skuyler 
Rot5^ Darkins 
[16] Teunis de Key "^ 

Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy I. Assistants 

Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 



J 



Pursuant to a former Order of Comon Councill this day the 

P'' fferrey was ffarmed out att a Publick Out Cry to John Arientsen 

for Seauen yeares Comencing the fine and Twenttl day of March 

next att the Rate of one hundred fforty and Seauen pounds p** annum 

to be paid Quarterly 



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.Aldermen 



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254 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Cittyof ) gg Att a Comon Councill held att the 

New-yorkej Citty hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 

25*** day of Nouember AiTiTo 1691 

Present Ab: D Peyster Esq'^ Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Beekman 
Johannes Kipp 
William Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
John Merritt 
Rob* Darkins 
Teunis d' Key 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 
Garrett Douw 

[17] Ordered that Grace Bangborne be allowed four Shillings 
Pr p*" weeke for the maintenan[c]e off Rebecka Horrell and that the 
Treasurer Comply with the Same accordingly 

Ordered that Anthony Farmer be forthwith paid his account 
Pr for the funerall of William Neuill one pound four and seauen 

pence half penny and that the Treasurer pay the same accord 
Pr The Bakers appearing declareing Wheate to be Dearer then 

formerly moue this Court for a new Assize on bread 

An Agreement made between the Citty and Mr Johannes 
Pf de Peister on behalfe of his Mother in Law M*? Elizabeth Banker 
Widdo of Albany that for the better Regulaeting the Street he is 
contented to part with nine and halfe foot in the Reare of said Lott for 
w*^^ the Citty is to allow him Twelue ffoote in the ffront att the East 
Side of the Lott The Lott aboue menconed is the Lott that Lyes on the 
other Side of the way opposite to the house that was formerly Long 
Marys and lyes to the Eastward of William Boyle dec4 The Citty on 
their part hath promised that no buildings for priuate vse Shall be 
joyned to the Eastward of Said Lott but that it is allwayes to remaine 
a Comer Lott 

Ordered that the Sherriffe take care that all the Chimneys in 
Pf the Citty hall as well in the prison as otherwayes be forthwith 
cleansed and repaired and that he Shall haue an Order unto the 
Treasurer to pay him for y* Same 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 255 

Ordered that Euery house in Towne that hath three fire places pro- 
uide two Leather Bucketts and Euery house of fewer fire places one 
Leather Buckett Euery Brewer Six and Euery Baker three to be 
ready in their houses [18] By New Yeares day said Bucketts to be 
found by the parties that Inhabit said houses and to be allowed them 
by the Landlord out of the rent and Euery man to Marke the Bucketts 
with the letters of his landlords name upon forfeiture of Six Shillings 
for the Vse of the Citty to be paid by the Tenant on default of not 
being prouided as aforesaid 

Vpon application of any poore people made to the Mayor that they 
are not able to prouide Bucketts as aforesaid 

The Mayor if he see Convienient may acquitt them of the former 
penalty 

Ordered that Dirrick vanden Burgh John Rose Suert Olphitz and 
Garrett Rose goe round the Towne and View each fire place and 
Chimney that they be Sufficient and Clean Swept and upon any notice 
giuen by them to any Inhabitant that his fire place or Chimney is 
Insufficient or foule and that they doe not cause them Imiediatly 
thereupon to be repaired and Cleansed they Shall forfiete for each 
defect on Notice so giuen for the first default three Shillings and after 
six Shillings to be Levyed by distresse for the Vse of the Citty 

Citty of ^ ^.^ Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorkel hall of said Citty on Thursday the 26^^ day 

of Nouember A? 1691 

Present Ab : de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
[19] William Beekman 

William Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
Rob* Darkins 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 



Aldermen 



>■ Assistants 



Ordered that no Butchers Meate shall be blowne within this Citty 
upon forfieture of all such meate to the poore and Six Shillings to the 
Clarke of the Markctt 



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256 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that Alderman Merrett AP Ebenczar Willson AP D' 
Pr Lancy and M^ Tho: Clarke be appointed a ConTittee to recieue 
the acc^t^ of the former Constables of the Two Taxes by them 
Collected 

( Ordered that Assize of Bread be till further order as followeth 
^Vizt 

r A White Loafe of the finest fflower 14 ounces for three halfe 
pence 

A Wheaten Loafe the Coarsest Branrf only taken out three 
^ pound Twelue ounces for four pence 5^? 

Ordered that Twenty ffoot further into the Dock att the End 
P'^ next the Bridge and Twenty fine foott at y^ End of y*^ wharfe be 
Exposed to Sale and that the Purchasers of the former Lotts Shall 
haue the refusall of the Same att the price and Conditions ffollowing- 
and upon their refuseing of the Same to be Exposed to the highest 
bidder the price Sett of Said Land before each mans Lott is one Shilling 
p^ foote & the purchaser to make a good and Substantial! Street att 
the front of their Lotts of Twenty fiue foot broad att tlie direction of 
y*^ Surveyor 

[20] But the owners of the Corner Lott to the East w^ard 
Pr adjoyning to the Dock are Exempt from the purchase there being 

no Land that can convieniently be joyned to the Said lott and that 
no buildings be built in the ffront tow^ards y^ Waterside from the 
Dock to y*^ State house but what Shall be two whole st[o]ryes high and 
the Gabrell end to be of brick or Stone upon the penalty of Such build- 
ings being pulled downe all persons who pretend to make purchase 

of the Said Lotts on the Conditions aforesaid are to repaire to the 
Pr Mayor and make knowne to him their acceptance of the offier 

wnthin fourteen dayes time & to giue Imediate Security for the 
payment of the money within one months time the foot aforemenconed 
is flatt measure or Superficiall foot 

And that All the ^Members of the Comon Councill then present 
pr be a Comittee for the Same or tlie !Major part prouidcd all tliat are 
present in Towne are Summoned and the said Comittee are Im- 
powred to act or doe any thing relaeting to the Sale or Conveyance of 
the Said Land as Effectually in all respects as if it were an act of the 
whole Comon Councill and are Likewise Impowrcd to ajust and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 257 

Settle all ace'® and to draw bills on the Treasurer for the payment of 
any of the Citty debts as they shall see cause 

Persuant to a former Order of Comon Councill for a Comit- 

P^ tee to take to their assistance the Citty Surveyors and Lay out the 

land from Burgers Path to the ffoot of the hill by M*" Beekmans 

in Conveinient Lotts and make A Draft of the same in Order to the 

Sale of the Said Lotts 

Ordered that a Warrant be Issued forth Imediately to the 
?«■ Citty Surveyors to attend the said Comittee for the Surveying the 
Same 

[21] Ordered that no person within this Citty shall Sell Rume 
Wine Syder Strong beare Mum ale or any other sort of Strong Liquors 
by Retaile without a Licence from the Mayor upon the penalty of fine 
pounds one halfe to be to the Informer the other halfe for the Vse of 
tlie Citty 

Ordered that tlie former Comittee appointed for the Laying 

Pr out of the Lotts betweene the slipp and the hill by M*" Beekmans 

be Likewise appointed a Comittee to View the Land adjoyning to 

M'' William Teller to treate with him concerning the Same and make 

their Reporte to the Comon Councill 

M^ Johannes de Peyster and John \'inccnt haueing made Ap- 
Pr plication to the Comon Councill on behalf e on behalfe of M*" Spratt 
for Satisfaction for a Lott of land lying att the End of the 
Heeregraft Street w*^^* for the convieniency of the Inhabitants of the 
Citty was taken into the Street and the Tender being made him by 
the Citty of a Lott of forty ffoot broad lyeing to the Eastward of 
Burgers path but by him refused unless the Citty would giue fififty foot 
in bredth w^^ was refused whereupon a new tender was made from 
d' Peister and Vincent that if the Citty would giue them flforty ffoot 
in bredth and an Assurance of ten foote more to be added to it they 
would pay for the said Ten ffoot in proportion as the next Lott was 
Sould and be Contented with the said ffifty ffoot on said Condicon in 
full Satisfaction for his former Lott of land w*^-* was taken from him 
in the Heeregraft Street But upon a Query made whether Said Land 
did belong to the Citty 

Ordered the Same to be referred to a further considera^n and 
Pr that Alderman William Merritt Johannes Kipp Brandt Skuyler 
and M** Thomas Clarke be appointed a Comittee to Enquire if there 
Vol. I. -17 



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258 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

were any perticular person had any former pattein for the Same and 
make a reporte thereof to the Common Councill 



[22] Cittyof ) Att a Comon Councill held att the 

New-yorkej Citty hall of Said Citty on Fryday the 4*^ 

December A? 1691 



Present Ab : d* Peyster Esq^ Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
Johannes Kipp 
Rob? Darkins 



Aldermen 



Ebenezar Willson "^ 



Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 



>. Assistants 



All former Orders made Since the foureteenth day of October 
Pf last are hereby continued and confirmed. 

Ordered that Mr Mayor Alderman William Merritt Johannes 
P^ Kipp m*" Ebenezar Willson and M*" Thomas Clarke are appointed 
a Comittie to Cause the Land before M*" van Brooken &c to be 
Surveyed and laid out into Convienient Streets and high wayes and to 
deuide the Same into convienient Lotts and make a reporte thereof to 
the Comon Council and the Mayor with all or the Major part of the 
Comon Councill the whole being Sumoned who are in Towne are ap- 
pointed a Comittee for the whole and Sole managing and disposeing of 
the Said Land or any part thereof and are Likwise Impowred to treate 
with any who Shall make any pretence to the Same and to purchase 
their Right to the Vse of the Citty as to them Shall Seeme convienient 

[23] Ordered that Alderman Johannes Kipp and Cap* Teunis 
Ft de Kay are appointed ouerseers of the poore of this Citty for three 

months next ffoUowing and are hereby Impowred to releaue Such 
persons as they Shall deeme Objects of Charity and to draw bills upon 
the Treasurer for Such moneys as they Shall disburse for Such Ends 
in t!ie managm* of w^^ they Shall act joyntly. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



259 



Citty of ) 
New Yorkei 



SS 



Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 
hall of Said Citty on Satterday the 5**^ 
Decemb' A? 1691 



Present Ab : d' Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Rot* Darkins 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 



■ Aldermen 



Assistants 



Pr 



Ordered that the Purchasers of the Lotts of land between the 
Bridge and the Dock who are obliedged to build the Street or high 
way att the directions of the Surveyors Shall build it in manner 
and forme following 

That they Shall build a good and Substantiall Stone Wall of 
pr three foot and one halfe Broad [24] Att the Bottome to batter 
one ffoote inwards on the Outside and to defend the Same from 
the rubbing of boates by driueing Spoiles or Stockadoes att Euery fine 
foot distance of Seauen Inches Diameter and bound togeather by a 
plate att Topp and the Same when finished to be allwayes maintained 
and kept in good repaire by the particular owners of y*^ Seuerall 
Lotts of Land w^** ffronts the Said Street or wharfe att their perticular 
charge who are neuerthelesse not to claime any propriety or Interest 
whateuer in the Said Street or wharfe but the Same is to remaine to 
the vse of the Citty 

The Seuerall owners of the Said Lotts are Likewise obliedged 
to Vse the Dock Mudd Twenty flfoot into the Dock before their 
owne houses for the filling up of their owne Lotts 

The Said Wharfe or Street to be Compleated and finished by 
this time Twelue Months and the Citty do grant to y® proprietors 
of Said Lotts that no buildings Shall be built before them 

Ordered that the Lotts lying betweene Burgers path and 
the Blockhouse be laid out into Thirteen Lotts the first Lott next 
to the Slipp to q* fifty foot in breadth and the other Twelue to q? 
each forty Two foot and that a Condition upon which the Said lotts 
are to be So Exposed to Sale Shall be that they Shall fill up y« flfront of 
the Said Land with one intire house v/^^ Shall be Two full Storyes 
high aboue the ground and the ffront to the Street to be Either brick 



Pr 



Pr 



Pr 



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26o MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

or Stone and that the same forme of buildings Shall Likewise be 
obserued in the Street next the Seaward and if any other Sort of build- 
ings are Erected fronting to either Street they Shall be pulled downe 

[25] Citty of ) Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorkej hall of said Citty on Tuesday the 8*** 

December A? 1691 

Present Ab : D Peyster Esq"*, Mayor 
William Pinhorn Recorder 
William Beekman ^ 
William Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
Johannes Kipp 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 
Gerritt Douw 



I 



Aldermen 



>" Assistants 



Vpon reading a Peticon from the Minister Elders Deacons 
Pf and CongregacUn of the Dutch reformed Church within this Citty 
desireing that a certaine vacant p^ of ground Scituate to the 
Northward of the dwelling house of Cornelius Pluvier might be granted 
unto them to build and Erect thereon a Church for the publick Wor- 
shipp of Almighty God 

Ordered that a grant be giuen according to their peticon for a 
P* p' of vacant Land in said place and that the whole Comon Councill 
be appointed a grand CoTTTittie or the Major part of them Pro- 
uiDED that the whole be Sumonzed that are in Towne for the Surveying 
and Laying out the Said land granting a Patent for the same being 
hereby fully Impowred to act and doe as fully to all Intents and pur- 
poses relaeting to the Said grant as the whole Comon Councill 

[26] Ordered that the Recorder haue Twelue Shillings for each 
P'' Patent of the Seuerall Lotts granted by the Citty one halfe to be 
paid by the Citty the other halfe by the Buyer 

Ordered that the Clarke receiue for draweing Ingrossing and 
P^ Recording each patent of the Seuerall Lotts Eighteen Shillings 

Ordered that the Surveyors recieue Six Shillings for each 
P^ Lott one halfe to be paid by the Citty the other halfe by the 
Buyer 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



261 



Cittyof ^gg 
New-yorkel 



A Comitee of the whole Comon Coun- 
cill met att the Mayors house on Thursday 
the 17^^ DecemlJ A^ 1691 



Present Ab : d' Peyster Mayor 
William Beeckman 
William Merritt 

Brandt Skuyler ^Aldermen 

Johannes Kipp 
RoW Darkins 
Teunis de Kay 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d* Lancy y Assistants 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 

In Persuance of an Order of Comon Counc. bearing date the Eight 
of December 1691 

[27] Wee being Ordered a Comittee for to Survey lay out and 
P^ Sell a certaine Tract of Land lyeing in Garden Street doe finde it to 
Containe on the North Side one hundred Seuenty fine ffoot Eng- 
lish Measure and on the South one hundred and Eighty ffoot English 
Measure more or Less w*^^ Said Land is Ordered for the Dutch Church 
they paying one hundred and Eighty Currant p® of Eight Six Shillings 
p' p* to be paid upon Sealing the Pattents the Citty Selling only their 
Right and Property 

The Said Propositions was accepted by Alderman Johannes 
P«" Kipp and Brandt Skuyler in behalfe of the Dutch Church 



Citty of [ gg 
New-YorkeC 

Present 



Aldermen 



Att a Grand Comittee of the CoHIon 
Councell held at the Citty hall of Said Citty 
on Tliursday the 2i'^ of January 1691-2 

Ab : de Peyster Esq'' Mayor 

William Merritt 

Brandt Skuyler 

Johannes Kipp 

Robert Darkins 

Teunis de Key 

Ebenezar Willson 

Stephen d* Lancy 

Tho: Clarke 

Peter King 

Gerrit Douw 



>■ Assistants 



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262 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[28 J Ordered tliat the Treasurer pay Mr Greyham the halfe of 
Pr Thirty two pounds Ten Shillings w^^ the Citty is Indebted unto 

him and that he pay him the other halfe so Soone as fire money 
comes in reseruing in hands what maybe Sufficient to Supply the Poore 



Pr 



Ordered that the Treasurer pay what moneys is disbursed 
for the poore. 



Vpon Sumonzing in the Inhabitants from the Widdow Lewis 
Pr house to the Water Gate to produce their Patents to Shew what 
claime they had to their ground before their doores unto Low 
Water Marke and Vpon perusall of their Patents It is found that M** 
Lawrence M^ Carsten Luesen and the Late Widdow of Abraham 
Lederson and Jacobus d' Hart had no right by their Patent to any 
Ground before their houses and Captain de Key on behalfe of his father 
in Law doth declare that he hath no pretence of any Ground before 
his house 

Daniell Veenvorss his Patent being produced Eight dayes time 
Pr is giuen him to make his defense according to his Request 

The rest of the Inhabitants there did not apeare 



Citty of ^^^^^ Att a Grand Comittee of the CoISIon 

New-yorke j Councill held att the Citty hall of Said Citty 

on Saterday the 23*^ January Aim 1691-2 

[29] Present Abraham De Peyster Esq^ Mayor 

William Beekman ^ 
William Merritt v Aldermen 
Robert Darkins J 

I 

Peter King J 



Ebenezar Willson 

Tho: Clarke ^Assistants 



A Bond taken for one yeare [in] complyance for the Coue- 
pf nants in the Indentures about ffarming the flferry and the Inden- 
tures Signed Sealed and deliuered into the Mayors hands till the 
meeting of a full CoTfTon Councill for their approba^n therein 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 263 

Citty of ) Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorkej Hall of Said Citty on Thursday the 4^^ of 

ffeb: ArHT 1691-2 



Present Ab: D' Peyster Esq^ Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
Johannes Kipp 
Robert Darkins 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 



> Aldermen 



> Assistants 



[30] The Buisness of the fferry being taken unto considU 

Ordered that John Arions Security for two yeares together 
Pf with his Bond for finding Sufficient Securityes att the Expira^n 
of said two yeares for the other fiue yeares being the remainieing 
time of his Lease be admitted as Sufficient Security for the performance 
of his Couenants with the Citty the which being performed Mr Mayor 
to deliuer him the lease accordingly 

And the CoTTTon Councill doe allow and approue of Derrick 
P'^ Amerman and John Alberson as Sufficient Security for the first 
yeare And doe thereby authorize and Impower the Mayor to be 
Judge of proper Security for the following yeare and accordingly to 
receiue Said Securityes when they Shall be brought or tendered by 
John Artson to enter with him into Bond for the end afores*^ 

GiUEN Mr Jemmisson for Seueral Seruicies done for the Citty 
P^ Two pounds Ten Shillings and that the Treasurer pay him the 
same accordingly 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay Cap! Clapp Twenty Shillings 
Pf for Seruice done the Citty as Clarke of the Assembly 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to the Secretary for the 
Pf Coppyes of Seuerall the Acts of Assembly and Seuerall other 
seruicies done the Citty the Summ of Nine Pounds Tenn 
Shillings 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay the Clarke of the Citty one 
Pr pound flFoure Shillings for drawing the Lease of the flFerry 



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264 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[31] Ordered that the Treasurer Pay English Smith one pound 
P^ thirteen ShilHngs for three Cord of Wood which he bought for 

the vse of the Citty this day 

This day appeared John Arison with his Security for the other 
Pf yeare which were accordingly taken being one Peter Coursen and 

James Hubbard and the Lease of the fferrey deliuered him by this 
board accordingly 

Ordered that Alderman Merrit and Captain de Key view the 
P'' land w*^t Arian Cornelison peticZTns about lyeing nigh the Borce 

containing about fine or Six Acres and retume an account thereof 
Next Comon Councill 



Citty of Jgg 
New-Yorke( 



Att a CoHTon Councill held att the Citty 



Hall of Said Citty on 
Februa[ry] AiTn*i69i-2 



Fryday the 5 



th 



Present Abraham de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorn Recorder 
William Merritt 



Brandt Skuyler 
Robert Darkins 
John Merritt 
Tennis de Key 
Ebenezar Will son 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 



-Aldermen 



>- Assistants 



Pr 



P^ 



[32] Vpon perusall of Daniell Yen \'os his Patent the Comon 
Councill are of opinion that all the land without the Wall belongs 
to the Citty 

The whole Comon Councill Regulated and Established the 
ifees of the Mayors Court as ffolloweth 



[33] (Blank page.) 

[34] Ordered that after Proclamacon that any handicraftsmen Trads- 
men or others within this Citty (who haue not taken out flfree- 
doms) to come and take out the same and yett Shall neglect so doemg 
and be presented by the Sherriffe or Marshall for euery Such ffreeman 
30C presented the the Sherriffe or Marshall who Shall present them 
Shall haue a ffce allowed him of Six Shillings. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 265 

Cittyof ) ^^ Att a Comon Councill held att the 

New-yorkej Citty hall of Said Citty on Thursday the 

18*^ of Feburay A? 1691-2 

Present Abraham de Peyster Esqr Mayo*' 
William Pinhorn Recorder 
William Beeckman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
John Merritt 
Robert Darkins 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 

[35] CoIT. Bayard makeing Application to M^ Mayo*" as sent from 
Pf the Gouerno'^ and Coimcell as he Said about repaireing the fforti- 
fications round the Citty w^V was accordingly by M*" Mayor 
proposed to this board Their opinion was that it no wayes belonged to 
the Citty and that they were altogether incapable of defraying y* 
charges thereof But they were ready to giue their Labour as heretofore 
hath bin VSuall therein 

And being further proposed for the Contributing Twenty or 
P^ Thirty pounds towards the repaireing Said fortifications was by 
the Majority of votes rejected 

Ordered that Alderman Brandt Skuyler and M*" Thomas 
P*" Clarke be appointed a Comitee for the Letting out the old Markett 

house next the bridge what is to be Ictt 
The New Markett house thereof as also the New-Markett house 
aty^Endof BroadStreett ouer against Anthony Farmers which Said 
is allowed for Shambles New Markett house is allowed to be made 

Shambles or any otherwize 
Ordered that Alderman Johannes Kipp and Cap^ Theunis de 
P'' Key be continued ouerseers for the poore the other three months 
according to the former Order 

Ordered that Alderman Robert Darkins take care that the Con- 
Pf stable of the West Ward doe Summons the Inhabitants of Said 
Ward for the chuseing a new Assessor in the place of Samuell 
Aikett deceased 



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266 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to Mr Smith Thirty Six 
R Shillings to buy Wood for the Watch 

Ordered that Each Captain within the Citty disburst money 
Pr for Candles upon his Watch and bring in his acco^* quarterly for 
which he Shall haue an Order upon the Treasurer 

[36] Citty of ^ Att a Comon Councill held att the 

New-yorke^ Citty Hall of said Citty on Friday Febru- 

ary the 19*^ A? 1691-2 

Abraham de Peyster Esq' IMayor 

William Pinhorn Recorder 

Brandt Skuyler ^ 

John Merritt ^Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Teunis de Key 

Ebenezar Willson 

Stephen d' Lancy y Assistants 

Thomas Clarke 

Peter King 

Allowed that Mr Mayor haue the vse of that little 
Repealed. Spott of land being part of the yard behind the Citty hall 
the tendering Twenty Shillings for the Same and that he 
ffence the Same in which he is to haue for the Space of one yeare 
Ordered that all former Lawes and Orders are continued 

In Persuance to a former Order of Comon Councill bearing 

P' date the 17^^ December 1691 for the Sale of a certain Lott or 

Toft of ground in Garden Street for Erecting of a Church for the 

Seruice of Almighty God This day a Deed for the same was Signed 

by the Mayor to M*" Samuel Bayard and his bond taken for one hundred 

pounds that the Said Samuel Bayard and his heires Shall only Employ 

the Said Lott or Toft of ground towards the building of [37] A Church 

or houses for pious and Charitable Vses as aforesaid and not 

P'' Assigne the Same to any other person or persons whatsoeuer but 

on the Tennour that the Same Shall be Employed by them towards 

the building of a Church or houses for pious and Charitable Vses 

Complaint of Seuerall Bucketts that was Lost at the late fire 
Pr in the ffly 

Ordered that the Cryer giue notice round the Citty that any 

P*" person that hath taken up any Bucket more then their owne that 

they jmediatly bring to the Mayor in Order to restoring them to 



I 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



267 



the right owners and that in whose hands soeuer any of the Said 
Bucketts Shall be hereafter found they Shall be prosecuted for their 
Detainer 

Att a grand Comittee of the CoITTon 
Councill held Fryday the 4*** of Feburary 
Att the Citty Hall of Said Citty Aim 
1691-2 
[Present] Abraham de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
Brandt Skuyler ^ 



Citty of ) 
New-YorkeC 



Tolin Merrit 






-Aldermen 



Ivubert Darkins 
Tennis de Key 
Ebenezar Willson 
Stephen d' Lancy l^ Assistants 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 

[38] Ordered that there be a Pillory Cage Ducking Stool forth- 

P^ with built and that Alderman William Merritt and Cap^ Thomas 

Clarke be joyned in a Comittee with the Sherriffe for finishing 

the Same and that they be Impowred to draw upon the Treasurer for 

the Charges disbursed thereon 

Ordered that Mr Mayor Alderman Johannes Kipp and Robert 

P^ Darkins Mf Stephen d' Lancy and M'^ Peter King be appointed a 

Comitte for to View y* ffortifications and See what the Charges 

of repairing the Same may amount to along with Cott Bayard and 

other Military officiers chosen by the Colt for the Same 

Att a Councell held att ffort William 
Henry the 29*^ of february i69i[-2j 

The Commander-in Chief did recomend tmto the Mayor and 
Bbsf Aldermen and Comon Councell to Survey the ffortifications and 
to Calculate what may be the Charge of the Materialls for Re- 
pairing and to make Report thereof unto the board 

Ordered that Cott Bayard doe appoint Some of the Melitia 
Bbs^ Captains to be Assistant to them 

^» ord' Dauid Jamyson Jr Ct Coun 

Cap* Schuyler Capt D' Kay Capt Wilson Capt Merrett 
Bbs^ Capt: Wenham & Capt Clarke are hereby appointed to attend 
the abouewritten Survey N : Yorke the 14*^ March 1691-2 

N: Bayard 



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268 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[39] In Persuance to an Order from y« CoTTTand'" & Councill 
Ob : Wee underwritten being appointed as a Comittee to Survey the 
flFortifications round this Citty and calculate what the Charges 
of the Meterialls for Repairing of the Same may amount to haueing 
had the Assistance of some of the Militia Captains thereon do Estimate 
that the charges of the Said Materialls may amount to the Sume of 
Two hundred pounds besides great Guns powder and Ball New-yorke 
March 14**^ 1691 [-2] Ab^ D Peyster 

Johannes Kipp 
Rob: Darkins 
Stephen D Lancy 
Peter King 

Citty of ) ^^^ Att a Conlon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorkej Hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 30'^ 

March. 1692 

Present Abraham de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhome Esq*" Recorder 
William Merritt 
Johan Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Peter King 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezar Willson 
Thomas Clarke 

[40] The Mayor Recorder Aldermen and Assistants did nominate 
Pf Colt Stephanus Cortlandt and Colt Nicholas Bayard on behalfe of 

the Citty And William Morris late keeper of the fferry did Nomi- 
nate James Graham Esq*" and William Nicolls Esq^ on his behalfe to 
View and appraise the house and barn belonging to the fferry and both 
partyes consent that in case the Said four Gentlmen cannot ag^ee in 
their appraisment they Shall haue Liberty and power of themselues 
to make choice of and nominate an Vmpire at there Discrecon who Shall 
haue power to Determine the value of the Said house and barn in 
difference 

The Recorder hauing Read an Addresse of the Mayor Alder- 
P'" men and CoIHon Councill on behalfe of this Prouince unto their 

Sacred Majesties and proposed to haue the Same Signed The 
Mayor Objected against the Same on Considera^n that it is Said there- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 269 

in that Leisler hath not payd tlie Soldiers he had taken upon him to 
raise The Recorder and the rest of the Aldermen and Cornon Councill 
were willing to Signe at present it is layd aside 

Citty of ) Att a CoHTon Councill held att the Citt}' 

New-yorkej hall of Said Citty the 2? of Aprill on 

Saterday N? 1692 

Present Abraham de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
[41] William Merritt 

John Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
RoW Darkins 
Teunis de Key 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Ebenezar Willson 
Thomas Clarke 
Peter King 

The Recorder hauing presented unto this board a Copy of an 
P^ Order of the Commander in chiefe and Councill of the 31*'* of 
March past wherein the Reuenue of the Weighhouse for one yeare 
to Commence from the 25*^ of the Said month assigned ouer unto the 
Mayor Aldermen and Comonalty of the Citty for the Materialls and 
repara^n of the fortifications thereof \\^^ being much for the benefitt 
and aduantage of the Inhabitants this board doe thanckfully recieue 
the Same and for as much as the safty & preseruacon of the Inhabi- 
tants and of their Estates is so neerly concerned therein haue resolued 
to enforce the former fees of the Weighhous for the yeare and terme 
aforesaid 

And haue Ordered that the Recorder and TJio: Clarke do 

P^ forth with waite upon the Commander in Chiefe and returne him 

thanks on behalfe of the Citty and also desire his honour to Signe 

a Warrant to the Cott^ for an Assignment of the Said reuenue, persuant 

to the Said Order of Councill 

Persuant to the Order of this board this day the Recorder and 
P*" M*" Clarke returned that they had waited on the Commander in 
Chiefe who readily gaue a Warrant to the Colt for an assignment 
accordingly that he waited upon the Collector therewith and that the 
Collector did p^'pose that a lease to Some third person was the best way 
of assignment w^'* was agreed unto by this board 



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2 70 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[42] And Capt Skuyler and Cap* de Key desired to waite on Colt 
Ff Bayard to request him to be nominated in the lease and that he be 
pleased to recieue the proffitts of the Weighhouse and dispose of 
them to the vse aforesaid 

Whereas flFredrick Phillips &c that are the Purchasers of land 

F^ fronting upon the Dock haue moued it as a hardship to be 

Obleiged in their Patents as well to maintaine the Dock in re- 

payre as to build the Same according to the Said Clause of the Patents 

Resolued that there be proveison made that they be released 

P^ from the keeping the same in Repaire after it is well finished and 

compleated according to the tenure of that Clause 

Ordered that the whole Comon Councill be a grand Comitte 
Pf for the managment and disposing of the Weighhouse and So many 
as Shall meet making a quorum the whole being Summoned Shall 
haue the power of a full Comon Councill in Order to the Same 

Cap! Skuyler and Cap! de Key returne that Cott Bayard is not 
Pr willing to take upon him the managment and disposing of the 
Weighhouse money for the ffortifications but is verry willing to 
giue any Assistance towards the Same 

Citty of ) Att a Comon Council held att the Citty 

New-yorkef hall of Said Citty Munday the fourth of 

Apr ill Anno Dom 1692 

Present Ab : d' Peyster Esq*" Mayor 

William Pinhorn Recorder 
[43] Johannes Kipp 

William Merritt 

Brandt Skuyler 

John Merrit 

Robert Darkins 

Ebenezar Willson 

Stephen d' Lancy 

Thomas Clarke 

Peter King 

Augustus Grassett Late Weighmaster hath agreed to and with 
P'' the Citty that in Consideracon the Citty doe Enforce the former 
Rates of the Weighhouse for the yeare Ensueing from the fine and 
twentieth of March last past he will pay the rent of Two hundred and 
fforty pounds Curr* money of this prouince for the Same whereof he will 
forthwith aduance Sixty pounds and fourty pounds more one month 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



27£ 



after and the rest and remainder thereof at four quarterly pay- 
ments one Equall fourth part thereof at the end of each three 
months which the Citty haue accordingly agreed unto and Ordered 
that the former rates used to be paid at the Weighhouse be in force 
in this Citty for the Said terme it being assigned towards the benefite 
and Safety of the Citty in repairing of their fortifications 

Whereupon the Mayor Aldermen and Comonalty did Publish 
P^ an order to enforce the former rates rules and Orders of the 

Weighhouse for the terme aboue Said and another Order appoint- 
ing the Inhabitants of the Citty not Listed in the Train bands to work 

Vpon the ffortifications according to appointment upon penalty of 
P*^ three Shillings for each default the Masters of Seruants and 

Negroes and the Parents of Children to be lyable for the penalty 

[44] . By the Mayor Aldermen and 

Comonalty of the Citty of New-yorke 

Whereas the Reuenue of the Weighhouse from the fiue and Twen- 
tieth of March last past for the yeare Ensueing is Assigned ouer for 
the benefitt and Security of the Inhabitants of this Citty in repayring 
of the fortifica^ns thereof to finde materialls or reparaCC>n Wee haue 
thought fitt and doe hereby enforce the payment of the former rates of 
the Weighhouse and all the form.er rules and orders thereof to be 
obserued and performed by all persons within this Citty for the terme 
aforesaid 

Dated att the Citty hall this fourth of Aprill 1692 

By the Mayor Aldermen and 
Comonalty of the Citty of New-yorke 

Where-as the ffortificaU?yns of this Citty are very much gone to ruinc 
and the danger wee ly in from the Enemy requires their Speedy re- 
pararon and the rebuilding thereof being of that apparent benefitt and 
Security to the Inhabitants of this Citty Ordered that each respectiue 
Inhabitant from fifteen yeare and upwards not listed in the trane 
bands as also each Seruant and negroe upon notice from the Cap! of 
each respectiue Ward doe appeare att the time and place appointed by 
the Military officiers and afford their labour with Shoveles pick ax 
Wheel barrow and other needfull Instruments towards the repairing 
and mending [45] Of the ffortifications of this Citty or finde another 
man in his Room to be approued of by the Captain on the penalty of 



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272 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

three Shillings for each days default to be Lenyed by distresse and Sale 
of the Defaulters goods and Chattells by Warrant from the Alderman 
of each Ward to be applied towards the repairs of the said ffortifi- 
caC^ns and the Master of each Seruant or slaue and parent of each child 
that shall make default shall be lyable to such distresse Dated the 
fourth of Aprill 1692 

Vpon Reading the peticon of Geerit Cosyn for [ — Entry incom- 
plete.] 

Ordered that Alderman Kip Alderman Darkins and Peter King 
P*" be a Comittee to view the Said peece of ground the Peticoner 
intendeth to build upon and the Nature of the intended building 
and to make returne thereof unto this board next meeting 

Capt Skuyler and Cap* Wilson being desired to waite on Colt 

Pr Bayard to pray him to accept of the management of the Weigh- 

money & materialls for the repairing the ffortificacons of the 

Citty Returned that Cott Bayard was pleased to accept of the same 

accordingly 

Citty of ) <;,^ Att a grand Comittee of the CorfTon 

New-YorkeV Councill held Thursday the 25*** of Aprill 

Ann 1692 

P'Sent Abraham D Peyster Esq^ Mayor 

William Beeckman "^ 

William Merritt L Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

[46] Ebenezar Willson f\ 

Stephen d' Lancy L Assistants 

Peter King J 

Ordered that the Attorneys formerly feed upon acco" of the 
Pr fflower on behalfe of the Citty be againe payed their ffees as here- 
tofore being fiue pses of Eight a p^ and Tenn pses of Eight to M"" 
Greyham and that the Treasurer pay the Same accordingly 

One of the Patents concerning the Lotts of ground fronting 
R neare the Dock being read Since the Alteration of the clause about 
keeping the Wall in repaire by the Citty after Erected is approued 
of and all the Patents this day accordingly Signed by the Mayor 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to Susan Churchill one pounds 
Pt Seauen Shillings for the maintenance of M"* ffrenches Indian man 
in prison 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



273 



Aldermen 



>. Assistants 



Citty of ^ «^ Att a Comon Councill held Fryday the 

New-yorke j 6^^ of May at the Citty Hall of Said Citty 

Ami DoUT 1692 

Present Abraham de Peyster Esq^ Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Beekman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
John Merritt 
Robert Darkins 
Ebenezar Willson 
Tennis de Key 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 

[47] Ordered that all the Land in Front of the fly from the 
P'' Blockhouse unto the hill next M'" Beeckmans be exposed to Sale 

Voted that from the Blockhouse to the Green Lane be vallued 
P^ at fine and Twenty shillings p*" foot And from the Green lane to 
M^? van ClyfFs be vallued at Eighteen Shillings p^ ffoot 

And from Ui.^ van Clyffs to M' Batemans be vallued at ffifteen 
Pr Shillings p' foot 

Ordered that Alderman William Merritt Cap? Thomas Clarke 
P^ and Capt Ebenezar Willson be appointed a Comittee to goe to the 
Seuerall Inhabitants of the ffly to take an Account of the breadth 
of their Lotts and to know if they will accept of the purchase of the 
Land in their ffront at the aboue rates and to make a reporte thereof 
by two of the Clock this afternoone 

A Peticon from M'' John Smith being read desireing reliefe 
Pf from the hardshipp of tlie Sale of a Lott of ground before his 
house had this retume from the Court 

M^ Nicolls denyes that he euer gauc Such Verbal answer to 
P'" your former Peti^n It appearieng alwayes to this Court that you 
had Equall priuilidge in the purchase of the Lott of ground before 
your house with the rest of the Inhabitants and that you made not a 
purchase of the Same was Solely your owne act you makeing a positiue 
denyall thereof Soe that they cannot see they can be any wayes 
concerned therein 

That the Gentlemen appointed a Comittee to Enquire about the 
P^ Lotts from the Blockhouse to Mr Beekmans and make a proffer of 
Purchase to the Inhabitants reporte that the said Lotts as they are 
Vol. L- 18 



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2 74 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

are unequally laid out in uncertaine breadths that none of the Inhabi- 
tants Imbrace the purchase at the price appointed but seeme willing to 
buy If the same be laid out in Indifferent Lotts 

[48] Ordered that AP Mayor Alderman W^ Merritt William 
Pf Beekman Robt Darkins Cap* Tho Clarke M*" Stephen d'Lancy and 

Cap* Ebenczar Willson are appointed a Comittee to Sell the 
Seuerall Lotts of Land betwixt the Blockhouse and M"^ Beekmans 
fronting to the Waterside and are Impowered to take all Such Methods 
for the Sale of the Same Either by Publick Outcry or Otherwise as to 
them or the Major part of them — the whole haueing notice of their 
Meeting left at their houses — Shall seeme flitting and that the former 
Streets of King Street Greene Lane and M*" van Clyffs be left open to 
the Low water mark 

Ordered that the Surveyors of the Citty attend the directions 
Pf of the Coniittee for the Laying out of the Lotts att the Smiths 

ffly 

Vpon Application made by Jeruis Marshall about the repayer- 
Pf ing the Dock being broke downe and much out of repaire by last 

Extremity of Weather as hee alleadgeth and himselfe uncapable of 
repayreing the Same The Common Councill incline to allow him Some 
part of the charge according as they Shall See his disbursments when 
he hath put the Same into good repayre 

Againe Jervais Marshall appearing before the Common Coun- 
P^ cill upon consideration of the damage done by the Extremity of 

weather and violence of the Storme the Comon Councill haue 
agreed to repaire the one Side of the Said Wharfe att the Cittys charge 
and Jervais Marshall is to repaire and compleate the other Side in the 
same forme and as Substantially in all points as the Citty Shall repayre 
and finish their side the Citty takes the East Side and Jervais Marshall 
the West 

[49] Ordered that Alderman Robert Darkins Johannes Kipp Cap* 
Pf Thomas Clarke and Peter King are appointed a Committee to re- 
payre the East Side of the Dock and Ordered that the Treasurer 
pay the Said CoMttee what they draw on him towards their disburs- 
ments thereon And are Likewise to repayre the breach in the halfe 
Moone p*" y« Cage 

Ordered that there be a Letter wrote to Colt Dongan to ac- 
P^ quaint him that the Citty are Informed that he makes some 

pretentions to the Lott by the bridg[e] which by their Charter they 
apprehend wholly to belong to the Citty But in respect to himselfe 
being absent were willing to respite the Sale thereof for two months 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



275 



time That so if he hath any right to the same he may in said time 
make it appeare 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay M*" Morris one hundred pounds 
P^" in part of the moneys due to him for the houses on the other Side 
appraizd by James Grayham Stephanus van Courtlandt Nicho- 
las Bayard and William Nicholls Esq'? which houses were appraized 
for Two hundred Ninety Seauen pounds Tenn Shillings 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay unto English Smith one pounds 
P^ Sixteen Shillings in Order to Satisfie Colt Cortlandt for Wood 
had of him for Bonfire 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay English Smith his Acco** for 
Pf Six months Sallary being the Sume of three pounds ffifteen 
Shillings 

Ordered that all former Orders of Comon Councill to this 
Ex. day be renewed 

Ordered that Alderman Skuyler Johannes Kipp Mr Stephen 

P*" d' Lancy and Capt Thomas Clarke be appointed a Comittee to 

State and Audite the acco**® of the Citty and to make their reporte 

by the first Tuesday in June or the Ensueing Comon Councill ffollowing 

Said Time 



[50] Citty of ^ ^^^> Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorkej hall of Said Citty on Munday June 13*** 

1692 

P^'Sent Abr? de Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
William Pinhorne Esq*" Record*" 
William Beekman 
William Merritt 
Brandt Skuyler 
Johannes Kipp 
Ebenezar Willson ^ Assistants 



Aldermen 



Stephen d' Lancy v 
Thomas Clarke J 

The Houses and Barne at the flferry are lett together with the 
Pf little house on this Side to John Arientsen the whole time that he 
Shall hold the flferry and pay his Rent according to his Lease at 
the rate of nine pounds pT annum he to keep them in good And Suffi- 
cient repaire his Condition for the House commencing the 25*'* of this 
Instant June 



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276 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay Joseph Nicolls or his Order 
P^ the sume of ffifteen pounds Curr* money in part of his Sallery or 
Account due from the Citty 

Ordered that the Treasurer deliuer to Mr Phillips Colt Cort- 
P^ landt and M'" Jacob Cortlandt their patents their Seuerall acc".» 
being first allowed by the Citty Auditors 

[51] Citty of ^ g^ Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorke j hall of said Citty on Munday the 8^^ day of 

August Ann DoiTT 1692 

Present Ab : De Peyster Esq^ Mayor 

William Pinhom Recorder 

William Beeckman ^ 

William Merritt L Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Ebenezar Will son 

Thomas Clarke 1 a • . . 

Ti ^ T^. y Assistants 

Peter King 

Gerrit Douw 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay Collonell Bayard the Sume of one 
pounds Eight Shilling being in full of two Acco^! this day brought in 
one bearing date the 29*^ July last past the other dated pr° August last 
Signed by the Said Colt Bayard 

That Whereas the Citty hath lett to ffarme the fferry to John 
Arsen for Seuerall yeares to come and the Said Arsen hath applyed 
himselfe to the Mayor and CoiTTonalty of this Citty complaining of 
Derrick Janzen Cornelius Seabrook and others that they make a dayly 
practice of bringing ouer passengers and Corn from Long Island to 
this Citty greatly to the prejudice of the Said ffarmer 

Ordered that no person besides the fferryman shall bring any pas- 
sengers or Corne or any other produce of the Island from any place 
between the red hooke and the Wall about but shall forfeit for euery 
Such offence the Sume of twenty Shillings one halfe to the Vse of the 
fferry man and the other to such officier of this Citty or others that 
shall Informe of the breach of this order. 

[52] Ordered that the Orders of the Old Comon Councill booke fo: 
(231) (232) relateing to the obseruacon of the Lords day be continud 
and further Ordered that if any Negroe or other Slaue be found play- 
ing or makeing any hooting or disorderly noise in the Street on the 
Lords day or be found in any publick houses he shall recieue twenty 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 277 

lashes at the publick whipping post unlesse the Master or owner of 
Such Slaue will pay six Shillings to Excuse the Same the one halfe to 
the Citty the other halfe to Such officier as Shall Informe of the breach 
of this order as Sherriffe Constables or Marshall and the Master or 
Owner of Said Negroe to be at no Charge for the Imprisoning or 
whipping of any Slaue for the breach of this order But the Treasurer 
of the Citty to pay to the Bell ringer and Whipper to each eighteen 
pence for euery Slaue so Whipt 

And whereas the frequent randivouzing of Negro Slaues att the 
houses of the free negroes without the gates hath bin occasion of 
g^eat disord*" 

Ordered that if any of their ff ree Negroes doe Entertaine or Shelter 
in their houses any Slaue either Male or female shall forfeit for each 
Slaue So Entertained by them the valine of Six Shillings halfe to the 
vse of the Citty the other halfe to the Informer 

Citty of ^ <^^ Att a CoHTon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorkej hall of Said Citty on Tuesday the 9^ day 

of August Anno DoTSI 1692 

Present Abraham d' Peyster Mayor 

William Pinhorn Recorder 
[53] William Merritt "^ 

Johannes Kipp U Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Ebenezar Willson "^ 

Teunis de Key 

Stephen d' Lancy ^Assistants 

Thomas Clarke 

Gerritt Douw 

Mr Spratt haueing tended the CoiTIon Councill about his lott of 
Land lying at the End of the Broad Street which was obstructed to be 
built the Citty offered him Eighty pounds for the Same of which 
oflFer he hath taken time to Consider 

Vpon complaint made that the Carmen digg sand and Earth out 
of the highwayes of this Citty whereby the highwayes are digged into 
holes and the ffortifications undermined 

Ordered that no Carman from time to come do digg any earth or 
Sand without this Citty within twenty ffoot of the ffortifications nor to 
digg any holes in the Streets whereby the Streets may become Irregu- 
lar upon fforfeiture of three Shillings for each Loade so di^^fged 



J 



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27S MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

M^ Mayor with the others appointed a Comittee for the Sale of 
Seuerall Lotts from the Blockhouse unto Mr Beekmans doe make 
returne they haue Sold the Said Lotts on the Condicons fott: 

CoNDicoNS whereupon 25 Lotts of ground along the Smiths fflye 
from the Blockhouse to Alderman Beekmans are to be Exposed to Sale 
by a pub[l]ick Outcry to the highest Bidder this 27^^ day of May Anno 
Domini 1692 

That the Purchazer payes one halfe of the purchase thereof att or 
before the [54] Twentieth day of June next Ensueing and the other 
halfe at or before the first day of September then ffollowing which 
pay shall bee in the Curr* money of New-yorke 

That the Purchaser be likewise obliedged to build a Wharfe or 
Street the Outer part whereof to be lay'd to low-water marke of thirty 
ffoot broade to be lay'd in a frame with Stockadoes as the Surveyors 
Shall direct which Said Wharfe the Purchaser shall be obliedged to 
ffinish by the first of Xoueniber which shall be in the yeare of our 
Lord one thousand Six hundred ninety and three and for euery pur- 
chaser that shall not so finish his Wharfe within said time shall 
fforfiet the Surne of ffiue pounds Curr^ money and one pound for each 
month ensueing Said time it Shall lye so unfinisht which fforfeitures 
Shall be deuided amongst Such persons as Shall Sustaine any damage 
in their Wharfes for want of Compleating Said Wharfes as afores? 
and the ouerplus of Said fforefitiures are to redound to the Vse of the 
Citty the Said damages so Sustained Shall be adjudged by the Sur- 
veyors or Such men the Mayor Shall indiflferently depute And when 
the Said wharfe Shall be so finisht the said wharfe or Street to remaine 
a flFree passage as all other streets in the Citty are, And that each pur- 
chazer Shall be obliedged to keep his perticular Wharfe in good and 
Sufficient repayre and in Consideracon thereof to reape the benifitt of 
his Wharfe. 

[55] That in Case any Lott Shall fall out to be Narrower then the 
Draft hereunto annexed Setts forth that then the Purchazer of Said 
lott shall be allowed and if more he shall pay proportionably there 
being no other alteracUHs to bee made in the Lotts except for proffitt 
of the purchazers 

That the Purchaser shall be obliedged forth with to find Sufficient 
Securityes for Such his purchase according to the Condicons afore 
recited and for want of Such Securitye his said lott or lotts or Such 
his purchase to be Exposed to a New Sale and If sould for more he 
Shall reape no benefitt there by if lesse shall be lyable to make the 
same good 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 279 

Major Merritt 2 lotts. .£ 6i Security Cap* Clarke 

Mr Mayor 5 lotts. .£153 : 10 Secu Majf Merritt 

Mr Geo: Heathcott. .1 Lott. .£ 38 : 10 Secur Mr Mayor 

Cap* Clarke 5 lotts. .£1 35 : — Secur Maj^ Merritt 

Dirrick vanden Burgh 3 lotts.. £ 59 : 5 Secu Johanes Kipp 

Cap! Nich: d' Morrice i Lott. .£ 26 : 10 Secu Coll: Cortlandt 

Mr Morrice i Lott. .£ 23 : 10 Secu Cap* Clarke 

Cap* Skuyler 2 lotts. .£ 44 : — SecIT Joharm Kipp 

Cott Cortlandt 3 lotts. .£ 53 : — Secu Cap* Skuyler 

594 :S :o 
The abouesaid lotts was accordingly dis- 
posed of at Publick ven deu the day afore 
men^ned and according to the Condic?5ns 
aboue Specified 
And it is further agreed with the Purchasers of the Lotts of the 
Smith filye that the Citty doe make the Seuerall Wharfes following 
(Viz*.) That is to Say one Wharf e ff routing to King Street which 
wharfe is to be thirty ffoot wide equall with the purchasers. 
[S6J As also two other Wharfes Twelue ffoot wide one on eadi side 
Maiden Slipp running to high water marke likewise two Wharfes one 
one each side the Slipp of M^? van Clyffe twelue ffoot wide all which 
Wharfes are to be kept in good and Sufficient repayre by the Citty and 
the Slipps are to be twenty four ffoot wide And the Citty are Obliedged 
to ffinish said wharfes by the said time and under the said penalty as 
other the Inhabitants of this Citty purchasers off the Seuerall lotts in 
the Smiths ffly are obliedged to 

Citty of } ^^^ Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorke j hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 10*^ of 

August Ann Dom 1692 

Present Ab: De Peyster Esq*^ Mayor 

William Pinhorn Recorder 

William Merritt ^ 

Brandt Skuyler U Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Ebenezar Willson "S 

Thomas Clarke * • ^ ^ 

_, ^ T^. > Assistants 

Peter Kmg [ 

Gerritt Douw J 

Vpon application made by the Purchasers of the Lotts in the 



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280 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Srniths fflye that there is earth wanting for filling up said Lotts desire- 
ing that they may haue liberty to Digg the hill by M^" Beekmans It is 
granted that they may digg and Leuell So much of the said hill as 
belongs to the Citty as the Conlon or high way as the Surveyors of 
the Citty Shall direct 

ajourned till afternoon 

[57] Citty of ^ Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorkej hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 10*^ of 

August in the afternoone Ann Dom 1692 

Present Abraham d' Peyster Esqr Mayor 

William Pinhorn Recorder 

William Merritt ^ 

Brandt Skuyler L Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Ebenezar Willson 

Stephen d* Lancy 

Thomas Clarke 

Peter King 

Voted whether the lott of land behinde the Weigh house next the 
Dock forme:'ly claimed by Co!t Dongan belongs to the Citty to dispose 
thereof 

It is carried by Major votes the disposal thereof to be in power 
of the Citty 

M*" Spratt appearing here refuseth to accept the sume of Eighty 
pounds before tendered him for his Corner lott at the end of the broad 
Street and in lieu thereof desires the Lott of land behinde the Weigh- 
house next the Dock formerly claimed by Colt Dongan which is accord- 
ingly granted he also further proposeing to take the additional part 
adjoyning upon the Said termes as other the adjoyning purchazers is 
also in like manner granted him 

Ordered that there be a Patent drawne accordingly for the same 
according to the directions of the Surveyors And upon deliuery of 
Said Patent the Said Mr Spratt to Surrender up his former Patent from 
the Citty for his aforesaid Lott at the End of the Broad Street. 
[58] Whereas the Bolting of fflower & Bakeing of bread hath been 
and is the chiefe support of the trade and Traffick of this Citty & 
maintenance of its Inhabitants of all degrees and it hath for many 
yeares past been an antient VSage practice and priuiledge of the Citty 
that no fflower or Riskett should be Boalted made or packed for Sale 
or Transportation but in this Citty only w^hich Vsage and Custome has 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 281 

upon Enquiery into by all former Gouernors been approued of a good 
and Conuienient Custome agreable to reason and for the proffitt & 
Benefitt of all their Maj*'?* Subjects not only the Inhabitants of this 
Citty but of the whole prouince 

Ordered that all former lawes relaiting to the restraineing the 
bringing in of any bread or fflower for Sale or Transporta^n but Such 
only as Shall be bolted or baked within this Citty be confirmed and' 
all Such fflower or bread to be forfeited one third to the Informer and 
the other two thirds to the vse of the Citty And that the Sherriflfe 
Sieze all fflower or bread that Shall come to this Citty which hath been 
bolted or baked without the Libertyes of the Same 

Citty of ) ^^ Att a CoiTTon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorkej Hall of said Citty on Thursday the 11^^ day 

of August Anno DoIiT 1692 

Present Abraham d' Peyster Esq^ Mayor 

William Pinhorne Recorder 

William Merritt "^ 

Brandt Skuyler L Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Ebenezar Willson 

Teunis de Key 

Stephen d' Lancy V^ Assistants 

Thomas Clarke 

Peter King 

[59] Ordered that all fforfeitures by any law or order relateing to the 
Markett house halfe the ffines to goe to the Clarke of the Markett the 
other halfe to the Citty 

Citty of ) ^^ Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorke( hall of Said Citty on ffryday the 12*** of 

August Anno Dom 1692 

Present Abraham de Peyster Esq^ Mayor 
William Pinhorne Recorder 
William Merritt "^ 
Brandt Skuyler L Aldermen 
Robert Darkins J 
Teunis de Key 
ab: Ebenezar Willson 

Stephen d' Lancy >. Assistants 
Thomas Clarke 
? Peter King 



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282 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Alderman Brandt Skuyler and Capt Thomas Clarke are appointed 
a Comittee to waite upon Colt Bayard and M^ Greyham to know and 
make Inquiery of them if they know of any Grant or Patent from the 
Citty made unto Colt Dongan late Gouerno^ relateing to the lott he 
layed claime to behind the Weighhouse. 

Who makes returne thatt Cott Bayard declared that Cott Dongan 
about a twelue month after the Grant of the Charter desired of him 
being then Mayor a Patent for said ground which Colt Bayard abso- 
lutly refused Saying he would acquaint the Comon Councill thereof 
and that some time after Isaac Swinton then Sec*y brought a Patent 
unto Cott Bayard from Cott Dongan for to be by him Signed w*^!? he 
refused whereupon ^M*" Swinton declared that the Gouernor should 
say he would Signe it himselfe [60] And further that Mr Greyham 
declared that about a twelue month Ensueing the Grant of the Charter 
he was very much Importuned by Colt: Dongan late Gouernor for to 
draw him a Patent for the aboue menconed lott which he at that time 
dis waded him from acquainting him that he had Sould Said land to 
the Citty and therefore could not haue any title to it he made answer 
what was that to him draw you the Patent upon which he answered 
he would draw him one hundred If he would but they would do him no 
good and accordingly Ingrossed one for him. 

All Orders in force published this day 

Citty of ^ ^^^^ Att a CoIITon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorkej hall of said Citty on Tuesday the 30^^ day 

of August A? 1692 

Present Abraham d' Peyster Esq Mayor 
William Pinhorn Recordor 
William Beekman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp y Aldermen 
Brandt Skuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Teunis de Key 
Ebenezar Willson 

Peter King J 

Agreed that there be a Treate made to wellcome his Excellency 
Benjamin Fletcher now arriued by the Citty to the Valine of twenty 
pounds or thereabouts And it is left to Alderman William Merritt to 
prouide the Same accordingly 



rr.. r^i , ^Assistants 

Thomas Clarke 



I 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 283 

[61] Att a Councill held att New-yorke the 

first of September 1692 

Present His Excellency 
ffredrick phillips 
Stev: Courtlandt 



W« Smith 
Gabr: Monviell 
Chid: Brooke 



W? Nichols 



Tho:Willet . 
^^"^ Nic: Bayard ^^^"^ 

Jn? Lawrence 



It is the Opinion of the whole Councill Nemine Contra^ : that James 
Graham be Restored to his former Office of Recorder of the Citty of 
New-yorke Pursuant to the Recomendacon of the Lords of the Com- 
mittee for trade and Plantations his Discontinuance in Cott Slaughters 
time in any wayes notwithstanding 

Vera Copia Dau[i]d Jamisen Q Concilii 

The Fiat 

In Pursuance of an Order of Councill the first of September In- 
stant upon a Recomenda^n of the Lords of the Committee for trade 
and Plantations Lett A Commi^n be prepared for James Graham 
Esqf to be Recorder of the Citty of New-yorke and lett the Seale of 
this Prouince be affixed thereunto for w^^ this Shall be to you a 
Sufficient Warrant dated this third day of September 1692 

To Matthew Clarkson Secry Ben : ffletcher 

A true Copy 

Dauid Jameson 

Att a Councill the 12*^ 7ber 1692 

James Grayham Esq^ being called had the Oath appointed by act 
of Parlement instead &c the Oath of Attorney Generall for the Prouince 
of New-yorke & the Oath of Recorder of the Citty of New-yorke 
administred unto him Subscribed the Test and had his Commiscon 
for the Said place deliuered him by his Excelty 

p"" order Dauid Jamison CI: Counc[il] 

[62] William and Mary by the grace of God of England Scottland 
ffrance and Ireland King and Queen Defenders of the faith &c To all 
to whome these presents Shall come greeting Know yee that wee 



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284 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

reposeing especiall Trust and confidence in the Loyalty ability and 
Integrity of our Trusty and well beloued James Grayham Esqr haue 
given and granted and by these presents do giue and grant unto him 
th« Said James Grayham the place and office of Recorder within our 
Citty of New yorke and him the Said James Grayham Recorder of our 
Said Citty of New-yorke We do by these p^sents make ordaine and 
constitute To Haue Hold exercise and Enjoy the Said place or 
office of Recorder of y^ said Citty unto him the said James Graham 
or his sufficient deputy so long as he or they Shall behaue themselues 
well therein together with all ffees Sallarys Priuilidges benefitts 
Proffitts perquisites and aduantages to the Said office now belonging or 
which Shall belong or in any wise appertain in Testimony whereof Wee 
haue caused the Broad Seale of the Said Prouince to be hereunto 
affixed Wittnesse Benjamin ffletcher Esq^ Cap* Generall and Gouernour 
in chiefe of the Prouince of New- Yorke and Territoryes depending 
thereon in America & Councill att Fort William henry this third day 
of September An^ DoTfT 1692 An? Reg Regis & Regin Wilt & Maria 
Angt &c iiij° 



Citty of / ^^ Att A CoHon Councill held att the 

New-yorkej Citty hall of Said Citty on flfrj^day the i6**> 

of SeptemlJ A^ DotTT 1692 

Present Ab: De Peyster Esq*^ Mayor 

James Grayham Recorder 

William Merritt 

William Beekman 

Johannes Kipp ^Aldermen 

Brandt Skuyler 

Robert Darkins 

[63] Teunis de Key ^ 

Ebenezar Willson a • . ^ 
e^ t- j» T > Assistants 

Stephen d Lancy j 

Thomas Clarke J 

Ordered that the Gentlemen formerly appointed a Comittee for 
Stateing and Auditeing the Citty Acc^J^ doe Examine and proceed and 
make reporte thereof next ConTon Councill 

Ordered that Alderman Kipp and Captain Willson doe Examine 
and make Enquiery touching what Alderman Beekman hath to Say or 
alleadge concerning the Citty land 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



285 



Mf Peter King being absent, Ordered that Alderman Darkins 
Supervize the affaires of the poore of this Citty untill the next Election 

Ordered that Alderman Kipp & Alderman John Merritt Cap* 
Teunis de Key and Mr Gerritt Douw do view the high wayes from the 
fresh water unto Crummashie hill beyond the borce and Examine 
what Intrusions hath been lately made and what was the Antient 
Limitts and bounds of the highwayes aforesaid and make reporte 
thereof unto the Mayor by this day Sennett And that they desire the 
Surveyo" of the high wayes to Inspect the fifences that they be good 
and Sufficient as the Law directs 

Ordered that Alderman William Merritt and Captain Thomas 
Qarke doe make Enquiry what it may Cost the Citty for their pro- 
por^n building the Wharfe att the Smiths ffly. 

Ordered that the Treasurer buy ten or twelue Cord of wood for 
the Guards 



Citty of ) 
New-yorke\ 



SS 



Att a Conion Councill held att the Citty 
hall of said Citty on Thursday the 29*^ of 
7tem15 1692 



. Aldermen 



Present Ab: De Peyster Esq*" Mayor 
James Grayham Recorder 
[64] William Beekman "^ 

William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
Robert Darkins 
John Merritt 
Ebenezar Willson ^ 
Stephen d' Lancy I a,,:,..,,.. 
Thomas Clarke j 
Gerritt Douw J 

By Vertue of a Warrant Issued forth from Mr Mayor to the 
Seuerall Aldermen of y« respectiue Wards thorough out this Citty In 
order to their Electing as Vsuall this day One Alderman and Assistant 
two assessors and one Petty Constable for each respectiue ward afore- 
said to Serue for the next Ensueing yeare Returne was made there 
of by the Seuerall Aldermen for their Respectiue Wards this day by 
the hour of Twelue of the Clock unto the Town Clerks Office of this 
Citty by a warrant under their Seuerall hands and Scales according 



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286 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



to the Tenor of the aforesaid Warrant Issued forth from the Mayor 
being as ffolloweth (Viz*) 



East Ward 



Alderman 
Assistant 



Assessors 



Dock Ward 



North Ward 



[65] 



South Ward 



West Ward 



^WilHam Beekman 

Ebenezar Willson 

Lawrence Read 

John Theobals 

Samuell Meyners 

WilHam Merritt 

Thomas Clarke 

Nicholas de Meyer 

Johannes de Peyster ( 

Thomas Burroughs Constable 
^Johannes Kipp 

Theunis de Key 

Jacob Boelen 

Johannes Beekman 

Harmen Konning 

Brandt Skuyler 

Stephen d' Lancy 

William Teller 

Jacobus Kipp 
^ Jacob Marius 

Robert Darkins 

John Windeford 

Suert Olphetz 

Cobus Colet 

Euert van hook 



Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

> Assessors 



Alderman 
assistant 

( Assessors 



. S 



Out Ward 



Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

i Assessors 

Constable 
Aldermen 
Assistant 

( Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

I Assessors 

Constable 

Constable for Haerlem 



'Garrett Douw 
Arent van Scoyeck 
Peter de Groot 
Thomas Tervoore 
Jacob Cornelius 
Sharcke Tervoore 
Ebenezar Willson Elected Treasurer nemine Contra dicente for the 
Next yeare 

Edward Buckmaster was by M*" Mayor appointed high Constable 
for the Ensueing yeare 

Cap* Abraham de Peyster the late Mayor is appointed by his Ex- 
cellency Mayor for the Ensueing yeare and M** Stanley Hancock 
SherrifFe and M"" William Sharpas Towne Clerk which is by order of 
his Excellency accordingly declared to the board 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 287 

Citty of ^ Att a Comon Councill held at the Citty 

New-yorkej hall of Said Citty on Wednsday the 5*^ of 

October A? DoTH 1692 

Present Ab: De Peyster Esq*" Mayor 

James Grayham Recorder 

William Beekman ^ 

William Merritt v Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 
[60J Teunis de Key 

Ebenezar Willson 

Stephen d' Lancy 

Thomas Clarke 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to the Attorney General! three 
pounds and to the other Attorneys M*^ Emett and Tuder each one 
Pound Tenn Shillings for their ffees on ace" of the fflower to appeare 
at the Supreame Court on behalfe of the Citty 

Ordered that Mr Barbery recieue y^ Effects of Petty Boys the dis- 
tracted man into his hands from Cap* Monviell and others and to 
dispose of the Same to be best aduantage for the Vse of the Said Petty 
Boys and pay out thereof Such necessary debts as are now due or 
Shall become due 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to Mr Morris what is due unto him 
So Soone as he hath money in his hands 

Citty of ) <^^ Att a Comon Councill held att the Citty 

New-yorkei hall of said Citty on ffryday the 14*** day of 

October A? Dom 1692 

Ab : De Peyster Esq^ Mayor 
James Grayham Esq*" Recorder 
William Beekman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Skuyler 
Robert Darkins 
John Merritt 
[67] Ebenezar Willson 

Theunis de Key 
Stephen d' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
Garrett Douw 



Aldermen 



>► Assistants 



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288 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The Mayor and Aldermen with the Assistants &c attended his 
Excellency and Councill where the Late Mayor Cap' Abraham de 
Peyster was Sworne Mayor and So confirmed for the Ensuring yeare 
who returned with the Aldermen and Assistants M*" Stanley Hancock 
first being Sworne Sherriffe for the Ensueing yeare before his Said 
Excellency and Councill 

The Mayor and Sherriffe as also the Towne Clarks Commissions 
at their Returne unto the Town hall were publickly read 

The Mayor accordingly afterwards took his place after which The 
new Aldermen being Called was Sworne they Signeing the Test 
accordingly tooke their places whereupon the old ones were dismissed 

The new Assistants being called was Sworne they Signeing the 
Test accordingly took their places whereupon the old ones were 
dismissed 

William Sharpas appointed Town Clarke by his Excellency re- 
cieued the Oaths belonging to his Said Office 

The Constables new Chosen were Sworne Except Thomas Bur- 
roughs and Jacob Marius who were absent 

For asmuch as Cott Bayard hath informed the Court that John 
Windeford returned to Serue as Comon Councill man for the [68] 
West Ward was on the day of June Last for Seuerall Misde- 

meanours bound to his good behauiour for one yeare and a day then 
next ffollowing and that Cap* Gabriell Monviell and Cap* Jeremiah 
Tothill were Sureties for the Same and it appearing unto this Court 
that he remaines Still under the Same bond therefore not fitt or quali- 
fied to Serue in that office of Trust that he is returned for 

Wherefore ordered that the Alderman of the Said Ward doe 
Summons the Inhabitants of his Ward to Elect another person more 
fitt and Lawfully qualified in his Stead 

Ordered that Alderman Robert Darkins and Cap* Ebenezar Willson 
doe accompany the Towne Clarke unto Joseph Nicolls Late Towne 
Clarke in order to recieue from him all the bookes papers and other 
Records whatsoeuer belonging to the Citty and that they take an 
Inucntory of y* Same 



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j^ Aldermen 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 289 

Citty of I ^^ Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Wensday y^ 

ninth day of Nov^r Ann. Dom 1692 

Present Abraham D Peyster ESq*" Mayor 
William Merritt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkin 
Garratt Dow 
Ebenezar Wilson "S 
Theunis D Key L Assistants 
Stephen D Lancy J 

Order'd that y? Treasurer Mr Ebenezar Wilson pay to English 
Smith Marshall and Bellringer of this Citty five pounds nine Shilings 
and Six pence as appears by the Ballance of his ace? ending the 
fourteenth day of oct^r last past, and Aprov'd on by this board. 

[69] Citty of ^^^, Att a Common Council held att y? 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday y' 

tenth day of Nov^r Ann Dom 1692 

Present Abraham D Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqF Recorder 
William Beeckman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkin 
Garrat Dow 
Ebenezar Wilson S 

Theunis D Key L Assistants 

Johannes Vande Spregel J 

Johannes Vande Spregel was Sworn for an Assistant of y? West 
Ward and likewise Subscribed the Test and took his place in y? CoTTIon 
Council Accordingly. 

Mr Beeckman has made his Report to this board y* the Carmen 
of this Citty hath mended the High ways between y? Said Citty and 
the fresh water according to an order to them directed. 

Ordered that A Warrant be Granted to Alderman Dow to Sum- 
mons the Inhabitants of his Ward to Elect two proper persons to be 
Surveyors of the High ways and Fences for bis Said Ward. 
Vol. I.— 19 



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.Aldermen 



290 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Orderd that A Warrant be Granted unto Mr Brandt Schuyler 
Atcl: of the South Ward that he Summons tlie Inhabitants and Free- 
holders of y? Said Ward to Chuse A Constable, Mr Spratt lately Chosen 
for that Station hauing paid his Fine. 



Citty of ^ gg Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday y? 

5^t day of January Ann Dom 92-3 

Present Abraham D Peyster ESqf Mayor 
William Beeckman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkin 
Garratt Dow 
Ebenezer Willson 
Theunis D. Key 
Thomas Clarke 
Stephen D Lancy 
Johannes Vande Spregel 

[70] Whereas His Excellency y? Governor out of great favour and 
good to this Citty, hath proposed y* building of A Bridg att Spiken- 
devil, and hath given to this Citty y^ preference thereof, for the better 
accommodation & advantage, which may Accrue thereby to y? Said 
Citty. 

Itt is Voted that this board Shall wait upon y? Governor and accept 
of his most favourable offer, and return his Excellency humble 
Acknowledgments, for the Care he expresseth for the good of y? 
Said Citty. 



>. Assistants 



[71] CoppY OF Y' Citty s Charter 

Thomas Dongan Lievt Governor and Vice Admirall of New York 
and it's Dependencies under his Majesty James y^ Second by the 
Grace of God of England Scottland France and Ireland King De- 
fendor of y^ faith Supreame Lord, and Proprietor of y^ Collony and 
Province of New York, and it's dependencies in America &c : To all to 
whom this Shall come Sendeth Greeting. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



291 



Whereas the Citty of New Yorke is an 
y^ Citty an Antiant body Antient Citty within y^ Said Province and 
P o 1 i t i q ue & Corpo- the Citizens of the Said Citty have antiently 
rate, W^t Diverse been A bodyPoHtique and Corporate and the 
Riglits Priviledges &c : Citizens of the said Citty have held, used and 

enjoyed as well within the same as else 
where in the said Province, Diverse and Sundry Rights, Liberties, 
Priviledges, Franchises, Free Customs, Preheminences, Advantages, 
Jurisdictions, Emoluments, and Immunitys, aswell by Prescription, as 
by Charter, letters, Pattents, Grants and Confirmations. Not only to 
Diverse Govern"^ and CoTTl^nders in Chiefe in the said Province; but 
also of severall Governors, Directors, Generalls, and Commanders in 
Chief of the Neither Dutch Nation ; whilst the same was or has been 
under their Power and Subjection: And Wliereas Diverse Lands, 
Tenements, and Hereditaments, Jurisdictions, Liberties, Immunities 
and Priviledges, have heretofore been Given and Granted, or men- 
tioned to be Given and Granted to the Citizens and Inhabitants of y? 
said Citty, Sometimes by Name of Schout, Burgamasters, and Schep- 
ens of the Citty of New Amsterdam, and sometimes by the Name of 
Mayor Aldermen & Comonality of the Citty of New York Sometimes 
by the Name of the Mayor Aldermen and Sheriff of the Citty of New 
York; Sometimes by the Name of the Mayor and Aldermen of the 
Citty of New York and by Divers other Names ; as by their Severall 
letters Pattents, Charters, Grants, Writeings Records and Minuments, 
ainongst other things may more fully Appear, and Whereas the 
Citizens and Inhabitants of the said Citty, have erected, built, and 
Appropriated att their own proper Costs and Charges, severall Pub- 
lick Buildings Accommodations and Conveniences for the said Citty, 
that is to say the Citty Hall or Stathouse, with the Ground thereunto 
belonging, two Markett houses, the Bridge into y^ Dock the Wharfs 
or Dock with their apurtenances and Conveniences; and the New 
Buryal place, without the Gate of this Citty ; and have Established and 
Setled one Ferry from the said Citty of New York to Long Island, for 
the accommodation and Conveniency of Passengers, the said Citizens 
and Travellers, and Whereas severall the Inhabitants of the said 
Citty and of Manhattans Island doe hold from and under his most 
Sacred Majesty Respectively; as well by Severall and respective 
letters Pattents, Grants Charters, and Conveyances, made and 
Granted by the late Lieutenants Governors or Comanders in Chiefe 
of the said Province, as otherwise Severall and Respective Messuages, 
Lands Tenements and Hereditaments upon Manhattans Island 



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292 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



and in the Citty of New York aforesaid [72] And that as well 
the Said Mayor Aldermen and Commonality of 
Confirmation of all the Said Citty and their Successors. As Alsoe 
P u b 1 i c k buildings the Inhabitants of Manhattans Island and Citty 
which byy* Citizens of New Yorke aforesaid, as their heires and 
and Inhabitants have Assigns Respectively may hold exercise and en- 
been Erected or built joy, not only Such and the Same Liberties, 
or have been held or Priviledges, Franchises, Rights Royalties, free 
Enjoyed by them or Customs, Jurisdictions and Immunities, as they 
any of them have anciently had, used, held, and enjoyed, 

but alsoe Such Publick Buildings, Accommoda- 
tions, Conveniences, Messuages, Tenements, Lands, and Heridita- 
ments in y^ Said Citty of New Yorke and upon Manhattans Island 
aforesaid, which as Aforesaid have been by the Citizens and In- 
habitants Erected, and built, or which have as aforesaid been held 
enjoyed Granted and Conveyed unto them, or any of them Re- 
spectively. Know Yee therefore that I the said Thomas Dongan by 
Vertue of the Commission and Authority unto me Given, and power 
in me residing; att y^ humble petition of the now Mayor, Alder- 
men & Commonality of the Said Citty of New York and for Diverse 
Other good Causes and Considerations me thereunto moving; have 

Given Granted, ratified and Confirmed; and by 
Confirmation of these Presents, for and on the behalf of his most 
former Rights &c: Sacred Majesty aforesaid his Heires Successors 

and Assigns, doe give Grant Ratifie, and Confirm 
unto the said Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of y? said Citty all 
and every Such and the Same Priviledges, Liberties, Franchises, 
Rights, Royalties, Free Customs, Jurisdictions and Immunities, which 
they by the Name of the Mayor, Aldermen, & Commonality or other- 
wise, have anciently had, held, used or enjoyed. Provided allways, 
that none of the said Liberties, Priviledges, Franchises, Rights, Free 
Customs, Jurisdictions or Immunities be Inconsistant with or Repug- 
nant, to the Laws of his Majesties Kingdom of England, or any other 
the Laws of the Generall Assembly of this Province, and the aforesaid 
publick Buildings, accommodations & Conveniences in the Said Citty, 
(that is to Say) the aforesaid Citty Hall or Stathouse with the Ground 
thereunto belonging, two Markett houses, the Bridg into the Dock, the 
Wharfes or Dock, the Said New Buryal place, and the Aforementioned 
Ferry, with there and every of their Rights members and Appurten- 
ances : together with all the profitts, benefitts and Advantages which 
Shall or may accrue, and arise att all times hereafter, for Dockage, or 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 293 

wharfage within the Said Dock, with all & Singular the Rents, Issues, 
Profitts, Gains and Advantages, which Shall or may Arise, Grow, or 
Accrue by the Said Citty Hall or Stathouse and Ground thereunto 
belonging, Markett houses, bridg Dock, burying place. Ferry, and 
Other the above Mentioned Premises or any of them. And also all 
and Every the Streets lanes Highways and [73] Allyes within the 
Said Citty of New York and Manhattans Island aforesaid; for the 
Publick use and Service of the said Mayor Aldermen and Common- 
ality of the said Citty, and of the Inhabitants of Manhattans Island 
aforesaid, and Travellers there; Together with full Power Lycense 
and Authority to the said Mayor Aldermen & Colnonality and there 
Successors for ever, to establish Appoint Order & direct the Establish- 
ing, making, laying out, ordering, amending & repairing of all Streets, 

lanes, Aleys, Highways, water Courses, 
Streets & Highways &c : Ferry, & Bridges, in and throughout, the 

said Citty of New York, and Manhattans 
Island aforesaid, and for all Travellers and Passengers there. Pro- 
vided allways that this said Lycense Soe as above Granted for y^ 
Establishing makeing and laying out of Streets, Lanes, Alleys, High- 
ways, Ferry and Bridges, be not extended or be Construed to extend, to 
the takeing away of any Person or Persons Right or Property, without 
his, her, or there Consent or by some Known Law of the said 
Province. And for the Considerations aforesaid. I doe likewise give, 
Grant Ratifie & Confirm unto all and every the Respective Inhabitants 
of the said Citty of New York and of Manhattans Island aforesaid, 
and their severall and Respective Heires and Assigns all and every 
the Severall and Respective, Messuages, Tenements, Lands and 
Heriditaments Scituate lying and being in the said Citty, and Man- 
hattans Island, aforesaid, to them severally and Respectively granted, 
Conveyed, and Confirmed, by any of the late Governors, Lieutenants, 
or Command'l in Chiefe, of y^ said Province, or by any of the former 
Mayors or Deputy Mayor [s] and Aldermen of the said Citty of New 
York, by Deed, Grant, Conveyance or other wise howsoever, to hold 
to their Severall and respective heires, and Assigns for ever. And I 

doe by these Presents give and Grant, unto 
Waste and Vacant lands the Said Mayor, Aldermen & ConT^nality of 

the Said Citty of New York. All the Waste, 
Vacant, unpattented, and Vnappropriated Lands, Lying & being with- 
in the Said Citty of New York, and on Manhattans Island aforesaid, 
extending & reaching to the low water mark in by and through all 
parts of the Said Citty of New York and Manhattans Island Aforesaid. 



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294 ?JINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Together with all Rivers, Rivoletts, Coves, Creeks, ponds, waters, 
and water Courses in the Said Citty and Island ; or either of them, not 
heretofore Given or Granted, by any of the former Governors, Lieu- 
tenants, or Commands in Chiefe under their, or some of their hands 
and scale; or seal of the Province; or by any of the former Mayors 
or Deputy Mayors, and Aldermen of the Said Citty of [74] New York ; 
To some Respective Person or Persons late Inhabitants of the said City 
of New York or Manhattans Island, or of other parts of the said Prov- 
ince. And I doe by these Presents give Grant and Confirm 
Royalties unto the said Mayor, Aldermen & Commonality of the 
said Citty of New York, and their successors for ever; 
the Royalties of fishing, fowHng, Hunting, Hawking Mineralls, and 
other Royalties and Priviledges, belonging or Appertaining to the 
Citty of New York, and Manhattans Island aforesaid (Gold and Silver 
Mines only excepted[)] To have hold and enjoy, all and Singular y' 
premises to the said Mayor, Aldermen & Commonality, of the said 
Citty of New York and their successors for ever, 
Quitt Rents Rendring and paying therefore unto his most sacred 
Majesty, His Heires, Successors or Assigns, or to 
Such Officer or Officers, as Shall be Appointed to receive the Same, 
yearly for ever hereafter, the Annual Quit Rent or Acknowledg- 
ment of one Beaver Skin or the Value thereof in Currant Money of 
this Province in the Said Citty of New York on the five and twentieth 
day of March yearly for ever; And moreover I will and by these 
Presents Doe Grant Appoint & declare that y® 
Extent of the City Said Citty of New York, and the Compass Pre- 
cincts, and limitts thereof and the Jurisdiction 
of the Same ; Shall from henceforth extend, and reach itt Self, and may 
and Shall be able to reach forth, and extend itt self, as well in length and 
in breadth, as in Circuit, to the furthest extent of and in and through- 
out. All that the Said Island Manhattans, and in and upon, all the 
Rivers Rivoletts Coves, Creeks, waters, and Water Courses, belonging 
to the Same Island, as far as low water marke ; And doe alsoe for and 
on the behalf of his most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid, his Heirs and 
Successors, firmly enjoyne & Command, that y^ Abovesaid Mayor, 
Aldermen and Commonality of the Citty Aforesaid, and their Suc- 
cessors, Shall and may freely and quietly, Have hold, use, and enjoy 
the Aforesaid Liberties Authorities, Jurisdictions, Franchises, Rights 
Royalties, Priviledges, Exemptions, of Lands, Tenements, Heridita- 
ments and Premises Aforesaid; in manner and form Aforesaid, 
According to the Tenor and eflPect, of the abovesaid Grants, Pattents^ 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 295; 

Customes, [75] And letters Pattents, of Grant and Confirmation 
without the lett, Hindrance, or Impediment, of me or any of my Suc- 
cessors, Governors Lieutenants, or Other Officers whatsoever: And 
Alsoe, I doe for and on the behalf of his most Sacred Majesty aforesaid 
His Heirs & Successors, Grant to the Mayor, Aldermen, & Com- 
monality of the Said Citty of New York, and their Successors by these 
Presents; That for the Better Government of 
A Mayor the Said Citty, Liberties and Precincts thereof, 

Recorder there Shall be forever, hereafter within the Said 

Town Clerk Citty, A Mayor and Recorder, Town Clerk and 

Six Aldermen Six Aldermen, and Six Assistants to be Ap- 

Six Assistants pointed. Nominated, Elected, Chosen, And 

One Chamberlain Sworn as herein after is particularly and re- 

or Treasurer spectively mentioned who Shall be for ever 

One Sheriff hereafter Called the Mayor Aldermen & Com- 

One Coroner monality, of the Citty of New York. And that 

One Clerk of y* their Shall be for ever, one Chamberlaine or 

Markett Treasurer, one Sheriff one Coroner, one Clerk 

One High Constable of the Markett, one High Constable, Scaven 
Seaven Sub Con- Sub Constables, and one Marshall, or Snr- 

stables jeant att Mace, to be Appointed Chosen and 

one Marshall or Sworn In manner Hereafter Mentioned. And 

Sarjeant att Mace ; I doe by these Presents, for and on the behalf 
of his most most Sacred Majesty aforesaid 
His Heirs Successors & Assigns, declare Constitute Grant and Ap- 
point; that the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & Assistants, of y^ Said 
Citty of New York for the time being, and they which hereafter 
shall be, Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen & Assistants, of the Said 
Citty of New York for the time being, and their Successors for 
ever hereafter, be, and Shall be by force of these Presents, one body 
Corporate and Politique, in deed, fact and name, by the name of the 
Mayor Aldermen & Commonality of y? Citty of New York, and them 
by the Name of the Mayor Aldermen and Commonility of y? Citty of 
New York one body Corporate and Politique, in Deed, Fact and 
Name; I doe really and fully Create, Ordain make, Constitute and 
Confirm by these Presents. And y\ by the name of the Mayor, Aldermen 
& Commonality of the Citty of New York, they may have perpetual 
Succession. And that they and their Successors for ever by the name 
of Mayor Aldermen, & Commonality of the Citty of New York, be 
and Shall be for ever hereafter. Persons Able, and in Law Capable, 
To Have, Gett, receive and possess. Lands, Tenements, Rents, 



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«96 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Liberties, Jurisdictions, Franchises, & Heridataments, to [76] To them 
and their Successors in Fee Simple, or for term of Hfe, Hves or yeares, 
or Otherwise, And also goods & Chattells, and also Other things, of 
what nature, kind or quality. Soever, And alsoe to give. Grant, Lett, 
Sett, and Assigne the Same Lands Tenements Heriditaments Goods 
& Chattells, And to doe and Execute all other things About the Same 
by the Name Aforesaid: And Alsoe that they be and for ever Shall 
be hereafter persons Able in Law Capable to plead and be Impleaded 
Answer and be Answered unto Defend and be Defended in all or any 
the Courts of his Said Majesty and Other places whatsoever, And 
before any Judges Justices and other person or persons whatsoever 
in all and all manner of Actions, Suits Complaints Demands Pleas 
Causes and Matters whatsoever or what Nature kinde or quality 
Soever in the Same, and in the like manner and Form as other people 
of the Said Province, being Persons Able and in Law Capable 
may Plead and be Impleaded Answer & be Answered unto Defend 
and be Defended by any Lawfull ways and means whatsoever. And that 
y? Said Mayor Aldermen & Commonality of y? Said City of New 
Yorke and their Successors Shall and may for ever hereafter have 
one Common Seal to Serve for the Sealing of all and 
Grant of Seal singular their Affairs & Businesses touching or Con- 
cerning the said Corporation. And itt Shall and may 
be Lawfull to and for the Said Mayor Aldermen & Commonality of the 
Said Citty of New Yorke and their Successors as they Shall See Cause 
to breake, Change, Alter and New Make their Said Commgn Seal, 
when and as often as to them itt Shall Seem Convenient And further 
Know Yee that I have Assigned, Named, Ordained & Constituted and 
by these Presents doe Assigne, Name Ordaine & Constitute Nicolas 
Bayard now Mayor of the said City of New Yorke to be Present 
Mayor of the said Citty and y* the said Nicolas Bayard Shall Remaine 
and Continue in the office of Mayor there untill Another fitt person 
Shall be Appointed and Sworne in the [yj] Said Office According 
to the Usage and Custom of the Said Citty And as in and by these 
Presents is hereafter Mentioned and directed. And I have Assigned, 
Named Ordained and Constituted and by these Presents doe Assign, 
Name Ordain and Constitute Create & declare James Graham ESq^ to 
be the Present Recorder of the S? Citty, to doe and Execute all things 
which unto y? Office of Recorder of the Said Citty doth or may in any 
wise appertain or belong. And I have Assigned, Named Ordained & 
Constituted And by these Presents doe assigne Name Ordaine Consti- 
tute Create & declare John [West] ESq^ Town Gierke of the Said Citty 
to doe and Execute all things which unto y^ Office of Town Gierke may 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 297 

any ways Appertain or belong. And I have Assigned named Con- 
stituted and made by these Presents doe Assign Name Constitute and 
make Andrew Bowne John Robinson William Beeckman John Delavall 
Abraham D* Peyster and Johannes Kipp Cittizens and Inhabitants of 
the Said Citty of New Yorke to be Present Aldermen of y? Said Citty. 
And Alsoe I have made Assigned Named and Constituted and by these 
Presents doe Assign, Name, Constitute and make Nicolas D Meyr 
Johannes Van Brough John D* Bryne Tunisse D Key Abraham Cor- 
bett and Wolfert Webber Cittizens & Inhabitants of y^ Said Citty 
to be Present Assistants of the Said Citty And Alsoe I have Assigned 
Chosen Named & Constituted And by these Presents doe Assign Chuse 
Name & Constitute Peter D Lanoy Cittizen & Inhabitant of y^ Said 
Citty to be the Present Chamberlain or Treasurer of y^ Said Citt}-; 
And I have Assigned Named Constituted & Appointed and by these 
Presents doe Assign Name Constitute & Appoint John Knight Esq' 
one Other of y? Said Cittizens there to be Present Sheriff of y' 
Said Citty. And have Assigned Named & Appointed and by these 
Presents doe Assign Name Constitute and Appoint Jarvis Marshall 
one other of the S^ Cittizens there to be Present Marshall of y^ Said 
Citty ; And I doe by these Presents Grant to the said Mayor Aldermen 
and Commonality of the Said Citty of New York [78] And there 

Successors that yf Mayor Recorder Aldermen 
The Mayor Record- & Assistants of y^ Said Citty for y^ time being 
er & any three or or the Mayor Recorder or any three or more oi 
more of y? Aldermen the Aldermen and any three or more of y? 
and any three or Assistants for y? time being be, and Shall be 
more of the Assist- Called the Common Council of y^ Said Citty, 
ants be & Shall be And they or the Greater part of them Shall or 
Called y® CoIlTon may have full power & Authority by Ver- 
Council of yfS^ Citty. tue of these Presents from time to time to Call 

& hold Common Council within y^ Common 
Council house or Citty Hall of y? Said Citty & there as Occasion 
Shall be to make Laws, Orders Ordinances & Constitutions in writeing 
?nd to Add, Alter, Demenish or reform them from time to time as to 

them Shall Seem Nessessary and Convenient 
Power to make Laws (not Repugnant to the Prerogative of his 
Sell Lands &c: most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid His Heires & 

Successors or to any of y? Laws of y? Kingdom 
of England or Other y? Laws of y^ Generall Assembly of y^ Province of 
New Yorke) for y* Good Rule Oversight, Correction & Goverml of y* 
Said Citty & Liberties of y? Same, & of all the Officers thereof & for 
y5 Severall Tradesmen Victuallers, Artificers & of all Others y? People 



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298 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

& Inhabitants of the Said Citty, Liberties & Precincts aforesaid ; And 
And for y^ better Preservation of Governml & Disposal! of a'l y^ Lands, 
Teneni^? & Heriditam*^, Goods & Chattells of y? Said Corporation, which 
Laws, Orders, Ordinances and Constitutions Shall be binding to all y? 
Inhabitants of the Said Citty Liberties & Precincts Aforesaid. And 
which Laws, Orders, Ordinances & Constitutions soe by them made as 
aforesaid : Shall be & Remaine in force for y*? Space of three Monthes & 
noe longer unless they Shall be Allowed & Confirmed by y^ Governour 
& Council for y« time being, and I doe further on yf behalf of his 
Sacred Majesty Aforesaid His Heires & Successors Appoint & Grant yt 
y? Said Common Council of y^ Said Citty for y? time being as often 
as they make. Ordain & Establish Such Laws Orders Ordinances k 

Constitutions as Aforesaid, Shall or may make 
Power to Tax Fines Ordaine Limitt, Provide Lett, Impose Tax rea- 
and Amercements, sonable Fines and Amercements, Against, and 

upon all Persons oflFending Against Such Laws 
Orders, Ordinances & Constitutions as Aforesaid or any of them to 
be made Ordained and Established as Aforesaid & y^ Same Fines Sz 
Amercements Shall and may [79] Require, Demand, Levy, Take, & 
Receive by Warrant under the Common scale to & for y^ use and 
behoof of y^ Mayor Aldermen & Commonality of y* Said Citty and 
their Successors, either by Distress & Sale of y? offenders Goods & 
Chattells therein if Such goods & Chattells may be found within y* 
Said Citty Liberties & Precincts thereof rendring to Such offender & 
Offenders the Overplus, or by any other Lawfull ways or Means what- 
soever, and I doe by these Presents Appoint & 
Choice of Mayor ordaine the Assigning nameing and Appointment of 
And Sheriff y? Mayor & Sheriff of y? Said Citty that itt Shall 

be as followeth (Vizt) upon y* feast day of St 
Michael the Archangell yearly, the Lieutenant Governour or Com- 
mander In Chiefe for the time being, by & with the advice of his 
Council Shall Nominate & Appoint Such person as he Shall think fitt 
to be Mayor of y? Said Citty for y? year next ensueing. And one 
other Person of Sufficient Ability in Estate & of Good Capacity In 
Understanding to be Sheriff of y? Said Citty of New Yorke for the 
year next ensueing. And that Such Person as Shall be Named Assigned 
& Appointed Mayor, & Such person as Shall be Named Assigned 
& Appointed Sheriff of y^ Said Citty as Aforesaid, Shall on the 
fourteenth day of October then next following take their Severall & 
Respective Corporall oathes before y? Governour & Council for y? 
time being, for y^ Due Execution of their Respective offices as 
Said Respective offices untill Another fitt Person Shall be Nominated 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



299 



Assigned & Appointed as Aforesaid shall remaine & Continue in their 
Said Respective offices untill Another fitt Person Shall be Nominated 
Appointed and Sworne in the place of Mayor, & one other Person Shall 
be Nominated & Appointed in the Place of y? 
Choice of Recorder Sheriff of yf Said Citty in Manner Aforesaid; 
Town Clerke and And further that According to the new Usage 
Clerkeofy^Marketts & Custom of the Said Citty, the Recorder^ 
Town Clerke, & Clerke of y? Markett of y? Said 
Citty Shall be Persons of Good Capacity & understanding; & such 
persons as his most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid his Heirs & Successors 
.'^ liall in y? Said Respective offices of Recorder, Town Clerke & Clerke 
cf ><? Markett Appoint & Commissionate ; And for Defect of such Ap- 
pointment & Commissionateing by his most Sacred Majesty Afore- 
said His Heirs & Successors, to be Such Persons as y* Lieutenant 
Govemour or Commander in Chiefe of y* Said Province for y* time 
being Shall Appoint & Commissionate, which Persons soe Commission- 
ated to y* Said offices of Recorder, Town Clerke & Clerke of y^ Markett 
Shall have have hold & Enjoy the Said Offices According to y* Tenour 
& Effect of their Said Commissions and Not Otherwise, and further 
yt the Recorder Town Clerke & Clerkes of y* Markett, Aldermen 
Assistants Chamberlaine High Constable Petty Constables And all 
other officers [80] of the Said Citty before they or any of them Shall 
be Admitted to enter Upon & Execute their Respective offices Shall be 
Sworne, faithfully to Execute the Same before the Mayor or any three 
or More of y? Aldermen for y? time being. And I doe by these Presents 

for & on y? behalf of his Most Sacred Majesty His 
Mayor & Recorder Heirs & Successors Grant & Give Power & 
Impower'd to Ad- Authority to y' Mayor & Recorder of y* Said Citty 
minister Oaths for the time being to Administer y* Said Respective 

Oathes to them Accordingly. And Further I doe 
by these Presents Grant for & on the behalf of his Most Sacred Majesty 
Aforesaid His Heirs and Successors that the Mayor & Recorder of y? 

Said Citty for y* time being And three or More of 
Tmpowering y* y^ Aldermen of y* Said Citty not exceeding five 
Mayor Recorder & Shall be Justices & Keepers of y? Peace of His 
three or More of Most Sacred Majesty His Heirs & Successors; & 
y« Aldermen not Justices to hear & Determine Matter & Causes 
exceeding five to within the Said Citty And Liberties & Precincts 
be Justices of the thereof & that they or any three or more of them 
Peace. whereof y*^ Mayor & Recorder to be there, or one 

of them, Shall & May for ever hereafter have 
Power & Authority by Vertue of these Presents to hear & Determine 



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300 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

all and all Manner of Petty Larcenyes, Riotts, Routs, Oppressions, 
Extortions and other tresspasses & Offences whatsoever within the 
Said Citty of New Yorke, & the Liberties & Precincts Aforesaid 
from time to time Arising and hapening, And which Arise And any 
ways belong to y* office of Justices of y® Peace, And y^ Correction & 
Punishm! of y? offences Aforesaid & every Of them According to the 
Laws of England & the Laws of the Said Province, And to Doe & 
Execute All Other things in the Said Citty Libertyes and Precints 
Aforesaid Soe fully & in Ample Manner as to y^ Commissions Assigned 
& to be Assigned for y^ Keeping of y^ Peace in y*= Said County of New 
Yorke doth or may belong. And Moreover. I doe 
Time of Choos- by these Presents for & on the behalf of his Most 
ing Alderman Sacred Majesty aforesaid in his Heirs & Successors 
Assistants &c: Appoint, that y^ Aldermen Assistants High Con- 
stable & Petty Constables within the Said Citty be 
yearly Chosen on y? feast day of St Michael the Arch Angell for ever. 
(Viz*) one Alderman, one Assistant, & one Constable for each 
Respective Ward, & one Constable for each Division in the Outward in 
Such Publique place in the S? Respective Wards as y? Aldermen for y? 
time being in each Ward Shall Direct & Appoint 
Manner of Choosing And that y? Alderman Assistants & Petty Con- 
stables be Chosen by Majority of Votes of y? 
Inhabitants of each Ward And that y^ High Constable be Appointed by 
y^ Mayor of y^ Said Citty for y? time being : and that y^ Chamberlaine 
Shall be yearly Chosen on y^ Said feast day in y^ Said Citty Hall of y* 
Said Citty by yf Mayor and Aldermen & Assistants or by the Mayor or 
three of y*^ Aldermen or or more & three or more of y? Assistants of y? 
Said Citty for y^ time being And I doe by these Presents Constitute and 
Appoint the Said John West to be Present Town Gierke, & Gierke of y® 
Peace & Gierke of y^ Court of Pleas to be holden before the 
Mayor Recorder and Aldermen within the Said Citty & Liberties and 
Precincts thereof. And further [8i] I doe by these Presents for 
and on the behalf of his most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid His Heirs and 
Successors require and Strictly Gharge And Command that the 
Sheriff Town Gierke of y? Peace High Constable Petty Constables & 
all other Subordinates officers in y^ Said Citty for the time being & 
every of them Respectively Joyntly and Severally as Gause Shall re- 
quire Shall attend vpon y^ Said Mayor Recorder & Aldermen of y* 
Said Gitty for y? time being & every or any of them According to the 
Duty of their Respective Places in and About y? Executeing of Such 
the Gommands, Precepts Warrants & Process of them & every of 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



301 



them as belongeth & Appertaineth to be done or Executed. And y\ y^ 
Aforesaid Mayor Recorder and Aldermen and Every of them as 
Justices of y^ Peace for the time being by their or any of their Warrants 
all and every Person and Persons for High Treason or petty Treason 
or for Suspition thereof or for Other Fellonies Whatsoever And ail 

Malefactors or Disturbers of y^ Peace, or Other offendors 
Power to or Misdemeanors who shall be Appointed within the said 
Committ Citty or Liberties thereof, May Send & Committ or Cause to 
Offend^? be Sent And Committed to the Common Goale of y* Said 

Citty there to Remaine And be Kept In Safe Custody by y? 
Keeper of y^ said Goale or his Deputy for the time being untill such 
offendor & offenders shall Lawfully be Delivered thence. And I doe 
by these Presents for and on y? behalf of his Most Sacred Majesty 
aforesaid His Heirs & Successors Charge & require the Keeper & 
Keepers of y* Said Goale for y^ time being And his & their Deputy 
& Deputies to receive, take & in Safe Custody Keep All And Singular 
Such Person And Person [s] Soe Apprehended or to be Apprehended 
Sent And Committed to the said Goale by Warrant of y^ Said Justices 
or any of them as Aforesaid untill he & they Soe sent and Committed 
to y? Said Goale shall from thence be Delivered by Due Course of Law. 
And further I doe Grant and Confirme for & on the behalf of his Most 
Sacred Majesty Aforesaid His Heirs & Successors that y^ Said Mayor 
of y* Said Citty for y^ time being And noe Other (According to the 
Usage And Practice Accustomed In the Said Citty of New Yorke in 
the times of my Predecessors the Several Lieutenant Governours And 
Commanders in Chiefe of this Province) Shall have Power And 
Authority to Give & Grant Lycenses Annually under 
The Mayor the Publick Scale of y* Said Citty to All Tavern 
Impowered to Keepers, Inn Keepers Ordinary Keepers Victuallers 
Grant Lycences And all Publique Sellers of Wine strong=waters 
Syder Bear or Any other Sort of Liquors by re- 
taile within the Citty aforesaid, Manhattans Island, or the Liberties 
& Precincts thereof; And itt Shall And May be lawfull to And for y? 
Said ^layor of the said Citty for y? time being to Ask, Demand And 
receive for Such Lycense by him to be Given And Granted as Aforesaid 
Such Sume or Sums of money as he And the Person to whome Such 
Lycence Shall be Given And Granted Shall Agree for not exceeding 
the Sum of thirty Shillings for each Lycence. All which Money as 
by the said [82] Mayor Shall be Soe received Shall be used And 
Applyed to y^ Publique Use of y^ Said Mayor Aldermen And Common- 
ality of y? Said Citty of New Yorke And their successors without Any 



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302 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Account thereof to be rendered Made or Done to any of y? Lieutenants 
or Govern*"? of this Province for y^ time being or Any of their Deputies. 

And Know Yee that I for yf better Government 
Mayor Recorder & of y? Said Citty, & for y* Welfare of y* Said 
three of y^ Alder- Cittizens tradesmen & Inhabitants thereof doe 
men or Mayor & by these Presents for and on the behalf e of 
three of the Alder- his most Sacred Majesty His Heirs And Sue- 
men power to make cessors Give & Grant to yf Said Mayor Alder- 
Free Cittizens men And Commonality of y? Said Citty & their 

successors ; that y? Mayor Recorder & Aldermen 
or y? Mayor & any three or More of yf Aldermen for y® time being 
Shall from time to time And att all times hereafter have full Power And 
Authority under y? Common Scale to make Free Cittizens of y? Said 
Citty And Liberties thereof And noe Person or Persons whatsoever 
Other than Such free Cittizens, Shall hereafter use any Art Trade Mys- 
tery or Manual occupation within the Said Citty Liberties And Pre- 
cincts thereof Saveing in the times of Fairs there to be Kept, And 
dureing y? Continuance of Such Fairs onely. And in Case any Person 
or Persons whatsoever not being Free Cittyzens of y? Said Citty as 
Aforesaid Shall att Any time hereafter, use or exercise Any Art, trade, 
Mystery or Manual Occupation or Shall by himself themselves or 
others Sell or expose to Saile Any Manner of Merchandize or Wares 
whatsoever, by retaile In Any house Shop or place or Standing within 
y? Said Citty or y« Liberties or Precincts thereof, Noe Fair being then 
Kept in y? Said Citty And Shall persist therein After A Warneing to 
him or them Given or left by y^ Appointment of y^ Mayor of y^ said 
Citty for yf time being att y? Place or Places where Such Person or 
Persons Shall soe use or exercise Any Art, Trade, Mystery, or Manual 
Occupation or shall sell or expose to sayle any Wares or Merchandizes 

as Aforesaid by retaile, then itt Shall be Law full 
None to Trade by for y? Said Mayor of the Said Citty, for the 
retaile or use any time being to Cause Such Shop Windows to be 
Manual Occupation Shut upp, And Alsoe to Impose, Such reasonable 
without A Freedom Fine for Such offence not exceeding five pounds 

for evry respective offence And y^ Same Fine & 
Fines Soe Imposed, to Levey & take by Warrt under y* Common Scale 
of y? Said Citty for the time being by Distress and Sale of y? Goods 
& Chattells of y^ Person or Persons soe offending In y^ Premisses 
found within y? Liberties or Precincts of y? Said Citty rendring to the 
Party or Parties the Overplus or by Any other Lawfull ways or 
Means whatsoever. To y' onely use of y^ Said Mayor Aldermen and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 303 

Commonality of y? Said City of New Yorke [83] And their Successors 
without Any Account to be Rendred made or done to 
Who are to y^ Lieutenants, Governours or Commanders in Chiefe 
be made Free of this Province for y? Same : Provided that noe Per- 
son or Persons Shall be made Free as Aforesaid but 
Such as are his Majesties Natural born Subjects or Such as Shall first 
be Naturalized by Acts of Gen^ Assembly or Shall have Ordained letters 
of Denization under the hand of yf Lieutenant Governour or Com- 
mander in Chiefe for the time being And Scale of y? Province, And y? 
all Persons to be made Free as Aforesaid Shall and doe pay for y? Pub- 
lique use of the Said Mayor Aldermen & Commonality Such Sum & 
Sums of Money as heretofore hath been Used & accustomed to be paid 
& received on their being Admitted Freemen as Aforesaid, Provided itt 
is not exceeding the Sum of five Pounds, And Further I doe by these 
Presents for and on y^ behalf of his Most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid 
His Heirs And Successors Grant to y? Mayor Aldermen & Common- 
ality of y? Said Citty that they And theyr Successors be for Ever 
Persons Able and Capable, And Shall have Power to Purchase, have 
take And Possess In Fee Simple Lands, Tenements Rents and other 
Possessions within or without y^* Same Citty to them and their Suc- 
cessors for Ever ; As the Same Exceed not the 
Power to Purchase yearly \^alue of one Thousand Pounds ^ 
under one Thousand Annum; The Statute of Mortmaine, or Any 
pounds ^ An: Other Law to the Contrary Notwithstanding; 

And the Same Lands, Tenements, Heridita- 
ments And Premises or Any Parte thereof to Demise, Grant, Lease 
Sett Over, Assign And Dispose of Att their own Will And pleasure, 
And to make Sale And Accomplish Any Deed or Deeds Lease or 
Leases Evidences or writings for or Concerning the Same or Any 
parte thereof which Shall happen to be Made & Granted by y^ Said 
Mayor Aldermen & Commonality of y^ Said Citty for y^ time being. 
And Further I doe by these Presents for and on y^ Behalf of his most 
Sacred Majesty Aforesaid His Heirs & Successors Grant to the Said 
Mayor Aldermen And Commonality, that they 
Three Markett days and their Successors Shall And May for ever 
to be kept weekly hereafter hold and Keepe within the said Citty 
in every weeke of y^ year three Markett Days 
the one upon Tuesday the Other upon Thursday And y? Other upon 
Saturday weekly for Ever. And alsoe I doe by these Presents for and 
on the behalf of his most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid His Heirs And 
Successors Grant to y9 Mayor Aldermen And Commonality of the Said 



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304 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Citty that they and their Successors and Assigns Shall and May att 
Any time or times hereafter when itt to them Shall [84] Seem fitt 
and Convenient take in sell and make up And Lay out all and Singular 
the Land And Ground In And About the Said Citty Island Manhattans 
and the Same to build upon, or make use of in Any Other Manner or 
way as to them Shall Seem fitt as far into y? Rivers thereof, And that 
Encompass the Same, as Low Water marke Aforesaid ; And I doe by 
these Presents for and on the behalf of his most Sacred Majesty Afore- 
said His Heirs and Successors Give and Grant into y? Aforesaid 
Mayor Aldermen & Commonality of y^ Said Citty of New Yorke and 
their Successors; that they And their Successors Shall And may 
have hold & Keep within the Said Citty and Liberties & Precincts 

thereof in Every week in every year for Ever 
One Court of Com- upon Tuesday one Court of Common Pleas for 
mon Pleas to be all Actions of Debt Trespass upon y^ Case 
held weekly Detinue Ejectment And Other Personal Actions 

And y^ Same to be held before the Mayor 
Recorder And Aldermen and Aldermen or Any three of them whereof 
y^ Mayor or Recorder to be one who shall have Power to hear And 
Determine the same Pleas And Actions According to the Rules of y^ 
Common Law & Acts of Generall Assembly of y^ Said Province. And 
I doe by these Presents for And on y? behalf of his most Sacred 
Majesty Aforesaid his Heirs and Successors Grant to the Said Mayor 
Aldermen And Commonality of yf Said Citty and 
Confirmation of their Successors Shall have and Enjoy all the Privi- 
former Rights ledges Franchises and Powers that they have And 
vse or that any of their Predisessors att Any time 
within the Space of twenty years last past had tooke or enjoyed or 
Ought to have had by reason or under Pretence of any former Charter 
Grant, Prescription or any Other right Custom or Usage, Although 
the Same have been forfeited, lost or have been ill used or not used, or 
abused or discontinued Albeit they be not Particularly mentioned And 
that noe Officer shall disturb them therein under any Pretence what- 
soever, not onely for their future but their Present enjoyment 
thereof. Provided Allways that y? Said Priviledges Franchises and 
Powers be not Inconsistant with or repugnant to the 
A Saveing to Laws of his Majesty Kingdom of England or Other the 
the King and Laws of y^ Gen'^ Assembly of this Province, as Above- 
Governours said, And Saveing to his most Sacred Majesty Afore- 
said His Heirs And Successors & Assigns And the Lieu- 
tenants Governours & Commanders In Chiefe And Other Officers 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



305 



under him or them In Fort James In or by the Citty of New Yorke And 
in all the Liberties [85] Boundaryes extents & Priviledges thereof for 
y? Maintenance of y? Said Fort and Garrison there, All the right, use, 
title and Authority which they or any of them have had Used or ex- 
ercised there, And Alsoe one Messuage or Tenement next y* Citty Hall 
and one Messuage by the Fort Now in the Possession of Thomas Coker 
Gentleman, The Peice of Ground by y? Gate Called y^ Governours 
Garden & y« land without y* Gate Called y^ Kings Farme with y^ Swamp 
next to y* Said Land by y* fresh water, And Saveing, the Severall 
Rents Quitt Rents reserved due And Payable from Severall Per- 
sons Inhabiting within y* Said Citty & Island Manhattans by Ver- 
tue of former Grants to them Made & Given And Saveing to all Other 
Persons bodys Politique And Corporate their Heirs Successors and 
Assigns all Such right Title And Claime Possessions, Rents, Services^ 
Comons Emoluments Interest in And to any thing which is theirs (Save 
only the Franchises Aforesaid) In as Ample manner as if this Charter 
had not been Made. And Further I doe Appoint And declare that y? 
Incorporation to be founded by this Charter Shall not att any time 
hereafter doe & or suffer any thing by means whereof the Lands 
Tenements or Heridataments Stock Goods or Chattells thereof or in 
the hands Custody Possession of Any y^ Cittyzens of y* Said Citty^ 
Such as have been sett, Lett, Given Granted or Collected, to & for 
Pious & Charitable uses Shall be wasted or Misimployed Contrary to 
y^ trust or Intent of y^ founder or Giver thereof. And y* Such and noe 
other Construction Shall be made thereof then that which may 
most to Advantage, Religion, Justice & the Publick Good, And to Sup- 
press all Acts & Contrivances to be Invented or putt in use Contrary 
thereunto In Witj^ess I have Caused these Presents to be Entered in 
y^ Secretaries office. And y* Scale of y^ Said Province to be hithereto 
affixed this seaven and twentieth day of April In the Second year of y? 
Reign of his most Sacred Majesty Aforesaid And in the year of our 
Lord one thousand Six hundred and Eighty six 

Signed TrroMAS Dongan 

[86] Recorded in the Secritary's Office for the Province of New 
Yorke in litJ. N? i : book of Pattents begim 1684 from Page 278 to 309 

^ J: Spragg Seer. 



Vol. I.— 20 



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3o6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

May itt Please your Honour 
The Attorny Generall hath perused this 
Pattent and finds Nothing Contained there- 
in prejudicial to his Majesties Interest 

Recorded & Examined by y? 
Original 

Wilt Sharpas O. 



[87] Citty of 1 ^^ Att a Common Council held att y^ Citty 



:itty of } , 
N : Yorke j *^'^' Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday y^ I2*? 

day of January Ann. Dom 1692 [-3] 

Present Abraham D Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
William Beeckman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkin 
Garratt Dow 

Ebenezar Wilson r\ 

Theunis D Key 
Stephen D Lancy 
Johannes Vande Spregel f 



-/ 



>- Aldermen 



Assistants 



To His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Capt Generall 
and Governor in Chiefe over their Majesties Province of 
New York and y? Territories depending thereon in America, 
Vice Admirall of y? Same &c: 

The Humble Adress of the Mayor 
Aldermen and Common Council of the Citty 
of New York held att att the Citt>' Hall of 
y^ Said Citty this 12*^ day of January 

SlIEWETH ^^^t-3] 

May itt Please your Excellency 

The Mayor Aldermen & Assistants of this Citty Convend in Com- 
mon Council in all humble and dutifuU Acknowledgement of your 
Excellencies great favours in promoteing the Generall good of this 
Citty, and more Especially by Encourageing the building of A bridg 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 307 

att Spikendevil, which being now under their Serious consfderation doe 
find that itt cannott be well Accomplished without A great Charge, 
unto this Citty, which att present they are not Soe Capable to Defray ; 
And understanding that Frederick Phillips ESq'" will undertake to build 
A Bridg att the Said place for y^ conveniency of all Travellers & 
Droves of Cattell, Att A moderate and reasonable Toll; they doe 
therefore humbly pray your Excellency that if the said M^ Phillips 
[88] will undertake in one years time to build A good and Convenient 
draw bridg for the passage of all Travellers, Droves of Cattell, & 
passage of Carts & Waggons, for the Toll of one penny ffor each neat 
Cattell, and two pence for each man and horse, and twelve pence for 
each Score of Hogs & Sheep, & Six pence for each Cart & Waggon 
that Shall pass thereon, that he may have the preference, of their 
Majesties Grant for the same, being by having A bridg built there the 
benefitt Accrueing to this Citty which Shall ever be Acknowledged as 
great A favor to this Citty as if they were really possessed of the Same, 
all which is humbly submitted by your Excellencys most 

Dutifull Servants 

A : D Peyster 

James Graham 
Ebenezar Wilson WilUam Beeckman 

Theunis D Key William Merritt 

Stephen D Lancy Johannes Kipp 

Johannes Vande Spregel Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkin 

Garratt Dow 

Ordered that Colt Monviele, pay unto Ebenezar Wilson Treasurer 
of this Citty the Sum of twelve pounds two Shilings & Seven pence J4 
Curr! money of New York out of y? Effects, of James Nicolas Other- 
wise Petit Bois formerly in his hands being for the like Value, 
disbursted for his Support, & maintenance during the time of his late 
Indisposition & Sickness and y* he place the Same to his Account. 

Ordered that Augustus Grassett Weighmaster of this Citty be re- 
leased from his farm and be allowed A Sallery of fourty five pounds 
^Ann. and that he be Secured from y? molestation of Colt Bayard 
and y\ Mr Mayor Examine into y? matter and make Report thereof to 
his Conveniency. 

[89] Ordered that Alderman Merritt, Alderman Kipp and M^ Wil- 
son or any two of them, doe Agree with Some person or persons, for 



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3o8 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



the building of wharfes and Slips, in the Smiths fly according to the 
Cittys Agreement, for those which are to be effected by the Citty, and 
for y? paymt thereof to draw upon the Treasurer. 

Ordered that Alderman Merritt & Johannes Vande Spregel be 
Overseers of y? poor for three monthes and that they draw upon y? 
Treasurer, what Shall be Allowed for y? relief of y? Said poor. 



Citty of j 
N:Yorke' 



SS 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* Said Citty on Wensday y* 
i^\ day of Feb: Ann Dom 92 [-3] 

Abraham D Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqf Recorder 

William Beeckman 

William Merritt 

Johannes Kipp 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkin 

Garratt Dow 

Ebenezar Wilson 

Theunis D Key 

Stephen D Lancy 

Johannes Vande Spregel 

Arian Van Schaick 



Aldermen 



Assistants 



Order'd that Alderman Merritt Alderman Darkin M'^ Wilson & M*" 
D Key be A Committee to take A Generall Vieu off this Citty whereby 
they may be Certain what Streets, lanes, Alleys &c: of the Said Citty 
wants paveing and make Report thereof to the next Common Council. 

Complaint being made that Jacob Teller and Leonard Huger In- 
habitants of this Citty were digging of Holes, and Setting up A Fence 
in the High way and Street of this Citty before the door of M*" Van 
Broughan. 

[90] Orderd, y* Alderman Darkin & M^ Wilson goe upon the Prem- 
ises, and Vieu if any Such tresspass was A doing 

Alderman Darkin & Mr Wilson Report that they went upon jr? 
Premises, and found the abovesaid persons fixing two Posts in the 
Ground in the Said High way whereupon they warn'd them, to disist 
working any more which Accordingly they did. 

Order'd that Alderman Merritt Alderman Darkin Mr Wilson & M? 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



309 



D Key be A Colilittee to Inquire of y* Ancient Inhabitants of this Citty 
how long y* Said ground hath been Vacant & High ways belonging 
to y? Same and by what right or pretence any person lays Qaim to itt. 
and make Report thereof w*? all Conveniency. 

Ajoum'd till Saturday morning eight A Clock 



Citty of 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Att a Court of Record held att the 
Citty Hall of y* Said Citty on Saturday y^ 
4th day of February Ann. Dom. 1692 [-3] 



Present A : D Peyster ESq'" Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

William Beeckman 

William Merritt 

Johannes Kipp ;y Aldermen 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkin 

Ebenezar Wilson 

Theunis D Key 

Stephen D Lancy ^Assistants 

Arian Van Schaick 

Johannes Vande Spregel 

Ordered that y? Recorder draw up an Ordinance for the paving of 
the Streets, according to y? Report of y? Committee with Such suitable 
Clauses for y« effectual doing thereof as Shall Cause the Said paving 
to be totally performed by the first of August next 
[91] Order'd that the Gentlemen of y? Committee Appointed to en- 
quire how long the Ground, before M^ Van Broughans door, hath 
been Vacant & High ways ; doe draw up A Particular Report thereof, 
and make return thereof to the next Common Council. 

Order'd that y? Recorder draw up an Address to his Excellency to 
desire their Majesties grant of Confirmation of the Charter of this 
Citty, together with y* Ancient priviledges ; That y« Mayor for y« time 
being may be Qerk of y* Markett, Water Bayly and Coroner, & that 
Boulting of flower, & baking of bread for transportation, may be 
Confin'd to the Citty only as formerly. 

Adjournd till Wensday morning att eight A Clock. 



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3IO 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty of 
NiYorke 



SS 



Present 



. Aldermen 



>- Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* Said Citty on Wensday y* 
8*^ day of February Ann. Dom. 1692 [-3] 

A : D Peyster ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESq^ Recorder 

William Beeckman 

William Merritt 

Johannes Kipp 

Brandt Schuyler 

Garratt Dow 

Ebenezar Willson 

Theunis D Key 

Stephen D Lancy 

Arian Van Schaick 

Orderd y\ Major Merritt & Mr Wilson doe forthwith wait upon his 
Excellency the Governor, and acquaint him that y? Mayor Recorder 
Aldermen & CoTTTonality of this Citty, are now att y? Citty Hall, and 
waits his Excellency's leasure, when they may present an Address to 
him in the behalf of y? Said Citty. 

[92] Ordered that no beef or pork be Shipped of out of this port, 
but what Shall be repacked, by the Sworn Packers of this Citty, 
and that they put their mark, to noe beef or pork, but what Shall be 
good and wholesome meat, fitt for Transportation untill the Size of 
Cask be lawfully established ; 

Court Adjourn'd till to morrow morning 8 of y? Clock 



Citty 
N:Yorke 



of) 
rkej 



SS 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Thursday 
y? 9^!? day of February Ann. Dom. 1692 [-3] 

A: D Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqF Recorder 
William Beeckman 
William Merritt 
Johannes Kipp 
Brandt Schuyler 
Garratt Dow 
Eben^wezer Wilson 
Theunis D Key 
Johannes Vande Spregel 
Arian Van Schaick 



>- Aldermen 



j^ Assistants 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 311' 

This day the Mayor Recorder Aldermen and Assistants, above men- 
tioned went from the Citty Hall to the Fort, and presented his Excel- 
lency the Governor with the following Address. 

To his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Cap*. Gen^ and Governor in 
Chief e over their Majesties Province of New York and the Territories 
depending thereon in America Vice Admirall of y? Same ; 

[93] The Humble Adress & Petition of the 

Mayor Recorder Aldermen and Commonal- 
ity of this their Majesties Citty of New 
York Convend in Common Council. 



Sheweth 



May ITT PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENCY. 



As A greater Blessing Could not Come to this Tate languishing 
Province then that most gracious favour, of their Majesties, in Con- 
stituting your Excellency their Lieutenant here. Soe in most humble 
Acknowledgment thereof, wee the Representatives of their Majesties 
Ancient Corporation of this their Province, doe with all Submission 
presume to Acquaint your Excellency that as itt has been the Sentiments 
of all your Excellencys Predecessors the Respective Governors of this 
their Maj*? Province as well as the Interest of the Crown That 
Trafique and Comerce, (the foundation of Riches as well as the increase 
and Support of Empire) Should be Singularly Encouraged att this 
place; (which by its Natural Scituation is Convenient for trade & Navi- 
gation) They were therefore pleased to publish and bestow, many 
Priviledges & Franchises upon Such as would come, Settle & Inhabitt 
here, for the propagation & Increase of trade & Comerce which gave 
Incouragement to the Inhabitants of of this Citty, to Transport them- 
selves from their Native Country, hoping thereby to Advance y? Inter- 
est of the Crown, and increase Trafique & Navigation, the easiest and 
Convenient Suport of Dominion, all States & Empires having flourished 
under its Improvem! Whereupon the Inhabitants of this their Majesties 
Citty were Induced with uncessant Labour, great Charge & expence, to 
enrich this barren soile, & Supply Some naturall defects thereof, with 
Art & Industry, for the Suitable Accommodation of trade and Shipping, 
not doubting but this their [94] Endeavors, would have Convinced, 
all the Other Inhabitants, of this Province, (who have had great Ad- 
vantage, by the Improvement of this Citty) that what has been done, & 
Invented by the Cittizens of this Citty was for y* Publick and Common 



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312 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

gfood, of the whole Province as well as for the Advancemt and Interest 
of the Crown. 

But may itt Please your Excell^ 

This Citty noe Sooner began to make A figure in trade, and grow in 
Reputation beyond y? Seas, but itt became the envy of our Adjacent 
Neighbours who did not cease by all their litle Artifices to Interupt our 
trade but also did reproach us with many false Sugestions, which 
together with the Insinuations of particular persons, for their own 
private Lucre & gain, did procure Considerable branches of the Gov- 
ernment to be lopped off; and Still not Contented, with that. Devastation 
were restless, untill wee were Swallowed up, by that unhappy Annexa- 
tion to New England, whereby our Traffique not only drooped, but all 
that was dear and Valuable amongst us wholly destroyed that Ignorance 
which did then Spread itt Self, throughout the Province, hath Since 
dropped Some Seeds, which now begin to Sprout again who will not 
be Contented with any thing. Except all the Principles of trade be 
reduced to Confusion, and every Planters Hutt, throughout the Prov- 
ince becon e A Markett for flower & biskett, (the only Staple Com- 
modity of; ^ Province.) and on which the whole trade & Revenue doth 
depend, fo; that purpose May itt Please your Excellency, they have 
Sett up bolting Mills in the Country in Contempt of former Orders 
Restraining y^ Same, and have Commenced Suits att Law against the 
Citty officers for ascertaining the Rights thereof, which hath been A 
long time depending att the Supream Court, and after long Considera- 
tion and Advicem*. of y^ Judges, thereupon, att last [95] declared in 
favour of the Citty, only the Submission of their Opinion to the 
Government ; Now may itt please your Excellency, many Proffitts and 
great Advantages hath allways Accrued, to the whole Province by the 
Improvements & Industry, of the Citty, & particularly the whole Income 
of the Revenue, doth Cheifly Rely upon the trade thereof, besides y^ 
fifth part of the Charge of the whole Province & often y? fourth has 
been paid by this Citty during this Present Warr. all which will Cer- 
tainly Sink if y* Cittizens be Interrupted in the enjoyment of their 
former Franchises, and Priviledges; Itt being Impossible by any Art 
or Invention of man for this Citty to Support itt Self, & maintain its 
Inhabitants, Except by trade and Comerce, which were the Causes of 
its foundation and the possession thereof, together with all Such Privi- 
ledges, and vsages needfull, for their Support hath allways been 
Ratified and Confirmed, by the Respective Governors, your Excellencys 
Predecessors. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 313 

May itt Please your Excellency. 

In the deep Sense of your Excellencys great affections to the Interest 
of the Crown, which is now poss[e]ssed, by their most Excellent Ma- 
jesties, who have thought nothing to dear unto them, to restore Eng- 
lish Liberty from the late Incroachments ; and having att the helm of 
their Government here, y'" Excellency, A person soe Eminent in their 
favour and who Studys nothing more, then to Imitate them, in their 
Prowess and Vertue ; Wee have therefore not the least doubt, but with 
all humility presume to prostrate our Selves, and Supplicate your Ex- 
cellency that as you are there Majesties Vice Gerant here, and thereby 
the fountain of Justice goodness and Equity; that your Excellency 
would be pleased, to take, the decaying State, of this afflicted Citty into 
your favourable Consideration, and become their effectual Patron & 
Protector, under whose Influence itt Can only flourish. 

Yr Excellencys Pet*"? do therefore humbly pray 

[96] That yr Excellency would be pleased to 

Order their Majesties Grant of Confirma- 
tion of their Charter, and that y? Sole & 
only bolting of flower, & biskett for Trans- 
portation, may be Confirm'd to this Citty as 
formerly and that y? Mayor for y? time 
being, be hereafter Coroner, Gierke of the 
Markett, & water Bayliffe, of the Said 
Citty together with Such Other Priviledges, 
& Usages needfull as in other their Majes- 
ties Corporations in England is held & 
Injoyed. 

And your Excellencys pet. as in duty bound Shall ever pray. 

Abraham D Peyster 
James Graham 
William Beeckman 
Ebenezar Wilson William Merritt 

Theunis D Key Johannes Kipp 

Stephen D Lancy Brandt Schuyler 

Jqhan : Vande Spregel Robert Darkin 

Arian Van Schaick. Garratt Dow. 



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314 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty 
NrYorke 



of) 
rke] 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the said Citty on Saturday y* 
ii^l* day of February Ann. Dom. i692[-3] 



Present 



L Aldermen 



Assistants 



A : D Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqJ Recorder 

William Beeckman 

William Merritt 

Garratt Dow 

Ebenezar Wilson 

Theunis D Key 

Stephen D Lancy 

Johannes Vande Spregel 

Thomas Clarke 

[97] Ordered that Alderman Merritt & Mr Wilson Audite y« Accounts 
& Vouchees of y? Constables, and make Report thereof with y? first 
Conveniency. 

Order'd that y? Recorder draw up an Adress to their Majesties, 
Representing the Steps, His Excellency has made, for the quiet of this 
Government, Since his Arrival. 

The following Ordinance was this day Published att the Citty Hall 
after y^ Ringing of three bells, and Order'd to be Recorded. 



Citty of 
NiYorke 



SS 



An Ordinance of the Mayor Recorder 
and Aldermen & Assistants Convent in 
Common Council for the paveing of yf 
Streets, Lanes & Alleys within this Citty. 

Forasmuch as the former Orders made for y? paving of the Streets, 
within this Citty Hath of late been much neglected, whereby the Citti- 
zens & Soejourners within tlie Citty are much Anoyed, and y^ Inter- 
course of trade amongst the Inhabitants, thereby much Lessned; for 
Regulation whereof. The Mayor Recorder Aldermen & Assistants 
Convent in Comon Council att the Citty Hall of y^ Said Citty doe by 
these Presents Ordain, and itt is hereby Ordained that all and every 
y^ Freeholders & Inhabitants that live within this Citty in the Respect- 
ive Streets, lanes & Alleys hereinafter named & Expressed, Shall after 
the publication hereof and before the first day of August next ensueing, 
well and truly pave or Cause well and truly to be paved, with good 
& Sufficient peeble Stones, Suitable for paving att their own proper 
Costs & Charges, Soe much of the Streets, Lanes and Alleys, herein- 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 315 

after named as Shall Front the Respective buildings & Letts of 
Ground, that belongs to them respectively in the Streets, Lanes, and 
Alleys hereafter named as Aforesaid According to the Dimensions, 
quantity & proportion hereafter mentioned. (That is to say) there 
Shall be paved [98] In manner aforesaid, in the Street Commonly 
Commonly Called y^ bridge Street begining att the Corner house, of 
Lukas Kiersie unto the house of Peter D Lanoy, ten foot english 
measure from y* Front of each house into the Street. The whole Street 
from Peter D Lanoys, to the middle of the broad Street, by Farmers, 
from I^Ir Cortlandts Corner house, to the Citty Hall ten fooTTIfrom 
t:ie Citty Hall to Martin Clocks ten foot; from Ditto Corner to the 
Mayors Inclusive ten foot, from M*"? Le wise's down to the Citty Gate, 
and Soe up to the Comer of the broad Street, and Soe down to the 
Comer of Albert Rings ten foot, the whole Church Street, the west 
Side of the broad Street from Jacob Mouneys up to Ben Devalls ten 
foot, that y? broad way be paved on both Sides ten foot, down to Mr 
Smiths on one Side, and to Lukas Kiersie's on the other, and that y? 
beaver Street be put in good repair ten foot on both Sides, that the 
Street going down from the Mayors to Walkingtons be wholy paved. 
That the Street going to the french Church be wholy pav'd. that Pearl 
Street be put in good repair, and Soe pav'd down to white Hall ten 
foot, that the Street that Hull lives in be wholy pav'd. And that Eaght 
Jans, in the broad Street pave wholy before her door. And that all y* 
pav'd Streets, of this Citty be put in good and Sufficient repair. And 
for the more Regular paving of the Respective Streets, Lanes, & Alleys 
Aforesaid, itt is hereby Ordained that an Alderman & one Assistant in 
each Respective Ward, within yf Said Citty Shall Supervise & Allott 
y? quantity of each Respective pavement aforesaid, & direct that they 
be regularly done, & Accomplished within y? time aforesaid ; and duely 
levelled, with proper descents for water Course, without Anoyance to 
one or Other. And Itt is hereby further Ordained that if any Cittizen 
Inhabitant, or Freeholder as Aforesaid Shall refuse, delay or neglect, 
to make his or their proportionable Pavement, before their buildings, 
& lotts of Ground [99] As Aforesaid, within y* time Aforesaid, Shall 
for Such his Default, forfeit the Sum of twenty Shit : Currt money, to 
be levyed by distress upon the goods & Chattells, of Such Defaulter 
the one half to the Informer, and the other half to the Treasurer, for 
the use of the Citty; and that the Pavements, Aforesaid may be the 
more effectually done within the time limited as Aforesaid ; be itt fur- 
ther Ordained that if Any Person or Persons Shall after Such their 
Default as Aforesaid, further neglect, refuse or delay, to make their 



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3i6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

proportionable Pavements as Aforesaid, then and in Such Case, the 
Alderman and Assistant of the Respective Ward, where Such neglect 
or Delay Shall happen. Shall take Care to provide Stones, and Other 
things nessessary for the Said Pavement, and Cause the Same to be 
Speedily done, and the Amount of the Same Shall be levyed, upon the 
goods & Chattells of Such further defaulter untill the Same be Satis- 
fyed, together with y? Costs & Charges, that Shall arise thereon and 
A reasonable allowance, to the Said Alderman & Assistant, for their 
attendance, thereon, and all the Respective Cittizens, Inhabitants & 
Freeholders, are hereby required to render an intire Complyance 
Accordingly. 

A D Peyster Ebenezar Wilson 

James Graham Theunis D Key 

William Beeckman Stephen D Lancy 

William Merritt Tho Clarkes 

Garerd Dow John: Vande Spregel. 

On Tuesday y5 fourteenth day of February the following Adress, to 
the Kings Most Excellent Majesty was Presented, to his Excellency y? 
Governor, humbly begging his favour, to forward y? Same by the first 
Conveniency. 

[loo] To THE Kings Most Excellent Majesty 

The Humble Address of y^ Mayor Re- 
corder, Aldermen & Commonality of your 
Majesties Cit>' & Corporation of New York 
in America. 

Most Gracious Soveraigne. 

In the deepest Sense, of the Manifold blessings and mercies be- 
stowed, upon our Nation by the Almighty God, who hath only raised 
your most Sacred Majesty, to be his glorious Instrument, for the 
Redemption, of Your people, who were lately groaning, under the Yoak 
of popery, and the growth of french Tyranny. Wee find itt A Duty In- 
cumbent upon us, with all humility and thankfullness to Acknowledge 
3'our Majesties wonderfuU goodness, in delivering our Nation, from 
that Tyranny and bondage, of the glorious effects whereof, this your 
Majesties Citty is not A litle Sharer, being now very Sensible of that 
Signall Testimony of your Royall favour in takeing us Soe Soon under 
your princely notice and care, by Constituting Cott Fletcher, A Gen^ 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



317 



of pious life, to be your Majesties Governor over us who Since his 
Arrival, hath laid Aside all other thoughts, but the true Advancement 
of your Majesties Interest, and tho he found great divisions amongst 
us, occasioned by frivolous heats and dissentions, yet by his Inde- 
faticable diligence, & great temper, he very Speedily Allay'd them, and 
reduced, the Subjects, to Soe great Calmness and good Order, that 
they were wholy Convinced, that nothing Could be more, their duty, 
then to Unite & Support yF Majesties Government over them ; where- 
upon that there might be A perfect Oblivion, of all former Animosities, 
he passed by all Respect to persons, or factions, and prefered without 
distinctions, Such persons, of moderate Spiritts to the Chiefest Stations 
in tlie Civil & Military Government, these Steps proved Soe effectual, 
as to increase Unity and love [loi] Amongst your Majesties Subjects; 
And being in the full enjoyment thereof, wee were not A little Sur- 
prized, when on A Sudden A Spark of fire broak out, likely to reduce 
your Majesties Government into Confusions Again Many of the late 
disturbers, begining to fall back and coole in their Affections to your 
Majesties Interest, His Excellencies Vigilence did Soon discover the 
Cause, and found the Coals of Dissention were blown up by S^ William 
Phipps, A person who ought to have had more Regard, to the dignity 
of the Character he bears by your Majesties favour, but laying that 
duty aside, degenerates from his Alleigance, and Setts his Emissarys 
att work to Allienate y* Affections of your Majesties Subjects from 
their duty to your Majesty, Reflecting upon your Majesties Govern- 
ment, Established here, by your Majesties Authority, and Insinuateing 
by the Libells Sent Amongst the Ignorant people, that the Legall 
proceedings, made by your Majesties authority in this Province, Since 
your Majesties happy Accession to the Crown, were of noe force, and 
that other Tumultuous Acts, would be Justified by your Majesty, bor- 
rowing your Majesties Sacred name, to Cover his turbulent designs, 
that he might with the greater ease, blow up the Coals of Rebellion 
Amongst us all your Majesties dominions upon this Main of America 
being likely to Share, in the consequence of Such disorders. 

Wee therefore most dread Soveraigne from the true Affection & 
Alleigance, that wee Indispencibly owe, unto your Sacred Majesty 
Presume that wee Cannot without failure of our duty, but Lay att y^ 
Majesties Feet, this our Adress, & Representation of our Present State, 
have therefore Supplicated his Excellency, your Majesties Captain 
Generall, yt he would give us Liberty to make this dutifull Application, 
unto your most Sacred Majesty ; Soe Most Gracious Soveraigne, whilst 
your most Sacred person is Ingaged in Asserting the Interest of God 



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3i8 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



and your people, by Subdueiiii:;: tJie Enemy of Christendom, Wee 
humbly pray that your Sacred [102] Majesty, would rest Assured, with 
Intire Confidence that wee your Majesties most dutiful! and Loyall Sub- 
jects, The Cittizcns of this your Majesties Citty will all ways with our 
lives and fortunes appear in your ^Majesties defense & y^ Vindication 
of your Majesties Authority, against the opposition of all your Majes- 
ties Enemies, whatsoever, and to that ever blessed and all powerfull 
God, who has Inspired your Majesty to bring his glorious purposes, to 
pass, wee offer up our most humble and unfeigned prayers for your 
Majesties long life and prospe[r]ous Success, against all your Majesties 
Enemies, and that your Majesty may be all ways protected by him, 
Shall be the dayly prayers, of Your Majesties 

Most dutifull and most Loyall Subjects 



Abraham D Peyster 
James Graham 
Stanley Handcock 
William Beeckman 
William Merrett 
Johannes Kip 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkin 
Garrerd Dow 



Theunis D Key 
Ebenezar Wilson 
Thomas Clarkes 
Stephen D Lancy 
Arian Van Schaick 
Johannes Vande Spregel 
Will Sharpas 



Citty of ) gg 
New York j 



Att a Supreme Court of Judicature 
held att y? Citty Hall of y? Citty of New 
Yorke y^ first Tuesday of Octob^ 1692 and 
Continued by Severall Adjournments, to 
Wensday yf 12'^ of y? Said Month. 

Lyndall "\ The Judges are of Opinion that itt hath been y* 

Ver LSS Usage, and Practice of y^ Citty of New York in all 
Schuyler J times past, Since the place was setled, to have y* 

priviledge of bolting, baking, & packing. 
That y* Said Usage and Practice, hath been asserted [103] and Sev- 
eral! Orders of the Mayor Aldermen & Common Council, Inhibiting 
the bringing in of flower or bread from y? Other parts of y? Territory. 
That y? Said Usage and Practice hath been by Severall Governors, 
of this Province, while itt was in tlie hands of his Royal Highness the 
Duke of York affirmed and Strenghtned by their Severall Procla- 
maC5n. That thereupon the Citty Hath been much increased with 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



319 



Inhabitants, by the Manufactores of y^ Said flower, bread and 
Cask &c : 

That y* Reputation of yt trade is thereupon well Advanced, which 
will be Again hazarded, and difficult to be Inspected into, and Secured 
if Otherwise disposed off, And the Said Manufacterers left without 
Imployment ; but itt being A Matter proper to be directed by the Gov- 
ernment, Itt is left to advisement to the next terme, that itt may be 
Inspected and Ordered by the Government. 

A true Coppy 

David Jamison, 

D : SeCTy : 



Citty 
N.Yorkc 



of) 
rkcj 



SS 



Present 



y Aldermen 



[104] 



>* Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Thursday 
y* 30^^ day of March Ann. Dom. 1693 

Abraham D Peyster ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESql Recorder 

Witt Beeckman 

Wilt Merritt 

Johannes Kipp 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkin 

Gerrard Dow 

Ebenezer Wilson 

Theunis D Key 

Stephen D Lancy 

Johan : Van Spregel 

Alderman Merrett Mf Wilson and Mf D Key being the Committee 
Appointed to enquire how long the Ground before Mr Van Broughans 
door in this Citty hath been Vacant and High ways make the following 
Report (Viz) Cott Nicolas Bayard declares that for thirty years past 
there hath been noe fence or any thing in that nature about the Said 
Ground but that itt hath allways been Vacant and High ways for the 
use of the Citty. 

Colt Cortlandt the Same 

Mr Lawrence affirms y? Same for fourty years past 

Corston Lewerson for thirty nine years 

Mr Van Broughan fourty Six years 

M*? Van Broughan fifty Six years 

Adjourned till two A Clock in y? Afternoon 



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32 o MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Common Council mett and Adjourned till to morrow morning ten 
A Qock 

Common Council mett on Friday att ten 
a Clock in y? forenoon. 

The Accounts of Cott Bayard & Augustus Grassett Weighmaster 
of this Citty prefer'd to this board and Order'd that Alderman Schuyler 
Alderman Darkin Mr Wilson and Mr D Key Doe Audite the Same and 
make Report thereof by the first Conveniency. The Account of Ml 
James Graham presented to this board for his Service as a Representa- 
tive of this Citty in Generall Assembly Amounting to thirty one 
pounds 

Order'd that Mr Wilson Treasurer of this Citty doe pay the Said 
Account. 

[105] Order'd that if any matter or Suit att Law relating to this Citty 
be Commenced att the next Supream Court of Judicature that the 
Lawyers formerly Retained by the Citty be feed as formerly to Defend 
the Same. 

Ordered that M^ James Evetts be a Surveyor of this Citty with 
Adolph Peterson in the place of Peter King. 

Upon the Petition of the Heires of Govert Lockerman deceased 
Concerning the Ground Opposite Mr Van Broughans door in this Citty. 

Ordered that Alderman Beeckman Alderman Merrett Alderman 
Dow Mr Wilson and M^ D Key or any four of them be a Committee to 
Vieu the Ground in Controversie and to Continue the Streets to the 
former breadth of fourty foot and that they take to their Assistance the 
Surveyor Generall who is to lay out the Same and make A Draught 
thereof and return y^ Same under their hands to the Mayor by Tuesday 
next. 

Ordered that M^ Clapp be pound Keeper of y^ Bowry and that he 
take for each horse and neat Cattell Impounded nine pence & for evry 
Sheep one penny and Also that he have four pence half penny ^ 
Diem for food for each neat Cattell or horse he Shall Soe Impound. 

Ordered that Mr Eben : Wilson Treasurer of this Citty doe pay to 
English Smith Marshall of y^ Same three pounds one Shiling and nine 
pence being Cash by him Disbursted for fire wood &c : as Appears by 
His Account for the use of the Said Citty. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



321 



Ordered that M'" Wilson doe pay to Edward Graham of this Citty 
Carpenter y? Sum of one pound four Shilings as Appears by his 
Account for boards & worke &c : done in the Guard Room of this Citty 



[106] Citty of ) 
NrYorkej 



Att a Common Council held att y3 
Said Citty Hall of y$ Said Citty on Satur- 
day y^ 22^ day of April Ann. Dom. 1693 



Present 



A: D Peyster ESq^ 
William Beeckman 
William Merrett 
John Kipp 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkin 
Theunis D Key 
Stephen D Lancy 
John Van Spregel 



Mayor 



j^ Aldermen 



-Assistants 



Upon an Order of y? Governour & Council to the Mayor & Alder- 
men on y^ Petition of Sarah Burger y« Wittct. of John Shakerly late of 
this Citty deceased Concerning y? Ground leading to the Fortification 
Commonly Called Oyster Pasty, faceing to y? North River and Front- 
ing to y? Broad way of this Citty 

Ordered y\ Alderman Merrett Alderman Schuyler Mr Wilson & Mr 
D Key or any two or three of them be a Committee to Enquire what 
Ground will be proper to be reserved for a Passage or Lane for the 
use of the Citty and make Report thereof to the Next Common Council. 

George Heatchcoat of this Citty IVIarchant appeared in Common 
Council and declared that he hath relinquisht unto William Baker of y? 
Said Citty Mariner his Right of a Certain Lott of Ground bought of 
this Citty Scituate and being in the Smiths Fly Joyning to y? West 
Side of Kings Street being Fourty foot in breadth, and Soe down to 
Low water Marke. 

Upon y^ Petition of A : Teller Everdt Dychinck Lucas Thinehoven 
and other Inhabitants of the Dock Street of y? Said Citty Concerning 
Severall [107] Lotts of Ground bought from y? Citty. 

Order'd that James Evetts and Adolph Peterson Surveyors of this 
Citty doe Lay out y5 Lotts of Ground bought from } : Citty by the Said 
Inhabitants According to their Patents. 
Vol. I.— 21 



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322 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Upon Reading y? Patent of George Heathcoat for A Lott of Ground 
near the Slaughter house and Another on the East Side of Kings 
Street in this Citty. and Whereas his Patent extends but one hundred 
and fourty four foot each Lott in length ; Itt is Agreed that y? Said 
George Heathcoat Shall have the Rest of y? Land between the Said 
Lotts and Low water Marke, to Range even with y? Streets as they 
Shall be Laid out by the Surveyors, and that y^ Said George Heathcoat 
is to finish y^ Street or Wharfe Nov*^»^ next, under y^ like Penalties of 
the rest of y« Purchasers in y^ Smiths Fly and with them to have equal 
Priviledge. 

Ordkr'd y! y^ Treasurer doe pay to Mr Augustine Graham y? Sum 
of one pound ten Shilings being for Surveying and makeing A Draught 
of A Vacant piece of Ground Opposite to Mr Van Broughan's. 

Order'd that y? Treasurer pay to English Smith Marshall of this 
Citty the Sum of three pounds fifteen Shilings being for half years 
Sallcry ending the 14*** Instant. 

Ordered that y* Treasurer pay to William Sharpas Gierke of this 
Citty the Sum of Six pounds ten Shilings being for half years Sallery 
pen Ink & paper Recording y^ Charter and Alphabeting y* old Com- 
mon Council Booke. 



[108] Citty of ^^.^ Att a Common Council held att y^ 

N : Yorke j" Citty Hall of y? Sai I Citty on Thursday y? 

ii*t day of May 1^93 

Present A : D Peyster ESqf Mayor 

J"^" ^^PP, , I Aldermen 
Brandt Schuyler j 

Ebenezer Wilson S 
Teunis D Key l A " t 
Thomas Clarke [ 
Stephen D Lancy J 

Ordered that y^ Assize of bread be till further Order as foUoweth 
(Viz*) 

A White loaf of y? finest flower to weigh ten ounces for three half 
pence. 

A Wheaten loaf y^ Coursest bran only taken out & not otherwise 
to weigh three pounds for four pence half penny, and y* noe other bread 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



323 



for sale be made then what above specified. That all Bakers are here- 
by required to bake and to keep bread in their Shops that y^ Inhabitants 
may be supplyed, as they will Answer the Contrary. 

The Ordinance for paving the Streets is hereby Continued, Accord- 
ing to the former Publication. 



Citty of ) 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Saturday y? 
8*^ day of July Ann. Dom. 1693 



Aldermen 



[109] 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqJ Recorder 

Witt Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

John Kip 

Ebenezer Wilson 

Theunis D Key 

Thomas Clarke 

Stephen D Lancy 

John Vande Spregel 



} 



Assistants 



Ordered that y^ Treasurer doe pay in Course to John Coolley the 
Sum of twelve pounds Eleaven Shilings & Seaven pence, w*^? he hath 
Creditt for in y5 Citty books. 

Order'd yt y? Treasurer doe pay in Course to John Ellis of this 
Citty Joyner y^ Sum of Sixteen Shilings for worke done to y^ bridg 
as Appears by his Account. 

Order'd y\ y? Treasurer doe pay in Course to Hendrick Obe y? Sum 
of two pounds twelve Shilings being for y« Diet Attendance lodging 
&c : of Peter Chalk in y? time of his late Sickness, that y? Treasurer 
doe Sue the said Peter Chalk whenever he Shall be in Town for what 
Money the Citty hath laid out in the time of his Said Indisposure. 

Ordered yt Alderman Merrett AW. Kip & Mf D Key be a Committee 
to Vieu y? Criple bush adjoyning to Mr Jacobus Cortlandt's Land & 
make Report thereof to y? next Common Council. 

Order'd y! y? Mayor doe provide A Coat of y? Citty Livery w*? A 
Badg of y* Citty Arms, shoes & Stockings for y« Bellman, And Charge 
itt to y? Account of y5 Citty. 



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324 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

An Ordinance by y? Mayor Recorder 
Aldermen & Assistants Convened in Com- 
mon Council for y^ Ascertaining the 
Demensions of Caske & Regulateing the 
Abuses in the Tare of Flower. 
Whereas y? Trade & Navigation of this Citty hath of late been 
under great discouragement for want of haveing Ascertained proper 
Demensions in Caske for remedy whereof be itt [no] Ordained by y^ 
Mayor Aldermen & Assistants Convened in Common Council and by 
the Authority of y? Same that fourty days after yC Publication hereof 
all dry Caske that Shall be made within this Citty & used & Imployed 
for y^ Containing of Flower Biskett Pease cS:c : Shall be of y^ Demen- 
sions hereafter Specified (that is to say) Every hogdshead to have y? 
Demensions of fourty Inches long, thirty three Inches in y? Bulge, & 
twenty Seaven Inches in the head ; Every Tearse to have y^ Demensions 
of thirty Six Inches long, twenty seaven Inches in the Bulge, & twenty 
three Inches in y^ head. Every Barrel! to have y^ Demensions of thirty 
Inches long, twenty Six Inches in y^ Bulge. & twenty two Inches in y? 
head ; Every half Barrell to have the Demensions of twenty five Inches 
long twenty Inches In y^ Bulge & Sixteen Inches in the head. And all 
Coopers resideing within y^ Said Citty are hereby required to make such 
Caske as Shall be Imployed for the Containing of Flower, Biskett 
& Pease of yt Demensions Aforesaid & of Good & Sound Seasoned 
Timber & not Otherwise, under y^ Penalty of twenty Shilings. Curr^ 
Money of this Province for each Caske that Shall be Imployed as 
Aforesaid, And be of A Lesser or Greater Demension then what is 
hereby Ascertained, the one half to y^ Informer the Other half to y^ 
Citty to be Adjudged & Determined by the Mayor for y? time being, 
or any other Justice of Peace within y^ Same, and for Regulateing 
y*? Tare of y* Said Caske be itt further Ordained by the Authority 
Aforesaid that all Caske that shall be Imployed or used for y? Contain- 
ing of flower & biskett, Shall, before any of y^ Said Commodities be 
put therein, be truely weighed, and y^ Just weight & Tare thereof put 
by A Markeing Iron upon y^ head of Bulge of Each Caske Imployed 
as Aforesaid. And if itt Shall [ml Soe happen that y^ true Tare of 
y$ Said Caske Shall be of Greater weight than what is marked upon y? 
Same, that then y? person offending Shall for each offence forfeitt the 
Sum of twenty Shilings Curr*. Money Aforesaid, for the use Aforesaid, 
and to be recovered in Such manner as Aforesaid. And for preventing 
any further Fraud therein, be itt further Ordained by y^ Authority 
Afores? that all Bolters, Bakers, Packers or Vendors of flower & Biskett 



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.Aldermen 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 325 

within this Citty, Shall, before they Transport or Vend Such Com- 
modities put y? True Tare upon y? Caske as Aforesaid & likewise brand 
their Names upon the Said Caske before they either Vend or Transport 
y* Same, under y^ paine of forfeiture as Aforesaid to y^ use Aforesaid, 
& to be recouered as Aforesaid. Dated y^ tenth day of July in y* fifth 
year of their Majesties Raine Annoq Dom. 1693 

Abraham D Peyster Mayor. 
Published y? io*l» day of July Ann 1693 

Citty of ) ^.^ Att A Common Council held att y? Citty 

N : Yorke j Hall of y? Said Citty on Friday y? 14*^ day 

of July Ann. Dom. 1693 

Present A: D: Peyster ESq^^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Wilt Merrett 

John Kipp 

Brandt Schuyler 

Gerrard Dow 

Ebenezer Wilson ^ 

Theunis D. Key L Assistants 

John Van Spregel J 
Upon y^ Petition of John Aersoon Farmer of y? Ferry between this 
Citty & Island Nassau Complaining of his Rash & unadvised Agree- 
ment for yf Said Ferry att one hundred and fourty Seaven pounds ^ 
ann. A Rate (as y? Petition Setts forth) Above Its Reasonable Value; 
wherefore humbly desires y? favour [112] of y? Common Council in 
Abatement of the Said Agreement; Upon Consideration of y? Said 
Petition & that y^ Said person be Encouraged to hold his Term Itt is 
Order D y*. y^ Petitioner Shall only pay one hundred and fourty pounds 
Each year, for y? Rent of y? house and Ferry to Commence from 
y? twenty fifth day of June last past untill his Term be fully Compleated 
& Ended. 

Ordered y^ y? Recorder draw up an Address to Congratulate his 
Excellencies Safe return from Albany and to Acknowledge y? great 
Care yt he hath lately taken for yf Security of the whole Province 
whereby this Citty hath noe Small benefitt & yt y? Mayor doe Provide 
A Cup of Gold to y? Value of one hundred pounds to be presented unto 
his Excellency on y? behalf of this Citty as A token of their Gratitude 
for Soe Great favours As their Majesties has been pleased to bestow 
by Appointing his Excellency, A person of soe great Vigilence Prowess 
& Conduct, in Ruleing of us. 



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326 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty of 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Present 



Att A Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* Said Citty on Thursday y^ 
20^^ day of July Ann. Dom 1693 

A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Wilt Merrett ^ 

^Aldermen 



John Kipp 

Brandt Schuyler 

Gerrard Dow 

Ebenezer Wilson 

Theunis D Key L Assistants 

Arian Van Schaick J 

Pursuant to y* Order y^ last Common Council y^ Recorder brought 

in y* Address which was Read & Approved. 

Mr Mayor Reports that by y^ Direction of this Board he hath 

bought of Peter Jacobs Marius twenty Ounces of Gold for y^ Makeing 

of A Cup to be presented to his Excellency the Governor, which he hath 

delivered to Cornelius Vanderburgh to be made and y\ [113] He was 

Ingaged to pay unto y^ Said Peter Jacob Marius one hundred & Six 

pounds for which payment he and Some other Gentlemen hath Given 

their Bonds, he therefore desires An Order of this Board that A Fund 

may be Raised or Assigned for y? Payment of the Said Sum. 

Ordered y\ y? Revenue of yf Ferry which doth Annually Arise to 

be paid vnto y? Citty be not Converted vnto Any Other vse whatsoever 

vntill y* hundred And Six pounds be paid unto y^ Said Peter Jacob 

Marius. And for y? Effectual doeing thereof itt is further Ordered that 

y? Treasurer of this Citty Shall Receive the Quarterly Payments of >'^ 

Said Ferry, and pay the Same vnto y^ Said Peter Jacob Marius, Untill 

y? Said Sum of one hundred And Six pounds be fully Paid And 

Satisfied. 

To his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Capt Gen^ & 

Governour in Chief e of their Majesties Province of New 

Yorke, Province of Pensilvania Country of New Castle, 

Territories & Tracts of Land depending thereon in America 

Vice Admirall of the Same. 

The humble Address of y? Mayor 

Recorder Aldermen & Commonality of 

their Maj*'^^ Citty of New Yorke convened 

in Common Council! 

May itt Please your Excellency 

Wee the Mayor Recorder aldermen & assistants of this their 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



^ '> T 



Majesties Citty of New Yorke Convened in Common Council haveiii£^ 
in our Consideration the Great hapiness y*. has attended this Province 
in Generall And y^ Perticular Advantages that has Accrued to this 
their Majesties Citty & Corporation Since y? Auspicious day of your 
Excellencies [114] Arrival to Govern us, Cannot but with all thankful- 
ness Acknowledge, that Soe Great Benefitts hath onely proceeded from 
y? Unparaleird Vigilance, diligence and Conduct, of your Excellency ; 
Who has not been wanting in the most Dificult Seasons to Expose your 
Person to many Dangers, for their Majesties Service & y^ Safety of 
this Province, And being now wittnesses of y? Great pains Your Excel- 
lency hath lately taken Att Albany in Reduceing y? Indians (who were 
shakeing in their fidelity) to A perfect And firm Union vnto their 
Majesties Interest by which means the frontiers of this Province are 
not Onely Strenghtned but y^ Other Remote parts of the Government, 
freed from y? dayly Alarms And Incursions of y? Enemy. 

Wee therefore May itt please your Excellency in the Deepest Sense 
of Such Signal favours with all duly & hearty Joy presume to Con- 
gratulate your Excellencys Safe & happy return unto this Citty, the 
Seate of their Majesties Government, & withall doth Congratulate your 
Excellencies safe & happy return unto this Citty the Seate of their 
Majesties Government, And withall doth further presume to Address 
vnto your Excellency As y^ only person & means next vnto their Most 
favored Sarcred Maj^*?* to whom all y? present Tranquility of 
y* Governm^ is Oweing, by whose Prudence all our Back Slideings Are 
healed & all our late heats & animosities are buryed, yt whosoever pass- 
eth our Streets Can See nothing of y? tokens or Signalls of Warr, but 
Such unanimity & Chearfulness Amongst y^ People, that itt is now noe 
more A Question where wee Shall Pitch our Tabernacle but in this 
Citty, where wee may be Influenced & Protected by y^ Enestimable 
Virtue Prudence & Pious Conduct of your Excellency 

May itt further please your Excellency 

As wee Know there is nothing Soe delight full to [115] Your Excel- 
lency as truth Soe wee Cannot better Demonstrate the true affections 
wee bear your Excellency then by praying your Excellency to looke 
into our Citty and you will finde y\ our Inhabitants are dayly Erecting 
Monuments to Perpetuate y* Memory of your Excellencies Vertue, 
wherein wee have an Intire Confidence; And will not now detaine 
your Excellency with Repititions of former Requests but only Give 
your Excellency Assurance that as hitherto y? Interest of this Citty 
hath never been Seperated, from, (but y? Chiefe and Only Support of) 



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328 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



y? Prerogative & dignity of the Crown in this Province Soe yt wee 
Cannot permitt our Selves in y* least to Doubt but y*. whilst the 
Administration of y^ Royall dignity Rests in your Excellencies per- 
son (which wee pray may allways bee) there Can be any change 
in our Gates, but y« Interest of the King & y^ Citty Shall be ever 
one & the Same; In Testimony of our Integrity therein wee 
with all Humility, offer our prayers to Almighty God for y^ Pros- 
perous Success & y« long lives of our Soveraigne Lord & Lady 
King William & Queen Mary & y* your Excellency May live long & 
Govern vs and be y? only Protector of our Citty; And as Such wee 
humbly pray your Excellency to Accept of this Cup of Gold in 
Acknowledgment of y? Sincere & DutifuU Affections that is boame to 
your Excellency by those who will allways Manifest themselves 

May itt please your Excellency 

Your Excellencies 
Most Dutifull And 

Most Obedient Servants 



Ebenezer Willson 
Stephen D Lancy 
Theunis 1) Key 
Ari Van Schaick 
Tho Clarlie 
Johannes Vandespregel 



Johannes Kip 
Brandt Schuyler 
Gerard Dow 
Wilt Beeckman 
Robert Darkin 



A: D: Peyster 
Ja : Graham 
Witt Merrett 



[ii6] Citty of 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Att a Meeting of y* Recorder 
Aldermen &c: the ii^ of August 1693 



& 



Present James Graham Esq^ .Recorder 
Witt Merrett "^ 
Witt Beeckman 
Robert Darkin 
Gerard Dow 



L Aldermen 



Lawrence Reade John Theobald John Harpendinck Jacob Boelen 
Witt Teller Jacob Kip & Jacobus Colett Sworn well truly Equally Im- 
partially & in due Proportion to Assess & Rate the Inhabitants Resi^ 
dence & Freeholders of this Citty as itt Shall Appear to them According 
to their best understanding Untill they fully Assess the Sum of Seaveo 
Hundred & twenty five pounds being y? one Moyety quota & Proportion 
of this Citty According to an act of Assembly Entituled an Act for y* 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



329 



Raiseing Six thousand pounds for the Paymt of three hundred Volun- 
teers & their Officers to be Imployed In the Reinforcement of the 
Frontiers of this Province att Albany from the first of May Next to 
the first of May then next following in the year of our Lord 1694 

Ordered that all y? Bakers within this Citty be Summonsed to Ap- 
pear before the Mayor Recorder & Aldermen att the next Mayors Court 
being on Tuesday next that they may Agree to Such Certaine Assize of 
bread as Shall be Approved on by the Said Court. 

Upon the Petition of Andrew Teller Luycas Van Thinehoven & 
Evert Dyckinck in behalf of themselves & other Inhabiting the Dock 
Street [117] lately laid out for building Setting forth that they were 
Strangely Surprized to be Informed that their Respective Lotts bought 
of y^ Citty were not to Front their Severall houses According to their 
Drafts & Agreemt but were Jusled from their Said Front Some thirty 
fourty & Some fifty foot whereby y^ Said PeticSHers Say they are 
Altogether Defeated of their Just Rights &c: to their Griveous hurt 
& Damage 

Order D y\ Alderman Beeckman Alderman Merrett & AW. Darkins 
be A Committee to Examine the Alligations of y? Petitioners & for y? 
Clear discovery thereof that they Call to their Assistance M^ 
Jacob Cortlandt & the Surveyors of y* Said Citty, that Laid out the 
Said Lotts or Such Other Persons that were Concerned who are to 
Produce to their Vieu Such Drafts as were then made of y? Said Lotts. 



Citty of 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday y? 
21^^ day of August 1693 



Present A: D Peyster ESqf 


Mayor 


James Graham ESqi 


" Recorder 


Witt Beeckman 


^ 


John Kip 


V Aldermen 


Robert Darkin 


J 


Ebenezer Wilson 


^ 
■^ 




Theunis D Key 






Tho Clarke 




>^ Assistants 


Stephen D Lancy 






John Vandespregel 


^ 




[118] Order'd y! all Persons & all Ind 


lan & Negro Slaves which are 


not listed, or houses which have men in 


th 


em not Listed In Some of y* 



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330 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Militia Companies of this Citty Shall either Worke themselves or Ap- 
point Some Others in their Place for y^ Repaireing the fortifications 
round the Citty, and to be under the Command of y? Cap*? of y? Re- 
spective Wards wherein they Inhabit under y^ Penalty of three Shilings 
for each Default. 

Order'd yt one hundred pounds be raised for y? Supplying y? 
Militia in the present & necessary repaire & other Matcriall of their 
Majesties Fortifications Round this Citty untill Another Fund may be 
raised by Act of Assembly or Otherwise for the Doing thereof. 

Ordered that Mr Ebenezer Wilson have the Preference of y^ Waste 
or Spare Ground Rangeing with the Gate Goeing into the Smith Fly, 
Paying the Same Rate for that, as the Rest of y? Ground thereunto 
Adjoyning, and Performing Such Articles as are mentioned in his 
Patent for y? other Lott to y? Said Ground adjoyning as Aforesaid. 



Cittv of 
NiYorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att y* 
Citty Hall of y^ Said Citty on Wensday y5 
13*^ of Sep^^ 1693 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq*" Mayor 
Wilt Beeckman 
Wilt Merrett 

John Kip ^Aldermen 

Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
[119] Ebenezer Wilson 

Theunis D Key 

Stephen D Lancy >- Assistants 
Thomas Clarke 
John Vandespregel 

Order'd that y? Recorder Doe Draw up a Petition to the Assembly 
Setting forth y« Nessessity of Repaireing their Maj*? Fortifications 
Round this Citty, itt being for y? Security & Safeguard of y? whole 
Province & likewise to Move that their be Allowed a Gen'^ Fund of y^ 
whole Province for y? Effecting and Maintaining the Same, which 
Charge by the Nearest Computation att Present, will Amount to two 
hundred & fifty pounds or thereabouts. 

Order'd y\ y^ Mayor AM. Schuyler & M*" D' Key be a Committee 
to Supervise & take Care that y? Custom house Bridg be plank'd on 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 331 

each Side and fitted up with Dirt Rubish &c : between thirty & fourty 
foot & that they Draw vpon y* Treasurer for Money to Effect y^ 
Same 

Order'd for y^ Preventing of all Nusances yt all y^ Carmen of this 
Citty doe every Saturday Carry all the Dirt Rubish &c : that Shall Lye 
in any of the Streets of this Citty to y? Custom house bridg; that if 
any Dirt Rubish &c : Shall lye before the Door of any y? Inhabitants of 
the S? Citty Above the Space of Seaven Days, The S^ Inhabitants 
where Such Dirt Rubish &c : Shall Lye are to Give Notice to Some Car- 
1^ en to take the Same Away under y? Penalty of one Shiling & Six 
jence for each Default to be paid y* Informer, and if [120] Any 
Carman or Carmen upon Such Notice Given by Any the Inhabitants 
Aforesaid Shall refuse to take Away any the Dirt Rubish &c : as afore- 
said the Said the said Carman or Carmen Soe Offending shall for each 
Default forfeit the Sum of one Shiling & Six pence to be paid to the 
Informer, that y^ Citty doe pay to the said Carmen the Sum of three 
half pence for each Loade of Dirt Rubish &c : they Shall Carry to the 
Bridg for y? filling up of y? Same, as aforesaid. & that the Said Carmen 
have three half pence more for each Loade of Dirt Rubish &c: they 
Shall Carry from y? Doors of any y? Inhabitants Aforesaid, to be paid 
them by y? S? Inhabitants where Such Dirt Rubish &c Shall Lye as 
Aforesaid. 

Ordered that y* Treasurer doe pay vnto Jacob Maurice the Sum 
of three pounds fifteen Shilings itt being in parte payment for the 
Passage of one Reyneer Ghaewkins from this Citty to Holland. 



Citty of )^^ Att a Common Council held att y' 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall &c : y? 23^ day of Sep^r 1693 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Witt Merrett ^ 

Brandt Schuyler L Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Ebenezer Wilson S 

Theunis D: Key L Assistants 

Thomas Clarke J 

[121] Order'd y^ y* filling up of y* Bridg be Continued as far as y^ 
Knotches upon y? Said Bridg they being the markes even with the end 



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332 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



of the Street & that y? former Orders relateing to the Same be Con- 
tinued. 



Cittyof 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
City Hall of y^ Said Citty on Friday y* 
29*t day of Sep^f Ann. Dom. 1693 



. Aldermen 



^ Assistants 



Present Abraham D: Peyster ESq'': Mayor 
James Graham ESql Recorder 
William Beeckman 
William Merrett 
Brandt Schuyler 
John Kip 
Robert Darkins 
Gerard Dow 
Ebenezer Willson 
Theunis D' Key 
Stephen D' Lancy 
Thomas Clarke 
John Vandespregel 

By Vertue of a Warrt Issued forth from the Mayor to the Severall 
Aldermen of y? Respective Wards of this Citty In Order to their Elect- 
ing this day (According to y^ Usage, Custom and Laws of this Citty) 
one Alderman, one Assistant, two Assessors, and one Petty Constable, 
for each Respective Ward Aforesaid to Serve for the year next ensue- 
ing return was Accordingly made thereof this day by the Severall 
Aldermen of y* Respective Wards Aforesaid by y^ hour of twelve of 
y*^ Clock to the Office of Town Gierke of this Citty under the hands 
and Seals of y* Said Aldermen According to y^ Tenour of the Aforesaid 
Ward Ass followeth (Viz^ 



East Ward 



[122] 



Dock Ward ^ 



William Beeckman ESq*" 
Mr E[b]enezer Willson 
Lawrence Reade 
John Theobald 

^ John Martyr 

^William Merrett ESqT 
Mr Thomas Clarke 
John D' Peyster 
John Harpendinck 
Johannes Hogeland 



Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



333 



North Ward 



South Ward 



West Ward ^ 



Out Ward 



ISaac Van Flack ESqr 

John Crooke 

Jacob Boelen 

Timon Van Borssen 

Albertus Ringo 
^Brandt Schuyler ESql 

Mr Rip Van Dam 

Jacobus Kip 

William Teller 
^Johannes Clopper 

Robert Darkins ESqr 

John Vandespregel 

Suart Olphett 

Jacob Collett 

Evert Van Hooke 

Gerard Dow ESqr 

ADolf Meyer 

Peter D' Groot 

Theunis Ides 

Samuel Waldron 

ISaac Lametre 



Alderman 
Assistant 

i Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

> Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

i Assessors 

Constable 

Alderman 

Assistant 

Assessor 

Constable 

Assessor for Harlem 

Constable for Harlem 



Abraham D' Peyster ESqr Mayor of this Citty is by His Excellency 
y^ Governour Continued Mayor of y^ Said Citty for the year ensueing 
and Stanley Handcock ESq^ likewise Continued High Sheriff of y^ 
Same for the Next year as Aforesaid. 

Mr Ebenezer Willson is Continued Treasurer of y? Said Citty for 
y? year ensueing. 

Edward Buckmaster is Appointed by y? Mayor High Constable of 
y? Said Citty for y? year following. 

Upon y^ Motion of M^ Luycas Thinehoven, Evert Dyckinck and 
Andries Teller in behalf of themselves and other Inhabitants of the 
Dock Street of this Citty desireing that Persons might be Appointed to 
Lay out the Lotts in the Said Street bought from y* Citty According 
to [123] Their Severall Purchases. 

Ordered that Alderman Merrett Alderman Darkins and Alderman 
Dow or any two of them together w*l» Mr Clark Mr Willson and 
Mr Vandespregel or any two of them, att Such Convenient time as they 
Shall thinke fitt doe Summons together the Purchasers of yi Said Lotts 
of Land from y^ Citty Hall to y* Slip att y^ further end of the Said 
Dock Street, & in their presence doe Cause the Surveyors of this Citty 



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334 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

to Lay out y^ Severall Lotts Aforesaid According to their Respective 
Purchases Granted to them by this Citty. 



Cittyof )^,^^ Att a Common Council held att y? 

NrYorkej Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Saturday 

I4*t day of October Ann. Dom. 1693 

The Mayor Aldermen & Assistants Attended y^ Council and Ap- 
pointed by His Excellency y? Gov'' to Administer y^ Oaths to the Said 
Mayor &c : who was Accordingly Sworn to Serve as Mayor for y? year 
ensueing likewise took y« Oaths Appointed in the place of y? Oath of 
Alleigance & Supremacy & Subscribed the Test, Stanley Handcock 
ESqf was likewise Sworn to Execute the office of High Sheriff of y' 
Said Citty & County for the ensueing year who tooke y? Above men- 
tioned Oaths and Subscribed y? Test Accordingly 

The Mayor & Recorder Attended with y? Aldermen & Assistants 
returned to y^ Town Hall where y^ Commissions of y^ Said ilayor & 
High Sheriff were Publicly read. 

The Mayor Accordingly tooke his place after which the New Alder- 
men were called & Sworn to Execute y? Said Office of Aldermen for 
y5 year ensueing who tooke y? oaths &c: above mentioned Subscribed 
y« Test & Accordingly tooke their places whereupon y^ old ones were 
dismissed. 

The New Assistants being likewise Called were Sworn &c: they 
Alsoe Signing yf Test tooke their Places & y? Old ones Dismissed 
Accordingly 

Ordf.r'd yt y? Treasurer pay unto William Sharpas Gierke of this 
Citty the Sum of Six pounds Sixteen Shilings being for half years 
Sallery Pen Ink & Paper &c: as Appears by his Account which is 
allow'd. 

[124] Ordered that the Treasurer doe pay unto Stanley Handcocke 
ESqr the Sum of Nine pounds which is Allowed him as A County 
Charge as Appears by his Account & is allow'd of by A full Common 
Council 

Ordered the Treasurer doe pay vnto M^ Thomas Clarke the Sum of 
Eleven pounds two Shilings which is Allow'd by A full Common Coun- 
cil as Appears by his Account. 

Order D yt y^ Treasurer doe pay in Course vnto M'' Thomas Clarke 
the Sum of Three pounds one Shiling and Six pence to him due as 
Appears by his Account and Allow'd by A full Common Council. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



335 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on the second 
day of Decem**^ 1693 



>. Aldermen 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq'' Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Witt Beeckman 

Wilt Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Gerard Dow 

ISaac Van Flack 

John Crooke 

Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel 

Rip Van Dam 

Adolf Meyer 



Assistants 



[125] By His Excellency y= Governour in Council. 

Whereas there is Actual Warr between our Soveraign Lord ft 
Lady the King & Queen and y? French King and I am Informed of a 
Squadron of Ships and Land Forces Intended from France to Invade 
this Citty and Province; and Whereas for y^ Safety and Preservation 
thereof I finde itt of Absolute nescessity to Make A Platform upon the 
Outmost Point of Rocks under the Fort, whereon I Intend to build A 
Battery to Command both Rivers I have therefore thought fitt and doe 
hereby require you the Mayor Recorder & Aldermen of the Citty of 
New Yorke to Assemble & meet together to Ord'' that y* Inhabitants of 
y* Outward of y* Citty of New Yorke & Manning & Barnes Islands doe 
Cutt Down Eighty Six Cord of Stockadoes of twelve foot in length and 
to have them in readiness att y? water Side att y? Most Convenient place 
to be Conveyed to New Yorke att the Charge of the City & County of 
New Yorke hereof you are not to Faile upon your Perill Given under 
my hand and Seale att Fort William Henry the lo*? of Octo**?" 1693 

To the Mayor Recorder & Aldermen 
of the Citty of New Yorke ^ Ord^ 

David Jamison Ct Concilii 
86 Cord 12 foot long each Cord being 3 Cord of firewood. 



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336 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Pursuant to y? Above written Ward the Mayor Called together y? 
Recorder and Aldermen & by Ord^ of Special Sessions held att y^ 
Citty of New Yorke aforesaid the twenty eight day of October Issued 
out to Alderman Merrett and Alderman Dow y? following Warr^ 

XT -XT 1 ?SS By The Mayor 

N : Yorke j 

Abraham D: Peyster ESqr Mayor of y? Citty of N: Yorke To 

William Merrett & Gerard Dow ESq*"? Aldermen of the Citty of New 

Yorke Greeting. Whereas by an Order of the Governour in Council 

bearing Date the lo*!? day of Octobr one thousand Six hundred and 

Ninety [126] Three I was required to Assemble the Recorder & 

Aldermen of y^ Said Citty together. Pursuant thereunto Itt was Ordered 

att A Special Sessions holden att y9 Said Citty on y? Twenty eight 

day of this Instant Octob^ that I Should Issue out my Warrl unto you 

y? Said William IMerrett & Gerard Dow Aldermen of y? Said Citty 

requireing you to See the Purport of y^ Said Order of his Excelt in 

Council to be fully Executed According to y? true Intent k Meaning 

thereof. These are therefore to require you that with all Convenient 

Speed you Call together all and every the Respective Inhabitants of y? 

Said out Ward & of Manning k Barnes Islands and require them to 

Cutt Down within the Citty k County Aforesaid the full quantity of 

eighty Six Cord of Stockadoes of twelve foot in length & have them 

Carryed to Some Convenient place for Transportation to y? Said Citty 

att or before the first day of March next ensueing and Agree w*l* y? 

Said Inhabitants how much y^ Value of y^ Said Stockadoes Shall 

Amou[n]t to and return the Same unto me under your hand and Scale 

y^ I may take effectual Care to have y^ Same truely Assessed Levyed & 

paid by A County Rate and hereof you are not to fail att your Perill. 

Given under my hand & Seal att New York, this 2%^^ day of October 

In the fifth year of their Majesties Reign Annoq Dom 1693 

A : D : Peyster 
Witt Sharpas CT. Mayor 



The Said Alderman Merrett and Alderman Dow upon y^ Above 
written Warrant maketh the following return. (Viz!) 

[127] New Yorke October y^ 30*^ 1693 

Pursuant to y^ within written Warrt wee have Agreed with y\ 
People of Harlem whose Names are under written to Cutt Eighty Six 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 337 



e 



Cord of Stockadoes of twelve foot in length att thirteen Shilings y 
Cord; And have Given A Note to y^ S? Parsons to See them pay'd 
According to y^ Said Agreement. (Vizt) 

Barn't Waldron & Comp. 24 Cord 

Johannes Corneliss & Comp 11 Cord 

John Kickout & Comp 06 Cord 

John Dickman & Comp 21 Cord 

John D' Meter & Comp 13 Cord 

Arant Harmanson & Comp 06 Cord 

Clase Bogard & Comp 05 Cord 



86 Cord at 13S ^ Cord 

Will Merrett 
Gerard Dow 



The Mayor Called y? Recorder Aldermen & Assistants in Common 
Council who by Majority of Votes were of Opinion that they have 
not power to raise A Tax for the Payment of the Said Stockadoes. 

Ordered that Alderman Schuyler & M^ Van E>am doe Inquire into 
y* Arrearages of Rents Ariseing to this Citty by the Severall buildings 
therein & upon what Terms they are Lett and make Report thereof by 
Tuesday next to the Clerkes OfBce &c : 

Ordered y\ y? Treasurer doe pay to the Sheriff Six pence ^ Diem 
for y^ Maintaining one John Roux A Prisoner of Warr dureing the time 
he Shall Continue in y? goal of the Said Citty. and that he be allow'd 
Six pence for each day Since his Confinem! 

[128] Order'd that y* Treasurer doe pay to English Smith Marshall of 
this Citty the Sum of four pounds Six Shilings & Six pence being 
for halfe years Sallery & other Disburstments to him Due for y? use 
of y? Citty. 

Order'd that y? Treasurer doe pay to Augustus Grassett Weigh- 
master of this Citty the Sum of twenty Six pounds two Shilings ft 
Eleven pence being the Ballance of Ace*? According to Audite due from 
him to Cott Bayard. 

Ordered that what Charge the Sheriff Shall be att in y^ Nessessary 
Repair of y? goal of this Citty & makeing itt Sufficient be allow'd him 
and paid by the Treasurer. That the Sheriff take to his Assistance 
any of the Justices of the Peace or Common Council of y? Said Citty 
to Vieu what Reparations will be Needfull. 

VoL L-22 



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338 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[129] Cittyof I 
N:Yorke^ 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on the i8^? day 
of D^'^ Ann Dom 1693. 



Present A : D Peyster ESq^ Mayor 



Wilt Merrett 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Gerard Dow 
ISaac Van Flack 
Ebenezer Wilson 
Thomas Clarke 
John Crooke 
Rip Van Dam 
John Vandespregel 
Adolf Mover 



. Aldermen 



. Assistants 



.ESq" 



Att a Council held att Fort William 
Henry the 14*!? day of Decem^r 1693 

Present His Excelt Benjamin Fletcher 

Frederick. Phillips "^ 1 ' ; Chidly Brooke 
Step Cortlandt ^ESq^ Witt Nicolls 

Nicolas Bayard J • - Witt Pinhorne 

Ordered the Mayor AW & Common Council of the Citty of New 
Yorke be desired to Attend his Excett. in Council on Friday the is*l^ 
day of D^r instant by Nine of the Clock in the morning to be resolved 
of Some Scruples or Objections made by Some of them Agt y? furnish- 
ing of y5 Number of Stockadoes Assigned to the Said Citty towards 
the Platform designed for to build A Battery vpon for Defence of 
the Citty & Province ag^ forraign invasion. 

Pursuant to y* Above written Warrant the Mayor Attended with 
the Aldermen & Common Council this day waited upon his Excett the 
Governouf in Council where after Some reasons being offer'd by y^ 
Citty why they had not power to raise Money for fortification & 
answers retum'd by the Gov'' & Some of y* Council to y* objections 
made by the Citty they returned to y* Citty Hall & by his Excetts desire 
resolv'd to waite vpon his Excett in Council in y* Afternoon att three 
of the Clock & to Satisfie his Excett of their Opinion. [130] by Majority 
of Votes itt is y? Opinion of this Board that the Cutting & 
paying for y^ Stockadoes for y^ building of a Platform on y* Point of 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



339 



Rocks for y? Defense of this Citty is not A County Charge but Nemine 
Contra Dicente the board are of Opinion that y^ S? Platform proposed 
by his Excelt to be built upon y* Said Point of Rocks for y* Defence 
of the Citty & Province Mentioned in y* foregoing Warrant is A 
Nessessary worke. 

Ordered upon y? Abovesaid Consideration the Citty doe Give as A 
Free & Voluntary Act towards y^ building of A Platform att y* Point 
of Rocks Aforesaid &c: Eighty Six Cords of Stockadoes of twelve 
foot in length to be delivered att y? Said Point of Rocks att y? Charge 
of y? Citty. 

Ordered that what Notes AM Van Flack & Mr John Crooke have 
Drawn upon y^ Treasurer for the paymt of y^ Poor Since y* fourteenth 
of Octo^r last be Allowed & that they Continue Overseers of the Said 
Poor untill the first day of May next ensueing. 

Order'd that yf Assize of Bread be till further Ordr as foUoweth 
(Vizi) 

A White loaf of the finest flower to weigh twelve Ounces for three 
half pence. 

A Wheaten loaf the coursest Bran only taken out and not Other- 
wise to weigh three pounds & A halfe for four pence half penny And 
that noe other bread for Sale be made then what Above Specified All 
Bakers are hereby required to Bake and Keep bread in their Shops 
that y* Inhabitants of this Citty may be Supplyed as they will Answer 
the Contrary. 

Citty of ) Att a Common Council held att y^ 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of the Said Citty the 8^!^ day of 

January Ann. Dom. 1693 [-4] 

Present Abraham D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESq? Recorder 
Wilt Merrett "^ 

Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins ^Aldermen 
Gerard Dow 
ISaac Van Flack 

[131] Ordered that A Committee of y5 whole Bench be Appointed to 
Enquire into Such lawfull ways & Methods as is Practised by the Cor- 
porations in England for the raising of Money to Defray what they 
Shall think needfull in their Respective Corporations, that in the 
absence of any of the Bench the Mayor & Recorder or either of them 
with Alderman Merrett Alderman Darkins & Alderman Van Flack M^ 



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340 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Clarke Mf Willson and Mf Rip Van Dam be a Committee for the doing 
the Same ; and make Report thereof on Friday Morning next. 

Order'd that y? Clerke & y« Marshall Attend the Said Committee 
The Ordinance for the Ascertaining of y« Demensions of Caske & 
Regulateing the Abuses in the Tare of flower &c : published the eighth 
day of July Last was this day after the ringing of three Bells againe 
Published & Ordered to be in force till further Order. 

Adjoum'd till friday Morning next Nine A Clock 



City of ] 
N: Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att y? 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Friday the 

12^! 



Aldermen 



Assistants 



lave duely weigh-d & Con- 



2^1* of Jan: 1693 [-4]. 

Present A : D : Peyster ESqr Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Wilt Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Gerard Dow 

ISaac Van Flack 

Ebenezer Willson ' 

Thomas Clarke 

Rip Van Dam 

John Crooke 

John Vandespregel 
The Committee of the Whole house" 
sider'd what hath been required by his Excett and Council, of this Cor- 
poration towards their Quota & Proportion of Stockadoes and Other 
Services for y^ [132] Building the Battery that is Projected by his 
Excelt to be made att the point of Rocks under y* Fort and doe finde 
that the Easiest, Speediest and best way for Accomplishing the Same 
will be by raiseing A Tax upon the Respective Inhabitants of this Citty 
which wee are willing to doe Provided his Excellency and Council doe 
declare in writeing that the Common Council of this Citty is Soe 
Enabled to doe by the Powers Contained in their Charter. 

The Report of the Committee of the whole Bench being three times 
read was Approved of Nemine Contra Dicente and Order'd that y' 
Recorder draw up an Address to the Governour & Council representing 
the dutifuU & Loyall Affections of this Citty and Corporation together 
with their readiness to Assist their Majesties in the Security & De- 
fense of this Province & Citty with their lives & fortimes and for that 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



341 



purpose doe pray that his Excellency & Council would be favourably 
pleased to Give Their Opinion and Judgm^ how far this Citty and Cor- 
poration is Enabled by Vertue of their Charter to Levy Money & 
raise Taxes upon the Inhabitants of the Same. And to bring itt to this 
Board on Munday Morning next. 

Adjoum'd till Munday Morning Next. 



Citty of ) 
NiYorkej 



Aldermen 



/^Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att y? 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Munday y? 
15^^ of Jan i693[-4] 
Present A : D : Peyster ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESqt Recorder 
Wilt Merrett 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Gerard Dow 
ISaac Van Flack 
[133] Ebenezer Willson 

Thomas Clarke 
John Crooke 
Rip Van Dam 
The following Address being three times read is Approv'd of 
Nemine Contra dicente. 

Order'd that y? whole Bench doe forthwith waite upon his Excel- 
lency the Govr with y? Same which was Accordingly done. 

To his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Cap*. Gen^ & Gov^ in Cheife 
of their Majesties Province of New Yorke, Province of Pensilvania 
Country of New Castle & the Territories & Tracts of Land depending 
thereon in America & Vice Admiral of the Same their Maj*? Lieu? & 
Command! in Chiefe of y* Militia & of all the Forces by Sea & Land 
within their Maj*? Collony of Connecticutt & of all the Forts & places 
of Strength within the Same. 

The humble Address of the Mayor 
Recorder Aldermen & Commonality of 
their Maj^ Citty of New Yorke Convened 
in Common Council. 
May itt Please y^ Excelt 

Wee Cannot better Express y^ Gratitude & DutifuU affections that 
this Corporation bears unto y^ Excett for your unwearied Care And 
Vigilance in bending your whole thoughts for the Safety of the Prov- 



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342 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

ince & the quiet of the People then by Yielding an intire Obedience to 
yf Excellency's commands ; And haveing now fresh Instances of Your 
Exce"? great zeale unto their Maj*? Service and the Preservation of this 
Citty & Province from y? Attempts of the French by Issueing your 
Mandats for the Erecting A Platform & Battery on the Point of Rocks 
Under the Fort; A Worke absolutely Needfull And of Soe Great 
Contrivance that Noe doubt (by the Assistance of God Your Excett 
indefatigable diligence And the Accomplishment of itt.) but y? Prov- 
ince for the future will be in perfect Security And The [134] The 
rumour thereof may be Also A Means to Make the Enemy Change his 
measures And defeate Any design they may have in Attacking us 
that way. 

Wee therefore May itt please your Excell[e]ncy in humble 
Acknowledgment of your Excelt great regard to the Safety of this 
Province & Citty doe Give your Excett full Assurance of our dutifull 
And Loyall Affections to Soe good A Worke and Likewise of our 
readiness to Assist their Most Sacred Majesties & your Excett their 
Cap* Gen^ in the Security & Defence of this their Maj*5 Province And 
Citty with their Lives & fortunes; And for that Purpose were now 
Convened in Common Council & did unanimously Agree for y? raise- 
ing A Fund by A Tax vpon the Respective Inhabitants of this Citty 
for y? Defraying the Quota's & Proportions of the Stockadoes and 
Other Service of this Citty required by your Excett for y? building the 
Said Platform & Battery; but in the Consideration thereof Some 
doubts did Arise that by our Charter wee were not Sufficiently 
Authorized to Levy A Tax upon the Inhabitants for yf Doeing the 
Same. 

Wee therefore May itt Please your Excellency become humble 
Suppliants unto y^ Excett & Council (for the removeing of which 
doubt) 

That your Excellency & Council would be favourably pleased to 
Give us y? Opinion and Judgmi of this Hon4* Board whether wee Can 
Lawfully Levy A Tax upon y? Subjects by The Powers Contained in 
our Charter pursuant to your Excellency's Nessessary Command. 
& your Excett Suppliants as in duty bound Shall ever pray 
ISaac Van Flack A: D: Peyster 

Ebenezer Willson Ja: Graham 

Thomas Clarke Will Merrett 

John Crooke Brandt Schuyler 

Rip Van Dam Robert Darkins 

Gerard Dow 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



343 



[135] Cittyof ) 
N:Yorkej 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty the IQ^I* day of 
January Ann. Dom 1693-4 

A : D Peyster ESqr Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Witt Beeckman 

Witt Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Gerard Dow 

ISaac Van Flack 

Ebenezer Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

John Crooke 

John Vandespregel 

Adolph Meyer 



Aldermen 



>- Assistants 



ESq^l 



Att a Council held att Fort William Henry the 18*!? of January 

1693-4 

Present His Excett Benjamin Fletcher &c: 
Fred: Philips ^^ : Chidly Brooke 

Steph: Cortlandt I ^g „ Will Nicoll 
Nich : Bayard [ ^ ' Wilt Pinhorne 

Gab: Minviele J Caleb Heathcoate 

In Answer to the Address of the Mayor Recorder Aldermen And 

Commonality of the Citty of New Yorke read in Council Yesterday. 

His Excellency & Council are of Opinion that itt is A Power 
Natural to Evry body Politiq by y^ very Act of Incorporation to do 
all those reasonable Acts y*. Are Nessessary for the Continuance of 
that being & Accordingly to Impose A Tax or Other Levy on y? Re- 
spective Members of Such A body for the Carying on & Effecting all 
Such matters the Representatives of A Corporation Judge Nessessary 
for the Good & Advantage of the body Politiq be itt for its Civil 
Defense or Other y* like And that i'ts Lawfull for any Private Corpo- 
ration to raise Money upon i'ts Respective Members According to the 
Proportion of their Interest in the Same for i'ts Military Defence 
whenever the Government itt has its being under is Pleased to Give 

'^"^*^- ^ Ord' 

David Jamison Ct Concilij 



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344 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[136] The foregoing Answer of the Governour & Council to the Ad- 
dress of the Mayor Aldermen & Assistants &c : was three times read & 
Approved & Orderd to be Recorded. 

Upon reading the Petition of Jacob Teller & Leonard Hoygon 
Setting forth y* y? Petitioners have bought of the Heirs of Govert 
Lockerman A Certain parcell of Ground lying within this Citty front- 
ing to the Kings High way Opposite the house of Johannes Van 
Bnigher Adjoyning to the Slip Commonly Called Burgers Path that y* 
Petitioners doth design to build thereon & to fence in the Same but not 
Knowing the Exact line without A Survey humbly prays this Board 
would take the Same into their Serious Consideration and Ordf that 
the Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Said Street to the End 
y? Petitioners may proceed in their Abovesaid Designs &c: 

Resolved that this board doe Consider of the Premisses &c : 

Upon Reading the Petition of Roger Baker Setting forth that he 
hath Expended the Sum of four pounds for the use of this Citty which 
Sometime past was Allowed him but as yett not paid humbly prays this 
board would ordr y? Paymt of the Same &c: 

Orde^'d that y? Answer of the foregoing Petition be refer'd to 
further Consideration 

Adjourn'd till Munday Morning next 



Citty of I 
N:Yorkej 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall &c: on Munday the 22? of Jan 
1693-4 



Present A: D: Peyster ESqr Mayor 
Ja : Graham ESqF Recorder 
Witt Merrett "^ 

Robert Darkins ^ Alderman 
ISaac Van Flack J 
EbeiT Willson 
Tho Clarke 

John Crooke > Assistants 

Rip Vandam 
Adolph Meyer 

[137] Upon further Consideration of the Building of y? Battery 
Repaireing the Fortifications round this Citty & paying y^ Arrearages 
of y? Same &c : Resolved Nemine Contra Dicente that their be A Tax 
Levyed upon all and Evry the Respective Freeholders Inhabitants and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



345 



Sojourners within this Citty and Corporation the Rate of three pence 
^ Pound upon all their Real and Personal Estates within the Said Citty 
& Corporation to be Paid unto y« Treasurer of y' Said Citty att two 
payments to be made in the Space of Six Monthes & only Imployed to 
the uses Aforesaid. 

Ordered that pursuant to the Said Resolve the Recorder doe Prepare 
A Bill and bring itt to the nex[t] Common Council. 

Adjourned till Thursday morning next Nine A Qock 



Citty of ) 
NiYorkej 






Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Thursday y? 
25*? day of January Ann. Dom. 1693-4 

Present A : D : Peyster ESqi Mayor 
Ja : Graham Esqr Recorder 
William Merrett 
Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins ^Aldermen 

Gerard Dow 
ISaac Van Flack 
Ebenezer Willson "^ 
Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel y Assistants 
Rip Van Dam 
John Crooke 
The following Ordinance was three times read and Approved of 
and Order'd to be Recorded 

An Ordinance Established by the Mayor Recorder Aldermen 
& Assistants convened In Common Council for the raiseing of 
three pence upon Every pounds Value of all the Real and personal 
Estates of all and Every the Freeholders Inhabitants and Sojourn- 
ers within the Said Citty, to be Imployed for the Building the 
Battery and platform to be Erected in the Said Citty &c : 
Whereas his Excellency has thought fitt for the better Security & 
Defense of this their Majesties Province and Citty of New Yorke to 
Order, that with all Speed there be Erected A Plat-forme and Battery 
att the Point of [138] Rocks under the Fort within this Citty and 
Pursuant thereunto has Issued his Warrants to y* Mayor Recorder 
and Aldermen of the Same for the Provideing A Certaine Quota and 
Proportion of Stockadoes &c : and Whereas their will be Other Services 
required of y^ Inhabitants of this Citty for y^ Effecting the Same: 
Hnd there is likewise In Arrears remaining unpaid A Certaine Debt 



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346 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

for Repaireing the fortifications About this Citty and the Same doe 
Still want Severall Repairs & Other Nessessaries. To the End that 
his Excellencies Said Orders may be duely Executed And that soe 
great and Need full worke may be with all haste Effectually perfected 
and alsoe y^ the Arrearages Aforesaid may be likewise paid and the 
other Nessessary Repairs of the fortifications aforesaid Effected, The 
Mayor Recorder Aldermen & Assistants of the Said Citty Convened 
in Common Council doe unanimously Agree that for y' Purposes 
Aforesaid there be Assessed Levyed and Collected the Rate of three 
pence vpon Every pounds Value of all the Real and personal EStates 
of all & Every the Freeholders Inhabitants and Sojourners within the 
Citty and Corporation Aforesaid the one halfe or Moyety of the Afore- 
said Assessment to be Assessed, Levyed Collected and Paid unto the 
Treasurer of the Said Citty att or before the twenty fifth day of March 
next ensueing : the other Moyety or Equal halfe parte to be paid in like 
manner att or before the twenty fifth day of July next ensueing. 

And for the more Due and Orderly Assessing & Collecting the 
Rate Aforesaid be itt further Ordained by the Authority Aforesaid 
that y^ Assessors of y* Respective Wards within this Citty and Cor- 
poration Aforesaid Shall within ten days next and after y^ Publication 
hereof meet and Assemble together att Such Convenient place within 
the Said Citty as to them Shall Seem meet and Shall then and there 
well, Truely faithfully. Justly Equally Impartially and in due Propor- 
tion Estimate & Value all the Real and personal Estates of all and 
Every y^ Freeholders Inhabitants and Sojourners within the Said Citty 
and Corporation According to the best of their Knowledge and under- 
standing and make A true List or Role of the Same and then Assess 
the Rate of three pence vpon Every pounds Value as Aforesaid and 
make return of Such their Role and Assessment unto the Oflice of 
Town Clerke of the Said Citty and Corporation att or before the tenth 
day of February next in Order that the [139] Same may be Delivered 
into the hands of the Respective Constables of y? Said Citty and Cor- 
poration with a Warr* Signed by the Mayor Recorder or any two 
Justices of the Peace of the Said Citty Impowering him or them to 
Levy the Said Tax or Rate of three pence upon every Pounds Value 
as Aforesaid and upon refusall to Distraine and Sell by Publick outcry, 
and pay the Same into the hands of the Treasurer of the Said Citty. 
And if any person Shall refuse to pay what he is Soe Assessed and 
the Said Constables doe Distraine for the Same all his Charges Shall 
be paid him with Such further Allowance for his pains as the Said 
Mayor Recorder or Said Justices or any of them Shall Judge rea- 
sonable. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



347 



And be itt further Ordained by the Authority Aforesaid y\ all Such 
Sum & Sums of Money that Shall be paid vnto the Treasurer of the 
Said Citty as aforesaid Shall be only Imployed to the uses and Intent 
Aforesaid ; And all payments of the Said Sums Shall be only made by 
Warrant Issueing from the Mayor of the Said Citty by and with the 
Consent and Advice of the Aldermen and Assistants of the Said Citty 
Convened in Common Council and not Otherwise anything Contained 
to the Contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

Citty Hall Thursday y« 25*^ day of January 1693-4. The 
Mayor Recorder Aldermen and Assistants Convened in Common 
Council have Established this Ordinance and Appoint Alderman 
Merrett & Alderman Van Flack M^ Clarke and M^ Van Dam to 
waite vpon his Excellency & Council and humbly pray that their 
Hon^^« Board would be pleased to Allow and Confirme the Same. 
By Order of Common Council 

A : D : Peyster Mayor 



Att a Council held att Fort William Henry the 25^!? of January 

^3"4 Present His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher &c : 

XT* T) J 1 T-o r« C: Brooke ) t- «. W: Pinhorne) „ „ 

G: SeUe J ^'" ^''=°" S J = ^^^^"^^ i 

The Above Ordinance being read in Council and his Excellency and 
Council haveing duely weighed the Nessessity of makeing y? Platform 
and Battery, unanimously Resolved that the Same Ought without 
delay to be built and Erected doe therefore (as much as in them is) 
allow and Confirm this ordinance According as is desired. By Order 

David Jamison Ct Concilij 



[140] Citty of ) 
N:YorkeJ 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Friday y* 
twenty Sixth day of January 1693-4 



James Graham ESq*" Recorder 
Witt Merrett S 

Brandt Schuyler I . - , 
Robert Darkins [ 
Gerard Dow J 

Ebenezer Willson S 
John Crooke L Assistants 

Rip Van Dam J 



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348 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The foregoeing Ordinance for y? raiseing of three pence ^ pound 
&c: was after the Ringeing of three Bells publickly Read & Ordered 
yi y* Same be Printed 

Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on the 2f^ 
day of February 1693-4 

Present Abraham D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESq^ Recorder 
Wilt Merrett 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins ^Aldermen 
Gerard Dow 
ISaac Van Flack 
Ebenezer Willson S 
Rip Van Dam L Assistants 

John Crooke J 

Pursuant to an Order of y? Govr and Council bearing Date the 
fifteenth Instant vpon the Petition of John L : Roux now A Prisoner 
in this Citty & referring the Same to the Mayor and Aldermen of the 
Said Citty that they Consider to Supply the Nessessitys of y* Prisoners 
wife and Children or to Give an Account next Thursday unto the 
Council of their Reasons to [141] the Contrary. Ordered that the 
Overseers of the Poor doe put out the Children of the Said Petitioner 
in Some Good Reputable Families for their Subsistance dureing his 
Imprisonment. 

Order'd that the Treasurer doe pay to James Graham ESqr the 
Sum of Nineteen Pounds being due to him for serving as an Assembly 
Man for this Citty as Appears by his Account which is allow'd. 

Ordered that Alderman Schuyler Alderman Darkins Mr Willson 
& Mr Van Dam doe lett all the Publick Storehouses of this Citty 
to the best Advantage Reserving a Sufficient place for the Sheltering 
Merchants Goods in Case of Raine or ill weather without any Greater 
Exaction for Storage then formerly paid 

Upon Reading the Petition of Jacob Teller & Leonard Houghan 
lately prefer'd to this Board Concerning the laying out the Streets 
on each Side y' Vacant piece of Ground near Burgers Path by them 
bought from the Heirs of Govert Lockerman &c: 

Orderd that Alderman Merrett Alderman Darkins Alderman Van 
Flack Mf Willson & Mr Van Dam be a Committee to Examine into 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



349 



the matter of the Petitioners & what itt is they desire And make 
Report thereof with all Convenient Speed. 

Order'd that the Treasurer pay unto William Sharpas Gierke of 
this Citty the Sum of four pounds fourteen Shilings being for one 
Quarters Sallery & Money by him Disbursted for the use of the Citty 
as Appears by his Account which is Allowed. 

Complaint being made that the Inhabitants of the Outward that 
were Summoned for y* Repaireing the Highways as the Law Directs 
doe often Refuse [142] And Neglect to doe their duty therein itt is 
therefore 

Ordered that the Alderman & Justice of the Said Ward doe Dili- 
gently enquire into the Said Defaults that Shall be their Made, & that 
the fine of three Shilings Appointed to be paid by Every the Said 
Defaulters for each Default be Disposed of to Such persons as Shall 
Appear to doe the Labour aforesaid or otherwise att the Discretion of 
y* S? Justice or Alderman. 

Citty of ) Att a Common Council held att the 

N: Yorkej Citty Hall of the Said Citty y? is*l» day of 

March 1693-4 

The Committee Appointed for y? enquireing into the allegations of 
Jacob Teller & Leonard Houghan Concerning the Ground near M^ 
Van Brughans & what itt is they desire of this Board doe Report y^ 
the Said Persons doe Desire that the Streets on each Side the Same 
Ground which are laid out fourty foot wide may be each Narrowed 
ten foot, that if the Citty will not condescend to the Same that the 
Upper Street running Along by the house of the Said Van Brughan 
may be Narrowed ten feet, which if Granted that they will make no 
fiu'ther pretense to the Lower Street but are Satisfied y\ itt Continue 
a Street or Highway as Already laide out Provided they may Peace- 
ably enjoy the remaineing parte of the Land. 

The Committee Appointed for letting the Publick Storehouses of 
this Citty to y? best Advantage Pursuant thereunto have lett the Mar- 
kett house or storehouse att the Bridg foot with all the Apartments 
thereunto belonging unto John Ellison of the Same Citty Joyner for 
the Space of five years to commence from the first of May next ensue- 
ing for the Sum of Sixteen pounds ^ Annum of Lawfull Money 
[143] of New Yorke to be paid Quarterly in every year dureing the Said 
Term ; That the Said John Ellison may have Liberty to Erect & build 
a Lento the length of the Said Store house att the South Side thereof 



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350 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



not to Exceed ten foot in breadth and to Erect A Chimney att y? West 
end of the Same; that the Said John Ellison is to New Shingle & 
repaire y? Markett house with the Lento Chimney and all other y? 
Premisses to keep & leave in Good Repaire att y^ Expiration of y^ 
Term Aforesaid. That the Said John Ellison may have liberty to lett 
of A Room att the west end of the Said Markett house for his Con- 
veniency dureing the Said Term leaveing A Sufficient Storehouse for 
Merchants Goods &c : in Case of raine or ill weather &c : and that he 
doe not Exact any Greater Rate for Storage then formerly taken, and 
that he have the use of the piece of Ground att the West end of the 
Same to put timber on. 

The above Return was read & approved & Ordered that A Lease be 
drawn for y? Same Accordingly. 

Ordered that M^ Mayor and Alderman Merrett doe take Care to 
provide Such things as will be needfull for Makeing the Carriages 
Mounting of y? Gunns & repaireing of y? Fortifications ; that they pass 
their Notes upon the Treasurer for what Money they Shall Disburst 
on that Account, and tliat he doe Allow and Keep An Account of y? 
Same, and that they likewise draw vpon the Treasurer for what 
Money is due & unpaid for the last years Reparation of y? S^ 
Fortifications. 

Adjourned till three a Clock in y? Afternoon 



[144] Common Council mett According to Adjournment 

Present Abraham D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
William Merrett "^ 
Robert Darkins L Alderman 
ISaac Van Flack J 
Ebenezer Willson S 
John Crooke ^Assistants 

Rip Van Dam J 

Ordered that Mr Mayor the Recorder Alderman Merrett Mr Will- 
son M^ Van Dam & M^ Crooke or any two of them be A Committee 
to Vieu and Examine all the Laws that have been made for y? Regula- 
tion and Government of the Inhabitants of this Citty that they Cause 
them to be fairly drawn out in writeing and Report them to this Board 
with all Conveniency in Order they may be published and printed. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



351 



Order'd that AM Schuyler Alderman Van Flack Mr Willson & M^ 
Van Dam be A Committee to Audite the Account of Alderman Merrett 
and make Report thereof by the first Conveniency 

Ordered that the Treasurer pay unto Mr James Emott the Sum of 
three pounds three Shilings for his Fee as Attorny & Council for the 
Citty in the Action of Schuyler Against Lyndall & Money by him 
Disbursted Concerning the Same as Appears by his Account : and that 
he likewise pay the Fees (as formerly) to the Other Council for their 
Appearing to the Said Action in last October Court. 



[145] Citty of ) 
N:Yorkej^ 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty the 20*? day of 
March 1693-4 



Present A : D : Depeyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Witt Merrett *^ 

Brandt Schuyler 
Robt Darkins ^Aldermen 

Gerard Dow 
ISaac Van Flack 
Ebenezer Willson ^ 
Rip Van Dam L Assistants 

John Crooke J 

Upon the Request of Jacob Teller & Leonard Houghan that they 
might have their Land Laid out fronting thirty foot Distance to the 
houses of Mr Van Broughan And M^ Jacob D : Hart ; & that itt may 
goe down towards the water Side ten foot more then formerly laid out 
by the Surveyor Generall, Provided they release all other pretences or 
Claims they have to the Remainder of the Said Land. 

Ordered that the Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Said Land 
Accordingly. 

Ordered, that Alderman Merrett & AW Schuyler doe take Care that 
the Roome Appointed for the Guard and the doore belonging to the 
Same be putt in Good Repaire & that Likewise there be made A 
Couple of benches for the Courte; and that they draw upon the Treas- 
urer for Such Money as Shall be Disbursted for the Effecting of y? 
Same. 



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352 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[146] Cittyof )^^ Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Friday the 

thirteenth of April 1694 

Present A: D Peyster ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Win Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robt Darkins ^Aldermen 

ISaac Van Flack 

Gerard Dow 

Eben Willson S 

Thomas Clarke . . 

John Vandesprege! ^Assistants 

Rip Van Dam J 

Resolved that there be two hundred Pounds forthwith Raised and 
payed unto the Treasurer & to be disposed of by him According to 
Such Warrants & Directions as he Shall receive from the Mayor 
and Alderman Merrett who are hereby Authorized to Dispose of the 
Said Sum towards Such Nessessary Repairs as they Shall Judge 
Needfull for the Defence and Security of the Citty. 

Order'd that Alderman Van Flack M^ Willson & Mr Clarke be a 
Committee to Enquire where they Can Raise this Said Sum of two 
hundred Pounds upon the Easiest Interest And that they are hereby 
Authorized for the Security and Paymi of the Same to Mortgage the 
Ferry of this Citty for the Space of three years And make return 
thereof to the Mayor by the first Conveniency. 

Forasmuch as the time has Expired whereby an Ordinance En- 
titled an Ordinance for the Ascertaining the Demensions of Caske and 
Regulateing the Abuses in the Tare of flower And likewise An Ordi- 
nance for paveing the Streets &c : And that itt is Convenient that the 
Same Should Continue in force three Monthes longer ; itt is therefore 
Ordained that all the Articles Clauses and Conditions in the said 
Ordinances Contained be Continued and Remaine [147] In full force 
and Vertue for the Space of three Monthes Any thing to the Contrary 
hereof in any wise Notwithstanding And that the Gierke Cause the 
Same to be Affixed on the Citty Hall. 

Ordered that M^ Clarke be Joyned w*^ y^ Committee that are 
Appointed to take Care for the Finishing the Slips and Wharfes in the 
Smiths Fly in the place of Alderman Kip. 

The Account of Alderman Merrett was read & Approved of 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



353 



Amounting to fourty three Pounds Eight ShiHngs as Appears by 
Audite & Ordered that the Treasurer doe pay the Same in Course. 

Order'd the Treasurer do pay unto William Sharpas Gierke of this 
Citty the Sum of three Pounds Eight Shilings being for one Quarters 
Sallery & Drawing A Lease for the Markett house as Appears by his 
Account which is Allowed. 

Order'd that the Treasurer pay unto John Ellison Joyner the Sum 
of Six pounds Seaven Shilings and two Pence halfe Penny being for 
Money by him Disbursted and worke Done in the Citty Hall for the use 
of the Citty as Appears by his Account which is Allowed. 



Citty of 
NiYorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Wensday 
the i8't day of April Ann Dom 1694 



Present 



A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Rob* Darkins 

Gerard Dow 

Eben Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

Rip Van Dam 



.Alderman 



L Assistants 



[148] The Committee Appointed for to See the Lotts Lay'd out in 
the Dock Street that were purchased from this Citty by the Respective 
Inhabitants thereof, doe Report that Pursuant to the Said Order they 
did Sumons together the Purchasers of the Said Lotts and have 
Caused y? Surveyors of the Said Citty to Lay out the Same According 
to their Respective Purchases, Granted to them by this Citty 

The Recorder produced A Draft of the Mortgage for the Ferry 
which was read and Approved of & Ordered that itt be fairly Ingrossed 
and that the Mayor doe Sign & affixe the Seal of the Citty to the Same 
Accordingly 

Severall Laws and Orders for the Regulation and Good Government 
of this Citty were this day read ; and Ordered Alderman Schuyler 7^13 
Darkins 'PM. Van Flack Mr Willson ]\I^ Clarke & M^ Van Dam or any 
four of them be A Committee to Examine the Same and make Report 
of what things therein Contained as will want Xos^es?ary Additions or 
Vol. 1.-23 



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354 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Amendments; and Also of Such of them as will be requisite to be 
Repealed. 

Order'd that the Treasurer pay unto English Smith the Sum of 
three Pounds fifteen Shilings being due to him for halfe years Sallery 
as Appears by his Account which is allowed. 



Citty of ) 
N.Yorke} 



Att a Common Council held att y' 
Citty Hall of y« Said Citty on Wensday y^ 
25*? of April 1694 



Aldermen 



AW 



Assistants 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
William Merrett 
Brandt Schuyler 
[149] Robert Darkins 

ISaac Van Vlecq 
Thomas Clarke 
John Vandespregel 
John Crooke J 

Order'd y\ all persons and all Indian and Negro men Slaves In- 
habiting and Resideing within this Citty who are not Listed in Some of 
y* Companies of y* Regml of Militia foot of y^ Said Citty Shall either 
worke themselves or Appoint Some Others in tlieir places for the Re- 
paireing y? Fortifications round y* Said Citty and to be under the 
Command of y? Cap*? of the Respective Wards wherein they Inhabit 
under the Penalty of three Shilings for each Pcfault. 



Citty of ) 
NiYorkej 



Att a Common Council held att y? 
Citty Hall of y« Said Citty the n*l» day of 
May 1694 



Present 



A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Brandt Schuyler ^ 
Gerard Douw L Aldermen 

ISaac Van Vlecq J 
Ebenezer Willson ^ 
Thomas Clarke L Assistants 
Rip Van Dam J 

The Gierke According to Order brought the Mortgage of the Ferry 
Ingrossed which was read & Approved of itt being for two years 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



355 



[150] Forasmuch that in the Raiseing of y? Said two hundred Pounds 
there has Accrued for y? Advance of y? Said Money the Sum of thirty 
three pounds five Shilings itt is therefore Ordered y\ y^ Said Sum Shall 
be Included in y? Aforesaid Mortgage which in the whole Amounts to 
the Sum of two hundred thirty three Pounds five Shilings Soe y* the 
Treasurer is onely Charged with y^ Said two hundred Pounds. 



Citty of ) 
N:Yorkej 



Att a Meeting of the Recorder Alder- 
men and Assistants att y* Citty Hall of the 
Said Citty on Tusday y^ 19*^ June 1694 



Present James Graham ESq^ Recorder 
Brandt Schuyler ^ 
Robert Darkins 
Gerard Douw ^Aldermen 

ISaac Van Vlecq J 
Thomas Clarke "^ ' 
Ebenezer Willson L Assistants 
Rip Van Dam J 

Upon reading the Petition of Colt Nicolas Bayard Setting forth yt 
y? Committee Appointed to Lay out the Lotts of Land from y? Citty 
Hall to the Slip att the further end of the Dock Street on y' Eighteenth 
day of Rpril last by Some wrong Information have made Some Erro- 
neous Report that they have Summoned together the Purchasers of y* 
Said Lotts and Caused the Surveyors of y? Said Citty to Lay out the 
Same According to the Respective Purchases, Although the [151] Peti- 
tioner (who in the right of John West deceased has the Prior Grant of 
all the Said Lotts) had noe Such Summons but was att yt very Instant 
Imployed att Albany in their Majesties and y? Countries Service, neither 
was the Petitioners Said Lott in any Manner Laid out by them as the 
Surveyors themselves doe AUedge which has Occasioned that Others 
have Trespassed and begun to build on parte of the Petitioners Said 
Lott, Therefore prays that the Sworn Surveyors may be Ordered to 
Lay out y* Petitioners Said Lott in the Presence of y^ Said Committee 
&c: 

Order b that the Committee of Common Council formerly Ap- 
pointed to See the Lotts laid out in the Dock Street According to y* 
Respective Purchases Granted to the Several Inhabitants thereof &c: 
by this Citty doe likewise See the Lott of the Petitioner laid out Accord- 
ing to y* first Purchase and Grant from the Said Citty 



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356 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty of ) 
NrYorkej 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday July 
y' loH^ Ann. 1694 



Present A : D : Peyster ESqf Mayor 
Ja: Graham ESql Recorder 
Will Merrett 

RoW Darkins v^AW. 

ISaac Van Vlecq 
Eben : Willson 
Tho: Clarke 

Rip Van Dam y Assistants 

John Vandespregel 
John Crooke 

The Committee Appointed to Lay out the Lott of Colt Nicolas 
Bayard &c: doe make y? following Report (Viz!) June 21't 1694 Pur- 
suant to an Order from the Recorder Aldermen & Assistants to us 
Directed whose Names are hereunder written that wee Should See the 
Lott of Colt Nicolas Bayard lying in the [152] Dock Street of this 
Citty laid out According to the first Purchase & Grant from the Said 
Citty wee have Called the Surveyors of y^ Said Citty to our Assistance 
& in our presence have Caused them to lay out the Said Lott According 
to the Said Grant which begins Seaven foot to the Eastward of v? 
Eastermost Corner of y^ Butchers Shop near the Slip and Contains in 
A Direct Line fronting to the Dock Street fourty Eight foot English 
Measure which is the Exact Quantity of Ground Mentioned in the Said 
Grant. 

Forasmuch as Colt Nicolas Bayard by y^ Perswasion of A Com- 
mittee of this board has Consented that the Station of A Lott of Ground 
Number 2, lying in the Dock Street of this Citty Bounded on y? East 
by the Ground late of John West on the North by the Said Street on 
the West by y? Land of Evert Dyckinck & on the South by the East 
River or Roade of y^ Said Citty, be removed to A Place in the Said 
Street Opposite to the house where the Printer now liveth ; itt is there- 
fore Order'd that after all y? Respective Lotts of Ground formerly 
Sold by this Citty lying in y? Said Street are Surveyed and Laid out 
According to y? Measure and Quantity. Contained in the Respective 
Grants that all the Residue or Surplusage of Ground yt Shall remaine 
Above what formerly Granted Shall be Granted unto y? Said Colt 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



357 



Nicolas Bayard to be Joyned to the Aforesaid Lott Removed ; Provided 
the Said Surplusage doe not Exceed Seaven foot & A halfe. 

[153] Whereas the Inhabitants of y? County of Orange are Still in 
Arrears of y? Severall Assessments Levied by Act of Assembly. 

Ordered that M'' Justice Merrett & Mr Justice Schuyler doe with 
all Convenient Opportunity Goe into the S^ County & Call the Collectors 
there to Account of y? Said Arrearages & upon non-paym* & refusal 
thereof to Cause Distress to be made for the Same or Sudi Other 
Punishment as the Severall Acts of Assembly doth direct; and out of 
the Said distress to make Payment of y? former and Present Expence. 

Order'd that the Bridg be filled up thirty foot More and y\ the per- 
sons formerly Appointed doe Attend the performing of the Same and 
draw upon the Treasurer for what Shall be Disbursted for the perfect- 
ing thereof. 



Cittyof ) 
N.Yorkej 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Sc id Citty on Munday the 
27^1* day of Augt Ann 1694 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq'' 
Will Merrett 
RoW Darkins 
ISaac Van Vlecq 
Ebenezer Willson 
Thomas Clarke 
Rip Van Dam 
John Vandespregel 
John Crooke 



Mayor 
y Aldermen 

> Assistants 






[154] The Mayor Acquainted this Board that the Citty was greatly In 
Debt, and how Nessessary itt would be Some means were taken for the 
Satisfying of the Same which if not Suddenly performed would be 
much to their discredit. 

The Mayor proposed the Selling of the Vacant Lotts begining att 
the West Side of the Wall Street, and running to the Extent of Castor 
Luersons Ground for the payment thereof and Accordingly itt is Voted 
that the Said Lotts be Exposed to Sale and that the Respective Inhabi- 
tants fronting the Same have the preference thereof. 



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358 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The Grant from the Citty to Mr Willson & M*" Qarke for the Ground 
bounded on the West by the Wall Street & on the East by the Ground 
of Gerrett Roose &c : was read & the Signing thereof Refer'd till the 
Surveyors make their Report whether the Same hold out According to 
the Said Grant, without Incroaching upon the Wall Street. 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Tuesday the 
28'? day of Aug^ AHiT. 1694 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq^^ Mayor 
Will Beeckman 
Will Merrett . ,,, 

Rob! Darkins ^ Aldermen 

ISaac Van Vlecq 
Ebenezer Willson "^ 
Thomas Clarke 
Rip Van Dam 
John Crooke 



>-Asistants 



[155] Mr James Evetts one of the Surveyors of this Citty Informed 
this Board that he has Surveyed the Ground Mentioned in the Grant to 
M'' Ebenezer Willson & M^ Thomas Clarke and that the Same Ranges 
Westerly with the Wall street without any ways Incroaching therein. 

Ordered that the Mayor Sign the Same Grant and Cause the Scale 
of the Citty to be Affixed thereunto. 

Ordered that M«" Clarke M^ Willson & M'' Van Dam doe take Care 
for the Repaireing of y^ Wharfe by the Citty Hall and that they draw 
upon the Treasurer for what Money Shall be disbursted. for the Effect- 
ing thereof; & that they Also discourse w^!? Jarvis Marshall about 
finishing his wharfe. 

Ordered that the Dock be Lett to farme for three years and that 
the twentieth day of Sep^r next att the house of Ml Edward Buck- 
master be the time and place Appointed for y* Demiseing of the 
Same, & to be Lett upon the former Regulations & that the persons 
who farme y? Same doe give in Security to pay and performe the 
Covenants Agreed on ; And that all Boats &c : that goe into any of the 
Slips in the Smiths Fly pay the Same Rates as if they Came into the 
Citty Dock and to be for y? benefitt of the farmer of the Said Dock* 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



359 



[156] Cittyof )^j^ Att a Common Council held att the 



.Aldermen 



>. Assistants 



N : Yorke \ Citty Hall of the Said Citty on on Friday 

the 31^!? day of Aug! 1694 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESql Recorder 
William Beeckman 
William Merrett 
Robert Darkins 
ISaac Van Vlecq 
Ebenezer Willson 
Thomas Clarke 
Rip Van Dam 
John Crooke 

Resolved by Majority of Votes that the Lotts of Ground Voted 
to be Sould the Last Common Council be Accordingly Exposed to 
Sayle att the Rate of thirty Shilings ^ foot and that Alderman Merrett 
Alderman Darkins Mr Willson and M^ Clarke or any two of them be 
a Committee to Agree with the Several Inhabitants for y? Respective 
Lotts fronting the houses they now Dwell in According to the Rate 
Abovesaid and make Reporte thereof to the next Common Council 

The Assessors Returned the Valuations of the houses Lands and 
Personal Estates within their Severall Wards which were perused and 
Judged to be Unequal and not proportionable Upon which the Said 
Assessors were sent for who all Appeared Except those of the out ward 
upon which this board Informed them of the Mistakes that were Com- 
mitted in their Several Assessments and desired that the Same might be 
Amended. 

Upon Reading his Excellencies Letter &c : Ordered that the Mayor 
Recorder and Alderman Merrett doe upon Tuesday next goe up into 
the County of Orange and there Cause distress to be made for the 
Several Assessments in Arrearage Levied [157] by the Several Acts 
of Assembly and make return thereof with the first Conveniency and 
what Charges Shall Acrue thereby Shall be Paid out of the Distress 
made. 

Order'd that the Treasurer pay unto M*^ James Evetts one of the 
Surveyors of this Citty the Sum of Six pounds as A Reward for Sur- 
veying and Laying out Severall Parcells and Lotts of Ground in 
the Dock Street and Several Other Such like Services by him performed 
for the use of the Citty. 

Orderd that the Treasurer pay unto William Sharpas the Sum of 



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360 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



four pounds Nine Shilings being for one Quarters Sailer^' for Engross- 
ing y? Mortgage of the ferry, pen Ink and paper and for drawing 
Engrossing &c: A Grant of Land to Mr Willson and Mr Clarke as 
Appears by his Account which is Allowed. 

Upon further perusal of y? Assessments aforementioned and the 
Several Orders of Common Council Concerning the Same itt is Or- 
dered that Alderman Schuyler Alderman Merrett Mtf Van Vlecq M*" 
Willson Mr Clarke and M'^ Van Dam or any five of them to forthwith 
Examine y' Said Respective Assessments and Rectifie the Same Ac- 
cording to the true Intent and Meaning of the Act of Assembly for y^ 
raiseing the penny ^ pound and make return thereof vnto the Clerkes 
office on Monday morning next. 



Cittyof ) Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorkej Citty Hall of the Said Citty the 11*? day of 

Sep^r Ann. Dom. 1694. 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Will Beeckman 
[158] William Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler V Alderman 

Gerard Douw 

ISaac Van Vlecq F 

Ebenezer Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel > Assistants 

Rip Van Dam 

John Crooke 

The Committee for Regulatcing y? Assessments of the penny ^ 
pound make the following Reporte (Vizt) In Pursuance of the within 
written Order wee have mett and haveing read the Act doe finde that 
the Intent thereof is that the Governour ought to have one penny in 
the Pound of the real and Personal Estates of all the Freeholders & 
Inhabitants of this Citty and y\ y? Assessors ought to Estimate att the 
Intrinsick Value as near as they Can but wee finde y\ wee have no 
power to Rectifie the Same but Lies in the Justices of the Peace of each 
County and the Mayor and Aldermen of this Citty. 
Citty. New Yorke 

Aug! 31^1' 1694 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



361 



Order D y\ y« Ordinance for Ascertaining the Demensions of Caske 
be Continued for three Monthes longer 

Order'd that Alderman Van VIecq AW Darkins M«" Willson and 
M'' Van Dam be A Committee to Audite And Adjust the Accounts of 
the Citty. 

[159] Upon Reading an Order from the Governour & Council bearing 
Date y? 8*? Instant upon the Petition of Daniell Veenvos and Thomas 
Lamberts desireing that y^ Mayor and Aldermen doe not proceed 
to the Saile of the Land which the Petitioners Claime A Right unto 
untill the matter Can be heard before his Excellency and Council on 
Thursday the 13*^ Instant. 

Pursuant thereunto Order'd that the Recorder doe waite Upon the 
Governour and Council and offer Such things as may be requisite on 
the Cittys behalfe. 

Ordered yl y« Publick wells within this Citty be Repaired as 
formerly. 

1 Order'd that the Surveyors of this Citty doe Lay out the Several. 
Lotts of Ground in the Dock Street Granted from the Said Citty to the 
Respective Purchasers thereof ; That they also Ascertaine the Surplus- 
age of Ground that Shall Remaine Above what formerly Granted And 
that the Mayor Execute A Deed for the Same According to former 
Order. 



Citty of ) 
N:Yorkej 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on the 20*»^ day 
of Sep*^f Ann. Dom. 1694. 



Aldermen 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq'' Mayor 

James Graham ESqF Recorder 

Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robt Darkins 

Ebenezer Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel 

Rip Van Dam 



} 



V Assistants 



[160] Resolved that Tuesday next be the day Appointed for Agreeing 
on Such Conditions as will be proper for the Demiseing the Dock and 
y! Thursday next be the day for farmeing the Same. 



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362 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citty of 1 
NrYorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att y» 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Tuesday the 
25*^ day of Sep*'^ 1694 



. Aldermen 



>> Assistants 



J 



Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESq^ Recorder 

Will Beeckman 

Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

RoW Darkins 

ISaac Van Vlecq 

Thomas Clarke 

Rip Van Dam 

John Vandespregel 

Adolph Meyer 

M^ John Lawrence Mr Castor Lieuerson Sen^ & M'' Samuell States 
Appeared before this board and Severally Accepted of the Ground 
Opposite their Respective houses wherein they now Dwell According 
to the Rates Aforementioned and Agreed on the 31^1* of Aug^ Last, 
M^ Lawrence desires the Grant may be to Miles Forster and M^ Lieuer- 
son also desires his may be to Castor Lieuerson Jun^ and John Vande- 
spregel. 

The Several Accounts hereafter Named (Viz*.) Capt Brandt Schuy- 
ler Amounting to four Pounds fourteen Shilings Cap^ Lyndall four 
Pounds fourteen Shilings Capt. Kip [161] four Pounds thirteen 
Shilings and three Pence, Capt. Merrett four Poimds fourteen Shilings, 
Capt D : Peyster four Pounds fourteen Shilings Capl Van Vlecq four 
pounds thirteen Shilings and three pence Capt D: Bruyn three Pounds 
Seaven Shilings and Six pence were Brought in Perused and Allowed 
of and Orderd y\ y* Treasurer pay the Same. 

Orderd yt y^ Treasurer pay in Course to Alderman Van Vlecq the 
Sum of one Pound ten Shilings being for three halfe fatts of Beer &c : 
by him Provided for the use of the Citty as Appears by his Account 
which is Allowed. 

Ordered y\ the Surveyors Lay out the Respective Lotts of Ground 
to Low water Marke Accepted to be bought from the Citty by ^I'' John 
Lawrence Mr Castor Lieuerson and M^ Sam" States in Order that 
Grants may be Accordingly Executed for the Same & make Return 
thereof by the first Conveniency. 

Order'd yt the Markett house or Shed in the broadway be Lett to 
farme unto Henry Crosly of this Citty Butcher for the Terme of Seaven 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



36s 



AM. 



>-Ara. 



Years att one pound ^ Annum Upon Consideration that he put the 
Same in good Repaire and Soe to maintaine and Yield up the Same att 
the Expiration of the Terme Aforesaid & yJ A Lease be Executed 
Accordingly. - 

Cittyof ) Att A Common Council held att the 

NiYorkej Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Wensday 

the 2S*^ day of Sep^r Ann. 1694 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq*" Mayor 

James Graham ESq'" Recorder 

Will Beeckman ^f*, . 

Will Merrett 
[162] Brandt Schuyler 

Robi Darkins 

ISaac Van Vlecq 

Gerard Douw 

Ebenezer Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel >. Assistants 

Rip Van Dam 

Adolph Meyer 

The Assessors of this Citty (Viz!) Lawrence Reade John Theobald 
John Harpendinck Jacob Boelen Timon Van Borsen, Witt Teller Suert 
Olphett Jacobus Colett & John D Peyster being Summoned Appeared 
before the Justices in Order to their being Sworn to Assess the halfe 
parte or Moyety of one thousand and fifty one Pounds According to an 
Act of Assembly Entituled An Act for the raiseing & Paying one 
hundred and Seaventy men for the Secureing the Frontiers of this 
Province in the Citty & County of Albany And Accordingly the follow- 
ing Oath was Administered unto them. You and Every of you that are 
Chosen Assessors of the Respective Wards within this Citty doe 
Solemnly Swear that you will well truely Equally Impartially And 
According to your best understanding Assess and Rate the Inhabitants 
Residents & Freeholders of this Citty until! you fully Assess the full 
Sum of five hundred twenty five pounds ten Shilings being the 
Moyety or half Parte of one thousand & fifty one Pounds to be Im- 
ployed for the paying one hundred & Seaventy men for the Secureing 
of the Frontiers of this Province in the Citty & County of Albany. 
Soe help you God. 

[163] Agreed that Mr Daniell Veenvos have the Ground fronting to 
the house he now liveth in for the Sum of Sixty Pounds Currant Money 



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4 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

of this Province According to the Quantity Contained in his former 
Patent and Soe to Low water Marke & Ordered y\ y* Surveyors Lay 
out the Same and Make return thereof with the first Conveniency. 

Ordered y\ the Treasurer pay to English Smith the Sum of three 
Pounds Eighteen Shilings being for halfe years Sallery Brooms & 
Nails as Appears by his Account w*^l* is Allowed. 

Order'd that there be A Patent Drawn for Granting to Cap! John 
Evans the Ground from High water to Low water marke fronting to 
the Land by him Lately Purchased Adjoyning to Curlers Hooke and 
that the Surveyors of the Citty doe Accordingly Lay out the Same. 

Cittyof ) Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorkei house of M' Edward Buckmaster the 28*? 

day of Sep^'' 1694 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

Ja: Graham ESq? Recorder 

Will Merrett "^ 

RoW Darkins s-AlderHI: 

ISaac Van Vlecq J 

Eben : Willson S 

Thomas Oarke * v Assist*? 

John Vandespregel J 
Resolved that the Dock of this Citty be lett to farme for the Terme 
of Seaven Years to Commence from the first day of November next 
Ensueing upon such Conditions and Regulations as is hereafter 
Specified. (Viz*) 

That the farmer thereof att or before the first day of May next 
Ensueing after the Date hereof Shall put the wharfes of y? Said Dock 
in good and Sufficient Repaire and Soe to Maintaine and Leave the 
Same att the Expiration of the Aforesaid Terme, & y\ Possession 
thereof be not Given till after the Ensealing and Delivery of the Lease. 
[164] That the Farmer Shall be obliged to pay what he Shall Farme 
the Above Revenue att to y? Treasurer of this Citty by Even Quarterly 
Payments Currant Money of this Province. 

That the Farmer Shall be Obliged before the Ensealing and Deliv- 
ery of the Lease for y? Same to Give Such Sufficient Security as the 
Mayor Aldermen and Commonality of the Said Citty Shall Judge 
Needfull for the true Performance of Each Respective Covenant 
Contained in the Said Lease. 

That if the Farmer Shall Neglect to Give Such Security as Above- 
said that then the Said Dock Shall be Again Demised and if Lett for 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 365 

Less then first Agreed on the Said first Farmer is to make good and 
pay the Loss with all Charges and Expences; and if the Same be 
farm'd for more he to have no benefitt thereby 

That Whatever Vessells Boats &c: which Shall goe into any of 
the Slips in the Smiths Fly Shall be Obliged to pay Such Rates as 
Vessells of the like burthen w*^? goe into the Aforesaid Dock and the 
benefitt thereof to be to the Farmer of the Said Dock. 

And upon the Aforesaid Conditions the Said Dock to be Demised 
to the Fairest bidder. 

Upon which Proclamation was made to Give Notice to all Persons 
y\ then was the time Appointed for the Demiseing the Said Dock and 
that Every body had free Liberty to bid for the Same & Accordingly 
Several Persons Appeared and made there offers but M'' Thomas 
Clarke haveing bid fourty pounds ^ Annum and being the highest 
bidder itt is Ordered that the Same be Accordingly Demised to him. 

[165] Orders & Regulations for Payment of Dock Money in 

Y? CiTTY OF N : YORKE 

That all Vessells Sloops & Open boats belonging to this Citty doe 
pay for lying within the Dock or Mould or any of the Slips in the 
Smiths Fly Yearly (that is to Say) 

A Vessell or boate of i Tunn to five Tunns 00 06 00 

If Above 5 Tunns to 10 Tunns 00 09 00 

from 10 to 15 Tunns 00 12 00 

from 15 to 25 Tunns 01 00 00 

from 25 to 50 Tunns 01 10 00 

all Above 50 Tunns 02 10 00 

All Ships or Vessells not belonging to this Porte & that Come within 
the Mould or Dock &c : Shall pay for Every Voyage ; they lyeing there 
not Longer then one Month (That is to Say). 

A Vessell of 10 Tunns or under 00 06 00 

if Above ten Tunns to 20 Tunns 00 12 00 

if Above 20 to 30 Tunns 00 18 00 

if Above thirty to 50 Tunns 01 04 00 

if above 50 to 100 Tunns & upwards 01 10 00 

And if they Lye Above one Month to pay proportionably & 
Soe for Every Month. 
That all Vessells belonging to any Other parts of this Govemmt 
East Jersey and Connecticut as farr as the East end of Fishers Island 
Shall pay no more Dockage but Yearly as the Ships or Vessells belong- 
ing to this porte pay. 



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366 



MINUTES or THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[i66] Cittyof I 
NiYorkej 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Saturday 
the 29*!? of Sep**r 1694. 

A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

Will Beeckman 

Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robt Darkins 

Gerard Douw 

ISaac Van Vlecq 

Ebenezer Willson 

Rip \^an Dam 

John Vandespregel 

Thomas Clarke 



>. Aldermen 



Assistants 



By Vertue of A WarH Issued forth from the Mayor to the Several 
Aldermen of y? Respective Wards of this Citty In order to their 
Electing this day (According to the Usage Custom and Laws of this 
Citty) one Alderman one Assistant two Assessors and one Petty Con- 
stable for each Respective Ward Aforesaid to Serve in the Said offices 
for the year next Ensueing and Accordingly the Same day return was 
made thereof by the Several Aldermen of the Res|>ective Wards 
Aforesaid by the hour of twelve of the Clock to the Office of Town 
Clerke of this Citty under the hands and Seals of y? Said Aldermen 
According to the Tenour of the Aforesaid Ward as foUoweth. 



East Ward 



[167] 



Dock Ward 



South Ward 



rWill Beeckman ESqr 
Mr Ebenezer Willson 
-< Mr Lawrence Reade 
Mr John Theobald 
Lawrence Thomas 
Mr Jacobus Cortlandt 
Mf Johannes D : Peyster 
John Harperdinck 
David Provost Sen'' 
Albert Clock 

''Brandt Schuyler ESqr 
Mr Rip Van Dam 
Will Teller 
ISaac D: Riemer 

^Will Jackson 



Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



367 



West Ward 



North Ward 



Out Ward 



f Rob* Darkins ESqr 
John Vandespregel 
Jocobus Vandespregel 
Tobias Stoutenburgh 
Nicolas Blanke 
ISaac Van Vlecq ESq'" 
Mr John Crooke 
Jacob Boelen 
Tymon Van Borson 
Bemardus Hardenburgh 
Gerard Douw ESq^ 
Adolph Meyer 
Wolfer Webber 
Abraham Boeke 
John Brevoort 
Peter Boekhout 
Peter Oblimis 
Abraham Montagne 
Lawrence Johnson 



Alderman 
Assistant 

t Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

t Asessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 
Assessor K ^, -n 

Surveyors of ye high 
\ ways for y^ Bowry 
Assessor 
Constable 
7 Surveyors of y^ High- 
^Arent Hermanson 1 wayes for Harlem 

]Mr Ebenezer Willson is Continued to Serve in the Office of Cham- 
berlaine of this Citty for y^ Ensueing Year. 

Edward Buckmaster is likewise Appointed for the year Ensueing. to 
Serve In the office of High Constable. 

[168] The Account of Several of y^ Inhabitants of Harlem was pre- 
fer'd to this board Amounting to thirty three pounds three Shilings itt 
being for Cutting & Provideing Stockadoes for the use of this Citty 
which is allowed and Ordered y\ the Committee Appointed for finish- 
ing the Slips in the Smiths Fly or any two of them doe Draw upon 
the Treasurer for the Payment of the Same. 

Resolved that the Several Cap^ of each Respective Company with- 
in this Citty doe provide firewood and Candle for their Said Companies 
dureing their being upon the Guard of y^ Said Citty and Ordered y^ 
the Treasurer doe Monthly pay the Several Bills on that Account 
Expended by Each Respective Cap! 

The Mayors Accounts for the Years Ninety two & Ninety three 
were perused and by the Ballance of the Same itt Appears that the 
Citty is Indebted to him In the Sum of four pounds Eleaven Shilings 
& three halfe pence but that there is Several Debts due to the Citty 
for Lycenses and Freedoms as Appears by the Said Accounts which 
The Treasurer is Ordered to Collect. 



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>. Assistants 



368 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Alderman Schuyler broug^ht in An Account Amounting to four 
Pounds being Disburstments by him made for the Repaireing and 
Amending the wharfes in the Smiths Fly Since last Account which 
is Allowed And Order d that the Treasurer pay the Same. 

[169] Cittyof )^<^ Att a Common Council held att the 

N:Yorke] Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Saturday 

the 6^1' day of October Ann DoiH 1694 

Present A: D: Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESq^ Recorder 
Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler , . , . 

Rob! Darkins ^Aldermen 

ISaac V^an VIecq 

Ebcn: Will son 

Rip \'an Dam 

Thomas Clarke 

John \^andespregel 
Mr Robl Sincklair Mr John Theobald & Mr Peter Adolph 
Acquainted this board they were willing to Accept of >^ Ground 
fronting their Respective houses alt the Rate of twenty four Shilings 
^ foot, which was Accord inj::fly Granted them upon the Consideration 
that they build and Erect A Good »S: Sufficient wharfe of twelve foot in 
breadth att their own proper Costs and Charges and the Said 
twelve foot of Ground to be taken of the Eastermost Side of the Lott, 
fronting to y^ house of the Said John Theobald, and likewise to make 
A Slip w^^ wharfe and Slip are to be and Containe from High water 
to Low water Marke ; That the Said Wharfe is to be made &c: between 
the Street Commonly Called the Wall Street, and the Ground Ac- 
cepted to be bought by the Abovenamed John Theobald and the 
Same to be made and finished within the time Limited And Also in 
Such manner as in the Grant for the Conveying of the Abovesaid 
Ground Shall be Expressed and Sett forth, That M^ John Theobald 
have Eighteen foot, next to y? Said wharfe y*. M^ Adolph have twenty 
foot between the Lott of M'" Vcnvos &: M^ Sincklair and yt M^ 
Sincklair have y? Remainder And y\ Every of the Purchasers Above 
Mentioned doe make y^ Said wharfe and Slip proportionably to their 
Respective Fronts & y\ the Surveyors of this Citty doe Lay out the 
Said Lotts Accordingly. 

[170] Ordered that M'^ Willam Huddleston & ^l^ Conradus Vander- 
beeck be Inviters to Funeralls and yJ they Give Equal Attendance on 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



369 



the Same and that they Also Equally Divide or Share all Such Money 
or Other Profitts and Advantages as Shall Accrue by the Same place 
ft that the Gierke prepare A Warr^ Accordingly. 



Citty^ 



oil 
N:YorkeJ 



SS 



Present 



Aldermen 



.Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Saturday 
the I3*!» day of Octo*^^ 1694 

A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Beeckman 

Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Rob! Darkins 

ISaac Van Vlecq 

Eben: Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel 

Rip Van Dam 

Adolph Meyer 

This day the Treasurer produced the Indenture for the ferry house 
&c :* Signed by William Morris and Rebeckah his wife w^^ was read 
and Approved of & Ordered the Same be Recorded, he Also brought 
in Several Other Patents and writeings relateing thereunto which are 
to Lodge with the Treasurer till further Order. 

The Petition of y^ Wi33 Wislake read itt being for A Grant of the 
Ground fronting her house to Low water Marke which was rejected 

[171] The Account of Mr David Jameson was brought in Amount- 
ing to five Pounds fourteen Shilings, being for Several Orders of Coun- 
cil, A Commission of y? Peace & Several Other Services done for this 
Citty as Appears by the Said Account which is allowed & order'd y*. 
y? Treasurer pay the Same. 

The Account of Edward Buckmaster brought in Amounting to four 
pounds Eight Shilings being for Supplying two Criminalls Eighty days 
with Provisions which is Allowed as A County Charge & Order'd yt 
the Treasurer pay the Same. 

Ordered yl the Treasurer pay unto Mettye Cornelis the Sum of 
Eight pounds two Shilings and Six pence itt being for Entertaining 
his Excel! the Governour in his Return from Connecticut as Appears 
by her Account which is Allowed. 

Order'd that the Treasurer pay unto Direck Vanderburgh Brick- 
layer the Sum of three pounds two Shilings being for worke by him 
Vol. I.- 24 



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370 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

performed in the Citty Hall as Appears by his Account which is 
Allowed. 

The Account of Thomas Coker was read and their Appears to him 
due by Ballance the Sum of Nine pounds one Shiling and Nine pence 
being for Charges and Fees due to him w^hen Coroner of this Citty 
which is Allowed as A County Charge & Order 'd that the Treasurer 
pay the Same. 

Order D yt upon his Excett the Governours Nomination henceforth 
the Street reaching from Burgers Path to the further end of the 
Smith fly by Alderman Beeckmans be Called Queen Street. 

The Scverall Grants for the Ground to the Respective Inhabitants 
of Queen Street. (Vizi) M^ John Theobald Robt Sincklair Peter 
Adolph Miles Forstcr Doctor Samuell States Castor Lieuerson Jun'' 
& John \'andespregel <^' * * * * were read and Approved of & 
Order 'd y* y^ Mayor [172] Sign the Same & Cause the Scale of y^ 
Citty to be thereunto Affixed, and Accordingly the Scale of the Said 
Citty was in y9 Presence of this board Affixed to y? Severall Grants 
Aforesaid. 

Resolved that in Consideration of y? Many Services done for this 
Citty by James Graham ESq^ Recorder of the Same a Certaine Lott of 
Ground lying in the Queen Street in the Said Citty being thirty foot 
in breadth fronting to the Said Street, & fourty foot in the Rear be 
Granted vnto him as an Acknowledgment thereof & Ordered that the 
Mayor Execute A Deed Accordingly for the Same. 

Citty oi )^^ Att A Conmion Council held att the 

N : Yorke ( Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Munday y? 

15^!? day of October Arm Dom 1694 

Present A : D : Peyster ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESq^ Recorder 

Will Beeckman 

Will Merrett 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robt Darkins 

Gerrard Douw 

ISaac Van Vlecq 

Ebenezer Willson 

Thomas Clarke 

John Vandespregel 
r John Crooke 

' Rip Van Dam 

; Adolph Meyer 



>- Aldermen 



• Assistants 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



371 



The Mayor Recorder Aldermen & Assistants Accompanied by 
L\ Colt Charles Lodwik Went from the Citty Hall to the Forte and 
Attended his Excelt the Grovernour and Council before [173] whome 
the Said Coll Charles Lodwik was Sworn to Serve in the office of 
Mayor of this Citty for the Ensueing yeare & likewise Stanley 
Handcock ESqf High Sheriff of y^ Said Citty & County, which 
being done The Old Mayor with the New one attended as Aforesaid 
Returned to the Citty Hall where the New Mayors Commission with 
the Sheriffs were Publickly read the old Mayor resigned the Chaire & 
the New one Accordingly tooke his place. 

The New Aldermen & Assistants after haveing taken the Oaths 
Appointed in the place of the Oath of Alliegance & Supremacy & Sub- 
scribed the Test were Sworn to Execute their Severall Offices for the 
year Ensueing & Accordingly tooke their places whereupon the old 
ones were Dismissed: 

The Constables Elected to Serve the following year were all 
Present And likewise Sworn to Serve in their Said offices 

Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday 
the 25*^ day of October Ami. 1694 

Present Charles Lodwik ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Becckman "^ 

Jacobus Cortlandt L Aldermen 

Brandt Schuyler J 

Ebenezer Willson 

John Vandespregel 

John Crooke ^ Assistants 

John D: Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

This day the following Laws Orders and Ordinances were read 
and Approved of and after the Ringing of three bells were PubUshed 
& Order'd y\ the Same be printed. (Viz^ 

I for the Due Observation of the Lords day. 
[174] 2 Concerning Strangers 

3 Concerning Freemen 

4 for Regulateing & Keeping the Streets Cleane 

5 None to Retaile Liquors without Lycenses 

6 Surveyors of the Citty 



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372 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



7 To Prevent Fire 

8 None to lay hay &c : within ten foot of A Chimney 

9 Concerning hookes Ladders and Bucketts 
ID Penalty on Chimneys on Fire 

11 Negroes Several Orders Concerning them 

12 Penalty on Engrossers & Forestallers of y? Markett 

13 Hucksters not to Engross 

14 No unwholesome or Stale Victualls to be Sold 

15 No blown meat or leprous Swine to be Sold 

16 Concerning Assize of bread 

17 Orders and Regulations Concerning Carmen 

18 No Timber, Stone, Bricks, Lumber &c : to lye in y^ Streets 

19 No Swine to be in the Streets 

20 Officers to be Observant in y? Execution of these Laws 



Citty of ) 
N:YorkeJ 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday the 
20^& of Nov^r 1694 



Present 



Aldermen 



Assistants 



Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Beeckman 

Jacobus Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler 

ISaac Van Vlecq 

Gerrard Douw 

John Vandespregel 

John Crooke 

John D: Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

[175] Order'd that Tobias Stoutenburgh and Olphertz Suerts be 
Viewers of the Chimneys within this Citty for y^ year Ensueing. 

Ordered that Mr John Denieur be one of the Surveyors of this Citty 
In the place of Adolph Pieters lately Deceased. 

Order'd that no Taphouse or Victualler doe Receive or Entertaine 
any Seamen or Saylors to Lodge in their houses whereby they may 
neglect their Masters or Imployers Service upon Penalty of twenty 
Shilings for each Default one halfe for the use of the Citty the Other 
halfe to the Informer and that noe Victualler or Taphouse within this 
Citty as Aforesaid doe trust any Savior or Seamen belonging to Any 
Vessell within this Roade or Harbour Above the Sum of Six Shilings. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 373 

MeJI: That on y^ 24*? day of D^f 1694 The Mayor Appointed 
Lawrence Thomas & Jacobus Cornelis To be Viewers of bread and 
likewise Ordered that y^ Assize of bread be till further Order as 
followeth (VizO 

A White loaf of y? finest flower to weigh 14 ounces for three halfe 
pence. 

A Wheaten loafe the Coarsest bran onely taken out & not Other- 
wise to weigh four pounds for four pence halfe penny wheat being 
att four Shilings ^ Bushell & y^ no Other bread be made for Sale 
then what Above Specified and all Bakers are hereby Required to 
bake and Keep bread in their Shops that the Inhabitants may be 
Accordingly Supplyed as they will Answer the Contrary. 

Citty of ) „^ Att A Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Wensday 

the 16*1* day of January Anno D0ITT 1694 

[-5] 

Present Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt *^ 

Brandt Schuyler Laih 

Robert Darkins | 

Gerrard Douw J 

[176] Ebenezer Willson S 

John Crooke L Assistants 

John D: Peyster J 

Order D that all the Bolters which Bake bread &c : within this Citty 
be Summoned to Appear before this Board to Morrow Morning att 
Eight of the Clock. 

Ordered that a List of the Names be taken of all the Freemen of 
this Corporation and that for the Eifectuall doeing thereof the Mayor 
Assisted with Any two Aldermen doe meet on Every on Every Wens- 
day Morning att the Citty Hall from Nine to Eleaven of the Clock 
untill the Same be perfected and also that an Oath be Drawn up & 
Administred to all Such as Shall be made Free or are Already Free 
According to the Usage & Practice of Corporations In England. 

Ordered that Noe Merchant or handy Craft Tradesman Shall take 
Any Prentice to teach or Instruct them in their Trade or Calling with- 
out being bound by Indentures before the Mayor Recorder or Any one 
of y? Aldermen of the Said Citty and Registred In the Town Clerkes 
Office and not for A Less Terme than four Years ; and att the Expira- 
tion of the Indentures the Said Apprentice Shall be made Free of the 



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374 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Said Citty by his Said Master if he have well and truely Served him; 
& that the Gierke have for Registring each Indenture of Apprentice- 
ship as Aforesaid the Sum of three Shillings to be paid by the Master 
of Such Apprentice bound as Aforesaid. 

Order'd that the Treasurer pay unto the iMayor the Sum of Six 
pounds Nine Shilings And Nine pence Currant Money of New Yorke 
itt being Money by him Disbursted for fire wood Cartage Pitch Bar- 
rells & Cash paid to the Soldiers for makeing A Bonefire as Also for 
Glass lead & Workmanship for the Mending the Windows In the Gitty 
Hall as Appears by his Account which is Allowed. 

The Printer William Bradford brought in An Accompt Amounting 
to the Sum of ten Pounds ten Shilings itt being for Printing of the 
Gitty Laws the Citty Charter &c: as Appears by his Account which 
is Allowed & Order'd that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer 
for the Payment of the Same. 

[177] Order'd that the Ma3^or Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer 
for y^ Paying to Henry Kemball BlackSmith the Sum of three pounds 
three Shilings and Six pence itt being for Iron and Labour for the 
Mending the Citty Prison as Appears by his Accompt which is Allowed* 

Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
the paying of one pound Eighteen Shilings & Nine pence itt being for 
one Quarters Sallery Brooms & Nails due to English Smith Marshall 
of this Citty as Appears by his Account which is Allowed. 

Adjourned till to Morrow Morning Eight A Clock 

Die Jovis hor. Oct. Ante Meridiem 

Gitty of) 
NiYorkeJ^^ 

Present Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Beeckman ."^ 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler ^Aldermen 

Robert Darkins 

Gerrard Douw 

Ebenezer Willspn "^ 

John Grooke I a • ^ i. 

T u T^ o 4. V Assistants 

John D: Peyster C 

Rip Van Dam J 

The Bakers Appearing According to Summons and Declareing that 

the Assize of bread lately Made was Soe high that they Gould Not 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



375 



Comply with the Same without being Loosers thereby or haveing 
litle or no profitt, Whereupon itt is Considered that the Assize of 
bread be till further Order as followeth (Viz!) 

A White loafe of y? finest flower to weigh thirteen Ounces for 
three halfe pence. 

A Wheaten Loafe the Coursest Bran onely taken out & not Other- 
wise to weigh three pounds And A halfe for four pence halfe penny 
wheat being att four Shilings And four pence ^ Bushell. 



[178] Cittyof 
N : Yorke 



SS 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y^ Said Citty on Saturday the 
23^ day of March Anno Dom 1694 [-5] 

Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 
Will Beeckman "^ 

y Aldermen 



^ Assistants 



Cittyof) 
N:Yorkep^ 



Brandt Schuyler 

Rob! Darkins 

Eb^ Willson 

John Vandespiegel 

John Crooke 

Rip Van Dam 
M*" Van Dam Requested of this board that they would Grant him 
Liberty to build A Vessell upon the Cittys Land in the Rear of the 
Burial place of this Citty or thereabouts fronting to Hudsons River 
which is Accordingly Granted. 

Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Friday the 
fifth day of April Anno Dom 1695 

Present Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Beeckman ^ 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt L Aldermen 

Brandt Schuyler J 

Ebei Willson 

John Vandespiegel 

Rip Van Dam ^Assistants 

John D : Peyster 

John Crooke 

The Recorder brought In A Ruff Draught of A Bill for Severall 
Advantages to be Conferred on the Citty which was Reade and Ordered 
to be Engrossed and prefer'd to the Assembly. 



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376 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Order'd that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
payment of y^ Account of William Sharpas Qerke of this Citty which 
Amounts to thirteen pounds Eight Shilings itt being for halfe years 
Sallery Ending the fourteenth of January last, pen Ink and paper, 
Drawing the Lease of the Markett house In the broad way ; Engross- 
ing &c: Seaven Special Deeds for the Land Lately Sold In Queen 
Street; Drawing & Engrossing the Lease of the Dock, and Cash paid 
for the booke of Records N^ 21 as Appears by his Account which is 
Allowed. 

[179] The Recorder Acquainted this board that Severall of y? In- 
habitants of this Citty were Impleaded In the Supream Court of the 
Province att the Suite of ISaac Pfedlow In an Action of Trespass by 
pulling Down A Certaine Fence that was run Cross the Street or High- 
way Leading to the Fortification Called Oyster Pasty and that itt 
would be Requisite the Citty Should Defend the Right itt being one of 
the Publick Streets thereof, & Also that the Persons Inhabiting the 
Same were very poor. Ordered that the Citty doe Accordingly Defend 
the Said Action. 

Citty of ) cc Att A Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Friday y? 

26'? day of April Anno Dom 1695. 

Present Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt ) 
Brandt Schuyler jAldermen 

Eben Willson *S 

John Vandespiegel L Assistants 

John Crooke J 

Ordered that the Assize of bread be till further Order as follow- 
eth Vizt 

A White loafe of the finest flower to weigh fourteen Ounces for 
three halfe pence 

A Wheaten loafe the Coursest bran to be taken out and not Other- 
wise to weigh three pounds three Quarters for four pence halfe penny. 
Upon Reading A Law Impowering this Citty to Lay A Tax for the 
Cleansing And Paveing the Streets &c : Ordered that A Good and Suffi- 
cient Person be Appointed Supervisor for the looking after the Cleans- 
ing A[nd] Paveing of the Said Streets &c: Whereupon M^ Vande- 
spiegel proposed to Undertake the Same & Desir'd tine [time] to Con- 
sider what Sallery he might Deserve for the Effecting thereof. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 377 

Ordered that all the Laws Lately Ordained Att A Common Coun- 
cil held the twenty fifth day of October last past be, Continue, Remaine 
And Abide In full force and Vertue for the Space of three Monthes 
According to their Tenor and Effect, Any thing to the Contrary 
Notwithstanding. 

[180] Order'd that the Treasurer doe Examine the Account of the 
Widdow of Adolph Pieters and Agree with her and pay what he Shall 
finde due upon the Same Makeing Reporte thereof to the Next Com- 
mon Council, 
p. . Att a Common Council held att the 

N-^v'rk ( ^^ ^^^^^ ^^" ^^ ^* ^^^^ ^^"^ ^^ Munday the 

^j 6*t of May Anno Donl 1695. 

Present Charles Lodwik ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESqT Recorder 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt ^ 

Brandt Schuyler V Aldermen 

Rob* Darkins J 

John Vandespiegel S 

Rip Van Dam L Assistants 

John D : Peyster J 

M^ Vandespiegel haveing Considered Concerning y^ Cleaning of y^ 
Streets &c : has propossed to this board that he will Undertake for A 
Year Commencing from the first aay of this Instant May untill the first 
day of May next Ensueing to Supervise the Cleansing of the Streets 
from the filth and Dirte for the Sum of Thirty Pounds Currant Money 
of this Province to be paid by the Treasurer of this Citty Quarterly 
Whereupon itt is Order'd that the Mayor doe Issue out his Warrant 
to the Said John Vandespiegel to Authorize him In the Said office of 
Supervisor &c : and that he be paid by the Treasurer of this Citty the 
Said Sum of thirty pounds Quarterly; And to be paid out of Such 
fund as Shall be Settled for that use. 

Ordered that Alderman Cortlandt Alderman Schuyler M'' Van Dam 
& Mr D : Peyster or any one or more of y? Aldermen And Assistants 
be A Committee to make an Estimate of the Estates of all and Every 
the Inhabitants and Freeholders within this Citty for the raiseing the 
thirty pounds Aforesaid and to make Return thereof on or before the 
first day of July Next Ensueing. 

Ordered that y? Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
payment of two pounds & Six pence unto English Smith Marshall of 
this Citty being for one Q«" Safllery Ending y^ 14*? of April last, Clean- 
ing the Citty Hall brooms & Nails which is Allowed. 



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378 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[i8i] Order D that the Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Lott 
of Ground of M*" Vandespiegel lying in Queen Street which he pur- 
chased from the Citty According to his Grant. & Order'd that the Said 
Street be fourty foot broad from the front of the houses to the 
begining of the Said Lott. 

Ordered that Alderman Cortlandt have A Grant for the Ground In 
the Rear of his house and what Incroachment he Shall make upon the 
wharfe that he make good Soe much on the Other Side as Shall be 
Convenient for the Carting of Goods &c: on the Said wharfe and that 
the Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Same Accordingly. 



Citty of ^ 
NiYorkej^"^ 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y« Said Citty on Wensday 
the 19^? day of June Anno Dom 1695. 

Charles Lodwik ESq'" Mayor 

James Graham ESq^ Recorder 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt^ 



>► Aldermen 



> Assistants 



Brandt Schuyler 

Rob* Darkins 

Gerrard Douw 

Ebenezer Willson 

Rip Van Dam 

Johannes D : Peyster J 
Upon the humble Request of Henry Crosly y? Butcher In the broad 
way that the Citty would be pleas'd to grant him Liberty to fence in 
A Small piece of Ground the breadth of his Shop and About fourteen 
or fifteen foot long for the keeping of Sheep &c : for Slaughter which 
is Granted & Order'd he Accordingly fence in the Same. 



Citty 
N:Yorke 



of) 
rkej 



SS 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Munday the 
8*^ day of July Anno Domini 1695. 
Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt "^ 

S" Aldermen 



Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Eben Willson 
John Vandespiegel 
John Crooke 
John D: Peyster 
Rip Van Dam 



Asssistants 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



379 



[182] Upon Reading an Order from his Excellency the Governour 
Directed to the Mayor & Magistrates of this Citty Requireing them 
forthwith to Summons in all the Freemen of this Citty who by them- 
selves or Servants are to be Immediately Imployed In the Repaire of 
y? Fortifications Bulwarks Flankers & Batteries thereof & that they 
are to See that all the Guns Mounted vpon Any of y^ Fortifications 
be ready and fitt for present Service Powder Ball and Gunners proper 
and fitt to Answer the Present Occasion for the Defence and Security 
of this Citty, &c : and the Same being Considered itt is the Opinion of 
this board that itt is Requisite and Convenient the Fortifications be 
put in Repaire And yt the Freemen &c : of y? Said Citty be forthwith 
Ordered to Labour in the Reparation of y^ same ; but are also humbly 
of Opinion that they have not power to Raise Money vpon the Inhabi- 
tants for the Materialls that will be wanting and Need full for the 
EflFectuall doeing thereof. 



Citty 
N:Yorke 



of) 
rkej 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y^ Said Citty on Tuesday the 
2y^V day of Aug^ Anno Doin 1695 



Present Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESq'' Recorder 



(Aldermen 
vAssi 



Assistants 



Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Ehm Willson 
John Vandespiegel 
Rip Van Dam 
John Crooke 
John D : Peyster 

Mr George Heathcote made Application to this board that they 
would Give him A Deed for y^ Land Agreed to be Granted unto him Att 
A Common Council held y^ 22^ day of April 1693 whereupon itt is 
Ordered that y^ Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Same Pursuant 
to the Said Order. And that the Mayor doe Execute A Deed 
Accordingly. 

Ordered that the Surveyors of this Citty In the Presence of two 
Aldermen & two Common Council men doe lay out the Ground of 
Coll Stephanus V: Cortlandt fronting to the Dock According to his 
Grant & yt the Said Colt Cortlandt, doe build up the wharfe in the 



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380 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Dock which belongs to the Citty, & that he be paid by the Citty for 
the same with all Conveniency. 

[183] Upon i\I^ Van Dams further Application that the Ground be- 
longing to the Citty whereon he lately built A Vessell, (in the Rear of 
y^ Buriall place [)] Might be Continued to him for the Same vse for 
A longer time 

Order'd that he have Liberty to build Vessells thereon for one 
whole year from the Date hereof. 

Order'd that the Severall Lotts to be Laid out in the Shoemakers 
Land be laid Out According to the Draft produced by the Mayor. 

Ordered that the Mayor Issue out his Warrant to the Sheriff for 
the Summonsing of twelue men to Vieu and Appraize what Ground 
Shall be Nessessary to be taken from Cott Cortlandt or any Other 
person or persons for y^ Enlargeing of y^ New Street Adjacent to 
Maden Lane & make return thereof that the Persons att whose Desire 
the Street is laid out may Satisfie the Same. 



Citty of J^.^. Att A Common Council held att the 

N: Yorkej Citty Hall of the Said Citty on Sunday y^ 

29*^ day of September Anno Domini 1695. 

Present Charles Lodwik ESqf Mayor 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt "^ 
Brandt Schuyler L Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

EbelT Willson S 
John Vandespiegel v Assistants 

John Crooke J 

By Vertue of a Warrant Issued forth from the Mayor to the Severall 
Aldermen of the Respective Wards of this Citty In Order to their 
Electing this day (According to the Usage Custom and Laws of this 
Citty) one Aldermen one Assistant two Assessors & one Petty Con- 
stable for each Respective Ward Aforesaid and also Surveyors of y? 
High ways for the Out Ward of y? Said Citty & Harlem, to Serve in 
the Said Offices for the year next Ensueing And Accordingly the 
Same day Return was made thereof by the Several Aldermen of y* 
Respective Wards aforesaid by the hour of Six A Clock in the After- 
noon to the Office of Town Gierke of this Citty under the hands and 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



33i 



Seals of y^ Said Aldermen According to y^ Tenour of y^ Aforesaid 
Warrant as followeth. 

^ William Beeckman ESqr 
John Eutwatse 
East Ward < Mr Lawrence Reade 
M^ John Theobald 
^Jeremiah Tothill 
[184] r Brandt Schuyler ESq^ 

Mr Rip Van Dam 
South Ward < Mr ISaac D: Riemer 
Mr Jacobus Kip 
^John Vansanta 
'Jacobus V : Cortlandt ESqr 
Mr John D : Peyster 
Dock Ward -^ John Harperding 

David Provost Sen*" 
John Fincent 
'Robert Darkins ESqf 
Mf John Vandespiegel 
West Ward. -^ Jacob Vandespiegel 
Peter Williams 
^Tobias Stoutenburgh 
'M'' Jacob Boelen 
Johannes Hardenbrooke 
North Ward.-^ Timon Van Bursen 
Andries Marcarett 
^ James Spencer 
"Gerrard Douw ESqr 
Martin Clock 



Alderman 
Assistant. 

I Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

I Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

I Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

(.Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

I Assessors 



Out Ward 



Wolfert Webber 
John Hendrickson 
Cary Comelisson 
Sent Montagne 
John Kierse 
Lawrence Johnson 
Arent Harmenson 
^John Dyckman 



Constable 

Alderman 

Assistant 

Assessor 
) Surveyors of y* 
J Highways 

Constable 

Assessor for Harlem 
) Surveyors of y? 
J Highways 

Constable 



The Mayor hath Appointed Mr Richard Ashfield high Constable of 
this Citty for the year Ensueing. 

Ordered Mr Ebenezer Willson doe Continue Treasurer of this Citty 
for the year Ensueing. 



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382 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



His Excellency the Governour by the Advice and Consent of y? 
Council did this day In Council Nominate and Appoint Will Merrett 
ESqr to Serve in the office of Mayor of this Citty for the year Ensuemg 

His Excellency has also been pleas'd to Continue John Tuder ESq*" 
High Sheriff for the Citty & County of New Yorke for the Ensueing 
year. 

Ordered that the Marshall doe to morrow morning waite upon 
Major Merrett with the Said Minute of Council. 



[185] Citty of 
N: Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y^ Said Citty on Tuesday y^ 
first day of October Anno Dom 1695. 



Present 



} 



Aldermen 



.Assistants 



Charles Lodwik ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Will Beeckman 

Jacobus Van Cortlandt 

Robert Darkins 

Gerrard Douw 

Eben Willson 

John Vandespiegel 

John Crooke 

John D: Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

Whereas Major William Merrett (Pursuant to an Order of Com- 
mon Council bearing Date the tenth day of August 1692) hath 
Carried Away parte of the Hill or Highway by Mr Beeckmans house for 
the filling up of his Lotts In Queen Street, purchased from this Citty : 
& Whereas the Said Alderman Beeckman hath Commenced an Action 
of Trespass In the Supream Courte of this Province Agt the Said 
Major Merrett for Carrying away the Soile Aforesaid. Orderd that 

the Recorder (In behalf e of the Citty) 
doe Defend the Said Action & that the 
Treasurer doe give him A Fee Accord- 
ingly. 

Whereas the Running of Hogs & 
Swine In the Out Ward of this Citty and 
Liberties of Harlem are very offensive 
and Injurious to the Inhabitants thereof Itt 
is therefore hereby Ordained that all Per- 
sons who have any Hogs or Swine within 



Pursuant to An Act 
of Gen^* Assembly In- 
tituled An Act to Enable 
y* Citty of New Yorke 
to Defray their Publick 
& Nessessary Charge. 

Orderd that Cap* 
Thomas Clarke M^ 
Robt Lurting Mf John 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



383 



CrcK)ke Capt Johannes 
Kip & Mr ISaac D 
Foreest be the Over- 
seers of the poor & 
Publick workes of this 
Citty 



the said Ward & Liberties ; & from and after 
the PubHcation hereof Shall Suffer any of 
them to run att large, that itt Shall and 
may be Law full for any Person to Kill and 
Destroy Such Hogs And Swine without 
being Accountable for the Same to the 
Owners thereof, and what Hogs or Swine 

are Raised within the Said Precincts Shall be Kept within good and 

Sufficient Fence that they may not Annoy their Neighbours & that 

Alderman Douw doe Cause Publish and affix the Same In all the 

Publick places In the Said Ward. 

Ordered that Alderman V: Cortlandt Alderman Darkins Ml D: 

Peyster and Mr Van Dam be A Committee to Audite and Adjust the 

Publick Accounts of the Citty and make Reporte thereof to the next 

Common Council 

Order'd that y? Treasurer doe pay the Mayors Account for weights 

& Measures Amounting to Six pounds Shilings which is 

Allowed. 

Ordered that the Window in the Citty Hall behinde the bench be 

Mended And that the Treasurer doe See the Same done with all 

Convenient Speed. 

Ordered The Mayor Sign A Warrant to y? Treasurer for the paying 

of three pounds Eighteen Shilings and Nine pence to English Smith 

being for halfe Years Sallery as Marshall of this Citty Ending the 14*!? 

Instant and for Brooms & Nails which is Allowed. 



[186] Citty 



of) 
N:Yorkej 



SS 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of yf Said Citty on Saturday the 
12*1' day of October Anno Dom 1695. 

Charles Lodwik ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESql Recorder 

Witt Beeckman 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler ^Aldermen 

RobJ Darkins 

Gerrard Douw. 

Ebenezer Willson 

John Vandespiegel 

John D: Peyster ^Assistants 

John Crooke 

Rip Van Dam 



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384 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Upon the Consideration that Alderman Beeckman hath lett fall the 
Suite and Process which he had Commenced Ag\ Major Merrett, itt 
is Orderd that Major Merrett Shall take Care to put and keep in good 
Repaire all Such fence as Shall fall Down by means of his Carrying 
Away the Earth near the Same. 

Ordered that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
paym^ of yf Sum of Seaven pounds Nineteen Shilings Currant Money 
of this Province to M^ David Jameson Ct of y^ Council, being for one 
Commission of y? peace one Scale three Orders of Council three times 
reading the Citty Bill three times Engrossing the Same three Seals & 
A Coppy of the Bill to the printer which is allowed & the Treasurer 
Ordered to pay the Same. 

An Accompt of S^ Edmond Andros (as itt Stands Stated in the 
Treasurers Bookes the year 1681) was read and by Ballance itt Ap- 
pears that there is Still due and vnpaid vnto the Said S'' Edmond 
Andros the Sum of Eighty Nine pounds Eighteen Shilings & ten pence 
farthing Currant Money of New Yorke; itt is therefore Ordered that 
the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for the payment of the 
Said Sum of Eighty Nine pounds Eighteen Shilings and ten pence 
farthing Currant Money Aforesaid & that the Treasurer doe Accord- 
ingly pay the same. 

Order'd that the Mayor Sign Warrants to the Treasurer for the 
])ayment of y^ Accompts of Capt Brandt Schuyler Cap^ EbeiT Willson 
Cap^ John Merrett Cap^ John Kip and Cap^ John D Bruyn & Capt 
John D : Peyster each Amounting to the sum of five pounds Sixteen 
Shilings & also for y^ payment of y^ Account of Capt John [187] Tudcr 
Amounting to two pounds fourteen Shilings and also to the Widdow of 
Capt ISaac Van Vlecq Deceased the Sum of three pounds two Shilings 
being Money by them Disbursted for furnishing the Night Guard of 
this Citty with fire and Candle to the first of August last which is 
Allowed & Order'd the Treasurer Accordingly pay the same. 

Order'd that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to y? Treasurer for the 
payment of five pounds Eighteen Shilings and three pence to John 
Ellison Joynerj, being for Mending y? Stares att y5 landing place tlie 
Ducking Stoole, the litle bridge, the Stares of y? Citty Hall & for planke 
Nails & Other Nessessaries as Appears by his Account & Order'd the 
Treasurer pay the Same. 

The Deed for Granting to Alderman Cortlandt the Ground in the 
rear of his now Dwelling house Pursuant to an Order of Common 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



38s 



Council bearing Date the Sixth day of May last was read & Approved 
^ Order'd the Mayor Execute the Same. 

This board takeing into Consideration the Dilligence of y? Present 
Town'Clerke William Sharpas and the Small Incouragement he has by 
the Multitude of business which he does ex officio doe Order that the 
Said William Sharpas Shall be Annually Allowed the Sum of ten 
pounds New Yorke Money over and Above his Sallary Dureing his 
Officiateing the Said Office of Town Clerke and that the Treasurer be 
Order'd to pay the Same Quarterly as his Sallery is paid. 



Citty of 
N: Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Munday the 
14*^ day of October Anno Domini 1695. 



Present Charles Lodwik ESqf Mayor 
James Graham ESqJ Recorder 



William Beeckman 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
RoW Darkins 
Gerrard Douw 
Ebenezer Willson 
John Vandespiegel 
John D: Peyster 
Rip Van Dam 
John Crooke 
Adolph Meyer 



^ 



>► Aldermen 



Assistants 



[188] The Mayor Recorder Aldermen and Assistants Accompanied by 
Major William Merrett the Mayor Elect and attended by the High 
Sheriff the Constables & Other Officers of the Citty went from the 
Citty Hall to the Forte and waited on his Excelt the Govemour and 
Council before whome the Said Major Merrett was Sworne to Execute 
the Office of Mayor of this Citty for the Year Ensueing and Accord- 
ingly his Excellency Delivered him A Commission And the rod. John 
Tuder ESqr was also Sworne to Execute the Office of High Sheriff of 
y? Citty & County of New Yorke and Orange County and Accordingly 
Recev'd his Commission whereupon the Old Mayor with, the New one 
Attended as Aforesaid Returned to the (^itty Hall where the New 
Mayors Commission with the Sheriffs were published ; which done the 
Vol. I.-25 



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386 



MINUTES OF THE COMxMON COUNCIL 



Old Mayor Resigned the Chaire & Delivered up the Charter and Seals 
& the New Mayor Accordingly tooke his place. 

The New Aldermen and Assistants After haveing taken the Oaths 
appointed In Stead of y^ Oaths of Alleigance & Supremacy And Sub- 
scribed the Test were Sworne zvere Sworne to the Due Execution of 
their Respective Offices for the year Ensueing whereupon the Old Ones 
were Dismissed and they Accordingly tooke their places; except John 
Hardenbrooke Returned Assistant of y^ North Ward who was Absent. 

The Constables Elected to Serve the following year were Swomc 
to the due Execution of their Said Offices Except Mr Jeremiah Tothill 
who was Excused he haveing the Kings Commission for A Lieu* of y* 
Militia ; & Tobias Stoutenburgh Returned for the West Ward who was 
Absent 

Order D that the Mayor Issue out his warrant to Alderman Beeck- 
man for the Chuseing of A Constable in Stead of M** Tothill. & Order'd 
that Tobias Stoutenburgh have Notice to waite vpon the Mayor in 
Order to his being Sworne in his Said Office. 



Cittyof ) 
N:YorkeJ^^ 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* said Citty on Wensday y* 
i6*^ day of October Anno Dom 1695 



Present Witt Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 



[189] 



Aldermen 



Aldermen 



•Assistants 



William Beeckman / 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

John Vandespiegel 

John D Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

John Euwatse 

Martin Clock 

Ordered that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
paying of Eight pounds two Shilings Currt Money of New Yorke to 
William Sharpas Q of this Citty itt being for halfe Years Sallery End- 
ing the 14*? Instant twice Ingrossing the Citty Bill three times Read- 
ing the Same & for pen Ink and paper for Six Monthes ending the 14'^ 
Instant which is Allowed & Ordered the Treasurer pay the same. 



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ESq*? Aldermen 



OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 387 

Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* said Citty on Tuesday the 
2&^ day of October Anno Dom 1695 

Present Witt Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Will Beeckman 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Rob! Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
Gerrard Douw 
John Vandespiegel 
Rip Van Dam 
John Euwatse 
John D Peyster 
Johannes Hardenbrooke 
Martin Clock 
[190] Johannes Kip 

John Crooke 
RobJ Lurting 
ISaac D Foreest 

Upon Reading An Act of Gen^ Assembly Entituled an Act to En- 
able y* Citty of New Yorke to Relieve the poor & Defray their Nesses- 
sary and Publick Charge Order'd that the Overseers of y* poor &c: 
doe Visitt the severall Wards of this Citty and Examine what poor 
there is that are fitt Objects of their Charity & make an Estimate what 
will be Nessessary to be Raised for their Reliefe and make Reporte 
thereof to the Clerkes office this day forthnight. 

Mf Johannes Hardenbrooke Returned to Serve as an Assistant for 
y? East Ward had the Oaths Administred to him Appointed Instead of 
y? Oaths of Alleigance & Supremacy And subscribed the Test And 
tooke the Oath of A Common Council Man & Accordingly tooke his 
place. 

Ordered that Alderman Cortlandt AW Schuyler AW Darkins, Capt 
D : Peyster M^ Rip Van Dam & M*" John Euwatse together with the 
Overseers of the Publick buildings or Any three of them be A Com- 
mittee to Examine what will be wanting for yf Nessessary Reparation 
of y^ Citty Hall And that they Call to their Assistance Such Carpenters 
and Bricklayers as they Shall Judge Needfull to Advise with in the 
Same And make Reporte thereof this day forthnight 

Ordered That the Overseers of y« poor & Publick works &c : doe 



•Assistants 



Overseers of 
^y^ poor &c : 



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388 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



bring in An Estimate for y^ paying of y^ Sallary of the Supervisors of 
y? Streets for one Year Commencing from the first of May last and 
make Reporte thereof this day forthnight. 

[191] Ordered that Cap^. Kip doe View what will be Needfull for y* 
Nessessary Making or Repairing the bridge over the fresh water 
and make Reporte thereof this day forthnight 

Ordered that Mf Vandespiegel doe goe to Mn Veenvos And Ac- 
quaint her that if she will Accept of the Land fronting her house Att 
the Rate itt was Offered her husband in his life time that the Citty will 
Grant the same to her if not that they will Expose itt to Sayle by 
Publick Outcry. 



Citty of )„ 
NiYorkej^^ 






ESq"? Aldermen 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday y? 
19*^ day of November Anno Dom 1695 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt "^ 

Brandt Schuyler 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

John Vandespiegel 

Rip Van Dam 

John Euwatse 

Martin Clock 

Thomas Clarke 

ISaac D: Riemer 

Robert Lurting 

Johannes Kip 

[192] Mr John Theobald Jacobus Kip John Harperding Jacob Van- 
despiegel Peter Williams Tymon Van Borson Andries Marschalcke 
& Wolfert Webber Assessors of this Citty were all Sworne to Assess 
the Inhabitants & Freeholders &c: Pursuant to the Severall Acts of 
Assembly hereafter Named (Viz*) An Act for y? Raising Eight hun- 
dred pounds for y? paying and Maintaining the Officers and Soldiers 
Imployed for y? Securing the Frontiers of this Province att Albany 
from y? first of May 1695 to the first of August Next Ensueing And 
One Other Act Entituled An Act for y? Raising the Sum of Eight 
hundred Sixty four poimds & fifteen Shilings for y? paying & Maintain- 
ing A Company of Fuzileers Imployed on y? Frontiers & Att Present 



>. Assistants 



Overseers of the 



poor &c: 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 389 

under y? Command of Major Schuyler from the first of August last 
till the first of March next following And also One Other Act En- 
tituled an Act for the Raising the sum of seaven hundred pounds to 
Enable his Excellency to Keep the men that are now in y? Companies 
Appointed by his Majesty And to Encourage Others to List themselves 
in the Same. And Also one Other Act of Assembly Entituled An Act 
for y^ Raising one thousand pounds to be Imployed by An Agent for 
the Representation of the State of this Province 

Ordered that the Severall Laws hereafter Named be fairly En- 
grossed and Printed Wiz\ 

Concerning Delinquents of Common Council 
Guagers Packers & Cullers 
Sealing weights & Measures 

Masters of Vessells to Give Acct of their Passengers 
Marke of Weights & Measures 
Bucketts to be Kept. 
[193] Packers Marke upon Beef and Porke 
Ordinance for Paving 
Viewers of Chimneys 
Freemen to be Inrolled & Swome 

Apprentices to be bound before y* Mayor or some Alderman 
Not more then 4 Negroes to be together. 

The Committee Appointed to Examine what would be Nessessary 
for yf Reparation of y? Citty Hall &c : make their Reporte as foUoweth 
(Viz!) Citty of New Yorke November y? I3'l» 1695 Pursuant to the 
within written Order wee whose Names are hereunder written, having 
Called to our Assistance two Sufficient Carpenters and Bricklayers (who 
also have hereunto Subscribed) have Examined the Premisses and doe 
finde the Citty Hall As itt now is not to be Sufficient but Are of Opin- 
ion that the Sum of one hundred and fifty pounds Curr* Money of this 
Province will Repaire the Same & Make itt fitt for use for y? Terme of 
five or Six Years. J: V: Cortlandt Rip Van Dam Olfert Suerts 
Brandt Schuyler Abraham Janse & Hermanns Van Gelder 

The Overseers of y^ poor Pursuant to An Order last Common 
Council doe Reporte that they finde itt Nessessary that the Sum of 
one himdred pounds Currant Money of this Province be Raised for y? 
Maintainance of the poor for one Year which is Approved of Accord- 
ingly and Ordered that A Tax be made for y« paying the said sum 
And the said to be paid Quarterly. 
[194] The Overseers &c: doe likewise Reporte that they thinke itt 



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390 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Requisite that the Sum of fifty pounds Currant Money Aforesaid be 
Raised for y^ furnishing the Night Guard of this Citty with fire and 
Candle for A Year which is Accordingly Approved And Ordered that 
A Tax be Raised Accordingly 

Cap! Kip Reporteth he is of Opinion that the sum of one pound 
Sixteen Shilings Curr^ Money of New Yorke will be Sufficient for y? 
Making A bridg over the fresh water. 

Adjourn'd till 2 a Clock Afternoon 



hora 2^ post Meridiem 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Brandt Schuyler "^ 
Robert Darldns L Alderman 

Gerrard Douw J 

John Vandespegel 
John Euwatse 

John Hardenbrooke ^Assistants 
Rip Van Dam 
Martin Dock 
Thomas Clarke overseers of y^ poor 

Resolved that the Debts of the Citty be paid & Orderd that for y« 
Effectual doing thereof the Same be Recommended to the Overseers of 
the poor & Publick works &c: that they may Consult and Agree on 
such proper Methods for the Raising A fund for the Payment thereof 
as they [195] Shall See most Easy and Requisite and make Reporte 
thereof this day forthnight. 

The Petition of English Smith was read Setting forth that findeing 
An Abatement of y? Fees of the Mayors Courte And litle business 
Otherways whereby he has A Profitt and also that he found itt Impos- 
sible to Live by A Dependance on y? Present Sallary and prays itt may 
be Advanced Whereupon itt is Ordered that he be Annually Allowed 
the Sum of two pounds tenn Shilings Currant Money of New Yorke 
Over and Above what was formerly Allowed him And that itt Com- 
mence from the 14^1" day of October last past. 

Ordered that tlie Overseers of the poor &c: doe borrow twenty 
pounds Upon Interest for the Present Reliefe of the poor untill Such 
time A fund Can be Raised for their Maintainance. 

Ordered that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for y? 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



391 



>.ESq^ Aldermen 



Payment of fifteen pounds Currant Money of New Yorke to Mr Vande- 
spiegel being for halfe Years Sallery Due to him as Supervisor of the 
Streets And Ending the first day of this Instant November. 

Ordered that the Overseers of Publick works and buildings doe 
Examine what Needfull Reparations is wanting for the securing the 
Citty Hall this winter and that they Imploy Persons for the doeing 
thereof and Raise A fund for their Payment. 

[196] Citty of ^ ^« Att A Meeting of y? Mayor Aldermen 

New Yorke ( & Assistants & Overseers of y? poor &c : att 

y« Citty Hall on Tuesday y? 3** day of 
December 1695 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
Jacobus V. Cortlandt" 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robt Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
John D: Peyster "^ 
John Euwatse 
John Vandespiegel 
John Hardenbrooke 
John Kip 
Thomas Clarke 
Robert Lurting 
John Crooke 

The Overseers of the poor doe Reporte that they thinke itt Need- 
full the Debts of the Citty be paid and are of Opinion that the 
Easiest Method for doeing the Same is to Sell the Land lying on the 
West side of the Custom house bridge and thinke itt Requisite his 
Excellency be Addressed for his Permission to Erect buildings thereon 
which is Approved. And that the Recorder doe Accordingly draw an 
Address to his Excellency and bring in the same on Tuesday Next. 

Ordered that Direck Vanderburgh Bricklayer be the Overseer and 
Viewer of y? harths and Chimneys of each Respective Ward and that 
att Any time when he Shall thinke fitt he take to his Assistance the 
Constable of each Ward to Examine and Inspect into the Keeping of 
the Same Clean Swept & Repaired and that he Provide [197] Six 
Ladders two whereof to have hookes and to bring in his Acc^ of y? 
Charge thereof to the Common CounciL 



.Assistants 



>. Overseers of y* poor 



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392 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Citt>' of I 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Councill held att the 
Citty Hall of y^ said Citty on Tuesday the 
lo^* day of Dec**r Anno Dom 1695 



Present 



William Merrett ESqf ^layor 

James Graham Esqr Recorder 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

Rip Van Dam 

John D Peyster 

John Hardenbrooke 

John Euwatse 



} 



ESq'? Aldermen 



L Assistants 



The Recorder brought in A Petition Pursuant to the Order of the 
last Meeting of y? Mayor Aldermen and Assistants & Overseers of the 
poor &c : which was three times Read and Approved And Ordered to 
be Engrossed and that the Mayor and Recorder doe waite on his 
Excellency to morrow morning with the same. 

The fo lowing Laws were read and Approved and Ordered to be 
forth with Published (Viz*) 

for the Observation of the Lords Day 
Concerning Strangers 
Concerning Freemen 
Concerning Keeping the Streets Clean 
Concerning Retailers of Liquors 
Surveyors of the Citty 
[198] To Prevent Fire 
Concerning Negroes 
Engrossers and Forestallers 
Assize of bread 

No Timber &c : To lie in the Streets 
Concerning Swine 
Regulations Concerning Carmen. 

Officers to be Observent in the Execution of these Laws 
Concerning Negroes & Indian Slaves 
Common Council not to be Absent upon Summons 
Guagers, Packers, and Cullers 
Weights and Measures to be sealed 
Masters of Vessells to Give an Acct of their Passengers 
Concerning Bucketts 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



393 



Packers Marke on beef and Porke 
Freemen to be InroUed 

Apprentices to be bound before y? Mayor &c: 
Ordinance for Paving the Streets &c : 
Laws and Orders for y? Govemmi of y? Dock & Slips 
The Above Named Laws were after the Ringing of three Bells 
Published According to Order. 

The Petition of y^ Carmen for greater wages and only 24 Carmen 
to be Admitted was read & Rejected 

Ordered that Mr Johannes V: Cortlandt in Consideration that he 
att his own proper Cost and Charge Shall build & Erect A good and 
sufficient Wharfe on the East side of the little bridge att the lower 
End of the broad Street & Keep and Maintaine the same in good 
and Sufficient [199] Repair for Ever, that A Grant be made to him 
att the Rear of his Lott near the said Bridge for tenn foot of Ground 
he Releasing to the Citty four foot in the Front of his said Lott. 

Adjourn'd till to Morrow morning 9 A Clock 

Die Mercurii Ante Mer. D^^^ ii^? 1695 

Common Council mett and Adjourn'd till to morrow Morning Nine 
A Clock. 



Citty of )gg 
New Yorkej 



Att A Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* said Citty on Thursday the 
12*? day of Dec''^ Anno DoUT 1695 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
John Vandespiegel 
John Euwatse 
Rip Van Dam 
John Hardenbrooke 

The Mayor and Recorder Reported they Delivered the Petition 
(Ordered last Common Council) to His Excellency who Answered 
that he would view the Place and Advise with his Majesties Council 
what would be proper to be done in that matter. 



>- ESq^? Aldermen 



Assistants 



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394 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



} 



.Overseers of y* Poor. 



The following Oath of A Freeman was read and Approved And 
Ordered the Said be Printed and Administred to all [200] Such as 
Shall be made Freemen of this Citty 

The Oath of A Freeman 
[The oath not entered.] 

[201] Citty of )^,^ An A Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y^ said Citty on Friday y* 13*? 

day of December Anno Dom 1695 

Present William Merrett ESqf Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler ^ESq'? Aldermen 

Robert Darkins 
John Vandespiegel 
John Hardenbrooke L Assistants 

Rip Van Dam J 

Thomas Clarke 
Robert Lurting 
ISaac D : Foreest 
John Crooke 

Ordered that the Treasurer waite Upon Colt Lodwik And Examine 
his Acct. and Receive the Ballance due to the Citty and Enter y? Same 
in the Citty Bookes. 

Ordered that the Treasurer Deliver Doctor States his Grant for 
the Ground fronting his house and Allow towards the Payment of the 
Same what Money the Citty is Indebted to him for his Sallary as an 
Assembly man for this Citty And take his Receipt for y* same. 

Ordered that the Carmen have for Carting Every Pipe of Wine 
Nine pence and for Every hogshead of Rum Sugar and Molasses four 
pence halfe penny. 

[202] Resolved that all the Inhabitants of this Citty their Apprentices 
and Children that were here att the time the Charter was Granted be 
Allowed and Deemed Freemen of this Citty they Registring their 
Names in the Town Clerks office for which Each Person Soe Registred 
Shall pay Nine pence. 

Ordered that the Surveyors lay out the Ground belonging to the 
Citty from the Corner of Delavalls Ground to the first house West- 
ward and from Low water marke to the High-way and make Reporte 
thereof to the next Common Council. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



395 



Citty of ) ^.« 
New Yorkej 

Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday the 
23? day of Jan 1695 [-6] 

Will Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqF Recorder 

Brandt Schuyler 



.Aldermen 



Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

John Vandespiegel "^ 

John Hardenbrooke L Assistants 

John D : Peyster J 
The Acct of Mr John Lawrence late Mayor of this Citty was read 
and itt Appears that by Ballance thereof he is Indebted to the Citty in 
the sum of seaven pounds fourteen Shilings and three pence. Ordered 
that the Treasurer Receive the same & Give A Discharge to the said 
John Lawrence [203] The Ace*, of Colt Charles Lodwik late Mayor of 
this Citty was read and Allowed And by Ballance itt Appears that he 
is Indebted to the Citty in the Sum of thirty four pounds Eighteen 
Shilings and Six pence Itt is therefore Ordered that the Treasurer 
doe Receive the Same And Give A Discharge 

The Petition of Direck Slike Francis Cooley John Daniell Peter 
Oday Melgert Casparas Springsteen William Gysbert John Doublett 
& Simeon Soumoine was read & Ordered that they be Admitted 
Freemen of this Citty paying the Fees of their Certificates only. 

Ordered the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for the Pay- 
ment of two pounds twelve Shilings to English Smith being for one 
Quarter Sallery due the 14*^ Instant And Broomes and Nails which is 

Allowed. 

Att a Common Council held att the 

gg Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Wensday y? 

29*^ day of January Anno DoTH 1695 [-6] 

Present William Merrett ESqf Mayor 

James Graham ESqf Recorder 

Jacobus V: Cortland t"^ 



Citty of 
NrYorke 



Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
John Vandespiegel 
John D: Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
Rip Van Dam 



y ESq*? Aldermen 



.Assistants. 



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396 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



[204I Rfsolved that the Collector or Collectors of the Money Raised 
& Levyed by Act of Gen^ Assembly be Allowed for Collecting the 
same the sum of six pence ^ pound for all such sum or sums of Money 
as he or they Shall Levy or Collect by Vertue of the Said Acts, and 
the Mayor Informing the board that Cap^ Ebenezer Willson would be 
A proper Person for Executing the said office the said Cap* Willson 
was Accordingly sent for who Appeared and Accepted of y* said 
office of Collector of the Citty and County of New Yorke for y* 
Consideration Aforesaid And Ordered that the Mayor Issue out his 
Warrant Accordingly taking Security as the Law Directs. 



Citty of )gg 
New Yorke V 



Att A Meeting of y? Mayor Aldermen 

Assistants & Overseers of the poor of the 

Said Citty att the Citty Hall of the Said 

Citty on Saturday y^ first of February 

i695[-6] 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt*^ 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Beolen 

John Vandespegel 

Rip Van Dam 

John Hardenbrooke 

Thomas Clarke 

John Kip 

John Crooke 

ISaac D Foreest 

[205] Whereas Att A Common Council held on Tuesday y? 19*^ day 
of November last itt was Resolved that the Debts of the Citty be paid 
And for y* Effectual Doing thereof itt was Recommended to the 
Overseers of the poor and Publick works &c: to Consult and Agree 
on Such proper Methods for Raising A fund for y? paying of yt 
Same as they Should see most Easy and Requisite & make Reporte 
thereof and Accordingly the Said Overseers have made a Reporte as 
followeth (Vizt) 

New Yorke January y? 31*? 1695 [-6] 

Whereas there is An Act of Gen^ Assembly made in the Seaventh 
Year of his Majesties Reign Entituled An Act to Enable the Citty of 
New Yorke to Defray their Publick Charges by Vertue of which Said 
Act The Common Council of the said Citty are Enabled to make Choice 



vESq'? Aldermen 

L Assistants 

Overseers of 
y^ poor &c : 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 397 

and Elect by Majority of Votes five Freemen of the Said Citty who 
with the Said Common Coimcil are to Raise all Taxes for Defray- 
ing of y? Publick Charges of y? Said Citty now Especially for Main- 
taining of the poor Repairing the High ways and all Publick Buildings 
And the Common Council having Recommended Unto us the Nesses- 
sity of Paying the Citty Debts Repairing the Citty Hall And Mend- 
ing the bridge Wee Doe assent to the Raising of Six hundred thirty 
five pounds Nine Shilings And one penny two farthings for the Sev- 
erall Uses Undernamed and for no other use or Uses whatsoever, 
for the Payment of Edward Buckmaster two pounds four Shilings 

li s d 

Nicolas Bayard 18 19 05 

James Graham 04 00 00 

Stephen V Cortlandt 00 08 02j^ 

Johannes Kerfbyl 05 00 00 

[206] James Spencer 00 09 00 

Johannes D Bruyn 09 03 06 

ISaac Van Vlecq 04 16 00 

Coll D : Peyster 04 11 01^ 

Direck Vanderburgh 06 00 00 

Augfustus Grassett 26 02 yy 

the Widdow Schuyler 232 00 00 

the Scavenger 15 00 00 

the Boatmen for Making y^ Slips 150 00 00 

To the Cap*? for their Disburstments 34 16 00 

To David Jameson 07 19 00 

for Carrying the bridg 30 foot farther into 

y? Dock 30 00 00 

for to Provide wood & Candles for the^ 

Militia On the Night Watches 

And for y? more Easy Raising the Above S? Sum of Six hundred 
thirty five pounds Nine ShiHngs and One halfe pence Wee doe Agree 
that their be An Assessment made for three hundred and Seaventeen 
pounds fourteen Shilings and Seaven pence three farthings upon all 
the Freeholders Inhabitants And Sojourners within the Said Citty And 
that the Same be done Equally & in due Proportion by the Swome 
Assessors of y? Citty att or before the tenth day of February Next 
Ensueing and Levied att or before the twenty fifth day of March and 
paid to the Severall Creditors Above Named that parte which is 
Raised for that Intent att or before y* first day of April Next, Every 



\ 50 00 00 



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398 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Creditor Above Named being to Have his Equal proportion And that 
att or before the first of June the Freeholders Inhabitants And Sojourn- 
ers be Assest by Equal proportion for one hundred fifty Eight pounds 
twelve Shilings & three pence And the Same Levied And paid unto the 
Treasury of this Citty att or before y? five & twentieth day of June 
Next And the Creditors Aboue Named to be paid their parts att or 
before the first day of July Next And Wee doe further Agjee that the 
Freeholders Inhabitants and [207] Sojourners of this Citty by Equal 
Proportion att or before the first of September Next be Assessed for 
one hundred fifty Eight pounds twelve Shilings and three pence and 
that the Same be Collected and paid into the Treasury of this Citty 
att or before y? 25*^^ of September next and that the Creditors within 
Named be paid their Equal proportions Att or before y^ first of 
October Next And Whereas their Are sundry Persons Not Named by 
us in this Instrument that Claime of y? Citty Sundry sums of Money 
and haue Credit for y? same in the Citty Bookes, some Whereof wee 
finde have purchased Land of the Citty and Others are Tenants to 
the Citty Soe that they Can Discount with the Citty And for y* Rest 
they have not been long due Soe may be paid out of y? Revenue as 

itt Comes in. ,. , _.. 

Johannes Kip 

Thomas Clarke 

ISaac D: Foreest 

John Crooke 

Which Reporte is Approved Nemine Contra dicente And Ordered 
that the Severall Taxes be made for y? Raising the Said Respective 
Sums of Money And that A Warrant be forthwith Issued out to the 
Assessors for the Assessing the Said Sum of three hundred And 
Seaventeen pounds fourteen Shilings and seaven pence three farthings 
payable att or before the twenty fifth of March next and make Re- 
turne of their Assessments to the Clerkes Office on or before the 10*? 
day of this Instant February. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



399 



[208] Cittyof ^^^ 
NrYorkej 7I 



I Jt. I 



ESq"? Aldermen 



Att A Common Council held att the 

.Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on on Tuesday 

the lo*^ day of March Anno DoTH 1695 [-6] 

Present William Merrett ESqf Mayor 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

John Vandespiegel 

John D : Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

John Hardenbrooke 
Itt is Unanimously Agreed that the Mayor doe Sign A Warrant to 
the Treasurer for y^ Payment of fifteen pounds Eight Shilings and 
four pence Currant Money of New Yorke with yf Incidental Charges 
of y? Execution itt being for to Discharge Obadiah Selby & Robert 
Melling Out of Prison being taken in Execution att the Suite of ISaac 
Bedlow for Committing a Trespass by Pulling Down a Fence in the 
Street leading to the Oyster Pasty which Action the Citty did Engage 
to Defend att a Common Council held y^ fifth day of April last And 
Ordered that the Treasurer pay the Same. 



L Assistants 



Citty 
N: Yorke 



of) 
rkej 



SS 



Att a Meeting of y? Mayor Aldermen 
& Assistants att the Citty Hall of the Said 



Citty on 
i695[-6] 



Thursday y? 12*^ of March 



Present 



[209] 



VUl 

} 



ESq" Aldermen 



William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
Gerrard Douw 
John Vandespiegel 
John D Peyster 
Rip Van Dam 
John Hardenbrooke 
John Euwatse 

Upon Application of Anthony Farmer that he might be Abated in 
the Rent of the Shed which he hires from the Citty itt being Very 



ESq'* Aldermen 



Assistants 



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400 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



much out of Repaire And Ready to fall Down itt is therefore Or- 
dered that he be Abated one Quarters Rent and Acquitted of his 
Agreement. 

Upon Reading y? Petition of y? Inhabitants of Pearle Street Setting 
forth the great Apprehensions they have of being Injured by the Gun 
Powder Lodged in the Ware house Near Whitehall which is Insuffi- 
cient for that Service & Desire that the Same may be Removed & 
Effectual Care taken to Secure them in their Estates & Persons. 

Ordered that Alderman Schuyler Cap! D: Peyster & Mr Rip Van 
Dam doe View whether the Sloughter house formerly Imployed for 
that use be Sufficient for y* Lodging the Same which if itt be that they 
Order the powder to be Removed thither Accordingly. 

Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
y? paying the Acct of William Bradford Amounting to five pounds 
Nine Shilings itt being for a Booke of y? Acts of Assembly to [210] 
Printing An Ordinance Printing y? Citty Laws & Making up the Bodes 
of y^ Laws which is Allowed & Ordered the Treasurer pay the Same. 

The Petition of y? Inhabitants of y? Street Called Oyster Pasty was 
read Setting forth that Some of them were lately Impleaded in the 
Supream Courte for Pulling Down A Fence Run Cross the Said 
Street And understand the same is Again to be fenced w^^ will 
Obstruct them from going to their habitations to Relieve their families 
to their great Damage therefore prays this board will take Some Care 
they may have A Passage to their houses for the Reliefe of their 
families Aforesaid. 

The board will Consider of y? Premisses Ag! Next Common 
Council 



.Citty 
NrYorke 



of) 
rkej 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday y? 
26^^ day of March 1696 



Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqf Recorder 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Gerrard Douw 
Jacob Boelen 
John Vandespiegel 
Rip Van Dam 
John Hardenbrooke 



ESqf? Aldermen 



L Assistants 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 401 

The Petition of Jarvis Marshall was Read Setting forth his Inability 
in Complying with the Citty in paying [211] The Sum of fourty five 
pounds for which an Action was Lately Commenced Ag* him by the 
Citty praying that he May haue further time for y* payment thereof 
And that the Action may be withdrawn. Rejected 

The Memorial of Colt Stephen V : Cortlandt was read Desiring the 
broad Street may be laid out streight or Even vpon A Direct Line from 
the house of Jacob Meleyn along the house where M' Le Boyteaux lives 
in and soe to the Dock and what itt Cutts of from his Ground by the 
Turners Shop he is willing to loose for what itt Shall take in from y? 
Citty Ground att y* Dock near y* litle Bridge and make the wharfe 
of Stone as is Ordered &c: And Desires A Committee of y* Common 
Council be Appointed to View the Ground And haue full Power to 
make A final Determination & Agreement with him in the Premisses 

Ordered that Alderman Darkins AM Boelen M^ Vandespiegel and 
M*" Van Dam be A Committee to Goe Upon the Premisses ft Examine 
the Same and make Reporte of their proceedings therein to the Next 
Common Council 

M^ Samuell States Appeared before this board & Acquainted them 
of some Defect in A Deed which he had from the Citty for y* Ground 
fronting his house And Desires the Citty will Give him A New 
Grant for the Same with A Covenant that he Shall have the Said Land 
to Low water marke and that No Person or Persons whatsoever Shall 
Ever haue Any Right or Title to any Ground (to Erect buildings 
thereon) between the Ground [212] to be Granted to the Said Samuell 
States and the River Or Harbour on Any Pretence whatsoever and 
that Neither the Said States his Heirs or Assigns Shall Erect Any 
Any buildings between the Street fronting the Said River and Low 
water Marke without Special Lycense of y* Mayor Aldermen and 
Commonality of this Citty for the time being. 

Ordered that Alderman Darkins Alderman Boelen M' Van Dam 
ft M^ Vandespiegel be a Committee to Examine what Vacant Ground 
there is in the Dock Street belonging to the Citty between Low water 
Marke and the Ground formerly sold to the Inhabitants of y? Said 
Street, Limited ft Specified in their Severall Grants And make Reporte 
thereof to the next Common Council. 

Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
y* Paymt of Eighteen pounds fifteen Shilings and Eight Pence Cur- 
rant Money of New Yorke to Colt Nicholas Bayard itt being in full 
Ballance of all Ace*? between him and the Citty as Appears by the 
Treasurers Bookes and Ordered that the Treasurer pay the same. 
Vol. I.-26 



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402 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Ordered that the Inhabitants of Beaver Street doe forthwith Pave 
the Said Street from Side to Side and y« Aldermen and Common 
Council men of y* Respective Wards the Same belongeth unto doc 
Order the Regular Paving thereof. 

[213] Upon Application of the Inhabitants of Harlem that they may 
have Liberty for their Hoggs to Run att Large within the said Precinct 

Ordered they have Liberty Accordingly they making their Fences 
Six Rales High in Order their Improved Land May not be Damnified 
thereby. 



Citty of ) 
N:Yorke 



SS 



KESq' 



'? Aldermen 



.Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday the 
^ 3** day of March 1696. 

Present Will Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqF Recorder 

Jacobus V. Cortlandt ' 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robt Darkins 

Gerrard Douw 

John Vandespegel 

John D: Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

John Hardenbrooke 
Ordered that the Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Ground 
Desired by Colt Cortlandt in his Memorial According to the Directions 
of the Committee Appointed to goe upon the Premisses And Examine 
the Same the last Common Council And make a Draft thereof and 
Return the Same to the Qerkes Office with all Convenient Expedition 
and that the said Coll Cortlandt have Liberty to Proceed in his build- 
ing till the Same is perfected and that the Committee Aforesaid doe 
Dispose of the Shed Standing Upon the Said Ground to the best 
Advantage, and Make Return of y^ Conditions the S? Colt Cortlandt is 
to performe in writing. 

[214] Ordered that the Severall Laws Orders & Odinances Published 
y5 tenth day of December last be Againe Published And Accordingly 
the Said Laws were after the Ringing of three Bells Published A 
Ordered to Continue in force till further Order. 

An Order of Council bearing Date y^ 26*? Instant was read in these 
words The Answer of y? Mayor Recorder and Aldermen of y? Citty 
of New Yorke vpon the Petition of Cap! John Kip & Others was read, 
A Cbppy thereof Ordered to be Given to Cap! John Kip & Thursday 
Next Assigned for hearing both Parties before his Excelt in CounciL 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



403 



Ordered that M*^ Mayor Aldeniian Douw alderman or Either 
of them ft Mr Hardenbrooke Assisted by Mr Tuder as Council for y^ 
Citty doe Attend his Excelt in Council on Thursday Next and Informe 
them that by Vertue of y5 Charter the Citty hold y? Land in Contro- 
versie & Ordered that the Treasurer doe fee M^ Tuder Accordingly 



Citty of ^ 
N:Yorkep^ 



[^151 



Att a Meeting of the Mayor Alder- 
men Assistants & Overseers of y? poor &c : 
att the Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Fry- 
day the third day of April 1696 
Present Will Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt ^ 

V Aldermen 



Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
John Vandespegel 
Rip Van Dam 
John Hardenbrooke 
John Kip 
Thomas Clarke 
Robert Lurting 
ISaac De Foreest 



y Assistants 

I overseers of 
j y? poor &c: 



The Petition of Wessell Peterson for Six Acres of Land lying be- 
tween the Land of Solomon Pieters and A Htle bridge within this 
Citty was read and this board are all of Opinion that itt is not Con- 
venient to Dispose of Any Commonage & therefore the Petition 
Rejected. 

Adjourned till Munday Morning 



Citty 
N : Yorkc 



of) 
rke} 



SS 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Said Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Mun- 
day the ii*t day of May 1696 

William Merrett ESq*" Mayor 

James Graham ESq? Recorder 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

Rip Van Dam 

John Hardenbrooke 

John Euwatse 

Martin Clock 



ESq'f Aldermen 



^Assistants 



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404 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

[216] Ordered that the Inhabitants fronting to Burgers Path doe att 
their own proper Charge make the Said Path Convenient for Carts to 
goe to and from the water Side According to the Directioiis of yf 
Surveyors of y? Said Citty 

The Same Order for y? Slip att Maiden Lane. 

The Petition of Capt Ebenezer Willson for A Grant for some Land 
from the Street to Low water Marke on y? West Side of y? house of 
Thomas Hooks for y? building of A Slaughter house Containing About 
twenty four foot in depth & One hundred foot Along the Street was 
read. Ordered that the Same be Granted for thirty Years and that y* 
Surveyors lay out the Same. 

The Petition of Alderman Cortlandt was read desiring that A 
Slip or Inlett may be made before the Citty Hall And that the Petitioner 
will make the Same att his own Proper Cost and Charge which is 
Accordingly Granted 

The Petition of Peter Slade for land fronting his house Refer'd 
to further Consideration 

Ordered that the Mayor Sign A Warrant to y? Treasurer for y? 
Paying to English Smith the Sum of two pounds thirteen Shilings for 
one Quarter Sallery Ending the fourteenth day of April last & for 
Brooms & Nails which is Allowed And Ordered that jr* Treasurer 
pay the Same. 

Ordered that the Mayor Sig^ A Warrant to the Treasurer for y^ 
Payment of thirty Six pounds Currt [217] Money of this Province to 
James Graham ESq^ itt being In full for his Service as A Representa- 
tive of this Citty to the breaking up of y? last Sessions of Gen** Assem- 
bly as Appears by Vouchers Signed by the Members of the house of 
Representatives which is Allowed & Ordered y* Treasurer pay y* 
Same. 

Ordered the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for y? Pay- 
ment of thirty Six pounds Currant Money of this Province to Cap! 
Teunis De Key itt being in full Satisfaction for his Service as A Rep- 
resentative of this Citty to the breaking up of y^ last Sessions as Ap- 
pears by Vouchers Signed by the Speaker of the Said house which is 
Allowed & Ordered y^ Treasurer pay the Same. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 405 

Citty of } ^« Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorkej Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday y? 

12^1' day of May Anno DolII 1696 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

RoW Darkins , ^c, ^ .,, 

- , T^ , yESq" Aldermen 

Jacob Boelen '^ 



Gerrard Douw 
Rip Van Dam 
John Hardenbrooke 
John Euwatse 
Martin Clock 



>. Assistants 



Upon Consideration of building A New Citty Hall itt is Ordered 
that Alderman Cortlandt Alderman Darkins & Alderman Boelen Mr D : 
Peyster M^ Rip Van Dam & M' Euwatse together [218] with Capt. 
Clarke Mr Lurting & Capt. Kip be A Committee to make A Draft of 
y? Citty Hall ft the Conveniencey that thereunto may be NeedfuU and 
Compute ft Estimate what the building thereof may Cost ; and likewise 
how Much this Citty Hall and Ground & the land under the Trees by 
Burgers path will Sell for & make Reporte thereof in fourteen days 
to the Qerkes office. 

Upok Reading the Petition of y? Inhabitants of the broad Street for 
y* making of A Common Seuer through the Same itt is Ordered that 
Alderman Schuyler Alderman Boelen Mr D: Peyster and Johannes 
Vandespiegel together with the Surveyors of this Citty or Any four 
of them be A Committee to make an Estimate of what the Said Com- 
mon Seuer will Cost ft make Reporte thereof to the Clerkes oflSce this 
day forthnight 

Ordered that the Overseers of y? poor doe Appraize ft Expose to 
sayle the Goods of Grace Screen Deceased and Defray the funeral 
Charges out of y^ same and with the Overplus pay Such Debts as is 
Due from y? Said Estate to the Creditors of y? Said Deceased. 

New Yorke June y? lo*? 1696 

Ordered That the Assize of bread be till further Order as fol- 
loweth (Viz!) 

A White loafe of y? finest Flower to weigh Eleaven Ounces for 
three halfc pence 



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4o6 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



A Wheaten loafe the Coarsest bran only taken out and Not Other- 
wise to weigh three pounds for four pence [219] Halfe Penny and that 
No Other be made for sale then what Above specified. And that No 
Person or Persons Shall Presume to Bake bread Biskett or Coockees of 
Any Sorte or Kinde whatsoever within this Citty without Entring their 
Names with the Mayor & by him Admitted as they will Answer y? 
Contrary att their Perills and all Bakers Soc admitted by the Mayor 
Are hereby Required to Keep bread in their Shops that the Inhabitants 
may be Supplied Accordingly. 



Citty of j 
NiYorkel 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att y? 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday y? 
i6'l' day of June Anno Dom 1696 



Present 



William Merrett ESq^ 
Wilt Beeckman 
Jacobus V. Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
RoW Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
Gerrard Douw 
Rip Van Dam 
John D : Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
John Euwatse 



Mayor 



>.ESq^ Aldermen 



. Assistants 



Resolved that in Consideration that the Respective Inhabitants of 
Dock Street will build A Wharfe or Street of thirty foot wide att Low 
water Marke to Remaine for A Publick Street &c: that y* Vacant 
Ground between the Said Street or wharfe, and their former Pur- 
chases from this Citty be Granted Unto them att the Rate of Nine 
pence each Flatt foot, they being to Erect no buildings [220] thereon 
Otherwise then in Such manner as will be att Large Mentioned in 
their Severall Grants for y? Same (that is to say) the Front of y? 
houses Fronting the water Side to be of Brick or Stone & the Said 
houses to be two stories High att the least and that No buildings Shall 
be Erected before the Said Purchasers and that the Said Wharfe or 
Street Shall Run vpon A Direct Line from A Certaine Knotch made 
Upon the wharfe fronting the Citty Hall to the wharfe in Queen Street. 

Whereas The Mavor and Aldermen of this Cittv on the tenth dav 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



407 



of this Instant June did Order and Publish that all Bakers of bread 
witliin this Citty Should not Presume to Bake bread for Sale without 
Enrolling themselves with the Mayor & be Admitted by him & 
And Whereas the Said Bakers have taken No Notice thereof in Con- 
tempt of the Said Order Itt is therefore hereby further Order'd that 
if Any Person Shall Presume to Bake bread for Sale w ithin this Citty 
without being Enrolled and Admitted as Aforesaid [he| Shall for 
Every offence forefeite twenty Shilings and all Such Persons as 
Design to be Soe Admitted are to Enroll themselves with the Mayor 
[on] or or before to Morrow att Six of y^ Clock in the Evening. 



Citty of ) 
NrYorkep^ 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? the Said Citty on Fryday 
y^ 19th. day of June 1696 



[221] 



Present William Merrett ESqf 
William Beeckman 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
RoW Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
John Vandespiegel 
Rip Van Dam 
John Euwatse 
John Hardenbrooke 
Martin Clock 



Mayor 



>.ESq'^f Aldermen 






Assistants. 



The Committee to make an Estimate of what the Common Seuer 
in the broad Street will Cost doe Reporte that they haue taken the 
Demensions of y* Said Street and doe finde itt to be in Length from the 
Comer of M'' Le Boyteaux to the Upper Wall by M*^ Van Vlecq's 
Eleaven hundred And fifty Eight foot, And doe Compute that Everv 
foot will Cost fifteen Shilings and that the Severall Streets running 
into the Said Street are in breadth One hundred and twenty two foot, 
which is Concluded in the Aboue Eleaven hundred and fifty Eight 
foot, Brandt Schuyler Jacob Boelen J : D : Peyster James Evetts 

Ordered that the Surveyors of this Citty doe lay out the Ground 
belonging to the Land from the Corner of the Fortification att 
Burgers Path to the Lott of M^ Graham Granted by this Citty, And 
from A Certaine Old Wall to the Line Rtm for y5 Placing the wharfes 



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4o8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

which are to Run from Queen Street, to the Dock And that they Ascer- 
taine the Demensions thereof and make A Draft of the Same And 
Ordered that M^ Vandespiegel doe procure a Coppy of y* Pattent of 
Govert Lockerman and that they make Return thereof to the Next 
Common Council. 

Adjourn'd till Tuesday morning Eight A Clock 



[222] Cittyof )gg Att a Common Council held att the 

N: YorkeV Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday y? 



23^ day of June Anno Dom 1696 



Present William Merrett ESq'' Mayor 
William Beeckman 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
John Vandespiegel 
John D: Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
Rip Vandam 
Martin Clock 



>.ESq^ Aldermen 



>- Assistants 



Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
y? Payment of fourty one pounds Currant Money of New Yorke to 
Cap; Brandt Schuyler itt being in full Satisfaction of his Service as a 
Representative of this Citty to the breaking up of the last Sessions of 
Assembly as Appears by Vouchers Signed by the Speaker of y? Said 
house which is allowed And Ordered the Treasurer Pay y^ same. 

Whereas y? Slaughter houses in Queen Street Near y? Gate Are 
become A Great Nusance to the Inhabitants Adjacent by the Noisome 
Smell of y^ filth thereof Itt is therefore Ordered that No Butcher or 
Other Person whatsoever doe Slaughter Any Cattell of any Kinde 
whatsoever within the Same After y? Seaventh day of July Next En- 
sueing Upon Penalty of twenty Shilings for each head soe Killed one 
halfe thereof to the Informer & the Other halfe to the Citty. 

[223] Ordered that Alderman V: Cortlandt Alct Schuyler M'' Van 
Dam & Cap! D: Peyster be A Committee to Discourse the Widdow 
Clopper About her Releasing A Certaine Lento And the Ground itt 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



409 



Stands on to this Citty for the better Regulateing A Certaine Street 
Called Maiden Lane & Upon what Conditions She will Release the 
Same, and Make Reporte thereof to the Next Common Council. 

The Petition of Alderman Beeckman Read for A Grant of A Cer- 
taine Piece of Ground lying between the Land of Stuyvesants Bowry 
& Kipsbury & that he is willing to Pay the Value thereof Ordered that 
CapS Schuyler and M'' Clock be A Committee to Vieu the Premisses 
& take to their Assistance the Surveyor Gen^ to Survey the Same and 
make A Draft thereof and make Reporte of their Proceedings therein 
to the Next Common Council 



Citty of ) 
NiYorkep^ 



Present 



[224I 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Fryday y? 
26*? day of June Anno DoiTi 1696 

William Merrett ESq'^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqF Recorder 

William Beeckman 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

John D: Peyster 

John Vandespiegel 

John Hardenbrooke 

John Euwatse 

Rip Van Dam 

Martin Qock 



>-ESq'? Aldermea 



>• Assistants 



By Majority of Votes itt is Agreed that A Citty Hall be built. 

Ordered the Mayor Sign A Warrant to the Treasurer for y? paying 
of English Smith the Sum of one Pound fourteen Shilings and ten 
pence in full of his Sallary As Marshall of this Citty from y? 14*? of 
April last till y? time of his being Discharged from y? Said Office And 
Ordered that the Treasurer pay y* Same 

Ordered the Mayor Direct A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
Payment of fourty one pounds Currant Money of New Yorke to Mr 



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4IO MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Lawrence Reade itt being in full of his Sallary as one of y^ Represen- 
tatives of this Citty in Gen'^ Assembly as Appears by Voudiers under 
the hand of the Speaker of the Said house which is Allowed 3i 
Ordered the Treasurer pay the Same. 

Adjourn 'd till two A Clock Afternoon 



Common Council Mett according to 
Adjournmt 

Present William Merrett ESq' Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Jacobus \^: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
[225] John V^andespiegel 

John D Peyster 
Rip Van Dam 
John Euwatse 
John Hardenbrookc 
Martin Clock 



y 



ESq^? Aldermen 



Assistants 



MeV: itt is Proposed that y^ Easiest and best way for the build- 
ing A Citty Hall Powder house &c: is to Mortgage the Rent of y? 
Ferry for fifteen Years ; to Sell y^ Present Town Hall & Ground there- 
unto belonging, and the Ground Concluded to be Sold in the Rear 
of the Dock Street att Nine pence ^ foot, for y? building the Same to 
the Value of three thousand Pounds the undertaker having yt Benefitt 
of y? Rent for Powder and Other Conveniences all Publick Rooms and 
Offices Excepted and that the Said Citty Hall is be built and Covere<i 
by the first day of November Next Come twelve Months. 

Whereupon itt is Ordered that M^ Mayor Calling to his Assistance 
Such of y^ Aldermen and Common Council As he Shall thinke fitt 
& the Surveyors of this Citty & Such Carpenters and Bridclayers as 
may be Needful! doe take the Demensions of the Several parts of the 
Said Citty Hall as will be Needfull to be built for the Sum aforesaid. 

Ordered that the Mayor and Aldermen doe forwarne M'? Veenvos 
to lay Any timber Stones Stockadoes &c : or to Erect Any buildings on 
the Citty Land fronting her Now Dwelling house. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



411 



[226] Cittyof 
NrYorke 



SS 



ESq'? Aldermen 



. Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of the said Citty on Thursday 
the 2^ day of July Anno Dom 1696 
Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESq^ Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Jacob Boelen 
Grerrard Douw 
Robert Darkins 
John D Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
Rip Van Dam 
Martin Clock 

Ordered that Alderman Schuyler Alderman Darkins At?l Boelen 
Cap* D Peyster M^ Van Dam M^ Hardenbrooke And M^ Euwatse 
together with the Surveyors of this Citty be A Committee to make an 
Estimate what the building of A New Citty Hall will Amount to & 
where itt will be most Convenient to place the same and yl they Con- 
sider of y? Easiest and most proper Method for the Raising A Fund to 
build the same and that they Likewise make A Draft and Ascertaine 
y* Demensions thereof. 

Att a Common Council held att the 
SS ^itty Hall of y5 Said Citty on Monday the 

third day of August 1696. 
Present William Merrett ESq*" Mayor 
William Beeckman 
Brandt Schuyler 
Rob* Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
Gerrard Douw 
[227] John Vandespegel 

John D Peyster 
John Euwatse 
John Hardenbrooke 
Rip Van Dam 
Cap* John Kip 
Mr Thomas Clarke 
M'' John Crooke 
M^ Robt Lurting 



Citty 
NrYorke 



of) 
rkej 






ESq*^? Aldermen 



Assistants 



Overseers of 
y^ poor &c : 



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412 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that the Mayor Alderman Boelen and Cap* D Peyster be 
A Committee to take Care that the house upon the Fortification in 
point Hollondia be forthwith put in Sufficient Repair for y? Securing 
of y* Publick Stores of Gun powder and that each Barrell of powder 
pay one Shihng and Six pence Storage And that John Crooke the 
Cooper have his Rate of one Shiling ^ Barrell as formerly for taking 
Care of the Same And itt is hereby Ordered that No Person whatso- 
ever within this Citty doe Presume to Keep Above y* Quantity of one 
Barrill of Powder in their Shops Dwelling houses or ware houses or 
Any Other place within the Citty Except the Publick powder house 
upon penalty of twenty Shilings for Each Default And all Persons are 
hereby Required forthwith to Carry their powder thither where Care 
is taken to Secure the Same Accordingly. And Ordered yi M'' Crooke 
Receive the Storage and Account for y? Same 

Adjourn'd till 2 A Clock Afternoon. 

Die Luna 2^ hor post Meridiem 3^ Julii 1696 

Present William Merrett ESq'' Mayor 
James Graham ESq'^ Recorder 
Brandt Schuyler *^ 
Robert Darkins L Aldermen. 

Jacob Boelen J 

[228) John Vandespiegel S 

John D Peyster a • ^ ^ 

Rip Van Dam ^Assistants 

John Euwatse J 

Cap! John Kip "^ 

Cap^ Thomas Clarke Ove[r] seers of 

Robert Lurting j y?poor&c: 

John Crooke 

By Order of his Excellency the Mayor and the Captains of the 
Militia having Viewed his Majesties Fortifications About the Citty 
finde them and the Gunns Carriadges much out of Repaire And being 
Informed that there is no Money In the Treasury nor Any Other Fund 
for the Repai[r]ing the Same And Upon the Intelligence his Excellency 
has of yt Designs of the Enemy upon this place itt is of Absolute 
Nessessity that the same be forthwith Repaired And put in A Posture 
of Defence itt is therefore proposed by the Mayor for y? Ease of the 
Inhabitants att this time of Exigency that A Tax may be Raised for 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



413 



that purpose Itt is thereupon Unanimously Resolved that A Tax of 
five hundred pounds be Raised for the Defraying the Qiarge of Repair- 
ing the Carriadges of the Gunns & Fortifications And to No Other 
use or purpose whatsoever Provided that this Shall not for y? Future 
be drawn into President or thereby Expected that this Citty is Obliged 
to doe the like for the time to Come and that this Money is to be Im- 
ployed for y5 buying of Materialls And Paying the men that Shall be 
Imployed in Repairing the Said worke And Shall be paid att or before 
the fifth day of September Next. 

[229] Citty of ^j^« Att A Common Coimcil held att the 



Assistants 



Overseers of 
y?poor&c: 



N : Yorke J Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Wensday the 

5*^ day of Aug* 1696. 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqf Recorder 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt*^ 
Brandt Schuyler vESq*? Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Rip Van Dam 
John Euwatse 
John D Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
Johannes Kip 
Thomas Clarke 
Robert Lurting 
John Crooke 

The Following Ordinance being three times Read was Approved 
Nemine Contra dicente and Ordered that the scale of y* Citty be 
Affixed and forthwith Published & Recorded And Accordingly the 
same was Published after the Ringing of three Bells ft Recorded as 
foUoweth (Viz!) 

An Ordinance Established by the Mayor Recorder Aldermen and 
Assistants and by the Overseers of the poor and publidc works and 
buildings of the City of New York Convened in Common Council for 
the Raising of five hundred pounds to be Imployed for the Repairing 
the fortifications of the said City 

Whereas his Majestys Fortifications about this City are much out 
of Repair and by the Intelligence his Excellency has lately Received 
from England of A design of the French to Assault this place or some 



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414 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Other of his Majestys Adjacent Plantations which will Very Much 
Endanger the lives and Estates of the Inhabitants of this City [230] 
if timely Care be not taken to put the same Fortifications in good 
Repair and in a fitt posture of defence for their security And Whereas 
the Contingent Charge of the Government has Exhausted the Income 
of his Majestys Revenue soe that there is no Money in his Majestys 
Treasury of this Province for the defraying the said Charge and itt 
being of Absolute Nessessity that the said Fortifications should be 
forthwith Repaired and put in A good Posture of defence and also that 
all Nessessary Materialls fitt for that service should be Conveniently 
provided for as well as for the payment of such men as shall be Im- 
ployed in the work of such Repairs The Mayor Recorder Aldermen 
and Assistants of the said City of New York together with the Over- 
seers of the poor and publick works and Buildings of this City 
taking the same into their serious Consideration doe for the Reasons 
Aforesaid with Condition that the same for the future shall not be 
taken as A President or that this City is Obliged by Right or Justice to 
doe the like for the time to Come but purely from the good and Loyall 
AflFection that the Inhabitants of this City bear unto his Majesty and 
his Government Established here by his Majestys Authority and for 
the better defence of his Majestys said City against all the attempts 
& designs of the French or any Other of his Majestys declared Enemys. 
The Mayor Recorder Aldermen and Assistants of the said City of New 
York and the Overseers of the publick works and buildings of the 
same Convened in Common Council doe Unanimously Agree that for 
the purposes Aforesaid and for no Other use or purpose whatsoever 
their be Raised Assessed Levyed and Collected the sum of five hun- 
dred pounds Currant Money of this Province upon all and Every the 
Estates Reall and personal of all and Every of the Cittizens Inhabitants 
Residenters and sojourners within this City and Corporation aforesaid 
to be paid unto the Treasurer of the said City at or before the fifth day 
of September Next Ensueing the publication hereof, and for the more 
due and Orderly Assessing and Collecting the aforesaid Tax of five 
hundred pounds be itt Ordained by the Authority Aforesaid that the 
Assessors of the Respective Wards within this City & Corporation 
Aforesaid Shall on fryday Next being the seaventh day of this Instant 
August meet and Assemble together at such Convenient place within 
the said City as to them Shall seem meet and shall then and there well 
truely faithfully Justly Equally Impartially and in due Proportion 
Estimate and Value all the Reall and personal Estates of all and Every 
the Cittirens Inhabitants Residenters & sojourners within the said City 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 415 

and Corporation According to the [231 J Best of their Knowledge and 
understanding and make A true List or Roll of the same and then 
assess the sum of five hundred Pounds as Aforesaid and make Return 
of such their Roll or Assessment unto the Office of Town Clerk of the 
said City and Corporation at or before the tenth day of this Instant 
August in Order that the same be delivered into the hands of the 
Collector of the said City and Corporation with A Warrant signed by 
the Mayor Recorder or any two of the Aldermen of the said City Im- 
powering him to Levy the said Tax of five hundred pounds as Afore- 
said and upon Refusal to distrain and sell by publick Outcry and pay 
the same into the hands of the Treasurer of the said City, and if any 
person shall refuse to pay what he is soe assessed and the said Col- 
lector doe distrain for the same all his Charges Shall be paid him with 
such further allowance for his pains as the said Mayor Recorder or 
Aldermen or any of them shall Judge Reasonable. 

And be itt further Ordained by the Authority Aforesaid that all 
Payments of the said sum Shall be made by Warrant Issueing from 
the Mayor of the said City by and with the advice of Colt Abraham D : 
. Peyster Capt Brandt schuyler Cap! John Merrett Cap* Johannes Kip 
Cap* John D. Bruyn Capt John D : Peyster Capt Gerrard Douw and 
Cap! John Tuder or any three of them whereof Colt D : Peyster to be 
one who are hereby Impowered & Authorized to see that the said 
Money should be well and truely Imployed to the uses Aforesaid and 
that what Materialls Shall be Needfull for the said service be procured 
at a Reasonable Rate. 

City Hall Wensday the fifth day of August 1696 the Mayor Re- 
corder Aldermen and Assistants and Overseers of the poor and publick 
works and buildings of the City of New York Convened in Common 
Council have Established this Ordinance 

Sigill By Order of the Common Council 

Civitatis Will Merrett 

[232] Citty of New Yorke Aug! y5 7^ 1696 

This day in the Presence of William Merrett ESq^^ Mayor of the 
Citty of New Yorke and Alderman Brandt Schuyler. M^ Samuell Burte 
John Theobald, John Harperdingh ISaac D : Riemer Tymon Van Bor- 
son, Andries Marsh/jchalck Peter Williams Roome Jacobus Vande- 
Spiegel and John Kierse Assessors of this Citty were Sworne to Assess 
the Moyety of Seaven hundred Ninety Seaven pounds Nine Shilings 



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4i6 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Pursuant to An Act of Gen^ Assembly Entituled An Act for j^ Raising 
one hundred & twenty Effective men to be Imployed by his Excellency 
for the Reinforcing & Strengthning the Fronteers of the Proyince Att 
Albany &c : A Warrant Given them to Authorize them to Return their 
Assessments into the Town Clerkes Office on or before y* 15*^ day of 
this Instant August. And the said Assessors had Likewise A Warrant 
Given them Signed by the Said Mayor and Aldermen and Overseers of 
the poor and Publick works and buildings for y^ Assessing of five him- 
dred pounds Raised by An Ordinance of the Mayor Recorder Aldermen 
and Assistants and Ove[r] seers of y* poor & Publick works and build- 
ings of the Said Citty for y^ Repairing the Fortifications of this Citty by 
Vertue of An Act of Gen^ Assembly of this Province Entituled An 
Act for Enabling the Citty of New Yorke to Relieve their poor & 
Defray their Publick and Nessessary Charge. 



[233 [ Citty of )^^ Att A Common Council held att the 



N : Yorke J ^ Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Wessdaj yt 

ip^l* day of August 1696 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

William Beeckman 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler ^ESq'fAldermea. 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw. 

John Vandespiegel 

Rip Van Dam 

John Hardenbrooke V^ Assistants 

John Euwatse 

Martin Clock. 

Whereas this Citty & County of New Yorke is Indebted to the 
King by Arrearage of Taxes Not yett paid to his Majesties Collector in 
the Sum of seaventy two pounds thirteen Shilings and Six pence 
being the whole Arrearage of y* Said Citty And County from Coll 
Sloughters time Untill the twenty fifth day of March last past Itt 
is therefore Ordered that the Treasurer doe pay the Said Sum of 
Seaventy two pounds thirteen Shilings and Six pence vnto his Majes- 
ties Receiver Gen^ for this Province of New York And take A Gen' 
Discharge in full of all Taxes & Arrearage of Taxes until! that time 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 417 

which Said Sum he is to pay out of the Money to be paid by the 
Inhabitants of Dock Street for y« Ground lately Granted to them. 
[234] Ordered that Alderman Schuyler and M'' Van Dam be A Com- 
mittee to Inspect to the Making the Citties parte of y* Wharfe by the 
Dock between the Lott of the Late Widdow Banker and the Slip And 
that the bridge be Also made According to their Directions 

Ordered that the Mayor Direct A Warrant to the Treasurer for y? 
paying the Sum of Six pounds three Shilings and three halfe pence 
Currant Money of New Yorke to John Geddes itt being for boards 
Nails Iron worke & Labour for fitting the Powder house and poor 
house & Ordered that the Treasurer pay the Same. 

Ordered that Alderman Douw and Mr Van Dam doe Informe M*? 
Veenvos that the Citty will Dispose of y? Land before her house unless 
She Comply with them According to the Agreement made by her late 
husband in his life time And make their Reporte this day forthnight. 

Ordered that the surveyors Ascertaine the Ground to be Released 
to the Citty by Heltie Clopper for y* more Regular Making of Maiden 
lane and also of the Ground to be Granted to her by the Citty in lieu 
thereof and make Return thereof to the next Common Council. 

Ordered that the Treasurer Examine the Account of John Cooley 
and if he finds that itt has not been paid to Stanley Handcock ESq^ 
late High Sheriff of this Citty that he make Reporte thereof to the 
next Common Council. 

[^35] Ordered that the Mayor direct A Warrant to y? Treasurer for 
y? FsLying to Mangle Johnson the Sum of three pounds fifteen Shilings 
Currant Money of New Yorke itt being for Removing the wharfe in 
the Rear of Mr Outmans Lott in Dock Street. 



Citty of ) «^ Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Thursday the 

27^ day of Augt 1696. 

Present Will Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
Will Beeckman '^ 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt ; . .^ 

T> ^* c u 1 > Aldermen 

Brandt Schuyler j 

Jacob Boelen J 



Vol. 1.^27 



John Hardenbrooke 

Rip Van Dam ^Assistants 

John D: Peyster J 



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41 8 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered That the Assize of bread Published the I2*t day of May 
last Continue till further Order. And itt is Likewise Ordered that the 
Bakers of this Citty doe Keep bread in their Shops for to Supply y5 
Inhabitants therewith According to the said Assize And if Any Person 
or Persons within the Said Citty Shall Presume to Bake Biskett 
Coockees Or Any Other Sorte of bread than what is hereby Estab- 
lished for Transportation or otherwise After the first day of Septem- 
ber Next Ensueing (unless they bake bread According to the said 
Assize for to supply the Inhabitants of this Citty therewith) Shall for 
Every Such Default pay the sum of thirty Shilings Currant Money of 
this Province One halfe to be paid to the Informer & the Other halfe 
to the Citty And to be Recovered by Information to the Mayor, Re- 
corder or any one of the Aldermen of y? Said Citty. And itt is hereby 
further Ordered that No Person whatsoever doe Presume to Occupy 
the trade of A Baker within the Said Citty unless he or they Inroll 
their Names with the Mayor upon Penalty of twenty Shilings for each 
Default to be Disposed of & Recovered in like Manner as Aforesaid. 

[236] Ordered that the Mayor Direct A Warrant to y^ Treasurer for 
y? paying to John Tuder ESqr High Sheriff of this Citty the Sum of 
three pounds Eight Shilings and Six pence Currant Money of New 
Yorke which was Allowed As A County Charge in Gen*^ Quarter ses- 
sions May y^ 7^ 1695 & Aug* y^ 6*^ 1695 itt being for y^ Maintain- 
ance of A Felon Called George Jefferson and for Mending y? Citty 
Goale & Ordered y^ Treasurer pay the Same. 

A Draft of y« Ground to be Released by Heltie Clopper for the 
better Regulateing of Maiden Lane and also of the Ground to be 
Granted to her by the Citty in lieu thereof was produced and Viewed 
and Ordered that Instruments be drawn for Releasing and Granting 
the Same. 

Ordered that Alderman Douw John Vandespiegel & John Euwatse 
doe Audite y? Acct of Direck Vanderburgh And make Reporte thereof 
to the next Common Council 

The Memorial of Mr Daniell Honan was read to be Considered. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



419 



Citty^ 



NiYorkej 



SS 



Present 



[237] 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday the 
22^ day of September 1696 

William Merrett ESq*" Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
William Beeckman 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
Gerrard Douvv 
Rip Van Dam 
John D: Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
Martin Clock 



>.ESq'? Aldermen 



Assistants. 



Ordered that the Mayor Calling to his Assistance two Aldermen 
and two Common Council men together with the Surveyors doe lay 
out Mr Beeckmans Ground According to his Pattents and Ascertaine y? 
Demensions thereof. 



Citty of ; 
N:Yorke 



-SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y^ Said Citty on Wensday the 
23** day of September Anno DoiTT 1696. 



Present William Merrett ESq'' Mayor 
James Graham ESq'' Recorder 
Robert Darkins 
Jacob Boelen 
Gerrard Douw 
John Vandespiegel 
Rip Van Dam 
John D Peyster 
John Hardenbrooke 
Martin Clock 



} 



ESq" Aldermen 



Assistants 



A Ruff Draft of A Grant to Cott Stephen V : Cortlandt for A Slip 
of Ground by the Dock was read and Approved and Ordered to be 
Ingrossed And that the Mayor Execute the Same. 



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420 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

The Petition of y* Freeholders of Dock Street was read Desiring 
the Ground laid out in the Rear of their Lotts Next the East River 
may be Granted to them att Nine pence ^ foot; that they may have 
Six Months time for the Payment of one halfe parte and Six Months 
more time to pay the Rest, that their may be A Restraint for Ever 
[238] from Erecting Any buildings before the Street and wharfe that 
is now laid out Upon A Direct Line and y* Purchasers Directed to 
Range their Fences Accordingly that each Purchaser haue the Free 
and Absolute vse & Benefitt of y* wharfs with y^ Liberty to Erect 
Cranes and Stairs & the Advantages and Profitts thereof; that there 
be A Sufficient Carte way from the Slip att Burgers path And that 
they Erect Such building:s thereon as to them Shall seem meet : which 
is Granted the Purchasers paying for y? Ground Upon Delivery of 
their Grants and When they build fronting to the water Side to be two 
Stories High and to be of brick or Stone And Upon their Acceptance 
the Mayor to Execute the Grants Accordingly 

The Petition of John Vandespiegel in behalfe of himselfe and the 
Inhabitants of Queen Street from Castor Lieuersons to the Gate that 
the Street may be taken down as the Surveyors Shall See Con- 
venient & that they be Ordered to Direct the Same, which is Granted 
and the Surveyors are hereby Directed to Order y? Same Accordingly 

The Patent of Mn Veenvos by which She holds Some land Front- 
ing to her now Dwelling house in Queen Street was read & itt is the 
Opinion of this board that her Right by y* same Extends no further 
then the Wall Mentioned Mentioned therein and that the Rest of y5 
Ground to Low water marke is the Right and Property of y? Citty 
And itt is the Opinion of this board that She haue A Grant for the 
Same to low water marke for fourty pounds Currt Money of New 
Yorke. 

[239] Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to y? Treasurer 
for Seaven pounds tenn Shilings to John Douw for one Quarters 
Sallary as Scavenger due y? 21*!* day of this Instant September. 

Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
fifteen pounds Curr* Money of New Yorke to be paid to John Vande- 
spiegel for halfe Years Sallary as Scavenger due & payable y* first day 
of May last past. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



421 



Citty of 
N : Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Munday y^ 
28*l» day of Sep^^r 1696. 



Present 



.ESq*? Aldermen 



Wilt Merrett ESq'' Mayor 

Witt Beeckman 

Brandt Schuyler 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

John D: Peyster ^ 

John Hardenbrooke L Assistants. 

John Euwatse J 

Pursuant to An Act of Gen^ Assembly Entituled an Act to Enable 
y? Citty of New Yorke to Relieve y? poor & Defray their Publick and 
Nessessary Charge the Severall Persons hereafter Named were Chosen 
Overseers of the poor and Publick Works and buildings for >-* 
Year Ensueing. for the Dock Ward M^ Robert Lurting. for the South 
Ward Mf John Spratt. for the West Ward M*" Balthazar Bayard for 
the North Ward Mr John Crooke & for the East Ward M^ John 
Theobald. 



[240] Citty of ^^<. 
N: Yorke j 



Present 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of yf Said Citty on on Tuesday 
y? 29^1* day of Sep^r 1696 

Witt Merrett ESq'' Mayor 
Witt Beeckman 
Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
RoK Darkins 
Gerrard Douw 
John D Peyster 
Rip Van Dam 
John Hardenbrooke 
John Euwatse 



j^ESq'? Aldermen 



Assistants 



By Vertue of y^ Warrants Issued by the Mayor to the Aldermen of 
each Respective Ward (According to the usage Practice & Custom of 
this Citty) for y? Electing this day one Alderman one Assistant two 



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422 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



Assessors and one Petty Constable in each Respective Ward within 
this Citty to Serve in tlieir Respective Offices for y? Year Ensueing. 
the Aldermen of y* Severall Wards Aforesaid have Accordingly made 
Return under their hands and Seals of y^ Said Election as followeth 
(VizO 



East Ward 






South Ward 

[241] 
Dock Ward 



West Ward 



Out Ward 






North Ward 



Leonard Lewis 
Jeremiah Tothill 

IJohn Theobald 
Samuell Burte 
John Hatie 

Brandt Schuyler B'Sqr 

ISaac D : Riemer 

Jacobus Kip 

William Jackson 

Andries Meyer 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt ESqr 

Phillip French. 

David Provoost Senr 

Johannes Outman 

Jacob Bennett 
'^Robert Darkins ESqf 

John Windeford 

Tobias Stoutenburgh 

Olfert Suert 
^John Vincent 

Cap* John Kip 

Johannes Hardenbrooke 

Timon Van Borson 

Andries Marschalck 

Lewis Bongrand 

Thomas Tumier 

Peter Van Oblinus 

Wolfert Webber 

Henry Comelis 

Abraham Boeke 

Abraham Messiers 
Harlem 

John Kierse 

Adolph Meyer 

Samuell Waldron 



s 



Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 

Assessors 

Constable 
Alderman 
Assistant 
Assessor 
Surveyors of 
High ways 
Constable. 

Assessor 
Surveyors of 
Highways 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 423 

Cap! Ebenezer Willson is Continued Chamberlaine of this Citty for 
y? Year Ensueing. 

The Mayor Appointed Thomas Burroughs High Constable of this 
Citty for y5 Year Ensueing 

The Council by A Messenger Informed this board that his Excel- 
lency by their Advice before he went to Albany Was pleased to [242] 
Appoint the Present Mayor to Continue Mayor of this Citty for the 
Year Ensueing. 

Ordered the Mayor Execute Warrants to the Treasurer for the 
Paying the Sum of Seaven pounds fourteen Shilings & Nine pence 
Currant Money of this Province to Each of the Cap*? of y? Mihtia of 
this Citty that is to Say Capt. Brandt Schuyler Cap! Ebenezer Willson 
Cap! John Merrett Capt John D Bruyn Cap! John Kip Cap! John D ; 
Peyster & Cap! John Tuder itt being Money Disbursted by them for 
supplying y* Night Guard of this Citty with fire & Candle Untill the 
first of Aug! Last and that they be paid out of the Tax Raised to 
Defray the same and what falls Shorte in the Tax the Treasurer is 
hereby Ordered to pay out of the Revenue of the Citty. 

Upon Application of Lodwick Vanderbergh for a Lease of the 
Shop he Now Useth in the broad way for five Years to Commence 
from y? 25*? Instant and he to pay Yearly for the Same the Sum of 
one pounds Seaventeen Shilings Curr! Money of New Yorke & to 
Repair the Same & soe to Keep itt During the S^ Terme & Soe Re- 
paired to Deliver y« same ordered that itt be Granted and that the 
Gierke draw the Lease Accordingly. 

Ordered The Mayor direct A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
Pa>'ing of three pounds Currant Money of New Yorke to Mangle 
Johnson for Stockadoes for finishing y« Citty Wharfe Adjoyning to 
the Land of Coll D : Peyster in Queen Street. 

Ordered tlie Qerke Draw A Ruff Draft of y? Grants for the 
Ground lately Sold to the Inhabitants of Dock Street & y* itt be Sent 
to the Recorder for his Approbation 

[243] Ordered that Alderman Darkins Aid Beeckman Alderman 
Douw Cap! D: Peyster M^ Van Dam & Mf Euwatse or Any four of 
them whereof Alderman Douw to be One be A Committee to Audite 



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424 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



y« Treasurers Ace*? And make Reporte thereof on or before y* I2*^ 
day of October Next Ensueing. 

Ordered that y? Committee Appointed Concerning the building of 
A New Citty Hall doe make their Reporte of their Proceedings therein 
to the next Common Council 



Citty of 
N:Yorke 



SS 



Present 



>.ESq'^ Aldermen 



y Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att tlie 
Citty Hall of y5 Said Citty on Wensday y? 
I4^> day of October 1696 

William Merrett ESq'' Mayor 

William Beeckman 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler 

Robert Darkins 

Jacob Boelen 

Gerrard Douw 

John Vandespiegel 

John D Peyster 

Rip Van Dam 

John Hardenbrooke 

John Euwatse 

Martin Clock 

The Mayor attended According to Custom waited on his Excellency 
in Council & was there Publikely Sworne. 

John Tuder ESqr was also Commissionated High Sheriff of the 
Citty and County of New Yorke and Orange County 

[244] The Mayor &c : Returned to the Citty Hall where after the Ring- 
ing of three Bells his and the Sheriffs Commissions were Published. 

The Mayor Resumed the Chair & the Aldermen & Assistants 
Elected to Serve in their Respective offices for the Year Ensueing were 
all Sworne & Subscribed the Test Except Mf John Hardenbrooke who 
is Absent. 

Thomas Burroughs Sworne High Constable 

The Petition of Lewis Bongrand was Read Setting forth that he 
'was Lately Chosen Constable of the North Ward that he is Above 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 425 

Sixty Years of Age and Cannot understand English, therefore prays 
this Courte will Consider the Same And Order he be Dismissed from 
Serving in Such office And that Another may be Chosen to Serve in 
the said Ward for y^ Ensueing Year, the Petition is Accordingly 
Granted & Ordered that a Warrant be Directed to the Alderman of y^ 
North Ward for y? Electing Another Constable. 

Andries Meyer Elected Constable of y* South Ward was Absent 
Wherefore itt is Ordered that the Present Constable doe Execute y* 
said office till the Said Meyer Come to Town. 

John Hatie Elected Constable of y? East Ward desired to be Ex- 
cused being A poor Man and not understanding the Language the 
board are of Opinion he Ought to Serve or Fine & have Given him 
time till to morrow Morning to Gett A Deputy to Serve in his Stead. 



[245] Cittyof ^^^^ Att a Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Saturday the 

17^ day of October 1696. 

Present William Merrett ESqf Mayor 
Johannes Kip 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt 
Robert Darkins 
Leonard Lewis 
Thomas Turneur 
Phillip French 
John Windower 
Peter Oblimis 
Jeremiah Tothil 

Alderman Lewis Return'd Peter Newkirke to Serve as Constable of 
y? East Ward for y* Year Ensueing who was Swome Accordingly. 



.Aldermen 



>. Assistants 



The Petition of Capt Teunis De Key was Read Desiring that A 
Carte way May be made leading out of the broad Street to the Street 
that Runns by the Pye Womans leading to the Commons of this Citty 
that the Petitioner will undertake to doe the same Provided he may 
haue the soyle. To be Considered 

Adjourn'd till three A Clock Afternoon 



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. ESq" Aldermen 



426 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Die Saturni tertia hora ^ Mer. 

Present Wilt Merrett ESq'' Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Johannes Kip 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt 

Robert Darkins 

Leonard Lewis 

Thomas Turneur 

[246] Phillip French S 

Jeremiah Tothill * • . . 

r t XI r- J y Assistants 

John Wmdower C 

Peter Oblimis J 

Upon Complaint of the Inhabitants & poor of this Citty that there is 
no bread to be bought to Supply their wants Soe that they Cannot Sub- 
sist unless Some Speedy Method be taken to furnish the Same, and the 
Bakers being Summoned before this board doe Complaine that they 
have no Come Neither Can Gett Any to Purchase att a Reasonable Rate 
whereby to Occupy their Trades in Order to Supply the Inhabitants 
of this Citty with bread As Aforesaid Itt is therefore Ordered that y^ 
Alderman & Assistant of each Respective Ward within this Citty doe 
Goe through their Severall Wards & make Diligent Search And En- 
quiry of what Quantities of flower wheat and bread Are in the Said 
Ward and make Return* thereof On Munday Next att two of y? Clock 
in the Afternoon In Order that Effectual Care be taken for to Supply 
the Inhabitants with bread 



Citty of I ^^ Att A Common Council held att the 

N : Yorke j Citty Hall of yf Said Citty on Tuesday the 

23^ day of October 1696 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 



\. 



Jacobus V : Cortlandt 

Johannes Kip ^Aldermen 

Robert Darkins J 

Phillip French "^ 

John Windower L Assistants 

John Hardenbrooke J 

[247] This day James Spencer was Sworne Constable of the North 
Ward According to the Return of Alderman Kip 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



427 



Mr Johannes Hardenbrooke was Sworne as an Assistant of y? North 
Ward & Subscribed y* Test Accordingly. 

Ordered that Alderman V: Cortlandt Alderman Kip Mr Phillip 
French and Mr Johannes Hardenbrooke be A Committee to Joyn with 
the Recorder to Consult of Such proper Methods as may be most 
Effectual for the Causing Come to be brought to this Citty for the 
Reliefe of the Inhabitants thereof and make Reporte thereof with all 
Convenient Expedition to this board. 

Ordered that the Mayor Execute A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
the Paying to Alderman Johannes Kip the Sum of thirty four pounds 
Curr! Money of New Yorke Out of the Tax Raised for the Defraying 
y? Publick Charge of y? Citty as itt was Ordered in Common Council 
on Saturday the first day of February last past. 

Ordered the Mayor direct A Warrant to the Treasurer for the 
paying to John Cooley the Sum of two pounds four Shilings and Nine 
pence Currt Money of New Yorke itt being and Making Severall Par- 
cells of Iron Worke belonging to the Common Goale in the time Mr 
Handcock was Sheriff as Appears by his Acc5 which is Allowed & 
Ordered the Treasurer pay the Same. 



Citty of 
N: Yorke 



SS 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y* said Citty on Wensday the 
11^ day of November 1696 



}■ 



[248] Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 
James Graham ESqr Recorder 
Johannes Kip 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt ^ ESq**? Aldermen 
Leonard Lewis 
Phillip French 
ISaac D: Riemer 
Jeremiah Tothil 
John Windower 

Ordered that Alderman Darkins AW Lewis Cap* Tothill & M'^ D : 
Riemer be A Committee to Audite the Treasurers & all the Publick 
Ace*? of this Citty And also the Ace** of y? Overseers of the poor & 
Make Return thereof in fourteen days. 

Ordered that y* Alderman and Common Council man of Each 



>. Assistants. 



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428 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ward doe Supervise the Publick Wells of this Citty And take Care that 
they be Kept Sweet Usefull and in Good Repair for y« Common 
Benefitt of the Citty & y\ the Inhabitants of each Respective Ward doe 
Contribute to the Charge thereof. 

Ordered that all the Laws Orders and Ordinances of this Citty 
Abide Continue and Remaine in force till further Order. 

Ordered that the Auditors of the Publick Acc*« doe Examine the 
Ace* of Direck Vanderburgh & make Reporte thereof to the Next 
Common Council. 

[249I Ordered that M^" Direck Vanderburgh & Tobias Stoutenburgh 
be Overseers And Vieuers of the harths and Chimneys within this 
Citty. 

Ordered that y? Aldermen and Common Council man of Each Re- 
spective Ward within this Citty doe View the Several and Respective 
Streets in their Respective Wards And Order the Regulating and 
Paveing of the same as May be most Convenient for y* Inhabitants 
thereof And that they Call to their Assistance the Surveyors and Other 
officers of this Citty as often as they Shall See Occasion for y^ better 
Directing the Same. 

Ordered that Alderman Cortlandt Alderman Schuyler Alderman 
Darkins. AXd Kip, AW. Lewis Cap*. Tothill Mr French & Mf D: Riemer 
be A Committee to make An Estimate what the building of A New Citty 
Hall will Amount to, And where itt will be most Convenient to Place 
the Same. And that they Consider of the most Easy And Proper 
Method for y^ Raising A Fund to build the Same And that they Cause 
A Draft to be made thereof And that they Call to their Assistance the 
Surveyors of the Citty. 

Ordered that the Mayor direct A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
the Payment of ten pounds Currant Money of New Yorke to James 
Graham ESq^ in full of his Sallary as Speaker to the house of Repre- 
sentatives & A Member for this Citty; Ending the third day of this 
Instant November. 

[250] Ordered that the Mayor Direct A Warrant to the Treasurer for 
y* Payment of twenty one pounds four Shilings Currt Money of New 
Yorke to William Sharpas in full of one Years Sallary as Ct of this 
Courte Ending y? 14*!^ day of October last past & for Pen Ink and 
Paper w^ is Allowed & Ordered the Treasurer pay the Same. 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 429 

Cittyof )^« Att a Common Council held att the 

N: Yorkej Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Fryday the 

13*? day of Nov^' 1696 

Present Witt Merrett ESqf Mayor 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt ) ^^^ r« mj 

T5 j^ c 1. 1 J-ESq*? Aldermen 

Brandt Schuyler j ^ 

Johannes Hardenbrooke "S 

Jeremiah Tothill L Assistants 

John Windower J 

The Overseers of the poor &c : were Summoned to Appear hear this 
day in Order to Have Recommended to them to Consider of A Fund 
for y^ Reliefe of y* poor &c : & M'' John Spratt Elected one of y* Over- 
seers &c : did not Appear According to A Personal Summons. Where- 
upon itt is Ordered that the Mayor doe Summons them before him to 
morrow Morning And if they Refuse to doe their Duty According to 
the Directions of the Act; that the Justices doe Issue Out their 
Warrants for the Levying of their fines as in the Said Act is Directed 

The Overseers of the poor Informe this board that the poor Tax is 
not all paid in whereby they want Money to Relieve them in their 
Present Nessessity. Whereupon Alderman Cortlandt hath Promised to 
Advance ten pounds Upon the [251] Credit of the Act till the Same be 
Collected this board Engaging to Refund the same, & that he will 
forthwith pay itt into the hands of y* Overseers for the Present Reliefe 
of the Poor. 

Cittyof )^,^ Att A Common Council held att the 

N: Yorkej Citty Hall of y* said Citty on Munday the 

i6*l» day of November 1696. 

Present William Merrett ESqf Mayor 
Johannes Kip "^ 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 
Brandt Schuyler 
Robert Darkins 
Phillip French ^ 

Jeremiah Tothill v Assistants 

ISaac D : Riemer J 

John Spratt lately Elected to serve in the office of one of the Over- 
seers of y^ poor of this Citty hath Refused to Serve and has paid his fine 
Whereupon M^^ Thomas Wenham is Chosen in his Stead to Serve in the 



>. Aldermen 



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430 



MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 



S** office for the Year Ensueing who Accordingly has Accepted of the 
same 



Citty of / 
NrYorkej^ 



. Assistants 



Att a Common Council held att the 
Citty Hall of y? Said Citty on Tuesday y5 
17^* Day of November 1696. 

Present William Merrett ESq^ Mayor 

James Graham ESqr Recorder 

Johannes Kip ^ 

Jacobus V: Cortlandt 

Brandt Schuyler ^ ESq*"? Aldermen 

Robert Darkins 

Leonard Lewis 
[252] Johannes Hardenbrooke 

Phillip French 

Jeremiah Tothili 

ISaac D : Riemer 
M^ Mayor having Represented to this board that the Inhabitants of 
this Citty have made dayly Complaint for want of bread and y\ he had 
for y« Discovery of the Said Cause of Complaint Ordered An Alderman 
& Common Council Man of Each Ward to make Enquiry what Quantity 
of Corne was in this Citty for y? Supplying the Inhabitants with dayly 
bread who Accordingly did Examine and made a Strict Enquiry att 
Every house of what Store of Corne they had and tliereupon Did Re- 
porte that Pursuant to the Said Ordinance they had made a Strict 
Enquiry and did finde att tliat time there did not Exceed the Quantity of 
Seaven hundred Bushells Upon which itt was taken into Considera- 
tion what Number of Inhabitants was within this Citty and what Might 
be Needfull for their dayly subsistance with bread Whereupon itt was 
Computed that there was Above Six thousand souls within this Citty 
and that Stock of Corne would not be Sufficient for A Weeks Main- 
tainance Whereupon this board fell into Consideration of what Should 
be the Cause of Soe Great A Scarcity when lately their had been Soe 
Plentifull A harvest, and did finde that the true and Only Cause did 
Proceed from y^ Liberty & Latitude that Every Planter had Lately taken 
of making his house or Farme A Markett for his wheat or Converting 
the same into Flower by Bolting of itt And that under Pretence of 
A Priviledge they Conceive they had Obtained by Vertue of A Law 
made in Gen^ Assembly Entituled An Act Ag* unlawfuU Bylaws and 
unreasonable forfeitures by which this Citty which was formerly the 
only Markett for [253! Corne and the Sole place for Bolting of flower 



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OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK 431 

has been very Much wrong'd & Injured not only to the Prejudice 
of Trade And the Increase of his Majesties Revenue but also to 
the Exposing the Inhabitants Travellers & Sojourners within the same 
to Penury and want of bread Whereupon the Mayor does Crave 
and Desire the Advice & Assistance of this board of the best way and 
means for the Redressing this Insupportable Grieviance of y^ want of 
bread to the Inhabitants and how this Citty may be Again Restored 
vnto Its Ancient Rights & Priviledges Possessed by them Ever Since 
the foundation of the same of being the Chiefe Markett of this 
Province for Corne and of hauing the sole Bolting of Flower & 
Baking of Biskett for Transportation. This board having taken the 
Premisses into their Serious Consideration doe Unanimously Resolve 
And Agree that there Can be no better way or means for y^ Answer- 
ing of y^ Ends Abovesaid then that by his Most sacred Majesty be 
Addressed for the Repealing the Aforesaid Law And the Confirm- 
ing to this Citty and their Successors all their Rights and Priviledges 
as they formerly haue Enjoyed And that A Committee be Appointed 
to make A true and Perfect Representation of the same. Where- 
upon Alderman Kip Alderman Cortlandt Alii Schuyler & AW Lewis 
M'' French M'" Tothill. M** Hardenbrooke and M'' D : Riemer or Any 
five of them Are Appointed A Committee to make A true and Perfect 
Representation of what have been y^ Rights & Priviledges of this 
Citty And what may be Need full to Address his Majesty to be Added 
unto them and Make Reporte thereof with all Convenient Speed. 
[254] Ordered that there be An Assize of Rye bread & that the 
Said Assize be till further Order as followcth (Viz^) A Rye loafe to 
weigh five pounds for four, pence halfe Penny Rye being att three 
Shilings & three pence ^ Bushell. 

Citty of |^„ Att A Common Council held att y5 



N : Yorke j Citty Hall of y? S^ Citty on Thursday y5 

lo't^ day of Dec^'" 1696 

Present William Merrett ESq'^ Mayor 
Jacobus V : Cortlandt "^ 
Brandt Schuyler I ^r. * , 

RobtDarkins ^ ESq'f Aldermen 

Leonard Lewis J 

Phillip French S 

Johannes Hardenbrooke L Assistants 
John Windower J 



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432 MINUTES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Ordered that Alderman V : Cortlandt & Mr French be A Committee 
to Call Mr Thomas Clarke to an Acc^ what Disburstments he has made 
towards y? Repair of the bridge that they discharge him of his further 
Care in yJ Matter and that they take Care the same be Sufficiently 
Repaired as Shall be directed by this board. 

Ordered that the bridge be Carried out twenty foot further into the 
Dock then y? Stockadoes are now laid And then to turn South East 
Easterly twenty five foot more the breadth to be as the bridge now is 
that the Said Bridge be Planked from End to End the Planke to be two 
Inches thick or thereabouts and that the above Committee doe [255] 
take Care the Same be Perfected and finished with all Convenient 
Expedition. 

Ordered the Auditors of y' Publick Accounts doe Audite the Acci 
of Mr David Jameson and make Reporte thereof by the first Oppor- 
tunity 

Ordered that Alderman Kip be Added to the Committee for Audit- 
ing the Publick Ace*? & that the Said Comittee Audite the Acc^ of 
Mr Balthazar Bayard. 



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)mmittce 

as made 

further 

ficiently 

into the 
thEast 
now is 
be two 

[255] 
i^enient 

e Acd 
)ppor- 

{udit- 
:dof 



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